WorldWideScience

Sample records for cataract surgery review

  1. Cataract Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Replacement Cataract Vision Simulator Pre-operative tests for cataract surgery Before surgery, the length of your eye ... surgeon calculate the correct IOL power. Medications and cataract surgery If you are having cataract surgery, be ...

  2. Small incision cataract surgery: Complications and mini-review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gogate Parikshit

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the literature on manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS and its complications. Various articles on MSICS published in indexed journals were reviewed, as well as the sections on complications of MSICS. The Pubmed search engine on the Internet was used to find out articles published since 1985 on MSICS in any language in indexed journals. Books published by Indian authors and the website of Indian Journal of Ophthalmology were also referred to. MSICS has become very popular technique of cataract surgery in India, and it is often used as an alternative to phacoemulsification. Studies on its efficacy and safety for cataract surgery show that, being a variant of extracapsular cataract surgery, MSICS also has similar intraoperative and postoperative complications. The considerable handling inside the anterior chamber during nucleus delivery increase the chances of iris injury, striate keratitis, and posterior capsular rupture. The surgeon has to be extra careful in the construction of the scleral tunnel and to achieve a good capsulorrhexis. Postoperative inflammation and corneal edema are rare if surgeons have the expertise and patience. The final astigmatism is less than that in the extracapsular cataract surgery and almost comparable to that in phacoemulsification. There is, however, a concern of posterior capsular opacification in the long term, which needs to be addressed. Although MSICS demands skill and patience from the cataract surgeon, it is a safe, effective, and economical alternative to competing techniques and can be the answer to tackle the large backlog of blindness due to cataract.

  3. Small incision cataract surgery: Complications and mini-review

    OpenAIRE

    Gogate Parikshit

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the literature on manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) and its complications. Various articles on MSICS published in indexed journals were reviewed, as well as the sections on complications of MSICS. The Pubmed search engine on the Internet was used to find out articles published since 1985 on MSICS in any language in indexed journals. Books published by Indian authors and the website of Indian Journal of Ophthalmology were also referred to. MSICS has become ver...

  4. Cataract surgery - series (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cataract surgery usually works very well. The operation has few risks, the pain and recovery period are short, ... improved. Ninety-five percent or more of all cataract surgeries result in improved vision.

  5. A Review of Femtosecond Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery for Hawai‘i

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Ming

    2013-01-01

    Hawai‘i has had the first US Food and Drug Administration approved femtosecond laser (LenSx as shown in figure) for cataract surgery since early 2012, a brand new laser technology for modern cataract surgery in Hawai‘i. This article intends to evaluate the cost, safety, efficacy, advantages, and limitations of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery through a review of the literature for the public of Hawai‘i. A search was conducted using keywords to screen and select articles from PubMed...

  6. Risk of Fungal Endophthalmitis Associated with Cataract Surgery: A Mini-Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Tonya C; Benefield, Russell J; Kim, Jong Hun

    2015-12-01

    Fungal endophthalmitis is a rare complication after cataract surgery and is associated with significant morbidity including vision loss. The common causative fungal pathogens implicated in fungal endophthalmitis after cataract surgery include Candida species (spp.) and molds such as Aspergillus spp. and Fusarium spp. Early diagnosis and effective antifungal treatment after a high index of clinical suspicion are required to reduce unfavorable complications and to preserve eye function. This review discusses epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnosis, management, and outcomes associated with fungal endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. PMID:26318595

  7. Cataract Surgery to Lower Intraocular Pressure

    OpenAIRE

    Berdahl John

    2009-01-01

    Cataract and glaucoma are common co morbidities. Cataract surgery is frequently performed in patients with glaucoma. In this study, a review of literature with search terms of cataract, glaucoma and intraocular pressure is followed by evaluation and synthesis of data to determine the effect of cataract surgery on intraocular pressure. Cataract surgery seems to lower intraocular pressure on a sustained basis, especially in patients with higher preoperative intraocular pressure. The mechanism o...

  8. Surgery for Congenital Cataract

    OpenAIRE

    David Yorston FRCS FRCOphth

    2004-01-01

    The management of congenital cataract is very different to the treatment of a routine age-related cataract. In adults, surgery may be delayed for years without affecting the visual outcome. In infants, if the cataract is not removed during the first year of life, the vision will never be fully regained after surgery. In adults, if the aphakia is not corrected immediately, it can be corrected later. In young children, if the aphakia is not corrected, the vision will never develop normally.

  9. Benefits and risks of immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lansingh, Van C; Eckert, Kristen A; Strauss, Glenn

    2015-09-01

    Immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) is a highly contended issue in ophthalmology, mainly due to the risk of bilateral endophthalmitis and financial penalties that many ophthalmologists face when performing simultaneous cataract surgeries. The purpose of this review is to understand the current status of the knowledge of ISBCS, mainly its benefits and risks and how they compare with the standard of care, delayed sequential bilateral cataract surgery. Evidence, although limited, increasingly supports ISBCS for providing faster rehabilitation, improved visual outcomes, and cost and time savings. Evidence does not support the fear of bilateral endophthalmitis resulting from the simultaneous procedure. However, stronger and greater evidence is needed before ISBCSs can be considered the standard of care. Where ISBCS can potentially create the most beneficial impact is in public eye health programmes in developing countries, but this has not yet been explored. PMID:25824813

  10. Surgery for Congenital Cataract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Yorston FRCS FRCOphth

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The management of congenital cataract is very different to the treatment of a routine age-related cataract. In adults, surgery may be delayed for years without affecting the visual outcome. In infants, if the cataract is not removed during the first year of life, the vision will never be fully regained after surgery. In adults, if the aphakia is not corrected immediately, it can be corrected later. In young children, if the aphakia is not corrected, the vision will never develop normally.

  11. Viscoless microincision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Sallet

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Guy SalletDepartment of Opthamology, Aalsters Stedelijk Ziekenhuis, BelgiumAbstract: A cataract surgery technique is described in which incisions, continuous circular capsulorhexis and hydrodissection are made without the use of any viscoelastics. Two small incisions are created through which the different parts of the procedure can take place, maintaining a stable anterior chamber under continuous irrigation. Subsequent bimanual phacoemulsification can be done through these microincisions. At the end of the procedure, an intraocular lens can be inserted through the self-sealing incision under continuous irrigation. 50 consecutive cataract patients were operated on without the use of viscoelastics and then compared with a group of 50 patients who had been helped with viscoelastics. No difference in outcome, endothelial cell count or pachymetry was noted between the two groups. No intraoperative complication was encountered. Viscoless cataract surgery was a safe procedure with potential advantages.Keywords: ophthalmic visco-surgical device, viscoless cataract surgery, microincision

  12. Cataract surgery and quality of life implications

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Daniel; Fraser, Scott G; Gray, Christopher

    2007-01-01

    Cataract surgery in the developed world has undergone a revolution over the last 20 years. An operation which used to require a stay in hospital and long visual rehabilitation is now a quick day-case procedure with immediate benefits. As with any surgery there is an associated morbidity, but there is now the potential to provide cataract surgery at an earlier stage of cataract maturation and save patients from a period of severe visual impairment. This article reviews the new techniques avail...

  13. Bimanual microincisional cataract surgery technique and clinical outcome

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Muammar, Abdulrahman

    2009-01-01

    Bimanual microincisional cataract surgery has been introduced recently as a technique for cataract surgery and it is gaining interest of many cataract surgeons in the world. Over the last few years many changes were made in the phacoemulsification machines and the intraocular lenses design which allowed bimanual microincisional cataract surgery to be safer and more efficient. The purpose of this review is to introduce the technique of bimanual microincisional cataract surgery and to review al...

  14. Cataract Surgery Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    The NASA-McGannon cataract surgery tool is a tiny cutter-pump which liquefies and pumps the cataract lens material from the eye. Inserted through a small incision in the cornea, the tool can be used on the hardest cataract lens. The cutter is driven by a turbine which operates at about 200,000 revolutions per minute. Incorporated in the mechanism are two passages for saline solutions, one to maintain constant pressure within the eye, the other for removal of the fragmented lens material and fluids. Three years of effort have produced a design, now being clinically evaluated, with excellent potential for improved cataract surgery. The use of this tool is expected to reduce the patient's hospital stay and recovery period significantly.

  15. Immediate Sequential Bilateral Cataract Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessel, Line; Andresen, Jens; Erngaard, Ditte; Flesner, Per; Tendal, Britta; Hjortdal, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present systematic review was to examine the benefits and harms associated with immediate sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) with specific emphasis on the rate of complications, postoperative anisometropia, and subjective visual function in order to formulate evidence-based national Danish guidelines for cataract surgery. A systematic literature review in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane central databases identified three randomized controlled trials that compared outcome in patients randomized to ISBCS or bilateral cataract surgery on two different dates. Meta-analyses were performed using the Cochrane Review Manager software. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE method (Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation). We did not find any difference in the risk of complications or visual outcome in patients randomized to ISBCS or surgery on two different dates. The quality of evidence was rated as low to very low. None of the studies reported the prevalence of postoperative anisometropia. In conclusion, we cannot provide evidence-based recommendations on the use of ISBCS due to the lack of high quality evidence. Therefore, the decision to perform ISBCS should be taken after careful discussion between the surgeon and the patient. PMID:26351576

  16. [Postoperative care after cataract surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordes, Andreas K; Degenring, Robert F; Schrage, Norbert F

    2012-04-01

    The postoperative treatment of cataract surgery is an important element for success of the surgery. The postoperative therapy primarily aims at the prevention of intraocular bacterial infection by administration of antibiotics. Anti-inflammatory drugs can suppress the operation-related inflammation. In addition to fundamental risks of topical eye drop application, this review article discusses the current therapeutic strategies for the prevention of postoperative bacterial infection and suppression of surgically induced inflammation. PMID:22582516

  17. Paediatric cataract implant surgery outcome

    OpenAIRE

    Istiantoro Istiantoro

    2003-01-01

    This study evaluated the surgical outcome of various surgical technique in paediatric cataract implant surgery, at Jakarta Eye Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. This was a retrospective study of 57 eyes in 44 children who had primary cataract implants surgery. Three surgical techniques used were : 1. Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation with intact posterior capsule which was performed on 21 eyes (group 1). 2. Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens i...

  18. Recent advances in congenital cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Zhou

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Congenital cataract is a common eye disease which leads to children low vision. Surgery is the main treatment. Because of children's preoperative evaluation, operation, postoperative management is more difficult than adult, the outcome of surgery is not so well. Therefore, we review the relevant congenital cataract surgery researches in recent years in order to discuss the problems and further developments in this area.

  19. Daily tonometric curves after cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Sacca, S; Marletta, A; Pascotto, A.; Barabino, S; M Rolando; Giannetti, R; Calabria, G.

    2001-01-01

    AIM—To evaluate daily tonometric curves after cataract surgery in patients with cataract only and in patients with cataract and glaucoma.?METHODS—108 patients scheduled for cataract surgery were randomly allocated to two groups: 57 patients with cataract only (normal) and 51 with cataract and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). All patients underwent extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) (manual technique with long wound), phacoemulsification (automated technique with short wound), or nucl...

  20. Cataracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Risk for Cataracts? Cataract Causes Cataract Diagnosis Cataract Treatment Cataract Surgery IOL Implants: Lens Replacement Cataract Vision Simulator ... make cataracts go away—surgery is the only treatment. The top lens is ... lens shows clouding by cataract. A cataract may not need to be removed ...

  1. Cataract surgery in pseudoexfoliation syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangal, Neha; Chen, Teresa C

    2014-01-01

    Pseudoexfoliation (PXF) syndrome is characterized by the deposition of distinctive fibrillar material in the anterior segment of the eye. It is an age-related process that is associated with open and narrow angle glaucomas and the formation of cataracts. Not only is PXF associated with the formation of dense nuclear cataracts, it is also well known that those presenting with PXF are at a higher risk of developing complications during, and even after, cataract surgery. Complications associated with cataract surgery in PXF can occur from poor pupillary dilation, zonular weakness leading to intraoperative or postoperative lens dislocation and vitreous loss, postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) spikes potentiating glaucomatous damage, capsular phimosis, prolonged inflammation, and postoperative corneal decompensation. The surgeon should be prepared to encounter the various potential intraoperative and postoperative complications in eyes with pseudoexfoliation syndrome during cataract surgery. In this way, the surgeon can plan his/her surgical technique to help avoid surprises during cataract surgery and be prepared to manage the potential postoperative complications that can occur in pseudoexfoliation eyes. PMID:25325866

  2. IOL Implants: Lens Replacement and Cataract Surgery (Intraocular Lenses)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with cataract lens replacement, several types of IOL implants are available to help people enjoy improved vision. ... Causes Cataract Diagnosis Cataract Treatment Cataract Surgery IOL Implants: Lens Replacement Cataract Vision Simulator Cataract lens replacement: ...

  3. Risk of Retinal Detachment After Pediatric Cataract Surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haargaard, Birgitte; Andersen, Elisabeth W

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the long-term risk of retinal detachment following pediatric cataract surgery and to identify risk factors for retinal detachment. METHODS: We included all children (aged 0 to 17 years) who during the time period of 1977 to 2005 underwent pediatric cataract surgery in Denmark, excluding cataract cases caused by trauma, or acquired systemic or acquired ocular pathology, and cases with ocular anomalies associated with the development of retinal detachment. Cases of cataract were ascertained from the mandatory Danish National Patient Register, and information on retinal detachment was based on medical chart review. RESULTS: Among 1043 eyes of 656 children undergoing surgery for pediatric cataract, 25 eyes (23 children) developed retinal detachment at a median time of 9.1 years after surgery. The overall 20-year risk of retinal detachment was 7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3%-11%) among cataract patients. In otherwise normal children having isolated cataract, the risk was 3% (95% CI: 0%-7%). A significantly higher risk of developing retinal detachment was found in children with mental retardation (23% [95% CI: 9%-35%]) or in cataract cases with other ocular or systemic anomalies (16% [95% CI: 6%-24%]). CONCLUSIONS: The estimated overall risk of retinal detachment 20 years after pediatric cataract surgery was 7%, but only 3% for isolated cataract. Particularly high risks of retinal detachment after cataract surgery were associated with mental retardation and having other ocular or systemic diseases.

  4. Risk of retinal detachment after pediatric cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haargaard, Birgitte; Andersen, Elisabeth W

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the long-term risk of retinal detachment following pediatric cataract surgery and to identify risk factors for retinal detachment. METHODS: We included all children (aged 0 to 17 years) who during the time period of 1977 to 2005 underwent pediatric cataract surgery in Denmark, excluding cataract cases caused by trauma, or acquired systemic or acquired ocular pathology, and cases with ocular anomalies associated with the development of retinal detachment. Cases of cataract were ascertained from the mandatory Danish National Patient Register, and information on retinal detachment was based on medical chart review. RESULTS: Among 1043 eyes of 656 children undergoing surgery for pediatric cataract, 25 eyes (23 children) developed retinal detachment at a median time of 9.1 years after surgery. The overall 20-year risk of retinal detachment was 7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 3%-11%) among cataract patients. In otherwise normal children having isolated cataract, the risk was 3% (95% CI: 0%-7%). A significantly higher risk of developing retinal detachment was found in children with mental retardation (23% [95% CI: 9%-35%]) or in cataract cases with other ocular or systemic anomalies (16% [95% CI: 6%-24%]). CONCLUSIONS: The estimated overall risk of retinal detachment 20 years after pediatric cataract surgery was 7%, but only 3% for isolated cataract. Particularly high risks of retinal detachment after cataract surgery were associated with mental retardation and having other ocular or systemic diseases.

  5. Femtosecond laser in refractive and cataract surgeries

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Han-Han; Hu, Ying; Cui, Hong-Ping

    2015-01-01

    In the past few years, 9 unique laser platforms have been brought to the market. As femtosecond (FS) laser-assisted ophthalmic surgery potentially improves patient safety and visual outcomes, this new technology indeed provides ophthalmologists a reliable new option. But this new technology also poses a range of new clinical and financial challenges for surgeons. We provide an overview of the evolution of FS laser technology for use in refractive and cataract surgeries. This review describes ...

  6. Outcome after surgery of congenital cataract

    OpenAIRE

    Lundvall, Anna

    2002-01-01

    The visual outcome in infants undergoing surgery for bilateral congenital cataract has improved considerably because of improved surgical methods and the realisation that early detection, allowing early cataract extraction and immediate optical correction, can prevent otherwise irreversible deprivation amblyopia. The management of unilateral congenital cataract is still of the most difficult problems in paediatric ophtalmology. In unilateral congenital cataract, interven...

  7. Paediatric cataract implant surgery outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istiantoro Istiantoro

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the surgical outcome of various surgical technique in paediatric cataract implant surgery, at Jakarta Eye Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. This was a retrospective study of 57 eyes in 44 children who had primary cataract implants surgery. Three surgical techniques used were : 1. Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation with intact posterior capsule which was performed on 21 eyes (group 1. 2. Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation and posterior capsulorhexis (PCCC and optic capture which was performed on 24 eyes (group 2. 3. Extracapsular cataract extraction with intra­ocular lens implantation, posterior capsulorhexis and anterior vitrectomy which was performed on 24 eyes (group 3. All patients were followed up more than one year. Our results showed that posterior capsule opacity (PCO was developed in 20 eyes with intact capsules in group 1. All eyes had a clear visual axis in group 2. PCO developed only in one eye in group 3. In conclusion,  PCCC and optic capture with or without anterior vitrectomy are effective methods in preventing PCO in infant and children. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 21-6Keywords: posterior capsule opacification, posterior capsulorhexis, optic capture, anterior vitrectomy

  8. Cataract surgery after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Chaurasia, Sunita; Ramappa, Muralidhar; Sangwan, Virender

    2012-01-01

    Management of endothelial dysfunction in phakic patients is sometimes a dilemma for corneal surgeons. Phakic patients with visually significant cataract and endothelial dysfunction are preferably managed by performing combined cataract surgery with endothelial keratoplasty. However, combined surgery may be deferred in eyes with early incipient cataract, younger age and where anterior chamber is poorly visualized. As cataract formation may be accelerated after endothelial keratoplasty, these e...

  9. Managing residual refractive error after cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sáles, Christopher S; Manche, Edward E

    2015-06-01

    We present a review of keratorefractive and intraocular approaches to managing residual astigmatic and spherical refractive error after cataract surgery, including laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), arcuate keratotomy, intraocular lens (IOL) exchange, piggyback IOLs, and light-adjustable IOLs. Currently available literature suggests that laser vision correction, whether LASIK or PRK, yields more effective and predictable outcomes than intraocular surgery. Piggyback IOLs with a rounded-edge profile implanted in the sulcus may be superior to IOL exchange, but both options present potential risks that likely outweigh the refractive benefits except in cases with large residual spherical errors. The light-adjustable IOL may provide an ideal treatment to pseudophakic ametropia by obviating the need for secondary invasive procedures after cataract surgery, but it is not widely available nor has it been sufficiently studied. PMID:26096522

  10. Current developments in equine cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullen, R J; Utter, M E

    2010-03-01

    The purpose of this review is to discuss the evolution of equine cataract surgery over the past 50 years to its current stage. Equine cataract surgery is performed similarly compared with the techniques used in human ophthalmology and in other veterinary species. However, enough differences exist to make surgical lens removal and intraocular lens implantation in the horse an intrinsically unique endeavour. Due to the size of the adult equine globe, the introduction of species-specific instrumentation has provided the cornerstone to many of the changes made regarding surgical technique over the last 15-20 years. The continuing development of an equine specific, foldable intraocular lens implant (IOL) has provided much needed data supporting the use of such lenses in the horse to improve upon the post operative visual outcome. Finally, the methods utilised to assess visual capacity and the effects of intraocular lens implantation on the globe (e.g. ocular ultrasonography, electroretinography and streak retinoscopy) are gradually becoming more important in preoperative patient assessment and IOL development in the horse. It is the hope of the authors that a broader group of equine veterinarians will become aware of the many changes that have taken place in equine cataract surgery over the last half-century. Although aspiration was implemented nearly 40 years ago in foals for the treatment of congenital cataracts, phacofragmentation (phacoemulsification) techniques have only recently become routine in mature horses undergoing lens extraction. PMID:20939165

  11. Manual small incision cataract surgery in eyes with white cataracts

    OpenAIRE

    Venkatesh Rengaraj; Das Manoranjan; Prashanth Sadasivam; Muralikrishnan Radhakrishnan

    2005-01-01

    PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS) in cases of white cataract with the use of trypan blue as an adjunct for performing continuous curvilinear capsulorthexis (CCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study on 100 consecutive eyes of 100 patients with white cataract who had undergone MSICS with trypan blue assisted CCC. The nucleus was prolapsed into anterior chamber by using a sinskey hook and extracted out of the eye u...

  12. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator following paediatric cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Mehta, J.; Adams, G.

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND—The use of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA) has been advocated in the treatment of postsurgical fibrinous membrane formation following cataract surgery in adults. Its use in paediatric cases is not well documented.?METHOD—A retrospective review of paediatric cataract extractions performed at Moorfields Eye Hospital between 1 January 1997 and 4 April 1999 was carried out.?RESULTS—Cataract extractions were performed in 37 patients, 22 in males 15 in females. Four (9.2...

  13. Glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery – the role of early surgery and posterior capsulotomy

    OpenAIRE

    Bunce Catey; Michaelides Michel; Adams Gillian GW

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background To determine the rate of glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery at Moorfields Eye Hospital (MEH), and to investigate potential risk factors for glaucoma in our case series. Methods A retrospective case notes review was undertaken of all congenital cataract lensectomies performed at MEH between 1994 and 2000. The following parameters were ascertained: age at surgery, unilateral or bilateral cataract, whether a posterior capsulotomy (PC) was performed at the time of ...

  14. Glaucoma after Congenital Cataract Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoodreza Panahi Bazaz

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To determine the incidence and risk factors associated with glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery (CCS in children under age of 15 Methods: This prospective cohort (since 2006 consisted of children less than 15 years of age who underwent cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens (IOL implantation. The role of the following factors on the development of glaucoma after CCS including age at surgery, gender, laterality of the cataract, IOL implantation, congenital ocular anomalies, intra- and postoperative complications, length of follow-up, central corneal thickness (CCT as well as the effect of the age of onset, time to development of glaucoma, and response to treatment were evaluated. Results: Overall, 161 eyes of 96 patients were included in this study of which 28 eyes developed glaucoma. Incidence of glaucoma was 17.4%. Mean±SD age at surgery was 9.3±6.9 (range, 1-24 months in glaucomatous and 40.4±41.1 (range, 1 m-13.6 year months in non-glaucomatous group (p<0.001. All glaucoma patients had the operation under two years of age. In group 1, 9 (60% and in group 2, 24 (30% patients were female (p=0.001. In group 1, 17 eyes (60.7% and in the group 2, 41 eyes (30.8% were aphakic (p=0.001. Mean time to diagnosis of glaucoma was 111.2 days (range 30-1200 days. Mean follow-up time was 3.1 years (range, 1-6 years. In 22 (78.6% eyes glaucoma was diagnosed within six months after surgery. Glaucoma was controlled with medications in 23 eyes (82% and with surgery in five eyes. Conclusion: In this study the incidence of glaucoma after CCS was 17.4% over a follow-up period of six years. Younger age at the time of lensectomy increases the risk of secondary glaucoma. IOL implantation may protect against glaucoma. Female gender was affected more than male.

  15. New technology update: femtosecond laser in cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy ZZ

    2014-01-01

    Zoltan Z NagyDepartment of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, HungaryAbstract: Femtosecond lasers represent a new frontier in cataract surgery. Since their ­introduction and first human treatment in 2008, a lot of new developments have been achieved. In this review article, the physical principle of femtolasers is discussed, together with the indications and side effects of the method in cataract surgery. The most important clinical results are also presented regarding c...

  16. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: clinical treatment can complicate cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Facio; Renata Kashiwabuschi; Yutaro Nishi; Ricardo Leao; Peter Mcdonnell; Arthur Burnett

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) regarding potential risks of complications in the setting of cataract surgery. AIM: To address recommendations, optimal control therapy, voiding symptoms and safety within the setting of cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using MEDLINE with MeSH terms and keywords "benign prostatic hyperplasia", "intraopera...

  17. Management of mydriasis and pain in cataract and intraocular lens surgery: review of current medications and future directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grob SR

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Seanna R Grob,1–3 Luis A Gonzalez-Gonzalez,1–3 Mary K Daly1,2,4 1Department of Ophthalmology, Veterans Administration Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: The maintenance of mydriasis and the control of postoperative pain and ­inflammation are critical to the safety and success of cataract and intraocular lens replacement surgery. Appropriate mydriasis is usually achieved by topical and/or intracameral administration of anticholinergic agents, sympathomimetic agents, or both, with the most commonly used being cyclopentolate, tropicamide, and phenylephrine. Ocular inflammation is common after cataract surgery. Topical steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used because they have been proved effective to control postsurgical inflammation and decrease pain. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have also been shown to help maintain dilation. However, use of multiple preoperative drops for pupil dilation, inflammation, and pain control have been shown to be time consuming, resulting in delays to the operating room, and they cause dissatisfaction among perioperative personnel; their use can also be associated with systemic side effects. Therefore, ophthalmologists have been in search of new options to streamline this process. This article will review the current medications commonly used for intraoperative mydriasis, as well as pain and inflammation control. In addition, a new combination of ketorolac, an anti-inflammatory agent, and phenylephrine, a mydriatic agent has recently been designed to maintain intraoperative mydriasis and to reduce postoperative pain and irritation from intraocular lens replacement surgery. Two Phase III clinical trials evaluating this combination have demonstrated statistically significant differences when compared to placebo in maintaining intraoperative mydriasis (P<0.00001 and in reducing pain in the early postoperative period (P=0.0002. This medication may be of benefit for use in cataract and lens replacement surgery in the near future. Keywords: ketorolac, phenylephrine, intraocular lens replacement surgery, mydriasis

  18. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: clinical treatment can complicate cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando, Facio; Renata, Kashiwabuschi; Yutaro, Nishi; Ricardo, Leao; Peter, Mcdonnell; Arthur, Burnett.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) regarding potential risks of complications in the setting of cataract surgery. AIM: To address recommendations, optimal control therapy, voiding symptoms and safety [...] within the setting of cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed using MEDLINE with MeSH terms and keywords "benign prostatic hyperplasia", "intraoperative floppy iris syndrome", "adrenergic alpha-antagonist" and "cataract surgery". In addition, reference lists from identified publications were reviewed to identify reports and studies of interest from 2001 to 2009. RESULTS: The first report of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) was observed during cataract surgery in patients taking systemic alpha-1 AR antagonists in 2005. It has been most commonly seen related to use of tamsulosin. Changes of medication and washout periods of up to 2 weeks have been attempted to reduce the risk of complications in the setting of cataract surgery. CONCLUSION: Patients under clinical treatment for BPH should be informed about potential risks of this drug class so that it can be discuss with their healthcare providers, in particular urologist and ophthalmologist, prior to cataract surgery.

  19. Cataract surgery after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunita Chaurasia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Management of endothelial dysfunction in phakic patients is sometimes a dilemma for corneal surgeons. Phakic patients with visually significant cataract and endothelial dysfunction are preferably managed by performing combined cataract surgery with endothelial keratoplasty. However, combined surgery may be deferred in eyes with early incipient cataract, younger age and where anterior chamber is poorly visualized. As cataract formation may be accelerated after endothelial keratoplasty, these eyes may need cataract surgery subsequently. Surgical intervention in eyes with endothelial keratoplasty is of concern as this may affect the graft adversely and threaten graft survival. In this report, we describe the intraoperative surgical details and postoperative clinical course of a patient who underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK.

  20. Simulation-based certification for cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Ann Sofia Skou; Kiilgaard, Jens Folke

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the EyeSi(™) simulator in regard to assessing competence in cataract surgery. The primary objective was to explore all simulator metrics to establish a proficiency-based test with solid evidence. The secondary objective was to evaluate whether the skill assessment was specific to cataract surgery. METHODS: We included 26 ophthalmic trainees (no cataract surgery experience), 11 experienced cataract surgeons (>4000 cataract procedures) and five vitreoretinal surgeons. All subjects completed 13 different modules twice. Simulator metrics were used for the assessments. RESULTS: Total module score on seven of 13 modules showed significant discriminative ability between the novices and experienced cataract surgeons. The intermodule reliability coefficient was 0.76 (p < 0.001). A pass/fail level was defined from the total score on these seven modules using the contrasting-groups method. The test had an overall ability to discriminate between novices and experienced cataract surgeons, as 21 of 26 novices (81%) versus one of 11 experienced surgeons (9%) did not pass the test. The vitreoretinal surgeons scored significantly higher than the novices (p = 0.006), but not significantly lower than the experienced cataract surgeons (p = 0.32). CONCLUSION: We have established a performance test, consisting of seven modules on the EyeSi(™) simulator, which possess evidence of validity. The test is a useful and reliable tool for assessment of both cataract surgical and general microsurgical skills in vitro.

  1. Secondary glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasin Çinar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To determine the incidence and risk factors of secondary glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery. METHODS: Two hundred and forty nine eyes of 148 patients underwent cataract surgery without intraocular lens (IOL implantation (group 1, and 220 eyes of 129 patients underwent cataract surgery with IOL implantation (group 2 retrospectively, were evaluated between 2000 and 2011.The outcome measure was the presence or absence of post-cataract surgery glaucoma, defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP ?26mmHg, as measured on at least two occasions along with corneal or optic nerve changes. RESULTS: The mean follow-up periods of group 1 and 2 were (60.86±30.95 months (12-123 months and (62.11±31.29 months (14-115 months respectively. In group 1, 12 eyes of 8 patients (4.8% developed glaucoma. None of the patients developed glaucoma after surgery in group 2. The mean age of the patients at the cataract surgery was (2.58±0.90 months (1 month-4 months and the average period for glaucoma development after surgery was (9.50±4.33 months (4-16 months in group 1. Three of the 12 glaucomatous eyes were controlled with antiglaucomatous medication and 9 eyes underwent trabeculectomy+mitomycin C surgery. One patient underwent a second trabeculectomy + mitomycin C operation for both of his eyes. CONCLUSION: The incidence of glaucoma after pediatric cataract surgery is very low in patients in whom IOL is implanted. The aphakic eyes after pediatric cataract surgery are at an increased risk for glaucoma development particularly if they underwent surgery before 4 months of age.

  2. Intraocular adrenaline maintains mydriasis during cataract surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Corbett, M C; Richards, A B

    1994-01-01

    Cataract surgery is performed more easily if mydriasis can be maintained until the intraocular lens has been inserted. Intraocular irrigation with adrenaline is thought to be of benefit in this respect, and is used by some surgeons but not others. This prospective double blind controlled trial assessed the efficacy and safety of using perioperative adrenaline during extracapsular cataract surgery, as an adjunct to preoperative topical mydriatics. Seventy patients were randomised to receive in...

  3. Manual small incision cataract surgery in eyes with white cataracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatesh Rengaraj

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To assess the safety and efficacy of Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (MSICS in cases of white cataract with the use of trypan blue as an adjunct for performing continuous curvilinear capsulorthexis (CCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study on 100 consecutive eyes of 100 patients with white cataract who had undergone MSICS with trypan blue assisted CCC. The nucleus was prolapsed into anterior chamber by using a sinskey hook and extracted out of the eye using irrigating vectis. Intraoperative and postoperative findings (according to OCTET classification as well as postoperative visual outcomes were used as main measures to report the safety and efficacy of the surgery. RESULTS: Of the 100 eyes, 16 had intumescent, 67 had mature and 17 had hypermature cataract. Intraoperatively CCC was incomplete in 4 eyes (4% and had to be converted to canopener capsulotomy. None of the eyes had posterior capsular rupture or zonular dialysis and no eyes were converted to conventional Extra Capsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE. Postoperatively, 6 eyes (6% developed corneal oedema with >10 Descemets folds and 7 eyes (7% had corneal oedema with < 10 Descemets folds. Mild iritis was seen in 6 eyes (6% and moderate iritis with fibrin membrane was seen in 3 eyes (3%. Iridodialysis was observed in 1 eye (1%. Of the 99 patients (99% categorised under good visual outcomes category, 94 patients (94% had a best-corrected visual acuity of 6/9 or better on the 40th post-operative day. CONCLUSION: In developing countries like India where phacoemulsification may not be affordable to a majority of those requiring cataract surgery, MSICS proves to be a safe and efficacious alternative for white cataracts especially with the adjunctive use of trypan blue dye.

  4. Intraocular lens employed for cataract surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to illustrate the techniques of cataract surgery with implantation of intraocular lenses and some physical properties of the used materials. The new technology, coupled with extensive experience and the studied cases, permits to increase the standardization and accuracy of the engravings, by reducing the use and handling of surgical instruments inside the eye. At present it is possible to replace the cataract with crystalline lenses based on biopolymers such as PMMA, silicone, acrylic hydrophilic and hydrophobic acrylic. These materials are increasingly able to replace the natural lens and to ensure the fully functional of the eye. The role of femtosecond lasers in cataract surgery, to assist or replace several aspects of the manual cataract surgery, are discussed.

  5. Intraocular lens employed for cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roszkowska, A. M.; Torrisi, L.

    2014-04-01

    The aim of this paper is to illustrate the techniques of cataract surgery with implantation of intraocular lenses and some physical properties of the used materials. The new technology, coupled with extensive experience and the studied cases, permits to increase the standardization and accuracy of the engravings, by reducing the use and handling of surgical instruments inside the eye. At present it is possible to replace the cataract with crystalline lenses based on biopolymers such as PMMA, silicone, acrylic hydrophilic and hydrophobic acrylic. These materials are increasingly able to replace the natural lens and to ensure the fully functional of the eye. The role of femtosecond lasers in cataract surgery, to assist or replace several aspects of the manual cataract surgery, are discussed.

  6. Cataract

    Science.gov (United States)

    A cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye. It affects your vision. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age ... than half of all Americans either have a cataract or have had cataract surgery. A cataract can ...

  7. Cataract surgery in patients with ocular surface disease: An update in clinical diagnosis and treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Afsharkhamseh, Neda; Movahedan, Asadolah; Motahari, Hooman; Djalilian, Ali R.

    2014-01-01

    In this article we review essentials of diagnosis and management of ocular surface disease in patients who undergo cataract surgery. It is clearly shown that dry eye disease worsens following the cataract surgery in patients with prior history of ocular surface disease, Also new cases of dry eye might appear. Current strategies for the timely diagnosis and proper management of dry eye syndrome in the face of cataract surgery patients are mainly emphasized. To achieve the best outcome in catar...

  8. Evaluation of povidone-iodine applications in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Zhang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available As a routine measure to prevent intraocular inflammation, rinsing conjunctival sac with povidone-iodine(PVP-Ihas been increasingly adopted in cataract surgery. It can effectively reduce the complications of cataract surgery, including endophthalmitis and corneal complications. However, PVP-I itself has certain side effects. Therefore, to achieve the best bactericidal effect and to avoid eye injury, it is necessary to find out the optimal treatment duration and concentration. This article offers a review on the latest researches worldwide in this field.

  9. Prevention of complications in pediatric cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kugelberg, Maria

    2004-01-01

    This thesis was performed to find ways to lessen the complications to pediatric cataract surgery, which is an increasingly safe procedure, also in infants. However, there are some complications to the surgery, which threatens the visual development. The most common complication is aftercataract. The most feared complication is secondary glaucoma, which is hard to manage, and can lead to blindness and a cosmetically disturbing eye. The younger the infant is at surgery, the hi...

  10. Partially coherent interferometric biometry in cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drexler, Wolfgang; Findl, Oliver; Menapace, Rupert; Hitzenberger, Christoph K.; Fercher, Adolf F.

    1999-02-01

    In an earlier study we showed that precise axial eye length measurement on cataract eyes is possible with the dual beam partial coherence interferometry technique (PCI). A high correlation with the standard ultrasound technique has been obtained. Recently, in a prospective study, partially coherent interferometry and ultrasound biometry were compared in cataract surgery using the SRK II formula based on US applanation biometry. Three months after surgery PCI was repeated and refractive outcome was determined. The use of PCI would have improved refractive outcome by about 30%.

  11. New technology update: femtosecond laser in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagy ZZ

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Zoltan Z NagyDepartment of Ophthalmology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, HungaryAbstract: Femtosecond lasers represent a new frontier in cataract surgery. Since their ­introduction and first human treatment in 2008, a lot of new developments have been achieved. In this review article, the physical principle of femtolasers is discussed, together with the indications and side effects of the method in cataract surgery. The most important clinical results are also presented regarding capsulotomy, fragmentation of the crystalline lens, corneal wound creation, and refractive results. Safety issues such as endothelial and macular changes are also discussed. The most important advantage of femtolaser cataract technology at present is that all the important surgical steps of cataract surgery can be planned and customized, delivering unparalleled accuracy, repeatability, and consistency in surgical results. The advantages of premium lenses can be maximally used in visual and presbyopia restoration as well. The advantages of ­premium lenses can be maximally used, not only in visual, but in presbyopia restoration as well. Quality of vision can be improved with less posterior chamber lens (PCL tilt, more centralized position of the PCL, possibly less endothelial damage, less macular edema, and less posterior capsule opacification (PCO formation. This technological achievement should be followed by other technical developments in the lens industry. Hopefully this review article will help us to understand the technology and the results to ­demonstrate the differences between the use of femtolasers and phacoemulsification-based cataract surgery. The most important data of the literature are summarized to show ophthalmologists the benefits of the technology in order to provide the best refractive results to the patient.Keywords: femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, capsulotomy, lens fragmentation, corneal wound, arcuate keratotomy, safety, consistency of results

  12. Cost-utility of routine cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryynänen Olli-Pekka

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background If decisions on health care spending are to be as rational and objective as possible, knowledge on cost-effectiveness of routine care is essential. Our aim, therefore, was to evaluate the cost-utility of routine cataract surgery in a real-world setting. Methods Prospective assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL of patients undergoing cataract surgery. 219 patients (mean (SD age 71 (11 years entering cataract surgery (in 87 only first eye operated, in 73 both eyes operated, in 59 first eye had been operated earlier filled in the 15D HRQoL questionnaire before and six months after operation. Direct hospital costs were obtained from a clinical patient administration database and cost-utility analysis performed from the perspective of the secondary care provider extrapolating benefits of surgery to the remaining statistical life-expectancy of the patients. Results Mean (SD utility score (on a 0–1 scale increased statistically insignificantly from 0.82 (0.13 to 0.83 (0.14. Of the 15 dimensions of the HRQoL instrument, only seeing improved significantly after operation. Mean utility score improved statistically significantly only in patients reporting significant or major preoperative seeing problems. Of the subgroups, only those whose both eyes were operated during follow-up showed a statistically significant (p Conclusion Mean utility gain after routine cataract surgery in a real-world setting was relatively small and confined mostly to patients whose both eyes were operated. The cost of cataract surgery per quality-adjusted life year gained was much higher than previously reported and associated with considerable uncertainty.

  13. Outsourced cataract surgery and postoperative endophthalmitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Solborg Bjerrum, SØren; Kiilgaard, Jens F

    2013-01-01

    To compare the risk of postoperative endophthalmitis (PE) after cataract surgery at eye departments in public hospitals and private hospitals/eye clinics and to evaluate if the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR) is a reliable database to monitor the PE risk.

  14. Posterior polar cataract: A review

    OpenAIRE

    Kalantan, Hatem

    2011-01-01

    Posterior polar cataract is a rare form of congenital cataract. It is usually inherited as an autosomal dominant disease, yet it can be sporadic. Five genes have been attributed to the formation of this disease. It is highly associated with complications during surgery, such as posterior capsule rupture and nucleus drop. The reason for this high complication rate is the strong adherence of the opacity to the weak posterior capsule. Different surgical strategies were described for the handling...

  15. Cataract surgery in patients with ocular surface disease: An update in clinical diagnosis and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afsharkhamseh, Neda; Movahedan, Asadolah; Motahari, Hooman; Djalilian, Ali R

    2014-07-01

    In this article we review essentials of diagnosis and management of ocular surface disease in patients who undergo cataract surgery. It is clearly shown that dry eye disease worsens following the cataract surgery in patients with prior history of ocular surface disease, Also new cases of dry eye might appear. Current strategies for the timely diagnosis and proper management of dry eye syndrome in the face of cataract surgery patients are mainly emphasized. To achieve the best outcome in cataract surgery, a healthy ocular surface is crucial. While ocular surface preparation is indispensable in patients with established ocular surface disease, it is also helpful in those with minimal signs or symptoms of surface disease. The current approach begins with early diagnosis and drastic management of ocular surface disease before cataract surgery using a stepwise regimen customized to each patient and disease severity. These measures are continued throughout and after the surgery. PMID:25278791

  16. Uptake of cataract surgery in Sava Region, Madagascar: role of cataract case finders in acceptance of cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razafinimpanana, Narivony; Nkumbe, Henry; Courtright, Paul; Lewallen, Susan

    2012-04-01

    The number of people coming for cataract surgery in Madagascar remains low and most ophthalmologists could do many more surgeries than currently done. Knowing why people identified with cataract do not accept surgery will help to design programs that use existing resources more effectively. The study was carried out in Sava Region of Madagascar. People with blinding (cataract were identified by cataract case finders in the community, interviewed, and given a referral card for surgery at the hospital. We then monitored uptake of surgery at the hospital. Overall, 142 people were identified, interviewed and referred. Among the referrals, 35 (24.6%) presented at the hospital for surgery. The most important factors associated with acceptance were proximity to hospital (people from Sambava district were twice as likely to present as people from more distant districts) and perceived price of transport and food (being higher for people not accepting). The actual price of surgery was not the main barrier to acceptance of surgery; instead it appears that distance to the hospital and the willingness to pay are important predictors. Strategies to improve uptake need to be revised in order to ensure that people have access to and use cataract surgical services. PMID:22430293

  17. Small incision cataract surgery: tips for avoiding surgical complications

    OpenAIRE

    Reeta Gurung; Albrecht Hennig

    2008-01-01

    Small incision cataract surgery (SICS) is one of the cataract surgical techniques commonly used in developing countries. This technique usually results in a good visual outcome and is useful for high-volume cataract surgery.1–3This article describes how to minimise surgical complications in SICS.

  18. Cataract surgery following KAMRA presbyopic implant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan TE

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Tien-En Tan,1,2 Jodhbir S Mehta2–4 1Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; 2Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore; 3Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore; 4Department of Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore Abstract: Intrastromal corneal inlays are an emerging treatment for presbyopic patients. The KAMRA™ small aperture inlay was the first such inlay to receive Conformité Européenne (CE marking in 2005. It has been shown to improve uncorrected near and intermediate visual acuity without adversely affecting uncorrected distance visual acuity. Due to the age of presbyopic patients, they may eventually develop cataracts. In two such cases, we found that cataract surgery with the KAMRA implant left in place was not technically more difficult, and that the surgical procedure could be improved by additional ocular rotations to improve visualization. Biometry readings were reliable, and it appeared that the SRK/T formula was accurate for calculation of intraocular lens power. Cataract surgery with the KAMRA implant left in situ is a viable option for patients. Keywords: cataract surgery, KAMRA, corneal inlay, AcuTarget, presbyopia

  19. Axial length variability in cataract surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the mean axial length and biometric measures in patients undergoing cataract surgery and further compare the variability of axial length between the gender and with age. Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Eye Unit I, Department of Ophthalmology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Hyderabad, Pakistan from January 2010 to December 2012. Methodology: All patients referred for cataract surgery were assessed. The study included 886 eyes which were straightforward cataract cases with no other ocular problem. The data was collected for axial length, keratometric values and Intra-Ocular Lens (IOL) power prior to cataract surgery. The collected data was then analyzed using SPSS version 19 for windows software. Results: Gender based comparison showed significant difference in age, axial length, keratometric values and IOL power between the two groups (p=0.000). 86% of the eyes had an axial length between 21.00 mm and 23.99 mm. In univariate analysis there was significant (p=0.000) relation between overall age and axial length. The keratometric values ranged between 36.75 D and 52.50 D. Majority of the IOL powers ranged between 20.00 D and 23.00 D. Conclusion: The mean axial length of patients undergoing cataract surgery was 22.96 +- 1.04 mm, was comparable to Indian and Chinese population but shorter than the Western population. Females had shorter axial lengths, similar to other studies. Axial length was positively associated with age among the females, the cause of which is yet to be determined. (author)

  20. High-Fidelity Cataract Surgery Simulation and Third World Blindness

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Ajay; Strauss, Glenn H.

    2015-01-01

    The burden of global cataract blindness continues to rise, because the number of surgical ophthalmologists is insufficient, and they are unevenly distributed. There is an urgent need to train surgeons quickly and comprehensively in high-quality, low-cost cataract removal techniques. The authors suggest manual small-incision cataract surgery as a safe alternative to phacoemulsification cataract surgery in the developing world. They discuss the development of a novel, full-immersion, physics-ba...

  1. The clinical utility of new combination phenylephrine/ketorolac injection in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawuyi LE

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Lola Elizabeth Lawuyi, Avinash Gurbaxani Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, Dubai, UAE Abstract: The maintenance of mydriasis throughout cataract extraction surgery and the control of ocular inflammation are crucial for successful surgical outcomes. The development of miosis during cataract surgery compromises the visualization of the surgical field and working space for surgeons. This may lead to complications that include posterior capsular tear and associated vitreous loss, longer surgical time, and postoperative inflammation. Postoperative inflammation is often uncomfortable and frustrating for patients. It causes pain, redness, and photophobia. This compromises the best-uncorrected vision following surgery and often leads to multiple clinic visits. This article examines the literature published on the current treatments used to manage mydriasis, pain, and inflammation in cataract extraction surgery. Combination phenylephrine/ketorolac injection offers an exciting new class of medication for use in cataract surgery. With the recent approval of Omidria™ (combination of phenylephrine 1% and ketorolac 0.3% by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA for intraocular use, we review the clinical utility of this new combination injection in cataract surgery. PubMed, MEDLINE, and conference proceedings were searched for the relevant literature using a combination of the following search terms: cataract extraction surgery, pupil dilation (mydriasis, miosis, phenylephrine, ketorolac, Omidria™, intracameral mydriatic. Relevant articles were reviewed and their references checked for further relevant literature. All abstracts were reviewed and full texts retrieved where available. Keywords: cataract extraction surgery, ketorolac, mydriasis, miosis, Omidria™, phenylephrine

  2. High-fidelity cataract surgery simulation and third world blindness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ajay; Strauss, Glenn H

    2015-04-01

    The burden of global cataract blindness continues to rise, because the number of surgical ophthalmologists is insufficient, and they are unevenly distributed. There is an urgent need to train surgeons quickly and comprehensively in high-quality, low-cost cataract removal techniques. The authors suggest manual small-incision cataract surgery as a safe alternative to phacoemulsification cataract surgery in the developing world. They discuss the development of a novel, full-immersion, physics-based surgical training simulator as the centerpiece of a scalable, comprehensive training system for manual small-incision cataract surgery. PMID:24996918

  3. Socioeconomic barriers to cataract surgery in Nepal: the south Asian cataract management study

    OpenAIRE

    Snellingen, T; Shrestha, B.; Gharti, M; Shrestha, J; Upadhyay, M; Pokhrel, R

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Previous studies have shown that, despite an increasing availability of cataract surgery, important socioeconomic barriers exist in the acceptance of surgery in many rural areas of south Asia. Nepal has developed a comprehensive national network of eye hospitals but the surgical coverage for the treatment of cataract blind is still low.?AIMS—To determine the utilisation of cataract surgery and the level of physical and psychosocial impairment and the socioeconomic barriers to surge...

  4. The pattern of cataract surgery in India: 1992

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta A; Ellwein Leon

    1995-01-01

    Surgery for cataract blindness, a major health problem, is undergoing a rapid transition. This study characterizes cataract surgery in India in terms of practice setting and surgical procedure. A survey questionnaire was mailed in December 1992 to 4356 members of the All India Ophthalmological Society, resident in India, requesting data on cataract surgery cases within the past 12 months. Two thousand one hundred thirty-four (49%) ophthalmologists responded to the survey. Of the 1,023,...

  5. 42 CFR 1001.1701 - Billing for services of assistant at surgery during cataract operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...services of assistant at surgery during cataract operations. 1001.1701 Section...services of assistant at surgery during cataract operations. (a) Circumstance for...Services of an assistant at surgery during a cataract operation, or (ii) Charges...

  6. Cataract

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, David

    2011-01-01

    Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas in the lens of the eye that can impair vision. Age-related cataracts are defined as those occurring in people >50 years of age, in the absence of known mechanical, chemical, or radiation trauma. Cataract accounts for over 47% of blindness worldwide, causing blindness in about 17.3 million people in 1990.Surgery for cataract in people with glaucoma may affect glaucoma control.There is contradictory evidence about the effect of cataract surgery on the dev...

  7. Cataract

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, David

    2008-01-01

    Cataracts are cloudy or opaque areas in the lens of the eye that can impair vision. Age-related cataracts are defined as occurring in people over 50 years of age, in the absence of known mechanical, chemical, or radiation trauma. Cataract accounts for over 47% of blindness worldwide, causing blindness in about 17.3 million people in 1990.Surgery for cataract in people with glaucoma may affect glaucoma control.

  8. Changing trends in barriers to cataract surgery in India.

    OpenAIRE

    Vaidyanathan, K.; Limburg, H.; Foster, A; Pandey, R. M.

    1999-01-01

    Cataract is a major cause of blindness in Asia. Efforts in India to provide cataract surgical services have had limited success in reaching the cataract-blind population. Earlier studies identified the major barriers to cataract surgery as poverty, lack of transportation or felt need, or sex related; and the critical barriers in rural areas as lack of awareness, difficult access, and cost. Compared with these earlier data, the results of the present study in Karnataka State indicate a shift i...

  9. VISUAL OUTCOME FOLLOWING SURGERY OF TRAUMATIC CATARACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasad Rao

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To assess the visual outcome following traumatic cataract surgery and to assess the predictors of better visual outcome STUDY SETUP AND DESIGN: This is a prospective case study made on consecutive series of patients with traumatic cataract who underwent surgery between November 2012 to July 2013 at Government Regional eye hospital, Andhra medical college, Visakhapatnam . METHODS: Study was made on 100 eyes of 100 patients. Patient’s detailed history, clinical features, pre - operative examination, surgical intervention, post - operative visual acuity and follow up refraction changes record. RESULTS: In total , 100 eyes of 100 patients were included . Out of 100 cases, 78 cases (78% were males and 22 cases (22% were females. Good visual acuity of 6/6 – 6/18 was achieved by 70 cases, (70% out of which 58 cases (58% are closed globe type and 12 cases ( 12% are open globe type. 4 cases ( 4% achieved visual acuity of 6/24 to 6/609 . ( 1 26 cases ( 26% achieved a poor visual outcome of < 6/60 out of which 22 cases (22% are open globe type and 4 cases 4% are closed globe type . ( 2 CONCLUSIONS: Closed globe injury has a favorable prognosis for a satisfactory better that 6/18 visual recovery after surgical management of traumatic cataract , compared to open globe type. In case of open globe injury . (3 prompt wound repair , proper use of drugs to reduce infection , inflammation followed by timely surgery may improve the visual prognosis if there is no other sight threatening injury.

  10. Visual experience during phacoemulsification cataract surgery under topical anaesthesia

    OpenAIRE

    Newman, D

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS—Visual awareness during phacoemulsification cataract surgery is an important determinant of patient satisfaction with any anaesthetic technique. Topical anaesthesia could be associated with significant visual awareness because it does not affect optic nerve function.?METHODS—The visual experience during phacoemulsification cataract surgery under topical anaesthesia (without sedation) was assessed for 106 consecutive unselected patients. Patients were interviewed immediately af...

  11. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cataract surgery: a global and regional analysis.

    OpenAIRE

    Baltussen Rob; Sylla Mariame; Mariotti Silvio P.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the population health effects, costs and cost effectiveness of selected cataract surgery interventions in areas of the world with different epidemiological profiles. METHODS: Effectiveness estimates are based on a review of the literature taking into account factors such as operative failure, complications and patient non-compliance. A population model was applied to follow the lifelong impact on individuals having cataract surgery. Costing estimates are based on primar...

  12. Microbiologic spectrum and susceptibility of isolates in delayed post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis

    OpenAIRE

    Jindal, Animesh; Pathengay, Avinash; Jalali, Subhadra; Mathai, Annie; Pappuru, Rajeev Reddy; Narayanan, Raja; Chhablani, Jay; Sharma, Savitri; Das, Taraprasad; Flynn, Harry W

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the microbiological spectrum and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates in delayed post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis. A retrospective review of 33 consecutive patients with culture proven delayed post-cataract surgery endophthalmitis was done from January 2006 to March 2013. There were 22 bacterial and eleven fungal cases. Common isolates were Streptococci (seven cases), coagulase-negative staphylococci (five), Gram-negative bacilli (seven), N...

  13. Management of ocular inflammation and pain following cataract surgery: focus on bromfenac ophthalmic solution

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Hyung; Wolf, Kenneth J; Wolf, Eric J

    2009-01-01

    Recently, several new ophthalmic NSAID products have been introduced for commercial use in the United States. The purpose of this review is to briefly overview the ophthalmic NSAIDs currently in use and to discuss the management of postoperative ocular inflammation and pain following cataract surgery with a particular focus on bromfenac ophthalmic solution 0.09%. Bromfenac ophthalmic solution 0.09% is indicated for the reduction of ocular pain and inflammation following cataract surgery. Stud...

  14. Causes of low vision after small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Pei Zhou

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the causative factors of low vision after small incision cataract surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was made of 291 cataract patients(291 eyeswho received small incision cataract surgery combined with intraocular lens implantation from July 2011 to July 2012. Best corrected vision lower than 0.3 was diagnosed as low vision, and its causes were analyzed. RESULTS: After surgery, low vision was diagnosed in 49 eyes. Of these cases, 17(34.7%were due to surgical complications and 32(65.3%were due to preoperative conditions, including age-related macular degeneration(8 eyes, diabetic retinopathy(14 eyes, high myopia(6 eyesand other diseases(4 eyes. CONCLUSION: In our study, presence of diseased conditions before surgery is the most important cause of low vision after small incision cataract surgery. Close examination before surgery can improve the predictability of the surgery.

  15. Results of cataract surgery in young children in east Africa

    OpenAIRE

    YORSTON, D.; Wood, M.; Foster, A

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in children in east Africa. The results of surgery are poor, partly because of inadequate correction of aphakia.?METHODS—A retrospective survey of 118 eyes in 71 children with bilateral cataract. All eyes had implantation of an IOL at the time of cataract surgery. The average age at surgery was 3.5 years. 28 patients(39%) were less than 2 years old at the time of surgery on their first eye.?RESULTS—Preoperatively, 75.4% of eyes and 76.1% o...

  16. Visual outcome following cataract surgery in rural punjab.

    OpenAIRE

    Anand R; Gupta A; Ram J; Singh U; Kumar R,

    2000-01-01

    In a cluster sample survey in rural areas of Punjab visual outcome after cataract surgery was assessed. Three hundred patients (428 cataract operated eyes) were included in the study from 24 sampled villages. The mean age at cataract extraction was 61.70 +/- 9.82 years. The average interval since the cataract surgery was 7.05 +/- 5.86 years (range 0.11-32 years). Of the 428 operated eyes, 72 (16.82%) were blind (VA < 3/60), 162 (37.85%) had low visual acu...

  17. Laser-assisted cataract surgery and other emerging technologies for cataract removal

    OpenAIRE

    Aasuri Murali; Basti Surendra

    1999-01-01

    As we near the end of this century, refractive cataract surgery has become a reality through concerted contributions from ultrasonic phacoemulsification, foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technology and keratorefractive surgery. As we enter the new millennium, our sights are set on realizing another dream: accommodative IOL surgery. Towards achieving this goal, many advances have been made in both techniques and technology of cataract removal. Lasers in particular have been under i...

  18. Glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery – the role of early surgery and posterior capsulotomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bunce Catey

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine the rate of glaucoma following congenital cataract surgery at Moorfields Eye Hospital (MEH, and to investigate potential risk factors for glaucoma in our case series. Methods A retrospective case notes review was undertaken of all congenital cataract lensectomies performed at MEH between 1994 and 2000. The following parameters were ascertained: age at surgery, unilateral or bilateral cataract, whether a posterior capsulotomy (PC was performed at the time of surgery, whether an intraocular lens (IOL was inserted, duration of follow-up, and if aphakic glaucoma (AG developed. All lensectomies were performed through a limbal incision by a single consultant surgeon. Results A total of 47 subjects were identified – 40 patients with bilateral cataracts and 7 with unilateral. Of the 40 bilateral cataract patients, 76 eyes had lensectomies; with 37 of these patients (71 lensectomies having at least 5 year follow-up. Based on patient count, the 5 year risk of AG in at least one eye following surgery was 21.6%. Based on eye count, the 5 year risk of AG after lensectomy was 15.5%. The average age at surgery of patients who did not develop AG, and had at least 5 years follow-up, was 28.7 months (range 2 weeks to 6 years, with 20% having surgery within the first month of life. In comparison, the average age at surgery of patients with at least 5 years follow-up, who developed AG was 1.6 months (range 2 weeks to 7 months, with 60% having surgery within the first month of life. In subjects with at least 5 years follow-up, a PC rate of 100% was identified in the eyes that developed AG, compared to 61% in eyes that did not develop AG. An IOL was inserted in O% of eyes with AG, compared to 57% in eyes that did not develop AG. Onset of AG ranged from one month post surgery to 7 years, with an average yearly incidence of 5.3%. Conclusion Early surgery in patients with bilateral cataracts is associated with a marked increase in risk of AG. Our data suggest that an intact posterior capsule may be associated with a lower rate of AG.

  19. Posterior polar cataract: A review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalantan, Hatem

    2012-01-01

    Posterior polar cataract is a rare form of congenital cataract. It is usually inherited as an autosomal dominant disease, yet it can be sporadic. Five genes have been attributed to the formation of this disease. It is highly associated with complications during surgery, such as posterior capsule rupture and nucleus drop. The reason for this high complication rate is the strong adherence of the opacity to the weak posterior capsule. Different surgical strategies were described for the handling of this challenging entity, most of which emphasized the need for gentle maneuvering in dealing with these cases. It has a unique clinical appearance that should not be missed in order to anticipate, avoid, and minimize the impact of the complications associated with it. PMID:23960967

  20. Pediatric cataract and surgery outcomes in Central India: A hospital based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khandekar Rajiv

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : A review of pediatric cataract cases operated between January 2003 and March 2005 in the tribal belt of central India was carried out. Aim : We present the profile of cataract cases in children ?18 years and postoperative visual status in the eyes operated upon. Settings and design : This was a retrospective medical record retrieval type of cohort study in a hospital setting. materials and Methods : Pediatric ophthalmologists examined children and operated eyes with cataract. The personal profile, preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative details were noted. The surgical procedures included cataract extraction, intraocular lens implantation, posterior capsulorrhaxis and anterior vitrectomy in most of the cases. We evaluated the visual status of eyes with cataract before and 6 weeks after surgery. Statistical analysis: We used univariate type of parametric type of statistical analysis. Results: A total of 575 eyes of 502 children had cataract. Cataract in 65 children was bilateral and in 437 cases it was unilateral. Congenital cataracts were in 88 (17.5% eyes. Traumatic cataracts were noted in 170 (33.9% eyes. The proportion of cataract was higher in males than in females. Variation in ?number of cataracts? among different age groups was noted. Vision following surgery was more than 6/18 in 84 (16.4% eyes. The vision could not be assessed in 256 (44% eyes. Conclusion: Improvement of child health care is needed for early detection of cataract in children. Role of rubella and trauma in childhood cataract should be investigated and addressed. Visual assessment and postoperative care should be further improved.

  1. Primary posterior capsular opacification in Indian rural population undergoing cataract surgery for hypermature senile cataract

    OpenAIRE

    Joshi RS

    2013-01-01

    Rajesh Subhash JoshiDepartment of Ophthalmology, Vasatrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, IndiaAim: To find out the incidence of primary posterior capsular opacification (PCO) in rural patients with a hypermature senile cataract undergoing cataract surgery.Settings: Tertiary eye care center in central India.Design: Prospective, observational, noncomparative study.Materials and methods: Two-hundred eyes of 200 patients presenting with a hypermature cataract underwent manual small in...

  2. Cataract surgery in patients with history of uveitis

    OpenAIRE

    Baheti, Ujwala; Siddique, Sana S.; Foster, C. Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Cataract surgery in patients with uveitis is not as simple as any senile cataract surgery. Recent evidence suggests that useful visual outcome can be achieved in most of the cases if they are handled meticulously. Key factors leading to improved visual outcome are absolute control of preoperative inflammation with diligent use of immunomodulatory drugs, meticulous surgery along with early detection and care of postoperative complications. Modern technologies in the intraocular lens designs an...

  3. Ocular safety limits for 1030nm femtosecond laser cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jenny; Sramek, Christopher; Paulus, Yannis M.; Lavinsky, Daniel; Schuele, Georg; Anderson, Dan; Dewey, David; Palanker, Daniel V.

    2013-03-01

    Application of femtosecond lasers to cataract surgery has added unprecedented precision and reproducibility but ocular safety limits for the procedure are not well-quantified. We present an analysis of safety during laser cataract surgery considering scanned patterns, reduced blood perfusion, and light scattering on residual bubbles formed during laser cutting. Experimental results for continuous-wave 1030 nm irradiation of the retina in rabbits are used to calibrate damage threshold temperatures and perfusion rate for our computational model of ocular heating. Using conservative estimates for each safety factor, we compute the limits of the laser settings for cataract surgery that optimize procedure speed within the limits of retinal safety.

  4. Modified Small Incision Cataract Surgery and Intraocular Lens Implantation in HIV Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Kagmeni; Domngang, Christelle; Nguefack-Tsague, Georges; Come, Ebana Mvogo; Wiedemann, Peter

    2015-01-01

    AIM To describe a surgical technique suitable for cataract surgery in regions with a high prevalence of HIV infection. METHODS We reviewed the medical records of 20 consecutive AIDS patients with cataract who underwent modified small-incision cataract surgery (mSICS) with posterior chamber lens implantation. Classic extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) was compared to mSICS. The number of potentially risky steps for contamination during surgery and duration of surgery were analyzed. A risky step was defined as any time when the surgeon had to use a sharp instrument. Student’s paired t-test was carried out to compare continuous variables, and P-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS Twenty patients were included in the study, 13 males (65%) and seven females (35%). The mean age was 46.3 ± 13.6 years (range 22–70 years). The number of potentially risky steps for contamination was significantly higher in the classical ECCE than in mSICS (P < 0.001). The mean duration of cataract surgery with mSICS was significantly shorter as well (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION Conversion to mSICS is essential in order to reduce accidental injuries during cataract surgery in sub-Saharan countries. Sharp instruments should be passed through a neutral zone to ensure that the surgeon and nurse do not touch the same instrument at the same time.

  5. A review of the use of ketorolac tromethamine 0.4% in the treatment of post-surgical inflammation following cataract and refractive surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Sandoval, Helga P; Fernández de Castro, Luis E; Vroman, David T; Solomon, Kerry D

    2007-01-01

    The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ketorolac tromethamine 0.4% ophthalmic solution, a recent reformulation containing 20% less active ingredient that the original formulation, is indicated for the reduction of ocular pain and burning/stinging following corneal refractive surgery. Clinical studies have shown ketorolac tromethamine 0.4% to be as effective as ketorolac tromethamine 0.5% to control inflammation after cataract surgery including prevention of cystoid macular edema (CM...

  6. Sutureless Non-phaco Cataract Surgery: A Solution to Reduce Worldwide Cataract Blindness?

    OpenAIRE

    Albrecht Hennig

    2003-01-01

    The Search for Appropriate Sutureless Cataract Surgery. During the last decade, in industrialised countries phacoemulsification has largely replaced ab-externo extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lenses (ECCE/PC IOL) with sutures. The small self-sealing phaco incision provides rapid visual rehabilitation, and the surgery is increasingly done on an outpatient basis. However, in developing countries phacoemulsification is performed only on selected patients, usu...

  7. Glaucoma in aphakia and pseudophakia after congenital cataract surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Mandal Anil; Netland Peter

    2004-01-01

    Glaucoma is one of the most common causes of visual loss despite successful congenital cataract surgery. The overall incidence does not appear to have decreased with modern microsurgical techniques. The onset of glaucoma may be acute or insidious and notoriously refractory to treatment. Angle closure glaucoma may occur in the early postoperative period; but the most common type of glaucoma to develop after congenital cataract surgery is open angle glaucoma. Several risk factors have been iden...

  8. Abdominal Pain after Cataract Surgery with Remifentanil Based Anesthesia

    OpenAIRE

    Alireza Bameshki; Saeid Jahanbakhsh

    2009-01-01

    Remifentanil is an ultra short acting opioid that is suitable for many operations and is wildly used for induction and maintenance of anesthesia. In this article we have reported the incidence of abdominal pain after cataract surgery in patients with remifentanil based anesthesia. This study is a randomized single blind clinical trial on 300 patients who were candidates for elective cataract surgery under general anesthesia. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. In the control group...

  9. Diabetic versus non-diabetic colour vision after cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Van Kessel, L.; Alsing, A.; Larsen, M.

    1999-01-01

    AIMS—To examine whether the colour vision abnormalities found in phakic patients with diabetes mellitus is preserved after removal of the lens by cataract surgery.?METHODS—21 diabetic (16 IDDM and five NIDDM) and 19 non-diabetic patients of comparable age, postoperative visual acuity, and sex distribution, all aphakic or pseudophakic following cataract surgery, had their monocular colour vision examined using the Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test. The fundus status of the diabetic patients rang...

  10. Changing trends in barriers to cataract surgery in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaidyanathan, K; Limburg, H; Foster, A; Pandey, R M

    1999-01-01

    Cataract is a major cause of blindness in Asia. Efforts in India to provide cataract surgical services have had limited success in reaching the cataract-blind population. Earlier studies identified the major barriers to cataract surgery as poverty, lack of transportation or felt need, or sex related; and the critical barriers in rural areas as lack of awareness, difficult access, and cost. Compared with these earlier data, the results of the present study in Karnataka State indicate a shift in the character of the barriers. They now appear to be more related to case selection and service provision. These shifts are analysed and alternative strategies to increase the uptake to cataract surgery are recommended. PMID:10083707

  11. The challenges in improving outcome of cataract surgery in low and middle income countries

    OpenAIRE

    Lindfield, Robert; Vishwanath, Kalluru; Ngounou, Faustin; Khanna, Rohit C.

    2012-01-01

    Cataract is the leading cause of blindness globally and surgery is the only known measure to deal with it effectively. Providing high quality cataract surgical services is critical if patients with cataract are to have their sight restored. A key focus of surgery is the outcome of the procedure. In cataract surgery this is measured predominantly, using visual acuity. Population- and hospital-based studies have revealed that the visual outcome of cataract surgery in many low and middle income ...

  12. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cataract surgery: a global and regional analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltussen Rob

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To estimate the population health effects, costs and cost effectiveness of selected cataract surgery interventions in areas of the world with different epidemiological profiles. METHODS: Effectiveness estimates are based on a review of the literature taking into account factors such as operative failure, complications and patient non-compliance. A population model was applied to follow the lifelong impact on individuals having cataract surgery. Costing estimates are based on primary data collected in 14 epidemiological subregions by regional costing teams and on a literature review. Costings were estimated for different geographical coverage levels using non-linear cost functions. FINDINGS: Intra- and extra-capsular cataract surgeries are cost-effective ways to reduce the impact of cataract-blindness. Extra-capsular cataract surgery is more cost-effective than intra-capsular surgery in all regions considered. Providing extra-capsular cataract surgery to 95% of those who need it (95% coverage level would avert over 3.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs per year globally. The cost-effectiveness ranges from 57 International dollars (I$ per DALY in the WHO South-East Asia Region where there is high overall child and adult mortality to I$ 2307 per DALY in the WHO Western Pacific Region where there is low overall child and adult mortality. CONCLUSION: Extra-capsular surgery for cataracts at a high level of coverage is the most cost-effective way of restoring sight in all epidemiological subregions considered. Analysts from countries within a region are encouraged to further contextualize the results based on their own country's specific parameters.

  13. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cataract surgery: a global and regional analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltussen, Rob; Sylla, Mariame; Mariotti, Silvio P.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the population health effects, costs and cost effectiveness of selected cataract surgery interventions in areas of the world with different epidemiological profiles. METHODS: Effectiveness estimates are based on a review of the literature taking into account factors such as operative failure, complications and patient non-compliance. A population model was applied to follow the lifelong impact on individuals having cataract surgery. Costing estimates are based on primary data collected in 14 epidemiological subregions by regional costing teams and on a literature review. Costings were estimated for different geographical coverage levels using non-linear cost functions. FINDINGS: Intra- and extra-capsular cataract surgeries are cost-effective ways to reduce the impact of cataract-blindness. Extra-capsular cataract surgery is more cost-effective than intra-capsular surgery in all regions considered. Providing extra-capsular cataract surgery to 95% of those who need it (95% coverage level) would avert over 3.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per year globally. The cost-effectiveness ranges from 57 International dollars (1 dollar) per DALY in the WHO South-East Asia Region where there is high overall child and adult mortality to 1 dollar 2307 per DALY in the WHO Western Pacific Region where there is low overall child and adult mortality. CONCLUSION: Extra-capsular surgery for cataracts at a high level of coverage is the most cost-effective way of restoring sight in all epidemiological subregions considered. Analysts from countries within a region are encouraged to further contextualize the results based on their own country's specific parameters. PMID:15298224

  14. Role of cataract surgery in lowering intraocular pressure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To study the effects of cataract surgery in lowering of intraocular pressure (IOP). Study Design: Retrospective study. Place and Duration of Study: The Department of Ophthalmology, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi from January 2011 to December 2013. Patients and Methods: The study included a total of 250 patients; of which 100 cases had simple cataract with no coexisting disease, 100 cases had cataract with primary open angle glaucoma and 50 cases of cataract had accompanying pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. All patients were assessed and recorded preoperatively for their IOP, vision, depth of anterior chamber (ACD), angle of anterior chamber by gonioscopy and glaucoma medications being used. Cataract surgery was performed by phacoemulsification and IOL implantations in all cases. These patients were followed up for a period of six months. Results: The intraocular ressure of all these patients was recorded at monthly interval for six months. The IOP showed a significant decrease in all cases and remained constant till the end of the study. A marked improvement of vision was noted in all cases. The depth of the anterior chamber increased and the angle also widened in all cases. Discussion: Cataract surgery has been found to reduce IOP along with improvement in vision. Patients with glaucoma have a dual benefit of reduced IOP and visual improvement after cataract surgery. (author)

  15. The temerloh hospital cataract complications study: factors associated with, types and outcomes of cataract surgery complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thevi Thanigasalam

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To study the prevalence of complications of cataract surgery and any association between the occurrence of complications and experience of surgeon, type of surgery, type of anaesthesia and visual outcome.METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent cataract surgery over a period of two years in a district hospital in Malaysia. The demographic details of patients, type of surgery done, as well as type of anaesthesia used and experience of the surgeon were noted. The types of intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. The final best corrected visual outcome was recorded.RESULTS: Complications occurred in 11.1% of the total 1007 patients operated. Posterior capsule rupture(3.6%was the most common complication. The experience of the surgeon and the type of anaesthesia used did not affect complications during surgery. Intracapsular cataract extraction(ICCEand phacoemulsification converted to extracapsular cataract extraction(ECCEwere significantly associated with more complications(PPCONCLUSION: The occurrence of complications during cataract surgery significantly affected the visual outcome. The type of surgery done was associated by the occurrence of complications. However, the experience of the surgeon and the type of anaesthesia used did not affect the occurrence of complications. We recommend that particular attention be given to ICCE and phacoemulsification converted to ECCE to minimise the complications and thereby reducing the chances of poor vision postoperatively.

  16. Endothelial cell loss and refractive predictability in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery compared with conventional cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Therese; Holm, Lars Morten; la Cour, Morten; Kjaerbo, Hadi

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To investigate the amount of endothelial cell loss (ECL) and refractive predictability by femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared to conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (CPS). METHODS: Forty-seven patients had one eye operated by FLACS and the contralateral eye operated by CPS (stop and chop technique). Both eyes had intraocular aspheric lenses implanted. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), central cornea...

  17. Sutureless Cataract Surgery: Principles and Steps

    OpenAIRE

    John Sandford-Smith

    2003-01-01

    Introduction. Cataracts cause about 50% of world blindness. There is little likelihood of effective prevention becoming available in the next few years and so the only treatment will remain surgical. For many of the other major causes of world blindness, like trachoma, xerophthalmia and onchocerciasis, the remedy is community-based, not hospital-based, and requires prevention rather than treatment. The prevalence of blinding cataract will only increase as people live longer, so cataract will ...

  18. Comparing the intraoperative complication rate of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery to traditional phacoemulsification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming Chen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To compare the complication rate of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS and traditional phacoemulsification for the first 18mo of FLACS use at a private surgical center in Hawaii. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted from January 2012 to June 2013. The first 273 consecutive eyes receiving FLACS and 553 eyes receiving traditional phacoemulsification were examined. All surgeries were performed at a single surgical center in Hawaii. The presence of intraoperative complications was used as the main outcome measure. Approval was obtained from the institutional review board of the University of Hawaii. RESULTS: The overall complication rate for FLACS was 1.8%, while that of the traditional procedure was 5.8% (PCONCLUSION: FLACS is comparable in safety, if not safer, than traditional cataract surgery when performed by qualified cataract surgeons on carefully selected patients.

  19. Investigation of cataract surgery in Leshan, Sichuan Province

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    Yu Han

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To comprehensively investigate the current status of cataract surgery in Leshan city, and find the existing problems according to the survey results as a guide to cataract prevention and treatment in future. METHODS: We surveyed the status of cataract surgery containing equipments, surgeons and surgery conditions in 17 ophthalmology departments of general hospitals from Leshan including 6 counties, 1 county-level city and 4 districts during 2012. Cataract surgery methods, according to various surgery financial resources, surgical performances and surgical incision, were divided into phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation(Phaco+IOL, extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation(ECCE+IOL, and each method contained 2 groups. We analyzed the outcomes following preoperative examination, surgeons, surgical methods, surgical equipments, types of IOL, surgical quantity, surgical results, and intraoperative complication. RESULTS: In whole city there were 16 operating microscopes, 43 slit lamp microscopes, 12 non-contact tonometers, 1 intraocular lens Master, 8 optical A/B type ultrasonic examination systems, 4 YAG lasers and 12 phacoemulsification instruments. There 15 doctors could complete cataract surgery independently, and 5 of them were phacoemulsification surgeons. The total number of completed cataract surgeries reached 6 211 eyes, containing 3 564 eyes for Phaco+IOL(57%(preoperative visual acuity ?0.3 in Phaco+IOL1 were 1 520 eyes, 24%and 2 647 eyes for ECCE+IOL(43%(1 533 eyes in ECCE+IOL1, 25%. In various groups, off-blindness rate was 94.80%-100%, off-disability rate was 90.41%-100%, and 94.96%-100% received intraocular lens implantation, intraoperative complication rate was 1.00%-15.10%. CONCLUSION: The distribution of surgeons and equipments in the whole city is unbalanced, and the utilization rate of phaco equipment is low. The levels are different in various hospitals on surgical technique, surgical quantity and surgical results. Phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation is considered as the main therapy for cataract, and as a transition to dioptric and personalized cataract surgery. The surgical condition of the city is good, but the proportion of cataract surgery for prevention of blindness in Leshan city is low, and the surgical technique remains to be further improved.

  20. Controversies in NSAIDs Use in Cataract Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsangaridou, Mikaella-Anthia; Grzybowski, Andrzej; Gundlach, Enken; Pleyer, Uwe

    2015-01-01

    Pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) remains the most common cause of poor visual outcome following cataract surgery. Whereas acute PCME may resolve itself spontaneously, some patients will suffer from vision impairment and will be difficult to treat. Although PCME has already been described approximately 50 years ago, its pathophysiology remains uncertain and a multitude of mechanisms have been suggested. As broad as the mechanisms, as many are the treatment options. Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids either as mono- or combined therapy are a commonly used first line approach. When ineffective, systemic treatment with these agents may be an option. Alternatively, intravitreal application of corticosteroids and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) may offer an effective option, if first-line treatment fails. A critical evaluation of the current literature revealed that the optimal treatment of PCME remains unclear and requires further investigation. In addition, prevention should be of foremost importance and remains an open issue. Identification of risk factors, application of NSAIDs and consequent follow-up are potential essential steps in the avoidance of this complication. PMID:26350525

  1. Oxidative stress as a predictor of cataract surgery outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Kovalevskaya

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Exhaustion of anti-oxidative potential and oxidative stress are considered as trigger mechanisms of cataract development. Products of free radical oxidation are accumulated in lens. Decrease in water solubility of proteins results in the sorption of uncharged proteins on cellular membranes. This affects regular lenticular membrane folding. Light scattering on folded membranes of lenticular fibers is considered as a primary cause of lens opacities in cataract. Most problems occur in complicated cataract surgery as its development is associated with background diseases, ocular pathology, and external factor exposure. Aim. To increase the efficacy of cataract treatment in metabolic syndrome patients. Materials and methods. 115 cataract patients (230 eyes were examined. All patients have undergone detailed clinical and complex eye examination and were divided into 2 groups depending on cataract genesis. In group 1 (age-related cataracts, somatic disorders were diagnosed in 4.5% of cases, in group 2 (complicated cataracts, somatic disorders were diagnosed in 100% of cases. Tear and blood tests were performed. Tear level of active peroxiredoxin 6 (PRDX6 and/or its breakdown fragments in fluid and blood level of metabolic syndrome markers were studied. Results. The expression of oxidative stress protective enzymes in tear fluid was investigated. Comparative assessment of tear antioxidant enzyme activity under oxidative stress in therapeutic and surgical procedures (phaco and ECCE was performed. Post-operatively, PRDX6 increase was revealed in age-related cataract patients. This is confirmed by the absence of phaco complications. In complicated cataract, PRDX6 level was 6 times lower than in age-related cataract patients. Conclusions. Dynamic analysis of laboratory tests in complicated cataract patients confirmed or disproved the presence of general metabolic disorders and oxidative stress development. Tear proteomic profile and blood metabolic disorder parameters served as a basis for selective choice of topical and systemic antioxidant agents to prevent and stabilize lens opacities. 

  2. Visual outcome following cataract surgery in rural punjab.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand R

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available In a cluster sample survey in rural areas of Punjab visual outcome after cataract surgery was assessed. Three hundred patients (428 cataract operated eyes were included in the study from 24 sampled villages. The mean age at cataract extraction was 61.70 +/- 9.82 years. The average interval since the cataract surgery was 7.05 +/- 5.86 years (range 0.11-32 years. Of the 428 operated eyes, 72 (16.82% were blind (VA < 3/60, 162 (37.85% had low visual acuity (VA 3/60-< 6/18 and 194 (45.33% eyes gained good visual acuity (VA > or = 6/18. Cataract surgery related complications were the principal causes leading to blindness in 50 of 72 eyes; these included corneal oedema, (17/72;23.3%, retinal detachment (14/72;19.4%, and aphakic glaucoma (13/72;18.05%. This study emphasizes the need to improve the qualitative aspect of cataract surgery including long-term follow up in rural India.

  3. Cataract surgery in Knobloch syndrome: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bongiovanni CS

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Carmen Sílvia Bongiovanni1, Carla Cristina Serra Ferreira1, Ana Paula Silvério Rodrigues1, João Borges Fortes Filho2, Márcia Beatriz Tartarella11Department of Ophthalmology, Congenital Cataract Section, Medical School, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, BrazilAbstract: Knobloch syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with early-onset ocular abnormalities and central nervous system malformations. Ocular abnormalities are usually severe, and include high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, macular abnormalities, and cataract. The most frequent systemic changes are midline malformations of the brain, ventricular dilation, and occipital encephalocele. Cognitive delay may occur. We report a case of cataract in a child with Knobloch syndrome. Cataract surgery and follow-up are described.Keywords: Knobloch syndrome, cataract, phacoemulsification, vitreous, right eye, left eye, genetic

  4. Quality of vision in refractive and cataract surgery, indirect measurers: review article / Qualidade visual em cirurgia refrativa e catarata, medidores indiretos: artigo de revisão

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Taís Renata Ribeira, Parede; André Augusto Miranda, Torricelli; Adriana, Mukai; Marcelo, Vieira Netto; Samir Jacob, Bechara.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Qualidade Visual é a medida da capacidade individual de reconhecer detalhes de um objeto no espaço. Medições de função visual na clínica oftalmológica são limitadas por vários fatores, tal como máximo contraste e assim podem não refletir adequadamente as condições visuais reais, bem como os aspectos [...] subjetivos da percepção do mundo pelo paciente. O sucesso em uma cirurgia está não apenas em restaurar linhas de visão, mas sim qualidade visual. Portanto, as cirurgias refrativas e de catarata têm a responsabilidade de alcançar resultados de qualidade. É difícil definir qualidade visual por um único parâmetro, sendo os principais testes de função visual: sensibilidade ao contraste; glare; dispersão intraocular da luz e aberrometria. Nesta revisão os diferentes componentes da função visual são explicados e os diversos métodos disponíveis para se avaliar a qualidade de visão são descritos. Abstract in english Visual acuity is the measurement of an individual's ability to recognize details of an object in a space. Visual function measurements in clinical ophthalmology are limited by factors such as maximum contrast and so it might not adequately reflect the real vision conditions at that moment as well as [...] the subjective aspects of the world perception by the patient. The objective of a successful vision-restoring surgery lies not only in gaining visual acuity lines, but also in vision quality. Therefore, refractive and cataract surgeries have the responsibility of achieving quality results. It is difficult to define quality of vision by a single parameter, and the main functional-vision tests are: contrast sensitivity, disability glare, intraocular stray light and aberrometry. In the current review the different components of the visual function are explained and the several available methods to assess the vision quality are described.

  5. Extracapsular cataract surgery compared with manual small incision cataract surgery in community eye care setting in western India: a randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Gogate, P M; Deshpande, M; Wormald, R. P.; Deshpande, R.; Kulkarni, S. R.

    2003-01-01

    Aim: To study “manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS)” for the rehabilitation of cataract visually impaired and blind patients in community based, high volume, eye hospital setting; to compare the safety and effectiveness of MSICS with conventional extracapsular cataract surgery (ECCE).

  6. Effect of Cataract Surgery With Phacoemulsification on Diabetic Retinopathy

    OpenAIRE

    B?R?NC?, H.; SEZG?N, S.; OGE, I.

    2009-01-01

    To asses the influence of cataract surgery and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation on retinopathy progression, and visual acuity in patients with different stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Ninety-three eyes of 76 patients with or without diabetic retinopathy were evaluated prospectively following cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation between January 1995 and December 2000. The ocular findings were recorded on each follow-up visits for at l...

  7. Laser-assisted cataract surgery and other emerging technologies for cataract removal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aasuri Murali

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available As we near the end of this century, refractive cataract surgery has become a reality through concerted contributions from ultrasonic phacoemulsification, foldable intraocular lens (IOL implantation technology and keratorefractive surgery. As we enter the new millennium, our sights are set on realizing another dream: accommodative IOL surgery. Towards achieving this goal, many advances have been made in both techniques and technology of cataract removal. Lasers in particular have been under investigation for cataract removal for nearly two decades. The technology has now reached a stage where cataract can indeed be removed entirely with laser alone. Neodymium:YAG and erbium:YAG are the laser sources currently utilized by manufacturers of laser phaco systems. Initial clinical experience reported in the literature has served to highlight the capabilities of lasers and the need for further refinement. Despite the excitement associated with the availability of this alluring new technology for cataract removal, it is necessary to develop more effective laser systems and innovative surgical techniques that optimize its capabilities if laser phaco surgery is to be a genuine improvement over current techniques.

  8. Sutureless Cataract Surgery: Principles and Steps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Sandford-Smith

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Cataracts cause about 50% of world blindness. There is little likelihood of effective prevention becoming available in the next few years and so the only treatment will remain surgical. For many of the other major causes of world blindness, like trachoma, xerophthalmia and onchocerciasis, the remedy is community-based, not hospital-based, and requires prevention rather than treatment. The prevalence of blinding cataract will only increase as people live longer, so cataract will continue to be, by far, the most important treatable cause of blindness.

  9. Bilateral atonic pupils after cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekwani, Shivan; Ghafouri, Roya; Andreoli, Michelle; Davis, Patricia; Bouchard, Charles

    2008-01-01

    This case report describes the unusual finding of bilateral atonic pupils after cataract extraction by phacoemulsification in an 84-year-old woman with multiple cardiopulmonary risk factors. PMID:18435339

  10. Primary posterior capsular opacification in Indian rural population undergoing cataract surgery for hypermature senile cataract

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    Joshi RS

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Rajesh Subhash JoshiDepartment of Ophthalmology, Vasatrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, IndiaAim: To find out the incidence of primary posterior capsular opacification (PCO in rural patients with a hypermature senile cataract undergoing cataract surgery.Settings: Tertiary eye care center in central India.Design: Prospective, observational, noncomparative study.Materials and methods: Two-hundred eyes of 200 patients presenting with a hypermature cataract underwent manual small incision cataract surgery. A single surgeon performed all surgeries under peribulbar anesthesia. After cortical clean-up, the capsular bag was inflated with viscoelastic. The presence or absence of opacity on the posterior lens capsule and location was noted. Postoperative follow-up was done for visual acuity and need for neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (ND:YAG laser capsulotomy.Results: Primary PCO occurred in 76 eyes (incidence of 38%. It was peripheral in 58 eyes (76.3% and central in 18 eyes (23.7%. At 6 weeks postoperatively, best corrected visual acuity for eyes with central primary PCO (n = 18 was 0.2–0.3 logMAR and 0–0.2 logMAR for eyes with peripheral primary PCO (n = 58. Best corrected visual acuity at the 6- and 12-month follow-up was 0–0.2 logMAR in both groups. Fibrotic primary PCO was seen in four patients. No predilection for the development of primary PCO to a particular quadrant of posterior capsule was observed. At 1 year postoperatively, eleven (14.5% patients required ND:YAG laser capsulotomy, six (7.90% of whom underwent ND:YAG laser capsulotomy at the 6-month follow-up. Seven patients with central primary PCO and four patients with peripheral primary PCO required ND:YAG laser capsulotomy.Conclusion: A high incidence of primary PCO was noted in rural patients with a hypermature senile cataract undergoing cataract surgery. No serious intraoperative complications were noted. Visual outcome at 1-year follow-up was satisfactory. Need for early ND:YAG laser posterior capsulotomy should be explained to these patients before cataract surgery. No post ND:YAG capsulotomy complications were noted in any patient.Keywords: posterior capsular opacification, hypermature cataract, manual small incision cataract surgery

  11. Results of cataract surgery in elderly people from Jatibonico municipality.

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    Arelys Caraballo Díaz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A cataract is considered a disease of great magnitude and importance due to the decrease of visual acuity it causes and because it is widespread in the world. A descriptive study was conducted in order to describe the results of cataract surgery by extracting the extracapsular lens and placing an intraocular lens in elderly people operated on at the "Camilo Cienfuegos" General Hospital in the province of Sancti Spiritus, belonging to Jatibonico municipality in the period from January 3 to December 31, 2008. The population consisted of all cataract surgery patients aged 60 and over. 187 patients. The following variables were used: sex, age, eye diseases associated complications and visual results after placing an intraocular lens. Age between 60 and 69 years (78%, and female sex (29% were predominant. Posterior capsule rupture (34% and its opacity (34% were the main intraoperative and postoperative complications. Despite complications, there was an improvement of visual acuity evident after the completion of surgery.

  12. Sutureless Non-phaco Cataract Surgery: A Solution to Reduce Worldwide Cataract Blindness?

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    Albrecht Hennig

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The Search for Appropriate Sutureless Cataract Surgery. During the last decade, in industrialised countries phacoemulsification has largely replaced ab-externo extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lenses (ECCE/PC IOL with sutures. The small self-sealing phaco incision provides rapid visual rehabilitation, and the surgery is increasingly done on an outpatient basis. However, in developing countries phacoemulsification is performed only on selected patients, usually those able to pay high treatment charges. The reasons for this include the cost of a phaco machine and consumables such as foldable IOLs. Until now, phacoemulsification has played a very limited role in the reduction of cataract blindness in low income countries. Therefore, eye surgeons in developing countries are searching for alternatives to phacoemulsification. We need a surgical technique which is easy to learn, provides an immediate good uncorrected visual outcome, and is affordable to most cataract patients. Such a technique would advance cataract surgery in low income countries and contribute to reaching the goal of VISION 2020: The Right to Sight.

  13. Outcome of cataract surgery in patients with retinitis pigmentosa

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, H.(Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, 60439-4843, USA); GARWAY-HEATH, D; Rosen, P.; Bird, A.; Tuft, S.

    2001-01-01

    AIM—To determine the visual benefit of cataract extraction in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and to identify risk factors for poor outcome.?METHODS—A retrospective analysis was undertaken of a continuous series of 142 eyes of 89 patients with retinitis pigmentosa undergoing cataract surgery between 1985 and 1997.?RESULTS—Mean age at surgery was 47.5 years (range 24-81 years). In 100 eyes there was posterior subcapsular lens opacity alone, 37 eyes also had moderate nuclear sclerosis, and f...

  14. Application of intraocular lens in infant cataract surgery

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    Jin-Yan Qi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Cataract extraction and the intraocular lens(IOLimplantation are the first choice to cure children cataract both domestic and overseas so far. However, IOL implantation in the eyes of children, especially in infant, has always been cared by ophthalmologists. Timely implanting IOL after the cataract extraction has played a significant role in terms of the refractive correction, the establishment of visual function, the prevention of amblyopia and the reconstruction of binocular vision. However, on the issue of IOL implantation after cataract extraction, there is always controversy on cataract treatment programs for children, and the focus of the controversy is when the IOL should be implanted. Theoretically, the principle of pediatric cataract surgery is the sooner the better, aiming to remove deprivation factor, open the visual pathway, implant IOL timely, and promote the visual development. How to find both “early” and safe IOL implantation time point is undoubtedly helpful for the rehabilitation of visual function of these children. The issues on the IOL implantation after children cataract extraction both at home and abroad are summarized below.

  15. Results of cataract surgery in young children in east Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yorston, D.; Wood, M.; Foster, A.

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in children in east Africa. The results of surgery are poor, partly because of inadequate correction of aphakia.?METHODS—A retrospective survey of 118 eyes in 71 children with bilateral cataract. All eyes had implantation of an IOL at the time of cataract surgery. The average age at surgery was 3.5 years. 28 patients(39%) were less than 2 years old at the time of surgery on their first eye.?RESULTS—Preoperatively, 75.4% of eyes and 76.1% of patients were blind. A follow up of at least 3 months was available in 91 (77.1%) eyes. In these eyes, 44% had a latest corrected vision of 6/18 or better and 91.2% had a latest corrected vision of 6/60 or better. Eyes with zonular cataract, and eyes operated after the age of 2 years were more likely to obtain a vision of 6/18 or better. 3.3% of eyes and 1.8% of patients had an acuity of less than 3/60. Nystagmus was present in 42.3% of patients before surgery. In those patients followed up for a minimum of 6 months, 10.2% still had nystagmus. The most frequent complication was severe fibrinous uveitis, which occurred in 36 (30.5%) eyes. 62 (52.5%) eyes had a posterior capsulotomy at the time of cataract extraction. Of the remaining 56 eyes, 20 (35.7%) had so far required a posterior capsulotomy. The leading cause of poor visual outcome was amblyopia. Two patients developed severe complications related to the intraocular lens.?CONCLUSIONS—Insertion of a lens implant at the time of cataract extraction appears to be well tolerated in the short term, and may offer significant advantages in an African setting.?? PMID:11222328

  16. Combined 23-Gauge Transconjunctival Sutureless Vitrectomy and Cataract Surgery in Cases with Cataract and Posterior Segment Diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Yazici Ahmet; Kara Necip; Bozkurt Ercument; Cakir Mehmet; Goker Hasan; Demirok Ahmet; Yilmaz Omer

    2010-01-01

    Background: Combined cataract surgery and transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy are a good option in patients with cataract and vitreoretinal diseases. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness, outcomes, and complications of combined 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy and cataract surgery. Settings and Design: A retrospective case series was conducted at the Beyoglu Eye Education and Research Hospital. Materials and Methods: In this study, 28 eyes of 28 patients underwent combine...

  17. Vitrectorhexis versus forceps posterior capsulorhexis in pediatric cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochgaway, Lav; Biswas, Partha; Paul, Ajoy; Sinha, Sourav; Biswas, Rupak; Maity, Puspen; Banerjee, Sumita

    2013-07-01

    This study was done to compare the results of posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis created using forceps with those created using vitrector in eyes suffering from congenital cataract. Vitrectorhexis term was first used by Wilson et al in 1999. [1] Fifty eyes with congenital and developmental cataract were included in this study. The posterior capsulorhexis was created using utrata forceps in 17 eyes or through a vitrector in 33 eyes. Forceps capsulorhexis was performed before IOL implantation, while vitrectorhexis was performed after IOL implantation in the bag. The results of both the surgery were compared using the following criteria: incidence of extension of rhexis, ability to achieve posterior rhexis of appropriate size, ability to implant the IOL in the bag, the surgical time, and learning curve. Vitrectorhexis after IOL implantation was an easy to learn alternative to manual posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis in pediatric cataract surgery. It was more predictable and reproducible, with a short learning curve and lesser surgical time. PMID:23571249

  18. Vitrectorhexis versus forceps posterior capsulorhexis in pediatric cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lav Kochgaway

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was done to compare the results of posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis created using forceps with those created using vitrector in eyes suffering from congenital cataract. Vitrectorhexis term was first used by Wilson et al in 1999. [1] Fifty eyes with congenital and developmental cataract were included in this study. The posterior capsulorhexis was created using utrata forceps in 17 eyes or through a vitrector in 33 eyes. Forceps capsulorhexis was performed before IOL implantation, while vitrectorhexis was performed after IOL implantation in the bag. The results of both the surgery were compared using the following criteria: incidence of extension of rhexis, ability to achieve posterior rhexis of appropriate size, ability to implant the IOL in the bag, the surgical time, and learning curve. Vitrectorhexis after IOL implantation was an easy to learn alternative to manual posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis in pediatric cataract surgery. It was more predictable and reproducible, with a short learning curve and lesser surgical time.

  19. Cost-effectiveness of cataract surgery in a public health eye care programme in Nepal.

    OpenAIRE

    Marseille, E.

    1996-01-01

    Presented is an assessment of the cost-effectiveness of cataract surgery using cost and services data from the Lumbini Zonal Eye Care Programme in Nepal. The analysis suggests that cataract surgery may be even more cost-effective than previously reported. Under a "best estimate" scenario, cataract surgery had a cost of US$5.06 per disability-adjusted life year (DALY). This places it among the most cost-effective of public health interventions. Sensitivity analysis indicates that cataract surg...

  20. Conjunctival inclusion cysts following small incision cataract surgery

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    Narayanappa Shylaja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of acquired conjunctival inclusion cysts following various ophthalmic surgeries such as strabismus surgery, scleral buckling, pars plana vitrectomy, ptosis surgery and phacoemulsification has been reported. We report two cases of conjunctival inclusion cysts following manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS in two male patients aged 65 and 67 years. The cysts originated from the scleral tunnel used for manual SICS. Both were treated by excision and confirmed histopathologically. No recurrence was noted at three months follow-up. To our knowledge, conjunctival inclusion cysts following SICS have not been reported previously. Careful reflection of conjunctiva during tunnel construction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation may prevent their occurrence.

  1. Cataract surgery: ensuring equal access for boys and girls

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    Sylvia Shirima

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In Tanzania, many children are not brought for surgery in a timely fashion and follow up is often poor. Research at Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC has shown that girls are more likely than boys to be negatively affected: * Only half as many girls as boys received cataract surgery. * Girls tended to be brought for surgery later than boys. * Girls who did receive surgery were less likely than boys to be brought for the appropriate two-week follow-up visit (36 per cent of girls vs 64 per cent of boys.

  2. Anterior chamber aspirate cultures in small incision cataract surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Manners, T D; Chitkara, D K; Marsh, P J; Stoddart, M G

    1995-01-01

    BACKGROUND--Anterior chamber aspirates on completion of extracapsular cataract surgery contain significant numbers of organisms, particularly coagulase negative staphylococci, an important cause of endophthalmitis. METHODS--Culture rates were compared in 50 patients after phacoemulsification surgery, which allows the possible benefits of a small, self sealing wound and maintenance of positive intraocular pressure, with a similar number of extracapsular cases. RESULTS--A culture positive rate ...

  3. Long-term outcome after cataract surgery : a longitudinal study

    OpenAIRE

    Lundqvist, Britta

    2009-01-01

    Background Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure carried out in the developed world and surgery volumes have increased considerably during the last decades. Various aspects of the surgical procedure, including surgical incision size and intraocular lens materials, have changed substantially, improving the safety and the quality of the outcome. Previous research has primarily focused on the visual function results with a short follow-up time. Long-term population-based studies...

  4. Visual outcomes after cataract surgery and cataract surgical coverage in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachani, D; Gupta, S K; Murthy, G V; Jose, R

    1999-01-01

    Visual outcomes of 2369 cataract operated persons(3655 eyes) across seven major Indian states were assessed in 1998. This is the largest ever study over the past decade in the country. 9.54 per cent of the examined population had undergone operation for cataract in one or both eyes. Intra-capsular cataract extraction was the commonest surgical modality adopted (91.62%). Intraocular lens implants resulted in better visual outcomes with 71.4 per cent of such patients achieving a good visual outcome (> or = 6/18 in operated eyes). Visual outcome was also good if ICCE operated patients were provided good quality aphakic spectacles. There were no gender differentials in surgical uptake rates. The risk of poor postsurgical visual outcome was strongly associated by type of surgery (Adjusted OR for ICCE-2.78; 95% CI: 1.41-5.49) and the non-availability or poor quality aphakic spectacles (Adjusted OR for poor/no spectacles 4.59-95% CI: 3.53-5.97). Duration since surgery and the source of surgery did not influence visual outcomes. Half the cataract blind remained unoperated in the study population. PMID:11008899

  5. Focussing both eyes on health outcomes: revisiting cataract surgery

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    Davis Jennifer C

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The appropriateness of cataract surgery procedures has been questioned, the suggestion being that the surgery is sometimes undertaken too early in the disease progression. Our three study questions were: What is the level of visual impairment in patients scheduled for cataract surgery? What is the improvement following surgery? Given the thresholds for a minimal detectable change (MDC and a minimal clinically important difference (MCID, do gains in visual function reach the MDC and MCID thresholds? Methods The sample included a prospective cohort of cataract surgery patients from four Fraser Health Authority ophthalmologists. Visual function (VF-14 was assessed pre-operatively and at seven weeks post-operatively. Two groups from this cohort were included in this analysis: ‘all first eyes’ (cataract extraction on first eye and ‘both eyes’ (cataract removed from both eyes. Descriptive statistics, change scores for VF-14 for each eye group and proportion of patients who reach the MDC and MCID are reported. Results One hundred and forty-two patients are included in the ‘all first eyes’ analyses and 55 in the ‘both eyes’ analyses. The mean pre-operative VF-14 score for the ‘all first eyes’ group was 86.7 (on a 0–100 scale where 100 is full visual function. The mean change in VF-14 for the 'both eyes' group was 7.5. Twenty-three percent of patients achieved improvements in visual function beyond the MCID threshold and 35% saw improvement beyond the MDC. Conclusions Neither threshold level for MDC or MCID for the VF-14 scale was achieved for a majority of patients. A plausible explanation for this is the very high levels of pre-operative visual functioning.

  6. Evaluation of diopter after cataract surgery in high myopia combined cataract

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    Wan-Qi Zhang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To observe the diopter after cataract surgery for vision gain in high myopia and its effect on visual outcomes. METHODS: Sixty(120 eyeshigh myopia combined with cataract cases received phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in our hospital were retrospective studied. The patients were divided into three groups based on postoperative diopter: -1.0?-2.0D(group A, -2.25?-3.0D(group Band -3.25?-4.0D(group C. The uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCDVA, best corrected distant visual acuity(BCDVA, uncorrected near visual acuity(UCNVAand questionnaire of Activities of Daily Vision Scale(ADVSwere collected to assess the vision gain at 3mo after cataract surgery. RESULTS: At 3mo after surgery, UCDVA of group A was better than that of group B, and UCDVA of group B was better than that of group C. There were no differences in BCDVA among groups. There were significant differences between the three groups' UCNVA, it was best for the group C, followed by the group B, group A was the worst. For questionnaire, no difference was observed in patients' satisfactory for surgical results, but a significant difference was detected in postoperative glasses wearing frequency between groups. CONCLUSION:For cataract surgery in high myopia combined cataract, postoperative diopter should be calculated based on patients' daily requirements. For patients had not used to wearing glasses and near distant working condition, it's appropriated to reserve a minor degree of myopia. Conversely, for patients require near distant working and received wearing moderate and low hyperopia mirror, higher degree of myopia can be reserved.

  7. Prevalence of myopic shifts among patients seeking cataract surgery

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    Rafael Iribarren

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern cataract surgery by phacoemulsification is a widely accepted procedure with a rapid recovery time. The prescription of specific intraocular lens, implanted during surgery, makes it possible to anticipate whether the patient will need reading glasses after the procedure. The present study analyses a sample of cataract surgery patients to show the frequency of myopic shifts related to nuclear opacity, which can result in clear near vision before surgery. A non-selected sample of consecutive patients who underwent elective cataract surgery in a private clinic was studied retrospectively. The myopic shift in refraction was assessed by comparing the old prescription with the spectacle correction at the time of interviewing.The mean age of the 229 subjects studied was 71.5 ± 10.4 years (109, 47.6%, males. A myopic shift in refraction, defined as at least - 0.5 diopters, was present in 37.1% of subjects (95% CI: 30.8%-43.4%. The mean change in refraction in these subjects was -2.52 ± 1.52 diopters. The percentage of subjects who had developed a myopic shift was significantly greater in those who presented greater nuclear opalescence. There were also differences in the mean myopic shift by refractive group, with the emmetropes having the greatest myopic shift. In this study of patients seeking cataract surgery in a clinical setting, more than one third had myopic shifts in refraction. This must be taken into account in order that patients maintain the benefit of clear near vision after surgery.

  8. Maximal mydriasis evaluation in cataract surgery

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    Ho Tony

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available We propose the Maximal Mydriasis Test (MMT as a simple and safe means to provide the cataract surgeon with objective and dependable pre-operative information on the idiosyncratic mydriatic response of the pupil. The MMT results of a consecutive series of 165 eyes from 100 adults referred for cataract evaluation are presented to illustrate its practical applications and value. The results of the MMT allows the surgeon to anticipate problem eyes pre-operatively so that he can plan his surgical strategy more appropriately and effectively. Conversely, the surgeon can also appropriately and confidently plan surgical procedures where wide pupillary dilation is important. The MMT has also helped improve our cost-effectiveness by cutting down unnecessary delays in the operating room and enabling better utilisation of restricted costly resources.

  9. Explicit criteria for prioritization of cataract surgery

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    Escobar Antonio

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Consensus techniques have been used previously to create explicit criteria to prioritize cataract extraction; however, the appropriateness of the intervention was not included explicitly in previous studies. We developed a prioritization tool for cataract extraction according to the RAND method. Methods Criteria were developed using a modified Delphi panel judgment process. A panel of 11 ophthalmologists was assembled. Ratings were analyzed regarding the level of agreement among panelists. We studied the effect of all variables on the final panel score using general linear and logistic regression models. Priority scoring systems were developed by means of optimal scaling and general linear models. The explicit criteria developed were summarized by means of regression tree analysis. Results Eight variables were considered to create the indications. Of the 310 indications that the panel evaluated, 22.6% were considered high priority, 52.3% intermediate priority, and 25.2% low priority. Agreement was reached for 31.9% of the indications and disagreement for 0.3%. Logistic regression and general linear models showed that the preoperative visual acuity of the cataractous eye, visual function, and anticipated visual acuity postoperatively were the most influential variables. Alternative and simple scoring systems were obtained by optimal scaling and general linear models where the previous variables were also the most important. The decision tree also shows the importance of the previous variables and the appropriateness of the intervention. Conclusion Our results showed acceptable validity as an evaluation and management tool for prioritizing cataract extraction. It also provides easy algorithms for use in clinical practice.

  10. DEPLOYMENT OF SIX SIGMA METHODOLOGY IN PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY

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    Ibrahim SAHBAZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to show how a public eye care center in Turkey initiated Six Sigma principles to reduce the number of complications encountered during and after phacoemulsification cataract surgeries. To analyze the 3-year data, main tools of Six Sigma’s Define-Measure-Analyze-Improve-Control (DMAIC improvement cycle such as SIPOC table, Fishbone Diagram and, Failure, Mode and Effect Analysis were implemented. Experience of the ophthalmic surgeon, patient’s anatomy, cooperation of patient during the surgery, sterilization and hygiene, attention of assistant surgeon, calibration of equipment and quality/chemical composition of intraocular material were identified to be Critical-to-Quality (CTQ factors for a successful phacoemulsification cataract surgery. The most frequently occurring complication was found to be iris atrophy. The process sigma level for the process was found to be 3.958.

  11. Barriers to the uptake of cataract surgery in patients presenting to a hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Dhaliwal Upreet; Gupta Sunil

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To assess the barriers for the acceptance of surgery among patients with cataract and visual disability. Materials and Methods: A short-term descriptive study was conducted in patients with cataract presenting to a hospital. Socio-demographic data were entered in a proforma. An interviewer-assisted questionnaire, surveying knowledge about cataract and barriers to cataract surgery, was administered by one of the authors (SKG) in the local language (Hindi). Results: There were 1...

  12. Retinal safety of near-infrared lasers in cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jenny; Sramek, Christopher; Paulus, Yannis M.; Lavinsky, Daniel; Schuele, Georg; Anderson, Dan; Dewey, David; Palanker, Daniel

    2012-09-01

    Femtosecond lasers have added unprecedented precision and reproducibility to cataract surgery. However, retinal safety limits for the near-infrared lasers employed in surgery are not well quantified. We determined retinal injury thresholds for scanning patterns while considering the effects of reduced blood perfusion from rising intraocular pressure and retinal protection from light scattering on bubbles and tissue fragments produced by laser cutting. We measured retinal damage thresholds of a stationary, 1030-nm, continuous-wave laser with 2.6-mm retinal spot size for 10- and 100-s exposures in rabbits to be 1.35 W (1.26 to 1.42) and 0.78 W (0.73 to 0.83), respectively, and 1.08 W (0.96 to 1.11) and 0.36 W (0.33 to 0.41) when retinal perfusion is blocked. These thresholds were input into a computational model of ocular heating to calculate damage threshold temperatures. By requiring the tissue temperature to remain below the damage threshold temperatures determined in stationary beam experiments, one can calculate conservative damage thresholds for cataract surgery patterns. Light scattering on microbubbles and tissue fragments decreased the transmitted power by 88% within a 12 deg angle, adding a significant margin for retinal safety. These results can be used for assessment of the maximum permissible exposure during laser cataract surgery under various assumptions of blood perfusion, treatment duration, and scanning patterns.

  13. Cirugía de catarata en pacientes vitrectomizados / Cataract surgery in vitrectomized patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ailen, Garcés Fernández; Suzel, Veitía Rovirosa; Iván, López Hernández.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La vitrectomía pars plana en el desprendimiento de retina, así como la cirugía de patologías maculares y de la retinopatía diabética, entre otras, exacerba la progresión y el desarrollo de catarata en pacientes fáquicos, considerada una complicación frecuente de esta intervención. La extracción de c [...] atarata en ojos con cirugía vítrea previa se caracteriza por una serie de diferencias que particularizan a este tipo de pacientes. Esta particularidad motivó la siguiente revisión con el propósito de hacer referencia a algunos factores que influyen en el desarrollo o progresión de la catarata después de la vitrectomía pars plana, complicaciones de los sustitutos vítreos, opciones en la realización simultánea o secuencial de la cirugía de segmento anterior y posterior. Se aborda también algunas consideraciones pre y transoperatorias de la cirugía de catarata en ojos vitrectomizados, así como complicaciones trans y postoperatorias. La capacidad visual puede mejorar significativamente luego de la cirugía de catarata, sin embargo, la cuantía de la misma estará determinada por la extensión y severidad de la patología vítreo-retiniana de base. Abstract in english Pars plana vitrectomy in retinal detachment as well as in macular pathology and diabetic retinopathy surgeries, among others, exacerbated the progression and the development of cataract in phakic patients, which is considered a common complication of this intervention. Cataract extraction in eyes th [...] at underwent previous vitreous surgery is characterized by a series of differences that particularize this type of patients. This particularity encouraged the following review to mention some factors influencing the development or the progression of cataract after pars plana vitrectomy, complications of vitreous replacements, options in simultaneous or sequential performance of the anterior and posterior segment surgery. It also dealt with some preoperative and transoperative considerations of the cataract surgery in vitrectomized eyes as well as transoperative and postoperative complications. The visual capacity may significantly improve after the cataract surgery; however, the magnitude of such capacity will be determined by the extension and severity of the underlying vitreous-retinal pathology.

  14. Phacoemulsification versus small incision cataract surgery in patients with uveitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhargava, Rahul; Kumar, Prachi; Sharma, Shiv Kumar; Kumar, Manoj; Kaur, Avinash

    2015-01-01

    AIM To compare the safety and efficacy of phacoemulsification and small incision cataract surgery (SICS) in patients with uveitic cataract. METHODS In a prospective, randomized multi-centric study, consecutive patients with uveitic cataract were randomized to receive phacoemulsification or manual SICS by either of two surgeons well versed with both the techniques. A minimum inflammation free period of 3mo (defined as less than 5 cells per high power field in anterior chamber) was a pre-requisite for eligibility for surgery. Superior scleral tunnel incisions were used for both techniques. Improvement in visual acuity post-operatively was the primary outcome measure and the rate of post-operative complications and surgical time were secondary outcome measures, respectively. Means of groups were compared using t-tests. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used when there were more than two groups. Chi-square tests were used for proportions. Kaplan Meyer survival analysis was done and means for survival time was estimated at 95% confidence interval (CI). A P value of cataract under such circumstances. PMID:26558210

  15. Postage stamp multiple anterior capsulorhexisotomies in pediatric cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma Namrata; Sinha Rajesh; Titiyal Jeewan S; Vajpayee Rasik B

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background Capsule related complications are common following pediatric cataract surgery. We report a new technique of multiple anterior capsulorhexisotomies after lens aspiration and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Methods After performing automated lens aspiration, an IOL was implanted into the capsular bag. A bent 26 gauge needle was introduced through one side port and multiple small cuts were made in one half of the circumference of the anterior capsular rim by making a rad...

  16. Accuracy of intraocular lens power calculation in paediatric cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Tromans, C; Haigh, P.; Biswas, S; Lloyd, I.

    2001-01-01

    AIMS—To determine the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in a group of pseudophakic children.?METHODS—A retrospective analysis of biometric and refractive data was performed on 52 eyes of 40 infants and children, who successfully underwent cataract extraction and IOL implantation. The following parameters were included: age at the time of surgery, keratometry, axial length, estimated refraction, and the power of IOL implanted. The postoperative refractive outcome was taken a...

  17. DEPLOYMENT OF SIX SIGMA METHODOLOGY IN PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahim SAHBAZ; Mehmet Tolga TANER; Gamze KAGAN; Hüseyin SANISOGLU; Engin ERBAS; Durmus, Ebubekir; Meltem TUNCA; Hazar ENGINYURT

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to show how a public eye care center in Turkey initiated Six Sigma principles to reduce the number of complications encountered during and after phacoemulsification cataract surgeries. To analyze the 3-year data, main tools of Six Sigma’s Define-Measure-Analyze-Improve-Control (DMAIC) improvement cycle such as SIPOC table, Fishbone Diagram and, Failure, Mode and Effect Analysis were implemented. Experience of the ophthalmic surgeon, patient’s anatomy, cooperation ...

  18. Argon laser photocoagulation of cyclodialysis clefts after cataract surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three patients with cyclodialysis clefts, hypotony and hypotonic retinopathy subsequent to cataract surgery were treated with argon laser photocoagulation. The hypotony was reversed in each patient and their visual acuity was normalized. Laser photocoagulation is a noninvasive treatment that can be repeated easily and safely. The complications of the treatment are minor. A hypertensive episode commonly occurs in the early postoperative period. (au) 8 refs

  19. MRSA and cataract surgery – reflections for practice

    OpenAIRE

    LF Porter; RU Khan2; Hannan, A; et. al.

    2010-01-01

    LF Porter1, RU Khan2, A Hannan3, SP Kelly11Royal Bolton Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Bolton, UK; 2Departments of Microbiology, Royal Bolton Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Bolton, UK; 3Haughton Thornley Medical Centers, NHS Tameside and Glossop, UKIntroduction: Postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis is a devastating complication of cataract surgery. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endophthalmitis is rare. Recent debate over MRSA screening in United Kingdom (UK) National H...

  20. Suppurative keratitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae after cataract surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Charteris, D G; Batterbury, M.; Armstrong, M.; Tullo, A B

    1994-01-01

    Six elderly patients are described (age range 76-86 years) in whom a characteristic peripheral suppurative keratitis developed 1-36 months after uncomplicated cataract surgery. A corneal section had been used in all patients and four or five interrupted nylon sutures were present at the time of onset. Streptococcus pneumoniae was cultured from a corneal scrape in all cases. Treatment with appropriate antibiotics resulted in slow resolution though supplementary topical steroids were necessary ...

  1. Anaesthetic Management for Cataract Surgery in VACTERL Syndrome Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonal S Khatavkar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Eight year old girl, weighing 14 kg with VACTERL syndrome V: Vertebral anomalies, A: Anal malformation, C: Cardiovascular defect, TE: Tracheal and esophageal malformation, R:Renal agenesis, L: Limb anomalies., underwent cataract surgery under general anaesthesia. She had multiple congenital anomalies like esophageal atresia, imperfo-rate anus (corrected, single kidney& radial aplasia. Anticipating problems of gastro-esophageal reflux& chronic renal failure, successful management was done.

  2. Prevalence of blindness and cataract surgery in Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Pokharel, G; Regmi, G; Shrestha, S; Negrel, A; Ellwein, L

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND—A national eye care programme was launched in Nepal in the early 1980s. The impact of this programme on blindness and cataract surgery prevalence was evaluated in two geographic zones.?METHODS—People aged 45 years and older were sampled using a stratified cluster design. Within randomly selected clusters, door to door enumeration was followed by visual acuity measurement and eye examinations at conveniently located sites. The full survey was preceded by a pilot study where operatio...

  3. Endophthalmitis: controlling infection before and after cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Nuwan Niyadurupola; Nick Astbury

    2008-01-01

    Endophthalmitis is a rare, but serious, postoperative complication of cataract surgery. It can have a devastating consequence on a patient’s vision: some patients may lose all light perception.The incidence of endophthalmitis has been reported to be between 0.13% and 0.7%.1 The primary source of this intraocular infection is considered to be bacteria from the patient’s ocular surface (cornea, conjunctiva) or adnexa (lacrimal glands, eyelids, and extraocular muscles). The bacteria most frequen...

  4. Application of intracameral moxifloxacin to prevent endophthalmitis in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Servet Cetinkaya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of intracameral moxifloxacin in preventing endophthalmitis after cataract surgery.METHODS:Sixty-five eyes of 65 patients underwent cataract surgery between January and June 2012. Some patients received intracameral moxifloxacin at the end of surgery, while others did not(controls. Pre- and postperative logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution(logMARbest corrected visual acuity(BCVA, intraocular pressure(IOP, corneal edema, and anterior chamber(ACstatus were examined.RESULTS: Thirty-three patients(19 males, 14 females; average age, 64.81±11.61y(range: 41-82yreceived moxifloxacin and 32 patients(15 males, 17 females; average age, 65.43±11.10y(range: 42-81ydid not. The differences in patient age(P=0.827and sex(P=0.396were insignificant. Preoperative BCVA was approximately 20/130 in both groups. After surgery, moxifloxacin and control patients had a BCVA of 20/25 and 20/23, respectively(P=0.160. Preoperative IOP was 14.93±2.77mmHg(range: 11-21mmHgin moxifloxacin patients and 15.06±2.42mm Hg(range: 12-21mmHgin controls(P=0.850. After surgery, IOP was not statistically different between two groups(moxifloxacin: 14.06±2.31(range: 10-19mmHg, controls: 14.03±2.36mmHg(range: 10-19mmHg, P=0.960. Slight differences in corneal edema(P=0.623and anterior chamber cell(P=0.726incidences between two groups were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Intracameral moxifloxacin is safe and effective in preventing endophtalmitis after cataract surgery.

  5. Critical appraisal of ophthalmic ketorolac in treatment of pain and inflammation following cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy RK; Kim SJ

    2011-01-01

    Rahul Reddy, Stephen Jae KimDepartment of Ophthalmology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USABackground: The purpose of this review was to provide a critical appraisal of the literature supporting the efficacy of ophthalmic ketorolac (Acuvail®) in the treatment of pain and inflammation after cataract surgery.Methods: Literature search and expert opinion of the authors.Results: Recent studies indicate greater intraocular drug levels in the anterior chamber and iris-ciliary body af...

  6. Congenital cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation in microphthalmic eyes: visual outcomes and complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Carvalho Ventura

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To report the visual outcomes and complications of congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation in microphthalmic eyes of children younger than 4 years of age. METHODS:This retrospective interventional case series included 14 microphthalmic eyes from 10 children who underwent congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation younger than 4 years of age. Seven patients had bilateral cataracts (11 eyes met the study's inclusion criteria and 3 patients had unilateral cataract. Patients' medical charts were reviewed to obtain information regarding the preoperative and postoperative ophthalmological examination. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP, best-corrected visual acuity, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mean age at the time of surgery was 21.7 ± 2.9 months. Mean ocular axial length was 19.2 ± 0.9 mm. Mean preoperative IOP was 9.7 ± 1.7 mmHg and 10.3 ± 3.1 mmHg on final follow-up (P=0.18. There were no intraoperative complications. Two (15.4% eyes developed secondary visual axis opacification, of which only one needed to be reoperated due to significantly decreased vision (0.5 logMAR. Preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 2.09 ± 0.97 logMAR and 0.38 ± 0.08 logMAR in bilateral cases and 1.83 ± 1.04 logMAR and 0.42 ± 0.13 logMAR in unilateral cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: Primary intraocular lens implantation in congenital cataract surgery in microphthalmic eyes resulted in a significant best-corrected visual acuity improvement with no intraoperative complications and minimal postoperative complications.

  7. Clinical evaluation on the coaxial microincision cataract surgery in hard nuclear cataracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qing-Cheng Shi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To assess and compare the results of 2.2mm microincision coaxial cataract surgery(MCCSphacoemulsification with the conventional 3.0mm MCCS in hard nuclear cataracts. METHODS: Totally 132 eyes with hard cataract(? level and abovewere randomized to two groups: 2.2mm MCCS(group 1:60 eyesand 3.0mm MCCS(group 2:72 eyes. All patients underwent standard phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation surgery by one experienced surgeon. The average ultrasound power(AVEwas recorded during the operation. The incidences of capsule rupture and postoperative corneal edema were compared.Visual acuity, surgically induced astigmatism(SIAand the descent rate of endothelial cell density were compared at intervals of 1 day, 1 month and 3 months after surgery. Statistic analysis was taken by Student's t test and Chi square test. RESULTS: There was no significant difference on the incidences of capsule rupture, postoperative corneal edema and AVE(P> 0.05between the two groups(3.3%, 10.0%, 65.09±20.15and(4.2%, 11.1%, 69.13±15.44. One day after the surgery, the 2.2mm MCCS group showed better uncorrected visual acuity as compared to the 3.0mm MCCS group(P < 0.05. There were no significant differences on best-corrected visual acuity on 1 month and 3 months after the surgery. There was no significant difference on the descent rate of endothelial cell density(16.54%±10.20%, 17.69%±10.65%3 months after the surgery. One day, 1 month and 3 months after the surgery, SIA was 0.77±0.31,0.66±0.29, 0.52±0.25D in the 2.2mm MCCS group, and 1.41±0.73,0.98±0.61D,0.82±0.35D in the 3.0mm MCCS group, respectively. The differences were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The operative safety of the 2.2mm MCCS group were the same as 3.0mm MCCS group with the hard nuclear cataracts. The 2.2mm MCCS phacoemulsification could significantly reduce SIA and get better earlier visual rehabilitation.

  8. Comparative efficacy of topical tetracaine solution versus lidocaine gel in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bellucci R

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Roberto Bellucci1, Francesco Bellucci21Ophthalmic Unit, Department of Neurosciences, Hospital and University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 2Faculty of Psychology, University of Parma, Parma, ItalyBackground: Cataract surgery is mainly performed under topical anesthesia achieved either by tetracaine solution (0.5%–1.0% or gel (0.5%, or by 2% lidocaine gel. This paper reviews the current knowledge about these two drugs, with special emphasis on a published prospective comparison between them.Methods: The main pharmacological aspects of topical anesthetic agents are summarized, explaining the difference between the ester (tetracaine and the amide (lidocaine compounds. Tetracaine is available as single-use eye drops, or as a multidose gel containing benzalkonium chloride, a preservative not contained in the multidose lidocaine gel. A literature search was performed, using “tetracaine”, “tetracaine gel”, “lidocaine”, “lidocaine gel”, “lidocaine jelly”, and “cataract surgery” as keywords, and compiling cross-references. A total of 25 studies were identified and included in this review. Of them, seven were uncontrolled studies describing different experiences with the drugs of interest, and 18 were controlled studies. Six studies directly compared tetracaine eye drops or gel with lidocaine gel before cataract surgery.Results: Both tetracaine solution and gel and lidocaine gel proved to be effective in providing analgesia before cataract surgery. Both drugs were comparable with needle injection anesthesia when intracameral lidocaine was added to topical treatment. Direct comparisons indicate better activity for tetracaine when used at the 1% concentration in single-dose units, or in the gel form at a 0.5% concentration. Patients showed a slight preference for the agent that caused the least discomfort when administered (lidocaine, while the surgical complication rate and the surgeon satisfaction were the same with either drug.Conclusion: Tetracaine solution and lidocaine gel were equally effective in providing topical anesthesia for cataract surgery in the published studies. Tetracaine was found to be better than lidocaine only if augmented by either increasing the concentration to 1% (solution or by increasing the penetration by adding benzalkonium chloride (gel.Keywords: tetracaine, tetracaine gel, lidocaine, lidocaine gel, cataract surgery

  9. Cirurgia da catarata infantil unilateral / Unilateral pediatric cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adriana Maria Drummond, Brandão; Márcia Beatriz, Tartarella.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados visuais de uma série de crianças operadas de catarata unilateral. MÉTODOS: Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado através da análise de 35 prontuários médicos do Serviço de Catarata Congênita da UNIFESP/EPM. RESULTADOS: Quanto à etiologia, a primeira causa de catarata [...] foi idiopática, a segunda causa foi o trauma e a terceira foi a rubéola congênita. Em 51,4% dos olhos tinham acuidade visual pré-operatória de ausência de fixação. E em 42,8% dos casos operados a acuidade visual final foi igual ou melhor que 20/200. DISCUSSÃO: Embora a cirurgia em catarata unilateral seja motivo de controvérsias entre os oftalmologistas, obteve-se melhora de acuidade visual em número significativo de casos. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To analyze the results in a series of children submitted to unilateral cataract surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted through the analysis of 35 patient files from the Congenital Cataract Service of UNIFESP/EPM. RESULTS: The main cause of unilateral cataract was idiopathic, [...] the second cause was ocular trauma and the third cause was congenital rubella. Initial visual acuity was very poor in 51.4% of the cases (did not fix or follow), and the best corrected final visual acuity was better than 20/200 in 42.8% of the eyes. DISCUSSION: Although controversial, the surgical treatment of unilateral cataract, in this study, showed improvement in many cases.

  10. Bilateral photic maculopathy after extracapsular cataract surgery: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalfin, Steven

    1997-05-01

    A 42 year old Caucasian female underwent uncomplicated extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber lens implantation in the left eye, using a Zeiss model OpMi-6 operating microscope. Her postoperative course was unremarkable and she achieved a corrected visual acuity of 20/15+3. A lesion consistent with a photoretinal injury was noted inferior to the fovea. Seven months later the patient underwent cataract extraction in the right eye. Special care was taken to minimize light exposure during the procedure, including reducing the microscope illumination, minimizing operating time, intraoperative pharmacologic miosis, and using a corneal light shield. Despite these precautions, the patient developed a photoretinal injury almost identical to that in the contralateral eye. Postoperative corrected visual acuity was 20/15+3. Recent studies have reported incidences of retinal photic injuries from operating microscopes between 0 and 28 percent of patients. Several risk factors have been identified, including light intensity, intensity of the blue light component, and exposure time. The occurrence of a retinal photic injury in this patient despite precautions, development of bilateral cataracts at a young age, and a strong family history of early cataracts may indicate an inherited susceptibility to light induced damage. The American National Standards Institute is developing a product performance standard which will be applicable to operating microscopes used in ophthalmic surgery. The as yet undetermined role of individual susceptibility to retinal photic injury should be considered in the formulation of this standard.

  11. Cirurgia da catarata infantil unilateral Unilateral pediatric cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Maria Drummond Brandão

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados visuais de uma série de crianças operadas de catarata unilateral. MÉTODOS: Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado através da análise de 35 prontuários médicos do Serviço de Catarata Congênita da UNIFESP/EPM. RESULTADOS: Quanto à etiologia, a primeira causa de catarata foi idiopática, a segunda causa foi o trauma e a terceira foi a rubéola congênita. Em 51,4% dos olhos tinham acuidade visual pré-operatória de ausência de fixação. E em 42,8% dos casos operados a acuidade visual final foi igual ou melhor que 20/200. DISCUSSÃO: Embora a cirurgia em catarata unilateral seja motivo de controvérsias entre os oftalmologistas, obteve-se melhora de acuidade visual em número significativo de casos.PURPOSE: To analyze the results in a series of children submitted to unilateral cataract surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted through the analysis of 35 patient files from the Congenital Cataract Service of UNIFESP/EPM. RESULTS: The main cause of unilateral cataract was idiopathic, the second cause was ocular trauma and the third cause was congenital rubella. Initial visual acuity was very poor in 51.4% of the cases (did not fix or follow, and the best corrected final visual acuity was better than 20/200 in 42.8% of the eyes. DISCUSSION: Although controversial, the surgical treatment of unilateral cataract, in this study, showed improvement in many cases.

  12. Measuring the "fifth vital sign" in cataract surgery patients--is it necessary?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Cynthia; Navarro, Victoria; Jun, Albert; Annaberdyev, Shohrat

    2006-01-01

    As an ophthalmic nurse, you may wonder why it is so important to assess and manage the pain, or "fifth vital sign" of cataract surgery patients. How much pain could a patient experience as a result of a relatively short procedure? In January 2004, while reviewing the pain levels of 135 outpatient surgery patients undergoing cataract surgery, 21% of the patients reported pain. Twelve percent (12%) experienced mild pain and 9% experienced moderate to severe pain. Pain relief was recorded in 38% of cases. It was noted that there was no pain reassessment recorded by nurses in 62% of cases, demonstrating a deficit in pain assessment and documentation. At our institution, the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins Hospital, there is a pain assessment and management policy that requires a postoperative pain goal be identified prior to any surgical procedure. Hospital guidelines should be followed for documentation of pain in the outpatient setting. To improve the quality of pain assessment and documentation, and to meet the hospital compliance rate of 85%, an audit was performed on 60 outpatient cataract surgery charts over a one-month period. An initial compliance rate of 83% was established. After staff education and changes to the critical pathway, a re-audit demonstrated an increase to 95% in pain assessment and documentation. PMID:17253012

  13. Cataract in leprosy patients: cataract surgical coverage, barriers to acceptance of surgery, and outcome of surgery in a population based survey in Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Courtright, P; Lewallen, S; N Tungpakorn; Cho, B; Lim, Y; Lee, H., van der; Kim, S.

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND/AIMS—Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in leprosy patients. There is no population based information on the cataract surgical coverage, barriers to use of surgical services, and outcome of surgery in these patients. We sought to determine these measures of cataract programme effectiveness in a cured leprosy population in South Korea.?METHODS—The population consisted of residents of six leprosy resettlement villages in central South Korea. All residents were invited to part...

  14. Selective suture cutting for control of astigmatism following cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bansal R

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of 10-0 monofilament nylon in ECCE cataract surgery leads to high with the rule astigmatism. Many intraoperative and post operative methods have been used to minimise post operative astigmatism. We did selective suture cutting in 38 consecutive patients. Mean keratometric astigmatism at three and six weeks post operative was 5.76 and 5.42 dioptres (D respectively. 77.5% of eyes had astigmatism above 2 D. Selective suture cutting along the axis of the plus high cylinder was done after six weeks of surgery. Mean post suture cutting keratometric astigmatism was 3.3 D and 70% of the eyes had astigmatism below 2 D. After 3 months of surgery mean keratometric astigmatism was reduced to 1.84 D. Axis of the astigmatism also changed following suture cutting. 40% of the eyes showed improvement in their Snellen acuity following reduction in the cylindrical power.

  15. Automated surgical step recognition in normalized cataract surgery videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charrière, Katia; Quellec, Gwénolé; Lamard, Mathieu; Coatrieux, Gouenou; Cochener, Béatrice; Cazuguel, Guy

    2014-01-01

    Huge amounts of surgical data are recorded during video-monitored surgery. Content-based video retrieval systems intent to reuse those data for computer-aided surgery. In this paper, we focus on real-time recognition of cataract surgery steps: the goal is to retrieve from a database surgery videos that were recorded during the same surgery step. The proposed system relies on motion features for video characterization. Motion features are usually impacted by eye motion or zoom level variations, which are not necessarily relevant for surgery step recognition. Those problems certainly limit the performance of the retrieval system. We therefore propose to refine motion feature extraction by applying pre-processing steps based on a novel pupil center and scale tracking method. Those pre-processing steps are evaluated for two different motion features. In this paper, a similarity measure adapted from Piciarelli's video surveillance system is evaluated for the first time in a surgery dataset. This similarity measure provides good results and for both motion features, the proposed preprocessing steps improved the retrieval performance of the system significantly. PMID:25571028

  16. Management of intraoperative miosis during pediatric cataract surgery using healon 5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhanji Vishal

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : We describe a technique for achieving pupillary dilatation in order to manage and counteract intraoperative miosis during pediatric cataract surgery using viscoadaptive viscoelastic (sodium hyaluronate 2.3%. Materials and Methods : The technique of viscomydriasis was used in six eyes with pediatric cataracts with intraoperative pupillary miosis. Results : Pupillary dilatation was achieved and maintained in all eyes throughout cataract surgery. All the surgical steps including anterior and posterior capsulorrhexis and aspiration were performed successfully. Conclusions : Viscomydriasis is a simple and effective technique for the management of intraoperative pupillary miosis during cataract surgery in pediatric eyes.

  17. Preemptive analgesia in elective cataract surgery (Phacoemulcification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Zahedi

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Preemptive analgesia is based on the idea that analgesia which initiates before a nociceptive even will be more effective than the analgesia commenced afterwards. This clinical trial compared postoperative analgesia and comfort in patients with general anesthesia combined with preoperative or postoperative local anesthesia. Methods: 90 patients who had been scheduled for phacoemulcification in Farabi Eye Hospital, 2002-3, were enrolled in the study. Sixty patients received general anesthesia: 15 received preoperative local anesthesia (GA+LA+OP, 15 received postoperative local anesthesia (GA+OP+LA, and 30 did not get local anesthesia (only GA. Thirty patients only received local anesthesia (LA. Subjective postoperative pain was determined by a visual analogue scale. Frequency of oculocardiac reflex, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV, and patient's comfort were assessed. Results: Postoperative pain was less in local anesthesia (LA compared to general anesthesia (GA (p < 0.0001. Additional preoperative application of local anesthesia (GA+LA+OP resulted in less pain than additional postoperative application (GA+OP+LA (p <0.05. Additional postoperative peribulbar block did not differ from general anesthesia (Only GA. The incidence of intraoperative oculocardiac reflex and postoperative nausea and vomiting was significantly less in patients with peribulbar block (P = .0001 and in GA+LA+OP group, as compared with others (P= 0.001. Conclusion: We conclude that preoperative local anesthesia (Only LA or in combination with general anesthesia provides the best comfort for the patient in eye surgery. Keywords: preemptive analgesia, analgesia, peribulbar block, postoperative pain, phacoemulcification, ocular surgery

  18. Cataracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cataracts Listen Cataracts Defined A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are ... 2010 2010 U.S. Age-Specific Prevalence Rates for Cataract by Age, and Race/Ethnicity The risk of ...

  19. Impact of cataract surgery on vision-related life performances: the usefulness of Real-Life Vision Test for cataract surgery outcomes evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, W; Li, X; Hou, Z; Zhang, H; Qiu, W; Wang, W

    2015-12-01

    PurposeReal-Life Vision Test (RLVT) is a newly developed performance-based measures of functional vision. This present study is designed to determine whether it could be a meaningful assessment for cataract surgery outcomes evaluation.Patients and methodsAge-related cataract patients (56) who scheduled for bilateral cataract surgery and 44 age-matched controls were evaluated by four types of measurements: (1) demographic, medical, cognitive and depressive evaluation, and the reaction time testing; (2) clinical measures (visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, and color perception); (3) the 25-item National Eye Institute's Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ); (4) the RLVT. Spearman's coefficients and multiple regression analysis were conducted to investigate the relationship among RLVT, clinical measures, and self-report assessment of visual function.ResultsThe results of RLVT, clinical measures, and NEI-VFQ total scores were improved significantly after cataract surgery. There were no differences between control subjects and post-surgery patients with respect to NEI-VFQ-25 total scores, self-rating depression scale scores and three tasks of RLVT. Change of RLVT was significantly associated with the change of clinical measures in the cataract group. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that change of distance, intermediate, and near visual acuity, and binocular contrast sensitivity were significant predictors of improvements of RLVT.ConclusionsCataract surgery could improve real-world visual ability effectively for cataract patients. Our study highlights the potential usefulness of RLVT as an adjunct to the current outcomes evaluation system for cataract surgery. The use of RLVT combined with clinical and self-survey methods may be the comprehensive strategy to manifest the impact of cataract surgery on patients' overall vision-related quality of life. PMID:26272444

  20. The challenges in improving outcome of cataract surgery in low and middle income countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Lindfield

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cataract is the leading cause of blindness globally and surgery is the only known measure to deal with it effectively. Providing high quality cataract surgical services is critical if patients with cataract are to have their sight restored. A key focus of surgery is the outcome of the procedure. In cataract surgery this is measured predominantly, using visual acuity. Population- and hospital-based studies have revealed that the visual outcome of cataract surgery in many low and middle income settings is frequently sub-optimal, often failing to reach the recommended standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO. Another way of measuring outcome of cataract surgery is to ask patients for their views on whether surgery has changed the functioning of their eyes and their quality of life. There are different tools available to capture patient views and now, these patient-reported outcomes are becoming more widely used. This paper discusses the visual outcome of cataract surgery and frames the outcome of surgery within the context of the surgical service, suggesting that the process and outcome of care cannot be separated. It also discusses the components of patient-reported outcome tools and describes some available tools in more detail. Finally, it describes a hierarchy of challenges that need to be addressed before a high quality cataract surgical service can be achieved.

  1. Microbiological profile of anterior chamber aspirates following uncomplicated cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prajna N

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior chamber aspirate cultures were done for 66 patients who underwent either an uncomplicated intracapsular cataract extraction, extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior-chamber intraocular lens implantation, or phacoemulsification with posterior-chamber intraocular lens implantation. The aspirate was obtained at the time of wound closure. The aspirates were immediately transferred to the microbiology laboratory where one drop of the aspirate was placed on a glass slide for gram stain, and the remainder was unequally divided and inoculated into blood agar, chocolate agar and thioglycolate broth. The cultures were incubated at 37° C with 5% CO2 and held for 5 days. Of 66 patients 4 (6%, had smear-positive anterior chamber aspirates. None of the aspirates showed any growth on any of the 3 culture media used. None of the eyes in the study developed endophthalmitis. This study concludes that there is no contamination of the anterior chamber by viable bacteria after cataract surgery, irrespective of the mode of intervention.

  2. Strabismus and Nystagmus Following Cataract Surgeries in Childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ay?e Ye?im Oral

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Pur po se: To evaluate the incidence of strabismus in pediatric cataracts and the effects of strabismus and nystagmus accompanied by cataract on postoperative visual acuity. Ma te ri als and Met hod: Seventy-four eyes of 45 patients under 15 years old who had undergone cataract operation were included in this study. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 1.57±2.25 years (ranged between 3 months and 9 years. Twenty-nine of the patients (64% had bilateral and 16 of the patients (36% had unilateral cataract. Preoperative and postoperative visual acuities, as well as the presence of nystagmus and strabismus were recorded. Re sults: Seventeen of the patients (38% had strabismus: 9 of them (53% had esotropia (ET, and 8 of them had (47% exotropia (XT. Fourteen (19% of the total number of cases had nystagmus. The mean age was 5.8±4.4 years for the total group of patients, 4.6±3.0 years for patients with strabismus and 5.1±3.7 years for patients with nystagmus. Visual acuity measurements were not possible in 26 uncooperative patients. The visual acuity was 0.3 logMAR and over in 15 (31% and 1.0 logMAR and under in 12 (25% of the remaining of 48 eyes. Of a total of 28 eyes with strabismus, we were unable to measure visual acuity in 10 patients, and the visual acuities were 0.3 logMAR and over in 7 (39% and 1.0 logMAR and under in 5 (28% of the rest of the 18 patients. The mean visual acuity was significantly lower in the 8 of 14 patients with nystagmus whose visual acuity could be measured (1.25±0.45 logMAR than in both the patients without strabismus (0.44±0.59 logMAR and the patients with strabismus (0.66±0.56 logMAR (p=0.019 and p=0.015, respectively. Dis cus si on: Although strabismus is seen more often in childhood cataracts compared to general population, the presence of strabismus has no negative effect on visual acuity after cataract surgery, while nystagmus is the main factor limiting the visual outcome. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2012; 42: 111-5

  3. Results of cataract surgery in renal transplantation and hemodialysis patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Li-Hua; Xiong, Shi-Hong; Wang, Yan-Ling

    2015-01-01

    AIM To compare the effect of cataract surgery in renal transplantation and hemodialysis patients. METHODS We evaluated 51 eyes of 31 renal transplantation patients, 41 eyes of 29 hemodialysis patients and 45 eyes of 32 normal control patients who received phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation from January, 2000 to August, 2014 in the Beijing Friendship Hospital. Each individual underwent a blood routine and a kidney function examination. Routine ophthalmologic examination included best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), a slit-lamp examination to detect cataract type, determination of intraocular pressure, a corneal endothelial count, and fundus examination. All patients received phacoemulsification and an IOL implantation. RESULTS For the types of cataract in the three groups, transplantation group was significantly different from normal control group (P=0.04), the most kind is posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC) in transplantation group 33 (64.7%), hemodialysis group had no significantly difference from normal control group (P=0.43), and the difference between transplantation group and hemodialysis group also had significantly difference (P=0.02). For postoperative BCVA in the three groups, transplantation group had significantly difference from normal control group (P=0.03), hemodialysis group was significantly different from normal control group (P=0.00), and the difference between transplantation group and hemodialysis group also had significantly difference (P=0.00). The multiple linear regression equation is Y=0.007 hemoglobin (Hb)-0.000233 serum creatinine (Cr), R2=0.898. Postoperative fundus examination showed that hemorrhage, exudation, and macular degeneration were greater in the hemodialysis group. CONCLUSION This study showed that the PSC was more in the renal transplantation patients. BCVA was better and fundus lesions were less frequent in the renal transplantation group than in the hemodialysis group after cataract surgery. The multiple linear regression was showed that the Hb was positively correlated with postoperative BCVA, while Cr was negatively correlated with postoperative BCVA. These results may act as indicators in predicting visual acuity for the renal transplantation and hemodialysis patients. PMID:26558211

  4. Small eyes big problems: is cataract surgery the best option for the nanophthalmic eyes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanophthalmos refers to an eyeball of short axial length, usually less than 20 mm which leads to angle closure glaucoma due to relatively large lens. Intra-ocular lens extraction relieves the angle closure in nanophthalmos. Cataract surgery in a nanophthalmic eye is technically difficult with high risk of complications such as posterior capsular rupture, uveal effusion, choroidal haemorrhage, vitreous haemorrhage, malignant glaucoma, retinal detachment and aqueous misdirection. Various options are explained in the literature to perform cataract surgery in nanophthalmos, like extracapsular cataract extraction with or without sclerostomy; small-incision cataract extraction by phacoemulsification which not only helps maintain the anterior chamber during surgery but also reduces the incidence of complications due to less fluctuation of intraocular pressure (IOP) during the surgery. Cataract surgery deepens and widens the anterior chamber angle in nanophthalmic eyes and has beneficial effects on IOP in eyes with nanophthalmos but is associated with a high incidence of complications. (author)

  5. Small eyes big problems: is cataract surgery the best option for the nanophthalmic eyes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utman, Saqib Ali Khan

    2013-09-01

    Nanophthalmos refers to an eyeball of short axial length, usually less than 20 mm which leads to angle closure glaucoma due to relatively large lens. Intra-ocular lens extraction relieves the angle closure in nanophthalmos. Cataract surgery in a nanophthalmic eye is technically difficult with high risk of complications such as posterior capsular rupture, uveal effusion, choroidal haemorrhage, vitreous haemorrhage, malignant glaucoma, retinal detachment and aqueous misdirection. Various options are explained in the literature to perform cataract surgery in nanophthalmos, like extracapsular cataract extraction with or without sclerostomy; small-incision cataract extraction by phacoemulsification which not only helps maintain the anterior chamber during surgery but also reduces the incidence of complications due to less fluctuation of intraocular pressure (IOP) during the surgery. Cataract surgery deepens and widens the anterior chamber angle in nanophthalmic eyes and has beneficial effects on IOP in eyes with nanophthalmos but is associated with a high incidence of complications. PMID:24034192

  6. Is ultrasonography essential before surgery in eyes with advanced cataracts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Amjad

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ultrasonography is an important tool for evaluating the posterior segment in eyes with opaque media. Aim: To study the incidence of posterior segment pathology in eyes with advanced cataract and to see whether certain features could be used as predictors for an abnormal posterior segment on ultrasound. Setting: Tertiary care hospital in South India. Methods and Materials: In this prospective study conducted over a 6-month period, all eyes with dense cataracts precluding visualization of fundus underwent assessment with ultrasound. Presence of certain patient and ocular "risk" factors believed to be associated with a higher incidence of abnormal posterior segment on ultrasound were looked for and the odds ratio (OR for posterior segment pathology in these eyes was calculated. Results: Of the 418 eyes assessed, 36 eyes (8.6% had evidence of posterior segment pathology on ultrasound. Retinal detachment (17 eyes; 4.1% was the most frequent abnormality detected. Among patient features, diabetes mellitus (OR= 4.9, P=0.003 and age below 50 years (OR= 15.4, P=0.001 were associated with a high incidence of abnormal ultrasound scans. In ocular features, posterior synechiae (OR= 20.2, P=0.000, iris coloboma (OR= 34.6, P=0.000, inaccurate projection of rays (OR= 15.1, P=0.002, elevated intraocular pressure (OR= 15.1, P=0.004, and keratic precipitates (OR= 22.4, P=0.004 were associated with high incidence of posterior segment pathology. Only four eyes (1.5% without these features had abnormal posterior segment on ultrasonography. Conclusions: Certain patient and ocular features are indicative of a high risk for posterior segment pathology and such patients should be evaluated by ultrasonography prior to cataract surgery. In the absence of these risk factors, the likelihood of detecting abnormalities on preoperative ultrasonography in eyes with advanced cataracts is miniscule.

  7. Predicting the necessity of LASIK enhancement after cataract surgery in patients with multifocal IOL implantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunvant P

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Pinakin Gunvant1,2, Anna Ablamowicz2, Subba Gollamudi31Western University of Health Sciences, College of Optometry, Pomona, CA, 2Southern College of Optometry, Memphis, TN, 3Eye Specialty Group, Memphis, TN, USAPurpose: To investigate if the parameters measured routinely prior to cataract surgery with multifocal intraocular lens (IOL implantation can predict the necessity of additional laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK to improve visual outcome.Methods: Records of patients undergoing cataract surgery between January 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. Individuals satisfied with visual outcome of cataract surgery and not satisfied were grouped (group 1 and 2, respectively. Preoperative data of refractive error, axial length, corneal astigmatism, intraocular pressure, and postoperative uncorrected visual acuity were recorded. Data was available for 62 patients (104 eyes, of which LASIK enhancement was deemed necessary in 21 eyes (20%; group 2. The receiver operator characteristic curves were used to discriminate between the groups and linear regression analysis was performed to predict the postoperative visual outcome.Results: The astigmatism measured preoperatively using manifest refraction had an accuracy of 64% in discriminating between the groups. Age, spherical component of refraction, axial length, corneal astigmatism, and intraocular pressure were very close to chance prediction 59%, 57%, 56%, 51%, and 51%, respectively. The postoperative uncorrected visual acuity had an accuracy of 79% in discriminating the groups. Individuals with uncorrected visual acuity worse than 20/40 after cataract surgery were most likely to undergo LASIK enhancement; however, approximately 20% of group 2 underwent LASIK enhancement despite having visual acuity of 20/30 or better. When combined, preoperative visual acuity accounted for just 7% of variance in postoperative uncorrected visual acuity.Conclusion: Requirement of LASIK enhancement after cataract surgery with multifocal IOL implant is complex in nature, and parameters routinely measured before surgery cannot successfully identify the group requiring LASIK enhancement or predict postoperative uncorrected visual acuity.Keywords: refractive error, axial length, corneal astigmatism, intraocular pressure, uncorrected visual acuity, visual outcome, multivariate analysis, LASIK enhancement

  8. Facts and Myths about Cataracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your physician. MYTH: The best time to have cataract surgery done is when it is first diagnosed. FACT: ... cataract. Cataracts cannot be treated with medicines. MYTH: Cataract surgery is dangerous FACT: Cataract surgery is a delicate ...

  9. Using corneal topography design personalized cataract surgery programs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin-Ou Huang

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To investigate how to design personalized cataract surgery programs to achieve surgical correction of preoperative corneal astigmatism with surgical astigmatism under the guidance of corneal topography, improve postoperative visual quality and reduce the cost of treatment. METHODS: Totally 202 cases(226 eyescataract patients were divided into randomized treatment group and individualized treatment group. According to the method and location of the incision, randomized treatment group were divided into 8 groups. Surgical astigmatism after different incision were calculated with the use of preoperative and postoperative corneal astigmatism through vector analysis method. Individualized treatment groups were designed personably for surgical method with reference of every surgically induced astigmatism, the surgical method chooses the type of surgical incision based on close link between preoperative corneal astigmatism and surgically induced astigmatism, and the incision was located in the steep meridian. The postoperative corneal astigmatism of individualized treatment group was observed. RESULTS: Postoperative corneal astigmatism of individualized treatment group were lower than that of 3.0mm clear corneal tunnel incision in the randomized treatment group, there were statistically significance difference, while with 3.0mm sclera tunnel incision group there were no statistically significance difference. After 55.8% of patients with the use of individualized surgical plan could undergo the operation of extracapsular cataract extraction with relatively low cost and rigid intraocular lens implantation, the per capita cost of treatment could be reduced. CONCLUSION: Personalized cataract surgery programs are designed to achieve surgical correction of preoperative corneal astigmatism under the use of corneal topography, improve postoperative visual quality and reduce the cost of treatment.

  10. Incision influence of small incision cataract surgery on corneal topography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang Liu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To explore the incision influence of small incision cataract surgery on corneal topography of patients, so as to provide a reference for the optimization of operation method. METHODS: Seventy-one patients(94 eyeswere divided into two groups, which were given straight(group Aand eyebrow arched incision(group B. Patients in both groups A and B were divided into three subgroups respectively, which were given incision with different length from corneal limbus(1.5mm, 2.0mm and 2.5mm. The visual acuity level and corneal topography indexes(ACP, CYL, SAI and SRIwere compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: There was influence on visual acuity level and corneal topography of incision morphology and length from corneal limbus(PPP>0.05. One week after surgery, the visual acuity level of all patients was higher than that before surgery, and 3mo after surgery, it was higher than that of 1wk after surgery too(PPP>0.05. Before surgery, there was no significant difference in visual acuity level and corneal topography between groups(P>0.05. One week after surgery, the visual acuity level of subgroup 2.0mm and 2.5mm in group B was higher than the others(PP>0.05. the ACP, CYL, SAI, SRI level of subgroups 2.0mm and 2.5mm in group B were lower than the others, and those of subgroup 2.5mm in group B were higher than those of subgroup 2.0mm of group B(PP>0.05, but the ACP and CYL level of subgroup 2.0mm and 2.5mm of group B were higher than those of the others(PP>0.05. CONCLUSION: Using eyebrow arched incision and appropriate distance to corneal limbus in the small incision cataract surgery can reduce the impact on corneal topography and benefit for control of postoperative astigmatism.

  11. Long-term results, prognostic factors and cataract surgery after diabetic vitrectomy : a 10-year follow-up study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostri, Christoffer; Lux, Anja

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To report long-term results, prognostic factors and cataract surgery after diabetic vitrectomy. METHODS: Retrospective review of patient files from a large diabetes centre between 1996 and 2010. Surgical history was obtained from the Danish National Patient Register. Follow-up intervals were 3 months and 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after surgery. RESULTS: In total, 167 patients had diabetic vitrectomy indicated for non-clearing vitreous haemorrhage (47%) and tractional retinal detachment (53%). The proportion of patients with visual acuity ?0.3 increased from 29% before surgery to 60% after 3 months (p 4 and p-values ? 0.03, logistic regression). Of the 134 patients who were phakic after surgery, 43% and 29% were phakic after 5 and 10 years, respectively. Use of silicone oil increased the risk of cataract surgery (p = 0.009, log-rank test). CONCLUSIONS: Most diabetic vitrectomy patients stand to gain visual acuity ?0.3 after surgery and a stable long-term visual acuity after 1 year. The only consistent long-term predictor of low vision after surgery is use of silicone oil for endotamponade. About 2/3 of phakic patients will subsequently have cataract surgery the first 10 years after diabetic vitrectomy.

  12. Conjunctival sac bacterial flora isolated prior to cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suto C

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Chikako Suto1,2, Masahiro Morinaga1,2, Tomoko Yagi1,2, Chieko Tsuji3, Hiroshi Toshida41Department of Ophthalmology, Saiseikai Kurihashi Hospital, Saitama; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo; 3Department of Clinical Laboratory, Saiseikai Kurihashi Hospital, Saitama; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital, Izunokuni, Shizuoka, JapanObjective: To determine the trends of conjunctival sac bacterial flora isolated from patients prior to cataract surgery.Subjects and methods: The study comprised 579 patients (579 eyes who underwent cataract surgery. Specimens were collected by lightly rubbing the inferior palpebral conjunctival sac with a sterile cotton swab 2 weeks before surgery, and then cultured for isolation of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity testing. The bacterial isolates and percentage of drug-resistant isolates were compared among age groups and according to whether or not patients had diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, dialysis therapy, oral steroid use, dry eye syndrome, or allergic conjunctivitis.Results: The bacterial isolation rate was 39.2%. There were 191 strains of Gram-positive cocci, accounting for the majority of all isolates (67.0%, among which methicillin-sensitive coagulase-negative staphylococci was the most frequent (127 strains, 44.5%, followed by methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (37 strains, 12.7%. All 76 Gram-positive bacillary isolates (26.7% were from the genus Corynebacterium. Among the 16 Gram-negative bacillary isolates (5.9%, the most frequent was Escherichia coli (1.0%. The bacterial isolation rate was higher in patients >60 years old, and was lower in patients with dry eye syndrome, patients under topical treatment for other ocular disorders, and patients with hyperlipidemia. There was no significant difference in bacterial isolation rate with respect to the presence/absence of diabetes mellitus, steroid therapy, dialysis, or a history of allergic conjunctivitis. Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci showed a significantly higher detection rate in diabetic patients than nondiabetic patients (20.3% versus 7.0%, P < 0.05. The percentage of all isolates resistant to levofloxacin, cefmenoxime, and tobramycin was 14.0%, 15.2%, and 17.9%, respectively, with no significant differences among these drugs.Conclusion: The high bacterial isolation rate in patients >60 years old and the high methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci isolation rate in patients with diabetes are important to consider for prevention of perioperative infections.Keywords: endophthalmitis, cataract surgery, conjunctival sac, bacterial flora, diabetes mellitus

  13. Cataracts in Diabetic Patients: A Review Article

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad-Ali Javadi

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available

    The number of people with diabetes mellitus is increasing and cataracts are one of the most common causes of visual impairment in these subjects. Advances in cataract surgical techniques and instrumentation have generally improved the outcomes; however, surgery may not be safe and effective in certain individuals with pre-existing retinal pathology or limited visual potential. This review article aims to address different aspects surrounding cataracts in diabetic patients. In a computerized MEDLINE search, relevant studies were selected by two authors using the keywords "diabetes mellitus", "cataract", "diabetic retinopathy" and "diabetic maculopathy".

  1. Accuracy of intraocular lens power calculation in paediatric cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tromans, C; Haigh, P; Biswas, S; Lloyd, I

    2001-01-01

    AIMS—To determine the accuracy of intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation in a group of pseudophakic children.?METHODS—A retrospective analysis of biometric and refractive data was performed on 52 eyes of 40 infants and children, who successfully underwent cataract extraction and IOL implantation. The following parameters were included: age at the time of surgery, keratometry, axial length, estimated refraction, and the power of IOL implanted. The postoperative refractive outcome was taken as the spherical equivalent of the refraction at 3 months after surgery. The prediction error was taken as the absolute difference between the estimated and actual postoperative refraction. The data were analysed to assess the effects of age at the time of surgery, keratometry, and axial length on the accuracy of calculation of IOL power.?RESULTS—For the overall group the mean and median prediction errors were 1.40 D and 0.84 D (SD 1.60). The mean and median prediction errors in eyes with axial lengths ?20 mm were 1.07 D and 0.71 D (SD 0.98) and in eyes children aged ?36 months were 1.06 D and 0.68 D (SD 1.02) and in children aged IOL power calculation is satisfactory. In eyes with axial lengths less than 20 mm and in children less than 36 months of age larger errors can arise. This study demonstrates the need for an IOL formula specifically designed for paediatric use.?? PMID:11466250

  2. Correction of low corneal astigmatism in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pia Leon

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate and compare aspheric toric intraocular lens (IOL implantation and aspheric monofocal IOL implantation with limbal relaxing incisions (LRI to manage low corneal astigmatism (1.0-2.0 D in cataract surgery.METHODS:A prospective randomized comparative clinical study was performed. There were randomly recruited 102 eyes (102 patients with cataracts associated with corneal astigmatism and divided into two groups. The first group received toric IOL implantation and the second one monofocal IOL implantation with peripheral corneal relaxing incisions. Outcomes considered were:visual acuity, postoperative residual astigmatism, endothelial cell count, the need for spectacles, and patient satisfaction. To determine the postoperative toric axis, all patients who underwent the toric IOL implantation were further evaluated using an OPD Scan III (Nidek Co, Japan. Follow-up lasted 6mo.RESULTS: The mean uncorrected distance visual acuity (UCVA and the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA demonstrated statistically significant improvement after surgery in both groups. At the end of the follow-up the UCVA was statistically better in the patients with toric IOL implants compared to those patients who underwent implantation of monofocal IOL plus LRI. The mean residual refractive astigmatism was of 0.4 D for the toric IOL group and 1.1 D for the LRI group (P<0.01. No difference was observed in the postoperative endothelial cell count between the two groups.CONCLUSION: The two surgical procedures demonstrated a significant decrease in refractive astigmatism. Toric IOL implantation was more effective and predictable compared to the limbal relaxing incision.

  3. The deficit in cataract surgery in England and Wales and the escalating problem of visual impairment: epidemiological modelling of the population dynamics of cataract

    OpenAIRE

    Minassian, D.; REIDY, A.; Desai, P.; Farrow, S.; Vafidis, G.; MINASSIAN, A

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND—The pool of old cases of cataract, the expected new cases, and the shortfall in cataract surgery and consequently the numbers dying with poor vision without the benefit of cataract surgery are regarded as escalating problems worldwide. Successive governments and the professional ophthalmic bodies have not had the wherewithal to estimate the magnitude or interaction of these elements in the population of the UK. This study has collected and applied the best available epidemiological...

  4. Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) with posterior chamber intraocular lens versus phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens for age-related cataract.

    OpenAIRE

    Riaz, Y; Silva, SR; Evans, JR

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is a major cause of blindness and visual morbidity worldwide. It is therefore important to establish the optimal technique of lens removal in cataract surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) and phacoemulsification techniques. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (The Cochrane Library 2013, Issue 6), Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Inde...

  5. Phacoemulsification versus small incision cataract surgery in patients with uveitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul Bhargava

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To compare the safety and efficacy of phacoemulsification and small incision cataract surgery (SICS in patients with uveitic cataract.METHODS:In aprospective, randomized multi-centric study, consecutive patients with uveitic cataract were randomized to receive phacoemulsification or manual SICS by either of two surgeons well versed with both the techniques. A minimum inflammation free period of 3mo (defined as less than 5 cells per high power field in anterior chamber was a pre-requisite for eligibility for surgery. Superior scleral tunnel incisions were used for both techniques. Improvement in visual acuity post-operatively was the primary outcome measure and the rate of post-operative complications and surgical time were secondary outcome measures, respectively. Means of groups were compared using t-tests. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used when there were more than two groups. Chi-square tests were used for proportions. Kaplan Meyer survival analysis was done and means for survival time was estimated at 95% confidence interval (CI. A P value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.RESULTS:One hundred and twenty-six of 139 patients (90.6% completed the 6-month follow-up. Seven patients were lost in follow up and another six excluded due to either follow-up less than six months (n=1 or inability implant an intraocular lens (IOL because of insufficient capsular support following posterior capsule rupture (n=5. There was significant improvement in vision after both the procedures (paired t-test; P<0.001. On first postoperative day, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA was 20/63 or better in 31 (47% patients in Phaco group and 26 (43.3% patients in SICS group (P=0.384. The mean surgically induced astigmatism (SIA was 0.86±0.34 dioptres (D in the phacoemulsification group and 1.16±0.28 D in SICS group. The difference between the groups was significant (t-test, P=0.002. At 6mo, corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA was 20/60 or better in 60 (90.9% patients in Phaco group and 53 (88.3% in the manual SICS group (P=0.478. The mean surgical time was significantly shorter in the manual SICS group (10.8±2.9 versus 13.2±2.6min (P<0.001. Oral prednisolone, 1 mg/kg body weight was given 7d prior to surgery, continued post-operatively and tapered according to the inflammatory response over 4-6wk in patients with previously documented macular edema, recurrent uveitis, chronic anterior uveitis and intermediate uveitis. Rate of complications like macular edema (Chi-square, P=0.459, persistent uveitis (Chi-square, P=0.289 and posterior capsule opacification (Chi-square, P=0.474 were comparable between both the groups.CONCLUSION:ManualSICS and phacoemulsification do not differ significantly in complication rates and final CDVA outcomes. However, manual SICS is significantly faster. It may be the preferred technique in settings where surgical volume is high and access to phacoemulsification is limited, such as in eye camps. It may also be the appropriate technique for uveitic cataract under such circumstances.

  6. Virtual reality phacoemulsification: a comparison between skilled surgeons and students naive to cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soderberg, Per; Laurell, Carl-Gustaf; Simawi, Wamidh; Nordqvist, Per; Skarman, Eva; Nordh, Leif

    2005-04-01

    We have developed a simulator for virtual phacoemulsification surgery. In the current study, the performance of one experienced cataract surgeon was compared to the performance of four subjects naive to cataract surgery. They all operated on the same virtual patient and a number of different response variables were measured. It was found that the experienced subject performed better than the naive subjects on almost all response variables. This indicates that the simulator developed by us is authentic for phaco emulsification surgery. The lack of negative effects in case of complications during virtual phacoemulsification surgery makes the phaco simulator that we developed a very attractive tool for learning phacoemulsification surgery.

  7. Modelling lifetime cost consequences of ReSTOR® in cataract surgery in four European countries

    OpenAIRE

    Berdeaux Gilles; Lafuma Antoine

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background To compare the lifetime costs of liberating patients from spectacles after cataract surgery by implanting the multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) 'ReSTOR®' versus monofocal IOLs in France, Italy, Germany and Spain. Methods A Markov model was created to follow patient cohorts from cataract surgery until death. Prevalence rates of patients not needing spectacles after cataract surgery were obtained from clinical trials. Resource utilisation included implant surgery, IOLs, spec...

  8. Cirurgia de catarata realizada por residentes: avaliação dos riscos / Cataract surgery performed by residents: risk analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jackson, Barreto Junior; Helio, Primiano Junior; Rodrigo França de, Espíndola; Renato Antunes Schiave, Germano; Newton, Kara-Junior.

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a frequência de complicações nas cirurgias de catarata realizada por residentes de um hospital universitário (segundo e terceiro anos), comparado com as realizadas por cirurgiões experientes (assistentes). MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de todos pacientes submetidos [...] à cirurgia de catarata realizadas nas primeiras quinzenas de março (época do início do aprendizado da técnica cirúrgica) e de novembro (meados do aprendizado da técnica). Foram analisados a época da realização da cirurgia; graduação do cirurgião (residente ou médico assistente); técnica cirúrgica empregada (extração extracapsular ou facoemulsificação) e a ocorrência de complicações per-operatórias e pós-operatórias. RESULTADOS: Foram analisadas 481 cirurgias, destas, 194 (40%) foram realizadas pelos residentes do terceiro ano, 165 (34%) pelos residentes do segundo ano e 116 (26%) pelos assistentes. A complicação mais frequentemente encontrada em todas as cirurgias foi a rotura de cápsula posterior (4,8%). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa de complicações entre as cirurgias realizadas em março e novembro (p=0,97), bem como entre os residentes sob supervisão e os assistentes (p=0,08). CONCLUSÃO: A rotura de cápsula posterior continua sendo a complicação mais frequentemente encontrada nas cirurgias de residentes em treinamento. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as taxas de complicação destes residentes e os assistentes, o que demonstra o importante papel de uma supervisão adequada. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To evaluate the complication's rate of cataract surgery performed by ophthalmology residents (second and third-year) and experienced surgeons at a public teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients who had cataract surgery between March (begin of the technique p [...] ractice) and November (end of the technique practice) was conducted. RESULTS: In 481 cataracts surgeries, 194 (40%) was performed by third-year residents, 165 (34%) by second-year residents and 116 (26%) by experienced surgeons. The most frequent complication in all surgeries was the posterior capsule rupture (4,8%). No statistical diference was found between the residents and experienced surgeons complication's rates (p=0,08). CONCLUSION: The posterior capsule rupture remains the most frequent complication during the cataract surgery learning curve. In this study there was no statistical difference between residents and experienced surgeons, which demonstrates the important role of adequate supervision of the surgeires.

  9. Cirugía de catarata en el paciente diabético / Cataract surgery in the diabetic patient

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Iraisi F, Hormigó Puertas; Kenia, Galindo Reymond; Taimí, Cárdenas Díaz; Pablo, León Cabrera; Katia M, Trujillo Fonseca; Eric, Montero Díaz.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La diabetes mellitus es una de las principales causas de ceguera en el mundo. La retinopatía diabética sola representa al menos el 12 % de los nuevos casos cada año. Los diabéticos tienen un riesgo 25 veces más de volverse ciegos y desarrollar catarata de forma precoz que la población en general. La [...] calidad de la atención en estos pacientes define el resultado visual. Profundizar en los elementos de la cirugía de catarata en el paciente diabético es esencial. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de las publicaciones y guías de prácticas clínicas sobre la cirugía de catarata en el paciente diabético publicadas durante los años 2009-2014. La información obtenida fue revisada y procesada por el equipo de investigadores. Se definieron los elementos de importancia en el paciente diabético en las etapas del proceso de atención para la cirugía de catarata pre, trans y posoperatorio. La evaluación integral en los pacientes diabéticos para la cirugía de catarata tiene particularidades que definen la ganancia visual. Las técnicas de facoemulsificación y la implantación de lentes hidrofílicos en el saco capsular han representado un avance en el tratamiento de los pacientes diabéticos, con menor incidencia de cuadros inflamatorios en el posoperatorio, lo que se atribuye al escaso traumatismo quirúrgico que conlleva la técnica. El tratamiento farmacológico o con láser (fotocoagulación) y la cirugía precoz mejoran el pronóstico visual. Abstract in english Diabetes mellitus is one of the main causes of blindness worldwide. Diabetic retinopathy represents 12 % of the new cases every year. The risk of becoming blind is twenty five times higher in diabetics and they may develop cataract earlier than the general population. The quality of care in these pa [...] tients defines the visual result. Delving into the cataract surgery elements in the case of a diabetic patient is fundamental. A literature review of publications and clinical practice guidelines on cataract surgery in the diabetic patient published from 2009 to 2014. The gathered information was reviewed and processed by the team of researchers. Important elements were defined in the diabetic patient in the different stages of care during the preoperative, perioperative and postoperative periods. The comprehensive assessment of diabetic patients to be performed cataract surgery has particularities defining the visual gain. The phacoemulsification techniques and the implantation of hydrophilic lenses in the capsular sack represent an advance in treating diabetic patients, with lower incidence of inflammatory conditions postoperatively due to the little surgical traumatism involved in this technique. The drug or the laser-assisted (photocoagulation) treatment and the early surgery improve the visual prognosis.

  10. Uncorrected visual acuity in the immediate postoperative period following uncomplicated cataract surgery: bimanual microincision cataract surgery versus standard coaxial phacoemulsification.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Saeed, Ayman

    2012-02-01

    AIM: We compared bimanual microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and standard coaxial phacoemulsification (CAP) in terms of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) recorded 1 h and 2 weeks postoperatively. METHODS: This was a prospective, nonrandomised comparative study. All MICS procedures were performed by one surgeon (MGM), and all CAP procedures were performed by another surgeon (SB). Eyes with visually consequential ocular morbidity were excluded. The primary outcome measure was UCVA recorded 1 h postoperatively. RESULTS: One hundred eyes underwent MICS and CAP (50 eyes in each group). The treatment groups did not differ significantly in terms of preoperative mean best corrected visual acuity (6\\/24 +\\/- 4.3 lines and 6\\/20 +\\/- 4.4 lines in the MICS and the CAP groups, respectively; P = 0.65). Also, there was no significant difference in terms of postoperative UCVA at 1 h or at 2 weeks (mean +\\/- standard deviation UCVA 1 h postoperatively: MICS: 6\\/36 +\\/- 5.7 lines; CAP: 6\\/30 +\\/- 4.7 lines; P = 0.80; UCVA 2 weeks postoperatively: MICS: 6\\/10 +\\/- 1.9 lines; CAP: 6\\/10 +\\/- 2.2 lines; P = 0.90). However, nine eyes (18%) and one eye (2%) achieved a UCVA of C6\\/12 at 1 h following MICS and CAP, respectively, and this difference was statistically significant (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Mean UCVA at 1 h and at 2 weeks following cataract surgery was not significantly different between eyes undergoing MICS and CAP. However, a greater proportion of patients achieved a UCVA of C6\\/12 following MICS when compared with CAP.

  11. Are patient information leaflets contributing to informed consent for cataract surgery?

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, H; Ramchandani, M; Gillow, J; Tsaloumas, M.

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To assess, against a checklist of specific areas of required information and using standard published criteria, to what extent leaflets given before cataract surgery provided patients with enough information to give adequately informed consent.

  12. Cataract and pterygium surgery results in Venezuelan patients treated in the Misión Milagro program

    OpenAIRE

    Idalia Triana; Oaris de los Ángeles Socarrás; Nelsis Rondón

    2012-01-01

    An intervention to address vision loss was carried out in 2008 in Táchira, Venezuela, by health teams of the joint Cuban-Venezuelan initiative known as Misión Milagro. It included active case identification of patients with ophthalmologic conditions and, where warranted, surgery, followup, rehabilitation and medical discharge. From a universe of 345 patients aged >18 years with ophthalmologic conditions found, 210 were selected for cataract or pterygium surgery. Of cataract patients, 55.2% re...

  13. Two episodes of anaphylaxis following exposure to hydroxypropyl methylcellulose during cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Sofie J; Heegaard, Steffen; Mosbech, Holger; Garvey, Lene H

    2013-01-01

    UNLABELLED: We report a case of immediate severe anaphylaxis to hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) on 2 separate occasions during cataract surgery in a 71-year-old patient. Skin prick tests were positive for HPMC, a constituent of Ocucoat and Xylocaine gel, which were administered intraocularly during surgery. Skin prick tests were also positive for methylcellulose. Based on symptoms and clinical signs of anaphylaxis following 2 separate cataract operations together with positive prick tests t...

  14. Topical diclofenac sodium for treatment of postoperative inflammation in cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Reddy Manjoo; N.SUNEETHA; Thomas Reji; Battu R

    2000-01-01

    Purpose: To study the effect of a topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug as an alternative to topical steroids for postoperative control of inflammation in cataract surgery. Methods: The effect of diclofenac sodium 0.1% following cataract surgery was studied and compared to routine corticosteroid, dexamethasone phosphate 1% in a prospective, double-blind randomized study. Both groups were similar in baseline parameters. Postoperative inflammatory response, intraocular pres...

  15. Anaesthetic Management of Cataract Surgery in a Patient with Sturge-Weber Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasantha Kumar

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS, also called as encephalo trigeminal angiomatosis, is a rare congenital syndrome, characterized by lepto meningeal haemangioma, a facial port-wine stains distributed over the trigeminal nerve area, (usually involving one side and glaucoma. During cataract surgery, there may be rupture of choroid haemangioma, leading to excessive bleeding, or of haemangioma involving the airway, leading to difficult mask ventilation, laryngoscopy and intubation. We discuss the anaesthetic management of the patient with SWS for cataract surgery.

  16. Safety of prophylactic intracameral moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution after cataract surgery in patients with penetrating keratoplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Osman Sevki Arslan; Ceyhun Arici; Mustafa Unal; Erdogan Cicik; Mehmet Serhat Mangan; Eray Atalay

    2014-01-01

    AIM:To determine the safety of prophylactic intracameral moxifloxacin after cataract surgery in patients with penetrating keratoplasty (PKP).METHODS:In this retrospective study of consecutive patients who had phacoemulsification cataract surgery after PKP, were treated with intracameral moxifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution (0.5 mg/0.1 mL). The main outcome measures were anterior chamber reaction, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), corneal endothelial cell count (ECC), and central corneal t...

  17. Capsulotomy and hydroprocedures for nucleus prolapse in manual small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatesh Rengaraj

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS involves the manual removal of nucleus through a scleral tunnel. To achieve 100% success every time, one has to do a good capsulotomy and should master the technique to prolapse the nucleus into anterior chamber. During conversion from extracapsular cataract surgery to MSICS, one can perform a can-opener capsulotomy and prolapse the nucleus. However, it is safer and better to perform a capsulorrhexis and hydroprolapse the nucleus, as it makes the rest of the steps of MSICS comfortable. Use of trypan blue in white and brown cataracts makes the capsulorrhexis and prolapse simple and safe. Extra caution should be taken in cases with hypermature cataracts with weak zonules and subluxated cataracts.

  18. Cataract surgery following cobalt-60 plaque radiotherapy for posterior uveal malignant melanoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reviewed the records of thirteen patients with posterior uveal malignant melanoma who had developed a mature radiation cataract following cobalt-60 plaque radiotherapy. Cataract extraction had been performed in seven of these patients as of the survey date of this investigation. The authors attempted to determine if cataract extraction increased the risk of metastatic melanoma, improved or worsened visual function, or resulted in any consistent intraoperative or postoperative complications that did not occur if the cataract was retained. This analysis showed that removing the cataract did not appear to increase the risk of death from metastatic melanoma, but it also indicated that cataract extraction did not seem to improve the visual function of the irradiated eye. On the basis of this experience to date, the authors offer suggested guidelines for the management of patients who develop a mature cataract following cobalt-60 plaque radiotherapy of a posterior uveal malignant melanoma

  19. Endothelial cell loss and refractive predictability in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery compared with conventional cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Therese; Holm, Lars Morten

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: To investigate the amount of endothelial cell loss (ECL) and refractive predictability by femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) compared to conventional phacoemulsification cataract surgery (CPS). METHODS: Forty-seven patients had one eye operated by FLACS and the contralateral eye operated by CPS (stop and chop technique). Both eyes had intraocular aspheric lenses implanted. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), central corneal endothelial cell count and hexagonality with a non-contact specular microscope were assessed preoperatively, 1-3 days postoperatively and 3 months postoperatively. RESULTS: Three days postoperatively, mean ECL was 249 cells/mm(2) (SD ± 744) (9.1%) by FLACS and 235 cells/mm(2) (SD ± 681) (8.2%) by CPS (p = 0.87). Three months postoperatively, mean ECL was 274 cells/mm(2) (SD ± 358) (11.4%) by FLACS compared with 333 cells/mm(2) (SD ± 422) (13.9%) by CPS, (p = 0.30) 3 months postoperatively, hexagonality was decreased by 1.8% (SD ± 30) by FLACS and by 1.4% (SD ± 13) by CPS, (p = 0.84). The mean absolute difference from the attempted refraction was 0.37 dioptres (D) (SD ± 0.33) by FLACS and 0.41 D (SD ± 0.42) by CPS (p = 0.56). Mean CDVA was 0.89 (0.3; 1.25) by FLACS and 0.93 (0.4; 1.25) by CPS at 3 months postoperatively (p = 0.36). Within both groups, 70% gained a CDVA of 6/6. Mean surgery time was 9.3 min (SD ± 1.9) by FLACS and 8.0 min (SD ± 1.9) by CPS, (p = 0.0018). Mean phaco energy was 3.78 U/S (SD ± 5.1) and 5.45 U/S (SD ± 4.6) (p < 0.0001) by FLACS and CPS, respectively. CONCLUSION: We found no significant difference in ECL and refractive predictability between FLACS and CPS 3 months postoperatively.

  20. MANUAL SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY UNDER TOPICAL ANESTHESIA ALONE, IN PATIENTS WITH CARDIAC DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the outcome of manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS under topical anesthesia alone in patients at risk for local invasive anesthesia due to cardiac disease. MATERIALS AND METHOD S: A retrospective analysi s of all patients with underlying cardiac disease and operated for cataract under topical proparacaine, was done. Data was analyzed for demographic variants, operative experience, intra - and postoperative complications, need of conversion to peribulbar blo ck, visual outcome and effect of surgery on cardiac disease. RESULTS: A total of 78 eyes of 60 patients with existing cardiac disease underwent manual small incision cataract surgery under topical anesthesia were analyzed. All patients underwent surgery wi thout any major surgery related complications. No patient had complications related to IHD both intra - and early postoperative period. CONCLUSION: MSICS under topical anesthesia with proparacaine is safe and effective for high risk patients with coexisting cardiac disease without any compromise in visual outcome

  1. Ethical issues with cataract surgery in patients with macular degeneration. A graduating resident’s view poin

    OpenAIRE

    Rajiv D. Sha; ?tefan ??l

    2011-01-01

    Modern cataract surgery is considered to be a successful procedure, with a low complication rate. During cataract surgery, a patient's cloudy natural lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens implant to restore the lens's transparency. The goal of cataract surgery is to achieve improvement in visual acuity necessary to help the patient with activities of daily living and improve the quality of their life. Macular degeneration is a multifactorial syndrome with different ...

  2. The Success of Cataract Surgery and the Preoperative Measurement of Retinal Function by Electrophysiological Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Jing; Zhang, Lei; Wang, Yusheng; Zhang, Zuoming

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To study the effect of different electrophysiological methods to evaluate retinal function prior to cataract surgery. Methods. Cataract patients who had no significant other eye disease were chosen. VA, pattern visual evoked potential (PVEP), electroretinogram (ERG), and multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) responses were measured from 150 cataract patients and 20 control subjects. Results. When the preoperative VA was more than 0.3 in cataract patients, the amplitude of PVEP was not significantly different between cataract and control subjects. The amplitude of central point mfERG was significantly lower in cataract patients compared with control group from HM to 0.8 of preoperative VA. The 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the amplitudes of center point mfERG were calculated for a range of preoperative VA values. Most of the patients within 95% CI of the center point mfERG had a postoperative VA more than 0.5. Conclusions. The amplitude of central point mfERG in cataract patients was the most relevant parameter to the preoperative VA compared with PVEP and ERG. The 95% CI of the amplitude of central point mfERG for each level of VA could help to evaluate preoperative macular function which is used to predict the outcome of cataract surgery. PMID:26576292

  3. Nuevas tecnologías en cirugía de catarata por facoemulsificación / New technologies in phacoemulsification cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Darlen, Rodriguez Rivero; Yoanner, Martín Perera; Eneida de la Caridad, Pérez Candelaria; Zucell Ana, Veitía Rovirosa; Ana María, Méndez Duque de Estrada; Malvys, Vidal Castillo.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente la cirugía de catarata es considerada una de las más frecuentes de toda la medicina. Es un procedimiento seguro que se efectúa anualmente a millones de pacientes a lo largo y ancho del mundo. Por otro lado, en los últimos años además de lograr la recuperación de la transparencia, ha adqu [...] irido el compromiso de brindar mayor satisfacción a los pacientes y se ha convertido en un procedimiento refractivo. En la cirugía moderna del cristalino, todos los cirujanos coinciden en que la técnica más adecuada para la extracción de la catarata es la facoemulsificación. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de describir su surgimiento y evolución, técnicas quirúrgicas, así como las nuevas innovaciones en dicho proceder. Abstract in english The cataract surgery is currently considered one of the most frequent procedures in medicine. It is a safe procedure that is performed on millions of patients throughout the world. On the other hand, in the last few years, it has managed to recover the crystalline transparency in addition to providi [...] ng greater satisfaction to the patients by becoming a refractive method. In the modern surgery of the crystalline, all the surgeons agree that the most suitable technology for the cataract extraction is phacoemulsificación. A literature review was made to describe emergence and evolution, surgical technologies, as well as new innovations in this surgical procedure.

  4. Síndrome pseudoexfoliativo y cirugía de catarata / Pseudoexfoliative syndrome and the cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Henry, Pérez González; Yanet, García Concha; Beatriz, Zozaya Aldana.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de exponer los principales aspectos relacionados con la cirugía de catarata en los pacientes con pseudoexfoliación. Se efectuó una búsqueda de los principales artículos científicos de los últimos 10 años y fueron seleccionados los contenidos más [...] relevantes para la confección del informe final. El síndrome de pseudoexfoliación es una patología sistémica asociada a un alto riesgo de complicaciones durante la cirugía de catarata debido principalmente a la debilidad del soporte zonular y la dilatación insuficiente de la pupila. Mediante un cuidadoso examen preoperatorio y una adecuada técnica quirúrgica correctamente valorada por el cirujano, el índice de complicaciones durante el proceder y en el posoperatorio puede reducirse significativamente. Abstract in english A literature review was made to present the main aspects of the cataract surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliative syndrome. The main scientific articles of the past ten years related to the topic were searched, and the most relevant contents were selected for the preparation of the final report. I [...] t was found that the pseudoexfoliation syndrome is a systemic pathology associated with high risk of complications during the cataract surgery mainly due to the weakness of the zonular support and the pupilar insufficient dilation. By means of a careful preoperative exam and an appropriate surgical technique, adequately assessed by the surgeon, the rate of complications during and after the surgical procedure may be significantly reduced.

  5. Cataract surgery at Aravind Eye Hospitals: 1988–2008

    OpenAIRE

    Natchiar, G; RD Thulasiraj; R Meenakshi Sundaram

    2008-01-01

    In the 1980s, cataract was the major cause of blindness in India and was responsible for 80% of all blindness. This prompted the Indian government to launch a national cataract control programme, which succeeded in lowering the prevalence of blindness from 1.49% to 1.1%. In addition, by 2000, this programme had reduced the proportion of people blind due to cataract from 80% to 62%.Aravind Eye Hospitals contributed to a third of all cataract operations in the state of Tamil Nadu during the las...

  6. A Cross-Sectional Retrospective Analysis of the Racial and Geographic Variations in Cataract Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahbazi, Sara; Studnicki, James; Warner-Hillard, Charles Wayne

    2015-01-01

    Background Cataract surgery is the most common surgery performed on beneficiaries of Medicare, accounting for more than $3.4 billion in annual expenditures. The purpose of this study is to examine racial and geographic variations in cataract surgery rates and determine the association between the racial composition of the community population and the racial disparity in the likelihood of receiving necessary cataract surgery. Methods Using the national prevalence rates from the National Institute of Eye Health and the 2010 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project—Florida State Ambulatory Surgery Database, we determined the estimated cases of cataract and the actual number of cataract procedures performed, on four race/gender determined groups aged 65 and over in the state of Florida in 2010. The utilization rates and disparity ratios were also calculated for each Florida county. The counties were segmented into groups based on their racial composition. The association between racial composition and disparity ratios in receiving necessary cataract surgery was examined. The Geographic Information System was used to display county-level geospatial relationships. Results African-Americans have a lower gender-specific cataract prevalence (African-American male = 0.246, African-American female = 0.392, white male = 0.368, and white female = 0.457), but they are also less likely than whites to receive necessary cataract surgery (utilization rate: African-American male = 7.92%, African-American female = 6.17%, white male = 12.08%, and white female = 10.54%). The statistical results show no overall differences between the disparity ratios and the racial composition of the communities. However, our geospatial analyses revealed a concentration of high racial disparity/high white population counties largely along the West Coast and South Central portion of the state. Conclusions There are racial differences in the likelihood of receiving necessary cataract surgery. However, there is no significant statewide association between the racial composition of the community population and the racial disparity in the likelihood of receiving necessary cataract surgery. Geospatial techniques did, however, identify subpopulations of interest which were not otherwise identifiable with typical statistical approaches, nor consistent with their conclusions. PMID:26540168

  7. Endophthalmitis: controlling infection before and after cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuwan Niyadurupola

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Endophthalmitis is a rare, but serious, postoperative complication of cataract surgery. It can have a devastating consequence on a patient’s vision: some patients may lose all light perception.The incidence of endophthalmitis has been reported to be between 0.13% and 0.7%.1 The primary source of this intraocular infection is considered to be bacteria from the patient’s ocular surface (cornea, conjunctiva or adnexa (lacrimal glands, eyelids, and extraocular muscles. The bacteria most frequently isolated are gram-positive coagulase-negative cocci (mainly Staphylococcus epidermidis which account for 70% of culture-positive cases. Staphylococcus aureus is isolated in 10% of culture-positive cases, Streptococcus species in 9%, Enterococcus species in 2%, and other gram-positive species in 3% of cases. Gram-negative bacteria account for just 6% of culture-positive cases; however, an infection with these bacteria, particularly with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, can lead to a devastating visual outcome.

  8. Photodynamic treatment of lens epithelial cells for cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lingua, Robert W.; Parel, Jean-Marie A.; Simon, Gabriel; Li, Kam

    1991-06-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) eiiploying Dihematopor*iyrin ethers (DHE) (Photofrin II) at pharmacologic lvels, has been denonstrate3 to kill rabbit lens epithelial cells, in vivo. This in vitro study, reports on the minimal necessary parameters for rabbit lens epithelial cell death. Explants of rabbit lenses were incubated in various concentrations of DHE (1O,, 100, 500, 1000 ug/ml) for 1, 2, or 5 minutes. 30 to 120 Joules/an of collimated 514.5 nm Argon laser light re delivered to the locier concentrations of 10, 50, and 100 ug,'ml DHE treated cells. One hundre1 fifteen explants were treated, in all. Higher concentrations of DHE alone (500 and 1000 ug/ml) were sufficient to induce cellular swelling. Lower concentrations required light for cellular effect. Trypan blue staining revealed cell death at these minimal pa9ieters: DHE 50 ug/ml, incubation 1 minute, 514.5 r Argon light 1.0 Watt/an for 30 sec (30 Joules) . In future studies, these rameters will be tested in vivo, for their ability to eliminate lens epithelial proliferation after cataract surgery.

  9. Changes of vision-related quality of life in retinal detachment patients after cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Mingming; Huang, Jiannan; Zhu, Bijun; Sun, Qian; Xu, Xian; Miao, Yuyu; Zou, Haidong

    2015-01-01

    Rhegmatenous retinal detachment (RRD) is one of the most serious complications after phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation surgery. It has been reported that vision-related quality of life (VRQoL), as well as visual acuity rapidly decreased when RRD developed. However, little is known of the VRQoL in those RRD patients after anatomical retinal re-attachment, especially whether or not the VRQoL is higher than that before cataract surgery. In this prospective case series study, we use the Chinese-version low vision quality of life questionnaire (CLVQOL) to assess the changes of VRQoL in age-related cataract patients who suffered from RRD after phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (phaco-IOL) implantation. All participants were asked to complete questionnaires in face- to-face interviews one day before and two weeks after cataract surgery, as well as one day before and three months after RRD surgery. A total of 10,127 consecutive age-related cataract patients were followed up to one year after phaco-IOL implantation; among these patients, 17 were diagnosed as RRD. The total CLVQOL scores and subscale scores except "Mobility" decreased significantly when RRD developed. After retinal surgery, only the score of "General vision and lighting" in the CLVQOL questionnaires improved when compared to the scores two weeks after cataract surgery, although the best corrected visual acuity of all patients significantly raised up. However, the mean CLVQOL scores and subscale scores were still considerably higher than the level prior to cataract surgery. Our study suggests that cataract patients at high risk of postoperative RRD should not deny the opportunity to undergo phaco-IOL implantation, even though potential VRQoL impairment induced by RRD exists. PMID:25764367

  10. Changes in intraocular pressure and anterior segment morphometry after uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Dooley, I

    2012-02-01

    PURPOSE: To study changes in anterior segment morphometry after uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery, and to investigate whether there is a relationship between any observed changes and intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction after the procedure. METHODS: The anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV), anterior chamber angle (ACA), central corneal thickness (CCT), and IOP were measured in 101 non-glaucomatous eyes before and after uneventful phacoemulsification cataract surgery. RESULTS: After cataract surgery, the mean ACD, ACV, and ACA values increased by 1.08 mm, 54.4 mm(3), and 13.1 degrees , respectively, and the mean IOP (corrected for CCT) decreased by 3.2 mm Hg. The predictive value of a previously described index (preoperative ACD\\/preoperative IOP (corrected for CCT) or CPD ratio) for IOP (corrected for CCT) reduction after cataract surgery was confirmed, reflected in an r(2) value of 23.3% between these two parameters (P<0.001). Other indices predictive of IOP reduction after cataract surgery were also identified, including preoperative IOP\\/preoperative ACV and preoperative IOP\\/preoperative ACA, reflected in r(2) values of 13.7 and 13.7%, respectively (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms the predictive value of the CPD ratio for IOP reduction after cataract surgery, and may contribute to the decision-making process in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Furthermore, two novel indices of preoperative parameters that are predictive for IOP reduction after cataract surgery were identified, and enhance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying IOP changes after this procedure.

  11. The effect of health insurance reform on the number of cataract surgeries in Chongqing, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Rongdi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness in China, and poverty is a major barrier to having cataract surgery. In 2003, the Chinese government began a series of new national health insurance reforms, including the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS and the Urban Resident Basic Health Insurance scheme (URBMI. These two programs, combined with the previously existing Urban Employee Basic Health Insurance (UEBMI program, aimed to make it easier for individuals to receive medical treatment. This study reports cataract surgery numbers in rural and urban populations and the proportion of these who had health insurance in Chongqing, China from 2003 to 2008. Methods The medical records of a consecutive case series, including 14,700 eyes of 13,262 patients who underwent age-related cataract surgery in eight hospitals in Chongqing from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2008, were analysed retrospectively via multi-stage cluster sampling. Results In the past six years, the total number of cataract surgeries had increased each year as had the number of patients with insurance. Both the number of surgeries and the number of insured patients were much higher in the urban group than in the rural group. The rate of increase in the rural group however was much higher than in the urban group, especially in 2007 and 2008. The odds ratios of having health insurance for urban vs. rural individuals were relatively stable from 2003 to 2006, but it decreased in 2007 and was significantly lower in 2008. Conclusions Health insurance appears to be an important factor associated with increased cataract surgery in Chongqing, China. With the implementation of health insurance, the number of Chongqing's cataract surgeries was increased year by year.

  12. REASONS FOR DELAYED UTILIZATION OF CATARACT SURGERY AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING A TERTIARY REFERRAL CENTRE, MAHARASHTRA .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gadekar

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND : Cataract is a major cause of vision impairment in many low - income settings. Cataract blindness is a disease which has severe economic repercussions and adversely affects the productivity of country. However, despite rapid increase in the availability of quality services, surgical acceptance is still low in some segments of society. AIM : To study the various reasons for delayed utilization of cataract surgery. METHODS : In this cross sectional study 450 patients above 40 years of age who were admitted in ophthalmology ward for cataract surgery were enrolled by systematic random sampling technique. Socio - demographic data was collected by interviews in local language on predesigne d and semi struct ur ed proforma. The various reasons for delayed utilization of cataract surgery were asked to them. Statistical tests applied were chi square test and percentages. RESULTS : Majority of the study subjects were illiterate females above 60 yea rs of age belonging to lower socioeconomic status. Most of the study subjects were Hindus from rural area having unilateral blindness. The various reasons for delayed utilization of cataract surgery were economic problems (76.7%, ignorance by patient (29. 1%, fear of operation (26.4%, ignorance by head of family (22.4% and suspicion about improvement of vision after surgery (21.5%. Some subjects gave reasons as lack of accompanying person, fear of surgery causing death, lack of time, its God will and la ck of transport. CONCLUSION : The predominant reason for delayed utilization of cataract surgery was economic constraints. Other reasons were ignorance by patients and head of family, fear of operation and death, suspicion about improvement of vision, God’s will, lack of accompanying person and lack of transport

  13. Cataract surgery: interim results and complications of a randomised controlled trial. Oxford Cataract Treatment and Evaluation Team (OCTET).

    OpenAIRE

    1986-01-01

    A randomised controlled trial in progress for more than five years, with no loss to follow-up (except death), assessed 333 eyes treated by three methods of cataract surgery. They were (A) intracapsular extraction and contact lens usage, (B) intracapsular extraction and implantation of an iris supported lens (Federov I), and (C) extracapsular extraction and implantation of an iridocapsular lens (Binkhorst 2-loop). The purpose of the paper is to report interim visual results, complications, and...

  14. Chandelier retroillumination-assisted torsional oscillation for cataract surgery in patients with severe corneal opacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oshima, Yusuke; Shima, Chiharu; Maeda, Naoyuki; Tano, Yasuo

    2007-12-01

    We describe a technique that uses 25-gauge transconjunctival chandelier endoillumination in combination with a torsional oscillation system for cataract surgery in cases with severe bullous keratopathy. Because of the hands-free and self-retaining nature of the chandelier fiber, continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis and subsequent bimanual intraocular manipulation can be performed easily. Torsional oscillation efficiently emulsifies lens particles along with the fluidics, preventing posterior capsule rupture and endothelial cell damage. After the chandelier fiber is removed at the end of surgery, the 25-gauge incision self-seals. This technique is safe and provides excellent visualization during cataract surgery in patients with severe corneal opacities. PMID:18053897

  15. Mild toxic anterior segment syndrome mimicking delayed onset toxic anterior segment syndrome after cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-Na Lee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS is an acute sterile postoperative anterior segment inflammation that may occur after anterior segment surgery. I report herein a case that developed mild TASS in one eye after bilateral uneventful cataract surgery, which was masked during early postoperative period under steroid eye drop and mimicking delayed onset TASS after switching to weaker steroid eye drop.

  16. Outcomes of 360° suture trabeculotomy with deep sclerectomy combined with cataract surgery for primary open angle glaucoma and coexisting cataract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sato T

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Tomoki Sato,1 Akira Hirata,2 Takanori Mizoguchi3 1Sato Eye Clinic, Kumamoto, 2Hayashi Eye Hospital, Fukuoka, 3Mizoguchi Eye Clinic, Nagasaki, Japan Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate treatment outcomes in 360° suture trabeculotomy with deep sclerectomy combined with phacoemulsification and aspiration and intraocular lens implantation (360P-LOT + DSMethods: Thirty-two eyes in 32 consecutive patients treated by 360P-LOT + DS for primary open angle glaucoma with coexisting cataracts at Sato Eye Clinic from March 2011 to April 2013 were retrospectively compared with 23 eyes in 23 consecutive patients treated by cataract surgery and 120° trabeculotomy with deep sclerectomy (120P-LOT + DS at the same clinic from January 2010 to February 2011. The parameters investigated during the 15 months after surgery were the course of intraocular pressure, number of antiglaucoma medications, best-corrected visual acuity, and complications.Results: Both groups showed a significant decrease in intraocular pressure starting at one month after surgery when compared with values before surgery. At 3, 6, 9, and 15 months after surgery, the intraocular pressure was significantly lower and the survival rate was significantly higher in the 360P-LOT + DS group compared with the 120P-LOT + DS group. The number of antiglaucoma medications, best-corrected visual acuity value, and complications did not differ significantly between the groups.Conclusion: Although the complications are similar to those seen in 120P-LOT + DS, treatment of primary open angle glaucoma and coexisting cataracts using 360P-LOT + DS may yield better outcomes. Keywords: nonpenetrating surgery, trabeculectomy, IOP spike

  17. Impact of Cataract Surgery on Sleep in Patients Receiving Either Ultraviolet-Blocking or Blue-Filtering Intraocular Lens Implants

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander, I; Cuthbertson, FM; Ratnarajan, G; Safa, R; Mellington, FE; Foster, RG; Downes, SM; Wulff, K

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Although visual impairment is a well-recognized consequence of cataract development, little is known about the ability of the melanopsin-based photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (pRGCs) to regulate sleep-wake timing in the presence of cataract. In this study, we replaced a cataractous natural crystalline lens with two different types of artificial intraocular lenses, a UV-blocking lens or a blue-filtering lens. We investigated the level of sleep disturbance before cataract surgery...

  18. Long term clinical outcome of a randomised controlled trial of anterior chamber lenses after high volume intracapsular cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Hennig, A.; Johnson, G.; Evans, J.; Lagnado, R.; Poulson, A.; D. Pradhan; Foster, A; Wormald, R.

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND—Age related cataract remains the major cause of blindness throughout the world. In many countries, the majority of cataract surgery continues to be done by the intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE) method. The results of a large randomised controlled trial of multiflex open loop anterior chamber intraocular lenses (ACIOL) were reported from a busy eye hospital in Nepal.?METHODS—There was a randomised controlled trial of 2000 people with bilateral cataract reducing vision to less...

  19. Adoption of intracameral antibiotic prophylaxis of endophthalmitis following cataract surgery: update on the ESCRS Endophthalmitis Study.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Barry, Peter

    2014-01-01

    To determine the use of intracameral cefuroxime at the end of cataract surgery since the beneficial results were first reported by the European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons Endophthalmitis Study Group in 2006, 250 ophthalmic surgeons affiliated with both public and private hospitals and clinics across Europe were surveyed. The questions regarded their awareness of the results of the ESCRS endophthalmitis study and their current use or non-use of intracameral antibiotics in their cataract procedures. Seventy-four percent of respondents said they always or usually use intracameral antibiotics in their cataract surgery procedures. The most frequently cited reasons for not using cefuroxime or other intracameral antibiotics was the lack of an approved commercial preparation and related anxieties regarding the risk of dilution errors and contamination. More than 90% of respondents said they would use cefuroxime if an approved single-unit dose product were commercially available.

  20. Sustained release of antibiotic from poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) to prevent blinding infections after cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Erin M.; Noble, Misty L; Garty, Shai; Ma, Hongyan; Bryers, James D; Shen, Tueng T.; Ratner, Buddy D

    2009-01-01

    Intraocular lens implantation after opacified natural lens removal is the primary treatment for cataracts in developed countries. Cataract surgery is generally considered safe, but entails significant risks in countries where sophisticated sterile operating theaters are not widely available. Post-operative infection (endophthalmitis) is a potential blinding complication. Infection often results from bacterial colonization of the new lens implant and subsequent antibiotic-tolerant biofilm form...

  1. Cataract surgery in the management of the late complications of lepromatous leprosy in South Korea.

    OpenAIRE

    ffytche, T. J.

    1981-01-01

    Clinical examination of 113 patients in South Korea with lepromatous leprosy and severe visual impairment showed that the main cause of visual loss was the combined effect of corneal and lens opacities associated with small nonreacting pupils and iris atrophy. Cataract surgery with broad iridectomy and inferior sphincterotomy offers these patients with chronic lepromatous complications the best chance of preserving vision. Eighty-one cataract operations were performed under local anaesthesia,...

  2. The effect of health insurance reform on the number of cataract surgeries in Chongqing, China

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan Rongdi; Zhang Yao; Chen Chunlin; Chen Xiaofan; Ye, Jian

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Cataracts are the leading cause of blindness in China, and poverty is a major barrier to having cataract surgery. In 2003, the Chinese government began a series of new national health insurance reforms, including the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) and the Urban Resident Basic Health Insurance scheme (URBMI). These two programs, combined with the previously existing Urban Employee Basic Health Insurance (UEBMI) program, aimed to make it easier for individuals to rece...

  3. Influence of cataract surgery and blood pressure changes caused by sodium restriction on retinal vascular diameter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takatoshi Tano

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Takatoshi Tano1, Yoshimune Hiratsuka2, Koichi Ono1, Akira Murakami11Department of Ophthalmology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo; 2National Institute of Public Health, Tokyo, JapanPurpose: To investigate the impact of cataract surgery and blood pressure changes induced by one week of sodium restriction on retinal vascular diameter.Methods: Fundus photographs of 200 patients were obtained before and one week after cataract surgery. For one week after admission, 100 patients received sodium restriction and 100 patients (ie, the control group did not receive sodium restriction. The diameter of the retinal vessels and blood pressure were compared between the sodium restriction group and the control group. The vascular diameter was measured using an objective computer-based method.Results: Neither group had a significant change in the diameter of the retinal vessels after cataract surgery. Although there was no significant change in retinal arterial and venular diameter in the sodium restriction group, one-week sodium restriction significantly reduced mean blood pressure. However, multiple linear regression analyses indicated that an increase in retinal arteriolar diameter was significantly associated with diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and alcohol intake.Conclusion: Cataract surgery and blood pressure reduction induced by one week of sodium restriction resulted in no significant change in retinal arteriolar diameter.Keywords: cataract surgery, hypertension, retinal blood vessel diameter, retinal fundus camera, sodium restriction.

  4. Cataract blindness and barriers to uptake of cataract surgery in a rural community of northern Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Rabiu, M.

    2001-01-01

    AIMS—A population based cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the magnitude of cataract blindness and the barriers to uptake of cataract services in a rural community of northern Nigeria.?METHODS—1461 people out of 1924 registered eligible people were examined. The study population was chosen by two stage cluster random sampling. In the first sampling stage 15 villages were randomly chosen while in the final stage 170 people who were 40 years and over were selected in each village...

  5. Improvement of circular capsulorhexis technique during huge hardcore small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin He

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To analyze huge hardcore cataract surgery with the diameter of the circular capsulorhexis size, discuss circular capsulorhexis technique improvement and evaluate the application advantages of anterior capsule continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis combined with anterior capsule opening radial multi-point cutting surgery in huge hardcore cataract surgery. METHODS: Sixty-nine cases(80 eyeswith huge hardcore cataract, successfully underwent anterior capsule continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis combined with anterior capsule opening radial multi-point cutting surgery, and delivered nuclear smoothly. RESULTS: Seventy-eight eyes(98%successfully completed surgery. Two eyes occurred capsular rupture or part of the suspensory ligament rupture caused by squeezing huge hardcore. Intraoperative, nuclear was spun into the anterior chamber by hands, or dragged into the anterior chamber using circle key and delivered. Pupil vitreous was cleaned up, then suspensory intraocular lens was implanted at second stage.CONCLUSION: As the improvement surgery of anterior capsule continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis combined with anterior capsule opening radial multi-point cutting method is safe and effective in huge hardcore cataract surgery.

  6. Cataracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cataract will appear gray, gray/white, or yellow/tan and, rarely, the lens will be pearly white ... or shades of color are difficult to discern. Self-Care Guidelines There are no proven ways to ...

  7. The probable associations for corticocapsular adhesions in patients undergoing cataract surgery: A clinic-based observational study

    OpenAIRE

    Vasavada Abhay; Raj Shetal; Praveen M; Vasavada Viraj; Vasavada Vaishali

    2008-01-01

    Background: Corticocapsular adhesions (CCA) are frequently seen between lens capsule and adjacent cortical layer. During cataract surgery, in the presence of CCA, excessive efforts to rotate the nucleus can result in zonular damage. To reduce morbidity, identification of associations with CCA can be helpful in appropriately modifying the surgical procedure. Aim: To investigate probable associations with CCA in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Setting and Design: Iladevi Cataract and...

  8. Results at seven years after the use of intracamerular cefazolin as an endophthalmitis prophylaxis in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romero-Aroca Pedro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To evaluate results after seven years using prophylactic intracameral cefazolin for the prevention of endophthalmitis in cataract surgery. Methods A prospective, observational study of all patients submitted to cataract surgery over the period January 1996 to December 2009. All cases of postoperative endophthalmitis over that period were reviewed. The patients were classified in two groups: Group 1 (11,696 patients operated on between January 1996 and December 2002, Group 2 (13,305 patients between January 2003 and December 2009 (in whom a 1 mg/0.1 bolus of intracameral cefazolin was instilled. Results During the study period, 76 cases of endophthalmitis were observed in Group 1, and seven in Group 2. The rate of postoperative endophthalmitis reduced from 0.63% to 0.05% with a cefazolin injection. The relative risk (RR for endophthalmitis in Group 1 against group 2 was 11.45 [95% CI 5.72-22.84, p . Conclusions An intracameral bolus injection of cefazolin (1 mg in 0.1 ml solution at the conclusion of the cataract surgery significantly reduced the rate of postoperative endophthalmitis.

  9. Cataract surgery at Aravind Eye Hospitals: 1988–2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Natchiar

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In the 1980s, cataract was the major cause of blindness in India and was responsible for 80% of all blindness. This prompted the Indian government to launch a national cataract control programme, which succeeded in lowering the prevalence of blindness from 1.49% to 1.1%. In addition, by 2000, this programme had reduced the proportion of people blind due to cataract from 80% to 62%.Aravind Eye Hospitals contributed to a third of all cataract operations in the state of Tamil Nadu during the last two decades and played a major part in lowering the rate of blindness in that state. By 2000, the prevalence level of blindness was just 0.78%, compared to the national level of 1.11%.

  10. Cataract and pterygium surgery results in Venezuelan patients treated in the Misión Milagro program

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Idalia, Triana; Oaris de los Ángeles, Socarrás; Nelsis, Rondón.

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available An intervention to address vision loss was carried out in 2008 in Táchira, Venezuela, by health teams of the joint Cuban-Venezuelan initiative known as Misión Milagro. It included active case identification of patients with ophthalmologic conditions and, where warranted, surgery, followup, rehabilit [...] ation and medical discharge. From a universe of 345 patients aged >18 years with ophthalmologic conditions found, 210 were selected for cataract or pterygium surgery. Of cataract patients, 55.2% recovered optimal vision within three months after surgery, as did 90.9% of those with pterygium; frequency of complications was 15.4% in cataract patients and 41.7% in pterygium patients. The intervention was considered successful, although many patients' low-income status required premature postoperative return to their jobs and other labors, a factor considered detrimental to optimal recovery.

  11. Cataract and pterygium surgery results in Venezuelan patients treated in the Misión Milagro program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Idalia Triana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available An intervention to address vision loss was carried out in 2008 in Táchira, Venezuela, by health teams of the joint Cuban-Venezuelan initiative known as Misión Milagro. It included active case identification of patients with ophthalmologic conditions and, where warranted, surgery, followup, rehabilitation and medical discharge. From a universe of 345 patients aged >18 years with ophthalmologic conditions found, 210 were selected for cataract or pterygium surgery. Of cataract patients, 55.2% recovered optimal vision within three months after surgery, as did 90.9% of those with pterygium; frequency of complications was 15.4% in cataract patients and 41.7% in pterygium patients. The intervention was considered successful, although many patients' low-income status required premature postoperative return to their jobs and other labors, a factor considered detrimental to optimal recovery.

  12. Congenital cataract surgery during the early enlightenment period and the Stepkins oculists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leffler, Christopher T; Schwartz, Stephen G; Davenport, Byrd

    2014-07-01

    From antiquity through the Renaissance, congenital blindness was generally regarded as incurable, as noted in both medical and lay publications. The earliest reference to congenital cataract surgery that we identified, reported in 1663, referred to an 18-year-old female treated by English oculist John Stepkins (d. 1652). An examination of the literature related to the Stepkins family reveals the presence of male and female oculists during that period, including his daughter, Lady Theodosia Ivy. Eye waters attributed to Stepkins contained tutty (an oxide of zinc), roses, sugar candy, and other ingredients. Interestingly, John Thomas Woolhouse, the author of the next identified report of congenital cataract surgery in 1706, stated that he was related to Stepkins. Woolhouse reported by 1721 that he had performed 36 congenital cataract surgeries, with the youngest patient being 18 months of age. PMID:24810006

  13. Vitrectorhexis versus forceps posterior capsulorhexis in pediatric cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Kochgaway, Lav; Biswas, Partha; Paul, Ajoy; Sinha, Sourav; Biswas, Rupak; Maity, Puspen; Banerjee, Sumita

    2013-01-01

    This study was done to compare the results of posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis created using forceps with those created using vitrector in eyes suffering from congenital cataract. Vitrectorhexis term was first used by Wilson et al in 1999.[1] Fifty eyes with congenital and developmental cataract were included in this study. The posterior capsulorhexis was created using utrata forceps in 17 eyes or through a vitrector in 33 eyes. Forceps capsulorhexis was performed before IOL imp...

  14. Factors associated with strabismus after cataract extraction and primary intraocular lens implantation in congenital cataracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soo Jung Lee

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate factors associated with the development of strabismus after cataract extraction and primary intraocular lens implantation.METHODS: The medical records of 122 patients, aged 1.5mo to 9y, who had undergone cataract extraction with primary intraocular lens implantation between January 1993 and August 2011 were reviewed. Fourteen patients (17 eyes with strabismus before cataract surgery were excluded. Patients were divided into those with congenital bilateral cataracts (64 patients, 128 eyes and those with unilateral cataracts (44 patients, 44 eyes. The associations between the development of strabismus and age at cataract surgery, pre- and post-cataract extraction corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA, interocular CDVA difference, nystagmus, surgical method, and secondary cataract were evaluated.RESULTS: Factors significantly associated with the development of strabismus included age at cataract surgery (?1y, preoperative mean CDVA ?20/100, presence of nystagmus in the bilateral cataract group and postoperative interocular CDVA difference ?20/70 in the unilateral group. Postoperative CDVA ?20/100 and preservation of posterior capsule, and presence of secondary cataract were significant factors in both groups.CONCLUSION: Children with congenital cataracts should be monitored carefully after cataract surgery for the development of strabismus, especially when they underwent surgery at age ?1y, and they have nystagmus, large postoperative interocular CDVA difference, poor preoperative and postoperative CDVA, preservation of the posterior capsule, or secondary cataract.

  15. Quantitative analysis of macular thickness following uneventful and complicated cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akçay B?

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Betül Ilkay Sezgin Akçay, Tahir Kansu Bozkurt, Esra Güney, Cihan Ünlü, Gürkan Erdogan, Gülünay Akcali, Huseyin BayramlarUmraniye Research and Training Hospital, Istanbul, TurkeyPurpose: To compare change of macular thickness after uneventful cataract surgery and after cataract surgery complicated with vitreous loss, using optic coherence tomography (OCT.Methods: Twenty eyes of 20 patients who underwent cataract surgery complicated with posterior capsular tear participated in this retrospective study (Group 2. The fellow eyes of those patients who underwent uneventful cataract surgery served as the control group (Group 1. Best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BCVA, refraction, keratometry, axial length measurement, intraocular lens power calculation, intraocular pressure, and biomicroscopic and posterior segment examinations were done preoperatively. BCVA was evaluated at the postoperative 1st day, 1st week, 1st month, and 3rd month. Macular thickness and volumetric measurements with OCT with MM5 protocol were conducted at the postoperative 3rd month.Results: Logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution BCVA of Group 1 was significantly better than Group 2 at all intervals (P < 0.05. Foveal, parafoveal (superior and temporal, and perifoveal (superior and temporal macular thickness measurements were significantly higher in Group 2 at month 3 (P < 0.05. Foveal volume was also significantly higher in Group 2 when compared with Group 1 (P < 0.05. In Group 2, two eyes (10% were diagnosed with clinically significant cystoid macular edema at the 1-month visit.Conclusion: Macular thickness was found to be significantly high in eyes undergoing complicated cataract surgery (with posterior capsular tear when compared with uneventful cataract surgeries of fellow eyes.Keywords: BCVA, posterior capsular tear, vitreous loss

  16. Towards achieving small-incision cataract surgery 99.8% of the time.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas R

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A surgical approach designed to reliably attain the modern goal of small incision cataract surgery 99.8% of the time is described. Phacoemulsification as well as a manual small incision technique is utilised to achieve the desired outcome as often as possible and for all types of cataracts. The logic, and required surgical steps are described and illustrated. This surgical technique allows the advantages of small incision surgery to be reliably achieved. The method is flexible and allows decisions and steps to be modified depending on the skill and comfort zone of the individual surgeon.

  17. Cataract surgery and postoperative complications in diabetic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanci?, Dorotea; Mandi?, Zdravko; Bara?, Josip; Kopi?, Mirta

    2005-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus influences the function and morphology of the eye lens. The cataract is the second most common complication of diabetes mellitus on the eye. A hundred patients with cataract were examined in the prospective study. The patients were divided into two groups. The first group consisted of 50 patients with cataract who had not suffered from a system or local disease. The second group consisted of 50 patients with cataract and diabetes mellitus that had lasted for at least five years. In both groups the patients underwent identical cataract extra capsular extraction with intraocular PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate) lens implantation in camera posterior. The objective of this study was to compare the two groups of patients in order to find out the most common intraoperative or postoperative complications in diabetics. The most common postoperative complications in patients suffering from diabetes were inflammatory reactions and bleeding: postoperative keratopathy, uveitis anterior serous and uveitis anterior fibrinous with posterior sinechia and opacity of the posterior lens capsule as results. Postoperative visual acuity was worse in the patients in group II on the seventh day and six months after operation. It was diabetic retinopathy and its progression that caused deterioration of visual acuity. Diabetic retinopathy and its progression, as well as maculopathy were found only in patients who were not treated with photocoagulation before the operation. PMID:16193678

  18. Role of socio-economic factors in cataract surgery utilization in JIPMER Pondicherry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasanna T

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : This study was conducted in JIPMER & Kurusukuppam, Pondicherry. Objectives : To identify the socioeconomic factors influencing the utilization of cataract surgery & to identify the persons motivating the patients to utilize these services. This was a case-control study; cases were patients (age group 50-70 years who were operated in JIPMER for senile cataract without complications and one control was selected for each case. Controls were also of the same age group residing at Kurusukuppam with complaints of dimness of vision and who had not undergone cataract surgery, selected by random sampling. Both the groups were interviewed using a pretested interview schedule. Results : Subjects who were literate and with high school education and more and with income more than Rs.1050 (class III utilized the cataract surgery services more. In majority of cases, motivation for getting operated comes from relatives. Peer groups who have undergone the surgery before, were the predominant sources of health information about the surgery. Higher income & higher education affect the utilization significantly. Relatives & Previously operated peers play an important role.

  19. [Two cases of Parkinson's disease in which visual hallucinations disappeared after cataract surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsui, Hideaki; Udaka, Fukashi; Oda, Masaya; Kubori, Tamotsu; Nishinaka, Kazuto; Kameyama, Masakuni

    2004-04-01

    We report two cases of Parkinson's disease in which visual hallucinations disappeared after cataract surgery. Patient 1 was a 72-year-old woman with Parkinson's disease, visual hallucinations and musical hallucinations. Patient 2 was a 77-year-old woman with Parkinson's disease and visual hallucinations. Both patients had severe bilateral cataracts. Though it was difficult to control their visual hallucinations with medication only, cataract surgery made them disappeared quickly. The visual hallucinations of Parkinson's disease are similar to those of Charles Bonnet syndrome. For example, both hallucinations often happen in dim light, at night and when patients are awake with eyes open. Though there have been many reports describing visual hallucinations in Parkinson's disease, there have been few reports discussing the relation between these hallucinations and impaired visual acuity. Similar to the hallucinations of Charles Bonnet syndrome, impaired visual acuity should be related to the visual hallucinations of Parkinson's disease. When Parkinson's disease, visual hallucinations and severe cataract coexist, visual hallucinations may disappear after cataract surgery. PMID:15237728

  20. Cataracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several months to years after exposure to ionizing radiation of the atomic bombs (A-bombs), some survivors developed cataracts. The characteristic clinical finding was a localized lenticular opacity on the inner surface of the posterior polar capsule presenting a polychromatic sheen, and punctate opacities or aggregations thereof in the subcapsular cortical layer of the posterior polar region. In the majority of the affected survivors, the degree of opacification of these radiation cataracts was minimal to moderate and remained unchanged. These cases had no other subjective disturbances associated with this condition. (auth.)

  1. Prevalence of visual impairment, cataract surgery and awareness of cataract and glaucoma in Bhaktapur district of Nepal: The Bhaktapur Glaucoma Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Twyana Shankha N

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cataract and glaucoma are the major causes of blindness in Nepal. Bhaktapur is one of the three districts of Kathmandu valley which represents a metropolitan city with a predominantly agrarian rural periphery. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of visual impairment, cataract surgery and awareness of cataract and glaucoma among subjects residing in this district of Nepal. Methods Subjects aged 40 years and above was selected using a cluster sampling methodology and a door to door enumeration was conducted for a population based cross sectional study. During the community field work, 11499 subjects underwent a structured interview regarding awareness (heard of and knowledge (understanding of the disease of cataract and glaucoma. At the base hospital 4003 out of 4800 (83.39% subjects underwent a detailed ocular examination including log MAR visual acuity, refraction, applanation tonometry, cataract grading (LOCS??, retinal examination and SITA standard perimetry when indicated. Results The age-sex adjusted prevalence of blindness (best corrected Conclusion The low prevalence of visual impairment and the high cataract surgical coverage suggests that cataract intervention programs have been successful in Bhaktapur. Awareness and knowledge of cataract and glaucoma was very poor among this population. Eye care programs needs to be directed towards preventing visual impairment from refractive errors, screening for incurable chronic eye diseases and promoting health education in order to raise awareness on cataract and glaucoma among this population.

  2. Time-trend and variations in the proportion of second-eye cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernal-Delgado Enrique

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite recommendations for greater use of second-eye cataract surgery and the bilateral progression of the disease, there is a substantial proportion of unmet need for this treatment. Few studies have explored the factors associated with second-eye cataract surgery utilisation. The objective of our study was to estimate the proportion of second-eye cataract surgery, evaluate its time-trend, and explore differences in utilisation by patients' gender, age, and region of residence. Methods All senile cataract surgeries performed between 1999 and 2002 in the public health system of Catalonia (Spain were obtained from the Minimum Data Set. The proportion of second-eye surgery from November 2000 to December 2002 was calculated. The time-trend of this proportion was characterised through linear regression models with the logarithmic transformation of time. Results The proportion of second-eye surgery was 30.0% and showed an increasing trend from 24.8% (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 21.6; 26.1 in November 2000 to 31.8% (95% CI 31.4; 33.6 in December 2002. This proportion was 1.9% (95% CI 0.9; 2.9 higher in women (p Conclusion We predict greater utilization of second-eye surgery in patients aged 70 to 79 years and in women. A greater increase in the utilisation rates of second-eye surgery is expected in the regions with lower proportions and in older patients. The observed trend suggests that there will be a substantial proportion of unmet need for bilateral surgery.

  3. Phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens versus extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) with posterior chamber intraocular lens for age-related cataract.

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, SR; Riaz, Y; Evans, JR

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness worldwide. Therefore, it is important to establish the most effective surgical technique for cataract surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine the effects of two types of cataract surgery for age-related cataract: phacoemulsification and extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL (which contains the Cochrane Eyes and Vision Group Trials Register) (The Cochrane Library...

  4. Postoperative increase in grey matter volume in visual cortex after unilateral cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lou, Astrid R; Madsen, Kristoffer H

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The developing visual cortex has a strong potential to undergo plastic changes. Little is known about the potential of the ageing visual cortex to express plasticity. A pertinent question is whether therapeutic interventions can trigger plastic changes in the ageing visual cortex by restoring vision. Methods: Twelve patients aged 50-85 years underwent structural high-resolution T1-weighted MRI of the whole brain 2 days and 6 weeks after unilateral cataract surgery. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) based on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was employed to test whether cataract surgery induces a regional increase in grey matter in areas V1 and V2 of the visual cortex. Results: In all patients, cataract surgery immediately improved visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and mean sensitivity in the visual field of the operated eye. The improvement in vision was stable throughout the 6 weeks after operation. VBM revealed a regional expansion of grey matter volume in area V2 contralateral to the operated eye during the 6-week period after surgery. Individual increases in grey matter were predicted by the symmetry in visual acuity between the operated eye and nonoperated eye. The more symmetrical visual acuity became after unilateral cataract surgery, the more pronounced was the grey matter increase in visual cortex. Conclusion: The data suggest that cataract surgery triggered a use-dependent structural plasticity in V2 presumably through improved binocular integration of visual input from both eyes. We conclude that activity-dependent cortical plasticity is preserved in the ageing visual cortex and may be triggered by restoring impaired vision.

  5. BARRIERS RESPONSIBLE FOR DELAYED UTILIZATION OF CATARACT SURGERY: AN EYE CAMP STUDY FROM CENTRAL INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umesh

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Blindness is one of the significant social problems in India with 7 million of the total 45 million blind people in the world residing in our country. Apart from health and status of vision, there are many other socio-economic factors and perceptions, which influence the decision making of the people for getting operated for cataract. But very few studies have been done on the social factors influencing the utilization of cataract surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was a hospital-based, descriptive study. The study subjects were recruited from the Ophthalmology department from cataract camp held in Chirayu medical College, Hospital during October 2013 to January 2014. RESULTS: In present study, insufficient family income and no one to accompany (60% and 10% was responded by majority of the subjects. In present study, the barriers for delayed utilization of cataract surgery like could manage to do daily work was responded by 513 (85.5% out of total 600 subjects, could see with the other eye clearly 470 (78.3%, busy with work 118 (19.6%, being female70 (11.6%, fear of surgery 115 (19.1%, old age 200 (33.3%, fear that surgery could lead to loss of eyesight 55 (9.1%, it was Gods will 35 (5.8%, fear about the cost of surgery 375 (62.5% and fear that surgery could lead to death was responded by 15 (2.5% out of total 600 subjects. CONCLUSION: Expansion of outreach programmes to different communities rather than concentrate in urban areas, and offering cataract surgical services at affordable rates will also be of help. Health Education has a great role to play as well, especially in creating awareness. Adequate dissemination of information through various media is usually will be very helpful

  6. Anesthetic management of cardiac patient for cataract surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We are reporting the successful anesthetic management of a 6 years old child, who had cyanotic congenital heart disease and underwent an operation for cataract extraction. Ketamine was used for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia. Ventilation was assisted manually by using laryngeal masks. (author)

  7. Cataract surgery in Knobloch syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Bongiovanni CS; Ferreira CCS; Rodrigues APS; Fortes Filho JB; Tartarella MB

    2011-01-01

    Carmen Sílvia Bongiovanni1, Carla Cristina Serra Ferreira1, Ana Paula Silvério Rodrigues1, João Borges Fortes Filho2, Márcia Beatriz Tartarella11Department of Ophthalmology, Congenital Cataract Section, Medical School, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, BrazilAbstract: Knobloch syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorde...

  8. Experimental studies on the usage possibilities of the holmium laser in cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kecik, Tadeusz; Kecik, Dariusz; Kasprzak, Jan; Pratnicki, Antoni; Jankiewicz, Zdzislaw; Zajac, Andrzej

    1996-03-01

    The authors present initial investigations of used holmium laser during experimental cataract surgery. The investigations were performed 'in vitro' and 'in vivo.' The presented results of the experiments show that structure of the lens can be emulsified with the use of the holmium laser.

  9. Capsular Block Syndrome Following Combined Cataract and Vitrectomy Surgery in a Patient With Intraocular Gas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Diamond M; Casey, Richard; Tsui, Irena

    2015-10-01

    The aim of this report is to describe the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the rare complication of capsular block syndrome following combined cataract and vitrectomy surgery in a patient with intraocular gas. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2015;46:980-982.]. PMID:26469241

  10. Cataract Surgery Complications: An in vitro Model of Toxic Effects of Ropivacaine and Lidocaine

    OpenAIRE

    Pescosolido, Nicola; Scarsella, Gianfranco; Tafani, Marco; Nebbioso, Marcella

    2011-01-01

    Background: Intraoperative lidocaine is widely used in controlling discomfort during cataract surgery. However, recent studies have confirmed the toxic effect of lidocaine on ganglion cells. Ropivacaine is an anesthetic recently introduced in clinical practice that couples a long anesthetic effect with a mild vasoconstrictive action.

  11. Effect of 1% brinzolamide and 0.5% timolol fixed combination on intraocular pressure after cataract surgery with phacoemulsification

    OpenAIRE

    Kemal Örnek; Nesrin Büyüktortop; Nurgül Örnek; Reyhan O?urel; ?nci Elif Erbahçeci; Zafer Onaran

    2013-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the effect of brinzolamide-timolol fixed combination on intraocular pressure (IOP) after cataract surgery.METHODS:The study included 92 eyes of 87 patients who underwent cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation. Patients scheduled for phacoemulsification were assigned to 1 of 2 groups. The treatment group received 1 drop of brinzolamide-timolol fixed combination immediately after surgery, and the control group received no treatment. The IOP was measured preoperative...

  12. Changes of Vision-Related Quality of Life in Retinal Detachment Patients after Cataract Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Mingming; Huang, Jiannan; Zhu, Bijun; SUN, QIAN; XU, XIAN; Miao, Yuyu; Zou, Haidong

    2015-01-01

    Rhegmatenous retinal detachment (RRD) is one of the most serious complications after phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation surgery. It has been reported that vision-related quality of life (VRQoL), as well as visual acuity rapidly decreased when RRD developed. However, little is known of the VRQoL in those RRD patients after anatomical retinal re-attachment, especially whether or not the VRQoL is higher than that before cataract surgery. In this prospective case seri...

  13. Use of vision tests in clinical decision making about cataract surgery: results of a national survey

    OpenAIRE

    Frost, N; Sparrow, J

    2000-01-01

    AIM—To provide information on the use of vision tests in clinical decision making about cataract surgery in the UK.?METHOD—A questionnaire survey was mailed to 703 consultant ophthalmologists.?RESULTS—A response rate of 70% was obtained. Monocular distance visual acuity was the only visual function that was tested routinely by all surgeons. Supplementary use of contrast sensitivity and glare testing was low. Many surgeons (35%) were willing to consider surgery at acuity levels better than 6/9...

  14. Spectrum and clinical profile of post cataract surgery endophthalmitis in North India

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta Amit; Gupta Vishali; Gupta Amod; Dogra Mangat; Pandav Surinder; Ray Pallab; Chakraborty Arunaloke

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: To determine the spectrum, clinical profile and risk factors for poor visual outcome in patients of post cataract surgery endophthalmitis. Methods: Data from 124 eyes were analysed. Various clinical and microbiological parameters were evaluated and risk factors for unfavourable outcome identified. Results: The mean age of the patients was 59.50±13.75 years; 60.5% were males. The median surgery-symptom interval was 7 days (mean 15.81±24.01) and the medium sy...

  15. Congenital Cataract: Prevalence and Surgery Age at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (ZOC)

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Haotian; Yang, Ye; Chen, Jingjing; Zhong, Xiaojian; Liu, Zhaochuan; Lin, Zhuoling; chen, Wan; Luo, Lixia; Qu, Bo; Zhang, Xinyu; Zheng, Danying; Zhan, Jiao; Wu, Hanfu; WANG, ZHIRONG; Geng, Yu

    2014-01-01

    Congenital cataract (CC) is the primary cause of treatable childhood blindness. Population-based assessments of prevalence and surgery age of CC, which are critical for improving management strategies, have been unavailable in China until now. We conducted a hospital-based, cross-sectional study of the hospital charts of CC patients younger than 18 years old from January 2005 to December 2010 at Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center (ZOC) in Guangzhou, China. Residence, gender, age at surgery, hospital...

  16. Lack of effect of preoperative norfloxacin on bacterial contamination of anterior chamber aspirates after cataract surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Chitkara, D K; Manners, T; Chapman, F.; Stoddart, M G; Hill, D.; Jenkins, D.

    1994-01-01

    Eighty patients undergoing routine standardised extracapsular cataract surgery with lens implantation were divided randomly into two groups in a prospective double blind study comparing effects of preoperative norfloxacin eyedrops with placebo on bacterial contamination of anterior chamber aspirates after surgery. Pathogenic organisms were identified from 19 (24%) of the aspirates. The most commonly isolated organisms were coagulase negative Staphylococcus species. There was no statistical di...

  17. Nuclear management in manual small incision cataract surgery by snare technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhattacharya Debasish

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Manual small incision cataract surgery has evolved into a popular method of cataract surgery in India. However, in supra hard cataract, bringing out the whole nucleus through the sclerocorneal flap valve incision becomes difficult. A bigger incision required in such cataracts loses its value action, as the internal incision and corneal valve slips beyond the limbus into sclera. Struggling with the supra hard cataracts through a regular small incision. Phacofracture in the anterior chamber becomes a useful option in these cases. In the snare technique, a stainless steel wire loop when lassoed around the nucleus in the anterior chamber constricts from the equator, easily dividing the hardest of the nuclei into two halves. The wire loop constricts in a controlled way when the second cannula of snare is pulled. The divided halves can easily be brought out by serrated crocodile forceps. This nuclear management can be safely performed through a smaller sclerocorneal flap valve incision where the corneal valve action is retained within the limbus without sutures, and the endothelium or the incision is not disturbed. However, the technique requires space in the anterior chamber to maneuver the wire loop and anterior chamber depth more than 2.5 mm is recommended. Much evidence to this wonderful technique is not available in literature, as its popularity grew through live surgical workshops and small interactive conferences.

  18. Preoperative visual acuity among cataract surgery patients and countries' state of development: a global study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaheen P Shah

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the preoperative surgical case mix among patients undergoing cataract extraction and explore associations between case mix, country level of development (as measured by the Human Development Index, HDI and cataract surgery rates (CSRs. METHODS: Ophthalmologists in 50 countries were invited to join the newly-established International Eye Research Network and asked to complete a web-based questionnaire about their eye hospitals. Those who complied received a data collection form for recording demographic and clinical data on 100 consecutive patients about to undergo cataract surgery. Countries were ranked into five HDI categories and multivariable regression was used to explore associations. FINDINGS: Ophthalmologists at 112 eye hospitals (54% of them nongovernmental in 50 countries provided data on 11 048 cataract procedures over 9 months in 2008. Patients whose visual acuity (VA before surgery was < 6/60 in the better eye comprised 47% of the total case mix in poorly developed countries and 1% in developed countries (P < 0.001. Overall, 72% of the eyes undergoing surgery had a VA < 6/60. Very low VA before cataract surgery was strongly associated with poor development at the country level and inversely associated with national CSR. CONCLUSION: The proportion of patients with very poor preoperative VA is a simple indicator that can be easily measured periodically to monitor progress in ophthalmological services. Additionally, the internet can be an effective tool for developing and supporting an ophthalmological research network capable of providing a global snapshot of service activity, particularly in developing countries.

  19. Surgical approaches to posterior polar cataract: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasavada, A R; Raj, S M; Vasavada, V; Shrivastav, S

    2012-06-01

    The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive overview of surgical methods used in the emulsification of posterior polar cataracts (PPCs) that have been devised to minimize the risk of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) and its consequences. A Pubmed and Medline search of relevant literature on PPC was done. Only articles relevant to the treatment of PPC were included. The posterior capsule in eyes with PPC are known to have an abnormal adhesion to the polar opacity or a pre-existing weakness of the capsule that predisposes the eye to PCR. To circumvent the consequences of cleaving the abnormal adhesion, a majority of the surgeons use the anterior approach through the limbus, whereas some advocate the posterior approach through the pars plana. Emulsifying the nucleus and cleaving the central opacity of the PPC off the posterior capsule without disrupting its integrity provides optimal surgical outcomes. To achieve this, various modifications have been applied by surgeons during different phases of surgery. The advantages, disadvantages, complications, and results of each method have been discussed. Phacoemulsification is the preferred technique for removing PPC. This review will provide methods to avoid and /or deal with intraocular surgical difficulties that can arise during emulsification. Employing these would result in least ocular morbidity and satisfactory visual outcomes for the patient. This is particularly relevant given the major advancements in technology and refinements in surgical techniques in phacoemulsification. PMID:22441026

  20. Clinical profile and visual outcome in cluster endophthalmitis following cataract surgery in Central India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malhotra Sumeet

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine clinical presentation, microbiological spectrum and visual outcome of cluster endophthalmitis patients after cataract surgery in central India. The records of cluster endophthalmitis patients were retrospectively reviewed. Three clusters of patients were identified who had undergone vitreous biopsy followed by three-port pars plana vitrectomy with intraocular antibiotics and steroids. Good visual outcome was seen in eight (33% of 24 patients. Six patients had corneal infiltration. Smear positivity was 58% and culture positivity was 42%. There was significant association ( P < 0.001 between presenting vision of < 20/400 and growth in vitreous culture ( P = 0.006 with poor visual outcome. The association between type of surgery ( P = 0.6, duration of symptoms ( P = 0.64 and corneal infiltration ( P = 0.06 with visual outcome was not significant. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the organism isolated in vitreous cultures. Thirty three percent patients benefit after appropriate vitreoretinal intervention in cluster endophthalmitis.

  1. Cataract surgery: expectations of patients assisted during a community project in São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Kara-Júnior Newton; Temporini Edméa Rita; Kara-José Newton

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To identify social characteristics and expectations of individuals seen during a community project for the treatment of senile cataracts. Expected results from their eye surgery and its consequences to their quality of life were studied as well. METHODOLOGY: Cataract patients (visual acuity equal to or lower than 0.2 in the more superior eye) aged 50 years or over, were surveyed by means of interviews held during their visit at the Cataract Project in São Paulo city, State of São P...

  2. Etiopathogenesis of cataract: An appraisal

    OpenAIRE

    Gupta, Varun B; Rajagopala, Manjusha; Ravishankar, Basavaiah

    2014-01-01

    Natural eye lens is a crystalline substance to produce a clear passage for light. Cataract is opacity within the clear lens of the eye and is the dominant cause of socio-medical problem i.e., blindness worldwide. The only available treatment of cataract is surgery. However, insufficient surgical facilities in poor and developing countries and post-operative complications inspire researchers to find out other modes of treatment for cataract. In this review, an attempt has been made to appraise...

  3. Oral versus topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors in ocular hypertension after scleral tunnel cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulmoghni Al-Barrag

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abdulmoghni Al-Barrag1, Motaher Al-Shaer1, Nabil Al-Matary2, Mahfoud Bamashmous11Ophthalmic Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Republic of Yemen; 2Ophthalmic Department, Military Hospital, Sana’a, Republic of YemenPurpose: To compare the effect of oral acetazolamide and topical 2% dorzolamide in prevention of ocular hypertension after scleral tunnel cataract surgery.Setting: Ophthalmic department, Sana’a University, Yemen Sana’a from March 2007 to October 2007.Methods: This prospective double-blind, randomized study included 150 eyes undergoing scleral tunnel cataract surgery with hard posterior chamber intraocular implantation. Methylcellulose was used as the viscoelastic in all surgery cases. Patients were assigned to one of three groups: group 1: topical gentamicin eye drops (control; n = 52; group 2: systemic acetazolamide 250 mg (n = 45; and group 3: topical 2% dorzolamide (n = 53. Acetazolamide patients received one 250 mg tablet, one hour before surgery, then half a tablet every eight hours. A topical dorzolamide 2% or gentamicin was applied in one drop one hour before surgery then every eight hours, for three days postoperatively. Intraocular pressures (IOP were measured by Goldman applanation tonometry one hour preoperatively and 16, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively. Results: At 16 hours, IOP between the three groups increased significantly with a statistically significant p-value of 0.008, but the mean IOP of acetazolamide patients was less than other groups. IOP nearly returned to the normal level 24 and 48 hours postoperatively, but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.452 and 0.138, respectively.Conclusion: Acetazolamide offers better IOP control than topical dorzolamide 2% in preventing ocular hypertension after scleral tunnel cataract surgery. Keywords: cataract surgery, ocular hypertension, viscoelastic, dorzolamide, intraocular pressure

  4. Diclofenac prevents temporal increase of intraocular pressure after uneventful cataract surgery with longer operation time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohji Nishida

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Masahiko Shimura1, Toru Nakazawa2, Kanako Yasuda1, Takashi Shiono3, Kohji Nishida21Department of Ophthalmology, NTT East Japan Tohoku Hospital, Sendai, Japan; 2Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Shiono Eye Center, Sendai, JapanPurpose: This study compares the effect of topical diclofenac with that of betamethasone against postoperative increase of intraocular pressure (IOP after cataract surgery in normal patients, and also investigated the risk factors for postoperative increase of IOP in each group.Methods: Fifty consecutive patients without systemic disease who have bilateral and symmetrical cataracts underwent uncomplicated cataract surgery in both eyes (100 eyes in total. Postoperatively, topical diclofenac was applied 4 times daily to one eye, and topical betamethasone to the other eye in each patient. IOP and best corrected logMAR visual acuity (BCVA in each eye were measured up to 8 weeks. Total surgery time and effective phacoemulsification time (EPT for each case was recorded.Results: BCVA in both diclofenac- and betamethasone-treated eyes significantly improved after the cataract surgery; however, no statistical difference in VA was noted between the diclofenac- and betamethasone-treated eyes throughout the observation period. IOP in the diclofenac-treated eyes decreased with time, in contrast to the IOP in the betamethasone-treated eyes, which showed a slight increase. At 4 and 8 weeks postoperatively, there was significant difference between these two eye groups. Multiple regression analysis revealed that postoperative increase in IOP at 8 weeks in the betamethasone-treated eyes was closely correlated with total surgery time and EPT, but the IOP in the diclofenac-treated eyes showed no correlation with any surgical or clinical parameters.Conclusions: Postoperative increase in IOP after cataract surgery was affected by total surgery time and EPT in the betamethasone-treated eye. The time for surgery and EPT is longer in complicated cases including patients with a hard nucleus or small pupils, and also longer for beginning surgeons and in older patients. In these cases, diclofenac in place of betamethasone as a postoperative topical antiinflammatory drug is recommended for the prevention of postoperative increase in IOP.Keywords: intraocular pressure, cataracts, visual acuity, betamethasone, diclofenac

  5. Application of hands chopping cataract surgery in patients with microcoria

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    Bing-Jie Zhang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To discuss the safety of hands chopping phacoemulsification in patients with microcoria cataract. METHODS:Hands chopping phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation was used for the microcoria cataract of 30 patients(32 eyes. Their visual acuity, pupil, and complication were observed in postoperative 1d,1wk and 1mo. RESULTS: Postoperative naked vision be or more than 0.3 were in 27 eyes(84.4%at one day, be or more than 0.3 were in 30 eyes(93.8%at one week, be or more than 0.5 were in 28 eyes(87.5%at one month. All pupil returned to round or oval. No synechia happened in postoperative 1mo. CONCLUSION:Hands chopping nucleus operation is safe and effective for uveitis combined with microcoria phacoemulsification.

  6. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia endophthalmitis following cataract surgery: clinical and microbiological results

    OpenAIRE

    Chang JS; Flynn HW Jr; Miller D.; Smiddy WE

    2013-01-01

    Jonathan S Chang, Harry W Flynn Jr, Darlene Miller, William E Smiddy Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA Background: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a Gram-negative organism known to cause opportunistic infections. It is a rare source of endophthalmitis, often in the setting of trauma, but has been reported following cataract extraction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial sensitivities, c...

  7. Clinical application of capsular tension ring on cataract surgery in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome after trabeculectomy

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    Yi Zhang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To investigate the safety and efficacy of capsular tension ring(CTRinsertion combined with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens(IOLimplantation in patient with pseudoexfoliation syndrome after anti-glaucoma surgery.METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of 10 eyes from 10 cataract patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome following trabeculectomy surgery, and who underwent CTR insertion combined with phacoemulsification and IOL implantation between January, 2012 and June, 2013. All cases had nuclear cataracts(nuclear hardness ? 1 eye, nuclear hardness ? 4 eyes, nuclear hardness ? 5 eyes. One case with ? nuclear hardness cataract had iridodonesis and lens subluxation. Postoperative visual acuity, intra- and post-operative complications, anterior capsular opening, IOL position, and postoperative intraocular pressure(IOPwere assessed. Follow-ups ranged from 3 to 14mo. The t test was used to analyze the variables studied.RESULTS: All patients had a successful CTR insertion combined with phacoemulsification and IOL implantation. A modified CTR insertion was performed in one case, the others underwent a standard CTR insertion. The best corrected visual acuity(BCVAwas ?0.5 in 3 eyes and 0.3-t=1.9955, P>0.05. The most common intrao- and post-operative complications were corneal edema, small pupil, residual cortex, spontaneous zonular dialysis.CONCLUSION: Suitable CTR insertion in appropriate occasion may be beneficial to patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome after trabeculectomy during cataract surgery. It prevents the IOL decentration and decrease the surgical complication. Less complication occurs at the early stage.

  8. EVALUATION OF VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER CATARACT EVALUATION OF VISUAL OUTCOME AFTER CATARACT SURGERY IN CAMP PATIENTS - A STUDY FROM CENTRAL INDIA

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    Madhu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Cataract is the leading cause of avoidable blindness in India. Around 4 million people become blind each year because of cataract. AIM : To assess the visual outcome and complications associated with cataract surgery in camp patients operated at a Medical College tertiary hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS : It was a retrospective study where 412 camp patients underwent posterior chamber intrao cular lens implantation surgery over a period of one year. Data was compiled based on demographic characteristics , and post - operative complications. It was graded as per Oxford Cataract Treatment and Evaluation Team (OCTET definitions on first post - operat ive day. After one month post - operative complications , best corrected visual acuity and refractive errors were also analyzed. RESULTS : 412 eyes underwent cataract surgery with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation . The maximum patients were in th e age group of 60 - 69 years , 180 (43.6% patients. , Among these patients 240 were males (58.2 % and 172 were females (41.7 %. Small incision cataract surgery (SICS with intraocular lens implant was the commonest surgical method (80% used. 792 eyes of 41 2 patients had cataract , of which 596 had the cortical type (75.3 % and 196 had the nuclear type (24.7 %. Of the cortical type , 428 were immature and 168 were mature cataracts Based on OCTET grading , the most common first post - operative day complication was mild iridocyclitis (26.2% followed by transient corneal edema in 86 patients. The major post - operative complications after 4 weeks of cataract surgery were pigments on PCIOL in 18 (4.36% cases and capsular flap in 12 cases. After 4 weeks post - operati ve best corrected visual acuity of eye 6/18 in 89.8% cases. The commonest refractive error was Myopia with against the rule astigmatism seen in 172 out of 300 patients. CONCLUSION : Acceptable results can be obtained from eye camp surgery patients with expe rienced ophthalmologists in the base hospitals and these camps help in reducing huge burden of cataract patients. Our aim remains to reach more blind and needy patient and to provide an improved standard of visual rehabilitation

  9. Two episodes of anaphylaxis following exposure to hydroxypropyl methylcellulose during cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Sofie J; Heegaard, Steffen

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of immediate severe anaphylaxis to hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) on 2 separate occasions during cataract surgery in a 71-year-old patient. Skin prick tests were positive for HPMC, a constituent of Ocucoat and Xylocaine gel, which were administered intraocularly during surgery. Skin prick tests were also positive for methylcellulose. Based on symptoms and clinical signs of anaphylaxis following 2 separate cataract operations together with positive prick tests to HPMC, HPMC is the most plausible cause of the reactions. The patient has since had uneventful surgery for a detached retina avoiding HPMC. This case stresses the importance of considering all medication given to patients as possible causes of an anaphylactic reaction.

  10. Cataract surgery: emotional reactions of patients with monocular versus binocular vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Ferrari Marback

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To analyze emotional reactions related to cataract surgery in two groups of patients (monocular vision - Group 1; binocular vision - Group 2. METHODS: A transversal comparative study was performed using a structured questionnaire from a previous exploratory study before cataract surgery. RESULTS: 206 patients were enrolled in the study, 96 individuals in Group 1 (69.3 ± 10.4 years and 110 in Group 2 (68.2 ± 10.2 years. Most patients in group 1 (40.6% and 22.7% of group 2, reported fear of surgery (p<0.001. The most important causes of fear were: possibility of blindness, ocular complications and death during surgery. The most prevalent feelings among the groups were doubts about good results and nervousness. CONCLUSION: Patients with monocular vision reported more fear and doubts related to surgical outcomes. Thus, it is necessary that phisycians considers such emotional reactions and invest more time than usual explaining the risks and the benefits of cataract surgery.Ouvir

  11. Long-time visual functional results of cataract surgery on low vision patients

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    Eva I Mönestam

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Eva I Mönestam, Britta M Lundqvist, Åsa C JonssonDepartment of Clinical Sciences/Ophthalmology, Umeå University, Umeå, SwedenBackground/aims: To assess longitudinal 5-year results of cataract surgery on low vision patients.Methods: In this prospective, long-time, observational case-series, we report the outcome regarding the subjective visual function (n = 35 assessed by a visual function questionnaire (VF-14 and the visual acuity (n = 30 of surviving low vision patients 5 years after surgery. We compare with data recorded on the same patients before surgery and 4 months postoperatively.Results: Five years after surgery, 57% had unchanged or better VF-14 score compared with preoperatively, and 37% compared with postoperatively. Maculopathy patients had a significantly larger deterioration 5 years after surgery compared with postoperatively (40.2 versus 51.7, p = 0.004, but for the glaucoma patients there was no significant change (52.6 versus 53.1. There were no significant associations between age of the patient and change in VF-14 score or change in visual acuity 5 years after surgery, neither compared with before surgery nor postoperatively.Conclusion: Results suggest a favorable functional outcome 5 years after cataract surgery on most low-vision patients. Glaucoma patients have a more stable outcome than patients with macular degeneration. The severity of the disease-process for each individual patient might be the most important factor affecting the long-time results.Keywords: low vision, cataract surgery outcome, long-time results

  12. Cataract prevalence and prevention in Europe: a literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Prokofyeva, Elena; Wegener, Alfred; Zrenner, Eberhart; Institute for Ophthalmic Research, Centre for Ophthalmology, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany

    2012-01-01

    This literature review is aimed at the evaluation of the potential for cataract prevention in Europe. It was performed using Pub-MED with Mesh and free text terms. Studies included were: a) performed on a population of Caucasian origin at an age range of 40-95 years, b) cataract was clinically verified, c) drug record of prescriptions, their indication, a record of every diagnosis, dosage, and quantity of prescribed medicine were available, d) sample size >300, e) published between 1990 and 2...

  13. Intraoperative usefulness and postoperative results of the endoilluminator for performing primary posterior capsulectomy and anterior vitrectomy during pediatric cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matalia, J; Anaspure, H; Shetty, B K; Matalia, H

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To analyze the intraoperative usefulness and postoperative results of endoilluminator use during pediatric cataract surgery. Methods Medical records of children lens aspiration with primary posterior capsulectomy (PPC) and anterior vitrectomy (AV) with or without intraocular lens implantation (IOL) were studied. An endoilluminator was used intraoperatively as an external light source in all cases to ensure the completeness of PPC and adequacy of AV. All children were divided into three groups depending upon the age at surgery and presence of IOL. We included only the first operated eye in bilateral cases. We studied the intraoperative performance for all and postoperative complications for those with >6 months follow-up. Results The charts of 79 eyes of 46 children (26 boys, 20 girls: 33 bilateral, 13 unilateral) were reviewed, of which we analyzed 46 eyes of 46 children for intraoperative performance and 42 eyes of 42 children for postoperative complications. The intraoperatively adequate size of PPC was obtained in all cases with no vitreous in the anterior chamber. Two cases in the first group developed peaking of the pupil, and one case developed visual axis contraction requiring membranectomy. None of the cases in the other groups developed any complication. Conclusion An endoilluminator is a simple, safe, and powerful tool for better visualization of the posterior capsule and anterior vitreous during pediatric cataract surgery. It helps in confirming a good vitrectomy, ensuring its completeness and thereby reducing the chances of any complication due to inadequate AV. PMID:24946844

  14. Factors associated with strabismus after cataract extraction and primary intraocular lens implantation in congenital cataracts

    OpenAIRE

    Soo Jung Lee; Wan-Soo Kim

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate factors associated with the development of strabismus after cataract extraction and primary intraocular lens implantation.METHODS: The medical records of 122 patients, aged 1.5mo to 9y, who had undergone cataract extraction with primary intraocular lens implantation between January 1993 and August 2011 were reviewed. Fourteen patients (17 eyes) with strabismus before cataract surgery were excluded. Patients were divided into those with congenital bilateral cataracts (64 patie...

  15. Axial Elongation following Cataract Surgery during the First Year of Life in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study

    OpenAIRE

    Lambert, Scott R; LYNN, MICHAEL J.; DuBois, Lindreth G.; Cotsonis, George A; Hartmann, E. Eugenie; Wilson, M. Edward

    2012-01-01

    We compared ocular axial elongation in infants after unilateral cataract surgery corrected with a contact lens or intraocular lens implantation. Aphakic eyes were on average 0.6 mm shorter than pseudophakic eyes at age 12 months.

  16. Clinical observation of bromfenac sodium 0.1% eye drops on cataract surgery

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    Jie Chen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To investigate the effects of combined with bromfena sodium 0.1% eye drops and steroids eye drops on cataract surgery, then further study its safety and effectiveness on phaeoemulsfieation.METHODS:A prospective, randomized, controlled study including 100 patients(120 eyes, enrolled for cataract surgery. The patients were randomized to topical treatment with Tobramycin and Dexamethasone combined with bromfenac sodium 0.1%(trial group, 60 eyesor Tobramycin and Dexamethasone(control group, 60 eyes. Scleral tunnel incision phacoemulsification cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation was used. The sign, symptom, intraocular pressure(IOPand optical coherence tomography(OCTwere determined postoperative 1, 7, 14d.RESULTS:There were significant differences in symptoms and signs between two groups at postoperative 7 and 14d(PP>0.05. The value of the trial group was lower than that of the control group. Preoperative IOP was 14.657±2.605mmHg in trial group and 14.415±2.761mmHg in control group, the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05. IOP in trial group were lower than that of control group at postoperative 1, 7, 14d, the difference was statistically significant(PPCONCLUSION:Application of 0.1% bromfenac sodium eye drop and Tobramycin and Dexamethasone eye drops for cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation in the treatment of postoperative inflammation has better treatment effect. It is safe and effective, and less prone to ocular hypertension and other serious complications; At the same time it can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative macular edema, prevention of macular edema after cataract surgery, with security and reliability, worthy of clinical application.

  17. Intraocular Lens Opacification following Intracameral Injection of Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator to Treat Inflammatory Membranes after Cataract Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Fung, Simon S. M.; Sykakis, Evripidis; Islam, Niaz M.; Zambarakji, Hadi J.; Khoramnia, Ramin; Auffarth, Gerd U; Parmar, Dipak N.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose. To report 7 cases of intraocular lens (IOL) opacification following treatment of postoperative anterior chamber fibrin with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) after cataract surgery. Methods. Retrospective case series of 7 eyes in 7 patients who developed IOL opacification after receiving rtPA for anterior chamber inflammatory membrane formation resulting from phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Three explanted IOLs were investigated with light microscopy, histochemica...

  18. Preoperative automatic visual behavioural analysis as a tool for intraocular lens choice in cataract surgery

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    Heloisa Neumann Nogueira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Cataract is the main cause of blindness, affecting 18 million people worldwide, with the highest incidence in the population above 50 years of age. Low visual acuity caused by cataract may have a negative impact on patient quality of life. The current treatment is surgery in order to replace the natural lens with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL, which can be mono- or multifocal. However, due to potential side effects, IOLs must be carefully chosen to ensure higher patient satisfaction. Thus, studies on the visual behavior of these patients may be an important tool to determine the best type of IOL implantation. This study proposed an anamnestic add-on for optimizing the choice of IOL. Methods: We used a camera that automatically takes pictures, documenting the patient’s visual routine in order to obtain additional information about the frequency of distant, intermediate, and near sights. Results: The results indicated an estimated frequency percentage, suggesting that visual analysis of routine photographic records of a patient with cataract may be useful for understanding behavioural gaze and for choosing visual management strategy after cataract surgery, simultaneously stimulating interest for customized IOL manufacturing according to individual needs.

  19. Clinical application of personalized composite incision for cataract surgery on grassroots poverty alleviation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong-Yu Xu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To investigate whether complex surgical incision in cataract surgery based on corneal astigmatism axial can reduce preoperative corneal astigmatism.METHODS: Cataract patients 100 cases(100 eyeswith corneal astigmatism more than 1.50D detected by keratometry were collected in this study. Scleral tunnel incision was made as the main incision according to diameter direction of maximum corneal refractive power, meanwhile, an auxiliary incision was performed on the other side of the main incision. Extracapsular cataract extraction with intraocular lens implantation was performed by a small-incision. The preoperative and postoperative(3 days, 1 month, 3, 6, 12 monthscorneal astigmatism and uncorrected visual acuity were measured.RESULTS: The preoperative and postoperative(3 days, 1 month, 3, 6, 12 monthsaverage corneal astigmatism were(+2.08±0.666D,(-1.06±0.75D,(+0.67±0.71D,(+1.11±0.77D,(+1.20±0.88D and(+1.30±0.68D, respectively. The preoperative and postoperative(3 days, 1 month, 3, 6, 12 monthsaverage uncorrected visual acuity were 0.30±0.19, 0.55±0.25, 0.69±0.21, 0.66±0.18, 0.65±0.20, 0.60±0.22. CONCLUSION: The use of composite and personalized incision in cataract surgery helps to reduce preoperative corneal astigmatism. Because of the advantage of simple process and low cost, this operation is suitable to popularize in poverty alleviation at the grassroots level.

  20. Cirurgia de catarata: o porquê dos excluídos / Reasons for not having cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Newton, Kara-José; Edméa Rita, Temporini.

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available A catarata é a principal causa de cegueira no mundo, embora seja passível de recuperação por intervenção cirúrgica relativamente simples e de baixo custo. O presente estudo, realizado em 1997 e 1998 em cinco municípios do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, teve o propósito de identificar as razões para a [...] falta de acesso ao tratamento cirúrgico por parte dos deficientes visuais por catarata senil. Foram entrevistados pacientes atendidos em um projeto comunitário de reabilitação da cegueira por catarata, o Projeto Zona Livre de Catarata. Obteve-se uma amostra prontamente acessível, composta por 776 sujeitos que procuraram a assistência do projeto e que apresentavam acuidade visual menor do que 0,2 no olho melhor (média de idade = 70 anos). Foi aplicado um questionário por entrevista. Dentre os pacientes, 683 haviam procurado atendimento oftalmológico antes do Projeto Catarata; o tipo mais comum de atendimento procurado foi o serviço público de saúde (27%). Dificuldades financeiras (69%) e ainda enxergar bem (69%) foram as razões predominantes alegadas pelos pacientes para não terem se submetido à cirurgia de catarata. Dentre os que manifestaram receio da cirurgia, a principal alegação foi medo de ficar cego. Todos os pacientes que receberam indicação cirúrgica no período do estudo concordaram em se submeter à cirurgia. Aparentemente, existe uma lacuna entre a busca de serviços oftalmológicos e a resolução cirúrgica da catarata. Os fatores predominantes para a não realização da cirurgia foram econômicos e logísticos. É necessário facilitar o acesso da população à cirurgia de catarata por meio de modelos assistenciais descentralizados e de projetos e campanhas comunitárias de prevenção da cegueira por catarata. Abstract in english Cataracts are the main cause of blindness in the world, although they can be treated with relatively simple and inexpensive surgery. This study was carried out in 1997 and 1998 in five cities in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, to identify the reasons for persons not having cataract surgery. The popu [...] lation studied were patients seen at a community project for the rehabilitation of cataract-caused blindness, Projeto Zona Livre de Catarata (the Cataract-free-Zone Project). A questionnaire was used to interview 776 individuals with cataracts who sought assistance at the project and who had a visual acuity of 20/100 or less in the better eye. Six hundred and eighty-three patients had previously sought ophthalmic care, most frequently (27%) at public health services. The main reasons for subjects not having had cataract surgery were financial (69% of respondents) and the feeling of "still having good eyesight" (69% of respondents). Among patients who said they were afraid of surgery, the main reason was concern about being left blind. All the subjects whom the project deemed suitable for surgery agreed to undergo the procedure. Apparently, there is a gap between searching for ophthalmic services and the surgical resolution of cataracts. The predominant reasons for not having surgery were financial and logistical. There is a need to facilitate access to cataract surgery by decentralizing social services and by developing community projects to prevent cataract-caused blindness.

  1. Observation on the adverse reactions of different concentrations of povidone-iodine applied before cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shan-Jun Wu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of 50g/L povidone-iodine solution in preventing postoperative endophthalmitis through comparing the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis and adverse reactions after conjunctival sac washing with povidone-iodine of different concentrations.METHODS: Totally 500 cataract patients were divided into 50g/L povidone-iodine group and 25g/L povidone-iodine group. All the operated eyes were observed during and after surgery.The patients' subjective discomfort was inquired and their signs of eyes were recorded. RESULTS: The eye irritation of 50g/L povidone-iodine group was more significant than 25g/L povidone-iodine group. No significant difference in the corneal epithelial loss and endophthalmitis was observed between two groups.CONCLUSION:Conjunctival sac washing with 50g/L povidone-iodine is an effective and safe measure to prevent endophthalmitis after cataract surgery.

  2. Clinical observation on the treatment of glaucoma with cataract through triple surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Yu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To observe the therapeutic effect of triple surgery in the treatment of glaucoma with cataract at different stages.METHODS: Totally 31 patients(55 eyeswith glaucoma and cataract were treated with phacoemulsification, lens implantation and trabeculectomy. Preoperation and postoperation of visual acuity, intraocular pressure, filtering bleb and postoperation complications were observed.RESULTS: After 6mo postoperation, the vision was significantly improved. The intraocular pressure was controlled in normal range and filtering bleb was good. There was a little complications after operation.CONCLUSION: Phacoemulsification intraocular lens implantation with anti-glaucoma establishes new aqueous humor outflow. It can effectively decrease intraocular pressure, deepen anterior chamber and improve vision, reduce all kinds of complications after simple glaucoma surgery.

  3. Intracameral dexamethasone reduces inflammation on the first postoperative day after cataract surgery in eyes with and without glaucoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diane TW Chang

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Diane TW Chang, Michael C Herceg, Richard A Bilonick, Larissa Camejo, Joel S Schuman, Robert J NoeckerDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Eye Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USAPurpose: To evaluate whether dexamethasone injected intracamerally at the conclusion of surgery can safely and effectively reduce postoperative inflammation and improve surgical outcomes in eyes with and without glaucoma.Methods: Retrospective chart review of 176 consecutive eyes from 146 patients receiving uncomplicated phacoemulsification (PE (n = 118 total, 82 with glaucoma, glaucoma drainage device (GDD (n = 35, combined PE/GDD (n = 11 and combined PE/endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (n = 12. Ninety-one eyes from 76 patients were injected with 0.4 mg dexamethasone intracamerally at the conclusion of surgery. All eyes received standard postoperative prednisolone and ketorolac eyedrops. Outcomes were measured for four to eight weeks by subjective complaints, visual acuity (VA, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, intraocular pressure (IOP and postoperative complications.Results: Dexamethasone significantly reduced the odds of having an increased anterior chamber (AC cell score after PE (p = 0.0013. Mean AC cell score ± SD in nonglaucomatous eyes was 1.3 ± 0.8 in control and 0.8 ± 0.7 with dexamethasone; scores in glaucomatous eyes were 1.3 ± 0.7 in control and 0.9 ± 0.8 with dexamethasone. Treated nonglaucomatous eyes had significantly fewer subjective complaints after PE (22.2% vs 64.7% in control; p = 0.0083. Dexamethasone had no significant effects on VA, corneal changes, IOP one day and one month after surgery, or long-term complications.Conclusions: Intracameral dexamethasone given at the end of cataract surgery significantly reduces postoperative AC cells in eyes with and without glaucoma, and improves subjective reports of recovery in nonglaucomatous eyes. There were no statistically significant risks of IOP elevation or other complications in glaucomatous eyes.Keywords: cataract surgery, glaucoma, steroid, dexamethasone, inflammation, intraocular pressure

  4. Acetazolamide-induced cilio-choroidal effusion after cataract surgery: unusual posterior involvement

    OpenAIRE

    Malagola R; Arrico L; Giannotti R; Pattavina L

    2013-01-01

    Romualdo Malagola, Loredana Arrico, Rossella Giannotti, Luigi PattavinaDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Rome "La Sapienza," Rome, ItalyAbstract: Idiosyncratic reactions to a large number of drugs have been reported to cause choroidal detachment and secondary angle-closure glaucoma (ACG). We report a case of bilateral acute ACG and peculiar choroidal effusion following administration of oral acetazolamide immediately after cataract surgery. Few cases of acute second...

  5. The need for cataract surgery: projections based on lens opacity, visual acuity, and personal concern

    OpenAIRE

    McCarty, C.; Keeffe, J.; Taylor, H

    1999-01-01

    AIM—To assess the projected needs for cataract surgery by lens opacity, visual acuity, and patient concern.?METHODS—Data were collected as part of the Melbourne Visual Impairment Project, a population based study of age related eye disease in a representative sample of Melbourne residents aged 40 and over. Participants were recruited by a household census and invited to attend a local screening centre. At the study sites, the following data were collected: presenting and best corrected visual...

  6. Long-time visual functional results of cataract surgery on low vision patients

    OpenAIRE

    Eva I Mönestam; Lundqvist, Britta M; Åsa C Jonsson

    2008-01-01

    Eva I Mönestam, Britta M Lundqvist, Åsa C JonssonDepartment of Clinical Sciences/Ophthalmology, Umeå University, Umeå, SwedenBackground/aims: To assess longitudinal 5-year results of cataract surgery on low vision patients.Methods: In this prospective, long-time, observational case-series, we report the outcome regarding the subjective visual function (n = 35) assessed by a visual function questionnaire (VF-14) and the visual acuity (n = 30) of surviving...

  7. Predicting the necessity of LASIK enhancement after cataract surgery in patients with multifocal IOL implantation

    OpenAIRE

    Gunvant P; Ablamowicz A; Gollamudi S

    2011-01-01

    Pinakin Gunvant1,2, Anna Ablamowicz2, Subba Gollamudi31Western University of Health Sciences, College of Optometry, Pomona, CA, 2Southern College of Optometry, Memphis, TN, 3Eye Specialty Group, Memphis, TN, USAPurpose: To investigate if the parameters measured routinely prior to cataract surgery with multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation can predict the necessity of additional laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) to improve visual outcome.Methods: Records of patients undergoing cata...

  8. Corrective Techniques and Future Directions for Treatment of Residual Refractive Error Following Cataract Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Moshirfar, Majid; McCaughey, Michael V; Santiago-Caban, Luis

    2014-01-01

    Postoperative residual refractive error following cataract surgery is not an uncommon occurrence for a large proportion of modern-day patients. Residual refractive errors can be broadly classified into 3 main categories: myopic, hyperopic, and astigmatic. The degree to which a residual refractive error adversely affects a patient is dependent on the magnitude of the error, as well as the specific type of intraocular lens the patient possesses. There are a variety of strategies for resolving r...

  9. A real-time automatic instrument tracking system on cataract surgery videos for dexterity assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Baldas, V; Tang, L.; Bountris, P; Saleh, G; Koutsouris, D.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we describe the SUITS (Surrey University Instrument Tracking System), an automated video processing system that analyzes videos of cataract surgeries to extract parameters for surgical skill assessment. Through image processing and object tracking techniques the eye is identified, and its movement and direction changes throughout the operation are monitored. Any instrument that moves into or out of the eye is located with its path measured. So far we have developed a prototype r...

  10. Suture-related keratitis following cataract surgery caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    OpenAIRE

    Tarabishy, Ahmad B.; Steinemann, Thomas L

    2010-01-01

    Ahmad B Tarabishy1, Thomas L Steinemann21Cole Eye Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA; 2Cornea and External Eye Disease, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USAAbstract: A 54-year old-man presented with a two-day history of severe pain and decreased vision. Examination revealed a corneal ulcer associated with a loose suture from cataract surgery done approximately two years ago. The suture was removed and the patient was started on topic ant...

  11. Severe generalised hypersensitivity reaction to topical neomycin after cataract surgery: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Ansari Imran A; Onyema Ernest

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Systemic hypersensitivity reactions to topical ophthalmic treatment occur rarely, but when they do they can be severe as highlighted by this case. Case presentation A post-operative cataract surgery patient developed a severe and generalised hypersensitivity reaction following topical treatment with Maxitrol (Dexamethasone and Neomycin) eye drops. The patient reported a previous allergic reaction to Neomycin. Conclusion This case report emphasises the importance of a tho...

  12. An analysis of ophthalmology trainees' perceptions of feedback for cataract surgery training

    OpenAIRE

    Saedon H

    2013-01-01

    Habiba Saedon Birmingham Midland Eye Centre, Birmingham, West Midlands, UK Objectives: To determine whether feedback for cataract surgery is perceived to be given to trainee ophthalmologists, the way in which any feedback is given, and what the trainee perceives to be the effect of feedback on their performance. Design: Cross-sectional qualitative study. Participants: Twelve trainee ophthalmologists at various levels of specialty training in the UK. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were c...

  13. Postoperative increase in grey matter volume in visual cortex after unilateral cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lou, Astrid R.; Madsen, Kristoffer Hougaard; Julian, Hanne O.; Toft, Peter B.; Kjaer, Troels W.; Paulson, Olaf B.; Prause, Jan U.; Siebner, Hartwig R.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose:? The developing visual cortex has a strong potential to undergo plastic changes. Little is known about the potential of the ageing visual cortex to express plasticity. A pertinent question is whether therapeutic interventions can trigger plastic changes in the ageing visual cortex by restoring vision. Methods:? Twelve patients aged 50–85 years underwent structural high-resolution T1-weighted MRI of the whole brain 2 days and 6 weeks after unilateral cataract surgery. Voxel-based morphom...

  14. Postoperative increase in grey matter volume in visual cortex after unilateral cataract surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lou, Astrid R; Madsen, Kristoffer H; Julian, Hanne O; Toft, Peter B; Kjaer, Troels W; Paulson, Olaf B; Prause, Jan Ulrik; Siebner, Hartwig R

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The developing visual cortex has a strong potential to undergo plastic changes. Little is known about the potential of the ageing visual cortex to express plasticity. A pertinent question is whether therapeutic interventions can trigger plastic changes in the ageing visual cortex by restoring vision. Methods: Twelve patients aged 50-85 years underwent structural high-resolution T1-weighted MRI of the whole brain 2 days and 6 weeks after unilateral cataract surgery. Voxel-based morphomet...

  15. Knowledge of patients’ visual experience during cataract surgery: a survey of eye doctors in Karachi, Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Tauqir Mohammad Zain; Chaudhry Tanveer Anjum; Mumtaz Sehreen; Ahmad Khabir

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Several recent studies have recommended that ophthalmologists must be aware of the visual sensations (and their associated anxiety/fear) experienced by patients undergoing cataract surgery. We assessed the knowledge of a group of eye doctors in Pakistan regarding these phenomena. Methods This was a cross-sectional survey. Eye doctors (ophthalmologists, residents and medical officers) attending the Ophthalmological Society of Pakistan Annual Conference 2011, in Karachi were...

  16. Effect of heparin in the intraocular irrigating solution on postoperative inflammation in the pediatric cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Yelda B Özkurt; Arzu Taskiran; Nadire Erdogan; Baran Kandemir; et. al.

    2009-01-01

    Yelda B Özkurt, Arzu Taskiran, Nadire Erdogan, Baran Kandemir, Ömer K Dog?anDepartment of Ophthalmology, Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, TurkeyPurpose: To evaluate the influence of irrigation of the anterior chamber with heparin sodium on postoperative inflammation after pediatric cataract surgery. Setting: Kartal Training and Research Hospital, First Eye Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.Design: Randomized prospective double-blind study.Methods: Fourteen consecutive...

  17. Influence of phacoemulsification on five sites of corneal endothelium of senile cataract after anti-glaucoma surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong - Hua Li

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To study the influence of phacoemulsification on five sites of corneal endothelium of senile cataract in patients after anti-glaucoma surgery. METHODS: Patients with cataract after anti-glaucoma surgery were selected, and the surgery of phacoemulsification was performed by a same skilled surgeon, The superior, inferior, central, nasal, temporal endothelium cells were observed with a non-contact endothelium scope on pre-operation and seventh day, first month, third month and sixth month of post-operation. RESULTS: After operation, there were obvious differences of corneal endothelium of every sites between two groups(P<0.01. CONCLUSION: Endothelium cells of senile cataract in patients after anti-glaucoma surgery are easier to be damaged in the phacoemulsification, so preoperative evaluation, surgery manner and postoperative treatment are very important.

  18. Comparison of the prediction error in cataract surgery with Lenstar and conventional ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hou-Cheng Liang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To compare the prediction errors(PEin cataract surgery with Lenstar and conventional ultrasound. METHODS: The data of age-related cataract patients were retrospectively analyzed from March, 2013 to June, 2013 in our hospital. Preoperative measurements of ocular biological parameters and calculation of intraocular lens(IOLdegree using SRK/T's formula with ultrasound, keratometry and Lenstar were performed. Cataract extraction combined with IOL implantation in capsule was taken in every patient. Retinoscopy was taken postoperatively after 3 months. Comparison of the two inspection methods for measuring axial length, mean corneal curvature and postoperative refractive PE and absolute value of PE(APE. RESULTS: Preoperative axial length was 24.68±1.70mm and 24.42±1.65mm with Lenstar and ultrasound, respectively, and there was significant difference(t=-12.688, Pr=0.992, Pt=-1.241, P=0.217, but was the significant correlation(r=0.963, Pt=-5.494, Pt=6.379, PCONCLUSION: Accurate ocular biological parameters can be achieved with Lenstar, and postoperative PE is more precise with Lenstar compared with conventional ultrasound. Lenstar can be used for precise calculation of IOL degree in cataract operation.

  19. [Surgical management of coexisting glaucoma and cataract].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Hua; Yuan, Yuan-sheng

    2012-06-01

    Coexisting glaucoma and cataract is a common eye disorder in elderly population. Recent advances in the management of patients with coexisting cataract and glaucoma offer a promising alternative in patients with uncontrolled glaucoma and a cataract and provide an individualized treatment depending upon patient's characteristics and intraocular pressure (IOP). Based on many significant studies that have been conducted in the combining cataract extraction with a glaucoma surgery in recent years, present article reviews the different surgical options on the control of their postoperative IOP level in the different stages of glaucoma and the surgical strategies for patients with combined cataract and glaucoma. PMID:22943814

  20. Phaco-emulsification versus manual small-incision cataract surgery in South Africa

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Colin, Cook; Henri, Carrara; Landon, Myer.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To compare the results of phaco-emulsification cataract surgery and manual small-incision cataract surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients aged >50 years undergoing surgery for age-related cataract were recruited into a randomised prospective clinical trial. Randomisation was done using o [...] paque sequentially numbered envelopes opened by the surgeon immediately prior to surgery. The patients were seen after 1 day, 2 weeks, and 8 weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was the uncorrected visual acuity at week 8. The secondary outcome measures were the uncorrected visual acuity on day 1, the best corrected visual acuity at week 8, the refraction at week 8, and the intra- and postoperative complications. RESULTS: One hundred patients were recruited into each arm of the study. There was no difference in the incidence of intraocular complications (p=0.19). There was no difference in the day 1 visual acuities (p=0.28). However, both the uncorrected and the corrected week 8 visual acuities were better in the eyes that had phaco-emulsification (p=0.02 and p=0.03), and there was less astigmatism (p=0.001) at week 8 in the eyes that had phacoemulsification. CONCLUSIONS: While manual small-incision surgery has been recommended as an acceptable alternative to phaco-emulsification in middle- and low-income countries, we have found that the results of phaco-emulsification are better. Where appropriate, consideration should be given to encouraging a transition to phaco-emulsification in our Vision 2020 programmes in Africa.

  1. Safety of prophylactic intracameral moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution after cataract surgery in patients with penetrating keratoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Sevki Arslan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To determine the safety of prophylactic intracameral moxifloxacin after cataract surgery in patients with penetrating keratoplasty (PKP.METHODS:In this retrospective study of consecutive patients who had phacoemulsification cataract surgery after PKP, were treated with intracameral moxifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution (0.5 mg/0.1 mL. The main outcome measures were anterior chamber reaction, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA, corneal endothelial cell count (ECC, and central corneal thickness (CCT.RESULTS:Fifty-five patients were recruited (26 males, 29 females. The mean age was 54.36±4.97y (range 45-64y. All eyes had improved postoperative BCVA. The mean BCVA was 0.25 preoperatively and 0.57 postoperatively, which was statistically significant (P<0.001. One eye had 3+, 7 eyes had 2+, 12 eyes had 1+ and 8 eyes had trace amount of aqueous cells on the first day after surgery. All eyes had no anterior chamber cells at subsequent follow up examinations. Effective phacoemulsification time was 4.33±1.01s. The mean ECC was 2340.20 cells/mm2 preoperatively and 1948.75 cells/mm2 1mo postoperatively (P<0.001. The increase of 21.09 µm in postoperative pachymetry 1mo after surgery was statistically significant (P<0.001.CONCLUSION: No untoward effects were observed after intracameral injection of moxifloxacin (0.5 mg/0.1 mL in terms of anterior chamber reaction, CCT, ECC, and visual rehabilitation at the conclusion of cataract surgery in patients with PKP.

  2. Observation of corneal endothelial cells in small incision phacoemulsification and phacoemulsification surgery in elderly hardcore cataract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Wang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To observe and compare the changes of corneal endothelial cells with after phacoemulsification and small incision non- phacoemulsification in elderly hard nuclear cataract.METHODS:In this retrospective analysis, the patients received small incision non-phacoemulsification cataract extraction combined with intraocular lens implantation were as group A, 36 cases(40 eyesand those underwent ultrasonic phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation were for group B, 38 cases(46 eyes. Operation time, preoperative, postoperative 1and 6mo, uncorrected visual acuity, corneal endothelial changes were compared.RESULTS: The operation time of the two groups had no significant difference. UCVA of postoperative 1mo was ? 0.5 after surgery, the difference between the two groups had statistical significance(?2=5.174, P=0.023. One month and 6mo after operation, the corneal endothelial cell counts of two groups were compared, with statistical significance(t=2.565, P=0.038; t=2.774, P=0.041and the difference of corneal endothelial cell loss rate between two groups had statistical significance(Pt=2.225, P=0.045; t=2.153, P=0.039. The coefficient variation of two groups had statistically significant difference(PCONCLUSION: Small incision non-phacoemulsification operation is a more safe and effective surgery method for treating elderly hardcore cataract patients.

  3. Barriers to follow-up for pediatric cataract surgery in Maharashtra, India: How regular follow-up is important for good outcome. The Miraj Pediatric Cataract Study II

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    Parikshit Gogate

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Regular follow up and amblyopia treatment are essential for good outcomes after pediatric cataract surgery. Aim: To study the regularity of follow-up after cataract surgery in children and to gauge the causes of poor compliance to follow up. Subjects: 262 children (393 cataracts who underwent cataract surgery in 2004-8. Materials and Methods: The children were identified and examined in their homes and a "barriers to follow-up" questionnaire completed. Demographic data collected, visual acuity estimated, and ocular examination performed. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 19. Results: Of the 262 children, only 53 (20.6% had been regularly following up with any hospital, 209 (79.4% had not. A total of 150 (57.3% were boys and the average age was 13.23 years (Std Dev 5 yrs. Poor follow up was associated with the older age group ( P 1 line with regular follow-up. Conclusion: Regular follow-up is important and improves vision; eye care practitioners need to take special efforts to ensure better follow-up.

  4. Spectrum and clinical profile of post cataract surgery endophthalmitis in North India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta Amit

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To determine the spectrum, clinical profile and risk factors for poor visual outcome in patients of post cataract surgery endophthalmitis. Methods: Data from 124 eyes were analysed. Various clinical and microbiological parameters were evaluated and risk factors for unfavourable outcome identified. Results: The mean age of the patients was 59.50±13.75 years; 60.5% were males. The median surgery-symptom interval was 7 days (mean 15.81±24.01 and the medium symptom-presentation interval 7.5 days (mean 14.19±19.13. Corneal infiltrates were seen in 29%, hypopyon in 62 (50%. Smear positivity was 52.5% and culture positivity 38%. Equivocal microbiological positivity was seen in 22 (18%, bacterial 12 (10%, fungal 27 (21.5%, polymicrobial 8 (6.5% and negative 55 (44%. 20% eyes had total loss of vision at last follow-up. Poor visual acuity at presentation, presence of intraocular lens, shorter surgery-symptom interval, corneal and surgical wound infiltrates, loss of red reflex, microbiological positivity of the vitreous tap and systemic diabetes mellitus were significant risk factors for unfavourable outcome. Conclusion: Our data highlights a low culture positivity and a predominance of fungal pathogens as a cause of post cataract surgery endophthalmitis. The visual outcome in these patients is still dismal and better treatment strategies should be evolved keeping in mind the microbiological spectrum. The risk factors identified may be helpful in prognosticating the outcome in such patients.

  5. Real-time task recognition in cataract surgery videos using adaptive spatiotemporal polynomials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quellec, Gwénolé; Lamard, Mathieu; Cochener, Béatrice; Cazuguel, Guy

    2015-04-01

    This paper introduces a new algorithm for recognizing surgical tasks in real-time in a video stream. The goal is to communicate information to the surgeon in due time during a video-monitored surgery. The proposed algorithm is applied to cataract surgery, which is the most common eye surgery. To compensate for eye motion and zoom level variations, cataract surgery videos are first normalized. Then, the motion content of short video subsequences is characterized with spatiotemporal polynomials: a multiscale motion characterization based on adaptive spatiotemporal polynomials is presented. The proposed solution is particularly suited to characterize deformable moving objects with fuzzy borders, which are typically found in surgical videos. Given a target surgical task, the system is trained to identify which spatiotemporal polynomials are usually extracted from videos when and only when this task is being performed. These key spatiotemporal polynomials are then searched in new videos to recognize the target surgical task. For improved performances, the system jointly adapts the spatiotemporal polynomial basis and identifies the key spatiotemporal polynomials using the multiple-instance learning paradigm. The proposed system runs in real-time and outperforms the previous solution from our group, both for surgical task recognition ( Az = 0.851 on average, as opposed to Az = 0.794 previously) and for the joint segmentation and recognition of surgical tasks ( Az = 0.856 on average, as opposed to Az = 0.832 previously). PMID:25373078

  6. A retrospective study of the indications and outcomes of capsular tension ring insertion during cataract surgery at a tertiary teaching hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang BZ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Bob Z Wang, Elsie Chan, Rasik B Vajpayee The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Background: The purpose was to determine preoperative indications, intraoperative procedures, and outcomes of capsular tension ring (CTR insertion during cataract surgery. Methods: A review of all patients undergoing cataract surgery with insertion of a CTR between July 2000 and June 2010 was conducted at The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, a large tertiary teaching hospital in Victoria, Australia. Information relating to each patient's demographic details, preoperative assessment, surgical procedure, and postoperative assessment were obtained. Results: Eighty-four eyes of 82 patients were included in this study. The main indications for CTR insertion were previous trauma, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, and mature cataracts. Twenty-one eyes (25.0% did not have any obvious preoperative indication. A posterior capsule tear was the most common intraoperative complication (3.6%. An intraocular lens was successfully implanted in the bag in 72 eyes (85.7%. Postoperatively, the most common complications were a decentered intraocular lens (8.3% and persistent corneal edema (6.0%. Overall, 61 eyes (72.6% had better postoperative visual acuity compared with preoperative acuity, with 67 patients (79.8% achieving vision of 20/40 or better. Conclusion: For the majority of cases, CTR use in complex cataract surgeries is associated with improved postoperative outcomes. CTR implantation is most commonly required in patients with known risk factors for zonular instability. Keywords: capsular tension ring, cataract extraction, indications, outcomes

  7. RABBIT GENERAL ANESTHESIA FOR CATARACT SURGERY USING CISATRACURIUM AS NEUROMUSCULAR BLOCKING DRUG. CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Cosmin TUTUNARU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Surgeries on rabbits are more and more frequently as they are used as pet animals and the owner is interested in their welfare. Cataract surgery is already a routine intervention in small animals as dogs and cats. This is why the aim of this study is to present a case study of a rabbit anesthesia for cataract surgery. Our subject was a three year old female laboratory rabbit which weight 2.07 kg. We premedicated him using butorphanol 0.4 mg/kg and midazolam 1 mg/kg subcutaneous 30 minutes before induction. To prevent sever bradicardia,we administered glycopyrrolate 0.01 mg/kg. Induction was realized using ketamine 10% and midazolam 0.5% mixed in the same volume and administered at a dose of 2 ml/kg. After induction the rabbit was intubated using blind technique and isoflurane was administered by the endotracheal tube. The rabbit was perfused at a rate of 20 ml/kg/h with Hartman solution, colloids and glucose all along anesthesia. To minimize the risk of cataract surgery we administered cisatracurium at a dose of 0,05 mg/kg as multiple boluses. Neuromuscular blockade was assessed using a standard peripheral nerve stimulator. Postoperative we administered enrofloxacine 5 mg/kg, meloxicam 0.2 mg/kg for postoperative analgesia and metoclopramide 0.5 mg/kg for digestive stimulation. Even if there is no dose given in literature for cisatracurium in rabbits, we concluded that it can be used with great success and with no incidence at a dose used for dogs and cats.

  8. PREOPERATIVE ORAL CODEINE EFFECT ON POSTOPERATIVE CAUGH CONTROL IN CATARACT SURGERY

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    H SOLTANI NEZHAD

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: cataract surgery is .one of the most common operation in ophthalmology. Post operative caught can lead to anterior chamber hemmorage and dehiscence of suture so we were going to finding a way to overcome to this problem. Method: This study is a clinical trial one which was done on 150 ASA 1, 2 patient that were over 45 years old age. These patient have cataract surgery under GA in Farabi Hospital of Esfahan medical university. All of the patient were intubated under direct laryngoscopy. Patients that have more of one laryngoscope, difficult intubation, thraceal intubation prolonged more than 15 seconds and those which have opiate addiction. We divided the patients into two 75 patient group by randomized selection. This study is double blind and 30mg codeine phosphate and placebo has given to the patient one hour preoperatively. Heart rate and systolic and diastolic, blood pressure has been recorded preoperatively, three minutes after intubation and three minutes after extubation respectively. Caught has been counted and recorded immediately. Five minutes and 30 minutes after extubation and results in contorol group are compared with the results in another group. Discussion: According to the statistical analysis t-student test, chi-square and non parametric test and Pvalue only changes in heart rate after extubation has been different in two groups and other findings make no difference in two groups. There was not any significant difference between two groups about age, sex, duration of surgery, preoperative mean heart rate and blood pressure. There was not any difference about mean number of coughs between two groups and according to this study oral codeine phosphate has administered preoperatively has not any effect on reducing postoperative caught in patients who have GA and tracheal incubation for cataract surgery.

  9. Transient leopard spot corneal endothelial staining with trypan blue during cataract surgery in a child with congenital rubella syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Andrew; Risma, Justin; Longmuir, Susannah

    2013-12-01

    We report the complication of corneal endothelial staining with trypan blue that limited the surgical view during cataract extraction in a 10-month-old boy. The boy had presented with a pigmentary retinopathy, microphthalmia, and a dense, white, unilateral congenital cataract. He was suspected of having, and was later diagnosed with, congenital rubella syndrome. We hypothesize that the corneal staining may have resulted from virally induced corneal endothelial damage. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of trypan blue adversely affecting congenital cataract surgery. PMID:24210344

  10. Finding community solutions to improve access and acceptance of cataract surgery, optical correction and follow up in children in Malawi

    OpenAIRE

    Khumbo Kalua; Francis Masiye; Vincent Jumbe; John Barrows; Victoria Sheffield

    2013-01-01

    Background: Late presentation to the hospital and poor post-operative follow-up after cataract surgery are associated with complications which compromise visual recovery and perpetuate disability among children with cataract. The objectives of the study were to understand the social, psychological and physical consequences of blindness in families, to understand why some parents with blind children access services and others do not, and to explore factors related to decision making withi...

  11. Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for preventing cystoid macular edema after cataract surgeries:a Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue-Jiao Xu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To systematic evaluate the preventive effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDson the cystoid macular edema(CMEafter the cataract surgery. METHODS:Searching literature which were published by March 2015 and which were the random control test(RCTon the preventive effect of NSAIDs on CME after the cataract surgery in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CNKI, Wanfang Data, Chongqing Weipu and Chinese biomedical literature database and through Internet with computer. Meanwhile, relevant articles, journals, conference papers and their reference were manually retrieved. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria,the study objects were limited.Revman5.0 software provided by the Cochrane Collaboration was used to analysis the incidence of CME after cataract surgeries.RESULTS:A total of 7 RCT were included in the study(1422 cases, 712 cases in the trial group, 710 cases in the control group. Using NSAIDs before and after cataract surgeries could significantly reduce the post-operative incidence of CME(OR=0.31, 95%CI:0.18?0.52, PCONCLUSION:Using NSAIDs before and after cataract surgeries can significantly reduce the incidence of postoperative CME. Due to the small sample size and the medium methodological quality, the conclusion is not powerful enough. More high-quality RCTs with larger sample size are needed to make the evaluation more objective, accurate and comprehensive.

  12. Cost-effectiveness analysis of cataract surgery: a global and regional analysis / Chirurgie de la cataracte: analyse de coût-efficacité à l'échelle mondiale et régionale / Costoeficacia de la cirugía de la catarata: análisis mundial y regional

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rob, Baltussen; Mariame, Sylla; Silvio P., Mariotti.

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar los efectos en la salud de la población, los costos y la costoeficacia de determinadas intervenciones de cirugía de la catarata en zonas del mundo que presentan distintos perfiles epidemiológicos. MÉTODOS: Las estimaciones de la eficacia se basan en una revisión de la literatura qu [...] e tiene en cuenta factores como el fracaso operatorio, las complicaciones y el incumplimiento por parte de los pacientes. Se aplicó un modelo de población para seguir el impacto de la operacion de catarata a todo lo largo de la vida en los individuos que se habían sometido a tal intervención. Las estimaciones de costos están basadas en datos primarios reunidos en 14 subregiones epidemiológicas por los equipos regionales de cálculo de costos y en una revisión de la literatura. Se usaron funciones de costos no lineales para estimar los costos asociados a distintos niveles de cobertura geográfica. RESULTADOS: Las operaciones de cirugía intracapsular y extracapsular de la catarata son un instrumento costoeficaz para reducir el impacto de la ceguera por catarata. La cirugía extracapsular es más costoeficaz que la intracapsular en todas las regiones consideradas. Proporcionando cirugía extracapsular a un 95% de quienes la necesitan (cobertura del 95%) se evitarían más de 3,5 millones de años de vida ajustados en función de la discapacidad (AVAD) cada año a nivel mundial. La costoeficacia varía entre 57 dólares internacionales (I$) por AVAD en la Región de Asia Sudoriental de la OMS, donde hay una alta mortalidad general de niños y adultos, y I$ 2307 por AVAD en la Región del Pacífico Occidental de la OMS, donde hay una baja mortalidad general de niños y adultos. CONCLUSIÓN: La cirugía extracapsular de la catarata, asegurando un alto nivel de cobertura, es la alternativa más costoeficaz para restablecer la vista en todas las subregiones epidemiológicas consideradas. Se alienta a los analistas de los países de cada región a que sigan contextualizando los resultados incorporando los parámetros específicos de su país. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To estimate the population health effects, costs and cost effectiveness of selected cataract surgery interventions in areas of the world with different epidemiological profiles. METHODS: Effectiveness estimates are based on a review of the literature taking into account factors such as op [...] erative failure, complications and patient non-compliance. A population model was applied to follow the lifelong impact on individuals having cataract surgery. Costing estimates are based on primary data collected in 14 epidemiological subregions by regional costing teams and on a literature review. Costings were estimated for different geographical coverage levels using non-linear cost functions. FINDINGS: Intra- and extra-capsular cataract surgeries are cost-effective ways to reduce the impact of cataract-blindness. Extra-capsular cataract surgery is more cost-effective than intra-capsular surgery in all regions considered. Providing extra-capsular cataract surgery to 95% of those who need it (95% coverage level) would avert over 3.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) per year globally. The cost-effectiveness ranges from 57 International dollars (I$) per DALY in the WHO South-East Asia Region where there is high overall child and adult mortality to I$ 2307 per DALY in the WHO Western Pacific Region where there is low overall child and adult mortality. CONCLUSION: Extra-capsular surgery for cataracts at a high level of coverage is the most cost-effective way of restoring sight in all epidemiological subregions considered. Analysts from countries within a region are encouraged to further contextualize the results based on their own country's specific parameters.

  13. The potential impact of a cataract surgery programme on the care of orphans and vulnerable children in Swaziland

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J, Pons; W, Mapham; B, Newsome; L, Myer; R, Anderson; P, Courtright; C, Cook.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available We aimed to evaluate the potential impact of a cataract surgery weeks after surgery, there was a sizable increase in the proportions programme at the Good Shepherd Hospital, Siteki, Swaziland, of subjects who were able to undertake self-care activities, attend on the care of orphans and vulnerable c [...] hildren in Swaziland. We to activities of daily living, undertake income-generating activities studied consecutive patients aged 50 years and older undergoing and care for children. Cataract surgery on elderly visually impaired surgery for age-related cataract who reported having children living patients has the potential to impact positively on the care of in their household. Of 131 subjects recruited, 65 (49.6%) were the orphans and vulnerable children. primary caregivers for the child(ren) in their household. Visual acuities measured 2 weeks after surgery significantly improved. Four weeks after surgery, there was a sizable increase in the proportions of subjects who were able to undertake self-care activities, attend to activities of daily living, undertake income-generating activities and care for children. Cataract surgery on elderly visually impaired patients has the potential to impact positively on the care of orphans and vulnerable children.

  14. Assessing patient satisfaction with cataract surgery under topical anesthesia supplemented by intracameral lidocaine combined with sedation

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    Manuela Bezerril Cipião Fernandes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: Ocular akinesia, the use of anticoagulants, and patient collaboration are some of the factors that must be taken into consideration when choosing the appropriate anesthesia for phacoemulsification cataract surgery. The satisfaction of patients with the use of topical anesthesia and conscious sedation for this procedure has not been enough described in Brazil. Conscious sedation allows patient walk and answer a voice command. To assess the satisfaction, pain, and perioperative hemodynamic alterations of patients subjected to phacoemulsification under conscious sedation and topical anesthesia supplemented with intracameral lidocaine. METHODS: Prospective cohort non-controlled study that included patients treated by the same surgical team over a 70-day period. Sedation was performed with midazolam at a total dose of 3 mg and topical anesthesia with 0.5% proxymetacaine chlorhydrate and 2% lidocaine gel combined with 2% lidocaine by intracameral route. The intraoperative vital parameters, scores based on the Iowa Satisfaction with Anesthesia Scale (ISAS, and the pain visual analog scale (VAS were recorded at several time points after surgery. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients were enroled in study (73.6% female, the mean age was 65.9 years. The surgical procedures lasted 11.2 minutes on average. The hemodynamic parameters did not exhibit significant changes at any of the investigated time points. The average ISAS score was 2.67 immediately after surgery and 2.99 eight hours after the surgery; this increase was statistically significant (p<0.0001. More than two-thirds (68.9% of the participants (73 patients did not report any pain in the transoperative period, and 98.1% of patients denied the occurrence of pain after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Patients that received topical anesthesia supplemented by intracameral lidocaine combined with sedation for phacoemulsification cataract surgery reported adequate level of satisfaction with the anesthetic choice. Furthermore, the patients exhibited hemodynamic parameter stability and pain control.

  15. Conjunctival bacterial flora and antibiotic resistance pattern in patients undergoing cataract surgery

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    Arantes Tiago Eugênio Faria e

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate the conjunctival bacterial flora and its antibiotic resistance pattern in eyes of patients undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: From August to October 2004, 50 patients undergoing cataract surgery in the "Fundação Altino Ventura", Recife, Brazil, were prospectively evaluated. Conjunctival material was obtained on the day of surgery, before the application of topical anesthetic, antibiotic or povidone-iodine. The collected material was inoculated and bacterioscopic analysis was carried out. In the cases where there was bacterial growth, antibiotic susceptibility tests and cultures, for isolation and identification of the bacteria, were performed. RESULTS: Of the 50 eyes, 43 (86.0% had positive cultures. The coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CNS, found in 27 (54.0% eyes, was the most frequent organism. More than 90% of the isolates of this bacterium were susceptible to cephalotin, vancomycin, chloramphenicol, ofloxacin and gatifloxacin; 70 to 90% were susceptible to gentamicin, cefotaxime, oxacillin and ciprofloxacin; and less than 70% were sensible to neomycin. Four (10.5% of the bacterial isolates were resistant to four or more antibiotics, two of them were CNS. CONCLUSION: The most frequent bacterium in the conjunctival flora is the coagulase-negative Staphylococcus. The isolates of this organism showed low susceptibility rate to neomycin, and high susceptibility rates to cephalotin, vancomycin, chloramphenicol, ofloxacin and gatifloxacin.

  16. Conjunctival bacterial flora and antibiotic resistance pattern in patients undergoing cataract surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the conjunctival bacterial flora and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern in eyes of patients undergoing cataract surgery. Conjunctival soap was obtained on the day of surgery before the application of topical anesthetic, antibiotic or povidone-iodine. Culture and antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed. The data was analysed with X/sup 2/ and T tests. Of the 170 patients 89 cases (52.4%) had positive cultures in the eyes. In 79 eyes (88.8%) found coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS). Eighty two cases (95.3%) of isolated Staphylococcus were susceptible to Amikacin, 86 (100%) sensitive to Ciprofloxacin and 42 (48.8%) sensitive to Ceftazidime. Average susceptibility and resistancy to antibiotics was 2.6 (+-1.8) antibiotics in women and 1.6(+-1.4) in men (P= 0.009). This study showed that the bacterium most frequently found in the conjunctival flora of the patients undergoing cataract surgery was CoNS. Isolates of this bacterium had low CoNS susceptibility rates to Caftazidime and Vancomycin and high susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin and Amikacin. (author)

  17. B - SCAN ULTRASONOGRAPHY BEFORE SURGERY I N EYES WITH ADVANCED CATARACTS: A USEFUL PROGNOSTIC TOOL

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    Jatin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND : Ocular ultrasonography is an important tool for evaluating the posterior segment in eyes with opaque media . In cases with dense cataract , where posterior segment evaluation by ophthalmoscopy is not possible , B - scan ultrasonography before surgery can help in surgical planning and guiding the expectations of patients . PURPOSE : To determine the relevance and prevalence of posterior segment abnormalities in patients with dense ca taracts prior to surgery by ultrasonography . DESIGN : Prospective diagnostic study . METHODS : Diagnostic B - scan ultrasound was performed on 158 eyes of 132 patients with dense cataract precluding visualization of fundus on ophthalmoscopy from January 2013 to December 2013 . Patients were divided in two groups , traumatic ( 22 and non - traumatic ( 136 . Patients in the age range of 1 to 79 years of both sexes were included . Detailed history and some basic eye examination techniques , like slit lamp and tonometry we re done . Patients having already posterior segment lesions and those who had previous history of ocular surgery were excluded from the study . RESULTS : 26 ( 16 . 4% patients , out of total 158 patients , had posterior segment lesions . Among traumatic group of 22 patients , 15 ( 68 . 1% had positive posterior segment lesions , while only 11 ( 8% patients in the non - traumatic group of 136 patients had positive posterior segment lesions . Out of the 26 positive cases , retinal detachment was found in 8 ( 5% patients , 7 ( 4 . 4% had posterior vitreous detachment , 7 ( 4 . 4% had vitreous hemorrhage , 2 ( 1 . 26% had retinal detachment with vitreous hemorrhage , 1 ( 0 . 63% had asteroid hyalosis , 1 ( 0 . 63% had intra - ocular foreign body . CONCLUSION : We concluded that B - scan ultrasound has sign ificant importance in the preoperative evaluation of patients with dense cataracts to detect pathologies that may influence the surgical strategy and the postoperative visual prognosis .

  18. Delayed Descemet's membrane detachment after successful cataract surgery: a case report

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    Aileen Walsh

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The detachment of Descemet's membrane can be a serious complication following cataract surgery, leading to severe corneal edema and reduced visual acuity. This report describes an unusual case of Descemet's membrane detachment 6 months after successful phacoemulsification, documented by anterior segment optic coherence tomography (OCT; RTVue, Optovue. The eye was treated successfully with pneumatic descemetopexy and transcorneal suturing, with reattachment of Descemet's membrane. This report should alert physicians that delayed corneal edema can be related to late-onset Descemet's membrane detachment, which requires proper treatment to avoid permanent corneal decompensation.

  19. Symbolic algebra approach to the calculation of intraocular lens power following cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjelmstad, David P.; Sayegh, Samir I.

    2013-03-01

    We present a symbolic approach based on matrix methods that allows for the analysis and computation of intraocular lens power following cataract surgery. We extend the basic matrix approach corresponding to paraxial optics to include astigmatism and other aberrations. The symbolic approach allows for a refined analysis of the potential sources of errors ("refractive surprises"). We demonstrate the computation of lens powers including toric lenses that correct for both defocus (myopia, hyperopia) and astigmatism. A specific implementation in Mathematica allows an elegant and powerful method for the design and analysis of these intraocular lenses.

  20. Restoring sight: how cataract surgery improves the lives of older adults

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Polack

    2008-01-01

    The fundamental aim of most ophthalmic interventions in later life is to improve the quality of patients' lives, whether through sight-restoring cataract surgery or the provision of visual aids. Amidst the pressures of targets, outputs, and backlogs, this may be all too easily forgotten. It is therefore important to step back and remember just how important good vision is in the lives of older adults.Vision loss has a major negative impact on the quality of older people's lives. Sight remains...

  1. Cataract surgery in a population-based cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grauslund, Jakob; Green, Anders; Sjølie, Anne K

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT. Purpose: To estimate the long-term cumulative incidence of cataract surgery and associated risk factors in a 25-year follow-up of a population-based cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes. Methods: Based on insulin prescriptions, a population-based cohort of 727 patients with type 1 diabetes was identified in 1973. In 1981-1982 diabetic retinopathy was graded and other markers of diabetes were measured in 573 patients who participated in a clinical baseline examination. Based on data ...

  2. Effect of heparin in the intraocular irrigating solution on postoperative inflammation in the pediatric cataract surgery

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    Yelda B Özkurt

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Yelda B Özkurt, Arzu Taskiran, Nadire Erdogan, Baran Kandemir, Ömer K Dog?anDepartment of Ophthalmology, Kartal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, TurkeyPurpose: To evaluate the influence of irrigation of the anterior chamber with heparin sodium on postoperative inflammation after pediatric cataract surgery. Setting: Kartal Training and Research Hospital, First Eye Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.Design: Randomized prospective double-blind study.Methods: Fourteen consecutive eyes from 14 patients aged 8.9 ± 5.9 years, (range 3–18 years (group 1 and 19 eyes from 19 patients aged 9.1 ± 5.2 (range 1.5–18 years (group 2 underwent pediatric cataract surgery. Five patients in group 1 were between three and five years old. One patient was 1.5 years old and six patients in group 2 were between three and five years old. During the procedure, group 1 received anterior chamber irrigation with heparin sodium (5 IU/cc and 1 ml of heparin sodium (concentration 10 IU/ml added to the irrigating balanced salt solution (BSS Plus; Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX, USA while group 2 received BSS without heparin sodium only. Cases aged under three years received anterior vitrectomy in addition to posterior capsulorrhexis. One eye received anterior vitrectomy in group 1 and two eyes received anterior vitrectomy in group 2. Cases with preoperative complications were not included in the study. Early and late postoperative inflammatory complications, including fibrin formation, anterior and posterior synechia, cyclitic and pupillary membrane formation were recorded and compared.Results: Mild anterior chamber reaction was observed in three patients in Group 1, while nine cases in group 2 experienced marked anterior chamber reaction. In four of nine patients from group 2, anterior chamber reaction was severe and resulted in pupillary membrane and synechia despite treatment in the postoperative 7th day, while in all three cases in group 1, reaction disappeared by the 7th day.Conclusion: Anterior chamber irrigation with heparin during pediatric cataract surgery may minimize early inflammatory reaction and decrease the number of postoperative inflammatory related complications.Keywords: pediatric, cataract, surgery, inflammation

  3. Understanding Cataract Risk in Aerospace Flight Crew And Review of Mechanisms of Cataract Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Jeffrey A.; McCarten, M.; Manuel, K.; Djojonegoro, B.; Murray, J.; Cucinotta, F.; Feiversen, A.; Wear, M.

    2006-01-01

    Induction of cataracts by occupational exposure in flight crew has been an important topic of interest in aerospace medicine in the past five years, in association with numerous reports of flight-associated disease incidences. Due to numerous confounding variables, it has been difficult to determine if there is increased cataract risk directly caused by interaction with the flight environment, specifically associated with added radiation exposure during flight. Military aviator records from the United States Air Force (USAF) and Navy (USN) and US astronauts at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center (JSC) were evaluated for the presence, location and age of diagnosis of cataracts. Military aviators were found to have a statistically significant younger average age of onset of their cataracts compared with astronauts, however the incidence density of cataracts was found to be statistically higher in astronauts than in military aviators. USAF and USN aviator s cataracts were most commonly located in the posterior subcapsular region of the lens while astronauts cataracts were most likely to originate generally in the cortical zone. A prospective clinical trial which controls for confounding variables in examination technique, cataract classification, diet, exposure, and pharmacological intervention is needed to determine what percentage of the risk for cataracts are due to radiation, and how to best develop countermeasures to protect flight crews from radiation bioeffects in the future.

  4. Cataract surgery with a mid-infrared endo-laser system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ren, Qiushi; Simon, Gabriel; Gailitis, Raymond P.; Parel, Jean-Marie A.

    1992-08-01

    With most current cataract surgery techniques, an intraocular lens (IOL) is implanted in the capsular bag to emetropize the eye for distance vision. Modern IOLs are made of flexible materials (e.g., silicone and acrylic elastomers) allowing the surgeon to fold and insert the IOL through a smaller limbal incision (4 mm), thus reducing the number of sutures. When using a scleral pocket technique, suturing of such small wounds might not be required. Recently, IOLs having 2 foci (multifocal IOLs) have been introduced. These implants give the patient a second focal plane at normal reading distance, but the double image reduces both visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. However, with all present surgical techniques, the patient loses the natural ability to accommodate. By directing laser energy into a flexible fiber, cataract removal might be performed endoscopically while minimizing trauma to healthy tissue. Bath successfully demonstrated the use of the 308 nm XeCl excimer laser for cataract removal. A significant drawback, however, lies in the fluorescence induced by the 308 nm laser pulses which may cause significant retinal damage. The use of UV radiation also raises serious concerns about carcinogenesis and cataractogenesis risk to both the patient and the surgeon.

  5. Research on refractive status characteristics and anterior chamber depth after cataract surgery

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    Xiao-Cheng Feng

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To study the refractive status characteristics aftser cataract surgery and the correlation between preoperative anterior chamber depth(ACDand refractive status.METHODS: Ninety-six cases of patients with cataract were randomly divided into two groups. The patients in phacoemulsification group were treated with phacoemulsification combined intraocular lens(IOLimplantation while the patients in small incision group were treated by small incision extracapsular cataract extraction combined with IOL implantation. Changes in ACD and postoperative refractive status and refractive fully corrected value were counted and the correlation of them were analyzed.RESULTS: ACD of the phacoemulsification group s deepened 0.74mm while that of the small incision group deepened 0.78mm after treatment and there was no significant difference(P>0.05. After operation, the ACD of two groups significantly deepened(PPP>0.05. CONCLUSION: ACD is significant deepened after operation. Surgeon needs full consideration of changes to improve the refractive IOL calculation accuracy.

  6. Refractive results of cataract surgery using optical biometry and Haigis formula in eyes with refractive keratotomy

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    Juan Carlos Sánchez Caballero

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze refractive results in postoperative cataract surgery in eyes previously submitted to keratotomy using Haigis formula and data provided by IOL Master®optical biometer. METHODS: The measurements for IOL calculation were obtained through optical biometry by partial coherence interferometry (IOL Master®- Zeiss, 5.4 and 5.5 version that provides us with the axial length, the central keratometry of 2.5mm, white-to-white diameter and anterior chamber anatomical depth. The formula chosen was Haigis. The surgical technique applied was with the scleral incision at 1.5 mm from the limbus, with scleral-corneal tunnel of 2.2 mm wide, phacoemulsification using INFINITI Ozil®- Alcon and implantation of hydrophobic acrylic aspheric intraocular lens - SN60WF®- Alcon. RESULTS: We studied 20 eyes submitted to keratotomy in the past and currently with cataract with indication for cataract surgerywith intraocular lens implantation using phacoemulsification. Postoperative spherical equivalent was plano in 40% of the eyes and lower than -1.00 in 85% of the eyes. CONCLUSION: The optical biometry by partial coherence interferometry associated with Haigis formula is a valid alternative in IOL calculation for eyes submitted to keratotomy. The refractive results are highly predictable and reproducible.

  7. Effects of regulated competition on key outcomes of care: cataract surgeries in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heijink, Richard; Mosca, Ilaria; Westert, Gert

    2013-11-01

    Similar to several other countries, the Netherlands implemented market-oriented health care reforms in recent years. Previous studies raised questions on the effects of these reforms on key outcomes such as quality, costs, and prices. The empirical evidence is up to now mixed. This study looked at the variation in prices, volume, and quality of cataract surgeries since the introduction of price competition in 2006. We found no price convergence over time and constant price differences between hospitals. Quality indicators generally showed positive results in cataract care, though the quality and scope of the indicators was suboptimal at this stage. Furthermore, we found limited between-hospital variation in quality and there was no clear-cut relation between prices and quality. Volume of cataract care strongly increased in the period studied. These findings indicate that health insurers may not have been able to drive prices down, make trade-offs between price and quality, and selectively contract health care without usable quality information. Positive results coming out from the 2006 reform should not be taken for granted. Looking forward, future research on similar topics and with newer data should clarify the extent to which these findings can be generalized. PMID:23827262

  8. Effect of prior cataract surgery on the long-term outcome of selective laser trabeculoplasty

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    Tarek A Shazly

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Tarek A Shazly1, Mark A Latina2, John J Dagianis3, Satyakant Chitturi41Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 2Reading Health Center, Reading, MA, USA; 3Nashua Eye Associates, Nashua, NH, USA; 4Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, IndiaObjective: To determine if pseudophakia affects selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT intraocular pressure (IOP lowering effect.Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 94 eyes of 75 consecutive patients who underwent SLT as primary treatment for ocular hypertension and primary open-angle glaucoma between 2002 and 2005 and completed at least 30 months follow up. Patients were excluded if they required additional glaucoma medications, laser, or ocular surgery during the follow-up period. Patients were categorized as phakics or pseudophakics. Independent-samples t-test was performed to compare the mean percentage of IOP reduction at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 30 months after SLT between the phakic and pseudophakic groups.Results: Seventy-six phakic and 18 pseudophakic eyes were included. IOP reduction in phakic group was 27.4% (2 week, 29.8% (3 months, 27.7% (9 months, 27.4% at (12 months and 27.3% at (30 months. In pseudophakic patients, the mean IOP reduction was 19.8% (2 weeks, 26.5% (3 months, 23.2% (9 months, 22.5% (12 months, and 25.9% (30 months. An independent-sample t-test compared the percentage of IOP reduction between the phakic and pseudophakic groups and revealed higher percentage of IOP reduction in the phakic group at 2 weeks by 7.6% (P = 0.01. P value for difference was 0.34 (3 months, 0.25 (6 months, 0.18 (9 months, 0.12 (12 months, 0.36 (18 months, and 0.7 (30 months after SLT.Conclusions: SLT response was delayed in pseudophakic compared to phakic patients, while the long-term effectiveness of SLT is the same in both groups.Keywords: intraocular pressure, pseudophakic, cataract surgery

  9. Use of a grading system in the evaluation of complications in a randomised controlled trial on cataract surgery. Oxford Cataract Treatment and Evaluation Team (OCTET).

    OpenAIRE

    1986-01-01

    A randomised controlled trial in progress for more than five years assessed 333 eyes by three methods of cataract surgery. These were (A) intracapsular extraction and contact lens usage; (B) intracapsular extraction and implantation of an iris supported lens (Federov I); and (C) extracapsular extraction and implantation of an iridocapsular lens (Binkhorst 2-loop). This paper reports the use of a weighting scale for rank scoring complications which are dissimilar or are mutually exclusive (for...

  10. Situation analysis of cataract surgery in poverty-stricken region of Yixing in Jiangsu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huan Yang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To explore the feasibility and evaluation on prevention of blindness in poverty-stricken region of Yixing led by the People's Hospital.METHODS: By respectively comparing poverty-relief(hereafter referred to as povertypatients in poverty-stricken region with the patients in urban district(hereafter referred to as urbanin the following aspects: the situation of visual blindness and the visual disability before surgery and the situation of vision rehabilitation and getting rid of visual disability after operation, and then the differences were analyzed as the standard: blindness was vision less than 0.05, visual disablity was vision less than 0.3 and vision rehabilitation was postoperative vision equal to or more than 0.05 and getting rid of visual disability was postoperative vision equal to or more than 0.3. The differences were compared between the cataract surgery situation in poverty-stricken region led by our hospital and the requirements of “The prevention of blindness project for millions of poor cataract patients” during the twelfth five-year. RESULTS: There were 72 cases in the poverty group, including 41 cases of blindness and 70 cases of visual disability, while totally 210 cases were in the urban group, including 111 cases of visual blindness and 200 cases of visual disability. There were no difference between the poverty group and urban group in the visual blindness(?2=1.344, P?2=0.146, P?2=0.236, P?2=0.846, PCONCLUSION: “The prevention of blindness project for millions of poor cataract patients” has been carried out smoothly in our hospital which proves that we do have the ability to undertake the prevention of blindness in our city, but there is still some deficiency to be improved.

  11. Curative effects of small incision cataract surgery versus phacoemulsification: a Meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang-Jian Yang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the curative efficacy of small incision cataract surgery(SICSversus phacoemulsification(Phaco.METHODS: A computerized literature search was carried out in Chinese Biomedical Database(CBM, Wanfang Data, VIP and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKIto collect articles published between 1989-2013 concerning the curative efficacy of SICS versus Phaco. The studies were assessed in terms of clinical case-control criteria. Meta-analysis were performed to assess the visual acuity, the complications rates between SICS and Phaco 90 days after surgery. Treatment effects were measured as risk difference(RDbetween SICS and Phaco. Fixed and random effect models were employed to combine results after a heterogeneity test. RESULTS:A total of 8 studies were included in our Meta-analysis. At 90 days postoperative time, there were no significant differences between the two groups at the visual acuity >0.5(P=0.14; and no significant differences on the complications rates of corneal astigmatism, corneal edema, posterior capsular rupture and anterior iris reaction(P>0.05.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that there is no different on the curative effects of SICS and Phaco for cataract.

  12. Incidence of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery (2002-2008 at a Brazilian university-hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Barreto Melo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report on the incidence, diagnostic technique, and microbiological features of endophthalmitis at a university-setting in Brazil. Methods: All cases of presumed postoperative endophthalmitis from 2002 to 2008 at a teaching-hospital were included. Main data assessed were: number of cataract surgeries performed, incidence of endophthalmitis, microbiological outcome (aqueous and/or vitreous culture and Gram staining, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of the positive cases. Results: Seventy-three eyes of 73 patients (43 females and 30 males developed endophthalmitis after 24,590 cataract surgeries. The incidence decreased from 0.49% in 2003 to 0.17% in 2006 and stabilized afterwards. Coagulase negative Staphylococci (CoNS and Streptococcus viridans (56.5% and 15%, respectively were the most common bacterial isolates. Culture and Gram stain were negative in 36.9%. CoNS presented susceptibility rates of 80%-sensitivity to oxacillin, 90% to fourth-generation quinolones and 100% to vancomycin. Conclusions: The rate of endophthalmitis, diagnostic ability of conventional laboratory investigation, microbial isolates and antibiotic susceptibility are in accordance with other findings of the literature. Despite using prophylactic antibiotic drops, it was possible to identify cases that were susceptible to the antibiotics topically applied.

  13. Continuous Curvilinear Capsulorhexis in Cataract Surgery Using a Modified 3-Bend Cystotome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Yuan; Gao, Jian-hua

    2015-01-01

    We modified a 2-bend cystotome for continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) in manual or phacoemulsification cataract surgery to improve the safety and ease of performance. A 26G needle was converted into a cystotome with 3 bends. In this retrospective study, the performance of modified 3-bend cystotome was compared with conventional 2-bend cystotome. During cataract surgery, in the 3-bend cystotome group, mean completion time of CCC was shorter, mean times of viscoelastic agent supplement were less, and CCC success rate was higher than that in 2-bend group. Complication incidence, such as postoperative transient corneal edema and irreparable V-shaped tear, was also lower in 3-bend group. No posterior capsular rupture or no other complication was observed in either group. A polymethyl methacrylate intraocular lens or a hydrogel intraocular lens was implanted in the capsular bag in all eyes. We conclude that it is safe and efficient to accomplish a CCC using the 3-bend cystotome due to its ability to sustain the anterior chamber depth (ACD) and keep the posterior lip intact. Using the 3-bend cystotome also allowed for an adequate view into the anterior chamber from lack of wound deformation. PMID:26509078

  14. Evaluation of response variables in computer-simulated virtual cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Söderberg, Per G.; Laurell, Carl-Gustaf; Simawi, Wamidh; Nordqvist, Per; Skarman, Eva; Nordh, Leif

    2006-02-01

    We have developed a virtual reality (VR) simulator for phacoemulsification (phaco) surgery. The current work aimed at evaluating the precision in the estimation of response variables identified for measurement of the performance of VR phaco surgery. We identified 31 response variables measuring; the overall procedure, the foot pedal technique, the phacoemulsification technique, erroneous manipulation, and damage to ocular structures. Totally, 8 medical or optometry students with a good knowledge of ocular anatomy and physiology but naive to cataract surgery performed three sessions each of VR Phaco surgery. For measurement, the surgical procedure was divided into a sculpting phase and an evacuation phase. The 31 response variables were measured for each phase in all three sessions. The variance components for individuals and iterations of sessions within individuals were estimated with an analysis of variance assuming a hierarchal model. The consequences of estimated variabilities for sample size requirements were determined. It was found that generally there was more variability for iterated sessions within individuals for measurements of the sculpting phase than for measurements of the evacuation phase. This resulted in larger required sample sizes for detection of difference between independent groups or change within group, for the sculpting phase as compared to for the evacuation phase. It is concluded that several of the identified response variables can be measured with sufficient precision for evaluation of VR phaco surgery.

  15. Real-time segmentation and recognition of surgical tasks in cataract surgery videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quellec, Gwénolé; Lamard, Mathieu; Cochener, Béatrice; Cazuguel, Guy

    2014-12-01

    In ophthalmology, it is now common practice to record every surgical procedure and to archive the resulting videos for documentation purposes. In this paper, we present a solution to automatically segment and categorize surgical tasks in real-time during the surgery, using the video recording. The goal would be to communicate information to the surgeon in due time, such as recommendations to the less experienced surgeons. The proposed solution relies on the content-based video retrieval paradigm: it reuses previously archived videos to automatically analyze the current surgery, by analogy reasoning. Each video is segmented, in real-time, into an alternating sequence of idle phases, during which no clinically-relevant motions are visible, and action phases. As soon as an idle phase is detected, the previous action phase is categorized and the next action phase is predicted. A conditional random field is used for categorization and prediction. The proposed system was applied to the automatic segmentation and categorization of cataract surgery tasks. A dataset of 186 surgeries, performed by ten different surgeons, was manually annotated: ten possibly overlapping surgical tasks were delimited in each surgery. Using the content of action phases and the duration of idle phases as sources of evidence, an average recognition performance of Az = 0.832 ± 0.070 was achieved. PMID:25055383

  16. Visual outcome of uveitic cataract in Ibadan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fasina, O; Bekibele, C O

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors responsible for poor visual outcome in patients who had surgery for cataract due to uveitis in our subpopulation. A nonrandomized retrospective chart review of 28 patients (28 eyes) diagnosed with uveitic cataract that had cataract surgery between June 2001 and May 2007 at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria was carried out. All had extracapsular cataract extraction with or without IOL implantation. The outcome measure was post-operative best corrected visual acuity. Over 60% of our patients achieved final best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 6/18 or better. The major causes of poor vision were posterior capsule opacity (PCO) in 6 patients, cystoid macular oedema (CMO) in 2 patients and pre-existing chorioretinal scar in 1 patient. We conclude that post uveitic cataract surgery results in good visual outcome with few complications in Ibadan. PMID:21735999

  17. Emotional factors prior to cataract surgery / Fatores emocionais antecedentes à cirurgia de catarata

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberta, Marback; Edméa, Temporini; Newton, Kara Júnior.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Identificar fatores emocionais relacionados às dificuldades cotidianas e ao tratamento cirúrgico entre portadores de catarata de hospital universitário. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se estudo observacional transversal descritivo, por meio de questionário estruturado, aplicado por entrevista, elaborad [...] o a partir de estudo exploratório. A amostra foi formada por pacientes atendidos pelo setor de catarata da clínica oftalmológica de um hospital universitário. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi constituída por 110 sujeitos de ambos os sexos (34,5% homens; 65,5% mulheres), com idade entre 43 e 89 anos, ± 10,3 anos. Quanto à escolaridade, 26,4% nunca freqüentaram escola, 59,1% se distribuíram entre 1ª e 8ª série (1º grau); 87,3% não exerciam atividade remunerada. A maior proporção dos entrevistados referiu dificuldades cotidianas devido à afecção ocular (82,7%). Quanto ao medo em relação à cirurgia de catarata, 54,0% mencionaram medo de perder a visão. Foram registrados sentimentos/significações em relação ao procedimento cirúrgico: dúvida quanto ao resultado (32,7%), angústia (26,4%), tristeza (25,5%). CONCLUSÕES: A maioria dos entrevistados referiu dificuldades nas atividades cotidianas como conseqüência da catarata. Medo foi sentimento predominante entre os respondentes. Esses fatos sugerem necessidade de implementação de ações junto a pacientes, visando preparo emocional para enfrentamento das atividades cotidianas e da cirurgia de catarata. Abstract in english PURPOSE: Identification of emotional factors related to daily difficulties and surgical treatment among patients with cataract at a university hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out by means of a questionnaire, elaborated based on a previous study. The sample consisted of patient [...] s seen at the cataract unit of the ophthalmology clinic of a university hospital. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 110 individuals of both sexes (34.5% men; 65.5% women) between the ages of 43 and 89 (average 69.0 ± 10.3 years); 26.4% had never attended school, 59.1% had primary education, and 87.3% had no payed occupation. Most of the patients reported daily difficulties due to their ocular condition (82.7%), and 54.0% reported fear of visual loss. Doubt as to the outcome (32.7%), distress (26.4%), and sadness (25.5%) were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the patients reported difficulties in daily activities as a consequence of cataract. Fear was the predominant feeling related to undergoing surgery. The findings suggest the need for implementing intervention courses for emotional preparation for facing daily activities and cataract surgery.

  18. The Impact of Successful Cataract Surgery on Quality of Life, Household Income and Social Status in South India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenwick, Eva; Balasubramaniam, Bharath; Ramani, Ramanathan V.; Holz, Frank G.; Gilbert, Clare E.

    2012-01-01

    Background To explore the hypothesis that sight restoring cataract surgery provided to impoverished rural communities will improve not only visual acuity and vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) but also poverty and social status. Methods Participants were recruited at outreach camps in Tamil Nadu, South India, and underwent free routine manual small incision cataract surgery (SICS) with intra-ocular lens (IOL) implantation, and were followed up one year later. Poverty was measured as monthly household income, being engaged in income generating activities and number of working household members. Social status was measured as rates of re-marriage amongst widowed participants. VRQoL was measured using the IND-VFQ-33. Associations were explored using logistic regression (SPSS 19). Results Of the 294 participants, mean age ± standard deviation (SD) 60±8 years, 54% men, only 11% remained vision impaired at follow up (67% at baseline; pcataract surgery were less likely to remain in the lower categories of monthly household income (OR 0.05–0.22; psurgery (OR 3.28; p?=?0.006). Participants widowed at baseline who had successful cataract surgery were less likely to remain widowed at one year (OR 0.02; p?=?0.008). Conclusion These findings indicate the broad positive impact of sight restoring cataract surgery on the recipients’ as well as their families’ lives. Providing free high quality cataract surgery to marginalized rural communities will not only alleviate avoidable blindness but also - to some extent - poverty in the long run. PMID:22952945

  19. Cancelamento de cirurgias de catarata em um hospital público de referência / Cancellation of cataract surgery in a public hospital

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Micheli Patrícia de Fátima, Magri; Rodrigo França de, Espíndola; Marcony Rodrigues de, Santhiago; Elisabeth Frolich, Mercadante; Newton, Kara Júnior.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a incidência e causas de cancelamento de cirurgias de catarata em um hospital público de referência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo em que foram analisados o número de cancelamentos de facectomias durante o ano de 2009. Foram analisados sexo, idade, tipo de procedime [...] nto suspenso (facoemulsificação ou extração extracapsular do cristalino), tipo de anestesia, convênio (Sistema Único de Saúde ou convênio/particular) e motivo de suspensão da cirurgia (causas clínicas, institucionais ou pessoais). RESULTADOS: Foram agendadas no período 2.965 cirurgias de catarata, havendo 650 cancelamentos (21,92%). Dentre as principais razões para a suspensão do procedimento destacaram-se as causas clínicas (86,90%). Os meses de inverno apresentaram os maiores índices de suspensão de cirurgias de catarata. CONCLUSÃO: A taxa de cancelamento de cirurgia de catarata em serviços públicos parece ser a mesma que há 10 anos. A principal causa de suspensão deve-se por condições clínicas (hipertensão, diabetes, falta de exames, etc.). Abstract in english PURPOSE: To report the incidence and causes of cataract surgery cancellations in a public hospital. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, which examined the number of cancellations of cataract surgery during 2009. We analyzed the type of procedure suspended (phacoemulsification or extracapsular ex [...] traction), type of anesthesia, gender, age, covenant (public/private) and the main reasons for suspension of the surgeries (clinical causes, institutional or personal). RESULTS: We analyzed 2,965 scheduled cataract surgeries, with 650 cancellations (21.92%). The main reason for the suspension of the procedure was clinical causes (86.90%). The winter months had the highest suspension rates of cataract surgery. CONCLUSION: The cancellation rate of cataract surgery in Brazilian public system seems to be the same as 10 years ago. The main cause of the suspension should be in clinical conditions (hypertension, diabetes, lack of exams, etc.).

  20. Cancelamento de cirurgias de catarata em um hospital público de referência Cancellation of cataract surgery in a public hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Micheli Patrícia de Fátima Magri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a incidência e causas de cancelamento de cirurgias de catarata em um hospital público de referência. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo em que foram analisados o número de cancelamentos de facectomias durante o ano de 2009. Foram analisados sexo, idade, tipo de procedimento suspenso (facoemulsificação ou extração extracapsular do cristalino, tipo de anestesia, convênio (Sistema Único de Saúde ou convênio/particular e motivo de suspensão da cirurgia (causas clínicas, institucionais ou pessoais. RESULTADOS: Foram agendadas no período 2.965 cirurgias de catarata, havendo 650 cancelamentos (21,92%. Dentre as principais razões para a suspensão do procedimento destacaram-se as causas clínicas (86,90%. Os meses de inverno apresentaram os maiores índices de suspensão de cirurgias de catarata. CONCLUSÃO: A taxa de cancelamento de cirurgia de catarata em serviços públicos parece ser a mesma que há 10 anos. A principal causa de suspensão deve-se por condições clínicas (hipertensão, diabetes, falta de exames, etc..PURPOSE: To report the incidence and causes of cataract surgery cancellations in a public hospital. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, which examined the number of cancellations of cataract surgery during 2009. We analyzed the type of procedure suspended (phacoemulsification or extracapsular extraction, type of anesthesia, gender, age, covenant (public/private and the main reasons for suspension of the surgeries (clinical causes, institutional or personal. RESULTS: We analyzed 2,965 scheduled cataract surgeries, with 650 cancellations (21.92%. The main reason for the suspension of the procedure was clinical causes (86.90%. The winter months had the highest suspension rates of cataract surgery. CONCLUSION: The cancellation rate of cataract surgery in Brazilian public system seems to be the same as 10 years ago. The main cause of the suspension should be in clinical conditions (hypertension, diabetes, lack of exams, etc..

  1. Analyses of cataract surgery performed by the Unified Health System in Brazil, 2006-2007 Análisis de las intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas efectuadas en el Sistema Único de Salud del Brasil en el 2006 y el 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Ligia Santos Abreu Caligaris; Norma Helen Medina; Lansingh, Van C; Eliseu Alves Waldman; Fernando Yaacov-Peña

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Estimate cataract surgical rates (CSR) for Brazil and each federal unit in 2006 and 2007 based on the number of surgeries performed by the Unified Health System to help plan a comprehensive ophthalmology network in order to eliminate cataract blindness in compliance with the target set by the World Health Organization (WHO) of 3 000 cataract surgeries per million inhabitants per year. METHODS: This descriptive study calculates CSR by using the number of cataract surgeries carried o...

  2. A comparative study of complications of cataract surgery with phacoemulsification in eyes with high and normal axial length

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Fesharaki

    2012-01-01

    Conclusions: As the results illustrate, in this survey, age and high axial length were statistically significant risk factors for incidence of intraoperative complications of cataract surgery with phacoemulsification technique. Anticipation of these complications and also preparation and prophylactic measures may decrease incidence of these complications.

  3. Conjunctival bacterial flora and antibiotic resistance pattern in patients undergoing cataract surgery Flora bacteriana conjuntival e padrão de resistência a antibióticos em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago Eugênio Faria e Arantes; Ronald Fonseca Cavalcanti; Maria de Fátima Alves Diniz; Maiara Santos Severo; João Lins Neto; Célia Maria Machado Barbosa de Castro

    2006-01-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the conjunctival bacterial flora and its antibiotic resistance pattern in eyes of patients undergoing cataract surgery. METHODS: From August to October 2004, 50 patients undergoing cataract surgery in the "Fundação Altino Ventura", Recife, Brazil, were prospectively evaluated. Conjunctival material was obtained on the day of surgery, before the application of topical anesthetic, antibiotic or povidone-iodine. The collected material was inoculated and bacterioscopic analys...

  4. Visual performance of Acrysof ReSTOR compared with a monofocal intraocular lens following implantation in cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Ji, Jing; HUANG, XIAOLIN; Fan, Xianqun; Luo, Min

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the visual performance of Acrysof ReSTOR and Acrysof Natural intraocular lenses (IOLs) following cataract surgery. A randomized prospective study was performed in which 64 eyes (51 patients) were divided randomly into two groups. Monofocal IOLs (Acrysof Natural) were implanted into 34 eyes (27 patients) and multifocal IOLs (Acrysof ReSTOR) were implanted into 30 eyes (24 patients) using phacoemulsification surgery. The corrected distance visual acuity, nea...

  5. Schlieren visualization of fluid dynamics phenomena during phacosonication in cataract surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serafino, Gabriella; Piuzzi, Barbara; Sanguinetti, G.; Sirotti, C.; Sirotti, Paolo; Tognetto, D.

    2005-03-01

    In ultrasonic phacoemulsification during cataract surgery the lens material fragmentation has been described as being caused by a combination of several mechanisms. The different theories involve tip vibration, acoustic waves produced by the tip, particles and liquids impact on the surface of the lens and cavitation. However the mechanisms are still not clear. To better understand phaco-related phenomena we have tried to produce a description in term of images of the cataract phacoemulsification procedure. An expanded and collimated laser diode beam transilluminates a transparent tube containing a liquid medium. The machine is activated separating the different phases of irrigation, aspiration and phacosonication. Fluid turbulences and phenomena related to the tip vibration constitute the phase images, visualized using Schlieren or similar techniques. The optical Fourier transform is filtered by a blade or by a black dot. The filtered transform is reconstructed into the visualized phase image and this is acquired by a digital image processing system. The presence of acoustic cavitation and possibly of ultrasonic radiation has been revealed. The technique promises to be a possible means for evaluation of single phaco apparatus power setting and comparison between different machines in terms of power modulation and cavitation production.

  6. Corneal Graft and Cataract Surgery in Patients with Moderate to Severe Intellectual Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, C. A.; Frazer, D. G.; Jackson, A. J.

    2006-01-01

    Background: Intraocular surgery in patients with intellectual disability can be hazardous. Our aim was to determine the outcomes of surgery on all such patients seen in a consultant-led service, and to assess the overall risks and benefits. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients with moderate to severe intellectual…

  7. Acetazolamide-induced cilio-choroidal effusion after cataract surgery: unusual posterior involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malagola R

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Romualdo Malagola, Loredana Arrico, Rossella Giannotti, Luigi PattavinaDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Rome "La Sapienza," Rome, ItalyAbstract: Idiosyncratic reactions to a large number of drugs have been reported to cause choroidal detachment and secondary angle-closure glaucoma (ACG. We report a case of bilateral acute ACG and peculiar choroidal effusion following administration of oral acetazolamide immediately after cataract surgery. Few cases of acute secondary ACG with choroidal effusion and anterior shift of the lens-iris diaphragm have been associated with acetazolamide compared with other sulfonamides. As far as we are aware, posterior involvement with retinal folds and papillary edema due to acetazolamide has not been described before.Keywords: acetazolamide, cilio-choroidal effusion, acute ACG, papillary edema, retinal folds

  8. Application of ultrasound biomicro-scopy in the planning of cataract surgery in anterior megalophthalmos

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    Mohammad Ali Zare

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior megalophthalmos, a rare hereditary disorder, is macrocornea (horizontal corneal diameter more than 13 mm in association with enlarged lens-iris diaphragm and ciliary ring. One of the major challenging issues in the cataract surgery of these patients is preventing intraocular lens (IOL malposition, because of probable large capsular bag. Several approaches have been selected by previous surgeons, such as, custom-made anterior chamber IOLs. In this study, we show a normal capsular bag diameter despite ciliary ring enlargement, with application of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UMB. We suggest that in cases of anterior megalophthalmos without phacodonesis, UBM could measure the actual size of the capsular bag and obviate the need for further procedures.

  9. [Ten most progression of cataract research in China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Ten researches that may represent the most advanced cataract related studies in China were reviewed, which were recommended and voted by specialists from Chinese Cataract and Intraocular Lens Society. These researches focused on the following fields: the clinical study of the refractive cataract surgery, the clinical study on the premium intraocular lens, location and function study of the disease-associated genes of congenital cataract, the mechanism and prevention of age-related cataract, the mechanism and prevention of oxidative damage of crystalline lens and so on. These studies represented the level of crystalline lens related disease field in China. PMID:26081235

  10. Evaluation of ultrasonic biomicroscopy results in anterior eye segment before and after cataract surgery

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    Ciftci S

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Ali Simsek,1 Süleyman Ciftci21Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Diyarbakir Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakir, TurkeyBackground: The aim of this study was to assess the value of ultrasonic biomicroscopy in reporting decreases in intraocular pressure resulting from changes in anterior chamber depth and angle after phacoemulsification and intracapsular lens implantation in patients with cataract.Methods: This prospective interventional case series included 50 eyes of 50 consecutive subjects operated at the same center. Patients with eye disease affecting visual acuity, a history of eye surgery, corneal surface irregularities, a pupil diameter < 5 mm after preoperative dilation, aged younger than 35 years, posterior capsule perforation, iris dialysis during surgery, intensive postoperative corneal edema, and inability to attend adequate follow-up were excluded. Intraocular pressure, anterior chamber depth and angle, and corneal thickness were measured before and one month after surgery.Results: The mean preoperative intraocular pressure was 14 mmHg and postoperatively was 11 mmHg. Mean anterior chamber depth preoperatively was 2.8 mm and increased to 3.7 mm postoperatively. The mean anterior chamber angle was measured as 27° preoperatively and as 42° postoperatively.Conclusion: After phacoemulsification and intracapsular lens implantation, ultrasonic biomicroscopy showed that the iris diaphragm had shifted backwards, widening the angle of the anterior chamber and decreasing intraocular pressure.Keywords: anterior chamber depth, anterior chamber angle, ultrasonic biomicroscopy

  11. A study of patient satisfaction after cataract surgery with implantation of different types of intraocular lenses

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    Wei Ching-Kuo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The implementation of capitated payment has driven medical institutions through developing balance billing for medical services. By exploring the patients’ decision-making factors on different self-pay items, a reference for the pricing and sales strategy for the related products can be formed. The major purposes of this study were to analyze the determinants of preoperative selection and postoperative satisfaction with implantation of different types of intraocular lenses in cataract surgery. Methods This cross-sectional study consisted of 127 patients that were 50 years of age and older, and who had phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation in both eyes. Data were collected by using a structured questionnaire. The following parameters were measured: access to medical care, attitude towards receiving medical products at one’s own expense, overall patient satisfaction and postoperative visual clarity. Results The results showed that the patient’s gender, educational level and economic status influenced the type of intraocular lens chosen. Patients in the insurance group cared about access to medical care, and patients in the balance billing group cared about product differentiation. ANOVA results showed no statistically significant differences in the overall satisfaction of the patients among the groups with different types of intraocular lenses. Patients that received cataract surgery with implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses had better vision when trying to view smaller objects and when looking at objects under strong light. Conclusions Manufacturers should increase the number of differences between their products, and health care providers can then recommend the appropriate intraocular lens in accordance with the needs or demands of their patients, and also by keeping in mind the financial constraints of their patients.

  12. Secondary membrane formation after cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Sela, Shai M; Har-Noy, Nurit Birman; Spierer, Abraham

    2014-08-01

    To evaluate the risk factors for secondary membrane (SM) formation after congenital cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. A retrospective non-interventional comparative study. Thirty-nine patients (63 eyes) aged 1-135 months. The study included patients who underwent cataract extraction and primary IOL implantation between 1994 and 2001 at the University Hospital. The postoperative follow-up was 6-24 months. Thirty-three eyes received a poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) IOL without square edges, 29 eyes received a hydrophobic acrylic IOL with truncated square edges (AcrySof), and there was no data for IOL type in one eye. Thirty-nine eyes had primary posterior capsulotomy (PPC) and anterior vitrectomy (AV) and in 24 eyes the posterior capsule was left intact. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was performed to identify significant risk factors for SM formation, and Wilcoxon test to evaluate the difference in time from surgery to SM formation. SM developed in 24 eyes (38 %)--58 % of eyes with an intact posterior capsule and 26 % of eyes having PPC and AV, 42 % of eyes with a PMMA IOL, and 34 % of eyes with an AcrySof lens. In multivariate Cox regression analysis intraoperative PPC and AV (P = 0.02) and AcrySof lens implantation (P = 0.097) were associated with decreased postoperative incidence of SM formation. Median time until SM development was 2.9 months with PMMA IOLs (range 1-17 months) and 6 months with AcrySof lenses (range 1-21.8 months) (P = 0.037). Posterior capsule management as well as IOL design and material influence the incidence and the timing of SM formation after primary IOL implantation in children. PMID:24166705

  13. Effect of 1% brinzolamide and 0.5% timolol fixed combination on intraocular pressure after cataract surgery with phacoemulsification

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    Kemal Örnek

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To evaluate the effect of brinzolamide-timolol fixed combination on intraocular pressure (IOP after cataract surgery.METHODS:The study included 92 eyes of 87 patients who underwent cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation. Patients scheduled for phacoemulsification were assigned to 1 of 2 groups. The treatment group received 1 drop of brinzolamide-timolol fixed combination immediately after surgery, and the control group received no treatment. The IOP was measured preoperatively and at 2h and 24h postoperatively.RESULTS: The mean IOP change was lower in the treatment group than in the control group at 2h postoperatively. The difference between the mean IOP values of the two groups at 2h postoperatively was found to be statistically significant. Twenty-four hours after the surgery, the mean IOP change was still higher in the control group when compared to the treatment group.CONCLUSION: The fixed combination brinzolamide-timolol can effectively reduce IOP after cataract surgery.

  14. Risk of Cataract Surgery in HIV-Infected Individuals: A Danish Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Line D; Kessel, Line

    2011-01-01

    Background. Premature aging has been suggested a risk factor for early death in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Therefore, the risk of age-related diseases, such as cataracts, should be increased in this population. In a nationwide, population-based cohort study we assessed the risk of cataract surgery in HIV-infected individuals compared with the general population. Methods. We identified 5315 HIV-infected individuals from a Danish national cohort of HIV-infected individuals and a population-based age- and sex-matched comparison cohort of 53¿150 individuals. Data on cataract surgery were obtained from the Danish National Hospital registry. Cumulative incidence curves were constructed. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and impact of immunodeficiency, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and treatment with abacavir, tenofovir, protease inhibitors, and nonnucleoside analogue reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) were estimated by Poisson regression analyses and adjusted for age, sex, and calendar year. Results. HIV-infected individuals had a higher risk of cataract surgery than the comparison cohort (adjusted IRR, 1.87; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.50-2.33). The highest risk was found in patients with a CD4 cell count =200 cells/µL (adjusted IRR before HAART initiation, 3.11 [95% CI, 1.26-7.63]; adjusted IRR after HAART initiation, 4.74 [95% CI, 2.60-8.62]). In patients not receiving HAART and those receiving HAART with a CD4 cell count >200 cells/mL the adjusted IRRs were 0.60 (95% CI: 0.22-1.61) and 1.87 (95% CI: 1.46-2.39). Treatment with abacavir, tenofovir, protease inhibitors, or NNRTIs did not increase the risk substantially. Conclusions. HIV-infected individuals have an increased risk of cataract surgery. The risk is mainly associated with immunodeficiency and HAART, but accelerated aging cannot be excluded as part of the possible explanation.

  15. Imaging and investigating the effects of incision angle of clear corneal cataract surgery with optical coherence tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Bin; Zhang, Jun; Taban, Mehran; McDonnell, Peter J.; Chen, Zhongping

    2003-12-01

    Effects of incision angle in construction of clear corneal cataract incision are studied with optical coherence tomography (OCT). A stable incision angle range is found to be existent for single-planed, clear corneal cataract incisions. When well pressurized, incision angles within this stable range result in well-apposed incision edges that resist gapping while incision angles falling outside this range have a larger tendency for wound leakage. It is also shown that a two-planed incision can effectively expand the stable range. For incision angles outside the stable range, the farther the incision angle is away from stable range, the larger the gap between incision wound edges when well pressurized. These findings emphasize the significance of incision construction to the self-sealing property of clear corneal cataract incisions. Finally, we demonstrate that OCT could be an effective modality for imaging and monitoring corneal surgery.

  16. Cataract surgery in a population-based cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes : long-term incidence and risk factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grauslund, Jakob; Green, Anders

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT. Purpose: To estimate the long-term cumulative incidence of cataract surgery and associated risk factors in a 25-year follow-up of a population-based cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes. Methods: Based on insulin prescriptions, a population-based cohort of 727 patients with type 1 diabetes was identified in 1973. In 1981-1982 diabetic retinopathy was graded and other markers of diabetes were measured in 573 patients who participated in a clinical baseline examination. Based on data from the Danish National Patient Registry, patients were followed until November 2006 and cataract surgery was evaluated during follow-up. Results: The 25-year crude cumulative incidence of cataract surgery was 20.8% (117 of 562 patients at risk), corresponding to a mortality-adjusted incidence of 29.4% [95% confidence interval (CI) 25.6-33.1%]. Median age and duration of diabetes at the time of surgery were 59.3 and 42 years, respectively. Cataract surgery in the cohort took place approximately 20 years earlier compared to non-diabetic persons. In a multivariate regression analysis, baseline age [hazard ratio (HR) 1.89 per 10 years, 95% CI 1.46-2.27] and maculopathy (HR 1.89, 95% CI 1.05-3.40) were the only statistically significant predictors of cataract surgery. Duration of diabetes, gender, glycaemic regulation, proteinuria, smoking, blood pressure and level of retinopathy were not associated with cataract surgery. Conclusion: Type 1 diabetes is associated with a high long-term incidence of cataract surgery. The association between maculopathy and subsequent cataract surgery is a novel finding and should be addressed in future studies.

  17. Cataract surgery: factors influencing decision to treat and implications for training (south-east Scotland 2008–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sniatecki JJ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Jan J Sniatecki, Caroline Styles, Natalie Boyle, Roshini Sanders Cataract Unit, Queen Margaret Hospital, Dunfermline, Fife, UK Purpose: To describe the population referred for cataract surgery, identify factors that influenced decision to treat, and patients suitable for ophthalmic training. Patients and methods: A total of 2,693 consecutive referrals over 6 years were interrogated using Business Objects software on cataract electronic patient records. Results: A total of 2,693 patients were referred for cataract surgery (group A. Of these patients 2,132 (79% had surgery (group B and 561 (21% did not (group C. Age for group B vs group C: 672 (32% vs 115 (20% ?69 years, P<0.001; 803 (38% vs 225 (40% 70–79 years, P=0.48; 586 (27% vs 203 (36% 80–89 years, P<0.05; 71 (3% vs 18 (3% ?90 years, P=1.0. Visual acuity, group B vs group C: 556 (26% vs 664 (59% 6/12 or better; 1,275 (60% vs 367 (33% 6/18–6/60; 266 (12% vs 64 (6% counting fingers or worse, P<0.05. Medical history for group B vs C: cognitive impairment: 55 (2.6% vs 29 (5.2%, P<0.05; cardiovascular accident: 158 (7.4% vs 60 (10.7%, P<0.05; diabetes: 372 (17.4% vs 96 (17.1%, P=0.87; COPD/asthma: 382 (17.9% vs 93 (16.6%, P=0.53; heart disease: 535 (25.1% vs 155 (27.6%, P=0.35; hypertension: 971 (45.5% vs 263 (46.9%, P=0.73. Ocular history for group B vs C was significant (P<0.05 for age-related macular degeneration 255 (12.0% vs 93 (16.6%, other macular pathology 38 (1.8% vs 25 (4.5%, corneal pathology 92 (4.3% vs 36 (6.4%, amblyopia 37 (1.7% vs 22 (3.9%. Detailed data on presenting complaint, ophthalmic history, and social status is discussed. Conclusion: We observed that surgery at a younger age with good levels of visual acuity was a factor in deferring cataract surgery. Cognitive impairment, cardiovascular accident, amblyopia, corneal and macular pathology significantly affected decision not to operate. We estimate that 80% of patients would be suitable for ophthalmic training. Keywords: audit, electronic patient record, cataract surgery, co-morbidity, guarded visual prognosis, ophthalmic training

  18. Congenital cataract. Report 2. Current strategies of congenital cataract management in children: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Ya. Senchenko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Different approaches to surgical and pleoptic treatment of congenital cataract and amblyopia of obscure origin in children are represented. Main tendencies that determine the indications to surgical procedures and their terms are described. Current techniques of aphakia correction, their advantages and disadvantages as well as pleoptic methods of visual system stimulation are discussed

  19. Laser welding in penetrating keratoplasty and cataract surgery of pediatric patients: early results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Francesca; Pini, Roberto; Menabuoni, Luca; Malandrini, Alex; Canovetti, Annalisa; Lenzetti, Ivo; Capozzi, Paolo; Valente, Paola; Buzzonetti, Luca

    2013-03-01

    Diode laser welding of ocular tissues is a procedure that enables minimally invasive closure of a corneal wound. This procedure is based on a photothermal effect: a water solution of Indocyanine Green (ICG) is inserted in the surgical wound, in order to stain the corneal tissue walls. The stained tissue is then irradiated with a low power infrared diode laser, delivering laser light through a 300-?m core diameter optical fiber. This procedure enables an immediate closure of the wounds: it is thus possible to reduce or to substitute the use of surgical threads. This is of particular interest in children, because the immediate closure improves refractive outcome and anti-amblyopic effect; moreover this procedure avoids several general anaesthesia for suture management. In this work, we present the first use of diode laser welding procedure in paediatric patients. 5 selected patients underwent cataract surgery (Group 1), while 4 underwent fs-laserassisted penetrating keratoplasty (Group 2). In Group 1 the conventional surgery procedure was performed, while no stitches were used for the closure of the surgical wounds: these were laser welded and immediately closed. In Group 2 the donor button was sutured upon the recipient by 8 single stitches, instead of 16 single stitches or a running suture. The laser welding procedure was performed in order to join the donor tissue to the recipient bed. Objective observations in the follow up study evidenced a perfect adhesion of the laser welded tissues, no collateral effects and an optimal restoration of the treated tissues.

  20. Suspensão de cirurgia de catarata e suas causas Reasons for cataract surgery cancelation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti Lira

    2001-10-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de verificar as causas de suspensão de cirurgia de catarata e sugerir medidas para melhorar a eficiência do serviço prestado à população, foi realizado um estudo transversal no serviço de oftalmologia de um hospital universitário do Estado de São Paulo. A amostra foi composta por 200 indivíduos. A média de idade foi de 68± 11,4 anos. As causas de suspensão de cirurgia foram: condição clínica desfavorável (23,1%; horário cirúrgico insuficiente (35,9%; e não comparecimento do paciente (41%. Os fatores causadores foram, majoritariamente, as razões sociais e o funcionamento do hospital.To study the reasons for canceling cataract surgeries, and to suggest actions to improve the efficiency of patient care. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a university hospital's ophthalmology clinic of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Two hundred subjects were randomly selected. The mean age was 68± 11.4 years old. The reasons for canceling surgery were: unpropitious clinical condition (23.1%; tight schedule (35.9%; and patient non-attendance (41%. Most of the reasons related to social issues and the hospital's administrative aspects.

  1. The risk of a new retinal break or detachment following cataract surgery in eyes that had undergone repair of phakic break or detachment: a hypothesis of a causal relationship to cataract surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Grand, M Gilbert

    2003-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the risk of new retinal tear or detachment following cataract surgery in eyes that had undergone successful repair of phakic retinal tear or detachment. METHODS: A computerized search of records of patients evaluated at the Barnes Retina Institute from 1990 to 2000 for a diagnosis of phakic retinal tear or detachment was accomplished. The records of successfully treated patients were analyzed by type of tear or detachment, method of treatment, and development of sequenti...

  2. Recognizing Cataracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... way most eye diseases do.” Early symptoms of cataract can be improved with eyeglasses, brighter lighting, anti-glare sunglasses or magnifying lenses. If these steps don’t help, surgery is the only effective option for treatment. Surgery involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing ...

  3. Comparing resident cataract surgery outcomes under novice versus experienced attending supervision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puri S

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Sidharth Puri,1 Amanda E Kiely,2 Jiangxia Wang,3 Alonzo S Woodfield,4 Saras Ramanathan,5 Shameema Sikder21Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 2Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 3Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, 4Kaiser Permanente South Sacramento Medical Center, Sacramento, 5San Francisco School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USAPurpose: To determine whether supervision by an attending new to surgical teaching or an experienced attending measurably influences intraoperative complications rates or outcomes in phacoemulsification performed by ophthalmology residents.Setting: Single tertiary hospital.Design: Retrospective cohort study. Methods: Resident-performed phacoemulsification cases supervised by one novice attending (N=189 and experienced attending (N=172 over 1 year were included. Data included: resident year, patient age, sex, preoperative risk factors (4+ dense/white/brunescent cataracts, Flomax, zonular dialysis, pseudoexfoliation, glaucoma risk, post-vitrectomy, intraoperative risk factors (Trypan blue, iris hooks, and intraoperative complications (capsule tears, vitreous loss, zonular dialysis, zonular dehiscence, burns, nuclear fragment loss, Descemet’s tear. Experienced attending data were compared against those of the novice attending.Results: Regarding preoperative risks, experienced attending cases more likely involved 4+ cataract (P=0.005, Flomax (P<0.001, or glaucoma risk (P=0.001. For intraoperative risks, novice attending cases more likely involved Trypan blue (P<0.001. Regarding complications, novice attending cases were associated with vitreous loss (P=0.002 and anterior capsule tears (P<0.001. When comparing total complications, the novice attending was more likely to have both increased number of cases with complications and total complications than the experienced attending. The novice attending’s overall complication rate trended downward (rate from 28% in first 25 cases to 6.67% in last 15.Conclusion: Early cases for the novice attending were accompanied by greater complications (vitreous loss and anterior capsule tear, likely due to a learning curve. Surgical judgment in the operating room likely develops with experience. Training programs may focus on these specific areas to aid new instructors. Keywords: cataract surgery, attending experience, complication rate

  4. Completion rates of anterior and posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorrhexis in pediatric cataract surgery for surgery performed by trainee surgeons with the use of a low-cost viscoelastic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Muralidhar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context : Pediatric cataract surgery is traditionally done with the aid of high-molecular-weight viscoelastics which are expensive. It needs to be determined if low-cost substitutes are just as successful. Aims : The study aims to determine the success rates for anterior and posterior capsulorrhexis and intraocular lens (IOL implantation in the bag for pediatric cataract surgery performed with the aid of a low-molecular-weight viscoelastic. Settings and Design : Nonrandomized observational study. Materials and Methods: Children less than 6 years of age who underwent cataract surgery with IOL implantation in the period May 2008-May 2009 were included. The surgeries were done by pediatric ophthalmology fellows. A standard procedure of anterior capsulorrhexis, lens aspiration with primary posterior capsulorrhexis, anterior vitrectomy, and IOL implantation was followed. Three parameters were studied: successful completion of anterior and posterior capsulorrhexis and IOL implantation in the bag. Results: 33 eyes of 28 children were studied. The success rate for completion was 66.7% and 88.2 % for anterior and posterior capsulorrhexis, respectively. IOL implantation in the bag was successful in 87.9%. Conclusions: 2% hydroxypropylmethylcellulose is a viable low-cost alternative to more expensive options similar to high-molecular-weight viscoelastics. This is of great relevance to hospitals in developing countries.

  5. General versus regional anaesthesia for cataract surgery: effects on neutrophil apoptosis and the postoperative pro-inflammatory state.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Goto, Y

    2012-02-03

    At clinically relevant concentrations, volatile anaesthetic agents influence neutrophil function. Our hypothesis was that sevoflurane would inhibit neutrophil apoptosis and consequently influence the postoperative pro-inflammatory state. In order to identify selectively the effect of the anaesthetic agent sevoflurane, we studied patients undergoing minimally stimulating (cataract) surgery randomly allocated to receive either sevoflurane (n = 11) or local anaesthesia (n = 12). Venous blood samples were taken immediately prior to anaesthesia and at 1, 8 and 24 h thereafter. The rate of neutrophil apoptosis, plasma concentration of cytokines and differential white cell count were measured. The rates of neutrophil apoptosis and plasma concentrations of IL-1beta, TNF-alpha and IL-8 at each time point were similar in the two groups. IL-6 concentrations increased significantly and to a similar extent compared to preanaesthetic levels at 8 and 24 h. This study demonstrates that sevoflurane does not influence the rate of neutrophil apoptosis, cytokine concentrations and neutrophil count following cataract surgery.

  6. Comparative evaluation of aqueous and plasma concentration of topical moxifloxacin alone and with flurbiprofen in patients of cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujash Halder

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To determine the aqueous and plasma concentrations of moxifloxacin administered topically alone and with flurbiprofen in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 subjects scheduled for routine cataract surgery were randomly allocated to two groups (n = 25 each. Group-1 patients were treated with topical moxifloxacin alone: One drop 6 times/day for 3 days before surgery and one drop 4 times on the day of surgery: Group-2 patients were treated with topical moxifloxacin as in Group-1 and with topical flurbiprofen: One drop 4 times/day for 3 days before and on the day of surgery. The interval between two drugs was 30 min for last 3 days and 15 min on the day of surgery. Last dose was administered 1 h before aqueous humor and blood sampling for both the groups. The antibiotic concentration in aqueous humor and plasma were determined by using high performance liquid chromatography. Results: The mean concentration of moxifloxacin in aqueous humor was 1.71 ± 0.82 mg/ml in Group-1 and 2.39 ± 1.34 mg/ml in Group-2. Concentrations of moxifloxacin in aqueous humor were significantly higher in Group-2 than that of Group-1. Conclusion: Flurbiprofen may increase the concentration of moxifloxacin in aqueous humor.

  7. Late surgical complications to endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in the post-EVS era

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Solborg Bjerrum, SØren; Kiilgaard, Jens Folke

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To compare the risk of surgical complications after primary surgical intervention for postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery (PE) in cases that underwent a pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) or a vitreous tap (VT) in Denmark in the calendar period 1 January 2000 to 30 June 2011. METHODS: Retrospective, register- and chart-based study. RESULTS: A total of 121 PE cases were identified and followed up to 12.8 years. The overall risk of surgical complications in PE cases that underwent a PPV and a VT was 24.2 and 36.7 %, respectively. This difference was non-statistically significant (p?=?0.18). In all, 9.9 % of the PE cases had more than one surgical complication, and 97 % of the primary surgical complications occurred within the first 5 months. There was no statistically significant difference in the risk of retinal detachment (p?=?0.45), surgery for PE (p?=?0.22), intraocular lens removal (p?=?0.19), or removal of the eye (p?=?0.69) between the two groups. PE cases that underwent a VT had a statistically significantly higher risk of surgery for vitreous opacities (p?=?0.047) compared to a PPV. CONCLUSIONS: In all, 27.3 % of all cases developed a surgical complication after primary surgical intervention for PE. If a PE case did not have a surgical complication within the first 5 months, it was highly unlikely that a new surgical complication would occur. A VT was not associated with a statistically significantly higher overall risk of surgical complications compared to a PPV.

  8. Randomised controlled single-blind study of conventional versus depot mydriatic drug delivery prior to cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Madge Simon; Lamont Meon; Wittles Nadia; Dubois Vincent; Luck Jon

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background A prerequisite for safe cataract surgery is an adequately dilated pupil. The authors conducted a trial to assess the efficacy (in terms of pupil diameter) of a depot method of pre-operative pupil dilatation, as compared with repeated instillations of drops (which is time-consuming for the nursing staff and uncomfortable for the patient). Methods A prospective randomised masked trial was conducted comprising 130 patients with no significant ocular history undergoing electiv...

  9. Ethical issues with cataract surgery in patients with macular degeneration. A graduating resident’s view poin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajiv D. Sha

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern cataract surgery is considered to be a successful procedure, with a low complication rate. During cataract surgery, a patient's cloudy natural lens is removed and replaced with an artificial intraocular lens implant to restore the lens's transparency. The goal of cataract surgery is to achieve improvement in visual acuity necessary to help the patient with activities of daily living and improve the quality of their life. Macular degeneration is a multifactorial syndrome with different causative factors that results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula because of damage to the retina, being a major cause of blindness in the elderly over 50 years in the western world. Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to read or recognize faces, although enough peripheral vision remains to allow the development of other everyday activities. It occurs in “dry” and “wet” forms. The decision to perform cataract surgery in patients with macular degeneration presents with ethical issues and dilemmas for the surgeons involved in the care of the patient with posterior segment problems like macular degeneration. Good doctor-patient communication is essential to get the most benefit from the ophthalmologist, who provides care that is scientific, considerate, and compassionate. The ophthalmologist should serve as the patient’s advocate, marshaling his resources for the patient’s benefit, to maintain the quality of patient life. A biopsychosocial approach is philosophically very close to a systemic view and the development of adequate communication skills is now an aim of training programs, because a good medical care should be a partnership between patient and doctor

  10. Improvements in clinical and functional vision and perceived visual disability after first and second eye cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, D; Patla, A.; Bullimore, M.

    1997-01-01

    AIMS—To determine the improvements in clinical and functional vision and perceived visual disability after first and second eye cataract surgery.?METHODS—Clinical vision (monocular and binocular high and low contrast visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, and disability glare), functional vision (face identity and expression recognition, reading speed, word acuity, and mobility orientation), and perceived visual disability (Activities of Daily Vision Scale) were measured in 25 subjects before a...

  11. Prophylactic measures used for the prevention of postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery. a survey of routine practice in Yemen.

    OpenAIRE

    Bamashmus, Mahfouth A; Saleh A. Al-Akily; Saleh, Mahmoud F.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES This study documents the current practice of perioperative prophylactic methods used for cataract surgery in Yemen. It investigates the routine practice in antibiotic and antiseptic use in preventing postoperative endophthalmitis. METHODS This is a non-comparative survey. A telephone interview survey was conducted with 100 ophthalmologists' from different governorates in Yemen in September 2008. A questionnaire was used to ask the ophthalmic surgeons. RESULTS Th...

  12. Central Corneal Thickness, Corneal Endothelial Characteristics and Intraocular Pressure after Pediatric Cataract Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naveed Nilforushan

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available

    PURPOSE: To investigate central corneal thickness (CCT, endothelial cell characteristics and intraocular pressure (IOP in eyes with prior pediatric cataract surgery and to compare them with eyes of normal age and sex matched controls. METHODS: Specular microscopy CCT and IOP measurements were performed in 31 eyes of 17 patients with prior congenital cataract extraction and 40 eyes of 20 age and sex matched subjects. The mean of three pachymetric and specular microscopic measurements were recorded. IOP was measured using Goldmann applanation tonometry. RESULTS: Mean CCT was 632±45 µm in eyes with prior pediatric cataract surgery vs 546±33 µm in control eyes (P < 0.001, independent t test and Mann Whitney U-test. Mean IOP was 22.1±3.9 mmHg in eyes with prior pediatric cataract surgery and 14.0±1.6 mmHg in the control group (P < 0.001, independent t-test. There was no significant difference between the two groups in cell count, polymegethism and mean cell area of corneal endothelial cells. CONCLUSIONS: Although the corneas were clinically clear and there was no significant difference in endothelial characteristics in eyes with prior pediatric cataract surgery as compared to normal controls, central corneal thickness in the operated eyes was significantly greater. To differentiate actual glaucoma from artifactual IOP increase, CCT measurement should be performed in these patients.

  1. Comparison of the current and a new RTVue OCT software version for detection of ganglion cell complex changes due to cataract surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holló, Gábor; Naghizadeh, Farzaneh; Hsu, Sofia; Filkorn, Tamás; Bausz, Mária

    2015-12-01

    The purpose was to compare the current (6.3) and a novel software version (6.12) of the RTVue-100 optical coherence tomograph (RTVue OCT) for ganglion cell complex (GCC) and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFLT) changes after phacoemulsification in healthy cataract eyes, and to investigate whether version 6.12, in which image segmentation is improved, provides benefits over version 6.3 for RNFLT and GCC imaging via mild cataract. One eye of 22 consecutive healthy cataract patients were imaged before and 1 month after uncomplicated cataract surgery using RTVue-100 OCT software version 6.3. The images were analysed with both software versions. Signal strength index increased significantly after surgery for both RNFLT and the GCC measurements (p ? 0.0015). No difference was seen for any RNFLT parameter between the software versions and time points (p ? 0.0140). The GCC values did not differ between the versions either before or after surgery (p ? 0.4471), but all increased significantly after surgery with software version 6.12 (p Cataract surgery induced similar changes with both software versions, but version 6.12 identified the increase of GCC thickness and the decrease of GLV better than the current version. Although no significant difference between software versions was seen before surgery, our results suggest that version 6.12 may be more precise in measuring GCC parameters than the currently available version. PMID:25813376

  2. Pediatric cataract: challenges and future directions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medsinge, Anagha; Nischal, Ken K

    2015-01-01

    Cataract is a significant cause of visual disability in the pediatric population worldwide and can significantly impact the neurobiological development of a child. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention is critical to prevent irreversible amblyopia. Thorough ocular evaluation, including the onset, duration, and morphology of a cataract, is essential to determine the timing for surgical intervention. Detailed assessment of the general health of the child, preferably in conjunction with a pediatrician, is helpful to rule out any associated systemic condition. Although pediatric cataracts have a diverse etiology, with the majority being idiopathic, genetic counseling and molecular testing should be undertaken with the help of a genetic counselor and/or geneticist in cases of hereditary cataracts. Advancement in surgical techniques and methods of optical rehabilitation has substantially improved the functional and anatomic outcomes of pediatric cataract surgeries in recent years. However, the phenomenon of refractive growth and the process of emmetropization have continued to puzzle pediatric ophthalmologists and highlight the need for future prospective studies. Posterior capsule opacification and secondary glaucoma are still the major postoperative complications necessitating long-term surveillance in children undergoing cataract surgery early in life. Successful management of pediatric cataracts depends on individualized care and experienced teamwork. We reviewed the etiology, preoperative evaluation including biometry, choice of intraocular lens, surgical techniques, and recent developments in the field of childhood cataract. PMID:25609909

  3. Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS with Clear Corneal Incision and SICS with Scleral Incision – A Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md Shafiqul Alam

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Age related cataract is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment throughout the world. With the advent of microsurgical facilities simple cataract extraction surgery has been replaced by small incision cataract surgery (SICS with posterior chamber intra ocular lens implant, which can be done either with clear corneal incision or scleral incision. Objective: To compare the post operative visual outcome in these two procedures of cataract surgery. Materials and method: This comparative study was carried out in the department of Ophthalmology, Delta Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh, during the period of January 2010 to December 2012. Total 60 subjects indicated for age related cataract surgery irrespective of sex with the age range of 40-80 years with predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were enrolled in the study. Subjects were randomly and equally distributed in 2 groups; Group A for SICS with clear corneal incision and group B for SICS with scleral incision. Post operative visual out come was evaluated by determining visual acuity and astigmatism in different occasions and was compared between groups. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS for windows version12. Results: The highest age incidence (43.3% was found between 61 to 70 years of age group. Among study subjects 40 were male and 20 were female. Preoperative visual acuity and astigmatism were evenly distributed between groups. Regarding postoperative unaided visual outcome, 6/12 or better visual acuity was found in 19.98% cases in group A and 39.6% cases in group B at 1st week. At 6th week 6/6 vision was found in 36.3% in Group A and 56.1% in Group B and 46.2% in group A and 66% in group B without and with correction respectively. With refractive correction, 6/6 vision was attained in 60% subjects of group A and 86.67% of group B at 8th week. Post operative visual acuity was statistically significant in all occasions. Postoperative astigmatism of >0.50D was in 82.5% subjects of group A and 52.8% subjects of group B at 1st week. At 6th week postoperative astigmatism of less than 1D was in 79.95% subjects of Group A and 83.34% subjects of Group B. About 20% subjects in Group A and only 3.3% in Group B showed astigmatism of more than 1D and these differences on both the occasions were statistically significant. Conclusion: The post operative visual outcome was better in SICS with scleral incision (group B than in SICS with clear corneal incision (Group-A.

  4. Are routine preoperative medical tests needed with cataract surgery? ¿Es necesario hacer pruebas clínicas rutinarias antes de la cirugía de cataratas?

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo P. C. Lira; Maurício A. Nascimento; Djalma C. Moreira-Filho; Newton Kara-José; Arieta, Carlos E. L.

    2001-01-01

    Objective. The objective of this study was to investigate whether routine medical testing before cataract surgery reduces the rate of complications during the perioperative period in adults. Methods. The study was carried out in an academic medical center in Brazil, between 10 February 2000 and 10 January 2001. The scheduled cataract operations were randomly assigned to one of two groups: 1) to be preceded by routine testing (the "routine-testing group") or 2) not to be preceded by routine me...

  5. Gestión de riesgos asociados a cirugía de catarata mediante plan de cuidado estandarizado / Risk management associated to cataract surgery by means of standardized care plan

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aymara, Cruz Almaguer; Fidel, Ricardo Suárez; Ilza, Zaldivar Rodriguez; Marcia, Campo Gonzales; Zolanyi, Ramirez Silva; Maydelín, Cruz Bermúdez.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La cirugía de catarata es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más practicados en todo el mundo. Los altos volúmenes de operaciones diarias, la complejidad de los cuidados y las presiones del trabajo global hacen inevitable en ocasiones la aparición de efectos adversos en este proceder. Estudios pr [...] evios han demostrado que algunos de estos efectos adversos están relacionados con los cuidados enfermeros. Por esta razón se realizó una investigación cualitativa en el Hospital «Lucía Iñiguez Landín» durante el primer trimestre de 2010, con el objetivo de diseñar un plan de cuidados estandarizado para gestionar los riesgos asociados a cirugía de catarata. A partir de la revisión documental sobre el proceso de atención de enfermería en este proceder quirúrgico y las taxonomías enfermeras vigentes en la actualidad se realizaron talleres de actualización. Los foros de discusión, grupos focales y talleres fueron los métodos utilizados para alcanzar este propósito. Se propone un plan de cuidado estandarizado para gestionar riesgos asociados a la cirugía de catarata tomando en cuenta las taxonomías de la Asociación Norteamericana de Diagnósticos de Enfermería, la Clasificación de Resultados de Enfermería y la Clasificación de Intervenciones de Enfermería., los riesgos del cuidado en cada momento específico del perioperatorio y la posición del enfermero que realiza estos cuidados. Abstract in english Cataract surgery is one of the commonest surgical procedures all over the world. High volume day-care surgery, the complexity of care, and overarching performance pressures may result in unsatisfactory outcomes for that surgical procedure. Previous studies has shown that many adverse events from cat [...] aract extraction are related to nurses care. A qualitative research was carried out al Lucía Iñiguez Hospital in the first quarter of 2010 to design a standard care plan for management of risk associated to cataract surgery througt document review of nurse care process in this surgical procedure and up to date nursing taxonomies. Discussion forums, workshops and focal groups were the methods used to achieve that goal. A standard nursing care plan for management of risks associated to cataract surgery is proposed taking into account taxonomies from North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, Nursing Outcomes Clasification and Nursing Intervention Clasification, the risks of every perioperative period and the position of the nurse responsible for specifical cares.

  6. Antibacterial efficacy of prophylactic besifloxacin 0.6% and moxifloxacin 0.5% in patients undergoing cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bucci FA Jr

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Frank A Bucci Jr,1 Ruth E Evans,1 Loretta M Amico,1 Timothy W Morris,2 Angel T Fluet,1 Christine M Sanfilippo,3 Heleen H DeCory,3 Timothy L Comstock3 1Bucci Laser Vision Institute, Wilkes-Barre, PA, USA; 2Microbiology and Sterilization Sciences, Bausch and Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA; 3Medical Affairs, Bausch and Lomb, Rochester, NY, USA Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the ocular bacterial flora in patients scheduled to undergo cataract surgery and compare the antibacterial effects of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% and moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.5% in these patients. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, laboratory-masked clinical trial. Patients received besifloxacin or moxifloxacin “quater in die” or QID (four times a day for 3 days before cataract surgery in the surgical eye and 1 hour before surgery in the nonsurgical fellow eye. Conjunctival and eyelid swabs were obtained from both eyes at baseline and after treatment, on the day of surgery (Visit 2. Swabs were processed for bacterial colony counts (in terms of colony-forming units and species identification. In vitro antibiotic susceptibilities of isolates were determined using Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute breakpoints. Results: Fifty-nine patients (n=28 besifloxacin, n=31 moxifloxacin completed the study. The majority (73% of conjunctival samples were culture negative at baseline. The most frequent isolates were coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS, 89%, specifically Staphylococcus epidermidis (72%. Both fluoroquinolones reduced the lid CFU values when administered QID for 3 days (P?0.019, but only besifloxacin reduced the lid CFU estimate 1 hour following instillation of a single drop (P=0.039. Fewer besifloxacin-treated eyes had lids that were culture positive for CoNS at Visit 2 compared with moxifloxacin-treated eyes regardless of dosing regimen (P?0.03. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC90 of besifloxacin against methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis (MRSE was eightfold lower than that of moxifloxacin. Conclusion: Besifloxacin appeared more effective in reducing bacterial counts on eyelids of patients undergoing cataract surgery, with significant reductions as early as 1 hour postdose, compared with moxifloxacin. Besifloxacin was more active in vitro against MRSE. Keywords: besifloxacin, moxifloxacin, prophylaxis, cataract patients, coagulase-negative staphylococci

  7. Endoftalmitis poscirugía de catarata por Sphingomonas paucimobilis / Sphingomonas paucimobilis-induced endophthalmitis after cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Omar, Mauri Garrido; Elida Beatriz, Borges Mendoza; Meisy, Ramos López; Lissette, Valle Rodríguez; Raylen, Escobar Román.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la caracterización y manejo terapéutico de un caso de endoftalmitis bacteriana posoperatoria causada por el germen Sphingomonas paucimobilis. La endoftalmitis es la inflamación de los tejidos intraoculares, considerada como la más devastadora de las complicaciones posoperatorias; posee p [...] ronóstico visual muy reservado y un elevado riesgo de secuela. Las Sphingomonas paucimobilis son bacterias gramnegativas con forma de bacilo, quimioheterótrofa y estrictamente aerobias que causan enfermedades en los seres humanos, principalmente infecciones hospitalarias que típicamente son tratadas fácilmente con antibióticos. Por sus capacidades biodegradantes y biosintéticas, son pocos los reportes hallados de infección intraocular por este germen. El pronóstico visual es favorable con un diagnóstico precoz y la aplicación del tratamiento adecuado. En este artículo se presentan un caso de endoftalmitis poscirugía de catarata por Sphingomonas paucimobilis reportado en Cuba en el mes de septiembre de 2009. Abstract in english The characterization and therapeutic management of a case of postsurgery bacterial endophthalmitis caused by Shingomonas paucimobilis was presented. Endophthalmitis is the inflammation of the intraocular tissues and considered as the most devastating postoperative complication. The visual prognosis [...] of this disease is very reserved judgement and high risk of sequelae. Sphingomonas paucimobilis are bacillus-shaped, chemoheterotrophic and strictly aerobic Gramnegative bacteria that cause diseases in the human being, mainly nosocomial infections that are typically treated with antibiotics. Based on its biodegrading and biosynthetic capacities, there are few reports on intraocular infections caused by this germ. The visual prognosis is favourable when the disease is early diagnosed and adequately managed. A case of endophthalmitis following a cataract surgery and caused by Shingomonas paucimobilis in Cuba in September 2009 was presented in this article.

  8. Comparison of Tramadol and Pethidine for Postanesthetic Shivering in Elective Cataract Surgery

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    H Zahedi

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative shivering is a common event of unknown etiology with an incidence of 5-65%. This study intended to compare the efficacy of tramadol with that of pethidine in controlling postanesthetic shivering. Methods: This double-blind clinical trial was performed on 300 consecutive patients underwent general anesthesia for elective cataract surgery. Intravenous tramadol 1 mg/kg or pethidine 0.5 mg/kg was administered for alternate subjects who developed postanesthetic shivering. They were monitored in the recovery room for 1 hour and the cessation time of shivering, recurrence of the event, duration of recovery, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting, and arterial O2 saturation were recorded. Results: One hundred and twenty patients (40% had postanesthetic shivering. In the tramadol group, shivering terminated within 8 minutes after injection (mean 5 min. They had not recurrence of shivering, respiratory depression, reduction in SpO2 and nausea or vomiting during recovery. In the pethidine group, shivering terminated within 13 minutes (mean 9 min after injection, but in 10 patients it recurred after 30 minutes. In this group 28 patients had respiratory depression, reduction in SpO2, nausea and vomiting but none of them needed any medication. Conclusion: Tramadol is superior to pethidine as it induced a faster termination of postanesthetic shivering and did not entail adverse effects on the respiratory system and SpO2, recurrence of shivering or nausea and vomiting. Easy availability and minimum monitoring requirements are other advantages of tramadol. Keywords: Postoperative Shivering, General Anesthesia, Postoperative Complications, Tramadol, Pethidine.

  9. The Effect of Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements on Age-Related Cataracts: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Li-Quan Zhao; Liang-Mao Li; Huang Zhu; The Epidemiological Evidence-Based Eye Disease Study Research Group

    2014-01-01

    Antioxidant vitamins supplements have been suggested as a strategy to decrease the risk of age-related cataract development. However, the results from observational studies and interventional trials of associations between antioxidant vitamins A, C, and E and cataract development have been inconsistent. We aim to evaluate the effectiveness of multivitamin/mineral supplements for decreasing the risk of age-related cataracts by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. In September 2013...

  10. High order aberration and straylight evaluation after cataract surgery with implantation of an aspheric, aberration correcting monofocal intraocular lens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian T A Kretz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To evaluate the quality of vision in respect to high order aberrations and straylight perception after implantation of an aspheric, aberration correcting, monofocal intraocular lens (IOL.METHODS:Twenty-one patients (34 eyes aged 50 to 83y underwent cataract surgery with implantation of an aspheric, aberration correcting IOL (Tecnis ZCB00, Abbott Medical Optics. Three months after surgery they were examined for uncorrected (UDVA and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA, contrast sensitivity (CS under photopic and mesopic conditions with and without glare source, ocular high order aberrations (HOA, Zywave II and retinal straylight (C-Quant.RESULTS:Postoperatively, patients achieved a postoperative CDVA of 0.0 logMAR or better in 97.1% of eyes. Mean values of high order abberations were +0.02±0.27 (primary coma components and -0.04±0.16 (spherical aberration term. Straylight values of the C-Quant were 1.35±0.44 log which is within normal range of age matched phakic patients. The CS measurements under mesopic and photopic conditions in combination with and without glare did not show any statistical significance in the patient group observed (P?0.28.CONCLUSION:The implantation of an aspherical aberration correcting monofocal IOL after cataract surgery resulted in very low residual higher order aberration (HOA and normal straylight.

  11. Comparison of the Efficacy of Subtenon with Peribulbar Local Anesthesia without Hyaluronidase in Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the efficacy of subtenon with peribulbar local anesthesia without hyaluronidase in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Study Design: A randomized controlled trial. Place and Duration of Study: Eye B Unit, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, from October 2009 to October 2010. Methodology: Patients undergoing cataract surgery were divided into two groups. Group A received subtenon anesthesia and group B received peribulbar anesthesia. Pain score, akinesia and intraocular pressure were compared in the two groups. Statistical Package for Social Sciences-14.0 was used for data analysis. Results: There were 304 patients, 152 patients in each group. At the time of injection, there was less pain in group A as compared to group B (p < 0.001). At the time of surgery and till 90 minutes after administration of anesthesia, there was no significant difference in pain between the 2 groups (p = 0.999 and 0.59 respectively). Group A had better akinesia as compared to group B (p = 0.04). There was a greater rise in mean intraocular pressure just after injection in group B as compared to group A (p < 0.001); in both groups, the intraocular pressure declined to its base level 10 minutes after the injection (p = 0.52). Conclusion: Subtenon anesthesia is less painful at the time of its administration, provides better akinesia and leads to smaller rise in intraocular pressure just after the injection than peribulbar anesthesia. (author)

  12. EFFICACY OF BETAXOLOL TO RECOVER UNEXPLAINED VISUAL LOSS AFTER UNEVENTFUL SMALL INCISION CATARACT SURGERY IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS

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    Lakshmikanta

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To test the efficacy of topical betaxolol to recover unexplained visual loss after uneventful cataract surgery in hypertensive patients. Study design: Randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients of decreased visual acuity (20\\40 to 20/50 after best correction after 6 weeks of uncomplicated small incision surgery in hypertensive patients were enrolled. Fifty eyes received topical betaxolol twice daily and fifty eyes received placebo eye drops as a randomized comparison group and followed up for more than six months. Change in best-corrected visual acuity was considered as change of five letters (0.1 log MAR or more. Statistical analysis: Significance of difference of results between study and control groups is determined by Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher Exact test. RESULTS: 14 (28 % patients demonstrated three lines and 31 (62 % patients showed two line improvement in best-corrected visual acuity under treatment group. Whereas one (0.3 to 0.0 and 11 (0.4 to 0.2 eyes of the placebo group demonstrated same amount visual improvement. CONCLUSION: Topical betaxolol significantly improves visual acuity in unexplained visual loss after uneventful small incision cataract surgery in hypertensive patients.

  13. High order aberration and straylight evaluation after cataract surgery with implantation of an aspheric, aberration correcting monofocal intraocular lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretz, Florian T A; Tandogan, Tamer; Khoramnia, Ramin; Auffarth, Gerd U

    2015-01-01

    AIM To evaluate the quality of vision in respect to high order aberrations and straylight perception after implantation of an aspheric, aberration correcting, monofocal intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS Twenty-one patients (34 eyes) aged 50 to 83y underwent cataract surgery with implantation of an aspheric, aberration correcting IOL (Tecnis ZCB00, Abbott Medical Optics). Three months after surgery they were examined for uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), contrast sensitivity (CS) under photopic and mesopic conditions with and without glare source, ocular high order aberrations (HOA, Zywave II) and retinal straylight (C-Quant). RESULTS Postoperatively, patients achieved a postoperative CDVA of 0.0 logMAR or better in 97.1% of eyes. Mean values of high order abberations were +0.02±0.27 (primary coma components) and -0.04±0.16 (spherical aberration term). Straylight values of the C-Quant were 1.35±0.44 log which is within normal range of age matched phakic patients. The CS measurements under mesopic and photopic conditions in combination with and without glare did not show any statistical significance in the patient group observed (P?0.28). CONCLUSION The implantation of an aspherical aberration correcting monofocal IOL after cataract surgery resulted in very low residual higher order aberration (HOA) and normal straylight. PMID:26309872

  14. Clinical experience with the first 40 cases with femtosecond laser cataract surgery technology: safety of the learning curve

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    Joao Crispim

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the introduction of the femtosecond laser (FSL to perform the key steps of the traditional cataract surgery process and the operational difficulties and safety of this new technology during routine use in an operating room in Brazil. Methods A retrospective study was conducted using the first cases operated on at a single center using the laser platform LenSx/Alcon with a soft contact lens patient interface.All patients underwent a detailed preoperative assessment.The anterior capsulotomy, nuclear fragmentation, and corneal incisions were created with the FSL; then, the surgery was completed following the standard phacoemulsification procedure. The main outcome measurements were difficulties and complications related to the learning curve and an analysis of postoperative uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA. Results: Of 31 patients (40 eyes, 9 patients had FSL cataract surgery in both eyes.The mean age was 64 ± 12 years (ranging from 42 to 82, the mean cataract nuclear sclerosis was grading 2 ± 0.6 (ranging from 1 to 4, and the preoperative mean UDVA in logMAR was 0.4 ± 0.2 (ranging from 0.1 to 1.3. Anterior capsulotomy was complete in all patients, and scissors were not needed to cut off any intact portion. The postoperative corneal incisions were not completely linear and showed some irregularities. Laser phaco-fragmentation was effective, with the division of the nucleus into smaller segments easily performed before phacoemulsification.After 1 month, the postoperative mean UDVA in logMAR was 0.1 ± 0.1 (ranging from 0.0 to 0.4 (P < 0.0001. Conclusion: With increasing surgical cases and experience, the phacoemulsification steps are performed precisely and effectively with FSL pretreatment, resulting in a safe learning curve.

  15. Influence of head flexion on intraocular pressure, cardiovascular, and respiratory responses in patients undergoing cataract surgery after endotracheal intubation

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    MR Safavi

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: In cataract surgery, the periorbital area is prepared anddraped after induction of general anesthesia and endotracheal intubation (ETI.For this purpose, the patient’s head and neck is usually flexed 30 to 45degrees. Neck flexion causes displacement of the endotracheal tube tip towardthe carina. Stimulation of the tracheal mucosa may cause bucking, increasedintraocular pressure (IOP, laryngospasm and/or bronchospasm, during lightanesthesia. Laryngeal constriction and all components of the tracheal responsemay affect end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure (PETCO2 and peripheral arterialhemoglobin oxygen saturation (SpaO2. Thus, in the current study, weinvestigated the influence of head and neck flexion on heart rate (HR, systolicand diastolic blood pressure (SAP and DAP, SpaO2, PETCO2, and IOP in patientsundergoing cataract surgery with endotracheal intubation during generalanesthesia.Patients and Methods: The present prospective study comprised patientsaged from 40 to 80 year with 106 American Society of Anesthesia (ASA physicalstatus I and II. Anesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium, lidocaine andfentanyl. Atracurium 0.5 mg/kg was administered to facilitate trachealintubation. HR, SAP, DAP, SpaO2, PETCO2, and IOP were measured at 1, 2, and 5minutes after head flexion.Results: Mean SAP, DAP, IOP, and HR was increased after ETI and headflexion compared with baseline values. PETCO2 and SpaO2 were decreased after ETIand at 1, 2 minutes after head flexion compared with baseline values.Conclusion: In patients undergoing cataract surgery during generalanesthesia, endotracheal tube movement caused changes in head and neck positionresulting in significant effects on heart rate, systolic and diastolic bloodpressures, laryngeal reflexes, SpaO2, PETCO2, and intraocular pressure.

  16. Training a cataract surgeon

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    M Babar Qureshi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Training in cataract surgery is one of the key factors needed to ensure high quality cataract surgery with good visual outcomes and patient satisfaction. The training has to impart the right skills to the right person by the right trainer and in the right environment.

  17. Training a Cataract Surgeon

    OpenAIRE

    M Babar Qureshi; M Daud Khan

    2002-01-01

    Training in cataract surgery is one of the key factors needed to ensure high quality cataract surgery with good visual outcomes and patient satisfaction. The training has to impart the right skills to the right person by the right trainer and in the right environment.

  18. Warfarin and cataract extraction.

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, G. A.; Nylander, A

    1989-01-01

    Ten cataract extractions were performed on eight patients for whom warfarin was not discontinued prior to surgery. Three were complicated by hyphaema. No retrobulbar haemorrhages occurred in the four cases given a local anaesthetic. Cataract surgery can be performed successfully without discontinuing warfarin.

  19. Intracameral tissue plasminogen activator to prevent severe fibrinous effusion after congenital cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Siatiri, H; Beheshtnezhad, A H; Asghari, H.; Siatirit, N; S. Moghimi; Piri, N

    2005-01-01

    Background/aims: To evaluate the efficacy of intracameral recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-TPA) in prevention of fibrinous effusion after lensectomy, anterior vitrectomy, and posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation in patients with congenital cataract.

  20. Delay in presentation to hospital for surgery for congenital and developmental cataract in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Mwende, J; Bronsard, A; Mosha, M; Bowman, R; Geneau, R; Courtright, P

    2005-01-01

    Background: Childhood cataract is a leading cause of blindness in children in eastern Africa. High quality surgical services have been established at a few tertiary facilities in the region; however, there appears to be delay in presentation to hospital.

  1. Increasing the volume of cataract surgery: an experience in rural China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leshan Tan

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Cataract: the situation in ChinaEighteen per cent of the world’s blind people live in China. The country is home to one of the world’s largest populations of blind people, an estimated 6.6 million. Cataract is the number one cause of blindness in China, accounting for nearly 50 per cent of all cases. China is also estimated to have the world’s most rapidly ageing population. By 2020, the country’s elderly population is expected to increase by 90 per cent and reach 240 million people. In 2005, about 600,000 cataract operations were performed in China, compared to 1.5 million LASIK operations. The cataract surgical rate (CSR in China is around 450-460, compared to 3,700 in India.

  2. COMPARISON OF RESULTS OF SURGICALLY INDUCED ASTIGMATISM AND VISUAL ACUITY FOLLOWING TEMPORAL VERSUS SUPERIOR SCLEROCORNEAL INCISIONS IN MANUAL SMALL INCISION SUTURE LESS CATARACT SURGERY

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    Sowbhagya

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT : OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of superior and temporal sclerocorneal incisions on astigmatism in small incision cataract surgery. To evaluate the success of different meridional approaches in cataract surgery by changing the sites of incision. To evaluate visual acuity outcomes on temporal versus superior sclerocorneal incisions. DESIGN: Prospective, non - randomized, comparative cli nical study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and twenty eyes of 120 patients with cataracts scheduled to undergo routine cataract surgery. METHODS: 120eyes of 120 patients were allocated to two groups of 60 each, Group TI (Temporal incision and Group SI (Superi or incision. Manual Small Incision sutureless Cataract Surgery was (MSICS done. Post operative follow - up was done on day 1, 2 nd , 4 th and 6 th weeks for post - operative clinical findings, visual acuity and keratometry. Data was analyzed by1] Descriptive and in ferential statistical analysis.2] Mean SD (Min - Max. 3] Student T test (Two tailed, independent.4] Chi - Square/Fisher Exact Test

  3. Técnica CoMICS para la cirugía de catarata por microfacoemulsificación CoMICS technique for cataract surgery through microphacoemulsification

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    Juan Raúl Hernández Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: El doctor Robert H. Osher describió en el año 2003 una técnica para la cirugía de la catarata, denominada microfacoemulsificación coaxial o CoMICS, la cual se ha extendido mucho en Europa y América. El objetivo de la investigación fue valorar el comportamiento de esta técnica en la cirugía de catarata por facoemulsificación en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", en el año 2009. MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo de 41 ojos pertenecientes a 32 pacientes operados de catarata. Se analizaron variables como: la mejor agudeza visual con corrección y sin esta, el astigmatismo resultante, el equivalente esférico y la densidad celular endotelial. Fue comparado su comportamiento antes y después de la cirugía y se realizó el análisis de muestras pareadas mediante la prueba de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS. La media de la edad fue de 61 años. Predominaron el sexo masculino y el grupo de 60-79 años, la agudeza visual sin corrección y la mejor corregida, mejoran significativamente en el posoperatorio. El astigmatismo inducido fue menor de 0,5 D. Mejoró el equivalente esférico y la pérdida celular endotelial fue menor de 10 %. CONCLUSIONES. La microfacoemulsificación coaxial tiene resultados visuales positivos en los pacientes operados de catarata.INTRODUCTION: Dr Robert H. Osher described a new technique for cataract surgery in 2003, which was called Coaxial Microphacoemulsification or CoMICS and has been largely applied in Europe and America. The objective of this research study was to assess the behaviour of the CoMICS technique for cataract surgery through phacoemulsification at "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophtahlmology in 2009. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study of 41 eyes from 32 patients operated on from cataract was conducted. Variables such as better visual acuity with/without correction, resulting astigmatism, spherical equivalent and endothelial cell density were analyzed. The behaviour of these variables before and after the surgery was compared together with the analysis of paired samples through Wilcoxon´s rank test. RESULTS: The average age was 61 years. Males, 60-79 y age group, visual acuity without correction and the best corrected acuity predominated. Induced astigmatism was under 0,5 D. Spheral equivalent improved whereas endothelial cell loss was lower than 10 %. CONCLUSIONS: Coaxial microphacoemulsification or CoMICS has positive visual results in patients operated on from cataract.

  4. A retrospective study on the outcomes of cataract surgery in an Eastern Regional Health Authority hospital of Trinidad and Tobago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonron, Ebiakpo-Aboere; Tripathi, Vrijesh; Bridgemohan, Petra; Sharma, Subash

    2015-01-01

    Background. Worldwide, cataract is a major cause of blindness. The paper aims to evaluate factors associated with borderline and poor outcomes of cataract surgery at an Eastern Regional Health Authority (ERHA) hospital in Trinidad and Tobago. Materials and Methods. A hospital-based, retrospective study was done on 401 patients who had undergone cataract surgery (unilateral and bilateral) at an ERHA Hospital between March 2009 and September 2014. Data was collected on variables concerning demographic, medical history, surgical history, ocular findings and visual acuity (VA). The outcome variable of interest was Snellen's post-operative (presenting) VA which was transformed into a dichotomous variable with borderline and poor outcomes as one and good outcomes as the other. Data were analysed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results. Good outcome (presenting VA 6/18 or better) was seen in 350 (67%) eyes. The fitted model consisted of ocular co-morbidity (OR =2.133; 95% CI [1.346-3.380]), hypertension (OR = 0.520; 95% CI [0.381-0.928]), surgical procedure (OR = 1.56; 95% CI [1.004-2.425]), good preoperative VA (OR = 0.388, 95% CI [0.211-0.714]), borderline preoperative VA (OR = 0.485; 95% CI = [0.278-0.843]) and year of first visit to clinic (OR = 2.243; 95% CI [1.215-4.141]). Conclusion. There is a need for community-based outreach to increase awareness of eye health and diseases. It is recommended that the general population is encouraged to take responsibility for personal management. The facilities at the Hospital should also be enhanced. PMID:26357596

  5. Cambios morfológicos maculares tras cirugía de cataratas: factores de riesgo / Morphological macular changes after cataract surgery: risk factors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., Pareja-Esteban; J.P., Moreno-Arrones; P., Drake-Rodríguez-Casanova; C., Gutiérrez-Ortiz; M.A., Teus.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Analizar cambios en la morfología macular tras cirugía no complicada de cataratas y su correlación con la edad y la hipertensión arterial. Métodos: Se realizaron medidas del volumen macular total (TMV), volumen foveal (FOVOL) y espesor foveal (FOV) con OCT3 Stratus® en pacientes sometidos [...] a cirugía de catarata antes de la cirugía, el día después y un mes después de la misma. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando SPSS 15.0 software. Resultados: Se incluyeron 114 ojos de 114 pacientes. Los valores medios de TMV, FOVOL y FOV en el subgrupo con Signal Strength por encima de 6, antes de la cirugía de catarata fueron 6,59 DE 0,67 µm³; 0,16 DE 0,02 µm³ and 204,97 DE 29,79 µm. Un mes después de la cirugía de cataratas las mediciones fueron TMV: 6,93 DE 0,56 µm³; FOVOL: 0,17 DE 0,06 µm³ y FOV: 218,07 DE 87,60 µm. Encontramos diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P Abstract in english Objective: To analyze morphological macular changes after uncomplicated cataract surgery and their correlation with age and arterial hypertension. Methods: Total macular volume (TMV), foveal volume (FOVOL) and foveal thickness (FOV) in patients who had undergone cataract surgery were measured using [...] OCT3 Stratus® before surgery, the day after the intervention and one month later. The data were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 software. Results: The study group was composed of 114 eyes from 114 patients. The mean TMV, FOVOL and FOV in the subgroup of patients with signal strength over 6 before cataract surgery were 6.59 (SD0.67) µm³; 0.16 (SD0.02) µm³ and 204.97 (SD29.79) µm. One month after surgery the measurements were TMV: 6.93 (SD0.56) µm³; FOVOL: 0.17 (SD0.06) µm³ and FOV: 218.07 (SD87.60) µm. We found statistically significant differences (P

  6. Function of filtering bleb after Cataract Surgery in Eyes with Previous Successful Trabeculectomies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sneh S. Dhannawat

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has been reported that cataract surgery can compromise the function of a filtering bleb, resulting in loss of control of intraocular pressure (IOP. In a number of retrospective studies a rise of IOP after extra capsular extraction and even after phacoemulsification in filtered glaucoma eye was shown. Objective: To evaluate the effect of temporal clear corneal Phacoemulsification with Intraocular Lens implantation (IOL on IOP control in glaucoma patients who had previous successful trabeculectomy. Methods: The clinical course of 60 patients (60 eyes who underwent temporal clear corneal phacoemulsification after successful trabeculetomy was studied over a period of 3 years. The number of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG and Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG cases was equal in our study. Comparison of pre-operative and post-operative IOP, visual acuity, bleb morphology and the number of medications was made at follow up interval of 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months respectively.Results: The mean ± SD IOP before phacoemulsification was 12.2 ± 4.608 mmHg and it increased to 14.98, 14.47, 15.44 and 15.71 after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months respectively. At each interval the mean IOP was significantly higher than the pre-operative value (p = 0.000, 0.015, 0.000, 0.001 respectively There was also an increase in the number of antiglaucoma medications used after phacoemulsification. The mean ± SD of medication before phacoemulsification was 0.57 + 0.62 and it increased to 0.65, 0.70, 0.68, 0.67 after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months respectively. But the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Temporal clear corneal phacoemulsification significantly increases IOP in eyes with pre-existing functioning filtering bleb. No statistically significant difference was found between the outcomes of POAG and PACG groups. There is a statistically significant improvement in visual acuity following phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation.

  7. Congenital cataract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cataract - congenital ... Unlike most cataracts, which occur with aging, congenital cataracts are present at birth. Congenital cataracts are rare. In most patients, no cause can be found. Congenital cataracts often occur as part of ...

  8. Prevalence of myopic shifts among patients seeking cataract surgery / Prevalencia de cambios miópicos en pacientes con catarata

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rafael, Iribarren; Guillermo, Iribarren.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La cirugía moderna de facoemulsificación del cristalino tiene una recuperación muy rápida. La elección correcta del lente intraocular que se coloca en la cirugía permite, muchas veces, anticipar si el paciente va a precisar anteojos luego de la cirugía. Este estudio analiza una muestra de pacientes [...] con catarata, mostrando la frecuencia relativa de cambios miópicos que permiten a los pacientes ver de cerca sin lentes antes de la cirugía. Se estudiaron retrospectivamente una serie de pacientes consecutivos que realizaron cirugía electiva de catarata. El cambio refractivo miópico fue documentado comparando las prescripciones antiguas con la medición subjetiva al momento del estudio. Los sujetos fueron agrupados de acuerdo a la presencia o ausencia de cambios miópicos, y se estudiaron las proporciones con respecto a su grado de opacidad nuclear. La edad promedio de los 229 sujetos estudiados fue de 71.5 ± 10.4 años, 109 (47.6%) varones. Se halló un cambio miópico, definido como un cambio mayor de - 0.5 dioptrías, en 85 (37.1%, IC95%: 30.8-43.4%). El porcentaje de sujetos con cambio miópico fue significativamente mayor en aquellos que tenían mayor opacidad nuclear al tiempo del examen. En este estudio de pacientes no seleccionados que buscaban realizar cirugía de catarata, más de un tercio tuvo cambios miópicos en la refracción. Si el paciente lograba ver bien de cerca antes de la cirugía, esto debería ser tenido en cuenta a la hora de elegir un correcto lente intraocular para que el sujeto no pierda este beneficio de la catarata. Abstract in english Modern cataract surgery by phacoemulsification is a widely accepted procedure with a rapid recovery time. The prescription of specific intraocular lens, implanted during surgery, makes it possible to anticipate whether the patient will need reading glasses after the procedure. The present study anal [...] yses a sample of cataract surgery patients to show the frequency of myopic shifts related to nuclear opacity, which can result in clear near vision before surgery. A non-selected sample of consecutive patients who underwent elective cataract surgery in a private clinic was studied retrospectively. The myopic shift in refraction was assessed by comparing the old prescription with the spectacle correction at the time of interviewing.The mean age of the 229 subjects studied was 71.5 ± 10.4 years (109, 47.6%, males). A myopic shift in refraction, defined as at least - 0.5 diopters, was present in 37.1% of subjects (95% CI: 30.8%-43.4%). The mean change in refraction in these subjects was -2.52 ± 1.52 diopters. The percentage of subjects who had developed a myopic shift was significantly greater in those who presented greater nuclear opalescence. There were also differences in the mean myopic shift by refractive group, with the emmetropes having the greatest myopic shift. In this study of patients seeking cataract surgery in a clinical setting, more than one third had myopic shifts in refraction. This must be taken into account in order that patients maintain the benefit of clear near vision after surgery.

  9. Surgical approaches to posterior polar cataract: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Vasavada, A R; Raj, S. M.; Vasavada, V; Shrivastav, S

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to provide a comprehensive overview of surgical methods used in the emulsification of posterior polar cataracts (PPCs) that have been devised to minimize the risk of posterior capsule rupture (PCR) and its consequences. A Pubmed and Medline search of relevant literature on PPC was done. Only articles relevant to the treatment of PPC were included. The posterior capsule in eyes with PPC are known to have an abnormal adhesion to the polar opacity or a pre-existing weakn...

  10. Increasing the volume of cataract surgery: an experience in rural China

    OpenAIRE

    Leshan Tan

    2006-01-01

    Cataract: the situation in ChinaEighteen per cent of the world’s blind people live in China. The country is home to one of the world’s largest populations of blind people, an estimated 6.6 million. Cataract is the number one cause of blindness in China, accounting for nearly 50 per cent of all cases. China is also estimated to have the world’s most rapidly ageing population. By 2020, the country’s elderly population is expected to increase by 90 per cent and reach 240 million people. In 2005,...

  11. Comparison of preoperative nepafenac (0.1%) and flurbiprofen (0.03%) eye drops in maintaining mydriasis during small incision cataract surgery in patients with senile cataract: A randomized, double-blind study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Saumya; Mondal, Kanchan Kumar; Roy, Sukalyan Saha; Gayen, Sharmistha; Ghosh, Abhishek; De, Radha Raman

    2015-01-01

    Aims: This study compared the effectiveness of prophylactic administration of topical flurbiprofen 0.03% and nepafenac 0.1% in maintaining mydriasis during small incision cataract surgery (SICS). Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind comparative study in adult cataract patients given topical flurbiprofen or nepafenac prior to SICS and capsular bag intraocular lens (IOL) implantation at a tertiary care hospital. Horizontal and vertical diameters of pupil were measured at the beginning and end of surgery, and the mean values were compared across the two groups. Unpaired t-test and Fisher's exact test were used to analyse the results. Results: A total of 70 eyes of cataract surgery patients, 33 males and 37 females, with a mean age of 58.5 ± 11.24 years, were included in the study. The mean horizontal and vertical diameters of the two groups were similar at the start of surgery. Significant differences were seen after IOL implantation, with the nepafenac group having the larger mean diameters in both horizontal (P = 0.03) and vertical (P = 0.04) pupillary measurements. Conclusions: Topical nepafenac has been shown to be a more effective inhibitor of meiosis during SICS and provides a more stable mydriatic effect compared to topical flurbiprofen.

  12. LASIK-LASEK en defectos refractivos poscirugías de catarata / LASIK-LASEK in refractive defects after cataract surgeries

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan Raúl, Hernández Silva; Maricela, Trujillo Blanco; Marcelino, Río Torres; Meisy, Ramos López; Luis, Curbelo Cunill; William G., Trujillo Blanco.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: El tratamiento de la catarata es quirúrgico, se logran muy buenos resultados en la recuperación visual de los pacientes; no obstante, después de ella pueden encontrarse resultados inesperados. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar las características de las personas estudiadas según [...] su edad, los valores biométricos y queratométricos previos a la cirugía por catarata, la cirugía refractiva, y la técnica de excímer láser empleada en los pacientes operados, desde mayo de 2005 a julio de 2007, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo de los pacientes operados de catarata que tuvieron un defecto refractivo residual -error o sorpresa refractiva-, a los cuales se les realizó cirugía por láser excímer. Se evaluaron las características de las personas estudiadas según su edad, los valores biométricos y queratométricos previos a la cirugía por catarata, y a la cirugía refractiva, así como la técnica de excímer láser empleada. RESULTADOS: En este estudio se obtuvo un predominio de las edades entre 40 y 59 años, la sorpresa refractiva más frecuente fue la miopía, la longitud axial indujo una sorpresa refractiva, coadyuvada por el error queratométrico, el LASIK prevaleció como técnica refractiva y logró corregir las sorpresas refractivas halladas. CONCLUSIONES: La sorpresa refractiva presente en todos los pacientes fue la miopía. Se demostró que la longitud axial indujo una sorpresa refractiva y que esta fue la más importante en nuestros resultados, derivada del error queratométrico, a pesar de ser este último poco significativo. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The treatment of cataract is surgical, very good results in visual recovery of patients are achieved; however, some unexpected results may appear after surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the studied persons by their age, the biometric and keratome [...] tric values before the cataract surgery, the refractive surgery and the excimer laser technique used in patients who were operated on from May 2005 to July 2007 at "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal and descriptive study was conducted in those patients operated on from cataract, who developed a residual refractive defect - error or refractive surprise- and were performed an excimer laser surgery. The characteristics of the studied persons by their age, the biometric and keratometric values prior to the cataract surgery and the refractive surgery as well as the used excimer laser technique were evaluated. RESULTS: This study revealed the prevalence of the 40-59 years-old age group, the most frequent refractive error was myopia, the axial length induced a refractive surprise contributed by the keratometric error; LASIK was the refractive technique that managed to correct the found refractive surprises. CONCLUSIONS: The refractive surprise present in all the patients was myopia. It was shown that the axial length induced a refractive surprise that was the most important outcome derived from a keratometric error, despite the latter being not significant.

  13. Anesthetic dilemma in planning bilateral cataract surgery for an infant associated with congenital cardiac anomaly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Devalina; Seetharamaiah, Shwetha; Kedia, Sraban Kumar; Nayak, Bhagabat Kumar; Akshat, Shiv

    2015-06-01

    In a patient with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and pulmonary atresia, treating the cardiac problem or the associated congenital illness is always a challenge. We describe the challenges and successful initial management of bilateral cataract to prevent visual loss in an infant with TOF with pulmonary atresia. PMID:26265652

  14. Analysis of protein composition of rabbit aqueous humor following two different cataract surgery incision procedures using 2-DE and LC-MS/MS.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Š?astná, Miroslava; Behrens, A.; McDonell, P.J.; Van Eyk, J.E.

    2011-01-01

    Ro?. 9, ?. 8 (2011), s. 1-15. ISSN 1477-5956 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40310501 Keywords : proteomics * tandem mass spectrometry * cataract surgery Subject RIV: CB - Analytical Chemistry, Separation Impact factor: 2.328, year: 2011 http://www.proteomesci.com/content/9/1/8

  15. Implicaciones sociales, tecnológicas y éticas de los resultados insatisfactorios en la cirugía de catarata Social, technological and ethical implications of unsatisfactory outcomes in cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidel Saúl Ricardo Suárez

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A nivel mundial, la catarata constituye la principal causa de ceguera evitable. Su alta prevalencia como causa de ceguera está muy asociada a la pobreza. La cirugía es el único tratamiento verdaderamente efectivo y constituye el proceder quirúrgico más practicado en países desarrollados, pues presenta una adecuada relación coste-beneficio. Contradictoriamente, los estudios de base poblacional efectuados en los últimos años han revelado que existen resultados insatisfactorios en el 40 % de las operaciones de catarata efectuadas en países subdesarrollados. Se exponen en este trabajo algunos elementos históricos y tecnológicos relacionados con este tipo de operación. Se analizan las principales causas de los resultados insatisfactorios y los dilemas éticos asociados a los mismos. Se recomienda la necesidad de evaluar los impactos de las operaciones de catarata como tecnologías sanitarias con efectos positivos y negativos tras su aplicación.Worldwide, cataract is the leading cause of avoidable blindness. Its high prevalence as a cause of blindness is associated to poverty. Surgery is the only effective treatment and most performed surgical procedure in developed countries, with an adequate cost-benefit relationship. Contradictorily, recently conducted population-based surveys have revealed unsatisfactory outcomes in 40 % of cataract surgeries practiced in developing countries. Besides dealing with some of the historical and technological issues related to cataract surgery, the author analyzes the main causes and ethical dilemma associated to those outcomes, and recommends evaluating the impacts of cataract surgery as a technology with positive or negative effects after its application.

  16. Implicaciones sociales, tecnológicas y éticas de los resultados insatisfactorios en la cirugía de catarata / Social, technological and ethical implications of unsatisfactory outcomes in cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fidel Saúl, Ricardo Suárez.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A nivel mundial, la catarata constituye la principal causa de ceguera evitable. Su alta prevalencia como causa de ceguera está muy asociada a la pobreza. La cirugía es el único tratamiento verdaderamente efectivo y constituye el proceder quirúrgico más practicado en países desarrollados, pues presen [...] ta una adecuada relación coste-beneficio. Contradictoriamente, los estudios de base poblacional efectuados en los últimos años han revelado que existen resultados insatisfactorios en el 40 % de las operaciones de catarata efectuadas en países subdesarrollados. Se exponen en este trabajo algunos elementos históricos y tecnológicos relacionados con este tipo de operación. Se analizan las principales causas de los resultados insatisfactorios y los dilemas éticos asociados a los mismos. Se recomienda la necesidad de evaluar los impactos de las operaciones de catarata como tecnologías sanitarias con efectos positivos y negativos tras su aplicación. Abstract in english Worldwide, cataract is the leading cause of avoidable blindness. Its high prevalence as a cause of blindness is associated to poverty. Surgery is the only effective treatment and most performed surgical procedure in developed countries, with an adequate cost-benefit relationship. Contradictorily, re [...] cently conducted population-based surveys have revealed unsatisfactory outcomes in 40 % of cataract surgeries practiced in developing countries. Besides dealing with some of the historical and technological issues related to cataract surgery, the author analyzes the main causes and ethical dilemma associated to those outcomes, and recommends evaluating the impacts of cataract surgery as a technology with positive or negative effects after its application.

  17. Clinical effects of conjunctival sac flushing using different concentration of povidoneiodine on corneal epithelium before cataract surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue-Lian Gu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To determine the most optimal concentration of the safe usage of povidone-iodine(PVP-Iin the flushing to disinfect the conjunctive sac before cataract surgeries, in order to provide a scientific basis for clinical eye surgery work.METHODS:Sixty-two patients with phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation in our hospital from October 2012 to October 2014 were randomly divided into 0.25g/L PVP-I group(?and 5g/L PVP-I group(?. Sterilizing effect and the complications postoperative were analyzed.RESULTS:The sterilizing effects of the two groups after flushing conjunctiva sac using different concentrations of PVP-I were both remarkable, but the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant(P>0.05. No endophthalmitis occurred in the two groups. Observing the corneal condition after rinsing, no severe conjunctival hyperemia, corneal edema and other serious complications occurred. There was slightly punctate corneal epithelial shedding in group?, and the difference was statistically significant(PPCONCLUSION:Using 0.25g/L PVP-I in the conjunctiva sac rinsing before surgeries can inhibit the growth of bacteria in the conjunctival sac, reduce the impact on the corneal epithelium thereby reducing the incidence of postoperative complications and the positive rate of bacterial culture, increasing the comfort degree of patients, bringing a better area for the surgeries.

  18. Técnica CoMICS para la cirugía de catarata por microfacoemulsificación / CoMICS technique for cataract surgery through microphacoemulsification

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juan Raúl, Hernández Silva; Alejandro, Campero Crispin; Meisy, Ramos López; Iramis, Miranda Hernández; Yanele, Ruiz Rodríguez; Marcelino, Rio Torres.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: El doctor Robert H. Osher describió en el año 2003 una técnica para la cirugía de la catarata, denominada microfacoemulsificación coaxial o CoMICS, la cual se ha extendido mucho en Europa y América. El objetivo de la investigación fue valorar el comportamiento de esta técnica en la cir [...] ugía de catarata por facoemulsificación en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", en el año 2009. MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo de 41 ojos pertenecientes a 32 pacientes operados de catarata. Se analizaron variables como: la mejor agudeza visual con corrección y sin esta, el astigmatismo resultante, el equivalente esférico y la densidad celular endotelial. Fue comparado su comportamiento antes y después de la cirugía y se realizó el análisis de muestras pareadas mediante la prueba de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon. RESULTADOS. La media de la edad fue de 61 años. Predominaron el sexo masculino y el grupo de 60-79 años, la agudeza visual sin corrección y la mejor corregida, mejoran significativamente en el posoperatorio. El astigmatismo inducido fue menor de 0,5 D. Mejoró el equivalente esférico y la pérdida celular endotelial fue menor de 10 %. CONCLUSIONES. La microfacoemulsificación coaxial tiene resultados visuales positivos en los pacientes operados de catarata. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Dr Robert H. Osher described a new technique for cataract surgery in 2003, which was called Coaxial Microphacoemulsification or CoMICS and has been largely applied in Europe and America. The objective of this research study was to assess the behaviour of the CoMICS technique for catara [...] ct surgery through phacoemulsification at "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophtahlmology in 2009. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study of 41 eyes from 32 patients operated on from cataract was conducted. Variables such as better visual acuity with/without correction, resulting astigmatism, spherical equivalent and endothelial cell density were analyzed. The behaviour of these variables before and after the surgery was compared together with the analysis of paired samples through Wilcoxon´s rank test. RESULTS: The average age was 61 years. Males, 60-79 y age group, visual acuity without correction and the best corrected acuity predominated. Induced astigmatism was under 0,5 D. Spheral equivalent improved whereas endothelial cell loss was lower than 10 %. CONCLUSIONS: Coaxial microphacoemulsification or CoMICS has positive visual results in patients operated on from cataract.

  19. Cirugía de cataratas por facoemulsificación aplicando la técnica de prechop / Use of prechop technique in phacoemulsification cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Belkys, Rodríguez Suárez; Juan Raúl, Hernández Silva; Eneida de la Caridad, Pérez Candelaria; Ana María, Méndez Duque de Estrada; Iraisi, Hormigó Puertas; Imalvet, Santiesteban García.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: aplicar la técnica de prechop en la cirugía de catarata por facoemulsificación y describir sus resultados. Métodos: estudio descriptivo y prospectivo en 295 pacientes (ojos) con diagnóstico de catarata senil atendidos en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", entre ener [...] o y diciembre de 2010. Se analizaronlas variables: mejor agudeza visual corregida y sin corregir, conteo celular endotelial, hexagonalidad, coeficiente de variabilidad, astigmatismo resultante, tiempo efectivo de ultrasonido y complicaciones. Resultados: la pérdida celular endotelial fue de 14,2 %. La hexagonalidad promedio posoperatoria, de 50,99 %. El coeficiente de variabilidad promedio preoperatorio fue de 32,37 % y cambió a 30,43 % en el posoperatorio. El astigmatismo posoperatorio promedio fue de 1,48 dioptría con una inducción de 0,51 dioptría. El tiempo efectivo de ultrasonido estuvo por debajo de los 2 minutos en el 80 % de los casos. La mejor agudeza visual sin corregir preoperatoria fue de 0,14 como promedio y mejoró a 0,43 en el posoperatorio, mientras que la mejor agudeza visual corregida, de 0,29 en el preoperatorio mejoró a 0,82. La complicación transquirúrgica más frecuente fue la rotura de la cápsula posterior y la posquirúrgica, el edema corneal. Conclusiones: la opción de realizar la técnica de prechop para emulsificar el cristalino representa una ventaja para la cirugía de cataratas, sobre todo en pacientes con cristalinos duros por la poca repercusión para el endotelio corneal. Existe una mejoría importante de la agudeza visual sin corregir y con corrección después de la cirugía. Abstract in english Objective: to use the prechop technique in the phacoemulsification cataract surgery and to describe the final results. Methods: descriptive and prospective study of 295 patients (eyes) with senile cataract diagnosis, who were seen at ¨Ramón Pando Ferrer¨ Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January [...] to December 2010. The analyzed variables were best corrected and uncorrected visual acuity and endothelial cell count, hexagonality, variability coefficient, refractive astigmatism, effective ultrasound time and complications. Results: the endothelial cell loss was 14.2 %. The postoperative average hexagonality was 50.99 %. The preoperative variability coefficient averaged 32.37 but changed to 30.43 % after surgery. Postoperative average astigmatism was 1.48 D, with induction of 1.51 D. The effective ultrasound time was less than 2 minutes in 80 % of cases. Best uncorrected visual acuity preoperatively was 0.14 and improved to 0.43 in the postoperative phase, but the best corrected visual acuity was 0.29 before surgery and rose to 0.82. The most frequent transurgical complication was rupture of the posterior capsule corneal whereas the corneal edema prevailed after surgery. Conclusions: phacoemulsification using prechop technique is an advantage for the cataract surgery, with an important improvement of final uncorrected and corrected visual acuity, and a very good choice in patients with hard cataract because of the lower impact on the corneal endothelium.

  20. inVestIgating the pSychologIcal and ecONomic impAct of cataRact surgerY in Vietnam: The VISIONARY observational study protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phuc Huynh

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Visual impairment caused by cataracts not only affects an individual's quality of life but can also have a profound impact on other important psychological factors and on the economic circumstances of individuals and their households. Cataract surgery is an effective intervention to restore vision and is also associated with other positive consequences including improvements in quality of life, economic and psychological outcomes. While there has been an increase in the number and quality of cataract surgeries performed in Vietnam, the programs currently in place are still unable to meet the existing demand and need for surgery. Data on both the cost-effectiveness of cataract surgery and the economic and psychological impact of untreated cataract in this setting is lacking. Methods/Design This study, investigating the psychological and economic impact of cataract surgery in Vietnam (VISIONARY, will recruit and interview a sample of adults (18 years or over who are referred for cataract surgery by one of the following sites and their outreach programs: Hue Eye Hospital; Thai Binh Eye Hospital; Binh Dinh Department of Health Eye Hospital and the Vinh Long Department of Health Social Disease Centre. All participants (those who have cataract surgery and those who do not have surgery will be followed up at six and 12 months. Discussion This study is designed to examine the impact of low vision on household economic circumstances and psychological outcomes as well as to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cataract surgery in Vietnam. It will help to inform international and national non-government organisations working in the country and local policy-makers on priorities for further investment in eye-health services in this setting and their relevance to broader economic development goals.

  1. Modulation of amblyopia therapy following early surgery for unilateral congenital cataracts.

    OpenAIRE

    Lloyd, I. C.; Dowler, J G; KRISS, A; Speedwell, L; Thompson, D A; Russell-Eggitt, I; Taylor, D.

    1995-01-01

    BACKGROUND--Stimulus deprivation amblyopia is the principal cause of visual impairment in infants with unilateral congenital cataract. Even if lensectomy is undertaken at an early age, intensive postoperative occlusion of the phakic eye is essential for the development of useful vision in the aphakic eye. Despite this, the optimum method of regulating occlusion therapy is uncertain. METHODS--Interocular acuity differences identified using clinical preferential looking techniques (Keeler cards...

  2. [Ophthalmology in the ancient river cultures. Was cataract surgery performed during the time of King Hammurabi?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieganowski, Lech

    2003-01-01

    The article presents the state of ophthalmological knowledge in the Ancient River Cultures. Medical and ophthalmological information included in King Hammurabi Code is discussed. The author presents a critical analysis of the views related to the hypothesis of possible performance of cataract operation in Babylon during the Hammurabi period. Terminological and medical matters related to this issue are discussed. The original opinion about surgical treatment of symblepharon or pannus trachomatosus is presented. PMID:14552195

  3. Monitoring Cataract Surgical Outcomes: 'Hand Written' Registration Method

    OpenAIRE

    Colin Cook

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this hand written method of monitoring cataract surgery outcomes is to provide a practical method, assisting cataract surgeons and programme managers to monitor qualitatively the results of their cataract surgery. Such monitoring is the key to improving the quality and results of our cataract surgery.The hand registered method is quick, simple, and friendly to use!

  4. Elimination of avoidable blindness due to cataract: Where do we prioritize and how should we monitor this decade?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gudlavalleti VS Murthy

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the final push toward the elimination of avoidable blindness, cataract occupies a position of eminence for the success of the Right to Sight initiative. Aims: Review existing situation and assess what monitoring indicators may be useful to chart progress towards attaining the goals of Vision 2020. Settings and Design: Review of published papers from low and middle income countries since 2000. Materials and Methods: Published population-based data on prevalence of cataract blindness/visual impairment were accessed and prevalence of cataract blindness/visual impairment computed, where not reported. Data on prevalence of cataract blindness, cataract surgical coverage at different visual acuity cut offs, surgical outcomes, and prevalence of cataract surgery were analyzed. Scatter plots were used to look at relationships of some variables, with Human Development Index (HDI rank. Available data on Cataract Surgical Rate (CSR was plotted against prevalence of cataract surgery reported from surveys. Results: Worse HDI Ranks were associated with higher prevalence of cataract blindness. Most studies showed that a significant proportion of the blind were covered by surgery, while a fifth showed that a significant proportion, were operated before they went blind. A good visual outcome after surgery was positively correlated with higher surgical coverage. CSR was positively correlated with cataract surgical coverage. Conclusions: Cataract surgical coverage is increasing in most countries at vision <3/60 and visual outcomes after cataract surgery are improving. Establishing population-based surveillance of cataract surgical need and performance is a strong monitoring tool and will help program planners immensely.

  5. Influence of the prediction error of the first eye undergoing cataract surgery on the refractive outcome of the fellow eye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorodezky L

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Ludmilla Gorodezky,1,2 Babac AE Mazinani,2 Niklas Plange,2 Peter Walter,2 Martin Wenzel,1 Gernot Roessler2 1Petrisberg Eye Clinic, Trier, Germany; 2Department of Ophthalmology, RWTH Technical University of Aachen, Aachen, Germany Introduction: In addition to measurement errors, individual anatomical conditions could be made responsible for unexpected prediction errors in the determination of the correct intraocular lens power for cataract surgery. Obviously, such anatomical conditions might be relevant for both eyes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the postoperative refractive error of the first eye has to be taken in account for the biometry of the second. Methods: In this retrospective study, we included 670 eyes of 335 patients who underwent phacoemulsification and implantation of a foldable intraocular lens in both eyes. According to the SRK/T formula, the postoperative refractive error of each eye was determined and compared with its fellow eye. Results: Of 670 eyes, 622 showed a postoperative refractive error within ±1.0 D (93%, whereas the prediction error was 0.5 D or less in 491 eyes (73%. The postoperative difference between both eyes was within 0.5 D in 71% and within 1.0 D in 93% of the eyes. Comparing the prediction error of an eye and its fellow eye, the error of the fellow eye was about half the value of the other. Conclusion: Our results imply that substitution of half of the prediction error of the first eye into the calculation of the second eye may be useful to reduce the prediction error in the second eye. However, prospective studies should be initiated to demonstrate an improved accuracy for the second eye’s intraocular lens power calculation by partial adjustment. Keywords: cataract surgery, biometry, IOL power calculation, refractive error, fellow eye

  6. Cystoid macular edema after cataract surgery in a patient with previous severe iritis following argon laser peripheral iridoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagnis A

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Alessandro Bagnis1, Sergio Claudio Saccà2, Michele Iester1, Carlo Enrico Traverso11Centro di Ricerca Clinica e Laboratorio per il Glaucoma e la Cornea, Clinica Oculistica Di NOG, University of Genova, 2Division of Ophthalmology, St. Martino Hospital, Genova, ItalyAbstract: This report describes a patient who had exaggerated responses to different inflammatory stimuli represented by laser and incisional surgery, respectively. These separate episodes should have a common link represented by a genetic predisposition to abnormal release of proinflammatory mediators within the eye. This 51-year old Hispanic woman showed a narrow iridocorneal angle with plateau iris configuration. Nd-YAG laser peripheral iridotomy was successfully performed to both eyes. No substantial changes in the iridotrabecular angle occurred despite patent iridotomies, thus confirming the diagnosis of plateau iris configuration. Argon laser iridoplasty was then performed to the right eye, while the left eye was scheduled for a later session. A severe inflammatory reaction within the anterior chamber developed after tapering of a one-week course of steroid therapy. Phacoemulsification of the lens was performed some months later when no signs of inflammation were detectable; no intraoperative complications occurred during surgery and an intraocular lens was placed. Cystoid macular edema developed four weeks after surgery despite no apparent risk factors, and resolved completely after anti-inflammatory medical therapy. Based on this case report, the unusual occurrence of severe iritis after laser treatment should be regarded as a risk factor for any other incisional or nonincisional procedures because it might indicate that the patient's ocular tissues are prone to release of abnormally elevated proinflammatory mediators. Although further studies are needed to confirm this predisposition, prophylactic adjunctive topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration after cataract surgery should be considered in such cases in order to prevent potentially sight-threatening conditions.Keywords: cystoid macular edema, inflammation, laser surgery, plateau iris configuration

  7. Cataract Surgery: Fraud, Waste, and Abuse. A Report by the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    This report is a summary of the findings from the Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care of the United States House of Representatives Select Committee on Aging investigation of cataract surgery and the use of intraocular lenses (IOL's) in the United States. The document provides background on the definition and treatment of cataracts and…

  8. Cataract (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A cataract is a cloudy or opaque area in the lens of the eye. Cataracts usually develop as a person gets older and ... substances can also accelerate the development of a cataract. Cataracts can cause visual problems such as difficulty ...

  9. Molecular Genetics of Cataract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiels, Alan; Hejtmancik, J Fielding

    2015-01-01

    Lens opacities or cataract(s) represent a universally important cause of visual impairment and blindness. Typically, cataract is acquired with aging as a complex disorder involving environmental and genetic risk factors. Cataract may also be inherited with an early onset either in association with other ocular and/or systemic abnormalities or as an isolated lens phenotype. Here we briefly review recent advances in gene discovery for inherited and age-related forms of cataract that are providing new insights into lens development and aging. PMID:26310156

  10. Prospective evaluation of visual outcomes with three presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses following cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Ang RE; Martinez GA; Cruz EM; Tiongson AA; Dela Cruz AG

    2013-01-01

    RE Ang,1,2 GA Martinez,2,3 EM Cruz,1 AA Tiongson,1 AG Dela Cruz1 1Asian Eye Institute, Makati City, Philippines; 2Cardinal Santos Medical Center, San Juan City, Philippines; 3Pasig City General Hospital, Pasig City, Philippines Purpose: To compare the visual acuity and quality of vision achieved with three widely-used intraocular lenses (IOLs) in subjects with bilateral cataracts. Patients and methods: This three-arm, parallel, prospective, partially masked, single-surgeon study randomized 78...

  11. SURGICALLY INDUCED ASTIGMATISM AFTER IMPLANTATION OF FOLDABLE AND NON - FOLDABLE LENSES IN CATARACT SURGERY BY PHACOEMULSIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This prospective comparative study included 300 matched patients of different grades of senile cataract. All of them willfully underwent phacoemulsification at the hands of a single experienced surgeon, performing with a single and individual technique {Woodcutter’s technique 1 }; half of them were implanted with a foldable intraocular lens and the other half with a non - foldable PMMA intraocular lens. All the patients undergoing phacoemulsification had an improvement in vision. There was no statistically significant difference in the surgically induced astigmatism after implanting foldable or non - foldable IOL

  12. Extremely small incisions 25G in surgery of congenital cataracts complicated with microphthalmia in children of the first year of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.M. Bikbov

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Purpose. Aim of the work was a comparative study of the results of cataract surgery with IOL implantation in children with congenital cataracts, complicated with microphthalmia operated on in the age from 1 to 12 months using the 20G and 25G technology. Materials and methods. A comparative study of cataract extraction with IOL implantation and pars plana removal of posterior capsule with a limited anterior vitrectomy were performed in 54 children with congenital cataracts, complicated with microphthalmia operated on in the age from 1 to 12 months (79 eyes. The children were divided into two subgroups: in the first group after the IOL implantation the pars plana removal of posterior capsule with a limited anterior vitrectomy 20G was carried in 26 children (41 eyes, and in the second group - with an access through pars plana using extremely small incisions 25G (28 patients, 38 eyes. Results. In the first subgroup in the early postoperative follow-up the complication rate was higher due to a more frequent occurrence of hyphema and a development of inflammatory reaction, the difference is statistically significant (34.1 and 10.5% respectively, p<0.01. Conclusions. The use of ultra-small accesses 25G, for the posterior casulectomy with the anterior vitrectomy after IOL implantation allows to reduce the quantity of early postoperative complications after removal of congenital cataracts, complicated with microphthalmia.

  13. Down's syndrome and early cataract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haargaard, B; Fledelius, H C

    2006-01-01

    Aims To estimate the occurrence of early cataract among patients with Down's syndrome and to evaluate the clinical characteristics of the cases. Methods Cases with Down's syndrome were ascertained from a cohort of all Danish children between 0 and 17?years of age, who were diagnosed with cataract during the period 1977–2001 (n?=?1027). Information on the patients was obtained from the medical records. Results Of the total of 1027 cases with non?traumatic, non?acquired cataract there were 29 cases (13 males, 16 females) with Down's syndrome (2.8%). This corresponds to an occurrence of early cataract among patients with Down's syndrome of 1.4%; 27 had bilateral cataract and two had unilateral cataract. Half of the patients (n?=?14) underwent cataract surgery, of whom two had bilateral primary lens implantation. 10 patients had bilateral cataract observed soon after birth, and five of these underwent cataract surgery within the first 6?months of life. Conclusion The frequency of early cataract among children with Down's syndrome is estimated to be 1.4%, with cataracts requiring surgery during childhood being even rarer. In one third of the 29 cases, bilateral cataract was detected in the neonatal period. PMID:16672328

  14. Genetics Home Reference: Hypomyelination and congenital cataract

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Hypomyelination and congenital cataract On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance Diagnosis ... Reviewed July 2009 What is hypomyelination and congenital cataract? Hypomyelination and congenital cataract is an inherited condition ...

  15. Genetics Home Reference: Hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Recent literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance ... Glossary definitions Reviewed August 2012 What is hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome? Hyperferritinemia-cataract syndrome is a disorder characterized ...

  16. Secondary cataract: an epidemiologic and clinical survey at the Yaounde Gynaeco-obstetric and Paediatric Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eballé AO

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available André Omgbwa Eballé1,3, Augustin Ellong2, Guy Patrick Ella2, Viola Andin Dohvoma2, Assumpta Lucienne Bella2, Côme Ebana Mvogo11Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 3Yaoundé Gynaeco-obstetric and Paediatric Hospital, Yaoundé, CameroonObjective: To determine the incidence and risk factors of secondary cataract.Materials and methods: A retrospective study involving a review of medical records in the ophthalmology unit of the Yaoundé Gynaeco-obstetric and Paediatric Hospital in Yaoundé, Cameroon, was carried out. All patients who had cataract surgery between January 2006 and September 2010 were included. Variables included age, sex, past medical history, morphology of primary cataract, type of surgery, intraocular lens implantation, site of implantation, intra- and postoperative complications, and the time lapse for the presentation of secondary cataract. Both univariate and bivariate analyses were carried out. The X2 test was used to compare proportions, and P-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant.Results: A total of 864 eyes of 718 patients had cataract surgery. Ninety-two eyes developed posterior capsule opacification, giving an incidence of 10.65%. The mean age of patients who developed secondary cataract was 52.3 ± 23.05 years, with a range of 4 years to 84 years. Secondary cataract was more frequent in the age group of 0–20 years. The time lapse for presentation of secondary cataract was 64.7 ± 9.53 days, with a range of 1 to 504 days. Risk factors for the development of secondary cataract were age (P = 0.000, sex (P = 0.011, cortical cataract (P = 0.000, and postoperative inflammation (P = 0.000.Conclusion: The incidence of secondary cataract, though high in this study, is lower than that reported in other studies.Keywords: cataract, secondary cataract, incidence, Cameroon

  17. First experience with the new high-frequency femtosecond laser system (LDV Z8 for cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pajic B

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bojan Pajic,1–3 Iraklis Vastardis,1,2 Zisis Gatzioufas,1 Brigitte Pajic-Eggspuehler1 1Swiss Eye Research Foundation, Eye Clinic ORASIS, Reinach, Switzerland; 2Eye Hospital VIDAR-ORASIS Swiss, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; 3Medical Faculty, Military Medical Academy, University of Defense, Belgrade, Serbia Background: The purpose of this work is to report our experience using the new Z8 laser system for femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS and to provide a sample of the performance and safety results using this new technology. Methods: This prospective observational study was performed at the Swiss Eye Research Foundation, Eye Clinic ORASIS, Reinach, Switzerland. Fourteen patients were subjected to unilateral FLACS. Capsulotomy and lens fragmentation were performed with the aid of the LDV Z8 femtosecond laser system. Ease of phacoemulsification (on a 4-point scale, completeness of capsulotomy (on a 10-point scale, time for preparation of femtosecond laser (minutes, effective phacoemulsification time (seconds, total duration of surgery (minutes, and safety of the procedure were evaluated. Results: Ease of fragmentation and completeness of capsulotomy were estimated at 3.9 and 9.9, respectively. The preparation time for femtosecond was 3.6±0.7 minutes, effective phacoemulsification time was 2.5±3.1 seconds, and total duration of the FLACS procedure was 16.3±4.5 minutes. No major complications were observed. Approximately 42% of all patients (6/14 showed Descemet’s folds directly postoperatively. Conclusion: FLACS with the LDV Z8 system was characterized by complete capsulotomy and highly effective and reproducible lens fragmentation. The safety of the procedure was very good as perceived by the surgeon operating in this observational case series. The cost to benefit ratio should be further debated by assessing the results of a major prospective study, which is required for valid evaluation of the efficiency and safety of the LDV Z8 laser system and of FLACS in general. Keywords: femtosecond laser, cataract surgery, effective phacoemulsification time, complications

  18. Measuring benefits and patients' satisfaction when glasses are not needed after cataract and presbyopia surgery: scoring and psychometric validation of the Freedom from Glasses Value Scale (FGVS©)

    OpenAIRE

    Arnould Benoit; Meunier Juliette; Berdeaux Gilles; Viala-Danten Muriel

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to reduce the number of items, create a scoring method and assess the psychometric properties of the Freedom from Glasses Value Scale (FGVS), which measures benefits of freedom from glasses perceived by cataract and presbyopic patients after multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) surgery. Methods The 21-item FGVS, developed simultaneously in French and Spanish, was administered by phone during an observational study to 152 French and 152 Spanish pa...

  19. Patient-reported benefit of ReSTOR® multi-focal intraocular lenses after cataract surgery: Results of Principal Component Analysis on clinical trial data

    OpenAIRE

    Viala Muriel; Berdeaux Gilles; Roborel de Climens Aude; Arnould Benoit

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Restoration of functional distance and near vision independently of additional correction remains a goal for cataract surgery. ReSTOR®, a new multi-focal intraocular lens (IOL) addresses this issue with an improvement in both distance and near vision, often without need for glasses. This analysis attempted to discuss the patient-reported benefit of ReSTOR® using a full but organised representation of data. Methods Two non-randomised, open-label clinical trials conducted in...

  20. Preoperative cataract surgery use of an intravitreal dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) in a patient with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and chronic anterior uveitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cordero-Coma, Miguel; Garzo, Irene; Calleja, Sara; Galán, Elena; Franco, Manuel; Ruíz de Morales, José G

    2013-12-01

    We report a 6-year-old boy with anterior uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who underwent cataract extraction in his right eye. One month before surgery he received an intravitreal sustained-release dexamethasone implant. During 10 months' follow-up, his uveitis remained quiet. To our knowledge this is the first report using an intravitreal sustained-release dexamethasone implant as a perioperative anti-inflammatory medication. PMID:24215803

  1. Comparison of 5% povidone-iodine solution against 1% povidone-iodine solution in preoperative cataract surgery antisepsis: a prospective randomised double blind study

    OpenAIRE

    Ferguson, A. W.; Scott, J. A.; McGavigan, J; Elton, R.A.; McLean, J.; Schmidt, U; Kelkar, R; DHILLON;, B.

    2003-01-01

    Background/aim: Povidone-iodine (PI, Betadine) is routinely used as a preoperative topical antiseptic in cataract surgery as it has been shown to reduce the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis. However, the concentration used clinically is variable. In vitro studies have shown that PI is paradoxically more effective at lower concentration. This study was undertaken to determine if this effect was reproducible in vivo.

  2. Post-cataract Prevention of Inflammation and Macular Edema by Steroid and Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Eye Drops : A Systematic Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessel, Line; Tendal, Britta

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Favorable outcome after cataract surgery depends on proper control of the inflammatory response induced by cataract surgery. Pseudophakic cystoid macular edema is an important cause of visual decline after uncomplicated cataract surgery. DESIGN: We compared the efficacy of topical steroids with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in controlling inflammation and preventing pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) after uncomplicated cataract surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing uncomplicated surgery for age-related cataract. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search in Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases to identify randomized trials published from 1996 onward comparing topical steroids with topical NSAIDs in controlling inflammation and preventing PCME in patients undergoing phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation for age-related cataract. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postoperative inflammation and pseudophakic cystoid macular edema. RESULTS: Fifteen randomized trials were identified. Postoperative inflammation was less in patients randomized to NSAIDs. The prevalence of PCME was significantly higher in the steroid group than in the NSAID group: 3.8% versus 25.3% of patients, risk ratio 5.35 (95% confidence interval, 2.94-9.76). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of adverse events in the 2 treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found low to moderate quality of evidence that topical NSAIDs are more effective in controlling postoperative inflammation after cataract surgery. We found high-quality evidence that topical NSAIDs are more effective than topical steroids in preventing PCME. The use of topical NSAIDs was not associated with an increased events. We recommend using topical NSAIDs to prevent inflammation and PCME after routine cataract surgery.

  3. Post-cataract prevention of inflammation and macular edema by steroid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory eye drops : a systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kessel, Line; Tendal, Britta

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: Favorable outcome after cataract surgery depends on proper control of the inflammatory response induced by cataract surgery. Pseudophakic cystoid macular edema is an important cause of visual decline after uncomplicated cataract surgery. DESIGN: We compared the efficacy of topical steroids with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in controlling inflammation and preventing pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) after uncomplicated cataract surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing uncomplicated surgery for age-related cataract. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search in Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases to identify randomized trials published from 1996 onward comparing topical steroids with topical NSAIDs in controlling inflammation and preventing PCME in patients undergoing phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation for age-related cataract. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Postoperative inflammation and pseudophakic cystoid macular edema. RESULTS: Fifteen randomized trials were identified. Postoperative inflammation was less in patients randomized to NSAIDs. The prevalence of PCME was significantly higher in the steroid group than in the NSAID group: 3.8% versus 25.3% of patients, risk ratio 5.35 (95% confidence interval, 2.94-9.76). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of adverse events in the 2 treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found low to moderate quality of evidence that topical NSAIDs are more effective in controlling postoperative inflammation after cataract surgery. We found high-quality evidence that topical NSAIDs are more effective than topical steroids in preventing PCME. The use of topical NSAIDs was not associated with an increased events. We recommend using topical NSAIDs to prevent inflammation and PCME after routine cataract surgery.

  4. SURGICALLY INDUCED ASTIGMATISM AFTER 2.8 MM TEMPORAL AND NASAL CLEAR CORNEAL INCISIONS IN PHACOEMULSIFICATION CATARACT SURGERY OF SAME PATIENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeti

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the surgically induced astigmatism in phacoemulsification cataract surgery after 2.8 mm temporal and nasal clear corneal incision of same patient . MATERIAL AND METHOD : This prospective study comprised a consecutive case series of 60 eyes. Eyes from 30 patients with phacoemulsification those were implanted with a 6.00 mm foldable intraocular le ns through a 2.8 mm horizontal clear corneal incision (temporal in the right eye , nasal in the left eye. RESULTS : T he outcome measures were surgically induced astigmatism (SIA and uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA , at 1 and 3 months post - operatively. A 1 month the mean SIA was 0.81 D. for the temporal incision and 0.92 D for nasal incision (P = 0.139 at 3 months the mean SIA was 0.53 D for temporal incision and 0.62 D for nasal incision (P =0.309. The pre - operative parameters i.e. (UCVA , mean keratomet ry & keratometric cylinder between these groups were comparable. There was no statistically significant difference found between three groups pre - operatively . CONCLUSION : After cataract surgery using 2.8mm temporal and nasal horizontal corneal incision , t he induced corneal astigmatic changes was similar in both incision groups. Especially in Asian eyes , both temporal and nasal incisions (2.8 mm or less would be equally favourable for astigmatism neutral cataract surgery

  5. Colirio de diclofenaco sódico en cirugía de catarata por facoemulsificación Diclofenac sodium eyedrops in cataract's surgery by phacoemulsification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanele Ruiz Rodríguez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Determinar la efectividad clínica del diclofenaco sódico en colirio para mantener la midriasis pupilar durante la cirugía de catarata por facoemusificación y disminuir la inflamación en el posoperatorio, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" durante el año 2010. MÉTODOS: Se estudiaron 40 ojos distribuidos al azar en dos grupos de 20 cada uno: a se les aplicó en el preoperatorio y posoperatorio tratamiento tópico de rutina, y b se les adicionó diclofenaco sódico en colirio durante el preoperatorio y la primera semana del posoperatorio. Se midieron los diámetros pupilares al inicio de la cirugía y al finalizar la aspiración de restos corticales. Se evaluaron los pacientes en el posoperatorio a las 24 horas, a los seis días y al mes de la intervención; se observó la presencia o no de hiperemia cilioconjuntival y celularidad en cámara anterior. RESULTADOS: Se observó que los pacientes en quienes se utilizó el diclofenaco sódico en colirio mantuvieron mayor grado de midriasis. A las 24 horas el número de pacientes del grupo 1 que presentaron hiperemia cilioconjuntival y celularidad en el humor acuoso fue superior a los del grupo 2, mientras que a los seis días y al mes estas variables se comportaron de forma similar en ambos grupos de estudio. CONCLUSIONES: Se ha comprobado que el diclofenaco sódico en colirio es efectivo en el mantenimiento de la midriasis transoperatoria y ofrece ventajas al disminuir la inflamación en la cirugía de catarata.OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness of diclofenac sodium eyedrops to maintain the pupillary mydriasis during cataract surgery by phacoemulsification and to decrease the postoperative inflammation in patients seen in the "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology over 2010. METHODS: Forty eyes were studied randomly distributed in two groups of 20 eyes each: a in preoperative and postoperative periods a routine topical treatment was applied and b eyedrops diclofenac sodium was added during the preoperative period and for the first week of postoperative period. The pupillary diameters were measured at onset of surgery and the end the aspiration or cortical remainders. The patients in the postoperative period were assessed at 24 hours, at 6 days and at month after intervention; there was or not of hyperemia cilioconjunctival and cellularity in the aqueous humor was higher than that of the group 2, whereas at 6 days and at month, these variables behaved if a similar way in both study groups. RESULTS: It was observed that the patients in whom the sodium diclofenac was used maintained a higher degree of mydriasis. After 24 hours of the surgery the number of patients of group I that showed cilioconjuntival injection and cellularity in anterior chamber was higher that the number of group 2, whereas after six days and after a month of the surgery these variables behaved in a similar form in both training groups. CONCLUSIONS: It was proved that the eyedrops diclofenac sodium is effective in maintenance of transoperative mydriasis and also decreases the inflammation in cataract's surgery.

  6. Colirio de diclofenaco sódico en cirugía de catarata por facoemulsificación / Diclofenac sodium eyedrops in cataract's surgery by phacoemulsification

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yanele, Ruiz Rodríguez; Yoanner, Martín Perera; Iramis, Miranda Hernández; Raydel, Ibarra Ávila; Juan Raúl, Hernández Silva; Madelyn, Jareño Ochoa.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Determinar la efectividad clínica del diclofenaco sódico en colirio para mantener la midriasis pupilar durante la cirugía de catarata por facoemusificación y disminuir la inflamación en el posoperatorio, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" durante el año 2010. MÉTO [...] DOS: Se estudiaron 40 ojos distribuidos al azar en dos grupos de 20 cada uno: a) se les aplicó en el preoperatorio y posoperatorio tratamiento tópico de rutina, y b) se les adicionó diclofenaco sódico en colirio durante el preoperatorio y la primera semana del posoperatorio. Se midieron los diámetros pupilares al inicio de la cirugía y al finalizar la aspiración de restos corticales. Se evaluaron los pacientes en el posoperatorio a las 24 horas, a los seis días y al mes de la intervención; se observó la presencia o no de hiperemia cilioconjuntival y celularidad en cámara anterior. RESULTADOS: Se observó que los pacientes en quienes se utilizó el diclofenaco sódico en colirio mantuvieron mayor grado de midriasis. A las 24 horas el número de pacientes del grupo 1 que presentaron hiperemia cilioconjuntival y celularidad en el humor acuoso fue superior a los del grupo 2, mientras que a los seis días y al mes estas variables se comportaron de forma similar en ambos grupos de estudio. CONCLUSIONES: Se ha comprobado que el diclofenaco sódico en colirio es efectivo en el mantenimiento de la midriasis transoperatoria y ofrece ventajas al disminuir la inflamación en la cirugía de catarata. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness of diclofenac sodium eyedrops to maintain the pupillary mydriasis during cataract surgery by phacoemulsification and to decrease the postoperative inflammation in patients seen in the "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology over 2010. [...] METHODS: Forty eyes were studied randomly distributed in two groups of 20 eyes each: a) in preoperative and postoperative periods a routine topical treatment was applied and b) eyedrops diclofenac sodium was added during the preoperative period and for the first week of postoperative period. The pupillary diameters were measured at onset of surgery and the end the aspiration or cortical remainders. The patients in the postoperative period were assessed at 24 hours, at 6 days and at month after intervention; there was or not of hyperemia cilioconjunctival and cellularity in the aqueous humor was higher than that of the group 2, whereas at 6 days and at month, these variables behaved if a similar way in both study groups. RESULTS: It was observed that the patients in whom the sodium diclofenac was used maintained a higher degree of mydriasis. After 24 hours of the surgery the number of patients of group I that showed cilioconjuntival injection and cellularity in anterior chamber was higher that the number of group 2, whereas after six days and after a month of the surgery these variables behaved in a similar form in both training groups. CONCLUSIONS: It was proved that the eyedrops diclofenac sodium is effective in maintenance of transoperative mydriasis and also decreases the inflammation in cataract's surgery.

  7. Pattern of refractive correction and timing of stage II IOL implantation after congenital cataract extraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan; Lin, Haotian

    2014-12-01

    Congenital cataract occurs during infancy when the axial length and corneal and visual function are in the sensitive stages of rapid development. Inappropriate surgical intervention not only fails to restore visual function, but also causes irreversible serious influences upon eyeball development in children diagnosed with congenital cataract. At present, the uncertainty of selection of intraocular lens (IOL) degrees during the eyeball development period is averted by using a main treatment of congenital cataract that includes two-stage surgery: stage I cataract extraction and stage II IOL implantation. However, the accurate selection of a refractive correction method and the timing of IOL implantation during stage II surgery for aphakic eyes remains controversial following stage I cataract extraction. This review retrospectively summarizes the current progress and existing problems indicated by related recent studies focusing on refractive correction pattern and IOL implantation timing. PMID:26016078

  8. Incisiones limbares relajantes y cirugía de la catarata: nuestra experiencia / Limbal relaxing incisions and cataract surgery: our experience

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    I., Coloma-González; M., González-Herrera; E., Mengual-Verdú; J.R., Hueso-Abancens.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar la reducción del astigmatismo corneal preexistente en la cirugía de catarata mediante incisiones limbares relajantes (ILRs). Método: Estudio prospectivo de dos grupos de pacientes (tratamiento y control) con astigmatismo prequirúrgico ?1D. Los 30 pacientes del grupo control fueron [...] sometidos a facoemulsificación por incisión temporal en córnea clara y los 32 pacientes del grupo tratamiento a ILRs junto a facoemulsificación por incisión temporal en córnea clara. Se usó el test de Holladay para valorar la eficacia del tratamiento. Asimismo, presentamos un pequeño estudio de la prevalencia y distribución del astigmatismo en nuestra población de trabajo. Resultados: El seguimiento promedio de los 62 pacientes fue de 3 meses, con un cambio astigmático medio a los 3 meses de -0.55D (-0,75 a -0,35) en el grupo tratamiento y de 0.04D (-0,3 a 0,3) en el grupo control (p Abstract in english Purpose: To evaluate the reduction of pre-existing corneal astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery with limbal relaxing incisions (LRIs). Methods: A prospective study of two groups of patients (treatment and control) with pre-existing astigmatism ?1D was performed. The 30 patients in the control [...] group had a temporal clear corneal phacoemulsification and the 32 patients of treatment group had combined temporal clear corneal phacoemulsification and LRIs. Holladay analysis was used to assess the efficacy of treatment. An astigmatism distribution and prevalence study in our population is also presented. Results: Three months after surgery, the mean astigmatism change was -0.55D (-0.75 to -0.35) in the treatment group and 0.04D (-0.3 to 0.3) in the control group (p

  9. CIRUGÍA EXTRACAPSULAR DE CATARATAS CON LENTE INTRAOCULAR EN UN CANINO: REPORTE DE CASO / EXTRACAPSULAR CATARACT SURGERY WITH INTRAOCULAR LENS IN A DOG: A CASE REPORT

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S. P, Acevedo; S. C, Ramírez; M, Restrepo.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo expone el caso de Muñeco, un perro macho de 12 años de edad de raza poodle que presenta cataratas bilaterales desde hace cinco meses, perdiendo de manera progresiva su visión, hasta el punto que presentó ceguera total. Durante el examen clínico se encontró un paciente con soplo [...] 3/6 de la válvula mitral, al que se le diagnosticó insuficiencia valvular mitral por endocardiosis valvular. En el examen oftalmológico se encontraron ambos ojos con epífora leve y cataratas seniles hipermaduras. Por tanto, el paciente fue intervenido quirúrgicamente para extraer la catarata y colocar en su lugar un lente intraocular, utilizando la técnica conocida como cirugía extracapsular de cataratas. Luego de esto, el paciente recuperó su capacidad visual después de llevar varios años con ceguera bilateral. Abstract in english This article presents the case of Muñeco, a poodle, male; 12 years of age, which presents opaqueness in both eyes for five months, losing his vision progressively until reaching total blindness. During the clinical examination we found a patient with heart murmur 3/6 in mitral valve, diagnosed with [...] mild mitral regurgitation secondary to valvular endocardiosis. In the ophthalmological examination we found mild bilateral epiphora, opacity of the crystalline lens and hyper mature senile Cataracts. The patient underwent surgery to remove the cataract and an intraocular lens was placed using a technique known as extracapsular cataract surgery. The patient recovered visual capacity after several years of being blind in both eyes.

  10. An analysis of the visual results when using toric lenses in cataract surgery

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    Astor Grumann Junior

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the postoperative results when using the toric IOL during phacoemulsification. Methods: Retrospective cohort based study on the 95 eyes of 67 patients, selected by a census. Analyzed patients with cataracts who had undergone phacoemulsification placement with AcrySof® toric IOL from january 2010 to december 2012. For analysis purposes, it was considered successful when the residual astigmatism was d”0.75 diopters. The Wilcoxon test for related samples was used to compare non-parametric samples, while the Student T test was used for samples with normal distribution. A p d”0.05 significance level was granted. Results: The average age of the population was 73.00 (±10.87, there was a higher incidence of females (56.8% and no difference in the side of the affected eye. The average preoperative spherical component was 0.86 (±2.89, since the average cylindrical component was -1.53 (±1.09, with a predominance of the shaft against the rule (51.6%. The logarithmic visual acuity (logMAR preoperative average was 0.32 (±0.25. The average postoperative spherical component was -0.02 (±0.53. Surgical success was obtained in 71 eyes (74.7% having a significant decrease (p <0.001 in the cylindrical component and postoperative logarithmic visual acuity, with the respective values of - 0.61 (±0.55 and 0.08 (±0.14, with the remaining axis against the rule (33.7%. Conclusions: The toric lenses were safe and reproducible with regards to postoperative results and therefore an important option for obtaining excellent final refractometric results.

  11. Prospective evaluation of visual outcomes with three presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses following cataract surgery

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    Ang RE

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available RE Ang,1,2 GA Martinez,2,3 EM Cruz,1 AA Tiongson,1 AG Dela Cruz1 1Asian Eye Institute, Makati City, Philippines; 2Cardinal Santos Medical Center, San Juan City, Philippines; 3Pasig City General Hospital, Pasig City, Philippines Purpose: To compare the visual acuity and quality of vision achieved with three widely-used intraocular lenses (IOLs in subjects with bilateral cataracts. Patients and methods: This three-arm, parallel, prospective, partially masked, single-surgeon study randomized 78 subjects to receive bilateral Crystalens® Advanced Optics (AO accommodating IOLs, AcrySof® IQ ReSTOR® +3.0 multifocal IOLs, or TECNIS® Multifocal IOLs. Examinations were assessed through days 120 to 180. Results: The Crystalens AO group had statistically significantly better monocular and binocular, high-contrast (HC and low-contrast (LC uncorrected intermediate visual acuity, HC and LC distance-corrected intermediate visual acuity, and significantly fewer monocular and binocular halos and starbursts than did the ReSTOR and TECNIS groups. Monocular and binocular, HC and LC uncorrected near visual acuity exhibited no significant differences among the three lenses. For monocular and binocular HC distance-corrected near visual acuity, the Crystalens AO performed significantly better than the TECNIS and was not significantly different from the ReSTOR. For monocular and binocular LC distance-corrected near visual acuity, the Crystalens AO performed significantly better than both the ReSTOR and the TECNIS. Contrast sensitivity was clinically similar between groups. The Crystalens AO produced statistically fewer halos and starbursts. Conclusion: All three IOLs had excellent uncorrected acuity results at all distances and had good safety, confirming the established safety and effectiveness of these IOLs. Distance and near vision were similar between all three IOLs, and the Crystalens AO provided statistically significantly better intermediate vision. Keywords: Crystalens, accommodating, AcrySof, TECNIS, multifocal

  12. Bariatric surgery and pregnancy: literature review

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    Pedro Ferrand Miranda

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Obesity has currently reached epidemic proportions, both in Chile and in the world. This condition is associated to a variety of maternal complications in all stages of the vital cycle and during pregnancy. Medical treatment has not proved successful thus resulting in an increase in bariatric surgery in recent years, even when it is not first line treatment. This literature review aims to report updated results of surgical treatment for obesity before and during pregnancy with respect to fertility, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension. It also looks into the possible effects of surgery on fetal development, and its relation to premature delivery, fetal macrosomy, low birth weight and neural tube defects, as well as effects on maternal and fetal outcomes, mainly in nutrition. Lastly, we suggest some recommendations that arise from this review on the role of contraception, nutrition and time between surgery and pregnancy.

  13. inVestIgating the pSychologIcal and ecONomic impAct of cataRact surgerY in Vietnam: The VISIONARY observational study protocol

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    Phuc Huynh; Hanh Duc Nguyen; Mueller Andreas; Hackett Maree L; Essue Beverley M; Jan Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Visual impairment caused by cataracts not only affects an individual's quality of life but can also have a profound impact on other important psychological factors and on the economic circumstances of individuals and their households. Cataract surgery is an effective intervention to restore vision and is also associated with other positive consequences including improvements in quality of life, economic and psychological outcomes. While there has been an increase in the nu...

  14. Cataratas pediátricas: estudio epidemiológico y diagnóstico: Análisis retrospectivo de 79 casos / Pediatric cataracts: epidemiology and diagnosis. Retrospective review of 79 cases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    S., Perucho-Martínez; J., De-la-Cruz-Bertolo; P., Tejada-Palacios.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar las características epidemiológicas, diagnósticas y terapéuticas de un grupo de cataratas de nuestro medio con el propósito de mejorar el pronóstico visual de estos pacientes. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 79 casos de cataratas pediátricas durante un periodo de 18 años (1986 [...] -2004). Hemos diferenciado dos grupos etiológicos de trabajo: cataratas congénitas y cataratas adquiridas. Resultados: La causa más frecuente entre las congénitas fue la idiopática (68%) y la más frecuente de las adquiridas fue traumática (90%). La morfología más frecuente de las congénitas fue la nuclear 0,31 (31%). El 56% de las cataratas congénitas fueron bilaterales. El 27% de las cataratas congénitas se asociaban a otras anomalías oculares y la más frecuente fue el microftalmos. El signo clínico de presentación más frecuente de las cataratas congénitas fue la leucocoria, en 0,44 (44%). El 75% (0,75) de las cataratas congénitas de nuestro medio tardan menos de un mes en diagnosticarse desde la manifestación clínica. El 58% (0,58) de las cataratas congénitas se trataron con cirugía y el 50% de ellas tardaron menos de 1 mes en operarse. El 90% (0,9) de las adquiridas se trataron con cirugía y el 95% de ellas tardaron menos de un mes en operarse. Conclusiones: En nuestra serie conseguimos un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz en un alto porcentaje de pacientes. El pronóstico visual de estos niños viene determinado por la precocidad en el diagnóstico y el tratamiento, es por ello que debemos continuar intentando acortar este período de tiempo y conseguir que todos los niños sean diagnosticados y tratados precozmente. Abstract in english Purpose: To determine the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment features in a group of pediatric patients with cataracts treated at our hospital. The aim was to improve the visual prognosis in these patients. Methods: 79 children with cataracts were reviewed retrospectively during an 18 year period [...] (1986-2004). This involved patients with congenital cataracts and those who acquired them later. Most of the latter group had a traumatic etiology (90%). Results: The etiology of most cataracts was idiopathic (68%) for the congenital group and traumatic (90%) for the acquired group. Congenital cataracts were frequently nuclear in type (31%) with 56% being bilateral. 27% of the congenital group were associated with dysmorphic eye features, the most frequent being microphthalmos. The most frequent presenting feature was leucokoria, seen in 44% of patients. 75% of congenital cataracts were diagnosed within one month of clinical manifestation. 58% of the congenital cataracts were treated by surgery and 50% of these were performed within one month of the diagnosis. 90% of the acquired cataracts were treated surgically, and 95% of these were performed less than one month after diagnosis. Conclusions: We attained a prompt diagnosis and treatment in a high percentage of cases. Prompt diagnosis and treatment will determine the visual prognosis of these patients. We must continue trying to shorten this period of time in order that all children with this condition are diagnosed and treated urgently and efficiently.

  15. Analysis of protein composition of rabbit aqueous humor following two different cataract surgery incision procedures using 2-DE and LC-MS/MS

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    McDonnell Peter J

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aqueous humor (AH, a liquid of the anterior and posterior chamber of the eye, comprises many proteins with various roles and important biological functions. Many of these proteins have not been identified yet and their functions in AH are still unknown. Recently, our laboratory published the protein database of AH obtained from healthy rabbits which expanded known protein identifications by 65%. Our present study extends our previous work and analyses AH following two types of cataract surgery incision procedures (clear corneal and limbal incisions by using two dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS. Although both incision protocols are commonly used during cataract surgeries, the difference in protein composition and their release into AH following each surgery has never been systematically compared and remains unclear. The first step, which is the focus of this work, is to assess the scale of the protein change, at which time does maximum release occurs and when possible, to identify protein changes. Results Samples of AH obtained prior to surgery and at different time points (0.5, 2, 12, 24 and 48 hours following surgery (n = 3/protocol underwent protein concentration determination, 2-DE and LC-MS/MS. There was a large (9.7 to 31.2 mg/mL and rapid (~0.5 hour influx of proteins into AH following either incision with a return to baseline quantities after 12 hours and 24 hours for clear corneal and limbal incision, respectively. We identified 80 non-redundant proteins, and compared to our previous study on healthy AH, 67.5% of proteins were found to be surgery-specific. In addition, 51% of those proteins have been found either in clear corneal (20% or limbal incision (31% samples. Conclusions Our results imply that a mechanism of protein release into AH after surgery is a global response to the surgery rather than increase in amount of protective proteins found in healthy AH and a mechanism of protein release for each type of incision procedure could be different. Although the total protein concentration was increased (at 0.5 and 2 hour time points and between types of surgery many of 2-DE protein spots were similar based on 2-DE and MS analyses, and only a small number of protein spots changed with either the time points or surgical conditions (0.4 -1.9%. This suggests that the high protein content is due to an increase in the concentration of the same proteins with only a few unique proteins being altered per time point and with the different surgery type. This is the first report on the comparison of AH protein composition following two different cataract surgery procedures and it establishes the basis for better understanding of protein release into AH during events such as cataract surgery or other possible intervention to the eyes.

  16. Three cases of extracapsular cataract extraction for radiation cataract

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    Hirokane, Kenji; Kosaka, Toshiya; Nii, Hiroki; Kiuchi, Yoshiaki; Nakano, Kensuke; Choshi, Kanji [Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    1996-02-01

    Extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation was performed on 4 eyes of 3 patients with radiation cataract. Case 1 was a 60-year-old man who was exposed to the ionizing radiation of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima 730 meters from the center of the explosion. He developed atomic bomb radiation senile cataracts in both eyes. Despite cataract surgery, a central plaque remained on the posterior capsule in the region corresponding to the central dense opacity in both eyes. Case 2 was an 81-year-old man who was in a streetcar 1,000 meters from the center of the explosion at the time of the atomic bombing. Senile and radiation-induced cataract decreased the visual acuity in both eyes. After extracapsular cataract extraction in his right eye, central opacification and a fibrous white membrane remained on the posterior capsule. These were removed by Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy six days after surgery. Case 3 was a 56-year-old man who developed radiation cataract after radiation therapy to a malignant lymphoma in the right orbit. Phacoemulsification and aspiration could not remove the fibrous white membrane from the posterior capsule in this case. Central opacities and fibrous white membranes on the posterior capsule after cataract surgery appears to be a characteristic of radiation cataract. (author).

  17. Three cases of extracapsular cataract extraction for radiation cataract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implantation was performed on 4 eyes of 3 patients with radiation cataract. Case 1 was a 60-year-old man who was exposed to the ionizing radiation of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima 730 meters from the center of the explosion. He developed atomic bomb radiation senile cataracts in both eyes. Despite cataract surgery, a central plaque remained on the posterior capsule in the region corresponding to the central dense opacity in both eyes. Case 2 was an 81-year-old man who was in a streetcar 1,000 meters from the center of the explosion at the time of the atomic bombing. Senile and radiation-induced cataract decreased the visual acuity in both eyes. After extracapsular cataract extraction in his right eye, central opacification and a fibrous white membrane remained on the posterior capsule. These were removed by Nd-YAG laser capsulotomy six days after surgery. Case 3 was a 56-year-old man who developed radiation cataract after radiation therapy to a malignant lymphoma in the right orbit. Phacoemulsification and aspiration could not remove the fibrous white membrane from the posterior capsule in this case. Central opacities and fibrous white membranes on the posterior capsule after cataract surgery appears to be a characteristic of radiation cataract. (author)

  18. Conjunctival endogenous microbiota in patients submitted to cataract surgery Microbiota endógena conjuntival em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata

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    Claudete I. Locatelli

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial isolation, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were carried out in ocular material collected with swab and polimethylmethacrylate (PMMA or silicone intraocular lenses (IOL from forty six patients submitted to cataract surgery. Seventy six isolates and seven different microorganisms were identified. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS were the predominant microorganisms isolated from swabs (71.4% of cases, PMMA lenses (81.3% and silicon lenses (77.8%. Coagulase-negative staphylococci isolates revealed high resistance to penicillin G followed by tetracycline, chloramphenicol and aminoglicosides. However, these isolates displayed great susceptibility to vancomycin, cephalothin and ofloxacin. Except for penicillin G, Staphylococcus aureus was very sensitive to the antimicrobial agents including oxacillin. Among Gram-negatives, Proteus mirabilis was prevalent and presented high resistance to tetracycline and chloramphenicol. Enterococcus isolates were vancomycin sensitive.A partir de material ocular coletado de 46 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata foram realizados isolamento, identificação e teste de susceptibilidade de microrganismos frente a antimicrobianos, utilizando-se suabes e lentes intraoculares (LIO. Foram obtidos 76 isolados e identificados 7 tipos de microrganismos. Estafilococos coagulase-negativos (CNS foram os microrganismos mais freqüentemente detectados de suabes (71,4% dos casos, lentes de PMMA (81,3% e lentes de silicone (77,8%. Isolados de CNS apresentaram elevada resistência à penicilina G, seguida por tetraciclina, cloranfenicol e aminoglicosídeos. No entanto, estes isolados mostraram grande sensibilidade à vancomicina, cefalotina e ofloxacina. Com exceção da penicilina G, os isolados de Staphylococcus aureus foram bastante sensíveis aos agentes antimicrobianos, incluindo a oxacilina. Entre as gram-negativas, Proteus mirabilis foi a bactéria mais freqüente e também se mostrou bastante resistente à tetraciclina e ao cloranfenicol. Os isolados de Enterococcus se mostraram sensíveis à vancomicina.

  19. Conjunctival endogenous microbiota in patients submitted to cataract surgery / Microbiota endógena conjuntival em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Claudete I., Locatelli; Sérgio, Kwitko; Amauri Braga, Simonetti.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available A partir de material ocular coletado de 46 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata foram realizados isolamento, identificação e teste de susceptibilidade de microrganismos frente a antimicrobianos, utilizando-se suabes e lentes intraoculares (LIO). Foram obtidos 76 isolados e identificados 7 tip [...] os de microrganismos. Estafilococos coagulase-negativos (CNS) foram os microrganismos mais freqüentemente detectados de suabes (71,4% dos casos), lentes de PMMA (81,3%) e lentes de silicone (77,8%). Isolados de CNS apresentaram elevada resistência à penicilina G, seguida por tetraciclina, cloranfenicol e aminoglicosídeos. No entanto, estes isolados mostraram grande sensibilidade à vancomicina, cefalotina e ofloxacina. Com exceção da penicilina G, os isolados de Staphylococcus aureus foram bastante sensíveis aos agentes antimicrobianos, incluindo a oxacilina. Entre as gram-negativas, Proteus mirabilis foi a bactéria mais freqüente e também se mostrou bastante resistente à tetraciclina e ao cloranfenicol. Os isolados de Enterococcus se mostraram sensíveis à vancomicina. Abstract in english Bacterial isolation, identification and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were carried out in ocular material collected with swab and polimethylmethacrylate (PMMA) or silicone intraocular lenses (IOL) from forty six patients submitted to cataract surgery. Seventy six isolates and seven different mi [...] croorganisms were identified. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) were the predominant microorganisms isolated from swabs (71.4% of cases), PMMA lenses (81.3%) and silicon lenses (77.8%). Coagulase-negative staphylococci isolates revealed high resistance to penicillin G followed by tetracycline, chloramphenicol and aminoglicosides. However, these isolates displayed great susceptibility to vancomycin, cephalothin and ofloxacin. Except for penicillin G, Staphylococcus aureus was very sensitive to the antimicrobial agents including oxacillin. Among Gram-negatives, Proteus mirabilis was prevalent and presented high resistance to tetracycline and chloramphenicol. Enterococcus isolates were vancomycin sensitive.

  20. Diabetic Vitrectomy Surgery

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... lens, and that can lead to problems with cataracts as well. 00:07:17 BEATTY G. SUITER, ... Dr. Dyer, if you are diabetic and having cataract surgery, will you also need a vitrectomy surgery? ...

  1. Patient-reported benefit of ReSTOR® multi-focal intraocular lenses after cataract surgery: Results of Principal Component Analysis on clinical trial data

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    Viala Muriel

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Restoration of functional distance and near vision independently of additional correction remains a goal for cataract surgery. ReSTOR®, a new multi-focal intraocular lens (IOL addresses this issue with an improvement in both distance and near vision, often without need for glasses. This analysis attempted to discuss the patient-reported benefit of ReSTOR® using a full but organised representation of data. Methods Two non-randomised, open-label clinical trials conducted in Europe and the United-States were conducted to compare the efficacy of ReSTOR® to AcrySof® mono-focal IOLs. A total of 710 patients in need of bilateral cataract extraction were included in the pooled study. The TyPE, a patient questionnaire, was fully completed by 672 of them before and after each eye surgery. The TyPE, composed of 67 items measuring overall visual functioning in both conditions (with and without wearing glasses, evaluates limitations, troubles and satisfaction in distance and near vision. A principal component analysis (PCA of the TyPE questionnaire was performed on pooled data from baseline and post-surgery observations in order to fully represent the change in the TyPE data over time. ReSTOR® and mono-focal groups were used as illustrative variables. The coordinates of the first 2 factors were compared between visits and between IOLs (ReSTOR® vs. mono-focal, using paired t-tests and t-tests, respectively. Results The first factor of the PCA explained 55% of the variance and represented 'visual functioning and patient satisfaction'. The second factor explained 6% of the variance and was interpreted as 'independence from glasses'. An overall difference in factorial coordinates in both factors was seen between baseline and the first eye surgery, and between the first and the second eye surgery. No difference between ReSTOR® and mono-focal IOL groups was observed at baseline. After surgery, ReSTOR® treated-patients had higher coordinates on both "visual functioning and satisfaction" and "independence from glasses" factors. Findings observed on the factorial plan were supported by statistical comparisons of factorial coordinates. Conclusion Both mono-focal and ReSTOR®-implanted patients improved their visual functioning after bilateral cataract surgery. Moreover, ReSTOR® patients reported an additional benefit in independence from glasses as well as in visual functioning and patient satisfaction.

  2. Impact of Cataract Surgery on the Psychological State of the Elderly Repercusión de la cirugía de catarata en el estado psicológico del adulto mayor

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    Aleima Rodríguez Carvajal

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Progressively aging populations are one of the most distinctive demographic phenomena of the last decades. The elderly represent a particular risk group because typical characteristics of this stage of life, commonly associated with loss, are added to regular causes of psychopathologic disorders in today's social life. Objective: To assess the impact of cataract surgery on the psychological state of the elderly. Methods: A descriptive correlational study was conducted. The sample included 80 elder patients who attended the outpatient cataract pre-surgery consultation in the General University Hospital of Cienfuegos. They all presented some kind of affective disorder. The following psychosocial variables were analyzed: anxiety, depression, self-esteem and lifestyle. Sociodemographic variables such as age, sex, skin color, personal address, people they live with, education and occupation were also considered. Results: Predominant groups were those of females, white skinned, over 71 years old, average school level, married, living in urban residences and within a multigenerational household. Depression levels were high (30 % before surgery. After surgery they decreased in a 5 %. High levels of anxiety also decreased from 53 % to 10 %. Inadequate self-esteem before surgery (65 % decreased to 20 % after surgery. Conclusions: Cataract surgery has a favorable effect on the psychological status of the elderly.Fundamento: el progresivo envejecimiento poblacional es uno de los fenómenos demográficos más característicos de las últimas décadas, los ancianos constituyen un grupo de riesgo, pues a los factores desencadenantes de trastornos psicopatológicos propios de la sociedad actual se le asocian otros más específicos inherentes a la etapa de pérdida que constituye la ancianidad. Objetivo: valorar la repercusión de la cirugía de catarata en el estado psicológico del adulto mayor. Métodos: estudio descriptivo correlacional que incluyó 80 ancianos que acudieron a la consulta de pre operatorio de catarata del Hospital de Cienfuegos, con alguna afectación en el funcionamiento afectivo. Se analizaron variables psicosociales como ansiedad, depresión, autovaloración, estilo de vida y variables sociodemográficas como edad, sexo, color de la piel, residencia, convivencia, escolaridad y ocupación. Resultados: predominaron el sexo femenino, color de piel blanca y los mayores de 71 años, con escolaridad media, casados, de residencia urbana, que viven en el seno de una familia multigeneracional. El grado de depresión alta (30 % antes de la cirugía, bajó a 5 % después de esta; asimismo la ansiedad alta descendió de un 53 % a un 10 %; la autovaloración inadecuada antes de la operación (65 % descendió a 20 % después de ella. Conclusiones: la operación de catarata repercute favorablemente en el estado psicológico del adulto mayor.

  3. Intracameral dexamethasone reduces inflammation on the first postoperative day after cataract surgery in eyes with and without glaucoma

    OpenAIRE

    Diane TW Chang; Herceg, Michael C; Bilonick, Richard A; Larissa Camejo; et. al.

    2009-01-01

    Diane TW Chang, Michael C Herceg, Richard A Bilonick, Larissa Camejo, Joel S Schuman, Robert J NoeckerDepartment of Ophthalmology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Eye Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USAPurpose: To evaluate whether dexamethasone injected intracamerally at the conclusion of surgery can safely and effectively reduce postoperative inflammation and improve surgical outcomes in eyes with and without glaucoma.Methods: Retrospective chart review of 176 consecutive eyes from...

  4. Cataract surgery: emotional reactions of patients with monocular versus binocular vision / Cirurgia de catarata: aspectos emocionais de pacientes com visão monocular versus binocular

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberta Ferrari, Marback; Rodrigo França de, Espíndola; Marcony Rodrigues de, Santhiago; Edméa Rita, Temporini; Newton, Kara-Junior.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar reações emocionais relacionadas à cirurgia de catarata entre pacientes com visão monocular (Grupo 1) e binocular (Grupo 2). MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo tranversal, comparativo por meio de um questionário estruturado respondido por pacientes antes da cirurgia de catarata. RES [...] ULTADOS: A amostra foi composta de 96 pacientes no Grupo 1 (69.3 ± 10.4 anos) e 110 no Grupo 2 (68.2 ± 10.2 anos). Consideravam apresentar medo da cirugia 40.6% do Grupo 1 e 22.7% do Grupo 2 (p Abstract in english PURPOSE: To analyze emotional reactions related to cataract surgery in two groups of patients (monocular vision - Group 1; binocular vision - Group 2). METHODS: A transversal comparative study was performed using a structured questionnaire from a previous exploratory study before cataract surgery. R [...] ESULTS: 206 patients were enrolled in the study, 96 individuals in Group 1 (69.3 ± 10.4 years) and 110 in Group 2 (68.2 ± 10.2 years). Most patients in group 1 (40.6%) and 22.7% of group 2, reported fear of surgery (p

  5. Congenital cataract surgery with intraocular lens implantation in microphthalmic eyes: visual outcomes and complications / Cirurgia de catarata congênita com implante de lente intraocular em olhos microftálmicos: resultados visuais e complicações

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marcelo Carvalho, Ventura; Virgínia Vilar, Sampaio; Bruna Vieira, Ventura; Liana Oliveira, Ventura; Walton, Nosé.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Relatar os resultados visuais e as complicações da cirurgia de catarata congênita com implante primário de lente intraocular em olhos microftálmicos de crianças menores de 4 anos. MÉTODOS: Esta série de casos retrospectiva incluiu 14 olhos microftálmicos de 10 crianças menores de 4 anos q [...] ue foram submetidas à cirurgia de catarata congênita com implante primário de lente intraocular. Sete pacientes tinham catarata bilateral (11 foram incluídos no estudo) e 3 tinham catarata unilateral. Os prontuários dos pacientes foram revisados para se obter informação sobre o exame oftalmológico pré- e pós-operatório. As principais variáveis analisadas foram pressão intraocular, acuidade visual com melhor correção e complicações intra- e pós-operatórias. RESULTADOS: A média da idade dos pacientes na época da cirurgia foi de 21,7 ± 2,9 meses. O diâmetro antero-posterior médio foi de 19,2 ± 0,9 mm. A pressão intraocular média pré-operatória foi 9,7 ± 1,7 mmHg e 10,3 ± 3,1 mmHg no último exame de acompanhamento pós-operatório (P=0,18). Não houve complicações intraoperatórias. Dois (15,4%) olhos desenvolveram opacificação secundária do eixo visual, dos quais um foi reoperado devido à baixa visual significativa (0,5 logMAR). AV pré- e pós-operatórias foram 2,09 ± 0,97 logMAR e 0,38 ± 0,08 logMAR em casos de catarata congênita bilateral e 1,83 ± 1,04 logMAR e 0,42 ± 0,13 logMAR em casos unilaterais, respectivamente. CONCLUSÃO: O implante primário de lente intraocular em cirurgia de catarata congênita em olhos microftálmicos resultou em uma melhora significativa da acuidade visual com nenhuma complicação intraoperatória e com pouca complicação no pós-operatório. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To report the visual outcomes and complications of congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation in microphthalmic eyes of children younger than 4 years of age. METHODS:This retrospective interventional case series included 14 microphthalmic eyes from 10 children wh [...] o underwent congenital cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens implantation younger than 4 years of age. Seven patients had bilateral cataracts (11 eyes met the study's inclusion criteria) and 3 patients had unilateral cataract. Patients' medical charts were reviewed to obtain information regarding the preoperative and postoperative ophthalmological examination. Main outcome measures were intraocular pressure (IOP), best-corrected visual acuity, and intraoperative and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mean age at the time of surgery was 21.7 ± 2.9 months. Mean ocular axial length was 19.2 ± 0.9 mm. Mean preoperative IOP was 9.7 ± 1.7 mmHg and 10.3 ± 3.1 mmHg on final follow-up (P=0.18). There were no intraoperative complications. Two (15.4%) eyes developed secondary visual axis opacification, of which only one needed to be reoperated due to significantly decreased vision (0.5 logMAR). Preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 2.09 ± 0.97 logMAR and 0.38 ± 0.08 logMAR in bilateral cases and 1.83 ± 1.04 logMAR and 0.42 ± 0.13 logMAR in unilateral cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: Primary intraocular lens implantation in congenital cataract surgery in microphthalmic eyes resulted in a significant best-corrected visual acuity improvement with no intraoperative complications and minimal postoperative complications.

  6. Impact of Cataract Surgery on Quality of Life in People Aged 50 Years and Above in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Odisha, East India

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    Dhananjaya Sharma, Satyajit Pattnaik, Kumaresan Kuppusamy, Ashok Bhoorsamy, Om Prakash Panigrahi

    2015-01-01

    Results: Out of 231 participants, 204 could be followed up at six months. The proportion of people with a visual acuity of > 6/60 increased from 10.8% to 85.8%. Overall vision related quality of life improved significantly (p<0.001. There was significant improvement in general quality of life over all five domains of mobility, self-care, usual activity, pain and anxiety/depression (p<0.001. Conclusion: This study findings indicate that cataract surgery in people above 50 years not only restore their vision but also brought about a positive improvement in their vision related and general health related quality of life."

  7. Effect of melatonin and gabapentin on anxiety and pain associated with retrobulbar eye block for cataract surgery: A randomized double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzieh-Beigom Khezri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To compare the effect of melatonin and gabapentin on anxiety, pain, sedation scores, and satisfaction of surgeon in patients of cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: One hundred thirty patients aged between 35 and 85 years scheduled for cataract surgery were randomly allocated to three study groups to receive melatonin (6 mg, gabapentin (600 mg or placebo 90 min before arrival in the operating room. Pain, anxiety, and sedation scores during block and surgery as well as the surgeon?s satisfaction with the surgery were assessed. Results: Anxiety scores decreased significantly in melatonin and gabapentin groups compared to the placebo group after premedication and extended to early postoperative period. The level of anxiety showed no statistically significant difference between melatonin and gabapentin groups at any time of measurement. There were significant differences between the pain scores during retrobulbar placement in gabapentin versus placebo (95% CI 3 to 4; P = 0.001 and melatonin (95% CI 3 to 4; P = 0.040 groups. Also, there were significant differences between the sedation scores during retrobulbar placement in gabapentin and placebo groups (95% CI 2 to 2.5; P = 0.046. The difference in sedation scores during retrobulbar placement in melatonin versus gabapentin and placebo groups was not significant. Neither the intraoperative pain scores nor the postoperative pain scores were different between the three groups. The surgeon reported similar quality of operation conditions during surgery for the three study groups. Conclusion: The level of anxiety was significantly lower with both anxiolytic drugs compared to placebo. Furthermore, gabapentin decreased the pain and improved the sedation scores only during retrobulbar placement compared to the placebo.

  8. Effect of prior cataract surgery on the long-term outcome of selective laser trabeculoplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Shazly, Tarek A; Latina, Mark A; Dagianis, John J; et al.

    2011-01-01

    Tarek A Shazly1, Mark A Latina2, John J Dagianis3, Satyakant Chitturi41Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 2Reading Health Center, Reading, MA, USA; 3Nashua Eye Associates, Nashua, NH, USA; 4Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, IndiaObjective: To determine if pseudophakia affects selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect.Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on 94 eyes of 75 consecut...

  9. Long-Term Visual Outcomes of Secondary Intraocular Lens Implantation in Children with Congenital Cataracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yongxiang; Lu, Yi

    2015-01-01

    Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term visual outcomes and factors affecting visual results in children undergoing secondary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation following primary congenital cataract extraction. Methods Children with congenital cataracts who underwent secondary IOL implantation for aphakia at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University between January 1, 2001, and December 31, 2007, were retrospectively reviewed. One eye was randomly selected in children with bilateral cataracts. Laterality, type of cataract (total or partial opacity), sex, age at primary and secondary surgeries, visual axis opacity (VAO), compliance with amblyopia therapy, postoperative ocular complications, refractive error, ocular alignment, and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at last follow-up were recorded; potential factors that might have affected the visual results were evaluated. Results Seventy-six bilateral and 34 unilateral congenital cataract cases were analyzed; the mean ages of the children were 12.70±5.06 and 12.50±2.71 years at final follow-up, the mean follow-up periods from IOL implantation were 94.93±24.22 and 109.09±18.89 months, and the mean BCVA (Log MAR) values were 0.51±0.37 and 1.05±0.46, respectively. Final BCVA after secondary IOL implantation was significantly associated with laterality, type of cataract, age at primary cataract extraction, compliance with amblyopia therapy, and refractive correction after surgery. No significant associations were found between BCVA and sex, age at secondary IOL implantation, VAO, or other ocular complications. The most common ocular complications were VAO and elevated intraocular pressure after surgery. There were no other complications, with the exception of one eye with IOL dislocation. Conclusions The results indicate that the important determinants of long-term visual outcomes in children with congenital cataracts undergoing secondary IOL implantation are laterality, cataract type, age at initial cataract extraction, compliance with amblyopia therapy, and refractive error. PMID:26230501

  10. Impacto de la cirugía de catarata: agudeza visual y calidad de vida / Impact of cataract surgery on visual acuity and quality of life

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Cabezas-León; J., García-Caballero; P., Morente-Matas.

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Medir el impacto de la cirugía de catarata sobre la calidad de vida y agudeza visual. Métodos: Se mide la calidad de vida en pacientes intervenidos de Catarata de cuarenta y seis a noventa y dos años de edad, de ambos géneros y con un nivel intelectual que les permitiera comprender el cues [...] tionario (SF-36). Se completó el cuestionario antes del acto quirúrgico seis y dieciocho meses después. La agudeza visual se mide con el optotipo de Snellen. Resultados: Se realizaron 150 cuestionarios. La edad media fue de 74,32 años (DE 6,44). El dolor corporal fue mejorando de forma significativa. La función social, salud general, evolución declarada de la salud, rol físico y función física tienen una evolución similar, manteniendo una mejoría significativa entre la primera y tercera consulta. No existieron diferencias significativas en el rol emocional ni en la vitalidad. La salud mental ha ido empeorando en las sucesivas consultas con diferencias significativas entre ellas. Los valores medios de agudeza visual son 18,39%, 66,01% y 69,02%. Conclusiones: La facoemulsificación es un método efectivo y seguro para mejorar la calidad de vida, sobre todo en los aspectos físicos. La disminución de la limitación de roles debido a problemas de salud físicos tras la cirugía es concordante con la mejora física. La agudeza visual aumenta claramente tras la cirugía. Los cuestionarios genéricos de calidad de vida como el SF-36 se pueden utilizar como medida de resultado de la cirugía de catarata. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate visual acuity and quality of life improvement after cataract surgery. Methods: Visual acuity and quality of life were assessed in patients undergoing phaco-emulsification. They were of both genders, ranged from forty-six to ninety-two years of age, and were able to understand [...] the SF-36 quality of life questionnaire which explores the differences in quality of life before and after surgery. The questionnaire was completed before cataract surgery and again 6 and 18 months later. Visual acuity was measured with Snellen optotype. Results: The answers of 150 patients were evaluated in this study. The average age was 74.32 years. After the surgery the body pain results increased, with this shown to be statistically significant. The social function, general health, perception, role limitation due to physical problems and physical function significantly improved between the first and third consultations. There were no significant differences in role limitation due to emotional problems, nor in vitality. The mental health dimension became worse between consultations although there was no statistically significant difference found. The average values for Visual Acuity were 18.39, 66.01 and 69.02 at the three timed assessments made. Conclusions: Cataract surgery performed by phacoemulsification has been proven to be effective in improving quality of life, especially in physical aspects, according to the improvement in role limitation due to physical problems. Visual acuity also improves after surgery. Disease specific instruments, such as the SF-36, should be used as the outcome measure in clinical practice after cataract surgery.

  11. Reversible Cataract as the Presenting Sign of Diabetes Mellitus: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review

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    Xiu Min Wang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM is the most common form of diabetes in young children. Serious optic complications, e.g. diabetic retinopathy and diabetic cataract involvement, are not usually detected in T1DM patients at the onset of the disease.Case Presentation: Two girls aged 11 years and 9 years were hospitalized in our unit in 2008 and 2009. They presented cataracts 1 and 6 months before the diagnosis of T1DM, respectively. After blood glucose level was controlled by insulin therapy, the cataract was resolved, totally in one and partly in the other girl. Meanwhile, visual acuity of both cases recovered, closely associated with fluctuation of plasma glucose level. In this study, we describe the symptoms, probable mechanism and treatment of diabetic cataract.Conclusion: Early antihyperglycemic therapy and maintenance of stable blood glucose level may reverse acute diabetic cataract or prevent it from getting worse.

  12. Reversible Cataract as the Presenting Sign of Diabetes Mellitus: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Yan Jin

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM is the most common form of diabetes in young children.Serious optic complications, e.g. diabetic retinopathy and diabetic cataract involvement, are not usually detected in T1DM patients at the onset of the disease.Case Presentation: Two girls aged 11 years and 9 years were hospitalized in our unit in 2008 and 2009. They presented cataracts 1 and 6 months before the diagnosis of T1DM, respectively. After blood glucose level was controlled by insulin therapy, the cataract was resolved, totally in one and partly in the other girl. Meanwhile,visual acuity of both cases recovered, closely associated with fluctuation of plasma glucose level. In this study,we describe the symptoms, probable mechanism and treatment of diabetic cataract.Conclusion: Early antihyperglycemic therapy and maintenance of stable blood glucose level may reverse acute diabetic cataract or prevent it from getting worse.

  13. Limitantes en la cirugía de catarata desde una perspectiva científico- tecnológica / Limiting factors in the surgery of cataracts from a scientific-technological perspective

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Janet, González Sotero; Eduardo, Rojas Álvarez; Alexei, Díaz Pérez; Ariadna, Pérez Ruíz; Liliana, Taño Lazo.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: valorar la cirugía de catarata desde la perspectiva científico-tecnológica y su impacto social en el contexto del subdesarrollo. Método: se realizó un estudio exploratorio en el periodo comprendido de octubre a diciembre de 2010 sobre el tema. Se utilizaron los buscadores médicos: Medline, [...] Ebesco, Hinari, Scielo y otros. Se resumió la información en vistas a la presentación del informe final de la investigación. Además, se empleó la entrevista a expertos. Desarrollo: las Ciencias Médicas constituyen un ejemplo de la interacción ciencia-tecnología-sociedad, y la Oftalmología que no ha estado ajena a estos problemas actuales, entre los que se encuentra la alta prevalencia de ceguera por catarata, cuyo tratamiento es quirúrgico, y con respecto al cual existe un gran desarrollo técnico y científico. A pesar de ello, el número de personas ciegas por esta causa es de millones, estando ubicados la mayoría de los casos no caprichosamente en los países no desarrollados. Conclusiones: las principales limitantes sociales para la cirugía de catarata son: falta de mano de obra entrenada e insumos, elevado costo de la cirugía, falta de calidad en los servicios, lejanía de los hospitales, barreras sociales y culturales, desconocimiento acerca de los servicios, miedo a los resultados negativos de la cirugía y falta de voluntad política de los gobiernos. Cuba cuenta con un programa nacional de prevención de ceguera y constituye un paradigma dentro de la Oftalmología mundial. Abstract in english Objective: to assess the surgery of cataracts from a scientific-technological perspective and its social impact in the underdeveloped context. Method: an exploratory study from October to December 2010 about the topic. The theme was sought out in the Bibliographic Database of Medline, Ebsco, Hinari, [...] Scielo and others. The information was collected to write the final report of the research, as well as interviews to experts. Development: Medical Sciences constitute an example of the interaction science-technology-society and Ophthalmology has always been aware of current problems, among them the prevalence of blindness due to cataracts, which treatment is surgical, where technical and scientific developments are observed. Despite; there are millions of blind people, the majority of them from the underdeveloped countries capriciously. Conclusion: the main social limiting factors to perform the cataract surgeries are: lack of trained human resources and medical supplies, the high cost of the surgery, lack of quality in health services, remoteness of hospital facilities, social and cultural barriers, ignorance about health services, fears to negative surgery outcomes and lack of political will of the governments. Cuba has designed a national program to prevent blindness and constitutes a worldwide paradigm in Ophthalmology.

  14. Limitantes en la cirugía de catarata desde una perspectiva científico- tecnológica Limiting factors in the surgery of cataracts from a scientific-technological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet González Sotero

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: valorar la cirugía de catarata desde la perspectiva científico-tecnológica y su impacto social en el contexto del subdesarrollo. Método: se realizó un estudio exploratorio en el periodo comprendido de octubre a diciembre de 2010 sobre el tema. Se utilizaron los buscadores médicos: Medline, Ebesco, Hinari, Scielo y otros. Se resumió la información en vistas a la presentación del informe final de la investigación. Además, se empleó la entrevista a expertos. Desarrollo: las Ciencias Médicas constituyen un ejemplo de la interacción ciencia-tecnología-sociedad, y la Oftalmología que no ha estado ajena a estos problemas actuales, entre los que se encuentra la alta prevalencia de ceguera por catarata, cuyo tratamiento es quirúrgico, y con respecto al cual existe un gran desarrollo técnico y científico. A pesar de ello, el número de personas ciegas por esta causa es de millones, estando ubicados la mayoría de los casos no caprichosamente en los países no desarrollados. Conclusiones: las principales limitantes sociales para la cirugía de catarata son: falta de mano de obra entrenada e insumos, elevado costo de la cirugía, falta de calidad en los servicios, lejanía de los hospitales, barreras sociales y culturales, desconocimiento acerca de los servicios, miedo a los resultados negativos de la cirugía y falta de voluntad política de los gobiernos. Cuba cuenta con un programa nacional de prevención de ceguera y constituye un paradigma dentro de la Oftalmología mundial.Objective: to assess the surgery of cataracts from a scientific-technological perspective and its social impact in the underdeveloped context. Method: an exploratory study from October to December 2010 about the topic. The theme was sought out in the Bibliographic Database of Medline, Ebsco, Hinari, Scielo and others. The information was collected to write the final report of the research, as well as interviews to experts. Development: Medical Sciences constitute an example of the interaction science-technology-society and Ophthalmology has always been aware of current problems, among them the prevalence of blindness due to cataracts, which treatment is surgical, where technical and scientific developments are observed. Despite; there are millions of blind people, the majority of them from the underdeveloped countries capriciously. Conclusion: the main social limiting factors to perform the cataract surgeries are: lack of trained human resources and medical supplies, the high cost of the surgery, lack of quality in health services, remoteness of hospital facilities, social and cultural barriers, ignorance about health services, fears to negative surgery outcomes and lack of political will of the governments. Cuba has designed a national program to prevent blindness and constitutes a worldwide paradigm in Ophthalmology.

  15. Modificaciones del endotelio corneal en cirugía de catarata simultánea con vitrectomía / Changes of the corneal endothelium in cataract surgery combined with vitrectomy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Zucell Ana, Veitía Rovirosa; Malvys, Vidal Castillo; Juan Raúl, Hernández Silva; Eneida de la Caridad, Pérez Candelaria; Ileana, Vila Dopico; Francisco, Fumero González.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: determinar el comportamiento del endotelio corneal en pacientes sometidos a cirugías simultáneas de vítreo y catarata. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo. El universo lo constituyó 15 pacientes (15 ojos) sometidos a cirugías de catarata y vítreo de form [...] a simultánea. El estudio se efectúo en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" de enero a noviembre de 2010. Resultados: la mayoría de los pacientes fueron hombres entre 53 y 67 años de edad. Las principales causas de indicación quirúrgica de vitrectomía pars plana fueron el desprendimiento de retina y la hemorragia vítrea. La densidad celular promedio antes de la cirugía y después de esta mostró una pérdida de 634 células (26,8 %). La ausencia de polimegatismo y sus formas leves predominaron en el preoperatorio, hubo un incremento hacia formas moderadas y severas en el posoperatorio. El pleomorfismo se comportó de forma similar al polimegatismo. Las complicaciones posquirúrgicas fueron hipertensión ocular, síndrome tóxico del segmento anterior y uveítis anterior. Conclusiones: valorar el estado del endotelio antes de la cirugía permite trazar una estrategia quirúrgica encaminada a proteger esta importante capa corneal y establecer un pronóstico visual del paciente. De esta forma permite evaluar su comportamiento en el posoperatorio. Abstract in english Objective: to determine the corneal endothelium behavior in the cataract surgery and vitrectomy performed simultaneously. Methods: a prospective, descriptive and observational research was carried out in “Ramón Pando Ferrer” Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January to November 2010. The sample [...] was made up of 15 eyes from 15 patients, who had undergone cataract surgery and vitrectomy simultaneously. Results: most of the patients were men aged 53 to 67 years. The main causes to indicate the pars plana vitrectomy were retinal detachment and vitreous hemorrhage. Before and after surgery, the average cellular density showed loss of 634 cells (26,8%). Mild polymegatism forms were not detected before surgery but moderate as well as severe forms were observed after surgery. Pleomorphism behaved similarly to polymegatism. Three complications were observed after surgery: ocular hypertension, toxic syndrome of the anterior segment and the anterior uveitis. Conclusions: the evaluation of the state of the corneal endothelium behavior before surgery helps drawing up a surgical strategy to protect this important corneal layer and to establish a visual prognosis of the patient as well as to evaluate the postsurgical progress.

  16. Surgery and complementary therapies: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petry, J J

    2000-09-01

    The incorporation of complementary therapies into the surgical setting has been slow compared to that of other areas of conventional medicine. This paper summarizes the available information on complementary therapies in surgery from a broad range of sources in the medical literature. The effects of psychological distress on the surgical patient and potential relief from that distress by such methods as relaxation techniques, hypnosis, suggestion, and imagery, as well as the role of coping style and locus of control on choice of therapy are reviewed. The role of acupuncture, music, massage therapy, therapeutic touch, and Reiki, as well as the use of herbs and supplements in modifying surgical outcome, is explored. PMID:10979163

  17. Cataract Vision Simulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for distance, will I be able to read music without glasses at a distance of 23 inches? Aug 30, 2015 Cataract Surgery by the Numbers © 2015 American Academy of Ophthalmology medical disclaimer privacy policy sponsorship & advertising policies about us Educational Resources EyeWiki contact us ...

  18. Cirurgia combinada de catarata e glaucoma com ponto escleral perilímbico: técnica cirúrgica e resultados a longo prazo / Combined cataract and glaucoma surgery with scleral peri-limbic suture: surgical technique and long-term results

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luciano Sólia, Násser; Pedro Eleutério dos, Santos Neto; Lívia Máris Ribeiro, Paranaíba; Luciana dos Mares Guia, Ribeiro; Luciano Pimenta de, Figueiredo; Hercílio, Martelli Júnior.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os resultados da cirurgia combinada de catarata e glaucoma (FACO-TREC) e apresentar a técnica com o ponto escleral perilímbico. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo por levantamento de prontuários com informações sobre a pressão intraocular, acuidade visual, medicação hipotensora antes e [...] depois da cirurgia e descrição do ato cirúrgico combinado (FACO-TREC), com acompanhamento mínimo de seis meses. Foram selecionados 10 pacientes com glaucoma e catarata (15 olhos), acompanhados de janeiro de 2005 a junho de 2007, no Departamento de Glaucoma da Santa Casa Olhos de Montes Claros (MG). A cirurgia de TREC utilizada foi a de base fórnix, sem uso de Mitomicina C, com a incisão principal da cirurgia de catarata realizada no mesmo sítio da TREC. A confecção do ponto escleral perilímbico se dá como uma sutura que se inicia na esclera nua, passa por cima do retalho escleral e é ancorada na esclera do outro lado do retalho. A conjuntiva é suturada com pontos simples por sobre o ponto. RESULTADOS: A acuidade visual, após seis meses da cirurgia mostrou-se melhor em 86,6% (13) dos olhos, inalterada em 6,66% (1 olho) e pior em 6,66%. A pressão intraocular média pré-operatória foi de 18,02 mmHg, a pós-operatória após 6 meses foi de 15,06 mmHg. Cinquenta por cento dos olhos operados ficaram livres dos colírios. CONCLUSÃO: Conclui-se que o ponto escleral perilímbico apresentou resultados favoráveis na obtenção de uma melhora na acuidade visual, redução da pressão intraocular e uma diminuição significativa no uso de drogas hipotensoras à custa de um número muito pequeno de complicações. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To analyze the results of combined cataract and glaucoma surgery and to present the technique with scleral peri-limbic suture. METHODS: Retrospective study with review of the data about intraocular pressure, visual acuity, antihypertensive medication before and after surgery and description [...] of the combined surgery technique, with follow up of six months. We selected 10 patients with glaucoma and cataract (15 eyes) followed up from January 2005 to June 2007 from Santa Casa Olhos de Montes Claros (MG). The glaucoma surgery was fornix-based, without use of mitomycin C, with the main cataract surgery incision performed on the same site The preparation of the scleral peri-limbic suture is given as a suture that begins on bare sclera, passes over the scleral flap and is anchored in the sclera on the other side of flap. The conjunctiva is sutured over the peri-limbic point. RESULTS: The visual acuity after six months of surgery was better in 86.6% of eyes, unchanged in 6.66% (one eye) and worse in 6.66. The mean preoperative IOP was 18.02 mmHg, after six postoperative months was 15.06 mmHg. Fifty percente of the eyes were free of eye drops. CONCLUSION: We conclude that scleral limbic suture showed favorable results in obtaining an improvement in visual acuity, reduction of intraocular pressure and a significant decrease in the use of hypotensive drugs at the expense of a very small number of complications.

  19. Medicare use and cost of short-stay hospital services by enrollees with cataract, 1984

    OpenAIRE

    Ruther, Martin; Black, Cheryl

    1987-01-01

    In this article, we present data on aged and disabled Medicare hospital insurance enrollees discharged with the principal diagnosis of cataract from short-stay hospitals. Medical technology has reduced the risk of cataract surgery and the time needed to perform the surgery. As a result, the number of enrollees undergoing cataract surgery has increased. Also, such surgery has been shifted from inpatient hospitals to outpatient facilities. However, outpatient reimbursement for cataract surgery ...

  20. A Comparison of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery post-myopic LASIK/PRK Intraocular Lens (IOL calculator and the Ocular MD IOL calculator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hsu M

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available David L DeMill1, Majid Moshirfar1, Marcus C Neuffer1, Maylon Hsu1, Shameema Sikder21John A Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; 2Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USABackground: To compare the average values of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (ASCRS and Ocular MD intraocular lens (IOL calculators to assess their accuracy in predicting IOL power in patients with prior laser-in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK or photorefractive keratectomy.Methods: In this retrospective study, data from 21 eyes with previous LASIK or photorefractive keratectomy for myopia and subsequent cataract surgery was used in an IOL calculator comparison. The predicted IOL powers of the Ocular MD SRK/T, Ocular MD Haigis, and ASCRS averages were compared. The Ocular MD average (composed of an average of Ocular MD SRK/T and Ocular MD Haigis and the all calculator average (composed of an average of Ocular MD SRK/T, Ocular MD Haigis, and ASCRS were also compared. Primary outcome measures were mean arithmetic and absolute IOL prediction error, variance in mean arithmetic IOL prediction error, and the percentage of eyes within ±0.50 and ±1.00 D.Results: The Ocular MD SRK/T and Ocular MD Haigis averages produced mean arithmetic IOL prediction errors of 0.57 and –0.61 diopters (D, respectively, which were significantly larger than errors from the ASCRS, Ocular MD, and all calculator averages (0.11, –0.02, and 0.02 D, respectively, all P < 0.05. There was no statistically significant difference between the methods in absolute IOL prediction error, variance, or the percentage of eyes with outcomes within ±0.50 and ±1.00 D.Conclusion: The ASCRS average was more accurate in predicting IOL power than the Ocular MD SRK/T and Ocular MD Haigis averages alone. Our methods using combinations of these averages which, when compared with the individual averages, showed a trend of decreased mean arithmetic IOL prediction error, mean absolute upper limit of IOL prediction error, and variance, while increasing the percentage of outcomes within ±0.50 D.Keywords: laser-in-situ keratomileusis, photorefractive keratectomy, intraocular lens calculator, ocular MD, American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

  1. Measuring visual symptoms in British cataract patients: the cataract symptom scale

    OpenAIRE

    Crabtree, H; Hildreth, A; O Connell, J.; Phelan, P.; ALLEN, D; Gray, C

    1999-01-01

    AIMS—To develop and validate a scale for the measurement of visual symptoms and functional disability due to cataract in older UK residents.?METHODS—In depth semistructured interviews were undertaken with 44 consecutive patients awaiting cataract surgery. Patients were asked to describe visual symptoms and problems with social functioning which were then incorporated into a questionnaire, the cataract symptom scale (CSS). The CSS was further examined in a cohort of 118 consecutive cataract pa...

  2. Characterization of molecular mechanisms of in vivo UVR induced cataract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galichanin, Konstantin; Talebizadeh, Nooshin; Söderberg, Per

    2012-01-01

    Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in the world (1). The World Health Organization defines cataract as a clouding of the lens of the eye which impedes the transfer of light. Cataract is a multi-factorial disease associated with diabetes, smoking, ultraviolet radiation (UVR), alcohol, ionizing radiation, steroids and hypertension. There is strong experimental (2-4) and epidemiological evidence (5,6) that UVR causes cataract. We developed an animal model for UVR B induced cataract in both anesthetized (7) and non-anesthetized animals (8). The only cure for cataract is surgery but this treatment is not accessible to all. It has been estimated that a delay of onset of cataract for 10 years could reduce the need for cataract surgery by 50% (9). To delay the incidence of cataract, it is needed to understand the mechanisms of cataract formation and find effective prevention strategies. Among the mechanisms for cataract development, apoptosis plays a crucial role in initiation of cataract in humans and animals (10). Our focus has recently been apoptosis in the lens as the mechanism for cataract development (8,11,12). It is anticipated that a better understanding of the effect of UVR on the apoptosis pathway will provide possibilities for discovery of new pharmaceuticals to prevent cataract. In this article, we describe how cataract can be experimentally induced by in vivo exposure to UVR-B. Further RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry are presented as tools to study molecular mechanisms of UVR-B induced cataract. PMID:23222480

  3. Pacientes com astigmatismo submetidos à cirurgia de catarata: LIO tórica x LIO asférica? / Patients with astigmatism who underwent cataract surgery by phacoemulsification: toric IOL x asferic IOL?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Emilio de Almeida, Torres Netto; Marina Carvalho, Gulin; Marcio, Zapparoli; Hamilton, Moreira.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Comparar a acuidade visual dos pacientes que foram submetidos à facoemulsificação com implante de LIO AcrySof® tórica versus LIO AcrySof® IQ e avaliar a redução da dioptria cilíndrica (DC) pós-operatória. MÉTODOS: Estudo analítico retrospectivo de 149 olhos submetidos à cirurgia de catara [...] ta por facoemulsificação, com astigmatismo ceratométrico regular, simétrico, com 1 dioptria ou mais. Foram divididos em dois grupos. O grupo tórica com 85 olhos e o grupo não tórica com 64 olhos. No pré-operatório foram avaliados dados topográficos do olho a ser operado e refração. No período pós-operatório foram revisados dados da refração e acuidades visuais com e sem correção. RESULTADOS: O astigmatismo corneano pré-operatório variou de 1,00 a 5,6 DC em ambos os grupos, sendo que no grupo tórica houve redução média de 1,37 DC (p Abstract in english PURPOSES: Compare the visual acuity of patients who underwent cataract surgery by phacoemulsification with IOL AcrySof® toric implantation versus AcrySof® IQ and evaluate the reduction of cylindrical diopters (CD) in the postoperative period. METHODS: Analytical and retrospective study of 149 eyes w [...] ith 1 or more diopters of regular symmetrical keratometric astigmatism, which underwent cataract surgery by phacoemulsification. The eyes were divided into two groups: the toric group with 85 eyes and the non-toric group with 64 eyes. In the pre-operative phase, topographic data and refraction of each eye to be operated were assessed. In the postoperative phase, refraction and visual acuity with and without correction were measured. RESULTS: The preoperative topographic astigmatism ranged from 1.00 to 5.6 DC in both groups. Average reduction of 1.37 CD (p

  4. [Cataract in China: research and development direction and problems encountered].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Ke

    2015-04-01

    Cataract is the major cause of blindness in China. After efforts of generations, there were tremendous progresses in cataract diagnosis and treatment. With the popularity of microincision cataract surgery, the rise of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, and the application of advanced intraocular lens, cataract surgery has been gradually changed from visual rehabilitation to refractive surgery. But there are still some problems such as the lower surgery coverage, the large discrepancy of the diagnosis and treatment between urban and rural areas, and the imperfect treatment standard. In future work, cataract study group combining with other ophthalmic institutes will continue to find and solve problems for upgrading the overall level of cataract treatments in China. PMID:26081227

  5. Portadores crónicos de bacterias conjuntivales patógenas: Posible riesgo en la cirugía de cataratas / Chronic carriers of pathogen conjunctival bacteria: Possible risks in cataract surgery

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    E, Fernández Rubio; T, Cuesta Rodríguez.

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conocer la frecuencia y características de los portadores crónicos de bacterias patógenas conjuntivales entre los pacientes que se operan de cataratas, para diseñar estudios de su riesgo de endoftalmitis postquirúrgica. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de la flora conjuntival preoperatoria d [...] e 784 pacientes operados de las cataratas de ambos ojos en dos cirugías, separadas por 213 días (DE =170), desde noviembre de 1993 a diciembre de 1997. Los resultados de los cultivos de ambas cirugías, se obtuvieron de la base de datos de preoperatorios de cataratas del Laboratorio, mediante programa auxiliar en dBASE-III-PLUS. Se compararon las frecuencias de bacterias de ambos preoperatorios y se identificaron los pacientes que tenían el mismo patógeno (todas las bacterias excepto Staphylococcus Epidermidis y Corynebacterium sp.)en las dos cirugías. Los valores medios y desviaciones típicas se calcularon con Epiinfo 6.04, y las pruebas Chi² con Excel 97. Resultados: La flora del primer preoperatorio en los 784 pacientes fue estadísticamente igual que en nuestra población de referencia. Las bacterias patógenas disminuyeron en el segundo preoperatorio; sobretodo las frecuencias de Streptococcus Pneumoniae y Haemophilus sp. (p Abstract in english Purpose: To ascertain the frequency and characteristics of chronic carriers of conjunctival pathogen bacteria among patients undergoing cataract surgery in our hospital, to allow the design of studies of their postsurgical endophthalmitis risk. Methods: Retrospective study of the preoperative conjun [...] ctival flora of 784 patients operated on for cataracts in both eyes, in two operations separated by 213 days (SD 170), from November 1993 to December 1997. Results of both cultures for each patient were obtained from the Laboratory cataract preoperative database, by means of an auxiliary utility in dBASE-III-PLUS program. The preoperative bacteria in both surgeries were compared and the patients having the same pathogen bacteria (all except Staphylococcus coagulase negative and Corynebacterium sp.) were identified. The mean values and standard deviations were calculated using Epiinfo 6.04, and the Chi² test was carried out using Excel 97. Results: The conjunctival flora stemming from the first preoperative culture of the 784 patients were statistically similar to those of our reference population. The pathogen bacteria decreased in the second preoperative culture; especially the Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Haemophilus sp. frequencies (p

  6. Analyses of cataract surgery performed by the Unified Health System in Brazil, 2006-2007 Análisis de las intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas efectuadas en el Sistema Único de Salud del Brasil en el 2006 y el 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Santos Abreu Caligaris

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Estimate cataract surgical rates (CSR for Brazil and each federal unit in 2006 and 2007 based on the number of surgeries performed by the Unified Health System to help plan a comprehensive ophthalmology network in order to eliminate cataract blindness in compliance with the target set by the World Health Organization (WHO of 3 000 cataract surgeries per million inhabitants per year. METHODS: This descriptive study calculates CSR by using the number of cataract surgeries carried out by the Brazilian Unified Health System for each federal unit and estimates the need for cataract surgery in Brazil for 2006-2007, with official population data provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The number of cataract surgeries was compared with the WHO target. RESULTS: To reach the WHO goal for eliminating age-related cataract blindness in Brazil, 560312 cataract surgeries in 2006 and 568 006 surgeries in 2007 needed to be done. In 2006, 179121 cataract surgeries were done by the Unified Health System, corresponding to a CSR of 959 per million population; in 2007, 223317 were performed, with a CSR of 1179. With the Brazilian Council of Ophthalmology estimation of 165 000 surgeries each year by the non-public services, the CSR for Brazil would be 1842 for 2006 and 2051 for 2007. The proportions needed to achieve the proposed target were 38.6% in 2006 and 31.6% in 2007. CONCLUSIONS: Human resources, technical expertise, and equipment are crucial to reach the WHO goal. Brazil has enough ophthalmologists but needs improved planning and infrastructure in order to eliminate the problem, aspects that require greater financial investment and stronger political commitment.OBJETIVO: Calcular las tasas de cirugía de cataratas (TCC correspondientes al 2006 y el 2007 en todo el Brasil y en cada estado según la cantidad de intervenciones efectuadas en el Sistema Único de Salud, con el objeto de planificar una red integral de atención oftalmológica tendiente a eliminar la ceguera por cataratas, en cumplimiento de la meta fijada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS, de 3 000 intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas por millón de habitantes por año. MÉTODOS: En este estudio descriptivo se calculó la TCC según la cantidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas llevadas a cabo en el Sistema Único de Salud del Brasil en cada estado, y se calculó la necesidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas en el Brasil en el 2006 y el 2007 según los datos oficiales de la población proporcionados por el Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística. Se comparó la cantidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas con la meta de la OMS. RESULTADOS: Para alcanzar la meta de la OMS de eliminar la ceguera producida por cataratas seniles en el Brasil, deberían haberse efectuado 560 312 intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas en el 2006, y 568006 en el 2007. En el 2006, se efectuaron 179 121 intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas en el Sistema Único de Salud, lo que representa una TCC de 959 por millón de habitantes; en el 2007, se realizaron 223317, con una TCC de 1179. Si estos datos se consideran junto con la estimación del Consejo Brasileño de Oftalmología de 165000 intervenciones quirúrgicas efectuadas cada año en los servicios no públicos, la TCC correspondiente al Brasil sería de 1842 para el 2006 y de 2 051 para el 2007. Las proporciones faltantes para lograr la meta propuesta fueron de 38,6% en el 2006 y de 31,6% en el 2007. CONCLUSIONES: Los recursos humanos, los conocimientos técnicos especializados y el equipo son esenciales para alcanzar la meta de la OMS. Brasil tiene suficientes oftalmólogos pero, para eliminar el problema, necesita una mejor planificación y más infraestructura, aspectos que requieren una mayor inversión financiera y un compromiso político más firme.

  7. Analyses of cataract surgery performed by the Unified Health System in Brazil, 2006-2007 / Análisis de las intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas efectuadas en el Sistema Único de Salud del Brasil en el 2006 y el 2007

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ligia Santos Abreu, Caligaris; Norma Helen, Medina; Van C., Lansingh; Eliseu Alves, Waldman; Fernando, Yaacov-Peña.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Calcular las tasas de cirugía de cataratas (TCC) correspondientes al 2006 y el 2007 en todo el Brasil y en cada estado según la cantidad de intervenciones efectuadas en el Sistema Único de Salud, con el objeto de planificar una red integral de atención oftalmológica tendiente a eliminar la [...] ceguera por cataratas, en cumplimiento de la meta fijada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), de 3 000 intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas por millón de habitantes por año. MÉTODOS: En este estudio descriptivo se calculó la TCC según la cantidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas llevadas a cabo en el Sistema Único de Salud del Brasil en cada estado, y se calculó la necesidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas en el Brasil en el 2006 y el 2007 según los datos oficiales de la población proporcionados por el Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística. Se comparó la cantidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas con la meta de la OMS. RESULTADOS: Para alcanzar la meta de la OMS de eliminar la ceguera producida por cataratas seniles en el Brasil, deberían haberse efectuado 560 312 intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas en el 2006, y 568006 en el 2007. En el 2006, se efectuaron 179 121 intervenciones quirúrgicas de cataratas en el Sistema Único de Salud, lo que representa una TCC de 959 por millón de habitantes; en el 2007, se realizaron 223317, con una TCC de 1179. Si estos datos se consideran junto con la estimación del Consejo Brasileño de Oftalmología de 165000 intervenciones quirúrgicas efectuadas cada año en los servicios no públicos, la TCC correspondiente al Brasil sería de 1842 para el 2006 y de 2 051 para el 2007. Las proporciones faltantes para lograr la meta propuesta fueron de 38,6% en el 2006 y de 31,6% en el 2007. CONCLUSIONES: Los recursos humanos, los conocimientos técnicos especializados y el equipo son esenciales para alcanzar la meta de la OMS. Brasil tiene suficientes oftalmólogos pero, para eliminar el problema, necesita una mejor planificación y más infraestructura, aspectos que requieren una mayor inversión financiera y un compromiso político más firme. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Estimate cataract surgical rates (CSR) for Brazil and each federal unit in 2006 and 2007 based on the number of surgeries performed by the Unified Health System to help plan a comprehensive ophthalmology network in order to eliminate cataract blindness in compliance with the target set by [...] the World Health Organization (WHO) of 3 000 cataract surgeries per million inhabitants per year. METHODS: This descriptive study calculates CSR by using the number of cataract surgeries carried out by the Brazilian Unified Health System for each federal unit and estimates the need for cataract surgery in Brazil for 2006-2007, with official population data provided by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The number of cataract surgeries was compared with the WHO target. RESULTS: To reach the WHO goal for eliminating age-related cataract blindness in Brazil, 560312 cataract surgeries in 2006 and 568 006 surgeries in 2007 needed to be done. In 2006, 179121 cataract surgeries were done by the Unified Health System, corresponding to a CSR of 959 per million population; in 2007, 223317 were performed, with a CSR of 1179. With the Brazilian Council of Ophthalmology estimation of 165 000 surgeries each year by the non-public services, the CSR for Brazil would be 1842 for 2006 and 2051 for 2007. The proportions needed to achieve the proposed target were 38.6% in 2006 and 31.6% in 2007. CONCLUSIONS: Human resources, technical expertise, and equipment are crucial to reach the WHO goal. Brazil has enough ophthalmologists but needs improved planning and infrastructure in order to eliminate the problem, aspects that require greater financial investment and stronger political commitment.

  8. Comparison of bromfenac 0.09% QD to nepafenac 0.1% TID after cataract surgery: pilot evaluation of visual acuity, macular volume, and retinal thickness at a single site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cable M

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Melissa CableDiscover Vision Centers, Independence, MO, USAPurpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of bromfenac ophthalmic solution 0.09% once daily (QD and nepafenac 0.1% ophthalmic suspension three times daily following cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation, specifically looking at any differences in Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuities, macular volume, and/or retinal thickness changes.Methods: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either bromfenac (n = 10 QD or nepafenac (n = 10 three times daily. Dosing began 3 days before cataract surgery, continuing to day 21 postsurgery. In addition to the investigated nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug regimen, all subjects received antiinfective intraoperative and postoperative standard of care. Subjects were followed at 1 day and 1, 3, and 6 weeks postoperatively. Study visit assessments included best-corrected visual acuity, biomicroscopy, summed ocular inflammation score (anterior chamber cells and flare grading, intraocular pressure measurement, adverse event recording, and concomitant medication review. Optical coherence tomography was performed at 1, 3, and 6 weeks.Results: Both treatment groups had similar baseline measurements. Outcomes for mean letters read (P = 0.318, mean change in macular volume (P = 0.665, and retinal thickness (P = 0.552 were not statistically different between the groups from baseline through week six, although independently only the bromfenac group demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in letters gained from baseline to week six (P = 0.040. In the same time period, mean macular volume and retinal thickening worsened in the nepafenac group, demonstrating a statistically significant increase (P = 0.006 at week six for macular volume when compared to baseline. One subject in the nepafenac group experienced recurrent inflammation at week six, was unmasked, and then rescued with bromfenac 0.09% QD and difluprednate 0.05% QD.Conclusion: Both bromfenac and nepafenac resulted in positive clinical outcomes of Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuities. Postoperative measurements of macular volume and retinal thickness of bromfenac subjects showed a trend toward improved vision, less retinal thickening, and more stable macular volumes overall.Keywords: NSAIDs, phacoemulsification, inflammation, cataract, macular volume, retinal thickness

  9. Robotic Colorectal Surgery: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Sami AlAsari; Byung Soh Min

    2012-01-01

    Aim. Robotic colorectal surgery may be a way to overcome the limitations of laparoscopic surgery. It is an emerging field; so, we aim in this paper to provide a comprehensive and data analysis of the available literature on the use of robotic technology in colorectal surgery. Method. A comprehensive systematic search of electronic databases was completed for the period from 2000 to 2011. Studies reporting outcomes of robotic colorectal surgery were identified and analyzed. Results. 41 studies...

  10. Cataract surgery complications as a cause of visual impairment in a population aged 50 and over Complicações de facectomias como causa de baixa visual em uma população com 50 ou mais anos de idade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Fornazari de Oliveira

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to measure the extent to which complications relating to cataract surgery are a cause of visual impairment in a population aged 50 and over from the city of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. An assessment of cataract surgery services was conducted using random cluster sampling, with the sample composed of 60 clusters of 40 people aged 50 years or older. Of the selected sample of 2,400 subjects, 92.67% were examined. Of these 2,224 examined subjects, 75 (3.37% presented bilateral visual impairment and 164 unilateral, while a total of 314 (7.06% eyes presented visual impairment. 352 eyes had undergone cataract surgery. The causes of visual impairment after surgery were concurrent eye disease (56%, surgical complications (28.8% and refractive errors (15.2%. Cataract surgery complications represented the 5th most important cause of visual impairment. The other main causes were cataract, posterior segment disorders, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. These results suggest cataract surgery complications are a major cause of visual impairment in this population. Their prevention and treatment must be part of public health care policies.Objetivou-se avaliar a relevância das complicações de facectomias como causa de baixa acuidade visual na população > 50 anos em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. Uma avaliação dos serviços de cirurgia de catarata foi conduzida utilizando amostragem aleatória de agrupamentos populacionais, sendo composta por 60 agrupamentos de 40 pessoas > 50 anos. Na amostra de 2.400 indivíduos, 92,67% foram examinados. Dos 2.224 examinados, 75 (3,37% apresentaram baixa acuidade visual bilateral, 164, unilateral. e um total de 314 (7,06% olhos apresentou baixa acuidade visual. Trezentos e cinqüenta e dois olhos tinham sido submetidos a facectomias. As causas de baixa acuidade visual pós-cirurgia foram doenças oculares concomitantes (56%, complicações cirúrgicas (28,8% e erros refrativos (15,2%. Complicações de cirurgias de catarata foram a quinta causa mais importante de baixa acuidade visual. Outras causas principais foram catarata, doenças oculares do segmento posterior, retinopatia diabética e glaucoma. Estes resultados sugerem que complicações de cirurgias de catarata é uma importante causa de baixa acuidade visual na população em estudo. Sua prevenção e tratamento precisam fazer parte das políticas de saúde pública.

  11. Cataract surgery complications as a cause of visual impairment in a population aged 50 and over / Complicações de facectomias como causa de baixa visual em uma população com 50 ou mais anos de idade

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Denise Fornazari de, Oliveira; Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti, Lira; Álvaro Pedroso Carvalho, Lupinacci; Marcelo, Paccola; Carlos Eduardo Leite, Arieta.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a relevância das complicações de facectomias como causa de baixa acuidade visual na população > 50 anos em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. Uma avaliação dos serviços de cirurgia de catarata foi conduzida utilizando amostragem aleatória de agrupamentos populacionais, sendo composta [...] por 60 agrupamentos de 40 pessoas > 50 anos. Na amostra de 2.400 indivíduos, 92,67% foram examinados. Dos 2.224 examinados, 75 (3,37%) apresentaram baixa acuidade visual bilateral, 164, unilateral. e um total de 314 (7,06%) olhos apresentou baixa acuidade visual. Trezentos e cinqüenta e dois olhos tinham sido submetidos a facectomias. As causas de baixa acuidade visual pós-cirurgia foram doenças oculares concomitantes (56%), complicações cirúrgicas (28,8%) e erros refrativos (15,2%). Complicações de cirurgias de catarata foram a quinta causa mais importante de baixa acuidade visual. O