Sample records for california school district

  1. California Political Districts

    California Department of Resources — This is a series of district layers pertaining to California'spolitical districts, that are derived from the California State Senateand State Assembly information....

  2. Administration of Maintenance and Operations in California School Districts: A Handbook for School Administrators and Governing Boards.

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This handbook provides information that administrators of maintenance and operations in California schools can use in systematically planning and scheduling school facility support services. The first unit, chapter 1, is designed to help members of school district governing boards establish board policies, regulations, and procedures. Topics…

  3. Implementation of a district-initiated inquiry process in a Southern California School District

    Escobedo, Jose Francisco


    The purpose of this study was to explore how a district- initiated inquiry process affected principal and staff behaviors, while being incorporated into school practices. This study contributed to the limited literature about the use of the inquiry process as a reform strategy within the context of a district-initiated inquiry process. Research suggests that an inquiry process is the construct for quality decision-making practices that lead schools toward sustainable change (Reeves, 2006, Cop...

  4. Added Bonus? The Relationship between California School Districts' Specialized Teacher Staffing Needs and the Use of Economic Incentive Policies

    Strunk, Katharine O.; Zeehandelaar, Dara B.


    In this paper, we explore the use and efficacy of fiscal incentive policies in California school districts. We ask whether districts with high need for teachers with English as a second language (ESL) or special education credentials are more likely to implement incentives targeting these teachers. We find mixed evidence that districts align their…

  5. Differentiated Compensation: How California School Districts Use Economic Incentives to Target Teachers

    Strunk, Katharine O.; Zeehandelaar, Dara


    Many districts and schools have trouble recruiting and retaining teachers who have the necessary credentials and skills to meet the needs of their students. This trend is particularly severe in low-income, "high-needs" schools and districts. As such, districts and schools are implementing policies that are intended to reform compensation in order…

  6. District Allocation of Human Resources Utilizing the Evidence Based Model: A Study of One High Achieving School District in Southern California

    Lane, Amber Marie


    This study applies the Gap Analysis Framework to understand the gaps that exist in human resource allocation of one Southern California school district. Once identified, gaps are closed with the reallocation of human resources, according to the Evidenced Based Model, requiring the re-purposing of core classroom teachers, specialists, special…

  7. Policy Poison or Promise: Exploring the Dual Nature of California School District Collective Bargaining Agreements

    Strunk, Katharine O.


    Purpose: This study examines policies set in the collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) negotiated between teachers' unions and school boards and explores what kinds of districts have contract provisions that restrict district administrators, enhance administrative flexibility, and/or improve teachers' professional work lives and that have…

  8. Exploring the Reliability and Validity of Pilot Teacher Ratings in a Large California School District

    Makkonen, Reino


    Many states and school districts have recently instituted revamped teacher evaluation policies in response to incentives from the federal government as well as a changing political climate favoring holding teachers accountable for the performance of their students. Many of these overhauls have mandated the incorporation of multiple performance indicators -- often including rubric-based classroom observation scores, estimated contributions to student test score outcomes, and surveys of student...

  9. Solar For Schools: A Case Study in Identifying and Implementing Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Projects in Three California School Districts: Preprint

    Kandt, A.


    The Department of Energy's (DOE) Solar America Showcase program seeks to accelerate demand for solar technologies among key end use market sectors. As part of this activity the DOE provides Technical Assistance through its national laboratories to large-scale, high-visibility solar installation projects. The Solar Schools Assessment and Implementation Project (SSAIP) in the San Francisco Bay area was selected for a 2009 DOE Solar American Showcase award. SSAIP was formed through the efforts of the nonprofit Sequoia Foundation and includes three school districts: Berkeley, West Contra Costa, and Oakland Unified School Districts. This paper summarizes the technical assistance efforts that resulted from this technical assistance support. It serves as a case study and reference document detailing the steps and processes that could be used to successfully identify, fund, and implement solar PV projects in school districts across the country.

  10. A Case Study of a Southern California Elementary School District's Comprehensive School Safety Plan: Experiences and Perceptions of School Leaders and Teachers

    Favila, Marisela


    For children to be successful, schools must provide a safe and secure environment in which teachers can teach and students can learn (Skiba & Sprague, 2008). In California, state regulations require that schools maintain an appropriate school climate on campus, in classrooms, and at school sponsored events (California Education Code 35294).…

  11. More Freedom to Spend Less Money: What Happened when California School Districts Gained Spending Flexibility and Budgets Were Cut. Research Brief

    Li, Jennifer


    In 2009-2010, California made substantial education budget cuts at the same time that it removed its spending requirements from $4.5 billion of state money. This gave districts the flexibility to use the funds in any manner approved by the local school board. Researchers found that most of the formerly earmarked money was moved into general funds…

  12. A Study of the Job Satisfaction of Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) Directors and Local School District Special Education Directors in Four Counties of Southern California

    Alexander, Gregory Haynes, III


    Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the perceived level of job satisfaction of SELPA directors with that of local school district special education directors in the counties of Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Orange of Southern California and to identify factors that contribute to their job satisfaction. Additionally, this…

  13. Licensing and Certification District Offices, California

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data contains a list of California Licensing and Certification District Offices. The California Department of Public Health, Center for Health Care Quality,...

  14. Funding California Schools: The Revenue Limit System

    Weston, Margaret


    Tax revenue flows to California's nearly 1,000 school districts through many different channels. According to the Governor's Committee on Education Excellence (2007), this system is so complex that the state cannot determine how revenues are distributed among school districts, and after reviewing a large number of academic studies in the Getting…

  15. NM School District Boundaries

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The dataset represents the boundaries of all public school districts in the state of New Mexico. The source for the data layer is the New Mexico Public Education...

  16. School District Budgeting.

    Hartman, William T.

    This book is devoted exclusively to the budgeting process in school districts, unlike the more common generic budgeting texts. As such, it allows an in-depth treatment of both conceptual and practical aspects of budgeting in a single volume. By default, school business officials have had to rely on the state education accounting manual as their…

  17. Pathways for School Finance in California. Technical Appendix

    Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret


    This is a technical appendix for the report, "Pathways for School Finance in California" (ED515651). "Pathways for School Finance in California" simulates alternatives to California's current school finance system. This appendix provides more information about the revenues used in those simulations. The first section describes the districts and…

  18. Near Death Experience: Treating a Financially Ill School District.

    Miller, Norman


    After Proposition 13 passed in California, a series of 19 major bills imposed fiscal limits on the K-12 school system. One action is assigning a fiscal advisor to assume control in a district in financial distress. Lists the symptoms of a financially ill school district and highlights 24 items of a recovery plan. (MLF)

  19. Unified School Districts, Census 2000

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The New Mexico 2000 Unified School Districts layer was derived from the TIGER Line files from the US Census Bureau. The districts are clipped to the state...

  20. California School Accounting Manual, 1988 Edition.

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This report presents the procedure for the accounting methods employed by California school districts for income and expenditures in instructional and support programs. The report has seven parts: (1) an introduction to accounting in local educational agencies; (2) general and subsidiary ledger accounting; (3) revenues and other financing sources;…

  1. Internal Auditing for School Districts.

    Cuzzetto, Charles

    This book provides guidelines for conducting internal audits of school districts. The first five chapters provide an overview of internal auditing and describe techniques that can be used to improve or implement internal audits in school districts. They offer information on the definition and benefits of internal auditing, the role of internal…

  2. Reallocating Human Resources to Maximize Student Achievement: A Critical Case Study of a Southern California School District

    Glazener, Adrianna Kathleen


    This study applied the Evidence-Based Model (Odden & Picus, 2008) as a framework for determining how district leadership could potentially reallocate human resources to maximize the opportunity for student achievement, relying heavily on the ten strategies for doubling student performance (Odden, 2009; Odden & Archibald, 2009) and the…

  3. Marketing Techniques for School Districts.

    Lane, John J., Ed.

    Development of marketing plans can assist not only public school districts in meeting recent competition but will also improve educational processes, increase revenue, and restore confidence in schools. This collection of articles describes a new role for school administrators--particulary for business managers: administrators as "entrepreneurs."…

  4. An Examination into the Factors Leading to Superintendent Longevity in Urban, Southern California School Districts: A Comparative Case Study

    Remland, Michael D.


    Within a modern context, superintendents walk a fine line in today's reform minded, accountability centered, sociopolitical setting. To many, the position of public school superintendent is perceived as a job where failure is inevitable. The purpose of this comparative case study was to understand the factors that contribute to superintendent…

  5. Handbook for California School District Advisory Committees. Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Title I (Public Law 89-10).

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Community Services and Migrant Education.

    A two-part guide to facilitate the work of citizens' advisory committees for ESEA Title I programs presents procedures for both members of advisory committees and members of school district staffs. Procedures for advisory committee members cover selection of members and officers, responsibilities of the committee, relationship to the board of…

  6. Accounting Systems for School Districts.

    Atwood, E. Barrett, Jr.


    Advises careful analysis and improvement of existing school district accounting systems prior to investment in new ones. Emphasizes the importance of attracting and maintaining quality financial staffs, developing an accounting policies and procedures manual, and designing a good core accounting system before purchasing computer hardware and…

  7. Resource Cards on California Schools

    EdSource, 2007


    This convenient spiral-bound volume contains the latest data on school finance as well as information on students, teachers, and California's accountability system. The 37-card 2007 edition provides fingertip access to the latest information about California's education system. They are separated into sections that cover related topics. Each…

  8. What's Involved in Collaborative R & D with a School District.

    Humes, Ann

    This paper, as an illustration of the procedures involved in a cooperative effort, describes a project in which the Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) designed and developed a minimum standards test in collaboration with a large urban school district in California. The activity described focuses on the writing sample included in the test. The…

  9. School Districts Can Stretch the School Dollar

    Petrilli, Michael J.


    Many districts continue to face budget challenges of historic proportions. Decisions made in the coming months will carry significant repercussions for years to come. The path of least resistance is to slash budgets in ways that erode schooling. In this scenario, important reforms are left behind, overall services are diminished, innovations are…

  10. Healthy Schools Act spurs integrated pest management in California public schools

    Geiger, Chris A.; Tootelian, Dennis H.


    The Healthy Schools Act of 2000 established right-to-know procedures for pesticide use in California public schools, and mandated using least-toxic pest management methods as state policy. In a survey conducted 2 years after the law’s passage, school districts that had integrated pest management (IPM) programs generally used more ecologically sound pest management tactics than districts that did not, and most of those said that IPM had improved their pest management effectiveness. The Healthy...

  11. Santa Barbara School District Gang Intervention Specialist Evaluation Report

    Rios, Victor M. Ph.D.; Lopez-Aguado, Patrick; Galicia, Mario; Lopez-Tello, Gisselle; Flores, Jerry; Sarabia, Rachel


    In 2009 the Santa Barbara School District launched an intervention program for some of the students identified by school personnel as possibly involved in gangs. In this pilot year the program was evaluated by a research team led by Dr. Victor Rios, from the University of California, Santa Barbara, to document the program’s implementation, analyze program efficacy, and determine student needs. This evaluation included qualitative pre test surveys completed by 59 students and qualitative post ...

  12. The Relationship between Student Achievement, School District Economies of Scale, School District Size, and Student Socioeconomic Status

    Trani, Randy


    The relationships between student achievement, school district economies of scale, school district size and student socioeconomic status were measured for 131 school districts in the state of Oregon. Data for school districts ranging in size from districts with around 300 students to districts with more than 40,000 students were collected for…

  13. School Districts, washoe county school district, Published in 2006, Washoe County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2006. It is described as 'washoe county school district'....

  14. One Approach to Increasing Revenues for Your School District. (A Small School District's Successful Struggle).

    Dombrowski, Richard J.

    In 1983, Channahon School District 17 in Illinois was $1.3 million in debt. Real estate taxes constituted the school district's chief source of revenue, but because the state's oil industry kept its assessed valuations below the actual value of its property through the use of experts and lawyers, the school district was denied much of its income.…

  15. School Finance Reform: Can It Support California's College- and Career-Ready Goal? Report 2

    Perry, Mary


    For decades, when California's state leaders have wanted to see local school districts respond to shifts in policy and expectations they relied on the state-controlled school finance system to leverage local change. Through the use of categorical programs and earmarked funding, they created incentives for districts that complied and penalties for…

  16. Grantmaking to School Districts: Lessons for Foundations

    Coffman, Julia; Weiss, Heather; Harris, Erin; Little, Priscilla M. D.


    This brief offers lessons and best practices from foundations across the country on grantmaking to school districts. It offers advice to foundations that are considering school district investments for the first time. It also offers a useful "check" to more experienced foundations that want to examine their thinking and approaches against the…

  17. 5 Steps to a Greener School District

    Hines, Gary


    Sometimes all it takes is a little fate to accomplish something great, or in this case, something green. The Broward County Public School (BCPS) District shows how a natural disaster (Hurricane Wilma) inspired a green revolution. This article presents the five steps that the Broward County School District followed in implementing an Environmental…

  18. Characteristics of Improved School Districts. Research Brief

    Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement, 2006


    This research brief presents an overview of a 2004 study by G.S. Shannon and P. Bylsma entitled "Characteristics of Improved School Districts: Themes from Research" (Olympia, WA: Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction). The authors reviewed more than 80 research articles that investigated the attributes of schools and districts that have…

  19. Does School District Consolidation Cut Costs?

    Duncombe, William; Yinger, John


    Consolidation has dramatically reduced the number of school districts in the United States. Using data from rural school districts in New York, this article provides the first direct estimation of consolidation's cost impacts. We find economies of size in operating spending: all else equal, doubling enrollment cuts operating costs per pupil by…

  20. A Guide to School District Reorganization.

    Warner, Allan K.

    School district reorganization is a process that requires considerable planning. This guide provides information on school district reorganization in the state of Nebraska, to interested boards of education and county and citizen reorganization committees. Topics discussed include planning for reorganization, establishing citizen committees, using…

  1. Comparative Effectiveness of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Fuse: Algebra 1--A Report of Randomized Experiments in Four California Districts

    Toby, Megan; Ma, Boya; Lai, Garrett; Lin, Li; Jaciw, Andrew


    In spring 2010, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) began planning a pilot of an application for the Apple iPad, "HMH Fuse: Algebra 1," which was then in development. The application was to be piloted in four California school districts during the 2010-2011 school year. HMH contracted with Empirical Education Inc. to conduct a one-year randomized…

  2. Comparative Effectiveness of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Fuse: Algebra 1--A Report of Randomized Experiments in Four California Districts. Research Summary

    Empirical Education Inc., 2012


    In spring 2010, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH) began planning a pilot of an application for the Apple iPad, "HMH Fuse: Algebra 1," which was then in development. The application was to be piloted in four California school districts during the 2010-2011 school year. HMH contracted with Empirical Education Inc. to conduct a one-year randomized…

  3. Characteristics of Illinois School Districts That Employ School Nurses.

    Searing, Lisabeth M; Guenette, Molly


    Research indicates that school nursing services are cost-effective, but the National Association of School Nurses estimates that 25% of schools do not have a school nurse (SN). The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of Illinois school districts that employed SNs. This was a secondary data analysis of Illinois School Report Card system data as well as data obtained from district websites regarding SNs. Employment of an SN was determined for 95% of the 862 existing districts. Binary logistic regression analysis found that district size was the largest significant predictor of employment of an SN. Other factors included the type of district and diversity of the teaching staff as well as the percentage of students receiving special education services or with limited English proficiency. These findings indicate where to focus advocacy and policy efforts to encourage employment of SNs. PMID:26446878

  4. School Districts, school, Published in 2003, Daggett County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2003. It is described as 'school'. Data by this publisher are often provided...

  5. School Districts, Published in unknown, Douglas County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, was produced all or in part from Other information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in Other (please list)...

  6. A K-12 Articulation Model for the Orange Unified School District.

    Joseph, Louie S.

    This Maxi II practicum documents the development of a model articulation process and the implementation of that process in the Orange (California) Unified School District. The model was intended to improve the continuity of student progression through the grades from elementary to junior high to senior high school. Primary concerns of the…

  7. State Policy Snapshot: School District Facilities and Public Charter Schools

    Simnick, Russ


    One of the greatest challenges to the health of the public charter school movement is access to adequate facilities in which the schools operate. Public charter school facilities are rarely funded on par with school district facilities. Over the years, more states have come to realize that they have an obligation to ensure that all public school…

  8. School Health Services for Children With Special Health Care Needs in California.

    Baker, Dian L; Hebbeler, Kathleen; Davis-Alldritt, Linda; Anderson, Lori S; Knauer, Heather


    Children with special health care needs (CSHCN) are at risk for school failure when their health needs are not met. Current studies have identified a strong connection between school success and health. This study attempted to determine (a) how schools meet the direct service health needs of children and (b) who provides those services. The study used the following two methods: (a) analysis of administrative data from the California Basic Educational Data System and (b) a cross-sectional online survey of 446 practicing California school nurses. Only 43% of California's school districts employ school nurses. Unlicensed school personnel with a variety of unregulated training provide school health services. There is a lack of identification of CSHCN, and communication barriers impair the ability to deliver care. Study results indicate that California invests minimally in school health services. PMID:25854694

  9. 76 FR 33342 - Final Supplementary Rules for Public Lands Managed by the California Desert District


    ... Interim Final Supplementary Rules for Public Lands Managed by the California Desert District (75 FR 36438... nudity has been revised in response to public comments, and the definition of ``Special Recreation Permit... California Desert District is available at field offices as well as the district office. Public Nudity...

  10. School Attendance and the District Budget

    Joubert-Guillory, Julie


    House Bill 1 became a major piece of legislation in Texas a few years ago. It was designed primarily to address public school finance, property tax relief, public school accountability, and education-related matters. This piece of legislation has forced districts to manage their finances very differently, undergo budget reductions, and continue…

  11. Funding Formulas for California Schools IV: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula, May Budget Revision

    Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret


    In his 2012-13 budget, Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. In May the governor revised his proposal. Using the Public Policy Institute of California (PPIC) School Finance Model (available at, in this update the authors show how these proposals…

  12. Availability of Drinking Water in California Public Schools. Testimony Presented before the California State Assembly Subcommittee on Education on April 2, 2008

    Schuster, Mark A.


    A senior researcher and hospital Chief of General Pediatrics, testifies about his work with a California school district to prevent obesity by developing a middle school program to promote healthy eating and physical activity. A two-year study has found that students have limited access to drinking water, especially at meals. In the schools being…

  13. Preschool Guidelines: Rural Model (Trimble Local School District).

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Educational Services.

    The purpose of this handbook is to guide rural school districts intending to establish a preschool program. The program described was established in the Trimble Local School District in the rural Appalachian area of northern Athens County, the third poorest district in Ohio. Contents concern: (1) the district's beliefs about children; (2)…

  14. School District Employment Reductions Slow. Get the Facts. #1

    Tallman, Mark


    Kansas school districts reduced employment by 327 full-time equivalent positions this school year, the smallest reduction in three years of cuts to district operating budgets. Districts reduced positions by 561 in FY 2010 and 1,626 in FY 2011. Districts eliminated nearly 400 "regular" teaching positions this year, but added 114 special education…

  15. Funding Formulas for California Schools III: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula

    Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret


    In his 2012-13 budget Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. By all accounts the current system is complex and opaque. In contrast, the proposed system--a weighted pupil funding formula--is simple and transparent. Using the PPIC School Finance Model, we compare how this formula would…

  16. How State Takeover School Districts Shake Up Teacher Professional Development

    Pennington, Kaitlin


    Over the past few decades, many state departments of education have taken over low-performing schools or districts as a school turnaround strategy. Recently, that strategy has shifted to creating new districts--managed by the state--that include schools and parts of districts that face challenges in performance. The governance structure brings…

  17. Court Cases Involving Contracts for School Districts

    Allen, L. Hank


    The purpose of this research was to analyze trends in the United States regarding contract disputes that exist in school districts. Court cases were identified at the state and federal level to determine the outcomes and the fact patterns of contract disputes. To gain the knowledge of how courts handle cases of contractual breach, contracts…

  18. 76 FR 47094 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan; South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the California... following local rule: South Coast Air Quality Management District Rule 1175, Control of Emissions from the... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan; South Coast Air...

  19. School Districts, Census 2000 School District boundaries. Elementary, Secondary and Unified School District boundaries are available individually. Partial updates have been performed in 2003, 2005 and 2007 by the Arizona State Land Department., Published in 2007, Arizona State Land Department.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset as of 2007. It is described as 'Census 2000 School District boundaries. Elementary, Secondary and Unified School District boundaries...

  20. California School Accounting Manual. 1984 Edition.

    Lundin, Janet, Ed.

    California's official school accounting procedures, amended in 1984 to clarify definitions and improve program cost accounting, are presented. Following an introduction that discusses general characteristics of school accounting, the manual explains the following areas of accounting practice: (1) financial reporting; (2) income; (3) expenditures;…

  1. Inventory Control of Fixed Assets by School District Personnel.

    Jensen, Paul E.

    By July 1, 1966, each school district in New York State was required to install a system of property accounting. This pamphlet provides a suggested method of property accounting to assist school districts in meeting this requirement. In addition, suggestions are made to help the districts record the information needed for fire insurance purposes.…

  2. Santa Monica Children's Centers, Santa Monica, California: Low-Cost Day Care Facilities for Children of Working Mothers Made Available Through the Cooperation of the California State Government and Local School District. Model Programs--Childhood Education.

    American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Palo Alto, CA.

    Two of the four Santa Monica Children's Centers are nursery schools for children aged 3 to 5; the other two centers serve as extended care facilities for children of school age. All centers are concerned with meeting the physical, intellectual, and emotional needs of children on a long-term basis and stress a program offering a variety of play…

  3. Did School Finance Equalization Increase Revenue Instability for School Districts?

    Balu, Rekha


    This study uses an Interrupted Time Series analysis with a non-equivalent comparison group to estimate the causal effect of school finance equalization on district revenue instability. The author applies a microeconomic framework to an understudied problem in education finance and policy. In so doing, she illustrates how policies can sometimes…

  4. School Business Leadership: The Small School District Perspective

    Schaefbauer, Christi J.


    Effective leadership is on everyone's mind this presidential election year as the country's citizens look for a strong candidate to guide them through the next four years. Effective leadership is just as critical in the nation's school districts where people prepare their young people to be the global citizens of tomorrow. In most school…

  5. School District Income Taxes and School Inputs: The Case of Ohio

    Nguyen-Hoang, Phuong


    This study is the first to explore the relationship between school district income taxes and school inputs (expenditures and student-teacher ratios) using Ohio as a case study. The study employed reduced-form expenditure functions on a data panel of 609 school districts between 1990 and 2010. Treating for the endogeneity of school district income…

  6. Making Good Choices: Districts Take the Lead. Comprehensive School Reform.

    North Central Regional Educational Lab., Oak Brook, IL.

    Public schools across the country are aiming to improve student performance by engaging in comprehensive school reform (CSR). This guide was created to help school districts make CSR an integral part of their strategies for improving student achievement. Five components for CSR are described: (1) Strategizing, whereby the district supports CSR by…

  7. A Study of Terrorism Emergency Preparedness Policies in School Districts

    Umoh, Emmanuel


    The threat of terrorism is a concern in public facilities including schools. This study focused on school districts in a southwestern state. Terrorism emergency preparedness policies are well-documented as measures to protect students and staff in school districts from terrorism threats and vulnerabilities. However, those threats and…

  8. The Exit Poll: An Environmental Scanning Technique for School Districts.

    House, Jess E.


    Exit polling of school district election returns is a form of environmental scanning that can provide information needed for strategic planning and be used to increase the effectiveness of school election campaigns. This technique is recommended for all school districts dependent on voter approval to meet revenue needs. (11 references) (MLH)

  9. Budget Stability, Revenue Volatility, and District Relations: Determinants of Georgia ELOST Distribution to Municipal School Districts

    Reinagel, Tyler P.


    School districts across the United States are often forced into situations where limited public funds must be distributed among multiple districts. These are often reliant on distribution rates negotiated by district leadership and elected officials. An example of this is Georgia's 1% Education Local Option Sales Tax (ELOST). The tax is collected…

  10. 75 FR 43038 - Kiwifruit Grown in California; Changes to District Boundaries


    ... the order's rules and regulations in 1995 (60 FR 7432; February 8, 1995) to specify updated district..., 2010 (75 FR 37288; June 29, 2010). The amendment to Sec. 920.12 provides that the California...

  11. Walk Through the Fire: Practicing Adaptive Leadership to Build a Systemic Approach to Family Engagement in a Large Urban School District

    Rowland, Allison


    Although correlated with student achievement, strong family and community engagement is often at the margins, separate from the central work of school districts. This has previously been true in San Diego Unified School District (SDUSD), a district of over 131,000 students, the second largest in California.  However, Superintendent Cindy Marten endeavors to directly address inequities in the system, and therefore aims to establish the conditions for each and every family to be empowered to s...

  12. Low Income Student Transiency and Its Effects on Schools and School Districts in Upstate New York.

    Schafft, Kai A.

    Patterns of low-income student mobility were examined in rural upstate New York, along with impacts on and responses by communities and schools. Analyses of state-level school district data were combined with surveys and interviews with school district administrators. The study focused on 136 persistently poor districts (consistently in the bottom…

  13. 76 FR 78871 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of...

  14. 75 FR 25798 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Yolo Solano Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Yolo Solano Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District (YSAQMD) portion of...

  15. 75 FR 32353 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the...

  16. 76 FR 29182 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District (MDAQMD) portion of...

  17. 77 FR 32483 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve a revision to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the...

  18. 75 FR 46880 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of...

  19. 76 FR 41744 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of...

  20. 77 FR 74372 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... action, EPA is finalizing approval of South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) Rule 317... proposed to approve the following rule into the California SIP, in the Federal Register at 77 FR 1895... the Act, the ``principles'' behind that language, or South Coast Air Quality Management District...

  1. Analyzing and Reporting School District Standardized Test Results.

    Echternacht, Gary

    This paper outlines a methodology that school districts can use to enhance the presentation of district-wide testing program results to administrators, school boards, teachers, and the public. Based on John Tukey's two way analysis methodology, it involves fitting this model: test score equals overall plus year plus grade plus cohort plus…

  2. Potential Synergy: Rural School Districts and International Student Programs

    Casto, Hope G.; Steinhauer, Alexandra; Pollock, Pamela M.


    Many rural school districts face declining enrollments. A few districts have taken the unusual path of recruiting international students in order to boost their enrollments. This study examines a community using this strategy and the resulting financial, academic, and social situations for the school, community, and students, both local and…

  3. The Business of Education: Organizational Capacity in School Districts

    Alsip, Cynthia L.


    School districts are similar to nonprofit organizations in that they both deal in social outcomes and can be perceived as being ineffectively managed because social outcomes are exceptionally difficult to measure. Therefore, final organizational outcomes for nonprofits and school districts are difficult to report upon because current statistical…

  4. School Districts, school districts, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Box Elder County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'school...

  5. An Analysis of Cyberbullying Policies In virginia Public School Districts

    Poole, G. Wesley


    Wes Poole Abstract The study examines the acceptable computer system use policies of each of the public school districts in the Commonwealth of Virginia, as well as the Virginia School Boards Association and the National School Boards Association policies as they relate to cyberbullying. Public middle school and public secondary school administrators across the Commonwealth were surveyed to determine to what extent cyberbullying is an issue in their schools, and to d...

  6. Intestinal parasitosis in school children of Lalitpur district of Nepal

    Tandukar, Sarmila; Ansari, Shamshul; Adhikari, Nabaraj; Shrestha, Anisha; Gautam, Jyotshana; Sharma, Binita; Rajbhandari, Deepak; Gautam, Shikshya; Nepal, Hari Prasad; Sherchand, Jeevan B.


    Background Enteric parasites are the most common cause of parasitic diseases and cause significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries like Nepal. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of intestinal parasitic infections among school going children of Lalitpur district of Nepal. Methods A total of 1392 stool samples were collected from school children of two government, two private and two community schools of the same district. T...

  7. Strategies to Maintain School District Financial Solvency: Illinois School Business Officials' Recommendations

    Williams, Ann C.; Kersten, Thomas A.


    The purpose of this study was to identify financial management strategies that school business officials have found most successful in achieving school district financial stability. To accomplish, 208 Illinois school business officials in six counties: Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will counties, excluding Chicago School District 299,…

  8. Human Resource Support for School Principals in Two, Urban School Districts: An Exploratory Study

    Lochmiller, Chad R.


    School districts are increasingly focused on instructional practice in classrooms. Many urban school districts have shifted decision-making responsibility to school principals in order to improve instruction. This reform strategy has been referred to as decentralization or school-based management. Decentralization has a significant influence on…

  9. A Geology of School Reform: The Successive Restructurings of a School District. SUNY Series, Restructuring and School Change.

    Brouillette, Liane

    Since the 1960s, a dizzying array of educational reforms have been introduced in school districts across the United States. This book describes a study that focused on how successive waves of reform interacted within a single school district. The study follows the suburban Cottonwood School District from its beginnings in the early 1950s through…

  10. How Does District Principal Evaluation Affect Learning-Centered Principal Leadership? Evidence from Michigan School Districts

    Sun, Min; Youngs, Peter


    This study used Hierarchical Multivariate Linear models to investigate relationships between principals' behaviors and district principal evaluation purpose, focus, and assessed leadership activities in 13 school districts in Michigan. The study found that principals were more likely to engage in learning-centered leadership behaviors when the…

  11. Achieving Competitive Advantage in Human Resource Management in General School District of Riyadh in Saudi Arabia

    Al dakeel, Taghreed M.; Almannie, Mohamed A.


    The general school district of Riyadh is one of largest in the country of (45) school districts in Saudi Arabia. The school districts play an important roles in the development of education, therefore the objective of the study is to examine the roles of the management in the school districts to see if it is achieving competitive advantage. After…

  12. The Louisiana Recovery School District: Lessons for the Buckeye State

    Smith, Nelson


    Is it time for Ohio to take bolder steps toward turning around its most troubled schools and districts? If so, what might the alternatives look like? Options for rebooting these troubled schools have come in the form of mayoral control, state takeovers, market competition through charter schools and other choice programs, as well as millions of…

  13. Are characteristics of the school district associated with active transportation to school in Danish adolescents?

    Stock, Christiane; Bloomfield, Kim; Ejstrud, Bo;


    models determined the effects of individual (gender, family affluence, enjoyment of school and academic performance) and school district factors (educational level, household savings, land use and size) on active transportation to school (by foot, bicycle or other active means) among 10 380 pupils aged...... 13-15 years nested in 407 school districts. RESULTS: Of all students, 64.4% used active transportation to school daily. Boys, those with perceived higher school performance and those with lower family affluence were more likely to use active transportation to school. After adjustment for all......: Policies aiming at reducing social inequalities at the school district level may enhance active transportation to school. School districts with farming land use face barriers for active transportation to school, requiring special policy attention....

  14. Environmental and Structural Determinants of Innovation in School Districts.

    Burnham, Robert A.

    Conceptualizing organizations as open systems of interrelated variables, this study of 184 Illinois school districts determined the relationships among innovation adoption, selected organizational characteristics, and environmental variability. Organizational characteristics were differentiation (development of specialized organizational…

  15. Criteria for the Evaluation of Insurance Management in School Districts.

    Bradley, C. E.

    In addition to general rules for good insurance management in school districts, a number of questions are presented for use in evaluating the administrator's effectiveness in insurance management. (FS)

  16. 76 FR 55621 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District


    ... proposing to approve a revision to the Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District portion of the California... local rule: Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District Rule 2.41, Expandable Polystyrene Manufacturing... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Yolo- Solano Air...

  17. District of Columbia Public Schools: School Year 2014-2015. Parental Right to Know Guide

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2014


    School-Parent Compacts are a component of school-level parental involvement policies, and must be developed by the school, teacher, and parents as a description of how parents, the entire school staff, and students themselves will work together for improved student academic achievement. This District of Columbia Public Schools School Year…

  18. Examining Charter School Policy and Public School District Resource Allocation in Ohio

    Linick, Matthew A.


    This project focuses on the competitive pressure, or the threat of competitive pressure, generated by charter school policy. This paper uses longitudinal district-level data and multiple quasi-experimental designs to examine the relationship between two Ohio charter school policies and changes in public school district instructional resource…

  19. How British Columbia school district superintendents manage data

    Morton, Gerald Edward


    The British Columbia Ministry of Education has been collecting demographic and academic performance information on every student in grades Kindergarten-12 since 1992. The amount of data held by the Ministry and now available for use is considerable: between 50 and 500 data elements have been collected from each of more than 500,000 students annually for the last 15 years. Most school districts also collect additional data on the performance of their students. School District Superintendents, ...

  20. School Districts, School Districts in Morris County, KS, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Morris County Appraisers Office.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale as of 2010. It is described as 'School Districts in Morris County, KS'. Data by this publisher...

  1. The Need for District Support for School Reform: What the Researchers Say. Research Brief.

    Appelbaum, Deborah

    This article focuses on the school district's role in implementing Comprehensive School Reform (CSR). Research shows that effective district support for CSR varies from district to district. This is due, in part, to the fact that many prior models bypassed the district, operating under the belief that reform would be more effective if it targeted…

  2. Voice of the Classified Employee: A Descriptive Study to Determine Degree of Job Satisfaction of Classified Employees and to Design Systems of Support by School District Leaders

    Barakos-Cartwright, Rebekah B.


    Classified employees comprise thirty two percent of the educational workforce in school districts in the state of California. Acknowledging these employees as a viable and untapped resource within the educational system will enrich job satisfaction for these employees and benefit the operations in school sites. As acknowledged and valued…

  3. A Case Study of District Decentralization and Site-Based Budgeting: Cordell Place School District.

    Fermanich, Mark; Odden, Allan; Archibald, Sarah

    A previously high-ranking suburban school district with declining student achievement changed to site-based budgeting. The account of the change may also be a cautionary tale about change taken too rapidly. Although a poor economy, the annexation of two Department of Defense schools, and organizational stagnation helped to create lower student…

  4. 77 FR 13495 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... November 22, 2011 (76 FR 72142), EPA proposed to approve the following rules into the California SIP....

  5. 78 FR 59249 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... finalizing approval of revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) portion of the... Action On June 24, 2013 (78 FR 37757), EPA proposed to approve the following rules into the California... 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); does not impose an information collection burden under...

  6. 76 FR 72142 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District


    ... Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993); Does not... proposing to approve revisions to the South Coast Air Quality Management District portion of the California... on November 14, 2005 (70 FR 69081). The SCAQMD adopted a revision to the SIP-approved version on...

  7. 76 FR 54384 - California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District; Withdrawal of...


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 California State Implementation Plan, South Coast Air Quality Management District... final rule. SUMMARY: On July 15, 2011 (76 FR 41717), EPA published a direct final approval of a revision... the parallel proposal also published on July 15, 2011 (76 FR 41745), or repropose an...

  8. 78 FR 18625 - Call for Nominations for the California Desert District Advisory Council


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management Call for Nominations for the California Desert District Advisory Council AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management's...

  9. School Board Training: Its Effect on Southern California Governance Teams

    Turley, Kristina


    This study examines the impact the California School Boards Association's (CSBA) Masters in Governance (MIG) training program has on effective school board governance practice. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between effective school boards and a commitment to seek and attend school board training.…

  10. School Leaders' Perceptions of School Counselors as Leaders as Part of the District Leadership Team and Impact on the District Wide Change Process

    Davis, James S., Jr.


    This exploration focuses on school leaders' perceptions of school counselors as leaders and their involvement with district wide change. This study explores school counselor leadership, school counselors' role in district level change, and barriers to school counselor leadership. This is a qualitative study utilizing grounded theory design.…

  11. Managing Smallness: Promising Fiscal Practices for Rural School District Administrators.

    Freitas, Deborah Inman

    Based on a mail survey of over 100 rural school administrators in 34 states, this handbook outlines common problems and successful strategies in the financial management of rural, small school districts. Major problems are related to revenue and cash flow, increasing expenditures, providing quality education programs, and staffing to handle the…

  12. A School District Responds to a Book Challenge

    Urzillo, Robert


    This article explains the response of a school district to a parental attempt to ban a book or label it as unsuitable for middle school students. Labeling, for the purpose of definition, is giving a book a label similar to one used in the movie industry. The challenged book is entitled "Sex Education;" it is a novel authored by Jenny Davis. From…

  13. Implementation Recommendations for School Districts. GASB Statement No. 34.

    Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

    Statement 34 is the most significant change in the history of governmental accounting. It is a dramatic change in the way school districts report and present financial information. This new reporting model affects every public-school organization that issues financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).…

  14. Building a Construction Curriculum for Your School District

    Ruder, Robert


    Embracing the notion of going green, an affluent school district in Pennsylvania spent $83 million as part of the high school's renovation and expansion project. The three-level addition is now equipped with self-dimming lights, energy-efficient windows, a rooftop solar water heater, and a geothermal cooling and heating system. As a bonus for…

  15. Home-School Relationships: Networking in One District

    Wanat, Carolyn Louise


    This article describes parents' and educators' perceptions of home-school relationships that benefited children and their families in one school district. Family involvement literature and social network theory, especially Burt's (2001) structural holes, served as the theoretical framework. In semistructured interviews, 39 participants, including…

  16. Perceptions of Crisis Management in a K-12 School District

    Tucker, Joy


    This multiple-case qualitative study was conducted to examine the perceptions of community members, students, and staff regarding school crisis management following a 2006 tornado and 2010 bus accident in a small rural school district in Missouri. Online surveys were collected from 66 participants, and 10 follow-up interviews were completed with…

  17. School Districts, High School polygon and point layers., Published in unknown, City of Roswell, GA.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset as of unknown. It is described as 'High School polygon and point layers.'. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane...

  18. School Districts, schools, Published in 2005, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Iron County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2005. It is described as 'schools'....

  19. Twenty-first century learning in school systems: the case of the Metropolitan School District of Lawrence Township, Indianapolis, Indiana.

    Capuano, Marcia; Knoderer, Troy


    To empower students with skills such as information and technological literacy, global awareness and cultural competence, self-direction, and sound reasoning, teachers must master these skills themselves. This chapter examines how the Digital Age Literacy Initiative of the Metropolitan School District of Lawrence Township in Indianapolis, Indiana, which is funded by the Lilly Endowment, incorporated twenty-first century learning through a systemic approach involving teacher training and the use of data. The authors explain the district's content, process, and context goals toward accomplishing its mission of empowering students with the necessary twenty-first century skills to succeed in the digital age. The district places a strong emphasis on professional development for teachers. To support the necessary teacher learning and therefore sustain the work of the initiative, the district has adopted action research, self-assessment, and an online professional development network. To support teachers in implementing new strategies, master teachers serve as digital age literacy coaches. The chapter discusses the initiative's focus on evidence of progress. Through a partnership with the Metiri Group of California, the district has built a range of assessments including online inventories and twenty-first century skill rubrics. For example, the Mankato Survey collected teacher and student data around access, ability, and use of technology in the classroom in 2001 and then in 2004. This research showed significant gains in some technologies across all grade levels and consistent gains in nearly all technologies for middle and high school students. As it moves into the next phase of implementing the Digital Age Literacy Initiative, the district embraces the systemic shifts in school culture necessary to institutionalize twenty-first century learning. PMID:17017261

  20. Examining Economies of Scale in School Consolidation: Assessment of Indiana School Districts

    Zimmer, Timothy; DeBoer, Larry; Hirth, Marilyn


    This article examines the potential for reducing costs through school district consolidation by employing economies of scale. Utilizing Indiana school district data primarily from 2004 through 2006, we find evidence for scale economies with optimal enrollment being 1,942 students, with a per pupil estimated cost at $9,414. The 95% confidence…

  1. The Relationship between Illinois School District Superintendent Longevity and High School Student Achievement

    Libka, Robert J.


    Frequent changes in school district superintendents may be having a detrimental impact on student achievement. Rapid changes in leadership today parallel the present (NCLB) era of high stakes state assessments. The goal of the study was to provide correlation research that would have a positive effect on school district management, superintendent…

  2. Access Denied: School Librarians' Responses to School District Policies on the Use of Social Media Tools

    DiScala, Jeffrey; Weeks, Ann Carlson


    Public school districts often block access to online social media tools. While considered a preventive measure to ensure student safety and limit district liability, this policy strips school librarians and their collaborating teachers of opportunities to instruct students in using social media tools creatively and responsibly. Using one school…

  3. New Public Management and District Reform: Managerialism and Deflection of Local Leadership in a Texas School District

    Maxcy, Brendan


    Examining work and community relations in one Texas school district, this study explores intensifying managerialism under performance accountability (PA) pressures. Reports, press releases, and media accounts are combined with ethnographic study from one elementary school to explore the enactment of school district reforms. Locating PA within a…

  4. "A Few of the Brightest, Cleanest Mexican Children": School Segregation as a Form of Mundane Racism in Oxnard, California, 1900-1940

    Garcia, David G.; Yosso, Tara J.; Barajas, Frank P.


    In this article, David G. Garcia, Tara J. Yosso, and Frank P. Barajas examine the early twentieth-century origins of a dual schooling system that facilitated the reproduction of a cheap labor force and the marginalization of Mexicans in Oxnard, California. In their analysis of the 1930s Oxnard Elementary School District board minutes, alongside…

  5. Implementation of California State School Competitive Food and Beverage Standards

    Samuels, Sarah E.; Hutchinson, Krista S.; Craypo, Lisa; Barry, Jason; Bullock, Sally L.


    Background: Competitive foods and beverages are available on most US school campuses. States and school districts are adopting nutrition standards to regulate these products, but few studies have reported on the extent to which schools are able to adhere to competitive regulations. The purpose of this study was to describe the extent to which…

  6. Professional Mathematicians Comment on School Mathematics in California.

    Haimo, Deborah Tepper; Milgram, R. James


    Critiques Jerry Becker and Bill Jacob's article on the politics of California school mathematics in the March 2000 "Kappan" for characterizing current California standards as a return to the past. Mathematicians are apolitical, but must coordinate K-12 curriculum frameworks with college-level math courses. (MLH)

  7. Are California's Schools Ready for Online Testing and Learning?

    Gao, Niu


    In addition to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS), California is implementing a new, online assessment system: the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP). Field tests were conducted last spring and the system is being rolled out this year, amid concerns about whether schools are technologically prepared. Using…

  8. What's Happening in School and District Leadership?

    Anthes, Katy


    New energy and resources are emerging for policy discussions about the aspects, types and styles of leadership that lead to effective school practices. Some of these emerging issues include standards for defining high-quality leaders, distributed leadership approaches and school leaders' influence in the creation of a school culture conducive to…

  9. National Implications for Urban School Systems: Strategic Planning in the Human Resource Management Department in a Large Urban School District

    Johnson, Clarence; Kritsonis, William Allan


    This article addresses several key ongoing issues in a large urban school district. Literature focuses on what make a large urban school district effective in Human Resource Management. The effectiveness is addressed through recruitment and retention practices. A comparison of the school district with current research is the main approach to the…

  10. Exploring relationships and interactions between district leadership and school leadership teams

    Johnson, Peggy E.


    Effective schools and district effectiveness studies have shown that high levels of student achievement are possible and more likely to sustain when a district and its schools coordinate and collaborate in the reform process. Much less research has been conducted to understand the linkages between districts and schools and how they may interact to build the social, human, and intellectual capital needed for school reform. Furthermore, district administrators often rely on principals as the pr...

  11. The Effectiveness of READ 180 and Journeys III in a South Texas Urban School District

    Parker, Celeste


    With illiteracy in the United States at a staggering rate, school districts are spending more and more instructional dollars searching for intervention programs to address students' reading deficits. While, in the past, school districts have received funds through various state funding sources, the financial forecast for school districts is…

  12. Demand (and Supply) in an Inter-District Public School Choice Program

    Reback, Randall


    This study examines parents' demand for sending their children to a public school located outside their residential school district. Using a unique data set that contains information concerning both inter-district transfers and rejections of transfer applications, I am able to identify which school district characteristics attract the greatest…

  13. Pragmatism or Gaming the System? One School District's Solution to Low Test Scores

    McKenzie, Kathryn Bell


    In this era of accountability and high stakes testing, district and school administrators are vigilant in their attention to student test scores and the ramifications these have for district and school performance labels. In other words, no school or district wants to be labeled "low performing." This case, based on a real situation, demonstrates…

  14. How Public School Districts Can Improve Their Bond Ratings.

    Casillas, Robert A.; Hamill, Grant M.


    Describes the bond-rating process; suggests several management practices school districts can adopt to improve their bond ratings: Adopt a fund balance, initiate debt-affordability and debt-amortization policies, institute pay-as-you-go funding to reduce dependency on debt, develop a multiyear plan, and communicate periodically with credit-rating…

  15. University/School District Collaboration Changes a Kindergarten Program

    Kramer-Vida, Louisa; Levitt, Roberta; Kelly, Susan P.


    On their way to a state English board meeting, Susan Kelly, a curriculum director, and Louisa Kramer-Vida, a university professor, used their travel time as an opportunity to converse about pedagogy (McAdamis 2010). Specifically, they reflected about enhancing K-12 writing in a suburban, middle class school district. "We need to introduce a…

  16. Continuous Improvement in Schools and Districts: Policy Considerations

    Best, Jane; Dunlap, Allison


    Discussions about improving public education often focus on outcomes without considering how schools and districts can accomplish those outcomes. Research shows that using a continuous improvement process has proven successful in healthcare, manufacturing, and technology, and may hold potential for use in education as well. This brief defines and…

  17. Tips for School Districts: GASB's New Fund Balance Standards

    Mead, Dean Michael


    In March 2009, the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) issued Statement No. 54, "Fund Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions." School districts that prepare financial reports based on generally accepted accounting principles are required to implement this standard no later than the first fiscal year that starts after…

  18. Information Security Management Practices of K-12 School Districts

    Nyachwaya, Samson


    The research problem addressed in this quantitative correlational study was the inadequacy of sound information security management (ISM) practices in K-12 school districts, despite their increasing ownership of information assets. Researchers have linked organizational and sociotechnical factors to the implementation of information security…

  19. Challenges of Asthma Management for School Nurses in Districts with High Asthma Hospitalization Rates

    Liberatos, Penny; Leone, Jennifer; Craig, Ann Marie; Frei, Elizabeth Mary; Fuentes, Natalie; Harris, India Marie


    Background: School nurses play a central role in assisting elementary school children in managing their asthma, especially those in higher-risk school districts that are at increased risk of uncontrolled asthma. Study purposes are to (1) identify barriers to asthma management by school nurses in higher-risk school districts; and (2) assess the…

  20. 77 FR 23193 - Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District


    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Revisions to the California State Implementation Plan, Yolo- Solano Air Quality Management District AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve revisions to the Yolo-Solano Air Quality Management District portion of the...

  1. School Districts Using Microcomputers: A National Survey.

    Hayes, Jeanne


    Discusses results of a comprehensive nationwide survey conducted in the summers of 1982 and 1983 on the number and brands of microcomputers in schools. Findings show a 118 percent increase in the number of schools using microcomputers, with Apple the most popular brand. (TE)

  2. How Small School Districts Can Organize to Afford Their Small Schools

    Burton, Christine


    While the research continues to mount on the benefits of school downsizing and decentralizing efforts in urban areas, there exists a paradox for small school Administrators who continue to struggle against forces of consolidation. Small schools in rural and suburban districts have fought for their existence against the pressures of consolidation…

  3. Factors Leading to Retention of School Librarian Positions: A School District Case Study

    Ewbank, Ann Dutton


    In the past five years, the number of school librarians has greatly diminished despite valiant advocacy efforts by librarians, parents, and state and national library associations. This descriptive case study investigated the factors that led governing board members in a mid-sized urban high school district to retain certified school librarian…

  4. Strength and Comprehensiveness of District School Wellness Policies Predict Policy Implementation at the School Level

    Schwartz, Marlene B.; Henderson, Kathryn E.; Falbe, Jennifer; Novak, Sarah A.; Wharton, Christopher M.; Long, Michael W.; O'Connell, Meghan L.; Fiore, Susan S.


    Background: In 2006, all local education agencies in the United States participating in federal school meal programs were required to establish school wellness policies. This study documented the strength and comprehensiveness of 1 state's written district policies using a coding tool, and tested whether these traits predicted school-level…

  5. The Evolution of School Social Work Services in an Urban School District

    Ayasse, Robert Henry; Stone, Susan I.


    The authors present a case history of the growth and development of school social work services between 2000 and 2012 in the San Francisco Unified School District. Responding to a gap in the literature describing growth of school social work services in local educational contexts, this case history reveals, consistent with prior research, that…

  6. Students' First Amendment Rights and School District Demographics: Gauging School Board Responsiveness to Student Speech Policy

    Torres, Mario Sergio; Collier, Virginia; Tolson, Homer; Huang, Tse-Yang


    This study examined the extent to which Texas school boards of education made efforts to locally modify student speech policy. Using online policy manuals provided by the Texas Association of School Boards, speech policies for 91 school districts were gathered using a purposive stratified sampling procedure and examined for local modifications to…

  7. California Dept. of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) Update of the Schools Naturally Occurring Asbestos Guidance

    Malinowski, M.


    Prior to acquisition and/or construction of prospective school sites, the California Education Code mandates that school districts complete environmental assessments and cleanups for prospective new or expanding school sites in order to qualify for state funding. If prospective school sites are determined to have environmental contamination from hazardous materials, including naturally occurring hazardous materials such as naturally occurring asbestos (NOA), where there may be unacceptable potential health risks, the school sites must be properly mitigated prior to occupancy for protection of human health and the environment. NOA is of special concern for schools, because children who are exposed to asbestos may be at increased risk of developing asbestos-related diseases over time. In order to protect human health, the Department of Toxic Substances Control's (DTSC) goals at school sites are to: 1) identify the presence of NOA in school site soils using exposure-reducing soil thresholds; 2) manage potential NOA exposures using mitigation measures to reduce generation of airborne asbestos fibers from soils on school sites; and 3) ensure long-term monitoring and protection of mitigation measures via Operations & Maintenance activities. DTSC is currently in the process of revising its Interim Guidance Naturally Occurring Asbestos (NOA) at School Sites - September 2004. The revisions include: 1) updating the guidance to consider incremental sampling for use at NOA sites in consultation with DTSC's project manager and technical staff, and 2) documenting a tiered approach to addressing high and low activity areas on a school.

  8. SPUR: Moving San Diego, California Schools toward Integrated Pest Management.

    Taylor, Sharon


    The preparation of a report, slide show, and brochure to promote awareness of the hazards of toxic pest control for school pest management personnel in the San Diego Unified School District is discussed. The future plans of the coalition are proposed. (CW)

  9. The process of adoption of evidence-based tobacco use prevention programs in California schools.

    Little, Melissa A; Pokhrel, Pallav; Sussman, Steve; Rohrbach, Louise Ann


    Although there are a number of research-validated substance use prevention programs available for wide-scale dissemination, very little is known about the factors that influence adoption of evidence-based prevention programs in schools. We tested a model of the mechanisms of program adoption in schools that was guided by diffusion of innovations and social ecological theories. Cross-sectional data were collected from a sample of school district and county office of education tobacco use prevention education coordinators throughout California. Structural equation modeling was used to test the effects of community and organizational variables on the adoption of prevention programs via school administrators' beliefs and the organization's receipt of funding for the program. Results supported the hypothesis that the process of adoption begins with forming beliefs about the program, leading to adoption through the receipt of funding. In addition, we found direct effects of various community- and organizational-level factors on beliefs, receipt of funding, and adoption. These results are likely to inform policies that affect school districts' use of evidence-based substance use prevention programming, which should ultimately lead to reductions in negative health outcomes among adolescents. Specifically, this study identifies various factors that could be targeted for improvement to enhance evidence-based program adoption. To our knowledge, this is the first study to empirically elucidate the process of adoption of evidence-based tobacco prevention programs in schools. PMID:24398826

  10. School district wellness policy quality and weight-related outcomes among high school students in Minnesota.

    Hoffman, Pamela K; Davey, Cynthia S; Larson, Nicole; Grannon, Katherine Y; Hanson, Carlie; Nanney, Marilyn S


    Weight-related outcomes were examined among high school students in Minnesota public school districts according to the quality of district wellness policies. Wellness policy strength and comprehensiveness were scored using the Wellness School Assessment Tool (WellSAT) for 325 Minnesota public school districts in 2013. The associations between WellSAT scores and district-level means of high school student responses to a statewide survey of health behaviors were examined in this ecologic study. WellSAT Total Strength and Total Comprehensiveness scores were positively associated with both student mean Body Mass Index (BMI) percentile (Strength: P = 0.018, Comprehensiveness: P = 0.031) and mean percent overweight or obese (Strength: P = 0.008, Comprehensiveness: P = 0.026), but only in districts with > 50% of students eligible for Free or Reduced-Price Lunches (FRPLs), or 'high FRPL districts'. WellSAT Physical Education and Physical Activity subscale scores were also positively associated with the mean days per week students engaged in physical activity for ≥ 60 min in high FRPL districts (Strength: P = 0.008, Comprehensiveness: P = 0.003) and in low FRPL districts (Education and Wellness Promotion Strength and Comprehensiveness subscale scores were positively associated with, respectively, daily servings of vegetables (P = 0.037) and fruit (P = 0.027); and WellSAT Total scores were positively associated with daily vegetable servings (Strength: P = 0.037, Comprehensiveness: P = 0.012). Administrators of economically disadvantaged school districts with a higher percentage of overweight students may be recognizing the need for stronger wellness policies and the specific importance of implementing policies pertaining to physical activity as a means to improve student health. PMID:26850060

  11. Overburndened and Underfunded: California Public Schools Amidst the Great Recession

    Rhoda Freelon


    Full Text Available Since 2008, many nations, including the United States, have struggled with the effects of a global recession. The state of California has been particularly impacted by the Great Recession. Unemployment rates in California are among the highest in the United States, and a weak fiscal environment has forced deep cutbacks to a variety of state services. This study uses California as a case to explore the effects of economic crisis on public schools and the students they serve. The study draws on two years of survey and interview data with a representative sample of public school principals across California. The data show that, during the Great Recession, students have experienced growing social welfare needs that often shape their well-being and their performance in schools. We also find that the capacity of public schools to meet these needs and provide quality education has been eroded by budget cuts. This study finds that schools primarily serving low-income families have been hardest hit during the recession, in part because they cannot raise private dollars to fill the gap left by public sector cuts. The Great Recession thus has undermined educational quality while producing widening educational inequality in California.

  12. Long Range Financial Forecasting for School Districts.

    Baker, Michael E.

    Public school systems infrequently project their financial outlook beyond the coming year. Yet, financial projections over a multiyear period are necessary if the financial "crises" that frequently occur in public organizations are to be avoided. This paper discusses the importance of financial forecasting and planning, the development of…

  13. Ensuring Ethical Behavior of School District Leaders

    Ruder, Robert


    When employees of public school entities retire after 35 or 40 years of service, they usually take with them a reputation built on goodwill and trust within the community in which they worked. While their physical departure is immediate, their legacy continues. But what happens if months later, evidence emerges that the educator behaved in a…

  14. Funding Equipment Needs in School Districts.

    Epler, Doris M.


    Provides guidelines for school librarians and educators seeking funds for information technology from service groups, corporations, and foundations. Step-by-step advice is given for researching sources, building a team, clarifying objectives and procedures to enhance proposal writing, and keeping the funding source informed and involved. (EA)

  15. The Educationally Challenged American School District.

    Clinchy, Evans


    Two national reform movements--one focused on creating small, autonomous schools, the other fixated on a standardization agenda--are basically in conflict. The standards movement is touting the traditional, top-down, centralized, bureaucratic system modeled after Frederick Taylor and his efficiency experts. Progressive, decentralized initiatives…

  16. School District Financial Management and Banking.

    Dembowski, Frederick L.; Davey, Robert D.

    This chapter of "Principles of School Business Management" introduces the concept of cash management, or the process of managing an institution's moneys to ensure maximum cash availability and maximum yield on investments. Four activities are involved: (1) conversion of accounts receivable to cash receipts; (2) conversion of accounts payable to…

  17. Relationship between Educational Resources and School Achievement: A Mixed Method Intra-District Analysis

    Jimenez-Castellanos, Oscar


    This study examines the relationship between educational resources (fiscal, personnel and facilities) and school achievement within a large urban/suburban elementary school district. A sequential mixed methods approach reveals inequitable resource allocation trends and patterns between schools within a school district by producing different…

  18. Designing a Transportation System for a Parent Choice School District: A Transportation Supervisor's Handbook.

    Paller, Alan; And Others

    This study was commissioned to investigate the special transportation problems in parent-choice school districts and to prepare a handbook to assist transportation supervisors in overcoming these problems. Intended for school districts that have alternative schools, open enrollment plans, magnet schools, or other kinds of parent and student choice…

  19. School Districts, K-12 School District polygons, Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Vernon County Wisconsin.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2013. It is described as 'K-12 School...

  20. Snapshots of Reform: District Efforts to Raise Student Achievement across Diverse Communities in California. Working Paper 06-2

    Woody, Elisabeth L.; Bae, Soung; Park, Sandra; Russell, Jennifer


    Achievement gaps have real consequences for students, particularly those facing the challenge of passing the California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE), now a requirement in order to receive a high school diploma in California. The combined 2005 CAHSEE passing rates reveal significant discrepancies between White and Asian students and their African…

  1. District-Level Downsizing

    Schachter, Ron


    Draconian cuts have become the order of business for many school districts since the economic recession hit in 2008. But for the coming school year, "draconian" has taken on an even harsher meaning, as states from California and Texas to Illinois and New York wrestle with deficits in the tens of billions of dollars and make multi-billion-dollar…

  2. Organizing Education: Schools, School Districts, and the Study of Organizational History

    Duke, Daniel L.


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present a rationale for organizational histories of schools and school districts and discuss the findings of selected examples of the genre. Design/methodology/approach: The author presents a vignette of an organizational history, discusses key elements of the methodology, and offers seven ways in which…

  3. Shivers Junior/Senior High School: Aberdeen School District in Mississippi. Case Study in Sustainable Design.

    Zimmerman, David

    Design information, floor plan, photos, and energy use data are presented of a combined 45,000 square foot junior/senior high school in Mississippi's Aberdeen School District, built in 1956, and retrofitted over time to improve its usability. Exterior and interior photos are presented showing classrooms, the cafeteria, and gymnasium. Data are…

  4. School Start Time Change: An In-Depth Examination of School Districts in the United States

    Owens, Judith; Drobnich, Darrel; Baylor, Allison; Lewin, Daniel


    In response to the scientific evidence documenting both profound developmental changes in sleep and circadian biology during adolescence and the myriad of negative health, performance, and safety outcomes risks associated with chronic sleep loss, at least 70 public school districts in the United States, representing approximately 1,000 schools,…

  5. Are Schools Making the Grade? School Districts Nationwide Adopt Safer Pest Management Policies.

    Piper, Cortney; Owens, Kagan


    This report documents school districts that have adopted safer pest management policies, such as integrated pest management (IPM), in response to state requirements or as a voluntary measure that exceeds state law. It also documents the state of local school pest management policies and illustrates the opportunities that exist for better…

  6. Environmental Assessment for the Bison School District Heating Plant Project, Institutional Conservation Program (ICP)

    This environmental assessment analyzes the environmental impacts of replacing the Bison, South Dakota School District's elementary school and high school heating system consisting of oil-fired boilers and supporting control system and piping

  7. Charter and Direct Run Schools of the Recovery School District (RSD) and Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB) Comparison of High Stakes Tests and Dropout Rates

    Andry, Beverly Guillory


    The city of New Orleans has embarked on an historic experiment reinventing its schools--once considered among the worst in the country--from a centralized, single district model of education to a two district model in which both the Recovery School District (RSD) and the preexisting Orleans Parish School Board (OPSB) both operate direct run and…

  8. The Relationship between Components of the Ohio Local School District Report Card and the Outcome of a School Tax Levy

    Wheatley, Vicki Ann


    The relationship between components of the local school district report card, school district typology, and the outcome of public school tax levy requests were examined in this study. A correlation research design was used to measure the relationship between the independent variables (performance index, average yearly progress, value added,…

  9. Teacher Leadership and School Reform: A Case Study of the Accelerating Student Achievement Project in a Central Kentucky School District

    Robinson, Jennifer B.


    In the study reported here, I explored the notion of teacher leadership as described by individuals participating in a district-wide school reform initiative, the Accelerating Student Achievement Project. Through the district-wide project, teacher leaders were identified at each of the middle and high schools to further develop the schools'…

  10. Portfolio District Reform Meets School Turnaround: Early Implementation Findings from the Los Angeles Public School Choice Initiative

    Marsh, Julie A.; Strunk, Katharine O.; Bush, Susan


    Purpose: Despite the popularity of school "turnaround" and "portfolio district" management as solutions to low performance, there has been limited research on these strategies. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap by exploring the strategic case of Los Angeles Unified School District's Public School Choice…

  11. Coordinated School Health and the Contribution of a District Wellness Coordinator

    Westrich, Lisa; Sanchez, Monika; Strobel, Karen


    Background: A San Francisco Bay Area school health initiative was established in fall 2010 to improve wellness programs in 4 local school districts using the Coordinated School Health (CSH) model. This study examines the role of district-wide wellness coordinators and the ways in which they contribute to intentional coordination of health and…

  12. Education Reform in New Orleans: Voices from the Recovery School District

    Ciolino, Max S.; Kirylo, James D.; Mirón, Luis; Frazier, Kelly


    In the post-Katrina education landscape in New Orleans, teachers in charter schools and district-run schools in the Recovery School District are uniquely situated to provide a direct eyewitness account of the successes and failures of the city's new direction in public education. This narrative presents the opinions of teachers in a critical…

  13. Redefining the School District in America. Part Three of a Three-Part Series

    Smith, Nelson


    In "Redefining the School District in America," Nelson Smith reexamines existing recovery school districts (RSDs)--entities in Louisiana, Tennessee, and Michigan charged with running and turning around their state's worst schools--and assembles the most comprehensive catalog of similar initiatives underway and under consideration…

  14. Review of "The Louisiana Recovery School District: Lessons for the Buckeye State"

    Buras, Kristen L.


    In "The Louisiana Recovery School District: Lessons for the Buckeye State," the Thomas B. Fordham Institute criticizes local urban governance structures and presents the decentralized, charter-school-driven Recovery School District (RSD) in New Orleans as a successful model for fiscal and academic performance. Absent from the review is any…

  15. Redefining the School District in Michigan. Part Two of a Three-Part Series

    Smith, Nelson


    What happens when policymakers create statewide school districts to turn around their worst-performing public schools? In Louisiana and Tennessee, Recovery School Districts (RSDs) have made modest-to-strong progress for kids and serve as national models for what the future of education governance might hold. In the Great Lakes State, the story is…

  16. Balancing Communities, Cultures, and Conflict: Lessons Learned From the East Ramapo School District Legal Battle

    Ober, Patrick; Decker, Janet R.


    This case illustrates why future school leaders must be prepared to handle complex legal and political issues that commonly arise in school districts today. We discuss a long-standing and unresolved legal battle between a Hasidic Jewish community and the public school district in East Ramapo, New York. In particular, we examine the difficulties…

  17. Restructuring Schools in Baltimore: An Analysis of State and District Efforts. ECS Policy Brief

    Morando Rhim, Lauren


    This paper presents a summary of state and local restructuring efforts in a single district: the Baltimore City Public School System (BCPSS). State and experiences with restructuring persistently low-performing schools provide practical information to other state and district leaders charged with the task of restructuring schools under NCLB.

  18. Funding California Schools: The Revenue Limit System. Technical Appendices

    Weston, Margaret


    This document presents the technical appendices accompanying the report, "Funding California Schools: The Revenue Limit System." Included are: (1) Revenue Limit Calculation and Decomposition; (2) Data and Methods; and (3) Base Funding Alternative Simulation Results. (Contains 5 tables and 26 footnotes.) [For the main report, "Funding California…

  19. Low-Income Students and School Meal Programs in California

    Danielson, Caroline


    School nutrition programs help improve nutrition among vulnerable children. In so doing, they help build a better future for these children and the state. Now that California is implementing the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF), there is additional reason to make sure all students who are eligible for free or low-cost meals enroll in these…

  20. Improving Writing in California Schools: Problems & Solutions.

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    Intended to help teachers, curriculum directors, school administrators, and school board members follow through on their commitment to teach students how to become better writers, the techniques and resources described in this booklet are arranged into seven chapters. The first chapter examines whether the "writing crisis" is fact or fiction, and…

  1. The Role of School District Science Coordinators in the District-Wide Appropriation of an Online Resource Discovery and Sharing Tool for Teachers

    Lee, Victor R.; Leary, Heather M.; Sellers, Linda; Recker, Mimi


    When introducing and implementing a new technology for science teachers within a school district, we must consider not only the end users but also the roles and influence district personnel have on the eventual appropriation of that technology. School districts are, by their nature, complex systems with multiple individuals at different levels in…

  2. Duet or Duel? A Portrait of Two Logics of Reading Instruction in an Urban School District

    Woulfin, Sarah L.


    This article presents findings on the institutional logics of reading instruction in an urban school district, portraying how district leaders and coaches enacted two logics. Findings are grounded in observation, interview, and document data on district leaders and literacy coaches from a 13-month period. Using neoinstitutional theory, this…

  3. The School District Role in Introducing Microcomputers: A Contingency Planning Approach.

    Williams, Richard C.; And Others


    Briefly discusses no-plan approach and linear approach to school district computer involvement and suggests contingency planning approach is better. Components of this approach--conducting situation audit of internal and external environments, generating within-district support, formulating district-wide policies, and developing an ongoing…

  4. The Sustained Reduction of Youth Suicidal Behavior in an Urban, Multicultural School District

    Zenere, Frank J.; Lazarus, Philip J.


    An 18-year longitudinal case study of the suicide rates of students attending a large, urban, multicultural school district between 1989 and 2006 is described. The high rate of suicide (5.5 per 100,000 students ages 5-19) in the district during the period 1980-1988 led to the development and implementation of a district-wide Youth Suicide…

  5. School administrator preparation in Baja California

    CHARLES L. SLATER; Esparza, Elena; Peña, Rosa M.; Topete, Carlos; Álvarez, Isaías; Cerecedo, Trinidad; García, José María


    A team of US and Mexican researchers used focus groups to determine challenges faced by rural school directors who worked in isolated, poor communities. They had no preparation before becoming directors. Their stories express frustration with teachers who do not come to school on time and are not committed to education. Yet the directors throw themselves into their work and persist over the years. They ask for training in how to work with teachers, and they bring qualities of idealism and ...

  6. Capistrano unified school district works with San Onofre NGS

    A unique arrangement has the science coordinator for Capistrano Unified School District's (CUSD) grades kindergarten through eight (K-8) as a part-time contract employee at San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS). The purpose is to assess the science capabilities at SONGS useful to CUSD teachers and to assist in making them available. This is different from the usual single-teacher renewal program or from part-time employment. This creates several unique situations for SONGS and the 23 K-8 schools in CUSD, supplementing the existing program of optional science field trips to SONGS. This approach also interests the developing mind in science before being turned off by uninteresting, user-unfriendly, bookish approaches

  7. Promotion and reassignment in public school districts: How do schools respond to differences in teacher effectiveness?

    Chingos, Matthew Mark; West, Martin Raymond


    We use a unique administrative database from the state of Florida to provide the first evidence that promotion and other job reassignments within school districts are systematically related to differences in teacher effectiveness in raising student achievement. We follow the career paths of a cohort of almost 25,000 classroom teachers during the 2001–02 school year for seven subsequent years. Our results confirm that effective teachers are more likely to become assistant principals or prin...

  8. Old Wine in New Bottles: The Quality of Work Life in Schools and School Districts.

    Bacharach, Samuel B.; Mitchell, Stephen M.

    This essay reviews quality of work life as a management technique and argues that quality-of-work-life programs, conceptualized multidimensionally, offer a unique mechanism for improving working conditions in schools and within districts. A brief analysis of major management ideologies concludes that some techniques advocated under the label of…

  9. High School Physical Educators' Beliefs about Teaching Differently Abled Students in an Urban Public School District

    Hersman, Bethany L.; Hodge, Samuel R.


    The purpose of this study was to examine general physical education (GPE) teachers' beliefs about teaching differently abled students in inclusive classes.The participants were 5 GPE teachers from a large urban school district. The research method was explanatory multiple-case study situated in planned behavior theory. Data were gathered using a…

  10. Evaluation of Social and Academic Effects of School-Wide Positive Behaviour Support in a Canadian School District

    McIntosh, Kent; Bennett, Joanna L.; Price, Kathy


    This article discusses School-wide Positive Behaviour Support (SWPBS), an evidence-based approach to teaching social competencies and enhancing the school social environment. The focus of this article is on the value of evaluation and evaluation plans at a district level for maintaining and increasing the effectiveness of SWPBS in a district. We…

  11. School Districts Move to the Head of the Class with Propane



    School districts across the country are under pressure to reduce their cost of operations and ensure their budgets are spent wisely. School bus fleets operate more than 675,000 buses in the United States, and many school districts have found the answer to their budget woes in the form of propane, or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Propane is a reliable, domestic fuel, and it's used in approximately 2% of school buses nationwide.

  12. An Evaluation of Advanced Level Chemistry Teaching in Gweru District Schools, Zimbabwe

    Mandina Shadreck


    This study evaluated the implementation of the Advanced level chemistry curriculum in Gweru district secondary schools in Zimbabwe. To guide this study seven research questions were raised and answered. The study employed a descriptive survey design and three instruments were used to collect data from 6 secondary schools selected from 12 schools in the district using the Probability Proportionate to Size (PPS) sampling technique. Six (6) school heads, 10 chemistry teachers and 130 students pa...

  13. Image of Nursing Profession as Viewed by Secondary School Students in Ilala District, Dar Es Salaam



    To assess knowledge and attitudes of secondary school students in Ilala district towards the nursing profession To determine the awareness of nursing as a profession by secondary school students in Ilala district, explore factors that promote aspiration to enroll in nursing schools and to explore factors that deter aspiration to enroll in nursing schools. The study was exploratory cross sectional using both qualitative and quantitative methods and was conducted in Azania and Jangwani secondar...

  14. School Districts, Unified School Districts Within Phillips County, Published in 2008, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, Phillips County.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'Unified...

  15. Census of Population and Housing, 1980: Summary Tape File 1F, School Districts. Technical Documentation.

    Bureau of the Census (DOC), Washington, DC. Data User Services Div.

    This report provides technical documentation associated with a 1980 Census of Population and Housing Summary Tape File 1F--the School Districts File. The file contains complete-count data of population and housing aggregated by school district. Population items tabulated include age, race (provisional data), sex, marital status, Spanish origin…

  16. A Demographic Analysis of the Impact of Property Tax Caps on Indiana School Districts

    Hirth, Marilyn A.; Lagoni, Christopher


    In 2008, the Indiana legislature passed and the governor signed into law House Enrolled Act No. 1001, now referred to as Public Law 146-2008, which capped Indiana school districts' ability to raise revenues from the local property tax without local voter approval. To phase in the impact of the law, the state provided school districts with…

  17. Do Teacher Absences Impact Student Achievement? Longitudinal Evidence from One Urban School District

    Miller, Raegen T.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.


    This article exploits highly detailed data on teacher absences from a large urban school district in the northern United States to shed light on the determinants and effects of teacher absences. The topic is important because both school and district policies can influence teachers' propensity to be absent. The authors estimate the impact of…

  18. An Implementation Plan: One-to-One Laptop Program Recommendations for the Pittsgrove Township School District

    Brodzik, Michael C.


    This Executive Position Paper is a one-to-one laptop implementation plan for Pittsgrove Township Schools that can be used as a template for other districts with similar interests. Each of the three chapters fulfills a major purpose. In Chapter One the paper is designed to substantiate the need for the Pittsgrove Township School District to…

  19. Local Property Tax Limitations vs. School District Employee Pension Costs in Pennsylvania

    Hartman, William T.; Shrom, Timothy J.


    In Pennsylvania as in many other states, employee pension costs are a significant source of financial pressure for school districts (Zeehandelaar and Northern 2013, Pennsylvania Public Employees' Retirement Commission 2013). In order to gain greater insight into the nature of Pennsylvania school districts' financial burden related to…

  20. Achievement Motivation among Secondary School Students in Ernakulam District--A Study

    Payyanatt, Prasanth; Manichander, T.


    The major purpose of this study is to find out the level of Achievement motivation of rural and urban secondary school students in Ernakulam district in Kerala state. The data was collected by means of Deo-Mohan Achievement Motivation (N-Ach) Scale on 200 samples of students in various schools in Thripunithura Sub-district selected through…

  1. The "Post-Racial" Politics of Race: Changing Student Assignment Policy in Three School Districts

    McDermott, Kathryn A.; Frankenberg, Erica; Diem, Sarah


    Many school districts have recently revised, or tried to revise, their policies for assigning students to schools, because the legal and political status of racial and other kinds of diversity is uncertain, and the districts are facing fiscal austerity. This article presents case studies of politics and student assignment policy in three large…

  2. Discipline for Students with Disabilities in the Recovery School District (RSD) of New Orleans

    Jeffers, Elizabeth K.


    This article focuses on special education in New Orleans post Hurricane Katrina. After Hurricane Katrina, Louisiana's Recovery School District (RSD) took over 102 of the city's 128 schools with the stated goal of creating a "choice district" for parents. This "choice distric"' is made up of RSD direct-run…

  3. Estimating the Spillover Effects of School District Demographics on Per-Pupil Spending

    Ajilore, Olugbenga


    The level of education spending may not only be determined by a school district's characteristics, but also by the characteristics of neighboring school districts. To properly evaluate these impacts, I use the Lesage and Pace (2009) approach which develops summary impact measures for inference on statistical significance. This article is the first…

  4. The Reincarnation of the Effective Schools Research: Rethinking the Literature on District Effectiveness

    Trujillo, Tina


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the district effectiveness literature. It begins by summarizing the school effectiveness research, the correlates of effective schools, and the conceptual and methodological characteristics of this field. It then describes the findings from a review of 50 studies of district effectiveness, the most…

  5. Food Allergy Knowledge and Attitudes among School Nurses in an Urban Public School District.

    Twichell, Sarah; Wang, Kathleen; Robinson, Humaira; Acebal, Maria; Sharma, Hemant


    Since food allergy knowledge and perceptions may influence prevention and management of school-based reactions, we evaluated them among nurses in an urban school district. All District of Columbia public school nurses were asked to anonymously complete a food allergy knowledge and attitude questionnaire. Knowledge scores were calculated as percentage of correct responses. Attitude responses were tabulated across five-point Likert scales, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The knowledge questionnaire was completed by 87% of eligible nurses and the attitude questionnaire by 83%. The mean total knowledge score was 76 ± 13 with domain score highest for symptom recognition and lowest for treatment. Regarding attitudes, most (94%) felt food allergy is a serious health problem, for which schools should have guidelines (94%). Fewer believed that nut-free schools (82%) and allergen-free tables (44%) should be implemented. Negative perceptions of parents were identified as: parents of food-allergic children are overprotective (55%) and make unreasonable requests of schools (15%). Food allergy knowledge deficits and mixed attitudes exist among this sample of urban school nurses, particularly related to management of reactions and perceptions of parents. Food allergy education of school nurses should be targeted to improve their knowledge and attitudes. PMID:27417367

  6. Food Allergy Knowledge and Attitudes among School Nurses in an Urban Public School District

    Sarah Twichell


    Full Text Available Since food allergy knowledge and perceptions may influence prevention and management of school-based reactions, we evaluated them among nurses in an urban school district. All District of Columbia public school nurses were asked to anonymously complete a food allergy knowledge and attitude questionnaire. Knowledge scores were calculated as percentage of correct responses. Attitude responses were tabulated across five-point Likert scales, ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. The knowledge questionnaire was completed by 87% of eligible nurses and the attitude questionnaire by 83%. The mean total knowledge score was 76 ± 13 with domain score highest for symptom recognition and lowest for treatment. Regarding attitudes, most (94% felt food allergy is a serious health problem, for which schools should have guidelines (94%. Fewer believed that nut-free schools (82% and allergen-free tables (44% should be implemented. Negative perceptions of parents were identified as: parents of food-allergic children are overprotective (55% and make unreasonable requests of schools (15%. Food allergy knowledge deficits and mixed attitudes exist among this sample of urban school nurses, particularly related to management of reactions and perceptions of parents. Food allergy education of school nurses should be targeted to improve their knowledge and attitudes.

  7. Female Superintendent Longevity in California

    Rohlfing, Tracy


    The purpose of this study was to investigate, through narrative inquiry (Clandinin & Connelly, 2000), the leadership evolution of five female superintendents in California with longevity of 5 or more years in their current school district positions. The research question addressed was, "How do California female superintendents evolve to…

  8. An Ecological Study of Food Desert Prevalence and 4th Grade Academic Achievement in New York State School Districts

    Frndak, Seth E.


    Background This ecological study examines the relationship between food desert prevalence and academic achievement at the school district level. Design and methods Sample included 232 suburban and urban school districts in New York State. Multiple open-source databases were merged to obtain: 4th grade science, English and math scores, school district demographic composition (NYS Report Card), regional socioeconomic indicators (American Community Survey), school district quality (US Common Cor...

  9. Beyond Backpacks and Bus Tokens: Next Steps for a District Homeless Student Initiative

    Hallett, Ronald E.; Low, Justin A.; Skrla, Linda


    How policies get translated and enacted by school districts frame how students experience reforms associated with federal law. This qualitative case study of a Northern California school district explores the importance of integrating homeless student initiatives within all aspects of the district functioning. Drawing from the equity framework of…

  10. Comparison of the enrollment percentages of magnet and non-magnet schools in a large urban school district.

    Emily Arcia


    Are magnet schools in a position to meet diversity ideals? As districts are declared unitary and released from court ordered desegregation, many are framing their commitments to fairness and equity in terms of diversity˜i.e., comparable rates of participation and comparable educational outcomes in all segments the student population. In this study, the enrollment statistics for magnet and contiguous non-magnet public schools in Miami-Dade County Public Schools, a large, urban district that ha...

  11. Is Single Gender Schooling Viable in the Public Sector? Lessons from Californias Pilot Program. Final Report.

    Datnow, Amanda; Hubbard, Lea; Woody, Elisabeth

    In 1997, California became the first state to conduct large-scale experimentation with single gender public education. This longitudinal study examined the impact of single gender academies in six California districts, focusing on equity implications. Data from observations and interviews with educators, policymakers, and students indicated that…

  12. Availability of Vending Machines and School Stores in California Schools

    Cisse-Egbuonye, Nafissatou; Liles, Sandy; Schmitz, Katharine E.; Kassem, Nada; Irvin, Veronica L.; Hovell, Melbourne F.


    Background: This study examined the availability of foods sold in vending machines and school stores in United States public and private schools, and associations of availability with students' food purchases and consumption. Methods: Descriptive analyses, chi-square tests, and Spearman product-moment correlations were conducted on data collected…

  13. Magnitude and determinants of refractive error among school children of two districts of Kathmandu, Nepal

    Srijana Adhikari; Bhagwat P Nepal; Jeevan Kumar Shrestha; Rajiv Khandekar


    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the magnitude and determinants of refractive error among school children of Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in 2003 in four schools; two in each district. A detailed ocular examination was conducted of all children attending these schools and that included visual acuity testing, slit lamp examination, fundus evaluation, retinoscopy, cycloplegic refracti...

  14. Urban School District's Preparing New Principals Program 2008-2011: Perceptions of Program Completers, Supervising Principals, and Senior Level School District Administrators

    Taylor, Rosemarye T.; Pelletier, Kelly; Trimble, Todd; Ruiz, Eddie


    The purpose of these three parallel mixed method studies was to measure the effectiveness of an urban school district's 2011 Preparing New Principals Program (PNPP). Results supported the premise that preparing principals for school leadership in 2013 must develop them as instructional leaders who can improve teacher performance and student…

  15. Small prizes increased healthful school lunch selection in a Midwestern school district.

    Siegel, Robert; Lockhart, Mary Kate; Barnes, Allison S; Hiller, Elizabeth; Kipp, Roger; Robison, Debora L; Ellsworth, Samantha C; Hudgens, Michelle E


    As obesity has become a pressing health issue for American children, greater attention has been focused on how schools can be used to improve how students eat. Previously, we piloted the use of small prizes in an elementary school cafeteria to improve healthful food selection. We hoped to increase healthful food selection in all the elementary schools of a small school district participating in the United States Department of Agriculture Lunch Program by offering prizes to children who selected a Power Plate (PP), which consisted of an entrée with whole grains, a fruit, a vegetable, and plain low-fat milk. In this study, the PP program was introduced to 3 schools sequentially over an academic year. During the kickoff week, green, smiley-faced emoticons were placed by preferred foods, and children were given a prize daily if they chose a PP on that day. After the first week, students were given a sticker or temporary tattoo 2 days a week if they selected a PP. Combining data from the 3 schools in the program, students increased PP selection from 4.5% at baseline to 49.4% (p < 0.0001) during an intervention period of 2.5 school weeks. The school with the longest intervention period, 6 months, showed a PP selection increase of from 3.9% to 26.4% (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, giving small prizes as rewards dramatically improves short-term healthful food selection in elementary school children. PMID:26914228

  16. Revisiting the Agenda on Reforming American Urban Schools: A Distant Odd Reality of Lake Wobegon School District

    Takona, James P.


    An ever growing thirst for a framework that supports a flexible environment in which the schools and school districts are protected within a zone that recognizes school reform is everyone's business. Moreover, the teacher's role as a leader in her classroom and among her peers must become a part of the search for a culture of success. This article…

  17. Increasing the Supply of Effective Teachers in High-Poverty Schools in a Heterogeneous School District: Facilitators and Constraints

    Kennedy, Leigh K.


    The purpose of this study was to clarify the ways that a district used its teacher staffing and professional development policies to increase the supply of effective teachers in high-poverty schools, to determine the efficacy of these policies in the view of district administrators and teachers, and to identify the facilitators and constraints to…

  18. A Geology in School Reform: Past Reforms Interact with New As a School District Implements Shared Decision Making.

    Brouillette, Liane

    This paper summarizes an ethnohistorical study of the way in which a medium-sized suburban school district's implementation of site-based, shared decision making interacted with attitudes and procedures created by earlier district reforms. A second focus is on how the adoption of a new curriculum framework, based on a whole-language philosophy and…

  19. Levels of Leadership: Effects of District and School Leaders on the Quality of School Programs of Family and Community Involvement

    Epstein, Joyce L.; Galindo, Claudia L.; Sheldon, Steven B.


    Purpose: This study tests key constructs of sociocultural and organizational learning theories with quantitative methods to better understand the nature and impact of district and school leadership and actions on the quality of programs of family and community involvement. Research Design: Survey data from a "nested" sample of 24 districts and 407…

  20. Retention Patterns in the Los Angeles Unified School District, 1983-84. Publication No. 456.

    Joubert, Lionel; Weisbender, Leo

    This report provides information on the number and percentage of students retained in grade during the 1983-84 school term in the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD). Data were analyzed from reports filed by all principals and from the LAUSD Racial and Ethnic Survey, Fall 1983. Children's centers, adult schools, occupational centers, and…

  1. Analysis of Mayor Adrian Fenty's Plan for the District of Columbia Public Schools

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2007


    This report summarizes Mayor Fenty's proposed legislation to take over the District of Columbia Public Schools, compares it to actions taken or proposed by the school board, and analyzes the potential of the mayor's plan to fix underlying school system problems identified by the Council in two recent reports. The Council has produced this current…

  2. The Road to Autonomy: Can Schools, Districts, and Central Offices Find Their Way? Education Sector Reports

    Dillon, Erin


    When policymakers begin to think of ways to help schools improve, they often settle on the idea of giving individual schools greater independence. This led to the "site-based management" movement of the 1990s. Today, granting schools autonomy from some or all rules remains a popular strategy for reform. With expanded autonomy, districts let the…

  3. The 7 Components of a Portfolio Strategy. Portfolio School Districts Project

    Center on Reinventing Public Education, 2012


    The portfolio strategy is a performance management model for districts that aims to create dramatic student achievement gains at scale. It centers on creating more high-quality schools regardless of provider, giving schools autonomy over staff and funding, and holding all schools accountable for performance. This one-pager outlines the seven key…

  4. Factors That Influence School Board Policy Making: The Political Context of Student Diversity in Urban-Suburban Districts

    Diem, Sarah; Frankenberg, Erica; Cleary, Colleen


    Purpose: This article examines factors that affect school board policy making about student diversity within two southern urban-suburban school districts experiencing changing demographics: Jefferson County Public Schools and the Wake County Public School System. Both districts have a history of voluntary integration efforts, and research shows…

  5. Similar Districts with Different Results: Using the Baldrige Scale to Understand Outcome Differences in Rural School Districts in the Lower Rio Grande Valley

    Gonzalez, Miguel Angel


    The research for this study describes the organizational characteristics and the personnel behaviors distinctive to high-achieving rural school districts. A comparison between two rural school districts, one high-achieving and the other low-achieving was completed using a survey instrument. The Baldrige National Quality Program instrument was…

  6. Conejo Valley Unified School District Master Plan for an Educational Results Information System.

    Maloney, Dorothy

    The Conejo Valley (CA) Unified School District Educational Results Information System (ERIS), a generalized District master program assessment plan to obtain results information for decision-makers at all levels, has been developed. This plan establishes guidelines, evaluates the current status of the use of educational results information and…

  7. The Structural and Functional Implications of a School District's Creation of Subject Area Supervisor Positions.

    Tracy, Saundra J.


    A case study examined the creation of subject-area supervisory positions in a school district, exploring: ways these positions fit with other positions; teachers', supervisors', and district administrators' views; relationships with instructional programs; and structural issues to consider in creating such positions. (SLD)

  8. Organizing English Learner Instruction in New Immigrant Destinations: District Infrastructure and Subject-Specific School Practice

    Hopkins, Megan; Lowenhaupt, Rebecca; Sweet, Tracy M.


    In the context of shifting demographics and standards-based reform, school districts in new immigrant destinations are charged with designing infrastructures that support teaching and learning for English learners (ELs) in core academic subjects. This article uses qualitative data and social network analysis to examine how one district in the…

  9. Suburban School Districts and Demographic Change: The Technical, Normative, and Political Dimensions of Response

    Holme, Jennifer Jellison; Diem, Sarah; Welton, Anjalé


    Purpose: Suburban school districts have undergone significant demographic shifts over the past several decades. The research literature to date, however, has yet to explore how suburban district leaders are responding to such changes, or examine the factors that shape response. In this article, we apply a "zone of mediation" framework to…

  10. A Case for Sustainable Food Service & Nutrition Education--CONVAL School District (NH)

    Curriculum Review, 2008


    When former chef and food broker, Tony Geraci was invited by his district superintendent to review New Hampshire's largest school food service program, he never imagined that he would be responsible for running one of the nation's most successful sustainable food service programs. The CONVAL District sustainable food program, create by Geraci and…

  11. School Districts, Published in 1995, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Garrett County Planning & Land Development.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This School Districts dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1995. Data by...

  12. Strategic Plan for Sustainable Energy Management and Environmental Stewardship for Los Angeles Unified School District

    Walker, A.; Beattie, D.; Thomas, K.; Davis, K.; Sim, M.; Jhaveri, A.


    This Strategic Plan for Sustainable Energy Management and Environmental Stewardship states goals, measures progress toward goals and how actions are monitored to achieve continuous improvement for the Los Angeles Unified School District.

  13. Path Not Found: Disparities in Access to Computer Science Courses in California High Schools

    Martin, Alexis; McAlear, Frieda; Scott, Allison


    "Path Not Found: Disparities in Access to Computer Science Courses in California High Schools" exposes one of the foundational causes of underrepresentation in computing: disparities in access to computer science courses in California's public high schools. This report provides new, detailed data on these disparities by student body…

  14. Using Assessment Data to Guide Math Course Placement of California Middle School Students

    Huang, Chun-Wei; Snipes, Jason; Finkelstein, Neal


    Middle school math placement and progression are topics that are part of an active policy and practice discussion in California and elsewhere. Beginning in the 2008/09 school year, California's State Board of Education recommended that students complete algebra I by the end of grade 8. Between 2003 and 2009 the proportion of grade 8 students…

  15. Food as a reward in the classroom: school district policies are associated with practices in US public elementary schools.

    Turner, Lindsey; Chriqui, Jamie F; Chaloupka, Frank J


    The use of food as a reward for good student behavior or academic performance is discouraged by many national organizations, yet this practice continues to occur in schools. Our multiyear cross-sectional study examined the use of food as a reward in elementary schools and evaluated the association between district policies and school practices. School data were gathered during the 2007-2008, 2008-2009, and 2009-2010 school years via mail-back surveys (N=2,069) from respondents at nationally representative samples of US public elementary schools (1,525 unique schools, 544 of which also participated for a second year). During every year, the corresponding district policy for each school was gathered and coded for provisions pertaining to the use of food as a reward. School practices did not change over time and as of the 2009-2010 school year, respondents in 42.1% and 40.7% of schools, respectively, indicated that food was not used as a reward for academic performance or for good student behavior. In multivariate logistic regression analyses controlling for school characteristics and year, having a district policy that prohibited the use of food as a reward was significantly associated with school respondents reporting that food was not used as a reward for academic performance (Pfood was not used as a reward than were respondents in the South and Northeast. As of 2009-2010, only 11.9% of the districts in our study prohibited the use of food as a reward. Strengthening district policies may reduce the use of food rewards in elementary schools. PMID:22640775

  16. Characteristics of Public School Districts in the United States: Results From the 2007-08 Schools and Staffing Survey. First Look. NCES 2009-320

    Aritomi, Paola; Coopersmith, Jared; Gruber, Kerry


    This report presents selected findings from the school district data file of the 2007-08 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). SASS is a nationally representative sample survey of public, private, and Bureau of Indian Education-funded (BIE) K-12 schools, principals, and teachers in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The public school sample…

  17. Career Academy Programs in California: Outcomes and Implementation. CPRC Report.

    Maxwell, Nan L.; Rubin, Victor

    The outcomes and implementation of career academy programs in California were examined in a study of one school district's efforts to implement a uniform career academy model in 1990-1996. A cohort of approximately 10,000 students who were sophomores in the district's comprehensive high schools between 1990 and 1993 were followed through high…

  18. Comparison of the enrollment percentages of magnet and non-magnet schools in a large urban school district.

    Emily Arcia


    Full Text Available Are magnet schools in a position to meet diversity ideals? As districts are declared unitary and released from court ordered desegregation, many are framing their commitments to fairness and equity in terms of diversity˜i.e., comparable rates of participation and comparable educational outcomes in all segments the student population. In this study, the enrollment statistics for magnet and contiguous non-magnet public schools in Miami-Dade County Public Schools, a large, urban district that had been released from court ordered desegregation, were compared to each other and to district enrollment averages at two time points: the year the district was declared unitary and four years hence. Findings indicated that within four years of being declared unitary, the gains that the magnet schools had made with regards to Black/non-Black desegregation had eroded substantially. Also, in the four year span, magnet schools had not made significant strides in meeting the diversity ideals adopted by the district at being released from supervision by the court. These findings highlight the difficulty of attaining diversity in student enrollment characteristics when quotas are not used and suggest that recruitment and enrollment policies must be crafted with care if districts are to achieve diversity goals.

  19. 77 FR 10472 - San Bernardino National Forest, Mountaintop Ranger District, California, Mitsubishi South Quarry...


    ..., Lucerne Valley, California 92356 beginning at 7 pm PST, and Tuesday, March 20, 2012 at the Big Bear Discovery Center, 40971 North Shore Drive (Highway 38), Fawnskin, California 92333 beginning at 7 pm PST....


    Sridhar, R.; GANGADEVI S; Chandrasekar, S; RAJAN BABU N


    The causes of primary school children dropouts play a very critical role in the current Indian Educational Scenario. School Dropout not only affects the children's future but also directly affects the families. The aim of the study is to investigate the causes of primary school children dropout in the selected districts of Tamilnadu. The standardized tool Problem Associated with Dropouts in Primary School of D.B.Rao (2004) was reconstructed according to the locality for the assessment. The no...

  1. Promotion of healthy eating at schools in the Federal District of Brazil

    Juliana Rezende Melo da Silva; Bethsáida De Abreu Soares Schmitz; Maria de Lourdes Carlos Ferreirinha Rodrigues; Cristine Garcia Gabriel


    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to describe strategies for the Promotion of Healthy Eating at Public and Private Schools in the Federal District of Brazil. METHODS: A descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out involving 122 Private Schools and 173 Public Schools. The components of health promotion in the school setting were adapted to the context of the promotion of healthy eating, with interviews conducted for the administration of a semi-structured questionna...

  2. Factors Affecting School District Performance Scores in Louisiana

    Harrison, Ronnie


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between District Performance Scores (DPS) in Louisiana and (a) socio-economic status of students, (b) academic achievement using average ACT scores, (c) percentage of certified teachers, (d) district class size, (e) per pupil expenditure, and (f) percentage of minority students in…

  3. The Impact of Tobacco-Free School Policies on Youth Smoking Rates in Florida Public School Districts

    Terry, Amanda; Zhang, Ning Jackie


    Background: Developing and implementing policies to curb and prevent youth tobacco use is of the utmost importance. In Florida, public school districts were authorized to develop tobacco-free school policies through an amendment to the Florida Clean Indoor Air Act in 2011. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of tobacco-free school…

  4. Using Systems Thinking to Leverage Technology for School Improvement: Lessons Learned from Award-Winning Secondary Schools/Districts

    Levin, Barbara B.; Schrum, Lynne


    This paper offers lessons learned about what it takes to successfully leverage technology for school improvement based on a cross-case analysis of eight award-winning secondary schools/districts around the United States. The researchers analyzed data from 150 interviews, 30 focus groups, and more than 300 hours of observation in 150 classrooms,…

  5. Perceptions of the Roles and Challenges of High School Principals in a Diverse Mid-Size School District in Texas

    McWilliams, Rhonda J.


    Other than the superintendent and the district's athletic director, there is no position more visible than the high school principal. Although there is a significant amount of research and information regarding the roles and challenges of principals collectively, there is not as much specific to high school principals. With the role of the…

  6. The Evolution of a Forecasting Model and the Utility for Planning in a Large Metropolitan School District.

    Blair, Billie Goode

    For several decades, school districts have attempted to anticipate and plan for enrollment fluctuations within 5- and 10-year periods. From a variety of humanistic, educational, and budgeting perspectives, total district and school-by-school forecasts and forecasting models must be as accurate as possible. This paper reviews nine historical…

  7. State Water Districts

    California Department of Resources — State Water Project District boundaries are areas where state contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  8. Private Water Districts

    California Department of Resources — Private Water District boundaries are areas where private contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...

  9. The Status of Writing in the District of Columbia Public Schools: 1986-87.

    Stevenson, Zollie, Jr.; Kosmidis, Mary

    To assist in the process of improving writing instruction, a study assessed the status of writing in the District of Columbia Public Schools. The study consisted of four components: a teacher survey; a student survey; principal interviews; and a curriculum assessment. The teacher survey was administered to 897 teachers in 34 schools and the…

  10. Are School Districts Immune to a Weak Economy? Don't Believe It!

    Horner, Jeffrey


    Why should school districts worry about today's down economy? After all, the vast majority of their income comes from state legislatures and local property taxes, with some additional funding from the federal government. This funding is unaffected by downturns in sales, the stock market, and other basic economic indicators. School business…