Non-normal Hasemann Boundary Value Problem
无
2001-01-01
We will discuss the non-normal Hasemann boundary value problem:we may find these results are coincided with those of normal Hasemann boundary value problem and non normal Riemann boundary value problem.
Boundary value problems and partial differential equations
Powers, David L
2005-01-01
Boundary Value Problems is the leading text on boundary value problems and Fourier series. The author, David Powers, (Clarkson) has written a thorough, theoretical overview of solving boundary value problems involving partial differential equations by the methods of separation of variables. Professors and students agree that the author is a master at creating linear problems that adroitly illustrate the techniques of separation of variables used to solve science and engineering.* CD with animations and graphics of solutions, additional exercises and chapter review questions* Nearly 900 exercises ranging in difficulty* Many fully worked examples
Boundary Value Problems Arising in Kalman Filtering
Sinem Ertürk
2009-01-01
Full Text Available The classic Kalman filtering equations for independent and correlated white noises are ordinary differential equations (deterministic or stochastic with the respective initial conditions. Changing the noise processes by taking them to be more realistic wide band noises or delayed white noises creates challenging partial differential equations with initial and boundary conditions. In this paper, we are aimed to give a survey of this connection between Kalman filtering and boundary value problems, bringing them into the attention of mathematicians as well as engineers dealing with Kalman filtering and boundary value problems.
Boundary Value Problems Arising in Kalman Filtering
Bashirov Agamirza
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The classic Kalman filtering equations for independent and correlated white noises are ordinary differential equations (deterministic or stochastic with the respective initial conditions. Changing the noise processes by taking them to be more realistic wide band noises or delayed white noises creates challenging partial differential equations with initial and boundary conditions. In this paper, we are aimed to give a survey of this connection between Kalman filtering and boundary value problems, bringing them into the attention of mathematicians as well as engineers dealing with Kalman filtering and boundary value problems.
Fourier analysis and boundary value problems
Gonzalez-Velasco, Enrique A
1996-01-01
Fourier Analysis and Boundary Value Problems provides a thorough examination of both the theory and applications of partial differential equations and the Fourier and Laplace methods for their solutions. Boundary value problems, including the heat and wave equations, are integrated throughout the book. Written from a historical perspective with extensive biographical coverage of pioneers in the field, the book emphasizes the important role played by partial differential equations in engineering and physics. In addition, the author demonstrates how efforts to deal with these problems have lead to wonderfully significant developments in mathematics.A clear and complete text with more than 500 exercises, Fourier Analysis and Boundary Value Problems is a good introduction and a valuable resource for those in the field.Key Features* Topics are covered from a historical perspective with biographical information on key contributors to the field* The text contains more than 500 exercises* Includes practical applicati...
Semigroups, boundary value problems and Markov processes
Taira, Kazuaki
2014-01-01
A careful and accessible exposition of functional analytic methods in stochastic analysis is provided in this book. It focuses on the interrelationship between three subjects in analysis: Markov processes, semi groups and elliptic boundary value problems. The author studies a general class of elliptic boundary value problems for second-order, Waldenfels integro-differential operators in partial differential equations and proves that this class of elliptic boundary value problems provides a general class of Feller semigroups in functional analysis. As an application, the author constructs a general class of Markov processes in probability in which a Markovian particle moves both by jumps and continuously in the state space until it 'dies' at the time when it reaches the set where the particle is definitely absorbed. Augmenting the 1st edition published in 2004, this edition includes four new chapters and eight re-worked and expanded chapters. It is amply illustrated and all chapters are rounded off with Notes ...
Boundary value problems and medical imaging
The application of appropriate transform pairs, such as the Fourier, the Laplace, the sine, the cosine and the Mellin transforms, provides the most well known method for constructing analytical solutions to a large class of physically significant boundary value problems. However, this method has several limitations. In particular, it requires the given PDE, domain and boundary conditions to be separable, and also may not be applicable if the given boundary value problem is non-self-adjoint. Furthermore, it expresses the solution as either an integral or an infinite series, neither of which are uniformly convergent on the boundary of the domain (for nonvanishing boundary conditions), which renders such expressions unsuitable for numerical computations. Here, we review a method recently introduced by the first author which can be applied to certain nonseparable and non-self-adjoint problems. Furthermore, this method expresses the solution as an integral in the complex plane which is uniformly convergent on the boundary of the domain. This method, which also suggests new numerical techniques, is illustrated for both evolution and elliptic PDEs. Athough this method was first applied to certain nonlinear PDEs called integrable and was originally formulated in terms of the so-called Lax pairs, it can actually be applied to linear PDEs without the need to analyse the associated Lax pair. The existence of Lax pairs is used here in order to motivate a related development, namely the emergence of a novel formalism for analysing certain inverse problems arising in medical imaging. Examples include PET and SPECT
Unique solution to periodic boundary value problems
Yong Sun
1991-01-01
Full Text Available Existence of unique solution to periodic boundary value problems of differential equations with continuous or discontinuous right-hand side is considered by utilizing the method of lower and upper solutions and the monotone properties of the operator. This is subject to discussion in the present paper.
Topological invariants in nonlinear boundary value problems
Vinagre, Sandra [Departamento de Matematica, Universidade de Evora, Rua Roma-tilde o Ramalho 59, 7000-671 Evora (Portugal)]. E-mail: smv@uevora.pt; Severino, Ricardo [Departamento de Matematica, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga (Portugal)]. E-mail: ricardo@math.uminho.pt; Ramos, J. Sousa [Departamento de Matematica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)]. E-mail: sramos@math.ist.utl.pt
2005-07-01
We consider a class of boundary value problems for partial differential equations, whose solutions are, basically, characterized by the iteration of a nonlinear function. We apply methods of symbolic dynamics of discrete bimodal maps in the interval in order to give a topological characterization of its solutions.
Group invariance in engineering boundary value problems
Seshadri, R
1985-01-01
REFEREN CES . 156 9 Transforma.tion of a Boundary Value Problem to an Initial Value Problem . 157 9.0 Introduction . 157 9.1 Blasius Equation in Boundary Layer Flow . 157 9.2 Longitudinal Impact of Nonlinear Viscoplastic Rods . 163 9.3 Summary . 168 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 . 10 From Nonlinear to Linear Differential Equa.tions Using Transformation Groups. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 . 10.1 From Nonlinear to Linear Differential Equations . 170 10.2 Application to Ordinary Differential Equations -Bernoulli's Equation . . . . . . . . . . . 173 10.3 Application to Partial Differential Equations -A Nonlinear Chemical Exchange Process . 178 10.4 Limitations of the Inspectional Group Method . 187 10.5 Summary . 188 REFERENCES . . . . 188 11 Miscellaneous Topics . 190 11.1 Reduction of Differential Equations to Algebraic Equations 190 11.2 Reduction of Order of an Ordinary Differential Equation . 191 11.3 Transformat.ion From Ordinary to Partial Differential Equations-Search for First Inte...
Homology in Electromagnetic Boundary Value Problems
Matti Pellikka
2010-01-01
Full Text Available We discuss how homology computation can be exploited in computational electromagnetism. We represent various cellular mesh reduction techniques, which enable the computation of generators of homology spaces in an acceptable time. Furthermore, we show how the generators can be used for setting up and analysis of an electromagnetic boundary value problem. The aim is to provide a rationale for homology computation in electromagnetic modeling software.
Boundary Value Problem for Black Rings
Morisawa, Yoshiyuki; Yasui, Yukinori
2007-01-01
We study the boundary value problem for asymptotically flat stationary black ring solutions to the five-dimensional vacuum Einstein equations. Assuming the existence of two additional commuting axial Killing vector fields and the horizon topology of $S^1\\times S^2$, we show that the only asymptotically flat black ring solution with a regular horizon is the Pomeransky-Sen'kov black ring solution.
Geodesic boundary value problems with symmetry
Cotter, Colin; Holm, Darryl
2010-01-01
This paper shows how left and right actions of Lie groups on a manifold may be used to complement one another in a variational reformulation of optimal control problems equivalently as geodesic boundary value problems with symmetry. We prove an equivalence theorem to this effect and illustrate it with several examples. In finite-dimensions, we discuss geodesic flows on the Lie groups SO(3) and SE(3) under the left and right actions of their respective Lie algebras. In an infinite-dimensional ...
The GPS-gravimetry boundary value problem
YU; Jinhai; ZHANG; Chuanding
2005-01-01
How to determine the earth's external gravity field with the accuracy of O(T2) by making use of GPS data and gravity values measured on the earth's surface is dealt with in this paper. There are two main steps: to extend these measured values on the earth's surface onto the reference ellipsoid at first and then to seek for the integral solution of the external Neumann problem outside the ellipsoid. In addition, the corresponding judging criteria of accuracy to solve the GPS-gravity boundary value problem are established. The integral solution given in the paper not only contains all frequency-spectral information of the gravity field with the accuracy of O(T2),but is also easily computed. In fact, the solution has great significance for both theory and practice.
Complementary Lidstone Interpolation and Boundary Value Problems
Ravi P. Agarwal
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We shall introduce and construct explicitly the complementary Lidstone interpolating polynomial P2m(t of degree 2m, which involves interpolating data at the odd-order derivatives. For P2m(t we will provide explicit representation of the error function, best possible error inequalities, best possible criterion for the convergence of complementary Lidstone series, and a quadrature formula with best possible error bound. Then, these results will be used to establish existence and uniqueness criteria, and the convergence of Picard's, approximate Picard's, quasilinearization, and approximate quasilinearization iterative methods for the complementary Lidstone boundary value problems which consist of a (2m+1th order differential equation and the complementary Lidstone boundary conditions.
Spectral integration of linear boundary value problems
Viswanath, Divakar
2012-01-01
Spectral integration is a method for solving linear boundary value problems which uses the Chebyshev series representation of functions to avoid the numerical discretization of derivatives. It is occasionally attributed to Zebib (J. of Computational Physics vol. 53 (1984), p. 443-455) and more often to Greengard (SIAM J. on Numerical Analysis vol. 28 (1991), p. 1071-1080). Its advantage is believed to be its relative immunity to errors that arise when nearby grid points are used to approximate derivatives. In this paper, we reformulate the method of spectral integration by changing it in four different ways. The changes consist of a more convenient integral formulation, a different way to treat and interpret boundary conditions, treatment of higher order problems in factored form, and the use of piecewise Chebyshev grid points. Our formulation of spectral integration is more flexible and powerful as show by its ability to solve a problem that would otherwise take 8192 grid points using only 96 grid points. So...
Boundary value problems and Markov processes
Taira, Kazuaki
2009-01-01
This volume is devoted to a thorough and accessible exposition on the functional analytic approach to the problem of construction of Markov processes with Ventcel' boundary conditions in probability theory. Analytically, a Markovian particle in a domain of Euclidean space is governed by an integro-differential operator, called a Waldenfels operator, in the interior of the domain, and it obeys a boundary condition, called the Ventcel' boundary condition, on the boundary of the domain. Probabilistically, a Markovian particle moves both by jumps and continuously in the state space and it obeys the Ventcel' boundary condition, which consists of six terms corresponding to the diffusion along the boundary, the absorption phenomenon, the reflection phenomenon, the sticking (or viscosity) phenomenon, the jump phenomenon on the boundary, and the inward jump phenomenon from the boundary. In particular, second-order elliptic differential operators are called diffusion operators and describe analytically strong Markov pr...
A selfadjoint hyperbolic boundary-value problem
Nezam Iraniparast
2003-02-01
Full Text Available We consider the eigenvalue wave equation $$u_{tt} - u_{ss} = lambda pu,$$ subject to $ u(s,0 = 0$, where $uinmathbb{R}$, is a function of $(s, t in mathbb{R}^2$, with $tge 0$. In the characteristic triangle $T ={(s,t:0leq tleq 1, tleq sleq 2-t}$ we impose a boundary condition along characteristics so that $$ alpha u(t,t-beta frac{partial u}{partial n_1}(t,t = alpha u(1+t,1-t +betafrac{partial u}{partial n_2}(1+t,1-t,quad 0leq tleq1. $$ The parameters $alpha$ and $beta$ are arbitrary except for the condition that they are not both zero. The two vectors $n_1$ and $n_2$ are the exterior unit normals to the characteristic boundaries and $frac{partial u}{partial n_1}$, $frac{partial u}{partial n_2}$ are the normal derivatives in those directions. When $pequiv 1$ we will show that the above characteristic boundary value problem has real, discrete eigenvalues and corresponding eigenfunctions that are complete and orthogonal in $L_2(T$. We will also investigate the case where $pgeq 0$ is an arbitrary continuous function in $T$.
Symmetry approach in boundary value problems
Habibullin, I. T.
1995-01-01
The problem of construction of the boundary conditions for nonlinear equations is considered compatible with their higher symmetries. Boundary conditions for the sine-Gordon, Jiber-Shabat and KdV equations are discussed. New examples are found for the Jiber-Shabat equation.
Boundary value problems on product domains
Ehsani, Dariush
2005-01-01
We consider the inhomogeneous Dirichlet problem on product domains. The main result is the asymptotic expansion of the solution in terms of increasing smoothness up to the boundary. In particular, we show the exact nature of the singularities of the solution at singularities of the boundary by constructing singular functions which make up an asymptotic expansion of the solution.
Geodesic boundary value problems with symmetry
Cotter, C J
2009-01-01
This paper shows how left and right actions of Lie groups on a manifold may be used to complement one another in a variational reformulation of optimal control problems equivalently as geodesic boundary value problems with symmetry. We prove an equivalence theorem to this effect and illustrate it with several examples. In finite-dimensions, we discuss geodesic flows on the Lie groups SO(3) and SE(3) under the left and right actions of their respective Lie algebras. In an infinite-dimensional example, we discuss optimal large-deformation matching of one closed curve to another embedded in the same plane. In the curve-matching example, the manifold $\\Emb(S^1, \\mathbb{R}^2)$ comprises the space of closed curves $S^1$ embedded in the plane $\\mathbb{R}^2$. The diffeomorphic left action $\\Diff(\\mathbb{R}^2)$ deforms the curve by a smooth invertible time-dependent transformation of the coordinate system in which it is embedded, while leaving the parameterisation of the curve invariant. The diffeomorphic right action...
Spherical gravitational curvature boundary-value problem
Šprlák, Michal; Novák, Pavel
2016-08-01
Values of scalar, vector and second-order tensor parameters of the Earth's gravitational field have been collected by various sensors in geodesy and geophysics. Such observables have been widely exploited in different parametrization methods for the gravitational field modelling. Moreover, theoretical aspects of these quantities have extensively been studied and well understood. On the other hand, new sensors for observing gravitational curvatures, i.e., components of the third-order gravitational tensor, are currently under development. As the gravitational curvatures represent new types of observables, their exploitation for modelling of the Earth's gravitational field is a subject of this study. Firstly, the gravitational curvature tensor is decomposed into six parts which are expanded in terms of third-order tensor spherical harmonics. Secondly, gravitational curvature boundary-value problems defined for four combinations of the gravitational curvatures are formulated and solved in spectral and spatial domains. Thirdly, properties of the corresponding sub-integral kernels are investigated. The presented mathematical formulations reveal some important properties of the gravitational curvatures and extend the so-called Meissl scheme, i.e., an important theoretical framework that relates various parameters of the Earth's gravitational field.
Boundary Value Problems Arising in Kalman Filtering
Sinem Ertürk; Zeka Mazhar; Agamirza Bashirov
2008-01-01
The classic Kalman filtering equations for independent and correlated white noises are ordinary differential equations (deterministic or stochastic) with the respective initial conditions. Changing the noise processes by taking them to be more realistic wide band noises or delayed white noises creates challenging partial differential equations with initial and boundary conditions. In this paper, we are aimed to give a survey of this connection between Kalman filtering and boundary value probl...
State-dependent impulses boundary value problems on compact interval
Rachůnková, Irena
2015-01-01
This book offers the reader a new approach to the solvability of boundary value problems with state-dependent impulses and provides recently obtained existence results for state dependent impulsive problems with general linear boundary conditions. It covers fixed-time impulsive boundary value problems both regular and singular and deals with higher order differential equations or with systems that are subject to general linear boundary conditions. We treat state-dependent impulsive boundary value problems, including a new approach giving effective conditions for the solvability of the Dirichlet problem with one state-dependent impulse condition and we show that the depicted approach can be extended to problems with a finite number of state-dependent impulses. We investigate the Sturm–Liouville boundary value problem for a more general right-hand side of a differential equation. Finally, we offer generalizations to higher order differential equations or differential systems subject to general linear boundary...
Partial differential equations IX elliptic boundary value problems
Egorov, Yu; Shubin, M
1997-01-01
This EMS volume gives an overview of the modern theory of elliptic boundary value problems. The contribution by M.S. Agranovich is devoted to differential elliptic boundary problems, mainly in smooth bounded domains, and their spectral properties. This article continues his contribution to EMS 63. The contribution by A. Brenner and E. Shargorodsky concerns the theory of boundary value problems for elliptic pseudodifferential operators. Problems both with and without the transmission property, as well as parameter-dependent problems are considered. The article by B. Plamenevskij deals with general differential elliptic boundary value problems in domains with singularities.
Free Boundary Value Problems for Abstract Elliptic Equations and Applications
Veli SHAKHMUROV
2011-01-01
The free boundary value problems for elliptic differential-operator equations are studied.Several conditions for the uniform maximal regularity with respect to boundary parameters and the Fredholmness in abstract Lp-spaces are given.In application,the nonlocal free boundary problems for finite or infinite systems of elliptic and anisotropic type equations are studied.
Solvability of a nonlinear boundary value problem
S. Peres
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We study the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions of a nonlinear second order ordinary differential equation with symmetric nonlinear boundary conditions where both of the nonlinearities are of power type.
Boundary value problems and Fourier expansions
MacCluer, Charles R
2004-01-01
Based on modern Sobolev methods, this text for advanced undergraduates and graduate students is highly physical in its orientation. It integrates numerical methods and symbolic manipulation into an elegant viewpoint that is consonant with implementation by digital computer. The first five sections form an informal introduction that develops students' physical and mathematical intuition. The following section introduces Hilbert space in its natural environment, and the next six sections pose and solve the standard problems. The final seven sections feature concise introductions to selected topi
Positive Solutions for Boundary Value Problems with Fractional Order
Mouffak Benchohra
2013-02-01
Full Text Available In this paper we investigate the existence of at least one, two positive solutions by using the Krasnoselskii fixed-point theorem in cones for nonlinear boundary value problem with fractional order.
Positive Solutions for Higher Order Singular -Laplacian Boundary Value Problems
Guoliang Shi; Junhong Zhang
2008-05-01
This paper investigates $2m-\\mathrm{th}(m≥ 2)$ order singular -Laplacian boundary value problems, and obtains the necessary and sufficient conditions for existence of positive solutions for sublinear 2-th order singular -Laplacian BVPs on closed interval.
BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM TO DYNAMIC EQUATION ON TIME SCALE
无
2011-01-01
In this paper we consider a nonlinear first-order boundary value problem on a time scale. The existence results of three positive solutions are obtained using fixed point theorems. Finally,examples are presented to illustrate the main results.
Boundary value problems of discrete generalized Emden-Fowler equation
YU; Jianshe; GUO; Zhiming
2006-01-01
By using the critical point theory, some sufficient conditions for the existence of the solutions to the boundary value problems of a discrete generalized Emden-Fowler equation are obtained. In a special case, a sharp condition is obtained for the existence of the boundary value problems of the above equation. For a linear case, by the discrete variational theory, a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence, uniqueness and multiplicity of the solutions is also established.
Solvability of a fourth order boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions
Chaitan P. Gupta
1988-01-01
Full Text Available Fourth order boundary value problems arise in the study of the equilibrium of an elastaic beam under an external load. The author earlier investigated the existence and uniqueness of the solutions of the nonlinear analogues of fourth order boundary value problems that arise in the equilibrium of an elastic beam depending on how the ends of the beam are supported. This paper concerns the existence and uniqueness of solutions of the fourth order boundary value problems with periodic boundary conditions.
Solvability of a fourth order boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions
Chaitan P. Gupta
1988-01-01
Fourth order boundary value problems arise in the study of the equilibrium of an elastaic beam under an external load. The author earlier investigated the existence and uniqueness of the solutions of the nonlinear analogues of fourth order boundary value problems that arise in the equilibrium of an elastic beam depending on how the ends of the beam are supported. This paper concerns the existence and uniqueness of solutions of the fourth order boundary value problems with periodic boundary co...
Modified Differential Transform Method for Two Singular Boundary Values Problems
Yinwei Lin
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the two singular boundary values problems of second order. Two singular points are both boundary values points of the differential equation. The numerical solutions are developed by modified differential transform method (DTM for expanded point. Linear and nonlinear models are solved by this method to get more reliable and efficient numerical results. It can also solve ordinary differential equations where the traditional one fails. Besides, we give the convergence of this new method.
Integral Formulation of the Boundary Value Problem in Waveguides.
Sancho, M.
1980-01-01
Presents an integral approach to the boundary value problem in waveguides deduced from the Kirchoff's integral formulation of the electromagnetic field. Also, the basis for the numerical solution of more general problems is given, including the example of the isosceles right triangular guide. (Author/SK)
Local solution for a class of mixed boundary value problems
A local method is developed for solving locally partial differential equations with mixed boundary conditions. The method is based on a heuristic idea, properties of diffusion processes, stopping times and the Ito formula for semimartingales. According to the heuristic idea, the diffusion process used for solving locally a partial differential with mixed boundary conditions is stopped when it reaches a Neumann boundary and then restarted inside the domain of definition of this equation at a point depending on the Neumann conditions. The proposed method is illustrated and its accuracy assessed by two simple numerical examples solving locally mixed boundary value problems in one and two space dimensions
Nonlinear Second-Order Multivalued Boundary Value Problems
Leszek Gasiński; Nikolaos S Papageorgiou
2003-08-01
In this paper we study nonlinear second-order differential inclusions involving the ordinary vector -Laplacian, a multivalued maximal monotone operator and nonlinear multivalued boundary conditions. Our framework is general and unifying and incorporates gradient systems, evolutionary variational inequalities and the classical boundary value problems, namely the Dirichlet, the Neumann and the periodic problems. Using notions and techniques from the nonlinear operatory theory and from multivalued analysis, we obtain solutions for both the `convex' and `nonconvex' problems. Finally, we present the cases of special interest, which fit into our framework, illustrating the generality of our results.
On weak solvability of boundary value problems for elliptic systems
Ponce, Felipe; Lebedev, Leonid,; Rendón, Leonardo,
2013-01-01
This paper concerns with existence and uniqueness of a weak solution for elliptic systems of partial differential equations with mixed boundary conditions. The proof is based on establishing the coerciveness of bilinear forms, related with the system of equations, which depend on first-order derivatives of vector functions in Rn. The condition of coerciveness relates to Korn's type inequalities. The result is illustrated by an example of boundary value problems for a class of elliptic equatio...
Solvability for fractional order boundary value problems at resonance
Hu Zhigang; Liu Wenbin
2011-01-01
Abstract In this paper, by using the coincidence degree theory, we consider the following boundary value problem for fractional differential equation D 0 + α x ( t ) = f ( t , x ( t ) , x ′ ( t ) , x ″ ( t ) ) , t ∈ [ 0 , 1 ] , x ( 0 ) = x ( 1 ) , x ′ ( 0 ) = x ″ ( 0 ) = 0 , where D 0 + α denotes the Caputo fractional differential o...
Robust Monotone Iterates for Nonlinear Singularly Perturbed Boundary Value Problems
Boglaev Igor
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper is concerned with solving nonlinear singularly perturbed boundary value problems. Robust monotone iterates for solving nonlinear difference scheme are constructed. Uniform convergence of the monotone methods is investigated, and convergence rates are estimated. Numerical experiments complement the theoretical results.
Fourth-order discrete anisotropic boundary-value problems
Maciej Leszczynski
2015-09-01
Full Text Available In this article we consider the fourth-order discrete anisotropic boundary value problem with both advance and retardation. We apply the direct method of the calculus of variations and the mountain pass technique to prove the existence of at least one and at least two solutions. Non-existence of non-trivial solutions is also undertaken.
Riemann boundary value problem for triharmonic equation in higher space.
Gu, Longfei
2014-01-01
We mainly deal with the boundary value problem for triharmonic function with value in a universal Clifford algebra: Δ(3)[u](x) = 0, x ∈ R (n)\\∂Ω, u (+)(x) = u (-)(x)G(x) + g(x), x ∈ ∂Ω, (D (j) u)(+)(x) = (D (j) u)(-)(x)A j + f j (x), x ∈ ∂Ω, u(∞) = 0, where (j = 1,…, 5) ∂Ω is a Lyapunov surface in R (n) , D = ∑ k=1 (n) e k (∂/∂x k) is the Dirac operator, and u(x) = ∑ A e A u A (x) are unknown functions with values in a universal Clifford algebra Cl(V n,n). Under some hypotheses, it is proved that the boundary value problem has a unique solution. PMID:25114963
Solution of Boundary-Value Problems using Kantorovich Method
Gusev, A. A.; Hai, L. L.; Chuluunbaatar, O.; Vinitsky, S. I.; Derbov, V. L.
2016-02-01
We propose a computational scheme for solving the eigenvalue problem for an elliptic differential equation in a two-dimensional domain with Dirichlet boundary conditions. The solution is sought in the form of Kantorovich expansion over the basis functions of one of the independent variables with the second variable treated as a parameter. The basis functions are calculated as solutions of the parametric eigenvalue problem for an ordinary second-order differential equation. As a result, the initial problem is reduced to a boundary-value problem for a set of self-adjoint second-order differential equations for functions of the second independent variable. The discrete formulation of the problem is implemented using the finite element method with Hermite interpolation polynomials. The effciency of the calculation scheme is shown by benchmark calculations for a square membrane with a degenerate spectrum.
Solution of Boundary-Value Problems using Kantorovich Method
Gusev A.A.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available We propose a computational scheme for solving the eigenvalue problem for an elliptic differential equation in a two-dimensional domain with Dirichlet boundary conditions. The solution is sought in the form of Kantorovich expansion over the basis functions of one of the independent variables with the second variable treated as a parameter. The basis functions are calculated as solutions of the parametric eigenvalue problem for an ordinary second-order differential equation. As a result, the initial problem is reduced to a boundary-value problem for a set of self-adjoint second-order differential equations for functions of the second independent variable. The discrete formulation of the problem is implemented using the finite element method with Hermite interpolation polynomials. The effciency of the calculation scheme is shown by benchmark calculations for a square membrane with a degenerate spectrum.
任景莉; 葛渭高
2003-01-01
A boundary value problems f or functional differenatial equations, with nonlinear boundary condition, is studied by the theorem of differential inequality. Using new method to construct the upper solution and lower solution, sufficient conditions for the existence of the problems' solution are established. A uniformly valid asymptotic expansions of the solution is also given.
Linear boundary value problems for differential algebraic equations
Balla, Katalin; März, Roswitha
2003-01-01
By the use of the corresponding shift matrix, the paper gives a criterion for the unique solvability of linear boundary value problems posed for linear differential algebraic equations up to index 2 with well-matched leading coefficients. The solution is constructed by a proper Green function. Another characterization of the solutions is based upon the description of arbitrary affine linear subspaces of solutions to linear differential algebraic equations in terms of solutions to the adjoint ...
Boundary value problems with incremental plasticity in granular media
Chung, T. J.; Lee, J. K.; Costes, N. C.
1974-01-01
Discussion of the critical state concept in terms of an incremental theory of plasticity in granular (soil) media, and formulation of the governing equations which are convenient for a computational scheme using the finite element method. It is shown that the critical state concept with its representation by the classical incremental theory of plasticity can provide a powerful means for solving a wide variety of boundary value problems in soil media.
Iterative schemes for nonsymmetric and indefinite elliptic boundary value problems
The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first is to describe some simple and robust iterative schemes for nonsymmetric and indefinite elliptic boundary value problems. The schemes are based in the Sobolev space H (Ω) and require minimal hypotheses. The second is to develop algorithms utilizing a coarse-grid approximation. This leads to iteration matrices whose eigenvalues lie in the right half of the complex plane. In fact, for symmetric indefinite problems, the iteration is reduced to a well-conditioned symmetric positive definite system which can be solved by conjugate gradient interation. Applications of the general theory as well as numerical examples are given. 20 refs., 8 tabs
Mo Jiaqi
2007-01-01
A class of nonlinear initial boundary value problems for reaction diffusion equations with boundary perturbation is considered. Under suitable conditions and using the theory of differential inequalities the asymptotic solution of the initial boundary value problems is studied.
Periodic and boundary value problems for second order differential inclusions
Michela Palmucci
2001-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper we study differential inclusions with boundary conditions in which the vector field F(t,x,y is a multifunction with Caratheodory type conditions. We consider, first, the case which F has values in ℝ and we establish the existence of extremal solutions in the order interval determined by the lower and the upper solution. Then we prove the existence of solutions for a Dirichlet problem in the case in which F takes their values in a Hilbert space.
Fractional Extensions of some Boundary Value Problems in Oil Strata
Mridula Garg; Alka Rao
2007-05-01
In the present paper, we solve three boundary value problems related to the temperature field in oil strata - the fractional extensions of the incomplete lumped formulation and lumped formulation in the linear case and the fractional generalization of the incomplete lumped formulation in the radial case. By using the Caputo differintegral operator and the Laplace transform, the solutions are obtained in integral forms where the integrand is expressed in terms of the convolution of some auxiliary functions of Wright function type. A generalization of the Laplace transform convolution theorem, known as Efros’ theorem is widely used.
Boundary-value problems for x-analytical functions with weighted boundary conditions
Kapshivyi, A.A. [Kiev Univ. (Ukraine)
1994-11-10
We consider boundary-value problems for x-analytical functions of a complex variable z = x + iy in a number of domains. Limit values with the weight (ln x){sup {minus}1} are given for the real part of the x-analytical function on the sections of the boundary that follow the imaginary axis, and simple limits are given for the real part of the x-analytical functions on the part of the boundary outside the imaginary axis. The apparatus of integral representations of x-analytical functions is applied to obtain a solution of the problem in quadratures.
无
2008-01-01
In this paper, we discuss the stability of general compound boundary value prob-lems combining Riemann boundary value problem for an open arc and Hilbert bound-ary value problem for a unit circle with respect to the perturbation of boundary curve.
An Adaptive Pseudospectral Method for Fractional Order Boundary Value Problems
Mohammad Maleki
2012-01-01
Full Text Available An adaptive pseudospectral method is presented for solving a class of multiterm fractional boundary value problems (FBVP which involve Caputo-type fractional derivatives. The multiterm FBVP is first converted into a singular Volterra integrodifferential equation (SVIDE. By dividing the interval of the problem to subintervals, the unknown function is approximated using a piecewise interpolation polynomial with unknown coefficients which is based on shifted Legendre-Gauss (ShLG collocation points. Then the problem is reduced to a system of algebraic equations, thus greatly simplifying the problem. Further, some additional conditions are considered to maintain the continuity of the approximate solution and its derivatives at the interface of subintervals. In order to convert the singular integrals of SVIDE into nonsingular ones, integration by parts is utilized. In the method developed in this paper, the accuracy can be improved either by increasing the number of subintervals or by increasing the degree of the polynomial on each subinterval. Using several examples including Bagley-Torvik equation the proposed method is shown to be efficient and accurate.
Monotone positive solution for three-point boundary value problem
SUN Yong-ping
2008-01-01
In this paper, the existence of monotone positive solution for the following secondorder three-point boundary value problem is studied:x"(t)+f(t,x(t))=0,0
Partial differential equations & boundary value problems with Maple
Articolo, George A
2009-01-01
Partial Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems with Maple presents all of the material normally covered in a standard course on partial differential equations, while focusing on the natural union between this material and the powerful computational software, Maple. The Maple commands are so intuitive and easy to learn, students can learn what they need to know about the software in a matter of hours- an investment that provides substantial returns. Maple''s animation capabilities allow students and practitioners to see real-time displays of the solutions of partial differential equations. Maple files can be found on the books website. Ancillary list: Maple files- http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123747327 Provides a quick overview of the software w/simple commands needed to get startedIncludes review material on linear algebra and Ordinary Differential equations, and their contribution in solving partial differential equationsIncorporates an early introduction to Sturm-L...
The boundary value problem for discrete analytic functions
Skopenkov, Mikhail
2013-06-01
This paper is on further development of discrete complex analysis introduced by R.Isaacs, J.Ferrand, R.Duffin, and C.Mercat. We consider a graph lying in the complex plane and having quadrilateral faces. A function on the vertices is called discrete analytic, if for each face the difference quotients along the two diagonals are equal.We prove that the Dirichlet boundary value problem for the real part of a discrete analytic function has a unique solution. In the case when each face has orthogonal diagonals we prove that this solution uniformly converges to a harmonic function in the scaling limit. This solves a problem of S.Smirnov from 2010. This was proved earlier by R.Courant-K.Friedrichs-H.Lewy and L.Lusternik for square lattices, by D.Chelkak-S.Smirnov and implicitly by P.G.Ciarlet-P.-A.Raviart for rhombic lattices.In particular, our result implies uniform convergence of the finite element method on Delaunay triangulations. This solves a problem of A.Bobenko from 2011. The methodology is based on energy estimates inspired by alternating-current network theory. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
莫嘉琪
2003-01-01
The nonlinear predator-prey singularly perturbed Robin initial boundary value problems for reaction diffusion systems were considered. Under suitable conditions, using theory of differential inequalities the existence and asymptotic behavior of solution for initial boundary value problems were studied.
A Priori Estimates for Solutions of Boundary Value Problems for Fractional-Order Equations
Alikhanov, A A
2011-01-01
We consider boundary value problems of the first and third kind for the diffusionwave equation. By using the method of energy inequalities, we find a priori estimates for the solutions of these boundary value problems.
SINGULARLY PERTURBED BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ELLIPTIC EQUATION WITH A CURVE OF TURNING POINT
MoJiaqi
2002-01-01
The singularly perturbed elliptic equation boundary value problem with a curve of turning point is considered. Using the method of multiple scales and the comparison theorem,the asymptotic behavior of solution for the boundary value problem is studied.
Dirichlet-Neumann bracketing for boundary-value problems on graphs
Sonja Currie
2005-08-01
Full Text Available We consider the spectral structure of second order boundary-value problems on graphs. A variational formulation for boundary-value problems on graphs is given. As a consequence we can formulate an analogue of Dirichlet-Neumann bracketing for boundary-value problems on graphs. This in turn gives rise to eigenvalue and eigenfunction asymptotic approximations.
First and second fundamental boundary value problems of spiral plate
Complex variable methods and Laplace and Riemann-Milne transforms are used to solve the first and second fundamental boundary problems of the spiral plate. The Goursat functions are derived in closed form. The case of the wedge plate is included as a special case. (author)
Solvability of a fourth-order boundary value problem with periodic boundary conditions II
Chaitan P. Gupta
1991-01-01
Let f:[0,1]×R4→R be a function satisfying Caratheodory's conditions and e(x)∈L1[0,1]. This paper is concerned with the solvability of the fourth-order fully quasilinear boundary value problem d4udx4+f(x,u(x),u′(x),u″(x),u‴(x))=e(x), 0
Chen Guowang; Xue Hongxia
2008-01-01
In this article, the existence, uniqueness and regularities of the global gener-alized solution and global classical solution for the periodic boundary value problem and the Cauchy problem of the general cubic double dispersion equation utt -uxx-auxxtt+bux4 - duxxt= f(u)xx are proved, and the sufficient conditions of blow-up of the solutions for the Cauchy problems in finite time are given.
Ray tracing in relativistic astrometry: the boundary value problem
Relativistic astrometry has recently become an active field of research owing to new observational technologies which allow for accuracies of a microarcsecond. To assure this accuracy in data analysis, one has to perform ray tracing in a general relativistic framework including terms of the order of (v/c)3 in the weak field treatment of Einstein equations applied to the solar system. Basic to the solution of a ray tracing problem are the boundary conditions that one has to fix from the observational data. In this paper we solve this problem to (v/c)3 in a fully analytical way
A kernel-free boundary integral method for elliptic boundary value problems
Ying, Wenjun; Henriquez, Craig S.
2007-12-01
This paper presents a class of kernel-free boundary integral (KFBI) methods for general elliptic boundary value problems (BVPs). The boundary integral equations reformulated from the BVPs are solved iteratively with the GMRES method. During the iteration, the boundary and volume integrals involving Green's functions are approximated by structured grid-based numerical solutions, which avoids the need to know the analytical expressions of Green's functions. The KFBI method assumes that the larger regular domain, which embeds the original complex domain, can be easily partitioned into a hierarchy of structured grids so that fast elliptic solvers such as the fast Fourier transform (FFT) based Poisson/Helmholtz solvers or those based on geometric multigrid iterations are applicable. The structured grid-based solutions are obtained with standard finite difference method (FDM) or finite element method (FEM), where the right hand side of the resulting linear system is appropriately modified at irregular grid nodes to recover the formal accuracy of the underlying numerical scheme. Numerical results demonstrating the efficiency and accuracy of the KFBI methods are presented. It is observed that the number of GMRES iterations used by the method for solving isotropic and moderately anisotropic BVPs is independent of the sizes of the grids that are employed to approximate the boundary and volume integrals. With the standard second-order FEMs and FDMs, the KFBI method shows a second-order convergence rate in accuracy for all of the tested Dirichlet/Neumann BVPs when the anisotropy of the diffusion tensor is not too strong.
Existence of Positive Solutions for Higher Order Boundary Value Problem on Time Scales
XIE DA-PENG; LIU YANG; SUN MING-ZHE; Li Yong
2013-01-01
In this paper,we investigate the existence of positive solutions of a class higher order boundary value problems on time scales.The class of boundary value problems educes a four-point (or three-point or two-point) boundary value problems,for which some similar results are established.Our approach relies on the Krasnosel'skii fixed point theorem.The result of this paper is new and extends previously known results.
An initial-boundary value problem for three-dimensional Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation
Faminskii, Andrei V.
2016-02-01
An initial-boundary value problem with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions for three-dimensional Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation is considered. Results on global existence, uniqueness and large-time decay of weak solutions in certain weighted spaces are established.
LIMIT BEHAVIOUR OF SOLUTIONS TO EQUIVALUED SURFACE BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR PARABOLIC EQUATIONS
LI Fengquan
2002-01-01
In this paper, we discuss the limit behaviour of solutions to equivalued surface boundary value problem for parabolic equations when the equivalued surface boundary shrinks to a point and the space dimension of the domain is two or more.
A.S. BERDYSHEV; A. CABADA; B.Kh. TURMETOV
2014-01-01
This paper is concerned with the solvability of a boundary value problem for a nonhomogeneous biharmonic equation. The boundary data is determined by a differential operator of fractional order in the Riemann-Liouville sense. The considered problem is a generalization of the known Dirichlet and Neumann problems.
Existence of Solutions for Nonlinear Four-Point -Laplacian Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales
Topal SGulsan
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We are concerned with proving the existence of positive solutions of a nonlinear second-order four-point boundary value problem with a -Laplacian operator on time scales. The proofs are based on the fixed point theorems concerning cones in a Banach space. Existence result for -Laplacian boundary value problem is also given by the monotone method.
Liu Yuji
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract This paper deals with the existence of solutions of the periodic boundary value problem of the impulsive Duffing equations: . Sufficient conditions are established for the existence of at least one solution of above-mentioned boundary value problem. Our method is based upon Schaeffer's fixed-point theorem. Examples are presented to illustrate the efficiency of the obtained results.
m-POINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR SECOND ORDER IMPULSIVE DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION AT RESONANCE
无
2012-01-01
In his paper,we obtain a general theorem concerning the existence of solutions to an m-point boundary value problem for the second-order differential equation with impulses.Moreover,the result can also be applied to study the usual m-point boundary value problem at resonance without impulses.
Boundary value problem for the linearized Boltzmann equation in a weakly ionized plasma
A simulated problem for transport of charged particles in a neutral gas and weakly ionized plasma is considered. Boundary value problem for the model is formulated and its estimation by a given boundary function is performed. Galerkin method is applied for obtaining an approximate solution of the problem. (author)
Boundary value problems on the half line in the theory of colloids
Ravi P. Agarwal
2002-01-01
Full Text Available We present existence results for some boundary value problems defined on infinite intervals. In particular our discussion includes a problem which arises in the theory of colloids.
On solvability of some boundary value problems for a biharmonic equation with periodic conditions
Karachik, Valery V.; Massanov, Saparbay K.; Turmetov, Batirkhan Kh.
2016-08-01
In the paper we study questions about solvability of some boundary value problems with periodic conditions for an inhomogeneous biharmonic equation. The exact conditions for solvability of the problems are found.
A boundary value problem for first order strictly hyperbolic systems on the plane
Soldatov, Alexander P.; Zhura, Nikolay A.
2015-11-01
Boundary value problems, more precisely Dirichlet's problem for a string equation, or for an equivalent system of first order equations have been first studied in the first half of last century ([1] - [9]). The interest to these problems has been big ever since, see e.g. [10, 11]. All these papers have looked into the boundary value problems in a finite domains in the plane. Strictly hyperbolic systems with more than two characteristics in infinite domains, have been studied in [12, 13]. The question of boundary value problems for a hyperbolic system of equations with more than two characteristics in finite domain on the plane, when a boundary conditions are prescribed at a whole boundary of the domain, evidently remained open. In this paper, we study this problem in a finite domain on the plane for a hyperbolic system of equations of the first order with constant coefficients and with three mutually distinct characteristics.
无
2001-01-01
This paper deals with boundary value problems for linear uniformly elliptic systems. First the general linear uniformly elliptic system of the first order equations is reduced to complex form, and then the compound boundary value problem for the complex equations of the first order is discussed. The approximate solutions of the boundary value problem are found by the variation-difference method, and the error estimates for the approximate solutions are derived.Finally the approximate method of the oblique derivative problem for linear uniformly elliptic equations of the second or der is introduced.
Electromagnetic wave theory for boundary-value problems an advanced course on analytical methods
Eom, Hyo J
2004-01-01
Electromagnetic wave theory is based on Maxwell's equations, and electromagnetic boundary-value problems must be solved to understand electromagnetic scattering, propagation, and radiation. Electromagnetic theory finds practical applications in wireless telecommunications and microwave engineering. This book is written as a text for a two-semester graduate course on electromagnetic wave theory. As such, Electromagnetic Wave Theory for Boundary-Value Problems is intended to help students enhance analytic skills by solving pertinent boundary-value problems. In particular, the techniques of Fourier transform, mode matching, and residue calculus are utilized to solve some canonical scattering and radiation problems.
Local existence of solution to free boundary value problem for compressible Navier-Stokes equations
Liu, Jian
2015-01-01
This paper is concerned with the free boundary value problem for multi-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations with density-dependent viscosity where the flow density vanishes continuously across the free boundary. A local (in time) existence of weak solution is established, in particular, the density is positive and the solution is regular away from the free boundary.
Alekseev, Gennady
2016-04-01
We consider the boundary value problem for stationary magnetohydrodynamic equations of electrically and heat conducting fluid under inhomogeneous mixed boundary conditions for electromagnetic field and temperature and Dirichlet condition for the velocity. The problem describes the thermoelectromagnetic flow of a viscous fluid in 3D bounded domain with the boundary consisting of several parts with different thermo- and electrophysical properties. The global solvability of the boundary value problem is proved and the apriori estimates of the solution are derived. The sufficient conditions on the data are established which provide a local uniqueness of the solution.
Periodic and Boundary Value Problems for Second Order Differential Equations
Nikolaos S Papageorgiou; Francesca Papalini
2001-02-01
In this paper we study second order scalar differential equations with Sturm–Liouville and periodic boundary conditions. The vector field (, , ) is Caratheodory and in some instances the continuity condition on or is replaced by a monotonicity type hypothesis. Using the method of upper and lower solutions as well as truncation and penalization techniques, we show the existence of solutions and extremal solutions in the order interval determined by the upper and lower solutions. Also we establish some properties of the solutions and of the set they form.
The boundary value problems for the scalar Oseen equation
Medková, Dagmar; Skopin, E.; Varnhorn, W.
2012-01-01
Roč. 285, 17-18 (2012), s. 2208-2221. ISSN 0025-584X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP201/11/1304 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : scalar Oseen equation * Dirichlet problem * Neumann problem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.576, year: 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/mana.201100219/abstract
Boundary value problems for the Helmholtz equation in a half-plane
Chandler-Wilde, SN
1994-01-01
The Dirichlet and impedance boundary value problems for the Helmholtz equation in a half-plane with bounded continuous boundary data are studied. For the Dirichlet problem the solution can be constructed explicitly. We point out that, for wavenumbers k > 0, the solution, although it satisfies a limiting absorption principle, may increase in magnitude with distance from the boundary. Using the explicit solution we propose a novel radiation condition which we utilise in formulating the impedanc...
Resonance and multiplicity in periodic boundary value problems with singularity
Rachůnková, I.; Tvrdý, Milan; Vrkoč, Ivo
2003-01-01
Roč. 128, č. 1 (2003), s. 45-70. ISSN 0862-7959 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/01/1451; GA ČR GA201/01/1199 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1019905; CEZ:AV0Z1019905 Keywords : second order nonlinear ordinary differential equation * periodic problem * lower and upper functions Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
On Neumann boundary value problems for some quasilinear elliptic equations
Paul A. Binding
1997-01-01
Full Text Available function $a(x$ on the existence of positive solutions to the problem $$left{ eqalign{ -{ m div},(|abla u|^{p-2}abla u&= lambda a(x|u|^{p-2}u+b(x|u|^{gamma-2}u, quad xinOmega, cr x{partial u overpartial n}&=0, quad xinpartialOmega,,} ight. $$ where $Omega$ is a smooth bounded domain in $R^n$, $b$ changes sign, $1
problem has a positive solution. (ii if $int_Omega a(x, dx=0$, then the problem has a positive solution for small $lambda$ provided that $int_Omega b(x,dx<0$.
Asymptotic Solution of the Theory of Shells Boundary Value Problem
I. V. Andrianov
2007-01-01
Full Text Available This paper provides a state-of-the-art review of asymptotic methods in the theory of plates and shells. Asymptotic methods of solving problems related to theory of plates and shells have been developed by many authors. The main features of our paper are: (i it is devoted to the fundamental principles of asymptotic approaches, and (ii it deals with both traditional approaches, and less widely used, new approaches. The authors have paid special attention to examples and discussion of results rather than to burying the ideas in formalism, notation, and technical details.
Benaouda Hedia
2015-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper we investigate the existence three positives solutions by using Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem in cones for three boundary value problem with fractional order and infinite delay.
Existence Results for Higher-Order Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales
Sang Yanbin; Liu Jian
2009-01-01
By using the fixed-point index theorem, we consider the existence of positive solutions for the following nonlinear higher-order four-point singular boundary value problem on time scales , ; , ; , ; , , where , , , , , , , and is rd-continuous.
Ma Ruyun; Xu Youji; Gao Chenghua
2009-01-01
Let be an integer with , , . We consider boundary value problems of nonlinear second-order difference equations of the form , , , where , and, for , and , , . We investigate the global structure of positive solutions by using the Rabinowitz's global bifurcation theorem.
On a periodic boundary value problem for second-order linear functional differential equations
Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan
2005-01-01
Roč. 3, - (2005), s. 247-261. ISSN 1687-2762 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : second order linear functional differential equation * periodic boundary value problem * unique solvability Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
On the Approximate Controllability of Some Semilinear Parabolic Boundary-Value Problems
We prove the approximate controllability of several nonlinear parabolic boundary-value problems by means of two different methods: the first one can be called a Cancellation method and the second one uses the Kakutani fixed-point theorem
Positive solutions for a third-order three-point boundary-value problem
Torres, Francisco J.
2013-01-01
In this article, we study the existence of positive solutions to a nonlinear third-order three point boundary value problem. The main tools are Krasnosel'skii fixed point theorem on cones, and the fixed point index theory.
Zhao Ya-Hong
2010-01-01
Full Text Available We investigate the following nonlinear first-order periodic boundary value problem on time scales: , , . Some new existence criteria of positive solutions are established by using the monotone iterative technique.
LIMIT BEHAVIOUR OF SOLUTIONS TO EQUIVALUED SURFACE BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR PARABOLIC EQUATIONS
LiFengquan
2002-01-01
In this paper,we discuss the limit behaviour of solutions to equivalued surface boundayr value problem for parabolic equatiopns when the equivalued surface boundary shriks to a point and the space dimension of the domain is two or more.
Existence and uniqueness of solutions for a Neumann boundary-value problem
Safia Benmansour
2011-09-01
Full Text Available In this article, we show the existence and uniqueness of positive solutions for perturbed Neumann boundary-value problems of second-order differential equations. We use a fixed point theorem for general $alpha$-concave operators.
Existence of Three Positive Solutions to Some p-Laplacian Boundary Value Problems
Moulay Rchid Sidi Ammi
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We obtain, by using the Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem, sufficient conditions that ensure the existence of at least three positive solutions to some p-Laplacian boundary value problems on time scales.
Closed form solution to a second order boundary value problem and its application in fluid mechanics
The Adomian decomposition method is used by many researchers to investigate several scientific models. In this Letter, the modified Adomian decomposition method is applied to construct a closed form solution for a second order boundary value problem with singularity
Completed Beltrami-Michell formulation for analyzing mixed boundary value problems in elasticity
Patnaik, Surya N.; Kaljevic, Igor; Hopkins, Dale A.; Saigal, Sunil
1995-01-01
In elasticity, the method of forces, wherein stress parameters are considered as the primary unknowns, is known as the Beltrami-Michell formulation (BMF). The existing BMF can only solve stress boundary value problems; it cannot handle the more prevalent displacement of mixed boundary value problems of elasticity. Therefore, this formulation, which has restricted application, could not become a true alternative to the Navier's displacement method, which can solve all three types of boundary value problems. The restrictions in the BMF have been alleviated by augmenting the classical formulation with a novel set of conditions identified as the boundary compatibility conditions. This new method, which completes the classical force formulation, has been termed the completed Beltrami-Michell formulation (CBMF). The CBMF can solve general elasticity problems with stress, displacement, and mixed boundary conditions in terms of stresses as the primary unknowns. The CBMF is derived from the stationary condition of the variational functional of the integrated force method. In the CBMF, stresses for kinematically stable structures can be obtained without any reference to the displacements either in the field or on the boundary. This paper presents the CBMF and its derivation from the variational functional of the integrated force method. Several examples are presented to demonstrate the applicability of the completed formulation for analyzing mixed boundary value problems under thermomechanical loads. Selected example problems include a cylindrical shell wherein membrane and bending responses are coupled, and a composite circular plate.
Well-posed initial-boundary value problems for the Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation
Andrei V. Faminskii
2008-09-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with non-homogeneous initial-boundary value problems for the Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation, which is one of the variants of multidimensional generalizations of the Korteweg-de Vries equation. Results on local and global well-posedness are established in a scale of Sobolev-type spaces under natural assumptions on initial and boundary data.
Boundary value problems and the validity of the Post constraint in modern electromagnetism
Lakhtakia, Akhlesh
2005-01-01
When a (frequency-domain) boundary value problem involving a homogeneous linear material is solved to assess the validity of the Post constraint, a conflict arises between the fundamental differential equations of electromagnetism in the chosen material and a naive application of the usual boundary conditions. It is shown here that the conflict vanishes when the boundary conditions are properly derived from the fundamental equations, and the validity of the Post constraint in modern macroscop...
Dirichlet boundary-value problem for Chern-Simons modified gravity
Chern-Simons modified gravity comprises the Einstein-Hilbert action and a higher-derivative interaction containing the Chern-Pontryagin density. We derive the analog of the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term required to render the Dirichlet boundary-value problem well defined. It turns out to be a boundary Chern-Simons action for the extrinsic curvature. We address applications to black hole thermodynamics.
Initial-boundary value problems for quasilinear dispersive equations posed on a bounded interval
Andrei V. Faminskii
2010-01-01
Full Text Available This paper studies nonhomogeneous initial-boundary value problems for quasilinear one-dimensional odd-order equations posed on a bounded interval. For reasonable initial and boundary conditions we prove existence and uniqueness of global weak and regular solutions. Also we show the exponential decay of the obtained solution with zero boundary conditions and right-hand side, and small initial data.
In this study, we applied the homotopy perturbation (HP) method for solving linear and nonlinear fourth-order boundary value problems. The analytical results of the boundary value problems have been obtained in terms of a convergent series with easily computable components. Comparisons between the results of the HP method and the analytical solution showed that this method gives very precise results with a few terms. In the implied HP method, some unknown parameters in the initial guess are introduced, which are identified after applying boundary conditions. This improvement results in higher accuracy
Roohi, Ehsan; Marzabadi, Faezeh Rasi [Aerospace Research Institute, PO Box 14665-834, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Farjami, Yagoub [Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, PO Box 11365-8639, Azadi Ave., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: Ehsan.roohi@gmail.com
2008-05-15
In this study, we applied the homotopy perturbation (HP) method for solving linear and nonlinear fourth-order boundary value problems. The analytical results of the boundary value problems have been obtained in terms of a convergent series with easily computable components. Comparisons between the results of the HP method and the analytical solution showed that this method gives very precise results with a few terms. In the implied HP method, some unknown parameters in the initial guess are introduced, which are identified after applying boundary conditions. This improvement results in higher accurac000.
Comparative analysis of results of the theoretical decision for the boundary-value problem obtained in the context of the theory of plates and shells, and decision by the boundary element method using CAN program is presented. Stressed deformed state of the internal pressure loaded thin-walled cylindrical shell with thin round plates (bottom) on ends was considered as an example. The considered boundary-value problem may be used as test example for the verification of programs used for the validation of nuclear park safety
Alekseev, G. V.
2015-12-01
The boundary value problem for the stationary magnetohydrodynamics model of a viscous heatconducting fluid considered under inhomogeneous mixed boundary conditions for an electromagnetic field and the temperature and Dirichlet condition for the velocity is investigated. This problem describes the flow of an electricaland heat-conducting liquid in a bounded three-dimensional domain the boundary of which consists of several parts with different thermoand electrophysical properties. Sufficient conditions imposed on the initial data to provide for global solvability of the problem and local uniqueness of its solution are established.
SUPORT, Solution of Linear 2 Point Boundary Value Problems, Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg Method
1 - Description of problem or function: SUPORT solves a system of linear two-point boundary-value problems subject to general separated boundary conditions. 2 - Method of solution: The method of solution uses superposition coupled with an ortho-normalization procedure and a variable-step Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg integration scheme. Each time the superposition solutions start to lose their numerical independence, the vectors are re-ortho-normalized before integration proceeds. The underlying principle of the algorithm is then to piece together the intermediate (orthogonalized) solutions, defined on the various subintervals, to obtain the desired solution. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: The boundary-value problem must be linear and the boundary conditions must be separated. The number of equations which can be solved is dependent upon the main storage available
Nonlinear boundary value problems for first order impulsive integro-differential equations
Xinzhi Liu
1989-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate a class of first order impulsive integro-differential equations subject to certain nonlinear boundary conditions and prove, with the help of upper and lower solutions, that the problem has a solution lying between the upper and lower solutions. We also develop monotone iterative technique and show the existence of multiple solutions of a class of periodic boundary value problems.
On Initial-Boundary Value Problem of Stochastic Heat Equation in a Lipschitz Cylinder
Chang, Tongkeun; Yang, Minsuk
2011-01-01
We consider the initial boundary value problem of non-homogeneous stochastic heat equation. The derivative of the solution with respect to time receives heavy random perturbation. The space boundary is Lipschitz and we impose non-zero cylinder condition. We prove a regularity result after finding suitable spaces for the solution and the pre-assigned datum in the problem. The tools from potential theory, harmonic analysis and probability are used. Some Lemmas are as important as the main Theorem.
An Efficient Method Based on Lucas Polynomials for Solving High-Order Linear Boundary Value Problems
Çetin, Muhammed; Sezer, Mehmet; Kocayiğit, Hüseyin
2015-01-01
In this paper, a new collocation method based on Lucas polynomials for solving high-order linear differential equations with variable coefficients under the boundary conditions is presented by transforming the problem into a system of linear algebraic equations with Lucas coefficients. The proposed approach is applied to fourth, fifth, sixth and eighth-order two-point boundary values problems occurring in science and engineering, and compared by existing methods. The technique gives better ap...
Existence of Solutions for p-Laplace Equations Subjected to Neumann Boundary Value Problem
HU Zhi-gang; RUI Wen-juan; LIU Wen-bing
2006-01-01
The existence of solutions for one dimensional p-Laplace equation (φp(u'))'=f(t,u,u') with t∈(0,1) and φp(s)=│s│p-2s,s≠0 subjected to Neumann boundary value problem at u'(0)=0,u'(1)=0. By using the degree theory, the sufficient conditions of the existence of solutions for p-Laplace equation subjected to Neumann boundary value condition are established.
Nonlinear second order system of Neumann boundary value problems at resonance
Chaitan P. Gupta
1989-01-01
Full Text Available Let f:[0,π]×ℝN→ℝN, (N≥1 satisfy Caratheodory conditions, e(x∈L1([0,π];ℝN. This paper studies the system of nonlinear Neumann boundary value problems x″(t+f(t,x(t=e(t, 0
Direct approach for solving nonlinear evolution and two-point boundary value problems
Jonu Lee; Rathinasamy Sakthivel
2013-12-01
Time-delayed nonlinear evolution equations and boundary value problems have a wide range of applications in science and engineering. In this paper, we implement the differential transform method to solve the nonlinear delay differential equation and boundary value problems. Also, we present some numerical examples including time-delayed nonlinear Burgers equation to illustrate the validity and the great potential of the differential transform method. Numerical experiments demonstrate the use and computational efﬁciency of the method. This method can easily be applied to many nonlinear problems and is capable of reducing the size of computational work.
Schröder, Jörg; Keip, Marc-André
2012-08-01
The contribution addresses a direct micro-macro transition procedure for electromechanically coupled boundary value problems. The two-scale homogenization approach is implemented into a so-called FE2-method which allows for the computation of macroscopic boundary value problems in consideration of microscopic representative volume elements. The resulting formulation is applicable to the computation of linear as well as nonlinear problems. In the present paper, linear piezoelectric as well as nonlinear electrostrictive material behavior are investigated, where the constitutive equations on the microscale are derived from suitable thermodynamic potentials. The proposed direct homogenization procedure can also be applied for the computation of effective elastic, piezoelectric, dielectric, and electrostrictive material properties.
Initial boundary value problems of nonlinear wave equations in an exterior domain
In this paper, we investigate the existence and uniqueness of the global solutions to the initial boundary value problems of nonlinear wave equations in an exterior domain. When the space dimension n >= 3, the unique global solution of the above problem is obtained for small initial data, even if the nonlinear term is fully nonlinear and contains the unknown function itself. (author). 10 refs
Nodal Solutions for a Class of Fourth-Order Two-Point Boundary Value Problems
Xu Jia; Han XiaoLing
2010-01-01
We consider the fourth-order two-point boundary value problem , , , where is a parameter, is given constant, with on any subinterval of , satisfies for all , and , , for some . By using disconjugate operator theory and bifurcation techniques, we establish existence and multiplicity results of nodal solutions for the above problem.
Solvability of Boundary Value Problem at Resonance for Third-Order Functional Differential Equations
Pinghua Yang; Zengji Du; Weigao Ge
2008-05-01
This paper is devoted to the study of boundary value problem of third-order functional differential equations. We obtain some existence results for the problem at resonance under the condition that the nonlinear terms is bounded or generally unbounded. In this paper we mainly use the topological degree theory.
Numerical analysis of fourth-order boundary value problems in fluid mechanics and mathematics
Hosseinzadeh, Elham; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, Fama;
2010-01-01
In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed o...
Numerical Analysis of Forth-Order Boundary Value Problems in Fluid Mechanics and Mathematics
Hosseinzadeh, E.; Barari, Amin; Fouladi, F.;
2011-01-01
In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed o...
Solution of a singularly perturbed nonstationary fourth-order boundary-value problem
Makarov, V.L.; Guminskii, V.V. [Kiev State Univ. (Ukraine)
1994-06-05
A difference scheme is constructed by the method of lines for a nonstationary boundary-value problem for a fourth-order equation in the space coordinate. The uniform convergence with respect to a small parameter, of the solution of the linearization scheme to a solution of the original problem is proven. 8 refs.
Mixed initial-boundary value problem for equations of motion of Kelvin-Voigt fluids
Baranovskii, E. S.
2016-07-01
The initial-boundary value problem for equations of motion of Kelvin-Voigt fluids with mixed boundary conditions is studied. The no-slip condition is used on some portion of the boundary, while the impermeability condition and the tangential component of the surface force field are specified on the rest of the boundary. The global-in-time existence of a weak solution is proved. It is shown that the solution is unique and depends continuously on the field of external forces, the field of surface forces, and initial data.
Gannot, Oran
2015-01-01
This paper considers boundary value problems for a class of singular elliptic operators which appear naturally in the study of anti-de Sitter spacetimes. These problems involve a singular Bessel operator acting in the normal direction. After formulating a Lopatinskii condition, elliptic estimates are established for functions supported near the boundary. A global Fredholm property follows from additional hypotheses in the interior. The results of this paper provide a rigorous framework for the study of quasinormal modes on anti-de Sitter black holes for the full range of boundary conditions considered in the physics literature.
Boundary-value problems for first and second order functional differential inclusions
Shihuang Hong
2003-03-01
Full Text Available This paper presents sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions to boundary-value problems of first and second order multi-valued differential equations in Banach spaces. Our results obtained using fixed point theorems, and lead to new existence principles.
Bailey, Shampine and Waltman have developed an existence theory for two-point boundary value problems of second-order differential equations whose second members satisfy one-sided Lipshitz conditions. These results suggest that solutions should exist in the following much more general situation: the second member f is bounded by two functions f1, f2, such that the corresponding second-order equations have solutions for two-point boundary value problems. The condition f12 implies that if xsub(i) is a solution of the Picard problem xsub(i)'' = fsub(i)(t, xsub(i)), xsub(i)(a) = A, xsub(i)(b) = B, then x2 and x1 are, respectively, a lower and an upper solution of the Picard problem x'' = f(t,x), x(a) = A, x(a) = A, x(b) = B. Then a well-known result would imply an affirmative answer to our conjecture if x21. The aim of this paper is to provide a comnparison result and to apply it to uniqueness and existence of solutions as well as to the convergence of successive approximations. The argument is so general that it applies to (i) periodic solutions of first-order ordinary differential equations; (ii) periodic solutions and a large class of Sturm-Liouville problems (including Nicoletti boundary value problem) for second-order ordinary differential equations; and (iii) Dirichlet boundary value problems for elliptic equations. (author)
Zhu, C
2003-01-01
This paper is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of the entropy solution to the initial boundary value problem for the inviscid Burgers equation. To apply the method of vanishing viscosity to study the existence of the entropy solution, we first introduce the initial boundary value problem for the viscous Burgers equation, and as in Evans (1998 Partial Differential Equations (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society) and Hopf (1950 Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 3 201-30), give the formula of the corresponding viscosity solutions by Hopf-Cole transformation. Secondly, we prove the convergence of the viscosity solution sequences and verify that the limiting function is an entropy solution. Finally, we give an example to show how our main result can be applied to solve the initial boundary value problem for the Burgers equation.
This paper is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of the entropy solution to the initial boundary value problem for the inviscid Burgers equation. To apply the method of vanishing viscosity to study the existence of the entropy solution, we first introduce the initial boundary value problem for the viscous Burgers equation, and as in Evans (1998 Partial Differential Equations (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society) and Hopf (1950 Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 3 201-30), give the formula of the corresponding viscosity solutions by Hopf-Cole transformation. Secondly, we prove the convergence of the viscosity solution sequences and verify that the limiting function is an entropy solution. Finally, we give an example to show how our main result can be applied to solve the initial boundary value problem for the Burgers equation
Zhu, Changjiang; Duan, Renjun [Laboratory of Nonlinear Analysis, Department of Mathematics, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, People' s Republic of China (China)
2003-02-28
This paper is concerned with the existence and uniqueness of the entropy solution to the initial boundary value problem for the inviscid Burgers equation. To apply the method of vanishing viscosity to study the existence of the entropy solution, we first introduce the initial boundary value problem for the viscous Burgers equation, and as in Evans (1998 Partial Differential Equations (Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society) and Hopf (1950 Commun. Pure Appl. Math. 3 201-30), give the formula of the corresponding viscosity solutions by Hopf-Cole transformation. Secondly, we prove the convergence of the viscosity solution sequences and verify that the limiting function is an entropy solution. Finally, we give an example to show how our main result can be applied to solve the initial boundary value problem for the Burgers equation.
Solvability of a class of second-order quasilinear boundary value problems
Qing-liu YAO
2009-01-01
The second-order quasilinear boundary value problems are considered when the nonlinear term is singular and the limit growth function at the infinite exists. With the introduction of the height function of the nonlinear term on a bounded set and the consideration of the integration of the height function, the existence of the solution is proven. The existence theorem shows that the problem has a solution ff the integration of the limit growth function has an appropriate value.
The use of the Adomian decomposition method for solving multipoint boundary value problems
In this paper, a method for solving multipoint boundary value problems is presented. The main idea behind this work is the use of the well-known Adomian decomposition method. In this technique, the solution is found in the form of a rapid convergent series. Using this method, it is possible to obtain the solution of the general form of multipoint boundary value problems. The Adomian decomposition method is not affected by computation round off errors and one is not faced with the necessity of large computer memory and time. To show the efficiency of the developed method, numerical results are presented
Solving Directly Two Point Non Linear Boundary Value Problems Using Direct Adams Moulton Method
Zanariah A. Majid; Phang P. See; Mohamed Suleiman
2011-01-01
Problem statement: In this study, a direct method of Adams Moulton type was developed for solving non linear two point Boundary Value Problems (BVPs) directly. Most of the existence researches involving BVPs will reduced the problem to a system of first order Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs). This approach is very well established but it obviously will enlarge the systems of first order equations. However, the direct method in this research will solved the second ord...
About potential of double layer and boundary value problems for Laplace equation
An integral operator raisen by a kernel of the double layer's potential is investigated. The kernel is defined on S (S - two-digit variety of C2 class presented by a boundary of the finite domain in R3). The operator is considered on C(S). Following results are received: the operator's spectrum belongs to [-1,1]; it's eigenvalues and eigenfunctions may be found by Kellog's method; knowledge of the operator's spectrum is enough to construct it's resolvent. These properties permit to point out the determined interation processes, solving boundary value problems for Laplace equation. One of such processes - solving of Roben problem - is generalized on electrostatic problems. 6 refs
Positive Solutions of Singular Boundary Value Problem of Negative Exponent Emden–Fowler Equation
Yuxia Wang; Xiyu Liu
2003-05-01
This paper investigates the existence of positive solutions of a singular boundary value problem with negative exponent similar to standard Emden–Fowler equation. A necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of [0, 1] positive solutions as well as 1[0, 1] positive solutions is given by means of the method of lower and upper solutions with the Schauder fixed point theorem.
Yaohong LI; Xiaoyan ZHANG
2013-01-01
In this paper,we consider boundary value problems for systems of nonlinear thirdorder differential equations.By applying the fixed point theorems of cone expansion and compression of norm type and Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem,the existence of multiple positive solutions is obtained.As application,we give some examples to demonstrate our results.
Jian Liu
2013-09-01
Full Text Available In this article, we consider the free boundary value problem for one-dimensional compressible bipolar Navier-Stokes-Possion (BNSP equations with density-dependent viscosities. For general initial data with finite energy and the density connecting with vacuum continuously, we prove the global existence of the weak solution. This extends the previous results for compressible NS [27] to NSP.
The use of integral information in the solution of a two-point boundary value problem
Tomasz Drwięga
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We study the worst-case \\(\\varepsilon\\-complexity of a two-point boundary value problem \\(u^{\\prime\\prime}(x=f(xu(x\\, \\(x \\in [0,T]\\, \\(u(0=c\\, \\(u^{\\prime}(T=0\\, where \\(c,T \\in \\mathbb{R}\\ (\\(c \
Positive Solutions for a Class of Coupled System of Singular Three-Point Boundary Value Problems
Naseer Ahmad Asif; Rahmat Ali Khan
2009-01-01
Existence of positive solutions for a coupled system of nonlinear three-point boundary value problems of the type , , , , , , , is established. The nonlinearities , are continuous and may be singular at , and/or , while the parameters , satisfy . An example is also included to show the applicability of our result.
On two-point boundary value problems for second order singular functional differential equations
Kiguradze, I.; Půža, Bedřich
2005-01-01
Roč. 12, 3-4 (2005), s. 271-294. ISSN 0793-1786 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : second order singular functional differential equation * two-point boundary value problem * solvability Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
Positive solutions of a boundary-value problem for second order ordinary differential equations
George L. Karakostas
2000-06-01
Full Text Available The existence of positive solutions of a two-point boundary value problem for a second order differential equation is investigated. By using indices of convergence of the nonlinearities at zero and at positive infinity, we providea priori upper and lower bounds for the slope of the solutions are also provided.
EXISTENCE OF SOLUTIONS TO 2m-ORDER PERIODIC BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM
无
2012-01-01
In this paper, we are concerned with the existence of nontrivial solutions to a 2m-order nonlinear periodic boundary value problem. By the infinite dimensional Morse theory, under some conditions on nonlinear term, we obtain that there exist at least two nontrivial solutions.
Hakl, Robert; Zamora, M.
-, May 2014 (2014), s. 113. ISSN 1687-2770 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : functional-differential equations * boundary value problems * existence of solutions Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.014, year: 2014 http://www.boundaryvalueproblems.com/content/2014/1/113
Solvability of 2n-order m-point boundary value problem at resonance
无
2007-01-01
The existence of solutions for the 2n-order m-point boundary value problem at resonance is obtained by using the coincidence degree theory of Mawhin.We give an example to demonstrate our result.The interest is that the nonlinear term may be noncontinuous.
Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan
-, č. 35 (2015), s. 23-50. ISSN 1126-8042 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : higher order functional differential equations * Dirichlet boundary value problem * strong singularity Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://ijpam.uniud.it/online_issue/201535/03-Mukhigulashvili. pdf
Mukhigulashvili, Sulkhan; Půža, B.
2015-01-01
Roč. 2015, January (2015), s. 17. ISSN 1687-2770 Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : higher order nonlinear functional-differential equations * two-point right-focal boundary value problem * strong singularity Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.014, year: 2014 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2Fs13661-014-0277-1
POSITIVE SOLUTIONS TO A SECOND-ORDER m-POINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM ON TIME SCALES
Liu Yang; Chunfang Shen
2009-01-01
By a fixed point theorem in a cone,the existence of at least three positive solutions to a class of second-order multi-point boundary value problem for dynamic equation on time scales with the nonlinear term depends on the first order derivative is studied.
TWO-SCALE FEM FOR ELLIPTIC MIXED BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS WITH SMALL PERIODIC COEFFICIENTS
Jin-ru Chen; Jun-zhi Cui
2001-01-01
In this paper, a dual approximate expression of the exact solution for mixed boundary value problems of second order elliptic PDE with small periodic coefficients is proposed. Meanwhile the error estimate of the dual approximate solution is discussed. Finally, a high-low order coupled two-scale finite element method is given, and its approximate error is analysed.
Analytic solution of an initial-value problem from Stokes flow with free boundary
Xuming Xie
2008-01-01
We study an initial-value problem arising from Stokes flow with free boundary. If the initial data is analytic in disk $mathcal{R}_r$ containing the unit disk, it is proved that unique solution, which is analytic in $mathcal{R}_s$ for $sin (1,r)$, exists locally in time.
Calculating methods of solution of boundary-value problems of mathematical physics
Skopetskii, V.V.; Deineka, V.S.; Sklepovaya, L.I. [Kiev Univ. (Ukraine)] [and others
1994-11-10
A new mathematical model is developed for unsteady seepage in a pressure gradient through a compressible foundation of a gravity dam with an antiseepage curtain. High-accuracy discretization algorithms are developed for the corresponding initial boundary-value problem with a discontinuous solution.
Yepeng Xing; Qiong Wang; Valery G. Romanovski
2009-01-01
We prove several new comparison results and develop the monotone iterative tech-nique to show the existence of extremal solutions to a kind of periodic boundary value problem (PBVP) for nonlinear integro-differential equation of mixed type on time scales.
Positive solutions of second-order singular boundary value problem with a Laplace-like operator
Ge Weigao
2005-01-01
Full Text Available By use of the concavity of solution for an associate boundary value problem, existence criteria of positive solutions are given for the Dirichlet BVP , , , where is odd and continuous with , , and may change sign and be singular along a curve in .
Dimension reduction for periodic boundary value problems of functional differential equations
Sieber, Jan
2010-01-01
Periodic boundary-value problems for functional differential equations can be reduced to finite-dimensional algebraic systems of equations. The smoothness assumptions on the right-hand side follow those of the review by Hartung et al. (2006) and are set up such that the result can be applied to differential equations with state-dependent delays.
The second boundary value problem for equations of viscoelastic diffusion in polymers
Vorotnikov, Dmitry A
2009-01-01
The classical approach to diffusion processes is based on Fick's law that the flux is proportional to the concentration gradient. Various phenomena occurring during propagation of penetrating liquids in polymers show that this type of diffusion exhibits anomalous behavior and contradicts the just mentioned law. However, they can be explained in the framework of non-Fickian diffusion theories based on viscoelasticity of polymers. Initial-boundary value problems for viscoelastic diffusion equations have been studied by several authors. Most of the studies are devoted to the Dirichlet BVP (the concentration is given on the boundary of the domain). In this chapter we study the second BVP, i.e. when the normal component of the concentration flux is prescribed on the boundary, which is more realistic in many physical situations. We establish existence of weak solutions to this problem. We suggest some conditions on the coefficients and boundary data under which all the solutions tend to the homogeneous state as tim...
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF FORTH-ORDER BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN FLUID MECHANICS AND MATHEMATICS
Elham Hosseinzadeh
2010-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper He's variational iteration method is used to solve some examples of linear and non-linear forth-order boundary value problems. The first problem compared with homotopy analysis method solution and the other ones with the exact solution. The results show the high accuracy and speed of convergence of this method. It is found that the variational iteration method is a powerful method for solving of the non-linear equations.
Estimates for Deviations from Exact Solutions of Maxwell's Initial Boundary Value Problem
Pauly, Dirk; Rossi, Tuomo
2011-01-01
In this paper, we consider an initial boundary value problem for Maxwell's equations. For this hyperbolic type problem, we derive guaranteed and computable upper bounds for the difference between the exact solution and any pair of vector fields in the space-time cylinder that belongs to the corresponding admissible energy class. For this purpose, we use a method suggested earlier for the wave equation.
Weihua JIANG
2015-04-01
Full Text Available By defining appropriate linear space and norm, giving the appropriate operator, using the contraction mapping principle and krasnoselskii fixed point theorem respectively, the existence and uniqueness of solutions for boundary value problem of fractional order impulsive differential equations systems are investigated under certain condition that nonlinear term and pulse value are satisfied. An example is given to illustrate that the required conditions can be satisfied.
Guotao Wang
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We study nonlinear impulsive differential equations of fractional order with irregular boundary conditions. Some existence and uniqueness results are obtained by applying standard fixed-point theorems. For illustration of the results, some examples are discussed.
Student Solutions Manual to Boundary Value Problems and Partial Differential Equations
Powers, David L
2005-01-01
This student solutions manual accompanies the text, Boundary Value Problems and Partial Differential Equations, 5e. The SSM is available in print via PDF or electronically, and provides the student with the detailed solutions of the odd-numbered problems contained throughout the book.Provides students with exercises that skillfully illustrate the techniques used in the text to solve science and engineering problemsNearly 900 exercises ranging in difficulty from basic drills to advanced problem-solving exercisesMany exercises based on current engineering applications
Nakonechnyi, Olexandr; Shestopalov, Yury
2009-01-01
In this paper we construct optimal, in certain sense, estimates of values of linear functionals on solutions to two-point boundary value problems (BVPs) for systems of linear first-order ordinary differential equations from observations which are linear transformations of the same solutions perturbed by additive random noises. It is assumed here that right-hand sides of equations and boundary data as well as statistical characteristics of random noises in observations are not known and belong to certain given sets in corresponding functional spaces. This leads to the necessity of introducing minimax statement of an estimation problem when optimal estimates are defined as linear, with respect to observations, estimates for which the maximum of mean square error of estimation taken over the above-mentioned sets attains minimal value. Such estimates are called minimax estimates. We establish that the minimax estimates are expressed via solutions of some systems of differential equations of special type. Similar ...
Dujardin, G. M.
2009-08-12
This paper deals with the asymptotic behaviour of the solutions of linear initial boundary value problems with constant coefficients on the half-line and on finite intervals. We assume that the boundary data are periodic in time and we investigate whether the solution becomes time-periodic after sufficiently long time. Using Fokas\\' transformation method, we show that, for the linear Schrödinger equation, the linear heat equation and the linearized KdV equation on the half-line, the solutions indeed become periodic for large time. However, for the same linear Schrödinger equation on a finite interval, we show that the solution, in general, is not asymptotically periodic; actually, the asymptotic behaviour of the solution depends on the commensurability of the time period T of the boundary data with the square of the length of the interval over. © 2009 The Royal Society.
Continuum and Discrete Initial-Boundary Value Problems and Einstein's Field Equations
Olivier Sarbach
2012-08-01
Full Text Available Many evolution problems in physics are described by partial differential equations on an infinite domain; therefore, one is interested in the solutions to such problems for a given initial dataset. A prominent example is the binary black-hole problem within Einstein's theory of gravitation, in which one computes the gravitational radiation emitted from the inspiral of the two black holes, merger and ringdown. Powerful mathematical tools can be used to establish qualitative statements about the solutions, such as their existence, uniqueness, continuous dependence on the initial data, or their asymptotic behavior over large time scales. However, one is often interested in computing the solution itself, and unless the partial differential equation is very simple, or the initial data possesses a high degree of symmetry, this computation requires approximation by numerical discretization. When solving such discrete problems on a machine, one is faced with a finite limit to computational resources, which leads to the replacement of the infinite continuum domain with a finite computer grid. This, in turn, leads to a discrete initial-boundary value problem. The hope is to recover, with high accuracy, the exact solution in the limit where the grid spacing converges to zero with the boundary being pushed to infinity. The goal of this article is to review some of the theory necessary to understand the continuum and discrete initial boundary-value problems arising from hyperbolic partial differential equations and to discuss its applications to numerical relativity; in particular, we present well-posed initial and initial-boundary value formulations of Einstein's equations, and we discuss multi-domain high-order finite difference and spectral methods to solve them.
A MIXED ELECTRIC BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR AN ANTI－PLANE PIEZOELECTRIC CRACK
ttnAngZlaenyu; KuangZhenbang
2003-01-01
The analytical continuation method is adopted to solve a mixed electric boundary value problem for a piezoelectric medium under anti-plane deformation. The crack face is partly conductive and partly impermeable. The results show that the stress intensity factor is identical with the mode III stress intensity factor independent of the conducting length. But the electric field and the electric displacement are dependent on the electric boundary conditions on the crack faces and are singular not only at the crack tips but also at the junctures between the impermeable part and conducting portions.
On the asymptotic of solutions of elliptic boundary value problems in domains with edges
Solutions of elliptic boundary value problems in three-dimensional domains with edges may exhibit singularities. The usual procedure to study these singularities is by the application of the classical Mellin transformation or continuous Fourier transformation. In this paper, we show how the asymptotic behavior of solutions of elliptic boundary value problems in general three-dimensional domains with straight edges can be investigated by means of discrete Fourier transformation. We apply this approach to time-harmonic Maxwell's equations and prove that the singular solutions can fully be described in terms of Fourier series. The representation here can easily be used to approximate three-dimensional stress intensity factors associated with edge singularities. (author)
THE HIGHER ASYMPTOTIC EXPANSIONS FINDING FOR BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM OF THE ZOM MODEL
Kovalenko A. V.
2013-12-01
Full Text Available In this article authors propose the asymptotic solution of the boundary value problem modeling the transport of salt ions in the cell electrodialysis desalination unit. The domain of the camera desalting broken into two subdomains: electroneutrality and space charge. Subdomains has own asymptotic expansion. The subdomain of the space charge has unique solvability of the current approach used by the solvability condition of the next approximation
Domoshnitsky Alexander
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We obtain the maximum principles for the first-order neutral functional differential equation where , and are linear continuous operators, and are positive operators, is the space of continuous functions, and is the space of essentially bounded functions defined on . New tests on positivity of the Cauchy function and its derivative are proposed. Results on existence and uniqueness of solutions for various boundary value problems are obtained on the basis of the maximum principles.
Lomtatidze, Alexander; Malaguti, L.
2003-01-01
Roč. 52, č. 6 (2003), s. 1553-1567. ISSN 0362-546X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/99/0295 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1019905; CEZ:AV0Z1019905 Keywords : second order singular differential equation * two-point boundary value problem * lower and upper functions Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.354, year: 2003
Monotone methods for solving a boundary value problem of second order discrete system
Wang Yuan-Ming
1999-01-01
Full Text Available A new concept of a pair of upper and lower solutions is introduced for a boundary value problem of second order discrete system. A comparison result is given. An existence theorem for a solution is established in terms of upper and lower solutions. A monotone iterative scheme is proposed, and the monotone convergence rate of the iteration is compared and analyzed. The numerical results are given.
Positive solutions for a nonlinear periodic boundary-value problem with a parameter
Jingliang Qiu
2012-08-01
Full Text Available Using topological degree theory with a partially ordered structure of space, sufficient conditions for the existence and multiplicity of positive solutions for a second-order nonlinear periodic boundary-value problem are established. Inspired by ideas in Guo and Lakshmikantham [6], we study the dependence of positive periodic solutions as a parameter approaches infinity, $$ lim_{lambdao +infty}|x_{lambda}|=+infty,quadhbox{or}quad lim_{lambdao+infty}|x_{lambda}|=0. $$
Solvability of a three-point nonlinear boundary-value problem
Assia Guezane-Lakoud
2010-09-01
Full Text Available Using the Leray Schauder nonlinear alternative, we prove the existence of a nontrivial solution for the three-point boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ u''+f(t,u= 0,quad 0
The second boundary value problem for equations of viscoelastic diffusion in polymers
Vorotnikov, Dmitry A.
2009-01-01
The classical approach to diffusion processes is based on Fick's law that the flux is proportional to the concentration gradient. Various phenomena occurring during propagation of penetrating liquids in polymers show that this type of diffusion exhibits anomalous behavior and contradicts the just mentioned law. However, they can be explained in the framework of non-Fickian diffusion theories based on viscoelasticity of polymers. Initial-boundary value problems for viscoelastic diffusion equat...
Infinitely many solutions for a fourth-order boundary-value problem
Seyyed Mohsen Khalkhali
2012-09-01
Full Text Available In this article we consider the existence of infinitely many solutions to the fourth-order boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ u^{iv}+alpha u''+eta(x u=lambda f(x,u+h(u,quad xin]0,1[cr u(0=u(1=0,cr u''(0=u''(1=0,. }$$ Our approach is based on variational methods and critical point theory.
Yang Xiao-Jun
2015-01-01
Full Text Available In the present paper we investigate the fractal boundary value problems for the Fredholm\\Volterra integral equations, heat conduction and wave equations by using the local fractional decomposition method. The operator is described by the local fractional operators. The four illustrative examples are given to elaborate the accuracy and reliability of the obtained results. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI 174001, III41006 i br. TI 35006
Extension Theory and Krein-type Resolvent Formulas for Nonsmooth Boundary Value Problems
Abels, Helmut; Grubb, Gerd; Wood, Ian Geoffrey
2014-01-01
The theory of selfadjoint extensions of symmetric operators, and more generally the theory of extensions of dual pairs, was implemented some years ago for boundary value problems for elliptic operators on smooth bounded domains. Recently, the questions have been taken up again for nonsmooth domai...... analyze resolvents, Poisson solution operators and Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators in this way, also in Sobolev spaces of negative order....
Yi-rang YUAN; Chang-feng LI; Cheng-shun YANG; Yu-ji HAN
2009-01-01
The research of the miscible oil and water displacement problem with moving boundary values is of great value to the history of oil-gas transport and accumulation in the basin evolution as well as to the rational evaluation in prospecting and exploiting oil-gas resources. The mathematical model can be described as a coupled system of nonlinear partial differential equations with moving boundary values. For the two-dimensional bounded region, the upwind finite difference schemes are proposed. Some techniques, such as the calculus of variations, the change of variables, and the theory of a priori estimates, are used. The optimal order l2-norm estimates are derived for the errors in the approximate solutions. The research is important both theoretically and practically for the model analysis in the field, the model numerical method, and the software development.
Scott, M.R.; Watts, H.A.
1977-01-01
A working computer code, called SUPOR Q, which solves quite general nonlinear two-point boundary value problems is described. The nonlinear problem is replaced by a sequence of linear problems by applying quasilinearization (Newton's method) to the nonlinear differential operator. Each linear two-point boundary value problem is solved by an initial-value procedure which combines the well-known technique of superposition with a process called orthonormalization. 3 tables.
Solution matching for a three-point boundary-value problem on atime scale
Martin Eggensperger
2004-07-01
Full Text Available Let $mathbb{T}$ be a time scale such that $t_1, t_2, t_3 in mathbb{T}$. We show the existence of a unique solution for the three-point boundary value problem $$displaylines{ y^{DeltaDeltaDelta}(t = f(t, y(t, y^Delta(t, y^{DeltaDelta}(t, quad t in [t_1, t_3] cap mathbb{T},cr y(t_1 = y_1, quad y(t_2 = y_2, quad y(t_3 = y_3,. }$$ We do this by matching a solution to the first equation satisfying a two-point boundary conditions on $[t_1, t_2] cap mathbb{T}$ with a solution satisfying a two-point boundary conditions on $[t_2, t_3] cap mathbb{T}$.
Nonlinear systems of differential inequalities and solvability of certain boundary value problems
Tvrdý Milan
2001-01-01
Full Text Available In the paper we present some new existence results for nonlinear second order generalized periodic boundary value problems of the form These results are based on the method of lower and upper functions defined as solutions of the system of differential inequalities associated with the problem and their relation to the Leray–Schauder topological degree of the corresponding operator. Our main goal consists in a fairly general definition of these functions as couples from . Some conditions ensuring their existence are indicated, as well.
Solution of Seventh Order Boundary Value Problems by Variation of Parameters Method
Muzammal Iftikhar
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The induction motor behavior is represented by a fifth order differential equation model. Addition of a torque correction factor to this model accurately reproduces the transient torques and instantaneous real and reactive power flows of the full seventh order differential equation model. The aim of this study is to solve the seventh order boundary value problems and the variation of parameters method is used for this purpose. The approximate solutions of the problems are obtained in terms of rapidly convergent series. Two numerical examples have been given to illustrate the efficiency and implementation of the method.
MULTIPLE POSITIVE SOLUTIONS OF SINGULAR THIRD-ORDER PERIODIC BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM
Sun Jingxian; Liu Yansheng
2005-01-01
This paper deals with the singular nonlinear third-order periodic boundary value problem u′″ + ρau = f(t,u), 0 ≤ t ≤ 2π, with u(i)(0) = u(i)(2π), i = 0, 1, 2, where ρ∈ (0, 1/√3) and f is singular at t = 0, t = 1 and u = 0. Under suitable weaker conditions than those of [1], it is proved by constructing a special cone in C[0, 2π] and employing the fixed point index theory that the problem has at least one or at least two positive solutions.
Lie symmetries and reductions of multi-dimensional boundary value problems of the Stefan type
A new definition of Lie invariance for nonlinear multi-dimensional boundary value problems (BVPs) is proposed by the generalization of known definitions to much wider classes of BVPs. The class of (1+3)-dimensional nonlinear BVPs of the Stefan type, modeling the process of melting and evaporation of metals, is studied in detail. Using the definition proposed, the group classification problem for this class of BVPs is solved and some reductions (with physical meaning) to BVPs of lower dimensionality are made. Examples of how to construct exact solutions of the (1+3)-dimensional nonlinear BVP with the correctly specified coefficients are presented. (paper)
Quintic nonpolynomial spline solutions for fourth order two-point boundary value problem
Ramadan, M. A.; Lashien, I. F.; Zahra, W. K.
2009-04-01
In this paper, we develop quintic nonpolynomial spline methods for the numerical solution of fourth order two-point boundary value problems. Using this spline function a few consistency relations are derived for computing approximations to the solution of the problem. The present approach gives better approximations and generalizes all the existing polynomial spline methods up to order four. This approach has less computational cost. Convergence analysis of these methods is discussed. Two numerical examples are included to illustrate the practical usefulness of our methods.
On explicit and numerical solvability of parabolic initial-boundary value problems
Olga Lepsky
2006-05-01
Full Text Available A homogeneous boundary condition is constructed for the parabolic equation (Ã¢ÂˆÂ‚t+IÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ÃŽÂ”u=f in an arbitrary cylindrical domain ÃŽÂ©ÃƒÂ—Ã¢Â„Â (ÃŽÂ©Ã¢ÂŠÂ‚Ã¢Â„Ân being a bounded domain, I and ÃŽÂ” being the identity operator and the Laplacian which generates an initial-boundary value problem with an explicit formula of the solution u. In the paper, the result is obtained not just for the operator Ã¢ÂˆÂ‚t+IÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ÃŽÂ”, but also for an arbitrary parabolic differential operator Ã¢ÂˆÂ‚t+A, where A is an elliptic operator in Ã¢Â„Ân of an even order with constant coefficients. As an application, the usual Cauchy-Dirichlet boundary value problem for the homogeneous equation (Ã¢ÂˆÂ‚t+IÃ¢ÂˆÂ’ÃŽÂ”u=0 in ÃŽÂ©ÃƒÂ—Ã¢Â„Â is reduced to an integral equation in a thin lateral boundary layer. An approximate solution to the integral equation generates a rather simple numerical algorithm called boundary layer element method which solves the 3D Cauchy-Dirichlet problem (with three spatial variables.
Solving Directly Two Point Non Linear Boundary Value Problems Using Direct Adams Moulton Method
Zanariah A. Majid
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: In this study, a direct method of Adams Moulton type was developed for solving non linear two point Boundary Value Problems (BVPs directly. Most of the existence researches involving BVPs will reduced the problem to a system of first order Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs. This approach is very well established but it obviously will enlarge the systems of first order equations. However, the direct method in this research will solved the second order BVPs directly without reducing it to first order ODEs. Approach: Lagrange interpolation polynomial was applied in the derivation of the proposed method. The method was implemented using constant step size via shooting technique in order to determine the approximated solutions. The shooting technique will employ the Newtons method for checking the convergent of the guessing values for the next iteration. Results: Numerical results confirmed that the direct method gave better accuracy and converged faster compared to the existing method. Conclusion: The proposed direct method is suitable for solving two point non linear boundary value problems.
Roul, Pradip
2016-04-01
The paper deals with a numerical technique for solving nonlinear singular boundary value problems arising in various physical models. First, we convert the original problem to an equivalent integral equation to surmount the singularity and employ afterward the boundary condition to compute the undetermined coefficient. Finally, the integral equation without undetermined coefficient is treated using homotopy perturbation method. The present method is implemented on three physical model examples: i) thermal explosions; ii) steady-state oxygen diffusion in a spherical shell; iii) the equilibrium of the isothermal gas sphere. The results obtained by the present method are compared with that obtained using finite-difference method, B-spline method and a numerical technique based on the direct integration method, and comparison reveals that the proposed method with few solution components produces similar results and the method is computationally efficient than others.
Zhiyong Wang
2008-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the existence of positive solutions for the nonlinear nth-order with m-point singular boundary-value problem. By using the fixed point index theory and a new fixed point theorem in cones, the existence of countably many positive solutions for a nonlinear singular boundary value problem are obtained.
Probability distribution and the boundary value problem in noncommutative quantum mechanics
Full text: Non-commutative quantum mechanics (NCQM) still has some important open questions, such as, for example, the correct definition of the probability density and the consistent formulation of the boundary value problem. The main difficulty relies on the fact that in a non-commutative space the classical notion of point has no operational meaning. Besides that, it is well known that in NCQM the ordinary definition of probability density does not satisfy the continuity equation, thus being physically inadequate to this context. As a consequence, the formulation of the boundary value problem in NCQM is ill-defined, since the confining conditions for a particle trapped in a closed region are often formulated in terms of the properties of the probability density at the boundaries of such a region. In this work we solve both problems in a unified way. We consider a two-dimensional configuration space generated by two non-commutative coordinates satisfying a canonical commutation relation. This non-commutative space is formally equal to the phase space of a quantum particle moving in a line, what suggests an approach based on the Wigner formulation of quantum mechanics. We introduce a quasi-probability distribution function, constructed by means of the Moyal product of functions. By making use of the operation of partial trace we construct a normalizable, positive-definite function. We demonstrate that this function satisfy the continuity equation, so that it can be interpreted as a probability density function, thus providing a physically consistent probabilistic interpretation for NCQM. Even though the probability density contains all the available information about the physical system, it is useful to formulate the boundary value problem in terms of wave functions fulfilling some appropriated differential equation. By making use of harmonic analysis we introduce an auxiliary wave function, which is related to the physical probability density in the same way as
A simple finite element method for boundary value problems with a Riemann–Liouville derivative
Jin, Bangti
2016-02-01
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. We consider a boundary value problem involving a Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative of order α∈(3/2,2) on the unit interval (0,1). The standard Galerkin finite element approximation converges slowly due to the presence of singularity term xα-^{1} in the solution representation. In this work, we develop a simple technique, by transforming it into a second-order two-point boundary value problem with nonlocal low order terms, whose solution can reconstruct directly the solution to the original problem. The stability of the variational formulation, and the optimal regularity pickup of the solution are analyzed. A novel Galerkin finite element method with piecewise linear or quadratic finite elements is developed, and ^{L2}(D) error estimates are provided. The approach is then applied to the corresponding fractional Sturm-Liouville problem, and error estimates of the eigenvalue approximations are given. Extensive numerical results fully confirm our theoretical study.
Li Ta-tsien(李大潜); Peng Yue-Jun
2003-01-01
Abstract We prove that the C0 boundedness of solution impliesthe global existence and uniqueness of C1 solution to the initial-boundary value problem for linearly degenerate quasilinear hyperbolic systems of diagonal form with nonlinear boundary conditions. Thus, if the C1 solution to the initial-boundary value problem blows up in a finite time, then the solution itself must tend to the infinity at the starting point of singularity.
Solving Singular Two-Point Boundary Value Problems Using Continuous Genetic Algorithm
Omar Abu Arqub
2012-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the continuous genetic algorithm is applied for the solution of singular two-point boundary value problems, where smooth solution curves are used throughout the evolution of the algorithm to obtain the required nodal values. The proposed technique might be considered as a variation of the finite difference method in the sense that each of the derivatives is replaced by an appropriate difference quotient approximation. This novel approach possesses main advantages; it can be applied without any limitation on the nature of the problem, the type of singularity, and the number of mesh points. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the accuracy, applicability, and generality of the presented technique. The results reveal that the algorithm is very effective, straightforward, and simple.
Spectral Shifted Jacobi Tau and Collocation Methods for Solving Fifth-Order Boundary Value Problems
A. H. Bhrawy
2011-01-01
Full Text Available We have presented an efficient spectral algorithm based on shifted Jacobi tau method of linear fifth-order two-point boundary value problems (BVPs. An approach that is implementing the shifted Jacobi tau method in combination with the shifted Jacobi collocation technique is introduced for the numerical solution of fifth-order differential equations with variable coefficients. The main characteristic behind this approach is that it reduces such problems to those of solving a system of algebraic equations which greatly simplify the problem. Shifted Jacobi collocation method is developed for solving nonlinear fifth-order BVPs. Numerical examples are performed to show the validity and applicability of the techniques. A comparison has been made with the existing results. The method is easy to implement and gives very accurate results.
Existence of solutions to fractional boundary-value problems with a parameter
Ya-Ning Li
2013-06-01
Full Text Available This article concerns the existence of solutions to the fractional boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ -frac{d}{dt} ig(frac{1}{2} {}_0D_t^{-eta}+ frac{1}{2}{}_tD_{T}^{-eta}igu'(t=lambda u(t+abla F(t,u(t,quad hbox{a.e. } tin[0,T], cr u(0=0,quad u(T=0. }$$ First for the eigenvalue problem associated with it, we prove that there is a sequence of positive and increasing real eigenvalues; a characterization of the first eigenvalue is also given. Then under different assumptions on the nonlinearity F(t,u, we show the existence of weak solutions of the problem when $lambda$ lies in various intervals. Our main tools are variational methods and critical point theorems.
Solution matching for a three-point boundary-value problem on atime scale
Martin Eggensperger; Kaufmann, Eric R.; Nickolai Kosmatov
2004-01-01
Let $mathbb{T}$ be a time scale such that $t_1, t_2, t_3 in mathbb{T}$. We show the existence of a unique solution for the three-point boundary value problem $$displaylines{ y^{DeltaDeltaDelta}(t) = f(t, y(t), y^Delta(t), y^{DeltaDelta}(t)), quad t in [t_1, t_3] cap mathbb{T},cr y(t_1) = y_1, quad y(t_2) = y_2, quad y(t_3) = y_3,. }$$ We do this by matching a solution to the first equation satisfying a two-point boundary conditions on $[t_1, t_2] cap mathbb{T}$ with a solut...
Optimization of solving the boundary-value problems related to physical geodesy.
Macák, Marek; Mikula, Karol
2016-04-01
Our aim is to present different approaches for optimization of solving the boundary-value problem related to physical geodesy in spatial domain. In physical geodesy, efficient numerical methods like the finite element method, boundary element method or finite volume method represent alternatives to classical approaches (e.g. the spherical harmonics). They lead to a solution of the linear system and in this context, we focus on three tasks. First task is to choose the fastest solver with respect to the number of iteration and computational time. The second one is to use parallel techniques (MPI or OpenMP) and the third one is to implement advance method like Multigrid and Domain decomposition. All presented examples deal with the gravity field modelling.
NONTRIVIAL SOLUTION OF A NONLINEAR SECOND-ORDER THREE-POINT BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM
Li Shuhong; Sun Yongping
2007-01-01
In this paper, for a second-order three-point boundary value problem u"+f(t,u)=0, 0＜t＜l,au(0) - bu'(0) = 0, u(1) - αu(η) = 0,where η∈ (0, 1), a, b, α∈ R with a2 + b2 ＞ 0, the existence of its nontrivial solution is studied.The conditions on f which guarantee the existence of nontrivial solution are formulated. As an application, some examples to demonstrate the results are given.
A positive solution for singular discrete boundary value problems with sign-changing nonlinearities
Ravi P. Agarwal
2006-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents new existence results for the singular discrete boundary value problem Ã¢ÂˆÂ’ÃŽÂ”2u(kÃ¢ÂˆÂ’1=g(k,u(k+ÃŽÂ»h(k,u(k, kÃ¢ÂˆÂˆ[1,T], u(0=0=u(T+1. In particular, our nonlinearity may be singular in its dependent variable and is allowed to change sign.
An Initial and Boundary Value Problem Modeling Fish-like Swimming
San Martin, Jorge; Scheid, Jean-François; Takahashi, Takéo; Tucsnak, Marius
2008-01-01
In this paper we consider an initial and boundary value problem modeling the self-propelled motion of solids in a bi-dimensional viscous incompressible fluid. The self-propelling mechanism, consisting in appropriate deformations of the solids, is a simplified model for the propulsion mechanism of fish-like swimmers. The governing equations are composed of the Navier-Stokes equations for the fluid, coupled to Newton's laws for the solids. Since we consider the case in which the fluid-solid sys...
Solvability on boundary-value problems of elasticity of three-dimensional quasicrystals
无
2007-01-01
Weak solution (or generalized solution) for the boundary-value problems of partial differential equations of elasticity of 3D (three-dimensional) quasicrystals is given,in which the matrix expression is used. In terms of Korn inequality and theory of function space, we prove the uniqueness of the weak solution. This gives an extension of existence theorem of solution for classical elasticity to that of quasicrystals, and develops the weak solution theory of elasticity of 2D quasicrystals given by the second author of the paper and his students.
A NEW EFFICIENT METHOD TO BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR BALLISTIC ROCKET GUIDANCE
无
2005-01-01
The exploitation of rocket guidance technology on the basis of the guidance law of Space Shuttle and Pegasus rocket was performed. A new efficient method of numerical iteration solution to the boundary value problem was put forward. The numerical simulation results have shown that the method features good performances of stability, robustness, high precision, and algebraic formulas in real computation. By virtue of modern DSP (digital signal processor) high speed chip technology, the algorithm can be used in real time and can adapt to the requirements of the big primary bias of rocket guidance.
Positive solutions of singular fourth-order boundary-value problems
Yujun Cui
2006-03-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we present necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of positive $C^3[0,1]cap C^4(0,1$ solutions for the singular boundary-value problem $$displaylines{ x''''(t=p(tf(x(t,quad tin(0,1;cr x(0=x(1=x'(0=x'(1=0, }$$ where $f(x$ is either superlinear or sublinear, $p:(0,1o [0,+infty$ may be singular at both ends $t=0$ and $t=1$. For this goal, we use fixed-point index results.
Two-point boundary value and Cauchy formulations in an axisymmetrical MHD equilibrium problem
In this paper we present two equilibrium solvers for axisymmetrical toroidal configurations, both based on the expansion in poloidal angle method. The first one has been conceived as a two-point boundary value solver in a system of coordinates with straight field lines, while the second one uses a well-conditioned Cauchy formulation of the problem in a general curvilinear coordinate system. In order to check the capability of our moment methods to describe equilibrium accurately, a comparison of the moment solutions with analytical solutions obtained for a Solov'ev equilibrium has been performed. (author)
The Fourth Main Boundary Value Problem of Dynamics of Thermo-resiliency’s Momentum Theory
Merab Aghniashvili
2014-08-01
Full Text Available In the paper is presented the fourth main boundary value problem of Dynamics of Thermo-resiliency’s Momentum theory. The problem states to find in the cylinder D_l the regular solution of the system: M(∂_x U-νχθ-χ^0 (∂^2 U/(∂t^2 =H, ∆θ-1/ϑ ∂θ/∂t-η ∂/∂t div u=H_7, which satisfies the initial conditions: 〖∀x∈D: lim〗┬(t→0〖U(x,t=φ^((0 (x,〗 lim┬(t→0〖θ(x,t=φ_7^((0 (x, lim┬(t→0 ∂U(x,t/∂t=φ^((1 〗 (x and the boundary conditions: 〖∀(x,t∈S_l:lim┬(D∋x→y∈S〗〖PU=f, 〗 lim┬(D∋x→y∈S {θ}_S^±=f_7. The uniqueness theorem of the solution is proved for this problem.
Positive Solutions for Second-Order m-Point Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales
Wan Tong LI; Hong Rui SUN
2006-01-01
Let T be a time scale such that 0, T ∈ T. By means of the Schauder fixed point theorem and analysis method, we establish some existence criteria for positive solutions of the m-point boundary value problem on time scaleswhere a ∈ Cld((0, T),[0,∞)), f ∈ Cld([0, ∞) × [0, ∞),[0, ∞)), β,γ∈ [0, ∞), ξi ∈ (0, ρ(T)), b, ai ∈(0, ∞) (for i = 1,..., m - 2) are given constants satisfying some suitable hypotheses. We show that this problem has at least one positive solution for sufficiently small b ＞ 0 and no solution for sufficiently large b. Our results are new even for the corresponding differential equation (T= R) and difference equation (T = Z).
无
2010-01-01
By different fixed point theorems in cones, sufficient conditions for the existence and multiple existence of positive solutions to a class of second-order multi-point boundary value problem for dynamic equation on time scales are obtained.
Coarse projective kMC integration: forward/reverse initial and boundary value problems
In 'equation-free' multiscale computation a dynamic model is given at a fine, microscopic level; yet we believe that its coarse-grained, macroscopic dynamics can be described by closed equations involving only coarse variables. These variables are typically various low-order moments of the distributions evolved through the microscopic model. We consider the problem of integrating these unavailable equations by acting directly on kinetic Monte Carlo microscopic simulators, thus circumventing their derivation in closed form. In particular, we use projective multi-step integration to solve the coarse initial value problem forward in time as well as backward in time (under certain conditions). Macroscopic trajectories are thus traced back to unstable, source-type, and even sometimes saddle-like stationary points, even though the microscopic simulator only evolves forward in time. We also demonstrate the use of such projective integrators in a shooting boundary value problem formulation for the computation of 'coarse limit cycles' of the macroscopic behavior, and the approximation of their stability through estimates of the leading 'coarse Floquet multipliers'
New Petrov-Galerkin formulations on the finite element methods for convection-diffusion problems with boundary layers are presented. Such formulations are based on a consistent new theory on discontinuous finite element methods. Existence and uniqueness of solutions for these problems in the new finite element spaces are demonstrated. Some numerical experiments shows how the new formulation operate and also their efficacy. (author)
The collisional plasma transport problem is formulated as an initial boundary value problem for general characteristic boundary conditions. Starting from the full set of hydrodynamic and electrodynamic equations an expansion in the electron-ion mass ratio together with a multiple timescale method yields simplified equations on each timescale. On timescales where many collisions have taken place for the simplified equations the initial boundary value problem is formulated. Through the introduction of potentials a two-dimensional scalar formulation in terms of quasi-linear integro-differential equations of second order for a domain consisting of plasma and vacuum sub-domains is obtained. (Auth.)
Balint AgnetaMaria; Balint Stefan
2008-01-01
Abstract The boundary value problem , , , , and is strictly decreasing on , is considered. Here, are constants having the following properties: are strictly positive and . Necessary or sufficient conditions are given in terms of for the existence of concave solutions of the above nonlinear boundary value problem (NLBVP). Numerical illustration is given. This kind of results is useful in the experiment planning and technology design of single crystal rod growth from the melt by e...
ASYMPTOTICS OF INITIAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS OF BIPOLAR HYDRODYNAMIC MODEL FOR SEMICONDUCTORS
Ju Qiangchang
2004-01-01
In this paper, we study the asymptotic behavior of the solutions to the bipolar hydrodynamic model with Dirichlet boundary conditions. It is shown that the initial boundary problem of the model admits a global smooth solution which decays to the steady state exponentially fast.
Numerical continuation methods for dynamical systems path following and boundary value problems
Krauskopf, Bernd; Galan-Vioque, Jorge
2007-01-01
Path following in combination with boundary value problem solvers has emerged as a continuing and strong influence in the development of dynamical systems theory and its application. It is widely acknowledged that the software package AUTO - developed by Eusebius J. Doedel about thirty years ago and further expanded and developed ever since - plays a central role in the brief history of numerical continuation. This book has been compiled on the occasion of Sebius Doedel''s 60th birthday. Bringing together for the first time a large amount of material in a single, accessible source, it is hoped that the book will become the natural entry point for researchers in diverse disciplines who wish to learn what numerical continuation techniques can achieve. The book opens with a foreword by Herbert B. Keller and lecture notes by Sebius Doedel himself that introduce the basic concepts of numerical bifurcation analysis. The other chapters by leading experts discuss continuation for various types of systems and objects ...
Modeling Granular Materials as Compressible Non-Linear Fluids: Heat Transfer Boundary Value Problems
Massoudi, M.C.; Tran, P.X.
2006-01-01
We discuss three boundary value problems in the flow and heat transfer analysis in flowing granular materials: (i) the flow down an inclined plane with radiation effects at the free surface; (ii) the natural convection flow between two heated vertical walls; (iii) the shearing motion between two horizontal flat plates with heat conduction. It is assumed that the material behaves like a continuum, similar to a compressible nonlinear fluid where the effects of density gradients are incorporated in the stress tensor. For a fully developed flow the equations are simplified to a system of three nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The equations are made dimensionless and a parametric study is performed where the effects of various dimensionless numbers representing the effects of heat conduction, viscous dissipation, radiation, and so forth are presented.
Thanin Sitthiwirattham
2012-01-01
Full Text Available By using Krasnoselskii's fixed point theorem, we study the existence of positive solutions to the three-point summation boundary value problem Δ2u(t-1+a(tf(u(t=0, t∈{1,2,…,T}, u(0=β∑s=1ηu(s, u(T+1=α∑s=1ηu(s, where f is continuous, T≥3 is a fixed positive integer, η∈{1,2,...,T-1}, 0<α<(2T+2/η(η+1, 0<β<(2T+2-αη(η+1/η(2T-η+1, and Δu(t-1=u(t-u(t-1. We show the existence of at least one positive solution if f is either superlinear or sublinear.
A symmetric solution of a multipoint boundary value problem at resonance
2006-01-01
Full Text Available We apply a coincidence degree theorem of Mawhin to show the existence of at least one symmetric solution of the nonlinear second-order multipoint boundary value problem u ″ ( t = f ( t , u ( t , | u ′ ( t | , t ∈ ( 0 , 1 , u ( 0 = ∑ i = 1 n μ i u ( ξ i , u ( 1 − t = u ( t , t ∈ ( 0 , 1 ] , where 0 < ξ 1 < ξ 2 < … ≤ ξ n 1 / 2 , ∑ i = 1 n μ i = 1 , f : [ 0 , 1 ] × ℝ 2 → ℝ with f ( t , x , y = f ( 1 − t , x , y , ( t , x , y ∈ [ 0 , 1 ] × ℝ 2 , satisfying the Carathéodory conditions.
Babuška, I.; Chleboun, Jan
2002-01-01
Roč. 71, č. 240 (2002), s. 1339-1370. ISSN 0025-5718 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/98/0528 Keywords : Neumann boundary value problem * uncertain boundary * stability Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.015, year: 2002
Faminskii, Andrei V.
2013-01-01
An initial-boundary value problem in a strip with homogeneous Diriclet boundary conditions for two-dimensional generalized Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation is considered. In particular, dissipative and absorbing degenerate terms can be supplemented to the original Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation. Results on global existence, uniqueness and long-time decay of weak silutions are established.
Advances in the study of boundary value problems for nonlinear integrable PDEs
In this review I summarize some of the most significant advances of the last decade in the analysis and solution of boundary value problems for integrable partial differential equations (PDEs) in two independent variables. These equations arise widely in mathematical physics, and in order to model realistic applications, it is essential to consider bounded domain and inhomogeneous boundary conditions. I focus specifically on a general and widely applicable approach, usually referred to as the unified transform or Fokas transform, that provides a substantial generalization of the classical inverse scattering transform. This approach preserves the conceptual efficiency and aesthetic appeal of the more classical transform approaches, but presents a distinctive and important difference. While the inverse scattering transform follows the ‘separation of variables’ philosophy, albeit in a nonlinear setting, the unified transform is based on the idea of synthesis, rather than separation, of variables. I will outline the main ideas in the case of linear evolution equations, and then illustrate their generalization to certain nonlinear cases of particular significance. (invited article)
Interior and exterior solutions for boundary value problems in composite elastic and viscous media
R. P. Kanwal
1985-06-01
Full Text Available We present the solutions for the boundary value problems of elasticity when a homogeneous and isotropic solid of an arbitrary shape is embedded in an infinite homogeneous isotropic medium of different properties. The solutions are obtained inside both the guest and host media by an integral equation technique. The boundaries considered are an oblong, a triaxial ellipsoid and an elliptic cyclinder of a finite height and their limiting configurations in two and three dimensions. The exact interior and exterior solutions for an ellipsoidal inclusion and its limiting configurations are presented when the infinite host medium is subjected to a uniform strain. In the case of an oblong or an elliptic cylinder of finite height the solutions are approximate. Next, we present the formula for the energy stored in the infinite host medium due to the presence of an arbitrary symmetrical void in it. This formula is evaluated for the special case of a spherical void. Finally, we analyse the change of shape of a viscous incompressible ellipsoidal region embedded in a slowly deforming fluid of a different viscosity. Two interesting limiting cases are discussed in detail.
Advances in the study of boundary value problems for nonlinear integrable PDEs
Pelloni, Beatrice
2015-02-01
In this review I summarize some of the most significant advances of the last decade in the analysis and solution of boundary value problems for integrable partial differential equations (PDEs) in two independent variables. These equations arise widely in mathematical physics, and in order to model realistic applications, it is essential to consider bounded domain and inhomogeneous boundary conditions. I focus specifically on a general and widely applicable approach, usually referred to as the unified transform or Fokas transform, that provides a substantial generalization of the classical inverse scattering transform. This approach preserves the conceptual efficiency and aesthetic appeal of the more classical transform approaches, but presents a distinctive and important difference. While the inverse scattering transform follows the ‘separation of variables’ philosophy, albeit in a nonlinear setting, the unified transform is based on the idea of synthesis, rather than separation, of variables. I will outline the main ideas in the case of linear evolution equations, and then illustrate their generalization to certain nonlinear cases of particular significance.
Yanmei Sun
2012-01-01
Full Text Available By using the Leggett-Williams fixed theorem, we establish the existence of multiple positive solutions for second-order nonhomogeneous Sturm-Liouville boundary value problems with linear functional boundary conditions. One explicit example with singularity is presented to demonstrate the application of our main results.
Zhenlai Han
2012-11-01
Full Text Available In this article, we consider the following boundary-value problem of nonlinear fractional differential equation with $p$-Laplacian operator $$displaylines{ D_{0+}^eta(phi_p(D_{0+}^alpha u(t+a(tf(u=0, quad 0
Valent, Tullio
1988-01-01
In this book I present, in a systematic form, some local theorems on existence, uniqueness, and analytic dependence on the load, which I have recently obtained for some types of boundary value problems of finite elasticity. Actually, these results concern an n-dimensional (n ~ 1) formal generalization of three-dimensional elasticity. Such a generalization, be sides being quite spontaneous, allows us to consider a great many inter esting mathematical situations, and sometimes allows us to clarify certain aspects of the three-dimensional case. Part of the matter presented is unpublished; other arguments have been only partially published and in lesser generality. Note that I concentrate on simultaneous local existence and uniqueness; thus, I do not deal with the more general theory of exis tence. Moreover, I restrict my discussion to compressible elastic bodies and I do not treat unilateral problems. The clever use of the inverse function theorem in finite elasticity made by STOPPELLI [1954, 1957a, 1957b]...
The iterative scheme based on the combination of Continuous analogue of the Newton's method and Continuation method was developed for the solving a boundary value problem together with an additional condition. The accuracy was investigated numerically. The suggested method was applied for the numerical investigation of the equations of the solvated electron problem, of some bielectron problem and one QCD problem with an increasing potential. 10 refs.; 6 figs.; 2 tabs
Existence of Positive Solutions for Second-Order m-Point Boundary Value Problems on Time Scales
Pei-guang Wang; Ying Wang
2006-01-01
This paper investigates the existence of positive solutions of the m-point boundary value problem for second-order dynamic equations on time scales, and obtain the result that the problem has at least one positive solution by using functional-type cone expansion-compression fixed point theorem.
THE INITIAL BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM FOR QUASI-LINEAR SCHR(O)DINGER-POISSON EQUATIONS
无
2006-01-01
In this article, the author studies the initial-(Dirichlet) boundary problem for a high-field version of the Schr(o)dinger-Poisson equations, which include a nonlinear term in the Poisson equation corresponding to a field-dependent dielectric constant and an effective potential in the Schrodinger equations on the unit cube. A global existence and uniqueness is established for a solution to this problem.
On a class of non-self-adjoint periodic boundary value problems with discrete real spectrum
Boulton, Lyonell; Levitin, Michael; Marletta, Marco
2010-01-01
In [arXiv:0801.0172] we examined a family of periodic Sturm-Liouville problems with boundary and interior singularities which are highly non-self-adjoint but have only real eigenvalues. We now establish Schatten class properties of the associated resolvent operator.
Positive Solutions to m-point Boundary Value Problem of Fractional Differential Equation
Yuan-sheng TIAN
2013-01-01
In this paper,we study the multiplicity of positive solutions to the following m-point boundary value problem of nonlinear fractional differential equations:｛Dqu(t)+f(t,u(t))=0,0＜t＜1,u(0) =0,u(1)=m-2Σ i=1μiDpu(t) |t=ξi,where q∈R,1＜q≤2,0＜ξ1＜ξ2＜…＜ξm-2≤1/2,μ∈[0,+∞) and p =q-1/ 2,Γ(q)m-2 Σ i=1μiξi q-1/2 ＜ Γ(q+1/2),Dq is the standard Riemann-Liouville differentiation,and f∈C([0,1] × [0,+∞),[0,+∞)).By using the Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem on a convex cone,some multiplicity results of positive solutions are obtained.
Lingju Kong
2013-04-01
Full Text Available We study the existence of multiple solutions to the boundary value problem $$displaylines{ frac{d}{dt}Big(frac12{}_0D_t^{-eta}(u'(t+frac12{}_tD_T^{-eta}(u'(t Big+lambda abla F(t,u(t=0,quad tin [0,T],cr u(0=u(T=0, }$$ where $T>0$, $lambda>0$ is a parameter, $0leqeta<1$, ${}_0D_t^{-eta}$ and ${}_tD_T^{-eta}$ are, respectively, the left and right Riemann-Liouville fractional integrals of order $eta$, $F: [0,T]imesmathbb{R}^Nomathbb{R}$ is a given function. Our interest in the above system arises from studying the steady fractional advection dispersion equation. By applying variational methods, we obtain sufficient conditions under which the above equation has at least three solutions. Our results are new even for the special case when $eta=0$. Examples are provided to illustrate the applicability of our results.
D. Goos
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We consider the time-fractional derivative in the Caputo sense of order α∈(0, 1. Taking into account the asymptotic behavior and the existence of bounds for the Mainardi and the Wright function in R+, two different initial-boundary-value problems for the time-fractional diffusion equation on the real positive semiaxis are solved. Moreover, the limit when α↗1 of the respective solutions is analyzed, recovering the solutions of the classical boundary-value problems when α = 1, and the fractional diffusion equation becomes the heat equation.
跨共振的周期-积分边值问题%Periodic-Integral Boundary Value Problems across Resonance
宋新; 杨雪
2011-01-01
研究二阶微分方程周期-积分边值问题,应用最优控制理论给出了跨多个共振情形下的二阶微分方程周期-积分边值问题唯一可解的最优条件.%The periodic-integral boundary value problems for second order differential equations were considered. On the basis of optimal control theory method, we gave an optimal condition of the unique solvability to the periodic-integral boundary value problems for second order differential equations across multiple resonance.
Balint AgnetaMaria
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract The boundary value problem , , , , and is strictly decreasing on , is considered. Here, are constants having the following properties: are strictly positive and . Necessary or sufficient conditions are given in terms of for the existence of concave solutions of the above nonlinear boundary value problem (NLBVP. Numerical illustration is given. This kind of results is useful in the experiment planning and technology design of single crystal rod growth from the melt by edge-defined film-fed growth (EFG method. With this aim, this study was undertaken.
All articles must In this paper we introduce some new concepts for second-order hyperbolic equations: two-point boundary value problem, global exact controllability and exact controllability. For several kinds of important linear and nonlinear wave equations arising from physics and geometry, we prove the existence of smooth solutions of the two-point boundary value problems and show the global exact controllability of these wave equations. In particular, we investigate the two-point boundary value problem for one-dimensional wave equation defined on a closed curve and prove the existence of smooth solution which implies the exact controllability of this kind of wave equation. Furthermore, based on this, we study the two-point boundary value problems for the wave equation defined on a strip with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions and show that the equation still possesses the exact controllability in these cases. Finally, as an application, we introduce the hyperbolic curvature flow and obtain a result analogous to the well-known theorem of Gage and Hamilton for the curvature flow of plane curves.
The boundary value problem of axisymmetrical slow motion of viscous incompressible fluid in the upper half-space or in the whole space surrounding a fixed infinite circular cylinder is considered. The solution of the linearized non-homogeneous Navier-Stokes equations is obtained in each case in quadratures by using Abel integral equations, which transform the axisymmetrical problem to solvable two dimensional plane problem. (author)
Zhang Peiguo
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract By obtaining intervals of the parameter λ, this article investigates the existence of a positive solution for a class of nonlinear boundary value problems of second-order differential equations with integral boundary conditions in abstract spaces. The arguments are based upon a specially constructed cone and the fixed point theory in cone for a strict set contraction operator. MSC: 34B15; 34B16.
Rabah Haoua
2015-04-01
Full Text Available In this article we give some new results on abstract second-order differential equations of elliptic type with variable operator coefficients and general Robin boundary conditions, in the framework of Holder spaces. We assume that the family of variable coefficients verify the well known Labbas-Terreni assumption used in the sum theory. We use Dunford calculus, interpolation spaces and the semigroup theory to obtain existence, uniqueness and maximal regularity results for the solution of the problem.
Yan Sun
2015-01-01
Under some conditions concerning the first eigenvalues corresponding to the relevant linear operator, we obtain sharp optimal criteria for the existence of positive solutions for p-Laplacian problems with integral boundary conditions. The main methods in the paper are constructing an available integral operator and combining fixed point index theory. The interesting point of the results is that the nonlinear term contains all lower-order derivatives explicitly. Finally, we give some examples ...
YUAN Yi-rang; LI Chang-feng; YANG Cheng-shun; HAN Yu-ji
2008-01-01
The coupled system of multilayer dynamics of fluids in porous media is to describe the history of oil-gas transport and accumulation in basin evolution. It is of great value in rational evaluation of prospecting and exploiting oil-gas resources. The mathematical model can be described as a coupled system of nonlinear partial differential equations with moving boundary values. A kind of characteristic finite difference schemes is put forward, from which optimal order estimates in l2 norm are derived for the error in the approximate solutions. The research is important both theoretically and practically for the model analysis in the field, the model numerical method and software development.
Lv Xuezhe
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract The existence and uniqueness of positive solution is obtained for the singular second-order -point boundary value problem for , , , where , , are constants, and can have singularities for and/or and for . The main tool is the perturbation technique and Schauder fixed point theorem.
M. Venkatesulu
1995-12-01
Full Text Available An algorithm for the computation of Green's matrices for boundary value problems associated with a pair of mixed linear regular ordinary differential operators is presented and two examples from the studies of acoustic waveguides in ocean and transverse vibrations in nonhomogeneous strings are discussed.
Vodstrčil, Petr
2004-01-01
Roč. 11, č. 3 (2004), s. 583-602. ISSN 1072-947X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1019905 Keywords : second order linear functional differential equation * nonnegative solution * three-point boundary value problem Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics
Chatthai Thaiprayoon
2014-01-01
Full Text Available By developing a new comparison result and using the monotone iterative technique, we are able to obtain existence of minimal and maximal solutions of periodic boundary value problems for first-order impulsive functional integrodifferential equations with integral-jump conditions. An example is also given to illustrate our results.
GUO Fei
2007-01-01
In this paper we study the mixed initial-boundary value problem for inhomogeneous quasilinear hyperbolic systems in the domain D={(t,x)| t≥O,x≥O}.Under the assumption that the source term satisfies the matching condition,a sufficient condition to guarantee the existence and uniqueness of global weakly discontinuous solution is given.
Shuqin Zhang
2013-11-01
Full Text Available In this work, we show the existence of a solution for a two-point boundary-value problem having a singular differential equation of variable order. We use some analysis techniques and the Arzela-Ascoli theorem, and then illustrate our results with examples.
Prigarin, Sergej M.; Winkler, Gerhard
2003-01-01
To solve boundary value problems for linear systems of stochastic differential equations we propose and justify a numerical method based on the Gibbs sampler. In contrast to the technique which yields for linear systems an "exact" numerical solution, the proposed method is simpler to generalize for stochastic partial differential equations and nonlinear systems. Such generalizations are discussed as well.
无
2006-01-01
Dirichlet boundary value problems for perturbed second-order differential equations on a half line are investigated in this paper. The methods mainly depend on the calculus of variations to the classical functionals. Sufficient conditions are obtained for the existence of the solutions.
无
2009-01-01
In this paper, we consider a two-point boundary value problem for a system of second order ordinary differential equations. Under some conditions, we show the existence of positive solution to the system of second order ordinary differential equa-tions.
王同科
2002-01-01
In this paper, a high accuracy finite volume element method is presented for two-point boundary value problem of second order ordinary differential equation, which differs fromthe high order generalized difference methods. It is proved that the method has optimal order er-ror estimate O(h3) in H1 norm. Finally, two examples show that the method is effective.
Elliptic boundary value problems on corner domains smoothness and asymptotics of solutions
Dauge, Monique
1988-01-01
This research monograph focusses on a large class of variational elliptic problems with mixed boundary conditions on domains with various corner singularities, edges, polyhedral vertices, cracks, slits. In a natural functional framework (ordinary Sobolev Hilbert spaces) Fredholm and semi-Fredholm properties of induced operators are completely characterized. By specially choosing the classes of operators and domains and the functional spaces used, precise and general results may be obtained on the smoothness and asymptotics of solutions. A new type of characteristic condition is introduced which involves the spectrum of associated operator pencils and some ideals of polynomials satisfying some boundary conditions on cones. The methods involve many perturbation arguments and a new use of Mellin transform. Basic knowledge about BVP on smooth domains in Sobolev spaces is the main prerequisite to the understanding of this book. Readers interested in the general theory of corner domains will find here a new basic t...
Т. Horsin
2014-01-01
Full Text Available We consider an optimal control problem associated to Dirichlet boundary valueproblem for linear elliptic equations on a bounded domain Ω. We take the matrixvalued coecients A(x of such system as a control in L1(Ω;RN RN. One of the important features of the admissible controls is the fact that the coecient matrices A(x are non-symmetric, unbounded on Ω, and eigenvalues of the symmetric part Asym = (A + At=2 may vanish in Ω.
Otero Juez, Jesús
1987-01-01
In this paper he Nahs-Hörmander theorem is used in order to get a new exsitence and uniqueness result for the Scalar Boundary Value Problem of Physical Geodesy. The existence is proved for C[...] neighbourhood of admisible telluroids while the uniqueness is only verified in a C[...] neighbourhood, the results being similar to those ones obtained by Hörmander in his study of the Molodensky's problem.
Gai Gongqi
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Abstract This article studies the boundary value problems for the third-order nonlinear singular difference equations Δ 3 u ( i - 2 + λ a ( i f ( i , u ( i = 0 , i ∈ [ 2 , T + 2 ] , satisfying five kinds of different boundary value conditions. This article shows the existence of positive solutions for positone and semi-positone type. The nonlinear term may be singular. Two examples are also given to illustrate the main results. The arguments are based upon fixed point theorems in a cone. MSC [2008]: 34B15; 39A10.
林贵成; 盛万成
2008-01-01
This paper is concerned with Godunov's scheme for the initial-boundary value problem of scalar conservation laws. A kind of Godunov's scheme, which satisfies the boundary entropy condition, was given. By use of the scheme, numerical simulation for the weak entropy solution to the initial-boundary value problem of scalar conservation laws is conducted.