Shi, Cao; Xiao, Jianguo; Xu, Canhui; Jia, Wenhua
A framework is proposed in this paper to effectively and efficiently beautify handwriting by means of a novel nonlinear and non-Gaussian Bayesian algorithm. In the proposed framework, format and size of handwriting image are firstly normalized, and then typeface in computer system is applied to optimize vision effect of handwriting. The Bayesian statistics is exploited to characterize the handwriting beautification process as a Bayesian dynamic model. The model parameters to translate, rotate and scale typeface in computer system are controlled by state equation, and the matching optimization between handwriting and transformed typeface is employed by measurement equation. Finally, the new typeface, which is transformed from the original one and gains the best nonlinear and non-Gaussian optimization, is the beautification result of handwriting. Experimental results demonstrate the proposed framework provides a creative handwriting beautification methodology to improve visual acceptance.
Liang, Lingyu; Jin, Lianwen; Li, Xuelong
In this paper, we propose a unified facial beautification framework with respect to skin homogeneity, lighting, and color. A novel region-aware mask is constructed for skin manipulation, which can automatically select the edited regions with great precision. Inspired by the state-of-the-art edit propagation techniques, we present an adaptive edge-preserving energy minimization model with a spatially variant parameter and a high-dimensional guided feature space for mask generation. Using region-aware masks, our method facilitates more flexible and accurate facial skin enhancement while the complex manipulations are simplified considerably. In our beautification framework, a portrait is decomposed into smoothness, lighting, and color layers by an edge-preserving operator. Next, facial landmarks and significant features are extracted as input constraints for mask generation. After three region-aware masks have been obtained, a user can perform facial beautification simply by adjusting the skin parameters. Furthermore, the combinations of parameters can be optimized automatically, depending on the data priors and psychological knowledge. We performed both qualitative and quantitative evaluation for our method using faces with different genders, races, ages, poses, and backgrounds from various databases. The experimental results demonstrate that our technique is superior to previous methods and comparable to commercial systems, for example, PicTreat, Portrait+ , and Portraiture. PMID:24710839
Donohue, Brad; Pitts, Michelle; Chow, Graig M; Benning, Stephen D; Soto-Nevarez, Arturo; Plant, Christopher P; Allen, Daniel N
Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death among children, with approximately 45% of injuries occurring in and around the home. Rates of home injury are particularly high in the homes of caregivers who are referred for intervention services by child welfare agents. However, there are few validated methods of home safety assessment available. The Home Safety and Beautification Assessment (HSBA) was developed to assist intervention planning specific to home safety and appearance in a sample of 77 mothers who were referred to treatment by Child Welfare Services. Exploratory factor analysis of HSBA items indicated that safety and appearance factors emerged across rooms in the home, and internal consistencies were good. For each room, the sums of assessors' safety and appearance intervention priority item scores were correlated with the assessors' global safety and appearance ratings of the entire home, respectively. The participants' overall room attractiveness scores were correlated with the assessors' overall room appearance intervention priority scores, whereas the participants' ratings of overall room safety were not correlated with the assessors' overall room safety intervention priority scores. Participants' scores on the Abuse subscale of the Child Abuse Potential Inventory, personal income, and education level were not associated with the assessors' home safety and appearance intervention priority ratings, suggesting the HSBA is assessing constructs that are distinct from child abuse potential and socioeconomic status. The results support the HSBA in a sample referred to treatment by child welfare agents. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26322799
Adobe公司推出的Photoshop图像处理软件，是目前世界上最优秀的图像编辑和处理软件之一，它不仅被广泛应用于艺术设计领域，还被广泛应用于摄影图像的处理领域。目前，越来越多的人热衷于用Photoshop来修饰照片，使照片中的人物更加完美。该文主要介绍了Photoshop中抠图的几种方法及其适用范围和对人物照片的美化两方面内容。%Photoshop image processing software developed by Adobe company, is one of the image editing and processing soft-ware is the best in the world at present, it is not only widely used in the field of art and design, processing is widely used in photo-graphic images. At present, more and more people are interested in using Photoshop to modify the picture, the figures in the pic-ture perfect. This paper introduces several methods in Photoshop matting and its applicable range and photo beautification two as-pects.
《企业网站制作与美化》课程是一门交叉性和综合性很强的学科，主要培养网站平面设计、网站管理、网站制作等方面人才。为了培养符合岗位要求的应用型人才，本文基于CDIO工程教育理念，重新设计教学模型，并在教学内容、实践环节等方面进行改革。使教学以学生为主体进行，充分体现“实践依托社会”的教学模式，从而改变学生的学习方式，提高教学质量，培养学生职业能力。%Enterprise Website Production and Beautification is a course of strong intersectionality and comprehensiveness, which cultivates talents in graphic design, website management, website design and other fields. Based on the CDIO project education, this paper redesigns the teaching model and reforms on the teaching content and practice in order to cultivate applied talents who meet the job requirements. Students are made as the main body in teaching, which fully embodies the "practice relying on society" teaching model, thus changing the students' way of learning, improving the quality of teaching, cultivating students' professional abilities.
Skin beautification with oral non-hydrolized versions of carnosine and carcinine: Effective therapeutic management and cosmetic skincare solutions against oxidative glycation and free-radical production as a causal mechanism of diabetic complications and skin aging.
Babizhayev, Mark A; Deyev, Anatoliy I; Savel'yeva, Ekaterina L; Lankin, Vadim Z; Yegorov, Yegor E
the generation of the cross-linked radical cation and the radical counteranion of methylglyoxal. Under aerobic conditions, molecular oxygen can then accept an electron from the methylglyoxal anion to generate the superoxide radical anion causing the propagation of oxidative stress chain reactions in the presence of transition metal ions. Carnosine stabilized from enzymatic hydrolysis, carcinine and leucyl-histidylhydrazide in patented formulations thereof, demonstrate the Schiff bases' transglycating activities concomitant with glycation site specific antioxidant activities and protection of proprietary antioxidant enzymes in the skin during aging and with diabetes lesions. During oral supplementation with stabilized from enzymatic hydrolysis carnosine (Can-C Plus® formulation), the skin parameters investigated showed a continuous and significant improvement in the active group during the 3 months of supplementation as compared to placebo. Visual investigation showed improvement of the overall skin appearance and a reduction of fine lines. No treatment-related side effects were reported. The finding that already-formed AGE cross-links can be pharmacologically severed and attendant pathology thereby reversed by non-hydrolized carnosine or carcinine in patented oral formulations thereof has broad implications for the skin beautification and therapeutics of the complications of diabetes and skin diseases associated with aging. PMID:21756141
Community gardening provides many benefits for students like outdoor physical activity, an understanding of plant life cycles, food production and healthy eating (Blair, 2009; Whiren, 1995). Gardening also provides hands-on learning opportunities to draw parallels between what is needed for plants to grow and what students need to be healthy. When…
马正彪; 赵恒莲; 魏占森
李晓煜; 邓福明; 赵松林; 陈卫军
Coconut oil, known as the green beauty weight loss good products, is rich of medium-chain fatty acids: lauric acid, and more and more hot researches focus on it. It is not only good for healthy weight and loss and hair care, but also can moisturize the skin by internal or external use. This paper reviewed the research progresses about the coconut oil in terms of weight loss and beauty at home and abroad in recent years, in order to provide a theoretical basis for the application of coconut oil. Finally, we also made a further prospect for it.%椰子油由于富含中链脂肪酸月桂酸，内服外用皆可。可健康减重，护理头发，滋润皮肤，被誉为绿色的美容减肥圣品，相关研究愈加炙手可热。本文综述近年来国内外椰子油减肥与美容方面的研究进展，为椰子油在减肥与美容方面的应用提供理论依据，并对其进一步研究提出展望。
ZHOU Qixing; WANG Wenxiong
@@ Land is used for agricultural production, industrial development, urban construction, and environmental beautification, thus soil environment is an important component of living ecosystems for human survival.
ZHOU; Qixing; WANG; Wenxiong
Land is used for agricultural production, industrial development, urban construction, and environmental beautification, thus soil environment is an important component of living ecosystems for human survival.……
... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION... part have the following meanings: (a) Acquired for right-of-way means acquired for right-of-way for any public road by the Federal Government, a State, or a county, city, or other political subdivision of...
... HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RIGHT-OF-WAY AND ENVIRONMENT HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION... means an area or site established and maintained within or adjacent to the highway right-of-way by or... schoolbus shelters which are authorized or approved by city, county, or State law, regulation, or...
... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effective control. 750.705 Section 750.705 Highways... BEAUTIFICATION Outdoor Advertising Control § 750.705 Effective control. In order to provide effective control of... standards contained in subpart B, part 750, chapter I, 23 CFR; (d) Remove illegal signs expeditiously;...
FONTANA K.A.; C. Fontana
In the present article the use of recycled water is analyzed for use in irrigation to match increased pressure on natural water resources for agricultural production and city beautification. Scarcity of water is becoming a relevant issue in many areas of the world and need to be faced with new technologies and practices.
Abstract While green roof systems have proven to be highly effective in the evaporative cooling of buildings, reduction of roof top temperatures, protection of roof membranes from solar radiation degradation, reducing stormwater runoff, as well as beautification of the urban roo...
Alaimo, Katherine; Reischl, Thomas M.; Allen, Julie Ober
This study examined associations between participation in community gardening/beautification projects and neighborhood meetings with perceptions of social capital at both the individual and neighborhood levels. Data were analyzed from a cross-sectional stratified random telephone survey conducted in Flint, Michigan (N=1916). Hierarchical linear…
Gary Sands; Reese, Laura A.; Pierre Filion
Commercial district organizations have been established to enhance public services, area appearance, security and economic viability. The research reported here examines two common models of commercial business district organizations, Downtown Development Authorities (DDAs) in Michigan and Business Improvement Areas (BIAs) in Canada. DDAs and BIAs typically have similar operational profiles, including marketing campaigns, events to bring customers to the area, beautification projects and memb...
Kiniry, Joseph R.; Cheong, Elaine
The Java Pre-Processor, or JPP for short, is a parsing pre-processor for the Java programming language. Unlike its namesake (the C/C++ Pre-Processor, cpp), JPP provides functionality above and beyond simple textual substitution. JPP's capabilities include code beautification, code standard conformance checking, class and interface specification and testing, and documentation generation.
Nina A Madnani
Full Text Available The nail as an anatomic structure protects the terminal phalanx of the digit from injury. Historically, it has served as a tool for protection and for survival. As civilizations developed, it attained the additional function of adornment. Nail beautification is a big industry today, with various nail cosmetics available, ranging from nail hardeners, polishes, extensions, artificial/sculpted nails, and nail decorations. Adverse events may occur either during the nail-grooming procedure or as a reaction to the individual components of the nail cosmetics. This holds true for both the client and the nail technician. Typically, any of the procedures involves several steps and a series of products. Separate "nail-bars" have been set up dedicated to serve women and men interested in nail beautification. This article attempts to comprehensively inform and educate the dermatologist on the services offered, the products used, and the possible/potential adverse effects related to nail-grooming and nail cosmetics.
Chinski, Hernan; Chinski, Luis; Armijos, Jenny; Arias, Juan Pablo
Summary Introduction: Experts on nasal cosmetics and nasal surgery agree that aesthetic rhinoplasty leads to overall facial beautification and the perception of youth in patients. This “assumed truth” has never been proven in the international literature. Aim: To examine increases in facial attractiveness ratings after rhinoplasty surgery. Methods: We conducted a study series by choosing 30 female patients on whom we had operated and 25 evaluators in a single blind trial. The evaluators grade...
Nina A Madnani; Kaleem J Khan
The nail as an anatomic structure protects the terminal phalanx of the digit from injury. Historically, it has served as a tool for protection and for survival. As civilizations developed, it attained the additional function of adornment. Nail beautification is a big industry today, with various nail cosmetics available, ranging from nail hardeners, polishes, extensions, artificial/sculpted nails, and nail decorations. Adverse events may occur either during the nail-grooming procedure or as a...
Fleury, Antoine; Froment-Meurice, Muriel
International audience For two decades the ways of developing and regulating public spaces have been deeply renewed. But do they benefit all the city dwellers? Observing Paris' case, this paper displays how, in contradiction with the official goals of sharing space and mixing uses, public authorities valorize particular uses and privilege beautification, therefore defining who are the legitimate users. We also highlight how they establish at the same time specific rules to limit the approp...
Grier, Karissa Niphore
Background: Community gardens have existed in America since the late 1800s and have served multiple purposes from food subsidies to neighborhood beautification. The use of community gardens has grown in popularity and has been recommended as a way to encourage healthy eating habits in youth. Though the health benefits of having a diet high in fruits and vegetables is well known, youth in the United States do not meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake. Under-consumption of fruits ...
The study investigates the effect of factors such as perceived price, brand image, perceived quality and trust on consumers' evaluative judgments for beautification products. Results showed that brand image has positive and significant impact on consumer trust. Increase in perceived quality and trust depicted increase in a particular brand preference. Decrease in perceived price showed significant and positive impact on brand preference. This study measured the effect of brand image, price, q...
With the rapid economic growth, domestic living standard improvement and urban population increase in China, a tremendous amount of municipal solid waste is being generated everyday and is becoming one of the foremost issues of urban management. The planning and management of domestic waste is important to both the municipalities and the local community for a variety of reasons including environmental impact, financial cost, health and hygiene, city beautification, natural resource consumptio...
Olason, Daniel; Ebdrup, Thomas; Bak, Claus Leth; Silva, Filipe Faria Da
In November 2008 the Danish government decided that all overhead lines below 400 kV should be replaced by underground cables. This is due to a demand of reducing the overall visibility of the transmission system, sometimes referred to as the beautification of the transmission system. The agreement furthermore included to reinforce some of the existing 400 kV transmission lines. This is due to both increasing wind penetration and power flow between Scandinavia, Germany and possible future conn...
Jain Amit; Dubey Subodh; Gupta Alka; Kannojia Pushpendra; Tomar Vivek
Cosmetology, the science of alteration of appearance, has been practiced since primordial times. In India, the concept of using herbs for beautification finds its origin in traditional medicine literature like Ayurveda.The association between Ayurveda, anti-aging and cosmeceuticals is gaining importance in the beauty, health and wellness sector. Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals date back to the Indus Valley Civilization. Modern research trends mainly revolve around principles of anti-aging activity d...
JMargarida Relvão Calmeiro
Full Text Available During the nineteenth century, Portuguese’s urban improvements adopted the principles of urban beautification, which were developing consistently across Europe since the eighteenth century. Coimbra’s riverfront sanitation’s interventions, can be framed within international models, and also strenghten the city. More than a modernization project this intervention has established itself as a symbolic project of building a new urban landscape.
Gerald A. Carlino
Proponents of the City Beautiful movement advocated for sizable public investments in monumental spaces, street beautification, and classical architecture. Today, economists and policymakers see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract people and jobs to cities. But past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisure amenities for urban growth and development. In this article, Jerry Carlino uses a new data set on the number of leisure tourist ...
Gerald A. Carlino; Saiz, Albert
The City Beautiful movement, which in the early 20th century advocated city beautification as a way to improve the living conditions and civic virtues of the urban dweller, had languished by the Great Depression. Today, new urban economic theorists and policymakers are coming to see the provision of consumer leisure amenities as a way to attract population, especially the highly skilled and their employers. However, past studies have provided only indirect evidence of the importance of leisur...
Mircea Tampa; Maria Isabela Sarbu; Alexandra Limbau; Monica Costescu; Vasile Benea; Simona Roxana Georgescu
Body piercing has been practiced for thousands of years all over the world for beautification, religion, initiation rites or status reasons. Genital piercings also have a significant background and have been practiced for enhancing sexual pleasure, chastity, shocking or as a protest against a conservative society. As the popularity of genital piercings increased in the last years, the number of complications is also on the rise. It is therefore important for the medical professionals to have ...
Girapunthong, Napaporn; Ward, Ronald W
Flowers are purchased for a variety of reasons ranging from expressions of love or sympathy to satisfying environmental and beautification goals. Unlike many foods where some of the attributes can be quantitatively measured such as grams of fat in meats and milligrams of cholesterol in fluid milk, these aesthetically pleasing products present an array of attributes that are closely tied to the buyers reasons for making the purchase. Clearly the attributes are fundamentally different since the...
Shaikh Saba; Bhise Kiran
Cosmetics are incredible in demand since historical time till day. Lipstick formulations are most widely used to enhance the beauty of lips and to add glamor′s touch to the makeup. It is difficult to apply lipsticks to the dried, chafed, chapped, cracked lips with sores and lesions. In such cases, one can use medicated lipsticks for the purpose of curing topical infections and beautification of lips. With this aim and objectives, an attempt was made to formulate medicated lipstick by u...
Against the background of the so-called ‘obesity epidemic’, Media and the Rhetoric of Body Perfection critically examines the discourses of physical perfection that pervade Western societies, aiming to shed new light on the rhetorical forces behind body anxieties and extreme methods of weight loss and beautification. Drawing on interview material with cosmetic surgery patients and offering fresh analyses of various texts from popular culture, this book examines the ways in which the media cap...
Kumar Sarvesh; Palbag Satadru; Maurya Santosh Kumar; Kumar Dileep
Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals dates back to the Indus valley civilization and is being used in human society from ancient time. It is now gaining importance in the beautification and to cure the skin ailments. In last 3-4 decades the use of cosmetics has increased exponentially not only among female but also in male population and play an important role in the FMCG sector. In the ancient classical texts of Ayurveda there are several references of numerous medicinal plants and mode of applications ...
Full Text Available Introduction: Experts on nasal cosmetics and nasal surgery agree that aesthetic rhinoplasty leads to overall facial beautification and the perception of youth in patients. This "assumed truth" has never been proven in the international literature. Aim: To examine increases in facial attractiveness ratings after rhinoplasty surgery. Methods: We conducted a study series by choosing 30 female patients on whom we had operated and 25 evaluators in a single blind trial. The evaluators graded the patients' attractiveness before and after surgery. Results: Beauty indices were significantly improved after the operation. Conclusion: According to the third-party evaluation, the patients appeared prettier after undergoing aesthetic rhinoplasty.
Full Text Available The study investigates the effect of factors such as perceived price, brand image, perceived quality and trust on consumers' evaluative judgments for beautification products. Results showed that brand image has positive and significant impact on consumer trust. Increase in perceived quality and trust depicted increase in a particular brand preference. Decrease in perceived price showed significant and positive impact on brand preference. This study measured the effect of brand image, price, quality and consumer trust information on how individuals subjectively evaluate a brand.
Full Text Available Body piercing has been practiced for thousands of years all over the world for beautification, religion, initiation rites or status reasons. Genital piercings also have a significant background and have been practiced for enhancing sexual pleasure, chastity, shocking or as a protest against a conservative society. As the popularity of genital piercings increased in the last years, the number of complications is also on the rise. It is therefore important for the medical professionals to have at least basic knowledge regarding this practice, as it might be required in the management of unpredictable complications.
Urban forestry is now increasingly practiced in Thailand. This has gained impetus because of gradual deterioration of visual amenity and environmental quality in many of the rapidly developing urban centers. Various urban beautification programs are being implemented to rehabilitate blighted landscape,polluted atmosphere and deteriorating weather conditions, as well as to maintain a clean, healthy and pleasant environment so as to ensure a better quality of life. Planting of suitable trees for shade, climatic amelioration and aesthetic values form the principal activity under these beautification programs. It is regarded as not only an important component of socio-economic development but also contributive to the restoration of the urban ecosystem. The responsibility of the implementation of most of these programs falls to the Bangkok Metropolitan, Administration, Provincial and District Municipalities. The Royal Forest Department plays the supporting role of supplying seedlings of the species required for planting and providing technical advice on the growing of these trees. In this paper tree species commonly planted in urban and populated areas in Thailand are identified. It is envisaged that with the vast amount of flora available in Thailand and through the integrated efforts of all agencies involved, this program will achieve the target of beautifying the cities and towns of Thailand.
A diagnosis to the integrated management system and quality control laboratories is done in a paint industry. The administrative aspects related with the documentation are evaluated: procedures, instructions, records, processes of sampling, testing, for possible accreditation of some methods of analysis under the norm ISO/IEC 17025 representing an opportunity for growth and improvement in labs. The laboratories of the paint industry have analyzed a number of materials such as products for the various stages of construction and beautification of homes, buildings and other, as well as evaluation of the requirements established by international standards to demonstrate competence regarding these. The feasibility of implementing the standard is visualized, solving the disagreements that have been found during the evaluation period. The impact of the perception of quality is determined by the direction, the need for investment in resources, training and equipment. (author)
Full Text Available Urban green spaces- basic elements in sustainable tourism and urban development. Due to their multiple functions within the cities: landscape function, aesthetical, sanitary, utilitary, economic, protection, educational, scientific and social function, green spaces need to be extended, arranged and valorized in the most efficient ways. An average value of the green space surface per invididual has been established. Sustainable urban development involves the execution of works on lands, premises and buildings, as well as the adoption of social measures for the psychical and psychological confort of the population and for a rational development and arrangement of urban areas. The tourism potential of urban green space derives from the valorization of its biological and aesthetical function, the harmonisation and beautification of urban architectural complexes as well as from its specific urbanism elements.
段艳红; 李顺杰; 朱万祥
After several years of planting and landscape design, Xinxiang University had some endemic tree species, which were great importance in the botanical garden afforestation and beautification effect. The characteristics and functions of endemic species in Xinxiang University were studied, which could provide some references for other colleges and universities of landscape design.%经过几年的园林种植和设计，新乡学院已经拥有了一些特有树种，它们在园林绿化和美化中有着极重要的作用。对新乡学院特有树种的特性及作用进行了探究，为其他高校的园林设计提供了借鉴。
Mariluza Zucco Rizzon
Full Text Available This article reports the development of a project conducted by high school students in a public school of San Marcos, RS. The project involved teachers and students for cleaning and maintaining the school and also for developing the skills students with respect to environmental education. Several steps were necessary to achieve our goals, since environmental awareness, cleaning and garbage collection in school environments, reorganization of flowerbeds and planting seedlings (ornamentals, herbs for teas and spices, recycling craft activities, painting and even beautification of the classrooms. It was visible the importance of implementing the project, because at the end, all the students were engaged and learned to work as a team, to value and respect each other and the environment in which we live; and as citizens become more responsible for their actions. The project results indicated a significant relationship among the curriculum components, promoting the interdisciplinarity. It is worth noting that the school environment was more pleasant, clean and cozy.
Chinski, Hernan; Chinski, Luis; Armijos, Jenny; Arias, Juan Pablo
Summary Introduction: Experts on nasal cosmetics and nasal surgery agree that aesthetic rhinoplasty leads to overall facial beautification and the perception of youth in patients. This “assumed truth” has never been proven in the international literature. Aim: To examine increases in facial attractiveness ratings after rhinoplasty surgery. Methods: We conducted a study series by choosing 30 female patients on whom we had operated and 25 evaluators in a single blind trial. The evaluators graded the patients' attractiveness before and after surgery. Results: Beauty indices were significantly improved after the operation. Conclusion: According to the third-party evaluation, the patients appeared prettier after undergoing aesthetic rhinoplasty. PMID:25991993
Abdul Aziz, Nor Akmar Binti; Konijnendijk, Cecil Cornelis; Sreetheran, M.;
In rapidly developing countries such as Malaysia, the importance of urban greenspaces is recognized, but due to rapid industrialization and urbanization, maintaining and developing greenspace is a major challenge. This paper analyzes the status of urban greenspace policy, planning, and management...... in Malaysia. For this purpose, information was collected about urban greenspaces and their governance, planning, and management, both at the national level and in six representative case cities in the most urbanized part of Malaysia, the Klang Valley. Data was compiled by means of a literature review......, document analysis, and expert interviews with municipal officers in the selected cities. Results show the greenspace discourse in Malaysia has shifted its focus from one dominated by beautification to one concentrated on regarding greenspace as an essential part of the urban infrastructure. In spite of...
Full Text Available Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals dates back to the Indus valley civilization and is being used in human society from ancient time. It is now gaining importance in the beautification and to cure the skin ailments. In last 3-4 decades the use of cosmetics has increased exponentially not only among female but also in male population and play an important role in the FMCG sector. In the ancient classical texts of Ayurveda there are several references of numerous medicinal plants and mode of applications of their processed formulation for enhancing complexion, treating acne, treating dark patches, curing boils and carbuncles, etc. Consideration in this field can be helpful in making the herbs more acceptable, precious, life saving and economy promoter for the mankind. This review made a humble effort to make a monograph of ayurvedic plants that were mentioned by ayurvedic luminaries in the field of skincare.
Fischer, Tanja C; Sattler, Gerhard; Gauglitz, Gerd G
Lip augmentation with hyaluronic acid fillers is established. As monophasic polydensified hyaluronic acid products with variable density, CPM-HAL1 (Belotero Balance Lidocaine, Merz Aesthetics, Raleigh, NC) and CPM-HAL2 (Belotero Intense Lidocaine, Merz Aesthetics, Raleigh, NC) are qualified for beautification and particularly natural-looking rejuvenation, respectively. The aim of this article was to assess the handling and outcome of lip augmentation using the lidocaine-containing hyaluronic acid fillers, CPM-HAL1 and CPM-HAL2. Data were documented from patients who received lip augmentation by means of beautification and/or rejuvenation using CPM-HAL1 and/or CPM-HAL2. Observation period was 4 months, with assessment of natural outcome, evenness, distribution, fluidity, handling, malleability, tolerability, as well as patient satisfaction and pain. A total of 146 patients from 21 German centers participated. Physicians rated natural outcome and evenness as good or very good for more than 95% of patients. Distribution, fluidity, handling, and malleability were assessed for both fillers as good or very good in more than 91% of patients. At every evaluation point, more than 93% of patients were very or very much satisfied with the product. A total of 125 patients (85.6%) experienced transient injection-related side effects. Pain intensity during the procedure was mild (2.72 ± 1.72 on the 0-10 pain assessment scale) and abated markedly within 30 minutes (0.42 ± 0.57). Lip augmentation with hyaluronic acid fillers produced a long-term cosmetic result. Due to the lidocaine content, procedural pain was low and transient. Accordingly, a high degree of patient satisfaction was achieved that was maintained throughout the observation period. PMID:27248026
Full Text Available One of the oldest churches in Krakow, dedicated to All Saints, was situated between Grodzka and Franciszkańska Street. It was build in the XIII century, could had been replacement church for first Cracow’s parish, which was transferred from Saint Trinity church. The name of All Saints church was mentioned for the first time in Vita S. Stanislai. The second time in 1278 his rector Arnold was noted. Most interesting fact is that in the Tables of Pence from 1325–1327 you can find two rectors, who had separate salary and were called rectors of wooden and brick churches. In 1490 church got a collegiate title. Than double rectory was liquidated and positions of provost and dean were established. Church was a place where Brotherhood of the Poor created by Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki used to work. Our knowledge of churches looks comes from iconography which was made when the building was already a ruin. According to those sources church had two naves, was oriented and had simply completed presbytery. The building had adhered tower, sacristy, treasure and chapel, called capella antiqua. Description of the interior of the church comes from 1599, when Jerzy Radziwiłł, Bishop of Cracow had visited it. According to the decision of the City Beautification Committee, the church was demolished in 1835, and church’s equipment was sold on auction. The tower survived till 1840, when it shared the fate of the rest of the building.
Gondal, M. A.; Dastageer, M. A.; Al-Adel, F. F.; Naqvi, A. A.; Habibullah, Y. B.
A sensitive laser induced breakdown spectroscopic system was developed and optimized for using it as a sensor for the detection of trace levels of lead and chromium present in the cosmetic eyeliner (kohl) of different price ranges (brands) available in the local market. Kohl is widely used in developing countries for babies as well adults for beautification as well eyes protection. The atomic transition lines at 405.7 nm and 425.4 nm were used as the marker lines for the detection of lead and chromium respectively. The detection system was optimized by finding the appropriate gate delay between the laser excitation and the data acquisition system and also by achieving optically thin plasma near the target by establishing the local thermodynamic equilibrium condition. The detection system was calibrated for these two hazardous elements and the kohl samples under investigation showed 8-15 ppm by mass of lead and 4-9 ppm by mass of Chromium, which are higher than the safe permissible levels of these elements. The limits of detection of the LIBS system for lead and chromium were found to be 1 and 2 ppm respectively.
With the rapid development of economy,people's living standard and the quality of life have also improved and in-creased,environmental beautification and construction is the concentrated reflection to meet the needs of people for the spiritual life.Small garden provides entertainment and leisure place for residents.Plant configuration of small garden considers plant eco-logical habits and other factors in detail, which contributes to landscape and beautify the residential appearance.%随着人们物质水平的提高,精神生活的要求也越来越高,而环境的美化与建设也就是满足人们对精神生活的需求的集中体现.小游园方便了人们生活、为居民提供了娱乐休闲的场所.游园植物配置详尽考虑植物生态习性等因素,在利于植物茁壮生长的基础上组织成景观,美化居住区的面貌.
The paper starts from the people on the bedroom wall decorative material selection,production,design point of view with the material color purity as the breakthrough point,and by exploring on natural color purity,painting color purity and digital color purity expatiates the source and way expressing from the reason and emotion on the color purity of bedroom wall decorative material. It emphasizes that in the social work of home beautification object-human and human-human are reason and emotion from an indivisible whole.%从人们对卧室墙面装饰材料选择、生产、设计的角度出发，以材料色彩纯度层面研究为切入点，通过对自然色彩纯度、绘画色彩纯度、数字色彩纯度的探究，提出卧室墙面装饰材料色彩纯度理对情表达的根源与途径，并强调在家居美化的社会劳动中，物与人以及人与人是理与情的整体不可分割的关系。
采掘业是国家重度污染行业之一,环境会计信息披露与采掘业企业的效益和可持续发展是息息相关的,所以企业应更积极的进行环境信息披露,从而有利于美化企业形象并使信息使用者做出正确的决策.文章以我国采掘业上市公司为例,通过分析上市公司环境会计信息披露的现状,揭示信息披露中存在的问题并提出了促进其发展的对策建议.%Extractive industry is one of heavy-polluting industries in China, environmental accounting information disclosure is closely related to the benefits of extractive industries and sustainable development of enterprises, therefore, enterprises should be more proactive disclosure of environmental information, that contribute to the beautification of corporate image and make the information user to make the right decisions.In this paper, Citing examples of listed companies of the extractive industries in China, we reveal to problems which exist in information the disclosure of corporate environmental accounting and put forward their views by analyzing the status of environmental accounting information disclosure of listed companies.
Full Text Available Urban green spaces are an important element in structure of cities. From these spaces can be named as the urban breathing lungs that they have various functions such as: City beautification, environmental modulators and leisure. Public land uses in many cities especially urban green spaces aren’t successful due to some factors such as: high population density, imbalance in land use location, neglect to redial access for providing services and etc. Today, it isn’t enough that we increase service centers also effort to achieve the standard and urban per capita because it is possible that all citizen haven’t appropriate access to land use (parks & urban green space due to imbalance of their location. Due to urbanism phenomenon grow sharply, so analyzing of appropriate location and its geographical distribution is very useful in development and future of cities. In this research has been studied urban green space development process. This study is applied and the research method is" descriptive – analytical". Also data collected is documents. The findings show, the process of green space growth is well but don’t adapt with global standards. So, should be attempted in this issue
委婉语是广告中常采用的一种文体。广告心理学研究表明,委婉语在广告行为中因其避讳、礼貌、美化和幽默的语用功能,可使广告获得简洁、得体和诙谐的语用效果,让受众容易记住并影响其购买行为,以达到广告的商业目的。%Euphemism is a common style in advertising.The advertising psychology indicates that with the euphemism＇s taboo,polite,beautification and humorous pragmatic functions in advertising,an advertisement may obtain concise,decent and witty pragmatic effect so that it can be easily remembered by the audience and make a good effect on their consumption.Thus,the commercial purpose can be achieved by using Euphemism in advertising.
Full Text Available Cosmetology, the science of alteration of appearance, has been practiced since primordial times. In India, the concept of using herbs for beautification finds its origin in traditional medicine literature like Ayurveda.The association between Ayurveda, anti-aging and cosmeceuticals is gaining importance in the beauty, health and wellness sector. Ayurvedic cosmeceuticals date back to the Indus Valley Civilization. Modern research trends mainly revolve around principles of anti-aging activity described in Ayurveda.Most herbal supplements are based on, or include, several botanical ingredients with long histories of traditional or folk medicine usage. Among the numerous botanical ingredients available on the market today, several are believed to confer dermatologic benefits. This article will focus on a select group of botanical compounds, many of which have long traditions in Asian medicine, with potential or exhibited dermatologic applications, including curcumin, Ginkgo biloba, ginseng, silymarin, soy, and tea tree oil. Other botanical agents, such as arnica, bromelain, chamomile, pomegranate, caffeine, green tea, licorice, and resveratrol, are also briefly considered.
Microsoft office Excel 2007是微软公司在2006年底推出的，是办公自动化系列套装软件Microsoft office 2007下的一个独立产品。本文将对其常用的一些基本功能进行概括与介绍，如表格美化、数据处理、数据的管理与分析、常用的公式与函数等，以及针对Excel 2007的新增功能进行简要介绍，希望能对软件初学者和对此感兴趣的相关人员起到概念性的帮助作用。%Microsoft Office Excel 2007 is an independent product of office automation software package Microsoft Office 2007 launched by Microsoft Company at the end of 2006. This article summarized and introduced its common functions, such as form beautification, data processing, data management and analysis, common formula and function, and some new features of Excel 2007, so as to help the beginners and related personnels.
侯云华; 卢艳; 崔叶红
In order to enrich the Baoding City landscape construction and provide theoretical basis for its landscape design, a long-term investigation on the spruce growth adaptability to the plantation in Baoding urban district park, roads, and courtyard has been conducted. The results show that spruce is growing well in the surroundings in hills, flat land, fertile soil with well aeration and drainage of Baoding City, with beautiful shape and good leafiness, which can be well used for city beautification by urban landscape construction and garden greening.%为了丰富保定市区园林绿化建设、给保定市园林绿化设计提供依据,对市区内公园、道路、庭院等地方栽植的云杉进行了生长适应性调查研究.结果表明,云杉在高坡、平地、土壤肥沃、通透、排水好等的环境条件下,长势好,树形美观,枝叶茂盛,有着较好的园林造景、绿化和美化功能.
Belon, Ana Paula; Nieuwendyk, Laura M.; Vallianatos, Helen; Nykiforuk, Candace I. J.
Purpose To identify perceptions of how sociocultural environment enabled and hindered physical activity (PA) participation. Design Community-based participatory research. Setting Two semirural and two urban communities located in Alberta, Canada. Participants Thirty-five people (74.3% females, 71.4% aged 25–64 years) across the four communities. Method PhotoVoice activities occurred over 3 months during the spring of 2009. Participants were asked to document perceived environmental attributes that might foster or inhibit PA in their community. Photographs and narratives were shared in one-on-one interviews. Line-by-line coding of the transcripts was independently conducted by two researchers using an inductive approach. Codes were arranged into themes and subthemes, which were then organized into the Analysis Grid for Environments Linked to Obesity (ANGELO) framework. Results Six main themes (accompanied by subthemes) emerged: sociocultural aesthetics, safety, social involvement, PA motivation, cultural ideas of recreation, and car culture. Representative quotes and photographs illustrate enablers and obstacles identified by participants. Conclusion This PhotoVoice study revealed how aspects of participants’ sociocultural environments shaped their decisions to be physically active. Providing more PA resources is only one step in the promotion of supportive environments. Strategies should also account for the beautification and maintenance of communities, increasing feelings of safety, enhancement of social support among community members, popularization of PA, and mitigating car culture, among others. PMID:25973966
分析了目前我国花境规划的特点与现状，从规划原则、景观塑造、意境挖掘等方面探讨了南京市居住区的花境规划，进而对目前花境规划进行了研究。%Flower border is an important form in the plant landscape design. Generally flower border is with the background of the grove,green hedge, short wall or building etc, to produce a different curve or straight lines flower belt according to the different characteristics. Residential flower border landscaping is an im portant part of greenbelt planning. It excavates the essence of history culture and the colored cultural connotation through the afforestation,the sweetening,the coloring,and the beautification. It can make the resident satisfied. The article means to study flower border at present based on analysis of flower bourdary plan in Nanjing.
Pop, A.; Andrei, A.
After products are on the market for some time, they often need to be redesigned to meet new market requirements. New products are generally derived from similar but outdated products. Redesigning a product is an important part of the production and development process. The purpose of this paper is to show that using modern technology, like Digital Prototyping in industry is an effective way to produce new products. This paper tries to demonstrate and highlight the effectiveness of the concept of Digital Prototyping, both to reduce the design time of a new product, but also the costs required for implementing this step. The results of this paper show that using Digital Prototyping techniques in designing a new product from an existing one available on the market mould offers a significantly manufacturing time and cost reduction. The ability to simulate and test a new product with modern CAD-CAM programs in all aspects of production (designing of the 3D model, simulation of the structural resistance, analysis of the injection process and beautification) offers a helpful tool for engineers. The whole process can be realised by one skilled engineer very fast and effective.
Full Text Available Cosmetics are incredible in demand since historical time till day. Lipstick formulations are most widely used to enhance the beauty of lips and to add glamor′s touch to the makeup. It is difficult to apply lipsticks to the dried, chafed, chapped, cracked lips with sores and lesions. In such cases, one can use medicated lipsticks for the purpose of curing topical infections and beautification of lips. With this aim and objectives, an attempt was made to formulate medicated lipstick by using cow ghee and honey as natural excipients that substituted synthetic ingredients like isopropyl myristate, lanolin, cetyl alcohol, and castor oil. Allantoin was selected a model drug for the local action on lips. In vitro evaluation was done on bovine lip membrane, and the data suggested that the drug remained on the membrane only and did not diffuse through the membrane in diffusion studies for 8 h. After 8 h, 0.16% drug release was observed till 12 h. Thus, allantoin can remain topically on lips for 8 h without showing any systemic effects. The lipsticks were evaluated for their organoleptic properties such as spreading, covering property, hardness, shine, and gloss and found to be satisfactory product to give attractive beauty with therapeutic effect on the diseased lips. Thus, the medicated lipsticks with the natural ingredients like cow ghee and honey can serve as economical and effective cosmoseutical product.
The textile industry is a traditional pillar industry in China, and an important livelihood industry and create new advantages of the internationalization of the industry,which is also the integration of technology and fashion industry. The textile industry in the beautification of people's life and the development of related industries, stimulating domestic demands, the construction of ecological civilization, and enhance cultural self-confidence, plays an important role in promoting social harmony. The current the textile industry is facing two major challenges directly, on the one hand from the change of market environment and market demand is weakening, on the other hand, from the cost increase,there are “eight high”,such as transaction costs, taxes, labor, land, capital, energy, material flow and exchange rate of enterprise production cost. The deeper chalenge is: after years of rapid development on Chinese textile industry ,it is difficult to continue with the comparative advantage and the advantage of "investment" and "export oriented" development mode, the textile industry must enter the market orientation, structural adjustment, innovation driven and green development of the new stage, they need to find new energy industry development.
崔爽; 刘艺芸; 单新宇; 王佳华
To study the environmental Pb toxicity , decontamination and beautification , a pot-experiment was conducted with three ornamental flowering plants to determine their Pb-absorption properties .The results showed that Helianthus annuus L .had a greater capability of accumulating Pb in shoots and roots than either Zinniaelegans Jacq or Gozania splendens .H .annuus L .andZ .elegans Jacq exhibited strong endurance to high concentration of Pb ,and were considered to be potentially applicable for soil decontamination and proper maintenance .%为寻找铅污染土壤净化和景观化材料，采用盆栽方法，研究3种菊科观赏花卉在铅污染条件下对铅的富集特征。结果表明3种花卉中观赏向日葵地上部和根部吸收富集铅的含量最大，积累铅能力最强，其次为百日草，勋章菊吸收积累铅能力最弱。在Pb浓度为1000 mg · kg -1时，观赏向日葵和百日草耐性较强，可用作铅污染土壤的稳定修复植物。
Yeh, Jin-Tsann; Lin, Chyong-Ling
Studies indicate mental health improvement can occur via religious communities offering social support and other resources. Many people from many cultures regard medicine as a supernatural or magical treatment that can somehow lead to a better state of living. In medical advertising, female role portrayal involves the blending of beauty, ritual and attractiveness in combination with the best product image. A Chinese saying suggests that, "A girl will doll herself up for him who loves her." Female role attraction is a very important ethical subject in gender issues. Moving forward in time, female role visualization and consumption in medical advertising reveal depictions that encouraged women to do some self-searching and find, or develop, inner strength. This study is designed to examine female role portrayals in a restricted patriarchal society. The results indicate that the ideology of motherhood is an accepted social orientation that the public readily identifies with. Results further indicate that beautification through medical products incorporates an emotional element of religious healing and that the objectification of beauty in the media reveals a possible neglect of women's internal beauty. PMID:21360223
袁文华; 高国贞; 陈莉; 王玉珊
Objective To discuss the specific demand of diabetic patients receiviug insulin pump treatment for nursing esthetics,in order to provide reference information for further enhancing the compliance of diabetic patients receiving insulin pump treatment.Methods Quality study as well as non-structural depth interview and observation were used to gather materials from 13 diabetic patients,and the data was analyzed with content analytic method.Results The demand of diabetes patients receiving insulin pump treatment for nursing esthetics included the basic nursing esthetics service and the nursing esthetics service specialized in diabetic insulin pump treatment,all of which could be realized through such efforts as the language therapy and the psychological support therapy,using esthetics exaggeration effect to create a happy atmosphere in a hospital ward environment,and through the beautification of environment or nursing operational esthetics.Conclusions In view of such demand,it is necessary to further the beautification of the items and content of nursing service,so as to enhance the compliance of the diabetic patients receiving iusulin pump treatment.%目的 探讨糖尿病胰岛素治疗患者对护理美学的具体需求,为进一步提高糖尿病患者胰岛素泵治疗依从性提供参考信息.方法 采用质性研究方法,以非结构式深度访谈法和观察法对13例糖尿病患者进行个体化的深入访谈,使用内容分析法分析资料.结果 糖尿病胰岛素治疗患者对护理美学的需求包括基本护理美学服务和具有糖尿病胰岛素泵专科的护理美学服务,这些需求可以通过语言疗法与心理支持疗法,运用美学的渲染力创造美好的病房环境氛围,通过美化环境来促进舒适及通过护理操作美等途径来实现.结论 针对糖尿病胰岛索泵治疗患者护理美学的需求,应不断美化护理服务项目和内容,从而进一步提高糖尿病患者胰岛素泵治疗依从性.
Radava R Korać
Full Text Available Herbs have been used in medicines and cosmetics from centuries. Their potential to treat different skin diseases, to adorn and improve the skin appearance is well-known. As ultraviolet (UV radiation can cause sunburns, wrinkles, lower immunity against infections, premature aging, and cancer, there is permanent need for protection from UV radiation and prevention from their side effects. Herbs and herbal preparations have a high potential due to their antioxidant activity, primarily. Antioxidants such as vitamins (vitamin C, vitamin E, flavonoids, and phenolic acids play the main role in fighting against free radical species that are the main cause of numerous negative skin changes. Although isolated plant compounds have a high potential in protection of the skin, whole herbs extracts showed better potential due to their complex composition. Many studies showed that green and black tea (polyphenols ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure. The gel from aloe is believed to stimulate skin and assist in new cell growth. Spectrophotometer testing indicates that as a concentrated extract of Krameria triandra it absorbs 25 to 30% of the amount of UV radiation typically absorbed by octyl methoxycinnamate. Sesame oil resists 30% of UV rays, while coconut, peanut, olive, and cottonseed oils block out about 20%. A "sclerojuglonic" compound which is forming from naphthoquinone and keratin is the reaction product that provides UV protection. Traditional use of plant in medication or beautification is the basis for researches and making new trends in cosmetics. This review covers all essential aspects of potential of herbs as radioprotective agents and its future prospects.
After 30 years of rapid development, Shenzhen fo-rmatted more than 70 of the granite quarry pit. About 30 of t-hem at the quarry pit has been planning for construction land or park, but there are stil about 40 into the waste pit. These ab-andoned pits not only affect the Shenzhen city environment, but also has the hidden danger of serious geological disaster. For the beautification of Shenzhen geological environment, el-iminating the potential geological disaster, relieving Shenzhen city land resources, therefore, it is necessary and significance to explore the geological environment comprehensive manage-ment of abandoned quarries in Shenzhen area.% 深圳市经过30年的高速发展，形成逾70余处的花岗岩石场坑口。其中约30处石场坑口已陆续规划为建设用地或公园，但仍有约40处成了废弃的坑口。这些废弃坑口不仅影响深圳的城市环境，还存在严重的地质灾害隐患。为美化深圳地质环境，消除地质灾害隐患，缓解深圳市的土地资源，因此，对深圳废弃石场进行地质环境综合治理的探讨很有必要和意义。
Olokeogun, O. S.; Akintola, O. O.; Abodunrin, E. K.
This study demonstrates the potentials of Geographic Information System (GIS) as a management tool for avenue trees (Street trees) populations in small communities (using Idi-Ishin community, Ibadan, Nigeria as a case study). GIS is a decision support system which integrate data or set of data from different sources, bringing them under the same referencing system in a computer system. An Ikonos Imagery (1m Spatial Resolution) of the study area was digitized to produce a digital map using ArcGIS 10.1 version. The avenue trees species ≥ 5cm diameter at breast height (DBH) was selected for enumeration. These trees were then measured and tagged. The Height, Girth and Geographic location (X &Y coordinate) of the trees were measured with Haga altimeter, Girthing tape and Hand held Global Positioning System (GPS) respectively. The species and families of the trees enumerated were also identified. Data were analysed for basal area (BA) and volume (V). A total number of 43 avenue trees were assessed in Idi-Ishin Community. Roystonea regia accounted for the majority of the avenue trees (25.58%), followed by Polyanthia longiflora (23.26%), Gliricida seprium (20.93%), Eucalyptus toreliana (13.95%), Delunix regea (6.98%). However Terminalia catapa, Terminalia radii, Azadrachita indica and Newbodia levis had the same abundance of 2.33%. It was also observed that the benefits derived from these avenue trees includes; Carbon sequestration, Beautification, Wind break and shade. A spatial relational database was created for the assessed avenue trees using ArcCatalog of ArcGIS 10.1 version. Based on the findings from the study (which serves as baseline information for the management of the avenue trees in the study area), it was therefore recommended that subsequent assessment should be carried out at 3-5 year interval in other to ensure proper and continuous monitoring and updating of the data.
Korać, Radava R; Khambholja, Kapil M
Herbs have been used in medicines and cosmetics from centuries. Their potential to treat different skin diseases, to adorn and improve the skin appearance is well-known. As ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause sunburns, wrinkles, lower immunity against infections, premature aging, and cancer, there is permanent need for protection from UV radiation and prevention from their side effects. Herbs and herbal preparations have a high potential due to their antioxidant activity, primarily. Antioxidants such as vitamins (vitamin C, vitamin E), flavonoids, and phenolic acids play the main role in fighting against free radical species that are the main cause of numerous negative skin changes. Although isolated plant compounds have a high potential in protection of the skin, whole herbs extracts showed better potential due to their complex composition. Many studies showed that green and black tea (polyphenols) ameliorate adverse skin reactions following UV exposure. The gel from aloe is believed to stimulate skin and assist in new cell growth. Spectrophotometer testing indicates that as a concentrated extract of Krameria triandra it absorbs 25 to 30% of the amount of UV radiation typically absorbed by octyl methoxycinnamate. Sesame oil resists 30% of UV rays, while coconut, peanut, olive, and cottonseed oils block out about 20%. A "sclerojuglonic" compound which is forming from naphthoquinone and keratin is the reaction product that provides UV protection. Traditional use of plant in medication or beautification is the basis for researches and making new trends in cosmetics. This review covers all essential aspects of potential of herbs as radioprotective agents and its future prospects. PMID:22279374
From perspective of consumer psychology,it analyzed the differences between man and woman and discussed the gender distinctions in terms of individual physiology,mental process and consumer psychology and behavior.Then it emphasized the feasibility and necessity of highlighting the gender differences when package designing.On this basis,it formulated the strategy of gender-differential designing,namely,to apply different packing material,colors patterns,style and wordage to highlight the gender differences,and to pay attention to the gender-differential designing through different packaging identification,beautification,promotion,and symbol.%从消费心理学的视角分析了男女两性的差异,论述了消费者在个性心理与心理过程以及消费心理行为特征方面的性别差异,说明了包装设计性别差异化表现的可行性和必要性。在此基础上提出了商品包装的性别差异化设计策略,即对材料使用、色彩运用、图案造型以及文字说明等包装要素进行性别差异化设计;对商品包装的识别、美化、促销、象征等心理功能的展示予以性别差异化表现。
Urban forestry has been defined as the art, science and technology of managing trees and forest resources in and around urban community ecosystems for the physiological, sociological, economic and aesthetic benefits trees provide. The importance of urban forestry has received limited attention in many poor countries as it is often percieved as being associated with beautification projects, which are considered a luxury benefiting only the wealthier part of the population. However, urban forestry may have a number ofenvironmental, economic and socio-cultural values, which will also benefit poorer segments of city populations.Even in poorer countries, planning for urban trees and forests is a good investment, as these areas will be demanded when income levels increase. Once everything is allocated to other construction or infrastructure,it may be very difficult to create new green areas unless these are planned for.The Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning has been leading actor in the development of Urban Forestry during the last decade. EUFORIC (European Urban Forestry Research and Information Centre),COST Action E12 “Urban Forests and Trees” and E39 “Forests, Trees and Human Health and Wellbeing” are all examples of activities initiated and coordinated by the Danish centre. It has also developed urban forestry and urban greening as a concept for environment and development aid projects in Eastern Europe and developing countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa. Over the coming years, the main challange will be to ensure that the expansion of the green infrastructure in the world's urban areas is implemented within the framework of sustainability and human health and well-being, without the use of a technology inimical to man and nature and with as few chemical aids as possible.
Full Text Available Abstract Ethiopia is facing rapid urbanization leading to overcrowding and the development of slums and informal settlements with poor waste management practices. Urban dwellers generally consume more resources than rural dwellers and so generate huge quantities of solid wastes. This study is focused on the overall assessment of the existing MSWM service of Gondar town. The overall objective of this study was assessing the current solid waste management service of Gondar town. Both primary and secondary sources were used to achieve the objectives. The analysis of this study was carried out using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The findings of this study revealed that the present system of MSWM in Gondar town entirely relied on the municipality which provided the full range of waste collection transportation and disposal service. But the provision of this service is not kept in pace with the town solid waste generation. Based on the findings of this study the town households dominantly produced biodegradable solid wastes with generation rate of 0.21kgpersonday. This made the daily total solid waste generation of households to be 8140Kg. Together with other four solid waste sources the total daily solid waste generation of the town is about 11660 kg. So that MSWM of the town is found in very low status and spatial coverage. This poor status of MSWM is also intensified by three critical factors i.e poor institutional structure and capacity of Sanitation and beautification limited participation and contribution of stakeholders and poor households solid waste management practices. This study concluded that there should be sustainable solid waste management systems reuse recycle composting and incineration through awareness creation and training improvement of SB institutional structure and capacity and implementation of integrated MSWM approach which recognizes and comprises all stakeholders in the town.
Full Text Available Various human activities created in the quest to achieve a higher level of development, has led to the misuse of the urban open spaces in Nigeria. With the natural areas constantly being destroyed by man’s activities of building, refuse dumping, squatter settlements among others and little is being done about beautification throughlandscaping. Furthermore, lack of coordination of physical planning activities within major towns and cities have resulted into an unpleasant quality of the environment. Creating and developing open spaces within a community can help meet many needs such as adding to the general aesthetics, encouraging leisure activities, community interaction and cohesion, encouraging active and healthy lifestyles, preserving and putting into good use land which otherwise would have been used for unattractive purposes. It is fundamentally important that open spaces within the built environment in Nigeria be created and improved to enhance the quality of the environment as well as the life of the people. Using the secondary source of data gathering, the paper reviews literatures on the general use and importance of open spaces in the built environment in Nigeria and critically examines the effects of improper use on human well-being and the quality of the environment. It asserts that there is the need for an improvement in physical planning through effective collaborative efforts between the stakeholders in the building industry, the populace/residents and government agencies, and suggests ways in which open spaces can be made an integral part of a sustainable and healthy environment in Nigeria through landscape planning and management.
通过对不同居住小区外部环境的实地调查,认为居住小区外部绿地作为小区绿化的重要组成部分,能够在突出绿化和美化效果、满足人性化设计需求、体现个性化的景观特点方面发挥作用,对于整个小区景观环境质量有较大的影响.针对居住小区外部绿地景观在设计中存在的部分问题进行了分析,主要从植物配置方式、景观表现效果、景观差异性等方面展开讨论,并且就以上问题提出了相应的改进意见和建议,认为小区外部绿地应完善植物配置形式,提高景观的文化内涵,做到以人为本,合理组织空间.以期对小区外部环境的营造有一定的参考作用.%The investigation shows that external green space is an important part of the public landscaping for all residential districts, because it is able to highlight effects of landscaping and beautification, satisfy needs of human-centered designs and show individualized landscape characteristics, moreover, it shows great influence on the landscape quality of residential districts. In view of problems in landscape design of residential districts. This study focuses on plant furnishing patterns, landscape demonstration effects and landscape differences, and then gives suggestions correspondingly, for example, plant furnishing patterns and cultural connotations of landscapes should be improved, human needs put on the top priority, and spaces organized in a proper way. The study aims to provide useful reference for the construction of external environment in residential districts.
Full Text Available Due to the cultural differences and in many respect similarities, Kazakh euphemism is slightly different from that of Turkish, but they are almost identical in pragmatic functions. Euphemism has numerous pragmatic functions, but five of them are taboo, avoiding vulgarity, concealing, beautification and humor. Euphemism is frenkuently used in daily communications. Using euphemism correctly can create harmonious atmosphere and build good personal relationship. Euphemism is the reflection of society, and its development is closely related to religions, social psychology and politics. In this paper, the constituent ways of euphemism and principles of its use in Kazakh and Turkish will be examined and discuessed.Kavramları adlandırma ihtiyacı duyan birey, adlandırdığı olguyu toplumsal ortama taşımada çoğu zaman baskı yemiştir. Tabu kavramı ile açıklanabilecek bu baskı, aslında hem bireysel hem de toplumsal boyutlar taşımaktadır. Toplumsal tabu, yasakçıdır ve kuralcıdır. Tabu sonucunda birey ve toplum iletişimde dil içerisinde başka bir alt dil alanı oluşturmak zorunda kalmıştır. Ortaya çıkan bu dilsel alana örtmece (örtük anlatım adı verilmiştir. Örtmece (euphemism, dilin sosyo-psikolojik boyutunda yer alır ve aslında bir zenginlik kaynağı olarak kabul edilmelidir. Bu çalışmada, tabuların baskısı sonucunda ortaya çıkan örtmeceler üzerinde durulacaktır. Milli, yerel, geleneksel ve tarihsel boyutları da olan örtmecenin, oluşum mantığı ve oluşum yolları değerlendirilecektir. Kazak Türkçesi ve Türkiye Türkçesinin örtmece mantığı ele alınacak, diğer Türk lehçelerinden ve dillerden örneklerle konu tartışılacaktır.
在园林绿化设计中，植物已经成为营造园林景观的重要形式。植物有着绿化和美化环境、净化空气的作用。除了美化、净化和绿化，芳香植物香化环境的作用比较突出。芳香植物不仅能兼具药用植物的特性，更能产生香料作用，能给观赏者以强烈的视觉感受，营造出视觉和嗅觉的双重美感。也就是说芳香植物是同时兼具药用植物和香料植物共有属性的植物类；观赏芳香植物是能用于绿化园林的芳香植物，是具有一定观赏价值的芳香植物，这类植物不仅具有观赏价值、药用价值，还含有香料成分，因而广泛用于香料、医药、化妆品、食品加工等行业。%the landscape design has become an important form to create a landscape of plants. Plant with green and beautify the environment, air purification effect. In addition to the beautification, purification and greening, aromatic plants the role of aromatization environment is more outstanding. Can not only both the characteristics of medicinal plants, aromatic plants can produce more spices, can give the viewer with strong visual feeling, build a dual aesthetic feeling of vision and the sense of smel . That is fragrant plant medicinal plants and herbs at the same time there are properties of plants; Ornamental aromatic plants is the fragrant plant can be used for greening landscape, is has certain ornamental value of aromatic plants, these plants not only has the ornamental value, medicinal value, also contain flavor ingredients, and therefore is widely used for spices, medicine, cosmetics, food processing industries.
Walther, Marc; Kolditz, Olaf; Grundmann, Jens; Liedl, Rudolf
the groundwater model, scenarios will be evaluated considering various target figures (i.e. agricultural water demand, drinking water supply, "beautification", tourism, industry etc.). Within these scenarios, marine saltwater encroachment should be minimized or saline groundwater should even be pushed back into the coastal direction, thus stabilizing the natural equilibrium between continental freshwater flux and seawater intrusion and ensuring a long-term, stable usage of the agricultural areas. Literature KOLDITZ O., DELFS J.-O., BÜRGER C.-M., BEINHORN M., PARK C.-H. (2008): Numerical analysis of coupled hydrosystems based on an object-oriented compartment approach. J. Hydroinformatics, 10(3): 227-244, DOI: 10.2166/hydro.2008.003.
Full Text Available This article presents the author's technique and experience in the treatment of the flaccid "unhappy buttock" form with his surgical procedure of buttock lift by suture, without incision scars. The author first presented this new operation technique on a national level at the 2nd Annual Meeting of the National Bulgarian Society for Aesthetic Surgery and Aesthetic Medicine in Sofia on March 18, 1994  and internationally at many scientific meetings over the world [2, 3, 4…]. The result is a visual change in the buttock position to a higher one, which elongates the lower limbs and changes the proportions between lower and upper half of the body. The aim of this study is to describe a mini-invasive procedure of beautification of the buttock form without scars by creating a lifting effect on the buttock's subcutaneous tissue, using a suture that takes the inferiorly positioned deep fibrose tissue and fixes it upwards to the sacro-cutaneous fascia, discovered by the author. Aesthetic and technical considerations required properly sculpting the buttocks into a higher position, demonstrating nicely rounded form. Preoperative shape is discussed and patient evaluations, operative techniques, postoperative management and results after 4 years of experience are emphasized. 1032 female patients, and 26 male patients aged 18-62 years, with ptosis and cellulite on the buttocks were treated since 1993 on an outpatient basis by the "Serdev suture technique without visible scars". Important instrumentarium is a long, curved, elastic needle and Polycon semi-elastic Bulgarian antimicrobial polycaproamide long term (in 2 years absorbable surgical threads Polycon, produced in Bulgaria. This operation has been performed either alone or after ultrasonic assisted liposculpture (UAL that reduces the amount of fat and heaviness. All patients reported a high degree of satisfaction. A stable improvement in the buttock position and form was observed for the period
陈瑞琴; 林辉; 张秋霞
健美操是在音乐的伴奏下，以身体练习为基本手段、以有氧运动为基础，达到增进健康、塑造形体和娱乐目的的一项体育运动。健美操最重要的技术是弹动技术，主要是依靠踝、膝、髋关节的屈伸缓冲而产生，减少运动对关节的冲力，从而减少对人体造成的损伤。踝关节本体感觉能力的增加，可提高踝关节周围神经肌肉控制能力，使踝关节在弹动、跳跃落地时保持身体的协调稳定，控制整个身体姿态，达到美化动作，提高运动技术水平的能力。本研究以健美操训练对女大学生踝关节力觉影响的实验研究为研究对象，旨在探讨健美操运动对踝关节的力觉各指标的影响，为减少踝关节运动损伤的发生和健美操的教学训练、比赛提供一定的理论依据。%Gymnastics is in the accompaniment of music, to exercise as the basic method, based on aerobic exercise, to promote health, sport and entertainment purposes shape. Aerobics is the most important technology of bounding techniques, is mainly caused by the ankle, knee, hip flexion and extension buffer, reduce the impact motion of the joint, thereby reducing the human body caused by injury. Increase the ankle proprioception, can improve the ability of the ankle joint control of peripheral nerve muscle, make the ankle joint to maintain coordination and stable body in move, jump landing, control the whole body posture, achieve beautification action, improve the ability of the movement technical level. In this study, the experimental study of Aerobics on female college students' Ankle haptic effects of training as the research object, aims to explore the aerobics every index of ankle joint force, which provides a theoretical basis for the ankle joint sports injury and aerobics teaching and training, competition.
María Luisa Arancibia Muñoz
, implemented in educational institutions in the district of Chiguayante, in the framework of the fund to support the Community Management Plan Municipal Public Security. This project was part of a research design action as intended to contribute to the transformation and educational praxis. The most important results of the diagnostic phase of the school project realize toxic climates in schools, in terms of communication, conflict management, empathy and living spaces. From these findings are several interventions in schools following the guidelines of the policy of school life and the human rights approach. On line training key educational actors, circuit training was implemented in theoretical and practical mode with the teaching staff. Training spaces and reflection on school life for the student population were also generated in the line of awareness and dissemination to parents and guardians, gave information and tools on prevention of violence. On improving physical living spaces were built seating, mural design, beautification group classrooms and the construction of a meeting room for students. The most important conclusion about interventions based on the need to discuss and highlight the policy of coexistence in schools and on the other hand, the human rights approach is applied transversely in schools, trying to educate for peace, tolerance and acceptance of cultural diversity.
neighborhood relationships,and lower community satisfaction.The urban redevelopment projects promoted by the Asian Games were highly efficient and effective in terms of physical environment improvement and urban beautification.In the meantime,this breathtaking redevelopment movement had brought about profound impact on local residents' lives in regard to physical,social,and psychological perspectives.In respect of physical changes,affected residents did experience an improved built environment and local facilities.However,the negative impact imposed on affected residents at social and psychological levels has overwhelmed the positive effects at physical level.Obviously,the local communities and residents have borne the severe social costs of the “magnificent and successful” urban redevelopment movement ignited by the Asian Games.
O. M. Ramírez
del implante, una infección (tratada con irrigación antibiótica y succión, sin necesidad de cambiar el implante y un paciente que precisó remodelación del tamaño del implante. Aunque inicialmente este método se publicó en el año 2000 como técnica mediante abordaje abierto con incisiones intraorales, actualmente recomendamos el método endoscópico, con el cual hemos realizado más de 100 intervenciones, por ser más ventajoso en términos de riesgo de infección. El Sistema Matriz de Implante Mandibular es altamente exitoso por el nivel de satisfacción de los pacientes, la evolución postoperatoria favorable y las expectativas estéticas logradas.One of the most frequent aesthetic problems and of a difficult correction that affects the lower third of the face is the disharmony between the soft tissues and the underlying skeletal support. A loss of volume or a genetically small mandible affects the aesthetics and function of the mouth, chin, and neck. The limitations of the conventional techniques and the limited aesthetic results obtained with those motivated the author to develop a system of implants and a technique of three-dimensional remodeling of the mandible. This system is called Mandibular Matrix Implant System. The Mandibular Matrix Implant System consists of several units, an articulated wraparound geniomandibular implant and two wraparound gonial angle implants, one for each side. A prejowl implant can be integrated in the system as an additional implant as overlay or as a replacement for the chin implant. The implants are made of biocompatible high density porous polyethylene that allows his reshaping and adaptation to the aesthetic needs of every patient. In addition they assemble perfectly to the bony surface of the mandible. It is indicated primarily for the beautification of the facial framework. It can be performed as a separated procedure or in combination with a facial rejuvenation. It is also used in edentulous patients or in those with
杨建明; 余雅玲; 游丽兰
than the other two groups. Visitor Group for Satisfying Interest and Hobbies is in the intermediate state,visitors with no fixed occupation are slightly more than the visitors with fixed occupation,and visitors with medium income are slightly more than the visitors with high income and low income. Visitors in this group have stronger motivation for Interests and Hobbies than the other two groups. According to the discovered 3 visitor groups and their difference in recreation motivations,some concrete measures were proposed such as development of diversified recreational projects,improvement of recreational facilities and introduction of new species, protection and beautification of the park environment.