The Thermodynamics of Black Holes
Wald Robert M.
2001-01-01
Full Text Available We review the present status of black hole thermodynamics. Our review includes discussion of classical black hole thermodynamics, Hawking radiation from black holes, the generalized second law, and the issue of entropy bounds. A brief survey also is given of approaches to the calculation of black hole entropy. We conclude with a discussion of some unresolved open issues.
The Thermodynamics of Black Holes
Wald Robert M.
1999-01-01
We review the present status of black hole thermodynamics. Our review includes discussion of classical black hole thermodynamics, Hawking radiation from black holes, the generalized second law, and the issue of entropy bounds. A brief survey also is given of approaches to the calculation of black hole entropy. We conclude with a discussion of some unresolved open issues.
On Noncommutative Black Holes Thermodynamics
Faizal, Mir; Ulhoa, S C
2015-01-01
In this paper, we will analyze noncommutative deformation of the Schwarzschild black holes and Kerr black holes. We will perform our analysis by relating the commutative and the noncommutative metrics using an Moyal product. We will also analyze the thermodynamics of these noncommutative black hole solutions. We will explicitly derive expression for the corrected entropy and temperature of these black hole solutions.
Black hole thermodynamical entropy
Tsallis, Constantino [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas and National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM (United States); Cirto, Leonardo J.L. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas and National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)
2013-07-15
As early as 1902, Gibbs pointed out that systems whose partition function diverges, e.g. gravitation, lie outside the validity of the Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) theory. Consistently, since the pioneering Bekenstein-Hawking results, physically meaningful evidence (e.g., the holographic principle) has accumulated that the BG entropy S{sub BG} of a (3+1) black hole is proportional to its area L{sup 2} (L being a characteristic linear length), and not to its volume L{sup 3}. Similarly it exists the area law, so named because, for a wide class of strongly quantum-entangled d-dimensional systems, S{sub BG} is proportional to lnL if d=1, and to L{sup d-1} if d>1, instead of being proportional to L{sup d} (d {>=} 1). These results violate the extensivity of the thermodynamical entropy of a d-dimensional system. This thermodynamical inconsistency disappears if we realize that the thermodynamical entropy of such nonstandard systems is not to be identified with the BG additive entropy but with appropriately generalized nonadditive entropies. Indeed, the celebrated usefulness of the BG entropy is founded on hypothesis such as relatively weak probabilistic correlations (and their connections to ergodicity, which by no means can be assumed as a general rule of nature). Here we introduce a generalized entropy which, for the Schwarzschild black hole and the area law, can solve the thermodynamic puzzle. (orig.)
Thermodynamics of Accelerating Black Holes
Appels, Michael; Kubiznak, David
2016-01-01
We address a long-standing problem of describing the thermodynamics of a charged accelerating black hole. We derive a standard first law of black hole thermodynamics, with the usual identification of entropy proportional to the area of the event horizon -- even though the event horizon contains a conical singularity. This result not only extends the applicability of black hole thermodynamics to realms previously not anticipated, it also opens a possibility for studying novel properties of an important class of exact radiative solutions of Einstein equations describing accelerated objects. We discuss the thermodynamic volume, stability and phase structure of these black holes.
Black hole thermodynamics from decoherence
Guo, Xiao-Kan
2015-01-01
We present an approach to the four laws of black hole thermodynamics by utilizing the thermodynamics of quantum coherence. Firstly, Hawking effect is attributed to the decoherence of the two-mode squeezed state in a black hole spacetime. Then use is made of the relative entropy between undecohered and decohered squeezed states whose monotonicity gives the zeroth and the second law, while the first law can be obtained either by the vanishing of the first derivative of relative entropy or by st...
Noncommutative black hole thermodynamics
We give a general derivation, for any static spherically symmetric metric, of the relation Th=(K/2π) connecting the black hole temperature (Th) with the surface gravity (K), following the tunneling interpretation of Hawking radiation. This derivation is valid even beyond the semi-classical regime, i.e. when quantum effects are not negligible. The formalism is then applied to a spherically symmetric, stationary noncommutative Schwarzschild space-time. The effects of backreaction are also included. For such a black hole the Hawking temperature is computed in a closed form. A graphical analysis reveals interesting features regarding the variation of the Hawking temperature (including corrections due to noncommutativity and backreaction) with the small radius of the black hole. The entropy and tunneling rate valid for the leading order in the noncommutative parameter are calculated. We also show that the noncommutative Bekenstein-Hawking area law has the same functional form as the usual one
Black hole thermodynamics from decoherence
Guo, Xiao-Kan
2015-01-01
We present an approach to the four laws of black hole thermodynamics by utilizing the thermodynamics of quantum coherence. Firstly, Hawking effect is attributed to the decoherence of the two-mode squeezed state in a black hole spacetime. Then use is made of the relative entropy between undecohered and decohered squeezed states whose monotonicity gives the zeroth and the second law, while the first law can be obtained either by the vanishing of the first derivative of relative entropy or by studying the effective thermal model generated by the modular Hamiltonian. Futhermore, information-theoretic arguments give a Planck's form of the third law of black hole thermodynamics. With this approach we can understand the laboratory analogues of black holes solely by quantum theory. This approach also opens a way to reconstruct classical geometry from quantum gravity.
Thermodynamics of Lifshitz black holes
Devecioǧlu, Deniz Olgu; Sarıoǧlu, Özgür
2011-06-01
We apply the recently extended conserved Killing charge definition of Abbott-Deser-Tekin formalism to compute, for the first time, the energies of analytic Lifshitz black holes in higher dimensions. We then calculate the temperature and the entropy of this large family of solutions, and study and discuss the first law of black hole thermodynamics. Along the way we also identify the possible critical points of the relevant quadratic curvature gravity theories. Separately, we also apply the generalized Killing charge definition to compute the energy and the angular momentum of the warped AdS3 black hole solution of the three-dimensional new massive gravity theory.
Massive BTZ black hole thermodynamics
Hendi, S H; Panahiyan, S
2016-01-01
Motivated by large applications of BTZ black holes and interesting results of massive gravity, we investigate massive BTZ black holes in presence of Maxwell and Born-Infeld (BI) electrodynamics. We study geometric as well as thermodynamic structure of the solutions through canonical ensemble. Despite the existence of massive term, obtained solutions are asymptotically (a)dS and have a curvature singularity at the origin. Next, we regard varying cosmological constant and examine Van der Waals like behavior of the solutions in the extended phase space. In addition, we employ geometrical thermodynamic approaches and show that using Weinhold, Ruppeiner and Quevedo metrics leads to existence of ensemble dependency while HPEM metric yields uniform picture. For neutral case, it will be shown that generalization to massive gravity leads to presence of non-zero temperature and heat capacity for vanishing horizon radius. Such behavior is not observed for linearly charged solutions while generalization to nonlinearly on...
Black Hole Thermodynamics and Electromagnetism
Sidharth, Burra G.
2005-01-01
We show a strong parallel between the Hawking, Beckenstein black hole Thermodynamics and electromagnetism: When the gravitational coupling constant transform into the electromagnetic coupling constant, the Schwarzchild radius, the Beckenstein temperature, the Beckenstein decay time and the Planck mass transform to respectively the Compton wavelength, the Hagedorn temperature, the Compton time and a typical elementary particle mass. The reasons underlying this parallalism are then discussed in...
Black hole chemistry: thermodynamics with Lambda
Kubiznak, David; Teo, Mae
2016-01-01
We review recent developments on the thermodynamics of black holes in extended phase space, where the cosmological constant is interpreted as thermodynamic pressure and treated as a thermodynamic variable in its own right. In this approach, the mass of the black hole is no longer regarded as internal energy, rather it is identified with the chemical enthalpy. This leads to an extended dictionary for black hole thermodynamic quantities, in particular a notion of thermodynamic volume emerges for a given black hole spacetime. This volume is conjectured to satisfy the reverse isoperimetric inequality - an inequality imposing a bound on the amount of entropy black hole can carry for a fixed thermodynamic volume. New thermodynamic phase transitions naturally emerge from these identifications. Namely, we show that black holes can be understood from the viewpoint of chemistry, in terms of concepts such as Van der Waals fluids, reentrant phase transitions, and triple points. We also review the recent attempts at exten...
The thermodynamics in a dynamical black hole
Bo LIU; Wen-biao LIU
2009-01-01
Considering the back-reaction of emitting particles to the black hole, a "new" horizon is suggested where thermodynamics can be built in the dynamical black hole. It, at least, means that the thermodynamics of a dynamical black hole should not be constructed at the original event horizon any more. The temperature, "new" horizon position and radiating particles' energy will be consistent again under the theory of equilibrium thermodynamical system.
Quantum and thermodynamic aspects of Black Holes
The main results originating from the attempts of trying to incorporate quantum and thermodynamic properties and concepts to the gravitational system black hole, essentially the Hawking effect and the four laws of thermodynamics are reviewed. (Author)
Thermodynamic Metrics and Black Hole Physics
Åman, Jan; Pidokrajt, Narit
2015-01-01
We give a brief survey of thermodynamic metrics, in particular the Hessian of the entropy function, and how they apply to black hole thermodynamics. We then provide a detailed discussion of the Gibbs surface of Kerr black holes. In particular we analyze its global properties, and extend it to take the entropy of the inner horizon into account. A brief discussion of Kerr-Newman black holes is included.
Black hole thermodynamics in MOdified Gravity (MOG)
Mureika, Jonas R.; Moffat, John W.; Faizal, Mir
2016-06-01
We analyze the thermodynamical properties of black holes in a modified theory of gravity, which was initially proposed to obtain correct dynamics of galaxies and galaxy clusters without dark matter. The thermodynamics of non-rotating and rotating black hole solutions resembles similar solutions in Einstein-Maxwell theory with the electric charge being replaced by a new mass dependent gravitational charge Q =√{ αGN } M. This new mass dependent charge modifies the effective Newtonian constant from GN to G =GN (1 + α), and this in turn critically affects the thermodynamics of the black holes. We also investigate the thermodynamics of regular solutions, and explore the limiting case when no horizons forms. So, it is possible that the modified gravity can lead to the absence of black hole horizons in our universe. Finally, we analyze corrections to the thermodynamics of a non-rotating black hole and obtain the usual logarithmic correction term.
On the thermodynamics of hairy black holes
We investigate the thermodynamics of a general class of exact 4-dimensional asymptotically Anti-de Sitter hairy black hole solutions and show that, for a fixed temperature, there are small and large hairy black holes similar to the Schwarzschild–AdS black hole. The large black holes have positive specific heat and so they can be in equilibrium with a thermal bath of radiation at the Hawking temperature. The relevant thermodynamic quantities are computed by using the Hamiltonian formalism and counterterm method. We explicitly show that there are first order phase transitions similar to the Hawking–Page phase transition
Local thermodynamics of KS black hole
We study the thermodynamics of the KS black hole which is an asymptotically flat solution of the HL gravity. In particular, we introduce a cavity to describe the thermodynamics at a finite isothermal surface on general ground and to get a well-defined thermodynamics. We show that there exists a locally stable small black hole which tunnels to the hot flat space below the critical temperature and to the large black hole above the critical temperature. Moreover, it turns out that the remnant decays into the vacuum through a quantum tunneling.
Black Hole Thermodynamics Based on Unitary Evolutions
Feng, Yu-Lei
2015-01-01
In this paper, we try to construct black hole thermodynamics based on the fact that, the formation and evaporation of a black hole can be described by quantum unitary evolutions. First, we show that the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy $S_{BH}$ cannot be a Boltzmann or thermal entropy. To confirm this statement, we show that the original black hole's "first law" cannot be treated as the first law of thermodynamics formally, due to some missing metric perturbations caused by matter. Then, by including those (quantum) metric perturbations, we show that the black hole formation and evaporation can be described in a unitary manner effectively, through a quantum channel between the exterior and interior of the event horizon. In this way, the paradoxes of information loss and firewall can be resolved effectively. Finally, we show that black hole thermodynamics can be constructed in an ordinary way, by constructing statistical mechanics.
Thermodynamics of the Bardeen Regular Black Hole
We deal with the thermodynamic properties of the Bardeen regular black hole with reference to their respective horizons. It is argued here that the expression of the heat capacity at horizons is positive in one parameter region and negative in the other, and between them the heat capacity diverges where the black hole undergoes the second-order phase transition. (general)
Thermodynamics of noncommutative quantum Kerr black holes
Escamilla-Herrera, L F; Torres-Arenas, J
2016-01-01
Thermodynamic formalism for rotating black holes, characterized by noncommutative and quantum corrections, is constructed. From a fundamental thermodynamic relation, equations of state and thermodynamic response functions are explicitly given and the effect of noncommutativity and quantum correction is discussed. It is shown that the well known divergence exhibited in specific heat is not removed by any of these corrections. However, regions of thermodynamic stability are affected by noncommutativity, increasing the available states for which the system is thermodynamically stable.
Black Hole Thermodynamics and Lorentz Symmetry
Jacobson, Ted
2008-01-01
Recent developments point to a breakdown in the generalized second law of thermodynamics for theories with Lorentz symmetry violation. It appears possible to construct a perpetual motion machine of the second kind in such theories, using a black hole to catalyze the conversion of heat to work. Here we describe the arguments leading to that conclusion. We suggest the implication that Lorentz symmetry should be viewed as an emergent property of the macroscopic world, required by the second law of black hole thermodynamics.
Black hole thermodynamics from Euclidean horizon constraints.
Carlip, S
2007-07-13
To explain black hole thermodynamics in quantum gravity, one must introduce constraints to ensure that a black hole is actually present. I show that for a large class of black holes, such "horizon constraints" allow the use of conformal field theory techniques to compute the density of states, reproducing the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy in a nearly model-independent manner. One standard string theory approach to black hole entropy arises as a special case, lending support to the claim that the mechanism may be "universal." I argue that the relevant degrees of freedom are Goldstone-boson-like excitations arising from the weak breaking of symmetry by the constraints. PMID:17678209
The Conformal Version of Black Hole Thermodynamics
Wu, S Q
2004-01-01
The conformal thermodynamics of rotating charged black holes in general relativity and string theory is proposed by considering the first laws of thermodynamics for a pair of systems made up of the two horizons of a Kerr-Newman or Kerr-Sen black hole. These two systems are constructed by only demanding their ``horizon areas'' to be the sum and difference of that of the outer and inner horizons of their prototype. The thermodynamics present here is a ``conformal version'' of black hole thermodynamics, since it is closely related to the near-horizon conformal symmetry of black holes. The concept of non-quasinormal modes recently proposed by D. Birmingham and S. Carlip [7] is compatible with this ``conformal thermodynamics'', rather than the usual ``horizon thermodynamics''. In addition, we show that this conformal thermodynamics resembles to the thermodynamics of effective string or D-brane models, since the two newly-constructed systems bear a striking resemblance to the right- and left-movers in string theory...
Thermodynamics of horizons: de Sitter black holes
Kubiznak, David
2015-01-01
The thermodynamics of asymptotically de Sitter black holes is more complex than that of their asymptotically anti-de Sitter cousins. The reason is twofold: i) An observer in between the black hole and cosmological horizon finds herself in a two temperature non-equilibrium state. ii) The absence of a Killing vector that is timelike everywhere outside the black hole horizon prevents one from defining a good notion of the asymptotic mass. To overcome these difficulties various approaches exist in the literature, for example the effective temperature approach has recently become popular. In this paper we follow a more straightforward path towards the thermodynamics of de Sitter black holes, an approach that will allow us to study these black holes in a way that is analogous to the anti-de Sitter case. As per usual, we formulate several thermodynamic first laws, one for each horizon present in the spacetime, and study their thermodynamics as if they were independent thermodynamic systems characterized by their own...
On the thermodynamics of Lifshitz black holes
Devecioglu, Deniz Olgu
2011-01-01
We apply the recently extended conserved Killing charge definition of Abbott-Deser-Tekin formalism to compute, for the first time, the energies of analytic Lifshitz black holes in higher dimensions. We then calculate the temperature and the entropy of this large family of solutions and find that imposing the first law of black hole thermodynamics puts, sometimes severe, extra constraints on the allowed values of the dynamical exponent, which is a characteristic of these spacetimes. Separately, we also apply the generalized Killing charge definition to compute the energy and the angular momentum of the warped AdS_3 black hole solution of the three-dimensional New Massive Gravity theory.
Black hole thermodynamics in finite time
Gruber, Christine
2016-01-01
Finite-time thermodynamics provides the means to revisit ideal thermodynamic equilibrium processes in the light of reality and investigate the energetic "price of haste", i.e. the consequences of carrying out a process in finite time, when perfect equilibrium cannot be awaited due to economic reasons or the nature of the process. Employing the formalism of geometric thermodynamics, a lower bound on the energy dissipated during a process is derived from the thermodynamic length of that process. The notion of length is hereby defined via a metric structure on the space of equilibrium thermodynamics, spanned by a set of thermodynamic variables describing the system. Since the aim of finite-time thermodynamics is to obtain realistic limitations on idealized scenarios, it is a useful tool to reassess the efficiency of thermodynamic processes. We examine its implications for black hole thermodynamics, in particular scenarios inspired by the Penrose process, a thought experiment by which work can be extracted from a...
Thermodynamics and evaporation of the noncommutative black hole
Myung, Yun Soo [Institute of Mathematical Science and School of Computer Aided Science, Inje University, Gimhae 621-749 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong-Wan [National Creative Research Initiative Center for Controlling Optical Chaos, Pai-Chai University, Daejeon 302-735 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Young-Jai [Department of Physics and Center for Quantum Spacetime, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of)
2007-02-15
We investigate the thermodynamics of the noncommutative black hole whose static picture is similar to that of the nonsingular black hole known as the de Sitter-Schwarzschild black hole. It turns out that the final remnant of extremal black hole is a thermodynamically stable object. We describe the evaporation process of this black hole by using the noncommutativity-corrected Vaidya metric. It is found that there exists a close relationship between thermodynamic approach and evaporation process.
Thermodynamics and evaporation of the noncommutative black hole
We investigate the thermodynamics of the noncommutative black hole whose static picture is similar to that of the nonsingular black hole known as the de Sitter-Schwarzschild black hole. It turns out that the final remnant of extremal black hole is a thermodynamically stable object. We describe the evaporation process of this black hole by using the noncommutativity-corrected Vaidya metric. It is found that there exists a close relationship between thermodynamic approach and evaporation process
Thermodynamics and evaporation of the noncommutative black hole
Myung, Yun Soo; Kim, Yong-Wan; Park, Young-Jai
2006-01-01
We investigate the thermodynamics of the noncommutative black hole whose static picture is similar to that of the nonsingular black hole known as the de Sitter-Schwarzschild black hole. It turns out that the final remnant of extremal black hole is a thermodynamically stable object. We describe the evaporation process of this black hole by using the noncommutativity-corrected Vaidya metric. It is found that there exists a close relationship between thermodynamic approach and evaporation process.
The thermodynamics and thermodynamic geometry of the Park black hole
Suresh, Jishnu; Tharanath, R.; Varghese, Nijo; Kuriakose, V.C. [Cochin University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, Cochin, Kerala (India)
2014-03-15
We study the thermodynamics and thermodynamic geometry of the Park black hole in Horava gravity. By incorporating the ideas of differential geometry, we investigate the thermodynamics by using the Weinhold and the Ruppeiner geometry. We have also analyzed it in the context of the newly developed geometrothermodynamics (GTD). The divergence of the specific heat is associated with a second-order phase transition. Here in the context of the Park black hole, both Weinhold's metric and Ruppeiner's metric well explain this phase transition. But these explanations depend on the choice of the potential. Hence the Legendre invariant GTD is used, and with the true singularities in the curvature scalar, they well explain the second-order phase transition. All these methods together give an exact idea of all the behaviors of the Park black hole thermodynamics. (orig.)
Thermodynamics of higher dimensional black holes
Accetta, F.S.; Gleiser, M.
1986-05-01
We discuss the thermodynamics of higher dimensional black holes with particular emphasis on a new class of spinning black holes which, due to the increased number of Casimir invariants, have additional spin degrees of freedom. In suitable limits, analytic solutions in arbitrary dimensions are presented for their temperature, entropy, and specific heat. In 5 + 1 and 9 + 1 dimensions, more general forms for these quantities are given. It is shown that the specific heat for a higher dimensional black hole is negative definite if it has only one non-zero spin parameter, regardless of the value of this parameter. We also consider equilibrium configurations with both massless particles and massive string modes. 16 refs., 3 figs.
Thermodynamic properties of black holes in de Sitter space
Li, Huai-Fan; Ma, Meng-Sen; Ma, Ya-Qin
2016-01-01
We study the thermodynamic properties of Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m-de Sitter (RNdS) black hole in the view of global and effective thermodynamic quantities. Making use of the effective first law of thermodynamics, we can derive the effective thermodynamic quantities of de Sitter black holes. It is found that these effective thermodynamic quantities also satisfy Smarr-like formula. Especially, the effective temperatures are nonzero in the Nariai limit,...
Thermodynamics of BTZ black hole and entanglement entropy
The BTZ black Hole is (2+1) dimensional black hole solution asymptotic to anti-de-Sitter space-time. We study the discretized quantum scalar fields in background of non-rotating BTZ black hole space-time and construct the entanglement thermodynamics for massless scalar field. The behavior of the entanglement energy is understood by red shift factor caused by the curved background. The entanglement thermodynamics is compared with the black hole thermodynamics
Kim, Wontae; Son, Edwin J.; Yoon, Myungseok
2008-01-01
We study thermodynamic quantities and examine the stability of a black hole in a cavity inspired by the noncommutative geometry. It turns out that thermodynamic behavior of the noncommutative black hole is analogous to that of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole in the near extremal limit. Moreover, we identify the noncommutative parameter with the squared electric charge with some constants.
We study thermodynamic quantities and examine the stability of a black hole in a cavity inspired by the noncommutative geometry. It turns out that thermodynamic behavior of the noncommutative black hole is analogous to that of the Reissner-Nordstroem black hole in the near extremal limit. Moreover, we identify the noncommutative parameter with the squared electric charge with some constants
Thermodynamics of noncommutative BTZ black hole
Jahangir, Rashida; Saifullah, K.
2011-01-01
Thermodynamics of the BTZ black hole in noncommutative geometry is studied. We work out the Hawking temperature and entropy which reduce to their commutative limits when the noncommutativity parameter tends to zero. We also discuss the range of validity of the Hawking area law in the noncommutative case and provide graphical analysis. We see that the law is not valid unless the outer horizon is very large.
Hamiltonian thermodynamics of a Lovelock black hole
Louko, Jorma; Simon, Jonathan Z.; Winters-Hilt, Stephen N.
1996-01-01
We consider the Hamiltonian dynamics and thermodynamics of spherically symmetric spacetimes within a one-parameter family of five-dimensional Lovelock theories. We adopt boundary conditions that make every classical solution part of a black hole exterior, with the spacelike hypersurfaces extending from the horizon bifurcation three-sphere to a timelike boundary with fixed intrinsic metric. The constraints are simplified by a Kucha\\v{r}-type canonical transformation, and the theory is reduced ...
Black Hole Thermodynamics and Lorentz Symmetry
Jacobson, Ted; Wall, Aron C.
2008-01-01
Recent developments point to a breakdown in the generalized second law of thermodynamics for theories with Lorentz symmetry violation. It appears possible to construct a perpetual motion machine of the second kind in such theories, using a black hole to catalyze the conversion of heat to work. Here we describe and extend the arguments leading to that conclusion. We suggest the inference that local Lorentz symmetry may be an emergent property of the macroscopic world with origins in a microsco...
Reissner-Nordstroem Black Hole Thermodynamics In Noncommutative Spaces
This paper considers the effects of space noncommutativity on the thermodynamics of a Reissner-Nordstroem black hole. In the first step, we extend the ordinary formalism of Bekenstein-Hawking to the case of charged black holes in commutative space. In the second step we investigate the effect of space noncommutativity on the thermodynamics of charged black holes. Finally we compare thermodynamics of charged black holes in commutative space with thermodynamics of Schwarzschild black hole in noncommutative space. In this comparison we explore some conceptual relation between charge and space noncommutativity. (author)
Offshell thermodynamic metrics of the Schwarzschild black hole
Wen, Wen-Yu
2016-01-01
Thermodynamic metric usually works only for those black holes with more than one conserved charge, therefore the Schwarzschild black hole was excluded. In this letter, we compute and compare different versions of offshell thermodynamic metric for the Schwarzschild-like black hole by introducing a new degree of freedom. This new degree of freedom could be the running Newton constant, a cutoff scale for regular black hole, a noncommutative deformation, or the deformed parameter in the nonextens...
Thermodynamics from field equations for black holes with multiple horizons
Kwon, Yongjoon
2013-01-01
The first law of black hole thermodynamics can be read off from the field equations at the horizon. Until now, for black holes with multiple horizons the field equations only at the outer horizon were employed with a particular constraint. In this paper, however, we suggest that for a black hole with multiple horizons the field equations at the inner horizon as well as the outer horizon should be needed in order to obtain the first law of black hole thermodynamics in general.
Thermodynamics of rotating black holes and black rings: phase transitions and thermodynamic volume
Altamirano, Natacha; Mann, Robert B; Sherkatghanad, Zeinab
2014-01-01
In this review we summarize, expand, and set in context recent developments on the thermodynamics of black holes in extended phase space, where the cosmological constant is interpreted as thermodynamic pressure and treated as a thermodynamic variable in its own right. We specifically consider the thermodynamics of higher-dimensional rotating asymptotically flat and AdS black holes and black rings in a canonical (fixed angular momentum) ensemble. We plot the associated thermodynamic potential-the Gibbs free energy-and study its behaviour to uncover possible thermodynamic phase transitions in these black hole spacetimes. We show that the multiply-rotating Kerr-AdS black holes exhibit a rich set of interesting thermodynamic phenomena analogous to the "every day thermodynamics" of simple substances, such as reentrant phase transitions of multicomponent liquids, multiple first-order solid/liquid/gas phase transitions, and liquid/gas phase transitions of the Van der Waals type. Furthermore, the reentrant phase tran...
Quantum and thermodynamical aspects of black holes
The collapse of a spherically symmetric matter distribution resulting in Schwarzschild's black holes (BH) is discussed. Using Kerr metric, some dynamical results envolving test particles orbiting around BH with rotation are obtained. Quantum field theory is used to discuss the results obtained by Hawking in which one BH can emit a stationary flux of particles working a BH in a given temperature. Then, thermodynamics is introduced, some properties are verified and some phenomena of BH-radiation and BH-BH interaction are studied. (L.C.)
Effects of quintessence on thermodynamics of the black holes
Ghaderi, K.; Malakolkalami, B.
2016-05-01
In this letter, we investigate the effects of quintessence on thermodynamics of the Bardeen black hole and compare them with the results of our former paper. Black hole thermodynamic stability can be determined by studying the nature of heat capacity of the system. We use the first-law of thermodynamics to derive the thermodynamic quantities of these black holes and we compare and analyse the results. We plot the variation of mass, temperature and heat capacity as a functions of entropy related to the quintessence. Finally, we study the equation of state of these black holes with quintessence.
Hamiltonian thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild black hole
Louko, J
1994-01-01
Kucha\\v{r} has recently given a detailed analysis of the classical and quantum geometrodynamics of the Kruskal extension of the Schwarzschild black hole. In this paper we adapt Kucha\\v{r}'s analysis to the exterior region of a Schwarzschild black hole with a timelike boundary. The reduced Lorentzian Hamiltonian is shown to contain two independent terms, one from the timelike boundary and the other from the bifurcation two-sphere. After quantizing the theory, a thermodynamical partition function is obtained by analytically continuing the Lorentzian time evolution operator to imaginary time and taking the trace. This partition function is in agreement with the partition function obtained from the Euclidean path integral method; in particular, the bifurcation two-sphere term in the Lorentzian Hamiltonian gives rise to the black hole entropy in a way that is related to the Euclidean variational problem. We also outline how Kucha\\v{r}'s analysis of the Kruskal spacetime can be adapted to the \\RPthree geon, which i...
Thermodynamics of charged Lovelock: AdS black holes
Prasobh, C.B.; Suresh, Jishnu; Kuriakose, V.C. [Cochin University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, Cochin (India)
2016-04-15
We investigate the thermodynamic behavior of maximally symmetric charged, asymptotically AdS black hole solutions of Lovelock gravity. We explore the thermodynamic stability of such solutions by the ordinary method of calculating the specific heat of the black holes and investigating its divergences which signal second-order phase transitions between black hole states. We then utilize the methods of thermodynamic geometry of black hole spacetimes in order to explain the origin of these points of divergence. We calculate the curvature scalar corresponding to a Legendre-invariant thermodynamic metric of these spacetimes and find that the divergences in the black hole specific heat correspond to singularities in the thermodynamic phase space. We also calculate the area spectrum for large black holes in the model by applying the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization to the adiabatic invariant calculated for the spacetime. (orig.)
Thermodynamics of charged Lovelock: AdS black holes
We investigate the thermodynamic behavior of maximally symmetric charged, asymptotically AdS black hole solutions of Lovelock gravity. We explore the thermodynamic stability of such solutions by the ordinary method of calculating the specific heat of the black holes and investigating its divergences which signal second-order phase transitions between black hole states. We then utilize the methods of thermodynamic geometry of black hole spacetimes in order to explain the origin of these points of divergence. We calculate the curvature scalar corresponding to a Legendre-invariant thermodynamic metric of these spacetimes and find that the divergences in the black hole specific heat correspond to singularities in the thermodynamic phase space. We also calculate the area spectrum for large black holes in the model by applying the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization to the adiabatic invariant calculated for the spacetime. (orig.)
Entropy in the interior of a black hole and thermodynamics
Zhang, Baocheng
2015-01-01
Based on a recent proposal for the volume inside a black hole, we calculate the entropy associated with this volume and show that such entropy is proportional to the surface area of the black hole. Together with the consideration of black hole radiation, we find that the thermodynamics associated with the entropy is likely to be caused by the vacuum polarization near the horizon.
Thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole
Gim, Yongwan; Kim, Wontae, E-mail: yongwan89@sogang.ac.kr, E-mail: wtkim@sogang.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of)
2014-10-01
We study the thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole where the metric depends on the energy of the test particle. Identifying the black hole temperature with the energy from the modified dispersion relation, we obtain the modified entropy and thermodynamic energy along with the modified local temperature in the cavity to provide well defined black hole states. It is found that apart from the conventional critical temperature related to Hawking-Page phase transition there appears an additional critical temperature which is of relevance to the existence of a locally stable tiny black hole; however, the off-shell free energy tells us that this black hole should eventually tunnel into the stable large black hole. Finally, we discuss the reason why the temperature near the horizon is finite in the rainbow black hole by employing the running gravitational coupling constant, whereas it is divergent near the horizon in the ordinary Schwarzschild black hole.
Thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole
We study the thermodynamic phase transition in the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole where the metric depends on the energy of the test particle. Identifying the black hole temperature with the energy from the modified dispersion relation, we obtain the modified entropy and thermodynamic energy along with the modified local temperature in the cavity to provide well defined black hole states. It is found that apart from the conventional critical temperature related to Hawking-Page phase transition there appears an additional critical temperature which is of relevance to the existence of a locally stable tiny black hole; however, the off-shell free energy tells us that this black hole should eventually tunnel into the stable large black hole. Finally, we discuss the reason why the temperature near the horizon is finite in the rainbow black hole by employing the running gravitational coupling constant, whereas it is divergent near the horizon in the ordinary Schwarzschild black hole
Thermodynamic properties of black holes in de Sitter space
Li, Huai-Fan; Ma, Ya-Qin
2016-01-01
We study the thermodynamic properties of Schwarzschild-de Sitter (SdS) black hole and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m-de Sitter (RNdS) black hole in the view of global and effective thermodynamic quantities. Making use of the effective first law of thermodynamics, we can derive the effective thermodynamic quantities of de Sitter black holes. It is found that these effective thermodynamic quantities also satisfy Smarr-like formula. Especially, the effective temperatures are nonzero in the Nariai limit, which is consistent with the idea of Bousso and Hawking. By calculating heat capacity and Gibbs free energy, we find SdS black hole is always thermodynamically stable and RNdS black hole may undergoes phase transition at some points.
Black Hole Thermodynamics and Hamilton-Jacobi Counterterm
Bergamin, Luzi; McNees, Robert; Meyer, Rene
2007-01-01
We review the construction of the universal Hamilton-Jacobi counterterm for dilaton gravity in two dimensions, derive the corresponding result in the Cartan formulation and elaborate further upon black hole thermodynamics and semi-classical corrections. Applications include spherically symmetric black holes in arbitrary dimensions with Minkowski- or AdS-asymptotics, the BTZ black hole and black holes in two-dimensional string theory.
Thermodynamic products for Sen black hole
Pradhan, Parthapratim [Vivekananda Satavarshiki Mahavidyalaya (Affiliated to Vidyasagar University), Department of Physics, Manikpara, West Bengal (India)
2016-03-15
We investigate the properties of inner and outer horizon thermodynamics of Sen black hole (BH) both in Einstein frame (EF) and string frame (SF). We also compute area (or entropy) product, area (or entropy) sum of the said BH in EF as well as SF. In the EF, we observe that the area (or entropy) product is universal, whereas area (or entropy) sum is not universal. On the other hand, in the SF, area (or entropy) product and area (or entropy) sum don't have any universal behaviour because they all are depends on Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) mass parameter. We also verify that the first law is satisfied at the Cauchy horizon as well as event horizon (EH). In addition, we also compute other thermodynamic products and sums in the EF as well as in the SF. We further compute the Smarr mass formula and Christodoulou's irreducible mass formula for Sen BH. Moreover, we compute the area bound and entropy bound for both the horizons. The upper area bound for EH is actually the Penrose like inequality, which is the first geometric inequality in BHs. Furthermore, we compute the central charges of the left and right moving sectors of the dual CFT in Sen/CFT correspondence using thermodynamic relations. These thermodynamic relations on the multi-horizons give us further understanding the microscopic nature of BH entropy (both interior and exterior). (orig.)
Thermodynamic products for Sen black hole
We investigate the properties of inner and outer horizon thermodynamics of Sen black hole (BH) both in Einstein frame (EF) and string frame (SF). We also compute area (or entropy) product, area (or entropy) sum of the said BH in EF as well as SF. In the EF, we observe that the area (or entropy) product is universal, whereas area (or entropy) sum is not universal. On the other hand, in the SF, area (or entropy) product and area (or entropy) sum don't have any universal behaviour because they all are depends on Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) mass parameter. We also verify that the first law is satisfied at the Cauchy horizon as well as event horizon (EH). In addition, we also compute other thermodynamic products and sums in the EF as well as in the SF. We further compute the Smarr mass formula and Christodoulou's irreducible mass formula for Sen BH. Moreover, we compute the area bound and entropy bound for both the horizons. The upper area bound for EH is actually the Penrose like inequality, which is the first geometric inequality in BHs. Furthermore, we compute the central charges of the left and right moving sectors of the dual CFT in Sen/CFT correspondence using thermodynamic relations. These thermodynamic relations on the multi-horizons give us further understanding the microscopic nature of BH entropy (both interior and exterior). (orig.)
Thermodynamics and Geometrothermodynamics of Charged black holes in Massive Gravity
Suresh, Jishnu; Prabhakar, Geethu; Kuriakose, V C
2016-01-01
The objective of this paper is to study the thermodynamics and thermodynamic geometry of charged de-Sitter and charged anti de-Sitter black hole solutions in massive gravity. In this study, the presence of a negative cosmological constant is identified as a thermodynamic variable, the pressure. By incorporating this idea, we study the effect of curvature parameter as well as the mass of graviton in the thermodynamics of the black hole system. We further extend our studies to different topology of the space time and its effects on phase transition and thermodynamics. In addition, the phase transition structure of the black hole and its interactions are reproduced using geometrothermodynamics.
Thermodynamics of black holes: an analogy with glasses
Nieuwenhuizen, Th. M.
1998-01-01
The present equilibrium formulation of thermodynamics for black holes has several drawbacks, such as assuming the same temperature for black hole and heat bath. Recently the author formulated non-equilibrium thermodynamics for glassy systems. This approach is applied to black holes, with the cosmic background temperature being the bath temperature, and the Hawking temperature the internal temperature. Both Hawking evaporation and absorption of background radiation are taken into account. It i...
Thermodynamics of Sultana-Dyer black hole
The thermodynamical entities on the dynamical horizon are not naturally defined like the usual static cases. Here I find the temperature, Smarr formula and the first law of thermodynamics for the Sultana-Dyer metric which is related to the Schwarzschild spacetime by a time dependent conformal factor. To find the temperature (T), the chiral anomaly expressions for the two dimensional spacetime are used. This shows an application of the anomaly method to study Hawking effect for a dynamical situation. Moreover, the analysis singles out one expression for temperature among two existing expressions in the literature. Interestingly, the present form satisfies the first law of thermodynamics. Also, it relates the Misner-Sharp energy (Ē) and the horizon entropy ( S-bar ) by an algebraic expression Ē = 2 S-bar T which is the general form of the Smarr formula. This fact is similar to the usual static black hole cases in Einstein's gravity where the energy is identified as the Komar conserved quantity
Stability of black holes based on horizon thermodynamics
Meng-Sen Ma
2015-12-01
Full Text Available On the basis of horizon thermodynamics we study the thermodynamic stability of black holes constructed in general relativity and Gauss–Bonnet gravity. In the framework of horizon thermodynamics there are only five thermodynamic variables E, P, V, T, S. It is not necessary to consider concrete matter fields, which may contribute to the pressure of black hole thermodynamic system. In non-vacuum cases, we can derive the equation of state, P=P(V,T. According to the requirements of stable equilibrium in conventional thermodynamics, we start from these thermodynamic variables to calculate the heat capacity at constant pressure and Gibbs free energy and analyze the local and global thermodynamic stability of black holes. It is shown that P>0 is the necessary condition for black holes in general relativity to be thermodynamically stable, however this condition cannot be satisfied by many black holes in general relativity. For black hole in Gauss–Bonnet gravity negative pressure can be feasible, but only local stable black hole exists in this case.
Thermodynamic Relations for Kiselev and Dilaton Black Hole
We investigate the thermodynamics and phase transition for Kiselev black hole and dilaton black hole. Specifically we consider Reissner-Nordström black hole surrounded by radiation and dust and Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by quintessence, as special cases of Kiselev solution. We have calculated the products relating the surface gravities, surface temperatures, Komar energies, areas, entropies, horizon radii, and the irreducible masses at the Cauchy and the event horizons. It is observed that the product of surface gravities, product of surface temperature, and product of Komar energies at the horizons are not universal quantities for the Kiselev solutions while products of areas and entropies at both the horizons are independent of mass of the above-mentioned black holes (except for Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by quintessence). For charged dilaton black hole, all the products vanish. The first law of thermodynamics is also verified for Kiselev solutions. Heat capacities are calculated and phase transitions are observed, under certain conditions
On black hole thermodynamics of 2-D type 0A
We present a detailed analysis of the thermodynamics of two dimensional black hole solutions to type 0A with q units of electric and magnetic flux. We compute the free energy and derived quantities such as entropy and mass for an arbitrary non-extremal black hole. The free energy is non-vanishing, in contrast to the case of dilatonic 2-d black holes without electric and magnetic fluxes. The entropy of the extremal black holes is obtained, and we find it to be proportional to q2, the square of the RR flux. We compare these thermodynamics quantities with those from candidate matrix model duals. (author)
Thermodynamics of acoustic black holes in two dimensions
Zhang, Baocheng
2016-01-01
It is well-known that the thermal Hawking-like radiation can be emitted from the acoustic horizon, but the thermodynamic-like understanding for acoustic black holes was rarely made. In this paper, we will show that the kinematic connection can lead to the dynamic connection at the horizon between the fluid and gravitational models in two dimension, which implies that there exists the thermodynamic-like description for acoustic black holes. Then, we discuss the first law of thermodynamics for ...
Stability of black holes based on horizon thermodynamics
Ma, Meng-Sen
2015-01-01
On the basis of horizon thermodynamics we study the thermodynamic stability of black holes constructed in general relativity and Gauss-Bonnet gravity. In the framework of horizon thermodynamics there are only five thermodynamic variables $E,P,V,T,S$. It is not necessary to consider concrete matter fields, which may contribute to the pressure of black hole thermodynamic system. In non-vacuum cases, we can derive the equation of state, $P=P(V,T)$. According to the requirements of stable equilibrium in conventional thermodynamics, we start from these thermodynamic variables to calculate the heat capacity at constant pressure and Gibbs free energy and analyze the local and global thermodynamic stability of black holes. It is shown that $P>0$ is the necessary condition for black holes in general relativity to be thermodynamically stable, however this condition cannot be satisfied by many black holes in general relativity. For black hole in Gauss-Bonnet gravity negative pressure can be feasible, but only local stab...
Black hole thermodynamics and information loss in two dimensions
Fiola, T M; Strominger, A; Trivedi, S P; Thomas M Fiola; John Preskill; Andrew Strominger; Sandip P Trivedi
1994-01-01
Black hole evaporation is investigated in a (1+1)-dimensional model of quantum gravity. Quantum corrections to the black hole entropy are computed, and the fine-grained entropy of the Hawking radiation is studied. A generalized second law of thermodynamics is formulated, and shown to be valid under suitable conditions. It is also shown that, in this model, a black hole can consume an arbitrarily large amount of information.
Black-hole thermodynamics: Entropy, information and beyond
Saurya Das
2004-10-01
We review some recent advances in black-hole thermodynamics including statistical mechanical origins of black-hole entropy and its leading order corrections from the view points of various quantum gravity theories. We then examine the problem of information loss and some possible approaches to its resolution. Finally, we study some proposed experiments which may be able to provide experimental signatures of black holes.
Quantum Gravity Effects On Charged Micro Black Holes Thermodynamics
Abbasvandi, N; Radiman, Shahidan; Abdullah, W A T Wan
2016-01-01
The charged black hole thermodynamics is corrected in terms of the quantum gravity effects. Most of the quantum gravity theories support the idea that near the Planck scale, the standard Heisenberg uncertainty principle should be reformulated by the so-called Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) which provides a perturbation framework to perform required modifications of the black hole quantities. In this paper, we consider the effects of the minimal length and maximal momentum as GUP type I and the minimal length, minimal momentum, and maximal momentum as GUP type II on thermodynamics of the charged TeV-scale black holes. We also generalized our study to the universe with the extra dimensions based on the ADD model. In this framework, the effect of the electrical charge on thermodynamics of the black hole and existence of the charged black hole remnants as a potential candidate for the dark matter particles are discussed.
Black Hole Thermodynamics from a Noncommutative Area Operator
Pérez-Payán, S.; Sabido, M.
2012-01-01
One key element to calculate thermodynamical properties for a black hole is the partition function. In this paper we have incorporated the idea of a two dimensional area in a noncommutative space and were able to calculate the partition function with such a spectra. Employing the canonical quantum statistics formalism we compute the temperature, entropy and time of evaporation for a Schwarzschild black hole.
On black hole thermodynamics with a momentum relaxation
Park, Chanyong
2016-01-01
We investigate black hole thermodynamics involving a scalar hair which is dual to a momentum relaxation of the dual field theory. This black hole geometry is able to be classified by two parameters. One is a momentum relaxation and the other is a mass density of another matter localized at the center. Even though all parameters are continuous, there exists a specific point where its thermodynamic interpretation is not continuously connected to the one defined in the other parameter regime. The similar feature also appears in a topological AdS black hole. In this work, we show why such an unusual thermodynamic feature happens and provide a unified way to understand such an exotic black hole thermodynamically in the entire parameter range.
The cosmological constant and black-hole thermodynamic potentials
Dolan, Brian P.
2011-01-01
Abstract The thermodynamics of black holes in various dimensions are described in the presence of a negative cosmological constant which is treated as a thermodynamic variable, interpreted as a pressure in the equation of state. The black hole mass is then identified with the enthalpy, rather than the internal energy, and heat capacities are calculated at constant pressure not at constant volume. The Euclidean action is associated with a bridge equation for the Gibbs free energy and not th...
Thermodynamic geometry of black holes in f(R) gravity
Soroushfar, Saheb; Saffari, Reza; Kamvar, Negin
2016-01-01
In this paper, we consider three types (static, static charged and rotating charged) of black holes in f(R) gravity. We study the thermodynamical behavior, stability conditions and phase transition of these black holes. It will be shown that, the number and type of phase transition points are related to different parameters, which shows the dependency of stability conditions to these parameters. Also, we extended our study to different thermodynamic geometry methods (Ruppeiner, Weinhold and G...
Lovelock black hole thermodynamics in a string cloud model
Lee, Tae-Hun; Ghosh, Sushant G.; Maharaj, Sunil D.(Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Private Bag 54001, 4000, Durban, South Africa); Baboolal, Dharmanand
2015-01-01
The Lovelock theory is an extension of general relativity to higher dimensions. We study the Lovelock black hole for a string cloud model in arbitrary dimensional spacetime, and in turn also analyze its thermodynamical properties. Indeed, we compute the mass, temperature and entropy of the black hole and also perform a thermodynamical stability analysis. The phase structure suggests that the Hawking-Page phase transition is achievable. It turns out that the presence of the Lovelock terms and/...
Thermodynamics of Third Order Lovelock-Born-Infeld Black Holes
李鹏; 岳瑞宏; 邹德成
2011-01-01
We here explore black holes in the third order Lovelock gravity coupling with nonlinear Born-Infeld electro- magnetic field. Considering special second and third order coefficients （＆g = 363 = a2）, we analyze the thermodynamics of third order Lovelock-Born-Infeld black holes and, in 7-dimensional AdS space-time, discuss the stability of black holes in different event horizon structures. We find that the cosmological constant A plays an important role in the distribution of black hole stable regions.
Quantum Corrected Schwarzschild Black Hole: Inner Horizon Thermodynamic Behaviors
Mandal, Abhijit
2015-01-01
The thermodynamic properties of Cauchy horizon is a matter of interest. Event horizon and Cauchy horizon together can enlighten us about the micro-states of a black hole. In addition, if we consider a black hole metric modified with quantum terms, which is not forcing the geodesics to focus at a singularity, the study of horizons becomes much more interesting. The spacelike behavior inside the Cauchy horizon has a deep impact on the related thermodynamics. We analyze different thermodynamic product to check whether a right left string theory mode's addition type representation for the concerned thermodynamic parameters is possible or not. Stability of Cauchy horizon is studied.
Offshell thermodynamic metrics of the Schwarzschild black hole
Wen, Wen-Yu
2016-01-01
Thermodynamic metric usually works only for those black holes with more than one conserved charge, therefore the Schwarzschild black hole was excluded. In this letter, we compute and compare different versions of offshell thermodynamic metric for the Schwarzschild-like black hole by introducing a new degree of freedom. This new degree of freedom could be the running Newton constant, a cutoff scale for regular black hole, a noncommutative deformation, or the deformed parameter in the nonextensive Tsallis-Renyi entropy. The onshell metric of the deformed Schwarzschild solution would correspond to the submanifold by gauge fixing of this additional degree of freedom. In particular, the thermal Ricci scalar for the Schwarzschild black hole, though different for various deformation, could be obtained by switching off the deformation.
Boundary Counterterms and the Thermodynamics of 2-D Black Holes
Davis, J L; Davis, Joshua L.; Nees, Robert Mc
2005-01-01
We utilize a novel method to study the thermodynamics of two dimensional type 0A black holes with constant RR flux. Our approach is based on the Hamilton-Jacobi method of deriving boundary counterterms. We demonstrate this approach by recovering the standard results for a well understood example, Witten's black hole. Between this example and the 0A black hole we find universal expressions for the entropy and black hole mass, as well as the infra-red divergence of the partition function. As a non-trivial check of our results we verify the first law of thermodynamics for these systems. Our results for the mass disagree with the predictions of a proposed matrix model dual of the 0A black hole.
Failure of standard thermodynamics in planck scale black hole system
The final stage of the black hole evaporation is a matter of debates in the existing literature. In this paper, we consider this problem within two alternative approaches: noncommutative geometry (NCG) and the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). We compare the results of two scenarios to find a relation between parameters of these approaches. Our results show some extraordinary thermodynamical behavior for Planck size black hole evaporation. These extraordinary behavior may reflect the need for a fractal non-extensive thermodynamics for Planck size black hole evaporation process.
Failure of standard thermodynamics in planck scale black hole system
Nozari, Kourosh [Department of Physics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-1467, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: knozari@umz.ac.ir; Mehdipour, S. Hamid [Department of Physics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-1467, Babolsar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2009-01-30
The final stage of the black hole evaporation is a matter of debates in the existing literature. In this paper, we consider this problem within two alternative approaches: noncommutative geometry (NCG) and the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). We compare the results of two scenarios to find a relation between parameters of these approaches. Our results show some extraordinary thermodynamical behavior for Planck size black hole evaporation. These extraordinary behavior may reflect the need for a fractal non-extensive thermodynamics for Planck size black hole evaporation process.
Black Hole Thermodynamic Products in Einstein Gauss Bonnet Gravity
Mandal, Abhijit
2015-01-01
We study the thermodynamic properties of black hole horizons in Einstein Gauss Bonnet gravity. We derive the thermodynamic products of characteristic parameters to mark which are global. We further interpret the stability of the black holes by computing the specific heat for both horizons. Stable and unstable phases of horizons are pointed out. The phase transitions with respect to the charge in nature of specific heat are also observed. All these calculation might be helpful to understand the microscopic nature of such black holes.
Black holes and thermodynamics -- The first half century
Grumiller, Daniel; Salzer, Jakob
2014-01-01
Black hole thermodynamics emerged from the classical general relativistic laws of black hole mechanics, summarized by Bardeen-Carter-Hawking, together with the physical insights by Bekenstein about black hole entropy and the semi-classical derivation by Hawking of black hole evaporation. The black hole entropy law inspired the formulation of the holographic principle by 't Hooft and Susskind, which is famously realized in the gauge/gravity correspondence by Maldacena, Gubser-Klebanov-Polaykov and Witten within string theory. Moreover, the microscopic derivation of black hole entropy, pioneered by Strominger-Vafa within string theory, often serves as a consistency check for putative theories of quantum gravity. In this book chapter we review these developments over five decades, starting in the 1960ies.
Thermodynamic geometry and extremal black holes in string theory
We study a generalisation of thermodynamic geometry to degenerate quantum ground states at zero temperatures exemplified by charged extremal black holes in type II string theories. Several examples of extremal charged black holes with non degenerate thermodynamic geometries and regular but vanishingly small state space scalar curvatures are established. These include black holes described by D1-D5-P and D2-D6-NS5-P brane systems and also two charged small black holes in Type II string theories. We also explore the modifications to the state space geometry and the scalar curvature due to the higher derivative contributions and string loop corrections as well as an exact entropy expression from quantum information theory. Our construction describes state space geometries arising out of a possible limiting thermodynamic characterisation of degenerate quantum ground states at zero temperatures.
Geometro-thermodynamics of tidal charged black holes
Tidal charged spherically symmetric vacuum brane black holes are characterized by their mass m and tidal charge q, an imprint of the five-dimensional Weyl curvature. For q>0 they are formally identical to the Reissner-Nordstroem black hole of general relativity. We study the thermodynamics and thermodynamic geometries of tidal charged black holes and discuss similarities and differences as compared to the Reissner-Nordstroe m black hole. As a similarity, we show that (for q>0) the heat capacity of the tidal charged black hole diverges on a set of measure zero of the parameter space, nevertheless both the regularity of the Ruppeiner metric and a Poincare stability analysis show no phase transition at those points. The thermodynamic state spaces being different indicates that the underlying statistical models could be different. We find that the q<0 parameter range, which enhances the localization of gravity on the brane, is thermodynamically preferred. Finally we constrain for the first time the possible range of the tidal charge from the thermodynamic limit on gravitational radiation efficiency at black hole mergers. (orig.)
Thermodynamic stability of black holes surrounded by quintessence
Ma, Meng-Sen; Ma, Ya-Qin
2016-01-01
We study the thermodynamic stabilities of uncharged and charged black holes surrounded by quintessence (BHQ) by means of effective thermodynamic quantities. When the state parameter of quintessence $\\omega_q$ is appropriately chosen, the structures of BHQ are something like that of black holes in de Sitter space. Constructing the effective first law of thermodynamics in two different ways, we can derive the effective thermodynamic quantities of BHQ. Especially, these effective thermodynamic quantities also satisfy Smarr-like formulae. It is found that the uncharged BHQ is always thermodynamically unstable due to negative heat capacity, while for the charged BHQ there are phase transitions of the second order. We also show that there is a great deal of difference on the thermodynamic properties and critical behaviors of BHQ between the two ways we employed.
Black hole thermodynamics, stringy dualities and double field theory
Arvanitakis, Alex S
2016-01-01
We discuss black hole thermodynamics in the manifestly duality invariant formalism of double field theory (DFT). We reformulate and prove the first law of black hole thermodynamics in DFT, using the covariant phase space approach. After splitting the full O(D, D) invariant DFT into a Kaluza-Klein-inspired form where only n coordinates are doubled, our results provide explicit duality invariant mass and entropy formulas. We illustrate how this works by discussing the black fundamental string solution and its T-duals.
Quantum Thermodynamics of Black Hole Horizons
Moretti, Valter; Pinamonti, Nicola
2005-01-01
Exploiting results recently proved in a technical paper (and some of them are reviewed herein in the language of theoretical physicists) we focus on quantization of the metric of a black hole restricted to the Killing horizon with universal radius r0. The metric is represented in a suitable manner after imposing spherical symmetry and, after restriction to the Killing horizon, it is quantized employing chiral currents. Two "components of the metric" are in fact quantized: one behaves as an af...
String Solitons and Black Hole Thermodynamics
Khuri, R R
1997-01-01
We discuss the role of string solitons in duality and examine the feature of compositeness, which allows for the interpretation of general solutions as bound states of supersymmetric fundamental constituents. This feature lies at the heart of the recent success of string theory in reproducing the Bekenstein-Hawking black hole entropy formula. Talk given at 19th annual MRST meeting, Syracuse, NY, May 12-13, 1997.
Constraints on the Generalized Uncertainty Principle from Black Hole Thermodynamics
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan; Faizal, Mir
2015-01-01
In this paper, we calculate the modification to the thermodynamics of a Schwarzschild black hole in higher dimensions because of Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP). We use the fact that the leading order corrections to the entropy of a black hole has to be logarithmic in nature to restrict the form of GUP. We observe that in six dimensions, the usual GUP produces the correct form for the leading order corrections to the entropy of a black hole. However, in five and seven dimensions a linear GUP, which is obtained by a combination of DSR with the usual GUP, is needed to produce the correct form of the corrections to the entropy of a black hole. Finally, we demonstrate that in five dimensions, a new form of GUP containing quadratic and cubic powers of the momentum also produces the correct form for the leading order corrections to the entropy of a black hole.
Thermodynamic instability of nonlinearly charged black holes in gravity's rainbow
Hendi, S H; Panah, B Eslam; Momennia, M
2015-01-01
Motivated by the violation of Lorentz invariancy in quantum gravity, we study black hole solutions in gravity's rainbow in the context of Einstein gravity coupled with various models of nonlinear electrodynamics. We regard an energy dependent spacetime and obtain related metric functions and electric fields. We show that there is an essential singularity at the origin which is covered with an event horizon. We also compute the conserved and thermodynamical quantities and examine the validity of the first law of thermodynamics in the presence of rainbow functions. Finally we investigate thermal stability conditions for these black hole solutions in context of canonical ensemble. We show that although there is not physical small black hole, large black holes are physical and enjoy thermal stability in gravity's rainbow.
Thermodynamics of an Evaporating Schwarzschild Black Hole in Noncommutative Space
Nozari, Kourosh; Fazlpour, Behnaz
2006-01-01
We investigate the effects of space noncommutativity and the generalized uncertainty principle on the thermodynamics of a radiating Schwarzschild black hole. We show that evaporation process is in such a way that black hole reaches to a maximum temperature before its final stage of evolution and then cools down to a nonsingular remnant with zero temperature and entropy. We compare our results with more reliable results of string theory. This comparison Shows that GUP and space noncommutativit...
Failure of Standard Thermodynamics in Planck Scale Black Hole System
Nozari, Kourosh; Mehdipour, S. Hamid
2006-01-01
The final stage of the black hole evaporation is a matter of debates in the existing literature. In this paper, we consider this problem within two alternative approaches: noncommutative geometry(NCG) and the generalized uncertainty principle(GUP). We compare the results of two scenarios to find a relation between parameters of these approaches. Our results show some extraordinary thermodynamical behavior for Planck size black hole evaporation. These extraordinary behavior may reflect the nee...
Thermodynamics of a Bardeen black hole in noncommutative space
Sharif, M.; Javed, Wajiha
2011-01-01
In this paper, we examine the effects of space noncommutativity on the thermodynamics of a Bardeen charged regular black hole. For a suitable choice of sets of parameters, the behavior of the singularity, horizon, mass function, black hole mass, temperature, entropy and its differential, area and energy distribution of the Bardeen solution have been discussed graphically for both noncommutative and commutative spaces. Graphs show that the commutative coordinates extrapolate all such quantitie...
Quantum Gravity Effects On Charged Micro Black Holes Thermodynamics
Abbasvandi, N.; Soleimani, M. J.; Radiman, Shahidan; Abdullah, W. A. T. Wan
2016-01-01
The charged black hole thermodynamics is corrected in terms of the quantum gravity effects. Most of the quantum gravity theories support the idea that near the Planck scale, the standard Heisenberg uncertainty principle should be reformulated by the so-called Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) which provides a perturbation framework to perform required modifications of the black hole quantities. In this paper, we consider the effects of the minimal length and maximal momentum as GUP type...
Einstein-Maxwell-Dilatonic phantom black holes: Thermodynamics and geometrothermodynamics
Quevedo, H.(Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, AP 70543, 04510, México, DF, Mexico); M. N. Quevedo; Sanchez, A
2016-01-01
We use the Legendre invariant formalism of geometrothermodynamics to investigate the geometric properties of the equilibrium space of a spherically symmetric phantom black hole with electric charge and dilaton. We find that at certain points of the equilibrium space, the thermodynamic curvature is characterized by the presence of singularities that are interpreted as phase transitions. We also investigate the phase transition structure by using the standard approach of black hole thermodynami...
A Liquid Model Analogue for Black Hole Thermodynamics
Hochberg, D; Hochberg, David; Pérez-Mercader, Juan
1996-01-01
We are able to characterize a 2--dimensional classical fluid sharing some of the same thermodynamic state functions as the Schwarzschild black hole. This phenomenological correspondence between black holes and fluids is established by means of the model liquid's pair-correlation function and the two-body atomic interaction potential. These latter two functions are calculated exactly in terms of the black hole internal (quasilocal) energy and the isothermal compressibility. We find the existence of a ``screening" like effect for the components of the liquid.
Black hole thermodynamics from near-horizon conformal quantum mechanics
The thermodynamics of black holes is shown to be directly induced by their near-horizon conformal invariance. This behavior is exhibited using a scalar field as a probe of the black hole gravitational background, for a general class of metrics in D spacetime dimensions (with D≥4). The ensuing analysis is based on conformal quantum mechanics, within a hierarchical near-horizon expansion. In particular, the leading conformal behavior provides the correct quantum statistical properties for the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, with the near-horizon physics governing the thermodynamics from the outset. Most importantly: (i) this treatment reveals the emergence of holographic properties; (ii) the conformal coupling parameter is shown to be related to the Hawking temperature; and (iii) Schwarzschild-like coordinates, despite their 'coordinate singularity', can be used self-consistently to describe the thermodynamics of black holes
Thermodynamics of topological nonlinear charged Lifshitz black holes
Zangeneh, M Kord; Dehghani, M H
2015-01-01
In this paper, we construct a new class of analytic topological Lifshitz black holes with constant curvature horizon in the presence of power-law Maxwell field in four and higher dimensions. We find that in order to obtain these exact Lifshitz solutions, we need a dilaton and at least three electromagnetic fields. Interestingly enough, we find that the reality of the charge of the electromagnetic field which is needed for having solutions with curved horizon rules out black holes with hyperbolic horizon. Next, we study the thermodynamics of these nonlinear charged Lifshitz black holes with spherical and flat horizons by calculating all the conserved and thermodynamic quantities of the solutions. Furthermore, we obtain a generalized Smarr formula and show that the first law of thermodynamics is satisfied. Finally, we perform a stability analysis in both canonical and grand-canonical ensembles. We find that the solutions are thermally stable in a proper ranges of the metric parameters.
Thermodynamic geometry of black holes in f(R) gravity
Soroushfar, Saheb; Kamvar, Negin
2016-01-01
In this paper, we consider three types (static, static charged and rotating charged) of black holes in f(R) gravity. We study the thermodynamical behavior, stability conditions and phase transition of these black holes. It will be shown that, the number and type of phase transition points are related to different parameters, which shows the dependency of stability conditions to these parameters. Also, we extended our study to different thermodynamic geometry methods (Ruppeiner, Weinhold and GTD). Next, we investigate the compatibility of curvature scalar of geothermodynamic methods with phase transition points of the above balck holes. In addition, we point out the effect of different values of spacetime parameters on stability conditions of mentioned black holes.
Effects of cosmic acceleration on black hole thermodynamics
Mandal, Abhijit
2016-07-01
Direct local impacts of cosmic acceleration upon a black hole are matters of interest. Babichev et. al. had published before that the Friedmann equations which are prevailing the part of fluid filled up in the universe to lead (or to be very specific, `dominate') the other constituents of universe and are forcing the universe to undergo present-day accelerating phase (or to lead to violate the strong energy condition and latter the week energy condition), will themselves tell that the rate of change of mass of the central black hole due to such exotic fluid's accretion will essentially shrink the mass of the black hole. But this is a global impact indeed. The local changes in the space time geometry next to the black hole can be analysed from a modified metric governing the surrounding space time of a black hole. A charged deSitter black hole solution encircled by quintessence field is chosen for this purpose. Different thermodynamic parameters are analysed for different values of quintessence equation of state parameter, ω_q. Specific jumps in the nature of the thermodynamic space near to the quintessence or phantom barrier are noted and physically interpreted as far as possible. Nature of phase transitions and the situations at which these transitions are taking place are also explored. It is determined that before quintessence starts to work (ω_q=-0.33>-1/3) it was preferable to have a small unstable black hole followed by a large stable one. But in quintessence (-1/3>ω_q>-1), black holes are destined to be unstable large ones pre-quelled by stable/ unstable small/ intermediate mass black holes.
Foliation and the First Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics
Azad A.Siddiqui; Syed Muhammad Jawwad Riaz; M.Akbar
2011-01-01
@@ There has been lots of interest in exploring the thermodynamic properties at the horizon of a black hole spacetime.It has been shown earlier that for different spacetimes,the Einstein field equations at the horizon can be expressed as the first law of black hole thermodynamics.Using the idea of foliation,we develop a simpler procedure toobtain such results.We consider γ = constant slices,for the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom black hole spacetimes.The Einstein field equations for the induced 3-dimensional metrics of the hypersurfaces are expressed in thermodynamic quantities under the virtual displacements of the hypersurfaces.As expected,it is found that the field equations of the induced metric corresponding to the horizon can be written as afirst law of black hole thermodynamics.It is to be mentioned here that our procedure is much easier,to obtain such results,as here one has to essentially deal with(n - 1)-dimensional induced metric for an n-dimensional spacetime.%There has been lots of interest in exploring the thermodynamic properties at the horizon ofa black hole spacetime.It has been shown earlier that for different spacetimes, the Einstein field equations at the horizon can be expressed as the first law of black hole thermodynamics. Using the idea of foliation, we develop a simpler procedure to obtain such results. We consider Υ = constant slices, for the Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom black hole spacetimes. The Einstein field equations for the induced 3-dimensionai metrics of the hypersurfaces are expressed in thermodynamic quantities under the virtual displacements of the hypersurfaces. As expected, it is found that the field equations of the induced metric corresponding to the horizon can be written as a first law of black hole thermodynamics. It is to be mentioned here that our procedure is much easier, to obtain such results, as here one has to essentially deal with (n - 1)-dimensional induced metric for an n-dimensional spacetime.
A Particle Probing Thermodynamics in Rotating AdS Black Hole
Gwak, Bogeun; Lee, Bum-Hoon
2016-07-01
We briefly review the thermodynamics of a probe particle absorption to a black hole in this proceeding. The particle energy has a relation to its momenta at the horizon of the black hole. Following this relation, the particle infinitesimally changes the black hole mass and momenta. Under these changes, the changes of properties of the black hole are consistent with the laws of thermodynamics.
Thermodynamics of large AdS black holes
We consider leading order quantum corrections to the geometry of large AdS black holes in a spherical reduction of four-dimensional Einstein gravity with negative cosmological constant. The Hawking temperature grows without bound with increasing black hole mass, yet the semiclassical back-reaction on the geometry is relatively mild, indicating that observers in free fall outside a large AdS black hole never see thermal radiation at the Hawking temperature. The positive specific heat of large AdS black holes is a statement about the dual gauge theory rather than an observable property on the gravity side. Implications for string thermodynamics with an AdS infrared regulator are briefly discussed
Horava gravity vs. thermodynamics: the black hole case
Blas, D
2011-01-01
Under broad assumptions breaking of Lorentz invariance in gravitational theories leads to tension with unitarity because it allows for processes that apparently violate the second law of thermodynamics. The crucial ingredient of this argument is the existence of black hole solutions with the interior shielded from infinity by a causal horizon. We study how the paradox can be resolved in the healthy extension of Horava gravity. To this aim we analyze classical solutions describing large black holes in this theory with the emphasis on their causal structure. The notion of causality is subtle in this theory due to the presence of instantaneous interactions. Despite this fact, we find that within exact spherical symmetry a black hole solution contains a space-time region causally disconnected from infinity by a surface of finite area -- the `universal horizon'. We then consider small perturbations of arbitrary angular dependence in the black hole background. We argue that aspherical perturbations destabilize the ...
Einstein-Maxwell-Dilatonic phantom black holes: Thermodynamics and geometrothermodynamics
Quevedo, H; Sanchez, A
2016-01-01
We use the Legendre invariant formalism of geometrothermodynamics to investigate the geometric properties of the equilibrium space of a spherically symmetric phantom black hole with electric charge and dilaton. We find that at certain points of the equilibrium space, the thermodynamic curvature is characterized by the presence of singularities that are interpreted as phase transitions. We also investigate the phase transition structure by using the standard approach of black hole thermodynamics based upon the analysis of the heat capacity and response functions. We show compatibility between the two approaches. In addition, a new type of phase transition is found which is due to the presence of phantom energy and corresponds to a transition between black hole states with different stability properties.
Thermodynamics of acoustic black holes in two dimensions
Zhang, Baocheng
2016-01-01
It is well-known that the thermal Hawking-like radiation can be emitted from the acoustic horizon, but the thermodynamic-like understanding for acoustic black holes was rarely made. In this paper, we will show that the kinematic connection can lead to the dynamic connection at the horizon between the fluid and gravitational models in two dimension, which implies that there exists the thermodynamic-like description for acoustic black holes. Then, we discuss the first law of thermodynamics for the acoustic black hole via an intriguing connection between the gravitational-like dynamics of the acoustic horizon and thermodynamics, as well-built in the gravity theory. We obtain a universal form for the entropy of acoustic black holes, which has an interpretation similar to the entropic gravity. We also discuss the specific heat, and find that the derivative of the velocity of background fluid can be regarded as a novel acoustic analogue of the two-dimensional dilaton potential, which interprets why the two-dimensio...
Thermodynamic optimization of a Penrose process: an engineers' approach to black hole thermodynamics
Bravetti, Alessandro; Lopez-Monsalvo, Cesar S
2015-01-01
In this work we present a new view on the thermodynamics of black holes introducing effects of irreversibility by employing thermodynamic optimization and finite-time thermodynamics. These questions are of importance both in physics and in engineering, combining standard thermodynamics with optimal control theory in order to find optimal protocols and bounds for realistic processes without assuming anything about the microphysics involved. We find general bounds on the maximum work and the efficiency of thermodynamic processes involving black holes that can be derived exclusively from the knowledge of thermodynamic relations at equilibrium. Since these new bounds consider the finite duration of the processes, they are more realistic and stringent than their reversible counterparts. To illustrate our arguments, we consider in detail the thermodynamic optimization of a Penrose process, i.e. the problem of finding the least dissipative process extracting all the angular momentum from a Kerr black hole in finite ...
Saida, Hiromi
2013-01-01
Comparing black hole thermodynamics with the axiomatic formulation of thermodynamics for laboratory systems, it is found that some basic assumptions (required by experimental facts) in laboratory thermodynamics do not hold for black hole thermodynamics. Hence, at present, it is not obvious whether black hole thermodynamics retains some crucial theorems of laboratory thermodynamics (e.g. Carnot's theorem, increase of entropy by arbitrary adiabatic process, and uniqueness of entropy) whose proo...
Saida, Hiromi
2013-01-01
Comparing black hole thermodynamics with the axiomatic formulation of thermodynamics for laboratory systems, it is found that some basic assumptions (required by experimental facts) in laboratory thermodynamics do not hold for black hole thermodynamics. Hence, at present, it is not obvious whether black hole thermodynamics retains some crucial theorems of laboratory thermodynamics (e.g. Carnot's theorem, increase of entropy by arbitrary adiabatic process, and uniqueness of entropy) whose proofs use the basic assumptions which do not hold for black holes. This paper aims to clarify such nontriviality in black hole thermodynamics, and propose a suitable set of basic assumptions in black hole thermodynamics, which are regarded as the rigorous foundation of black hole thermodynamics as phenomenology.
Quantum Thermodynamics of Black Hole Horizons
Moretti, V
2005-01-01
Exploiting results recently proved in a technical paper (and some of them are reviewed herein in the language of theoretical physicists) we focus on quantization of the metric of a black hole restricted to the Killing horizon with universal radius r_0. The metric is represented in a suitable manner after imposing spherical symmetry and, after restriction to the Killing horizon, it is quantized employing chiral currents. Two ''components of the metric'' are in fact quantized: one behaves as an affine scalar fields under changes of coordinates and the other is a proper scalar field. The symplectic group acts on both fields as subgroup of diffeomorphisms of the horizon and this action, in some cases depending on the choice of the vacuum state, can be implemented by means of a unitary group. If the reference state of the scalar field is not a vacuum state but a coherent state, spontaneous breaking of conformal symmetry arises and the state contains a Bose-Einstein condensate. In this case the order parameter fixe...
Thermodynamic instability of nonlinearly charged black holes in gravity's rainbow
Hendi, S. H.; Panahiyan, S.; Panah, B. Eslam; Momennia, M.
2016-03-01
Motivated by the violation of Lorentz invariance in quantum gravity, we study black hole solutions in gravity's rainbow in the context of Einstein gravity coupled with various models of nonlinear electrodynamics. We regard an energy dependent spacetime and obtain the related metric functions and electric fields. We show that there is an essential singularity at the origin which is covered by an event horizon. We also compute the conserved and thermodynamical quantities and examine the validity of the first law of thermodynamics in the presence of rainbow functions. Finally, we investigate the thermal stability conditions for these black hole solutions in the context of canonical ensemble. We show that the thermodynamical structure of the solutions depends on the choices of nonlinearity parameters, charge, and energy functions.
Thermodynamics of Black Holes and the Symmetric Generalized Uncertainty Principle
Dutta, Abhijit; Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2016-06-01
In this paper, we have investigated the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordström black holes using the symmetric generalised uncertainty principle which contains correction terms involving momentum and position uncertainty. The mass-temperature relationship and the heat capacity for these black holes have been computed using which the critical and remnant masses have been obtained. The entropy is found to satisfy the area law upto leading order logarithmic corrections and corrections of the form A 2 (which is a new finding in this paper) from the symmetric generalised uncertainty principle.
Constraints on rainbow gravity functions from black hole thermodynamics
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2016-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the thermodynamic properties of black holes in the framework of rainbow gravity. By considering rainbow functions in the metric of Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black holes, remnant and critical masses are found to exist. Demanding the universality of logarithmic corrections to the semi-classical area law for the entropy leads to constraining the form of the rainbow functions. The mass output and the radiation rate for these constrained form of rainbow functions have been computed for different values of the rainbow parameter $\\eta$ and have striking similarity to those derived from the generalized uncertainty principle.
Thermodynamic Product Relations for Generalized Regular Black Hole
Pradhan, Parthapratim
2016-01-01
We derive thermodynamic product relations for four-parametric regular black hole(BH) solutions of the Einstein equations coupled with a non-linear electrodynamics source. The four parameters can be described by the mass ($m$), charge ($q$), dipole moment ($\\alpha$) and quadrupole moment ($\\beta$) respectively. We study its complete thermodynamics. We compute different thermodynamic products i.e. area product, BH temperature product, specific heat product and Komar energy product respectively. Furthermore, we show that some complicated function of horizon areas that is indeed \\emph{mass-independent} and could turn out to be \\emph{universal}.
Thermodynamic optimization of a Penrose process: An engineers' approach to black hole thermodynamics
Bravetti, A.; Gruber, C.; Lopez-Monsalvo, C. S.
2016-03-01
In this work we present a new view on the thermodynamics of black holes introducing effects of irreversibility by employing thermodynamic optimization and finite-time thermodynamics. These questions are of importance both in physics and in engineering, combining standard thermodynamics with optimal control theory in order to find optimal protocols and bounds for realistic processes without assuming anything about the microphysics involved. We work out the details of the thermodynamic optimization of a Penrose process, i.e. the problem of finding the maximum work that can be extracted from a Kerr black hole in finite time. This problem has already been addressed in the case of an isolated black hole. Here we consider the case of a black hole immersed in a reservoir and show that the presence of the reservoir can dramatically improve the work output. We discuss the relevance of our results for real astrophysical phenomena, for the comparison with laboratory black holes analogues and for other theoretical aspects of black hole thermodynamics.
Thermodynamics of a Bardeen black hole in noncommutative space
Sharif, M
2011-01-01
In this paper, we examine the effects of space noncommutativity on the thermodynamics of a Bardeen charged regular black hole. For a suitable choice of sets of parameters, the behavior of the singularity, horizon, mass function, black hole mass, temperature, entropy and its differential, area and energy distribution of the Bardeen solution have been discussed graphically for both noncommutative and commutative spaces. Graphs show that the commutative coordinates extrapolate all such quantities (except temperature) for a given set of parameters. It is interesting to mention here that these sets of parameters provide the singularity (essential for $r_h>0$) and horizon ($f(r_h)=0$ for $r_h>0$) for the black hole solution in noncommutative space, while for commutative space no such quantity exists.
Thermodynamics of a Bardeen black hole in noncommutative space
Sharif, M.; Javed, Wajiha
2011-10-01
In this paper, we examine the effects of space noncommutativity on the thermodynamics of a Bardeen charged regular black hole. For a suitable choice of sets of parameters, the behavior of the singularity, horizon, mass function, black hole mass, temperature, entropy and its differential, area and energy distribution of the Bardeen solution have been discussed graphically for both noncommutative and commutative spaces. Graphs show that the commutative coordinates extrapolate all such quantities (except temperature) for a given set of parameters. It is interesting to mention here that these sets of parameters provide the singularity (essential for $r_h>0$) and horizon ($f(r_h)=0$ for $r_h>0$) for the black hole solution in noncommutative space, while for commutative space no such quantity exists.
Black hole thermodynamics from a variational principle: asymptotically conical backgrounds
An, Ok Song; Cvetič, Mirjam; Papadimitriou, Ioannis
2016-03-01
The variational problem of gravity theories is directly related to black hole thermodynamics. For asymptotically locally AdS backgrounds it is known that holographic renormalization results in a variational principle in terms of equivalence classes of boundary data under the local asymptotic symmetries of the theory, which automatically leads to finite conserved charges satisfying the first law of thermodynamics. We show that this connection holds well beyond asymptotically AdS black holes. In particular, we formulate the variational problem for {N}=2 STU supergravity in four dimensions with boundary conditions corresponding to those obeyed by the so called `subtracted geometries'. We show that such boundary conditions can be imposed covariantly in terms of a set of asymptotic second class constraints, and we derive the appropriate boundary terms that render the variational problem well posed in two different duality frames of the STU model. This allows us to define finite conserved charges associated with any asymptotic Killing vector and to demonstrate that these charges satisfy the Smarr formula and the first law of thermodynamics. Moreover, by uplifting the theory to five dimensions and then reducing on a 2-sphere, we provide a precise map between the thermodynamic observables of the subtracted geometries and those of the BTZ black hole. Surface terms play a crucial role in this identification.
Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m Black Hole Thermodynamics in Noncommutative Spaces
Nozari, Kourosh; Fazlpour, Behnaz
2006-01-01
This paper considers the effects of space noncommutativity on the thermodynamics of a Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black hole. In the first step, we extend the ordinary formalism of Bekenstein-Hawking to the case of charged black holes in commutative space. In the second step we investigate the effects of space noncommutativity and the generalized uncertainty principle on the thermodynamics of charged black holes. Finally we compare thermodynamics of charged black holes in commutative space with th...
Black Hole Thermodynamic Products in Einstein Gauss Bonnet Gravity
Biswas, Ritabrata
2016-07-01
By now, there are many hints from string theory that collective excitations of solitonic objects can be described by effective low energy theories. The entropy of general rotating black holes in five dimensions may be interpreted as an indication that, it derives from two independent microscopic contributions and each of these may be attributed to a gas of strings. In the present work, we consider a charged black hole in five dimensional Einstein Gauss Bonnet gravity. In spite of presenting the thermodynamic quantities' product as summation/ subtraction of two independent integers, our motive is to check whether the product of the same quantity for event horizon and Cauchy horizon is free of mass, i.e., global, or not. We derive the thermodynamic products of characteristic parameters to mark which are global. We further interpret the stability of the black holes by computing the specific heat for both horizons. Stable and unstable phases of horizons are pointed out. The phase transitions with respect to the charge in nature of specific heat are also observed. All these calculation might be helpful to understand the microscopic nature of such black holes.
Hairy Black Holes in Massive Gravity: Thermodynamics and Phase Structure
Capela, Fabio
2012-01-01
The thermodynamic properties of a static and spherically-symmetric hairy black hole of massive gravity are investigated. The analysis is carried out by enclosing the black hole in a spherical cavity whose surface is maintained at a fixed temperature $T$. It turns out that the ensemble is well-defined only if the "hair" parameter $Q$ characterizing the solution is conserved. Under this condition we compute some relevant thermodynamic quantities, such as thermal energy and entropy, and we study stability and phase structure of the ensemble. In particular, for negative values of the hair parameter, the phase structure is isomorphic to the one of Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in the canonical ensemble. Moreover, the phase-diagram in the plan ($Q,T$) has a line of first-order phase transition that at a critical value of $Q$ terminates in a second-order phase transition. Below this line the dominant phase consists of small, cold black holes that are long-lived and may thus contribute much more to the energy densit...
Black hole thermodynamics from a variational principle: Asymptotically conical backgrounds
An, Ok Song; Papadimitriou, Ioannis
2016-01-01
The variational problem of gravity theories is directly related to black hole thermodynamics. For asymptotically locally AdS backgrounds it is known that holographic renormalization results in a variational principle in terms of equivalence classes of boundary data under the local asymptotic symmetries of the theory, which automatically leads to finite conserved charges satisfying the first law of thermodynamics. We show that this connection holds well beyond asymptotically AdS black holes. In particular, we formulate the variational problem for $\\mathcal{N}=2$ STU supergravity in four dimensions with boundary conditions corresponding to those obeyed by the so called `subtracted geometries'. We show that such boundary conditions can be imposed covariantly in terms of a set of asymptotic second class constraints, and we derive the appropriate boundary terms that render the variational problem well posed in two different duality frames of the STU model. This allows us to define finite conserved charges associat...
Subleading terms of thermodynamic quantities around static spherical black holes
Li Gu-Qiang
2009-01-01
The thermodynamic quantities for the gases of massless particles with spin s = 1/2, 1, 3/2, 2 around static spherical black holes are investigated by using the brick-wall method. The appearance of the spin-dependent subleading terms is demonstrated and the terms are shown to contain not only the linear and quadratic terms of the spins but also a zero-power term of the spins.
Geometric approaches to the thermodynamics of black holes
Gruber, Christine; Quevedo, Hernando
2016-01-01
In this summary, we present the main topics of the talks presented in the parallel session "Black holes - 5" of the 14th Marcel Grossmann Meeting held in Rome, Italy in July 2015. We first present a short review of the main approaches used to understand thermodynamics by using differential geometry. Then, we present a brief summary of each presentation, including some general remarks and comments.
Thermodynamics of topological black holes in $R^{2}$ gravity
Cognola, Guido; Vanzo, Luciano; Zerbini, Sergio
2015-01-01
We study topological black hole solutions of the simplest quadratic gravity action and we find that two classes are allowed. The first is asymptotically flat and mimics the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om solution, while the second is asymptotically de Sitter or anti-de Sitter. In both classes, the geometry of the horizon can be spherical, toroidal or hyperbolic. We focus in particular on the thermodynamical properties of the asymptotically anti-de Sitter solutions and we compute the entropy and the internal energy with Euclidean methods. We find that the entropy is positive-definite for all horizon geometries and this allows to formulate a consistent generalized first law of black hole thermodynamics, which keeps in account the presence of two arbitrary parameters in the solution. The two-dimensional thermodynamical state space is fully characterized by the underlying scale invariance of the action and it has the structure of a projective space. We find a kind of duality between black holes and other objects with the s...
Thermodynamics of topological nonlinear charged Lifshitz black holes
Zangeneh, M. Kord; Sheykhi, A.; Dehghani, M. H.
2015-07-01
In this paper, we construct a new class of analytic topological Lifshitz black holes with constant curvature horizon in the presence of a power-law Maxwell field in four or more dimensions. We find that in order to obtain these exact Lifshitz solutions, we need a dilaton and at least three electromagnetic fields. Interestingly enough, we find that the reality of the charge of the electromagnetic field which is needed for having solutions with a curved horizon rules out black holes with a hyperbolic horizon. Next, we study the thermodynamics of these nonlinear charged Lifshitz black holes with spherical and flat horizons by calculating all of the conserved and thermodynamic quantities of the solutions. Furthermore, we obtain a generalized Smarr formula and show that the first law of thermodynamics is satisfied. We also perform a stability analysis in both canonical and grand-canonical ensembles. We find that the solutions are thermally stable in proper ranges of the metric parameters. Finally, we comment on the dynamical stability of the obtained solutions under perturbations in four dimensions.
Lorentz violation and black-hole thermodynamics
We consider nonstandard photons from nonbirefringent modified Maxwell theory and discuss their propagation in a fixed Schwarzschild spacetime background. This particular modification of Maxwell theory is Lorentz-violating and allows for maximal photon velocities differing from the causal speed c of the asymptotic background spacetime. In the limit of geometrical optics, light rays from modified Maxwell theory are found to propagate along null geodesics in an effective metric. We observe that not every Lorentz-violating theory with multiple maximal velocities different from the causal speed c modifies the notion of the event horizon, contrary to naive expectations. This result implies that not every Lorentz-violating theory with multiple maximal velocities necessarily leads to a contradiction with the generalized second law of thermodynamics.
Thermodynamics of Third Order Lovelock Anti-de Sitter Black Holes Revisited
ZOU De-Cheng; YUE Rui-Hong; YANG Zhan-Ying
2011-01-01
We compute the mass and temperature of third order Lovelock black holes with negative Gauss-Bonnet coefficient α2 ＜ 0 in anti-de Sitter space and perform the stability analysis of topological black holes. When k = -1,the third order Lovelock black holes are thermodynamically stable for the whole range r+. When k = 1, we found that the black hole has an intermediate unstable phase for D = 7. In eight dimensional spacetimes, however, a new phase of thermodynamically unstable small black holes appears if the coefficient (α) is under a critical value. For D ＞ 9, black holes have similar the distributions of thermodynamically stable regions to the case where the coefficient α is under a critical value for D = 8. It is worth to mention that all the thermodynamic and conserved quantities of the black holes with flat horizon do not depend on the Lovelock coefficients and are the same as those of black holes in general gravity.
Thermodynamic and classical instability of AdS black holes in fourth-order gravity
We study thermodynamic and classical instability of AdS black holes in fourth-order gravity. These include the BTZ black hole in new massive gravity, Schwarzschild-AdS black hole, and higher-dimensional AdS black holes in fourth-order gravity. All thermodynamic quantities which are computed using the Abbot-Deser-Tekin method are used to study thermodynamic instability of AdS black holes. On the other hand, we investigate the s-mode Gregory-Laflamme instability of the massive graviton propagating around the AdS black holes. We establish the connection between the thermodynamic instability and the GL instability of AdS black holes in fourth-order gravity. This shows that the Gubser-Mitra conjecture holds for AdS black holes found from fourth-order gravity
Black hole thermodynamics, conformal couplings, and R 2 terms
Chernicoff, Mariano; Galante, Mario; Giribet, Gaston; Goya, Andres; Leoni, Matias; Oliva, Julio; Perez-Nadal, Guillem
2016-06-01
Lovelock theory provides a tractable model of higher-curvature gravity in which several questions can be studied analytically. This is the reason why, in the last years, this theory has become the favorite arena to study the effects of higher-curvature terms in the context of AdS/CFT correspondence. Lovelock theory also admits extensions that permit to accommodate matter coupled to gravity in a non-minimal way. In this setup, problems such as the backreaction of matter on the black hole geometry can also be solved exactly. In this paper, we study the thermodynamics of black holes in theories of gravity of this type, which include both higher-curvature terms, U(1) gauge fields, and conformal couplings with matter fields in D dimensions. These charged black hole solutions exhibit a backreacting scalar field configuration that is regular everywhere outside and on the horizon, and may exist both in asymptotically flat and asymptotically Anti-de Sitter (AdS) spaces. We work out explicitly the boundary action for this theory, which renders the variational problem well-posed and suffices to regularize the Euclidean action in AdS. We also discuss several interrelated properties of the theory, such as its duality symmetry under field redefinition and how it acts on black holes and gravitational wave solutions.
Black Hole Thermodynamics from the point of view of Superstring Theory
Akhmedov, E. T.
1997-01-01
In this review we try to give a pedagogical introduction to the recent progress in the resolution of old problems of black hole thermodynamics within superstring theory. We start with a brief description of classical black hole dynamics. Then, follow with the consideration of general properties of supersymmetric black holes. We conclude with the review of the statistical explanation of the black hole entropy and string theory description of the black hole evaporation.
Thermodynamics and quasinormal modes of Park black hole in Horava gravity
Suresh, Jishnu; Kuriakose, V.C. [Cochin University of Science and Technology, Department of Physics, Cochin, Kerala (India)
2013-10-15
We study the quasinormal modes of the massless scalar field of Park black hole in the Horava gravity using the third-order WKB approximation method and find that the black hole is stable against these perturbations. We compare and discuss the results with that of Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole. Thermodynamic properties of Park black hole are investigated and the thermodynamic behavior of upper mass bound is also studied. (orig.)
Liang, Jun; Liu, Yan-Chun; Zhu, Qiao
2014-02-01
In order to further explore the effects of non-Gaussian smeared mass distribution on the thermodynamical properties of noncommutative black holes, we consider noncommutative black holes based on Maxwell-Boltzmann smeared mass distribution in (2+1)-dimensional spacetime. The thermodynamical properties of the black holes are investigated, including Hawking temperature, heat capacity, entropy and free energy. We find that multiple black holes with the same temperature do not exist, while there exists a possible decay of the noncommutative black hole based on Maxwell-Boltzmann smeared mass distribution into the rotating (commutative) BTZ black hole.
In order to further explore the effects of non-Gaussian smeared mass distribution on the thermodynamical properties of noncommutative black holes, we consider noncommutative black holes based on Maxwell-Boltzmann smeared mass distribution in (2+1)-dimensional spacetime. The thermodynamical properties of the black holes are investigated, including Hawking temperature, heat capacity, entropy and free energy. We find that multiple black holes with the same temperature do not exist, while there exists a possible decay of the noncommutative black hole based on Maxwell-Boltzmann smeared mass distribution into the rotating (commutative) BTZ black hole. (authors)
Thermodynamics of three-dimensional black holes via charged particle absorption
Bogeun Gwak; Bum-Hoon Lee
2016-01-01
We have shown that changes occur in a (2+1)-dimensional charged black hole by adding a charged probe. The particle increases the entropy of the black hole and guarantees the second law of thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics is derived from the change in the black hole mass. Using the particle absorption, we test the extremal black hole and find out that the mass of the extremal black hole increases more than the electric charge. Therefore, the outer horizon of the black hole still...
Thermodynamics of three-dimensional black holes via charged particle absorption
Gwak, Bogeun; Lee, Bum-Hoon
2016-04-01
We have shown that changes occur in a (2 + 1)-dimensional charged black hole by adding a charged probe. The particle increases the entropy of the black hole and guarantees the second law of thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics is derived from the change in the black hole mass. Using the particle absorption, we test the extremal black hole and find out that the mass of the extremal black hole increases more than the electric charge. Therefore, the outer horizon of the black hole still exists. However, the extremal condition becomes non-extremal.
Thermodynamics of Three-dimensional Black Holes via Charged Particle Absorption
Gwak, Bogeun
2015-01-01
We have shown that changes occur in a (2+1)-dimensional charged black hole by adding a charged probe. The particle increases the entropy of the black hole and guarantees the second law of thermodynamics. The first law of thermodynamics is derived from the change in the black hole mass. Using the particle absorption, we test the extremal black hole and find out that the mass of the extremal black hole increases more than the electric charge. Therefore, the outer horizon of the black hole still exists. However, the extremal condition becomes non-extremal.
Thermodynamic instability of topological black holes with nonlinear source
In this paper, we obtain higher dimensional topological black hole solutions of Einstein-Λ gravity in the presence of a class of nonlinear electrodynamics. First, we calculate the conserved and thermodynamic quantities of (n + 1)-dimensional asymptotically flat solutions and show that they satisfy the first law of thermodynamics. Also, we investigate the stability of these solutions in the (grand) canonical ensemble. Second, we endow a global rotation to the static Ricci-flat solutions and calculate the conserved quantities of solutions by using the counterterm method. We obtain a Smarr-type formula for the mass as a function of the entropy, the angular momenta and the electric charge, and show that these quantities satisfy the first law of thermodynamics. Then, we perform a stability analysis of the rotating solutions both in the canonical and the grand canonical ensembles. (orig.)
Thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild and the Reissner–Nordström black holes with quintessence
K. Ghaderi
2016-02-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild and the Reissner–Nordström black holes surrounded by quintessence. By using the thermodynamical laws of the black holes, we derive the thermodynamic properties of these black holes and we compare the results with each other. We investigate the mass, temperature and heat capacity as functions of entropy for these black holes. We also discuss the equation of state of the Schwarzschild and the Reissner–Nordström black holes surrounded by quintessence.
Thermodynamics of Phantom Energy Accreting onto a Black Hole in Einstein-Power-Maxwell Gravity
Abbas, G.
2013-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the phantom energy accretion onto 3D black hole formulated in Einstein-Power-Maxwell theory. We have presented the conditions for critical accretion of phantom energy onto black hole. Further, we discuss the thermodynamics of phantom energy accreting onto black hole and found that first law of thermodynamics is easily satisfied while second law and generalized second law of thermodynamics remain invalid and conditionally valid, respectively. The results for BTZ b...
Saleh, Mahamat; Thomas, Bouetou Bouetou; Crepin, Kofane Timoleon
2016-01-01
We investigate thermodynamics and Phase transition of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole surrounded by quintessence. Using thermodynamical laws of black holes, we derive the expressions of some thermodynamics quantities for the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole surrounded by quintessence. The variations of the temperature and heat capacity with the entropy were plotted for different values of the state parameter related to the quintessence, $\\omega_{q}$, and the normalization constant related ...
Semiclassical Loop Quantum Gravity and Black Hole Thermodynamics
Arundhati Dasgupta
2013-02-01
Full Text Available In this article we explore the origin of black hole thermodynamics using semiclassical states in loop quantum gravity. We re-examine the case of entropy using a density matrix for a coherent state and describe correlations across the horizon due to SU(2 intertwiners. We further show that Hawking radiation is a consequence of a non-Hermitian term in the evolution operator, which is necessary for entropy production or depletion at the horizon. This non-unitary evolution is also rooted in formulations of irreversible physics.
Statistical mechanics of D0-branes and black hole thermodynamics
We consider a system of D0-branes in toroidally compactified space with interactions described by a Born-Infeld-type generalisation of the leading v2+v4/r{D-4} terms (D is the number of non-compact directions in M-theory, including the longitudinal one). This non-linear action can be interpreted as an all-loop large N super Yang-Mills effective action and has a remarkable scaling property. We first study the classical dynamics of a brane probe in the field of a central brane source and observe the interesting difference between the D=5 and D>5 cases: for D>5 the center acts as a completely absorbing black hole of effective size proportional to a power of the probe energy, while for D=5 there is no absorption for any impact parameter. A similar dependence on D is found in the behaviour of the Boltzmann partition function Z of an ensemble of D0-branes. For D=5 (i.e. for compactification on 6-torus) Z is convergent at short distances and is analogous to the ideal gas one. For D>5 the system has short-distance instability. For sufficiently low temperature Z is shown to describe the thermodynamics of a Schwarzschild black hole in D>5 dimensions, supporting recent discussions of black holes in Matrix theory. (author)
Black hole thermodynamics, conformal couplings, and R^2 terms
Chernicoff, Mariano; Giribet, Gaston; Goya, Andres; Leoni, Matias; Oliva, Julio; Perez-Nadal, Guillem
2016-01-01
Lovelock theory provides a tractable model of higher-curvature gravity in which several questions can be studied analytically. This is the reason why, in the last years, this theory has become the favorite arena to study the effects of higher-curvature terms in the context of AdS/CFT correspondence. Lovelock theory also admits extensions that permit to accommodate matter coupled to gravity in a non-minimal way. In this setup, problems such as the backreaction of matter on the black hole geometry can also be solved exactly. In this paper, we study the thermodynamics of black holes in theories of gravity of this type, which include both higher-curvature terms, U(1) gauge fields, and conformal couplings with matter fields in D dimensions. These charged black hole solutions exhibit a backreacting scalar field configuration that is regular everywhere outside and on the horizon, and may exist both in asymptotically flat and asymptotically Anti-de Sitter (AdS) spaces. We work out explicitly the boundary action for t...
Phase transition and thermodynamic geometry of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton black holes
Hendi, S H; Panahiyan, S; Panah, B Eslam
2015-01-01
In this paper, we consider a linearly charged dilatonic black holes and study their thermodynamical behavior in the context of phase transition and thermodynamic geometry. We show that, depending on the values of the parameters, these type of black holes may enjoy two types of phase transition. We also find that there are three critical behaviors near the critical points for these black holes; nonphysical unstable to physical stable, large to small, and small to large black holes phase transition. Next, we employ a thermodynamical metric for studying thermodynamical geometry of these black holes. We show that the characteristic behavioral of Ricci scalar of this metric enables one to recognize the type of phase transition and critical behavior of the black holes near phase transition points. Finally, we will extend thermodynamical space by considering dilaton parameter as extensive parameter. We will show that by this consideration, Weinhold, Ruppeiner and Quevedo metrics provide extra divergencies which are ...
Liang, Jun; Liu, Bo
2012-11-01
A noncommutative BTZ black hole is constructed in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. In this black-hole model, the noncommutative smearing is obtained by replacing the point-like source term with a Lorentzian distribution. We mainly investigate the thermodynamical properties of this black hole, including Hawking temperature, entropy, heat capacity and free energy.
Thermodynamics of Magnetised Kerr-Newman Black Holes
Gibbons, G W; Pope, C N
2013-01-01
The thermodynamics of a magnetised Kerr-Newman black hole is studied to all orders in the appended magnetic field $B$. The asymptotic properties of the metric and other fields are dominated by the magnetic flux that extends to infinity along the axis, leading to subtleties in the calculation of conserved quantities such as the angular momentum and the mass. We present a detailed discussion of the implementation of a Wald-type procedure to calculate the angular momentum, showing how ambiguities that are absent in the usual asymptotically-flat case may be resolved by the requirement of gauge invariance. We also present a formalism from which we are able to obtain an expression for the mass of the magnetised black holes. The expressions for the mass and the angular momentum are shown to be compatible with the first law of thermodynamics and a Smarr type relation. Allowing the appended magnetic field $B$ to vary results in an extra term in the first law of the form $-\\mu dB$ where $\\mu$ is interpreted as an induc...
Thermodynamics of Horndeski black holes with non-minimal derivative coupling
Miao, Yan-Gang
2016-01-01
We explore thermodynamic properties of a new class of Horndeski black holes whose action contains a non-minimal kinetic coupling of a massless real scalar and the Einstein tensor. Our treatment is based on the well-accepted consideration, where the cosmological constant is dealt with as thermodynamic pressure and the mass of black holes as thermodynamic enthalpy. We resort to a newly introduced intensive thermodynamic variable, i.e., the coupling strength of the scalar and tensor whose dimension is length square, and thus yield both the generalized first law of thermodynamics and the generalized Smarr relation. Our result indicates that this class of Horndeski black holes presents rich thermodynamic behaviors and critical phenomena. Especially in the case of the presence of an electric field, these black holes undergo two phase transitions. Once the charge parameter exceeds its critical value, or the cosmological parameter does not exceed its critical value, no phase transitions happen and the black holes are...
Sheykhi, A.; Hajkhalili, S.
2015-11-01
We study topological dilaton black holes of Einstein gravity in the presence of exponential nonlinear electrodynamics. The event horizons of these black holes can be a two-dimensional positive, zero or negative constant curvature surface. We analyze thermodynamics of these solutions by calculating all conserved and thermodynamic quantities and showing that the first law holds on the black hole horizon. Then, we perform the stability analysis in both canonical and grand canonical ensemble and disclose the effects of the dilaton and nonlinear electrodynamics on the thermal stability of the solutions. Finally, we study the phase transition points of these black holes in the thermodynamic geometry approach.
(Anti-)de Sitter Black Hole Thermodynamics and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle
Bolen, Brett; Cavaglia, Marco
2004-01-01
We extend the derivation of the Hawking temperature of a Schwarzschild black hole via the Heisenberg uncertainty principle to the de Sitter and anti-de Sitter spacetimes. The thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild-(anti-)de Sitter black holes is obtained from the generalized uncertainty principle of string theory and non-commutative geometry. This may explain why the thermodynamics of (anti-)de Sitter-like black holes admits a holographic description in terms of a dual quantum conformal field th...
Thermodynamic Curvature and Phase Transitions from Black Hole with a Coulomb-Like Field
HAN Yi-Wen; BAO Zhi-Qing; HONG Yun
2011-01-01
In this paper, we first investigate the thermodynamic features of the black hole with a coulomb-like field.Moreover, we obtain the geometric description of the black hole thermodynamics.We find that for the black hole with a coulomb-like field the Weinhold geometry is flat, whereas its Ruppeiner geometry is curved.For the heat capacity and curvature calculation shows the Ruppeiner geometry has a transition point.
Thermodynamics of a charged hairy black hole in (2+1) dimensions
Sadeghi, J.; H. Farahani
2013-01-01
In this paper we study thermodynamics, statistics and spectroscopic aspects of a charged black hole with a scalar hair coupled to the gravity in (2+1) dimensions. We obtained effects of the black hole charge and scalar field on the thermodynamical and statistical quantities. We find that scalar charge may increase entropy, temperature and probability, while may decrease black hole mass, free and internal energy. Also electric charge increases probability and decreases temperature and internal...
Classical and thermodynamical aspects of black holes with conformally coupled scalar field hair
Winstanley, Elizabeth(Consortium for Fundamental Physics, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield, S3 7RH, United Kingdom)
2004-01-01
We discuss the existence, stability and classical thermodynamics of four-dimensional, spherically symmetric black hole solutions of the Einstein equations with a conformally coupled scalar field. We review the solutions existing in the literature with zero, positive and negative cosmological constant. We also outline new results on the thermodynamics of these black holes when the cosmological constant is non-zero.
Thermodynamical quantities around a RNAdS black hole
Mi Li-Qin; Li Zhong-Heng
2006-01-01
The entropy density, energy density, pressure and equation of state around the RNAdS black hole are calculated in the WKB approximation on the Teukolsky-type master equation. The appearance of spin-dependent terms is demonstrated. The existence of these terms shows that the black hole radiation is not exactly thermal radiation and the black hole entropy is not strictly proportional to the area of the event horizon.
Hamiltonian thermodynamics of 2D vacuum dilatonic black holes
Bose, S; Parker, L; Peleg, Y; Bose, Sukanta; Louko, Jorma; Parker, Leonard; Peleg, Yoav
1996-01-01
We consider the Hamiltonian dynamics and thermodynamics of the two-dimensional vacuum dilatonic black hole in the presence of a timelike boundary with a fixed value of the dilaton field. A canonical transformation, previously developed by Varadarajan and Lau, allows a reduction of the classical dynamics into an unconstrained Hamiltonian system with one canonical pair of degrees of freedom. The reduced theory is quantized, and a partition function of a canonical ensemble is obtained as the trace of the analytically continued time evolution operator. The partition function exists for any values of the dilaton field and the temperature at the boundary, and the heat capacity is always positive. For temperatures higher than \\beta_c^{-1} = \\hbar\\lambda/(2\\pi), the partition function is dominated by a classical black hole solution, and the dominant contribution to the entropy is the two-dimensional Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. For temperatures lower than \\beta_c^{-1}, the partition function remains well-behaved and t...
Lorentz violation and black-hole thermodynamics: Compton scattering process
A Lorentz-noninvariant modification of quantum electrodynamics (QED) is considered, which has photons described by the nonbirefringent sector of modified Maxwell theory and electrons described by the standard Dirac theory. These photons and electrons are taken to propagate and interact in a Schwarzschild spacetime background. For appropriate Lorentz-violating parameters, the photons have an effective horizon lying outside the Schwarzschild horizon. A particular type of Compton scattering event, taking place between these two horizons (in the photonic ergoregion) and ultimately decreasing the mass of the black hole, is found to have a nonzero probability. These events perhaps allow for a violation of the generalized second law of thermodynamics in the Lorentz-noninvariant theory considered.
Saleh, Mahamat; Crepin, Kofane Timoleon
2016-01-01
We investigate thermodynamics and Phase transition of the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole surrounded by quintessence. Using thermodynamical laws of black holes, we derive the expressions of some thermodynamics quantities for the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black hole surrounded by quintessence. The variations of the temperature and heat capacity with the entropy were plotted for different values of the state parameter related to the quintessence, $\\omega_{q}$, and the normalization constant related to the density of quintessence $c$. We show that when varying the entropy of the black hole a phase transition is observed in the black hole. Moreover, when increasing the density of quintessence, the transition point is shifted to lower entropy and the temperature of the black hole decreases.
Thermodynamics and phase transition of black hole in an asymptotically safe gravity
We study the effects of quantum gravitational correction on the thermodynamics of black holes in the asymptotic safety scenario. Owing to the quantum-corrected Schwarzschild metric, the thermodynamic quantities are also corrected and a Hawking–Page-type phase transition may exist. We also employ the concept of thermodynamic geometry to the black hole to characterize the phase transition. By introducing a cavity enclosing the black hole, we apply the spatially finite boundary conditions to further investigate the thermodynamic phase transition of the black hole. It is shown that the larger and small black holes are both locally stable according to heat capacity. According to free energy, we find that the quantum-corrected black hole has similar thermodynamic phase structure to that of RN–AdS black hole. In addition, we also discuss the possibility of the phase transition between the black hole and the hot curved space. Above a certain temperature T0, the black hole is more probable than the hot space
Thermodynamics of the Schwarzschild Black Hole in Noncommutative Space
In this paper we study noncommutative black holes. In particular, we use a deform Schwarzschild solution in noncommutative gauge theory of gravity. By means of euclidean quantum gravity we obtain the entropy, temperatute and the time of evaporation of the noncommutative black hole.
Thermodynamic Properties of Higher-Dimensional RN Black Holes
WEI Yi-Huan
2009-01-01
A general calculation formula of the heat capacity for the HRN black holes is derived.The heat capacities for Q,Φ_+ and τ_- fixed are obtained. Assuming that the charge-mass ratio of fluctuation modes does not exceed the extremal value, the minimum charge-mass ratio of the black holes for which the heat capacity is positive is determined.
Generalized thermodynamic identity and new Maxwell's law for charged AdS black hole
Zhao, Zixu
2016-01-01
We study the thermodynamic properties of the RN-AdS black hole in full phase space and propose a generalized thermodynamic identity. As an example, we use it to find relations of thermodynamical coefficients between the grand canonical and canonical ensembles. We also show, for the first order phase transition, that the usual Maxwell's equal area law should be extended to a new form for the RN-AdS black hole.
On thermodynamics of AdS black holes in M-theory
Belhaj, A. [Universite Sultan Moulay Slimane, Departement de Physique, LIRST, Faculte Polydisciplinaire, Beni Mellal (Morocco); Cadi Ayyad University, High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory, FSSM, Marrakesh (Morocco); Chabab, M.; Masmar, K. [Cadi Ayyad University, High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory, FSSM, Marrakesh (Morocco); El Moumni, H. [Cadi Ayyad University, High Energy Physics and Astrophysics Laboratory, FSSM, Marrakesh (Morocco); Universite Ibn Zohr, Departement de Physique, Faculte des Sciences, Agadir (Morocco); Sedra, M.B. [Universite Ibn Tofail, Departement de Physique, LASIMO, Faculte des Sciences, Kenitra (Morocco)
2016-02-15
Motivated by recent work on asymptotically AdS{sub 4} black holes in M-theory, we investigate the thermodynamics and thermodynamical geometry of AdS black holes from M2- and M5-branes. Concretely, we consider AdS black holes in AdS{sub p+2} x S{sup 11-p-2}, where p = 2,5 by interpreting the number of M2- (and M5-branes) as a thermodynamical variable. More precisely, we study the corresponding phase transition to examine their stabilities by calculating and discussing various thermodynamical quantities including the chemical potential. Then we compute the thermodynamical curvatures from the Quevedo metric for M2- and M5-branes geometries to reconsider the stability of such black holes. The Quevedo metric singularities recover similar stability results provided by the phase-transition program. It has been shown that similar behaviors are also present in the limit of large N. (orig.)
On thermodynamics of AdS black holes in M-theory
Motivated by recent work on asymptotically AdS4 black holes in M-theory, we investigate the thermodynamics and thermodynamical geometry of AdS black holes from M2- and M5-branes. Concretely, we consider AdS black holes in AdSp+2 x S11-p-2, where p = 2,5 by interpreting the number of M2- (and M5-branes) as a thermodynamical variable. More precisely, we study the corresponding phase transition to examine their stabilities by calculating and discussing various thermodynamical quantities including the chemical potential. Then we compute the thermodynamical curvatures from the Quevedo metric for M2- and M5-branes geometries to reconsider the stability of such black holes. The Quevedo metric singularities recover similar stability results provided by the phase-transition program. It has been shown that similar behaviors are also present in the limit of large N. (orig.)
Thermodynamic stability of modified Schwarzschild-AdS black hole in rainbow gravity
Kim, Yong-Wan; Park, Young-Jai
2016-01-01
In this paper, we have extended the previous study of the thermodynamics and phase transition of the Schwarzschild black hole in the rainbow gravity to the Schwarzschild-AdS black hole where metric depends on the energy of a probe. Making use of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the modified dispersion relation, we have obtained the modified local Hawking temperature and thermodynamic quantities in an isothermal cavity. Moreover, we carry out the analysis of constant temperature slices of a black hole. As a result, we have shown that there also exists another Hawking-Page-like phase transition in which case a locally stable small black hole tunnels into a globally stable large black hole as well as the standard Hawking-Page phase transition from a hot flat space to a black hole.
Effects of Thermal Fluctuations on the Thermodynamics of Modified Hayward Black Hole
Pourhassan, Behnam; Debnath, Ujjal
2016-01-01
In this work, we analyze the effects of thermal fluctuations on the thermodynamics of a modified Hayward black hole. These thermal fluctuations will produce correction terms for various thermodynamic quantities like entropy, pressure, inner energy and specific heats. We also investigate the effect of these correction terms on the first law of thermodynamics. Finally, we study the phase transition for the modified Hayward black hole. It is demonstrated that the modified Hayward black hole is stable even after the thermal fluctuations are taken into account, as long as the event horizon is larger than a certain critical value.
Effects of thermal fluctuations on the thermodynamics of modified Hayward black hole
Pourhassan, Behnam [Damghan University, School of Physics, Damghan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Faizal, Mir [University of Lethbridge, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lethbridge, AB (Canada); Debnath, Ujjal [Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, Department of Mathematics, Howrah (India)
2016-03-15
In this work, we analyze the effects of thermal fluctuations on the thermodynamics of a modified Hayward black hole. These thermal fluctuations will produce correction terms for various thermodynamical quantities like entropy, pressure, internal energy, and specific heats. We also investigate the effect of these correction terms on the first law of thermodynamics. Finally, we study the phase transition for the modified Hayward black hole. It is demonstrated that the modified Hayward black hole is stable even after the thermal fluctuations are taken into account, as long as the event horizon is larger than a certain critical value. (orig.)
Effects of thermal fluctuations on the thermodynamics of modified Hayward black hole
In this work, we analyze the effects of thermal fluctuations on the thermodynamics of a modified Hayward black hole. These thermal fluctuations will produce correction terms for various thermodynamical quantities like entropy, pressure, internal energy, and specific heats. We also investigate the effect of these correction terms on the first law of thermodynamics. Finally, we study the phase transition for the modified Hayward black hole. It is demonstrated that the modified Hayward black hole is stable even after the thermal fluctuations are taken into account, as long as the event horizon is larger than a certain critical value. (orig.)
Black Holes Classical Properties, Thermodynamics and Heuristic Quantization
Bekenstein, J D
1998-01-01
I discuss the no hair principle, the recently found hairy solutions, generic properties of nonvacuum spherical static black holes, and the new no scalar hair theorems. I go into the generic phenomenon of superradiance, first uniform linear motion superradiance, then Kerr black hole superradiance, and finally general rotational superradiance and its possible applications in the laboratory. I show that the horizon area of a nearly stationary black hole can be regarded as an adiabatic invariant. This invariance suggests that quantum horizon area is quantized in multiples of a basic unit. Consideration of the quantum version of the Christodoulou reversible processes provides support for this idea. Horizon area quantization dictates a definite discrete black hole mass spectrum, so that Hawking's semiclassical spectrum is predicted to be replaced by a spectrum of nearly uniformly spaced lines whose envelope is roughly Planckian. Line natural broadening seems not enough to wash out the lines. To check on the possibi...
On the reversible processes in the thermodynamics of black hole
It is well known that a vaporizing black hole is not in equilibrium and it has a negative specific heat. Bekenstein, Hawking, Gibbons and Perry have discussed the case of a black hole put in an isolated box having a rigid and adiathermal wall, in equilibrium with radiation under certain circumstances. In this paper, a similar system has been given, but with a movable wall. (Auth.)
Information erasure and the generalized second law of black hole thermodynamics
Song, D.D.; Winstanley, E.
2008-01-01
We consider the generalized second law of black hole thermodynamics in the light of quantum information theory, in particular information erasure and Landauer’s principle (namely, that erasure of information produces at least the equivalent amount of entropy). A small quantum system outside a black hole in the Hartle-Hawking state is studied, and the quantum system comes into thermal equilibrium with the radiation surrounding the black hole. For this scenario, we present a simple proof of the...
Thermodynamics of DBI Black Holes in Anti-de Sitter Spacetime
JIA Dong-Yan; YUE Rui-Hong; HUANG Shi-Ming
2011-01-01
Through the gauge field theory, we obtain the solution of the DBI-AdS black hole.In the meantime,according to the relations between the action and the grand partition function, we obtain the grand partition function in the DBI-AdS black hole.The temperature and the potential of the DBI-AdS black hole are gained from differential of the grand partition function.With the thermodynamic relations, other thermodynamics are also obtained.The solution and the thermodynamics of the DBI-AdS black hole are turned out that they can reduce to the case of a charged black hole in four-dimensional spacetimes.
Thermodynamics of the two-dimensional black hole in the Teitelboim-Jackiw theory
Lemos, Jose P. S.
1996-01-01
The two-dimensional theory of Teitelboim and Jackiw has constant and negative curvature. In spite of this, the theory admits a black hole solution with no singularities. In this work we study the thermodynamics of this black hole using York's formalism.
Some remarks on black hole temperature and the second law of thermodynamics
Scandurra, M.
2001-01-01
I present a formulation of the second law of thermodynamics in the presence of black holes which makes use of the efficiency of an ideal machine extracting heat cyclically from a black hole. The Carnot coefficient is found and it is shown to be a simple function of the mass.
Black holes in the Einstein -Gauss-Bonnet theory and the geometry of their thermodynamics-II
Biswas, Ritabrata; Chakraborty, Subenoy
2009-01-01
In the present work we study (i) charged black hole in Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet (EGB) theory, known as Einstein-Maxwell-Gauss-Bonnet (EMGB) black hole and (ii) black hole in EGB gravity with Yang-Mills field. The thermodynamic geometry of these two black hole solutions has been investigated, using the modified entropy in Gauss-Bonnet theory.
Thermodynamics of Lovelock black holes with a nonminimal scalar field
Correa, Francisco [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECs),Valdivia (Chile); Hassaine, Mokhtar [Instituto de Matemática y Física, Universidad de Talca,Casilla 747, Talca (Chile)
2014-02-04
We source the Lovelock gravity theories indexed by an integer k and fixed by requiring a unique anti-de Sitter vacuum with a self-interacting nonminimal scalar field in arbitrary dimension d. For each inequivalent Lovelock gravity theory indexed by the integer k, we establish the existence of a two-parametric self-interacting potential that permits to derive a class of black hole solutions with planar horizon for any arbitrary value of the nonminimal coupling parameter. In the thermodynamical analysis of the solution, we show that, once regularized the Euclidean action, the mass contribution coming form the gravity side exactly cancels, order by order, the one arising from the matter part yielding to a vanishing mass. This result is in accordance with the fact that the entropy of the solution, being proportional to the lapse function evaluated at the horizon, also vanishes. Consequently, the integration constant appearing in the solution is interpreted as a sort of hair which turns out to vanish at high temperature.
Thermodynamics of Lovelock black holes with a nonminimal scalar field
Correa, Francisco
2013-01-01
We source the Lovelock gravity theories indexed by an integer k and fixed by requiring a unique anti-de Sitter vacuum with a self-interacting nonminimal scalar field in arbitrary dimension d. For each inequivalent Lovelock gravity theory indexed by the integer k, we establish the existence of a two-parametric self-interacting potential that permits to derive a class of black hole solutions with planar horizon for any arbitrary value of the nonminimal coupling parameter. In the thermodynamical analysis of the solution, we show that, once regularized the Euclidean action, the mass contribution coming form the gravity side exactly cancels, order by order, the one arising from the matter part yielding to a vanishing mass. This result is in accordance with the fact that the entropy of the solution, being proportional to the lapse function evaluated at the horizon, also vanishes. Consequently, the integration constant appearing in the solution is interpreted as a sort of hair which turns out to vanish at high tempe...
The black hole dynamical horizon and generalized second law of thermodynamics
The generalized second law of thermodynamics for a system containing a black hole dynamical horizon is proposed in a covariant way. Its validity is also tested in case of adiabatically collapsing thick light shells
The black hole dynamical horizon and generalized second law of thermodynamics
He, Song; Zhang, Hongbao
2007-01-01
The generalized second law of thermodynamics for a system containing a black hole dynamical horizon is proposed in a covariant way. Its validity is also tested in case of adiabatically collapsing thick light shells.
Thermodynamic Properties of a Reissner-Nordstr(o)m Quintessence Black Hole
WEI Yi-Huan; CHU Zhong-Hui
2011-01-01
The first law of thermodynamics for the three horizons of Reissner-Nordstr(o)m quintessence (RNQ) spacetime is obtained.For a general process of RNQ spacetime,the expressions for the radius changes of the three horizons are derived.When only mass changes,the heat fluxes through the three horizons are equivalent and no heat is left in the black hole region.Finally,a further discussion on the thermal properties of an RNQ black hole is given.Black holes satisfy the four laws of thermodynamics,which indicates a deep connection between gravity and thermodynamics,[1-4] where the entropy of black hole is proportional to the area of event horizon and the temperature of black hole is proportional to the surface gravity of event horizon.For a static and spherically symmetric spacetime,the field equation may be written as the first law of thermodynamics.[5-10]%The first law f thermodynamics for the three horizons of Reissner-Nordstrom quintessence (RNQ) spacetime is obtained. For a general process of RNQ spacetime, the expressions for the radius changes of the three horizons are derived. When only mass changes, the heat fluxes through the three horizons are equivalent and no heat is left in the black hole region. Finally, a further discussion on the thermal properties of an RNQ black hole is given.
THERMODYNAMICS OF GLOBAL MONOPOLE ANTI-DE-SITTER BLACK HOLE IN GRAND CANONICAL ENSEMBLE
陈菊华; 荆继良; 王永久
2001-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the thermodynamics of the global monopole anti-de-Sitter black hole in the grand canonical ensemble following the York's formalism. The black hole is enclosed in a cavity with a finite radius where the temperature and potential are fixed. We have studied some thermodynamical properties, i.e. the reduced action,thermal energy and entropy. By investigating the stability of the solutions, we find stable solutions and instantons.
On Thermodynamical Relation Between Rotating Charged BTZ Black Holes and Effective String Theory
Alexis Larra(~n)aga
2008-01-01
In this paper we study the first law of thermodynamics for the (2+1)-dimensional rotating charged BTZ black hole considering a pair of thermodynamical systems constructed with the two horizons of this solution. We show that these two systems are similar to the right and left movers of string theory and that the temperature associated with the black hole is the harmonic mean of the temperatures associated with these two systems.
Corrected form of the first law of thermodynamics for regular black holes
Ma, Meng-Sen(Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanxi Datong University, Datong, 037009, China); Zhao, Ren
2014-01-01
We show by explicit computations that there is a superficial inconsistency between the conventional first law of black hole thermodynamics and Bekenstein-Hawking area law for three types of regular black holes. The corrected form of the first law for these regular black holes is given. The derivation relies on the general structure of the energy-momentum tensor of the matter fields. When the black hole mass parameter $M$ is included in the energy-momentum tensor, the conventional form of the ...
Unified First Law and Thermodynamics of Dynamical Black Hole in n-dimensional Vaidya Spacetime
Ren, Ji-Rong; Li, Ran
2007-01-01
As a simple but important example of dynamical black hole, we analysis the dynamical black hole in $n$-dimensional Vaidya spacetime in detail. We investigated the thermodynamics of field equation in $n$-dimensional Vaidya spacetime. The unified first law was derived in terms of the methods proposed by Sean A Hayward. The first law of dynamical black hole was obtained by projecting the unified first law along the trapping horizon. At last, the second law of dynamical black hole is also discussed.
MicroBlack Holes Thermodynamics in the Presence of Quantum Gravity Effects
H. Soltani
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Black hole thermodynamics is corrected in the presence of quantum gravity effects. Some phenomenological aspects of quantum gravity proposal can be addressed through generalized uncertainty principle (GUP which provides a perturbation framework to perform required modifications of the black hole quantities. In this paper, we consider the effects of both a minimal measurable length and a maximal momentum on the thermodynamics of TeV-scale black holes. We then extend our study to the case that there are all natural cutoffs as minimal length, minimal momentum, and maximal momentum simultaneously. We also generalize our study to the model universes with large extra dimensions (LED. In this framework existence of black holes remnants as a possible candidate for dark matter is discussed. We study probability of black hole production in the Large Hadronic Collider (LHC and we show this rate decreasing for sufficiently large values of the GUP parameter.
MicroBlack Holes Thermodynamics in the Presence of Quantum Gravity Effects
Black hole thermodynamics is corrected in the presence of quantum gravity effects. Some phenomenological aspects of quantum gravity proposal can be addressed through generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) which provides a perturbation framework to perform required modifications of the black hole quantities. In this paper, we consider the effects of both a minimal measurable length and a maximal momentum on the thermodynamics of TeV-scale black holes. We then extend our study to the case that there are all natural cutoffs as minimal length, minimal momentum, and maximal momentum simultaneously. We also generalize our study to the model universes with large extra dimensions (LED). In this framework existence of black holes remnants as a possible candidate for dark matter is discussed. We study probability of black hole production in the Large Hadronic Collider (LHC) and we show this rate decreasing for sufficiently large values of the GUP parameter
New perspective for black hole thermodynamics in Gauss-Bonnet-Born-Infeld massive gravity
Hendi, Seyed Hossein; Mo, Jie-Xiong; Panahiyan, Shahram; Panah, Behzad Eslam
2016-01-01
Following earlier study regarding Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet-massive black holes in the presence of Born-Infeld nonlinear electromagnetic field [S. H. Hendi, B. Eslam Panah and S. Panahiyan, arXiv:1510.00108], we study thermodynamical structure and critical behavior of these black holes through different methods in this paper. Geometrical thermodynamics is employed to give a picture regarding phase transition of these black holes. Next, a new method is used to derive critical pressure and horizon radius of these black holes. In addition, Maxwell equal area law is employed to study the Van der Waals like behavior of these black holes. Moreover, the critical exponents are calculated and by using Ehrenfest equations, the type of the phase transitions are determined.
Black hole thermodynamics from calculations in strongly coupled gauge theory.
Kabat, D; Lifschytz, G; Lowe, D A
2001-02-19
We develop an approximation scheme for the quantum mechanics of N D0-branes at finite temperature in the 't Hooft large- N limit. The entropy of the quantum mechanics calculated using this approximation agrees well with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of a ten-dimensional nonextremal black hole with 0-brane charge. This result is in accordance with the duality conjectured by Itzhaki, Maldacena, Sonnenschein, and Yankielowicz [Phys. Rev. D 58, 046004 (1998)]. Our approximation scheme provides a model for the density matrix which describes a black hole in the strongly coupled quantum mechanics. PMID:11290159
Feng, Z.W.; Zu, X.T. [University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, School of Physical Electronics, Chengdu (China); Li, H.L. [University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, School of Physical Electronics, Chengdu (China); Shenyang Normal University, College of Physics Science and Technology, Shenyang (China); Yang, S.Z. [China West Normal University, Physics and Space Science College, Nanchong (China)
2016-04-15
We investigate the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole in the context of the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). The corrections to the Hawking temperature, entropy and the heat capacity are obtained via the modified Hamilton-Jacobi equation. These modifications show that the GUP changes the evolution of the Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole. Specially, the GUP effect becomes susceptible when the radius or mass of the black hole approaches the order of Planck scale, it stops radiating and leads to a black hole remnant. Meanwhile, the Planck scale remnant can be confirmed through the analysis of the heat capacity. Those phenomena imply that the GUP may give a way to solve the information paradox. Besides, we also investigate the possibilities to observe the black hole at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and the results demonstrate that the black hole cannot be produced in the recent LHC. (orig.)
Feng, Z. W.; Li, H. L.; Zu, X. T.; Yang, S. Z.
2016-04-01
We investigate the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole in the context of the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). The corrections to the Hawking temperature, entropy and the heat capacity are obtained via the modified Hamilton-Jacobi equation. These modifications show that the GUP changes the evolution of the Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole. Specially, the GUP effect becomes susceptible when the radius or mass of the black hole approaches the order of Planck scale, it stops radiating and leads to a black hole remnant. Meanwhile, the Planck scale remnant can be confirmed through the analysis of the heat capacity. Those phenomena imply that the GUP may give a way to solve the information paradox. Besides, we also investigate the possibilities to observe the black hole at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), and the results demonstrate that the black hole cannot be produced in the recent LHC.
Corrected form of the first law of thermodynamics for regular black holes
We show by explicit computations that there is a superficial inconsistency between the conventional first law of black hole thermodynamics and Bekenstein–Hawking area law for three types of regular black holes. The corrected form of the first law for these regular black holes is given. The derivation relies on the general structure of the energy–momentum tensor of the matter fields. When the black hole mass parameter M is included in the energy–momentum tensor, the conventional form of the first law should be modified with an extra factor. In this case, the black hole mass M can no longer be considered as the internal energy of the regular black holes. (paper)
Phase transition of charged Black Holes in Brans-Dicke theory through geometrical thermodynamics
Hendi, S H; Panah, B Eslam; Armanfard, Z
2015-01-01
In this paper, we take into account black hole solutions of Brans-Dicke-Maxwell theory and investigate their stability and phase transition points. We apply the concept of geometry in thermodynamics to obtain phase transition points and compare its results with those of calculated in canonical ensemble through heat capacity. We show that these black holes enjoy second order phase transitions. We also show that there is a lower bound for the horizon radius of physical charged black holes in Brans-Dicke theory which is originated from restrictions of positivity of temperature. In addition, we find that employing specific thermodynamical metric in the context of geometrical thermodynamics yields divergencies for thermodynamical Ricci scalar in places of phase transitions. It will be pointed out that due to characteristics behavior of thermodynamical Ricci scalar around its divergence points, one is able to distinguish the physical limitation point from the phase transitions.
Moduli and (un)attractor black hole thermodynamics
Astefanesei, D.; Goldstein, K.D.; Mahapatra, S.
2008-01-01
We investigate four-dimensional spherically symmetric black hole solutions in gravity theories with massless, neutral scalars non-minimally coupled to gauge fields. In the non-extremal case, we explicitly show that, under the variation of the moduli, the scalar charges appear in the first law of bla
Black Hole Horizons and Thermodynamics: A Quantum Approach
Nicola Pinamonti
2010-07-01
Full Text Available We focus on quantization of the metric of a black hole restricted to the Killing horizon with universal radius r0. After imposing spherical symmetry and after restriction to the Killing horizon, the metric is quantized employing the chiral currents formalism. Two "components of the metric" are indeed quantized: The former behaves as an affine scalar field under changes of coordinates, the latter is instead a proper scalar field. The action of the symplectic group on both fields is realized in terms of certain horizon diffeomorphisms. Depending on the choice of the vacuum state, such a representation is unitary. If the reference state of the scalar field is a coherent state rather than a vacuum, spontaneous breaking of conformal symmetry arises and the state contains a Bose-Einstein condensate. In this case the order parameter fixes the actual size of the black hole with respect to r0. Both the constructed state together with the one associated with the affine scalar are thermal states (KMS with respect to Schwarzschild Killing time when restricted to half horizon. The value of the order parameter fixes the temperature at the Hawking value as well. As a result, it is found that the quantum energy and entropy densities coincide with the black hole mass and entropy, provided the universal parameter r0 is suitably chosen, not depending on the size of the actual black hole in particular.
Does the third law of black hole thermodynamics really have a serious failure?
Rácz, I
2000-01-01
The almost perfect correspondence between certain laws of classical black hole mechanics and the ordinary laws of thermodynamics is spoiled by the failure of the conventional back hole analogue of the third law. Our aim here is to contribute to the associated discussion by flashing light on some simple facts of black hole physics. However, no attempt is made to lay to rest the corresponding long lasting debate. Instead, merely some evidence is provided to make it clear that although the borderline between extremal and non-extremal black holes is very thin they are essentially different. Hopefully, a careful investigation of the related issues will end up with an appropriate form of the third law and hence with an unblemished setting of black hole thermodynamics.
We study noncommutative black holes, by using a diffeomorphism between the Schwarzschild black hole and the Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model, which is generalized to noncommutative minisuperspace. Through the use of the Feynman-Hibbs procedure we are able to study the thermodynamics of the black hole, in particular, we calculate Hawking's temperature and entropy for the 'noncommutative' Schwarzschild black hole
A class of black holes in dRGT massive gravity and their thermodynamical properties
Ghosh, Suchant G. [Jamia Millia Islamia, Centre of Theoretical Physics, New Delhi (India); University of Kwazulu-Natal, Astrophysics and Cosmology Research Unit, School of Mathematical Sciences, Private Bag 54001, Durban (South Africa); Tannukij, Lunchakorn [Mahidol University, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Bangkok (Thailand); Wongjun, Pitayuth [Naresuan University, The Institute for Fundamental Study, Phitsanulok (Thailand); Ministry of Education, Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, Bangkok (Thailand)
2016-03-15
We present an exact spherical black hole solution in de Rham, Gabadadze, and Tolley (dRGT) massive gravity for a generic choice of the parameters in the theory, and also discuss the thermodynamical and phase structure of the black hole in both the grand canonical and the canonical ensembles (for the charged case). It turns out that the dRGT black hole solution includes other known solutions to the Einstein field equations, such as the monopole-de Sitter-Schwarzschild solution with the coefficients of the third and fourth terms in the potential and the graviton mass in massive gravity naturally generates the cosmological constant and the global monopole term. Furthermore, we compute the mass, temperature and entropy of the dRGT black hole, and also perform thermodynamical stability analysis. It turns out that the presence of the graviton mass completely changes the black hole thermodynamics, and it can provide the Hawking-Page phase transition which also occurs for the charged black holes. Interestingly, the entropy of a black hole is barely affected and still obeys the standard area law. In particular, our results, in the limit m{sub g} → 0, reduced exactly to the results of general relativity. (orig.)
A class of black holes in dRGT massive gravity and their thermodynamical properties
Ghosh, Suchant G.; Tannukij, Lunchakorn; Wongjun, Pitayuth
2016-03-01
We present an exact spherical black hole solution in de Rham, Gabadadze, and Tolley (dRGT) massive gravity for a generic choice of the parameters in the theory, and also discuss the thermodynamical and phase structure of the black hole in both the grand canonical and the canonical ensembles (for the charged case). It turns out that the dRGT black hole solution includes other known solutions to the Einstein field equations, such as the monopole-de Sitter-Schwarzschild solution with the coefficients of the third and fourth terms in the potential and the graviton mass in massive gravity naturally generates the cosmological constant and the global monopole term. Furthermore, we compute the mass, temperature and entropy of the dRGT black hole, and also perform thermodynamical stability analysis. It turns out that the presence of the graviton mass completely changes the black hole thermodynamics, and it can provide the Hawking-Page phase transition which also occurs for the charged black holes. Interestingly, the entropy of a black hole is barely affected and still obeys the standard area law. In particular, our results, in the limit m_g → 0, reduced exactly to the results of general relativity.
A class of black holes in dRGT massive gravity and their thermodynamical properties
We present an exact spherical black hole solution in de Rham, Gabadadze, and Tolley (dRGT) massive gravity for a generic choice of the parameters in the theory, and also discuss the thermodynamical and phase structure of the black hole in both the grand canonical and the canonical ensembles (for the charged case). It turns out that the dRGT black hole solution includes other known solutions to the Einstein field equations, such as the monopole-de Sitter-Schwarzschild solution with the coefficients of the third and fourth terms in the potential and the graviton mass in massive gravity naturally generates the cosmological constant and the global monopole term. Furthermore, we compute the mass, temperature and entropy of the dRGT black hole, and also perform thermodynamical stability analysis. It turns out that the presence of the graviton mass completely changes the black hole thermodynamics, and it can provide the Hawking-Page phase transition which also occurs for the charged black holes. Interestingly, the entropy of a black hole is barely affected and still obeys the standard area law. In particular, our results, in the limit mg → 0, reduced exactly to the results of general relativity. (orig.)
The intrinsic curvature of thermodynamic potentials for black holes with critical points
Dolan, Brian P
2015-01-01
The geometry of thermodynamic state space is studied for asymptotically anti-de Sitter black holes in D-dimensional space times. Convexity of thermodynamic potentials and the analytic structure of the response functions is analysed. The thermodynamic potentials can be used to define a metric on the space of thermodynamic variables and two commonly used such metrics are the Weinhold metric, derived from the internal energy, and the Ruppeiner metric, derived from the entropy. The intrinsic curvature of these metrics is calculated for charged and for rotating black holes and it is shown that the curvature diverges when heat capacities diverge but, contrary to general expectations, the singularities in the Ricci scalars do not reflect the critical behaviour. When a cosmological constant is included as a state space variable it can be interpreted as a pressure and the thermodynamically conjugate variable as a thermodynamic volume. The geometry of the resulting extended thermodynamic state space is also studied, in...
Effective first law of thermodynamics of black holes with two horizons
Wei Yi-Huan
2009-01-01
For a black hole with two horizons, the effective entropy is assumed to be a linear combination of the two entropies of the outer and inner horizons. In terms of the effective thermodynamic quantities the effective Bekenstein-Smarr formula and the effective first law of thermodynamics are derived.
New Formulations of First Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics: A "Stringy" Analogy
Wu, S Q
2005-01-01
We consider the first laws of thermodynamics for a pair of systems made up of the two horizons of a Kerr-Newman black hole. These two systems are constructed in such a way that we only demand their ``horizon areas'' to be the sum and difference of that of the outer and inner horizons of their prototype. Remarkably, these two copies bear a striking resemblance to the right- and left-movers in string theory and D-brane physics. Our reformulation of the first law of black hole thermodynamics can be thought of as an analogy of thermodynamics of effective string or D-brane models.
Thermodynamic analysis of topological black holes in Gauss-Bonnet gravity with nonlinear source
Hendi, S.H. [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Institute for Astrophysics and Astronomy of Maragha (RIAAM), P.O. Box 55134-441, Maragha (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Panahiyan, S.; Mahmoudi, E. [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2014-10-15
Employing two classes of nonlinear electrodynamics, we obtain topological black hole solutions of Gauss-Bonnet gravity. We investigate geometric properties of the solutions and find that there is an intrinsic singularity at the origin. We investigate the thermodynamic properties of the asymptotically flat black holes and also asymptotically adS solutions. Using a suitable local transformation, we generalize static horizon-flat solutions to rotating ones. We discuss their conserved and thermodynamic quantities as well as the first law of thermodynamics. Finally, we calculate the heat capacity of the solutions to obtain a constraint on the horizon radius of stable solutions. (orig.)
New formulation of the first law of black hole thermodynamics: a stringy analogy
We consider the first laws of thermodynamics for a pair of systems made up of the two horizons of a Kerr-Newman black hole. These two systems are constructed in such a way that we only demand their 'horizon areas' to be the sum and difference of that of the outer and inner horizons of their prototype. Remarkably, these two copies bear a striking resemblance to the right- and left-movers in string theory and D-brane physics. Our reformulation of the first law of black hole thermodynamics can be thought of as an analogy of thermodynamics of effective string or D-brane models
Minimal Length Effects in Black Hole Thermodynamics from Tunneling Formalism
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2016-01-01
The tunneling formalism in the Hamilton-Jacobi approach is adopted to study Hawking radiation of massless Dirac particles from spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes incorporating the effects of the generalized uncertainty principle. The Hawking temperature is found to contain corrections from the generalized uncertainty principle. Further, we show from this result that the ratio of the GUP corrected energy of the particle to the GUP corrected Hawking temperature is equal to the ratio of the corresponding uncorrected quantities. This result is then exploited to compute the Hawking temperature for more general forms of the uncertainty principle having infinite number of terms. Choosing the coefficients of the terms in the series in a specific way enables one to sum the infinite series exactly. This leads to a Hawking temperature for the Schwarzschild black hole that agrees with the result which accounts for the one loop back reaction effect. The entropy is finally computed and yields the area theorem upto logarithmic corrections.
Minimal length effects in black hole thermodynamics from tunneling formalism
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2016-01-01
The tunneling formalism in the Hamilton-Jacobi approach is adopted to study Hawking radiation of massless Dirac particles from spherically symmetric black hole spacetimes incorporating the effects of the generalized uncertainty principle. The Hawking temperature is found to contain corrections from the generalized uncertainty principle. An alternative derivation of this result is also presented which makes use of the tunneling result for the probability of the outgoing particle in the absence of quantum gravity effects. This approach is then exploited to compute the Hawking temperature for more general forms of the uncertainty principle having infinite number of terms. Choosing the coefficients of the terms in the series in a specific way enables one to sum the infinite series exactly. This leads to a Hawking temperature for the Schwarzschild black hole that agrees with the result which accounts for the one loop back reaction effect. The entropy is finally computed and yields the area theorem upto logarithmic...
A Note on Physical Mass and the Thermodynamics of AdS-Kerr Black Holes
McInnes, Brett
2015-01-01
As with any black hole, asymptotically anti-de Sitter Kerr black holes are described by a small number of parameters, including a "mass parameter" $M$ that reduces to the AdS-Schwarzschild mass in the limit of vanishing angular momentum. In sharp contrast to the asymptotically flat case, the horizon area of such a black hole increases with the angular momentum parameter $a$ if one fixes $M$; this appears to mean that the Penrose process in this case would violate the Second Law of black hole thermodynamics. We show that the correct procedure is to fix not $M$ but rather the "physical" mass $E=M/(1-a^2/L^2)^2$; this is motivated by the First Law. For then the horizon area decreases with $a$. We recommend that $E$ always be used as the mass: for example, in attempts to "over-spin" AdS-Kerr black holes.
A note on physical mass and the thermodynamics of AdS-Kerr black holes
McInnes, Brett; Ong, Yen Chin
2015-11-01
As with any black hole, asymptotically anti-de Sitter Kerr black holes are described by a small number of parameters, including a ``mass parameter'' M that reduces to the AdS-Schwarzschild mass in the limit of vanishing angular momentum. In sharp contrast to the asymptotically flat case, the horizon area of such a black hole increases with the angular momentum parameter a if one fixes M; this appears to mean that the Penrose process in this case would violate the Second Law of black hole thermodynamics. We show that the correct procedure is to fix not M but rather the ``physical'' mass E=M/(1-a2/L2)2 this is motivated by the First Law. For then the horizon area decreases with a. We recommend that E always be used as the mass in physical processes: for example, in attempts to ``over-spin'' AdS-Kerr black holes.
Feng, Z W; Zu, X T
2016-01-01
We investigate the thermodynamics of Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole in the context of the generalized uncertainty principle. The corrections to the Hawking temperature, entropy and the heat capacity are obtained via the modified Hamilton-Jacobi equation. These modifications show that the GUP changes the evolution of Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole. Specially, the GUP effect becomes susceptible when the black hole evaporates down to the order of Planck scale, it makes the Hawking radiating stop and leads to remnant. It finds the endpoint of evaporation is a Planck-scale remnant with zero heat capacity. Those phenomenons imply that the GUP may give a way to solve the information. Besides, we also analysis the possibilities to find the black hole at LHC, and show that the black hole can not be produced in the recent LHC.
Conserved charges and first law of thermodynamics for Kerr-de Sitter black holes
Hajian, Kamal
2016-08-01
Recently, a general method for calculating conserved charges for (black hole) solutions to generally covariant gravitational theories, in any dimensions and with arbitrary asymptotic behaviors has been introduced. Equipped with this method, which can be dubbed as "solution phase space method," we calculate mass and angular momentum for the Kerr-dS black holes. Furthermore, for any choice of horizons, associated entropy and the first law of thermodynamics are derived. Interestingly, according to insensitivity of the analysis to the chosen cosmological constant, the analysis unifies the thermodynamics of rotating stationary black holes in 4 (and other) dimensions with either AdS, flat or dS asymptotics. We extend the analysis to include electric charge, i.e. to the Kerr-Newman-dS black holes.
Another new form of the rotating squashed black hole solution and its thermodynamics
Zhu, Xiao-Dan; Wu, Shuang-Qing; Yang, Shu-Zheng
2016-01-01
In a previous work, we had obtained a new simple form for the five-dimensional rotating squashed black hole solution by solving directly the vacuum Einstein field equations. In this paper, using a different metric ansatz, we have obtained another new but relatively simple form for the rotating uncharged black hole with squashed horizons. We then found its relation to our previous solution and investigated its thermodynamics by means of the counterterm method. Compared with the previous results given by the other author, both of our new metric forms and their associated thermodynamic expressions of the neutral rotating squashed black hole solution are very concise and elegant. Our work serves as a warmup excises for studying the rotating charged squashed black holes in the next step.
Conserved Charges and First Law of Thermodynamics for Kerr-de Sitter Black Holes
Hajian, Kamal
2016-01-01
Recently, a general formulation for calculating conserved charges for (black hole) solutions to generally covariant gravitational theories, in any dimensions and with arbitrary asymptotic behaviors has been introduced. Equipped with this method, which can be dubbed as "solution phase space method," we calculate mass and angular momentum for the Kerr-dS black hole. Then, for any choice of horizons, associated entropy and the first law of thermodynamics are derived. Interestingly, according to insensitivity of the analysis to the chosen cosmological constant, the analysis unifies the thermodynamics of rotating stationary black holes in 4 (and other) dimensions with either AdS, flat or dS asymptotics. We extend the analysis to include electric charge, i.e. to the Kerr-Newman-dS black hole.
Thermodynamic curvature and phase transitions in Kerr-Newman black holes
Singularities in the thermodynamics of Kerr-Newman black holes are commonly associated with phase transitions. However, such interpretations are complicated by a lack of stability and, more significantly, by a lack of conclusive insight from microscopic models. Here, I focus on the later problem. I use the thermodynamic Riemannian curvature scalar R as a try to get microscopic information from the known thermodynamics. The hope is that this could facilitate matching black hole thermodynamics to known models of statistical mechanics. For the Kerr-Newman black hole, the sign of R is mostly positive, in contrast to that for ordinary thermodynamic models, where R is mostly negative. Cases with negative R include most of the simple critical point models. An exception is the Fermi gas, which has positive R. I demonstrate several exact correspondences between the two-dimensional Fermi gas and the extremal Kerr-Newman black hole. Away from the extremal case, R diverges to +∞ along curves of diverging heat capacities CJ,Φ and CΩ,Q, but not along the Davies curve of diverging CJ,Q. Finding statistical mechanical models with like behavior might yield additional insight into the microscopic properties of black holes. I also discuss a possible physical interpretation of |R|.
Another new form of the rotating squashed black hole solution and its thermodynamics
Zhu, Xiao-Dan; Wu, Di; Wu, Shuang-Qing; Yang, Shu-Zheng
2016-01-01
In a previous work, we had obtained a new simple form for the five-dimensional rotating squashed black hole solution by solving directly the vacuum Einstein field equations. In this paper, using a different metric ansatz, we have obtained another new but relatively simple form for the rotating uncharged black hole with squashed horizons. We then found its relation to our previous solution and investigated its thermodynamics by means of the counterterm method. Compared with the previous result...
Thermodynamic properties of the noncommutative black hole in (z = 3)-Horava-Lifshitz gravity
NACH, Mourad; BILAL, Khadija; SEDRA, My Brahim; BOUKILI, Abderrahman EL
2013-01-01
In this work, we investigate the effects of noncommutative spaces on the Horava-Lifshitz black hole. We construct the black hole solutions in the noncommutative space of (z = 3)-Horava-Lifshitz gravity. We calculate the horizon and the thermodynamic properties such as the Hawking temperature, the ADM-Mass, and entropy, which reduce to their commutative limits when the noncommutativity parameter tends to zero.
Thermodynamic Interpretation of Field Equations at Horizon of BTZ Black Hole
M. Akbar
2007-01-01
A spacetime horizon comprising with a black hole singularity acts like a boundary of a thermal system associated with the notions of temperature and entropy. In the case of static metric of Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole, the Reid equations near the horizon boundary can be expressed as a thermal identity dE = TdS+PrdA, where E = M is the mass of BTZ black hole, dA is the change in the area of the black hole horizon when the horizon is displaced innnitesimally small, Pr is the radial pressure provided by the source of Einstein equations, S = 4πa is the entropy and T = κ/2π is the Hawking temperature associated with the horizon. This approach is studied further to generalize it for non-static BTZ black hole, showing that it is also possible to interpret the field equation near horizon as a thermodynamic identity dE = TdS + PrdA + Ω+dJ, where Ω+ is the angular velocity and J is the angular momentum of BTZ black hole. These results indicate that the Geld equations for BTZ black hole possess intrinsic thermodynamic properties near the horizon.
A class of black holes in dRGT massive gravity and their thermodynamical properties
Ghosh, Sushant G; Wongjun, Pitayuth
2015-01-01
We present exact spherical black hole solutions in de Rham, Gabadadze and Tolley (dRGT) massive gravity for a generic choice of the parameters in the theory, and also discuss the thermodynamical and phase structure of the black hole in both the grand canonical and canonical ensembles (for charged case). It turns out that the dGRT black hole solutions includes the known solutions to the Einstein field equations, such as, the monopole-de Sitter-Schwarzschild ones with the coefficients for the third and fourth terms in the potential and the graviton mass in massive gravity naturally generates the cosmological constant and the global monopole term. Furthermore, we compute the mass, temperature, and entropy of dGRT black hole solutions and also perform thermodynamical stability. It turns out that the presence of the graviton mass completely changes the black hole thermodynamics, and it can provide the Hawking-Page phase transition which is also true for the obtained charged black holes. Interestingly, the entropy ...
Thermodynamics and Phase transition of Schwarzschild black hole in Gravity's Rainbow
Feng, Zhong-Wen; Li, Hui-Ling; Zu, Xiao-Tao
2016-01-01
The Planck length and Planck energy should be taken as invariant scales are in agreement with various theories of quantum gravity. In this scenario, the original general relativity can be changed to the so-called gravity's rainbow which produces significant modifications to the black holes' evolution. In this paper, using two kinds of rainbow functions, we investigate the thermodynamics and the phase transition of Schwarzschild black hole in the context of gravity's rainbow theory. Firstly, with the help of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, we calculate the modified Hawking temperature. Then, based on this modification, we derive the local temperature, free energy and other thermodynamic quantities in an isothermal cavity. Finally, the critical behavior, the thermodynamic stability and phase transition of the rainbow Schwarzschild black hole are analyzed. It turns out that our results are different from the those of Hawking-Page phase transition. Meanwhile, it is found that there are many similarities and...
Thermodynamic response functions and Maxwell relations for a Kerr black hole
Escamilla, L
2015-01-01
Assuming the existence of a fundamental thermodynamic relation, the classical thermodynamics of a black hole with mass and angular momentum is given. New definitions of response functions and $TdS$ equations are introduced and mathematical analogous of the Euler equation and Gibbs-Duhem relation are founded. Thermodynamic stability is studied from concavity conditions, resulting in an unstable equilibrium at all the domain except for a region of local stable equilibrium. Maxwell relations are written, allowing to build the thermodynamic squares. Our results shown an interesting analogy between thermodynamics of gravitational and magnetic systems.
Prasia, P
2016-01-01
In this work we study the Quasi Normal Modes(QNMs) under massless scalar perturbations and the thermodynamics of linearly charged BTZ black holes in massive gravity in the (Anti)de Sitter((A)dS) space time. It is found that the behavior of QNMs changes with the massive parameter and also with the charge of the black hole. The thermodynamics of such black holes in the (A)dS space time is also analyzed in detail. The behavior of specific heat with temperature for such black holes gives an indication of a phase transition that depends on the massive parameter and also on the charge of the black hole.
Entanglement Thermodynamics of the Generalized Charged BTZ Black Hole
Mansoori, Seyed Ali Hosseini; Darareh, Mahdi Davoudi; Janbaz, Sharooz
2015-01-01
In this paper, we investigate the entanglement entropy for the generalized charged BTZ black hole through the $AdS_{3}/CFT_{2}$ correspondence. Using the holographic description of the entanglement entropy for the strip-subsystem in boundary $CFT_{2}$, we will find the first law-like relation between the variation of holographic entanglement entropy and the variation of energy of the subsystem in terms of the mass and the electric charge up to the second order. We also obtain appropriate counterterms to renormalize the energy tensor associated with the bulk on-shell actions.
Entanglement thermodynamics of the generalized charged BTZ black hole
Mansoori, Seyed Ali Hosseini; Mirza, Behrouz; Darareh, Mahdi Davoudi; Janbaz, Shahrooz
2016-04-01
In this paper, we investigate the entanglement entropy for the generalized charged BTZ black hole through the AdS3/CFT2 correspondence. Using the holographic description of the entanglement entropy for the strip-subsystem in boundary CFT2, we will find the first law-like relation between the variation of holographic entanglement entropy and the variation of energy of the subsystem in terms of the mass and the electric charge up to the second-order. We also obtain appropriate counterterms to renormalize the energy tensor associated with the bulk on-shell actions.
Thermodynamics of two-dimensional conformal field theory dual to black holes
In this letter we investigate the first law of thermodynamics of the two-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT) that is dual to black holes. We start from the Cardy formula and get the CFT thermodynamics with minimal reasonable assumptions. We use both the microcanonical ensemble and canonical ensemble versions of the Cardy formula. In the black hole/CFT correspondence the black hole is dual to a CFT with excitations, and the black hole mass M and charge N correspond to the energy and charge of the excited CFT. The CFT left- and right-moving central charges cL,R should be quantized, and so we assume that they are mass-independent. Also we assume the difference of the left- and right-moving sector levels NL–NR is mass-independent dual to level matching condition. The thermodynamics of two-dimensional CFT we get is universal and supports the thermodynamics method of black hole/CFT correspondence
Insight into the microscopic structure of an AdS black hole from a thermodynamical phase transition.
Wei, Shao-Wen; Liu, Yu-Xiao
2015-09-11
Comparing with an ordinary thermodynamic system, we investigate the possible microscopic structure of a charged anti-de Sitter black hole completely from the thermodynamic viewpoint. The number density of the black hole molecules is introduced to measure the microscopic degrees of freedom of the black hole. We found that the number density suffers a sudden change accompanied by a latent heat when the black hole system crosses the small-large black hole coexistence curve, while when the system passes the critical point, it encounters a second-order phase transition with a vanishing latent heat due to the continuous change of the number density. Moreover, the thermodynamic scalar curvature suggests that there is a weak attractive interaction between two black hole molecules. These phenomena might cast new insight into the underlying microscopic structure of a charged anti-de Sitter black hole. PMID:26406818
New Formulation of the First Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics: A Stringy Analogy
Wu, S Q
2004-01-01
We consider the first laws of thermodynamics for a pair of systems made up of the two horizons of a Kerr-Newman black hole. These two systems are constructed in such a way that we only demand their ``horizon areas'' to be the sum and difference of that of the outer and inner horizons of their prototype. Remarkably, these two copies bear a striking resemblance to the right- and left-movers in string theory and D-brane physics. Our reformulation of the first law of black hole thermodynamics can...
Phase transition of charged Black Holes in Brans-Dicke theory through geometrical thermodynamics
Hendi, S. H.; Panahiyan, S.; Panah, B. Eslam; Armanfard, Z.
2016-07-01
In this paper, we take into account black hole solutions of Brans-Dicke-Maxwell theory and investigate their stability and phase transition points. We apply the concept of geometry in thermodynamics to obtain phase transition points and compare its results with those, calculated in the canonical ensemble through heat capacity. We show that these black holes enjoy second order phase transitions. We also show that there is a lower bound for the horizon radius of physical charged black holes in Brans-Dicke theory, which originates from restrictions of positivity of temperature. In addition, we find that employing a specific thermodynamical metric in the context of geometrical thermodynamics yields divergencies for the thermodynamical Ricci scalar in places of the phase transitions. It will be pointed out that due to the characteristic behavior of the thermodynamical Ricci scalar around its divergence points, one is able to distinguish the physical limitation point from the phase transitions. In addition, the free energy of these black holes will be obtained and its behavior will be investigated. It will be shown that the behavior of the free energy in the place where the heat capacity diverges demonstrates second order phase transition characteristics.
Thermodynamic phase structure of charged anti-de Sitter scalar-tensor black holes
When electromagnetic field with nonlinear lagrangian acts as a source of gravity the no-scalar-hair theorems can be eluded and black holes with non-trivial scalar field can be found in scalar tensor theories. Black holes with secondary scalar hair exist also when a cosmological constant is added in the theory. The thermodynamics of black holes in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space-time has attracted considerable interest due to the AdS/CFT conjecture. A natural question that arises is whether the non-trivial scalar field would alter the black-hole thermodynamical phase structure. In the current work we present the phase structure of charged hairy black holes coupled to nonlinear Born-Infeld electrodynamics in canonical ensemble which is naturally related to AdS space-time. In certain regions of the parameter space we find the existence of a first-order phase transition between small and very large black holes. An unexpected result is that for a small subinterval of charge values two phase transitions are observed – one of zeroth and one of first order
Ma, Meng-Sen; Liu, Yan-Song
2016-01-01
On the basis of horizon thermodynamics we study the thermodynamic stability and $P-V$ criticality of topological black holes constructed in Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz (HL) gravity without the detailed-balance condition (with general $\\epsilon$). In the framework of horizon thermodynamics, the temperature $T$ and pressure $P$ are independent quantities. It is not necessary to derive $T$ according to the metric function and $P$ according to any matter content. It is shown that the HL black hole for $k=0$ is always thermodynamically stable. For $k=1$, the temperature of HL black hole can be classified in five different cases. In one case, the thermodynamic behaviors of HL black hole is similar to that of Reissner- Nordstr\\"{o}m (RN) black hole. There are larger/smaller black hole phase transition and smaller/larger black hole phase transition in different cases. For $k=-1$, there are six cases for the temperature of HL black hole, in one of which the HL black hole exhibits itself like Schwarzschild-AdS black hole. It i...
Tawfik, A., E-mail: a.tawfik@eng.mti.edu.eg [Egyptian Center for Theoretical Physics (ECTP), MTI University, 11571 Cairo (Egypt)
2013-07-01
We investigate the impacts of Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) proposed by some approaches to quantum gravity such as String Theory and Doubly Special Relativity on black hole thermodynamics and Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Utilizing Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the Hawking temperature, Bekenstein entropy, specific heat, emission rate and decay time are calculated. As the evaporation entirely eats up the black hole mass, the specific heat vanishes and the temperature approaches infinity with an infinite radiation rate. It is found that the GUP approach prevents the black hole from the entire evaporation. It implies the existence of remnants at which the specific heat vanishes. The same role is played by the Heisenberg uncertainty principle in constructing the hydrogen atom. We discuss how the linear GUP approach solves the entire-evaporation-problem. Furthermore, the black hole lifetime can be estimated using another approach; the Salecker-Wigner inequalities. Assuming that the quantum position uncertainty is limited to the minimum wavelength of measuring signal, Wigner second inequality can be obtained. If the spread of quantum clock is limited to some minimum value, then the modified black hole lifetime can be deduced. Based on linear GUP approach, the resulting lifetime difference depends on black hole relative mass and the difference between black hole mass with and without GUP is not negligible.
R\\'enyi entropy and the thermodynamic stability of black holes
Czinner, Viktor G
2016-01-01
Thermodynamic stability of black holes, described by the R\\'enyi formula as equilibrium compatible entropy function, is investigated. It is shown that within this approach, asymptotically flat, Schwarzschild black holes can be in stable equilibrium with thermal radiation at a fixed temperature. This implies that the canonical ensemble exists just like in anti-de Sitter space, and nonextensive effects can stabilize the black holes in a very similar way as it is done by the gravitational potential of an anti-de Sitter space. Furthermore, it is also shown that a Hawking-Page-like black hole phase transition occurs at a critical temperature which depends on the $q$-parameter of the R\\'enyi formula.
Geometric Description of the Thermodynamics of the Noncommutative Schwarzschild Black Hole
Alexis Larrañaga
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The thermodynamics of the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole is reformulated within the context of the recently developed formalism of geometrothermodynamics (GTD. Using a thermodynamic metric which is invariant with respect to Legendre transformations, we determine the geometry of the space of equilibrium states and show that phase transitions, which correspond to divergencies of the heat capacity, are represented geometrically as singularities of the curvature scalar. This further indicates that the curvature of the thermodynamic metric is a measure of thermodynamic interaction.
Conformal Symmetry Breaking and Thermodynamics of Near-Extremal Black Holes
Almheiri, Ahmed
2016-01-01
It has been argued recently by Almheiri and Polchinski that the near-horizon conformal symmetry of extremal black holes must be broken due to gravitational backreaction at an IR scale linear in $G_N$. In this paper, we show that this scale coincides with the so-called `thermodynamic mass gap' of near-extremal black holes, a scale which signals the breakdown of their thermodynamic description. We also develop a method which extends the analysis of Almheiri and Polchinski to more complicated models with extremal throats by studying the bulk linearized quantum field theory. Moreover, we show how their original model correctly captures the universal physics of the near-horizon region of near-extremal black holes at tree level, and conclude that this equivalence of the conformal breaking and mass gap scale is general.
Geometric Description of the Thermodynamics of the Noncommutative Schwarzschild Black Hole
Alexis Larrañaga; Natalia Herrera; Juliana Garcia
2013-01-01
The thermodynamics of the noncommutative Schwarzschild black hole is reformulated within the context of the recently developed formalism of geometrothermodynamics (GTD). Using a thermodynamic metric which is invariant with respect to Legendre transformations, we determine the geometry of the space of equilibrium states and show that phase transitions, which correspond to divergencies of the heat capacity, are represented geometrically as singularities of the curvature scalar. This further in...
Thermodynamics of Reissner-Nordstroem-de Sitter black hole in York's formalism
By using York's path-integral formalism, we investigate the Reissner-Nordstroem-de Sitter (RNdS) spacetimes. We obtain not only the entropies of the lukewarm, the cold, the charged Nariai and the ultracold black holes, but also their first laws of thermodynamics. The entropy of the charged Nariai is given for the first time, to our knowledge
Thermodynamics of a higher dimensional noncommutative anti-de Sitter-Einstein-Born-infeld black hole
González, Angélica; Linares, Román; Maceda, Marco; Sánchez-Santos, Oscar
2015-01-01
We analyze noncommutative deformations of a higher dimensional anti-de Sitter-Einstein-Born-Infeld black hole. Two models based on noncommutative inspired distributions of mass and charge are discussed and their thermodynamical properties are calculated. In the (3+1)-dimensional case, the equation of state and the Gibbs energy function of each model are found.
Bohr's Semiclassical Model of the Black Hole Thermodynamics
Pankovic, V.; Predojevic, M.; Grujic, P.
2008-06-01
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Lopez-DomInguez, J C [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato PO Box E-143, 37150 Leoen Gto. (Mexico); Obregon, O [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato PO Box E-143, 37150 Leoen Gto. (Mexico); RamIrez, C [Facultad de Ciencias FIsico Matematicas, Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, PO Box 1364, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Sabido, M [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato PO Box E-143, 37150 Leoen Gto. (Mexico)
2007-11-15
We study noncommutative black holes, by using a diffeomorphism between the Schwarzschild black hole and the Kantowski-Sachs cosmological model, which is generalized to noncommutative minisuperspace. Through the use of the Feynman-Hibbs procedure we are able to study the thermodynamics of the black hole, in particular, we calculate Hawking's temperature and entropy for the 'noncommutative' Schwarzschild black hole.
Gao, C. J.; Zhang, S. N.
2006-01-01
The exact solutions of electrically charged phantom black holes with the cosmological constant are constructed. They are labelled by the mass, the electrical charge, the cosmological constant and the coupling constant between the phantom and the Maxwell field. It is found that the phantom has important consequences on the properties of black holes. In particular, the extremal charged phantom black holes can never be achieved and so the third law of thermodynamics for black holes still holds. ...
Thermodynamic instability of nonlinearly charged black holes in gravity's rainbow
Hendi, S.H. [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), Maragha (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Panahiyan, S. [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shahid Beheshti University, Physics Department, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Panah, B.E.; Momennia, M. [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2016-03-15
Motivated by the violation of Lorentz invariance in quantum gravity, we study black hole solutions in gravity's rainbow in the context of Einstein gravity coupled with various models of nonlinear electrodynamics. We regard an energy dependent spacetime and obtain the related metric functions and electric fields. We show that there is an essential singularity at the origin which is covered by an event horizon. We also compute the conserved and thermodynamical quantities and examine the validity of the first law of thermodynamics in the presence of rainbow functions. Finally, we investigate the thermal stability conditions for these black hole solutions in the context of canonical ensemble. We show that the thermodynamical structure of the solutions depends on the choices of nonlinearity parameters, charge, and energy functions. (orig.)
Thermodynamic stability of charged BTZ black holes: Ensemble dependency problem and its solution
Hendi, S H; Mamasani, R
2015-01-01
Motivated by the wide applications of thermal stability and phase transition, we investigate thermodynamic properties of charged BTZ black holes. We apply the standard method to calculate the heat capacity and the Hessian matrix and find that thermal stability of charged BTZ solutions depends on the choice of ensemble. To overcome this problem, we take into account cosmological constant as a thermodynamical variable. By this modification, we show that the ensemble dependency is eliminated and thermal stability conditions are the same in both ensembles. Then, we generalize our solutions to the case of nonlinear electrodynamics. We show how nonlinear matter field modifies the geometrical behavior of the metric function. We also study phase transition and thermal stability of these black holes in context of both canonical and grand canonical ensembles. We show that by considering the cosmological constant as a thermodynamical variable and modifying the Hessian matrix, the ensemble dependency of thermal stability...
Black Holes And Thermodynamics Of Non-gravitational Theories (maldacena's Conjecture)
Sahakian, V V
1999-01-01
We study the thermodynamics of a class of non-gravitational theories by making use of Maldacena's conjecture. We chart their thermodynamic phase diagrams well into regimes of strongly coupled dynamics while taking into account finite size effects. We find that black holes arise readily at low entropies as metastable phases. We study the scaling of the various phase transition curves, and demonstrate how the symmetries that patch various string theories together into a single theory consistently mold a myriad of thermodynamic vacua into the phase diagram of a single non-gravitational theory. We show that the statement of an earlier conjecture, the Matrix conjecture, is entirely encoded in Maldacena's proposal. Finally, we study the statistical mechanics of a strongly coupled supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory and identify the signature of black hole formation in the dynamics.
Thermodynamic instability of nonlinearly charged black holes in gravity's rainbow
Motivated by the violation of Lorentz invariance in quantum gravity, we study black hole solutions in gravity's rainbow in the context of Einstein gravity coupled with various models of nonlinear electrodynamics. We regard an energy dependent spacetime and obtain the related metric functions and electric fields. We show that there is an essential singularity at the origin which is covered by an event horizon. We also compute the conserved and thermodynamical quantities and examine the validity of the first law of thermodynamics in the presence of rainbow functions. Finally, we investigate the thermal stability conditions for these black hole solutions in the context of canonical ensemble. We show that the thermodynamical structure of the solutions depends on the choices of nonlinearity parameters, charge, and energy functions. (orig.)
Thermodynamics of higher spin black holes in AdS3
de Boer, Jan; Jottar, Juan I.
2014-01-01
We discuss the thermodynamics of recently constructed three-dimensional higher spin black holes in SL( N, ) × SL( N, ) Chern-Simons theory with generalized asymptotically-anti-de Sitter boundary conditions. From a holographic perspective, these bulk theories are dual to two-dimensional CFTs with WN symmetry algebras, and the black hole solutions are dual to thermal states with higher spin chemical potentials and charges turned on. Because the notion of horizon area is not gauge-invariant in the higher spin theory, the traditional approaches to the computation of black hole entropy must be reconsidered. One possibility, explored in the recent literature, involves demanding the existence of a partition function in the CFT, and consistency with the first law of thermodynamics. This approach is not free from ambiguities, however, and in particular different definitions of energy result in different expressions for the entropy. In the present work we show that there are natural definitions of the thermodynamically conjugate variables that follow from careful examination of the variational principle, and moreover agree with those obtained via canonical methods. Building on this intuition, we derive general expressions for the higher spin black hole entropy and free energy which are written entirely in terms of the Chern-Simons connections, and are valid for both static and rotating solutions. We compare our results to other proposals in the literature, and provide a new and efficient way to determine the generalization of the Cardy formula to a situation with higher spin charges.
Thermodynamics of higher spin black holes in AdS3
We discuss the thermodynamics of recently constructed three-dimensional higher spin black holes in SL(N,ℝ)×SL(N,ℝ) Chern-Simons theory with generalized asymptotically-anti-de Sitter boundary conditions. From a holographic perspective, these bulk theories are dual to two-dimensional CFTs with WN symmetry algebras, and the black hole solutions are dual to thermal states with higher spin chemical potentials and charges turned on. Because the notion of horizon area is not gauge-invariant in the higher spin theory, the traditional approaches to the computation of black hole entropy must be reconsidered. One possibility, explored in the recent literature, involves demanding the existence of a partition function in the CFT, and consistency with the first law of thermodynamics. This approach is not free from ambiguities, however, and in particular different definitions of energy result in different expressions for the entropy. In the present work we show that there are natural definitions of the thermodynamically conjugate variables that follow from careful examination of the variational principle, and moreover agree with those obtained via canonical methods. Building on this intuition, we derive general expressions for the higher spin black hole entropy and free energy which are written entirely in terms of the Chern-Simons connections, and are valid for both static and rotating solutions. We compare our results to other proposals in the literature, and provide a new and efficient way to determine the generalization of the Cardy formula to a situation with higher spin charges
Pankovic, Vladan; Predojevic, Milan; Ivanovic, Aleksandar-Meda
2008-01-01
In this work, generalizing our previous results, we determine in an original and the simplest way three most important thermodynamical characteristics (Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, Bekenstein quantization of the entropy or (outer) horizon surface area and Hawking temperature) of Schwarzschild, Kerr and Reissner-Nordstrom black hole. We start physically by assumption that circumference of black hole (outer) horizon holds the natural (integer) number of corresponding reduced Compton's wave length and use mathematically only simple algebraic equations. (It is conceptually similar to Bohr's quantization postulate in Bohr's atomic model interpreted by de Broglie relation.)
Mahamat Saleh; Bouetou Bouetou Thomas; Timoleon Crepin Kofane
2011-01-01
We investigate quasi-local energy distribution and thermodynamics of the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole space-time surrounded by quintessence.We use the quasi-local energy distribution from Einstein energy-momentum complex.We plot the variation of the energies, temperature and heat capacity with the state parameter related to the quintessence ωq.We show that due to the presence of quintessence, the total energy of the outer region as well as the temperature and heat capacity decreases with the increase of the density of quintessence, while the total energy of the black hole region increases.
Thermodynamics of spinning AdS4 black holes in gauged supergravity
Toldo, Chiara
2016-01-01
In this paper we study the thermodynamics of rotating black hole solutions arising from four-dimensional gauged N=2 supergravity. We analyze two different supergravity models, characterized by prepotentials $F = -i X^0 X^1$ and $F= -2i \\sqrt{X^0 (X^1)^3}$. The black hole configurations are supported by electromagnetic charges and scalar fields with different kinds of boundary conditions. We perform our analysis in the canonical ensemble, where we find a first order phase transition for a suit...
Olga Kichakova
2015-07-01
Full Text Available We investigate the thermodynamics of spherically symmetric black hole solutions in a four-dimensional Einstein–Yang–Mills-SU(2 theory with a negative cosmological constant. Special attention is paid to configurations with a unit magnetic charge. We find that a set of Reissner–Nordström–Anti-de Sitter black holes can become unstable to forming non-Abelian hair. However, the hairy black holes are never thermodynamically favoured over the full set of abelian monopole solutions. The thermodynamics of the generic configurations possessing a noninteger magnetic charge is also discussed.
Thermodynamic product formula for Hořava–Lifshitz black hole
We examine the thermodynamic properties of inner and outer horizons in the background of Hořava–Lifshitz black hole. We compute the horizon radii product, the surface area product, the entropy product, the surface temperature product, the Komar energy product and the specific heat product for both the horizons. We show that surface area product, entropy product and irreducible mass product are universal (mass-independent) quantities, whereas the surface temperature product, Komar energy product and specific heat product are not universal quantities because they all depend on mass parameter. We further study the stability of such black hole by computing the specific heat for both the horizons. It has been observed that under certain condition the black hole possesses second order phase transition
Phase transition in extended thermodynamic phase space and charged Horava-Lifshitz black holes
Poshteh, Mohammad Bagher Jahani
2016-01-01
For charged black holes in Horava-Lifshitz gravity, it is shown that a second order phase transition takes place in extended phase space. We study the behavior of specific heat and free energy at the point of transition in canonical and grand canonical ensembles and show that the black hole falls into a state which is locally and globally stable. We relate the second order nature of phase transition to the fact that the phase transition occurs at a sharp temperature and not over a temperature interval. By taking cosmological constant as thermodynamic pressure for charged black holes, we extend Ehrenfest's equations. We obtain nine equations and show that, all of them are satisfied at the point in which the specific heat diverges. We also apply geometrothermodynamics to extended phase space and show that the scalar curvature of Quevedo metric diverges at the point at which the second order phase transition takes place.
Thermodynamic analysis of non-linear Reissner-Nordstrom black holes
Cembranos, Jose A R; Jarillo, Javier
2015-01-01
In the present article we study the Inverse Electrodynamics Model. This model is a gauge and parity invariant non-linear Electrodynamics theory, which respects the conformal invariance of standard Electrodynamics. This modified Electrodynamics model, when minimally coupled to General Relativity, is compatible with static and spherically symmetric Reissner-Nordstrom-like black-hole solutions. However, these black-hole solutions present more complex thermodynamic properties than their Reissner-Nordstrom black-hole solutions counterparts in standard Electrodynamics. In particular, in the Inverse Model a new stability region, with both the heat capacity and the free energy negative, arises. Moreover, unlike the scenario in standard Electrodynamics, a sole transition phase is possible for a suitable choice in the set of parameters of these solutions.
Temperature and thermodynamic structure of Einstein's equations for a cosmological black hole
Bhattacharya, Krishnakanta; Majhi, Bibhas Ranjan
2016-07-01
It is expected that the cosmological black holes are the closest realistic solutions of gravitational theories and they evolve with time. Moreover, the natural way of defining thermodynamic entities for the stationary ones is not applicable in the case of a time dependent spacetime. Here we confine our discussion within the Sultana-Dyer metric, which is a cosmological black hole solution of Einstein's gravity. In the literature, there exist two expressions of horizon temperature—one is time dependent and the other does not depend on time. To single out the correct one we find the temperature by studying the Hawking effect in the tunneling formalism. This leads to time dependent structure. After identifying the correct one, Einstein's equations are written on the horizon and we show that this leads to the first law of thermodynamics. In this process the expressions for horizon entropy and energy, obtained earlier by explicit calculations, are being used. This provides the evidence that Einstein's equations have thermodynamic structure even for a cosmological black hole spacetime. Moreover, this study further clarifies the correctness of the expressions for the thermodynamic quantities, like temperature, entropy, and internal energy.
Spacetime Duality of BTZ Black Hole
Ho, Jeongwon; Kim, Won T.; Park, Young-Jai
1999-01-01
We consider the duality of the quasilocal black hole thermodynamics, explicitly the quasilocal black hole thermodynamic first law, in BTZ black hole solution as a special one of the three-dimensional low energy effective string theory.
Miao, Yan-Gang; Xu, Zhen-Ming
2015-01-01
Considering non-Gaussian smeared matter distributions, we investigate thermodynamic behaviors of the noncommutative high-dimensional Schwarzschild-Tangherlini anti-de Sitter black hole, and obtain the condition for the existence of extreme black holes. We indicate that the Gaussian smeared matter distribution, which is a special case of non-Gaussian smeared matter distributions, is not applicable for the 6- and higher-dimensional black holes due to the hoop conjecture. In particular, the phas...