Young, Terrence E., Jr.
Describes methods of correcting MARC records in online public access catalogs in school libraries. Highlights include in-house methods; professional resources; conforming to library cataloging standards; vendor services, including Web-based services; software specifically developed for record cleanup; and outsourcing. (LRW)
Summarizes the history of library internships in cataloging. Reviews a survey of 112 academic practitioners and educators regarding the value of cataloging internships in the masters of library science program. Findings indicate that internships are needed to educate library students. Sample cataloging internship programs are appended. (JMV)
Kaplan, Allison G.; Riedling, Ann Marlow
This book is designed for courses that prepare college and university students for undergraduate or graduate degrees in school library media. Its objectives are to present the theory and practice of cataloging and classification in the school library environment. The manual is divided into eight chapters. Chapter 1: A Brief History of Cataloging…
Michael W. Mönnich
Full Text Available Over the past years, the majority of libraries worldwide implemented interfaces to allow users to access to their bibliographic databases through the WWW. Usually these interfaces consist of HTML-pages with an embedded FORMS template where the search terms are entered. Thus for the first time it was made possible for the user to access almost every library using only one software: the WWW browser. However, if the user has to search more than one library catalog, e.g. when searching literature for a PhD thesis, he has to access a multitude of catalogs deal with different search forms, different search syntaxes, wildcards etc. This is the case especially for users in Germany. Faced with this situation in 1996, our team at the university library of Karlsruhe came up with the idea to create a virtual catalog enabling our library patrons to search several catalogs simultaneously. The idea was inspired by the successful introduction of meta search engines like metacrawler which perform the same function with internet search engines. So why not try to do it with library catalogs? The idea was discussed, and with support from the faculty of computer science, a prototype was built in July 1996. It proved surprisingly easy to do, so we included not only union catalogs but also bookshops. The meta catalog showed so much potential that we decided not to limit access to our local library patrons but to offer it as a service to the internet community as Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog (KVK, Karlsruhe Virtual Catalog. Once the KVK was announced in several mailing list, the usage peaked within a few weeks and has continued to do so.
John W. Thompson
Full Text Available This essay points out that inconsistencies in the assignment of subject headings and call number can lead to failure to retrieve relevant materials from our libraries. Today it is frequently asserted that bibliographic records cataloged by the Library of Congress or other approved libraries will not require review or editing in our local libraries. This paper provides clear, but by no means unique examples of “cataloging failure” and explains the implications of a policy to add unedited bibliographic records (from vendors such as OCLC to our library catalogs. The result is the omission of otherwise relevant titles from fairly routine searches.
Herrera, Gail; Aldana, Lynda
Describes a project at the University of Mississippi Libraries to catalog purchased electronic resources so that access to these resources is available only via the Web-based library catalog. Discusses collaboration between cataloging and systems personnel; and describes the MARC catalog record field that contains the information needed to locate…
Statistical examination of original cataloging records of Chicago Municipal Reference Library as input into online OCLC union catalog reveals library's cataloging use rate as compared to nationwide average. Previous studies, methodology, and areas of high and low use (year of input, type of record, classification, length of monograph) are…
Hellen, George B., Jr.
Two problems related to the delay in Library of Congress cataloging which are beyond the control of the Library of Congress are presented. It is concluded that some explanation should be given of the priority system of cataloging employed by the Library of Congress, and that steps must be taken to alleviate the printing backlog. (16 references)…
his issue of ""Library Technology Reports"" analyzes five different academic libraries to better understand their investments, detailing the outcome thus far and drawing conclusions about the next-generation catalog.
Online catalogs are computerized listings of materials in a particular library or group of libraries. General characteristics of online catalogs include ability for searching interactively and for locating descriptions of books, maps, and reports on regional or topical geology. Suggestions for searching, evaluating results, modifying searches, and limitations of searching are presented. -Author
This chapter outlines how search engine technology can be used in online public access library catalogs (OPACs) to help improve users’ experiences, to identify users’ intentions, and to indicate how it can be applied in the library context, along with how sophisticated ranking criteria can be applied to the online library catalog. A review of the literature and current OPAC developments form the basis of recommendations on how to improve OPACs. Findings were that the major shor...
Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Cataloging Directorate.
This fiscal year 2002 annual report of the Library of Congress (LC) Cataloging Directorate covers the following topics: (1) production and productivity; (2) arrearage reduction; (3) the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001; (4) cooperative cataloging programs; (5) conversion of LC records in Chinese from Wade-Giles to pinyin…
Bierbaum, Esther Green
Compares and contrasts museum registration and library cataloging processes, suggesting that differences in records management result from philosophical and historical differences. The feasibility and possible benefits of applying the competencies of library and information science to museum registration are discussed. (23 notes/references)…
According to his experience in international library cataloging community, the author discusses the relationships of RDA with International Cataloguing Code, ISBD and Chinese Library Cataloging Rules.
Martinelli, J A
Descriptive cataloging practices for serial differ significantly in some respects between the Library of Congress and the National Library of Medicine. This paper compares some of these differences and indicates the impact they can have on the development of on-line cooperative data bases such as OCLC. Attention is also given to the possible impact of the second edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules on serials cataloging. The need for standardization is stressed. PMID:7356496
A survey was administered to users of the New York State Library's microfiche catalog to determine their success and satisfaction in using the catalog and to examine characteristics of successful and satisfied microfiche catalog users. Usable questionnaires were obtained from 280 catalog users. Responses to selected items were weighted and summed…
Urbano, Cristóbal; Zhang, Yin; Downey, Kay; Klingler, Thomas
Patron-Driven Acquisitions (PDA) is a new model used for e-book acquisition by academic libraries. A key component of this model is to make records of ebooks available in a library catalog and let actual patron usage decide whether or not an item is purchased. However, there has been a lack of research examining the role of the library catalog as…
Oliva, Victor T.
Reviews the value of federal depository document titles and discuses reasons why many are worth cataloging. Several approaches to cataloging these titles to make them more readily accessible are profiled. The Adelphi University Library (New York) has devised a system, using Boolean logic and an online public access catalog to choose which titles…
Raae, L C
The next-generation High Energy Physics information system, INSPIRE, is being built by combining the content from the successful SPIRES database of bibliographic information with the CDS Invenio software being developed at CERN, an open-source platform for large digital library systems. The project is a collaboration between four major particle physics laboratories in Europe and the U.S. New tools are being developed to enable the global cooperation between catalogers at these labs. The BibEdit module will provide a central interface for the editing, enrichment, correction and verification of a record on its way into the system, by processing and presenting data from several supporting modules to the cataloger. The objective is to minimize the time and actions needed by the cataloger to process the record. To create a fast and powerful web application we make use of modern AJAX technology to create a dynamic and responsive user interface, where server communication happens in the background without delaying t...
Full Text Available North Carolina State University has developed an Application Programming Interface (API “platform”, called CatalogWS, to provide web service access to catalog search and availability services. This project was motivated by the realization that the discovery of library collections should not be limited to a single catalog application, and such a platform could support the efficient creation of novel interfaces based on consistent services. Some technical discussion of the CatalogWS architecture is provided, including a technical description of web service protocols implemented. Several applications providing discovery in novel contexts have already been developed based on CatalogWS, and are described in some depth. CatalogWS has helped create a culture of experimentation and enabled a larger group of staff to work with library catalog data and services in new and interesting ways.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Library System Book Catalog of holdings from August 1973 to December 1974 has been published in a single volume. The full catalog lists alphabetically by title the complete entry for each book owned by the individual EPA libraries. The indexes to the Book Catalog are in two parts. Part 1, the Author Index, lists each author in alphabetical order. The Subject Index (Part 2) lists, in alphabetical order, the subject headings assigned to the books in the catalog
Fang, Wei; Crawford, Marjorie E.
Although there is a proliferation of information available on the Web, and law professors, students, and other users have a variety of channels to locate information and complete their research activities, the law library catalog still remains an important source for offering users access to information that has been evaluated and cataloged by…
Sibley, Brenda Parris
This paper presents an annotated bibliography of articles that provide information on managing the academic library cataloging department. Topics include: hiring tests for technical services support staff; changing roles for professional, paraprofessional staff and support staff; motivating and rewarding cataloging staff; a study of entry level…
Russell, Beth M.
Facing shifting organizational cultures, technological innovations, and the growth of digital information, administrators must consider how best to utilize the resources and staff devoted to cataloging special collections. A survey of special collections cataloging among Association of Research Libraries member institutions showed variation in…
The National Library of China was active in compiling and revising cataloging standards and rules in the past several years, including Chinese Cataloging Rules, CNMMARC Manual (Bibliographical Format), MARC21 Manuals (Bibliographical and Authority Formats), Descriptive Cataloguing Rules for Western Language Materials.
The Indexing and Cataloging Committee of the Library Society of China held a working meeting at the National Library of China, November 17-18, 2006. Twelve out of fifteen members of the committee attended the meeting.
Fannin, Mary JoEllen
This study suggests that it is important to study library users' reaction to and satisfaction with the instruction given to them for use of the online public access catalog (OPAC). The objective of this study was to discover the types of instruction that users at the Beavercreek Community Library (Ohio) feel are most useful in learning the OPAC.…
Dilevko, Juris; Gottlieb, Lisa
Pornography has become part of mainstream culture. As such, it has become a subject of academic research, and this, in turn, has implications for university libraries. Focusing on adult Internet pornography, this study suggests that academic libraries should provide access to adult pornographic Web sites by including them in their online catalogs.
Tsui, Susan L.; Mushenheim, Cecilia
Reviews and describes in detail the procedures of three cataloging projects outsourced with OCLC for a rare book collection of over 10,000 items and a backlog of 30,000 additional titles in the Marian Library of the University of Dayton, a research library focused on Mary, the mother of Jesus. (Author/LRW)
Morita, Ichiko T.; Gapen, D. Kaye
A study of the costs of cataloging and associated processing tasks before and after the adoption of the Ohio College Library Center On-Line Shared Cataloging System at the Ohio State University Libraries finds that an increase in production has been achieved. Unit costs have risen at a rate less than the general rate of inflation. (Author)
Brown-Sica, Margaret; Beall, Jeffrey; mchale, nina
Response time as defined for this study is the time that it takes for all files that constitute a single webpage to travel across the Internet from a Web server to the end user’s browser. In this study, the authors tested response times on queries for identical items in five different library catalogs, one of them a next-generation (NextGen) catalog. The authors also discuss acceptable response time and how it may affect the discovery process. They suggest that librari...
The author thinks that library cataloging has experienced three labor pains just as work quantified, employee turnover and marginalization in the recent ten years. He points out some existing problems in library cataloging just as follows: the standards have not been internationally compatible and not been unified in our country yet; there is sluggishness when facing with the technology change; the researches show the tendency of dogmatization and concretization; the cataloging is facing with...
Foster, Andrea L.; Howard, Jennifer
Libraries need to share records more with one another, make greater use of the Web, and bring more attention to their special collections, according to a report released last month by the Library of Congress. The new study examines how libraries can improve the distribution and use of their materials in a technology-centric environment. But "On…
Burl, M. C.; Fayyad, U. M.; Perona, P.; Smyth, P.
Users of digital image libraries are often not interested in image data per se but in derived products such as catalogs of objects of interest. Converting an image database into a usable catalog is typically carried out manually at present. For many larger image databases the purely manual approach is completely impractical. In this paper we describe the development of a trainable cataloging system: the user indicates the location of the objects of interest for a number of training images and the system learns to detect and catalog these objects in the rest of the database. In particular we describe the application of this system to the cataloging of small volcanoes in radar images of Venus. The volcano problem is of interest because of the scale (30,000 images, order of 1 million detectable volcanoes), technical difficulty (the variability of the volcanoes in appearance) and the scientific importance of the problem. The problem of uncertain or subjective ground truth is of fundamental importance in cataloging problems of this nature and is discussed in some detail. Experimental results are presented which quantify and compare the detection performance of the system relative to human detection performance. The paper concludes by discussing the limitations of the proposed system and the lessons learned of general relevance to the development of digital image libraries.
Townley, Charles T.
Presents results of an evaluation of C.D. Cat, a CD-ROM union catalog developed by the Associated College Libraries of Central Pennsylvania consortium. Outcomes are reported in the areas of bibliographic quality, user evaluation, public relations strategies, bibliographic instruction, and guidelines for continuing operations. Recommendations are…
Abel-Kops, Chad P.
Focuses the issue of outsourcing cataloging in academic and special libraries. Examines the goal of outsourcing to increase production at reduced costs; a case of outsourcing at Wright State University of Ohio; confidentiality issues of outsourcing by law firms and other corporations; contracts; debates on "whether" and "what" to outsource; and…
What do Google Maps and a library's Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) have in common? Google Maps provides users with all the information they need for a trip in one place; users can get directions and find out what attractions, hotels, and restaurants are close by. Librarians must find the ultimate OPAC that will provide, in one place, all the…
Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Cataloging Directorate.
This fiscal year 2001 annual report of the Library of Congress (LC) Cataloging Directorate covers the following topics: (1) Bicentennial Conference on Bibliographic Control for the New Millennium and LC Action Plan; (2) conversion of LC records in Chinese from Wade-Giles to pinyin romanization; (3) production and productivity; (4) cataloging…
Volume I is the full catalog, listing alphabetically by title the complete entry for each book owned by any of the EPA libraries. The title is printed in bold face type. Directly underneath, left justified, appears the call number (according to the Library of Congress Classification Scheme). At the far right of the same line is the publisher. The next line, in italics, reflects the author(s) and may be followed by an entry showing symposium data, subtitle, series, or other notes (not applicable to each title). The subject headings assigned to the book appear next, indented, one per line. The next line, indented still further, lists the code number for the holding library, pertinent volumes and/or editions, the date(s) of publication and, where appropriate, a call number used by holding library which differs from the Library of Congress classification
Piercy, Esther J.; Sanner, Marian, Ed.
Designed as a practical aid to the beginning cataloger, this guide details the procedures for cataloging and the physical processing of materials in a school or small public library. Both general principles and specific practices are outlined, from the organization of cataloging work to instructions for the typing and filing of catalog and shelf…
Most campuses have no real estate to spare for the purpose of housing yet more printed books in their general libraries. Some solutions to this problem entails putting lesser printed materials in less-costly storage facilities; or engaging in cooperative archiving agreements that retain one copy of a title in one of the partner's active stacks so…
Freund, Clare E.
The rules for catalog entries and punctuation outlined in this manual were used to prepare a computer-produced union catalog of the holdings of several libraries at the Eastman Kodak Company. The computer sorts digitally, considering first blanks, then punctuation marks, letters, and finally numbers. This results in a filing sequence which differs…
Wukovitz, L D
The increasing importance of the Internet demands that toxicologists become aquainted with its resources. To find information, researchers must be able to effectively use Internet search engines, directories, subject-oriented websites, and library catalogs. The article will explain these resources, explore their benefits and weaknesses, and identify skills that help the researcher to improve search results and critically evaluate sources for their relevancy, validity, accuracy, and timeliness. PMID:11164979
DIVETT, R T
The organization of a new medical school library offered a unique opportunity to develop machine methods of bibliographic control and to use electronic data processing for library routines. The development of the program and an analysis of major problems is reported. The program uses IBM record unit, punched card equipment: the IBM 407 Model E8 Accounting Machine, the IBM 26 Printing Card Punch, the IBM 82 Sorter, and the IBM 85 Collator. The total machine rental. with educational discount, for the program is $506.50 per month. A specific report is given of the ordering. receiving, and processing (including cataloging) procedures. PMID:14223734
Waite, Ellen J.
Reviews trends in catalog and technical service departments in response to information needs of library patrons, administrations of catalog and technical services departments, and professional standards that no longer meet patron needs. Discusses patron search patterns; the role of catalogers; and results of sharing cataloging records, downsizing,…
Full Text Available Purpose: The study tried to answer how catalogers determine the subject of a document.The aim of the research is to understand: (1 which parts of document are most important in the subject analysis process, (2 which approaches in the subject determination are involved, (3 which features of document are most significant, (4 which stages and cognitive processes are present, and, (5 if and how the subject analysis process of catalogers at Slovenian academic libraries differ from conceptions described in textbooks and ISO 5963 standard.Methodology/approach: Ten catalogers from nine Slovenian academic libraries were included into the qualitative research. Observation, think-aloud procedures, diaries and follow up discussions (non-structured interviews were used for collecting the data.Results: Regarding the parts of the document, the participants mostly examine the title,the table of contents, the introduction/preface, they also check the entire document.The document-oriented approach to subject determination was predominant. There were four stages in the process noted: the data input, data processing, text reduction and assignment of subject headings. Based on the results two general models of the subject analysis process were constructed.Research limitation: The small and convenient sample limits the generalization of findings.Originality/practical implications: It is a rare empirical study with qualitative approach in researching the subject analysis in Slovenia.
Blain, P.; Pugh, T.
The Tasmanian Partnership for Advanced Computing (TPAC) has developed a rich web-based application that publishes large catalogs of scientific datasets. The TPAC Digital Library provides a user interface for viewing, searching, and accessing the catalog data collections, as well as enabling data services for user access. The product also provides management functions for librarians of digital data collections. The search features allow files to be selected graphically based on geospatial extent, or by file name, variable name, attribute value, and by tag. Alternatively, there is a file manager style interface that provides a direct route to the data. The interface is specifically geared towards discovery and access of earth science data files, which makes it intuitive and easy to navigate. Files can be downloaded, or accessed through OPeNDAP, GridFTP, WCS, Matlab and other interfaces. The digital library can harvest metadata from THREDDS, Hyrax, IPCC catalogs and other instances of the digital library. The product is freely available under an open-source license, and is currently deployed by a small but active user base. It has existed since 2005, and remains under constant development by TPAC and other contributors (including the Australian Bureau of Meteorology). Current development initiatives will allow interoperability with library service protocols, as well as other data archive organizations and scientific bodies for data reference transparency. There is a project in progress that will allow the data collection’s owner to attach attribute information, access rights, and meta-data to the data collection to conform to various user community and service standards. Future releases will allow publishers to attach media rich information about the data collection, as well as additional information about scientific results, and papers and web pages that reference the data collection. The presentation will discuss the current implementation, and future directions.
Dongyun Ni Dongyun Ni
In the library world, controlled vocabularies have long been created and maintained by professional catalogers for ease of retrieving relevant library materials. Recently, social tagging has been widely applied in many social network sites such as Flickr and Delicious. This phenomenon reflects the needs of online users for information organization and retrieval in online communities. This report focuses on current development in social tagging applications in libraries and uses of subject hea...
The role of catalogers within academic libraries is evolving to meet new demands and cultivating a broader understanding of cataloging--one that focuses on collections, not the catalog, and applies cataloger expertise across metadata activities. Working collaboratively as never before, catalogers are reinventing their place within the library.
Markuson, Barbara Evans
This report results from a project using the OCLC system to provide catalog services to small libraries. Alternatives described include: centralized cataloging, centralized book processing, sharing of OCLC terminals, and use of dial-up terminals. The OCLC data base was found useful for all types of small libraries. It is recommended that network…
Time management is one of the biggest problems which we face in our industry today. At every turn we are faced with the need to become more effective and efficient in the things which we do. The largest single factor precluding good time management for Engineers and Geoscientists today is data management. The truth is we simply spend too much time, and money searching for, collecting and pre-processing data before we can even begin the analysis phase of our work. Recent studies indicate as much as 80% of our Engineers and Geoscientists' time can be spent in these efforts. This paper reports that correct data management practices can be a tremendous help by doing the following things: Making a complete catalog or index of all data available to all users. Providing data management support staff to perform appropriate functions at much lower salary rates than those of technical professionals. Minimizing cost and access time through standard procedures
Compares and analyzes job advertisements for catalogers and reference librarians in academic libraries from 1971 to 1990 to trace the impact of automation on job requirements and qualifications. Findings indicate that computer skills are needed, and there are more entry-level jobs being posted for both groups. (Author/JMV)
The author recently asked his colleagues, "How can libraries determine the value in collecting, managing, preserving, and/or cataloging e-resources?" hoping to challenge readers to come up with some thoughtful opinions and useful tips. Not surprisingly, he received a handful of substantially different but uniformly provocative and creative…
Fry, Thomas K.; Lance, Keith Curry; Cox, Marti A.; Moe, Tammi
The Colorado Digitization Project (CDP) commissioned the Library Research Service (LRS) of the Colorado State Library and the University of Denver Library and Information Science Program to evaluate user perceptions of the relative merits of the catalog (or database) and the exhibit approaches to providing access to digital information, especially…
本文结合图书馆编目工作实际,分析了机编环境下影响图书编目工作效益的矛盾,并对如何处理矛盾,提高图书馆图书编目工作效益,提出了应对策略。%this article links to the library catalog work reality, analyzed machine has arranged under the environment to affect the books catalog work benefit the contradiction, and how to mehed the spear .The shield, enhances the library books catalog work benefit
National Archives and Records Administration — The National Archives Catalog is the online catalog of NARA's nationwide holdings in the Washington, DC area, Regional Archives, and Presidential Libraries.
通过对目前国内外编目绩效指标的分析和归纳可得,联机联合编目成员馆编目绩效性评估可选用联机联合编目数据利用率、书目数据质量和编目成本3项指标。上海图书馆中文编目的这3项指标有待提高,可采取如下改进策略：合理协调原始编目和套录编目的比例,调整编目流程,加快编目速度,创建和完善书目记录等级编制和审核标准,积极开发和改进软件。%Through analyzing and summing up the cataloging performance indicators at home and abroad,we could find that the cataloging performance evaluation of the online union cataloging member library could choose following indictors： the utilization rate of the online union cataloging data,the quality of the bibliographic data and the cataloging cost.Shanghai Library could take following measures for Chinese book cataloging,such as coordinating the ratio of original cataloging and download cataloging reasonably,adjusting cataloging process reasonably,accelerating the speed of cataloging,creating and improving the level formulation and the auditing standard of bibliographic records,developing and improving the software actively.
Madison, Dilys E.; Galejs, John E.
After a brief description of the Micrographic Catalog Retrieval System (MCRS) and its use in card production, searching procedures are outlined along with statistical data. The experience has demonstrated that the use of MCRS can mean a saving of staff time and more rapid retrieval of LC cataloging copy for current books. (6 references) (Author/NH)
Wiggins, E V
When the National Library of Medicine acquired a computer to augment its publication program, the intent was to present in one medium an index to journal articles and a catalog of books and new serial titles. The computer programs designed for indexing were unsatisfactory for cataloging, however; so two publications were issued, the Index Medicus and the NLM Current Catalog. The Current Catalog features separate name and subject sections, added volumes, and technical reports. The Express Cataloging Service was one of the first attempts to increase the speed and coverage of the Catalog. Shared cataloging with the Library of Congress, the Countway Library at Harvard, and the Upstate Medical Library in Syracuse, New York, have also contributed to the efforts toward improving this library service. An additional shared cataloging program, this time with the National Medical Audiovisual Center, is expected to be implemented shortly. PMID:5782262
编目业务外包依据不同可分为不的方式，在降低成本提高工作效率的同时，也出现因外包机构专业素质参差不齐导致外包质量的下降、馆员依赖性增强、工作的积极性降低等缺点。联机合作编目模式以其规范、标准、科学的著录方法提高了图书馆编目工作的效率，也避免了人力、物力、财力的浪费。但同时也要通过提高馆员专业素养、业务能力等措施来提高编目工作的质量。%Along with the rapid development of network technology, computer technology, and communications technology, the cataloging work of libraries has also happened great changes. They mainly reflect in cataloging object, cataloging mode, cataloging rules and data format, etc. Library cataloging mode can have a lot of new options in the era of network such as outsourcing of cataloging service, and on -line cooperative cataloging. This article will investigate how we should choose correct library cat- aloguing pattern considering all of its advantages and disadvantages.
Clapp, Verner W.
The cataloging in source experiment of the United States Library of Congress ended in 1959. Studies on the feasibility of another pre-publication cataloging program were undertaken and a new cataloging in publication program was started in 1971. Other programs for pre-publication cataloging in Brazil and Russia are described. (21 references)…
Dongyun Ni Dongyun Ni
Full Text Available In the library world, controlled vocabularies have long been created and maintained by professional catalogers for ease of retrieving relevant library materials. Recently, social tagging has been widely applied in many social network sites such as Flickr and Delicious. This phenomenon reflects the needs of online users for information organization and retrieval in online communities. This report focuses on current development in social tagging applications in libraries and uses of subject headings data beyond traditional library catalog model. Some good practices and library system developments are introduced to demonstrate improvements information professionals have made to provide more personalized and friendly bibliographical services and assist users to explore library collections more efficiently. It also attempts to point out possible future development directions in social tagging and subject cataloging in library information systems.在圖書館界，控制詞彙早已被專業編目人員為方便使用者檢索圖書館資料所使用並加以維護。最近，社會性標記已被廣泛應用於許多社交網站，如Flickr和Delicious。這種現象反映了網路使用者對於網路社群中資訊組織和檢索的需求。本報告著重闡述當前社會性標記在圖書館的應用和主題標目資料在傳統圖書目錄模式之外的使用。同時介紹一些圖書館系統的發展和值得推薦的具體實踐以體現資訊領域專業人士為使用者提供更個性化的友善的書目服務所做的努力。本文還試圖探討主題編目和社會性標記在圖書館資訊系統未來可能的發展方向。頁次：4-15
The outsourcing can improve the efficiency of university library's acquisitioning and cataloging service that is very complicated. This paper expounds the contents of university library's acquisitioning and cataloging service and the concepts of contract issuing and contract undertaking, analyzes the advantages of the outsourcing of acquisitioning and cataloging service, and probes into the crises existing in the outsourcing of acquisitioning and cataloging service.%利用业务外包可提高高校图书馆繁琐复杂的采编业务工作效率. 阐述了高校图书馆采编业务的内容和发包、承包的概念,分析了采编业务外包的优点,探讨了采编业务外包存在的风险.
In the compound library era,the library cataloging work core will turn to deepen the connotation of the traditional cataloging work,broaden the extension of the digital resource cataloging,enhance the OPAC function and strengthen the construction of the authority file of the online bibliography database.Catalogers should foot on the practice,innovate the cataloging work,pay attention to the international cataloging development,and guide the daily cataloging work,in order to improve the professional competitiveness.%在复合图书馆时代,图书馆编目工作的重心将转向深化传统编目工作内涵、拓宽数字化资源编目的外延、增强OPAC功能、加强联机书目数据库的规范文档建设工作4个方面。编目员应立足实践,创新编目工作,关注国际编目新动态,指导日常编目工作,以提升职业竞争力。
Books acquisitioning and cataloging work is the the foundation of library's literature resources construction. This paper expounds some problems existing in public library's acquisitioning and cataloging work, analyzes the development trends of the public literature resources construction, and probes into the measures for the public library to innovate the acquisitioning and cataloging work.%图书采编是图书馆文献资源建设的基础. 阐述了公共图书馆采编工作存在的问题,分析了公共文献资源建设的发展趋势,探讨了公共图书馆创新采编工作的措施.
With the rapid development of information technology,the cataloging work of library has been widespread attention. The coding system of ISBN——— is widely used as the present world,which plays a very important role in the books cataloging work.The application of this system makes the book cataloging work is not so difficult,not only improve the work efficiency and accuracy but also make the management more convenient and simple.So,compared to the traditional book cataloging,what are the advantages of ISBN How is it applied to the actual work of book editors In this paper,its application will make a few specif-ic description.%随着信息技术的迅猛发展，图书采编工作得到了大家广泛地重视。ISBN －－作为当今国际上广泛采用的图书编码系统，在图书采编工作当中发挥了非常重要的作用。而这个系统的应用使得图书采编工作不再那么繁琐困难，不仅提高了工作效率及准确率，也让图书的管理更加方便，更简单。那么，ISBN 相比较传统图书采编的方法有什么优点，又是怎样应用于实际的图书采编工作当中的呢？本文就其应用方面将做出几点具体的阐述。
Technology makes it possible to redefine libraries and make them relevant to the public once again. But how good are the digital services offered by public libraries today? The digital services department team of the Pode project at Norway's Oslo Public Library has spent the last 2 years investigating the possibilities available in order to…
Scientific and reasonable cataloging outsourcing could save human resources, material resources and financial resources, improve the work efficiency and service quality. Libraries in China have implemented the cataloging outsourcing one by one, but have gone into the misunderstanding of pursuing free outsourcing services excessively, which lead to the quality reduction of cataloging data. Therefore, libraries should combine with the actual situation, abandon low-level free cataloging outsourcing services forwardly, train professional cataloging outsourcing providers positively, and implement the cataloging outsourcing program cautiously.%科学、合理的编目业务外包能够节省图书馆的人力、物力、财力,提高工作效率和服务质量。目前我国图书馆纷纷实施编目业务外包,但走入了过份追求免费外包服务的误区,导致编目数据质量下降。为此,图书馆应结合本馆实际情况,主动放弃低水平的免费编目外包,积极培育专业编目外包商,同时慎重实施编目外包项目。
阐述了当前我国图书馆分编业务外包现状,分析了当前我国图书馆分编业务外包存在的问题及其产生的原因,就图书馆如何更好地开展分编业务外包提出了一些建议.%This paper expounds the current status of the outsourcing of library's classifying and cataloging services in China, analyzes the problems existing in the outsourcing of library's classifying and cataloging services in China and their causes, and puts forward some suggestions for the library to better carry out the outsourcing.
Outsourcing of foreign language cataloging not only has the same trouble with outsourcing of Chinese language cataloging, but also has its unique trouble. To overcoming the trouble, University library and bookseller need cooperation. .In the cooperation, they need signing the contract, training the outsourcing staff, controlling the cataloging quality, communicating timely.%外文编目外包不仅具有与中文编目外包同样问题，也因为外文编目的特殊性，也有其独特的问题，为了克服这些问题，需要图书馆和书商的共同努力。在合作中，签订切实可行的合同、做好培训工作、审校人员严格把好质量关，有问题及时进行沟通。
Freeborn, Robert B.
Describes the retrospective conversion of audiovisual materials at Penn State University's Education Library when it merged with the main collection. Topics include improved access; administrative support; support from the media center staff; collection organization; collection content; bibliographic access; goals; and staffing and communication…
It seems, at times, that a frantic race persists to ensure that a child, in the crucial learning stages of early elementary education, acquires the appropriate reading level before he or she "gets behind." Though there are obvious issues with branding a book "Grade Level One" or "Reading Level 2.2," it is nevertheless helpful for a library to…
概述SWOT分析法的优缺点,利用层次分析法结合SWOT方法,分析独立学院图书馆编目外包的优势和劣势、机会和威胁因素,并对计算结果进行讨论分析：外包数据质量是影响独立学院图书馆编目业务外包决策的关键因素;外包业务工作效率是推动独立学院图书馆编目业务外包决策的有利机遇;强化管理,促进独立学院图书馆编目外包业务可持续发展。%Described the advantages and disadvantages of SOWT analysis.Based on the AHP with SWOT to analyze the independent college library cataloging outsourcing strengths and weaknesses,opportunities and threats,and conclusions are given： the cataloging outsourcing data quality is a key factor;the efficiency of cataloging outsourcing is favorable opportunities;strengthen management is an other method to promote independent college library cataloging outsourcing to be sustainable development.
自17世纪后期至20世纪初，欧洲共有6个国家的图书馆，先后为其所收藏的汉籍编制了总计25部目录。通过对此批早期汉籍目录进行分析，其特色在于持续时间长，涉及范围广，编纂活动具备连续性，以汉学家为编纂主体，以西方学科体系作为主要分类依据。在研究汉籍传入欧洲的历史，了解欧洲现藏汉籍的总体面貌，访求流散于欧洲的珍贵汉籍方面，均有较高价值。%From the late 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century, a total of 6 European libraries have created a total of 25 cat-aloging for the early Chinese works. These cataloging are of long duration and wide range. The cataloging procedure is continuous and the cataloging object is mainly sinologist. In the end, this article analyzes the great value of these cataloging.
业务外包成为图书馆采编业务发展的趋势。通过业务外包图书馆可以实现业务重组和工作重心转移,节省了经费、减轻了采编人员工作强度、加快了图书加工速度。%Business outsourcing has become the development trend of library acquisition and catalog.By outsourcing,libraries can reorganize its operation and shift its work focus,which saves funds,alleviates the working pressure of acquisition and catalog staff and speeds up book processing.
ABSTRACT:Through three aspects of the traditional acquisitioning phase,independent acquisitioning phase and bidding acquisitioning phase, this paper probes into the acquisitioning and cataloging work of university library.%从传统采购阶段、自主采购阶段、招标采购阶段3个方面，探讨了高等院校图书馆的采编工作。
cataloguing work of library literature resource is the important link of controlling. Embarks from the practical work, in view of the library 's characteristic, analyzed the influence factors of the quality of cataloging work and its relationship to each other, specific analysis of the cataloging process to produce the wrong, and in theory and practice and put forward the library cataloging process for effective quality control measures.% 编目工作是图书馆文献资源控制的重要环节。从实际工作出发，针对图书馆的特点，分析了影响编目工作质量的主要因素及其相互关系，具体分析了编目过程中容易产生的不妥之处，并在理论和实践层面提出了图书馆编目过程中进行有效质量控制的对策。
From the catalog librarian＇s angle, elaborated the university library catalog work importance, introduced specifi- cally in the actual catalog work meets under some questions and new situation catalog work new request.%从编目馆员的角度，阐述了高校图书馆编目工作的重要性，具体介绍了实际编目工作中遇到的一些问题及新形势下编目工作的新要求。
Perhaps the greatest power of folksonomies, especially when set against controlled vocabularies like the Library of Congress Subject Headings, lies in their capacity to empower user communities to name their own resources in their own terms. This article analyzes the potential and limitations of both folksonomies and controlled vocabularies for…
Library Catalogue Users Are Influenced by Trends in Web Searching Search Strategies. A review of: Novotny, Eric. “I Don’t Think I Click: A Protocol Analysis Study of Use of a Library Online Catalog in the Internet Age.” College & Research Libraries, 65.6 (Nov. 2004): 525-37.
Objective – To explore how Web-savvy users think about and search an online catalogue. Design – Protocol analysis study. Setting – Academic library (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). Subjects – Eighteen users (17 students, 1 faculty member) of an online public access catalog, divided into two groups of nine first-time and nine experienced users. Method – The study team developed five tasks that represented a range of activities commonly performed by library users, such as...
The business training class of 2011 mobile libraries in Guangdong province (in the western region of Guangdong) carries out the book cataloging training for 29 primary level libraries. The training builds the relaxed and harmonious classroom atmosphere; adjusts teaching methods, and stimulates students' interests; introduces the cataloging experience, and makes students apply their knowledge as soon as possible; provides cataloging tips, and helps students to avoid detours and mount guard rapidly; conveys the concept of the online cataloging; focuses on the combination of lectures and practice operations. The training mode has gained good effects, which could be learned by other libraries.%广东省流动图书馆2011年度（粤西地区）业务培训班面向29所基层图书馆开展图书编目培训。此次培训建立了轻松和谐的课堂气氛；调整教学手段，引发学员兴趣；介绍编目经验，使学员尽快学以致用；提供编目小窍门，让学员少走弯路，快速上岗；传达联机编目的理念；注重课堂讲授与实践操作相结合。该模式取得了良好的成效，可供其他馆借鉴学习。
Cataloging is an important work of a library , and it is the basis of all work of the library .According to the cataloging practice of Guangdong Peizheng College Library , this paper analyzes the status and influencing factors of cataloging work of private university li -braries, and proposes some suggestions for improving their cataloging quality .%编目工作是图书馆的重要业务，是图书馆一切工作的基础。本文结合广东培正学院图书馆编目工作实践，分析了民办高校图书馆编目工作的现状及其影响因素，并对提高民办高校图书馆编目工作质量给出了一些建议。
The 21st century will be the century that the library forms the center of social knowledge. How does the library use modern technology to maximize the excavation of existing library resources and improve its utilization has become the responsibility of the library staff. Using Excel spreadsheet to establish electronic catalog of journals is the attempt for fully playing the role of the existing collection and improving their efficiency. This study encountered few personal views on the practical experience and the problems in the establishment of the electronic catalog of journals.%21世纪将是图书馆形成社会知识中心的世纪,图书馆如何利用现代化技术,最大限度的挖掘图书馆现有资源,提高其利用率,是图书馆工作人员的职责.用Excel表格建立期刊资料电子目录,是图书馆工作人员充分发挥现有馆藏资料作用提高其利用率方面的一点尝试.本文就建立期刊电子目录工作中的实践经验以及所遇到的问题谈几点个人观点.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the cataloging consistency between health sciences faculty libraries at Ankara University. Online catalogs at four faculty libraries are used to detect differencies in MARC records. Access points included AACR2, main entry, title statement and area of responsibility, edition statement, publication, distribution (etc., physical description area, series area, and added entries are compared. Findings showed certain amount of inconsistency among the access points analysed. Highest numbers of inconsistencies among all libraries were found in the title and responsibility statement fields.
张国慧; 龙净林; 张秀丹
This paper discusses the new information environment influence on library catalogue work and library catalogers ideal basic quality structure model,and put forward the library cataloging librarians' quality and the basic ways of developing.%论述了新信息环境对图书馆编目工作的影响以及图书馆编目员的理想基本素质结构模式,并提出图书馆编目员素质培养的基本途径。
This paper defines the conception of CD-ROM resources,and analyses the cataloging for CD-ROM resources in library with the examples of cataloging work.%对光盘型电子资源进行了界定,结合工作实例对图书馆光盘型电子资源的编目进行分析。
随着科学技术的不断发展，网络信息技术已经逐渐渗入生活中，而网络时代的到来却对图书馆中传统的图书编目工作起着较大的冲突。网络计算机编目逐渐代替传统的手工图书编目工作，这样的编目方式是否能给高校图书馆带来工作效率上的提升，在进行高校图书编目时还会存在一些疑问，本文就针对高校图书馆编目工作进行探究。%With the development of science and technology, network information technology has gradually infiltrated people’s life, but the arrival of the Internet age was against traditional library cataloging. Network computer cataloging gradually replaced the traditional manual cataloging. Whether it enhanced the work efficiency was still in question and was explored here.
The outsourcing of library cataloguing service has become a trend. In the outsourcing of library cataloging, more attention should be paid to the libraries＇ dominant guidance of public bidding, the stability of outsourcing teams, and the strengthening of the organization of examination, supervision, inspection and reception in order to ensure the completion of the tasks qualitatively and quantitatively.%图书馆编目业务外包已经成为一个潮流。在图书馆编目业务外包中，应注意争取图书采购招标的主导权，注重外包服务队伍的稳定性，加强对审核监督和验收环节的组织，方能保质保量完成任务。
史玉珍; 刘玉坤; 李哲秀
为了提高图书馆编目业务的工作效率和书目元数据资源共享,结合管理平台的不一致性,展开了图书馆和出版社联合目录的web服务研究.首先介绍了SOA和Web服务的基本概念,结合REST架构的特点,提出了基于REST风格的图书馆和出版社协同编目的web服务方案.详细介绍了系统在服务端和客户端的设计,实现了图书联合编目系统,提高了图书编目的工作效率,并指出了今后的研究内容.%In order to improve the library catalog business efficiency and bibliography metadata resources sharing, according to diversified management platform, research of libraries and publishers union catalog based on web services was carried out. It firstly introduced basic concepts of SOA and Web services, combined with characteristics of REST framework, research of web service of library and press collaborative cataloging based on REST was proposed. It implemented library combined cataloging system and introduced design of server and client, improved the working efficiency of catalog and finally pointed out the future research content.
Sargent, C W
NLM's Current Catalog has recently come in for some criticism. To be useful as a tool in acquisition and cataloging, currency in receipt of the Current Catalog is necessary. A survey of 263 titles with 1967 imprints, which were received by the Library of the Medical Sciences, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, was made to determine the correlation between the receipt of these books in the library and their appearance in the Current Catalog. PMID:5695111
Grover, Mark L.
Discussion of cooperative activities among libraries focuses on cataloging of Latin American materials among research libraries. Differences in motivation for cooperation in acquisitions and in cataloging are discussed; and a study is described that examined which libraries were providing online cataloging, and differences between OCLC and RLIN…
Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.
Fernanda Passini Moreno
Full Text Available The FRBR model (Functional Requirements it Bibliographic Records (IFLA, 1998 is changing the way we work with the library catalog. One of the main contributions of this model is the representation of the bibliographic information through relationships between conceptual entities. In this case study we report the experience of converting 83,257 catalog records of the Network Virtual Library - National Congress (RVBI, encoded in the MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging to a format that organizes the bibliographic information using the FRBR concepts. As a result, information is presented more concisely literature and consequently generates time savings for the user at the time of the query. Moreover, results obtained were not initially expected, for example, identifying inconsistencies in MARC records. The tool "FRBR Display Tool", developed by the U.S. Library of Congress, was instrumental in the experiment reported here.
Under the international trend, unifying cataloging rules is the pressing matter of the moment for the industry of domestic cataloging circle. At present, there are many differences between China Academic Library ＆ Information System （CALLS） and the National Library of China （NLC） in cataloging rules. Some scholars have their own ideas on the phenomena, but they have omitted the difference in the cataloging of series item. Especially, when the series item becomes an important cataloging item, it has more differences in choosing, using fields and cataloging contents, which makes retrieving bibliography date and the co- construction and sharing of MARC inconvenient. Therefore, CALLS and NLC shoutd unify ideas, in order to formulate the unified cataloging rule at an early date.%在编目规则国际化的趋势下,统一编目著录规则已经成为国内编目界的当务之急。目前,CALIS和中国国家图书馆两家中心馆的编目著录规则存在一些不同,一些有识之士已经对此提出己见,但却遗漏了丛编项著录的差异。尤其是当丛编项作为重要的著录项时,它选取、使用的字段及著录的信息等方面的差异更为严重,给书目数据检索、共建共享带来了不便。因此,CALIS和国家图书馆应该统一思想,争取早日制订出统一的编目规则。
As the Internet brings a lot of impact on libraries, for example, various digital resources appears, digital libraries projects dramatically grow, cataloging departments and catalogers changed The article mainly studies what are the roles, tasks, jobs of cataloging librarians in web age. The competencies for cataloging librarians are also discussed in the research. The author used Delphi surveys which three round questionnaires regarding competencies for cataloging librarians were sent to an ...
Mohamed Hamed Mu'awwad
Full Text Available A directory of online cataloging tools, it collects more than 200 resources of essential tools used in libraries, the resources divided into 4 categories; individual tools classified according to type of activity, like: cataloging, classification, standard format; collective tools, non-collective tools, and free general tools available on the internet.
This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…
Groups of bibliographic records are added to library catalogs with increasing frequency. Batch cataloging requires knowledge of bulk record transfer as well as current cataloging standards. While more efficient than cataloging items individually, batch cataloging requires different skills and creates new challenges. Responses to a wide-ranging online survey document the workload, tools, practices, and problems of batch cataloging. The unique characteristics of electronic resources affect many...
This paper sketches the targets and functions of the development of the periodical shelf-position catalog database in the library of Three Gorges University, expounds the guiding ideology and basic principle of the development of the periodical shelf-position catalog database, emphatically introduces the main contents, design methods and procedures of the development of the periodical shelf-position catalog database, and sums up its innovative points.%简述了三峡大学图书馆期刊架位目录数据库开发的目的和作用,阐明了开发期刊架位目录数据库的指导思想和原则, 重点介绍了期刊架位目录数据库的主要内容、设计方法及步骤,并总结了其创新之处.
This paper discusses the importance of strengthening the quality of cataloging work of private uni-versity library, and then analyzes the deficiencies in cataloging work based on the practice of the cataloging work of the library. In the end, some suggestions are proposed to improve the quality of catalogue.%首先论述了加强民办高校图书馆编目工作质量的意义，接着结合广东培正学院图书馆编目工作的实践，分析了编目工作中存在的不足，并对提高编目工作质量给出了一些建议。
编目业务外包作为一种低成本、高效率的有效途径正被越来越多的图书馆所采用，这是图书馆编目工作发展的趋势。结合南通大学图书馆四年的编目业务外包的实践，分析图书馆编目业务外包中存在的问题，对如何提高编目业务外包的质量提出了可行性的建议。%The sub-contract of catalog work, as a kind of effective path of reducing cost and improving efficiency, has been adopted by more and more libraries. Taking the four-year practicing of our library cataloging outsourcing as an example, we analyzed the problems of the Cataloging Outsourcing and put forward practical solutions of how to im- prove the quality of Cataloging Outsourcing
Sacco, Concetta N.
Technological developments of the past twenty years have resulted in renewed interest in book-form catalogs. Users were surveyed at two libraries to determine that their satisfaction with bibliographical data, entry points, and physical form. (17 references) (Author/DH)
在对高校图书馆编目工作效率的影响因素进行分析的基础上,提出了一些提高高校图书馆编目工作效率的对策与建议。%In this paper,based on analyzing factors influencing working efficiency of the university library cataloging,the author has put forward suggestions to improve work efficiency.
张燕; 李静; 吴鸿骊
With the rapid development of computer science and network technology,traditional cataloging in the library can no longer satisfy the demanding needs of the contemporary informational and social environments.As a result,cataloging based on computer network has been universally utilized in libraries at all levels and of all kinds.This article discusses the process in which cataloging adapts to the brand new working environment and the professional skills and techniques it demands from the library cataloguers.%随着计算机技术和网络技术的飞速发展,传统的图书编目工作已难以满足信息环境和社会需求,基于计算机网络的图书编目工作已在各级、各类图书馆中普及开来,探讨了编目工作如何适应全新的工作环境以及对编目员提出职业技术技能要求。
Cole, Timothy W
How are today's librarians to manage and describe the everexpanding volumes of resources, in both digital and print formats? The use of XML in cataloging and metadata workflows can improve metadata quality, the consistency of cataloging workflows, and adherence to standards. This book is intended to enable current and future catalogers and metadata librarians to progress beyond a bare surfacelevel acquaintance with XML, thereby enabling them to integrate XML technologies more fully into their cataloging workflows. Building on the wealth of work on library descriptive practices, cataloging, and metadata, XML for Catalogers and Metadata Librarians explores the use of XML to serialize, process, share, and manage library catalog and metadata records. The authors' expert treatment of the topic is written to be accessible to those with little or no prior practical knowledge of or experience with how XML is used. Readers will gain an educated appreciation of the nuances of XML and grasp the benefit of more advanced ...
There is a close relationship between the change of network environment and cataloging operations in libraries of universities and colleges. The article set Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine as an example to explore the direction of change in libraries of universities and colleges and the necessity of innovation of cataloging operations in contents and structures. At the same time, the trend of new patterns in cataloging operations with social development was revealed.%高校图书馆编目工作的开展与网络环境的变化关系密切。本文以南京中医药大学图书馆为例，探索高校图书馆自身变革的方向，以及对编目工作的内容和结构等方面进行创新的必要性，并揭示其社会化发展新模式的趋势。
Gorman, Michael; Holt, Glen
Discusses the importance of cataloging to library service and addresses some of the debilitating effects that downsizing or elimination of cataloging departments, combined with outsourcing, and the consequent decline in bibliographic integrity, have on library service. Includes a sidebar on outsourcing. (JKP)
Libraries have developed sophisticated ways of categorizing information so that library users can most effectively find the materials they need. This book covers a wide range of important issues in the field, including archival finding aids, search engines, the major indexing and abstracting databases, subject guides, vendor-supplied cataloging records, metadata, and much more. Readers gain an appreciation of the importance of the role of cataloging and indexing of library materials.
Ma, Yingying; Sun, Zeyu; de Matos, Ricardo; Zhang, Jing; Odunsi, Kunle; Lin, Biaoyang
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most deadly gynecological cancer around the world, with high morbidity in industrialized countries. Early diagnosis is key in reducing its morbidity rate. Yet, robust biomarkers, diagnostics, and animal models are still limited for ovarian cancer. This calls for broader omics and systems science oriented diagnostics strategies. In this vein, the domestic chicken has been used as an ovarian cancer animal model, owing to its high rate of developing spontaneous epithelial ovarian tumors. Chicken blood has thus been considered a surrogate reservoir from which cancer biomarkers can be identified. However, the presence of highly abundant proteins in chicken blood has compromised the applicability of proteomics tools to study chicken blood owing to a lack of immunodepletion methods. Here, we demonstrate that a combinatorial peptide ligand library (CPLL) can efficiently remove highly abundant proteins from chicken blood samples, consequently doubling the number of identified proteins. Using an integrated CPLL-1DGE-LC-MSMS workflow, we identified a catalog of 264 unique proteins. Functional analyses further suggested that most proteins were coagulation and complement factors, blood transport and binding proteins, immune- and defense-related proteins, proteases, protease inhibitors, cellular enzymes, or cell structure and adhesion proteins. Semiquantitative spectral counting analysis identified 10 potential biomarkers from the present chicken ovarian cancer model. Additionally, many human homologs of chicken blood proteins we have identified have been independently suggested as diagnostic biomarkers for ovarian cancer, further triangulating our novel observations reported here. In conclusion, the CPLL-assisted proteomic workflow using the chicken ovarian cancer model provides a feasible platform for translational research to identify ovarian cancer biomarkers and understand ovarian cancer biology. To the best of our knowledge, we report here
McTigue, E; Robinson, M E; Saver, B; Schultz, C K
Application of a programmable terminal and printer to the cataloging task of a small medical library is described. The application is independent of a computer; the terminal is used in "local" mode only. Full sets of catalog cards are produced, following a single typing of descriptive cataloging data and tracings. Books can be cataloged the same day they are received. Actual cost per book is just over a dollar, for equipment rental, card stock, and the cataloger's time at the console, after call number, tracings, and main entry for the book have been determined. PMID:831883
With the rapid development of computer technology and network technology, the cataloguing outsourcing has been very popular in China’s university libraries. Aiming at the analysis and research on the existing risk problems of cataloging outsourcing in university libraries, this article put forward some countermeasures for the risk control of university libraries’ cataloging outsourcing, so as to promote the benign development of library.%随着计算机技术和网络技术的飞速发展，我国高校图书馆的图书编目业务外包已经非常普及。本文主要针对高校图书馆图书编目业务外包存在的风险问题进行分析和研究，提出了高校图书馆图书编目业务外包风险控制的对策，从而促进图书馆事业向良性发展。
Full Text Available 本研究針對全國技專校院圖書館進行問卷調查，並透過描述性統計分析（次數分配、平均數）及相關性統計分析等方法，以期達到下列四項目的：一、了解國內技專校院圖書館編目工作所面臨的問題與挑戰及其因應之解決策略；二、分析國內技專校院圖書館編目工作所面臨的各種問題與挑戰間發生程度的差異性，以及因應之各種解決策略間採用程度的差異性；三、探究國內技專校院圖書館針對編目工作面臨的問題與挑戰，與其所運用之解決策略間的相關性；四、依據研究結論提出對技專校院圖書館的編目工作發展之建議。希望此項研究結果，對技專校院圖書館從事編目工作之主管及館員，在未來規劃編目工作時具實質的參考價值，使編目工作得以更順利的推展，並受到學校當局及圖書館館長的重視與關注。The study conducted a questionnaire survey on all technological university and college libraries in Taiwan. Through descriptive statistical analysis(e.g. percentage and mean and correlation statistical analysis, the study tried to explore four issues as follows: 1. challenges and strategies of cataloging operations in interviewed libraries; 2. the difference in the frequency of occurrence among challenges and strategies; 3. the correlation between these challenges and strategies; 4. actionable suggestions for future operation and development of cataloging. The researcher also hopes the results of study will provide useful and practical references for mangers and staff in the division of cataloging on planning better cataloging operations, in addition to make school authorities and library heads to pay more attention and focus on the cataloging operations issues.
Library Catalogue Users Are Influenced by Trends in Web Searching Search Strategies. A review of: Novotny, Eric. “I Don’t Think I Click: A Protocol Analysis Study of Use of a Library Online Catalog in the Internet Age.” College & Research Libraries, 65.6 (Nov. 2004: 525-37.
Full Text Available Objective – To explore how Web-savvy users think about and search an online catalogue. Design – Protocol analysis study. Setting – Academic library (Pennsylvania State University Libraries. Subjects – Eighteen users (17 students, 1 faculty member of an online public access catalog, divided into two groups of nine first-time and nine experienced users. Method – The study team developed five tasks that represented a range of activities commonly performed by library users, such as searching for a specific item, identifying a library location, and requesting a copy. Seventeen students and one faculty member, divided evenly between novice and experienced searchers, were recruited to “think aloud” through the performance of the tasks. Data were gathered through audio recordings, screen capture software, and investigator notes. The time taken for each task was recorded, and investigators rated task completion as “successful,” “partially successful,” “fail,” or “search aborted.” After the searching session, participants were interviewed to clarify their actions and provide further commentary on the catalogue search. Main results – Participants in both test groups were relatively unsophisticated subject searchers. They made minimal use of Boolean operators, and tended not to repair failed searches by rethinking the search vocabulary and using synonyms. Participants did not have a strong understanding of library catalogue contents or structure and showed little curiosity in developing an understanding of how to utilize the catalogue. Novice users were impatient both in choosing search options and in evaluating their search results. They assumed search results were sorted by relevance, and thus would not typically browse past the initial screen. They quickly followed links, fearlessly tried different searches and options, and rapidly abandoned false trails. Experienced users were more effective and efficient searchers than
Roderick, Elizabeth; Taylor, Jean Marie; Byrd, Sam; Courson, Glenn
Describes The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Project that has made many of its state library collections available via the Internet and World Wide Web. Highlights include digitization decisions; the HTML Web gateway; the online catalog; microfilm digitization; users and use statistics; and future projects. (LRW)
面对高校的连年扩招，教育部的教学评估以及高校图书馆自身运营成本的增加等问题，高校图书馆一些辅助性业务早在20世纪末就已经开始外包给专业公司完成。但作为图书馆核心业务的图书编目、加工，近些年也开始由本馆自行完成转变为委托外部专业图书公司代理加工。面对这一现象，本文在分析图书馆编目业务外包现状的基础上，提出了对外包图书公司的外包前和外包后评价策略，以及加强馆内各部门的沟通与协调机制。%facing the college enrollment in recent years,the teaching evaluation of the Ministry of educa-tion and university library its operating costs increased,University Library some auxiliary businesses early at the end of the 20th century began outsourcing to professional firms to complete.But as the core operation of library cataloging,processing in recent years have begun to the museum itself into external professional book company commissioned agent processing.In the face of this phenomenon,this article in the analysis of Library Cataloging Outsourcing status based on the proposed of book outsourcing company's outsourcing and outsourcing evaluation strategy,and strengthen the museum in the Depart-ment of communication and coordination mechanism.
Leslie, Deborah J.
Reports on the American Library Association's efforts to update the Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (DCRM). Describes topics of working groups that include transcription of early letter forms, rare book cataloging of machine-press books, collection-level cataloging, problems and lacunae, and varieties of editions and issues and when to…
Graham, Peter S.
Discusses trends in computer technology and their use for library catalogs, noting the concept of bandwidth (describes quantity of information transmitted per given unit of time); computer hardware differences (micros, minis, maxis); distributed processing systems and databases; optical disk storage; networks; transmission media; and terminals.…
Nitecki, Joseph Z., Comp.
Intended as a working tool for the administrators of library reprographic processes, this compilation includes 22 papers dealing with the technology of card reproduction for library catalogs. Among the reproduction devices discussed are the Copy Cat camera, the Cataloger's Camera, the Olivetti Enlarging Copier, and the IBM Magnetic Tape Selectric…
Through the decades, the kinds of materials found in libraries have grown and changed, adapting to the needs of library users as well as economic, social, and even environmental factors. Similarly, the presentation format for cataloging content has changed. Another change is about to emerge in cataloging, and its name is FRBR (Functional…
Fritz, Deborah A.
Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) is the dominant format for the bibliographic cataloging of all types of library materials. This source cross references "Anglo-American Cataloging Rules, 2nd ed., 1988 revision" (AACR2R), MARC tags/subfields, and interpretations for Library of Congress rules for each of the major media categories. This book…
Geckle, Beverly J.; Pozzebon, Mary Ellen; Williams, Jo
This article recounts a project at the Middle Tennessee State University library to include records for electronic databases in the online catalog. Although electronic databases are accessible via the library's Databases A-Z list and related subject guides, cataloging these resources also provides access via the online catalog, allowing more of…
National Archives and Records Administration — ALIC is an online library catalog of books, periodicals, and other materials contained in Archives I and II and book collections located in other facilities.
Flynn, Emily Alinder
The open access (OA) movement is working to transform scholarly communication around the world, but this philosophy can also apply to metadata and cataloging records. While some notable, large academic libraries, such as Harvard University, the University of Michigan, and the University of Cambridge, released their cataloging records under OA…
This paper has introduced the cluster management of public libraries by the Heilongjiang Provincial public Library, combed the Chinese cataloging situation of libraries at the city and county level, analyzed the current status and problems in cataloging, and given ideas for future work.%简要介绍了黑龙江省图书馆对全省公共图书馆的集群管理，分析了市县级图书馆的中文图书编目情况，解析了目前编目工作的现状以及存在的问题，并提出了未来工作的思路。
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網路時代，圖書館員需要具備專業能力以有效執行資訊組織工作及整理網路與數位資源，圖書資訊學校需因應時代變遷與圖書館期許調整資訊組織與數位資源 組織課程以培養資訊組織專家。本研究旨在探討我國資訊組織與Metadata教育現況及是否符合圖書館需求，研究目的包括：(1調查我國圖書資訊學系所 提供資訊組織課程現況。(2調查我國圖書資訊學系所提供網路與數位資源組織課程現況。(3探討Metadata課程與編目課程的關係。(4探討我國 資訊組織課程是否符合圖書館員的專業能力需求。本研究利用問卷調查輔以網站內容分析，調查我國圖書資訊學系所資訊組織課程與Metadata課程現況，並 探討Metadata與編目課程關係，以及資訊組織供應與圖書館需求之平衡。研究結果顯示臺灣9所圖書資訊學校開設22門基礎資訊組織課程、46門進階課 程、6門網路與數位資源組織課程，共74 門，平均每校開設8.2門課，其中有2門Metadata課程。
The article mainly discusses organization of information as well as Metadata education in Taiwan. The paper presents finding of a survey on the state of cataloging and Metadata education in nine library and information science programs in Taiwan. The author sent questionnaires to nine library and information science programs, used web sites content analysis, and undertook in-depth interviews with faculties teaching organization of information courses. The survey showed there were seventy four courses on cataloging and Metadata provided, including twenty-two basic courses, forty six advanced courses, and six internet and digital information organizing courses. Among those courses, there were two Metadata courses provided by Fu-Jen Catholic University and Hsuang Chuang University. Metadata topics were well integrated into organization of information curriculum
Urbano, Cristóbal; Zhang, Yin; Downey, Kay; Klingler, Tom
In January 2012, Kent State University Libraries implemented a 6-month pilot project for a Patron Driven Acquisitions (PDA) e-book purchasing model that uses a combination of the acquisition services provided by the primary book jobber (YBP) and the access services provided by a well-known e-book distributer (ebrary). Using the book jobber mediated PDA model provided the library with selected discovery records that closely matched specifications of the library’...
This paper describes the experience and the observation of the author as a cataloger of Chinese publications at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Library. The trends in collection development of Chinese language materials in the Library have a crucial impact on Chinese cataloging. The way that Chinese cataloging has been haudled in this rapidly changing environment is reported here.
Anderson, Linda M.
Presented are the very basic requirements for establishing a small special library operating under a limited budget. Physical plant organization, cataloging, book processing, circulation procedures, book selection and ordering and instructions for typists are covered. Although the practices discussed were established for a museum library, what is…
Study on MARC21 Cataloging of Related Works with Previous-subsequent Relationship---Taking the Cataloging of Foreign Language Periodicals in the Library of Nankai University as an Example%先前-后续关系相关作品的MARC21编目研究*--以南开大学图书馆西文期刊编目为例
结合工作经验，介绍了南开大学图书馆西文期刊编目的一些方式、方法，阐述了编目先前—后续关系相关数据时应注意的问题，旨在全面揭示相关数据的连接关系，方便读者快速检索到他们想要的资源。%Connecting with the working experiences, this paper expounds some modes and methods adopted by the library of Nankai University in cataloging of foreign language periodicals, and expounds some problems needing attention in cataloging of related data with previous-subsequent relationship in order to fully disclose related data’s connection relationship and make it easier for readers to quickly retrieve the resources they want.
Dougherty, Richard M.; Stephens, James G.
The objectives of the study were to record: (1) the problems encountered in interpreting and using the Illinois program documentation; (2) the modifications required to reconcile system incompatibilities and inefficiencies due to different computer configurations; (3) the input instruction modifications made to accommodate local library processing…
Shares the trials and tribulations in addressing the problems with the online catalog in the Library of the Greek Parliament in Athens, Greece. Library as a showplace; Reaction of the administration of the Library of Parliament and the lawmakers to the introduction of electronic reference service.
In my thesis I described what service catalog is and demonstrated the implementation of it. I focused on the service catalog as presented in ITIL. There are presented aspects of a service catalog within the process of service management as well as organizational, strategic and procedural aspects of a service catalog within the company. With the introduction of service-oriented architecture in the company, the number of services that companies offer substantially increase. In the introducti...
Jaworski, Susan; Sullivan, Roberta
Do library catalogs compete with Google or is it the other way around? We know which came first but which will finish in the end? Only trained library professionals were considered qualified to develop reliable catalog records. However, with the increased sophistication of search engines, we are beginning to realize that a collaborative effort may…
School library websites enhance and explain the services provided by the library. Most schools have a library website. Jurkowski (2004) reviewed thirty-four school library websites and ranked the most common features: website links, databases, policies, Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC), and websites by subject. These features give patrons a…
Discusses catalog records for non-English books created by European booksellers and loaded into OCLC; describes a study of Italian language monographs to compare vendor records with Library of Congress and OCLC member libraries' records; and considers changes in cataloging workflow needed to edit records to include Library of Congress call numbers…
Kunda, Susan A.; Nielsen, Elizabeth A.
The academic catalog is a vital record for colleges and universities. Until the late 1980s, Oregon State University catalogs were published, distributed and archived solely in print format. With the advent of web and digital technologies, the Oregon State University Registrar’s Office also began placing an electronic version of the most recent catalogs online, while the Oregon State University Libraries provided access to earlier versions of the catalog through a subscription to College Sourc...
Whitehair, David E.
In late 1988, a compact disc cataloging product was introduced to the library market. In order to learn more about the needs of current users, a survey was developed to include questions concerning software features and operations, software enhancements, bibliographic and authority subsets, and hardware issues. This study was conducted among all…
Full Text Available Just as education for cataloging has to follow functions of the catalog, education for knowledge organization needs to stem from the functions of databases. The reform of higher education in the light of Bologna Declaration (1999 has stimulated a consideration of changes in education for cataloging and knowledge organization at the Department of Library and Information Science and Book Studies at the Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana. A two level university program (3+2 years is suggested by the Bologna Declaration. A proposed stepwise learning for cataloging and knowledge organization is intended to consider the functions of a library catalog on the one hand and to enable students for various degrees of specialization on the other. In each year of study one or more courses would be offered that would increase theoretical and scientific level of topics according to the knowledge acquired in previous courses. However, theoretical knowledge should be enhanced by practical work , therefore courses should provide practical training and internship. After graduation a period of introducing novices should remain an essential part of training. Professional librarians should see continuing educaiton as an integral part of their careers.
Profile of introduction of automation at William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, notes library's history; library collections; opinions of staff including director Elvin Strowd; and development and costs of Triangle Library Network, an online catalog involving libraries of Duke, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and North Carolina…
Reviews job advertisements published in "American Libraries" and "College and Research Libraries News" to assess the impact of the use of information technology in libraries on job requirements and qualifications for catalogers. Examines position titles, degree requirements, and required skills, and suggests implications for library educators and…
Eden, Bradford Lee
Each summer, circulation staff in my library inventories a section of the stacks andbrings collection issues to the attention of appropriate bibliographers. Since I amresponsible for the economics collection, I see an array of government documents thathave managed to elude the cataloging process. Many of these titles are decades old,having squatted in the library undisturbed and uncirculated since our online catalogwas implemented in 1990.
The development of the Internet and the World Wide Web has given libraries many new opportunities to disseminate organized information about internal and external collections to users. One of these possibilities is to make separate databases for information or services not sufficiently covered by the online public access catalog (OPAC) or other available databases. What’s new is that librarians can now create and maintain these databases and make them user-friendly. Library-generated database...
Gomoll, Andreas H; Thornhill, Thomas S
The advent of digital photography and radiography allows documentation of interesting clinical findings with unprecedented ease, and many orthopaedic surgeons have taken extensive advantage of this opportunity to create large digital libraries of clinical results. However, this leaves surgeons with a rapidly increasing volume of data to store and organize; therefore, a system for archiving, locating, and managing images, radiographs, and digital slide presentations has become a crucial need in most orthopaedic groups and practices. However, many surgical groups and practices are not familiar with the computer technology available to initiate such systems. In this review, we discuss several software solutions currently on the market to address the specific needs of orthopaedic surgeons, and as a practical example, discuss a system that is in place in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at our institution. Overall, depending on the individual circumstances of each institution, there are various options that meet different technologic and financial requirements. PMID:15123922
Buchanan, Nancy L.
Library resources are prevalent on the Internet. Library catalogs, electronic books, electronic periodicals, periodical indexes, reference sources, and U.S. Government documents are available by telnet, Gopher, World Wide Web, and FTP. Comparatively few copyrighted library resources are available freely on the Internet. Internet implementations of library resources can add useful features, such as full-text searching. There are discussion lists, Gophers, and World Wide Web pages to help users keep up with new resources and changes to existing ones. The future will bring more library resources, more types of library resources, and more integrated implementations of such resources to the Internet.
Krummel, D. W.
Considers relationships between the fields of library history and historical bibliography. Topics include the act of reading versus the cultural institutions of reading; description and cataloging; book production; paradigm shifts; classification systems; electronic libraries; and the need for theory to grow out of practice. (LRW)
Smith, Ruth S.
Designed as a beginning, how-to guide, this handbook lists 20 short steps to cataloging library materials for a church or synagogue library. The guide opens with a history and a brief explanation of the Dewey Decimal System, with special attention given to the divisions and subdivisions that fall under the category "Religion." Several references…
Critiques of hegemonic library classification structures and controlled vocabularies have a rich history in information studies. This project has pointed out the trouble with classification and cataloging decisions that are framed as objective and neutral but are always ideological and worked to correct bias in library structures. Viewing…
From earliest beginnings in the 1990s, cataloging in school libraries is the product of three tasks--listing important details about an item (such as author, size, number of pages), selecting words and phrases that describe the item (such as subject headings, summary notes), and choosing numbers and codes that place the item on the shelf (such as…
With the rapid development of network information technology,great changes have taken place in library’s cataloging environment,which has brought great influence to cataloging work. This paper discusses the changes of library’s cataloging work in the network environment,and based on this,puts forward some countermeasures for doing well library’s cataloging work in the new environment.%随着网络信息技术的迅速发展，图书馆的编目环境发生了巨大的变化，对编目工作带来很大影响。论述了网络环境下图书馆编目工作发生的变化，在此基础上提出了新环境下做好图书馆编目工作的对策。
This paper discusses research areas and methods related to library history. The first section outlines research areas, including activities such as services to children in public libraries, mobile libraries, cataloging rules and practice, classification rules and practices, development of bibliographies, organization models, literature offered to…
Onsi, P W; Pelosi, S J
This paper describes the procedures and practices adopted for the cooperative cataloging program between NLM, Countway, and the Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse. Catalogers were trained by NLM, and the two libraries communicated data and queries by means of TWX and, later, IBM terminals. A description is given of how books are selected for cataloging, and details are given as to how conflicts in cataloging practice are settled. Further results of such cooperation are given, such as the addition of Upstate's holding symbol in Current Catalog. Statistics of work done are given, and impending changes are mentioned. PMID:5439903
An experiment at the College of Charleston (South Carolina) library examined whether using Blackwell's Library of Congress Machine Readable Cataloging with books without the CIP upgrading would be worthwhile in terms of cataloging productivity and efficiency; it also looked at additional costs involved with the CIP upgrading. (AEF)
National Archives and Records Administration — MCMD serves as a descriptive catalog for the Presidential Libraries museum collections, and also supports a full range of museum collections management processes...
National Capital Planning Commission — The National Capital Planning Commission library catalog is a compilation of titles, authors, years of publication and topics of books, reports and NCPC publications.
A Study on the Method of Sorting out the Rare Chinese Books in the Library of Congress---a Case Study of The Continuation of Descriptive Catalog of Rare Chinese Books in the Library of Congress%美国国会图书馆藏中文善本书整理方法研究--基于《美国国会图书馆藏中文善本书续录》文本解析
The Library of Congress has the biggest foreign collection of Rare Chinese Books. The arrangement and study about these Chinese Books come into being two outstanding achievements which are carried out by two Chinese scholar. The former is Wang chongmmin’s Descriptive Catalog of Rare Chinese Books in the Library of Congress. The later is Fan Bangjin’s The Contin-uation of Descriptive Catalog of Rare Chinese Books in the Library of Congress. As a continuator, the later not only include the Rare Chinese Books excluded by the former, also revised the error in the former. This article tries to make a deeper research on the two achievements in order to advance the foreign Sinological.%美国国会图书馆拥有最大的海外中国善本书馆藏，对其大规模的整理研究，前后有两项重大成果问世，均系中国学者完成。前一项是20世纪中叶的王重民《美国国会图书馆藏中国善本书录》，后一项是本世纪初的范邦瑾《美国国会图书馆藏中文善本书续录》。后者是对前者未竟之业的继承，不仅收录了大量前者所未见的中文善本书，且对前者之误进行了订补。本文就这项最新整理研究成果展开研究，梳理其切入的角度与整理的层面，以推动海外汉学研究的发展。
Karin Herm; Sibylle Volz
The Cooperative Library Network Berlin-Brandenburg (KOBV), Germany addresses the problem of how to integrate resources found outside the library and library holdings into a single discovery tool. It presents a solution that uses open source technology to develop a next-generation catalog interface called the Library Search Engine. This pilot project was launched in 2007 with the library of Albert Einstein Science Park, Potsdam. The idea was to design and develop a fast and convenient search t...
Baru, C.; Lin, K.
The Geosciences Network project (www.geongrid.org) has been developing cyberinfrastructure for data sharing in the Earth Science community based on a service-oriented architecture. The project defines a standard "software stack", which includes a standardized set of software modules and corresponding service interfaces. The system employs Grid certificates for distributed user authentication. The GEON Portal provides online access to these services via a set of portlets. This service-oriented approach has enabled the GEON network to easily expand to new sites and deploy the same infrastructure in new projects. To facilitate interoperation with other distributed geoinformatics environments, service standards are being defined and implemented for catalog services and federated search across distributed catalogs. The need arises because there may be multiple metadata catalogs in a distributed system, for example, for each institution, agency, geographic region, and/or country. Ideally, a geoinformatics user should be able to search across all such catalogs by making a single search request. In this paper, we describe our implementation for such a search capability across federated metadata catalogs in the GEON service-oriented architecture. The GEON catalog can be searched using spatial, temporal, and other metadata-based search criteria. The search can be invoked as a Web service and, thus, can be imbedded in any software application. The need for federated catalogs in GEON arises because, (i) GEON collaborators at the University of Hyderabad, India have deployed their own catalog, as part of the iGEON-India effort, to register information about local resources for broader access across the network, (ii) GEON collaborators in the GEO Grid (Global Earth Observations Grid) project at AIST, Japan have implemented a catalog for their ASTER data products, and (iii) we have recently deployed a search service to access all data products from the EarthScope project in the US
Dai, Longji; Chen, Ling; Zhang, Hongyang
Describes CALIS (China Academic Library and Information System), a nationwide academic library consortium funded primarily by the Chinese government to serve multiple resource-sharing functions among the participating libraries, including online searching, interlibrary loan, document delivery, and coordinated purchasing and cataloging, by…
Nicole Engard follows up her ground-breaking 2009 book Library Mashups with a fresh collection of mashup projects that virtually any library can emulate, customize, and build upon. In More Library Mashups, Engard and 24 creative library professionals describe how they are mashing up free and inexpensive digital tools and techniques to improve library services and meet everyday (and unexpected) challenges. Examples from libraries of all types are designed to help even non-programmers share and add value to digital content, update and enhance library websites and collections, mashup catalog data, connect to the library's automation system, and use emerging tools like Serendip-o-matic, Umlaut, and Libki to engage users, staff, and the community.
College Board, 2011
This catalog lists research reports, research notes, and other publications available from the College Board's website. The catalog briefly describes research publications available free of charge. Introduced in 1981, the Research Report series includes studies and reviews in areas such as college admission, special populations, subgroup…
Gelder, Hilde Van
This is an online publication on the website of CONTOUR 7, including both the English and the Dutch versions of my catalog essay entitled Lessons from Moria / Lessen uit Moria. The weblink is: http://contour7.be/files/uploads/page/CONTOUR7_PREVIEW_FOOLING_UTOPIA_CATALOG.pdf.
Reph, M. G.
This document provides a summary of information available in the NASA Climate Data Catalog. The catalog provides scientific users with technical information about selected climate parameter data sets and the associated sensor measurements from which they are derived. It is an integral part of the Pilot Climate Data System (PCDS), an interactive, scientific management system for locating, obtaining, manipulating, and displaying climate research data. The catalog is maintained in a machine readable representation which can easily be accessed via the PCDS. The purposes, format and content of the catalog are discussed. Summarized information is provided about each of the data sets currently described in the catalog. Sample detailed descriptions are included for individual data sets or families of related data sets.
Weare, William H., Jr.; Toms, Sue; Breeding, Marshall
Do students prefer to use Google instead of the library catalog? Ever wondered why? Google is easier to use and delivers plenty of "good enough" resources to meet their needs. The current generation of online catalogs has two main problems. First, the look and feel of the interface doesn't reflect the conventions adhered to elsewhere on the web,…
Joachim, Martin D.
Describes problems encountered during the cataloging of three major microform sets at the Indiana University Libraries. Areas discussed include size and contents of the sets, staffing for the project, equipment, authority work, rare book cataloging rules, serials, language of materials, musical scores, and manuscripts. (CLB)
This paper presents an overview of efforts at Los Alamos National Laboratory to acquire and mount the Energy Science and Technology Database (EDB) as a citation database on the Research Library`s Geac Advance system. The rationale for undertaking this project and expected benefits are explained. Significant issues explored are loading non-USMARC records into a MARC-based library system, the use of EDB records to replace or supplement in-house cataloging of technical reports, the impact of different cataloging standards and database size on searching and retrieval, and how integrating an external database into the library`s online catalog may affect staffing and workflow.
Fayyad, Usama M.; Djorgovski, S. G.; Weir, Nicholas
The value of scientific digital-image libraries seldom lies in the pixels of images. For large collections of images, such as those resulting from astronomy sky surveys, the typical useful product is an online database cataloging entries of interest. We focus on the automation of the cataloging effort of a major sky survey and the availability of digital libraries in general. The SKICAT system automates the reduction and analysis of the three terabytes worth of images, expected to contain on ...
在计算机和网络技术的时代里，各图书馆通过联合编目获得数据共享的方式已成为提高工作效率的主要手段之一．如何提高联合编目数据的质量，针对在此过程中出现的一些数据质量问题提出了相关建议。%This article has discussed the important functions of duplicate checking in online shared cataloging, combining with examples, the article has discussed duplicate checking way and problems, and summarized some effective methods of improving the quality of date quality of union cataloging.
Full Text Available At Yale University Library (YUL, recorded reference transactions revealed that after finding a book in the catalog patrons had difficulty knowing how to use the call number to find the book on the shelf. The Library created a mobile service to help locate the call number in the library stacks. From any call number of a book in Sterling Memorial Library at YUL, a map will be displayed which highlights that call number’s general area on a floor in the stacks. YUL introduced the mapping application in Yufind, a catalog in place at Yale since 2008 which is based on Vufind.
Cuddy, Theresa M.; Marchok, Catherine
At Capital Health System/Fuld Campus (formerly Helene Fuld Medical Center), the Health Sciences Library lost many books and videocassettes. These materials were listed in the catalog but were missing when staff went to the shelves. The hospital had experienced a downsizing of staff, a reorganization, and a merger. When the library staff did an inventory, $10,000 worth of materials were found to be missing. We corrected the situation through a series of steps that we believe will help other li...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This Catalog summarizes the samples examined in the course of the Preliminary Examination (PE) Team (PET) of the Stardust Mission to comet Wild 2, and the results...
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The Lunar Map Catalog includes various maps of the moon's surface, including Apollo landing sites; earthside, farside, and polar charts; photography index maps;...
Full Text Available The Oracle OLAP option of Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition provides advanced analytic features to help us to summarize, analyze and calculate data faster than standard SQL. In this article I discussed about the CWM2, a set of PL/SQL packages which are using to create the OLAP Catalog metadata for an analytic workspace. BI Beans applications query OLAP Catalog metadata.
Crawford, D S
The regional medical library service provided to physicians, hospitals, nurses, social workers, and health care administrators throughout Northern Ireland by the Queen's University of Belfast is described. A brief outline of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom is given, and the library service is described in terms of collections, cataloging, interlibrary loan, and reference.
Bunzel, Jurgen; Poll, Roswitha
Describes academic libraries in Germany and how they have been influenced by restructuring and reforming the higher education system, changes in information technology and information industry, and effects of the German reunification process. Discusses library resources, including staff, buildings, and collections; catalogs; preservation; user…
City University of New York libraries turned to outsourcing of cataloging and acquisitions when the library technical services departments of the 19 colleges consolidated into one office. Discusses how needs of the colleges were determined, costs of technical services, how a vendo was located, and the results of the decision to outsource.…
Worland, Peter B.; Nye, James H.
The Folke Bernadotte Memorial Library contains 200,000 volumes and 900 serial subscriptions and operates with an annual budget as of 1974-75 of $235,000. It serves 2000 undergraduates in a 4 year liberal arts college. Library automation is used in the following areas: (1) bibliographic compilations; (2) cataloging of books, octavo choral…
Self-service is a hit. From gas stations to banks to grocery stores--it has become table stakes for retailers who aim to satisfy an increasingly independent consumer. Libraries are no exception, and, in fact, with their card catalog past, they may well have been in the vanguard in enabling customers to find what they want on their own. Card…
Brownrigg, Edwin B.; And Others
This tutorial on packet radio (communication system using radio and digital packet-switching technology) highlights radio transmission of data, brief history, special considerations in applying packet radio to library online catalogs, technology, defining protocol at physical and network levels, security, geographic coverage, and components. (A…
Describes the use of IBM's Storage and Information Retrieval System (STAIRS) in the development of an online catalog for the Business and Technical Library of the Cummins Engine Company. The functions, advantages, and disadvantages of the system are outlined. A reference list and three sample searches are attached. (JL)
The URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC) consists of 112,177 parallaxes. The catalog utilizes all Northern Hemisphere exposures from the United States Naval Observatory (USNO) Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT) obtained between April 2012 and June 2015. Relative parallaxes are converted to absolute using photometric distance estimates of UCAC4 reference stars. There are 2 groups of stars in this catalog: 1) 58,677 stars with prior published trigonometric parallax (Hipparcos, Yale Parallax Catalog, MEarth project and SIMBAD), and 2) 53,500 stars with first time trigonometric parallaxes as obtained from URAT data. More stringent selection criteria have been applied for group 2 then for group 1 in order to keep the rate of false detections low. The mean error in UPC parallaxes is 10.8 and 4.3 mas for groups 1 and 2, respectively. All stars in UPC are north of -13 deg Dec and between 6.5 and 17 mag. The UPC is published by CDS as catalog I/333 and the acronym has been registered with the IAU. The Finch & Zacharias (...
Marc Crozier; Jay Paige; Martin Kalfatovic; Chris Freeland
Reusing metadata generated through years of cataloging practice is a natural and pragmatic way of leveraging an institution's investment in describing its resources. Using Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), the Biodiversity Heritage Library generates new interfaces for browsing and navigating books in a digital library. LCSH are grouped into tag clouds and plotted on interactive maps using methods available within the Google Maps Application Programming Interface (API). Code example...
Tosaka, Yugi; Park, Jung-ran
This study aims at gaining a better understanding of the current state and needs of RDA training among cataloging and metadata practitioners. Using nationwide survey data focusing on the academic library sector, this study finds that while training activities since RDA's release in 2010 show a positive correlation with catalogers' levels of RDA…
Jonas, Eva S.; Regen, Shari S.
Argues that the Museum of Comparative Zoology Library reflects the union between the nineteenth century natural history values of Louis Agassiz and the twentieth century library and information science methodology. Special collections, records, cataloging and classification, serials and their classification, policies, services, and procedures are…
Susan R. Morris
Full Text Available The process of implementation of RDA by Library of Congress, National Agricultural Library, and National Library of Medicine is presented. Each phase of development, test, decision, preparation for implementation of RDA and training about RDA is fully and accurately described and discussed. Benefits from implementation of RDA for the Library of Congress are identified and highlighted: more flexibility in cataloguing decisions, easier international sharing of cataloguing data, clearer linking among related works; closer cooperation with other libraries in the North American community, production of an online learning platform in order to deliver RDA training on a large scale in real time to catalogers.
Full Text Available Printed catalogs are useful in a variety of contexts. In special collections, they are often used as reference tools and to commemorate exhibits. They are useful in settings, such as in developing countries, where reliable access to the Internet—or even electricity—is not available. In addition, many private collectors like to have printed catalogs of their collections. All the information needed for creating printed catalogs is readily available in the MARC bibliographic records used by most libraries, but there are no turnkey solutions available for the conversion from MARC to printed catalog. This article describes the development of a system, available on github, that uses XSLT, Perl, and LaTeX to produce press-ready PDFs from MARCXML files. The article particularly focuses on the two XSLT stylesheets which comprise the core of the system, and do the "heavy lifting" of sorting and indexing the entries in the catalog. The author also highlights points where the data stored in MARC bibliographic records requires particular "massaging," and suggests improvements for future attempts at automated printed catalog generation.
Various types of pirated Chinese books are given with specific examples. The basic steps followed for the proper identification of these books is described, and remedies suggested in case the original is discovered after the book has been cataloged according to the information given by the book pirate. (13 references) (Author/NH)
A Dialogue on the Subject Catalogue. J. M. Perreault: "A Representative of the New Left in American Subject Cataloguing." A Review Essay on Sanford Berman's "The Joy of Cataloging" with Response by Sanford Berman. Occasional Paper Number 161.
Perreault, J. M.; Berman, Sanford
Perreault's essay presents a critical review of "The Joy of Cataloging," a collection of 44 essays, addresses, reviews, and letters by Sanford Berman, head cataloger at the Hennepin County Library (HCL) in Edina, Minnesota. Cataloging principles ascribed to Berman include naturalness and fullness of language, file integration, findability…
Smart, R. L.
We describe the Attitude Star Catalog produced for the Gaia mission. This catalog is being used by Gaia for the first on-ground attitude reconstruction. Originally it was simply a subset of the Initial Gaia Source List but this subset did not meet the isolation requirements and it contained a significant number of double entries. As a result during the commissioning phase of Gaia a new generation of this catalog, that better fulfills the attitude reconstruction requirements, was requested. Here we describe the production and properties of this new Attitude Star Catalog. The Attitude Star Catalog was made by combining 7 all sky catalogs and selecting entries based on magnitude, isolation and astrometric precision criteria. The catalog has 8173331 entries with estimates of the positions at 2000, proper motions and magnitudes (Gaia G, Gaia Grvs, red RF & blue BJ) in the magnitude range 7.0 web-site.
John F. Harvey
Describes the current state of librarianship and bibliography in Cyprus, with separate sections for the Greek and Turkish sectors. Although there is no national library in the Greek sector there are 5 types of public library: Nicosia public library; Limassol, Larnaca and Paphos public libraries; community libraries; mobile libraries; and foreign cultural centre libraries. Schools and colleges in the Greek centre are well provided with libraries and most government departments sponsor special ...
Ποτηρακης, Στέλιος; Ganchev, Todor; Tuna, Gürkan; Τάτλας, Νικόλαος-Αλέξανδρος; Recep Design
The role of public libraries has long been recognized, rendering them a timeless offered form of public service. Users of a public library should have easy access to catalogs and full text of printed and electronic versions of books, magazines, and periodicals, as well as to multimedia databases. Every day, most public libraries are in service for several hours, thus computer-based library service applications provide a valuable service supplement. In this study, a robotic agent which guides ...
Kenkeremath, D. (ed.)
The technology items in this report were selected on the basis of technological readiness and applicability to current technology transfer thrusts. The items include technologies that are considered to be within 2 to 3 years of being transferred. While the catalog does not profess to be entirely complete, it does represent an initial attempt at archiving innovative geothermal technologies with ample room for additions as they occur. The catalog itself is divided into five major functional areas: Exploration; Drilling, Well Completion, and Reservoir Production; Materials and Brine Chemistry; Direct Use; and Economics. Within these major divisions are sub-categories identifying specific types of technological advances: Hardware; Software; Data Base; Process/Procedure; Test Facility; and Handbook.
Since its formation in 1977, US DOE has been authorized to support education programs that help ensure an adequate supply of scientists, engineers, and technicians for energy-related research, production activities, and technology transfer. A national conference in 1989 produced a clear vision of the important role that DOE, its facilities, and its 169,000 Federal and contract employees can play in the educational life of their communities and the Nation. Many of the programs listed in this catalog are the result of this new vision; others have existed for many years. Purpose of this catalog is to make all DOE education efforts more widely known so that more teachers, students, and others can benefit. Supporting the hundreds of education programs (precollege, undergraduate, graduate, public) is the network of DOE national laboratories, technology centers, and other research facilities. Brief descriptions of each facility, its programs, and contact information for its education personnel are included.
Crawford, D S; Xiong, D Z
In March/April 1986, the medical library at McGill University in Montreal, Canada signed a cooperative agreement with the China Medical University (CMU) Library in Shenyang, China. This paper analyzes the operations of the CMU library within the context of the Chinese system of medical education, health care delivery, and medical librarianship. The CMU library is described in terms of collections, cataloging procedures, filing, public services (reference, bibliographic instruction, circulatio...
Pilliod, David S.; Welty, Justin L.
The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey to catalog legacy land treatment information on Bureau of Land Management lands in the western United States. The LTDL can be used by federal managers and scientists for compiling information for data-calls, producing maps, generating reports, and conducting analyses at varying spatial and temporal scales. The LTDL currently houses thousands of treatments from BLM lands across 10 states. Users can browse a map to find information on individual treatments, perform more complex queries to identify a set of treatments, and view graphs of treatment summary statistics.
SPL [Science Photo Library] holds a wide range of pictures on all aspects of science, medicine and technology. The pictures come with detailed captions and are available as high quality transparencies in medium or 35mm format. Digital files can be made available on request. Our website provides low resolution files of the pictures in this catalogue, which you can search and download for layout presentation use once you have registered. High resolution files or reproduction are available on request and can be delivered to you by disk or ISDN. Visit the online catalog: www.sciencephoto.com
The Impact of the Outsourcing of Cataloging Service on University Library’s Elementary Works---Taking Beijing Normal University Library ’s Cataloging Outsourcing Service Pattern as an Example%编目外包对高校图书馆基础工作的影响--以北京师范大学编目外包服务模式为例
吴海燕; 侯旭红; 马伟峦
Taking Beijing Normal University library’s cataloging outsourcing service as an example, this paper expounds the requirements of university library’s cataloging outsourcing service for librarians’ professional level and technical ability from aspects of the development process of cataloging outsourcing,the localization pattern of outsourcing work,the management of cataloging outsourcing, and the quality control of cataloging outsourcing data,etc.,and analyzes the impact of cataloging outsourcing on library’s elementary works.%以北京师范大学图书馆编目外包为例，从编目外包发展历程、外包工作本地化模式、编目外包工作管理、编目外包数据的质量控制等方面，阐述了高校图书馆编目外包工作对图书馆员专业水平和技术能力的要求，分析了编目外包对图书馆基础工作的影响。
Objective – To learn whether a faceted catalogue and word cloud aids in the discovery process. Design – User study.Setting – Large academic research library in the United States.Subjects – Twelve PhD candidates in the humanities, the majority of whom are engaged with researching, proposing, or writing their dissertations.Methods – The library’s entire catalogue of 5.2 million records was loaded into the AquaBrowser OPAC search interface. A pilot study was conducted using three humanities gra...
Brunner, Erich; Ahrens, Christian H.; Mohanty, Sonaly;
Understanding how proteins and their complex interaction networks convert the genomic information into a dynamic living organism is a fundamental challenge in biological sciences. As an important step towards understanding the systems biology of a complex eukaryote, we cataloged 63% of the...... matching approximately 50% of D. melanogaster gene models. This library of proteotypic peptides should enable fast, targeted and quantitative proteomic studies to elucidate the systems biology of this model organism....
Analyzes the implications of electronic book technology (e-books) on academic libraries. Discusses new business models for publishers, including self-publishing, Internet publishing, and partnerships with libraries as publishers; impact on library services, including cataloging, circulation, and digital preservation; user benefits; standards;…
Minami, Toshiro; Kim, Eunja
Our society is rapidly changing to information society, where the needs and requests of the people on information access are different widely from person to person. Library's mission is to provide its users, or patrons, with the most appropriate information. Libraries have to know the profiles of their patrons, in order to achieve such a role. The aim of library marketing is to develop methods based on the library data, such as circulation records, book catalogs, book-usage data, and others. In this paper we discuss the methodology and imporatnce of library marketing at the beginning. Then we demonstrate its usefulness through some examples of analysis methods applied to the circulation records in Kyushu University and Guacheon Library, and some implication that obtained as the results of these methods. Our research is a big beginning towards the future when library marketing is an unavoidable tool.
Candela Romero, Gustavo; Escobar Esteban, María Pilar; Marco Such, Manuel; Pernías Peco, Pedro; Sánchez Díaz, Alexander
Nowadays, the social networks are spreading abroad different application domains. Also, the digital libraries are improving how their users exploit the catalog services with social capabilities. More recently, the Linked Data model defines a novel vision for the near future web applications. Our paper approaches a solution for managing users in a digital library with a semantic fashion.
Full Text Available The DVD Browser is a simple application that lets library patrons browse movie covers, titles, and reviews. It works by screen scraping the the Rasmuson Library catalog for DVD movies and dumps the data into a Drupal MySQL database. This paper describes the process of setting up the DVD Browser.
Discussion of mergers in China between individual colleges and universities and much larger universities that have been a part of China's higher education reform focuses on the influence on academic libraries. Topics include collections; acquisitions; staffing; services; funding; resource sharing; library administration; online cataloging systems;…
Mark Morlino; Ilana Kingsley
The DVD Browser is a simple application that lets library patrons browse movie covers, titles, and reviews. It works by screen scraping the the Rasmuson Library catalog for DVD movies and dumps the data into a Drupal MySQL database. This paper describes the process of setting up the DVD Browser.
Book collection in the library of Gama Atomic Energy Research Centre, National Atomic Energy Agency in December 1974 is grouped according to Universal Decimal Classification. In accordance with the function of the library most of the collections are on physics, mathematics, and engineering. Authors and subjects are alphabetically indexed in the last part of the catalog. (author)
Kautz, Barbara A.; And Others
A bibliographic instruction program at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire designed to teach effective library skills to undergraduate social work students, includes three courses covering: (1) specialized encyclopedias, the online catalog, and journal indexes; (2) government publications; and (3) library research skills. (5 references) (MES)
International selective and annotated bibliography about the major information sources related to the document flow in a digital library. Topics covered are: definitions of digital library, project and architecture of a digital library, library standards, digitization, collection development, bibliographic control, cataloging, classification, Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, metadata, ontology, digital preservation, information access, interface, interoperability, digital re...
The development, capabilities, and products of the computer-based retrieval system of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library are described. The system handles books and documents, produces a book catalog, and provides a machine search capability. Programs and documentation are available to the public through NASA's computer software dissemination program.
Arms, Caroline R.
This paper describes experiences in gathering together metadata from heterogeneous sources for the American Memory project of the Library of Congress, particularly for the collections digitized and cataloged at other institutions. It also reflects on several initiatives to develop rich structured metadata schemes for specific domains and to find…
Maria Violeta Bertolini
Full Text Available The International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD Area 0 was first included in the ISBD Consolidated Edition published in July 2011, as a replacement of the General Material Designation (GMD. This work briefly makes reference to the antecedents of area 0 and to the reasons that lead to its creation. Also, it details its structure, elements and examples of use and analyzes its compatibility with the MARC format, the RDA vocabularies and with FRBR model. Finally, in relation to the creation of this new area and to its application in the diversity of existing bibliographical resources, it reflects on the change of paradigm of cataloguing and the challenges in the teaching of cataloguing of non-book materials.L'area 0 dell'International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD è stata inclusa per la prima volta nell'Edizione consolidata, pubblicata nel luglio 2011, in sostituzione della designazione generica di materiale (GMD. L’articolo ricostruisce gli antecedenti dell'Area 0 e le ragioni che hanno condotto alla sua creazione; ne dettaglia inoltre la struttura, gli elementi ed esempi d'uso e ne analizza la compatibilità con il formato MARC, i vocabolari RDA e il modello FRBR. Infine, in relazione alla creazione di questa nuova area e alla sua applicazione nelle diverse risorse bibliografiche esistenti, l'autrice riflette sul cambio di paradigma della catalogazione e sui cambiamenti in corso nell'insegnamento della catalogazione di materiali non librari.
从宋代版刻中拓展版本研究的途径与方法——读《上海图书馆藏宋本图录》札记%The way and method to expand bibliology from books printed in song dynasty --the reading notes about an illustrated catalog of song block-printed editions in the shanghai library collection
The book named an illustrated catalog of song block-printed editions in the shanghai library collection is the rarely and important illustrated catalog in the meaning of bibliology in lated years, which reflect the new way of bibliology studies. It is also reference book with reprensentative value of bibtiotogy, and nearty coUectes song block-printed editions feature, which means another researching importance.%《上海图书馆藏宋本图录》是近些年来难得一见的带有版本学意义的“图录”，展现了版本研究的新路径与新探索，其学术价值不容忽视。同时，也是一部颇具标本价值的版本工具书，宋刻面貌大致赅备其中，故而此书触发管见而具备另外一重学术意义。
Full Text Available Objective – To learn whether a faceted catalogue and word cloud aids in the discovery process. Design – User study.Setting – Large academic research library in the United States.Subjects – Twelve PhD candidates in the humanities, the majority of whom are engaged with researching, proposing, or writing their dissertations.Methods – The library’s entire catalogue of 5.2 million records was loaded into the AquaBrowser OPAC search interface. A pilot study was conducted using three humanities graduate students employed by the library. Following the pilot, the main study was conducted using graduate students in the humanities. Graduate students in the social sciences were desired for the study, but were not able to be contacted due to time constraints. Once selected, the test subjects were asked to use an interface that offered both facets and tag clouds for enhanced search quality. Test subjects were allowed to choose the topic they would like to research; all chose to research their dissertation topic. A moderator and recorder facilitated research conducted with the faceted catalogue. The moderator ensured that students commented on their findings, cleared up any confusion with using the interface, and kept the students on task. Only when students remarked that a new discovery had been made were those discoveries noted. The impact to the discovery process of faceted navigation and AquaBrowser’s word cloud was studied while the impact of relevance ranking was not.Main Results – The article asserts that results from both the pilot and main study were sufficiently similar to justify combining them for the paper, but the advantage that students employed by thelibrary might have over other students is not discussed. Nine of the twelve students used in the study found new results using the faceted catalogue and word cloud. The responses of the user group to the faceted catalogue and word cloud were “overwhelmingly positive” (555
Cataloging outsourcing is the development trend of library work in colleges and universities, which saves library catalogers time, improves cataloging efficiency and strengthens core services of library, while cataloging outsourcing does not imply perfection and idealization of library cataloging work. Cataloging outsourcing is cooperation between booksellers and libraries, and there will be some unexpected factors in practical cooperation, which impacts the service quality of cataloging outsourcing and hamper its healthy development. Countermeasures were proposed in this article to the issue of the emergence of unexpected factors during cooperation.%编目外包是高校图书馆工作发展的趋势，编目外包节省了图书馆编目人员的时间，提高了编目工作效率和强化了图书馆的核心服务。由于编目外包是书商与图书馆的合作，在实际合作中会出现一些意外的因素，影响着编目外包后的服务质量，阻碍了编目外包事业的健康发展。对合作中出现意外因素的问题，本文提出解决对策。
Dhakne, B. N.; Giri, V. V; Waghmode, S. S.
New technologies library provides several new materials, media and mode of storing and communicating the information. Library Automation reduces the drudgery of repeated manual efforts in library routine. By use of library automation collection, Storage, Administration, Processing, Preservation and communication etc.
Aymonin, David; Borel, Alain; Grolimund, Raphaël; Guignard, Thomas; Iffland, Georges; Walter, Lionel
In 2011, the EPFL Library conducted real-life parallel tests of four major providers of so-called "resource discovery services": Summon, EBSCO Discovery Service, Primo Central Total Care and Worldcat Local. The aim was to replace the Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) currently in use at the EPFL Library and shared with all libraries of the NEBIS network. The Swiss meta-catalog Swissbib and Google Scholar were used as reference. The above products were tested against the following basic req...
Full Text Available Public libraries are used by a wide range of users. Therefore they should offer as many different services as possible. The proper introduction of library services to the users can be monitored by measuring their expectations. The article represents the services, which public libraries should offer to their users, definition of the expectation and which factors influence forming the expectations. 60 users were interviewed in two public libraries. The purpose of research was to find out how expectation differs from public library service offer. The results show that most users expect traditional library services such as free access to books, loaning books, giving information over the phone, reading rooms and inter-library loan; furthermore, most users expect library consultancy and advisory services, access to the Internet, public library website, on-line library catalog and services for the youngest members of the library. Fewer users expect guided tour of the library and information on cultural events in the city. Very few users expect modern services, such as provision of electronic publications, courses or lectures for using the Internet and other electronic sources, special courses, such as how to write a scientific research, and services for leisure and recreation, such as organized trips, and fun activities, such as arranging flowers, painting, sawing, etc.
Matheson, Nina W.
The classic function of health sciences libraries is to build and maintain a knowledge base and to provide timely access to that collective memory for the purpose of learning, teaching, caring for patients, conducting research or managing an organization. The formats and representation of that knowledge base are changing rapidly, as are the methods and techniques for gaining access to information. Medical libraries have long used computers for cataloging and controlling records but are now sh...
Full Text Available Reusing metadata generated through years of cataloging practice is a natural and pragmatic way of leveraging an institution's investment in describing its resources. Using Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH, the Biodiversity Heritage Library generates new interfaces for browsing and navigating books in a digital library. LCSH are grouped into tag clouds and plotted on interactive maps using methods available within the Google Maps Application Programming Interface (API. Code examples are included, and issues related to these interfaces and the underlying LCSH data are examined.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This table lists all of the triggers observed by one or more of the 14 GBM detectors (12 NaI and 2 BGO). Note that there are two Browse catalogs resulting from GBM...
Neymotin, L. [ed.] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Sviridova, V. [ed.] [All-Russian Research Inst. of Automatics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
In 1981 and 1985, two editions of a catalog of non-destructive nuclear measurement instrumentation, and material control and surveillance equipment, were published by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The last edition of the catalog included one hundred and twenty-five entries covering a wide range of devices developed in the US and abroad. More than ten years have elapsed since the publication of the more recent Catalog. Devices described in it have undergone significant modifications, and new devices have been developed. Therefore, in order to assist specialists in the field of Material Control and Accounting (MC and A), a new catalog has been created. Work on this instrumentation catalog started in 1997 as a cooperative effort of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), operated by Brookhaven Science Associates under contract to the US Department of Energy, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), subordinate institute of the Atomic Energy Ministry of the Russian Federation, within the collaborative US-Russia Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program. Most of the equipment included in the Catalog are non-destructive assay (NDA) measurement devices employed for purposes of accounting, confirmation, and verification of nuclear materials. Other devices also included in the Catalog are employed in the detection and deterrence of unauthorized access to or removal of nuclear materials (material control: containment and surveillance). Equipment found in the Catalog comprises either: (1) complete devices or systems that can be used for MC and A applications; or (2) parts or components of complete systems, such as multi-channel analyzers, detectors, neutron generators, and software. All devices are categorized by their status of development--from prototype to serial production.
In 1981 and 1985, two editions of a catalog of non-destructive nuclear measurement instrumentation, and material control and surveillance equipment, were published by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). The last edition of the catalog included one hundred and twenty-five entries covering a wide range of devices developed in the US and abroad. More than ten years have elapsed since the publication of the more recent Catalog. Devices described in it have undergone significant modifications, and new devices have been developed. Therefore, in order to assist specialists in the field of Material Control and Accounting (MC and A), a new catalog has been created. Work on this instrumentation catalog started in 1997 as a cooperative effort of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), operated by Brookhaven Science Associates under contract to the US Department of Energy, and the All-Russian Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA), subordinate institute of the Atomic Energy Ministry of the Russian Federation, within the collaborative US-Russia Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program. Most of the equipment included in the Catalog are non-destructive assay (NDA) measurement devices employed for purposes of accounting, confirmation, and verification of nuclear materials. Other devices also included in the Catalog are employed in the detection and deterrence of unauthorized access to or removal of nuclear materials (material control: containment and surveillance). Equipment found in the Catalog comprises either: (1) complete devices or systems that can be used for MC and A applications; or (2) parts or components of complete systems, such as multi-channel analyzers, detectors, neutron generators, and software. All devices are categorized by their status of development--from prototype to serial production
Ludwig, Mark J.; Wells, Margaret R.
Just as the Internet is likely to be one of the most disruptive overall technologies of a man's lifetime, Google Books may become one of the most disruptive technologies for academic libraries. The immediate challenge is that Google Book's deeper indexing and more advanced relevancy ranking usually works better than that of local catalogs--and it…
Para un catálogo atractivo: libros y políticas editoriales para las bibliotecas populares. La propuesta de Domingo Faustino Sarmiento For an attractive catalog: books and editorial policies for popular libraries. The proposal by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
in which Sarmiento conceives the relationship between readers and the readings in the specific context of a popular library. In the final conclusion, two observations are made: firstly, the selection of readings is not an isolated prescription, but a complex of observations about the presence of books and reading in Latin America, specially in Chile and Argentina. Secondly, the author appeals to the elaboration of a catalog capable to attract the readers. This objective is a priority in his project.
Full Text Available Cataloging, library materials belonging to the identifying information is recorded according to previously defined rules is the process. 20. century development in the library catalog and the catalog of the 21st century will be the basis of the work. Rule began in 1841 with the publication of the first catalog line of development in the second half of the 1990s put a new dimension came into the metadata. Today, the organization of information easily available to everyone, especially the metadata is being used. After that, it is envisaged in the development of the metadata axis. Kataloglama, kütüphane materyallerine ait tanıtıcı bilgilerin önceden belirlenen kurallara göre kaydedilmesi işlemidir. 20. yüzyılda kütüphane kataloglarının ve kataloglamanın gelişimi 21. yüzyıla yönelik çalışmaların temeli olabilecektir. İlk kataloglama kuralının 1841 yayınlanmasıyla başlayan gelişim çizgisi 1990’ların ikinci yarısında ortaya atılan üst veri ile yeni bir boyuta gelmiştir. Günümüzde bilginin düzenlenmesinde özellikle herkesin kolaylıkla kullanabileceği üst veri kullanılmaya başlanmıştır. Bundan sonra da gelişimin üst veri ekseninde olacağı öngörülmektedir.
分析了图书馆编目业务实行社会化管理后存在的问题，从图书馆领导层、书商领导层、图书馆编目员、书商编目员等角度，探讨了如何在实行社会化管理后保证编目数据的质量，以促进编目社会化管理的顺利进行。%ABSTRACT:This paper analyzes the problems existing in university library’s cataloging service after implementing the socialized management, and from the angles of library’s leadership, bookman’s leadership, library’s cataloger, and bookman’s cataloger, etc., probes into how to guarantee the quality of cataloging data after implementing the socialized management.
Does the medical school library in the United States operate more commonly under the university library or the medical school administration? University-connected medical school libraries were asked to indicate (a) the source of their budgets, whether from the central library or the medical school, and (b) the responsibility for their acquisitions and cataloging. Returns received from sixtyeight of the seventy eligible institutions showed decentralization to be much the most common: 71 percent of the libraries are funded by their medical schools; 79 percent are responsible for their own acquisitions and processing. The factor most often associated with centralization of both budget and operation is public ownership. Decentralization is associated with service to one or two rather than three or more professional schools. Location of the medical school in a different city from the university is highly favorable to autonomy. Other factors associated with these trends are discussed. PMID:5945568
Nguyen, Hoa; Paparizos, Stelios; Freire, Juliana; Agrawal, Rakesh
A high-quality, comprehensive product catalog is essential to the success of Product Search engines and shopping sites such as Yahoo! Shopping, Google Product Search or Bing Shopping. But keeping catalogs up-to-date becomes a challenging task, calling for the need of automated techniques. In this paper, we introduce the problem of product synthesis, a key component of catalog creation and maintenance. Given a set of offers advertised by merchants, the goal is to identify new products and add them to the catalog together with their (structured) attributes. A fundamental challenge is the scale of the problem: a Product Search engine receives data from thousands of merchants and millions of products; the product taxonomy contains thousands of categories, where each category comes in a different schema; and merchants use representations for products that are different from the ones used in the catalog of the Product Search engine. We propose a system that provides an end-to-end solution to the product synthesis p...
This article introduces the background and development situations about FRBR/RDA, takes the eXtensible Catalog (XC) as an example to represent the details and strengths of the XC in metadata transformation services. Hope it will provide reference for the development of library linked data in China.%通过对FRBR／RDA相关背景和发展概况的介绍，以eXtensibleCatalog（XC）元数据管理发布平台为例，讲述了XC在传统图书馆元数据转化方面的相关细节和优势，以期为我国图书馆关联数据化的发展提供一些借鉴与参考。
Frederick, Donna E
Managing ebook Metadata in Academic Libraries: Taming the Tiger tackles the topic of ebooks in academic libraries, a trend that has been welcomed by students, faculty, researchers, and library staff. However, at the same time, the reality of acquiring ebooks, making them discoverable, and managing them presents library staff with many new challenges. Traditional methods of cataloging and managing library resources are no longer relevant where the purchasing of ebooks in packages and demand driven acquisitions are the predominant models for acquiring new content. Most academic libraries have a complex metadata environment wherein multiple systems draw upon the same metadata for different purposes. This complexity makes the need for standards-based interoperable metadata more important than ever. In addition to complexity, the nature of the metadata environment itself typically varies slightly from library to library making it difficult to recommend a single set of practices and procedures which would be releva...
無Academic libraries in Ohio have led in cooperative library automation, with the establishment of OCLC in 1967 as one example. Beyond OCLC, which provides online shared cataloging, interlibrary loan and the world's largest bibliographic database, many have developed or acquired local systems to meet the needs of individual libraries. A 1986 study by the state Board of Regents recommended development of an Ohio Libraries Information System (OLIS) which would permit students and faculty at any ...
The dream of capturing and organizing knowledge is as old as history. From the archives of ancient Sumeria and the Library of Alexandria to the Library of Congress and Wikipedia, humanity has wrestled with the problem of harnessing its intellectual output. The timeless quest for wisdom has been as much about information storage and retrieval as creative genius. In Cataloging the World, Alex Wright introduces us to a figure who stands out in the long line of thinkers and idealists who devoted themselves to the task. Beginning in the late nineteenth century, Paul Otlet, a librarian by training, worked at expanding the potential of the catalog card, the world's first information chip. From there followed universal libraries and museums, connecting his native Belgium to the world by means of a vast intellectual enterprise that attempted to organize and code everything ever published. Forty years before the first personal computer and fifty years before the first browser, Otlet envisioned a network of "electric t...
Haynes, Elizabeth; Zwierski, Michele
Provides more than 100 examples that together encompass virtually all types of materials libraries collect and catalog, with MARC ""answer"" records Offers exercises that allow practice in AACR2r and RDA, description, subject classification, subject heading application, classification, subject analysis, and MARC 21 Covers both RDA and AACR2r answer records for selected exercises Includes non-English materials Links to a website that provides for multiple approaches and answer records and enables you to view all the graphics in color and enlarge them as needed Links instruction to a
The catalogs of 19 large urban public lending library systems (10 American and 9 Canadian) were examined to determine the extent of their holdings of 222 gay-related titles. The populations of the libraries' service areas ranged from about 100,000 to three million. The title lists comprised classic and contemporary works taken from standard lists…
Finch, Charlie T.; Zacharias, Norbert
The first USNO Robotic Astrometric Telescope catalog (URAT1) was released in April 2015. For determining parallaxes we did go beyond that and utilize all Northern Hemisphere URAT observations. These data include all individual exposures from April 2012 to June 2015 giving a larger epoch baseline for determining parallaxes over the 2-year span of URAT1 published data. The URAT Parallax Catalog (UPC) is a supplement to 'Parallax Results From URAT Epoch Data' (Finch and Zacahrias 2016) where we explain the procedures and focus on stars with a parallax of 40 mas or larger. Here we release all significant parallaxes from the URAT northern epoch data.The UPC contains 112177 parallaxes covering the magnitude range 6.56 to 16.93 in the URAT band-pass north of -12.752 deg declination. The over 40 million formal URAT parallax solutions have been compared to entries in the Hipparcos Catalog, The Yale Parallax Catalog, (Finch and Zacharias 2016), MEarth parallaxes and SIMBAD database, respectively to obtain prior published parallaxes and star name information. We release the 58,677 URAT parallaxes which have a match to either of those catalogs without implementing any extra cuts. For the stars with no prior published parallax we implement a set of stringent cuts to reduce possible erroneous parallaxes resulting in over 53,000 new trigonometric parallaxes from URAT data alone with a high level of confidence. The average parallax precision is 10.8 mas and 4.3 mas for stars having a known parallax and stars without a prior known parallax respectively.
Full Text Available This paper presents a viewpoint about cataloging Remotely Accessed Electronic Resources , Starting with revealing a professional personal experience , then it deals briefly with the field scene discussing some of its solutions , suggestions , and sub-issues of the main issue . The paper critically treats AACR2 and its adaptation for cataloging those resources , especially 2002 Revision . Ending with presenting a new vision about the adaptations needed to solve the issue , exploring types of adaptations and its areas , it proposes a dichotomy for the code . Finally it presents a preliminary frame to implement such a vision .
Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh locations including address, coordinates, phone number, square footage, and standard operating hours.
Stassun, Keivan G.; Pepper, Joshua A.; Paegert, Martin; Lee, Nathan; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto
We introduce a catalog of stellar properties for stars observed by the Kepler follow-on mission, K2. We base the catalog on a cross-match between the K2 Campaign target lists and the current working version of the NASA TESS target catalog. The resulting K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog includes value-added information from the TESS Target Catalog, including stellar colors, proper motions, and an estimated luminosity class (dwarf/subgiant versus giant) for each star based on a reduced-proper...
Henderson, Dale L.; Muller, George; Mercier, Theresa M.; Brigantic, Robert T.; Perkins, Casey J.; Cooley, Scott K.
This catalog is intended to be a comprehensive listing of repair parts, components, kits, and consumable items used on the equipment deployed at SLD sites worldwide. The catalog covers detection, CAS, network, ancillary equipment, and tools. The catalog is backed by a Master Parts Database which is used to generate the standard report views of the catalog. The master parts database is a relational database containing a record for every part in the master parts catalog along with supporting tables for normalizing fields in the records. The database also includes supporting queries, database maintenance forms, and reports.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Library Catalog may include: Data Management Plans, Cruise Plans, Cruise Summary Reports, Scientific "Quick Look Reports", Video Annotation Logs, Image Collections,...
Full Text Available The Wayne State Library System launched its library mapping application in February 2010, designed to help locate materials in the five WSU libraries. The system works within the catalog to show the location of materials, as well as provides a web form for use at the reference desk. Developed using PHP and MySQL, it requires only minimal effort to update using a unique call number overlay mechanism. In addition to mapping shelved materials, the system provides information for any of the over three hundred collections held by the WSU Libraries. Patrons can do more than just locate a book on a shelf: they can learn where to locate reserve items, how to access closed collections, or get driving maps to extension center libraries. The article includes a discussion of the technology reviewed and chosen during development, an overview of the system architecture, and lessons learned during development.
This paper is about the issue of advocacy. Standing at the vanguard of literacy, library media specialists have a unique role. However, it is time for media specialists to advocate their services in a proactive way. If library media specialists cannot, both individually and collectively, put advocacy at the forefront, then students will suffer the…
A seminar paper about a survey of role-playing games in public libraries combined with three cases and a presentation of a model.......A seminar paper about a survey of role-playing games in public libraries combined with three cases and a presentation of a model....
Full Text Available This contribution will focus on the aims of the Rare Books’ Section of the Vatican Library. Taking as a start the analytical cataloging of incunabula, the Section will deal with similar cataloging of the books printed in the 16th century and later. Analytical cataloging requires deep skill in reading and interpreting the features which bear witness to the book’s journey through history: handwritten notes, coats of arms, owners’ identification, printers’ marks, bindings, etc.In recent years, the Section also takes part in the rare books’ digitization project known as “Project Polonsky”. Thanks to digitization, scholars from all over the world will be able to see the rare incunabula preserved in the Vatican Library.
Modern academic libraries have a great number of information resources available online in the form of electronic catalogs, books, journals, and subject subscription databases. To determine whether users can easily retrieve the information they are seeking, academic librarians conduct usability testing of their libraries' Web sites. There has been…
Sharpe, Paul A.
More than a project, The Big Shift is an epic library tale for the ages. What starts as a simple collection shift grows into a major space-planning project, a lesson in catalog maintenance, and thanks to Hurricane Ike, a disaster recovery effort. The Big Shift tells the story of how the University of Houston Libraries handled the numerous…
Haka, Clifford H.; Stevens, Nancy
The increased demand for library materials resulting from improved bibliographic access due to automation, and auditors' demands for more accurate accounting of library assets/holdings, have made it increasingly important that the discrepancy between the catalog and the materials in the stacks be reduced. This paper identifies many of the benefits…
O'English, Lorena; Matthews, J. Gregory; Lindsay, Elizabeth Blakesley
This article addresses graphic novels and their growing popularity in academic libraries. Graphic novels are increasingly used as instructional resources, and they play an important role in supporting the recreational reading mission of academic libraries. The article will also tackle issues related to the cataloging and classification of graphic…
Moody, Marilyn K.; And Others
Presents seven articles that discuss reference librarians and technical services librarians; evaluating online public access catalogs; bibliographic instruction and CD-ROMs; interactive multimedia and electronic media in academic libraries; open versus closed stacks for academic library periodical collections; policies and procedures manuals as…
Gurreri, Lorenzo A.
Presents Lorenzo Gurreri's narrative of his long and distinguished library career, which began in 1962 when he took an MSLS degree from Syracuse University. The ensuing years found him in cataloging and reference positions while the library profession began to feel the effects of the new Information Age. (VWC)