Sample records for benefit information support

  1. Information Portal Costs and Benefits

    Lorena BATAGAN


    Full Text Available All transformations of our society are the product of the large use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT and Internet. ICT are technologies which facilitate communication, processing, and transmission of information by electronic means. It is very important to use the new technologies to the correct value because this determinate an increase of global benefits. Portal provides a consistent way to select, evaluate, prioritize and plan the right information. In research we point the important costs and benefits for an informational portal. The portal for local administrative determinate for citizens the access to information of interest and on the other hand make easier for employer to manage the documents.

  2. Benefits Realization from Information Technology

    Ashurst, Dr Colin


    Drawing on the author's recent and ongoing research this book explores how to build the organizational capability to realise the strategic potential of information technology. It tackles the gap between theory and practice and how to gain wider adoption of successful socio-technical and benefits-driven approaches to investments in IT.


    SHIBKO O. N.


    Full Text Available Problem statement. Modern information technology is developing in a globalized economy, the formation of a common information space and as a result, changes relation to the information of participants of market relations. New conditions lead to an increase in the number of parties involved in the creation and use of information, to the increase of the volume of information and the frequency of its use, making the actual task of the operational management of the activity of the staff of the various organizations. Information support includes normative and reference data; the necessary classificatory of technical and economic information; arrays of data needed to solve problems; standardized documents. The main purpose of providing information is timely to give management system, accurate information in particular, decision-makers, necessary and sufficient for making optimal or near-management decisions. Purpose of the article: to study and to improve methods of the design of information support (IS and of implemented solutions for the objects, the arrangement and forms of organization of the information circulating in the automated control system when it is functioning as an object of a certain structure. Conclusion. Thus, the choice of a method of designing information support determines by the necessity of the development of the mathematical apparatus, providing the formal means of work with information resources. The mathematical apparatus and methods should provide the formulated tasks of designing information support.

  4. Benefits of the Informal Organization

    Stan ªtefania Anca


    In today’s world, with development of economic globalization and competition among enterprises of the content, in addition to markets, products, technologies, increased competition in human resources. The purpose of study of the informal organization is to its as a human resources can be developed, the correct guidance, the positive role played by the informal organization to avoid the damaging effects, so that the work of groups rationalize and improve efficiency. Ignoring the informal organ...

  5. Informing climate policy given incommensurable benefits estimates

    Underlying individual positions in debates over climate policy are assessments of benefit and costs - sometimes explicit, but more often implicit. What should we be willing to pay in the near term to reduce human emissions, given our understanding of the value of climate impacts avoided? What actions are justified now to ease adaptation to change that may come in any event? Such assessments may reflect the viewpoint of one nation, a group like Annex B, or the sum of all nations. They may incorporate uncertainty in different ways, and include different assumptions about future behavior as it influences the marginal benefit of action today. But, however done, any recommendation of a limit on human influence in the long term, or of the level of current effort, implies a weighing-up of the benefits expected, for comparison with the costs to be borne. An ability to communicate about perceived benefits thus is essential for authorities seeking a common response to the threat of human-caused change. They need some shared conception of what is at stake in the choice of one level of effort or another, and a common terminology for incorporating these considerations into international negotiations and domestic decision-making. The frustration of OECD governments with the current state of benefit information is revealed in the ambitious set of objectives set for this benefits project (OECD, 2002). They seek recommendations on how to develop a framework to assess not only the costs but the benefits of climate strategies, to improve the accounting for benefits to facilitate goal-setting for international policies. Besides this focus on global benefits, the OECD also looks for results that are relevant to national policy-making and to the development of adaptation strategies. Particular attention is asked to problems of accounting for non-market benefits, along with the intersection of climate policy with developing country issues. It is appropriate that the OECD seeks a

  6. Quantitative methods to support drug benefit-risk assessment

    Caster, Ola


    Joint evaluation of drugs’ beneficial and adverse effects is required in many situations, in particular to inform decisions on initial or sustained marketing of drugs, or to guide the treatment of individual patients. This synthesis, known as benefit-risk assessment, is without doubt important: timely decisions supported by transparent and sound assessments can reduce mortality and morbidity in potentially large groups of patients. At the same time, it can be hugely complex: drug effects are ...

  7. Disclosing Risk Information: Assessing the Benefits

    This paper describes a framework for examining the benefits of risk information disclosure and illustrates the framework through brief case studies of three information disclosure programs in the United States. I describe a general framework for analyzing the benefits of information disclosure and illustrate the framework by analyzing three disclosure programs in the United States: risk management planning (RMP), which provides detailed information on chemical accident risks and prevention; materials accounting, which provides information on how chemicals travel through processes at industrial facilities; and the Sector Facility Indexing Project (SFIP), which consolidates enforcement, compliance, and other data into a package of environmental performance indicators. This paper has outlined the types of benefits information disclosure programs ought to seek to achieve. Normative right-to-know benefits have been limited in some program because of intentionally circumscribed information sharing and apparent public disinterest. Substantive benefits have been more apparent, with many firms, agencies, NGOs, and others being able to point to the value of newly revealed information in better understanding environmental problems and the means to correct them. Instrumental benefits have been mixed, and firms appear to be responding to many motivations - not just public pressure - in deciding whether to improve environmental performance




    The AS-DB and AS-SU groups within the Administrative Support division now offer a central entry point to the computer based Information Services under their responsibilities: the AIS Web site at features comprehensive search and navigation facilities as well as an activity based business map to guide AIS users to the information they want. Users will be able to launch any AIS WEB application from its desktop.Enjoy a visit of the site, we value your feedback at!AS-DB/AS-SU

  9. Early Intervention in Portugal: Family Support and Benefits

    Correia Leite, Carina Sofia; Da Silva Pereira, Ana Paula


    This study investigated the support and benefits of early intervention (EI) in families with children with special needs. Data were gathered through a written questionnaire, "Family Benefits Inventory," completed by 126 families with children with special needs supported by EI teams, with ages from six months to six years in Portugal.…

  10. Mammography screening. Benefits, harms, and informed choice

    Jørgensen, Karsten Juhl


    . A mortality reduction can never justify a medical intervention in its own right, but must be weighed against the harms. Overdiagnosis is the most important harm of breast screening, but has gained wider recognition only in recent years. Screening leads to the detection and treatment of breast......-detected breast cancers are overdiagnosed. An effect on breast cancer mortality is doubtful in today's setting, and overdiagnosis causes an increase in the use of mastectomies. These findings are discussed in the context of tumour biology and stage at diagnosis. The information provided to women in invitations...... and on the Internet exaggerates benefits, participation is directly recommended, and the harms are downplayed or left out, despite agreement that the objective is informed choice. This raises an ethical discussion concerning autonomy versus paternalism, and the difficulty in weighing benefits against...

  11. Benefits and costs of supported employment from three perspectives.

    Clark, R E; Xie, H; Becker, D R; Drake, R E


    Administrators, consumers, and policy makers are increasingly interested in supported employment as a way of helping persons with severe mental illness get and keep competitive jobs. However, in an atmosphere of increased expectations for performance and declining public financing, administrators want to know the costs and benefits of different approaches before they reallocate scarce treatment or rehabilitative dollars. This article discusses the net benefits of two approaches to supported employment that were compared in a randomized trial: Individual Placement and Support (IPS) and Group Skills Training (GST). The authors analyze costs and benefits from societal, government, and consumer perspectives. Although a previous analysis showed that IPS participants were significantly more likely to find work, worked more hours, and had higher earnings, net benefits of the two programs were not significantly different. The authors also discuss some of the strengths and weaknesses of cost-benefit analysis in mental health care and suggest future directions for policy and research. PMID:9516291

  12. The obstetrical and postpartum benefits of continuous support during childbirth.

    Scott, K D; Klaus, P H; Klaus, M H


    The purpose of this article is to review the evidence regarding the effectiveness of continuous support provided by a trained laywoman (doula) during childbirth on obstetrical and postpartum outcomes. Twelve individual randomized trials have compared obstetrical and postpartum outcomes between doula-supported women and women who did not receive doula support during childbirth. Three meta-analyses, which used different approaches, have been performed on the results of the clinical trials. Emotional and physical support significantly shortens labor and decreases the need for cesarean deliveries, forceps and vacuum extraction, oxytocin augmentation, and analgesia. Doula-supported mothers also rate childbirth as less difficult and painful than do women not supported by a doula. Labor support by fathers does not appear to produce similar obstetrical benefits. Eight of the 12 trials report early or late psychosocial benefits of doula support. Early benefits include reductions in state anxiety scores, positive feelings about the birth experience, and increased rates of breastfeeding initiation. Later postpartum benefits include decreased symptoms of depression, improved self-esteem, exclusive breastfeeding, and increased sensitivity of the mother to her child's needs. The results of these 12 trials strongly suggest that doula support is an essential component of childbirth. A thorough reorganization of current birth practices is in order to ensure that every woman has access to continuous emotional and physical support during labor. PMID:10643833

  13. Environmental insurance: research information support

    Rykova Valentina V.


    he article describes information resources to support research on the issue of environmental insurance. It represents a brief analysis of a documentary flow, traces its dynamics and typical-thematic structures, shows the most productive journals 

  14. Clinical Information Support System (CISS)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — Clinical Information Support System (CISS) is a web-based portal application that provides a framework of services for the VA enterprise and supplies an integration...

  15. Family benefits - Obligation to provide information

    HR Department


    Pursuant to Article R V 1.38 of the Staff Regulations, members of the personnel are reminded that they are required to inform the Organization in writing, within 30 calendar days, of any change in their family situation (marriage, partnership, birth of a child, etc.) and of the amount of any financial benefit of a similar nature to those stipulated in the Staff Regulations (e.g. family allowance, child allowance, infant allowance, non-resident allowance or international indemnity) to which they or a member of their family may be entitled from a source other than CERN.   The procedures to be followed are available in the Admin e-guide: Members of the personnel are also reminded that any false declaration or failure to make a declaration with a view to deceiving others or achieving a gain resulting in a loss of funds or reputation for CERN constitutes fraud and may lead to disciplinary action in accordance with Article S VI 2.01 of ...

  16. Family benefits – Obligation to provide information

    HR department


    Pursuant to Article R V 1.38 of the Staff Regulations, members of the personnel are reminded that they are required to inform the Organization in writing, within 30 calendar days, of any change in their family situation (marriage, partnership, birth of a child, etc.) and of the amount of any financial benefit of a similar nature to those stipulated in the Staff Regulations (e.g. family allowance, child allowance, infant allowance, non-resident allowance or international indemnity) to which they or a member of their family may be entitled from a source other than CERN.   The procedures to be followed are available in the admin e-guide: Members of the personnel are also reminded that any false declaration or failure to make a declaration with a view to deceiving others or achieving a gain resulting in a loss of funds or reputation for CERN constitutes fraud and may lead to disciplinary action in accordance with Article S VI 2.01 of ...

  17. Family benefits - Obligation to provide information

    HR Department


    Pursuant to Article R V 1.38 of the Staff Regulations, members of the personnel are reminded that they are required to inform the Organization in writing, within 30 calendar days, of any change in their family situation (marriage, partnership, birth of a child, etc.) and of the amount of any financial benefit of a similar nature to those provided for in the Staff Regulations (e.g. family allowance, child allowance, infant allowance, non-resident allowance or international indemnity) to which they or a member of their family may be entitled from a source other than CERN.   The procedures to be followed are available in the Admin e-guide: Members of the personnel are also reminded that any false declaration or failure to make a declaration with a view to deceiving others or achieving a gain resulting in a loss of funds or reputation for CERN constitutes fraud and may lead to disciplinary action in accordance with Article S ...

  18. Information System Selection: Methods for Comparing Service Benefits

    Bradley, Evelyn; Campbell, James G.


    Automated hospital information systems are purchased both for their potential impact on costs (economic benefits) and for their potential impact on the efficiency and effectiveness of hospital performance (Service Benefits). This paper defines and describes Service Benefits and describes their importance in information system selection.

  19. Air Risk Information Support Center

    Shoaf, C.R.; Guth, D.J. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)


    The Air Risk Information Support Center (Air RISC) was initiated in early 1988 by the US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) Office of Health and Environmental Assessment (OHEA) and the Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS) as a technology transfer effort that would focus on providing information to state and local environmental agencies and to EPA Regional Offices in the areas of health, risk, and exposure assessment for toxic air pollutants. Technical information is fostered and disseminated by Air RISCs three primary activities: (1) a {open_quotes}hotline{close_quotes}, (2) quick turn-around technical assistance projects, and (3) general technical guidance projects. 1 ref., 2 figs.

  20. Internet skills, sources of support and benefiting from internet use

    van Deursen, Alexander; Courtois, Cédric; van Dijk, Jan


    This study added communication Internet skills to an existing skill framework of operational, formal, information, and strategic skills. The study investigated how people deal with inadequate skill levels by identifying support sources. Furthermore, we investigated which of the Internet skills actually matter for attaining beneficial Internet outcomes and whether support sources employed moderate these effects. Results of a large-scale survey revealed three support patterns: independents, soc...

  1. Consumer responses to risk-benefit information about food

    Dijk, van, S.I.


    Communication about the healthiness of consuming different food products has typically involved either health messages about the associated risks or benefits. In reality, consumption decisions often involve consumers “trading-off” the risks and benefits associated with the consumption of a particular food product. If consumers are to make informed choices about food consumption, they may need to simultaneously understand both risk and benefit information associated with consuming different fo...

  2. Perceived roles, benefits, and supports for dietetic internship preceptors.

    Ortman, Deanne; Mann, Linda; Arsenault, Judy Fraser


    Evaluation of university-run dietetic internship programs will improve preceptors' experience and, ultimately, increase the capacity for training future dietitians. We attempted to identify preceptors' perceptions of their roles, benefits, and supports, as well as of the skills/traits that students need for internship, and suggested improvements for the internship program. Fifteen of 39 current program preceptors who had supervised more than one intern consented to participate in an ethics-approved research methodology. They responded anonymously to a series of questions posted in an online discussion group, and provided feedback on the subsequent reports. While no consensus emerged, more than 50% of participants perceived their role as providing a supportive learning experience for interns. Benefits noted most frequently were personal academic growth and contributions to their organizations from intern research projects. Effective supports included conventional communication methods and website materials. Participants identified self-motivation, independence, and communication skills as most important for interns. They also provided several suggestions for program improvements. The study methods and results could be helpful to other university-run internship programs seeking improvement and growth. PMID:20205976

  3. Benefits of VTOL aircraft in offshore petroleum logistics support

    Wilcox, D. E.; Shovlin, M. D.


    The mission suitability and potential economic benefits of advanced VTOL aircraft were investigated for logistics support of petroleum operations in the North Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. Concepts such as the tilt rotor and lift/cruise fan are promising for future operations beyond 150 miles offshore, where their high cruise efficiency provides savings in trip time, fuel consumption, and capital investment. Depending upon mission requirements, the aircraft operating costs are reduced by as much as 20 percent to 50 percent from those of current helicopters.

  4. Mammography screening. Benefits, harms, and informed choice

    Jørgensen, Karsten Juhl


    The rationale for breast cancer screening with mammography is deceptively simple: catch it early and reduce mortality from the disease and the need for mastectomies. But breast cancer is a complex problem, and complex problems rarely have simple solutions. Breast screening brings forward the time...... the justification of breast screening is therefore not a simple question of whether screening reduces breast cancer mortality. This dissertation quantifies the primary benefits and harms of screening mammography. Denmark has an unscreened "control group" because only two geographical regions offered screening over...

  5. Developing Information Systems for Competitive Intelligence Support.

    Hohhof, Bonnie


    Discusses issues connected with developing information systems for competitive intelligence support; defines the elements of an effective competitive information system; and summarizes issues affecting system design and implementation. Highlights include intelligence information; information needs; information sources; decision making; and…

  6. Who benefits from supported employment: a meta-analytic study.

    Campbell, Kikuko


    AIMS: This meta-analysis sought to identify which subgroups of clients with severe mental illness (SMI) benefited from evidence-based supported employment. METHODS: We used meta-analysis to pool the samples from 4 randomized controlled trials comparing the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment to well-regarded vocational approaches using stepwise models and brokered services. Meta-analysis was used to determine the magnitude of effects for IPS\\/control group differences within specific client subgroups (defined by 2 work history, 7 sociodemographic, and 8 clinical variables) on 3 competitive employment outcomes (obtaining a job, total weeks worked, and job tenure). RESULTS: The findings strongly favored IPS, with large effect sizes across all outcomes: 0.96 for job acquisition, 0.79 for total weeks worked, and 0.74 for job tenure. Overall, 90 (77%) of the 117 effect sizes calculated for the 39 subgroups exceeded 0.70, and all 117 favored IPS. CONCLUSIONS: IPS produces better competitive employment outcomes for persons with SMI than alternative vocational programs regardless of background demographic, clinical, and employment characteristics.

  7. Information Systems as Support to Corporate Management

    Florida Veljanoska; Majlinda Axhiu


    The idea of this paper is to introduce the great support of information systems to the management activities of a corporation. Information system as a combination of information technology and peoples actions that support operations, management and decision making, involves four major types of systems: Transaction Management System, Management Information System, Decision-Support System and Executive Support System, and with that it is able to entail and support all business activities. In tr...


    Arthur Muradinovich Shamaev


    Full Text Available The article discusses the possibilities and the problematic issues of the information support of anti-terrorist activities. Among the main measures are called: PRsupport of speeches by leaders and officials of the state executive authorities, prosecutors, law enforcement agencies in the media; countering terrorism and extremism in the information space; press conferences, round tables and conferences on anti-terrorist and antiextremist topics; utilization of social advertising; monitoring of Internet resources to the development of the social networks of anti-terrorist direction.Terrorism can not be regarded as a problem of a single country. International and domestic experience in combating these phenomena indicates failure only of force feedback, which at any stage of the problem only to show the ability of temporal localization of specific threats and prevent individual acts of terrorism without affecting the situation as a whole.Terrorist offenses, is widespread in modern society is a complex system of balances is included in the set of complementary processes. These processes are not only, as is commonly believed, criminal and economic background, although any even minor manifestations of a terrorist nature no doubt be regarded as an attack on the security of society and the state.

  9. Benefits and problems in implementation for integrated medical information system

    Once the decision has been made to adopt an integrated medical information system (IMIS), there are a number of tissues to overcome. Users need to be aware of the impact the change will make on end users and be prepared to address issues that arise before they become problems. The purpose of this study is to investigate the benefits and unexpected problems encountered in the implementation of IMIS and to determine a useful framework for IMIS. The Yonsei University Dental Hospital is steadily constructing an IMIS. The vendor's PACS software, Piview STAR, supports transactions between workstations that are approved to integrating the health care enterprise (IHE) with security function. It is necessary to develop an excellent framework that is good for the patient, health care provider and information system vendors, in an expert, efficient, and cost-effective manner. The problems encountered with IMIS implementation were high initial investments, delay of EMR enforcement, underdevelopment of digital radiographic appliances and software and insufficient educational training for users. The clinical environments of dental IMIS is some different from the medical situation. The best way to overcome these differences is to establish a gold standard of dental IMIS integration, which estimates the cost payback. The IHE and its technical framework are good for the patient, the health care provider and all information systems vendors.

  10. 5 CFR 831.1206 - Evidence supporting entitlement to disability benefits.


    ... disability benefits. 831.1206 Section 831.1206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RETIREMENT Disability Retirement § 831.1206 Evidence supporting entitlement to disability benefits. (a) Evidence to support disability retirement application....

  11. A Cost-Benefit Model for an Enterprise Information Security

    Mr. Kiran Kumar Kommineni; Dr. Adimulam Yesu Babu,


    A Cost-Benefit model for an enterprise information security is presented in this paper. Economical analysis of information security investments that enterprises can use as guidance when applying the recommended risk mitigation plans are developed. An enterprises information security risk management associated with economical metrics. An economical analytical model is presented that enables the assessment of the necessary investment in the recommended information security. This model would be ...

  12. Evaluation of breastfeeding promotion, support, and knowledge of benefits on breastfeeding outcomes

    Kornides, Melanie; Kitsantas, Panagiota


    We examined how prenatal exposure to breastfeeding information from various media sources, maternal knowledge of benefits, family and clinician support, and peer practices influence breastfeeding outcomes in early infancy. Initiation of breastfeeding, any breastfeeding at two months, and exclusivity of breastfeeding at two months were examined in a cohort of US women using data from the Infant Feeding Practices Study II. Descriptive statistics, chi-square analyses and logistic regression were...

  13. Informed choice requires information about both benefits and harms

    Jørgensen, K J; Brodersen, J; Hartling, O J;


    women is seriously biased in favour of participation. Women are not informed about the major harms of screening, and the decision to attend has already been made for them by a public authority. This short-circuits informed decision-making and the legislation on informed consent, and violates the......A study found that women participating in mammography screening were content with the programme and the paternalistic invitations that directly encourage participation and include a pre-specified time of appointment. We argue that this merely reflects that the information presented to the invited...... screening programmes must be separated from the responsibility for the information material....

  14. Supporting information structuring in a digital library

    Buchanan, G R; Blandford, A.; Thimbleby, H.; Jones, M.


    In this paper we present Garnet, a spatial hypertext interface to a digital library. Spatial hypertext systems support information structuring - the organisation of documents performed by a user to complement their information seeking. In the past, spatial hypertext systems have suffered from poor connectivity with information sources such as digital libraries. Conversely, digital libraries have provided strong support for document retrieval whilst offering little support for information stru...

  15. Information Technologies supporting students’ mobility

    D. Morawska-Walasek


    Full Text Available Purpose: ESMOS is a project financially supported by the SOCRATES/Minerva European Commission initiative, which aims to enhance student mobility through online support. The ESMOS partnership has explored existing practice in student mobility support, particularly investigating how technology is being utilised to support students. It has also examined the factors that affect exchange students and has identified problems with meeting student mobility numbers.Design/methodology/approach: The results obtained were used for the development of a methodology for European mobility student support using a web-based approach. This methodology acknowledges different styles of teaching and learning and the difficulties experienced by international students and the academics teaching them in a cross-cultural context.Findings: Support given by the home university could refer to many aspects – from organizational matters through the didactical help, up to psychological support. The following list presents the aspects in question: psychological, organizational, administrative, methodological/didactical, conceptual, technical support.Research limitations/implications: The partners’ experiences gathered before and during the project show that the virtual environment (VLE can be widely used to support students’ mobility. Moreover a web page support which includes online registration of applicants is needed. The web page should be backed up by a database. The i-ERASMUS CMS system presented in the paper is the solution proposed by Częstochowa University of Technology (CzUT.Practical implications: i-ERASMUS has been already created and it is now being validated. First group of students applying for the Socrates exchange is registering through it. First observations seems to be optimistic.Originality/value: The i-ERASMUS CMS system is the solution developed by Częstochowa University of Technology (CzUT.

  16. Benefits planning for advanced clinical information systems implementation at Allina hospitals and clinics.

    Thompson, Douglas Ivan; Henry, Sharon; Lockwood, Linda; Anderson, Brian; Atkinson, Susan


    Allina Hospitals and Clinics is implementing an enterprise-wide information system with inpatient and ambulatory clinical documentation and orders, clinical decision support, and revenue cycle applications. Allina has adopted a rigorous approach to planning for and realizing the expected clinical and financial benefits from this investment. Allina's strategies include: Forming a benefits realization team with formal responsibility for analysis, education, facilitation, and measurement; Studying system design to consider requirements for benefits realization; Integrating cultural, organizational and process change plans with system implementation plans; Measuring benefits using a measurement framework that matches organizational reporting, enables multi-level sequential analysis and adjusts for bias in quantifying benefits; Assigning accountability for achieving benefits by matching every benefit with an individual and an operational group; system executives, hospital executives, and department managers are held accountable for benefits within their scope of responsibility, and expected financial benefits are part of their yearly budgets. This article describes Allina's approach for benefits planning, contrasting it with the typical provider's approach to benefits realization. It argues that this approach may greatly increase the likelihood of realizing the value of investments in integrated clinical and business IT PMID:15682677

  17. 78 FR 65451 - Agency Information Collection (Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Crystal Rennie... (Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire).'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  18. 78 FR 68907 - Agency Information Collection (Hand and Finger Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Hand and Finger Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under... Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Crystal Rennie... and Finger Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)''. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Hand...

  19. 78 FR 68906 - Agency Information Collection (Hip and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Hip and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Crystal Rennie... and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire''. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Hip...

  20. Information visualization to support management decisions

    Jasser Al-Kassab; Zied M. Ouertani; Giovanni Schiuma; Andy Neely


    Information visualization can accelerate perception, provide insight and control, and harness this flood of valuable data to gain a competitive advantage in making business decisions. Although such a statement seems to be obvious, there is a lack in the literature of practical evidence of the benefit of information visualization. The main contribution of this paper is to illustrate how, for a major European apparel retailer, the visualization of performance information plays a critical role i...

  1. Supporting operational design information verification

    The role of operational DIV is to confirm that the facility is operated in accordance with its declared design or operational footprint. The system described in SRDP-R279 goes part way in meeting this objective for the main plutonium path in the chemical separation area; this report seeks to address some of the remaining issues in this area of the plant by proposing a complementary system for its secondary process areas. With the exception of the re-work and sentencing tanks, most of these process areas are of only secondary interest to safeguards because their contents have low plutonium concentration. Nevertheless, simply knowing that their operation conforms to the operational footprint would represent a contribution to operational DIV. By continually examining data recorded from both the main process line and the secondary areas, the provision of assurances during plant shutdowns would also be addressed. This complementary system would be founded on the same databases and tools as in SRDP- R279. In addition it would provide the following benefits: clarification of events identified as an issue by the R279 system; verification that the input and output accountancy tanks are operated as declared; and verification that process units are shut-down, when declared to be so. As with SRDP-R279, one of the aims of this report is to give an overall picture of the kind of implementation that would be required. The purpose is to give an idea about the scale of the task that would be required to produce a realistic implementation. It is now possible to acquire vast amounts of data from modem process plants; the challenge is in drawing any conclusions from it. What is of fundamental importance is that the plant data is recorded sensibly and that appropriate data structures are in place. It will always be possible to refine the analysis tools, but not the data and their structures; one cannot go back in time. (author)

  2. 78 FR 65451 - Agency Information Collection (Neck (Cervical Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Neck (Cervical Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...- ] NEW (Neck (Cervical Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire).'' SUPPLEMENTARY...

  3. 78 FR 36304 - Proposed Information Collection (Hip and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Hip and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. During the comment period, comments may be viewed.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: ] Title: Hip and Thigh Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form...

  4. 78 FR 38098 - Proposed Information Collection (Knee and Lower Leg Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Knee and Lower Leg Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. During the comment period, comments may be viewed.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Knee and Lower Leg Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form...

  5. 78 FR 36307 - Proposed Information Collection (Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. During the comment period, comments may be viewed.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Shoulder and Arm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form...

  6. 78 FR 68909 - Agency Information Collection (Knee and Lower Leg Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Knee and Lower Leg Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire... Leg Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... Control No. 2900-NEW (Knee and Lower Leg Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)''....

  7. 78 FR 68907 - Agency Information Collection (Elbow and Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Elbow and Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire... Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... Control No. 2900-NEW (Elbow and Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)''....

  8. 78 FR 36308 - Proposed Information Collection (Elbow and Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Elbow and Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. During the comment period, comments may be viewed.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Elbow and Forearm Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form...

  9. Optimization Of Methodological Support Of Application Tax Benefits In Regions: Practice Of Perm Region

    Alexandr Ivanovich Tatarkin


    Full Text Available In the article, the problem of the methodological process support of regional tax benefits is reviewed. The method of tax benefits assessment, accepted in Perm Region, was chosen as an analysis object because the relatively long period of application of benefits has allowed to build enough statistics base. In the article, the reliability of budget, economic, investment, and social effectiveness assessments of application benefits, based on the Method, is investigated. The suggestions of its perfection are formulated

  10. Using Information Aggregation Markets for Decision Support

    Patrick Buckley


    Full Text Available Information Aggregation Markets, often referred to as prediction markets, are markets that are designed to aggregate information from a disparate pool of human individuals to make predictions about the likely outcome of future uncertain events. This paper looks at how Information Aggregation Markets can be incorporated into the standard body of decision making theory. It examines how Information Aggregation Markets can be used as decision support systems, and provides empirical evidence from a wide variety of sources as to the effectiveness and practicality of Information Aggregation Markets. Finally, this paper details some future research questions to be addressed in the area of Information Aggregation Markets.

  11. Design thinking support: information systems versus reasoning

    Pauwels, Pieter; Meyer, Ronald; Van Campenhout, Jan


    Numerous attempts have been made to conceive and implement appropriate information systems to support architectural designers in their creative design thinking processes. These information systems aim at providing support in very diverse ways: enabling designers to make diverse kinds of visual representations of a design, enabling them to make complex calculations and simulations which take into account numerous relevant parameters in the design context, providing them with loads of informati...

  12. Information Support of Processes in Warehouse Logistics

    Gordei Kirill; Borisova Vera


    In the conditions of globalization and the world economic communications, the role of information support of business processes increases in various branches and fields of activity. There is not an exception for the warehouse activity. Such information support is realized in warehouse logistic systems. In relation to territorial administratively education, the warehouse logistic system gets a format of difficult social and economic structure which controls the economic str...

  13. An Evaluation of Informal Parent Support Groups.

    Lennon, Lori; And Others

    This study examined the effects of an informal parental support network on parents' perceptions of child behavior, discipline style, and satisfaction in parenting. The parent support group consisted of 38 parents (mostly mothers) who met regularly and had an opportunity to discuss parenting concerns and compare experiences with their children;…

  14. Information systems to support Sizewell B

    This paper will describe the Information Systems used by PWR Project Group in the design, licensing and Project management of procurement, construction etc. of Sizewell B Power Station with particular emphasis on the Information Systems used to support Electrical and Control aspects of the Group's work. (author)

  15. 76 FR 56504 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim for Disability Insurance Benefits, Government Life...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Claim for Disability Insurance Benefits, Government Life... information technology. Title: Claim for Disability Insurance Benefits, Government Life Insurance, VA Form 29... Service Life Insurance and United States Government Life Insurance policies. The information collected...

  16. 78 FR 68905 - Agency Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under OMB... Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Crystal Rennie, Enterprise Records... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)''. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Wrist Conditions Disability...

  17. 78 FR 68908 - Agency Information Collection (Ankle Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Ankle Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Under OMB... Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Crystal Rennie, Enterprise Records... Disability Benefits Questionnaire)''. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Ankle Conditions Disability...

  18. Information Systems as Support to Corporate Management

    Florida Veljanoska


    Full Text Available The idea of this paper is to introduce the great support of information systems to the management activities of a corporation. Information system as a combination of information technology and people’s actions that support operations, management and decision making, involves four major types of systems: Transaction Management System, Management Information System, Decision-Support System and Executive Support System, and with that it is able to entail and support all business activities. In traditional firms these systems tend to be isolated from one another, and information does not flow seamlessly from one end of the organization to the other. However, in contemporary digital firms, the different types of systems are closely linked to one another. Taking into account the main areas of an enterprise, viewed from a functional perspective; manufacturing and production, sales and marketing, finance and accounting and human resources, one of the major challenges that enterprises face today, is putting together data from all of the departments in order to make information flow across the enterprise. These changes require powerful new systems that can integrate information from many different functional areas and organizational unites and coordinate firm activities with those of suppliers and other business partners. Those new systems or applications, also called as enterprise applications help to unify the firm’s structure and organization, provides more efficient operations and customer-driven business processes, help in achieving great efficiencies by automating parts of processes, contribute to completely rethinking processes, assist in all levels of management and in the perspective of technology, the corporation is represented as a unified platform. Although there are several challenges to build these systems, we strongly believe that there are extraordinary opportunities to use information systems to achieve business value and increase

  19. Information theory models for clinical decision support

    Vajda, Igor

    Praha : Ústav informatiky AV ČR, v.v.i, 2009 - (Z. Valenta). s. 117-117 [Výroční konference Mezinárodní společnosti pro klinickou biostatistiku /30./. 23.08.2009-27.08.2009, Praha] R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M06014; GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0572 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : Information * decision error * decision risk * ROC curve * information bounds Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information theory models for clinical decision support.doc

  20. 78 FR 34708 - Proposed Information Collection (Ankle Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Ankle Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity... Control No. 2900--NEW (Ankle Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any correspondence. During... Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-2. OMB Control Number: 2900--NEW...

  1. A Framework for Contextualized Visualization supporting Informal Learning

    Eicke Godehardt


    Full Text Available The problem of the information society today is that knowledge workers are overwhelmed by the amount of information they get. This creates the need of a filter: the possibility to find relevant information in an easy and systematic way. In fact, working at a knowledge intensive workplace and retrieving information is a kind of learning – informal learning – which takes place at daily work. This type of learning includes reading documents and digital snippets, asking questions and searching for the help of other colleagues. This paper investigates how people at knowledge intensive workplaces can be supported through a graphical integration of existing information in a contextualized way to fulfill their given work task. We present research on software that visualizes the information of knowledge workers, tasks, digital resources, people and the relations between them. In addition state context information is taken to enrich the output to provide an intuitive and appropriate tool for knowledge workers. We will show all the necessary steps to offer these contextualized information in a supporting visualization. To verify the usefulness of our approach, we did a quantitative and qualitative user study to see if contextualized information visualization is helpful to knowledge workers for a specific scenario. Therefore we analyzed how beginners or new employees may benefit from such a tool. The results clearly show the advantages of our solution. Contextualized visualization substantially boosts efficiency and effectiveness of knowledge workers, because of time savings and avoidance of failures.

  2. Hanford sitewide grounwater remediation - supporting technical information

    The Hanford Sitewide Groundwater Remediation Strategy was issued in 1995 to establish overall goals for groundwater remediation on the Hanford Site. This strategy is being refined to provide more detailed justification for remediation of specific plumes and to provide a decision process for long-range planning of remediation activities. Supporting this work is a comprehensive modeling study to predict movement of the major site plumes over the next 200 years to help plan the remediation efforts. The information resulting from these studies will be documented in a revision to the Strategy and the Hanford Site Groundwater Protection Management Plan. To support the modeling work and other studies being performed to refine the strategy, this supporting technical information report has been produced to compile all of the relevant technical information collected to date on the Hanford Site groundwater contaminant plumes. The primary information in the report relates to conceptualization of the source terms and available history of groundwater transport, and description of the contaminant plumes. The primary information in the report relates to conceptualization of the source terms and available history of groundwater transport, description of the contaminant plumes, rate of movement based on the conceptual model and monitoring data, risk assessment, treatability study information, and current approach for plume remediation

  3. Disability Benefits: A Substitute for Income Support for Single Mothers with No Qualifications in the UK

    Soobedar, Zeenat


    This paper examines the impact of the age-eligibility rule establishing automatic withdrawal of Income Support for single mothers whose youngest child turns 16 on the disability benefits welfare participation decision of single mothers with no qualifications in the UK. Using the age discontinuity in Income Support program assignment, the study reveals that these single mothers are 4.2 percentage points more likely to claim health benefits as their youngest child turns 16, consistent with a th...

  4. 20 CFR 422.122 - Information on deferred vested pension benefits.


    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information on deferred vested pension... PROCEDURES General Procedures § 422.122 Information on deferred vested pension benefits. (a) Claimants for... electronic pension benefit record. This record contains information received from IRS on individuals for...

  5. 76 FR 15054 - Proposed Information Collection (Supporting Statement Regarding Marriage); Comment Request


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Supporting Statement Regarding Marriage); Comment Request AGENCY... information needed to determine eligibility for benefits based on a common law marriage. DATES: Written...: Supporting Statement Regarding Marriage, VA Form 21-4171. OMB Control Number: 2900-0115. Type of...

  6. Information validation tool for technical support centres

    The French National Emergency Organisation relies on the expert advice given by the different Technical Support Centres (EDF/SEPTEN, CEA/IPSN, Framatome). For several years a great effort has been made to improve tools. The first generation was mainly concerned with computational aids such as real-time plant data acquisition and visualisation, break size calculations, containment release estimations... These tools were presented at the OECD NEA Specialist Meeting in 1993. Currently work is performed in the field of validation of information available to the Technical Support Centres. The three partners (EDF, CEA and Framatome) have developed a prototype implementing the diagnosis and the quality of the information pertaining to the 3D/3P method. The philosophy of this tool is to present to the expert a set of essential information (e.g. state of the fuel barrier, primary water inventory...) for the diagnosis with a confidence level associated to each information and the adequate explications. In fact the expert has not only to know the diagnosis but also how reliable the information is and why. Subsequently, the algorithms used to elaborate the diagnoses and the confidence factor have to be simple enough so that the user is able to consult the explanations in a fast and easy way. The paper details the three-step process to elaborate the diagnosis and the confidence factor

  7. Ontology Supported Information Systems: A Review

    Padmavathi, T.


    Full Text Available The exponential growth of information on the web far exceeds the capacity of present day information retrieval systems and search engines, making information integration on the web difficult. In order to overcome this, semantic web technologies were proposed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C to achieve a higher degree of automation and precision in information retrieval systems. Semantic web, with its promise to deliver machine understanding to the traditional web, has attracted a significant amount of research from academia as well as from industries. Semantic web is an extension of the current web in which data can be shared and reused across the internet. RDF and ontology are two essential components of the semantic web architecture which support a common framework for data storage and representation of data semantics, respectively. Ontologies being the backbone of semantic web applications, it is more relevant to study various approaches in their application, usage, and integration into web services. In this article, an effort has been made to review the research work being undertaken in the area of design and development of ontology supported information systems. This paper also briefly explains the emerging semantic web technologies and standards.

  8. The Relative Contribution of Formal and Informal Organizational Work-Family Support

    Behson, Scott J.


    Recent work-family research has proposed that informal means of organizational work-family support (e.g., managerial support) are more useful than formal means of organizational work-family support (e.g., work-family benefit availability) in explaining variance in employee affective, intentional, and behavioral outcomes. However, the relative…

  9. Information support for road infrastructure and maintenance

    Ojsteršek, Aleš


    The final thesis deals with the usage of information support models in the process of construction and maintenance of the publicly owned roads. The first part of the thesis is dedicated to the management of the road infrastructure; special attention is paid to the process of construction, renewal, and maintenance of roads, as well as to the pertaining legislation. In the following chapters the current progress in construction, renewal and maintenance of roads, as well as the process of monito...

  10. The benefits of using genetic information to design prevention trials.

    Hu, Youna; Li, Li; Ehm, Margaret G; Bing, Nan; Song, Kijoung; Nelson, Matthew R; Talmud, Philippa J; Hingorani, Aroon D; Kumari, Meena; Kivimäki, Mika; Xu, Chun-Fang; Waterworth, Dawn M; Whittaker, John C; Abecasis, Gonçalo R; Spino, Cathie; Kang, Hyun Min


    Clinical trials for preventative therapies are complex and costly endeavors focused on individuals likely to develop disease in a short time frame, randomizing them to treatment groups, and following them over time. In such trials, statistical power is governed by the rate of disease events in each group and cost is determined by randomization, treatment, and follow-up. Strategies that increase the rate of disease events by enrolling individuals with high risk of disease can significantly reduce study size, duration, and cost. Comprehensive study of common, complex diseases has resulted in a growing list of robustly associated genetic markers. Here, we evaluate the utility--in terms of trial size, duration, and cost--of enriching prevention trial samples by combining clinical information with genetic risk scores to identify individuals at greater risk of disease. We also describe a framework for utilizing genetic risk scores in these trials and evaluating the associated cost and time savings. With type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes (T2D), myocardial infarction (MI), and advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) as examples, we illustrate the potential and limitations of using genetic data for prevention trial design. We illustrate settings where incorporating genetic information could reduce trial cost or duration considerably, as well as settings where potential savings are negligible. Results are strongly dependent on the genetic architecture of the disease, but we also show that these benefits should increase as the list of robustly associated markers for each disease grows and as large samples of genotyped individuals become available. PMID:23541341

  11. Urbanized Information Systems Nets Benefits: An Empirical Evidence

    Leila Trabelsi


    Full Text Available New methods thinking about the enterprise architectures are developing, The Urbanization of the IS in particularis proposed as French framework of EA being appropriate to evolve the IS and proposed outcomes of firms.Where IS became one of the main assets of modern corporations. And it faces many problems Among the mostimportant are low productivity and a large number of failures like obsolescence, heavier, slower and complexityof applications integration. The problem of low productivity of IS was the product of the software crisis, asindicated by the delayed development and implementation of ISs and accumulation which leads to maintenanceproblems. To do this, urbanization is a framework that aims to simplify the IS, to improve communicationbetween its components and to ensure its evolution. In an exploratory approach, this research examines theimpacts of urbanization in private sector studying it to ascertain agility and its nets benefits. This was done inorder to ascertain the evolution of IS and guarantee the agility facing the environment turbulence. The generalassertion is that the Urbanized Information Systems (UIS changes a firm vision because its procure agility toface environment turbulence. The originality of this paper is to explore IS urbanization considered as a Frenchframework of Enterprise Architecture (EA. This research therefore contributes to the body of knowledge by anempirical study and validation of the urbanization success assessments.

  12. Employer-supported volunteering benefits: gift exchange among employers, employees, and volunteer organizations

    Booth, Jonathan E.; Park, Kyoung Won; Theresa M. Glomb


    Using gift exchange theory to explain the growing trend of employers offering employer-supported volunteering (ESV) benefits, this article discusses the creation of exchange relationships between the employer and employee and between the volunteer organization and employee. Hypotheses derived from the employee's perspective are tested with a nationally representative sample of volunteers (n=3,658). Findings suggest that ESV benefits are positively related to hours volunteered by the employee....

  13. Alternative tax-benefit strategies to support children in the European Union

    Levy, Horacio; Lietz, Christine; Sutherland, Holly


    We compare three EU countries that have recently experienced substantial but very different reforms of their systems to support families with children: Austria, Spain and the United Kingdom. The structure of these systems is different: Austria gives emphasis to universal benefits, Spain to tax concessions and the United Kingdom to means-tested benefits. As a first step the paper compares the distributional implications of these three approaches. The recent reforms have reinforced these existi...

  14. Information Management and Collaboration Support within SARNET

    The success of the Sarnet project depends to a high degree on the collaboration of the 52 partner organizations, with over 200 participants. As the organizations are spread throughout Europe, an efficient way had to be provided to enable information to be shared between all participants, and to support communication between them. For these tasks, a so-called 'Advanced Communication Tool (ACT)' had to be developed. The design of the technological basis for information management and collaboration started from a survey of existing solutions. Today, portal solutions are available for this purpose. In general, they combine document management facilities with collaboration features. The survey indicated that at this moment in time, a solution based on a commercial software was best suited for the purposes of Sarnet. The features of this solution, particularly with respect to document management and collaboration, will be described in more detail. In a next step, the ACT was customized to fulfil the needs information management needs in the project. A natural way of considering the ACT consisted in structuring the project in topics and work packages as stated in the Description of Work document. This led to a design on two levels: a first level covers general information on the project and important topics. This level is managed by the project leader and by topical coordinators. On a second level, team sites are established for cooperation between partners in work packages. This level contains collaboration feature, and is managed by the work package leaders. Access to the team sites may be restricted to account for possible restrictions on the information handled in the work package. This basic two-level structure is supported by navigation and user help features. A survey on the usability of the ACT was conducted; the results of the survey will be discussed. (author)

  15. Supporting Project Work with Information Technology

    Heilesen, Simon


    Like so many other institutions, Roskilde University has had to adapt to the new realities brought about by the rapid developments in information and communication technology (ICT). On the whole, ICT tools have proven to be helpful in supporting and developing the work forms on which Roskilde...... University problem-oriented project work is based. However, in implementing and integrating the new technologies in academic practices, a number of challenges have had to be addressed. This chapter discusses four of these challenges. The first is to provide a physical and virtual framework for learning...

  16. Integrated plant information technology design support functionality

    This technical report was written as a result of Integrated Plant Information System (IPIS) feasibility study on CANDU 9 project which had been carried out from January, 1994 to March, 1994 at AECL (Atomic Energy Canada Limited) in Canada. From 1987, AECL had done endeavour to change engineering work process from paper based work process to computer based work process through CANDU 3 project. Even though AECL had a lot of good results form computerizing the Process Engineering, Instrumentation Control and Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Aided Design and Drafting, and Document Management System, but there remains the problem of information isolation and integration. On this feasibility study, IPIS design support functionality guideline was suggested by evaluating current AECL CAE tools, analyzing computer aided engineering task and work flow, investigating request for implementing integrated computer aided engineering and describing Korean request for future CANDU design including CANDU 9. 6 figs. (Author)


    Nemanja Todorović


    Full Text Available The paper examines the concept ofinformation support to cost management, as well asthe principle of decision-making on the ground ofthe facts based on analysis of data and informationcontained in financial reports. The starting point isthat the facts are not known until the data andinformation are systematized and explained.Analyzing relevant data leads to the facts uponwhich decisions are made in order to reduce therisk of decision-making based solely on opinion(position of the management.It also points out the importance and access tofinancial information, which is fundamental tomaking good and sustainable business andfinancial decisions, in terms of achieving targetedobjectives.Finally, the paper gives a comment of thebusiness as the relevant information document forthe company management.

  18. Mortality Benefits of Antibiotic Computerised Decision Support System: Modifying Effects of Age

    Chow, Angela L. P.; Lye, David C.; Arah, Onyebuchi A.


    Antibiotic computerised decision support systems (CDSSs) are shown to improve antibiotic prescribing, but evidence of beneficial patient outcomes is limited. We conducted a prospective cohort study in a 1500-bed tertiary-care hospital in Singapore, to evaluate the effectiveness of the hospital’s antibiotic CDSS on patients’ clinical outcomes, and the modification of these effects by patient factors. To account for clustering, we used multilevel logistic regression models. One-quarter of 1886 eligible inpatients received CDSS-recommended antibiotics. Receipt of antibiotics according to CDSS’s recommendations seemed to halve mortality risk of patients (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.26-1.10, P = 0.09). Patients aged ≤65 years had greater mortality benefit (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.20-1.00, P = 0.05) than patients that were older than 65 (OR 1.28, 95% CI 0.91-1.82, P = 0.16). No effect was observed on incidence of Clostridium difficile (OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.34-3.01), and multidrug-resistant organism (OR 1.06, 95% CI 0.42-2.71) infections. No increase in infection-related readmission (OR 1.16, 95% CI 0.48-2.79) was found in survivors. Receipt of CDSS-recommended antibiotics reduced mortality risk in patients aged 65 years or younger and did not increase the risk in older patients. Physicians should be informed of the benefits to increase their acceptance of CDSS recommendations.

  19. Information Support of Processes in Warehouse Logistics

    Gordei Kirill


    Full Text Available In the conditions of globalization and the world economic communications, the role of information support of business processes increases in various branches and fields of activity. There is not an exception for the warehouse activity. Such information support is realized in warehouse logistic systems. In relation to territorial administratively education, the warehouse logistic system gets a format of difficult social and economic structure which controls the economic streams covering the intermediary, trade and transport organizations and the enterprises of other branches and spheres. Spatial movement of inventory items makes new demands to participants of merchandising. Warehousing (in the meaning – storage – is one of the operations entering into logistic activity, on the organization of a material stream, as a requirement. Therefore, warehousing as "management of spatial movement of stocks" – is justified. Warehousing, in such understanding, tries to get rid of the perception as to containing stocks – a business expensive. This aspiration finds reflection in the logistic systems working by the principle: "just in time", "economical production" and others. Therefore, the role of warehouses as places of storage is transformed to understanding of warehousing as an innovative logistic system.

  20. Composite decision support by combining cost-benefit and multi-criteria decision

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn; Salling, Kim Bang; Leleur, Steen


    This paper concerns composite decision support based on combining cost-benefit analysis (CBA) with multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) for the assessment of economic as well as strategic impacts within transport projects. Specifically a composite model for assessment (COSIMA) is presented as a...

  1. The business case: The missing link between information technology benefits and organisational strategies

    Carl Marnewick


    Full Text Available Purpose: Business cases are an integral part of information technology (IT projects, providingthe linkage between the organisational strategies and the promised benefits. Most majorproject management standards and methodologies make reference to the business case andits intended usage.Problem investigated: The success of IT projects is measured based on the benefits they deliver; anecdotal evidence states that IT projects fail at an alarming rate. The benefits are promised in the business case and should be delivered. This study focuses on whether there is a gap between theory and practice with regard to the way that organisations use the business case to approve, manage and track the promised benefits throughout an IT project.Methodology: This article reports on exploratory research that was initiated to establish the current practice of business case application. Four research questions were developed based on an extensive literature review to support or debunk the anecdotal evidence. Semi-structured interviews were used to gather evidence from organisations based on these research questions.Findings: The results suggest that organisations make use of business cases for various reasons and mostly in line with theory. There are, however, aspects that need to be addressed, such as the linkage between the business case and the harvesting of promised benefits.Value of research: This article confirms the theoretical aspects of the business case but highlights some deviations from practice. Organisations need to be more vigilant in the management of the business case to ensure the tracking and realisation of promised benefits

  2. Analysing B2B electronic procurement benefitsInformation systems perspective

    Piotrowicz, Wojciech; Irani, Zahir


    Purpose – This paper aims to present electronic procurement benefits identified in four case companies from the information technology (IT), hi-tech sector. Design/methodology/approach – Multi-case study design was applied. The benefits reported in the companies were analysed and classified according to taxonomies from the information systems discipline. Finally, a new benefits classification was proposed. The framework was developed based on information systems literature. Findings –...

  3. Accounting-information support investment in object of tourism industry

    Ya.D. Krupka


    Full Text Available The article reveals the peculiarities of investments in tourism, their financial support through various sources. Given the branching system of travel, and additional related services offered by the author, each of the objects viewed as an investment project which, in turn, provides investment and obtaining from them certain benefits. In the article the system of investment projects, including the relationship of forms of investment (own cash and property investments of investors, credit and other borrowed resources, funds from sponsors and donations and the effects of investment (profit from operations, related income, social benefits for citizens and other benefits for society. Given the fact that every project goes through several stages since its launch and completion stages of submitted investment projects include the following phases: pre, investment process and control the results and return on capital investment projects under operation. The scheme of the project life cycle, which provided a way out of the project, corresponding interpretation investing activities international and national accounting standards and financial reporting. In this paper, special attention is paid to the rehabilitation of tourist visits, keeping investments in them, as well as an attempt to give an objective assessment of the effectiveness of such investments on the basis of accounting information.

  4. Cross-modal transfer of statistical information benefits from sleep.

    Durrant, Simon J; Cairney, Scott A; Lewis, Penelope A


    Extracting regularities from a sequence of events is essential for understanding our environment. However, there is no consensus regarding the extent to which such regularities can be generalised beyond the modality of learning. One reason for this could be the variation in consolidation intervals used in different paradigms, also including an opportunity to sleep. Using a novel statistical learning paradigm in which structured information is acquired in the auditory domain and tested in the visual domain over either 30 min or 24 h consolidation intervals, we show that cross-modal transfer can occur, but this transfer is only seen in the 24 h group. Importantly, the extent of cross-modal transfer is predicted by the amount of slow wave sleep (SWS) obtained. Additionally, cross-modal transfer is associated with the same pattern of decreasing medial temporal lobe and increasing striatal involvement which has previously been observed to occur across 24 h in unimodal statistical learning. We also observed enhanced functional connectivity after 24 h in a network of areas which have been implicated in cross-modal integration including the precuneus and the middle occipital gyrus. Finally, functional connectivity between the striatum and the precuneus was also enhanced, and this strengthening was predicted by SWS. These results demonstrate that statistical learning can generalise to some extent beyond the modality of acquisition, and together with our previously published unimodal results, support the notion that statistical learning is both domain-general and domain-specific. PMID:27017231

  5. Cost-Benefit Analysis of Electronic Information: A Case Study.

    White, Gary W.; Crawford, Gregory A.


    Describes a study at Pennsylvania State University Harrisburg in which cost-benefit analysis (CBA) was used to examine the cost effectiveness of an electronic database. Concludes that librarians can use the results of CBA studies to justify budgets and acquisitions and to provide insight into the true costs of providing library services. (PEN)

  6. 78 FR 36307 - Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity... . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any... Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-16. OMB Control Number: 2900-NEW...

  7. 78 FR 35098 - Proposed Information Collection (Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity... . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-NEW (Hand or Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any.... Title: Hand and Finger Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-7. OMB Control Number:...

  8. 78 FR 36643 - Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity... . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900--NEW (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire)'' in any... Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-16. OMB Control Number: 2900-NEW...


    Michal Laclavík; Štefan Dlugolinský; Martin Šeleng; Marcel Kvassay; Emil Gatial; Zoltán Balogh; Ladislav Hluchý


    In spite of rapid advances in multimedia and interactive technologies, enterprise users prefer to battle with email spam and overload rather than lose the benefits of communicating, collaborating and solving business tasks over email. Many aspects of email have significantly improved over time, but its overall integration with the enterprise environment remained practically the same. In this paper we describe and evaluate a light-weight approach to enterprise email communication analysis and ...

  10. The development of the risk-based cost-benefit analysis framework for risk-informed regulation

    US NRC (Nuclear Regulatory Committee) introduces the Risk-informed Regulation (RIR) to allocate the resources of NRC effectively and to reduce the unnecessary burden of utilities. This approach inherently includes the cost-benefit analysis (CBA) concept. The CBA method has been widely used for many problems in order to support the decision making by analyzing the effectiveness of the proposed plan and/or activity in the aspect of cost and benefit. However, in general, the conventional CBA method does not use the information such as risk that is the essential element of RIR. So, we developed a revised CBA framework that incorporates the risk information in analyzing the cost and benefit of the regulatory and/or operational activities in nuclear industry

  11. 76 FR 67560 - Proposed Information Collection (Request for Vocational Training Benefits-Certain Children of...


    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Request for Vocational Training Benefits--Certain Children of... veterans born with birth defects eligibility for vocational training benefits. DATES: Written comments and... techniques or the use of other forms of information technology. Title: Request for Vocational...


    Stofor Ovidiu-Ilie


    Full Text Available Insurance system in Romania is carried out with a constant natural activity, evolving quite honorably these times. This is largely due to the difficulty with which insurance is sold in normal economic conditions when it comes to prosperity. Although psychologists, led by Maslow believes that the protection needs are basic needs, along with the physiological one, on the priority list regarding procurement, insurance needs are for some Romanians, of minimum or no importance, so that they are either pushed to the bottom of the list, or even, as it most often happens, they are non existent. Current economic conditions and climate, urges caution on most fields, especially in terms of individual properties, including, how somewhat forced, life and physical integrity which are still considered property, if this aspect is not debated in terms of Christian or other religious dogma. In other words, many Romanians see insurance as a product that “is not up their alley” including it in the luxury category. Furthermore, the media shows, sometimes amplify certain cases of doubt in relations between insurance company - customer. Appropriate marketing, allied with the information technology can improve the complete relationship between the two entities - the offeror and the consumer. Through this study we aim to identify important issues that facilitate the sale of insurance, using information technology, given that the sales of these financial products through the "ancestral" methods are effective but not very efficient. We will follow, byanchoring to the current reality, the insurance utility and how to use information technologies in support of marketing (sales. The study itself was done by observing the results in practical work, from an insurance agency, but also related to what the literature offers. Because this study is currently underway, there are certainly some limitations of accuracy of results, which are adjusted "on the fly". Realizing

  13. Benefit and challenges of collaberative research: lessons from supportive and palliative care.

    Payne, S. Seymour, J. Molassiotis, A. Froggatt, K. Grande, G. Lloyd-Williams, M. Foster, C. Wilson, R. Rolls, L. Todd, C. Addington-Hall, J.


    Objective To describe the processes of establishing and running the Cancer Experiences Collaborative (CECo), and reflect upon the benefits and challenges of undertaking collaborative research in supportive and palliative care. Design A descriptive analysis of a 5-year research collaborative initiated in 2006. Setting Research groups at the Universities of Lancaster, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham and Southampton, England. Participants 26 UK organisations including the four largest hospices...

  14. Understanding the Relationships among Destination Social Responsibility, Resident Benefits, Trust and Support for Tourism Development

    Beiling Ma; Lujun Su; Yajun Ding; Xiaoqing Hu


    Based on the stakeholder theory, the cognitive-emotional-behavioral theory and the social exchange theory, this study constructs an effect mechanism model of destination social responsibility on resident support for tourism development which takes resident benefits and trust as mediators. Through surveying the residents of the ancient Fenghuang City of Hunan, a famous ancient destination in China, to get the basic data, the Structural Equation Model (SEM) method is adopted to conduct an empir...

  15. Maximising multiple benefits from sustainable drainage systems: identification and decision support

    Wade, Rebecca; Lundy, Lian; Berwick, Neil; Fordyce, Fiona; Jeffries, Chris; Garcia, Eduardo


    This paper describes efforts in Scotland UK to assess urban diffuse pollution sources, pathways and sinks; to establish mitigation measures, which can address waterborne urban pollution and also provide multiple benefits. The paper will describe the results from an extensive review exercise, which culminated in the development of a new decision support tool. The tool is intended to help urban planners and water managers tackle urban diffuse pollution with mitigation measures, which could prov...

  16. Supporting ALARP decision-making by cost benefit analysis and multi-attribute utility theory

    Current regulation in the UK and elsewhere specify upper and target risk limits for the operation of nuclear plant in terms of frequencies of various kinds of accidents and accidental releases per annum. 'As low as reasonably practicable' (ALARP) arguments are used to justify the acceptance or rejection of policies that lead to risk changes between these limits. We assess the suitability of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and multi-attribute utility theory (MAUT) for performing ALARP ('as low as reasonably possible') assessments, in particular within the nuclear industry. Four problems stand out in current CBA applications to ALARP, concerning the determination of prices of safety gains or detriments, the valuation of group and individual risk, calculations using 'disproportionality', and the use of discounting to trade off risks through time. This last point has received less attention in the past but is important because of the growing interest in risk-informed regulation in which policies extend over several timeframes and distribute the risk unevenly over these, or in policies that lead to a non-uniform risk within a single timeframe (such as maintenance policies). We discuss the problems associated with giving quantitative support to such decisions. We argue that multi-attribute utility methods (MAUT) provide an alternative methodology to CBA which enable the four problems described above to be addressed in a more satisfactory way. Through sensitivity analysis MAUT can address the perceptions of all stakeholder groups, facilitating constructive discussion and elucidating the key points of disagreement. We also argue that by being explicitly subjective it provides an open, auditable and clear analysis in contrast to the illusory objectivity of CBA. CBA seeks to justify a decision by using a common basis for weights (prices), while MAUT recognizes that different parties may want to give different valuations. It then allows the analyst to explore the ways in which

  17. Security information and event management systems: benefits and inefficiencies

    Κάτσαρης, Δημήτριος Σ.


    In this Master’s thesis, the new trend in computer and information security industry called Security Information and Event Management systems will be covered. The evolution, advantages and weaknesses of these systems will be described, as well as a home-based implementation with open source tools will be proposed and implemented.

  18. Benefits of recruiting participants with friends and increasing social support for weight loss and maintenance.

    Wing, R R; Jeffery, R W


    To determine the benefits of social support for weight loss and maintenance, this study recruited participants (N = 166) either alone or with 3 friends or family members and then randomly assigned them to a standard behavioral treatment (SBT) or SBT with social support strategies. Participants recruited with friends had greater weight losses at the end of the 4-month treatment and at Month 10 follow-up. Both recruitment strategy and the social support manipulation affected treatment completion and weight-loss maintenance. In those recruited alone and given SBT, 76% completed treatment and 24% maintained their weight loss in full from Months 4 to 10. Among those recruited with friends and given SBT plus social support, 95% completed treatment and 66% maintained their weight loss in full. PMID:10028217

  19. Investigating the Strategic Relationship between Information Quality and E-Government Benefits: A Literature Review

    Alenezi, H; Tarhini, A; Masa'deh, R


    This paper presents a review of the literature on information quality and the benefits and outcomes of e-Government. According to Ge and Helfert (2007), research on information quality is related to three aspects, such as: information quality management, information quality assessment, and the quality of the contextual information. Literature suggests that there are two primary contributors to high information quality: information systems themselves and organisational factors. This paper pres...

  20. Information Technology Support in the 8000 Directorate


    My summer internship was spent supporting various projects within the Environmental Management Office and Glenn Safety Office. Mentored by Eli Abumeri, I was trained in areas of Information Technology such as: Servers, printers, scanners, CAD systems, Web, Programming, and Database Management, ODIN (networking, computers, and phones). I worked closely with the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team (CSAT) to redesign a database to more efficiently manage and maintain data collected for the Drinking Water Program. This Program has been established for over fifteen years here at the Glenn Research Center. It involves the continued testing and retesting of all drinking water dispensers. The quality of the drinking water is of great importance and is determined by comparing the concentration of contaminants in the water with specifications set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) and its 1986 and 1991 amendments. The Drinking Water Program consists of periodic testing of all drinking water fountains and sinks. Each is tested at least once every 2 years for contaminants and naturally occurring species. The EPA's protocol is to collect an initial and a 5 minute draw from each dispenser. The 5 minute draw is what is used for the maximum contaminant level. However, the CS&AT has added a 30 second draw since most individuals do not run the water 5 minutes prior to drinking. This data is then entered into a relational Microsoft Access database. The database allows for the quick retrieval of any test@) done on any dispenser. The data can be queried by building number, date or test type, and test results are documented in an analytical report for employees to read. To aid with the tracking of recycled materials within the lab, my help was enlisted to create a database that could make this process less cumbersome and more efficient. The date of pickup, type of material, weight received, and unit cost per recyclable. This

  1. Facilitating independence: The benefits of a post-diagnostic support project for people with dementia.

    Kelly, Fiona; Innes, Anthea


    Providing support in the form of information, advice and access to services or social events is promoted as beneficial for people newly diagnosed with dementia and their families. This paper reports on key findings from an evaluation of a post-diagnostic support pilot project in Scotland addressing local service gaps, namely information provision, emotional and practical support and maintaining community links. Twenty-seven participants (14 people newly diagnosed with dementia and 13 family carers) were interviewed at two time points: T1 shortly after joining the pilot project and T2 approximately six months later, to ascertain their views on existing services and the support offered by the pilot project. A comparative thematic analysis revealed that the project facilitated increased independence (associated with increased motivation and self-confidence) of people with dementia. The project illustrates what can be achieved if resources are targeted at providing individualised post-diagnostic support, particularly where there are service delivery gaps. PMID:24535818

  2. The mechanical benefit of medial support screws in locking plating of proximal humerus fractures.

    Wen Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical advantages of medial support screws (MSSs in the locking proximal humeral plate for treating proximal humerus fractures. METHODS: Thirty synthetic left humeri were randomly divided into 3 subgroups to establish two-part surgical neck fracture models of proximal humerus. All fractures were fixed with a locking proximal humerus plate. Group A was fixed with medial cortical support and no MSSs; Group B was fixed with 3 MSSs but without medial cortical support; Group C was fixed with neither medial cortical support nor MSSs. Axial compression, torsional stiffness, shear stiffness, and failure tests were performed. RESULTS: Constructs with medial support from cortical bone showed statistically higher axial and shear stiffness than other subgroups examined (P<0.0001. When the proximal humerus was not supported by medial cortical bone, locking plating with medial support screws exhibited higher axial and torsional stiffness than locking plating without medial support screws (P ≤ 0.0207. Specimens with medial cortical bone failed primarily by fracture of the humeral shaft or humeral head. Specimens without medial cortical bone support failed primarily by significant plate bending at the fracture site followed by humeral head collapse or humeral head fracture. CONCLUSIONS: Anatomic reduction with medial cortical support was the stiffest construct after a simulated two-part fracture. Significant biomechanical benefits of MSSs in locking plating of proximal humerus fractures were identified. The reconstruction of the medial column support for proximal humerus fractures helps to enhance mechanical stability of the humeral head and prevent implant failure.


    Netreba, I.


    The article considers the characteristics of information technology innovation enterprises, the factors that affect the implementation and use of information technology to support innovation and the main advantage of the information system of innovative processes in the enterprise.


    Tyumerova I. B.


    The article defines the functions and information management tools of entrepreneurship in the agrarian sphere, the impact of the algorithm information support for business development in the agrarian sector, identified ways of improving information systems

  5. Child Benefit Support and Method of Payment: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Belgium

    Marieke Huysentruyt; Eva Lefevere


    We present evidence from a randomized Öeld experiment explictly designed to shed light on the role of standard information, goal framed information, and decision task complexity in individualsí choice of payment method. The experiment encouraged 19,707 Clients of the Belgian National O¢ ce for Family BeneÖts to change from benefit payment by check to payment via direct transfer via a one-time mailing. The direct mailings multiplied the switching rate of these treated individuals (relative to ...

  6. Information Work Support Based on Activity Data

    Schmidt, Benedikt


    In industrial and post industrial nations like Germany and the USA more than a quarter of the workforce mainly works with information. Most of the work done by these information workers is the production, supervision and dissemination of information at computer workplaces. Information workers frequently works on multiple tasks in parallel. Few guidelines regulate and structure the work process. Therefore, the successful execution of the work requires a high degree of individual planning. ...

  7. Labor market effects of introducing unemployment benefits in an economy with high informality

    Bosch, Mariano; Julen ESTEBAN-PRETEL


    Unemployment benefit systems are nonexistent in many developing economies. Introducing such systems poses many challenges, which are partly due to the high level of informality in the labor markets of these economies. This paper studies the consequences on the labor market of implementing an unemployment benefit system in economies with large informal sectors and high flows of workers between formality and informality. We build a search and matching model with endogenous destruction, on-the-j...

  8. The Labor Market Effects of Introducing Unemployment Benefits in an Economy with High Informality

    Mariano Bosch; Julen Esteban-Pretel


    Unemployment benefit systems are non-existent in many developing economies. Introducing such programs in these economies poses many challenges, which is partly due to the high level of informality in their labor markets. In this paper we study the consequences on the labor market of implementing an unemployment benefit system in economies with large informal sectors and high flows of workers between formality and informality. We build a search and matching model with endogenous destruction, o...

  9. The Nature of Unintended Benefits in Health Information Systems

    Kuziemsky, Craig E.; Borycki, Elizabeth; Nøhr, Christian;


    Health information systems (HISs) have been shown to introduce unintended consequences post implementation. Much of the current research on these consequences has focused on the negative aspects of them. However unintended consequences of HIS usage can also be beneficial to various aspects of...

  10. Informal Online Decision Making: Current Practices and Support System Design

    André, Paul; Drucker, Steven; schraefel, m.c.


    Existing group decision support systems are too complex to support lightweight, informal decision making made popular by the amount of information available on the Web. From an examination of related work, an online survey and a formative study to examine how people currently use the Web for decision support, we present a set of design recommendations towards the development of an informal Web decision support tool.

  11. On the Benefit of Information Centric Networks for Traffic Engineering

    Su, Kai; Westphal, Cedric


    Current Internet performs traffic engineering (TE) by estimating traffic matrices on a regular schedule, and allocating flows based upon weights computed from these matrices. This means the allocation is based upon a guess of the traffic in the network based on its history. Information-Centric Networks on the other hand provide a finer-grained description of the traffic: a content between a client and a server is uniquely identified by its name, and the network can therefore learn the size of...

  12. Supporting information visualization through topic maps

    Marcos, Adérito; Oliveira, Alexandre Rocha; Malgueiro, Octávio; Grave, Luís


    We are living a phenomenon of accelerated information production with different accessing sources. Hence users are faced with a growing problem: accessing (navigation) and filtering specific information contained in large datasets, which are increasing in size. Procedures such as data filtering and gathering are now simplified through a new concept known as Topic Maps. The application of Virtual Reality technologies enables to present and interact with multidimensional information...

  13. Information systems support for OR product standardization.

    Faetanini, C


    A critical reason why many healthcare institutions cannot effectively standardize OR products is that they cannot access necessary information. An OR information system that manages, tracks and generates documentation on OR inventory is an important answer to implementing change. At least four key areas any information system should address in order to make standardization a reality are 1) clinical preference, 2) supplying a changing case mix, 3) product usage data and 4) vendor performance. OR information systems operate on various hardware platforms. Users have more software choices than ever before, because connectivity issues have been effectively solved through the development of standard electronic transaction sets. PMID:10131895

  14. Information support of social protection system

    Kuznetsova, Elena


    The article is about the features and problems of informational ensuring of the social protection system in Russia. The author analyzes the current practice of informational ensuring system of social protection, pointing out the flaws. The author proposes possible variants solutions to problems.

  15. Supporting Lifelong Learning in the Information Age

    Zhou, Wei; Yasuda, Takami; Yokoi, Shigeki


    Many countries are considering lifelong learning, which is becoming an important education goal, and promoting lifelong learning in the information age. With the development of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), digital divides have become a major concern in the world. In this study, we focus on three dimensions of digital divides in…

  16. 78 FR 2415 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Application for Family Unity Benefits, Form Number I...


    ..., at 77 FR 65703, allowing for a 60-day public comment period. USCIS did not receive any comments in... for Family Unity Benefits, Form Number I-817; Revision of a Currently Approved Collection ACTION: 30... approved information. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: Application for Family Unity Benefits. (3)...

  17. 78 FR 6849 - Agency Information Collection (Verification of VA Benefits) Activity Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Verification of VA Benefits) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY... abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. The PRA submission... VA Benefits, VA Form 26-8937. OMB Control Number: 2900-0406. ] Type of Review: Extension of...

  18. 77 FR 35755 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Burial Benefits) Activities Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Application for Burial Benefits) Activities Under OMB Review AGENCY... abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. The PRA submission... Benefits (Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 23), VA Form 21-530. OMB Control Number: 2900-0003. Type of...

  19. 76 FR 24570 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for VA Education Benefits) Activity; Comment Request


    ...., Washington, DC 20420 or email to . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0154'' in... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Application for VA Education Benefits) Activity; Comment Request... Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), is announcing an...

  20. Consumer responses to integrated risk-benefit information associated with the consumption of food.

    van Dijk, Heleen; Fischer, Arnout R H; Frewer, Lynn J


    The risk analysis of the health impact of foods is increasingly focused on integrated risk-benefit assessment, which will also need to be communicated to consumers. It therefore becomes important to understand how consumers respond to integrated risk-benefit information. Quality-adjusted-life-years (QALYs) is one measure that can be used to assess the balance between risks and benefits associated with a particular food. The effectiveness of QALYs for communicating both positive and negative health effects associated with food consumption to consumers was examined, using a 3 × 2 experiment varying information about health changes in terms of QALYs associated with the consumption of fish (n = 325). The effect of this information on consumer perceptions of the usefulness of QALYs for describing health effects, on risk and benefit perceptions, attitudes, and intentions to consume fish was examined. Results demonstrated that consumers perceived QALYs as useful for communicating health effects associated with food consumption. QALYs communicated as a net effect were preferred for food products associated with negative net effects on health, while separate communication of both risks and benefits may be preferred for food products associated with positive or zero net health effects. Information about health changes in terms of QALYs facilitated informed decision making by consumers, as indicated by the impact on risk and benefit perceptions as intended by the information. The impact of this information on actual food consumption choices merits further investigation. PMID:20880220

  1. Standardizing Medicare Payment Information to Support...

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Examination of efficiency in health care requires that cost information be normalized. Medicare payments include both geographic and policy-based facility type...

  2. GHG and Air Pollution Co-benefits Analysis to Support Decision Making in Hyderabad, India

    Guttikunda, S.; Shah, M.


    The increasing energy demand in the transport and industrial sectors accounts for a high carbon footprint in Hyderabad, India, and consequently to increasing air pollution. Integrated Environmental Strategies program under US EPA supported the analysis of Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board (PCB), to identify the major sources of pollution (local and global) and prioritize a series of strategies to better address mitigation in a cost effective manner. In Hyderabad, under the current trends, PM10 and CO2 emissions in 2020 are estimated to increase ~50 percent, compared to 2006 levels to ~43.5 ktons and ~10.3 million tons respectively. A co-benefits framework was implemented in analyzing the future control scenarios for human health benefits and carbon savings. Overall, implementing a series of interventions ranging from urban planning including better transport planning with bus rapid transport and metro rail, relocation of industries, and waste management, are expected to reduce the local and global emissions below the 2006 levels and yield an estimated ~US 196 million and ~US 492 million, in 2010 and 2020 respectively, in combined benefits of health and carbon savings. The PCB is coordinating the efforts for planning and implementation of these strategies. This paper will focus on presenting the methodology utilized for estimating emissions, pollutant dispersion, and impact on local and global environments, evaluated against the business as usual scenarios.

  3. Information support for major public events

    The unique capabilities of the IAEA illicit trafficking database is used to provide information on and assesment of illicit trafficking and other unauthorized activities involving nuclear and other radioactive materials to national authorities in charge of nuclear security of major public events. The information communicated to state parties cooperating with IAEA is on incidences confirmed to the agency on illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive materials and also incidences reported in open sources which have not been confirmed.

  4. Linking Textual Resources to Support Information Discovery

    Knoth, Petr


    A vast amount of information is today stored in the form of textual documents, many of which are available online. These documents come from different sources and are of different types. They include newspaper articles, books, corporate reports, encyclopedia entries and research papers. At a semantic level, these documents contain knowledge, which was created by explicitly connecting information and expressing it in the form of a natural language. However, a significant amount of knowledge is...

  5. 77 FR 54927 - Comment Request for Information Collection for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Benefit Accuracy...


    ... Employment and Training Administration Comment Request for Information Collection for Unemployment Insurance... written comments to Andrew Spisak, Office of Unemployment Insurance, Room S-4524, Employment and Training... UI benefit payments in three programs: State UI, Unemployment Compensation for Federal...

  6. Supporting Information Governance through Records and Information Management. Research Bulletin

    Kaczmarek, Joanne


    The expanding scope of IT initiatives in higher education institutions now goes well beyond basic desktop and enterprise applications. IT is often asked to focus on efforts to establish good information-governance practices. The many aspects of information governance are often found in a records and information management (RIM) program, but not…

  7. Benefits to space logistics and supportability using intelligent, decision-making self-prognostic equipment

    Losik, L.

    To improve logistics and supportability for existing and future space systems, the key design driver needs to be changed from equipment and system performance to equipment usable life as is done on Air Force fighter aircraft and the new Boeing commercial passenger aircraft. Today, all space system procurement contracts require equipment performance to be measured and confirmed before purchase and delivery, but the same procurement contracts do not require the usable life of the equipment to be measured and confirmed resulting in equipment whose reliability/usable life is dominated by premature (infant mortality) failures. Premature failures drive space system logistics and supportability, increasing cost and decreasing serviceability and availability. However, reliability-centered systems measure equipment usable life to identify any equipment that suffer from an infant mortality for replacement before delivery, offer superior system availability, maintainability, reliability and supportability along with meeting or exceeding equipment and system performance requirements. Today, the expensive and outdated routine maintenance programs can be replaced by the cost-saving, condition-based maintenance (CBM) program. The CBM includes using intelligent, decision-making self-prognostic equipment that decrease increases availability while lowering the life cycle cost. The CBM is ideal for improving the logistics, availability and supportability for existing and tomorrow's space exploration programs that benefit financially from having the right equipment and supplies available at the right time.

  8. Problems of information support in scientific research

    Shamaev, V. G.; Gorshkov, A. B.


    This paper reports on the creation of the open access Akustika portal (AKDATA.RU) designed to provide Russian-language easy-to-read and search information on acoustics and related topics. The absence of a Russian-language publication in foreign databases means that it is effectively lost for much of the scientific community. The portal has three interrelated sections: the Akustika information search system (ISS) (Acoustics), full-text archive of the Akusticheskii Zhurnal (Acoustic Journal), and 'Signal'naya informatsiya' ('Signaling information') on acoustics. The paper presents a description of the Akustika ISS, including its structure, content, interface, and information search capabilities for basic and applied research in diverse areas of science, engineering, biology, medicine, etc. The intended users of the portal are physicists, engineers, and engineering technologists interested in expanding their research activities and seeking to increase their knowledge base. Those studying current trends in the Russian-language contribution to international science may also find the portal useful.

  9. 75 FR 81894 - Safeguarding Child Support Information


    ... the safety of an individual thought to be a victim of family violence or child abuse. The intention of... involving domestic violence or child abuse. Section 453A of the Act, 42 U.S.C. 653a, requires States to... disclosure of information if there is a reasonable evidence of domestic violence or child abuse and...

  10. The structure of decision support systems administrator next information network

    І.Ю. Субач; П.В. Хусаінов; Міщенко, В.О.; Д.Е. Прусов


     Tasks of execute orderly administrator of special purpose information network are analyzed, and the structure and functions of the system are proved that support taking decisions in real time. Key words: information networks, information services, methods of increasing the efficiency, information evaluation, intellectual data analysis.

  11. Supporting Informal Learning at the Workplace

    Heide Karen Lukosch; Pieter de Vries


    In times of rapid technological and socio-economic changes, knowledge sharing and learning have become critical assets for most organizations and companies. New ways of learning and training are needed to cope with the rising demand of information. The Microtraining method developed on basis of recent learning theories and concepts is an answer to the need of flexibility of learning settings related to space and time, the availability of experts and the applicability of what is learned and tr...

  12. Intelligent Information System to support decision making.

    Kathrin Rodríguez Llanes


    Making decisions is complicated in a generalized way, the materials and humans resources of the entity we belong to depends on it, such as the fulfillment of its goals. But when the situations are complex, making decisions turns into a very difficult work, due to the great amount of aspects to consider when making the right choice. To make this efficiently the administration must to consult an important volume of information, which generally, is scattered and in any different formats. That’...

  13. Informed Consent Should Be a Required Element for Newborn Screening, Even for Disorders with High Benefit-Risk Ratios.

    Fost, Norman


    Over-enthusiastic newborn screening has often caused substantial harm and has been imposed on the public without adequate information on benefits and risks and without parental consent. This problem will become worse when genomic screening is implemented. For the past 40 years, there has been broad agreement about the criteria for ethically responsible screening, but the criteria have been systematically ignored by policy makers and practitioners. Claims of high benefit and low risk are common, but they require precise definition and documentation, which has often not occurred, undermining claims that involuntary testing is justified. Even when the benefits and risks are well established, it does not automatically follow that involuntary testing is justified, a position supported by the widespread tolerance for parental refusal of immunizations and newborn screening. PMID:27338600

  14. Intelligent Information System to support decision making.

    Kathrin Rodríguez Llanes


    Full Text Available Making decisions is complicated in a generalized way, the materials and humans resources of the entity we belong to depends on it, such as the fulfillment of its goals. But when the situations are complex, making decisions turns into a very difficult work, due to the great amount of aspects to consider when making the right choice. To make this efficiently the administration must to consult an important volume of information, which generally, is scattered and in any different formats. That’s why appears the need of developing software that crowd together all that information and be capable of, by using powerful search engines and process algorithms improve the good decisions making process. Considering previous explanation, a complete freeware developed product is proposed, this constitutes a generic and multi-platform solution, that using artificial intelligence techniques, specifically the cases based reasoning, gives the possibility to leaders of any institution or organism of making the right choice in any situation.With client-server architecture, this system is consumed from web as a service and it can be perfectly integrated with a management system or the geographic information system to facilitate the business process.

  15. Informing Tobacco Cessation Benefit Use Interventions for Unionized Blue-Collar Workers: A Mixed-Methods Reasoned Action Approach.

    Yzer, Marco; Weisman, Susan; Mejia, Nicole; Hennrikus, Deborah; Choi, Kelvin; DeSimone, Susan


    Blue-collar workers typically have high rates of tobacco use but low rates of using tobacco cessation resources available through their health benefits. Interventions to motivate blue-collar tobacco users to use effective cessation support are needed. Reasoned action theory is useful in this regard as it can identify the beliefs that shape tobacco cessation benefit use intentions. However, conventional reasoned action research cannot speak to how those beliefs can best be translated into intervention messages. In the present work, we expand the reasoned action approach by adding additional qualitative inquiry to better understand blue-collar smokers' beliefs about cessation benefit use. Across three samples of unionized blue-collar tobacco users, we identified (1) the 35 attitudinal, normative, and control beliefs that represented tobacco users' belief structure about cessation benefit use; (2) instrumental attitude as most important in explaining cessation intention; (3) attitudinal beliefs about treatment options' efficacy, health effects, and monetary implications of using benefits as candidates for message design; (4) multiple interpretations of cessation beliefs (e.g., short and long-term health effects); and (5) clear implications of these interpretations for creative message design. Taken together, the findings demonstrate how a mixed-method reasoned action approach can inform interventions that promote the use of tobacco cessation health benefits. PMID:25975798

  16. Information Service Model with Mobile Agent Supported

    邹涛; 王继成; 张福炎


    Mobile Agent is a kind of novel agent technology characterized by mobile, intelligent, parallel and asynchronous computing. In this paper, a new information service model that adopts mobile agent technology is introduced first,and then an experimental system DOLTRIA system that is implemented based on the model is described. The DOLTRIA system implemented by WWW framework and Java can search for relevant HTML documents on a set of Web servers. The result of experiments shows that performance improvement can be achieved by this model, and both the elapsed time and network traffic are reduced significantly.

  17. 75 FR 81209 - Information Collection; National Incident Support Stakeholder Assessment


    ... Forest Service Information Collection; National Incident Support Stakeholder Assessment AGENCY: Forest... concerning this notice should be e-mailed to with ``Stakeholders Assessment Comments'' entered.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: National Incident Support Stakeholder Assessment. OMB Number: 0596-New....

  18. Information support for high technologies: issues of innovation

    Piskorskaya, S. Yu; Goncharov, A. E.; Prohorovich, G. A.; Perantseva, A. V.


    The current development of high technologies and innovative projects requires systematic information support. This article describes examples of information support and promotion of regional technological platforms of the Krasnoiarskii krai on the base of communications projects which are being realized by students at SibSAU. These technological platforms correspond to the prioritized fields of developing science and research in the Russian Federation.

  19. Semantic preview benefit in English: Individual differences in the extraction and use of parafoveal semantic information.

    Veldre, Aaron; Andrews, Sally


    Although there is robust evidence that skilled readers of English extract and use orthographic and phonological information from the parafovea to facilitate word identification, semantic preview benefits have been elusive. We sought to establish whether individual differences in the extraction and/or use of parafoveal semantic information could account for this discrepancy. Ninety-nine adult readers who were assessed on measures of reading and spelling ability read sentences while their eye movements were recorded. The gaze-contingent boundary paradigm was used to manipulate the availability of relevant semantic and orthographic information in the parafovea. On average, readers showed a benefit from previews high in semantic feature overlap with the target. However, reading and spelling ability yielded opposite effects on semantic preview benefit. High reading ability was associated with a semantic preview benefit that was equivalent to an identical preview on first-pass reading. High spelling ability was associated with a reduced semantic preview benefit despite an overall higher rate of skipping. These results suggest that differences in the magnitude of semantic preview benefits in English reflect constraints on extracting semantic information from the parafovea and competition between the orthographic features of the preview and the target. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26595070

  20. Earth benefits of interdisciplinary CELSS-related research by the NSCORT in Bioregenerative Life Support

    Mitchell, C.; Sherman, L.; Nielsen, S.; Nelson, P.; Trumbo, P.; Hodges, T.; Hasegawa, P.; Bressan, R.; Ladisch, M.; Auslander, D.


    Earth benefits of research from the NSCORT in Bioregenerative Life Support will include the following: development of active control mechanisms for light, CO2, and temperature to maximize photosynthesis of crop plants during important phases of crop development; automation of crop culture systems; creation of novel culture systems for optimum productivity; creation of value-added crops with superior nutritional, yield, and waste-process characteristics; environmental control of food and toxicant composition of crops; new process technologies and novel food products for safe, nutritious, palatable vegetarian diets; creation of menus for healthful vegetarian diets with psychological acceptability; enzymatic procedures to degrade recalcitrant crop residues occurring in municipal waste; control-system strategies to ensure sustainabilty of a CELSS that will enable management of diverse complex systems on Earth.

  1. Earth benefits of interdisciplinary celss-related research by the NSCORT in Bioregenerative Life Support

    Mitchell, C.; Sherman, L.; Nielsen, S.; Nelson, P.; Trumbo, P.; Hodges, T.; Hasegawa, P.; Bressan, R.; Ladisch, M.; Auslander, D.

    Earth benefits of research from the NSCORT in Bioregenerative Life Support will include the following: development of active control mechanisms for light, CO_2, and temperature to maximize photosynthesis of crop plants during important phases of crop development; automation of crop culture systems; creation of novel culture systems for optimum productivity; creation of value-added crops with superior nutritional, yield, and waste-process characteristics; environmental control of food and toxicant composition of crops; new process technologies and novel food products for safe, nutritious, palatable vegetarian diets; creation of menus for healthful vegetarian diets with psychological acceptability; enzymatic procedures to degrade recalcitrant crop residues occurring in municipal waste; control-system strategies to ensure sustainability of a CELSS that will enable management of diverse complex systems on Earth.

  2. 77 FR 2350 - Agency Information Collection (Request for Vocational Training Benefits-Certain Children of...


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Request for Vocational Training Benefits--Certain Children of... ``OMB Control No. 2900-0579.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Request for Vocational Training... certain birth defects may submit a written claim to request participation in a vocational training...

  3. 78 FR 50143 - Agency Information Collection (Application for CHAMPVA Benefits) Activities Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Application for CHAMPVA Benefits) Activities Under OMB Review... information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. The PRA... Review: Revision of a currently approved collection. ] Abstracts: a. VA Form 10-10d is used to...

  4. 75 FR 3541 - Agency Information Collection (Verification of VA Benefits) Activity Under OMB Review


    ...In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521), this notice announces that the Veterans Benefits Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs will submit the collection of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. The PRA submission describes the nature of the information collection and its expected......

  5. 76 FR 40453 - Agency Information Collection (Application for VA Education Benefits) Activity Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Application for VA Education Benefits) Activity Under OMB Review... of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment... Review: Extension of a currently approved collection. Abstract: a. Claimants complete VA Form 22-1990...

  6. 78 FR 16870 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Benefit...


    ..., ``Benefit Rights and Experience Report,'' to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and... information, see the related notice published in the Federal Register on November 19, 2012 (77 FR 69503... of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment...

  7. 78 FR 59099 - Agency Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires) Under OMB Review


    ...In compliance with the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521), this notice announces that the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs, will submit the collection of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment. The PRA submission describes the nature of the information collection and its......

  8. 75 FR 76081 - Agency Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires) Activity Under OMB Review


    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires) Activity Under OMB Review... of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and comment.... Type of Review: Extension of a currently approved collection. Abstract: VA Forms 21-0960a-1,...

  9. Americans support partnership benefits for same-sex couples, but are less positive towards marriage rights and showing affection in public.

    Doan, Long; Miller, Lisa; Loehr, Annalise


    Over the past decade, same-sex marriage has grown in acceptance, and is now legal in 35 U.S. states. But how favorable are Americans towards same-sex couples? In new research that examines attitudes towards formal rights and informal privileges for same-sex couples, Long Doan, Lisa R. Miller, and Annalise Loehr find that while most Americans are supportive of same-sex couples having partnership benefits such as family leave and inheritance rights, this support does not extend to more informal...

  10. Information Services for Supporting Quality Management in Healthcare

    Kostagiolas, Petros A.


    In today’s world, society and the economy are placing an increasing emphasis on information and its quality. Quality and information management are interrelated, and advances in information and communication technology have led to a re-assessment of many management practices. In this paper the role of information services in supporting quality management in healthcare is considered. The importance of information to quality in healthcare is examined and an analysis of the role of the internati...

  11. Academic Support through Information System : Srinivas Integrated Model

    Aithal, Sreeramana; Kumar, Suresh


    As part of imparting quality higher education for undergraduate and postgraduate students, Srinivas Institute of Management Studies (SIMS) developed an education service model for integrated academic support known as Srinivas Integrated Model. Backed by the presumption that knowledge is power and information is fundamental to knowledge building and knowledge sharing, this model is aimed to provide information support to students for improved academic performance. Information on the college...

  12. Health Information and the Choice of Fish Species: An Experiment Measuring the Impact of Risk and Benefit Information

    Stéphan Marette; Jutta Roosen; Sandrine Blanchemanche; Philippe Verger


    An experiment was conducted in France to evaluate the impact of health information on consumers' choice between two different types of fish. Successive messages revealing risks (methylmercury) and benefits (omega-3s) of consuming the fish, along with consumption recommendations, were delivered. Results show a significant difference of reaction according to the order and type of information. The information about risks had a larger marginal impact on change in willingness to pay (WTP) than did...

  13. The Effect of Information Satisfaction and Relational Benefit on Consumers' Online Shopping Site Commitments

    Chung-Hoon Park; Young-Gul Kim


    Among the potential determinants of consumers’ commitments to online shopping site are information features of the Web site, because online shopping consumers have to base their judgment solely on the product or service information presented on the site. When consumers are satisfied with such information features and perceive clear benefits from their relationships with the site, we can expect them to be more committed to the site. In this study, we investigate the relationship between such...

  14. Investigating the strategic relationship between information quality and e-government benefits

    Alenezi, Hussain


    This thesis was submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy and awarded by Brunel University This thesis focuses on investigating the relationship between improvements in information quality and the benefits and performance of e-Government organisations. As information quality is a multidimensional measure, it is very crucial to determine what aspects of it are critical to organisations to help them to devise effective information quality improvement strategies. These strategies ar...

  15. Patient Segmentation Analysis Offers Significant Benefits For Integrated Care And Support.

    Vuik, Sabine I; Mayer, Erik K; Darzi, Ara


    Integrated care aims to organize care around the patient instead of the provider. It is therefore crucial to understand differences across patients and their needs. Segmentation analysis that uses big data can help divide a patient population into distinct groups, which can then be targeted with care models and intervention programs tailored to their needs. In this article we explore the potential applications of patient segmentation in integrated care. We propose a framework for population strategies in integrated care-whole populations, subpopulations, and high-risk populations-and show how patient segmentation can support these strategies. Through international case examples, we illustrate practical considerations such as choosing a segmentation logic, accessing data, and tailoring care models. Important issues for policy makers to consider are trade-offs between simplicity and precision, trade-offs between customized and off-the-shelf solutions, and the availability of linked data sets. We conclude that segmentation can provide many benefits to integrated care, and we encourage policy makers to support its use. PMID:27140981

  16. Provider stakeholders' perceived benefit from a nascent health information exchange: a qualitative analysis.

    Pevnick, Joshua M; Claver, Maria; Dobalian, Aram; Asch, Steven M; Stutman, Harris R; Tomines, Alan; Fu, Paul


    We sought to better understand the perceived costs and benefits of joining a nascent health information exchange (HIE) from the perspective of potential provider organization participants. We therefore conducted semi-structured interviews with organizational representatives. Interview transcriptions were thematically coded, and coded text was subsequently aggregated to summarize the breadth and depth of responses. Although no respondents expected HIE to result in net financial benefit to their organization, all respondents recognized some potential benefits, and some respondents expected HIE to result in overall organizational benefit. Disproportionate benefit was expected for the poorest, sickest patients. Many respondents had concerns about HIE increasing the risk of data security breaches, and these concerns were most pronounced at larger organizations. We found little evidence of organizational concern regarding loss of patients to other organizations or publication of unfavorable quality data. If HIE's greatest benefactors are indeed the poorest, sickest patients, our current health care financing environment will make it difficult to align HIE costs with benefits. To sustain HIE, state and federal governments may need to consider ongoing subsidies. Furthermore, these governments will need to ensure that policies regulating data exchange have sufficient nationwide coordination and liability limitations that the perceived organizational risks of joining HIEs do not outweigh perceived benefits. HIE founders can address organizational concerns by attempting to coordinate HIE policies with those of their largest founding organizations, particularly for data security policies. Early HIE development and promotional efforts should not only focus on potential benefits, but should also address organizational concerns. PMID:20703673

  17. The Added Value of Collecting Information on Pain Experience When Predicting Time on Benefits for Injured Workers with Back Pain.

    Steenstra, Ivan A; Franche, Renée-Louise; Furlan, Andrea D; Amick, Ben; Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah


    Objectives Some injured workers with work-related, compensated back pain experience a troubling course in return to work. A prediction tool was developed in an earlier study, using administrative data only. This study explored the added value of worker reported data in identifying those workers with back pain at higher risk of being on benefits for a longer period of time. Methods This was a cohort study of workers with compensated back pain in 2005 in Ontario. Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) data was used. As well, we examined the added value of patient-reported prognostic factors obtained from a prospective cohort study. Improvement of model fit was determined by comparing area under the curve (AUC) statistics. The outcome measure was time on benefits during a first workers' compensation claim for back pain. Follow-up was 2 years. Results Among 1442 workers with WSIB data still on full benefits at 4 weeks, 113 were also part of the prospective cohort study. Model fit of an established rule in the smaller dataset of 113 workers was comparable to the fit previously established in the larger dataset. Adding worker rating of pain at baseline improved the rule substantially (AUC = 0.80, 95 % CI 0.68, 0.91 compared to benefit status at 180 days, AUC = 0.88, 95 % CI 0.74, 1.00 compared to benefits status at 360 days). Conclusion Although data routinely collected by workers' compensation boards show some ability to predict prolonged time on benefits, adding information on experienced pain reported by the worker improves the predictive ability of the model from 'fairly good' to 'good'. In this study, a combination of prognostic factors, reported by multiple stakeholders, including the worker, could identify those at high risk of extended duration on disability benefits and in potentially in need of additional support at the individual level. PMID:26152837

  18. [For the Establishment of an Informative Support Framework in Pharmacies: Informative Support System for Diabetes].

    Yamamoto, Michiko; Doi, Hirohisa; Watanabe, Kazuhiro


    According to the Japanese revitalization strategy endorsed by the government in June, 2013, pharmacies are expected to play an active role as the hub of health information. But this is not sufficiently organized: an infrastructure for providing neutral information which becomes the basis of such health information is not yet established for healthcare professionals, patients and consumers. As for drug information available subsequent to the marketing of pharmaceutical products, information from the pharmaceutical companies including Package Inserts and Interview-forms are often found. However, though such information from companies is important, it is necessary for healthcare professionals and patients to have access to the information evaluated by a trustworthy third party. With overseas distribution, the dissemination of drug information is provided by third parties, which are independent of regulatory agencies. For example, National Health Service (NHS) Evidence in the UK offers wide-ranging information based on evidence from a disease to pharmaceutical products, and is a widely available information source for healthcare professionals, patients and consumers. With regard to therapeutic medications, drug information and health foods in the Japanese community, it is necessary for patients and healthcare professionals that we establish neutral and common systematic information based on the research evidence. By providing information on the Internet, which enables people to access the information easily and to assess a product's usefulness objectively, we hope to eventually develop a system that ensures a patient's safety in the use of drugs. PMID:26831806

  19. Weather Information Services supporting Civilian UAS Operations Project

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We build a system that supports the weather information needs of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) planning to fly in the National Airspace System (NAS). This weather...

  20. Information support of research information interactions of PhD. students in Slovakia

    Steinerova, Jela (Comenius University Bratislava); Hrckova, Andrea (Comenius University Bratislava); GreyNet, Grey Literature Network Service


    The support of research process in information practices has long attracted attention of information science, especially in terms of digital scholarship and science 2.0. However, there is a need to manage large volumes of digital data in science and new information strategies of young researchers should be designed. The goal of this paper is to report on research of information needs of doctoral students in contexts of information support off digital research data and processes. Based on the ...

  1. Supporting Best Practices and Standards for Information Technology Infrastructure Library

    Mihyar Hesson


    Full Text Available Problem statement: There are several IT best practices and IT standards, which are independently supporting enterprises. Some of them have similarities and other differ from each other. This study discusses these best practices and standards in contrast with ITIL. Approach: CMMI, CobiT, eTOM, ISO 9000, ISO/IEC 17799, Malcolm Baldrige and Six Sigma will be introduces along with ITIL. Results: This study will prove that all these IT based practices and IT standards are useful and helpful when concurrently adopted with ITIL. Conclusion: By adopting the best IT practices and IT standards ITIL will be benefited in IT Service Support and IT Service Delivery areas.

  2. Providing information promotes greater public support for potable recycled water.

    Fielding, Kelly S; Roiko, Anne H


    In spite of the clear need to address water security through sourcing new and alternative water supplies, there has been marked resistance from some communities to the introduction of recycled water for potable use. The present studies tested the effectiveness of providing relatively brief information about the recycled water process and the safety of recycled water on cognitive, emotional and behavioral responses. Three information conditions (basic information or basic information plus information about pollutants in the water, or information that puts the risk of chemicals in the water in perspective) were compared to a no information control condition. Across three experiments there was general support for the hypothesis that providing information would result in more positive cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses to recycled water. Information increased comfort with potable recycled water and, in general, participants in the information conditions expressed more positive emotions (Experiment 1 & 3), less negative emotions (Experiment 3), more support (Experiment 1 & 3), and lower risk perceptions (Experiment 1 & 3) than those in the no information control condition. Participants who received information also drank more recycled water than control participants (Experiment 1 & 2, although the differences between conditions was not statistically significant) and were significantly more likely to vote in favor of the introduction of a recycled water scheme (Experiment 3). There was evidence, however, that providing information about the level of pollutants in recycled water may lead to ambivalent responses. PMID:24893113

  3. 78 FR 44625 - Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...


    ... 17, 2013 (78 FR 36307), inviting the public to comment on a proposed information collection titled ``Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960M-16.'' On June 18, 2013 (78 FR 36643... corrects that error by withdrawing the FR notice that published on June 18, 2013 (FR Doc 2013-14412)....

  4. 76 FR 35950 - Agency Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires-Group 3) Activity Under OMB Review


    ... Review AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... collection of information abstracted below to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and... (DBQs--Group 3). Type of Review: New collection. Abstract: Data collected on VA Form 21-0960 series...

  5. 75 FR 74086 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Benefits...


    ... Register on September 10, 2010 (75 FR 55357). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB... of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Benefits Timeliness and Quality Review System ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Labor (DOL)...

  6. 77 FR 71449 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Benefit...


    ... 6, 2012 (77 FR 54927). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB, Office of... of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Benefit Accuracy Measurement Program ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: On November 30, 2012, the Department...

  7. 75 FR 74087 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Benefit...


    ...) titled, ``Benefit Appeals Report,'' to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and approval... Register on September 2, 2010 (75 FR 53983). Interested parties are encouraged to send comments to the OMB... of the Secretary Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for OMB Review; Comment...

  8. 77 FR 24268 - Agency Information Collection (Dependents' Application for VA Educational Benefits) Activity...

    2012-04-23 or to VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch, New Executive Office...-7583 or email . Please refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0098.'' SUPPLEMENTARY... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Dependents' Application for VA Educational Benefits) Activity...

  9. 76 FR 19285 - Request for Information Regarding Electronic Disclosure by Employee Benefit Plans


    ... heading ``Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act'').\\5\\ \\4\\ 68 FR 17277. \\5\\ The 2003... electronic media by employee benefit plans to furnish information to participants and beneficiaries covered... are discussed below. \\1\\ 42 FR 37186. \\2\\ 67 FR 17264. On January 18, 2011 the President...

  10. Manual for Support Staff on the Information Desks.

    Wills, Deborah

    This manual was produced during the 1992-93 Wilfrid Laurier University in Ontario school year to be used as a reference guide and a training tool for library support staff assigned to work at the library's information desks. Its purpose is to help ensure a uniform standard of service and to provide practical procedures for information and basic…

  11. Information delivery manuals to facilitate it supported energy analysis

    Mondrup, Thomas Fænø; Karlshøj, Jan; Vestergaard, Flemming

    of information exchange and digital workflows is required. This paper presents the preliminary findings of an ongoing study aimed at developing an Information Delivery Manual (IDM) for IT supported energy analysis at concept design phase. The IDM development is based on: (1) a review of current approaches (2...

  12. Supporting Informal Learning by Traders in Investment Banks

    Chivers, Geoffrey


    Purpose: The main aims of this paper are to determine the extent to which experienced traders in investment banks based in London are learning by informal methods, which methods are to the fore, and whether HRD staff are providing support for informal learning. It also seeks to find evidence that such investment banks were attempting to become…

  13. A Method for Making Cross-Comparable Estimates of the Benefits of Decision Support Technologies for Air Traffic Management

    Lee, David; Long, Dou; Etheridge, Mel; Plugge, Joana; Johnson, Jesse; Kostiuk, Peter


    We present a general method for making cross comparable estimates of the benefits of NASA-developed decision support technologies for air traffic management, and we apply a specific implementation of the method to estimate benefits of three decision support tools (DSTs) under development in NASA's advanced Air Transportation Technologies Program: Active Final Approach Spacing Tool (A-FAST), Expedite Departure Path (EDP), and Conflict Probe and Trial Planning Tool (CPTP). The report also reviews data about the present operation of the national airspace system (NAS) to identify opportunities for DST's to reduce delays and inefficiencies.

  14. Evaluation of Daptomycin Exposure and Efficacy and Safety Endpoints To Support Risk-versus-Benefit Considerations.

    Bhavnani, Sujata M; Ambrose, Paul G; Hammel, Jeffrey P; Rubino, Christopher M; Drusano, George L


    The choice of an antimicrobial agent must balance optimization of efficacy endpoints with the minimization of safety events. The risk versus benefit of daptomycin for patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia with or without infective endocarditis receiving daptomycin at 6, 8, and 10 mg/kg of body weight/day was assessed. The relationships between the area under the concentration-time curve over 24 h (AUC)/MIC ratio and both clinical response and time to decreased susceptibility were evaluated using data from patients with such infections who received daptomycin at 6 mg/kg/day. Using these relationships, plus the previously identified relationship between the minimum concentration and an elevation in the creatine phosphokinase (CPK) concentration (CPK elevation) (S. M. Bhavnani, C. M. Rubino, P. G. Ambrose, and G. L. Drusano, Clin Infect Dis 50:1568-1574, 2010) and Monte Carlo simulation, the probability of each outcome by MIC for daptomycin at 6, 8, and 10 mg/kg/day was calculated. The function for exposure-response relationships for clinical response (P = 0.06) and time to decreased susceptibility (P = 0.01) resembled U and inverted U shapes, respectively. Multivariable analyses demonstrated AUC/MIC ratio, creatinine clearance, albumin concentration, and disease category to be predictors of clinical response. The results of simulations failed to demonstrate large improvements in the probabilities of clinical success among cohorts of simulated patients defined by the above-described predictive factors or the probability of decreased susceptibility at 30 days when the daptomycin dose was increased from 6 to 10 mg/kg/day. The probability of CPK elevation increased from 0.073 to 0.156 over this dose range. These data can be used to inform risk-versus-benefit decisions for daptomycin dose selection in patients with S. aureus bacteremia with or without infective endocarditis. The risk of CPK elevation, which is reversible, should be weighed in the context of the

  15. Scoliosis related information on the internet in China: can patients benefit from this information?

    Hongda Bao

    Full Text Available There has been an increasing popularity of searching health related information online in recent years. Despite that considerable amount of scoliosis patients have shown interest in obtaining scoliosis information through Internet, previous studies have demonstrated poor quality of online information. However, this conclusion may vary depending on region and culture. Since China has a restricted Internet access outside of its borders, the aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of scoliosis information available online using recognized scoring systems and to analyze the Internet as a source of health information in China.A survey-based questionnaire was distributed to 280 respondents at outpatient clinics. Information on demographics and Internet use was collected. Binary logistic analysis was performed to identify possible predictors for the use of Internet. In addition, the top 60 scoliosis related websites assessed through 4 search engines were reviewed by a surgeon and the quality of online information was evaluated using DISCERN score and JAMA benchmark.Use of the Internet as a source for scoliosis related information was confirmed in 87.8% of the respondents. College education, Internet access at home and urban residence were identified as potential predictors for Internet use. However, the quality of online scoliosis related information was poor with an average DISCERN score of 27.9±11.7 and may be misleading for scoliosis patients.The study outlines the profile of scoliosis patients who use the Internet as a source of health information. It was shown that 87.8% of the scoliosis patients in outpatient clinics have searched for scoliosis related information on Internet. Urban patients, higher education and Internet access at home were identified as potential predictors for Internet search. However, the overall quality of online scoliosis related information was poor and confusing. Physician based websites seemed to contain more

  16. Online support for employed informal caregivers: psychosocial outcomes.

    Klemm, Paula R; Hayes, Evelyn R; Diefenbeck, Cynthia A; Milcarek, Barry


    The overall objectives of this project were to evaluate whether psychosocial outcomes in employed family caregivers of people with chronic disease, who participate in online support, differ from nonactive participants and whether psychosocial outcomes differ based on the format of online group support. A randomized longitudinal design comparing two types of online support groups and nonactive participants, on the basis of three principal measures, was utilized. Eighty-six self-reported family caregivers of people with chronic disease, who spoke English and had Internet access, took part in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to professionally facilitated/psychoeducational or moderated/peer-directed online support groups for a period of 12 weeks. The setting was a password-protected Web page housed on a university server. Independent variables were type of online support groups and level of participation; the dependent variables were depressive symptoms, caregiver burden, and caregiver quality of life. There were significant differences in depressive symptoms and quality of life among nonactive participants and either of the two intervention groups, but not between the two intervention groups. Results suggest that professionally facilitated/psychoeducational and moderated/peer-directed online support groups help reduce depressive symptoms and improve quality of life for those who actively participate and that both types of online support groups provided similar benefits. Men and minorities should be targeted in future caregiver research. PMID:24284908

  17. Integrating information systems in support of configuration management

    Many nuclear power plants are reconstructing, validating, and documenting their plant design basis using configuration management and configuration control processes. Successful implementation of configuration management requires an up-to-date, accurate, and accessible information base. The quantity of information and complexity of its interrelationships makes development of an integrated, multifunctional, computer-based information system important, if not necessary, to meeting configuration management objectives. This paper discusses the approach applied at Texas Utilities (TU) Electrics Comanche Peak steam electric station to integrate and computerize the information base in support of configuration management

  18. Effects of Vicarious Experiences of Nature, Environmental Attitudes, and Outdoor Recreation Benefits on Support for Increased Funding Allocations

    Kil, Namyun


    This study examined the effects of vicarious experiences of nature, environmental attitudes, and recreation benefits sought by participants on their support for funding of natural resources and alternative energy options. Using a national scenic trail user survey, results demonstrated that vicarious experiences of nature influenced environmental…


    Consoli, Domenico


    Generally a good business organization presents an efficient Knowledge Management (KM) system. In the enterpise it’s very important the integration of technological, procedural and organizational know-how. The skills acquired by employees, over time, must be transformed in explicit knowledge and distributed on enterprise community to support decision making for strategic planning. Information and communication technology (ICT) supports very well the flow of knowledge inside enterprise and its...

  20. An information system supporting design for reliability and maintenance

    EDF is currently developing a methodology to integrate availability, operating experience and maintenance in the design of power plants. This involves studies that depend closely on the results and assumptions of each other about the reliability and operations of the plant. Therefore a support information system must be carefully designed. Concurrently with development of the methodology, a research oriented information system was designed and built. It is based on the database model of a logistic support repository that we tailored to our needs. (K.A.)

  1. An information system supporting design for reliability and maintenance

    Rit, J.F.; Beraud, M.T


    EDF is currently developing a methodology to integrate availability, operating experience and maintenance in the design of power plants. This involves studies that depend closely on the results and assumptions of each other about the reliability and operations of the plant. Therefore a support information system must be carefully designed. Concurrently with development of the methodology, a research oriented information system was designed and built. It is based on the database model of a logistic support repository that we tailored to our needs. (K.A.) 10 refs.

  2. Realizing Informed Consent in Times of Controversy: Lessons from the SUPPORT Study.

    Morse, Robert J; Wilson, Robin Fretwell


    This Essay examines the elegantly simple idea that consent to medical treatment or participation in human research must be "informed" to be valid. It does so by using as a case study the controversial clinical research trial known as the Surfactant, Positive Pressure, and Oxygenation Randomized Trial ("SUPPORT"). The Essay begins by charting, through case law and the adoption of the common rule, the evolution of duties to secure fully informed consent in both research and treatment. The Essay then utilizes the SUPPORT study, which sought to pinpoint the level of saturated oxygen that should be provided to extremely low birth weight infants to demonstrate modern complexities and shortcomings of the duty to secure informed consent. This Essay shows how the duty is measured by foreseeability of risks and benefits in human research and why federal regulators believed the trade-offs in risk and benefits from differing oxygen levels administered in the support study were foreseeable. It then explores the contours of the duty to secure informed consent when applied to researchers who also serve as treating physicians, highlighting how common law duties differ in jurisdictions that apply the professional standard and those that apply the patient-centered material risk standard. This Essay provides new insight into what the law must do to make real the notion that [e]very human being of adult years and sound mind has a right to determine what shall be done with his body." PMID:27587446

  3. The value of information as applied to the Landsat Follow-on benefit-cost analysis

    Wood, D. B.


    An econometric model was run to compare the current forecasting system with a hypothetical (Landsat Follow-on) space-based system. The baseline current system was a hybrid of USDA SRS domestic forecasts and the best known foreign data. The space-based system improved upon the present Landsat by the higher spatial resolution capability of the thematic mapper. This satellite system is a major improvement for foreign forecasts but no better than SRS for domestic forecasts. The benefit analysis was concentrated on the use of Landsat Follow-on to forecast world wheat production. Results showed that it was possible to quantify the value of satellite information and that there are significant benefits in more timely and accurate crop condition information.

  4. Benefit-Cost Analysis of Security Systems for Multiple Protected Assets Based on Information Entropy

    Qing Cai


    Full Text Available This article proposes a quantitative risk assessment for security systems which have multiple protected assets and a risk-based benefit-cost analysis for decision makers. The proposed methodology consists of five phases: identification of assets, security unit and intrusion path, security unit effectiveness estimation, intrusion path effectiveness estimation, security system risk assessment and benefit-cost estimation. Key innovations in this methodology include its use of effectiveness entropy to measure the degree of uncertainty of a security system to complete a protection task, and the fact it measures risk like information theory measures the amount of information. A notional example is provided to demonstrate an application of the proposed methodology.

  5. Information flow and simulation support in the product development process

    Johansson, Henrik; Larsson, Tobias


    This paper consists of a case study of the product development process at Indexator AB, manufacturer of rotators for heavy equipment. The process has been studied concerning the information flow and computer support in the engineering design department and its interacting departments. It is shown that the company has a clear view of how information flows and which computer tools they use in the different parts of the processes. The advantage of using computer tools for analysis and planning i...

  6. Benefits and problems of electronic information exchange as perceived by health care professionals: an interview study

    Wiesman Floris J; Verheij Robert A; Zwaanswijk Marieke; Friele Roland D


    Abstract Background Various countries are currently implementing a national electronic patient record (n-EPR). Despite the assumed positive effects of n-EPRs, their overall adoption remains low and meets resistance from health care providers. This study aims to increase our understanding of health care providers' attitude towards the n-EPR, by investigating their perceptions of the benefits and problems of electronic information exchange in health care and the n-EPR in particular. Methods The...

  7. Implementation and Benefits of LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System) to Laboratories – A Review

    Ayush Karol; Payal Garg


    Laboratory automation is termed as a utilization of technology to streamline process workflow and substitute manual error and interventions of equipment and process. Laboratory information management system is a basic tool to manage sample and test for analytical QC, R & D laboratories and quality assurance providing integrated solution to workflow. Main aim of this paper is to introduce the implementational benefits of LIMS to quality control laboratories by sorting and organizing test infor...

  8. Utilisation of information technology to support information and knowledge management by lawyers in Polokwane City

    Solomon Bopape


    A revolution in information and communication technology is taking place in the world. With this technological revolution, information and knowledge are also considered as crucial assets for every organization. Law firms are regarded as one of the industries which are information and knowledge-intensive. The utilization of information technology can play an essential role in supporting information and knowledge management in law firms. An investigation into the extent to which lawyers or law ...

  9. Extending Value of Information Methods to Include the Co-Net Benefits of Earth Observations

    Macauley, M.


    The widening relevance of Earth observations information across the spectrum of natural and environmental resources markedly enhances the value of these observations. An example is observations of forest extent, species composition, health, and change; this information can help in assessing carbon sequestration, biodiversity and habitat, watershed management, fuelwood potential, and other ecosystem services as well as inform the opportunity cost of forest removal for alternative land use such as agriculture, pasture, or development. These "stacked" indicators or co- net benefits add significant value to Earth observations. In part because of reliance on case studies, much previous research about the value of information from Earth observations has assessed individual applications rather than aggregate across applications, thus tending to undervalue the observations. Aggregating across applications is difficult, however, because it requires common units of measurement: controlling for spatial, spectral, and temporal attributes of the observations; and consistent application of value of information techniques. This paper will discuss general principles of co-net benefit aggregation and illustrate its application to attributing value to Earth observations.

  10. Support Vector Machines: Relevance Feedback and Information Retrieval.

    Drucker, Harris; Shahrary, Behzad; Gibbon, David C.


    Compares support vector machines (SVMs) to Rocchio, Ide regular and Ide dec-hi algorithms in information retrieval (IR) of text documents using relevancy feedback. If the preliminary search is so poor that one has to search through many documents to find at least one relevant document, then SVM is preferred. Includes nine tables. (Contains 24…

  11. Researchers engage communities to support women in information technology careers

    Elliott, Jean


    After year one of a five-year grant intended to support the education of young women about careers in information technology in the Appalachian region, Virginia Tech researchers report that their project has impacted 365 people; or one person per day.

  12. Blogging for Information Management, Learning, and Social Support during Internship

    Chu, Samuel K. W.; Kwan, Alvin C. M.; Warning, Peter


    The functions and possibilities afforded by blogging have been suggested to be relevant to learning and information management. Its increasing use in the business and education sectors is documented, but currently its use in professional education or internship is limited. The social nature of blogging appears to support the applicability of blogs…

  13. Energy information systems (EIS): Technology costs, benefit, and best practice uses

    Granderson, Jessica; Lin, Guanjing; Piette, Mary Ann


    Energy information systems are the web-based software, data acquisition hardware, and communication systems used to store, analyze, and display building energy data. They often include analysis methods such as baselining, benchmarking, load profiling, and energy anomaly detection. This report documents a large-scale assessment of energy information system (EIS) uses, costs, and energy benefits, based on a series of focused case study investigations that are synthesized into generalizable findings. The overall objective is to provide organizational decision makers with the information they need to make informed choices as to whether or not to invest in an EIS--a promising technology that can enable up to 20 percent site energy savings, quick payback, and persistent low-energy performance when implemented as part of best-practice energy management programs.

  14. Mothers' Perceptions of Benefits of Perinatal Loss Support Offered at a Major University Hospital

    Sanchez, Nancy Anne


    This qualitative research investigated the perception of mothers regarding hospital support after perinatal loss. Twelve in-depth interviews demonstrated that the mothers recalled the circumstances of the loss. Most identified the hospital's support services and made comments on aspects of hospital support as influential in grief recovery. Most interviewees considered themselves somewhat recovered from the loss.

  15. An Integrated Information Retrieval Support System for Campus Network


    This paper presents a new integrated information retrieval support system (IIRSS) which can help Web search engines retrieve cross-lingual information from heterogeneous resources stored in multi-databases in Intranet. The IIRSS, with a three-layer architecture, can cooperate with other application servers running in Intranet. By using intelligent agents to collect information and to create indexes on-the-fly, using an access control strategy to confine a user to browsing those accessible documents for him/her through a single portal, and using a new cross-lingual translation tool to help the search engine retrieve documents, the new system provides controllable information access with different authorizations, personalized services, and real-time information retrieval.

  16. The effect of health benefit information on consumers health value, attitudes and intentions.

    Tudoran, Alina; Olsen, Svein Ottar; Dopico, Domingo C


    This research explored the effect of health benefit information on individuals' stated health value, attitudes towards functional/enriched foods, expectations, perceptions, and intentions to purchase a new fibre-enriched fish product. The study used a randomized design involving an experimental group receiving fibre and health information on the product and a control group who did not receive such information. The results indicated that consumers in the experimental group scored higher on the average attitudes towards functional/enriched foods than did consumers in the control group. No significant differences were observed for other variables. Following a value-attitude-behaviour approach, the study proposed a model relating consumers' health value to their attitudes towards functional/enriched foods, attitudes towards the new functional product and intention to purchase the product, and tested how information affected the structural model. Four of the seven relationships in the structural model proved to be moderated by information. For example, the results indicated that information constrained the association between the health value and product-related health perceptions or hedonic expectations, when individuals had negative attitudes towards the functional/enriched food products. Overall, the study advances the existing literature on the effects of information on consumer behaviour by adding insights into how information simultaneously influenced the mean values and the relationships among the health value, attitudinal factors and intention. PMID:19501752

  17. The Benefit of Orthographic Support for Oral Vocabulary Learning in Children with Down Syndrome

    Mengoni, Sylvana E.; Nash, Hannah; Hulme, Charles


    Children with Down syndrome typically have weaknesses in oral language, but it has been suggested that this domain may benefit from learning to read. Amongst oral language skills, vocabulary is a relative strength, although there is some evidence of difficulties in learning the phonological form of spoken words. This study investigated the effect…

  18. Church Member Support Benefits Psychological Well-Being of Pregnant African American Women.

    Giurgescu, Carmen; Murn, Nicole L


    Depression during pregnancy is common, and pregnant African American (AA) women are more likely to experience depressive symptoms compared with pregnant non-Hispanic white women. This study explored AA women's experience of church attendance, church member support, depressive symptoms, and psychological well-being at 15-25 weeks' gestation. Nurses need to be aware of the importance of church support and encourage clergy and church members to be supportive of pregnant women. PMID:27119803

  19. The meaningfulness of participating in support groups for informal caregivers of older adults with dementia: a qualitative systematic review

    Lauritzen, Jette; Bjerrum, Merete; Sørensen, Erik Elgaard;

    Background: Support groups are considered an effective way to care for informal caregivers of older adults with dementia and relieve their feelings of stress and burden. Research shows, that participating in support groups seems to be beneficial for the informal caregivers, but with no significant...... improvements in feelings of stress and burden. It is unclear how support groups can produce a meaningful outcome for the informal caregivers. Aim: To identify the meaningfulness of participating in support groups for informal caregivers of older adults with dementia living in their own home. Method: A...... based on similarity in meaning. These categories were subjected to a meta-synthesis that produced a comprehensive set of synthesized findings. Result: The meta-synthesis produced three synthesized findings: 1. Emotional benefits of peer-based support, 2. Facing the challenges of caregiving, 3. Embracing...

  20. Information Model Translation to Support a Wider Science Community

    Hughes, John S.; Crichton, Daniel; Ritschel, Bernd; Hardman, Sean; Joyner, Ronald


    The Planetary Data System (PDS), NASA's long-term archive for solar system exploration data, has just released PDS4, a modernization of the PDS architecture, data standards, and technical infrastructure. This next generation system positions the PDS to meet the demands of the coming decade, including big data, international cooperation, distributed nodes, and multiple ways of analysing and interpreting data. It also addresses three fundamental project goals: providing more efficient data delivery by data providers to the PDS, enabling a stable, long-term usable planetary science data archive, and enabling services for the data consumer to find, access, and use the data they require in contemporary data formats. The PDS4 information architecture is used to describe all PDS data using a common model. Captured in an ontology modeling tool it supports a hierarchy of data dictionaries built to the ISO/IEC 11179 standard and is designed to increase flexibility, enable complex searches at the product level, and to promote interoperability that facilitates data sharing both nationally and internationally. A PDS4 information architecture design requirement stipulates that the content of the information model must be translatable to external data definition languages such as XML Schema, XMI/XML, and RDF/XML. To support the semantic Web standards we are now in the process of mapping the contents into RDF/XML to support SPARQL capable databases. We are also building a terminological ontology to support virtually unified data retrieval and access. This paper will provide an overview of the PDS4 information architecture focusing on its domain information model and how the translation and mapping are being accomplished.

  1. Information Architecture for Quality Management Support in Hospitals.

    Rocha, Álvaro; Freixo, Jorge


    Quality Management occupies a strategic role in organizations, and the adoption of computer tools within an aligned information architecture facilitates the challenge of making more with less, promoting the development of a competitive edge and sustainability. A formal Information Architecture (IA) lends organizations an enhanced knowledge but, above all, favours management. This simplifies the reinvention of processes, the reformulation of procedures, bridging and the cooperation amongst the multiple actors of an organization. In the present investigation work we planned the IA for the Quality Management System (QMS) of a Hospital, which allowed us to develop and implement the QUALITUS (QUALITUS, name of the computer application developed to support Quality Management in a Hospital Unit) computer application. This solution translated itself in significant gains for the Hospital Unit under study, accelerating the quality management process and reducing the tasks, the number of documents, the information to be filled in and information errors, amongst others. PMID:26306878

  2. An Information System to Support and Monitor Clinical Trial Process

    Daniela Luzi


    Full Text Available The demand of transparency of clinical research results, the need of accelerating the process oftransferring innovation in the daily medical practice as well as assuring patient safety and product efficacymake it necessary to extend the functionality of traditional trial registries. These new systems shouldcombine different functionalities to track the information exchange, support collaborative work, manageregulatory documents and monitor the entire clinical investigation (CIV lifecycle. This is the approachused to develop MEDIS, a Medical Device Information System, described in this paper under theperspective of the business process, and the underlining architecture. Moreover, MEDIS was designed onthe basis of Health Level 7 (HL7 v.3 standards and methodology to make it interoperable with similarregistries, but also to facilitate information exchange between different health information systems.

  3. Postural stability when walking and exposed to lateral oscillatory motion: benefits from hand supports.

    Ayık, Hatice Müjde; Griffin, Michael J


    While walking on a treadmill, 20 subjects experienced lateral oscillations: frequencies from 0.5 to 2 Hz and velocities from 0.05 to 0.16 m s(- 1) rms. Postural stability was indicated by ratings of 'discomfort or difficulty in walking', the movement of the centre of pressure beneath the feet and lateral forces applied to a hand support. Hand support improved postural stability with all frequencies and all velocities of oscillatory motion: the lateral velocity of the centre of pressure reduced by 30-50% when using support throughout motion, by 20-30% when instructed to use the support only when required and by 15% during normal walking without oscillation. Improvements in stability, and the forces applied to the hand support, were independent of support height when used continuously throughout motion. When support was used only when required, subjects preferred to hold it 118-134 cm above the surface supporting the feet. PMID:25331636

  4. Family Support Program Quality and Parent, Family and Child Benefits. Winterberry Press Monograph Series

    Dunst, Carl J.; Trivette, Carol M.; Hamby, Deborah W.


    The belief that adoption of, adherence to, and use of family support principles is associated with better parent, family, and child outcomes has for the most part gone untested but not unchallenged. This monograph investigates the relationship between practitioner adherence to family support principles and parent, family, and child behavior and…

  5. Residents' perceived benefits of heritage and support for tourism development in Pragpur, India

    Chand, Mohinder


    Heritage is an important part of the international tourism market. As with any resource, sustainable management practices are required to maintain the long-term value of heritage assets. It is claimed that sustainable heritage tourism provides quality experiences for the tourists while protecting the environment and improving the quality of life for local residents. Yet, irrespective of how tourism is introduced and developed in a community, residents' perceptions of heritage tourism benefits...

  6. Information visualization in a distributed virtual decision support environment

    Blocher, Timothy W.


    The visualization of and interaction with decision quality information is critical for effective decision makers in today's data rich environments. The generation and presentation of intuitively meaningful decision support information is the challenge. In order to investigate various visualization approaches to improve the timeliness and quality of Commander decisions, a robust, distributed virtual simulation environment, based on AFRL's Global Awareness Virtual Testbed (GAVTB), is being developed to represent an Air Operations Center (AOC) environment. The powerful Jview visualization technology is employed to efficiently and effectively utilize the simulation products to experiment with various decision quality representations and interactions required by military commanders.

  7. Total smoking bans in psychiatric inpatient services: a survey of perceived benefits, barriers and support among staff

    Knight Jenny


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The introduction of total smoking bans represents an important step in addressing the smoking and physical health of people with mental illness. Despite evidence indicating the importance of staff support in the successful implementation of smoking bans, limited research has examined levels of staff support prior to the implementation of a ban in psychiatric settings, or factors that are associated with such support. This study aimed to examine the views of psychiatric inpatient hospital staff regarding the perceived benefits of and barriers to implementation of a successful total smoking ban in mental health services. Secondly, to examine the level of support among clinical and non-clinical staff for a total smoking ban. Thirdly, to examine the association between the benefits and barriers perceived by clinicians and their support for a total smoking ban in their unit. Methods Cross-sectional survey of both clinical and non-clinical staff in a large inpatient psychiatric hospital immediately prior to the implementation of a total smoking ban. Results Of the 300 staff, 183 (61% responded. Seventy-three (41% of total respondents were clinical staff, and 110 (92% were non-clinical staff. More than two-thirds of staff agreed that a smoking ban would improve their work environment and conditions, help staff to stop smoking and improve patients' physical health. The most prevalent clinician perceived barriers to a successful total smoking ban related to fear of patient aggression (89% and patient non-compliance (72%. Two thirds (67% of all staff indicated support for a total smoking ban in mental health facilities generally, and a majority (54% of clinical staff expressed support for a ban within their unit. Clinical staff who believed a smoking ban would help patients to stop smoking were more likely to support a smoking ban in their unit. Conclusions There is a clear need to more effectively communicate to staff the evidence

  8. Collective benefits in traffic during mega events via the use of information technologies

    Xu, Yanyan


    Information technologies today can inform each of us about the best alternatives for shortest paths from origins to destinations, but they do not contain incentives or alternatives that manage the information efficiently to get collective benefits. To obtain such benefits, we need to have not only good estimates of how the traffic is formed but also to have target strategies to reduce enough vehicles from the best possible roads in a feasible way. The opportunity is that during large events the traffic inconveniences in large cities are unusually high, yet temporary, and the entire population may be more willing to adopt collective recommendations for social good. In this paper, we integrate for the first time big data resources to quantify the impact of events and propose target strategies for collective good at urban scale. In the context of the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, we first predict the expected increase in traffic. To that end, we integrate data from: mobile phones, Airbnb, Waze, and transit in...

  9. The individualization of the employment relations on-line: the benefits and limitations of information technologies

    Bondarouk, Tanya; Riemsdijk, van Maarten


    One of the latest tendencies in the organisational change theory and practice is implementing e- ideas: e-business, e-commerce, e-library, e-learning, and since not long ago – e-HRM. Software engineers design information technologies (IT) to support HR processes, marketing specialists insist that th

  10. Balancing radiation benefits and risks: The needs of an informed public

    The American public's perceptions regarding ionizing radiation do not always conform to or correlate with scientific evidence. The ultimate purpose of this coordinated Federal effort and report is to increase the public's knowledge of the benefits and risks associated with ionizing radiation. This report is divided into five sections. The first section, Introduction, discusses the public's knowledge of radiation, their perceptions of benefits versus risks, and the Federal government's role in public education. The section also outlines the charge to the Subpanel. Radiation Issues and Public Reactions discusses several radiation issues important to Federal agencies for which public education programs need to be established or enhanced. Federal Programs describes Federal agencies with public education programs on radiation and the nature of the programs they support. Education Issues and Federal Strategies explores the elements identified by the Subpanel as critical to the development and implementation of an effective Federal program in the area of public education on radiation issues and nuclear technologies. An important issue repeatedly brought up during the public sector presentations to the Subpanel was the perceived lack of Federal credibility on radiation issues in the eyes of the public. To some degree, this concern was factored into all of the recommendations developed by the subpanel. The issues discussed in this section include the fragmented nature of Federal radiation programs and the need to improve credibility, promote agency responsiveness, and support the enhancement of scientific literacy. Finally, under Recommendations, the Subpanel discusses its overall findings and conclusions

  11. Information management to enable personalized medicine: stakeholder roles in building clinical decision support

    Brinner Kristin M


    addition, to represent meaningful benefits to personalized decision-making, a comparison of current and future applications of clinical decision support to enable individualized medical treatment plans is presented. If clinical decision support tools are to impact outcomes in a clear and positive manner, their development and deployment must therefore consider the needs of the providers, including specific practice needs, information workflow, and practice environment.

  12. Heavy water production benefits of a supporting r and d program

    Considerable economic benefit was obtained from an active R and D program while the Canadian heavy water plants were brought to mature operation during the 1970s. The introduction to Canada of this new chemical processing industry led to unexpected process, equipment and materials problems. Having a small team of technical experts already working on heavy water processes and a much larger R and D team working in related fields allowed a rapid response to the problems that limited production. The number of engineers and scientists working on the GS process rose rapidly from a skeleton team in 1970 to 54 during 1974. Effort declined steadily as the major problems were solved and reached 22 by 1980. Cumulative effort over the decade was 264 man-years at a cost of 3.3 percent of the value of the heavy water produced. The new production benefits have lagged behind the R and D expenditure by a few years and the current spending rate is 1.2 percent of product value. Important contributions were made in the areas of process simulation, process chemistry, materials of construction, sieve trays, and mechanical equipment

  13. The benefits of respectful interactions: fluid alliancing and inter-occupational information sharing in primary care.

    DiCicco-Bloom, Barbara; DiCicco-Bloom, Benjamin


    Though inter-occupational interactions in health care have been the focus of increasing attention, we still know little about how such interactions shape information sharing in clinical settings. This is particularly true in primary care where research on teams and collaboration has been based on individual perceptions of work (using surveys and interviews) rather than observing the interactions that directly mediate the inter-occupational flow of information. To explore how interactions shape information sharing, we conducted a secondary analysis of ethnographic data from 27 primary care practices. Ease of information sharing among nurses and doctors is linked to the degree to which practices feature respectful interactions, with practices in the sample falling into one of three categories (those with low, uneven, and high degrees of respectful interactions). Those practices with the highest degree of respectful interactions demonstrate what we describe as fluid-alliancing: flexible interactions between individuals from different occupational groups in which bidirectional information sharing occurs for the benefit of patients and the efficacy of the practice community. We conclude by arguing that this process unlocks the strengths of all practice members, and that leadership should encourage respectful interactions to augment organisational efficacy and the ability of individual practice members to provide quality patient care. PMID:27363598

  14. Exploring nurse preceptors’ perceptions of benefits and support of and commitment to the preceptor role in the Western Cape Province

    Inez S. Cloete


    Full Text Available Background: A preceptor is a specialised tutor who provides practical training to students in the practice setting. They are frequently used to orientate nursing students to prepare them for their duties as professional nurses. In the Western Cape Province professional nurses attend a training programme to prepare them for the role of preceptor. After completion of the training it is unclear how the trained nurse preceptors perceive their preparation for the role. The perceptions of preceptors may influence their commitment to their role. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore nurse preceptors’ perceptions of benefits, support and commitment to the preceptor role. A conceptual framework guided the study which replicated previous studies that explored nurse preceptors’ perceptions. Method: A quantitative approach utilising a descriptive correlational design was used in this study to address the research questions. A convenience sample was drawn from preceptors (n = 60 who had completed a preceptor training programme at the University of the Western Cape. Instrumentation for the study included the following scales: preceptors’ perceptions of benefits and rewards, preceptors’ perceptions of support, and commitment to the preceptor role. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 20.0. Results: The findings indicate that nurse preceptors were committed to their role. Conclusion: The findings of this study are supported by Kanter’s model of structural determinants of behaviour in organisations, since preceptors who see themselves as having access to opportunity and support are likely to be committed to their role.

  15. Construction and evaluation of IS-BoardII to support information sharing for information education

    Uetake, Tomofumi; Shinozawa, Yoshihisa


    Recently, by the advance of information technology, many universities come to have the information literacy education classes for freshmen. In such classes, students have various questions, because they need to learn and acquire a wide range of knowledge on the computer. Assistances for information education (e.g. arranging a teaching assistant (TA), Q&A by e-mail, e-learning systems) are done, but instructor's load is large and these supports are not enough for students. So the system which ...

  16. The benefits of social support for mentally ill offenders: prison-to-community transitions.

    Jacoby, J E; Kozie-Peak, B


    This paper provides results of a longitudinal study of 27 mentally ill prison inmates who were released from Ohio state prisons in 1994-1996. The object of this paper is to test the hypothesis that subjects who receive better social support will experience more positive social adjustment, higher quality of life, and lower recidivism. Subjects, identified by prison staff, were interviewed and given independent psychological evaluations shortly before their release. They were then interviewed repeatedly during the first year after their release from prison about many aspects of social adjustment. Social support, provided both in and after release from prison, was associated with higher quality of life after release from prison. Social support provided in either context, however, was not significantly related to criminal recidivism or psychiatric hospitalization after release from prison. PMID:9433750

  17. What Type of Support Do They Need? Investigating Student Adjustment as Related to Emotional, Informational, Appraisal, and Instrumental Support.

    Malecki, Christine Kerres; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick


    Examined specific types of support students perceive from their sources of support; and whether some support sources were more related to students' social, behavioral, and academic outcomes. Results found girls perceive more support of most types from classmates and friends; emotional and informational support were most highly reported support…

  18. The meaningfulness of participating in support groups for informal caregivers of older adults with dementia: a systematic review

    Lauritzen, Jette; Pedersen, Preben Ulrich; Sørensen, Erik Elgaard;


    Background Informal caregivers who perform at-home care of older people with dementia might have feelings of a meaningless existence, burden, anxiety, stress and fatigue. Support groups are considered an especially effective and economical way to relieve informal caregivers’ stress and burden...... informal caregivers' perceptions of the meaningfulness associated with participating in support groups. Beliefs, benefits, rewards and attitudes related to a caregiver's experiences as a participant in support groups and in the role as caregiver. The perception by informal caregivers of participating in...... support groups as a way to release stress. Search strategy The search aimed at finding published and unpublished studies in English, German, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian, and was unrestricted by time. Eleven electronic databases and eleven websites were searched. Methodological quality Methodological...

  19. A proposed clinical decision support architecture capable of supporting whole genome sequence information.

    Welch, Brandon M; Loya, Salvador Rodriguez; Eilbeck, Karen; Kawamoto, Kensaku


    Whole genome sequence (WGS) information may soon be widely available to help clinicians personalize the care and treatment of patients. However, considerable barriers exist, which may hinder the effective utilization of WGS information in a routine clinical care setting. Clinical decision support (CDS) offers a potential solution to overcome such barriers and to facilitate the effective use of WGS information in the clinic. However, genomic information is complex and will require significant considerations when developing CDS capabilities. As such, this manuscript lays out a conceptual framework for a CDS architecture designed to deliver WGS-guided CDS within the clinical workflow. To handle the complexity and breadth of WGS information, the proposed CDS framework leverages service-oriented capabilities and orchestrates the interaction of several independently-managed components. These independently-managed components include the genome variant knowledge base, the genome database, the CDS knowledge base, a CDS controller and the electronic health record (EHR). A key design feature is that genome data can be stored separately from the EHR. This paper describes in detail: (1) each component of the architecture; (2) the interaction of the components; and (3) how the architecture attempts to overcome the challenges associated with WGS information. We believe that service-oriented CDS capabilities will be essential to using WGS information for personalized medicine. PMID:25411644

  20. Clinical decision support for perioperative information management systems.

    Wanderer, Jonathan P; Ehrenfeld, Jesse M


    Clinical decision support (CDS) systems are being used to optimize the increasingly complex care that our health care system delivers. These systems have become increasingly important in the delivery of perioperative care for patients undergoing cardiac, thoracic, and vascular procedures. The adoption of perioperative information management systems (PIMS) has allowed these technologies to enter the operating room and support the clinical work flow of anesthesiologists and operational processes. Constructing effective CDS systems necessitates an understanding of operative work flow and technical considerations as well as achieving integration with existing information systems. In this review, we describe published examples of CDS for PIMS, including support for cardiopulmonary bypass separation physiological alarms, β-blocker guideline adherence, enhanced revenue capture for arterial line placement, and detection of hemodynamic monitoring gaps. Although these and other areas are amenable to CDS systems, the challenges of latency and data reliability represent fundamental limitations on the potential application of these tools to specific types of clinical issues. Ultimately, we expect that CDS will remain an important tool in our efforts to optimize the quality of care delivered. PMID:23690340

  1. Benefits of family reunions : Social support in secondary greylag goose families

    Scheiber, Isabella B. R.; Kotrschal, Kurt; Weiss, Brigitte M.


    Social interactions are among the most potent stressors. However, social allies may diminish stress, increase success in agonistic encounters and ease access to resources. We studied the role of social support as a major mechanism for individual stress management in families of free-ranging greylag

  2. Cost risk benefit analysis to support chemoprophylaxis policy for travellers to malaria endemic countries

    Coutinho Francisco AB


    Full Text Available Abstract Background In a number of malaria endemic regions, tourists and travellers face a declining risk of travel associated malaria, in part due to successful malaria control. Many millions of visitors to these regions are recommended, via national and international policy, to use chemoprophylaxis which has a well recognized morbidity profile. To evaluate whether current malaria chemo-prophylactic policy for travellers is cost effective when adjusted for endemic transmission risk and duration of exposure. a framework, based on partial cost-benefit analysis was used Methods Using a three component model combining a probability component, a cost component and a malaria risk component, the study estimated health costs avoided through use of chemoprophylaxis and costs of disease prevention (including adverse events and pre-travel advice for visits to five popular high and low malaria endemic regions and malaria transmission risk using imported malaria cases and numbers of travellers to malarious countries. By calculating the minimal threshold malaria risk below which the economic costs of chemoprophylaxis are greater than the avoided health costs we were able to identify the point at which chemoprophylaxis would be economically rational. Results The threshold incidence at which malaria chemoprophylaxis policy becomes cost effective for UK travellers is an accumulated risk of 1.13% assuming a given set of cost parameters. The period a travellers need to remain exposed to achieve this accumulated risk varied from 30 to more than 365 days, depending on the regions intensity of malaria transmission. Conclusions The cost-benefit analysis identified that chemoprophylaxis use was not a cost-effective policy for travellers to Thailand or the Amazon region of Brazil, but was cost-effective for travel to West Africa and for those staying longer than 45 days in India and Indonesia.

  3. Barriers and facilitators for male carers in accessing formal and informal support: A systematic review.

    Greenwood, Nan; Smith, Raymond


    Unpaid, informal carers play a vital role in supporting people with long-term conditions. Being a carer can be challenging and carers may need support but they frequently fail to access it. Compared to research investigating the experiences of female carers, research with male carers is underdeveloped. The available evidence suggests male and female carers have many experiences in common but some research suggests that compared to females, male carers are even less likely to access services. The aim of this systematic review was therefore to synthesise research investigating adult male carers' experiences of accessing formal and informal support focussing on the barriers and facilitators. Nine health and social care electronic databases were searched (e.g. PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL Plus, Social Policy and Practice, Scopus). Seven studies (five qualitative and two quantitative) fitting the inclusion criteria were identified. All came from North America and most focussed on older carers caring for people with dementia. All seven studies described barriers to accessing support and three highlighted facilitators. Male carers felt committed to their role, seeing it as their responsibility but were often ambivalent about seeking help. Insufficient service information was frequently emphasised. Participants highlighted positive past experiences and professional or voluntary sector support in providing information and helping access services. Research into male carers' experiences in accessing support remains underdeveloped. Research that distinguishes between, for example, the experiences of spouses and sons and with direct comparisons between male and female carers is needed. Whether gender specific services would benefit male carers remains undetermined. PMID:26271710

  4. Information Support of Regions and Possibilities of Its Further Development

    J. Vaněk, M. Stočes, P. Šimek, I. Hrbek


    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of information and communication technologies (ICT research support in the Czech Republic regions, focused mainly on the problems of mapping cultural heritage together with activities in the area of tourism and business activities connected with it (accommodation, food etc. One possible approach is demonstrated on the example of web portal “Get to know Posumavi – a tourist guide to Posumavi”. This approach integrates the advantages of standard information sources with the Internet application. Moreover, this application provides a clear topographical output. The project is being prepared in co-operation with a chosen local partner, in our case the Posumavi local action group. The under-mentioned solution can be further extended if need be, but we can also understand it as a general-purpose solution which means it can be widely used in other areas of the information support of regions.The knowledge and data presented in the paper were obtained as a result of the Research Program titled “Economy of the Czech Agriculture Resources and Their Efficient Use within the Framework of the Multifunctional Agri-food Systems” of the Czech Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports number VZ MSM 6046070906.

  5. Benefits and limitations of using decision analytic tools to assess uncertainty and prioritize Landscape Conservation Cooperative information needs

    Post van der Burg, Max; Cullinane Thomas, Catherine; Holcombe, Tracy R.; Nelson, Richard D.


    The Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) are a network of partnerships throughout North America that are tasked with integrating science and management to support more effective delivery of conservation at a landscape scale. In order to achieve this integration, some LCCs have adopted the approach of providing their partners with better scientific information in an effort to facilitate more effective and coordinated conservation decisions. Taking this approach has led many LCCs to begin funding research to provide the information for improved decision making. To ensure that funding goes to research projects with the highest likelihood of leading to more integrated broad scale conservation, some LCCs have also developed approaches for prioritizing which information needs will be of most benefit to their partnerships. We describe two case studies in which decision analytic tools were used to quantitatively assess the relative importance of information for decisions made by partners in the Plains and Prairie Potholes LCC. The results of the case studies point toward a few valuable lessons in terms of using these tools with LCCs. Decision analytic tools tend to help shift focus away from research oriented discussions and toward discussions about how information is used in making better decisions. However, many technical experts do not have enough knowledge about decision making contexts to fully inform the latter type of discussion. When assessed in the right decision context, however, decision analyses can point out where uncertainties actually affect optimal decisions and where they do not. This helps technical experts understand that not all research is valuable in improving decision making. But perhaps most importantly, our results suggest that decision analytic tools may be more useful for LCCs as way of developing integrated objectives for coordinating partner decisions across the landscape, rather than simply ranking research priorities.

  6. Fuzzy - Expert System for Cost Benefit Analysis of Enterprise Information Systems: A Framework

    Faith –Michael E. Uzoka


    Full Text Available Enterprise Information Systems (EIS are collections of hardware, software, data, people and procedures that work together to manage organizational information resources, ultimately enhancing decision making, and strategic advantage. One of the key issues in the acquisition and utilization of EIS is the determination of the value of investment in such systems. Traditional capital budgeting models such as NPV, IRR, payback period, and profitability index focus mainly on quantifiable variables. However, there are many intangible variables that make the use of entirely quantitative measures incomplete and less inclusive. The high level of impact of information systems (IS on the entire organizational strategy and the information intensity of IS makes the use of such traditional methods less practicable. Attempts have been made to overcome these shortcomings by utilizing other techniques such as the real options model, goal programming model, knowledge value model and intelligent techniques. This paper proposes the adoption of a hybrid intelligent technique (fuzzy-expert system in carrying out a cost benefit analysis of EIS investment. The study takes high cognizance of intangible variables and vagueness / imprecision in human group decision making that requires a good level of consensus.

  7. Non-Insurance Social Benefits as a Form of Support for Foster Families

    MAROUSKOVÁ, Martina


    Foster care is personal care for a child provided by a third person; it is one of the types of substitute family care that the Czech government funds, manages, brokers and monitors. The purpose of foster care is to provide a child with care in a natural family environment with nurturing relationships. Foster care provides material support for the child and reimbursement for those providing care for the child. The government accepted a legislative reform of foster care, effective January 1, 20...

  8. Support information for slips, trips and falls from height offshore

    This document contains support information for the Slips, Trips and Falls from Height Offshore Final Report produced by BOMEL for the Health and Safety Executive's Offshore Division (BOMEL Reference C919/05/171R Rev B). The project was requested in response to a concern that slips, trips and falls from height (STFS) consistently account for a significant proportion of all accidents offshore. The work has provided a detailed understanding of the factors which influence the likelihood of STFs and presents a strategy to reduce such accidents offshore. An important part of the strategy is guidance to enable a practical assessment of STF risk. (author)

  9. Information support systems for cultural heritage protection against flood

    Nedvědová, Klára; Pergl, R.

    Vol. XL-5/W7. Göttingen: Copernicus Publications, 2015 - (Yen, Y.; Weng, K.; Cheng, H.), s. 343-346 ISSN 2194-9034. [International CIPA Symposium /25./. Taipei (TW), 31.08.2015-04.09.2015] R&D Projects: GA MK(CZ) DF11P01OVV009 Keywords : cultural heritage * flooding * information support systems * flood protection planning * vulnerability assessment * open-source software * process modeling Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  10. Information support systems for cultural heritage protection against flooding

    Nedvedova, K.; Pergl, R.


    The goal of this paper is to present use of different kind of software applications to create complex support system for protection of cultural heritage against flooding. The project is very complex and it tries to cover the whole area of the problem from prevention to liquidation of aftermath effects. We used GIS for mapping the risk areas, ontology systems for vulnerability assessment application and the BORM method (Business Object Relation Modelling) for flood protection system planning guide. Those modern technologies helped us to gather a lot of information in one place and provide the knowledge to the broad audience.

  11. Translating Knowledge into Action: Supporting Adaptation in Australia's Coastal Zone through Information Provision and Decision Support

    Palutikof, J. P.; Rissik, D.; Tonmoy, F. N.; Boulter, S.


    Adaptation to risks from climate change and sea-level rise is particularly important in Australia, where 70% of the population live in major coastal cities and 85% within 50km of the coast. Adaptation activity focuses at local government level and, in the absence of strong leadership from central government, the extent to which local councils have taken action to adapt is highly variable across the nation. Also, although a number of councils have proceeded as far as identifying their exposure to risk and considering adaptation options, this fails to translate into action. A principal reason for this is concern over the response from coastal residents to actions which may affect property values, and fear of litigation. A project is underway to support councils to understand their risks, evaluate adaptation options and proceed to action. This support will consist of a three-pronged framework: provision of information, a tool to support decision-making, and a community forum. Delivery involves research to understand the barriers to adaptation and how these may be overcome, optimal methods for delivery of information, and the information needs of organizations, action-takers and communities. The presentation will focus on the results of consultation undertaken to understand users' information needs around content and delivery, and how understanding of these needs has translated into design of the framework. A strongly preference was expressed to learn from peers, and a challenge for the framework is to understand how to inject adaptation knowledge which is up-to-date and accurate into peer-to-peer conversations. The community forum is one mechanism to achieve this. The basic structure and delivery mechanisms of the framework are shown in the attached.

  12. A multiple decision support metrics method for effective risk-informed asset management

    The objective of this paper is to provide electric utilities with a concept for developing and applying effective decision support metrics via integrated risk-informed asset management (RIAM) programs for power stations and generating companies. RIAM is a process by which analysts review historical performance and develop predictive logic models and data analyses to predict critical decision support figures-of-merit (or metrics) for generating station managers and electric utility company executives. These metrics include, but are not limited to, the following: profitability, net benefit, benefit-to-cost ratio, projected return on investment, projected revenue, projected costs, asset value, safety (catastrophic facility damage frequency and consequences, etc.), power production availability (capacity factor, etc.), efficiency (heat rate), and others. RIAM applies probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) techniques and generates predictions in a probabilistic way so that metrics information can be supplied to managers in terms of probability distributions as well as point estimates. This enables the managers to apply the concept of 'confidence levels' in their critical decision-making processes. (authors)

  13. Practical application of decision support metrics for power plant risk-informed asset management

    The objective of this paper is to provide electric utilities with a concept for developing and applying effective decision support metrics via integrated risk-informed asset management (RIAM) programs for power stations and generating companies. RIAM is a process by which analysts review historical performance and develop predictive logic models and data analyses to predict critical decision support figures-of-merit (or metrics) for generating station managers and electric utility company executives. These metrics include, but are not limited to, the following; profitability, net benefit, benefit-to-cost ratio, projected return on investment, projected revenue, projected costs, asset value, safety (catastrophic facility damage frequency and consequences, etc.), power production availability (capacity factor, etc.), efficiency (heat rate), and others. RIAM applies probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) techniques and generates predictions probabilistically so that metrics information can be supplied to managers in terms of probability distributions as well as point estimates. This enables the managers to apply the concept of 'confidence levels' in their critical decision-making processes. (author)

  14. Building a knowledge translation platform in Malawi to support evidence-informed health policy.

    Berman, Joshua; Mitambo, Collins; Matanje-Mwagomba, Beatrice; Khan, Shiraz; Kachimanga, Chiyembekezo; Wroe, Emily; Mwape, Lonia; van Oosterhout, Joep J; Chindebvu, Getrude; van Schoor, Vanessa; Puchalski Ritchie, Lisa M; Panisset, Ulysses; Kathyola, Damson


    With the support of the World Health Organization's Evidence-Informed Policy Network, knowledge translation platforms have been developed throughout Africa, the Americas, Eastern Europe, and Asia to further evidence-informed national health policy. In this commentary, we discuss the approaches, activities and early lessons learned from the development of a Knowledge Translation Platform in Malawi (KTPMalawi). Through ongoing leadership, as well as financial and administrative support, the Malawi Ministry of Health has strongly signalled its intention to utilize a knowledge translation platform methodology to support evidence-informed national health policy. A unique partnership between Dignitas International, a medical and research non-governmental organization, and the Malawi Ministry of Health, has established KTPMalawi to engage national-level policymakers, researchers and implementers in a coordinated approach to the generation and utilization of health-sector research. Utilizing a methodology developed and tested by knowledge translation platforms across Africa, a stakeholder mapping exercise and initial capacity building workshops were undertaken and a multidisciplinary Steering Committee was formed. This Steering Committee prioritized the development of two initial Communities of Practice to (1) improve data utilization in the pharmaceutical supply chain and (2) improve the screening and treatment of hypertension within HIV-infected populations. Each Community of Practice's mandate is to gather and synthesize the best available global and local evidence and produce evidence briefs for policy that have been used as the primary input into structured deliberative dialogues. While a lack of sustained initial funding slowed its early development, KTPMalawi has greatly benefited from extensive technical support and mentorship by an existing network of global knowledge translation platforms. With the continued support of the Malawi Ministry of Health and the

  15. Obtaining Knowledge for Innovation: Benefits and Harms of Procedures for Managing Information Security

    José Geraldo Pereira Barbosa


    Full Text Available The research reported in this article aims to describe how the processes of information security used in a manufacturing and packaging paper company influenced the attainment of knowledge on two innovations. The study was conducted through field research, using interviews, narratives, direct observation and thematic analysis for data collection and data processing. The research started from the assumption that even considering the importance of managing information security and its benefits to an organization, the processes of logical security, and physical access controls, would undermine the process of obtaining and transference of knowledge required by innovations. It was observed the presence of five instruments of physical and logical security: "confidentiality", "general control of protection", "antivirus", "backups" and "facility security procedures" which did not interfere negatively in obtaining knowledge. The single barrier identified for the transfer of knowledge was the lack of absorptive capacity of knowledge workers. Therefore, the case describes a situation where a clearly and consistent information security policy allowed the obtaining and transferring of knowledge necessary for innovation. In other words, the assumption of the research was rejected by the findings.

  16. A decision support tool to determine cost-to-benefit of a family-centered in-home program for at-risk adolescents.

    Wilson, Fernando A; Araz, Ozgur M; Thompson, Ronald W; Ringle, Jay L; Mason, W Alex; Stimpson, Jim P


    Family-centered program research has demonstrated its effectiveness in improving adolescent outcomes. However, given current fiscal constraints faced by governmental agencies, a recent report from the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council highlighted the need for cost-benefit analyses to inform decision making by policymakers. Furthermore, performance management tools such as balanced scorecards and dashboards do not generally include cost-benefit analyses. In this paper, we describe the development of an Excel-based decision support tool that can be used to evaluate a selected family-based program for at-risk children and adolescents relative to a comparison program or the status quo. This tool incorporates the use of an efficient, user-friendly interface with results provided in concise tabular and graphical formats that may be interpreted without need for substantial training in economic evaluation. To illustrate, we present an application of this tool to evaluate use of Boys Town's In-Home Family Services (IHFS) relative to detention and out-of-home placement in New York City. Use of the decision support tool can help mitigate the need for programs to contract experts in economic evaluation, especially when there are financial or time constraints. PMID:27031834

  17. NOAA Climate Information and Tools for Decision Support Services

    Timofeyeva, M. M.; Higgins, W.; Strager, C.; Horsfall, F. M.


    NOAA is an active participant of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) contributing data, information, analytical capabilities, forecasts, and decision support services to the Climate Services Partnership (CSP). These contributions emerge from NOAA's own climate services, which have evolved to respond to the urgent and growing need for reliable, trusted, transparent, and timely climate information across all sectors of the U.S. economy. Climate services not only enhance development opportunities in many regions, but also reduce vulnerability to climate change around the world. The NOAA contribution lies within the NOAA Climate Goal mission, which is focusing its efforts on four key climate priority areas: water, extremes, coastal inundation, and marine ecosystems. In order to make progress in these areas, NOAA is exploiting its fundamental capabilities, including foundational research to advance understanding of the Earth system, observations to preserve and build the climate data record and monitor changes in climate conditions, climate models to predict and project future climate across space and time scales, and the development and delivery of decision support services focused on risk management. NOAA's National Weather Services (NWS) is moving toward provision of Decision Support Services (DSS) as a part of the Roadmap on the way to achieving a Weather Ready National (WRN) strategy. Both short-term and long-term weather, water, and climate information are critical for DSS and emergency services and have been integrated into NWS in the form of pilot projects run by National and Regional Operations Centers (NOC and ROCs respectively) as well as several local offices. Local offices with pilot projects have been focusing their efforts on provision of timely and actionable guidance for specific tasks such as DSS in support of Coastal Environments and Integrated Environmental Studies. Climate information in DSS extends the concept of climate services to

  18. Children’s Information Retrieval: how to support children in effective information-seeking?

    Jochmann-Mannak, Hanna; Huibers, Theo; Sanders, Ted


    In this paper, we describe the objectives of our research project in which we aim to design a search interface in ways consistent with children’s needs, cognitive development and thinking style to support children in effective information-seeking.

  19. Evaluation of the Performance of Financial Support for Agriculture in Guizhou Province Using Secondary Relative Benefit Model Based on DEA


    We use the secondary relative benefit model based on DEA to evaluate the performance of agricultural financial expenditure in Guizhou Province, which can give due consideration to the production effectiveness determined by objective natural conditions, and management effectiveness of all regions (as decision-making body) in the use of financial fund for supporting agriculture. In general, there is north-south gradient difference in the performance of financial support for agriculture between regions in Guizhou Province. The drought in 2010 has significant impact on the technical efficiency in the whole province; the performance score of each item in Liupanshui City and Southwest Guizhou is very low; the technical efficiency and management efficiency in most regions need to be improved. In order to improve the performance of financial support for agriculture, we need to ensure the scale of input; at the same time, provide appropriate preferential financial policies for agricultural infrastructure, especially the construction of rural water conservancy, development and promotion of agricultural science and technology, and other fields; adopt the way of special check and acceptance of supporting projects to strengthen the use management of the fund for agriculture.

  20. 77 FR 65703 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Application for Family Unity Benefits, Form I-817...


    ... for Family Unity Benefits, Form I-817, Revision of a Currently Approved Collection ACTION: 60-Day...) Title of the Form/Collection: Application for Family Unity Benefits. (3) Agency form number, if any,...

  1. 76 FR 33029 - Agency Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires-Group 1) Under OMB Review


    ..., VA Form 21-0960M-14. k. Eating Disorders Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21- 0960P-1. l. Mental Disorders (other than PTSD and Eating Disorders) Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960P-2. m. Review Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form...

  2. 76 FR 8846 - Proposed Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires-Group 1) Activity: Comment...


    ... Cancer and Leukemias) Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960O-1. l. Eating Disorders Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21- 0960P-1. m. Mental Disorders (other than PTSD and Eating Disorders) Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960P-2. n. Review Post Traumatic Stress...

  3. Using information technology to support knowledge conversion processes


    Full Text Available One of the main roles of Information Technology in Knowledge Management programs is to accelerate the speed of knowledge transfer and creation. The Knowledge Management tools intend to help the processes of collecting and organizing the knowledge of groups of individuals in order to make this knowledge available in a shared base. Due to the largeness of the concept of knowledge, the software market for Knowledge Management seems to be quite confusing. Technology vendors are developing different implementations of the Knowledge Management concepts in their software products. Because of the variety and quantity of Knowledge Management tools available on the market, a typology may be a valuable aid to organizations that are looking for answers to specific needs. The objective of this article is to present guidelines that help to design such a typology. Knowledge Management solutions such as intranet systems, Electronic Document Management (EDM, groupware, workflow, artificial intelligence-based systems, Business Intelligence (BI, knowledge map systems, innovation support, competitive intelligence tools and knowledge portals are discussed in terms of their potential contributions to the processes of creating, registering and sharing knowledge. A number of Knowledge Management tools (Lotus Notes, Microsoft Exchange, Business Objects, Aris Toolset, File Net, Gingo, Vigipro, Sopheon have been checked. The potential of each category of solutions to support the transfer of tacit and/or explicit knowledge and to facilitate the knowledge conversion spiral in the sense of Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995 is discussed.

  4. Formal and Informal Support Systems for Single Women and Single Mothers in Malaysia

    Endut Noraida; Azmawati Azman Azwan; Mohd Hashim Intan Hashimah


    The aim of this paper is to explore how formal and informal supports were being experienced by single women and single mothers in Malaysia. Closely examining formal and informal support systems reported by single mothers and single women in Malaysia, participants generally reported good and were mainly satisfied with their informal support system. Informal support system comprised of mostly family members and friends. However, formal support system was still lacking and both single women and ...

  5. Information technology in pharmacovigilance: Benefits, challenges, and future directions from industry perspectives

    Zhengwu Lu


    Full Text Available Zhengwu LuClinical Research Department, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USAAbstract: Risk assessment during clinical product development needs to be conducted in a thorough and rigorous manner. However, it is impossible to identify all safety concerns during controlled clinical trials. Once a product is marketed, there is generally a large increase in the number of patients exposed, including those with comorbid conditions and those being treated with concomitant medications. Therefore, postmarketing safety data collection and clinical risk assessment based on observational data are critical for evaluating and characterizing a product’s risk profile and for making informed decisions on risk minimization. Information science promises to deliver effective e-clinical or e-health solutions to realize several core benefits: time savings, high quality, cost reductions, and increased efficiencies with safer and more efficacious medicines. The development and use of standard-based pharmacovigilance system with integration connection to electronic medical records, electronic health records, and clinical data management system holds promise as a tool for enabling early drug safety detections, data mining, results interpretation, assisting in safety decision making, and clinical collaborations among clinical partners or different functional groups. The availability of a publicly accessible global safety database updated on a frequent basis would further enhance detection and communication about safety issues. Due to recent high-profile drug safety problems, the pharmaceutical industry is faced with greater regulatory enforcement and increased accountability demands for the protection and welfare of patients. This changing climate requires biopharmaceutical companies to take a more proactive approach in dealing with drug safety and pharmacovigilance.Keywords: information technology, pharmacovigilance, safety, standard, risk management, adverse event

  6. Disclosure of intimate partner violence to informal social support network members: a review of the literature.

    Sylaska, Kateryna M; Edwards, Katie M


    This article presents a review of the published literature to date on rates, experiences, and correlates of victims' disclosure of or help seeking for intimate partner violence to informal social support network members (e.g., friends, family, classmates, and coworkers). Research indicates that the majority of individuals disclose to at least one informal support and that victims' disclosure is associated with a number of demographic (e.g., victims' sex, age, race), intrapersonal (e.g., victims' feelings of shame/embarrassment, perception of control over abuse), and situational (e.g., violence frequency and severity, if abuse is witnessed) factors. Following disclosure, victims experience a wide range of positive (e.g., believing the victim's reports, validating the victim's experiences) and negative (e.g. disbelieving, blaming the victim) social reactions, with positive reactions rated as the most common and most helpful forms of support by victims. Finally, a review of psychological correlates associated with reactions to disclosure indicates that positive social reactions are associated with more psychological health benefits and fewer negative health symptoms, whereas negative social reactions were associated with increased negative psychological health symptoms. Future research methodologies and implications for violence prevention, intervention, and policy are discussed. PMID:23887351

  7. ADB Brief 23: Using Information and Communication Technology to Support Women’s Entrepreneurship in Central and West Asia

    Asian Development Bank (ADB)


    This brief gives an overview of women’s entrepreneurship in the region, and describes (i) how information and communication technology (ICT) can be used to support business activity and overcome challenges specific to women, (ii) the barriers preventing women from enjoying the full benefits associated with ICT, and (iii) the methodology used for the regional study. Finally, it summarizes the study’s strategic recommendations for ADB and other stakeholders.

  8. With good intentions: complexity in unsolicited informal support for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. A qualitative study

    Aspin Clive


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Understanding people's social lived experiences of chronic illness is fundamental to improving health service delivery and health outcomes, particularly in relation to self-management activity. In explorations of social lived experiences this paper uncovers the ways in which Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with chronic illness experience informal unsolicited support from peers and family members. Methods Nineteen Aboriginal and Torres Islander participants were interviewed in the Serious and Continuing Illness Policy and Practice Study (SCIPPS. Participants were people with Type 2 diabetes (N = 17, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (N = 3 and/or chronic heart failure (N = 11 and family carers (N = 3. Participants were asked to describe their experience of having or caring for someone with chronic illness. Content and thematic analysis of in-depth semi-structured interviews was undertaken, assisted by QSR Nvivo8 software. Results Participants reported receiving several forms of unsolicited support, including encouragement, practical suggestions for managing, nagging, growling, and surveillance. Additionally, participants had engaged in 'yarning', creating a 'yarn' space, the function of which was distinguished as another important form of unsolicited support. The implications of recognising these various support forms are discussed in relation to responses to unsolicited support as well as the needs of family carers in providing effective informal support. Conclusions Certain locations of responsibility are anxiety producing. Family carers must be supported in appropriate education so that they can provide both solicited and unsolicited support in effective ways. Such educational support would have the added benefit of helping to reduce carer anxieties about caring roles and responsibilities. Mainstream health services would benefit from fostering environments that encourage informal interactions that

  9. Depression and Anxiety During Pregnancy: Evaluating the Literature in Support of Clinical Risk-Benefit Decision-Making.

    Dalke, Katharine Baratz; Wenzel, Amy; Kim, Deborah R


    Depression and anxiety during pregnancy are common, and patients and providers are faced with complex decisions regarding various treatment modalities. A structured discussion of the risks and benefits of options with the patient and her support team is recommended to facilitate the decision-making process. This clinically focused review, with emphasis on the last 3 years of published study data, evaluates the major risk categories of medication treatments, namely pregnancy loss, physical malformations, growth impairment, behavioral teratogenicity, and neonatal toxicity. Nonpharmacological treatment options, including neuromodulation and psychotherapy, are also briefly reviewed. Specific recommendations, drawn from the literature and the authors' clinical experience, are also offered to help guide the clinician in decision-making. PMID:27091646

  10. An Integrated Information System for Supporting Quality Management Tasks

    Beyer, N.; Helmreich, W.


    In a competitive environment, well defined processes become the strategic advantage of a company. Hence, targeted Quality Management ensures efficiency, trans- parency and, ultimately, customer satisfaction. In the particular context of a Space Test Centre, a num- ber of specific Quality Management standards have to be applied. According to the revision of ISO 9001 dur- ing 2000, and due to the adaptation of ECSS-Q20-07, process orientation and data analysis are key tasks for ensuring and evaluating the efficiency of a company's processes. In line with these requirements, an integrated management system for accessing the necessary infor- mation to support Quality Management and other proc- esses has been established. Some of its test-related fea- tures are presented here. Easy access to the integrated management system from any work place at IABG's Space Test Centre is ensured by means of an intranet portal. It comprises a full set of quality-related process descriptions, information on test facilities, emergency procedures, and other relevant in- formation. The portal's web interface provides direct access to a couple of external applications. Moreover, easy updating of all information and low cost mainte- nance are features of this integrated information system. The timely and transparent management of non- conformances is covered by a dedicated NCR database which incorporates full documentation capability, elec- tronic signature and e-mail notification of concerned staff. A search interface allows for queries across all documented non-conformances. Furthermore, print ver- sions can be generated at any stage in the process, e.g. for distribution to customers. Feedback on customer satisfaction is sought through a web-based questionnaire. The process is initiated by the responsible test manager through submission of an e- mail that contains a hyperlink to a secure website, ask- ing the customer to complete the brief online form, which is directly fed to a database