Sample records for battles military


    Deon Visser


    Full Text Available The South African Military Academy was established in 1950 as a branch of theSA Military College, under the academic auspices of the University of Pretoria. Amere three years later, in 1953, the Union Defence Force decided to relocate theAcademy to Saldanha and to establish it as an independent military unit under thewings of Stellenbosch University. The relocation process took place during1955/1956, shortly after construction of the Academy buildings at Saldanha hadstarted. As a result, Stellenbosch University agreed to accommodate the Academystaff and students on the mother campus until the facilities at Saldanha werecompleted. However, not all civilian students welcomed the military students on theMatie campus, which culminated in the so-called ‘Battle of Wilgenhof’ in 1957.This article investigates the origins, extent, outcome and consequences of theconflict between military and civilian students on the campus of StellenboschUniversity in the mid-1950s. It contends that the conflict was rooted in culturalrather than political differences, that the antagonism towards the military studentswas in essence restricted to the residents of Wilgenhof and that the ‘Battle ofWilgenhof’ had no lasting impact on the interaction between military and civilianstudents at Stellenbosch University.

  2. Examining Reactive Arthropathy in Military Skeletal Assemblages: A Pilot Study Using the Mass Grave Assemblage from the Battle of Towton (1461

    Meghan Elizabeth Banton


    Full Text Available Military personnel are often subjected to physical exertion, sleep deprivation, deficient diets, overcrowding, and stress. All of these influences are capable of compromising the immune system’s ability to ward off disease-causing bacteria, thus explaining why the historical narrative of war is frequently accompanied by reports of death and suffering due to epidemics of infectious diseases. Historically some of the most common infections included: diarrhoea, dysentery, typhoid fever, gonorrhoea, and streptococcal tonsillitis. The bacteria which cause these diseases are also capable of triggering arthritis. When an arthritic condition is triggered by an infectious microbe it can broadly be referred to as “reactive arthropathy,” of which the spondyloarthritides (SpAs are of great interest. Since the bacteria associated with these arthritic conditions are responsible for the epidemics which have plagued combatants for centuries, it is reasonable to assume that reactive arthropathy was present in past military populations. This assertion can be tested through a prevalence study of military related skeletal assemblages. To test the methodology and gain preliminary results for this research project, a pilot study was carried out using remains from the 1461 Battle of Towton. The methodology was deemed to be sound and the statistical results, while not significant, were promising.

  3. Examining Reactive Arthropathy in Military Skeletal Assemblages: A Pilot Study Using the Mass Grave Assemblage from the Battle of Towton (1461)

    Meghan Elizabeth Banton


    Military personnel are often subjected to physical exertion, sleep deprivation, deficient diets, overcrowding, and stress. All of these influences are capable of compromising the immune system’s ability to ward off disease-causing bacteria, thus explaining why the historical narrative of war is frequently accompanied by reports of death and suffering due to epidemics of infectious diseases. Historically some of the most common infections included: diarrhoea, dysentery, typhoid fever, gonorrho...

  4. Musculoskeletal disorders in main battle tank personnel

    Nissen, Lars Ravnborg; Guldager, Bernadette; Gyntelberg, Finn


    PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders of personnel in the main battle tank (MBT) units in the Danish army with those of personnel in other types of army units, and to investigate associations between job function in the tank, military rank, and musculoskeletal problems. ...

  5. Battling Sexual Abuse

    Dessoff, Alan


    From costly lawsuits on behalf of victims to negative media coverage, districts can face potentially devastating consequences as a result of sexual abuse of their students by district employees. This article offers a few tips on how to battle sexual abuse particularly in school districts. The author stresses that by adopting strong policies that…

  6. Towards the conservation of Hong Kong's military heritage : the first survey of the surviving military features at Wong Nai Chung Gap, Hong Kong Island

    Ching, Siu-tong; 程肇堂


    During the Battle of Hong Kong fought in December 1941, Wong Nai Chung Gap was a major battlefield as it was a strategic location. Like almost all battlefields in this Battle, however, the defensive military installations within the subject area, most in ruins nowadays, have never been professionally surveyed with the purpose of mapping the military buildings of the battlefield apart from those reported in Lai et al (2011) to better fathom the flow of battle. Indeed, the only professionally s...


    Ian Van der Waag


    Full Text Available William Seymour has produced the field guide to British battlefields for which military historians and battlefield tramplers have been waiting. Battles in Britain is a detailed account of thirty-two major battles fought on British soil from the Norse invasion under King Harold Hardrada (September 1066 through to the second Jacobite insurrection (1746. Every campaign, battle or action is skilfully analysed and the combat circumstances of each case are vividly recreated. Special attention is given to strategy, tactics and the principles of war - the professed focus of the book. The discussion is in most instances familiar: the use of interior lines by Harold Godwinson in 1066 and again by the Roundheads during the English Civil War; the successful usage of a Fabian strategy by the Scots in their wars against the English, and their often suffering defeat when pursuing a combat strategy. While most similar works stop here, Seymour goes further. He not only attempts to describe the emotions of the men (fear, boredom, weariness, despair, defiance and exhilaration, but also sets each battle against the political and historical background of the time. Seymour addresses not only the causes for each of the wars, but also the justness of each protagonist's resort to arms. This provision of context, and of the backdrop against which the campaigns and battles took place, is essential.

  8. Remembering the Battle for Australia

    Elizabeth Rechniewski


    Full Text Available For the last two years, Australia has commemorated, on the first Wednesday in September, the ‘Battle for Australia Day’, to mark the role of Australian forces fighting the Japanese in the Pacific in WWII. The aim of this article is to identify the agents involved in the campaign for the gazetting of this day and the justifications advanced; to trace the conflicting narratives and political and historical controversies surrounding the notion of a ‘Battle for Australia’; and to outline the shifts in domestic and international politics and generational change that provide the context for the inauguration of this day.

  9. The Confusion of the Battlefield. A New Perspective on the Tapestries of the Battle of Pavia (c. 1525-1531

    Paredes, Cecilia


    Full Text Available This contribution is devoted to the tapestry cycle of the Battle of Pavia conserved at the Museo Capodimonte in Naples. Seven tapestries compose this prestigious tapestry set that commemorates the first military success of Charles V: the battle held in Pavia on 24 February 1525. Up to now the tapestries have been interpreted as independent panels representing different episodes of the battle. In this contribution we will show that the seven panels actually originated in one single design, which we rediscovered by assembling them in a different sequence. In fact, the panels provide a description of the battle in a fabulous and unique panoramic landscape: the most monumental siege city view ever conceived in the sixteenth century. This discovery not only changes our lecture of the tapestries, but also raises numerous questions that should be addressed in future studies.

  10. Predicting battle outcomes with classification trees

    Coban, Muzaffer.


    Historical combat data analysis is a way of understanding the factors affecting battle outcomes. Current studies mostly prefer simulations that are based on mathematical abstractions of battles. However, these abstractions emphasize objective variables, such as force ratio. Models have very limited abilities of modeling important intangible factors like morale, leadership, and luck. Historical combat analysis provides a way to understand battles with the data taken from the actual battlefield...

  11. Economics of 1571 Battle of Lepanto

    Gregory Zorzos


    This is a paper about the economics of the Battle of Lepando (Nafpaktos) in Greece during the year 1571, when the Western League entered into a decisive naval battle with the Ottomans. The western ships, with the help of Greeks, won this naval Battle. In this naval battle the Western League spent 12,111,390 ducats and had 285 ships under the Pope's flag. There were 273 Ottoman ships. The types of ships are: Galleys, Bilanders, Brigantines, Galleon, Galleass,Caravels, Pinques, Snows, Hulks etc...

  12. Medical aspects of the Battle of Waterloo: the battle.

    Crumplin, Mick


    The Duke of Wellington's polyglot army assembled for the Waterloo campaign was hastily aggregated and the Army Medical Department was somewhat short of staff and not entirely of the calibre of the department serving latterly in the Peninsular campaigns. The casualty rates during the battles of this campaign were high and the regimental and hospital staff struggled with the large number of casualties. Lack of stretcher bearers and transport were significant problems, which were compounded by the high density of the casualties. Three quarters of the surviving wounded rejoined their units. PMID:25525203

  13. Finding the important factors in battle outcomes: a statistical exploration of data from major battles

    Yigit, Faruk


    This study explores important factors in battle outcomes through a statistical analysis of data from major historical battles. The data set of CDB90FT has been made available and documented by the Center for Army Analysis (CAA). The quality of the historical data is good. There are 660 battles listed in the data set containing over 140 numerical features for each battle. The earliest battle in the data Set is the Netherlands' War of Independence in 1600, while the last one is from the Israel-...


    Wee, Eileen


    'War belongs to the province of business competition, which is also a conflict of human interests and activities.' Karl von Clausewitz, On War Today's marketing is war, where the competition is the enemy and the objective is to win over the battle just like any other military warfare. In war, you win by outwitting, outflanking, and over powering the enemy. The territory you take is only a reflection of your ability to these things. Analogies...

  15. The Battling 'Bots of Bloomsburg High

    Gorman, Lynn


    In this article, the author describes how students in Kirk Marshall's industrial technology class at Bloomsburg Area High School, Pennsylvania, designed and manufactured battling robots (BattleBots) and their participation in an annual national robotics competition. According to Marshall, designing and building a complex robot would be virtually…

  16. The First South African Armoured Battle in Italy during the Second World War: The Battle of Celleno – 10 June 1944

    Evert Kleynhans


    Full Text Available The formation of 6 South African Armoured Division (6 SA Armd Div, during February 1943, afforded the Union Defence Force (UDF the chance to expand its military capabilities to that of armoured warfare.  An armoured division further offered South Africa the opportunity to equip the UDF with modern fighting equipment and to master the art of combined warfare.  Actual deployment in Italy differed vastly from the training which the division received in North Africa, for Italy was arguably, largely “untankable”.  The Division’s first battle occurred at Celleno, on 10 June 1944, where it was able to “prove” itself by securing its first victory.  As far as secondary sources are concerned, the Battle of Celleno is only superficially covered.  Primary sources are however abundant, thus adding to the rich history which is available on the Division.  This article analyses the Battle of Celleno, fought by 11 SA Armoured Brigade, in the context of the notion of “first battles”.[i] Emphasis will be placed on the training received prior to deployment, the Battle of Celleno, the lessons that were learned by the division at Celleno, and the way these influenced future operations in Italy.  The Division’s combined-arms approach is also evaluated, with specific emphasis on changing patterns of leadership, command, and employment of the Division after Celleno. [i] CE Heller & WA Stofft (eds. America’s first battles 1776–1965. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1986, ix–xiii.

  17. Military Discrimination.

    Hunter, Richard W.


    Argues that while a certain level of fairness is necessary in considering the equity of compulsory military service, the most important issue is that of "winning the war." Also asserts that sex, age, and race discrimination are more important than social class discrimination in military service. (Author/GC)

  18. FDA Approves Implant to Battle Opioid Addiction

    ... gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_159050.html FDA Approves Implant to Battle Opioid Addiction Experts say steady dosing ... 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A new long-acting implant that can help treat people addicted to heroin ...

  19. Are Cyber Weapons Effective Military Tools

    Emilio Iasiello


    Full Text Available Cyber-attacks are often viewed in academic and military writings as strategic asymmetric weapons, great equalizers with the potential of leveling the battlefield between powerful nations and those less capable. However, there has been little evidence to suggest that cyber-attacks are a genuine military option in a state-on-state conflict. In instances of actual military operations (e.g., Afghanistan, Georgia, Iraq, and Israel/Gaza, there is little accompanying evidence of a military conducting cyber-attacks against either a civilian or military target. Given that some of the nation states that have been involved in military conflict or peacekeeping missions in hostile areas are believed to have some level of offensive cyber capability, this may be indicative. More substantive examples demonstrate that cyber-attacks have been more successful in non-military activities, as they may serve as a clandestine weapon of subterfuge better positioned to incapacitate systems without alerting the victims, veiling the orchestrator’s true identity via proxy groups and plausible deniability. Consequently, this paper provides a counter argument to the idea that cyber tools are instrumental military weapons in modern day warfare; cyber weapons are more effective options during times of nation state tension rather than military conflict, and are more serviceable as a signaling tool than one designed to gain military advantage. In situations where state-on-state conflict exists, high value targets that need to be neutralized would most likely be attacked via conventional weapons where battle damage assessment can be easily quantified. This raises the question: are cyber weapons effective military tools?

  20. The medieval origins of the idea of “Holy Russia”. The commemoration of the Battle of Kulikovo (1380 in the Narration of the Battle with Mamai

    Marcello Garzaniti


    Full Text Available The Narration of the Battle with Mamai (Skazanie o Mamaevom poboišče, dedicated to the famous Russian military victory over the Tatars on the Kulikovo Field (1380, is generally considered the central work of the Kulikovo cycle. The anonymous author develops a consistent reinterpretation of the historical event in a liturgical and commemorative key by constantly adopting forms of prayer and of hagiographic narrative. The analysis of the numerous biblical quotations that weave the plot introduces the deeper meaning of Narration: the final incorporation of the Hellenistic-Christian chronotope in the Slavic "Orthodox Christianity" in which Moscow and "Russian land" have become central.

  1. SOA approach to battle command: simulation interoperability

    Mayott, Gregory; Self, Mid; Miller, Gordon J.; McDonnell, Joseph S.


    NVESD is developing a Sensor Data and Management Services (SDMS) Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) that provides an innovative approach to achieve seamless application functionality across simulation and battle command systems. In 2010, CERDEC will conduct a SDMS Battle Command demonstration that will highlight the SDMS SOA capability to couple simulation applications to existing Battle Command systems. The demonstration will leverage RDECOM MATREX simulation tools and TRADOC Maneuver Support Battle Laboratory Virtual Base Defense Operations Center facilities. The battle command systems are those specific to the operation of a base defense operations center in support of force protection missions. The SDMS SOA consists of four components that will be discussed. An Asset Management Service (AMS) will automatically discover the existence, state, and interface definition required to interact with a named asset (sensor or a sensor platform, a process such as level-1 fusion, or an interface to a sensor or other network endpoint). A Streaming Video Service (SVS) will automatically discover the existence, state, and interfaces required to interact with a named video stream, and abstract the consumers of the video stream from the originating device. A Task Manager Service (TMS) will be used to automatically discover the existence of a named mission task, and will interpret, translate and transmit a mission command for the blue force unit(s) described in a mission order. JC3IEDM data objects, and software development kit (SDK), will be utilized as the basic data object definition for implemented web services.

  2. Joint experimentation results from Fleet battle experiment Foxtrot

    Schacher, Gordon; Gallup, Shelley; Kimmel, Richard.; Sovereign, Michael


    Fleet Battle Experiments produce information that is relevant to Joint Experimentaion Objectives and Issues. This report presents an extraction of Joint Experimentation pertinent information from Fleet Battle Experiment Foxtrot.--Report Documentation Page. N0001401WR30407.

  3. Evidential Reasoning in Air Battle Systems


    Bayesian statistics assigns basic probabilities to singletons (single element sets). The Dempster-Shafer evidence theory generalizes Bayesian statistics by assigning basic probabilities to subsets to represent evidence and to develop evidential reasoning. This paper discusses what is the strength of evidence theory. As an application of evidence theory, evidential reasoning in air battle systems is discussed. In the air battle system, evidential reasoning is applied to fuse the multisensor information and identify the type of aircraft. The effectiveness of this fusion approach is evaluated by simulated data.


    Marko Zečević


    Full Text Available Geological structure of the terrain as a ground for a battlefield could be a significant factor for the success or failure of a military operation. The geology of the Belgian town of Ypres was an important, maybe even crucial factor, of the failure of the WWI Allied Powers offensive military operations against German Axis forces in 1917. The Early Eocene clays found at the ground surface at Ypres, coupled with excess precipitation, turned out to be utterly inappropriate for the fortification, movement, fighting and manoeuvring of all military units, especially the armoured units that were directed towards hardly passable routes. With selecting the unsuitable and hardly passable terrain, that is the direction of the attack, the British army had losses of the available combat potential and armoured forces were ineffective during the battle. The total number of Allied casualties was 448,000 dead, wounded, imprisoned and missing. This paper offers other possible solutions that would, from a military geographic and military geological viewpoint, have made a better solution for achieving the strategic goal required by the Allies on the eve of the Third Battle of Ypres in 1917.

  5. Battle over proposed Keystone pipeline continues

    Showstack, Randy


    Opposing sides in the battle over the proposed construction of the controversial Keystone XL pipeline continue to push their messages on the issue. The American Petroleum Institute (API) announced on 9 July that it has launched a new advertising campaign in support of the pipeline, which, if built, will ship oil from Canadian tar sands to refineries in the Gulf of Mexico.

  6. The Ukraine Crisis: The Battle of Superpowers

    Elmquist-Clausen, Caroline


    This project concerns the Ukraine crisis, and how the crisis can be explained as a battle between Russia and the West. The project takes it departure in neoclassical realism, and uses this theory to understand how the actors in the crisis balance each other.

  7. Team 16: Logistics Battle Command Model

    Baez, Francisco; Shockley, Jonathan; Sultz, Carston


    from Scythe : Proceedings and Bulletin of the International Data Farming Community, Issue 8 Workshop 20 This working group explored the use of the newly developed Logistics Battle Command (LBC) model prototype Graphical User Interface (GUI). Team 16 focused on the development and implementation of a logistics scenario designed to assess the operational impact of different strategies for the management and allocation of transportation assets.

  8. Sea battle-filed simulation based on Vega

    ZHANG Jing; CHEN Jie; GUO Mao-zu


    To study battle-field simulation methods based on Vega, a virtual battle-field simulated by an imaginary combat happened on the sea was designed. The simulation framework in the sea battle-filed included helicopter simulation, fire simulation, collision detection and detonation, and simulation of dynamic sea surface.The method to build the imulation environments and actions to them was discussed. And the simulation experiments were conducted. , It is indicated that the simulated sea battle-field based on Vega is feasible and helpful for forces and battle-field.


    J.B. Bloom


    Full Text Available The concepts of stress and stress management have drawn increasing attention as the issues they adress seem set to become a major part of man's response to the future shock of rapid, threatening change. As with other established institutions, the military is immune neither from the vast currents of change characteristic of the twentieth-century nor consequent pressures for adaptation.Since World War II, the rate of technological advancement in the military sphere has been accelerated to the point where it almost staggers the imagination. The galloping obsolescence of new weapons systems has profound implications, as the ever-increasing technological sophistication of warfare. It has thus been pointed out that the battlefield of the future, with its stark . possibility of continuous day-night combat with nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, could well provoke psychiatric casualties that after 30 days may begin to exceed battle casl.lalties.

  10. Military Science and Technology Culture Innovation in Military Reform%军事变革中军事科技文化的创新



    军事文化是推动军事变革的先导力量,人类军事历史的跨越,必然首先发轫于军事文化的突破.随着信息技术的不断发展和中国特色军事变革的推进,如何创新军事科技文化,从而有效推进我军战斗力的提升,是我们面临的一项重大课题.%Military culture is the pilot power to promote military reform, span of military history of the human, must first in the breakthrough of military culture. Along with the unceasing development of information technology and military revolution forward with Chinese characteristics, how to innovate the military science and technology culture, thus effectively promote our army battle ascension is a major issue we are faced with.

  11. Vukovar 1991 Battle and Cultural Memory

    Sandra Cvikić


    Full Text Available In this paper it is argued that Vukovar 1991 Battle traumatic memory wearing away process is a social issue and cannot be simply amputated by modernist narratives from accumulated traces of the past. Instead, those traumatic memories are constantly reconstructed, repressed, or transformed in some way or another under the pressure of manipulative power politics and competing ideologies in contemporary Croatian society.  Therefore, the question this paper asks is whether war crimes and atrocities committed in Vukovar 1991 have its meaningful place in the Croatian cultural memory and whether  social research techniques into contemporary cultural memory in Croatia can afford to avoid testimonial narrations of the Vukovar 1991 Battle and war experiences since they are an integral part of the collective memory?

  12. The battle of the sour futures contracts

    Fattouh, Bassam


    The Intercontinental Exchange (ICE) and the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) with its partner the Dubai Mercantile Exchange (DME) have been fiercely competing to create a viable and liquid sour oil futures contract that could serve as a pricing benchmark and as a mechanism for improved risk management. In part, this fierce competition reflects a battle between two very different approaches to oil trading and pricing. While ICE’s Middle East sour crude futures contract (launched on 21 May)...

  13. Indigenous Transmission for Main Battle Tank

    Natarajan, M


    Significant technical advances have been made in the design, development and in bringing out prototypes of most modern transmission for the Main Battle Tank by the CVRDE, Avadi. The transmission has been designed as a semi-automatic, heavy duty, power-transmission-cum-steering unit to provide for four forward and two reverse speeds with a steplessly variable radii of turn in each gear together with neutral turn capability. Test bed results are very encouraging and have shown the transmission'...

  14. Chronic pain management in the active-duty military

    Jamison, David; Cohen, Steven P.


    As in the general population, chronic pain is a prevalent and burdensome affliction in active-duty military personnel. Painful conditions in military members can be categorized broadly in terms of whether they arise directly from combat injuries (gunshot, fragmentation wound, blast impact) or whether they result from non-combat injuries (sprains, herniated discs, motor vehicle accidents). Both combat-related and non-combat-related causes of pain can further be classified as either acute or chronic. Here we discuss the state of pain management as it relates to the military population in both deployed and non-deployed settings. The term non-battle injury (NBI) is commonly used to refer to those conditions not directly associated with the combat actions of war. In the history of warfare, NBI have far outstripped battle-related injuries in terms not only of morbidity, but also mortality. It was not until improvements in health care and field medicine were applied in World War I that battle-related deaths finally outnumbered those attributed to disease and pestilence. However, NBI have been the leading cause of morbidity and hospital admission in every major conflict since the Korean War. Pain remains a leading cause of presentation to military medical facilities, both in and out of theater. The absence of pain services is associated with a low return-to-duty rate among the deployed population. The most common pain complaints involve the low-back and neck, and studies have suggested that earlier treatment is associated with more significant improvement and a higher return to duty rate. It is recognized that military medicine is often at the forefront of medical innovation, and that many fields of medicine have reaped benefit from the conduct of war.

  15. Battle Management Language capable Computer Generated Forces

    Bronkers, R.; Henderson, H.; Reus, N.M. de; Alstad, A; Mevassvik, O.M.; Skogsrud, G.


    The development of Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML) by SISO and its evaluation by the NATO MSG-085 task group and predecessor NATO MSG-048 has led Norway and the Netherlands to develop C-BML interfaces for their Command and Control Information Systems (C2ISs) NORTaC-C2IS and ISIS. FFI (Norway) and TNO (The Netherlands) are cooperating in extending a COTS Computer Generated Forces (CGF) tool with a C-BML interface for executing C-BML orders and issuing reports. The problem that has...

  16. Bacteria: prospective savior in battle against cancer.

    Nair, Neha; Kasai, Tomonari; Seno, Masaharu


    Conventional anticancer therapies such as chemotherapy are losing their sheen in the battle against cancer. Therefore, strategies for treatment of cancer need to be constantly modified to fulfill the growing demands of alternative therapies. Several viral and non-viral vectors have been exploited for anticancer gene therapy. But over the years bacteria have been proven to be an important candidate for successful evasion of cancer. They serve as invaluable source of tumor-specific anticancer genes, toxins, polysaccharides for synthesis of nanodrugs and gene-delivery vectors. The current review assesses the role of important bacterial groups in different spheres of anti-cancer research. PMID:25368227

  17. Muscle Activity during Unilateral Vs. Bilateral Battle Rope Exercises

    Calatayud, J.; Martin, F.; Colado, J. C.;


    Calatayud, J, Martin, F, Colado, JC, Benitez, JC, Jakobsen, MD, and Andersen, LL. Muscle activity during unilateral vs. bilateral battle rope exercises. J Strength Cond Res 29(10): 2854-2859, 2015High training intensity is important for efficient strength gains. Although battle rope training is m...


    Jacques Bezuidenhout


    Full Text Available Modern Military Geography is a new text that explores the relationship between geography and military conflict. As such, it covers many different scenarios and operational theatres and brings perspective to the link between local topography, hydrographical settings, climate, coastal conditions and military operations. The text goes further by examining the influence of secondary factors, which include, biological, health and environmental issues on military operations. The unique interaction between physical conditions and the geopolitical realities of different geographical settings are well illustrated. This book is therefore an excellent addition to the fields of military geography and military history, as well as other related military disciplines.

  19. Reinventing military retirement

    Pyle, Mark D.


    The thesis examines the possibility of applying private sector retirement plan principles to the military retirement system. The increasing cost and generosity of military retirement coupled with political pressures to reduce federal spending have focused attention on reforming the military retirement system. Previous studies of the military retirement system are addressed and critiqued. Private retirement options are reviewed and a 401(k) plan is proposed to replace the current military reti...

  20. Expert system technology for the military

    This paper is concerned with the applications of expert systems to complex military problems. A brief description of needs for expert systems in the military arena is given. A short tutorial on some of the elements of an expert system is found in Appendix I. An important aspect of expert systems concerns using uncertain information and ill-defined procedures. Many of the general techniques of dealing with uncertainty are described in Appendix II. These techniques include Bayesian certainty factors, Dempster-Shafer theory of uncertainty, and Zadeh's fuzzy set theory. The major portion of the paper addresses specific expert system examples such as resource allocation, identification of radar images, maintenance and troubleshooting of electronic equipment, and the interpretation and understanding of radar images. Extensions of expert systems to incorporate learning are examined in the context of military intelligence to determine the disposition, location, and intention of the adversary. The final application involves the use of distributed communicating cooperating expert systems for battle management. Finally, the future of expert systems and their evolving capabilities are discussed

  1. China's Military Diplomacy

    He Qisong; Li Baowen


    Since the end of the Cold War, China's military diplomacy has displayed an omni-directional and multi-level form, and with an increasing transparency which has increased trust and reduced doubt. China has enhanced its conventional military functions and strengthened its military soft power. This has helped China develop into a responsible state on the world stage. Through military exchanges with other countries, the Chinese military has gradually strengthened its ability to undertake a variety of tasks. The Chinese military has to make greater efforts to counter the perception of a "China threat." There is also a need to establish a system of military spokesmen and to develop a theory of military diplomacy with Chinese characteristics.

  2. National Military Family Association

    ... 931.6632 © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  3. Stem Cell Transplant Can Help HIV Patients Battling Lymphoma

    ... Stem Cell Transplant Can Help HIV Patients Battling Lymphoma: Study ... for lymphoma, and a new study concludes that stem cell transplant should be standard treatment in these cases. ...

  4. Genetic Insights May Help Kids Battling Developmental Delays

    ... Genetic Insights May Help Kids Battling Developmental Delays DNA ... delays, with a new study showing that extensive genetic analysis may help determine the cause of their ...

  5. Coordination of Fleet Battle Experimentation and Joint Experimentation Programs

    Callahan, Alexander, J.; Gallup, Shelley P.; Bowden, John; Schacher, Gordon E.; Kemple, William E.; Michael G. Sovereign; Maruyama, Xavier K.; Kimmel, Richard A.


    The Fleet Battle Experiments (FBE) are CNO-initiated series of operational experiments for the purpose of examining emerging systems, technologies and concepts. The Maritime Battle Center (MBC) of the new Navy Warfare Development Command (NWDC) is the CNO's agent for planning and implementing these experiments in conjunction with the numbered Fleets. FBE-E is the fifth in the series and is under the operational sponsorship of Commander Third Fleet (COMTHIRDFLT) in San Diego. The Naval Pos...

  6. The military medical school of Mexico: a tradition of excellence.

    Villavicencio, J Leonel; Merrill, Daniel M; Rich, Norman M


    It is a historical fact that warfare and surgery have been linked together as far back as military history has been recorded. In the 18th century, the tendency of most armies to dismiss their medical services at the end of every major conflict resulted in higher mortality at the beginning of the next war. This became evident in the French and British Armies during the Battle of Waterloo. These countries went to great efforts to mobilize their civilian reserve physicians, only to discover that more than half of the medical personnel declined to serve. The scarcity of physicians and the inexperience of those caring for the wounded resulted in a high casualty rate. The current armed conflicts throughout the world with their high number of victims are living evidence of the need for preparedness of the military medical personnel. In this article, we review the systems of military medical education in several countries, and offer the example of the Escuela Medico Militar (Military Medical School) of Mexico, a prestigious source of military medical physicians for the Mexican armed forces. PMID:15815819

  7. The abortion battle: the Canadian scene.

    Sachdev, P


    In January 1988 the Supreme Court of Canada struck down the country's archaic abortion law on the ground that it imposed arbitrary delays and unfair disparities in access to abortion across the country. Since then, the conservative government of Canada has made a few attempts to introduce a new abortion policy, but it did not get passed in the parliament because the revised bills failed to protect women's right to 'life, liberty, and security of the person' within the meaning of the Canadian Charter. Canada has been without an abortion law for over four years and there has been a wide range of provincial policies and confusion in the country. Despite the legal vacuum, Canadian women are not frenziedly having abortions. However, the militancy of the anti-abortion groups has steadily intensified with continued assault on a woman's right to make reproductive choices. Since no law, short of banning abortions altogether, is going to satisfy abortion opponents, the abortion battle will rage on in Canada. PMID:8065237

  8. Credibility battles in the autism litigation.

    Kirkland, Anna


    That vaccines do not cause autism is now a widely accepted proposition, though a few dissenters remain. An 8-year court process in the US federal vaccine injury compensation court ended in 2010 with rulings that autism was not an adverse reaction to vaccination. There were two sets of trials: one against the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and one against the mercury-based preservative thimerosal. The MMR story is more widely known because of publicity surrounding the main proponent of an MMR-autism link, British doctor Andrew Wakefield, but the story of thimerosal in court is largely untold. This study examines the credibility battles and boundary work in the two cases, illuminating the sustaining world of alternative science that supported the parents, lawyers, researchers, and expert witnesses against vaccines. After the loss in court, the families and their advocates transformed their scientific arguments into an indictment of procedural injustice in the vaccine court. I argue that the very efforts designed to produce legitimacy in this type of lopsided dispute will be counter-mobilized as evidence of injustice, helping us understand why settling a scientific controversy in court does not necessarily mean changing anyone's mind. PMID:22848999

  9. Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space—A vision for virtual military amputee support

    Ashley Fisher, MA


    Full Text Available The war in Iraq is the largest and longest sustained combat operation by the U.S. military since the Vietnam war. An estimated nearly 2 million U.S. military personnel have been deployed for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom [1]. Dr. Chuck Scoville, Col. Ret., Chief of Amputee Patient Care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, stated that as of November 2009, 937 war fighters have suffered an amputation as a result of a battle injury. The successful recovery from a traumatic injury resulting in an amputation largely depends on care from clinical providers as well as peer support.

  10. Amputee Virtual Environment Support Space—A vision for virtual military amputee support

    Ashley Fisher, MA; Doug Thompson


    The war in Iraq is the largest and longest sustained combat operation by the U.S. military since the Vietnam war. An estimated nearly 2 million U.S. military personnel have been deployed for Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom [1]. Dr. Chuck Scoville, Col. Ret., Chief of Amputee Patient Care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, stated that as of November 2009, 937 war fighters have suffered an amputation as a result of a battle injury. The successful recovery from a traumati...

  11. Battling the War for Talent: An Application in a Military Context

    Schreurs, Bert H. J.; Syed, Fariya


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce a comprehensive new recruitment model that brings together research findings in the different areas of recruitment. This model may serve as a general framework for further recruitment research, and is intended to support Human Resource managers in developing their recruitment policy. To highlight…

  12. Military Surgeon and Humanity

    LU Lu; WANG Yiran


    Military surgeons are a special group of doctors. They are both medical workers and soldiers.Their mission is to serve the wounded on the battlefield.And there is no doubt that military surgeons will save our comrades in the army. However,should a military surgeon save the wounded enemy? It is indeed a dilemma.Some may save the wounded enemy because military surgeons are doctors after all and they can't possibly abandon anybody to his fate,but some refuse to do so because military surgeons are soldiers.Therefore,some situations on the battlefield are discussed and advice is suggested for military surgeons,with heartfelt anticipation for there being less casualties on the battlefield as well as alleviating human suffering caused by war.

  13. Iraqi Military Academies

    Nodar Z. Mossaki


    The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operat...

  14. Military Leaders and Trust

    Fors Brandebo, Maria


    The aim of this thesis is to study trust in military leaders. Empirical data was gathered through interviews and questionnaires with military personnel mostly from Sweden, but also from four other European countries. Paper I illustrates that trust in military leaders can be theoretically understood in terms of a hierarchical system of categories, higher-level categories and two superior categories labelled Individual-related and Communication- and relationship-related characteristics. Paper I...

  15. Advanced MicroObserver UGS integration with and cueing of the BattleHawk squad level loitering munition and UAV

    Steadman, Bob; Finklea, John; Kershaw, James; Loughman, Cathy; Shaffner, Patti; Frost, Dean; Deller, Sean


    Textron's Advanced MicroObserver(R) is a next generation remote unattended ground sensor system (UGS) for border security, infrastructure protection, and small combat unit security. The original MicroObserver(R) is a sophisticated seismic sensor system with multi-node fusion that supports target tracking. This system has been deployed in combat theaters. The system's seismic sensor nodes are uniquely able to be completely buried (including antennas) for optimal covertness. The advanced version adds a wireless day/night Electro-Optic Infrared (EOIR) system, cued by seismic tracking, with sophisticated target discrimination and automatic frame capture features. Also new is a field deployable Gateway configurable with a variety of radio systems and flexible networking, an important upgrade that enabled the research described herein. BattleHawkTM is a small tube launched Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) with a warhead. Using transmitted video from its EOIR subsystem an operator can search for and acquire a target day or night, select a target for attack, and execute terminal dive to destroy the target. It is designed as a lightweight squad level asset carried by an individual infantryman. Although BattleHawk has the best loiter time in its class, it's still relatively short compared to large UAVs. Also it's a one-shot asset in its munition configuration. Therefore Textron Defense Systems conducted research, funded internally, to determine if there was military utility in having the highly persistent MicroObserver(R) system cue BattleHawk's launch and vector it to beyond visual range targets for engagement. This paper describes that research; the system configuration implemented, and the results of field testing that was performed on a government range early in 2013. On the integrated system that was implemented, MicroObserver(R) seismic detections activated that system's camera which then automatically captured images of the target. The geo-referenced and time-tagged Micro

  16. The Military's Business

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...


    Rolls Royce Rolls Royce Magazine


    Full Text Available Fifty years ago the Battle of Britain was fought in the skies over southern England, Historians have analysed the Battle in detail, and as a result some of its mystique has been torn away. For example, the RAF's claim that 185 German aircraft were shot down on 15 September 1940 was highly inaccurate; in fact the Luftwaffe lost only about 60 bombers and fighters on that day. But there are some certainties: The Battle was Hitler's first major reverse in the 1939-45 war, and it meant that Britain did not go the way of the countries in continental Europe which had been conquered in 1939 and in 1940 . It was a very close thing. The Royal Air Force was helped by good equipment, radar, the benefit of fighting over home territory, and German errors.

  18. Security vs. Nations: a lost battle?

    Computer Security Team


    “Know the enemy” is one of the basic recommendations of the ancient Chinese military strategist Sun Tzu (544–496 BC). In the cyber-world, the usual suspects are not only script kiddies, criminals and hacktivists, but also nation states.   Companies worldwide have prepared their defences to fight off the first three. Likewise, CERN, despite its wish for academic freedom, is constantly considering how best to prevent successful attacks. But when nation states are the antagonists, defence is impossible (unless you have plenty of money). Today, the most popular computing services in the western hemisphere are run from the US. We already know that the US and the UK are tapping into Facebook, Google, Yahoo and others (see our Bulletin article on “Prison or “Prism”? Your data in custody”). But what about one level down? Nowadays, IT hardware (routers, laptops, smartphones, etc.) is built in China. How can we be sure that these ...

  19. Iraqi Military Academies

    Nodar Z. Mossaki


    Full Text Available The article analyzes the system of training of officers in military academies in Iraq – in Zakho, Qalacholan, ar-Rustamiyah and an-Nasiriyah. The author describes the history of creation, process of evolution, challenges and features of training in these colleges. Particular attention paid to military academies in the territory of Iraqi Kurdistan, which actually do not obey the central government of Iraq, however, have the highest level of training. Currently, Iraq's military academies operate on the basis of the NATO standards. Iraqi military academies paid miuch attention to the specifics of the military and political situation in Iraq – counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations, patrolling cities, fighting in an urban environment etc. Significant place in the curriculum take the courses contributing to the formation of pro-Western sentiment.

  20. 东北亚三次大海战与《黄海战图》%Three Ma jor Northeast Asia Sea Battles and “The Chart of Battle on the Yellow Sea”

    王琰; 张晓刚


    In the early stage of the Japanese Empire, the imperial navy won all their invasions by launching sea battles to seize the sea power of Northeast Asia. The combined fleet waged three large-scale sea battles, ac-counting for three-fourths of the world sea battles in the steam armor era. This paper analyzes that the Russian Headquarters lost the battles, after the fall of the L¨ushun Fort, because it sent its untrained and tired Pacific fleet eastward, trying to enter Vladivostok through the battle against the Japanese combined fleet; and that it would be a better war model if it had not sent its fleet northward but obtained supply regularly through its auxiliary ships from Jiaozhou Bay and Shanghai Port to break the tra?c line in the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea and the South China Sea. It was a key to decide the fate of Russia if L¨ushun squadron could successfully break out to join Vladivostok squadron. “The chart of battle on the Yellow Sea”by the Japanese military drawers in early 20th century precisely depicted the reversed changes of Japan and Russia, which had nothing to do with the war between China and Japan in the Yellow Sea or the battle of Tsushima between Japan and Russia.%日本帝国前期对外一系列成功的侵略扩张无不是以旨在争夺东北亚制海权进行的海上战役为先导的。这一时期日本联合舰队进行过3次大规模海战,占蒸汽装甲时代世界大规模海战总次数的3/4。海战中,旅顺口要塞陷落后俄国大本营让未经训练没有海战经验的第二太平洋舰队继续东进通过与联合舰队决战入泊海参崴只能是必败之道,而让舰队避免北上决战,通过辅助船定期赴胶州湾和上海港采买获得补给坚持在黄海、东海、南海施行一段时间破交战才是惟一能够实现开赴远东所抱战略目的的作战样式。日俄黄海海战是世界海战史上第一次以蒸汽装甲战列舰编队交战为主的大规模海上战役。

  1. Inaugural editorial: Military Medical Research

    Ren, Guo-Quan


    Military medicine is one of the most innovative part of human civilization. Along with the rapid development of medicine and advances in military techniques, military medicine has become the focus and intersection of new knowledge and new technologies. Innovation and development within military medicine are always ongoing, with a long and challenging path ahead. The establishment of “Military Medical Research” is expected to be a bounden responsibility in the frontline of Chinese military med...

  2. Inaugural editorial: Military Medical Research.

    Ren, Guo-Quan


    Military medicine is one of the most innovative part of human civilization. Along with the rapid development of medicine and advances in military techniques, military medicine has become the focus and intersection of new knowledge and new technologies. Innovation and development within military medicine are always ongoing, with a long and challenging path ahead. The establishment of "Military Medical Research" is expected to be a bounden responsibility in the frontline of Chinese military medicine. PMID:25722860

  3. True Stories of Censorship Battles in America's Libraries

    Nye, Valerie, Ed.; Barco, Kathy, Ed.


    Intellectual freedom is a core value of librarianship, but fighting to keep controversial materials on the shelves can sometimes feel like a lonely battle. And not all censorship controversies involve the public objecting to a book in the collection--libraries are venues for displays and meetings, and sometimes library staff themselves are tempted…

  4. Automotive IC reliability: Elements of the battle towards zero defects

    Kuper, Fred G.


    The battle towards zero defects consists of fast response to PPM signals, prevention of incidents and continuous improvement. In this paper elements of all three branches are treated. A PPM analysis tool called quality crawl charts is introduced that enables prediction of customer complaint levels b

  5. Filling the Ontology Space for Coalition Battle Management Language

    Turnitsa, Charles; Tolk, Andreas; Blais, Curtis


    Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO) SIW Conference Paper The Coalition Battle Management Language is a language for representing and exchanging plans, orders, and reports across live constructive and robotic forces in multi-service, multi-national and multi-organizational operations...

  6. Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML) Study Group Report

    Galvin, Kevin; Hieb, Michael; Blais, Curtis


    Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO) SIW Conference Paper The objective of Battle Management Language (BML) is to define an unambiguous language to describe a commander’s intent, to be understood by both live forces and automated systems, but also to operational command and control systems, and robotic systems...

  7. Year 10 English: Australian Texts and the Battle for Survival

    Robertson,, Alison


    The texts and classroom activities in this paper are a sample of those used within a unit on "The Battle for Survival". The unit brings classic Australian literary texts together with reportage on contemporary news events, and demonstrates an integrated approaches to the Literacy, Language and Literature strands of the AC:E. The unit concludes…


    Helmoed-Römer Heitman


    Full Text Available The military glider has, arguably, enjoyed the briefest life span of any major military equipment type - spanning not much more than a decade and a half from the entry into production of the first, to the demise of the concept as such. During its heyday, however, the glider was instrumental in not a few spectacular operations. Thus, it is not really surprising that some of the more iconoclastic military thinkers have, albeit infrequently, wondered whether there is not still a place for up to date gliders in modern warfare.

  9. Radiometry in military applications

    Chrzanowski, Krzysztof


    Missiles guided using optoelectronic methods, optoelectronic imaging systems (thermal imaging systems, night vision devices, LLLTV cameras, TV cameras), and optoelectronic countermeasures (smoke screens, camouflage paints and nets, IR flares, decoys, jamming systems, warning systems) are one of the most important components of modern military armament. There are numerous military standards, some of them secret, that precise radiometric parameters to be measured and the testing methods to be used. There is also much literature on the subject of testing of the systems mentioned above, although mostly on subject of testing of the thermal imaging systems. In spite of this apparently numerous literature, there still significant confusion in this area due to secrecy of some parameters and testing methods, differences in recommendations of different military standards, fast progress in military optoelectronics, and also due to enormous number of different types of optoelectronics systems used in the military armament. A review of testing methods of the three basic groups of optoelectronics systems used in modern military armament: the missiles guided using optoelectronics methods, the optoelectronic imaging systems, and the optoelectronic countermeasures is presented in this paper. Trends in the measuring sets.

  10. Mother Tongue Education in Brazil: A battle of two worlds.

    Cosson, R


    Considered as both the salvation of the educational system and the main agent in the failure of the schooling process, mother tongue education in Brazil is a battlefield between the traditional or grammatical paradigm and the socio-interactionist paradigm. The battle occurs on several fronts from academy to textbook to law, and those who defend the socio-interactionist paradigm are winning most of them. However, the imminent victory of this paradigm can be problematic. The new paradigm needs ...

  11. The battle of Konotop as recorded in Cossack chronicles

    Rumyantsev, Oleg


    The battle of Konotop on June 28, 1659 has gained particular resonance as a historical event in the independent Ukraine since the historical narrative has begun to be re-examined and ‘reconstructed’ in a new political climate. This has been possible since the theme of historical confrontation between Ukraine and Russia became free for discussion after many centuries of taboo. Interest in the subject has grown and progress in historiography may be acknowledged thanks to several new works publi...

  12. Kyai and Japanese Military

    Kobayashi Yasuko


    Full Text Available During the second world war in Southeast Asia, the Japanese army tried to gain the support and cooperation of the people it occupies. In this case the policy becomes very important political Islam in Indonesia, and one prominent characteristic of Japanese politics is concerned with the role of Islamic clerics. But when he landed in Indonesia, the Japanese military has not formulated political Islam is to be implemented. Then immediately stated that the Japanese military government respect the religious population.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v4i3.772

  13. Autonomous military robotics

    Nath, Vishnu


    This SpringerBrief reveals the latest techniques in computer vision and machine learning on robots that are designed as accurate and efficient military snipers. Militaries around the world are investigating this technology to simplify the time, cost and safety measures necessary for training human snipers. These robots are developed by combining crucial aspects of computer science research areas including image processing, robotic kinematics and learning algorithms. The authors explain how a new humanoid robot, the iCub, uses high-speed cameras and computer vision algorithms to track the objec

  14. Agent-Based Approaches for Behavioural Modelling in Military Simulations

    Gaurav Chaudhary


    Full Text Available Behavioral modeling of combat entities in military simulations by creating synthetic agents in order to satisfy various battle scenarios is an important problem. The conventional modeling tools are not always sufficient to handle complex situations requiring adaptation. To deal with this Agent-Based Modeling (ABM is employed, as the agents exhibit autonomous behavior by adapting and varying their behavior during the course of the simulation whilst achieving the goals. Synthetic agents created by means of Computer Generated Force (CGF is a relatively recent approach to model behavior of combat entities for a more realistic training and effective military planning. CGFs, are also sometimes referred to as Semi- Automated Forces (SAF and enables to create high-fidelity simulations. Agents are used to control and augment the behavior of CGF entities, hence converting them into Intelligent CGF (ICGF. The intelligent agents can be modeled to exhibit cognitive abilities. For this review paper, extensive papers on stateof-the-art in agent-based modeling approaches and applications were surveyed. The paper assimilates issues involved in ABM with CGF as an important component of it. It reviews modeling aspects with respect to the interrelationship between ABM and CGF, which is required to carry out behavioral modeling. Important CGFs have been examined and a list with their significant features is given. Another issue that has been reviewed is that how the synthetic agents having different capabilities are implemented at different battle levels. Brief mention of state-of-the-art integrated cognitive architectures and a list of significant cognitive applications based on them with their features is given. At the same time, the maturity of ABM in agent-based applications has also been considered.

  15. Syria’s Military Capabilities and Options for Military Intervention

    Pradhan-Blach, Flemming


    This background paper does not endorse any military action towards Syria. The document does not reflect or express any official Danish policy or a position of the University of Copenhagen or the Centre for Military Studies. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe military capabilities and...

  16. Substance Abuse in the Military

    ... DrugFacts » Substance Abuse in the Military DrugFacts: Substance Abuse in the Military Email Facebook Twitter Revised March ... alcohol and tobacco use, and especially prescription drug abuse, are much more prevalent and are on the ...

  17. Vedr.: Military capacity building

    Larsen, Josefine Kühnel; Struwe, Lars Bangert


    Kühnel Larsen and researcher Lars Bangert Struwe of CMS had organized a seminar in collaboration with Royal Danish Defense Colleg and the East African Security Governance Network. The seminar focused on some of the risks involved in Military capacity building and how these risks are dealt with from...

  18. Resilience among Military Youth

    Easterbrooks, M. Ann; Ginsburg, Kenneth; Lerner, Richard M.


    In this article, the authors present their approach to understanding resilience among military connected young people, and they discuss some of the gaps in their knowledge. They begin by defining resilience, and then present a theoretical model of how young people demonstrate resilient functioning. Next they consider some of the research on…

  19. Democratic Control of Military Forces

    Smail Ostrakovic


    The transition requirement for post communism countries, especially the part that is about military forces is to establish those civil-military relation that will have prepared projects for awareness evolving of society and mili­tary about necessity of democratic control over military sector of country through development of many different communication forms and shapes. Before everything, it means the entire freedom and independence of media at access to military forces as the topic and subj...

  20. Austerity, Grexit and the battle for the euro

    Wilkinson, Michael


    Does the European Central Bank (‘ECB’) have the mandate to do ‘whatever it takes’ to save the Euro? While the German Constitutional Court answered the question with a clear ‘no’, the European Court of Justice suggested that the ECB did in fact have that mandate. This judicial battle for the Euro, however, is only part of a story that involves political power struggles between Merkel and Tsipras; that saw the emergence of ideological schisms in the EU; and created the real risk that for the fi...

  1. Kelly White, 'The parallel battle for social and environmental justice.'

    Interviewee: White, Kelly; Interviewer: Harrison, Don; Oral Testimony Archivist(s): Weasel Bear, Robyn; Principle Investigator: ross, Dr. annie


    Kelly White is Musqueam and originates from Cedar, B.C. just outside Snuuneymuxw, otherwise known as “people of the river”. Kelly grew up in Nanaimo BC and Medicine Hat and remembers “environmental justice and the parallel battle for social justice and human rights, starting at birth”. Born premature, she was held in incubation as mother and father were embroiled in a fishing rights court case, lasting from the time of her birth in 1957 until 1963. She fondly remembers her mom and dad’s Coast...

  2. 78 FR 68699 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle Mountain, NV


    ... establishing Class E airspace at the Battle Mountain VORTAC navigation aid, Battle Mountain, NV (78 FR 58159... heading, as published in the Federal Register on September 23, 2013 (78 FR 58159), Airspace Docket No. 13- AWP-9, FR Doc. 2013-58159, is corrected as follows: On page 58160, column 1, line 2, remove...

  3. 76 FR 72025 - Noise Compatibility Program Notice for W.M. Kellogg Airport, Battle Creek, MI


    ... Federal Aviation Administration Noise Compatibility Program Notice for W.M. Kellogg Airport, Battle Creek... Administration (FAA) announces its determination that the noise exposure maps submitted by the City of Battle... Safety and Noise Abatement Act, herein after referred to as ``the Act'') and 14 Code of...

  4. The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to Indian Territory. Teaching with Historic Places.

    Adkins, Mike; Jones, Ralph

    Union Army troops marched south through Indian territory on July 17, 1863, to face the Confederate Army forces in a battle that would help determine whether the Union or the Confederacy would control the West beyond the Mississippi River. The Confederate troops that these soldiers faced in the Battle of Honey Springs concealed themselves among the…

  5. Women in the military

    Garb, Maja


    The Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF) include a significant proportion of women (at least according to other NATO members and make up approximately 15 % of the total structure. Lately, the percentage is diminishing due to stricter standards. At the beginning, women could enter the SAF without any prior military knowledge. Today common training and education is provided for all- men and women. Gender issues are regulated by laws, but the legal regulation appeared rather late. In addition, many aspe...

  6. Military display performance parameters

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick


    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  7. Military radiobiology: A perspective

    Acute medical consequences affecting military personnel fall into two major classes: early events affecting performance and later more lethal events associated with single and combined injuries. If cells survive the radiation insult, they have the capability for repair. But the patient must survive fluid loss, infection, and bleeding defects until this can occur. Although no one can ever eliminate the incomprehensible destruction of human life associated with the use of nuclear weapons, significant medical advances can be achieved that will increase the performance and recovery of persons exposed to these weapons. Furthermore, these medical advances will go far toward improving the life and functioning of persons undergoing radiotherapy, trauma, accidental exposures, or a variety of other clinical situations. In the near future, the military battlefield will move into another dimension - space. Once outside the geomagnetic shield of the earth, military prsonnel will be exposed to a formidable array of new radiations. Among the new radiations will be high solar energy, solar particles and flares, and heavy nuclei from galactic cosmic arrays. Associated stresses will be microgravity, vibration, and isolation. To protect man in these new environments will truly challenge our ingenuity. This book looks at various medical consequences we face as a result of nuclear energy

  8. Reflections on the Legal Battles Over Prisoners with Gender Dysphoria.

    Levine, Stephen B


    Momentum has shifted in the legal battles over the provision of sex reassignment surgery (SRS) for male prisoners. In 2015, two court decisions granted the operation and were not appealed by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. The author, who has participated in some of these battles as an expert, analyzes the strengths and limitations of the medical illness, developmental, and minority rights paradigms for Gender Dysphoria that are used to reach psychiatric opinions about medical necessity. Courts are influenced by the recommendation of the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) that inmates should be treated as are individuals in the community. This is a compassionate assertion, but one not fully informed by practical experience with SRS among prisoners. Most inmates requesting SRS through litigation are serving very long or life sentences. Their backgrounds are quite unlike most transgendered individuals encountered in the community. If long-term prisoners are provided with SRS, the study of their adaptations may enable future decisions to be based on adaptation data rather than the competing opinions of experts. Gathering such data may be challenged as an experiment, however, and viewed as unethical. PMID:27236180

  9. Naval Firepower and its Role in Land Battles

    Gideon Raz


    Full Text Available Inside the crowded geo-strategic box that is Israel’s domain, the western sector is the only open border and is thus both the Achilles’ heel of Israel enemies and a great opportunity for the IDF. At the same time, technological improvements on the enemy’s side and its growing arsenal of a wide range of rockets and missiles are a severe threat to Israel in every land battle. In the sea domain the navy enjoys many advantages: it is a constant presence in the arena, it is difficult to track, its activity is possible in almost every weather condition, the sea medium affords ways to avoid detection, it operates beyond range of enemy’s weapons (which is not the case for most air force and ground troops bases, and it allows a large scope of armaments on a single naval platform. The IDF must build its naval force to take advantage of this situation. The IDF has yet to realize the full potential of incorporating naval force as an integral part of land battles using accurate long range missiles fired in salvoes from the sea.Over the last decade, several dramatic changes in the nature of war have taken place in the Middle East, requiring thought, analysis, and lesson-learning – i.e., a different implementation of operational action.

  10. Colonel Blotto Games and Lancaster's Equations: A Novel Military Modeling Combination

    Collins, Andrew J.; Hester, Patrick T.


    Military strategists face a difficult task when engaged in a battle against an adversarial force. They have to predict both what tactics their opponent will employ and the outcomes of any resultant conflicts in order to make the best decision about their actions. Game theory has been the dominant technique used by analysts to investigate the possible actions that an enemy will employ. Traditional game theory can be augmented by use of Lanchester equations, a set of differential equations used to determine the outcome of a conflict. This paper demonstrates a novel combination of game theory and Lanchester equations using Colonel Blotto games. Colonel Blotto games, which are one of the oldest applications of game theory to the military domain, look at the allocation of troops and resources when fighting across multiple areas of operation. This paper demonstrates that employing Lanchester equations within a game overcomes some of practical problems faced when applying game theory.

  11. Tobacco Pricing in Military Stores: Views of Military Policy Leaders.

    Smith, EA; Jahnke, SA; Poston, WS; Malone, RE; Haddock, CK


    Higher tobacco taxes reduce tobacco use. On military installations, cigarettes and other tobacco products are sold tax-free, keeping prices artificially low. Pricing regulations in the military specify that tobacco should be within 5% of the local most competitive price, but prices still average almost 13% lower than those at local Walmarts.To gain insight into policy leaders' ideas and positions on military tobacco pricing, we interviewed members of the Department of Defense (DoD) Addictive ...

  12. Burns and military clothing.

    McLean, A D


    Burn injury is a ubiquitous threat in the military environment. The risks during combat are well recognised, but the handling of fuel, oil, munitions and other hot or flammable materials during peacetime deployment and training also imposes an inherent risk of accidental burn injury. Over the last hundred years, the burn threat in combat has ranged from nuclear weapons to small shoulder-launched missiles. Materials such as napalm and white phosphorus plainly present a risk of burn, but the threat extends to encompass personnel in vehicles attacked by anti-armour weapons, large missiles, fuel-air explosives and detonations/conflagrations on weapons platforms such as ships. Large numbers of burn casualties were caused at Pearl Harbor, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Vietnam, during the Arab/Israeli Wars and in the Falkland Islands conflict. The threat from burns is unlikely to diminish, indeed new developments in weapons seek to exploit the vulnerability of the serviceman and servicewoman to burns. Clothing can be a barrier to some types of burn--both inherently in the properties of the material, but also by trapping air between clothing layers. Conversely, ignition of the clothing may exacerbate a burn. There is hearsay that burnt clothing products within a wound may complicate the clinical management, or that materials that melt (thermoplastic materials) should not be worn if there is a burn threat. This paper explores the incidence of burn injury, the mechanisms of heat transfer to bare skin and skin covered by materials, and the published evidence for the complication of wound management by materials. Even light-weight combat clothing can offer significant protection to skin from short duration flash burns; the most vulnerable areas are the parts of the body not covered--face and hands. Multilayered combat clothing can offer significant protection for short periods from engulfment by flames; lightweight tropical wear with few layers offers little protection. Under

  13. Military influence in Russian politics

    Tsypkin, Mikhail


    The tradition of the Russian and Soviet militaries has made them important elements in the political balance of power at this turning point of history. The same tradition, however, requires that the military's political intervention be legitimized by a civilian authority and/or political movement. The military in Russia is likely to continue to seek political influence, but the thrust of this search will be narrowly limited, unless it is combined with a strong Russian nationali...

  14. Conversion of Abbandoned Military Areas

    Daiva Marcinkevičiūtė


    Full Text Available The article analyses the situation of abandoned military sites, their value and significance of their conservation. It also reviews their impact on their environment and their potential in tourism, environmental, economic and social spheres. Further the positive experiences in military sites' conversion are studied. The importance of society's involvement in the conversions is discussed. The situation of XIX-XX age's military object's, the significance of their conservation and their potential in tourism market is separately analysed. The results of two researches are introduced, one of which inquires about the Lithuanian military objects' potential in tourism sphere, another one explores the possibilities of conversion. Article in Lithuanian

  15. Military sexual trauma.

    Wieland, Diane M; Haley, Jenna L; Bouder, Michelle


    Nurses' awareness of MST as a specific type of sexual assault within the military culture and sensitivity to the physical and psychological symptoms are important aspects of care. Nurses must treat the physical and emotional components of sexual assault in all settings; however, referral to the veterans administration programs and resources is key for the woman veteran to receive the specialized care developed by the healthcare system. Women veterans who have PTSD from MST and combat exposure are prone to depression, suicide and substance use/abuse. Nurses must not fear asking the woman if she is having suicidal thoughts or has a plan and intent to follow through with the plan. MST and PTSD may result in internalized anger, shame, self-blame, helplessness, hopelessness and powerlessness. Patient safety is of utmost importance. Assessing Patients for Sexual Violence, A Guide for Health Care Providers (2009) is a useful resource for nurses. The National Center for PTSD (2009) newsletter on the topic of MST includes a list of research studies. The work of Benedict (2007) and Corbett (2007) provide additional personal accounts of women soldiers who were in the Middle East conflicts. The nurse's referral to specialized services to treat MST and PTSD with evidence-based therapies is a crucial first step in the resiliency and well-being of these brave women who have served in all branches of the U.S. military. PMID:22359967

  16. A Model for Valuing Military Talents

    LIU Hong-sheng


    The method of collocating military talents is a difficult problem. It is different from other talents, for the characteristic of military talents. This paper presents a model for valuing military talents,which can assists the military leaders to collocate military talents properly.

  17. The copyright wars three centuries of trans-atlantic battle

    Baldwin, Peter


    Today’s copyright wars can seem unprecedented. Sparked by the digital revolution that has made copyright—and its violation—a part of everyday life, fights over intellectual property have pitted creators, Hollywood, and governments against consumers, pirates, Silicon Valley, and open-access advocates. But while the digital generation can be forgiven for thinking the dispute between, for example, the publishing industry and Google is completely new, the copyright wars in fact stretch back three centuries—and their history is essential to understanding today’s battles. The Copyright Wars—the first major trans-Atlantic history of copyright from its origins to today—tells this important story. Peter Baldwin explains why the copyright wars have always been driven by a fundamental tension. Should copyright assure authors and rights holders lasting claims, much like conventional property rights, as in Continental Europe? Or should copyright be primarily concerned with giving consumers cheap and easy ac...

  18. Evaluating the Main Battle Tank Using Fuzzy Number Arithmetic Operations

    Deng Yong


    Full Text Available Since the descriptions and judgements on weapon systems are usually linguistic and fuzzy,it is more realistic to evaluate weapon systems in the framework of fuzzy sets theory. In thispaper, a new method to evaluate the best main battle tank is proposed. It can be seen that theproposed method is more efficient due to the fact that, by canonical representation of arithmeticoperation on fuzzy numbers, simple arithmetic operations on crisp numbers are used, instead ofcomplicated fuzzy numbers operations. In addition, the final scores of each alternative can berepresented as crisp numbers. As a result, the order of alternatives can be determined withoutthe procedure of ranking fuzzy numbers. Finally, a numerical example to evaluate the best mainbattle tanks is used to illustrate the efficiency of the proposed method.

  19. The battle for centre stage: Women's football in South Africa

    Engh, Mari Haugaa


    . This Focus draws on academic research, media reports and interviews with national team players to highlight the struggles and victories of South African women footballers over the last 40 years. Despite numerous challenges and setbacks, womenB football has experienced immense growth over the past 15......From when the first official South African Women's National Football team was established in 1993, Banyana Banyana have been 'making it happen' for women's football in South Africa. National team players have become inspirational icons and role models for thousands of South African women and girls...... years. Highlighting examples of battles for power and leadership, homophobic attitudes and attempts to feminise the bodies of women footballers, this Focus illustrates the hard fought victories and disappointing losses in the history of South African women's football....

  20. Developing highly predictable system behavior in real-time battle-management software

    Michael, James Bret


    Given that battle-management solutions in system-of-systems environment are separately designed and developed on various operating platforms in different languages, predicting battle-management behavior of system-of-systems is not possible. As a rule, battle-management is executed at the system level rather than the desired system-of-systems level. Typically, C4 systems are non-real-time systems. Traditionally, weapon systems are real-time systems. If we are to match the performance of weapon...

  1. Rice-gall midge interactions: Battle for survival.

    Bentur, Jagadish S; Rawat, Nidhi; Divya, D; Sinha, Deepak K; Agarrwal, Ruchi; Atray, Isha; Nair, Suresh


    Gall midges are insects specialized in maneuvering plant growth, metabolic and defense pathways for their benefit. The Asian rice gall midge and rice share such an intimate relationship that there is a constant battle for survival by either partner. Diverse responses by the rice host against the midge include necrotic hypersensitive resistance reaction, non-hypersensitive resistance reaction and gall-forming compatible interaction. Genetic studies have revealed that major R (resistance) genes confer resistance to gall midge in rice. Eleven gall midge R genes have been characterized so far in different rice varieties in India. In addition, no single R gene confers resistance against all the seven biotypes of the Asian rice gall midge, and none of the biotypes is virulent against all the resistance genes. Further, the interaction of the plant resistance gene with the insect avirulence gene is on a gene-for-gene basis. Our recent investigations involving suppressive subtraction hybridization cDNA libraries, microarray analyses, gene expression assays and metabolic profiling have revealed several molecular mechanisms, metabolite markers and pathways that are induced, down-regulated or altered in the rice host during incompatible or compatible interactions with the pest. This is also true for some of the pathways studied in the gall midge. Next generation sequencing technology, gene expression studies and conventional screening of gall midge cDNA libraries highlighted molecular approaches adopted by the insect to feed, survive and reproduce. This constant struggle by the midge to overcome the host defenses and the host to resist the pest has provided us with an opportunity to observe this battle for survival at the molecular level. PMID:26455891

  2. Intelligent UAV-Assisted Localisation to Conserve Battery Energy in Military Sensor Networks

    P.Shunmuga Perumal


    Full Text Available Wireless sensor networks (WSNs are extensively used in military applications for border area monitoring, battle-field surveillance, tracking enemy troops, where the sensor nodes run on battery power. Localisation of sensor nodes is extremely important to identify the location of event in military applications for further actions. Existing localisation algorithms consume more energy by heavy computation and communication overheads. The objective of the proposed research is to increase the lifetime of the military sensor networks by reducing the power consumption in each sensor node during localisation. For the state-of-the-art, we propose a novel intelligent unmanned aerial vehicle anchor node (IUAN with an intelligent arc selection (IAS-based centralised localisation algorithm, which removes computation cost and reduces communication cost at every sensor node. The IUAN collects the signal strength, distance data from sensor nodes and the central control station (CCS computes the position of sensor nodes using IAS algorithm. Our approach significantly removes computation cost and reduces communication cost at each sensor node during localisation, thereby radically extends the lifetime and localisation coverage of the military sensor networks.Science Journal, Vol. 64, No. 6, November 2014, pp.557-563, DOI:

  3. Obama Asks Congress for $1.9 Billion to Battle Zika Virus

    ... Congress for $1.9 Billion to Battle Zika Virus Money would go toward mosquito-control programs, vaccine development and tests to better spot the virus To use the sharing features on this page, ...

  4. The Canadian Armed Forces “YouTube War”: A Cross-Border Military-Social Media Complex

    Tanner Mirrlees


    The goal of this paper is to conceptualize, contextualize, and critically analyze the Canadian Armed Forces’ (CAF) use of YouTube to promote itself, recruit soldiers, and frame its role in the post-9/11 U.S.-led NATO war in Afghanistan. The first section of this paper engages with scholarship on war and the media, the military-industrial-communications complex (MICC), and YouTube War to conceptualize YouTube as a tool and contested battle-space of 21st century new media wars. The second secti...

  5. NATO MSG-048 Coalition Battle Management Initial Demonstration Lessons Learned and Way Forward

    Pullen, J.M.; Carey, S; Cordonnier, N.; Khimeche, L.; Schade, U.; Reus, N.M. de; Grand, N.P. le; Mevassvik, O.M.; Cubero, S.G.; Godoy, S.G.; Powers, M.; Galvin, K


    The NATO Modeling and Simulation Group Technical Activity 48 (MSG-048) was chartered in 2006 to investigate the potential of a Coalition Battle Management Language for multinational and NATO interoperation of command and control systems with modeling and simulation. In its May, 2007 meeting, MSG-048 decided to undertake as its first technical project a multinational demonstration, using the US Joint Battle Management Language (JBML) phase 1 prototype Web services as central infrastructure. Th...

  6. Grímr-Visaged War: Viking Age Battle, With an Eye to Performance

    Shema, Steven Daniel, 1984-


    The tools of performance theory are applied to Old Norse material by casting battle in the late Scandinavian Iron Age and medieval period in terms of a performance process. The community analyzed is the hall-based warrior elite that developed throughout the Viking Age. By approaching the material from the performance perspective rather than warrior identity or ideology, a novel set of connections are made between the roles of personal preparation in battle, the role of the supernatural in bat...


    Georgel RUSU


    Full Text Available To bring together the word operation and opera and/or accomplishing an opera is not at all improper. Defining a (military operation as ”the total amount of the military actions performed by large operative and strategic units, according to an unique plan, for attaining an operative or strategic objective....”[1], coldly and exhaustively developed along almost two pages, may provide sufficient arguments for correctly anchoring the action within the domain of military practice, in spite of the shortcoming of not having a more synthetic form, with valid landmarks for other disciplines, as well. Frequently, both the medical and the military operations exceed their routine, deserving artistic appreciations. It is not accidental that analysis and preparation of any military combat includes the field of military art, defined as ”a compounding part of the military science, a specialized domain of organization and management of armed conflicts. It includes both the principles, methods, procedures and rules for the preparation and development of military actions, and the personal endowments (talent, mastership, skill expected from the part of leaders and troops for attaining success in the battle...”[2] More than that, the operative art is defined as ”a component of military art ... created and developed as an intermediary domain between strategy and tactics...”[3]. Continuing to lay stress on the parallelism to which the study is devoted, the author considers that actions that may be related to or may be appreciated as possessing artistic characteristics occur even beyond the field of aesthetic or reparatory surgery. The definitions provided by medical dictionaries do not eliminate, yet encourage similarities. The operation is ”s.f./operation, (Lat. operatio, -onis = work, operation, derived from operari = to work, and opus, operis = labour, work, a medical act performed by the surgeon with his hands, by means of adequate instruments, for

  8. Army Military Land Tracts (AMLT)

    Federal Geographic Data Committee — This data set is part of a collection of real estate data concerning current and historic military installations whose real property interests are managed by the...

  9. Medical expertise of young people of military age with mitral valve prolapse

    Kuznetsova M.A.


    Full Text Available The last decade is characterized by a sharp decrease in psychosomatic health of young people of military age and growth of level of cardiovascular pathology. It is promoted by social and economic transfor¬mations in the country, growth of a psychoemotional pressure, decrease in level of the material income of the population, food of non-full value, alcoholism and drug addiction, health system destruction. The special place in the structure of cardiovascular pathology of young men of military age is occupied by the prolapse of the mitral valve (PMV. In health system PMV is considered as pathology of young able-bodied age and most often is not treated as pathology in general, until cardiac violations (violations of heart rhythm and conductivity, clinically significant mitral regurgitation, etc. develop. This position is unacceptable relative to recruits, whose daily activity is entailed with influence of a complex of extreme factors of the military and professional environment. In specific conditions of military service (a strict regulation of mode of work and rest, high degree of a physical and psychoemotional pressure, elements of hypovitaminosis, etc., possibilities of adaptation of the young man with PMV are significantly complicated. Any minor changes of the environment can gain critical importance, lead to exhaustion of reserve potential of an organism, decompensation of bodies and systems responsible for adaptation. In the absence of a significant arrhythmic syndrome and/or signs of cardiac insufficiency, recruits with pathology of cardiovascular system (CCC, as a rule, are admitted fit for military service. However level of functional condition of an organism of this category of persons does not allow them to fulfill official duties in full measure. They lag behind in the program of educational battle training, differ in lowered ability to work, absence of motivation in performance of the official duties, constant complaints on a health

  10. Bullet dents – “Proof marks” or battle damage

    Williams, Alan


    Full Text Available

    It is well known that the breastplates of many armours from the later 16th century and the 17th century bear the hemispherical dents generally known as proof marks. It has been taken as axiomatic that these marks were made in order to demonstrate the armours’ effectiveness against firearms. If however some of these dents are compared with dents which are the result of battle damage, it appears that they were made by energy levels of a different order of magnitude, and offer little guarantee as to the “proof” of the armour.

    Como es bien sabido, muchos petos de armaduras de finales del siglo XVI y del XVII tienen abolladuras semiesféricas conocidas como pruebas de arcabuz. Se ha considerado axiomático que estas abolladuras fueron hechas para demostrar la efectividad de las armaduras frente a las armas de fuego. Sin embargo, si se comparan con otras debidas a daños en combate, parece que fueron producidas por energías de diferente orden o magnitud, al tiempo que ofrecen pocas garantías como “pruebas” de las armaduras.

  11. The combat in the Roman Republic: an approach to the general characteristics of the Ancient Battle

    David Sierra Estornés


    Full Text Available In this paper we will make an approach to the most important elements that defined the development of a battle in Ancient Times, especially in the roman case. We will consider such factors as the length of such confrontations or the low number of casualties from the victorious army. This paper is based on the critical study of classical literary sources. Our goal is to provide a different approach to the Ancient Combat. The movies and the literature have shown us the battles as a chaotic and frantic thing, where the combatants are mixed and where the fight comes down to individual duel. The truth is that the classic texts describe the battles as an organized struggle, prolonged and collective.

  12. Clinical Application of Shenque (CV 8) plus Eight Battle Points for Obesity

    LIU Xiao-hui; HANG Guo-qi


    In order to observe the therapeutic effect of Eight Battle Points for simple obesity.Methods:In the treatment of 98 cases of the patients with obesity by the oblique puncture of long needles into Eight Battle Points,the body weight,body weight index (BWI),waist circumference,buttock circumference and fat distribution rate of the patients were measured and assessed respectively before and after the treatments.And the changes of complications of obesity were observed before and after the treatments.Results:There were significant differences (P<0.05) in various indexes of obesity before and after acupuncture treatment.Conclusion:Acupuncture by puncturing Shenque(CV 8) plus Eight Battle Points is positive in the treatment of obesity and has a better therapeutic effect for complications of obesity.

  13. OLED displays for military applications

    Mahon, Janice K.; Brown, Julie J.; Hack, Michael G.; Hewitt, Richard H.; Huffman, David C.


    Through the years, there has been a steady evolution of technology to ruggedize displays for harsh military environments. This work has spanned cathode-ray-tubes (CRTs) to present day active matrix liquid crystal displays (AMLCDs). Organic light emitting device (OLED) display technology has the potential to solve many of the inherent limitations of today's AMLCD technology and to provide the military system designer with a more cost effective solution. OLED technology offers bright, colorful emissive light with excellent power efficiency, wide viewing angle and video response rates; it is also demonstrating the requisite environmental robustness for a wide variety of display applications. OLED displays also have a very thin and lightweight form factor. Moreover, in full production, OLEDs are projected to be very cost-effective by comparison to AMLCDs. This paper will examine some of these advantages and the opportunities presented by the rapidly emerging OLED display technology for military applications.

  14. Mortality salience, martyrdom, and military might: the great satan versus the axis of evil.

    Pyszczynski, Tom; Abdollahi, Abdolhossein; Solomon, Sheldon; Greenberg, Jeff; Cohen, Florette; Weise, David


    Study 1 investigated the effect of mortality salience on support for martyrdom attacks among Iranian college students. Participants were randomly assigned to answer questions about either their own death or an aversive topic unrelated to death and then evaluated materials from fellow students who either supported or opposed martyrdom attacks against the United States. Whereas control participants preferred the student who opposed martyrdom, participants reminded of death preferred the student who supported martyrdom and indicated they were more likely to consider such activities themselves. Study 2 investigated the effect of mortality salience on American college students' support for extreme military interventions by American forces that could kill thousands of civilians. Mortality salience increased support for such measures among politically conservative but not politically liberal students. The roles of existential fear, cultural worldviews, and construing one's nation as pursing a heroic battle against evil in advocacy of violence were discussed. PMID:16513804

  15. 78 FR 53675 - Safety Zone; Lake Erie Heritage Foundation, Battle of Lake Erie Reenactment; Lake Erie, Put-in...


    ... for each Battle of Lake Erie Reenactment support vessel. In a separate temporary rule (78 FR 44014...-366-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Table of Acronyms DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Lake Erie Heritage Foundation, Battle...

  16. An Approach to Quantifying Pokemon's Entertainment Impact with focus on Battle

    Panumate, Chetprayoon; Xiong, Shuo; Iida, Hiroyuki


    This paper explores the attractiveness of Pokemon which is a turn-based Role Playing Game (RPG) and has been very popular for the decades. In this study we focus on Pokemon battle which is the most important component in Pokemon. The game refinement theory is used as a tool to assess the degree of sophistication of Pokemon battle. For this purpose we apply two approaches of game progress modeling to derive game refinement measure, i.e., score limit sports approach and board game approach. We ...

  17. Rainfall extremes: Toward reconciliation after the battle of distributions.

    Serinaldi, Francesco; Kilsby, Chris G


    results from the analysis of short time series. Citation: Serinaldi, F., and C. G. Kilsby (2014), Rainfall extremes: Toward reconciliation after the battle of distributions, Water Resour. Res., 50, 336-352, doi:10.1002/2013WR014211. PMID:24829512

  18. New protective battle-dress impregnated against mosquito vector bites

    Pennetier Cédric


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mixing repellent and organophosphate (OP insecticides to better control pyrethroid resistant mosquito vectors is a promising strategy developed for bed net impregnation. Here, we investigated the opportunity to adapt this strategy to personal protection in the form of impregnated clothes. Methods We compared standard permethrin impregnated uniforms with uniforms manually impregnated with the repellent KBR3023 alone and in combination with an organophosphate, Pirimiphos-Methyl (PM. Tests were carried out with Aedes aegypti, the dengue fever vector, at dusk in experimental huts. Results Results showed that the personal protection provided by repellent KBR3023-impregnated uniforms is equal to permethrin treated uniforms and that KBR3023/PM-impregnated uniforms are more protective. Conclusion The use of repellents alone or combined with OP on clothes could be promising for personal protection of military troops and travellers if residual activity of the repellents is extended and safety is verified.

  19. Military Social Work Thinking in South Africa

    Adrian D. van Breda


    Full Text Available Military social workers in South Africa have developed distinctive ways of thinking about military social work. These developments have been influenced by various contextual factors, such as the transition of South Africa to a non-racial democracy in 1994 and the establishment of a military social work research capacity. These factors contributed to new ways of thinking, such as the recognition that military social work has a mandate to facilitate organizational change and the adoption of a resilience perspective. A central development in military social work thinking in South Africa was the formulation of a Military Social Work Practice Model, which is described and illustrated in some detail. This model emphasizes binocular vision (focusing on the interface between soldiers and the military organization and four practice positions, derived from occupational social work theory. The author notes the importance of creating appropriate contexts that facilitate further developments in military social work theory.

  20. Predeployment Riskiest Time for Military Suicide Attempts

    ... fullstory_159029.html Predeployment Riskiest Time for Military Suicide Attempts Two months into service is a pivotal period, ... 25, 2016 WEDNESDAY, May 25, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Suicide attempts in the military aren't necessarily combat-driven. ...

  1. Pakistan, military rule and terrorism

    Casaca, Paulo


    As long as the Pakistani military structures do not cut radically their instrumental view of Islamic extremism, and do not understand the imperative need to leave the political scene, allowing the strengthening of the civil society, minority rights, education for tolerance and the rule of law, terrorism will remain a major threat endangering the Pakistani people and its neighbours.

  2. [The "woman" in military recruitment].

    Dedić, G


    Transsexuality is a phenomenon, which presents a rarity on recruitment. A case of male-to-female genuine transsexualism was presented in term of psychological-psychiatric evaluation of a recruit for military service. A phenomenon of transsexualism is discussed through etiology, clinical picture, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and modern treatment. PMID:11039317

  3. 'Military Thinkers and Academic Thinkers'

    Haugegaard, Rikke

    Culture analysis seems to create friction when we try to introduce academic concepts relating to culture to military planners. This friction might be related to the fact that officers and academics do their thinking in different 'spaces'. This paper argues the interface or overlapping space betwe...... the two different traditions of thought....

  4. Stress fractures in military training

    During military training, the incidence of overuse injuries like stress fractures increase. The aim of the study was to investigate the utility of bone scan in a military population with clinical suspected stress fractures or periostitis. Material and methods: A three-year retrospective analysis was made on patients who were clinically diagnosed with stress fractures at the Military Hospital Nuclear Medicine Department. Thirty-seven patients were studied (mean age 23. +/- 8 y.o; 31 males), 28 cases of which (76%) had tibial stress syndrome. Other localizations were lumbar spine, femoral, fibular, tarsal or metatarsal. Bone scintigraphy was performed injecting 1036 MBq of Tc99m-MDP i.v. Whole body images and lateral projections of lower extremities were done. Results: Bone scan in tibial syndrome was positive for 23 cases (82%), 65% of them were bilateral and 13% also had femoral injuries. X-rays were done in 10 cases and were all negative. In other localizations, the bone scans were negative, but demonstrated other degenerative lesions. All stress fractures were conservatively treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and suspension of physical activity. Conclusions: Bone scan is a reliable confirmatory tool for tibial stress syndrome diagnosis. In addition, it helps to determine both the severity and extension of the injury as well as support the indication of rest in the military population

  5. Determinants of military expenditure in Zimbabwe

    Zachary Tambudzai


    While many articles have been written on the determinants of military expenditure in developing countries, few have attempted to use a qualitative approach to investigate the underlying motives for military expenditure. This article uses data drawn from interviews with key informants and documentary sources to study the determinants of military expenditure in Zimbabwe. Findings suggest that Zimbabwe’s military expenditure since 1980 has been influenced more by internal political dynamics than...

  6. Pastoral Care and Counseling with Military Families.

    Moon, Zachary


    The complex human experience of military service and the stress suffered by millions of military families each time a loved one deploys present unique challenges and opportunities in providing pastoral care and counseling. War and military service impact many facets of our society, as well as generational and interpersonal relationships. This article speaks to both academic and practitioner communities, and provides a vision for effective pastoral care and counseling with military families drawing on resources from family systems theory. PMID:27281760

  7. 78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013


    ..., parents and children, sisters and brothers. During Military Family Month, we celebrate the families who... Documents#0;#0; ] Proclamation 9048 of October 31, 2013 Military Family Month, 2013 By the President of the... as well as they serve us. Military families exemplify the courage and resolve that define...

  8. Suicide and the Military Justice System.

    Lande, Raymond G.


    Notes that U.S. military policies emphasize humanitarian approach to issue of suicide, yet military law may view suicidal behavior as deviant and may prosecute suicide attempters. Cites convictions of soldiers for attempted and assisted suicides. Reviews recent court decisions and suggests revisions in military law. (Author/NB)

  9. ‘Scientific’ nationalism : N-VA and the discursive battle for the Flemish nation

    Maly, Ico


    This paper investigates how the discursive battle for the Flemish nation is waged in the Flemish mass media by politicians of the Flemish nationalist party, the New Flemish Alliance (N-VA). I focus on the ‘new nationalism’ that N-VA politicians advocate as a means to ‘banalise’ a hot Flemish nationa

  10. Battles and Borders. : Perspectives on Cultural Transmission and Literature in Minor Language Areas

    Broomans, Pieternella; Jensma, Goffe; Jiresch, Esther; Klok, Janna; van Elswijk, Roald


    Battles and Borders. Perspectives on Cultural Transmission and Literature in Minor Language Areas is about literature on the fringes of Europe. The authors all discuss the often unique ways in which literary history and cultural transfer function in peripheral and central regions against the backgro

  11. An Analysis Of “The Gymnastics Battle At Stockholm Elementary Schools”

    Wanneberg Pia Lundquist


    Full Text Available Introduction. In order to examine the consequences that a changed view of the child had on early twentieth-century teaching in Sweden, this article analyses a battle that erupted when a proposal for new lesson content for Swedish school gymnastics was presented.

  12. Seventh Fleet field training exercise : Fleet Battle Experiment Kilo : fires initiatives final report

    Schacher, G. E. (Gordon Everett); Pilnick, Steve; Irvine, Nelson; Gallup, Shelley


    Fleet Battle Experiment Kilo was conducted during Seventh Fleet exercise Tandem Thrust 03. During the Field Training Exercise phase, testing of Time Sensitive Targets processes using the Joint Fires Network was carried out. This report contains results obtained on contributions made by the Joint Fires Network to Navy Time Sensitive Targeting and experiment lessons learned. NA

  13. Seventh Fleet Command Post Exercise Fleet Battle Experiment Kilo Fires Initiative Final Report

    Schacher, Gordon Everett; Gallup, Shelley


    Fleet Battle Experiment was conducted during Seventh Fleet exercise Tandem Thrust 03. During the Command Post Exercise phase, testing of Time Sensitive Targets processes using the Joint Fires Network was carried out. This report covers training and use of the TES-N portion of the Joint Fires Network. Prepared for: Navy Warfare Development Command

  14. Guilford Courthouse: A Pivotal Battle in the War for Independence. Teaching with Historic Places.

    Baker, Thomas E.

    The backwoods county seat of Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina, was the site of a pivotal battle on March 15, 1781, in the Revolutionary War's decisive southern campaign. The engagement set the stage for the region's liberation from enemy occupation and impelled British general Lord Charles Cornwallis to take the ill-fated road that led him to…

  15. Racial Battle Fatigue for Latina/o Students: A Quantitative Perspective

    Franklin, Jeremy D.; Smith, William A.; Hung, Man


    Previous literature demonstrates that as a result of racial microaggressions and hostile campus racial climates, Latina/o students often state they experience psychological, physiological, and behavioral stress responses during and after racialized incidents on campuses. The purpose of this study is to quantitatively test the racial battle fatigue…

  16. 78 FR 41335 - Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle Mountain, NV


    ... Executive Order 12866; (2) is not a ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR... continues to read as follows: Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40103, 40113, 40120; E.O. 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Proposed Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle...

  17. 75 FR 12975 - Establishment of Class E Airspace; Battle Mountain, NV


    ... additional controlled airspace at Battle Mountain, NV (74 FR 67143). Interested parties were invited to... ``significant rule'' under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034; February 26, 1979); and (3) does.... 10854, 24 FR 9565, 3 CFR, 1959-1963 Comp., p. 389. Sec. 71.1 0 2. The incorporation by reference in...

  18. 77 FR 5840 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Kingman Museum, Incorporated, Battle Creek, MI; Correction


    ... Completion previously published in the Federal Register (73 FR 20941- 20942, Thursday, April 17, 2008), and... Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska. In the Federal Register notice (73 FR 20941-20942, Thursday, April 17... National Park Service Notice of Inventory Completion: Kingman Museum, Incorporated, Battle Creek,...

  19. An Analysis Of “The Gymnastics Battle At Stockholm Elementary Schools”

    Wanneberg Pia Lundquist


    Introduction. In order to examine the consequences that a changed view of the child had on early twentieth-century teaching in Sweden, this article analyses a battle that erupted when a proposal for new lesson content for Swedish school gymnastics was presented.

  20. Balancing Communities, Cultures, and Conflict: Lessons Learned From the East Ramapo School District Legal Battle

    Ober, Patrick; Decker, Janet R.


    This case illustrates why future school leaders must be prepared to handle complex legal and political issues that commonly arise in school districts today. We discuss a long-standing and unresolved legal battle between a Hasidic Jewish community and the public school district in East Ramapo, New York. In particular, we examine the difficulties…

  1. Equine medical center's isolation unit is valuable tool in battle against infectious diseases

    Musick, Marjorie


    Whether it is Equine Herpesvirus-1, Potomac Horse Fever or Strangles, infectious diseases in horses have appeared frequently in recent news headlines. Fortunately, the Marion duPont Scott Equine Medical Center in Leesburg, Va., is on the frontlines in the battle against infectious diseases within the equine population.

  2. Coordination and relationships between organisations during the civil-military international response against Ebola in Sierra Leone: an observational discussion.

    Forestier, Colleen; Cox, A T; Horne, S


    The Ebola virus disease (EVD) crisis in West Africa began in March 2014. At the beginning of the outbreak, no one could have predicted just how far-reaching its effects would be. The EVD epidemic proved to be a unique and unusual humanitarian and public health crisis. It caused worldwide fear that impeded the rapid response required to contain it early. The situation in Sierra Leone (SL) forced the formation of a unique series of civil-military interagency relationships to be formed in order to halt the epidemic. Civil-military cooperation in humanitarian situations is not unique to this crisis; however, the slow response, the unusual nature of the battle itself and the uncertainty of the framework required to fight this deadly virus created a situation that forced civilian and military organisations to form distinct, cooperative relationships. The unique nature of the Ebola virus necessitated a steering away from normal civil-military relationships and standard pillar responses. National and international non-governmental organisations (NGOs), Department for International Development (DFID) and the SL and UK militaries were required to disable this deadly virus (as of 7 November 2015, SL was declared EVD free). This paper draws on personal experiences and preliminary distillation of information gathered in formal interviews. It discusses some of the interesting features of the interagency relationships, particularly between the military, the UK's DFID, international organisations, NGOs and departments of the SL government. The focus is on how these relationships were key to achieving a coordinated solution to EVD in SL both on the ground and within the larger organisational structure. It also discusses how these relationships needed to rapidly evolve and change along with the epidemiological curve. PMID:27016507

  3. 中央红军会理攻坚战述论%Presentation and Discussion on the Battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li County

    刘财富; 景志明


    During the Long March period,the battle of the Central Red Army in Hui-li county of Si-chuan province was an important one.Because casualties were too serious,so many criticisms occurred in the Party or the Red Army.Based on the relevant historical documents,the author thinks the military action taken by the Red Army in Hui-li county had favorable and unfavorable factors.Though the battle didn’t win,it still had positive significance in which the Red Army went north rapidly and broke though the Da Du-he river defence set by the army of Kuomingtang.%会理攻坚战是中央红军长征在四川时的一场重要战斗。因红军伤亡过大且攻城失利,所以当时党内军内非议颇多。本文通过相关史料的梳理,分析红军攻城的有利与不利因素,从而说明这次战斗的失利对于中央红军迅速北上并突破国民党大渡河防线仍有积极的影响。

  4. [French European military haemovigilance guidelines].

    Sailliol, A; Clavier, B; Cap, A; Ausset, S


    European military transfusion services follow operational guidelines established by their respective national health systems and conform with European Union directives and NATO standards as applicable to member countries. Certain features are common to all of these standards, especially the pre-selection of volunteer, almost exclusively unpaid donors. NATO requirements are very close to European guidelines, with the exception that NATO permits the use of blood products collected in emergency conditions in theater when circumstances allow no better option. Blood product traceability exists for every country but is not always centralized or computerized. Serious adverse event reporting relies on national haemovigilance networks. Military considerations become important mainly in overseas operations, where the overall policy is to implement the relevant national, European or NATO guidelines with adjustments made for unique wartime circumstances and the risk/benefit ratio for the individual patient needing a transfusion. PMID:21051263

  5. Military Retention. A Comparative Outlook

    Vasile Sminchise


    Full Text Available One of the main goals for human resources management structures and for armed forces leaders is to maintain all necessary personnel, both qualitatively and quantitatively for operational needs or for full required capabilities. The retention of military personnel is essential to keep morale and unit readiness and to reduce the costs for recruiting, training, replacement of manpower. Retention rates depend not only on money or other social measures. The goal for retention is to keep in use the most valuable resource that belongs to an organization: the human beings and their knowledge. The aim pf this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of retention measures in various countries based on Research and Technology Organisation report released in 2007 and, thus, provide more examples of retention measures as far as the Romanian military system is concerned.

  6. Private Military and Security Contractors

    In Private Military and Security Contractors: Controlling the Corporate Warrior a multinational team of 16 scholars and a practitioner from political science, sociology, and law address a developing phenomenon: controlling the use of privatized force by states in international politics. Robust...... analyses of the evolving, multi-layered tapestry of formal and informal mechanisms of control include addressing the microfoundations of the market: the social and role identities of contract employees, their acceptance by military personnel, and potential tensions between them. The extent and willingness...... of key states—South Africa, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Israel—to monitor and enforce discipline to structure their contractual relations with PMSCs on land and at sea is examined, as is the ability of the industry to regulate itself. Finally, they assess the nascent...

  7. Echocardiography in military oxygen divers.

    Boussuges, Alain; Riera, Florence; Rossi, Pascal; Castagna, Olivier; Galland, François; Blatteau, Jean-Eric


    BACKGROUND: Oxygen divers undergo environmental stressors such as immersion, ventilation with scuba, cold exposure, and increased ambient pressure. All of these stressors may be responsible for acute hemodynamic modifications. We hypothesized that repeated hyperbaric hyperoxia exposure induces long-term cardiovascular modifications. METHODS: A Doppler echocardiography was conducted on 20 military oxygen divers (average 12 yr diving experience) and compared with 22 controls. Parameters known t...

  8. OLED study for military applications

    Barre, F.; Chiquard, A.; Faure, S.; Landais, L.; Patry, P.


    The presentation deals with some applications of OLED displays in military optronic systems, which are scheduled by SAGEM DS (Defence and Security). SAGEM DS, one of the largest group in the defence and security market, is currently investigating OLED Technologies for military programs. This technology is close from being chosen for optronic equipment such as future infantry night vision goggles, rifle-sight, or, more generally, vision enhancement systems. Most of those applications requires micro-display with an active matrix size below 1". Some others, such as, for instance, ruggedized flat displays do have a need for higher active matrix size (1,5" to 15"). SAGEM DS takes advantages of this flat, high luminance and emissive technology in highly integrated systems. In any case, many requirements have to be fulfilled: ultra-low power consumption, wide viewing angle, good pixel to pixel uniformity, and satisfactory behaviour in extreme environmental conditions.... Accurate measurements have been achieved at SAGEM DS on some micro display OLEDs and will be detailed: luminance (over 2000 cd/m2 achieved), area uniformity and pixel to pixel uniformity, robustness at low and high temperature (-40°C to +60°C), lifetime. These results, which refer to military requirements, provide a valuable feedback representative of the state of the art OLED performances.

  9. 推进军医大学任职教育发展的几点建议%Development of Professional Military Education in Military Medical Universities

    谭晓�; 刘岩; 张宏伟; 殷建华; 曹广文


    本文通过分析现代战争及卫勤保障的主要特点,提出军医大学任职教育深远发展的三个着眼点:一是提升专业人才培养的定位标准;二是改革完善任职教育课程体系,实现课程教学模块化;三是转变任职教育教学模式,积极开展主题式教学。在此基础上,提出实施任职教育的若干建议,同时强化教员与学员对任职教育的重视,鼓励创新,任职教育与学历教育互为所用,充分利用信息资源,加强与外军的交流和合作等,旨在提高军医大学任职教育改革的效率,确保卫勤保障在未来战场上及时、有力、到位。%Based on the features of modern warfare and medical service , three focuses were put forward concerning the development of professional military education ( PME) in military medical universities:1.Raise the training goal of professional talents;2 .Reform and improve curriculum system of professional military education , and perform modularization teaching;3 .Change PME teaching model and perform active topic -based teaching . Besides these , several suggestion were presented , such as strengthening the recognition of both teachers and students on the PME importance;encouraging innovation;enhancing mutual use of PME and academic education;making use of electronic information resources;strengthening the exchange and collaboration with foreign militaries , aiming to improve the efficiency of PME reform in military medical universities and ensuring medical service prompt, powerful and in position in the future battle field .

  10. Applying Advanced Imaging and Visualization Technology to the Battle of the Atlantic Shipwrecks between 20110531 and 20110821

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In 2008, the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary (MNMS) commenced a multiyear project focusing on shipwreck sites associated with the Battle of the Atlantic. During...

  11. Trial by Jury in Russian Military Courts

    Nikolai P. Kovalev


    Full Text Available One of peculiar features of the military criminal justice system in Russia is that in some cases military defendants may apply for trial by jury. Unlike the existing U.S. court-martial jury and the Russian military jury of the early 1900s (World War I period which were comprised of the members of the armed forces, in modern Russia jurors trying military defendants are civilians. This article aims to provide a brief history of military jury in Russia and identify issues of independence and impartiality in Russian military courts with participation of lay decision-makers. In particular, the article will analyze two high-profile cases which resulted in acquittals of Russian officers accused of killing several Chechen civilians during counter-terrorist operations in Chechnya.

  12. Military display market segment: helicopters

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Hopper, Darrel G.


    The military display market is analyzed in terms of one of its segments: helicopter displays. Parameters requiring special consideration, to include luminance ranges, contrast ratio, viewing angles, and chromaticity coordinates, are examined. Performance requirements for rotary-wing displays relative to several premier applications are summarized. Display sizes having aggregate defense applications of 5,000 units or greater and having DoD applications across 10 or more platforms, are tabulated. The issue of size commonality is addressed where distribution of active area sizes across helicopter platforms, individually, in groups of two through nine, and ten or greater, is illustrated. Rotary-wing displays are also analyzed by technology, where total quantities of such displays are broken out into CRT, LCD, AMLCD, EM, LED, Incandescent, Plasma and TFEL percentages. Custom, versus Rugged commercial, versus commercial off-the-shelf designs are contrasted. High and low information content designs are identified. Displays for several high-profile military helicopter programs are discussed, to include both technical specifications and program history. The military display market study is summarized with breakouts for the helicopter market segment. Our defense-wide study as of March 2004 has documented 1,015,494 direct view and virtual image displays distributed across 1,181 display sizes and 503 weapon systems. Helicopter displays account for 67,472 displays (just 6.6% of DoD total) and comprise 83 sizes (7.0% of total DoD) in 76 platforms (15.1% of total DoD). Some 47.6% of these rotary-wing applications involve low information content displays comprising just a few characters in one color; however, as per fixed-wing aircraft, the predominant instantiation involves higher information content units capable of showing changeable graphics, color and video.

  13. The Military Orders in Catalonia

    Josep Maria Sans i Travé


    Full Text Available The Jerosolimitan Orders of the Hospital, the Holy Sepulchre and the Temple reached Catalonia at a very early date, among other reasons because of its relationship with Provence through the marriage of Ramon Berenguer III and Dolça de Provença, as well as through the propaganda spread by the Catalan pilgrims who had visited the Holy Land. The counts and the nobility were the main instigators of donations of land, rights and goods to the orders, which encouraged them to move to the Principality. By the second half of the 12th century, they had already set up their respective networks of convents here, with particular influence in Catalunya Nova.Even though they depended institutionally on the central convents in the East (Jerusalem, Saint John of Acre, Cyprus and Rhodes, the latter the headquarters of the Order of the Hospital, the Catalan houses disassociated themselves with their original Provencal provinces and formed their own districts, which encompassed Aragon, as well as Mallorca and Valencia after they were conquered. The provincial Catalan masters, almost all of them from the middle class and petty nobility, represented the central convents. They managed the districts under the advice of the chapterhouses or annual meetings of the knight commanders or heads of the different houses, who also governed and administered the commandries. Part of the revenue was remitted to the central convents each year. Apart from money, the Catalan provinces also sent foodstuffs, horses, weapons and especially staff to the East. Some Catalan brothers would reach the top echelon of the orders, including Brother Arnau de Torroja, Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1181 to 1184; and Antoni de Fluvià and Pere Ramon Sacosta, Grand Masters of the Order of the Hospital in 1421-1437 and 1461-1467, respectively. The military orders participated in the territorial expansion campaigns in the 12th and 13th centuries and in the military actions of the Catalan

  14. Touchscreen displays for military cockpits

    Hoener, Steven J.; Hardy, Gregory J.


    To be successful, the implementation and mechanization of an infrared (IR) touchscreen display for military cockpit applications requires close attention to all aspects of integration, optics, display format design and system processing hardware and software. The F/A-18E/F program has incorporated a monochrome AMLCD touchscreen display into the cockpit to replace the mechanical pushbutton control panel. The new display provides the pilot with the versatility of a much more capable control panel and a new video display surface. This paper addresses the design considerations starting from concept development through integration and flight test, and finally to successful deployment of the Up- Front Control Display (UFCD) into production aircraft.

  15. Novecentism: Battle Against the Devil. Notes about Bontempelli’s Cultural and Aesthetic Project.

    Patrizia Farinelli


    Full Text Available This article, with reference to theoretical and polemical essays collected in L’Avventura novecentista (1938, retraces Bontempelli’s perspective on the project of cultural renewal (the Novecentism, which he himself promoted in the 1920’s. This article presents not only the battles he sustained and his farsightedness, but also the problems or rather the challenges of this project. Along these challenges came the utopian battle against relativism, the tendency to defend the autonomy of art and the contemporary requirement that this autonomy be open to the necessities of that time, as well the attempt to conciliate an artistic work, inclined to break the norms and expectations, with a concept of popular literature and art.

  16. Military Burden and the Democracy Puzzle

    Rota, Mauro


    The Kantian thought had advanced the idea that wars and military expenditure should decrease as long as democracy widens across the World. Historical evidence seems to invalidate this wisdom because frequency of wars is ncreasing over time and a large amount of public resources is still being committed to military spending. This paper contributes to explain this point by considering the effect of polity regimes on the military spending during the period 1880-1938. Indeed, before World War ...

  17. Taking Stock of EU Military Conflict Management

    Annemarie Peen Rodt


    Over the last decade, the EU has established itself as a player in the international field of conflict management. Both its civilian missions and military operations have played a significant part in this development. This article takes a closer look at the EU’s military endeavours in conflict management. It presents a theoretically grounded definition and a corresponding set of criteria for success in military conflict management and evaluates the operations accordingly. The article provides...

  18. Research on 6R Military Logistics Network

    Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

    The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

  19. Computer Modelling of a Tank vs Tank Battle on a Realistic Terrain

    Chatter Singh


    A computer simulation model of a tank vs tank battle scenario was earlier developed and programmed on PRIME-750. The model has been refined and improved further in terms of organisation, terrain and tactics. The present paper describes the following features, which have been incorporated into the model : (a) units in formation (b) physical terrain features in the form of sand dunes (c) tactical manoeuvres and (d) real-time graphic display of the whole combat action. In accordance with the sce...

  20. The development of a naval battle model and its validation using historical data

    Beall, Thomas Reagan.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This thesis describes the development and validation of a naval battle model which incorporates a tactical theory by Captain Wayne P. Hughes, Jr. Opposing forces are portrayed as aggregations of the staying power and combat power of their individual platforms. Attrition is modeled as a force-on- force process and is expressed in terms of the degradation of each force's combat power and staying power throughout the engagement, user var...

  1. Book review: The power surge: energy, opportunity, and the battle for America’s future

    Pirgova, Luba


    "The Power Surge: Energy, Opportunity and the Battle for America’s Future." Michael Levi. Oxford University Press. May 2013. --- In The Power Surge, Michael Levi takes readers inside the USA’s unfolding energy revolutions, and discusses how both fracking and eco-startups can offer big opportunities for the country to strengthen its economy, bolster its security, and protect the environment. Luba Pirgova finds that academic readers may be disappointed by the lack of scholarly references, but f...

  2. The battle of DTAC in Thailand’s mobile phone operator market

    Vanasakul, Parunya; Arayaphong, Supisra; Wankeao, Ploychompoo


    ABSTRACT Date: 2008-05-26 Program: International Marketing Course Master Thesis International Marketing (EF0705) Authors Parunya Vanasakul (830422) Ploychompoo Wankeao (850418) Supisra Arayaphong (831102) Teacher Tobias Eltebrandt Title The battle of DTAC in Thailand’s mobile phone operator market Strategic question How can DTAC gain higher market share by focusing on customers in Bangkok? Purpose The purpose of this research is to investigate, analyze current competition between DTAC and oth...

  3. Neutron back scattering for the search of the Battle of Anghiari

    The 'Battle of Anghiari' is a wall painting made by Leonardo Da Vinci around 1505. Its present day location is unknown but some indications suggest that the mural might be concealed behind a brick wall. Test measurements are presented demonstrating that neutron back scattering (NBS) can be used to search through the wall for the painting. NBS is a non-destructive technique to establish the presence of the hydrogen contained in the painting materials that were probably used by Da Vinci.

  4. Global comparison of warring groups in 2002-2007: fatalities from targeting civilians vs. fighting battles.

    Madelyn Hsiao-Rei Hicks

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Warring groups that compete to dominate a civilian population confront contending behavioral options: target civilians or battle the enemy. We aimed to describe degrees to which combatant groups concentrated lethal behavior into intentionally targeting civilians as opposed to engaging in battle with opponents in contemporary armed conflict. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We identified all 226 formally organized state and non-state groups (i.e. actors that engaged in lethal armed conflict during 2002-2007: 43 state and 183 non-state. We summed civilians killed by an actor's intentional targeting with civilians and combatants killed in battles in which the actor was involved for total fatalities associated with each actor, indicating overall scale of armed conflict. We used a Civilian Targeting Index (CTI, defined as the proportion of total fatalities caused by intentional targeting of civilians, to measure the concentration of lethal behavior into civilian targeting. We report actor-specific findings and four significant trends: 1. 61% of all 226 actors (95% CI 55% to 67% refrained from targeting civilians. 2. Logistic regression showed actors were more likely to have targeted civilians if conflict duration was three or more years rather than one year. 3. In the 88 actors that targeted civilians, multiple regressions showed an inverse correlation between CTI values and the total number of fatalities. Conflict duration of three or more years was associated with lower CTI values than conflict duration of one year. 4. When conflict scale and duration were accounted for, state and non-state actors did not differ. We describe civilian targeting by actors in prolonged conflict. We discuss comparable patterns found in nature and interdisciplinary research. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Most warring groups in 2002-2007 did not target civilians. Warring groups that targeted civilians in small-scale, brief conflict concentrated more lethal

  5. Book review: Battle for ground zero: inside the political struggle to rebuild the World Trade Center

    Bullock, Nathan


    "Battle for Ground Zero: Inside the Political Struggle to Rebuild the World Trade Center." Elizabeth Greenspan. Palgrave Macmillan. August 2013. --- After 9/11 came the question of what to do with Ground Zero. This book aims to go behind the scenes of the fight to rebuild, revealing how grieving families, commercial interests, and politicking bureaucrats clashed at every step of the way, confounding progress and infuriating the public. Nathan Bullock praises Elizabeth Greenspan’s book for giv...

  6. 登陆作战辅助决策系统%DSS for Landing Battle

    袁小虎; 刘典斗; 何友金


    Owe to mercurial air-sea environment during landing battles, decision support system (DSS) has become a necessary method for the validity and time utility of landing battle's decision-making. Analyzed the requirements of landing battle to DSS of air-sea environment, and ensured the system structure based on date base, model base and man-machine interface. Lastly, DSS was adopted based on improved BP neural network technology decision-making method, and the system runned well and has made good decision-making effects.%登陆作战中的大气海洋环境复杂多样,其必须借助辅助决策手段保证决策的正确性和时效性.分析登陆作战对大气海洋环境辅助决策的需求,确定基于数据库、模型库和人机界面的系统结构.最后,开发采用基于改进BP神经网络技术决策方法的辅助决策系统,该系统运行良好,能取得较好的决策效果.

  7. Study of Educational Adjustment and Educational Motivation in Military and Non-Military Students

    Khodabakhsh Ahmadi


    Full Text Available Students abilities to transfer from the community colleges into baccalaureate granting colleges and universities have become a global issue. The rise in students’college attendance has brought about new challenges in the area of academic motivation depriving them from educational pursuit despite proper qualifications. This comparative-descriptive study has been designed in order to compare between military and non-military students in terms of educational adjustment and motivation power and their related subscales. Subjects were selected from four colleges in Tehran.100 students from each college were selected through random sampling, subsequently the total sample were 400 college students. Half of whom were military college students and the other half was non-military college students. In order to collect data the Bell’s adjustment questionnaire and the questionnaire of educational motivation were used. Comparison between military and non-military students in terms of various aspects of adjustment showed that there is a meaningful difference between military and non-military students in terms of familial adjustment, hygienic adjustment and total adjustment (p≤0.01. Comparison between military and non-military students in terms of educational motivation power showed that there is meaningful difference in the level of p≤0.01 and was higher in military college students. Unlike non-military students, military students will definitely be working in areas relevant to their field of study. On one hand the motive to serve their country is stronger and that is why military students’ academic motive in meaningfully stronger than non-military students, maybe we need to increase motivation in non-military students with providing them job relevant to their field of study. The women Army population is not too high in IRAN so the problem related to this issue is not very serious at the moment. In order to prevent the upcoming problems in this issue we

  8. Non-Military Nuclear Ships

    The paper presents short description of nuclear reactor of loop-type PWRs for non-military ships in Russia and in Japan. It starts with the first nuclear ice-breaker ''Lenin'' initially powered with 3 x OK-150 reactors, replaced later by only 2 x OK-900 and then 2 x OK-900A. By reason of success the OK-900A twins were chosen for the six subsequent ice-breaker. Newer generation of propulsion reactors is KLT-40, also loop-type PWRs, which is used for container transport despite ice-breaking capabilities. Its modification, KLT-40M is meant also for river bound routes. Whereas the KLT-40C is intended for a floating power plant version. As the number of nuclear ships, civilian as well as military (aircraft carriers, submarines) increased it was rational to provide special (diesel powered) fleet to serve them for refueling, fuel storage, and liquid radwaste processing and interim storage. The Japanese nuclear research ship, Mutsu (36 MWt), had terminated its service several years ago. A stationary version of its reactor design (36 MWt, 9 MWe), being smaller in pressure vessel size, is being offered by the MHI for the coupling with a desalination plant

  9. Training MSSW Students for Military Social Work Practice and Doctoral Students in Military Resilience Research

    DuMars, Tyler; Bolton, Kristin; Maleku, Arati; Smith-Osborne, Alexa


    The demand for social workers with military-related practice and research experience exceeds the current supply. To advance military social work education, we developed an interlevel master's of science in social work (MSSW) field practicum and doctoral research practicum that provides military social work field experiences and contributes to…

  10. Bringing the Military Back in: Military Expenditures and Economic Growth 1990 to 2003

    Jeffrey Kentor


    Full Text Available After the “peace bonus” era, global military expenditures have escalated sharply despite some worldwide declines in military personnel. Theories on the economic impacts of the military institution and escalated military spending greatly differ and include arguments that they either improve domestic economic performance or crowd out growth-inducing processes. Empirical findings on this matter are inconclusive, in part due to a failure to disentangle the various dimensions of military expenditures. We further suggest that modern sociology's relative inattention to such issues has contributed to these shortcomings. We explore a new dimension of military spending that clarifies this issue—military expenditures per soldier —which captures the capital intensiveness of a country’s military organization. Our cross-national panel regression and causal analyses of developed and less developed countries from 1990 to 2003 show that military expenditures per soldier inhibit the growth of per capita GDP, net of control variables, with the most pronounced effects in least developed countries. These expenditures inhibit national development in part by slowing the expansion of the labor force. Labor-intensive militaries may provide a pathway for upward mobility, but comparatively capital-intensive military organizations limit entry opportunities for unskilled and under- or unemployed people. Deep investments in military hardware also reduce the investment capital available for more economically productive opportunities. We also find that arms imports have a positive effect on economic growth, but only in less developed countries.

  11. The demographics of military children and families.

    Clever, Molly; Segal, David R


    Since the advent of the all-volunteer force in the 1970s, marriage, parenthood, and family life have become commonplace in the U.S. military among enlisted personnel and officers alike, and military spouses and children now outnumber service members by a ratio of 1.4 to 1. Reviewing data from the government and from academic and nonacademic research, Molly Clever and David R. Segal find several trends that distinguish today's military families. Compared with civilians, for example, service members marry younger and start families earlier. Because of the requirements of their jobs, they move much more frequently than civilians do, and they are often separated from their families for months at a time. And despite steady increases since the 1970s in the percentage of women who serve, the armed forces are still overwhelmingly male, meaning that the majority of military parents are fathers. Despite these distinguishing trends, Clever and Segal's chief finding is that military families cannot be neatly pigeonholed. Instead, they are a strikingly diverse population with diverse needs. Within the military, demographic groups differ in important ways, and the service branches differ from one another as well. Military families themselves come in many forms, including not only the categories familiar from civilian life--two-parent, single-parent, and so on--but also, unique to the military, dual-service families in which both parents are service members. Moreover, military families' needs change over time as they move through personal and military transitions. Thus the best policies and programs to help military families and children are flexible and adaptable rather than rigidly structured. PMID:25518690

  12. Professor M. M. Zagorulko’s school of economic and military history of Russia

    Redkina Olga Yurievna


    Full Text Available Maxim Matveyevich Zagorulko is the first rector of Volgograd State University, the veteran of the Great Patriotic War, the Honorable Citizen of Volgograd. He is the founder and the head of the scientific school studying various aspects of the Fatherland’s history. In the 1960s, M.M. Zagorulko united researches in the field of an economic history of Russia and the Great Patriotic War history. He had chosen as a subject of his doctoral dissertation a history of operation of economy of temporarily occupied territories of the USSR by fascists. In 1970, M.M. Zagorulko in a co-authorship with the Moscow scholar, the active participant of guerrilla movement A.F. Yudenkov published the monograph “Crash of Economic Plans of Fascist Germany on Temporarily Occupied Territory of the USSR”. Soon it was translated into the Czech language. In 1974, there was the second, added and modified edition of the book by M.M. Zagorulko and A.F. Yudenkov – “Crash of the «Oldenburg» Plan”. The third edition of this book was issued in 1980 in the Russian and Czech languages in Moscow and Bratislava. In 1975, Maxim M. Zagorulko defended his doctoral dissertation in the Dissertation Council of Leningrad State University on the subject “Economic Policy of Fascist Germany in the Occupied Territory of the USSR and Its Crash”. M.M. Zagorulko, his pupils and adherents conduct scientific researches in the field of an Economic History of Russia, History of military captivity in the USSR, History of the Battle of Stalingrad and so forth. Under his management multivolume collections of documents were published, monographs were written and dissertations were defended. The fundamental Encyclopedia of the Battle of Stalingrad created by him was declared in 2010 as “The best book of Russia”. In all these projects, theses and monographs M.M. Zagorulko is the organizer and inspirer of scientific researches.

  13. 7 CFR 1400.213 - Military personnel.


    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military personnel. 1400.213 Section 1400.213 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT... AND SUBSEQUENT CROP, PROGRAM, OR FISCAL YEARS Payment Eligibility § 1400.213 Military personnel. If...

  14. 14 CFR 13.21 - Military personnel.


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military personnel. 13.21 Section 13.21 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURAL RULES INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES Legal Enforcement Actions § 13.21 Military personnel. If a report...

  15. The European Union and Military Conflict Management

    Rodt, Annemarie Peen

    This book provides the first comprehensive review of the European Union’s role in military conflict management beyond its borders and makes an important contribution to debates on the EU’s role in global security governance. The EU has launched five military operations within the framework of its...

  16. Investigating Team Learning in a Military Context

    Veestraeten, Marlies; Kyndt, Eva; Dochy, Filip


    As teams have become fundamental parts of today's organisations, the need for these teams to function and learn efficiently and effectively is widely emphasised. Also in military contexts team learning is vital. The current article examines team learning behaviour in military teams as it aims to cross-validate a team learning model that was…

  17. 76 FR 68609 - Military Family Month, 2011


    ... make America's military the finest in the world, their family members embody the resilience and... United States of America the two hundred and thirty-sixth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc. 2011-28838 Filed... November 4, 2011 Part III The President Proclamation 8743--Military Family Month, 2011 Proclamation...

  18. World military expenditures and global cardiovascular mortality.

    Brenner, M Harvey


    Can we estimate the consequences of world military expenditures for the physical and mental health of nations that produce and purchase armaments? If anxiety and fear are promoting military expenditures, then those sentiments may well reflect poorer mental health and war-related stress as it influences cardiovascular illness rates. Further, extensive military expenditure by a society implies that other societal needs are allocated fewer resources, including nutrition, water and sanitation, health care, and economic development. We use a model focused on military expenditures to predict cardiovascular mortality in world samples of industrialized and developing countries over 2000-2011. The cardiovascular mortality model controls for economic development, smoking, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, and carbon dioxide emissions. Military expenditures as proportion of gross domestic product show significant positive relations to cardiovascular disease mortality in linear multiple regression analyses, using both cross-sectional and pooled cross-sectional time-series approaches. PMID:26675148

  19. Taking Stock of EU Military Conflict Management

    Annemarie Peen Rodt


    Full Text Available Over the last decade, the EU has established itself as a player in the international field of conflict management. Both its civilian missions and military operations have played a significant part in this development. This article takes a closer look at the EU’s military endeavours in conflict management. It presents a theoretically grounded definition and a corresponding set of criteria for success in military conflict management and evaluates the operations accordingly. The article provides a comprehensive review of all the EU military conflict management operations to date. The analysis is structured and focused around the criteria for success, which provides a more nuanced picture of the Union’s operational achievements throughout its first decade in military conflict management.

  20. Optical interconnects for military systems

    Honey, David A.


    Optical interconnects are being used increasingly in military systems. Sensor platforms in particular have seen great benefit from the use of fiberoptics as a replacement for coaxial cables. Optical interconnects is continuing to find new application at shorter and shorter distances throughout the sensor platform. High density free space optical components will extend the use of optical interconnects down to the inter-chip level. However, optical interconnect technologies can do more than just transmit data at high speeds. The ability to simultaneously process and transmit optical data, as could be done in optical signal processing, gives optical interconnects the ability to inject new capabilities into sensor system on-board processing. In order to see actual field deployment, these new technologies will need to be rigorously tested.

  1. Military nuclear activities. Strategic prospects

    This special dossier aims at providing some key articles about France's deterrence doctrine. It provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges and questions about military nuclear activities and opens up some future prospects about this question. The dossier comprises 37 papers dealing with: 1 - Military nuclear activities: yesterday, today, tomorrow (Coldefy, A.); 2 - Deterrence according to French President Francois Hollande: continuation, precision and inflexions (Tertrais, B.); 3 - French deterrence warrantor of our independence in the 21. century (Rouillard, G.); 4 - The deterrence concept prior to the nuclear weapon era (Widemann, T.); 5 - France: the strategic marine force in operation (Guillaume, L.M.); 6 - Relevance of the airborne component in the nuclear deterrence strategy (Steininger, P.); 7 - Deterrence stakes for the Directorate General of Armaments (Guillemette, A.); 8 - The Charles-de-Gaulle aircraft carrier: the deterrence voice from the sea (Wodka-Gallien, P.); 9 - Deterrence: missions of the army's radiation protection department (Amabile, J.C.; Granger-Veyron, N.; Carbonnieres, H. de); 10 - The French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and the French defense strategy (Roche, N.); 11 - DCNS, general contractor in the service of deterrence (Guillou, H.); 12 - The airborne nuclear component for MBDA (Bouvier, A.); 13 - Ballistic missile of the marine nuclear component: industrial stakes (Pastre, B.); 14 - Beyond defense against missiles: a US anti-deterrence strategy (Baconnet, A.); 15 - Deterrence dynamics in South Asia (Monsonis, G.); 16 - Military nuclear activities in East Asia (Brisset, J.V.); 17 - North Korea would own nuclear weapons, so what? (Hemez, R.); 18 - About the risk of nuclear warfare in Europe (Tchernega, V.); 19 - Present day nuclear activities: deterrence and gesticulation (Wedin, L.); 20 - Belgian F-16 replacement: nuclear dimension (Dumoulin, A.); 21 - Israel and nuclear deterrence (Razoux, P.); 22 - Nuclear

  2. Market impact of military material

    The international uranium market is unique among industries affected by disarmament, in that primary uranium production is so far below consumption that the market can easily accommodate the introduction of military materials. However, governments need to schedule their introduction responsibly to avoid jeopardizing the multi-billion dollar investments made in the private sector over the past 40 years; but so far, the only recognition of this responsibility is in the assurances given U.S. producers and Canada. Unfortunately, these assurances are already under attack by US Enrichment Corp. (USEC). How this drama is played out will determine the future of producers around the world and, for the time being, will continue to contribute to an uncertain world uranium market. 5 figs

  3. 建设我军远程口腔医疗系统的初步研究%Preliminary Research on Military Telemedicine System of Stomatology in China

    李广文; 王军; 李刚


    Objective To construct military telemedicine system of stomatology ao that we can utilize the military and civilian oral medical resources to support the forces in remote areas or complicated battle environment. Methods Military telemedicine system of stomatology between China and foreign countries were compared. The perspective and problems of military telemedicine system of stomatology were analyzed. Results In reference of a great deal of literature, the construction of telemedicine system of stomatology was analyzed and military telemedicine system of stomatology was supposed to construct. Conclusion Due to various factors, there is still little research on military telemedicine system of stomatology. Weshould speed up the study and put it into use as soon as possible.%目的:建设远程口腔医疗系统可以有效利用军内和民间口腔医疗资源,为偏远或战时复杂危险战场环境的部队提供精良的口腔卫生勤务保障服务.方法:对比国内外远程口腔医疗系统建设情况,对前景和存在的问题进行初步分析.结果:通过参考大量国内外文献,对建设远程口腔医疗系统进行了全方位的分析,初步构想了军内未来远程口腔医疗系统.结论:由于各种因素,军内远程口腔医疗系统研究还处于迟滞状态,还需要加紧加快研究,并尽早投入应用.

  4. Does Peacetime Military Service Affect Crime?

    Albæk, Karsten; Leth-Petersen, Søren; le Maire, Christian Daniel; Tranæs, Torben

    Draft lottery data combined with Danish longitudinal administrative records show that military service can reduce criminal activity for youth offenders who enter service at ages 19-22. For this group property crime is reduced for up to five years from the beginning of service, and the effect is...... therefore not only a result of incapacitation while enrolled. We find no effect of service on violent crimes. We also find no effect of military service on educational attainment and unemployment, but we find negative effects of service on earnings. These results suggest that military service does not...

  5. Does Peacetime Military Service Affect Crime?

    Albæk, Karsten; Leth-Petersen, Søren; le Maire, Daniel; Tranæs, Torben


    Draft lottery data combined with Danish longitudinal administrative records show that military service can reduce criminal activity for youth offenders. For this group property crime is reduced, and our results indicate that the effect is unlikely to be the result of incapacitation only. We find no...... effect of military service on violent crime, on educational attainment, or on employment and earnings, either in the short or the long run. These results suggest that military service does not upgrade productive human capital directly, but rather impacts criminal activity through other channels, for...

  6. Simulation in Military Training: Recent Developments

    Debasis Dutta


    Full Text Available Training is considered to be one of the key factors in achieving military goal. Growing concernover the increasing training costs, time, risk of life and paucity of training ranges has forced peopleto adopt newer technologies like computer simulation models, simulators and computer wargamesin military training. With the advancement of computer and communication technologies along withthe advent of other newer technologies, these tools have emerged effective and also havesignificantly less operational cost. It is also becoming possible to integrate simulators, simulationand live exercise through networking, resulting into an effective training tool. This paper highlightsthe advancement of simulation technology in military training and also highlights its applications inIndia.

  7. Does Peacetime Military Service Affect Crime?

    Albæk, Karsten; Leth-Petersen, Søren; le Maire, Daniel; Tranæs, Torben


    Draft lottery data combined with Danish longitudinal administrative records show that military service can reduce criminal activity for youth offenders. For this group property crime is reduced, and our results indicate that the effect is unlikely to be the result of incapacitation only. We find no...... effect of military service on violent crime, on educational attainment, or on employment and earnings, either in the short or the long run. These results suggest that military service does not upgrade productive human capital directly, but rather impacts criminal activity through other channels, for...

  8. Military Expenditure in European/NATO Countries

    Rožmberský, Vít


    After the break-up of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, there prevailed a belief that keeping a significant military force will no longer be necessary and that European democratic countries with developed market economy need not fear major armed conflicts anymore. This led to a significant military budget and military investment downsizing known as the Peace Dividend. As a result of the geo-political and socio-economic events in early 1990s there were two opposing views on global ...

  9. Real Time Information Fusion in Military Systems

    E. Bhagiratharao


    Full Text Available With the proliferation of sensors on platforms like battle ships and aircraft, the information to be handled by the battlefield commanders has significantly increased in the recent time. From a deluge of information flowing from sensors, the battlefield commander is required to make situation assessment in real-time and take appropriate action. Recent studies by cognitive scientists have indicated that decision making by individuals as well as a team suffer from several biases. For these two reasons, the battlefield commanders need assistance of real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of highly dynamic battle situation in real-time information fusion systems to take objective assessment of a highly dynamic battle situation in real-time. The real-time information fusion systems at a single platform level as well as that applicable for geographically distributed platforms is discussed in detail in this paper. It was concluded that by carrying out these activities at the platform level as well as at 'global' level involving several platforms, the limitations in performance of any sensor due to propagation effects or due to enemy counter measures can be significantly minimised or totally eliminated. At the same time the functional effectiveness of each sensor onboard different platforms, becomes better than when it had to operate autonomously within the real-time information fusion facility. By carrying out global real-time information fusion activity in a theatre of war, all the platforms operating in the area will have the benefit of the best sensor in that area on each aspect of the capability. A few examples of real-time information fusion system are also discussed.

  10. Computer Modelling of a Tank vs Tank Battle on a Realistic Terrain

    Chatter Singh


    Full Text Available A computer simulation model of a tank vs tank battle scenario was earlier developed and programmed on PRIME-750. The model has been refined and improved further in terms of organisation, terrain and tactics. The present paper describes the following features, which have been incorporated into the model : (a units in formation (b physical terrain features in the form of sand dunes (c tactical manoeuvres and (d real-time graphic display of the whole combat action. In accordance with the scenario, improved criteria for manoeuvres bypassing obstacles, search and fire have been introduced.

  11. Astronomy EPO and the 2012 Hysteria: Your Personal Guide to Joining the Battle

    Larsen, K.


    Individual members of the astronomical community have, in recent months, begun to take up the charge and rally against the vast army of pseudoscience, superstition, and snake oil salesmen that is the 2012 phenomenon. EPO specialists and facilities are in a unique and vitally important position to move to the forefront of this battle, given our long-standing dedication to improving the astronomical education of the general public. This poster documents concrete ways in which the astronomy EPO community can (and should) combat the 2012 movement.

  12. Historical memory about the Battle of Stalingrad as a factor of interethnic tolerance

    Mazhnikov Viktor Ivanovich


    Full Text Available Currently, such an event as the Great Patriotic War, the Battle of Stalingrad, which is an important part of the historical memory of our people, should be a major factor in shaping the relations of tolerance among peoples and nations. Objectivity and impartiality of emphasis in the interpretation of this historic event will contribute, in our view, the rational friendly coexistence of peoples. In a situation of manipulation of historical memory for political purposes will inevitably emerge alertness bias in international relations, which will inevitably lead to heighten ethnic tensions and conflicts.

  13. The Return of the Battle of Algiers in Mediterranean Shadows: Race, Resistance and Victimization

    O'Riley, Michael


    In late summer 2003, when resistance to the American occupation in Iraq acquired the profile of a war of guerilla insurgency through increased bombings and acts of sabotage, the office of Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict at the Pentagon designed and distributed e-mail flyers for those involved in “wot,” or the war on terror. The email with the cautionary heading, “How to win a battle against terrorism and lose the war of ideas,” was an invitation to a special screening of the 196...

  14. Where’s BattleTech in MechWarrior Online? A Case Study in Game Adaptation

    Backe, Hans-Joachim


    MechWarrior Online (MWO) is a free-to-play combat simulation based on BattleTech, a tactical board game launched by FASA Corporation in 1984. MWO is only the latest of a long series of digital games based on the board game, yet both its commercial model and its dedicated online play set it apart...... from its predecessors. As with all online games, there is a lively discussion among players on both official and unofficial forums about the game, especially about the balancing of units. The most heavily contested issue is the upcoming first major expansion to the game, the Clan invasion. While this...... issues and created the most convincing interpretation of BattleTech rules to date. This is mostly due to PGI’s considerate interpolation of spatial and temporal measurements from BattleTech’s coarse granularity. The board game is played on a surface with hex squares of one inch in diameter, operating at...

  15. Battle for the Enlightenment: Neoliberalism, Critical Theory and the Role of Circumvential Education in Fostering a New Phase of the Enlightenment

    Letizia, Angelo


    Higher education is one of the last democratic institutions in society and it is currently under attack by advocates of neo-liberalism. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how this "battle" can be framed as a battle over the direction of the Enlightenment. Critical Theory and neoliberalism both emerged from academia in response to…


    Catalin ANTON


    Full Text Available Abstract A long list of allied or coalition type military actions against entities declared as aggressors, failed or terrorist states/organizations has been recorded for the past 25 years. To reach an end state for any action planned by the military or established at any decagon making level, usually the political one, all information must be shared throughout all coalition/ allied components. That is mainly done by specialized elements that play the role of primary structures in charge of analyzing all information necessary for the military commander’s decision-making process. In this context, the article aims to outline the importance of the decision-making process for military commandants, as part of large /important coalition / allied structures and the level of training required of the latter to use the intelligence cycle to fulfill their main mission in their area of responsibility.

  17. Next generation estrategic airlift military transport



    The overall goal of this project is to design a next generation strategic airlift military transport for entry in 2030. The design must follow specific rules and specifications required by the AIAA Foundation Undergraduate Team Aircraft Design Competition.

  18. Introduction to tactile displays in military environments

    Erp, J.B.F. van; Self, B.P.


    Challenging situations, such as those encountered by military pilots, are often a major thrust for ergonomic innovation. Examples include the development of advanced, multimodal, and intuitive interface techniques to counteract the danger of visual, auditory, and cognitive overload. Tactile displays

  19. Preventing heat injury: military versus civilian perspective.

    Cooper, J K


    Guidelines for preventing heat injury (HI) among military personnel are not directly applicable to civilian personnel. Military guidelines call for relatively large volumes of prophylactic water consumption and physical activity limitations depending on the wet bulb globe temperature. However, in civilian populations, there is an increased prevalence of HI risk factors: older age, medication use, especially anticholinergic and psychotropic medications, obesity, previous HI, and skin disorders. Although dehydration is a major contributor to HI in military situations, it is unlikely in classical heat stroke among civilians. Civilian guidelines are based on the heat index. Activity levels must be restricted more for civilians, and prophylactic water consumption (beyond replacing loss from sweat) is not necessary. This review discusses the pathophysiology of heat injury, contrasts the military and civilian approach to prevention of HI, and describes appropriate field intervention for HI. PMID:9002705


    Svirezhev C.A.


    Full Text Available Integration of the Russian Federation in the international community, to find the most effective ways to implement the military and land reforms require a comprehensive study. The paper identifies the main problems that hinder the effective implementation of the reform of the conversion, the ways of their solutions, including use of the experience of the advanced countries of the European Union. Identified military objects to be conversion, shown combining them into groups according to various criteria. Proposed a typology of ex-military territories. Notes the role of the organization of effective land use conversion in the areas of land use planning, identifies the main documents required for the implementation of planned activities. The problems of land use planning conversion ex-military territories.

  1. What is military psychology? Symposium Proceedings

    Arima, James K.


    Symposium proceedings: papers presented in a symposium entitled "What is Military Psychology", held on 3 September 1979 at the 87th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association in New York City

  2. 49 CFR 1503.407 - Military personnel.


    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES... the Department of Defense who is subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice (10 U.S.C. chapter...

  3. Benefits for Military Veterans with ALS

    ... Chapters Certified Centers and Clinics Support Groups About ALS About Us Our Research In Your Community Advocate ... Veterans Resources for Military Veterans, Families & Survivors The ALS Association is working everyday to support people with ...

  4. Growth of Military Operational Research in India .

    Jaiswal, N. K.


    Operational Research has contributed substantially to decisions on cost-effective induction of weapon systems, evaluation of tactical plans, development of computerised war games for training, realistic formulation of General Staff Qualitative Requirements, performance and reliability evaluation of military hardware under design and development, force structure, planning and other tactical and strategic issues in Indian defence. This paper reviews the work in Military OR initiated by P...

  5. Alcohol and Stress in the Military

    Schumm, Jeremiah A.; Chard, Kathleen M.


    Although research has independently linked stress experienced by military personnel to both alcohol use and posttraumatic stress disorder, more recently researchers have noted that there also is a significant overlap between stress reactions and alcohol use in veterans and active-duty service members. This overlap seems to be most understood in individuals who have experienced combat or military sexual trauma. This article will provide a brief review of some potential causal mechanisms underl...

  6. Simulation in Military Training: Recent Developments

    Debasis Dutta


    Training is considered to be one of the key factors in achieving military goal. Growing concernover the increasing training costs, time, risk of life and paucity of training ranges has forced peopleto adopt newer technologies like computer simulation models, simulators and computer wargamesin military training. With the advancement of computer and communication technologies along withthe advent of other newer technologies, these tools have emerged effective and also havesignificantly less ope...


    Svirezhev C.A.


    Integration of the Russian Federation in the international community, to find the most effective ways to implement the military and land reforms require a comprehensive study. The paper identifies the main problems that hinder the effective implementation of the reform of the conversion, the ways of their solutions, including use of the experience of the advanced countries of the European Union. Identified military objects to be conversion, shown combining them into groups according to variou...

  8. Father Absence Effects on Military Children.

    Curran, Donald Joseph


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The effects of father absence on military children were studied by use of a questionnaire and personal interviews. The sample consisted of U.S. military officers and their dependents stationed at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. The study focused on the nature of the absence and how that affected the children's emotional stability and child development. In addition, some coping mechanisms were studied to determine if these ...

  9. Morphological Characteristics of Conidiogenesis in Cordyceps militaris

    Shrestha, Bhushan; Han, Sang-Kuk; Yoon, Kwon-Sang; Sung, Jae-Mo


    Conidial development of Cordyceps militaris was observed from germinating ascospores and vegetative hyphae through light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Ascospores were discharged from fresh specimens of C. militaris in sterile water as well as Sabouraud Dextrose agar plus Yeast Extract (SDAY) plates. We observed ascospore germination and conidial formation periodically. Under submerged condition in sterile water, most part-spores germinated unidirectionally and conidia were developed...

  10. Military Interrogations: Best Practices and Beliefs

    Matthew D. Semel


    This study was designed to address some of the gaps in knowledge about interrogations conducted by military interrogators and provide information about methods from their perspectives, based on their experiences.  Kassin et al.  (2007) conducted the first self-report survey of best interrogation practices and beliefs of law enforcement officers. This study followed that model, using a different population from which to obtain the sample: military interrogators.  Like Kassin&rsq...

  11. Tuition Assistance Usage and First-Term Military Retention.

    Buddin, Richard; Kapur, Kanika

    Tuition Assistance (TA) is a military-sponsored program that reimburses military members for 75% of the tuition costs of college classes while on active duty in the hope of making military service more attractive to young people and encouraging them to remain in the military. TA's effectiveness was examined by using two models--a bivariate probit…

  12. Regulation of human cytokines by Cordyceps militaris

    Yong Sun


    Full Text Available Cordyceps (Cordyceps militaris exhibits many biological activities including antioxidant, inhibition of inflammation, cancer prevention, hypoglycemic, and antiaging properties, etc. However, a majority of studies involving C. militaris have focused only on in vitro and animal models, and there is a lack of direct translation and application of study results to clinical practice (e.g., health benefits. In this study, we investigated the regulatory effects of C. militaris micron powder (3 doses on the human immune system. The study results showed that administration of C. militaris at various dosages reduced the activity of cytokines such as eotaxin, fibroblast growth factor-2, GRO, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. In addition, there was a significant decrease in the activity of various cytokines, including GRO, sCD40L, and tumor necrosis factor-α, and a significant downregulation of interleukin-12(p70, interferon-γ inducible protein 10, and macrophage inflammatory protein-1β activities, indicating that C. militaris at all three dosages downregulated the activity of cytokines, especially inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Different dosages of C. militaris produced different changes in cytokines.

  13. [Cancer incidence in the military: an update].

    Peragallo, Mario Stefano; Urbano, Francesco; Sarnicola, Giuseppe; Lista, Florigio; Vecchione, Alfredo


    An abnormally elevated rate of Hodgkin's lymphoma was reported in 2001 among Italian soldiers in Bosnia and Kosovo since 1995: a surveillance system was therefore set up for the military community. Preliminary results for a longer period (1996-2007) have shown incidence rates lower than expected for all malignancies. No significant difference was registered between observed and expected cases of Hodkin's lymphoma: the excess of reported cases for this malignancy in 2001-2002 was probably due to a peak occurred in 2000 among the whole military; it is therefore unrelated to deployment in the Balkans, and probably represents a chance event. Moreover, a significant excess of thyroid cancer was reported among the whole military.The estimated number of incident cases, including those missed by the surveillance system, was not significantly higher than expected for all cancers; conversely, the estimated incidence rate of thyroid cancer was significantly increased; this excess, however, is probably due to a selection bias.These data concerning cancer surveillance in the Italian military are consistent with lacking evidence of an increased cancer incidence among troops of other countries deployed in the areas of Iraq, Bosnia, and Kosovo, where armour penetrating depleted uranium shells have been used. However, a comprehensive assessment of cancer morbidity in the military requires a revision of the privacy regulations, in order to link individual records of military personnel and data bases of the National Health Service. PMID:22166781

  14. The Current State of Global Military Security


    The world military security situation has entered a period of readjustment and transformation following the events of 9/11 and the ensuing war against terror. The "arc of crisis" in peripheral areas of the Eurasian continent and other regions is unsettled or tumultuous. Confronted by these new situations and challenges, military forces throughout the world have reassessed their respective strategic environment and adopted new transforming measures, which have brought about a dramatic change in military circumstances, thinking and operation in every country. More specifically, the U.S. unipolar military power has expanded, while at the same time is constrained by various internal and external factors. Worldwide military competition is becoming more complicated. Nuclear proliferation and upgrading has steadily developed, paving the way for an arms race on land, sea and in the air. Thus, the world's military situation is becoming more complex, with various factors-conflicts between unilateral and multilateral poles, cooperation and competition,readjustment and transformation, stability and instability-all interconnected.

  15. What could have been done? reflections on the radioactive waste battle as seen from below

    How best to describe the three-year long battle between Posiva, the company promoting final disposal of spent nuclear fuel, on one hand, and the local resistance, mobilized in a citizen movement, on the other? A battle undoubtedly reminding that of Goliath versus David, i.e., rather uneven what comes to resources, influence and knowledge. Probably one word is enough, and that is 'theater'. This because so much in the whole process, especially concerning the environmental impact assessment (EIA), reminded a dramatic spectacle with everything written in advance: the parts, the complicated and stepwise choreography and, above all, the whole narrative, from the very beginning to the (from the resisters' point of view) bitter end. In my speech, I will try to describe the spectacle as seen from below, especially from the activists' point of view. I will do this by accounting for the strategy adopted by the Lovisa movement, the citizen movement rapidly mobilized against Posiva's deposit plans, as soon as they became public the 4 January 1997. (author)

  16. [War Relief of Japanese Red Cross Nurses in the Lost Battle of Burma].

    Kawahara, Yukari


    This paper aims to reveal changes in the relief support of the Japanese Red Cross relief units dispatched to Burma during the Second World War, from the beginning of fighting in Burma to the Japanese withdrawal. Japanese Red Cross relief units began their relief support when Japan invaded Burma in February of 1942. Counterattacks by the British, Indian and Chinese armies from December 1942 caused an increase in the number of patients. There were also many cases of malnutrition and malaria due to the extreme shortage of medical supplies as a result of the Battle of Imphal, which began in March of 1944. Bomb raids became even more intense after the battle ended in July 1944, and patients were carried into bomb shelters and caves on a daily basis. Just prior to invasion by enemy troops, they were ordered to evacuate to neighboring Thailand. Nurses from the Wakayama group hid their identity as members of the Red Cross and evacuated, with 15 out of 23 dying or being reported missing in action. PMID:27089734

  17. Risk Information Management Resource (RIMR): modeling an approach to defending against military medical information assurance brain drain

    Wright, Willie E.


    As Military Medical Information Assurance organizations face off with modern pressures to downsize and outsource, they battle with losing knowledgeable people who leave and take with them what they know. This knowledge is increasingly being recognized as an important resource and organizations are now taking steps to manage it. In addition, as the pressures for globalization (Castells, 1998) increase, collaboration and cooperation are becoming more distributed and international. Knowledge sharing in a distributed international environment is becoming an essential part of Knowledge Management. This is a major shortfall in the current approach to capturing and sharing knowledge in Military Medical Information Assurance. This paper addresses this challenge by exploring Risk Information Management Resource (RIMR) as a tool for sharing knowledge using the concept of Communities of Practice. RIMR is based no the framework of sharing and using knowledge. This concept is done through three major components - people, process and technology. The people aspect enables remote collaboration, support communities of practice, reward and recognize knowledge sharing while encouraging storytelling. The process aspect enhances knowledge capture and manages information. While the technology aspect enhance system integration and data mining, it also utilizes intelligent agents and exploits expert systems. These coupled with supporting activities of education and training, technology infrastructure and information security enables effective information assurance collaboration.

  18. Prevention and Treatment of Substance Abuse in Military Personnels

    Mohamadreza Najarzadegan; S. Abbas Tavalaee; Gholamreza Karami


    Background: Drug abuse was existed in militaries all of the time and according to many researches it has very negatinve effect military readiness and their epic activity. So in many military systems ordained some protocols to prevent and treatment Drug abuse and addiction in soldiers.Materials and Method: In this original article we surveyed all literatures about substance abuse and addiction in militaries, inside & outside data banks and military psychology’s title books for prevention and c...

  19. The private military industry: economic analysis, uses and considerations

    Sokmen, Ercan


    MBA Professional Report Different customers in different ages have used private military members as part of the military operations. After to Cold War, a new form of Private Military Industry emerged. Companies serving in both military support and offensive operations, and morally and legally questionable military operations in conflict regions raised many dilemmas about the industry. Without understanding the economic, legal, ethical, and contractual dynamics of the industry, there is ...

  20. Effects of extreme-duration heavy load carriage on neuromuscular function and locomotion: a military-based study.

    Jordane G Grenier

    Full Text Available UNLABELLED: Trekking and military missions generally consist of carrying heavy loads for extreme durations. These factors have been separately shown to be sources of neuromuscular (NM fatigue and locomotor alterations. However, the question of their combined effects remains unresolved, and addressing this issue required a representative context. PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the effects of extreme-duration heavy load carriage on NM function and walking characteristics. METHODS: Ten experienced infantrymen performed a 21-h simulated military mission (SMM in a middle-mountain environment with equipment weighing ∼27 kg during battles and ∼43 kg during marches. NM function was evaluated for knee extensors (KE and plantar flexors (PF pre- and immediately post-SMM using isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC measurement, neural electrical stimulation and surface EMG. The twitch-interpolation method was used to assess central fatigue. Peripheral changes were examined by stimulating the muscle in the relaxed state. The energy cost, mechanical work and spatio-temporal pattern of walking were also evaluated pre-/post-SMM on an instrumented treadmill in three equipment conditions: Sportswear, Battle and March. RESULTS: After the SMM, MVC declined by -10.2±3.6% for KE (P<0.01 and -10.7±16.1% for PF (P = 0.06. The origin of fatigue was essentially peripheral for both muscle groups. A trend toward low-frequency fatigue was detected for KE (5.5%, P = 0.08. These moderate NM alterations were concomitant with a large increase in perceived fatigue from pre- (rating of 8.3±2.2 to post-SMM (15.9±2.1, P<0.01. The SMM-related fatigue did not alter walking energetics or mechanics, and the different equipment carried on the treadmill did not interact with this fatigue either. CONCLUSION: this study reports the first data on physiological and biomechanical consequences of extreme-duration heavy load carriage. Unexpectedly, NM function

  1. Military Construction of British against Germany alone in World War II%二战英国单独抗德的军事建设



    自1940年6月法国战败至1941年6月德军入侵苏联的一年里是英国在单独抵抗德军的进攻。在此生死存亡之际,首相丘吉尔领导下的英国政府通过调整军队部署、租借美国战舰、发展军事科技、完善防空体系、加强海空军建设等准备措施筑起了保卫不列颠的钢铁长城,并取得了大西洋海战、不列颠空战的胜利,同时也为盟国提供大量军事援助,为赢得世界反法西斯战争胜利做出了突出贡献。其合理的指挥部署、灵活的军事外交手段以及先进的军工科研理念都是非常值得我们学习借鉴的成功经验。%Since the year's defeat of France in June 1940 to June 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union in the German re-sistance to the British in a separate attack.On this occasion of life and death,the British government under the leadership of Prime Minister Winston Churchill by adjusting military deployment,US warships lease,the development of military technology, improve the air defense system,strengthen the construction of Navy and Air Force to prepare measures to defend the British e-rected a steel wall,and made the Atlantic naval battle,the Battle of Britain victory,while also providing a large number of mil-itary aid to allies,to win the World Anti -Fascist War has made outstanding contributions.Reasonable command of deploy-ment,flexibility and advanced military and diplomatic means to military research ideas are very worthwhile to learn from our successes.

  2. Prioritising Emergency Bridgeworks Assessment under Military Consideration using an Enhanced Fuzzy Weighted Average Approach

    Kuo-Chen Hung


    Full Text Available Prioritising emergency bridgeworks assessment has been a key to winning battles in combat circumstances because of soldier safety, attack or defence tactics, and logistic supply ability. However, an imprecise or vague satisfaction level of importance of criteria may also affect the prioritising evaluation of bridgeworks under military consideration. In this paper, the fuzzy set theory is employed to treat this aspect. With linguistic variables, fuzzy numbers and an enhanced fuzzy weighted average approach will be used. The proposed approach is used to investigate an example to illustrate its applications in emergency bridgeworks assessment. The approach is shown to be useful and effective. In order to make computing and ranking results easier and to increase recruiting productivity, a computer-based decision support system has been developed, which may help the commander make decisions more efficiently.Defence Science Journal, 2010, 60(4, pp.451-461, DOI:

  3. Border Battle.

    Berlin, Joey


    The Texas Medical Association, the Texas Alliance for Patient Access, and other organizations ask for reversal of a court ruling that allows a Texas negligence case to proceed in New Mexico. The case is sounding alarms all over Texas' medical community, conjuring fears that if the Supreme Court upholds the application of New Mexico law, it could have a significant impact on Texas doctors who operate near the state's vast borders and treat out-of-state patients. PMID:26536518

  4. Battle Hacks.

    Berlin, Joey


    Federal, state, and private-product options exist to help practices stay in compliance with HIPAA privacy and security regulations while keeping patient information secure. The Texas Medical Association offers one such product, the Online HIPAA Security Manager, at a discounted rate for members. PMID:26457842

  5. Battling Obesity

    Kennedy, Mike


    At the Gates Chili High School near Rochester, New York, the cafeteria and kitchen are getting an overdue overhaul. Deep fryers and the fat-soaked foods that come dripping out of them are no longer welcome in the kitchens and dining halls of a growing number of the nation's schools and universities. Likewise, heavily marketed sugary soft drinks…

  6. Addressing Needs of Military Families during Deployment: Military Service Providers' Perceptions of Integrating Support Services

    Hayden, Seth Christian Walter


    Service providers are increasingly recognizing the need to develop effective methods for delivering supporting services to military families during deployment. Research suggests that military families experience increased levels of stress during the cycle of deployment. Bronfenbrenner (1979) conceptualized the family operating within the context…

  7. 77 FR 5836 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Kingman Museum, Inc., Battle Creek, MI


    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Kingman Museum, Inc., Battle Creek, MI AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Kingman Museum, Inc., in... with the cultural item may contact the Kingman Museum, Inc. DATES: Representatives of any Indian...

  8. 76 FR 75901 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Kingman Museum, Inc., Battle Creek, MI


    ... National Park Service Notice of Intent To Repatriate a Cultural Item: Kingman Museum, Inc., Battle Creek, MI AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Kingman Museum, Inc., in... cultural item may contact the Kingman Museum, Inc. DATES: Representatives of any Indian tribe that...

  9. GIS interoperability: current activities and military implications

    Lam, Sylvia


    Geographic information systems (GIS) are gaining importance in military operations because of their capability to spatially and visually integrate various kinds of information. In an era of limited resources, geospatial data must be shared efficiently whenever possible. The military-initiated Global Geospatial Information and Services (GGI&S) Project aims at developing the infrastructure for GIS interoperability for the military. Current activities in standardization and new technology have strong implications on the design and development of GGI&S. To facilitate data interoperability at both the national and international levels, standards and specifications in geospatial data sharing are being studied, developed and promoted. Of particular interest to the military community are the activities related to the NATO DIGEST, ISO TC/211 Geomatics standardization and the industry-led Open Geodata Interoperability Specifications (OGIS). Together with new information technology, standardization provides the infrastructure for interoperable GIS for both civilian and military environments. The first part of this paper describes the major activities in standardization. The second part presents the technologies developed at DREV in support of the GGI&S. These include the Open Geospatial Datastore Interface (OGDI) and the geospatial data warehouse. DREV has been working closely with Defence Geomatics and private industry in the research and development of new technology for the GGI&S project.

  10. Ingredients of military genius. Student essay

    Blair, J.M.


    This article deals with military genius from an historical and a classical theory perspective. The author modifies an approach developed by Carl von Clausewitz that makes use of theory as a framework for the study of history. Clausewitz used theory to study campaigns of Napoleon. This article uses Clausewitz's theory of military genius to study some of the great captains of the American Civil War and World War II. Using seven qualities of military genius that Clausewitz lists in his ON WAR, a study was made to ascertain commonalities of behavior displayed by great battlefield generals. Historical examples are given which reflect the qualities of military genius. The basic hypothesis of the article is that successful generals command their armies with their total being and not just one predominate aspect of their person. The underlying theme is that body, emotions, mind, and spirit must work in a relatively balanced manner which results in military genius being displayed. Historical example urges each senior officer to continually train and discipline his being in preparation for his possible future destiny.

  11. The application of CRM to military operations

    Cavanagh, Dale E.; Williams, Kenneth R.


    The detailed content of the CRM training component of the C-5 Aircrew Training System (ATS) was left to the discretion of the contractor. As a part of determining what the content should be, United Airlines Services Corporation has made an effort to understand how the needs of MAC crews compare with those of civilian airline crews. There are distinct similarities between the crew roles in the cockpits of civilian airliners and military air transports. Many of the attitudes and behaviors exhibited by civil and military crew members are comparable, hence much of the training in the field referred to as Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is equally appropriate to civil or military aircrews. At the same time, there are significant differences which require assessment to determine if modifications to what might be termed generic CRM are necessary. The investigation enabled the definition and specification of CRM training which is believed to address the needs of the C-5 operational community. The study has concentrated largely on military airlift, but the training objectives and course content of the CRM training are readily adaptable to a wider range of military cockpits than are found in strategic airlift. For instance, CRM training focusing on communication, leadership, situational awareness, and crew coordination is just as appropriate, with some modification, to the pilots manning a flight to Tactical Airlift Command A-7's as it is to the pilots, flight engineers, and loadmasters crewing a C-5.

  12. Military Interrogations: Best Practices and Beliefs

    Matthew D. Semel


    Full Text Available This study was designed to address some of the gaps in knowledge about interrogations conducted by military interrogators and provide information about methods from their perspectives, based on their experiences.  Kassin et al.  (2007 conducted the first self-report survey of best interrogation practices and beliefs of law enforcement officers. This study followed that model, using a different population from which to obtain the sample: military interrogators.  Like Kassin’s study, this survey asked participants to address and self-report on a number of issues, some in common with law enforcement and others that apply specifically to military interrogations.  Participants were asked to estimate, rate and self-report on seven facets of their work. (Like the law enforcement study, the goal here was to obtain common practices, observations, and beliefs about interrogations directly from military interrogators.  Subsequent research can test the interrogation methods that the subjects of this study believe are the most effective and focus on practices and beliefs unique to the military context.  This study empirically supports, for the first time, the hypothesis that experienced interrogators favor rapport-building approaches over all other available techniques.

  13. [Analysis of work in ambulatory military medicine].

    Bilić, Ivica


    This paper describes the work of a military physician in an army healthcare institution and the scope and aim of activity of medical corps. The analysis includes data collected over one year and shows that officers and non-commissioned officers are more frequent users of medical services than conscripts. The consumption of medical products is high in both populations. The military physician has to face a number of organisational difficulties in everyday practice which diminish the quality of health services. Resolving these difficulties is a priority, especially in view of high healthcare and organisational standards set by NATO, which are eventually to be adopted and maintained by the Croatian medical corps in the process of joining. One of the tasks with that aim is to provide a continued medical training for military healthcare personnel. PMID:14994648

  14. Technology in military strategy: a realistic assessment

    Sanders, R.


    Today the Military Reform Movement strongly criticizes the United States military for being mesmerized by technology to the detriment of other, including human, factors. Only in this century have writers given great attention to war technologies. In contrast to strategic thinkers like Sun-Tsu, Machiavelli, Clausewitz, Moltke, and Mahan, post-World War I theorists like fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Mitchell made technology a key to their strategic concepts. Nuclear war theorists like Brodie, Kahn, and Wohlstetter made technology a centrality, while limited war theorists like Osgood and Kissinger gave it considerable, but less, stress. The reformers place more weight on teh art of using military forces than on weapons, emphasizing mobility and historical lessons, rather than technology. Nuclear war theories rely too heavily on technological dimensions to expect a shift. Somewhat more attention could profitably be paid to nontechnological aspects of conventional war, but any violent pendulum swing should be avoided.

  15. [Haemovigilance and blood safety in overseas military].

    Sailliol, A; Plang, S; Martinaud, C; Pouget, T; Vedy, S; Clavier, B; Cellarier, V; Roche, C; Civadier, C; Ausset, S


    The French military blood institute (FMBI) is the only military blood supplier in France. FMBI operates independently and autonomously under the Ministry of Defense's supervision, and accordingly, to the French, European and NATO technical and safety guidelines. FMBI is in charge of the collection, preparation and distribution of blood products to supply transfusion support to armed forces, especially during overseas operations. In overseas military, a primary physician is responsible for haemovigilance in permanent relation with an expert in the FMBI to manage any adverse reaction. Additionally, traceability of delivered or collected blood products during overseas operation represents a priority, allowing an appropriate management of transfusion inquiries and assessment of practices aiming to improve and update procedures and training. Transfusion safety in overseas operation is based on regular and specific training of people concerned by blood supply chain in exceptional situation. PMID:25284434

  16. Crude stocks OK but local refiners battle to maintain Australia's self-sufficiency in petroleum products

    Australia in 1998 is about 80 per cent self-sufficient in liquid petroleum, which includes crude oil, condensate and naturally occurring LPG. Proven and probable oil and condensate reserves in the country's known fields are estimated to be 6.3 billion barrels, which at current production levels would last another 35 years. The country's natural gas reserves are much more abundant, with estimated proven and probable reserves of 120 trillion cubic feet (3.4 trillion m3) or 110 years of production. Continued supply of petroleum products from indigenous sources, however, is more problematic as local refiners battle economies of scale and a rising tide of imported products finding their way into the market

  17. Anomalous finite-size effects in the Battle of the Sexes

    Cremer, Jonas; Frey, Erwin


    The Battle of the Sexes describes asymmetric conflicts in mating behavior of males and females. Males can be philanderer or faithful, while females are either fast or coy, leading to a cyclic dynamics. The adjusted replicator equation predicts stable coexistence of all four strategies. In this situation, we consider the effects of fluctuations stemming from a finite population size. We show that they unavoidably lead to extinction of two strategies in the population. However, the typical time until extinction occurs strongly prolongs with increasing system size. In the meantime, a quasi-stationary probability distribution forms that is anomalously flat in the vicinity of the coexistence state. This behavior originates in a vanishing linear deterministic drift near the fixed point. We provide numerical data as well as an analytical approach to the mean extinction time and the quasi-stationary probability distribution.

  18. The Finmeccania experience in military conversion

    Experience of the Italian aerospace, defense, energy, transportation and automation group Finmeccanica in military conversion is presented. The defence activities represent about 30% of the total turnover. The group involves 100 laboratories, 7000 fully dedicated employees and several centers of excellence. Since defense market is declining, production volumes are smaller, there is a decline in research and development public expenditures and there are less programs. The industry's challenge is how to survive since conversion in principle is not viable and diversification does not defend the high technology content. Some examples are described which show the possibility of convergence from military to commercial requirements

  19. Prevalence of Unclaimed Prescriptions at Military Pharmacies.

    Dominick Esposito; Eric Schone; Thomas Williams; Su Liu; Karen CyBulski; Rita Stapulonis; Nancy Clusen


    Prescriptions ordered by physicians but not picked up by patients offer an opportunity for quality improvement in health systems. In the military system, prescriptions filled at military pharmacies are dispensed with no co-payment, providing an opportunity to examine factors other than out-of-pocket cost that contribute to unclaimed prescriptions. The authors noted an 8 percent self-reported rate for not picking up a prescription—with previous research noting rates of between 0.45 and 22 pe...

  20. Prevalence of Unclaimed Prescriptions at Military Pharmacies

    Dominick Esposito Eric Schone Thomas V Williams Albert Yung-Hsu Liu Karen CyBulski Rita Stapulonis Nancy A Clusen


    Prescriptions ordered by physicians but not picked up by patients offer an opportunity for quality improvement in health systems. In the military system, prescriptions filled at military pharmacies are dispensed with no co-payment, providing an opportunity to examine factors other than out-of-pocket cost that contribute to unclaimed prescriptions. The authors noted an 8 percent self-reported rate for not picking up a prescription—with previous research noting rates of between 0.45 and 22 pe...

  1. Growth of Military Operational Research in India .

    N.K. Jaiswal


    Full Text Available Operational Research has contributed substantially to decisions on cost-effective induction of weapon systems, evaluation of tactical plans, development of computerised war games for training, realistic formulation of General Staff Qualitative Requirements, performance and reliability evaluation of military hardware under design and development, force structure, planning and other tactical and strategic issues in Indian defence. This paper reviews the work in Military OR initiated by Professor DS Kothari, the first Scientific Adviser to the Ministry of Defence, and brings out the role it can play in defence decision making.


    Jari Eloranta


    Full Text Available This article explores the complicated phenomenon of military spending among a sample of eight Western democracies in the interwar period by analyzing especially the possibility of economic and/or military competition between the Western Great Powers and the ensuing impacts on the smaller states included here. The hegemonic paradigm suggested by e.g. Paul Kennedy predicts that the economic leader in a system will increasingly invest on maintaining security; thus eventually bringing economic growth to a halt. The military spending patterns respective of economic growth at first seem to suggest that not only the totalitarian states, as is the traditional view, but also the UK and France stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of American leadership. However, the military expenditures of these nations were too low to warrant the conclusion that they had any impact on their respective economic performance. This result is also verified here by employing Granger non-causality tests between the military spending and economic growth variables. Moreover, regression analysis on the military spending variables for the UK and France points towards competition on the level. The smaller states, respectively, seemed to follow the UK and France fairly closely in their military spending decisions.

  3. Digital Terrain Model of the Second Military Survey – Part of the Military Training Area Brdy

    Martina Vichrová


    Full Text Available The Second Military Survey in the territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was performed between 1806 and 1869. The territory of Bohemia was surveyed from1842 to 1852 and Moravia and Silesia from 1836 to 1840. After detailed study of the Lehmann´s theory of displaying the topographic landforms using hachure’s, it was detected that the hachure’s in the maps of the Second Military Survey were created by means of the modified Lehmann´s scale. The representation of landforms in maps of the Second Military Survey was accomplished by spot heights represented mostly by points of geodetic control. The aim of this contribution is to propose and describe the methodology of creating the digital terrain model (DTM from the Second Military Survey hypsometry and to analyse its accuracy. A part of the map sheet (W_II_11 of the Second Military Survey, representing the long-standing military training area Brdy, was chosen as a model area. The resulting DTM was compared with the recent reference digital ground model – DMR ZABAGED®. The conformity of terrain relief forms and elevation accuracy of the DTM derived from the Second Military Survey hypsometry were also investigated.

  4. 75 FR 3448 - Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission


    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Military Leadership Diversity Commission AGENCY... the Military Leadership Diversity Commission (hereafter referred to as the Commission) on January 15... Freeman, Deputy Committee Management Officer for the Department of Defense, 703-601-6128....

  5. Perceived demands during modern military operations

    Boermans, S.M.; Kamphuis, W.; Delahaij, R.; Korteling, J.E.; Euwema, M.


    Using a cross-sectional design, this study explored operational demands during the International Security Assistance Force for Afghanistan (2009-2010) across distinct military units. A total of 1,413 Dutch soldiers, nested within four types of units (i.e., combat, combat support, service support, an

  6. 75 FR 67897 - Military Family Month, 2010


    ... Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-fifth. (Presidential Sig.) [FR Doc... ever more of military families, they have a right to expect more of us--it is our national challenge and moral obligation to uphold that promise. If we hold ourselves to the same high standard...

  7. Military Munitions Waste Working Group report

    This report presents the findings of the Military Munitions Waste Working Group in its effort to achieve the goals directed under the Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-Site Innovative Technologies (DOIT Committee) for environmental restoration and waste management. The Military Munitions Waste Working Group identified the following seven areas of concern associated with the ordnance (energetics) waste stream: unexploded ordnance; stockpiled; disposed -- at known locations, i.e., disposal pits; discharged -- impact areas, unknown disposal sites; contaminated media; chemical sureties/weapons; biological weapons; munitions production; depleted uranium; and rocket motor and fuel disposal (open burn/open detonation). Because of time constraints, the Military Munitions Waste Working Group has focused on unexploded ordnance and contaminated media with the understanding that remaining waste streams will be considered as time permits. Contents of this report are as follows: executive summary; introduction; Military Munitions Waste Working Group charter; description of priority waste stream problems; shortcomings of existing approaches, processes and technologies; innovative approaches, processes and technologies, work force planning, training, and education issues relative to technology development and cleanup; criteria used to identify and screen potential demonstration projects; list of potential candidate demonstration projects for the DOIT committee decision/recommendation and appendices

  8. Lower limb stress fractures in military training.

    Wood, A M; Porter, A


    This article describes stress fractures that are seen in military training, and reviews the relevant literature. The information is vital for medical personnel who work with the United Kingdom (UK) Armed Forces, particularly those working in training establishments. The author suggests areas for further research and discusses some of the issues in current UK Armed Forces training. PMID:26867421

  9. Residence Time and Military Workplace Literacies

    Doe, Sue; Doe, William W., III


    Despite widespread interest in the reintegration of Post-9/11 military veterans into civilian life, the literacies of Post-9/11 veterans, both academic and professional, remain largely untheorized. This paper addresses this dearth of information by examining the induction processes and resulting workplace literacies of soldiers, airmen/women,…

  10. Deaths from Adenovirus in the US Military


    Dr. Joel Gaydos, science advisor for the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, and Dr. Robert Potter, a research associate for the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, discuss deaths from adenovirus in the US military.  Created: 3/26/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 3/29/2012.