Papantonopoulos, E.
2002-01-01
The aim of these lectures is to give a brief introduction to brane cosmology. After introducing some basic geometrical notions, we discuss the cosmology of a brane universe with matter localized on the brane. Then we introduce an intrinsic curvature scalar term in the bulk action, and analyze the cosmology of this induced gravity. Finally we present the cosmology of a moving brane in the background of other branes, and as a particular example, we discuss the cosmological evolution of a test b...
Nonsingular Cosmologies from Branes
Biswas, A; Pal, S S; Biswas, Anindya; Mukherji, Sudipta; Pal, Shesansu Sekhar
2004-01-01
We analyse possible cosmological scenarios on a brane where the brane acts as a dynamical boundary of various black holes with anti-de Sitter or de Sitter asymptotics. In many cases, the brane is found to describe completely non-singular universe. In some cases, quantum gravity era of the brane-universe can also be avoided by properly tuning bulk parameters. We further discuss the creation of a brane-universe by studying its wave function. This is done by employing Wheeler-De Witt equation in the mini superspace formalism.
Modified geodetic brane cosmology
We explore the cosmological implications provided by the geodetic brane gravity action corrected by an extrinsic curvature brane term, describing a codimension-1 brane embedded in a 5D fixed Minkowski spacetime. In the geodetic brane gravity action, we accommodate the correction term through a linear term in the extrinsic curvature swept out by the brane. We study the resulting geodetic-type equation of motion. Within a Friedmann–Robertson–Walker metric, we obtain a generalized Friedmann equation describing the associated cosmological evolution. We observe that, when the radiation-like energy contribution from the extra dimension is vanishing, this effective model leads to a self-(non-self)-accelerated expansion of the brane-like universe in dependence on the nature of the concomitant parameter β associated with the correction, which resembles an analogous behaviour in the DGP brane cosmology. Several possibilities in the description for the cosmic evolution of this model are embodied and characterized by the involved density parameters related in turn to the cosmological constant, the geometry characterizing the model, the introduced β parameter as well as the dark-like energy and the matter content on the brane. (paper)
Post-inflationary brane cosmology
Mazumdar, Anupam
2000-01-01
The brane cosmology has invoked new challenges to the usual Big Bang cosmology. In this paper we present a brief account on thermal history of the post-inflationary brane cosmology. We have realized that it is not obvious that the post-inflationary brane cosmology would always deviate from the standard Big Bang cosmology. However, if it deviates some stringent conditions on the brane tension are to be satisfied. In this regard we study various implications on gravitino production and its abun...
Brane cosmology in teleparallel gravity
Atazadeh, K
2014-01-01
We consider cosmology of brane-world scenario in the frame work of teleparallel gravity in that way matter is localized on the brane. We show that the cosmology of such branes is different from the standard cosmology in teleparallelism. In particular, we obtain a class of new solutions with a constant five-dimensional radius and cosmologically evolving brane in the context of constant torsion $f(T)$ gravity.
Wands, David
1999-01-01
A simple model of the brane-world cosmology has been proposed, which is characterized by four parameters, the bulk cosmological constant, the spatial curvature of the universe, the radiation strength arising from bulk space-time and the breaking parameter of $Z_2$-symmetry. The bulk space-time is assumed to be locally static five-dimensional analogue of the Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter space-time, and then the location of three-brane is determined by metric junction. The resulting Friedmann e...
Brane cosmology with curvature corrections
We study the cosmology of the Randall-Sundrum brane-world where the Einstein-Hilbert action is modified by curvature correction terms: a four-dimensional scalar curvature from induced gravity on the brane, and a five-dimensional Gauss-Bonnet curvature term. The combined effect of these curvature corrections to the action removes the infinite-density big bang singularity, although the curvature can still diverge for some parameter values. A radiation brane undergoes accelerated expansion near the minimal scale factor, for a range of parameters. This acceleration is driven by the geometric effects, without an inflation field or negative pressures. At late times, conventional cosmology is recovered. (author)
D-branes, topological defects in string theory on which string endpoints can live, may give new insight into the understanding of the cosmological evolution of the Universe at early epochs. We analyze the dynamics of D-branes in curved backgrounds and discuss the parameter space of M-theory as a function of the coupling constant and of the curvature of the Universe. We show that D-branes may be efficiently produced by gravitational effects. Furthermore, in curved space-times the transverse fluctuations of the D-branes develop a tachyonic mode and when the fluctuations grow larger than the horizon the branes become tensionless and break up. This signals a transition to a new regime. We discuss the implications of our findings for the singularity problem present in string cosmology, suggesting the existence of a limiting value for the curvature which is in agreement with the value suggested by the cosmological version of the holography principle. We also comment on possible implications for the so-called brane world scenario, where the Standard Model gauge and matter fields live inside some branes while gravitons live in the bulk
Koivisto, Tomi; Wills, Danielle; Zavala, Ivonne
2014-01-01
Disformally coupled cosmologies arise from Dirac-Born-Infeld actions in Type II string theories, when matter resides on a moving hidden sector D-brane. Since such matter interacts only very weakly with the standard model particles, this scenario can provide a natural origin for the dark sector of the universe with a clear geometrical interpretation: dark energy is identified with the scalar field associated to the D-brane's position as it moves in the internal space, acting as quintessence, w...
A varying-e brane world cosmology
We study a varying electric charge brane world cosmology in the RS2 model obtained from a varying-speed-of-light brane world cosmology by redefining the system of units. We elaborate conditions under which the flatness problem and the cosmological constant problem can be resolved by such cosmological model (author)
Lectures on string/brane cosmology
An overview of some cosmological aspects of string theory is presented. Recent developments are emphasized, especially the attempts to derive inflation or alternatives to inflation from the dynamics of branes in string theory. Time-dependent backgrounds with potential cosmological implications, such as those provided by negative tension branes and S-branes and the rolling string tachyon are also discussed
Brane cosmological evolution in a bulk with cosmological constant
Binetruy, Pierre; Deffayet, Cedric; Ellwanger, Ulrich; Langlois, David
1999-01-01
We consider the cosmology of a ``3-brane universe'' in a five dimensional (bulk) space-time with a cosmological constant. We show that Einstein's equations admit a first integral, analogous to the first Friedmann equation, which governs the evolution of the metric in the brane, whatever the time evolution of the metric along the fifth dimension. We thus obtain the cosmological evolution in the brane for any equation of state describing the matter in the brane, without needing the dependence o...
Koivisto, Tomi; Zavala, Ivonne
2013-01-01
Disformally coupled cosmologies are shown to emerge in the Dirac-Born-Infeld scenarios of Type II string theory compactifications, when matter resides on a moving hidden sector D-brane. Since such matter interacts only very weakly with the standard model particles, this scenario can provide a natural origin for the dark sector of the universe with a clear geometrical interpretation: dark energy is identified with the scalar field associated to the D-brane's position as it moves in the internal space, while dark matter is identified with the matter living on the D-brane. The coupling functions are determined by the (warped) extra-dimensional geometry, and are thus constrained by theory. The resulting cosmologies are studied using both dynamical system analysis and numerics. From the dynamical system point of view, one free parameter controls the cosmological dynamics, given by the ratio of the warp factor and the potential energy scales. The disformal coupling allows for new scaling solutions that can describe...
A varying-α brane world cosmology
We study the brane world cosmology in the RS2 model where the electric charge varies with time in the manner described by the varying fine-structure constant theory of Bekenstein. We map such varying electric charge cosmology to the dual variable-speed-of-light cosmology by changing system of units. We comment on cosmological implications for such cosmological models. (author)
A Varying-alpha Brane World Cosmology
Youm, Donam
2001-01-01
We study the brane world cosmology in the RS2 model where the electric charge varies with time in the manner described by the varying fine-structure constant theory of Bekenstein. We map such varying electric charge cosmology to the dual variable-speed-of-light cosmology by changing system of units. We comment on cosmological implications for such cosmological models.
Brane Space-Time and Cosmology
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
I reconsider the cosmology of a 3-brane universe imbedded in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space AdS5 with a cosmological constant and show that the resulting Friedmann equations for this system are identical to those standard obtained in 4D FRW space-time in the presence of an additional density, playing two roles: the tension of the brane and the gravitino density We discuss some important concequences on hot big bang cosmology.
Second order brane cosmology with radion stabilization
We study cosmology in the five-dimensional Randall-Sundrum brane world with a stabilizing effective potential for the radion and matter localized on the branes. The analysis is performed by employing a perturbative expansion in the ratio ρ/V between the matter energy density on the branes and the brane tensions around the static Randall-Sundrum solution (which has ρ=0 and brane tensions ±V). This approach ensures that the matter evolves adiabatically and allows us to find approximate solutions to second order in ρ/V. Some particular cases are then analyzed in detail
Cosmology of brane universes and brane gases
Boehm, Timon Georg; Durrer, Ruth
2004-01-01
Nous étudions le comportement dynamique et perturbateur de certains modèles cosmologiques inspirés par la théorie des cordes. Celle-ci est une théorie de la gravité quantique qui est fort probablement nécessaire pour comprendre l'origine de notre univers. Ses prédictions (l'existence des dimensions supplémentaires et des p-branes) sont très intéressantes pour la cosmologie. D'abord, notre univers est identifié avec une 3-brane plongée dans un espace-temps cinq-dimensionnel. Nous montrons que ...
Cosmology of brane universes and brane gases
Boehm, Timon Georg
2003-01-01
Nous étudions le comportement dynamique et perturbateur de certains modèles cosmologiques inspirés par la théorie des cordes. Celle-ci est une théorie de la gravité quantique qui est fort probablement nécessaire pour comprendre l'origine de notre univers. Ses prédictions (l'existence des dimensions supplémentaires et des p-branes) sont très intéressantes pour la cosmologie. D'abord, notre univers est identifié avec une 3-brane plongée dans un espace-temps cinq-dimensionnel. Nous montrons que ...
Rinaldi, Massimiliano
2006-01-01
We show how T-duality can be implemented with brane cosmology. As a result, we obtain a smooth bouncing cosmology with features similar to the ones of the pre-Big Bang scenario. Also, by allowing T-duality transformations along the time-like direction, we find a static solution that displays an interesting self tuning property.
Brane-world cosmology with black strings
Gergely, L A
2006-01-01
We consider the simplest scenario when black strings (cigars) penetrate the cosmological brane. As a result, the brane has a Swiss-cheese structure, with Schwarzschild black holes immersed in a Friedmann-Lema\\^{\\i}tre-Robertson-Walker brane. There is no dark radiation in the model, the cosmological regions of the brane are characterized by a cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ and flat spatial sections. Regardless of the value of $\\Lambda$, these brane-world universes forever expand and forever decelerate. The totality of source terms in the modified Einstein equation sum up to a dust, establishing a formal equivalence with the general relativistic Einstein-Straus model. However in this brane-world scenario with black strings the evolution of the cosmological fluid strongly depends on $\\Lambda$. For $\\Lambda$ less or equal to zero it has positive energy density $\\rho$ and negative pressure $p$ and at late times it behaves as in the Einstein-Straus model. For (not too high) positive values of $\\Lambda$ the cosmolo...
Isotropic singularity in inhomogeneous brane cosmological models
We discuss the asymptotic dynamical evolution of spatially inhomogeneous brane-world cosmological models close to the initial singularity. By introducing suitable scale-invariant dependent variables and a suitable gauge, we write the evolution equations of the spatially inhomogeneous G2 brane cosmological models with one spatial degree of freedom as a system of autonomous first-order partial differential equations. We study the system numerically, and we find that there always exists an initial singularity, which is characterized by the fact that spatial derivatives are dynamically negligible. More importantly, from the numerical analysis we conclude that there is an initial isotropic singularity in all these spatially inhomogeneous brane cosmologies for a range of parameter values which include the physically important cases of radiation and a scalar field source. The numerical results are supported by a qualitative dynamical analysis and a calculation of the past asymptotic decay rates. Although the analysis is local in nature, the numerics indicate that the singularity is isotropic for all relevant initial conditions. Therefore this analysis, and a preliminary investigation of general inhomogeneous (G0) models, indicates that it is plausible that the initial singularity is isotropic in spatially inhomogeneous brane-world cosmological models and consequently that brane cosmology naturally gives rise to a set of initial data that provide the conditions for inflation to subsequently take place
Brane-world cosmology and inflation
Misao Sasaki
2004-10-01
There has been substantial progress in brane-world cosmology in recent years. Much attention has been particularly paid to the second Randall–Sundrum (RS2) scenario in which a single positive-tension brane is embedded in a five-dimensional space-time, called the bulk, with a negative cosmological constant. This brane-world scenario is quite attractive because of the non-trivial geometry in the bulk and because it successfully gives four-dimensional general relativity in the low energy limit. After reviewing basic features of the RS2 scenario, we consider a brane-world inflation model driven by the dynamics of a scalar field living in the five-dimensional bulk, the so-called bulk inflaton model. An intriguing feature of this model is that the projection of the bulk inflaton on the brane behaves just like an ordinary inflaton in four dimensions in the low energy regime, 2 ℓ2 ≪ 1, where is the Hubble expansion rate of the brane and ℓ is the curvature radius of the bulk. We then discuss the cosmological perturbation on superhorizon scales in this model. We find that, even under the presence of spatial inhomogeneities, the model is indistinguishable from the standard four-dimensional inflation to (2 ℓ2). That is, the difference may appear only at O(4 ℓ4).
Cosmological Evolution of Brane World Moduli
Brax, P; Davis, A C; Rhodes, C S; Brax, Ph.
2003-01-01
We study cosmological consequences of non-constant brane world moduli in five dimensional brane world models with bulk scalars and two boundary branes. We focus on the case where the brane tension is an exponential function of the bulk scalar field, $U_b \\propto \\exp{(\\alpha \\phi)}$. In the limit $\\alpha \\to 0$, the model reduces to the two-brane model of Randall-Sundrum, whereas larger values of $\\alpha$ allow for a less warped bulk geometry. Using the moduli space approximation we derive the four-dimensional low-energy effective action from a supergravity-inspired five-dimensional theory. For arbitrary values of $\\alpha$, the resulting theory has the form of a bi-scalar-tensor theory. We show that, in order to be consistent with local gravitational observations, $\\alpha$ has to be small (less than $10^{-2}$) and the separation of the branes must be large. We study the cosmological evolution of the interbrane distance and the bulk scalar field for different matter contents on each branes. Our findings indica...
Cold dark matter in brane cosmology scenario
We analyze the dark matter problem in the context of brane cosmology. We investigate the impact of the non-conventional brane cosmology on the relic abundance of non-relativistic stable particles in high and low reheating temperature scenarios. We show that in case of high reheating temperature, the brane cosmology may enhance the dark matter relic density by many order of magnitudes and a stringent lower bound on the five dimensional scale is obtained. We also consider low reheating temperature scenarios with chemical equilibrium and non-equilibrium. We emphasize that in non-equilibrium case, the resulting relic density is very small. While with equilibrium, it is increased by a factor of O(102) with respect to the standard thermal production. Therefore, dark matter particles with large cross section, which is favored by detection expirements, can be consistent with the recent relic density observational limits
Finite temperature effects in brane cosmology
Ansari, R U H; Ansari, Rizwan Ul Haq
2004-01-01
Finite temperature effects in brane world cosmology are studied by considering the interaction between scalar field and bulk gravity. One-loop correction to zero-temperature potential is computed by taking into account, interaction of scalar field and bulk gravity. Phase transitions and high temperature symmetry restoration are examined. Critical temperature of phase transitions depends on the interaction constant of the scalar field and bulk gravity, and these constant is an order parameter. Present study can account for second order phase transition in early universe, in brane world cosmological scenario.
Mirage cosmology with an unstable probe D3-brane
Jeong, Dong Hyeok; Kim, Jin Young
2005-01-01
We consider the mirage cosmology by an unstable probe brane whose action is represented by BDI action with tachyon. We study how the presence of tachyon affects the evolution of the brane inflation. At the early stage of the brane inflation, the tachyon kinetic term can play an important role in curing the superluminal expansion in mirage cosmology.
Mirage cosmology with an unstable probe D3-brane
We consider the mirage cosmology by an unstable probe brane whose action is represented by Dirac-Born-Infeld action with tachyon. We study how the presence of tachyon affects the evolution of the brane inflation. At the early stage of the brane inflation, the tachyon kinetic term can play an important role in curing the superluminal expansion in mirage cosmology
Slinky evolution of domain wall brane cosmology
Kadosh, Avihay; Pallante, Elisabetta
2012-01-01
Invoking an initial symmetry between the time $t$ and some extra spatial dimension $y$, we discuss a novel scenario where the dynamical formation of the 4-dim brane and its cosmological evolution are induced simultaneously by a common $ ty $ symmetry breaking mechanism. The local maximum of the underlying scalar potential is mapped onto a `watershed' curve in the $(t,y)$ plane; the direction tangent to this curve is identified as the cosmic time, whereas the perpendicular direction serves locally as the extra spatial dimension. Special attention is devoted to the so-called slinky configurations, whose brane cosmology is characterized by a decaying cosmological constant along the watershed curve. Such a slinky solution is first constructed within a simplified case where the watershed is constrained by $y=0$. The physical requirements (and the problematics) for a slinky configuration to generate a realistic model are then discussed in a more elaborated framework. Prospects for adding matter and radiation fields...
Brane and Nonisotropic Bianchi Cosmology
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
In this letter, we use Einstein field equations in the presence of gravitino cosmological density derived in a previous paper [1] to study a spatially honogenous, nonisotropic cosmological model, in particular the Bianchi IV model. We find a axisymmetric Universe, free of singularity in the past, asymptotically flat as time grows, and admit the presence of gravitino mass as missing energy and positive cosmological constant as Lambda > 3m^2.
Brane Cosmology and Higher Derivative Theory
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
In this paper, we have considered a cosmological model with density perturbation and decreasing cosmological constant of the form Lambda = 3beta (frac{dot{R}^2}{R^2}) + delta (frac{ddot{R}}{R}), beta, gamma = const. Inspired from brane cosmology, we supposed the presence of exotic density related to the cosmological constant by the formula 2Lambda = 3m^2, where m is a constant having the dimension of Hubble constant. Their effects on the evolution of the spatially, flat FRW cosmoligical model of the Universe is analyzed in the framework of higher derivative theory. The Universe is found to be accelerating with time with no initial singularity for beta < frac{1}{3} and the cosmological constant is found to decrease as t^{-2} but smaller than 3H^2. The presence of interacting scalar field is also discussed.
Cosmology from quantum potential in brane-anti-brane system
Sepehri, Alireza
2015-01-01
Recently, some authors removed the big-bang singularity and predicted an infinite age of our universe. In this paper, we show that the same result can be obtained in string theory and M-theory; however, the shape of universe changes in different epochs. In our mechanism, first, N fundamental string decay to N D0-anti-D0-brane. Then, D0-branes join to each other, grow and and form a six-dimensional brane-antibrane system. This system is unstable, broken and present form of four dimensional universes , one anti-universe in additional to one wormhole are produced. Thus, there isn't any big-bang in cosmology and universe is a fundamental string at the beginning. Also, total age of universe contains two parts, one in related to initial age and second which is corresponded to present age of universe ($t_{tot}=t_{initial}+t_{present}$). On the other hand, initial age of universe includes two parts, the age of fundamental string and time of transition ($t_{initial}=t_{transition}+t_{f-string}$). We observe that only ...
Cosmology from quantum potential in brane-anti-brane system
Sepehri, Alireza
2015-09-01
Recently, some authors removed the big-bang singularity and predicted an infinite age of our universe. In this paper, we show that the same result can be obtained in string theory and M-theory; however, the shape of universe changes in different epochs. In our mechanism, first, N fundamental string decay to N D0-anti-D0-brane. Then, D0-branes join each other, grow and form a six-dimensional brane-antibrane system. This system is unstable, broken and at present the form of four-dimensional universes, one anti-universe in addition to one wormhole are produced. Thus, there isn't any big-bang in cosmology and the universe is a fundamental string at the beginning. Also, the total age of universe contains two parts, one is related to initial age and the other corresponds to the present age of universe (ttot =tinitial +tpresent). On the other hand, the initial age of universe includes two parts, the age of fundamental string and the time of transition (tinitial =ttransition +tf-string). We observe that only in the case of (tf-string → ∞), the scale factor of universe is zero and as a result, the total age of universe is infinity.
Sp-brane accelerating cosmologies
We investigate time dependent solutions (S-brane solutions) for product manifolds consisting of factor spaces where only one of them is non-Ricci-flat. Our model contains a minimally coupled free scalar field as a matter source. We discuss a possibility of generating late-time acceleration of the Universe. The analysis is performed in conformally related Brans-Dicke and Einstein frames. Dynamical behavior of our Universe is described by its scale factor. Since the scale factors of our Universe are described by different variables in both frames, they can have different dynamics. Indeed, we show that with our S-brane ansatz in the Brans-Dicke frame the stages of accelerating expansion exist for all types of the external space (flat, spherical, and hyperbolic). However, applying the same ansatz for the metric in the Einstein frame, we find that a model with flat external space and hyperbolic compactification of the internal space is the only one with the stage of the accelerating expansion. A scalar field can prevent this acceleration. It is shown that the case of hyperbolic external space in the Brans-Dicke frame is the only model which can satisfy experimental bounds for the fine-structure constant variations. We obtain a class of models where a pair of dynamical internal spaces have fixed total volume. This results in a fixed fine-structure constant. However, these models are unstable and external space is nonaccelerating
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Pradhan, Anirudh; Beesham, Aroonkumar; de Haro, Jaume
2016-09-01
Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps around the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from the other one. In this system, there are three types of fields, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These fields interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle, the intersecting anti-D8 branes approach each other, the D4 brane rolls, the D3 brane wraps around the D4 brane, and the universe contracts. By separating the intersecting branes and increasing the angle, the D4 brane rolls in the opposite direction, the D3 brane separates from it and the expansion branch begins. Also, the interaction between branes in this system gives us the exact form of the relevant Lagrangian for teleparallel LQC.
Fine-tuning of the cosmological constant in brane worlds
We discuss how the fine-tuning of the cosmological constant enters brane world setups. After presenting the Randall Sundrum model as a prototype case, we focus on single brane models with curvature singularities which are separated from the brane in the additional dimension. Finally, the issue of the existence of nearby curved solutions is addressed. (orig.)
Teleparallel loop quantum cosmology in a system of intersecting branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Beesham, A; de Haro, Jaume
2016-01-01
Recently, some authors have removed the big bang singularity in teleparallel Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) and have shown that the universe may undergo a number of oscillations. We investigate the origin of this type of teleparallel theory in a system of intersecting branes in M-theory in which the angle between them changes with time. This system is constructed by two intersecting anti-D8-branes, one compacted D4-brane and the other a D3-brane. These branes are built by joining M0-branes which develop in decaying fundamental strings. The compacted D4-brane is located between two intersecting anti-D8 branes and glues to one of them. Our universe is located on the D3 brane which wraps the D4 brane from one end and sticks to one of the anti-D8 branes from another one. In this system, there are three types of ?elds, corresponding to compacted D4 branes, intersecting branes and D3-branes. These ?elds interact with each other and make the angle between branes oscillate. By decreasing this angle and approaching the ...
Cosmography of f(R) - brane cosmology
Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; Cardone, Vincenzo F
2010-01-01
Cosmography is a useful tool to constrain cosmological models, in particular dark energy models. In the case of modified theories of gravity, where the equations of motion are generally quite complicated, cosmography can contribute to select realistic models without imposing arbitrary choices a priori. Indeed, its reliability is based on the assumptions that the universe is homogeneous and isotropic on large scale and luminosity distance can be "tracked" by the derivative series of the scale factor a(t). We apply this approach to induced gravity brane-world models where an f(R)-term is present in the brane effective action. The virtue of the model is to self-accelerate the normal and healthy DGP branch once the f(R)-term deviates from the Hilbert-Einstein action. We show that the model, coming from a fundamental theory, is consistent with the LCDM scenario at low redshift. We finally estimate the cosmographic parameters fitting the Union2 Type Ia Supernovae (SNeIa) dataset and the distance priors from Baryon ...
Bare and effective fluid description in brane world cosmology
Cruz, Norman [Universidad de Santiago, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencia, Casilla 307, Santiago (Chile); Lepe, Samuel; Saavedra, Joel [Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Instituto de Fisica, Casilla 4950, Valparaiso (Chile); Pena, Francisco [Universidad de La Frontera, Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Ciencias y Administracion, Avda. Francisco Salazar 01145, Casilla 54-D, Temuco (Chile)
2010-03-15
An effective fluid description, for a brane world model in five dimensions, is discussed for both signs of the brane tension. We found several cosmological scenarios where the effective equation differs widely from the bare equation of state. For universes with negative brane tension, with a bare fluid satisfying the strong energy condition, the effective fluid can cross the barrier {omega} {sub eff}=-1. (orig.)
Regge-Teitelboim Goedetic Brane Gravity and Effective Cosmology
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
A geodetic brane cosmology formulated by virtue of 5-dimensional local isometric embedding is investigated with the context of Regge-Teitelboim brane gravity. We discuss a simple model where the resulting FRW evolution of the universe is governed by an effective density of the form rho + Lambda + 3m^2 where m is a constant having the dimension of the Hubble constant H.
Extra-dimensional cosmology with domain-wall branes
We show how to define a consistent braneworld cosmology in a model in which the brane is constructed as a field-theoretic domain wall of finite thickness. The Friedmann, Robertson-Walker metric is recovered in the region of the brane, but, remarkably, with scale factor that depends on particle energy and on particle species, constituting a breakdown of the weak equivalence principle on sufficiently small scales. This unusual effect comes from the extended nature of particles confined to a domain-wall brane, and the fact that they feel an 'average' of the bulk spacetime. We demonstrate how to recover the standard results of brane cosmology in the infinitely-thin brane limit, and comment on how our results have the potential to place bounds on parameters such as the thickness of domain-wall braneworlds.
The Cosmological Constant Problem from a Brane-World Perspective
Förste, S; Lavignac, Stephane; Nilles, Hans Peter; Forste, Stefan; Lalak, Zygmunt; Lavignac, St\\'ephane; Nilles, Hans Peter
2000-01-01
We point out several subtleties arising in brane-world scenarios of cosmological constant cancellation. We show that solutions with curvature singularities are inconsistent, unless the contribution to the effective four-dimentional cosmological constant of the physics that resolves the singularities is fine-tuned. This holds for both flat and curved branes. Irrespective of this problem, we then study an isolated class of flat solutions in models where a bulk scalar field with a vanishing potential couples to a 3-brane. We give an example where the introduction of a bulk scalar potential results in a nonzero cosmological constant. Finally we comment on the stability of classical solutions of the brane system with respect to quantum corrections.
F(R) bouncing cosmology with future singularity in brane-anti-brane system
Sepehri, Alireza; Pradhan, Anirudh; Shoorvazi, Somayyeh
2016-02-01
Recently Odintsov and Oikonomou (Phys. Rev. D 92:024016, 2015b) proposed the origin of a Type IV singular bounce in a modified gravity and found an explicit form of F(R) which can generate this type of bouncing cosmological evolution. In this paper, we construct their model in string theory and show that interaction between branes is the main cause of F(R) bouncing cosmology. In our technique, N fundamental strings decay first to N M0-anti-M0-brane then, M0-branes link to each other, originate and form an M3-anti-M3 system. Our universe is located on one of these M3-branes and interact with the universe on another M3-brane via some scalars. The branes in this system wrap around each other and form a compacted system. This process causes to a contraction of universes and produces a contraction branch in a F(R) bouncing model of cosmology. Also, the relevant actions of compacted M3-branes include higher order of derivatives which lead to communication relations in generalized uncertainty principle. On the other hand, branes and anti-branes absorb each other, the radius of compactification is reduced, some of scalars gain negative square masses and become tachyons. This system is unstable, broken and branes rebound to non-compact state during an expansion branch. With opening of branes, some other scalars achieve to tachyon phase and consequently, this epoch stops. This process may be repeated in different branches. In this theory, the Type IV singularity occurs at t = ts, which is the time of producing tachyons between two branches. It is observed that the derived model is in good agreement with recent Planck data (Ade et al. in arXiv:1502.02114 [astro-ph.CO], 2015 and in Astron. Astrophys. 571:A22, 2014) and obtain the bouncing point.
Brane Gas Cosmology In Superstring Theory
Jackson, M G
2004-01-01
We study the role that string and brane winding modes may have played in cosmology. Such windings tend to impede the growth of a dimension, and dimensional counting implies that a pair of winding modes will only interact in at most 4 spacetime dimensions. This may explain why we observe 3 large spatial dimensions. We first generalize this proposal to more phenomenologically realistic backgrounds, known as orbifolds, in which “pseudo-wound” strings can unwind. We find that the windings can persist for many “Hubble times” in some of these spaces, suggesting that they may affect the dynamics in the same way as genuinely wound strings. Since string theory is merely a perturbative expansion of M-theory, it is important to reevaluate the proposal in this context. We divide our analysis into early- and late-time components, asking whether the late-time behavior allows 3 large dimensions, and then determining if the early-time behavior makes such an outcome likely. Working in ...
Brane-world cosmological perturbations a covariant approach
Maartens, R
2002-01-01
The standard cosmological model, based on general relativity with an inflationary era, is very effective in accounting for a broad range of observed features of the universe. However, the ongoing puzzles about the nature of dark matter and dark energy, together with the problem of a fundamental theoretical framework for inflation, indicate that cosmology may be probing the limits of validity of general relativity. The early universe provides a testing ground for theories of gravity, since gravitational dynamics can lead to characteristic imprints on the CMB and other cosmological observations. Precision cosmology is in principle a means to constrain and possibly falsify candidate quantum gravity theories like M theory. Generalized Randall-Sundrum brane-worlds provide a phenomenological means to test aspects of M theory. I outline the 1+3-covariant approach to cosmological perturbations in these brane-worlds, and its application to CMB anisotropies.
Classical and quantum aspects of brane-world cosmology
We give a brief overview of several models in brane-world cosmology. In particular, we focus on the asymmetric DGP and Regge-Teiltelboim models. We present the associated equations of motion governing the dynamics of the brane and their corresponding Friedmann-like equations. In order to develop the quantum Regge-Teiltelboim type cosmology we construct its Ostrogradski Hamiltonian formalism which naturally leads to the corresponding Wheeler-DeWitt equation. In addition, we comment on possible generalizations for these models including second order derivative geometrical terms.
Variable-speed-of-light cosmology from brane world scenario
We argue that the four-dimensional universe on the TeV brane of the Randall-Sundrum scenario takes the bimetric structure of Clayton and Moffat, with gravitons traveling faster than photons instead, while the radion varies with time. We show that such brane world bimetric model can thereby solve the flatness and the cosmological constant problems, provided the speed of a graviton decreases to the present day value rapidly enough. The resolution of other cosmological problems such as the horizon problem and the monopole problem requires supplementation by inflation, which may be achieved by the radion field provided the radion potential satisfies the slow-roll approximation. (author)
Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati Cosmology in Bianchi I brane
Ansari, Rizwan Ul Haq
2008-01-01
The dynamics of Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati Cosmology (DGP) braneworld with an anisotropic brane is studied. The Friedmann equations and their solutions are obtained for two branches of anisotropic DGP model. The late time behavior in DGP cosmology is examined in the presence of anisotropy which shows that universe enters a self-accelerating phase much later compared to the isotropic case. The acceleration conditions and slow-roll conditions for inflation are obtained.
Starobinsky-Like Inflation in Dilaton-Brane Cosmology
Ellis, John; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V
2014-01-01
We discuss how Starobinsky-like inflation may emerge from dilaton dynamics in brane cosmology scenarios based on string theory, in which our universe is represented as a three-brane. The effective potential may acquire a constant term from a density of effectively point-like non-pertubative defects on the brane. Higher-genus corrections generate corrections to the effective potential that are exponentially damped at large field values, as in the Starobinsky model, but at a faster rate, leading to a smaller prediction for the tensor-to scalar perturbation ratio r. This may be compensated partially by logarithmic deformations on the world-sheet due to recoil of the defects due to scattering by string matter on the brane, which tend to enhance the tensor-to-scalar ratio.
Bounded Scalar Perturbations in Bouncing Brane World Cosmologies
Maier, Rodrigo; Soares, Ivano Damião
2013-01-01
We examine the dynamics of scalar perturbations in closed Friedmann-Lema\\^itre-Robertson- Walker (FLRW) universes in the framework of Brane World theory with a timelike extra dimension. In this scenario, the unperturbed Friedmann equations contain additional terms arising from the bulk-brane interaction that implement non-singular bounces in the models with a cosmological constant and non-interacting perfect fluids. The structure of the phase-space of the models allows for two basic configurations, namely, one bounce solutions or eternal universes. Assuming that the matter content of the model is given by dust and radiation, we derive the dynamical field equations for scalar hydrodynamical perturbations considering either a conformally flat (de Sitter) bulk or a perturbed bulk. We perform a numerical analysis which can shed some light on the study of cosmological scalar perturbations in bouncing brane world models. From a mathematical point of view we show that although the bounce enhances the amplitudes of s...
A Naturally Small Cosmological Constant on the Brane?
Burgess, C P; Quevedo, Fernando
2000-01-01
There appears to be no natural explanation for the cosmological constant's small size within the framework of local relativistic field theories. We argue that the recently-discussed framework for which the observable universe is identified with a p-brane embedded within a higher-dimensional `bulk' spacetime, has special properties that may help circumvent the obstacles to this understanding. This possibility arises partly due to several unique features of the brane proposal. These are: (1) the potential such models introduce for partially breaking supersymmetry, (2) the possibility of having low-energy degrees of freedom which are not observable to us because they are physically located on a different brane, (3) the fundamental scale may be much smaller than the Planck scale. Furthermore, although the resulting cosmological constant in the scenarios we outline is naturally suppressed by weak coupling constants of gravitational strength, it need not be exactly zero, raising the possibility it could be in the r...
Perturbations on a moving D3-brane and mirage cosmology
We study the evolution of perturbations on a moving probe D3-brane coupled to a four-form field in an AdS5-Schwarzschild bulk. The unperturbed dynamics are parametrized by a conserved energy E and lead to a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) 'mirage' cosmology on the brane with a scale factor a(τ). The fluctuations about the unperturbed worldsheet are then described by a scalar field φ(τ,x-vector). We derive an equation of motion for φ, and find that in certain regimes of a the effective mass squared is negative. On an expanding Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) brane with E=0 superhorizon modes grow as a4 while subhorizon modes are stable. When the brane contracts, all modes grow. We also briefly discuss the case when E>0, BPS antibranes as well as non-BPS branes. Finally, the perturbed brane embedding gives rise to scalar perturbations in the FRW universe. We show that φ is proportional to the gauge invariant Bardeen potentials on the brane
Dark energy cosmologies for codimension-two branes
A six-dimensional universe with two branes in the 'football-shaped' geometry leads to an almost realistic cosmology. We describe a family of exact solutions with time-dependent characteristic size of internal space. After a short inflationary period the late cosmology is either of quintessence type or turns to a radiation-dominated Friedmann universe where the cosmological constant appears as a free integration constant of the solution. The radiation-dominated universe with relativistic fermions is analyzed in detail, including its dimensional reduction
Semi-Analytical Analysis of Helium Synthesis in Brane Cosmology
Fabris, J C
2003-01-01
The problem of primordial nucleosynthesis of helium in brane cosmology is studied using a semi-analytical method, where the Fermi-Dirac statistic is ignored. This semi-analytical method agrees with a more complete numerical calculation with a precision of order of 10% or better. The quadratic term for the matter density is the only source considered in the modified Einstein equations predicted by the brane configuration. This hypothesis is justified a posteriori. An agreement between theoretical and observational values for the helium abundance is obtained if the fundamental mass scale in five dimensions is of the order of $M \\sim 5\\times10^3 GeV$.
Dynamic dS/CFT correspondence using the brane cosmology
Myung, Y. S.
2001-01-01
We explore the dynamic dS/CFT correspondence using the moving domain wall(brane) approach in the brane cosmology. The bulk spacetimes are given by the Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole and the topological-de Sitter (TdS) solutions. We consider the embeddings of (Euclidean) moving domain walls into the (Euclidean) de Sitter spaces. The TdS solution is better to describe the static dS/CFT correspondence than the SdS black hole, while in the dynamic dS/CFT correspondence the SdS solution ...
Brane world cosmologies with varying speed of light
We study cosmologies in the Randall-Sundrum models, incorporating the possibility of time-varying speed of light and Newton's constant. The cosmologies with varying speed of light (VSL) were proposed by Moffat and by Albrecht and Magueijo as an alternative to inflation for solving the cosmological problems. We consider the case in which the speed of light varies with time after the radion or the scale of the extra dimension has been stabilized. We elaborate on the conditions under which the flatness problem and the cosmological constant problem can be resolved. Particularly, the VSL cosmologies may provide a possible mechanism for bringing the quantum corrections to the fine-tuned brane tensions after the SUSY breaking under control. (author)
The Fermi Paradox in the light of the Inflationary and Brane World Cosmologies
Gato-Rivera, Beatriz
2006-01-01
The Fermi Paradox is discussed in the light of the inflationary and brane world cosmologies. We conclude that some brane world cosmologies may be of relevance for the problem of civilizations spreading across our galaxy, strengthening the Fermi Paradox, but not the inflationary cosmologies, as has been proposed.
A Brane World Perspective on the Cosmological Constant and the Hierarchy Problems
Flanagan, Eanna; Jones, Nicholas; Stoica, Horace; Tye, S.-H. Henry; Wasserman, Ira
2000-01-01
We elaborate on the recently proposed static brane world scenario, where the effective 4-D cosmological constant is exponentially small when parallel 3-branes are far apart. We extend this result to a compactified model with two positive tension branes. Besides an exponentially small effective 4-D cosmological constant, this model incorporates a Randall-Sundrum-like solution to the hierarchy problem. Furthermore, the exponential factors for the hierarchy problem and the cosmological constant ...
Anisotropy in Born-Infeld brane cosmology
Haghani, Z.; Sepangi, H. R.; shahidi, S.
2011-01-01
The accelerated expansion of the universe together with its present day isotropy has posed an interesting challenge to the numerous model theories presented over the years to describe them. In this paper, we address the above questions in the context of a brane-world model where the universe is filled with a Born-Infeld matter. We show that in such a model, the universe evolves from a highly anisotropic state to its present isotropic form which has entered an accelerated expanding phase.
Nontrival cosmological constant in brane worlds with unorthodox lagrangians
In self-tuning brane-world models with extra dimensions, large contributions to the cosmological constant are absorbed into the curvature of extra dimensions and consistent with flat 4d geometry. In models with conventional Lagrangians fine-tuning is needed nevertheless to ensure a finite effective Planck mass. Here, we consider a class of models with non conventional Lagrangian in which known problems can be avoided. Unfortunately these models are found to suffer from tachyonic instabilities. An attempt to cure these instabilities leads to the prediction of a positive cosmological constant, which in turn needs a fine-tuning to be consistent with observations
Cosmological Perturbations in Brane World - Brane view v.s. Bulk view -
Soda, J; Soda, Jiro; Koyama, Kazuya
2003-01-01
First, we will study the cosmological perturbations from the brane point of view. It turns out that two types of the extra data are necessary to know the evolution of the system. To fix these data, the analysis of the bulk is needed. So, we have solved equations of motion for the bulk gravity and determined the extra data. We would like to stress that, both analysis take complementary roles to achieve this goal.
Cosmological constraints for a two brane-world system with single equation of state
Perez, Juan L; Urena-Lopez, L Arturo; 10.1063/1.3647549
2012-01-01
We present the study of two 3-brane system embedded in a 5-dimensional space-time in which the fifth dimension is compactified on a $S^{1}/Z_{2}$ orbifold. Assuming isotropic, homogeneous, and static branes, it can be shown that the dynamics of one brane is dominated by the other one when the metric coefficients have a particular form. We study the resulting cosmologies when one brane is dominated by a given single-fluid component.
Self-T-Dual Brane Cosmology and the Cosmological Constant Problem
Corradini, O; Corradini, Olindo; Rinaldi, Massimiliano
2006-01-01
We consider a codimension-one brane embedded in a gravity-dilaton bulk action, whose symmetries are compatible with T-duality along the space-like directions parallel to the brane, and the bulk time-like direction. The equations of motions in the string frame allow for a smooth background obtained by the union of two symmetric patches of AdS space. The Poincar\\'{e} invariance of the solution appears to hold independently of the value of the brane vacuum energy, through a self-tuning property of the dilaton ground state. Moreover, the effective cosmology displays a bounce, at which the scale factor does not shrink to zero. Finally, by exploiting the T-duality symmetry, we show how to construct an ever-expanding Universe, along the lines of the Pre-Big Bang scenario.
Brane cosmology from observational surveys and its comparison with standard FRW cosmology
Astashenok, Artyom V.; Elizalde, Emilio; Haro Cases, Jaume; Odintsov, Sergei D.; Yurov, Artyom V.
2013-01-01
Several dark energy models on the brane are investigated. They are compared with corresponding theories in the frame of 4d Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmology. To constrain the parameters of the models considered, recent observational data, including SNIa apparent magnitude measurements, baryon acoustic oscillation results, Hubble parameter evolution data and matter density perturbations are used. Explicit formulas of the so-called {\\it state-finder} parameters in teleparallel theories are o...
Logarithmic corrections to the FRW brane cosmology from 5d Schwarzschild-deSitter black hole
Nojiri, S; Ogushi, S; Nojiri, Shin'ichi; Odintsov, Sergei D.; Ogushi, Sachiko
2003-01-01
Thermodynamics of 5d SdS black hole is considered. Thermal fluctuations define the (sub-dominant) logarithmic corrections to black hole entropy and then to Cardy-Verlinde formula and to FRW brane cosmology. We demonstrate that logarithmic terms (which play the role of effective cosmological constant) change the behavior of 4d spherical brane in dS, SdS or Nariai bulk. In particularly, bounce Universe occurs or 4d dS brane expands to its maximum and then shrinks. The entropy bounds are also modified by next-to-leading terms. Out of braneworld context the logarithmic terms may suggest slight modification of standard FRW cosmology.
Cosmology from quantum potential in a system of oscillating branes
Sepehri, Alireza
2015-01-01
Recently, some authors proposed a new mechanism which gets rid of the big-bang singularity and shows that the age of the universe is infinite. In this paper, we will confirm their results and predict that the universe may expand and contract many times in a system of oscillating branes. In this model, first, N fundamental strings transit to N M0-anti-M0-branes. Then, M0-branes join to each other and build an M8-anti-M8 system. This system is unstable, broken and two anti-M4-branes, a compactified M4-brane, an M3-brane in additional to one M0-brane are produced. The M3-brane wraps around the compactified M4-brane and both of them oscillate between two anti-M4-branes. Our universe is located on the M3-brane and interacts with other branes by exchanging the M0-brane and some scalars in transverse directions. By wrapping of M3-brane, universe contracts and generalized uncertainty principle or GUP emerges. By oscillating the compactified M4-M3-brane and approaching to one of anti-M4-branes, one end of M3-brane glu...
Cosmology from quantum potential in brane–anti-brane system
Alireza Sepehri
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Recently, some authors removed the big-bang singularity and predicted an infinite age of our universe. In this paper, we show that the same result can be obtained in string theory and M-theory; however, the shape of universe changes in different epochs. In our mechanism, first, N fundamental string decay to N D0–anti-D0-brane. Then, D0-branes join each other, grow and form a six-dimensional brane–antibrane system. This system is unstable, broken and at present the form of four-dimensional universes, one anti-universe in addition to one wormhole are produced. Thus, there isn't any big-bang in cosmology and the universe is a fundamental string at the beginning. Also, the total age of universe contains two parts, one is related to initial age and the other corresponds to the present age of universe (ttot=tinitial+tpresent. On the other hand, the initial age of universe includes two parts, the age of fundamental string and the time of transition (tinitial=ttransition+tf-string. We observe that only in the case of (tf-string→∞, the scale factor of universe is zero and as a result, the total age of universe is infinity.
Constraining the Cosmology of the Phantom Brane using Distance Measures
Alam, Ujjaini; Sahni, Varun
2016-01-01
The phantom brane has several important distinctive features: (i) Its equation of state is phantom-like, but there is no future `big rip' singularity, (ii) the effective cosmological constant on the brane is dynamically screened, because of which the expansion rate is smaller than that in $\\Lambda$CDM at high redshifts. In this paper, we constrain the Phantom braneworld using distance measures such as Type Ia supernovae (SNeIa), Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO), and the compressed Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) data. We find that the simplest braneworld models provide a good fit to the data. For instance, BAO +SNeIa data can be accommodated by the braneworld for a large region in parameter space $0 \\leq \\Omega_l \\leq 0.6$ at $1\\sigma$. Inclusion of CMB data provides tighter constraints $\\Omega_l \\leq 0.1$. (Here $\\Omega_l$ encodes the ratio of the five and four dimensional Planck mass.) Interestingly, we find that the universe is allowed be marginally closed or open, with $-0.1 \\leq \\Omega_{\\kappa} \\leq ...
Simple inflationary models in Gauss–Bonnet brane-world cosmology
Okada, Nobuchika; Okada, Satomi
2016-06-01
In light of the recent Planck 2015 results for the measurement of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy, we study simple inflationary models in the context of the Gauss–Bonnet (GB) brane-world cosmology. The brane-world cosmological effect modifies the power spectra of scalar and tensor perturbations generated by inflation and causes a dramatic change for the inflationary predictions of the spectral index (n s) and the tensor-to-scalar ratio (r) from those obtained in the standard cosmology. In particular, the predicted r values in the inflationary models favored by the Planck 2015 results are suppressed due to the GB brane-world cosmological effect, which is in sharp contrast with inflationary scenario in the Randall–Sundrum brane-world cosmology, where the r values are enhanced. Hence, these two brane-world cosmological scenarios are distinguishable. With the dramatic change of the inflationary predictions, the inflationary scenario in the GB brane-world cosmology can be tested by more precise measurements of n s and future observations of the CMB B-mode polarization.
Brane cosmology in string/M-theory and cosmological parameters estimation
Wu, Qiang
In this dissertation, I mainly focus on two subjects: (I) highly effective and efficient parameter estimation algorithms and their applications to cosmology; and (II) the late cosmic acceleration of the universe in string/M theory. In Part I, after developing two highly successful numerical codes, I apply them to study the holographical dark energy model and ΛCMD model with curvature. By fitting these models with the most recent observations, I find various tight constraints on the parameters involved in the models. In part II, I develop the general formulas to describe orbifold branes in both string and M theories, and then systematical study the two most important issues: (1) the radion stability and radion mass; and (2) the localization of gravity, the effective 4D Newtonian potential. I find that the radion is stable and its mass is in the order of GeV, which is well above the current observational constraints. The gravity is localized on the TeV brane, and the spectra of the gravitational Kluza-Klein towers are discrete and have a mass gap of TeV. The contributions of high order Yukawa corrections to the Newtonian potential are negligible. Using the large extra dimensions, I also show that the cosmological constant can be lowered to its current observational value. Applying the formulas to cosmology, I study several models in the two theories, and find that a late transient acceleration of the universe is a generic feature of our setups.
Cosmological constraints on parameters of one-brane models with extra dimension
Iofa, Mikhail Z
2009-01-01
We study some aspects of cosmologies in 5D models with one infinite extra dimension. Matter is confined to the brane, gravity extends to the bulk. Models with positive and negative tension of the brane are considered. Cosmological evolution of the 4D world is described by warped solutions of the generalized Friedmann equation. Cosmological solutions on the brane are obtained with the input of the present-time observational cosmological parameters. We estimate the age of the Universe and abundance of ${}^4 He$ produced in primordial nucleosynthesis in different models. Using these estimates we find constraints on dimensionless combinations of the 5D gravitational scale, scale of the warp factor and coupling at the 4D curvature term in the action.
Induced cosmology on a regularized brane in six-dimensional flux compactification
Papantonopoulos, Eleftherios; Zamarias, Vassilios
2007-01-01
We consider a six-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell system compactified in an axisymmetric two-dimensional space with one capped regularized conical brane of codimension one. We study the cosmological evolution which is induced on the regularized brane as it moves in between known static bulk and cap solutions. Looking at the resulting Friedmann equation, we see that the brane cosmology at high energies is dominated by a five-dimensional rho^2 energy density term. At low energies, we obtain a Friedmann equation with a term linear to the energy density with, however, negative effective Newton's constant in the small four-brane radius limit (i.e. we obtain antigravity). We discuss ways out of this problem.
Causal Structure and Gravitational Waves in Brane World Cosmology
Ichiki, Kiyotomo; Nakamura, Kouji
2003-01-01
The causal structure of the flat brane universe of RSII type is re-investigated to clarify the boundary conditions for stochastic gravitational waves. In terms of the Gaussian normal coordinate of the brane, a singularity of the equation for gravitational waves appears in the bulk. We show that this singularity corresponds to the ``seam singularity'' which is a singular subspace on the brane universe. Based upon the causal structure, we discuss the boundary conditions for gravitational waves ...
Cosmological solutions for a two-branes system in a vacuum bulk
Perez, Juan L; Urena-Lopez, L Arturo
2013-01-01
We study the cosmology for a two branes model in a space-time of five dimensions where the extra coordinate is compactified on an orbifold. The hidden brane is filled with a real scalar field endowed with a quadratic potential that behaves as primordial dark matter field. This case is analyzed when the radion effects are negligible in comparison with the density energy; all possible solutions are found by means of a dynamical system approach.
Brane world perspective on the cosmological constant and the hierarchy problems
We elaborate on the recently proposed static brane world scenario, where the effective 4D cosmological constant is exponentially small when parallel 3-branes are far apart. We extend this result to a compactified model with two positive tension branes. In addition to an exponentially small effective 4D cosmological constant, this model incorporates a Randall-Sundrum-like solution to the hierarchy problem. Furthermore, the exponential factors for the hierarchy problem and the cosmological constant problem obey an inequality that is satisfied in nature. This inequality implies that the cosmological constant problem can be explained if the hierarchy problem is understood. The basic idea generalizes to the multibrane world scenario. We discuss models with piecewise adjustable bulk cosmological constants (to be determined by the 5-dimensional Einstein equation), a key element of the scenario. We also discuss the global structure of this scenario and clarify the physical properties of the particle (Rindler) horizons that are present. Finally, we derive a 4D effective theory in which all observers on all branes not separated by particle horizons measure the same Newton's constant and 4D cosmological constant
A 5D Holographic Dark Energy in DGP-Brane Cosmology
Farajollahi, H.; Ravanpak, A.
2016-01-01
This paper is aimed at investigating a 5D holographic dark energy in DGP-BRANE cosmology by employing a combination of Sne Ia, BAO and CMB observational data to fit the cosmological parameters in the model. We describe the dynamic of a FRW for the normal branch ($\\epsilon$ = +1) of solutions of the induced gravity brane-world model. We take the matter in 5D bulk as holographic dark energy that its holographic nature is reproduced effectively in 4D. The cosmic evolution reveals that the effect...
Black Holes in the Presence of Cosmological Constant and Large N Brane World
Luo, M; Luo, Mingxing; Zheng, Sibo
2006-01-01
Analytic form has been obtained for four-dimensional black holes with a minimal Hawking temperature in a theory with cosmological constant, dilaton and gauge fields. In general dimensions, black hole solutions are shown to exist and their asymptotic behaviors are obtained. In theories of ten dimension, N coincident D3-branes as the boundary of an $AdS_5$ space are constructed by embedding black D3-branes, with a five-dimensional compactified space of negligible size if N is large, which provide natural realizations of the Randall-Sundrum scenario. For this $AdS_{5}$ background, the cosmological constant is a higher order perturbation and its effect on the spectra of standard model fields on the branes can be calculated.
Cosmological evolution in a two-brane warped geometry model
Kumar, Sumit; SenGupta, Soumitra
2014-01-01
We study an effective 4-dimensional scalar-tensor field theory, originated from an underlying brane-bulk warped geometry, to explore the scenario of inflation. It is shown that the inflaton potential naturally emerges from the radion energy-momentum tensor which in turn results into an inflationary model of the Universe on the visible brane that is consistent with the recent results from the Planck's experiment. The dynamics of modulus stabilization from the inflaton rolling condition is demonstrated. The implications of our results in the context of recent BICEP2 results are also discussed.
Brane realization of q-theory and the cosmological constant problem
Klinkhamer, F R
2016-01-01
We discuss the cosmological constant problem using the properties of a freely-suspended two-dimensional condensed-matter film, i.e., an explicit realization of a 2D brane. The large contributions of vacuum fluctuations to the surface tension of this film are cancelled in equilibrium by the thermodynamic potential arising from the conservation law for particle number. In short, the surface tension of the film vanishes in equilibrium due to a thermodynamic identity. This 2D brane can be generalized to a 4D brane with gravity. For the 4D brane, the analogue of the 2D surface tension is the 4D cosmological constant, which is also nullified in full equilibrium. The 4D brane theory provides an alternative description of the phenomenological $q$-theory of the quantum vacuum. As for other realizations of the vacuum variable $q$, such as the 4-form field-strength realization, the main ingredient is the conservation law for the variable $q$, which makes the vacuum a self-sustained system. For a vacuum within this class...
Technically Natural Cosmological Constant From Supersymmetric 6D Brane Backreaction
Burgess, C P
2013-01-01
We provide an explicit example of a higher-dimensional model describing a non-supersymmetric spectrum of 4D particles of mass M, whose 4D geometry -- {\\em including loop effects} -- has a curvature that is of order R ~ m_KK^4/M_p^2, where m_KK is the extra-dimensional Kaluza-Klein scale and M_p is the 4D Planck constant. m_KK is stabilized and can in particular satisfy m_KK << M. The system consists of a (5+1)-dimensional model with a flux-stabilized supersymmetric bulk coupled to non-supersymmetric matter localized on a (3+1)-dimensional positive-tension brane. We use recent techniques for calculating how extra dimensions respond to changes in brane properties to show (at the classical level) that the low-energy 4D geometry is exactly flat, independent of the value of the brane tensions. Its mechanism for doing so is the transfer of stabilizing flux between the bulk and the branes. The UV completion of the model can arise at scales much larger than M, allowing the calculation of quantum effects like th...
Evolution of gravitational waves in the high-energy regime of brane-world cosmology
Hiramatsu, T; Taruya, A; Hiramatsu, Takashi; Koyama, Kazuya; Taruya, Atsushi
2004-01-01
We discuss the cosmological evolution of gravitational waves (GWs) after inflation in a brane-world cosmology embedded in five-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS_5) bulk spacetime. In a brane-world scenario, the evolution of GWs is affected by the non-standard cosmological expansion and the excitation of the Kaluza-Klein modes (KK-modes), which are significant in the high-energy regime of the universe. We numerically solve the wave equation of GWs in the Poincare coordinates of the AdS_5 spacetime. Using a plausible initial condition from inflation, we find that, while the behavior of GWs in the bulk is sensitive to the transition time from inflation to the radiation dominated epoch, the amplitude of GWs on the brane is insensitive to this time if the transition occurs early enough before horizon re-entry. As a result, the amplitude of GWs is suppressed by the excitation of KK-modes which escape from the brane into the bulk, and the effect may compensate the enhancement of the GWs by the non-standard cosmologica...
The covariant entropy bound, brane cosmology, and the null energy condition
In discussions of Bousso's Covariant Entropy Bound, the Null Energy Condition is always assumed, as a sufficient but not necessary condition which helps to ensure that the entropy on any lightsheet shall necessarily be finite. The spectacular failure of the Strong Energy Condition in cosmology has, however, led many astrophysicists and cosmologists to consider models of dark energy which violate all of the energy conditions, and indeed the current data do not completely rule out such models. The NEC also has a questionable status in brane cosmology: it is probably necessary to violate the NEC in the bulk in order to obtain a 'self-tuning' theory of the cosmological constant. In order to investigate these proposals, we modify the Karch-Randall model by introducing NEC-violating matter into AdS5 in such a way that the brane cosmological constant relaxes to zero. The entropy on lightsheets remains finite. However, we still find that the spacetime is fundamentally incompatible with the Covariant Entropy Bound machinery, in the sense that it fails the Bousso-Randall consistency condition. We argue that holography probably forbids all cosmological violations of the NEC, and that holography is in fact the fundamental physical principle underlying the cosmological version of the NEC. (author)
A 5D Holographic Dark Energy in DGP-Brane Cosmology
Farajollahi, H
2016-01-01
This paper is aimed at investigating a 5D holographic dark energy in DGP-BRANE cosmology by employing a combination of Sne Ia, BAO and CMB observational data to fit the cosmological parameters in the model. We describe the dynamic of a FRW for the normal branch ($\\epsilon$ = +1) of solutions of the induced gravity brane-world model. We take the matter in 5D bulk as holographic dark energy that its holographic nature is reproduced effectively in 4D. The cosmic evolution reveals that the effective 4D holographic dark energy behaves as quintessence while taking into account the 4D cold dark matter results in matter dominated universe followed by late time acceleration.
Cosmological evolution in a two-brane warped geometry model
Kumar, Sumit, E-mail: sumit@ctp-jamia.res.in [Center For Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India); Sen, Anjan A., E-mail: aasen@jmi.ac.in [Center For Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India); SenGupta, Soumitra, E-mail: tpssg@iacs.res.in [Department of Theoretical Physics, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata 700032 (India)
2015-07-30
We study an effective 4-dimensional scalar–tensor field theory, originated from an underlying brane–bulk warped geometry, to explore the scenario of inflation. It is shown that the inflaton potential naturally emerges from the radion energy–momentum tensor which in turn results in an inflationary model of the Universe on the visible brane that is consistent with the recent results from the Planck's experiment. The dynamics of modulus stabilization from the inflaton rolling condition is demonstrated. The implications of our results in the context of recent BICEP2 results are also discussed.
Cosmological evolution in a two-brane warped geometry model
Sumit Kumar
2015-07-01
Full Text Available We study an effective 4-dimensional scalar–tensor field theory, originated from an underlying brane–bulk warped geometry, to explore the scenario of inflation. It is shown that the inflaton potential naturally emerges from the radion energy–momentum tensor which in turn results in an inflationary model of the Universe on the visible brane that is consistent with the recent results from the Planck's experiment. The dynamics of modulus stabilization from the inflaton rolling condition is demonstrated. The implications of our results in the context of recent BICEP2 results are also discussed.
The Covariant Entropy Bound, Brane Cosmology, and the Null Energy Condition
McInnes, B
2002-01-01
In discussions of Bousso's Covariant Entropy Bound, the Null Energy Condition is always assumed, as a sufficient *but not necessary* condition which helps to ensure that the entropy on any lightsheet shall necessarily be finite. The spectacular failure of the Strong Energy Condition in cosmology has, however, led many astrophysicists and cosmologists to consider models which violate all of the energy conditions, and indeed the current data do not completely rule out such models. The NEC also has a questionable status in brane cosmology: it is probably necessary to violate the NEC in the bulk in order to obtain a "self-tuning" theory of the cosmological constant. In order to investigate these proposals, we modify the Karch-Randall model by introducing NEC-violating matter into $AdS_5$ in such a way that the brane cosmological constant relaxes to zero. The entropy on lightsheets remains finite. However, we still find that the spacetime is fundamentally incompatible with the Covariant Entropy Bound machinery, in...
Randall-Sundrum brane cosmology: modification of late-time cosmic dynamics by exotic matter
In this paper we show, through the study of concrete examples, that depending on the cosmic dynamics of the energy density of matter degrees of freedom living in the brane, Randall-Sundrum (RS) brane effects can be important not only at short distances (UV regime), but also at large cosmological scales (IR regime). Our first example relies on the study, by means of the dynamical system tools, of a toy model based in a nonlinear electrodynamics (NLED) Lagrangian. Then we show that other, less elaborated models, such as the inclusion of a scalar phantom field, and of a tachyon phantom field-trapped in the brane-produce similar results. The form of the RS correction seems to convert what would have been future attractors in general relativity into saddle points. The above 'mixing of scales' effect is distinctive only of theories that modify the right-hand side (matter part) of the Friedmann equation, so that, for instance, Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati-brane models do not show this feature.
Domination of black hole accretion in brane cosmology.
Majumdar, A S
2003-01-24
We consider the evolution of primordial black holes formed during the high energy phase of the braneworld scenario. We show that the effect of accretion from the surrounding radiation bath is dominant compared to evaporation for such black holes. This feature lasts till the onset of matter (or black hole) domination of the total energy density which could occur either in the high energy phase or later. We find that the black hole evaporation times could be significantly large even for black holes with small initial mass to survive until several cosmologically interesting eras. PMID:12570481
De Sitter brane-world, localization of gravity, and the cosmological constant
Cosmological models with a de Sitter 3-brane embedded in a 5-dimensional de Sitter spacetime (dS5) give rise to a finite 4D Planck mass similar to that in Randall-Sundrum (RS) brane-world models in anti-de Sitter 5-dimensional spacetime(AdS5). Yet, there arise a few important differences as compared to the results with a flat 3-brane or 4D Minkowski spacetime. For example, the mass reduction formula (MRF) MPl2=M(5)3lAdS as well as the relationship MPl2=MPl(4+n)n+2Ln (with L being the average size or the radius of the n extra dimensions) expected in models of product-space (or Kaluza-Klein) compactifications get modified in cosmological backgrounds. In an expanding universe, a physically relevant MRF encodes information upon the 4-dimensional Hubble expansion parameter, in addition to the length and mass parameters L, MPl, and MPl(4+n). If a bulk cosmological constant is present in the solution, then the reduction formula is further modified. With these new insights, we show that the localization of a massless 4D graviton as well as the mass hierarchy between MPl and MPl(4+n) can be explained in cosmological brane-world models. A notable advantage of having a 5D de Sitter bulk is that in this case the zero-mass wave function is normalizable, which is not necessarily the case if the bulk spacetime is anti-de Sitter. In spacetime dimensions D≥7, however, the bulk cosmological constant Λb can take either sign (Λb0). The D=6 case is rather inconclusive, in which case Λb may be introduced together with 2-form gauge field (or flux). We obtain some interesting classical gravity solutions that compactify higher-dimensional spacetime to produce a Robertson-Walker universe with de Sitter-type expansion plus one extra noncompact direction. We also show that such models can admit both an effective 4-dimensional Newton constant that remains finite and a normalizable zero-mode graviton wave function.
Brane worlds are theories with extra spatial dimensions in which ordinary matter is localized on a (3+1) dimensional submanifold. Such theories could have interesting consequences for particle physics and gravitational physics. In this essay we concentrate on the cosmological constant (CC) problem in the context of brane worlds. We show how extra-dimensional scenarios may violate Lorentz invariance in the gravity sector of the effective 4D theory, while particle physics remains unaffected. In such theories the usual no-go theorems for adjustment of the CC do not apply, and we indicate a possible explanation of the smallness of the CC. Lorentz violating effects would manifest themselves in gravitational waves travelling with a speed different from light, which can be searched for in gravitational wave experiments
Cosmological study of some S-brane solutions in M-theory
Agudelo, J A; Idarraga, A
2015-01-01
Some years ago it was observed that it is possible to describe late-time cosmic acceleration in the SM2-brane solution with hyperbolic compactification model supplemented by cold dark matter. Here we present a cosmological description of this solution but when the geometry of the internal space is plane and spherical including dark matter in the phenomenological setting. Two different but equivalent methods are used, obtaining an $4-dim$ effective model by dimensional reduction and the direct solution of the $d-dim$ field equations respectively. The main objective is to complement the study of accelerating cosmologies from M/string theories, analyzing the time evolution of the model in the pure dark energy and dark energy including cold dark matter contexts, showing that only in some cases it is marginally possible to describe late time cosmic acceleration. Additionally, under certain considerations, the cosmological scenario is analyzed for the intersections SM2$\\bot$SM2 and SM2$\\bot$SM5, which give rise to ...
Li, L X
2005-01-01
In this Letter we show that the vacuum polarization of quantum fields in an anti-de Sitter space naturally gives rise to a small but nonzero cosmological constant in a brane world living in it. To explain the extremely small ratio of mass density in the cosmological constant to the Planck mass density in our universe (\\approx 10^{-123}) as suggested by cosmological observations, all we need is a four-dimensional brane world (our universe) living in a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space with a curvature radius r_0 \\sim 10^{-3}cm and a fundamental Planck energy M_P \\sim 10^9 GeV, and a scalar field with a mass m \\sim r_0^{-1}\\sim 10^{-2}eV. Probing gravity down to a scale \\sim 10^{-3}cm, which is attainable in the near future, will provide a test of the model.
Brane-world and loop cosmology from a gravity–matter coupling perspective
We show that the effective brane-world and the loop quantum cosmology background expansion histories can be reproduced from a modified gravity perspective in terms of an f(R) gravity action plus a g(R) term non-minimally coupled with the matter Lagrangian. The reconstruction algorithm that we provide depends on a free function of the matter density that must be specified in each case and allows to obtain analytical solutions always. In the simplest cases, the function f(R) is quadratic in the Ricci scalar, R, whereas g(R) is linear. Our approach is compared with recent results in the literature. We show that working in the Palatini formalism there is no need to impose any constraint that keeps the equations second-order, which is a key requirement for the successful implementation of the reconstruction algorithm
Quantum cosmology, inflationary brane-world creation and dS/CFT correspondence
The creation of 4d de Sitter (inflationary) boundary gluing two d5 de Sitter bulks on the classical as well as on quantum level (with account of brane QFT via corresponding trace anomaly induced effective action) is discussed. Quantum effects decrease the classical de Sitter brane radius or create new de Sitter brane with even smaller radius. It is important that brane CFT may be chosen to be dual to one of 5d de Sitter bulks, making the explicit relation of de Sitter brane-world with dS/CFT correspondence. Moving (time-dependent) de Sitter brane in d5 SdS BH is considered. In the special coordinate system where brane equations look like quantum-corrected FRW equations the comparison with similar brane equations in SAdS BH bulk is done. (author)
New observational limits on dark radiation in brane-world cosmology
Sasankan, Nishanth; Mathews, Grant J; Kusakabe, Motohiko
2016-01-01
A dark radiation term arises as a correction to the energy momentum tensor in the simplest five-dimensional RS-II brane-world cosmology. In this paper we revisit the constraints on dark radiation based upon the newest results for light-element nuclear reaction rates, observed light-element abundances and the power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). Adding the effect of dark radiation during big bang nucleosynthesis alters the Friedmann expansion rate causing the nuclear reactions to freeze out at a different temperature. This changes the final light element abundances at the end of BBN. Its influence on the CMB is to change the effective expansion rate at the surface of last scattering. We find that the BBN constraint reduces the the allowed range for dark radiation to between -12.1% and +6.2% of the photon background. Combining this result with fits to the CMB power spectrum constraint, the range decreases to -6.0% to +6.2%. Thus, we find, that the ratio of dark radiation to the background to...
Cosmological expansion and contraction from Pauli exclusion principle in $M0$-branes
Sepehri, Alireza; Bamba, Kazuharu; Capozziello, Salvatore; Pincak, Richard; Pradhan, Anirudh; Rahaman, Farook; Saridakis, Emmanuel N
2016-01-01
We show that the Pauli exclusion principle in a system of $M0$-branes can give rise to the expansion and contraction of the universe which is located on an $M3$-brane. We start with a system of $M0$-branes with high symmetry, which join mutually and form pairs of $M1$-anti-$M1$-branes. The resulting symmetry breaking creates gauge fields that live on the $M1$-branes and play the role of graviton tensor modes, which induce an attractive force between the $M1$ and anti-$M1$ branes. Consequently, the gauge fields that live on the $M1$-branes, and the scalar fields which are attached symmetrically to all parts of these branes, decay to fermions that attach anti-symmetrically to the upper and lower parts of the branes, and hence the Pauli exclusion principle emerges. By closing $M1$-branes mutually, the curvatures produced by parallel spins will be different from the curvatures produced by anti-parallel spins, and this leads to an inequality between the number of degrees of freedom on the boundary surface and the ...
Bulk singularities and the effective cosmological constant for higher co-dimension branes
We study a general configuration of parallel branes having co-dimension ≥ 2 situated inside a compact d-dimensional bulk space within the framework of a scalar and flux field coupled to gravity in D dimensions, such as arises in the bosonic part of some D-dimensional supergravities. A general relation is derived which relates the induced curvature of the observable noncompact n dimensions to the asymptotic behaviour of the bulk fields near the brane positions. For compactifications down to n = D-d dimensions we explicitly solve the bulk field equations to obtain the near-brane asymptotics, and by so doing relate the n-dimensional induced curvature to physical near-brane properties. In the special case where the bulk geometry remains nonsingular (or only conically singular) at the brane positions our analysis shows that the resulting n dimensions must be flat. As an application of these results we specialize to n = 4 and D = 6 and derive a new class of solutions to chiral 6D supergravity for which the noncompact 4 dimensions have de Sitter or anti-de Sitter geometry
On avoiding cosmological oscillating behavior for S-brane solutions with diagonal metrics
Ivashchuk, V. D.; Melnikov, V. N.; Singleton, D.
2005-01-01
In certain string inspired higher dimensional cosmological models it has been conjectured that there is generic, chaotic oscillating behavior near the initial singularity -- the Kasner parameters which characterize the asymptotic form of the metric "jump" between different, locally constant values and exhibit a never-ending oscillation as one approaches the singularity. In this paper we investigate a class of cosmological solutions with form fields and diagonal metrics which have a "maximal" ...
Large-scale perturbations on the brane and the isotropy of the cosmological singularity
We present the complete set of propagation and constraint equations for the kinematic and nonlocal first order quantities which describe general linear inhomogeneous and anisotropic perturbations of a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker braneworld with vanishing cosmological constant and decompose them in the standard way into their scalar, vector and tensor contributions. A detailed analysis of the perturbation dynamics is performed using dimensionless variables that are specially tailored for the different regimes of interest; namely, the low energy general relativity regime, the high energy regime and the dark energy regime. Tables are presented for the evolution of all the physical quantities, making it easy to do a detailed comparison of the past asymptotic behavior of the perturbations of these models. We find results that exactly match those obtained in the analysis of the spatially inhomogeneous G2 braneworld cosmologies presented recently; i.e., that isotropization towards the Fb model occurs for γ>4/3
Study of branes with variable tension
Aros, Rodrigo
2016-01-01
In this work we study a brane world model with variable tension which gives rise to four dimensional cosmologies. The brane worlds obtained correspond to E\\"{o}tv\\"{o}s branes whose (internal) geometry can be casted as either a four dimensional (A)dS$_{4}$ or a standard radiation period cosmology. The matter dominated period is discussed as well.
Setare, M R; Setare, Mohammad R.; Vagenas, Elias C.
2004-01-01
The semiclassical corrections to the Cardy-Verlinde entropy of a five-dimensional Schwarzschild de-Sitter black hole (SdS_5) are explicitly evaluated. These corrections are considered within the context of KKW analysis and arise as a result of the self-gravitation effect. In addition, a four-dimensional spacelike brane is considered as the boundary of the SdS_5 bulk background. It is already known that the induced geometry of the brane is exactly given by that of a radiation-dominated FRW universe. By exploiting the CFT/FRW-cosmology relation, we derive the self-gravitational corrections to the first Friedmann-like equation which is the equation of the brane motion. The additional term that arises due to the semiclassical analysis can be viewed as stiff matter where the self-gravitational corrections act as the source for it. This result is contrary to standard analysis that regards the charge of SdS_5 bulk black hole as the source for stiff matter. Furthermore, we rewrite the Friedmann-like equation in a suc...
Inflation in Brane World Gravity
Banerjee, Argha
2015-01-01
We study the inflationary dynamics in Brane World gravity and look for observational signatures of any deviation from the standard General Relativity based results of Cosmological Perturbation Theory. We first review the standard paradigm of General Relativity based inflationary dynamics and cosmological perturbation theory and then go on to review Brane World gravity. Finally we look at the high energy corrections for some chosen models and compare the results with the Planck and WMAP (9 year) data. Then we make a summary of our results and point out certain interesting features of Brane World gravity based calculations and infer it's implications on Brane World gravity itself.
We discuss features of the brane cosmological evolution that arise through the presence of matter in the bulk. As these deviations from the conventional evolution are not associated with some observable matter component on the brane, we characterize them as mirage effects. We review an example of expansion that can be attributed to mirage nonrelativistic matter (mirage cold dark matter) on the brane. The real source of the evolution is an anisotropic bulk fluid with negative pressure along the extra dimension. We also study the general problem of exchange of real nonrelativistic matter between the brane and the bulk, and discuss the related mirage effects. Finally, we derive the brane cosmological evolution within a bulk that contains a global monopole (hedgehog) configuration. This background induces a mirage curvature term in the effective Friedmann equation, which can cause a brane universe with positive spatial curvature to expand forever
Apostolopoulos, P S; Saridakis, E N; Tetradis, N; Apostolopoulos, Pantelis S.; Brouzakis, Nikolaos; Saridakis, Emmanuel N.; Tetradis, Nikolaos
2005-01-01
We discuss features of the brane cosmological evolution that arise through the presence of matter in the bulk. As these deviations from the conventional evolution are not associated with some observable matter component on the brane, we characterize them as mirage effects. We review an example of expansion that can be attributed to mirage non-relativistic matter (mirage cold dark matter) on the brane. The real source of the evolution is an anisotropic bulk fluid with negative pressure along the extra dimension. We also study the general problem of exchange of real non-relativistic matter between the brane and the bulk, and discuss the related mirage effects. Finally, we derive the brane cosmological evolution within a bulk that contains a global monopole (hedgehog) configuration. This background induces a mirage curvature term in the effective Friedmann equation, which can cause a brane Universe with positive spatial curvature to expand forever.
Brane collisions in anti-de Sitter space
Neronov, Andrey
2001-01-01
From the requirement of continuous matching of bulk metric around the point of brane collision we derive a conservation law for collisions of p-branes in (p+2)-dimensional space-time. This conservation law relates energy densities on the branes before and after the collision. Using this conservation law we are able to calculate the amount of matter produced in the collision of orbifold-fixed brane with a bulk brane in the ``ekpyrotic/pyrotechnic type'' models of brane cosmologies.
Sahni, Varun
2016-07-01
The Phantom brane is based on the normal branch of the DGP braneworld. It possesses a phantom-like equation of state at late times, but no big-rip future singularity. In this braneworld, the cosmological constant is dynamically screened at late times. Consequently it provides a good fit to SDSS DR11 measurements of H(z) at high redshifts. We obtain a closed system of equations for scalar perturbations on the brane. Perturbations of radiation, matter and the Weyl fluid are self-consistently evolved until the present epoch. We find that the late time growth of density perturbations on the brane proceeds at a faster rate than in ΛCDM. Additionally, the gravitational potentials φ, Ψ evolve differently on the brane than in ΛCDM, for which φ = Ψ. On the Brane, by contrast, the ratio φ/Ψ exceeds unity during the late matter dominated epoch (z ≤ 50). These features emerge as smoking gun tests of phantom brane cosmology and allow predictions of this scenario to be tested against observations of galaxy clustering and large scale structure. The phantom brane also displays a pole in its equation of state, which provides a key test of this dark energy model.
Apostolopoulos, Pantelis S; Brouzakis, Nikolaos; Saridakis, Emmanuel N.; Tetradis, Nikolaos
2005-01-01
We discuss features of the brane cosmological evolution that arise through the presence of matter in the bulk. As these deviations from the conventional evolution are not associated with some observable matter component on the brane, we characterize them as mirage effects. We review an example of expansion that can be attributed to mirage non-relativistic matter (mirage cold dark matter) on the brane. The real source of the evolution is an anisotropic bulk fluid with negative pressure along t...
We search for time-dependent solutions for the 5-dimensional system of a scalar field canonically coupled to gravity. Time-independent and time-dependent scalar field configurations with the most general homogeneous and isotropic 4D metric are considered. For the case of time-independent scalar field, the time evolution of the scale factor is obtained for different values of the spatial curvature k=0,±1. In the case of time-dependent scalar field, two classes of solutions are discussed and an extension of the superpotential formalism is proposed
Randall-Sundrum model with {lambda}<0 and bulk brane viscosity
Lepe, Samuel [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4950, Valparaiso (Chile); Pena, Francisco [Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Facultad de Ingenieria, Ciencias y Administracion, Universidad de la Frontera, Avda. Francisco Salazar 01145, Casilla 54-D, Temuco (Chile); Saavedra, Joel [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4950, Valparaiso (Chile)], E-mail: joel.saavedra@ucv.cl
2008-04-17
We study the effect of the inclusion of bulk brane viscosity on brane world (BW) cosmology in the framework of the Eckart's theory, we focus in the Randall-Sundrum model with negative tension on the brane.
Gravity on codimension 2 brane worlds
Navarro, Ignacio; /Durham U., IPPP; Santiago, Jose; /Durham U., IPPP /Fermilab
2004-11-01
The authors compute the matching conditions for a general thick codimension 2 brane, a necessary previous step towards the investigation of gravitational phenomena in co-dimension 2 braneworlds. They show that, provided the brane is weakly curved, they are specified by the integral in the extra dimensions of the brane energy-momentum, independently of its detailed internal structure. These general matching conditions can then be used as boundary conditions for the bulk solution. By evaluating Einstein equations at the brane boundary they are able to write an evolution equation for the induced metric on the brane depending only on physical brane parameters and the bulk energy-momentum tensor. They particularize to a cosmological metric and show that a realistic cosmology can be obtained in the simplest case of having just a non-zero cosmological constant in the bulk. They point out several parallelisms between this case and the codimension 1 brane worlds in an AdS space.
Phenomenological aspects of D-branes
A general overview is presented on string phenomenology, emphasizing the role played by D-branes. A general discussion of the main challenges for string phenomenology is followed by recent progress made in constructing realistic models from D-branes and anti-branes at singularities and also from intersecting D-branes. Some possible cosmological implications of these classes of string models are also mentioned. (author)
A brane universe moving in a curved higher dimensional bulk space is considered. The motion induces a cosmological evolution on the universe brane that is indistinguishable from a similar one induced by matter density on the brane. The phenomenological implications of such an idea are discussed. Various mirage energy densities are found, corresponding to dilute matter driving the cosmological expansion, many having superluminal properties vertical bar w vertical bar >1 or violating the positive energy condition. It is shown that energy density due to the world-volume fields is nicely incorporated into the picture. It is also pointed out that the initial singularity problem is naturally resolved in this context. (author)
Self-tuning and de Sitter brane intersections in 6-dimensional brane models
We study the self-tuning of general brane junctions and brane networks on 6-dimensional space-time. For general brane junctions, there may exist one fine-tuning among the brane tensions. For the brane networks, similar to the 5-dimensional self-tuning brane models, the brane tensions can be set arbitrarily and there exists a singularity for the metric and bulk scalar. If we want to regularize the singularity, we will introduce fine-tuning among the brane tensions. In addition, because the 4-dimensional cosmological constant we observe may be positive and very small, we discuss the brane network with de Sitter brane intersections by introducing a bulk scalar. (orig.)
T-branes as branes within branes
Collinucci, Andrés; Savelli, Raffaele
2015-09-01
Bound states of 7-branes known as `T-branes' have properties that defy usual geometric intuition. For instance, the gauge group of n coincident branes may not be U( n). More surprisingly, matter may show up at unexpected loci, such as points.
Brane inflation in the background of D-brane with NS B field
We study the cosmological evolution of the four-dimensional universe on the probe D3-brane in geodesic motion in the curved background of the source Dp-brane with non-zero NS B field. The Friedman equations describing the expansion of the brane universe are obtained and analyzed for various limits. We elaborate on corrections to the cosmological evolution due to nonzero NS B field. (author)
T-branes as branes within branes
Collinucci, Andres
2014-01-01
Bound states of 7-branes known as 'T-branes' have properties that defy usual geometric intuition. For instance, the gauge group of n coincident branes may not be U(n). Also, charged matter may not show up at the intersection between two branes, but might be localized at some unexpected curve, or even at a point. By analyzing T-branes of perturbative type IIB string theory in the tachyon condensation picture we gain the following insights: In a large class of models, the tachyon can be diagonalized even though the worldvolume Higgs cannot. In those cases, we see the structure of these bound states more manifestly, thereby drastically simplifying analysis of gauge groups and spectra. Whenever the tachyon is not diagonalizable, matter localizes at unexpected loci, and we find that there is a lower-dimensional brane bound to the 7-brane.
Bergshoeff, Eric A., E-mail: E.A.Bergshoeff@rug.nl [Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Marrani, Alessio, E-mail: Alessio.Marrani@cern.ch [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Riccioni, Fabio, E-mail: Fabio.Riccioni@roma1.infn.it [INFN Sezione di Roma, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' La Sapienza' , Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy)
2012-08-01
We complete the classification of half-supersymmetric branes in toroidally compactified IIA/IIB string theory in terms of representations of the T-duality group. As a by-product we derive a last wrapping rule for the space-filling branes. We find examples of T-duality representations of branes in lower dimensions, suggested by supergravity, of which none of the component branes follow from the reduction of any brane in ten-dimensional IIA/IIB string theory. We discuss the constraints on the charges of half-supersymmetric branes, determining the corresponding T-duality and U-duality orbits.
An extensive first part on a wealth of observational results relevant to cosmology lays the foundation for the second and central part of the book; the chapters on general relativity, the various cosmological theories, and the early universe. The authors present in a complete and almost non-mathematical way the ideas and theoretical concepts of modern cosmology including the exciting impact of high-energy particle physics, e.g. in the concept of the ''inflationary universe''. The final part addresses the deeper implications of cosmology, the arrow of time, the universality of physical laws, inflation and causality, and the anthropic principle
Rubakov, V A
2014-01-01
In these lectures we first concentrate on the cosmological problems which, hopefully, have to do with the new physics to be probed at the LHC: the nature and origin of dark matter and generation of matter-antimatter asymmetry. We give several examples showing the LHC cosmological potential. These are WIMPs as cold dark matter, gravitinos as warm dark matter, and electroweak baryogenesis as a mechanism for generating matter-antimatter asymmetry. In the remaining part of the lectures we discuss the cosmological perturbations as a tool for studying the epoch preceeding the conventional hot stage of the cosmological evolution.
Some aspects of the role of p-branes in non-perturbative superstring theory and M-theory are reviewed. It is then shown how the Chern-Simons terms in D = 10 and D = 11 supergravity theories determine which branes can end on which, i.e. the 'brane-boundary rules'. (orig.)
Karasik, D; Karasik, David; Davidson, Aharon
2003-01-01
Geodetic brane gravity treats the universe as an extended object evolving geodetically within a higher dimensional flat background. In this paper we derive the quadratic Hamiltonian of the brane by introducing a new pair of canonical fields $\\lambda,P_{\\lambda}$. This causes second class constraints to enter the game, and calls for the use of Dirac Brackets. The algebra of first class constraints is calculated, and the BRST generator of the brane universe is of rank 1. The Einstein case, associated with $\\lambda$ being a vanishing (degenerate) eigenvalue, can be treated only as a limiting case. At the quantum level, the road is open for canonical quantization, or functional integral quantization. The main advantages of GBG are: It contains an intrinsic, geometrically originated 'dark matter' components. It contains an intrinsic solution to the 'problem of time' with the aid of the 'bulk' time coordinate. It enables calculation of meaningful probabilities within quantum cosmology without any additional scalar ...
Maartens Roy
2004-01-01
Full Text Available The observable universe could be a 1+3-surface (the "brane" embedded in a 1+3+$d$-dimensional spacetime (the "bulk", with Standard Model particles and fields trapped on the brane while gravity is free to access the bulk. At least one of the $d$ extra spatial dimensions could be very large relative to the Planck scale, which lowers the fundamental gravity scale, possibly even down to the electroweak ($sim$TeV level. This revolutionary picture arises in the framework of recent developments in M theory. The 1+10-dimensional M theory encompasses the known 1+9-dimensional superstring theories, and is widely considered to be a promising potential route to quantum gravity. General relativity cannot describe gravity at high enough energies and must be replaced by a quantum gravity theory, picking up significant corrections as the fundamental energy scale is approached. At low energies, gravity is localized at the brane and general relativity is recovered, but at high energies gravity "leaks" into the bulk, behaving in a truly higher-dimensional way. This introduces significant changes to gravitational dynamics and perturbations, with interesting and potentially testable implications for high-energy astrophysics, black holes and cosmology. Brane-world models offer a phenomenological way to test some of the novel predictions and corrections to general relativity that are implied by M theory. This review discusses the geometry, dynamics and perturbations of simple brane-world models for cosmology and astrophysics, mainly focusing on warped 5-dimensional brane-worlds based on the Randall-Sundrum models.
Nucleation of (4)R brane universes
The creation of brane universes induced by a totally antisymmetric tensor living in a fixed background spacetime is presented, where a term involving the intrinsic curvature of the brane is considered. A canonical quantum mechanical approach employing the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is used. The probability nucleation for the brane is calculated by means of the corresponding instanton and the WKB approximation. Some cosmological implications from the model are presented
Nucleation of {sup (4)}R brane universes
Cordero, Ruben [Departamento de FIsica, Escuela Superior de FIsica y Matematicas del IPN, Unidad Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Edificio 9, 07738 Mexico, DF (Mexico); Rojas, EfraIn [Facultad de FIsica e Inteligencia Artificial, Universidad Veracruzana, Sebastian Camacho 5, Xalapa, Veracruz, 91000 (Mexico)
2004-09-07
The creation of brane universes induced by a totally antisymmetric tensor living in a fixed background spacetime is presented, where a term involving the intrinsic curvature of the brane is considered. A canonical quantum mechanical approach employing the Wheeler-DeWitt equation is used. The probability nucleation for the brane is calculated by means of the corresponding instanton and the WKB approximation. Some cosmological implications from the model are presented.
Frolov, Valeri P
2010-01-01
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that in models with large extra dimensions under special conditions one can extract information from the interior of 4D black holes. For this purpose we study an induced geometry on a test brane in the background of a higher dimensional static black string or a black brane. We show that at the intersection surface of the test brane and the bulk black string/brane the induced metric has an event horizon, so that the test brane contains a black hole. We call it a brane hole. When the test brane moves with a constant velocity V with respect to the bulk black object it also has a brane hole, but its gravitational radius r_e is greater than the size of the bulk black string/brane r_0 by the factor (1-V^2)^{-1}. We show that bulk `photon' emitted in the region between r_0 and r_e can meet the test brane again at a point outside r_e. From the point of view of observers on the test brane the events of emission and capture of the bulk `photon' are connected by a spacelike curve ...
Gutperle, M; Gutperle, Michael; Strominger, Andrew
2002-01-01
Scalar field theories with appropriate potentials in Minkowski space can have time-dependent classical solutions containing topological defects which correspond to S-branes - i.e. branes all of whose tangential dimensions are spacelike. It is argued that such S-branes arise in string theory as time-dependent solutions of the worldvolume tachyon field of an unstable D-brane or D-brane-anti-D-brane pair. Using the known coupling of the spacetime RR fields to the worldvolume tachyon it is shown that these S-branes carry a charge, defined as the integral of a RR field strength over a sphere (containing a time as well as spatial dimensions) surrounding the S-brane. This same charge is carried by SD-branes, i.e. Dirichlet branes arising from open string worldsheet conformal field theories with a Dirichlet boundary condition on the timelike dimension. The corresponding SD-brane boundary state is constructed. Supergravity solutions carrying the same charges are also found for a few cases.
Newton's law in de Sitter brane
Newton potential has been evaluated for the case of dS brane embedded in Minkowski, dS5 and AdS5 bulks. We point out that only the AdS5 bulk might be consistent with the Newton's law from the brane-world viewpoint when we respect a small cosmological constant observed at present universe
Soliton models for thick branes
Peyravi, Marzieh; Riazi, Nematollah; Lobo, Francisco S. N.
2016-05-01
In this work, we present new soliton solutions for thick branes in 4+1 dimensions. In particular, we consider brane models based on the sine-Gordon (SG), φ 4 and φ 6 scalar fields, which have broken Z2 symmetry in some cases and are responsible for supporting and stabilizing the thick branes. The origin of the symmetry breaking in these models resides in the fact that the modified scalar field potential may have non-degenerate vacua. These vacua determine the cosmological constant on both sides of the brane. We also study the geodesic equations along the fifth dimension, in order to explore the particle motion in the neighborhood of the brane. Furthermore, we examine the stability of the thick branes, by determining the sign of the w^2 term in the expansion of the potential for the resulting Schrödinger-like equation, where w is the five-dimensional coordinate. It turns out that the φ ^4 brane is stable, while there are unstable modes for certain ranges of the model parameters in the SG and φ ^6 branes.
Brane-world generalizations of the Einstein static universe
A static Friedmann brane in a five-dimensional bulk (Randall-Sundrum-type scenario) can have a very different relation between the density, pressure, curvature and cosmological constant than in the case of the general relativistic Einstein static universe. In particular, static Friedmann branes with zero cosmological constant and 3-curvature, but satisfying ρ > 0 and ρ + 3p > 0, are possible. Furthermore, we find static Friedmann branes in a bulk that satisfies the Einstein equations but is not Schwarzschild-anti-de Sitter or its specializations. In the models with negative bulk cosmological constant, a positive brane tension leads to negative density and 3-curvature
Brane collisions in anti-de Sitter space
From the requirement of continuous matching of bulk metric around the point of brane collision we derive a conservation law for collisions of p-branes in (p+2)-dimensional space-time. This conservation law relates energy densities on the branes before and after the collision. Using this conservation law we are able to calculate the amount of matter produced in the collision of orbifold-fixed brane with a bulk brane in the 'ekpyrotic/pyrotechnic type' models of brane cosmologies. (author)
Holographic Cosmic Quintessence on Dilatonic Brane World
Chen, B; Chen, Bin; Lin, Feng-Li
2002-01-01
Recently quintessence is proposed to explain the observation data of supernova indicating a time-varying cosmological constant and accelerating universe. Inspired by this and its mysterious origin, we look for the possibility of quintessence as the holographic dark matters dominated in the late time in the brane world scenarios. We consider both the cases of static and moving brane in a dilaton gravity background. For the static brane we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method to study the intrinsic FRW cosmology on the brane and find out the constraint on the bulk potential for the quintessence. We find the similar constraint for the moving brane cases and that the quintessence on it has the effect as a mildly time-varying Newton constant.
Null geodesics in brane world universe
We study null bulk geodesic motion in the brane world cosmology in the RS2 scenario and in the static universe in the bulk of the charged topological AdS black hole. We obtain equations describing the null bulk geodesic motion as observed in one lower dimensions. We find that the null geodesic motion in the bulk of the brane world cosmology in the RS2 scenario is observed to be under the additional influence of extra non-gravitational force by the observer on the three-brane, if the brane universe does not possess the Z2 symmetry. As for the null geodesic motion in the static universe in the bulk of the charged AdS black hole, the extra force is realized even when the brane universe has the Z2 symmetry. (author)
Soliton models for thick branes
Peyravi, Marzieh; Lobo, Francisco S N
2015-01-01
In this work, we present new soliton solutions for thick branes in $4+1$ dimensions. In particular, we consider brane models based on the sine-Gordon ($SG$), $\\varphi^{4}$ and $\\varphi^{6}$ scalar fields, which have broken $Z_{2}$ symmetry in some cases, and are responsible for supporting and stabilizing the thick branes. The origin of the symmetry breaking in these models resides in the fact that the modified scalar field potential may have non-degenerate vacuua. These vacuua determine the cosmological constant on both sides of the brane. We also study the geodesic equations along the fifth dimension, in order to explore the particle motion in the neighbourhood of the brane. Furthermore, we examine the stability of the thick branes, by determining the sign of the $w^2$ term in the expansion of the potential for the resulting Schrodinger-like equation, where $w$ is the 5-dimensional coordinate. It turns out that the $\\phi^4$ brane is stable, while there are unstable modes for certain ranges of the model param...
Bazeia, D
2004-01-01
We investigate a system described by two real scalar fields coupled with gravity in (4, 1) dimensions in warped spacetime involving one extra dimension. The results show that the parameter which controls the way the two scalar fields interact induces the appearence of thick brane which engenders internal structure, driving the energy density to localize inside the brane in a very specific way.
Bergshoeff, E. A.; Lozano, Y.; Ortín, Tomas
1997-01-01
Published in: Nucl. Phys. B 518 (1998) 363-423 citations recorded in [Science Citation Index] Abstract: We investigate the effective worldvolume theories of branes in a background given by (the bosonic sector of) 10-dimensional massive IIA supergravity (``massive branes'') and their M-theoretic orig
The study of braneworlds has been an area of intense activity over the past decade, with thousands of papers being written, and many important technical advances being made. This book focuses on a particular aspect of braneworlds, namely perturbative gravity in one specific model: the Randall-Sundrum model. The book starts with an overview of the Randall-Sundrum model, discussing anti-de Sitter (AdS) space and the Israel equations in some detail. It then moves on to discuss cosmological branes, focusing on branes with constant curvature. The book then turns to brane gravity, i.e. what do we, as brane observers, perceive the gravitational interaction to be on the brane as derived from the actual five-dimensional gravitational physics? After a derivation of the general brane equations from the Israel equations, the remainder of the book deals with perturbative gravity. This part of the book is extremely detailed, with calculations given explicitly. Overall, the book is quite pedagogical in style, with the aim being to explain in detail the topics it chooses to cover. While it is not unusual to have books written on current and extremely popular research areas, it is unusual to have calculations written so explicitly. This is both a strength and a weakness of this book. It is a strength because the calculations are presented in a detail that students learning the topic will definitely appreciate; however, the narrow focus of the book also means that it lacks perspective and fails to present the broader context. In choosing to focus on one particular aspect of Randall-Sundrum branes, the book has not managed to communicate why a large number of theorists have worked so intensively on this model. In its early stages, the explicit detail of the Randall-Sundrum model would be extremely useful for a student starting out in this research area. In addition, the calculational detail later in the computation of the graviton propagator on the brane would also be welcome not
Viña, Andrés
2015-01-01
Given a Calabi-Yau manifold $X$ acted by a group $G$ and considering the $B$-branes on $X$ as objects in the derived category of coherent sheaves, we give a definition of equivariant branes, which generalizes the concept of equivariant sheaves. We also propose a definition of equivariant charge of an equivariant brane. The spaces of strings joining the branes ${\\mathcal F}$ and ${\\mathcal G}$, are the groups $Ext^i({\\mathcal F},\\,{\\mathcal G})$. We prove that the spaces of strings between two $G$-equivariant branes support representations of $G$. Thus, these spaces can be decomposed in direct sum of invariant spaces for the $G$-action. We show some particular decompositions, when $X$ is a toric variety and when $X$ is a flag manifold of a semisimple Lie group.
Brane plus Bulk Supersymmetry in Ten Dimensions
Bergshoeff, E A; Ortín, Tomas; Roest, D; Van Proeyen, A
2001-01-01
We discuss a generalized form of IIA/IIB supergravity depending on all R-R potentials C^(p) (p=0,1,...,9) as the effective field theory of Type IIA/IIB superstring theory. For the IIA case we explicitly break this R-R democracy to either p=5 which allows us to write a new bulk action that can be coupled to N=1 supersymmetric brane actions. The case of 8-branes is studied in detail using the new bulk & brane action. The supersymmetric negative tension branes without matter excitations can be viewed as orientifolds in the effective action. These D8-branes and O8-planes are fundamental in Type I' string theory. A BPS 8-brane solution is given which satisfies the jump conditions on the wall. As an application of our results we derive a quantization of the mass parameter and the cosmological constant in string units.
No Swiss-cheese universe on the brane
We study the possibility of brane-world generalization of the Einstein-Straus Swiss-cheese cosmological model. We find that the modifications induced by the brane-world scenario are excessively restrictive. At a first glance only the motion of the boundary is modified and the fluid in the exterior region is allowed to have pressure. The general relativistic Einstein-Straus model emerges in the low density limit. However by imposing that the central mass in the Schwarzschild voids is constant, a combination of the junction conditions and modified cosmological evolution leads to the conclusion that the brane is flat. Thus no generic Swiss-cheese universe can exist on the brane. The conclusion is not altered by the introduction of a cosmological constant in the FLRW regions. This shows that although allowed in the low density limit, the Einstein-Straus universe cannot emerge from cosmological evolution in the brane-world scenario
Koivisto, Tomi Sebastian
2013-01-01
A novel generalisation of the Dirac-Born-Infeld string scenario is described. It is shown that matter residing on the moving brane is dark and has the so-called disformal coupling to gravity. This gives rise to cosmologies where dark matter stems from the oscillations of the open strings along the brane and the transverse oscillations result in dark energy. Furthermore, due to a new screening mechanism that conceals the fifth force from local experiments, one may even entertain the possibility that the visible sector is also moving along the extra dimensions.
Can we live on a D-brane? -- Effective theory on a self-gravitating D-brane --
Shiromizu, T; Onda, S; Torii, T; Torii, Takashi
2003-01-01
We consider a D-brane coupled with gravity in type IIB supergravity on S^5 and derive the effective theory on the D-brane in two different ways, that is, holographic and geometrical projection methods. We find that the effective equations on the brane obtained by these methods coincide. The theory on the D-brane described by the Born-Infeld action is not like Einstein-Maxwell theory in the lower order of the gradient expansion, i.e., the Maxwell field does not appear in the theory. Thus the careful analysis and statement for cosmology on self-gravitating D-brane should be demanded in realistic models.
Thick brane solitons breaking $Z_2$ symmetry
Peyravi, Marzieh; Lobo, Francisco S N
2015-01-01
New soliton solutions for thick branes in 4 + 1 dimensions are considered in this article. In particular, brane models based on the sine-Gordon (SG), $\\varphi^{4}$ and $\\varphi^{6}$ scalar fields are investigated; in some cases $Z_{2}$ symmetry is broken. Besides, these soliton solutions are responsible for supporting and stabilizing the thick branes. In these models, the origin of the symmetry breaking resides in the fact that the modified scalar field potential may have non-degenerate vacuua and these non-degenerate vacuua determine the cosmological constant on both sides of the brane. At last, in order to explore the particle motion in the neighborhood of the brane, the geodesic equations along the fifth dimension are studied.
Quantum billiards in multidimensional models with branes
Ivashchuk, V. D.; Melnikov, V. N.
2013-01-01
A gravitational D -dimensional model with l scalar fields and several forms is considered. When a cosmological-type diagonal metric is chosen, an electromagnetic composite brane ansatz is adopted and certain restrictions on the branes are imposed; the conformally covariant Wheeler–DeWitt (WDW) equation for the model is studied. Under certain restrictions asymptotic solutions to WDW equation are found in the limit of the formation of the billiard walls which reduce the problem to the so-called...
Kogan, I I; Kogan, Ian I.; Reis, Nuno B.B.
2001-01-01
We add a simple boundary term to the Polyakov action and construct a new class of D-branes with a single null direction. On the string world-sheet the system is described by a single quantized left-mode sector of a conformal field theory. By a Wick rotation of spacetime, we map open strings attached to these branes into chiral closed strings. We suggest that these so-called H-branes describe quantum horizons - black hole, cosmological (de-Sitter), etc. We show how one can get a space/phase space transmutation near the horizon and discuss the new features of boundary states which become squeezed states.
Bergshoeff, E A; Townsend, P K; Bergshoeff, Eric A.; Gibbons, Gary W.; Townsend, Paul K.
2006-01-01
We show how, in heterotic M-theory, an M5-brane in the 11-dimensional bulk may end on an ``M9-brane'' boundary, the M5-brane boundary being a Yang monopole 4-brane. This possibility suggests various novel 5-brane configurations of heterotic M-theory, in particular a static M5-brane suspended between the two M9-brane boundaries, for which we find the asymptotic heterotic supergravity solution.
Braneworld cosmological models with anisotropy
For a cosmological Randall-Sundrum braneworld with anisotropy, i.e., of Bianchi type, the modified Einstein equations on the brane include components of the five-dimensional Weyl tensor for which there are no evolution equations on the brane. If the bulk field equations are not solved, this Weyl term remains unknown, and many previous studies have simply prescribed it as ad hoc. We construct a family of Bianchi braneworlds with anisotropy by solving the five-dimensional field equations in the bulk. We analyze the cosmological dynamics on the brane, including the Weyl term, and shed light on the relation between anisotropy on the brane and the Weyl curvature in the bulk. In these models, it is not possible to achieve geometric anisotropy for a perfect fluid or scalar field - the junction conditions require anisotropic stress on the brane. But the solutions can isotropize and approach a Friedmann brane in an anti-de Sitter bulk
Braneworld cosmological models with anisotropy
Campos, Antonio; Maartens, Roy; Matravers, David; Sopuerta, Carlos F.
2003-11-01
For a cosmological Randall-Sundrum braneworld with anisotropy, i.e., of Bianchi type, the modified Einstein equations on the brane include components of the five-dimensional Weyl tensor for which there are no evolution equations on the brane. If the bulk field equations are not solved, this Weyl term remains unknown, and many previous studies have simply prescribed it as ad hoc. We construct a family of Bianchi braneworlds with anisotropy by solving the five-dimensional field equations in the bulk. We analyze the cosmological dynamics on the brane, including the Weyl term, and shed light on the relation between anisotropy on the brane and the Weyl curvature in the bulk. In these models, it is not possible to achieve geometric anisotropy for a perfect fluid or scalar field—the junction conditions require anisotropic stress on the brane. But the solutions can isotropize and approach a Friedmann brane in an anti de Sitter bulk.
Braneworld cosmological models with anisotropy
Campos, A; Matravers, D; Sopuerta, C F; Campos, Antonio; Maartens, Roy; Matravers, David; Sopuerta, Carlos F.
2003-01-01
For a cosmological Randall-Sundrum braneworld with anisotropy, i.e., of Bianchi type, the modified Einstein equations on the brane include components of the five-dimensional Weyl tensor for which there are no evolution equations on the brane. If the bulk field equations are not solved, this Weyl term remains unknown, and many previous studies have simply prescribed it ad hoc. We construct a family of Bianchi braneworlds with anisotropy by solving the five-dimensional field equations in the bulk. We analyze the cosmological dynamics on the brane, including the Weyl term, and shed light on the relation between anisotropy on the brane and Weyl curvature in the bulk. In these models, it is not possible to achieve geometric anisotropy for a perfect fluid or scalar field -- the junction conditions require anisotropic stress on the brane. But the solutions can isotropize and approach a Friedmann brane in an anti-de Sitter bulk.
Holographic Cosmology from BIonic Solutions
Sepehri, Alireza; Setare, Mohammad Reza; Ali, Ahmed Farag
2015-01-01
In this paper, we will use a BIonic solution for analysing the holographic cosmology. A BIonic solution is a configuration of a D-brane and an anti-D-brane connected by a wormhole. A BIonic configuration can form due to a transition of fundamental black strings. After the BIon has formed, the wormhole in the BIon will act act as a channel for the energy to flow into the D3-brane. This will increase the degrees of freedom of the D3-brane causing inflation. The inflation will end when the wormhole gets annihilated. However, as the distance between the D3-brane and the anti-D3-brane reduces, tachyonic states get created. These tachyonic states will lead to the formation of a new wormhole. This new wormhole will again increasing the degrees of freedom on the D3-brane causing late time acceleration.
Warped brane worlds in critical gravity
We investigate the brane models in arbitrary dimensional critical gravity presented in Lu and Pope (Phys Rev Lett 106:181302, 2011). For the models of the thin branes with codimension one, the Gibbons-Hawking surface term and the junction conditions are derived, with which the analytical solutions for the flat, AdS, and dS branes are obtained at the critical point of the critical gravity. It is found that all these branes are embedded in an AdSn spacetime, but, in general, the effective cosmological constant Λ of the AdSn spacetime is not equal to the naked one Λ0 in the critical gravity, which can be positive, zero, and negative. Another interesting result is that the brane tension can also be positive, zero, or negative, depending on the symmetry of the thin brane and the values of the parameters of the theory, which is very different from the case in general relativity. It is shown that the mass hierarchy problem can be solved in the braneworld model in the higher-derivative critical gravity. We also study the thick brane model and find analytical and numerical solutions of the flat, AdS, and dS branes. It is found that some branes will have inner structure when some parameters of the theory are larger than their critical values, which may result in resonant KK modes for some bulk matter fields. The flat branes with positive energy density and AdS branes with negative energy density are embedded in an n-dimensional Minkowski one. (orig.)
Localizing Gravity on a 3-brane in Higher Dimensions
Gherghetta, Tony
2001-01-01
We present metric solutions in six and higher dimensions with a bulk cosmological constant, where gravity is localized on a 3-brane. The corrections to four-dimensional gravity from the bulk continuum modes are power-law suppressed. Furthermore, the introduction of a bulk ``hedgehog'' magnetic field leads to a regular geometry, and can localize gravity on the 3-brane with either positive, zero or negative bulk cosmological constant.
Graviton Kaluza Klein modes in non-flat branes with stabilised modulus
Paul, Tanmoy
2016-01-01
We consider a generalised two brane Randall Sundrum model where the branes are endowed with non-zero cosmological constant. In this scenario, we re-examine the modulus stabilisation mechanism and the nature of Kaluza Klein (KK) graviton modes. Our result reveals that while the KK mode graviton masses may change significantly with brane cosmological constant, the Goldberger-Wise stabilisation mechanism, which assumes negligible backreaction on the background metric, continues to hold even when the branes have large cosmological constant. The possibility of having a global minimum for the modulus is also discussed.
Time-Dependent AdS Backgrounds from S-Branes
Deger, Nihat Sadik
2016-01-01
We construct time and radial dependent solutions that describe p-branes in chargeless S-brane backgrounds. In particular, there are some new M5- and D3-branes among our solutions which have AdS limits and contain a cosmological singularity as well. We also find a time-dependent version of the dyonic membrane configuration in 11-dimensions by applying a Lunin-Maldacena deformation to our new M5-brane solution.
Holographic Cosmology from BIonic Solutions
Sepehri, Alireza; Faizal, Mir; Setare, Mohammad Reza; Ali, Ahmed Farag
2015-01-01
In this paper, we will use a BIonic solution for analysing the holographic cosmology. A BIonic solution is a configuration of a D-brane and an anti-D-brane connected by a wormhole. A BIonic configuration can form due to a transition of fundamental black strings. After the BIon has formed, the wormhole in the BIon will act act as a channel for the energy to flow into the D3-brane. This will increase the degrees of freedom of the D3-brane causing inflation. The inflation will end when the wormh...
Holographic cosmic quintessence on the dilatonic brane world
Chen, Bin; Lin, Feng-Li
2002-02-01
Recently quintessence has been proposed to explain the observation data of supernovae indicating a time-varying cosmological constant and accelerating universe. Inspired by this and its mysterious origin, we look for the possibility that quintessence is the holographic dark matter dominating in the late time in the brane world scenarios. We consider both the cases of a static and moving brane in a dilaton gravity background. For the static brane we use the Hamilton-Jacobi method motivated by holographic renormalization group to study the intrinsic FRW cosmology on the brane and find the constraint on the bulk potential for quintessence. This constraint requires a negative slowly varying bulk potential which implies an anti-de Sitter-like bulk geometry and could be possibly realized from higher dimensional supergravities or string theory. We find a similar constraint for the moving brane cases and that the quintessence on it has the effect of a mildly time-varying Newton constant.
Inflation on the Brane with Vanishing Gravity
Gallicchio, Jason
2010-01-01
Many existing models of brane inflation suffer from a steep irreducible gravitational potential between the branes that causes inflation to end too early. Inspired by the fact that point masses in 2+1 D exert no gravitational force, we propose a novel unwarped and non-supersymmetric setup for inflation, consisting of 3-branes in two extra dimensions compactified on a sphere. The size of the sphere is stabilized by a combination of a bulk cosmological constant and a magnetic flux. Computing the 4D effective potential between probe branes in this background, we find a non-zero contribution only from exchange of level-1 KK modes of the graviton and radion. Identifying antipodal points on the 2-sphere projects out these modes, eliminating entirely the troublesome gravitational contribution to the inflationary potential.
Revolving D-branes and spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking
Iso, Satoshi; Kitazawa, Noriaki
2015-12-01
We propose a new mechanism of spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking in the world-volume theory of revolving D-branes around a fixed point of orbifolds. In this paper, we consider a simple model of the T^6/Z_3 orbifold on which we put D3-branes, D7-branes, and their anti-branes. The configuration breaks supersymmetry, but the Ramond-Ramond tadpole cancellation conditions are satisfied. A set of three D3-branes at an orbifold fixed point can separate from the point, but, when they move perpendicular to the anti-D7-branes put on the fixed point, they are pulled back due to an attractive interaction between the D3- and anti-D7-branes. In order to stabilize the separation of the D3-branes at nonzero distance, we consider revolution of the D3-branes around the fixed point. Then the gauge symmetry on the D3-branes is spontaneously broken, and the rank of the gauge group is reduced. The distance can be set at will by appropriately choosing the angular momentum of the revolving D3-branes, which should be determined by the initial condition of the cosmological evolution of the D-brane configurations. The distance corresponds to the vacuum expectation values of brane moduli fields in the world-volume theory and, if it is written as M/M_s^2 in terms of the string scale M_s, the scale of gauge-symmetry breaking is given by M. Angular momentum conservation of revolving D3-branes assures the stability of the scale M against M_s.
Revolving D-branes and spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking
We propose a new mechanism of spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking in the world-volume theory of revolving D-branes around a fixed point of orbifolds. In this paper, we consider a simple model of the T6/Z3 orbifold on which we put D3-branes, D7-branes, and their anti-branes. The configuration breaks supersymmetry, but the Ramond–Ramond tadpole cancellation conditions are satisfied. A set of three D3-branes at an orbifold fixed point can separate from the point, but, when they move perpendicular to the anti-D7-branes put on the fixed point, they are pulled back due to an attractive interaction between the D3- and anti-D7-branes. In order to stabilize the separation of the D3-branes at nonzero distance, we consider revolution of the D3-branes around the fixed point. Then the gauge symmetry on the D3-branes is spontaneously broken, and the rank of the gauge group is reduced. The distance can be set at will by appropriately choosing the angular momentum of the revolving D3-branes, which should be determined by the initial condition of the cosmological evolution of the D-brane configurations. The distance corresponds to the vacuum expectation values of brane moduli fields in the world-volume theory and, if it is written as M/Ms2 in terms of the string scale Ms, the scale of gauge-symmetry breaking is given by M. Angular momentum conservation of revolving D3-branes assures the stability of the scale M against Ms
N-fold tensor products of a rational CFT carry an action of the permutation group SN. These automorphisms can be used as gluing conditions in the study of boundary conditions for tensor product theories. We present an ansatz for such permutation boundary states and check that it satisfies the cluster condition and Cardy's constraints. For a particularly simple case, we also investigate associativity of the boundary OPE, and find an intriguing connection with the bulk OPE. In the second part of the paper, the constructions are slightly extended for application to Gepner models. We give permutation branes for the quintic, together with some formulae for their intersections. (author)
Branes constrictions with White Dwarfs
We consider here a robust study of stellar dynamics for white dwarf stars with polytropic matter in the weak-field approximation using the Lane–Emden equation from the brane-world scenario. We also derive an analytical solution to the nonlocal energy density and show the behavior and sensitivity of these stars to the presence of extra dimensions. Similarly, we analyze stability and compactness, in order to show whether it is possible to agree with the conventional wisdom of white dwarfs dynamics. Our results predict an average value of the brane tension of <λ>≳84.818 MeV4, with a standard deviation σ≃82.021 MeV4, which comes from a sample of dwarf stars, being weaker than other astrophysical observations but remaining higher than cosmological results provided by nucleosynthesis among others
Branes constrictions with White Dwarfs
Garcia-Aspeitia, Miguel A. [Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Mexico (Mexico); Unidad Academica de Fisica, Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas (Mexico)
2015-11-15
We consider here a robust study of stellar dynamics for white dwarf stars with polytropic matter in the weak-field approximation using the Lane-Emden equation from the brane-world scenario. We also derive an analytical solution to the nonlocal energy density and show the behavior and sensitivity of these stars to the presence of extra dimensions. Similarly, we analyze stability and compactness, in order to show whether it is possible to agree with the conventional wisdom of white dwarfs dynamics. Our results predict an average value of the brane tension of left angle λ right angle >or similar 84.818 MeV{sup 4}, with a standard deviation σ ≅ 82.021 MeV{sup 4}, which comes from a sample of dwarf stars, being weaker than other astrophysical observations but remaining higher than cosmological results provided by nucleosynthesis among others. (orig.)
Branes constrictions with White Dwarfs
García-Aspeitia, Miguel A., E-mail: aspeitia@fisica.uaz.edu.mx [Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Av, Insurgentes Sur 1582, Colonia Crédito Constructor, Del. Benito Juárez, C.P. 03940, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico); Unidad Académica de Física, Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Calzada Solidaridad esquina con Paseo a la Bufa S/N, C.P. 98060, Zacatecas (Mexico)
2015-11-06
We consider here a robust study of stellar dynamics for white dwarf stars with polytropic matter in the weak-field approximation using the Lane–Emden equation from the brane-world scenario. We also derive an analytical solution to the nonlocal energy density and show the behavior and sensitivity of these stars to the presence of extra dimensions. Similarly, we analyze stability and compactness, in order to show whether it is possible to agree with the conventional wisdom of white dwarfs dynamics. Our results predict an average value of the brane tension of <λ>≳84.818 MeV{sup 4}, with a standard deviation σ≃82.021 MeV{sup 4}, which comes from a sample of dwarf stars, being weaker than other astrophysical observations but remaining higher than cosmological results provided by nucleosynthesis among others.
We extend the idea of mirage cosmology to M-theory. Considering the motion of a probe brane in the M-theory background generated by a stack of non-threshold (M2,M5) bound states, we study the cosmological evolution of the brane universe in this background. We estimate the range of r where the formalism is valid. Effective energy density on the probe brane is obtained in terms of the scale factor. Comparing the limiting case of the result with that from type IIB background, we confirm that the cosmological evolution by mirage matter is a possible scenario in the M-theory context
Bulk scalar field in DGP braneworld cosmology
Ansari, Rizwan ul Haq
2007-01-01
We investigated the effects of bulk scalar field in the braneworld cosmological scenario. The Friedmann equations and acceleration condition in presence of the bulk scalar field for a zero tension brane and cosmological constant are studied. In DGP model the effective Einstein equation on the brane is obtained with bulk scalar field. The rescaled bulk scalar field on the brane in the DGP model behaves as an effective four dimensional field, thus standard type cosmology is recovered. In present study of the DGP model, the late-time accelerating phase of the universe can be explained .
Quantum billiards in multidimensional models with branes
gravitational D-dimensional model with l scalar fields and several forms is considered. When a cosmological-type diagonal metric is chosen, an electromagnetic composite brane ansatz is adopted and certain restrictions on the branes are imposed; the conformally covariant Wheeler-DeWitt (WDW) equation for the model is studied. Under certain restrictions asymptotic solutions to WDW equation are found in the limit of the formation of the billiard walls which reduce the problem to the so-called quantum billiard on the (D+l-2)-dimensional Lobachevsky space. Two examples of quantum billiards are considered. The first one deals with 9-dimensional quantum billiard for D = 11 model with 330 four-forms which mimic space-like M2- and M5-branes of D = 11 supergravity. The second one deals with the 9-dimensional quantum billiard for D = 10 gravitational model with one scalar field, 210 four-forms and 120 three-forms which mimic space-like D2-, D4-, FS1- and NS5-branes in D = 10 IIA supergravity. It is shown that in both examples wave functions vanish in the limit of the formation of the billiard walls (i.e. we get a quantum resolution of the singularity for 11D model) but magnetic branes could not be neglected in calculations of quantum asymptotic solutions while they are irrelevant for classical oscillating behavior when all 120 electric branes are present. (orig.)
Warped Brane worlds in Critical Gravity
Zhong, Yi; Chen, Feng-Wei; Xie, Qun-Ying
2014-01-01
We investigate the brane models in arbitrary dimensional critical gravity presented in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 181302 (2011)]. For the model of the thin branes with codimension one, the Gibbons-Hawking surface term and the junction conditions are derived, with which the analytical solutions for the flat, AdS, and dS branes are obtained at the critical point of the critical gravity. It is found that all these branes are embedded in an AdS$_{n}$ spacetime, but, in general, the effective cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ of the AdS$_{n}$ spacetime is not equal to the naked one $\\Lambda_0$ in the critical gravity, which can be positive, zero, and negative. Another interesting result is that the brane tension can also be positive, zero, or negative, depending on the symmetry of the thin brane and the values of the parameters of the theory, which is very different from the case in general relativity. It is shown that the mass hierarchy problem can be solved in the higher-order braneworld model in the critical gravity....
Sakatani, Yuho
2016-01-01
We propose a novel approach to the brane worldvolume theory based on the geometry of extended field theories; double field theory and exceptional field theory. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach by showing that one can reproduce the conventional bosonic string/membrane actions, and the M5-brane action in the weak field approximation. At a glance, the proposed 5-brane action without approximation looks different from the known M5-brane actions, but it is consistent with the known non-linear self-duality relation, and it may provide a new formulation of a single M5-brane action. Actions for exotic branes are also discussed.
Quintessence and effective RN de Sitter brane geometries
Pandey, K.P.; Singh, Abhishek K.; Singh, Sunita; Kapoor, Richa; Kar, Supriya [University of Delhi, Department of Physics and Astrophysics, New Delhi (India)
2014-11-15
We revisit the effective space-time torsion curvature in a second order formalism, underlying the non-linear U(1) gauge dynamics, of a two form on a D4-brane. The formalism incorporates a significant global NS two form into the theory via its perturbative coupling to a dynamical two form. In particular we explore the non-linear gauge dynamics on a D{sub 4}-brane in the presence of a non-trivial background metric. An effective de Sitter universe is shown to emerge on a vacuum created pair of (D anti D){sub 3}-branes by a local two form at the past horizon with the Big Bang. We obtain a number of 4D de Sitter quantum black holes with and without a propagating torsion. In a low energy limit the non-perturbative correction may be seen to be insignificant. The quantum black hole undergoes an expansion in the limit and identifies with the Einstein vacuum. Interestingly our analysis reveals a plausible quintessence (axion) on an anti-D{sub 3}-brane which may source the dark energy in a D{sub 3}-brane universe. Arguably a brane universe moves away from its anti-brane due to the conjectured repulsive gravity underlying the quintessence. It leads to a growth in the extra fifth dimension between a brane and an anti-brane, which may provide a clue to an accelerating universe as observed in cosmology. (orig.)
Brane Isotropisation in Extra-Dimensional Tolman-Bondi Universe
Brax, Philippe; Nunes, Nelson J
2012-01-01
We consider the dynamics of a 3-brane embedded in an extra-dimensional Tolman-Bondi Universe where the origin of space plays a special role. The embedding is chosen such that the induced matter distribution on the brane respects the spherical symmetry of matter in the extra dimensional space. The mirage cosmology on the probe brane is studied, resulting in an inhomogeneous and anisotropic four dimensional cosmology where the origin of space is also special. We then focus on the spatial geometry around the origin and show that the induced geometry, which is initially inhomogeneous and anisotropic, converges to an isotropic and homogeneous Friedmann-Lemaitre 4d space-time. For instance, when a 3-brane is embedded in a 5d matter dominated model, the 4d dynamics around the origin converge to a Friedmann-Lemaitre Universe in a radiation dominated epoch. We analyse this isotropisation process and show that it is a late time attractor.
Cremonesi, Stefano; Seong, Rak-Kyeong
2013-01-01
We classify the first few brane tilings on a genus 2 Riemann surface and identify their toric Calabi-Yau moduli spaces. These brane tilings are extensions of tilings on the 2-torus, which represent one of the largest known classes of 4d N=1 superconformal field theories for D3-branes. The classification consists of 16 distinct genus 2 brane tilings with up to 8 quiver fields and 4 superpotential terms. The Higgs mechanism is used to relate the different theories.
Dileep P Jatkar
2003-02-01
We review proposals of brane world models which attempt to combine gauge theories with gravity at TeV scale by conﬁning the gauge theory to a three-brane embedded in higher dimensional bulk. Gravity, however, propagates in the directions transverse to the brane as well.
Penrose limits, supergravity and brane dynamics
We investigate the Penrose limits of classical string and M-theory backgrounds. We prove that the number of (super)symmetries of a supergravity background never decreases in the limit. We classify all the possible Penrose limits of AdSxS spacetimes and of supergravity brane solutions. We also present the Penrose limits of various other solutions: intersecting branes, supersymmetric black holes and strings in diverse dimensions, and cosmological models. We explore the Penrose limit of an isometrically embedded spacetime and find a generalization to spaces with more than one time. Finally, we show that the Penrose limit is a large tension limit for all branes including those with fields of Born-Infeld type
Tensor Perturbations from Brane-World Inflation with Curvature Effects
Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; Liu, Yen-Wei; IZUMI, KEISUKE; Chen, Pisin(Graduate Institute of Astrophysics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 10617, Taiwan)
2013-01-01
The brane-world scenario provides an intriguing possibility to explore the phenomenological cosmology implied by string/M theory. In this paper, we consider a modified Randall-Sundrum single brane model with two natural generalizations: a Gauss-Bonnet term in the five-dimensional bulk action as well as an induced gravity term in the four-dimensional brane action, which are the leading-order corrections to the Randall-Sundrum model. We study the influence of these combined effects on the evolu...
A Compact Codimension Two Braneworld with Precisely One Brane
Akerblom, Nikolas
2010-01-01
Building on earlier work on football shaped extra dimensions, we construct a compact codimension two braneworld with precisely one brane. The two extra dimensions topologically represent a 2-torus which is stabilized by a bulk cosmological constant and magnetic flux. The torus has positive constant curvature almost everywhere, except for a single conical singularity at the location of the brane. In contradistinction to the football shaped case, there is no fine-tuning required for the brane tension. We also present some plausibility arguments why the model should not suffer from serious stability issues.
A compact codimension-two braneworld with precisely one brane
Building on earlier work on football-shaped extra dimensions, we construct a compact codimension-two braneworld with precisely one brane. The two extra dimensions topologically represent a 2-torus which is stabilized by a bulk cosmological constant and magnetic flux. The torus has positive constant curvature almost everywhere, except for a single conical singularity at the location of the brane. In contradistinction to the football-shaped case, there is no fine-tuning required for the brane tension. We also present some plausibility arguments why the model should not suffer from serious stability issues.
Non-perturbative effects on a fractional D3-brane
Ferretti, Gabriele; Petersson, Christoffer
2009-03-01
In this note we study the Script N = 1 abelian gauge theory on the world volume of a single fractional D3-brane. In the limit where gravitational interactions are not completely decoupled we find that a superpotential and a fermionic bilinear condensate are generated by a D-brane instanton effect. A related situation arises for an isolated cycle invariant under an orientifold projection, even in the absence of any gauge theory brane. Moreover, in presence of supersymmetry breaking background fluxes, such instanton configurations induce new couplings in the 4-dimensional effective action, including non-perturbative contributions to the cosmological constant and non-supersymmetric mass terms.
Enveloping branes and brane-world singularities
The existence of envelopes is studied for systems of differential equations in connection with the method of asymptotic splittings which allows one to determine the singularity structure of the solutions. The result is applied to brane-worlds consisting of a 3-brane in a five-dimensional bulk, in the presence of an analog of a bulk perfect fluid parameterizing a generic class of bulk matter. We find that all flat brane solutions suffer from a finite-distance singularity contrary to previous claims. We then study the possibility of avoiding finite-distance singularities by cutting the bulk and gluing regular solutions at the position of the brane. Further imposing physical conditions such as finite Planck mass on the brane and positive energy conditions on the bulk fluid, excludes, however, this possibility as well. (orig.)
Two-brane system in a vacuum bulk with a single equation of state
Perez, Juan L; Urena-Lopez, L Arturo; 10.1063/1.4748545
2012-01-01
We study the cosmology of a two-brane model in a five-dimensional spacetime, where the extra spatial coordinate is compactifed on an orbifold. Additionally, we consider the existence on each brane of matter fields that evolve in time. Solving the Einstein equations in a vacuum bulk, we can show how the matter fields in both branes are connected and they do not evolve independently
Gravitational backreaction of anti-D branes in the warped compactification
Koyama, Kayoko; Koyama, Kazuya
2005-09-01
We derive a low-energy effective theory for gravity with anti-D branes, which are essential to get de Sitter solutions in the type IIB string-warped compactification, by taking account of gravitational backreactions of anti-D branes. In order to see the effects of the self-gravity of anti-D branes, a simplified model is studied where a five-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) spacetime is realized by the bulk cosmological constant and the 5-form flux, and anti-D branes are coupled to the 5-form field by Chern Simon terms. The AdS spacetime is truncated by introducing UV and IR cut-off branes like the Randall Sundrum model. We derive an effective theory for gravity on the UV brane and reproduce the familiar result that the tensions of the anti-D branes give potentials suppressed by the fourth power of the warp factor at the location of the anti-D branes. However, in this simplified model, the potential energy never inflates the UV brane, although the anti-D branes are inflating. The UV brane is dominated by dark radiation coming from the projection of the five-dimensional Weyl tensor, unless the moduli fields for the anti-D branes are stabilized. We comment on the possibility of avoiding this problem in a realistic string theory compactification.
Kim, Jin Young
2002-01-01
We extend the idea of mirage cosmology to M-theory. Considering the motion of a probe brane in the M-theory background generated by a stack of non-threshold (M2,M5) bound states, we study the cosmological evolution of the brane universe in this background. We estimate the range of $r$ where the formalism is valid. Effective energy density on the probe brane is obtained in terms of the scale factor. Comparing the limiting case of the result with that from type IIB background, we confirm that t...
Brane and Wormhole in Baby Universe
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
In this paper we search the minimal conditions for the creation of a Universe from a Tolman wormhole `bounce' from a previous collapse without passing by an initial singularity. Inspired from brane cosmology, the total density is taken to be the sum of the ordinary matter and time-decreasing exotic matter, as well as time-decreasing cosmological constant. We show that these later didn't affect the standard point-wise energy conditions and that there is always an open region surrounding the bounce over which the strong energy condition must be violated. Flat and hyperbolic spatial Universes are not permitted in our model.
Bunster, Claudio
2015-01-01
We introduce a new kind of space-filling brane, which we term G-brane because its action is a descendant of the gravitational action. The G-brane is different from the Dirac or Nambu space-filling branes, and has interesting formal properties in any spacetime dimension D, which are exhibited. For D greater or equal than three, the G-brane possesses only gauge degrees of freedom, just as the Dirac or Nambu branes. For D=3 the G-brane yields a reformulation of gravitation theory in which the Hamiltonian constraints can be solved explicitly, while keeping the spacetime structure manifest. For D=2 the G-brane provides a realization of the conformal algebra in terms of two scalar fields and their conjugates, which possesses a classical central charge. In the G-brane reformulation of (2+1) gravity, the boundary degrees of freedom of the gravitational field in asymptotically Anti-de Sitter space appear as "matter" coupled to the (1+1) G-brane on the boundary.
Enveloping branes and brane-world singularities
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Klaoudatou, Ifigeneia
2014-01-01
The existence of envelopes is studied for systems of differential equations in connection with the method of asymptotic splittings which allows to determine the singularity structure of the solutions. The result is applied to braneworlds consisting of a 3-brane in a five-dimensional bulk, in the presence of an analog of a bulk perfect fluid parametrizing a generic class of bulk matter. We find that all flat brane solutions suffer from a finite distance singularity contrary to previous claims. We then study the possibility of avoiding finite distance singularities by cutting the bulk and gluing regular solutions at the position of the brane. Further imposing physical conditions such as finite Planck mass on the brane and positive energy conditions on the bulk fluid, excludes however this possibility, as well.
Equation-of-state formalism for dark energy models on the brane and the future of brane universes
Astashenok, Artyom V.; Yurov, Artyom V. [Baltic Federal University of I. Kant, Department of Theoretical Physics, Kaliningrad (Russian Federation); Elizalde, Emilio [Facultat de Ciencies, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, ICE/CSIC and IEEC Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Odintsov, Sergei D. [Facultat de Ciencies, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, ICE/CSIC and IEEC Campus UAB, Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA), Barcelona (Spain)
2012-12-15
Brane dark energy cosmologies, leading to various possible evolutions of our universe, are investigated. The discussion shows that while all these models can be made arbitrarily close to the standard {Lambda}CDM cosmology at present, their future evolutions can be very different, even diverge with time in a number of ways. This includes asymptotic de-Sitter evolution, Little Rip with dissolution of bound structures, and various possible singularities, as the Big Rip, a sudden future singularity (Type II), and Type III and Type IV cases. Specifically, some interesting effects coming from the brane tension are investigated. It is shown, in particular, that the Little Rip occurs faster on the brane model than in usual FRW cosmology. In the asymptotic de-Sitter regime the influence of the brane tension leads to a deviation of the value of the effective cosmological constant from that corresponding to ordinary dark energy. As a consequence, the value of the inertial force from the accelerating expansion can greatly exceed the corresponding inertial force in ordinary cosmological models. (orig.)
Supersymmetric Baryonic Branes
Gomis, J P; Simón, J; Townsend, P K; Gomis, Joaquim; Ramallo, Alfonso V.; Simon, Joan; Townsend, Paul K.
1999-01-01
We derive an energy bound for a `baryonic' D5-brane probe in the $adS_5\\times S^5$ background near the horizon of $N$ D3-branes. Configurations saturating the bound are shown to be 1/4 supersymmetric $S^5$-wrapped D5-branes with $N$ singularities at arbitrary positions. Previous results for $N$ coincident singularities are recovered as a special case. We derive a similar energy bound for a `baryonic' M5-brane probe in the background of $N$ M5-branes. Configurations saturating the bound are again 1/4 supersymmetric and, in the $adS_7\\times S^4$ near-horizon limit, provide a worldvolume realization of the `baryon string' vertex of the (2,0)-supersymmetric six-dimensional conformal field theory on coincident M5-branes. For the full M5-background we find a worldvolume realization of the Hannany-Witten effect in M-theory.
Khuri, R R
1996-01-01
We derive double dimensional reduction/oxidation in a framework where it is applicable to describe general non-static (and anisotropic) p-brane solutions. Given this procedure, we are able to relate the dynamical interaction potential for parallel extremal p-branes in D dimensions to that for extremal black holes in D-p dimensions. In particular, we find that to leading order the potential vanishes for all \\kappa-symmetric p-branes.
Brane big bang brought on by a bulk bubble
We propose an alternative inflationary universe scenario in the context of Randall-Sundrum braneworld cosmology. In this new scenario the existence of extra dimension(s) plays an essential role. First, the brane universe is initially in the inflationary phase driven by the effective cosmological constant induced by a small mismatch between the vacuum energy in the five-dimensional bulk and the brane tension. This mismatch arises since the bulk is initially in a false vacuum. Then, false vacuum decay occurs, nucleating a true vacuum bubble with negative energy inside the bulk. The nucleated bubble expands in the bulk and consequently hits the brane, causing a hot big-bang brane universe of the Randall-Sundrum type. Here, the termination of the inflationary phase is due to the change of the bulk vacuum energy. The bubble kinetic energy heats up the universe. As a simple realization, we propose a model in which we assume an interaction between the brane and the bubble. We derive the constraints on the model parameters taking into account the following requirements: solving the flatness problem, no force which prohibits the bubble from colliding with the brane, a sufficiently high reheating temperature for the standard nucleosynthesis to work, and the recovery of Newton's law up to 1 mm. We find that a fine-tuning is needed in order to satisfy the first and the second requirements simultaneously, although the other constraints are satisfied in a wide range of the model parameters
We derive leading terms in the effective actions describing the coupling of bulk supergravity fields to systems of arbitrary numbers of Dp-branes and D(p+4)-branes in type-IIA/IIB string theory. We use these actions to investigate the physics of Dp-D(p+4) systems in the presence of weak background fields. In particular, we construct various solutions describing collections of Dp-branes blown up into open D(p+2)-branes ending on D(p+4)-branes. The configurations are stabilized by the presence of background fields and represent an open-brane analogue of the Myers dielectric effect. To deduce the D-brane actions, we use supersymmetry to derive operators corresponding to moments of various conserved currents in the Berkooz-Douglas matrix model of M-theory in the presence of longitudinal M5-branes and then use dualities to relate these operators to the worldvolume operators appearing in the Dp-D(p+4)-brane effective actions. (author)
Gravitational backreaction of anti-D branes in the warped compactification
Koyama, Kayoko; Koyama, Kazuya
2005-01-01
We derive a low-energy effective theory for gravity with anti-D branes, which are essential to get de Sitter solutions in the type IIB string warped compactification, by taking account of gravitational backreactions of anti-D branes. In order to see the effects of the self-gravity of anti-D branes, a simplified model is studied where a 5-dimensional anti-de Sitter ({\\it AdS}) spacetime is realized by the bulk cosmological constant and the 5-form flux, and anti-D branes are coupled to the 5-fo...
Hybrid metric-Palatini brane system
Fu, Qi-Ming; Zhao, Li; Gu, Bao-Min; Yang, Ke; Liu, Yu-Xiao
2016-07-01
It is known that the metric and Palatini formalisms of gravity theories have their own interesting features but also suffer from some different drawbacks. Recently, a novel gravity theory called hybrid metric-Palatini gravity was put forward to cure or improve their individual deficiencies. The action of this gravity theory is a hybrid combination of the usual Einstein-Hilbert action and a f (R ) term constructed by the Palatini formalism. Interestingly, it seems that the existence of a light and long-range scalar field in this gravity may modify the cosmological and galactic dynamics without conflicting with the laboratory and Solar System tests. In this paper, we focus on the tensor and scalar perturbations of the thick branes in this novel gravity theory. We consider two models as examples, namely, the thick branes constructed by a background scalar field and by pure gravity. The thick branes in both models have no inner structure. However, affected by the hybrid combination of the metric and Palatini formalisms, the graviton zero mode in the first model has inner structure when the parameter in this model is larger than its critical value, which is different from the cases of general relativity and Palatini f (R ) gravity. We find that the effective four-dimensional gravity can be reproduced on the brane for both models and the scalar zero mode in the model without a background scalar field cannot be localized on the brane, which avoids a fifth force. Moreover, the stability of both brane systems against the linear perturbations can also be ensured.
Phantom-Like Effects on Warped DGP Brane
We study phantom-like effect on the DGP brane embedded in a five-dimensional AdS bulk. We show that this effect can be realized without phantom matter on this warped DGP brane. We investigate the role played by the bulk cosmological constant on the phantom-like effect on the brane and we show that it tends to reduce this effect. Also, warped compactification of the bulk manifold increases the values of the effective and total equation of state parameters of the model relative to the case with Minkowski bulk. We extend our study to the case that induced curvature on the brane is modified in the spirit of the f(R)-gravity. (geophysics, astronomy, and astrophysics)
Brane inflation: A field theory approach in background supergravity
Choudhury, Sayantan
2012-01-01
We propose a model of inflation in the framework of brane cosmology driven by background supergravity. Starting from bulk supergravity we construct the inflaton potential on the brane and employ it to investigate for the consequences to inflationary paradigm. To this end, we derive the expressions for the important parameters in brane inflation, which are somewhat different from their counterparts in standard cosmology, using the one loop radiative corrected potential. We further estimate the observable parameters and find them to fit well with recent observational data. We have studied extensively reheating phenomenology, which explains the thermal history of the universe and leptogenesis through the production of thermal gravitino pertaining to the particle physics phenomenology of the early universe.
Effective cosmological equations of induced f(R) gravity
Apostolopoulos, Pantelis S.; Tetradis, Nikolaos [Department of Physics, University of Athens, University Campus, Zographou 157 84 (Greece); Brouzakis, Nikolaos, E-mail: papost@phys.uoa.gr, E-mail: nbruzak@ifae.es, E-mail: ntetrad@phys.uoa.gr [Departament de Física, Univeristat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain)
2010-08-01
We expand the study of generalized brane cosmologies by allowing for an f( R-tilde ) gravity term on the brane, with R-tilde the curvature scalar derived from the induced metric. We also include arbitrary matter components on the brane and in the five-dimensional bulk. At low energies, the effect of the bulk on the brane evolution can be described through a mirage component, termed generalized dark radiation, in the effective four-dimensional field equations. Using the covariant formalism, we derive the exact form of these equations. We also derive an effective conservation equation involving the brane matter and the generalized dark radiation. At low energies the coupled brane-bulk system has a purely four-dimensional description. The applications of the formalism include generalizations of the Starobinsky model and the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati cosmology.
The cosmology of induced $f({\\cal R})$ gravity
Apostolopoulos, Pantelis S; Tetradis, Nikolaos
2010-01-01
We expand the study of generalized brane cosmologies by allowing for an $f(\\tilde{\\cal R})$ gravity term on the brane, with $\\tilde{\\cal R}$ the curvature scalar derived from the induced metric. We also include arbitrary matter components on the brane and in the five-dimensional bulk. At low energies, the effect of the bulk on the brane evolution can be described through a mirage component, termed generalized dark radiation, in the effective four-dimensional field equations. Using the covariant formalism, we derive the exact form of these equations. We also derive an effective conservation equation involving the brane matter and the generalized dark radiation. At low energies the coupled brane-bulk system has a purely four-dimensional description. The applications of the formalism include generalizations of the Starobinsky model and the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati cosmology.
D-Branes at Finite Temperature in TFD
Abdalla, Maria Christina B; Vancea, I V
2003-01-01
We review the construction of the $D$-branes at finite temperature as boundary states in the Fock space of thermal perturbative closed string. This is a talk presented by I. V. V. at Common Trends in Cosmology and Particle Physics June 2003, Balatonfured, Hungary.
We give a brief review of recent work on rational boundary states associated with gluing automorphisms from the permutation group. We sketch how the construction can be extended to Gepner models and show that there is a D0-brane among the permutation branes on the quintic. (Abstract Copyright [2003], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)
Primordial spikes from wrapped brane inflation
Cosmic inflation driven by branes wrapping the extra dimensions involves Kaluza-Klein (KK) degrees of freedom in addition to the zero-mode position of the brane which plays the role of the inflaton. As the wrapped brane passes by localized sources or features along its inflationary trajectory in the extra dimensional space, the KK modes along the wrapped direction are excited and start to oscillate during inflation. We show that the oscillating KK modes induce parametric resonance for the curvature perturbations, generating sharp signals in the perturbation spectrum. The effective four dimensional picture is a theory where the inflaton couples to the heavy KK modes. The Nambu-Goto action of the brane sources couplings between the inflaton kinetic terms and the KK modes, which trigger significant resonant amplification of the curvature perturbations. We find that the strong resonant effects are localized to narrow wave number ranges, producing spikes in the perturbation spectrum. Investigation of such resonant signals opens up the possibility of probing the extra dimensional space through cosmological observations
Building Cosmological Frozen Stars
Kastor, David
2016-01-01
Janis-Newman-Winicour (JNW) spacetimes generalize the Schwarzschild solution to include a massless scalar field. Although suffering from naked singularities, they share the `frozen star' features of Schwarzschild black holes. Cosmological versions of the JNW spacetimes were discovered some time ago by Husain, Martinez and Nunez and by Fonarev. Unlike Schwarzschild-deSitter black holes, these solutions are dynamical, and the scarcity of exact solutions for dynamical black holes in cosmological backgrounds motivates their further study. Here we show how the cosmological JNW spacetimes can be built, starting from simpler, static, higher dimensional, vacuum `JNW brane' solutions via two different generalized dimensional reduction schemes that together cover the full range of JNW parameter space. Cosmological versions of a BPS limit of charged dilaton black holes are also known. JNW spacetimes represent a different limiting case of the charged, dilaton black hole family. We expect that understanding this second da...
Hashimoto, Koji; Murata, Keiju
2015-01-01
The shape of D-branes is of fundamental interest in string theory. We find that generically D-branes in trivial spacetime can form a conic shape under external uniform forces. Surprisingly, the apex angle is found to be unique, once the spatial dimensions of the cone is given. In particular it is universal irrespective of the external forces. The quantized angle is reminiscent of Taylor cones of hydrodynamic electrospray. We provide explicit D-brane solutions as well as the mechanism of a force balance on the cone, for D-branes in RR and NSNS flux backgrounds. Critical embedding of probe D-branes in AdS/CFT with electric and magnetic fields is in the same category, for which we give an analytic proof of a power-low spectrum of "turbulent meson condensation."
Cosmological perturbations on the Phantom brane
Bag, Satadru; Shtanov, Yuri; Sahni, Varun
2016-01-01
We obtain a closed system of equations for scalar perturbations in a multi-component braneworld. Our braneworld possesses a phantom-like equation of state at late times, $w_{\\rm eff} < -1$, but no big-rip future singularity. In addition to matter and radiation, the braneworld possesses a new effective degree of freedom - the 'Weyl fluid' or 'dark radiation'. Setting initial conditions on super-Hubble spatial scales at the epoch of radiation domination, we evolve perturbations of radiation, pressureless matter and the Weyl fluid until the present epoch. We observe a gradual decrease in the amplitude of the Weyl-fluid perturbations after Hubble-radius crossing, which results in a negligible effect of the Weyl fluid on the evolution of matter perturbations on spatial scales relevant for structure formation. Consequently, the quasi-static approximation of Koyama and Maartens provides a good fit to the exact results during the matter-dominated epoch. We find that the late-time growth of density perturbations on...
Black strings from minimal geometric deformation in a variable tension brane-world
We study brane-world models with variable brane tension and compute corrections to the horizon of a black string along the extra dimension. The four-dimensional geometry of the black string on the brane is obtained by means of the minimal geometric deformation approach, and the bulk corrections are then encoded in additional terms involving the covariant derivatives of the variable brane tension. Our investigation shows that the variable brane tension strongly affects the shape and evolution of the black string horizon along the extra dimension, at least in a near-brane expansion. In particular, we apply our general analysis to a model motivated by the Eötvös branes, where the variable brane tension is related to the Friedmann–Robertson–Walker brane-world cosmology. We show that for some stages in the evolution of the universe, the black string warped horizon collapses to a point and the black string has correspondingly finite extent along the extra dimension. Furthermore, we show that in the minimal geometric deformation of a black hole on the variable tension brane, the black string has a throat along the extra dimension, whose area tends to zero as time goes to infinity. (paper)
Black strings from minimal geometric deformation in a variable tension brane-world
Casadio, R.; Ovalle, J.; da Rocha, Roldão
2014-02-01
We study brane-world models with variable brane tension and compute corrections to the horizon of a black string along the extra dimension. The four-dimensional geometry of the black string on the brane is obtained by means of the minimal geometric deformation approach, and the bulk corrections are then encoded in additional terms involving the covariant derivatives of the variable brane tension. Our investigation shows that the variable brane tension strongly affects the shape and evolution of the black string horizon along the extra dimension, at least in a near-brane expansion. In particular, we apply our general analysis to a model motivated by the Eötvös branes, where the variable brane tension is related to the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker brane-world cosmology. We show that for some stages in the evolution of the universe, the black string warped horizon collapses to a point and the black string has correspondingly finite extent along the extra dimension. Furthermore, we show that in the minimal geometric deformation of a black hole on the variable tension brane, the black string has a throat along the extra dimension, whose area tends to zero as time goes to infinity.
Radion stability and induced, on-brane geometries in an effective scalar-tensor theory of gravity
Kar, Sayan; SenGupta, Soumitra
2013-01-01
About a decade ago, using a specific expansion scheme, effective, on-brane scalar tensor theories of gravity were proposed by Kanno and Soda (Phys.Rev. {\\bf D 66} 083506 ,(2002)) in the context of the warped two brane model of Randall--Sundrum. The inter-related effective theories on both the branes were derived with the space-time dependent radion field playing a crucial role. Taking a re-look at this effective theory, we find cosmological and spherically symmetric, static solutions sourced by a radion--induced, effective stress energy, as well as additional, on-brane matter. The distance between the branes (governed by the time or space dependent radion) is shown to be stable and asymptotically non-zero, thereby setting aside any possibility of brane collisions. It turns out that the inclusion of on-brane matter plays a decisive role in stabilising the radion - a fact which we demonstrate through our solutions.
Fractional Brane State in the Early Universe
Chowdhury, B D; Chowdhury, Borun D.; Mathur, Samir D.
2006-01-01
In the early Universe matter was crushed to high densities, in a manner similar to that encountered in gravitational collapse to black holes. String theory suggests that the large entropy of black holes can be understood in terms of fractional branes and antibranes. We assume a similar physics for the matter in the early Universe, taking a toroidal compactification and letting branes wrap around the cycles of the torus. We find an equation of state p_i=w_i rho, for which the dynamics can be solved analytically. For black holes, fractionation can lead to non-local quantum gravity effects across length scales of order the horizon radius; similar effects in the early Universe might change our understanding of Cosmology in basic ways.
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
It is shown that in the context of geodetic brane cosmology that the produced gas of gravitons in the RTG could not be just the dark matter which manifests itself as a ``missing energy'' in our universe.
Some Aspects of String Cosmology and the LHC
Mavromatos Nick E.
2012-01-01
I discuss some (unconventional) aspects of String Cosmology of relevance to super symmetric dark matter searches at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. In particular, I analyse the rôle of time-dependent dilaton fields in relaxing some of the stringent constraints that characterise minimal supersymmetric models in standard cosmology. I also study briefly CPT-violating aspects of brane Universe models with space-time brane defects at early epochs and their potential relevance to the obser...
Gibbons, G W
1999-01-01
A BIon may be defined as a finite energy solution of a non-linear field theory with distributional sources. By contrast a soliton is usually defined to have no sources. I show how harmonic coordinates map the exteriors of the topologically and causally non-trivial spacetimes of extreme p-branes to BIonic solutions of the Einstein equations in a topologically trivial spacetime in which the combined gravitational and matter energy momentum is located on distributional sources. As a consequence the tension of BPS p-branes is classically unrenormalized. The result holds equally for spacetimes with singularities and for those, like the M-5-brane, which are everywhere singularity free.
Gibbons, G. W.
1999-05-01
A BIon may be defined as a finite energy solution of a nonlinear field theory with distributional sources. In contrast, a soliton is usually defined to have no sources. I show how harmonic coordinates map the exteriors of the topologically and causally non-trivial spacetimes of extreme p-branes to BIonic solutions of the Einstein equations in a topologically trivial spacetime in which the combined gravitational and matter energy-momentum is located on distributional sources. As a consequence the tension of BPS p-branes is classically unrenormalized. The result holds equally for spacetimes with singularities and for those, like the M-5-brane, which are everywhere singularity free.
Roberts, Mark D.
2015-10-01
Solutions are found to field equations constructed from the Pauli, Bach and Gauss-Bonnet quadratic tensors to the Kasner and Kasner brane spacetimes in up to five dimensions. A double Kasner space is shown to have a vacuum solution. Brane solutions in which the bulk components of the Einstein tensor vanish are also looked at and for four-branes a solution similar to radiation Robertson-Walker spacetime is found. Matter trapping of a test scalar field and a test perfect fluid are investigated using energy conditions.
Observational constraints on cosmological superstrings
Sazhina, Olga S
2016-01-01
From the theoretical point of view and not being in contradiction with current observational data, the cosmic strings may have fundamentally different origin and are characterized by wide range of energies. The paper is devoted to the search for possible cosmological observational tests on superstring theory, among them to the identification of observational characteristics to distinguish between cosmological superstring of different types. In the brane-world scenario with an assumption of creation of cosmological superstrings it was obtained the lower limit on the superstring tension as function of its deficit angle.
Self-accelerated brane Universe with warped extra dimension
Gorbunov, D S
2008-01-01
We propose a cosmological model which exhibits the phenomenon of self-acceleration: the Universe is attracted to the phase of accelerated expansion at late times even in the absence of the cosmological constant. The self-acceleration is inevitable in the sense that it cannot be neutralized by any negative explicit cosmological constant. The model is formulated in the framework of brane-world theories with a warped extra dimension. The key ingredient of the model is the brane-bulk energy transfer which is carried by bulk vector fields with a sigma-model-like boundary condition on the brane. We explicitly find the 5-dimensional metric corresponding to the late-time de Sitter expansion on the brane; this metric describes an AdS_5 black hole with growing mass. The present value of the Hubble parameter implies the scale of new physics of order 1 TeV, where the proposed model has to be replaced by putative UV-completion. The mechanism leading to the self-acceleration has AdS/CFT interpretation as occurring due to s...
Induced cosmological constant in braneworlds with warped internal spaces
We investigate the vacuum energy density induced by quantum fluctuations of a bulk scalar field with general curvature coupling parameter on two codimension one parallel branes in a (D + 1)-dimensional background spacetime AdSD1+1 x Σ with a warped internal space Σ. It is assumed that on the branes the field obeys Robin boundary conditions. Using the generalized zeta function technique in combination with contour integral representations, the surface energies on the branes are presented in the form of the sums of single brane and second brane induced parts. For the geometry of a single brane both regions, on the left (L-region) and on the right (R-region), of the brane are considered. The surface densities for separate L- and R-regions contain pole and finite contributions. For an infinitely thin brane taking these regions together, in odd spatial dimensions the pole parts cancel and the total surface energy is finite. The parts in the surface densities generated by the presence of the second brane are finite for all nonzero values of the interbrane separation. The contribution of the Kaluza-Klein modes along Σ is investigated in various limiting cases. It is shown that for large distances between the branes the induced surface densities give rise to an exponentially suppressed cosmological constant on the brane. In the higher dimensional generalization of the Randall-Sundrum braneworld model, for the interbrane distances solving the hierarchy problem, the cosmological constant generated on the visible brane is of the right order of magnitude with the value suggested by the cosmological observations. (author)
Generalised permutation branes
We propose a new class of non-factorising D-branes in the product group G x G where the fluxes and metrics on the two factors do not necessarily coincide. They generalise the maximally symmetric permutation branes which are known to exist when the fluxes agree, but break the symmetry down to the diagonal current algebra in the generic case. Evidence for the existence of these branes comes from a lagrangian description for the open string world-sheet and from effective Dirac-Born-Infeld theory. We state the geometry, gauge fields and, in the case of SU(2) x SU(2), tensions and partial results on the open string spectrum. In the latter case the generalised permutation branes provide a natural and complete explanation for the charges predicted by K-theory including their torsion
Thermodynamics of anisotropic branes
Ávila, Daniel; Patiño, Leonardo; Trancanelli, Diego
2016-01-01
We study the thermodynamics of flavor D7-branes embedded in an anisotropic black brane solution of type IIB supergravity. The flavor branes undergo a phase transition between a `Minkowski embedding', in which they lie outside of the horizon, and a `black hole embedding', in which they fall into the horizon. This transition depends on two independent dimensionless ratios, which are formed out of the black hole temperature, its anisotropy parameter, and the mass of the flavor degrees of freedom. It happens either at a critical temperature or at a critical anisotropy. A general lesson we learn from this analysis is that the anisotropy, in this particular realization, induces similar effects as the temperature. In particular, increasing the anisotropy bends the branes more and more into the horizon. Moreover, we observe that the transition becomes smoother for higher anisotropies.
Pablo Bueno
2015-04-01
Full Text Available We prove that for arbitrary black brane solutions of generic Supergravities there is an adapted system of variables in which the equations of motion are exactly invariant under electric–magnetic duality, i.e. the interchange of a given extended object by its electromagnetic dual. We obtain thus a procedure to automatically construct the electromagnetic dual of a given brane without needing to solve any further equation. We apply this procedure to construct the non-extremal (p,q-string of Type-IIB String Theory (new in the literature, explicitly showing how the dual (p,q-five-brane automatically arises in this construction. In addition, we prove that the system of variables used is suitable for a generic characterization of every double-extremal Supergravity brane solution, which we perform in full generality.
Anomalies, Branes, and Currents
Cheung, Yeuk-Kwan E.; Yin, Zheng
1997-01-01
When a D-brane wraps around a cycle of a curved manifold, the twisting of its normal bundle can induce chiral asymmetry in its worldvolume theory. We obtain the general form of the resulting anomalies for D-branes and their intersections. They are not cancelled among themselves, and the standard inflow mechanism does not apply at first sight because of their apparent lack of factorizability and the apparent vanishing of the corresponding inflow. We show however after taking into consideration...
Saltatory relaxation of the cosmological constant
We modify and extend an earlier proposal by Brown and Teitelboim to relax the effective cosmological term by nucleation of branes coupled to a three-index gauge potential. Microscopic considerations from string/M-theory suggest two major innovations in the framework. First, the dependence of brane properties on the compactification of extra dimensions may generate a very small quantized unit for jumps in the effective cosmological term. Second, internal degrees of freedom for multiply coincident branes may enhance tunneling rates by exponentially large density of states factors. These new features essentially alter the relaxation dynamics. By requiring stability on the scale of the lifetime of the universe, rather than absolute stability, we derive a non-trivial relation between the supersymmetry breaking scale and the value of the cosmological term. It is plausibly, though not certainly, satisfied in Nature
Conformally invariant braneworld and the cosmological constant
A six-dimensional braneworld scenario based on a model describing the interaction of gravity, gauge fields and 3+1 branes in a conformally invariant way is described. The action of the model is defined using a measure of integration built of degrees of freedom independent of the metric. There is no need to fine tune any bulk cosmological constant or the tension of the two (in the scenario described here) parallel branes to obtain zero cosmological constant, the only solutions are those with zero 4D cosmological constant. The two extra dimensions are compactified in a 'football' fashion and the branes lie on the two opposite poles of the compact 'football-shaped' sphere
Wave Function of a Brane-like Universe
Davidson, A; Lederer, Y; Davidson, Aharon; Karasik, David; Lederer, Yoav
1999-01-01
Within the mini-superspace model, brane-like cosmology means performing the variation with respect to the embedding (Minkowski) time $\\tau$ before fixing the cosmic (Einstein) time $t$. The departure from Einstein limit is parameterized by the 'energy' conjugate to $\\tau$, and characterized by a classically disconnected Embryonic epoch. In contrast with canonical quantum gravity, the wave-function of the brane-like Universe is (i) $\\tau$-dependent, and (ii) vanishes at the Big Bang. Hartle-Hawking and Linde proposals dictate discrete 'energy' levels, whereas Vilenkin proposal resembles $\\alpha$-particle disintegration.
Myers, R C
1999-01-01
We extend the usual world-volume action for a Dp-brane to the case of N coincident Dp-branes where the world-volume theory involves a U(N) gauge theory. The guiding principle in our construction is that the action should be consistent with the familiar rules of T-duality. The resulting action involves a variety of potential terms, i.e., nonderivative interactions, for the nonabelian scalar fields. This action also shows that Dp-branes naturally couple to RR potentials of all form degrees, including both larger and smaller than p+1. We consider the dynamics resulting from this action for Dp-branes moving in nontrivial background fields, and illustrate how the Dp-branes are ``polarized'' by external fields. In a simple example, we show that a system of D0-branes in an external RR four-form field expands into a noncommutative two-sphere, which is interpreted as the formation of a spherical D2-D0 bound state.
Sepehri, Alireza
2016-07-01
Recently, some authors (Cruz and Rojas, 2013 [1]) have constructed a Born-Infeld type action which may be written in terms of the Lovelock brane Lagrangians for a given dimension p. We reconsider their model in M-theory and study the process of birth and growth of nonlinear spinor and bosonic gravity during the construction of Mp-branes. Then, by application of this idea to BIonic system, we construct a BIonic superconductor in the background of nonlinear gravity. In this model, first, M0-branes link to each other and build an M5-brane and an anti-M5-brane connected by an M2-brane. M0-branes are zero dimensional objects that only scalars are attached to them. By constructing higher dimensional branes from M0-branes, gauge fields are produced. Also, if M0-branes don't link to each other completely, the symmetry of system is broken and fermions are created. The curvature produced by fermions has the opposite sign the curvature produced by gauge fields. Fermions on M5-branes and M2 plays the role of bridge between them. By passing time, M2 dissolves in M5's and nonlinear bosonic and spinor gravities are produced. By closing M5-branes towards each other, coupling of two identical fermions on two branes to each other causes that the square mass of their system becomes negative and some tachyonic states are created. For removing these tachyons, M5-branes compact, the sign of gravity between branes reverses, anti-gravity is produced which causes that branes and identical fermions get away from each other. This is the reason for the emergence of Pauli exclusion principle in Bionic system. Also, the spinor gravity vanishes and its energy builds a new M2 between M5-branes. We obtain the resistivity in this system and find that its value decreases by closing M5 branes to each other and shrinks to zero at colliding point of branes. This idea has different applications. For example, in cosmology, universes are located on M5-branes and M2-brane has the role of bridge between
Gauge groups from brane-anti-brane systems at angles
We discuss a system formed by two pairs of brane-anti-brane that form an arbitrary angle in a plane. We identify the gauge groups from this system which presumably could be used to construct gauge theories. (author)
Gauge groups from brane-anti-brane systems at angles
Vancea, I.V. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)
2001-07-01
We discuss a system formed by two pairs of brane-anti-brane that form an arbitrary angle in a plane. We identify the gauge groups from this system which presumably could be used to construct gauge theories. (author)
Gauge groups from brane-anti-brane systems at angles
Vancea, I. V.
2001-04-01
We discuss a system formed by two pairs of brane-anti-brane that form an arbitrary angle in a plane. We identify the gauge groups from this system which presumably could be used to construct gauge theories...
Black Strings from Minimal Geometric Deformation in a Variable Tension Brane-World
Casadio, Roberto; da Rocha, Roldao
2013-01-01
We study brane-world models with variable brane tension and compute corrections to the horizon of a black string along the extra dimension. The four-dimensional geometry of the black string on the brane is obtained by means of the minimal geometric deformation approach, and the bulk corrections are then encoded in additional terms involving the covariant derivatives of the variable brane tension. Our investigation shows that the variable brane tension strongly affects the shape and evolution of the black string horizon along the extra dimension, at least in a near-brane expansion. In particular, we apply our general analysis to a model motivated by the E\\"otv\\"os branes, where the variable brane tension is related to the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker brane-world cosmology. We show that for some stages in the evolution of the universe, the black string warped horizon collapses to a point and the black string has correspondingly finite extent along the extra dimension. Furthermore, we show that in the minimal geom...
Brane Tilings, M2-branes and Orbifolds
Davey, John
2011-01-01
Brane Tilings represent one of the largest classes of superconformal theories with known gravity duals in 3+1 and also 2+1 dimensions. They provide a useful link between a large class of quiver gauge theories and their moduli spaces, which are the toric Calabi-Yau (CY) singularities. This thesis includes a discussion of an algorithm that can be used to generate all brane tilings with any given number of superpotential terms. All tilings with at most 8 superpotential terms have been generated using an implementation of this method. Orbifolds are a subject of central importance in string theory. It is widely known that there may be two or more orbifolds of a space by a finite group. Abelian Calabi-Yau orbifolds of the form $\\BC^3 / \\Gamma$ can be counted according to the size of the group $|\\Gamma|$. Three methods of counting these orbifolds will be given. A brane tiling together with a set of Chern Simons levels is sufficient to define a quiver Chern-Simons theory which describes the worldvolume theory of the ...
Rotating Brane World Black Holes
Modgil, Moninder Singh; Panda, Sukanta; Sengupta, Gautam
2001-01-01
A five dimensional rotating black string in a Randall-Sundrum brane world is considered. The black string intercepts the three brane in a four dimensional rotating black hole. The geodesic equations and the asymptotics in this background are discussed.
Hybrid metric-Palatini brane system
Fu, Qi-Ming; Liu, Yu-Xiao
2016-01-01
It is known that the metric and Palatini formalisms of gravity theories have their own interesting features but also suffer from some different drawbacks. Recently, a novel gravity theory called hybrid metric-Palatini gravity was put forward to cure or improve their individual deficiencies. The action of this gravity theory is a hybrid combination of the usual Einstein-Hilbert action and a $f(\\mathcal{R})$ term constructed by the Palatini formalism. Interestingly, it seems that the existence of a light and long-range scalar field in this gravity may modify the cosmological and galactic dynamics without conflicting with the laboratory and Solar System tests. In this paper we focus on the tensor perturbation of thick branes in this novel gravity theory. We consider two models as examples, namely, the thick branes constructed by a background scalar field and by pure gravity. The thick branes in both models have no inner structure. However, the graviton zero mode in the first model has inner structure when the pa...
Brane Webs and Random Processes
Iqbal, Amer; Shabbir, Khurram; Shehper, Muhammad A
2015-01-01
We study $(p,q)$ 5-brane webs dual to certain $N$ M5-brane configurations and show that the partition function of these brane webs gives rise to cylindric Schur process with period $N$. This generalizes the previously studied case of period $1$. We also show that open string amplitudes corresponding to these brane webs are captured by the generating function of cylindric plane partitions with profile determined by the boundary conditions imposed on the open string amplitudes.
Localized gravity on FRW branes
Singh, Parampreet; Dadhich, Naresh
2002-01-01
We study the system of Schwarzschild anti de Sitter (S-AdS) bulk and FRW brane for localization of gravity; i.e. zero mass gravitons having ground state on the brane, and thereby recovering the Einstein gravity with high energy correction. It has been known that gravity is not localized on AdS brane with AdS bulk. We prove the general result that gravity is not localized for dynamic branes whenever Lambda_4 0 and black h...
Brane webs and random processes
Iqbal, Amer; Qureshi, Babar A.; Shabbir, Khurram; Shehper, Muhammad A.
2015-11-01
We study (p, q) 5-brane webs dual to certain N M5-brane configurations and show that the partition function of these brane webs gives rise to cylindric Schur process with period N. This generalizes the previously studied case of period 1. We also show that open string amplitudes corresponding to these brane webs are captured by the generating function of cylindric plane partitions with profile determined by the boundary conditions imposed on the open string amplitudes.
Davey, John; Mekareeya, Noppadol; Torri, Giuseppe
2009-01-01
Connections between different M2-brane theories are established via the Higgs mechanism, which can be most efficiently studied on brane tilings. This leads to several M2-brane models, with brane tilings or Chern-Simons levels which have not been considered so far. The moduli spaces of these models are identified and examined in detail. The toric diagrams are constructed using Kasteleyn matrices and the forward algorithm.
A stringy alternative to inflation: The cosmological slingshot scenario
We propose a cosmological model where the universe is a probe brane moving in a warped throat on a Calabi-Yau space. A non-zero angular momentum in transverse space results in a turning point in the probe brane trajectory, and leads to a bouncing cosmology as experienced by an observer living on the brane, with a decelerated contraction followed by an accelerating expansion and with no cosmic singularity. Although the number of e-foldings is low (less than 2), standard cosmological problems are solved in our model. Moreover, due to the non-zero angular momentum of the brane, there is no bing-bang singularity. Finally, density perturbations are calculated in the model and the result is a flat spectrum with spectral index n ∼ 1 and slightly red-shifted in compatibility with WMAP data. (author)
Visible branes with negative tension in heterotic M-theory
It is shown that there exist large classes of BPS vacua in heterotic M-theory which have negative tension on the visible orbifold plane, positive tension on the hidden plane and positive tension, physical five-branes in the bulk space. Explicit examples of such vacua are presented. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the ratio, β/ vertical bar α vertical bar, of the bulk five-brane tension to the visible plane tension can, for several large classes of such vacua, be made arbitrarily small. Hence, it is straightforward to find vacua with the properties required in the examples of the Ekpyrotic theory of cosmology - a visible brane with negative tension and β/ vertical bar α vertical bar small. This contradicts recent claims in the literature. (author)
Infra-red modification of gravity from asymmetric branes
We consider a single Minkowski brane sandwiched in between two copies of anti-de Sitter space. We allow the bulk Planck mass and cosmological constant to differ on either side of the brane. Linearized perturbations about this background reveal that gravity can be modified in the infra-red. At intermediate scales, the braneworld propagator mimics four-dimensional GR in that it has the correct momentum dependence. However, it has the wrong tensor structure. Beyond a source dependent scale, we show that quadratic brane bending contributions become important, and conspire to correct the tensor structure of the propagator. We argue that even higher order terms can consistently be ignored up to very high energies, and suggest that there is no problem with strong coupling. We also consider scalar and vector perturbations in the bulk, checking for scalar ghosts
Closed string brane-like states, brane bound states and noncommutative branes
We study the mass and different RR charge distributions of the BPS (p,p-2)-brane bound states in the closed string brane-like σ-model. We show that such brane bound states can be realized by introducing a constant B field in the closed string theory. In addition we show that the worldvolume coordinates of these brane bound states turn out to be noncommutative. (author)
Branes, Charge and Intersections
Marolf, D M
2001-01-01
This is a brief summary of lectures given at the Fourth Mexican School on Gravitation and Mathematical Physics. The lectures gave an introduction to branes in eleven-dimensional supergravity and in type IIA supergravities in ten-dimensions. Charge conservation and the role of the so-called `Chern-Simons terms' were emphasized. Known exact solutions were discussed and used to provide insight into the question `Why don't fundamental strings fall off of D-branes,' which is often asked by relativists. The following is a brief overview of the lectures with an associated guide to the literature.
Hernandez, Rafael [Institut de Physique, Universite de Neuchatel, Breguet 1, CH-2000 Neuchatel (Switzerland); Sfetsos, Konstadinos [Department of Engineering Sciences, University of Patras, 26110 Patras (Greece)
2003-06-21
Compactifications of M-theory on manifolds with reduced holonomy arise as the local 11-dimensional description of D6-branes wrapped on supersymmetric cycles in manifolds of lower dimension with a different holonomy group. Whenever the isometry group SU(2) is present, eight-dimensional gauged supergravity is a natural arena for such investigations. In this paper, we use this approach and review the 11-dimensional description of D6-branes wrapped on coassociative 4-cycles, on deformed 3-cycles inside Calabi-Yau threefolds and on Kaehler 4-cycles.
Branes, Charge and Intersections
Marolf, Donald
2001-01-01
This is a brief summary of lectures given at the Fourth Mexican School on Gravitation and Mathematical Physics. The lectures gave an introduction to branes in eleven-dimensional supergravity and in type IIA supergravities in ten-dimensions. Charge conservation and the role of the so-called `Chern-Simons terms' were emphasized. Known exact solutions were discussed and used to provide insight into the question `Why don't fundamental strings fall off of D-branes,' which is often asked by relativ...
Townsend, P.K.
1995-01-01
The ten or eleven dimensional origin of central charges in the N=4 or N=8 supersymmetry algebra in four dimensions is reviewed: while some have a standard Kaluza-Klein interpretation as momenta in compact dimensions, most arise from $p$-form charges in the higher-dimensional supersymmetry algebra that are carried by $p$-brane `solitons'. Although $p=1$ is singled out by superstring perturbation theory, U-duality of N=8 superstring compactifications implies a complete `$p$-brane democracy' of ...
Singularity-free cosmological solutions in string theories
Fabris, J C
2002-01-01
Singularity-free cosmological solutions may be obtained from the string action at tree level if the dimension of the space-time is greater than 10 and if brane configurations are taken into account. The behaviour of the dilaton field in this case is also regular. Asymptotically a radiative phase is attained indicating a smooth transition to the standard cosmological model.
A Stringy Alternative to Inflation: The Cosmological Slingshot Scenario
Germani, C; Kehagias, A; Germani, Cristiano; Kehagias, Alex
2006-01-01
We propose a cosmological model, alternative to the standard inflationary paradigm, where all problems that afflict standard non-inflationary cosmology are naturally solved. In this model, the Universe is a wandering brane moving, with non-zero angular momentum, in a warped throat on a Calabi-Yau space. It is assumed that mirage effects drive the cosmic evolution at early time. The result is a bouncing cosmology without cosmic singularity as experienced by an observer living on the brane. Density perturbations are calculated in our model and we find a slightly red spectral index, in compatibility with WMAP data.
Tensor Perturbations from Brane-World Inflation with Curvature Effects
Bouhmadi-Lopez, Mariam; Izumi, Keisuke; Chen, Pisin
2013-01-01
The brane-world scenario provides an intriguing possibility to explore the phenomenological cosmology implied by string/M theory. In this paper, we consider a modified Randall-Sundrum single brane model with two natural generalizations: a Gauss-Bonnet term in the five-dimensional bulk action as well as an induced gravity term in the four-dimensional brane action, which are the leading-order corrections to the Randall-Sundrum model. We study the influence of these combined effects on the evolution of the primordial gravitational waves generated during an extreme slow-roll inflation on the brane. The background, for the early inflationary era, is then modeled through a de Sitter brane embedded within an anti-de Sitter bulk. In this framework, we show that both effects tend to suppress the Randall-Sundrum enhancement of the amplitude of the tensor perturbations at relatively high energies. Moreover, the Gauss-Bonnet effect, relative to standard general relativity, will abruptly enhance the tensor-to-scalar ratio...
Brane polarization is no cure for tachyons
Bena, Iosif
2015-01-01
Anti-M2 and anti-D3 branes placed in regions with charges dissolved in fluxes have a tachyon in their near-horizon region, which causes these branes to repel each other. If the branes are on the Coulomb branch this tachyon gives rise to a runaway behavior, but when the branes are polarized into five-branes this tachyon only appears to lower the energy of the polarized branes, without affecting its stability. We analyze brane polarization in the presence of a brane-brane-repelling tachyon and show that when the branes are polarized along the direction of the tachyon the polarized shell is unstable. This implies that tachyons cannot be cured by brane polarization and indicates that, at least in a certain regime of parameters, anti-D3 branes polarized into NS5 branes at the bottom of the Klebanov-Strassler solution have an instability.
Exotic Brane Junctions from F-theory
Kimura, Tetsuji
2016-01-01
Applying string dualities to F-theory, we obtain various $[p,q]$-branes whose constituents are standard branes of codimension two and exotic branes. We construct junctions of the exotic five-branes and their Hanany-Witten transitions associated with those in F-theory. In this procedure, we understand the monodromy of the single $5^2_2$-brane. We also find the objects which are sensitive to the branch cut of the $5^2_2$-brane. Considering the web of branes in the presence of multiple exotic five-branes analogous to the web of five-branes with multiple seven-branes, we obtain novel brane constructions for $SU(2)$ gauge theories with $n$ flavors and their superconformal limit with enhanced $E_{n+1}$ symmetry in five, four, and three dimensions. Hence, adapting the techniques of the seven-branes to the exotic branes, we will be able to construct F-theories in diverse dimensions.
Exotic brane junctions from F-theory
Kimura, Tetsuji
2016-05-01
Applying string dualities to F-theory, we obtain various [ p, q]-branes whose constituents are standard branes of codimension two and exotic branes. We construct junctions of the exotic five-branes and their Hanany-Witten transitions associated with those in F-theory. In this procedure, we understand the monodromy of the single 5 2 2 -brane. We also find the objects which are sensitive to the branch cut of the 5 2 2 -brane. Considering the web of branes in the presence of multiple exotic five-branes analogous to the web of five-branes with multiple seven-branes, we obtain novel brane constructions for SU(2) gauge theories with n flavors and their superconformal limit with enhanced E n+1 symmetry in five, four, and three dimensions. Hence, adapting the techniques of the seven-branes to the exotic branes, we will be able to construct F-theories in diverse dimensions.
Accelerating universe in $f({\\cal R})$ brane gravity
Atazadeh, K.; Farhoudi, M.; Sepangi, H. R.
2008-01-01
We study a 5-dimensional $f({\\cal R})$ brane gravity within the framework of scalar-tensor type theories. We show that such a model predicts, for a certain choice of $f({\\cal R})$ and a spatially flat universe, an exponential potential, leading to an accelerated expanding universe driven solely by the curvature of the bulk space. This result is consistent with the observational data in the cosmological scale.
Supersymmetry Projection Rules on Exotic Branes
Kimura, Tetsuji
2016-01-01
We study the supersymmetry projection rules on exotic branes in type II string theories and M-theory. They justify the validity of the exotic duality between standard branes and exotic branes of codimension two. By virtue of the supersymmetry projection rules on various branes, we can apply the exotic duality to a system which involves multiple non-parallel branes.
Supersymmetric codimension-two branes and U(1)R mediation in 6D gauged supergravity
We construct a consistent supersymmetric action for brane chiral and vector multiplets in a six-dimensional chiral gauged supergravity. A nonzero brane tension can be accommodated by allowing for a brane-localized Fayet-Iliopoulos term proportional to the brane tension. When the brane chiral multiplet is charged under the bulk U(1)R, we obtain a nontrivial coupling to the extra component of the U(1)R gauge field strength and a singular scalar self-interaction term. Dimensionally reducing to 4D on a football supersymmetric solution, we discuss the implication of such interactions for obtaining the U(1)R D-term in the 4D effective supergravity. By assuming the bulk gaugino condensates and nonzero brane F- and/or D-term for the uplifting potential, we have all the moduli stabilized with a vanishing cosmological constant. The brane scalar with nonzero R charge then gets a soft mass of order the gravitino mass. The overall sign of the soft mass squared depends on the sign of the R charge as well as whether the brane F- or D-term dominates.
Ashour, Amani; Ali, Ahmed Farag; Hammad, Fayçal
2016-01-01
In this work, we investigate the thermodynamics of black $p$-branes (BB) in the context of Gravity's Rainbow. We investigate this, first within the framework of rainbow functions that have been proposed by Amelino-Camelia, et el. in \\cite{amerev, AmelinoCamelia:1996pj}, then examine, for the sake of comparison, a couple of other rainbow functions that have also appeared in the literature. We show that, for consistency, Rainbow Gravity imposes a constraint on the minimum mass of the BB, a constraint that we interpret here as implying the existence of a black $p$-brane remnant. This interpretation is supported by the computation of the black $p$-brane's heat capacity that shows that the latter vanishes when the Schwarzschild radius takes on a value that is bigger than its extremal limit. We found that the same conclusion is reached for the third version of rainbow functions treated here but not with the second one for which only standard black $p$-brane thermodynamics is recovered.