Sample records for bibliotherapy

  1. Bibliotherapy for depression.

    Usher, Tegan


    Bibliotherapy can be used to treat mild to moderate depression or subthreshold depressive symptoms, as a sole or supplementary therapy. Bibliotherapy is a form of guided self-help. The patient works through a structured book, independently from the doctor. The role of the doctor is to support and motivate the patient as they continue through the book and to help clarify any questions or concerns the patient may have. Relevant books can be purchased or often borrowed from a library, with limited cost and good accessibility from a patient perspective. Patients need to have a reading age above 12 years and have a positive attitude toward self-help. Bibliotherapy has NHMRC Level 1 evidence of efficacy and no serious adverse effects have been reported. This article forms part of a series on non-drug treatments, which summarise the indications, considerations and the evidence, and where clinicians and patients can find further information. PMID:23550243

  2. Bibliotherapy with Preadolescents Experiencing Divorce

    Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth; Allen, Virginia B.; Folger, Wendy A.; McMillen, Paula S.; Lowe, Imelda


    Preadolescence is a challenging developmental stage, but when complicated or threatened by the effects of family dissolution or divorce, the challenges can be overwhelming. Such youngsters often need and can benefit from counseling intervention. One particularly appropriate intervention is bibliotherapy. Reasons for using bibliotherapy for such…

  3. Bibliotherapy: A Strategy to Help Students with Bullying

    Gregory, Katherine E.; Vessey, Judith A.


    Use of bibliotherapy to address childhood teasing and bullying is an innovative approach school nurses should consider as they work to promote a healthy school environment. Children's books serve as a unique conduit of exchange between parents, teachers, and children. Bibliotherapy, using books to help people solve problems, involves three stages:…

  4. Behavioral Bibliotherapy: An Evaluation of a Self-Help Book.

    Schindler, Fred

    The effectiveness of a self help book on assertiveness training was assessed by comparing two bibliotherapy conditions with group therapy and a waiting list control condition. One group of bibliotherapy subjects read a popular paperback with no therapist contact, while the other group additionally participated in informal discussion sessions.…

  5. Bibliotherapy for Low Sexual Desire: Evidence for Effectiveness

    Mintz, Laurie B.; Balzer, Alexandra M.; Zhao, Xinting; Bush, Hannah E.


    This study examines the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for low sexual desire among women, which is the most frequent sexual concern brought to counselors. Forty-five women responded to an advertisement for participation in a study on low sexual desire and were assigned to either the intervention or the wait-list control group. The intervention…

  6. Bibliotherapy in a Library Setting: Reaching out to Vulnerable Youth

    Natalia Tukhareli


    Full Text Available Bibliotherapy, as a part of expressive therapy, involves the systematic use of books to help people cope with mental, physical, emotional, or social problems. It has been widely recognized as an approach that holds great promise in helping librarians to better address emotional, behavioural and socials concerns of various groups of people. The benefits of bibliotherapeutic services such as reading groups, expanded readers’ advisory, books-on-prescription and information-on-prescription services as well as various outreach programs are well documented in the library literature. On the other hand, health professionals who work in cooperation with educators and librarians share medical records on the healing and consoling power of books. The paper will explore the role of bibliotherapy in a library setting and identify particular bibliotherapeutic schemes to be used when serving people affected by HIV/AIDS. The paper will provide an overview of the library project developed to address educational and recreational needs of the African people living with HIV/AIDS. The project was successfully implemented at the Nkosi’s Haven Library in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2010. Although the project targeted all the residents of Nkosi’s Haven, the paper will focus mostly on the part of the program developed for children and young adults. The paper will identify psychological and social factors that affect the targeted group of children within the African environment. Particularly, it will highlight a negative effect that stigmatization around the disease has on the lives of the HIV-infected individuals and their families. Within this context, bibliotherapy is seen as an effective way of reaching out and breaking the isolation of people, especially children living with HIV/AIDS. The paper will describe specific activities strategically chosen for the bibliotherapy sessions to provide a channel through which the participants of the program could analyze

  7. Bibliotherapy in the Classroom: Using Literature To Promote the Development of Emotional Intelligence.

    Sullivan, Amie K.; Strang, Harold R.


    Notes that many children in today's classrooms exhibit a variety of emotional and social difficulties, and discusses the use of bibliotherapy, an approach that uses literature as an effective way to remediate such difficulties. Explains emotional intelligence and how bibliotherapy can promote development of the socioemotional competence necessary…

  8. Use of Bibliotherapy in the Treatment of Grief and Loss: A Guide to Current Counseling Practices

    Briggs, Cynthia A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth


    Grief is a complex and dynamic process influencing individuals of all ages. This article provides an overview of historical and contemporary constructs of grief counseling. Bibliotherapy, a creative counseling tool, is presented as an appropriate intervention when counseling grieving clients. Guidelines for using bibliotherapy with grieving…

  9. Applications of text messaging, and bibliotherapy for treatment of patients affected by depressive symptoms

    Roya Taleban


    Conclusions: It seems that bibliotherapy could efficiently decrease the intensity of depressive symptoms. Nevertheless, in comparison with our booklet trial, the text messaging group achieved neither durable nor significant success; thus, bibliotherapy could be utilized as a complementary methodology aiming depression treatment.

  10. The Effect of Bibliotherapy in Reducing Test Anxiety Among Jordanian College Students

    Farah, Adnan M. [عدنان محمد فرح; Hammouri, Firas A. [فراس حموري


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bibliotherapy upon reducing test anxiety among Jordanian college students. Fifty five (55) Participants were randomly assigned either to experimental or controlled group. Students in the experimental group were exposed to a specially designed self-help bibliotherapy training program. The content of the program includes six areas thought to be important to overcome test anxiety. The study called for pre-post two group experimental desi...

  11. Bibliotherapy: the therapeutic use of didactic and literary texts in treatment, diagnosis, prevention, and training.

    Silverberg, Lawrence I


    The term bibliotherapy has been defined by Russell and Shrodes as "a process of dynamic interaction between the personality of the reader and literature--an interaction which may be used for personality assessment, adjustment, and growth." In the clinical setting, the dynamics that promote change in a patient-reader can include identification, projection, introjection, catharsis, and insight. Clinicians may use bibliotherapy as a tool for patient treatment, medical diagnosis, and the prevention of illness related to psychosocial dysfunction, allowing for gradual and mutual insight into patient complaints over time. Bibliotherapy may display efficacy on intellectual, psychosocial, interpersonal, emotional, and behavioral levels. The author identifies two basic types of resources that are useful to clinicians administering bibliotherapy: didactic texts, which are instructive, and imaginative literature, which can be a literary text, biography, or autobiography and fosters an imaginative response from the patient-reader. The author identifies the advantages and risks of using bibliotherapy and explores its possible applications in osteopathic medical education, encouraging osteopathic medical educators to familiarize themselves with this treatment modality. PMID:12665221

  12. Enhancing Positive Citizenship Ideals on Students Through Bibliotherapy and Cognitive Counseling

    Ismail Hussein Hashim


    The paper views feelings touching as very important in cultivating positive citizenship ideals amongst the youth. The main preoccupation of the study was to provide relevant information concerning the efficacy of bibliotherapy and cognitive counseling as two methods that could be applied by counselors in school field to promote positive citizenship ideals in the students. The study was carried out in Alfashir principality (Sudan)in April 1999. Feelings of one hundred and twenty five secondary school students were touched with regards to what they regarded as citizenship ideals. Adopting control and experimental measures approach, the two groups of the subjects were treated to bibliotherapy and cognitive counseling, while the third group was left as control group. Results indicated significant differences in the efficacy of the two methods for positively fostering citizenship ideals among the youth in favor of bibliotherapy. The results have demonstrated that bibliotherapy can be effectively applied in school setting through the school curriculum to positively foster citizenship ideals among the youth.

  13. Widened Frameworks and Practice: From Bibliotherapy to the Literacy of Testimony and Witness.

    Wolpow, Ray; Askov, Eunice N.


    Considers what literacy teachers can do to prevent subsequent school failure and lowered test scores with media attention on school violence and trauma in and out of schools. Suggests bibliotherapy, a familiar tool used in earlier decades by teachers to counsel students with problems, is useful today in dealing with students who suffer from…

  14. Anger Control Bibliotherapy with a Convicted Murderer under Life Sentence: A Clinical Report.

    Daniel, Chris


    Used personalized bibliotherapy intervention approach to prevent build up of aggression in inmate with low tolerance to perceived provocation. Follow-up data over six-month period revealed dramatic decrease in discipline reports following therapy. Interview and questionnaire feedback from client indicated reduced incidence of feelings of…

  15. Parent Experiences with Child Social Interventions and Their Perception of Bibliotherapy

    Davis Bowman, Jennifer


    This study focused on the experience of parents concerned with child social behavior and the perception of bibliotherapy as an intervention. Using a qualitative phenomenological approach, four families raising children between the ages of 4-12 participated in a series of interviews. The children's social needs varied, but parent concerns were…

  16. Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A Comparison of Individual Psychotherapy and Bibliotherapy for Depressed Older Adults

    Floyd, Mark; Scogin, Forrest; McKendree-Smith, Nancy L.; Floyd, Donna L.; Rokke, Paul D.


    Thirty-one community-residing older adults age 60 or over either received 16 sessions of individual cognitive psychotherapy (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979) or read Feeling Good (Burns, 1980) for bibliotherapy. Posttreatment comparisons with the delayed-treatment control indicated that both treatments were superior to a delayed-treatment control.…

  17. Expanding the limits of bibliotherapy for panic disorder. Randomized trial of self-help without support but with a clear deadline

    Nordin, S; Carlbring, P.; Cuijpers, P.; Andersson, G.


    Cognitive behavioral bibliotherapy for panic disorder has been found to be less effective without therapist support. In this study, participants were randomized to either unassisted bibliotherapy (n = 20) with a scheduled follow-up telephone interview or to a waiting list control group (n = 19). Fol

  18. Self-help books: bibliotherapy for happiness Libros de autoayuda: Biblioterapia para la felicidad

    Vanina Andrea Papalini


    The aim of this article is to specify several functions of bibliotherapies, focusing the case of self-help books. By the analysis of a sample of 60 books, we propose a number of parameters to classify self-help as a specific discursive genre. That characterisation involves theme, composition structures and literary style, all typical of the genre. The examination of self-help discursive devices enables to understand their performance on discomforms in subjectivty.  Sef-help books are...

  19. Applications of text messaging, and bibliotherapy for treatment of patients affected by depressive symptoms

    Roya Taleban; Ahmadreza Zamani; Mohammad Moafi; Nasrin Jiryaee; Reza Khadivi


    Background: Intensity of depressive symptoms could be exacerbated due to the paucity of appropriate treatments. We assessed the effectiveness of bibliotherapy and text messaging, which aimed at amelioration of patient′s behavior and consciousness, which could lead to suicide prevention. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial implemented in rural health centers of Isfahan district (Iran). Health centers were assigned in three trials consisting of the booklet, text messaging, and con...

  20. Efficacy and process of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depression in jail and prison inmates.

    Pardini, Jamie; Scogin, Forrest; Schriver, Jennifer; Domino, Marla; Wilson, Dawn; LaRocca, Michael


    The purpose of this two-study project was to determine the effects of cognitive bibliotherapy for the treatment of depressive symptoms in jail and prison inmates. Participants in both samples were randomly assigned to either a treatment group that received the 4-week bibliotherapy program or a delayed-treatment control group. In the jail sample, which served as a pilot study for the more detailed prison study, the treatment group showed greater improvement on the A. T. Beck and R. A. Steer Beck Depression Inventory, 1993, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX and the DAS (M. M. Weissman, & A. T. Beck Development and validation of the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale: A preliminary investigation; paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, November, 1978, Toronto, ON, Canada). In the prison sample, results indicated that the treatment group showed greater improvement on the HRSD (M. Hamilton, Development of a rating scale for primary depressive illness, British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Vol. 6, 1967, pp. 278-296) and the A. T. Beck, R. A. Steer, & G. K. Brown Beck Depression Inventory (2nd ed.), 1996, Psychological Corporation, San Antonio, TX. Approximately half of the treated participants achieved clinically significant change. Analyses of the follow-up data revealed maintenance of treatment gains in the prison and jail samples. In the prison study, significant changes were also observed on a general measure of psychological distress. Overall, results suggest that cognitive bibliotherapy may be efficacious for depressed inmates. PMID:23834667

  1. Bibliotherapy Revisited: Issues in Classroom Management. Developing Teachers' Awareness and Techniques to Help Children Cope Effectively with Stressful Situations

    Jackson, Marilyn N. Malloy


    Are teachers aware of the stress in their classrooms? Do teachers plan for stress control? Educators need to understand why stress is a part of classroom life and how it affects the teacher-student relationship. Bibliotherapy can be an intervention in stress management through books. The use of appropriate reading material to help solve emotional…

  2. Therapist-Assisted, Self-Administered Bibliotherapy to Enhance Parental Competence: Short- and Long-Term Effects

    Hahlweg, Kurt; Heinrichs, Nina; Kuschel, Annett; Feldmann, Marit


    The efficacy of bibliotherapy has primarily been investigated in anxiety disorders, depression, or substance dependence. The efficacy of self-help books to increase parenting competence was only investigated in a few studies despite their broad dissemination in public. The aims of the study were to investigate the short- and long-term efficacy of…

  3. Counting on Frank: Using bibliotherapy in mathematics teaching to prevent de-geniusing

    Joseph M. Furner


    Full Text Available Today the understanding of mathematics is critical in an increasingly technological age. Teachers must play an important role to ensure that all students display confidence in their ability to do mathematics. Often gifted students of mathematics can be made to feel bad by their peers just because they know mathematics and things come easily to them. Children’s and adolescent literature has now been recognised as a means of teaching mathematics to students through the use of stories to make the mathematics concepts relevant and meaningful. Literature can also be used as a form of therapy to reach students who may be frustrated with children picking on them for being good at mathematics. Story and picture books such as Counting on Frank, Math Curse and A Gebra Named Al are now available to use in the classroom as forms of bibliotherapy in helping students come to terms with issues relating to mathematics that haunt them. In this article we discuss the phenomenon of dumbing down by the gifted population to fit in with their peers. We propose using reading and discussion (bibliotherapy to aid in preventing de-geniusing of mathematically gifted students.

  4. An investigation of the differential effectiveness of bibliotherapy and self-regulatory treatments in individuals with panic attacks

    Febbraro, Gregorio A. R.


    Several studies targeting individuals with panic disorder have demonstrated that Cognitive-behavioral treatment (CST) is the psychological treatment of choice. CST interventions that include exposure to panic symptoms, along with cognitive restructuring. breathing retraining, and relaxation training are more effective than any of these components administered alone. Past studies have demonstrated the efficacy of imparting the above CBT components in the form of bibliotherapy (BT) ...

  5. An Investigation of a Minimal-Contact Bibliotherapy Approach to Relapse Prevention for Individuals Treated for Panic Attacks

    Wright, Joseph H.


    The present study was designed to test the efficacy of a bibliotherapy-relapse prevention (BT-RP) program for panic attacks in which the active BT-RP condition was compared to a waiting-list control condition. Prior to the administration of the six-month BT-RP program, all participants completed an initial BT intervention (Febbraro, 1997) based on the book Coping with Panic (Clum, 1990). The BT-RP program was designed to: (a) review major components of the initial intervention; (b) increas...

  6. The Changing Role of Anne of Green Gables from the Perspective of Biblio-therapy



    Anne of Green Gables is L.M. Montgomery's masterpiece. In the book, Anne is initially a poor, ugly and uncultivated girl, and she even doesn't know how to pray. But she is also frank and pure and can never reconcile herself to insults. She struggles hard to protect women's personality and dignity, and pursues self-respect and self-esteem without fear or respite. Finally, she achieves happiness. This essay discusses Anne's character in the light of historical context, and more particularly, against a back-ground of the rules governing women's behaviour at the time the novel was written. What makes Anne change her attitude? Under-lying the discussion is the question:does Anne of Green Gables have anything to teach adolescents today? Anne is not initially inter-ested in conforming but gradually learns that she must do so in order to achieve happiness and harmony. Apologizing is an impor-tant part of this process. The essay focuses on five key apology scenes. In accordance with the principle of bibliotherapy, this essay demonstrates that Anne of Green Gables is a valuable model for teenage readers struggling with when, how and to what degree they should conform to social values and conventions. In the nineteenth century, women made up the majority of the reading public, when they were portrayed in literature, they were in the home. Undoubtfully, Anne of Green Gable is successfully made sense for the adolescents. It is a simple story about a child's basic needs of a home, love, friendship and acceptance. And it is also a psycho-logical study for adolescence to think, act and interact.

  7. Self-help books: bibliotherapy for happiness Libros de autoayuda: Biblioterapia para la felicidad

    Vanina Andrea Papalini


    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to specify several functions of bibliotherapies, focusing the case of self-help books. By the analysis of a sample of 60 books, we propose a number of parameters to classify self-help as a specific discursive genre. That characterisation involves theme, composition structures and literary style, all typical of the genre. The examination of self-help discursive devices enables to understand their performance on discomforms in subjectivty.  Sef-help books are answers imbuid both in hegemonic ideology and in common sense that characterize this period. In this way, its historical developement has had different stages recognizables by the explicit objectives of the books, the foundations of their efficacy and the fields to which their influence is restrincted. The systematization of this evolution –that this article presents- makes easier to understand the eclectisism of this contemporary phenomenom.
    En este artículo, analizo las funciones de las biblioterapias, ocupándome de un caso particular: los libros de autoayuda. A partir del análisis de un corpus de 60 libros, propongo un conjunto de parámetros que permitan clasificar a esta literatura como un género específico, definiendo el tema, el tipo de composición y el estilo que le son propios. El examen de su dispositivo discursivo permite comprender mejor su actuación en los malestares de la subjetividad.
    Los libros de autoayuda son respuestas cifradas en la ideología hegemónica y el sentido común de la época. Como tales, su desarrollo histórico reconoce distintas etapas identificadas según los objetivos prácticos que los textos persiguen, el discurso con el que legitiman su eficacia y el área a la que circunscriben su acción. La sistematización de esta evolución facilita la comprensión del ecléctico fenómeno contemporáneo.

  8. How effective is bibliotherapy-based self-help cognitive behavioral therapy with Internet support in clinical settings? Results from a pilot study.

    Högdahl, Louise; Birgegård, Andreas; Björck, Caroline


    Cognitive behavioral therapy-based guided self-help (CBT-GSH) via the Internet has been shown to be effective in the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN) and similar eating disorders (EDs), but it is rarely offered, and little is known about the effects, in clinical settings. The present study investigated the effects of a bibliotherapy-based CBT-GSH with Internet support in a clinical setting. Participants were 48 adult outpatients who were recruited without randomization from a specialized ED clinic, diagnosed with BN or similar eating disorder. Forty-eight patients in an intensive day patient program (DPP) were used as comparison group. The Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and the Eating Disorder Inventory 2 measured pre- and post treatment symptoms. Results showed that both groups attained significant improvements in core- as well as related ED symptoms in both instruments. As expected, treatment effects were larger in the more intensive DPP. Nonetheless, bibliotherapy CBT-GSH appears to be a cost-effective treatment that represents a new way to provide more CBT in clinical settings. PMID:23757249

  9. Una biblioterapia posible, o «Juana, la del billete de mil» A possible bibliotherapy, or «Juana, the one on the one thousand note»

    Cristina Deberti Martins


    Full Text Available En el presente artículo desarrollamos algunos conceptos básicos sobre la actividad de biblioterapia que llevamos a cabo en el Portal Amarillo (Centro Nacional de Información y Referencia en Drogas-Montevideo-Uruguay. Interdisciplinariedad, perfil del biblioterapeuta, simbolización, son algunos de los temas de este trabajo.In the present article, some basic concepts about the Bibliotherapy activity that we carry out in Portal Amarillo (Centro Nacional de Información y Referencia en Drogas-Montevideo-Uruguay are explained. Interdisciplinarity, Bibliotherapist profile, symbolization, are some of the subjects of the present article.

  10. Effects of dexzopiclone plus bibliotherapy on mental health and sleep quality of insomnia patients%右佐匹克隆联合阅读疗法对失眠症患者心理健康与睡眠质量的影响

    纪家武; 陈旭华


    Objective To explore the effects of dexzopiclone plus bibliotherapy on mental health and sleep quality of insomnia patients .Methods Sixty‐eight insomnia patients were assigned to two groups ,both groups took orally dexzopiclone ,and treatment group was plus bibliotherapy for 12 week .Mental health conditions were assessed with the Symptom Checklist‐90 (SCL‐90) and sleep qualities with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) before and after treatment .Results The total scores of the PSQI of insomnia patients were positively related to that of the SCL‐90 (P< 0 .01);the total ,somatization ,depression , anxiety and additional factor score of the SCL‐90 as well as the total and each factor of the PSQI at each time‐point were significantly lower (P<0 .05 or 0 .01) and cure rate was higher at the end of the 12th week (P<0 .05) in treatment than in control group .The total score of the PSQI tended to upwards in the 12th week in control group .Conclusion Sleep quality is closely related to mental health status ,they influence each other ,dexzopiclone plus bibliotherapy could notably improve mental health status and sleep quality of insomnia patients and its curative effect is durable compare with single medication .%目的:探讨右佐匹克隆联合阅读疗法对失眠症患者心理健康与睡眠质量的影响。方法将68例失眠症患者分为两组,均口服右佐匹克隆,治疗组联合阅读疗法治疗,观察12周。治疗前后采用症状自评量表评定心理健康状况,匹兹堡睡眠质量指数评定睡眠质量。结果失眠症患者症状自评量表总分与匹兹堡睡眠质量指数总分呈显著正相关(P<0.01);治疗组治疗各时点症状自评量表总分、躯体化、抑郁、焦虑、附加因子分及匹兹堡睡眠质量指数总分、各因子分均显著低于对照组( P<0.05或0.01),治疗12周末治愈率显著高于对照组( P<0.05)。对照组在治疗第12周匹兹堡

  11. Bibliotherapy: Helping Children Cope with Life's Challenges

    Rozalski, Michael; Stewart, Angela; Miller, Jason


    Books have long been used by teachers to explore issues whose understanding is considered crucial to students' educational experience. Social studies teachers in middle and high school often rely on poignant stories to teach historical moments that are difficult for students to grasp. More recently, educators and medical health professionals have…

  12. 阅读疗法对缓解期精神分裂症患者自知力治疗依从性及复发的影响%Effect of bibliotherapy on insight recovering,drug therapy compliance and recurrence in remitted schizophrenia patients

    陈飞; 马世民; 杨永杰; 王庆玲; 靳自斌


    Objective To investigate the effect of the bibliotherapy on insight recovering.drug therapy compliance and recurrence in remitted schizophrenia patients.Method 120 schizophrenia patients were randomly divided into the study group and the control group,with 60 cases in each group.The control group were only treated with drugs and the study group were treated with drugs plus bibliotherapy.Compared after 8 weeks treatment and a one-year follow-up was carried out after their discharge from hospital.The clincal efficacy was evaluated by the-Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale(BPRS),the Insight and Treatment Attitude Questionnaire(ITAQ),drug therapy compliance,hospital day and recurrence.Results After treatment 8 weeks,the scale of BPRS of study group lower than that of control group(21.55±8.56 and 24.64±9.45).and the scale of ITAQ of study group higher than that of control group(10.10±4.81 and 8.49±5.12);compliance of study group was better than that of control group(totally compliance:75%and 51.7%,partly compliance:20.0%and 34.5%,none compliance:5.0%and 13.8%,P<0.01).At the end of 1 year,the scale of BPRS of study group lower than that of control group;the scale of ITAQ of study group higher than that of control group and compliance of study group was better than that of control group(totally compliance:63.3%and 36.2%,partly compliance:26.7%and 25.9%,none compliance:10.0%and 37.9%,P<0.01).The recurrence rate of study group was lower than that of control group.The average hospital day of study group was shorter than that of control group[(58±7)d and(76±18)d.P<0.01].Conclusion Bibliotherapy not only is beneficial to the treatment for schizophrenia patients.but also can makes shorter hospital day,lower of these patients the rate of recurrence.%目的 探讨阅读疗法对缓解期精神分裂症患者自知力恢复、治疗依从性及复发的影响.方法 将120例精神分裂症患者随机分为研究组和对照组各60例.疗程8周,出院后随访1年.采

  13. Santa Clara County Library Adult Bibliotherapy Discussion Group Bibliography.

    Lack, Clara, Comp.; Bettencourt, Bruce, Comp.

    Brief citations are given for over 300 items each of which has been used at least twice successfully with discussion groups at jails, halfway houses, convalescent hospitals, alcoholic and drug clinics, and psychiatric hospitals during 1974-75. The listings include poetry, films, biographies, essays, plays, short stories, and music. They are…

  14. Behavioral Bibliotherapy and Games for Testing Fear of the Dark.

    Mikulas, William L.; And Others


    Describes four experiments conducted using a children's storybook and related games designed to help overcome fear of the dark. These materials incorporate behavior modification principles of fear reduction, including modeling, counterconditioning, shaping and hierarchical approach. Overall, the materials were found to be therapeutic,…

  15. Bibliotherapy for Gay and Lesbian Youth: Overcoming the Structure of Silence

    Vare, Jonatha W.; Norton, Terry L.


    Gay and lesbian youth encounter most of the typical biological and cognitive changes of adolescence. However, cultural circumstances create differences in the social and emotional development of many gay and lesbian teens. In the United States, these teens often live within social environments characterized by a hostile fear and an active…

  16. Improving a Counselor Education Web Site through Usability Testing: The Bibliotherapy Education Project

    McMillen, Paula S.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth


    Technology proficiency expectations have proliferated in counselor education; however, limited information in the counseling literature details how to effectively evaluate or refine online resources from a design/utility standpoint. This description of a small-scale usability study demonstrates a cost-effective strategy for improving counselor…

  17. Materials on Creative Arts (Arts, Crafts, Dance, Drama, Music, Bibliotherapy) for Persons with Handicapping Conditions. Revised.

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC. Information and Research Utilization Center.

    Intended as a resource guide for persons who include such subjects as arts, crafts, dance, and music in programs for the handicapped, resources are listed for printed materials, audiovisual materials, resource persons and organizations, and material and equipment suppliers. Brief literature reviews sum up the state of the art in the specific art…

  18. Counting on Frank: Using bibliotherapy in mathematics teaching to prevent de-geniusing

    Joseph M. Furner; Cheryl Kenney


    Today the understanding of mathematics is critical in an increasingly technological age. Teachers must play an important role to ensure that all students display confidence in their ability to do mathematics. Often gifted students of mathematics can be made to feel bad by their peers just because they know mathematics and things come easily to them. Children’s and adolescent literature has now been recognised as a means of teaching mathematics to students through the use of stories to make th...

  19. An Open Study of Internet-Based Bibliotherapy with Minimal Therapist Contact via Email for Social Phobia

    Carlbring, Per; Furmark, Tomas; Steczko, Johan; Ekselius, Lisa; Andersson, Gerhard


    This study evaluated a 9-week Internet-based self-help program for people suffering from social phobia. After confirming the diagnosis with a structured clinical interview for the "DSM-IV" (SCID) by telephone, 26 participants were treated with a multimodal treatment package based on cognitive behavioural therapy plus weekly therapist contact via…

  20. Bibliotherapy: Effect of Group Reading and Discussion on Attitudes of Adult Inmates in Two Correctional Institutions. Final Report.

    Burt, Lesta Norris

    Fifty-nine inmates, men and women, from two correctional institutions were randomly assigned to eight groups to test the effect of book discussion on attitudes. The four experimental groups read and discussed weekly a series of six titles during the 12-week program. The four control groups met three times to participate in a reading interest…

  1. Integrating self-help books into psychotherapy.

    Campbell, Linda F; Smith, Thomas P


    This article describes a systematic and integral method of incorporating self-help books into psychotherapy as a collaborative function. We address the distinctions between self-help and bibliotherapy, consider bibliotherapy as adjunctive or integrative to psychotherapy, and outline the multiple uses of bibliotherapy for clinical purposes. How to apply self-help books in psychotherapy and ways to select books are illustrated by a case example. Indications and contraindications for bibliotherapy in therapy are outlined. PMID:12552626

  2. Using Bibliotheraphy in Adult Counseling

    BULUT, Sefa


    In recent years bibliotherapy has become a popular approach and it has been commonly utilized in psychological counseling as a supplemental method to the traditional counseling techniques. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review was to introduce the bibliotherapy methods to the reader working in adults counseling settings. Bibliotherapy is aimed at changing the client’s faulty assumptions and cognitions and encouraging them by giving a task as reading articles, brochures or books. In...

  3. Unsägliches sagbar machen. Die Poesie- und Bibliotherapeutin Ilse Orth im Interview mit der Textpraxis-Redaktion

    Ilse Orth


    Full Text Available Ilse Orth ist Psychotherapeutin, Leibtherapeutin und Mitbegründerin der Integrativen und Intermedialen Kunsttherapie und der Integrativen Poesie- und Bibliotherapie. Die Textpraxis-Redaktion unterhält sich mit Ilse Orth über dieses Konzept der Poesie- und Bibliotherapie und somit die Möglichkeit, Literatur als Therapieform einzusetzen.

  4. Unsägliches sagbar machen. Die Poesie- und Bibliotherapeutin Ilse Orth im Interview mit der Textpraxis-Redaktion

    Ilse Orth


    Ilse Orth ist Psychotherapeutin, Leibtherapeutin und Mitbegründerin der Integrativen und Intermedialen Kunsttherapie und der Integrativen Poesie- und Bibliotherapie. Die Textpraxis-Redaktion unterhält sich mit Ilse Orth über dieses Konzept der Poesie- und Bibliotherapie und somit die Möglichkeit, Literatur als Therapieform einzusetzen.

  5. The use of a self-help treatment intervention for panic disorder with agoraphobia

    Gould, Robert Andrew


    A recent study suggested that bibliotherapy may be an effective intervention for panic disordered individuals with agoraphobia. The present study attempted to enhance this bibliotherapy intervention by adding audio- and videotape self-help supplements. Thirty subjects suffering panic disorder with mild to moderate agoraphobia were matched on level of avoidance and then randomly assigned to 1) a Wait-list control condition (WL). or 2) a Self-help condition (SH). The intervent...

  6. A utilização da biblioterapia no ensino superior como apoio para a auto-ajuda: implementação de projeto junto aos educandos em fase de processo monográfico / Bibliotherapy use in higher education as support for self help: implementation of a project with learners in monograph process phase

    Neiva Dulce Suzart Alves Bahiana


    Full Text Available A escolha do tema, que será abordado a seguir, teve como propósito: a identificar, refletir e trazer à discussão, as práticas e projeções pedagógicas e familiares relacionadas ao uso da biblioterapia que induzem a comunidade universitária a futuras interações e à prática da leitura; b empreender uma simples análise dos aspectos referentes à utilização da biblioterapia como apoio na formação do sujeito cognitivo, suas implicações e benefícios. Serão relatadas, metodologicamente, experiências vivenciadas em uma faculdade particular, situada no município de Valença, trazendo a lume o nível de stress dos educandos do oitavo semestre do curso de Pedagogia da Faculdade de Ciências Educacionais - FACE, dados coletados através dos métodos estatísticos, significado social da utilização da biblioterapia na formação do senso crítico do sujeito, na era dos avanços tecnológicos, auto-ajuda no combate ao stress na jornada acadêmica. Esperamos que os conjuntos dessas reflexões sirvam para fomentar a questão, incentivar o uso da biblioterapia sob prismas lúdicos, fantasiosos e resgatar a arte de sonhar, entendido como direito universal o que concorre para a redução da depressão, stress, agressividade, atuando diretamente no alívio das tensões psicológicas dos universitários baianos.

  7. A biblioterapia na humanização da assistência hospitalar do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina – HU/UFSC/Bibliotherapy for the hospital care humanization in the university hospital of Santa Catarina Federal University – HU/UFSC

    Eva Seitz


    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por finalidade apresentar resultados do estudo realizado com pacientes, acompanhantes e funcionários das Unidades de Internação Cirúrgica do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UIC/HU/UFSC. O foco central foi o de verificar até que ponto a prática biblioterapêutica e as atividades de lazer contribuem no processo de Humanização da Assistência Hospitalar dos pacientes internados nas (UIC/HU/UFSC, na percepção dos pacientes, acompanhantes, funcionários da enfermagem e assistentes sociais da referida unidade de internação. Foram entrevistados 16 pacientes, 11 acompanhantes e 13 funcionários da enfermagem e assistentes sociais. As atividades de lazer analisadas neste estudo foram a prática biblioterapêutica, as atividades do grupo Reaja e a dança. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa e qualitativa. Quanto ao procedimento técnico, a presente pesquisa é classificada como estudo de caso, no qual, utilizou-se, para a coleta dos dados a entrevista estruturada e, cujos resultados demonstram que as atividades contribuem muito na Humanização da Assistência Hospitalar dos pacientes internados na UIC/HU/UFSC. This article has for purpose to present resulted of the study carried through with patients, companions and employees of the Units of Surgical Internment of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UIC/HU/UFSC. The central focus was to verify until point the practical library-therapy and the activities of leisure contribute in the process of Humanization of the Hospital Assistance of the patients interned in (UIC/HU/UFSC, in the perception of the patients, companions, employees of the nursing and social assistants of the related unit of internment. 16 patients, 11 companions and 13 social employees of the nursing and assistants had been interviewed. The analyzed activities of leisure in this study had been the practical library-therapy, the activities of the group React and the dance. One is about a quantitative and qualitative research. How much to the procedure technician, the present research is classified as case study, in which, it was used, for the collection of the data structuralized interview e, whose resulted they demonstrate that the activities contribute very in the Humanization of the Hospital Assistance of the patients interned in the UIC/HU/UFSC.

  8. Coping with Bullying: What Answers does Children's Literature Provide?

    Flanagan, Kelly S.; Vanden Hoek, Kristin K.; Shelton, Andrew; Kelly, Sarah L.; Morrison, Chelsey M.; Young, Amy M.


    Bibliotherapy is a therapeutic tool for helping children deal with stressful events. Bullying and peer victimization is commonly experienced by children and has been associated with psychosocial maladjustment. However, research suggests that particular coping strategies may be more or less effective. As stories are one avenue through which…

  9. The Impact of Biblio Group Counseling Supported with the Story of "The Little Prince" upon Mindfulness

    Ilbay, Azmi Bayram


    Using books for healing psychological health is becoming popular day by day. In this process bibliotherapy brings forward suggestions of psychological insight, relieving by identification, relieving from suppressed feelings by discharging and reflecting emotions. The aim of this research is to analyse the effect of biblio group counseling…

  10. The Uses of Juvenile Fiction and Self-Help Books with Stepfamilies.

    Coleman, Marilyn; Ganong, Lawrence H.


    Advocates use of bibliotherapy as an adjunct to counseling with stepchildren and remarried adults. Information to guide the selection and use of fiction and self-help books for children and adolescents is provided. Also mentioned are other audiences and uses for the adolescent fiction. (Author)

  11. Understanding Death.

    Heath, Charles P.


    Bibliotherapy can help children prepare for and understand the death of a loved one. An annotated bibliography lists references with age level information on attitudes toward death and deaths of a father, friend, grandparent, mother, pet, and sibling. (Author/CL)

  12. Equity for All Students in the New Millennium: Disabling Math Anxiety.

    Furner, Joseph M.; Duffy, Mary Lou


    This article presents suggestions for classroom teachers to help prevent and reduce math anxiety for students, particularly students with learning disabilities. The use of a "mathitude" survey to assess dispositions toward math is discussed, as well as using journal writing, cooperative learning, the Internet, and bibliotherapy to address anxiety.…

  13. Poetry Therapy: A Bibliography.

    Weinstock, Donald J., Comp.

    The 84 entries contained in this bibliography are arranged under three headings: poetry therapy, bibliotherapy, and relevant related items. Representing books, educational journals, popular magazines, and research studies, the titles span a variety of topics, including the following: poetry therapy in psychiatric nursing, poetry programs in mental…

  14. La lectura como recurso terapéutico.

    Saura, Silvia


    This article highlights the many benefits of reading for the development of people, approaching from its therapeutic function. We conclude that the commitment of information professionals, will reside in assembling all his skills, for multidisciplinary work and the choice of appropriate materials, making contributions from the library, reading and recognizing the vital resource for bibliotherapy.

  15. An Innovative Intervention for Treatment of Child and Adolescent Aggression: An Outcome Study.

    Shechtman, Zipora


    Tests the effectiveness of an intervention designed to reduce aggressive behavior in children and adolescents. Participants were special education students (N=70) with behavioral problems in grades 5-9 living in Israel. A short-term multidimensional program utilizing bibliotherapy and clarifying processes was introduced. The intervention was…

  16. Recommended Books for Helping Young Children Deal with Social and Development Problems.

    Pardeck, John T.; Pardeck, Jean A.


    Outlines strategies for helping young children deal with social and developmental problems through reading--bibliotherapy. Recommends books in a number of problem areas confronting young children, including adoption, anger and other emotions, family relationships, fear and fantasy, foster care, moving, peers and school, single-parent and blended…

  17. Do You Ever Feel That Way? A Story and Activities about Families and Feelings

    Kanewischer, Erica J. W.


    This article provides an intervention to be used with young children in the foster care or adoption system. "Do You Ever Feel That Way? A Story and Activities About Families and Feelings" is a bibliotherapy-based intervention to be used with young children who have experienced removal from their homes due to abuse or neglect. The narrative tells…

  18. Hip Hop Therapy: An Exploratory Study of a Rap Music Intervention with At-Risk and Delinquent Youth.

    Tyson, Edgar H.


    Presents an exploratory study of the therapeutic potential of "Hip-Hop" therapy, an "innovative synergy of rap music, bibliotherapy, and music therapy." Finds that the quantitative and qualitative results partially supported the hypothesis that under a specific set of conditions rap music would improve the therapeutic experience and outcomes for…

  19. When children die: death in current children's literature and its use in a library.

    Walker, M E; Jones, J.


    Death and dying are dealt with realistically and sympathetically in current children's literature. Books can play an important role in helping children suffering from catastrophic illness by showing how other children have coped with similar situations; they can also form a basis for bibliotherapy with patients. This paper examines current trends in children's literature and describes how these books have been incorporated into a patient library at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.

  20. An Leabharlann : The Irish Library

    Sliney, Marjory


    A Career in Librarianship: John Dean. Interview by Helen Fallon; Acceptance speech of Professor John Dean on the occasion of Hon FLAI; Health Sciences Libraries. Kate Kelly considers the issues and trends; Chester Beatty Library. Charles Horton gives an overview of the collections; From small acorns: the Foyle initiative. Elaine Urquhart reports Meath Healthy Reading Scheme. Shauna Henry describes a case study in bibliotherapy; Conference Reports: Internet Librarian 2008- ...

  1. Attitudes and Preferences towards Self-help Treatments for Depression in Comparison to Psychotherapy and Antidepressant Medication.

    Hanson, K.; Webb, T. L.; Sheeran, P.; Turpin, G.


    Background: Self-help is an effective treatment for depression. Less is known, however, about how acceptable people find different self-help treatments for depression. Aims: To investigate preferences and attitudes toward different self-help treatments for depression in comparison to psychotherapy and antidepressants. Method:N = 536 people who were not actively seeking treatment for depression were randomly assigned to read about one of five treatment options (bibliotherapy, Internet-ba...

  2. A Study on Emotional Healing Efficacy of Fiction for Undergraduate

    Chen Su-May Sheih; Pi-Fen Chang Chien


    In modern society, undergraduates may encounter multiple pressures and thus feel the sense of alienation, anxiety, disturbance and depression. For undergraduates, reading can be independently conducted without the intervention of an instructor; therefore, undergraduates who feel reluctant to expose private emotions to counselors can help themselves through the reading of emotional healing books. This is the application of bibliotherapy. Among various resources, fiction can serve as an appropr...

  3. Effects of three depression prevention interventions on risk for depressive disorder onset in the context of depression risk factors.

    Rohde, Paul; Stice, Eric; Gau, Jeff M


    Study aims were to identify subgroups of adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms who had the highest likelihood of developing future major/minor depressive disorder on the basis of depression risk factors and participation in three depression prevention programs, with the goal of evaluating the preventive effect of indicated prevention interventions in the context of known risk factors. Adolescents (N = 341) with elevated depressive symptoms were randomized to one of four prevention intervention conditions (cognitive-behavioral group, supportive-expressive group, cognitive-behavioral bibliotherapy, educational brochure control). By 2-year follow-up, 14% showed onset of major/minor depressive disorders. Classification tree analysis (CTA) revealed that negative attributional style was the most important risk factor: Youth with high scores showed a 4-fold increase in depression onset compared to youth who did not endorse this attributional style. For adolescents with negative attributional style, prevention condition emerged as the most important predictor: Those receiving bibliotherapy showed a 5-fold reduction in depression disorder onset relative to adolescents in the three other intervention conditions. For adolescents who reported low negative attributional style scores, elevated levels of depressive symptoms at baseline emerged as the most potent predictor. Results implicate two key pathways to depression involving negative attributional style and elevated depressive symptoms in this population, and suggest that bibliotherapy may offset the risk conveyed by the most important depression risk factor in this sample. PMID:22932745

  4. [About elderly people and the healing effect of poetry].

    Marcoen, A


    Poems about aging and old age are published regularly in anthologies and websites. Over 15% of persons of 16 years and older in the Netherlands write poems at some time, including 8% of the elderly. Poetry reading and writing can have a beneficial effect. In many countries bibliotherapy and poetry therapy are part of the therapeutic arsenal of the health care practitioners. There is more and more research into the effects of creative writing on many health indicators at the physiological, emotional and cognitive levels of functioning. In the Dutch speaking countries, too, the possible benefits of poetry deserves the attention of gerontological practitioners and researchers. PMID:20593738

  5. Applied Literature for Healing,

    Susanna Marie Anderson


    Full Text Available In this qualitative research study interviews conducted with elite participants serve to reveal the underlying elements that unite the richly diverse emerging field of Applied Literature. The basic interpretative qualitative method included a thematic analysis of data from the interviews yielding numerous common elements that were then distilled into key themes that elucidated the beneficial effects of engaging consciously with literature. These themes included developing a stronger sense of self in balance with an increasing connection with community; providing a safe container to engage challenging and potentially overwhelming issues from a stance of empowered action; and fostering a healing space for creativity. The findings provide grounds for uniting the work being done in a range of helping professions into a cohesive field of Applied Literature, which offers effective tools for healing, transformation and empowerment.Keywords: Applied Literature, Bibliotherapy, Poetry Therapy, Arts in Corrections, Arts in Medicine

  6. [Quality control of printed patient information].

    Herm, Kerstin; Linden, Michael


    Printed material is an important part in patient information and is called bibliotherapy. It is subject to quality control similar to any other types of treatment. This paper presents an outline of important quality criteria and methods of quality control. Important quality criteria are: (a) Correctness and validity of content evaluated by mentioning the expertise of the authors, appraisal through external experts, reference to scientific literature, and empirical tests of the content, (b) Readability in respect to text structure measured by the "Flesch-Reading-Ease-Formula" supported by fair graphical design including fond and structure of text, (c) Comprehensibility tested by feedback of patients or standardized by the Hamburg comprehensibility rating, (d) Utility including securing availability, acceptance, differential indication and use. Writing and publication of patient leaflets must be accompanied by quality control measures. PMID:23446824

  7. Efficacy of a behavioral self-help treatment with or without therapist guidance for co-morbid and primary insomnia -a randomized controlled trial

    Jernelöv Susanna


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cognitive behavioral therapy is treatment of choice for insomnia, but availability is scarce. Self-help can increase availability at low cost, but evidence for its efficacy is limited, especially for the typical insomnia patient with co-morbid problems. We hypothesized that a cognitive behaviorally based self-help book is effective to treat insomnia in individuals, also with co-morbid problems, and that the effect is enhanced by adding brief therapist telephone support. Methods Volunteer sample; 133 media-recruited adults with insomnia. History of sleep difficulties (mean [SD] 11.8 [12.0] years. 92.5% had co-morbid problems (e.g. allergy, pain, and depression. Parallel randomized (block-randomization, n ≥ 21 controlled "open label" trial; three groups-bibliotherapy with (n = 44 and without (n = 45 therapist support, and waiting list control (n = 44. Assessments before and after treatment, and at three-month follow-up. Intervention was six weeks of bibliotherapeutic self-help, with established cognitive behavioral methods including sleep restriction, stimulus control, and cognitive restructuring. Therapist support was a 15-minute structured telephone call scheduled weekly. Main outcome measures were sleep diary data, and the Insomnia Severity Index. Results Intention-to-treat analyses of 133 participants showed significant improvements in both self-help groups from pre to post treatment compared to waiting list. For example, treatment with and without support gave shorter sleep onset latency (improvement minutes [95% Confidence Interval], 35.4 [24.2 to 46.6], and 20.6 [10.6 to 30.6] respectively, and support gave a higher remission rate (defined as ISI score below 8; 61.4%, than bibliotherapy alone (24.4%, p's Conclusions Participants receiving self-help for insomnia benefited markedly. Self-help, especially if therapist-supported, has considerable potential to be as effective as individual treatment at lower cost, also for

  8. Elderly health and literature therapy: a theoretical review.

    Eum, Yeongcheol; Yim, Jongeun; Choi, Wonjae


    Recently, the problems of old age have been discussed in terms of two aspects: preventive and therapeutic approach. The previous studies on the preventive aspect have been mostly concerned with the educational preparation for successful approach to elderly, directing focus toward the transitional period of the old age. Most research into the therapeutic aspect on the elderly diseases has focused on organic mental disorders such as dementia and functional mental diseases such as depression. This study aims to suggest the preventive and new therapeutic possibility in old people through combining the elderly health with literature. First, the research results regarding the social background for the elderly problems indicate that geriatric diseases increase in proportion to the increase of the population. Secondly, for the literature therapy, it is initially required to seek a comprehensive understanding about the health of the elderly through the phased consideration for the elderly problems. Thirdly, for the treatment of geriatric diseases by using literature, it is necessary to develop more active and integrative literature therapy than passive bibliotherapy. Literature therapy is the use of literature in the treatment of people with emotional or mental illness. Fourthly, theoretical approach should be considered for the health of the elderly and the literature therapy. From a literary approach, the literature therapy can help the study on geriatric diseases such as dementia and depression. Thus, the program for the health of geriatric issues and literature therapy should be developed as the next step in the future. PMID:24522118

  9. Reel help for real life: Film therapy and beyond

    Philippa Strong


    Full Text Available In this article the background, development, therapeutical value and praxis of film therapy in Christian counselling will be addressed. The second part of the article shows what the scenery beyond film therapy may look like and how this form of therapy may extend to other areas of digital and electronic media in the current counselling and pastoral care praxis. Postmodernity, as the context within which the society finds itself, is discussed, as well as the place of films in postmodernity. The important use and application of narratives in the postmodern era is discussed. Film therapy’s development as an outgrowth of bibliotherapy is explained. It is further shown how film therapy as a tool in the praxis of therapy may provide the ideal atmosphere for learning, enjoyment and edification. The scope of the article also reaches beyond the current use of film therapy by suggesting the use of other social and electronic media in a therapeutical way as an ever-increasing possibility. The article ends with some pointers in the use of film therapy.

  10. Influential psychotherapy figures, authors, and books: An Internet survey of over 2,000 psychotherapists.

    Cook, Joan M; Biyanova, Tatyana; Coyne, James C


    In a partial replication and extension of a survey conducted 25 years ago (Smith, 1982), over 2,400 North American psychotherapists completed a Web-based survey in which they identified prominent figures in the psychotherapy field who have most influenced their practice and the best psychotherapy books they had read in the past 3 years. There is a continued prominence to leaders of the field from 25 years ago but who are now deceased, notably the top-ranked Carl Rogers. Three books on the top-10 list represent empirically supported therapies (ESTs); two are treatment manuals for an EST, and one is a self-help book derived from an EST that has itself been shown to be efficacious bibliotherapy. Differences between psychologist and nonpsychologist therapists in the choice of influential figures, authors, and books are negligible. Implications are discussed in terms of the contemporary context into which therapeutic innovations are disseminated, as well as the conditions that may be necessary for successful dissemination. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:22122569

  11. Comparing two books and establishing probably efficacious treatment for low sexual desire.

    Balzer, Alexandra M; Mintz, Laurie B


    Using a sample of 45 women, this study compared the effectiveness of a previously studied (Mintz, Balzer, Zhao, & Bush, 2012) bibliotherapy intervention (Mintz, 2009), a similar self-help book (Hall, 2004), and a wait-list control (WLC) group. To examine intervention effectiveness, between and within group standardized effect sizes (interpreted with Cohen's, 1988 benchmarks .20 = small, .50 = medium, .80+ = large) and their confidence limits are used. In comparison to the WLC group, both interventions yielded large between-group posttest effect sizes on a measure of sexual desire. Additionally, large between-group posttest effect sizes were found for sexual satisfaction and lubrication among those reading the Mintz book. When examining within-group pretest to posttest effect sizes, medium to large effects were found for desire, lubrication, and orgasm for both books and for satisfaction and arousal for those reading the Mintz book. When directly comparing the books, all between-group posttest effect sizes were likely obtained by chance. It is concluded that both books are equally effective in terms of the outcome of desire, but whether or not there is differential efficacy in terms of other domains of sexual functioning is equivocal. Tentative evidence is provided for the longer term effectiveness of both books in enhancing desire. Arguing for applying criteria for empirically supported treatments to self-help, results are purported to establish the Mintz book as probably efficacious and to comprise a first step in this designation for the Hall book. PMID:25730171

  12. [Complementary treatment methods for depression in children and adolescents].

    Dolle, Kathrin; Schulte-Körne, Gerd


    Depressive disorders are among the more common mental illnesses around the world, about 1- 3% of prepubertal children and 6% of postpubertal children and adolescents are affected. They markedly impair psychosocial development and are associated with higher rate of morbidity and mortality throughout life. Many physicians are unsure about which treatment approaches are effective and how the treatment should be planned. A systematic literature search was carried out in electronic databases and study registries and as a manual search. More than 450 studies (mostly randomized controlled trials = RCTs) were identified and summarized in evidence tables. The ensuing recommendations were agreed upon in a consensus conference. The review summarizes the evidence of complementary treatment methods. The evidence for complementary treatment methods (art and music therapy, sleep deprivation, exercise, electroconvulsive therapy, massage, transcranial magnetic stimulation, relaxation, bibliotherapy, computer based therapy, light therapy, omega-3 treatment) is low or there is no evidence due to missing studies or studies of poor quality. For some methods, i. e. light therapy, relaxation and stress reduction and sleep deprivation there is limited indication for effectiveness without sufficient evidence for a practical guidance. There is an urgent need for adequately informative comparative studies on treatment of depression in children and adolescents considering also complementary methods. PMID:24707770

  13. Leer: un derecho …….también en el hospital Reading: A Right… Also in the Hospital

    Cristina Deberti Martins


    Full Text Available Abordamos la temática de la lectura como fenómeno complejo de construcción de sentido y de re-construcción del sí mismo, especialmente en situaciones de vulnerabilidad psíquica y física como es el caso de los sujetos hospitalizados. Se destaca el papel de la biblioterapia como una herramienta posible a aplicar en los diversos centros de salud. El marco teórico desde el cual se reflexiona es el Psicoanálisis (fundamentalmente la teoría de Winnicott y la Antropología de la Lectura (Michèle Petit. Se relata la experiencia de creación de biblioteca para pacientes en el Portal Amarillo (Centro de Información y Referencia en Drogas, Uruguay.We approach the subject of reading as a complex phenomenon of construction of sense, and reconstruction of oneself, especially in situations of psychic and physical vulnerability as in the case of the hospitalized people. The role of the bibliotherapy is important as a possible tool to apply in the different health centers. The theoretical frame considered is the psychoanalysis (essentially the theory of Winnicott and the anthropology of the reading (Michèle Petit. Experience of creation of library for patients in the Portal Amarillo is described (Centro de Información y Referencia en Drogas, Uruguay.

  14. Curriculum development: Preparing trainees to care for children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders.

    Foley, Kimberly P; Haggerty, Treah S; Harrison, Natasha


    Family physicians provide care for about one-third of the children and adolescents in the United States, many of whom present with psychological concerns. Family physicians often do not recognize these psychological disorders and therefore do not diagnose or treat them. This report describes the implementation of a curriculum designed to increase family medicine trainees' level of awareness that children/adolescents experience psychiatric conditions. This goal is achieved through the addition of a clinical child/adolescent psychologist faculty member, resident self-assessment of training needs and subsequent development of didactic presentations to address these needs. The curriculum relies on the acquisition of child/adolescent psychiatric screeners, development of child/adolescent-focused bibliotherapy materials, and the development of a longitudinal behavioral sciences curriculum. To facilitate the screening of child/adolescent psychiatric disorders, a comprehensive collection of age-appropriate psychiatric screeners were compiled and made readily available in all precepting areas. To assist with the identification of specific child/adolescent psychiatric deficit areas, family medicine resident physicians were presented with an inventory of child/adolescent psychiatric, psychosocial, and behavioral topics, based upon American Academy of Family Practice guidelines and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition psychiatric disorders, and self-selected training deficiencies. PMID:26113643

  15. The role of self-help in the treatment of mild anxiety disorders in young people: an evidence-based review

    Bradford S


    Full Text Available Debra Rickwood1,2, Sally Bradford31Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, Australia; 2headspace: National Youth Mental Health Foundation, North Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 3Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, AustraliaAbstract: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health problems experienced by young people, and even mild anxiety can significantly limit social, emotional, and cognitive development into adulthood. It is, therefore, essential that anxiety is treated as early and effectively as possible. Young people are unlikely, however, to seek professional treatment for their problems, increasing their chance of serious long-term problems such as impaired peer relations and low self-esteem. The barriers young people face to accessing services are well documented, and self-help resources may provide an alternative option to respond to early manifestations of anxiety disorders. This article reviews the potential benefits of self-help treatments for anxiety and the evidence for their effectiveness. Despite using inclusive review criteria, only six relevant studies were found. The results of these studies show that there is some evidence for the use of self-help interventions for anxiety in young people, but like the research with adult populations, the overall quality of the studies is poor and there is need for further and more rigorous research.Keywords: adolescent, young adult, children, mental disorder, self-administered, bibliotherapy, therapist-guided

  16. A Study on Emotional Healing Efficacy of Fiction for Undergraduate

    Chen Su-May Sheih


    Full Text Available In modern society, undergraduates may encounter multiple pressures and thus feel the sense of alienation, anxiety, disturbance and depression. For undergraduates, reading can be independently conducted without the intervention of an instructor; therefore, undergraduates who feel reluctant to expose private emotions to counselors can help themselves through the reading of emotional healing books. This is the application of bibliotherapy. Among various resources, fiction can serve as an appropriate emotional reading material. The researcher deployed semi-structured in-depth interview, and interviewed 21 undergraduates in Taipei City and Taipei County. This study is aimed to understand the kinds of fictions undergraduates read when they are upset and to analyze the emotional healing process of identification, catharsis, and insight so that the emotional healing efficacy can be evaluated. The findings showed that romance, realistic fiction, fantasy, martial arts novel, inspirational fiction, historical fiction, and science fiction can provide full process of emotional healing efficacy. However, detective fiction, online novel, psychological fiction, and horror fiction can only provide parts of the healing process. Besides, the healing efficacy of a specific fiction is different from reader to reader.

  17. [Behavioral treatment for chronic insomnia].

    Adachi, Yoshiko; Yamagami, Toshiko


    The efficacy of non-pharmacological intervention for chronic insomnia has been proven by several meta-analytic reviews, an NIH report, an American Academy of Sleep Medicine review, and numerous clinical trials. Behavior therapy for chronic insomnia consists of relaxation, stimulus control, sleep restriction, cognitive restructuring and sleep hygiene education, which has produced reliable and durable changes in total sleep time, sleep onset latency, number and duration of awakening. These studies also showed that the post-treatment effect of behavior therapy is equal to that of hypnotic therapy, and that these effects were maintained for 6 months on follow-up assessment. Elderly insomniac patients would gain considerable benefit from behavioral treatments because there are no adverse physical effects as there are from pharmacological therapy. The authors present the basic theory, techniques of behavior therapy for insomnia, and the results of two important key meta-analytic reviews. Any behavioral approach such as convenient education, self-care enhancement by bibliotherapy, and individual face-to-face counseling, seem to be fruitful not only for American but also Japanese insomnia patients. Nonetheless, there are no currently actual intervention studies using behavior therapy in Japan. We have discussed the methodology of intervention study and published a behavioral self-help manual for people with sleep problems. Development of a behavioral approach to chronic insomnia seemed to be very beneficial and a useful contribution to mental health services. PMID:12373807

  18. Self-help interventions for adjustment disorder problems: a randomized waiting-list controlled study in a sample of burglary victims.

    Bachem, Rahel; Maercker, Andreas


    Adjustment disorders (AjD) are among the most frequent mental disorders yet often remain untreated. The high prevalence, comparatively mild symptom impairment, and transient nature make AjD a promising target for low-threshold self-help interventions. Bibliotherapy represents a potential treatment for AjD problems. This study investigates the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral self-help manual specifically directed at alleviating AjD symptoms in a homogenous sample of burglary victims. Participants with clinical or subclinical AjD symptoms following experience of burglary were randomized to an intervention group (n = 30) or waiting-list control group (n = 24). The new explicit stress response syndrome model for diagnosing AjD was applied. Participants received no therapist support and assessments took place at baseline, after the one-month intervention, and at three-month follow-up. Based on completer analyses, group by time interactions indicated that the intervention group showed more improvement in AjD symptoms of preoccupation and in post-traumatic stress symptoms. Post-intervention between-group effect sizes ranged from Cohen's d = .17 to .67 and the proportion of participants showing reliable change was consistently higher in the intervention group than in the control group. Engagement with the self-help manual was high: 87% of participants had worked through at least half the manual. This is the first published RCT of a bibliotherapeutic self-help intervention for AjD problems. The findings provide evidence that a low-threshold self-help intervention without therapist contact is a feasible and effective treatment for symptoms of AjD. PMID:27299909

  19. El valor terapéutico de la lectura en el medio hospitalario



    Full Text Available RESUMEN: La incorporación de bibliotecas, así como el fomento de la lectura dentro de las instituciones hospitalarias es un área de interés creciente para las personas que nos dedicamos a la atención del niño hospitalizado en favor de su calidad de vida. Junto a las aportaciones teóricas derivadas de este enfoque, hay que resaltar la existencia de un cuerpo creciente de evidencia empírica y de importantes implicaciones en la práctica profesional. Teniendo en cuenta la necesidad de hacer más placentera la estancia hospitalaria, el artículo que se presenta se centra fundamentalmente en aportar una visión de la lectura como un instrumento de desarrollo personal y como medio para distraer y curar (biblioterapia además de valorar el panorama de las iniciativas desarrolladas dentro del contexto hospitalario que se presentan como una necesidad a tener en cuenta y que urge desarrollar.ABSTRACT: The incorporation of libraries as well as the fostering of reading in hospital institutions form an area of growing interest for those devoted to improving the quality of life of hospitalised children. Together with the theoretical contributions deriving from this approach, it should be stressed that there is growing empirical evidence with important implications for professional practice. With a view to the need to make hospital stays more pleasant, the present article focuses mainly on giving a view of reading as an instrument for personal development and as a means to distract and cure (bibliotherapy, besides evaluating the panorama of the initiatives developed within the hospital context, which are presented as a need to be taken into account and which should urgently be developed.

  20. Efficacy of technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for OCD versus control conditions, and in comparison with therapist-administered CBT: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Dèttore, Davide; Pozza, Andrea; Andersson, Gerhard


    Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a well-established treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, few patients receive CBT, due to factors such as geographic limitations, perceived stigmatization, and lack of CBT services. Technology-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (T-CBT) could be an effective strategy to improve patients' access to CBT. To date, a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of T-CBT for OCD has not been conducted. This study used meta-analytic techniques to summarize evidence on the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD versus control conditions and therapist-administered CBT. A meta-analysis according to Prisma guidelines was conducted on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of T-CBT for OCD. Treatment was classified as T-CBT if evidence-based CBT active ingredients for OCD were included (psychoeducation, ERP, and cognitive restructuring), delivered through health technologies (e.g. self-help books, leaflets, and other forms of bibliotherapy) or remote communication technologies (e.g. the Internet, web-cameras, telephones, telephone-interactive voice response systems, and CD-ROMS). Studies using validated outcomes for OCD or depression were included. Eight trials were included (N = 420). Two trials were classified as at high risk of bias. T-CBT seemed to be superior to control conditions on OCD symptom outcomes at post-treatment (d = 0.82, 99% CI = 0.55-1.08, p = 0.001), but not on comorbid depression (d = 0.33, 99% CI = - 0.01-0.67, p = 0.020). Difference in the efficacy on OCD symptoms between T-CBT and therapist-administered CBT was not significant, despite a trend favouring therapist-administered CBT emerged (d = 0.45, 95% CI = 0.03-0.87, p = 0.033). Directions for research are discussed. Further RCTs are warranted to examine the efficacy of T-CBT for OCD. PMID:25705787

  1. Participation and outcome in manualized self-help for bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder - a systematic review and metaregression analysis.

    Beintner, Ina; Jacobi, Corinna; Schmidt, Ulrike H


    There is a growing body of research on manualized self-help interventions for bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). Study and treatment dropout and adherence represent particular challenges in these studies. However, systematic investigations of the relationship between study, intervention and patient characteristics, participation, and intervention outcomes are lacking. We conducted a systematic literature review using electronic databases and hand searches of relevant journals. In metaregression analyses, we analyzed study dropout as well as more specific measures of treatment participation in manualized self-help interventions, their association with intervention characteristics (e.g. duration, guidance, intervention type [bibliotherapy, CD-ROM or Internet based intervention]) and their association with treatment outcomes. Seventy-three publications reporting on 50 different trials of manualized self-help interventions for binge eating and bulimia nervosa published through July 9th 2012 were identified. Across studies, dropout rates ranged from 1% to 88%. Study dropout rates were highest in CD-ROM interventions and lowest in Internet-based interventions. They were higher in samples of BN patients, samples of patients with higher degrees of dietary restraint at baseline, lower age, and lower body mass index. Between 6% and 88% of patients completed the intervention to which they had been assigned. None of the patient, study and intervention characteristics predicted intervention completion rates. Intervention outcomes were moderated by the provision of personal guidance by a health professional, the number of guidance sessions as well as participants' age, BMI, and eating disorder related attitudes (Restraint, Eating, Weight and Shape Concerns) at baseline (after adjusting for study dropout and intervention completion rates). Guidance particularly improved adherence and outcomes in samples of patients with bulimia nervosa; specialist guidance led

  2. Self-help interventions for depressive disorders and depressive symptoms: a systematic review

    Jorm Anthony F


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research suggests that depressive disorders exist on a continuum, with subthreshold symptoms causing considerable population burden and increasing individual risk of developing major depressive disorder. An alternative strategy to professional treatment of subthreshold depression is population promotion of effective self-help interventions that can be easily applied by an individual without professional guidance. The evidence for self-help interventions for depressive symptoms is reviewed in the present work, with the aim of identifying promising interventions that could inform future health promotion campaigns or stimulate further research. Methods A literature search for randomised controlled trials investigating self-help interventions for depressive disorders or depressive symptoms was performed using PubMed, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Reference lists and citations of included studies were also checked. Studies were grouped into those involving participants with depressive disorders or a high level of depressive symptoms, or non-clinically depressed participants not selected for depression. A number of exclusion criteria were applied, including trials with small sample sizes and where the intervention was adjunctive to antidepressants or psychotherapy. Results The majority of interventions searched had no relevant evidence to review. Of the 38 interventions reviewed, the ones with the best evidence of efficacy in depressive disorders were S-adenosylmethionine, St John's wort, bibliotherapy, computerised interventions, distraction, relaxation training, exercise, pleasant activities, sleep deprivation, and light therapy. A number of other interventions showed promise but had received less research attention. Research in non-clinical samples indicated immediate beneficial effects on depressed mood for distraction, exercise, humour, music, negative air ionisation, and singing; while potential