Soliton models for thick branes
Peyravi, Marzieh; Riazi, Nematollah; Lobo, Francisco S. N.
2016-05-01
In this work, we present new soliton solutions for thick branes in 4+1 dimensions. In particular, we consider brane models based on the sine-Gordon (SG), φ 4 and φ 6 scalar fields, which have broken Z2 symmetry in some cases and are responsible for supporting and stabilizing the thick branes. The origin of the symmetry breaking in these models resides in the fact that the modified scalar field potential may have non-degenerate vacua. These vacua determine the cosmological constant on both sides of the brane. We also study the geodesic equations along the fifth dimension, in order to explore the particle motion in the neighborhood of the brane. Furthermore, we examine the stability of the thick branes, by determining the sign of the w^2 term in the expansion of the potential for the resulting Schrödinger-like equation, where w is the five-dimensional coordinate. It turns out that the φ ^4 brane is stable, while there are unstable modes for certain ranges of the model parameters in the SG and φ ^6 branes.
Soliton models for thick branes
Peyravi, Marzieh; Lobo, Francisco S N
2015-01-01
In this work, we present new soliton solutions for thick branes in $4+1$ dimensions. In particular, we consider brane models based on the sine-Gordon ($SG$), $\\varphi^{4}$ and $\\varphi^{6}$ scalar fields, which have broken $Z_{2}$ symmetry in some cases, and are responsible for supporting and stabilizing the thick branes. The origin of the symmetry breaking in these models resides in the fact that the modified scalar field potential may have non-degenerate vacuua. These vacuua determine the cosmological constant on both sides of the brane. We also study the geodesic equations along the fifth dimension, in order to explore the particle motion in the neighbourhood of the brane. Furthermore, we examine the stability of the thick branes, by determining the sign of the $w^2$ term in the expansion of the potential for the resulting Schrodinger-like equation, where $w$ is the 5-dimensional coordinate. It turns out that the $\\phi^4$ brane is stable, while there are unstable modes for certain ranges of the model param...
Chiral symmetry breaking in brane models
We discuss the chiral symmetry breaking in general intersecting Dq/Dp brane models consisting of Nc Dq-branes and a single Dp-brane with an s-dimensional intersection. There exists a QCD-like theory localized at the intersection and the Dq/Dp model gives a holographic description of it. The rotational symmetry of directions transverse to both of the Dq and Dp-branes can be identified with a chiral symmetry, which is non-Abelian for certain cases. The asymptotic distance between the Dq-branes and the Dp-brane corresponds to a quark mass. By studying the probe Dp-brane dynamics in a Dq-brane background in the near horizon and large Nc limit we find that the chiral symmetry is spontaneously broken and there appear (pseudo-)Nambu-Goldstone bosons. We also discuss the models at finite temperature
Metastable Supersymmetry Breaking Vacua on Abelian Brane Models
Halyo, Edi
2009-01-01
We construct Abelian brane models with metastable vacua which are obtained from deformations of ${\\cal N}=2$ supersymmetric brane configurations. One such model lives on a D4 brane stretched between two displaced and rotated NS5 branes. Another one lives on a D5 brane wrapped on a deformed and fibered $A_2$ singularity.
David Bailin
2003-02-01
I brieﬂy outline previous work on getting the (supersymmetric) standard model from string theory, and then describe two ecent attempts using D-branes. The ﬁrst uses D3- and D7- branes and gives a supersymmetric standard model with extra vector-like matter and an intermediate uniﬁcation scale. The second uses intersecting D4-branes and yields a non-supersymmetric spectrum with TeV-scale uniﬁcation.
Self-tuning and de Sitter brane intersections in 6-dimensional brane models
We study the self-tuning of general brane junctions and brane networks on 6-dimensional space-time. For general brane junctions, there may exist one fine-tuning among the brane tensions. For the brane networks, similar to the 5-dimensional self-tuning brane models, the brane tensions can be set arbitrarily and there exists a singularity for the metric and bulk scalar. If we want to regularize the singularity, we will introduce fine-tuning among the brane tensions. In addition, because the 4-dimensional cosmological constant we observe may be positive and very small, we discuss the brane network with de Sitter brane intersections by introducing a bulk scalar. (orig.)
Configurational entropy in brane-world models
Correa, R. A. C., E-mail: fis04132@gmail.com [CCNH, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-580, Santo André, SP (Brazil); Rocha, Roldão da, E-mail: roldao.rocha@ufabc.edu.br [CMCC, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-580, Santo André, SP (Brazil); International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Via Bonomea 265, 34136, Trieste (Italy)
2015-11-02
In this work we investigate the entropic information on thick brane-world scenarios and its consequences. The brane-world entropic information is studied for the sine-Gordon model and hence the brane-world entropic information measure is shown to be an accurate way for providing the most suitable range for the bulk AdS curvature, in particular from the informational content of physical solutions. Besides, the brane-world configurational entropy is employed to demonstrate a high organisational degree in the structure of the configuration of the system, for large values of a parameter of the sine-Gordon model but the one related to the AdS curvature. The Gleiser and Stamatopoulos procedure is finally applied in order to achieve a precise correlation between the energy of the system and the brane-world configurational entropy.
Configurational entropy in brane-world models
In this work we investigate the entropic information on thick brane-world scenarios and its consequences. The brane-world entropic information is studied for the sine-Gordon model and hence the brane-world entropic information measure is shown to be an accurate way for providing the most suitable range for the bulk AdS curvature, in particular from the informational content of physical solutions. Besides, the brane-world configurational entropy is employed to demonstrate a high organisational degree in the structure of the configuration of the system, for large values of a parameter of the sine-Gordon model but the one related to the AdS curvature. The Gleiser and Stamatopoulos procedure is finally applied in order to achieve a precise correlation between the energy of the system and the brane-world configurational entropy
Configurational entropy in brane-world models
In this work we investigate the entropic information on thick brane-world scenarios and its consequences. The brane-world entropic information is studied for the sine-Gordon model and hence the brane-world entropic information measure is shown to be an accurate way for providing the most suitable range for the bulk AdS curvature, in particular from the informational content of physical solutions. Besides, the brane-world configurational entropy is employed to demonstrate a high organisational degree in the structure of the configuration of the system, for large values of a parameter of the sine-Gordon model but the one related to the AdS curvature. The Gleiser and Stamatopoulos procedure is finally applied in order to achieve a precise correlation between the energy of the system and the brane-world configurational entropy. (orig.)
Models of Inflation on D-Branes
Halyo, E
2003-01-01
We obtain models of chaotic, slow--roll, hybrid and D--term inflation from the Hanany--Witten brane configuration and its deformations. The deformations are given by the different orientations of the branes and control the parameters of the scalar potential such as the inflaton mass, Yukawa couplings and the anomalous D--term. The different inflationary models are continuously connected and arise in different limits of the parameter space. We describe a compactified version of the brane construction that also leads to models of inflation.
Quantum billiards in multidimensional models with branes
Ivashchuk, V. D.; Melnikov, V. N.
2013-01-01
A gravitational D -dimensional model with l scalar fields and several forms is considered. When a cosmological-type diagonal metric is chosen, an electromagnetic composite brane ansatz is adopted and certain restrictions on the branes are imposed; the conformally covariant Wheeler–DeWitt (WDW) equation for the model is studied. Under certain restrictions asymptotic solutions to WDW equation are found in the limit of the formation of the billiard walls which reduce the problem to the so-called...
Quantum billiards in multidimensional models with branes
gravitational D-dimensional model with l scalar fields and several forms is considered. When a cosmological-type diagonal metric is chosen, an electromagnetic composite brane ansatz is adopted and certain restrictions on the branes are imposed; the conformally covariant Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation for the model is studied. Under certain restrictions asymptotic solutions to WDW equation are found in the limit of the formation of the billiard walls which reduce the problem to the so-called quantum billiard on the (D+l-2)-dimensional Lobachevsky space. Two examples of quantum billiards are considered. The first one deals with 9-dimensional quantum billiard for D = 11 model with 330 four-forms which mimic space-like M2- and M5-branes of D = 11 supergravity. The second one deals with the 9-dimensional quantum billiard for D = 10 gravitational model with one scalar field, 210 four-forms and 120 three-forms which mimic space-like D2-, D4-, FS1- and NS5-branes in D = 10 IIA supergravity. It is shown that in both examples wave functions vanish in the limit of the formation of the billiard walls (i.e. we get a quantum resolution of the singularity for 11D model) but magnetic branes could not be neglected in calculations of quantum asymptotic solutions while they are irrelevant for classical oscillating behavior when all 120 electric branes are present. (orig.)
Brane Brick Models in the Mirror
Franco, Sebastian; Seong, Rak-Kyeong; Vafa, Cumrun
2016-01-01
Brane brick models are Type IIA brane configurations that encode the $2d$ $\\mathcal{N}=(0,2)$ gauge theories on the worldvolume of D1-branes probing toric Calabi-Yau 4-folds. We use mirror symmetry to improve our understanding of this correspondence and to provide a systematic approach for constructing brane brick models starting from geometry. The mirror configuration consists of D5-branes wrapping 4-spheres and the gauge theory is determined by how they intersect. We also explain how $2d$ $(0,2)$ triality is realized in terms of geometric transitions in the mirror geometry. Mirror symmetry leads to a geometric unification of dualities in different dimensions, where the order of duality is $n-1$ for a Calabi-Yau $n$-fold. This makes us conjecture the existence of a quadrality symmetry in $0d$. Finally, we comment on how the M-theory lift of brane brick models connects to the classification of $2d$ $(0,2)$ theories in terms of 4-manifolds.
Isotropic singularity in inhomogeneous brane cosmological models
We discuss the asymptotic dynamical evolution of spatially inhomogeneous brane-world cosmological models close to the initial singularity. By introducing suitable scale-invariant dependent variables and a suitable gauge, we write the evolution equations of the spatially inhomogeneous G2 brane cosmological models with one spatial degree of freedom as a system of autonomous first-order partial differential equations. We study the system numerically, and we find that there always exists an initial singularity, which is characterized by the fact that spatial derivatives are dynamically negligible. More importantly, from the numerical analysis we conclude that there is an initial isotropic singularity in all these spatially inhomogeneous brane cosmologies for a range of parameter values which include the physically important cases of radiation and a scalar field source. The numerical results are supported by a qualitative dynamical analysis and a calculation of the past asymptotic decay rates. Although the analysis is local in nature, the numerics indicate that the singularity is isotropic for all relevant initial conditions. Therefore this analysis, and a preliminary investigation of general inhomogeneous (G0) models, indicates that it is plausible that the initial singularity is isotropic in spatially inhomogeneous brane-world cosmological models and consequently that brane cosmology naturally gives rise to a set of initial data that provide the conditions for inflation to subsequently take place
Solar system tests of brane world models
Boehmer, Christian G; Lobo, Francisco S N
2008-01-01
The classical tests of general relativity (perihelion precession, deflection of light, and the radar echo delay) are considered for the Dadhich, Maartens, Papadopoulos and Rezania (DMPR) solution of the spherically symmetric static vacuum field equations in brane world models. For this solution the metric in the vacuum exterior to a brane world star is similar to the Reissner-Nordstrom form of classical general relativity, with the role of the charge played by the tidal effects arising from projections of the fifth dimension. The existing observational solar system data on the perihelion shift of Mercury, on the light bending around the Sun (obtained using long-baseline radio interferometry), and ranging to Mars using the Viking lander, constrain the numerical values of the bulk tidal parameter and of the brane tension.
Brane Brick Models and 2d (0,2) Triality
Franco, Sebastian; Seong, Rak-Kyeong
2016-01-01
We provide a brane realization of 2d (0,2) Gadde-Gukov-Putrov triality in terms of brane brick models. These are Type IIA brane configurations that are T-dual to D1-branes over singular toric Calabi-Yau 4-folds. Triality translates into a local transformation of brane brick models, whose simplest representative is a cube move. We present explicit examples and construct their triality networks. We also argue that the classical mesonic moduli space of brane brick model theories, which corresponds to the probed Calabi-Yau 4-fold, is invariant under triality. Finally, we discuss triality in terms of phase boundaries, which play a central role in connecting Calabi-Yau 4-folds to brane brick models.
The landscape of intersecting brane models
Douglas, Michael R. [NHETC and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08855-0849 (United States); Taylor, Washington [Center for Theoretical Physics, MIT, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)
2007-01-15
We develop tools for analyzing the space of intersecting brane models. We apply these tools to a particular T{sup 6}/Z{sup 2}{sub 2} orientifold which has been used for model building. We prove that there are a finite number of intersecting brane models on this orientifold which satisfy the Diophantine equations coming from supersymmetry. We give estimates for numbers of models with specific gauge groups, which we confirm numerically. We analyze the distributions and correlations of intersection numbers which characterize the numbers of generations of chiral fermions, and show that intersection numbers are roughly independent, with a characteristic distribution which is peaked around 0 and in which integers with fewer divisors are mildly suppressed. As an application, the number of models containing a gauge group SU(3) x SU(2) x U(1) or SU(4) x SU(2) x SU(2) and 3 generations of appropriate types of chiral matter is estimated to be order O(10), in accord with previous explicit constructions. As another application of the methods developed in the paper, we construct a new pair of 3-generation SU(4) x SU(2) x SU(2) Pati-Salam models using intersecting branes. We conclude with a description of how this analysis can be generalized to a broader class of Calabi-Yau orientifolds, and a discussion of how the numbers of IBM's are related to numbers of stabilized vacua.
The landscape of intersecting brane models
Douglas, Michael R.; Taylor, Washington
2007-01-01
We develop tools for analyzing the space of intersecting brane models. We apply these tools to a particular T6/Bbb Z22 orientifold which has been used for model building. We prove that there are a finite number of intersecting brane models on this orientifold which satisfy the Diophantine equations coming from supersymmetry. We give estimates for numbers of models with specific gauge groups, which we confirm numerically. We analyze the distributions and correlations of intersection numbers which characterize the numbers of generations of chiral fermions, and show that intersection numbers are roughly independent, with a characteristic distribution which is peaked around 0 and in which integers with fewer divisors are mildly suppressed. As an application, the number of models containing a gauge group SU(3) × SU(2) × U(1) or SU(4) × SU(2) × SU(2) and 3 generations of appropriate types of chiral matter is estimated to be order Script O(10), in accord with previous explicit constructions. As another application of the methods developed in the paper, we construct a new pair of 3-generation SU(4) × SU(2) × SU(2) Pati-Salam models using intersecting branes. We conclude with a description of how this analysis can be generalized to a broader class of Calabi-Yau orientifolds, and a discussion of how the numbers of IBM's are related to numbers of stabilized vacua.
Brane model with two asymptotic regions
Lubo, Musongela
2005-02-01
Some brane models rely on a generalization of the Melvin magnetic universe including a complex scalar field among the sources. We argue that the geometric interpretation of Kip. S. Thorne of this geometry restricts the kind of potential a complex scalar field can display to keep the same asymptotic behavior. While a finite energy is not obtained for a Mexican hat potential in this interpretation, this is the case for a potential displaying a broken phase and an unbroken one. We use for technical simplicity and illustrative purposes an ad hoc potential which however shares some features with those obtained in some supergravity models. We construct a sixth dimensional cylindrically symmetric solution which has two asymptotic regions: the Melvin-like metric on one side and a flat space displaying a conical singularity on the other. The causal structure of the configuration is discussed. Unfortunately, gravity is not localized on the brane.
A Brane model with two asymptotic regions
Lubo, M
2004-01-01
Some brane models rely on a generalization of the Melvin magnetic universe including a complex scalar field among the sources. We argue that the geometric interpretation of Kip.S.Thorne of this geometry restricts the kind of potential a complex scalar field can display to keep the same asymptotic behavior. While a finite energy is not obtained for a Mexican hat potential in this interpretation, this is the case for a potential displaying a broken phase and an unbroken one. We use for technical simplicity and illustrative purposes an ad hoc potential which however shares some features with those obtained in some supergravity models. We construct a sixth dimensional cylindrically symmetric solution which has two asymptotic regions: the Melvin-like metric on one side and a flat space displaying a conical singularity on the other. The causal structure of the configuration is discussed. Unfortunately, gravity is not localized on the brane.
Brane model with two asymptotic regions
Some brane models rely on a generalization of the Melvin magnetic universe including a complex scalar field among the sources. We argue that the geometric interpretation of Kip. S. Thorne of this geometry restricts the kind of potential a complex scalar field can display to keep the same asymptotic behavior. While a finite energy is not obtained for a Mexican hat potential in this interpretation, this is the case for a potential displaying a broken phase and an unbroken one. We use for technical simplicity and illustrative purposes an ad hoc potential which however shares some features with those obtained in some supergravity models. We construct a sixth dimensional cylindrically symmetric solution which has two asymptotic regions: the Melvin-like metric on one side and a flat space displaying a conical singularity on the other. The causal structure of the configuration is discussed. Unfortunately, gravity is not localized on the brane
Clustering of Galaxies in Brane World Models
Hameeda, Mir; Faizal, Mir; Ali, Ahmed Farag
2015-01-01
In this paper, we analyze the clustering of galaxies using a modified Newtonian potential. This modification of the Newtonian potential occurs due to the existence of extra dimensions in brane world models. We will analyze a system of galaxies interacting with each other through this modified Newtonian potential. The partition function for this system of galaxies will be calculated, and this partition function will be used to calculate the free energy of this system of galaxies. The entropy a...
Modular symmetry in magnetized/intersecting D-brane models
Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Uemura, Shohei
2016-01-01
We study the modular symmetry in four-dimensional low-energy effective field theory, which is derived from type IIB magnetized D-brane models and type IIA intersecting D-brane models. We analyze modular symmetric behaviors of perturbative terms and non-perturbative terms induced by D-brane instanton effects. Anomalies are also investigated and such an analysis on anomalies suggests corrections in effective field theory.
Modeling a network of brane worlds
We study junctions of supersymmetric domain walls in N=1 supergravity theories in four dimensions, coupled to a chiral superfield with quartic superpotential having Z3 symmetry. After deriving a BPS equation of the domain wall junction, we consider a stable hexagonal configuration of network of brane junctions, which are only approximately locally BPS. We propose a model for a mechanism of supersymmetry breaking without loss of stability, where a messenger for the SUSY breaking comes from the neighboring anti-BPS junction world, propagating along the domain walls connection them. (author)
Conductivity bounds in probe brane models
Ikeda, Tatsuhiko N; Nakai, Yuichiro
2016-01-01
We discuss upper and lower bounds on the electrical conductivity of finite temperature strongly coupled quantum field theories, holographically dual to probe brane models, within linear response. In a probe limit where disorder is introduced entirely through an inhomogeneous background charge density, we find simple lower and upper bounds on the electrical conductivity in arbitrary dimensions. In field theories in two spatial dimensions, we show that both bounds persist even when disorder is included in the bulk metric. We discuss the challenges with finding sharp lower bounds on conductivity in three or more spatial dimensions when the metric is inhomogeneous.
Randall-Sundrum model with {lambda}<0 and bulk brane viscosity
Lepe, Samuel [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4950, Valparaiso (Chile); Pena, Francisco [Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Ciencias y Administracion, Universidad de la Frontera, Avda. Francisco Salazar 01145, Casilla 54-D, Temuco (Chile); Saavedra, Joel [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4950, Valparaiso (Chile)], E-mail: joel.saavedra@ucv.cl
2008-04-17
We study the effect of the inclusion of bulk brane viscosity on brane world (BW) cosmology in the framework of the Eckart's theory, we focus in the Randall-Sundrum model with negative tension on the brane.
Split supersymmetry in brane models
Ignatios Antoniadis
2006-11-01
Type-I string theory in the presence of internal magnetic fields provides a concrete realization of split supersymmetry. To lowest order, gauginos are massless while squarks and sleptons are superheavy. For weak magnetic fields, the correct Standard Model spectrum guarantees gauge coupling unification with sin2 W = 3/8 at the com-pactification scale of GUT ≃ 2 × 1016 GeV. I discuss mechanisms for generating gaugino and higgsino masses at the TeV scale, as well as generalizations to models with split extended supersymmetry in the gauge sector.
Brane-World Black Holes in Randall-Sundrum Models
Kim, W T; Oh, M K; Yoon, M S; Kim, Won Tae; Oh, John J.; Oh, Marie K.; Yoon, Myung Seok
2000-01-01
We study brane-world black holes from Randall-Sundrum(RS) models in ($D+1$)-dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetimes. The solutions are directly obtained by using a slightly modified RS metric ansatz in $D+1$ dimensions. The metric of the brane world can be described by the Schwarzschild solution promoted to the black cigar solution in $D+1$ dimensions, which is compatible with the recently suggested black cigar solution for D=4. Furthermore, we show that the Ricci flat condition for the brane can be easily derived from the effective gravity defined on the brane by using the RS dimensional reduction. Especially, it is shown that in two dimensions the effective gravity on the brane is described by the Polyakov action.
Clustering of Galaxies in Brane World Models
Hameeda, Mir; Ali, Ahmed Farag
2015-01-01
In this paper, we analyze the clustering of galaxies using a modified Newtonian potential. This modification of the Newtonian potential occurs due to the existence of extra dimensions in brane world models. We will analyze a system of galaxies interacting with each other through this modified Newtonian potential. The partition function for this system of galaxies will be calculated, and this partition function will be used to calculate the free energy of this system of galaxies. The entropy and the chemical potential for this system will also be calculated. We will derive an explicit expression for the clustering parameter for this system. This parameter will determine the behavior of this system, and we will be able to express various thermodynamic quantities using this clustering parameter. Thus, we will be able to explicitly analyze the effect that modifying the Newtonian potential can have on the clustering of galaxies.
Clustering of galaxies in brane world models
Hameeda, Mir; Faizal, Mir; Ali, Ahmed Farag
2016-04-01
In this paper, we analyze the clustering of galaxies using a modified Newtonian potential. This modification of the Newtonian potential occurs due to the existence of extra dimensions in brane world models. We will analyze a system of galaxies interacting with each other through this modified Newtonian potential. The partition function for this system of galaxies will be calculated, and this partition function will be used to calculate the free energy of this system of galaxies. The entropy and the chemical potential for this system will also be calculated. We will derive explicit expression for the clustering parameter for this system. This parameter will determine the behavior of this system, and we will be able to express various thermodynamic quantities using this clustering parameter. Thus, we will be able to explicitly analyze the effect that modifying the Newtonian potential can have on the clustering of galaxies. We also analyse the effect of extra dimensions on the two-point functions between galaxies.
Brane brick models, toric Calabi-Yau 4-folds and 2d (0,2) quivers
Franco, Sebastián; Lee, Sangmin; Seong, Rak-Kyeong
2016-02-01
We introduce brane brick models, a novel type of Type IIA brane configurations consisting of D4-branes ending on an NS5-brane. Brane brick models are T-dual to D1-branes over singular toric Calabi-Yau 4-folds. They fully encode the infinite class of 2 d (generically) {N}=(0,2) gauge theories on the worldvolume of the D1-branes and streamline their connection to the probed geometries. For this purpose, we also introduce new combinatorial procedures for deriving the Calabi-Yau associated to a given gauge theory and vice versa.
Brane Brick Models, Toric Calabi-Yau 4-Folds and 2d (0,2) Quivers
Franco, Sebastian; Seong, Rak-Kyeong
2015-01-01
We introduce brane brick models, a novel type of Type IIA brane configurations consisting of D4-branes ending on an NS5-brane. Brane brick models are T-dual to D1-branes over singular toric Calabi-Yau 4-folds. They fully encode the infinite class of 2d (generically) N=(0,2) gauge theories on the worldvolume of the D1-branes and streamline their connection to the probed geometries. For this purpose, we also introduce new combinatorial procedures for deriving the Calabi-Yau associated to a given gauge theory and vice versa.
Flavor structure in D-brane models: Majorana neutrino masses
Hamada, Yuta; Uemura, Shohei
2014-01-01
We study the flavor structure in intersecting D-brane models. We study anomalies of the discrete flavor symmetries. We analyze the Majorana neutrino masses, which can be generated by D-brane instanton effects. It is found that a certain pattern of mass matrix is obtained and the cyclic permutation symmetry remains unbroken. As a result, trimaximal mixing matrix can be realized if Dirac neutrino mass and charged lepton mass matrices are diagonal.
Sarrazin, M; Sarrazin, Michael; Petit, Fabrice
2004-01-01
In recent few years, there has been a number of papers devoted to the brane world theories which appear to be of potential interest for explaining several puzzling physical phenomena. Inspired from those models, we propose in this paper to consider relevant extensions of the Dirac and Pauli equations for a two brane universe. This model assumes that the branes are embedded in a 5D bulk where the fifth dimension is restricted to only two points. In previous attempts to describe quantum effects involving branes, graviton oscillations have been suggested as well as the possibility for highly energetic particles to escape into the 5D bulk. In this paper, we predict that usual matter particles can oscillate between the two branes as well. It is suggested that this phenomenon, which is a low energy one, might be enhanced using electromagnetic fields and could perhaps be demonstrated at a laboratory scale.
Towards an Explicit Model of D-brane Inflation
Baumann, Daniel; Klebanov, Igor R; McAllister, Liam
2007-01-01
We present a detailed analysis of an explicit model of warped D-brane inflation, incorporating the effects of moduli stabilization. We consider the potential for D3-brane motion in a warped conifold background that includes fluxes and holomorphically-embedded D7-branes involved in moduli stabilization. Although the D7-branes significantly modify the inflaton potential, they do not correct the quadratic term in the potential, and hence do not cause a uniform change in the slow-roll parameter eta. Nevertheless, we present a simple example based on the Kuperstein embedding of D7-branes, z_1=constant, in which the potential can be fine-tuned to be sufficiently flat for inflation. To derive this result, it is essential to incorporate the fact that the compactification volume changes slightly as the D3-brane moves. We stress that the compactification geometry dictates certain relationships among the parameters in the inflaton Lagrangian, and these microscopic constraints impose severe restrictions on the space of p...
On Factorization Constraints for Branes in the H3+ Model
Adorf, Hendrik; Flohr, Michael
We comment on the brane solutions for the boundary H3+ model that have been proposed so far and point out that they should be distinguished according to the patterns regular/irregular and discrete/continuous. In the literature, mostly irregular branes have been studied, while results on the regular ones are rare. For all types of branes, there are questions about how a second factorization constraint in the form of a b-2/2-shift equation can be derived. Here, we assume analyticity of the boundary two-point function, which means that the Cardy-Lewellen constraints remain unweakened. This enables us to derive unambiguously the desired b-2/2-shift equations. They serve as important additional consistency conditions. For some regular branes, we also derive 1/2-shift equations that were not known previously. Case by case, we discuss possible solutions to the enlarged system of constraints. We find that the well-known irregular continuous AdS2 branes are consistent with our new factorization constraint. Furthermore, we establish the existence of a new type of brane: the shift equations in a certain regular discrete case possess a nontrivial solution that we write down explicitly. All other types are found to be inconsistent when using our second constraint. We discuss these results in view of the Hosomichi-Ribault proposal and some of our earlier results on the derivation of b-2/2-shift equations.
T-branes as branes within branes
Collinucci, Andres
2014-01-01
Bound states of 7-branes known as 'T-branes' have properties that defy usual geometric intuition. For instance, the gauge group of n coincident branes may not be U(n). Also, charged matter may not show up at the intersection between two branes, but might be localized at some unexpected curve, or even at a point. By analyzing T-branes of perturbative type IIB string theory in the tachyon condensation picture we gain the following insights: In a large class of models, the tachyon can be diagonalized even though the worldvolume Higgs cannot. In those cases, we see the structure of these bound states more manifestly, thereby drastically simplifying analysis of gauge groups and spectra. Whenever the tachyon is not diagonalizable, matter localizes at unexpected loci, and we find that there is a lower-dimensional brane bound to the 7-brane.
D 3 -Brane Model Building and the Supertrace Rule
Bena, Iosif; Graña, Mariana; Kuperstein, Stanislav; Ntokos, Praxitelis; Petrini, Michela
2016-04-01
A common way to obtain standard-model-like Lagrangians in string theory is to place D 3 -branes inside flux compactifications. The bosonic and fermionic masses and couplings of the resulting gauge theory are determined by the ten-dimensional metric and the fluxes, respectively, and the breaking of supersymmetry is soft. However, not any soft-supersymmetry-breaking Lagrangian can be obtained this way since the string theory equations of motion impose certain relations between the soft couplings. We show that for D 3 -branes in background fluxes, these relations imply that the sums of the squares of the boson and of the fermion masses are equal and that, furthermore, one- and two-loop quantum corrections do not spoil this equality. This makes the use of D 3 -branes for constructing computationally controllable models for physics beyond the standard model problematic.
D3-Brane Model Building and the Supertrace Rule.
Bena, Iosif; Graña, Mariana; Kuperstein, Stanislav; Ntokos, Praxitelis; Petrini, Michela
2016-04-01
A common way to obtain standard-model-like Lagrangians in string theory is to place D3-branes inside flux compactifications. The bosonic and fermionic masses and couplings of the resulting gauge theory are determined by the ten-dimensional metric and the fluxes, respectively, and the breaking of supersymmetry is soft. However, not any soft-supersymmetry-breaking Lagrangian can be obtained this way since the string theory equations of motion impose certain relations between the soft couplings. We show that for D3-branes in background fluxes, these relations imply that the sums of the squares of the boson and of the fermion masses are equal and that, furthermore, one- and two-loop quantum corrections do not spoil this equality. This makes the use of D3-branes for constructing computationally controllable models for physics beyond the standard model problematic. PMID:27104696
Decompactifications and massless D-branes in hybrid models
Aspinwall, Paul S.; Ronen Plesser, M.
2010-07-01
A method of determining the mass spectrum of BPS D-branes in any phase limit of a gauged linear sigma model is introduced. A ring associated to monodromy is defined and one considers K-theory to be a module over this ring. A simple but interesting class of hybrid models with Landau-Ginzburg fibres over {mathbb{P}^n} are analyzed using special Kähler geometry and D-brane probes. In some cases the hybrid limit is an infinite distance in moduli space and corresponds to a decompactification. In other cases the hybrid limit isat a finite distance and acquires massless D-branes. An example studied appears to correspond to a novel theory of supergravity with an SU(2) gauge symmetry where the gauge and gravitational couplings are necessarily tied to each other.
Phenomenological Lagrangians, gauge models and branes
Zheltukhin, A. A.
2016-01-01
Phenomenological Lagrangians for physical systems with spontaneously broken symmetries are reformulated in terms of gauge field theory. Description of the Dirac $p$-branes in terms of the Yang-Mills-Cartan gauge multiplets interacting with gravity, is proved to be equivalent to their description as a closed dynamical system with the symmetry $ISO(1,D-1)$ spontaneously broken to $ISO(1,p)\\times SO(D-p-1)$.
On Factorization Constraints for Branes in the H3+ Model
Adorf, Hendrik
2008-01-01
We comment on the brane solutions for the boundary H3+ model that have been proposed so far and point out that they should be distinguished according to the patterns regular/irregular and discrete/continuous. In the literature, mostly irregular branes have been studied, while results on the regular ones are rare. For all types of branes, there are questions about how a second factorization constraint in the form of a b^{-2}/2-shift equation can be derived. Here, we assume analyticity of the boundary two point function, which means that the Cardy-Lewellen constraints remain unweakened. This enables us to derive unambiguously the desired b^{-2}/2-shift equations. They serve as important additional consistency conditions. For some regular branes, we also derive 1/2-shift equations that were not known previously. Case by case, we discuss possible solutions to the enlarged system of constraints. We find that the well-known irregular continuous AdS_2 branes are consistent with our new factorization constraint. Furt...
Comments on SUSY inflation models on the brane
Lee, Lu-Yun; Lin, Chia-Min
2009-01-01
In this paper we consider a class of inflation models on the brane where the dominant part of the inflaton scalar potential does not depend on the inflaton field value during inflation. In particular, we consider supernatural inflation, its hilltop version, A-term inflation, and supersymmetric (SUSY) D- and F-term hybrid inflation on the brane. We show that the parameter space can be broadened, the inflation scale generally can be lowered, and still possible to have the spectral index $n_s=0.96$.
Cosmological evolution in a two-brane warped geometry model
Kumar, Sumit; SenGupta, Soumitra
2014-01-01
We study an effective 4-dimensional scalar-tensor field theory, originated from an underlying brane-bulk warped geometry, to explore the scenario of inflation. It is shown that the inflaton potential naturally emerges from the radion energy-momentum tensor which in turn results into an inflationary model of the Universe on the visible brane that is consistent with the recent results from the Planck's experiment. The dynamics of modulus stabilization from the inflaton rolling condition is demonstrated. The implications of our results in the context of recent BICEP2 results are also discussed.
Frolov, Valeri P
2010-01-01
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that in models with large extra dimensions under special conditions one can extract information from the interior of 4D black holes. For this purpose we study an induced geometry on a test brane in the background of a higher dimensional static black string or a black brane. We show that at the intersection surface of the test brane and the bulk black string/brane the induced metric has an event horizon, so that the test brane contains a black hole. We call it a brane hole. When the test brane moves with a constant velocity V with respect to the bulk black object it also has a brane hole, but its gravitational radius r_e is greater than the size of the bulk black string/brane r_0 by the factor (1-V^2)^{-1}. We show that bulk `photon' emitted in the region between r_0 and r_e can meet the test brane again at a point outside r_e. From the point of view of observers on the test brane the events of emission and capture of the bulk `photon' are connected by a spacelike curve ...
Gauged linear sigma model for exotic five-brane
We study an N=(4,4) supersymmetric gauged linear sigma model which gives rise to the nonlinear sigma model for multi-centered KK-monopoles. We find a new T-duality transformation of the model even in the presence of F-terms. Performing T-duality, we find the gauged linear sigma model whose IR limit describes the exotic 522-brane with B-field
Warped Higgsless Models with IR-Brane Kinetic Terms
Davoudiasl, H; Lillie, Benjamin Huntington; Rizzo, T G
2004-01-01
We examine a warped Higgsless $SU(2)_L\\times SU(2)_R\\times U(1)_{B-L}$ model in 5--$d$ with IR(TeV)--brane kinetic terms. It is shown that adding a brane term for the $U(1)_{B-L}$ gauge field does not affect the scale ($\\sim 2-3$ TeV) where perturbative unitarity in $W_L^+ W_L^- \\to W_L^+ W_L^-$ is violated. This term could, however, enhance the agreement of the model with the precision electroweak data. In contrast, the inclusion of a kinetic term corresponding to the $SU(2)_D$ custodial symmetry of the theory delays the unitarity violation in $W_L^\\pm$ scattering to energy scales of $\\sim 6-7$ TeV for a significant fraction of the parameter space. This is about a factor of 4 improvement compared to the corresponding scale of unitarity violation in the Standard Model without a Higgs. We also show that null searches for extra gauge bosons at the Tevatron and for contact interactions at LEP II place non-trivial bounds on the size of the IR-brane terms.
Semi-doubled Sigma Models for Five-branes
Kimura, Tetsuji
2015-01-01
We study two-dimensional ${\\cal N}=(2,2)$ gauge theory and its dualized system in terms of complex (linear) superfields and their alternatives. Although this technique itself is not new, we can obtain a new model, the so-called "semi-doubled" GLSM. Similar to doubled sigma model, this involves both the original and dual degrees of freedom simultaneously, whilst the latter only contribute to the system via topological interactions. Applying this to the ${\\cal N}=(4,4)$ GLSM for H-monopoles, i.e., smeared NS5-branes, we obtain its T-dualized systems in quite an easy way. As a bonus, we also obtain the semi-doubled GLSM for an exotic $5^3_2$-brane whose background is locally nongeometric. In the low energy limit, we construct the semi-doubled NLSM which also generates the conventional string worldsheet sigma models. In the case of the NLSM for $5^3_2$-brane, however, we find that the Dirac monopole equation does not make sense any more because the physical information is absorbed into the divergent part via the ...
Free-field representation of permutation branes in Gepner models
We consider a free-field realization of Gepner models based on the free-field realization of N = 2 superconformal minimal models. Using this realization, we analyze the A/B-type boundary conditions starting from the ansatz with the left-moving and right-moving free-field degrees of freedom glued at the boundary by an arbitrary constant matrix. We show that the only boundary conditions consistent with the singular vector structure of unitary minimal model representations are given by permutation matrices, thereby yielding an explicit free-field construction of the permutation branes of Recknagel
Equation-of-state formalism for dark energy models on the brane and the future of brane universes
Astashenok, Artyom V.; Yurov, Artyom V. [Baltic Federal University of I. Kant, Department of Theoretical Physics, Kaliningrad (Russian Federation); Elizalde, Emilio [Facultat de Ciencies, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, ICE/CSIC and IEEC Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Odintsov, Sergei D. [Facultat de Ciencies, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, ICE/CSIC and IEEC Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA), Barcelona (Spain)
2012-12-15
Brane dark energy cosmologies, leading to various possible evolutions of our universe, are investigated. The discussion shows that while all these models can be made arbitrarily close to the standard {Lambda}CDM cosmology at present, their future evolutions can be very different, even diverge with time in a number of ways. This includes asymptotic de-Sitter evolution, Little Rip with dissolution of bound structures, and various possible singularities, as the Big Rip, a sudden future singularity (Type II), and Type III and Type IV cases. Specifically, some interesting effects coming from the brane tension are investigated. It is shown, in particular, that the Little Rip occurs faster on the brane model than in usual FRW cosmology. In the asymptotic de-Sitter regime the influence of the brane tension leads to a deviation of the value of the effective cosmological constant from that corresponding to ordinary dark energy. As a consequence, the value of the inertial force from the accelerating expansion can greatly exceed the corresponding inertial force in ordinary cosmological models. (orig.)
Brane world models with a nonminimally coupled bulk scalar field have been studied recently. In this paper we consider metric fluctuations around an arbitrary gravity-scalar background solution, and we show that the corresponding spectrum includes a localized zero mode which strongly depends on the profile of the background scalar field. For a special class of solutions, with a warp factor of the RS form, we solve the linearized Einstein equations, for a pointlike mass source on the brane, by using the brane bending formalism. We see that general relativity on the brane is recovered only if we impose restrictions on the parameter space of the models under consideration
Thick brane models in generalized theories of gravity
This work deals with thick braneworld models, in an environment where the Ricci scalar is changed to accommodate the addition of two extra terms, one depending on the Ricci scalar itself, and the other, which takes into account the trace of the energy–momentum tensor of the scalar field that sources the braneworld scenario. We suppose that the scalar field engenders standard kinematics, and we show explicitly that the gravity sector of this new braneworld scenario is linearly stable. We illustrate the general results investigating two distinct models, focusing on how the brane profile is changed in the modified theories
Configurational entropy in $f(R,T)$ brane models
Correa, R A C
2015-01-01
In this work we investigate generalized theories of gravity in the so-called configurational entropy (CE) context. We show, by means of this information-theoretical measure, that a stricter bound on the parameter of $f(R,T)$ brane models arises from the CE. We find that these bounds are characterized by a valley region in the CE profile, where the entropy is minimal. We argue that the CE measure can open a new role and an important additional approach to select parameters in modified theories of gravitation.
Configurational entropy in f(R,T) brane models
Correa, R.A.C. [Universidade Federal do ABC, CCNH, Santo Andre, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Moraes, P.H.R.S. [ITA, Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, Sao Jose dos Campos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
2016-02-15
In this work we investigate generalized theories of gravity in the so-called configurational entropy (CE) context. We show, by means of this information-theoretical measure, that a stricter bound on the parameter of f(R, T) brane models arises from the CE. We find that these bounds are characterized by a valley region in the CE profile, where the entropy is minimal. We argue that the CE measure can play a new role and might be an important additional approach to selecting parameters in modified theories of gravitation. (orig.)
Cosmological evolution in a two-brane warped geometry model
Kumar, Sumit, E-mail: sumit@ctp-jamia.res.in [Center For Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India); Sen, Anjan A., E-mail: aasen@jmi.ac.in [Center For Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India); SenGupta, Soumitra, E-mail: tpssg@iacs.res.in [Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata 700032 (India)
2015-07-30
We study an effective 4-dimensional scalar–tensor field theory, originated from an underlying brane–bulk warped geometry, to explore the scenario of inflation. It is shown that the inflaton potential naturally emerges from the radion energy–momentum tensor which in turn results in an inflationary model of the Universe on the visible brane that is consistent with the recent results from the Planck's experiment. The dynamics of modulus stabilization from the inflaton rolling condition is demonstrated. The implications of our results in the context of recent BICEP2 results are also discussed.
Cosmological evolution in a two-brane warped geometry model
Sumit Kumar
2015-07-01
Full Text Available We study an effective 4-dimensional scalar–tensor field theory, originated from an underlying brane–bulk warped geometry, to explore the scenario of inflation. It is shown that the inflaton potential naturally emerges from the radion energy–momentum tensor which in turn results in an inflationary model of the Universe on the visible brane that is consistent with the recent results from the Planck's experiment. The dynamics of modulus stabilization from the inflaton rolling condition is demonstrated. The implications of our results in the context of recent BICEP2 results are also discussed.
Brane structure and metastable graviton in five-dimensional model with (non)canonical scalar field
Zhong, Yuan; Zhao, Zhen-Hua
2014-01-01
The appearance of inner brane structure is an interesting issue in domain wall {brane model}. Because such structure usually leads to quasilocalized modes of various kinds of bulk fields. In this paper, we construct a domain wall brane model by using a scalar field $\\phi$, which couples to its kinetic term. The inner brane structure emerges as the scalar-kinetic coupling increases. With such brane structure, we show that it is possible to obtain gravity resonant modes in both tensor and scalar sectors. The number of the resonant modes depends on the vacuum expectation value of $\\phi$ and the form of scalar-kinetic coupling. The correspondence between our model and the canonical one is also discussed. The noncanonical and canonical background scalar fields are connected by an integral equation, while the warp factor remains the same. Via this correspondence, the canonical and noncanonical models share the same linear perturbation spectrum. So the gravity resonances {obtained} in the noncanonical frame can also...
Semiclassical description of D-branes in the SL(2)/U(1) gauged WZW model
In this paper we examine some semiclassical features of D-branes in the SL(2)/U(1) gauged WZW model and determine the small fluctuation spectra for one class of branes. We compare our results with expectations from the CFT side
Sigma-model Solutions and Intersecting p-Branes Related to Lie Algebras
Grebeniuk, M. A.; Ivashchuk, V. D.
1998-01-01
A family of Majumdar-Papapetrou type solutions in sigma-model of p-brane origin is obtained for all direct sums of finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras. Several examples of p-brane dyonic configurations in D=10 (IIA) and D=11 supergravities corresponding to the Lie algebra sl(3,C) are considered.
Massive modes in magnetized brane models
Hamada, Yuta
2012-01-01
We study higher dimensional models with magnetic fluxes, which can be derived from superstring theory. We study mass spectrum and wavefunctions of massless and massive modes for spinor, scalar and vector fields. We compute the 3-point couplings and higher order couplings among massless modes and massive modes in 4D low-energy effective field theory. These couplings have non-trivial behaviors, because wavefunctions of massless and massive modes are non-trivial.
Geometry of the Savvidy model for branes
Campuzano, C.; Capovilla, R.; Cervantes, A.; Rojas, E.
2012-02-01
We report on preliminary results about the geometrical properties of a generalized Savvidy action for relativistic extended objects [1]. The action is proportional to the worldvolume integral of the square root of the square of the mean extrinsic curvature. It can be seen as a generalization to extended objects of the model linear in the first Frenet-Serret curvature for a relativistic particle. The Hamiltonian formulation is considered using the Ostrogradski approach for higher derivative theories. We show that there are first-and second-class constraints. A geometrical analysis of the constraints is described, as the ensuing counting of the physical degrees of freedom of the theory.
On D-branes from gauged linear sigma models
We study both A-type and B-type D-branes in the gauged linear sigma model by considering worldsheets with boundary. The boundary conditions on the matter and vector multiplet fields are first considered in the large-volume phase/non-linear sigma model limit of the corresponding Calabi-Yau manifold, where we find that we need to add a contact term on the boundary. These considerations enable to us to derive the boundary conditions in the full gauged linear sigma model, including the addition of the appropriate boundary contact terms, such that these boundary conditions have the correct non-linear sigma model limit. Most of the analysis is for the case of Calabi-Yau manifolds with one Kaehler modulus (including those corresponding to hypersurfaces in weighted projective space), though we comment on possible generalisations
On Closed Timelike Curves and Warped Brane World Models
Slagter Reinoud Jan
2013-09-01
Full Text Available At first glance, it seems possible to construct in general relativity theory causality violating solutions. The most striking one is the Gott spacetime. Two cosmic strings, approaching each other with high velocity, could produce closed timelike curves. It was quickly recognized that this solution violates physical boundary conditions. The effective one particle generator becomes hyperbolic, so the center of mass is tachyonic. On a 5-dimensional warped spacetime, it seems possible to get an elliptic generator, so no obstruction is encountered and the velocity of the center of mass of the effective particle has an overlap with the Gott region. So a CTC could, in principle, be constructed. However, from the effective 4D field equations on the brane, which are influenced by the projection of the bulk Weyl tensor on the brane, it follows that no asymptotic conical space time is found, so no angle deficit as in the 4D counterpart model. This could also explain why we do not observe cosmic strings.
D-Brane Probes in the Matrix Model
Ferrari, Frank
2013-01-01
Recently, a new approach to large N gauge theories, based on a generalization of the concept of D-brane probes to any gauge field theory, was proposed. In the present note, we compute the probe action in the one matrix model with a quartic potential. This allows to illustrate several non-trivial aspects of the construction in an exactly solvable set-up. One of our main goal is to test the bare bubble approximation. The approximate free energy found in this approximation, which can be derived from a back-of-an-envelope calculation, matches the exact result for all values of the 't Hooft coupling with a surprising accuracy. Another goal is to illustrate the remarkable properties of the equivariant partial gauge-fixing procedure, which is at the heart of the formalism. For this we use a general xi-gauge to compute the brane action. The action depends on xi in a very non-trivial way, yet we show explicitly that its critical value does not and coincide with twice the free energy, as required by general consistency...
D-brane probes in the matrix model
Recently, a new approach to large N gauge theories, based on a generalization of the concept of D-brane probes to any gauge field theory, was proposed. In the present note, we compute the probe action in the one matrix model with a quartic potential. This allows to illustrate several non-trivial aspects of the construction in an exactly solvable set-up. One of our main goal is to test the bare bubble approximation. The approximate free energy found in this approximation, which can be derived from a back-of-an-envelope calculation, matches the exact result for all values of the 't Hooft coupling with a surprising accuracy. Another goal is to illustrate the remarkable properties of the equivariant partial gauge-fixing procedure, which is at the heart of the formalism. For this we use a general ξ-gauge to compute the brane action. The action depends on ξ in a very non-trivial way, yet we show explicitly that its critical value does not and coincides with twice the free energy, as required by general consistency. This is made possible by a phenomenon of ghost condensation and the spontaneous breaking of the equivariant BRST symmetry
D-brane probes in the matrix model
Ferrari, Frank
2014-03-01
Recently, a new approach to large N gauge theories, based on a generalization of the concept of D-brane probes to any gauge field theory, was proposed. In the present note, we compute the probe action in the one matrix model with a quartic potential. This allows to illustrate several non-trivial aspects of the construction in an exactly solvable set-up. One of our main goal is to test the bare bubble approximation. The approximate free energy found in this approximation, which can be derived from a back-of-an-envelope calculation, matches the exact result for all values of the 't Hooft coupling with a surprising accuracy. Another goal is to illustrate the remarkable properties of the equivariant partial gauge-fixing procedure, which is at the heart of the formalism. For this we use a general ξ-gauge to compute the brane action. The action depends on ξ in a very non-trivial way, yet we show explicitly that its critical value does not and coincides with twice the free energy, as required by general consistency. This is made possible by a phenomenon of ghost condensation and the spontaneous breaking of the equivariant BRST symmetry.
Branes in the GL(1 vertical stroke 1) WZNW-Model
We initiate a systematic study of boundary conditions in conformal field theories with target space supersymmetry. The WZNW model on GL(1 vertical stroke 1) is used as a prototypical example for which we find the complete set of maximally symmetric branes. This includes a unique brane of maximal super-dimension 2 vertical stroke 2, a 2-parameter family of branes with super-dimension 0 vertical stroke 2 and an infinite set of fully localized branes possessing a single modulus. Members of the latter family can only exist along certain lines on the bosonic base, much like fractional branes at orbifold singularities. Our results establish that all essential algebraic features of Cardy-type boundary theories carry over to the non-rational logarithmic WZNW model on GL(1 vertical stroke 1). (orig.)
Branes in the GL(1 vertical stroke 1) WZNW-Model
Creutzig, T.; Schomerus, V. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Quella, T. [Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands). KdV Inst. for Mathematics
2007-08-15
We initiate a systematic study of boundary conditions in conformal field theories with target space supersymmetry. The WZNW model on GL(1 vertical stroke 1) is used as a prototypical example for which we find the complete set of maximally symmetric branes. This includes a unique brane of maximal super-dimension 2 vertical stroke 2, a 2-parameter family of branes with super-dimension 0 vertical stroke 2 and an infinite set of fully localized branes possessing a single modulus. Members of the latter family can only exist along certain lines on the bosonic base, much like fractional branes at orbifold singularities. Our results establish that all essential algebraic features of Cardy-type boundary theories carry over to the non-rational logarithmic WZNW model on GL(1 vertical stroke 1). (orig.)
Chiral symmetry breaking in lattice QED model with fermion brane
Shintani, E
2012-01-01
We propose a novel approach of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking at near zero temperature in 4 dimensional QED model with 3+1 dimensional fermion brane using Hybrid Monte Carlo simulation. We consider an anisotropic QED coupling in non-compact QED action with the manifest gauge invariant interaction and fermi-velocity which is less than speed of light. This model allows for the scaling study at low temperature and strong coupling region with reduced computational cost. We compute the chiral condensate and its susceptibility with different coupling constant, velocity parameter and flavor number, and therefore obtain a compatible behavior with gap equation in broken phase. We also discuss about the comparison of Graphene model.
Standard Model-like D-brane models and gauge couplings
Hamada, Yuta; Uemura, Shohei
2014-01-01
We systematically search intersecting D-brane models, which just realize the Standard Model chiral matter contents and gauge symmetry. We construct new classes of non-supersymmetric Standard Model-like models. We also study gauge coupling constants of these models. The tree level gauge coupling is a function of compactification moduli, string scale, string coupling and winding number of D-branes. By tuning them, we examine whether the models can explain the experimental values of gauge couplings. As a result, we find that the string scale should be greater than $10^{14-15}$GeV if the compactification scale and the string scale are the same order.
D-brane Solitons in Supersymmetric Sigma-Models
Gauntlett, J P; Tong, D; Townsend, P K; Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Portugues, Rubén; Tong, David; Townsend, Paul K.
2001-01-01
Massive D=4 N=2 supersymmetric sigma models typically admit domain wall (Q-kink) solutions and string (Q-lump) solutions, both preserving 1/2 supersymmetry. We exhibit a new static 1/4 supersymmetric `kink-lump' solution in which a string ends on a wall, and show that it has an effective realization as a BIon of the D=4 super DBI-action. It is also shown to have a time-dependent Q-kink-lump generalization which reduces to the Q-lump in a limit corresponding to infinite BI magnetic field. All these 1/4 supersymmetric sigma-model solitons are shown to be realized in M-theory as calibrated, or `Q-calibrated', M5-branes in an M-monopole background.
Super Lie n-algebra extensions, higher WZW models, and super p-branes with tensor multiplet fields
Fiorenza, Domenico; Schreiber, Urs
2013-01-01
We formalize higher dimensional and higher gauge WZW-type sigma-model local prequantum field theory, and discuss its rationalized/perturbative description in (super-)Lie n-algebra homotopy theory (the true home of the "FDA"-language used in the supergravity literature). We show generally how the intersection laws for such higher WZW-type sigma-model branes (open brane ending on background brane) are encoded precisely in (super-) L-infinity-extension theory and how the resulting "extended (super-)spacetimes" formalize spacetimes containing sigma model brane condensates. As an application we prove in Lie n-algebra homotopy theory that the complete super p-brane spectrum of superstring/M-theory is realized this way, including the pure sigma-model branes (the "old brane scan") but also the branes with tensor multiplet worldvolume fields, notably the D-branes and the M5-brane. For instance the degree-0 piece of the higher symmetry algebra of 11-dimensional spacetime with an M2-brane condensate turns out to be the ...
The structure of f(R)-brane model
Xu, Zeng-Guang; Yu, Hao [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China); Zhong, Yuan [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China); Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, IFAE, Barcelona (Spain); Liu, Yu-Xiao [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China); Lanzhou University, Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the MoE, Lanzhou (China)
2015-08-15
Recently, a family of interesting analytical brane solutions were found in f(R) gravity with f(R) = R + αR{sup 2} in Bazeia et al. (Phys Lett B 729:127 2014). In these solutions, the inner brane structure can be turned on by tuning the value of the parameter α. In this paper, we investigate how the parameter α affects the localization and the quasilocalization of the tensorial gravitons around these solutions. It is found that, in a range of α, despite the brane having an inner structure, there is no graviton resonance. However, in some other regions of the parameter space, although the brane has no internal structure, the effective potential for the graviton Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes has a singular structure, and there exist a series of graviton resonant modes. The contribution of the massive graviton KK modes to Newton's law of gravity is discussed briefly. (orig.)
Dileep P Jatkar
2003-02-01
We review proposals of brane world models which attempt to combine gauge theories with gravity at TeV scale by conﬁning the gauge theory to a three-brane embedded in higher dimensional bulk. Gravity, however, propagates in the directions transverse to the brane as well.
D-brane scattering in IIB string theory and IIB matrix model
We consider two Dirichlet p-branes with lower dimensional brane charges and their scattering. We first calculate the cylinder amplitude of the open string with suitable boundary conditions. We compare this result with that in the 11B matrix model. We find agreement between them in the long distance, low velocity, or large field limit. We also find a way to investigate more general boundary conditions for the open string
The virial theorem and the dynamics of clusters of galaxies in the brane world models
Harko, T.; Cheng, K. S.
2007-01-01
A version of the virial theorem, which takes into account the effects of the non-compact extra-dimensions, is derived in the framework of the brane world models. In the braneworld scenario, the four dimensional effective Einstein equation has some extra terms, called dark radiation and dark pressure, respectively, which arise from the embedding of the 3-brane in the bulk. To derive the generalized virial theorem we use a method based on the collisionless Boltzmann equation. The dark radiation...
N=(4,4) Gauged Linear Sigma Models for Defect Five-branes
Kimura, Tetsuji
2015-01-01
We study two-dimensional ${\\cal N}=(4,4)$ gauged linear sigma model (GLSM). Its low energy effective theory is a nonlinear sigma model whose target space gives rise to a configuration of five-branes in string theory. In this article we focus on sigma models for NS5-branes, KK5-branes and an exotic $5^2_2$-brane. In particular, we carefully analyze the GLSM for an exotic $5^2_2$-brane whose background configuration is multi-valued. The exotic $5^2_2$-brane is a concrete example of nongeometric configuration in string theory. We find that the exotic feature originates from the string winding coordinate in a very clear way. In order to complete this analysis, we propose a duality transformation formula which converts an ${\\cal N}=(2,2)$ chiral superfield in F-term to a twisted chiral superfield coupled to an unconstrained complex superfield. This article is a short review based on arXiv:1304.4061 in collaboration with Shin Sasaki.
Holographic dark energy in braneworld models with moving branes and the w = −1 crossing
We apply the bulk holographic dark energy in general 5D two-brane models. We extract the Friedmann equation on the physical brane and we show that in the general moving-brane case the effective 4D holographic dark energy behaves as a quintom for a large parameter-space area of a simple solution subclass. We find that wΛ was larger than −1 in the past while its present value is wΛ0≈−1.05, and the phantom bound wΛ = −1 was crossed at zp≈0.41, a result in agreement with observations. Such a behavior arises naturally, without the inclusion of special fields or potential terms, but a fine-tuning between the 4D Planck mass and the brane tension has to be imposed
Metric factorizability and equivalence of brane world models with Brans-Dicke theory
Chakraborty, Sumanta
2015-01-01
In the standard brane world models, the bulk metric ansatz is usually assumed to be factorizable in brane and bulk coordinates. However it is not self evident that it is always possible to factorize the bulk metric. Using gradient expansion scheme, which involves, expansion of bulk quantities in terms of the brane to bulk curvature ratio, as perturbative parameter, we have explicitly shown that upto second order in perturbative expansion, metric factorizability is a valid assumption. We have also argued from our result that the same should be true for all orders in the perturbation scheme. We further establish that the non-local terms present in the bulk gravitational field equation can be replaced by radion field and the effective action on the brane obtained thereof resembles Brans-Dicke theory of gravity.
Fermions in five-dimensional brane world models
Smolyakov, Mikhail N
2016-01-01
In the present paper the fermion fields, living in the background of five-dimensional warped brane world models with compact extra dimension, are thoroughly examined. The Kaluza-Klein decomposition and isolation of the physical degrees of freedom is performed for those five-dimensional fermion field Lagrangians, which admit such a decomposition to be performed in a mathematically consistent way and provide a physically reasonable four-dimensional effective theory. It is also shown that for the majority of five-dimensional fermion field Lagrangians there are no (at least rather obvious) ways to perform the Kaluza-Klein decomposition consistently. Moreover, in these cases one may expect the appearance of various pathologies in the four-dimensional effective theory. Among the cases, for which the Kaluza-Klein decomposition can be performed in a mathematically consistent way, the case, which reproduces the Standard Model by the zero Kaluza-Klein modes most closely regardless of the size of the extra dimension, is...
Simple inflationary models in Gauss–Bonnet brane-world cosmology
Okada, Nobuchika; Okada, Satomi
2016-06-01
In light of the recent Planck 2015 results for the measurement of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy, we study simple inflationary models in the context of the Gauss–Bonnet (GB) brane-world cosmology. The brane-world cosmological effect modifies the power spectra of scalar and tensor perturbations generated by inflation and causes a dramatic change for the inflationary predictions of the spectral index (n s) and the tensor-to-scalar ratio (r) from those obtained in the standard cosmology. In particular, the predicted r values in the inflationary models favored by the Planck 2015 results are suppressed due to the GB brane-world cosmological effect, which is in sharp contrast with inflationary scenario in the Randall–Sundrum brane-world cosmology, where the r values are enhanced. Hence, these two brane-world cosmological scenarios are distinguishable. With the dramatic change of the inflationary predictions, the inflationary scenario in the GB brane-world cosmology can be tested by more precise measurements of n s and future observations of the CMB B-mode polarization.
Standard model-like D-brane models and gauge couplings
Hamada, Yuta [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Kobayashi, Tatsuo [Department of Physics, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Uemura, Shohei, E-mail: uemura@gauge.scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)
2015-08-15
We systematically search intersecting D-brane models, which just realize the Standard Model chiral matter contents and gauge symmetry. We construct new classes of non-supersymmetric Standard Model-like models. We also study the gauge coupling constants of these models. The tree level gauge coupling is a function of the compactification moduli, the string scale, the string coupling and the winding numbers of D-branes. By tuning them, we examine whether the models can explain the experimental values of gauge couplings. As a result, we find that the string scale should be greater than 10{sup 14–15} GeV if the compactification scale and the string scale are of the same order.
Standard model-like D-brane models and gauge couplings
Hamada, Yuta; Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Uemura, Shohei
2015-08-01
We systematically search intersecting D-brane models, which just realize the Standard Model chiral matter contents and gauge symmetry. We construct new classes of non-supersymmetric Standard Model-like models. We also study the gauge coupling constants of these models. The tree level gauge coupling is a function of the compactification moduli, the string scale, the string coupling and the winding numbers of D-branes. By tuning them, we examine whether the models can explain the experimental values of gauge couplings. As a result, we find that the string scale should be greater than 1014-15 GeV if the compactification scale and the string scale are of the same order.
On cross-section computation in the brane-world models
We present Mathematica7 numerical simulation of the process pp → jet + E/Tin the framework of modified Randall-Sundrum brane-world model with one infinite and n compact extra dimension. We compare the energy missing signature with the standard model background pp → jet + v v-bar , which was simulated at CompHep. We show that the models with numbers of compact extra dimensions greater than 4 can be probed at the protons center-of-mass energy equal 14 TeV. We also find that testing the brane-world models at 7 TeV on the LHC appears to hopeless
Cosmological constraints on parameters of one-brane models with extra dimension
Iofa, Mikhail Z
2009-01-01
We study some aspects of cosmologies in 5D models with one infinite extra dimension. Matter is confined to the brane, gravity extends to the bulk. Models with positive and negative tension of the brane are considered. Cosmological evolution of the 4D world is described by warped solutions of the generalized Friedmann equation. Cosmological solutions on the brane are obtained with the input of the present-time observational cosmological parameters. We estimate the age of the Universe and abundance of ${}^4 He$ produced in primordial nucleosynthesis in different models. Using these estimates we find constraints on dimensionless combinations of the 5D gravitational scale, scale of the warp factor and coupling at the 4D curvature term in the action.
Regarding the Radion in Randall-Sundrum Models with Brane Curvature
Dillon, Barry M; McDonald, Kristian L
2016-01-01
In Randall-Sundrum models, one typically expects the radion to be the lightest new "gravity" state, as it is dual to a composite pseudo-Goldstone boson associated with conformal symmetry breaking in the IR. Here, we investigate the effects of localized brane curvature on the properties of the radion in Goldberger-Wise stabilized Randall-Sundrum models. We point out that both the radion mass and coupling to brane matter are sensitive to the brane curvature. Radion/Higgs kinetic mixing, via an IR-localized non-minimal coupling to the Higgs, is also investigated, in relation to the ghost-like radion that can occur for $\\mathcal{O}(10)$ values of the IR curvature (as required to significantly suppress the first Kaluza-Klein graviton mass). We also discuss a class of speculative IR localized terms involving the radion. Basic comments regarding the dual 4D theory are offered.
Holomorphic variables in magnetized brane models with continuous Wilson lines
Camara, Pablo G; Dudas, Emilian
2010-01-01
We analyze the action of the target-space modular group in toroidal type IIB orientifold compactifications with magnetized D-branes and continuous Wilson lines. The transformation of matter fields agree with that of twisted fields in heterotic compactifications, constituting a check of type I/heterotic duality. We identify the holomorphic N = 1 variables for these compactifications. Matter fields and closed string moduli are both redefined by open string moduli. The redefinition of matter fields can be read directly from the perturbative Yukawa couplings, whereas closed string moduli redefinitions are obtained from D-brane instanton superpotential couplings. The resulting expressions reproduce and generalize, in the presence of internal magnetic fields, previous results in the literature.
Higgs-radion mixing in stabilized brane world models
Boos, Edward E; Perfilov, Maxim A; Smolyakov, Mikhail N; Volobuev, Igor P
2015-01-01
We consider a quartic interaction of the Higgs and Goldberger-Wise fields, which connects the mechanism of the extra dimension size stabilization with spontaneous symmetry breaking on our brane and gives rise to a coupling of the Higgs field to the radion and its KK tower. We estimate a possible influence of this coupling on the Higgs-radion mixing and study its experimental consequences.
Phantomlike behavior in a brane-world model with curvature effects
Recent observational evidence seems to allow the possibility that our Universe may currently be under a dark energy effect of a phantom nature. A suitable effective phantom fluid behavior can emerge in brane cosmology; in particular, within the normal non-self-accelerating Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati branch, without any exotic matter and due to curvature effects from induced gravity. The phantomlike behavior is based in defining an effective energy density that grows as the brane expands. This effective description breaks down at some point in the past when the effective energy density becomes negative and the effective equation of state parameter blows up. In this paper we investigate if the phantomlike regime can be enlarged by the inclusion of a Gauss-Bonnet (GB) term into the bulk. The motivation is that such a GB component would model additional curvature effects on the brane setting. More precisely, our aim is to determine if the GB term, dominating and modifying the early behavior of the brane universe, may eventually extend the regime of validity of the phantom mimicry on the brane. However, we show that the opposite occurs: the GB effect seems instead to induce a breakdown of the phantomlike behavior at an even smaller redshift.
A Matrix Model for the Null-Brane
Robbins, Daniel; Sethi, Savdeep
2005-01-01
The null-brane background is a simple smooth 1/2 BPS solution of string theory. By tuning a parameter, this background develops a big crunch/big bang type singularity. We construct the DLCQ description of this space-time in terms of a Yang-Mills theory on a time-dependent space-time. Our dual Matrix description provides a non-perturbative framework in which the fate of both (null) time, and the string S-matrix can be studied.
A Matrix Model for the Null-Brane
Robbins, D; Robbins, Daniel; Sethi, Savdeep
2006-01-01
The null-brane background is a simple smooth 1/2 BPS solution of string theory. By tuning a parameter, this background develops a big crunch/big bang type singularity. We construct the DLCQ description of this space-time in terms of a Yang-Mills theory on a time-dependent space-time. Our dual Matrix description provides a non-perturbative framework in which the fate of both (null) time, and the string S-matrix can be studied.
A matrix model for the null-brane
The null-brane background is a simple smooth 1/2 BPS solution of string theory. By tuning a parameter, this background develops a big crunch/big bang type singularity. We construct the DLCQ description of this space-time in terms of a Yang-Mills theory on a time-dependent space-time. Our dual Matrix description provides a non-perturbative framework in which the fate of both (null) time, and the string S-matrix can be studied
Coincidence of the Universe Description Stemming from D-branes Theory and ENU Model
Sima, Jozef; Sukenik, Miroslav
2001-01-01
The contribution provides a comparison of consequences stemming from D-brane theories and Expansive Nondecelerative Universe model, and calls attention to coincidence of the results arising from the mentioned approaches to a description of the Universe. It follows from the comparison that the effects of quantum gravitation should appear at the energy near to 2 TeV.
A Non-minimally Coupled Quintom Dark Energy Model on the Warped DGP Brane
Nozari, Kourosh; Azizi, Tahereh; Behrouz, Noushin
2008-01-01
We study dynamics of equation of state parameter for a non-minimally coupled quintom dark energy component on the warped DGP brane. We investigate crossing of the cosmological constant line in this scenario. This crossing occurs in both DGP$^{\\pm}$ branches of the model.
T-branes as branes within branes
Collinucci, Andrés; Savelli, Raffaele
2015-09-01
Bound states of 7-branes known as `T-branes' have properties that defy usual geometric intuition. For instance, the gauge group of n coincident branes may not be U( n). More surprisingly, matter may show up at unexpected loci, such as points.
Papantonopoulos, E.
2002-01-01
The aim of these lectures is to give a brief introduction to brane cosmology. After introducing some basic geometrical notions, we discuss the cosmology of a brane universe with matter localized on the brane. Then we introduce an intrinsic curvature scalar term in the bulk action, and analyze the cosmology of this induced gravity. Finally we present the cosmology of a moving brane in the background of other branes, and as a particular example, we discuss the cosmological evolution of a test b...
Davey, John; Mekareeya, Noppadol; Torri, Giuseppe
2009-01-01
Connections between different M2-brane theories are established via the Higgs mechanism, which can be most efficiently studied on brane tilings. This leads to several M2-brane models, with brane tilings or Chern-Simons levels which have not been considered so far. The moduli spaces of these models are identified and examined in detail. The toric diagrams are constructed using Kasteleyn matrices and the forward algorithm.
We derive leading terms in the effective actions describing the coupling of bulk supergravity fields to systems of arbitrary numbers of Dp-branes and D(p+4)-branes in type-IIA/IIB string theory. We use these actions to investigate the physics of Dp-D(p+4) systems in the presence of weak background fields. In particular, we construct various solutions describing collections of Dp-branes blown up into open D(p+2)-branes ending on D(p+4)-branes. The configurations are stabilized by the presence of background fields and represent an open-brane analogue of the Myers dielectric effect. To deduce the D-brane actions, we use supersymmetry to derive operators corresponding to moments of various conserved currents in the Berkooz-Douglas matrix model of M-theory in the presence of longitudinal M5-branes and then use dualities to relate these operators to the worldvolume operators appearing in the Dp-D(p+4)-brane effective actions. (author)
A non-minimally coupled quintom dark energy model on the warped DGP brane
Nozari, K; Azizi, T [Department of Physics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Mazandaran, PO Box 47416-95447, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Setare, M R [Department of Science, University of Kurdistan, Pasdaran Ave, Sanandaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Behrouz, N [Department of Physics, Payam-e Nour University, PO Box 919, Mashad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: knozari@umz.ac.ir, E-mail: rezakord@ipm.ir, E-mail: t.azizi@umz.ac.ir
2009-08-15
We construct a quintom dark energy model with two non-minimally coupled scalar fields, one quintessence and the other phantom field, confined to the warped Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) brane. We show that this model accounts for crossing of the phantom divide line in appropriate subspaces of the model parameter space. This crossing occurs for both normal and self-accelerating branches of this DGP-inspired setup.
Bergshoeff, Eric A., E-mail: E.A.Bergshoeff@rug.nl [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Marrani, Alessio, E-mail: Alessio.Marrani@cern.ch [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Riccioni, Fabio, E-mail: Fabio.Riccioni@roma1.infn.it [INFN Sezione di Roma, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' La Sapienza' , Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy)
2012-08-01
We complete the classification of half-supersymmetric branes in toroidally compactified IIA/IIB string theory in terms of representations of the T-duality group. As a by-product we derive a last wrapping rule for the space-filling branes. We find examples of T-duality representations of branes in lower dimensions, suggested by supergravity, of which none of the component branes follow from the reduction of any brane in ten-dimensional IIA/IIB string theory. We discuss the constraints on the charges of half-supersymmetric branes, determining the corresponding T-duality and U-duality orbits.
Gravitational resonances on f(R)-brane
Yu, Hao; Gu, Bao-Min [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China); Zhong, Yuan [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China); Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, IFAE, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Liu, Yu-Xiao [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China); Lanzhou University, Key Laboratory for Magnetism and Magnetic Materials of the MoE, Lanzhou (China)
2016-04-15
In this paper, we investigate various f(R)-brane models and compare their gravitational resonance structures with the corresponding general relativity (GR)-branes. Starting from some known GR-brane solutions, we derive thick f(R)-brane solutions such that the metric, scalar field, and scalar potential coincide with those of the corresponding GR-branes.We find that for the branes generated by a single or several canonical scalar fields, there is no obvious distinction between the GR-branes and the corresponding f(R)-branes in terms of gravitational resonance structure. Then we discuss the branes generated by a K-field. In this case, there could exist huge differences between GR-branes and f(R)-branes. (orig.)
We give a brief review of recent work on rational boundary states associated with gluing automorphisms from the permutation group. We sketch how the construction can be extended to Gepner models and show that there is a D0-brane among the permutation branes on the quintic. (Abstract Copyright [2003], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Closed string brane-like states, brane bound states and noncommutative branes
We study the mass and different RR charge distributions of the BPS (p,p-2)-brane bound states in the closed string brane-like σ-model. We show that such brane bound states can be realized by introducing a constant B field in the closed string theory. In addition we show that the worldvolume coordinates of these brane bound states turn out to be noncommutative. (author)
Fine-tuning problem in five-dimensional brane world models
Fine tuning may be called a main disadvantage of the Randall-sundrum model, being the most popular brane world model, constructed quite artificially in the five-dimensional space-time. It needs a bare multidimensional cosmological constant, which is related strictly to the four-dimensional tension. We try to avoid this problem of naturalness, introducing a perfect fluid with arbitrary linear equations of state in both three-dimensional external and one-dimensional internal spaces. This model represents the direct generalization of the Randall-Sundrum one. We derive equations for background metric coefficients, determining a wide class of new exact solutions, and discuss uselessness of subsequent development of brane world models in view of their unjustified plurality
Modified geodetic brane cosmology
We explore the cosmological implications provided by the geodetic brane gravity action corrected by an extrinsic curvature brane term, describing a codimension-1 brane embedded in a 5D fixed Minkowski spacetime. In the geodetic brane gravity action, we accommodate the correction term through a linear term in the extrinsic curvature swept out by the brane. We study the resulting geodetic-type equation of motion. Within a Friedmann–Robertson–Walker metric, we obtain a generalized Friedmann equation describing the associated cosmological evolution. We observe that, when the radiation-like energy contribution from the extra dimension is vanishing, this effective model leads to a self-(non-self)-accelerated expansion of the brane-like universe in dependence on the nature of the concomitant parameter β associated with the correction, which resembles an analogous behaviour in the DGP brane cosmology. Several possibilities in the description for the cosmic evolution of this model are embodied and characterized by the involved density parameters related in turn to the cosmological constant, the geometry characterizing the model, the introduced β parameter as well as the dark-like energy and the matter content on the brane. (paper)
Some aspects of the role of p-branes in non-perturbative superstring theory and M-theory are reviewed. It is then shown how the Chern-Simons terms in D = 10 and D = 11 supergravity theories determine which branes can end on which, i.e. the 'brane-boundary rules'. (orig.)
D-Brane Inflation on Conifolds
Halyo, E
2004-01-01
We describe a model of D--brane inflation on fractional D3 branes transverse to a resolved and deformed conifold. The resolution and the deformation are both necessary for inflation. The fractional branes slowly approach each other along the $S^3$ and separate along the $S^2$ in the base of the conifold. We show that on the brane this corresponds to hybrid inflation. We describe the model also in terms of intersecting branes.
Global D-brane models with stabilised moduli and light axions
Cicoli, Michele
2012-01-01
We review recent attempts to try to combine global issues of string compactifications, like moduli stabilisation, with local issues, like semi-realistic D-brane constructions. We list the main problems encountered, and outline a possible solution which allows globally consistent embeddings of chiral models. We also argue that this stabilisation mechanism leads to an axiverse. We finally illustrate our general claims in a concrete example where the Calabi-Yau manifold is explicitly described by toric geometry.
N-fold tensor products of a rational CFT carry an action of the permutation group SN. These automorphisms can be used as gluing conditions in the study of boundary conditions for tensor product theories. We present an ansatz for such permutation boundary states and check that it satisfies the cluster condition and Cardy's constraints. For a particularly simple case, we also investigate associativity of the boundary OPE, and find an intriguing connection with the bulk OPE. In the second part of the paper, the constructions are slightly extended for application to Gepner models. We give permutation branes for the quintic, together with some formulae for their intersections. (author)
Gutperle, M; Gutperle, Michael; Strominger, Andrew
2002-01-01
Scalar field theories with appropriate potentials in Minkowski space can have time-dependent classical solutions containing topological defects which correspond to S-branes - i.e. branes all of whose tangential dimensions are spacelike. It is argued that such S-branes arise in string theory as time-dependent solutions of the worldvolume tachyon field of an unstable D-brane or D-brane-anti-D-brane pair. Using the known coupling of the spacetime RR fields to the worldvolume tachyon it is shown that these S-branes carry a charge, defined as the integral of a RR field strength over a sphere (containing a time as well as spatial dimensions) surrounding the S-brane. This same charge is carried by SD-branes, i.e. Dirichlet branes arising from open string worldsheet conformal field theories with a Dirichlet boundary condition on the timelike dimension. The corresponding SD-brane boundary state is constructed. Supergravity solutions carrying the same charges are also found for a few cases.
Sahni, Varun
2016-07-01
The Phantom brane is based on the normal branch of the DGP braneworld. It possesses a phantom-like equation of state at late times, but no big-rip future singularity. In this braneworld, the cosmological constant is dynamically screened at late times. Consequently it provides a good fit to SDSS DR11 measurements of H(z) at high redshifts. We obtain a closed system of equations for scalar perturbations on the brane. Perturbations of radiation, matter and the Weyl fluid are self-consistently evolved until the present epoch. We find that the late time growth of density perturbations on the brane proceeds at a faster rate than in ΛCDM. Additionally, the gravitational potentials φ, Ψ evolve differently on the brane than in ΛCDM, for which φ = Ψ. On the Brane, by contrast, the ratio φ/Ψ exceeds unity during the late matter dominated epoch (z ≤ 50). These features emerge as smoking gun tests of phantom brane cosmology and allow predictions of this scenario to be tested against observations of galaxy clustering and large scale structure. The phantom brane also displays a pole in its equation of state, which provides a key test of this dark energy model.
E2 Instanton Effects and Higgs Physics In Intersecting Brane Models
Luo, Mingxing
2008-01-01
String instanton effects in Higgs physics are discussed through a type IIA model based on T^{6}/(Z^{2}\\times Z^{'2}) orentifold compactifaction. By inclusion of rigid E2-branes, the model exhibits a MSSM-like spectrum, as well as extra mu and quartic Higgs couplings. These extra couplings are induced via E2 instantons non-perturbatively. Setting the string scale at 10^{18} GeV, one gets interesting TeV Higgs physics. In particlular, the tree-level Higgs mass can be uplifted substantially.
Matrix factorisations and permutation branes
The description of B-type D-branes on a tensor product of two N = 2 minimal models in terms of matrix factorisations is related to the boundary state description in conformal field theory. As an application we show that the D0- and D2-brane for a number of Gepner models are described by permutation boundary states. In some cases (including the quintic) the images of the D2-brane under the Gepner monodromy generate the full charge lattice
Non-Perturbative Effects in Matrix Models and D-branes
Alexandrov, Sergei Yu.; Kazakov, Vladimir A.; Kutasov, David
2003-01-01
The large order growth of string perturbation theory in $c\\le 1$ conformal field theory coupled to world sheet gravity implies the presence of $O(e^{-{1\\over g_s}})$ non-perturbative effects, whose leading behavior can be calculated in the matrix model approach. Recently it was proposed that the same effects should be reproduced by studying certain localized D-branes in Liouville Field Theory, which were constructed by A. and Al. Zamolodchikov. We discuss this correspondence in a number of di...
Information content in $F(R)$ brane models with non-constant curvature
Correa, R A C; Dutra, A de Souza; da Rocha, Roldao; Menezes, R
2015-01-01
In this work we investigate the entropic information-measure in the context of braneworlds with non-constant curvature. The braneworld entropic information is studied for gravity modified by the squared of the Ricci scalar, besides the usual Einstein-Hilbert term. We showed that the minimum value of the brane configurational entropy provides a stricter bound on the parameter that is responsible for the $F(R)$ model to differ from the Einstein-Hilbert standard one. Our results are moreover consistent to a negative bulk cosmological constant.
Bazeia, D
2004-01-01
We investigate a system described by two real scalar fields coupled with gravity in (4, 1) dimensions in warped spacetime involving one extra dimension. The results show that the parameter which controls the way the two scalar fields interact induces the appearence of thick brane which engenders internal structure, driving the energy density to localize inside the brane in a very specific way.
Bergshoeff, E. A.; Lozano, Y.; Ortín, Tomas
1997-01-01
Published in: Nucl. Phys. B 518 (1998) 363-423 citations recorded in [Science Citation Index] Abstract: We investigate the effective worldvolume theories of branes in a background given by (the bosonic sector of) 10-dimensional massive IIA supergravity (``massive branes'') and their M-theoretic orig
Brane collisions in anti-de Sitter space
Neronov, Andrey
2001-01-01
From the requirement of continuous matching of bulk metric around the point of brane collision we derive a conservation law for collisions of p-branes in (p+2)-dimensional space-time. This conservation law relates energy densities on the branes before and after the collision. Using this conservation law we are able to calculate the amount of matter produced in the collision of orbifold-fixed brane with a bulk brane in the ``ekpyrotic/pyrotechnic type'' models of brane cosmologies.
Latent solitons, black strings, black branes, and equations of state in Kaluza-Klein models
In Kaluza-Klein models with an arbitrary number of toroidal internal spaces, we investigate soliton solutions which describe the gravitational field of a massive compact object. Each di-dimensional torus has its own scale factor Ci, i=1,...,N, which is characterized by a parameter γi. We single out the physically interesting solution corresponding to a pointlike mass. For the general solution we obtain equations of state in the external and internal spaces. These equations demonstrate that the pointlike mass soliton has dustlike equations of state in all spaces. We also obtain the parametrized post-Newtonian parameters, which give the possibility to obtain the formulas for perihelion shift, deflection of light and time-delay of radar echoes. Additionally, the gravitational experiments lead to a strong restriction on the parameters of the model: τ=i=1Ndiγi=-(2.1±2.3)x10-5. The pointlike mass solution with γ1=...=γN=(1+i=1Ndi)-1 contradicts this restriction. The condition τ=0 satisfies the experimental limitation and defines a new class of solutions which are indistinguishable from general relativity. We call such solutions latent solitons. Black strings and black branes with γi=0 belong to this class. Moreover, the condition of stability of the internal spaces singles out black strings/branes from the latent solitons and leads uniquely to the black string/brane equations of state pi=-ε/2, i=1,...,N, in the internal spaces and to the number of the external dimensions d0=3. The investigation of multidimensional static spherically symmetric perfect fluid with a dustlike equation of state in the external space confirms the above results.
Viña, Andrés
2015-01-01
Given a Calabi-Yau manifold $X$ acted by a group $G$ and considering the $B$-branes on $X$ as objects in the derived category of coherent sheaves, we give a definition of equivariant branes, which generalizes the concept of equivariant sheaves. We also propose a definition of equivariant charge of an equivariant brane. The spaces of strings joining the branes ${\\mathcal F}$ and ${\\mathcal G}$, are the groups $Ext^i({\\mathcal F},\\,{\\mathcal G})$. We prove that the spaces of strings between two $G$-equivariant branes support representations of $G$. Thus, these spaces can be decomposed in direct sum of invariant spaces for the $G$-action. We show some particular decompositions, when $X$ is a toric variety and when $X$ is a flag manifold of a semisimple Lie group.
Non-perturbative effects in matrix models and D-branes
The large order growth of string perturbation theory in c ≤ 1 conformal field theory coupled to world sheet gravity implies the presence of O(e-circumflex{-{1/gs}}) non-perturbative effects, whose leading behavior can be calculated in the matrix model approach. Recently it was proposed that the same effects should be reproduced by studying certain localized D-branes in Liouville Field Theory, which were constructed by A. and Al. Zamolodchikov. We discuss this correspondence in a number of different cases: unitary minimal models coupled to Liouville, where we compare the continuum analysis to the matrix model results of Eynard and Zinn-Justin, and compact c = 1 CFT coupled to Liouville in the presence of a condensate of winding modes, where we derive the matrix model prediction and compare it to Liouville theory. In both cases we find agreement between the two approaches. The c = 1 analysis also leads to predictions about properties of D-branes localized in the vicinity of the tip of the cigar in SL(2)/U(1) CFT with c = 26. (author)
Non-Perturbative Effects in Matrix Models and D-branes
Alexandrov, S Yu; Kutasov, D; Alexandrov, Sergei Yu.; Kazakov, Vladimir A.; Kutasov, David
2003-01-01
The large order growth of string perturbation theory in $cle 1$ conformal field theory coupled to world sheet gravity implies the presence of $O(e^{-{1over g_s}})$ non-perturbative effects, whose leading behavior can be calculated in the matrix model approach. E. Martinec recently proposed that the same effects should be reproduced by studying certain localized D-branes in Liouville Field Theory, which were constructed by A. and Al. Zamolodchikov. We discuss this correspondence in a number of different cases: unitary minimal models coupled to Liouville, where we compare the continuum analysis to the matrix model results of Eynard and Zinn-Justin, and compact c=1 CFT coupled to Liouville in the presence of a condensate of winding modes, where we derive the matrix model prediction and compare it to Liouville theory. In both cases we find agreement between the two approaches. The c=1 analysis also leads to predictions about properties of D-branes localized in the vicinity of the tip of the cigar in SL(2)/U(1) CF...
D7-brane dynamics and thermalization in the Kuperstein-Sonnenschein model
Kaviani, Dariush
2016-01-01
We study the temperature of rotating probe D7-branes, dual to the temperature of flavored quarks, in the Kuperstein--Sonnenschein holographic model including the effects of spontaneous breakdown of the conformal and chiral flavor symmetry. The model embeds probe D7-branes into the Klebanov-Witten gravity dual of conformal gauge theory, with the embedding parameter, given by the minimal radial extension of the probe, setting the IR scale of conformal and chiral flavor symmetry breakdown. We show that when the minimal extension is positive definite and additional spin is turned on, the induced world volume metrics on the probe admit thermal horizons and Hawking temperatures despite the absence of black holes in the bulk. We find the scale and behavior of the temperature in flavored quarks are determined notably by the IR scale of symmetry breaking, and by the strength and sort of external fields. We also derive the energy--stress tensor of the rotating probe and study its backreaction and energy dissipation. We...
Inflation in Brane World Gravity
Banerjee, Argha
2015-01-01
We study the inflationary dynamics in Brane World gravity and look for observational signatures of any deviation from the standard General Relativity based results of Cosmological Perturbation Theory. We first review the standard paradigm of General Relativity based inflationary dynamics and cosmological perturbation theory and then go on to review Brane World gravity. Finally we look at the high energy corrections for some chosen models and compare the results with the Planck and WMAP (9 year) data. Then we make a summary of our results and point out certain interesting features of Brane World gravity based calculations and infer it's implications on Brane World gravity itself.
Permutation branes and linear matrix factorisations
All the known rational boundary states for Gepner models can be regarded as permutation branes. On general grounds, one expects that topological branes in Gepner models can be encoded as matrix factorisations of the corresponding Landau-Ginzburg potentials. In this paper we identify the matrix factorisations associated to arbitrary B-type permutation branes
Phenomenological aspects of D-branes
A general overview is presented on string phenomenology, emphasizing the role played by D-branes. A general discussion of the main challenges for string phenomenology is followed by recent progress made in constructing realistic models from D-branes and anti-branes at singularities and also from intersecting D-branes. Some possible cosmological implications of these classes of string models are also mentioned. (author)
Farakos, K.; Koutsoumbas, G.; Pasipoularides, P.
2007-01-01
Brane world models with a non-minimally coupled bulk scalar field have been studied recently. In this paper we consider metric fluctuations around an arbitrary gravity-scalar background solution, and we show that the corresponding spectrum includes a localized zero mode which strongly depends on the profile of the background scalar field. For a special class of solutions, with a warp factor of the RS form, we solve the linearized Einstein equations, for a point-like mass source on the brane, ...
Generalised N=2 permutation branes
Generalised permutation branes in products of N = 2 minimal models play an important role in accounting for all RR charges of Gepner models. In this paper an explicit conformal field theory construction of these generalised permutation branes for one simple class of examples is given. We also comment on how this may be generalised to the other cases
Flavour Condensates in Brane Models and Dark Energy
Mavromatos, Nick E; Tarantino, Walter
2009-01-01
In the context of a microscopic model of string-inspired foam, in which foamy structures are provided by brany point-like defects (D-particles) in space-time, we discuss flavour mixing as a result of flavour non-preserving interactions of (low-energy) fermionic stringy matter excitations with the defects. Such interactions involve splitting and capture of the matter string state by the defect, and subsequent re-emission. Quantum fluctuations of the D-particles induce a non-trivial space-time background; in some circumstances this could be akin to a cosmological Friedman-Robertson Walker expanding-Universe, with weak (but non-zero) particle production. Furthermore the D-particle medium can induce an MSW type effect. We have argued previously, in the context of bosons, that the so-called flavour vacuum is the appropriate state to be used, at least for low-energy excitations, with energies/momenta up to a dynamically determined cutoff scale. In this work we evaluate the flavour-vacuum expectation value (condensa...
Vacuum solutions of the gravitational field equations in the brane world model
Mak, MK; Harko, TC
2004-01-01
We consider some classes of solutions of the static, spherically symmetric gravitational field equations in the vacuum in the brane world scenario, in which our Universe is a three-brane embedded in a higher dimensional space-time. The vacuum field equations on the brane are reduced to a system of two ordinary differential equations, which describe all the geometric properties of the vacuum as functions of the dark pressure and dark radiation terms (the projections of the Weyl curvature of th...
Classifying bions in Grassmann sigma models and non-Abelian gauge theories by D-branes
We classify bions in the Grassmann GrNF,NC sigma model (including the ℂPNF−1 model) on ℝ1×S1 with twisted boundary conditions. We formulate these models as U(NC) gauge theories with NF flavors in the fundamental representations. These theories can be promoted to supersymmetric gauge theories and, further, can be embedded into D-brane configurations in type-II superstring theories. We focus on specific configurations composed of multiple fractional instantons, termed neutral bions and charged bions, which are identified as perturbative infrared renormalons by Ünsal and his collaborators [G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, J. High Energy Phys. 1211, 170 (2012); G. V. Dunne and M. Ünsal, Phys. Rev. D 87, 025015 (2013)]. We show that D-brane configurations, as well as the moduli matrix, offer a very useful tool to classify all possible bion configurations in these models. In contrast to the ℂPNF−1 model, there exist Bogomol’nyi–Prasad–Sommerfield (BPS) fractional instantons with topological charges greater than unity (of order NC) that cannot be reduced to a composite of an instanton and fractional instantons. As a consequence, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits neutral bions made of BPS and anti-BPS fractional instantons, each of which has a topological charge greater (less) than one (minus one), that are not decomposable into an instanton–anti-instanton pair and the rest. The ℂPNF−1 model is found to have no charged bions. In contrast, we find that the Grassmann sigma model admits charged bions, for which we construct exact non-BPS solutions of the field equations
Madjumdar-Papapetrou Type Solutions in Sigma-model and Intersecting p-branes
Ivashchuk, V D
1999-01-01
The block-orthogonal generalization of the Madjumdar-Papapetrou type solutions for the sigma-model studied earlier in \\cite{IM4}-\\cite{IMC} are obtained and corresponding solutions with p-branes are considered. The existence of solutions and the number of independent harmonic functions is defined by the matrix of scalar products of vectors $U^s$, governing the sigma-model target space metric. (For orthogonal $U^s$, when target space is symmetric homogeneous space, the solutions coincide with those from finite dimensional Lie algebras and hyperbolic (Kac-Moody) algebras are singled out and investigated. The affine Cartan matrices do not arise in the scheme under consideration. Some examples of solutions and intersection rules for D=11 supergravity, related D=12 theory and extending them $B_D$-models are considered. For special multicenter solutions the indicators of horizon and curvature singularity are introduced.
Realistic D-Brane Models on Warped Throats: Fluxes, Hierarchies and Moduli Stabilization
Cascales, J F G; Quevedo, Fernando; Uranga, Angel M
2004-01-01
We describe the construction of string theory models with semirealistic spectrum in a sector of (anti) D3-branes located at an orbifold singularity at the bottom of a highly warped throat geometry, which is a generalisation of the Klebanov-Strassler deformed conifold. These models realise the Randall-Sundrum proposal to naturally generate the Planck/electroweak hierarchy in a concrete string theory embedding, and yielding interesting chiral open string spectra. We describe examples with Standard Model gauge group (or left-right symmetric extensions) and three families of SM fermions, with correct quantum numbers including hypercharge. The dilaton and complex structure moduli of the geometry are stabilised by the 3-form fluxes required to build the throat. We describe diverse issues concerning the stabilisation of geometric Kahler moduli, like blow-up modes of the orbifold singularities, via D term potentials and gauge theory non-perturbative effects, like gaugino condensation. This local geometry, once embedd...
Study of branes with variable tension
Aros, Rodrigo
2016-01-01
In this work we study a brane world model with variable tension which gives rise to four dimensional cosmologies. The brane worlds obtained correspond to E\\"{o}tv\\"{o}s branes whose (internal) geometry can be casted as either a four dimensional (A)dS$_{4}$ or a standard radiation period cosmology. The matter dominated period is discussed as well.
Feng, Sheng-Fei; Huang, Yong-Chang; Liu, Xin; Zhao, Ying-Jie
2015-01-01
A generalization from the usual $5$-dimensional two-brane Randall-Sundrum (RS) model to a $6$-dimensional multi-brane RS model is presented. The extra dimensions are extended from one to two; correspondingly the single-variable warp function is generalized to be a double-variable function, to represent the two extra dimensions. In the analysis of the Einstein equation we have two remarkable discoveries. One is that, when branes are absent, the cosmological parameter distributed in the two extra dimensions acts as a function describing a family of circles. These circles are not artificially added ones but stem from the equations of motion, while their radii are inversely proportional to the square root of the cosmological parameter. The other discovery is that, on any circle, there symmetrically distribute four branes. Their tensions, $V_1 \\sim V_4$, satisfy a particular relationship $V_1=V_3=-V_2=-V_4=3M^4$, where $M$ is the $6$-dimensional fundamental scale of the RS model.
Rigour and Rigidity: Systematics on particle physics D6-brane models on Z(2)xZ(6)
Ecker, Jill; Staessens, Wieland
2014-01-01
We launch a systematic search for phenomenologically appealing string vacua with intersecting D-branes on the promising T6/Z(2)xZ(6)xOR orientifold with discrete torsion. The number of independent background lattices is reduced from six to two by new symmetries. The occurrence of USp(2N) and SO(2N) versus U(N) gauge groups is classified as well as D-branes without matter in the adjoint and/or symmetric representation. Supersymmetric fractional D6-branes allowing for RR tadpole cancellation are fully classified in terms of all possible values of the one complex structure modulus inherited from the underlying six-torus. We then systematically investigate the conditions for three particle generations at pairwise intersections of two D6-branes. Global SU(5) GUT models on T6/Z(2)xZ(6)xOR are excluded by demanding three generations and no exotic matter in the 15 representation. Two prototypes of global Pati-Salam models with a mild amount of vector-like exotic matter are found.
Inflation on Fractional Branes: D--Brane Inflation as D--Term Inflation
Halyo, E
2004-01-01
We describe a D--brane inflation model which consists of two fractional D3 branes separated on a transverse $T^2 \\times K3$. Inflation arises due to the resolved orbifold singularity of $K3$ which corresponds to an anomalous D--term on the brane. Therefore D--brane inflation in the bulk corresponds to D--term inflation on the brane. The inflaton and the trigger field parametrize the interbrane distances on $T^2$ an $K3$ respectively. After inflation the branes reach a supersymmetric configuration in which they are at the origin of $T^2$ but separated along the $K3$ directions.
Cosmology from quantum potential in a system of oscillating branes
Sepehri, Alireza
2015-01-01
Recently, some authors proposed a new mechanism which gets rid of the big-bang singularity and shows that the age of the universe is infinite. In this paper, we will confirm their results and predict that the universe may expand and contract many times in a system of oscillating branes. In this model, first, N fundamental strings transit to N M0-anti-M0-branes. Then, M0-branes join to each other and build an M8-anti-M8 system. This system is unstable, broken and two anti-M4-branes, a compactified M4-brane, an M3-brane in additional to one M0-brane are produced. The M3-brane wraps around the compactified M4-brane and both of them oscillate between two anti-M4-branes. Our universe is located on the M3-brane and interacts with other branes by exchanging the M0-brane and some scalars in transverse directions. By wrapping of M3-brane, universe contracts and generalized uncertainty principle or GUP emerges. By oscillating the compactified M4-M3-brane and approaching to one of anti-M4-branes, one end of M3-brane glu...
Budhwani, Karim Ismail
The tremendous quality of life impact notwithstanding, cardiovascular diseases and Cancer add up to over US$ 700bn each year in financial costs alone. Aging and population growth are expected to further expand the problem space while drug research and development remain expensive. However, preclinical costs can be substantially mitigated by substituting animal models with in vitro devices that accurately model human cardiovascular transport. Here we present a novel physiologically relevant lab-on-a-brane that simulates in vivo pressure, flow, strain, and shear waveforms associated with normal and pathological conditions in large and small blood vessels for studying molecular transport across the endothelial monolayer. The device builds upon previously demonstrated integrated microfluidic loop design by: (a) introducing nanoscale pores in the substrate membrane to enable transmembrane molecular transport, (b) transforming the substrate membrane into a nanofibrous matrix for 3D smooth muscle cell (SMC) tissue culture, (c) integrating electrospinning fabrication methods, (d) engineering an invertible sandwich cell culture device architecture, and (e) devising a healthy co-culture mechanism for human arterial endothelial cell (HAEC) monolayer and multiple layers of human smooth muscle cells (HSMC) to accurately mimic arterial anatomy. Structural and mechanical characterization was conducted using confocal microscopy, SEM, stress/strain analysis, and infrared spectroscopy. Transport was characterized using FITC-Dextran hydraulic permeability protocol. Structure and transport characterization successfully demonstrate device viability as a physiologically relevant arterial mimic for testing transendothelial transport. Thus, our lab-on-a-brane provides a highly effective and efficient, yet considerably inexpensive, physiologically relevant alternative for pharmacokinetic evaluation; possibly reducing animals used in pre-clinical testing, clinical trials cost from false
Maartens Roy
2004-01-01
Full Text Available The observable universe could be a 1+3-surface (the "brane" embedded in a 1+3+$d$-dimensional spacetime (the "bulk", with Standard Model particles and fields trapped on the brane while gravity is free to access the bulk. At least one of the $d$ extra spatial dimensions could be very large relative to the Planck scale, which lowers the fundamental gravity scale, possibly even down to the electroweak ($sim$TeV level. This revolutionary picture arises in the framework of recent developments in M theory. The 1+10-dimensional M theory encompasses the known 1+9-dimensional superstring theories, and is widely considered to be a promising potential route to quantum gravity. General relativity cannot describe gravity at high enough energies and must be replaced by a quantum gravity theory, picking up significant corrections as the fundamental energy scale is approached. At low energies, gravity is localized at the brane and general relativity is recovered, but at high energies gravity "leaks" into the bulk, behaving in a truly higher-dimensional way. This introduces significant changes to gravitational dynamics and perturbations, with interesting and potentially testable implications for high-energy astrophysics, black holes and cosmology. Brane-world models offer a phenomenological way to test some of the novel predictions and corrections to general relativity that are implied by M theory. This review discusses the geometry, dynamics and perturbations of simple brane-world models for cosmology and astrophysics, mainly focusing on warped 5-dimensional brane-worlds based on the Randall-Sundrum models.
Gravity localization on hybrid branes
Veras, D. F. S.; Cruz, W. T.; Maluf, R. V.; Almeida, C. A. S.
2016-03-01
This work deals with gravity localization on codimension-1 brane worlds engendered by compacton-like kinks, the so-called hybrid branes. In such scenarios, the thin brane behavior is manifested when the extra dimension is outside the compact domain, where the energy density is non-trivial, instead of asymptotically as in the usual thick brane models. The zero mode is trapped in the brane, as required. The massive modes, although not localized in the brane, have important phenomenological implications such as corrections to the Newton's law. We study such corrections in the usual thick domain wall and in the hybrid brane scenarios. By means of suitable numerical methods, we attain the mass spectrum for the graviton and the corresponding wavefunctions. The spectra possess the usual linearly increasing behavior from the Kaluza-Klein theories. Further, we show that the 4D gravitational force is slightly increased at short distances. The first eigenstate contributes highly for the correction to the Newton's law. The subsequent normalized solutions have diminishing contributions. Moreover, we find out that the phenomenology of the hybrid brane is not different from the usual thick domain wall. The use of numerical techniques for solving the equations of the massive modes is useful for matching possible phenomenological measurements in the gravitational law as a probe to warped extra dimensions.
Bergshoeff, E A; Townsend, P K; Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Gibbons, Gary W.; Townsend, Paul K.
2006-01-01
We show how, in heterotic M-theory, an M5-brane in the 11-dimensional bulk may end on an ``M9-brane'' boundary, the M5-brane boundary being a Yang monopole 4-brane. This possibility suggests various novel 5-brane configurations of heterotic M-theory, in particular a static M5-brane suspended between the two M9-brane boundaries, for which we find the asymptotic heterotic supergravity solution.
Smolyakov, Mikhail N.; Volobuev, Igor P.
2016-01-01
In this paper we examine, from the purely theoretical point of view and in a model-independent way, the case, when matter, gauge and Higgs fields are allowed to propagate in the bulk of five-dimensional brane world models with compact extra dimension, and the Standard Model fields and their interactions are supposed to be reproduced by the corresponding zero Kaluza-Klein modes. An unexpected result is that in order to avoid possible pathological behavior in the fermion sector, it is necessary to impose constraints on the fermion field Lagrangian. In the case when the fermion zero modes are supposed to be localized at one of the branes, these constraints imply an additional relation between the vacuum profile of the Higgs field and the form of the background metric. Moreover, this relation between the vacuum profile of the Higgs field and the form of the background metric results in the exact reproduction of the gauge boson and fermion sectors of the Standard Model by the corresponding zero mode four-dimensional effective theory in all the physically relevant cases, allowed by the absence of pathologies. Meanwhile, deviations from these conditions can lead either back to pathological behavior in the fermion sector or to a variance between the resulting zero mode four-dimensional effective theory and the Standard Model, which, depending on the model at hand, may, in principle, result in constraints putting the theory out of the reach of the present day experiments.
Wands, David
1999-01-01
A simple model of the brane-world cosmology has been proposed, which is characterized by four parameters, the bulk cosmological constant, the spatial curvature of the universe, the radiation strength arising from bulk space-time and the breaking parameter of $Z_2$-symmetry. The bulk space-time is assumed to be locally static five-dimensional analogue of the Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter space-time, and then the location of three-brane is determined by metric junction. The resulting Friedmann e...
DBI Action from Closed Strings and D-brane second Quantization
Kogan, I I; Kogan, Ian I.; Polyakov, Dimitri
2003-01-01
Brane-like vertex operators play an important role in a worldsheet formulation of D-branes and M-theory. In this paper we derive the DBI D-brane action from NSR closed string sigma-model with brane-like states. We also show that these operators carry RR charges and define D-brane wavefunctions in a second quantized formalism.
The study of braneworlds has been an area of intense activity over the past decade, with thousands of papers being written, and many important technical advances being made. This book focuses on a particular aspect of braneworlds, namely perturbative gravity in one specific model: the Randall-Sundrum model. The book starts with an overview of the Randall-Sundrum model, discussing anti-de Sitter (AdS) space and the Israel equations in some detail. It then moves on to discuss cosmological branes, focusing on branes with constant curvature. The book then turns to brane gravity, i.e. what do we, as brane observers, perceive the gravitational interaction to be on the brane as derived from the actual five-dimensional gravitational physics? After a derivation of the general brane equations from the Israel equations, the remainder of the book deals with perturbative gravity. This part of the book is extremely detailed, with calculations given explicitly. Overall, the book is quite pedagogical in style, with the aim being to explain in detail the topics it chooses to cover. While it is not unusual to have books written on current and extremely popular research areas, it is unusual to have calculations written so explicitly. This is both a strength and a weakness of this book. It is a strength because the calculations are presented in a detail that students learning the topic will definitely appreciate; however, the narrow focus of the book also means that it lacks perspective and fails to present the broader context. In choosing to focus on one particular aspect of Randall-Sundrum branes, the book has not managed to communicate why a large number of theorists have worked so intensively on this model. In its early stages, the explicit detail of the Randall-Sundrum model would be extremely useful for a student starting out in this research area. In addition, the calculational detail later in the computation of the graviton propagator on the brane would also be welcome not
Gravitomagnetism in Brane-Worlds
Nayeri, Ali; Reynolds, Adam
2001-01-01
In this paper we discuss a physical observable which is drastically different in a brane-world scenario. To date, the Randall-Sundrum model seems to be consistent with all experimental tests of general relativity. Specifically, we examine the so-called gravitomagnetic effect in the context of the Randall-Sundrum (RS) model. This treatment, of course, assumes the recovery of the Kerr metric in brane-worlds which we have found to the first order in the ratio of the brane separation to the radiu...
Black Diamonds at Brane Junctions
Chamblin, Andrew; Csaki, Csaba; Erlich, Joshua; Timothy J. Hollowood
2000-01-01
We discuss the properties of black holes in brane-world scenarios where our universe is viewed as a four-dimensional sub-manifold of some higher-dimensional spacetime. We consider in detail such a model where four-dimensional spacetime lies at the junction of several domain walls in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. In this model there may be any number p of infinitely large extra dimensions transverse to the brane-world. We present an exact solution describing a black p-brane wh...
D-brane scattering and annihilation
D'Amico, Guido; Kleban, Matthew; Schillo, Marjorie
2014-01-01
We study the dynamics of parallel brane-brane and brane-antibrane scattering in string theory in flat spacetime, focusing on the pair production of open strings that stretch between the branes. We are particularly interested in the case of scattering at small impact parameter $b < l_s$, where there is a tachyon in the spectrum when a brane and an antibrane approach within a string length. Our conclusion is that despite the tachyon, branes and antibranes can pass through each other with only a very small probability of annihilating, so long as $g_s$ is small and the relative velocity $v$ is neither too small nor too close to 1. Our analysis is relevant also to the case of charged open string production in world-volume electric fields, and we make use of this T-dual scenario in our analysis. We briefly discuss the application of our results to a stringy model of inflation involving moving branes.
A note on dimer models and D-brane gauge theories
The connection between quiver gauge theories and dimer models has been well studied. It is known that the matter fields of the quiver gauge theories can be represented using the perfect matchings of the corresponding dimer model. We conjecture that a subset of perfect matchings associated with an internal point in the toric diagram is sufficient to give information about the charge matrix of the quiver gauge theory. Further, we perform explicit computations on some aspects of partial resolutions of toric singularities using dimer models. We analyse these with graph theory techniques, using the perfect matchings of orbifolds of the form C3/Γ, where the orbifolding group Γ may be noncyclic. Using these, we study the construction of the superpotential of gauge theories living on D-branes which probe these singularities, including the case where one or more adjoint fields are present upon partial resolution. Applying a combination of open and closed string techniques to dimer models, we also study some aspects of their symmetries.
Way-out to the Gravitino problem in intersecting D-brane Pati-Salam models
Addazi, Andrea
2016-01-01
We discuss the gravitino problem in contest of the Exotic see-saw mechanism for neutrinos and Leptogenesis, UV completed by intersecting D-branes Pati-Salam models. In the Exotic see-saw model, supersymmetry is broken at high scales $M_{SUSY}>10^{9}\\, \\rm GeV$ and this seems in contradiction with gravitino bounds from inflation and baryogenesis. However, if gravitino is the Lightest Stable Supersymmetric Particle, it will not decay into other SUSY particles, avoiding the gravitino problem and providing a good Cold Dark Matter. Gravitini are Super Heavy Dark Particles and they can be produced by non-adiabatic expansion during inflation. Intriguingly, from bounds on the correct abundance of dark matter, we also constrain the neutrino sector. We set a limit on the exotic instantonic coupling of $<10^{-2}\\div 10^{-3}$. This also sets important constrains on the Calabi-Yau compactifications and on the string scale. This model strongly motivates very high energy DM indirect detection of neutrini and photons of $...
Gravity localization on hybrid branes
Veras, D F S; Maluf, R V; Almeida, C A S
2015-01-01
This work deals with gravity localization on codimension-1 brane worlds engendered by compacton-like kinks, the so-called hybrid branes. In such scenarios, the thin brane behaviour is manifested when the extra dimension is outside the compact domain, where the energy density is non-trivial, instead of asymptotically as in the usual thick brane models. The zero mode is trapped in the brane, as required. The massive modes, although are not localized in the brane, have important phenomenological implications such as corrections to the Newton's law. We study such corrections in the usual thick domain wall and in the hybrid brane scenarios. By means of suitable numerical methods, we attain the mass spectrum for the graviton and the corresponding wavefunctions. The spectra possess the usual linearly increasing behaviour from the Kaluza-Klein theories. Further, we show that the 4D gravitational force is slightly increased at short distances. The first eigenstate contributes highly for the correction to the Newton's ...
D-branes, topological defects in string theory on which string endpoints can live, may give new insight into the understanding of the cosmological evolution of the Universe at early epochs. We analyze the dynamics of D-branes in curved backgrounds and discuss the parameter space of M-theory as a function of the coupling constant and of the curvature of the Universe. We show that D-branes may be efficiently produced by gravitational effects. Furthermore, in curved space-times the transverse fluctuations of the D-branes develop a tachyonic mode and when the fluctuations grow larger than the horizon the branes become tensionless and break up. This signals a transition to a new regime. We discuss the implications of our findings for the singularity problem present in string cosmology, suggesting the existence of a limiting value for the curvature which is in agreement with the value suggested by the cosmological version of the holography principle. We also comment on possible implications for the so-called brane world scenario, where the Standard Model gauge and matter fields live inside some branes while gravitons live in the bulk
Renormalizability of the open string sigma model and emergence of D-branes
Rederiving the one-loop divergences for the most general coupling of the open string sigma model by the heat kernel technique, we distinguish the classical background field from the mean field of the effective action. The latter is arbitrary, i.e. does not fulfil the boundary conditions. As a consequence a new divergent counter term strongly suggests the introduction of another external one-form field (beside the usual gauge field), coupled to the normal derivative at the boundary. Actually such a field has been proposed in the literature for different reasons, but its full impact never seems to have thoroughly investigated before. The β function for the resulting renormalizable model is calculated and the consequences are discussed, including the ones for the Born-Infeld action. The most exciting property of the new coupling is that it enters the coefficient in front of the normal derivative in Neumann boundary conditions. For certain values of the background fields this coefficient vanishes, leading to Dirichlet boundary conditions. This provides a natural mechanism for the emergence of D-branes. (author)
Koivisto, Tomi; Wills, Danielle; Zavala, Ivonne
2014-01-01
Disformally coupled cosmologies arise from Dirac-Born-Infeld actions in Type II string theories, when matter resides on a moving hidden sector D-brane. Since such matter interacts only very weakly with the standard model particles, this scenario can provide a natural origin for the dark sector of the universe with a clear geometrical interpretation: dark energy is identified with the scalar field associated to the D-brane's position as it moves in the internal space, acting as quintessence, w...
Chamblin, A; Reall, H S
2000-01-01
Gravitational collapse of matter trapped on a brane will produce a black hole on the brane. We discuss such black holes in the models of Randall and Sundrum where our universe is viewed as a domain wall in five dimensional anti-de Sitter space. We present evidence that a non-rotating uncharged black hole on the domain wall is described by a ``black cigar'' solution in five dimensions.
Chamblin, A.; Hawking, S. W.; Reall, H. S.
2000-03-01
Gravitational collapse of matter trapped on a brane will produce a black hole on the brane. We discuss such black holes in the models of Randall and Sundrum where our universe is viewed as a domain wall in five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. We present evidence that a non-rotating uncharged black hole on the domain wall is described by a ``black cigar'' solution in five dimensions.
Trace Anomaly Inflation in Brane Induced Gravity
Corradini, Olindo
2007-01-01
In the present letter we find that Starobinsky's inflationary solution is also valid in the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) model where a 3-brane is embedded in 5-dimensional Minkowski bulk. We show that such a solution is typically not supported by the Self-Accelerated branch of the model, giving therefore a natural selection of the conventional branch of solutions. In the absence of brane induced Einstein-Hilbert term the SA branch is always selected out. We then study the linearized modes around all such de Sitter brane solutions finding perturbative stability for a range of parameters of the brane QFT.
Brane collisions in anti-de Sitter space
From the requirement of continuous matching of bulk metric around the point of brane collision we derive a conservation law for collisions of p-branes in (p+2)-dimensional space-time. This conservation law relates energy densities on the branes before and after the collision. Using this conservation law we are able to calculate the amount of matter produced in the collision of orbifold-fixed brane with a bulk brane in the 'ekpyrotic/pyrotechnic type' models of brane cosmologies. (author)
Nucleation of (4)R brane universes
The creation of brane universes induced by a totally antisymmetric tensor living in a fixed background spacetime is presented, where a term involving the intrinsic curvature of the brane is considered. A canonical quantum mechanical approach employing the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is used. The probability nucleation for the brane is calculated by means of the corresponding instanton and the WKB approximation. Some cosmological implications from the model are presented
Nucleation of {sup (4)}R brane universes
Cordero, Ruben [Departamento de FIsica, Escuela Superior de FIsica y Matematicas del IPN, Unidad Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Edificio 9, 07738 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Rojas, EfraIn [Facultad de FIsica e Inteligencia Artificial, Universidad Veracruzana, Sebastian Camacho 5, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91000 (Mexico)
2004-09-07
The creation of brane universes induced by a totally antisymmetric tensor living in a fixed background spacetime is presented, where a term involving the intrinsic curvature of the brane is considered. A canonical quantum mechanical approach employing the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is used. The probability nucleation for the brane is calculated by means of the corresponding instanton and the WKB approximation. Some cosmological implications from the model are presented.
与额外维相关的膜宇宙模型%A Brane Universe Model with Extra Dimension
李希国; 贾贝
2011-01-01
We summarized both the general covariant energy-momentum and angular momentum conservation law in the gravitational system and analyzed the general covariant energy-momentum tensor of the gravitational system in general five-dimensional cosmological in brane-universe models.After calculating this energy-momentum for the cosmological generalization of the Randall-Sundrum（RS） model which includes the original RS model as the static limit,we are able to show that the weakness of the gravitation on the ＂visible＂ brane is a general feature of this model.This is the origin of the gauge hierarchy from a gravitational point of view.Our results are also consistent with the fact that a gravitational system has vanishing total energy.We also discussed the properties of the general covariant angular momentum in five-dimensional brane-universe model.With calculation of the total angular momentum of this model,we analyzed the properties of the total angular momentum in the inflationary RS model.We pointed that the space-like components of the total angular momentum are zero while the others are non-zero,which agrees with the results from ordinary RS model.We also investigated the bulk cosmological constant and brane vacuum energies in RS model.We show that the five-dimensional bulk cosmological constant and the vacuum energies of the two branes could take their natural values.Finally we argued how we can generate a small four-dimensional effective cosmological constant on the branes by modifying the original RS model.%对引力场的能量-动量和角动量守恒定律研究进展进行了总结。依此探讨了一般五维时空膜宇宙模型中的能量-动量张量、角动量张量以及它们的守恒定律。通过计算一个膜宇宙模型中的能动张量,论证了该模型中＂可见膜＂上的引力非常弱,这可认为是从引力的角度反映了规范层次问题。结果与一般的结论,即引力系统总能量为零是一致的。同时,分析
Black diamonds at brane junctions
Chamblin, Andrew; Csáki, Csaba; Erlich, Joshua; Hollowood, Timothy J.
2000-08-01
We discuss the properties of black holes in brane-world scenarios where our Universe is viewed as a four-dimensional sub-manifold of some higher-dimensional spacetime. We consider in detail such a model where four-dimensional spacetime lies at the junction of several domain walls in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. In this model there may be any number p of infinitely large extra dimensions transverse to the brane-world. We present an exact solution describing a black p-brane which will induce on the brane-world the Schwarzschild solution. This exact solution is unstable to the Gregory-Laflamme instability, whereby long-wavelength perturbations cause the extended horizon to fragment. We therefore argue that at late times a non-rotating uncharged black hole in the brane-world is described by a deformed event horizon in p+4 dimensions which will induce, to good approximation, the Schwarzschild solution in the four-dimensional brane world. When p=2, this deformed horizon resembles a black diamond and more generally for p>2, a polyhedron.
Black diamonds at brane junctions
We discuss the properties of black holes in brane-world scenarios where our Universe is viewed as a four-dimensional sub-manifold of some higher-dimensional spacetime. We consider in detail such a model where four-dimensional spacetime lies at the junction of several domain walls in a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. In this model there may be any number p of infinitely large extra dimensions transverse to the brane-world. We present an exact solution describing a black p-brane which will induce on the brane-world the Schwarzschild solution. This exact solution is unstable to the Gregory-Laflamme instability, whereby long-wavelength perturbations cause the extended horizon to fragment. We therefore argue that at late times a non-rotating uncharged black hole in the brane-world is described by a deformed event horizon in p+4 dimensions which will induce, to good approximation, the Schwarzschild solution in the four-dimensional brane world. When p=2, this deformed horizon resembles a black diamond and more generally for p>2, a polyhedron. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society
Deforming D-brane models on $T^6/(\\mathbb{Z}_2 \\times \\mathbb{Z}_{2M})$ orbifolds
Koltermann, Isabel; Honecker, Gabriele
2015-01-01
We review the stabilisation of complex structure moduli in Type IIA orientifolds, especially on $T^6 / (\\mathbb{Z}_2 \\times \\mathbb{Z}_6^\\prime \\times \\Omega \\mathcal{R})$ with discrete torsion, via deformations of $\\mathbb{Z}_2 \\times \\mathbb{Z}_2$ orbifold singularities. While D6-branes in SO(2N) and USp(2N) models always preserve supersymmetry and thus give rise to flat directions, in an exemplary Pati-Salam model with only U(N) gauge groups ten out of the 15 deformation moduli can be stabilised at the orbifold point.
Creutzig, Thomas
2009-06-15
In this thesis we initiate a systematic study of branes in Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten models with Lie supergroup target space. We start by showing that a branes' worldvolume is a twisted superconjugacy class and construct the action of the boundary WZNW model. Then we consider symplectic fermions and give a complete description of boundary states including twisted sectors. Further we show that the GL(1 vertical stroke 1) WZNW model is equivalent to symplectic fermions plus two scalars. We then consider the GL(1 vertical stroke 1) boundary theory. Twisted and untwisted Cardy boundary states are constructed explicitly and their amplitudes are computed. In the twisted case we find a perturbative formulation of the model. For this purpose the introduction of an additional fermionic boundary degree of freedom is necessary. We compute all bulk one-point functions, bulk-boundary two-point functions and boundary three-point functions. Logarithmic singularities appear in bulk-boundary as well as pure boundary correlation functions. Finally we turn to world-sheet and target space supersymmetric models. There is N=2 superconformal symmetry in many supercosets and also in certain supergroups. In the supergroup case we find some branes that preserve the topological A-twist and some that preserve the B-twist. (orig.)
In this thesis we initiate a systematic study of branes in Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten models with Lie supergroup target space. We start by showing that a branes' worldvolume is a twisted superconjugacy class and construct the action of the boundary WZNW model. Then we consider symplectic fermions and give a complete description of boundary states including twisted sectors. Further we show that the GL(1 vertical stroke 1) WZNW model is equivalent to symplectic fermions plus two scalars. We then consider the GL(1 vertical stroke 1) boundary theory. Twisted and untwisted Cardy boundary states are constructed explicitly and their amplitudes are computed. In the twisted case we find a perturbative formulation of the model. For this purpose the introduction of an additional fermionic boundary degree of freedom is necessary. We compute all bulk one-point functions, bulk-boundary two-point functions and boundary three-point functions. Logarithmic singularities appear in bulk-boundary as well as pure boundary correlation functions. Finally we turn to world-sheet and target space supersymmetric models. There is N=2 superconformal symmetry in many supercosets and also in certain supergroups. In the supergroup case we find some branes that preserve the topological A-twist and some that preserve the B-twist. (orig.)
Shuhmaher, N; Brandenberger, Robert; Shuhmaher, Natalia
2006-01-01
We propose a new way of obtaining slow-roll inflation in the context of higher dimensional models motivated by string and M theory. In our model, all extra spatial dimensions are orbifolded. The initial conditions are taken to be a hot dense bulk brane gas which drives an initial phase of isotropic bulk expansion. This phase ends when a weak potential between the orbifold fixed planes begins to dominate. For a wide class of potentials, a period during which the bulk dimensions decrease sufficiently slowly to lead to slow-roll inflation of the three dimensions parallel to the orbifold fixed planes will result. Once the separation between the orbifold fixed planes becomes of the string scale, a repulsive potential due to string effects takes over and leads to a stabilization of the radion modes. The conversion of bulk branes into radiation during the phase of bulk contraction leads to reheating.
D-Branes and Non-Commutative Geometry
An algebraic description of (untwisted) D-branes on compact group manifolds G using quantum algebras related to Uq (g) is discussed. It reproduces the known characteristics of stable branes in the WZW models. A toy model of NCG based on a quiver diagram for branes on orbifold is also presented. (author)
Fine-tuning of the cosmological constant in brane worlds
We discuss how the fine-tuning of the cosmological constant enters brane world setups. After presenting the Randall Sundrum model as a prototype case, we focus on single brane models with curvature singularities which are separated from the brane in the additional dimension. Finally, the issue of the existence of nearby curved solutions is addressed. (orig.)
A varying-e brane world cosmology
We study a varying electric charge brane world cosmology in the RS2 model obtained from a varying-speed-of-light brane world cosmology by redefining the system of units. We elaborate conditions under which the flatness problem and the cosmological constant problem can be resolved by such cosmological model (author)
Perturbations of nested branes with induced gravity
We study the behaviour of weak gravitational fields in models where a 4D brane is embedded inside a 5D brane equipped with induced gravity, which in turn is embedded in a 6D spacetime. We consider a specific regularization of the branes internal structures where the 5D brane can be considered thin with respect to the 4D one. We find exact solutions corresponding to pure tension source configurations on the thick 4D brane, and study perturbations at first order around these background solutions. To perform the perturbative analysis, we adopt a bulk-based approach and we express the equations in terms of gauge invariant and master variables using a 4D scalar-vector-tensor decomposition. We then propose an ansatz on the behaviour of the perturbation fields when the thickness of the 4D brane goes to zero, which corresponds to configurations where gravity remains finite everywhere in the thin limit of the 4D brane. We study the equations of motion using this ansatz, and show that they give rise to a consistent set of differential equations in the thin limit, from which the details of the internal structure of the 4D brane disappear. We conclude that the thin limit of the ''ribbon'' 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined (at least when considering first order perturbations around pure tension configurations), and that the gravitational field on the 4D brane remains finite in the thin limit. We comment on the crucial role of the induced gravity term on the 5D brane
Warped brane worlds in critical gravity
We investigate the brane models in arbitrary dimensional critical gravity presented in Lu and Pope (Phys Rev Lett 106:181302, 2011). For the models of the thin branes with codimension one, the Gibbons-Hawking surface term and the junction conditions are derived, with which the analytical solutions for the flat, AdS, and dS branes are obtained at the critical point of the critical gravity. It is found that all these branes are embedded in an AdSn spacetime, but, in general, the effective cosmological constant Λ of the AdSn spacetime is not equal to the naked one Λ0 in the critical gravity, which can be positive, zero, and negative. Another interesting result is that the brane tension can also be positive, zero, or negative, depending on the symmetry of the thin brane and the values of the parameters of the theory, which is very different from the case in general relativity. It is shown that the mass hierarchy problem can be solved in the braneworld model in the higher-derivative critical gravity. We also study the thick brane model and find analytical and numerical solutions of the flat, AdS, and dS branes. It is found that some branes will have inner structure when some parameters of the theory are larger than their critical values, which may result in resonant KK modes for some bulk matter fields. The flat branes with positive energy density and AdS branes with negative energy density are embedded in an n-dimensional Minkowski one. (orig.)
M5-branes on S^2 x M_4: Nahm's Equations and 4d Topological Sigma-models
Assel, Benjamin; Wong, Jin-Mann
2016-01-01
We study the 6d N=(0,2) superconformal field theory, which describes multiple M5-branes, on the product space S^2 x M_4, and suggest a correspondence between a 2d N=(0,2) half-twisted gauge theory on S^2 and a topological sigma-model on the four-manifold M_4. To set up this correspondence, we determine in this paper the dimensional reduction of the 6d N=(0,2) theory on a two-sphere and derive that the four-dimensional theory is a sigma-model into the moduli space of solutions to Nahm's equations, or equivalently the moduli space of k-centered SU(2) monopoles, where k is the number of M5-branes. We proceed in three steps: we reduce the 6d abelian theory to a 5d Super-Yang-Mills theory on I x M_4, with I an interval, then non-abelianize the 5d theory and finally reduce this to 4d. In the special case, when M_4 is a Hyper-Kahler manifold, we show that the dimensional reduction gives rise to a topological sigma-model based on tri-holomorphic maps. Deriving the theory on a general M_4 requires knowledge of the met...
Consistency Conditions for Brane Worlds in Arbitrary Dimensions
Leblond, F; Winters, D J; Leblond, Frederic; Myers, Robert C.; Winters, David J.
2001-01-01
We consider ``brane world sum rules'' for compactifications involving an arbitrary number of spacetime dimensions. One of the most striking results derived from such consistency conditions is the necessity for negative tension branes to appear in five--dimensional scenarios. We show how this result is easily evaded for brane world models with more than five dimensions. As an example, we consider a novel realization of the Randall--Sundrum scenario in six dimensions involving only positive tension branes.
Sakatani, Yuho
2016-01-01
We propose a novel approach to the brane worldvolume theory based on the geometry of extended field theories; double field theory and exceptional field theory. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach by showing that one can reproduce the conventional bosonic string/membrane actions, and the M5-brane action in the weak field approximation. At a glance, the proposed 5-brane action without approximation looks different from the known M5-brane actions, but it is consistent with the known non-linear self-duality relation, and it may provide a new formulation of a single M5-brane action. Actions for exotic branes are also discussed.
Gravitomagnetism in Brane-Worlds
Nayeri, A; Nayeri, Ali; Reynolds, Adam
2001-01-01
In this paper we discuss a physical observable which is drastically different in a brane-world scenario. To date, the Randall-Sundrum model seems to be consistent with all experimental tests of general relativity. Specifically, we examine the so-called gravitomagnetic effect in the context of the Randall-Sundrum (RS) model. This treatment, of course, assumes the recovery of the Kerr metric in brane-worlds which we have found to the first order in the ratio of the brane separation to the radius of the AdS$_5$, $(\\ell/r)$. We first show that the second Randall-Sundrum model of one brane leaves the gravitomagnetic effect unchanged. Then, we consider the two-brane scenario of the original Randall-Sundrum proposal and show that the magnitude of the gravitomagnetic effect depends heavily on the ratio of $(\\ell/r)$. Such dependence is a result of the geometrodynamic spacetime and does not appear in static scenarios. We hope that we will be able to test this proposal experimentally with data from NASA's Gravity Probe...
Black Diamonds at Brane Junctions
Chamblin, A; Erlich, J; Hollowood, Timothy J; Chamblin, Andrew; Csaki, Csaba; Erlich, Joshua; Hollowood, Timothy J.
2000-01-01
We discuss the properties of black holes in brane-world scenarios where ouruniverse is viewed as a four-dimensional sub-manifold of somehigher-dimensional spacetime. We consider in detail such a model wherefour-dimensional spacetime lies at the junction of several domain walls in ahigher dimensional anti-de Sitter spacetime. In this model there may be anynumber p of infinitely large extra dimensions transverse to the brane-world. Wepresent an exact solution describing a black p-brane which will induce on thebrane-world the Schwarzschild solution. This exact solution is unstable to theGregory-Laflamme instability, whereby long-wavelength perturbations cause theextended horizon to fragment. We therefore argue that at late times anon-rotating uncharged black hole in the brane-world is described by a deformedevent horizon in p+4 dimensions which will induce, to good approximation, theSchwarzschild solution in the four-dimensional brane world. When p=2, thisdeformed horizon resembles a black diamond and more gener...
Thick brane solitons breaking $Z_2$ symmetry
Peyravi, Marzieh; Lobo, Francisco S N
2015-01-01
New soliton solutions for thick branes in 4 + 1 dimensions are considered in this article. In particular, brane models based on the sine-Gordon (SG), $\\varphi^{4}$ and $\\varphi^{6}$ scalar fields are investigated; in some cases $Z_{2}$ symmetry is broken. Besides, these soliton solutions are responsible for supporting and stabilizing the thick branes. In these models, the origin of the symmetry breaking resides in the fact that the modified scalar field potential may have non-degenerate vacuua and these non-degenerate vacuua determine the cosmological constant on both sides of the brane. At last, in order to explore the particle motion in the neighborhood of the brane, the geodesic equations along the fifth dimension are studied.
Cremonesi, Stefano; Seong, Rak-Kyeong
2013-01-01
We classify the first few brane tilings on a genus 2 Riemann surface and identify their toric Calabi-Yau moduli spaces. These brane tilings are extensions of tilings on the 2-torus, which represent one of the largest known classes of 4d N=1 superconformal field theories for D3-branes. The classification consists of 16 distinct genus 2 brane tilings with up to 8 quiver fields and 4 superpotential terms. The Higgs mechanism is used to relate the different theories.
Creation of a brane world with a Gauss-Bonnet term
Here we study the creation of a brane world using an instanton solution with Hartle-Hawking's no-boundary approach. We analyze brane models with a Gauss-Bonnet term in a bulk spacetime. The curvature of 3-brane is assumed to be closed, flat, or open. We construct instanton solutions with branes for our models, and calculate the value of the actions to discuss the initial state of a brane universe
Wavefunctions on magnetized branes in the conifold
Abe, Hiroyuki; Oikawa, Akane; Otsuka, Hajime
2016-07-01
We study wavefunctions on D7-branes with magnetic fluxes in the conifold. Since some supersymmetric embeddings of D-branes on the AdS 5 × T 1,1 geometry are known, we consider one of the embeddings, especially the spacetime filling D7-branes in which (a part of) the standard model is expected to be realized. The explicit form of induced metric on the D7-branes allows us to solve the Laplace and Dirac equations to evaluate matter wavefunctions in extra dimensions analytically. We find that the zeromode wavefunctions can be localized depending on the configuration of magnetic fluxes on D7-branes, and show some phenomenological aspects.
Enveloping branes and brane-world singularities
The existence of envelopes is studied for systems of differential equations in connection with the method of asymptotic splittings which allows one to determine the singularity structure of the solutions. The result is applied to brane-worlds consisting of a 3-brane in a five-dimensional bulk, in the presence of an analog of a bulk perfect fluid parameterizing a generic class of bulk matter. We find that all flat brane solutions suffer from a finite-distance singularity contrary to previous claims. We then study the possibility of avoiding finite-distance singularities by cutting the bulk and gluing regular solutions at the position of the brane. Further imposing physical conditions such as finite Planck mass on the brane and positive energy conditions on the bulk fluid, excludes, however, this possibility as well. (orig.)
Nonsingular Cosmologies from Branes
Biswas, A; Pal, S S; Biswas, Anindya; Mukherji, Sudipta; Pal, Shesansu Sekhar
2004-01-01
We analyse possible cosmological scenarios on a brane where the brane acts as a dynamical boundary of various black holes with anti-de Sitter or de Sitter asymptotics. In many cases, the brane is found to describe completely non-singular universe. In some cases, quantum gravity era of the brane-universe can also be avoided by properly tuning bulk parameters. We further discuss the creation of a brane-universe by studying its wave function. This is done by employing Wheeler-De Witt equation in the mini superspace formalism.
We analyze string-theoretic large-field inflation in the regime of spontaneously-broken supergravity with conventional moduli stabilization by fluxes and non-perturbative effects. The main ingredient is a shift-symmetric Kähler potential, supplemented by flux-induced shift symmetry breaking in the superpotential. The central technical observation is that all these features are present for D7-brane position moduli in Type IIB orientifolds, potentially allowing for a realization of the axion monodromy proposal in a string theory compactification. Furthermore, our model is explicit enough to address issues of control and moduli stabilization quantitatively. On the one hand, in the large complex structure regime the D7-brane position moduli inherit a shift symmetry from their mirror-dual Type IIA Wilson lines. On the other hand, the Type IIB flux superpotential generically breaks this shift symmetry and allows, by appealing to the large flux discretuum, to tune the relevant coefficients to be small. The shift-symmetric direction in D7-brane moduli space can then play the role of the inflaton: While the D7-brane circles a certain trajectory on the Calabi–Yau many times, the corresponding F-term energy density grows only very slowly, thanks to the above-mentioned tuning of the flux. To be successful our model requires that the dilaton, all complex structure moduli and all D7-brane moduli except the inflaton are fixed at leading order by fluxes. Then the large-field inflationary trajectory can be realized in a regime where Kähler, complex structure and other brane moduli are stabilized in a conventional manner, as we demonstrate using the example of the Large Volume Scenario
Hebecker, Arthur, E-mail: A.Hebecker@ThPhys.Uni-Heidelberg.de; Kraus, Sebastian C., E-mail: S.Kraus@ThPhys.Uni-Heidelberg.de; Witkowski, Lukas T., E-mail: L.Witkowski@ThPhys.Uni-Heidelberg.de
2014-10-07
We analyze string-theoretic large-field inflation in the regime of spontaneously-broken supergravity with conventional moduli stabilization by fluxes and non-perturbative effects. The main ingredient is a shift-symmetric Kähler potential, supplemented by flux-induced shift symmetry breaking in the superpotential. The central technical observation is that all these features are present for D7-brane position moduli in Type IIB orientifolds, potentially allowing for a realization of the axion monodromy proposal in a string theory compactification. Furthermore, our model is explicit enough to address issues of control and moduli stabilization quantitatively. On the one hand, in the large complex structure regime the D7-brane position moduli inherit a shift symmetry from their mirror-dual Type IIA Wilson lines. On the other hand, the Type IIB flux superpotential generically breaks this shift symmetry and allows, by appealing to the large flux discretuum, to tune the relevant coefficients to be small. The shift-symmetric direction in D7-brane moduli space can then play the role of the inflaton: While the D7-brane circles a certain trajectory on the Calabi–Yau many times, the corresponding F-term energy density grows only very slowly, thanks to the above-mentioned tuning of the flux. To be successful our model requires that the dilaton, all complex structure moduli and all D7-brane moduli except the inflaton are fixed at leading order by fluxes. Then the large-field inflationary trajectory can be realized in a regime where Kähler, complex structure and other brane moduli are stabilized in a conventional manner, as we demonstrate using the example of the Large Volume Scenario.
Arthur Hebecker
2014-10-01
Full Text Available We analyze string-theoretic large-field inflation in the regime of spontaneously-broken supergravity with conventional moduli stabilization by fluxes and non-perturbative effects. The main ingredient is a shift-symmetric Kähler potential, supplemented by flux-induced shift symmetry breaking in the superpotential. The central technical observation is that all these features are present for D7-brane position moduli in Type IIB orientifolds, potentially allowing for a realization of the axion monodromy proposal in a string theory compactification. Furthermore, our model is explicit enough to address issues of control and moduli stabilization quantitatively. On the one hand, in the large complex structure regime the D7-brane position moduli inherit a shift symmetry from their mirror-dual Type IIA Wilson lines. On the other hand, the Type IIB flux superpotential generically breaks this shift symmetry and allows, by appealing to the large flux discretuum, to tune the relevant coefficients to be small. The shift-symmetric direction in D7-brane moduli space can then play the role of the inflaton: While the D7-brane circles a certain trajectory on the Calabi–Yau many times, the corresponding F-term energy density grows only very slowly, thanks to the above-mentioned tuning of the flux. To be successful our model requires that the dilaton, all complex structure moduli and all D7-brane moduli except the inflaton are fixed at leading order by fluxes. Then the large-field inflationary trajectory can be realized in a regime where Kähler, complex structure and other brane moduli are stabilized in a conventional manner, as we demonstrate using the example of the Large Volume Scenario.
Can we live on a D-brane? -- Effective theory on a self-gravitating D-brane --
Shiromizu, T; Onda, S; Torii, T; Torii, Takashi
2003-01-01
We consider a D-brane coupled with gravity in type IIB supergravity on S^5 and derive the effective theory on the D-brane in two different ways, that is, holographic and geometrical projection methods. We find that the effective equations on the brane obtained by these methods coincide. The theory on the D-brane described by the Born-Infeld action is not like Einstein-Maxwell theory in the lower order of the gradient expansion, i.e., the Maxwell field does not appear in the theory. Thus the careful analysis and statement for cosmology on self-gravitating D-brane should be demanded in realistic models.
F(R) bouncing cosmology with future singularity in brane-anti-brane system
Sepehri, Alireza; Pradhan, Anirudh; Shoorvazi, Somayyeh
2016-02-01
Recently Odintsov and Oikonomou (Phys. Rev. D 92:024016, 2015b) proposed the origin of a Type IV singular bounce in a modified gravity and found an explicit form of F(R) which can generate this type of bouncing cosmological evolution. In this paper, we construct their model in string theory and show that interaction between branes is the main cause of F(R) bouncing cosmology. In our technique, N fundamental strings decay first to N M0-anti-M0-brane then, M0-branes link to each other, originate and form an M3-anti-M3 system. Our universe is located on one of these M3-branes and interact with the universe on another M3-brane via some scalars. The branes in this system wrap around each other and form a compacted system. This process causes to a contraction of universes and produces a contraction branch in a F(R) bouncing model of cosmology. Also, the relevant actions of compacted M3-branes include higher order of derivatives which lead to communication relations in generalized uncertainty principle. On the other hand, branes and anti-branes absorb each other, the radius of compactification is reduced, some of scalars gain negative square masses and become tachyons. This system is unstable, broken and branes rebound to non-compact state during an expansion branch. With opening of branes, some other scalars achieve to tachyon phase and consequently, this epoch stops. This process may be repeated in different branches. In this theory, the Type IV singularity occurs at t = ts, which is the time of producing tachyons between two branches. It is observed that the derived model is in good agreement with recent Planck data (Ade et al. in arXiv:1502.02114 [astro-ph.CO], 2015 and in Astron. Astrophys. 571:A22, 2014) and obtain the bouncing point.
Cosmological Evolution of Brane World Moduli
Brax, P; Davis, A C; Rhodes, C S; Brax, Ph.
2003-01-01
We study cosmological consequences of non-constant brane world moduli in five dimensional brane world models with bulk scalars and two boundary branes. We focus on the case where the brane tension is an exponential function of the bulk scalar field, $U_b \\propto \\exp{(\\alpha \\phi)}$. In the limit $\\alpha \\to 0$, the model reduces to the two-brane model of Randall-Sundrum, whereas larger values of $\\alpha$ allow for a less warped bulk geometry. Using the moduli space approximation we derive the four-dimensional low-energy effective action from a supergravity-inspired five-dimensional theory. For arbitrary values of $\\alpha$, the resulting theory has the form of a bi-scalar-tensor theory. We show that, in order to be consistent with local gravitational observations, $\\alpha$ has to be small (less than $10^{-2}$) and the separation of the branes must be large. We study the cosmological evolution of the interbrane distance and the bulk scalar field for different matter contents on each branes. Our findings indica...
Revolving D-branes and Spontaneous Gauge Symmetry Breaking
Iso, Satoshi
2015-01-01
We propose a new mechanism of spontaneous gauge symmetry breaking in the world-volume theory of revolving D-branes around a fixed point of orbifolds. In this paper, we consider a simple model of the T6/Z3 orbifold on which we put D3-branes, D7-branes and their anti-branes. The configuration breaks supersymmetry, but the R-R tadpole cancellation conditions are satisfied. A set of three D3-branes at an orbifold fixed point can separate from the point, but when they move perpendicular to the anti-D7-branes put on the fixed point, they are forced to be pulled back due to an attractive interaction between the D3 and anti-D7 branes. In order to stabilize the separation of the D3-branes at nonzero distance, we consider revolution of the D3-branes around the fixed point. Then the gauge symmetry on D3-branes is spontaneously broken, and the rank of the gauge group is reduced. The distance can be set at our will by appropriately choosing the angular momentum of the revolving D3-branes, which should be determined by the...
Bunster, Claudio
2015-01-01
We introduce a new kind of space-filling brane, which we term G-brane because its action is a descendant of the gravitational action. The G-brane is different from the Dirac or Nambu space-filling branes, and has interesting formal properties in any spacetime dimension D, which are exhibited. For D greater or equal than three, the G-brane possesses only gauge degrees of freedom, just as the Dirac or Nambu branes. For D=3 the G-brane yields a reformulation of gravitation theory in which the Hamiltonian constraints can be solved explicitly, while keeping the spacetime structure manifest. For D=2 the G-brane provides a realization of the conformal algebra in terms of two scalar fields and their conjugates, which possesses a classical central charge. In the G-brane reformulation of (2+1) gravity, the boundary degrees of freedom of the gravitational field in asymptotically Anti-de Sitter space appear as "matter" coupled to the (1+1) G-brane on the boundary.
Enveloping branes and brane-world singularities
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Klaoudatou, Ifigeneia
2014-01-01
The existence of envelopes is studied for systems of differential equations in connection with the method of asymptotic splittings which allows to determine the singularity structure of the solutions. The result is applied to braneworlds consisting of a 3-brane in a five-dimensional bulk, in the presence of an analog of a bulk perfect fluid parametrizing a generic class of bulk matter. We find that all flat brane solutions suffer from a finite distance singularity contrary to previous claims. We then study the possibility of avoiding finite distance singularities by cutting the bulk and gluing regular solutions at the position of the brane. Further imposing physical conditions such as finite Planck mass on the brane and positive energy conditions on the bulk fluid, excludes however this possibility, as well.
Supersymmetric Baryonic Branes
Gomis, J P; Simón, J; Townsend, P K; Gomis, Joaquim; Ramallo, Alfonso V.; Simon, Joan; Townsend, Paul K.
1999-01-01
We derive an energy bound for a `baryonic' D5-brane probe in the $adS_5\\times S^5$ background near the horizon of $N$ D3-branes. Configurations saturating the bound are shown to be 1/4 supersymmetric $S^5$-wrapped D5-branes with $N$ singularities at arbitrary positions. Previous results for $N$ coincident singularities are recovered as a special case. We derive a similar energy bound for a `baryonic' M5-brane probe in the background of $N$ M5-branes. Configurations saturating the bound are again 1/4 supersymmetric and, in the $adS_7\\times S^4$ near-horizon limit, provide a worldvolume realization of the `baryon string' vertex of the (2,0)-supersymmetric six-dimensional conformal field theory on coincident M5-branes. For the full M5-background we find a worldvolume realization of the Hannany-Witten effect in M-theory.
Revolving D-branes and spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking
Iso, Satoshi; Kitazawa, Noriaki
2015-12-01
We propose a new mechanism of spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking in the world-volume theory of revolving D-branes around a fixed point of orbifolds. In this paper, we consider a simple model of the T^6/Z_3 orbifold on which we put D3-branes, D7-branes, and their anti-branes. The configuration breaks supersymmetry, but the Ramond-Ramond tadpole cancellation conditions are satisfied. A set of three D3-branes at an orbifold fixed point can separate from the point, but, when they move perpendicular to the anti-D7-branes put on the fixed point, they are pulled back due to an attractive interaction between the D3- and anti-D7-branes. In order to stabilize the separation of the D3-branes at nonzero distance, we consider revolution of the D3-branes around the fixed point. Then the gauge symmetry on the D3-branes is spontaneously broken, and the rank of the gauge group is reduced. The distance can be set at will by appropriately choosing the angular momentum of the revolving D3-branes, which should be determined by the initial condition of the cosmological evolution of the D-brane configurations. The distance corresponds to the vacuum expectation values of brane moduli fields in the world-volume theory and, if it is written as M/M_s^2 in terms of the string scale M_s, the scale of gauge-symmetry breaking is given by M. Angular momentum conservation of revolving D3-branes assures the stability of the scale M against M_s.
Revolving D-branes and spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking
We propose a new mechanism of spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking in the world-volume theory of revolving D-branes around a fixed point of orbifolds. In this paper, we consider a simple model of the T6/Z3 orbifold on which we put D3-branes, D7-branes, and their anti-branes. The configuration breaks supersymmetry, but the Ramond–Ramond tadpole cancellation conditions are satisfied. A set of three D3-branes at an orbifold fixed point can separate from the point, but, when they move perpendicular to the anti-D7-branes put on the fixed point, they are pulled back due to an attractive interaction between the D3- and anti-D7-branes. In order to stabilize the separation of the D3-branes at nonzero distance, we consider revolution of the D3-branes around the fixed point. Then the gauge symmetry on the D3-branes is spontaneously broken, and the rank of the gauge group is reduced. The distance can be set at will by appropriately choosing the angular momentum of the revolving D3-branes, which should be determined by the initial condition of the cosmological evolution of the D-brane configurations. The distance corresponds to the vacuum expectation values of brane moduli fields in the world-volume theory and, if it is written as M/Ms2 in terms of the string scale Ms, the scale of gauge-symmetry breaking is given by M. Angular momentum conservation of revolving D3-branes assures the stability of the scale M against Ms
Brane world corrections to Newton's law
Bronnikov, K. A.; Kononogov, S. A.; Melnikov, V. N.
2006-01-01
We discuss possible variations of the effective gravitational constant with length scale, predicted by most of alternative theories of gravity and unified models of physical interactions. After a brief general exposition, we review in more detail the predicted corrections to Newton's law of gravity in diverse brane world models. We consider various configurations in 5 dimensions (flat, de Sitter and AdS branes in Einstein and Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theories, with and without induced gravity an...
Khuri, R R
1996-01-01
We derive double dimensional reduction/oxidation in a framework where it is applicable to describe general non-static (and anisotropic) p-brane solutions. Given this procedure, we are able to relate the dynamical interaction potential for parallel extremal p-branes in D dimensions to that for extremal black holes in D-p dimensions. In particular, we find that to leading order the potential vanishes for all \\kappa-symmetric p-branes.
Ribault, Sylvain E-mail: ribault@mth.kcl.ac.uk; Schomerus, Volker
2004-02-01
We present a comprehensive analysis of branes in the Euclidean 2D black hole (cigar). In particular, exact boundary states and annulus amplitudes are provided for D0-branes which are localized at the tip of the cigar as well as for two families of extended D1 and D2-branes. Our results are based on closely related studies for the Euclidean AdS3 model and, as predicted by the conjectured duality between the 2D black hole and the sine-Liouville model, they share many features with branes in Liouville theory. New features arise here due to the presence of closed string modes which are localized near the tip of the cigar. The paper concludes with some remarks on possible applications to exact tachyon condensation and matrix models. (author)
Ribault, S; Ribault, Sylvain; Schomerus, Volker
2004-01-01
We present a comprehensive analysis of branes in the Euclidean 2D black hole (cigar). In particular, exact boundary states and annulus amplitudes are provided for D0-branes which are localized at the tip of the cigar as well as for two families of extended D1 and D2-branes. Our results are based on closely related studies for the Euclidean AdS3 model and, as predicted by the conjectured duality between the 2D black hole and the sine-Liouville model, they share many features with branes in Liouville theory. New features arise here due to the presence of closed string modes which are localized near the tip of the cigar. The paper concludes with some remarks on possible applications to exact tachyon condensation and matrix models.
We present a comprehensive analysis of branes in the Euclidean 2D black hole (cigar). In particular, exact boundary states and annulus amplitudes are provided for D0-branes which are localized at the tip of the cigar as well as for two families of extended D1 and D2-branes. Our results are based on closely related studies for the Euclidean AdS3 model and, as predicted by the conjectured duality between the 2D black hole and the sine-Liouville model, they share many features with branes in Liouville theory. New features arise here due to the presence of closed string modes which are localized near the tip of the cigar. The paper concludes with some remarks on possible applications to exact tachyon condensation and matrix models. (author)
On multiple M2-brane model(s and its N=8 Superspace Formulation(s
I. A. Bandos
2010-01-01
Full Text Available We give a brief review of Bagger-Lambert-Gustavsson (BLG model, with emphasis on its version invariant under the volume preserving diffeomorphisms (SDiff3 symmetry. We describe the on-shell superfield formulation of this SDiff3 BLG model in standard N = 8, d = 3 superspace, as well as its superfield action in the pure spinor N = 8 superspace. We also briefly address the Aharony-Bergman-Jafferis-Maldacena (ABJM/ABJ model invariant under SU(Mk × SU(N−k gauge symmetry, and discuss the possible form of their N = 6 and, for the case of Chern-Simons level k = 1, 2, N = 8 superfield equations.
Meson Strings and Flavor Branes
Bando, M; Terunuma, S; Bando, Masako; Sugamoto, Akio; Terunuma, Sachiko
2006-01-01
In a QCD-like string model based on D6 flavor branes in the presence of D4 color branes wrapping one of the compactified dimension on an $S^1$, the shape of meson strings in the five dimensional curved space as well as the potential between quark and anti-quark are investigated. The flavor branes on which both ends of a meson string live are assumed to be separated in this five dimensional space, depending on the values of the constituent quark masses. It is shown in this picture that the meson string with different flavors on both ends changes its shape at a critical distance. There is, however, no critical distance for the meson with the same flavors. At this critical distance the potential between quark and anti-quark with different flavors gives a point of reflection and changes its shape around this point. Accordingly, the attractive force between quark and anti-quark seems to become stronger when the distance of flavor branes connecting meson strings becomes larger. This indicates quark systems with dif...
Flachi, Antonino
2009-01-01
We consider the Casimir effect between two parallel plates localized on a brane. We argue that in order to properly compute the contribution to the Casimir energy due to any higher dimensional field, it is necessary to take into account the localization properties of the Kaluza-Klein modes. When the bulk field configuration is such that no massless mode appears in the spectrum, as, for instance, when the higher dimensional field obeys twisted boundary conditions across the branes, the correction to the Casimir energy is exponentially suppressed. When a massless mode is present in the spectrum, the correction to the Casimir energy can be, in principle, sizeable. However, when the bulk field is massless and strongly coupled to brane matter, the model is already excluded without resorting to any Casimir force experiment. The case which is in principle interesting is when the massless mode is not localized on the visible brane. We illustrate a method to compute the Casimir energy between two parallel plates, loca...
Johnson, C V
2006-01-01
We present a class of solvable models that resemble string theories in many respects but have a strikingly different non-perturbative sector. In particular, there are no exponentially small contributions to perturbation theory in the string coupling, which normally are associated with branes and related objects. Perturbation theory is no longer an asymptotic expansion, and so can be completely re-summed to yield all the non-perturbative physics. We examine a number of other properties of the theories, for example constructing and examining the physics of loop operators, which can be computed exactly, and gain considerable understanding of the difference between these new theories and the more familiar ones, including the possibility of how to interpolate between the two types. Interestingly, the models we exhibit contain a family of zeros of the partition function which suggest a novel phase structure. The theories are defined naturally by starting with models that yield well-understood string theories and al...
Brane-world cosmology and inflation
Misao Sasaki
2004-10-01
There has been substantial progress in brane-world cosmology in recent years. Much attention has been particularly paid to the second Randall–Sundrum (RS2) scenario in which a single positive-tension brane is embedded in a five-dimensional space-time, called the bulk, with a negative cosmological constant. This brane-world scenario is quite attractive because of the non-trivial geometry in the bulk and because it successfully gives four-dimensional general relativity in the low energy limit. After reviewing basic features of the RS2 scenario, we consider a brane-world inflation model driven by the dynamics of a scalar field living in the five-dimensional bulk, the so-called bulk inflaton model. An intriguing feature of this model is that the projection of the bulk inflaton on the brane behaves just like an ordinary inflaton in four dimensions in the low energy regime, 2 ℓ2 ≪ 1, where is the Hubble expansion rate of the brane and ℓ is the curvature radius of the bulk. We then discuss the cosmological perturbation on superhorizon scales in this model. We find that, even under the presence of spatial inhomogeneities, the model is indistinguishable from the standard four-dimensional inflation to (2 ℓ2). That is, the difference may appear only at O(4 ℓ4).
Towards Geometric D6-Brane Model Building on non-Factorisable Toroidal $\\mathbb{Z}_4$-Orbifolds
Berasaluce-González, Mikel; Seifert, Alexander
2016-01-01
We present a geometric approach to D-brane model building on the non-factorisable torus backgrounds of $T^6/\\mathbb{Z}_4$, which are $A_3 \\times A_3$ and $A_3 \\times A_1 \\times B_2$. Based on the counting of `short' supersymmetric three-cycles per complex structure {\\it vev}, the number of physically inequivalent lattice orientations with respect to the anti-holomorphic involution ${\\cal R}$ of the Type IIA/$\\Omega\\cal{R}$ orientifold can be reduced to three for the $A_3 \\times A_3$ lattice and four for the $A_3 \\times A_1 \\times B_2$ lattice. While four independent three-cycles on $A_3 \\times A_3$ cannot accommodate phenomenologically interesting global models with a chiral spectrum, the eight-dimensional space of three-cycles on $A_3 \\times A_1 \\times B_2$ is rich enough to provide for particle physics models, with several globally consistent two- and four-generation Pati-Salam models presented here. We further show that for fractional {\\it sLag} three-cycles, the compact geometry can be rewritten in a $(T^...
Everett, L; King, S F
2000-01-01
We examine the flavor structure of the trilinear superpotential couplings which can result from embedding the Standard Model within D brane sectors in Type IIB orientifold models, which are examples within the Type I string framework. We find in general that the allowed flavor structures of the Yukawa coupling matrices to leading order are given by basic variations on the "democratic" texture ansatz. In certain interesting cases, the Yukawa couplings have a novel structure in which a single right-handed fermion couples democratically at leading order to three left-handed fermions. We discuss the viability of such a ``single right-handed democracy'' in detail; remarkably, even though there are large mixing angles in the u,d sectors separately, the CKM mixing angles are small. The analysis demonstrates the ways in which the Type I superstring framework can provide a rich setting for investigating novel resolutions to the flavor puzzle.
Perturbative anti-brane potentials in heterotic M-theory
We derive the perturbative four-dimensional effective theory describing heterotic M theory with branes and anti-branes in the bulk space. The back-reaction of both the branes and anti-branes is explicitly included. To first order in the heterotic εS expansion, we find that the forces on branes and anti-branes vanish and that the KKLT procedure of simply adding to the supersymmetric theory the probe approximation to the energy density of the anti-brane reproduces the correct potential. However, there are additional non-supersymmetric corrections to the gauge-kinetic functions and matter terms. The new correction to the gauge kinetic functions is important in a discussion of moduli stabilization. At second order in the εS expansion, we find that the forces on the branes and anti-branes become non-vanishing. These forces are not precisely in the naive form that one may have anticipated and, being second order in the small parameter εS, they are relatively weak. This suggests that moduli stabilization in heterotic models with anti-branes is achievable. (authors)
D-branes and BCFT in Hpp-wave backgrounds
In this paper we study two classes of symmetric D-branes in the Nappi-Witten gravitational wave, namely D2- and S1-branes. We solve the sewing constraints and determine the bulk-boundary couplings and the boundary three-point couplings. For the D2-brane our solution gives the first explicit results for the structure constants of the twisted symmetric branes in a WZW model. We also compute the boundary four-point functions, providing examples of open string four-point amplitudes in a curved background. We finally discuss the annulus amplitudes, the relation with branes in AdS3 and in S3 and the analogy between the open string couplings in the H4 model and the couplings for magnetized and intersecting branes
Brane-world cosmology with black strings
Gergely, L A
2006-01-01
We consider the simplest scenario when black strings (cigars) penetrate the cosmological brane. As a result, the brane has a Swiss-cheese structure, with Schwarzschild black holes immersed in a Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker brane. There is no dark radiation in the model, the cosmological regions of the brane are characterized by a cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ and flat spatial sections. Regardless of the value of $\\Lambda$, these brane-world universes forever expand and forever decelerate. The totality of source terms in the modified Einstein equation sum up to a dust, establishing a formal equivalence with the general relativistic Einstein-Straus model. However in this brane-world scenario with black strings the evolution of the cosmological fluid strongly depends on $\\Lambda$. For $\\Lambda$ less or equal to zero it has positive energy density $\\rho$ and negative pressure $p$ and at late times it behaves as in the Einstein-Straus model. For (not too high) positive values of $\\Lambda$ the cosmolo...
Warped Brane worlds in Critical Gravity
Zhong, Yi; Chen, Feng-Wei; Xie, Qun-Ying
2014-01-01
We investigate the brane models in arbitrary dimensional critical gravity presented in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 181302 (2011)]. For the model of the thin branes with codimension one, the Gibbons-Hawking surface term and the junction conditions are derived, with which the analytical solutions for the flat, AdS, and dS branes are obtained at the critical point of the critical gravity. It is found that all these branes are embedded in an AdS$_{n}$ spacetime, but, in general, the effective cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ of the AdS$_{n}$ spacetime is not equal to the naked one $\\Lambda_0$ in the critical gravity, which can be positive, zero, and negative. Another interesting result is that the brane tension can also be positive, zero, or negative, depending on the symmetry of the thin brane and the values of the parameters of the theory, which is very different from the case in general relativity. It is shown that the mass hierarchy problem can be solved in the higher-order braneworld model in the critical gravity....
Warming up brane-antibrane inflation
We show that, in constructions with additional intersecting D-branes, brane-antibrane inflation may naturally occur in a warm regime, such that strong dissipative effects damp the inflaton's motion, greatly alleviating the associated η-problem. We illustrate this for D3-D3 inflation in flat space with additional flavor D7 branes, where for a Coulomb-like or quadratic hybrid potential a sufficient number of e-folds may be obtained for perturbative couplings and O(10-104) branes. This is in clear contrast with the corresponding cold scenarios, thus setting the stage for more realistic constructions within fully stabilized compactifications. Such models generically predict a negligible amount of tensor perturbations and non-Gaussianity fNL∼O(10).
Inflation on the Brane with Vanishing Gravity
Gallicchio, Jason
2010-01-01
Many existing models of brane inflation suffer from a steep irreducible gravitational potential between the branes that causes inflation to end too early. Inspired by the fact that point masses in 2+1 D exert no gravitational force, we propose a novel unwarped and non-supersymmetric setup for inflation, consisting of 3-branes in two extra dimensions compactified on a sphere. The size of the sphere is stabilized by a combination of a bulk cosmological constant and a magnetic flux. Computing the 4D effective potential between probe branes in this background, we find a non-zero contribution only from exchange of level-1 KK modes of the graviton and radion. Identifying antipodal points on the 2-sphere projects out these modes, eliminating entirely the troublesome gravitational contribution to the inflationary potential.
Sethi, S K; Sethi, Savdeep; Stern, Mark
1998-01-01
We study the existence of D-brane bound states at threshold in Type II string theories. In a number of situations, we can reduce the question of existence to quadrature, and the study of a particular limit of the propagator for the system of D-branes. This involves a derivation of an index theorem for a family of non-Fredholm operators. In support of the conjectured relation between compactified eleven-dimensional supergravity and Type IIA string theory, we show that a bound state exists for two coincident zero-branes. This result also provides support for the conjectured description of M-theory as a matrix model. In addition, we provide further evidence that there are no BPS bound states for two and three-branes twice wrapped on Calabi-Yau vanishing cycles.
Hashimoto, Koji; Murata, Keiju
2015-01-01
The shape of D-branes is of fundamental interest in string theory. We find that generically D-branes in trivial spacetime can form a conic shape under external uniform forces. Surprisingly, the apex angle is found to be unique, once the spatial dimensions of the cone is given. In particular it is universal irrespective of the external forces. The quantized angle is reminiscent of Taylor cones of hydrodynamic electrospray. We provide explicit D-brane solutions as well as the mechanism of a force balance on the cone, for D-branes in RR and NSNS flux backgrounds. Critical embedding of probe D-branes in AdS/CFT with electric and magnetic fields is in the same category, for which we give an analytic proof of a power-low spectrum of "turbulent meson condensation."
Trace anomaly inflation in brane-induced gravity
In this paper we find that Starobinsky's inflationary solution is also valid in the Dvali–Gabadadze–Porrati (DGP) model where a 3-brane is embedded in five-dimensional Minkowski bulk. We show that such a solution is typically not supported by the self-accelerated branch of the model, giving therefore a natural selection of the conventional branch of solutions. In the absence of brane-induced Einstein–Hilbert term the SA branch is always selected out. We then study the linearized modes around all such de Sitter brane solutions finding perturbative stability for a range of parameters of the brane QFT
Bare and effective fluid description in brane world cosmology
Cruz, Norman [Universidad de Santiago, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencia, Casilla 307, Santiago (Chile); Lepe, Samuel; Saavedra, Joel [Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Instituto de Fisica, Casilla 4950, Valparaiso (Chile); Pena, Francisco [Universidad de La Frontera, Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Ciencias y Administracion, Avda. Francisco Salazar 01145, Casilla 54-D, Temuco (Chile)
2010-03-15
An effective fluid description, for a brane world model in five dimensions, is discussed for both signs of the brane tension. We found several cosmological scenarios where the effective equation differs widely from the bare equation of state. For universes with negative brane tension, with a bare fluid satisfying the strong energy condition, the effective fluid can cross the barrier {omega} {sub eff}=-1. (orig.)
Lee, Peter; Ooguri, Hirosi; Park, Jongwon; Tannenhauser, Jonathan
2001-01-01
We study the spectrum of open strings on AdS_2 branes in AdS_3 in an NS-NS background, using the SL(2,R) WZW model. When the brane carries no fundamental string charge, the open string spectrum is the holomorphic square root of the spectrum of closed strings in AdS_3. It contains short and long strings, and is invariant under spectral flow. When the brane carries fundamental string charge, the open string spectrum again contains short and long strings in all winding sectors. However, branes w...
Brane-world generalizations of the Einstein static universe
A static Friedmann brane in a five-dimensional bulk (Randall-Sundrum-type scenario) can have a very different relation between the density, pressure, curvature and cosmological constant than in the case of the general relativistic Einstein static universe. In particular, static Friedmann branes with zero cosmological constant and 3-curvature, but satisfying ρ > 0 and ρ + 3p > 0, are possible. Furthermore, we find static Friedmann branes in a bulk that satisfies the Einstein equations but is not Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter or its specializations. In the models with negative bulk cosmological constant, a positive brane tension leads to negative density and 3-curvature
Warming up D3 brane motion in the background of D5 brane and inflation
The position of a mobile D-3 brane moving towards a stack of localized D-5 branes has been studied as a candidate driving inflation in the warm-inflationary scenario. Here we consider the dissipation parameter Γ as an arbitrary function of only the inflaton field. We find that the observables remain well within PLANCK predictions for a range of model parameters. We also discuss the non-gaussianity generated during inflation in this model. (orig.)
Randall-Sundrum brane-world in modified gravity
Nakada, Hiroshi
2016-01-01
We modify Randall-Sundrum model of brane-world (with two branes) by adding the scalar curvature squared term in five dimensions. We find that it does not destabilize Randall-Sundrum solution to the hierarchy problem of the Standard Model in particle physics.
Gibbons, G W
1999-01-01
A BIon may be defined as a finite energy solution of a non-linear field theory with distributional sources. By contrast a soliton is usually defined to have no sources. I show how harmonic coordinates map the exteriors of the topologically and causally non-trivial spacetimes of extreme p-branes to BIonic solutions of the Einstein equations in a topologically trivial spacetime in which the combined gravitational and matter energy momentum is located on distributional sources. As a consequence the tension of BPS p-branes is classically unrenormalized. The result holds equally for spacetimes with singularities and for those, like the M-5-brane, which are everywhere singularity free.
Gibbons, G. W.
1999-05-01
A BIon may be defined as a finite energy solution of a nonlinear field theory with distributional sources. In contrast, a soliton is usually defined to have no sources. I show how harmonic coordinates map the exteriors of the topologically and causally non-trivial spacetimes of extreme p-branes to BIonic solutions of the Einstein equations in a topologically trivial spacetime in which the combined gravitational and matter energy-momentum is located on distributional sources. As a consequence the tension of BPS p-branes is classically unrenormalized. The result holds equally for spacetimes with singularities and for those, like the M-5-brane, which are everywhere singularity free.
Roberts, Mark D.
2015-10-01
Solutions are found to field equations constructed from the Pauli, Bach and Gauss-Bonnet quadratic tensors to the Kasner and Kasner brane spacetimes in up to five dimensions. A double Kasner space is shown to have a vacuum solution. Brane solutions in which the bulk components of the Einstein tensor vanish are also looked at and for four-branes a solution similar to radiation Robertson-Walker spacetime is found. Matter trapping of a test scalar field and a test perfect fluid are investigated using energy conditions.
The so-called 'brick-wall model' is a semiclassical approach that has been used to explain black hole entropy in terms of thermal matter fields. Here, we apply the brick-wall formalism to thermal bulk fields in a Randall-Sundrum brane world scenario. In this case, the black hole entity is really a string-like object in the anti-de Sitter bulk, while appearing as a Schwarzchild black hole to observers living on the brane. In spite of these exotic circumstances, we establish that the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy law is preserved. Although a similar calculation was recently considered in the literature, this prior study invoked a simplifying assumption (which we avoid) that cannot be adequately justified
Branes And Brane Worlds In M-theory
Vázquez-Poritz, J F
2001-01-01
The search for a theory which unifies all fundamental physics has culminated in M-theory, whose solitonic p-brane solutions offer a wealth of non- perturbative phenomena. In a particular regime of M- theory, there is a duality between gauge theories and the near-horizon region of certain p- branes, a concrete example of which is the AdS/CFT correspondence. I find a new class of warped Anti-de Sitter solutions which arise as the near-horizon region of various semi- localized brane intersections. This provides an example of AdS5 originating in eleven-dimensional supergravity, as well as AdS4 and AdS 6 in Type IIB string theory, cases which do not arise from direct products of spaces. This enables us to study four-dimensional gauge theories which are dual to eleven-dimensional supergravity solutions. The dual gauge theories of AdS in warped spacetimes have reduced supersymmetry, which is pertinent to the study of viable supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model. In addition, I probe various supergravity s...
p-brane production in the fat brane or universal extra dimension scenario
In models of large extra dimensions, the fundamental Planck scale can be as low as TeV. Thus, in hadronic collisions interesting objects such as black holes, string balls, or p-branes can be produced. In scenarios of a fat brane or universal extra dimensions, the standard model particles are allowed to propagate in the extra spatial dimensions, which leads to the enhancement of the production cross sections of black holes and p-branes. Especially, the ratio of the p-brane cross section to the black hole cross section increases substantially, in comparison with the original confined scenario. The ratio can be as large as 105 (for the case n=7,m=5=p=r=k)
Generalised permutation branes
We propose a new class of non-factorising D-branes in the product group G x G where the fluxes and metrics on the two factors do not necessarily coincide. They generalise the maximally symmetric permutation branes which are known to exist when the fluxes agree, but break the symmetry down to the diagonal current algebra in the generic case. Evidence for the existence of these branes comes from a lagrangian description for the open string world-sheet and from effective Dirac-Born-Infeld theory. We state the geometry, gauge fields and, in the case of SU(2) x SU(2), tensions and partial results on the open string spectrum. In the latter case the generalised permutation branes provide a natural and complete explanation for the charges predicted by K-theory including their torsion
Thermodynamics of anisotropic branes
Ávila, Daniel; Patiño, Leonardo; Trancanelli, Diego
2016-01-01
We study the thermodynamics of flavor D7-branes embedded in an anisotropic black brane solution of type IIB supergravity. The flavor branes undergo a phase transition between a `Minkowski embedding', in which they lie outside of the horizon, and a `black hole embedding', in which they fall into the horizon. This transition depends on two independent dimensionless ratios, which are formed out of the black hole temperature, its anisotropy parameter, and the mass of the flavor degrees of freedom. It happens either at a critical temperature or at a critical anisotropy. A general lesson we learn from this analysis is that the anisotropy, in this particular realization, induces similar effects as the temperature. In particular, increasing the anisotropy bends the branes more and more into the horizon. Moreover, we observe that the transition becomes smoother for higher anisotropies.
Pablo Bueno
2015-04-01
Full Text Available We prove that for arbitrary black brane solutions of generic Supergravities there is an adapted system of variables in which the equations of motion are exactly invariant under electric–magnetic duality, i.e. the interchange of a given extended object by its electromagnetic dual. We obtain thus a procedure to automatically construct the electromagnetic dual of a given brane without needing to solve any further equation. We apply this procedure to construct the non-extremal (p,q-string of Type-IIB String Theory (new in the literature, explicitly showing how the dual (p,q-five-brane automatically arises in this construction. In addition, we prove that the system of variables used is suitable for a generic characterization of every double-extremal Supergravity brane solution, which we perform in full generality.
Anomalies, Branes, and Currents
Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E.; Yin, Zheng
1997-01-01
When a D-brane wraps around a cycle of a curved manifold, the twisting of its normal bundle can induce chiral asymmetry in its worldvolume theory. We obtain the general form of the resulting anomalies for D-branes and their intersections. They are not cancelled among themselves, and the standard inflow mechanism does not apply at first sight because of their apparent lack of factorizability and the apparent vanishing of the corresponding inflow. We show however after taking into consideration...
Interactions involving D-branes
We investigate some aspects of the spectrum of D-branes and their interactions with closed strings. As argued earlier, a collection of many D-strings behaves at large dilaton values as a single multiply wound string. We use this result and T-duality transformations to show that a similar phenomenon occurs for effective strings produced by wrapping p-branes on a small (p-1)-dimensional torus, for suitable coupling. To understand the decay of an excited D-string at large dilaton values, we study the decay of an elementary string at small dilaton values. A long string, multiply wound on a circle, with a small excitation energy is found to predominantly decay into another string with the same winding number, and an unwound closed string (rather than two wound strings). This decay amplitude agrees, under duality, with the decay amplitude computed using the Born-Infeld action for the D-string. We compute the absorption cross section for the D-brane model studied by Callan and Maldacena. The absorption cross section for the dilaton equals that for the scalars obtained by reduction of the graviton, and both agree with the cross section expected from a classical hole with the same charges. (orig.)
Koivisto, Tomi; Zavala, Ivonne
2013-01-01
Disformally coupled cosmologies are shown to emerge in the Dirac-Born-Infeld scenarios of Type II string theory compactifications, when matter resides on a moving hidden sector D-brane. Since such matter interacts only very weakly with the standard model particles, this scenario can provide a natural origin for the dark sector of the universe with a clear geometrical interpretation: dark energy is identified with the scalar field associated to the D-brane's position as it moves in the internal space, while dark matter is identified with the matter living on the D-brane. The coupling functions are determined by the (warped) extra-dimensional geometry, and are thus constrained by theory. The resulting cosmologies are studied using both dynamical system analysis and numerics. From the dynamical system point of view, one free parameter controls the cosmological dynamics, given by the ratio of the warp factor and the potential energy scales. The disformal coupling allows for new scaling solutions that can describe...
Myers, R C
1999-01-01
We extend the usual world-volume action for a Dp-brane to the case of N coincident Dp-branes where the world-volume theory involves a U(N) gauge theory. The guiding principle in our construction is that the action should be consistent with the familiar rules of T-duality. The resulting action involves a variety of potential terms, i.e., nonderivative interactions, for the nonabelian scalar fields. This action also shows that Dp-branes naturally couple to RR potentials of all form degrees, including both larger and smaller than p+1. We consider the dynamics resulting from this action for Dp-branes moving in nontrivial background fields, and illustrate how the Dp-branes are ``polarized'' by external fields. In a simple example, we show that a system of D0-branes in an external RR four-form field expands into a noncommutative two-sphere, which is interpreted as the formation of a spherical D2-D0 bound state.
New 3-Brane Solutions in 5D Spacetime
Midodashvili, Pavle
2010-01-01
In the article it is explicitly found new possible brane model solutions for the 5D spacetime physical set-up. These solutions require a ghost-like bulk scalar-field and the 3-brane at the origin of extra coordinate.
Regge-Teitelboim Goedetic Brane Gravity and Effective Cosmology
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
A geodetic brane cosmology formulated by virtue of 5-dimensional local isometric embedding is investigated with the context of Regge-Teitelboim brane gravity. We discuss a simple model where the resulting FRW evolution of the universe is governed by an effective density of the form rho + Lambda + 3m^2 where m is a constant having the dimension of the Hubble constant H.
Brane Structure from Scalar Field in Warped Spacetime
Bazeia, D; Gomes, A R
2004-01-01
We deal with scalar field coupled to gravity in five dimensions in warped geometry. We investigate models described by potentials that drive the system to support thick brane solutions that engender internal structure. We also show that the brane solutions simulate the occurrence of the complete wetting phenomenon at high temperatures.
Gravitational backreaction of anti-D branes in the warped compactification
Koyama, Kayoko; Koyama, Kazuya
2005-09-01
We derive a low-energy effective theory for gravity with anti-D branes, which are essential to get de Sitter solutions in the type IIB string-warped compactification, by taking account of gravitational backreactions of anti-D branes. In order to see the effects of the self-gravity of anti-D branes, a simplified model is studied where a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime is realized by the bulk cosmological constant and the 5-form flux, and anti-D branes are coupled to the 5-form field by Chern Simon terms. The AdS spacetime is truncated by introducing UV and IR cut-off branes like the Randall Sundrum model. We derive an effective theory for gravity on the UV brane and reproduce the familiar result that the tensions of the anti-D branes give potentials suppressed by the fourth power of the warp factor at the location of the anti-D branes. However, in this simplified model, the potential energy never inflates the UV brane, although the anti-D branes are inflating. The UV brane is dominated by dark radiation coming from the projection of the five-dimensional Weyl tensor, unless the moduli fields for the anti-D branes are stabilized. We comment on the possibility of avoiding this problem in a realistic string theory compactification.
Gauge groups from brane-anti-brane systems at angles
We discuss a system formed by two pairs of brane-anti-brane that form an arbitrary angle in a plane. We identify the gauge groups from this system which presumably could be used to construct gauge theories. (author)
Gauge groups from brane-anti-brane systems at angles
Vancea, I.V. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)
2001-07-01
We discuss a system formed by two pairs of brane-anti-brane that form an arbitrary angle in a plane. We identify the gauge groups from this system which presumably could be used to construct gauge theories. (author)
Gauge groups from brane-anti-brane systems at angles
Vancea, I. V.
2001-04-01
We discuss a system formed by two pairs of brane-anti-brane that form an arbitrary angle in a plane. We identify the gauge groups from this system which presumably could be used to construct gauge theories...
Cosmology of brane universes and brane gases
Boehm, Timon Georg; Durrer, Ruth
2004-01-01
Nous étudions le comportement dynamique et perturbateur de certains modèles cosmologiques inspirés par la théorie des cordes. Celle-ci est une théorie de la gravité quantique qui est fort probablement nécessaire pour comprendre l'origine de notre univers. Ses prédictions (l'existence des dimensions supplémentaires et des p-branes) sont très intéressantes pour la cosmologie. D'abord, notre univers est identifié avec une 3-brane plongée dans un espace-temps cinq-dimensionnel. Nous montrons que ...
Cosmology of brane universes and brane gases
Boehm, Timon Georg
2003-01-01
Nous étudions le comportement dynamique et perturbateur de certains modèles cosmologiques inspirés par la théorie des cordes. Celle-ci est une théorie de la gravité quantique qui est fort probablement nécessaire pour comprendre l'origine de notre univers. Ses prédictions (l'existence des dimensions supplémentaires et des p-branes) sont très intéressantes pour la cosmologie. D'abord, notre univers est identifié avec une 3-brane plongée dans un espace-temps cinq-dimensionnel. Nous montrons que ...
Brane World Dynamics and Adiabatic Matter creation
Gopakumar, P
2006-01-01
We have treated the adiabatic matter creation process in various three-brane models by applying thermodynamics of open systems. The matter creation rate is found to affect the evolution of scale factor and energy density of the universe. We find modification at early stages of cosmic dynamics. In GB and RS brane worlds, by chosing appropriate parameters we obtain standard scenario, while the warped DGP model has different Friedmann equations. During later stages, since the matter creation is negligible the evolution reduces to FRW expansion, in RS and GB models.
Multiple M0-brane equations in eleven dimensional pp-wave superspace and BMN matrix model
Bandos, Igor A.
2012-01-01
We obtain the Matrix model equations in the background of the maximally supersymmetric pp-wave solution of the 11D supergravity and discuss its relation with the Berenstein-Maldacena-Nastase (BMN) model.
T-branes and $\\alpha'$-corrections
Marchesano, Fernando
2016-01-01
We study $\\alpha'$-corrections in multiple D7-brane configurations with non-commuting profiles for their transverse position fields. We focus on T-brane systems, crucial in F-theory GUT model building. There $\\alpha'$-corrections modify the D-term piece of the BPS equations which, already at leading order, require a non-primitive Abelian worldvolume flux background. We find that $\\alpha'$-corrections may either i) leave this flux background invariant, ii) modify the Abelian non-primitive flux profile, or iii) deform it to a non-Abelian profile. The last case typically occurs when primitive fluxes, a necessary ingredient to build 4d chiral models, are added to the system. We illustrate these three cases by solving the $\\alpha'$-corrected D-term equations in explicit examples, and describe their appearance in more general T-brane backgrounds. Finally, we discuss implications of our findings for F-theory GUT local models.
Brane Tilings, M2-branes and Orbifolds
Davey, John
2011-01-01
Brane Tilings represent one of the largest classes of superconformal theories with known gravity duals in 3+1 and also 2+1 dimensions. They provide a useful link between a large class of quiver gauge theories and their moduli spaces, which are the toric Calabi-Yau (CY) singularities. This thesis includes a discussion of an algorithm that can be used to generate all brane tilings with any given number of superpotential terms. All tilings with at most 8 superpotential terms have been generated using an implementation of this method. Orbifolds are a subject of central importance in string theory. It is widely known that there may be two or more orbifolds of a space by a finite group. Abelian Calabi-Yau orbifolds of the form $\\BC^3 / \\Gamma$ can be counted according to the size of the group $|\\Gamma|$. Three methods of counting these orbifolds will be given. A brane tiling together with a set of Chern Simons levels is sufficient to define a quiver Chern-Simons theory which describes the worldvolume theory of the ...
Rotating Brane World Black Holes
Modgil, Moninder Singh; Panda, Sukanta; Sengupta, Gautam
2001-01-01
A five dimensional rotating black string in a Randall-Sundrum brane world is considered. The black string intercepts the three brane in a four dimensional rotating black hole. The geodesic equations and the asymptotics in this background are discussed.
Hybrid metric-Palatini brane system
Fu, Qi-Ming; Zhao, Li; Gu, Bao-Min; Yang, Ke; Liu, Yu-Xiao
2016-07-01
It is known that the metric and Palatini formalisms of gravity theories have their own interesting features but also suffer from some different drawbacks. Recently, a novel gravity theory called hybrid metric-Palatini gravity was put forward to cure or improve their individual deficiencies. The action of this gravity theory is a hybrid combination of the usual Einstein-Hilbert action and a f (R ) term constructed by the Palatini formalism. Interestingly, it seems that the existence of a light and long-range scalar field in this gravity may modify the cosmological and galactic dynamics without conflicting with the laboratory and Solar System tests. In this paper, we focus on the tensor and scalar perturbations of the thick branes in this novel gravity theory. We consider two models as examples, namely, the thick branes constructed by a background scalar field and by pure gravity. The thick branes in both models have no inner structure. However, affected by the hybrid combination of the metric and Palatini formalisms, the graviton zero mode in the first model has inner structure when the parameter in this model is larger than its critical value, which is different from the cases of general relativity and Palatini f (R ) gravity. We find that the effective four-dimensional gravity can be reproduced on the brane for both models and the scalar zero mode in the model without a background scalar field cannot be localized on the brane, which avoids a fifth force. Moreover, the stability of both brane systems against the linear perturbations can also be ensured.