Noonan, Daniel Richard
The following thesis project is an investigation in the topic of security through design. The study sought a site and program susceptible to attack in the public environment in order to design an appropriate response to the inherent tension from those attributes. The work represents an architectural reaction to the engineered assessments and solutions that permeate the post 9/11 world. The seemingly indiscriminate deployment of bollards, planters, and jersey barriers choke the ...
ABSTRAK Mooring dolphin adalah bagian yang sangat penting dan tidak terpisahkan pada konstruksi pelabuhan ataupun dermaga. Mooring dolphin memiliki berbagai macam jenis dan bentuk. Mooring dolphin berfungsi sebagai alat untuk menambat kapal yang berlabuh pada pelabuhan atau dermaga tersebut agar tidak bergeser jauh dari pelabuhan pada saat menerima gaya. Sehingga dengan demikian mooring dolphin yang terdiri dari tiga bagian utama yaitu, bollard, poer, dan tiang pancang yang direncanakan ...
Valero Martínez, Marta; Zamora Alvarez, Tomas Augusto; Fayos Sancho, Juan; Cerda Casanoves, María Reyes; GARCIA MOLINA, CARLOS; Olaso Melis, Jose; Laparra Hernandez, Jose; Baydal Bertomeu, José Mª
[EN] The ECO-RUBBER project has implemented the design and manufacture of recycled urban furniture through an innovative process of grinding and sintering. The key differentiation has been the use of recycled rubber from end- of-life tyres (ELT) and its application into urban environment to make a city more sustainable, secure and friendly to its inhabitants. The experimental proposal developed a bollard made of 89% recycled material with new functionalities that reduce the risk of an injury ...
To reduce costs and limit pollution from transportation of goods by sea, a method for optimization of the propulsive efficiency of an 8000 dead weight tonnage tanker is investigated. Emphasis is put on the interaction between the propulsion system and the hull.The optimum combination of pitch and propeller rate of revolutions is sought for a controllable pitch propeller, working behind a tanker. Two stern shapes have been examined at the vessels design speed, and in bollard pull conditi...
Although active transport is considered the most efficient way of depositing materials in the appropriate compartments within living cells, free diffusion remains the energetically cheapest and most widespread determinant of the in-cell dynamics. Here we investigate the hypothesis of cargoes - vesicles or organelles - being transported by the means of free diffusion, limited spatially by the molecular motors. Routinely navigating through ever-changing and unsteady environment, utilizing chemical energy (e.g. from hydrolyzing ATP), as the result they transport cell's crucial components, such as neurotransmitters and organelles. In our model the motor, which we identify with kinesin-1 walking along the microtubule, tethers the cargo in the same manner as a mooring rope attached to a bollard holds a ship from drifting toward the open sea. We study the model behavior in the context of optical trap single molecule experiments, mimicking their procedures in our simulations and investigate how the mechanical propert...
CAO Qing-ming; HONG Fang-wen; TANG Deng-hai; HU Fang-lin; LU Lin-zhang
This article presents an approach which employs a commercial Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solver to predict the steady wake field and loading distributions for a rim driven thruster.Four different cases of propeller blades are chosen to be calculated with the presented method.The propeller blade radial circulation and chordwise circulation density distributions are analyzed.The maximum radial circulation is found at the blade tip,which is different from conventional shaft drven propeller.The numerical results indicate that there is no tip leakage vortex in rim driven propulors.But there exist the tip joint vortex and the root region vortex.Bollard characteristics are calculated by taking rim surface effect into account.From the predicted results the second case in this paper is selected as the final one to perform hydrodynamic experiment.The calculation results with empirical rim surface corrections are compared with the measurement.It shows that the developed numerical method can well predict hydrodynamic performances of the rim driven thruster.
W. Lam; G. A. Hamill; SONG Yong-chen; D. J. Robinson; S. Raghunathan
In the present study, an experimental investigation of the decay of the maximum velocity and its turbulent characteristics behind a ship propeller, in "bollard pull" condition (zero speed of advance), is reported. Velocity measurements were performed in laboratory by use of a Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) measurement system. Earlier researchers described that the maximum axial velocity is constant at the initial stage of a ship's propeller jet (Fuehrer and Romisch, 1977; Blaauw and van de Kaa, 1978; Berger et al., 1981; Verhey, 1983) as reported in a pure water jet (Albert.son et al., 1950; Lee et al., 2002; Dai, 2005), but a number of researchers disagreed with the constant velocity assumption. The present study found that the maximum axial velocity decays in the zone of flow establishment and the zone of established flow with different rates. The investigation provides an insight into the decays of both the maximum velocity and the maximum turbulent fluctuation in axial, tangential and radial components and the decay of the maximum turbulent kinetic energy. Empirical equations are proposed to allow coastal engineers to estimate the jet characteristics from a ship's propeller.