Sample records for bwindi impenetrable national

  1. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park Conservation

    The World Bank; Uganda's Ministry of Tourism, Wildlife, and Antiquities


    Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park protect some of the most biologically diverse tropical forests in East Africa. Both parks conserve rare and dwindling Afromontane and Afro-alpine. Mgahinga represents the Ugandan share of the Virungas Volcanoes range and is contiguous with the Virungas National Park in the Republic of Congo and Parc National des Volcans in Rwanda. Up to fifty mountain gorillas use Mgahinga for part of the year. It is also home to nu...

  2. Tourism, livelihoods and biodiversity conservation : an assessment of tourism related policy interventions at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP), Uganda

    Ahebwa, W.M.


    Over the last two decades, the developing world has focused on attempting to reconcile conservation and development with nature-based tourism as one of the main mechanisms. To address the twin challenge of achieving conservation and development at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, in 1993 tourism was introduced. According to the logic of Integrated Conservation and Development (ICD) approaches for tourism to earn the support of communities for conservation, there must be meaningful b...

  3. Gastrointestinal bacterial transmission among humans, mountain gorillas, and livestock in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda.

    Rwego, Innocent B; Isabirye-Basuta, Gilbert; Gillespie, Thomas R; Goldberg, Tony L


    Habitat overlap can increase the risks of anthroponotic and zoonotic pathogen transmission between humans, livestock, and wild apes. We collected Escherichia coli bacteria from humans, livestock, and mountain gorillas (Gorilla gorilla beringei) in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, from May to August 2005 to examine whether habitat overlap influences rates and patterns of pathogen transmission between humans and apes and whether livestock might facilitate transmission. We genotyped 496 E. coli isolates with repetitive extragenic palindromic polymerase chain reaction fingerprinting and measured susceptibility to 11 antibiotics with the disc-diffusion method. We conducted population genetic analyses to examine genetic differences among populations of bacteria from different hosts and locations. Gorilla populations that overlapped in their use of habitat at high rates with people and livestock harbored E. coli that were genetically similar to E. coli from those people and livestock, whereas E. coli from gorillas that did not overlap in their use of habitats with people and livestock were more distantly related to human or livestock bacteria. Thirty-five percent of isolates from humans, 27% of isolates from livestock, and 17% of isolates from gorillas were clinically resistant to at least one antibiotic used by local people, and the proportion of individual gorillas harboring resistant isolates declined across populations in proportion to decreasing degrees of habitat overlap with humans. These patterns of genetic similarity and antibiotic resistance among E. coli from populations of apes, humans, and livestock indicate that habitat overlap between species affects the dynamics of gastrointestinal bacterial transmission, perhaps through domestic animal intermediates and the physical environment. Limiting such transmission would benefit human and domestic animal health and ape conservation. PMID:18717695

  4. Park gazettement and integrated conservation and development as factors in community conflict at Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Uganda.

    Baker, Julia; Milner-Gulland, E J; Leader-Williams, Nigel


    Conflicts between protected-area managers and local people are common, but the drivers of conflict are rarely analyzed. This limits opportunities to identify strategies that reduce conflict and the magnitude of resulting threats to conservation. Integrated conservation and development (ICD) was adopted at Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Uganda, to reduce conflict during gazettement of the national park, but the success of this approach remains contested. We retrieved documents of conflict written by park staff and local people from 1986 through 2000 (before, during, and after gazettement). We extracted data on 48 incidences of violent conflict and categorized them by gazettement period, area, instigator, and type to undertake a historical analysis of the triggers of violent conflict at Bwindi. Before and during gazettement, local villagers instigated most of the conflict incidents when law-enforcement efforts sought to halt commercial activities within Bwindi. No conflict arose from the arrest of villagers collecting subsistence resources during these periods. After gazettement, prohibitions on commercial activities continued to drive conflict even though villagers collecting subsistence resources were arrested more frequently than before gazettement, and local attitudes toward the park had improved following receipt of ICD benefits. Law-enforcement efforts targeted commercial activities to reduce this threat to Bwindi's mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the activities remained important income sources for people in villages near Bwindi. Losing commercial income following gazettement therefore appeared to be their primary motivation for instigating conflict with park rangers. Prohibitions on subsistence resource use triggered conflict less often. Our use of typologies for a multivariate conflict analysis demonstrates that by identifying differences between effects of conservation as drivers of conflict, conflict analysis can enable a more

  5. Sleeping tree choice by Bwindi chimpanzees.

    Stanford, Craig B; O'Malley, Robert C


    Unlike nearly all other nonhuman primates, great apes build sleeping nests. In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, chimpanzees build nests nightly and also build day nests. We investigated patterns of nest tree use by Bwindi chimpanzees to understand ecological influences on nest tree selection. We analyzed data on 3,414 chimpanzee nests located from 2000 to 2004. Chimpanzees at Bwindi were selective in their use of nest trees. Of at least 163 tree species known to occur in Bwindi [Butynski, Ecological survey of the Impenetrable (Bwindi) Forest, Uganda, and recommendations for its conservation and management. Report to the Government of Uganda, 1984], chimpanzees utilized only 38 species for nesting. Of these, four tree species (Cassipourea sp., Chrysophyllum gorungosanum, Drypetes gerrardii, and Teclea nobilis) accounted for 72.1% of all nest trees. There was considerable variation in nesting frequencies among the top four species between and within years. However, these species were used significantly more often for nesting than other species in 70.9% (39 of 55) of the months of this study. A Spearman rank correlation found no significant relationship between tree abundance and tree species preference. Ninety-three percent of all nests were constructed in food tree species, although not necessarily at the same time the trees bore food items used by chimpanzees. The results indicate that nesting tree species preferences exist. Bwindi chimpanzees' choice of nesting tree species does not appear to be dependent on tree species density or use of the tree for food. We discuss possible reasons for the selectivity in nest trees by the Bwindi population. PMID:18381629

  6. Tourism, conservation and livelihoods: the impacts of gorilla tracking at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda.

    Sandbrook, C. G.


    Integrated Conservation and Development (ICD) initiatives that seek to incorporate human needs into protected area management have become common conservation practice. A popular ICD tool is nature-based tourism, which should deliver funding for conservation and benefits to local people, thereby encouraging them to support sustainable resource management. This "ecotourism" is attractive in theory, but its performance has been understudied in practice. In particular, little is known about how b...

  7. Involvement and Participation : Practices and perceptions in collaborative resource management: the case of Bwindi National Park,Uganda


    Uganda is one of the most biologically diverse countries in Africa. Most of its biodiversity is represented within a system of national parks, wild life reserves and forest reserves. In 1991, Bwindi forest was turned into a National Park which led to conflicts between communities and park managers due to resource use restrictions. In 1996, a strategy of local participation was established by Uganda Wildlife Authority. This strategy included the involvement of local people in benefit sharing, ...

  8. Non-invasive Sampling Strategy for Monitoring Free-ranging Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla berengi berengi) Fecal Corticoid Excretion in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, South-Western Uganda

    J.B. Nizeyi; S.L. Monfort, N.M. Taha, M. Cranfield and K. Gilardi


    Health monitoring of the critically endangered mountain gorilla (Gorilla berengei berengei) as one of the strategies for their conservation requires establishment of non-invasive methods that do not interfere with their natural behaviors. Therefore a fecal sampling strategy was established for use in assessing their adrenocortical activity non-invasively by investigating corticoid distribution along the fecal strand, possible existence of fecal corticoid excretion rhythms and environmental ef...

  9. Non-invasive Sampling Strategy for Monitoring Free-ranging Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla berengi berengi Fecal Corticoid Excretion in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, South-Western Uganda

    J.B. Nizeyi


    Full Text Available Health monitoring of the critically endangered mountain gorilla (Gorilla berengei berengei as one of the strategies for their conservation requires establishment of non-invasive methods that do not interfere with their natural behaviors. Therefore a fecal sampling strategy was established for use in assessing their adrenocortical activity non-invasively by investigating corticoid distribution along the fecal strand, possible existence of fecal corticoid excretion rhythms and environmental effect. Fecal samples were collected from nests and along the trails, preserved in 99.7% ethanol and analyzed using validated ICN RIA. The results revealed that gorilla fecal corticoid concentrations increased till 72 h after defecation and thereafter began to decline towards the original levels. At 60 h the corticoid levels began showing significant difference (p0.05, SC; p = 0.65. There was a strong similarity (SC = 0.79 and ICC = 0.75 between corticoid concentrations of previous night nest and morning trail fecals; supporting the assumption among field workers that gorillas defecate in the nests early morning just before they leave their nests. No difference (S; p>0.05 in corticoid levels among the fecal strand sections was observed. Thus corticoids measured from any section of the firm fecal strand up to 60 h post-defecation effectively represent the non rhythmic fecal corticoid excretory profile, offering the best non-invasive and non-intrusive sampling strategy for study of corticoids in this species.

  10. Correlation radius for one-dimensional impenetrable bosons

    Completely integrable partial differential equations for equal-time temperature correlators of impenetrable bosons are obtained. The explicit formulae valid for any density and temperature are given for the correlation radius. (author). 13 refs

  11. Induced vacuum polarization of scalar field by impenetrable magnetic tube

    Gorkavenko, V M; Stepanov, O B


    We investigated the influence of external magnetic field in the tube on the vacuum of massive charged scalar field for the case of arbitrary space-time dimension. The tube is considered impenetrable for scalar field and obeys Dirichlet boundary condition on bounding surface. It was shown that for particular case of 2+1 dimensional space-time the induced vacuum energy of scalar field outside the tube can be numerically calculated without regularization procedure. The dependencies of the induced vacuum energy upon distance from the tube under the different values of transversal radius of it were obtained.

  12. Temperature correlators of the impenetrable Bose gas as an integrable system

    It is shown that the temperature equal-time correlators of impenetrable bosons in one space dimension are described by a classical integrable system. Partial differential equations for two-point as well as for multipoint correlators are obtained. The short-distance and low-density expansions are constructed. (author). 12 refs

  13. Long-distance asymptotics of temperature correlators of the impenetrable Bose gas

    The inverse scattering method is applied to the integrable nonlinear system describing temperature correlators of the impenetrable bosons in one space dimension. The corresponding matrix Riemann problems are constructed for two-point as well as for multi-point correlators. Long-distance asymptotics of two-point correlators is calculated. (author). 8 refs

  14. Casimir force induced by an impenetrable flux tube of finite radius

    Gorkavenko, V M; Stepanov, O B


    A perfectly reflecting (Dirichlet) boundary condition at the edge of an impenetrable magnetic-flux-carrying tube of nonzero transverse size is imposed on the charged massive scalar matter field which is quantized outside the tube. We show that the vacuum polarization effects give rise to a macroscopic force acting at the increase of the tube radius under the steady magnetic flux.

  15. Modeling the Impenetrable Barrier to Inward Transport of Ultra-relativistic Radiation Belt Electrons

    Tu, W.; Cunningham, G.; Chen, Y.; Baker, D. N.; Henderson, M. G.; Reeves, G. D.


    It has long been considered that the inner edge of the Earth's outer radiation belt is closely correlated with the minimum plasmapause location. However, recent discoveries by Baker et al. [1] show that it is not the case for ultra-relativistic electrons (2-10 MeV) in the radiation belt. Based on almost two years of Van Allen Probes/REPT data, they find that the inner edge of highly relativistic electrons is rarely collocated with the plasmapause; and more interestingly, there is a clear, persistent, and nearly impenetrable barrier to inward transport of high energy electrons, observed to locate at L~2.8. The presence of such an impenetrable barrier at this very specific location poses a significant puzzle. Using our DREAM3D diffusion model, which includes radial, pitch angle, and momentum diffusion, we are able to simulate the observed impenetrable barrier of ultra-relativistic electrons. The simulation demonstrates that during strong geomagnetic storms the plasmapause can be compressed to very low L region (sometimes as low as L~3), then strong chorus waves just outside the plasmapause can locally accelerate electrons up to multiple-MeV; when storm recovers, plasmapause moves back to large L, while the highly-relativistic electrons generated at low L continue to diffuse inward and slow decay by pitch angle diffusion from plasmaspheric hiss. The delicate balance between slow inward radial diffusion and weak pitch angle scattering creates a fixed inner boundary or barrier for ultra-relativistic electrons. The barrier is found to locate at a fixed L location, independent of the initial penetration depth of electrons that is correlated with the plasmapause location. Our simulation results quantitatively reproduce the evolution of the flux versus L profile, the L location of the barrier, and the decay rate of highly energetic electrons right outside the barrier. 1Baker, D. N., et al. (2014), Nearly Impenetrable Barrier to Inward Ultra-relativistic Magnetospheric

  16. Casimir energy and force induced by an impenetrable flux tube of finite radius

    Gorkavenko, V M; Stepanov, O B


    A perfectly reflecting (Dirichlet) boundary condition at the edge of an impenetrable magnetic-flux-carrying tube of nonzero transverse size is imposed on the charged massive scalar matter field which is quantized outside the tube. We show that the vacuum polarization effects outside the tube give rise to a macroscopic force acting at the increase of the tube radius (if the magnetic flux is held steady). The Casimir energy and force are periodic in the value of the magnetic flux, being independent of the coupling to the space-time curvature scalar. We conclude that a topological defect of the vortex type can polarize the vacuum of only those quantum fields that have masses which are much less than a scale of the spontaneous symmetry breaking.

  17. Analytical characterization and numerical approximation of interior eigenvalues for impenetrable scatterers from far fields

    We characterize the interior eigenvalues of a class of impenetrable, non-absorbing scattering objects from the spectra of the corresponding far field operators for a continuum of wave numbers. Our proof simplifies arguments from the original proof for Dirichlet scattering objects given in Eckmann and Pillet (1995 Commun. Math. Phys. 170 283–313) and furthermore extends to the cases of Neumann and Robin scattering objects. Further, the analytical characterization of interior eigenvalues of a scatterer can be exploited numerically. We present an algorithm that approximates interior eigenvalues from far field data without knowing the scattering object, we give several numerical examples for different scatterers and sound-hard as well as sound-soft boundary conditions, and we finally show through numerical examples that this algorithm remains stable under noise. (paper)

  18. Vacuum current and magnetic field induced by an impenetrable flux tube. Dirichlet problem

    Gorkavenko, Volodymyr M


    We consider the vacuum polarization effects created by a finite radius magnetic-flux-carrying tube that is impenetrable for quantum matter. The vacuum polarization depends on the choice of a boundary condition at the edge of the tube. We impose a perfectly reflecting (Dirichlet) boundary condition at the edge of the tube on the charged massive scalar matter field which is quantized outside the tube. We find that a current is induced in the vacuum of the quantized scalar field and it circulates around the tube. As a consequence of the Maxwell equation, a magnetic field strength is also induced in the vacuum and is directed along the tube. We restrict our consideration to a plane case. The behavior of the current and the field strength is comprehensively analyzed. In contrast to the model of singular magnetic filament, magnetic field strength is finite at the edge of the string. Induced vacuum effects strongly depend on the tube radius $r_0$. They are quite negligible at $mr_0 > 1$, whereas it becomes noticeabl...

  19. Local development planning and bats in the UK : “an impenetrable fog” ?

    Cohen, Keith


    This study was supported by RPS Group plc (Planning & Development) Despite national and international protection, and the focus of conservation biology research, UK bat populations remain under threat from development. Cumulative impacts from development threaten bat populations with the “death of a thousand cuts”: direct mortality; loss of roost spaces; increasing road traffic and wind turbines killing more bats; disturbance, fragmentation and degradation of habitat may increase mortal...

  20. Nation

    Østergaard, Uffe


    Nation er et gammelt begreb, som kommer af det latinske ord for fødsel, natio. Nationalisme bygger på forestillingen om, at mennesker har én og kun én national identitet og har ret til deres egen nationalstat. Ordet og forestillingen er kun godt 200 år gammel, og i 1900-tallet har ideologien bredt...... sig over hele verden. Nationalisme er blevet global....

  1. Profiling unauthorized natural resource users for better targeting of conservation interventions.

    Harrison, Mariel; Baker, Julia; Twinamatsiko, Medard; Milner-Gulland, E J


    Unauthorized use of natural resources is a key threat to many protected areas. Approaches to reducing this threat include law enforcement and integrated conservation and development (ICD) projects, but for such ICDs to be targeted effectively, it is important to understand who is illegally using which natural resources and why. The nature of unauthorized behavior makes it difficult to ascertain this information through direct questioning. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda, has many ICD projects, including authorizing some local people to use certain nontimber forest resources from the park. However, despite over 25 years of ICD, unauthorized resource use continues. We used household surveys, indirect questioning (unmatched count technique), and focus group discussions to generate profiles of authorized and unauthorized resource users and to explore motivations for unauthorized activity. Overall, unauthorized resource use was most common among people from poor households who lived closest to the park boundary and farthest from roads and trading centers. Other motivations for unauthorized resource use included crop raiding by wild animals, inequity of revenue sharing, and lack of employment, factors that created resentment among the poorest communities. In some communities, benefits obtained from ICD were reported to be the greatest deterrents against unauthorized activity, although law enforcement ranked highest overall. Despite the sensitive nature of exploring unauthorized resource use, management-relevant insights into the profiles and motivations of unauthorized resource users can be gained from a combination of survey techniques, as adopted here. To reduce unauthorized activity at Bwindi, we suggest ICD benefit the poorest people living in remote areas and near the park boundary by providing affordable alternative sources of forest products and addressing crop raiding. To prevent resentment from driving further unauthorized activity, ICDs should be


    Gustavo Javier Martínez


    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se concibe en el marco de un estudio de la etnomedicina de los pueblos tobas (qom del Chaco Central, Argentina, y  pretende mostrar - a partir de la caracterización de la misma y del estado actual de los procesos de salud/enfermedad- algunos de los desafíos que supone una gestión intercultural en materia de salud en la región conocida como Impenetrable chaqueño. Para ello nos detendremos en la consideración de tres aspectos: Las prácticas médicas tradicionales en el sistema sanitario local, la salud materno- infantil, y las problemáticas de salud vinculadas al ambiente. Desde el punto de vista metodológico discutiremos algunos marcos teóricos y el estado actual en torno a estas temáticas, a la luz de información de campo obtenida de la conjunción de técnicas cualitativas, cuantitativas y participativas. Analizaremos para ello la complejidad del sistema etnomédico vigente en la región; los conflictos y articulación entre los diferentes escenarios y actores locales; las representaciones, pensamientos y praxis de las mujeres tobas vinculadas al ciclo vital; y por último, los conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de los nativos en relación con los cambios ambientales y con las enfermedades a ellos asociadas. Como síntesis y corolario de cada una de estas temáticas, exponemos posibles lineamientos y sugerencias en orden a la gestión intercultural de la salud, considerando el contexto de pluralismo médico vigente, así como el aporte de diversos enfoques interdisciplinares de investigación y acción, tales como las perspectivas etnoecológicas y los estudios de epidemiología crítica y comunitaria.   Palabras claves: tobas; Chaco Central; Impenetrable; salud; interculturalidad; etnomedicina.   Abstract The following article is conceived as part of a study of ethnomedicine of the people Toba (Qom of the Central Chaco, Argentina, and aims to show - by characterizing of it and of  the current state of

  3. Private-community Partnerships: Investigating a New Approach to Conservation and Development in Uganda

    Wilber Manyisa Ahebwa


    Full Text Available Nature-based tourism is well recognised as a tool that can be used for neoliberal conservation. Proponents argue that such tourism can provide revenue for conservation activities, and income generating opportunities and other benefits for local people living at the destination. Private-Community Partnerships (PCPs are a particular form of hybrid intervention in which local benefits are claimed to be guaranteed through shared ownership of the tourism venture. In this paper, we evaluate one such partnership involving a high-end tourist eco-lodge at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. We examine the introduction, development, and implementation of this partnership using the policy arrangement approach. This is done through analysing the actors involved and excluded in the process, the emergence of coalitions and forces, power relations, the governing rules, and the role of framing discourses. The analysis reveals that the technical conceptualisation of the partnership arrangement failed to take proper account of political and contextual factors, resulting in escalating conflict up to the national level. The paper concludes that while more time is needed to evaluate the full impact of hybrid neoliberal approaches such as PCP, the unbalanced power relations they imply can create fertile conditions for political conflict that ultimately undermines their ′win-win′ goals.

  4. False promise or false premise? Using tourism revenue sharing to promote conservation and poverty reduction in Uganda

    David Mwesigye Tumusiime


    Full Text Available Tourism and the sharing of the associated revenues with local people have been increasingly fronted as key instruments for maintaining protected areas (PAs globally. This paper focuses on a tourism revenue sharing scheme employed in Uganda′s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, involving rural farmers. We find that the scheme faces difficulties in integrating with the existing local historical, socio-economic, and institutional landscapes. Similar experiences from other cases suggest that these challenges are generic, and relate to lack of real local participation; an insignificant scale of economic returns to local people relative to costs; inept institutions in charge of planning, managing and evaluation efforts; and an institutional complexity that constrains most activities. We conclude that although tourism revenue sharing is an appealing concept, and its oft-quoted logic of promoting conservation and rural development is difficult to ignore, it is challenging to plan and implement in competent ways. We do not suggest abandoning tourism revenue sharing, but rather believe that a more concerted effort to overcome the mechanism′s economic and institutional shortcomings, as identified in this paper, may be more appropriate. The overall findings indicate that problems are not with tourism revenue sharing as an ambition, but with the difficulties encountered in putting it into practice.

  5. Nation/non-nation

    Sonnichsen, André; Gad, Ulrik Pram


    Is nationality the only way of organizing political community? Given the ubiquity of the national principle, one might think so. But, in practice, the national principle is constantly challenged by what can be termed non-national identities. This article looks at manners in which such deviating...... identities can be conceptualized, how contemporary European states have attempted to deal with them when they arise and to what extent non-national modes of organizing political community can point towards a challenge to the national principle itself. In its capacity as an introduction to the special issue......, this article seeks to frame the subsequent articles within the overarching theme of the tension between national and non-national communities in contemporary Europe....

  6. Responsible nations

    Lippert-Rasmussen, Kasper


    In National Responsibility and Global Justice, David Miller defends the view that a member of a nation can be collectively responsible for an outcome despite the fact that: (i) she did not control it; (ii) she actively opposed those of her nation's policies that produced the outcome; and (iii...... cooperative practice model*ground neither synchronic nor diachronic national responsibility, nor apply in the case of nations generally speaking....

  7. HCAHPS - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The national average for the HCAHPS survey categories. HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital patients about their experiences during a recent...

  8. Payment - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment measures – national data. This data set includes national-level data for the payment measures associated with a 30-day episode of care for heart attack,...

  9. Complications - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications - national data. This data set includes national-level data the hip/knee complication measure, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...

  10. Culinary nationalism.

    Ferguson, Priscilla Parkhurst


    Culinary consciousness raisers, cooking texts often serve as vehicles of national identification. From Pampille (Marthe Allard Daudet) and her cookbook, Les Bons Plats de France, in 1913 to the international culinary competitions of today such as the Bocuse d'or, culinary distinction promotes national interests. In contrast to the strident nationalism of the early twentieth century, culinary nationalism today operates in an increasingly globalized world. National culinary distinction defines the nation and sells its products in a highly competitive international arena. A recent culinary text, the South Korean film Le Grand Chef [Sik Gaek ] (2007), illustrates the phenomenon, subsuming national culinary promotion in a mega culinary competition, all in the service of Korean culinary achievement. PMID:21539054

  11. Nationalism in Contemporary Nation States

    Larsen, Christian Albrekt


    cases and countries with an overweight of national liberals, e.g. the US, and an overweight of de-constructivists, e.g. Japan, that are not well-captured by Kohn’s original framework. Furthermore, the study finds changes in nation-perceptions, especially in Eastern Europe, that point to the possibility...... in this and previous empirical studies. The article uses three rounds of ISSP data on national identity, which enables analyses across 44 countries and across two decades. The article applies MCA-analyses, as the first in the field. The article finds congruence between public criteria for being national and measures...... of national proudness, national belonging, attitudes to foreign mass media content and attitudes towards migration and migrations. The congruence supports the established two dimensional conceptual framework and demonstrates the presence of competing nation-perceptions within countries. However, the articles...

  12. Cooking Nation

    Tuori, Salla


    Abstract This article explores the discourses of multiculturalism and gender equality in relation to nation-building in Finland. The two discourses relate differently to the nation so that gender equality is seen as inherent to the nation while multiculturalism is seen as a challenge posed from outside. Nevertheless, the two discourses are dependent upon each other and cite each other. The material for the ...

  13. National laboratories

    The foundation of a 'National Laboratory' which would support a Research center in synchrotron radiation applications is proposed. The essential features of such a laboratory differing of others centers in Brazil are presented. (L.C.)

  14. National database

    Kristensen, Helen Grundtvig; Stjernø, Henrik


    Artikel om national database for sygeplejeforskning oprettet på Dansk Institut for Sundheds- og Sygeplejeforskning. Det er målet med databasen at samle viden om forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter inden for sygeplejen.......Artikel om national database for sygeplejeforskning oprettet på Dansk Institut for Sundheds- og Sygeplejeforskning. Det er målet med databasen at samle viden om forsknings- og udviklingsaktiviteter inden for sygeplejen....

  15. Nation First

    He Tao


    In addition to the success of onomic integration,the ultural effects of globalization have been considerable.The increasingly globalized culture creates the potential to alter the way people identify themselves,eroding geographic boundaries as well as local and national cultures.While the West was happily appreciating this gift from globalization,they found themselves involved in an unexpected wave of reemerging nationalism in many countries.

  16. Globalization Nationalized

    Mazlish Bruce


    Globalism and globalization have been seen as competitors to other allegiances, namely regionalism and nationalism. A look at recent efforts at reconceptualizing global history in China, Korea and the U.S., however, suggests that this competition is overdrawn, and that nationalist agendas in particular have found their way into global studies.

  17. Impenetrable Mass-Imbalanced Particles in One-Dimensional Harmonic Traps

    Salami Dehkharghani, Amin; Volosniev, A. G.; Zinner, N. T.


    interactions are either vanishing or infinitely strong with focus on the mass-imbalanced case. We discuss a possible (semi)-analytical approach to describe systems using hyperspherical coordinates where the interaction is effectively decoupled from the trapping potential. As an illustrative example we analyze...... mass-imbalanced four-particle two-species mixtures with strong interactions between the two species. For such systems we calculate the energies, densities and pair-correlation functions....

  18. Ultrawideband Noise Radar Imaging of Impenetrable Cylindrical Objects Using Diffraction Tomography

    Hee Jung Shin


    Full Text Available Ultrawideband (UWB waveforms achieve excellent spatial resolution for better characterization of targets in tomographic imaging applications compared to narrowband waveforms. In this paper, two-dimensional tomographic images of multiple scattering objects are successfully obtained using the diffraction tomography approach by transmitting multiple independent and identically distributed (iid UWB random noise waveforms. The feasibility of using a random noise waveform for tomography is investigated by formulating a white Gaussian noise (WGN model using spectral estimation. The analytical formulation of object image formation using random noise waveforms is established based on the backward scattering, and several numerical diffraction tomography simulations are performed in the spatial frequency domain to validate the analytical results by reconstructing the tomographic images of scattering objects. The final image of the object based on multiple transmitted noise waveforms is reconstructed by averaging individually formed images which compares very well with the image created using the traditional Gaussian pulse. Pixel difference-based measure is used to analyze and estimate the image quality of the final reconstructed tomographic image under various signal-to-noise ratio (SNR conditions. Also, preliminary experiment setup and measurement results are presented to assess the validation of simulation results.

  19. The virial theorem for the smoothly and sharply, penetrably and impenetrably confined hydrogen atom.

    Katriel, Jacob; Montgomery, H E


    Confinement of atoms by finite or infinite boxes containing sharp (discontinuous) jumps has been studied since the fourth decade of the previous century, modelling the effect of external pressure. Smooth (continuous) counterparts of such confining potentials, that depend on a parameter such that in an appropriate limit they coincide with the sharp confining potentials, are investigated, with an emphasis on deriving the corresponding virial and Hellmann-Feynman theorems. PMID:22998251

  20. The virial theorem for the smoothly and sharply, penetrably and impenetrably confined hydrogen atom

    Katriel, Jacob [Department of Chemistry, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel) and Nazareth Academic Institute, Nazareth 16100 (Israel); Montgomery, H. E. Jr. [Chemistry Program, Centre College, Danville, Kentucky 40422 (United States)


    Confinement of atoms by finite or infinite boxes containing sharp (discontinuous) jumps has been studied since the fourth decade of the previous century, modelling the effect of external pressure. Smooth (continuous) counterparts of such confining potentials, that depend on a parameter such that in an appropriate limit they coincide with the sharp confining potentials, are investigated, with an emphasis on deriving the corresponding virial and Hellmann-Feynman theorems.

  1. Quantum recurrences in a one-dimensional gas of impenetrable bosons.

    Solano-Carrillo, E


    It is well-known that a dilute one-dimensional (1D) gas of bosons with infinitely strong repulsive interactions behaves like a gas of free fermions. Just as with conduction electrons in metals, we consider a single-particle picture of the resulting dynamics, when the gas is isolated by enclosing it into a box with hard walls and preparing it in a special initial state. We show, by solving the nonstationary problem of a free particle in a 1D hard-wall box, that the single-particle state recurs in time, signaling the intuitively expected back-and-forth motion of a free particle moving in a confined space. Under suitable conditions, the state of the whole gas can then be made to recur if all the particles are put in the same initial momentum superposition. We introduce this problem here as a modern instance of the discussions giving rise to the famous recurrence paradox in statistical mechanics: on one hand, our results may be used to develop a poor man's interpretation of the recurrence of the initial state observed [T. Kinoshita et al., Nature 440, 900 (2006)] in trapped 1D Bose gases of cold atoms, for which our estimated recurrence time is in fair agreement with the period of the oscillations observed; but this experiment, on the other hand, has been substantially influential on the belief that an isolated quantum many-body system can equilibrate as a consequence of its own unitary nonequilibrium dynamics. Some ideas regarding the latter are discussed. PMID:26565225

  2. Vacuum energy induced by an impenetrable flux tube of finite radius

    Gorkavenko, V M; Stepanov, O B; 10.1142/S0217751X11054346


    We consider the effect of the magnetic field background in the form of a tube of the finite transverse size on the vacuum of the quantized charged massive scalar field which is subject to the Dirichlet boundary condition at the edge of the tube. The vacuum energy is induced, being periodic in the value of the magnetic flux enclosed in the tube. The dependence of the vacuum energy density on the distance from the tube and on the coupling to the space-time curvature scalar is comprehensively analyzed.

  3. Vacuum Energy Induced by AN Impenetrable Flux Tube of Finite Radius

    Gorkavenko, V. M.; Sitenko, Yu. A.; Stepanov, O. B.


    We consider the effect of the magnetic field background in the form of a tube of the finite transverse size on the vacuum of the quantized charged massive scalar field which is subject to the Dirichlet boundary condition at the edge of the tube. The vacuum energy is induced, being periodic in the value of the magnetic flux enclosed in the tube. The dependence of the vacuum energy density on the distance from the tube and on the coupling to the space-time curvature scalar is comprehensively analyzed.

  4. National Development Generates National Identities


    The purpose of the article is to test the relationship between national identities and modernisation. We test the hypotheses that not all forms of identity are equally compatible with modernisation as measured by Human Development Index. The less developed societies are characterised by strong ascribed national identities based on birth, territory and religion, but also by strong voluntarist identities based on civic features selected and/or achieved by an individual. While the former decreases with further modernisation, the latter may either decrease or remain at high levels and coexist with instrumental supranational identifications, typical for the most developed countries. The results, which are also confirmed by multilevel regression models, thus demonstrate that increasing modernisation in terms of development contributes to the shifts from classical, especially ascribed, identities towards instrumental identifications. These findings are particularly relevant in the turbulent times increasingly dominated by the hardly predictable effects of the recent mass migrations. PMID:26841050

  5. Nation branding and sustainable competitiveness of nations

    Lee, Kyung Mi


    Considering the importance of explaining how a nation brand is effectively managed and how nation branding aligns the nation's brand with country management so as to gain competitiveness, this research aims to assess the role of nation branding and to create a strategic management tool for nation br


    I. E. Kochedykov


    The article discusses the various types of nationalism in Moldova through the prism of methodological constructivism. The author distinguishes such types of nationalism as a nationalism of minorities. the new nationalism of nationalizing State and the nationalism of external national homelands to which minorities belong, or may consider themselves as belonging on cultural foundations, as well as nationalism immigrants. The author demostates their interweaving and interaction, as well as a pos...

  7. "Heiligtum der Nation"? "National Sanctuary"

    Insa Eschebach


    Full Text Available Das als „Kultstätte deutschen Wesens“ bei Hohenstein in Ostpreußen 1926/27 errichtete Tannenberg-Nationaldenkmal existiert nicht mehr; es wurde im Januar 1945 von der im Rückzug begriffenen Wehrmacht gesprengt und geriet in Vergessenheit. Diesen Bau aus seiner weitgehenden „damnatio memoriae“ herauszulösen, ist das erklärte Anliegen der Studie von Jürgen Tietz, der die Geschichte dieser Monumentalanlage aus einem architektur- und motivgeschichtlichen Blickwinkel rekonstruiert. Darüber hinaus untersucht Tietz aber auch die öffentlichen Nutzungen und die unterschiedlichen Gedenkfunktionen des Denkmals sowie zeitgenössische Memorialbauten.Meant to serve as a “place of cultural interest of German nature”, the Tannenberg national monument at the Hohenstein in East Prussia, erected in 1926/7, does not longer exist; in January 1945, it was blown up by the retreating Wehrmacht and subsequently forgotten. With his book, Jürgen Tietz aims to revive interest in the memorial. He reconstructs its history from a architectural point of view, paying especial interest to motifs and their history. Furthermore, he examines the public uses of the building and its various functions as a place of commemoration as well as contemporary memorial sites.

  8. National Down Syndrome Society

    ... with Down Syndrome Since 1979 National Down Syndrome Society 8 E 41st Street, 8th Floor New York ... Program! The mission of the National Down Syndrome Society is to be the national advocate for the ...

  9. Haleakala National Park Boundary

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — The park boundary of Haleakala National Park was digitized from USGS quadrangle maps. Haleakala National Park was established in September 1960. Recent NPS land...

  10. National Environmental Policy Act

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was the first major environmental law in the United States and established national environmental policies for the...

  11. National Wetlands Inventory Polygons

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Wetland area features mapped as part of the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI). The National Wetlands Inventory is a national program sponsored by the US Fish and...

  12. National Health Information Center

    ... ODPHP National Health Information Center National Health Information Center The National Health Information Center (NHIC) is sponsored ... interest View the NHO calendar . Federal Health Information Centers and Clearinghouses Federal Health Information Centers and Clearinghouses ...

  13. National Convective Weather Diagnostic

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current convective hazards identified by the National Convective Weather Detection algorithm. The National Convective Weather Diagnostic (NCWD) is an automatically...

  14. National Health Expenditure Data

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — National Health Expenditure Accounts are comprised of the following, National Health Expenditures - Historical and Projected, Age Estimates, State Health...

  15. National Wetlands Inventory Lines

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Linear wetland features (including selected streams, ditches, and narrow wetland bodies) mapped as part of the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI). The National...

  16. National Airspace System Resources

    Department of Transportation — National Airspace System Resources (NASR) maintains the national aeronautical information database, containing static data related to NAS facilities and operations....


    Sağer, Turan


    Natıonal marches began to appear in the 18 th century. İn which capitalism developed, national feelings awakend and the life of the nation started. The words of a national marches is the mirror of the national character in the period when it is written. For Turks, different marches were composed for different Sultans until 1921. But there was no a national marches. The first national marches initiative was made in 1909 in Sultan Reşat’s period, but it failed. After the poem written by Mehmet ...

  18. New Mexico National Cemeteries

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — The United States Department of Veterans Affairs National Cemetery Administration maintains 2 national cemeteries in the state of New Mexico; the Fort Bayard...

  19. National Rosacea Society

    Skip to main content National Rosacea Society Improving 16 million lives through awareness, education and research National Rosacea Society Main menu For Patients For Physicians Rosacea Review Research Grants ...

  20. Patient survey (HCAHPS) - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The national average for the HCAHPS survey categories. HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital patients about their experiences during a recent...

  1. National Environmental Research Parks


    The National Environmental Research Parks are outdoor laboratories that provide opportunities for environmental studies on protected lands that act as buffers around Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The research parks are used to evaluate the environmental consequences of energy use and development as well as the strategies to mitigate these effects. They are also used to demonstrate possible environmental and land-use options. The seven parks are: Fermilab National Environmental Research Park; Hanford National Environmental Research Park; Idaho National Environmental Research Park; Los Alamos National Environmental Research Park; Nevada National Environmental Research Park; Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park; and Savannah River National Environmental Research Park. This document gives an overview of the events that led to the creation of the research parks. Its main purpose is to summarize key points about each park, including ecological research, geological characteristics, facilities, and available databases.

  2. National Forest Boundaries

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This theme shows the USFS national forest boundaries in the state. This data was acquired from the GIS coordinators at both the Chippewa National Forest and the...

  3. National Emission Inventory (NEI)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This data exchange allows states to submit data to the US Environmental Protection Agency's National Emissions Inventory (NEI). NEI is a national database of air...

  4. National Drug IQ Challenge

    ... Drug & Alcohol IQ Challenge 2016 National Drug & Alcohol IQ Challenge Get Started! Correct/Total Questions: Score: Other ... accessible version of the 2016 National Drug & Alcohol IQ Challenge , [PDF, 637KB]. Download an accessible version of ...

  5. Regional National Cooperative Observer

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA publication dedicated to issues, news and recognition of observers in the National Weather Service Cooperative Observer program. Issues published regionally...

  6. Heart Attack Payment - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment for heart attack patients measure – national data. This data set includes national-level data for payments associated with a 30-day episode of care for...

  7. Sandia National Laboratories

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — For more than 60 years, Sandia has delivered essential science and technology to resolve the nation[HTML_REMOVED]s most challenging security issues. Sandia National...

  8. National Register Historic Districts

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — The National Register Historic District layer is a shape file showing the boundaries of Historic Districts that are listed on the National Register of Historic...

  9. National Lymphedema Network

    ... and article archives // Knowledge and support National Lymphedema Network News Stay up to date with NLN activities and goings-on. Follow the National Lymphedema Network newsfeed below. Also, see the following links for ...

  10. 2015 National Nation-Level Geography Geodatabase

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  11. National accounting and capital

    John M. Hartwick


    National Accounting and Capital presents definitive solutions to current problems in national accounting practice. Professor Hartwick deals expertly with problems in accounting natural capital, financial capital and skills capital and communicates his solutions in specially designed national accounting tables or matrices.

  12. Formation of Modern Nations and National Identity

    Rychlík, Jan

    Praha : Masarykův ústav a Archiv AV ČR, 2010 - (Vašek, R.; Rychlík, J.), s. 138-148 ISBN 978-80-86495-63-7. [Identity ve střední a jihovýchodní Evropě. Sofija (BG), 08.05.2006] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70900502 Keywords : modern nations * national identity * East Europe Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. National Romanticism: The Formation of National Movements

    Trencsenyi, Balazs; Kopecek, Michal; Akifs, Mehmed; Andrian-Werburg, Viktor Von; Bălcescu, Nicolae; Bărnuţiu, Simion; Beron, Petar; Berzsenyi, Dániel; Bey, Osman Hamdi; Borovský, Karel Havlíček; Botev, Hristo; Brătianu, Ion C.; Buszczyński, Stefan; Drašković, Janko; D’istria, Dora


    This is the second of the four-volume series, a daring project of CEU Press, presenting the most important texts that triggered and shaped the processes of nation-building in the many countries of Central and Southeast Europe. 67 texts, including hymns, manifestos, articles or extracts from lengthy studies exemplify the relation between Romanticism and the national movements in the cultural space ranging from Poland to the Ottoman Empire. Each text is accompanied by a presentation of the auth...

  14. Banal Nationalism in ESL Textbooks

    Gulliver, Trevor


    Despite repeating claims that Canadians are less nationalistic than members of other nations, English as a second language (ESL) textbooks often participate in banal repetitions of nation-ness and nationalism. This banal nationalism takes the form of the marking of nation through flags, maps, routine deixis, and nationalized symbols. This study…

  15. Bacteria penetrate the normally impenetrable inner colon mucus layer in both murine colitis models and patients with ulcerative colitis

    Johansson, Malin E. V.; Gustafsson, Jenny K.; Holmén-Larsson, Jessica; Jabbar, Karolina S.; Xia, Lijun; Xu, Hua; Ghishan, Fayez K.; Carvalho, Frederic A.; Gewirtz, Andrew T; Sjövall, Henrik; Hansson, Gunnar C.


    Objective The inner mucus layer in mouse colon normally separates bacteria from the epithelium. Do humans have a similar inner mucus layer and are defects in this mucus layer a common denominator for spontaneous colitis in mice models and ulcerative colitis (UC)? Methods and results The colon mucus layer from mice deficient in Muc2 mucin, Core 1 O-glycans, Tlr5, interleukin 10 (IL-10) and Slc9a3 (Nhe3) together with that from dextran sodium sulfate-treated mice was immunostained for Muc2, and...

  16. Electrostatic interactions in the adhesion of an ion-penetrable and ion-impenetrable bacterial strain to glass

    Poortinga, AT; Busscher, HJ; Bos, R.R.M.


    Deposition to glass of Streptococcus salivarius HB-C12 and Staphylococcus epidermidis 3399 in a parallel plate flow chamber has been studied as a function of ionic strength. Electrophoretic mobility measurements revealed that S. epidermidis 3399 possesses a thick ion-penetrable layer, probably assoc

  17. Photon-impenetrable, electron-permeable: the carbon nanotube forest as a medium for multiphoton thermal-photoemission.

    Vahdani Moghaddam, Mehran; Yaghoobi, Parham; Sawatzky, George A; Nojeh, Alireza


    Combining the photoelectric and thermionic mechanisms to generate free electrons has been of great interest since the early days of quantum physics as exemplified by the Fowler-DuBridge theory, and recently proposed for highly efficient solar conversion. We present experimental evidence of this combined effect over the entire range spanning room-temperature photoemission to thermionic emission. Remarkably, the optical stimulus alone is responsible for both heating and photoemission at the same time. Moreover, the current depends on optical intensity quadratically, indicating two-photon photoemission, for intensities of ca. 1-50 W/cm(2), which are orders of magnitude below the intensities required for two-photon photoemission from bulk metals. This surprising behavior appears to be enabled by the internal nanostructure of the carbon nanotube forest, which captures photons effectively, yet allows electrons to escape easily. PMID:25769341

  18. Nationalism, Gender and Welfare

    Siim, Birte; Stoltz, Pauline

    Feminist scholars have pointed out that constructions of gender and gender equality are embedded in national narratives and politics of belonging (Yuval-Davis 2011; Siim & Mokre 2013). This paper aims to explore gendered approaches to nationalism and to discuss how nationalism in Scandinavia is a...... migration and globalization would be to transcend methodological nationalism and the exclusive notions of solidarity tied to the nation state and formulate more inclusive notions of solidarity and justice....... associated with ‘social democratic’ perceptions of welfare and gender equality. Brochmann and Hagelund (2010) have pointed towards a specific form of Scandinavian welfare nationalism which is challenged by globalization and increased migration. We add that gender equality is a key aspect of the Scandinavian...

  19. National HIV Testing Day


    Dr. Kevin A. Fenton, Director of CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, discusses National HIV Testing Day, an annual observance which raises awareness of the importance of knowing one's HIV status and encourages at-risk individuals to get an HIV test.  Created: 6/9/2011 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 6/9/2011.




    Today, branding is such a strong force that hardly anything goes unbranded. Branding in global markets poses several challenges to the marketers. A key decision is the choice between global and nationals brands. This article gives the answers to the questions: what is, what is need for, what are the advantages, costs and risks of global and national brands? All go to the following conclusion: use global brands where possible and national brands where necessary.




    Full Text Available Today, branding is such a strong force that hardly anything goes unbranded. Branding in global markets poses several challenges to the marketers. A key decision is the choice between global and nationals brands. This article gives the answers to the questions: what is, what is need for, what are the advantages, costs and risks of global and national brands? All go to the following conclusion: use global brands where possible and national brands where necessary.

  2. Banal nationalism in practice

    Koefoed, Lasse Martin

    construction of negative representations of ‘others' in e.g. the media and public discourses. This paper takes the opposite perspective. I will argue that what have been quite underestimated and unrecognized is how banal and mundane practices in everyday life (re)produce political discourses and nationalism....... The paper falls into four parts. First, I outline the problem in a broader European context. Second, the paper extends and elaborates on concepts such as everyday life nationalism, social poetics of the nation-state and banal nationalism. Third, the paper illustrates, on the basis of an interview analysis...

  3. Performing Nation, Performing Difference

    Jensen, Lars

    Baz Luhrmann's Australia is simultaneously a film made for an Australian and an international audience. One of the interesting question this raises is how Luhrmann performs the nation for the national and the international audience. The film's juxtaposition of the national epic of pioneering, or ...... nation building, on the one side and the stark historical realism of the stolen generations + the backdrop of the second world war bombing of Darwin by the Japanese collectively creates a number of interwoven narratives in the tapestry that forms Australian cultural history....

  4. National Center for PTSD

    ... Minority Veterans Plain Language Surviving Spouses & Dependents Adaptive Sports Program ADMINISTRATION Veterans Health Administration Veterans Benefits Administration National Cemetery Administration U.S. Department of Veterans ...

  5. National Transuranic Program Charter

    The National Transuranic Program Plan and Charter describes the functional elements of the National TRU Program, organizational relationships, programmatic responsibilities, division of work scope among the various DOE organizations that comprise the program, and program baselines against which overall progress will be measured. The charter defines the authorities and responsibilities of various organizations involved in the management of TRU waste throughout the DOE complex



    1 Development Goals Defined China’s 12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development (2011-15) was approved by the National People’s Congress, the country’s top legislature, on March 14. Focusing on building a green economy, China plans to cut energy consumption and carbon dioxide

  7. Denmark's National Inventory Report

    Illerup, J. B.; Lyck, E.; Winther, M.;

    This report is Denmark's National Inventory Report reported to the Conference of the Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) due by 15 April 2001. The report contains information on Denmark's inventories for all years' from 1990 to 1999 for CO2, CH4, N2O, ......, NMVOC, SO2, HFCs, PFCs and SF6....

  8. Denmark's National Inventory Report

    Illerup, J. B.; Lyck, E.; Winther, M.

    This report is Denmark's National Inventory Report reported to the Conference of the Parties under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) due by 15 April 2001. The report contains information on Denmark's inventories for all years' from 1990 to 1999 for CO2, CH4, N2O, CO...

  9. Rondocubism versus National Style

    Hnídková, Vendula

    -, 8 November (2010), s. 1-21. ISSN 2190-3328 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : National Style * Czech architecture * Czech design Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage


    Turan SAĞER


    Full Text Available Natıonal marches began to appear in the 18 th century. İn which capitalism developed, national feelings awakend and the life of the nation started. The words of a national marches is the mirror of the national character in the period when it is written. For Turks, different marches were composed for different Sultans until 1921. But there was no a national marches. The first national marches initiative was made in 1909 in Sultan Reşat’s period, but it failed. After the poem written by Mehmet Akif Ersoy was accepted in T.B.M.M. in 1921, musical composition contest was announced. There were 24 compositions in the contest. The interest which was showed for poetry was not showed for compositions because of the war yesrs of the period. After that, a committee assembled in the Ministry of Education in 1924 declared Ali Rıfat Çağatay’s composition as the first composition, accepted it as the national marches and announced this event around the country. But, the other compositions which were in the contest were played and sung in the different parts of the country until 1930. In 1930, A. Rıfat Çağatay’s composition was cancelled and Osman Zeki Üngör’s composition was accepted as The national march.

  11. Holy Nations. Global Identities

    Along with the processes of globalisation and the end of the cold war we have seen an upsurge in religious nationalism and an increasing focus on the role of religion as a legitimising force in democratic secular states. Holy Nations & Global Identities draws on the combined theoretical and...

  12. Value of care - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Value of care displays – national data. This data set includes national-level data for the value of care displays associated with a 30-day episode of care for...

  13. Opportunities for First Nations

    Moura, Rodrigo [Anaia Global (Canada)


    The recent development of wind energy project creates opportunities for First Nations. Although they are interested by such projects, First Nations nevertheless have questions such about how they can be a part of the wind industry, what are their rights, what investment would they need to make, and how to judge if they are getting a favourable deal. This presentation aimed at answering those questions an maintained that wind energy would bring social and economic development to First Nations communities as well as diversifying their sources of revenue. Several companies offer their services to First Nations and Anaia Global is a company which helps aboriginal people identify to promote their investment opportunities in renewable energy projects and benefit from the technology transferred to them. This presentation showed that there are significant opportunities for First Nations in the wind energy sector and that Anaia Global is focusing on helping them seize these opportunities.

  14. Liberal nationalism on immigration

    Lægaard, Sune


    Liberal nationalists such as David Miller and Will Kymlicka have claimed that liberal principles have implausible implications with regard to the issue of immigration. They hold that nationality should play a normative role in this regard, and that this is necessary in order to justify restrictions...... on immigration. The present chapter discusses the envisaged role for considerations of nationality with regard to admission and residence, and examines the actual implications of arguments advanced by liberal nationalists as to why nationality should play this role. It is argued that the connection...... between nationality and immigration on liberal nationalist premises is not as straightforward as one might expect, and that the addition of considerations of nationality to liberal principles makes no practical difference with regard to reasons for restricting immigration or criteria of selection among...

  15. National 5 physics

    Baillie, Arthur


    A full course textbook for the new National 5 Physics syllabus!. This book is designed to act as a valuable resource for pupils studying National 5. Physics. It provides a core text which adheres closely to the SQA syllabus, with. each section of the book matching a unit of the syllabus, and each chapter. corresponding to a content area. It is an ideal - and comprehensive - teaching and. learning resource for National 5 Physics. In addition to the core text, the book. contains a variety of special features: For Interest, Research Tasks, Activities, Questions, Worked Examples, and Consolidation

  16. United nations Orchestra


    MusiClub United nations Orchestra An organizing committee has taken the initiative to create an Orchestra of the united nations at Geneva. In the context of this initiative, musicians in the following categories are invited to become members of the Orchestra and the Association: Active or retired staff of International organizations in Geneva; Active or retired employees of Permanent Missions to the United Nations at Geneva; as well as children and spouses of the above persons. For enrolment or for additional information, please contact:

  17. National Nursing Home Survey

    The National Nursing Home Survey provides includes characteristics such as size of nursing home facilities, ownership, Medicare/Medicaid certification, occupancy rate, number of days of care provided, and expenses.

  18. NAIP National Metadata

    Farm Service Agency, Department of Agriculture — The NAIP National Metadata Map contains USGS Quarter Quad and NAIP Seamline boundaries for every year NAIP imagery has been collected. Clicking on the map also...

  19. National Emission Inventory

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Emission Inventory contains measured, modeled, and estimated data for emissions of all known source categories in the US (stationary sources, fires,...

  20. National Pesticide Information Center

    National Pesticide Information Center 1.800.858.7378 Index A B C D E F ... Your Pest Control Your Pest Integrated Pest Management Pesticide Ingredients Active Ingredients Other/Inert Ingredients Pesticide Products ...

  1. Climatological Data National Summary

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The CDNS was published from 1950 - 1980. Monthly and annual editions contain summarized climatological information from the following publications: Local...

  2. National Energy Balance - 1984

    The National Energy Balance - 1984 shows energy fluxes of several primary and secondary energy sources, since the productions to final consumption in the main economic sectors, since 1973 to 1983. (E.G.)

  3. National Energy Balance - 1985

    The National Energy Balance - 1985 shows energy fluxes of several primary and secondary energy sources, since the production to the final consumption in the main economic sectors, since 1974 to 1984 (E.G.)

  4. National Energy Balance-1987

    The National Energy Balance - 1987 showns energy fluxes of several primary and secondary energy sources, since the production to final consumption in the main economic sectors, since 1971 to 1986. (E.G.)

  5. Healthcare Associated Infections - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) measures - national data. These measures are developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and...

  6. National Rural Health Association

    ... Programs Overview State Rural Health Associations Rural Medical Education Rural Health Fellows Rural Health Fellows Program Application Volunteer Options NRHA Social Media Rural Health Students Education Liason Program National Rural Task Force NRHA Internships Government Affairs Save Rural ...

  7. National Health Interview Survey

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is the principal source of information on the health of the civilian noninstitutionalized population of the United...

  8. Outpatient Imaging Efficiency - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Use of medical imaging - national data. These measures give you information about hospitals' use of medical imaging tests for outpatients. Examples of medical...

  9. The National Ignition Facility

    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) is the largest construction project ever undertaken at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). NIF consists of 192 forty-centimeter-square laser beams and a 10-m-diameter target chamber. NIF is being designed and built by an LLNL-led team from Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, the University of Rochester, and LLNL. Physical construction began in 1997. The Laser and Target Area Building and the Optics Assembly Building were the first major construction activities, and despite several unforeseen obstacles, the buildings are now 92% complete and have been done on time and within cost. Prototype component development and testing has proceeded in parallel. Optics vendors have installed full-scale production lines and have done prototype production runs. The assembly and integration of the beampath infrastructure has been reconsidered and a new approach has been developed. This paper will discuss the status of the NIF project and the plans for completion. (author)

  10. National Weather Service

    ... Forecast Models GIS Data Portal NOAA Weather Radio Services SKYWARN Storm Spotters StormReady TsunamiReady EDUCATION Be A ... For NWS Employees International National Centers Products and Services Careers Contact Us Glossary Local forecast by "City, ...

  11. AIDS: A National Dilemma.

    Issues in Science and Technology, 1987


    Contains excerpts from a special study on the AIDS epidemic by the Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Sciences. Presents an overview of the problem, outlines educational needs and public health measures, and identifies future research needs. (ML)

  12. National PKU News

    ... Support Us Contact Us Donors Search for: National PKU News is dedicated to providing up-to-date, ... and information to families and professionals dealing with phenylketonuria (PKU). A non-profit organization, PKU News was ...

  13. National Coastal Mapping Program

    Army Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, Department of Defense — The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) National Coastal Mapping Program (NCMP) is designed to provide high-resolution elevation and imagery data along U.S....

  14. National Convective Weather Forecast

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The NCWF is an automatically generated depiction of: (1) current convection and (2) extrapolated signficant current convection. It is a supplement to, but does NOT...

  15. US National Grid

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This is a polygon feature data layer of United States National Grid (1000m x 1000m polygons ) constructed by the Center for Interdisciplinary Geospatial Information...

  16. National Elevation Dataset (NED)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — The U.S. Geological Survey has developed a National Elevation Database (NED). The NED is a seamless mosaic of best-available elevation data. The 7.5-minute...

  17. National Lakes Assessment Data

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Lakes Assessment (NLA) is a first-ever statistically-valid survey of the biological condition of lakes and reservoirs throughout the U.S. The U.S....

  18. National Assessment Database

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Assessment Database stores and tracks state water quality assessment decisions, Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) and other watershed plans designed to...

  19. National Fire Protection Association

    ... the 2017 NEC ® . Watch the webinar Join the conversation Which edition of NFPA 70 ® , National Electrical Code® ... line of products and services About NFPA Overview Leadership Careers International Offices Directions Grants & Awards Quick Links ...

  20. National Bycatch Report (NBR)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This system collects bycatch data and fishery landings data from all five NOAA Fisheries Regions and automates the generation of the tables required to publish the...

  1. National Ataxia Foundation

    ... Facebook Page - Twitter - YouTube Giving a talk on Ataxia? - Ataxia Presentation Thank You To Our Partners Donate Now! Welcome to the National Ataxia Foundation International Ataxia Awareness Day (IAAD) The "International Ataxia Awareness Day" ...

  2. National Pediatric Program Update

    The book of the National Pediatric Program Update, issued by the Argentina Society of Pediatrics, describes important issues, including: effective treatment of addictions (drugs); defects of the neural tube; and the use of radiation imaging in diagnosis.

  3. National Military Family Association

    ... 931.6632 © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  4. National Health Expenditures - Historical

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Health Expenditure Accounts (NHEA) are the official estimates of total health care spending in the United States. Historical spending measures annual...

  5. National Wetlands Inventory Points

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Wetland point features (typically wetlands that are too small to be as area features at the data scale) mapped as part of the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI). The...

  6. National Fragile X Foundation

    ... Anthology Advocacy National Fragile X Foundation Advocacy Day STAR: Local Advocacy Agenda and Accomplishments Community Events International ... Making Sense of the Alphabet Soup Teaching Your Child to Ask for Something Behavior and Fragile X ...

  7. 2015 Rails National Geodatabase

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  8. National Synchrotron Light Source

    This report discussion research being conducted at the National Synchrotron light source. In particular, this report contains operations summaries; symposia, workshops, and projects; NSLS highlights; and abstracts of science at the NSLS

  9. National Reye's Syndrome Foundation

    ... we need your help... Learn More Share: View National Reye's Syndrome Foundation's LinkedIn profile Spread Awareness with the Kids & Aspirin Don't Mix car magnet ribbon. Get News & Updates: SignUp to get ...

  10. National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) is a feature-based database that interconnects and uniquely identifies the stream segments or reaches that comprise the...

  11. National Farm Medicine Center

    ... Staff Agricultural Health and Safety Core Units Children's Center Cultivate Newsletter Journal of Agromedicine Milestones Auction of ... Farm Medicine, Rural Health & Safety National Farm Medicine Center Established in 1981 in response to occupational health ...

  12. National Geospatial Program

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Geospatial Program was formed in FY2000 to identify Agency-wide geospatial data and technology needs, coordinate enterprise data and application...

  13. National Academy of Sciences

    ... Programs Distinctive Voices Lecture Series Science & Entertainment Exchange Evolution Resources Biographical Memoirs National Academy of Sciences About The NAS Mission History Organization Leadership and Governance Membership Policy Studies and Reports Giving ...

  14. National Death Index

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Death Index (NDI) is a centralized database of death record information on file in state vital statistics offices. Working with these state offices,...

  15. 2015 Roads National Geodatabase

    US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...

  16. National Geochemical Database: Sediment

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Geochemical analysis of sediment samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are of stream sediment...

  17. National ART Success Rates

    ... ART and Birth Defects ART and Autism 2013 Assisted Reproductive Technology National Summary Report Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... live-birth rate? [PDF - 1.37MB] Section 2: ART Cycles using fresh nondonor eggs or embryos What ...

  18. National oceanographic information system

    Desai, B.N.; Kunte, P.D.; Bhargava, R.M.S.

    Ocean. At INODC, a National Information system for oceanographic studies is under development. Bibliographic information forms an integral part of oceanographic system as it is an essential component for data analysis and interpretation. Hence two major...

  19. National Outbreak Reporting System

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) is a web-based platform designed to support reporting to CDC by local, state, and territorial health departments in...

  20. National Psoriasis Foundation

    ... Tips" to find out more! Email * Zipcode National Psoriasis Foundation provides you with the help you need to best manage your psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, while promoting research to find ...

  1. Vigne des Nations


    Since 1995 the Vineyard of Nations has honoured an international organisation. On 7 May, Robert Cramer, the Council of State, removed leaves from the vine at the side of Robert Aymar, Director of CERN (1 paragraph)

  2. National Skills Bulletin 2014

    Behan, Jasmina; McNaboe, Joan; Shally, Caroline; Burke, Nina


    The National Skills Bulletin 2014 is the tenth in an annual series of reports produced by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in SOLAS on behalf of the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs (EGFSN). The analysis undertaken in the Bulletin draws from the information gathered and maintained in the National Skills Database (NSD), which allows for an overview of the Irish labour market at occupational level.

  3. Surfing China's National Defense

    Ji Guilin


    @@ Following the start of its first test run on August 20, 2009, the website of the Ministry of National Defense (MOD) of the People's Republic of China has logged more than 2 billion hits,from many countries and regions including China, the United States,the United Kingdom, Japan, Australia and Singapore. China National Defense News reporters recently interviewed Ji Guilin, the website's Editor in Chief, on its performance and the feedback of netizens.

  4. Championing Developing Nations


    China calls for a louder voice of developing countries in the United Nations THE United Nations is without doubt the only organization that represents the interests of the entire world and being a member is essential for a country’s credibility. That’s why when South Sudan became independent recently,the new nation’s first move was to join the UN,becoming the 193rd country to attain membership.

  5. From National Forest Inventory to National Forest GHG Inventories

    de Jong, Ben; PANDEY Devendra; Achard, Frederic


    Chapter 3.3 presents two national case studies for forest inventories in tropical countries: the Indian and Mexican national forest inventories. These national forest inventories have been use to report GHG inventories to the UNFCC

  6. National Flood Interoperability Experiment

    Maidment, D. R.


    The National Flood Interoperability Experiment is led by the academic community in collaboration with the National Weather Service through the new National Water Center recently opened on the Tuscaloosa campus of the University of Alabama. The experiment will also involve the partners in IWRSS (Integrated Water Resources Science and Services), which include the USGS, the Corps of Engineers and FEMA. The experiment will address the following questions: (1) How can near-real-time hydrologic forecasting at high spatial resolution, covering the nation, be carried out using the NHDPlus or next generation geofabric (e.g. hillslope, watershed scales)? (2) How can this lead to improved emergency response and community resilience? (3) How can improved an improved interoperability framework support the first two goals and lead to sustained innovation in the research to operations process? The experiment will run from September 2014 through August 2015, in two phases. The mobilization phase from September 2014 until May 2015 will assemble the components of the interoperability framework. A Summer Institute to integrate the components will be held from June to August 2015 at the National Water Center involving faculty and students from the University of Alabama and other institutions coordinated by CUAHSI. It is intended that the insight that arises from this experiment will help lay the foundation for a new national scale, high spatial resolution, near-real-time hydrologic simulation system for the United States.

  7. National Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) Program

    ... Digg Facebook Google Bookmarks National Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) Program Caring and Curing Since 1894 A genetic ... Florida Hawaii Louisiana New York Texas The National Hansen's Disease (Leprosy) Program The National Hansen's Disease Program is ...

  8. On Sporting Nationalism : Research Methodology

    Uchiumi, Kazuo


    There are some theories that with globalization nationalisms will disappear, but nationalisms have been growing more and more. In sport, the number of international sporting events is increasing and sporting nationalism is becoming more and more obvious. Recently sporting nationalism and its relationship with (political) nationalism has been focused on. In this paper the author analyzed sporting nationalism in Japan and compared it with that of the United Kingdom, where researches on sporting...

  9. ADS National Programmes: Italy

    Following a preliminary design developed in 1998, based on the Energy Amplifier concept proposed by CERN, a first configuration of a lead-bismuth Eutectic cooled Experimental ADS (LBE-XADS) was worked out in the period 1999–2001, under the aegis of MURST, by a group of Italian organizations led by Ansado Nucleare, with the aim of assessing the feasibility of a small sized (80 MWth) ADS. At the end of 1997 a joint effort of ENEA (National Agency for New Technology, Energy and the Environment) and INFN (National Institute for Nuclear Physics) led to the approval of a national programme by MURST (Minister for University and Scientific and Technological Research) named TRASCO (TRAsmutazione SCOrie) aiming at the study of physics and technologies needed to design an ADS for radioactive waste transmutation. The programme consisted of research subprogrammes on accelerator, neutronics, thermalhydraulics analysis, beam window technology, and material technology and compatibility with Pb and Pb-Bi. At now, most of the activities in support to the ADS development carried out at national level are part of EU-funded Projects. These activities are complemented by the programme agreement (AdP -Accordo di programma), signed between ENEA and the Ministry of Economic Development, which provides in general a range of activities aimed at the development of sustainable nuclear fission systems. Several universities and the national industry are involved, besides ENEA, in the activities

  10. Energy and national security.

    Karas, Thomas H.


    On May 19 and 20, 2003, thirty-some members of Sandia staff and management met to discuss the long-term connections between energy and national security. Three broad security topics were explored: I. Global and U.S. economic dependence on oil (and gas); II. Potential security implications of global climate change; and III. Vulnerabilities of the U.S. domestic energy infrastructure. This report, rather than being a transcript of the workshop, represents a synthesis of background information used in the workshop, ideas that emerged in the discussions, and ex post facto analysis of the discussions. Each of the three subjects discussed at this workshop has significant U.S. national security implications. Each has substantial technology components. Each appears a legitimate area of concern for a national security laboratory with relevant technology capabilities. For the laboratory to play a meaningful role in contributing to solutions to national problems such as these, it needs to understand the political, economic, and social environments in which it expects its work to be accepted and used. In addition, it should be noted that the problems of oil dependency and climate change are not amenable to solution by the policies of any one nation--even the one that is currently the largest single energy consumer. Therefore, views, concerns, policies, and plans of other countries will do much to determine which solutions might work and which might not.

  11. National Archives Catalog and API

    National Archives and Records Administration — The National Archives Catalog is the online catalog of NARA's nationwide holdings in the Washington, DC area, Regional Archives, and Presidential Libraries.

  12. Is Sport Nationalism Justifiable?

    José Luis Pérez Triviño


    Full Text Available The article aims to clarify the deep relationships established between sport and nationalism by considering, among other factors, the instrumentalisation of sport by political elites, political apathy of citizens, economic resources for sport, the question of violence or identitarian matters. In order to define if the combination of sport and nationalism is admissible, the paper defines sport nationalism and distinguishes the political use of sport for purposes of domestic and foreign policy. In the first section the analysis focuses on whether a causal link with respect to the contribution to violence can be established and with respect to its use in the internal politics of a state, the paper differentiates between normal political circumstances and political crises in order to properly address the question of whether there are grounds to assert that sport can distract citizens from asserting their genuine interests.

  13. Local versus national

    Milan, Christian; Nielsen, Mads Pagh; Bojesen, Carsten


    individual energy supply systems based on on-site weather and building conditions, as well as considering the expected energy consumption profile. However, local planning processes are problematic if they do not take regional or national impacts into account. Given the grid connection, the local building...... solution also has an impact on a national scale by exchanging electricity. Therefore it is important to implement respective grid loads into the planning process in order to avoid technology choices, which might counteract grid stability or cost inefficiencies at other sites. The aim of this paper is to...... adapt the earlier proposed methodology by integrating flexible national electricity prices and thus taking account for the aforementioned effects. The methodology is applied in a case study for a single family house under Danish conditions. The results show that the system configuration might not...

  14. Banking on the Nation

    Ravn Sørensen, Anders


    In this article, I analyse the narratives of four Danish central bank governors from the late nineteenth century until the mid-1990s. By conducting a historical analysis informed by neo-institutional theory, I show how these central bank governors were continuously involved in public debates over...... the appropriateness and desirability of their decisions and policies. In these debates, interpretations and reproductions of Danish national identity were central to the governors' claims to legitimacy. I argue that past narratives of the Danish central bank and its governors enabled and framed future...... legitimacy claims and that the central bank and its governors gradually became embedded in national identity. Thus, the article highlights the historical development of the co-configuring relationship between Danish national identity and the legitimacy of monetary organization....

  15. Is Sport Nationalism Justifiable?

    José Luis Pérez Triviño


    Full Text Available The article aims to clarify the deep relationships established between sport and nationalism by considering, among other factors, the instrumentalisation of sport by political elites, political apathy of citizens, economic resources for sport, the question of violence or identitarian matters. In order to define if the combination of sport and nationalism is admissible, the paper defines sport nationalism and distinguishes the political use of sport for purposes of domestic and foreign policy. In the first section the analysis focuses on whether a causal link with respect to the contribution to violence can be established and with respect to its use in the internal politics of a state, the paper differentiates between normal political circumstances and political crises in order to properly address the question of whether there are grounds to assert that sport can distract citizens from asserting their genuine interests.

  16. Nationalism among the Croats

    Prica Bogdan


    Full Text Available These are the three lectures about Croatian nationalism presented in the Serbian Culture Club in 1940. They review the history of the Croato-Serbian relations in a specific way, from the time when the Serbs settled in the regions of the former Croatian medieval state, after the Turkish conquest of the Balkans, after the fall of Bosnia in 1463 and after the Mohács Battle in 1526, till the period preceding World War II. Comparing Serbian and Croatian nationalism, the author points out that nationalism among the Croats appeared relatively late, that it did not have deeper folk roots and that at first it was the nationalism of the upper class. It was a feudal-estate nationalism but later there also appeared Austro-Catholic nationalism of the lower class in the regions under the Habsburgs. Enmity, hatred towards the Serbs and Serbophobia were the common features of these two nationalisms. The author points out that the feudal-estate nationalism of the upper class was caused by the state-legal and agrarian-legal regulation in the regions of the former Croatian kingdom settled by the Serbs. These regions, under the name of Military Border, were granted a special legal system. As for their state-legal status, the Serbs were completely excluded from the rule of the Croatian Ban the Croatian Assembly, and were under the jurisdiction of the Austrian military commanders – therefore, directly under Vienna. As for the agrarian-legal status, Vienna completely freed the inhabitants of the Border from all taxes for the Croatian gentry, who had owned these regions before the Turkish offensive; the reason was to motivate the Serbs for permanent military service at the Border and to use these regulations to lure new Serbs-solders from the neighbouring Turkish Empire. And the dynastic-catholic nationalism of the lower class clashed with the Serbs, inhabitants of the Border, primarily because of the religious intolerance, of the irresistable desire to convert the

  17. National information infrastructure applications

    Forslund, D.; George, J.; Greenfield, J. [and others


    This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project sought to develop a telemedical application in which medical records are electronically searched and digital signatures of real CT scan data are indexed and used to characterize a range of diseases and are used to compare on-line medical data with archived clinical data rapidly. This system includes multimedia data management, interactive collaboration, data compression and transmission, remote data storage and retrieval, and automated data analysis integrated in a distributed application between Los Alamos and the National Jewish Hospital.

  18. Nationalism and the Imagination

    Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak


    Full Text Available Nationalism is produced by tapping the most private attachment to ground for the purposes of the most public statecraft. It is predicated on reproductive heteronormativity: birthright. To "naturalize" is to legalize a simulacrum of displaced birth, which becomes an actual birthright for the next generation. Today's globalized world calls for a reinvention of the abstract state-structure for proper constitutional redress still to be available. It must be persistently cleansed of the emergence of nationalism through education. We are looking for a critical regionalism with trans-frontier jurisdiction. The international civil society has no social contract.

  19. Nationalism among the Croats

    Prica Bogdan


    These are the three lectures about Croatian nationalism presented in the Serbian Culture Club in 1940. They review the history of the Croato-Serbian relations in a specific way, from the time when the Serbs settled in the regions of the former Croatian medieval state, after the Turkish conquest of the Balkans, after the fall of Bosnia in 1463 and after the Mohács Battle in 1526, till the period preceding World War II. Comparing Serbian and Croatian nationalism, the author points out that nati...

  20. Education and Nationalism in Scotland: Governing a "Learning Nation"

    Arnott, Margaret; Ozga, Jenny


    Nationalism is a key resource for the political work of governing Scotland, and education offers the Scottish National Party (SNP) government a policy space in which political nationalism (self determination) along with social and cultural forms of civic nationalism can be formed and propagated, through referencing "inwards" to…

  1. National Cholesterol Education Month


    Do you know your cholesterol numbers? Your doctor can do a simple test to check your cholesterol levels and help you make choices that lower your risk for heart disease and stroke.  Created: 9/1/2009 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 9/9/2009.



    The 12th of June 2003 Is the French National Hearing Day. The Medical Service invites everyone working at CERN to come and have an ear test at the infirmary. Bld. 57, ground floor, between 9h00 and 16h00 Tel. 73802

  3. National hearing day


    The 12th of June 2003 Is the French National Hearing Day. The Medical Service invites everyone working at CERN to come and have an ear test at the infirmary. Bld. 57, ground floor, between 9h00 and 16h00 Tel. 73802

  4. The National Education Association.

    Sewall, Gilbert


    Examines how the National Education Association (NEA) has shifted from a conservative position to a more progressive one, which emphasizes militancy on such issues as equity and abolition of normative testing. Suggests that, in concentrating on politically charged matters, NEA has neglected a more important concern: the successful schooling of…

  5. National Gallery in Prague

    Mikeš, Stanislav; Haindl, Michal; Holub, Radek


    Roč. 2011, č. 86 (2011), s. 23-24. ISSN 0926-4981 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG11009 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : virtrual reality * information system Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information gallery in prague.pdf

  6. Biodiversity and national accounting

    Hamilton, Kirk


    Biodiversity, a property of natural areas, provides a range of benefits to the economy including bioprospecting rents, knowledge and insurance, ecotourism fees, and ecosystem services. Many of these values can be broken out in the System of National Accounts, leading to better estimates of the economic losses when natural areas are degraded or destroyed. Developing countries harbor the gre...

  7. National energy balance - 1977

    The national energy balance of the 1976 shows several modifications in relation to the last year. The historical serie is based in more confiable information, from several energy companies. The most greater modifications are on energy source of hard control, such as lignite and charcoal for non-siderurgic uses. (E.G.)

  8. National Pandemic Influenza Plan

    Department of Health


    National Pandemic Influenza Plan The purpose of this document is to tell you about pandemic influenza (flu), to explain what the Government and the health services are doing to prepare for a possible pandemic and most importantly, to advise you what you need to do if there is a pandemic. Click here to download PDF 614kb

  9. National Education Trust Fund

    Shapp, Milton J.


    A proposal from the governor of Pennsylvania for financing all levels of education through a National Education Trust Fund (NETF) that would operate as the present Federal Highway Trust Fund does on a revolving, self-liquidating basis with the cost of an individual's education repaid through a progressive education tax on income. (JT)

  10. National Boy Scout Jamboree


    This video looks at a NASA sponsored exhibit at the National Boy Scout Jamboree in Fredricksburg, VA. Boy Scouts are shown interacting with NASA researchers and astronauts and touring mockups of Space Station Freedom and Apollo 11. NASA's program to encourage the researchers of tomorrow is detailed.

  11. National Diabetes Education Program

    ... Professionals Community Organizations​ ​​ HealthSense Alternate Language URL National Diabetes Education Program Page Content What's New ​ ​ Visit our ... told that your are at risk for developing diabetes or that you have prediabetes, you should know ...

  12. National energy balance - 1978

    The national energy balance of 1978 shows some modifications in relation to the last year. New tables were included aiming to show the brazilian energy situation, such as the hydraulic potential and the non-renewable energy resources. (E.G.)

  13. National Planning for Education.

    Moon, Rexford G., Jr.

    This report presents the findings of a study on the current status of planning in American higher education and the feasibility of establishing a "national planning congress" for higher education. The study team gathered the views of key people concerned with higher education planning through extensive interviews and seminars throughout the…

  14. Identifying with the nation

    Dhoest, Alexander


    Abstract This article investigates viewer memories of former Flemish television fiction in order to research how its representation of Flanders has influenced national identification. Viewer memories show strong patterns, as the same serials are positively remembered by most respondents. The strength and fondness of these memories suggests that these serials became part of collective memory. The ...

  15. Comprehensive national energy strategy



    This Comprehensive National Energy Strategy sets forth a set of five common sense goals for national energy policy: (1) improve the efficiency of the energy system, (2) ensure against energy disruptions, (3) promote energy production and use in ways that respect health and environmental values, (4) expand future energy choices, and (5) cooperate internationally on global issues. These goals are further elaborated by a series of objectives and strategies to illustrate how the goals will be achieved. Taken together, the goals, objectives, and strategies form a blueprint for the specific programs, projects, initiatives, investments, and other actions that will be developed and undertaken by the Federal Government, with significant emphasis on the importance of the scientific and technological advancements that will allow implementation of this Comprehensive National Energy Strategy. Moreover, the statutory requirement of regular submissions of national energy policy plans ensures that this framework can be modified to reflect evolving conditions, such as better knowledge of our surroundings, changes in energy markets, and advances in technology. This Strategy, then, should be thought of as a living document. Finally, this plan benefited from the comments and suggestions of numerous individuals and organizations, both inside and outside of government. The Summary of Public Comments, located at the end of this document, describes the public participation process and summarizes the comments that were received. 8 figs.

  16. Why Indigenous Nations Studies?

    Porter, Robert; Yellow Bird, Michael


    The development of a new Indigenous Nations Studies program at the University of Kansas is described. Success depended on a critical mass of Indigenous and non-Indigenous faculty and students that had a sense of political and social justice and understood the need for institutional change. The biggest challenge was countering the entrenched…

  17. Ethnomusicology and National Identity

    Kratochvíl, Matěj

    Prague : Arts and Theatre Institute, 2012 - (Dohnalová, L.), s. 19-22 ISBN 978-80-7008-292-8. [Národní identita v české hudbě. Praha (CZ), 24.11.2011] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90580513 Keywords : history of ethnomusicology * nationalism * folk music Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  18. National Energy Balance - 1986

    The National Energy Balance - 1986 shows energy fluxes of several primary and secondary energy sources, since the production to the final consumption in the main economic sectors, since 1970 to 1985. The incorporation of a new brazilian information is done. (E.G.)

  19. What Makes Nations Intelligent?

    Hunt, Earl


    Modern society is driven by the use of cognitive artifacts: physical instruments or styles of reasoning that amplify our ability to think. The artifacts range from writing systems to computers. In everyday life, a person demonstrates intelligence by showing skill in using these artifacts. Intelligence tests and their surrogates force examinees to exhibit some of these skills but not others. This is why test scores correlate substantially but not perfectly with a variety of measures of socioeconomic success. The same thing is true at the international level. Nations can be evaluated by the extent to which their citizens score well on cognitive tests, including both avowed intelligence tests and a variety of tests of academic achievement. The resulting scores are substantially correlated with various indices of national wealth, health, environmental quality, and schooling and with a vaguer variable, social commitment to innovation. These environmental variables are suggested as causes of the differences in general cognitive skills between national populations. It is conceivable that differences in gene pools also contribute to international and, within nations, group differences in cognitive skills, but at present it is impossible to evaluate the extent of genetic influences. PMID:26168467

  20. 2012 National Leadership Forum

    Magnuson, Peter


    Two key themes emerged from the 2012 National Leadership Forum: Taking Business to School, which was hosted by the Career and Technical Education Foundation at the end of May. The first was that employers are looking for a workforce that is technologically savvy while having leadership and employability skills. The second is that the business…

  1. National Energy Balance - 1981

    The National Energy Balance - 1981, shows a new metodology and information in level of several economic sectors, as well as a separation of primary and secondary energy sources, its energy fluxes, i.e. production, imports, exports, consumption, etc...(E.G.)

  2. Wanted: The Nation's Finest.

    Watling, Nancy


    Asserts that receiving an invitation to participate in the National High School Honors Orchestra (NHSHO) represents the zenith in the growth and maturation of young orchestral musicians. Describes how the NHSHO was initiated so that talented youth could have the opportunity to meet and work with other accomplished musicians. (CFR)


    The National Academy Press is the publisher for the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Institute of Medicine, and the National Research Council. Through this web site, you have access to a virtual treasure trove of books, reports and publicatio...

  4. Teaching about the United Nations.

    Osborne, Ken, Ed.


    This theme issue focuses on the 50th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations. Articles deal with aspects of the United Nations and include suggestions for teaching about the United Nations and using various teaching materials. Articles in this issue include: (1) "Celebrating United Nations Day" (Ken Osborne); (2) "Educating for World…

  5. Human Trafficking and National Morality

    William R. DI PIETRO


    Full Text Available The paper proposes that national morality is an important variable for explaining national anti-trafficking policy. It uses cross country regression analysis to see whether or not empirically national morality is a determinant of anti-trafficking policy. The findings of the paper are consistent with the notion that improved levels of national morality lead to better national anti-trafficking policy. National morality is found to be statistically relevant for national anti-trafficking policy when controlling for the extent of democracy, the share of the private sector in the economy, and the degree of globalization.

  6. Economic theory and national accounting

    Bos, Frits


    This paper describes the relationship between economic theory and national accounting. This relationship is often misunderstood, by economic theorists and national accountants alike. Attention is drawn to the consistency required in a national accounting system, to national accounts statistics as a transformation of primary data and to the fundamentally different valuation principles employed in economic theory and national accounting (foreward looking, analytic and general, versus backward l...

  7. National residential radon survey

    This paper reports on the Superfund Amendments and reauthorization Act (SARA) which requires the EPA Administrator to conduct a national assessment of radon levels where people normally live and work, including educational institutions. The National Residential Radon Survey (NRRS) is the first comprehensive effort to estimate the frequency distribution of average annual radon concentrations nationwide. Also, the survey will provide data to correlate radon concentrations with construction characteristics. A stratified three stage area probability sample was used to randomly select approximately 12,000 homes. A questionnaire will provide information on living patterns, house construction, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) characteristics. Two to four alpha-track detectors were placed in each home. It is expected that approximately 5,000 residents will return detectors with readable radon concentrations. With this data, EPA will be able to accurately estimate the frequency distribution of annual average radon concentrations nationwide

  8. National Innovation Systems

    Lundvall, Bengt-Åke


    innovation system is defined and it is illustrated that it is necessary both to understand micro-behaviour in the core and understand "the wider setting" within which the core operates. Concepts used in organization theory referring to fit and misfit may be used to enrich the understanding of the performance......The term national system of innovation has been around for more than 20 years and today it has become widely spread among policy makers as well as among scholars all over the world. This paper takes stock and looks ahead from a somewhat personal point of view. It also gives some insight into how...... and why the concept came about. The paper argues that a key to progress is to get a better understanding of knowledge and learning as the basis for innovation and to understand how difference modes of innovation complement each other and find support in the specific national context. A core of the...

  9. The Danish National Tests

    Beuchert, Louise Voldby; Nandrup, Anne Brink

    In 2010, the Danish National Tests were implemented in the public compulsory schools as a mean of evaluating the performance of the public school system. The extensive test program consists of ten mandatory tests in six subjects in grades 2 through 8. In this paper, we share our insights from...... working with the first four rounds of the test data. We provide a brief introduction to adaptive testing, the available data and general data issues including missing data, test participation and data transformations. Additionally, we construct a standardized measure of the raw pupil ability estimate...... within each test and argue that this is often a more feasible measure for data analyses compared to the transformed test score presented to pupils and teachers. We provide the reader with preliminary analyses of the relation between pupils' national test results and a wide range of pupil background...

  10. National nuclear scientific program

    National scientific program of the Vinca Institute Nuclear Reactors And Radioactive Waste comprises research and development in the following fields: application of energy of nuclear fission, application of neutron beams, analyses of nuclear safety and radiation protection. In the first phase preparatory activities, conceptual design and design of certain processes and facilities should be accomplished. In the second phase realization of the projects is expected. (author)

  11. Intelligent National Strategy


    China has unveiled a strategic plan aimed at strengthening I PR protection and enhancing the country’s overall competitiveness China’s State Council published the Outline of the National Intellectual Property Strategy in early June, taking on one of the country’s major bugbears. The plan aims to improve the use of intellectual property rights (IPR) by 2020 and consists of a preface, guiding prin- ciples and strategic goals, strategic focuses,

  12. Performance of national policies


    National spatial policies are usually indicative and strategic. As a result, this kind of policy does not have a direct bearing on the spatial organisation of society. Instead the performance of these policies depends on whether or not they are used in subsequent decisionmaking and planning procedures, where and when this seems relevant. Consequently, straightforward evaluation procedures, based on a combined methodology of before - after design and the measurement of conformity, do not help ...

  13. Transcending the nation state

    Cort, Pia


    Throughout Europe, vocational education and training is undergoing reform and modernisation as part of a common EU policy process, the Copenhagen Process. The aim of this Process is initiate a pan-European modernisation of vocational education and training in order to meet the challenges of globa...... under construction which aims to transcend the nation state by introducing a new way of "thinking" vocational education and training....

  14. National Swine Brucellosis Survey

    Finlay, Ronald C.; Roe, Richard T.; Kellar, John A.


    A national survey was conducted in 1985 to investigate the brucellosis status of the Canadian swine herd. Serum samples were collected from cull sows slaughtered over a forty week period in 1985; 15,707 samples were suitable for brucellosis testing, and 48 (0.31%) gave some degree of reaction on the buffered plate agglutination screening test. All 48 samples were negative on the 2-mercaptoethanol and modified complement fixation test. We therefore conclude that the Canadian swine herd remains...

  15. Nationalism and Rationality

    Michael Hechter


    Full Text Available Recent years have witnessed a virtual epidemic of nationalist violence in the world. In 1994, for example, eighteen of the twenty-three wars being fought were based on nationalist or ethnic challenges to states. About three quarters of the world’s refugees were ?eeing from, or were displaced by, ethnic or nationalist con?icts. And eight of the thirteen United Nations peacekeeping operations were designed to separate the protagonists in ethnopolitical con?icts.

  16. The Nation in Depression

    Christina D. Romer


    This paper examines the American Great Depression and the ways in which the U.S. experience during the 1930s resembled that of other countries in some regards and fundamentally differed in other aspects. I also evaluate the evidence on the causes of the Great Depression in the United States and the sources of the eventual recovery. The picture painted of the American Great Depression is one that stresses the importance of national, rather than international, aggregate demand shocks. The exper...

  17. Understanding US National Intelligence

    Leander, Anna


    In July 2010, the Washington Post (WP) published the results of a project on “Top Secret America” on which twenty investigative journalists had been working for two years. The project drew attention to the change and growth in National Intelligence following 9/11 (Washington Post 2010a). The init...... 2010c). This has proved to be a gold mine of information available from the project website (Washington Post 2010a)....


    Gherman Anca Maria


    Full Text Available The concept related to currency stability includes internal currency stability as intern price stability, the money demand and supply stability and the stability of the interest rate. Also it includes external currency stability through exchange rate mechanism. The equilibrium of national economy is determined by the evolution of inflation and by the evolution of nominal exchange rate mechanism as an expression of external stability.

  19. Performing Nation, Performing Difference

    Jensen, Lars


    Oplægget diskuterer Luhrmanns brug af den episke nationsgrundlæggende fortælling, og hvordan han underminerer den ved hjælp af den sideløbende fortælling om de stjålne generationer af aboriginale børn. Det bliver den sidste fortælling, der ender med at overtage beretningen og blive til den nation...

  20. Oak Ridge national reservation

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation is located on 37 000 acres in east Tennessee. The Oak Ridge facilities include the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Y-12 National Security Complex and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP - originally built as a uranium enrichment facility for defence programmes and originally named 'The Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant'. After World War II this plant was renamed Oak Ridge K-25 Site and produced enriched uranium for the commercial nuclear power industry from 1945 to 1985. It was renamed ETTP in 1987. The situation at this site is characterized by hundreds of contaminated buildings in deteriorating conditions. The water table is shallow at the site implying a short travel time of the contaminants. The overall strategy for cleanup of the Reservation is based on surface water considerations as the Reservation encompasses five distinct watersheds. The cleanup strategy is a risk-based approach that focuses first on those contaminant sources that are the greatest contributors of risk. The watershed approach is used to determine which sources are the worst contributors and therefore should be cleaned up as early as possible. At the end of site cleanup, planned by 2015, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory will continue to operate as a world-class research facility. Y-12 will continue to operate, fulfilling its national security mission. As cleanup of the East Tennessee Technology Park is completed DOE will transfer ownership of the uncontaminated buildings to the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET) which in turn will lease this property for immediate private industrial use. To further refine the overall cleanup strategy, a prioritization system has been developed to help guide decisions where investments should be made. The general priorities are as follows: (a) Mitigate immediate onsite and offsite risks; (b) Reduce offsite migration of contaminants; (c) Remediate sources of surface

  1. National energy balance - 1976

    Based on available data from IBGE, CNP/Petrobras, Eletrobras, Nuclebras and other governmental enterprises the National Energy Balance was done. This publication covers since 1965 to 1975. In conformity to the international rules, the energy resources used for non-energy purposes were excluded. The energy production and consumption for the next ten years were forecasted, considering the actual brazilian energy policy. (E.G.)

  2. Colouring the nation

    Howard, David John


    This thesis analyses the importance of race for the construction of nation and ethnicity in the Dominican Republic, a situation in which racial ancestry and spatial proximity to Haiti are paramount. Firstly, racial legacies are of primary importance among a Dominican population where cultural, linguistic and religious differences are limited. Racial differences are manipulated through the unequal standing and significance given to European, African and indigenous ancestries. Eu...

  3. National Determinants of Vegetarianism

    Leahy, Eimear; Lyons, Seán; Richard S.J. Tol


    In this paper we use panel data regressions to investigate the determinants of vegetarianism in various countries over time. Using national level aggregate data, we construct a panel consisting of 116 country-time observations. We find that there is a negative relationship between income and vegetarianism. In relatively poor countries, vegetarianism appears to be a necessity as opposed to a dietary choice. For the well educated however, vegetarianism is becoming a more popular lifestyle choic...

  4. Empowerment through Hindu nationalism?

    Deshpande, Chitra; Professor Ceri Peach


    This dissertation explores whether women and men can be empowered through cultural nationalism based on religious/ethnic identities. Religious fundamentalism is typically not associated with women's empowerment. As a patriarchal, Hindu nationalist party that advocates violence, the Shiv Sena is also an unlikely agent of women's empowerment. Yet, the Sena has been attracting numerous women who claim to have gained confidence through the party. Using the Shiv Sena as my case stu...

  5. Reagan's National Security Legacy

    Dale L. Smith


    As the Reagan presidency draws to an end, speculation grows as to its legacy in various areas, from domestic economics to international politics. The current study takes as its focus the Reagan legacy in the area of national security policy: specifically, the possible effects of Reagan's defense spending and Soviet policies. Using the global political-economic simulation model GLOBUS, a set of Reagan-like budgeting and foreign policies are formally implemented within the model and the resulti...

  6. National School of Dismantling

    The National Institut of Nuclear Sciences and Techniques founded of 2001 a National School of Dismantling, NSD, at the end, which was validated by CEA, COGEMA, EDF and ANDRA. This school addresses four major issues: Decontamination; Dismantling; Demolition and waste Disposal (4D). Dedicated for instructing scientific and technical knowledge and know-how, needed in dismantling the nuclear installations, NSD has as targets: - personnel at engineering and operational level; - personnel occupied with involved trades from conception through intervention; - students and employees on leave; - employees while training on the job. Initial basic education for students in collaboration with schools and universities concerns: - master degree in radioactive waste management; - master degree in dismantling; - professional license in 3 D; - pro 4 D graduation. NSD is also engaged in continual formation for employees qualified, or not, adapted to the needs generated by the following tasks and personnel: - introduction in dismantling; - project team; - specialist engineer; - team head; - agent for remedial action; - agent for dismantling. The National School of Dismantling joins a network of human and technological capabilities confined within the 4 D frame, namely: - scientific and technical competencies (experts, instructors working in the nuclear field and dismantling); - pedagogical competence (professionals from basic and continual education); - specific material means such as those used by construction site schools, mock-ups, rooms for practical training etc

  7. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) - National Cardiovascular Disease Surveillance Data

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 2001 to 2014. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) has monitored the health of the nation since 1957. NHIS data on a broad range of health topics are...

  8. US Forest Service Original Proclaimed National Forests and National Grasslands

    US Forest Service, Department of Agriculture — A map service on the www depicting the boundaries encompassing the National Forest System (NFS) lands within the original proclaimed National Forests, along with...

  9. National Elevation Dataset (NED) of Rocky Mountain National Park

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — (USGS text) The U.S. Geological Survey has developed a National Elevation Dataset (NED). The NED is a seamless mosaic of best-available elevation data. The...

  10. Dadabhai Naoroji – from economic nationalism to political nationalism

    Islahi, Abdul Azim


    Dadabhai Naoroji (1825-1917) was among the leading Indian nationalist leaders who aroused the feeling of economic nationalism and propagated for it. The most instrumental in this regard had been his theory of drain. The paper studies this theory and its role in awakening the desire and movement to achieve economic nationalism. It also examines the stages through, which Dadabhai passed from economic nationalism to political nationalism or the self-rule which was his final call. The paper will ...

  11. National transuranic program plan

    As a result of various program initiatives, the U.S. generated and will continue to generate waste contaminated with radioactive materials. Because of increased awareness of the risks and special requirements to safely manage long-lived alpha-emitting radionuclides, a new category of radioactive waste, transuranic (TRU) waste, was adopted in 1970. Heads of Field Elements can determine that other alpha-contaminated wastes, peculiar to a specific site, must be managed as transuranic wasteclose quotes. TRU waste is generated and stored at various DOE sites around the country. In December 1993, the National Transuranic Program Office (NTPO) was established as part of the Carlsbad Area Office (CAO) to integrate and coordinate the diverse organizational elements that contribute to the complex-wide management of TRU waste. Numerous sites with small TRU waste inventories are also part of the national TRU waste system. The majority of TRU waste is also contaminated with hazardous materials and is thus considered mixed waste. Mixed waste must be managed in compliance with all federal, state, and local regulations that are applicable to the radioactive and/or hazardous component of the waste. Each generator site is responsible for the management of its respective waste. Sites must plan and implement programs to minimize, characterize, package, treat, store, ship, and dispose of all TRU waste; construct required waste management facilities and equipment; obtain permits; perform site-specific National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) analyses; conduct environmental studies; perform laboratory analyses; and certify that waste meets appropriate disposal facility criteria. Due to the toxicity and long half-lives of TRU radionuclides, TRU waste must be disposed in a manner that offers greater confinement than shallow land burial

  12. National Lung Screening Trial (NLST)

    The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), a research study sponsored by the National Cancer Institute that used low-dose helical CT scans or chest X-ray to screen men and women at risk for lung cancer.

  13. Cross-National Yardstick Comparisons

    Møller Hansen, Kasper; Leth Olsen, Asmus; Bech, Mickael


    Comparing performance between countries is both a theoretically and intuitively useful yardstick for voters. Cross-national comparisons provide voters with heuristics that are less cognitively demanding, less ambiguous, and less uncertain than solely national, absolute performance measurements. We...... test this proposition using a unique, choice experiment embedded in the 2011 Danish National Election Study. This design allows to contrast cross-national comparisons with more traditional national sociotropic and egotropic concerns. The findings suggest that voters are strongly influenced by cross-national...... performance comparisons—even when accounting for classic national sociotropic and egotropic items. Specifically, voters respond strongly to how the prospective wealth of Denmark evolves relative to the neighboring Sweden. Interestingly, voters are more negative in their response to cross-national losses...

  14. NEPmap (National Estuary Program Mapper)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The NEPmap is designed to provide information in context with National Estuary Program Study Areas. There are 28 National Estuary Programs (NEPs) in the U.S.that...

  15. Readmissions Complications and Deaths - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Readmissions Complications and Deaths measures - national data. This data set includes national-level data for 30-day death and readmission measures, the hip/knee...

  16. National Patient Care Database (NPCD)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The National Patient Care Database (NPCD), located at the Austin Information Technology Center, is part of the National Medical Information Systems (NMIS). The NPCD...

  17. Timely and Effective Care - National

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Timely and Effective Care measures - national data. This data set includes national-level data for measures of heart attack care, heart failure care, pneumonia...

  18. National Recommended Water Quality Criteria

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Recommended Water Quality Criteria is a compilation of national recommended water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic life and human health...

  19. Gulf Island National Wildlife Refuges

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document provides a brief history and describes physical features of the Gulf Island National Wildlife Refuges. The Gulf Island National Wildlife Refuges...

  20. Spanish National Dosimetry Bank

    The National Dosimetry Bank (BDN) was designed to be a useful instrument for the protection of exposed workers. On the basis of individual doses, in conjunction with the type of facility where they were received and the type of work involved, it is possible to monitor and control the individual conditions of an exposed worker. In addition to this primary objective, the BDN's structure and utilities are such that it can be used for applications such as determining the suitability of the working conditions in various areas of ionizing radiation applications, evaluating exposure trends and the most affected areas, and supplying statistical data that can be used for legal studies

  1. National HTGR safety program

    This paper presents an overview of the National HTGR Program in the US with emphasis on the safety and licensing strategy being pursued. This strategy centers upon the development of an integrated approach to organizing and classifying the functions needed to produce safe and economical nuclear power production. At the highest level, four plant goals are defined - Normal Operation, Core and Plant Protection, Containment Integrity and Emergency Preparedness. The HTGR features which support the attainment of each goal are described and finally a brief summary is provided of the current status of the principal safety development program supporting the validation of the four plant goals

  2. EDF national emergency organization

    The scope of French nuclear power led Electricite de France (EDF) to design standard products, manufactured in series but adaptable to different sites. Standardization is based on the decision on a single technology: pressurized water reactors (PWR). Thirty-four 900 MW and seventeen 1300 MW units are in operation on seventeen sites. The specific nature of French organization for normal operation and accident management results from equipment standardization and single licensee. This specificity is based on emergency plan standardization and highly structured national organization. Figs

  3. National hydrogen energy roadmap

    None, None


    This report was unveiled by Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham in November 2002 and provides a blueprint for the coordinated, long-term, public and private efforts required for hydrogen energy development. Based on the results of the government-industry National Hydrogen Energy Roadmap Workshop, held in Washington, DC on April 2-3, 2002, it displays the development of a roadmap for America's clean energy future and outlines the key barriers and needs to achieve the hydrogen vision goals defined in

  4. National 5 maths

    Alcorn, David


    Teach lessons that suit the individual needs of your students with this SQA endorsed and flexibly structured resource that provides a suggested approach through all three units. This 'without answers' version textbook completely covers the latest National 5 syllabus. Each chapter includes summaries of key points and worked examples with explanatory notes showing how skills are applied. Section Reviews presented in non-calculator and calculator formats provide students with the opportunity to consolidate skills acquired over a number of chapters. There are plenty of exercises and invaluable exa

  5. National Calendar-2008

    Ghedrovici, Vera; Svet, Maria; Matvei, Valeria; Madan, Ion; Perju, Elena; Sargun, Maria; Netida, Maria

    The calendar represents a few hundreds of biographies of scientists, artists and writers from everywhere, printed in chronological order and adjusted to their birthdays. A number of international and national holydays, including some refering to science are included in the Calendar. A great defect of the calendar is the introduction of the "International day of astrology" in the list of holydays. Another defect is the absence of the indication on the membership to the Communist Party for persons cited from the former Soviet Union.

  6. National Calendar-2009

    Ghedrovici, Vera; Svet, Maria; Matvei, Valeria; Perju, Elena; Sargun, Maria; Netida, Maria


    The calendar represents a few hundreds of biographies of scientists, artists and writers from everywhere, printed in chronological order and adjusted to their birthdays. A number of international and national holydays, including some refering to science are included in the Calendar. A great deffect of the Calendar is the introduction in the list of holydays of the "international day of astrology". Another defect is the absence of the indication of the membership to Communist Parties for persons cited from the former USSR and former Communist Countries.

  7. Women and Indian Nationalism

    Vina Mazumdar; Leela Kasturi


    The political role of women as a subject for research is of recent origin in India. It is significant that there are so few studies of women's role in the nationalist movement or of the implications-social or political-of their momentous entry into the public sphere. Important works on the national movement mostly fail to examine the significance of women's participation in the struggles. Analysis in this area so far has received insufficient attention in histories of India both before and af...

  8. Polymer solidification national program

    Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) has developed several new and innovative polymer processes for the solidification of low-level radioactive, hazardous and mixed wastes streams. Polyethylene and modified sulfur cement solidification technologies have undergone steady, gradual development at BNL over the past nine years. During this time they have progressed through each of the stages necessary for logical technology maturation: from process conception, parameter optimization, waste form testing, evaluation of long-term durability, economic analysis, and scale-up feasibility. This technology development represents a significant investment which can potentially provide DOE with both short- and long-term savings

  9. On national work

    Cvijić, Jovan


    Title: O nacionalnom radu (On national work) Originally published: Srpski književni glasnik, 1907, vol. XVIII, No. 5, pp. 355–362. Language: SerbianThe excerpts used are from Jovan Cvijić, Govori i čland, (Belgrade: Napre-dak, 1921), pp. 51–71. About the author Jovan Cvijić [1865, Loznica (west Serbia) - 1927, Belgrade]: geographer. He studied natural sciences and mathematics at the Velika škola in Belgrade, the first high school, later university, in Serbia. He continued his advanced studies...

  10. National Security Series, User's Guide.

    Jones, Saundra L.

    This document is a guide to using the "National Security Series", which consists of seven books designed for teaching about national security issues in high school social studies classes. Five of the series books contain lessons designed to supplement specific courses by relating national security issues to U.S. government, U.S. history,…

  11. Gross National Happiness: A Tribute

    Powdyel, Thakur S.


    This document contains an essay written by Thakur S. Powdyel in which he describes his personal view on the concept of Gross National Happiness. In his opinion Gross National Happiness measures human development and achievements in a better way than Gross National Product or Money Income can do.

  12. The emerging nations

    If there is one common feature among developing countries it is that their electricity consumption is growing not only more rapidly than primary energy consumption but also more rapidly than electricity consumption in industrialized countries. Ten countries account for 63 percent of the total electricity production in the third world. Eight of these countries have nuclear power programs. Two more emerging countries have active nuclear power programs, two are negotiating their first plants, and three are in the planning stage. An additional 20 to 30 countries could be potential users of nuclear power during the next 15 years; however, several of these are among the major oil exporting nations. National economics and financing, and the weakness or strength of the infrastructure, have played a more significant role in the success or failure of nuclear power programs in developing countries than non-proliferation restrictions. Conditions that have to be met for the introduction of nuclear power in developing countries include: the availability of standardized plants that can compete with low-cost coal fire plants, preferable in the 300 MW(e) size range; uniformity in non-proliferation requirements imposed by suppliers; and creativity in financing arrangements. The present IAEA projection for nuclear power in the developing world is for 45-85 GW(e) by the year 2000, an increase of 35-75 GW(e) or 50-100 units

  13. ADS National Programmes: Belgium

    The Belgian activities in the field of Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) are mainly related to the MYRRHA project development. MYRRHA is an accelerator driven, multi purpose fast neutron spectrum facility for R&D, cooled by a lead-bismuth eutectic. SCK•CEN has started the MYRRHA project as a national programme with several national & international bilateral collaboration agreements; the project has now evolved as an European integrated project in the frame of the IPEUROTRANS (European Commission, Sixth Framework Programme). The MYRRHA ‘Draft-2’ predesign file (completed in the early 2005) has been proposed to the partners as a basis for the XT-ADS machine. After a detailed investigation of potential alternatives, the MYRRHA concept (for the subcritical core, the primary coolant system, the accommodation of experimental rigs, the reactor vessel and the spallation target) has been kept with some modifications to achieve the XT-ADS objectives. The most recent version of the XT-ADS design was presented in the 2007 TWG meeting

  14. National transmission grid study

    Abraham, Spencer [USDOE Office of the Secretary of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)


    The National Energy Policy Plan directed the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to conduct a study to examine the benefits of establishing a national electricity transmission grid and to identify transmission bottlenecks and measures to address them. DOE began by conducting an independent analysis of U.S. electricity markets and identifying transmission system bottlenecks using DOE’s Policy Office Electricity Modeling System (POEMS). DOE’s analysis, presented in Section 2, confirms the central role of the nation’s transmission system in lowering costs to consumers through increased trade. More importantly, DOE’s analysis also confirms the results of previous studies, which show that transmission bottlenecks and related transmission system market practices are adding hundreds of millions of dollars to consumers’ electricity bills each year. A more detailed technical overview of the use of POEMS is provided in Appendix A. DOE led an extensive, open, public input process and heard a wide range of comments and recommendations that have all been considered.1 More than 150 participants registered for three public workshops held in Detroit, MI (September 24, 2001); Atlanta, GA (September 26, 2001); and Phoenix, AZ (September 28, 2001).

  15. National Knowledge Commission

    Pitroda, Sam


    India's National Knowledge Commission (NKC) established by the prime minister is focused on building institutions and infrastructure in Education, Science and Technology, Innovation etc. to meet the challenges of the knowledge economy in the 21st century and increase India's competitive advantage in the global market. India today stands poised to reap the benefits of a rapidly growing economy and a major demographic advantage, with 550 million young people below the age of 25 years, the largest in the world. The NKC is focused on five critical areas of knowledge related to access, concepts, creation, applications and services. This includes a variety of subject areas such as language, translations, libraries, networks, portals, affirmative action, distance learning, intellectual property, Entrepreneurship, application in Agriculture, health, small and medium scale industries, e-governance etc. One of the keys to this effort is to build a national broadband gigabit of networks of 500 nodes to connect universities, Libraries, Laboratories, Hospitals, Agriculture institutions etc. to share resources and collaborate on multidisciplinary activities. This presentation will introduce the NKC, discuss methodology, subject areas, specific recommendation and outline a plan to build knowledge networks and specifics on network architecture, applications, and utilities.

  16. The National Ignition Facility

    Miller, G H; Moses, E I; Wuest, C R


    The National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a stadium-sized facility containing a 192-beam, 1.8-Megajoule, 500-Terawatt, ultraviolet laser system together with a 10-meter-diameter target chamber and room for 100 diagnostics. NIF is the world's largest and most energetic laser experimental system, providing a scientific center to study inertial confinement fusion and matter at extreme energy densities and pressures. NIF's energetic laser beams will compress fusion targets to conditions required for thermonuclear burn, liberating more energy than required to initiate the fusion reactions. Other NIF experiments will study physical processes at temperatures approaching 10{sup 8} K and 10{sup 11} bar; conditions that exist naturally only in the interior of stars and planets. NIF has completed the first phases of its laser commissioning program. The first four beams of NIF have generated 106 kilojoules in 23-ns pulses of infrared light and over 16 kJ in 3.5-ns pulses at the third harmonic (351 nm). NIF's target experimental systems are being commissioned and experiments have begun. This paper provides a detailed look the NIF laser systems, laser and optical performance, and results from recent laser commissioning shots. We follow this with a discussion of NIF's high-energy-density and inertial fusion experimental capabilities, the first experiments on NIF, and plans for future capabilities of this unique facility.

  17. National debate (Slovenia)

    The Governmental policies in the area of the safety of spent fuel management and of the safety of radioactive waste management are set in comprehensive nuclear legislation comprising of international agreements, domestic laws and regulations. In addition the government prepared several documents pertinent to the policy in the area of radioactive waste management. The most important are: a Strategy of Energy Use and Supply of Slovenia, adopted by the Slovene Parliament in 1996; a Decommissioning Plan for the Krsko NPP, produced and approved by the Government in September 1996; a Strategy for Long-term Spent Fuel Management,adopted by the Slovenian Government in 1996. The Strategy on Low and Intermediate Level Waste Management has been prepared by the Agency for Radioactive Waste Management. The document has been submitted to the Government for approval. According to the new Act on Ionising Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (2002) the National programme for radioactive waste and spent fuel management shall be adopted by the Parliament as a part of the national programme for the protection of the environment pursuant to the regulations on environmental protection. This National programme will substitute The Strategy for Long-term Spent Fuel Management and The Strategy on Low and Intermediate Level Waste Management. The technical groundwork for the National programme for radioactive waste and spent fuel management, together with a detailed description of the measures relating to the reduction of the occurrence of radioactive waste, to the treatment thereof prior to disposal and to its disposal, and the measures relating to the treatment and disposal of spent fuel, shall be carried out and communicated to the ministry competent for the environment by the ARAO Agency. The operative programmes within the national programme of the radioactive waste and spent fuel management shall be drawn up by the ARAO Agency adopted by the Government. The operative programmes shall

  18. Family ties? Afrikaner nationalism, pan-Netherlandic nationalism and neo-Calvinist "Christian nationalism"

    Furlong, Patrick J.


    This study, building on longstanding debates on “German” national socialist (“Nazi”) and “Dutch” Calvinist influences on Afrikaner nationalism, examines the latter’s intersecting relationships with Dutch neo-Calvinist “Christian nationalism” and pan-Netherlandic or Diets nationalism (embracing Dutch, Flemings and Afrikaners). Like similarly-minded Dutch (or Flemings), Afrikaners most drawn to Diets nationalism were often those most attracted to German-inspired Romantic volks...

  19. National Smart Water Grid

    Beaulieu, R A


    The United States repeatedly experiences floods along the Midwest's large rivers and droughts in the arid Western States that cause traumatic environmental conditions with huge economic impact. With an integrated approach and solution these problems can be alleviated. Tapping into the Mississippi River and its tributaries, the world's third largest fresh water river system, during flood events will mitigate the damage of flooding and provide a new source of fresh water to the Western States. The trend of increased flooding on the Midwest's large rivers is supported by a growing body of scientific literature. The Colorado River Basin and the western states are experiencing a protracted multi-year drought. Fresh water can be pumped via pipelines from areas of overabundance/flood to areas of drought or high demand. Calculations document 10 to 60 million acre-feet (maf) of fresh water per flood event can be captured from the Midwest's Rivers and pumped via pipelines to the Colorado River and introduced upstream of Lake Powell, Utah, to destinations near Denver, Colorado, and used in areas along the pipelines. Water users of the Colorado River include the cities in southern Nevada, southern California, northern Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Indian Tribes, and Mexico. The proposed start and end points, and routes of the pipelines are documented, including information on right-of-ways necessary for state and federal permits. A National Smart Water Grid{trademark} (NSWG) Project will create thousands of new jobs for construction, operation, and maintenance and save billions in drought and flood damage reparations tax dollars. The socio-economic benefits of NWSG include decreased flooding in the Midwest; increased agriculture, and recreation and tourism; improved national security, transportation, and fishery and wildlife habitats; mitigated regional climate change and global warming such as increased carbon capture; decreased salinity in Colorado River water

  20. National and Transnational Identities

    Jørgensen, Martin Bak

    models of incorporation that can handle this challenge. In substantive terms the aim of my dissertation is firstly to identify the integration and citizenship regimes in Denmark, Sweden and Germany, secondly to investigate how these influence the organising processes and collective identity constructions...... at the dynamics between concepts as citizenship, integration and political and discursive opportunity structures. Secondly I investigate the interplay between the particular opportunity structures and collective organising processes among Turks in the three chosen countries.[1] In doing so one I revisit...... to encompass transnational formations as argued above. The data material that is used in the analysis of collective organising processes in relation to the national opportunity structures consists of qualitative interviews with spokespersons and regular members from different Turkish organisations, expert...

  1. National Biological Monitoring Inventory

    The National Biological Monitoring Inventory, initiated in 1975, currently consists of four computerized data bases and voluminous manual files. MAIN BIOMON contains detailed information on 1,021 projects, while MINI BIOMON provides skeletal data for over 3,000 projects in the 50 states, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, plus a few in Canada and Mexico. BIBLIO BIOMON and DIRECTORY BIOMON complete the computerized data bases. The structure of the system provides for on-line search capabilities to generate details of agency sponsorship, indications of funding levels, taxonomic and geographic coverage, length of program life, managerial focus or emphasis, and condition of the data. Examples of each of these are discussed and illustrated, and potential use of the Inventory in a variety of situations is emphasized

  2. Genre, raison et nation

    Rada Ivekovic


    Full Text Available Ce travail s’intéresse aux mécanismes de sexuation et de subjectivation dans la construction de la nation. Quelques-uns ont postulé le “retard” de certains groupes sociaux par rapport à l’avènement de la “modernité”, concernant notamment les sujets extraeuropéens, mais aussi les femmes. En réalité, il n’y a pas de retard soit des femmes, soit des peuples colonisés en matière de modernité, parce que la norme de celle-ci est établie elle-même de façon arbitraire à partir d’une position de domination hégémonique depuis la modernité occidentale.

  3. Des millets aux nations

    Pitsos, Nicolas


    L’auteur de ce roman construit son intrigue sur l’histoire de plusieurs familles d’une part au moment de l’effondrement d’un monde, celui des millets de l’Empire ottoman fondé sur le principe de l’identification des individus en fonction de leurs croyances religieuses et, d’autre part, lors de la mise en place d’une nouvelle organisation politique, celle des États-nations obsédés par l’idée de la définition de l’individu sur la base de critères nationaux. L'exemple narratif dominant est celui...

  4. ADS National Programmes: France

    Studies related to nuclear reactors and radioactive waste started at the French National Centre for Scientific research, CNRS, as a result of the French law on radioactive waste that was published in 1991. They were initially organized around the programme PACE (Physique pour l’Aval du Cycle Electronucléaire = physics of the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle), which became PACEN (Physique pour l’Aval du Cycle et production d’Energie Nucléaire = Physics of the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle and production of nuclear energy) in 2006. Research on accelerator driven systems was from the beginning part of this programme. This research is mainly funded by the National Institute for Nuclear end Particle Physics (IN2P3) of CNRS and within the EURATOM European programmes (FP5, 6 and 7). The programme took place in several stages, and covered various scientific fields, benefitting from expertise of CNRS in the field. More specifically, it aimed and still aims to: – Test and verify the feasibility and design of the ADS concept, in terms of neutronics, physics of materials, design of the accelerator and tests of its prototypical components that have been built (or are at present under construction); – Measure and-or improve nuclear data related to radioactive waste transmutation. Today, most of the activities in support to ADS development carried out by CNRS focus on accelerator developments, GUINEVERE (Generator of Uninterrupted Intense NEutron at the lead VEnus REactor) experiment, ADS core studies, deployment scenarios and nuclear data measurements. The CEA R&D programmes on ADS are mainly focused on the European project EUROTRANS of the 6th Framework programme (2005–2010) and continued in the FREYA project of the 7th Framework Programme

  5. ADS National Programmes: China

    In China the conceptual study of an ADS concept which lasted for about five years ended in 1999. As one project of the National Basic Research Programme of China (973 Programme) in energy domain, which is sponsored by the China Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), a five year programme of fundamental research of ADS physics and related technology was launched in 2000 and passed national review at the end of 2005. From 2007, another five year 973 Programme Key Technology Research of Accelerator Driven Subcritical System for Nuclear waste Transmutation started. The research activities were focused on HPPA physics and technology, reactor physics of external source driven subcritical assembly, nuclear data base and material study. For HPPA, a high current injector consisting of an ECR ion source, LEBT and an RFQ accelerating structure of 3.5 MeV has been built and were being improved. In reactor physics study, a series of neutron multiplication experimental study has been carrying out. The VENUS I facility has been constructed as the basic experimental platform for neutronics study in ADS blanket. VENUS I a zero power subcritical neutron multiplying assembly driven by external neutron produced by a pulsed neutron generator or 252Cf neutron source. The theoretical, experimental and simulation studies on nuclear data, material properties and nuclear fuel circulation related to ADS are carried out in order to provide the database for ADS system analysis. China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE), Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) and other Chinese institutes carried out the MOST project together. Besides CIAE, China Academy of Science (CAS) pays more and more attention to Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles (ANFC). A large programme of ANFC, including ADS and Th based nuclear fuel cycle, has been launched by CAS

  6. Rondocubism versus National Style

    Hnídková, Vendula


    Full Text Available There is a range of various terms used to refer to architectural production from the period after the First World War, among the most common being 'Rondocubism' and the 'National Style'. The terminological ambiguity clearly points to the problem with the very character of the style of expression that lies behind these diverse labels. In the 1920s, figures of the interwar avant-garde were already sharply critical of the post-war decorative style, the leading figures of which were the architects Pavel Janák and Josef Gočár. While this negative stigma was later overcome, following several thematic studies, it is still possible to look for other inspiring sources outside aesthetic categories that were directed at clarifying this theme. Extensive social projects had architects employed in all sorts of artistic activities, and therefore a possible answer to what the essence of the style was is offered by the wider political and cultural context. After the foundation of the Czechoslovak Republic, the former protagonists of architectural Cubism and their colleagues from the Czechoslovak Workshop Association, Artěl and the School of Decorative Arts attained such social standing that they could effectively influence local artistic development. Through the individual conception applied to official commissions they created a visual identity of the new state system. As is apparent from their theoretical writings, they found their sources of information for ornamental decoration of buildings and craft artefacts by bonding with local tradition. This did not of course mean directly borrowing from folk-art prototypes. Advanced forms of national art were intended to help establish Czechoslovakia in the international scene and were also a conscious attempt through a more folkish form of expression to appeal to the wider strata of the population.


    Carmen-Mariana MIHALACHE


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to highlight the fact that the modern national state, oscillates on an orbit of conflict of laws, often marked by delegations of powers from the national to the supranational level. The movement of people, goods and services have always pointed out, through their national element, the appearance of conflicts of laws in the context of their migration to other national spaces, being carriers of cross-border implications. This issue is characterized by geopolitical developments in the international community that created the United Nations Organization and other alliances and delegated competence of interstate conflicts to the International Court of Justice on the one hand, in order to avoid another world conflagrations. In another train of thoughts the geopolitical world is constantly changing and its appearance, the geopolitical construction leads to a new system of law, the European one and other conflicts of laws which I symbolically call national versus European.

  8. The Scientific Competitiveness of Nations

    Cimini, Giulio; Labini, Francesco Sylos


    We use citation data of scientific articles produced by individual nations in different scientific domains to determine the structure and efficiency of national research systems. We characterize the scientific fitness of each nation$-$that is, the competitiveness of its research system$-$and the complexity of each scientific domain by means of a non-linear iterative algorithm able to assess quantitatively the advantage of scientific diversification. We find that technological leading nations, beyond having the largest production of scientific papers and the largest number of citations, do not specialize in a few scientific domains. Rather, they diversify as much as possible their research system. On the other side, less developed nations are competitive only in scientific domains where also many other nations are present. Diversification thus represents the key element that correlates with scientific and technological competitiveness. A remarkable implication of this structure of the scientific competition is...

  9. National Software Reference Library (NSRL)

    National Software Reference Library (NSRL) (PC database for purchase)   A collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Defense Computer Forensics Laboratory (DCFL),the U.S. Customs Service, software vendors, and state and local law enforement organizations, the NSRL is a tool to assist in fighting crime involving computers.

  10. Nationalism, War and Social Cohesion

    Malesevic, Sinisa


    Abstract Most studies of nationalism and war focus on the direct causal relationship between the two. Whereas the naturalist theories see strong national attachments as a primary cause of war, the formativist approaches understand nationalism as an inevitable product of warfare. This paper challenges both of these leading interpretations by problematizing the nature of group solidarity in the large scale violent conflicts. The author develops an alternative argument that emphasises...