Sample records for catholicism

  1. The 'International' and the 'Global' as Complementary Power Strategies within Corporate Roman Catholicism

    Kenneth Houston


    The putative resurgence of religious belief and its reinvigorated socio-political importance – or at least prominence – has prompted critical reflection on religion, broadly defined, as a new force in politics. This paper examines the ‘global’ and ‘international’ role of Roman Catholicism. Roman Catholicism has manifested itself as an actor on the international stage and as a trans-national and global ‘community’. Frequently the conceptual dividing line between these is ambiguous. Vatican Cit...

  2. From tendency to feature: The development of anti-Catholicism in early modern English drama

    Bauer, Carolina


    “Intolerance of Catholics and Catholicism is one of the best-known features of seventeenth-century England” , but at the same time it is also “in some ways […] one of the least explored. In particular, little is known of the essential feature of this intolerance – the nature, extent and causes of the Protestant fear of Catholics.” It was this quote which struck me the most while I was conducting research for my thesis. Robin ...

  3. The 'International' and the 'Global' as Complementary Power Strategies within Corporate Roman Catholicism

    Kenneth Houston


    Full Text Available The putative resurgence of religious belief and its reinvigorated socio-political importance – or at least prominence – has prompted critical reflection on religion, broadly defined, as a new force in politics. This paper examines the ‘global’ and ‘international’ role of Roman Catholicism. Roman Catholicism has manifested itself as an actor on the international stage and as a trans-national and global ‘community’. Frequently the conceptual dividing line between these is ambiguous. Vatican City and the Holy See have both been accorded international status, the former since the conclusion of the Lateran Treaty by Italy’s fascist leader, Benito Mussolini, in 1929, the latter since the mid nineteenth century following the absorption of the Papal States into the newly unified Italian Republic. The Holy See also enjoys a special status position within the United Nations system as a non-member observer state. Following revelations of clerical child abuse the Holy See was put on the defensive in several national contexts in a public controversy that resonated much more widely. This trans-nationally organised religion has mobilised both nationally and internationally to defend its institutional interests. Through an examination of empirical instances the study sidesteps the question of whether religions are ‘global’ or ‘international’ phenomena, and draws attention to the distinct power modalities operative at the level of both international politics and in transnational or global organisation.

  4. How Antisemitic was the Political Catholicism in Croatia-Slavonia around 1900?

    Marija Vulesica


    Full Text Available Before the Croatian-Slavonian parliamentary elections in 1897, two oppositional parties formed the so called United Opposition which was backed by large segments of the clergy. Afraid, variously, of liberalism, the Hungarian church reforms, the ideas of social democracy and the demands for secularization, the United Opposition chose antisemitism as a political means. Supported by the Catholic paper (Katolički list and its editor in chief Stjepan Korenić, who openly called for the clergy to organize politically, they blamed Jews for all the putative threats of the modern world. For the first time an election campaign in Croatia-Slavonia had open antisemitic traits. The author shows the impact of antisemitic ideas within some parts of the Croatian opposition since the 1880s, including political Catholicism and the United Opposition, down to the turn of the century. The paper considers in addition the role of the Catholic newspaper and the press in general in the antisemitic campaign in 1897, as well as in the distribution of antisemitic ideas in the 1880s and 1890s in the Habsburg crownland Croatia-Slavonia.

  5. Julius J. Bautista (2010). Figuring Catholicism: An ethnohistory of the Santo Niño de Cebu. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University.

    Yeoh Seng Guan


    Let me begin with a confession—I am a novice to Philippines Studies.However, long before stepping foot in the Philippines (in 2006), I have beenintrigued by the seemingly pervasive presence of Roman Catholicism in party politics, popular culture and the everyday religiosity of Philippine society as gleaned through my sporadic forays into Filipino scholarly literature (and movies) from afar.

  6. The Bioethical Concept of Life for Life in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam: Abortion When the Mother’s Life is in Danger

    Khorfan, Rhami; Padela, Aasim I.


    Modern secular bioethics has focused on developing a set of universal principles to guide clinical decision making. However, this ignores the important role of religion in resolving bioethical questions. It is imperative that health-care providers understand these belief systems in order to traverse value conflicts and provide the highest quality care to a diverse population. This paper focuses on the process of bioethical deliberation in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam. Abortion is normative...

  7. Beyond Essentialist and Functionalist Analyses of the "Politicisation of Religion": The Evolution of Religious Parties in Political Catholicism and Political Islam

    Joerg Baudner


    Full Text Available The debate about “politics and religion” has already rejected essentialist claims of fundamental differences in the impact of religion on politics in different cultures. This article will argue that political Islam in Turkey and political Catholicism in Italy and Germany adopted remarkably similar patterns of cross-class coalitions and policies for a “reconciliation of capitalism and democracy”. First, religious parties developed as mass integration parties which already encompassed cross-class coalitions. Second, in the aftermath of political and economic crises these parties transformed into catch-all parties with a pronounced neo-liberal agenda which was given a religious justification. Third, at the same time these parties continued to sponsor policies and organizations which cushioned and supplemented an uneven economic development. Fourth, the parties kept traditional family policies which helped attracting a significant female electorate. “Organized religion” provided religious parties with a potential electorate, ancillary organizations and ideological concepts; however, their role in this political evolution changed. The conclusion will discuss whether these findings can be generalized.

  8. Espaço e distinção social: o catolicismo na Província de Sergipe Space and social distinction: Catholicism in the Province of Sergipe, Brazil

    Péricles Morais de Andrade Júnior


    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar as distinções sociais constituídas no catolicismo na Província de Sergipe Del Rey durante o século XIX. A análise está centrada nos critérios de admissão de duas irmandades religiosas atuantes na cidade de Estância. A pesquisa demonstra que havia uma população dividida entre as irmandades do Santíssimo Sacramento e de Nossa Senhora do Rosário, reflexos de uma hierarquia social mais diversificada, que diziam respeito a critérios de cor, riqueza e prestígio social. O espaço apresentava significados, na medida em que a cidade reproduzia simbolicamente a sociedade e sua organização em estratos sociais. Em outras palavras, observamos que o campo religioso católico na povoação de Estância seguia aos mecanismos de expressão da segregação e apresentava-se como representativo das oposições significativas entre os segmentos sociais, caracterizados a partir destas associações que definiam a posição social e os gostos dos seus integrantes.This article aims to analyze the social distinctions incorporated in the Catholicism in the province of Sergipe Del Rey during the nineteenth century. The analysis will be centered in the criteria of admission of two active religious brotherhoods in the city of Estancia in Sergipe, Brazil. The research shows that there was a population divided between the brotherhoods of the Blessed Sacrament and Our Lady of the Rosary, reflections of a more diversified social hierarchy about the criteria of race, wealth and social prestige. The space presented meanings in so far as the city reproduced, symbolically, the society and its organization in social strata. In other words, we notice that the Catholic religious field in the population of Estancia followed the mechanisms of expression of the segregation and presented itself as representative of the oppositions between the social groups, which were characterized by associations which defined the social position

  9. Catholicism and abortion since Roe v. Wade.

    Hisel, L M


    This document summarizes a sample of significant activities and events undertaken by Roman Catholics in response to the US Supreme Court's Roe vs. Wade decision legalizing induced abortion. The summaries begin with the 1966 creation of the National Right to Life Committee and cover opposition of Catholic bishops to the Roe decision, the organization of the National Committee for a Human Life Amendment (NCHLA), the mock investiture of a female pope by Catholics for a Free Choice, dismissal of a pro-life priest from the Jesuits, excommunication of various women because of their work with pro-choice agencies or ones that provided abortion services, meetings of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) with presidential candidates, NCHLA lobbying for the Hyde Amendment, open letters and advertisements published by CFC, the effort of Abortion Rights Mobilization to strip the Catholic church of its tax-exempt status, the Vatican order for all priests to leave political office, actions taken by nuns to support the pro-choice position, the proposal of the "seamless garment" argument under the principle of the "consistent ethic of life," initiation of the post-abortion reconciliation project, the actions of Catholic politicians, the filing of amicus curiae briefs, support of bishops for Operation Rescue, forums on abortion conducted by an Archbishop, the Catholic Statement on Pluralism and Abortion, targeting by bishops of pro-choice candidates for sanctions and excommunication, testimony and lobbying in opposition of the Freedom of Choice Act, false accusations about the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development leveled by bishops, lobbying by bishops in support of a ban on late-term abortions, lobbying to increase the access of low-income women to abortion, and consideration by the bishops of reinstituting "meatless Fridays" to express Catholic opposition to "attacks on human life and dignity." PMID:12178893

  10. Twenty-first century cultural and religious diversification of modernity: the example of the shamanic indigenisation of Roman Catholicism among Native American peoples in the Northwest of the United States

    Frédéric Dorel


    Full Text Available La modernité, tout comme l’anxiété croissante qu’elle génère, semble avoir encouragé et parfois provoqué une atomisation des phénomènes religieux loin du contrôle de la rationalité et des grandes religions classiques. Un exemple nous est donné par l’indigénisation chamanique des pratiques missionnaires de l’Eglise catholique parmi les Amérindiens du Nord-Ouest des Etats-Unis. Eléments indigènes locaux et éléments urbains indigénisés y sont associés dans la persistance et une invention culturelles et spirituelles caractérisées par l’innovation permanente. L’efficacité symbolique du chamanisme, intégrant plus que jamais les divers éléments de la modernité n’est pas à considérer comme une survivance pittoresque mais plutôt comme un outil d’avenir.Modernity and the growing global anxiety it has generated have fostered numbers of ancient and new worships liberated from the control of both rationality and the mainstream religions. An example is the growing shamanic indigenization of missionary Roman Catholicism by Native American communities in the Northwest of the United States. Indigenous and indigenised exogenous urban elements are locally associated in producing spiritual and cultural invention and persistence of tradition through change and innovation. The symbolic efficiency of shamanism integrating more than ever the different elements in modernity, should not be seen as a relic of the past, but as a powerful healing tool for the future.La modernidad y la ansiedad creciente que ésta genera, parecen haber animado y a veces provocado una atomización de los fenómenos religiosos lejos del control de la racionalidad y de las grandes religiones clásicas. Un ejemplo nos es dado por la « indigenización » chamánica de las prácticas misioneras de la Iglesia católica entre los Amerindios del Noroeste de los Estados Unidos. Elementos indígenas locales y elementos urbanos « indigenizados » son

  11. Pertença/Desafeição religiosa: recuperando antigo conceito para entender o catolicismo hoje (Religious belonging /disaffection: recover the old concept in order to understand Catholicism today - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1230

    Pedro Assis Ribeiro de Oliveira


    Full Text Available O artigo recupera o par conceitual pertença/desafeição religiosa, usado nas pesquisas de “sociologia religiosa” nas décadas de 1950 e 1960, para analisar os fatores da perda de fiéis pela igreja católica, como demonstra o Censo IBGE de 2010. Toma como referência dados de uma pesquisa realizada na região metropolitana de Belo Horizonte em 2012. Com base nessa pesquisa, demonstra que a diminuição de fiéis não se deve a conversão mas a simples trânsito do catolicismo a outra religião. A raiz da desafeição religiosa está na perda de fé na necessidade da mediação sacramental da Igreja para a salvação eterna e no caráter sacrificial da missa. Ela pode ser contrabalançada pelos laços familiares de pertença, mas também estes apresentam sinais de enfraquecimento. O artigo conclui afirmando que, no caso do catolicismo, a pertença religiosa supõe la��os afetivos, de fé e de compromisso pessoal do fiel com a igreja. Quando os três se enfraquecem, ocorre a desafeição religiosa propriamente dita. Palavras-chave: Pertença religiosa. Desafeição religiosa. Censo IBGE 2010. Belo Horizonte. Sociologia religiosa Abstract The article revisits the religious conceptual pair belonging / disaffection, used by the "sociology of religion" in the 1950s and 1960s, to analyze the factors of loss of faithful by Catholic Church, as shown in the 2010 census. The text is based on data from a survey conducted in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte in 2012. Based on this research, the article shows that the decrease of the faithful is not due to conversion but due to the mere transit of Catholicism to another religion. The root of religious disaffection is the loss of faith in the necessity of sacramental mediation of the Church for eternal salvation and in the sacrificial character of the mass. It can be counterbalanced by the family religious belonging, but data signs that they also are weakening. The article concludes that, in

  12. O conceito de romanização do catolicismo brasileiro e a abordagem histórica da Teologia da Libertação (The concept of Romanization of Brazilian Catholicism and the historical approach of the Liberation Theology - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n32p1485

    Maurício de Aquino


    Full Text Available A criação da Comisión para el Estudio de la Historia de la Iglesia en Latino América (CEHILA, no ano de 1973, na cidade de Quito, Equador, está umbilicalmente ligada ao nascimento da Teologia da Libertação em face da qual se apresenta, duplamente, como fundamento e expressão.  Considerando essa premissa, este artigo apresenta, problematiza e demonstra as relações entre a Teologia da Libertação e a história renovada da Igreja produzida pelo grupo CEHILA desde a análise histórica de livros considerados referenciais e, sobretudo, de artigos da Revista Eclesiástica Brasileira (REB, pertinentes ao conceito de romanização do catolicismo brasileiro – uma das noções centrais da produção historiográfica CEHILA com importante repercussão nacional e internacional. O artigo encerra-se com uma caracterização dos significados do conceito de romanização do catolicismo, as razões de sua adoção pelo grupo CEHILA e a defesa de que essa história renovada da Igreja pode ser considerada a mais bem-sucedida expressão da teologia libertadora latino-americana. Palavras-chave: Teologia da Libertação. CEHILA. Romanização. Igreja Católica. História do Brasil.  Abstract The creation of CEHILA [Comisión para el Estudio de la Historia de la Iglesia en Latino América], in 1973, in Quito, Ecuador, is inextricably linked to the birth to Liberation Theology in which it presents itself, doubly, as theoretical support and expression. Taking into account this premise the present article aims to discuss and demonstrate the relationship between Liberation Theology and the new history of the Catholic Church written by historians of CEHILA, mainly in the articles of REB (Revista Eclesiástica Brasileira, particularly about the concept of Romanization of Brazilian Catholicism – a key concept of historical production of CEHILA with significant national and international impact. Finally, there is a characterization of the meanings attributed

  13. Rediscovering our Catholicism: the Wood and the Trees

    O'Connell, Seamus


    Cliches and caricatures are part of our way of coping with reality. The summary and perspective they offer can provide a handle for new situations and experiences we encounter. They work precisely because they capture a key dimension of a reality. As a consequence, they are reductive and of necessity are both true and untrue. In the crisis in which the Catholic Church in Ireland finds itself, we risk taking refuge in cliches and in caricatures of our faith. When we lose t...

  14. Glocalizing Catholicism Through Musical Performance: Kampala Archdiocesan Post-Primary Schools Music Festivals

    Ssempijja, Nicholas


    This study examines the extent to which musical performances in the Kampala Archdiocesan Post Primary Schools Music Festivals serve both global and local interests of the Catholic Church. Considering music making as essential to the liturgical ritual process, I examine to what extent this entails global as well as local characteristics that enable it to achieve its purpose. I establish the level of influence that the Vatican has over the local church musical practices particula...

  15. Two Universities and Two Eras of Catholicism in China: Fu Jen University and Aurora University, 1903-1937

    Xian, Liu


    This paper compares Fu Jen University in Beijing and Aurora University in Shanghai--the two comprehensive Catholic universities located in the two largest cities of China in modern history--and analyzes four aspects: identity, educational idea, curriculum, and campus culture. It was found that the differences between Aurora and Fu Jen resulted…

  16. A European Culture War in the Twentieth Century? Antic-Catholicism and Anti-Bolshevism between Moscow, Berlin, and the Vatican 1922 to 1933

    Weir, Todd


    The term “culture war” has become a generic expression for secular-catholic conflicts across nineteenth-century Europe. Yet, if measured by acts of violence, anticlericalism peaked in the years between 1927 and 1939, when thousands of Catholic priests and believers were imprisoned or executed and hundreds of churches razed in Mexico, Spain and Russia. This essay argues that not only in these three countries, but indeed across Europe a culture war raged in the interwar period. It takes, as a c...

  17. Catholicism, Mary, and history : the coronation of the Holy Virgin of the Gate of Dawn in Vilnius (1927) as a performance of Polish remembering and Lithuanian forgetting processes

    Griffante, Andrea


    Paveikslų karūnavimas yra visame krikščionių pasaulyje paplitusi Dievo ir šventųjų garbinimo forma. Aušros vartų Švč. Mergelės Marijos paveikslo karūnavimas parodo, kad daugiakultūriuose ir daugiakalbiuose kontekstuose visai vietinei visuomenei žinomi simboliai galėjo tapti valdančiojo elito priemonėmis siekiant įpilietinti dar vis žemą nacionalinę sąmonę turinčius asmenis. Antrosios Žečpospolitos elitas pasitelkė Aušros vartų Švč. Mergelės Marijos karūnavimą kaip priemonę Marijos atminties f...

  18. Catholicism and Judaism in the Catholic Defence against Alfred Rosenberg, 1934—1938: Anti-Jewish Images in an Age of Race Science

    Ehret, Ulrike


    This article examines the images of Jews and Judaism in the popular Catholic defence against Alfred Rosenberg’s anticlericalism and ‘neo-paganism’ between 1934 and 1938. It contributes to the debate on Catholic attitudes to Jews, and National Socialist anti-Semitism and racism during the Third Reich. Looking at the grassroots level of this defence, the article demonstrates how the hierarchy communicated traditional religious views on Jews and Judaism to a Catholic public, taking into account ...

  19. Jeunes et religieux au Québec : du catholicisme ethnique au catholicisme de marché (Youth and religion in Québec: from ethnic catholicism to market catholicism - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n26p357

    Jean-Philippe Perreault


    Full Text Available S’intéressant à l’imaginaire religieux des jeunes Québécois, notre formulons l’hypothèse qu’après avoir été « religion nationale » jusqu’à la Révolution tranquille (1960-70 pour ensuite devenir une « religion culturelle » (1970-2000, le catholicisme québécois entrerait progressivement dans une nouvelle phase. S’il est trop tôt, à l’évidence, pour identifier les formes qu’il prendra, des indicateurs – tant locaux, mondiaux que « transreligieux » – nous permettent de constater l’émergence d’un catholicisme de marché chez les jeunes. Ainsi, l’exculturation (Hervieux-Léger, 2003 constatée au Québec comme ailleurs aurait son revers. Nous assisterions, simultanément, à une reconnexion du catholicisme à la culture de la société de consommation. En fait, ces mutations ne seraient pas tant des ruptures que des processus continus, en cascades, dont le déclencheur « originel » pourrait être associé au processus de modernisation qui s’opère dès la fin du XIXe siècle au Québec. Ainsi, bien que l’univers religieux des jeunes soit notre objet, nous tenions à inscrire notre exploration dans un regard plus large sur le religieux et la religion; et ce, pour mieux comprendre religieux et la jeunesse qui est toujours le produit d’une époque, une construction sociale dépendante du monde adulte.

  20. Is Brazil really a catholic country? What opinions about abortion, sex between individuals who are not married to each other, and homosexuality say about the meaning of catholicism in three Brazilian cities

    Luciene A. F de B. Longo; Paula Miranda-Ribeiro; Potter, Joseph E.; Ellison, Christopher G.


    The idea of being a Catholic country is quite widespread throughout the nation. What does it mean to be Catholic in Brazil? Do Catholics follow the Catholic Doctrine? The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between religion and religious involvement (measured by religious affiliation and service attendance) and opinions about abortion, sex between individuals who are not married to each other, and homosexuality in São Paulo, Porto Alegre, and Recife. Data come from the ...

  1. Devoções Populares no BRASIL: Contextualizando Algumas Obras das Ciências Sociais

    Andre Luiz da Silva


    The article gives an overview over approaches to popular Catholicism in Brazil published in the last quarter of the 20th century within the Social Sciences. It is common to these publications that they consider both popular Catholicism opposed to Catholicism of the elite and its religious practice dominated by the veneration of traditional saints. It is argued that these approaches shift from a religion-politics context to the religion-culture context. To exemplify the consequences of this sh...

  2. Religião e Catolicismo em Belo Horizonte: dados de pesquisa e leitura teológico-pastoral (Religion and Catholicism in Belo Horizonte: research data and interpretation theological-pastoral - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1255

    Roberlei Panasiewicz


    Full Text Available A dinamicidade do mundo atual chama a atenção. A rotatividade confronta-se com o permanente. Pensar ações pastorais no mundo atual supõe clara compreensão da realidade. Nesse sentido, a arquidiocese de Belo Horizonte encomendou uma pesquisa realizada em 2012 intitulada “Valores e religião na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte”. Essa reflexão pretende apresentar os dados dessa pesquisa e apontar desafios no âmbito teológico-pastoral. A pesquisa atesta a presença do pluralismo e da mobilidade religiosa e critica a falta de diálogo inter-religioso. Valoriza a moral social e questiona a moral sexual da Igreja Católica.  Apresenta satisfação em face as celebrações e sugere maior formação das lideranças religiosas. O grande desafio é pensar uma igreja toda ministerial. O diálogo entre clero e leigos deve ser uma constante, rompendo as centralizações. Revisitar a identidade eclesial, repensando os traços de sua especificidade e estando aberta à criatividade e ao espírito novo que deve conduzir o ser cristão é um desafio itinerante. Palavras-chave: Religião. Igreja Católica de Belo Horizonte. Identidade. Teologia. Pastoral.   Abstract The dynamics of today´s world calls our attention. Changes are confronted by permanence. To reflect on pastoral actions nowadays you need a clear understanding of reality. For this purpose, the Archdiocese of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, commissioned in 2012, a survey called “Values and religion in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte”. This article presents data from this survey and points out challenges in theological and pastoral sphere. This research confirms the presence of pluralism and religious mobility and criticizes the lack of inter-religious dialogue. It values the social morality and question the sexual morality of the Catholic Church. It also shows satisfaction concerning religious celebrations and suggests more training of religious leaders. The major challenges are to think of a whole ministerial church. The dialogue between clergy and laity should happen steadily, thus breaking the centralizations. The main challenge is to revisit the ecclesial identity, to rethink the traces of its specificity and open up to creativity and new demands that should drive all Christians. Key-words: Religion. Catholic Church of Belo Horizonte. Identity. Theology. Pastoral. 

  3. Foreign and Catholic: A Plea to Protestant Parents on the Dangers of Convent Education in Victorian England.

    Kollar, Rene


    Discusses Catholic convent schools in 19th century England. Focuses on a perceived viewpoint that Protestant females would convert to Catholicism if they were taught by Catholic nuns. Considered nuns as substandard teachers using poor curriculum. Concludes anti-Catholicism waned as a strong force during the early 20th century, minimizing criticism…

  4. Paměť biskupství slovem a obrazem 19. století. Biskupská pamětní kniha jako komplexní pramen k dějinám diecéze

    Bolom-Kotari, Sixtus; Bolom-Kotari, M.

    Červený Kostelec: Pavel Mervart, 2015 - (Polehla, P.), s. 83-105 ISBN 978-80-7465-160-1 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Catholicism * historical sources * architecture * sphragistics Subject RIV: AB - History

  5. Politický katolicismus v poválečné době (1945-1948)

    Pehr, Michal

    Brno : Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2008, s. 325-368 ISBN 978-80-7325-155-0 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : Czechoslovakia * history * political catholicism Subject RIV: AB - History

  6. 75 FR 71669 - Sunshine Act Notice


    .... Update on Status of Briefing on Disparate Impact in School Discipline Policies. Update on Sex.... Approval of School Choice, the Blaine Amendments and Anti- Catholicism Briefing Report. Approval of...

  7. Andrej Hlinka a Jan Šrámek - dvě osobnosti politického katolicizmu první ČSR

    Pehr, Michal

    Martin : Matica Slovenská, 2009, s. 216-225 ISBN 978-80-7090-951-5 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : Czechoslovakia, 1918-1938 * political catholicism * Hlinka, Andrej Subject RIV: AB - History

  8. Leopold Prečan v kontextu obrodných církevních snah, politických zápasů a střetávání národních identit v meziválečné ČSR

    Šebek, Jaroslav

    Olomouc: Centrum Aletti Velehrad - Roma, 2007, s. 140-153. ISBN 978-80-86715-77-3 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : church history * catholicism * nationalism Subject RIV: AB - History

  9. The Catholic Bishops and the Rise of Evangelical Catholics

    Patricia Miller


    White Catholics are increasingly trending toward the Republican Party, both as voters and candidates. Many of these Republican-leaning Catholics are displaying a more outspoken, culture-war oriented form of Catholicism that has been dubbed Evangelical Catholicism. Through their forceful disciplining of pro-choice Catholics and treatment of abortion in their quadrennial voting guides, as well as their emphasis on “religious liberty”, the U.S. bishops have played a major role in the rise of the...

  10. The Catholic Bishops and the Rise of Evangelical Catholics

    Patricia Miller


    Full Text Available White Catholics are increasingly trending toward the Republican Party, both as voters and candidates. Many of these Republican-leaning Catholics are displaying a more outspoken, culture-war oriented form of Catholicism that has been dubbed Evangelical Catholicism. Through their forceful disciplining of pro-choice Catholics and treatment of abortion in their quadrennial voting guides, as well as their emphasis on “religious liberty”, the U.S. bishops have played a major role in the rise of these Evangelical Catholics.

  11. L'Eglise catholique et les églises dans le régime français de laÏcité

    Perrin, Anne


    This study aims to analyze the nowadays situation of the Catholic Church in the French society by studying the management and the use of the catholic churches, out in the field. This analyze take two main factors in account : the legal status of the worship places in France (above all the one of the catholic churches) and the recent history of catholicism. The legal status of churches is defined by the legal system stemmed from the law of 9th december 2005. The history of the catholicism is m...

  12. The Originality of Chicano Literature: A Comparison with Contemporary Mexican Writing.

    Lyon, Ted

    During the last 15 years, Chicano literature has not only repeated some of the topics of Mexican literature, but has added many more. Similar to Mexican literature, Chicano literature deals with: the pains, trials, and common experiences of childhood; the loss of religion, as traditional Catholicism confronts the changing needs and desires of the…

  13. Die Marieverehrung in den böhmischen Ländern vor und nch 1989 - Inspiration und Konflikte

    Šebek, Jaroslav

    Köln: Böhlau, 2014 - (Gąsior, A.), s. 129-143. (Visuelle Geschichtskultur. 10). ISBN 978-3-412-21077-9. [Maria in der Krise. Kultpraxis zwischen Konfession und Politik in Ostmitteleuropa. München (DE), 25.06.2007-27.06.2007] Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Communism * Spirituality * Catholicism Subject RIV: AB - History

  14. The Art of Sacred Music.

    O'Connor, Mary Alice


    Examines the place of liturgical music in Catholicism. Discusses the importance of music in worship, of music education in Catholic schools, and of efforts to include music in the curriculum. Suggests that expert guidance in evaluating liturgical music is required to assist those who may lack music literacy. (13 citations) (AJL)

  15. The Catholic Doctrine and Its Application to the Social Conditions in the 1930s – the Encyclical “Quadagesimo anno” and the Corporate State Concept

    Šebek, Jaroslav

    Praha: Historický ústav, 2014 - (Zudová-Lešková, Z.; Voráček, E.), s. 258-277 ISBN 978-80-7286-216-0 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Corporatism * Catholicism * Pius XI. Subject RIV: AB - History

  16. Franciscan missionaries in Goa

    Rubens Leonardo Panegassi


    This is the recently published book review; FARIA, Patricia de Souza. The conquest of the eastern souls: Franciscans, Catholicism and colonial power in Portuguese Goa (1540-1740). Rio de Janeiro: 7 Letters, 2013. The book deals with the presinça the Franciscan missions in Goa in the first modernity.

  17. Franciscan missionaries in Goa

    Rubens Leonardo Panegassi


    Full Text Available This is the recently published book review; FARIA, Patricia de Souza. The conquest of the eastern souls: Franciscans, Catholicism and colonial power in Portuguese Goa (1540-1740. Rio de Janeiro: 7 Letters, 2013. The book deals with the presinça the Franciscan missions in Goa in the first modernity.

  18. 怒江:多种宗教共存和谐相处



    One of the outstanding characteristics of Nujiang is the harmony among four major religious beliefs,all signifi cantly present.The historical freedom of religion in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture means that Christianity,Catholicism,Buddhism and Taoism are here.For historical and practical reasons as well as the policy on equality of nationality,the religions peacefully coexist.

  19. The Society of Jesus and the Missionary Experience of Father Matteo Ricci in China between "Reformatio Ecclesiae" and Inculturalisation of the Gospel

    Sani, Roberto


    Sustained by rich archival and published material, this paper describes the experience of Father Matteo Ricci in China in the perspective of the general evolution of the Church and European Catholicism between the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries. Father Matteo Ricci's missionary works are re-read in the light of the more complex urgencies…

  20. 20. stoletím s čistým štítem i utkvělými představami. Růžena Vacková

    Gjuričová, Adéla

    Brno : Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2006 - (Marek, P.; Hanuš, J.), 546-556 ISBN 80-7325-097-7 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80630520 Keywords : political prisoners - Catholicism - Czech political thought Subject RIV: AB - History

  1. Moral Education or Political Education in the Vietnamese Educational System?

    Doan, Dung Hue


    Vietnam has experienced the influences of different social standards and values of Confucianism, Communism and several major religions, such as Buddhism and Catholicism, and has also undergone tremendous social change in recent decades. Consequently, moral education in present-day Vietnam takes various forms and definitions. Nowadays, moral…

  2. Religion and Government in Other Countries. Church, State and the First Amendment: A North Carolina Dialogue.

    Livingston, James C., Ed.

    This anthology provides an introduction to a variety of theories about and historical types of church-state relations, past and present. It provides foreign models against which citizens can judge the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. constitutional arrangements. The analysis looks at Catholicism, Islam, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Judaism, and the…

  3. Biopolíticas en el mundo ibérico contemporáneo

    Vázquez García, Francisco


    Review of Cayuela Sánchez, S.: Por la grandeza de la patria. La biopolítica en la España de Franco (1939-1975) (México, FCE, 2014) and Cleminson, R.: Catholicism, race and empire. Eugenics in Portugal (1900-1950) (Budapest-New York, Central European University Press, 2014)

  4. Traditional and New Enhancing Human Cybernetic and Nanotechnological Body Modification Technologies: A Comparative Study of Roman Catholic and Transhumanist Ethical Approaches

    Caligiuri, Michael J.

    Advances in cybernetic and nanotechnological body modifications currently allow for enhancements to human physical and mental function which exceed human species-based norms. This thesis examines body modification and human enhancement from two perspectives---Roman Catholicism and Transhumanism--- in order to contribute to bioethical deliberations regarding enhancement technologies. Roman Catholicism has a longstanding tradition of bioethical discourse, informing the healthcare directives of Roman Catholic institutions. Transhumanism is more recent movement that endorses body modifications and human enhancements as a means of individual betterment and social evolution. The thesis first considers definitions of human enhancement and levels of normalcy in connection to cybernetic and nanotechnological bionic implants, and outlines a series of criteria to assess a technology's potential bioethical acceptability: implantability, permanency, power, and public interaction. The thesis then describes Roman Catholicism's response to non-enhancing decorative body modifications (cosmetic surgeries, common decorative modifications such as tattoos and piercings, and uncommon modifications such as scarifications and brandings) in order to establish a basis for possible Roman Catholic responses to enhancing cybernetic and nanotechnological modifications. This is followed by an analysis from a Roman Catholic perspective of the major social issues brought forward by enhancement technologies: commodification, eugenics, vulnerability, and distributive justice. Turning to Transhumanism, the thesis describes the origins and philosophy of the movement, and then discusses the bioethical principles it advances with regard to human enhancement. The thesis concludes by locating points of convergence between Transhumanism and Roman Catholicism that could be the basis of more widely accepted ethical guidelines regarding modification technologies.

  5. Literacy as Magic: The Role of Oral and Written Texts in the Santeria Religious Community.

    Gelb, Richard G.

    Santeria is a religion which originated in West Africa and evolved from the syncretism of the culture of the Yoruba people with Catholicism in Cuba. Juanita, who was born in Puerto Rico and taught herself how to read and write, owns a "botanica," a retail shop specializing in Santeria paraphernalia. Juanita is a santera (priestess) in her…

  6. Christianity and Political Thought: Augusto Del Noce and the Ideology of Christian Democracy in Post-War Italy

    Thomassen, Bjørn; Forlenza, Rosario


    This article engages with the thought of Augusto Del Noce (1910-1989), the most important Italian Catholic philosopher and political thinker of the twentieth century. The focus is on how Del Noce came to elaborate a Catholic ‘modernity,’ bridging a positive encounter between Catholicism, democracy...

  7. Marmaggiho aféra pohledem Eduarda Jelena

    Pehr, Michal


    Roč. 180, 1/2 (2011), s. 12-32. ISSN 1214-0627 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA409/08/0121 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : Czechoslovakia, 1918-1938 * Catholicism * Marmaggi Subject RIV: AB - History

  8. Catholic Modernity and the Italian Constitution

    Thomassen, Bjørn; Forlenza, Rosario


    give direction to the very idea of political modernity, bridging a positive encounter between Catholicism, democracy, and freedom. The specific argument is embedded within a larger aim to recognize attempts within Catholic philosophy and political thought to articulate a trajectory that moved away from...

  9. Der Majestätsbrief im Denken der katholischen Barockgesellschaft in Böhmen

    Mikulec, Jiří

    Stuttgart : Franz Steiner Verlag, 2014 - (Hausenblasová, J.; Mikulec, J.; Thomsen, M.), s. 225-236 ISBN 978-3-515-10609-2. - (Forschungen zur Geschichte und Kultur des östlichen Mitteleuropa. 46) Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Letter of Majesty * Catholicism * Bohemia Subject RIV: AB - History

  10. Die deutschen katholischen Parlamentarier in der Ersten Tschechoslowakischen Republik im Spannungsfeld zwischen staatlichen und nationalen Loyalitäten

    Šebek, Jaroslav

    Düsseldorf : Droste, 2015 - (Conrad, B.; Kusber, J.; Maner, H.), s. 137-155 ISBN 978-3-7700-5327-8. - (Beiträge zur Geschichte des Parlamentarismus und der politischen Parteien. 170) Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Political Catholicism * Nationalism * Church history Subject RIV: AB - History

  11. Christianity and Political Thought

    Thomassen, Bjørn; Forlenza, Rosario


    This article engages with the thought of Augusto Del Noce (1910-1989), the most important Italian Catholic philosopher and political thinker of the twentieth century. The focus is on how Del Noce came to elaborate a Catholic ‘modernity,’ bridging a positive encounter between Catholicism, democrac...




    This essay examines arguments made by American Catholics that “Catholicity” promoted progress and that Catholic morality was essential to capitalist societies. These arguments developed in two contexts: as responses to charges that “popery” caused poverty; and in debates over relationships between Catholicism and capitalism. Articulate Catholics compared the social and economic conditions of Catholic and Protestant nations, and argued that the former were preferable. Only the Church, they ins...

  13. Religie a biznes

    Gasparski, Wojciech


    Paper is devoted to the ethical issues of business as considered from the points of view of main religions: Christianity – Catholicism and Protestantism – as well as Judaism and Islam. Ethos of Hinduism and the Caux Round Table efforts to disseminate its principles in cooperation with the world of religion are also mentioned. John Paul II’s and Benedict XVI’s addresses to business leaders are recalled. Suggestion to establish partnership relations between clergymen and business pe...

  14. La condena de Le Sillon, un episodio de la crisis modernista, 25 agosto 1910

    Robles Muñoz, Cristóbal


    The modernist crisis can be studied from the same modernist and from the position against those who attacked accusing them of plotting against Catholicism. Can be analyzed the opposition against this plan and strategy of their opponents. This paper studies it. Analyzes pressures led to the conviction of Le Sillon the August 25, 1910, with existing documentation in the Vatican Secret Archives. It provides the information collects and accepts by the encyclical of Pope Pius X. The Holy See disso...

  15. 'Protestantism' as a historical category.

    Ryrie, Alec


    The term ‘Protestant’ itself is a historical accident, but the category of western Christians who have separated from Rome since 1517 remains a useful one. The confessionalisation thesis, which has dominated recent Reformation historiography, instead posits the two major Protestant confessions and Tridentine Catholicism as its categories, but this can produce a false parallelism in which the nature of relationship between the confessions is oversimplified. Instead, this paper proposes we thin...

  16. The neocriticism of Henri Bois

    Randriamanantena, Herimino Paoly


    The neocriticism of Henri Bois is part of the French Neocriticism, founded by Charles Renouvier and François Pillon, whose stated purpose was to provide a philosophy and a moral to the French Republic. Protestantism was for them an alternative religion to Catholicism, as well as it was Kant's religion. Bois thinks this criticist legacy can provide the foundations of a theological renewal of French Protestantism. The Bois' neocriticism is characterized essentially by two points: a conception o...

  17. Building the New Man

    Cassata, Francesco


    Based on previously unexplored archival documentation, this book offers the first general overview of the history of Italian eugenics, not limited to the decades of Fascist regime, but instead ranging from the beginning of the 1900s to the first half of the 1970s. The Author discusses several fundamental themes of the comparative history of eugenics: the importance of the Latin eugenic model; the relationship between eugenics and fascism; the influence of Catholicism on the eugenic discourse...

  18. Substitution and Stigma: Evidence on Religious Markets from the Catholic Sex Abuse Scandal

    Daniel M. Hungerman


    This paper considers substitution between charitable activities in the context of religious practice by examining the Catholic Church sex abuse scandal's impact on both Catholic and non-Catholic religiosity. I find a fall in the Catholic population compensated by increases in non-Catholic participation and nonaffiliation. Back-of-the-envelope calculations suggest the scandal generated about $3 billion dollars in donations to non-Catholic faiths. Those leaving Catholicism frequently chose diss...

  19. Mieszanie krwi

    Śnieżko, Dariusz


    The article discusses Jewish conversions to Catholicism in Poland before 1795, presenting the issue from the perspective of discourses of anthropology, religion, and, importantly, class stratification, with reference to the most important European contexts. The survey of source texts includes selected authors, such as Wacław Potocki or Walerian Nekanda Trepka, allowing for an introductory sketch of relations between the idea of nobility, anti-Judaism, and antisemitism.

  20. Blood Mixing

    Dariusz Śnieżko


    The article discusses Jewish conversions to Catholicism in Poland before 1795, presenting the issue from the perspective of discourses of anthropology, religion, and, importantly, class stratification, with reference to the most important European contexts. The survey of source texts includes selected authors, such as Wacław Potocki or Walerian Nekanda Trepka, allowing for an introductory sketch of relations between the idea of nobility, anti-Judaism, and antisemitism.

  1. Temporal evolution of adherents of the major religions in Mexico: Avrami model application-Kolgomorov solid training

    Avilés, Mauricio González; Campuzano, Hermelinda Servín


    It applies a mathematical model of solid formation, the model of Avrami-Kolgomorov [Ausloos & Petroni, 2007] to model the time evolution of percentage of adherents of the major religions practiced in Mexico, adjusting the corresponding parameters with available records in the period from 1950 to 2000 [Molina-Hernandez, 2003; INEGI, 2005]. A comparison is made with the application of the model to global trends and concludes that Catholicism is in a marked disaggregation and trends of Christian...


    Joannides, Vassili; Berland, Nicolas


    International audience Our paper addresses what the moral foundations of accounting are, regardless of capitalistic operations, as we are seeking to trace a genealogy of accounting thinking disconnected from coincidence with Capitalism. We demonstrate that the three monotheisms have bared the core of accounting. We purport to explicate how the three monotheisms (Judaism, Christianity divided into Roman Catholicism and Protestantisms, and Islam) have successively revealed the nature of acco...

  3. The Protestant Ethic and Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Religious Minorities from the Former Holy Roman Empire

    Nunziata, Luca; Rocco, Lorenzo


    We propose a new methodology for identifying the causal effect of Protestantism versus Catholicism on the decision to become an entrepreneur. Our quasi-experimental research design exploits religious minorities' strong attachment to religious ethics and the exogenous historical determination of religious minorities' geographical distribution in the regions of the former Holy Roman Empire in the 1500s. We analyse European Social Survey data, collected in four waves between 2002 and 2008, and f...

  4. Eugenics and Social Security in France before and after the Vichy Regime

    Rosental, Paul-André


    Historiography of French eugenics has long been hindered by a mechanistic conception derived from history of ideas, which postulated that it was incompatible with pronatalism and catholicism, with republicanism and Lamarckism; and that it simply collapsed after World War II. The reference to the transnational model of «Latin eugenics» redirects the thinking around a more plastic definition of eugenics that stresses its connections with social hygiene, in order to better understand the convers...

  5. L'union avec Christ chez Calvin : être sauvé et vivre en Christ

    Kim, Sun Kwon


    To justify the Reformation against Catholicism, Calvin as a reformer of the second generation, had to establish two basic principles: the "certainty of salvation" and "morality of salvation," in other words, justification" and sanctification". To do this, Calvin took the notion of union or of communion with Christ as the central idea. Conceming the subject of union with Christ, my thesis aims to solve two problems: First, what is the nature of union with Christ in Calvin's theology ? Second, ...

  6. Los católicos globales. El primer sondeo global del catolicismo mundial según el “World Values Survey” y el “European Social Survey”

    Tausch, Arno; Ghymers, Christian


    This empirical study about global Catholicism, based on the data of the World Values Survey and the European Social Survey, starts with a philosophical introduction by Christian Ghymers (Brussels) on the Roman Catholic Church and Enlightenment. The essence of Ghymers’ proposal to democratize the Roman Catholic Church – the ultima ratio of this book - , is based on the ideas of the precursor of the emancipation of Latin America, Francisco de Miranda. According to figures from the World Va...

  7. Los católicos globales. El primer sondeo global del catolicismo mundial según el “World Values Survey” y el “European Social Survey”

    Tausch, Arno; Ghymers, Christian


    This empirical study about global Catholicism, based on the data of the World Values Survey and the European Social Survey, starts with a philosophical introduction by Christian Ghymers (Brussels) on the Roman Catholic Church and Enlightenment. The essence of Ghymers’ proposal to democratize the Roman Catholic Church – the ultima ratio of this book - , is based on the ideas of the precursor of the emancipation of Latin America, Francisco de Miranda. According to figures from the World Values ...

  8. Entre religiões e negócios, a sobrevivência

    Tavares, Maria José Ferro


    When king Manuel I proclaimed the religious unity, defining Roman Catholicism as the only religion allowed in Portugal and imposing that Jews and Moors should be baptized or leave the kingdom, he was far from imagining that his religious politic would be unsuccessful in many cases. In spite having been baptized and attending church services, many of these former Jews and former Moors still maintained their ancestral faith inside their homes or in their own conscience. Praying to the God of...

  9. El estudio de los nuevos cristianismos en América Latina: las instituciones y la emergencia de una comunidad científica

    Uribe, Guillermo


    Catholicism has lost its monopoly among religions in Latin America. Among the new religious movements, the article focuses on research on new forms of Christianity. [ES] El catolicismo ha perdido el monopolio entre las religiones de América Latina. Entre los nuevos movimientos religiosos, el artículo se centra en la investigación sobre las nuevas formas del cristianismo.

  10. Silêncios e diálogos: o catolicismo e a defesa dos direitos sociais e humanos ante à intolerância política da ditadura militar no Brasil (1964-1985

    Lucília de Almeida Neves


    Full Text Available Os anos 1964-1985 se caracterizam pela mobilização popular e pela emergência de uma poderosa vontade de mudança social. Queria-se uma libertação das opressões históricas que a maioria do povo vinha sofrendo. Paradoxalmente, foi um tempo de autoritarismo e desrespeito aos direitos sociais e humanos. Este trabalho pretende analisar o movimento do catolicismo brasileiro, especialmente sua luta por esses direitos. Diversos aspectos atuam e influenciam no contexto político-religioso desse período. A reconstrução do significado desse movimento valeu-se de ampla documentação. Apesar dos entraves e das limitações, o catolicismo fez seu percurso e assinalou um passo importante na trajetória histórica desse período. Na compreensão e análise desse caminho, está a proposta deste estudo.Palabras clave: Catolicismo; Direitos sociais e humanos.ABSTRACTThe years 1964-1985 were characterised by popular mobilisation and the emergence of a powerful wish for social change, in the sence of a liberation from historical oppressions suffered by most people. Paradoxically, it was a time of authoritarianism and disregard for social and human rights. This paper aims at analysing the movemnt of Brazilian Catholicism, especially its fight for those rights. Various aspects play a part in and influence the political and religious context of that period. A wide range of documents was used for reconstructing the meaning of that movement. Despite hindrances and constraints, Catholicism made its way and pointed out an important step in the historical development of the period. This paper aims at understanding and analysing that way.Key words: Catholicism; Social and human rights.

  11. Understanding the Irony: Canadian Gay Men Living with HIV/AIDS, Their Catholic Devotion, and Greater Well-being.

    Liboro, Renato M; Walsh, Richard T G


    Nine Canadian Catholic HIV-positive gay men were interviewed to obtain a better understanding of why and how they were able to persevere in their faith despite their religion's teachings against homosexuality and contributions to the stigmatization of HIV/AIDS. By examining the lived experiences and personal perspectives of the participants, the study aimed to explore and elucidate the significant role of Catholicism and the Catholic Church both as a continued source of marginalization and oppression, as well as strength and support, for Canadian gay men living with HIV/AIDS today. PMID:26160146

  12. Piotr Skarga w publicystyce rokoszu Zebrzydowskiego

    Baczewski Sławomir


    The attitude of Piotr Skarga toward occurrences from the years 1606–1609 was defined by his political opinions, which bases were monarchism and Catholicism of the Counter Reformation. In the discussed time Skarga voiced his opinions in three works. His invectives had a little in common with the truth. The main invective regarding the “rebels” concerned the crime against the Roman Catholic Church. The remaining matters were only an addendum of the main issue. Meanwhile, for the “rebels” mo...

  13. Fish for peasants and kings - a Danish perspective

    Kristiansen, Mette Svart


    Fish played an important role in medieval Europe. It formed the basis of a food culture influenced by Catholicism and was a central commodity in the national and international network of trade. Fish of all sorts held a prominent position on the dining tables of peasants as well as kings. Household...... fish trade, and it furthermore adds knowledge on the industry of salting and gilling herring as well as the less well-know local fishing. The famous salted herring from the autumn market at Scania in the eastern part of Denmark was an expensive high quality product developed by Lübeck and an important...

  14. Misiones del racionalismo: Rosario de Acuña en la prensa librepensadora

    Díaz-Marcos, Ana María


    Rosario de Acuña’s articles and essays in the freethinking press illustrate her radical and heterodox writing and criticism of Catholicism. The writer supported the free-thinking cause and stressed that women should actively participate in the debate. The gender perspective connects the two main intellectual concerns of this writer who believed that the emancipation of women and religious liberty were the two burning issues of the age. Acuña wrote numerous essays and articles that actively de...

  15. Tolkien & Lewis. How Tolkien and Lewis present their religion in their writings

    Einar Kristinn Þorsteinsson 1987


    Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings and Lewis’ Chronicles of Narnia are two classics in the fantasy genre profoundly influenced by the Christian religion. The two authors were differently brought up in the Christian faith. Lewis had a rather dull Christian upbringing which resulted in his conversion to atheism. Tolkien lost his mother as a young boy. He blamed the religious oppression resulting from his mother´s conversion to Catholicism for her death. This made Tolkien into a devout Catholic. Later ...

  16. Escenario discursivo y signifi cados implícitos en una guía ‘para los verdaderos viajeros’: el caso de la Guía Azul de Zaragoza

    Giovanni Garofalo


    Full Text Available This study focuses on the manipulation strategies used in the ‘construction’ of the tourist destination, emphasizing the evolution of some myths indicated by Barthes (catholicism, the imperial past, the concept of ‘Spanish nation’. Actually, some recent guides hint at the rising of a fresh mythology in which local particularism and the century-old desire for self-governance plays an essential role. After outlining the ‘scenography’ or representation model, the suggested analysis aims to prove that both the image of the place and the discursive memory are refl ected in the text through implicit meaning,such as presupposition and irony.

  17. "Natural family planning": effective birth control supported by the Catholic Church.

    Ryder, R E


    During 20-22 September Manchester is to host the 1993 follow up to last year's "earth summit" in Rio de Janeiro. At that summit the threat posed by world overpopulation received considerable attention. Catholicism was perceived as opposed to birth control and therefore as a particular threat. This was based on the notion that the only method of birth control approved by the church--natural family planning--is unreliable, unacceptable, and ineffective. In the 20 years since E L Billings and co...

  18. Ideas religiosas del Maestro Bartolomé Jiménez Patón (1569-1640) en El Virtuoso Discreto [c.1629-1631

    Garau, Jaume


    In the manuscript of El virtuoso discreto [The Virtuous Discreet Man], the humanist and grammarian Bartolomé Jiménez Patón reveals himself to be a zealous defender of orthodoxy. This work, formulated as a complement to his pedagogical duties as Professor of Eloquence, manifests its author’s purpose of participating in the religious controversy of his times, particularly in those fundamental aspects that distance Tridentine Catholicism from Lutheranism. Thus, part of the work is dedicated to a...

  19. [A comparative study on the ethics of Western and traditional Chinese medicine].

    Zhang, Ming-xue; Liu, Sheng


    The ethics of Western medicine and that of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) developed separately in their own ways. The formation and development of ancient medical ethics of China were extensively and deeply influenced by Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and other religious thought, while the ancient ethic basis of western society was influenced by traditional Judaism, Christianism, Catholicism and other natural philosophical thinking of ancient Greece and Rome. With the progress of medical and life sciences, the medical ethics begins to transfer into the life ethics, thus giving rise to new questions in the ethics of Western medicine and TCM. PMID:19141202

  20. La política social y familiar en la obra de Severino Aznar

    Ester Bódalo Lozano


    Severino Aznar, a sociologist and expert on social policy, he lived in an age marked by great changes in all areas of the emerging society of the twentieth century. Catholic and profound commitment was part of the movement called the “social Catholicism,” whose precursor was Father Vincent de Paul. His constant concern and all efforts were concentrated on the fight for the rights of the lower classes always inspired in church teaching. Director General of the National Insurance Institute (wit...

  1. Storiografia cattolica tedesca e Shoah: Memoria religiosa e politica della storia / German Catholic Historiography and the Holocaust: Religious Memory and Politics of Remembrance

    Faggioli, Massimo


    Full Text Available The essay addresses and examines the approach of Catholic historians to the Shoah between the 1950s and the beginning of the 21st century in Germany. The relationship between German historiography and the Catholic perception of the Shoah is crucial to understanding the relationship between the post-World War II cultural landscape in Germany and what this German Catholic culture gave to contemporary Catholicism. This legacy is even more important since the Catholic Church elected a German pope in 2005, after the long pontificate of John Paul II, which was decisive in reshaping the historical and theological understanding of the Shoah.

  2. From Irish Wig Rebel to Bourbon Diplomat: The Life and Career of Nathaniel Hooke (1664-1738)

    Byrne, Thomas


    This thesis examines the career of Nathaniel Hooke (1664-1738). Born to an Anglo-Irish Protestant family in Dublin, he became involved with Whig radicals opposed to Charles II and James II in 1680s England. Hooke was the only Irish participant in Monmouth's rebellion in 1685. After experiencing defeat and exile he surrendered and was pardoned by James II in 1688. Converting to Catholicism, he remained loyal to James II, serving in his entourage in Ireland and France until 1700. In 1702, on th...

  3. Temporal evolution of adherents of the major religions in Mexico: Avrami model application-Kolgomorov solid training

    Avilés, Mauricio González


    It applies a mathematical model of solid formation, the model of Avrami-Kolgomorov [Ausloos & Petroni, 2007] to model the time evolution of percentage of adherents of the major religions practiced in Mexico, adjusting the corresponding parameters with available records in the period from 1950 to 2000 [Molina-Hernandez, 2003; INEGI, 2005]. A comparison is made with the application of the model to global trends and concludes that Catholicism is in a marked disaggregation and trends of Christianity in Mexico are similar to global.

  4. Church Orientations in Central and Eastern Europe

    Laužikas, Rimvydas

    The objective of this case study is to discuss church orientation in Central and Eastern Europe. Due to its geographical situation, this region is a specific part of European cultural space: it is remote from the main cultural centers, it was the last to adopt Christianity, and it experienced intensive interactions with Byzantine culture. Therefore, we can assess church orientation in Central and Eastern Europe as a tradition affected by multicultural interactions and in which there is an interlacement of Catholicism from Western Europe, Byzantinism, local pagan faiths and, in part, the ideas of conception of geographical space of the Jews, Karaites, and Muslims.

  5. "Vive l'Angleterre": Exploring the Relationship between Britain and Europe in Charlotte Brontë's Novels

    Strand, Sunniva Sveino


    The purpose of this thesis is to explore the complex relationship Charlotte Brontë s novels have with Europe. It will examine how religion, sexuality and morality, and language are used in order to create a British identity that is contrasted to a European one, but also how these binaries are broken down via the romantic unions of British and European characters and the appeal of certain aspects of Catholicism, European sexuality and the French language. The role of Europe has often been over...

  6. Catolicismo y prensa en el siglo xix colombiano: compleja inserción de la Iglesia en la modernidad

    William Elvis Plata Quezada


    Full Text Available This article aims to study the religious and political role played by the press to Colombian Catholicism in the nineteenth century. It exposes several hypotheses. The first: in the nineteenth century, the press went from being a marginal instrument for Colombian Catholicism, to become, at the end of the century, a bastion for the Church Romanization, political and religious struggle, catechetical activity and still, social control. Derived from the first hypothesis, it suggests that, despite being permeated by currents mostly traditionalists, the Catholic Church, to decide to use the press for public debate, adopted modern positions, joining a fundamental aspect of modernity: public discussion between proposed different world, society and politics, discussion involving external and internal debate on the definition of “identity” Catholic, which involved several positions and currents. Methodologically was used a hermeneutic - historical analysis of Colombian religious press, the statistical interpretation of the religious press in the archives and libraries of the country and the corresponding application of the critic of sources.

  7. Presentación

    Bianchi, Susana


    Full Text Available Since the end of de latter military dictatorship in 1983, the history of the Catholicism in Argentina ceased to be a matter concerning only to the Catholic historians to enter in the academic ground. This situation permitted the development of new perspectives and renewal theoretical and methodological views. But, despite the advances realised, there are still many gaps, as happen in the case of the religious minorities. This dossier present some lines of research developed in the last years concerning to the history of the Catholicism.

    Desde fines la última dictadura militar, la historia del catolicismo dejó de ser una cuestión confesional para ingresar en el ámbito académico. Esto permitió el desarrollo de nuevas perspectivas y nuevos planteos teóricos y metodológicos. A pesar de los avances, aún quedan vacíos. Uno de ellos es el estudio de las minorías religiosas que integran el campo religioso argentino. Este dossier presenta algunas de las últimas líneas de investigación.

  8. Shades of Venice in the Biography of Hegumen Pallady Rogovsky

    Alexey Yastrebov


    Full Text Available Pallady Rogovsky was the first Russian doctor of theology and philosophy. While a student of the Slavyano-Greek-Latin Academy directed by the Brothers Lichudes, he left his homeland for the West in order to obtain a full university education. The years which he spent in Europe and particularly in Italy have attracted little notice on the part of Church historians. The study of unpublished materials in Italian archives together with those already published by the Russian researcher E. Shmurlo from the archive of the Propaganda de Fide and the Greek College, which however, remain unnoticed for the great majority of academics, permit us to have an idea of what occupied Rogovsky during this time, as well as to draw a more precise portrait of his personality. Most remarkable is the fact of his priestly ordination in the Roman Catholic Church and the correspondence relating to Rome’s acceptance of his Russian Orthodox diaconal ordination. One of the most informative documents found among those relating to his ordination and addressed to the Roman Curia is the letter of a Russian Catholic, the deacon (later defrocked Petr Artem’ev, in which Artem’ev revealed that Rogovsky already had converted to Roman Catholicism before he left Russia. Equally noteworthy is Rogovsky’s own letter which he composed while in Venice and in which he formulated his plans for the propagation of Roman Catholicism in Russia

  9. Juventude, militância e fé (Youth, militancy and faith - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n30p657

    Wellington Teodoro da Silva


    Full Text Available Esse artigo espera contribuir para a compreensão da relação entre a religião e a política. Por meio da análise tipológica e do recurso metodológico da história oral temática elaboramos o seu ambiente teórico. Estudamos os jovens inseridos na Pastoral da Juventude do Meio Popular entre meados das décadas de 1980 e 1990, na região industrial de Belo Horizonte – Brasil. Estes jovens são representantes do grande movimento religioso conhecido como cristianismo da libertação de larga e profunda repercussão na história política e religiosa da república brasileira da segunda metade do século XX. Nossa compreensão situa-se na passagem do catolicismo tradicional para o catolicismo internalizado experimentado por esses jovens e suas famílias no processo de migração das áreas rurais para a jovem área urbana. Vale dizer que os fragmentos de entrevistas citadas foram realizadas por nós para a pesquisa que deu vaga a esse artigo. Palavras-chaves: Juventude. Religião e política. Esquerda católica brasileira.  Catolicismo   Abstract This article aims to contribute to the understanding of the relationship between religion and politics. The theoretical environment of this research has been prepared by analyzing typological and methodological resource of oral history. For this purpose, we studied the young participants of the Youth Ministry of the "lower middle class" between the mid 1980s and 1990 in the industrial region of Belo Horizonte - Brazil. These young people represent a religious movement known as liberation Christianity, with profound repercussions in the political and religious history of the Brazilian republic of the second half of the twentieth century. The scope of this study lies in the transition from traditional Catholicism to the form of Catholicism internalized and experienced by these young people and their families in the process of migration from rural to urban areas. The fragments of interviews cited were

  10. On the Historical Status of the WritingonMaking Friends from Matteo Ricci%论利玛窦《交友论》的历史地位



    利玛窦撰著中文版的《交友论》,是西方文化与中国本土文化相融通的尝试,亦即西方文化植根化的行为表现。论著借以文本实践的方式,首次涵盖以耶释儒、以耶超儒的内容,界定了上层路线的传教方式。再者,《交友论》以其文化植根化的精神要义,影响耶稣会士卫匡国的撰著《逑友篇》。二者表面上作“交友原则”的理解,实际上采用自然神学的教义论证方法,行诉诸古儒、传播天主教义之实。总而言之,《交友论》奠定教义上入教的基础,以此彰显论著的历史地位。%Matteo Ricci issued a Chinese edition of writing on Making Friends, which was both trying to make converge western culture with Chinese native culture, and was the manifestation that western culture was rooted in the thought of Chinese Confucians. Besides, the book, with the method of textual practice, firstly dealt with some matters, such as seeking the shared characters between Catholicism and Confucianism, also what the doctrines of Catholicism went beyond Confucianism, later defining the missionary way in the upper class in China. Moreover, the book made a significant influence on the following literature named Article of Seeking Friends from Martino Martini. It seems that both books had an understanding in friendships principles, however, they made use of argumentation from Natural Theology derived from Thomas Aquinas, consequently resorting to the ethical practice of Confucianism and spreading the Catholic faith. In a word, both writings laid the foundation for Chinese initiation based on acknowledging the doctrines of Catholicism, which demonstrated what place the book, On making friends, occupies in history.

  11. Confederação Católica do Trabalho: práticas discursivas e orientação católica para o trabalho em Belo Horizonte (1919-1930

    Deivison Gonçalves Amaral


    Full Text Available Resumo O objetivo deste artigo será de analisar a atuação da Confederação Católica do Trabalho junto aos trabalhadores de Belo Horizonte, entre 1919 e 1930. Para tanto, são consideradas a prática discursiva católica, a luta por direitos e por melhores condições de vida e a mediação dos conflitos entre capital e trabalho. A entidade, orientada pela encíclica Rerum Novarum, foi a difusora do catolicismo junto aos trabalhadores de Belo Horizonte. A metodologia da análise do discurso é utilizada com o objetivo de perceber o papel das práticas discursivas católicas e a inserção do catolicismo entre os trabalhadores de Belo Horizonte. As fontes nucleares da pesquisa são O Operário e os Annaes do Conselho Deliberativo de Bello Horizonte. Críticas comumente feitas que atribuem a esse tipo de ação reformista a responsabilidade por um movimento operário pouco autônomo ou "amarelo" são contrariadas. Tentamos demonstrar que a estratégia sindical reformista católica buscou atender às demandas urgentes dos trabalhadores: jornada de oito horas, descanso dominical e habitações.  Palavras-chave: Reformismo; Discurso católico; Catolicismo e trabalho. Abstract This article analyzes the performance of the Catholic Labor Confederation with workers in Belo Horizonte between 1919 and 1930. For such, it focuses on the Catholic discourse practice, the struggle for rights and better conditions of life, and the mediation of conflicts between capital and labor, with basis on Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum Novarum, which diffused Catholicism among Belo Horizonte workers. The discourse analysis methodology aims at grasping the role of Catholic discourse practice and the penetration of Catholicism among those workers. The research sources are O Operário ("The worker" and the Annaes do Conselho Deliberativo de Bello Horizonte ("Annals of the Belo Horizonte Deliberative Council". Criticism attributing to that kind of reformist action the

  12. Authenticity / الصحة (as-sehah) in Employment Relations

    Tackney, Charles T.

    Authenticity / الصحة (as-sehah) serves as a criterion or predictor variable in a comparative theological investigation of employment relations parameters in light of social teachings from Sunni Islam and Roman Catholicism. Authenticity finds initial, shared significance in both religious traditions...... transcultural foundation. Workplace parameters, the minimal enabling conditions for the possibility of authentic employment relations, are then identified and compared. We explore common expectations for a theology of the workplace in terms of the direct and indirect employer: those national laws, systems, and...... traditions that condition the functional range of authenticity that can be actualized within national or other work settings as experienced in the direct employment contract. The method and findings are a first effort to clarify thought and aid mutual understanding for inter-faith employment circumstances...

  13. Familia, matrimonio y mujer: El discurso de la iglesia Católica en Barranquilla (1863 - 1930.

    Dalín Miranda Salcedo.


    Full Text Available The following article explores the rhetoric of the Catholic Church in Barranquilla during a period of political and juridical instability. The struggle between Liberals and Conservatives in their attempt to build a nation according to their own ideological interests led the Church to adhere to the political project of the Conservative party since it supported and vindicated the principles of Roman Catholicism principles. Therefore, those who rejected the authority of the Church, i.e., the Liberals, were persecuted. In order to counteract social transgressions in this particular context, the Catholic Church in Barranquilla designed a new rhetorical strategy in Barranquilla. Civil marriage, Templar structures, women and the Holy Family archetype were key issues within this particular discourse. In this way, the clergy tried to regulate the daily practices of a society characterized by high levels of illegitimacy and civil marriage.

  14. Structural determinants of the abortion rate: a cross-societal analysis.

    Trent, K; Hoskin, A W


    Data for a sample of 89 countries are used to examine societal-level predictors of the legal status of abortion and its incidence as indicated by abortion rates. Measures of socioeconomic development, women's labor force participation, and dominant religion are considered as predictors of abortion. Logistic regression analysis reveals that socioeconomic development has a positive effect on the probability of abortion being legal. Both a greater dominance of Catholicism and Islam in a society reduce the probability that abortion is legal. Results of tobit analyses show that development has curvilinear effects on abortion rates, with lower rates of abortion at both the lower and higher ends of development. Findings also indicate a positive effect of female labor force participation on the abortion rate that initially grows stronger with increases in socioeconomic development, but weakens with further increases. Finally, a greater proportion of Catholics in a population lowers the abortion rate. PMID:10842502

  15. Law of the leading digits and the ideological struggle for numbers

    Mir, Tariq Ahmad


    Benford's law states that occurence of significant digits in many data sets is not uniform but follows a logrithimic distribution such that the smaller digits appear as first significant digits more frequently than the larger ones. We investigate the country-wise adherent distribution of seven major world religions i.e. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Bhah'ism to see if the proportion of the leading digits conform to the Benford's law. We found that the adherent data on all the religions, except Christianity, excellently conform to the Benford's law. Further, unlike data on Christainity, the significant digit distribution of the three major Christian denominations Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy obey the law. The study indicates that Benford's law can be used as a statistical tool to test the integrity of the available world religion adherent data which is bound to be suspicious due to infancy of religious demography research.

  16. The law of the leading digits and the world religions

    Mir, T. A.


    Benford's law states that the occurrence of significant digits in many data sets is not uniform but tends to follow a logarithmic distribution such that the smaller digits appear as first significant digits more frequently than the larger ones. We investigate here numerical data on the country-wise adherent distribution of seven major world religions i.e. Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism and Baha'ism to see if the proportion of the leading digits occurring in the distribution conforms to Benford's law. We find that the adherent data of all the religions, except Christianity, excellently does conform to Benford's law. Furthermore, unlike the adherent data on Christianity, the significant digit distribution of the three major Christian denominations i.e. Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy obeys the law. Thus in spite of their complexity general laws can be established for the evolution of religious groups.

  17. Poor Little Ritz Boy David "does" Hawaii or: lucky Davy salutes lucky Lindy.

    Bittner, David


    In this article, David Bittner explodes the myth, restated in Brideshead Revisited (1945), that Polynesians are "happy and harmless." He does so for the same reason that Evelyn Waugh does: "the grim invasion of trader, administrator, missionary, and tourist" has changed all that (p. 174). Touring Hawaii in July of '09, Bittner was interested to discover some unusual bits of American heritage, but saddened to see how "civilization" and "Americanization" actually seem to have eroded the Hawaiian people's rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Bittner's dual religious heritage-Judaism by birth and upbringing and Catholicism by choice in mid-life-has given him the perspective to apply the lessons of Hawaiian history to his own personal issues, particularly forgiveness. PMID:20803074

  18. The ethical implications and religious significance of organ transplantation payment systems.

    Smith, Hunter Jackson


    One of the more polarizing policies proposed to alleviate the organ shortage is financial payment of donors in return for organs. A priori and empirical investigation concludes that such systems are ethically inadequate. A new methodological approach towards policy formation and implementation is proposed which places ethical concerns at its core. From a hypothetical secular origin, the optimal ethical policy structure concerning organ donation is derived. However, when applied universally, it does not yield ideal results for every culture and society due to region-specific variation. Since religion holds significant influence in the organ donation debate, three religions-Catholicism, Islam, and Shinto-were examined in order to illustrate this variation. Although secular ethical concerns should rest at the core of policy construction, certain region-specific contexts require cultural and religious competence and necessitate the adjustment of the optimal template policy accordingly to yield the best moral and practical results. PMID:25772853

  19. Catolicismo y política en el Gobierno de Kirchner

    Fortunato MALLIMACI


    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se trata de un estudio histórico y sociológico de las múltiples relaciones entre religión y política en Argentina mostrando un catolicismo que se presenta con propuestas a nivel social, simbólico y generador de identidad nacional. Se profundiza en las nuevas tensiones entre el actual gobierno peronista de Kirchner y la institución católica por el control de las creencias, los cuerpos y la memoria.ABSTRACT: The historical and sociological study of the relations between religion and politics in Argentina reveals a Catholicism that presents itself with a project at the social and symbolic level, and as provider of national identity. This is accentuated in the new tensions between the current Peronist government of Kirchner and the institutional Catholic church over control of beliefs, bodies and memory.

  20. The Radical Right of Argentina and Spain. Cultural Relationes and Exchanges

    Miguel Ángel PERFECTO


    Full Text Available The political history of the Argentineans nationalist groups throughout the 20th century quite incomplete without the study of close cultural relations between Argentina and Spain. Within the framework of comparative history we find a fact common to both countries: the reflection on National Identity from a Catholic nationalist model, the National Catholicism togheter with the notion Pan Hispanic.In this essay we will study the different groups of Argentina Nationalism and its ideological connections and the organizational transfers with the Spanish groups of radical and fascist right in three key moments, result of crisis trasatlantics: the crisis of 90s of the 19th century, after the First World War crisis and the crisis of the thirties of the 20th century.

  1. Pseudepigraphy and the Petrine school: Spirit and tradition in 1 and 2 Peter and Jude

    Patrick Chatelion Counet


    Full Text Available This article identifies four “patterns of religion” (E P Sanders in the pseudepigraphic letters of Peter and Jude in order to support the hypothesis of a “Petrine school” (J H Elliott. The first pattern that connects the letters is a Geisttradition (K Aland, guaranteeing continuity of tradition. The second is the interrelationship between faith and ethics (fides quae and fides qua. The combination of sanctification and eschatology is a third pattern connecting the three documents. Finally, two florilegia can be identified (one from the Old Testament and apocrypha, and one from the chokmatic tradition, suggesting a fourth pattern: a warning against ungodliness and infidelity. The existence of a Petrine group could represent a preliminary stage of subsequent Early Catholicism.


    Martin J. Burke


    Full Text Available This essay examines arguments made by American Catholics that “Catholicity” promoted progress and that Catholic morality was essential to capitalist societies. These arguments developed in two contexts: as responses to charges that “popery” caused poverty; and in debates over relationships between Catholicism and capitalism. Articulate Catholics compared the social and economic conditions of Catholic and Protestant nations, and argued that the former were preferable. Only the Church, they insisted, could provide the morality necessary for the state and marketplace. While dissenting from the faith of the American majority, these intellectuals did not reject the political and economic ideologies of American culture. Rather, they assimilated them, and adapted them to Catholic ends.

  3. 西班牙、新加坡、德国政教关系述评

    冯玉军; 刘祎


    西班牙传统上以天主教为国教,与梵蒂冈关系紧密,政教关系与意大利相当一致。文艺复兴以后,西班牙逐步世俗化,走上了政教分离的道路,他教也不断融入。但即便今天,在西班牙仍是天主教一教独大,法律上虽然有诸教平等的原则,却不难看出天主教在该国中的特殊地位和待遇。如何处理各教之间的关系,它显然有自己的一套作法,值得关注。德国也是传统的天主教国家,但是德国是宗教改革的发源地,还是新教的发祥地。它对政教分离原则的信仰较之其他历史上同为政教合一的国家更坚定、更彻底。仅通过一个案例的详析,即可看出其中奥妙。新加坡则是一个新立小国,一开国即实行严格的政教分离原则,把宗教严格限定为私人事务,人人信仰自由,对一些小宗教还给以适当照顾。因此,各种宗教在此都可以找到自己的位置,宗教与世俗相安无事。其经验耐人品味。选此三国为代表,分析当代各国处理政教问题的立场与方法,以便我们借鉴。%In the history, Spain held Catholicism as its national religion and had a close connection with Vatican, so its state-religion relation was similar to that in Italy. After the Renaissance, Spain was secularized gradually. State and Catholicism began to separate and other reli- gions were integrated in Spain constantly. However, Catholicism still holds an outstanding position even in Spain today. Although there is a legal principle of equality among different religions, it is clear that Catholicism is enjoying a special position and treatment. Obviously, Spain has its own way to deal with the relation among different religions and this deserves notice. Germany was also a catholic country in history, but it was the place where Protestant Reformation broke out firstly and the Protestants originated. Its belief in the principle of separation between

  4. Religious and Spiritual Dimensions of the Vietnamese Dementia Caregiving Experience.

    Hinton, Ladson; Tran, Jane Nhauyen; Tran, Cindy; Hinton, Devon


    This paper focuses on the role of religion and spirituality in dementia caregiving among Vietnamese refugee families. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with nine Vietnamese caregivers of persons with dementia, then tape-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed for emergent themes. Caregivers related their spirituality/religion to three aspects of caregiving: (1) their own suffering, (2) their motivations for providing care, and (3) their understanding of the nature of the illness. Key terms or idioms were used to articulate spiritual/religious dimensions of the caregivers' experience, which included sacrifice, compassion, karma, blessings, grace and peace of mind. In their narratives, the caregivers often combined multiple strands of different religions and/or spiritualities: Animism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism and Catholicism. Case studies are presented to illustrate the relationship between religion/spirituality and the domains of caregiving. These findings have relevance for psychotherapeutic interventions with ethnically diverse populations. PMID:20930949

  5. A Catholic perspective on organ sales.

    Capaldi, N


    In this article, I address the issue of the sale of human organs and the moral implications of a market in human organs under the aegis of Christian Bioethics. I argue that moral issues of this kind cannot be adequately be addressed from the point of view of moral frameworks, which point exclusively to procedural norms. Rather, a moral perspective must embody some substantive norms derived from a particular content-full moral or theological perspective. This substantive norms to which I appeal in this article are those of Roman Catholicism. The most important sources cited include the works of Pius XIi (1956) and the works of John Paul II (1985 and 1991). The conclusion reached is that not only is it morally permissible for Catholics to participate in a market in organ sales but it may also be prudent public policy. PMID:12171074

  6. From the Renaissance to the Modern World—Introduction

    Peter Iver Kaufman


    Full Text Available On November 11 and 12, 2011, a symposium held at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill honored John M. Headley, Emeritus Professor of History. The organizers, Professor Melissa Bullard—Headley’s colleague in the department of history at that university—along with Professors Paul Grendler (University of Toronto and James Weiss (Boston College, as well as Nancy Gray Schoonmaker, coordinator of the Program in Medieval and Early Modern Studies—assembled presenters, respondents, and dozens of other participants from Western Europe and North America to celebrate the career of their prolific, versatile, and influential colleague whose publications challenged and often changed the ways scholars think about Martin Luther, Thomas More, the Habsburg empire, early modern Catholicism, globalization, and multiculturalism. [...

  7. Evangelization, media and marketing: provocation to debate

    Afonso Tadeu Murad


    Full Text Available This article develops a reflection on the relationship between evangelization, media and marketing, especially in Catholic circles. In the first part, we present the six dimensions of Christian religious experience that are part of evangelization: mystical, ritual, ethics, Cognitive (intellectual, communal and missionary. The article also shows that these dimensions come in different concentration on multiple agents acting in religious media. In the second part, serving up the contribution of science of media and marketing, the article outlines the basic concepts of Media, market and marketing, revealing the relationship of autonomy and interdependence between them. Finally, the text reflects on the possibilities and risks of evangelization in the mainstream media as well as social media. It denounces the misconceptions of "media Catholicism," the reduction of evangelization to the sale of a religious product and a brand. It justifies the use of the media to spread the gospel, founded on values and on dialogue with the great human questions.

  8. La nuova qualificazione dei docenti di religione: note a margine del D.P.R. n. 175 del 2012

    Simona Attollino


    Full Text Available Il contributo, sottoposto a valutazione, è destinato alla pubblicazione negli atti del Convegno nazionale ADEC "Insegnamenti e insegnanti di religione nella scuola pubblica italiana" (Catanzaro, 25-27 ottobre 2012. SOMMARIO: 1. Il piano dei diritti: incompiute acquisizioni giurisprudenziali - 2. La qualificazione professionale dei docenti alla luce del D.P.R. n. 175 del 20 agosto 2012 - 3. Verso l’accentuazione del carattere culturale dell’I.R.C. - 4. L’ermeneutica del pluralismo sociale: un’offerta formativa aperta. ABSTRACT This essay regards the new professional status of teacher's religion in public school, in the light of juridical discipline approved in 2012. It analyses the rules as well as the abundant case-law in this field, underling the trend that considers the cultural value of catholicism teaching in public school in respect to the context of religious and social pluralism.

  9. The reformasi of Ayu Utami; Attacking the monopoly of the great religions

    Karel Steenbrink


    Full Text Available In eight novels, Ayu Utami has presented critical attacks on doctrines and practices of the major religions in Indonesia. The two books, that describe the spiritual struggle of the Catholic priest Saman (1998–2002, call for a religion that is more active in the political arena, but leaves sexual rules to the individual people. The novel Bilangan Fu (2008 condemns the monopoly of the great religions in favour of local and individual spirituality. This is developed in a series of novels of which two more have already appeared. A third cycle of three more or less autobiographic novels (2003–2013 sketch her personal quest from atheism towards a critical but positive spirituality condemning a clerical and monopolist trend in Catholicism. Utami’s criticism of the great religions is external (more players in the field should be recognised and internal (religious leaders should have more modest claims towards their faithful and leave more space for personal choice.

  10. Authenticity / الصحة (as-sehah) in Employment Relations

    Tackney, Charles T.

    Authenticity / الصحة (as-sehah) serves as a criterion or predictor variable in a comparative theological investigation of employment relations parameters in light of social teachings from Sunni Islam and Roman Catholicism. Authenticity finds initial, shared significance in both religious traditions...... as a transcultural foundation. Workplace parameters, the minimal enabling conditions for the possibility of authentic employment relations, are then identified and compared. We explore common expectations for a theology of the workplace in terms of the direct and indirect employer: those national laws, systems......, and traditions that condition the functional range of authenticity that can be actualized within national or other work settings as experienced in the direct employment contract. The method and findings are a first effort to clarify thought and aid mutual understanding for inter-faith employment circumstances...

  11. From Image to the Salvation of Mankind: Discovering Differences in Theology and Culture in a Comparison of Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic Sacred Art

    Allison Leigh-Perlman


    Full Text Available Scholars frequently point out divergences in Christian iconography as it has developed in the East (Orthodoxy and West (Catholicism. Some, like Michel Quenot, use progressive examples to demonstrate the differences in a specific representation over time. Others follow Leonid Ouspensky's model and engage in lengthy discussions on the nature of the differences in theology as they work themselves out in iconography in general, without reference to time or location. The goal of this essay is to fuse these two methodologies and show particular visual examples that illuminate underlying differences in theological culture. These divergences will be examined as they progress during the period which is considered the Renaissance or Golden Age of sacred art, the fourteenth through seventeenth centuries.

  12. Dissecting modernist religion in Gottfried Keller’s Das verlorene Lachen

    F. Hale


    Full Text Available In the wake of the Enlightenment and heavily influenced by serious challenges in Biblical scholarship to conventional doctrines, various kinds of liberal theology emerged in European Protestantism of both the Reformed and Lutheran traditions. Within the Calvinist-Zwinglian churches of Switzerland, this came to expression in, inter alia, progressive religion which stood in marked contrast to confessional orthodoxy. The novelist Gottfried Keller had been influenced by the German atheistic philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach in the 1840s and shortly thereafter gained prominence as one of the most gifted Swiss writers of his era. In his novella “Das verlorene Lachen”, Keller systematically rejected confessional Reformed orthodoxy, liberal currents in the Reformed churches, Roman Catholicism and Protestant nonconformity as intellectually archaic and out of harmony with the democratic and egalitarian spirit of the times, either products of supporters or a stratified social system which he found unacceptable.

  13. As mulheres ou os silêncios da Procissão do Fogaréu

    Clovis Carvalho Britto


    Full Text Available This paper is the result of preliminary reflections on the transformation of women's participation in festivities of Brazilian popular Catholicism and it had as research object the Procession of “Fogaréu” in the city of Goiás-GO. Its goal is to understand the place occupied by women in the fabric of religious-symbolic economy and the implications of this strangled voice. / O presente texto é fruto de reflexões preliminares sobre as transformações da participação das mulheres nas festividades do catolicismo popular brasileiro tendo como objeto de pesquisa a Procissão do Fogaréu na cidade de Goiás-GO. Seu objetivo é compreender o lugar ocupado pelas mulheres na trama de economia simbólico-religiosa e as implicações dessa voz embargada.

  14. Discovering the African freshwater "torpedo": legendary Ethiopia, religious controversies, and a catfish capable of reanimating dead fish.

    Piccolino, Marco; Finger, Stanley; Barbara, Jean-Gaël


    The electric catfishes of African rivers and lakes, once depicted on Egyptian tomb art, have been largely overlooked in histories and reviews of electric fish biology and animal electricity. This article examines how Westerners, especially Dominican and Jesuit missionaries, discovered them in Ethiopia and other parts of Africa at the beginning of the seventeenth century. What transpired took place against the backdrop of tales involving the Bible, Prester John's mythical empire, and imaginary animals with fabulous powers. In effect, how they were found is related to attempts to convert Ethiopian Christians to true Catholicism, hopes of discovering great riches, and opportunities to trade, and not with the efforts of skilled natural philosophers to document and conduct experiments on the wildlife of this continent. Nevertheless, the early descriptions by Europeans circulated, and during the next century these catfishes began to be used in experiments that helped to make animal electricity a reality. PMID:21736441


    Sumanto Al Qurtuby


    Full Text Available This article discusses the role of Catholics, Muslims, and civic associations in the global politics of the Philippines and Indonesia. The two countries have shared in common with regard to the geographical feature (both are archipelagic countries, the diversity of societies and cultures, and the history of colonialism, dictatorship, ethno-religious violence, and political movement, to name but a few. In addition to their similarities, both countries also have significant differences in particular pertaining to religious dominance (the Philippines dominated by Catholicism, while Indonesia by Islam and the structure of their societies: while the Philippines is a class-stratified society, Indonesia has long been ideologized by colonial and post-colonial religious and political powers. Apart from their parallels and distinctions, religion—both Catholicism and Islam—has marvellous role, negatively or positively, in global politics and public cultures, indicating its vigor and survival in global political domains. This comparative paper, more specifically, examines the historical dynamics of the interplay between religion, civil society, and political activism by using the Philippines and Indonesia as a case study and point of analysis.[Artikel ini mendiskusikan peran Katolik, Muslim dan asosiasi warga dalam politik global di dua negara; Indonesia dan Filipina. Kedua negara tersebut memiliki kesamaan, baik dalam hal ciri geografis sebagai negara kepulauan, keragaman masyarakat dan budayanya, sejarah kolonialisme, pemerintahan diktator, kekerasan etnik-agama, serta gerakan keagamaan. Terlepas dari kesamaan tersebut, keduanya memiliki perbedaan, utamanya menyangkut agama dominan (di Filipina didominasi oleh Katolik, sementara di Indonesia oleh Islam dan struktur masyarakatnya (Filipina ditandai dengan stratifikasi masyarakat berdasarkan klas sosial, sementara di Indonesia ditandai dengan ideologi agama kolonial, paska-kolonial, politik. Terlepas

  16. 天主教在昭通传播的渊源%The Origin of the Catholic Preaching and Missioning In Zhaotong

    刘燕; 华业庆


    As a highly penetrating religion, Catholicism has always been seeking to spread itself to China. During its missioning process in Yunnan,Zhao Tong used to be a place of irreplaceable historic importance. Before the Qing Dynasty, the historic document on Catholic missioning in Yunnan is quite rare. But since the late Qing Dynasty and in the aftermath of the Opium War,the new policy adopted by the Qing government promoted the spread of Catholicism. And the re-arrangement and review of the existing documents could help us find out the proof and origin of the Catholic missioning in Zhao Tong.%作为一种渗透性很强的宗教,天主教一直谋求向中国进行积极的传播。在其向云南传播的过程中,昭通具有不可或缺的历史地位。清以前天主教进入云南的传播历史有籍可查的资料甚少;清代以降,尤其是以鸦片战争为界,天主教在昭通的传播随着清廷政策的改变而显示出完全不同的气象。借助现有资料的爬梳,有助于理清天主教在昭通传播的历史痕迹和渊源。

  17. Urban versus rural: fertility decline in the cities and rural districts of Prussia, 1875 to 1910.

    Galloway, P R; Lee, R D; Hammel, E A


    This study examined the level and pace of fertility decline in 54 large cities in Prussia during 1875-1910. Data were obtained from census records for 1875, 1880, 1885, 1890, 1895, 1900, 1905, and 1910. Analysis was based on pooled cross sectional time series methods and theories that structural socioeconomic change was a key factor in the decline of fertility in Prussian cities. During 1875-1910, city population grew from 3.8 to 9.6 million. The general marital fertility rate (GMFR) in the 54 cities declined from 281 to 164 during 1875-1910. Catholicism, female labor force participation (FLFP), manufacturing, mining, banking, and communication were statistically positively related to urban fertility level. Pace of decline was related significantly to language, education, FLFP, income, communications, insurance, population size, infant mortality, and married sex ratio. Population size was related to pace but not level. Education and banking had a stronger impact in rural areas. In the city equation, the variables plus dummies accounted for 90% of the variance. A very important variable explaining change in fertility level in Prussia was Catholicism. The most important variables for explaining fertility change in Prussia were infant mortality rate and insurance. Infant mortality, communications, insurance, and income increased in importance over time. FLFP declined over time, but contributed the most to predicted change in GMFR throughout the period, especially in nontraditional occupations. The analysis explained both rapid and slow urban fertility declines and closely approximated predicted fertility. Prussia differs from present developing country contexts in that the population was largely agrarian but literate. PMID:12158982

  18. El concilio Vaticano II y su impacto en el campo episcopal argentino The Second Vatican Council and its impact on argentinian Episcopal field

    Paulo Margaria


    Full Text Available El presente artículo busca explorar el impacto que tuvo el Concilio Vaticano II en la Iglesia Católica Argentina, haciendo especial hincapié en el campo de los obispos, desde una perspectiva socio-religiosa que pretende dar cuenta de la complejidad del campo católico. Para ello nos parece adecuado utilizar la noción de "campo" en términos bourdianos. Consideramos que hablar de "campo religioso" nos permite concebir el catolicismo como un espacio social dinámico y atravesado por constantes conflictos y luchas llevadas a cabo por grupos de agentes que intentan dominar dicho campo. Esto nos permitirá caracterizar las diversas posturas que el Concilio acentuará en el catolicismo argentino, actuando de este modo como un propulsor y legitimador de reflexiones y conflictos que existían previamente.This article examines the impact that Second Vatican Council had on argentinian Catholic Church, with special emphasis on the Bishops field, from a socio-religious perspective that seeks to explain the complexity of Catholic field. Therefore, it seems appropriate to use the Pierre Bourdieu's notion of "field". We believe that talk about "religious field" allows us to conceive Catholicism as a dynamic social space spanned by constant conflicts and struggles carried out by groups of agents who tried to dominate the field. Again, this allows us to characterize the positions that the Council emphasized in the Argentine Catholicism, acting as a propellant and legitimizing ideas and conflicts that existed previously.

  19. Catolicismo social: porvenir de una tradición en crisis

    Eduardo Silva


    Full Text Available Como cierre prospectivo de un coloquio dedicado al catolicismo social, este artículo reconoce, en su primera parte, la crisis del discurso social de la Iglesia. Crisis no solo actual, sino también en el origen e historia de una tradición que se estima es uno de los antecedentes de la renovación conciliar, que en su diálogo con el mundo invita a la entrada del tiempo en la teología y en la ética. El porvenir de esta tradición en crisis requiere del recurso a la razón filosófica y a la realidad histórica. Por ello en la segunda parte se recogen los aportes de la filosofía política de Paúl Ricoeury de Charles Taylor en tres asuntos claves: lo bueno respecto de lo justo, el holismo frente al atomismo, los derechos colectivos frente a la exclusividad de los derechos individuales. Finalmente, en la tercera parte recogiendo su legado y estos debates filosóficos se reflexiona sobre el aporte del catolicismo social latinoamericano a un continente en el que los procesos de mercantilización, despolitización e individualismo, que acompañan esta modernidad tardía globalizada, amenazan con la disolución de nuestras comunidades históricas en sociedades sin atributos y sin identidad cultural. Las tradiciones vivas del continente, seculares y religiosas, y entre ellas el catolicismo, son el mayor recurso para enfrentar este desafío que suma a la cuestión social el de la cuestión liberal.As a closing perspective at a colloquium dedicated to Social Catholicism, this article recognizes, in the first section, the crisis in the social discourse of the Church. This crisis is not exclusively a present reality, but is also found in the origins and history of a tradition that is considered to be one of the precedents to conciliar renewal, which in its dialogue with the world invites modern times into theology and ethics. The future of this tradition in crisis demands recourse to philosophical reason and historical reality. So, in the second part


    Ю. В. Хитровська


    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is deep analysis the problem of the participation of the Rome-Catholic clergy on the Right-Bank Ukraine in the liberal and revolutionary-democratic movements in the second half of the 19th — in the beginning of the 20 th ct. For the investigating this problem author used scientific literature and archives documents. At the end of 18th — in the early 19th ct. the top of Roman-Catholic Church, despite the significant differences in the ideology of Catholicism and Freemasonry, went to the rapprochement with Poland Masons of political reasons — the struggle for independence of the Commonwealth. This was due to the inevitability of secularization of land ownership and the establishment of the «Latin» church of the same administrative control by the imperial government, under which long ago was the Russian Orthodox Church. In this historical period, the Polish elite largely relied on Masonic organization guided exclusively patriotic aspirations to revive the Great Poland. For the Polish secret societies support the Roman-Catholic Church was a significant factor on the eve of the uprising against Russia in 1830 –1831, they were preparing hard, since Catholicism had significant ideological influence on a significant part of the Right-Bank Ukraine. This goal subordinated forces formed at the beginning of 19th ct. in Right-Bank Ukraine in the Polish secret societies and Masonic lodges and local Roman-Catholic clergy. As the evidence archival documents, they continued their work in the middle of 19th — in the early 20th ct., especially before and during the uprising against autocracy in 1863–1864 years, achieving the overthrow of the Russian monarchy. However, part of the Roman-Catholic clergy in this process was somewhat more modest than in the beginning 19th ct., which was caused by the tsarist government holding tight against church policy of the Roman-Catholic Church, including the Right-bank Ukraine.

  1. território cristão na Idade Moderna

    Renato Cymbalista


    Full Text Available This paper looks into a strategy devised to promote the expansion of Christianity across the territory of Portuguese America in the first two centuries of occupation, namely the use of holy relics – i.e. the remains of saints, particularly their bones, as well as artifacts once touched by the saints. Because most of these relics were simultaneously endowed with the qualities of sacredness and mobility, serving as portable repositories for the history and memory of Catholicism, they assumed a critical role as agents for duplicating the Christian domain in America. By drawing on documental evidence from both sides of the Iberian Atlantic, the paper investigates the processes of discovery, transfer and production of holy relics, revealing their key role in efforts to structure a new Christian domain. Furthermore, it shows that holy relics were objects around which missionaries and American Indians established a field of translation and dialogue, carrying on the arduous task of recognizing and appropriating the other, on both fronts: the Catholic and the Amerindian

  2. God and the Welfare State - Substitutes or Complements? An Experimental Test of the Effect of Belief in God's Control.

    Gilad Be'ery

    Full Text Available Belief in God's control of the world is common to many of the world's religions, but there are conflicting predictions regarding its role in shaping attitudes toward the welfare state. While the devout are expected to support pro-social values like helping others, and thus might be supportive of the welfare state, the possibility of taking action is undermined by the belief in God's absolute control over world affairs and in a morally perfect providence, who is responsible for the fates of individuals. As the literature provides mixed results on this question, this study examines the role of belief in God's control on welfare attitudes using three priming experiments and two priming tasks, carried out with a design that is both cross-cultural (US vs. Israel and cross-religious tradition (Judaism vs. Catholicism. We find evidence that, largely, belief in God's control increases support for income redistribution among Israeli Jews (study 1, American Jews (study 2, and American Catholics (study 3. The findings suggest that the traditional and common political gap between the economic left and the religious, based on the evaluation that religious beliefs lead to conservative economic preferences, may be overstated.

  3. Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible

    Carroll, William E.

    Galileo's understanding of the relationship between science and the Bible has frequently been celebrated as anticipating a modern distinction between the essentially religious nature of scripture and the claims of the natural sciences. Galileo's reference to the remarks of Cardinal Baronius, that the Bible teaches one how to go to heaven and not how the heavens go, has been seem as emblematic of his commitment to the distinction between the Book of Nature and the Book of Scripture. This essay argues that, contrary to the common view, Galileo shares with the theologians of the Inquisition the same fundamental principles of biblical interpretation: principles which include traditional scriptural hermeneutics enunciated by Augustine and Aquinas, as well as those characteristic of Counter-Reformation Catholicism. Although Galileo argues that one should not begin with biblical passages in order to discover truths about nature, he does think that the Bible contains scientific truths and that it is the function of wise interpreters to discover these truths. The dispute with the theologians of the Inquisition occurred because they thought that it was obviously true scientifically that the earth did not move and, on the basis of this view, they read the Bible as revealing the same thing. They reached this conclusion because, like Galileo, they thought that the Bible contained truths about nature. Of course, what these theologians accepted as scientifically true, Galileo denied.

  4. As esferas seculares e religiosas na sociedade portuguesa The secular and religious spheres in Portuguese society

    Steffen Dix


    Full Text Available O objectivo principal deste artigo consiste em redesenhar as fronteiras e as sobreposições entre as esferas seculares e as esferas religiosas dentro da modernidade portuguesa. Metodologicamente, pretendo uma aproximação histórico-sociológica, comparando sobretudo as reconfigurações do catolicismo português em quatro épocas marcadas por diferentes condições socioculturais. Assim, proponho uma releitura dos processos da secularização em Portugal.This article seeks to redesign the borders and the overlaps between the secular and religious spheres of Portuguese society. In methodological terms, I propose an historical-sociological approach, comparing especially the reconfigurations of Portuguese Catholicism under different socio-cultural conditions during the 19th and 20th centuries. On the basis of this analysis, I revisit the dual perspective of being either religious or secular, and try to recognize the simultaneous existence and the link between the religious and secular spheres in a modern European society.

  5. In search of the Holy Presence of the Blessed Mary in Tolkien’s Middle-earth

    Farid Mohammadi


    Full Text Available The presence of the Catholic framework in J.R.R. Tolkien’s legendarium has long been the subject of debate. Various Tolkien scholars and literary critics have already written different critical interpretations to consider whether to assign The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion to Christian Mythology or not; numerous attempts have been made to clarify this statement. Therefore, the reasons, why it should be included in this category are many and various. There are several examples in Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings that can be studied in relation to Christian themes and motives. Consequently, the aims of this paper are to study the possible similarities of Varda, Queen of the Stars, and Galadriel, the Lady of Light, to the Blessed Virgin Mary in Christian contexts. Moreover, to study the influence of Tolkien’s strong faith, which shaped his Catholic imagination, all through his legendarium, and subsequently leads us to observe Tolkien’s complete obedience to Catholicism, and especially, his profound devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary.Keywords: Mythology, Christian literature, Catholic imagination, Tolkien’s legendarium,

  6. La condena de Le Sillon, un episodio de la crisis modernista, 25 agosto 1910

    Robles Muñoz, Cristóbal


    Full Text Available The modernist crisis can be studied from the same modernist and from the position against those who attacked accusing them of plotting against Catholicism. Can be analyzed the opposition against this plan and strategy of their opponents. This paper studies it. Analyzes pressures led to the conviction of Le Sillon the August 25, 1910, with existing documentation in the Vatican Secret Archives. It provides the information collects and accepts by the encyclical of Pope Pius X. The Holy See dissociated himself from a movement that was the option to accept openly the Republic and democracy in France.La crisis modernista puede estudiarse desde los mismos modernistas y desde su posición frente a los que los combatieron acusándolos de conspirar contra el catolicismo. Pueden estudiarse la oposición contra ese plan y la estrategia de sus adversarios. Este trabajo la estudia. Analiza las presiones llevaron a la condena de Le Sillon el 25 de agosto de 1910 Se utiliza la documentación existente en el Archivo Secreto Vaticano. Aporta los información que recoge y acepta la encíclica del Papa Pío X. La Santa Sede se desligó de un movimiento que seguía la opción de León XIII aceptando abiertamente la República y la democracia.




    Full Text Available The article presents the analysis of the historical and legal features of the emergence and development of the American model of church-state relations. The formation of the American model has its origins in the period of European colonization of the American continent. The spread of Christianity in America is nonuniform: the southern part of America is under the influence of Catholicism, while the northern lands of America are shaped by the Protestant doctrines. At the time of formation of the independent American state, on its territory there were a number of different religions, for the most part of the Christian sense. In 1787, the state action was taken on the legal regulation of relations with religious organizations. On the basis of the First Amendment to the US Constitution, the Congress is prohibited to issue laws that directly or indirectly would testify the establishment of religion or the prohibition of its profession. Freedom of religion is a constitutional guarantee for every American citizen. This article tells briefly about the implementation of this principle. The article also deals with practical cooperation of the state with the Christian religious organizations and the role of religion in the life of an American citizen and society as a whole.

  8. Sombart and the Jews

    Mauro Protti


    Full Text Available This essay has the purpose of collecting and exposing in synthetic form the main issues which Sombart treats in his book Die Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben, 1911. Sombart defends the view that the Jews have founded modern capitalism, inventing financial practices (such as credit instruments and security interests, thus easing the movement of money and investments (financial intermediation. In this they have been supported by texts (the Bible and its interpretative commentaries and customary practices between people belonging to Jewish communities and strangers. The resulting form of capitalism is of a financial and commercial type, which Weber distinguishes from and opposes to the ‘modern’ form of capitalism, based on industry and rational production of goods, and determined by the typical character of Protestant ethics. The juxtaposition between Sombart and Weber sees the former arguing for a historical and conceptual articulation of capitalism that is more complex and articulated than the one posited by the latter. Weber believes that the ‘bloc’ formed by Jews, strangers and heretics (as opposed to Catholicism, that is, the Protestants has founded capitalism in its original version, the Jewish form of capitalism, later supported by the English translation of the Bible, urged and authorized by James I, whose influence has powerfully affected the ideological construction of a ‘historic’ object.

  9. Compassion and the Creation of an Affective Community in the Theatre: Vondel’s Mary Stuart, or Martyred Majesty (1646

    Kristine Steenbergh


    Full Text Available

    Joost van den Vondel’s tragedy Mary Stuart, or Martyred Majesty (1646, written after the playwright’s conversion to Catholicism, has been read as a provocative glorification of a Catholic martyr. Kristine Steenbergh argues that the play’s emotional poetics aim at the creation of an affective community of Protestants and Catholics in the theatre. Through the contagious bodily experience of fear and compassion with the Queen of Scots, Vondel intended to school the audience’s emotions and foster religious tolerance in the context of the peace negotiations that would eventually lead to the end of the Eighty Years’ War.


    Compassie en de vorming van een affectieve gemeenschap in het theater. Vondels Maria Stuart of gemartelde majesteit (1646
    Vondels tragedie Maria Stuart of gemartelde majesteit (1646 wordt vaak gelezen als een provocatieve verheerlijking van een katholieke martelares. Kristine Steenbergh laat zien dat de emotionele poëtica van het stuk erop gericht was om binnen de schouwburg een affectieve gemeenschap van protestanten en katholieken te vormen. Door de lichamelijke werking van  angst en compassie wilde Vondel de emoties van het publiek trainen om op die manier religieuze tolerantie te bevorderen in de context van de vredesbesprekingen die uiteindelijk zouden leiden tot het einde van de Tachtigjarige Oorlog.

  10. A festiva devoção no Círio de Nossa Senhora de Nazaré

    Isidoro Alves


    Full Text Available NESTE artigo analisa-se o Círio e a Festa de Nossa Senhora de Nazaré como um grande rito coletivo que conjuga aspectos formais e devocionais com a informalidade profana da Festa brasileira. Expressão do catolicismo popular, festividade típica do Estado do Pará, o Círio de Nazaré e os festejos que lhes são próprios englobam elementos nativos que configuram a expressão de uma identidade regional, uma temporalidade particular e uma percepção da ordem e as diferentes formas de contrastá-la.This article analyzes the Círio [candle-lit procession] and the Feast of Our Lady of Nazaré as a great collective rite that combines formal and devotional aspects with the profane informality of a Brazilian festival. As a grass roots manifestation of Catholicism and a typical celebration of the state of Pará, the Círio of Nazaré and attending festivities embrace native elements to express a regional identity, a particular temporality, and a perception of order and differing ways to contrast it.

  11. Naturaleza, religión y cultura tradicional: Un ensayo sobre el pensamiento rústico

    Calavia Sáez, Óscar


    Full Text Available This study focuses on the natural elements in the religious lore of La Rioja, in northern Spain: mainly trees, bulls and bees in myth and ritual. It stresses their sociological and cosmological meanings: patterns of kinship, marriage and group identity, ideas about gender, body and ultimately «nature». Furthermore, it this study proposes on implicit «rustic mind», contemporary wilt but apart from Christian taught (not a mere survival of the past and discusses the role of this «mind» in the history of Spanish Catholicism.Los elementos naturales presentes en el folklore religioso de La Rioja, en el norte de España, árboles, toros y abejas, en primer plano, son analizados en este estudio en sus componentes sociológicos (las ideas que reflejan sobre consanguinidad, alianza e identidad de grupo y organizados en una sucinta cosmología, que incluye nociones sobre el cuerpo, los géneros y la propia «naturaleza». Se explora la virtualidad de un «pensamiento rústico», diferente del cristianismo pero contemporáneo suyo (no una mera supervivencia del pasado y el lugar que ocupa en la historia del catolicismo español.

  12. Coexistence and Harmonious Development of Multi - Religions - A Case Study of Cross - Border Ethnic Minorities in Yunnan Province%多元宗教兼容并包和谐发展——以云南跨境民族为例



    Yunnan is typical of multi - religions. While traditional religions of different ethnic groups exist, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Catholicism and Taoism are spreading at the same time. What is more, each religion has its various branches. Thus, different religions and their branches mingle with each other, leading to the coexistence, mutual respect and harmonious develop- ment of multi - religions.%云南是我国宗教种类最多、宗教形态最为多样的省份。不仅存在各少数民族的各种传统宗教(原始宗教),而且佛教、伊斯兰教、基督教、天主教、道教五大宗教均有传播;各种宗教门类齐全,每一种宗教内又有诸多支系和教派。长期的发展,形成了云南境内各种宗教、各个教派相互交织、互相尊重、包容并存的发展态势,构成了云南多元宗教互相融合、互相渗透,兼容并包、和谐发展的良性格局。

  13. [The creation of hospitals by charities in Minas Gerais (Brazil) from 18th to 20th century].

    Marques, Rita de Cássia


    This article is the fruit of research into the cultural heritage of healthcare in Minas Gerais (Brazil) and explores the construction of hospitals supported by Catholic charities from the 18th to 20th century. Catholicism has always been strong in Minas Gerais, partly because the Portuguese Crown prohibited the free travel of priests, who were suspected of illegally trading in gold from the mines. A brotherhood was responsible for creating the first Santa Casa, in Vila Rica. Another very important religious group in Brazil, the Vincentians, was also devoted to charitable works and propagated the ideas on charity of Frederico Ozanan, based on the work of St. Vincent de Paul. This group comprised both a lay movement, supported by conferences organized by the St. Vincent de Paul Society, and a religious order, the Vincentian priests and nuns. Catholic physicians make up the third group studied here, organized in a professional association promoted by the Catholic Church. The brotherhoods, Vincentians, and associations, with their Santa Casas, represent a movement that is recognized worldwide. The enormous Catholic participation in these charitable works brought in the physicians, who would often make no charge and exerted efforts to create hospitals that served the population. Although the capital of Minas Gerais was the creation of republicans and positivists in the 20th century, with their ideas of modernity, it remained dependent on Christian charity for the treatment of the poor. PMID:21936227

  14. Performing Cosmopolitan Entanglement in the Philippine Pista: Sariaya Agawan Festival

    Shirley V. Guevarra


    Full Text Available This essay proposes cosmopolitan entanglement as a conceptual framework for the understanding of the Philippine pista (fiesta. The pista is a cosmopolitan phenomenon because communities engage in a disposition of cultural openness with the strange and the stranger. It is a performance of entanglement because it is a complex cultural phenomenon projected to be solemn yet secular, a festivity that neither the State nor the Church is in an ultimate position of authority, a parade of divinity, and a procession of spectacle. In arguing for cosmopolitan entanglement in the pista, the essay explores the 2007 Agawan festivity in Sariaya, Quezon, some 120 km south of Manila, as a case study. The first part is a conceptualization of cosmopolitanism as related to the pista using the Catholic dogma as lens. The analysis of Catholic dogma is necessary because in the Philippines the pista has its origin in Catholicism, its celebrations often coinciding with the feast day of a community’s patron saint. The second part examines the pista as a performance of entanglement. The final section describes the Sariaya pista via the Agawan festival as a case of cosmopolitan entanglement. The pista in Sariaya is an exemplar of cosmopolitan entanglement because community members perform cultural openness, which is also a mixing and matching of different performance activities, a strategy of combining the secular and the sacred, and a welcoming gesture to both the familiar and the stranger.

  15. The Interstitial Status of Irish Gayness in Colm Tóibín’s The Blackwater Lightship and The Master

    José M. Yebra


    Full Text Available This paper explores the liminal status of Irish gayness in the aftermath of its decriminalization in 1993. Colm Tóibín’s The Blackwater Lightship (1999 tries to reconcile Irish Catholicism and traditional family with new models of Irishness. Declan, the protagonist of the novel, goes back home when he is about to die of AIDS. His return reveals a dysfunctional family which only his disease brings together. His grandmother, mother and sister mourn Declan’s corpse-like body. Making reference to Julia Kristeva’s concepts of “abjection” and “the chora” (1982, 1984, I contend that the hero’s disease is a necessary sacrifice for the family and Ireland as a whole to resurface. The second part of the paper addresses Tóibín’s The Master (2004, whose fictional Henry James counterbalances Declan’s overt homosexuality and AIDS-related death. The Master delves into James’s hybridity as a closeted American of Irish descent opposed to Oscar Wilde’s flamboyant gay Irishness. The restraint of the former and the traumatic downfall of the latter make up the late-Victorian framework through which Declan’s late-twentieth-century sacrifice becomes meaningful.

  16. [Protestant healthcare? The building of denominational hospitals in Berlin during the Weimar Republic].

    Tangerding, Clemens


    This essay tries to show that, in the Berlin of the Weimar Republic, Protestant hospitals were built not only to relieve the suffering of the population, but also out of a sense of inferiority to a reinvigorated Catholicism. Hospitals were consequently not only places of care and healing but also of denominational self-assertion. Based on Olaf Blaschke's thesis of a "second denominational age," this contribution tries to demonstrate that the responsible Protestant agents did not make anti-Catholic proclamations at every occasion and in all the media. The founders of the "Protestant Hospital Building Association," which this essay investigates, made deliberate use of anti-Catholic resentment, expressing it boldly when approaching the Protestant elites, while playing it down deliberately when addressing the people of Berlin. With a view to the severe economic crisis and mass unemployment prevailing from 1930, they justified the building of new hospitals with the need to create work places, without making recourse to the denomination argument. The political situation, the addressees and the hope for economic success seem to have informed the representation of denominational resentments decisively. Confessionalism therefore seemed to have been not as much a question of ideology as one of strategy. PMID:26137643

  17. Judeo-Conversos en la audiencia del Nuevo Reino de Granada. Siglos XVI y XVII.

    Maria Cristina Navarrete.


    Full Text Available A large number of Portuguese “New Christians” (Jewish converts to Catholicism constituted one of the most important components of the white population of the Indies during the 16th and 17th centuries. They settled in various cities within the jurisdiction of the High Court of Justice of the New Kingdom of Granada, especially in Cartagena, where they occupied themselves in the slave trade and commerce in general. They extended their trade networks to and from the Viceroyalty of Peru and other provinces to the south of the New Kingdom. The Inquisition used its power to persecute them and to confiscate their property as a way to protect the purity of the faith and to sustain the institution economically. The New Christians were accused of secretly practicing the Jewish religion and of not being true Christians. Many of them were crypto-Jews who observed the Sabbath and Queen Esther’s feast day, observed Jewish fasting and dietary practices, and attended synagogue meetings. The most respected men among them acted as rabbis and orally transmitted their prayers and the few traditions remaining extant among them. As a result of both persecution by the Inquisition and the independence of Portugal in 1640, some of them returned to that country, while others scattered throughout the Caribbean and still others blended into the traditional Christian population.

  18. La política social y familiar en la obra de Severino Aznar

    Ester Bódalo Lozano


    Full Text Available Severino Aznar, a sociologist and expert on social policy, he lived in an age marked by great changes in all areas of the emerging society of the twentieth century. Catholic and profound commitment was part of the movement called the “social Catholicism,” whose precursor was Father Vincent de Paul. His constant concern and all efforts were concentrated on the fight for the rights of the lower classes always inspired in church teaching. Director General of the National Insurance Institute (with Franco’s government, and director of the Institute of Sociology Balmes, whose organ of expression was the International Journal of Sociology. It is in this magazine where we place most of his works relating to the field of demography and family sociology. His prolific work is hardly recognized in the panorama of Spanish sociology, but this author can be considered as a precursor of studies on Sociology of the Family in Spain. His works on this subject have recently been compiled in the book “The social institution of the family seen by a demographer (2008”, published by the Center for Sociological Research

  19. Misiones del racionalismo: Rosario de Acuña en la prensa librepensadora

    Díaz-Marcos, Ana María


    Full Text Available Rosario de Acuña’s articles and essays in the freethinking press illustrate her radical and heterodox writing and criticism of Catholicism. The writer supported the free-thinking cause and stressed that women should actively participate in the debate. The gender perspective connects the two main intellectual concerns of this writer who believed that the emancipation of women and religious liberty were the two burning issues of the age. Acuña wrote numerous essays and articles that actively defended the need to remove barriers between sexes in order to aspire to an ideal of equality and fraternity.La colaboración de Rosario de Acuña en la prensa librepensadora define su escritura radical, heterodoxa y crítica con el catolicismo. La autora apoyó la causa del librepensamiento recalcando que la mujer debía ser participar activamente en el debate. Este matiz de género permite unir dos de las preocupaciones básicas de una escritora que consideraba que la emancipación de la mujer y la libertad religiosa eran las dos cuestiones palpitantes de ese contexto histórico. Acuña escribió numerosos ensayos y artículos apoyando activamente la necesidad de anular las barreras entre los sexos para aspirar a ideales de igualdad y fraternidad universal.

  20. God and the Welfare State - Substitutes or Complements? An Experimental Test of the Effect of Belief in God's Control.

    Be'ery, Gilad; Ben-Nun Bloom, Pazit


    Belief in God's control of the world is common to many of the world's religions, but there are conflicting predictions regarding its role in shaping attitudes toward the welfare state. While the devout are expected to support pro-social values like helping others, and thus might be supportive of the welfare state, the possibility of taking action is undermined by the belief in God's absolute control over world affairs and in a morally perfect providence, who is responsible for the fates of individuals. As the literature provides mixed results on this question, this study examines the role of belief in God's control on welfare attitudes using three priming experiments and two priming tasks, carried out with a design that is both cross-cultural (US vs. Israel) and cross-religious tradition (Judaism vs. Catholicism). We find evidence that, largely, belief in God's control increases support for income redistribution among Israeli Jews (study 1), American Jews (study 2), and American Catholics (study 3). The findings suggest that the traditional and common political gap between the economic left and the religious, based on the evaluation that religious beliefs lead to conservative economic preferences, may be overstated. PMID:26061050

  1. The Catholic Bishops in the U.S. Public Arena: Changing Prospects under Pope Francis

    Richard L. Wood


    Full Text Available The public profile of the Roman Catholic bishops of the United States results not simply from their own interventions in political life, but from the broad array of actions and actors within “public Catholicism” broadly conceived. This article assesses the contemporary profile of the American bishops from this broad angle, particularly in light of new dynamics under the papacy of Francis I. It does so by documenting public Catholicism’s presence in ecclesial institutions, other public institutions, and lay-centered social movements (particularly faith-based community organizing and via a case study of the healthcare reform debate around the State Children’s Health Insurance Program and the Affordable Care Act. Cultural and institutional factors shaping Catholic public presence are analyzed in three dimensions of social life: institutional leadership; authority dynamics within the Church; and the culture of prayer, spirituality, and worship in parishes. Finally, the conclusion discusses the key dynamics likely to shape the future of public Catholicism in America.


    Ilie BĂBĂIŢĂ


    Full Text Available To analyze the impact that religion has on migration and labor mobility, were selected the 27 EU countries and the working hypothesis is assumed: H: Increase in net migration and mobility, in terms of a positive balance, is even greater as the states have a predominantly Protestant or Catholic religion and vice versa. For religious variable was constructed a dummy variable (R, which has value 1 if the predominant religion in the state orthodoxy, and 0 if the state is the dominant religion in Protestantism and Catholicism. It is noted that the European countries considered, the overall sample, a 1 point increase in variable R causes a decrease in net migration balance, ie a net increase in mobility. Hypothesis H is confirmed by both models considered, except factor uncertainty. These issues illustrate that: - In the EU27, the variable of religion is an important factor in increasing migration and labor mobility; - Orthodoxy has a negative effect on net migration and vice versa, and a net simulative effect on mobility and vice versa. Consequently, we believe that: a. U.E. 27 Orthodox countries are not major destinations for migrants, they are reserved to the states with a dominant Catholic or Protestant b. U.E. 27 countries with dominant Orthodox religion have the incentive to attract labor from the Community.

  3. El Círculo Católico de Puebla, 1887-1900 Puebla's Catholic Circle, 1887-1900

    Sergio Francisco Rosas Salas


    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la conformación y los primeros años del Círculo Católico de Puebla, una organización confesional formada por laicos por iniciativa clerical. Destaca la forma en que algunos católicos de la ciudad de Puebla actuaron bajo la política de conciliación del Porfiriato entre 1887 y 1900, y cómo la aprovecharon a su favor, pasando de la práctica pública del catolicismo al apostolado laico.This article analyzes the formation and the early years of Puebla's Catholic Circle, a confessional organization composed of secular persons on a clerical initiative. It draws attention to the actions of a number of Catholics in the city of Puebla under the Porfiriato's conciliation policy between 1887 and 1900, and the ways in which they used it to their advantage, shifting from the public practice of Catholicism to a lay ministry.

  4. The Architect, the Planner and the Bishop: the Shapers of ‘Ordinary’ Dublin, 1940–60

    Ellen Rowley


    Full Text Available From the 1930s through the 1960s, Dublin’s development occurred at its periphery: wheels of narrow roadways punctuated by green spaces provided the low-density frameworks for terraced residential boxes surmounted by pitched roofs and fronted by pocket gardens. Vast structures of ecclesiastic authority, Catholic (determinedly revivalist church building and the suite of Catholic (tentatively modernist schools were presented as support structures for mass housing, thereby completing the image and experience of Dublin’s new mid-twentieth-century suburbs.Taking the 1950s genesis of one vast north Dublin neighbourhood, Raheny/Coolock, as a case study, this paper sets previously unexamined archive material from the local Catholic bishopric and Dublin Corporation alongside critical thinking about Irish Catholicism and postwar suburbia generally. Startling hand-drawn maps by local priests reveal how John Charles McQuaid, archbishop of Dublin from 1940–71, influenced Dublin’s planning processes and controlled the architectural flavour of swathes of developing parishes. This paper seeks to unpick the variously silent and active roles of the architect, the planning office, the patron and the user, in the making of the more recent, everyday built environment that is Irish suburbia.

  5. Catolicismo social, mutualismo y revolución en Chihuahua

    Pedro Salmerón Sanginés


    Full Text Available El presente artículo muestra una de las fuentes de la Revolución Mexicana más defectuosamente conocidas -el catolicismo social- y su concatenación con el movimiento encabezado por Francisco Villa, sus demandas obreras y políticas y sus modelos de gobierno, mediante la figura de varios dirigentes entre los que destaca Silvestre Terrazas Enríquez. Asimismo destaca el trabajo de organización de las sociedades mutualistas obreras y de la prensa de posición católica, durante el Porfiriato, con la revolución en Chihuahua.This article shows one of the most misunderstood sources of the Mexican Revolution, social catholicism and its link with the movement led by Francisco Villa, its workers' and political demands and models of government, through the figure of various leaders, particularly Silvestre Terrazas Enríquez, and the organizational work of workers' mutual societies and the catholic press during the Porfiriato with the revolution in Chihuahua.

  6. A Place of Miracles. The Artistic Representation of Lourdes by Two Contemporary Directors: Lourdes (2009 by Jessica Hausner and Une femme nommée Marie (2011 by Robert Hossein

    Theo Meder


    Full Text Available After the Holy Virgin had appeared eighteen times to Bernadette Soubirous in 1858, Lourdes in the south of France grew into the most popular and most visited place of pilgrimage in the western Christian world. Today millions of pilgrims come to Lourdes each year for various religious reasons. Quite a few of them suffer from a physical or mental illness. One of the reasons why they come to Lourdes is the possibility of a miraculous healing, for instance by drinking the healing water of Lourdes, or even bathing in it. Recently, two directors created works of art about and at the holy place of Lourdes, which reflect their convictions concerning miracles and healings. In 2009 the young female Austrian director Jessica Hausner shot her French movie Lourdes, in 2011 the renowned French male director Robert Hossein presented his spectacle Une femme nommée Marie. Jessica Hausner was raised in a Catholic family, but lost her faith and became an atheist, whereas Robert Hossein grew up in an atheist family and converted to Catholicism later in life. Their works offer rather opposite interpretations of (Christian conceptions such as supernatural healings and salvation.

  7. Vigilar y castigar: crisis y disciplinamiento en la Iglesia argentina en los años setenta

    Obregón, Martín


    Full Text Available Since the middle of the 60’s, Catholicism experimented in Argentina a deep internal crisis: vast secular and ecclesiastic groups radicalized and their criticisms were growing in the following years. By the second middle of the 70’s the ecclesiastical hierarchy fixed on to reorganize the Church on Conservative grounds and to discipline the more radical groups inside the Catholic ground. I attempt to analyze the theological, liturgical, and pastoral characteristics of this process during the first years of the latter Military Dictatorship.

    Desde mediados de la década de 1960, el catolicismo argentino sufrió una aguda crisis interna, caracterizada por la radicalización de vastos sectores, tanto clericales como laicos, cuyos cuestionamientos fueron creciendo con el correr de los años. Desde los años setenta, la jerarquía eclesiástica estableció como objetivo central la reorganización de la Iglesia sobre bases conservadoras, lo que implicaba disciplinar a los sectores más radicalizados del campo católico. En este trabajo se analizan las características que adoptó dicho proceso en la teología, la liturgia y la pastoral durante los primeros años de la última dictadura militar.

  8. The Art of Governing the Self and Others in the Christian Philippines

    Pak Nung Wong


    Full Text Available Through an ethnographic depiction of cultural creolization, this paper will detail the ways in which traditional Filipino values have been successfully mixing with and eventually lodging into the intersubjective landscape of Cagayan Valley, where the Chinese, Ibanag, Ilocano, and Itawes ethnic groups dwell. This cultural creolization process informs the ways in which the imagined social reciprocity between the self and others has been governed by a historically constituted power/knowledge system: the padrino system. This system is mainly composed of the symbiotic codes and social practices of (1 Catholicized ritual kinship and (2 the Tagalog ethics of “debt of gratitude” (utang na loób. In light of Foucault’s (1988 governmentality, the uncertain contact zone between the art of governing the self and the selves of others, I will detail the creative ways in which the padrino (power/knowledge system is used in the Philippine frontier life-world to build local communities, resolve conflicts, and restrain self-aggrandizement.

  9. Uma Estranha Diáspora Rumo a Portugal: Judeus e Cristãos-Novos Reduzidos à Fé Católica no século XVII

    Braga, Isabel M. R. Mendes Drumond


    Full Text Available The present paper deals with a number of Jewish and new Christian people, descendants of Peninsular Jews, who arrived in Portugal in the 16th century and consequently converted to Catholicism. The source material used in this study are the Books of Converted Jews that belonged to the Holy Office of Inquisition. These books provide information on the nature of the people (age, status, birthplace, place of residence, the way they experienced their religion in different parts of Europe, and the true or apparently true reasons for their conversion.

    Este artículo aborda el tema de algunos judíos y cristianos nuevos descendientes de judíos peninsulares que, en el siglo XVII, llegaron a Portugal y se convirtieron al catolicismo. Las fuentes para este estudio son los libros de convertidos del Santo Oficio de la Inquisición. Éstos nos proporcionan datos acerca de las personas (edad, estado civil, lugar de nacimiento y de residencia y, especialmente, sobre la vivencia del judaísmo en diferentes partes de Europa, así como sobre las motivaciones, reales o aparentes, para la conversión.

  10. Ancient and Medieval Earth in Armenia

    Farmanyan, S. V.


    Humankind has always sought to recognize the nature of various sky related phenomena and tried to give them explanations. The purpose of this study is to identify ancient Armenians' pantheistic and cosmological perceptions, world view, notions and beliefs related to the Earth. The paper focuses on the structure of the Earth and many other phenomena of nature that have always been on a major influence on ancient Armenians thinking. In this paper we have compared the term Earth in 31 languages. By discussing and comparing Universe structure in various regional traditions, myths, folk songs and phraseological units we very often came across to "Seven Heavens" (Seven heavens is a part of religious cosmology found in many major religions such as Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Christianity (namely Catholicism) and "Seven Earths". Armenians in their turn divided Earth and Heavens into seven layers. And in science too, both the Earth and the Heavens have 7 layers. The Seven Heavens refer to the layers of our atmosphere. The Seven Earths refer to the layers of the Earth (from core to crust), as well as seven continents. We conclude that the perception of celestial objects varies from culture to culture and preastronomy had a significant impact on humankind, particularly on cultural diversities.

  11. El derecho al aborto en discusión: la intervención de grupos católicos en la comisión de salud de la legislatura de la ciudad de Buenos Aires The debate on abortion rights: the involvement of catholic groups in the health committee of the Buenos Aires legislature

    Gabriela Irrazábal


    Full Text Available El presente trabajo da cuenta de la participación de grupos católicos especializados en bioética y "bioderecho" en los debates parlamentarios sobre aborto no punible en la Comisión de Salud de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires a fines de 2008. Teniendo en cuenta las múltiples transferencias e influencias entre los campos político y religioso en Argentina, se intentará abordar la estrategia política que ciertos actores del catolicismo utilizan para consolidar la hegemonía simbólica de la Iglesia Católica en la regulación de la vida de los individuos, especialmente de las mujeres y la utilización de estas estrategias como apuestas de estos grupos para mantener su lugar hegemónico al interior de la Iglesia Católica.This paper discusses the participation of Catholic groups, specialized in bioethics and biolaw, in parliamentary debates on non-punishable abortion, in the Health Committee of the City of Buenos Aires, in late 2008. Taking into account the multiple transfers and influences between the political and the religious spheres in Argentina, the article examines the political strategy that certain actors of Catholicism use to consolidate the symbolic hegemony of the Catholic Church by regulating the life of individuals, especially women; and the use of these strategies as a way to maintain their hegemonic position within the Catholic Church.

  12. Punishing the sea wolf: corsairs and cannibals in the early modern Caribbean

    Kris Lane


    Full Text Available Looks at how Western law was interpreted and applied to perceived cannibals and corsairs in the Spanish Caribbean in the 16th and 17th c., by Spanish jurists in the period, and at the development of the cannibal and corsair image in Spanish culture. Author outlines the convergence of terms suggesting a growing semantic linkage between certain indigenous peoples, specially the famed "Carib cannibals", and foreign, mostly Western European, corsairs poaching on Spanish wealth. He describes how of the Caribs, said to be cannibals, involved in piracy, an image was constructed of not only cannibals, but also greedy criminals, or rebelers against Catholicism, in order to (legally justify punishments or wars against them, and thus Spanish rule. He then discusses how of French, British, and other corsairs in the Caribbean involved in piracy against the Spanish, an in some ways similar image was painted of fanatical canine types ruled by appetites, and also of anti-Catholic heretics and criminals, in order to justify punishments as well as the Spanish claim on rule of the Caribbean.

  13. Representation of External Qualities of the Person in the Russian And French Animalistic Phraseological Units

    Vyacheslav Olegovich Puchkov


    Full Text Available Russian and French phraseological units with an animal name are considered with a special focus on their anthropomorphous semantics (external qualities of the person. The relevance of this research is caused by the urgent need of comparative studies of ethnocultural maps of the world that are encoded in phraseological corpus of any ethnos. Universal and ethno-specific features of animalistic phraseology are revealed in the article. The author states that the main function of animalistic phraseological units is not only pointing to some physical qualities of a person but assessing them. In the French map of the world the aesthetic criterion (beauty / ugliness dominates, whereas in the Russian map it is a physiological and social criteria (mainly, health and wellbeing. Superiority of the esthetic criterion in French is hidden in the mentality and is called the hedonism; opposing to it is Russian animalistic phraseology which is said to be originated from country folk traditions and is focused on physiological and social details in assessing the man's appearance. It is stated in the article that the lack of attention to esthetic criterion in the Russian phraseology may be explained by the influence of Orthodoxy on the content of the world map, the corporal beauty is opposed to internal, spiritual beauty. Contrary to it, under the influence of Catholicism an esthetic attitude to church rituals and corporal beauty was forwarded in the French culture. Finally, the author offers anthropological mechanism and an assessment function to be universal features of phraseology.




    Full Text Available La intención del presente artículo es reflexionar en torno al trabajo realizado por la beneficencia católica en el desarrollo de las primeras viviendas para obreros en Chile. Se pretende identificar las motivaciones de quienes conformaron instituciones de beneficencia católica entre fines del siglo XIX y comienzos del XX. Además, se expone el funcionamiento de estas instituciones y se indaga en las tipologías edificatorias y en los efectos urbanos y sociales generados en Santiago. Asimismo, se afirma que el trabajo realizado por el catolicismo social chileno, post Rerum Novarum (1891, incidió en la acción estatal inaugurada con la ley de habitaciones obreras de 1906This article is intended to examine the work done by Catholic institutions in relations to the development of the first housing solutions offered to the working class. My aim is to identify the main motivations of those who formed these institutions between the late XIX and early XX centuries. Moreover, I offer and analysis of the functioning of these institutions along with the design options adopted and the related urban and social problems generated in Santiago. On this vein, I claim that the work done by Chilean Social Catholicism post-Rerum Novarum (1891, triggered state involvement, expressed through the Law of Housing for Workers of 1906

  15. Towards A New Reading of the Political Thought of the Dévot Faction: The Opposition to Cardinal Richelieu’s Ministériat

    Caroline Maillet-Rao


    Full Text Available For a long time, historiography has considered the political thought of the dévot party, led by Mathieu de Morgues and Michel de Marillac, to be supportive of a traditional monarchy, Catholicism and the extermination of Protestants, while being opposed to the Thirty Years War. This faction’s political thought has been looked upon as being in contrast to that of Cardinal Richelieu, which was comparatively regarded as profoundly absolutist and modern. Such an understanding of the dévots’ political thought, albeit disputed, continues to prevail. The present article intends to demonstrate that the dévots were in fact on the side of the absolutists, which explains their opposition to Richelieu. Indeed, they never criticized absolutism, but rather, the illegitimate leadership of the government by an all-powerful premier ministre, namely, Richelieu. According to the dévots, the ministériat actually betrayed the very essence of absolute monarchy. Before proposing a new perspective on its political thought, it is important to reflect upon the definition of the dévot party. This will be followed by an overview of the lives and work of the principal representatives of this faction, Mathieu de Morgues (1582–1670 and Michel de Marillac (1560–1632. An examination of the historiography on this subject enables this article’s conclusions to be situated in a broader context.

  16. The place for individual conscience.

    Kissling, F


    From a liberationist, feminist, and Catholic point of view, this article attempts to understand the decision of abortion. People are constantly testing their principles and values against the question of abortion. Advances in technology, the rise of communitarianism and the rejection of individualism, and the commodification of children are factors in the way in which the abortion debate is being constructed in society. The paper offers solutions to end the ugliness of the abortion debate by suggesting that we would be able to progress further on the issue of abortion if we looked for the good in the opposing viewpoint. The article continues with a discussion of Catholics For a Free Choice's position on abortion, and notes firstly that there is no firm position within the Catholic Church on when the fetus becomes a person; secondly that the principle of probablism in Roman Catholicism holds that where the church cannot speak definitively on a matter of fact (in this case, on the personhood of the fetus), the consciences of individual Catholics must be primary and respected, and thirdly that the absolute prohibition on abortion by the church is not infallible. In conclusion, only the woman herself can make the abortion decision. PMID:11574655

  17. Influences of culture on sexuality.

    Hogan, R M


    Religion is a cultured phenomenon, a subculture within our larger cultural system. Different religions have different teachings about what constitutes sexual morality, while members within a specific religious denomination may also have different beliefs and practices. Religiosity, or acceptance of the teachings of a particular religion, is more important as a determinant of sexual behavior than a specific religion per se. Orthodox Judaism, traditional Catholicism and traditional Protestantism are alike in their condemnation of masturbation, abortion, homosexuality, and premarital and extramarital coitus. More liberal members of these religions may not tolerate these activities, but may espouse them as necessary means to maintain or attain health. Nurses assess the beliefs that clients hold in regard to sexual morality and also identify if the client is experiencing guilt about past sexual practices. Interventions are planned with the client within the framework of the client's religious and spiritual beliefs and practices. To do otherwise is to invite distrust and distress in the client. Nurses intervene with sensitivity, compassion, and respect for beliefs and values that may be different from their own. PMID:6923299

  18. Religião e patriotismo: o anticomunismo católico nos Estados Unidos e no Brasil nos anos da Guerra Fria

    Carla Simone Rodeghero


    Full Text Available O artigo analisa e compara o anticomunismo católico no Brasil e nos Estados Unidos no período da Guerra Fria. Depois de situar o campo de estudos constituído no Brasil sobre o tema, discute as relações entre americanismo e anticomunismo, procurando situar o catolicismo norte-americano neste meio. Utiliza-se de uma produção recente sobre cultura da Guerra Fria nos Estados Unidos. Levanta, finalmente, uma série de elementos de comparação sobre a forma que o anticomunismo católico assumiu nos dois países.This article analyses and compares the Catholic anticommunism in the Brazil and in United States during the Cold War years. After showing the recent studies produced in Brazil about the fight against communism, it discusses the relationship between Americanism, anticommunism and Catholicism. This step is based on recent historical research about the Cold War culture in the United States. Finally, it makes comparisons between the forms that anticommunism assumed in each country.

  19. Alceu Amoroso Lima’s Spiritual Itinerary Desert and Faith’s Ecstasy

    Leandro Garcia Rodrigues


    Full Text Available This paper aims to show a little bit of Alceu Amoroso Lima’s (1893-1983 spiritual trajectory, the mainly catholic leadership in Brazil throughout XX century.  Amoroso Lima was a victim of the Agnosticism lived in the beginning of that century, exactly when he rediscovered religion as a source of life and turned into Catholicism.  All these changes happened during his strong friendship with two important intellectuals of that time: the writer Jackson de Figueiredo and the theologian Father Leonel Franca.  Amoroso Lima kept a non-stopping Correspondence with them, and then faced a kind of “spiritual battle” through six years, giving another significance to the Epistolography as a literary gender.  This research follows the “desertic paths” faced by Amoroso Lima up to his final meeting with God, the doubts and certainties, faults and lucky hits, specially in the peculiar difficulties of those who believe in God.Keywords: theology; literature; spirituality; conversion.


    Tiberiu Brailean


    Full Text Available Many papal encyclicals were not directly concerned about the appearance of European Union due to many historical, political and social contexts. The fundamental principles developed through several encyclicals from early 19th century to the present day reaffirmed the neutrality of the Church regarding to many forms of government. But the most important idea has its root in the restoration of the Christian principles in society. In a time of de-Christianization and secularism, the role of Church as the foundation of peace is also important to notice. It was considered that every modern democracy is the image of the revealed heart of the universal law of charity (Jacques Maritain. That is why between a supranational entity like the European Union and the Catholic Church should be a friendly and close relationship. A unite Europe has its roots in Christianity, especially in Catholicism. The soul of Europe is animated by religious principles. Whether we talk about Schuman or Adenauer, their Christian faith is the engine for their political success. After the Second World War, in Western Europe, the Christian democratic parties had a huge impact for the democratic governance. The socio-economic policies of these parties were anchored in Catholic social teaching.

  1. Politisches „Milieu“, Familienwirklichkeit und Rechtsreform. Katholische und sozialdemokratische Positionen in der Weimarer Republik Political “Milieu,” Family Reality, and Legal Reform: Catholic and Social Democratic Positions in the Weimar Republic

    Arne Duncker


    Full Text Available Bei der verdienstvollen und materialreichen Arbeit Heinemanns handelt es sich um die gekürzte und überarbeitete Fassung einer an der Universität Augsburg 2002 abgeschlossenen Dissertation. Literatur ist bis einschließlich 2002 eingearbeitet. Mit Katholizismus und Sozialdemokratie hat die Arbeit zwei der bedeutendsten politischen und kulturellen Bewegungen – und auch “Milieus“ (S. 13 f. – Deutschlands in der Zeit der Weimarer Republik zum Gegenstand. In der Arbeit werden Fragen der historischen Familienforschung, Sozialgeschichte und Parteiengeschichte behandelt. Sie enthält darüber hinaus – ausbaufähige – rechtshistorische, frauengeschichtliche, parlamentsgeschichtliche und ehephilosophische Abschnitte sowie ein Schwerpunktkapitel (S. 213–292 zur Bevölkerungspolitik.Heinemann’s work, deserving and rich in material, is a shortened and revised version of a dissertation submitted to the University of Augsburg in 2002. Literature published up to the year 2002 is included in the text. The work has made as its focus two of the most important political and cultural movements—as well as “Milieus” (page 13 and following—of Germany during the time of the Weimar Republic: Catholicism and social democracy. Questions relating to historical family research, social history, and party history are dealt with in the work. It also includes sections, which could be expanded upon, on legal history, the history of women, parliamentary history, and the philosophy of marriage, as well as a central chapter focusing on the politics of demographics (213–292.

  2. J. F. Powers and Betty Wahl: Irish Americans and Returning Yanks

    John L. Murphy


    Full Text Available The limited critical attention given J.F. Powers (1917-99 has concentrated on his engagement with Catholicism. Powers also applies Irish American motifs to his fiction. This article analyzes the depiction that Powers and his wife Betty Wahl (1924-88, who left postwar America to live on and off in Ireland, made of the Irish in both their homeland and in America. Powers only once directly addressed his own experience as a sporadic Irish resident, in the final story, “Tinkers,” anthologized in his third and last collection in 1975. Wahl’s writing career proved limited. Her only novel, Rafferty and Co. (1969, semi-fictionalizes the Powers family’s decision to move to Ireland, for a series of extended stays in the 1950s and early 1960s. This article examines these writers’ dramatization of postwar Ireland as expatriate Americans. Powers’ story and Wahl’s novel depict the stresses of living in suburbs south of Dublin while struggling to sustain a countercultural yet conservative idealism. That combination drove the family away from the Midwest, in both fiction and fact, to settle in an economically destitute and patriotically insecure Ireland.

  3. LGBT movement's legal strategies and the christian social movement reaction in Colombia

    Lina Malagón Penen


    Full Text Available Since 2005 several organizations of the Colombian LGBT movement have been implementing a constitutional impact litigation strategy in order to obtain legal equality. The objective of this paper is to show how the case law from the Constitutional Court, in response to this activity, has on the one hand invigorated public participation in the debate about homosexual couples’ rights but, on the other hand, produced a democratic deficit. In particular, the paper discusses the strengthening of a religious countermovement willing to use human rights law to defend the status quo. The road to democratization was clouded by intransigent and fundamentalist Catholicism taking over one of the most important authorities of the State, the Office of the Inspector General of Colombia (Procuraduría General de la Nación. This situation has resulted in a powerful public authority committing its resources to the goal of avoiding recognition and protection of homosexual couples rights, despite the fact that its mandate is to defend people's fundamental rights and to punish offenses committed by public officers.

  4. Bioethics in Mediterranean culture: the Spanish experience.

    Busquets, Ester; Roman, Begoña; Terribas, Núria


    This article presents a view of bioethics in the Spanish context. We may identify several features common to Mediterranean countries because of their relatively similar social organisation. Each country has its own distinguishing features but we would point two aspects which are of particular interest: the Mediterranean view of autonomy and the importance of Catholicism in Mediterranean culture. The Spanish experience on bioethics field has been marked by these elements, trying to build a civic ethics alternative, with the law as an important support. So, Spanish bioethics has been developed in two parallel levels: in the academic and policy maker field (University and Parliament) and in clinical practice (hospitals and healthcare ethics committees), with different paces and methods. One of the most important changes in the paternalistic mentality has been promoted through the recognition by law of the patient's rights and also through the new generation of citizens, clearly aware on the exercise of autonomy. Now, the healthcare professionals have a new challenge: adapt their practice to this new paradigm. PMID:22033813

  5. Peregrino da esperança: Alberto Antoniazzi

    Mauro Passos


    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a atuação de Alberto Antoniazzi na Igreja do Brasil. Demarca seu pensamento e sua contribuição em diversas áreas do conhecimento. Situa, no contexto da cultura contemporânea, os desafios que enfrentou. Mostra que as mudanças pelas quais passa o pensamento religioso não se devem apenas a seu movimento interno, mas são ditadas pela própria história. Com uma fundamentação multidisciplinar, as análises, as pesquisas e os projetos desse pensador descortinaram novos horizontes para a experiência religiosa.Palabras clave: Memória; Catolicismo; Conhecimento; Cultura; História.ABSTRACTThis article analyses Alberto Antoniazzi work in the Church of Brazil. It outlines his thought and his contribution in many fields of knowledge, identifying the challenges he faced within the context of contemporary culture. It demonstrates that current changes in religious thought do not result merely from its inner movement, but from history itself. With beasis on a multidisciplinary foundation, that scholar’s analyses, research and projects have disclosed new horizons for the religious experience.Key words: Memory; Catholicism; Knweledge; Culture; History.

  6. El alhajamiento de las imágenes marianas españolas: los joyeros de Guadalupe de Cáceres y el Pilar de Zaragoza

    Arbeteta Mira, Letizia


    Full Text Available The custom of offering jewels to representations of the sacred beings of Roman Catholicism, specially to statues of Mary, has resulted in the accumulation of truly artistic treasures in Spain's churches and shrines. The author examines the way these offerings begin, grow, wane, and die out by taking as instances those found at the shrines of Our Lady of Guadalupe (Cáceres and Our Lady of the Pillar (Saragossa. Besides calling attention to a body of first rate material for the study of Spanish jewelry —material which comes from Spain's colonies as well as from the mainland—, the paper shows, like many others, how an anthropological approach can come up with insights that art historians can only ignore at their peril.La costumbre de ofrecer joyas como exvoto, especialmente a las imágenes marianas, ha dado origen a la acumulación de auténticos tesoros en los santuarios. Se analiza aquí cómo nacen, se acrecientan, menguan y mueren estos conjuntos, tomando como ejemplos los santuarios de Guadalupe (Cáceres y el Pilar de Zaragoza. Se demuestra cómo, una vez más, la Antropología aporta elementos que no debe desdeñar la Historia del Arte, además de constituir un material de primer orden para el estudio de la joyería hispánica, al incluir piezas tanto peninsulares como coloniales.

  7. The Uses and Abuses of Censorship: God, Ireland and the Battle to Extend Censorship Post 1929

    Anthony Keating


    Full Text Available The passage of the 1929 Censorship of Publications Act marked a significant development for the inclusion of Irish Catholic teaching into the Free State’s legal system. Notwithstanding this, many on the fundamentalist wing of Irish Catholicism felt let down by the scope of the Act. Censorship, under the Act, was limited to issues of sex, sexual morality, contraception and abortion and excluded attacks on the Catholic faith and the denial of God, all of which were viewed as blasphemy, and therefore the legitimate focus of censorship, by many of those who had lobbied for the extension of censorship. The Catholic Truth Society of Ireland (CTSI was in the vanguard of lobbying for the introduction of the 1929 Act and played the leading role in its policing. The CTSI was unstinting in its efforts to officially and surreptitiously extend censorship. This article traces the correspondence of the CTSI with politicians, the Catholic hierarchy and a leading print distributor, in order to demonstrate how the organization sought to extend literary censorship to encompass blasphemy, through the application of moral, economic and political pressure. A campaign that had at its heart the desire to control the actions and thoughts of the Irish people.

  8. da teoria do discurso

    Marco Antonio Torres


    Full Text Available The present article is a theoretical study that intends to demonstrate the interaction between contemporary Catholic1 teaching and Catholic women, regarding to the understanding on the non permission of the priesthood to women. This work deals with the hypothesis that the discourse, of the teaching promotes the women´s discrimination and being Brazil a country with high number of Catholics, the cultural-societal sphere is constantly informed for the religious discourse. Starting from the feminist positions among Catholic, a certain antagonism appears to the official positions of the Church 2. However, the centralizing model of this institution has used of strategies that seek to maintain the hegemony of the Christianity´s male-domination. Starting from John Paul II letter, ORDINATIO SACERDOTALIS, on the exclusiveness men´s priesthood , and feminist´s positions of the Latin-American t theology, I intend to signal some articulations between the individual and the collective in the Catholic woman´s identity and some obstacles that they face for to enjoy your citizenship inside of the Catholicism.

  9. Subversión y mímesis en el mundo evangélico. Exploraciones sobre las minorías religiosas ascendentes en Argentina

    Joaquín Algranti


    Full Text Available L'un des traits formels qui caractérise les groupes évangéliques en Argentine est la forme à travers laquelle ils entrent en relation avec le catholicisme, religion hégémonique dans ce pays. De fait, ils adoptent une attitude critique à l’encontre de ses privilèges institutionnels, tout en essayant d’occuper des espaces de distinction similaires. Cet article explore donc le rapport qui s’établit entre ces deux religions, en proposant une analyse centrée, d’une part, sur l'importance du » catholicisme intégral » dans l'histoire religieuse de l’Argentine et, d’autre part, sur le changement que génèrent les formes d'organisation collective des méga-églises évangéliques. Enfin, cette étude soulève la question de la viabilité de la laïcité dans l’actuelle société argentine.One of the formal features that characterize evangelical groups in Argentina is the way they relate to Catholicism, as a hegemonic religion. We find here an attitude of critic and challenge of their institutional privilege, combined with a quest to occupy the same spaces of distinction. In this article we want to explore this unsolved link. To do this we propose to divide the analysis into two sections. The first one focuses on the importance of « integral Catholicism » in the religious history of Argentina. The second one aims to characterize the changes of the collective organization that introduce the evangelical mega-churches, in which is possible to find lines of continuity and rupture with this matrix. In the conclusion we will pose the question related to the condition of possibility of secularism in this context.Uno de los rasgos formales que caracteriza a los grupos evangélicos en la Argentina consiste en la forma en que se relacionan con el catolicismo, en tanto religión hegemónica. Aquí se pone en juego una actitud de crítica y desafío de sus privilegios institucionales combinada con una búsqueda por ocupar los

  10. Claves belgas para la lectura de Por la Europa católica de Emilia Pardo Bazán

    Behiels, Lieve


    Full Text Available In 1901, Emilia Pardo Bazán took a trip to Belgium in order to familiarize herself with Belgian social Catholicism; the result was an essay, Por la Europa católica. In this article we will try to answer the following questions: did the author interview relevant personalities, did she document herself with trustworthy sources and did she provide a faithful image of the Belgian socio-political reality to her Spanish readers? First we will offer data about the publication of the texts, second we will sketch the context of the social role of the Church in Belgium and Spain at the turn of the century, and then we will analyse the chapters on social policy in the essay. We may conclude that Pardo Bazán interviewed Catholic figures of the highest level and visited important social works supervised by the Church, but she made no contact with the early Christian democracy. Her main source of information on the socialist movement is Le socialisme en Belgique, still a historical reference work. Although she knew about the tensions in the Catholic party and the huge social antagonisms, in her book she tends to present a too idyllic image of Belgium, probably in order to be able to present the country’s social Catholicism as an example for Spain.En 1901, Emilia Pardo Bazán realizó un viaje a Bélgica para conocer desde dentro el catolicismo social belga. Nos preguntamos en este artículo si la autora entrevistó las figuras realmente relevantes, si se documentó en las fuentes importantes y si da una imagen fiable de la situación sociopolítica belga al lector español. En primer lugar ofrecemos datos sobre la publicación de los textos, luego esbozamos el contexto del papel social de la Iglesia en Bélgica y en España y analizamos los capítulos sobre política social de Por la Europa católica. Podemos concluir que la autora entrevistó figuras intelectuales de pro entre el clero y visitó obras sociales enmarcadas por la Iglesia, pero no contact

  11. Belief and Disbelief in the Space Between, 1914-1945

    Jean-Christophe MURAT


    Full Text Available Cet article s’intéresse au cheminement politique et spirituel de Douglas Hyde (1911-1996, du méthodisme au catholicisme en passant par le communisme, cheminement qui fait l’objet de son autobiographie, I Believed, publiée en 1950. Membre important du Parti communiste britannique entre 1928 et 1948, Hyde occupe une position dans l’histoire du communisme qui est à la fois typique et atypique. Son adhésion au Parti en 1928 représente une forme de « conversion » partagée par nombre de ses contemporains. Dans son propre cas, une telle démarche impliquait d’abord un rejet des valeurs non-conformistes de son milieu de naissance, à l’origine de sa décision initiale de devenir prêcheur. Malgré son implication active dans toutes les campagnes officielles, Hyde s’est cependant trouvé en décalage grandissant avec la ligne officielle du Parti. L’annonce de sa démission en 1948, consécutive à sa conversion au catholicisme, lui valut naturellement la haine de ses anciens camarades. Le triomphalisme quelque peu irritant des derniers chapitres de I Believed peut être interprété comme l’enthousiasme d’un converti tout à la joie de sa Révélation, mais aussi comme le signe que l’entreprise autobiographique de l’auteur n’était rien d’autre qu’un règlement de comptes avec le communisme.This article explores the political and spiritual journey of Douglas Hyde (1911-1996, from Methodism through communism to Roman Catholicism, as described in I Believed, his autobiography published in 1950. Hyde, a prominent member of the British Communist Party (CPGB from 1928 to 1948, occupies a position in the history of twentieth-century communism that is at once typical and unusual. His becoming a member of the Communist Party in 1928 represented a form of “going-over” shared by many young men and women of his generation. In his particular case, this meant turning his back on the middle-class nonconformist milieu he had

  12. Trajetórias do sagrado Pathways of the sacred

    Lísias Nogueira Negrão


    through the positions adopted by ecclesiastical or group leaders. Instead, I focus on the individual religious agents and their attitudes in response to a growing religious pluralism and diversification. The work therefore looks at individuals who are 'religious mutants:' people who have changed their religious affiliation at least once during their lives, or who are religious duplicates or multiplicates, participants of two or more symbolic-religious universes simultaneously. By studying people's religious trajectories, we can analyze their beliefs and religious practices irrespective of their affiliation to specific organized groups. With the single exception of the Protestants, still anchored in the conception of a transcendent God and a strong ecclesiality (though the Pentecostals diverge slightly through their incorporation of magic, we can perceive a trend towards a kind of religiosity that Troeltsch called mystic - and which Campbell identifies as its orientalization. The followers of other religions, or the duplicates/multiplicates, tend towards mystical religious ideas and magical practices lived out in private, accept frequenting a variety of religious groups and repudiate clerical authoritarianism. The old conflicts of traditional religious duplicities (Catholicism/Spiritism; Catholicism/Afro-Brazilian Religions have been amplified with new forms (Catholic/Protestant; Catholic/Other Religions and with the emergence of multiplicity, reproducing in Brazilian style the same transformations experienced throughout the West for a long time.

  13. ¿Primos o hermanos? Nacionalismo, integralismo y humanismo cristiano en la Argentina de los años sesenta

    José A. Zanca


    Full Text Available Les études consacrées à l'histoire du catholicisme argentin pendant le XXe siècle reposent sur l’idée selon laquelle il existerait une continuité «structurelle» allant de la Première Guerre mondiale aux années quatre-vingt. Cette continuité renverrait, d’une part, à la formation d'une identité profonde et intransigeante qui aurait catégoriquement rejeté la modernité et, d’autre part, à la diffusion dès les années trente du «mythe de la nation catholique». Dans ces études, Vatican II est considéré comme un «réarrangement» plutôt que comme un changement radical. Cet article revient donc sur ces théories, en y incorporant la tradition de l'humanisme chrétien afin de relier les évolutions du catholicisme avec le processus plus large de sécularisation sociale qui touche les sociétés contemporaines. En ce sens, cette étude interprète l'humanisme chrétien comme un «agent interne» de sécularisation, dans la mesure où ses pratiques et son discours ont progressivement diminué le pouvoir de l'autorité dans la culture religieuse.Studies on the history of the Catholicism in Argentina in the 20th century claim there were very few changes between the first postwar period and the1980s. Many of these studies state that, in spite of the change of discourse, there was an intransigent matrix that openly rejected modernity. In the 1930’s, that rejection was expressed by the «myth of the Catholic nation». Furthermore, these interpretations consider Council Vatican II as a «rearrangement» rather than as a radical change. This article tries to debate these ideas, through the analysis of the tradition of Christian Humanism. Our goal is to link the changes within Catholicism with the process of social secularization. In this sense, this work considers Christian humanism as «an internal agent of secularization», as its practices and discourse allowed the decrease of the importance of authority in the religious

  14. Sexuality education in Brazil.

    Suplicy, M


    The development of a comprehensive program of sex education in Brazilian schools is described in the context of Brazil's culture and traditions such as the Carnival. The influence of Catholicism is explored as is the effect of the behavioral restrictions called for by scientists concerned about sexually transmitted diseases. The Brazilian response to homosexuality is described, and the emergence of a public discussion of sexuality in the media is traced. It is noted that improvements in the status of women have been held in check by a public ridicule of feminism and by the strength of the traditional patriarchal structures which dominate the culture. With this picture given of how the issue of sexuality fits into Brazilian life, the 1980s initiative on the part of the Work and Research Group for Sex Education is described. Opposition to this effort has largely taken the form of passive resistance; even the Catholic Church has not officially protested the sex education program. Details are provided about 1) the selection of teachers, teacher training, and weekly supervisory teacher meetings; 2) the way in which parental permission for student participation was gained; 3) the implementation of the program; 4) the successes achieved; and 5) the difficulties encountered. Finally, it is noted that plans were made to expand the sex education project from the Sao Paulo area to 6 additional large cities in 1994. Also planned is the publication of the Brazilian Guidelines for Comprehensive Sexuality which will explain the sex education methodology and be extremely valuable in the establishment of new projects. PMID:12287356

  15. A invenção da ordem: intelectuais católicos no Brasil Inventing order: catholic intellectuals in Brazil

    Fernando Antonio Pinheiro Filho


    Full Text Available O trabalho investiga a gênese social e as características da emergência de uma experiência intelectual diretamente ligada à propagação da doutrina católica, que se configurou no Brasil entre as décadas de 1920 e 1940. A análise centra-se na atividade do Centro Dom Vital e da revista A Ordem, órgãos que expressam a militância política e cultural de Jackson de Figueiredo, principal líder laico do movimento. Em seguida, procura compreender como se dá a aproximação de artistas e literatos que incorporam o catolicismo como tema e forma de suas produções no interior dos círculos modernistas, a partir da análise da trajetória da tríade formada por Ismael Nery, Jorge de Lima e Murilo Mendes, que lograram inscrever sua produção no pólo mais dinâmico das realizações do período.The work investigates the social genesis and characteristics of the emergence of an intellectual experience directly linked to the propagation of Catholic doctrine, which took shape in Brazil between the 1920s and 1940s. The analysis centres on the activity of the Dom Vital Centre and the magazine A Ordem, entities which expressed the political and cultural militancy of Jackson de Figueiredo, the movement's main lay leader. The text then looks to comprehend the approximation of artists and literary figures who incorporated Catholicism as both the theme and form of their productions within modernist circles, basing its analysis of the trajectory of the triad formed by Ismael Nery, Jorge de Lima and Murilo Mendes, who succeeded in including their production in the period's most dynamic pole of artistic activity.


    Anastasiya Viktorovna Kozlova


    Full Text Available This article discusses the tools verbalization European Baroque painting techniques and Old icons in the Gogol's story  "Taras Bulba". Narrative functions of implicit ecphrasis investigated in connection problem relatedness Catholicism and Orthodoxy in the minds of Gogol at the beginning of the 1840s.The purpose of the article analyzes the ways of verbalization and features of non-attributed implicit ecphrasis in the second edition of Gogol's "Taras Bulba" reproducing Caravaggio painting style and Old icons.Method or the methodology of work: Among research material are Gogol's "Taras Bulba" in two editions, the European Baroque paintings and ancient Russian icons. Were applied structural-typological, structural, intertextual, hermeneutical methods.Results: We describe the correlation of ecphrasis in Gogol with referents: the paintings of Caravaggio and Honthorst , and Old Russian iconography . Found that ecphrasis descriptions that appear only in the edition of 1842 are not local segments of the text and form the entire text layers, actively organizing narrative, operating plot and composition. Hidden emplisit ecphrasis is the artistic code, extending the semantic space of the text , the text translation tool of religious and philosophical ideas of the author. Valuable contraposition of baroque and iconic ecphrasis in the story reflects not only the author's reflection on the problem of beauty , inner and outer, but also a reflection of their own style.Application area: The results of our study can be used for lectures on the history of Russian literature of the XIX century, the history of Russian and European culture, cultural studies, specialized courses and electives in the problem of interaction between different kinds of art, as well as material for interdisciplinary humanities research, including in school practice teaching literature and art history.

  17. "No Matter How Far it is,the Doctrine of God Can Reach":the Contact Mentalities Between the Western Missionaries and Korean Scholars in Beijing%“使天主之教无远不行”--北京西洋传教士与朝鲜士人的交往心态



    18世纪发生在北京天主堂里的西洋传教士与朝鲜士人的“邂逅”,虽说是“天缘”,但实际上只是一种“貌合神离”。这些西洋传教士虽然为天主教披上了“儒家”的外衣,然而朝鲜士人并不买账,对于尊崇儒教的朝鲜士人来说,儒家以外的其他思想都是“异端”,所以西洋传教士即使接待朝鲜士人,却没能让朝鲜士人真正理解与接受天主教。同时随着在交谈中朝鲜士人的“无礼”与“无识”问题的显现,原本“欲出朝鲜”的西洋传教士感到了失望,并渐渐疏远朝鲜士人而闭门不见了。%In the 18th century in Beijing the encounter between the Western Catholic missionaries and Korean Scholars was thought to be "predestination",but it's quite dubious .Although these western mis‐sionaries clothed Catholic in a "Confucian"coat ,the Korean scholars still thought it as a "heresy",for the Korean scholars only respected Confucianism rather than any other ideologies .Therefore even if the West‐ern missionaries warmly received the Korean scholars ,they still failed to make them truly understand and accept the Catholicism .Moreover ,the rudeness and ignorance the Korean scholars displayed during the con‐versation made the Western missionaries felt so disappointed that they alienated them since then .

  18. El Socialista versus El debate (Enero-Septiembre 1933

    Arbeloa, Víctor Manuel


    Full Text Available The author analyzes the first nine months of 1933 breakthrough year, and leave the judgment to the reader, the opinions and attitudes of two principal Spanish media-The Debate-Socialist and service, respectively, of the PSOE and the CEDA, concerning the Left and the Right, Socialism and political Catholicism, Fascism and Nazism, the socialist revolution, which is prepared in Spain, Orders and religious Congregations, whose law is discussed in Parliament, the “eternal issues” of the Spanish anticlericalism-antieclesialism: God, Jesus, the Church, the Pope, the bishops, clergy, Catholics...La lectura de El Socialista y de El Debate permite conocer mejor y interpretar las posiciones de la izquierda y de la derecha, del socialismo y del catolicismo político, entre enero y septiembre de 1933. En esos meses, se produce el ascenso del fascismo y del nazismo y un giro en la estrategia de la izquierda. La posición de la Santa Sede ante el Gobierno de México, reforzó la opción legalista de los católicos que dieron su sufragio a la CEDA. La línea de cada uno de los dos diarios, la confrontación entre ellos, enmarca y da fondo al bloque de los trabajos legislativos, a la solución de la crisis de junio, con la salida del Partido Radical, a la dimisión de Manuel Azaña en septiembre y a la convocatoria de elecciones legislativas, que dan paso a una nueva situación política.

  19. ZHENG Guan-ying's View of Religious%论郑观应“七教合一”的宗教观



    郑观应的宗教观是其整个思想中最具特色的部分,他以"道术"为其宗教观立纲,阐发了独特的性命观和神气观。他又从同源、同道、同心三方面会通儒、道、佛,在统一儒、道、佛三教的基础上,提出"七教统一"的宗教观,试图融儒、道、释、回、耶稣、天主等各教思想于一炉,通过寻找各个宗教的共通点来实现会通全球各教的理想。他的宗教观突破了"中体西用"文化观的局限,显示出新文化观的端倪。%ZHENG Guan-ying's view of religious is the most unique part of his thought.With "Dao and Tactics" ZHENG Guan-ying elucidated his view of religious which included the unique concept of "Xing and Ming" and "Shen and Qi".He described the interdisciplinary of Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism from three aspects.On the basis of unified three religions of Confucianism,Taoism and Buddhism,he proposed his view of religious which was "Seven Religious Unity",attempted to unify the thoughts of all religions,such as Confucianism,Taoism,Buddhism,Islamism,Protestantism,Catholicism and Greek.By finding the common points of all religions,he tried to achieve the fusion of all religious around the world.His view of religious breaks through the limitation of "Westernized Chinese Style" and shows the clues of a new view of culture.

  20. A Qualitative Inquiry into the Mediating Role of Religion and Spirituality in Adjusting Marital Relationships of Infertile Women

    Robab Latifnejad Roudsari


    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Despite growing body of literature regarding marital adjustment of infertile women, to our knowledge, there is no study to address the role of religious and spiritual beliefs in adjusting marital relationships in infertile women. Considering the significance of marital cohesiveness and commitment in the long and stressful journey of infertile women, this study was designed to explore how marital relationships are experienced by infertile women who affiliated to different religious faiths.Methods: A group of 30 infertile women affiliated to different denominations of Christianity (Protestantism, Catholicism, Orthodoxies and Islam (Shiite and Sunni were interviewed. The design was a grounded theory study including semi structured in-depth interviews. Data were collected in one Iranian and two UK fertility clinics through theoretical sampling and analyzed using Strauss and Corbin’s mode of grounded theory. Results: Religious infertile women using a religious/spiritual meaning-making framework tried adjust their marital relationships through going the following phases: being optimistic and positive, having supportive relationships, being grateful and appreciated for their marital life, offering spiritual sympathy and adopting religious role models. These strategies aided infertile women to be more understanding, sympathetic and gentle towards maintaining the family cohesion.Conclusion: I argue that awareness of health professionals of the potential ways in which religion and spirituality assist infertile women to deal with their marital issues could be important. This knowledge will help them to support emotional wholeness and integrity of infertile women, offering religious and spiritual coping strategies which can help adjusting their marital relationships.  

  1. Professional 'imperialism' and resistance: Social Work in the Filippines

    Jem Price


    Full Text Available The sociology of professions has traditionally attempted to increase our understanding of categorisations of different occupations by reference to taxonomic hierarchies, as well as the identification and exploration of characteristics that warrant 'professional status'. In may cases, this explorations take the forms of historical accounts of professional activity. Rarely, however, has the literature on professions explored processes of professionalization in devoliping, post-colonial contexts. This article contributes to this body of literature in the study of professions in a number of ways. Firstly, it 'maps' the growth of social work in the Filippines, placing this account within a broader discussions of social work as an internationality activity (Harrison & Melville, 2010; Lyons, 2006 and identifying some of the key forms and features of social work in the Filippines. Consideration is given to the degree of professionalisation of social work within the country by exploring professional organisation, regulation and education.  In doing this, the article offers a critical overview of the nature and preoccupations of social work in the Filippines and celebrates the invaluable contributions it makes to the country and its people. The article argue that the forms social work takes and the settings in wich it happens reflect both contemporay societal and environmental factors as well as the global development of social work.  In this sense, the article considers the impact of Roman Catholicism as well as the orientation of social work in relation to some enduring tensions and debates around the profession's purpose and potential. Key to the professional forms that social work takes in the Filippines is the contribution of 'indigenous' social work knowledge base wich is explored, alongside a comentary on social work education and training in the country. 

  2. Unveiling Cebuano Traditional Healing Practices

    ZachiaRaiza Joy S. Berdon


    Full Text Available This study aims to identify the features of Cebuano’s traditional healing practices. Specifically, it also answers the following objectives: analyze traditional healing in Cebuano’s perspectives, explain the traditional healing process practiced in terms of the traditional healers’ belief, and extrapolate perceptions of medical practitioners toward traditional healing. This study made use of qualitative approach, among five traditional healers who performed healing for not less than ten years, in the mountain barangays of Cebu City. These healers served as the primary informants who were selected because of their popularity in healing. The use of open-ended interview in local dialect and naturalistic observation provided a free listing of their verbatim accounts were noted and as primary narratives. Participation in the study was voluntary and participants were interviewed privately after obtaining their consent. The Cebuano traditional healing practices or “panambal” comprise the use of “himolso” (pulse-checking, “palakaw” (petition, “pasubay” (determining what causes the sickness and its possible means of healing, “pangalap” (searching of medicinal plants for “palina” (fumigation, “tayhop” (gentle-blowing, “tutho” (saliva-blowing,“tuob” (boiling, “orasyon” (mystical prayers, “hilot” (massage, and “barang” (sorcery. Though traditional with medical science disapproval, it contributes to a mystical identity of Cebuano healers, as a manifestation of folk Catholicism belief, in order to do a good legacy to the community that needs help. For further study, researchers may conduct further the studies on the: curative effects of medicinal plants in Cebu, psychological effect pulsechecking healed persons by the mananambal, and unmasking the other features of traditional healing.

  3. Representação contra o Diretor da Saint John d'el Rey Mining Company, Limited (Morro Velho 1861 Representation against the Director of the Saint John d'el Rey Mining Company, Limited (Morro Velho 1861

    Rafael de Freitas e Souza


    Full Text Available Publicamos a seguir um documento dirigido ao Imperador dom Pedro II, em 1861, denunciando, sob o ponto de vista de um eclesiástico católico, as interferências praticadas por James Newell Gordon, superintendente da Saint John d'el Rey Mining Company, Limited (Morro Velho, nas práticas religiosas dos escravos (que à época eram quase 3000 e os atritos que ocorriam entre catolicismo e protestantismo dentro da companhia. Suas entrelinhas, no entanto, acabam por revelar outros importantes aspectos do mundo do trabalho na mineração aurífera inglesa em Minas Gerais, na segunda metade do século XIX, como por exemplo, os castigos, prisões, descanso dominical, assistência religiosa aos enfermos, mendicância, relações de hierarquia, dentre outros.We are publishing a document sent to the Emperor of Brazil, D. Pedro II, in 1861, denouncing, under a catholic clergyman's point of view, the interferences practiced by James Newell Gordon, superintendent of Saint John d'el Rey Mining Company, Limited (Morro Velho, in the slaves' religious practices and the attritions which happened between Catholicism and Protestantism in this company. Between the lines, however, we can observe that it ends for revealing other important aspects of the world of the work in the English auriferous mining in Minas Gerais, in the second half of the century XIX, as for instance, punishments, prisons, Sunday rest, religious attendance to patients, begging, hierarchy relationships, among others.

  4. Megalomania narodowa w ujęciu twórców polskich początku XX wieku

    Katarzyna Wrzesińska


    Full Text Available National megalomania in Polish reflection in the early 20th centuryIn the early 20th century, a number of Polish thinkers betrayed a mentality in which was deeply rooted the notion of the Polish nation’s unique character. These thinkers also expressed a conviction that Poles had a special mission both in Europe in general and towards other European nations. The signs of the intellectual elite’s national megalomania were reflected in Polish journalistic writings in the final period of World War I and the initial period of regained independence shortly after it.The article analyzes the views of selected thinkers: the philosopher W. Lutosławski, the journalist and literary critic A. Górski, the publicist A. Chołoniewski, and the historian J.K. Kochanowski. All of them believed in an optimistic picture of Polish history and emphasized the significance of the Polish mission in an ethical dimension understood as a desire to establish European order based both on respect towards the individual and at the same time on national diversity. This attitude was clearly based on Romantic thought – a historiosophy tinted with mesianism. All these authors dealt with the same themes from Polish history, treating them as a justification of their attitudes (such as: the Republic of Nobility as an embodiment of the ideal of freedom, Poland as an intermediary between the East and the West, as well as the propagator of Christian civilization in the East; the prominent role of Poles among the Slavic peoples, the importance of Catholicism. All in all, they created a mythologized vision of the Polish Republic in order to integrate the Polish society and mobilize it to act. This stream of glorification of the Polish statehood met with severe criticism after Poland regained its independence. S. Zakrzewski, F. Bujak, J.S. Bystroń, Bocheński brothers and others protested against falsifying the history of Poland.


    Inês Pires Nogueiro


    Full Text Available The first documents mentioning Jewish people in Iberia are from the Visigothic period. It was also in this period that the first documented anti-Judaic persecution took place. Other episodes of persecution would happen again and again during the long troubled history of the Jewish people in Iberia and culminated with the Decrees of Expulsion and the establishment of the Inquisition: some Jews converted to Catholicism while others resisted and were forcedly baptized, becoming the first Iberian Crypto-Jews. In the 18th century the official discrimination and persecution carried out by the Inquisition ended and several Jewish communities emerged in Portugal. From a populational genetics point of view, the worldwide Diaspora of contemporary Jewish communities has been intensely studied. Nevertheless, very little information is available concerning Sephardic and Iberian Crypto-Jewish descendants. Data from the Iberian Peninsula, the original geographic source of Sephardic Jews, is limited to two populations in Portugal, Belmonte and Bragança district, and the Chueta community from Mallorca. Belmonte was the first Jewish community studied for uniparental markers. The construction of a reference model for the history of the Portuguese Jewish communities, in which the genetic and classical historical data interplay dynamically, is still ongoing. Recently an enlarged sample covering a wide region in the Northeast Portugal was undertaken, allowing the genetic profiling of male and female lineages. A Jewish specific shared female lineage (HV0b was detected between the community of Belmonte and Bragança. In contrast to what was previously described as a hallmark of the Portuguese Jews, an unexpectedly high polymorphism of lineages’ was found in Bragança, showing a surprising resistance to the erosion of genetic diversity typical of small-sized isolate populations, as well as signs of admixture with the Portuguese host population.

  6. Reflexiones sobre la controversia clericomasónica en la Restauración y Segunda República

    José- Leonardo RUIZ SÁNCHEZ


    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Durante la primera fase de la Restauración alfonsina la masonería fue el arma esgrimida por el clericalismo español, internamente muy dividido y enfrentado, para atacar la política liberal así como para evitar que triunfase una transacción de los sectores católicos con el liberalismo más templado. El radicalismo de los ataques desde posiciones clericales obedeció en parte al medio empleado —la prensa— y a las características intrínsecas de la que ellos utilizaban, vinculada más que a la Iglesia a partidos claramente reaccionarios. El cambio de orientación del catolicismo español en la segunda fase de la Restauración, apostando por la participación en el sistema liberal con organizaciones nuevas, menos ultramontanas y radicales, usando una prensa nueva sometida a los prelados, contribuye a explicar la disminución del antimasonismo. ABSTRACT: During the first period of the Restoration under the reigns of Alfonso XIII, the masonry was the weapon used by the Spanish clericalism, very divided and confronted within its own members, to attack the liberal policy and prevent the triumph of a transaction between the Catholic sectors and the most restrained liberalism. The fact that the attacks from clergy positions were radical was in part due to the means they used —the press—, and the intrinsic characteristics of the press they used, which was connected to parties that were obviously reactionary rather than to the Church. The change of orientation of the Spanish Catholicism in the second period of the Restoration relying now on the participation with new organizations in the liberal system, less ultramontane and radicals, and using the new press that was subdued to the prelados (Ecclesiastical Superiors helps to explain the decrease of the anti-masonism.

  7. (Reconstruyendo la identidad musical española: el jazz y el discurso cultural del franquismo durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial

    Iván Iglesias


    Full Text Available La victoria del general Franco en la Guerra Civil, en abril de 1939, proporcionó a su régimen la legitimidad para emprender la reconstrucción identitaria de España bajo los preceptos de la tradición, el nacionalismo y el catolicismo. La música ocupó un destacado lugar en la articulación de esa imagen, como parte integrante de la cultura y la raza españolas y como medio de información y persuasión. Este artículo analiza el papel del jazz como referente simbólico y como práctica musical en la propaganda de la dictadura franquista hasta 1945, en relación con las condiciones ideológicas y materiales de España y los avatares de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.   Palabras Clave: España, franquismo, Segunda Guerra Mundial, propaganda, Estados Unidos, música, jazz___________________________Abstract:General Franco’s victory in the Civil War, in April 1939, provided to his regime the legitimacy to tackle the reconstruction of the Spanish identity under the rules of tradition, nationalism and Catholicism. Music occupied a prominent place in the articulation of this image, as an integral part of the Spanish culture and race and as a means of information and persuasion. This article examines the role of jazz as symbolic reference and musical practice in the propaganda of the Francoist dictatorship until 1945, in relation to the ideological and material conditions of Spain and the changes of the Second World War.Keywords: Spain, Francoism, Second World War, propaganda, United States, music, jazz

  8. (Reconstruyendo la identidad musical española: el jazz y el discurso cultural del franquismo durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial

    Iván Iglesias


    Full Text Available La victoria del general Franco en la Guerra Civil, en abril de 1939, proporcionó a su régimen la legitimidad para emprender la reconstrucción identitaria de España bajo los preceptos de la tradición, el nacionalismo y el catolicismo. La música ocupó un destacado lugar en la articulación de esa imagen, como parte integrante de la cultura y la raza españolas y como medio de información y persuasión. Este artículo analiza el papel del jazz como referente simbólico y como práctica musical en la propaganda de la dictadura franquista hasta 1945, en relación con las condiciones ideológicas y materiales de España y los avatares de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.   Palabras Clave: España, franquismo, Segunda Guerra Mundial, propaganda, Estados Unidos, música, jazz___________________________Abstract:General Franco’s victory in the Civil War, in April 1939, provided to his regime the legitimacy to tackle the reconstruction of the Spanish identity under the rules of tradition, nationalism and Catholicism. Music occupied a prominent place in the articulation of this image, as an integral part of the Spanish culture and race and as a means of information and persuasion. This article examines the role of jazz as symbolic reference and musical practice in the propaganda of the Francoist dictatorship until 1945, in relation to the ideological and material conditions of Spain and the changes of the Second World War.Keywords: Spain, Francoism, Second World War, propaganda, United States, music, jazz

  9. A philosophical approach to the 'religion - national mythology' synthesis

    Bogomilova Nonka


    Full Text Available The paper analyses the philosophical aspects of the 'religion - national mythology' synthesis. The main directions of the study are as follows: 1. Both on the individual and social plan, the orientation of the transcending universalizing power of religion could vary depending on the macro-social movements a community /or an individual/ is involved in. For the individual as for the community, religion could be a cultural position transcending ego and ethno-centrism, mono-cultural tendencies; in situations of internal differentiation and disintegration of these entities, the universalizing binding role of religion is partialized and determined by various social groups, who are often in opposition to each other due to their economic political, ethnic, psychological features; 2. This process is usually related to the invalidation of universally uniting religious-moral bonds and values and intensification of differences: power, property, doctrinal differences to a shift of the weight center from internal spiritual movements /particularly typical of mysticism, asceticism, priesthood/ on to practical social action - reformist heresies, the various practical theologies of revolution, liberation, the religious-motivated wars; 3. When reduced to an ethnic, political, or state emblem, religious affiliation to Judaism, Islam Orthodoxy, Catholicism, Protestantism has become and still remain a tool for the sacralization of military and political conflicts. In religion-motivated conflict situations, opposing parties de-sacralize their Sacred Books as their acts contradict the books' moral content; 4. The power of historical mythologies is in reverse proportion to the capacity of a nation to periodically renew its social life world - its psychological attitudes labour relations, political stereotypes; 5. In this type of situation religion is usually reduced to 'belonging', as G. Davie put it, at the expense of 'believing' and a corresponding moral behavior. The

  10. Ideas religiosas del Maestro Bartolomé Jiménez Patón (1569-1640 en El Virtuoso Discreto [c.1629-1631

    Garau, Jaume


    Full Text Available In the manuscript of El virtuoso discreto [The Virtuous Discreet Man], the humanist and grammarian Bartolomé Jiménez Patón reveals himself to be a zealous defender of orthodoxy. This work, formulated as a complement to his pedagogical duties as Professor of Eloquence, manifests its author’s purpose of participating in the religious controversy of his times, particularly in those fundamental aspects that distance Tridentine Catholicism from Lutheranism. Thus, part of the work is dedicated to a reflection on the concept of the Church, free will and theological justification, the doctrine of which was central to the development of the Council of Trent and the seven sacraments. No less important in this manuscript is Patón’s impassioned condemnation of illuministic heresy, the only genuinely Spanish doctrine of this sort in the Modern Age, whose members were also known in Spanish as alumbrados or agapetas.En el ms. de El virtuoso discreto, el humanista y gramático Bartolomé Jiménez Patón se muestra como un receloso defensor de la ortodoxia. La obra, concebida como un complemento a su enseñanza en su cátedra de Elocuencia, evidencia el propósito de su autor de participar en la controversia religiosa de su tiempo, particularmente en aquellos aspectos fundamentales que distancian al catolicismo tridentino del luteranismo. Así, parte de la obra se ocupa en reflexionar sobre el concepto de Iglesia, el libre albedrío y la justificación, cuya doctrina fue central en el desarrollo del concilio de Trento, y los siete sacramentos. No menor importancia presenta su apasionada condena de la herejía iluminista, la única genuinamente española en la Edad Moderna, cuyos miembros fueron también conocidos como alumbrados o agapetas.

  11. Geology and religion in Portugal

    Carneiro, Ana; Simoes, Ana; Diogo, Maria Paula; Mota, Teresa Salomé


    This paper addresses the relationship between geology and religion in Portugal by focusing on three case studies of naturalists who produced original research and lived in different historical periods, from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. Whereas in non-peripheral European countries religious themes and even controversies between science and religion were dealt with by scientists and discussed in scientific communities, in Portugal the absence of a debate between science and religion within scientific and intellectual circles is particularly striking. From the historiographic point of view, in a country such as Portugal, where Roman Catholicism is part of the religious and cultural tradition, the influence of religion in all aspects of life has been either taken for granted by those less familiar with the national context or dismissed by local intellectuals, who do not see it as relevant to science. The situation is more complex than these dichotomies, rendering the study of this question particularly appealing from the historiographic point of view, geology being by its very nature a well-suited point from which to approach the theme. We argue that there is a long tradition of independence between science and religion, agnosticism and even atheism among local elites. Especially from the eighteenth century onwards, they are usually portrayed as enlightened minds who struggled against religious and political obscurantism. Religion—or, to be more precise, the Roman Catholic Church and its institutions—was usually identified with backwardness, whereas science was seen as the path to progress; consequently men of science usually dissociated their scientific production from religious belief.

  12. El "Primer Catolicismo Social" ante la cuestión social: un momento en el proceso de consolidación nacional



    Full Text Available Este trabajo surge del interés por situar la discusión sobre el catolicismo social y la cuestión social en Chile en una nueva perspectiva historiográfica que relacione la historia social, la llamada nueva historia política y la historia de las ideas. Su intención es comprender esta discusión como parte del proceso de construcción nacional. Postula que la visibilización del proletariado y sus condiciones de trabajo, al provocar un cuestionamiento por parte de la clase dirigente y de los católicos que la integraban, indujo una reflexión sobre los integrantes de la nación chilena, es decir, sobre la soberanía nacional, en un contexto de democratización de la república.This work arises out of an interest in situating the discussion on Social Catholicism and the social question in Chile within a new historiographic perspective that puts social history, so-called new political history and the history of ideas into relationship with each other. The author's intention is to understand this discussion as part of the process of national construction. The author proposes that the act of making visible the proletariat and its working conditions, provoking questioning by the leadership class and of the Catholics that composed it, induced a reflection about membership in the Chilean nation-that is, about national sovereignty, within the context of the democratization of the republic.

  13. El catolicismo tradicional español ante el “caso Lefebvre” 1976-1978

    González Sáez, Juan Manuel


    Full Text Available In 1976 the archbishop Marcel Lefebvre was suspended a divinis by the ordination of priests without the permission of Pope Paul VI. The public repercussion of this act of disobedience converted the french prelate into a symbol of catholic traditionalism and of the resistance to the post-conciliar evolution of the Church. This article examines the impact of the “Lefebvre affair" in our country during the period 1976-1978, especially in the field of the traditional catholicism. The aim is to contribute to the explanation of several reasons for which the "lefebvrism" failed in Spain unlike other nations such as France or Germany.En 1976 el arzobispo Marcel Lefebvre fue suspendido a divinis por la ordenación de sacerdotes sin la autorización del Papa Pablo VI. La repercusión pública de este acto de desobediencia convirtió al prelado francés en símbolo de la resistencia a la evolución posconciliar de la Iglesia. En este artículo se explica el impacto del “caso Lefebvre” en España durante el periodo 1976-1978, especialmente en el ámbito del catolicismo tradicional español representado por la Hermandad Sacerdotal Española, el movimiento Fuerza Nueva o las revistas religiosas Iglesia-Mundo, Roca Viva o ¿Qué pasa?. El objetivo es contribuir a la explicación de algunas razones por las que el lefebvrismo fracasó en España a diferencia de lo ocurrido en Francia o Alemania.

  14. The importance of religion in shaping volcanic risk perception in Italy, with special reference to Vesuvius and Etna

    Chester, David K.; Duncan, Angus M.; Dibben, Christopher J. L.


    With the exception of societies that are relatively untouched by modernism, the academic consensus holds that since the Eighteenth Century Enlightenment popular perception of divine responsibility for disasters has been progressively replaced by a perspective that views losses as resulting from the effects of extreme natural events upon vulnerable human populations. Nature is considered to be de-moralised. By means of examples of volcanic eruptions that have occurred over the past one hundred and fifty years and which transcend place, culture and faith tradition, the present authors have maintained a contrasting position, by arguing that religious perspectives are still important features of the ways in which people in many societies perceive volcanic eruptions. In the present paper it is argued that religious terms of reference have been and remain vital elements in the perceptions held by a significant proportion of the population in southern Italy when confronted by volcanic eruptions, particularly those that have occurred on Vesuvius and Etna. Within the context of what is termed popular Catholicism, the development of distinctive religious responses in pre-industrial times is first described. Next, through bibliographic research and social surveys, it is argued that the idiosyncratic religious character of disaster responses has been maintained following eruptions that have occurred during the past one hundred years, including the small number of eruptions of Etna that have taken place in the early years of the twenty-first century. The implications of these religious perceptions and behaviours are discussed within the context of emergency planning and the suggestion is made that they form part of a 'parallel practice' in response to volcanic threat, where actions to encourage the miraculous take place at the same time as more 'rationally' grounded protective measures such as evacuation.

  15. La identidad religiosa en el humanismo bíblico español: Pedro de Valencia y la integración judía e islámica

    Nieto Ibáñez, Jesús M.ª


    Full Text Available The work of the humanist Pedro de Valencia belongs to “biblical humanism”. Religion and politics are inseparable in the work of this author. In the sixteenth century, a part of the population in Spain still subscribed to Jewish or Islamic thought. The Spanish church was making a huge effort at the time to integrate within the traditional Catholicism converts from these two communities. In this conflict the justifications of religious identity in various writings of Pedro de Valencia can be located. The common denominator of the writings discussed is summarized in the idea of religious unity of Conversos and Moriscos under the authority of the king in response to the conflicts in the Spain of the time.La obra del humanista Pedro de Valencia pertenece al «humanismo biblista». Religión y política son inseparables en este autor. En la España del siglo XVI existía todavía una parte de la población que pensaba en clave judía o bien en clave islámica. La iglesia española del momento estaba haciendo un esfuerzo enorme por integrar dentro del catolicismo tradicional a los conversos de estas dos comunidades. En este conflicto se enmarcan las justificaciones de la identidad religiosa en varios escritos de Pedro de Valencia. El común denominador de los escritos comentados se resume en la idea de la unidad religiosa de judeoconversos y moriscos bajo la autoridad del rey como respuesta a los conflictos de la España de la época.

  16. Der Glaube als Erkenntnisquelle Belief as the source of knowledge

    Andrea Hartwig


    Full Text Available Seit ihrer Kanonisation 1998 und Ernennung zur Mit-Patronin Europas 1999 steht die 1942 in Auschwitz ermordete Phänomenologin Edith Stein, 1922 vom jüdischen zum christlichen Glauben konvertiert und 1933 als Benedicta vom Kreuz in den Kölner Karmel eingetreten, mehr denn je im Blickfeld der Öffentlichkeit. Die Bedeutung ihrer wissenschaftlichen Arbeit u. a. als Assistentin von Edmund Husserl in Freiburg und als Dozentin am Deutschen Institut für wissenschaftliche Pädagogik in Münster, aber auch in privaten Studien wurden im Juli 2000 im Rahmen eines Symposiums des Internationalen Edith Stein Instituts in Würzburg diskutiert. Die Beiträge der vorliegenden Publikation beleuchten breit gefächert Aspekte des Werks und seiner Interpretation mit dem Ziel, die Philosophin neu zu entdecken und die bisherige Forschung zu intensivieren.Since her canonisation and her appointment as Martyr and Co-Patroness of Europe in 1999, Edith Stein has, more than ever, been in the public eye. Murdered in Auschwitz in 1942, the phenomenologist converted from Judaism to Catholicism in 1922 and entered the Carmel of Cologne in 1933 as Teresa Benedicta of the Cross. In July 2000, at a symposium of the International Edith Stein Institute in Wurzburg, the significance of her academic work (among other things as an assistant to Edmund Husserl in Freiburg and as a lecturer at the German Institute for Pedagogy in Munster was discussed. The wide-ranging contributions in this publication highlight aspects of this work and its interpretation with the aim of rediscovering the philosopher and of intensifying research conducted to date.

  17. Religion andpolitics: theology vs ideology

    Nadezhda Pecherskaya


    Full Text Available The process of world globalization and re-engineering results in a new outlook on the interaction between political and religious institutions. Ideological inconsistencies that arise in former USSR republics put added weight on the necessity for psycho-historical analysis of this phenomenon. A survey of national ideology for such terms as “spiritual integrity”, “avoiding separatist sentiments” sends us back to Russian religious philosophers. Until late their works were deemed as effective manuals for re-framing a person’s moral standards and ethical self-awareness.Ideology founded on promoted initially by religion values of liberty, equality and tradition sets up precedent for political ideology to use inherent to religion resort to the spiritual as a way of forming binding forces between different social groups. However, general tendencies of the Church/State interaction, as social institutions, have always been issues for numerous complex arguments. The time-frame as well as cultural and historical characteristics of the transition from religious paradigm into scientific theology differ in the Russian nation from the same process in the countries of Western Europe. Theology evolvement in Western-European countries demonstrates general tendencies for structuring Catholicism, first and foremost due to the uprise of independent Papal States (Church States and, ideologically, due to rational scholasticism.Dominant traits of the interaction between political and church institutions in Russia at the turn of the 20th century reflect psycho-historical peculiarities of a theology developing in a total submission to political power and an overall dependence upon it.

  18. Portuguese crypto-Jews: the genetic heritage of a complex history.

    Nogueiro, Inês; Teixeira, João C; Amorim, António; Gusmão, Leonor; Alvarez, Luis


    The first documents mentioning Jewish people in Iberia are from the Visigothic period. It was also in this period that the first documented anti-Judaic persecution took place. Other episodes of persecution would happen again and again during the long troubled history of the Jewish people in Iberia and culminated with the Decrees of Expulsion and the establishment of the Inquisition: some Jews converted to Catholicism while others resisted and were forcedly baptized, becoming the first Iberian Crypto-Jews. In the 18th century the official discrimination and persecution carried out by the Inquisition ended and several Jewish communities emerged in Portugal. From a populational genetics point of view, the worldwide Diaspora of contemporary Jewish communities has been intensely studied. Nevertheless, very little information is available concerning Sephardic and Iberian Crypto-Jewish descendants. Data from the Iberian Peninsula, the original geographic source of Sephardic Jews, is limited to two populations in Portugal, Belmonte, and Bragança district, and the Chueta community from Mallorca. Belmonte was the first Jewish community studied for uniparental markers. The construction of a reference model for the history of the Portuguese Jewish communities, in which the genetic and classical historical data interplay dynamically, is still ongoing. Recently an enlarged sample covering a wide region in the Northeast Portugal was undertaken, allowing the genetic profiling of male and female lineages. A Jewish specific shared female lineage (HV0b) was detected between the community of Belmonte and Bragança. In contrast to what was previously described as a hallmark of the Portuguese Jews, an unexpectedly high polymorphism of lineages was found in Bragança, showing a surprising resistance to the erosion of genetic diversity typical of small-sized isolate populations, as well as signs of admixture with the Portuguese host population. PMID:25699075

  19. El nacionalismo argentino en los años de plomo: la revista Cabildo y el proceso de reorganización nacional (1976-1983

    Saborido, Jorge


    Full Text Available The paper proposes a revision of the discourse and practice of the National Catholicism in the Argentine Republic during the last military dictatorship, the self called “Proceso de Reorganización Nacional”, through its print means, the Cabildo magazine. This paper analyses the trajectory of the magazine, since its initial support to the military forces -under the condition for the military forces to set in motion the “national revolution”- to the increasingly hard criticism as far as the militaries in the government were not willing to carry out the revolution promoted in the magazine. In addition, the paper shows how the military occupation of the Falkland Islands —one of the main nationalistic claims— facilitated a short period of closer relation between the magazine and the military forces, something that concluded with the Argentine defeat in the South Atlantic War.

    El trabajo propone una revisión del pensamiento y el accionar del nacionalismo católico en la República Argentina durante la última dictadura militar, el autodenominado Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, a través de su principal órgano de prensa, la revista Cabildo. En él se analizan las circunstancias que llevaron inicialmente a un apoyo condicionado a la gestión de las Fuerzas Armadas, que se fue transformando en una crítica cada vez más dura, en tanto los militares en el poder no se mostraron dispuestos a poner en marcha la “revolución nacional” que se impulsaba desde la revista. Asimismo, se muestra cómo la ocupación de las islas Malvinas —una de las principales reivindicaciones de los nacionalistas— dio lugar a un corto período de acercamiento, que concluyó con la derrota en la guerra del Atlántico Sur.

  20. Marina Caffiero (Hg.: Rubare le anime. Roma: Viella 2008

    Rita Unfer Lukoschik


    Full Text Available In den Akten des päpstlichen Staatsarchivs und der römischen jüdischen Gemeinde finden sich zeitgenössische Zeugnisse für die im päpstlichen Rom vom 16. bis zum 19. Jahrhundert nicht seltene Zwangskonvertierung jüdischer Mädchen und Frauen zum Katholizismus. Eines der wertvollsten Dokumente dieser Konversionspraxis liegt nunmehr in einer kommentierten Neuedition vor: das Tagebuch der 1749 sich erfolgreich der versuchten Zwangskonvertierung widersetzenden 18-jährigen Anna del Monte. In ihrer Einleitung ordnet die Herausgeberin Marina Caffiero dieses außergewöhliche Einzelschicksal in die zeitgleich und parallel laufenden Assimilations- und Emanzipationsprozesse ein, die sich in der mit aufklärerischem Gedankengut ‚infizierten‘ jüdischen Oberschicht Roms im 18. Jahrhundert abzeichneten.Contemporary reports on the forced conversion of Jewish girls and woman to Catholicism, not a rare occurrence in papal Rome from the 16th to the 19th centuries, can be found in the files of the official papal archive and the Roman Jewish community. One of the most valuable documents of this conversion practice has now been published in a new annotation edition: The diary of 18-year-old Anna del Monte, who was able to successfully resist the attempted forced conversion in 1749. In her introduction the editor Marina Caffiero places this extraordinary individual fate within the concurrent and parallel processes of assimilation and emancipation. These emerge in 18th century Rome’s Jewish upper class, which was “infected” with Enlightenment ideas.


    Mala Issac


    Full Text Available Thomas Stearns Eliot (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965 was a playwright, literary critic, and the most important English language poet of the 20th century. Although he was born as an American, he moved to the United Kingdom in 1914 at age 25 and was naturalized as a British subject in 1927 at age 39. On June 29, 1927, Eliot converted to Anglicanism from Unitarianism, and in November that year, he took British citizenship. He became a warden of his parish church, Saint Stephen's, Gloucester Road, London, and a life member of the Society of King Charles the Martyr. He was specifically identified as Anglo-Catholic, proclaiming himself classicist in literature, royalist in politics, and Anglo-Catholic in religion. About thirty years later Eliot commented on his religious views that he combined "a Catholic cast of mind, a Calvinist heritage, and a Puritanical temperament.As Eliot was converted into Anglican his faith began to deepen in Catholicism. His compositions got richly colored in the Christian Calendar and the Christian colors. He started taking allusions from the holy Bible and the Christian feasts and festivals for his writings. Christians celebrate two major festivals, the Christmas and the Easter. Eliot wrote with deep religious feelings on both these festivals. His Ash Wednesday and Journey of the Magi are the two creations that have full coverage of the rituals and the celebrations of these two major festivals of Christianity. Ash Wednesday consists of the Easter Liturgy and Journey of the Magi consists of the Christmas Liturgy and celebrations. Weeks of December before the arrival of Christmas are called as the season of Advent. It means the preparation for the coming of Jesus and the weeks before the arrival of Easter are known as the season of Lent that comprises of recalling the pain and sufferings of Jesus, his death and his resurrection for the good of human on earth. Hence, we can conclude that the creation of Journey of the

  2. Algumas raízes do anti-semitismo no Brasil ou um outro olhar sobre Paris Anti-semitic roots in Brazil or a different view of Paris

    Eva Alterman Blay


    Full Text Available A construção da cultura passa por múltiplas influências culturais. A dinâmica cultural desmente pretensas posições etnocêntricas. Ao longo do tempo a história brasileira se viu vinculada a vários sistemas socioculturais e, nos dois últimos séculos, às influências ibérica, africana e indígena houve intensa incorporação da cultura francesa e anglo-saxônica que somadas, moldaram, em grande parte, nossos corações e mentes. Neste trabalho se focaliza a influência da cultura e do catolicismo conservador francês na formação do anti-semitismo brasileiro. A partir da análise da iconografia religiosa se observará uma das fontes da construção da diabolização do judeu no imaginário popular e culto. A construção da exclusão social dos judeus franceses e sua deportação para campos de concentração será observada através de um roteiro pelo Marais, o bairro judaico de Paris. A arquitetura concentracionista de Corbusier completa o quadro da exclusão social. Todos estes elementos, reunidos, permitem entender, em parte, como foi sendo construída a imagem do judeu imigrante no Brasil expressa por vários autores.The construction of culture undergoes a number of cultural influences. Cultural dynamics disavows alleged ethnocentric positions. From the beginning, Brazilian history has been linked to various socio-cultural systems. In the last two centuries, an intense incorporation of French and Anglo-Saxon cultures has been added to the Iberian, African and Native influences. Together, these have molded, to a large extent, our hearts and minds. This paper focuses on the influence of French culture and French conservative Catholicism in the constitution of Brazilian anti-semitism. The analisys of religious iconography reveals one of the sources of the satanization of the Jews in popular and elite imagination. The development of the social exclusion of the French Jews and their deportation to the concentration camps is analysed

  3. Book reviews

    Redactie KITLV


    Full Text Available Peter Borschberg (ed., Iberians in the Singapore-Melaka area and adjacent regions (16th to 18th century (Syed Muhd Khairudin Aljunied Katharine L. Wiegele, Investing in miracles; El Shaddai and the transformation of popular Catholicism in the Philippines (Greg Bankoff Jean Gelman Taylor, Indonesia; Peoples and histories (Peter Boomgaard Clive Moore, New Guinea; Crossing boundaries and history (Harold Brookfield Nathan Porath, When the bird flies; Shamanic therapy and the maintenance of worldly boundaries among an indigenous people of Riau (Sumatra (Cynthia Chou and Martin Platt Paul van der Grijp, Identity and development; Tongan culture, agriculture, and the perenniality of the gift (H.J.M. Claessen Tim Bunnell, Malaysia, modernity and the multimedia super corridor; A critical geography of intelligent landscapes (Ben Derudder L. Fontijne, Guardians of the land in Kelimado; Louis Fontijne’s study of a colonial district in eastern Indonesia (Maribeth Erb Karl-Heinz Golzio, Geschichte Kambodschas; Das Land der Khmer von Angkor bis zur Gegenwart (Volker Grabowsky Emmanuel Poisson, Mandarins et subalternes au nord du Viêt Nam; Une bureaucracie à l’épreuve (1820-1918 (Martin Grossheim Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan Heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, Volume 10, 1737-1743 (Gerrit Knaap Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin (eds, International migration in Southeast Asia (Santo Koesoebjono Vladimir Braginsky, The comparative study of traditional Asian literatures; From reflective traditionalism to neo-traditionalism (G.L. Koster Fiona Kerlogue (ed., Performing objects; Museums, material culture and performance in Southeast Asia (Jennifer Lindsay Th.C. van der Meij, Puspakrema; A Javanese romance from Lombok (Julian Millie Robyn Maxwell, Sari to sarong; Five hundred years of Indian and Indonesian textile exchange -- Jasleen Dhamija, Woven magic; The affinity between

  4. Cartas, Constituições e Regras do Instituto Religioso das Irmãs Mestras de Santa Dorotéia: fontes de pesquisa histórica para o estudo das intuições pedagógicas de Paula Frassinetti e da constituição do projeto educativo dos Colégios Doroteanos Letters, Constitutions and Rules of the Master Sisters of the Saint Dorothy Religious Institute: sources of historical research for the study of Paula Frassinetti's pedagogical intuitions and of the constitution of the education project of the Dorothean Schools

    Luciana de Oliveira Sene


    Full Text Available Este trabalho propõe compreender o projeto educativo de Paula Frassinetti (Santa Paula, fundadora da Congregação de Santa Dorotéia tecido a partir de suas intuições pedagógicas, no contexto histórico-cultural do catolicismo ultramontano. Na metodologia, utilizamos as pesquisas histórica e documental das fontes (Cartas e Constituições deixadas por ela. A primeira escola da congregação nasceu em Quinto (1834, na Itália, e, posteriormente, houve expansão para Portugal e Brasil. O referencial teórico está centrado na análise das concepções da Igreja no século XIX, voltado à educação feminina. Sob essa ótica, as Dorotéias encarregaram-se da missão de educar as jovens dentro da moral católica, optando pelo regime de internato. Paula Frassinetti, por meio de suas intuições pedagógicas, construiu as diretrizes de sua Congregação. O resultado deste trabalho consiste em apresentar como suas intuições constituíram o projeto educativo dos Colégios Doroteanos, permeando as convenções sociais e culturais da época e local em que eram inseridas.This work proposes to arrive at an understanding of the education project of Paula Frassinetti (Saint Paula, foundress of the Saint Dorothy Congregation which was elaborated from her pedagogical intuitions in the historical-cultural context of ultramontane Catholicism. In the methodology the historical and documental research of the sources (Letters and Constitutions left by Paula Frassinetti were used. The first school of the Congregation was founded in Quinto (1834, in Italy, and later it expanded to Portugal and Brazil. Its theoretical reference is centered on the analysis of the conceptions of the Church in the 19th century focussing on women's education. With this in view, the Dorotheans undertook the mission of educating youths following Catholic morality and choosing the boarding school system. Paula Frassinetti from her pedagogical intuitions had developed the guidelines of

  5. Manuel Larraín y la conciencia eclesial latinoamericana: Visión y legado de un precursor

    Fernando Berríos


    Full Text Available Manuel Larraín Errázuriz, obispo de Talca, Chile, entre 1938 y 1966, es una de las principales figuras de la Iglesia latinoamericana del siglo XX y uno de los más importantes precursores del Concilio Vaticano II en este continente, sobre todo por su actitud de apertura a los desafíos y complejidades del mundo moderno desde una profunda fidelidad al Evangelio. El artículo busca destacar su aporte, en ese horizonte, a la conformación de una conciencia eclesial auténticamente latinoamericana. La primera parte es una presentación del catolicismo chileno tradicional en que él se formó y que más tarde se abriría a perspectivas más amplias por diversos influjos históricos. La segunda parte se refiere a cuatro grandes temas y circunstancias en los que Manuel Larraín jugó un destacado rol como pastor, forjando así esa conciencia eclesial que ha quedado como su principal legado. El texto concluye con una breve reflexión sobre este legado y sobre los desafíos que él plantea hasta hoy a la Iglesia del continente.Manuel Larraín Errázuriz, bishop of Talca, Chile, between 1938 and 1966, is one of the principal figures of the Latin American Church in the 20th century, and one of the most important forerunners of Vatican Council II on this continent, above all for the openness of his attitude while facing the challenges and complexities of the modern world from a position of deep faithfulness to the Gospel. This article seeks to emphasize his contribution, on that horizon, to the conformation of an authentically Latin American ecclesial consciousness. The first part of this article is a presentation of the traditional Chilean Catholicism in which he was brought up and which, later on, would open itself to wider perspectives thanks to different historical influences. The second part refers to four great themes and the circumstances in which Manuel Larraín played an important role as pastor, thus forging that ecclesial consciousness which

  6. Un referendum sull’otto per mille? Riflessioni sulle fonti

    Francesco Alicino


    relationship between State and Churches, including religious denominations other than Catholicism.

  7. A paradigm shift in German historiography: In the state of Croatia (1941-1945 there was no genocide against the Serbs?

    Umeljić Vladimir


    Full Text Available At the Humboldt University of Berlin, German historian Alexander Korb defended, with the highest grade (summa cum laude, his doctoral thesis in historical studies „In the Shadow of the World War II. Mass violence by the Ustaša against Serbs, Jews and Roma“. His radically new thesis are as follows: 1 in the State of Croatia (1941-1945 „there was no genocide against the Serbs“; 2 clerical component (Croatian Catholic clergy and the Vatican „played no significant role“ in the mass violence against the Serbs in the State of Croatia (1941-1945, so the forced catholicization of the Serbs was „purely secular in character“. Korb, therefore, enters into absolute conflict with the vast majority of previous research papers and their conclusions. Korb’s theses are challenged from three aspects in this analysis: a scientific and historical, b linguistic and philosophical (definitionism theory and c political. Regarding scientific and historical aspects, Korb approached this problem one-sidedly, in a selective way, and from the very beginning drastically reduced i.e. excluded an enormous part of primary historical sources and scientific literature. He excluded all Serbian sources, including testimonies of Serbian survivors and victims, on the grounds that they were either „Serbian nationalists“ or „Serbian communists“, then all testimonies of eye-witnesses from the opressors side - German Nazis and Italian Fascists - with justification that they are manipulated by „Serbian nationalists“ or „Serbian communists“, as well as all primary historical sources and scientific literature which testify of the role of Croatian Roman Catholic clergy and the Vatican, on the basis that they are „anti-clerical“. From linguistic and philosophical aspect, Korb‘s argumentations clearly belong to the principle of „usurpation of power over definitions and psychagogy“ recognized by classical theory of concepts as a convenient

  8. Un punto de inflexión en la vida del padre Alberto Hurtado: Itinerario y balance de su viaje a Europa, de 1947

    Mariana Clavero R.


    Full Text Available Este artículo trata del viaje a Europa que realizó el padre Alberto Hurtado, SJ, en el año 1947, para tomar contacto con el catolicismo social europeo de la postguerra. No se trata solamente de presentar un itinerario externo del viaje, sino de ofrecer también el itinerario interior que se va produciendo en Alberto Hurtado, fruto de sus diversos encuentros: semanas sociales, sesiones de estudio; estadías en économie et Humanisme, Action Populaire, Mission de Paris, con los sacerdotes obreros en Marsella; entrevistas con el Cardenal Suhard y el P. Lebret, en Francia; y finalmente con el General de los jesuitas, el P. Janssens y el Papa Pío XII, en Roma. Dichos encuentros representan un 'punto de inflexión' en su vida espiritual, pastoral e intelectual, que marcó el rumbo de su apostolado social a su regreso a Chile. La primera parte describe cronológicamente el viaje, y la segunda, una visión sistemática de los frutos del viajeThis article treats of the European journey made by Father Alberto Hurtado, S.J., in 1947, to make contact with postwar European Social Catholicism. It not only presents the external itinerary of the trip, but also offers an interior itinerary that was produced in Alberto Hurtado, fruit of his diverse encounters: "social weeks", study sessions, stays in économie et Humanisme, Action Populaire, Mission de Paris, with the worker priests of Marseilles, interviews with Cardinal Suhard and with Fr. Lebret, in France, and finally with the Superior General of the Jesuits, Fr. Janssens, and with Pope Pius XII, in Rome. Said meetings represent a "point of inflection" in his spiritual, pastoral and intellectual life that marked the course of his social apostolate upon his return to Chile. The first part describes the journey chronologically, and the second part, in a systematic view of the fruits of his trip

  9. Los movimientos de mujeres en la Argentina y la emergencia del pueblo feminista Women's movements in Argentina and the emergence of the feminist people

    Graciela Di Marco


    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone analizar el proceso de construcción del pueblo feminista, noción que hace referencia a la cadena de equivalencias que permitió la emergencia de un pueblo que excede al feminismo, pero del cual éste es un punto nodal. El pueblo feminista se opone al catolicismo integral y pretende un laicismo más profundo y con mayor democracia. Se tomará en cuenta el desarrollo del movimiento de mujeres en Argentina desde el retorno de la democracia en 1983 y la posición de la iglesia católica institucional con respecto a los derechos de las mujeres, con su particular conformación en Argentina, en la que, como en la mayoría de los países latinoamericanos, ejerce dominación e influencia sobre el Estado, la sociedad y la cultura. El discurso católico de la sexualidad aparece contestado en una sociedad que se declara mayoritariamente católica, pero que desea practicar su libertad de conciencia y expresión fuera de todo dogmatismo. El pueblo feminista es una nueva articulación de identidades populares que guardan un potencial alternativo para reflexionar sobre las transformaciones sociales contemporáneas.This article proposes the analysis about the process of construction of the feminist people, notion that refers to the chain of equivalencies allowed the emergence of a people beyond feminism, but which it is a nodal point. The feminist people opposed to integral Catholicism and aims to a deeper and more democracy secularism. Takes into account the development of the Women movements in Argentina since the return of democracy in 1983, and the position of the institutional Roman Catholic Church regarding the rights of women, with their particular formation in Argentina, where, as in most Latin American countries, exerts dominance and influence over the State, society and culture. Catholic discourse of sexuality is answered in a society declared mostly Catholic, but where the people practice their freedom of conscience and

  10. 贡山县丙中洛地区多种宗教从冲突到并存、交融发展历史研究%Conflict, coexist and fusion——history study on the religion development of Binzhongluo district, Gongshan county



    Binzhongluo township of Gongshan county, located at the north end of Yunnan Nujiang Lisu Minority Nationality Autonomous Prefecture,Binzhongluo township, transversed by high mountains and deep villages, is the habitat of seven minority nationalities such as Nu, Lisu, Tibet and Dulong. The total population of the township is 6,183, in which that of minority nationalities counts for over 98%. The main beliefs of the local people are primitive religion, Catholicism, Christianity and Tibetan Buddhism (Lamaism). Such stituation make Binzhongluo Township a tipical border area with various nationalities and various religion. In this article, the author took Binzhongluo as a study case, probed into the problem of conflict, coexist and fusion of tranditional religions and spread-in religions in domestic border muti-nationality regions, and its contributions to the transitions of social culture with the lapse of time.%贡山县丙中洛乡位于云南省怒江傈僳族自治州最北端,境内山高谷深,民族众多,居住着怒族、傈僳族、藏族、独龙族等7种民族,其中少数民族人口占总人口的98%以上。当地各族群众主要信仰原始宗教、天主教、基督教和藏传佛教(喇嘛教)。是典型的边疆、多民族、多宗教信仰的地区。本文拟以此为个案,初步探讨在一定的历史时期,我国边疆少数民族地区传统宗教和外来宗教从冲突到并存至相互交融,共同推动社会文化变迁的问题。

  11. Les contextes de la conversion à l’époque de la Réforme Contexts of conversion at time of Reform

    Raymond Mentzer


    obliged to convert to Catholicism in 1685 when the Sun King revoked the Edict of Nantes. How did they go about submitting to conversion and, at the same time, devise strategies for maintaining their Reformed faith, safeguarding their families, and avoiding the menace of the Catholic monarchy and its ecclesiastical allies?

  12. La peinture religieuse monumentale, une expression artistique emblématique du nord de la France au XIXe siècle ?

    Catherine Guillot


    Full Text Available Issue d’une première tentative de synthèse portant sur la peinture monumentale religieuse à Lille dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, cette étude permet d’exhumer l’œuvre d’artistes régionaux, mais également belges et néerlandais, mettant en évidence le rôle de carrefour de l’actuelle métropole lilloise. Dans une région fortement marquée par le catholicisme, les sujets traités sont à la fois le reflet des dévotions nationales et de cultes plus locaux, que ce soit à travers la figure de saint Vincent de Paul, le rôle de la Vierge ou la dévotion aux âmes du purgatoire qui prend une importance particulière à partir du foyer de Loos. Cette expression artistique et religieuse se développe sous la forme de grands cycles dont la réalisation connaît son apogée sous la IIIe République, en particulier de 1880 à 1900. Une fois ce panorama dressé, il devient possible d’interroger les catégories traditionnelles de l’art à cette époque, la notion centrale de primitivisme et les jugements de valeur auxquels cette peinture est encore souvent soumise.This article is based on a synthetic analysis of monumental religious painting at Lille during the second half of the 19th century. This study led to the rediscovery of many regional artists, but also Belgian and Dutch artists, underlining the long history of Lille’s present-day position as an international crossroads. In a region which was strongly marked by Catholicism, the subjects dealt with offer a reflection of national devotional practices but also draw attention to more local cults. Examples here include the figure of Saint Vincent de Paul, the role of the Virgin Mary and the devotion to souls in purgatory, which is particularly important in Loos. This artistic and religious expression develops according to major cycles which reached a high point during the Third Republic, and particularly from 1880 to 1890. Once this general overview has been established

  13. Inquisição, religiosidade e transformações culturais: a sinagoga das mulheres e a sobrevivência do judaísmo feminino no Brasil colonial - Nordeste, séculos XVI-XVII

    Angelo Adriano Faria de Assis


    Full Text Available A visitação do Santo Ofício ao Nordeste açucareiro entre 1591e 1595 traria à tona os conflitos sociais e a disputa de interesses entre cristãos velhos e novos. Principais delatados, os neoconversos tornam-se figuras centrais das acusações feitas à mesa e vítimas em potencial das generalizações sobre seu suposto comportamento criptojudaico, acusados das mais diversas heresias. Dentre os delatados, chama a atenção o significativo número de mulheres, baluartes da resistência judaica, difusoras de sua cultura e tradições para as novas gerações. Responsáveis pelo ambiente doméstico, seriam as grandes propagadoras do judaísmo secreto e diminuto que se tornara possível após as proibições de livre crença no mundo português a partir de 1497, e a instauração da Inquisição, em 1536, quando os lares passaram a representar papel preponderante para a divulgação e sobrevivência das tradições dos filhos de Israel.The visit of the Holly Inquisition to the northeast of Brazil between 1591 and 1595 would expose social conflicts and disputes of interests among old and new Christians. The last were the potential victims and the main accused of maintaining a crypto-judaic behavior, performing several heresies. Among the accused, there was an impressive number of women, center of Jewish resistence, transmitting the culture and the tradition to the new generations. After the prohibition of any other faith than Catholicism in the Portuguese world in 1497 and the stablishment of the Inquisition in 1536, women would become responsible for the diffusion of secret Judaism. Homes became a central place to the survival of Jewish traditions.

  14. Construyendo consenso y legitimidad. La proyección política del catecismo de escolástico Zegada en tiempos de la ‘Confederación’ Argentina (1853-1862

    Medina, Federico


    Full Text Available In 1855 Justo José de Urquiza -president of the Argentine ‘Confederation’- resolved reissue wiyh public funds the catechism Christian Instructions and recommend to the formation of children in primary schools of the 'Confederation'. The author of the text was jujeño cleric Escolástico Zegada (1813-1871. In rewriting, praised the Urquiza’s administration and explicitly summoned for readers to support the government. For this, the cleric used biblical models of Roman Catholicism. Thus, this paper examines, firstly, the reasons why Urquiza and his cabinet resolved reissue the catechism. Secondly, is studied how symbolically constructed cleric Urquiza’s leadership ahead of the national government. So, it seeks to understand the particularities of the relationship between temporal and heavenly power in Argentina by midnineteenth century.En 1855 Justo José de Urquiza -presidente de la ‘Confederación’ Argentina- resolvió reeditar con fondos públicos el catecismo Instrucciones Cristianas y recomendarlo para la formación de niños en las escuelas de primeras letras de la ‘Confederación’. El autor del texto fue el clérigo jujeño Escolástico Zegada (1813-1871. En la reescritura, exaltaba la administración de Urquiza y convocaba de forma explícita a los lectores a apoyar al gobierno. Para ello, el clérigo utilizó modelos bíblicos del catolicismo romano. En consecuencia, el presente trabajo analiza, en primer lugar, los motivos por los cuales Urquiza y miembros de su gabinete resolvieron reeditar el catecismo. En segundo lugar, se estudia cómo el clérigo construía simbólicamente el liderazgo de Urquiza al frente del gobierno nacional. Así, se busca comprender las particularidades de las relaciones entre poder temporal y poder celestial en la Argentina hacia mediados del siglo XIX.

  15. Rituais Fúnebres em memórias de velhos (Funeral rituals in old people memories - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n24p1112

    Marisete Teresinha Hoffmann-Horochovski


    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Este artigo discute as mudanças e permanências que caracterizam o universo simbólico da morte, especialmente no tocante aos rituais fúnebres. O intuito principal é perceber como esses rituais foram se modificando significativamente na sociedade brasileira das últimas décadas do século XX, principalmente nos centros urbanos. Para tanto, investigamos memórias de idosos com sessenta e cinco anos ou mais, socializados no catolicismo e residentes em Curitiba/PR, colhidas por meio da história oral. Sobreviventes, os velhos pesquisados testemunharam muitas mortes e participaram de inúmeros rituais ao longo de sua existência e, por isso mesmo, podem lembra-los e transmiti-los com propriedade. Por meio de suas vozes, abre-se a possibilidade de entender uma época na qual a morte representava verdadeiro acontecimento social que promovia interação e reforçava os laços de solidariedade. Época que contrasta com a atual, caracterizada pela crescente dessocialização da morte e pela aceleração e simplificação das práticas rituais. Palavras-chave: Morte. Rituais fúnebres. Memórias de velhos. Abstract This article aims to discuss the changes and continuities that characterize the symbolic universe of death, particularly with regard to funeral rites. This research also aims to comprehend how these rituals have been modified significantly in Brazilian society over the last decades of the twentieth century, especially in urban centers. In this sense, this paper investigates the memories of people older than 65 years of age, who were socialized in Catholicism and resides in Curitiba – Paraná –Brazil. These memories were collected through oral history. The surveyed people witnessed many deaths and participated in various rituals throughout its existence and, for this reason they can recall these rituals and transmit them properly. Through these elderly people


    Gómez Figueroa Patricia


    Full Text Available Resumen:Presento la validación de la unidad didáctica: Historia de la Iglesia Católica en Costa Rica: desafíos y respuestas de Miguel Picado Gatjens realizada con el alumnado del Centro Universitario Metropolitano de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia (UNED y un equipo interdisciplinario. La unidad se validó mediante un cuestionario escrito, diseñado por la Oficina del Programa de Materiales Impresos (PROMADE de la UNED y aplicado a estudiantes y profesionales. Se determinó cómo y qué enseñar acerca de la historia del catolicismo para promover la reflexión y la formación en el estudiante universitario a distancia. Con el diseño y la elaboración del texto didáctico se regularon los contenidos y se seleccionaron los objetivos básicos de aprendizaje, las pautas metodológicas y las experiencias del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje necesarios para perfeccionar, en un futuro, el proceso de elaboración de textos didácticos para la educación a distancia.Abstract:I present the validation of the book History of the Catholic Church of Costa Rica: Challenges and Answers (Historia de la Iglesia Católica de Costa Rica: desafíos y respuestas by Miguel Picado Gatjens made with the help of the students of the Metropolitan University Center of the State Distance University (Centro Universitario Metropolitano de la Universidad Estatal a Distancia, UNED and a team from different fields of study.This book was validated through a written survey designed by the Office of Program of Written Materials (La Oficina de Programa de Materiales Didácticos, PROMADE of UNED and it was given to the alumni and the faculty. It was concluded from the results of the survey, how and what to teach about the history of Catholicism in order to promote thought and good development in the students of the State University of Distance Learning (UNED. With the design and creation of this text, the contents, the learning objectives and activities and the methodology

  17. Contrastive Study of the Philippines' Language Policies during the Spanish and American Colonial Period and its Enlightenment%西、美殖民菲律宾时期的语言政策对比研究及其启示



    16至20世纪,菲律宾先后遭受西班牙和美国的殖民统治,根基薄弱的自身文化受到西方语言帝国主义的强烈冲击和影响。西班牙殖民者采用分化语言政策,通过把菲律宾当地语言拉丁字母化来传播天主教,并禁止、限制菲律宾人使用西班牙语;美国取代西班牙占领菲律宾后采取殖民同化语言政策,通过新教传播而大力推广普及英语,使菲律宾至今仍是亚洲使用英语人口最多的国家之一。本文从社会语言学的视角共时对比研究西、美殖民菲律宾时期语言政策的异同,旨在揭示语言政策的语言学层面意义和社会学层面意义,以期探索其对新时期中国语言政策的启示。%The Philippines suffered from the colonial rules by Spain and the US from the 16th to the 20th century.Western linguistic imperialism extended its great impacts on the Philippines' weak cultural foundation then.Spain propagated Catholicism in the Philippines via the Romanization of local languages,adopted the colonial polarization language policy of forbidding the Philippines from speaking Spanish;US conquered the Philippines and took the assimilation language policy via the Protestantism to popularize English,which makes the Philippines one of the Asian countries where English is frequently used.In the light of sociolinguistics,this article attempts to make a contrastive study from the synchronic perspective on the Philippine language policy during the Spanish and American colonial period,to reveal the linguistic meaning and sociological meaning of such language policy,and its enlightenment to the Chinese language policy in the new era.

  18. Festa da Ouriçada e devoção a Santa Luzia na praia de Suape-PE: expressão sincrética e simbólica da biodiversidade e do território de pescadores artesanais (Sea Urching Festival and the devotion to Santa Lucia, on the beach of Suape, Pernambuco.

    Juana de Oliveira Santos


    ethnographic study that uses the participant observation and interviews with special emphasis on life story, as well as literature and documents.   The methodology took into account also the memory narrative composed of “symbols that mark the identity of a social group”. (TEDESCO, 2002, highlighting elements as “social relationship, their ties of belonging, the nature of biophysical meaning into their lives and the environmental conflicts experienced” (SOUZA, 2009. Keywords: Popular Catholicism. Territorial conflicts. Symbolism. Biodiversity.

  19. La jerarquía católica española en perspectiva comparada. La confrontación política entre la Iglesia y el Gobierno socialista a comienzos del siglo XXI

    Aguilar, Susana


    Full Text Available The Spanish Catholic church (SCC conforms a multi-issue interest group with a heterogeneous political record: unlike finance and education, two key areas which are covered by the 1979 Agreements with the Vatican, moral policies need not be negotiated with public authorities. Responding to the liberalization of abortion and approval of same-sex marriage by the Zapatero government, the SCC, in contrast with other churches under similar political circumstances, has embarked upon a confrontation strategy in alliance with conservative Catholic groups and like-minded political parties. Its monopoly position in a society that still defines itself as predominantly Catholic (sociological argument, the inextricable link between Catholicism and national identity (historical argument and its privileged relationship with the state, as a result of the 1979 Agreements with the Vatican state and its partially-established constitutional status (institutional argument help understand this strategy. The Episcopal Conference (EC is the main responsible for confrontation at the state level while the bishops, at the regional one, have set out to defend church interests, and minimize the inflicted “damage”, by means of a number of agreements with regional authorities. Thus, the EC might end up losing political power in favour of regional EC, promoted not only by local nationalist churches but also by the increasing relevance of the regional level for church interests.La Iglesia católica española (ICE constituye un grupo de interés multi-issue con distintos resultados en su actividad política: la financiación y la educación son asuntos clave en los que está protegida por los Acuerdos de 1979, pero los poderes públicos no tienen la obligación de negociar con esta institución políticas de contenido moral. Como respuesta a la liberalización del aborto y a la aprobación del matrimonio de personas del mismo sexo, promovidas por el Gobierno de Rodr

  20. Book Reviews

    Redactie KITLV


    Full Text Available -John F. Szwed, Richard Price, First-Time: the historical vision of an Afro-American people. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Johns Hopkins Studies in Atlantic History and Culture, 1983, 191 pp. -Thomas J. Spinner Jr., Reynold Burrowes, The Wild Coast: an account of politics in Guyana. Cambridge MA: Schenkman Publishing Company, 1984. xx + 348 pp. -Gad Heuman, Edward L. Cox, Free Coloreds in the slave societies of St. Kitts and Grenada, 1763-1833. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984. xiii + 197 pp. -H. Michael Erisman, Anthony Payne, The international crisis in the Caribbean. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984. 177 p. -Lester D. Langley, Richard Newfarmer, From gunboats to diplomacy: new U.S. policies for Latin America. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1984. xxii + 254 pp. -Trevor W. Purcell, Diane J. Austin, Urban life in Kingston, Jamaica: the culture and class ideology of two neighbourhoods. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Caribbean Studies Vol. 3, 1984. XXV + 282 PP. -Robert A. Myers, Richard B. Sheridan, Doctors and slaves: a medical and demographic history of slavery in the British West Indies, 1680-1834. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1985. xxii + 420 pp. -Michéle Baj Strobel, Christiane Bougerol, La médecine populaire á la Guadeloupe. Paris: Editions Karthala, 1983. 175 pp. -R. Parry Scott, Annette D. Ramirez de Arellano ,Colonialism, Catholicism, and contraception: a history of birth control in Puerto Rico. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1983. xii + 219 pp., Conrad Seipp (eds -Gervasio Luis García, Francis A. Scarano, Sugar and slavery in Puerto Rico: the plantation economy of Ponce, 1800-1850. Madison WI and London: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1984. xxv + 242 pp. -Fernando Picó, Edgardo Diaz Hernandez, Castãner: una hacienda cafetalera en Puerto Rico (1868-1930. Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial

  1. La Biblioteca del Monasterio de Fitero a fines del Renacimiento e inicio del Barroco

    Ostolaza Elizondo, Maria Isabel


    Full Text Available The article describes the time of the creation of library of the Cistercian monastery of Fitero (Navarre. Over the years it became one of the most important in the kingdom, until its decline trougth secularisations and confiscations of property suffered by the convent in the 19th century. The data on its initial phase come from the books of the abbots Fray Marcos de Villalva and Fray Ignacio Fermín de Ibero, both originally from Castile, who were appointed abbots vy virtue of the righ to royal patronage exercised by King Philip II. Although most of the books belong, as could be expected to an ecclesiastical library, a surprising case inthat of Abbot Ibero for the wide range of subjets he covers and the high quality of the editions, often accompanied by engravings and musical notes. Through these books, which are either identified through the exlibris or references ot notarial list, one can perceive the important ecclesiastical issues of the day: the reform of the monasteries and the practice of Orthodox Catholicism, and also secular issues that came to the knowledge of the monastery related to the two great powers of the Catholic world, the monarchy and the papacy.El artículo recoge los momentos de la creación de la biblioteca del monasterio cisterciense de Fitero (Navarra, que sería con el tiempo una de las más importantes de ese reino, hasta su mengua por causa de las distintas exclaustraciones y desamortizaciones que sufrió el convento en el s. XIX. Los datos de estos primeros tiempos corresponden a las librerías de fray Marcos de Villalva y fray Ignacio Fermín de Ibero, ambos procedentes de Castilla y nombrados abades fiterenses en virtud del derecho de patronato real ejercido por Felipe II. Aunque la mayoría de los libros corresponden a lo que se entendería como lógico en una biblioteca eclesiástica, sorprende en el caso de la del abad Ibero la amplitud de la temática y la calidad de las ediciones, en muchos casos con grabados

  2. Festa e Turismo Religioso: a procissão em louvor ao Nosso Senhor dos Passos na cidade de São Cristóvão (Sergipe - Brasil (Feast and Religious Tourism - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n20p96

    Ivan Rêgo Aragão


    " of Brazilians. This present article seeks to address aspects of the Procession of "Nosso Senhor dos Passos" the city of São Cristóvão state of Sergipe. The methodology used was literature, with discussion in the theoretical field of Baroque, Devotional Feast, Tradition, Religion, Procession, Religious Tourism, Culture and Identity. We also carried out field research, with direct observation.With this study, it was noticeable that, as distant territory of Portugal, the religious feasties in Brazil have taken a very dynamic, absorbing the profane elements and reframing through popular appeal. Key words: Religious Tourism; Catholicism; Feast; Nosso Senhor dos Passos.

  3. A interpretação de fenômenos religiosos contemporâneos a partir de Weber: notas inspiradas em uma leitura crítica do Novo Mapa das Religiões - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n23p674

    Lemuel Dourado Guerra


    knowledge rather than ideographic, as intended by the author; b the treatment of ideal types of the capitalism, of the puritan religious beliefs, and of the Catholicism as if they were empirical realities and not abstract constructs; c the search for the contemporary  replication of the relationship between the Protestant ethic and the emergence and development of Capitalism in England and in Germany. In short, this essay presents a critical reading of the analysis presented in the article titled New map of religions. Keywords: Weber. Methodology. Religion in Brazil. 

  4. Polish Decadence: Leopold Staff's Igrzysko in the European Context

    Julia Przybos


    Full Text Available Decadent authors writing about the past share a common artistic practice: revisionist creativity. I argue in my Zoom sur les décadents that this particular type of creativity uses as its main device recombination of legends, myths, and historical events. Historical, cultural or religious figures are reexamined and shown in a new unexpected light. I show in my book how Villiers de Isle-Adam conflates two crucial battles of the Ancient world: Marathon (490 BC and Thermopiles (480 BC in ashort story called "Impatience de la foule." The final result of Villiers's telescoping of separate historical events is a seamless narrative. In Hugues Rebell's "Une Saison à Baia," Saint Paul attempts to convert Roman patricians who mock his incoherent speeches. In "La Gloire de Judas," Bernard Lazare departs from the Gospels and tells the tragic story of Judas whose betrayal made the salvation of the human race possible. In Lazare's short story, Judas is a self-effacing figure who doesn't act on his own but on Jesus Christ's specific order, who sworns him into secrecy.Common in French decadent fiction, religious revisionism was largely tolerated in the secular Third Republic. Whereas censorship was quick to punish naturalist authors writing about debauched clergy in contemporary France (e.g. Louis Deprez and Henry Fèvre's Autour d'un clocher decadent authors reinventing ancient religious stories and retelling the life of catholic saints enjoyed a relative freedom ofexpression.It is my hypothesis that taken out of its secular context, religious revisionism of the kind practiced by French decadents may be seen as shocking transgression in a fiercely catholic country like Poland. In the country that lost its independence in 1794 and was ever since seeking to regain it, Catholic Church was perceived as an essential ally in the struggle against main occupying powers: Orthodox Russia, and Protestant Prussia. In the course of the 19th century Catholicism and

  5. La Compañía de Jesús y la defensa de la monarquía hispánica

    Burrieza Sánchez, Javier


    Full Text Available Since the foundation of the Society of Jesus in 1540, there was identification between its spiritual aims and the task ascribed to the Spanish Monarchy. The article starts pointing out the traditional concept of the Jesuits as an army and the constant association that empowered them. It establishes how different people of the Society have been related with the government and the different ways of the Jesuits to get involved in politics, as well as the most important Jesuits who have taken part in these interventions. It is explained, later, some of the main political problems where the Society participated: the supposed Spanish identity of the Order, which was questioned after Francisco de Borja´s death in 1572; the conspiratory image associated to the desires of the Catholic Restoration in England; the defence of Catholicism in Europe while the war, during the first half of the XVII century; the Jesuits´ position in the crisis of the Monarchy in 1640, specially, during the independence of Portugal; and finally, the utopias and clashes of interests in the Spanish America, as well as the missionary plans proposed for China. So, the Jesuits weren’t unaware of the political life in the modern Spanish.Desde la fundación de la Compañía de Jesús en 1540, se produjo una identificación entre los objetivos espirituales de la misma y la misión atribuida a la Monarquía española. El artículo comienza matizando el concepto tradicional de los jesuitas como ejército y la continua asociación que se les ha realizado con el poder. Establece cómo diferentes individuos de la Compañía se han relacionado con los gobiernos y los distintos medios de intervención de los jesuitas en la política, así como los jesuitas más importantes que han protagonizado estas intervenciones. Se plantea, después, algunos de los principales problemas políticos en los que intervino la Compañía: la supuesta identidad española de la orden, cuestionada tras la

  6. 《汇报》与其天文地理知识传播%Revue Pour Tous and the spread of astronomical and geographical knowledge

    魏梦月; 姚远


    Aim To sort the spread of astronomical and geographical knowledge in the beginning since Revue Pour Tous changed its name (Issue 100 - Issue 211) and supply new reference clues for the studies of the development of Chinese journals during the late Qing period. Methods Reference analysis of the original journals and the research method. Results By the statistics of 112 issues (Issue 100 - Issue 211) of Revue Pour Tous since it just has changed its name, it's found that there were about 412 articles regarding the spread on the natural science knowledge, in which 62 articles on geography were mainly about human geography; 30 articles of astronomy focused on the serialization of the scientific work, Key to Western Studies, introducing the basic knowledge of astronomy since the 17th and 18th century. Conclusion From the human geography aspect, compared with Yiwenlu, Revue Pour Tous clearly centered on the introduction of political profile of every country, which was undoubtedly correlated with the changes of the political situation at that time, which had better helping "enlightening the people" , accelerating the awaking of the nation and making positive contributions to the emergence of Chinese bourgeois ideas; however, the initial point for actively spreading the natural sciences always lay on promoting the dogma of Catholicism. From a certain point of view, disseminating western studies was just a roundabout means for the missionary journals to preach and its real purpose was not to help China to become rich and build up its military power.%目的 整理《汇报》更名初期(第100号-第211号)中天文地理知识的传播,为研究晚清中文期刊的演化提供新的文献线索.方法 原始期刊文献分析和考证法.结果 通过对《汇报》更名初期第100号-第211号共112期的统计表明,有关自然科学知识传播内容的篇目共412篇,其中,地理学62篇以人文地理为主;天文学30篇主要以连载科学巨著《西

  7. John Dewey na argumentação de autores católicos - The way John Dewey’s ideas are used by catholic authors

    Viviane da Costa


    Full Text Available Resumo O presente estudo analisa o discurso educacional veiculado por seis obras de autores católicos publicadas no Brasil entre 1930 e 1960, época em que representantes do pensamento católico disputaram com os liberais o domínio do campo educacional. São apresentadas as falas dos autores a respeito das propostas educacionais da Escola Nova e, em particular, dos princípios filosóficos, sociais e pedagógicos de John Dewey. O objetivo é expor as estratégias discursivas utilizadas pelos autores para persuadir os leitores e encaminhá-los a práticas educacionais consoantes com os preceitos do catolicismo, garantindo assim o predomínio das idéias católicas em âmbito social. A metodologia é a análise retórica baseada nos trabalhos de Chaïm Perelman e Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca, Tratado da argumentação, e Stephen Toulmin, Os usos do argumento. Palavras-chave: discurso educacional católico; Escola Nova; John Dewey; análise retórica.   THE WAY JOHN DEWEY’S IDEAS ARE USED BY CATHOLIC AUTHORS Abstract The present study analyses the educational speech through six works of catholic authors published in Brazil between 1930’s and 60’s during a time where the representatives of the Catholicism disputed with the liberals the dominion of the educational field. It shows the arguments of the catholic intellectuals in relation to the new pedagogical purposes and in particular of John Dewey´s philosophical, social and pedagogic principles. It aim is to show the strategic speech used by the authors to persuade the readers to practice the Catholic Pedagogy making sure, that way, the dominance of catholic ideas. This methodology is rhetorical analysis, based upon the works of the Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca, Traité de L´argumentation, and Stephen Toulmin, The uses of arguments. Keywords: catholic educational speech; New School; John Dewey; rhetorical analysis.   JOHN DEWEY EN LA ARGUMENTACIÓN DE AUTORES CATÓLICOS Resumen

  8. A evolução da Igreja Católica no Brasil à luz de pesquisas recentes (The evolution of the Catholic Church in Brazil at the light of recent research - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n28p1208

    Johan Konings


    e religião na região metropolitana (Values and religion in the metropolitan region, which was carried out in 2012. The reading proposed by this article focuses especially on what the data from these investigations says about the Catholic Church. After commenting briefly on some elements presented by the research, the text proposes some interpretive keys. The first is a socio-religious reading, showing that the steep decline in rates of belonging to Catholicism is the result of the shift from an “environmental” and “natal” type of religion to a religion of “conviction,” with a “confessional” nature. Secondly, the article presents some roots of this way of understanding faith in the New Testament and in the Second Vatican Council’s reading of the nature and mission of the Church. Finally, it concludes with some pastoral considerations, pointing not so much to solutions regarding the decline in Catholic belonging, but rather to the attitudes that a “confessional” church should have in our time. Key-words: IBGE Census 2010. Census data on religions. Catholic Church in Brazil. Theological reading

  9. Representações sociais sobre qualidade de vida para idosos Representaciones sociales sobre la calidad de vida para la tercera edad Social representations of elders' quality of life

    Luípa Michele Silva


    apoyar a los profesionales en la comprensión de la adhesión de las prácticas preventivas de la política y el fortalecimiento de los ancianos dirigidos a este grupo poblacional.This study aimed to identify elders' social representations of quality of life. This is an exploratory study with a sample of 240 elders, of both sexes. For data collection we used a Free Association Test with Words, using the inductive stimulus "quality of life" and sociodemographic variables. The interviews were analyzed with the software Alceste. Of the 240 studied eslders, 167 were women, with the dominant age from 60 to 69 years, income between two and three minimum wages, most of the married and with catholicism as the predominant religion. The results from Alceste pointed towards seven hierarchical classes: accessibility, work, activity, support, affection, care and interactions. Social representations of quality of life by elders can support professionals in understanding the adhesion to preventive practices for the elderly and in strengthening policies directed to this population.

  10. Pela educação lutaremos o bom combate: a instrução operária como um campo de disputas entre católicos e anarquistas na primeira república brasileira - For education will fight the good combat: the workers' education as a field of disputes between catholic

    Isabel Bilhão, Brasil


    Full Text Available Neste artigo aborda-se o contexto de transformações sócio-educacionais ocorridas ao longo da Primeira República brasileira, quando o crescimento urbano-industrial e o aumento da força organizativa e numérica do operariado começou a se fazer sentir, ensejando o crescimento de disputas de diferentes grupos em torno da educação dos trabalhadores. Observam-se as polêmicas travadas entre integrantes do clero católico e militantes anarquistas pela adesão operária às suas concepções educativas.Palavras-chave: movimento operário, educação, polêmicas, anarquismo, catolicismo. FOR EDUCATION WILL FIGHT THE GOOD COMBAT: THE WORKERS' EDUCATION AS A FIELD OF DISPUTES BETWEEN CATHOLICS AND ANARCHISTS IN THE FIRST BRAZILIAN REPUBLICAbstractThe article addresses the context of social and educational changes that occurred along the Brazilian First Republic, in which urban-industrial growth and increased the organizational and numerical strength of the workers began to be noticeable, increasing disputes of the distinct groups around the workers education. Will observe the polemics between members of the catholic clergy and anarchist militants by the adhesion of the working class to their educational conceptions.Key-words: labour movement, education, polemics, anarchism, catholicism.       POR LA EDUCACIÓN LUCHAREMOS EL BUEN COMBATE: LA INSTRUCCIÓN DE LOS TRABAJADORES COMO UN CAMPO DE DISPUTAS ENTRE LOS CATÓLICOS Y LOS ANARQUISTAS EN LA PRIMERA REPÚBLICA DE BRASILResumenEl artículo aborda el contexto de transformaciones socio educacionales ocurridas a lo largo de la Primera República en Brasil, en el cual el crecimiento urbano-industrial y el aumento de la fuerza organizativa y numérica de los obreros empezaba a ser sentida, intensificando las disputas de distintos grupos alrededor de la educación de los trabajadores. Se observan las polémicas trabadas entre miembros del clero católico y militantes anarquistas por la adhesi

  11. A visibilidade e representação social das religiões nos selos postais brasileiros (The visibility and social representations of religions in Brazil postage stamps.DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2012v10n25p233

    Diego Andres Salcedo


    stamps. From the observation and identification of religious recurrences 222 commemorative stamps were compiled. The study correlated the recurring religious theme with the historical Brazilian context, taking into account the decline of the Catholicism as the major religion in Brazil and also the representations of the religious practices in the media. The conclusion of this paper indicates the influence of the National Conference of the Bishops of Brazil regarding the Ministry of the Communications, establishing and enforcing the visibility of Brazilian personalities, events, and also of catholic practices taken as special and superior in comparison with other religious practices.Key-words: Brazil; Religion; Postage Stamps; Social Representation; Visibility.

  12. La identidad nacional y Calderón en la polémica teatral de 1762-1764

    Bezhanova, Olga


    Full Text Available Drawing on contemporary theories about national identity, legitimacy and intellectual authority this article explores identitarian issues at stake during the 1762-1764 controversy on Spanish theater. Re-reading texts by Clavijo y Fajardo (El Pensador, Nicolás Fernández de Moratín (Desengaños al teatro español and other writings, Mariano José Nipho (Diario Estrangero and La nación española defendida and José Romea y Tapia (El escritor sin título we contend that what these authors are debating indeed is not theater but the legitimacy and authority they are claiming for, and ultimately opposing conceptions of national identity. Calderón becoming a cultural icon of such identity. Particularly significant is the role of autos sacramentales in this context. In effect, acrimony and irritation are part of this polemics because orthodox Catholicism is, from a conservative point of view, an essential component of what they consider Spanish national identity. The prohibition of the autos is just a sign of a temporary change in the relationship of forces.A partir de teorías actuales sobre la identidad nacional, la legitimidad y la autoridad intelectual, este artículo explora los puntos clave identitarios que se ponen en juego durante la polémica sobre el teatro español de los años 1762-1764. Mediante una re-lectura de los textos de Clavijo y Fajardo (El Pensador, Nicolás Fernández de Moratín (Desengaños al teatro español y otros escritos, Mariano José Nipho (Diario Estrangero y La nación española defendida y José Romea y Tapia (El escritor sin título, sostenemos que lo que estos autores discuten realmente no es sobre el teatro, sino sobre la legitimidad y autoridad que reclaman, y en último término concepciones enfrentadas sobre la identidad nacional, de la que Calderón parece convertirse en icono cultural. De particular significación es el papel de los autos sacramentales en este contexto. En efecto, la acritud y la irritaci

  13. Nationalism among the Croats

    Prica Bogdan


    Serbs into Catholicism. In addition, envy towards the Serbs in the Border area – warriors and free men – began to develop more and more among the Croatian peasants in the Ban’s Croatia, in the so-called provincial, who still remained the serfs of their gentry. The author underlines that the Croatian Serbophobias have deep historical and social roots, and points to the typical historical facts which confirm that. Croatian nationalism withdrew only sporadically before the Illyrian Yugoslavism, which saw several rises and falls in Croatia. Yugoslavism was strengthened only when the pressure from Vienna, Pest or the Italians was stronger and, secondly, it worked only when there were chances to realize it from Zagreb, not from Belgrade. As soon as one of these two conditions was not met, Croatian spirit exclusively prevailed. The author disagrees with those who believed that the Croatian nationalism could have been neutralized by decentralization, federalization and democratization of the common state. He thinks that the Croatian nationalist movement did not want a just arrangement of the relations with the Serbs, but Croatia with the border on the Drina, in which the Serbian nation would be stifled with the use of "modern" methods. Therefore, he believes that only a resolute resistance of the Serbs in the defence of their interests could stop Croatian chauvinism.

  14. Ochrona kultury narodowej w koncepcjach współczesnej prawicy narodowej w Polsce

    Grzegorz Radomski


    Full Text Available Protection of natural culture in concepts of the contemporary National Right Wing in PolandIn the centre of the system of values of the National Right Wing which revived after 1989 there are still nation, family and religion. The nation as community of culture is in opinion of the said parties exposed to dangers. The main risks are in their opinion as follows: cosmopolitism, Communist ideology, individualism, liberalism; secularization.In Poland, such ideas are, in the opinion of the National Right Wing, propagated by the liberal and post-communist circles. In the beginning they demanded that the communist activists are brought to justice. Some columnists refer to antisemitism. They perceive also the fall of the literary output. They assess critically the novels of Czesław Miłosz, Stanisław Barańczak or Olga Tokarczuk. Similar assessments regard the works of Polish historians. As preventive measures the following is mentioned: appropriate educational activity, statutory protection of national heritage, broadening of Catholicism, promotion of national culture. They attach great importance to the national branding. Its components are history, language, political regime, architecture, literature, art, religion, icons landscape, music. They would probably accept the opinion of Michael Porter: “Many contemporary discussions of international competition stress global homogenization and a diminished role for nations. But, in truth, national differences are at the heart of competitive success.” Ochrona kultury narodowej w koncepcjach współczesnej prawicy narodowej w PolsceW centrum systemu wartości odrodzonego po 1989 roku ruchu narodowego pozostają naród, rodzina i religia. Naród, traktowany jako wspólnota kultury, narażony jest w ocenie wspominanych wyżej środowisk na liczne zagrożenia. Za najgroźniejsze uznają one: kosmopolityzm, ideologię komunistyczną, indywidualizm, liberalizm, sekularyzację. W Polsce wspomniane idee maj

  15. Discussing ethnohistory: The Blin between periphery and international politics in the 19th century

    Wolbert G.C. Smidt


    sides. While the Blin of Bogos accepted their vassalry towards /Hamasen, they also assured international protection by converting to Catholicism in great numbers. The Blin of Halhal converted to Islam, thus avoiding future raids from vassals of Egyptian Sudan. This article argues that the main strategy of the Blin was that of an active adaptation to political and religious domination by greater powers, which allowed them to preserve their highly developed internal autonomy, based on an age-old non-centralized confederacy (network of Blin leaders.

  16. Żydzi w dyskursie Kościoła katolickiego

    Marzena Makuchowska


    anti-Semitism.After 1989 in Poland anti-Jewish inclinations returned, especially in the circle of the so callled Catholicism of the Maryja Radio. Again Jews are accused of causing damage to Poles, and the language of those statements is very much like in the discourse before the Council. Żydzi w dyskursie Kościoła katolickiegoArtykuł opisuje ważne zmiany w dyskursie Kościoła katolickiego w odniesieniu do wyznawców judaizmu, które pojawiły się po Soborze Watykańskim II. Jedną z nich jest różnica pomiędzy stanem tekstów w dwóch różnych momentach: przed i po soborze. Dlatego pierwszą część artykułu autorka poświęca charakterystyce przedsoborowego (i w większości przedwojennego dyskursu na temat Żydów, a część drugą – głównym kierunkom zmian spowodowanym realizacją postulatów soboru. Część trzecia pokazuje objawy kontynuacji starych, głęboko zakorzenionych schematów. Analiza częściowo odnosi się do ogólnych tekstów Kościoła, a częściowo do tekstów Kościoła publikowanych w Polsce.Polski przedsoborowy dyskurs o Żydach był wyjątkowo negatywny. Liturgia katolicka przedstawiała Żydów jako tych, którzy torturowali i zabili Jezusa (mit bogobójcy. W kazaniach, listach duszpasterskich i katolickiej prasie Żydów pokazywano jako wrogów nie tylko chrześcijan, lecz szczególnie Polaków, ponieważ Kościół w Polsce zaangażował się w kreowanie narodowo i religijnie homogenicznego kraju pod sloganem „Polska dla Polaków”. Reprodukowano wszystkie tradycyjne mity (Żydzi jako szkodnicy, spiskowcy, rozpustnicy itd. Używano wiele środków lingwistycznych, by zdegradować Żydów, np. zdrobnienia, animalizację (czyli mówienie o Żydach jako o zwierzętach czy tak zwany kakofemizm (czyli używanie słów o pejoratywnym znaczeniu, aby sprowokować uczucie moralnego i fizycznego obrzydzenia.Po Vaticanum II treści reprodukujące przedstawienie Żydów jako bogobójców zostały usunięte z liturgii. Pozytywny

  17. Rezar para sanar: el recurso mágico-religioso en la búsqueda de la salud (Praying for healing: the magical-religious resort in the search for health

    Castilla-Vazquez, Carmen


    anthropological fieldwork conducted by the author in the field of popular Catholicism in Andalusia (Spain, work funded by the Commission of Ethnology of the Andalucian government for the realization of her thesis PhD. In order to fight and end disease, different cultural systems offer both empirical and supernatural answers, especially in situations where scientific medicine lacks one. In those circumstances, people resort to metaphysical explanations in an attempt to propitiate supernatural beings so that they apply their healing powers. In traditional catholic societies Andalusia for the case that concerns us people have used, and still do, a magical-religious model based on the belief that supernatural beings (God, the Virgin or the saints possess enough power to interrupt the course of any disease. In addition, this model comprises a ritual to invoke the participation of the supernatural beings in the rearrangement of some fact in exchange for a votive offering. My aim in this paper is to present this religious ritual whose main motivation is the resolution of health-related problems. The votive offering is the last link in a ritual process that begins with a situation of disease, accident or risk suffered by a subject; this circumstance is followed by an invocation and a promise to be fulfilled by the subject or another person in her name, requesting the intervention of the supernatural being to end that threat. When the request is granted to the petitioners satisfaction, it commits her to fulfill the promise. Here is where the votive offering plays its part a material object of lasting character that appears as the materialization of the miraculous fact.

  18. Massignon and Zionism Massignon face au sionisme

    Agathe Mayeres


    Full Text Available In 1916, facing the probable capitulation of the Central Powers, Louis Massignon participates in French-British negotiations reflecting on the future division of the Ottoman Empire.In this context, Massignon is looking to find a position toward the Zionist question which, for him, is first and foremost a near-east policy issue.Under the influence of Aaron Aaronsohn, the islamologist first expresses an enthusiastic friendliness toward the pioneers of Eretz Israel, in light of their agricultural accomplishments, making him wish for the successful establishment of the national Jewish Homeland in Palestine. In particular, his commitment will prompt him to write, together with Maritain, a “report on Zionism” to Pius XI in 1925, with the objective of gaining support from the Holy See for Jews converted to Catholicism who sought to participate to the common work of the resurrection of Israel.However, the colonizing methods and conspicuous atheism of many Zionist leaders, going against the religious convictions of indigenous Christian and Muslim Arabs, will progressively push Massignon to a complete reversal, resulting in “excessive language” toward Jews.Massignon considers that it is impossible to separate time from spirituality in the Holy Land, and that facts must be enlightened by events transpiring throughout religious history from the time of Abraham, “first hero of hospitality”. To Massignon, coming to the realisation of the purity of Mary seems necessary to Jewish recognition in the spirit of the Patriarch, even more, a precondition to any possible peace. He sees in the Immaculate Conception the “marial rallying sign” of various confessions of the Abrahamic family.En 1916, Louis Massignon participe aux négociations franco-britanniques qui envisagent, dans la perspective de la capitulation probable des empires centraux, le futur partage de l’Empire ottoman. Dans ce contexte, Massignon cherche à se situer face la question

  19. Book Reviews

    Redactie KITLV


    . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. xxii + 322 pp. -Robert Fatton, Jr., Brian Weinstein ,Haiti: The failure of politics. New York: Praeger, 1992. ix + 203 pp., Aaron Segal (eds -Uli Locher, Michel S. Laguerre, The military and society in Haiti. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1993. x + 223 pp. -Paul E. Brodwin, Leslie G. Desmangles, The faces of the Gods: Vodou and Roman Catholicism in Haiti. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992. xiii + 218 pp. -Marian Goslinga, Enid Brown, Bibliographical guide to Caribbean mass communication. John A. Lent (comp.. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1992. xi + 301 pp.''Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles: An annotated English-language bibliography. Metuchen NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1992. xi + 276 pp. -Jay B. Haviser, F.R. Effert, J.P.B. de Josselin de Jong, curator and archaeologist: A study of his early career (1910-1935. Leiden: Centre of Non-Western studies, University of Leiden, 1992. v + 119 pp. -Hans van Amersfoort, Anil Ramdas, De papegaai, de stier en de klimmende bougainvillea. Essays. Amsterdam: De Bezige Bij, 1992. -Ineke van Wetering, Deonarayan, Curse of the Devtas. Paramaribo: J.J. Buitenweg, 1992. v + 103 pp. -Ineke van Wetering, G. Mungra, Hindoestaanse gezinnen in Nederland. Leiden: Centrum voor Onderzoek Maatschappelijke Tegenstellingen, Rijksuniversiteit Leiden, 1990. 313 pp. -J.M.R. Schrils, Alex Reinders, Politieke geschiedenis van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba 1950-1993. Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 1993. 430 pp. -Gert Oostindie, G.J. Cijntje ,Stemmen OK, maar op wie? Delft: Eburon, 1991. 150 pp., A. Nicatia, F. Quirindongo (eds -Genevieve Escure, Donald Winford, Predication in Caribbean English Creoles. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1993, viii + 419 pp. -Jean D'Costa, Lise Winer, Trinidad and Tobago. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1993. xi + 369 pp. (plus cassette

  20. A “geograficidade” das formas simbólicas: o santuário de Fátima da Serra Grande em análise Le « géographicité » des formes symboliques: analyse du sanctuaire de Fatima da Serra Grande

    José Arilson Xavier de Souza


    do trabalho, são apresentadas as características que expressam Fátima da Serra Grande como uma forma simbólica modelar do catolicismo mariano, conciliador de tradições e inovações e gestor de um turismo religioso sob a liderança da Igreja regional.The “geograficity” of symbolic forms: The Sanctuary of Fatima da Sierra Grande in analysis.This paper discusses the geographical basis of symbolic forms, choosing the culture as an essential element for such research. The Sanctuary of Fátima da Serra Grande, located in St. Benedict city, Northern of the Ceará State, is analyzed in a geographical and phenomenological perspective, considering it as a symbolic form of tourist attraction. The article considers the concept of geographic originally proposed by Eric Dardel, as fundamental for thinking the relationship between motivation and appreciation of the devotees in search of new Catholic shrines. Then, a recovery is made as large sanctuaries influenced the cultural geography of this small and dynamic center of pilgrimage has been developing in northeastern Brazil. At the end of the paper presents the characteristics expressing Fátima da Serra Grande as a symbolic model of Catholicism Marian conciliator of traditions and innovations and manager of a religious tourism under the leadership of the regional church.

  1. Massignon face au sionisme Massignon and Zionism

    Agathe Mayeres


    -British negotiations reflecting on the future division of the Ottoman Empire.In this context, Massignon is looking to find a position toward the Zionist question which, for him, is first and foremost a near-east policy issue.Under the influence of Aaron Aaronsohn, the islamologist first expresses an enthusiastic friendliness toward the pioneers of Eretz Israel, in light of their agricultural accomplishments, making him wish for the successful establishment of the national Jewish Homeland in Palestine. In particular, his commitment will prompt him to write, together with Maritain, a “report on Zionism” to Pius XI in 1925, with the objective of gaining support from the Holy See for Jews converted to Catholicism who sought to participate to the common work of the resurrection of Israel.However, the colonizing methods and conspicuous atheism of many Zionist leaders, going against the religious convictions of indigenous Christian and Muslim Arabs, will progressively push Massignon to a complete reversal, resulting in “excessive language” toward Jews.Massignon considers that it is impossible to separate time from spirituality in the Holy Land, and that facts must be enlightened by events transpiring throughout religious history from the time of Abraham, “first hero of hospitality”. To Massignon, coming to the realisation of the purity of Mary seems necessary to Jewish recognition in the spirit of the Patriarch, even more, a precondition to any possible peace. He sees in the Immaculate Conception the “marial rallying sign” of various confessions of the Abrahamic family.

  2. Auscultar los signos del tiempo presente e la situación latinoamericana: Esbozo de algunos fenómenos a considerar para una interpretación teológica del presente

    Eduardo Silva Arévalo


    possibilities that Catholicism offers this modernity and Latin America are analyzed in particular, which would not be possible without a Christianity that rises to the occasion and a modernity with the religious depth that this continent offers (III

  3. Book Review: Bakich,O. M. (2015. Valerii Pereleshin: Life of a Silkworm Toronto: University of Toronto Press

    Kyoko I. Davis


    noble roots of the Salatko-Petrishche family, its relocation to Siberia amidst the chaos of revolution and horrors of civil war, education under the tsarist Russian system in Harbin, and most importantly his growing love for poetry and philosophy.The personal events of Pereleshin’s early years document the still understudied but rich history of Russian Orthodox Ecclesiastical Mission in the Far East. Pereleshin, being sensitive and deeply religious, enrolled in the Mission’s Theological Faculty in 1937, was ordained a Monk Herman(in honour of St. Herman of Kazan’ and Sviiaga in 1938, and a Priest-Monk Herman in 1941.Harbin émigré literary circle “Churaevka” and the lively interaction among its intellectuals also add new cultural dimensions to the study of Russian émigré society in Asia.Pereleshin began publishing his books of poetry in 1937.The poet, however, was rather a dissonance in his own conservative community. For example, as a monk, his participation in public poetic activities was limited. Moreover, he was inclined toward Catholicism and admired St. Francis of Assisi and St. Thérèse of Lisieux- a liberal expression of his spiritual interest. He began to travel and preach in Chinese cities with foreign concessions such as Beijing, Shanghai, and Tianjin with a determination to live his life to the fullest by serving God. But Pereleshin had difficulty finding inner peace with his vow of celibacy. While his poetry is infused with divine inspiration, passion and kindness, he was often tormented by the social stigma of his sexuality.In addition, the volatile political situation in the Far East made Pereleshin mistaken at times for a Japanese spy, a Fascist spy, a Soviet spy, and a Communist. Adversity, however, ignited his poetic creativity, especially after his departure to a third home, Brazil.Part Two consists of seven chapters covering 39 years of Pereleshin’s life in Brazil during the period 1953-1992. The main focus shifts towards his growth