Sample records for cabench-to-bedside client application


    T R Gopala Krishnan Nair; Dakshayini, M


    In this paper, we propose an efficient client-to-client streaming approach to cooperatively stream the video using chaining technique with unicast communication among the clients. This approach considers two major issues of VoD 1) Prefix caching scheme to accommodate more number of videos closer to client, so that the request-service delay for the user can be minimized. 2) Cooperative proxy and client chaining scheme for streaming the videos using unicasting. This approach minimizes the clien...

  2. Cloud Storage Client Application Analysis

    Rakesh Malik


    Full Text Available The research proposed in this paper focuses on gathering evidence from devices with UNIX/Linux systems (in particular on Ubuntu 14.04 and Android OS, and Windows 8.1, in order to find artifacts left by cloud storage applications that suggests their use even after the deletion of the applications. The work performed aims to expand upon the prior work done by other researches in the field of cloud forensics and to show an example of analysis. We show where and what type of data remnants can be found using our analysis and how this information can be used as evidence in a digital forensic investigation.

  3. Android client application development for existing CRM solution

    Kusyn, Martin


    This bachelor's thesis focuses on the development of client application for Android operating system for mobile devices. The final application serves as a client for RAYNET Cloud CRM, an existing CRM solution. The first part of the thesis contains brief introduction of RAYNET s.r.o. , the creator of RAYNET Cloud CRM, introduction of the CRM system itself and brief description of its functionality and implementation. Requirements of the mobile client application are discussed and its user ...

  4. Creating and optimizing client-server applications on mobile devices

    Anacleto, Ricardo; Luz, Nuno; Almeida, Ana,; Figueiredo, Lino; Novais, Paulo


    Mobile devices are embedded systems with very limited capacities that need to be considered when developing a client-server application, mainly due to technical, ergonomic and economic implications to the mobile user. With the increasing popularity of mobile computing, many developers have faced problems due to low performance of devices. In this paper, we discuss how to optimize and create client-server applications for in wireless/mobile environments, presenting techniques...

  5. Client-Centric Adaptive Scheduling of Service-Oriented Applications

    Jing Wang; Li-Yong Zhang; Yan-Bo Han


    The paper proposes a client-centric computing model that allows for adaptive execution of service-oriented applications. The model can flexibly dispatch application tasks to the client side and the network side, dynamically adjust an execution scheme to adapt to environmental changes, and thus is expected to achieve better scalability, higher performance and more controllable privacy. Scheduling algorithms and the rescheduling strategies are proposed for the model.Experiments show that with the model the performance of service-oriented application execution can be improved.

  6. Design of an application for credit scoring and client suggestion

    Silva, Fábio; Analide, César


    Risk assessment on loan application is vital for many financial institutions. Most financial institutions have already applied methods of credit scoring and risk assessment in order to evaluate their clients in terms. These systems are often based on deterministic or statistical algorithms. In this context, techniques from artificial intelligence and data mining present themselves as valid alternatives to build such classification systems. In this paper some studies are conducted to evaluate ...

  7. An Object-Oriented Framework for Client-Server Applications

    When developing high-level accelerator applications it is often necessary to perform extensive calculations to generate a data set that will be used as an input for other applications. Depending on the size and complexity of these computations, regenerating the interim data sets can introduce errors or otherwise negatively impact system perform. If these computational data sets could be generated in advance and be updated continuously from changes in the accelerator, it could substantially reduce the time and effort required in performing subsequent calculations. UNIX server applications are well suited to accommodate this need by providing a centralized repository for data or computational power. Because of the inherent difficulty in writing a robust server application, the development of the network communications software is often more burdensome than the computational engine. To simplify the task of building a client/server application, we have developed an object-oriented server shell which hides the complexity of the network software development from the programmer. This document will discuss how to implement a complete client/server application using this C++ class library with a minimal understanding of network communications mechanisms

  8. MCIP Client Application for SCADA in Iiot Environment

    Nicoleta Cristina GAITAN


    Full Text Available Modern automation systems architectures which include several subsystems for which an adequate burden sharing is required. These subsystems must work together to fulfil the tasks imposed by the common function, given by the business purpose to be fulfilled. These subsystems or components, in order to perform these tasks, must communicate with each other, this being the critical function of the architecture of such a system. This article presents a MCIP (Monitoring and Control of the Industrial Processes client application which allows the monitoring and control of the industrial processes and which is object-oriented. As a novelty, the paper presents the architecture of the user object, which is actually a wrapper that allows the connection to Communication Standard Interface bus, the characteristics of the IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things object and the correspondence between a server’s address space and the address space of MCIP.

  9. New NED XML/VOtable Services and Client Interface Applications

    Pevunova, O.; Good, J.; Mazzarella, J.; Berriman, G. B.; Madore, B.


    The NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) provides data and cross-identifications for over 7 million extragalactic objects fused from thousands of survey catalogs and journal articles. The data cover all frequencies from radio through gamma rays and include positions, redshifts, photometry and spectral energy distributions (SEDs), sizes, and images. NED services have traditionally supplied data in HTML format for connections from Web browsers, and a custom ASCII data structure for connections by remote computer programs written in the C programming language. We describe new services that provide responses from NED queries in XML documents compliant with the international virtual observatory VOtable protocol. The XML/VOtable services support cone searches, all-sky searches based on object attributes (survey names, cross-IDs, redshifts, flux densities), and requests for detailed object data. Initial services have been inserted into the NVO registry, and others will follow soon. The first client application is a Style Sheet specification for rendering NED VOtable query results in Web browsers that support XML. The second prototype application is a Java applet that allows users to compare multiple SEDs. The new XML/VOtable output mode will also simplify the integration of data from NED into visualization and analysis packages, software agents, and other virtual observatory applications. We show an example SED from NED plotted using VOPlot. The NED website is:

  10. Application Concept : Improvement of a UX-Design Office’s Client Experience Through Gamification

    Johansson, Juha


    The purpose of this study was to find ways to improve the client experience of Linja Design Office through application design. In a design office like Linja Design client meetings may take longer than planned and the clients of the following meetings may need to wait for their contact person. Therefore Linja Design assigned the author to study if there were ways to improve the experience of the situation. Linja as a design studio also believes strongly in gamification and therefore this study...

  11. Using a Framework to develop Client-Side App : A Javascript Framework for cross-platform application

    Shakya, Udeep


    This project aims to study the comfort of using a framework to develop client side applications based on Hypertext Markup Language 5 (HTML5), Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript technology. The application tends to serve both as a web client application and a mobile client application for multiple platforms. A survey answering application which fetches questions (texts) from an Application Programming Interface (API) in the application server and uploads text, sound, video and picture...

  12. Web Applications Security : A security model for client-side web applications

    Prabhakara, Deepak


    The Web has evolved to support sophisticated web applications. These web applications are exposed to a number of attacks and vulnerabilities. The existing security model is unable to cope with these increasing attacks and there is a need for a new security model that not only provides the required security but also supports recent advances like AJAX and mashups. The attacks on client-side Web Applications can be attributed to four main reasons – 1) lack of a security context for Web Browsers...

  13. The First Android Client Application for the iLab Shared Architecture

    Bogdan-Alexandru Deaky


    Full Text Available This paper presents the first Android client application developed for online laboratories based on the iLab Shared Architecture. An important challenge was to properly connect to the ISA Service Broker, because its current version was developed with browser-based client applications in mind. The application was successfully tested on a few real-world mobile devices and the experience gained represents the basis for future changes in the Service Broker and for future teleengineering applications that involve Android.

  14. Prevention Of Cross-Site Scripting Attacks XSS On Web Applications In The Client Side

    S Shalini


    Full Text Available Cross Site Scripting (XSS Attacks are currently the most popular security problems in modern web applications. These Attacks make use of vulnerabilities in the code of web-applications, resulting in serious consequences, such as theft of cookies, passwords and other personal credentials. Cross-Site scripting (XSS Attacks occur when accessing information in intermediate trusted sites. Client side solution acts as a web proxy to mitigate Cross Site Scripting Attacks which manually generated rules to mitigate Cross Site Scripting attempts. Client side solution effectively protects against information leakage from the userand#039;s environment. Cross Site Scripting (XSS Attacks are easy to execute, but difficult to detect and prevent. This paper provides client-side solution to mitigate crosssite scripting Attacks. The existing client-side solutions degrade the performance of clientand#039;s system resulting in a poor web surfing experience. In this project provides a client side solution that uses a step by step approach to protect cross site scripting, without degrading much the userand#039;s web browsing experience.

  15. Cross-platform development of the Smart Client application with Qt framework and QtQuick

    Krajewski, Marek


    In this thesis the Qt Framework is evaluated as the tool that can support the crossplatform development of desktop, mobile and embedded applications. Hence, a hybrid client application is developed to assess its capabilities for creating a product providing a good user experience on a wide range of the target devices. The application is required to demonstrate implementation of the Graphical User Interface, network communication with a server and access to the native development e...

  16. How to Use a Desktop Version of a DBMS for Client-Server Applications

    Julian VASILEV


    DBMS (Data base management systems) still have a very high price for small and middle enterprises in Bulgaria. Desktop versions are free but they cannot function in multi-user environment. We will try to make an application server which will make a Desktop version of a DBMS open to many users. Thus, this approach will be appropriate for client-server applications. The author of the article gives a concise observation of the problem and a possible way of solution.

  17. LISA, the next generation: from a web-based application to a fat client.

    Pierlet, Noëlla; Aerts, Werner; Vanautgaerden, Mark; Van den Bosch, Bart; De Deurwaerder, André; Schils, Erik; Noppe, Thomas


    The LISA application, developed by the University Hospitals Leuven, permits referring physicians to consult the electronic medical records of their patients over the internet in a highly secure way. We decided to completely change the way we secured the application, discard the existing web application and build a completely new application, based on the in-house developed hospital information system, used in the University Hospitals Leuven. The result is a fat Java client, running on a Windows Terminal Server, secured by a commercial SSL-VPN solution. PMID:18953122

  18. A Proposal of Client Application Architecture using Loosely Coupled Component Connection Method in Banking Branch System

    Someya, Harushi; Mori, Yuichi; Abe, Masahiro; Machida, Isamu; Hasegawa, Atsushi; Yoshie, Osamu

    Due to the deregulation of financial industry, the branches in banking industry need to shift to the sales-oriented bases from the operation-oriented bases. For corresponding to this movement, new banking branch systems are being developed. It is the main characteristics of new systems that we bring the form operations that have traditionally been performed at each branch into the centralized operation center for the purpose of rationalization and efficiency of the form operations. The branches treat a wide variety of forms. The forms can be described by common items in many cases, but the items include the different business logic and each form has the different relation among the items. And there is a need to develop the client application by user oneself. Consequently the challenge is to arrange the development environment that is high reusable, easy customizable and user developable. We propose a client application architecture that has a loosely coupled component connection method, and allows developing the applications by only describing the screen configurations and their transitions in XML documents. By adopting our architecture, we developed client applications of the centralized operation center for the latest banking branch system. Our experiments demonstrate good performances.

  19. An Evaluation of the Eclipse Rich Client Platform for a telecom management application

    Frising, Philip


    The Software Management Organizer (SMO) application is used by telecom operators for remote software and hardware handling of telecommunication equipment. The graphical user interface (GUI) provided by SMO is called SMO GUI and is costly to maintain, extend and test.The Eclipse Rich Client Platform (RCP) provides a platform for building component based GUIs with rich functionality. This thesis is to evaluate how the Eclipse RCP can be used for building a new SMO GUI. The evaluation will be pe...

  20. NSLS-II High Level Application Infrastructure And Client API Design

    The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the

  1. Structuring modern web applications : A study of how to structure web clients to achieve modular, maintainable and longlived applications



    This degree project, conducted at Decerno AB, investigates what can be done to create client side web applications that are maintainable for a long time. The focus is on basing the application on an existing framework which both simplifies the development process and helps keeping the application well structured. Which framework is currently the best is evaluated using a comparison between the currently most popular frameworks. The comparison is done using a set of categories that is defined ...

  2. Software Applications to Access Earth Science Data: Building an ECHO Client

    Cohen, A.; Cechini, M.; Pilone, D.


    Historically, developing an ECHO (NASA’s Earth Observing System (EOS) ClearingHOuse) client required interaction with its SOAP API. SOAP, as a framework for web service communication has numerous advantages for Enterprise applications and Java/C# type programming languages. However, as interest has grown for quick development cycles and more intriguing “mashups,” ECHO has seen the SOAP API lose its appeal. In order to address these changing needs, ECHO has introduced two new interfaces facilitating simple access to its metadata holdings. The first interface is built upon the OpenSearch format and ESIP Federated Search framework. The second interface is built upon the Representational State Transfer (REST) architecture. Using the REST and OpenSearch APIs to access ECHO makes development with modern languages much more feasible and simpler. Client developers can leverage the simple interaction with ECHO to focus more of their time on the advanced functionality they are presenting to users. To demonstrate the simplicity of developing with the REST API, participants will be led through a hands-on experience where they will develop an ECHO client that performs the following actions: + Login + Provider discovery + Provider based dataset discovery + Dataset, Temporal, and Spatial constraint based Granule discovery + Online Data Access

  3. MstApp, a rich client control applications framework at DESY

    The control systems for PETRA 3 (a dedicated synchrotron machine) and its pre-accelerators extensively use rich clients for the control room and the servers. Most of them are written with the help of a rich client Java framework: MstApp. They totalize 106 different consoles and 158 individual server applications. MstApp takes care of many common control system application aspects beyond communication. MstApp provides a common look and feel: core menu items, a colour scheme for standard states of hardware components and predefined standardized screen sizes/locations. It interfaces our console application manager (CAM) and displays on demand our communication link diagnostics tools. MstApp supplies an accelerator context for each application; it handles printing, logging, re-sizing and unexpected application crashes. Due to our standardized deploy process MstApp applications know their individual developers and can even send them - on button press of the users - E-mails. Further a concept of different operation modes is implemented: view only, operating and expert use. Administration of the corresponding rights is done via web access of a database server. Initialization files on a web server are instantiated as JAVA objects with the help of the Java SE XML-Decoder. Data tables are read with the same mechanism. New MstApp applications can easily be created with in house wizards like the NewProjectWizard or the DeviceServerWizard. MstApp improves the operator experience, application developer productivity and delivered software quality. (authors)

  4. Exchanging the Context between OGC Geospatial Web clients and GIS applications using Atom

    Maso, Joan; Díaz, Paula; Riverola, Anna; Pons, Xavier


    Currently, the discovery and sharing of geospatial information over the web still presents difficulties. News distribution through website content was simplified by the use of Really Simple Syndication (RSS) and Atom syndication formats. This communication exposes an extension of Atom to redistribute references to geospatial information in a Spatial Data Infrastructure distributed environment. A geospatial client can save the status of an application that involves several OGC services of different kind and direct data and share this status with other users that need the same information and use different client vendor products in an interoperable way. The extensibility of the Atom format was essential to define a format that could be used in RSS enabled web browser, Mass Market map viewers and emerging geospatial enable integrated clients that support Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) services. Since OWS Context has been designed as an Atom extension, it is possible to see the document in common places where Atom documents are valid. Internet web browsers are able to present the document as a list of items with title, abstract, time, description and downloading features. OWS Context uses GeoRSS so that, the document can be to be interpreted by both Google maps and Bing Maps as items that have the extent represented in a dynamic map. Another way to explode a OWS Context is to develop an XSLT to transform the Atom feed into an HTML5 document that shows the exact status of the client view window that saved the context document. To accomplish so, we use the width and height of the client window, and the extent of the view in world (geographic) coordinates in order to calculate the scale of the map. Then, we can mix elements in world coordinates (such as CF-NetCDF files or GML) with elements in pixel coordinates (such as WMS maps, WMTS tiles and direct SVG content). A smarter map browser application called MiraMon Map Browser is able to write a context document and read




    Full Text Available This paper discusses an application of Secure Remote Client Authentication. It presents a Smart Cards and Digitally certification from third party vendors, Smart cards are based on algorithm to provide secure Remote client Authentication. These schemes vary significantly.In relation to today’s security challenges, which includephishing, man-in-the-middle attacks and malicious software. Secure Remote Client authentication plays a key role.


    K.Pradeep,; R.Usha Rani; E.Ravi Kumar; K.Nikhila,; Vijay Sankar


    This paper discusses an application of Secure Remote Client Authentication. It presents a Smart Cards and Digitally certification from third party vendors, Smart cards are based on algorithm to provide secure Remote client Authentication. These schemes vary significantly.In relation to today’s security challenges, which includephishing, man-in-the-middle attacks and malicious software. Secure Remote Client authentication plays a key role.

  7. Exploring client logs towards characterizing the user behavior on web applications

    Guarino de Vasconcelos, Leandro; Coelho dos Santos, Rafael D.; Baldochi, Laercio A.


    Analysis of user interaction with computer systems can be used for several purposes, the most common being analysis of the effectiveness of the interfaces used for interaction (in order to adapt or enhance its usefulness) and analysis of intention and behavior of the users when interacting with these systems. For web applications, often the analysis of user interaction is done using the web server logs collected for every document sent to the user in response to his/her request. In order to capture more detailed data on the users' interaction with sites, one could collect actions the user performs in the client side. An effective approach to this is the USABILICS system, which also allows the definition and analysis of tasks in web applications. The fine granularity of logs collected by USABILICS allows a much more detailed log of users' interaction with a web application. These logs can be converted into graphs where vertices are users' actions and edges are paths made by the user to accomplish a task. Graph analysis and visualization tools and techniques allow the analysis of actions taken in relation to an expected action path, or characterization of common (and uncommon) paths on the interaction with the application. This paper describes how to estimate users' behavior and characterize their intentions during interaction with a web application, presents the analysis and visualization tools on those graphs and shows some practical results with an educational site, commenting on the results and implications of the possibilities of using these techniques.

  8. Bitcoin clients

    Skudnov, Rostislav


    Bitcoin is a new decentralized electronic currency which gained popularity in the last two years. The usage of Bitcoin is facilitated by software commonly called Bitcoin clients. This thesis provides an overview of Bitcoin and cryptography behind it, discusses different types of Bitcoin clients and researches additional features implemented by them. It also analyzes further enhancements that can be made to clients and the Bitcoin protocol. Bitcoin clients are grouped into types and analyz...

  9. Thin-Client/Server计算模式在社区图书馆中的应用%The Application in the Community Library with Thin-Client/Server

    赵秀丽; 杨静; 马爱华; 秦梅素



  10. Application of Windows Socket Technique to Communication Process of the Train Diagram Network System Based on Client/Server Structure


    This paper is focused on the technique for design and realization of the process communications about the computer-aided train diagram network system. The Windows Socket technique is adopted to program for the client and the server to create system applications and solve the problems of data transfer and data sharing in the system.

  11. The Application of Genetic Algorithms and Multidimensional Distinguishing Model in Forecasting and Evaluating Credits for Mobile Clients

    Li Zhan; Xu Ji-sheng


    To solve the arrearage problem that puzzled most of the mobile corporations, we propose an approach to forecast and evaluate the credits for mobile clients, devising a method that is of the coalescence of genetic algorithm and multidimensional distinguishing model. In the end of this pa-per, a result of a testing application in Zhuhai Branch, GMCC was provided. The precision of the forecasting and evaluation of the client's credit is near 90%. This study is very signifi-cant to the mobile communication corporation at all levels.The popularization of the techniques and the result would pro-duce great benefits of both society and economy.

  12. The Application of Genetic Algorithms and Multidimensional Distinguishing Model in Forecasting and Evaluating Credits for Mobile Clients

    LiZhan; XuJi-sheng


    To solve the arrearage problem that puzzled most of the mobile corporations, we propose an approach to forecast and evaluate the credits for mobile clients, devising a method that is of the coalescence of genetic algorithm and multidimensional distinguishing model. In the end of this paper, a result of a testing application in Zhuhai Branch, GMCC was provided. The precision of the forecasting and evaluation of the client's credit is near 90%. This study is very significant to the mobile communication corporation at all levels.The popularization o{ the techniques and the result would produce great benefits of both society and economy.

  13. Client Perspective

    Training Sections can best serve the needs of their clients by encouraging them to recognize that self-determination and overall training program ownership are the key ingredients of a successful program. In a support role, Training Sections should provide excellent lesson plans and instructors, good record keeping, and feedback vehicles. Most importantly, Training Sections should communicate closely with their clients and provide maximum flexibility to support overall client responsibilities

  14. Thin-Client/Server架构在图书馆中的应用%Application of Thin- Client/Server in Library




  15. Patterns of client behavior with their most recent male escort: an application of latent class analysis.

    Grov, Christian; Starks, Tyrel J; Wolff, Margaret; Smith, Michael D; Koken, Juline A; Parsons, Jeffrey T


    Research examining interactions between male escorts and clients has relied heavily on data from escorts, men working on the street, and behavioral data aggregated over time. In the current study, 495 clients of male escorts answered questions about sexual behavior with their last hire. Latent class analysis identified four client sets based on these variables. The largest (n = 200, 40.4 %, labeled Typical Escort Encounter) included men endorsing behavior prior research found typical of paid encounters (e.g., oral sex and kissing). The second largest class (n = 157, 31.7 %, Typical Escort Encounter + Erotic Touching) included men reporting similar behaviors, but with greater variety along a spectrum of touching (e.g., mutual masturbation and body worship). Those classed BD/SM and Kink (n = 76, 15.4 %) reported activity along the kink spectrum (BD/SM and role play). Finally, men classed Erotic Massage Encounters (n = 58, 11.7 %) primarily engaged in erotic touch. Clients reporting condomless anal sex were in the minority (12.2 % overall). Escorts who engage in anal sex with clients might be appropriate to train in HIV prevention and other harm reduction practices-adopting the perspective of "sex workers as sex educators." PMID:24777440

  16. Server-side verification of client behavior in cryptographic protocols

    Chi, Andrew; Cochran, Robert; Nesfield, Marie; Reiter, Michael K.; Sturton, Cynthia


    Numerous exploits of client-server protocols and applications involve modifying clients to behave in ways that untampered clients would not, such as crafting malicious packets. In this paper, we demonstrate practical verification of a cryptographic protocol client's messaging behavior as being consistent with the client program it is believed to be running. Moreover, we accomplish this without modifying the client in any way, and without knowing all of the client-side inputs driving its behav...

  17. Design and Test of Application-Specific Integrated Circuits by use of Mobile Clients

    Michael Auer


    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to develop a simultaneous multi user access system – READ (Remote ASIC Design and Test that allows users to perform test and measurements remotely via clients running on mobile devices as well as on standard PCs. The system also facilitates the remote design of circuits with the PAC-Designer The system is controlled by LabVIEW and was implemented using a Data Acquisition Card from National instruments. Such systems are specially suited for manufacturing process monitoring and control. The performance of the simultaneous access was tested under load with a variable number of users. The server implements a queue that processes user’s commands upon request.

  18. Design and implementation of a cartographic client application for mobile devices using SVG Tiny and J2ME

    Hui, L.; Behr, F.-J.; Schröder, D.


    The dissemination of digital geospatial data is available now on mobile devices such as PDAs (personal digital assistants) and smart-phones etc. The mobile devices which support J2ME (Java 2 Micro Edition) offer users and developers one open interface, which they can use to develop or download the software according their own demands. Currently WMS (Web Map Service) can afford not only traditional raster image, but also the vector image. SVGT (Scalable Vector Graphics Tiny) is one subset of SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) and because of its precise vector information, original styling and small file size, SVGT format is fitting well for the geographic mapping purpose, especially for the mobile devices which has bandwidth net connection limitation. This paper describes the development of a cartographic client for the mobile devices, using SVGT and J2ME technology. Mobile device will be simulated on the desktop computer for a series of testing with WMS, for example, send request and get the responding data from WMS and then display both vector and raster format image. Analyzing and designing of System structure such as user interface and code structure are discussed, the limitation of mobile device should be taken into consideration for this applications. The parsing of XML document which is received from WMS after the GetCapabilities request and the visual realization of SVGT and PNG (Portable Network Graphics) image are important issues in codes' writing. At last the client was tested on Nokia S40/60 mobile phone successfully.

  19. Client-Side Monitoring for Web Mining.

    Fenstermacher, Kurt D.; Ginsburg, Mark


    Discusses mining Web data to draw conclusions about Web users and proposes a client-side monitoring system that supports flexible data collection and encompasses client-side applications beyond the Web browser to incorporate standard office productivity tools. Highlights include goals for client-side monitoring; framework for user monitoring,…

  20. The Application of Smart Phone Client in the Library%智能手机客户端在图书馆中的应用

    楼向英; 施干卫; 高春玲


    手机图书馆现有的技术模式主要有SMS、WAP网站、二维码应用和智能手机的应用开发.智能手机的应用开发可简单地分成两类:一是Web应用;二是桌面应用,即手机客户端.文章调研了智能手机客户端在国内外图书馆的应用情况,认为以iPhone和Android智能手机为主的手机客户端开发模式将渐成潮流.%Nowadays the technology patterns for mobile library are mainly SMS, WAP, 2D barcode and smart phone application. The smart phone application simply fells into two types: web application and desk application, which is also mobile phone client The article focuses on the development of mobile phone client for libraries around the world and considers that the development of smart phone client based iPhone and Android will gradually become the trend.

  1. Client Centred Desing

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Nielsen, Janni; Levinsen, Karin


    In this paper we argue for the use of Client Centred preparation phases when designing complex systems. Through Client Centred Design human computer interaction can extend the focus on end-users to alse encompass the client's needs, context and resources.......In this paper we argue for the use of Client Centred preparation phases when designing complex systems. Through Client Centred Design human computer interaction can extend the focus on end-users to alse encompass the client's needs, context and resources....

  2. The clients perspective: Client and owner

    After Nine Mile Points' Licensed Operator Requalification Program was declared unsatisfactory by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the importance of quality training (the clients need) took on new meaning. During a year of recovery, the clients needs were determined, and training responded. The end result was a strong program, with ownership in the right place

  3. HTML thin client and transactions

    Touchette, J F


    When writing applications for thin clients such as Web browsers, you face several challenges that do not exist with fat-client applications written in Visual Basic, Delphi, or Java. For one thing, your development tools do not include facilities for automatically building reliable, nonrepeatable transactions into applications. Consequently, you must devise your own techniques to prevent users from transmitting duplicate transactions. The author explains how to implement reliable, nonrepeatable transactions using a technique that is applicable to any Java Server Development Kit based architecture. Although the examples presented are based on the IBM WebSphere 2.1 Application Server, they do not make use of any IBM WebSphere extensions. In short, the concepts presented here can be implemented in Perl CGI and ASP scripts, and the sample code has been tested with JDK 1.1.6 and 1.2. (0 refs).

  4. Web Service Clients on Mobile Android Devices: A Study on Architectural Alternatives and Client Performance

    Knutsen, Johannes


    This paper studies Android, a new open source software stack initiated by Google, and the possibilities of developing a mobile client for MPower, a service oriented architecture platform based upon SOAP messaging. The study focuses on the architectural alternatives, their impacts on the mobile client application, Android’s performance on SOAP messaging, and how Web services’ design can be optimized to give well performing Android clients. The results from this study shows how different arch...

  5. Based on Technology of Client/Server Data Integrity Constraints Research and Application%基于Client/Server数据完整性约束的技术研究与应用



    讨论基于Client/Server结构的数据完整性约束,必须建立完整性约束机制,探讨数据完整性约束及其如何实现.根据多年来开发基于Client/Server结构的信息管理系统的经验,并以SQL Server、VB为平台,介绍管理信息系统实现数据完整性约束的方法.

  6. Perceived Counselor Characteristics, Client Expectations, and Client Satisfaction with Counseling.

    Heppner, P. Paul; Heesacker, Martin


    Examined interpersonal influence process within counseling including relationship between perceived counselor expertness, attractiveness, and trustworthiness and client satisfaction; between client expectations on perceived counselor expertness, attractiveness, trustworthiness, and client satisfaction; and effects of actual counselor experience…

  7. Client Centred Design

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Nielsen, Janni; Tweddell Levinsen, Karin


    Abstract In this paper the Human Computer Interaction (HCI) Research Group reports on the pre-phase of an e-learning project, which was carried out in collaboration with the client. The project involved an initial exploration of the problem spaces, possibilities and challenges for an online...... on resources and competencies already existing in the client organisation. We asked: What is it we know? Uncovering the prerequisites and background of and with the client allowed us concurrently to identify: What do we not know? Working iteratively in collaboration with the client, allowed us to...... build on existing resources and networks, suggesting a design, which also included end-users community needs and work-context. Our argument is that if a preparation phase both seeks to confirm knowledge and contemplate what is not yet known, giving attention to the context and need of the client (i...

  8. El cliente interno

    Juan J. López Sobejano


    Desde hace unos años se han incrementado las referencias teóricas a conceptos como “marketing relacional”, “marketing interno” o “cliente interno”, todas ellas relacionadas entre sí. La utilización de estas nuevas construcciones conceptuales refleja un nuevo enfoque de las relaciones empresa-cliente que en ocasiones no se materializa en el día a día.En concreto la expresión “cliente interno” no hace sino mostrar una nueva forma de entender el proceso de producción, principalmente en empresas ...

  9. Campaign Consultants - Client Payments

    City of San Francisco — Campaign Consultants are required to report ���economic consideration�۝ promised by or received from clients in exchange for campaign consulting services during the...

  10. Helping clients build credit

    Vikki Frank


    Until now people who repaid loans from community groups had not been on credit bureaus’ radar. Now Credit Builders Alliance is partnering with Experian to help clients of community lenders build strong credit histories.

  11. MS Client在无光驱实验室的应用%Application of MS Client in no CD-ROM laboratory



    在有盘DOS工作站上安装MS Client(Microsoft Network Client V3.0 for MSDOS),以使其能连接到终端服务器、并能共享终端服务器的资源,解决计算机无光驱安装操作系统问题.

  12. La contrainte client

    Guillaume Tiffon


    Full Text Available Cet article montre que le contact client a beau être ambivalent, dans la mesure où il est à la fois source de contrainte et de reconnaissance, dans certains cas, comme celui des caissières, il constitue avant tout une contrainte, en ce que les clients contrôlent le travail qui s’opère « sous leurs yeux », tandis que, dans d’autres cas, comme celui des kinésithérapeutes, il contribue avant tout à donner du sens au travail et, par là, à susciter l’engagement des travailleurs. L’article souligne ainsi combien la contrainte client revêt des modalités différentes selon la configuration, spatiale et temporelle, dans laquelle se déroule la relation de service, et le différentiel de compétences entre les protagonistes engagés dans cette relation.The client constraint. A comparative analysis of cashiers and physiotherapistsThis article shows that despite the ambivalence of client contact, insofar as it is both a source of constraint and recognition, in some cases, as the ones of cashiers, it isprimarily a constraint: clients control the work that takes place “before their eyes”, whereas in other cases – as in the ones of physiotherapists – it contributes to give meaning to work and, thereby, to arouse the commitment of workers. The article highlights how the client constraint takes on different forms depending on thespatial and temporal configuration where the service relation runs, and the skills differential between the protagonists involved in this relation.El apremio de los clientes. Análisis comparativo entre las cajeras de supermercado y los kinesiterapeutasEn este artículo se demuestra que aunque el contacto con los clientes puede ser percibido como agradable, en realidad en la mayoría de los casos el cliente es percibido como un peso puesto que estos « controlan » visualmente el trabajo de las cajeras mientras que en otras profesiones como es el caso de los kinesiterapeutas la presencia del paciente

  13. The Development of Mobile Client Application in Yogyakarta Tourism and Culinary Information System Based on Social Media Integration

    Novrian Fajar Hidayat


    Full Text Available Social network is currently being an important part of someone. Many of users in social network make it an effective publication. One of many things that can be published on social network is tourism. Indonesia has a lot of tourism and culinary, especially on Special District of Yogyakarta.Tourism and culinary resources on Yogyakarta can be published and shared using social network. In addition, development of mobile technology and smartphone make easier to access social network through internet. The release of Windows Phone 7 makes new color in the world of smartphone. Windows Phone 7comes with elegant interface, Metro Style. Besides that, standardized specification makes Windows Phone 7 suitable for integrating social network with tourism and culinary on Special District of Yogyakarta. This Research is expected to integrate social network with tourism and culinary on Yogyakarta. The method in this research is using ICONIX method. This method is one method that combines waterfall and agile methods. The results of this study are in the form of applications that run on Windows Phone 7 and consume a web service. This application provides information especially for tourist in order to be able to easily find culinary and tourism in Yogyakarta.

  14. Cliente Moodle para Android

    Castillo Montaño, Enrique


    Este Proyecto consiste en la creación de una aplicación que nos permite acceder a sitios Moodle desde un terminal Android. No está orientado a un solo sitio Moodle, el cliente es genérico. La aplicación es software libre

  15. Counseling Bisexual Clients.

    Smiley, Elizabeth B.


    Provides a brief conceptual statement about bisexuality. Offers a review of existing research studies, and suggests issues to consider when counseling bisexual clients. Defines bisexuality and discusses prevalence studies, identity development, and implications for counseling. Claims that bisexuality challenges traditional rules about sexual…

  16. Training Evaluation: Clients' Roles.

    Hashim, Junaidah


    A study was conducted of 262 training providers in Malaysia, where providers must be government approved. Government regulation, client demands for high quality, and an economic downturn that focused attention on training costs have all influenced evaluation in a positive direction. (SK)

  17. Client Perceptions of Pretreatment Change

    Kindsvatter, Aaron; Osborn, Cynthia J.; Bubenzer, Donald; Duba, Jill D.


    The authors suggest that when counselors have a rich understanding of pretreatment changes, they are better able to assist clients in capitalizing on such changes. The current study examined client perceptions of pretreatment changes. Thirty-six clients completed Q-sorts pertaining to pretreatment changes they experienced. Four factors pertaining…

  18. Modular Workflow Engine for Distributed Services using Lightweight Java Clients

    Vetter, R -M; Peetz, J -V


    In this article we introduce the concept and the first implementation of a lightweight client-server-framework as middleware for distributed computing. On the client side an installation without administrative rights or privileged ports can turn any computer into a worker node. Only a Java runtime environment and the JAR files comprising the workflow client are needed. To connect all clients to the engine one open server port is sufficient. The engine submits data to the clients and orchestrates their work by workflow descriptions from a central database. Clients request new task descriptions periodically, thus the system is robust against network failures. In the basic set-up, data up- and downloads are handled via HTTP communication with the server. The performance of the modular system could additionally be improved using dedicated file servers or distributed network file systems. We demonstrate the design features of the proposed engine in real-world applications from mechanical engineering. We have used ...

  19. Client Centred Design

    Ørngreen, Rikke N.; Nielsen, Janni; Levinsen, Karin


    Abstract In this paper the Human Computer Interaction (HCI) Research Group reports on the pre-phase of an e-learning project, which was carried out in collaboration with the client. The project involved an initial exploration of the problem spaces, possibilities and challenges for an online accredited Continued Medical Education (CME) programme at the Lundbeck Institute. The CME programme aims at end-users, which are primarily general practitioners, but also specialists (psychiatrist and psyc...

  20. Unpacking the Client(s): Constructions, Positions and Client-Consultant Dynamics

    Alvesson, Mats; Kärreman, Dan; Sturdy, Andrew; Handley, Karen


    Increasing attention is being given to professional services in organisation and management theory. Whether the focus is on organisational forms or service processes such as knowledge transfer, the role of clients is often seen as central. However, typically, clients continue to be presented in a largely static, pre-structured and even monolithic way. While some recognition is given to the diversity of organisational clients and, to a lesser extent, individual clients, little attention has be...

  1. Architectural models for client interaction on service-oriented platforms

    Bonino da Silva Santos, L.O.; Ferreira Pires, L.; Sinderen, van M.J.; Sinderen, van M.J.


    Service-oriented platforms can provide different levels of functionality to the client applications as well as different interaction models. Depending on the platform’s goals and the computing capacity of their expected clients the platform functionality can range from just an interface to support t

  2. Facet Analysis of the Client Needs Assessment Instrument.

    Dancer, L. Suzanne; Stanley, Lawrence R.

    The structure of the revised Client Needs Assessment Instrument (CNAI) is examined. In 1978-79, the Texas Department of Human Resources (DHR) developed the CNAI to provide an index of applicants' and clients' capacity for self-care by measuring the respondents' levels of functioning in: (1) physical health; (2) daily living activities; (3) mental…

  3. Introduction to ASPNET 4 AJAX Client Templates

    Shoemaker, Craig


    This Wrox Blox will teach you how to create and customize ASP.NET 4 AJAX Preview 4 Client Templates. The author shows you how to use declarative as well as imperative data-binding techniques to address the simple to advanced UI requirements. He also covers how the observer pattern is fully implemented in ASP.NET 4 AJAX and, when used in conjunction with the Client Template markup extensions, provides a developer experience much like XAML-based applications like WPF and Silverlight. This Wrox Blox walks you through how to implement examples that fetch data from ASP.NET Web Forms using Page Meth

  4. Client/server study

    Dezhgosha, Kamyar; Marcus, Robert; Brewster, Stephen


    The goal of this project is to find cost-effective and efficient strategies/solutions to integrate existing databases, manage network, and improve productivity of users in a move towards client/server and Integrated Desktop Environment (IDE) at NASA LeRC. The project consisted of two tasks as follows: (1) Data collection, and (2) Database Development/Integration. Under task 1, survey questionnaires and a database were developed. Also, an investigation on commercially available tools for automated data-collection and net-management was performed. As requirements evolved, the main focus has been task 2 which involved the following subtasks: (1) Data gathering/analysis of database user requirements, (2) Database analysis and design, making recommendations for modification of existing data structures into relational database or proposing a common interface to access heterogeneous databases(INFOMAN system, CCNS equipment list, CCNS software list, USERMAN, and other databases), (3) Establishment of a client/server test bed at Central State University (CSU), (4) Investigation of multi-database integration technologies/ products for IDE at NASA LeRC, and (5) Development of prototypes using CASE tools (Object/View) for representative scenarios accessing multi-databases and tables in a client/server environment. Both CSU and NASA LeRC have benefited from this project. CSU team investigated and prototyped cost-effective/practical solutions to facilitate NASA LeRC move to a more productive environment. CSU students utilized new products and gained skills that could be a great resource for future needs of NASA.

  5. Love Me Clients!.

    Mora Casas, Javier


    Avanttic Consultoría Tecnológica ha desarrollado una idea y emprendido una iniciativa con la creación de un convenio FORTE con la Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha para llevar a cabo un proyecto y he sido yo en quien han confiado para su ejecución. La aplicación, Love Me Clients!, pretende ser una plataforma de comunicaciones multicanal para conseguir gestionar publicaciones en redes sociales, email, SMS y Push desde un único punto, obteniendo así un incremento de la prod...

  6. Multi-tiered Client/Server Database Application Based on Web%基于Web的多层客户/服务器数据库应用程序

    李文生; 潘世兵


    讨论基于Web的多层客户/服务器数据库应用计算模型,并提出采用Delphi建立基于Web的多层客户/服务器数据库应用程序的方法和步骤。%This Paper discusses the computing model of multie-tieredclient/server database application based on Web and proposes method and steps for constructing multie-tiered client/server database application based on Web with Delphi.

  7. Teaching job interview skills to retarded clients.

    Hall, C.; Sheldon-Wildgen, J; Sherman, J. A.


    Six retarded adults were taught job application and interview skills including introducing oneself, filling out a standard job application form, answering questions, and asking questions. A combination of instructions, modeling, role playing, and positive and corrective feedback was used across a multiple baseline experimental design. After training, the clients' performance in each area improved substantially over baseline levels. In addition, the newly taught skills appeared to generalize t...

  8. Three-Dimensional Audio Client Library

    Rizzi, Stephen A.


    The Three-Dimensional Audio Client Library (3DAudio library) is a group of software routines written to facilitate development of both stand-alone (audio only) and immersive virtual-reality application programs that utilize three-dimensional audio displays. The library is intended to enable the development of three-dimensional audio client application programs by use of a code base common to multiple audio server computers. The 3DAudio library calls vendor-specific audio client libraries and currently supports the AuSIM Gold-Server and Lake Huron audio servers. 3DAudio library routines contain common functions for (1) initiation and termination of a client/audio server session, (2) configuration-file input, (3) positioning functions, (4) coordinate transformations, (5) audio transport functions, (6) rendering functions, (7) debugging functions, and (8) event-list-sequencing functions. The 3DAudio software is written in the C++ programming language and currently operates under the Linux, IRIX, and Windows operating systems.

  9. Therapist Homophobia, Client Sexual Orientation, and Source of Client HIV Infection as Predictors of Therapist Reactions to Clients with HIV.

    Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Erkis, Andrew J.


    Analyses revealed that therapists responded with less empathy, attributed less responsibility to client for problem solving, assessed client's functioning to be worse, and were less willing to work with client when the client's source of HIV infection was from something other than drugs, when the client was gay, and when the therapist was more…

  10. TOPCAT's TAP Client

    Taylor, Mark


    TAP, the Table Access Protocol, is a Virtual Observatory (VO) protocol for executing queries in remote relational databases using ADQL, an SQL-like query language. It is one of the most powerful components of the VO, but also one of the most complex to use, with an extensive stack of associated standards. We present here recent improvements to the client and GUI for interacting with TAP services from the TOPCAT table analysis tool. As well as managing query submission and result retrieval, the GUI attempts to provide the user with as much help as possible in locating services, understanding service metadata and capabilities, and constructing correct and useful ADQL queries. The implementation and design are, unlike previous versions, both usable and performant even for the largest TAP services.

  11. Group Work with Transgender Clients

    Dickey, Lore M.; Loewy, Michael I.


    Drawing on the existing literature, the authors' research and clinical experiences, and the first author's personal journey as a member and leader of the transgender community, this article offers a brief history of group work with transgender clients followed by suggestions for group work with transgender clients from a social justice…

  12. Channel Access Client Toolbox for Matlab

    This paper reports on MATLAB Channel Access (MCA) Toolbox--MATLAB [1] interface to EPICS Channel Access (CA) client library. We are developing the toolbox for SPEAR3 accelerator controls, but it is of general use for accelerator and experimental physics applications programming. It is packaged as a MATLAB toolbox to allow easy development of complex CA client applications entirely in MATLAB. The benefits include: the ability to calculate and display parameters that use EPICS process variables as inputs, availability of MATLAB graphics tools for user interface design, and integration with the MATLABbased accelerator modeling software - Accelerator Toolbox [2-4]. Another purpose of this paper is to propose a feasible path to a synergy between accelerator control systems and accelerator simulation codes, the idea known as on-line accelerator model

  13. Java ME Clients for XML Web Services



    Full Text Available Using Web services in developing applications has many advantages like the existence of standards, multiple software platforms that support them, and many areas of usage. These advantages derive from the XML and Web technologies. This paper describes the stages in the development of a Web service client for Java ME platform and presents examples based on kSOAP and JSR 172.

  14. Dogmatism within the Counselor-Client Dyad

    Tosi, Donald J.


    Different levels of counselor and client dogmatism combined additively in terms of their effect on client ratings of the relationship. Client ratings of the relationship were progressively higher as more openness occurred in the dyad. (Author)

  15. A Responsive Client for Distributed Visualization

    Bollig, E. F.; Jensen, P. A.; Erlebacher, G.; Yuen, D. A.; Momsen, A. R.


    As grids, web services and distributed computing continue to gain popularity in the scientific community, demand for virtual laboratories likewise increases. Today organizations such as the Virtual Laboratory for Earth and Planetary Sciences (VLab) are dedicated to developing web-based portals to perform various simulations remotely while abstracting away details of the underlying computation. Two of the biggest challenges in portal- based computing are fast visualization and smooth interrogation without over taxing clients resources. In response to this challenge, we have expanded on our previous data storage strategy and thick client visualization scheme [1] to develop a client-centric distributed application that utilizes remote visualization of large datasets and makes use of the local graphics processor for improved interactivity. Rather than waste precious client resources for visualization, a combination of 3D graphics and 2D server bitmaps are used to simulate the look and feel of local rendering. Java Web Start and Java Bindings for OpenGL enable install-on- demand functionality as well as low level access to client graphics for all platforms. Powerful visualization services based on VTK and auto-generated by the WATT compiler [2] are accessible through a standard web API. Data is permanently stored on compute nodes while separate visualization nodes fetch data requested by clients, caching it locally to prevent unnecessary transfers. We will demonstrate application capabilities in the context of simulated charge density visualization within the VLab portal. In addition, we will address generalizations of our application to interact with a wider number of WATT services and performance bottlenecks. [1] Ananthuni, R., Karki, B.B., Bollig, E.F., da Silva, C.R.S., Erlebacher, G., "A Web-Based Visualization and Reposition Scheme for Scientific Data," In Press, Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Modeling Simulation and Visualization Methods (MSV

  16. A Multidatabase System as 4-Tiered Client-Server Distributed Heterogeneous Database System

    Mohammad Ghulam Ali


    In this paper, we describe a multidatabase system as 4-tiered Client-Server DBMS architectures. We discuss their functional components and provide an overview of their performance characteristics. The first component of this proposed system is a web-based interface or Graphical User Interface, which resides on top of the Client Application Program, the second component of the system is a client Application program running in an application server, which resides on top of the Global Database M...

  17. Risk taking among diabetic clients.

    Joseph, D H; Schwartz-Barcott, D; Patterson, B


    Diabetic clients must make daily decisions about their health care needs. Observational and anecdotal evidence suggests that vast differences exist between the kinds of choices diabetic clients make and the kinds of chances they are willing to take. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a diabetic risk-assessment tool. This instrument, which is based on subjective expected utility theory, measures risk-prone and risk-averse behavior. Initial findings from a pilot study of 18 women clients who are on insulin indicate that patterns of risk behavior exist in the areas of exercise, skin care, and diet. PMID:1729123

  18. Client Mobile Software Design Principles for Mobile Learning Systems

    Qing Tan


    Full Text Available In a client-server mobile learning system, client mobile software must run on the mobile phone to acquire, package, and send student’s interaction data via the mobile communications network to the connected mobile application server. The server will receive and process the client data in order to offer appropriate content and learning activities. To develop the mobile learning systems there are a number of very important issues that must be addressed. Mobile phones have scarce computing resources. They consist of heterogeneous devices and use various mobile operating systems, they have limitations with their user/device interaction capabilities, high data communications cost, and must provide for device mobility and portability. In this paper we propose five principles for designing Client mobile learning software. A location-based adaptive mobile learning system is presented as a proof of concept to demonstrate the applicability of these design principles.

  19. GenExp: an interactive web-based genomic DAS client with client-side data rendering.

    Bernat Gel Moreno

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Distributed Annotation System (DAS offers a standard protocol for sharing and integrating annotations on biological sequences. There are more than 1000 DAS sources available and the number is steadily increasing. Clients are an essential part of the DAS system and integrate data from several independent sources in order to create a useful representation to the user. While web-based DAS clients exist, most of them do not have direct interaction capabilities such as dragging and zooming with the mouse. RESULTS: Here we present GenExp, a web based and fully interactive visual DAS client. GenExp is a genome oriented DAS client capable of creating informative representations of genomic data zooming out from base level to complete chromosomes. It proposes a novel approach to genomic data rendering and uses the latest HTML5 web technologies to create the data representation inside the client browser. Thanks to client-side rendering most position changes do not need a network request to the server and so responses to zooming and panning are almost immediate. In GenExp it is possible to explore the genome intuitively moving it with the mouse just like geographical map applications. Additionally, in GenExp it is possible to have more than one data viewer at the same time and to save the current state of the application to revisit it later on. CONCLUSIONS: GenExp is a new interactive web-based client for DAS and addresses some of the short-comings of the existing clients. It uses client-side data rendering techniques resulting in easier genome browsing and exploration. GenExp is open source under the GPL license and it is freely available at

  20. Resistance, Reactance, and the Difficult Client.

    Dowd, E. Thomas; Sanders, Daniel


    Describes effect of client resistance and reactance in counseling and methods for assessing these phenomena. Conceptualizes client symptoms as ego-syntonic, where symptom is consonant with client's self-image, or ego-dystonic, where it is not. Uses concepts in deriving counseling strategies for working with difficult clients according to model…

  1. The ARAC client system: network-based access to ARAC

    The ARAC Client System allows users (such as emergency managers and first responders) with commonly available desktop and laptop computers to utilize the central ARAC system over the Internet or any other communications link using Internet protocols. Providing cost-effective fast access to the central ARAC system greatly expands the availability of the ARAC capability. The ARAC Client system consists of (1) local client applications running on the remote user's computer, and (2) ''site servers'' that provide secure access to selected central ARAC system capabilities and run on a scalable number of dedicated workstations residing at the central facility. The remote client applications allow users to describe a real or potential them-bio event, electronically sends this information to the central ARAC system which performs model calculations, and quickly receive and visualize the resulting graphical products. The site servers will support simultaneous access to ARAC capabilities by multiple users. The ARAC Client system is based on object-oriented client/server and distributed computing technologies using CORBA and Java, and consists of a large number of interacting components

  2. What Makes Underwriting and Non-Underwriting Clients of Brokerage Firms Receive Different Recommendations? An Application of Uplift Random Forest Model

    Shaowen Hua


    Full Text Available I explore company characteristics which explain the difference in analysts’ recommendations for companies that were underwritten (affiliated versus non-underwritten (unaffiliated by analysts’ brokerage firms. Prior literature documents that analysts issue more optimistic recommendations to underwriting clients of analysts’ brokerage employers. Extant research uses regression models to find general associations between recommendations and financial qualities of companies, with or without underwriting relationship. However, regression models cannot identify the qualities that cause the most difference in recommendations between affiliated versus unaffiliated companies. I adopt uplift random forest model, a popular technique in recent marketing and healthcare research, to identify the type of companies that earn analysts’ favor. I find that companies of stable earnings in the past, higher book-to-market ratio, smaller sizes, worsened earnings, and lower forward PE ratio are likely to receive higher recommendations if  they are affiliated with analysts than if they are unaffiliated with analysts. With uplift random forest model, I show that analysts pay more attention on price-related than earnings-related matrices when they value affiliated versus unaffiliated companies. This paper contributes to the literature by introducing an effective predictive model to capital market research and shedding additional light on the usefulness of analysts’ reports.

  3. Bringing the client back in

    Danneris, Sophie; Nielsen, Mathias Herup


    Categorising the ‘job readiness’ of the unemployed client is a task of utmost importance for active labour market policies. Scholarly attention on the topic has mostly focused on either questions of political legitimacy or questions of how categories are practically negotiated in meetings between...... welfare system and client. This paper suggests a comparative design in which the government rhetoric of job readiness is contrasted with findings from a qualitative longitudinal study into the lived experiences of recent welfare reforms in Denmark. Thus, our study set out to explore how job readiness is......-known poststructuralist risk of reducing welfare clients to mere formable objects. Furthermore, the analysis presents a critical view on current categorisation practices, as it strongly and in great detail exemplifies what current government rhetoric fails to address....

  4. Dealing Bandwidth to Mobile Clients Using Games

    Sofokleous, Anastasis A.; Angelides, Marios C.

    This chapter exploits a gaming approach to bandwidth sharing in a network of non-cooperative clients whose aim is to satisfy their selfish objectives and be served in the shortest time and who share limited knowledge of one another. The chapter models this problem as a game in which players consume the bandwidth of a video streaming server. The rest of this chapter is organized in four sections: the proceeding section presents resource allocation taxonomies, following that is a section on game theory, where our approach is sourced from, and its application to resource allocation. The penultimate section presents our gaming approach to resource allocation. The final section concludes.

  5. Open client/server computing and middleware

    Simon, Alan R


    Open Client/Server Computing and Middleware provides a tutorial-oriented overview of open client/server development environments and how client/server computing is being done.This book analyzes an in-depth set of case studies about two different open client/server development environments-Microsoft Windows and UNIX, describing the architectures, various product components, and how these environments interrelate. Topics include the open systems and client/server computing, next-generation client/server architectures, principles of middleware, and overview of ProtoGen+. The ViewPaint environment

  6. Snoezelen: benefits for nursing older clients.

    Morrissey, M; Biela, C


    In this article, the authors examine the possible benefits of Snoezelen for older clients. The authors suggest that nurses can be instrumental in developing and creating innovative therapeutic environments for this vulnerable client group. PMID:9370672

  7. Client/server models for transparent, distributed computational resources

    Client/server models are proposed to address issues of shared resources in a distributed, heterogeneous UNIX environment. Recent development of automated Remote Procedure Call (RPC) interface generator has simplified the development of client/server models. Previously, implementation of the models was only possible at the UNIX socket level. An overview of RPCs and the interface generator will be presented and will include a discussion of generation and installation of remote services, the RPC paradigm, and the three levels of RPC programming. Two applications, the Nuclear Plant Analyzer (NPA) and a fluids simulation using molecular modelling, will be presented to demonstrate how client/server models using RPCs and External Data Representations (XDR) have been used production/computation situations. The NPA incorporates a client/server interface for transferring/translation of TRAC or RELAP results from the UNICOS Cray to a UNIX workstation. The fluids simulation program utilizes the client/server model to access the Cray via a single function allowing it to become a shared co-processor to the workstation application. 5 refs., 6 figs

  8. Client participation in the rehabilitation process

    Wressle, Ewa


    This thesis evaluates the rehabilitation process with respect to client participation. The Swedish version of a client-centred structure, the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), is evaluated from the perspectives of the clients, the occupational therapists and the members of a rehabilitation team. Data have been collected through diaries, the COPM, assessments of ability to perform activities of daily living, mobility, self-assessments of pain and health, interviews with clients...

  9. Client Server design and implementation issues in the Accelerator Control System environment

    In distributed system communication software design, the Client Server model has been widely used. This paper addresses the design and implementation issues of such a model, particularly when used in Accelerator Control Systems. in designing the Client Server model one needs to decide how the services will be defined for a server, what types of messages the server will respond to, which data formats will be used for the network transactions and how the server will be located by the client. Special consideration needs to be given to error handling both on the server and client side. Since the server usually is located on a machine other than the client, easy and informative server diagnostic capability is required. The higher level abstraction provided by the Client Server model simplifies the application writing, however fine control over network parameters is essential to improve the performance. Above mentioned design issues and implementation trade-offs are discussed in this paper

  10. Call center. Centrados en el cliente

    Leal-Alonso-de-Castañeda, José Enrique


    La empresa actual ha de estar preparada para responder al Cliente tal y como éste espera, porque no se busca un cliente puntual, sino un cliente fiel. La globalización de la economía y del acceso a los mercados exige que la empresa sea capaz de atraer al cliente no sólo con un servicio de calidad, sino además con una atención de calidad. La implantación de un Call Center (Centro de Atención al Cliente, Centro de Atención de Llamadas) constituye por todo ello una estrategia de negocio qu...

  11. Collaborating with Your Clients Using Social Media & Mobile Communications

    Typhina, Eli; Bardon, Robert E.; Gharis, Laurie W.


    Many Extension educators are still learning how to effectively integrate social media into their programs. By using the right social media platforms and mobile applications to create engaged, online communities, Extension educators can collaborate with clients to produce and to share information expanding and enhancing their social media and…

  12. Systemic Power, Disciplinary Agency, and Developer–Business Client Relations

    Rowlands, Bruce; Kautz, Karlheinz


    This paper presents Hardy’s multi-dimensional model of power and illustrates its application to the field of IS. Findings from a case study of developer—business client power relations within a large financial institution are presented. Our findings indicate that from the developers’ perspective......, the client exercised near complete control, with developers unwittingly playing a cooperative but submissive role. Our study makes two principal contributions. First, we combine Hardy’s (1996) multi-dimensional power framework and the principles of Pickering’s (1995) version of disciplinary agency to...

  13. Hardened Client Platforms for Secure Internet Banking

    Ronchi, C.; Zakhidov, S.

    We review the security of e-banking platforms with particular attention to the exploitable attack vectors of three main attack categories: Man-in-the-Middle, Man-in-the-PC and Man-in-the-Browser. It will be shown that the most serious threats come from combination attacks capable of hacking any transaction without the need to control the authentication process. Using this approach, the security of any authentication system can be bypassed, including those using SecureID Tokens, OTP Tokens, Biometric Sensors and Smart Cards. We will describe and compare two recently proposed e-banking platforms, the ZTIC and the USPD, both of which are based on the use of dedicated client devices, but with diverging approaches with respect to the need of hardening the Web client application. It will be shown that the use of a Hardened Browser (or H-Browser) component is critical to force attackers to employ complex and expensive techniques and to reduce the strength and variety of social engineering attacks down to physiological fraud levels.

  14. A RAD approach to client/server system development

    The capability, richness, and leverage of inexpensive commercial operating systems, off-the-shelf applications, and powerful developing tools have made building feature-rich client/server systems possible in rapid time and at low cost--ushering in a new level of systems integration not before possible. The authors achieve rapid application development (RAD) by using a flexible and extendible client/service integration framework. The framework provides the means to integrate in-house and third-party software applications with databases and expert-system knowledge bases and, where appropriate, provides communication links among the applications. The authors discuss the integration framework's capabilities, explain its underlying system architecture, and outline the methods and tools used to customize and integrate many diverse applications

  15. Improved materials management through client/server computing

    This paper reports that materials management and procurement impacts every organization within an electric utility from power generation to customer service. An efficient material management and procurement system can help improve productivity and minimize operating costs. It is no longer sufficient to simply automate materials management using inventory control systems. Smart companies are building centralized data warehouses and use the client/server style of computing to provide real time data access. This paper describes how Alabama Power Company, Southern Company Services and Digital Equipment Corporation transformed two existing applications, a purchase order application within DEC's ALL-IN-1 environment and a materials management application within an IBM CICS environment, into a data warehouse - client/server application. An application server is used to overcome incompatibilities between computing environments and provide easy, real-time access to information residing in multi-vendor environments

  16. Client/server approach to image capturing

    Tuijn, Chris; Stokes, Earle


    The diversity of the digital image capturing devices on the market today is quite astonishing and ranges from low-cost CCD scanners to digital cameras (for both action and stand-still scenes), mid-end CCD scanners for desktop publishing and pre- press applications and high-end CCD flatbed scanners and drum- scanners with photo multiplier technology. Each device and market segment has its own specific needs which explains the diversity of the associated scanner applications. What all those applications have in common is the need to communicate with a particular device to import the digital images; after the import, additional image processing might be needed as well as color management operations. Although the specific requirements for all of these applications might differ considerably, a number of image capturing and color management facilities as well as other services are needed which can be shared. In this paper, we propose a client/server architecture for scanning and image editing applications which can be used as a common component for all these applications. One of the principal components of the scan server is the input capturing module. The specification of the input jobs is based on a generic input device model. Through this model we make abstraction of the specific scanner parameters and define the scan job definitions by a number of absolute parameters. As a result, scan job definitions will be less dependent on a particular scanner and have a more universal meaning. In this context, we also elaborate on the interaction of the generic parameters and the color characterization (i.e., the ICC profile). Other topics that are covered are the scheduling and parallel processing capabilities of the server, the image processing facilities, the interaction with the ICC engine, the communication facilities (both in-memory and over the network) and the different client architectures (stand-alone applications, TWAIN servers, plug-ins, OLE or Apple-event driven

  17. Client Involvement in Home Care Practice

    Glasdam, Stinne; Henriksen, Nina; Kjær, Lone;


    Client involvement’ has been a mantra within health policies, education curricula and healthcare institutions over many years, yet very little is known about how ‘client involvement’ is practised in home-care services. The aim of this article is to analyse ‘client involvement’ in practise seen......, political and administrative frames that rule home- care practice. Client involvement is shown within four constructed analytical categories: ‘Structural conditions of providing and receiving home care’; ‘Client involvement inside the home: performing a professional task and living an everyday life......’; ‘Client involvement outside the home: liberal business and mutual goal setting’; and ‘Converting a home to a working place: refurnishing a life’. The meaning of involvement is depending on which position it is viewed from. On the basis of this analysis, we raise the question of the extent to which...

  18. Client Update: A Solution for Service Evolution

    Ouederni, Meriem; Salaün, Gwen; Pimentel, Ernesto


    International audience In service-based systems, service evolution might raise critical communication issues since the client cannot be aware of the changes that have occurred on the black-box services side. In this paper, we propose an automated process to adapt the client to the changes that have occurred. Our approach relies on a compatibility measuring method, and changes the client interface to ensure the system compatibility. This solution is fully automated inside a prototype tool w...

  19. Briefing: The ICE intelligent client capability framework

    Madter, N; Bower, DA


    Recent aspirations to transform the delivery of major capital programmes and projects in the public sector are focusing on the achievement of value for money, whole‐life asset management and sustainable procurement, embodied in the principles of the Intelligent Client. However, there is little support offered to those working in client functions to promote the development of the skills and behaviours that underpin effective client decision-making. In line with the re-launch Infrastructure UK'...

  20. Do client fees help or hurt?

    Barnett, B


    This article discusses the impact of client fees for family planning (FP) services on cost recovery and level of user services in developing countries. The UN Population Fund reports that developing country governments currently pay 75% of the costs of FP programs. Donors contribute 15%, and clients pay 10%. Current pressures are on FP services to broaden and improve their scope, while user demand is increasing. Program managers should consider the program's need for funds and the clients' willingness to pay. Clients are willing to pay about 1% of their income for contraception. A study of sterilization acceptance in Mexico finds that the average monthly case load declined by 10% after the 1st price increase from $43 to $55 and declined by 58% after the 2nd price increase to $60. Fewer low-income clients requested sterilization. A CEMOPLAF study in Ecuador finds that in three price increase situations the number of clients seeking services declined, but the economic mix of clients remained about the same. The decline was 20% in the group with a 20% price increase and 26% in the 40% increase group. In setting fees, the first need is to determine unit costs. The Futures Group International recommends considering political, regulatory, and institutional constraints for charging fees; priorities for revenue use; protection for poor clients; and monitoring of money collection and expenditure. Management Sciences for Health emphasizes consideration of the reasons for collection of fees, client affordability, and client perception of quality issues. Sliding scales can be used to protect poor clients. Charging fees for laboratory services can subsidize poor clients. A Bangladesh program operated a restaurant and catering service in order to subsidize FP services. Colombia's PROFAMILIA sells medical and surgical services and a social marketing program in order to expand clinics. PMID:12293239

  1. Client Server Model Based DAQ System for Real-Time Air Pollution Monitoring

    Vetrivel. P


    Full Text Available The proposed system consists of client server model based Data-Acquisition Unit. The Embedded Web Server integrates Pollution Server and DAQ that collects air Pollutants levels (CO, NO2, and SO2. The Pollution Server is designed by considering modern resource constrained embedded systems. In contrast, an application server is designed to the efficient execution of programs and scripts for supporting the construction of various applications. While a pollution server mainly deals with sending HTML for display in a web browser on the client terminal, an application server provides access to server side logic for pollutants levels to be use by client application programs. The Embedded Web Server is an arm mcb2300 board with internet connectivity and acts as air pollution server as this standalone device gathers air pollutants levels and as a Server. Embedded Web server is accessed by various clients.

  2. The Influence of Client Fees on Evaluations By Clients of Counseling Outcome.

    Shipton, Brian; Spain, Armelle


    Psychoanalytic theory and cognitive dissonance theory predict that clients who pay a fee for counseling benefit more than clients who do not pay. Results of this study suggest that paying a fee does not significantly influence counseling outcome as measured by client evaluations of counselors. (Author)

  3. The X-Files: Investigating Alien Performance in a Thin-client World

    Gunther, Neil J.


    Many scientific applications use the X11 window environment; an open source windows GUI standard employing a client/server architecture. X11 promotes: distributed computing, thin-client functionality, cheap desktop displays, compatibility with heterogeneous servers, remote services and administration, and greater maturity than newer web technologies. This paper details the author's investigations into close encounters with alien performance in X11-based seismic applications running on a 200-n...

  4. ERDDAP - An Easier Way for Diverse Clients to Access Scientific Data From Diverse Sources

    Mendelssohn, R.; Simons, R. A.


    ERDDAP is a new open-source, web-based service that aggregates data from other web services: OPeNDAP grid servers (THREDDS), OPeNDAP sequence servers (Dapper), NOS SOAP service, SOS (IOOS, OOStethys), microWFS, DiGIR (OBIS, BMDE). Regardless of the data source, ERDDAP makes all datasets available to clients via standard (and enhanced) DAP requests and makes some datasets accessible via WMS. A client's request also specifies the desired format for the results, e.g., .asc, .csv, .das, .dds, .dods, htmlTable, XHTML, .mat, netCDF, .kml, .png, or .pdf (formats more directly useful to clients). ERDDAP interprets a client request, requests the data from the data source (in the appropriate way), reformats the data source's response, and sends the result to the client. Thus ERDDAP makes data from diverse sources available to diverse clients via standardized interfaces. Clients don't have to install libraries to get data from ERDDAP because ERDDAP is RESTful and resource-oriented: a URL completely defines a data request and the URL can be used in any application that can send a URL and receive a file. This also makes it easy to use ERDDAP in mashups with other web services. ERDDAP could be extended to support other protocols. ERDDAP's hub and spoke architecture simplifies adding support for new types of data sources and new types of clients. ERDDAP includes metadata management support, catalog services, and services to make graphs and maps.

  5. Indoor Location Fingerprinting with Heterogeneous Clients

    Kjærgaard, Mikkel Baun


    Heterogeneous wireless clients measure signal strength differently. This is a fundamental problem for indoor location fingerprinting, and it has a high impact on the positioning accuracy. Mapping-based solutions have been presented that require manual and error-prone calibration for each new client...

  6. Improving UK client-contractor relations

    The client's aim in any decommissioning project is that the originally intended end point is achieved, within budget and on time. The contractor's aim is to have a satisfied client, so that both are happy to work together again, and to have a reasonable return for his efforts. How can these - not incompatible - aims best be achieved? (UK)

  7. Counselors' Accounts of Their Clients' Spiritual Experiences.

    Holden, Janice Miner


    Introduces a special section within this issue of Counseling and Values that focuses on counselors' accounts of their clients' transpersonal experiences. The eight articles in this special section discuss ten types of transpersonal experiences. Clients range in age from early 20s to early 80s. Experiences occurred in various settings and were…

  8. Meeting Client Resistance and Reactance with Reverence.

    Cowan, Eric W.; Presbury, Jack H.


    Explores the meaning and function of client resistance in counseling from various theoretical orientations. A relational model of resistance is offered that redefines traditional formulations and has implications for clinical treatment. A vignette illustrates that the counselor's contribution to the emergence of client resistance is a relevant…

  9. Client Motivation and Rehabilitation Counseling Outcome.

    Salomone, Paul R.

    This study investigates the relationship between client motivation or lack of motivation for vocational rehabilitation services, and rehabilitation outcome. Clients who had received services at a rehabilitation center during a two year period were rated on their level of motivation for rehabilitation services using the contents of diagnostic…

  10. YASGUI: Not Just Another SPARQL Client

    L. Rietveld; R. Hoekstra


    This paper introduces YASGUI, a user-friendly SPARQL client. We compare YASGUI with other SPARQL clients, and show the added value and ease of integrating Web APIs, services, and new technologies such as HTML5. Finally, we discuss some of the challenges we encountered in using these technologies for

  11. Organizational and Client Commitment among Contracted Employees

    Coyle-Shapiro, Jacqueline A-M.; Morrow, Paula C.


    This study examines affective commitment to employing and client organizations among long-term contracted employees, a new and growing employment classification. Drawing on organizational commitment and social exchange literatures, we propose two categories of antecedents of employee commitment to client organizations. We tested our hypotheses…

  12. Training Therapists about Client Expectations of Psychotherapy.

    Soley, Georgia; Marshall, Renee; Chambliss, Catherine

    Research has indicated that premature termination of therapy is sometimes due to a conflict in goal and outcome expectations between therapists and family members of clients. The present study requested both therapists and parents of child clients to complete questionnaires to determine if there is congruence between therapist and parental…

  13. Group-oriented coordination models for distributed client-server computing

    Adler, Richard M.; Hughes, Craig S.


    This paper describes group-oriented control models for distributed client-server interactions. These models transparently coordinate requests for services that involve multiple servers, such as queries across distributed databases. Specific capabilities include: decomposing and replicating client requests; dispatching request subtasks or copies to independent, networked servers; and combining server results into a single response for the client. The control models were implemented by combining request broker and process group technologies with an object-oriented communication middleware tool. The models are illustrated in the context of a distributed operations support application for space-based systems.

  14. Team-client Relationships And Extreme Programming

    John Karn


    Full Text Available This paper describes a study that examined the relationship between software engineering teams who adhered to the extreme programming (XP methodology and their project clients. The study involved observing teams working on projects for clients who had commissioned a piece of software to be used in the real world. Interviews were conducted during and at the end of the project to get client opinion on how the project had progressed. Of interest to the researchers were opinions on frequency of feedback, how the team captured requirements, whether or not the iterative approach of XP proved to be helpful, and the level of contextual and software engineering knowledge the client had at the start of the project. In theory, fidelity to XP should result in enhanced communication, reduce expectation gaps, and lead to greater client satisfaction. Our results suggest that this depends heavily on the communication skills of the team and of the client, the expectations of the client, and the nature of the project.




    Full Text Available Android based remote desktop client is a remote control system which allows you to view and interact with one computer (known as “server” to another computer or cellular phones (Android OS anywhere on the intranet. A viewer is provided on the cellular phone that enables the user to see and manipulate the desktop of remote systems such as MS Windows. The system to be accessed must be running a server and it must be attached to a network. A proxy is used to send the image of the desktop to the cellular phone, to convert different devices, to suppress network traffics, and to support recovery from an unscheduled disconnection. A prototype of the proposed system been implemented using Android and will be tested on a Android Virtual Device emulator. To reduce user effort and solve problems inherent to the cellular phone’s small screen, several functions are provided on the cellular viewer. Virtual Network Computing protocol is used to access Graphical User Interface of remote computer. It is based on the concept of a Remote Frame Buffer or RFB. The system will use Remote method invocation (RMI and screen image capturing techniques of API’s to implement VNC. All functions such mouse clicking, opening files, Playing media can be perform on server computer.

  16. Client-Oriented Approach: Forming the System of Management of the Bank Relations with Clients

    Zavadska Diana V.


    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to develop the theoretical principles of forming the bank relations with clients as part of the client-oriented strategy implementation. As a result of the conducted research there has been presented the definition of client-orientation, mechanism and system of management. The system of management of the bank relations with clients, the purpose and objectives of its formation have been substantiated. The hierarchy of subjects of forming and managing the process of the bank relations with client has been presented. The ways of implementing in practice the functions of the mechanism of managing relations with clients have been revealed. It has been proved that for implementation of the client-oriented approach the banking institution should have a comprehensive view of its clients’ behavior, which detailed understanding will allow for a more accurate segmentation and building individualized partnership relations. Implementing the principle of totality of client relationships level and comprehensive knowledge, development of employee behavior techniques and special techniques for working with the most valuable clients, the use of analytics and forecasting tools will provide targeting of marketing campaigns and lead to minimization of additional costs, satisfaction of every client, loyalty, increase in the market share, growth of sales volume, increase in profits of the banking institution.

  17. Esourcing capability model for client organizations

    Hefley, Bill


    The eSourcing Capability Model for Client Organizations (eSCM-CL) is the best practices model that enables client organizations to appraise and improve their capability to foster the development of more effective relationships and to better manage these relationships. This title helps readers successfully implement a full range of client-organization tasks, ranging from developing the organization's sourcing strategy, planning for sourcing and service provider selection, initiating an agreement with service providers, managing service delivery, and completing the agreement.The eSCM-CL has been

  18. Fuzzy Modeling of Client Preference in Data-Rich Marketing Environments


    Advances in computational methods have led, in the world of financial services, to huge databases of client and market information. In the past decade, various computational intelligence (CI) techniques have been applied in mining this data for obtaining knowledge and in-depth information about the clients and the markets. This paper discusses the application of fuzzy clustering in target selection from large databases for direct marketing (DM) purposes. Actual data from the campaigns of a la...

  19. Fuzzy Modeling of Client Preference in Data-Rich Marketing Environments

    Setnes, M.; Kaymak, Uzay


    textabstractAdvances in computational methods have led, in the world of financial services, to huge databases of client and market information. In the past decade, various computational intelligence (CI) techniques have been applied in mining this data for obtaining knowledge and in-depth information about the clients and the markets. This paper discusses the application of fuzzy clustering in target selection from large databases for direct marketing (DM) purposes. Actual data from the campa...

  20. Counselor Values and the Pregnant Adolescent Client.

    Kennedy, Bebe C.; And Others


    Reviews options counselors can suggest to pregnant adolescents, including abortion, adoption, marriage, and single parenthood. Discusses the need for counselors to be aware of their own values and help the client explore her values. (JAC)

  1. Accommodating blind and partially sighted clients

    England, Gary; Gebbels, Tim; Whelan, Chantelle; Freeman, Sarah


    Veterinary surgeons provide an important service to blind and partially sighted guide dog owners. By adopting basic disability awareness and visual impairment training, practices can ensure that the assistance needs of those clients are met, facilitating access to veterinary care.

  2. Managing Client Values in Construction Design

    Thyssen, Mikael Hygum; Emmitt, Stephen; Bonke, Sten;


    capturing and managing client values within a lean framework. This paper describes the initial findings of a joint research project between academia and industry practitioners that seeks to develop the workshop method to create a state of the art approach in construction design management. This includes an......In construction projects the client will comprise both owner, end-users, and the wider society, representatives of which may have conflicting goals and values; and these may not be fully realized by the stakeholders themselves. Therefore it is a great challenge to capture and manage the values of...... the multiple stakeholders that constitutes the “client”. However, seeing client satisfaction as the end-goal of construction it is imperative to make client values explicit in the early project phase and make sure that these values are reflected in all subsequent phases of design and construction. The...

  3. Creating successful US client-contractor relations

    The recent growth in nuclear facility decommissioning worldwide has generated renewed interest in the client-contractor relationship and how best to plan and contract the work. What roles should the client -usually the owner utility - and the prime contractor and subcontractors play, and which basic planning tools, contract types, work scope changes, worker productivity factors and monitoring methods are needed to ensure the work is performed satisfactorily? (UK)

  4. Measuring Money Mismanagement Among Dually Diagnosed Clients

    Black, Ryan A.; Rounsaville, Bruce J.; Rosenheck, Robert A; Conrad, Kendon J.; Ball, Samuel A.; Rosen, Marc I.


    Clients dually diagnosed with psychiatric and substance abuse disorders may be adversely affected if they mismanage their Social Security or public support benefits. Assistance managing funds, including assignment of a representative payee, is available but there are no objective assessments of money mismanagement. In this study, a Structured Clinical Interview for Money Mismanagement was administered twice at one-week intervals to 46 clients receiving disability payments and was compared to ...

  5. Client satisfaction and usefulness to external stakeholders from an audit client perspective

    Peter Öhman; Einar Häckner; Dag Sörbom


    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to develop, test, and improve a structural equation model (SEM) of client satisfaction with the audit, and of client perception of the usefulness of the audit to external stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach – A questionnaire was mailed to audit clients, i.e. managers of Swedish limited companies with 50 or more employees; 627 useable questionnaires were returned, giving a response rate of 43 percent. Data were processed using the SEM software LISREL...

  6. Clients' and therapists' stories about psychotherapy.

    Adler, Jonathan M


    This article provides an overview of the emerging field of research on clients' stories about their experiences in psychotherapy. The theory of narrative identity suggests that individuals construct stories about their lives in order to provide the self with a sense of purpose and unity. Psychotherapy stories serve both psychological functions. Focusing on the theme of agency as a vehicle for operationalizing purpose and coherence as a way of operationalizing unity, this article will describe the existing scholarship connecting psychotherapy stories to clients' psychological well-being. Results from cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative studies as well as longitudinal research indicate a connection between the stories clients tell about therapy and their psychological well-being, both over the course of treatment and after it is over. In addition, a preliminary analysis of therapists' stories about their clients' treatment is presented. These analyses reveal that the way therapists recount a particular client's therapy does not impact the relationships between clients' narratives and their improvement. The article concludes with a discussion of how this body of scholarship might be fruitfully applied in the realm of clinical practice. PMID:22812587

  7. Client Engagement Characteristics Associated with Problem Gambling Treatment Outcomes

    Dowling, Nicki A.; Cosic, Sanja


    Previous research examining the factors associated with problem gambling treatment outcomes has examined client factors and to date, treatment characteristics, therapist factors, and client-therapist interactions have essentially remained unexplored. This study aimed to investigate how client engagement variables (client-rated therapeutic…

  8. Using virtual Lustre clients on the WAN for analysis of data from high energy physics experiments

    We describe the work on creating system images of Lustre virtual clients in the ExTENCI project (Extending Science Through Enhanced National Cyberlnfrastructure), using several virtual technologies (Xen, VMware, VirtualBox, KVM). These virtual machines can be built at several levels, from a basic Linux installation (we use Scientific Linux 5 as an example), adding a Lustre client with Kerberos authentication, and up to complete clients including local or distributed (based on CernVM-FS) installations of the full CERN and project specific software stack for typical LHC experiments. The level, and size, of the images are determined by the users on demand. Various sites and individual users can just download and use them out of the box on Linux/UNIX, Windows and Mac OS X based hosts. We compare the performance of virtual clients with that of real physical systems for typical high energy physics applications like Monte Carlo simulations or analysis of data stored in ROOT trees.

  9. The Influence of a Client Preference on Auditor Judgment: An Investigation of Temporal Effects and Client Trustworthiness

    Jenkins, James Gregory Jr.


    The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate auditors' judgments and decisions in the presence of an explicitly stated client preference. This investigation considers two factors. First, the temporal placement (i.e., timing) of the client preference is varied to allow for an examination of differential effects associated with the receipt of an early client preference and a late client preference. Second, client trustworthiness is varied so that participants may have a basis upon whic...

  10. Efficient Mobile Client Caching Supporting Transaction Semantics

    IlYoung Chung


    Full Text Available In mobile client-server database systems, caching of frequently accessed data is an important technique that will reduce the contention on the narrow bandwidth wireless channel. As the server in mobile environments may not have any information about the state of its clients' cache(stateless server, using broadcasting approach to transmit the updated data lists to numerous concurrent mobile clients is an attractive approach. In this paper, a caching policy is proposed to maintain cache consistency for mobile computers. The proposed protocol adopts asynchronous(non-periodic broadcasting as the cache invalidation scheme, and supports transaction semantics in mobile environments. With the asynchronous broadcasting approach, the proposed protocol can improve the throughput by reducing the abortion of transactions with low communication costs. We study the performance of the protocol by means of simulation experiments.

  11. Flash Caching on the Storage Client

    Holland, David A.; Angelino, Elaine Lee; Wald, Gideon; Seltzer, Margo I.


    Flash memory has recently become popular as a caching medium. Most uses to date are on the storage server side. We investigate a different structure: flash as a cache on the client side of a networked storage environment. We use trace-driven simulation to explore the design space. We consider a wide range of configurations and policies to determine the potential client-side caches might offer and how best to arrange them. Our results show that the flash cache writeback policy does not signifi...

  12. Features client-server bus seats reservation technology in the long-distance connection

    Радченко, К. О.; Національний технічний університет України «КПІ»; Ружевський, М. С.; Національний технічний університет України «КПІ»; Шроль, А. Ю.; Національний технічний університет України «КПІ»


    There is description of the features of the client-server technology of booking places by a bus driverwith the help of the developed software for mobile devices and tablets based on Android operatingsystem. The application allows the driver of the long-distance connection to send data about theoccupied seats in a salon during the movement of the bus on the MTE server. The application has auser-friendly interface. For client-server communication capabilities Android Studio and AndroidSDK are used

  13. Attracting Clients to Service-Oriented Programs.

    Disney, Diane M.

    One of a series of manuals developed by the Home and Community-Based Career Education Project, the outreach component publication describes how the project went about attracting clients for its adult vocational counseling services. Sections include: creating a publicity campaign, using an advertising agency, creating products for the mass media,…

  14. Counselor Loss: Terminating the Helped Client.

    Miller, Mark J.


    Discusses counselor feelings of loss due to client departure from therapy. Describes components of loss within a five-stage model including denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. Outlines strategies for coping with counselor loss. Suggests feelings of loss are natural. (RC)

  15. Practical Client Puzzle from Repeated Squaring

    Jeckmans, A.


    Cryptographic puzzles have been proposed by Merkle [15] to relay secret information between parties over an insecure channel. Client puzzles, a type of cryptographic puzzle, have been proposed by Juels and Brainard [8] to defend a server against denial of service attacks. However there is no general

  16. Energy companies need to cuddle their clients

    Due to a liberalized energy market in Europe more than 20% of the customers has chosen another electricity supplier. In spite of that many energy suppliers do not yet operate as client-oriented businesses, according to a report of Ernst and Young: 'Trend in Energy 2000'. Energy companies should become more active in relation management

  17. Borderline Clients: Practice Implications of Recent Research.

    Johnson, Harriette C.


    Reviews current research on treatment of borderline clients with medication, individual counseling, and family interventions. Notes that recent studies indicate that borderline personality is heterogeneous condition in which different underlying disorders (affective, schizotypal, and neurological) may be present. Reviews effectiveness of various…

  18. Finding Happiness for Ourselves and Our Clients.

    Miller, Geri


    Reviews D. G. Myers' (2000) examination of the contributing factors of happiness: money, relationships, and religion. Discusses the implications of these factors for counseling with specific recommendations made for counselors regarding their own self-care and their work with their clients. (GCP)

  19. Counselling the Borderline Client: An Interpersonal Approach.

    Angus, Lynne; Gillies, Laurie A.


    Critically reviews characteristics thought to be associated with "difficult clients" in light of research findings emerging from psychiatric and psychological literature pertaining to Borderline Personality Disorder. Reviews recent developments for brief treatment strategies and describes development of short-term interpersonal therapy program.…

  20. Psychotherapists' Attitudes toward Homosexual Psychotherapy Clients.

    Garfinkle, Ellen M.; Morin, Stephen F.


    Continued research into the sex-role expectations which therapists hold toward clients is an issue of particular relevance to the gay community. The training of psychotherapists should pay attention to both sex-role expectations and homosexual stereotypes as potential sources of bias in therapists' perceptions and evaluations of homosexual…

  1. 基于Client Honeypot的网络入侵检测系统%Network Intrusion Detection System Based on Client Honeypot



    随着使用者的需求变化与Web应用技术的快速发展,Web应用更为开放并更强调分享及互动,使得Web应用成为当今网络应用的潮流,但也成为黑客新的攻击目标.黑客对网站植入恶意程序代码,造成Web事件威胁不断衍生, Web已变成信息安全攻击重要感染途径之一.该文将介绍一种恶意网页检测方法-Client Honeypot.Client Honeypot系利用Client端主动与Web Server产生互动以进行探测及诱捕,有别于传统的入侵检测系统被动式检测模式.该研究以Open Source工具Honey C为基础进行研究改进,实现对恶意网页检测的应用.%with the user's demand changes with the rapid development of Web application technology, Web application more open and more emphasis on sharing and interactive, making Web applications become the trends of network applications, but also be-come a new target of hackers. Hackers malicious code to your website to make the Web event threat derived from tradition, the Web has become a information security against one of the important infection. This article introduces a kind of malicious web pages detection method-Client Honeypot. Client Honeypot system using Client side active interactions with a Web Server to detect and trapping, passive detection is different from the traditional intrusion detection system model. This study is based on Open Source tools Honey C study improvement, for the application of detecting malicious web pages.

  2. Prioritizing Project Performance Criteria within Client Perspective

    Arazi Idrus


    Full Text Available Successful performance in a construction project helps to deliver good products to the client. At present, there is no standard approach used by clients to evaluate project performance as project success carries different definitions to different people. Some used the traditional project performance measures of cost, quality and time while others used additional non-traditional measures such as the environment, health and safety, level of technology and contractor planning. The purpose of this study is to identify and rank the actual criteria used by local clients in current practice to measure the performance of a construction project during construction as well as upon completion. The ranking is based on the relative importance of the criteria as perceived by project performance decision makers working for clients’ organizations within the Malaysian construction industry using their accumulated experience and judgment. The objective of this study was investigated through a postal questionnaire which covered a selected sample of the study. Data were analyzed using mean, variance, frequency and severity index analyses. The results of this paper show that Quality of finished project, Construction cost and Construction time were the three most important criteria considered crucial by the respondents for evaluating project performance from current practice in Malaysia. The paper provides supportive practical solution for project performance decision makers working for clients’ organizations within the Malaysian construction industry to enhance and improve their practices in measuring their clients’ project performance so that their clients would enjoy higher satisfaction levels from their projects. More so, the paper would serve as a guide to contractors by helping them to understand that Quality of finished project, Construction cost and Construction time are the criteria given high priority by clients in measuring the performance of a

  3. A Robust Client Verification in cloud enabled m-Commerce using Gaining Protocol

    N., Chitra Kiran


    The proposed system highlights a novel approach of exclusive verification process using gain protocol for ensuring security among both the parties (client-service provider) in m-commerce application with cloud enabled service. The proposed system is based on the potential to verify the clients with trusted hand held device depending on the set of frequent events and actions to be carried out. The framework of the proposed work is design after collecting a real time data sets from an android enabled hand set, which when subjected to gain protocol, will result in detection of malicious behavior of illegal clients in the network. The real time experiment is performed with applicable datasets gather, which show the best result for identifying threats from last 2 months data collected.

  4. A Robust Client Verification in Cloud Enabled m-Commerce using Gaining Protocol

    Chitra Kiran N.


    Full Text Available The proposed system highlights a novel approach of exclusive verification process using gain protocol for ensuring security among both the parties (client-service provider in m-commerce application with cloud enabled service. The proposed system is based on the potential to verify the clients with trusted hand held device depending on the set of frequent events and actions to be carried out. The framework of the proposed work is design after collecting a real time data sets from an android enabled hand set, which when subjected to gain protocol, will result in detection of malicious behavior of illegal clients in the network. The real time experiment is performed with applicable datasets gather, which show the best result for identifying threats from last 2 months data collected.

  5. Semi-structured interview instrument on client satisfaction for therapeutic community clients

    Iyare, Sade


    Therapeutic community (TC) treatment is used around the world to treat drug addicts. Perheiden yhdistetyn hoidon yksikkö (Pyy) unit of Helsinki Deaconess Institute is specialized in drug rehabilitation of the families with children. Based on Cox's Interactive Model of Client Health Behavior (2003) there is a connection between the client satisfaction and the results of the treatment. TC is known to be efficient method of treatment to treat drug addicts, but there is still very little data...

  6. Involvement of the Client in Home Care Practice

    Glasdam, Stinne; Kjær, Lone; Præstegaard, Jeanette


    one client, his cohabitant family and the involved healthcare professionals. Results: Client involvement in home care service is shown within the constructed categories: The schism between wishing for and actually being helped; The chronological order can be negotiated; not the content; Liberal...... business gives the client full influence into the treatment and the therapist gold; and Converting a home to at working place and a home. Client involvement in practice seems to be very limited. Conclusion: All in all, involvement of clients in home care service seems to be more of a political illusion......Background: Through the last 35 years, ‘client involvement’ has been a mantra within health policies, education curriculums and health care institutions, yet very little is known about how ‘client involvement’ is practiced in the meetings with clients and health professionals. Aim: To analyse and...

  7. Gender Dysphoria: The Therapist's Dilemma--The Client's Choice.

    Sherebrin, Hannah


    Therapist's role and dilemmas faced in treating a gender dysphoric client are discussed. Examines ethical and moral issues relating to transsexualism and discusses the appropriateness of art therapy as a treatment for transsexual clients. (SNR)

  8. Client Centeredness and Health Reform: Key Issues for Occupational Therapy

    Mroz, Tracy M.; Pitonyak, Jennifer S.; Fogelberg, Donald; Leland, Natalie E.


    Occupational therapy has the philosophical underpinnings to provide expanded and more effective client-centered care that emphasizes the active engagement of the client and recognizes the greater contexts of his or her life.

  9. Voice and Communication Therapy for Transgender/Transsexual Clients

    ... Voice and Communication Therapy for Clients Who Are Transgender and/or Transsexual [ en Español ] What does the ... pathologist do when working with clients who are transgender/transsexual? What organizations have more information? Related Articles ...

  10. Counselor Stress in Relation to Disabled and Minority Clients

    Vander Kolk, Charles J.


    Physiological and self-reported reactions of counselors in training to five disabled clients and a minority client were examined. Implications for counselor practice, education, and in-service education are discussed. (Author)

  11. Cryptanalysis of Some Client-to-Client Password-Authenticated Key Exchange Protocols

    Tianjie Cao


    Full Text Available Client-to-Client Password-Authenticated Key Exchange (C2C-PAKE protocols allow two clients establish a common session key based on their passwords. In a secure C2C-PAKE protocol, there is no computationally bounded adversary learns anything about session keys shared between two clients. Especially a participating server should not learn anything about session keys. Server- compromise impersonation resilience is another desirable security property for a C2C-PAKE protocol. It means that compromising the password verifier of any client A should not enable outside adversary to share session key with A. Recently, Kwon and Lee proposed four C2C-PAKE protocols in the three-party setting, and Zhu et al. proposed a C2C-PAKE protocol in the cross-realm setting. All the proposed protocols are claimed to resist server compromise. However, in this paper, we show that Kwon and Lee’s protocols and Zhu et al’s protocol exist server compromise attacks, and a malicious server can mount man-in-themiddle attacks and can eavesdrop the communication between the two clients.

  12. How Social Workers Demonstrate Respect for Elderly Clients

    Sung, Kyu-taik; Dunkle, Ruth E.


    Although respect is a crucial aspect of social work practice, few studies have examined how social workers convey their respect for elderly clients. This study explored the various forms of respect demonstrated by social workers when they were with older clients. Fifty social workers serving elderly clients were surveyed by a questionnaire with closed- and open-ended questions. Based on data on the way the social workers respected their elderly clients, the study identified seven forms most f...

  13. Can Knowledge of Client Birth Order Bias Clinical Judgment?

    Stewart, Allan E.


    Clinicians (N = 308) responded to identical counseling vignettes of a male client that differed only in the client's stated birth order. Clinicians developed different impressions about the client and his family experiences that corresponded with the prototypical descriptions of persons from 1 of 4 birth orders (i.e., first, middle, youngest, and…

  14. Incorporating Perceived Importance of Service Elements into Client Satisfaction Measures

    Hsieh, Chang-Ming


    Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the need for incorporating perceived importance of service elements into client satisfaction measures. Method: A secondary analysis of client satisfaction data from 112 clients of an elderly case management setting was conducted. Results: This study found that the relationship between global…

  15. Client/Server系统的测试研究




  16. Developing Individualized Behavior Change Goals with Clients: A Procedure.

    Weigel, Richard G.; Uhlemann, Max R.

    This document reviews 10 specific and sequential steps which have emerged as being particularly effective in assisting clients in developing individualized behavior change goals in psychotherapy. The therapist and client typically work through these steps together near the beginning of treatment, but only after the client has had the opportunity…

  17. An Occupational Performance Process Model: Fostering Client and Therapist Alliances.

    Fearing, Virginia G.; And Others


    The seven stages of an occupational performance process model focus on client participation and client-centered practice. The model provides a systematic method for developing occupational therapy assessment and intervention that result in a collaborative approach to client-identified occupational performance issues. (SK)

  18. 32 CFR 776.33 - Client under a disability.


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Client under a disability. 776.33 Section 776.33... of Professional Conduct § 776.33 Client under a disability. (a) Client under a disability: (1) When a... impaired, whether because of minority, mental disability, or for some other reason, the covered...

  19. Counselor Beliefs and Perceived Knowledge Regarding Clients with Learning Disabilities

    Bell, Tamekia R.


    Clients with learning disabilities constitute a cultural group that has not been extensively studied. The professional literature has found that counselors have reported the need for additional training in working with clients with disabilities. This study explored counselors' beliefs and perceived knowledge regarding counseling clients with…

  20. Counselor Interventions Preceding Client Laughter in Brief Therapy.

    Falk, Dana R.; Hill, Clara E.


    Examined whether 6 categories of counselor humor and 4 categories of risk interventions preceded client laughter in 236 events from 8 cases of brief psychotherapy. Found most client laughter was mild and moderate, with only eight instances of strong laughter. Humorous interventions led to more client laughter than did interventions that encouraged…

  1. Attitudes of Social Work Students toward Clients with Basic Needs

    Krumer-Nevo, Michal; Lev-Wiesel, Rachel


    This study examines the attitudes of 91 undergraduate social work students toward clients with basic needs in Israel. The results indicate that only about 1/3 of the students consider the treatment of clients with basic needs to be a part of the profession. In addition, a positive correlation was found between willingness to help clients with…

  2. Client Provider Collaboration for Service Bundling

    LETIA, I. A.


    Full Text Available The key requirement for a service industry organization to reach competitive advantages through product diversification is the existence of a well defined method for building service bundles. Based on the idea that the quality of a service or its value is given by the difference between expectations and perceptions, we draw the main components of a frame that aims to support the client and the provider agent in an active collaboration meant to co-create service bundles. Following e3-value model, we structure the supporting knowledge around the relation between needs and satisfying services. We deal with different perspectives about quality through an ontological extension of Value Based Argumentation. The dialog between the client and the provider takes the form of a persuasion whose dynamic object is the current best configuration. Our approach for building service packages is a demand driven approach, allowing progressive disclosure of private knowledge.

  3. Behavior Analysis Of Malicious Web Pages Through Client Honeypot For Detection Of Drive-By-Download Malwares

    Supinder Kaur


    Full Text Available Malwares which is also known as malicious software’s is spreading through the exploiting the client side applications such as browsers, plug-ins etc. Attackers implant the malware codes in the user’s computer through web pages; thereby they are also known malicious web pages. Here in the paper, we present the usefulness of controlled environment in the form of client honeypots in detection of malicious web pages through collections of malicious intent in web pages and then perform detailed analysis for validation and confirmation of malicious web pages. First phase is collection of malicious infections through high interaction client honeypot, second phase is validations of the malicious infections embedded into web pages through behavior based analysis. Malwares which infect the client side applications and drop the malwares into user’s computers sometimes overrides the signature based detection techniques; thereby there is a need to study the behavior of the complete malicious web pages.

  4. Perceptions towards IT Security in Online Banking: Croatian Clients vs. Clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Nedim Makarevic


    Full Text Available This study has been completed with a purpose to analyze and compare perceptions of clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina and those of Croatian clients about IT security in online banking, to provide insight into similarities and differences of their view points and to create important set of information for all subjects active in banking industry. Once the survey based on six variables and specific questions assigned to each one of those variables was prepared, results regarding both countries were collected and concluded. Survey was completed in both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia at high response rates. Even 207 respondents replied from Bosnia and Herzegovina, while 203 respondents completed survey from Croatia. Results were analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics. Results indicated that Croatian e-banking users trust to banks when it comes to IT security of online banking much more compared to clients of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is important to mention that clients of Croatia perceive tangible features as highly significant while Bosnian clients do not perceive tangible features that much important. This proved that Croatian clients are aware of potential security threats and they know their part of responsibility when it comes to handling money online. On the other hand, results from Bosnia and Herzegovina indicated that Bosnian clients have lack of trust in online banking, and lack of awareness about personal tangible aspects that can improve security of personal online banking experience. The main limitation of this study is relatively small sample and too generic approach. Therefore, this study may be perceived as a pilot study for future researchers. The study’s results may be of interest to marketers and managers of banks operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia to learn more about their clients’ perceptions towards their e-banking services.

  5. A client/server approach to telemedicine.

    Vaughan, B. J.; Torok, K. E.; Kelly, L. M.; Ewing, D J; Andrews, L. T.


    This paper describes the Medical College of Ohio's efforts in developing a client/server telemedicine system. Telemedicine vastly improves the ability of a medical center physician or specialist to interactively consult with a physician at a remote health care facility. The patient receives attention more quickly, he and his family do not need to travel long distances to obtain specialists' services, and the primary care physician can be involved in diagnosis and developing a treatment progra...

  6. Client-side Skype forensics: an overview

    Meißner, Tina; Kröger, Knut; Creutzburg, Reiner


    IT security and computer forensics are important components in the information technology. In the present study, a client-side Skype forensics is performed. It is designed to explain which kind of user data are stored on a computer and which tools allow the extraction of those data for a forensic investigation. There are described both methods - a manual analysis and an analysis with (mainly) open source tools, respectively.

  7. Cold War Imperatives and Quarrelsome Clients

    Gregory S. Sanjian


    This study extends a formal systems model on the political and strategic consequences of great power arms transfers. Using the United States and the Soviet Union as the exporters (or patrons) and Pakistan and India as the importers (clients), tests of the model's components reveal the following: the superpowers were indifferent to the effects of their arms supplies on the relationships between the importers, changes over time in the importers' arms acquisitions from third countries depended o...

  8. Hsp90: Friends, clients and natural foes.

    Verma, Sharad; Goyal, Sukriti; Jamal, Salma; Singh, Aditi; Grover, Abhinav


    Hsp90, a homodimeric ATPase, is responsible for the correct folding of a number of newly synthesized polypeptides in addition to the correct folding of denatured/misfolded client proteins. It requires several co-chaperones and other partner proteins for chaperone activity. Due to the involvement of Hsp90-dependent client proteins in a variety of oncogenic signaling pathways, Hsp90 inhibition has emerged as one of the leading strategies for anticancer chemotherapeutics. Most of Hsp90 inhibitors blocks the N terminal ATP binding pocket and prevents the conformational changes which are essential for the loading of co-chaperones and client proteins. Several other inhibitors have also been reported which disrupt chaperone cycle in ways other than binding to N terminal ATP binding pocket. The Hsp90 inhibition is associated with heat shock response, mediated by HSF-1, to overcome the loss of Hsp90 and sustain cell survival. This review is an attempt to give an over view of all the important players of chaperone cycle. PMID:27295069

  9. VoIP Client for Multi-core Server Enhancing Quality of Real Time Service Delivery

    Bereka Shewara, Jemil


    Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a fast growing service in communication technology. Due to the cost-effectiveness, many organizations have been deploying VoIP technology for their teleconferencing and video conferencing services. In recent decades, various types of client and server applications have been developed, and different application protocols have been standardized. However, most of VoIP applications were developed for single core architecture. The increasing demand of VoIP se...

  10. Behavior Analysis Of Malicious Web Pages Through Client Honeypot For Detection Of Drive-By-Download Malwares

    Supinder Kaur; Harpreet Kaur


    Malwares which is also known as malicious software’s is spreading through the exploiting the client side applications such as browsers, plug-ins etc. Attackers implant the malware codes in the user’s computer through web pages; thereby they are also known malicious web pages. Here in the paper, we present the usefulness of controlled environment in the form of client honeypots in detection of malicious web pages through collections of malicious intent in web pages and then per...

  11. Client-Side Event Processing for Personalized Web Advertisement

    Stühmer, Roland; Anicic, Darko; Sen, Sinan; Ma, Jun; Schmidt, Kay-Uwe; Stojanovic, Nenad

    The market for Web advertisement is continuously growing and correspondingly, the number of approaches that can be used for realizing Web advertisement are increasing. However, current approaches fail to generate very personalized ads for a current Web user that is visiting a particular Web content. They mainly try to develop a profile based on the content of that Web page or on a long-term user's profile, by not taking into account current user's preferences. We argue that by discovering a user's interest from his current Web behavior we can support the process of ad generation, especially the relevance of an ad for the user. In this paper we present the conceptual architecture and implementation of such an approach. The approach is based on the extraction of simple events from the user interaction with a Web page and their combination in order to discover the user's interests. We use semantic technologies in order to build such an interpretation out of many simple events. We present results from preliminary evaluation studies. The main contribution of the paper is a very efficient, semantic-based client-side architecture for generating and combining Web events. The architecture ensures the agility of the whole advertisement system, by complexly processing events on the client. In general, this work contributes to the realization of new, event-driven applications for the (Semantic) Web.

  12. Evaluating the Influence of the Client Behavior in Cloud Computing.

    Souza Pardo, Mário Henrique; Centurion, Adriana Molina; Franco Eustáquio, Paulo Sérgio; Carlucci Santana, Regina Helena; Bruschi, Sarita Mazzini; Santana, Marcos José


    This paper proposes a novel approach for the implementation of simulation scenarios, providing a client entity for cloud computing systems. The client entity allows the creation of scenarios in which the client behavior has an influence on the simulation, making the results more realistic. The proposed client entity is based on several characteristics that affect the performance of a cloud computing system, including different modes of submission and their behavior when the waiting time between requests (think time) is considered. The proposed characterization of the client enables the sending of either individual requests or group of Web services to scenarios where the workload takes the form of bursts. The client entity is included in the CloudSim, a framework for modelling and simulation of cloud computing. Experimental results show the influence of the client behavior on the performance of the services executed in a cloud computing system. PMID:27441559

  13. Evaluating the Influence of the Client Behavior in Cloud Computing

    Centurion, Adriana Molina; Franco Eustáquio, Paulo Sérgio; Carlucci Santana, Regina Helena; Bruschi, Sarita Mazzini; Santana, Marcos José


    This paper proposes a novel approach for the implementation of simulation scenarios, providing a client entity for cloud computing systems. The client entity allows the creation of scenarios in which the client behavior has an influence on the simulation, making the results more realistic. The proposed client entity is based on several characteristics that affect the performance of a cloud computing system, including different modes of submission and their behavior when the waiting time between requests (think time) is considered. The proposed characterization of the client enables the sending of either individual requests or group of Web services to scenarios where the workload takes the form of bursts. The client entity is included in the CloudSim, a framework for modelling and simulation of cloud computing. Experimental results show the influence of the client behavior on the performance of the services executed in a cloud computing system. PMID:27441559

  14. Whisker: a client-server high-performance multimedia research control system.

    Cardinal, Rudolf N; Aitken, Michael R F


    We describe an original client-server approach to behavioral research control and the Whisker system, a specific implementation of this design. The server process controls several types of hardware, including digital input/output devices, multiple graphical monitors and touchscreens, keyboards, mice, and sound cards. It provides a way to access this hardware for client programs, communicating with them via a simple text-based network protocol based on the standard Internet protocol. Clients to implement behavioral tasks may be written in any network-capable programming language. Applications to date have been in experimental psychology and behavioral and cognitive neuroscience, using rodents, humans, nonhuman primates, dogs, pigs, and birds. This system is flexible and reliable, although there are potential disadvantages in terms of complexity. Its design, features, and performance are described. PMID:21139173

  15. Client Honeypot Based Drive by Download Exploit Detection and their Categorization

    Mandeep Sidhu


    Full Text Available Client side attacks are those which exploits the vulnerabilities in client side applications such as browsers, plugins etc. The remote attackers execute the malicious code in end user’s system without his knowledge. Here in this research, we propose to detect and measure the drive by download class of malware which infect the end user’s system through HTTP based propagation mechanism. The purpose of this research is to introduce a class of technology known as client honeypot through which we execute the domains in a virtual machine in more optimized manner. Those virtual machines are the controlled environment for the execution of those URLs. During the execution of the websites, the PE files dropped into the system are logged and further analyzed for categorization of malware. Further the critical analysis has been performed by applying some reverse engineering techniques to categories the class of malware and source of infections performed by the malware.

  16. Neurofeedback outcomes in clients with Asperger's syndrome.

    Thompson, Lynda; Thompson, Michael; Reid, Andrea


    This paper summarizes data from a review of neurofeedback (NFB) training with 150 clients with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) and 9 clients with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) seen over a 15 year period (1993-2008) in a clinical setting. The main objective was to investigate whether electroncephalographic (EEG) biofeedback, also called neurofeedback (NFB), made a significant difference in clients diagnosed with AS. An earlier paper (Thompson et al. 2009) reviews the symptoms of AS, highlights research findings and theories concerning this disorder, discusses QEEG patterns in AS (both single and 19-channel), and details a hypothesis, based on functional neuroanatomy, concerning how NFB, often paired with biofeedback (BFB), might produce a change in symptoms. A further aim of the current report is to provide practitioners with a detailed description of the method used to address some of the key symptoms of AS in order to encourage further research and clinical work to refine the use of NFB plus BFB in the treatment of AS. All charts were included for review where there was a diagnosis of AS or ASD and pre- and post-training testing results were available for one or more of the standardized tests used. Clients received 40-60 sessions of NFB, which was combined with training in metacognitive strategies and, for most older adolescent and adult clients, with BFB of respiration, electrodermal response, and, more recently, heart rate variability. For the majority of clients, feedback was contingent on decreasing slow wave activity (usually 3-7 Hz), decreasing beta spindling if it was present (usually between 23 and 35 Hz), and increasing fast wave activity termed sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) (12-15 or 13-15 Hz depending on assessment findings). The most common initial montage was referential placement at the vertex (CZ) for children and at FCz (midway between FZ and CZ) for adults, referenced to the right ear. Metacognitive strategies relevant to social understanding, spatial

  17. An Adaptive Priority Tuning System for Optimized Local CPU Scheduling using BOINC Clients

    Volunteer Computing (VC) is a Distributed Computing model which utilizes idle CPU cycles from computing resources donated by volunteers who are connected through the Internet to form a very large-scale, loosely coupled High Performance Computing environment. Distributed Volunteer Computing environments such as the BOINC framework is concerned mainly with the efficient scheduling of the available resources to the applications which require them. The BOINC framework thus contains a number of scheduling policies/algorithms both on the server-side and on the client which work together to maximize the available resources and to provide a degree of QoS in an environment which is highly volatile. This paper focuses on the BOINC client and introduces an adaptive priority tuning client side middleware application which improves the execution times of Work Units (WUs) while maintaining an acceptable Maximum Response Time (MRT) for the end user. We have conducted extensive experimentation of the proposed system and the results show clear speedup of BOINC applications using our optimized middleware as opposed to running using the original BOINC client.

  18. Client/consultant model services agreement

    International Federation of Consulting Engineers


    The terms of the Client Consultant Model Services agreement (The White Book) have been prepared by the Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs-Conseils (FIDIC) and are recommended for general use for the purposes of pre-investment and feasibility studies, designs and administration of construction and project management, where proposals for such services are invited on an international basis. They are equally adaptable for domestic agreements. - See more at:

  19. A client/server approach to telemedicine.

    Vaughan, B J; Torok, K E; Kelly, L M; Ewing, D J; Andrews, L T


    This paper describes the Medical College of Ohio's efforts in developing a client/server telemedicine system. Telemedicine vastly improves the ability of a medical center physician or specialist to interactively consult with a physician at a remote health care facility. The patient receives attention more quickly, he and his family do not need to travel long distances to obtain specialists' services, and the primary care physician can be involved in diagnosis and developing a treatment program [1, 2]. Telemedicine consultations are designed to improve access to health services in underserved urban and rural communities and reduce isolation of rural practitioners [3]. PMID:8563396

  20. Client-server computer architecture saves costs and eliminates bottlenecks

    This paper reports that workstation, client-server architecture saved costs and eliminated bottlenecks that BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. experienced with mainframe computer systems. In 1991, BP embarked on an ambitious project to change technical computing for its Prudhoe Bay, Endicott, and Kuparuk operations on Alaska's North Slope. This project promised substantial rewards, but also involved considerable risk. The project plan called for reservoir simulations (which historically had run on a Cray Research Inc. X-MP supercomputer in the company's Houston data center) to be run on small computer workstations. Additionally, large Prudhoe Bay, Endicott, and Kuparuk production and reservoir engineering data bases and related applications also would be moved to workstations, replacing a Digital Equipment Corp. VAX cluster in Anchorage

  1. Measuring client perceptions of motivational interviewing: factor analysis of the Client Evaluation of Motivational Interviewing scale.

    Madson, Michael B; Mohn, Richard S; Zuckoff, Allan; Schumacher, Julie A; Kogan, Jane; Hutchison, Shari; Magee, Emily; Stein, Bradley


    Motivational interviewing (MI) is an intervention approach that has solid evidence of efficacy with substance use disorders. Research and training have benefitted from the development of observational measures to assess MI fidelity and competence. However, one untapped area of assessment is the client perception of the clinician use of MI. Client perceptions of MI have been found through qualitative interviews to relate to motivation to change, view of the therapist and safety of therapy. The Client Evaluation of MI (CEMI) scale was developed to assess client perception of clinician MI use. This study further evaluated the CEMI through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis with a sample of 500 individuals with dual diagnosis pre-discharge from an inpatient unit. Participants completed an MI based session prior to completing CEMIs. A two factor (relational and technical) model explained 51.1% of the cumulative variance and was supported through confirmatory factor analysis. Suggestions for revisions are provided as well as potential uses of the CEMI and future directions for research. PMID:22999814

  2. Client involvement in home care practice: a relational sociological perspective

    Glasdam, Stinne; Henriksen, Nina; Kjær, Lone;


    Client involvement’ has been a mantra within health policies, education curricula and healthcare institutions over many years, yet very little is known about how ‘client involvement’ is practised in home-care services. The aim of this article is to analyse ‘client involvement’ in practise seen......, political and administrative frames that rule home- care practice. Client involvement is shown within four constructed analytical categories: ‘Structural conditions of providing and receiving home care’; ‘Client involvement inside the home: performing a professional task and living an everyday life......’; ‘Client involvement outside the home: liberal business and mutual goal setting’; and ‘Converting a home to a working place: refurnishing a life’. The meaning of involvement is depending on which position it is viewed from. On the basis of this analysis, we raise the question of the extent to which...

  3. Making participation accessible for vulnerable clients

    Louis Anthony Iaquinto


    Full Text Available Despite forty years of research, community sector service providers still find operationalising participation in their practice confusing and difficult.  This paper presents the results of a preliminary study that begins to question why this is so and what can be done about it?  The study examines the meaning and importance of participation determined by a review of the academic literature, by soliciting feedback from a range of stakeholders in community sector organisations, including service users with complex barriers to participation, staff, and board members.  The participants’ perspectives, views and experience of participation were obtained through the use of semi-structured interviews.  The data generated a number of telling examples of the impact organisational culture has on service delivery and how the values of the leadership shape the organization, as well as illustrations of the principles that underpin participation expressed from the standpoints of the three participant groups.  Study findings underscore the critical importance for service providers to consider their culture and its influences.   Keywords: organisational culture, vulnerable clients, client participation

  4. Promoting Client Goal Ownership in a Clinical Setting

    Laura H. VanPuymbrouck OTR/L


    Effective goal setting involves collaboration between the client and therapist and is an important component of occupational therapy practice. However, encouraging involvement and collaboration does not necessarily guarantee that client goals are incorporated into the treatment plan. The purpose of this innovative treatment program was to determine if providing a client with a venue for goal identification, documentation, and maintenance might impact participation and satisfaction in a day re...


    Risa Rumentha Simanjuntak


    Full Text Available This paper aims to make a critique to a chapter in Samuelsson-Browns (2010 A Practical Guide for Translators. The focus is on communication with clients for successful translation negotiations and decisions need to be fairly made. Following clients recommendations may result in intervening translators professionalism and impartiality. The paper argued that balance should be maintained between considering the needs of the clients and maintaining fidelity and impartiality, including ethics and morality aspects that often intertwined with the text.

  6. Client satisfaction and quality of health care in rural Bangladesh.

    Mendoza Aldana, J.; Piechulek, H.; al-Sabir, A.


    OBJECTIVE: To assess user expectations and degree of client satisfaction and quality of health care provided in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: A total of 1913 persons chosen by systematic random sampling were successfully interviewed immediately after having received care in government health facilities. FINDINGS: The most powerful predictor for client satisfaction with the government services was provider behaviour, especially respect and politeness. For patients this aspect was much more important than the technical competence of the provider. Furthermore, a reduction in waiting time (on average to 30 min) was more important to clients than a prolongation of the quite short (from a medical standpoint) consultation time (on average 2 min, 22 sec), with 75% of clients being satisfied. Waiting time, which was about double at outreach services than that at fixed services, was the only element with which users of outreach services were dissatisfied. CONCLUSIONS: This study underscores that client satisfaction is determined by the cultural background of the people. It shows the dilemma that, though optimally care should be capable of meeting both medical and psychosocial needs, in reality care that meets all medical needs may fail to meet the client's emotional or social needs. Conversely, care that meets psychosocial needs may leave the clients medically at risk. It seems important that developing countries promoting client-oriented health services should carry out more in-depth research on the determinants of client satisfaction in the respective culture. PMID:11436472

  7. Multi-client quantum key distribution using wavelength division multiplexing

    Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) exploits the rules of quantum mechanics to generate and securely distribute a random sequence of bits to two spatially separated clients. Typically a QKD system can support only a single pair of clients at a time, and so a separate quantum link is required for every pair of users. We overcome this limitation with the design and characterization of a multi-client entangled-photon QKD system with the capacity for up to 100 clients simultaneously. The time-bin entangled QKD system includes a broadband down-conversion source with two unique features that enable the multi-user capability. First, the photons are emitted across a very large portion of the telecom spectrum. Second, and more importantly, the photons are strongly correlated in their energy degree of freedom. Using standard wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) hardware, the photons can be routed to different parties on a quantum communication network, while the strong spectral correlations ensure that each client is linked only to the client receiving the conjugate wavelength. In this way, a single down-conversion source can support dozens of channels simultaneously--and to the extent that the WDM hardware can send different spectral channels to different clients, the system can support multiple client pairings. We will describe the design and characterization of the down-conversion source, as well as the client stations, which must be tunable across the emission spectrum.

  8. Dual diagnosis clients' treatment satisfaction - a systematic review

    Stirling John


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize existing evidence about treatment satisfaction among clients with substance misuse and mental health co-morbidity (dual diagnoses, DD. Methods We examined satisfaction with treatment received, variations in satisfaction levels by type of treatment intervention and by diagnosis (i.e. DD clients vs. single diagnosis clients, and the influence of factors other than treatment type on satisfaction. Peer-reviewed studies published in English since 1970 were identified by searching electronic databases using pre-defined search strings. Results Across the 27 studies that met inclusion criteria, high average satisfaction scores were found. In most studies, integrated DD treatment yielded greater client satisfaction than standard treatment without explicit DD focus. In standard treatment without DD focus, DD clients tended to be less satisfied than single diagnosis clients. Whilst the evidence base on client and treatment variables related to satisfaction is small, it suggested client demographics and symptom severity to be unrelated to treatment satisfaction. However, satisfaction tended to be linked to other treatment process and outcome variables. Findings are limited in that many studies had very small sample sizes, did not use validated satisfaction instruments and may not have controlled for potential confounders. A framework for further research in this important area is discussed. Conclusions High satisfaction levels with current treatment provision, especially among those in integrated treatment, should enhance therapeutic optimism among practitioners dealing with DD clients.

  9. The Competent Client and the Complexity of Dis-ability

    Randi Rolvsjord


    Full Text Available Clients and therapists in the interdisciplinary discourse of mental health and mental health care are described as dichotomous. In such a binary the client is defined in terms of weakness, pathology and passivity, while the therapist is described in terms of strengths, expertise and activity. This article aims to contribute to the destabilization of the client-therapist binary by offering a review of literature on competent clients. Perspectives from social models and cultural models in disability studies provide the theoretical frames for the discussion. Social constraints and oppression with regard to the dis-ability complex and discursive implications are discussed.

  10. Intelligent Automated Diagnosis of Client Device Bottlenecks in Private Clouds

    Widanapathirana, C; Sekercioglu, Y A; Ivanovich, M; Fitzpatrick, P; 10.1109/UCC.2011.42


    We present an automated solution for rapid diagnosis of client device problems in private cloud environments: the Intelligent Automated Client Diagnostic (IACD) system. Clients are diagnosed with the aid of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) packet traces, by (i) observation of anomalous artifacts occurring as a result of each fault and (ii) subsequent use of the inference capabilities of soft-margin Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifiers. The IACD system features a modular design and is extendible to new faults, with detection capability unaffected by the TCP variant used at the client. Experimental evaluation of the IACD system in a controlled environment demonstrated an overall diagnostic accuracy of 98%.

  11. The X-Files Investigating Alien Performance in a Thin-client World

    Gunther, N J


    Many scientific applications use the X11 window environment; an open source windows GUI standard employing a client/server architecture. X11 promotes: distributed computing, thin-client functionality, cheap desktop displays, compatibility with heterogeneous servers, remote services and administration, and greater maturity than newer web technologies. This paper details the author's investigations into close encounters with alien performance in X11-based seismic applications running on a 200-node cluster, backed by 2 TB of mass storage. End-users cited two significant UFOs (Unidentified Faulty Operations) i) long application launch times and ii) poor interactive response times. The paper is divided into three major sections describing Close Encounters of the 1st Kind: citings of UFO experiences, the 2nd Kind: recording evidence of a UFO, and the 3rd Kind: contact and analysis. UFOs do exist and this investigation presents a real case study for evaluating workload analysis and other diagnostic tools.

  12. Maximising health literacy and client recall of clinical information: An exploratory study of clients and speech-language pathologists

    Friderike Schmidt von Wûhlisch; Michelle Pascoe


    Limited research has been carried out in the field of speech-language pathology with regard to ways of maximising health literacy and client recall. However, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) frequently provide vast amounts of information that clients need to understand, apply and review in order to manage their (or their child’s) health. This exploratory study aimed to contribute information about ways in which SLPs can overcome low health literacy and poor client recall so that treatment ...


    Irwan Kristanto Julistiono; Hendra Lamidjan


    This paper is made from a multi-tier system using corba technology for hotel reservation program for web browser and also client program. Client software is connected to application server with Corba Connection and client and application server connect to SQL server 7.0. via ODBC. The are 2 types of client: web client and delphi client. In making web browser client application, we use delphi activex from technology, in where in this system made like making the regular form, but it has shortag...

  14. Client-Server Password Recovery (Extended Abstract)

    Chmielewski, Łukasz; van Rossum, Peter


    Human memory is not perfect - people constantly memorize new facts and forget old ones. One example is forgetting a password, a common problem raised at IT help desks. We present several protocols that allow a user to automatically recover a password from a server using partial knowledge of the password. These protocols can be easily adapted to the personal entropy setting, where a user can recover a password only if he can answer a large enough subset of personal questions. We introduce client-server password recovery methods, in which the recovery data are stored at the server, and the recovery procedures are integrated into the login procedures. These methods apply to two of the most common types of password based authentication systems. The security of these solutions is significantly better than the security of presently proposed password recovery schemes. Our protocols are based on a variation of threshold encryption that may be of independent interest.

  15. Client BitTorrent intel·ligent

    Torné Carné, Bernat


    L'objectiu més elemental que el projecte persegueix es basa en el desenvolupament d'un client BitTorrent complert i totalment funcional. A més, juntament amb aquest objectiu primari, volem desenvolupar un conjunt de funcionalitats i millores que ens diferenciïn dels clients BitTorrent ja existents.

  16. Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients

    American Psychologist, 2012


    The "Guidelines for Psychological Practice With Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients" provide psychologists with (a) a frame of reference for the treatment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients and (b) basic information and further references in the areas of assessment, intervention, identity, relationships, diversity, education, training, and…

  17. Women Empower Women: Volunteers and Their Clients in Community Service

    Kulik, Liat; Megidna, Hofit


    The study is aimed at examining the relationship between psychological empowerment of women volunteers and their clients in community volunteer projects in Israel. Based on an ecological approach, the study also aimed at examining whether the variables that explain empowerment of women who volunteer also explain empowerment of their clients. The…

  18. 31 CFR 10.21 - Knowledge of client's omission.


    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Knowledge of client's omission. 10.21 Section 10.21 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PRACTICE BEFORE THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE Duties and Restrictions Relating to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service § 10.21 Knowledge of client's omission....

  19. 31 CFR 10.28 - Return of client's records.


    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Return of client's records. 10.28 Section 10.28 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PRACTICE BEFORE THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE Duties and Restrictions Relating to Practice Before the Internal Revenue Service § 10.28 Return of client's records. (a)...

  20. Certification. Tool for quality? Market and client for radiation experts

    The role and impact of certification in the advisory work of radiation experts is briefly outlined. Certification is a guarantee for quality of the advice or a product in case there is a client and a market. In cases where there is not a client or a market certification will lead to 'window-dressing and a bureaucratic system

  1. Performance Consulting: Job Aids for Interacting with Clients.

    Chevalier, Roger


    Discussion of the human performance technology process focuses on interacting with clients. Describes a seven-step process that includes assessment; a performance consulting guide that explains the leadership process used in interacting with clients; and how to ask the right questions in the right order. (LRW)

  2. Client-Controlled Case Information: A General System Theory Perspective

    Fitch, Dale


    The author proposes a model for client control of case information via the World Wide Web built on principles of general system theory. It incorporates the client into the design, resulting in an information structure that differs from traditional human services information-sharing practices. Referencing general system theory, the concepts of…

  3. Promoting Client Goal Ownership in a Clinical Setting

    Laura H. VanPuymbrouck OTR/L


    Full Text Available Effective goal setting involves collaboration between the client and therapist and is an important component of occupational therapy practice. However, encouraging involvement and collaboration does not necessarily guarantee that client goals are incorporated into the treatment plan. The purpose of this innovative treatment program was to determine if providing a client with a venue for goal identification, documentation, and maintenance might impact participation and satisfaction in a day rehabilitation setting. Responses to a study satisfaction survey (Ss were taken at baseline and immediately postintervention from the experimental (N = 11 and control (N = 10 groups and attendance rates were compared between groups. Semi-structured post- intervention interviews were used to obtain qualitative feedback of the intervention. Minimal differences between the control and experimental group were found on the quantitative measures. However, unanticipated results to components were identified. Qualitative findings suggested that both patients and therapists felt the intervention created positive outcomes. This innovative program approach outlines basic strategies therapists can employ to provide a venue for client goal ownership focusing on client goal identification, client goal documentation, and client goal maintenance. While results do not support increases in self-efficacy, further research to explore the role of client-owned goals is suggested.

  4. Implications of Client Demands for R&E Activities.

    McGranahan, Pamela

    Potential clients for centralized school district organizations with formal responsibilities for research and evaluation include societies, federal and state governments, boards of education, superintendents, other administrators, principals, and teachers. Not all clients are equal. An historical review of the evaluation literature supports the…

  5. Rehabilitation Counseling Students' Perceptions of Obese Male and Female Clients.

    Kaplan, Steven P.


    Assessed attitudes of 72 rehabilitation counseling students toward normal to massively obese clients. Participants viewed pictures of clients and read additional information. Results showed students held negative attitudes toward massively obese people, particularly massively obese women, who were more likely to be perceived as needing…

  6. Integrating Social and Traditional Media in the Client Project

    Melton, James; Hicks, Nancy


    Based on a client project assigned to students in two undergraduate business classes, this article argues that social media learning is best done in a context that mixes social media with more traditional kinds of media. Ideally, this approach will involve teams of students who are working on different aspects of a larger client project. This…

  7. Communicating Social Support to Grieving Clients: The Veterinarians' View

    Pilgram, Mary D.


    This exploratory study examines veterinarians' perceptions of how they offer social support to grieving clients. Because many clients cannot find the social support they would like from other sources when grieving the death of a pet, the role of the vet in offering support becomes increasingly important. The results indicate that vets perceive…

  8. Client Suicide: Its Frequency and Impact on Counselors.

    McAdams, Charles R. III; Foster, Victoria A.


    Study reports the results of a national survey of 1000 professional counselors regarding the frequency and impact of client suicide. Counselors reported having intrusive and avoidant thoughts regarding the crisis that were higher than those of either psychologists or psychiatrists. Results indicate that the effects of client suicide have…

  9. The Challenge of Prejudice: Counsellors' Talk about Challenging Clients' Prejudices

    Spong, Sheila J.


    This paper considers the implications for training and practice of counsellors' responses to the notion of challenging clients' prejudices. It explores tensions in counselling discourse between social responsibility, responsibility to the client and responsibility for one's self as counsellor. Three focus groups of counsellors were asked whether a…

  10. 45 CFR 1608.7 - Attorney-client relationship.


    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Attorney-client relationship. 1608.7 Section 1608.7 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION PROHIBITED POLITICAL ACTIVITIES § 1608.7 Attorney-client relationship. Nothing in this part is intended to prohibit an attorney or staff attorney...

  11. Learning Creativity in the Client-Agency Relationship

    Suh, Taewon; Jung, Jae C.; Smith, Bruce L.


    Purpose: This study aims to investigate creativity-related determinants of learning in the context of business-to-business services and client-agency relationships. Design/methodology/approach: The research model includes client encouragement, agency creativity, campaign creativity, and perceived performance. The study involved conducting a…

  12. Factors Assisting Female Clients' Disclosure of Incest during Counseling.

    Josephson, Gilda S.; Fong-Beyette, Margaret L.


    Explored specific behaviors and characteristics of counselors that relate to adult, female clients' disclosure of incest during counseling. Suggests that factors related to initial disclosure and exploration of incest are client readiness, direct questioning by the counselor, specific counselor characteristics, and positive counselor reactions to…

  13. Do Organizational Culture and Climate Matter for Successful Client Outcomes?

    Silver Wolf, David A. Patterson; Dulmus, Catherine N.; Maguin, Eugene; Cristalli, Maria


    Objectives: The existing literature on the impact of workplace conditions on client care suggests that good cultures and climates provide the best outcomes for clients. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational culture and climate and the proportion of children and youth successfully discharged…

  14. Embodiment and Emotionality of Women Credit Clients: Scrutinizing Agency Constraints of Microcredit Clients in Sunamganj, Bangladesh

    A.H.M. Belayeth Hussain


    This paper unfolds how the agency practices of microcredit clients are produced and reproduced by the intended actions of agents in terms of ‘embodiment’ and ‘emotionality’. To justify the process, data of the present study were collected through in-depth informal interviews and an interview guideline was used for specific questions and issues in the view of analytical framework approach. Socio-cultural constructions within any particular society typify the agency exercise of a particular ...

  15. Client contribution in negotiations on employability – categories revised?

    Eskelinen, L.; Olesen, Søren Peter; Caswell, D.


    In this article, we explore how the institutional category ‘unemployed’ is specified in everyday practice when implementing an active employment policy. We illustrate the process of categorisation as an aspect of the in situ positioning and self-representation of the client by examining one social...... worker–client talk: how the category unemployed is shaped and ‘translated’ when the client negotiates her situation with the social worker. Two types of category revisions are identified. First, the employability of the client, rather than her unemployment situation, is the issue under negotiation....... Second, the client introduces new categories that are compatible with the demands of the employment system. She contributes by drawing on discursive resources related to the category of ‘active job seeker’ but does this with an own agenda of looking for a suitable job. The analysis elucidates the client’s...

  16. Mutual construction and reconstruction in client-consultant interaction

    Smith, Irene Skovgaard

    Based on preliminary interviews with client representatives and a pilot case study, the pa-per explores collaboration and mutual construction in client-consultant relationships. Both consultants and client actors take part in an active construction and reconstruction of knowledge that involve...... struggles over position, power and control. In the context of client-consultant interaction, it is thus not only ideas and solutions that are contested but also the power to define. Attention is paid to how ideas are brought into play and negotiated in the interaction between actors. The empirical material...... presented in the paper illustrates how consultancy projects evolve through processes of negotiation over whose interpretation should count and who should be in control. In the process, client actors with different posi-tions and interests play an active role in creating what become valid and what ideas are...

  17. Designing e-learning solutions with a client centred approach

    Ørngreen, Rikke; Nielsen, Janni; Levinsen, Karin


    focus on end-users and primarily address the phases succeeding the initial pre-analysis. The HCI approach lacks pre-analyses, including focusing on the client as a user of the product. With the point of departure in our study a private educational organisation within healthcare, we understand the client...... as the organisation that has initiated the e-learning project and needs to manage the e-learning system after its development. Through the Client Centred Design and in close collaboration with the client, three strategic issues are uncovered and strategic models are presented for each. These models...... are complementary perspectives in a Client Centred framework that is useable as the starting point for others in developing large scale e-learning projects....

  18. Subjective Experiences of Clients in a Voluntary Money Management Program.

    Serowik, Kristin L; Bellamy, Chyrell D; Rowe, Michael; Rosen, Marc I


    A large proportion of people diagnosed with mental illnesses have difficulty managing their money, and therefore many psychiatric treatments involve providing money management assistance. However, little is known about the subjective experience of having a money manager, and extant literature is restricted to people forced to work with a representative payee or conservator. In this study, fifteen people were interviewed about their experience receiving a voluntary money management intervention designed to minimize substance use. Clients emphasized the importance of trusting the money manager, financial mindfulness (an enhanced awareness of the financial transactions in clients' day-to-day lives), agency over their own affairs, and addiction. In contrast to evaluations of people assigned representative payees and/or conservators, there was little mention of feeling coerced. These findings suggest that money management programs can address client concerns by building trust, relating budgeting to clients' day-to-day lives, and encouraging clients' control over their own affairs. PMID:24605071

  19. E-mail security: mail clients must use encrypted protocols


    In the coming weeks, users of mail clients other than Outlook (e.g. Pine, Mozilla, Mac Mail, etc.) may receive an e-mail from with instructions to update the security settings of their mail client. The aim of this campaign is to enforce the use of encrypted and authenticated mail protocols in order to prevent the propagation of viruses and protect passwords from theft. As a first step, from 6 June 2006 onwards, access to mail servers from outside CERN will require a securely configured mail client as described in the help page On this page most users will also find tools that will update their mail client settings automatically. Note that Outlook clients and WebMail access are not affected. The Mail Team

  20. Client-server, distributed database strategies in a healthcare record system for a homeless population.

    Chueh, H C; Barnett, G O


    A computer-based healthcare record system being developed for Boston's Healthcare for the Homeless Program (BHCHP) uses client-server and distributed database technologies to enhance the delivery of healthcare to patients of this unusual population. The needs of physicians, nurses and social workers are specifically addressed in the application interface so that an integrated approach to healthcare for this population can be facilitated. These patients and their providers have unique medical information needs that are supported by both database and applications technology. To integrate the information capabilities with the actual practice of providers of care to the homeless, this computer-based record system is designed for remote and portable use over regular phone lines. An initial standalone system is being used at one major BHCHP site of care. This project describes methods for creating a secure, accessible, and scalable computer-based medical record using client-server, distributed database design. PMID:8130445

  1. A comparison of fusion breeder/fission client and fission breeder/fission client systems for electrical energy production

    A parametric study that evaluated the economic performance of breeder/client systems is described. The linkage of the breeders to the clients was modelled using the stockpile approach to determine the system doubling time. Since the actual capital costs of the breeders are uncertain, a precise prediction of the cost of a breeder was not attempted. Instead, the breakeven capital cost of a breeder relative to the capital cost of a client reactor was established by equating the cost of electricity from the breeder/client system to the cost of a system consisting of clients alone. Specific results are presented for two breeder/client systems. The first consisted of an LMFBR with LWR clients. The second consisted of a DT fusion reactor (with a 238U fission suppressed blanket) with LWR clients. The economics of each system was studied as a function of the cost of fissile fuel from a conventional source. Generally, the LMFBR/LWR system achieved relatively small breakeven capital cost ratios; the maximum ratio computed was 2.2 (achieved at approximately triple current conventional fissile material cost). The DTFR/LWR system attained a maximum breakeven capital cost ratio of 4.5 (achieved at the highest plasma quality (ignited device) and triple conventional fissile cost)


    Chesnokova, A.; Barvenko, O.; Radina, O.


    In this article examples of standard and non-standard points of contact with potential clients are given, their detection mechanisms are described and the examples on this subject from the practical experience of the authors are given as well. In recent years the term “customer focus” has appeared in the marketing departments of Russian service enterprises and in this article variants, where applicable this strategy, are given. The quality of service and what is behind this understanding to t...

  3. A WebGL-based virtual world client on a web browser

    Dahl, T. (Toni)


    The popularity of 3D virtual worlds has increased a lot in recent years and they are becoming essential enablers for providing interactive collaboration methods for people. Virtual worlds are also making their way in the real world with the help of augmented reality technologies. Currently, many service providers are trying to make it easier for users to access their virtual worlds. However, accessing a virtual world typically requires installing a separate client application that needs a dif...

  4. Can managers research their own services? An experiment in consulting frail, older community care clients.

    Patmore, C


    This article describes the test of a method for consulting frail older people about the quality of Social Services and their unmet needs. The method, home interviews by senior Social Services managers, was prompted by advice from older Social Services clients about how best to obtain their views. Results from the interview programme are presented, together with benefits arising specifically from using managers as interviewers and comments on future application of this approach.


    OLUWATAYO Adedapo Adewunmi


    Full Text Available Very few studies exist on the expectations of clients from architects. There are however, anecdotal evidences that architects may not fully grasp what is most important to their clients. As a pilot study, the aim of this paper was to investigate the expectations of clients from residential design services and architects’ perceptions of those expectations. A questionnaire was designed to suit the purpose of comparison of responses of the two groups.  The factor analysis conducted revealed that the expectations from design services could be described in terms of value, professionalism, and empathy. Using mean gap analysis, the study identified areas where architects have under-estimated the expectations of clients as well as those areas where the expectations have been over-estimated. The results would help architects to focus on areas, which are important to the clients and possibly reduce client dissatisfaction. This is study, which is one of the first on the subject, is limited in three ways. First, residential clients were the only ones considered. In addition, respondents were only taken from Nigeria and the sample size as well as the response rate was small.

  6. The Development and Validation of the Client Expectations of Massage Scale

    Boulanger, Karen T.; Campo, Shelly; Glanville, Jennifer L.; Lowe, John B.; Yang, Jingzhen


    Background: Although there is evidence that client expectations influence client outcomes, a valid and reliable scale for measuring the range of client expectations for both massage therapy and the behaviors of their massage therapists does not exist. Understanding how client expectations influence client outcomes would provide insight into how massage achieves its reported effects. Purpose: To develop and validate the Client Expectations of Massage Scale (CEMS), a measure of clients’ clinica...

  7. The Impact of Comprehensive Case Management on HIV Client Outcomes.

    Brennan-Ing, Mark; Seidel, Liz; Rodgers, Leslie; Ernst, Jerome; Wirth, Doug; Tietz, Daniel; Morretti, Antonio; Karpiak, Stephen E


    In 1990, New York State instituted Comprehensive Medicaid Case Management, also known as Target Case Management (TCM), for people dealing with multiple comorbid conditions, including HIV. The goal of TCM is to assist clients in navigating the health care system to increase care engagement and treatment adherence for individuals with complex needs. HIV-positive individuals engaged in care are more likely to be virally suppressed, improving clinical outcomes and decreasing chances of HIV transmission. The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of TCM management on outcomes for people with HIV. Data were obtained from Amida Care, which operates not-for-profit managed care Medicaid and Medicare Special Needs Plans (SNPs) for HIV clients. Changes in clinical, cost, as well as medical and pharmacy utilization data among TCM clients were examined between January 2011 through September 2012 from the start of case management enrollment through the end of the study period (i.e., up to 6 months after disenrollment). Additionally, CD4 counts were compared between Amida Care TCM clients and non-TCM clients. Notable findings include increased CD4 counts for TCM clients over the one-year study period, achieving parity with non-TCM clients (i.e., Mean CD4 count > 500). When looking exclusively at TCM clients, there were increases in medication costs over time, which were concomitant with increased care engagement. Current findings demonstrate that TCM is able to achieve its goals of improving care engagement and treatment adherence. Subsequent policy changes resulting from the Affordable Care Act and the New York State Medicaid Redesign have made the Health Home the administrator of TCM services. Government entities charged with securing and managing TCM and care coordination for people with HIV should provide thoughtful and reasonable guidance and oversight in order to maintain optimal clinical outcomes for TCM clients and reduce the transmission of HIV. PMID:26849561

  8. The AROW Health Link experience with client-based system design.

    Hambleton, Joshua


    This article outlines the experience of the Arnprior Region & Ottawa West (AROW) Health Link using a multi-dimensional engagement framework in the co-development of systems change with client representatives. The article outlines patient, organizational, and societal factors influencing client engagement. The key learning that has allowed the joint Client Engagement Committee to evolve has been the core of client leadership. Client-led tables and workgroups have fueled client-to-client engagement, which has shifted clients from being a part of the change to driving the change. PMID:27576856

  9. Better use of the potential offered by large-scale heat-pumps - Planning, applications, client's opinion; Potenziale von Gross-Waermepumpen besser nutzen. Konzeption, Anwendungen, Kundensicht

    Ehrbar, M.; Rognon, F. (eds.)


    These proceedings published by the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) include the contributions presented at the 13{sup th} Conference of the Research Programme on Ambient Heat, Combined Heat and Power Systems and Cold-generation that was held at the University of Applied Sciences in Burgdorf, Switzerland in 2006. At the conference, ten papers were presented that covered technical and political aspects of the use of large-scale heat-pumps for heating and cooling applications. As an introduction, Fabrice Rognon, head of the SFOE programme, took a look at the relevance of large heat-pumps in Swiss energy policy. Peter Hubacher discussed the advantages and disadvantages offered by centralised and decentralised heat-pump systems from the energy and economics points of view. Bernhard Eggen took a look at heat-source concepts for large heat-pumps while Rolf Loehrer discussed meeting temperature requirements when extracting heat. Patrice Anstett presented a paper on the measurement of the parameters of an air/water heat pump with CO{sub 2} as a working fluid used for hot water preparation. A paper on a combined heating and cooling system for a food warehouse complex in southern Switzerland was presented by Vinicio Curti. Beat Wellig described ways to avoid excessive power consumption in building air-conditioning systems using exergy analysis. Jean-Philippe Borel took a further look at heat and cold generation using heat-pumps that use geothermal probes as a thermal source. The use of large-scale heat-pump systems in contracting installations was examined by Georg Dubacher. Finally, reinsurance expert Primo Bianchi discussed if ecology and economy are inconsistent with each other. Two of these contributions, those of Peter Hubacher, who discussed the energy and economics of centralised and decentralised heat-pump systems and Jean-Philippe Borel, who examined heat and cold generation using geothermal probes as a thermal source, are also covered in two separately


    Sandra Sánchez Cañizares


    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es el de estudiar cómo las Entidades Financieras (EE.FF. responden a las cada vez más crecientes necesidades informativas generadas por los denominados “Stakeholders”. En concreto se analizan y comparan las prácticas de divulgación de información sobre clientes, así como sobre recursos humanos (RR.HH. por parte de las EE.FF. españolas, a través de la publicación de memorias de responsabilidad social. La elección de estas memorias presentadas de manera independiente de las memorias anuales se basa en la facilidad para la comparación que ofrece el modelo Global Reporting Initiative (GRI, y por otro, la consideración de una mayor idoneidad el uso de un documento especializado en temas socio-ambientales. Para el estudio de la información divulgada se va a emplear el método del análisis del contenido y la herramienta índice de divulgación, siendo ambos útiles para medir y comparar cómo las distintas entidades financieras informan sobre estos grupos de interés.

  11. Realization of client/server management information system of coal mine based on ODBC in geology and survey

    Liu, Q.; Mao, S.; Yang, F.; Han, Z. [Shandong University of Science and Technology (China). Geoscience Department


    The paper describes in detail the framework and the application theory of Open Database Connectivity (ODBC), the formation of a client/server system of geological and surveying management information system, and the connection of the various databases. Then systematically, the constitution and functional realization of the geological management information system are introduced. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  12. Evaluation of a server-client architecture for accelerator modeling and simulation

    Traditional approaches to computational modeling and simulation often utilize a batch method for code execution using file-formatted input/output. This method of code implementation was generally chosen for several factors, including CPU throughput and availability, complexity of the required modeling problem, and presentation of computation results. With the advent of faster computer hardware and the advances in networking and software techniques, other program architectures for accelerator modeling have recently been employed. Jefferson Laboratory has implemented a client/server solution for accelerator beam transport modeling utilizing a query-based I/O. The goal of this code is to provide modeling information for control system applications and to serve as a computation engine for general modeling tasks, such as machine studies. This paper performs a comparison between the batch execution and server/client architectures, focusing on design and implementation issues, performance, and general utility towards accelerator modeling demands

  13. Evaluation of a server-client architecture for accelerator modeling and simulation

    Traditional approaches to computational modeling and simulation often utilize a batch method for code execution using file-formatted input/output. This method of code implementation was generally chosen for several factors, including CPU throughput and availability, complexity of the required modeling problem, and presentation of computation results. With the advent of faster computer hardware and the advances in networking and software techniques, other program architectures for accelerator modeling have recently been employed. Jefferson Laboratory has implemented a client/server solution for accelerator beam transport modeling utilizing a query-based I/O. The goal of this code is to provide modeling information for control system applications and to serve as a computation engine for general modeling tasks, such as machine studies. This paper performs a comparison between the batch execution and server/client architectures, focusing on design and implementation issues, performance, and general utility towards accelerator modeling demands. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics

  14. Eleventh District nonprofits comment on clients' credit education needs

    Community Affairs Office


    In a recent Community Outlook Survey by the Dallas Fed's Community Development Office, several nonprofit service providers observed that credit scores were a main factor affecting low-to moderate-income clients' access to credit.

  15. The development of OPC client in BEPC II

    The OPC technology is being widely used today. This paper describes the advantages and relative concepts of the OPC. The main purpose is discussing the design and development of the OPC client in BEPC II. (authors)

  16. Business Client Segmentation in Banking Using Self-Organizing Maps

    Bach Mirjana Pejić; Juković Sandro; Dumičić Ksenija; Šarlija Nataša


    Segmentation in banking for the business client market is traditionally based on size measured in terms of income and the number of employees, and on statistical clustering methods (e.g. hierarchical clustering, k-means). The goal of the paper is to demonstrate that self-organizing maps (SOM) effectively extend the pool of possible criteria for segmentation of the business client market with more relevant criteria, including behavioral, demographic, personal, operational, situational, and cro...

  17. Effects of Therapist Gender on Client Communications in Marital Therapy

    Agee, Laurel C.


    The purpose of this study was to explore how therapist and client gender are associated with communication behaviors of males and females in marital therapy. The majority of research on therapist gender issues has been conducted with individual clients. Few data exist on the effects of therapist gender within marital therapy. This study examined the communication patterns of couples within a marital therapy setting and the influence of therapist gender on those patterns. Forty-six I 0-minute ...

  18. QUIP: Understanding Clients Through In-Depth Interviews



    QUIP (Qualitative in-depth individual impact assessment protocol) is a practical method to help managers of microfinance institutions (MFIs) better understand their clients through market research or impact assessment. Most managers would like to know who is benefiting and who is losing out from their services, and why this might be. This is vital information if they wish to design services that are effective and useful for clients.

  19. Participatory citizenship: critical perspectives on client-centred occupational therapy

    Fransen, Hetty; Pollard, Nicholas; Kantartzis, Sarah; Viana-Moldes, Ines


    Background/aims: This article aims to discuss client-centred practice, the current dominant approach within occupational therapy, in relation to participatory citizenship. Occupational therapists work within structures and policies that set boundaries on their engagement with clients, while working with complex, multidimensional social realities. Methods: The authors present a critical discussion shaped by their research, including a survey, discussions at workshops at international confer...

  20. Development of the Multicultural Competency Inventory-Client Version

    Cole, Elise Marie


    Family therapists face a dramatic increase in the cultural diversity of their clients. Multicultural competence will help family therapists meet the needs of their increasingly diverse clientele (Kocarek, Talbot, Batka, & Anderson, 2001). The measurement of multicultural competence is necessary in order to evaluate the outcomes of multicultural competence programs and the services that minority persons receive. This study reports the development of an instrument to assess clientsâ percept...

  1. An Empirical Evaluation of Web System Access for Smartphone Clients

    Scott Fowler; Katrin Hameseder; Anders Peterson


    As smartphone clients are restricted in computational power and bandwidth, it is important to minimise the overhead of transmitted messages. This paper identifies and studies methods that reduce the amount of data being transferred via wireless links between a web service client and a web service. Measurements were performed in a real environment based on a web service prototype providing public transport information for the city of Hamburg in Germany, using actual wireless links with a mobil...

  2. Attitudes of health science students towards clients with cancer

    Ogiwara, Shimpachiro; Ikezawa, Yoko; 荻原, 新八郎


    PURPOSE: To demonstrate attitudes of health science students towards clients with cancer (ATC). The objective was three-fold: 1) to describe health science students' ATC, 2) to compare ATC amongst health science students according to their professional discipline, academic seniority and gender, 3) to note whether their ATC differed according to: a) their experience with cancer clients during clinical placement; and/or b) their acquired perception through their class-work of the need for psych...

  3. Working with violent clients : staff explanations and actions

    Leggeft, J.A.


    The series of studies presented in this thesis test an attribution-emotionbehaviour model of helping versus violent retaliation (after Weiner, 1995) in professional groups at high risk of encountering violence in the workplace. Weiner's model predicts that staff who perceive violent incidents as within the control of the client will be more likely to experience anger and demonstrate a retaliatory response. Conversely, staff perceiving causes as uncontrollable by the client are more likely to ...

  4. Exploring the Complex Treatment Experiences of Eating Disorder Clients

    Brady, G


    This case report provides a description of a course of therapy with a client who presented to a specialist eating disorder service for treatment for her primary diagnosis of Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) but who also had a previous diagnosis of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). The client was treated primarily with Fairburn’s (2008) “transdiagnostic” model of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for eating disorders (CBT-E) with integrated conceptualisations and interventions from a CB...

  5. Construction Management or Contractor : A client´s choice

    Lindblom, Daniel; Isaksson, Jonathan


    Clients within the construction industry have become more aware of benefits that exist and can be reached when going through a major construction project, benefits that invite for efficiency improvements both during construction and its prophases. New methods of execution and their different advantages are evaluated. This change has opened the door for new business models such as Construction Management (CM) but it also demands the contractors to adapt and come up with more client-customized ...

  6. Client-centred ADL intervention after stroke: Occupational therapists' experiences.

    Ranner, Maria; von Koch, Lena; Guidetti, Susanne; Tham, Kerstin


    Background This study was conducted in the context of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of a client-centred activities in daily living intervention (CADL). The aim of the CADL was to enable agency in daily activities and participation in everyday life among persons with stroke. Objective This qualitative, longitudinal study aimed to describe how occupational therapists (OTs) applied the CADL in their clinical practice by studying their experiences and reflections concerning their interaction with the clients with stroke. Methods Six OTs who conducted the CADL were followed through interviews and observations on four separate occasions over one year. Data were analysed using a grounded theory approach. Results Sharing was the core category showing how the OTs helped their clients to achieve agency in daily activities. Through sharing the situation the OTs strove to obtain an empathetic understanding of the clients' lived experience throughout the whole intervention process in order to enable the clients' ownership of their daily activities. Conclusion The continuity of sharing seems to be the key for a gradual increase in agency. The approach of sharing should preferably be applied by all members of the interprofessional team, including the client and significant others. PMID:26654956

  7. Client capital as a source of enterprise cost

    Verba Veronika A.


    Full Text Available The article presents the authors’ vision of the essence of the client capital and its influence upon the enterprise cost. The goal of the article is explanation of the role of the client capital in the process of enterprise capitalisation with the help of the business cost capitalisation model: investments into assets – cash flow generation – enterprise capitalisation. The result of the study is the authors’ position regarding the essence and structuring the client capital, which gives a possibility to detect financial and managerial instruments of capitalisation of the client capital. The conducted analysis of dynamics of financial parameters of the world leaders of IT industry, car building, clothes manufacture and beverages production allows detection of interconnection of the enterprise cost with the volume of assets and profit and identification of influence of the client capital upon capitalisation of enterprises of various spheres of activity. The article develops a model of capitalisation of the client capital on the basis of detection of cash flows, caused by formation of enterprises of B2C and B2B types.

  8. Examining challenging behaviors of clients with borderline personality disorder.

    Chalker, Samantha A; Carmel, Adam; Atkins, David C; Landes, Sara J; Kerbrat, Amanda H; Comtois, Katherine Anne


    Few studies have examined effects of challenging behaviors of clients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) on psychotherapy outcomes. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is an evidence-based treatment designed to treat chronic suicidality, self-directed violence (SDV), and emotion dysregulation, while targeting challenging behaviors. DBT has been shown to be effective with clients with BPD. We evaluated whether therapist reported challenging behaviors, such as high volume phone contacts or violating the therapist's limits, during DBT would be associated with dropping out of DBT, severity and frequency of SDV, emotion regulation deficits, psychological symptom severity and client's and therapist's satisfaction of treatment. The current study examined challenging behaviors reported by therapists in a sample of 63 psychiatrically disabled outpatient DBT clients diagnosed with BPD (73% women, average age 37 years). More frequent phone contacts were associated with a decrease in dropout and psychological symptoms, and an increase in client and therapist satisfaction. More avoidance/disengagement behavior was associated with more than twice the risk of SDV and a decrease in therapist satisfaction. Findings suggest that the phone coaching might serve to maximize client satisfaction and reduce the likelihood of dropout. PMID:26496225

  9. Acerca de los clientes de las organizaciones de salud pública On the clients of public health organizations

    Júlia Duran


    Full Text Available Los servicios públicos han de responder y satisfacer a una diversidad de agentes: sus usuarios, los ciudadanos que pagan impuestos que los financian, los políticos, y el personal que trabaja en ellos. Para conseguir unos servicios públicos que pongan al ciudadano-usuario en el vértice de su funcionamiento habrá que conocer al cliente, sus expectativas, preferencias, quejas y satisfacción. Este manuscrito presenta el proceso de reflexión interna realizado en nuestra organización acerca de sus clientes, cuya naturaleza es muy distinta de los de una empresa industrial o comercial. Se plantea una tipología y el proceso que ha llevado a confeccionar un listado de clientes, y se plantean acciones que hay que realizar para mejorar los servicios desde su perspectiva.Public services must satisfy a variety of agents: users of these services, the citizens who pay the taxes that finance them, politicians, and those that work in them. To obtain public services that give priority to the citizen-user, knowledge of clients, their expectations, preferences, complaints and degree of satisfaction is essential. This article presents the process of internal discussion in our agency about its clients, who differ from those of an industrial or commercial organization. A proposal for the classification of clients, as well as the process that has led to a client portfolio, are presented and steps to improve services from the perspective of the client are suggested.

  10. Todos los clientes no son iguales: una perspectiva financiera sobre servicio al cliente para los gerentes de mercadeo


    Los gerentes colombianos estamos pensando en Servicio al Cliente como la próxima ventaja competitiva y una ayuda para contrarrestar los efectos de la recesión actual. Estamos cansados de buscar siempre en nuestra caja de herramientas de mercadeo y encontrar solamente el martillo del precio. Para diferenciamos de la competencia, hacerle al cliente menos sensible una diferencia en precio y encontrar una ventaja verdaderamente sostenible, sobre todo cuando le ofrecemos los beneficios de un produ...