Sample records for biographies

  1. Transnational biographies

    Apitzsch, Ursula; Siouti, Irini


    "In this paper we discuss the concept of transnational biographies in migration studies. We use a biographical case study from the relatively new research field of advancement through education to explore that a transnational biography is not just a product of subjectivity but also a way of gaining access to invisible but nonetheless objective structures of transnational migration spaces. Our thesis is that the discovery and use of a transnational European educational space made it possible f...

  2. Freud and Literary Biography.

    Ellman, Richard


    Sigmund Freud's attitudes about writing biographies of authors, and the influence of Freud's work on the interpretations of creativity, are discussed in relation to biographies of and by a number of writers. It is proposed that Freud's contributions, used carefully, have served to enlighten biography. (MSE)

  3. Arnold Hauser - a biography

    Larsen, Mihail

    It seems reasonable to regard Arnold Hauser's own biography in three different stories. First an official one, dealing with his public appearance through his publications. Another story has to be told about his personal life concentrating on his relationships with other intellectuals important to...... his biography. The last story deals with his self-estimation as an intellectual in a modern society....

  4. Social Biography and Research.

    Crepeau, Elizabeth Blesedell


    A researcher's life experiences cannot help but influence the research process. Including elements of one's social biography in research reports helps readers identify how a researcher's history and biases shaped the study. (SK)

  5. Exhibiting Mozart: Rethinking Biography

    Spring, Ulrike


    Abstract: The article analyses the new permanent exhibition in the composer Wolfgang A. Mozart’s apartment in Vienna, opened in 2006, from the curator’s perspective. The exhibition presents an approach to biographical display in which the exhibited person becomes part of a multifaceted web of contexts, and the article argues for the active deployment of the polysemic character of objects as a means of grasping the complexity of a person’s biography. Presenting a concept for the...

  6. The universe a biography

    Gribbin, John


    The Universe: A Biography makes cosmology accessible to everyone. John Gribbin navigates the latest frontiers of scientific discovery to tell us what we really know about the history of the universe. Along the way, he describes how the universe began; what the early universe looked like; how its structure developed; and what emerged to hold it all together. He describes where the elements came from; how stars and galaxies formed; and the story of how life emerged. He even looks to the future: is the history of the universe going to end with a Big Crunch or a Big Rip.

  7. Albert Einstein a biography

    Fölsing, Albrecht


    Albert Einstein's achievements are not just milestones in the history of science; decades ago they became an integral part of the twentieth-century world in which we live. Like no other modern physicist he altered and expanded our understanding of nature. Like few other scholars, he stood fully in the public eye. In a world changing with dramatic rapidity, he embodied the role of the scientist by personal example. Albrecht Folsing, relying on previously unknown sources and letters, brings Einstein's "genius" into focus. Whereas former biographies, written in the tradition of the history of science, seem to describe a heroic Einstein who fell to earth from heaven, Folsing attempts to reconstruct Einstein's thought in the context of the state of research at the turn of the century. Thus, perhaps for the first time, Einstein's surroundings come to light.

  8. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen: A biography; Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen: Biographie

    Leicht, H.


    The author of this biography attempts to throw some light on the personality of Wilhelm Roentgen. The book describes how Roentgen gained celebrity for his discoveries, but also the problems he encountered in his early scientific career. (orig.) [Deutsch] In der Biographie laesst der Autor den menschlichen Zuegen Roentgens breiten Raum. Das Buch schildert, wie Roentgen aufgrund seiner Entdeckung Beruehmtheit erlangte. Es zeigt jedoch nicht nur die Hoehepunkte im Leben Roentgens, sondern auch seinen schweren Weg zum Wissenschaftler. (orig.)

  9. Julius Petersen 1839-1910. A Biography

    Lützen, Jesper; Sabidussi, Gert; Toft, Bjarne


    A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics.......A biography of the Danish mathematician Julius Petersen and an analysis of his contributions to the development of mathematics....

  10. Difficulties of Biography Writing: A Philosophical Approach

    TAŞDELEN, Vefa


    In this article can be also entitled “Difficulties of Biography Writing: A Philosophical Approach” what biography and biography writing means will be dealt with from a partly existentialist and hermeneutic view point by taking questions such as; “what is biography?”, “why human beings want to understand the other?”, “what is the nature of biography: is it history or literature?” into consideration. In this respect; knowledge value, art value, ethical value, existential value and educational v...

  11. Bookshelf. John Adams biography

    Full text: When John Bertram Adams died on 3 March 1984, CERN lost one of its principal architects. The late Sir John Adams was a very private person who rarely confided in his colleagues. This made the job of his biographer particularly difficult. Michael Crowley- Milling has succeeded admirably, and has performed a very important service. Is it a potted history of CERN, or the story of the building of the PS, or of the SPS? Yes, all of these, but most of all it is a thoughtful and discerning biography and a fitting tribute to a veritable giant of European science and technology. The sub-title,' Engineer Extraordinary' refers not only to John's outstanding ability as a builder of accelerators, but perhaps even more importantly, as a builder of teams and an 'engineer of opinions'. The book describes how John's attention to detail and intuitive engineering skills developed during the early part of his career, when working in radar research, and how he emerged as a natural leader in the building of the CERN PS. Then later, how his statesmanship enabled him to ''...rescue it (the 300 GeV Programme) from seeming political disaster and nurse it through technical problems to a successful conclusion.'' One crucial part of this process described is the visit to CERN in 1970 by Margaret Thatcher, at that time UK Secretary of State for Education and Science, and her subsequent letters of thanks, not only to Bernard Gregory as Director General, but also to John. It is interesting to speculate to what extent the good impression made on that occasion helped many years later, when as Prime Minister Mrs Thatcher decided that Britain should stay in CERN! After the successful commissioning of the SPS, the book goes on to describe the period when the two CERN Laboratories were merged under two Directors General. Unfortunately I found this part a little too low key, given that John and Leon van Hove presided over what was undoubtedly

  12. Gauß eine Biographie

    Mania, Hubert


    Daniel Kehlmann hat ihn wiederentdeckt, den bedeutendsten Mathematiker der Neuzeit: Karl Friedrich Gauß (1777 1855). Seine überragenden wissenschaftlichen Leistungen waren schon seinen Zeitgenossen bewusst. Da Gauß jedoch nur einen Bruchteil seiner Entdeckungen veröffentlichte, erschloss sich erst der Nachwelt die Tiefgründigkeit und Reichweite seines Werks. Hubert Mania schildert in dieser ersten umfassenden Biographie die Geschichte eines genialen Wissenschaftlers und zugleich eine ganze Epoche. Gauß war ein Mann, der in einer Welt des Aufbruchs völlig zurückgezogen lebte. Dabei hat er wie kaum ein anderer unsere Sicht der Welt revolutioniert. Als Erster formulierte er eine nichteuklidische Geometrie und schuf damit die unentbehrliche Grundlage zu Einsteins Entwicklung der allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie. Eine glänzend geschriebene Biographie des weltberühmten und doch so unbekannten Genies Karl Friedrich Gauß.

  13. Biographies


    DANIÈLE BERTON-CHARRIÈRE Danièle Berton-Charrière est professeur à l’université Blaise Pascal de Clermont- Ferrand. Spécialiste du théâtre élisabéthain et jacobéen, elle a soutenu une thèse d’État sur Cyril Tourneur. Ses travaux de recherche portent sur le théâtre (jusqu’à l’époque contemporaine), l’intertextualité et l’intersémioticité. Elle a co-dirigé Expression contemporaine et représentation (s) dans le théâtre anglophone (2006) et Création théâtrale : schèmes, traduction, adaptation (20...

  14. Encyclopedias of Astronomical Biographies - Status and Prospects --

    Dick, W. R.

    Simple requests for biographies of famous astronomers can easily be satisfied. Short accounts of their lives are to be found in many books and encyclopedias. However, most of these sources are very incomplete, i. e.\\ do not provide information on less famous persons, and are not up to scientific standards. The most comprehensive sources of scientific biographies, Poggendorffs Biographisch-Literarisches Handwoerterbuch and Dictionary of Scientific Biography, are also not complete, partly not up-to-date and for most users not easily accessible. The most recent and most comprehensive dictionary of astronomical biography, containing 500 short entries, was written in Russian. Although a lot of information on biographies is available in publications, these are spread over thousands of volumes. There is no bibliography of these papers and books. During the last three years, short biographies of astronomers were also published in the World Wide Web. Some of these are on a very high scientific level. The author's collection of links to such WWW pages (\\_astr/ ha\\_pers.html}) contains currently several thousand entries for more than 1200 persons related to the history of astronomy. This electronic ``encyclopedia'' in distributed form is now the most comprehensive and concentrated source for astronomical biographies. However, there are several problems arising from the electronic form of publication and from the uncoordinated and not always qualified efforts of the authors. The paper will discuss proposals, plans and first results of filling the gaps and increasing the quality, as well as some principal problems of writing short biographies and making them available to the public.

  15. Magnus Hirschfeld, his biographies and the possibilities and boundaries of "biography" as "doing history.".

    Brennan, Toni; Hegarty, Peter


    This article considers the two major biographies of sexologist Magnus Hirschfeld, MD (1868-1935), an early campaigner for "gay rights" avant la lettre. Like him, his first biographer Charlotte Wolff (1897-1986) was a Jewish doctor who lived and worked in Weimar Republic Berlin and fled Germany when the Nazi regime came to power. When researching Hirschfeld's biography (published in English in 1986) Wolff met a librarian and gay activist, Manfred Herzer, who would eventually be a cofounder of the Gay Museum in Berlin and publish (in German, in 1992) the other major Hirschfeld biography currently available. Using, inter alia, the correspondence between Wolff and Herzer, the article aims to explore and interrogate the boundaries and possibilities of "biography" as a form of "doing history." PMID:20422759

  16. Selected translations and analysis of "Further biographies of nuns"


    ‘Further Biographies of Nuns’ was compiled by Master Zhenhua (1908 -1947) in the 1940s and presents the biographies of 200 Buddhist nuns from the Liang Dynasty (502-557) to the Republic of China (1912-1949). This thesis presents the translation of twelve biographies from ‘Further Biographies of Nuns.’ Though the Buddhist monks of China have been a source for many biographies and studies by both Asian and Western scholars throughout history, Chinese Buddhist nuns have received little atte...

  17. Irrepressible Reformer: A Biography of Melvil Dewey.

    Wiegand, Wayne A.

    This book is a biography of Melvil Dewey, the man behind the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Tracing Dewey's life and early influences that shaped it, the book explores Dewey's employment experiences, enterprises, and innovations and present a range of views on them; he was seen as an organizational genius but also as arrogant, manipulative,…

  18. Virgil: Reception and the Myth of Biography

    Laird, Andrew


    Ideas of Virgil´s `reception´ and of his mythical `biography´ can both be illuminated by an exploration of Virgil´s role as a constructed character in his own poetry. The consensus between some earlier Roman responses to Virgil and the traditions of commentary on the poet from later in antiquity informs the following discussion of the poet´s individual presence in the performance and reception of his work. Earlier sources, which show an interest in the development of Virgil´s work...

  19. Being Teddy Roosevelt: Exploring Biographies and Overcoming Life's Obstacles

    Zarnowski, Myra


    In this article, the author demonstrates how students can use biographies in developing their own personal strengths of character. Because biographies raise issues in context, they provide excellent material for thinking about character traits. Books like those discussed in this article show how people living in actual situations made decisions…

  20. Ethnomusicological biography of the traditional folk musician: Biography of the gusle-player

    Lajić-Mihajlović Danka


    Full Text Available With the development of ethnomusicology from a comparative discipline to an anthropologically oriented science there has been an increase in the significance of the biography of folk musicians as scientific sources. The intention of the anthropological thought to accept and theoretically consider human nature as open and dynamic, has been realized in the ethnomusicological plane through the understanding of music as a product of thinking and behaviour of a particular musician in given circumstances. The concept of an artist is especially complex in the field of oral music culture, where creation and performance are connected in one person and the transferring process involves direct communication. The attempt to overcome the dichotomy of the musicological and sociological, i. e. anthropological attitude in ethnomusicology by synthesizing concepts which involve music, culture and man has brought particular importance to the relations between individual biographies and 'biographies of the collective' - relevant historical ethnological, anthropological, sociological, culturological, religion ideological and other types of data. Observations enlightening the social side of the folk musician's personality make the necessary 'frame' for the biography: from 'objective' social circumstances which modelled it to the opinion of the cultural environment about his performing. The folk musician's biography oriented towards ethnomusicology involves the result of a critical evaluation of the picture based on the emic and ethic vision autobiographical data and the observations of others, primarily researchers. The complexity of a biographical discourse in ethnomusicology can be perfectly seen in the example of the gusle-player's biography, as a genre-determined solo role in the tradition. For studying the relation between a person and a style of music expression, concerning gusle-players it is important to bear in mind the change in the profile of gusle

  1. Telling Lives in Science: Essays on Scientific Biography

    This collection of ten essays by historians of science, several of them biographers, is concerned with the role of scientific biography in forming conceptions of science and scientists. The essays include studies of the biographies of individual scientists, assessments of the aims and style of scientific portraits in different historical contexts, examinations of changing biographical interpretations of scientists, and much discussion of the methodological issues involved in the writing of scientific biographies. Many historians consider biography to be an ambiguous genre, its appeal based on nostalgia rather than history, with a focus on personality rather than historical context, but the biographer can reply that scientific biography reveals the practice of science at its most fundamental level. Indeed, scientific biography has provided a powerful medium in which public conceptions of science have been established. Einstein observed that 'the essential being of a man of my type lies in what he thinks and how he thinks', and his Autobiographical Notes suppress personality in favour of physics. But the biographer may see matters differently, and wish to integrate the public and the private life of the scientist. In their substantial introduction the editors discuss these and other problems, and the book is directed to the professional concerns of historians of science. While there is little here on the history of physics, Geoffrey Cantor's essay on public images of Faraday as constructed in popular biographies, a discussion of conflicting portraits of Faraday as romantic genius or hard-working slogger, may interest readers of this journal. (book review)

  2. Biographies of Albert Einstein -- Mastermind of Theoretical Physics

    Weinstein, Galina


    Over the years many have written biographies of Einstein. They all based their biographies on primary sources, archival material: memories and letters of people who were in contact with Einstein, Einstein's own recollections; interviews that Einstein had given over the years, and letters of Einstein to his friends - youth friends like Marcel Grossman and Michele Besso and later friends and colleagues like Heinrich Zangger; and especially his love letters with Mileva Mari\\'c. One can demarcate...

  3. Re-Writing Composers' Lives: Critical Historiography and Musical Biography

    Wiley, Christopher


    Recent musicological discourse, while frequently considering issues of historiography and canonicity, has seldom critically engaged with biography as a genre of documentary significance to reception history for its attempts to shape public opinion of its subjects. In consequence, modern musicology has often taken for granted many tendencies and preoccupations that accumulated in musical biography in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This thesis presents a historiographical ex...

  4. A biography of Wolfgang Ernest Pauli

    This article presents a short biography of Pauli in which we find the most important facts of his scientific career and some stunning sides of his personality. Pauli was born in 1900 in Vienna in an intellectual family. He was very soon interested in physics. At the age of 21 he published a relevant article on relativity, and the same year he presented a doctorate thesis on the quantum description of the H2+ molecular ion. As soon as 1925, Pauli discovered the exclusion principle (for which he will receive the Nobel prize in 1945), and was the first to calculate the energy levels of the hydrogen atom by using the Heisenberg formalism. In 1930, he suggested the existence of an unknown particle (the neutrino) to explain the continuous spectrum of the beta decay. In 1934, he found a link between the spin and the quantum statistics that is now called the spin-statistic theorem. Pauli died in december 1958 from a pancreas tumor. (A.C.)

  5. Notes on the Method of World-System Biography

    Kevan Harris


    Full Text Available C. Wright Mills boiled the social sciences down to one sentence: “They are attempts to help us understand biography and history, and the connections between the two in a variety of social structures.” This special issue considers biography as an fruitful entry point into macro-historical sociology. With lineages from Marx and Weber to Wallerstein and Bourdieu, the sociology of the individual can produce a clearer path between the muddy oppositions of structure and agency or the longue durée and the event. This special issue unbinds biography from methodological nationalism and the teleology of great men tales. Instead, we aim to show how individuals are "a world within a world," an acting subject structured within world historical time and place.

  6. Polish-Jewish and Jewish-Polish Biographies: Repeated Reconnaissance

    Agnieszka Czyżak


    Full Text Available The article contains reflections on changes in biographical writing, especially biography of persons of heterogenous ethnic identity. The biographies are not only reconstructions of an individual’s life, but also a clear testimony and reflection of changes in collective consciousness. It turns out that biographies also discover, in a peculiar way, the author’s identity, who, in the process of selection and creation of a biographical text, reveals a part of their own history. This aspect is clearly seen in texts by second and third generation Holocaust survivors, and is demonstrated by interpretations of Magdalena Tulli’s Włoskie szpilki [Italian High Heels] and Piotr Paziński’s Pensjonat [Boarding house].

  7. The Underdog Effect: The Marketing of Disadvantage and Determination through Brand Biography

    Neeru Paharia; Anat Keinan; Jill Avery; Juliet B. Schor


    We introduce the concept of an underdog brand biography to describe an emerging trend in branding in which firms author a historical account of their humble origins, lack of resources, and determined struggle against the odds. We identify two essential dimensions of an underdog biography: external disadvantage, and passion and determination. We demonstrate that such a biography can increase purchase intentions, real choice, and brand loyalty. We argue that these biographies are effective beca...

  8. Notes on the Method of World-System Biography

    Kevan Harris; Brendan McQuade


    C. Wright Mills boiled the social sciences down to one sentence: “They are attempts to help us understand biography and history, and the connections between the two in a variety of social structures.” This special issue considers biography as an fruitful entry point into macro-historical sociology. With lineages from Marx and Weber to Wallerstein and Bourdieu, the sociology of the individual can produce a clearer path between the muddy oppositions of structure and agency or the longue durée a...

  9. Vadim Kuznetsov. Informal Biography by Eyes of His First Adviser

    Igor V. Komarov


    Full Text Available The paper is dedicated to the memory of prominent theoretical physicist and mathematician Dr. Vadim Kuznetsov who worked, in particular, in the fields of the nonlinear dynamics, separation of variables, integrability theory, special functions. It includes his short research biography, an account of the start of his research career and the list of publications.

  10. Olive Banks and the Collective Biography of British Feminism

    Weiner, Gaby


    This paper considers Olive Banks' work on charting the history and development of British feminism, and particularly her use of collective biography as a research and analytic tool. It is argued that while this has been seen as the least "fashionable" aspect of her work, it took forward C. Wright Mills' contention for one definition of sociology…

  11. Hypatia's Sisters: Biographies of Women Scientists - Past and Present.

    Schacher, Susan

    This booklet gives two- or three-page biographies of seventeen women scientists. They range in history from Agnodice (physician, 300 B.B.) to Jane Goodall (born 1934). In addition, brief sketches are given of twenty-three other women scientists. This anthology is intended to fill a need for curriculum materials and literature that provide positive…

  12. Nuclear pursuits: The scientific biography of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis

    The scientific life of Wilfrid Bennett Lewis. The biography covers Lewis's role in the development of radar, his tenure as the Chief Superintendent of the Telecommunications Research Establishment at Malvern through his heading of the then fledgling Canadian nuclear research facility in Chalk River, Ontario. Lewis's drive, intelligence, and remarkable organizational skills placed him at the forefront of Canada's nuclear program. His influence lead to a collaboration between Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Ontario Hydro that ultimately resulted in the development of the CANDU reactor. His influence was also profound in the near by town of Deep River with one prime legacy being the W.B. Lewis Library. Lewis's bibliography is included in the biography

  13. Encouraging adolescents toward Mental Health Careers via Website Biographies

    Willcockson, Irmi; Shankar, Prabhu R.V.; Cynthia L. Phelps; Johnson, Craig W.


    This project designed, developed, implemented and evaluated the effectiveness of an interactive, multi-media website designed to encourage adolescents to consider careers in mental health. This Web-based learning environment features biographies of mental health scientists. Evaluation is conducted in a systematic, structured way using cognitive achievement, usability (ease of use), and affective scales (e.g., fun to use) as outcome measures.

  14. An African (auto)biography: Ama Ata Aidoo's literary quest

    Pujolràs i Noguer, Esther


    An African (Auto)biography: Ama Ata Aidoo's Literary Quest és un estudi exhaustiu del que considero que configura la primera fase de l'obra d'Ama Ata Aidoo, escriptora ghanesa. El text que marca la primera fase del desenvolupament i consolidació de la veu d'Aidoo és Our Sister Killjoy or Reflections from a Black-eyed Squint, un text inclassificable genèricament i una presència indiscutible en la literatura africana anglòfona. La tasca d'escriure que envolta a escriptors/es es defineix per un...

  15. Efficacy of ACA strategies in biography-driven science teaching: an investigation

    MacDonald, Grizelda L.; Miller, Stuart S.; Murry, Kevin; Herrera, Socorro; Spears, Jacqueline D.


    This study explored the biography-driven approach to teaching culturally and linguistically diverse students in science education. Biography-driven instruction (BDI) embraces student diversity by incorporating students' sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, and academic dimensions of their biographies into the learning process (Herrera in Biography-driven culturally responsive teaching. Teachers College Press, New York, 2010). Strategies have been developed (Herrera, Kavimandan and Holmes in Crossing the vocabulary bridge: differentiated strategies for diverse secondary classrooms. Teachers College Press, New York, 2011) that provide teachers with instructional routines that facilitate BDI. Using systematic classroom observations we empirically demonstrate that these activate, connect, affirm, strategies are likely to be effective in increasing teachers' biography-driven practices. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  16. Athletes confessions: the sports biography as an interaction ritual.

    Thing, L F; Ronglan, L T


    Commercialization of emotions is not a new phenomenon but in Denmark there is a new general trend to tell and sell personal stories in the media. Personal deprivation and crises are also major topics in sports media. This paper focuses on sports biographies as a book genre that is reviving in popularity. The paper approaches the topic through the biographies of one Danish athlete: the former professional cyclist, Jesper Skibby, who writes about his doping disclosure and shares his personal dilemmas as a former elite sportsman. The thematic text analysis orientates around social interactions, emotions, and personality constructions. Inspired by microsociology with a Durkheimian flavor of Goffman and Hochschild, themes including "face work," "interaction rituals," and "emotions management" are discussed. The analysis claims that sharing personal information in the media is not only a means of confession and reclaiming status but is also business and management - on an intimate level. Telling the story of the corrosion of a sporting character has become a hot issue, an entertainment, and not least a commercial commitment. PMID:24673745

  17. A life of Erwin Schroedinger; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Moore, Walter J.


    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientists of the 20th century at all and - a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest in people and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he got the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedinger's cat''. Walter Moore's biography is very close to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his private friendships, his interest in mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  18. The Use of Holiday Biography in Generation-Based ‘Tourism Space’ Research

    Kowalczyk-Anioł, Joanna


    The article presents the concept of generation-based ‘tourism space’ research using the holiday biography method. The author refers to her earlier research conducted among three generations of Łodź families. She discusses the biography method used in the research and approaches it from a geo-biographical point of view, showing possible ways of recording the phenomenon (the particular character of the source material collected) and the various options available at later stages of research - in...

  19. The Physicist and Astronomer Christoper Scheiner - Biography Letters, Works

    Daxecker, Franz

    The Jesuit priest Christopher Scheiner was one of the most influential astronomers of the first half of the 17th century. He was a creative and down-to-earth natural scientist who worked in the fields of astronomy, physics, optics and ophthalmology, while following his vocations as university lecturer, church builder and pastor. In scientific matters he was Galilei's opponent. Their dispute centred on the priority of discovery in regard to the sunspots. Scheiner was not the first to discover the sunspots, but he gave the most detailed account thereofin his main work "Rosa Ursina sive Sol". He was, however, ceaseless in his defense of the geocentric system. In 1891, Anton v.Braunmühl published a biography of Father Scheiner. Ever since then, new documents have come to light, justifying the publication of a new biography. Among the documents now available is Scheiner's hitherto unknown dissertation. Notes taken during his lectures in Ingolstadt provide valuable information on astronomy using the telescope, an invention of his lifetime. His exchange of letters with personalities like Archduke Leopold V of Austria-Tyrol, with scientists like Magini, Galilei, Gassendi, Kepler and confriars Rader, Guldin, Alber, Minutuli, Cysat und Kircher is a source of precious insights. Letters to Scheiner from the Father Generals of his order display evidence of his superiors' zero tolerance for the helincentric system. They also disclose Scheiner's wish to become a missionary in China, the financial difficulties he faced while trying to find a publisher for his "Rosa Ursina sive Sol" and his personal shortcomings. A Scheiner obituary from 1650 was found in Cracow in 2001. It contains information on the troublesome last years of his life and has finally allowed us to determine the year of his birth. Scheiner's personality has been praised as well as criticized by many authors - sometimes depending on their ideological backgrounds. This holds true especially regarding the argument

  20. Representacion E Identidad: Content Analysis of Latina Biographies for Primary and Preadolescent Children Published 1955-2010

    Lara, Margaret A.


    This study discusses the results of a content analysis of 75 Latina biographies for primary and pre-adolescent students that were published over a 16-year period, spanning from 1995 to 2010. Significant to this study was how Latinas were represented in the biographies and what changes can be seen over time. Using a rubric based on research by…

  1. An experimental 'Life' for an experimental life: Richard Waller's biography of Robert Hooke (1705).

    Moxham, Noah


    Richard Waller's 'Life of Dr Robert Hooke', prefixed to his edition of Hooke's Posthumous Works (1705), is an important source for the life of one of the most eminent members of the early Royal Society. It also has the distinction of being one of the earliest biographies of a man of science to be published in English. I argue that it is in fact the first biography to embrace the subject's natural-philosophical work as the centre of his life, and I investigate Waller's reasons for adopting this strategy and his struggle with the problem of how to represent an early experimental philosopher in print. I suggest that Waller eschews the 'Christian philosopher' tradition of contemporary biography - partly because of the unusually diverse and fragmentary nature of Hooke's intellectual output - and draws instead upon the structure of the Royal Society's archive as a means of organizing and understanding Hooke's life. The most quoted phrase from Waller's biography is that Hooke became 'to a crime close and reserved' in later life; this essay argues that Waller's biographical sketch was fashioned in order to undo the effects of that reserve. In modelling his approach very closely on the structure of the society's records he was principally concerned with making Hooke's work and biography accessible, intelligible and useful to the fellowship in a context familiar to them, a context which had provided the institutional framework for most of Hooke's adult life. I argue that Waller's 'Life' was also intended to make the largest claims for Hooke's intellectual standing that the author dared in the context of the enmity between Hooke and Isaac Newton once the latter became president of the Royal Society. However, I also adduce fresh manuscript evidence that Waller actually compiled, but did not publish, a defence of Hooke's claim to have discovered the inverse square law of gravity, allowing us to glimpse a much more assertive biography of Hooke than the published version. PMID

  2. Time and death in compiled adab "biographies"

    Kilpatrick, Hilary


    Full Text Available In mediaeval Arabic belles-lettres (adab, accounts of lives are usually made up of quite short reports akhbār. These akhbār. are arranged in different ways, one of which is chronological order, but the compilers of such accounts apparently accord relative insignificance to chronological order. This paper examines some "biographies" compiled by al-Ṣūlī and Abū 1-Faraj al-Iṣbahānī, showing that temporal progression can exist in a "biographical" presentation, either alone or more often combined with other ways of organising the material. It then focuses on the placing of subjects' deaths in life accounts and on how they are integrated with the rest of the material. In conclusion, I suggest that when temporal progression is absent in "biographical" presentations, this should be seen as reflecting a mediaeval Arabic approach to life writing which differs from modem expectations but has its own rationale.

    En el género árabe medieval del adab (bellas letras, los relatos de vidas están normalmente compuestos a base de pequeñas noticias (ajbār. Estos ajbār están organizados de distintas maneras, una de las cuales es el orden cronológico, aunque los compiladores de tales noticias dan aparentemente poca importancia a tal orden. Este artículo estudia algunas «biografías» recogidas por al-Ṣūlī y Abū 1-Faraŷ al-Iṣbahānī, y muestra que la progresión temporal puede existir en las presentaciones «biográficas», sola o junto con otras formas de organizar el material. En él se analiza también el lugar que las muertes de los personajes ocupan en el relato de sus vidas, y cómo se integran en el resto del material. En conclusión, propongo que si la progresión temporal está ausente en las presentaciones «biográficas», ello se debe a la manera característica que la literatura árabe medieval tiene de enfocar los relatos de vida, que posee su propia lógica, aunque difiera

  3. Mexican and Mexican-American Literature for the Senior High School. Short Story, Novel, Biography.

    San Jose Unified School District, CA.

    Lesson plans for Mexican and Mexican American short stories, novels, and biographies are contained in this curriculum guides designed to supplement traditional literature programs at the senior high school level. Four short stories are reproduced in full, with related lesson plans providing background information, vocabulary terms, reference…

  4. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 4.

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the fourth volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  5. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Author Series, Volume 3.

    Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This is the third volume of the "Biography Today Author Series." Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled with additional information about the birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences,…

  6. The Interplay between Teachers' Biography and Work Context: Effects on Teacher Socialization

    Skerrett, Allison


    In this article, I use the process of self-reflection to examine how my biography influenced my teaching experiences in a particular school context. Drawing on these experiences and the work of scholars in this area, I contend that such self-knowledge is critical for teachers' successful socialization and retention in diverse schooling…

  7. Subjectivity as a play of territorialization: Exploring affective attachments to place through collective biography

    Zábrodská, Kateřina; Ellwood, C.


    Roč. 21, č. 2 (2011), s. 180-191. ISSN 1210-3055 R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP407/10/P146 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : collective biography * subjectivity * territorialization Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  8. Identity and biography as mediators of science and mathematics faculty's involvement in K-12 service

    Skerrett, Allison; Sevian, Hannah


    This article explores aspects of science and mathematics faculty identities and biographies that mediated their involvement in K-12 service. Faculty expressed five motivations for participating in K-12 service—advancing their research agenda, advocating environmental consciousness, desiring to be involved in their children's schools, aspiring to improve their pedagogical practices and promoting equity and social justice.

  9. GENDER AND THE PERSONAL IN POLITICAL BIOGRAPHY Observations from a Dutch Perspective

    Bosch, Mineke


    This article explores the differential meanings of "personal life" in political biographies of men and women, mainly based upon Dutch examples, but making use of international literature. Though there has been a tendency to use personal detail only as a means to advertise and popularize old-fashione

  10. Going to School with Madame Curie and Mr. Einstein: Gender Roles in Children's Science Biographies

    Owens, Trevor


    One of the first places children encounter science and scientists is children's literature. Children's books about science and scientists have, however, received limited scholarly attention. By exploring the history of children's biographies of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein, the two most written about scientist in children's literature, this…

  11. A Short Biography of Paul A. M. Dirac and Historical Development of Dirac Delta Function

    Debnath, Lokenath


    This paper deals with a short biography of Paul Dirac, his first celebrated work on quantum mechanics, his first formal systematic use of the Dirac delta function and his famous work on quantum electrodynamics and quantum statistics. Included are his first discovery of the Dirac relativistic wave equation, existence of positron and the intrinsic…

  12. "Working Lives": The Use of Auto/Biography in the Development of a Sociological Imagination

    Stephenson, Carol; Stirling, John; Wray, David


    This article critically evaluates the attempt of the authors to develop a sociological imagination within first-year undergraduate students studying the discipline of sociology at a British university. Through a sociological analysis of biography and autobiography (of both teachers and students), we attempted to create a quality of mind that would…

  13. Lucretia Mott: Friend of Justice. With a Message from Rosalynn Carter. Picture-book Biography Series.

    Sawyer, Kem Knapp

    An illustrated biography for children features Lucretia Mott, one of the pioneers of the movement for womens' rights. Born in 1793, Lucretia Mott was raised a Quaker; her strong spiritual beliefs underlay her outspoken advocacy of equal rights for women and blacks, and against war. Lucretia became a leader among those who wished to abolish…

  14. A Method for Understanding Their Method: Discovering Scientific Inquiry through Biographies of Famous Scientists

    Fairweather, Elizabeth; Fairweather, Thomas


    Mendel and his peas. Goodall and her chimpanzees. Bentley and his snowflakes. Pasteur and his sheep. Not only do these stories intrigue students, but they also demonstrate the trials and tribulations associated with scientific inquiry. Using scientists' biographies piques student interest while providing an added dimension to their understanding…

  15. The Gendering of Albert Einstein and Marie Curie in Children's Biographies: Some Tensions

    Wilson, Rachel E.; Jarrard, Amber R.; Tippins, Deborah J.


    Few twentieth century scientists have generated as much interest as Albert Einstein and Marie Currie. Their lives are centrally depicted in numerous children's biographies of famous scientists. Yet their stories reflect interesting paradoxes and tacit sets of unexplored sociocultural assumptions about gender in science education and the larger…

  16. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 8.

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This volume provides biographies on sports figures. Each entry offers at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences, hobbies, and honors and awards. Each entry ends with a list of…

  17. Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Sports Series, Volume 7.

    Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

    This volume provides biographies on sports figures. Each entry offers at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead to information on birth, youth, early memories, education, first jobs, marriage and family, career highlights, memorable experiences, hobbies, and honors and awards. Each entry ends with a list of…

  18. Spaces, Trajectories, Maps: Towards a World-Systems Biography of Immanuel Wallerstein

    Georgi Derluguian


    World-systems analysis, although itself a macrohistorical perspective, eminently allows for writing individual biographies because these are structurally conditioned and historically contingent trajectories developing in specific time and space. The biographical genre seems particularly useful in intellectual popularization and in exploring how macro-level concepts behave in observed empirical situations. This article offers and demonstrates specific recommendations and methodological warning...

  19. Beyond Heroes and Role Models: Using Biographies to Develop Young Change Agents

    Meyers, Laura E.; Holbrook, Teri; May, Laura A.


    Reading, writing, and discussing biographies provide unique opportunities for teachers and students. Critical thinking can be developed through questioning, predicting, and analyzing various biographical mediums--texts, photographs and illustrations, book reviews, websites, films, news articles, etc.--to learn more about an individual's life…

  20. Biography-Driven Strategies as the Great Equalizer: Universal Conditions that Promote K-12 Culturally Responsive Teaching

    Fanning, Cristina A.


    Full Text Available The growing number of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD students entering our public school system demands a new pedagogical framework for teaching and learning. With its emphasis on all four dimensions of the CLD student biography (sociocultural, linguistic, cognitive, academic, biography-driven culturally responsive teaching (Herrera, 2010 addresses the limited attention currently devoted to second language learning issues in the literature and research related to culturally responsive pedagogy. This study investigates the use of biography-driven instructional (BDI strategies by 58 general education teachers at the elementary and secondary levels with CLD students in their classrooms using the Biography-Driven Performance Rubric, which measures enactment of teaching standards and educational best practices. Findings indicate that the use of BDI strategies can facilitate the practical actualization of culturallyresponsive teaching. Findings also suggest that implementation of BDI strategies can help teachers overcome challenges that are unique to secondary settings as they accommodate the assets and needs of CLD learners.

  1. Screening Jane. When History, Biography and Fiction create a Cinematic Life.

    Roberta Grandi


    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the interesting technique of adaptation of the film Becoming Jane, a biopic on the life of Jane Austen, released in 2007. Loosely based on Jon Spence's biography Becoming Jane Austen, the film faces the problem of the scarcity of information on Jane Austen's life through a technique that, if not original nor always satisfying, is nevertheless worth being studied. By recurring to the character descriptions and the anecdotes narrated in the novels, the film (and Spence's book too "fills in the blanks" in Austen's life by adding touches of romance with questionable historical accuracy and fictionalizes the writer's biography in order to adapt it to the stereotype of modern romantic film heroines.

  2. The scientometric biography of a leading scientist working on the field of bio-energy

    Konur, Ozcan [Sirnak University Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Turkey)], email:


    This paper presents a scientometric biography of a Turkish scientist, Prof. Dr. Ayhan Demirbas, who is a leading figure in the field of bio-energy. It describes the method and importance of doing such biographies and suggests that there are too few of them, this one being the first in this specific area. It provides insight into the individual, his work, his research and links in his field of studies and research. Prof. Dr. Demirbas has spent almost three decades in research, particularly in the field of bio-energy. He has researched and taught in the field of renewable energies including biodiesels, biofuels, biomass pyrolysis, liquefaction and gasification, biogas, bioalcohols, and biohydrogen. He has also studied a great variety of subjects, such as the development of pulp from plants, chemical and engineering thermodynamics, chemical and energy education, global climate change, drinking water and cereal analyses. He has published 454 articles as of 2011.

  3. Dr. William Gates, Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Biography


    Biography of Dr. William Gates, Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. Dr. William (Bill) Gates, Associate Professor and Associate Dean of Research, was appointed the Dean of the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy (GSBPP) effective February 1, 2009. A graduate of Yale University (Ph.D.) and UC San Diego, Dr. Gates has been a professor of economics in GSBPP since 1988. Prior to joining NPS he was an economist at the Jet...

  4. Screening Jane. When History, Biography and Fiction create a Cinematic Life.

    Roberta Grandi


    This paper analyzes the interesting technique of adaptation of the film Becoming Jane, a biopic on the life of Jane Austen, released in 2007. Loosely based on Jon Spence's biography Becoming Jane Austen, the film faces the problem of the scarcity of information on Jane Austen's life through a technique that, if not original nor always satisfying, is nevertheless worth being studied. By recurring to the character descriptions and the anecdotes narrated in the novels, the film (and Spence's boo...

  5. Musicians’ profession-related health issues and their evolving transformative learning through biography

    Smilde, Rineke


    Within a study on ‘musicians as lifelong learners’, explorative biographical research was used. When analysing the learning biographies informed by grounded theory, the emergence of profession-related health issues was striking. More than half of the portrayed musicians suffered from both physical and psychological problems, the latter mostly consisting of performance anxiety (stage fright), which was often connected to low self-esteem. However creative coping strategies were also frequently ...

  6. Book review: The great rivalry: Gladstone and Disraeli: a dual biography

    Berry, Richard


    "The Great Rivalry: Gladstone and Disraeli: A Dual Biography." Dick Leonard. IB Tauris. June 2013. --- Benjamin Disraeli and William Ewart Gladstone are without doubt the two most iconic figures of Victorian politics, whose distinctly different personalities and policies led to 28 years of bitter political rivalry. In The Great Rivalry, Dick Leonard aims to provide the full story of their rivalry and its origins, comparing the upbringing, education and personalities of the two leaders, as wel...

  7. Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies.

    Yu, Amy Zhao; Ronen, Shahar; Hu, Kevin; Lu, Tiffany; Hidalgo, César A


    We present the Pantheon 1.0 dataset: a manually verified dataset of individuals that have transcended linguistic, temporal, and geographic boundaries. The Pantheon 1.0 dataset includes the 11,341 biographies present in more than 25 languages in Wikipedia and is enriched with: (i) manually verified demographic information (place and date of birth, gender) (ii) a taxonomy of occupations classifying each biography at three levels of aggregation and (iii) two measures of global popularity including the number of languages in which a biography is present in Wikipedia (L), and the Historical Popularity Index (HPI) a metric that combines information on L, time since birth, and page-views (2008-2013). We compare the Pantheon 1.0 dataset to data from the 2003 book, Human Accomplishments, and also to external measures of accomplishment in individual games and sports: Tennis, Swimming, Car Racing, and Chess. In all of these cases we find that measures of popularity (L and HPI) correlate highly with individual accomplishment, suggesting that measures of global popularity proxy the historical impact of individuals. PMID:26731133

  8. Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies

    Yu, Amy Zhao; Ronen, Shahar; Hu, Kevin; Lu, Tiffany; Hidalgo, César A.


    We present the Pantheon 1.0 dataset: a manually verified dataset of individuals that have transcended linguistic, temporal, and geographic boundaries. The Pantheon 1.0 dataset includes the 11,341 biographies present in more than 25 languages in Wikipedia and is enriched with: (i) manually verified demographic information (place and date of birth, gender) (ii) a taxonomy of occupations classifying each biography at three levels of aggregation and (iii) two measures of global popularity including the number of languages in which a biography is present in Wikipedia (L), and the Historical Popularity Index (HPI) a metric that combines information on L, time since birth, and page-views (2008–2013). We compare the Pantheon 1.0 dataset to data from the 2003 book, Human Accomplishments, and also to external measures of accomplishment in individual games and sports: Tennis, Swimming, Car Racing, and Chess. In all of these cases we find that measures of popularity (L and HPI) correlate highly with individual accomplishment, suggesting that measures of global popularity proxy the historical impact of individuals. PMID:26731133

  9. The biography genre: a proposal of work from the rewriting process

    Débora Sodré Esper


    Full Text Available This article aims to show a proposal of work with the biography genre together with text revision. It is based on studies related to the teaching-learning process of text production and on the theory of discourse genres (BAKHTIN, 1997. This work made use of 19 compositions by students of the 4th grade of Elementary School (ES from a private school of Maringá, Paraná State, and counted with the conduction of a survey on the main problems shown; from the results, a series of activities aiming at the learning of the genre referred was proposed.

  10. Spaces, Trajectories, Maps: Towards a World-Systems Biography of Immanuel Wallerstein

    Georgi Derluguian


    Full Text Available World-systems analysis, although itself a macrohistorical perspective, eminently allows for writing individual biographies because these are structurally conditioned and historically contingent trajectories developing in specific time and space. The biographical genre seems particularly useful in intellectual popularization and in exploring how macro-level concepts behave in observed empirical situations. This article offers and demonstrates specific recommendations and methodological warnings in application to the personal trajectory of Immanuel Wallerstein, the founder of world-systems analysis as an intellectual movement.

  11. Fishy Hearing: A Short Biography of Arthur N. Popper, PhD.

    Coffin, Allison B


    Biologist Dr. Arthur Popper's career spans decades, from his early work on comparative inner ear morphology in fishes to his recent interest in how underwater noise impacts aquatic vertebrates. Along the way Dr. Popper's research subjects span at least 19 vertebrate taxa, from lamprey to lungfish to humans, and he's had a profound influence in the field of fish bioacoustics. This brief biography describes some of Dr. Popper's many contributions to fish hearing research and highlights both some of his major discoveries and some of the biological mysteries he has yet to solve. PMID:26515307

  12. Serendipity: a personal tale of two biographies, William Richard Gowers (1845-1915) and his son Ernest (1880-1966).

    Scott, Ann


    Between 2004 and 2012, the author wrote two biographies, the first of 20th century civil servant Ernest Gowers and the second of his father the Victorian neurologist William Richard Gowers. This article describes the author's experience conducting the research for two biographies at a time when the research tools available were rapidly shifting from paper-based to digital records. Technological aids have made the preliminary research of historians easier, but they have not taken the place of hard copy archive-based research. While the paper will focus primarily on the biography of William Richard Gowers, the author describes the research methods she employed to help reveal the personalities, strengths and weaknesses of both men, each of whom left his own intellectual legacy. PMID:26025849

  13. A Biography of Henri Poincar\\'e - 2012 Centenary of the Death of Poincar\\'e

    Weinstein, Galina


    On January 4, 2012, the centenary of Henri Poincar\\'e's death, a colloquium was held in Nancy, France the subject of which was "Vers une biographie d'Henri Poincar\\'e". Scholars discussed several approaches for writing a biography of Poincar\\'e. In this paper I present a personal and scientific biographical sketch of Poincar\\'e, which does not in any way reflect Poincar\\'e's rich personality and immense activity in science: When Poincar\\'e traveled to parts of Europe, Africa and America, his companions noticed that he knew well everything from statistics to history and curious customs and habits of peoples. He was almost teaching everything in science. He was so encyclopedic that he dealt with the outstanding questions in the different branches of physics and mathematics; he had altered whole fields of science such as non-Euclidean geometry, Arithmetic, celestial mechanics, thermodynamics and kinetic theory, optics, electrodynamics, Maxwell's theory, and other topics from the forefront of Fin de Si\\`ecle phys...

  14. Using a Process of Collective Biography Writing in Higher Education to Develop an Ability to Explore, Reveal and Critically Reflect

    Wihlborg, Monne


    Teaching and learning are frequently treated as processes that are separate from each other, while teachers and learners are considered as disembodied entities with a neutral position towards the content which is negotiated. In collective biography writing (CBW), a very different approach is taken. Writing, reading and learning are seen as an…

  15. Dwight D. Eisenhower: Man of Many Hats. With a Message from John S. D. Eisenhower. Picture-Book Biography Series.

    Deitch, Kenneth M.; Weisman, JoAnne B.

    A biography of Dwight D. Eisenhower is presented in this book for young children. Born in Denison, Texas, Eisenhower was reared on a farm in Abilene, Kansas. After graduating from Abilene High School, he went on to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point. Among his many career highlights were earning the ranks of five-star general…

  16. Travel as a Ritual toward Transformative Consciousness: Juxtaposing Che Guevara's Biography and Teacher Candidates' Narratives

    Lea, YiShan


    This article discusses the development of critical consciousness by examining the biographical-narratives in relationship to the experiential accounts on travel. Biographical narratives are important cultural texts filled with history and cultural nuances. The biography of Ernesto Che Guevara has resonated with readers and viewers from around the…

  17. Biographies of Heroes. Grade 2 Model Lesson for Standard 5. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Porter, Priscilla

    Students focus on people who make a difference. The unit features men and women whose achievements have had a direct or indirect influence in the students' lives. These individuals include heroes from long ago and the recent past along with people who are currently active in the local community. The unit is crafted around biographies. It aims to…

  18. Posture et biographie : Semmelweis de L.-F. Céline

    Jérôme Meizoz


    Il [Céline] ajoutait que si je voulais faire sa biographie, je n'aurais qu'à me servir de mon imagination, causer avec ses amis, dessiner mon propre portrait en le donnant pour sien, me réserver toutes les questions intelligentes et lui laisser toutes les réponses stupides. Hindus (Milton), L.-F. Céline tel que je l'ai vu, Paris, L'Herne, 1969, p. 44. Qui accède au statut d’« auteur » propose de lui-même une image publique qui s’affranchit en partie de ses coordonnées civiles, comme l’illustr...

  19. Kulchitsky's Casus: Materials To The Biography Of Professor N.K. Kulchitsky

    В.В. Голубинов


    Full Text Available In 2009 in two foreign medical editions the detailed biography of professor N.K.Kulchitsky (1856 — 1925 has been first published. N.K.Kulchitsky, the world famous Russian scientist, histologist, professor, Senator and the last Minister of education of Imperial Russia, in 1912-1914 was the director of Kazan educational district to which Saratov University also belonged at that time. V.V. Golubinov — one of the publications authors, the great-grandson of N.K.Kulchitsky, graduate of Saratov University n.a. N.G.Chernyshevsky, psychologist and designer-schedule is the author of the emblem of Saratov Medical University which decorates our journal's cover narrates about his great-grandfather

  20. éphémérides ou biographie sommaire de Savinien de Cyrano de Bergerac

    Madeleine Alcover


    Full Text Available Biographie15519 avril : mariage, à Paris, des grands-parents paternels de l’écrivain, Savinien I de Cyrano et Anne Le Maire : celle-ci est la petite-fille d’Étienne Cardon, marchand parisien. À ce jour, l’origine du grand-père paternel n’est pas résolue (sarde ? descendant d’un marchand bourrelier de Sens ?.1555Le couple signe une donation entre vifs qui, en cas de décès, fait du survivant son légataire universel. Quatre enfants leur survivront : Abel, Samuel, Pierre et Anne.1555-1560Savinie...


    Matthew Gray Marsh


    Full Text Available William Gurnee Sinnigen was a Classicist and Roman historian, active in the mid-to-late 20th century. Trained at the University of Michigan by noted Roman administrative historian Arthur E. R. Boak, Sinnigen continued his mentor’s work in administrative history, producing several articles on different aspects of Roman and Byzantine administrative topics.  Sinnigen was also responsible for the revision and update of Boak’s acclaimed textbook on Roman history, as well as Charles Alexander Robinson’s textbook on Ancient history.  This article will provide a brief biography of Professor Sinnigen, along with a bibliography of his published works and reviews by other scholars of his work.

  2. Quest for professionalism: a biography of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal (1826-31).

    Shultz, S M


    This is the biography of a deceased medical journal, the North American Medical and Surgical Journal, born in 1826 in Philadelphia. It was a publication of the Philadelphia Chapter of the Kappa Lambda Society. In the prospectus of the North American Medical and Surgical Journal the promoters observed that a well-conducted journal would achieve the object of elevating the medical profession to its legitimate rank which up to that time had been the recipient of low public opinion. The Journal hoped to inculcate 'a higher standard of excellence not merely in the professional or ministrative but also in the ethical relations and duties of physicians'. After several successful and productive years it passed into history in October 1831, the victim of financial difficulty. PMID:21810854

  3. A life of Erwin Schroedinger. 2. ed.; Erwin Schroedinger. Eine Biographie

    Moore, Walter J.


    Erwin Schroedinger (1887-1961) was a pioneer of quantum physics, one of the most important scientist of the 20th century at all and a charming Austrian. He was a man with a passionate interest for men and ideas. Mostly known he became by his representation of quantum theory in the form of wave mechanics, for which he obtained the Nobel prize for physics and naturally by the famous thought experiment ''Schroedingers cat''. Walter Moore's biography is quite near to the person of Schroedinger and presents his scientific work in the context of his friendships, his interset for mysticism, and in front of the moving background of the political events in Germany and Austria.

  4. Quignard et La Bruyère. La biographie en mode mineur

    Anne-Marie Clément


    Full Text Available Dans Une gêne technique à l’égard des fragments. Essai sur Jean de La Bruyère, Pascal Quignard propose une biographie partielle et fragmentée de l’auteur des Caractères, entremêlée à une réflexion sur le fragment. En nous arrêtant aux options formelles retenues par Quignard (les enjeux de la coexistence du récit biographique et de l’essai réflexif, l’écriture fragmentaire et aux diverses postures de biographe-chroniqueur, d’essayiste ou d’écrivain d’un biographème imaginaire qu’il adopte, nous tenterons de saisir comment Une gêne technique, à travers la mise en œuvre d’une relation biographique singulière, donne à lire, en sous-texte des propos du biographe sur le biographé, ce que le biographé permet de révéler du biographe. In Une gêne technique à l’égard des fragments. Essai sur Jean de La Bruyère, Pascal Quignard offers a partial and fragmented biography of the author of Les Caractères that is intertwined with reflections on the literary fragment. In considering Quignard’s formal choices (the challenges involved in the coexistence of the biographical story and the reflexive essay, a form of fragmentary writing, as well as his various postures as biographer, essayist or author of an imaginary biographeme, we will attempt to elucidate the way in which Une gêne technique, through the implementation of a unique biographical relationship, presents a subtext to the remarks of the biographer on his subject that underscores what the biographee can reveal of the biographer.

  5. Selective neurophysiologic responses to music in instrumentalists with different listening biographies.

    Margulis, Elizabeth Hellmuth; Mlsna, Lauren M; Uppunda, Ajith K; Parrish, Todd B; Wong, Patrick C M


    To appropriately adapt to constant sensory stimulation, neurons in the auditory system are tuned to various acoustic characteristics, such as center frequencies, frequency modulations, and their combinations, particularly those combinations that carry species-specific communicative functions. The present study asks whether such tunings extend beyond acoustic and communicative functions to auditory self-relevance and expertise. More specifically, we examined the role of the listening biography--an individual's long term experience with a particular type of auditory input--on perceptual-neural plasticity. Two groups of expert instrumentalists (violinists and flutists) listened to matched musical excerpts played on the two instruments (J.S. Bach Partitas for solo violin and flute) while their cerebral hemodynamic responses were measured using fMRI. Our experimental design allowed for a comprehensive investigation of the neurophysiology (cerebral hemodynamic responses as measured by fMRI) of auditory expertise (i.e., when violinists listened to violin music and when flutists listened to flute music) and nonexpertise (i.e., when subjects listened to music played on the other instrument). We found an extensive cerebral network of expertise, which implicates increased sensitivity to musical syntax (BA 44), timbre (auditory association cortex), and sound-motor interactions (precentral gyrus) when listening to music played on the instrument of expertise (the instrument for which subjects had a unique listening biography). These findings highlight auditory self-relevance and expertise as a mechanism of perceptual-neural plasticity, and implicate neural tuning that includes and extends beyond acoustic and communication-relevant structures. PMID:18072277

  6. The personal is professional: Connecting white urban middle school science teachers' biographies to their teaching of all students

    Oey, Esther Ruth

    The purpose of this study was to examine if and in what ways white, urban middle school science teachers use experiences of being marginalized or feeling different to connect to students coming from backgrounds unlike their own---especially students who are racially, culturally, linguistically and otherwise different from them, the school culture and the dominant society. Personal biography was used to frame this study. Data consisted of structured and semi-structured interviews and classroom observations of one female and two male science teachers gathered over one academic year. Results indicated that experiences with difference may be used to inform teachers' practices, but personal biography alone was insufficient to enable the teachers to reflect on their experiences with race, class, gender, and difference. Also, attending to emotions appeared to be an important factor in helping students develop cognitive skills in science classrooms.

  7. Italiesin comme "expérience": une biographie intellectuelle de Christian Norberg-Schulz, de 1945 à 1963

    Gjoesteen, Pauline


    The norwegian architect Christian Norberg-Schulz was among the first to publish an architectural theory after 1945: "Intentions in architecture" (1963). This dissertation proposes an intellectual biography in order to determine the aims and sources of the book, especially regarding the description of architectural space. This dissertation seeks to counter actual readings of the book by arguing for a definition of architectural research as a retroactive process between theory, history, critici...

  8. A biography of Peter Paul Hilbert: a history of someone who went out to see the Amazon

    Klaus Hilbert


    This biography counts the story of my father, Peter Paul Hilbert (1914-1989), archaeologist of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, in Belém, Brazil, who, between 1948 and 1961, researched in the Middle Amazon. He wanted to tell stories about inhabitants who lived in the river banks and its cultures by developing an archaeology which privileged the relation between people, as well as between people and tropical environment.

  9. An irresponsible biography of the actor Laurence Harvey: motion pictures, white wine, older women & long thin cigarettes

    Brannon, Matthew


    Tiré du site Internet de Onestar Press: "Pocket edition of Laurence Harvey's "irresponsible" biography by Matthew Brannon. From the back cover of the book : Call yourself an actor ? You're not even a bad actor. You can't act at all, you fucking stupid hopeless sniveling little cunt-faced cunty fucking shit-faced arse-hole ... LAURENCE OLIVIER to Laurence Havery from Robert Stephen's "Knight errant : memoirs of a vagabond actor", Hodder and Stoughton, 1995.".

  10. Inviting the other in: Porous thinking and dissolving borders in "Tropical spirit: biography of a jasmine garden"

    Ismail, Yasser


    "Tropical Spirit: Biography of a Jasmine Garden" is a site-specific performance piece I developed as my final M.F.A Project. This paper outlines a chronology of the making of the piece in addition to presenting critical frameworks through which the project can be analyzed and situated in relation to contemporary aesthetics. I use critical frameworks borrowed from a variety of sources. Recent research done on borders by Performance Studies scholars Ramon Rivera-Servera and Harvey Young provide...

  11. Werner Heisenberg. The language of the atoms. Life and work - a scientific biography - the ''joyous science'' (youth until Nobel price)

    With his discovery that measuring values of complementary fundamental quantities in the microscopic world cannot by arbitrarily precisely determined cutted Werner Heisenberg the Gordian knot for the finishing of quantum theory developed by Planck, Einstein, and others and opened by this a new ''golden era'' in the physics of the 20th century. On the base of the documents from his life and work, i. e. deeds, letters and reports of contemporaries, as well as the published and unpublished essays, books, and articles of Heisenberg - also the later on found, publications or manuscripts mainly coming from the inheritance - resulted this systematic biography of Heisenberg. The author, the last doctoral candidate of Heisenberg relied furthermore on factual and personal knowledges, mainly own remembrances on his doctoral father and his teachers, colleagues, and students. Because of the interest of an authentical biography of the theoretical physicist Heisenberg the presentation of the mathematical approaches and the corresponding derivations could not completely be abandoned. This biography appeals by this both to a scientifically cultivated as a wider in science interested audience and covers the first phase of Heisenberg's life until his Nobel price 1933.

  12. Balancing Biography and Institutional History: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park

    Nancy Cushing


    Full Text Available When a young naturalist opened his new wildlife park at Wyoming on the NSW Central Coast in the late 1950s, he gave it his own name: Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park. Through the park, Worrell made a significant contribution to environmental education, the development of knowledge of captive animal care and display and the provision of antivenoms for the bites of a range of dangerous creatures. More than this, it was the geographic and emotional centre of Worrell’s world: the fulfilment of a childhood dream, a home for his family and a site for forming new personal and professional relationships. In preparation for the jubilee of the park, its history is being written by two academics from the University of Newcastle. An attractive means of creating the necessary narrative structure and human interest to ensure the wide appeal of this history is to follow Worrell’s lead and place his life at the centre of this institutional history. This is the direction suggested by the written sources on the park and it is accentuated by many of our oral informants who organise their memories of the park around Worrell. To what extent can an institutional history be a biography of the person at the heart of that institution? Is it possible to disentangle the life from the institution? This article offers some preliminary answers to these questions through a case study of the writing of a history of Eric Worrell’s Australian Reptile Park.

  13. [Historical origin of Jiu Tangshu·biography of Sun Simiao].

    Song, Zhen-Min


    The book Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao was compiled by Liu Su according to the original national historical papers of the Tang Dynasty which basically kept the features of national history. Based on this book and Binglishufu Xu (written by Lu Zhaolin) and Tanbinlu·Sun Simiao, Zhang Du sorted out the data about Sun Simiao and compiled the book Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao (in which the three stories of his lifetime were made up). Jiu Tangshi·Sun Simiao was edited by historiographers in the Hou-Jin Dynasty according to the biography of Sun Simiao in Tang national history, and referring to the Datang Xinyu·Sun Simiao, Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao, in which they only made a few adjustments on the basis of Xuanshizhi. Du Guangting compiled Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao and added three stories of gods and spirits about Sun Simiao after he became immortal. Taipingguangji of the North Song Dynasty was compiled according to Xianzhuan Shiyi·Sun Simiao and Xuanshizhi·Sun Simiao. PMID:23336307

  14. The Uncertainty Reducing Capabilities of Primary Care Physicians' Video Biographies for Choosing a New Doctor: Is a Video Worth More Than Two Hundred Words?

    Perrault, Evan K; Silk, Kami J


    Choosing a primary care physician for the first time is an important decision, one that health care systems do not make particularly easy for prospective patients to make solely through the limited information provided on their websites. Without knowledge from others, a new patient is likely to have uncertainty about the physician he or she chooses. Three hundred and twenty participants completed an online experiment and were exposed to two biographies of different doctors with different media and either professional or personal information. Predictions generated by media richness theory revealed greater reductions in uncertainty for video biographies than traditional text biographies. Video biographies, and those containing personal information about the physician, were also related to higher levels of anticipated patient satisfaction and care quality. When asked to choose the physicians they would want to visit, participants overwhelmingly chose the physician with whom they perceived the greatest similarity to themselves, as well as the doctor who provided a video biography. Both theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed. PMID:27054561

  15. The theorist Guillermus de Podio: foundations for the construction of a biography.

    Villanueva Serrano, Francesc


    Full Text Available Two works of music theory from the endings of the 15th Century with the name of author Guillermus de Podio are preserved: the printed Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach and Hutz, 1495 and the manuscript Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Despite the great influence that this musician exerted on Spanish theorists of the 16th Century, there are only few commonly accepted data about his biography. This article pretends to offer solid foundations to build his biography. In first place, verified from speculated data in the historiography of the musician will be distinguished. Finally, new documents will clarify his identity and will reveal his work as master of chant in the catedral of Valencia.Bajo el nombre de autor de Guillermus de Podio se conservan dos obras de teoría musical de finales del siglo XV: la impresa Ars musicorum (Valencia, Hagenbach y Hutz, 1495 y el manuscrito Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. A pesar de la gran influencia que este músico ejerció sobre los teóricos españoles del siglo XVI, son mínimos los datos biográficos generalmente aceptados por la comunidad investigadora. El presente artículo pretende ofrecer unos cimientos sólidos sobre los cuales poder construir su biografía. Con esta finalidad, se distinguen primeramente los datos contrastados de los que forman parte de la especulación en la historiografía del músico. Finalmente se aportan nuevos documentos que resuelven las dudas sobre su identidad y desvelan su magisterio en la catedral de Valencia. [ct] Sota el nom d’autor de Guillermus de Podio es conserven dues obres de teoria musical de finals del segle XV: l’impresa Ars musicorum (València, Hagenbach i Hutz, 1495 i el manuscrit Enchiridion de principiis musice discipline contra negantes illa et destruentes. Malgrat la gran influència que aquest músic va exercir sobre els teòrics espanyols del segle XVI

  16. Academic Biography in the Context of the Anti-Formalist Campaign of the 1930s

    Yelena N. Penskaya


    Full Text Available The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Len- ingrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS established by the same resolu- tion. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its bio- graphical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze behav- ioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. In particular, this paper analyzes the un- published letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities in- stitutes. The text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruc- tion of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural pro- jects and their creators in the 1930s and later.

  17. A Biography of Distinguished Scientist Gilbert Newton Lewis (by Edward S. Lewis)

    Harris, Reviewed By Harold H.


    until 1904, when he accepted a position that would not be considered a shrewd career move: Superintendent of Weights and Measures in Manila, Philippines! He was there only one year, but it was apparently a productive time, both in a minimally equipped laboratory and with the possible nascence of some of his ideas about bonding. In 1905, Lewis accepted a staff position at MIT, under A. A. Noyes, where he remained until 1912. At MIT, he continued his experimental work on thermodynamic systems and the development of modern thermodynamics, following the lead of J. W. Gibbs, whose work was being largely ignored by other chemists. As Noyes moved increasingly into administrative responsibilities, Lewis took over more and more of the supervision of scientific work in the laboratory. It was the capable job that he did for Noyes that led to his being offered a Professorship and Chair of the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley. The same spirit of adventure that took Lewis to Manila may be what led to his moving to scientifically backward California. In 1912, there was no serious science going on the Left Coast, and Berkeley was isolated from the nearest civilization (Chicago) by days of travel. Lewis initiated the expansion of great science westward, not only to Berkeley, but also to Caltech (in those days Throop Institute), UCLA, and Stanford. By dint of his contributions to thermodynamics and bonding theory (suggesting that electrons bond in pairs, long before there was quantum mechanical justification for such a strange idea), and his organizational and leadership talents, he turned the Berkeley Chemistry Department from a nonentity into one of the finest anywhere. Later in his career, he contributed to the understanding of the role of isotopes in chemistry and physics. This biography includes a useful listing of Lewis's 168 scientific publications. In an age when many renowned scientists have multiples of this number, it is perhaps good to be

  18. The Rapport Between Religious and Secular Academics in Russia: Two Episodes from the Biography of F. I. Uspenskiy

    Pavel Ermilov


    Full Text Available The conflict between secular and religious academics is not the result of the many decades of enforced atheism but dates from a much earlier time. Two examples drawn from the academic biography of the noted Russian Byzantine studies expert may serve as an illustration of the difficult relations between representatives of the theological academies and of secular academics. The disputes regarded some points of scientific methodology. The author highlights the very seriously observed principle ofa competency guided approach to scientific studies. This was stressed to the point of this becoming an absolute principle. It continues even today to exert a negative resonance in the Russian academic world

  19. Armorican arrowhead biographies: Production and function of an Early Bronze Age prestige good from Brittany (France

    Clément Nicolas


    , etc.. According to these obvious facts, they symbolize the power of the elites. The genesis of Armorican arrowheads are in all likelihood explained by a climate of increasing social competition, which express itself in Brittany by an individualization of burial rites, a development of metalworking and a reorganization of territories.In this article, we will stress on raw materials selection, technology and know-how, as well as use-wear analyses. All these approaches will help us to trace the biographies of the Armorican arrowheads.

  20. Lytton Strachey : l’historien intime de deux reines Lytton Strachey’s Intimate Biographies of Two Queens

    Jeannine Hayat


    Full Text Available The British writer Lytton Strachey (1880-1932 wrote biographies of the two most eminent Queens of England: Queen Victoria (1921 and Elizabeth and Essex (1928. The two books made him a very famous historian. However, he would personally have preferred to be admired for his poetry or his plays, for he was a very gifted literary author. Nevertheless many of Strachey’s readers have appreciated his conception of biography, as a means of personal confession while studying the destiny of a public figure. Indeed the Stracheyan way of life, free from Victorian moral standards and guided by the rules of the Bloomsbury group, inspired his story of Victoria and Elizabeth. Both Queens at the end of their lives and at the height of their power carried on strange love affairs: Victoria with her Scottish gillie and Elizabeth with the Earl of Essex, thirty years her younger. In fact, both romances subtly reflect Strachey’s own love affairs. He was himself engaged in a kind of common life with Dora Carrington— the painter, thirteen years younger than him, with whom he was not sexually involved— while he engaged in numerous homosexual love affairs.

  1. The biography of scientists as a means of communicating science: analogies concerning a hermeneutic or empirical problem

    Maria Francisca Carneiro


    Full Text Available Sometimes scientists live real dramas or undergo social and psychological conflicts which have a positive or negative influence on the development and recognition of their research, discoveries and inventions in society, including the way they are recorded in history. This being so, the question is: to what extent can science be communicated to the public at large by the use of scientists' biographies as a motivational strategy? The controversy arises from the fact that usual (classical science has traditionally argued for the separation (or de-linking of the research (the object from the researcher (the subject.Thus, if the above-mentioned motivational strategy is used in scientific communication, it could break a dominant methodological trend and consequently lead to a questioning of the myth of axiological neutrality in science. The communication of science by means of scientists' biographies could be useful for reaching a specific public, more directed towards emotional aspects, thereby awakening its interest in science, even amid cultural differences and in environments where interest in science and its utility is lacking. It could also reveal human aspects of the everyday life of scientists, bringing them closer to the public at large, which would contribute to the dissemination of science and knowledge.

  2. Heide von Felden: Bildung und Geschlecht zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Zur Verknüpfung von Bildungs-, Biographie- und Genderforschung. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2003 (Band 21 der Reihe: Studien zu Erziehungswissenschaft und Bildungsforschung) [Rezension

    Bönold, Fritjof


    Rezension zu: Heide von Felden: Bildung und Geschlecht zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Zur Verknüpfung von Bildungs-, Biographie- und Genderforschung. Opladen: Leske + Budrich 2003 (Band 21 der Reihe: Studien zu Erziehungswissenschaft und Bildungsforschung)

  3. Handeln von Ärztinnen und Ärzten im biographischen Kontext : zur Verknüpfung von Biographie- und Interaktionsanalyse

    Witte, Nicole


    "Die zentrale Fragestellung des Vortrages ist die nach der biographischen Entwicklung gegenwärtigen Interaktionen der MedizinerInnen mit ihren PatientInnen. Hierbei muss betont werden, dass es nicht darum geht, lineare Kausalzusammenhänge anzunehmen, sprich von Ursache- und Wirkungsbeziehungen auszugehen, sondern darum, die wechselseitige Wirkungsbeziehung der beiden Ebenen zu rekonstruieren. Ziel ist es also, die Entwicklungsebenen Biographie und Ablauf einer einzelnen Begegnung in ihrer Int...

  4. “A relic of an age still capable of a Romantic outlook”: Musical biography and The Master Musicians Series, 1899-1906

    Wiley, C.


    Musical biography proliferated in England in the hagiographical climate of the later nineteenth century, partly as an outcome of the rise of the aesthetic of the idolised Great Composer and the corresponding emergence of musical canons (whose constituency was, however, by no means certain at this time). This article presents a theoretically-enriched demonstration of the paradigms through which its late Victorian authors attempted to canonise their subjects, focussing on three interrelated the...

  5. On Ouyang Xiu's biography literature theory%论欧阳修的传记文学理论



    欧阳修是宋代杰出的传记文学作家,他的传记文学理论在坚持史学原则的基础上,从文学的角度探讨了传记的写作,包含了传记写作的态度、目的、方法、语言等问题,使传记文学理论的研究在史学和文学的两极中得到平衡,为后代传记文学理论的发展开启了新方向。%Ouyang Xiu was an outstanding literary biographer in the Song Dynasty. His biography literature theory explored the biography writing from the angle of literature on his historical principles. His theory contained biographical writing attitude, aim, method, language problems and sought the balance between history and literature, offering the new direction for the biography literature theory development.

  6. Keeleliste elulugude uurimisvõimalusi: Dagmar Normeti mitmekeelne lapsepõlv Eestis. Possibilities of Research on Linguistic Biographies: Dagmar Normet, a Multilingual Childhood in Estonia

    Anna Verschik


    Full Text Available Recently the investigation of linguistic biographies has become popular among linguists for several reasons. Instead of studying formally-oriented, traditional approaches to second language acquisition and language learning, such research focuses on an individual’s conceptualisation of languages, language acquisition and living with and among multiple languages. Linguistic biographies can be either oral or written narratives, elicited by a researcher or produced by individuals. This includes language-learning memoirs as well. As some studies have demonstrated, a closer look at a linguistic history of a particular individual helps to discover new aspects that generally remain unnoticed in formally-oriented studies, such as the speaker’s personal attitudes, emotions attached to his/ her languages, self-expression in different languages, and instances of multilingual speech (for example, cross-linguistic influence, code-switching, etc.. However, a multilingual person’s narratives, either in written or oral form, should be treated with caution. It has been demonstrated in recent studies that grounded theory approach (i.e., coding and establishing emergent categories and content analysis alone cannot present a full picture of a linguistic biography. As Pavlenko (2007 argues, at least three kinds of reality should be considered: subject reality (how the narrator sees his/her life with multiple languages, text reality (that is, how the text of narration is structured, in what order events are presented and life reality (biographical facts. As in fieldwork in general, a researcher should be prepared to face discrepancies between the picture presented by the informant and other types of reality. From a methodological point of view, an informant should be interviewed several times in his/her different languages or, at the very least; a researcher should be familiar with the languages. In this sense, the European tradition of linguistic biographies

  7. 从僧传与小说关系角度看《坛经》中的惠能传%A Study of Hui Neng's Biography in Rostrim Scriptures from the Perspective of Relation of Monks'Biographies and Fictions



    《坛经》的内容包括叙事性强的高僧惠能传记以及惠能佛学思想记录两大部分。在《坛经》版本演变的过程里,两大部分都有所变化,尤以惠能传记部分变化较为明显,且在变化中体现出其与世俗叙事文学与世俗文化心理的密切联系。可以将《坛经》惠能传记部分的文本置于更广阔的文化背景,从叙事学的视角出发,通过分析《坛经》惠能传记中谶言与神异情节的运用、人物形象的塑造等问题,管窥以惠能传记为代表的僧传文学与包括历史传记、小说在内的文化大背景的联系,印证中国古代文学与历史、虚构与真实难以割裂这一大文史观。%Rostrum Scriptures consists of two parts,biography of Hui Neng and the records of Hui Neng's thoughts.In the evolution progress of Rostrum Scriptures ,there were changes in both of the two parts,while discrepancies in the biography part are more obvious and related to earthly narra-tive literature as well as cultural mindset.This thesis puts Hui Neng's biography from Rostrum Scrip-tures into cultural background,analyzes the prophecies and character image from the perspective of narratology to glimpse the relation of monk biographies and cultural background including historic bi-ographies and fictions,and confirms that in ancient China,literature and history,fiction and reality cannot be totally split from each other.


    Kvietkauskas, Mindaugas


    biography carried features of specific cultural liberalism that was characteristic to the entire group of multinational intelligentsia in Vilnius before the First World War (Michal Römer, Tadeusz Wróblewski, Anton and Ivan Luckievich, Uriah Katzenelenbogen, and others.

  9. 朱熹《诗集传》训诂指瑕%The Imperfection on Exegesis of Zhu Xi's the Biography of Poetry Antholoy



    朱熹《诗集传》的成就和历史地位早有公论,本文仅将论题锁定于《诗集传》训诂中的几个方面,如"叶音"说、评《序》、"淫诗"说与文学解诗等存在的缺陷与不足上,试以另一种研究视角,客观审视朱子集传的训诂得失。%The achievement and the historical value of ZhuXi's the Biography of Poetry Anthology has been acknowledged.This paper focuses on the imperfection in the Biography of Poetry Anthology by Zhu Xi,for example the "YeYin" theory,the evaluations of preface,"Pornographic poems" theory and literary explanations of The Book of Songs in order to assess the imperfection from another point of view.

  10. Tha rgyas Biography 1

    Sgrol ma lha skyid


    Such songs are sung antiphonally between hosts during wedding parties in order to entertain guests. This song expresses the wish that people will have a peaceful life. ????????????????????????????????

  11. Reconstructive analysis of biographie

    Kmet, Ana


    In the theoretical part of the thesis I focused on the problem of alcoholism which is a form of addiction that could be caused by various causes. Causes that could lead to this are heritability, someone’s personality, experiences and living conditions from the past, society where alcohol is every day more accessible. Therefore, there are a lot of potential causes which could be found, both, in a person and in a society. Different mental and physical problems could arise with addiction. Some o...

  12. Bret Michael: A Biography

    Michael, Bret


    A professor of the computer science and electrical engineering, Bret Michael joined the faculty of the Naval Postgraduate School in 1998. He received the 2010 Engineer of the Year Award from the Reliability Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for this contributions to the field of trustworthy large-scale distributed systems.

  13. Albert einstein - Illustrated biography

    A genius of science, but also a great-hearted man who fought his convictions all his life long. That is the Albert Einstein s portrait what draw the documents collected in this book: photographies, talks, letters and narrations, sometimes unpublished. With evidences and anecdotes is drawn a surprising personality of a man full of humor and originality who made his mark, as nobody else, in this tumultuous century. (N.C.)

  14. Biography of Peeter Torop


    Sünd. 28. nov. 1950 Tallinnas, õppis Tartu 5. Kk. (nüüd Tamme Gümnaasium). 1969-74 õppis TÜ-s vene filol. Töötanud vene kirjanduse kat. kuni 1992, mil tema initsiatiivil moodustati semiootika kateeder

  15. Le choix du périurbain à Québec : nature et biographie résidentielle

    Andrée Fortin


    Full Text Available À l’heure des changements climatiques et du vieillissement de la population québécoise, nous nous sommes interrogées sur ce qui attire et/ou retient des résidents dans le périurbain, souvent au prix de longs déplacements quotidiens pour le travail ou les emplettes. Comme dans certains secteurs périurbains le prix des résidences est très élevé, le choix résidentiel ne se réduit pas à des considérations d’ordre économique. Nous analysons ici une des composantes essentielles du milieu et qui en fait aux yeux de plusieurs un « milieu sain » : la proximité de la nature. En quoi cela constitue-t-il un attrait pour les résidents ? Est-ce parce qu’il permet un mode de vie associé à des activités de plein air, ou plutôt un milieu « naturel » associé aux grands espaces ? Quel rapport les résidents du périurbain ont-il avec la nature qui les entoure ? Dans le cadre d’une recherche qualitative sur l’étalement urbain, nous avons interrogé 132 résidents de six secteurs périurbains de l’agglomération de Québec (Canada, associés autrefois à la villégiature ou à l’agriculture. Les entretiens semi-dirigés portaient sur le choix résidentiel, les représentations de la ville, de la banlieue, de la campagne et du village, les lieux fréquentés dans l’agglomération et le rapport à l’automobile. Il apparaît que les éléments recherchés dans le milieu de vie par plusieurs répondants sont ceux qu’ils ont connus dans leur enfance, dans des banlieues pavillonnaires de première couronne (c’est-à-dire édifiées dans les années 1950 et 1960 ou des régions rurales, dont ils sont majoritairement issus. C’est ainsi que la biographie personnelle semble influencer le choix résidentiel. Pour vivre près de la nature, ils seraient prêts à s’éloigner davantage de la ville qu’ils caractérisent essentiellement par la pollution et le béton. La dépendance à l’automobile que ce mode de vie entra

  16. 论《史记·天官书》易学思想%Studies on the Views of Changes in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records

    赵继宁; 朱君毅


    《史记·天官书》与易学思想有着较深的渊源。《天官书》所体现的天人思想、“变”的思想、象征和联想类比的星占方法等,是对易学思想的继承和发扬。%The views of Changes are the ideological origin of The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records. The harmony of man and nature, the ideology of changes, the astrological method of symbol, association and analogy in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in Historical Records carry on the views of Changes.

  17. The Study of Myth Character about Biography of King%《穆天子传》小说性质辨析



    迄今为止,《穆天子传》的撰者、成书年代、文本性质等,均可谓学术疑案。从叙事动机出发,依据战国初期前后相关文献的巨大差异,可以认同此书源出赵国后嗣对祖先的追崇。《穆天子传》体式近似起居注,风格却呈现恍惚无征之态,它既非信史著作,亦非上古神话抑或次神话之类。基于社会风尚和读学心理来审视,穆王故实在虚实相生中形成的小说境界,曾一度受到战国末期神仙思维、汉晋时世造仙运动先后影响,最终在历史误读中造就了后人所谓的神话品格。%So far, the author, writing time and text nature of Biography of King were academic doubtful cases Form narrative motivation, according to the huge difference based on literatures around the early Warring States, the author believes that the works had been derived from respecting the ancestors for Zhao heirs. The form of Biography of King approximated confidential memorandum style but presented mysterious state, it was not credible history, nor ancient myth or second-class myth. Based on the social tendency and reading psychology, novel state of the king stories in the void-solid combination had been firstly affected by fairy thinking in Warring States, secondly affected by fairy-made movement in Han-Jin times, and finally made its myth character in the history misreading.

  18. Biografia coletiva, engajamento e memória: a miséria do mundo Collective biography, commitment and memory: the weight of the world

    Miguel Ângelo Montagner


    Full Text Available Este trabalho procura relacionar a proposta de biografia coletiva de Pierre Bourdieu e suas possibilidades teóricas com a questão histórica do "engajamento" político dos cientistas, o que acaba por nos inserir no debate sobre o que é um intelectual, tema caro a muitos autores. Como exemplo polêmico, a forma elaborada desse engajamento por Pierre Bourdieu, em seu livro A miséria do mundo, é debatida neste artigo. Por fim, o interesse foi elaborar, à luz dessas ideias, uma proposta coerente de análise das trajetórias sociais e histórias de vida dos indivíduos inseridos em grupos comuns, assumindo como bases o conceito de memória coletiva de Halbwachs e de persona coletiva de Boltanski.This text aims to relate Pierre Bourdieu's proposal of collective biography and its theoretical possibilities to the historical question of the political 'commitment' of scientists, which pitches us once again into the debate on what is an intellectual, a key topic for many authors. As a polemical example, the article discusses the form in which this commitment is elaborated by Pierre Bourdieu in his book The weight of the world. It then seeks to develop these ideas into a coherent proposal for analyzing the social trajectories and life histories of individuals inserted in social groups, taking as its lead Halbwachs's concept of collective memory and Boltanski's notion of collective persona.

  19. Trajetórias e biografias: notas para uma análise bourdieusiana Trajectories and biographies: notes for a Bourdieusian analysis

    Miguel Ângelo Montagner


    Full Text Available Nesse artigo, procuramos analisar o uso da metodologia de Pierre Bourdieu, na qual as noções de habitus e campo têm um lugar central, com o objetivo de entender conceitos internos como biografia e trajetória em sua teoria da práxis. Nossa intenção nesse estudo é, além de situar e apontar a relevância da obra de Bourdieu, extrair desses debates possíveis aplicações de sua teoria e propor procedimentos de análise dos materiais biográficos ou histórias de vida quando são usados como um instrumento heurístico.In this article, we seek to examine the use of Pierre Bourdieu's methodology, in which the notions of habitus and field play a central role, in order to understand inner concepts such as biography and trajectory in his theory of praxis. Besides locating and pointing out the relevance of Bourdieu's works, our intention here is to extract from these debates the possible application of his theory and to propose procedures for analysis of biographical materials or life histories when they are used as a heuristic tool.

  20. «La Perfecta Casada»: from the Model to Representations. Francisca Zorrilla’s Biography, Written by her Husband



    Full Text Available The existence of feminine models for Castilian women in the «postridentine» age is well known. Among these models, it stands out a work written by the Augustinian Fray Luis de León (1583. The great number of editions of the work proves its great success. «La Perfecta Casada» set a prototype of what a married woman should be and was read by many women. Decades after the appearance of this work, another was published in Alcalá (1661, which is not an ideal proposal but the story of a real life: the posthumous biography of Francisca Zorrilla written by her husband, Gabriel Álvarez de Velasco, judge at the «Chancillería» of Santa Fe. Her life, especially her married life, was exemplary. This work focuses on the biographical genre, on the author, on the story of life in its descriptive aspect, as well as on the adjustment to the archetype.

  1. Biography of Stuart Lindsay Biography of Stuart Lindsay

    Tao, Nongjian; Nagahara, Larry; Thundat, Thomas; Zhang, Peimeng


    Stuart received his BSc and PhD in physics from the University of Manchester in 1972 and 1976, respectively. After a brief period working in the Phillips Labs, he joined Arizona State University (ASU) as a faculty member in 1979. While much of his current interest is in the molecular basis of diseases, Stuart has made long-lasting contributions to several fields in nanotechnology and biophysics over his past three decades at ASU. He was the first to develop inelastic light scattering spectroscopy to study low frequency vibration modes in DNA, which has led to a better understanding of collective motions in DNA and A-B transition in DNA. The early stages of his scientific career at ASU also included studying materials under extremely high pressure, glass transitions and the light scattering of semiconductor materials. He pioneered the scanning probe microscopy imaging of DNA and other biological molecules in water. His unusual talent in experimental physics and instrumentation led to the development of a 9-pass Fabry-Perot for high-resolution optical spectroscopy and a variety of innovative technologies for scanning probe microscopy. He co-founded the Molecular Imaging Corporation (now acquired by Agilent). In addition to biological molecules, Stuart is one of the pioneers who applied scanning tunneling microscopy to studying fundamental phenomena at solid-liquid interfaces, including charge transport, interfacial forces and molecular adsorption in solutions. His seminal work in single molecule electron transport provides new insights into not only the mechanism of the scanning tunneling microscopy of molecules, but also molecular electronics. Stuart's contribution to science goes beyond the original research mentioned above. His passion and energy for science have inspired and influenced many younger scientists, including his students, postdoctoral researchers and junior faculty. We wish Stuart many more happy, healthy and productive years ahead.

  2. Blaise Pascal, une biographie spirituelle

    Moulin, Henri Schmitz du


    Dat Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) niet alleen een scherpzinnig religieus denker was, maar ook een groot wis- en natuurkundige, mag als bekend worden verondersteld. Als twaal{arige werd hij door zijn vader al meegenomen naar de zittingen van de academie van P. Mersenne, waaraan de voornaamste wis- en nat

  3. Daniel F. Warren: a biography

    Warren, Daniel F.


    Mr. Warren is currently a research assistant in the Computer Science Department at the Naval Post Graduate School in Monterey, CA. His research interests include computer security, high assurance systems and the theory of error correcting codes.

  4. Maria Montessori--A Biography.

    Ellicott, Barbara Ann

    This brief biographical sketch of Maria Montessori focuses on her philosophy of learning and her methods of teaching. Her holistic approach to education is discussed in the light of its impact on educational theories and practices in the early 1900s. Included in this discussion is a description of her theories, such as the developmental stages of…

  5. Blaise Pascal, une biographie spirituelle

    Moulin, Henri Schmitz du


    Dat Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) niet alleen een scherpzinnig religieus denker was, maar ook een groot wis- en natuurkundige, mag als bekend worden verondersteld. Als twaal{arige werd hij door zijn vader al meegenomen naar de zittingen van de academie van P. Mersenne, waaraan de voornaamste wis- en natuurkundigen uit die tijd deelnamen, en op zijn zestiende schreef hij al een werk over de kegelsneden (Traite sur les coniques). ... Zie: Samenvatting

  6. Dr. Carson K. Eoyang, Biography

    Eoyang, Carson K.


    Dr. Carson K. Eoyang Emeritas Professor Naval Postgraduate School Dr. Eoyang retired as the Chancellor of National Intelligence University and was a former Associate Provost at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has served in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the White House, the Chief Training Officer for the FAA, and the Director of Training forNASA. He was awarded the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive in 1993 after serving on the Vice President Gore's National...

  7. Zur Biographie des Thomas Finck

    Graf, Klaus


    Aus der Überlieferung der Werke des Mönchs Thomas Finck ergeben sich die Jahre 1489 und 1507 als Eckdaten seiner derzeit bekannten Lebenszeugnisse. Nach Ausweis des Cgm 6940 beendete Thomas Finck, der sich als Bruder des Benediktinerordens bezeichnet, am 8. Juli 1489 im Benediktinerkloster Elchingen die Übertragung der pseudothomasischen Schrift 'De beatitudine'. Der nur in der Karlsruher Handschrift St. Georgen 84 (möglicherweise ein Konzeptautograph) überlieferten Vorrede und Datierung sein...

  8. The Cultural Biography of Agarwood

    Jung, Dinah


    The intangible heritage of making fine use of agarwood is a story of exceptional refinement, concerning arts and (syn-) aesthetic sensitivity, as well as a story of valuing and employing nature, commercialisation, and of the search for identity within the multicultural entanglements of Asia. Its continuation presents a challenge in business, scientific and cultural regards. CONTENTS: I. Portrayal of the aromatic material – II. Early perfumery arts and exotic stimuli – III. Supraregional ...

  9. Biographie d’un esprit au corps brisé. Les pierres magiques des ancêtres zápara d’Amazonie : des sujets du passé

    Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël


    Biographie d’un esprit au corps brisé. Les pierres magiques des ancêtres zapara d’Amazonie : des sujets du passé. L’usage des pierres magiques en Amazonie a été rapporté par de nombreux ethnologues. Pourtant, l’examen des relations intersubjectives entre les pierres et leur « maître » reste succinct. L’exemple zapara permet de porter un regard nouveau sur celles-ci. Les ancêtres des Zapara d’Amazonie équatorienne ont laissé sur le territoire plusieurs pierres qui, lorsqu’elles sont trouvées p...

  10. Debus Kehr (Monique), Augustin Güntzer. L’histoire de toute ma vie. Auto-biographie d’un potier d’étain calviniste du XVIIe siècle

    Muller, Claude


    Peut-on être calviniste et vivre sa foi dans l’Alsace ravagée par la guerre de Trente Ans ? La réponse est oui. Mais à quel prix, comme nous l’apprend Augustin Güntzer ! Grâce soit rendue à Monique Debus Kehr qui a traduit avec une grande élégance l’auto-biographie de ce potier d’étain, né à Obernai en 1596, mort dans un lieu et à une date inconnus, peut-être en Suisse après 1657. Ce récit se lit comme un roman. Güntzer entreprend un premier voyage en Allemagne et en Italie, où il se frotte a...

  11. 《李娃传》与《玉玦记》中妓女的命运差异之比较%Comparison of the Different Fates of Prostitutes in Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade



    The romantic novels of scribes and prostitutes have always been popular subject.Biography of Li Wa and Story of Jade have the similar story plots,but the fates of the two heroines are entirely different.Li Wa has been praised highly for her affection and faith,whereas Li Changnu was punished for her viciousness.Both of the different fates were influenced by many factors,some of which such as characters,authors and social backgrounds are very essential.%文士与妓女婚恋类题材小说历来是文人写作的热门题材,白行简的《李娃传》与郑若庸的《玉玦记》在故事情节上可谓一脉相承。而二文女主人公的命运却大不相同:李娃被塑造成一个有情有义的妇女,而李娟奴则因其歹毒得到了应该有的报复。促成两者命运差异的原因是多方面的,而男女人物性格、作者和社会等三方面因素是其重点。

  12. “The road from Mandalay to Wigan is a long one and the reasons for taking it aren’t immediately clear”: A World-System Biography of George Orwell

    Brendan McQuade


    Full Text Available George Orwell is one the best known and highly regarded writers of the twentieth century. In his adjective form—Orwellian—he has become a “Sartrean ‘singular universal,’ an individual whose “singular” experiences express the “universal” character of a historical moment. Orwell is a literary representation of the unease felt in the disenchanted, alienated, anomic world of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This towering cultural legacy obscures a more complex and interesting legacy. This world-system biography explains his contemporary relevance by retracing  the road from Mandalay to Wigan that transformed Eric Blair, a disappointing-Etonian-turned-imperial-policeman, into George Orwell, a contradictory and complex socialist and, later, literary icon. Orwell’s contradictory class position—between both ruling class and working class and nation and empire—and resultantly tense relationship to nationalism, empire, and the Left  makes his work a particularly powerful exposition of the tension between comsopolitianism and radicalism, between the abstract concerns of intellectuals and the complex demands of local political action. Viewed in full, Orwell represents the “traumatic kernel” of our age of cynicism: the historic failure and inability of the left to find a revolutionary path forward between the “timid reformism” of social democrats and “comfortable martyrdom” of anachronistic and self-satisfied radicals.

  13. 浅析《甄嬛传》中的《红楼梦》因子%Analysis of the Factors from Dream of Red Mansions to Zhenhuan Biography



    电视剧《甄嬛传》里的“红楼”元素,勾起了人们对《红楼梦》的文化记忆,透过“甄嬛”热的表象,可窥见人们心目中“典雅温婉”的“红楼”审美导向。通过研究《红楼梦》的诗化言语、女性形象、生活雅化等审美类项,致敬于经典,为当下社会反思传统文化的经典意蕴提供了参照。%The Red Mansions implication which contains in the TV series named Zhenhuan Biography evokes people�s cultural memory and reveals people�s aesthetic orientation.By researching the aesthetic items in the Dream of Red Mansions,such as poetic language,female figures and elegance life,which provides the reference for people to reflect the classical implication of traditional culture in contemporary society.

  14. Analysis of Flush:A Biography from an Angle of Ecological Ethics%从生态伦理学的角度试析《弗勒希——一条狗的传记》



    Ecological Ethics is considered as a newly-risen science which could improve moral thinking of modern and contemporary environmental crisis.It not only has a huge effect on pushing environment protection,but also offers a new angle of analysis of literature text.This article analyzes the text entitled Flush: A Biography by Virginia Woolf from a new angle of Ecological Ethics.It aims at illustrating Woolf's views on the relationship between human and nature,especially human and animals.Furthermore,it also indicates the interdisciplinary in biographical literature.%生态伦理学作为一门对现当代生态环境危机进行道德思考的新兴伦理学,不仅对环境保护运动起了巨大的推动作用,具有一定的合理性,同时,它也为文学文本的研究提供了一个新的视角。本文试图从生态伦理学这个较新的角度对英国女作家弗吉尼亚.伍尔夫(Virginia Woolf)的《弗勒希——一条狗的传记》进行阐述和解读,从而说明文章是如何体现出伍尔夫对人与自然尤其是人与动物之间的关系的看法,以及传记文学中所蕴含的跨学科性的。

  15. Asude Bahar Ülkesine Yolculuk Olan Ölümün Şair Biyografilerinde İfade Edilmesi In Poet Biographies Expression Of Death A Passage To The Peaceful Spring Country

    Abdullah AYDIN


    Full Text Available Collection of biographies of poets the sources of Classic TurkishLiterature inform about the poets’ life, character, literal personality andworks. Though the number of collection of biographies in TurkishLiterature has risen to forty, it will increase in number by newresearches possibly. There are both books and articles about how somespecific subjects are held on these works that involve the biographies ofpoets. Along with the informations about the poet’s character, physicalappearance, family, educational background, job, marriage, children,date of birth, place of birth, place of death there are information abouthis poesy.In this study, how the death of the poets are expressed isresearched inspring especially from the writers’ acting responsiblytowards indicating the date of death. The distinctness is formed byexamining former published works and identifying the samples whichwill complete them. Apart from the cause and time of death the wordsand word groups preferred for death knell are examined in terms ofstyle. While the death of poets are expressed by some simple sentencesas “died, expired, slaughtered” sometimes it is expressed in moreartistic ways related to poet’s name, nickname, job and lifestyle.Especially the tenth topic with its under titles is important in terms ofrevealing new styles of expression.Death which we regard ordinary by saying “all livings born, liveand die” and which is expressed in wholy Koran as “Külli nefsinzâikatü'l-mevt”, namely “every soul shall have a taste of death” is holdsometimes sadly but mostly in terms of its beauty. The writers havedeveloped a literary pleasure on death. Klasik Türk Edebiyatının kaynak eserlerinden Şair Tezkireleri şairlerin hayatı, mizacı, edebî kişiliği ve eserleri hakkında bilgi vermektedir. Türk Edebiyatında tezkire sayısı kırka ulaşmış olmakla beraber yeni araştırmalarla bu sayının artması muhtemeldir. Şair biyografilerini kapsayan

  16. All Mortal Beings under the Concession Culture ---Interpreting the Characters in Biographies of Shanghai Singsong Girls%租界文化背景下的芸芸众生——析《海上花列传》中的人物生存境遇



    韩邦庆的《海上花列传》以上海租界为背景,描写了上海青楼中一群妓女和狎客的故事。展现了租界文化对上海人的生存境遇的影响。从传统与现代混融的新奇体验,外国巡捕统治下的租界及人们的自卑感,以及浮华境遇下自我的迷失及幻灭感三方面来分析《海上花列传》中租界文化背景下的人物生存境遇。%prostitute ' tures on S Shanghm In Biographies of Shanghai Singsong Girls, Han Qingban described the prostitutes' story and s customer ' s story under the concession cultures, which showed the influence of concession culhanghai people' s lives. The characters' sufferings under the concession cultures in Biographies of Singsong Girls are interpreted through the combination of the tradition and the novelty experience, the people' s humbleness under the foreign police' s governing and the people' s loss in the flashy circumstances.

  17. Biography of Dr. Simao Nascimento de Sousa

    Sarkar, A.^red.

    , 2004. Dr. de Sousa was born on the 26th of February, 1944 at Corlim, Ilhas, Goa. He graduated with BSc (Hons.) in 1969 and MSc with Physical Chemistry in 1971 from the University of Bombay (Mumbai), India. He began his career with studies in the Mandovi... then onwards he served the Institute in various capacities. In 1979, he was deputed to the University of Liverpool, UK where he completed a postgraduate diploma in Marine Pollution Chemistry. Dr. de Sousa has worked in various National and International...

  18. Abraham Pais Prize: Physics, History, and Biography

    Cassidy, David C.


    Each of these fields differs in obvious and not so obvious ways from the others in terms of goals, methods, purposes, and perspectives. Yet each also holds much in common with the others. Having worked in these fields and crossed the boundaries between them, I will explore in this talk not only the similarities and differences I have encountered on this journey, but also my growing appreciation of how these fields together provide a unified perspective on physics as a science and a disciple and as a vital component of our broader human culture.

  19. Biographie und Sozialgeschichte im Spannungsfeld der Auftragsforschung

    Eichberg, Henning


    Kommentar til Michael Krüger 2009 (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Sport auf dem Weg in die Moderne. Carl Diem und seine Zeit. Münster: Lit......Kommentar til Michael Krüger 2009 (Hrsg.): Der deutsche Sport auf dem Weg in die Moderne. Carl Diem und seine Zeit. Münster: Lit...

  20. (Anti-Biography and Neo-Impressionism

    Foa, Michelle


    Full Text Available This article analyzes neo-impressionism in relation to the biographical model of art criticism and art history that became increasingly prevalent in France over the course of the 19th century. Examining the critical response to the neo-impressionists, as well as some of their pictures and writings, I argue for the centrality of questions of authorship, individuality, and subjectivity to the group and its reception. I identify a distinctly anti-biographical tendency in the movement, one that disquieted the critics and led them to try and re-inscribe biographical meaning back into the work of Georges Seurat. Indeed, though Seurat instituted a divide between his work and his life in a variety of ways, he also insisted throughout his career on his paternity over the neo-impressionist method. In all of these ways, the relationship between the self and art was a significant and problematic issue for the neo-impressionists and the critics around them.

  1. A Biography for an Emerging Urban District

    Riesto, Svava


    spaces as important elements in the becoming of this site and as possibly valuable figures for its future development. The article contributes to the discussion about biographical perspectives on landscape and shows how bridging knowledge from the humanities and design disciplines can create new......Abandoned industrial sites are often the starting oint for urban redevelopment, forcing the involved actors to discuss which qualities are discrded, protected, and reused. By way of a case study of the ongoing redevelopment of the Carlsberg breweries in Copenhagen, the article emphasizes open...... perspectives on open spaces of industry....

  2. Understanding Jung: recent biographies and scholarship.

    Charet, F X


    The tendency to associate Jung with Freud has undergone a change and both are increasingly perceived as founders of depth psychological schools whose exact relationship is unclear. The separation of the two was largely due to Jung's rejection by the psychoanalytic community because of his perceived spiritual inclinations. Recent scholarship has emphasized these spiritual inclinations in both a positive and negative way and brought to light Jung's non-Freudian sources, while other Jungian practitioners are seeking a closer association with psychoanalysis. This conflicting development is related to tendencies in Jung himself that are evident in his own life and in research conducted into the writing and publication of Memories, Dreams, Reflections. Though the status of the latter as Jung's autobiography has been called into question there remains the necessity to explain the myth of Jung's life enshrined there and the impact this has had on a public looking for meaning in a time of considerable change. PMID:14533394

  3. Petr Hájek: A Scientific Biography

    Haniková, Zuzana

    Cham : Springer, 2015 - (Montagna, F.), s. 21-38 ISBN 978-3-319-06232-7. - (Outstanding Contributions to Logic . 6) R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/10/1826 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : fuzzy set theory * fuzzy logic * naive comprehension * non-classical arithmetic Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  4. LCDR John A. Daley, USN: a biography

    Daley, John A.


    LCDR John A. Daley, USN served on three nuclear submarines prior to his orders to the Naval Postgraduate School in 1989. He graduated in 1992 with his Masters in Computer Science, obtaining the subspecialty code 0091P. He was appointed to the faculty of the Department of Computer Science following graduation, and has taught classes in User Interface Design, Operating Systems, Computer Architecture, and Introductory Unix. Main interests include advanced user interface design techni...

  5. Mark Zuckerberg biography of an accidental billionaire

    Melendez, Macie


    ABOUT THE BOOK Mark Zuckerberg is one of the world's youngest billionaires, thanks to his role in co-founding social networking site, Facebook. As Facebook has grown exponentially since its founding in 2004 (with 845 million monthly active users as of the end of December 2011 according to Facebook), Zuckerberg's popularity has also flown through the roof. Interesting on so many levels, Zuckerberg's quick rise to fame is one that the mass media and general public just can't get enough of. There's his Harvard education, his invention of one of the most popular Internet sites this world has ev

  6. Individuals, biography and cultural spaces: new figurations

    Conde, Idalina


    How can the sociology of individuals with, in particular, the accent on singularity, be reconciled with the sociology of our transculture, i.e. cross-cutting dimensions that dim or reconstitute the mark of the difference(s), borders and autochthonies in contemporary societies? This question and reflexive ambivalence from two directions in sociology, raised in a previous text, is picked up again here in an essay “in dialogue” with the legacy of Norbert Elias. A key reference for non-dichotomou...

  7. Explaining Today's Physics Through History and Biography

    Lindley, David


    Quantum computers, string theory, holographic universes - to the general audience, today's physics can be as mystifying as it is fascinating. But modern ideas evolved from an earlier phase of physics - Newtonian mechanics, simple cause and effect - that is in principle easier for the non-expert to grasp. I have found that writing about physics from a historical and biographical perspective is an effective way to convey modern thinking by explaining where it comes from - it is a way of carrying the reader from concepts that make intuitive sense to ideas that seem, on first encounter, utterly bizarre. Smuggling explanations into stories satisfies the reader's desire for narrative - bearing in mind that narrative can include the evolution of ideas as well as tales about intriguing and original people.

  8. (Anti-)Biography and Neo-Impressionism

    Foa, Michelle


    This article analyzes neo-impressionism in relation to the biographical model of art criticism and art history that became increasingly prevalent in France over the course of the 19th century. Examining the critical response to the neo-impressionists, as well as some of their pictures and writings, I argue for the centrality of questions of authorship, individuality, and subjectivity to the group and its reception. I identify a distinctly anti-biographical tendency in the movement, one that d...

  9. A Political Biography of Henry Fielding

    Downie, Alan (J. A.)


    The most prominent writers of the eighteenth century, such as Swift and Defoe, Addison and Steele, Pope, Gay, Fielding and Johnson, were actively involved in writing pamphlets and periodical essays which were overtly political. Other writers well known in their own day whose literary reputations are beginning to rise once more – such as John Toland, Delarivier Manley and Eliza Haywood – were also heavily employed in the writing of political polemic. Situating the writings of the period ag...

  10. Stephen Hawking and the universe a biography

    Sztajnkrycer, Ben


    ABOUT THE BOOK Stephen William Hawking is arguably the most famous scientist since Albert Einstein. He is a theoretical physicist, applied mathematician, and cosmologist, but he is best known to non-scientists as the author of "A Brief History of Time," his best-selling book that unraveled the origins of the universe. His fame is so far-reaching that he has appeared on such popular entertainment as "Star Trek: The Next Generation" and "Late Night with Conan O'Brien." He has even been animated as a character on "The Simpsons." Hawking is also well known for being the longest-living survivor

  11. Einstein une biographie dessinée

    Maier, Corinne


    « Je m'appelle Albert Einstein. En voulant comprendre l'univers, j'ai libéré des forces de destruction terrifiantes. Mais il faut continuer à chercher le grand secret du cosmos. » Albert Einstein (1879-1955) est un immense génie devenu, sans le vouloir, une star de la science. Avec ses théories de la relativité restreinte puis de la relativité générale, il a radicalement transformé nos vies. Voici le récit de son existence passionnée et de ses contributions fondamentales.

  12. Musicians as lifelong learners: discovery through biography

    Smilde, Rineke


    Today musicians face major changes in their professional life, confronted with questions of how to function flexibly and exploit opportunities in the rapidly changing cultural context. To this end, the concept of lifelong learning is being investigated within this study. Biographical research into

  13. Musicians as lifelong learners: 32 biographies

    Smilde, Rineke


    Within the study ‘Musicians as Lifelong Learners: Discovery through Biography’, biographical research was used to examine key developments in the professional lives of musicians, focusing on the relationship between their life, educational and career span ant their learning styles. This resulted in

  14. Dictionary of World Biography: Second edition

    Jones, Barry


    Jones, Barry Owen (1932- ). Australian politician, writer and lawyer, born in Geelong. Educated at Melbourne University, he was a public servant, high school teacher, television and radio performer, university lecturer and lawyer before serving as a Labor MP in the Victorian Parliament 1972-77 and the Australian House of Representatives 1977-98. He took a leading role in reviving the Australian film industry, abolishing the death penalty in Australia, and was the first politician to raise pub...

  15. Davidson's Externalism and Swampman's Troublesome Biography

    André Leclerc


    Full Text Available After the seminal works of Putnam (1975, Burge (1979, and Kripke (1982, the next important contribution to externalism is certainly Davidson’s (mainly 1987, 1988, 1989, 2001. By criticizing the posi-tions of these philosophers, Davidson elaborated his own brand of exter-nalism. We shall first present some features of Davidson’s externalism (the importance of historical-causal connections for the foundation of language and thought, for the explanation of how language can be learned, and how attitudes can be identified by the interpreter, and fi-nally how mental content is determined by appealing to the idea of trian-gulation, to prepare the discussion of a few problems. We then discuss two questions in Davidson’s externalism. First, how to reconcile the fact that external factors determine mental content, as Putnam, Burge and Davidson himself argued convincingly, with token-physicalism, the thesis that mental events are identical with physical events occurring “in the head” (or the thesis that mental events supervenes locally on brain ac-tivities? The second main problem is how to reconcile the first person authority with some prima facie consequences of externalism, mainly that we should know the relevant parts of our (natural and social envi-ronment in order to know the content of our own thoughts? We argue that Davidson’s answer to the first question is not successful, while his answer to the second was a breakthrough.

  16. Henri Poincaré a scientific biography

    Gray, Jeremy


    The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Jeremy Gray explores all the fields that Poincar touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today. Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincar's influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincar conjecture. And Poincar's reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincar the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against ...

  17. Biography of biophenols: past, present and future

    Hassan K. Obied


    Full Text Available ABSTRACTBackground: The term “biophenols” was first coined by Romeo and Uccella in 1996 to denote bioactive phenols in olives replacing the more common and less chemically accurate term “polyphenols”. “Biophenols” has started gaining popularity beyond olive chemistry and currently used by researchers to refer to plant phenols in general. Biophenols constitute the largest group of secondary plant metabolites with ubiquitous presence in plants and wide spectrum of biological activities. During the last three decades, biophenols have seized scientific attention, lured industry and attracted consumers’ interest due to their antioxidative potential in preservation of food and maintaining human health. For the first time, a definition for “biophenols” has been proposed to present a more precise and comprehensive umbrella term to encompass all phenolic compounds of botanical origin. In this article, the author is tracing the landmarks of the history of biophenol research; profiling contemporary research directions; highlighting research controversies and uncertainties; and presenting an outlook of the biophenols future research.Keywords: polyphenols, chemistry, pharmacology, biological activities, antioxidant

  18. Petr Hájek: A Scientific Biography

    Haniková, Zuzana

    Cham: Springer, 2015 - (Montagna, F.), s. 21-38. (Outstanding Contributions to Logic. 6). ISBN 978-3-319-06232-7 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/10/1826 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : fuzzy set theory * fuzzy logic * naive comprehension * non-classical arithmetic Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  19. Trajetórias de vida: repercussões da maternidade adolescente na biografia de mulheres que viveram tal experiência Life paths: repercussions of adolescent motherhood on the biography of women who have lived this experience

    Janine Raymundi Esteves


    Full Text Available Parte do conhecimento disponível na sociedade sobre gravidez adolescente retrata-a como acontecimento marcante que repercute, inevitável e negativamente, na vida da jovem mãe. O trabalho investigou de que formas a maternidade adolescente interferiu na construção da biografia de mulheres que viveram tal processo. Foram entrevistadas 20 mulheres adultas, 10 de classe média e 10 de famílias de baixa renda, que engravidaram antes de completarem 18 anos, e cujos primogênitos têm entre 9 e 15 anos. Cada entrevista foi sintetizada em estruturas nas quais são destacadas informações essenciais sobre: (a características socioeconômicas, culturais e familiares da entrevistada, de seu parceiro, e das respectivas famílias; (b repercussões da gravidez e arranjos subseqüentes; (c experiência da maternidade e interferências percebidas nos relacionamentos familiares e afetivos, nas atividades escolares e de lazer, e nos projetos de futuro; (d vida conjugal. Os dados mostram que ocorreram repercussões de diversas modalidades, que nem sempre foram negativas e limitantes. A maior ou menor magnitude das repercussões decorre, fundamentalmente, das condições de inserção socioeconômica das famílias da mãe adolescente e de seu parceiro, e do contexto em que essas diferentes condições de inclusão e exclusão social ocorrem.Part of the knowledge available on teenage pregnancy pictures it as a defining event which influences, inevitably and negatively, the life of the young mother. This work investigated in what forms adolescent maternity has interfered in the construction of the biography of women who have lived this process. Twenty adult women were interviewed, 10 of them coming from middle-class and 10 from low-income families, who got pregnant before turning 18, and whose first-born are between 9 and 15 years old. Each interview was condensed in structures in which specific essential information are highlighted: (a socio

  20. 由《史记·天官书>看上古社会的星占学思想%The Ideology of Astrology of the Ancient Society in The Biography of Astronomical Officials in the Records of the Grand Historian



    The Biography of Astronomical Officials in the Records of History is the earliest encyclopedia in astronomy handed down from ancient China , and it is a special work summarizing the ideology of astrology of the ancient society .Although astrology is not a science, through The Biography of Astronomical Officials we can have a glance at the theoretical bases and the principles of astrology in the ancient society .The theoretical bases are the harmony of man and nature and the theory of Yin and Yang and five el -ements.The principles are practicing divination on abnormalities , association and comparison , and the concentration on virtues . Therefore , it is of great significance to the study and research of the history of religion , the history of philosophy , the history of poli-tics and the history of culture of ancient China .%《史记·天官书》是我国传世的最早的天文学百科全书,也是一部对上古社会星占学思想予以总结的专书。尽管星占学是非科学的,但透过《天官书》,我们可以一窥上古社会星占学思想的理论基础和星占原则。其理论基础即天人合一观和阴阳五行说。其星占原则即“过度乃占”的原则、联想比拟的原则和关注“德”的原则。由此,对于我国上古社会的宗教史、思想史、政治史和文化史等的考察和研究具有重要意义。

  1. FOREWORD: Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography Peter Clay Eklund: a scientific biography

    Cole, Milton W.; Crespi, Vincent H.; Dresselhaus, Gene F.; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.; Mahan, Gerald D.; Sofo, Jorge O.


    Peter Eklund grew up in Southern California and attended the University of California at Berkeley, majoring in physics. After working for one year at the Lockheed Missile and Space Company in Sunnyvale, California, he left to pursue graduate studies at Purdue University. There he carried out PhD research in strongly correlated electron and phonon systems under the supervision of J M Honig and L L van Zandt. Peter joined the group of Millie and Gene Dresselhaus at MIT in 1974 as a Postdoctoral Fellow after one year as an instructor at the University of Kentucky. At MIT, he continued work on strongly correlated systems in collaboration with Professor David Adler (who had an adjoining office), but for the most part he got excited about sp2 carbon systems and graphite intercalation compounds, a new research direction which the Dresselhaus group had started one year before Peter's arrival at MIT. Over the next 35 years Peter, Millie and Gene co-authored over 50 research articles, several review articles, and a big nine-hundred-and-fifty page book. In 1974, they saw graphite intercalation compounds as a long-neglected research direction of great promise. They studied these new materials together over the next 16 years, focusing on their optical spectroscopy. Their pioneering vibrational spectroscopy studies provided a means to characterize the fundamental properties of carbon materials. Optical spectroscopy became a centerpiece in the research portfolios of all three, both when they were together at MIT and after Peter left for the University of Kentucky in 1977 to start his independent career as an Assistant Professor of Physics. Peter became a full Professor at Kentucky in 1986. He continued to work with Millie and Gene and also acquired an ever-expanding network of students, postdocs and collaborators. As each new carbon nanostructure emerged—graphite intercalation compounds, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and most recently graphene—Peter was at the cutting edge, leading the charge forward. His work on fullerenes, starting around 1988, culminated in a book co-authored with Millie and Gene in 1996, The Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes [1]. Through careful sample handling and analysis, his group at Kentucky discovered the mechanism of photo-polymerization in fullerenes. In 2000, Peter co-edited the research monograph Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene Polymer Composites with A M Rao, a former student [2]. His group at Kentucky also performed the first definitive Raman study of the phonons responsible for superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerene compounds. Peter was awarded the prestigious University of Kentucky Research Professorship for his contributions to graduate education and research discoveries in carbon materials. In the summer of 1991, Peter held early discussions with his two long-time collaborators on the possibility of carbon nanotubes. These discussions inspired a talk by Millie at a fullerene workshop the next day concerning the possible existence of single-walled carbon nanotubes [3]. The first papers by Iijima on the synthesis of multiwalled nanotubes appeared soon thereafter [4]. In 1994, Peter measured an early Raman spectrum on a sample containing just 1% of single-walled tubes. On the basis of this early work, he convinced Rick Smalley to provide him with a proper sample of single-walled carbon nanotubes in 1996; this is the sample on which the highly cited single-walled carbon nanotube Raman spectrum was taken [5]. Carbon nanotubes then became a central focus of the Eklund group. Peter, Millie and Gene worked together on many aspects of carbon nanotubes, including the study of infrared-active modes, Raman active modes, Raman spectra for single-walled nanotubes, and the differences in the Raman spectra of semiconducting and metallic tubes. In 2009 they combined efforts to investigate phonons in graphene. Peter was also an entrepreneur. He started a company, CarboLex, to make and sell nanotubes in large quantities, thereby giving industrial support to advancing fundamental science. He co-founded two additional companies: PhotoStealth produced computer-generated camouflage patterns printed on textiles and ICMR pursued laser-driven synthesis of nanoparticles and coatings. ICMR moved from Lexington to Silicon Valley and evolved into Nanogram, later reorganized as NeoPhotonics. Both CarboLex and NeoPhotonics are still actively engaged in the research and development of nano-materials. Peter joined the Physics Department at Penn State University in 1999, becoming a Distinguished Professor in 2008. In 2002, he also joined the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. In addition to further seminal work on carbon materials, Peter initiated a research effort in semiconducting nanowires, obtaining the first clear evidence of phonon confinement in 1D nanostructures. After the Novoselov-Geim work on monolayer graphene appeared, once again Peter Eklund was there to publish very early Raman spectra on monolayer, bilayer and few-layer graphene. Thus, the work of Peter Eklund unfolds the leading wave of discoveries in carbon nanostructures starting in 1974 and continuing over a thirty-five year period to August 2009. Peter mentored more than 40 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. He co-authored over 300 research articles and more than 20 chapters in monographs. His scientific oeuvre has been cited more than 16 000 times. Peter acquired three US patents with five more pending. He was recognized with the Japan Carbon Award (2008), the American Carbon Society Graffin Award (2005), American Physical Society Fellowship (1990), and visiting/honorary professorships in Nankai University, Yokohama City University, Shinshu University, Tokyo Science University, and (as a visiting scientist) in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. From 2003 to 2006 he was a member of the Solid State Sciences Committee of the US National Academy of Sciences. Peter enjoyed challenges. He was in his glory while interpreting the stories told by experimental data in partnership with his colleagues and research team of dedicated postdocs and students. Peter was admired all over the world for his creativity, his kindness, his engaging personality, his breadth of interests, his sensitive character and his quick wit. Several friends have shared their memories: Kumble Subbaswamy (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter, along with Karen, were the gentlest and most generous souls I have ever met. He picked up stray dogs and stray graduate students alike, nurturing them through sickness and health. I will never forget the hospice-like care he provided to one international student who worked in his lab, but succumbed to cancer. In his early days at Kentucky, when funds to support his research were very scarce, he made frequent visits to the military surplus store nearby and behaved like a kid in a candy store, bringing back all sorts of electrical and mechanical parts for his experiments. It is in no small measure due to this ability that he built such a successful career. Peter was without peer when it came to instrument design and fabrication. I mentioned to him, during my job interview at the University of Kentucky (where he arrived one year before me), my interest in studying the Raman spectra of molten alkali halides. Several months later when I arrived on campus, I was surprised to find he had constructed a beautifully crafted Raman chamber supporting a contactless molten sample! He had anticipated and addressed every possible complication.' Qihua Xiong (Nanyang Technical University, Singapore): 'Peter was a great mentor; he knew how to stimulate students to explore their full potential. Students could knock on his door with questions or with new data any time. He was always patient. He explained physics with his fountain pen on a notepad or with a marker on a white board until students understood. When students made mistakes, he never blamed the student, because he believed it is part of training to allow students to make mistakes. I once designed a mask adapter to connect our existing three-inch photomasks to Srinivas's four-inch mask aligner. The design looked beautiful and the machine shop did a perfect job to machine and polish the piece. Unfortunately, I made a stupid mistake. The central opening was slightly larger than the square vacuum groves behind the mask holder and as a result, it leaked! I was very disappointed in myself, as I not only wasted grant money but also delayed our experiment. Peter patted my shoulder, picked up a sharpie and wrote on the mask adapter, 'even great people make mistakes, but they learn.' So we machined another one, and it worked well. This failure piece still stands on my bookshelf. I keep it as a motto: it warns me not to make any mistakes like that, but more importantly it encourages me to be a supervisor like Peter.' Joe Brill (University of Kentucky, USA): 'Peter's occasional impetuousness and his love of physics are illustrated by the following anecdote. In December, 1979, I had just joined the faculty at the University of Kentucky, excited about the prospect of collaborating with Peter, who had arrived two years before. I was, therefore, dumbfounded when Peter abruptly announced his resignation to join IBM to do research on printer ink. After less than two days at IBM, however, he sheepishly asked to come back to the UK, explaining that he couldn't enjoy doing research that didn't involve 'h-bar'. His UK colleagues, who had not even had the chance to raid his lab, of course agreed with great amusement and relief. His joy and enthusiasm for physics remained contagious and unforgettable.' Milton Cole (Penn State University, USA): 'Somehow my very last conversation with Peter, two days before his death, typified the hundreds of conversations we had about science, or even philosophy. His first words after greeting me consisted of a hypothetical explanation of the physical mechanism of a new intravenous tube he was obliged to use. He conveyed on that occasion the very same excitement that he displayed years earlier when he volunteered to present a demonstration of electrical circuitry to a group of third-grade students. Those eight-year olds became as enthusiastic as Peter. It is no wonder that Peter was so admired and loved.' Jackie Bortiatynski (Penn State University, USA): 'I loved working with Peter on summer science camps for kids. He was creative, funny, brilliant, and an inspiration. I just don't know where he got all his energy. I will truly miss him as a colleague.' Toshiaki Enoki (Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan): 'Peter was very serious in his research work, but he also had an amiable personality with a very good sense of humour. I remember the occasion of a small international workshop, which was chaired by me in Ise, Japan in 1985. We had serious and intensive discussions in the scientific session, then in the evening we enjoyed an excursion and banquet in Ise, a small old town with a famous shrine named Ise Jingu. Peter romped out with joy wearing yukata (Japanese traditional night clothes) after taking a hot spring.' Robert Haddon (University of California, Riverside, USA): 'Peter was the driving force in creating a position for me at the University of Kentucky in 1997. After I joined Kentucky, we immediately focused on the large-scale synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes and we became one of a handful of research groups that could produce single-walled nanotubes in quantity. Soon after, we founded CarboLex and the university was awarded an NSF MRSEC on Advanced Carbon Materials. For most of the time that I spent at Kentucky, our research groups met as a unit and our collaboration greatly assisted me in making the transition to academia. Above all, Peter was a physicist in very much the same tradition as the great colleagues that I had been privileged to work with at the Bell Labs. Peter and Karen made me welcome in their home from the time I arrived in Lexington and I have fond memories of the time we spent together.' Photo Keith Williams (University of Virginia, USA): 'In 1993, Peter introduced me, in the dark, to his postdoc Apparao Rao, who was then doing Raman on C60 at Kentucky. I thought it was pretty interesting and that was how I began working for Peter. I was an exile from high-energy physics: the SSC had just been canceled and I had drifted in and out of biophysics and AMO and finally settled on Peter's brand of experimental nanomaterials physics. I immediately enjoyed Peter's ingenuity and his wonderful sense of humour. One aspect of Peter's character not widely appreciated by his students was his thrift: if something could be made, borrowed (with or without consent), or used after-hours then he always advocated that strongly. More than once, we got demo equipment, ran an all-nighter on it to collect data and then sent it back a day later. Almost nothing was bought off the shelf! Peter attributed these tendencies to his ancestry, and that was an unending joke between us. Of course, the strategy of making every penny count benefited me greatly in the long run, and last year I told him I had outdone him in my lab: almost everything was built from scratch, and everything else was on loan. He smiled a proud smile. On the personal side, however, Peter was always very generous; I fondly recall the dinners with him and Karen and the other students, their beloved dogs, with the Beach Boys inevitably playing in the background. Peter and Karen were wonderful to me and so many other students, and it didn't surprise me at all to learn that Peter's last scientific concern was that a proposal had been funded and that his students were going to be okay.' Kenichi Kojima (Yokohama City University, Japan): 'In 1997, Peter came to Yokohama as a Guest Professor at Yokohama City University to give his lectures to our graduate students. Peter was an excellent lecturer, of course. But when I played tennis with him for the first time, I found that he was an amazing tennis player as well. He hit the ball really hard, and his serves were amazingly fast. During his stay, Peter liked stopping over at a typical traditional Japanese-style pub for dinner by himself. One day he wanted to have a beer before dinner. However, he was not sure how to order draft beer in Japanese, and the manager of the pub did not understand English. He carefully listened to what the customers around him said when they ordered beer. He then said in a loud voice, 'Please give me a glass of mama beer.' In Japan, female servers in pubs are often called 'mama' by customers, and we call draft beer 'nama beer' because 'nama' means 'living' in Japanese. Probably 'nama' sounded like 'mama' to Peter. Later he proudly told me, with a happy smile, how he got a delicious draft Kirin beer. Peter loved not only science but also traditional Japanese culture. He was a polished person. I would like to show you the words written in his own hand in my visitor's book when he came to my home after playing tennis in 1997. May his soul rest in peace!' Photo Millie Dresselhaus (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA): 'At the time of Peter's entry into the study of sp2 carbons in 1974, the field was an eclectic area of science that only interested a small group of aficionados. Through his many contributions during the next 35 years as well as those of others, the field has grown dramatically, and now it is a major area of interest in condensed matter and materials physics worldwide. Working on joint projects together with Peter Eklund was both educational and enjoyable. In our joint efforts, I was responsible for the big picture, Peter was the master of experimental details and Gene Dresselhaus was the man responsible for getting things done well and on time. During the last 35 years of his life, starting from his postdoctoral period, we enjoyed a close working relation, especially for the first 25 of these years, overlapping with his stay at the University of Kentucky. As his career developed, our relationship changed from a postdoctoral advisor, to a collaborator, friend, and confidant. After his mother passed away I assumed the role of his 'second mother' as he called me. We remained very close personally, even though far away in location and despite his many other professional collaborators. Looking to the future, life without Peter will never be the same.' References [1] Dresselhaus M S, Dresselhaus G, and Eklund P C 1996 Science of Fullerenes and Carbon Nanotubes (New York: Academic Press) [2] Eklund P C and Rao A M 1999 Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene-Polymer Composites (Springer Series in Materials Science vol 38) (Berlin: Springer) [3] Dresselhaus M S 1991 Recent advances in electronic materials Proc. of the 38th Sagamore Army Mater. Res. Conf. (Watertown, MA, Materials Technology Laboratory) ed Thomas V Hynes p 45 [4] Iijima S 1991 Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon Nature 354 56-8 [5] Rao A M, Richter E, Bandow S, Chase B, Eklund P C, Williams K W, Fang S, Subbaswamy K R, Menon M, Thess A, Smalley R E, Dresselhaus G and Dresselhaus M S 1997 Diameter-selective Raman scattering from vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes Science 275 187-91

  2. 从落第士子到人世贤杰——论《柳毅传》中古代士子的人格修习%From Poor Scholars to Great Thinkers——on the Personality Cultivation of Scholars in Old Times from Biography of Liu Yi



    儒家文化是中国传统文化的主体 ,儒家理想人格是古代士人自我人格修习的准则 ,也是中国古代正面文学典型的人格形态.唐传奇《柳毅传》中以柳毅为代表的艺术形象 ,即是儒家"仁义礼智信""五常之道"人格理想的人生实践.%The Confucian culture is the main body of Chinese traditional culture and Confucian ideal personality is the criterion of ancient scholar's self -personality practice ,which is also the typical per-sonality in Chinese positive literature in ancient times.In Tang Chuan-qi's Biography of Liu Yi ,Liu Yi is the representative art figure ,that is ,Confucian ideal life practice——Benevolence ,Justice ,Cour-tesy ,Wisdom and Faith.

  3. 重构“知识”主题--埃柯历史编纂元小说对史传文学的“摹拟”%Reconstruction of Knowledge-The Mimicking Historical Biography of Eco’s Historiography Meta-fiction



    现代主义拒斥宏大历史和宏大叙事,但是埃柯的历史编纂元小说却重拾过去成为历史的能力,为了道德目标而重新建立起寓言性的伟大故事。埃柯的小说《玫瑰的名字》、《傅科摆》和《昨日之岛》分别探讨了“禁锢”的知识、“穿凿”的知识以及“滥用”的知识,在这些小说中,埃柯通过对史传文学的“摹拟”,揭露了知识话语对历史文本的权力摄控。在拒绝深度的后现代,埃柯通过其小说创作重新发现了过去对现在、对未来的意义,并将其深刻的思考寄寓其中。%Postmodernism rejects grand history and grand narrative, but Eco’s historiography meta-fiction has regained the ability to make the past become history, in order to re-establish the great moral goal. Eco’s novel Name of the Rose, Foucault pendulum and Yesterday’s Island discussed the locking of knowledge, the far-fetched knowledge, and the abuse of knowledge. In the novels, by mimicking historical biography, Eco revealed knowledge discourse controls the history texts. Postmodern times refusing depth, but these novels rediscovered the past right now and put the profound thought in them.

  4. Implicaciones del VIH/SIDA en la biografía de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la Ciudad de México Implications of AIDS on the biography of men with homoerotics practices in Mexico City

    Gabriel Gallego-Montes


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar los cambios en la configuración biográfica de un conjunto de varones con prácticas homoeróticas en la era del sida. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se aplicó una encuesta retrospectiva durante el primer semestre de 2006 a una muestra intencional de 250 varones en la Ciudad de México. Con ellos fue posible reconstruir 633 historias de pareja ocurridas en diferentes momentos del tiempo. Por otro lado, tomando como base el comportamiento epidemiológico del VIH/SIDA en México, se construyeron tres cohortes de emparejamiento: "antes del sida" 1970-1984; 1985-1995 o periodo de "crecimiento exponencial" y 1996-2005 o de "estabilización" de la epidemia. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo en estudio se encontró una menor exclusividad sexual y una menor duración en las relaciones de pareja, entre cohortes de emparejamientos. Este proceso ha sido documentado en otros lugares y se le ha llamado de "distensión sexual". CONCLUSIONES: El estudio aporta elementos para una historia social de la epidemia y el mejoramiento de políticas públicas de prevención en torno al VIH/SIDA.OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in the biography of men with homoerotic practices in the times of AIDS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective (biographical survey was administered during the first semester of 2006 to 250 gay/homosexual men in Mexico City. Based on this survey, 633 couple stories, taking place in different time periods, were reconstructed. In addition, taking into account the epidemiologic behavior of HIV-AIDS in Mexico, three couple cohorts were defined as: "before AIDS" 1970-1984; period of "exponential growth" 1985-1995; and "stabilization period" 1996-2005. The 633 stories are distributed along these time-frames, taking the starting date of each relationship as the criterion. RESULTS: During the period of this study, less sexual exclusivity and shorter duration of sexual relationships were found among couple cohorts. The latter process has been

  5. Science and controversy a biography of Sir Norman Lockyer

    Meadows, A


    Sir Norman Lockyer left Nature, the world''s leading scientific journal, as his lasting memorial. But his life, and controversial theories, are an important part of science history. His ideas were at the forefront of public debate, and ranged from brilliant to perverse. This entertaining book is a fascinating insight into his eventful life

  6. Becoming Intimate with Developmental Knowledge: Pedagogical Explorations with Collective Biography

    Pacini-Ketchabaw, Veronica; Kummen, Kathleen; Thompson, Deborah


    In this article, we draw on postfoundational frameworks to make visible the subjectification processes by which practitioners simultaneously master and become mastered by developmental theories. We emphasize the implication of the entire minded-body in the processes of the developmental worker formation. We show these processes through empirical…

  7. Etienne-Jules Marey: a short biography and appreciation

    Haddleton, Graham P.


    As a "son" of Beaune it seems appropriate to give a short appreciation of the work of Marey, as a pioneer in the field of high speed and motion recording photography, at this Congress held in his birthplace. Not only was he a notable physicist but he was a very often under appreciated pioneer of scientific photography, especially as applied to motion recording and analysis. It can be rightfully claimed that his work makes him an important element in the discovery of cinematography in general. His contemporary (and at times collaborator) Muybridge seems to have been credited with much of the acclaim in this field, possible because of his more extrovert character, and possible because of Marey's many other notable scientific achievements. Marey had invented a high-speed camera capable of 700 pps by 1894!

  8. Professor Borje Kullenberg (1906-1991): Biography and bibliography

    Sengupta, R.; Eriksson, G.

    , Bijrje Kullenberg. Bijrje was born on 11 May 1906 in the village of Hjarup, near Lund in SkHnaborgslHn in southern Sweden. He graduated from the University of Lund in 1928, the student of Professor Vagn Walfrid Ekman, one of the pioneers... of oceanography. Borje often was the only student in some of Prof. Ekman’s lectures on mechanics and mathematical physics, which created an environment that developed the direction of the future research of this student. The great talent scout, Prof. Hans...

  9. West Creates Biography Of "Fritz Muller, A Naturalist In Brazil"

    Harris, Sally L.


    Some caterpillars can adjust the color of their chrysalids, or pupae, from brown to green to camouflage them in their environment, so it's no wonder butterflies have evolved to mimic toxic butterflies to save themselves from predators.

  10. $\\pi$ a biography of the world's most mysterious number

    Posamentier, Alfred S


    This enlightening and stimulating approach to mathematics will entertain lay readers while improving their mathematical literacy. We all learned that the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter is called pi and that the value of this algebraic symbol is roughly 3.14. What we weren't told, though, is that behind this seemingly mundane fact is a world of mystery, which has fascinated mathematicians from ancient times to the present. Simply put, pi is weird. Mathematicians call it a "transcendental number" because its value cannot be calculated by any combination of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and square root extraction. This elusive nature has led intrepid investigators over the years to attempt ever-closer approximations. In 2002, a Japanese professor using a supercomputer calculated the value to 1.24 trillion decimal places! Nonetheless, in this huge string of decimals there is no periodic repetition. In this delightful layperson's introduction to one of math's most interes...

  11. Physics 1922 - 1941 including presentation speeches and laureates' biographies

    Zhou, Yong


    Physics presents Nobel Lectures on physics from the period of 1922 to 1941. This book is organized into 18 parts encompassing 36 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The first parts explore the advances in understanding the atom structure, experimental studies of electrons, X-ray spectra of the atomic structure, kinetic energy of free electrons, and discontinuous structure of matter. These topics are followed by discussions on the laws governing the thermionic phenomena, wave nature of electron, light molecular scattering, the development of quantum mechanics, properties of neut

  12. Aaron Temkin Beck (born July 18, 1921- Biography

    K. Fatih Yavuz


    Full Text Available he American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy, psychopathology, suicide, and psychometrics, which led to his creation of cognitive therapy, for which he received the 2006 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is also known for his creation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale and the Beck Anxiety Inventory, and has founded the Beck Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in which his daughter, Dr. Judith Beck, works. He is married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has eight grandchildren.

  13. Biography of Jack Holland (1926-2014: Chert expert

    William Engelbrecht


    Full Text Available Jack was born and grew up in Lock Haven Pennsylvania, the son of William G. Holland and Florence (Davies Holland. He had an older brother, William and a younger brother, Donald. Jack spent much of his boyhood roaming the surrounding flood plains of the West Branch of the Susquehanna River looking for arrowheads. As Jack recalled, his parents gave him a great deal of freedom, just asking that he be home in time for dinner. Dr. T. B. Stewart, a Lock Haven dentist, encouraged Jack’s early archaeological interest, helping him to identify specimens. Dr. Stewart had an extensive archaeological collection and had worked with Donald Cadzow, Pennsylvania’s State Archaeologist (1929-1939. Dr. Stewart was also one of the founders of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology, an organization with which Jack would later become involved and that bestowed their J. Alden Mason Award on him as a professional who encouraged society members in the “proper pursuit of archaeology.” 

  14. [Pathography and biography of the Empress Maria Theresa].

    Habek, D; Masić, I


    The empress and queen Maria Theresa Habsburg-Lorraine (May 13th, 1917-November 29th, 1780) bore sixteen children in the marriage with the emperor Franz I Stepha and was famous as "mother-in-law of Europe". Her brother Leopold died immediately after he was born, her sister Amalia died in the cradle and Maria Ana died of perinatal complications at the birth of a dead infant in 1744. The famous hereditary facial dysmorphia of the "Hasburg jawe" wasn't noticed in Maria Theresa's surviving children. In October of 1738, after giving birth to her daughter Ana, a manual lysis of the placenta was performed due to the retained placenta and postpartal bleeding. In 1741 her daughter Carolina died, and in 1767 her daughter Josepha died of small pox. Her daughter Elizabeth remained deformed by the pock marks, and Maria Christina got a puerperal sepsis, but surprisingly, didn't die. Maria Antoinette ended under a guillotine in France, along with her husband Luis XVI. Maria Theresa's father, Karl VI died of the cholecystopankreatitis and peritonitis, and her husband and co-ruler most probably died of acute coronary incident in August 18th, 1765. After her husband's death she started suffering from depression with steady necrophile obsessions. Maria Theresa suffered from a chronical obstructional pulmonary disease (asthma), rehumatic syndromes, hypertension and anxiodepressive syndromes. In 1767 she had small pox. In November 11th 1780 she caught a cold which grew into a pneumonia with high fever. She died of cardiopulmonal dedompensation preceded by pneumonia and asthma. PMID:11769437

  15. Biography and Discipline: Key Players in Simulation/Gaming

    Kikkawa, Toshiko; Crookall, David


    This issue of S&G is devoted to people--to the gamers who have made and are making the exciting discipline of simulation gaming possible. All disciplines that hope for a bright future must record their origins and development. This is particularity the case for a field as fuzzy and interdisciplinary as simulation/gaming. The symposium dedicated to…

  16. Restabilizing attachment to cultural objects. Aesthetics, emotions and biography.

    Benzecry, Claudio E


    The scholarship on aesthetics and materiality has studied how objects help shape identity, social action and subjectivity. Objects, as 'equipment[s] for living' (Luhmann 2000), become the 'obligatory passage points humans have to contend with in order to pursue their projects (Latour 1991). They provide patterns to which bodies can unconsciously latch onto, or help human agents work towards particular states of being (DeNora 2000, 2003). Objects are central in the long term process of taste construction, as any attachment to an object is made out of a delicate equilibrium of mediators, bodies, situations and techniques (Hennion and his collaborators (Hennion and Fouquet 2001; Hennion and Gomart 1999). In all of these accounts objects are the end result of long-term processes of stabilization, in which the actual material object (a musical piece, a sculpture, an art installation, a glass of wine, the oeuvre of Bach as we know it) is both a result and yet a key co-producer of its own generation. Whereas the literature has been generous and detailed in exploring the processes of assembling and sustaining object-centered attachments, it has not sufficiently engaged with what happens when the aesthetic elements of cultural artifacts that have produced emotional resonance are transformed: what do these artifacts morph into? What explains the transition (or not) of different cultural objects? And relatedly, what happens to the key aesthetic qualities that were so central to how the objects had been defined, and to those who have emotionally attached to them? To answer these questions, this article uses as exemplars two different cases of attachment, predicated on the distinctive features of a cultural object--the transcendence of opera and the authenticity of a soccer jersey--that have undergone transformations. PMID:26560345

  17. Biography, history and the Indonesian novel : Reading Salah Asuhan

    Keith Foulcher


    Full Text Available The novel Salah Asuhan (Wrong Upbringing, written by the Indonesian nationalist politician and journalist Abdoel Moeis, has long held an honoured place in the modern Indonesian literary canon. It was originally published in 1928 by Balai Poestaka, the Netherlands Indies government printing house, and by 1995 it had been reprinted twenty-three times. In summary form, it has been studied by generations of Indonesian schoolchildren, and in 1972 it was adapted by Asrul Sani as a successful feature film. Critics and historians of modern Indonesian literature have always regarded Salah Asuhan as a literary milestone. It is admired for the maturity of its author’s literary imagination, as well as the modernity of its language and style. In linguistic terms, it is seen as one of the pioneering literary expressions of the language which was designated as Bahasa Indonesia in the very year of the novel’s publication. It exercises an additional fascination for literary critics and historians because of the circumstances of its publication. The form in which it was originally written is now unknown, for the novel was only published after a lengthy delay and a series of revisions which the author made to the text after seeing his manuscript languish for more than a year under the scrutiny of Balai Poestaka’s editors. As a result, the original conception of Salah Asuhan remains a mystery. Indeed, it is one of the greatest puzzles in a literary history that is so full of documentary lacunae that its serious study remains a source of ongoing challenge and frustration.

  18. Michael J. Holden, Commander, United States Navy: a biography

    Holden, Michael J.


    I am assigned as Military Faculty to the Naval Postgraduate School Computer Science Department and am simultaneously pursuing my doctorate. Among other things, my research concerns Software Engineering and Control Software for the NPS Phoenix robot minisubmarine.

  19. Shades of Venice in the Biography of Hegumen Pallady Rogovsky

    Alexey Yastrebov


    Full Text Available Pallady Rogovsky was the first Russian doctor of theology and philosophy. While a student of the Slavyano-Greek-Latin Academy directed by the Brothers Lichudes, he left his homeland for the West in order to obtain a full university education. The years which he spent in Europe and particularly in Italy have attracted little notice on the part of Church historians. The study of unpublished materials in Italian archives together with those already published by the Russian researcher E. Shmurlo from the archive of the Propaganda de Fide and the Greek College, which however, remain unnoticed for the great majority of academics, permit us to have an idea of what occupied Rogovsky during this time, as well as to draw a more precise portrait of his personality. Most remarkable is the fact of his priestly ordination in the Roman Catholic Church and the correspondence relating to Rome’s acceptance of his Russian Orthodox diaconal ordination. One of the most informative documents found among those relating to his ordination and addressed to the Roman Curia is the letter of a Russian Catholic, the deacon (later defrocked Petr Artem’ev, in which Artem’ev revealed that Rogovsky already had converted to Roman Catholicism before he left Russia. Equally noteworthy is Rogovsky’s own letter which he composed while in Venice and in which he formulated his plans for the propagation of Roman Catholicism in Russia

  20. Biografia intelektualna Emila Ciorana (Emil Cioran's Intellectual Biography

    Sławomir Piechaczek


    Full Text Available On the formation of Cioran’s vision of the world and man, influenced largely his belonging to precisely this and no other nation. Romanian fatalism, inability to illusions, seeing the inevitable, the Romanian people’s faith in the fact that sin and creation are the same and constant accusations against this creation are the constitutiveelements of Cioran’s thought. Carrying the baggage of experiences of the nation thrown out of history and time, Cioran, as a Romanian emigrant in France, found the best model for his own writing in rhetorical and satirical tradition of the French moralists of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, who were a combination of“lyrical sublimity and cynicism”, gentleness and hell. They showed him not only what is uncompromising in pursuing the motives of human action, looking at every thing from many different perspectives, or suspicion of any kind of doctrine, but they also became for him a model of style. Of all literary forms cultivated by moralists, Cioranappreciated most the fragment, that is to say a closed form, often paradoxical and witty that having nothing in common with the characteristic for large systems long strings of argument – that was a form of recording experience, and like this experience, assumed discontinuity. Being a spokesperson for the “philosophy of the onlymoments”, Cioran advocated not only against the system, but also against academic philosophy – grown with indifference, regardless of the state of mind, it seemed to him the result of reduction of vitality and a kind of escape into the impersonal world of unrest. State, which fully made Cioran realize the futility resorting to this kind of philosophy, was insomnia, from which the Romanian philosopher had suffered more or less since he was seventeen. According to the author of the Fall in the Time insomnia and boredom are the “minimum imbalance”, which we have to experience, when we want to get closer to some essential truths about man. However, the price that we pay for it, is to get overly heightened awareness and inability to re-engage in life. The “extreme sobriety of look” leads to skepticism, which in the twentieth century in the works of Romanian thinker has its most perfect expression.

  1. Biography, history and the Indonesian novel : Reading Salah Asuhan

    Keith Foulcher


    The novel Salah Asuhan (Wrong Upbringing), written by the Indonesian nationalist politician and journalist Abdoel Moeis, has long held an honoured place in the modern Indonesian literary canon. It was originally published in 1928 by Balai Poestaka, the Netherlands Indies government printing house, and by 1995 it had been reprinted twenty-three times. In summary form, it has been studied by generations of Indonesian schoolchildren, and in 1972 it was adapted by Asrul Sani as a successful featu...

  2. Physics 1942 - 1962 including presentation speeches and laureates' biographies

    Zhou, Yong


    Physics 1942 - 1962 presents Nobel Lectures on physics from 1942 to 1962. This book is 20 chapters that cover various Nobel physics subjects. The opening chapters deal with the topics of molecular ray methods, exclusion principle, quantum mechanics, the ionosphere, development of the Meson theory, interaction between high-speed nucleons and atomic nuclei, and the artificial production of fast particles. Other chapters discuss the principle of nuclear induction, research in nuclear magnetism, the discovery of phase contrast, statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics, the hydrogen atom

  3. Learning in Life History - psycho-societal interpretation of biographies

    Olesen, Henning Salling


    Taking its point of departure from some critical remarks about some of the most important recent theorizing of learning, this article presents an alternative framework for theorizing learning as a subjective process in a social and societal context, based on life history research. The key concept...

  4. Constructing and Engaging Biography: Considerations for High School English Teachers

    Edmondson, Jacqueline


    In contemporary contexts, young people are accustomed to life story; indeed, their lives are saturated with constructions of their stories and those of others, whether created by themselves or their "friends" on social networks. Multimedia outlets convey often detailed stories of more-famous others, whether celebrities or those experiencing…

  5. Reviews Book: Marie Curie: A Biography Book: Fast Car Physics Book: Beautiful Invisible Equipment: Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Book: Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You Book: Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book: Seven Wonders of the Universe Book: Special Relativity Equipment: LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition Places to Visit: Edison and Ford Winter Estates Places to Visit: The Computer History Museum Web Watch


    WE RECOMMEND Fun Fly Stick Science Kit Fun fly stick introduces electrostatics to youngsters Special Relativity Text makes a useful addition to the study of relativity as an undergraduate LabVIEWTM 2009 Education Edition LabVIEW sets industry standard for gathering and analysing data, signal processing, instrumentation design and control, and automation and robotics Edison and Ford Winter Estates Thomas Edison's home is open to the public The Computer History Museum Take a walk through technology history at this computer museum WORTH A LOOK Fast Car Physics Book races through physics Beautiful Invisible The main subject of this book is theoretical physics Quantum Theory Cannot Hurt You A guide to physics on the large and small scale Chaos: The Science of Predictable Random Motion Book explores the mathematics behind chaotic behaviour Seven Wonders of the Universe A textual trip through the wonderful universe HANDLE WITH CARE Marie Curie: A Biography Book fails to capture Curie's science WEB WATCH Web clips to liven up science lessons

  6. A Masterpiece which Displays the Spectacular Event of Library in Anhui Province---On The Biography of Bibliophile in Anhui%展现安徽藏书盛况的一部力作--《安徽藏书家传略》读后



    The private collection of books in China has a history of two thousand years,which plays a u-nique role in the history of culture.As a center of literature,Anhui province has attracted much atten-tion from Han and Tang Dynasties to modern times for its culture of collection of books.What's more,a large quantity of respectable scholars who have unmatched love for collection of books have appeared during this period.The Biography of Bibliophile in Anhui,which is written by Liu Shangheng and Zheng Ling,is based on the grand collection of books in Anhui.The book reveals the abundant cultural heritage and historical connotations in Anhui,it takes the time and regions as clues to list more than 500 bibliophiles from the Han Dynasty to modern times in Anhui,and describes the life story ,the story of collection of books and the academic ideas of more than ten bibliophiles with appropriate details,illustra-tion and well organization .The book has a high academic and literature value ,meanwhile,it allows us to catch a glimpse of the long history of the culture of private collection of books in Anhui,therefore,it is a masterpiece which displays the spectacular event of library in Anhui province.%中国的私家藏书有2000多年的历史,它在文化史上占有独特的地位,安徽作为文献之邦,其藏书文化历来备受世人瞩目,从汉唐讫至近代,涌现了一大批酷爱藏书的文人志士,久为世重。刘尚恒、郑玲两位先生基于安徽的藏书盛况编撰《安徽藏书家传略》,该书以时间和地域为线索,罗列了从汉朝至近代安徽的500多位藏书家,并详细介绍了十余位主要藏书家的生平事迹、藏书事迹、学术思想等,详略得当,图文并茂,条理清晰,具有很高的学术价值和文献价值,完美彰显了安徽作为文献之邦的丰厚的文化底蕴和历史内涵,也让我们有幸窥探了安徽私家藏书文化的源远流长,不愧是展现安徽藏书盛况的一部力作。

  7. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    Marie-Christine Varol


    Full Text Available L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : le récit de voyage, le récit exemplaire, le traité sur les us et coutumes, les mémoires romancées, les proverbes. On y trouve aussi des éléments très ottomans comme le journal personnel, tenant compte des menus faits, des dépenses et des rentrées, dont P. Dumont et F. Georgeon (1985 ont montré qu’il s’agissait d’une habitude ottomane bien utile comme source d’information historique. L’auteur se livre dans cette œuvre à une critique acerbe et comique des pesanteurs du système ottoman, qui font obstacle à toute initiative, mais il critique aussi les raideurs communautaires qui pèsent comme un carcan sur l’initiative personnelle, l’inadaptation des structures et, partant, l’inefficacité des stratégies mises en place pour survivre par les individus. Cependant, son œuvre révèle en creux une certaine nostalgie pour le monde disparu. On perçoit l’admiration du héros et son attachement à certaines valeurs de ce monde ancien, et l’on ne peut s’empêcher de lui donner raison lorsqu’on mesure ce que les communautés juives ont perdu avec la disparition de l’Empire ottoman.The fictionalized autobiography of Eliya Karmona How Eliya Karmona was born, how he grew up and how he became the director of Djugetón casts a critical eye on the tribulations of a young Jewish man in the last years of sultanate from 1884 to 1908. In sarcastic mode, with self-irony, he builds on his disappointments a picaresque novel which conforms to the law of the genre, but which has common features with other aspects of genres cultivated by Spanish Jews: accounts of travel, exemplary narratives, the treatise on the ways and customs, the fictionalized remembrances, the proverbs. Very Ottoman elements are also found there, like the private diary recounting minor deeds expenditure and receipts, which have shown concerned an Ottoman practice very useful as a source of historical information. The author has a sharp and comical critical view of gravity of the Ottoman system which obstructs every initiative, but he also criticizes the communal inflexibility which heavily constrains personal initiative, the inadaptability of the structures and consequently the ineffectiveness of the strategies put in place by individuals to survive. Nevertheless his work indirectly reveals a certain nostalgia for the vanished world. One perceives the hero’s admiration and his attachment to certain old world values, and one cannot refrain from admitting that he is correct when one measures what the Jewish communities have lost with the disappearance of the Ottoman empire.

  8. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona Ottoman empire through picaresque biography of Eliya Karmona

    Marie-Christine Varol


    L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...

  9. Faulkner: A Biography. By Joseph Blotner. New York: Random House, 1974. Faulkner: A Biography. By Joseph Blotner. New York: Random House, 1974.

    Eileen Klink


    Full Text Available Until the publication of The Sound and the Fury, October 7, 1929, William Faulkner knew more rejection than acceptance. Sartoris, published early the same year, had received mixed reviews, and Faulkner was "disappointed and discouraged by its reception" (Blotner: 236. However, The Sound and the Fury granted him his first taste of critical acclaim and international fame; he was heralded as a new Euripides, and his book was compared with Greek tragedy. Until the publication of The Sound and the Fury, October 7, 1929, William Faulkner knew more rejection than acceptance. Sartoris, published early the same year, had received mixed reviews, and Faulkner was "disappointed and discouraged by its reception" (Blotner: 236. However, The Sound and the Fury granted him his first taste of critical acclaim and international fame; he was heralded as a new Euripides, and his book was compared with Greek tragedy.

  10. A Network Biography: Reflecting on a Journey from Birth to Maturity of a Networked Learning Community

    Fox, Alison; Haddock, June; Smith, Tracy


    This article charts the development of a networked learning community (NLC). NLCs were established by the National College for School Leadership in 2002 connecting groups of schools to further both pupil and teacher learning. This study examines one sub-network in a London borough, focused on developing Assessment for Learning practices. The…

  11. Mexican and Mexican-American Literature for the Junior High School. Short Story, Novel, Biography.

    San Jose Unified School District, CA.

    Mexican and Mexican American literature for use with existing literature programs is presented in this curriculum guide for junior high school instruction. Purposes of the guide are to improve instruction for both Mexican American students and those of other ethnic backgrounds and to emphasize that American history and literature should be…

  12. Biography of Aureal T. Cross: World class coal geologist, palynologist, paleobotanist and educator

    Phillips, Tom L. [Department of Plant Biology, School of Integrative Biology, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)


    An Ohioan by birth, June 4, 1916, in Findlay, Hancock County, Aureal T. Cross grew up an Iowan on a dairy farm near Waterloo at Castle Hill. He was the second of five children of Congregational Minister Raymond W. and Mrs. Myra Jane Coon Cross. Aureal's grade school education was mostly in a one-room school at Castle Hill, then to East Waterloo, junior high and high school, where music was as important as farm work before and after classes. On a history and music scholarship at Coe College in Cedar Rapids, Aureal was drawn to L. R. Wilson's physical geology course and the summer reconnaissance trips. Graduating from Coe College in 1939 with an honors thesis on pollen analysis, Aureal completed his Masters in 1941 and a PhD thesis in 1943 at the University of Cincinnati with J. H. Hoskins on Pennsylvanian age plants from coal-balls. During 1942-1946 he taught premedical U.S. Navy students at the University of Notre Dame with a 1943-1944 leave as a National Research Council Fellow. Aureal and Christina Aleen Teyssier met during 1943 in Pittsburgh and married in 1945. Aureal replaced K. E. Caster, his paleontology mentor, for three and one half years (1946-1949) in the Geology Department at Cincinnati, and did field mapping for the Ohio Geological Survey during the summers. Cross established (1949-1957) productive graduate training and research programs in the West Virginia University Geology Department and the West Virginia Geologic and Economic Survey where he had dual appointments. His move (1957-1961) to Exploration Geology, at Amoco's Pan American Petroleum Corporation Research Center in Tulsa, Oklahoma, permitted him to develop and supervise a major palynological research group. The return to academia (1961) at Michigan State University in East Lansing resulted in one of the most comprehensive graduate training programs in paleobotany, palynology, biostratigraphy and paleoecology in North America. Although Aureal Cross officially retired in 1986, he has continued research projects, publication of manuscripts, attends professional meetings with Aleen, and has kept in touch with several generations of his students as well as with many colleagues. He has received numerous awards, none more deserved than those recognizing his outstanding contributions as a teacher, coal geologist, and paleobotanist. (author)

  13. The biography and biology of liberty: Abraham Kuyper and the American experiment

    John Witte, Jr.


    Full Text Available In part because of Johan van der Vyver’s pioneering work, Abraham Kuyper, the Dutch theologian, educator, journalist, and politician, is well-known in South Africa. This article examines the lesser-known relationship between Kuyper's political theology and American law and politics. Kuyper praised American constructions of religious liberty and pluralism, separation of church and state, and free association and political pluralism. In Kuyper’s view, these were the political fruits of an historical Calvinism that needed to be restored to political respectability if the American experiment was to live up to its promise. While taking much of Kuyper’s point, this article argues that Kuyper both overstated the Calvinist contributions to the American experiment, and failed to appreciate the unique covenantal theology that informed the Puritan Calvinist legal and political contributions that were made. Two illustrations of this influence are offered: (I how the Puritans' emerging theology o f liberty of covenant contributed to American views of religious liberty; and (2 how the Puritans’ emerging sociology of covenants o f liberty contributed uniquely to American views of social and political pluralism.

  14. “Learning discourse”: learning biographies, embedded speech and discoursal identity in students' talk

    Evans, Robert


    The main research question of this study is: What discourses of learning and identity do students develop in relation to their individual learning histories, their experience of learning and of knowledge-acquisition in the HE environment, and how critically reflective are students of the positioning enacted through the dominant discourses of the HE environment with particular regard to institutional discourses of academic learning and knowledge? Rationale: The university is seen as a ...

  15. Unbridling the Tongues of Women: a biography of Catherine Helen Spence

    Magarey, Susan


    Originally published in 1985, this revised edition with an updated Introduction, is being published by the University of Adelaide Press to commemorate the anniversary of Catherine Helen Spence's death on 3 April 1910. Catherine Helen Spence was a charismatic public speaker in the late nineteenth century, a time when women were supposed to speak only at their own firesides. In challenging the custom and convention that confined middle-class women to the domestic sphere, she was carving a n...

  16. Changing social patterns of relation to work - Qualitative approach through biographies and group interviews

    Vendramin, Patricia


    This report gathers the analyses that have been conducted in each country in the framework of the SPREW project (social patterns of relationship to work)in a common qualitative approach, consisting in a total of 163 narrative interviews and 18 group interviews. A common methodological design supports this in-depth empirical study. The first chapter proposes a synthesis overview of all contributions. The report provides a renewed perspective on the meaning of work for different generations


    Gábor LUKÁCS


    Full Text Available 210 years ago Nagyváthy János published the first systematic, agricultural trade book, called ’Diligent Farmers’ in Hungarian in Pest. This outstanding person of our agricultural history was born on 19th January 1755, in Miskolc. After leaving the Protestant secondary grammar school in Miskolc, he studied law and theology in Sárospatak. At the Protestant secondary grammar school in Losonc he became a ’Subrector’, that is, the the teacher of poetry. Due to a serious illness affecting his eyes he left this job and went to Pest for medical treatment. During the long therapy he visited the lectures of Mitterpacher Lajos, who was the most excellent theoratical agricultural specialist in the country. In 1782 he took military service for four years, in the Duka cavalry regiment, where he reached the rank of a captain and he was garrisoned in Belgium, Italy and Austria. As a commisariat officer he got to know the more developed agriculture of Europe, and it was at that time that he studied agricultural technical literature. In 1786 he had a relapse of his eye disease therefore he left the army and tried to find a cure in Vienna. Here he got acquainted with Jordán Péter, director of the domains of the court, who employed him as an assistant. During the time he spent in the domain of Vöslau, he could completed his academic knowledge with practical experience. In 1788 he moved to Pest where he made friends with Kazinczy, Batsányi, Verseghy and Széchenyi Ferenc, who were the representatives of the most progressive group of nobility. He became the member of the ’Magnanamitas’ Masonic Lodge. In 179o he published four pamphlets anonymously called ’ The change of religion’, ’Civil prediction from the stars’, ’The red friend’, ’Hours of joy in the life of a true Hungarian patriot’. In 1791 he published ’The diligent farmer’ in two volumes on 1213 pages recommending it to the ’sweaty Hungarian farmer’. In this book he wrote about all his experience and the regularities regarding animals and plants discovered by the developing sciences. His main source is ’Elementa rei rusticae’ by Mitterpacher but he also mentioned 51 different books as sources, (34 of them in the section about plant cultivation. Plant cultivation had the same importance and number of pages as in the work of Mitterpacher but animal husbandry had twice as many pages. He wrote about the breeding of all farm animals but it was not the chapters on animal husbandry that pointed ahead but his remarks to help the rationalization of farming and the fact that he wrote about plant cultivation and animal husbandry as a whole. The book made him well-known in the country. He was offered the post of a land steward by Széchenyi Ferenc and Festetics György. Accepting the latter he moved to Keszthely and he took over the management of the domain of 162ooo acres. The earl left the army at that time and started to restore his neglected domain. Nagyváthy’s main task was to improve farm management. He introduced strict accountancy and applied double-entry book-keeping for the first time and Hungary and his main principle was to put down all farming activities in writing. The farm managers were not suitable for this task so he convinced Festetics to found a school for them and an other secondary grammar school in the other centre of the domain in Csurgó. By 1797 the condition of the domain improved significantly and the Earl founded ’Georgikon’ the first agricultural college in Europe though without the land steward who favoured the idea of enlightment (the court in Vienna would not approve it. After the expiration of his contract he retired and moved to Csurgó, where he inspected the secondary grammar school as a secular inspector. He spent the last 22 years of his life here ’hard working in respectable poverty’. He died on 13th February 1819 (according to other sources on 24th. His posthumous books are as follows: ’Hungarian housewife on the farm’ (182o, ’Hungarian Practicus Cultivator’ (1821, ’Hungarian Practicus Breeder’ (1822, ’Hungarian Land Steward’ (1822. In Keszthely and in Csurgó secondary technical scools are called after him, his memory is kept by statues and marble tablets. My aim was to commemorate a scientist, who disappeared into the mists of two centuries, by presenting his life and his main work.

  18. The Emotional Knots of Academicity: A Collective Biography of Academic Subjectivities and Spaces

    Charteris, Jennifer; Gannon, Susanne; Mayes, Eve; Nye, Adele; Stephenson, Lauren


    The highly imagined and contested space of higher education is invested with an affectively loaded "knowledge economy optimism". Drawing on recent work in affect and critical geography, this paper considers the e/affects of the promises of the knowledge economy on its knowledge workers. We extend previous analyses of the discursive…

  19. Uranium: War, Energy and the Rock That Shaped the World; Uranium: la biographie

    Zoellner, T.


    Having traveled extensively through the savannah of Africa, the mountains of Eastern Europe, and the deserts of Utah, the author delves into the complex science, politics and history of uranium, which presents the best and worst of mankind: the capacity for scientific progress and political genius; the capacity for nihilism, exploitation, and terror. Because the author covers so much ground, from the discovery of radioactivity, through the development of the atomic bomb, he does not go into great depth on any one topic. Nonetheless, he paints vivid pictures of uranium's impact, including forced labor in Soviet mines and lucky prospectors who struck it rich in harsh environments, the spread of uranium smuggling, as well as an explanation of why it was absurd to claim that Saddam Hussein was attempting to purchase significant quantities of uranium from Niger. The only shortcoming is the author's omission of the issue of radioactive wastes generated by nuclear power. The author knows well what uranium looks like, why peril pulses in its every atom, and how scientists exploit its nuclear volatility. The drama is found in the weaponry uranium has spawned as demonstrated at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In pursuit of this raw power, the U.S. let Navajos die extracting needed ore and let southwestern cities sicken beneath clouds from reckless testing. The Soviet Union sentenced tens of thousands to lethal gulag mines. Israel diverted ore through deception on the high seas. Pakistan stole European refining technology. Alive with devious personalities, the author's narrative ultimately exposes the frightening vulnerability of a world with too many sources of a dangerous substance and too little wisdom to control it

  20. L’Empire ottoman à travers la biographie picaresque d’Eliya Karmona

    Varol, Marie-Christine


    L’autobiographie romancée d’Eliya Karmona publiée en 1926, Comment naquit Eliya Karmona comment il grandit et comment il devint directeur du Djugetón projette un regard critique sur les tribulations d’un jeune homme juif dans les dernières années du sultanat, entre 1884 et 1908.Sur le mode sarcastique, maniant l’auto-ironie, il construit sur ses déboires un roman picaresque qui sacrifie à la loi du genre, mais qui s’apparente par d’autres aspects aux genres cultivés par les Judéo-Espagnols : ...

  1. Boekbespreking van Klaus Taschwer und Benedikt Föger, 'Konrad Lorenz. Eine Biographie'.

    Thoomes, D.T.


    Het historisch onderzoek van het bruine verleden van Konrad Lorenz levert een treurig beeld op. De bedenkelijke levenswandel van Lorenz behoeft voor beoefenaren van de ethologie natuurlijk niet te dienen als contrabewijs voor diens wetenschappelijke bijdrage, maar doet wel beseffen dat originaliteit in de wetenschap soms samengaat met duistere en opportunistische motieven.

  2. Modes of rationality in nursing documentation: biology, biography and the 'voice of nursing'.

    Hyde, Abbey; Treacy, Margaret P; Scott, P Anne; Butler, Michelle; Drennan, Jonathan; Irving, Kate; Byrne, Anne; MacNeela, Padraig; Hanrahan, Marian


    This article is based on a discourse analysis of the complete nursing records of 45 patients, and concerns the modes of rationality that mediated text-based accounts relating to patient care that nurses recorded. The analysis draws on the work of the critical theorist, Jurgen Habermas, who conceptualised rationality in the context of modernity according to two types: purposive rationality based on an instrumental logic, and value rationality based on ethical considerations and moral reasoning. Our analysis revealed that purposive rationality dominated the content of nursing documentation, as evidenced by a particularly bio-centric and modernist construction of the workings of the body within the texts. There was little reference in the documentation to central themes of contemporary nursing discourses, such as notions of partnership, autonomy, and self-determination, which are associated with value rationality. Drawing on Habermas, we argue that this nursing documentation depicted the colonisation of the sociocultural lifeworld by the bio-technocratic system. Where nurses recorded disagreements that patients had with medical regimes, the central struggle inherent in the project of modernity became transparent--the tension between the rational and instrumental control of people through scientific regulation and the autonomy of the subject. The article concludes by problematising communicative action within the context of nursing practice. PMID:15892722

  3. Combining Activism and Intellectualism: the Biography of Mohammad Natsir (1908-1993)

    Yusril Ihza Mahendra


    Mohammad Natsir is one of Indonesia's leading Islamic figures of the century. His figure is not only known by the people of Indonesia, but also by the world community, especially the Islamic world. Throughout his life, Natsir actively involved in various movements, whether they are social, political, scientific, and religious.Aside from being a powerful activist, Natsir also a respected intellectual figure. Through interaction with Ahmad Hassan, Agus Salim, and other figures, Natsir have star...

  4. Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.

    Welton, Michael R.

    This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…

  5. A short biography of Joseph Fourier and historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms

    Debnath, Lokenath


    The profound study of nature is the most fertile source of mathematical discoveries. Not only does this study, by offering a definite goal to research, have the advantage of excluding vague questions and futile calculations, but it is also a sure means of moulding analysis itself, and discerning those elements in it which it is still essential to know and which science ought to conserve. These fundamental elements are those which recur in all natural phenomena. Joseph Fourier pure mathematics enables us to discover the concepts and laws connecting them, which gives us the key to the understanding of the phenomena of nature. Albert Einstein This article deals with a brief biographical sketch of Joseph Fourier, his first celebrated work on analytical theory of heat, his first great discovery of Fourier series and Fourier transforms. Included is a historical development of Fourier series and Fourier transforms with their properties, importance and applications. Special emphasis is made to his splendid research contributions to mathematical physics, pure and applied mathematics and his unprecedented public service accomplishments in the history of France. This is followed by historical comments about the significant and major impact of Fourier analysis on mathematical physics, probability and mathematical statistics, mathematical economics and many areas of pure and applied mathematics including geometry, harmonic analysis, signal analysis, wave propagation and wavelet analysis. Special attention is also given to the Fourier integral formula, Brownian motion and stochastic processes and many examples of applications including isoparametric inequality, everywhere continuous but nowhere differentiable functions, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Dirichlets' theorem on primes in arithmetic progression, the Poisson summation formula and solutions of wave and diffusion equations. It is also shown that Fourier coefficients c n (t) in the Fourier expansion of a scalar field ψ(θ, t) satisfy equations of the simple harmonic motion.

  6. Kenneth S. Norris: Naturalist, Cetologist & Conservationist, 1924-1998: An Oral History Biography

    Reti, Irene H.


    The Regional History Project conducted a series of interviews with Kenneth S. Norris, UCSC Professor of Natural History Emeritus, in the spring and summer of 1998. Halfway through the interviews, Norris, who had been in poor health, was hospitalized unexpectedly and died on August 16, 1998. Rather than publish an incomplete set of his edited interviews, the project was reconceived. We interviewed a group of his colleagues and former students who could discuss many of the topics the interviewe...

  7. Genius in the shadows a biography of Leo Szilard, the man behind the bomb

    Lanouette, William


    Well-known names such as Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller are usually those that surround the creation of the atom bomb. One name that is rarely mentioned is Leo Szilard, known in scientific circles as "father of the atom bomb." The man who first developed the idea of harnessing energy from nuclear chain reactions, he is curiously buried with barely a trace in the history of this well-known and controversial topic.Born in Hungary and educated in Berlin, he escaped Hitler's Germany in 1933 and that first year developed his concept of nucle

  8. Gender and Professionalism in Law: The Challenge of (Women’s Biography

    Mary Jane Mossman


    Full Text Available This paper explores the story of a woman who “created” her life in the law in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Although now almost unknown, Cornelia Sorabji achieved prominence as a woman pioneer in the legal profession, who provided legal services to women clients in northern India, the Purdahnashins. Sorabji’s experiences as a woman in law were often similar to the stories of other first women lawyers in a number of different jurisdictions at the end of the nineteenth century: all of these women had to overcome gender barriers to gain admission to the legal professions, and they were often the only woman in law in their jurisdictions for many years. Yet, as Sorabji’s story reveals, while ideas about gender and the culture of legal professionalism could present formidable barriers for aspiring women lawyers, these ideas sometimes intersected in paradoxical ways to offer new opportunities for women to become legal professionals. In exploring the impact of gender and legal professionalism on Sorabji’s legal work, the paper also suggests that her story presents a number of challenges and contradictions that may require new approaches to gender history so as to capture the complexity of stories about women lawyers. Cet article examine l’histoire d’une femme qui a «créé» sa vie dans le domaine du droit à la fin du dix-neuvième et au début du vingtième siècles. Quoique présentement presque inconnue, Cornelia Sorabji a acquis une certaine renommée comme femme pionnière dans la profession juridique qui offrait des services juridiques à des femmes clientes dans le nord de l’Inde, les Purdahnashins. Les expériences de Mme Sorabji en tant que femme dans le domaine du droit ressemblaient souvent aux récits d’autres premières femmes avocates sur un nombre d’autres territoires à la fin du dix-neuvième siècle : ces femmes devaient toutes surmonter des barrières sexistes pour être admises à la profession juridique, et elles étaient souvent la seule femme à exercer le droit sur leur territoire pendant de nombreuses années. Pourtant, comme le fait voir l’histoire de Mme Sorabji, quoique les idées reliées au sexe de l’individu et la culture de professionnalisme légal pouvaient constituer des obstacles formidables pour les femmes qui aspiraient à devenir avocates, ces idées parfois se croisaient de manières paradoxales de façon à créer de nouvelles occasions aux femmes de devenir des professionnelles du droit. En examinant l’impact du sexe de l’individu et du professionnalisme légal sur le travail légal de Mme Sorabji, l’article suggère en plus que son histoire présente un nombre de défis et de contradictions qui pourraient nécessiter de nouvelles approches à l’histoire vue en rapport au sexe de l’individu afin de saisir la complexité des récits au sujet de femmes avocates.

  9. Giulio Mongeri, an Architect Efficient in the Building of Capital City Ankara and his Biography

    Damla Çinici


    Full Text Available The study is about Giulio Mongeri (1873 – 1951 who was the architect of Ottoman Bank (1926, Ziraat Bank (1926 – 1929, Monopolies Chief Directorate (1928 and Türkiye İş Bank (1929 buildings in Ankara in the first years of the Republic. Giulio Mongeri was one of the architects prominent in architectural activities both in the last years of Ottoman Empire and first years of the Republic and undertook an effective role in the architectural understanding of the next generation by raising the architects of the future as an instructor of the Academy of Fine Arts. In the study, it is aimed to gain especially the sketches and photos obtained from his diary and not published anywhere else to the scientific world as a new contribution to the knowledge in the available publications. Giulio Mongeri himself, his family and environs in which he was raised, his personality and attitude as a trainer have been appraised in the light of new information. The buildings of Mongeri in Ankara have been studied comparatively with the other buildings in Ankara in this period and an attempt is made to assess the differences in his approach.

  10. Review Essay: Auto/Biography as Method: Dialectical Sociology of Everyday Life

    Roth, Wolff-Michael


    Our Lives as Databases ist das Produkt eines Forschungsprojekts, in dem die teilnehmenden Autoren das kollektive Schreiben und Analysieren ihrer Autobiographien als Medium zum Praktizieren akademischer Soziologie benutzen. In diesem Beitrag beschreibe ich die Struktur und den Inhalt dieses ungewöhnlichen und sehr interessanten Buches und stelle meine Lesart anhand der exemplarischen Analyse eines der Kapitel dar. Obwohl der Herausgeber des Sammelbandes überzeugend für das kollektive Schreiben...

  11. Astronaut Biography Project for Countermeasures of Human Behavior and Performance Risks in Long Duration Space Flights

    Banks, Akeem


    This final report will summarize research that relates to human behavioral health and performance of astronauts and flight controllers. Literature reviews, data archival analyses, and ground-based analog studies that center around the risk of human space flight are being used to help mitigate human behavior and performance risks from long duration space flights. A qualitative analysis of an astronaut autobiography was completed. An analysis was also conducted on exercise countermeasure publications to show the positive affects of exercise on the risks targeted in this study. The three main risks targeted in this study are risks of behavioral and psychiatric disorders, risks of performance errors due to poor team performance, cohesion, and composition, and risks of performance errors due to sleep deprivation, circadian rhythm. These three risks focus on psychological and physiological aspects of astronauts who venture out into space on long duration space missions. The purpose of this research is to target these risks in order to help quantify, identify, and mature countermeasures and technologies required in preventing or mitigating adverse outcomes from exposure to the spaceflight environment

  12. Making physics: a biography of Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1946-1972, by R.P. Crease

    Brookhaven National Laboratory was the first major national laboratory built for basic civilian research. From Nobel Prize-winning work in atomic physics to addressing community concerns over radiation leaks, the history of Brookhaven parallels the changing fortunes of 'big science' in the United States. Robert P. Crease brings to life the people, the instruments, the science, and the politics of Brookhaven's first quarter-century.

  13. Missing Citations, Bulking Biographies, and Unethical Collaboration: Types of Cheating among Public Relations Majors

    Auger, Giselle A.


    Students cheat. For the field of public relations, which continually struggles for credibility, the issue of student cheating should be paramount, as the unethical students of today become tomorrow's practitioners. Through a survey of 170 public relations majors, this study examined the importance students place on the Public Relations Society of…

  14. American Prometheus. The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Biography

    A definitive portrait of legendary scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the ''father'' of the atomic bomb, discusses his seminal role in the twentieth-century scientific world, as well as his lesser-known roles as family man, supposed communist, and head of Princeton's Institute for Advanced Studies. ''American Prometheus'' is a rich evocation of America in mid-century and a compelling portrait of scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a man shaped by its major events--the Depression, World War II, and the Cold War. (orig.)

  15. Skulls, brains, and memorial culture: on cerebral biographies of scientists in the nineteenth century.

    Hagner, Michael


    In this paper, I will argue that the scientific investigation of skulls and brains of geniuses went hand in hand with hagiographical celebrations of scientists. My analysis starts with late-eighteenth century anatomists and anthropologists who highlighted quantitative parameters such as the size and weight of the brain in order to explain intellectual differences between women and men and Europeans and non-Europeans, geniuses and ordinary persons. After 1800 these parameters were modified by phrenological inspections of the skull and brain. As the phrenological examination of the skulls of Immanuel Kant, Wilhelm Heinse, Arthur Schopenhauer and others shows, the anthropometrical data was interpreted in light of biographical circumstances. The same pattern of interpretation can be found in non-phrenological contexts: Reports about extraordinary brains were part of biographical sketches, mainly delivered in celebratory obituaries. It was only in this context that moral reservations about dissecting the brains of geniuses could be overcome, which led to a more systematic investigation of brains of geniuses after 1860. PMID:12940262

  16. Hermann Haken from the laser to synergetics : a scientific biography of the early years

    Kröger, Bernd


    Hermann Haken (born 1927) is one of the “fathers” of the quantum-mechanical laser theory, formulated between 1962 and 1966, in strong competition with American researchers. Later on, he created Synergetics, the science of cooperation in multicomponent systems. The book concentrates on the development of his scientific work during the first thirty-five years of his career.   In 1970 he and his doctoral student Robert Graham were able to show that the laser is an example of a nonlinear system far from thermal equilibrium that shows a phase-transition like behavior. Subsequently, this insight opened the way for the formulation of Synergetics. Synergetics is able to explain, how very large systems show the phenomenon of self-organization that can be mathematically described by only very few order parameters. The results of Haken’s research were published in two seminal books Synergetics (1977) and Advanced Synergetics (1983).    After the year 1985 Haken concentrated his research on the macroscopic found...

  17. E. A. C. L. E. (Ted Scheipe (1924-1985 — a biography

    E. G. H. Oliver


    Full Text Available Prof. E.A.C.L.E. Scheipe was born in Durban on 27 July 1924 and died in Cape Town on  12 October 1985. He studied at the University of Natal and at Oxford, England. He was awarded an M.Sc. (S. Afr. for a thesis on the ecology of the Natal Drakensberg and a D. Phil. (Oxon. for a thesis on the ecology of bryophytes. For a brief period he was Curator of the Fielding Herbarium, Oxford. In  1953 he was appointed Lecturer in Botany at the University of Cape Town, until in  1973 he was awarded a full professorship (ad hominem and the title of Director of the Bolus Herbarium. Here he established a school of taxonomy and promoted  22  theses. His main fields of research were the taxonomy and phytogeography of Pteridophyta (especially African groups and of Orchidaceae.He has  112 publications to his credit and collected over 7 000 numbers in various regions of Africa, in Europe and the Himalayas. He was a keen gardener and was active in several societies promoting horticulture, orchidology and nature conservation. He was a member of several scientific committees and was repeatedly honoured for his work.Three children were born from his marriage to Sybella Gray, also a botanist.

  18. Appunti per la biografia linguistica dei miei figli (Notes for a Linguistic Biography of My Children).

    Francescato, Giuseppe


    This article discusses the linguistic background of two Italian children who lived with their parents for an extended period of time in Holland and for a brief time in Puerto Rico and spent vacations in Italy where their relatives spoke the dialects of Veneto and Friuli. (CFM)

  19. Marlowe, May 1593, and the 'Must-Have' Theory of Biography

    Downie, Alan (J. A.)


    The enduring ability of the name of Christopher Marlowe to generate speculation and controversy regardless of the exiguity of the materials at our disposal never ceases to astonish. The temptation to try to extrapolate Marlowe's artistic intentions not only from the text of his plays and poems, but from the little that is known about his dramatic career, continues to lead those who write about his life down blind alleys. This tendency to make use of what I like to describe as the ‘must-have’ ...

  20. A biografia e sua instrumentalidade educativa The biography and its educational instrumentality

    Jonaedson Carino


    O presente artigo trata do gênero biografia, associando-o à educação por meio de um pressuposto: o de que as construções biográficas contêm uma instrumentalidade educativa, podendo ser apreciadas no contexto de uma pedagogia do exemplo. Parte integrante dos estudos de seu autor que culminaram em tese de doutoramento na UFRJ, o trabalho contém uma síntese histórica da trajetória do gênero biográfico segundo periodização proposta por Madelénat, além de apresentar uma fundamentação teórica de an...

  1. [Biography-oriented diagnostics in counselling of patients with chronic illness].

    Darmann-Finck, Ingrid; Sahm, Martina


    The article examines two concepts of counselling of patients by nurses that are popular in the German-speaking area with regard to their underlying scientific standpoint and ideals and their implications on counselling-process and -result. The authors determine that both concepts disregard the biographic construction processes which are so important for coping with and tackling chronic illness. The article concludes with a discussion of prospective use of biographic diagnostics in counselling of patients with chronic illness. PMID:17051514

  2. It came from outer space wearing an RAF blazer! a fan's biography of Sir Patrick Moore

    Mobberley, Martin


    To British television viewers, the name ‘Patrick Moore’ has been synonymous with Astronomy and Space Travel since he first appeared on The Sky at Night in 1957. To amateur astronomers he has been a source of inspiration, joy, humour and even an eccentric role model since that time. Most people know that his 55 years of presenting The Sky at Night is a world record, but what was he really like in person?  What did he do away from the TV cameras, in his observatory, and within the British Astronomical Association, the organisation that inspired him as a youngster? Also, precisely what did he do during the War Years, a subject that has always been shrouded in mystery? Martin Mobberley, a friend of Patrick Moore’s for 30 years, and a former President of the British Astronomical Association, has spent ten years exhaustively researching Patrick’s real life away from the TV cameras. His childhood, RAF service, tireless voluntary work for astronomy and charity and his endless book writing are all examined in...

  3. Visual Auto/biography, Hysteria, and the Pedagogical Performance of the "Real."

    Hesford, Wendy S.


    Discusses Mindy Faber's autobiographical video as an allegory of contradictory interpretations of female hysteria as both a theater of femininity and feminist revolt. Provides an analysis of the resonance between student responses to "Delirium" (her auto/biographical video about her mother's long battle with mental illness) and contemporary…

  4. The Financial Biography of an Economist: Income, Saving, and Wealth (Mostly Pension Wealth)

    Ronald G Bodkin; Kathleen M Day


    In this paper we examine the consumption behavior of a single twentieth-century economist (Bodkin) over the course of his academic career. We find that the consumption behavior of Bodkin, a long-time student of the consumption function, does not conform to any of the standard models over the entire 1958–2000 period. Instead, we observe a shift from “Keynesian” to life-cycle behavior in response to a court decision that changed Bodkin’s long-term employment income prospects, a finding that len...

  5. What about Albert Einstein? Using Biographies to Promote Students' Scientific Thinking

    Fingon, Joan C.; Fingon, Shallon D.


    Who hasn't heard of Einstein? Science educators everywhere are familiar with Einstein's genius and general theory of relativity. Students easily recognize Einstein's image by his white flyaway hair and bushy mustache. It is well known that Einstein was a brilliant physicist and an abstract thinker who often used his creativity and imagination in…

  6. Making Room For Ghosts: Memory, History and Family Biography on Film

    Kerreen Ely-Harper


    Full Text Available This article discusses the role of documentary in memory transmission aimed at uncovering and redressing past legacies. It explores how memories on film are performed and interpreted on film with reference to my documentary, Close To The Bone (Ely-Harper, 2012. It also looks at the contribution documentary film can make to locating, preserving, transforming and protecting autobiographical memories and social histories.


    Fedotova, Anastasia; Hakkarainen, Jussi-Pekka; Lars, Hallberg


    Sources from the archives in Prague and Stockholm raise some previously unknown facts regarding the life and activities of the eminent Russian soil scientist and hydrologist Pavel Otockij in 1920-40s, who emigrated from Russia in 1917. For the first time, the place and time of his death can be verified: Stockholm, 28 th of May 1954.

  8. Residential self-selection in travel behavior: Towards an integration into mobility biographies

    Scheiner, Joachim


    The debate on residential self-selection (RSS) in the travel field seeks to answer the question of whether and to what extent spatial differences in traveling may be explained in spatial terms or to what extent, rather, they are explained by the unequal spatial distribution of people’s social and personal characteristics, particularly their neighborhood and travel preferences. Arguing primarily from a European—specifically, German— perspective, this paper makes a case for integrating the RSS-...

  9. Arnold Sommerfeld. Atomic physicist and messenger of culture 1868-1951. A biography

    Arnold Sommerfeld is beside Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, and Max Planck one of the founders of modern atomic and quantum theory. His career began in the 1890th years at the University of Goettingen, the world center of mathematics of that time. Since 1906 he created on the professorship for theoretical physics at the Munich university one of the most important schools of science, the students of which are well-known theorists of the atomic era like as the Nobel-price winners Hans Bethe, Peter Debye, Wolfgang Pauli, and Werner Heisenberg. He also developed far beyond his subject an unprecedented impact. He travelled as ''messenger of culture'' in many countries in order to advertise in the years after the first world war for the reputation of Germany as culture nation. By the nationalsocialism the Munich ''nursery of theoretical physics'' however was prepared an inglorious end, because Sommerfeld counted for a ''main propagandist of Jewish theories''. By the example of this life of a physicist also the eventful history of a whole subject.

  10. Von Prag nach New York Hans Kohns (1891-1971) intellektuelle Biographie

    Langeheine, Romy


    Hans Kohn (1891-1971) continues to be considered as a founding father of the academic research on and interpretation of nationalism. In more than thirty books and hundreds of articles he outlined his theory of this worldwide phenomenon. His theory is well-known as the so called “Kohn Dichotomy”. Based on the main categories of West and East, understood as metaphors and not geographic locations, he differentiated between two forms of nationalism: The Western model, based on the ...

  11. Biografias e movimentos de luta por terra em Pernambuco Biographies and land claim movements in Pernambuco

    Marcelo C. Rosa


    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a contribuição das chamadas "lutas por terra" para a produção de novas formas de significação social na região da Zona da Mata de Pernambuco. Por meio da análise de entrevistas com militantes dos diversos movimentos que organizam ocupações de terra na região, foi possível compreender que, além da posse de um pedaço de terra, tais organizações criam condições inéditas para a transformação dos seus líderes em figuras de destaque nas instâncias políticas dos pequenos municípios da região, contribuindo assim para a modificação das estruturas tradicionais de poder.This paper analyzes the contribution of so-called 'land struggles' in the creation of new forms of 'social meaning' in a sugar plantation region of the Brazilian Northeast. Analysis of interviews with militants from various movements coordinating land occupations in the region reveals that, as well as supporting rural people's access to land, these organizations enable their leaders to become prominent figures in local urban politics, thereby contributing to the modification of traditional power structures.

  12. Lieutenant-General F.N. Remezov: the Milestones of Biography

    Vladimir I. Afanasenko


    Full Text Available The article is the first special study on F.N. Remezov, Soviet general and veteran of the Great Patriotic War. In July 1941 he conducted the 13th Army during the fights at Smolensk direction. Then he was a commander of the North Caucasian Military District and the 56th Separate Army. In late autumn of 1941 the troops under the command of Remezov left and in a week liberated Rostov-on-Don. But further Soviet offensive in the south direction has been stopped by the German defensive line Mius-front. Remezov became a commander of the South Ural Military District. In 1942–1945 he conducted the 45th Army in the Caucasus and Iran. The research is based on the archival and published sources.

  13. Biography of a technology: North America's power grid through the twentieth century

    Cohn, Julie A.

    North Americans are among the world's most intense consumers of electricity. The vast majority in the United States and Canada access power from a network of transmission lines that stretch from the East Coast to the West Coast and from Canada to the Mexican Baja. This network, known as the largest interconnected machine in the world, evolved during the first two thirds of the twentieth century. With the very first link-ups occurring at the end of the 1890s, a wide variety of public and private utilities extended power lines to reach markets, access and manage energy resources, balance loads, realize economies of scale, provide backup power, and achieve economic stability. In 1967, utility managers and the Bureau of Reclamation connected the expansive eastern and western power pools to create the North American grid. Unlike other power grids around the world, built by single, centrally controlled entities, this large technological system emerged as the result of multiple decisions across eighty-five years of development, and negotiations for control at the economic, political, and technological levels. This dissertation describes the process of building the North American grid and the paradoxes the resulting system represents. While the grid functions as a single machine moving electricity across the continent, it is owned by many independent entities. Smooth operations suggest that the grid is a unified system; however, it operates under shared management and divided authority. In addition, although a single power network seems the logical outcome of electrification, in fact it was assembled through aggregation, not planning. Interconnections intentionally increase the robustness of individual sub-networks, yet the system itself is fragile, as demonstrated by major cascading power outages. Finally, the transmission network facilitates increased use of energy resources and consumption of power, but at certain points in the past, it also served as a technology of conservation. While this project explores the history of how and why North America has a huge interconnected power system, it also offers insights into the challenges the grid poses for our energy future.

  14. Analysis of Servant Leadership: An Interpretive Biography of a Prominent Leader in Proprietary Higher Education

    Negron, Martin


    Values and ethical behaviors in corporate higher education are perceived to be deteriorating, with some leaders accused of financial mismanagement and corruption. Servant leadership has the potential to address these value-related problems but has not been studied in the for-profit environment. The purpose of this qualitative, single-case study…

  15. A biography of an invasive terrestrial slug : the spread, distribution and habitat of Deroceras invadens

    John Hutchinson; Heike Reise; David Robinson


    The article reviews distribution records of Deroceras invadens (previously called D. panormitanum and D. caruanae), adding significant unpublished records from the authors’ own collecting, museum samples, and interceptions on goods arriving in the U.S.A. By 1940 D. invadens had already arrived in Britain, Denmark, California, Australia and probably New Zealand; it has turned up in many further places since, including remote oceanic islands, but scarcely around the eastern Mediterranean (Egypt...

  16. A biography of an invasive terrestrial slug: the spread, distribution and habitat of Deroceras invadens

    John Hutchinson


    Full Text Available The article reviews distribution records of Deroceras invadens (previously called D. panormitanum and D. caruanae, adding significant unpublished records from the authors’ own collecting, museum samples, and interceptions on goods arriving in the U.S.A. By 1940 D. invadens had already arrived in Britain, Denmark, California, Australia and probably New Zealand; it has turned up in many further places since, including remote oceanic islands, but scarcely around the eastern Mediterranean (Egypt and Crete are the exceptions, nor in Asia. Throughout much of the Americas its presence seems to have been previously overlooked, probably often being mistaken for D. laeve. New national records include Mexico, Costa Rica, and Ecuador, with evidence from interceptions of its presence in Panama, Peru, and Kenya. The range appears limited by cold winters and dry summers; this would explain why its intrusion into eastern Europe and southern Spain has been rather slow and incomplete. At a finer geographic scale, the occurrence of the congener D. reticulatum provides a convenient comparison to control for sampling effort; D. invadens is often about half as frequently encountered and sometimes predominates. Deroceras invadens is most commonly found in synanthropic habitats, particularly gardens and under rubbish, but also in greenhouses, and sometimes arable land and pasture. It may spread into natural habitats, as in Britain, South Africa, Australia and Tenerife. Many identifications have been checked in the light of recent taxonomic revision, revealing that the sibling species D. panormitanum s.s. has spread much less extensively. A number of published or online records, especially in Australia, have turned out to be misidentifications of D. laeve.

  17. Features of the biography novel in A. Zegers narrative "Meeting in the Way"

    Leonova Natalya Sergeevna


    The article examines a special genre of literature, namely the genre of literary criticism. It is shown that the author can in different ways attract the reader’s attention to his poetics and aesthetic program. German writer A. Zegers is one of the outstanding masters of socialist realism. This article discusses the story «Meeting in the Way», taken from one of the last works of the writer – the book «Strange meeting» («Sonderbare Begegnungen», 1972). For example, the story of A. Zegers revea...

  18. Features of the biography novel in A. Zegers narrative "Meeting in the Way"

    Leonova Natalya Sergeevna


    Full Text Available The article examines a special genre of literature, namely the genre of literary criticism. It is shown that the author can in different ways attract the reader’s attention to his poetics and aesthetic program. German writer A. Zegers is one of the outstanding masters of socialist realism. This article discusses the story «Meeting in the Way», taken from one of the last works of the writer – the book «Strange meeting» («Sonderbare Begegnungen», 1972. For example, the story of A. Zegers revealed the use of a special artistic technique, borrowed from another genre of literature – a biographical novel. Multiworldness and layering worlds portrayed in the story cause its originality as the reader is easy to get lost in the world of fiction created by A. Zegers, that flows into the realities of her characters. The purpose of this technique is to analyze the poetics of three writers who, no doubt, influenced the author. Literary criticism – a special kind of creativity, less stringent in the estimates, more emotional and confidence in relation to the subject of critical study. On the basis of research the author revealed genre features writing literary criticism and discusses biographical elements used to represent the fictitious world of art.

  19. Combining Activism and Intellectualism: the Biography of Mohammad Natsir (1908-1993

    Yusril Ihza Mahendra


    Full Text Available Mohammad Natsir is one of Indonesia's leading Islamic figures of the century. His figure is not only known by the people of Indonesia, but also by the world community, especially the Islamic world. Throughout his life, Natsir actively involved in various movements, whether they are social, political, scientific, and religious.Aside from being a powerful activist, Natsir also a respected intellectual figure. Through interaction with Ahmad Hassan, Agus Salim, and other figures, Natsir have started engaging intellectual debate since adolescence. Natsir wrote many articles in the fields of political, social, religious, and philosophical. He also became one of the principal framers of the relationship between religion and the state in Indonesia. Unlike the secular Muslims, Natsir continue to believe that Islam could be the basis of the state. Meanwhile, different from the Muslim protagonist, Natsir also believe that Islam does not have a particular political system preferences. Islam only provide general principles to be applied in a particular political system that is tailored to the situation and his time. Thus, Islam and Pancasila still can go hand in hand, because of the unity between Islam and Pancasila occurs at the level of ideas.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i1.844

  20. The diversion of the village gods: A criminal turn in the biography of Balinese copperplate inscriptions

    Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin


    Full Text Available Royal edicts inscribed on copper plates were addressed to the villagers of Julah on the north coast of Bali; they date back to the 10th century. Since then, these artefacts have undergone many transformations in function and meaning. They were kept as sacred heirlooms in the village temple of Julah until recently. However, these copper plates were stolen by a man from a neighbouring village in 2002 and transported to Java in order to sell them as antiquities to the international black market of art. The villagers started an unprecedented search for these heirlooms and finally managed, assisted by the police, to recover these artefacts. This article describes and analyses the social life and the criminal turn of these copperplates, including the story of the thief.

  1. 2012 NCME Election of Board of Directors Candidate Biographies (in Alphabetical Order According to Position)

    Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2012


    This article profiles the candidates for the 2012 NCME election of board of directors. This includes the candidates for the office of the vice president and positions representing testing organizations and members at-large.

  2. [The Hygienist Karl Roelcke, M.D. (1907-1982). Annotations to the family biography].

    Mildenberger, Florian G


    Volker Roelcke, the well-known historian of medicine, wrote a biographical sketch on his father's role in National Socialism. Karl Roelcke (1907-1982) was an important hygienist at the University of Heidelberg and assistant to Ernst Rodenwaldt (1878-1965). Attempts to discuss the Nazi issue with his father directly ended unsuccessfully in the 1970s. In his essay of 2014, Volker Roelcke portrayed his father as quite sophisticated, but did not mention all aspects of his work. The present essay therefore offers new insights into the person of Karl Roelcke which are not constrained by family interests. PMID:27263217

  3. Beyond The ERP Implementation Study: A New Approach To The Study Of Packaged Information Systems: The Biography Of Artifacts Framework

    Pollock, N.; Williams, Robin


    Scholarship addressing the social and organizational issues surrounding enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems is blossoming. However, many of these studies produce unhelpful readings of the characteristics of ERP and its implications for organizations. The typical ‘ERP implementation case study’ has been given undue emphasis within Information Systems (IS) research. Often influenced by constructivist frameworks and qualitative methodologies, including Actor Network Theory and...

  4. The Noscapine Chronicle: A Pharmaco-Historic Biography of the Opiate Alkaloid Family and its Clinical Applications.

    Rida, Padmashree C G; LiVecche, Dillon; Ogden, Angela; Zhou, Jun; Aneja, Ritu


    Given its manifold potential therapeutic applications and amenability to modification, noscapine is a veritable "Renaissance drug" worthy of commemoration. Perhaps the only facet of noscapine's profile more astounding than its versatility is its virtual lack of side effects and addictive properties, which distinguishes it from other denizens of Papaver somniferum. This review intimately chronicles the rich intellectual and pharmacological history behind the noscapine family of compounds, the length of whose arms was revealed over decades of patient scholarship and experimentation. We discuss the intriguing story of this family of nontoxic alkaloids, from noscapine's purification from opium at the turn of the 19th century in Paris to the recent torrent of rationally designed analogs with tremendous anticancer potential. In between, noscapine's unique pharmacology; impact on cellular signaling pathways, the mitotic spindle, and centrosome clustering; use as an antimalarial drug and cough suppressant; and exceptional potential as a treatment for polycystic ovarian syndrome, strokes, and diverse malignancies are catalogued. Seminal experiments involving some of its more promising analogs, such as amino-noscapine, 9-nitronoscapine, 9-bromonoscapine, and reduced bromonoscapine, are also detailed. Finally, the bright future of these oftentimes even more exceptional derivatives is described, rounding out a portrait of a truly remarkable family of compounds. PMID:26179481

  5. Alton, Eric J. Leibniz. A biography : Bristol & London: Adam Hilger, 1985, XIV + 370 pp.

    Ranea, Alberto Guillermo


    Eric Aiton, hasta 1985 senior lecturerde matemática en el Politécnico de Manchester, Inglaterra, es autor de un sinnúmero de artículos acerca de la historia de las ciencias exactas en los siglos XVII y XVIII. La biografía de Leibniz aquí presentada es la culminación de sus investigaciones acerca de la teoría planetaria de Leibniz y la invención del cálculo infinitesimal. Texto escrito por un matemático e historiador, su tono general es descriptivo y preciso, aunque carente deltempo dramático ...

  6. Hermann Oldenberg and the Historical Imperative: Writing a Biography of Gautama Buddha from Nineteenth-Century Germany

    Roberto Eduardo García Fernández


    Full Text Available In the second half of the nineteenth century Buddhism was well known as a religion among academic and literary circles in Europe. However, the variety of doctrinal versions and texts from different Buddhist schools posed a dilemma for the pioneering scholars in the field: which one was the real history and teaching of the Buddha? Although there were numerous studies and biographical versions of the life of Buddha, the one written by German Orientalist Hermann Oldenberg is noted for its historicist reconstruction and its claim to have used the original source. This article discusses how Oldenberg’s work represented an effort to reconstruct a hagiography through the lens of a modern rational society that demanded consistency with respect to religious events, imposing a holistic perspective to a heterogeneous material which in itself is fragmented, and thus contributing to the “construction” of the life of Gautama Buddha as a coherent whole.

  7. Between History and Legend: The Biography of the Prophet Muhammad by Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī

    Boekhoff-van der Voort, N.A.


    Since the end of the 19th century, the authenticity of the Islamic tradition material is debated and its validity as a source of historical information about the beginning of Islam and the life of the Prophet Muhammad is questioned. Do the traditions describe history or legend or something in betw

  8. A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF PROFESSOR L.C. HSU In celabration of Professor Hsu for his 80's birthday

    He Tianxiao


    @@L.C. Hsu (Lizhi Xu), advisor, Institute of Mathematics, Academia Sinica ; Honorary Director, Institute of Applied Mathematics, Dalian University of Technology; Honorary Chairman, Department of Mathematics, Huazhong University of Sicence and Technology; Editor-in-Chief, Approximation Theory and Its Applications; Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Mathematical Research &- Exposition; Edotor-in-Chief, Mathematical Methodology Se ries, Jiangsu Education Press; and Learned Advisor, Liaoning University. Prof. Hsu de votes himself to the study of mathematics and has obtained various noteworthy results in the fields of asymptotics, approximation, numerical analysis, combinatorics, and mathe matical methodology, etc.

  9. Catholic unionism and heterodoxy in Irish Victorian Medicine: A biography of Thomas More Madden (1838-1902).

    Kennerk, Barry


    It is not easy to précis the life of gynaecologist and obstetrician Thomas More Madden. Aside from his prolific penmanship and championing of societal issues, a study of his life serves to demonstrate the crossroads at which orthodox medicine stood during the late nineteenth century - a period of transition between 'heroic' and modern health care. Reflecting this state of flux, Madden wrote several books about childbirth but he was also interested in heterodox subjects including heliotherapy and hydrotherapy. His political beliefs were no less eclectic. On one hand he was a Catholic 'Unionist', in favour of maintaining Ireland's place in the UK, but his writing was also imbued with the spirit of the Gaelic literary revival. Through his work he tried to make a case, not just for Ireland's place in the western health care tradition but also for its contribution to contemporary medicine. PMID:24677567

  10. Biography and the educative: a critical examination of the life and artwork of Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix

    Singh, Charanjit


    Often modern institutionalised notions of the educative connect less to education as a means through which individuals and society can improve, but more with education as the conduit by which to achieve a particular career. Both these notions are of equal importance because of the dynamics in which modern day education exists. Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix (1891–1969) was an individual who learnt much through his life, but in a continuous democratizing effort he also shared his experiences with t...