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Sample records for basilic vein transposition

  1. Transposição da Veia Basílica: um contributo para a melhoria da técnica cirúrgica / Basilic Vein Transposition: improvement of the surgical technique

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Norton de, Matos; Clara, Nogueira; José, Queirós; Fernanda, Silva; Sofia, Rocha; Pedro, Azevedo; Rui, Machado; Mergulhão, Mendonça.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O aumento crescente da população em hemodiálise tem implicado o recurso a acessos vasculares de maior complexidade técnica. A introdução de modificações na técnica cirúrgica da transposição da veia basílica (TVB) pretende agilizar o procedimento e diminuir a sua morbilidade. Métodos: Aná [...] lise prospectiva das TVB efectuadas no CHP-HSA entre Setembro de 2005 e Setembro de 2009. Resultados: Efectuaram-se 74 TVB em 74 doentes, os quais tinham, em média, 2 acessos autólogos prévios. A TVB foi o primeiro acesso em 20,3% dos doentes. O intervalo médio de seguimento foi de 14,5 meses. Ocorreram 2 falências nos primeiros 30 dias. A taxa de patência secundária aos 3, 12 e 24 meses foi de 95,7%, 85,1% e 62,2%, respectivamente. A Diabetes associou-se a pior taxa de patência (p=0,018). A taxa de complicações perioperatórias foi de 28,4%, sendo a infecção a mais frequente (n=6, 8,1% do total de TVB). A trombose foi a principal causa de falência, tendo ocorrido em 24,3% de todas as TVB. Conclusões: Reconhece-se a superioridade do acesso autólogo, como a melhor opção de acesso vascular para hemodiálise. A TVB é subutilizada, devido às exigências técnicas e necessidades logísticas. Melhoramos a técnica cirúrgica e de tunelização, ao reduzir o tamanho das incisões e o tempo cirúrgico. Os nossos resultados revelaram uma boa patência a longo prazo, pelo que consideramos que deve ser mais utilizada. Abstract in english Introduction: The expanding haemodialysis population has lead to increased requirement for more complex vascular accesses. Modifications introduced in basilic vein transposition technique are intended to streamline the procedure and reduce its morbidity. Methods: All patients who underwent BVT from [...] September 2005 to September 2009 in CHP-HSA were prospectively reviewed. Results: Seventy-four BVT were performed in 74 patients. Patients had a mean of 2.0 previous access attempts. BVT was the first access in 20.3% of the patients. Median follow-up was 14.5 months. There were two primary failures. Secondary patency rates were 95.7%, 85.1% and 62.2% at 3, 12 and 24 months, respectively. Diabetes was associated with poor patency. Perioperative complication rate was 28.4%, with infection being the most frequent (n=6, 8.1% of all TVB). Thrombosis was the main cause of failure, occurring in 24.3% of all TVB. Conclusion: Autologous access superiority is well established. BVT is an underused technique due to its surgical expertise needs and logistic demands. We improved the surgical technique and the tunneling technique, reducing the size of the incisions and the time of operation. Our results showed a good secondary patency rate and, in the authors view, this technique should be more widely used.

  2. Left renal vein transposition is effective for posterior nutcracker syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yuedong; Xing, Jinchun; Liu, Fei

    2014-01-01

    An 8-year-old girl was enrolled in hospital with intermittent gross hematuria in a period of 3 years. Bloody efflux from the left ureteral orifice was diagnosed in this patient with urethrocystoscopy. A retroaortic left renal vein appeared to be compressed by the aorta as detected by computerized tomography. The left renal vein was compressed between the aorta and the spine. A groove in the anterior surface of the left renal vein was detected. A transposition surgery of the left renal vein to a site in front of the aorta was performed for the patient. The patient was discharged after recovery and the hematuria symptom was not found during the 15-month follow-up investigation. PMID:25664135

  3. Venas Mediana Cefálica y Mediana Basílica: ¿Por qué su Exclusión de Terminologia Anatomica? / Median Cephalic and Median Basilic Veins: Why their Exclusion from Terminologia Anatomica?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariano, del Sol; Bélgica, Vásquez.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Numerosos artículos han descrito la distribución venosa superficial de la fosa cubital. Estas venas tienen importancia anatómica y clínica y son de interés para anatomistas, cirujanos y enfermeras. Las venas mediana cefálica y mediana basílica son productos de la división de la vena cefálica del ant [...] ebrazo y ambas drenan en las venas cefálica accesoria y basílica, respectivamente. Nomina Anatomica consideraba a las venas mediana basílica y mediana cefálica, lo que permitía hacer una descripción anatómica precisa, clara y entendible de ellas. Creemos necesario incluir nuevamente los términos de vena mediana basílica y vena mediana cefálica en Terminologia Anatomica, los que fueron excluidos por el Programa Federativo Internacional de Terminología Anatómica (FIPAT). Abstract in english Numerous articles have described the distribution of superficial veins in the cubital fossa. These veins have anatomic and clinical importance and are of interest to anatomists, surgeons and nurses. The median cephalic and median basilic veins are the product of the division of the cephalic vein of [...] the forearm. Both veins drain into the cephalic vein accessory and basilic vein, respectively. Nomina Anatomica considered the median cephalic vein and median basilic vein, which has allowed a precise, clear and understandable anatomical description. We need to include the terms median cephalic and median basilic veins in Terminologia Anatomica, terms excluded by the Federative International Program for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT).

  4. Balloon atrial septostomy through internal jugular vein in a 45-day-old child with transposition of great arteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Padhi Sumanta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Balloon atrial septostomy is a common palliative procedure in D-transposition of great arteries. It is technically easy before 2-3 weeks of age when the septum primum is thin. Femoral vein or umbilical vein, when available, is the common access used for this procedure. In situations when these accesses are not available or in case of inferior vena cava interruption, trans-hepatic access is used. Internal jugular vein (IJV access is not used as it is difficult to enter the left atrium through this route. We describe a case of successful Balloon atrial septostomy done through IJV in a 45-day-old child with emphasis on the technique, hardware and precautions necessary during the procedure.

  5. A New Formula to Estimate the Length of Right Upper Extremity Vein from Elbow Crease to Carina Calculated by Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Insertion through Right Basilic Vein Puncture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To measure the length of the upper extremity vein between the elbow crease and the carina (elbow crease to carina length, ECL), to facilitate the appropriate positioning of the tip of the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). A total of 124 patients (64 men and 60 women; mean age 65.2 ± 15.4 years; range, 21-90 years) inserted with PICC through the right basilic vein under fluoroscopy were included in this retrospective study. The ECL was determined as follows: ECL = (distance from elbow crease to puncture site) + (the catheter length of PICC) - (distance from carina to catheter tip on post-procedural chest radiograph). We analyzed the relationship between ECL and patient height. The mean ECL through right basilic vein was 42.07 ±4.03 cm (27.5 to 52.2 cm). ECL was found to be significantly correlated with patient height: ECL (cm) = 0.24 X patient height (cm) + 3.75. The formula developed in our study would be helpful for predicting the optimal catheter length during a blind bedside procedure of PICC via the right basilic vein.

  6. A New Formula to Estimate the Length of Right Upper Extremity Vein from Elbow Crease to Carina Calculated by Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter Insertion through Right Basilic Vein Puncture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Hyun Hwan; Jeon, Eui Yong; Lee, Hyun Jung; Lee, Hyun; Koh, Sung Hye; Choi, Sun Young; Lee, Kwan Seop [Dept. of Radiology, Hallym University Scared Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Dae Young [Dept. of Radiology, Kangdong Scared Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Im, Hyoung June [Dept. of Occupational Medicine, Hallym University Scared Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    To measure the length of the upper extremity vein between the elbow crease and the carina (elbow crease to carina length, ECL), to facilitate the appropriate positioning of the tip of the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). A total of 124 patients (64 men and 60 women; mean age 65.2 {+-} 15.4 years; range, 21-90 years) inserted with PICC through the right basilic vein under fluoroscopy were included in this retrospective study. The ECL was determined as follows: ECL = (distance from elbow crease to puncture site) + (the catheter length of PICC) - (distance from carina to catheter tip on post-procedural chest radiograph). We analyzed the relationship between ECL and patient height. The mean ECL through right basilic vein was 42.07 {+-}4.03 cm (27.5 to 52.2 cm). ECL was found to be significantly correlated with patient height: ECL (cm) = 0.24 X patient height (cm) + 3.75. The formula developed in our study would be helpful for predicting the optimal catheter length during a blind bedside procedure of PICC via the right basilic vein.

  7. Use of meso-Rex shunt with transposition of the coronary vein for the management of extrahepatic portal vein obstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Yong-pil; Ha, Tae-yong; Ko, Gi-young; Kim, Kyung-mo; Lee, Sung-gyu

    2014-01-01

    The meso-Rex shunt is used to safely and effectively treat patients with portal hypertension due to extrahepatic portal vein obstruction. In the standard meso-Rex shunt technique, the patient's own internal jugular vein is used as a vascular autograft. Inevitably, such a procedure requires neck exploration and sacrifice of the internal jugular vein. Here, we present a case of a 20-year-old man with idiopathic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction, who was treated with a new technique of transp...

  8. Método trigonométrico para o acesso à veia basílica no terço distal do braço / Trigonometric method to the anatomo-surgical approach of the basilic vein in the arm distal third

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alexandre Augusto Pinto, Cardoso; Ricardo Luiz, Smith; José Carlos, Prates; Serafim Vincenzo, Cricenti.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar parâmetros anátomo-cirúrgicos para o acesso rápido, seguro e preciso da veia basílica no terço distal do braço e avaliar os aspectos anatômicos relacionados à presença, número e sintopia neural na região. MÉTODO: Foram utilizados 30 membros superiores de cadáveres adultos, brasi [...] leiros, do sexo masculino (27 a 58 anos), fixados em solução de formalina a 10%. Foi criado um método trigonométrico utilizando-se parâmetros anatômicos, determinando-se um triângulo cujo ápice foi o ponto de referência para a localização da veia basílica no terço distal do braço. A região foi dissecada e a veia exposta. O método foi também utilizado na dissecação venosa de 15 pacientes. RESULTADOS: A veia basílica foi encontrada na face medial do terço distal do braço de todos os cadáveres, localizando-se no ápice do trígono em 70% dos casos e em situação medial em relação ao mesmo em 30%. Em 83,33% havia ramos dos nervos cutâneos mediais do braço e antebraço junto à adventícia da veia basílica. Foram encontrados dois ramos dos nervos cutâneos mediais do braço e antebraço relacionados a cada veia basílica em 90% dos membros superiores e apenas um ramo no restante. Em 30% dos casos existiam ramos posteriores à veia basílica, o que deve ser considerado ao se realizar a dissecação da mesma. CONCLUSÕES: O método proposto para a localização da veia basílica mostrou-se eficaz, rápido, seguro e preciso, indicando ser uma boa opção de acesso venoso no paciente em estado crítico que necessite de tal procedimento. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: To determine anatomo-surgical parameters to fast, safe and precise approach to the basilic vein in the arm distal third and to assess anatomic features related to the presence, and nerve sintopy in the region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was made in 15 human corpses, from male adults [...] aged 27 up to 58 years old, summing up 30 upper limbs, fixed in 10% formalin. It was created a trigonometric method using anatomic parameters to determine a triangle which apex was the reference point to locate the basilic vein in the arm distal third. The region was dissected, the vein exposed, its diameter assessed with a caliper. The method was utilized to perform the basilic vein dissection in 15 patients that required the venous approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The basilic vein was found in the medial surface of arm distal third in all studied cadavers. The vein was located on the triagle apex in 70% of the cases (87% of the right and 53% of the left upper limbs). In 30% of the specimens the vein was placed medially to the triangle apex, the distance did not exceeded 5mm. In 83,33% of the specimens there were branches of the medial cutaneous nerves of arm and forearm against the vein adventitia. It was found two branches of the medial cutaneous nerves of arm and forearm related to each basilic vein in the majority of the upper limbs (90% - 27 limbs) and only one branch in the remaining (10 % - 3 limbs). In 30% of the cases there were branches located behind the basilic vein, this fact must be considered when the basilic vein dissection is made. The proposed method to the basilic vein location showed to be fast, safe and precise, indicating that the method is a good option to the vascular approach in patients in critical conditions that demand this procedure.

  9. Ipsilateral jugular to distal subclavian vein transposition to relieve central venous hypertension in rescue vascular access surgery: a surgical report of 3 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acri, Ignazioe; Carmignani, Amedeo; Vazzana, Giovanni; Massara, Mafalda; Acri, Edvige; Lentini, Salvatore; Spinelli, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    Central venous thrombosis may often arise following central venous cannulation for temporary haemodialysis access. Venous thrombosis may be clinically asymptomatic due to the presence of collateral circulation. However, if an arteriovenous (AV) fistula is prepared below the obstructed venous segment, then symptoms may occur. Central venous hypertension interferes with dialysis, compromises limb function and threatens its safety. Percutaneous treatment is mostly used. However, in some cases endovascular treatment may not be as easy and long term patency uncertain.We report our experience on 3 patients on chronic hemodialysis treatment presenting with a patent AV fistula and ipsilateral subclavian vein chronic fibrotic obstruction. They were treated by ipsilateral internal jugular to distal subclavian vein transposition. Two separate surgical incisions were performed to expose the subclavian vein distally to the occlusion and the jugular vein that was distally ligated and transposed. There was no mortality nor significant postoperative complications. Resolution of hypertensive symptoms was achieved within 3-4 weeks in all patients. The AV fistula was used for dialysis treatment starting from the first postoperative day. At follow-up (mean 13 months), there was no recurrence of upper limb venous hypertension.In patients with subclavian occlusion and ipsilateral low flow, patent AV fistula, jugular to distal subclavian vein transposition may prove useful in cases when percutaneous angioplasty is technically not feasible or long term patency is not expected. PMID:22673549

  10. Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve: Anatomical Relationship with the Medial Epicondyle, Basilic Vein and Brachial Artery / Nervio Cutáneo Antebraquial Medial: Relación Anatómica con el Epicóndilo Medial, Vena Basílica y Arteria Braquial

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aomjai, Damwan; Sithiporn, Agthong; Chavarin, Amarase; Pattarapol, Yotnuengnit; Thanasil, Huanmanop; Vilai, Chentanez.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El recorrido del nervio cutáneo antebraquial medial (NCAM) proporciona la inervación sensorial medial del antebrazo. Su anatomía se ha descrito en parte, porque los datos relativos a su patrón de ramificación y distancias a puntos de referencia adyacentes son insuficientes. El propósito de este estu [...] dio fue proporcionar datos morfométricos sobre la anatomía del NCAM, comparando entre lados y sexos. Se disecaron 96 miembros superiores de 26 hombres y 22 mujeres. Se encontró que 5 ramos del NCAM traspasaron la fascia profunda y llegaron 4 hasta la línea interepicondilar (LIE). Presencia de 2 y 3 ramos se encontró en la mayoría de los casos (>80%). Las distancias de estos ramos a los puntos anatómicos variaron considerablemente. En caso de ausencia de ramos, la distancia medial al epicóndilo medial (EM) y arteria braquial (AB) fueron de aproximadamente 1,5 cm, mientras que a la vena basílica (VB) fueron 0,7 cm en ambos sexos. Independientemente del patrón de ramificación, el NCAM podría pasar sobre o cerca (a menos de 0,5 cm ) del EM, VB y AB. Asimetría en el patrón de ramificación se encontró en 50% de las muestras. Diferencias en algunos de los parámetros de medición se observaron según sexo, pero no por lado. Estos datos son relevantes para localizar el NCAM durante el bloqueo del nervio y la toma de injertos, sino también para evitar la lesión del nervio durante los procedimientos quirúrgicos. Abstract in english Medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve (MACN) courses in the medial arm to provide sensory innervation to the medial forearm. Its anatomy has been partly described since data regarding its branching pattern and distances to adjacent landmarks are still lacking. The purpose of this study was to provide [...] morphometric anatomy of the MACN with comparisons between sides and sexes. Ninety-six upper extremities from 26 males and 22 females were dissected. We found that up to 5 branches of MACN pierced the deep fascia with the maximum of 4 reaching the interepicondylar line (IEL). Presence of 2 and 3 branches was found in the majority of cases (> 80%). The distances from these branches to the landmarks varied considerably. In case of no branch, the mean distances to the medial epicondyle (ME) and brachial artery (BA) were approximately 1.5 cm while those to the basilic vein (BV) were 0.7 cm in both sexes. Regardless of the branching pattern, the MACN could pass over or close (within 0.5 cm) to the ME, BV and BA. Asymmetry in the branching pattern was found in 50% of specimens. Sex but not side differences were observed in some measurement parameters. These data are crucial for not only localizing the MACN during nerve block and graft harvest but also avoiding the nerve injury during surgical procedures.

  11. Nutcracker Syndrome Complicated by Left Renal Vein Thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Faouzi Mallat; Wissem Hmida; Mehdi Jaidane; Nadia Mama; Faouzi Mosbah

    2013-01-01

    Isolated renal vein thrombosis is a rare entity. We present a patient whose complaint of flank pain led to the diagnosis of a renal vein thrombosis. In this case, abdominal computed tomography angiography was helpful in diagnosing the nutcracker syndrome complicated by the renal vein thrombosis. Anticoagulation was started and three weeks later, CTA showed complete disappearance of the renal vein thrombosis. To treat the Nutcracker syndrome, we proposed left renal vein transposition that the ...

  12. Nutcracker syndrome complicated by left renal vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallat, Faouzi; Hmida, Wissem; Jaidane, Mehdi; Mama, Nadia; Mosbah, Faouzi

    2013-01-01

    Isolated renal vein thrombosis is a rare entity. We present a patient whose complaint of flank pain led to the diagnosis of a renal vein thrombosis. In this case, abdominal computed tomography angiography was helpful in diagnosing the nutcracker syndrome complicated by the renal vein thrombosis. Anticoagulation was started and three weeks later, CTA showed complete disappearance of the renal vein thrombosis. To treat the Nutcracker syndrome, we proposed left renal vein transposition that the patient consented to. PMID:24349817

  13. Transposition of cephalic vein to rescue hemodialysis access arteriovenous fistula and treat symptomatic central venous obstruction / Transposição de veia cefálica para salvamento de fístula arteriovenosa de hemodiálise e tratamento de obstrução venosa central sintomática

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Felipe Jose, Skupien; Ricardo Zanetti, Gomes; Emerson Hideyoshi, Shimada; Rafael Inacio, Brandao; Suellen Vienscoski, Skupien.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Sabemos que estenose ou obstrução venosa central ocorre em 20 a 50% dos pacientes que são submetidos à colocação de cateter em veias centrais. Nos pacientes que realizam hemodiálise pelos membros superiores, este problema causa sintomas debilitantes e um grande risco de perda do acesso para hemodiál [...] ise. Relatamos um caso atípico de tratamento em um paciente dialítico com múltiplas comorbidades, queixa de dor e edema severo do membro superior direito (MSD), escassas alternativas de acessos vasculares para hemodiálise e fístula braquiobasílica funcionante do MSD associada à severa hipertensão venosa deste membro, secundária à oclusão venosa central da veia jugular interna e do tronco braquiocefálico direito. O tratamento cirúrgico alternativo foi a transposição da veia cefálica do MSD, formando colar venoso na região cervical anterior, resultando em um bypass sobre o sítio venoso ocluído. Para isso, realizamos a dissecção da veia cefálica no braço direito até a sua junção com a veia axilar, devalvulamos e anastomosamos a veia cefálica na veia jugular externa contralateral, permitindo a drenagem venosa do MSD, aliviando os sintomas da hipertensão venosa e mantendo a fístula braquiobasílica funcionante. Abstract in english It is known that stenosis or central venous obstruction affects 20 to 50% of patients who undergo placement of catheters in central veins. For patients who are given hemodialysis via upper limbs, this problem causes debilitating symptoms and increases the risk of loss of hemodialysis access. We repo [...] rt an atypical case of treatment of a dialysis patient with multiple comorbidities, severe swelling and pain in the right upper limb (RUL), few alternative sites for hemodialysis vascular access, a functioning brachiobasilic fistula in the RUL and severe venous hypertension in the same limb, secondary to central vein occlusion of the internal jugular vein and right brachiocephalic trunk. The alternative surgical treatment chosen was to transpose the RUL cephalic vein, forming a venous necklace at the anterior cervical region, bypassing the site of venous occlusion. In order to achieve this, we dissected the cephalic vein in the right arm to its junction with the axillary vein, devalved the cephalic vein and anastomosed it to the contralateral external jugular vein, providing venous drainage to the RUL, alleviating symptoms of venous hypertension and preserving function of the brachiobasilic fistula.

  14. Rice weevil response to basil oil fumigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basil oil, Ocimum basilicum L., is a volatile plant essential oil that is known to have insecticidal activity against stored product pests such as rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae (L.). Basil oil was diluted in acetone and applied to a sponge held inside a tea strainer for fumigations in containers wi...

  15. Congenitally corrected transposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debich-Spicer Diane

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Congenitally corrected transposition is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by the combination of discordant atrioventricular and ventriculo-arterial connections, usually accompanied by other cardiovascular malformations. Incidence has been reported to be around 1/33,000 live births, accounting for approximately 0.05% of congenital heart malformations. Associated malformations may include interventricular communications, obstructions of the outlet from the morphologically left ventricle, and anomalies of the tricuspid valve. The clinical picture and age of onset depend on the associated malformations, with bradycardia, a single loud second heart sound and a heart murmur being the most common manifestations. In the rare cases where there are no associated malformations, congenitally corrected transposition can lead to progressive atrioventricular valvar regurgitation and failure of the systemic ventricle. The diagnosis can also be made late in life when the patient presents with complete heart block or cardiac failure. The etiology of congenitally corrected transposition is currently unknown, and with an increase in incidence among families with previous cases of congenitally corrected transposition reported. Diagnosis can be made by fetal echocardiography, but is more commonly made postnatally with a combination of clinical signs and echocardiography. The anatomical delineation can be further assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and catheterization. The differential diagnosis is centred on the assessing if the patient is presenting with isolated malformations, or as part of a spectrum. Surgical management consists of repair of the associated malformations, or redirection of the systemic and pulmonary venous return associated with an arterial switch procedure, the so-called double switch approach. Prognosis is defined by the associated malformations, and on the timing and approach to palliative surgical care.

  16. Active transposition in zebrafish.

    OpenAIRE

    Lam, W. L.; Lee, T. S.; Gilbert, W.

    1996-01-01

    We have identified a new family of Tc1-like transposons in the zebrafish, Danio rerio. The sequence of a candidate active transposon, deduced from sample Tzf elements, shows limited resemblance to the previously described Tdr1 elements of zebrafish. Both the Tzf and the Tdr elements are extremely abundant in zebrafish. We describe here a general strategy for detecting transposition events in a complex genome and demonstrate its utility by selectively monitoring hundreds of potentially active ...

  17. Varicose Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that you can see just under the skin. They usually occur in ... of the body. Hemorrhoids are a type of varicose vein. Your veins have one-way valves that help ...

  18. Varicose veins

    OpenAIRE

    Tisi, Paul V

    2011-01-01

    Varicose veins are considered to be enlarged tortuous superficial veins of the leg. Varicose veins are caused by poorly functioning valves in the veins, and decreased elasticity of the vein wall, allowing pooling of blood within the veins, and their subsequent enlargement.Varicose veins affect up to 40% of adults and are more common in obese people, and in women who have had more than two pregnancies.

  19. Varicose veins

    OpenAIRE

    Tisi, Paul Vincent

    2007-01-01

    Varicose veins are considered to be enlarged tortuous superficial veins of the leg. Varicose veins are caused by poorly functioning valves in the veins, and decreased elasticity of the vein wall, allowing pooling of blood within the veins, and their subsequent enlargement.Varicose veins affect up to 40% of adults and are more common in obese people, and in women who have had more than two pregnancies.

  20. Sclerotherapy of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclerotherapy of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins What is Sclerotherapy of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins? What are some common uses of ... the limitations of Sclerotherapy? What is Sclerotherapy of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins? Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive ...

  1. Re-Reading and Rehabilitating Basil Bernstein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolander, Brook; Watts, Richard J.

    2009-01-01

    This article constitutes a re-reading of and an attempt to rehabilitate Basil Bernstein, both of which are important in light of the interpretation of Bernstein as a proponent of the verbal deficit view, and the general discrediting of his work on social class differences in the British educational system, as related to what he later called…

  2. Spider Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Options Learn more about treatment options for spider veins Laser/light therapy Sclerotherapy Spider veins are formed by the dilation of a small ... a variety of treatment options available, such as lasers or injections. ... severity of vein damage, experts can determine the best treatment option ...

  3. Vein Problems Related to Varicose Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... varicose veins include venous lakes, reticular veins, and hemorrhoids. Venous lakes are varicose veins that appear on ... flat blue veins often seen behind the knees. Hemorrhoids are varicose veins in and around the anus. ...

  4. Re-reading and rehabilitating Basil Bernstein

    OpenAIRE

    Bolander, Brook; Watts, Richard J

    2009-01-01

    This article constitutes a re-reading of and an attempt to rehabilitate Basil Bernstein, both of which are important in light of the interpretation of Bernstein as a proponent of the verbal deficit view, and the general discrediting of his work on social class differences in the British educational system, as related to what he later called ‘codes’, by scholars like Jensen (Social class and verbal learning, Holt, 1968) and Labov (The logic of non-standard English, Georgetown University Press,...

  5. What Causes Varicose Veins?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Causes Varicose Veins? Weak or damaged valves in the veins can ... space. These are varicose veins. Normal Vein and Varicose Vein Figure A shows a normal vein with a ...

  6. Corrected transposition of great arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    20 patients with the diagnosis of congenital corrected transposition of great arteries were analyzed. The diagnosis was based on routine clinical examination, echocardiography and in certain cases on heart catheterization and angiocardiography. In the most cases c-TGA coexists with additional heart defects. The commonest coexisting defects were: ventricular septal defect (60%), pulmonary stenosis (50%), atrio-ventricular valve regurgitation, predominantly systemic (tricuspid 45%). In the most cases 2D Doppler echo examination was sufficient for morphological assessment. In order to quality to cardiosurgical treatment heart catheterization and angiocardiography were necessary. 5 children were treated surgically. 3 of them underwent palliative procedures, one - Rastelli procedure and one had corrective surgery with bad result. Clinical picture of corrected transposition of great arteries is determined by coexisting additional heart defects. (author)

  7. Chicoric Acid Found in Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) Leaves

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is the first report to identify the presence of chicoric acid (cichoric acid; also known as dicaffeoyltartaric acid) in basil leaves. Rosmarinic acid, chicoric acid, and caftaric acid (in the order of most abundant to least; all derivatives of caffeic acid) were identified in fresh basil leaves...

  8. Chicoric Acid Levels in Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recently, we reported the presence of chicoric acid in basil leaves (confirmed by co-chromatography with purchased standard). Chicoric acid being the chief phenolic of the Echinacea purpurea plant which is popularly consumed as a dietary supplement. For this study, basil products commonly purchased ...

  9. Nutcracker syndrome due to left-sided inferior vena cava compression and treated with superior mesenteric artery transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bao-Zhong; Li, Zhen; Wang, Zhong-Gao

    2012-09-01

    Left renal vein hypertension secondary to left renal vein compression has been described as a cause of persistent hematuria in nutcracker syndrome. Malformation of the inferior vena cava (IVC), although rare and frequently asymptomatic, may also result in left renal vein hypertension, with resultant hematuria when it is severely compressed. We report a 20-year-old man with persistent hematuria due to compression of left-sided IVC. The patient was successfully treated by means of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) transposition and division of the fibrous bundle at the origin of the SMA. His postoperative course was uneventful. Compression of the left IVC is a unique form of nutcracker syndrome. SMA transposition, together with division of a fibrous bundle at the origin of the SMA if present, is a safe and effective surgical procedure for this special entity. PMID:22819752

  10. Syllable Transposition Effects in Korean Word Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang H.; Kwon, Youan; Kim, Kyungil; Rastle, Kathleen

    2015-01-01

    Research on the impact of letter transpositions in visual word recognition has yielded important clues about the nature of orthographic representations. This study investigated the impact of syllable transpositions on the recognition of Korean multisyllabic words. Results showed that rejection latencies in visual lexical decision for…

  11. Pattern of Ac Transposition in Maize

    OpenAIRE

    Schwartz, D.

    1989-01-01

    Analysis of four nearby transpositions of Ac from the waxy locus indicate that the element can reinsert to either side. The cause of the asymmetry observed for P-VV transpositions is discussed and a model is presented to account for the high frequency of close reinsertions of Ac.

  12. Varicose Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... changes are crucial to ensure as complete and durable a response to treatment as possible. Most insurance ... ablation (also called endovenous ablation) uses either radiofrequency energy or laser to close large veins with leaky ...

  13. Varicose vein - noninvasive treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sclerotherapy; Laser therapy - varicose veins; Radiofrequency vein ablation; Endovenous thermal ablation; Ambulatory phlebectomy; Transilluminated power phlebotomy; Endovenous laser ablation; Varicose vein therapy

  14. Chemical diversity in basil (Ocimum sp.) germplasm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Andréa Santos; Arrigoni-Blank, Maria de Fátima; de Carvalho Filho, José Luiz Sandes; de Santana, Aléa Dayane Dantas; Santos, Darlisson de Alexandria; Alves, Péricles Barreto; Blank, Arie Fitzgerald

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to chemically characterize 31 accessions and seven cultivars of basil. The percentage composition of the essential oils of the accessions and cultivars was based on the 14 most abundant constituents: 1,8-cineole, linalool, methyl chavicol, neral, nerol, geraniol, geranial, methyl cinnamate, ?-bourbonene, methyl eugenol, ?-trans-bergamotene, germacrene-D, epi-?-cadinol, and ?-cadinene. The genetic materials were classified into eight clusters according to the chemical composition of the essential oils: Cluster 1--mostly linalool and 1,8-cineole; Cluster 2--mostly linalool, geraniol, and ?-trans-bergamotene; Cluster 3--mostly linalool, methyl chavicol, methyl cinnamate, and ?-bourbonene; Cluster 4--mostly linalool, methyl chavicol, epi-?-cadinol, and ?-trans-bergamotene; Cluster 5--mainly linalool, methyl eugenol, ?-trans-bergamotene, and epi-?-cadinol; Cluster 6--mainly linalool, geraniol, and epi-?-cadinol; Cluster 7--mostly linalool and methyl chavicol; Cluster 8--mainly geranial and neral. PMID:25629084

  15. Transposition and transposition immunity of transposon Tn3 derivatives having different ends.

    OpenAIRE

    Arthur, A; Nimmo, E; Hettle, S; Sherratt, D

    1984-01-01

    Novel Tn1/3 derivatives that contained either two left- or two right-hand ends of the transposon were constructed in a small plasmid. Both transposed at reasonable frequencies to give normal transposition products, suggesting that only the 38-bp inverted repeats of Tn3 are essential for transposition. Plasmids containing transposon derivatives with only one end (either left or right) undergo transposase-dependent transposition between replicons at much lower frequencies, resulting in co-integ...

  16. Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, is a blood clot that forms in a vein deep in the body. Most ... vein swells, the condition is called thrombophlebitis. A deep vein thrombosis can break loose and cause a serious problem ...

  17. Transposition of teeth: A forensic perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Nambiar, Supriya; Mogra, Subraya; Shetty, Surendra

    2014-01-01

    Dental identification plays a key role in mass casualties and is usually based on disturbances of tooth eruption, malocclusions and/or previous dental treatments, changes brought about by age, pathological conditions and developmental disturbances. Tooth transposition is a disturbance of tooth eruption and is defined as change in the position of two adjacent teeth within the same quadrant. This review aims to discuss the prevalence and the etiology of transposition through a literature survey...

  18. [Transposition of the great arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uricchio, Nicola; Ghiselli, Simone; Marianeschi, Stefano Maria

    2015-02-01

    Dextro-transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum (d-TGA) is the most frequent cyanotic congenital heart disease in neonates. In newborns affected by d-TGA, the pulmonary and systemic circulations are in parallel instead of being in series. The survival of babies affected by d-TGA is related to the level of mixing at the patent foramen ovale. The diagnosis of d-TGA is an indication for treatment due to scarce survival beyond the neonatal period if not corrected. The current surgical approach is the anatomical correction with the arterial switch operation, which has excellent early and medium-term results. In this review, we discuss treatment of d-TGA and the arterial switch operation, the medium- and long-term results following surgery, and the reasons that have led the arterial switch operation to its popularity compared to the former physiological correction of d-TGA, i.e. the Senning and Mustard procedures. PMID:25805093

  19. Chemical composition of the essential oil of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    C?, Jelac?ic? Slavica; Beatovi? Damir V.; Prodanovi? Slaven A.; Tasi? Slavoljub R.; Z?, Moravc?evic? ?or?e; Vujoševi? Ana M.; Vu?kovi? Savo M.

    2011-01-01

    In Serbia basil has been grown traditionally as a decorative, medicinal, seasoning and ritual herb, and there is a variety of different populations of basil. Basil is considered to have been brought to Serbia in the 12th century by monks returning from their pilgrimages. Essential oils isolated from herb of ten basil populations traditionally grown on the territory of the Republic of Serbia have been analyzed. The selected populations have been designated under codes from T-1 to T-10 an...

  20. Utilization of Basil Extract as a Radioprotector in Male Rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Man is exposed to natural radiations from cosmic or terrestrial origins. Furthermore, it is well known that the gamma irradiation-induced biochemical alteration depends mostly on oxidative stress. Basil or sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is known to have numerous pharmacological activities. Therefore, the present study was carried out to investigate the radioprotective activity of basil in albino rats. The effect of basil aqueous extract (BAE) was evaluated on hepatic marker enzymes, sex hormones, lipid profile and antioxidant status. The results showed that - rays caused a significant increase in serum level of alanine and aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (ALT, AST, ALP and GT), cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C and VLDL-C) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). A significant decrease in high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in serum was observed, compared with control group. Moreover, - rays induced a significant drop in the serum sex hormones levels testosterone (T), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The BAE administered orally to rats has significantly modulated all the radiation-induced biochemical alterations. These findings showed that basil would exert a radioprotective properties.

  1. Laparoscopic inferior mesenteric-gonadal vein bypass for the treatment of nutcracker syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Danfeng; Gao, Yi; Chen, Jie; Wang, Junkai; Ye, Jianqing; Liu, Yushan

    2013-05-01

    Nutcracker syndrome is a rare entity caused by extrinsic compression on the left renal vein (LRV) crossing between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. This article reports the treatment of two cases of nutcracker syndrome using laparoscopic inferior mesenteric-gonadal vein bypass, knowing that this treatment option would avoid renal reperfusion injury and LRV hypertension. In addition, it is easier to operate compared with laparoscopic splenorenal venous bypass and laparoscopic transposition of LRV into the inferior vena cava. PMID:23351648

  2. Yield and Oil Composition of Thirty-Eight Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) Accessions Grown in Mississippi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) has been grown as an essential oil crop in many countries; however, the herbage yield, oil content, composition, and bioactivity of basil grown in Mississippi and other Southern U.S. states has not been explored. The hypothesis of this study was that certain basil ...

  3. Quality of four basil types after storage at 3 to 10 C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) has global culinary use as a fresh herb. Basil can also be dried and extracted for its essential oils and grows extremely well in the warm climate of Oklahoma. Several cultivars of sweet basil are known to be chill sensitive when stored below 7 C. In this study, fou...

  4. Upper limb vein anatomy before hemodialysis fistula creation: cross-sectional anatomy using MR venography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preoperative imaging is indicated to discriminate patent, adequate superficial veins of the upper limbs undetectable by clinical inspection that could be anastomosed for the creation of a durable and functional hemodialysis fistula. The aim of this pictorial review is to provide a venous anatomic map of the upper limbs using MR venography (MRV) which could help surgeons before creation of hemodialysis access fistulas (AVF). At the level of the forearm, the antebrachial cephalic vein is the most commonly identified as patent. At the level of the elbow and distal arm, the cephalic vein is patent in 80% of normal subjects, and less often patent (23-26%) than basilic vein (33-38%) in patients. Overall, reading transaxial MR views can help for assessing upper limb vein anatomy before creation of a hemodialysis access fistula. (orig.)

  5. What Are Varicose Veins?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How the Body Works Main Page What Are Varicose Veins? KidsHealth > Kids > Health Problems of Grown-Ups > Q & ... why veins look purple or blue. What Causes Varicose Veins? It's a lot of work to move all ...

  6. Retinal vein occlusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Central retinal vein occlusion; Branch retinal vein occlusion; CRVO; BRVO ... Retinal vein occlusion is most often caused by hardening of the arteries ( atherosclerosis ) and the formation of a blood clot. Blockage ...

  7. Breaking The Rectangular Transposition Encryption System

    Science.gov (United States)

    O\\'Bryant, Kevin

    This applet, created by Kevin O'Bryant of the University of California - San Diego, illustrates the code breaking process entitled "Rectangular Transposition Encryption System." This interactive resource is fun, but still educational. It would be a perfect teaching tool for any classroom interested in statistics.

  8. The transposition distance for phylogenetic trees

    CERN Document Server

    Rossello, Francesc

    2011-01-01

    The search for similarity and dissimilarity measures on phylogenetic trees has been motivated by the computation of consensus trees, the search by similarity in phylogenetic databases, and the assessment of clustering results in bioinformatics. The transposition distance for fully resolved phylogenetic trees is a recent addition to the extensive collection of available metrics for comparing phylogenetic trees. In this paper, we generalize the transposition distance from fully resolved to arbitrary phylogenetic trees, through a construction that involves an embedding of the set of phylogenetic trees with a fixed number of labeled leaves into a symmetric group and a generalization of Reidys-Stadler's involution metric for RNA contact structures. We also present simple linear-time algorithms for computing it.

  9. Axillary Artery Injury Caused by Fracture of Humerus Neck and Its Repair Using Basilic Vein Graft

    OpenAIRE

    Goyal, Vikas Deep; Sharma, Vipin; Kalia, Sandeep; Sehgal, Manik

    2014-01-01

    Proximal humerus fractures are rarely associated with axillary artery injury. We present a case of a 59-year-old female who had fracture neck humerus along with absent pulsations in the left upper limb after blunt trauma. Computed tomographic angiogram revealed complete occlusion of the left axillary artery. Urgent surgical intervention was done in the form of fixation of fracture followed by exploration and repair of axillary artery. Axillary artery was contused and totally occluded by fract...

  10. Coping with EU environmental legislation : transposition principles and practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anker, Helle Tegner; de Graaf, Kars

    2015-01-01

    A ‘burden reducing’ agenda has spurred an increased interest in how EU environmental legislation is transposed into national legislation—most prominently reflected in the principle of ‘no gold-plating’. Yet, an important question is to what extent transposition principles and practices may ensure a coherent and accessible body of environmental legislation, while at the same time ensuring adequate transposition of EU environmental legislation. This article analyses the existence, or emergence, of transposition principles and practices in three Member States—the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Denmark. It also examines how EU initiatives may influence these principles and practices. The article concludes that the steering of transposition processes by general transposition principles and objectives alone, and in particular those dominated by a ‘burden reducing’ agenda, has a limited focus on coherence and accessibility with respect to environmental legislation and that such issues deserve more attention in the transposition process.

  11. Target capture during Mos1 transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pflieger, Aude; Jaillet, Jerôme; Petit, Agnès; Augé-Gouillou, Corinne; Renault, Sylvaine

    2014-01-01

    DNA transposition contributes to genomic plasticity. Target capture is a key step in the transposition process, because it contributes to the selection of new insertion sites. Nothing or little is known about how eukaryotic mariner DNA transposons trigger this step. In the case of Mos1, biochemistry and crystallography have deciphered several inverted terminal repeat-transposase complexes that are intermediates during transposition. However, the target capture complex is still unknown. Here, we show that the preintegration complex (i.e., the excised transposon) is the only complex able to capture a target DNA. Mos1 transposase does not support target commitment, which has been proposed to explain Mos1 random genomic integrations within host genomes. We demonstrate that the TA dinucleotide used as the target is crucial both to target recognition and in the chemistry of the strand transfer reaction. Bent DNA molecules are better targets for the capture when the target DNA is nicked two nucleotides apart from the TA. They improve strand transfer when the target DNA contains a mismatch near the TA dinucleotide. PMID:24269942

  12. Survival of Salmonella on basil plants and in pesto.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckner, Karl F; Høgåsen, Helga R; Begum, Mumtaz; Økland, Marianne; Cudjoe, Kofitsyo S; Johannessen, Gro S

    2015-02-01

    Leafy greens, including fresh herbs, have repeatedly been involved in outbreaks of foodborne disease. Although much effort has been put into studying leafy greens and products such as head lettuce and baby leaves, less is known about fresh leafy herbs, such as basil. The goal of this study was to investigate the survival of Salmonella on basil plants and in pesto. A mix of three Salmonella strains (Reading, Newport, and Typhimurium) was inoculated onto basil leaves and pesto and survived during the experimental period. Whereas the mix of Salmonella survived in pesto stored at 4°C for 4 days, Salmonella was recovered from inoculated leaves for up to 18 days at 20 to 22°C. Although the steady decline of Salmonella on leaves and in pesto suggests a lack of growth, it appears that pesto is a hostile environment for Salmonella because the rate of decline in pesto was faster (0.29 log CFU/g/day) than on leaves (0.11 log CFU/g/day). These findings suggest that the dilution of contaminated ingredients and the bactericidal effect of the pesto environment helped to further reduce the level of enteric organisms during storage, which may have applications for food safety. PMID:25710158

  13. Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of holy basil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwat Wangcharoen

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available The antioxidant capacity of white and red holy basil leaves (Ocimum sanctum Linn., white and red varieties from fresh markets in Chiang Mai was estimated by three different methods; ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP assay, improved ABTS radical cation decolorization assay, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity; together with their total phenolic contents. Water and 95% ethanol ratios of extraction solvents were also studied, and it was found that 57 and 76% ethanol solvents were more suitable in this study. All three antioxidant capacity assays showed that red holy basil was higher in antioxidant capacity than white holy basil (p<0.05. ABTS values were higher than FRAP and DPPH values, respectively, because of their different mechanisms, but their significant correlation (p<0.01 expressed their similar trends. In addition, correlation between results of all antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content was found (p<0.01. ABTS values were highly correlated into the results of total phenolic content than were FRAP and DPPH values.

  14. Variations of the cubital superficial vein investigated by using the intravenous illuminator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyunsu; Lee, Sang-Hoon; Kim, Sung-Jin; Choi, Woo-Ik; Lee, Jae-Ho

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to report variations of the cubital superficial vein patterns in the Korean subjects, which was investigated by using venous illuminator, AccuVein. The 200 Korean subjects were randomly chosen from the patients and staff of the Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center in Daegu, Korea. After excluding the inappropriate cases for detecting venous pattern, we collected 174 cases of right upper limbs and 179 cases of left upper limbs. The superficial veins of the cubital fossa were detected and classified into four types according to the presence of the median cubital vein (MCV) or median antebrachial vein. The type II, presenting the both cephalic and basilic vein connected by the MCV, was most common (177 upper limbs, 50.1%). Although the most common type in male and female was different as type I (108 upper limbs, 49.3%) and type II (75 upper limbs, 56.0%), respectively, statistical significance was not detected (P=0.241). The frequency of the each types between right and left upper limbs was also not different (P=0.973). Among 154 subjects who were observed the venous pattern in the both upper limbs, 76 subjects (49.3%) had the same venous pattern. Using AccuVein to investigate the venous pattern has an advantage of lager scale examination compared to the cadaver study. Our results might be helpful for medical practitioner to be aware of the variation of the superficial cubital superficial vein. PMID:25806123

  15. Varicose Vein Treatment (Endovenous Ablation of Varicose Veins)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varicose Vein Treatment (Endovenous Ablation of Varicose Veins) What is Varicose Vein Treatment (Endovenous Ablation of Varicose Veins)? What are some common uses of the procedure? How should I prepare? ...

  16. Preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    What is deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which blood clots (or thrombi) form in deep veins in the legs or other ... to prevent PE. Who is at risk of DVT? DVT can occur in anyone, but some factors ...

  17. Corrected transposition of the great arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The corrected transposition of the great arteries is an usual congenital cardiac malformation, which consists of transposition of great arteries and ventricular inversion, and which is caused by abnormal development of conotruncus and ventricular looping. High frequency of associated cardiac malformations makes it difficult to get accurate morphologic diagnosis. A total of 18 cases of corrected transposition of the great arteries is presented, in which cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography were done at the Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital between September 1976 and June 1981. The clinical, radiographic, and operative findings with the emphasis on the angiocardiographic findings were analyzed. The results are as follows: 1. Among 18 cases, 13 cases have normal cardiac position, 2 cases have dextrocardia with situs solitus, 2 cases have dextrocardia with situs inversus and 1 case has levocardia with situs inversus. 2. Segmental sets are (S, L, L) in 15 cases, and (I, D,D) in 3 cases and there is no exception to loop rule. 3. Side by side interrelationships of both ventricles and both semilunar valves are noticed in 10 and 12 cases respectively. 4. Subaortic type conus is noted in all 18 cases. 5. Associated cardic malformations are VSD in 14 cases, PS in 11, PDA in 3, PFO in 3, ASD in 2, right aortic arch in 2, tricuspid insufficiency, mitral prolapse, persistent left SVC and persistent right SVC in 1 case respectively. 6. For accurateVC in 1 case respectively. 6. For accurate diagnosis of corrected TGA, selective biventriculography using biplane cineradiography is an essential procedure

  18. Basil oil fumigation increases radiation sensitivity in adult Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    The biological activity of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) oil was tested against the stored product pest rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae(L.). Adult weevils were exposed to seven different concentrations of basil oil ranging from 0.12 µl/ml-0.60 µl/ml in Petri dishes and mortality was assessed at 3,4 and...

  19. Nydiagnosticeret kongenit transposition hos en 76-årig kvinde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sloth, Astrid Drivsholm; Jensen, Jesper Khedri

    2009-01-01

    A case of congenitally corrected transposition presenting for the first time with second-degree AV block in a 76-year-old woman is presented. This case demonstrates that congenitally corrected transposition can remain asymptomatic and undiagnosed, especially when no other cardiac defects are present. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-26

  20. «??????? ???????????» ????? ??????? ???????"Free transposition" of The Life of Theodore Studite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara P. Lönngren

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the manuscript tradition named "free transposition" applied to The Life of Theodore Studite in Old Russian literature. Evidence is presented that the author of this "free transposition" was indeed Nil Sorskij. The investigation of eight recently discovered copies has made it possible to establish their mutual interdependence and to construct the corresponding stemma.

  1. The hyperbolic geometry of random transpositions

    OpenAIRE

    Berestycki, Nathanae?l

    2004-01-01

    Turn the set of permutations of $n$ objects into a graph $G_n$ by connecting two permutations that differ by one transposition, and let $\\sigma_t$ be the simple random walk on this graph. In a previous paper, Berestycki and Durrett [In Discrete Random Walks (2005) 17--26] showed that the limiting behavior of the distance from the identity at time $cn/2$ has a phase transition at $c=1$. Here we investigate some consequences of this result for the geometry of $G_n$. Our first ...

  2. Pig transgenesis by Sleeping Beauty DNA transposition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Jannik E.; Li, Juan

    2011-01-01

    Modelling of human disease in genetically engineered pigs provides unique possibilities in biomedical research and in studies of disease intervention. Establishment of methodologies that allow efficient gene insertion by non-viral gene carriers is an important step towards development of new disease models. In this report, we present transgenic pigs created by Sleeping Beauty DNA transposition in primary porcine fibroblasts in combination with somatic cell nuclear transfer by handmade cloning. Göttingen minipigs expressing green fluorescent protein are produced by transgenesis with DNA transposon vectors carrying the transgene driven by the human ubiquitin C promoter. These animals carry multiple copies (from 8 to 13) of the transgene and show systemic transgene expression. Transgene-expressing pigs carry both transposase-catalyzed insertions and at least one copy of randomly inserted plasmid DNA. Our findings illustrate critical issues related to DNA transposon-directed transgenesis, including coincidental plasmid insertion and relatively low Sleeping Beauty transposition activity in porcine fibroblasts, but also provide a platform for future development of porcine disease models using the Sleeping Beauty gene insertion technology. Udgivelsesdato: First online 29 August 2010

  3. Basil Bunting’s Aesthetic Function: Art vs. Intellect

    OpenAIRE

    Raheleh S. Aaraaby; Farid Parvaneh

    2012-01-01

    Basil Bunting is most commonly thought of as 1930s and 1940s poet grouped with some other poets such as Louis Zukofsky and Lorine Niedecker under the label “Objectivist ”. The present researchers seek to achieve two goals in this paper. The fi rst goal is to argue that Bunting pushes the aesthetic function to the very brink of sense but holds it there, oscillating on the cusp of referential meaning, thus creating a contested, liminal space where sound and sense content for the constr...

  4. Recto-vaginal/urethral fistula: Repair with gracilis muscle transposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goldman Gideon

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to assess the efficacy of gracilis muscle transposition in repairing rectovaginal and rectourethral fistula. All patients had fecal diversion as a preliminary or concurrent step to fistula repair. Success was defined as healed fistula after stoma closure. Results: Six females and four males underwent gracilis muscle transposition from 1999 to 2006. Gracilis muscle transposition is a viable option for repairing fistulas between the urethra, vagina and the rectum, especially after failed perineal or trans-anal repair. It is associated with low morbidity and good success rate. Underlying Crohn’s disease and previous radiation are associated with poor prognosis.

  5. Transitory Cis Complementation: A Method for Providing Transposition Functions to Defective Transposons

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, K. T.; Roth, J. R.

    1988-01-01

    A genetic complementation system is described in which the complementing components are close together in a single linear DNA fragment; the complementation situation is temporary. This system is useful for providing transposition functions to transposition-defective transposons, since transposition functions act preferentially in cis. The basic procedure involves placing a transposition-defective transposon near the gene(s) for its transposition functions on a single DNA fragment. This fragme...

  6. Endovenous treatments for varicose veins

    OpenAIRE

    Bos, R.R. van den

    2011-01-01

    Endovenous treatment is currently one of the most frequently used methods for treating varicose veins in the Netherlands. Varicose veins are tortuous and enlarged veins due to weakening in the vein’s wall or valves. They are manifestations of chronic venous disease (CVD), which may lead to serious complications.

  7. Keeler's theorem and products of distinct transpositions

    CERN Document Server

    Evans, Ron; Nguyen, Tuan

    2012-01-01

    An episode of Futurama features a two-body mind-switching machine which will not work more than once on the same pair of bodies. After the Futurama community indulges in a mind-switching spree, the question is asked, "Can the switching be undone so as to restore all minds to their original bodies?" Ken Keeler found an algorithm that undoes any mind-scrambling permutation with the aid of two "outsiders". We refine Keeler's result by providing a more efficient algorithm that uses the smallest possible number of switches. We also present best possible algorithms for undoing two natural sequences of switches, each sequence effecting a cyclic mind-scrambling permutation in the symmetric group S_n. Finally, we give necessary and sufficient conditions on m and n for the identity permutation to be expressible as a product of m distinct transpositions in S_n.

  8. Transposition of Domain Knowledge into Educational Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchetti, Emanuela; Jensen, Kristoffer

    2014-01-01

    Starting from Rogoff’s (1990) theory of apprenticeship in thinking and Apter’s (1987) reversal theory, this paper discusses the formulation of PlayDT (Playful Domain Transposition), a new approach to support the transposition of complex concepts, from different knowledge domains, into playful interactions, through the design of interactive media. PlayDT aims at facilitating the creation of a creative and easy understandable mapping between knowledge and interaction within the game. Multiple representations are encouraged, so to allow learners to express their own preferences, regarding their play experience. This study is based on reflections on three design-oriented research projects. The first one is MicroCulture (?C), a mixed-reality game, aimed at supporting learning of historical processes during guided tours in museums; it is targeted to primary school children. ?C was developed through a participatory design process, involving task-supported interviews and co-design workshops with children between 9 and 12. Among the findings, a strategy to map knowledge into interactions emerged, together with rich insights about children’s different approaches to play. In an attempt to evaluate the knowledge mapping, we designed PrimeSlaughter, a computer game aimed at supporting learning of prime numbers and factorization, for later primary and early secondary school pupils; the same domain concepts were mapped into two play styles in the game. In this study, we intend to go further in our formulation of the PlayDT approach, through another design study, aimed at creating a game to support learning of the Fourier Transform. In order to generalize further the mapping approach, a participatory workshop was conducted with university students, who provided inspirations to map the Fourier Transform into different games and various play styles. Reflections on these studies provide a solid grounding to define the PlayDT approach, its different stages, and implications for learning practice.

  9. Transpositionally active episomal hAT elements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hice Robert H

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background hAT elements and V(DJ recombination may have evolved from a common ancestral transposable element system. Extrachromosomal, circular forms of transposable elements (referred to here as episomal forms have been reported yet their biological significance remains unknown. V(DJ signal joints, which resemble episomal transposable elements, have been considered non-recombinogenic products of V(DJ recombination and a safe way to dispose of excised chromosomal sequences. V(DJ signal joints can, however, participate in recombination reactions and the purpose of this study was to determine if hobo and Hermes episomal elements are also recombinogenic. Results Up to 50% of hobo/Hermes episomes contained two intact, inverted-terminal repeats and 86% of these contained from 1-1000 bp of intercalary DNA. Episomal hobo/Hermes elements were recovered from Musca domestica (a natural host of Hermes, Drosophila melanogaster (a natural host of hobo and transgenic Drosophila melanogaster and Aedes aegypti (with autonomous Hermes elements. Episomal Hermes elements were recovered from unfertilized eggs of M. domestica and D. melanogaster demonstrating their potential for extrachromosomal, maternal transmission. Reintegration of episomal Hermes elements was observed in vitro and in vivo and the presence of Hermes episomes resulted in lower rates of canonical Hermes transposition in vivo. Conclusion Episomal hobo/Hermes elements are common products of element excision and can be maternally transmitted. Episomal forms of Hermes are capable of integration and also of influencing the transposition of canonical elements suggesting biological roles for these extrachromosomal elements in element transmission and regulation.

  10. Antimicrobial properties of basil and its possible application in food packaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suppakul, Panuwat; Miltz, Joseph; Sonneveld, Kees; Bigger, Stephen W

    2003-05-21

    Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is a popular culinary herb, and its essential oils have been used extensively for many years in food products, perfumery, and dental and oral products. Basil essential oils and their principal constituents were found to exhibit antimicrobial activity against a wide range of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, yeast, and mold. The present paper reviews primarily the topic of basil essential oils with regards to their chemical composition, their effect on microorganisms, the test methods for antimicrobial activity determination, and their possible future use in food preservation or as the active (antimicrobial), slow release, component of an active package. PMID:12744643

  11. Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial activity of Thai basil oils and their micro-emulsion formulas against Propionibacterium acnes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viyoch, J; Pisutthanan, N; Faikreua, A; Nupangta, K; Wangtorpol, K; Ngokkuen, J

    2006-04-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Thai basil oils and their micro-emulsions, on in vitro activity against Propionibacterium acnes. An agar disc diffusion method was employed for screening antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil), Ocimum sanctum L. (holy basil) and Ocimum americanum L. (hoary basil) against P. acnes. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of the basil oils were determined using an agar dilution assay. The obtained results indicated that the MIC values of sweet basil and holy basil oils were 2.0% and 3.0% v/v, respectively, whereas hoary basil oil did not show activity against P. acnes at the highest concentration tested (5.0% v/v). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis revealed that methyl chavicol (93.0%) was the major compound in sweet basil oil, and eugenol (41.5%), gamma-caryophyllene (23.7%) and methyl eugenol (11.8%) were major compounds in holy basil oil. Hoary basil oil contained high amounts of geraniol (32.0%) and neral (27.2%) and small amounts of methyl chavicol (0.8%). The Oil-in-water (o/w) micro-emulsions of individual basil oils with concentrations corresponding to their MIC values were formulated. The stable o/w micro-emulsion system for basil oil consisted of 55.0% v/v water phase, 10.0% v/v oil phase (2.0 or 3.0% v/v sweet basil or 3.0% v/v holy basil oil plus 7.0% v/v isopropyl myristate), 29.2% v/v polysorbate 80 and 5.8% v/v 1,2-propylene glycol. Hydroxyethylcellulose at a concentration of 0.5% w/v was used as thickening agent. According to the disc diffusion assay, the formulations containing sweet basil oil exhibited higher activity against P. acnes than those containing holy basil oil, and the thickened formulations tended to give a lower activity against P. acnes than the non-thickened formulations. The prepared micro-emulsions were stable after being tested by a heat-cool cycling method for five cycles. These findings indicate the possibility to use Thai sweet and holy basil oil in suitable formulations for acne skin care. PMID:18492147

  12. Universal platform for quantitative analysis of DNA transposition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pajunen Maria I

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Completed genome projects have revealed an astonishing diversity of transposable genetic elements, implying the existence of novel element families yet to be discovered from diverse life forms. Concurrently, several better understood transposon systems have been exploited as efficient tools in molecular biology and genomics applications. Characterization of new mobile elements and improvement of the existing transposition technology platforms warrant easy-to-use assays for the quantitative analysis of DNA transposition. Results Here we developed a universal in vivo platform for the analysis of transposition frequency with class II mobile elements, i.e., DNA transposons. For each particular transposon system, cloning of the transposon ends and the cognate transposase gene, in three consecutive steps, generates a multifunctional plasmid, which drives inducible expression of the transposase gene and includes a mobilisable lacZ-containing reporter transposon. The assay scores transposition events as blue microcolonies, papillae, growing within otherwise whitish Escherichia coli colonies on indicator plates. We developed the assay using phage Mu transposition as a test model and validated the platform using various MuA transposase mutants. For further validation and to illustrate universality, we introduced IS903 transposition system components into the assay. The developed assay is adjustable to a desired level of initial transposition via the control of a plasmid-borne E. coli arabinose promoter. In practice, the transposition frequency is modulated by varying the concentration of arabinose or glucose in the growth medium. We show that variable levels of transpositional activity can be analysed, thus enabling straightforward screens for hyper- or hypoactive transposase mutants, regardless of the original wild-type activity level. Conclusions The established universal papillation assay platform should be widely applicable to a variety of mobile elements. It can be used for mechanistic studies to dissect transposition and provides a means to screen or scrutinise transposase mutants and genes encoding host factors. In succession, improved versions of transposition systems should yield better tools for molecular biology and offer versatile genome modification vehicles for many types of studies, including gene therapy and stem cell research.

  13. Focus on Varicose Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is advanced through a catheter into the saphenous vein. Laser energy is then delivered through the fiber. The ... and, as the fiber is slowly withdrawn, the laser energy is absorbed by the blood and vein tissue, sealing it shut. The procedure can be ...

  14. The power of norms in the transposition of EU directives

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Rhinard

    2005-01-01

    Transposition research provides an excellent opportunity to bring new data to bear on two of the most dominant theoretical approaches to European Union studies: rational choice institutionalism and sociological institutionalism. Yet the goal of comparable testing is hampered by the underspecified nature of the sociological perspective. This paper takes some steps towards identifying and operationalising a sociological explanation of the transposition of EU directives. Examining an array of al...

  15. Rapid Staining Method to Detect and Identify Downy Mildew (Peronospora belbahrii in Basil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfina R. Koroch

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Premise of the study: Demand for fresh-market sweet basil continues to increase, but in 2009 a new pathogen emerged, threatening commercial field/greenhouse production and leading to high crop losses. This study describes a simple and effective staining method for rapid microscopic detection of basil downy mildew (Peronospora belbahrii from leaves of basil (Ocimum basilicum. Methods and Results: Fresh leaf sections infected with P. belbahrii were placed on a microscope slide, cleared with Visikol™, and stained with iodine solution followed by one drop of 70% sulfuric acid. Cell walls of the pathogen were stained with a distinct coloration, providing a high-contrast image between the pathogen and plant. Conclusions: This new staining method can be used successfully to identify downy mildew in basil, which then can significantly reduce its spread if identified early, coupled with mitigation strategies. This technique can facilitate the control of the disease, without expensive and specialized equipment.

  16. A teoria de Basil Bernstein: alguns aspectos fundamentais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Morais

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The article begins with a reference to the pieces of work that Basil Bernstein considered to have been the landmarks of the evolution of his thought. This is followed by a detailed description of the two models that contain the main concepts of his theory – Model of Cultural Reproduction and Transformation and Model of Pedagogic Discourse – where the theoretical meaning of these models and concepts is explained and where are given some examples of how to put them into practice at the level of pedagogic texts and contexts. The article also includes the most recent developments of Bernstein’s thought by explaining his ideas about the forms discourses can take – Vertical and Horizontal Discourses. Finally, Bernstein’s theory is approached within the framework of the empirical research, highlighting his epistemological positioning and explicating the methodological model that he suggested should be the driving force of any theory.

  17. Effects of different substrates on basil seedlings quality (Ocimum basilicum L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Jela?i? Slavica; Laki? Nada S.; Beatovi? Damir; Vujoševi? Ana

    2005-01-01

    In this study five different substrates were used, such as: compost; mixture of compost, Lumbrikus H and garden soil; mixture of compost and Lumbrikus H; mixture of compost, Lumbrikus H and peat Galicina and Seedling Klassman substrate. Basil seedling was produced in containers according to "speeding" system. The studies have shown that the best quality of basil seedling of varieties Genovese and Lattuga is achieved when the mixture of substrates Compost, Lumbrikus H and Galicina peat are app...

  18. High pressure-temperature processing as an alternative for preserving basil

    OpenAIRE

    Krebbers, B.; Matser, A.; Koets, M (Marjo); Bartels, P; Van Berg, R.

    2002-01-01

    In this study the effect of sterilisation by high pressure (HP) on the quality of basil was compared to conventional processing techniques. By means of freezing, or blanching followed by drying, microbial reduction of spores was maximal one-log. Pulsed HP-temperature treatment yielded a reduction of the natural occurring flora of more than 3 log CFU/g product. The essential oil content in basil consisted mainly of methylchavicol and linalool. HP sterilisation preserved these compounds in cont...

  19. Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Viña Amparo; Murillo Elizabeth

    2003-01-01

    Essential oil compositions of aerial parts from twelve basil cultivars (Ocimum spp) were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ten of them were characterized by the presence of a high percentage of methyl cinnamate (35-80%), which defined the chemotype for these varieties. Only one presented the caryophyllene chemotype and another, the linalool chemotype. Three of the basils, "purple ruffles", "little virgin" and "purple virgin" exhibited the methyl cinnamate > linalool su...

  20. The antioxidative properties of Holy basil and Galangal in cooked ground pork.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juntachote, T; Berghofer, E; Siebenhandl, S; Bauer, F

    2006-03-01

    The ethanolic extracts from Holy basil and Galangal were examined for their extraction yield, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity against a ?-carotene-linoleic acid emulsion system, DPPH scavenging activity and reducing power. Ethanolic extracts of Holy basil exhibited higher extraction yield, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity, DPPH scavenging activity and reducing power than ethanolic extracts of Galangal. Antioxidative efficiency to inhibit lipid oxidation of dried Holy basil and dried Galangal powder, ethanolic extracts of Galangal and Holy basil and commercial antioxidant mixture in cooked ground pork was investigated during refrigerated storage at 5°C for 14 days. The quantitative measurements of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), conjugated diene, peroxide value (POV) and hexanal content were used as indicators of lipid oxidation. Increased levels of TBARS value, POV and hexanal content were noticed in all meat samples during storage, however most marked in cooked ground pork without antioxidants, whereas conjugated diene tended to decrease with increasing storage time. Ranking of the treatment in order of their antioxidant effectiveness showed that commercial antioxidant mixture (0.3% citric acid+0.5% ascorbic acid+0.02% ?-tocopherol)>dried Galangal powder>dried Holy basil powder>ethanolic extracts of Galangal>ethanolic extracts of Holy basil>control. Furthermore, in cooked ground pork samples a high correlation between TBARS value and hexanal contents was obtained. PMID:22061728

  1. Extended bias-factor data transposition method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of experimental campaigns in relation to the design of a specific reference project is well recognized. In these cases, a number of quantities, significant with respect to the major integral parameters relevant to the reference system are measured in an experimental facility (in particular, physical and/or engineering mock-up), and then transposed to the reference system itself. In cases in which the experimental facility is very similar, only minor corrections are generally necessary and the simple, well known, bias-factor transposition (BFT) method can be successfully adopted. But if the two systems differ to some extent and/or if quantities in the experimental facility somehow differ from those of the reference design are considered, although the useful information contained in the measurements remains significant, making full use of it may become a problem. An extension of the simple BFT method is then proposed, so that full use of the available experimental information can be made. This extended methodology can be used as well for optimal experimental planning in view of specific design objectives

  2. Retinal vein occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hayreh Sohan

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available In this review of the retinal vein occlusion (RVO, I have summarized recent advances on several controversial and clinically important topics: classification of RVO into six distinct clinical entities; pathogeneses and demographic characteristics of various types of RVO; differentiation of non-ischemic from ischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO; differentiation of hemi-CRVO (HCRVO from major branch RVO (BRVO; and the course, complications and management of various types of RVO

  3. Basil Bunting’s Aesthetic Function: Art vs. Intellect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raheleh S. Aaraaby

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Basil Bunting is most commonly thought of as 1930s and 1940s poet grouped with some other poets such as Louis Zukofsky and Lorine Niedecker under the label “Objectivist ”. The present researchers seek to achieve two goals in this paper. The fi rst goal is to argue that Bunting pushes the aesthetic function to the very brink of sense but holds it there, oscillating on the cusp of referential meaning, thus creating a contested, liminal space where sound and sense content for the constructive axis of meaning-construction. The second goal is to construct an oppositional relationship between art and intellect and conclude that if the best poetry aspires to a state of pure music, that aspiration moves it even further away from the intellect1. Reference will also be made to opponents who put sight and visuality over and above everything else in man’s effort to acquire knowledge of this world in general.

    Key words: Bunting; Aesthetics; Form; Art; Intellect; Music

    Résumé Basil Bunting est le plus souvent considérés comme des années 1930 et 1940 de regroupés les poètes avec quelques autres poètes tels que Louis Zukofsky et Lorine Niedecker sous le label «objectiviste». Les chercheurs comtenporains cherchent à atteindre deux objectifs dans le présent document. Le premier objectif est de faire valoir que le Bunting pousse la fonction esthétique au bord même du sens, mais y maintient, oscillant sur le point de sens référentiel, créant ainsi un litigieuse, espace liminal où le son et le contenu de sens pour l’axe constructif de sens-la construction. Le deuxième objectif est de construire une relation d’opposition entre l’art et de l’intellect et de conclure que si la meilleure poésie aspire à un état de la musique pure, que l’aspiration se déplace encore plus loin de l’intellect. Référence sera également à des adversaires qui ont mis la vue et la visualité audelà de tout le reste de l’effort de l’homme d’acquérir des connaissances de ce monde en général.

    Mots clés: Forme Bunting; L’esthétique; L’art; L’intelligence; De la musique

  4. Venous variations in neck region: cephalic vein

    OpenAIRE

    Kim DI; Han SH

    2010-01-01

    The cephalic vein lies in the deltopectoral groove, and passes throught the infraclavicular fossa, and drains into the axillary vein. It may communicate with the external jugular vein via a branch positioned anterior to the clavicle before emptying into the axillary vein. In this case multiple variations were found in the veins of the neck region: cephalic vein, jugular vein, and facial vein.The cephalic vein in the left side passed between the clavicular and sternal heads of the pectoralis m...

  5. Late arrhythmias after surgery for transposition of the great arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deal, Barbara J

    2011-01-01

    The evolution of surgical techniques for transposition of the great arteries (TGA) provides a moving target for the assessment of late arrhythmias. Imposed on varying anatomical substrates are progressive surgical interventions, each with its own set of sequelae. Analysis of the risk of arrhythmia development requires division into which arrhythmia is present, for which form of transposition, undergoing what type of surgery, and in which surgical era. For purposes of this review, available data on d-TGA undergoing Senning repairs, Mustard repairs, and arterial switch repairs and congenitally corrected TGA undergoing double switch repairs are reviewed. PMID:23804930

  6. Randomized placebo-controlled, single blind trial of holy basil leaves in patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, P; Rai, V; Singh, R B

    1996-09-01

    Experimental studies on albino rats reported that leaf extract of Ocimum sanctum and Ocimum album (holy basil) had hypoglycemic effect. To explore further evidence we studied the effects of treatment with holy basil leaves on fasting and postprandial blood glucose and serum cholesterol levels in humans through randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover single blind trial. Results indicated a significant decrease in fasting and postprandial blood glucose levels during treatment with holy basil leaves compared to during treatment with placebo leaves. Fasting blood glucose fell by 21.0 mg/dl, confidence interval of difference -31.4 - (-)11.2 (p basil treatment period. The findings from this study suggest that basil leaves may be prescribed as adjunct to dietary therapy and drug treatment in mild to moderate NIDDM. PMID:8880292

  7. First Cultivation Trials of Lemon Basil (Ocimum basilicum var. citriodorum in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezen Tansi

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Lemon basil is grown as a culinary herb, used fresh and dried in floral arrangements, and potpourris. In this research we studied essential oil component and herb and oil yields of commercial lemon basil grown in Mediterranean region of Turkey. Lemon basil were cultivated under €ukurova conditions in Turkey, and could be harvested 3 times at the full-flowering. In our conditions, harvest number increased four providing that earlier sowing is performed. Total fresh leaf yield and total dried leaf yield were 2760 kg/da and 571.52 kg/da, respectively. Essential oil components in leaves and flowers were analyzed by GC. The maximum essential oil yield (0.71 % was obtained at the I. harvest time from the dried flowers. Main component of essential oil was citral. The maximum citral (neral+geraniol content (89.28 % was determined at the II. harvest time

  8. Relational Learning in a Context of Transposition: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazareva, Olga F.

    2012-01-01

    In a typical transposition task, an animal is presented with a single pair of stimuli (for example, S3+S4-, where plus and minus denote reward and nonreward and digits denote stimulus location on a sensory dimension such as size). Subsequently, an animal is presented with a testing pair that contains a previously reinforced or nonreinforced…

  9. Cognitive development in transposition of the great vessels.

    OpenAIRE

    Hesz, N; Clark, E B

    1988-01-01

    Ten children who had had transposition of the great vessels (TGV) repaired, deep hypothermia, and cardiac arrest were examined. Seven children with acyanotic heart disease and 12 unaffected siblings were tested for comparison. Their intelligence, academic achievement, and behaviour was studied. The group with TGV had lower performance subscores on the intelligence test, an increase in somatic complaints, and aggressive behaviour.

  10. Efficient sleeping beauty DNA transposition from DNA minicircles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Nynne; Cai, Yujia

    2013-01-01

    DNA transposon-based vectors have emerged as new potential delivery tools in therapeutic gene transfer. Such vectors are now showing promise in hematopoietic stem cells and primary human T cells, and clinical trials with transposon-engineered cells are on the way. However, the use of plasmid DNA as a carrier of the vector raises safety concerns due to the undesirable administration of bacterial sequences. To optimize vectors based on the Sleeping Beauty (SB) DNA transposon for clinical use, we examine here SB transposition from DNA minicircles (MCs) devoid of the bacterial plasmid backbone. Potent DNA transposition, directed by the hyperactive SB100X transposase, is demonstrated from MC donors, and the stable transfection rate is significantly enhanced by expressing the SB100X transposase from MCs. The stable transfection rate is inversely related to the size of circular donor, suggesting that a MC-based SB transposition system benefits primarily from an increased cellular uptake and/or enhanced expression which can be observed with DNA MCs. DNA transposon and transposase MCs are easily produced, are favorable in size, do not carry irrelevant DNA, and are robust substrates for DNA transposition. In accordance, DNA MCs should become a standard source of DNA transposons not only in therapeutic settings but also in the daily use of the SB system.Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids (2013) 2, e74; doi:10.1038/mtna.2013.1; published online 26 February 2013.

  11. Transposition of Anterior Choroidal Artery and Posterior Communicating Artery Origin

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Chan Young; Lee, Chae Heuck

    2012-01-01

    The anterior choroidal artery has several kinds of variations. Among them, the transposition of anterior choroidal artery and posterior communicating artery origins has been extremely rare. We report a case with cerebral aneurysm arising from posterior communicating artery which origin was distal to the anterior choroidal artery and review the relevant literature.

  12. Pulmonary blood flow distribution in transposition of the great arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary blood flow distribution was studied by scintillation scanning of the lungs after the infusion of iodine-131-labeled macroaggregates of human albumin before and after the Mustard operation in 53 patients with transposition of the great arteries. The patients were classified as follows: Group 1 (24 infants with uncomplicated transposition of the great arteries); Group II (18 patients with transposition and ventricular septal defect); and Group III (11 patients with transposition, ventricular septal defect and pulmonary obstruction). Before operation, 21 patients had a normal distribution of pulmonary blood flow, 10 had preferential flow to the right lung and 2 had preferential flow to the left lung. After operation, 19 had a normal pattern of pulmonary blood flow, 21 had preferential flow to the right lung and 3 had preferential flow to the left lung. The scanning studies have proved helpful in follow-up of patients to rule out recurrence of the shunt, pulmonary or systemic venous obstruction, development of pulmonary hypertension and occlusion of a palliative systemic-pulmonary shunt

  13. Cerebral and Sinus Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... User Name Password Sign In Cardiology Patient Page Cerebral and Sinus Vein Thrombosis Stephan Moll , MD ; Beth Waldron , MA From the ... from the brain is called a sinus or cerebral vein thrombosis. It is an uncommon type of clot, affecting ...

  14. Living with Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... FAQs Home » Living With Deep Vein Thrombosis Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis What Is... Other Names Causes Who Is at Risk Signs & Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Prevention Living With Clinical Trials Links Related Topics Blood ...

  15. How Are Varicose Veins Diagnosed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Planning, & Legislative Advisory Committees Contact Us FAQs You are here Home » Health Information for the Public » Health ... this page from the NHLBI on Twitter. How Are Varicose Veins Diagnosed? Doctors often diagnose varicose veins ...

  16. Varicose veins and venous insufficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... projected on smaller varicose veins, making them disappear. Sclerotherapy . Salt water or a chemical solution is injected ... MP, Guex JJ, Weiss RA. Clinical methods for sclerotherapy of varicose veins. In: Sclerotherapy: Treatment of Varicose ...

  17. Chemical composition of the essential oil of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jela?i? Slavica ?.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In Serbia basil has been grown traditionally as a decorative, medicinal, seasoning and ritual herb, and there is a variety of different populations of basil. Basil is considered to have been brought to Serbia in the 12th century by monks returning from their pilgrimages. Essential oils isolated from herb of ten basil populations traditionally grown on the territory of the Republic of Serbia have been analyzed. The selected populations have been designated under codes from T-1 to T-10 and deposited in the Plant Genes Bank at Serbia and at the Institute for Crop Sciences of the Faculty of Agriculture in Belgrade. Essential oils of all tested basil populations were light yellow and had a specific aromatic scent. The composition of essential oil in the dry herb of the tested populations ranged from 0.87 to 1.84%. The results of gas chromatographic analysis of essential oils in tested basil populations pointed to their complex chemical composition and to the fact that they belong to the most appreciated European chemotype. In total thirty three components have been identified in the essential oils. The most common fraction of components in all tested oils was terpenoides. The predominant component in all essential oils is monoterpen linalol, ranging from 51.52 to 74.73%. Phenylpropranoid methylchavicol ranged from 2.49 to 18.97%. Essential oils of populations T-6, T-7, T-8 and T-10 were characterized by elevated 1.8-cineol (4.44, 3.70, 4.01 and 3.43%, respectively. Populations T-3 and T-4 in essential oil contained higher percent of geraniol (4.27 and 3.31%, respectively. In all ten essential oils sesquiterpen fraction consisted of greater number of components, with germacrene having special significance as it was found in high percentage in all populations. The highest content of germacrene was registered in population T-9 (4.30%, T-10 (4.18%, while in others it ranged from 2.17 to 3.69%. Basil populations traditionally grown in Serbia have exceptional quality. They represent an excellent raw material for the production of basil essential oils, for the needs of pharmaceutical, food and chemical industry.

  18. Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-04-05

    This podcast discusses the risk for deep vein thrombosis in long-distance travelers and ways to minimize that risk.  Created: 4/5/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 4/5/2012.

  19. Deep vein thrombosis - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    DVT - discharge; Blood clot in the legs - discharge; Thromboembolism - discharge ... You were treated for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). This is a condition in which a blood clot forms in a vein that is not on or near the surface of the ...

  20. Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hormone therapy, including for postmenopausal symptoms Have a central venous catheter Your risk for DVT increases if you have ... What is the likely cause of my deep vein thrombosis? What is the treatment ... I at risk for pulmonary embolism? Am I at risk for having another blood ...

  1. Varicosity of the pulmonary veins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leicher-Dueber, A.; Lindner, P.; Schild, H.; Plewe, G.

    1986-04-01

    Varicosity of the pulmonary veins is a rare anomaly of the pulmonary vascular system. The varices do not usually change in size over years, do not cause symptoms and need no therapy. However, raised left atrial pressure can cause increase in the diameter of pulmonary vein varices. A case of lung vein varicosity in the right middle and upper lobe associated with coarctation of the aorta and an anomalous upper-middle lobe vein was observed over a period of 10 years. Increase in left atrial pressure (aortic and relative mitral regurgitation) led to enlargement of the pulmonary veins.

  2. Portal vein ligation selectively lowers hepatic cytochrome P450 levels in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, G C; Zaluzny, L

    1983-08-01

    In rats, surgical creation of a portacaval shunt leads to hepatic atrophy and lowered levels of cytochrome P450, the key component of liver enzymes involved with drug metabolism. These effects are largely attributable to diversion of portal blood away from the liver and not to decreased hepatic blood flow. The present study has established a simpler model of portal blood diversion in order to examine the role of portal blood constituents in the regulation of hepatic cytochrome P450. Portal vein ligation was performed on male Wistar rats in which portasystemic anastomoses had been produced by subcutaneous transposition of the spleen. Portal vein ligation resulted in portal hypertension, as evidenced by splenomegaly, and in hepatic atrophy. In liver of rats with portal vein ligation, microsomal cytochrome P450 levels were significantly less than in sham-operated control rats, but cytochrome b5, NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, and glucose-6-phosphatase were unaltered. The activities of four mixed function oxidases also were reduced significantly in the liver of rats with portal vein ligation, the changes being greatest for ethylmorphine N-demethylase, a prototype substrate for the phenobarbital-inducible isoenzyme of cytochrome P450. In contrast, the activity of microsomal heme oxygenase, the rate-limiting step in catabolism of heme to bilirubin, was enhanced after portal vein ligation. Experiments in pair-fed rats showed that the changes observed in liver from rats with portal vein ligation could not be attributed to caloric deprivation. Administration of phenobarbital increased liver mass, cytochrome P450 levels, and mixed function oxidase activities both in rats with portal vein ligation and in controls, indicating that the liver of the ligated rats retained considerable protein synthetic capacity. It appears that hepatic atrophy and lowering of cytochrome P450 levels that follow portal vein ligation are consequences of altered exposure of the liver to factors normally present in portal blood, and that the same alterations may also enhance heme oxygenase activity. PMID:6862153

  3. Pelvic Vein Embolisation in the Management of Varicose Veins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pelvic vein incompetence is common in patients with atypical varicose veins, contributing to their recurrence after surgery. Therefore, refluxing pelvic veins should be identified and treated. We present our experience with pelvic vein embolisation in patients presenting with varicose veins. Patients presenting with varicose veins with a duplex-proven contribution from perivulval veins undergo transvaginal duplex sonography (TVUS) to identify refluxing pelvic veins. Those with positive scans undergo embolisation before surgical treatment of their lower limb varicose veins. A total of 218 women (mean age of 46.3 years) were treated. Parity was documented in the first 60 patients, of whom 47 (78.3%) were multiparous, 11 (18.3%) had had one previous pregnancy, and 2 (3.3%) were nulliparous. The left ovarian vein was embolised in 78%, the right internal iliac in 64.7%, the left internal iliac in 56.4%, and the right ovarian vein in 42.2% of patients. At follow-up TVUS, mild reflux only was seen in 16, marked persistent reflux in 6, and new reflux in 3 patients. These 9 women underwent successful repeat embolisation. Two patients experienced pulmonary embolisation of the coils, of whom 1 was asymptomatic and 1 was successfully retrieved; 1 patient had a misplaced coil protruding into the common femoral vein; and 1 patient had perineal thrombophlebitis. The results of our study showed that pelvic venous embolisation by way of a transjugular approach is a safe and effective sjugular approach is a safe and effective technique in the treatment of pelvic vein reflux.

  4. Organic versus conventional fertilization effects on sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) growth in a greenhouse system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil) is an essential oil producing crop used in culinary and fragrance applications. The objective of this controlled environment study was to evaluate the effects of organic and conventional fertilization, (applied at two nitrogen rates, 150 and 250 kg N/ha), on plant g...

  5. Basil Bernstein's Theory of the Pedagogic Device and Formal Music Schooling: Putting the Theory into Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Ruth; Froehlich, Hildegard

    2012-01-01

    This article describes Basil Bernstein's theory of the pedagogic device as applied to school music instruction. Showing that educational practices are not personal choices alone, but the result of socio-political mandates, the article traces how education functions as a vehicle for social reproduction. Bernstein called this process the…

  6. Chemical control of downy mildew on lettuce and basil under greenhouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullino, M L; Gilardi, G; Garibaldi, A

    2009-01-01

    Eight experimental trials were carried out during 2007 and 2008 to evaluate the efficacy of different fungicides against downy mildew of lettuce (Bremia lactucae) and basil (Peronospora belbahrii) under greenhouse conditions, at temperatures ranging from 19 to 24 degrees C. The mixture fluopicolide (fungicide belonging to the + propamocarb hydrochloride (fungicide belonging to the new chemical class of acyl-picolides) was compared with metalaxyl m + copper, zoxamide + mancozeb, iprovalicarb + Cu, fenamidone + fosetyl-Al and azoxystrobin. Two treatments were carried out at 8-12 day interval on lettuce and basil. The artificial inoculation of B. lactucae on lettuce (cv Cobham Green) and P. belbahrii. on basil (cv Genovese gigante) was carried out by using 1 x 10(5) CFU/ml 24 h after the first treatment. In the presence of a medium-high disease severity, all fungicides tested in these trials were effective against downy mildew on lettuce and basil as the other fungicides already available. The importance of the availability of a number of different chemicals to control downy mildews is discussed. PMID:20222581

  7. Daytime Solar Heating Controls Downy Mildew Peronospora belbahrii in Sweet Basil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Yigal; Rubin, Avia E.

    2015-01-01

    The biotrophic oomycete Peronospora belbahrii causes a devastating downy mildew disease in sweet basil. Due to the lack of resistant cultivars current control measures rely heavily on fungicides. However, resistance to fungicides and strict regulation on their deployment greatly restrict their use. Here we report on a ‘green’ method to control this disease. Growth chamber studies showed that P. belbahrii could hardly withstand exposure to high temperatures; exposure of spores, infected leaves, or infected plants to 35-45°C for 6-9 hours suppressed its survival. Therefore, daytime solar heating was employed in the field to control the downy mildew disease it causes in basil. Covering growth houses of sweet basil already infected with downy mildew with transparent infra-red-impermeable, transparent polyethylene sheets raised the daily maximal temperature during sunny hours by 11-22°C reaching 40-58°C (greenhouse effect). Such coverage, applied for a few hours during 1-3 consecutive days, had a detrimental effect on the survival of P. belbahrii: killing the pathogen and/or suppressing disease progress while enhancing growth of the host basil plants. PMID:25992649

  8. First report of Alfalfa mosaic virus infecting basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) in California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) plants collected from a field in Imperial County, CA in May, 2011 were found to exhibit yellowing, chlorotic sectors and spots on leaves, resulting in plants being unmarketable. Total nucleic acid was extracted from plants and tested by RT-PCR for the presence of Alfalfa...

  9. Oxygen amendment on growth and nitrogen-use efficiency of flooded Italian Basil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flooding is a frequent and often unavoidable cause of stress, in vegetable production in Florida. Flooding results in hypoxia i.e., oxygen deficiency. This study was conducted with traditional Italian basil (Ocimum basilicum L.), cv. Genovese OG, treated with either a fast- or slow-release solid oxy...

  10. Diversity in chemical composition and yield of essential oil from two Iranian landraces of sweet basil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasemi Pirbalouti Abdollah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ocimum basilicum L. belongs to the family Lamiaceae is an herb that is extensively cultivated in some countries. Areal parts, especially leaves of sweet basil are widely used to enhance the flavour of foods such as salads, pasta, tomato products, vegetables, pizza, meat, soups, marine foods, confectioneries and other products. Essential oil yield and chemical components of two Iranian landraces of sweet basil including “Purple” and “Green” grown south-central of Iran (Isfahan province were investigated. The hydro-distillated oils were analyzed by GC-MS. The oil yields were obtained from the aerial of Purple with 0.56 ml/100 g dry matter and the aerial of Green with 0.48 ml/100 g dry matter. Results indicated significant differences (p < 0.01 among the aerial for the main constituents in the essential oil from two Iranian landraces of sweet basil. The major constituents of the essential oil from the aerial of Purple landrace were methyl chavicol or estragol (63.32% and linalool (7.96%. The main compositions of the essential oil from the aerial of Green landrace were methyl chavicol (31.82%, geranial (24.60% and neral (22.65%. Genarlly, a comparison of our results with the previous reports suggests differences in the essential oil compositions and oil yield of the plant material could be attributed to genetic diversity in two Iranian landraces of sweet basil.

  11. Chicoric Acid Levels in Commercial Basil (Ocimum basilicum) and Echinacea purpurea Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recently, we reported fresh basil (Ocimum basilicum) leaves contain chicoric acid, which is the principal phenolic compound in Echinacea purpurea and purportedly an active ingredient in dietary supplements derived from E. purpurea. Here we present the results from a study evaluating chicoric acid co...

  12. Varicose Vein Surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Ombrellino, Michael; Kabnick, Lowell S.

    2005-01-01

    The treatment of superficial venous disease and chronic venous insufficiency continues to evolve, and the interest in venous disease has matched that in arterial disease in vascular medicine. A better understanding of venous anatomy and pathophysiology and the development of newer, more efficient diagnostic technology have allowed clinicians to utilize minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of varicose veins. These techniques have reduced recurrence and improved overall quality of lif...

  13. Comparison of microbial diversity of edible flowers and basil grown with organic versus conventional methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetzel, Kaedra; Lee, Jiyoung; Lee, Chang Soo; Binkley, Margaret

    2010-11-01

    The consumption and use of edible flowers as food is growing; however, no study has been conducted to evaluate their role in the cause of food-borne illness or in food safety. Recent food-borne outbreaks traced to fresh herbs have raised concern about their processing and handling. Basil, one of the most commonly used fresh herbs, has been identified as a source of food-borne illness. Baseline assessments of microflora were performed, and the microbial diversity between growing methods (organic vs. conventional) was compared. DNA sequencing was used to identify the microbial flora present on fresh edible flower and basil samples. The most predominant species identified were Enterobacter hormaechei (10%), Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (10%), Enterobacter ludwigii (10%), Enterobacter asburiae (6%), and Enterobacter cowanii (6%). Pseudomonas aeruginosa (6%), Salmonella enterica (6%), and Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (2%) were also isolated. Phylogenetic analysis showed that most species of isolated bacteria belonged to the phyla Gammaproteobacteria (81.2%) and Firmicutes (18.8%). Statistical analysis, diversity index for species richness, and lineage-per-time plots showed that for basil, organically grown samples had a higher microbial diversity than conventionally grown samples. Edible flowers and basil are often grown using organic methods and are commonly consumed raw without any washing or cooking, to preserve aesthetic value, but these practices may pose a potential risk for food-borne illness. The baseline assessment, together with phylogenetic and statistical analyses, indicated possible microbial contamination in edible flowers and basil. The use of statistical estimation of molecular diversity based on the 16S rRNA sequences and lineage-per-time plots with phylogenetic analysis well served as a means for comparing microbial diversity in food samples between the growing methods (organic vs. conventional). PMID:21076485

  14. Seed Germination and Early Growth Responses of Hyssop, Sweet Basil and Oregano to Temperature Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajad MIJANI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this survey were to determine the effect of temperature on germination and seedling growth of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L., Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L. and Oregano (Origanum vulgare L. (Lamiaceae family as well as comparing species regarding germination behavior and growth characteristics. Seeds were germinated on a temperature-gradient bar varying between 5 and 40 °C (with 5 °C intervals. Results indicated that the highest germination percentage of hyssop (92-98%, sweet basil (86-90% and oregano (74-77% occurred at 20-30 °C, 25-30 °C and 20-30 °C, respectively; therefore, moderate and warm temperatures are proper for germination of all species. In all species the maximum germination rate obtained at 30 °C. Among all species, Day 10 % of Sweet basil Germination had the lowest value, which indicates faster germination. The cardinal temperatures (base, optimum and ceiling or maximum were estimated by the segmented model. Base temperature (Tb was calculated for hyssop, sweet basil and oregano as 3.42, 5.70 and 5.46 °C, respectively. Optimal temperature (To calculated for all species was approximately 30°C, So warmer temperatures are much more proper for them. The species showed different maximum temperatures (Tm from 42.91 (Oregano to 48.05 °C (Hyssop. In Hyssop and Sweet basil optimum growth of seedlings were observed at 30°C while Oregano reached its best growth at 25°C. The difference between maximum and minimum temperatures of germination knowing as temperature range (TR index could show adaptation capability to broad sites for planting and domestication. Regarding this index Hyssop stood in the first place.

  15. Surgical Preparation of a Permanent Carotid Transposition in Sheep

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana V. Gouvêa

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In large animal research, when frequent sampling of arterial blood is needed, the carotid artery transposition is the most used technique. The objective of this paper is to describe a new technique for carotid artery transposition in sheep and evaluate its effectiveness using the echo-Doppler ultrasound. The animals enrolled in this study had their carotid surgically elevated to the subcutaneous level, by suturing underneath muscles sternocephalic and brachiocephalic. None of the animals that underwent the procedure in this study had trans- or postoperative complications. Six months after the suture removal, all animals presented patent ca-rotids by echo-Doppler ultrasound. This is an easy and safe procedure for carrying out experiments that re-quire the collection of arterial blood.

  16. Ileal transposition in surgical treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg Viktorovich Kornyushin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available High prevalence and insufficient efficacy of medical treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM poses a major challenge for medical care. Generally, only 30% of patients reach therapeutic goals, while remission occurs only in the minority of patients. In the obese (BMI>35 kg/m2, bariatric surgery provides an alternative to pharmacological treatment of T2DM, boosting remission/compensation rate up to 76.8%. A few recent clinical studies explored the anti-diabetic effect of ileal transposition (IT. This type of surgery targets restoration of incretin balance by proximal transposition of ileal segment. In this review, we discuss the salutary mechanisms of IT in T2DM based on the analysis of the pioneering clinical trials.

  17. Functional Characterization of the Bari1 Transposition System

    OpenAIRE

    Palazzo, Antonio; Marconi, Simona; Specchia, Valeria; Bozzetti, Maria Pia; Ivics, Zoltán; Caizzi, Ruggiero; Marsano, René Massimiliano

    2013-01-01

    The transposons of the Bari family are mobile genetic elements widespread in the Drosophila genus. However, despite a broad diffusion, virtually no information is available on the mechanisms underlying their mobility. In this paper we report the functional characterization of the Bari elements transposition system. Using the Bari1 element as a model, we investigated the subcellular localization of the transposase, its physical interaction with the transposon, and its catalytic activity. The B...

  18. Transposition of the carbenicillin-hydrolyzing beta-lactamase gene.

    OpenAIRE

    Katsu, K.; Inoue, M.; Mitsuhashi, S.

    1982-01-01

    We isolated a new transposon Tn2101, from plasmid Rms433 in Enterobacter cloacae. Tn2101 encoded the formation of type IV (carbenicillin-hydrolyzing) beta-lactamase and multiple resistance to streptomycin, sulfanilamide, spectinomycin, and mercury in addition to ampicillin. Tn2101 was transposable between conjugative (or nonconjugative) plasmids and the host chromosome. Transposition occurred independently of the general recombination ability of the host cell. Tn2101 had a molecular size of 9...

  19. Targeted Transposition at the Vestigial Locus of Drosophila Melanogaster

    OpenAIRE

    Heslip, T. R.; Hodgetts, R. B.

    1994-01-01

    Targeted transposition is the replacement of one P element with another. We are exploiting this unique property of P elements to study the complex regulatory domain of the Dopa decarboxylase (Ddc) gene in Drosophila melanogaster. P element constructs targeted to the same site in the genome will be subjected to the same position effect. This allows the subtle effects typical of most mutations in the Ddc regulatory region to be measured in the absence of the variable influences of position effe...

  20. Transposition methods of experimental data to reference design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A methodology is described relevant to the use of data from experimental facilities in relation to a reference design. The method makes use of the generalized perturbation theory (GPT) methods for the calculation of the sensitivity coefficients relevant to the responses of interest with respect to the system parameters. Adjustment and data transposition methods extensively used in the reactor physics neutronic domain are considered as applicable to other fields of interest, in particular to the thermohydraulic field. (author)

  1. Dextrocardia with corrected transposition of large arteries in scintigraphic picture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case report is presented of a patient with dextrocardia complicated with corrected transposition of the large arteries. For comparison, some findings in another patient with isolated dextrocardia are presented. Scintigrams of the heart cavities and the large vessels performed by the method of radioisotope first flow cardioangiography are shown. The ease and simplicity are pointed out of this noninvasive method in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of dextrocardia and congenital heart defects in general. (author)

  2. SNP discovery by mismatch-targeting of Mu transposition

    OpenAIRE

    Orsini, Luisa; Pajunen, Maria; Hanski, Ilkka; Savilahti, Harri

    2007-01-01

    Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) represent a valuable resource for the mapping of human disease genes and induced mutations in model organisms. SNPs may become the markers of choice also for population ecology and evolutionary studies, but their isolation for non-model organisms with unsequenced genomes is often difficult. Here, we describe a rapid and cost-effective strategy to isolate SNPs that exploits the property of the bacteriophage Mu transposition machinery to target mismatched ...

  3. Surgical effects of nasal transposition of inferior rectus muscle – 135 cases of acquired superior oblique palsy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Mana; Kimura, Akiko; Masuda, Akiko; Mimura, Osamu

    2015-01-01

    Nasal transposition of the inferior rectus (IR) muscle, which is transposed nasally with the insertion parallel to the spiral of Tillaux, could correct excyclotropia. However, as far as we are aware, there have been no reports examining the surgical effects of this procedure in multiple cases. Therefore, we examined the surgical effects of IR nasal transposition in 135 cases with acquired trochlear nerve palsy at Hyogo College of Medicine Hospital, Nishinomiya, Japan. One muscle width of IR nasal transposition corrected an average 5.6° in excyclotorsion, while bilateral IR nasal transposition corrected average 10.9°. This result shows this procedure is accurate quantitatively. Moreover, IR nasal transposition in combination with IR recession or resection can correct vertical deviation and excyclotorsion simultaneously. The results of this study suggest that IR nasal transposition should become first-line treatment for acquired superior oblique palsy.

  4. Bounded Rationality in Transposition Processes : The Case of the European Patient Rights Directive

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vollaard, Hans; Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg

    2014-01-01

    Studies explaining the timeliness and correctness of the transposition of EU directives into national legislation have provided rather inconclusive findings. They do not offer a clear-cut prediction concerning the transposition of the patients’ rights directive, which is one of the first that concerns the organisation and financing of national healthcare systems. This article applies the perspective of bounded rationality to explain (irregularities in) the timely and correct transposition of EU directives. The cognitive and organisational constraints long posited by the bounded rationality perspective may affect the commonly employed explanatory factors of administrative capacities, misfit and the heterogeneity of preferences among veto players. To prevent retrospective rationalisation of the transposition process, this paper traces this process as it unfolded in Denmark and the Netherlands. As bounded rationality is apparent in the transposition processes in these relatively well-organised countries, future transposition studies should devote greater consideration to the bounded rationality perspective.

  5. Retroaortic left renal vein joining the left common iliac vein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brancatelli, G.; Galia, M.; Finazzo, M.; Sparacia, G.; Pardo, S.; Lagalla, R. [Dept. of Radiology ' ' P. Cignolini' ' , Univ. of Palermo (Italy)

    2000-11-01

    Retroaortic left renal vein joining the left common iliac vein is a rare congenital anomaly in the development of the inferior vena cava. To our knowledge, only one case has been reported in the literature; however, its imaging features have never been described. A 27-year-old male presented with a 1-year history of recurrent right flank pain, dysuria, hematuria, and fever (39 C). Computed tomography and MR venography showed a retroaortic left renal vein joining the left common iliac vein. We present the CT and MR venography findings and discuss their feasibility in showing this congenital anomaly. (orig.)

  6. In vitro Anti-Helicobacter pylori Effects of Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and Purple Basil (Ocimum basilicum var. purpurascens)

    OpenAIRE

    Mahboobeh Nakhaei, M.; Feridoun Malekzadeh; Mehrangiz Khaje-Karamoddin; Mohammad Ramezani

    2006-01-01

    Anti-Helicobacter pylori effects of leaves of Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil, Lamiaceae) and Ocimum basilicum var. purpurascens (purple basil, Lamiaceae) were evaluated. Macerated aqueous and methanol extracts were tested against 45 clinical isolates of Helicobacter pylori using paper Disc Diffusion Method (DDM) on modified egg yolk emulsion agar (EYE agar). Although there were small differences in sensitivity among the isolates tested, but all isolates were susceptible to methanol and aque...

  7. Requirement of IS911 replication before integration defines a new bacterial transposition pathway

    OpenAIRE

    Duval-valentin, G.; Marty-cointin, B.; Chandler, M.

    2004-01-01

    Movement of transposable elements is often accompanied by replication to ensure their proliferation. Replication is associated with both major classes of transposition mechanisms: cut-and-paste and cointegrate formation (paste-and-copy). Cut-and-paste transposition is often activated by replication of the transposon, while in cointegrate formation replication completes integration. We describe a novel transposition mechanism used by insertion sequence IS911, which we call copy-and-paste. IS91...

  8. Considerations and concerting on the european directive transposition to the internal gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the directive 98/30/CE transposition on the the gas internal market, a report has been asked by the First Ministry to define the new form of the gas utilities. The directive deals with the competition opening. The first part presents the gas market organization in France, today and after the transposition. The second part analyses the big stakes of this transposition. (A.L.B)

  9. Autonomic nerves in pulmonary veins

    OpenAIRE

    Tan, Alex Y; CHEN, PENG-SHENG; Chen, Lan S; Fishbein, Michael C

    2006-01-01

    Rapid repetitive activities arising from pulmonary veins may initiate atrial fibrillation. The basis of these rapid repetitive activities remains unclear, but recent evidence suggests that the autonomic nervous system plays an important role in their formation. Pulmonary veins and the adjoining left atrium are highly innervated structures. This review summarizes recent developments in the understanding of the anatomy of autonomic nerves in and around pulmonary veins and their implications for...

  10. Repellent Activities of the Essential Oils of Four Sudanese Accessions of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Against Anopheles Mosquito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azhari H. Nour

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. of the Labiatae is an important culinary herb and essential oil source widely recognized worldwide, though much less in Sudan. The essential oil of 4 basil accessions were assessed for mosquito repellency were suggested. Basil seed accessions were collected as seeds and grown at the University of Gezira farm, Wad Medani, Sudan. All four essential oil conferred complete mosquito repellency (assayed by the human-bait technique lasting for 1.5 to 2.5 h per one application of 0.1 mL to a volunteer’s arm. Repellency generally decreased with bioassay time. The experimental results obtained from this study suggest that essential oil of basil are promising as repellents at 0.1% concentration against Anopheles mosquito and could be useful in the search for new natural repellent compounds.

  11. Neuroanatomical correlates of musical transposition in adolescents: A longitudinal approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary ElizabethSutherland

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Musicians are trained in melodic transposition, the skill of extracting the pitch interval structure and moving it into different keys. This ability to recognize whether a melody is the same or altered when it is played back in a different key is correlated with both greater neural activation and cortical thickness in bilateral intraparietal sulcus (IPS. Musical training only explains part of this finding, suggesting that the ability to transpose a melody may have innate predispositions. The current study was designed to address this question: Are the anatomical correlates of musical transposition already present in non-musician children at age 14.5? If so, is there any evidence that those traits were already in place at earlier ages? To answer this question, we recruited 47 adolescents (age 14.5 years from a longitudinal study and tested them on a melodic transposition task. These adolescents had already undergone anatomical MRI imaging at the ages of 10, 11.5, 13, and 14.5 years. They were tested on the transposition task at age 14.5. During this visit, we found a relationship between cortical thickness in left IPS and performance on the transposed melody task in the girls and not the boys; no such relationship was observed at any of the earlier ages. Girls reach more advanced staged of pubertal maturation earlier than boys, it is possible that the relationship between cortical thickness in IPS and skill at melodic transposition only emerges once the brain has reached a certain degree of maturity. This claim is supported by a lack of similar sex differences in the adults: the degree of correlation between cortical thickness and performance on the same transposed melody task did not differ between men and women in a previous study. Thus, our results suggest that the relationship between cortical thickness and the ability to transpose a melody is not fixed, and that the effects observed in adults are neither due exclusively to training nor to predisposition.

  12. Identification of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. basilici isolated from soil, basil seed, and plants by RAPD analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Chiocchetti, Annalisa; Ghignone, Stefano; Minuto, Andrea; Gullino, Maria Lodovica; Garibaldi, Angelo; Migheli, Quirico

    1999-01-01

    Fifty-two isolates of Fusarium oxysporum, obtained from infected basil plants, seed, flower residues, and soil from different growing areas in Italy and Israel, were analyzed by random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction (RAPD-PCR), coupled to a DNA extraction protocol from colonies grown on Fusarium-selective medium. In a pathogenicity assay, 35 isolates caused 32 to 92% disease on seedlings of the highly susceptible basil cultivar Fine verde, while 17 isolates...

  13. Characterisation of organic and conventional sweet basil leaves using chromatographic and flow-injection mass spectrometric (FIMS) fingerprints combined with principal component analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yingjian; Gao, Boyan; Chen, Pei; Charles, Denys; Yu, Liangli Lucy

    2014-07-01

    Sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum, is one of the most important and wildly used spices and has been shown to have antioxidant, antibacterial, and anti-diarrheal activities. In this study, high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) and flow-injection mass spectrometric (FIMS) fingerprinting techniques were used to differentiate organic and conventional sweet basil leaf samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) of the fingerprints indicated that both HPLC and FIMS fingerprints could effectively detect the chemical differences in the organic and conventional sweet basil leaf samples. This study suggested that the organic basil sample contained greater concentrations of almost all the major compounds than its conventional counterpart on a per same botanical weight basis. The FIMS method was able to rapidly differentiate the organic and conventional sweet basil leaf samples (1min analysis time), whereas the HPLC fingerprints provided more information about the chemical composition of the basil samples with a longer analytical time. PMID:24518341

  14. Infrared imaging of varicose veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noordmans, Herke Jan; de Zeeuw, Raymond; Verdaasdonk, Ruud M.; Wittens, Cees H. A.

    2004-06-01

    It has been established that varicose veins are better visualized with infrared photography. As near-infrared films are nowadays hard to get and to develop in the digital world, we investigated the use of digital photography of varicose veins. Topics that are discussed are illumination setup, photography and digital image enhancement and analysis.

  15. Leiomyosarcoma of the renal vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemos Gustavo C.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Leiomyosarcoma of the renal vein is a rare tumor of complex diagnosis. We presented a case of renal vein leiomyosarcoma detected in a routine study. The primary treatment was complete surgical removal of the mass. In cases where surgical removal is not possible the prognosis is poor, with high rates of local recurrence and distant spread.

  16. Retalho venoso unipediculado transposto comparado ao não transposto: estudo experimental em coelhos / Evaluation of unipediculated venous flap with and without transposition

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo Benjamim Duarte da, Silva; Daniel Pundek, Tenius; Luis, Vialle; Rogério, Bittencourt; Josuê de, Paula; Fernando Hintz, Greca; Anne Karoline, Groth; Carolina Gomes, Gonçalves.

    Full Text Available Retalhos venosos são aqueles que apresentam em seu pedículo apenas uma veia, diferente dos retalhos convencionais que são caracterizados por entrada de sangue arterial e saída de sangue venoso. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar se a transposição do retalho venoso unipediculado modifica a sua [...] área de sobrevida e vascularização. As orelhas de oito coelhos foram submetidas à realização de retalhos venosos. Dissecou-se um retalho de pele de dois por dois centímetros baseado no pedículo distal da veia marginal anterior. Os retalhos foram divididos em dois grupos: no grupo I(n=8), os retalhos venosos foram levantados e suturados na mesma posição; no grupo II (n=8), os retalhos foram levantados e transpostos 90 graus. Estes dois grupos foram comparados entre si e ao grupo III(n=8), no qual foi realizado enxerto de pele com subcutâneo sobre um leito bem vascularizado. A área média de necrose no grupo I (6,5%) foi significativamente menor que no grupo II (43,75%), e as áreas de necrose dos grupos I e II foram significativamente menor do que no grupo III (88,75%). O estudo angiográfico não mostrou alterações no padrão vascular comparando-se os grupos I e II. A veia marginal anterior foi importante para a sobrevida do retalho. Houve uma maior área de necrose do grupo II, em que foi realizada transposição, em relação ao grupo I. Abstract in english Conventional flaps are caracterized by arterial blood inflow and venous blood outflow. Venous flaps have only one vein in their pedicle. Determination of survival area and vascularization in transpositioned venous flaps is the aim of this study. A 2x2 cm² skin flap, based in the distal pedicle of an [...] terior marginal vein, was performed in 8 rabbits ears. The flaps were divided in two groups: group I (n=8)-the flaps were elevated are fixated in the same position.; group II (n=8)-the flaps were elevated and transpositioned in 90°. These two groups were compared in between and with group III (n=8), in which was performed a skin graft. Necrosis mean area in group I (6,5%) was smaller than in group II (43,5%), and in both groups I and II was smaller than group III (88,75%). Angiography didn't alterations in vascular pattern comparing groups I and II. Anterior marginal vein was important for flap survival. Necrosis area in group II, which was transpositioned, was wider than in group I.

  17. The management of varicose veins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Fan; Zhang, Shiyi; Sun, Yan; Ren, Shiyan; Liu, Peng

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to review the current management modalities for varicose veins. There are a variety of management modalities for varicose veins. The outcomes of the treatment of varicose veins are different. The papers on the management of varicose veins were reviewed and the postoperative complications and efficacy were compared. Foam sclerotherapy and radiofrequency ablation were associated with less pain and faster recovery than endovenous laser ablation and surgical stripping. Patients undergoing endovenous laser ablation and radiofrequency ablation are most likely to have a faster recovery time and earlier return to work in comparison with those undergoing conventional high ligation and stripping. A randomized controlled study in multiple centers is warranted to verify which approach is better than others for the treatment of varicose veins. PMID:25594661

  18. Root internalization, transport and in-planta survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Newport in sweet basil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorbatsevich, Elena; Sela Saldinger, Shlomo; Pinto, Riky; Bernstein, Nirit

    2013-02-01

    It is now acknowledged that food-borne pathogens present in the irrigation water or soil can become associated with crop plants in the field, penetrate internal plant tissues via the root, translocate and survive inside plants. Only little information is available concerning interaction between enteric pathogens and plants. The present study evaluated the potential for contamination of the aromatic plant, sweet basil during cultivation, by Salmonella enterica serovar Newport. Root internalization was plant-age-dependent, with the highest susceptibility occurring at the beginning of the rapid growth phase of the root. Higher incidence of internalization was detected in vegetative than reproductive plant organs, pointing at bacterial transport in the transpiration stream. Internalized Salmonella survived only basil. PMID:23757144

  19. Endovenous removal of dislodged left renal vein stent in a patient with nutcracker syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rana, Muhammad A; Oderich, Gustavo S; Bjarnason, Haraldur

    2013-03-01

    Stent migration and dislodgment is a potential complication after endovenous stenting of the left renal vein (LRV) for nutcracker syndrome. Our purpose is to describe the technique for endovenous removal of such a dislodged stent that was used in a 36-year-old woman with nutcracker syndrome initially treated with renal vein transposition. Recurrent renal vein compression and symptoms developed and a 14 × 20-mm self-expanding stent was placed in the LRV and was noted to be dislodged into the inferior vena cava on the first post-procedure day. Through right internal jugular access, the stent was stabilized by cannulating a cell of the stent using a guide wire and an angled angiographic catheter. A 20Fr sheath was then placed via right femoral vein access into the inferior vena cava. The stent lumen was cannulated from femoral approach and the stent straightened with a stiff wire. An 18-mm angioplasty balloon was then used to capture the stent. The stent was then compressed with two 25-mm loop snares while simultaneously deflating the balloon as it was pulled into the 20Fr sheath and removed. The LRV was restented with an 18 × 40-mm self-expanding stent. Stenting of LRV for nutcracker syndrome can result in stent migration. Endovenous removal of such a dislodged self-expanding stent is feasible. Our technique emphasizes stent stabilization with cell cannulation and capture over a larger diameter balloon. PMID:23932561

  20. Chloroplast DNA Phylogeography of Holy Basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) in Indian Subcontinent

    OpenAIRE

    Felix Bast; Pooja Rani; Devendra Meena

    2014-01-01

    Ocimum tenuiflorum L., holy basil “Tulsi”, is an important medicinal plant that is being grown and traditionally revered throughout Indian Subcontinent for thousands of years; however, DNA sequence-based genetic diversity of this aromatic herb is not yet known. In this report, we present our studies on the phylogeography of this species using trnL-trnF intergenic spacer of plastid genome as the DNA barcode for isolates from Indian subcontinent. Our pairwise distance analyses indicated tha...

  1. Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Colombia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Amparo, Viña; Elizabeth, Murillo.

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Foi analizada a composição do óleo esencial das partes aéreas de doze variedades de alfavaca (Ocimum spp). A análise foi feita por cromatografía gasosa-espectrometria de massas (CG-EM) e encontrou-se que dez das amostras foram caracterizadas pela presença de uma alta porcentagem de cinamato de metil [...] a (35-80%), o qual define o químiotipo destas variedades. Somente uma das variedades apresentou o químiotipo cariofileno e mais uma o químiotipo linalol. As variedades "crespa morada", "virgen pequeña", e "virgen morada" apresentam o subtipo cinamato > linalol. A "blanca compacta" e a "crespa blanca" têm o subtipo cinamato de metila > linalol > 1,8-cineol. A "castilla morada" têm o subtipo cinamato de metila > metil eugenol. O subtipo linalol > cinamato de metila foi apresentado pela "verde de folhas grandes". Cariofileno > metil eugenol foi o subtipo da alfavaca "clavo". Cinamato de metila (constituindo mais do 62% do total do óleo esencial) foi o químiotipo para as outras variedades: "canela", "querendona morada", "dulce de castilla" e "zancona morada". Abstract in english Essential oil compositions of aerial parts from twelve basil cultivars (Ocimum spp) were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ten of them were characterized by the presence of a high percentage of methyl cinnamate (35-80%), which defined the chemotype for these varieties. Only o [...] ne presented the caryophyllene chemotype and another, the linalool chemotype. Three of the basils, "purple ruffles", "little virgin" and "purple virgin" exhibited the methyl cinnamate > linalool subtype. "White compact" and "white ruffles" showed the methyl cinnamate > linalool > 1,8-cineole subtype. Methyl cinnamate > methyl eugenol was the subtype for "purple castle". The variety "large green leaves" exhibited the linalool > methyl cinnamate subtype. Caryophyllene > methyl eugenol subtype was determined for "clove basil". The rest of the basils "cinnamon", "purple lovingly", "sweet castle" and "purple long-legged", belonged to the methyl cinnamate chemotype in which methyl cinnamate constituted more than 62% of the total essential oil content.

  2. Effect of silica Nanoparticles on Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Under Salinity Stress

    OpenAIRE

    Manizheh Kalteh; Zarrin Taj Alipour; Shahram Ashraf; Maryam Marashi Aliabadi; Alireza Falah Nosratabadi

    2014-01-01

    Application of nanofertilizers is one of the promising methods for increasing resources use efficiency and reducing environmental pollutions. Uncontrolled application of chemical fertilizer and pesticides has caused many problems to human health and domestic animals. Nanofertilizers application could be a suitable way to reduce these problems. Accordingly, in order to assess the silicon nanoparticles effect on some vegetative features of basil under salinity stress, a factorial experiment bas...

  3. Chemical Analysis of Flaxseed, Sweet Basil, Dragon Head and Quince Seed Mucilages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Mucilage, a complex carbohydrate with a great capacity to absorb water, should be considered a potential source of industrial hydrocolloid.To examine moisture, dry weight, yield, ash and protein content, mucilaginous material were extracted from seeds by mixing the seeds with distilled water (1:20 w/v, stirring the seed-water mixtures for 3 h at 75�C, separating the mucilage extract from the seeds by filtration through a muslin and were precipitated with 3 times its volumes of 96% ethanol. The precipitates were separated by centrifugation (6500 rpm, 15 min. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test and compared in one significant levels of p< 0.05. The linseed mucilage had 4.57% moisture, 95.43% dry weight, 8.6% yield, 5.8% ash and 12.3% protein. The basil mucilage had 4.86% moisture, 95.14% dry weight, 2.07% yield, 0.84% ash and 10.9% protein. The dragon head mucilage had 4.93% moisture, 95.06% dry weight, 1.88% yield, 0.28% ash and 45.7% protein. The quince mucilage had 4.38% moisture, 95.62% dry weight, 10.9% yield, 8.24% ash and 20.9% protein. Results showed significant differences in yield mucilage content between flaxseed and quince with together and with basil and dragon head. Significant differences in ash content were observed between flaxseed and quince with basil and dragon head. The dragon head had significant difference in protein content with flaxseed, basil and quince.

  4. Efficacy of wash solutions in recovering Cyclospora cayetanensis, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Toxoplasma gondii from basil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Venessa; Torres, Maria; Ortega, Ynés R

    2014-08-01

    Parasitic diseases can be acquired by ingestion of contaminated raw or minimally processed fresh produce (herbs and fruits). The sensitivity of methods used to detect parasites on fresh produce depends in part on the efficacy of wash solutions in removing them from suspect samples. In this study, six wash solutions (sterile E-Pure water, 3% levulinic acid-3% sodium dodecyl sulfate, 1 M glycine, 0.1 M phosphate-buffered saline, 0.1% Alconox, and 1% HCl-pepsin) were evaluated for their effectiveness in removing Cyclospora cayetanensis, Cryptosporidium parvum, and Toxoplasma gondii from basil. One hundred or 1,000 oocysts of these parasites were inoculated onto the adaxial surfaces of 25 g of basil leaves, placed in stomacher bags, and stored for 1 h at 21°C or 24 h at 4°C. Leaves were hand washed in each wash solution for 1 min. DNA was extracted from the wash solutions and amplified using PCR for the detection of all parasites. Oocysts inoculated at a concentration of 1,000 oocysts per 25 g of basil were detected in all wash solutions. At an inoculum concentration of 100 oocysts per 25 g, oocysts were detected in 18.5 to 92.6% of the wash solutions. The lowest variability in recovering oocysts from basil inoculated with 100 oocysts was observed in 1% HCl-pepsin wash solution. Oocyst recovery rates were higher at 1 h than at 24 h postinoculation. Unlike most bacteria, parasites cannot be enriched; therefore, an optimal recovery process for oocysts from suspected foods is critical. The observations in this study provide guidance concerning the selection of wash solutions giving the highest retrieval of parasite oocysts. PMID:25198596

  5. Seed Germination and Early Growth Responses of Hyssop, Sweet Basil and Oregano to Temperature Levels

    OpenAIRE

    Mijani, Sajad; Eskandari Nasrabadi, Samieh; Zarghani, Hadi; Ghias Abadi, Mohhamad

    2013-01-01

    The objectives of this survey were to determine the effect of temperature on germination and seedling growth of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.), Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and Oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) (Lamiaceae family) as well as comparing species regarding germination behavior and growth characteristics. Seeds were germinated on a temperature-gradient bar varying between 5 and 40 °C (with 5 °C intervals). Results indicated that the highest germination percentage of hyssop (92...

  6. Vein type uranium deposits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Veins are tabular- or sheet-like masses of minerals occupying or following a fracture or a set of fractures in the enclosing rock. They have been formed later than the country rock and fractures, either by filling of the open spaces or by partial or complete replacement of the adjoining rock or most commonly by both of these processes combined. This volume begins with the occurrences and deposits known from old shield areas and the sedimentary belts surrounding them. They are followed by papers describing the European deposits mostly of Variscan age, and by similar deposits known from China being of Jurassic age. The volume is completed by two papers which do not fit exactly in the given scheme. A separate abstract was prepared for each of the 25 papers in this report

  7. Varicose Veins - Sclerotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patient Education Institute

    This patient education program explains the benefits and risks of sclerotherapy for varicose veins. It also reviews the anatomy of the cardiovascular system, symptoms, causes, preventive measures, what the procedure involves, and possible complications. This resource is a MedlinePlus Interactive Health Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine, designed and developed by the Patient Education Institute. NOTE: This tutorial requires a special Flash plug-in, version 4 or above. If you do not have Flash, you will be prompted to obtain a free download of the software before you start the tutorial. You will also need an Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, in order to view the Reference Summary.

  8. Midterm results after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries: a single centre experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Popov Aron Frederik

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The arterial switch operation (ASO has become the surgical approach of choice for d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA. There is, however an increased incidence of midterm and longterm adverse sequelae in some survivors. In order to evaluate operative risk and midterm outcome in this population, we reviewed patients who underwent ASO for TGA at our centre. Methods In this retrospective study 52 consecutive patients with TGA who underwent ASO between 04/1991 and 12/1999 were included. To analyze the predictors for mortality and adverse events (coronary stenoses, distortion of the pulmonary arteries, dilatation of the neoaortic root, and aortic regurgitation, a multivariate analysis was performed. The follow-up time was ranged from 1–10?years (mean 5?years, cumulative 260 patient-years. Results All over mortality rate was 15.4% and was only observed in the early postoperative period till 1994. The predictors for poor operative survival were low APGAR-score, older age at surgery, and necessity of associated surgical procedures. Late re-operations were necessary in 6 patients (13.6% and included a pulmonary artery patch enlargement due to supravalvular stenosis (n?=?3, coronary revascularisation due to coronary stenosis in a coronary anatomy type E, aortic valve replacement due to neoaortic valve regurgitation (n?=?2, and patch-plasty of a pulmonary vein due to obstruction (n?=?1. The dilatation of neoaortic root was not observed in the follow up. Conclusions ASO remains the procedure of choice for TGA with acceptable early and late outcome in terms of overall survival and freedom of reoperation. Although ASO is often complex and may be associated with morbidity, most patients survived without major complications even in a small centre.

  9. Induction of single transpositions of mobile genetic elements in Drosophila melanogaster using mitomycin C

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Injection of mitomycin C intra-abdominally into males of stable laboratory lines of Drosophila melanogaster causes the appearance of various mutational events at a number of loci of the X-chromosome in offspring. It is shown that they are the result of transpositions of mobile genetic elements. These events are single and are not the result of transposition bursts

  10. Relational Learning in a Context of Transposition: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Lazareva, Olga F.

    2012-01-01

    In a typical transposition task, an animal is presented with a single pair of stimuli (for example, S3+ S4?, where plus and minus denote reward and nonreward and digits denote stimulus location on a sensory dimension such as size). Subsequently, an animal is presented with a testing pair that contains a previously reinforced or nonreinforced stimulus and a novel stimulus (for example, S2–S3 and S4–S5). Does the choice of a novel S2 instead of previously reinforced S3 in a testing pair S...

  11. Transcutaneous intravascular transposition of a permanent dialysis catheter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piecuch, Jerzy; Wiewióra, Maciej; Jache?, Wojciech; Szrot, Monika; Krzak, Albert

    2014-09-01

    Permanent catheters are used to provide long-lasting access for long-term dialysis therapy in certain patients when creating an arteriovenous fistula between their own vessels is not possible, when there are contraindications for fistula creation or when the expected lifetime of the patient is short. We present the case of a patient with terminal renal insufficiency treated with hemodialysis for 5 years. Due to post-thrombotic changes and venous stenosis resulting from long-term cannulation with dialysis catheters, the replacement catheter was inserted through the previously used canal and transcutaneous intravascular catheter transposition was performed. PMID:25337180

  12. Nucleotide sequences required for Tn3 transposition immunity.

    OpenAIRE

    Kans, J A; Casadaban, M J

    1989-01-01

    The Tn3 transposon inserts at a reduced frequency into a plasmid already containing a copy of Tn3, a phenomenon known as transposition immunity. The cis-acting site on Tn3 responsible for immunity was mapped by deletions from each side to be within the terminal 38-base-pair sequence that is inversely repeated at the ends of Tn3. Two palindromic sequences are present in the essential part of this region. Some deletions conferred only partial immunity, and others conferred negative immunity. Mu...

  13. Photoprotection by foliar anthocyanins mitigates effects of boron toxicity in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landi, Marco; Guidi, Lucia; Pardossi, Alberto; Tattini, Massimiliano; Gould, Kevin S

    2014-11-01

    Boron (B) toxicity is an important agricultural problem in arid environments. Excess edaphic B compromises photosynthetic efficiency, limits growth and reduces crop yield. However, some purple-leafed cultivars of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) exhibit greater tolerance to high B concentrations than do green-leafed cultivars. We hypothesised that foliar anthocyanins protect basil leaf mesophyll from photo-oxidative stress when chloroplast function is compromised by B toxicity. Purple-leafed 'Red Rubin' and green-leafed 'Tigullio' cultivars, grown with high or negligible edaphic B, were given a photoinhibitory light treatment. Possible effects of photoabatement by anthocyanins were simulated by superimposing a purple polycarbonate filter on the green leaves. An ameliorative effect of light filtering on photosynthetic quantum yield and on photo-oxidative load was observed in B-stressed plants. In addition, when green protoplasts from both cultivars were treated with B and illuminated through a screen of anthocyanic protoplasts or a polycarbonate film which approximated cyanidin-3-O-glucoside optical properties, the degree of photoinhibition, hydrogen peroxide production, and malondialdehyde content were reduced. The data provide evidence that anthocyanins exert a photoprotective role in purple-leafed basil mesophyll cells, thereby contributing to improved tolerance to high B concentrations. PMID:24903358

  14. Sagittal vein thrombosis caused by central vein catheter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabzi, Feridoun; Karim, Hosein; Heydar Pour, Behzad; Faraji, Reza

    2015-03-01

    Cerebral venous thrombosis, including thrombosis of cerebral veins and major dural sinuses, is an uncommon disorder in the general population. However, it has a higher frequency among patients younger than 40 years of age, patients with thrombophilia, pregnant patients or those receiving hormonal contraceptive therapy or has foreign body such as catheter in their veins or arterial system. In this case report, we described clinical and radiological findings in a patient with protein C-S deficiency and malposition of central vein catheter. PMID:25796028

  15. In vitro propagation of the medicinal herbs Ocimum americanum L. syn. O. canum Sims. (hoary basil) and Ocimum sanctum L. (holy basil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattnaik, S; Chand, P K

    1996-08-01

    A procedure is outlined for in vitro propagation of two medicinal herbs, Ocimum americanum L. syn. O. canum Sims (hoary basil) and Ocimum sanctum L. (holy basil), using axillary shoot buds. Multiple shoot formation was induced from shoot bud explants of both species on Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) supplemented with benzyladenine (BA). The optimum BA concentrations for shoot proliferation were 0.25 mg/l for O. americanum and 1.0 mg/l for O. sanctum. Incorporation of 0.5 mg/l gibberellic acid (GA3) along with BA in the culture medium resulted in a marked increase in the frequency of axillary branching as well as multiple shoot formation. Shoot buds collected between September through December were most responsive in culture. Shoots of O. americanum were rooted on half-strength MS supplemented with 1.0 mg/l indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), whereas O. sanctum rooted best on medium with 1.0 mg/l naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). The plantlets were hardened off and successfully established in natural soil, where they grew and matured normally. PMID:24178222

  16. Toxicity of basil oil constituents and related compounds and the efficacy of spray formulations to Dermatophagoides farinae (Acari: Pyroglyphidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perumalsamy, Haribalan; Kim, Jae Yeon; Kim, Jun-Ran; Hwang, Kum Na Ra; Ahn, Young-Joon

    2014-05-01

    Pyroglyphid house dust mites are the most common cause of allergic symptoms in humans. An assessment was made of the toxicity of basil, Ocimum basilicum L, essential oil, 11 basil oil constituents, seven structurally related compounds, and another 22 previously known basil oil constituents to adult American house dust mites, Dermatophagoides farinae Hughes. The efficacy of four experimental spray formulations containing basil oil (1, 2, 3, and 4% sprays) was also assessed. Results were compared with those of two conventional acaricides benzyl benzoate and N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide. The active principles of basil oil were determined to be citral, alpha-terpineol, and linalool. Citral (24 h LC50, 1.13 microg/cm2) and menthol (1.69 microg/cm2) were the most toxic compounds, followed by methyl eugenol (5.78 microg/cm2). These compounds exhibited toxicity greater than benzyl benzoate (LC50, 8.41 microg/cm2) and N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (37.67 microg/cm2). Potent toxicity was also observed with eugenol, menthone, spathulenol, alpha-terpineol, nerolidol, zerumbone, and nerol (LC50, 12.52-21.44 microg/cm2). Interestingly, the sesquiterpenoid alpha-humulene, lacking only the carbonyl group present in zerumbone, was significantly less effective than zerumbone, indicating that the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group of zerumbone is a prerequisite component for toxicity. These compounds were consistently more toxic in closed versus open containers, indicating that their mode of delivery was largely a result of vapor action. Basil oil applied as 3 and 4% sprays provided 97 and 100% mortality against the mites, respectively, whereas permethrin (cis:trans, 25:75) 2.5 g/liter spray treatment resulted in 17% mortality. Our results indicate that practical dust mite control in indoor environments can be achieved by basil oil spray formulations (3 and 4% sprays) as potential contact-action fumigants. PMID:24897858

  17. Vein matching using artificial neural network in vein authentication systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noori Hoshyar, Azadeh; Sulaiman, Riza

    2011-10-01

    Personal identification technology as security systems is developing rapidly. Traditional authentication modes like key; password; card are not safe enough because they could be stolen or easily forgotten. Biometric as developed technology has been applied to a wide range of systems. According to different researchers, vein biometric is a good candidate among other biometric traits such as fingerprint, hand geometry, voice, DNA and etc for authentication systems. Vein authentication systems can be designed by different methodologies. All the methodologies consist of matching stage which is too important for final verification of the system. Neural Network is an effective methodology for matching and recognizing individuals in authentication systems. Therefore, this paper explains and implements the Neural Network methodology for finger vein authentication system. Neural Network is trained in Matlab to match the vein features of authentication system. The Network simulation shows the quality of matching as 95% which is a good performance for authentication system matching.

  18. Solution conformations of early intermediates in Mos1 transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuypers, Maxime G; Trubitsyna, Maryia; Callow, Philip; Forsyth, V Trevor; Richardson, Julia M

    2013-02-01

    DNA transposases facilitate genome rearrangements by moving DNA transposons around and between genomes by a cut-and-paste mechanism. DNA transposition proceeds in an ordered series of nucleoprotein complexes that coordinate pairing and cleavage of the transposon ends and integration of the cleaved ends at a new genomic site. Transposition is initiated by transposase recognition of the inverted repeat sequences marking each transposon end. Using a combination of solution scattering and biochemical techniques, we have determined the solution conformations and stoichiometries of DNA-free Mos1 transposase and of the transposase bound to a single transposon end. We show that Mos1 transposase is an elongated homodimer in the absence of DNA and that the N-terminal 55 residues, containing the first helix-turn-helix motif, are required for dimerization. This arrangement is remarkably different from the compact, crossed architecture of the dimer in the Mos1 paired-end complex (PEC). The transposase remains elongated when bound to a single-transposon end in a pre-cleavage complex, and the DNA is bound predominantly to one transposase monomer. We propose that a conformational change in the single-end complex, involving rotation of one half of the transposase along with binding of a second transposon end, could facilitate PEC assembly. PMID:23262225

  19. Storm Transposition- a Tool for Climate Change Adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, K. W.; Hayden, N.; Liebl, D.

    2014-12-01

    For much of the world, climate models predict significant increases in the magnitude and frequency of extreme rainfalls. As a result communities are being encouraged to identify and reduce their vulnerability to extreme rainfalls. However, climate model projections of precipitation vary greatly across models. While there exist strategies for accommodating uncertainties in climate model projections, for various reasons seems unlikely that state and local governments will use any of them. For communities that have not experienced extreme storms in recent memory, useful information on their vulnerability can be obtained by hydrologic modeling based on high-resolution rainfall data from one or more extreme storms that have occurred elsewhere in the region. This approach, called storm transposition, was developed in the early 20th century when hydrologic times series were relatively short, and is still used today to estimate Probable Maximum Flood discharges for designing emergency spillways for hazardous dams. We present examples of the use of storm transposition for evaluating extreme rainfall vulnerabilities in Dane County, Wisconsin. Our findings suggest that state and local decision-makers are very receptive to using this approach to anticipate and adapt to impacts from extreme rainfall events.

  20. Leiomyosarcoma of the Adrenal Vein

    OpenAIRE

    I-Hung Shao; Wei-Chen Lee; Tai-Di Chen; Yang-Jen Chiang

    2012-01-01

    Leiomyosarcoma of the adrenal gland is extremely rare in the literature. We present a patient with an adrenal leiomyosarcoma originating from the adrenal vein, the pathologic findings and management. A 66-year-old man who was a hepatitis B virus carrier was found to have a huge left suprarenal mass on sonography and computed axial tomography. A huge tumor in the left suprarenal area with a markedly engorged adrenal vein was found during an adrenalectomy. The tumor thrombus extended into the r...

  1. Transposition of the retrotransposon MAGGY in heterologous species of filamentous fungi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayashiki, H; Kiyotomi, K; Tosa, Y; Mayama, S

    1999-10-01

    MAGGY is a gypsy-like LTR retrotransposon isolated from the blast fungus Pyricularia grisea (teleomorph, Magnaporthe grisea). We examined transposition of MAGGY in three P. grisea isolates (wheat, finger millet, and crabgrass pathogen), which did not originally possess a MAGGY element, and in two heterologous species of filamentous fungi, Colletotrichum lagenarium and P. zingiberi. Genomic Southern analysis of MAGGY transformants suggested that transposition of MAGGY occurred in all filamentous fungi tested. In contrast, no transposition was observed in any transformants with a modified MAGGY containing a 513-bp deletion in the reverse transcriptase domain. When a MAGGY derivative carrying an artificial intron was introduced into the wheat isolate of P. grisea and C. lagenarium, loss of the intron was observed. These results showed that MAGGY can undergo autonomous RNA-mediated transposition in heterologous filamentous fungi. The frequency of transposition differed among fungal species. MAGGY transposed actively in the wheat isolate of P. grisea and P. zingiberi, but transposition in C. lagenarium appeared to be rare. This is the first report that demonstrates active transposition of a fungal transposable element in heterologous hosts. Possible usage of MAGGY as a genetic tagging tool in filamentous fungi is discussed. PMID:10511549

  2. Palm Vein Verification Using Gabor Filter

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Mohsin Al-Juboori

    2013-01-01

    Palm vein authentication is one of the modern biometric techniques, which employs the vein pattern in the human palm to verify the person. The merits of palm vein on classical biometric (e.g. fingerprint, iris, face) are a low risk of falsification, difficulty of duplicated and stability. In this research, a new method is proposed for personal verification based on palm vein features. In the propose method, the palm vein images are firstly enhanced and then the features are extracted by using...

  3. The genotoxic potential in vitro and in vivo of the allyl benzene etheric oils estragole, basil oil and trans-anethole.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, L; Kasper, P; Müller-Tegethoff, K; Petr, T

    1994-12-01

    Estragole, trans-anethole and basil oil were tested for their ability to induce DNA repair in rat hepatocytes in vitro and in rat liver in an ex vivo test. There was a marked induction of UDS by estragole and basil oil in vitro (LOEC about 10(-5) mol/l). The basil oil we used contained about 88.2% estragole. It is evident from our results that the induction of UDS with basil oil could be directly related to its main constituent estragole. trans-Anethole was only slightly effective in the in vitro UDS test. The ex vivo UDS test led to clearly elevated DNA repair for estragole and basil oil in rats treated orally with doses up to 2 g/kg body weight. Estragole was not positive in a chromosomal aberration test with V79 cells either via direct treatment, with rat liver S9 mix or with rat hepatocytes as source of metabolism. PMID:7527904

  4. Transposition of Mandibular Lateral Incisor–Canine (Mn.I2.C) Associated with Hypodontia: A Review and Rare Clinical Case

    OpenAIRE

    Venkataraghavan, Karthik; Athimuthu, Anantharaj; Prasanna, Praveen; Jagadeesh, Ramya B

    2014-01-01

    Transposition is a unique and extreme form of ectopic eruption in which a permanent tooth develops and erupts in the position which is normally occupied by other permanent teeth. Tooth transpositions are rare and they can be complete or incomplete. The aetiology of transposition is still obscure. Various populations have been studied, to determine the prevalence of tooth transpositions. 20% of the transpositions which occur on the maxillary arch involve the canine and the lateral incisor. Alt...

  5. An epistemological perspective on the didactical transposition of Gaia theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina de Lima-Tavares

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of larger scope project in which the scientificity of the Gaia theory is analysed, intending to contribute towards a critical appraisal or the role that such a theory might have in biology teaching and in approaching the "environment" transversal theme. The Gaia theory proposes that the biosphere acts as na adaptative control system, keeping the earth in homeostasis. Some authors have proposed that this theory should be incorporated in the school curriculum. In Brazil, it already appears in some biology textbooks. The scientificity of this theory is questioned in this paper, given that its didactical transposition should be suported by a previous demonstration of its scientific nature.

  6. Transposition driven genomic heterogeneity in the Drosophila brain*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrat, Paola N.; DasGupta, Shamik; Wang, Jie; Theurkauf, William; Weng, Zhiping; Rosbash, Michael; Waddell, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Recent studies in mammals have documented neural expression and mobility of retrotransposons and suggested that neural genomes are diverse mosaics. Here we report transposition in memory-relevant neurons in the Drosophila brain. Cell-type specific gene expression profiling revealed transposon expression is more abundant in mushroom body (MB) ?? neurons than in neighboring MB neurons. The PIWI-RNA (piRNA) proteins Aubergine and Argonaute 3, known to suppress transposons in the fly germline, are expressed in the brain and appear less abundant in ?? MB neurons. Loss of piRNA proteins correlates with elevated transposon expression in brain. Lastly, paired-end deep sequencing identified over 200 de novo transposon insertions in ?? neurons, including events into memory-relevant loci. Our observations indicate that genomic heterogeneity is a conserved feature of the brain. PMID:23559253

  7. Sorting by reversals, generalized transpositions, and translocations using permutation groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yen-Lin; Lu, Chin Lung

    2010-05-01

    In this article, we consider the problem of sorting a linear/circular, multi-chromosomal genome by reversals, block-interchanges (i.e., generalized transpositions), and translocations (including fusions and fissions) where the used operations can be weighted differently, which aims to find a sequence of reversal, block-interchange, and translocation operations such that the sum of these operation weights in the sequence is minimum. It is known that this sorting problem can be solved in polynomial time on the basis of breakpoint graphs, when block-interchanges are weighted 2 (or >or=3) and the others are weighted 1. In this study, we design a novel and easily implemented algorithm for this problem by utilizing the permutation group theory in algebra. PMID:20500022

  8. Antifungal activity of the basil (Ocimmum basilicum L. extract on Penicillium aurantiogriseum, P. glabrum, P. chrysogenum, and P. brevicompactum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koci?-Tanackov Sun?ica D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at investigating the antifungal potential of basil (Ocimmum basilicum L. extract against toxin-producing Penicillium spp. (P. aurantiogriseum, P. glabrum, P. chrysogenum, and P. brevicompactum isolated from food. The basil extract composition was determined by the GC-MS method. The major component identified in the extract was estragole (86.72%. The determination of the antifungal activity of basil extract on Penicillium spp. was performed using the agar plate method. Basil extract reduced the growth of Penicillium spp. at all applied concentration levels (0.16, 0.35, 0.70, and 1.50 mL/100mL with the colony growth inhibition from 3.6 (for P. glabrum to 100% (for P. chrysogenum. The highest sensitivity showed P. chrysogenum, where the growth was completely inhibited at the basil extract concentration of 1.50 mL/100mL. The growth of other Penicillium spp. was partially inhibited with the colony growth inhibition of 63.4 % (P. brevicompactum, 67.5% (P. aurantiogriseum, and 71.7% (P. glabrum. Higher concentrations (0.70 and 1.50 mL/100mL reduced the growth of the aerial mycelium of all tested Penicillium species. In addition, at the same extract concentrations, the examination of microscopic preparation showed the deformation of hyphae with the frequent occurrence of fragmentations and thickenings, occurrence of irregular vesicle, frequently without metulae and phialides, enlarged metulae. The results obtained in this investigation point to the possibility of using basil extract for the antifungal food protection. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR-31017

  9. A Study of the Essential Oils of Four Sudanese Accessions of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Against Anopheles Mosquito Larvae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azhari H. Nour

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Certain basil essential oils were claimed to have a larvicidal activity towards mosquito's larvae. To test this claim the essential oils of four accessions of basil grown in Sudan were selected and tested for Anopheles larvae. Malaria is the major health problem in the Sudan and the whole country is now considered endemic, with varying degrees, about 35,000 deaths every year due to malaria. Anopheles mosquito is the major vector of malaria disease in Sudan. Search for larvicidal active compound(s is one of several attempts to fine effective and affordable ways to control this mosquito. To determine the toxic effects of basil essential oils extracted by steam distillation against Anopheles larvae. Approach: For the larvicidal bioassay, three concentrations (100, 300, 500 ppm of essential oil solutions of four basil accessions were prepared; 1 mL of ethanol was used to solubilize the oil in water (999 mL. In each concentration of oil solution were inserted 20 larvae (third instars. A set of controls using 0.1% ethanol and untreated sets of larvae in (tap water, were also run for comparison. Data were evaluated through regression analysis, from the regression line; the LC50 values were read. The active ingredients were separated and/ or identified by TLC, IR and GC-MS. Results: Larvicidal activity of the essential oils is varied, lasted for about 9 h and thereafter decreased, LC50 values ranging from 190-300 ppm. Linalool, geraniol and eugenol are active components of basil essential oil against Anopheles larvae. Two accessions were caused 100% mortality at a concentration range 300-500 ppm for 3 h. Conclusion: These results indicated that basil essential oils have larvicidal activity towards Anopheles larvae. Therefore, could be affordable way to control this mosquito.

  10. Epidermal coumaroyl anthocyanins protect sweet basil against excess light stress: multiple consequences of light attenuation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tattini, Massimiliano; Landi, Marco; Brunetti, Cecilia; Giordano, Cristiana; Remorini, Damiano; Gould, Kevin S; Guidi, Lucia

    2014-11-01

    The putative photoprotective role of foliar anthocyanins continues to attract heated debate. Strikingly different experimental set-ups coupled with a poor knowledge of anthocyanin identity have likely contributed to such disparate opinions. Here, the photosynthetic responses to 30 or 100% solar irradiance were compared in two cultivars of basil, the green-leafed Tigullio (TG) and the purple-leafed Red Rubin (RR). Coumaroyl anthocyanins in RR leaf epidermis significantly mitigated the effects of high light stress. In full sunlight, RR leaves displayed several shade-plant traits; they transferred less energy than did TG to photosystem II (PSII), and non-photochemical quenching was lower. The higher xanthophyll cycle activity in TG was insufficient to prevent inactivation of PSII in full sunlight. However, TG was the more efficient in the shade; RR was far less able to accommodate a large change in irradiance. Investment of carbon to phenylpropanoid biosynthesis was more in RR than in TG in the shade, and was either greatly enhanced in TG or varied little in RR because of high sunlight. The metabolic cost of photoprotection was lower whereas light-induced increase in biomass production was higher in RR than in TG, thus making purple basil the more light tolerant. Purple basil appears indeed to display the conservative resource-use strategy usually observed in highly stress tolerant species. We conclude that the presence of epidermal coumaroyl anthocyanins confers protective benefits under high light, but it is associated with a reduced plasticity to accommodate changing light fluxes as compared with green leaves. PMID:24684471

  11. [Recontextualization of nursing clinical simulation based on Basil Bernstein: semiology of pedagogical practice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    dos Santos, Mateus Casanova; Leite, Maria Cecília Lorea; Heck, Rita Maria

    2010-12-01

    This is an investigative case study with descriptive and participative character, based on an educational experience with the Simulation in Nursing learning trigger. It was carried out during the second semester of the first cycle of Faculdade de Enfermagem (FEN), Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel). The aim is to study the recontextualization of pedagogic practice of simulation-based theories developed by Basil Bernstein, an education sociologist, and to contribute with the improvement process of education planning, and especially the evaluation of learning trigger. The research shows that Bernstein's theory is a powerful tool semiotic pedagogical of practices which contributes to the planning and analysis of curricular educational device. PMID:21805886

  12. Basil Bunting’s Objectivist Perspective in Poetry and Musical Association

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Parvaneh

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Basil Bunting, British poet, is one of the rare great modernists who have not been given their due or properly studied. An understanding of his work will help us understand modernism more appropriately. Reference will also be made to opponents who put sight and visuality over and above everything else in man’s effort to acquire knowledge of this world in general. The researchers in this article seek to achieve two goals in this paper. The first or the main goal is to consider the Modern English poet Basil Bunting’s Objectivist roots according to Mitchell’s paper in 2008. The second goal, which naturally emerges from the first one is to present sound play from Bunting’s own view and define them, regarding to Schott’s contributions in 2003, in a part of his long poem, Briggflatts, which lead to the kind of Aural and visual dancing. Then we will conclude , as Bunting mentions more and more, poetry is only its sound.
    Key words: Bunting; Objectivism; Poetry; Sound; Visuality; Aurality

    Résumé: Basil Bunting, poète britannique, est l'un des rares grands modernistes qui n'ont pas reçu leur dû ou n'ont pas été bien étudiés. Une bonne compréhension de son travail nous aidera à comprendre le modernisme de façon plus appropriée. Des références seront également faits pour des opposants qui ont mis la vue et la visualité au-delà de tout le reste de l'effort de l'homme d'acquérir des connaissances de ce monde en général. Les chercheurs de cet article visent à atteindre deux objectifs dans le présent document. Le premier ou le principal but est d'examiner les racines objectivistes du poète moderne anglais Basil Bunting selon le document de Mitchell en 2008. Le deuxième objectif, qui découle naturellement du première objectif est de présenter diffuser un show sonore du point de vue personnel de Bunting et les définir, en se référençant aux contributions de Schott en 2003, dans une partie de son poème long, Briggflatts, qui conduit à une sorte de bande sonore et de danse visuelle. Ensuite, nous allons conclure que, comme Bunting mentionne de plus en plus, la poésie est seulement le son.
    Mots-clés: Bunting; Objectivisme; PoÉSie; Son; VisualitÉ; Auriculaire

  13. Basil Bunting’s Objectivist Perspective in Poetry and Musical Association

    OpenAIRE

    Farid Parvaneh; Raaheleh Sadaat Araabi

    2011-01-01

    Basil Bunting, British poet, is one of the rare great modernists who have not been given their due or properly studied. An understanding of his work will help us understand modernism more appropriately. Reference will also be made to opponents who put sight and visuality over and above everything else in man’s effort to acquire knowledge of this world in general. The researchers in this article seek to achieve two goals in this paper. The first or the main goal is to consider the Modern Eng...

  14. Anatomical variations of the saphenous vein arc.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Ciucci

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available There are many anatomical variations presented by the tributaries of the saphenous vein at the saphenous – femoral junction .In anatomical texts, they are plotted as usual tributaries to the femoral vein, presentations that are not found during routine surgical practice. Knowledge of the sapheno- femoral vein junction is imperative for the surgeon when operating the venous system of lower limbs, in order to avoid accidents and prevent intraoperative varicose recurrences. The aim of the present paper is to demonstrate which of the anatomical variations of the arc of the great saphenous vein is shown more often, contributing to the description of the anatomy of the region and its name in the anatomical terminology. The present work is based on experience of one hundred dissections (n = 100 of the femoral inguinal region in human cadavers fixed with formol aqueous solution of 5% v / v, twenty (n = 20 of which were filled with latex via endovascular before its fixation. The basic scheme of the arc of the great saphenous vein receives the following tributaries: the superficial circumflex iliac vein, superficial epigastric vein [subcutaneous abdominal vein], external pudendal veins, accessory vein of the thigh [dorsal thigh], inter saphenous vein [Giacomini vein]. Inter saphenous vein was observed [Giacomini vein] in a large percentage of the sample (66%. On 77% of the cases, a single saphenous trunk was found, 22% of duplication and triplication 1%. Exceptionally small caliber veins reach the common femoral vein on its inner side, draining the pudendal region, may correspond to the third vein pudendal described by Vilanova, or a tributary of the arc that ends in isolation while the rest of the arc remains on the basic disposition. Successful surgery of the saphenous vein arc is based on an optimal anatomical knowledge of the sapheno - femoral junction, its anatomical variations and relationships.

  15. Maxillary canine-first premolar transposition in the permanent dentition: treatment considerations and a case report.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Synodinos, Philippos N

    2010-12-01

    Transposition is defined as the interchange of position between two adjacent teeth within the same quadrant of the dental arch. Permanent maxillary canine-premolar transposition is the most commonly observed transposition in the human dentition. Its prevalence is relatively low and its aetiology remains unclear, although it has been associated with genetic factors. It may also be related to a combination of localised factors such as malformation of adjacent teeth, tooth agenesis, retention of the deciduous canine and a history of local trauma. Treatment is selected on an individual case basis after thoroughly considering the overall facial and dental characteristics, duration of treatment, cost, patient preference and the orthodontist\\'s experience. This article provides a case report of maxillary canine transposition in the permanent dentition, successfully managed with orthodontic treatment.

  16. The effect of ?-irradiation on Mu DNA transposition and gene expression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To directly assay for Mu transposition potential, the authors have constructed a fully functional mini-Mu plasmid containing the transposase (A) gene of Mu fused to the lacZ gene encoding ?-galactosidase. Thus, the level of ?-galactosidase in the cell is a direct reflection of Mu transposase expression. Using this system, the authors found that ?-rays, known DNA-damaging agents, did not exhibit any stimulatory or inhibitory effects on Mu transposition or transposase expression. (Auth.)

  17. Transposition of the retrotransposon MAGGY in heterologous species of filamentous fungi.

    OpenAIRE

    Nakayashiki, H; Kiyotomi, K; Tosa, Y; Mayama, S.

    1999-01-01

    MAGGY is a gypsy-like LTR retrotransposon isolated from the blast fungus Pyricularia grisea (teleomorph, Magnaporthe grisea). We examined transposition of MAGGY in three P. grisea isolates (wheat, finger millet, and crabgrass pathogen), which did not originally possess a MAGGY element, and in two heterologous species of filamentous fungi, Colletotrichum lagenarium and P. zingiberi. Genomic Southern analysis of MAGGY transformants suggested that transposition of MAGGY occurred in all filamento...

  18. Efficient transposition of the Tol2 transposable element from a single-copy donor in zebrafish

    OpenAIRE

    Urasaki, Akihiro; Asakawa, Kazuhide; Kawakami, Koichi

    2008-01-01

    The Tol2 transposable element is a powerful genetic tool in model vertebrates and has been used for transgenesis, insertional mutagenesis, gene trapping, and enhancer trapping. However, an in vivo transposition system using Tol2 has not yet been developed. Here we report the in vivo Tol2 transposition system in a model vertebrate, zebrafish. First, we constructed transgenic zebrafish that carried single-copy integrations of Tol2 on the genome and injected transposase mRNA into one-cell stage ...

  19. Expression of Drosophila virilis Retroelements and Role of Small RNAs in Their Intrastrain Transposition

    OpenAIRE

    Rozhkov, Nikolay V.; Zelentsova, Elena S; Shostak, Natalia G.; Evgen'ev, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Transposition of two retroelements (Ulysses and Penelope) mobilized in the course of hybrid dysgenesis in Drosophila virilis has been investigated by in situ hybridization on polytene chromosomes in two D. virilis strains of different cytotypes routinely used to get dysgenic progeny. The analysis has been repeatedly performed over the last two decades, and has revealed transpositions of Penelope in one of the strains, while, in the other strain, the LTR-containing element Ulysses was found to...

  20. Ectopia and Partial Transposition of Mandibular Lateral Incisors in a Child Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Lucianne Cople Maia; Ana Maria Bolognese; Felipe Giacomet; Viviane Andrade Cancio de Paula

    2011-01-01

    Dental ectopia is a rare clinical finding characterized by a change in the normal tooth eruption pathway. In more severe cases, nontreated ectopia may develop into either partial or total transposition. The early diagnosis is of crucial importance for establishing a treatment planning correctly. Therefore, the present paper is aimed at reporting an unusual case of a 11-year-old boy with ectopic eruption and partial transposition of mandibular permanent lateral incisors as well as the diagnosi...

  1. Sex ratio imbalance in transposition of the great arteries and possible agricultural environmental risk factors

    OpenAIRE

    Bianca, S; Ettore, G

    2001-01-01

    A significant bias in sex ratio has been documented for several congenital cardiac malformations. Transposition of the great arteries has been associated with a such a bias but no explanation has been proposed for this bias. We evaluated 95 isolated livebirths with transposition of the great arteries cases referred to the Sicilian Registry of Congenital Malformations from 1991 to 1998. We found a statistically significant male bias of 2.8 and this was significantly associated with both matern...

  2. Management of superficial vein thrombosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosmi, B

    2015-07-01

    Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is less well studied than deep vein thrombosis (DVT), because it has been considered to be a minor, self-limiting disease that is easily diagnosed on clinical grounds and that requires only symptomatic relief. The most frequently involved sites of the superficial vein system are the lower limbs, especially the saphenous veins, mostly in relation to varicosities. Lower-limb SVT shares the same risk factors as DVT; it can propagate into the deep veins, and have a complicated course with pulmonary embolism. Clinical diagnosis may not be accurate, and ultrasonography is currently indicated for both confirmation and evaluation of SVT extension. Treatment aims are symptom relief and prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in relation to the thrombotic burden. SVT of the long saphenous vein within 3 cm of the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) is considered to be equivalent to a DVT, and thus deserving of therapeutic anticoagulation. Less severe forms of lower-limb SVT not involving the SFJ have been included in randomized clinical trials of surgery, compression hosiery, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, unfractionated heparin, and low molecular weight heparins, with inconclusive results. The largest randomized clinical trial available, on 3004 patients with lower-limb SVT not involving the SFJ, showed that fondaparinux 2.5 mg once daily for 6 weeks is more effective than placebo in reducing the risk of the composite of death from any cause and symptomatic VTE (0.9% versus 5.9%). Further studies are needed to define the optimal management strategies for SVT of the lower limbs and other sites, such as the upper limbs. PMID:25903684

  3. Surgical effects of nasal transposition of inferior rectus muscle – 135 cases of acquired superior oblique palsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okamoto M

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Mana Okamoto, Akiko Kimura, Akiko Masuda, Osamu Mimura Department of Ophthalmology, Hyogo College of Medicine Hospital, Nishinomiya, Japan Abstract: Nasal transposition of the inferior rectus (IR muscle, which is transposed nasally with the insertion parallel to the spiral of Tillaux, could correct excyclotropia. However, as far as we are aware, there have been no reports examining the surgical effects of this procedure in multiple cases. Therefore, we examined the surgical effects of IR nasal transposition in 135 cases with acquired trochlear nerve palsy at Hyogo College of Medicine Hospital, Nishinomiya, Japan. One muscle width of IR nasal transposition corrected an average 5.6° in excyclotorsion, while bilateral IR nasal transposition corrected average 10.9°. This result shows this procedure is accurate quantitatively. Moreover, IR nasal transposition in combination with IR recession or resection can correct vertical deviation and excyclotorsion simultaneously. The results of this study suggest that IR nasal transposition should become first-line treatment for acquired superior oblique palsy. Keywords: spiral of Tillaux, strabismus surgery, excyclotropia, acquired trochlear nerve palsy

  4. The Potential of Use Basil and Rosemary Essential Oils as Effective Antibacterial Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Kowalczyk

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The considerable therapeutical problems of persistent infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial strains constitute a continuing need to find effective antimicrobial agents. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the activities of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oils against multidrug- resistant clinical strains of Escherichia coli. A detailed analysis was performed of the resistance of the drug to the strains and their sensitivity to the tested oils. The antibacterial activity of the oils was tested against standard strain Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 as well as 60 other clinical strains of Escherichia coli. The clinical strains were obtained from patients with infections of the respiratory tract, abdominal cavity, urinary tract, skin and from hospital equipment. The inhibition of microbial growth by both essential oils, presented as MIC values, were determined by agar dilution. Susceptibility testing to antibiotics was carried out using disc diffusion. The results showed that both tested essential oils are active against all of the clinical strains from Escherichia coli including extended-spectrum ?-lactamase positive bacteria, but basil oil possesses a higher ability to inhibit growth. These studies may hasten the application of essential oils in the treatment and prevention of emergent resistant strains in nosocomial infections.

  5. Effect of silica Nanoparticles on Basil (Ocimum basilicum Under Salinity Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manizheh Kalteh

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Application of nanofertilizers is one of the promising methods for increasing resources use efficiency and reducing environmental pollutions. Uncontrolled application of chemical fertilizer and pesticides has caused many problems to human health and domestic animals. Nanofertilizers application could be a suitable way to reduce these problems. Accordingly, in order to assess the silicon nanoparticles effect on some vegetative features of basil under salinity stress, a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design with three replications was conducted in greenhouse condition. Treatments included different levels of silicon fertilizer (without silicon, normal silicon fertilizer and silicon nanoparticles and salinity stress (1, 3 and 6 ds/m. Physiological traits (chlorophyll and proline content of leaves and morphological traits (shoot fresh weight and dry weight were investigated in this study. Results showed a significant reduction in growth and development indices due to the salinity stress.  Leaf dry and fresh weight reduced by increment in NaCl concentration while significantly (P?0.01 increased with silicon nanoparticles application. The chlorophyll content reduced in salinity stress, but increased by silicon nanoparticles treatment. Proline content increased under salinity stress which was a response to stress. Moreover, proline increased by silicon nanoparticles which was due to tolerance induction in plant. Silicon nanoparticles application reduced the pollution effects originated from salinity in Basil.

  6. The effects of plant growth regulators and L-phenylalanine on phenolic compounds of sweet basil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koca, Nülüfer; Karaman, ?engül

    2015-01-01

    The effects of methyl jasmonate (MeJA), spermine (Spm), epibrassinolide (EBL) and l-phenylalanine on sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) were studied to determine the amount of phenolic compounds and enzymatic activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL). Total phenolic and total flavonoid contents of sweet basils were determined by a spectrophotometer, and individual phenolic compounds and activity of PAL were analysed by HPLC/UV. The highest total phenolic (6.72 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid contents (0.92 mg QE/g) obtained from 1.0 mM Spm+MeJA application. Rosmarinic acid (RA) and caffeic acid contents significantly enhanced after the applications but no such differences observed in chicoric acid content or PAL activity. RA was the main phenolic acid in all samples and its concentration varied from 1.04 to 2.70 mg/gFW. As a result the combinations of Spm+MeJA and EBL+MeJA can induce secondary metabolites effectively and those interactions play important role in the production of phytochemicals in plants. PMID:25053088

  7. Utilization of heavy metal-rich tannery sludge for sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) cultivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chand, Sukhmal; Singh, Shweta; Singh, Vinay Kumar; Patra, D D

    2015-05-01

    Unlike food crops, essential oil-bearing crops in which the oil is extracted through hydro-distillation can be a suitable crop to be grown in heavy metal-polluted soils as the oil does not carry any heavy metal. In a field experiment conducted at CIMAP, Lucknow, India during 2011 and 2012, influence of six doses of tannery sludge viz 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 t ha(-1) were tested, taking sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) as the test crop. Maximum herb yield was obtained with the application of sludge at 20 t ha(-1). While in root, accumulation of Cd and Pb increased significantly up to 20 t ha(-1), Cr accumulation increased with increasing the dose of tannery sludge reaching maximum at 50 t ha(-1). Essential oil yield of basil (Ocimum basilicum) was significantly affected due to sludge application. Quality of essential oil, in term of chemical constituents, however, was marginally influenced due to tannery sludge application. PMID:25850748

  8. Potential Activity of Basil Plants as a Source of Antioxidants and Anticancer Agents as Affected by Organic and Bio-organic Fertilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeinab Abd-EL Rahman SALAMA

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum is a popular culinary herbal crop grown for fresh or dry leaf, essential oil and seed markets. Recently, basil was shown to rank highest among species and herbal crops for phenolic compounds, essential oils which are associated with decreasing risks of cancer and aging diseases. The current study aimed to evaluate the potential activity of phenolic, flavonoids and essential oil of basil as antioxidant and anticancer activities by application organic and bio-organic fertilization. A pot experiment was conducted. Basil seeds were grown, with three levels of organic fertilizers (compost in presence or absence of biofertilizer. Growth parameters, pigments content, total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidant activity of methanolic plant extract were examined. Application of 50% compost and 50% sand in the presence of biofertilizer resulted in enhancement fresh and dry weights, total phenolics, total flavonoids and pigment content as compared with compost alone. The constituents of essential oils extracted by hydrodistilation of basil leaves were identified by GLC. Eleven components of essential oils were identified. The highest value of antioxidant and anticancer activities were obtained in basil plants grown in 50% and 75% compost treatments in the presence of biofertilizer. These results emphasized the important of bioorganic fertilizers for enhancement the antioxidant activity of phenolics, flavonoids, and essential oils of basil plant extract.

  9. How Is Deep Vein Thrombosis Diagnosed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home » How Is Deep Vein Thrombosis Diagnosed? Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis What Is... Other Names Causes Who Is at Risk Signs & Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Prevention Living With Clinical Trials Links Related Topics Blood ...

  10. How Can Deep Vein Thrombosis Be Prevented?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can Deep Vein Thrombosis Be Prevented? Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis What Is... Other Names Causes Who Is at Risk Signs & Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Prevention Living With Clinical Trials Links Related Topics Blood ...

  11. If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with Dr. Kenneth Saag, MD) If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dr. David Lee, MD In the Spotlight - Dr. ... Researcher Back to Home Page If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dr. David Lee, MD (November 15, 2007 - Insidermedicine) ...

  12. Fenestrated Internal Jugular Vein: Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ju Young; Lee, In Ho; Song, Chang June [Dept. of Radiology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-05-15

    A 54-year-old woman presented with a submental mass for 10 days. She underwent neck CT and a fenestrated internal jugular vein was incidentally found. We report a case of fenestrated internal jugular vein.

  13. Fenestrated Internal Jugular Vein: Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 54-year-old woman presented with a submental mass for 10 days. She underwent neck CT and a fenestrated internal jugular vein was incidentally found. We report a case of fenestrated internal jugular vein.

  14. If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... with Dr. Kenneth Saag, MD) If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dr. David Lee, MD In the ... Researcher Back to Home Page If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dr. David Lee, MD (November 15, ...

  15. "Pedagogy, Identity and the Construction of a Theory of Symbolic Control": Basil Bernstein Questioned by Joseph Solomon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Basil; Solomon, Joseph

    1999-01-01

    Provides background information on Basil Bernstein and his theory of symbolic control and cultural production. Presents an interview with Bernstein addressing such topics as the concept of "pedagogy" and its role in his theory, "boundaries" as a conceptual key in his theory, and transformation of his theory. (CMK)

  16. Phylogenetic analysis and real time PCR detection of a presumbably undescribed Peronospora species on sweet basil and sage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belbahri, Lassaad; Calmin, Gautier; Pawlowski, Jan; Lefort, Francois

    2005-11-01

    Downy mildew of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) has become a serious disease issue for the producers of sweet basil in Switzerland since it was first recorded in 2001. Reported in Africa in Uganda as early as 1933, major outbreaks of this disease in Europe were first noted in Italy in 1999 and in the USA from 1993. Previous reports have named the pathogen as Peronospora lamii. Its preferential hosts belong to the Lamiaceae family including basils (Ocimum spp.), mints (Menta spp.), sages (Salvia spp.) and other aromatics. This study investigated the taxonomic status of the downy mildew pathogen, using both morphological characters and molecular analysis of the ITS region of the rDNA. The inherent variability of conidial dimensions made species differentiation difficult. Sequence homology and phylogenetic analysis of nine collections of the Peronospora on sweet basil showed unique ITS sequences distinct from those of P. lamii and any other sequenced Peronospora species. This paper describes and illustrates the morphology of this presumably undescribed species of Peronospora. Its taxonomic position and relationships with other related species in the same genus are presented and discussed. In addition to this work, PCR primers for real time PCR analysis have been developed for the specific detection of this downy mildew pathogen from infected tissues or seeds. It is shown that these primers can also be used in classic PCR. PMID:16279421

  17. Content, Composition and Bioactivity of the Essential Oils of Three Basil Genotypes as a Function of Harvesting

    Science.gov (United States)

    A replicated field experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of cut on biomass productivity, oil content, composition, and bioactivity of Ocimum basilicum L. (cvs. German and Mesten) and Ocimum sanctum L. (cv. Local). Basil grew well under Mississippi conditions, without any major pests or di...

  18. Phenolic composition of basil plants is differentially altered by plant nutrient status and inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Four cultivars of basil (Ocimum basilicum ‘Cinnamon’, ‘Siam Queen’, ‘Sweet Dani’, and ‘Red Rubin’) were inoculated or not with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF), Rhizophagus intraradices, and grown with a fertilizer containing either 64 mg/l P (low-P) or 128 mg/l P (high-P) to assess whether (...

  19. AROMA CONTENT OF FRESH BASIL (OCIMUM BASILICUM L.) LEAVES IS AFFECTED BY LIGHT REFLECTED FROM COLORED MULCHES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is an herb that is used to add a distinct aroma and flavor to food. Aroma compounds emitted from fully-expanded fresh leaves that were grown in drip-irrigated field plots covered with different colors of polyethylene mulch were compared. The colors were selected to ...

  20. Productivity, Oil Content, and Oil Composition of Sweet Basil as a Function of Nitrogen and Sulfur Fertilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) were believed to be important nutrient management tools for the production of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L. 'German') with desirable oil content and composition and also acceptable herbage yields. A multi-location research study was initiated to evaluate the effect of...

  1. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Twitter. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Varicose Veins? The signs and symptoms of varicose veins include: ... signs of other, more serious conditions. Complications of Varicose Veins Varicose veins can lead to dermatitis (der-ma- ...

  2. Mechanical Buckling of Veins under Internal Pressure

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Ricky; Fierro, Cesar A.; Shireman, Paula K.; Han, Hai-chao

    2010-01-01

    Venous tortuosity is associated with multiple disease states and is often thought to be a consequence of venous hypertension and chronic venous disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of vein tortuosity are unclear. We hypothesized that increased pressure causes vein buckling that leads to a tortuous appearance. The specific aim of this study was to determine the critical buckling pressure of veins. We determined the buckling pressure of porcine jugular veins and measured the mechanical p...

  3. Leiomyosarcoma of the Adrenal Vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I-Hung Shao

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Leiomyosarcoma of the adrenal gland is extremely rare in the literature. We present a patient with an adrenal leiomyosarcoma originating from the adrenal vein, the pathologic findings and management. A 66-year-old man who was a hepatitis B virus carrier was found to have a huge left suprarenal mass on sonography and computed axial tomography. A huge tumor in the left suprarenal area with a markedly engorged adrenal vein was found during an adrenalectomy. The tumor thrombus extended into the renal vein, close to the inferior vena cava. The left adrenal gland with the whole tumor thrombus was removed completely. Microscopically, the adrenal gland was compressed but not invaded by the spindle cell tumor, which was composed of interlacing fascicles of neoplastic smooth muscle cells. The tumor was localized within the adrenal vein and arose from the venous wall. The patient had no local recurrence for 18 months after en bloc excision of the tumor. We suggest that en bloc excision with a clear and adequate surgical margin is the most important cure procedure for adrenal leiomyosarcoma.

  4. Transposition of fuel and blanket assemblies in LMFBR'S

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this paper is to show how the transposition of selected fuel assemblies in a homogeneous core arrangement with blanket assemblies results in a core with superior plutonium breeding characteristics and potentially improved response to hypothetical accident transients which are not terminated by the plant protection systems. To accomplish this objective, a detailed comparison is made of the physics, breeding and inventory differences of a homogeneous and a heterogeneous core arrangement for reactor power levels of approximately 1000 and 2500 MW(t). This power range was chosen to determine if the heterogeneous core concept is applicable to commercial as well as demonstration size LMFBR plants. The initial heterogeneous (bull's-eye) study was performed for the 1000 MWt size reactor. The fuel pin diameter was limited to 0.23 inches (FFTF technology). Considerable optimizations were performed which showed that the number of required fuel and control assemblies in the heterogeneous design could be reduced relative to the homogeneous concept. This study has demonstrated the feasibility of taking a homogeneous core arrangement and replacing it with a heterogeneous core without increasing the inside diameter of the reactor vessel. The resultant optimum heterogeneous core arrangement resulted in a breeding ratio which was higher by 0.1 relative to the homogeneous concept with a resultant reduction in compound system doubling time from 62 to 32 years

  5. Surgical transposition of the ovaries: Imaging findings in 14 patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pelvic radiation therapy for cervical or vaginal cancer often leads to ovarian failure. To remove the ovaries from the radiation portal and preserve their function, they can be transposed to the lateral abdomen. Serial imaging studies in 14 patients who had undergone ovarian transposition (five bilateral, nine unilateral) were reviewed. Images obtained included 32 CT scans, 20 sonograms, and one MR image. Most transposed ovaries were located along the paracolic gutters near the iliac crests, creating an extrinsic mass effect on adjacent bowel. Detection of surgical clips on the ovary on CT scans allowed confident recognition of all 19 transposed ovaries. Cysts in the transposed ovaries, noted on most imaging studies, did not correlate with complications of pain or hormonal dysfunction. In one case, a large physiologic cyst in a transposed ovary distorted the cecum and was mistaken for a mucocele of the appendix. In another case, a large ovarian cyst was thought to be tumor recurrence or a lymphocele. These findings indicate that although the transposed ovaries can be recognized on CT scans by the surgical clips attached to the ovaries, the appearance of the ovary does not predict reliably the development of complications

  6. Surgical transposition of the ovaries: Imaging findings in 14 patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kier, R.; Chambers, S.K. (Yale Univ. School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (USA))

    1989-11-01

    Pelvic radiation therapy for cervical or vaginal cancer often leads to ovarian failure. To remove the ovaries from the radiation portal and preserve their function, they can be transposed to the lateral abdomen. Serial imaging studies in 14 patients who had undergone ovarian transposition (five bilateral, nine unilateral) were reviewed. Images obtained included 32 CT scans, 20 sonograms, and one MR image. Most transposed ovaries were located along the paracolic gutters near the iliac crests, creating an extrinsic mass effect on adjacent bowel. Detection of surgical clips on the ovary on CT scans allowed confident recognition of all 19 transposed ovaries. Cysts in the transposed ovaries, noted on most imaging studies, did not correlate with complications of pain or hormonal dysfunction. In one case, a large physiologic cyst in a transposed ovary distorted the cecum and was mistaken for a mucocele of the appendix. In another case, a large ovarian cyst was thought to be tumor recurrence or a lymphocele. These findings indicate that although the transposed ovaries can be recognized on CT scans by the surgical clips attached to the ovaries, the appearance of the ovary does not predict reliably the development of complications.

  7. Transposition of the EU cogeneration directive: A vision for Portugal

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential for new, small-scale and micro-cogeneration installations in Portugal is very considerable due to the number of potential host buildings. In this work, we discuss the legal framework of the Portuguese energy market, and some modifications to accommodate the Directive, 2004/8/EC are stressed. A practical case of cogeneration is also presented, showing the application of the Annex III (b) and (c) of the Cogeneration Directive. The practical case presented shows that micro CHP can be considered highly efficient, with parameters calculated with the Directive rules. Two main improvements in Portugal's energy policy are important: improvement on the permission to access grid system and improvement on support mechanisms indexing it to PES. The Cogeneration Directive transposition is an excellent opportunity to induce a less restrictive framework for the installation of new cogeneration systems, reducing the technological barriers, namely allowing medium-voltage connection with the grid, and improving the revenues provided from these small cogeneration systems. These modifications can improve significantly the number of potential hosts for small-scale cogeneration systems

  8. Diameter of Cayley graphs generated by transposition trees

    CERN Document Server

    Ganesan, Ashwin

    2012-01-01

    A problem of much theoretical and practical interest is to determine or estimate the diameter of various families of Cayley graphs. Let $\\Gamma$ be a Cayley graph on $n!$ vertices generated by a transposition tree on vertex set ${1,2,...,n}$. In an oft-cited paper \\cite{Akers:Krishnamurthy:1989} (cf. also \\cite[p. 188]{Hahn:Sabidussi:1997}), it is shown that the diameter of $\\Gamma$ is bounded as $$\\diam(\\Gamma) \\le \\max_{\\pi \\in S_n}{c(\\pi)-n+\\sum_{i=1}^n \\dist_T(i,\\pi(i))},$$ where the maximum is over all permutations in $S_n$, $c(\\pi)$ denotes the number of cycles in the disjoint cycle representation of $\\pi$, and $\\dist_T$ is the distance function on pairs of vertices of the tree. Observe that evaluating this upper bound requires $\\Omega(n! n^2)$ computations since the quantity in braces above needs to be evaluated for each permutation in $S_n$. In this work, we describe an algorithm to estimate the diameter of the Cayley graph which requires far fewer computations, and furthermore, we show that the value...

  9. A New Multimodal Biometric System Based on Finger Vein and Hand Vein Recognition

    OpenAIRE

    Randa Boukhris Trabelsi; Alima Damak Masmoudi; Dorra Sellami Masmoudi

    2013-01-01

    As a reliable and robust biological characteristic, the vein pattern increases more and more the progress in biometric researches. Generally, it was shown that single biometric modality recognition is not able to meet high performances. In this paper, we propose a new multimodal biometric system based on fusion of both hand vein and finger vein modalities. For finger vein recognition, we employ the Monogenic Local Binary Pattern (MLBP), and for hand vein recognitionan Improved Gaussian Matche...

  10. Comportamento fenotípico e genotípico de populações de manjericão Phenotypic and genotypic behavior of basil populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arie F Blank

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Genótipos de manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L. apresentam diferentes teores, rendimentos e composições químicas de óleos essenciais. Fatores influenciam na produção do óleo essencial de manjericão, como a cultivar plantada e o método de cultivo. O estudo dos parâmetros genéticos tem sido ferramenta útil na identificação de genótipos superiores. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de estimar alguns parâmetros genéticos associados ao comportamento produtivo de seis populações de manjericão nos anos agrícola 2004/05 e 2005/06. As características massa seca de folha + inflorescência e rendimento de óleo essencial apresentaram grande variabilidade por forte influência dos anos estudados. Já o teor de linalol manteve sua produtividade estável ao longo dos dois anos. Teor e rendimento de óleo essencial e teor de linalol no óleo essencial apresentaram herdabilidades altas na análise conjunta, indicando controle genético e grande possibilidade de serem transmitidas para as gerações futuras. Na análise conjunta as populações PI 197442-S3-bulk 3, PI 197442-S3-bulk 5 e PI 197442-S3-bulk 8 apresentaram os maiores teores e rendimentos de óleo essencial. Quanto ao constituinte químico majoritário do óleo essencial, o linalol, todas as populações apresentaram teores semelhantes, diferindo apenas na presença de alguns constituintes químicos minoritários.Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. genotypes present different contents, yields and chemical constituents in its essential oils. Factors influence the essential oil production of basil, such as cultivar and cultivation method. The study of genetic parameters is a useful tool to identify superior genotypes. In this work we estimated some genetic parameters associated to the production behavior of six basil populations cultivated in 2004/05 and 2005/06. The variables dry weight of leaves + inflorescences and essential oil yield presented high variability because of strong influence of the studied years. Linalool content presented constant values during the two years. Essential oil content and yield and linalool content in the essential oil presented high herdability in the combined analyses, indicating genetic control and great possibilities to transmit them to the following generations. The combined analyses showed highest essential oil content and yield for the populations PI 197442-S3-bulk 3, PI 197442-S3-bulk 5 and PI 197442-S3-bulk 8. For the major chemical constituent of the essential oil, linalool, all the populations presented similar content. Only the minor chemical constituents were different.

  11. Comportamento fenotípico e genotípico de populações de manjericão / Phenotypic and genotypic behavior of basil populations

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arie F, Blank; Evanildes M de, Souza; José WA de, Paula; Péricles B, Alves.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Genótipos de manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L.) apresentam diferentes teores, rendimentos e composições químicas de óleos essenciais. Fatores influenciam na produção do óleo essencial de manjericão, como a cultivar plantada e o método de cultivo. O estudo dos parâmetros genéticos tem sido ferramenta ú [...] til na identificação de genótipos superiores. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de estimar alguns parâmetros genéticos associados ao comportamento produtivo de seis populações de manjericão nos anos agrícola 2004/05 e 2005/06. As características massa seca de folha + inflorescência e rendimento de óleo essencial apresentaram grande variabilidade por forte influência dos anos estudados. Já o teor de linalol manteve sua produtividade estável ao longo dos dois anos. Teor e rendimento de óleo essencial e teor de linalol no óleo essencial apresentaram herdabilidades altas na análise conjunta, indicando controle genético e grande possibilidade de serem transmitidas para as gerações futuras. Na análise conjunta as populações PI 197442-S3-bulk 3, PI 197442-S3-bulk 5 e PI 197442-S3-bulk 8 apresentaram os maiores teores e rendimentos de óleo essencial. Quanto ao constituinte químico majoritário do óleo essencial, o linalol, todas as populações apresentaram teores semelhantes, diferindo apenas na presença de alguns constituintes químicos minoritários. Abstract in english Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) genotypes present different contents, yields and chemical constituents in its essential oils. Factors influence the essential oil production of basil, such as cultivar and cultivation method. The study of genetic parameters is a useful tool to identify superior genotypes. [...] In this work we estimated some genetic parameters associated to the production behavior of six basil populations cultivated in 2004/05 and 2005/06. The variables dry weight of leaves + inflorescences and essential oil yield presented high variability because of strong influence of the studied years. Linalool content presented constant values during the two years. Essential oil content and yield and linalool content in the essential oil presented high herdability in the combined analyses, indicating genetic control and great possibilities to transmit them to the following generations. The combined analyses showed highest essential oil content and yield for the populations PI 197442-S3-bulk 3, PI 197442-S3-bulk 5 and PI 197442-S3-bulk 8. For the major chemical constituent of the essential oil, linalool, all the populations presented similar content. Only the minor chemical constituents were different.

  12. Diverse Geological Applications For Basil: A 2d Finite-deformation Computational Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houseman, Gregory A.; Barr, Terence D.; Evans, Lynn

    Geological processes are often characterised by large finite-deformation continuum strains, on the order of 100% or greater. Microstructural processes cause deformation that may be represented by a viscous constitutive mechanism, with viscosity that may depend on temperature, pressure, or strain-rate. We have developed an effective com- putational algorithm for the evaluation of 2D deformation fields produced by Newto- nian or non-Newtonian viscous flow. With the implementation of this algorithm as a computer program, Basil, we have applied it to a range of diverse applications in Earth Sciences. Viscous flow fields in 2D may be defined for the thin-sheet case or, using a velocity-pressure formulation, for the plane-strain case. Flow fields are represented using 2D triangular elements with quadratic interpolation for velocity components and linear for pressure. The main matrix equation is solved by an efficient and compact conjugate gradient algorithm with iteration for non-Newtonian viscosity. Regular grids may be used, or grids based on a random distribution of points. Definition of the prob- lem requires that velocities, tractions, or some combination of the two, are specified on all external boundary nodes. Compliant boundaries may also be defined, based on the idea that traction is opposed to and proportional to boundary displacement rate. In- ternal boundary segments, allowing fault-like displacements within a viscous medium have also been developed, and we find that the computed displacement field around the fault tip is accurately represented for Newtonian and non-Newtonian viscosities, in spite of the stress singularity at the fault tip. Basil has been applied by us and colleagues to problems that include: thin sheet calculations of continental collision, Rayleigh-Taylor instability of the continental mantle lithosphere, deformation fields around fault terminations at the outcrop scale, stress and deformation fields in and around porphyroblasts, and deformation of the subducted oceanic slab. Application of Basil to a diverse range of topics is facilitated by the use of command syntax input files that allow most aspects of the calculation to be controlled easily, together with a post-processing package, Sybil, for display and interpretation of the results. Sybil uses a menu-driven graphical interface to access a powerful combination of commands, to- gether with log files that allow repetitive tasks to be more automated

  13. Blood sampling from adrenal gland vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adrenal gland vein sampling is an interventional method to get the blood samples from the adrenal gland vein. The blood is obtained via a catheter which is selectively inserted in the adrenal gland vein. This technique is mainly used to be diagnostic for primary hyperaldosteronism. A full knowledge of the anatomy and variations of the adrenal gland vein, serious preoperative preparation and skilled catheterization manipulation are necessary for obtaining sufficient blood sample and for reducing the occurrence of complications. Providing the physicians with definite diagnostic evidence and being technically feasible, adrenal gland vein sampling should become one of the routine examinations for clarifying the cause of primary hyperaldosteronism. (authors)

  14. Mechanical Buckling of Veins under Internal Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Ricky; Fierro, Cesar A.; Shireman, Paula K.; Han, Hai-Chao

    2010-01-01

    Venous tortuosity is associated with multiple disease states and is often thought to be a consequence of venous hypertension and chronic venous disease. However, the underlying mechanisms of vein tortuosity are unclear. We hypothesized that increased pressure causes vein buckling that leads to a tortuous appearance. The specific aim of this study was to determine the critical buckling pressure of veins. We determined the buckling pressure of porcine jugular veins and measured the mechanical properties of these veins. Our results showed that veins buckle when the transmural pressure exceeds a critical pressure that is strongly related to the axial stretch ratio in the veins. The critical pressures of the eight veins tested were 14.2 ± 5.4 mmHg and 26.4 ± 9.0 mmHg at axial stretch ratio 1.5 and 1.7, respectively. In conclusion, veins buckle into a tortuous shape at high lumen pressures or reduced axial stretch ratios. Our results are useful in understanding the development of venous tortuosity associated with varicose veins, venous valvular insufficiency, diabetic retinopathy and vein grafts. PMID:20094913

  15. Radiological evaluation of congenital pulmonary vein obstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Congenital obstruction of pulmonary vein is presented as chronic cough, hemoptysis, and recurrent pneumonias, which are caused by long-standing pulmonary congestion. Congenital obstruction of pulmonary vein without anomalous drainage can cause long-standing pulmonary congestion and pulmonary arterial hypertension, and it may include stenosis of individual pulmonary veins or total pulmonary vein atresia. We reviewed seven cases of pulmonary vein obstruction, five of which accompanied other cardiac anomalies. Right pulmonary veins were involved in all seven cases including one bilateral case. Pulmonary veins were occluded totally in five and partially in three lungs. Pulmonary catheterization and angiography were done for diagnosis. Chest radiographs of total occlusion cases showed decreased lung volume, features of pulmonary edema, interstitial lesions, and pleural thickening, which were quite specific, whereas pulmonary venous dilatation was dominant findings in partial obstruction cases. Pulmonary perfusion scans (n=3) showed total perfusion defects in the cases of total occlusion of veins. MR imaging (n=2) demonstrated total occlusion of pulmonary veins in the veno atrial junction in two, and membranous focal obstruction in one lung. Two patients had pneumonectomy and histological confirmation. Although catheterization and angiography are essential for the diagnosis, MR imaging is thought to be useful for the diagnosis of pulmonary vein obstructionlmonary vein obstruction

  16. The angiographic demonstration of hepatic vein obstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the angiographic feature of hepatic vein obstruction. Methods Forty-five patients (male 23, female 22, age 9-54 years) suffered from hepatic vein obstruction. The inferior vena cavography and the hepatic venography were performed in all cases. Results: IVC was free in 37 patients with hepatic vein obstruction, both IVC and HV were obstructed in 8 patients. The local or long stenosis of IVC was found in 31 inferior vena cavography. The diameter of IVC was normal in 12 patients. The sign of membranous dome was found in hepatic vein orifice in 5 cases and in accessory hepatic vein orifice in 4 cases. Intrahepatic venous collaterals were found in 45 cases. Conclusion: Hepatic vein obstruction can be reproached primarily in inferior vena cavography, the membranous dome is a direct sign of membranous obstruction of HV and AHV in inferior vena cavography. The selected hepatic venography can provide reliable evidence to diagnose hepatic vein obstruction

  17. Transposition bursts during analysis of secondary mutations in the unstable lines of Drosophila melanogaster

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article deals with realization of transposition memory discovered earlier at cut locus and in MDG4. The unstable line cmMR17 ctMRpN17, a derivative of ctMR2 line, was used. It has high frequency of double cm+ct+ revertants and secondary cmMRctMRpN mutants. Such mutant transitions were observed in the line five times. Mutation ctMRpN17 was caused by the insertion at cut locus of MDG4 with another mobile element, jockey. In situ hybridization showed that the transitions from mutational condition to normal are strongly correlated with the excision of MDG4 and jockey from 7B3-4 region of cut locus and their repeated insertion into it. The analysis of distribution of MDG1, MDG2, MDG3, and jockey in the X chromosomes of the revertant larvae and secondary mutants showed that not only transpositions of MDG4 and jockey but also simultaneous multiple migration of all the tested mobile elements take place with their complete stability in the absence of mutational transitions. Therefore, the transposition memory in this system of genetic instability is realized in the process of transposition bursts, but does not lead to isolated repeated transpositions of MDG4

  18. Optimisation of microencapsulation of holy basil essential oil in gelatin by response surface methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutaphanit, Polin; Chitprasert, Pakamon

    2014-05-01

    To protect holy basil essential oil (HBEO) from volatilisation and oxidation, microencapsulation by simple coacervation of gelatin was developed. An optimal encapsulating condition obtained from response surface methodology (RSM) was a gelatin concentration of 11.75% (w/v) and an HBEO amount of 31ml, which provided the greatest yield, oil content, and encapsulation efficiency of 98.80%, 66.50%, and 95.41%, respectively. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) revealed that the internal surface of the microcapsule was honeycomb-like networks containing nonhomogeneous distributions of HBEO. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) indicated that there was no significant interaction between the HBEO and gelatin. Under storage conditions at 60°C for 49days equivalent to 25°C for 18months, small decreases in the HBEO retention rate and the antioxidant activity were observed. Thus, the microencapsulated formulation has potential to be applied to other volatile compounds. PMID:24360456

  19. Chemical composition and antimicrobial properties of different basil essential oils chemotypes from Togo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koffi Koba

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aerial parts essential oils of Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae from Togo were steam-distilled and investigated for their percentage composition (GC and GC/MS and in vitro antimicrobial activities. Five oil chemotypes were identified and classified as follows in line with their principal components: estragole type; linalool/estragole type; methyleugenol type; methyleugenol/t-anethole type; t-anethole type. The in vitro microbiological experiments revealed that only the methyleugenol and methyleugenol/t-anethole chemotypes were active against tested fungi and bacteria. Their minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC ranged from 80 to 150 µl.l-1 and from 200 to 500 µl.l-1 respectively. Likewise, on tested bacteria the MIC varied from 200 µl.l-1 to 400 µl.l-1 and from 250 to 500 µl.l-1 respectively. These findings are supportive of the potential of both basil oil chemotypes for use as active ingredients in natural antibiotic drugs.

  20. Deep Vein Thrombosis in Children

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Ogendele; Ijaz Ahmad; Laweh Amegavie; Kanakkande Aabideen

    2013-01-01

    We describe a rare case of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in children, highlight the importance of early diagnosis of rare disease with potential complications. In a 5 year old boy presented with persistent leg pain without any obvious cause. Detailed investigation led to diagnosis of DVT. As there are common differential diagnoses for leg pain in children, pediatricians usually have a low index of suspicious of DVT in children. This case highlight that paediatricians must consider DVT in their d...

  1. RNA-mediated transposition of the tobacco retrotransposon Tnt1 in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, H; Feuerbach, F; Kunert, K; Grandbastien, M A; Caboche, M

    1995-01-01

    The tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) retrotransposon Tnt1 was introduced into Arabidopsis thaliana. In this heterologous host plant species, Tnt1 undergoes an RNA-mediated transposition and creates a 5 bp duplication at the insertion sites. This is the first report of transposition of a retrotransposon after introduction into a heterologous host species. Tnt1 transposed during in vitro regeneration of transformed A.thaliana, but no transposition event was detected as happening in T2 and T3 generation plants. Newly synthesized copies of Tnt1 can integrate into coding regions of the host DNA. Our results open up the possibility of using Tnt1 as a new tool for insertional mutagenesis and functional analysis of plant genomes, in addition to the strategies of T-DNA and transposon tagging. Images PMID:7774594

  2. CUBITAL TUNNEL SYNDROME: REVIEW OF 14 ANTERIOR SUBCUTANEOUS TRANSPOSITIONS OF THE VASCULARIZED ULNAR NERVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Farzan

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Anterior transposition of the ulnar nerve is widely implemented for treatment of cubital tunnel ?syndrome. However, preservation of the extrinsic blood supply of the ?ulnar nerve may result in better clinical outcomes. Fourteen patients with cubital tunnel ?syndrome, 11 ?men and 3 women, were treated by anterior subcutaneous transposition of the ulnar nerve. The extrinsic blood supply of the ulnar nerve was ?preserved. The average age at the time of operation was 33 years. The average follow-up period was 44 months. Post-operative outcome assessment by an independent examiner was based on the modified Bishop rating system. Nine patients had excellent or good outcomes. Five patients had a fair outcome. There ?were no complications or recurrence of symptoms. Anterior subcutaneous ?transposition of the vascularized ulnar nerve is an effective method of surgical ?treatment for patients with cubital tunnel syndrome.

  3. Expression of Drosophila virilis retroelements and role of small RNAs in their intrastrain transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozhkov, Nikolay V; Zelentsova, Elena S; Shostak, Natalia G; Evgen'ev, Michael B

    2011-01-01

    Transposition of two retroelements (Ulysses and Penelope) mobilized in the course of hybrid dysgenesis in Drosophila virilis has been investigated by in situ hybridization on polytene chromosomes in two D. virilis strains of different cytotypes routinely used to get dysgenic progeny. The analysis has been repeatedly performed over the last two decades, and has revealed transpositions of Penelope in one of the strains, while, in the other strain, the LTR-containing element Ulysses was found to be transpositionally active. The gypsy retroelement, which has been previously shown to be transpositionally inactive in D. virilis strains, was also included in the analysis. Whole mount is situ hybridization with the ovaries revealed different subcellular distribution of the transposable elements transcripts in the strains studied. Ulysses transpositions occur only in the strain where antisense piRNAs homologous to this TE are virtually absent and the ping-pong amplification loop apparently does not take place. On the other hand small RNAs homologous to Penelope found in the other strain, belong predominantly to the siRNA category (21nt), and consist of sense and antisense species observed in approximately equal proportion. The number of Penelope copies in the latter strain has significantly increased during the last decades, probably because Penelope-derived siRNAs are not maternally inherited, while the low level of Penelope-piRNAs, which are faithfully transmitted from mother to the embryo, is not sufficient to silence this element completely. Therefore, we speculate that intrastrain transposition of the three retroelements studied is controlled predominantly at the post-transcriptional level. PMID:21779346

  4. Terminal inverted repeats of insertion sequence IS30 serve as targets for transposition.

    OpenAIRE

    Olasz, F.; Farkas, T.; Kiss, J.; Arini, A.; Arber, W.

    1997-01-01

    In the present study, we demonstrate that the terminal inverted repeats of the Escherichia coli insertion sequence IS30 are functional target sites for the transposition of the (IS30)2 dimer, which represents an intermediate structure in the transposition of IS30. Comparative analysis of various target regions revealed that the left and right ends differ in their "attractivity." In our experiments, the joined left and right ends, i.e., the (IS30)2 intermediate structure, was found to be the m...

  5. Transposition anti-involution in Clifford algebras and invariance groups of scalar products on spinor spaces

    OpenAIRE

    Ablamowicz, Rafal; Fauser, Bertfried

    2011-01-01

    We introduce on the abstract level in real Clifford algebras \\cl_{p,q} of a non-degenerate quadratic space (V,Q), where Q has signature \\epsilon=(p,q), a transposition anti-involution \\tp. In a spinor representation, the anti-involution \\tp gives transposition, complex Hermitian conjugation or quaternionic Hermitian conjugation when the spinor space \\check{S} is viewed as a \\cl_{p,q}-left and \\check{K}-right module with \\check{K} isomorphic to R or R^2, C, or, H or H^2. ...

  6. Identification of a transposon Tn3 sequence required for transposition immunity.

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, C.H.; Bhagwat, A; Heffron, F

    1983-01-01

    A plasmid containing transposon Tn3 is immune to further insertions of Tn3. This phenomenon works in cis and is referred to as transposition immunity. We have used the ability of Tn3 to form cointegrates between two plasmids to develop a quantitative assay to detect transposition immunity. Presence of Tn3 on both the plasmids reduces the cointegration frequency to less than 1/100 of parental. Using this assay, we have determined that (i) tnpR is not required for immunity, (ii) only the termin...

  7. Effect of Storage on Physico-Chemical, Microbiological and Sensory Quality of Bottlegourd-Basil Leaves Juice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.R. Vasudish

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Bottlegourd (Lagenaria siceraria and Basil (Ocimum sanctum leaves blended juice was formulated with the help of Response surface methodology. The central composite design with 15 experimental combinations was used to optimize the product. The surface plots are used to represent the effects of variations in the ingredient levels. The physico-chemical, microbiological safety and sensory characteristics of the bottlegourd-basil blended juice in glass bottle were evaluated during 6 months at room temperature (28+2°C. There were no remarkable changes in pH, total soluble solids, total acidity (as citric acid and sensory scores of the juice during storage. Loss of vitamin C and ?-carotene were 74 and 57%, respectively after 6 months of storage. The result revealed that the blended juice was acceptable for 6 months and was microbiologically safe.

  8. Anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activity of anthocyanins from purple basil leaves induced by selected abiotic elicitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymanowska, Urszula; Z?otek, Urszula; Kara?, Monika; Baraniak, Barbara

    2015-04-01

    This paper investigates changes in the anti-inflammatory and antioxidative activity of anthocyanins from purple basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves induced by arachidonic acid (AA), jasmonic acid (JA) and ?-aminobutyric acid (BABA). The anthocyanins content was significantly increased by all elicitors used in this study; however, no increase was observed in the antioxidant activity of the analyzed extracts. Additionally, a significant decrease by about 50% in the ability to chelate Fe(II) was noted. Further, an increase in the potential anti-inflammatory activity of basil anthocyanins was observed after treatment with each the abiotic elicitor. The IC50 value for lipoxygenase inhibition was almost twice as low after elicitation as that of the control. Also, cyclooxygenase inhibition by anthocyanins was stimulated by abiotic elicitors, except for JA-sample. Additionally, HPLC-analysis indicated that elicitation with AA, JA and BABA caused increases in content most of all anthocyanin compounds. PMID:25442525

  9. Palm Vein Verification Using Gabor Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mohsin Al-Juboori

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Palm vein authentication is one of the modern biometric techniques, which employs the vein pattern in the human palm to verify the person. The merits of palm vein on classical biometric (e.g. fingerprint, iris, face are a low risk of falsification, difficulty of duplicated and stability. In this research, a new method is proposed for personal verification based on palm vein features. In the propose method, the palm vein images are firstly enhanced and then the features are extracted by using bank of Gabor filters. Then Fisher Discriminated Analysis (FDA is used to reduce the dimension of the features vectors. For vein pattern verification, this work uses Nearest Neighbors method. The EER of the proposed method is 0.2335%.

  10. Normal hepatic vein patterns on ultrasound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Understanding of the anatomy of the hepatic vein is important in manipulation for transplantation of the liver, hepatectomy and the treatment of hepatic trauma with avulsion of the hepatic vein. Demonstrated of the inferior right hepatic vein (IRHV) is also important; in some cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, thrombus can be seen in the IRHV; in primary Budd-Chiari syndrome, the IRHV is main draining vein; during hepatectomy, the postero-inferior segment of the right lobe and draining IRHV can be preserved. For some 10 months ultrasound examination was done in a total of 124 patients with normal liver function with special emphasis on the hepatic vein, their branches, and the IRHV, and analysed in terms of branching pattern and relative size of the hepatic vein and the detection rate of the IRHV.

  11. Tissue remodeling investigation in varicose veins

    OpenAIRE

    Ghaderian, Sayyed Mohammad Hossein; Khodaii, Zohreh

    2012-01-01

    Although the etiology of varicose veins remains unknown, recent studies have focused on endothelial cell integrity and function because the endothelium regulates vessel tone and synthesizes many pro- and anti-inflammatory factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the evidence involving the endothelium in the development of varicose vein disease. In addition, tissue remodeling was investigated in varicose veins to determine the expression of different types of collagen. Tissue specimen...

  12. Jugular vein thrombosis associated with distant malignancy.

    OpenAIRE

    Carrington, B. M.; Adams, J E

    1988-01-01

    We describe two patients who developed internal jugular vein thrombosis associated with primary malignant disease arising outside the neck, and in one patient it was the presenting feature. Computed tomography was performed and the findings characteristic of internal jugular vein thrombosis are illustrated. We conclude that malignant disease should be considered in patients presenting with spontaneous internal jugular vein thrombosis with no other predisposing factors and that computed tomogr...

  13. A complicated case of deep vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Cerutti; Paola Colagrande; Edoardo Provera; Massimo Giusti

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of a patient with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) associated to portal vein thrombosis (PVT), complicated by hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). The pathogenesis of DVT is multifactorial; among risk factors we can list: transitory situations (surgical interventions, infectious diseases with fever, traumas), acquired conditions (neoplasms, antiphospholipid syndrome) or genetically determined situations (thrombophilia). PVT of the sovrahepatic vein...

  14. Personal Authentication System using Hand Vein Biometric

    OpenAIRE

    Sathish, G.; Saravanan, Dr S. V.; Narmadha, Dr S.; Uma Maheswari, Dr S.

    2012-01-01

    With an increasing emphasis on security, automated personal identification using hand vein biometric feature is becoming a very active topic in both research and practical applications. The objective of this work is to present a biometric authentication system for high security physical access control based on hand vein pattern. Hand vein biometric is selected, as it is foolproof, offers higher security and reliable for identification.The feature extraction stage consists of removal of the no...

  15. Intraocular pressure in retinal vein occlusion.

    OpenAIRE

    Frucht, J.; Shapiro, A.; Merin, S.

    1984-01-01

    The intraocular pressure of 59 patients with retinal vein occlusion was studied. Central retinal vein occlusion (CVO) was diagnosed in 24 patients and branch retinal vein occlusion (BVO) was diagnosed in the rest. The intraocular pressure of a sex and age matched group of controls was also studied for comparison. The intraocular pressure in the CVO group were significantly different from those of the matched controls (p less than 0.001). A statistically significant difference of a lesser degr...

  16. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) / Pulmonary Embolism (PE) - Blood Clot Forming in a Vein

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Form Controls NCBDDD Cancel Submit Search The CDC Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) / Pulmonary Embolism (PE) â?? Blood Clot Forming ... Español (Spanish) Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism (DVT/PE) are often underdiagnosed ...

  17. Malpositioned Right Subclavian Vein Catheter into Contralateral Subclavian Vein-A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Sharma

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Malposition of central venous catheter is well known technical complication. A case with unusual placement of right subclavian vein catheter into contralateral subclavian vein, when inserted through infraclavicular approach, is reported.

  18. Malpositioned Right Subclavian Vein Catheter into Contralateral Subclavian Vein-A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Deepak Sharma,; Ritu Goyal

    2009-01-01

    Malposition of central venous catheter is well known technical complication. A case with unusual placement of right subclavian vein catheter into contralateral subclavian vein, when inserted through infraclavicular approach, is reported.

  19. Endovenous laser therapy for varicose vein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erwin Mulia

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Laser has become a useful technology in treating venous incompetence especially superficial venous disease. Introduction of endovenous thermal ablation through endovenous laser therapy helped by duplex ultrasound guidance has provided an alternative for traditional saphenous vein stripping. High success rate, minor complications, and minimally invasive technique provide the advantages over traditional treatment. In this case illustrated, the endovenous laser therapy used for great saphenous varicose vein. Yet, future development in endovenous laser therapy is still needed and only long term follow-up and uniform reporting standards will provide the answers. (Med J Indones. 2013;22:117-20Keywords: Endovenous laser theraphy, great saphenous vein, varicose vein

  20. The lateral accessory saphenous vein - a common cause of recurrent varicose veins.

    OpenAIRE

    Garner, J. P.; Heppell, P. S. J.; Leopold, P. W.

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Varicose veins commonly recur after surgery and present a large burden to the NHS. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that the lateral accessory saphenous vein is the commonest cause of groin recurrence of varicose veins and we discuss a possible anatomical reason for this. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The case notes of all patients presenting to two vascular surgeons with recurrent varicose veins over a 3-year period were studied. All limbs were assessed by duplex ultrasound scann...

  1. On the transposition anti-involution in real Cliffrd algebras II: Stabilizer groups of primitive idempotents

    CERN Document Server

    Ablamowicz, Rafal

    2010-01-01

    In the first article of this work [... I: The transposition map] we showed that real Clifford algebras CL(V,Q) posses a unique transposition anti-involution \\tp. There it was shown that the map reduces to reversion (resp. conjugation) for any Euclidean (resp. anti-Euclidean) signature. When applied to a general element of the algebra, it results in transposition of the associated matrix of that element in the left regular representation of the algebra. In this paper we show that, depending on the value of (p-q) mod 8, where \\ve=(p,q) is the signature of Q, the anti-involution gives rise to transposition, Hermitian complex, and Hermitian quaternionic conjugation of representation matrices in spinor representations. We realize spinors in minimal left ideals S=CL_{p,q}f generated by a primitive idempotent f. The map \\tp allows us to define a dual spinor space S^\\ast, and a new spinor norm on S, which is different, in general, from two spinor norms known to exist. We study a transitive action of generalized Salin...

  2. Using Letters Frequency Analysis in Caesar Cipher with Double Columnar Transposition Technique.

    OpenAIRE

    Gaurav Shrivastava; Ravindra Sharma; Manorama Chouhan

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we have some modification in Caesar Cipher Technique. We have proposed a method to enhancing the Caesar cipher for more efficient and secure. We use Relative Frequency of Letters in Alphabets. We arrange the sequence of letter according to the frequency in increasing ordered. And then we have made use of a Modified Caesar cipher technique with double Columnar Transposition Technique.

  3. Double aortic arch and d-transposition of the great arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Wei; Patel, Dhaval; Husayni, Tarek S; Roberson, David A

    2008-01-01

    We present a rare case of D-transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) and double aortic arch (DAA). The anatomy was prospectively and preoperatively diagnosed by echocardiography and confirmed by ultra-fast computed tomography. The patient underwent successful arterial switch operation and division of the vascular ring at a single procedure. PMID:18186786

  4. Dextrocardia, aortopulmonary window with transposition of the great arteries, case report

    OpenAIRE

    Hani K. Najm; Jijeh, Abdulraouf M.Z.; El Moazamy, Yousry M.; Mufti, Hani N.; Abu-Sulaiman, Riyadh; Mutairi, Mansour Al

    2010-01-01

    Transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) in combination with aortopulmonary window (APW) is a very rare entity and carries high morbidity and mortality. Only few cases have been reported with this association. We report the first case of D-TGA and APW with mirror image dextrocardia which was repaired successfully.

  5. Dextrocardia, aortopulmonary window with transposition of the great arteries, case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najm, Hani K; Jijeh, Abdulraouf M Z; El Moazamy, Yousry M; Mufti, Hani N; Abu-Sulaiman, Riyadh; Mutairi, Mansour Al

    2010-04-01

    Transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA) in combination with aortopulmonary window (APW) is a very rare entity and carries high morbidity and mortality. Only few cases have been reported with this association. We report the first case of D-TGA and APW with mirror image dextrocardia which was repaired successfully. PMID:23960596

  6. If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... with Dr. Kenneth Saag, MD) If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dr. David Lee, MD In the Spotlight - Dr. ... Researcher Back to Home Page If I Had - Deep Vein Thrombosis - Dr. David Lee, MD (November 15, 2007 - Insidermedicine) ...

  7. Tuberculosis presenting as deep vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Gogna, A; Pradhan, G; Sinha, R.; Gupta, B

    1999-01-01

    We present two cases, women of 21 and 60 years old, who presented with deep vein thrombosis. Both cases had retroperitoneal para-aortic and iliac lymph node enlargement without any malignancy or other predisposing thrombophilic factors. Investigations revealed tubercular aetiology of the lymph nodes causing venae caval obstruction.???Keywords: retroperitoneal lymph nodes; tuberculosis; deep vein thrombosis

  8. Retinal vein occlusion: pathophysiology and treatment options

    OpenAIRE

    Niral Karia

    2010-01-01

    Niral KariaDepartment of Ophthalmology, Southend Hospital, Prittlewell Chase, Westcliff on Sea, Essex, United KingdomAbstract: This paper reviews the current thinking about retinal vein occlusion. It gives an overview of its pathophysiology and discusses the evidence behind the various established and emerging treatment paradigms.Keywords: central, hemispheric, branch, retinal vein occlusion, visual loss

  9. Ultrasound-guided subclavian vein catheterization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the usefulness of the ultrasound-guided subclavian vein catheterization in difficult patients. We tried subclavian vein catheterization in 18 patients in which conventional blind technique failed(N=9): or was complicated by hemothorax or pneumothorax(N=3): or was prohibited by respirator care(N=4) and severe thoracic deformity(N=2). Initially, the patency of subclavian vein was evaluated with ultrasonography, and then, the puncture of the subclavian vein was performed under the guidance of ultrasonography. Under the fluoroscopy, the patency of the proximal subclavian vein and the superior vena cava was evaluated after contrast-media injection and a catheter was inserted into the subclavian vein and accurately positioned at the superior vena cava. Successful catheterization was performed in 17 patients. In the remaining one patient, we did not perform catheterization because of bilateral subclavian vein thrombosis detected during the procedure. There were no procedure-related complications. Ultrasound-guided subclavian vein catheterization is an easy and safe method even in difficult cases

  10. New technique for lesser saphenous vein harvesting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamphere, J A; Daily, P O; Moreno, R J; Marcus, S; Dembitsky, W P; Adamson, R M; Burr, M; O'Neill, P

    1995-12-01

    A new technique using the Thompson self-retaining retractor system (Thompson Surgical Instruments, Inc, Traverse City, MI) to harvest lesser saphenous veins is presented. This modification, used in 10 patients undergoing redo myocardial revascularization, provided a rapid, comfortable, and convenient method for harvesting lesser saphenous veins. PMID:8787501

  11. Interventional treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the clinical significance of interventional treatment of iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS). Methods: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was performed in 40 cases. Thirty-three cases underwent endovascular stent implantation and 27 cases underwent second-stage left saphenous vein ligation and stripping and the valves of left femoral veins narrowing. Thirty-one cases were followed-up postoperatively and the duration was 6-66 months (mean 28 months). Results: The dilation of iliac veins was successful in 36 cases and there were god efficacy in all patients when they discharged from hospital. Followed-up during post-operation, all the limbs ulcers were cured and varicose veins disappeared. The skin pigmentation disappeared in 17 of 19 cases and markedly relieved in 2 cases. Left lower limb swelling disappeared in 15 of 17 cases and relieved in 2 cases. Conclusion: There is good efficacy in the interventional treatment of left iliac vein lesions, but second-stage procedures should be performed in secondary lesions of saphenous veins and valves of femoral veins

  12. A newborn liver mass that never existed: a somber reminder of embryonic ties between umbilical vein and portal venous system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haafiz A

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Allah Haafiz1, Jonathan L Williams2, Joel M Andres1, Don A Novak11Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology; 2Department of Pediatric Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USAAbstract: A 6-day-old, known to have transposition of the great vessels, received care in the neonatal intensive care unit at a tertiary care center. A computed tomography scan was performed for abdominal distention and upper gastrointestinal bleeding, which revealed a “mass lesion” in the left liver lobe. Analysis of antecedent events and the clinical and laboratory course uncovered an iatrogenic etiology and pathogenesis of the lesion. As the nature of the lesion was clarified, no specific therapy was required. This case is presented to show a serious yet preventable complication of a commonly performed procedure.Keywords: portal vein thrombosis, liver mass, umbilical venous catheter

  13. Inhibitory effect of TIMP influences the morphology of varicose veins.

    OpenAIRE

    Aravind, B; Saunders, B.; Navin, T; Sandison, A.; Monaco, C; Paleolog, EM; Davies, AH

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Imbalance of matrix metalloproteinase enzymes (MMP) and their inhibitors (TIMPs) may contribute to the development of varicose veins. We hypothesised that, histological changes in varicose vein wall correlate with alterations in expression of MMP/TIMP. METHODS: Varicose veins (n=26) were compared with great saphenous vein (GSV) segments (n=11) from arterial bypass, and with arm and neck veins from fistula and carotid operations (n=13). Varicose vein wall thickness was measured, en...

  14. Cavernous transformation of the portal vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this contribution, the authors give an account of a rare case of a cavernous transformation of the portal vein that may have originated secondarily in a proliferative hematogenous disease with a polyglobulia and thrombosis in the periferal blood count as well as development of portal hypertension of a prehepatal type. The state of hyper-coagulation in a myeloproliferative disease may have lead to a chronic thrombosis of the portal vein with a subsequent malformation of the portal vein in terms of a cavernous transformation of the portal vein. The case is an interesting one because of the discrepancy between the gravity of the thrombotic complication and slightness of the symptoms in the clinical picture. The authors point out the importance of ultrasonography and computed tomography examination following the intravenous application of a water solution of a contrast medium in a morphologic diagnosing of a rare complication of a chronic thrombotic clot of the portal vein - the cavernous transformation. (authors)

  15. Tensile Properties of Veins of Damselfly Wing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rupan Talucdher

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Microtension test of Costa and Radius veins of damselfly wing was conducted to measure tensile strength and modulus. The specimens were classified into fresh and dry depending on when the samples were prepared and tested. Fresh samples tested immediately after extracting from the fly while the dry samples were tested one year after extraction and stored in a desiccator. Measured load-displacement response and fracture load were used to calculate modulus and strength. Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope was used to measure the fracture morphology and cross-section of the vein. The results showed that the veins are brittle and fracture surface is flat. The average strength (232 - 285 MPa and modulus (14 - 17 GPa of the Costa and Radius veins were nearly same for both fresh and dry samples. The tensile modulus of the veins was 8% - 10% higher than the indentation (compressive modulus and was nearly the same as that of human bones.

  16. Guide Wire Migration During Femoral Vein Catheterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Khatami

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Central vein catheterization is a routine and relatively safe procedure in critically ill patients. Complications with this procedure depend to the site of catheterization and the skill of the operator. In addition to the common complications with femoral vein catheterization there are some rare usually preventable side effects related to guide wire and catheter. In our patient who underwent femoral catheterization for acute hemodialysis, we report migration of guide wire through the systemic circulation from the femoral vein to the jugular vein. This is a very rare complication that is a human error and is totally preventable by doing the procedure by a skilled doctor and considering the standards described for central vein catheter insertion.

  17. Maria Bonita: cultivar de manjericão tipo linalol Maria Bonita: a linalool type basil cultivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arie Fitzgerald Blank

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available 'Maria Bonita' é proveniente do acesso PI 197442, do Banco de Germoplasma North Central Regional PI Station, EUA. É uma cultivar de manjericão de copa arredondada, pétalas róseas e sépalas roxas, indicada para o Nordeste brasileiro. Apresenta hábito de crescimento ereto, o que favorece a colheita manual e mecanizada. A produtividade média de matéria seca de folhas e inflorescências foi de 20,97 g por planta, 26,34% superior à testemunha 'Genovese'. Possui teor de 4,96% de óleo essencial, e rendimento de 1,18 mL por planta. Seu componente principal é o linalol (78,12%. Seu óleo essencial possui atividades antinociceptiva e antigiardial.'Maria Bonita' is derived from the accession PI 197442, from the Germplasm Bank North Central Regional PI Station, USA. It is a basil cultivar with a rounded canopy, rose petals and purple sepals, and it is indicated for Brazilian Northeast region. 'Maria Bonita' presents erect growth habit, which is an advantage for both manual and mechanized harvest. The average yield of leaves dry weight and inflorescences was 20.97 g per plant, 26.34% higher than the control 'Genovese'. It presents 4.96% essential oil content, and yield of 1.18 mL per plant. The major chemical constituent is linalool (78.12%. Its essential oil presents antinociceptive and antigiardial activities.

  18. Maria Bonita: cultivar de manjericão tipo linalol / Maria Bonita: a linalool type basil cultivar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arie Fitzgerald, Blank; Evanildes Menezes de, Souza; Maria de Fátima, Arrigoni-Blank; José Welton Azevedo de, Paula; Péricles Barreto, Alves.

    1811-18-01

    Full Text Available 'Maria Bonita' é proveniente do acesso PI 197442, do Banco de Germoplasma North Central Regional PI Station, EUA. É uma cultivar de manjericão de copa arredondada, pétalas róseas e sépalas roxas, indicada para o Nordeste brasileiro. Apresenta hábito de crescimento ereto, o que favorece a colheita ma [...] nual e mecanizada. A produtividade média de matéria seca de folhas e inflorescências foi de 20,97 g por planta, 26,34% superior à testemunha 'Genovese'. Possui teor de 4,96% de óleo essencial, e rendimento de 1,18 mL por planta. Seu componente principal é o linalol (78,12%). Seu óleo essencial possui atividades antinociceptiva e antigiardial. Abstract in english 'Maria Bonita' is derived from the accession PI 197442, from the Germplasm Bank North Central Regional PI Station, USA. It is a basil cultivar with a rounded canopy, rose petals and purple sepals, and it is indicated for Brazilian Northeast region. 'Maria Bonita' presents erect growth habit, which i [...] s an advantage for both manual and mechanized harvest. The average yield of leaves dry weight and inflorescences was 20.97 g per plant, 26.34% higher than the control 'Genovese'. It presents 4.96% essential oil content, and yield of 1.18 mL per plant. The major chemical constituent is linalool (78.12%). Its essential oil presents antinociceptive and antigiardial activities.

  19. Chloroplast DNA phylogeography of holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) in Indian subcontinent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bast, Felix; Rani, Pooja; Meena, Devendra

    2014-01-01

    Ocimum tenuiflorum L., holy basil "Tulsi", is an important medicinal plant that is being grown and traditionally revered throughout Indian Subcontinent for thousands of years; however, DNA sequence-based genetic diversity of this aromatic herb is not yet known. In this report, we present our studies on the phylogeography of this species using trnL-trnF intergenic spacer of plastid genome as the DNA barcode for isolates from Indian subcontinent. Our pairwise distance analyses indicated that genetic heterogeneity of isolates remained quite low, with overall mean nucleotide p-distance of 5 × 10(-4). However, our sensitive phylogenetic analysis using maximum likelihood framework was able to reveal subtle intraspecific molecular evolution of this species within the subcontinent. All isolates except that from North-Central India formed a distinct phylogenetic clade, notwithstanding low bootstrap support and collapse of the clade in Bayesian Inference. North-Central isolates occupied more basal position compared to other isolates, which is suggestive of its evolutionarily primitive status. Indian isolates formed a monophyletic and well-supported clade within O. tenuiflorum clade, which indicates a distinct haplotype. Given the vast geographical area of more than 3 million km(2) encompassing many exclusive biogeographical and ecological zones, relatively low rate of evolution of this herb at this locus in India is particularly interesting. PMID:24523650

  20. Comparison of the Complications of Central Vein Catheters and Arterio-Venous Fistulae in Children on Chronic Hemodialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F Ghane Sherbaf

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Complications related to vascular access are among the most important causes of morbidity in children chronically on hemodialysis. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of the central vein catheters (CVC and arterio-venous fistulae (AVF in children on chronic hemodialysis. Methods: This study includes 68 children who have been treated with hemodialysis in Dr. Sheikh Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, during 2000-2005. Physical examination, clinical and paraclinical findings were recorded in special charts. Findings: Out of 68 patients treated with hemodialysis 29 (42.6% were female and 39 (57.3% male. The average duration time of hemodialysis was 15.8 months. Before performing AVF, the central venous catheters were placed in subclavian vein in 28 patients (41.1% and internal jugular vein in 26 patients (38.2%. The fistula placed was radio-cephalic in 29 (42.6% and brachio-basilic in 33 children (48.5%. 48 patients (77.4% underwent only one surgery for AVF. The most frequent complications of central venous catheters were: catheter infection (48.1%, inadvertent extraction of the catheters (7.4%, cardiac arrhythmia (1.8% and hemothorax (1.8%. The most common complications of AVF in decreasing order of frequency were: non-functional fistula due to thrombosis or hematoma (20.9%, infection (12.9%, aneurysms (11.2% and ischemia of the hand presenting as paresthesia, dysesthesia and pain (11.2%. Overall, 10 (18.5% patients were hospitalized due to the complications of CVC and 20 (29.4% for the complications of AVF. Conclusion: The most frequently observed complications of CVC and AVF were catheter infection and non-functional fistula. The risk factors for AVF dysfunction were young age, hypotension and hemodialysis without administration of heparin.

  1. MAPping Out Arteries and Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan E. Lamont (Canada; University of Calgary, Calgary AB REV)

    2006-10-03

    Growing evidence suggests that a genetic program specifies the identity of arteries and veins before the onset of circulation. A signaling cascade involving sonic hedgehog (Shh), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), the VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2), homeobox proteins Foxc1 and Foxc2, the Notch receptor, and the downstream transcription factor gridlock is required for expression of arterial markers, whereas only a single transcription factor, COUP-TFII (chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter–transcription factor II), has previously been implicated in maintaining venous fate. Recent work has now implicated two competing pathways downstream of VEGFR2 in arterial versus venous specification: Activation of the phospholipase C–? (PLC-?)–mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway acts in arterial specification, whereas the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)–Akt pathway acts to allow a venous fate by inhibition of the PLC-?–MAPK pathway. Here, we review this work and discuss how activation of the MAPK signaling cascade could stimulate an arterial fate.

  2. Comprehensive international management for left iliac vein compression syndrome complicated with deep vein thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate comprehensive international management in treating left iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS) complicated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods: Transcatheter thrombolysis via jugular catheterization, balloon dilatation angioplasty and/or stent implantation were performed in 28 patients with DVT caused by IVCS. Inferior vena cava filter implantation was carried out before thrombolytic therapy in patients whose thrombosis had extended into the inferior vena cava. Both the clinical data and the therapeutic results were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The diagnosis was confirmed with preoperative ultrasonography and angiography during operation in all 28 patients. Temporary retrievable inferior vena cava filter was implanted in 5 patients. Catheter-directed thrombolysis via jugular vein and percutaneous transcatheter angioplasty with balloon dilatation of the left iliac vein were performed in all patients. Stent implantation in the left iliac vein was employed in six patients. After the treatment the swelling of extremity was markedly reduced or even disappeared. Satisfactory clinical results were obtained during the follow-up period of 3-12 months. Conclusion: For iliac vein compression syndrome complicated by deep vein thrombosis,the combination of inferior vena cava filter implantation, catheter-directed thrombolysis via jugular vein,and balloon dilatation together with stent placement for compressed iliac vein is a safe, miniinvasive andsed iliac vein is a safe, miniinvasive and effective therapy. It is well worth popularizing this technique in clinical practice. (authors)

  3. Valsalva and gravitational variability of the internal jugular vein and common femoral vein: Ultrasound assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beddy, P. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland)]. E-mail: pbeddy@eircom.net; Geoghegan, T. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Ramesh, N. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Buckley, O. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); O' Brien, J. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Colville, J. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland); Torreggiani, W.C. [Department of Radiology, The Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin 24 (Ireland)

    2006-05-15

    Purpose: Central venous cannulation via the common femoral vein is an important starting point for many interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum conditions for cannulation of the femoral vein and to compare these with the relative changes in the internal jugular vein. Methods: High-resolution 2D ultrasound was utilised to determine variability of the calibre of the femoral and internal jugular veins in 10 healthy subjects. Venous diameter was assessed during the Valsalva manoeuvre and in different degrees of the Trendelenburg position. Results: The Valsalva manoeuvre significantly increased the size of the femoral and internal jugular veins. There was a relatively greater increase in femoral vein diameter when compared with the internal jugular vein of 40 and 29%, respectively. Changes in body inclination (Trendelenburg position) did not significantly alter the luminal diameter of the femoral vein. However, it significantly increased internal jugular vein diameter. Conclusions: Femoral vein cannulation is augmented by the Valsalva manoeuvre but not significantly altered by the gravitational position of the subject.

  4. Valsalva and gravitational variability of the internal jugular vein and common femoral vein: Ultrasound assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Central venous cannulation via the common femoral vein is an important starting point for many interventions. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimum conditions for cannulation of the femoral vein and to compare these with the relative changes in the internal jugular vein. Methods: High-resolution 2D ultrasound was utilised to determine variability of the calibre of the femoral and internal jugular veins in 10 healthy subjects. Venous diameter was assessed during the Valsalva manoeuvre and in different degrees of the Trendelenburg position. Results: The Valsalva manoeuvre significantly increased the size of the femoral and internal jugular veins. There was a relatively greater increase in femoral vein diameter when compared with the internal jugular vein of 40 and 29%, respectively. Changes in body inclination (Trendelenburg position) did not significantly alter the luminal diameter of the femoral vein. However, it significantly increased internal jugular vein diameter. Conclusions: Femoral vein cannulation is augmented by the Valsalva manoeuvre but not significantly altered by the gravitational position of the subject

  5. Portal vein gas in emergency surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmood Hind

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Portal vein gas is an ominous radiological sign, which indicates a serious gastrointestinal problem in the majority of patients. Many causes have been identified and the most important was bowel ischemia and mesenteric vascular accident. The presentation of patients is varied and the diagnosis of the underlying problem depends mainly on the radiological findings and clinical signs. The aim of this article is to show the clinical importance of portal vein gas and its management in emergency surgery. Methods A computerised search was made of the Medline for publications discussing portal vein gas through March 2008. Sixty articles were identified and selected for this review because of their relevance. These articles cover a period from 1975–2008. Results Two hundreds and seventy-five patients with gas in the portal venous system were reported. The commonest cause for portal vein gas was bowel ischemia and mesenteric vascular pathology (61.44%. This was followed by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (16.26%, obstruction and dilatation (9.03%, sepsis (6.6%, iatrogenic injury and trauma (3.01% and cancer (1.8%. Idiopathic portal vein gas was also reported (1.8%. Conclusion Portal vein gas is a diagnostic sign, which indicates a serious intra-abdominal pathology requiring emergency surgery in the majority of patients. Portal vein gas due to simple and benign cause can be treated conservatively. Correlation between clinical and diagnostic findings is important to set the management plan.

  6. Consórcio de manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L. e alface sob dois arranjos de plantas Intercrop of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. and lettuce under two plant arrangements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C. Vieira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae é comercialmente utilizada como aromatizante ou condimento preparado com suas folhas verdes e aromáticas, que podem ser usadas frescas ou secas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produção de biomassa de manjericão sob duas ou três fileiras no canteiro, consorciado ou não com alface. O manjericão e a alface foram alocados no campo em experimento conjunto, sendo constituídos cinco tratamentos da seguinte forma: duas fileiras solteiras de manjericão (M2 espaçadas de 0,50 m; três fileiras solteiras de manjericão espaçadas de 0,33 m (M3; quatro fileiras solteiras de alface espaçadas de 0,25 m (A4; duas fileiras solteiras de manjericão consorciadas com quatro fileiras de alface (M2A4 e três fileiras de manjericão consorciada com quatro fileiras de alface (M3A4. O delineamento utilizado foi em blocos casualizados, com oito repetições. As plantas de alface foram colhidas aos 48 dias após o transplantio e as de manjericão, em duas épocas, aos 96 e 113 dias após o transplantio (DAT. O consórcio não influenciou as áreas foliares nem as produções de folhas ou inflorescências do manjericão nem de cabeças comerciais ou não-comerciais da alface. No entanto, quanto ao arranjo de plantas, na segunda época de colheita, as plantas de manjericão cultivadas sob duas fileiras tiveram maior área foliar (2.076,99 cm² planta-1 e maior massa fresca de folhas (5.012,53 kg ha-1. Considerando-se que os valores da Razão de Área Equivalente - RAE na primeira e segunda colheita do manjericão foram maiores que 1,0, conclui-se que o consórcio manjericão com alface é viável. Recomenda-se o arranjo de três fileiras de manjericão alternadas com quatro fileiras de alface, e colheita aos 96 DAT, por ter tido RAE de 2,01.Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae is used commercially as flavoring or seasoning that was prepared with its green and aromatic leaves, which can be used fresh or dried. The aim of this work was to evaluate yield of biomass of basil under two or three rows per plot, intercropped or not with lettuce. Basil and lettuce were planted at field in joined experiment, which established five treatments: two rows of basil in monocrop system (M2 spaced 0.50 m; three rows of basil in monocrop system spaced 0.33 m (M3; four rows of lettuce in monocrop system spaced 0.25 m (A4; two rows of basil in monocrop system and intercropped with four rows of lettuce (M2A4 and three rows of basil intercropped with four rows of lettuce (M3A4. Used design was randomized blocks with eight replications. Lettuce plants were harvested on 48 days after transplanting and basil plants were harvested in two dates, on 96 and on 113 days after transplanting (DAT. Intercrop did not influence on foliar area neither on yields of leaves of inflorescences of basil neither on commercial or non-commercial lettuce heads. Although, regarding plant arrangement, on second harvest date, basil plants that were cultivated under two rows had the greatest foliar area (2,076.99 cm² plant-1 and the greatest fresh masses of leaves (5,012.53 kg ha-1. Considering that the values of Equivalent Area Ration in the first and the second harvest of basil were higher than 1.0. It was concluded that to intercrop basil with lettuce is viable. It is recommended the arrangement of three rows of basil alternated with four rows of lettuce, with harvested at 96 DAT, because it had EAR of 2.01.

  7. A reappraisal of saphenous vein grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Shi-Min

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Autologous saphenous vein grafting has been broadly used as a bypass conduit, interposition graft, and patch graft in a variety of operations in cardiac, thoracic, neurovascular, general vascular, vascular access, and urology surgeries, since they are superior to prosthetic veins. Modified saphenous vein grafts (SVG, including spiral and cylindrical grafts, and vein cuffs or patches, are employed in vascular revascularization to satisfy the large size of the receipt vessels or to obtain a better patency. A loop SVG helps flap survival in a muscle flap transfer in plastic and reconstructive surgery. For dialysis or transfusion purposes, a straight or loop arteriovenous fistula created in the forearm or the thigh with an SVG has acceptable patency. The saphenous vein has even been used as a stent cover to minimize the potential complications of standard angioplasty technique. However, the use of saphenous vein grafting is now largely diminished in treating cerebrovascular disorders, superior vena cava syndrome, and visceral revascularization due to the introduction of angioplasty and stenting techniques. The SVG remains the preferable biomaterial in coronary artery bypass, coronary ostioplasty, free flap transfer, and surgical treatment of Peyronie disease. Implications associated with saphenous vein grafting in vascular access surgery for the purpose of dialysis and chemotherapy are considerable. Vascular cuffs and patches have been developed as an important and effective means of enhancing the patency rates of the grafts by linking the synthetic material to the receipt vessel. In addition, saphenous veins can be a cell source for tissue engineering. We review the versatile roles that saphenous vein grafting has played as well as its current status in therapy.

  8. Brain vein disorders in newborn infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raets, Marlou; Dudink, Jeroen; Raybaud, Charles; Ramenghi, Luca; Lequin, Maarten; Govaert, Paul

    2015-03-01

    The brain veins of infants are in a complex phase of remodelling in the perinatal period. Magnetic resonance venography and susceptibility-weighted imaging, together with high-resolution Doppler ultrasound, have provided new tools to aid study of venous developmental anatomy and disease. This review aims to provide a comprehensive background of vein development and perinatal venous lesions in preterm and term-born infants, and to encourage further research in both the fetus and the newborn infant, with the aim of preventing or mitigating parenchymal injury related to diseases involving veins. PMID:25212961

  9. Acupuncture Points of the Horse’s Distal Thoracic Limb: A Neuroanatomic Approach to the Transposition of Traditional Points

    OpenAIRE

    Lancaster, Lisa S.; Bowker, Robert M.

    2012-01-01

    Veterinary acupuncture charts were developed based on the concept of transpositional points whereby human acupuncture maps were adapted to animal anatomy. Transpositional acupuncture points have traditionally been placed in specific locations around the horse’s coronet and distal limb believed to be the closest approximation to the human distal limb points. Because the horse has a single digit and lacks several structures analogous to the human hand and foot, precisely transposing all of th...

  10. Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf powder and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) leaf paste on sensory and nutritional qualities of beef and ham burgers – A preliminary study

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriel Teye; Moses Teye; Bright Mustapha; Alexander Abu

    2013-01-01

    Moringa leaf powder and sweet basil leaf paste are commonly used in local dishes in Ghana for purposes of flavour enhancement and nutrient supplements. This study was conducted to determine the effects of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf powder (MLP) and Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) leaf paste (SBLP) on the sensory characteristics and nutritional compositions of beef and hamburgers. MLP and SBLP were incorporated at 0g (Control, T1), 2g, 4g and 6g/kg meat (T2, T3 and T4 respectively) during ...

  11. Research progress in non-permanent vein cava filters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vein cava filter placement has already become one of the most effective measures for preventing pulmonary embolism which is usually secondary to deep vein thrombosis. With the development of research, non-permanent vein cava filter has been widely used. This paper aims to describe the recent progress in the research of non-permanent vein cava filters. (authors)

  12. Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) (Beyond the Basics)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... embolism in pregnancy: Treatment Diagnosis of suspected deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremity Etiology, clinical features, and diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis Evaluating patients with established venous thromboembolism ...

  13. Laparoscopic approach in the ovarian vein syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almeida Arakén

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The main objective of this article is to describe ureterolysis and ovarian vein resection laparoscopic technique. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: With the patient in a 45o flank position, 3 trocars are used, 1 of 12 mm in the umbilicus for the optic passage, and 2 of 5 and 10 mm inserted in right hypochondrium and iliac fossa, respectively, for the forceps and stapler passage. The ureter and ovarian vein are identified after the mobilization of the colon. Both structures are dissected, with one ovarian vein segment is resected between metallic clips. COMMENTS: the ureteral approach by transperitoneal laparoscopy and colon mobilization facilitates its dissection, identify its relation to other structures, as well as making possible the concomitant treatment of gynecological diseases. For the ovarian syndrome treatment, ureterolysis and ovarian vein resection are performed, using only 3 trocars. Owing to its simplicity, low morbidity, and good results obtained, this procedure represents a good option for the surgical management of this syndrome.

  14. The diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Angiodynography of the pelvic and deep leg veins was compared with ascending phlebography in a prospective study, comprising 102 examinations. Improved detection of flow following the introduction of the so-called 'slow flow technique' permitted direct visualisation of the tibio-fibular veins in the second stage of this study (26 examinations). Demonstration or exclusion of femoro-popliteal thrombosis achieved a sensitivity of 95% and 90% respectively and a specificity of 99% and 97%. During the first part of this study, demonstration of calf vein thrombosis had a low sensitivity of 72%. This was improved by the introduction of a new high-pass filter resulting in the detection of all occlusions (nine). The sonographic signs of acute and chronic occlusions overlap somewhat. Colour demonstration showed eccentric, non-linear channels in two out of three cases and was able to exclude thrombus, although the veins could not be compressed. (orig.)

  15. Aneurysm of the vein of Galen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a case of a vein of Galen aneurysm in a neonate in which MR imaging provided essentially all pertinent diagnostic information prior to surgery. MR findings correlated well with selective cerebral angiography. (orig./MG)

  16. Personal Authentication System using Hand Vein Biometric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Sathish

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available With an increasing emphasis on security, automated personal identification using hand vein biometric feature is becoming a very active topic in both research and practical applications. The objective of this work is to present a biometric authentication system for high security physical access control based on hand vein pattern. Hand vein biometric is selected, as it is foolproof, offers higher security and reliable for identification.The feature extraction stage consists of removal of the noise inherent using various filtering techniques and extraction of the most discriminating information present in the images using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Adaptive Thresholding techniques. The proposed recognition system makes use of hausdorff distance as matching parameter. The biometric system developed was tested on WASET hand vein image database of Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Automation is used and the system is implemented in MATLAB. The proposed approach found to report higher verification accuracy of 99.5%.

  17. Laparoscopic approach in the ovarian vein syndrome

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Arakén, Almeida; Francisco, Cavalcanti; Sávio, Barbosa; Roberto, Cohen; Amaury, Medeiros.

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The main objective of this article is to describe ureterolysis and ovarian vein resection laparoscopic technique. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: With the patient in a 45o flank position, 3 trocars are used, 1 of 12 mm in the umbilicus for the optic passage, and 2 of 5 and 10 mm inserted in right [...] hypochondrium and iliac fossa, respectively, for the forceps and stapler passage. The ureter and ovarian vein are identified after the mobilization of the colon. Both structures are dissected, with one ovarian vein segment is resected between metallic clips. COMMENTS: the ureteral approach by transperitoneal laparoscopy and colon mobilization facilitates its dissection, identify its relation to other structures, as well as making possible the concomitant treatment of gynecological diseases. For the ovarian syndrome treatment, ureterolysis and ovarian vein resection are performed, using only 3 trocars. Owing to its simplicity, low morbidity, and good results obtained, this procedure represents a good option for the surgical management of this syndrome.

  18. Visual loss following sclerotherapy for varicose veins

    OpenAIRE

    Leong, James Chiung Yoong; Johnston, Nicholas Robert

    2011-01-01

    The authors report the case of a 66-year-old lady referred to the acute eye clinic with left homonymous hemianopia following sclerotherapy for left lower limb varicose veins and review the literature on sclerotherapy-induced visual loss.

  19. A Survey of Vein Recognition Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Wei Tsai

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Biometric technology is an efficient personal authentication and identification technique. As one of the main-stream branches, vein recognition has drawn much attention among researchers and diverse users. This study proposes a survey of vein recognition techniques. The basic principle, key techniques, performance evaluation metrics, application fields and future trends are extensively analyzed. In particular, in the key techniques, most previous work is systematically described and compared in three parts, i.e., vein image acquisition and preprocessing, feature extraction and feature matching. According to the available work in theoretical analysis reports in literatures and commercial utilization experiences, vein recognition has been proved to be an effective, secure and reliable choice of high precision among biometrics techniques. It maintains an excellent promise in various applications.

  20. Evaluation of leg varicose veins by MR venography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preoperative evaluation was conducted on 30 patients with leg varicose veins by MR venography (MRV), and compared with conventional venography, MR images were performed by the 3D-SMASH Method. Compared with venography, MRV could more clearly demonstrate leg varicose veins with perforating veins than venography. It could detected fine varicose veins more than 2 mm in diameter, and deep veins. Furthermore, 3D observation enables accurate detection of the location of perforating vein. In conclusion, MRV is useful for the diagnosis of leg varicose vein. (author)

  1. Classification of draining veins on cavernosogram in impotent men

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bae, Geum Dong; Cho, Hyun Chang; Lee, Jong Beum; Kim, Kun Sang [Chung Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1990-12-15

    The authors reviewed and analysed cavernosograms of 41 men with venous impotence to verify the multiplicity and to classify the main routes of leak veins. Among 41 cases the main routes of venous leaks were Proper Cavernosal Vein(27 cases [66%]), Deep Dorsal Vein(24 cases [59%]). Crural Vein(22 cases [54%]), and Superficial Dorsal Vein(12 cases [29%]) in decreasing order. The multiplicity of leak veins were shown in 30 out of 41 cases(73%). To improve the success rate of ligation of all leaking veins, cavernosograms are essential as a preoperative study to verify the multiplicity and the main route of leaks.

  2. Classification of draining veins on cavernosogram in impotent men

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors reviewed and analysed cavernosograms of 41 men with venous impotence to verify the multiplicity and to classify the main routes of leak veins. Among 41 cases the main routes of venous leaks were Proper Cavernosal Vein(27 cases [66%]), Deep Dorsal Vein(24 cases [59%]). Crural Vein(22 cases [54%]), and Superficial Dorsal Vein(12 cases [29%]) in decreasing order. The multiplicity of leak veins were shown in 30 out of 41 cases(73%). To improve the success rate of ligation of all leaking veins, cavernosograms are essential as a preoperative study to verify the multiplicity and the main route of leaks

  3. Solar radiation transposition models applied to a plane tracking the sun

    OpenAIRE

    Ineichen, Pierre; Zelenka, A.; Guisan, Olivier; Razafindraibe, A.

    1988-01-01

    Many solar radiation transposition models, from a horizontal plane to any fixed inclined surface, have been compared with measurements from different sites. The tests here were carried out for four top-ranked models and with measurements taken on a plane tracking the sun. The best precision obtained in this study is ±7% on the global solar radiation and ±20% on the diffuse solar radiation with a zero bias.

  4. Correction of incomplete penoscrotal transposition by a modified Glenn-Anderson technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleh Amin

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Penoscrotal transposition may be partial or complete, resulting in variable degrees of positional exchanges between the penis and the scrotum. Repairs of penoscrotal transposition rely on the creation of rotational flaps to mobilise the scrotum downwards or transpose the penis to a neo hole created in the skin of the mons-pubis. All known techniques result in complete circular incision around the root of the penis, resulting in severe and massive oedema of the penile skin, which delays correction of the associated hypospadias and increases the incidence of complications, as the skin vascularity and lymphatics are impaired by the designed incision. A new design to prevent this post-operative oedema, allowing early correction of the associated hypospadias and lowering the incidence of possible complications, had been used, whose results were compared with other methods of correction. Materials and Methods: Ten patients with incomplete penoscrotal transposition had been corrected by designing rotational flaps that push the scrotum back while the penile skin remains attached by small strip to the skin of the mons-pubis. Results : All patients showed an excellent cosmetic outcome. There was minimal post-operative oedema and no vascular compromise to the penile or scrotal skin. Correction of associated hypospadias can be performed in the same sitting or in another sitting, without or with minimal complications. Conclusion: This modification, which maintains the penile skin connected to the skin of the lower abdomen by a small strip of skin during correction of penoscrotal transposition, prevents post-operative oedema and improves healing with excellent cosmetic appearance, allows one-stage repair with minimal complications and reduce post-operative complications such as urinary fistula and flap necrosis.

  5. Tn4563 transposition in Streptomyces coelicolor and its application to isolation of new morphological mutants.

    OpenAIRE

    Schauer, A T; Nelson, A. D.; Daniel, J B

    1991-01-01

    The Tn3-like transposon Tn4556 (and its derivatives Tn4560 and Tn4563) has been used for insertion mapping of genetic loci cloned on plasmids, but it has been difficult to obtain chromosomal insertions, largely because of the lack of a strong selection against transposon donor molecules. In this communication, we report two efficient selection techniques for transposition and their use in the isolation of chromosomal insertion mutations. A number of independent Streptomyces coelicolor morphol...

  6. Transposition of the IS21-related element IS1415 in Rhodococcus erythropolis.

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy, I; Schoofs, G.; Vanderleyden, J; De Mot, R

    1997-01-01

    Three copies of the IS21-related transposable element IS1415 were identified in Rhodococcus erythropolis NI86/21. Adjacent to one of the IS1415 copies, a 47-bp sequence nearly identical to the conserved 5' end of integrons was found. Accurate transposition of IS1415 carrying a chloramphenicol resistance gene (Tn5561) was demonstrated following delivery from a suicide vector to R. erythropolis SQ1.

  7. Midterm results after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries: a single centre experience

    OpenAIRE

    Popov Aron Frederik; Tirilomis Theodor; Giesler Michael; Oguz Coskun Kasim; Hinz Jose; Hanekop Gerd Gunnar; Gravenhorst Verena; Paul Thomas; Ruschewski Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The arterial switch operation (ASO) has become the surgical approach of choice for d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). There is, however an increased incidence of midterm and longterm adverse sequelae in some survivors. In order to evaluate operative risk and midterm outcome in this population, we reviewed patients who underwent ASO for TGA at our centre. Methods In this retrospective study 52 consecutive patients with TGA who underwent ASO between 04/1991 and 1...

  8. Endovenous Thermal Ablation of the Saphenous Vein

    OpenAIRE

    Niedzwiecki, Gerald

    2005-01-01

    Endovenous saphenous vein obliteration in the form of radiofrequency or laser therapies has quickly ascended to a position of prime importance in the treatment of reflux within the superficial venous system. The technical aspects of these procedures, as well as their decreased morbidity when compared with saphenous vein stripping, make them highly appealing to both practitioners and patients alike. Less bruising, less pain, and less postoperative recovery are associated with these endovenous ...

  9. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the innominate vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, Giulio; Miraldi, Fabio; Mazzesi, Giuseppe; D'urso, Antonio; Ceccanei, Gianluca; Bezzi, Marcello

    2007-01-01

    Primary venous leiomyosarcoma is rare. We report the case of a primary leiomyosarcoma of the left innominate vein, with neoplastic thrombus extending into the left jugular and subclavian veins. The tumor was curatively resected en bloc with anterior mediastinal and laterocervical lymphatics, through a median sternotomy prolonged into left cervicotomy. Primary venous sarcomas may be associated with prolonged survival in individual cases, with curative resection recommended as the standard treatment, in the absence of distant spread. PMID:17349340

  10. Strain analysis using deformed quartz veins

    OpenAIRE

    Druguet, Elena; Griera, Albert

    1997-01-01

    A detailed strain analysis of structures developed in anisotropic rocks from the Cap de Creus area is made using deformed quartz veins. Data on stretch of differently oriented veins allow to calculate the best-fit ellipsoids for different localities applying the minimum squared method. The results show that regional deformation in this area involved NW-SE shortening, with area loss in the horizontal section, and vertical extension. Structural and rheological controls are suggested to explain ...

  11. CT in thrombosed dilated posterior epidural vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report a case of thrombosis of the distal end of an enlarged right posterior epidural vein. The patient had a markedly narrow lumbar canal due to L5 spondylolisthesis. The dilated vein and the thrombosis were displayed by computed tomography but remained unrecognized until surgery. Pathogenesis of this condition is discussed. A review of the English, French and German literature revealed no prior radiological reports of a similar condition. (orig.)

  12. Deep vein thrombosis of the leg

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ascending contrast venography is the definitive standard method for the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities. Authors analysed 22 cases of DVT clinically and radiographically. 1.The patients ranged in age from 15 to 70 yrs and the most prevalent age group was 7th decade (31%). There was an equal distribution of males and females. 2.In 11 cases of 22 cases, variable etiologic factors were recognized, such as abdominal surgery, chronic bedridden state, local trauma on the leg, pregnancy, postpartum, Behcet's syndrome, iliac artery aneurysm, and chronic medication of estrogen. 3.Nineteen cases out of 22 cases showed primary venographic signs of DVT, such as well-defined filling defect in opacified veins and narrowed, irregularly filled venous lumen. In only 3 cases, the diagnosis of DVT was base upon the segmental nonvisualization of deep veins with good opacification of proximal and distal veins and presence of collaterals. 4.Extent of thrombosis: 3 cases were confined to calf vein, 4 cases extended to femoral vein, and 15 cases had involvement above iliac vein. 5.In 17 cases involving relatively long segment of deep veins, propagation pattern of thrombus was evaluated by its radiologic morphology according to the age of thrombus: 9 cases suggested central or antegrade propagation pattern and 8 cases, peripheral or retrograde pattern. 6.None of 22 cases showed clinical evidence of pulmonary embolism. The cause of the rarity of pulmonary embolThe cause of the rarity of pulmonary embolism in Korean in presumed to be related to the difference in major involving site and propagation pattern of DVT in the leg

  13. Consórcio de manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L.) e alface sob dois arranjos de plantas / Intercrop of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and lettuce under two plant arrangements

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M.C., Vieira; A., Carlesso; N.A., Heredia Zárate; W.L.F., Gonçalves; L.A., Tabaldi; E., Melgarejo.

    Full Text Available Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) é comercialmente utilizada como aromatizante ou condimento preparado com suas folhas verdes e aromáticas, que podem ser usadas frescas ou secas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produção de biomassa de manjericão sob duas ou três fileiras no canteiro, consorcia [...] do ou não com alface. O manjericão e a alface foram alocados no campo em experimento conjunto, sendo constituídos cinco tratamentos da seguinte forma: duas fileiras solteiras de manjericão (M2) espaçadas de 0,50 m; três fileiras solteiras de manjericão espaçadas de 0,33 m (M3); quatro fileiras solteiras de alface espaçadas de 0,25 m (A4); duas fileiras solteiras de manjericão consorciadas com quatro fileiras de alface (M2A4) e três fileiras de manjericão consorciada com quatro fileiras de alface (M3A4). O delineamento utilizado foi em blocos casualizados, com oito repetições. As plantas de alface foram colhidas aos 48 dias após o transplantio e as de manjericão, em duas épocas, aos 96 e 113 dias após o transplantio (DAT). O consórcio não influenciou as áreas foliares nem as produções de folhas ou inflorescências do manjericão nem de cabeças comerciais ou não-comerciais da alface. No entanto, quanto ao arranjo de plantas, na segunda época de colheita, as plantas de manjericão cultivadas sob duas fileiras tiveram maior área foliar (2.076,99 cm² planta-1) e maior massa fresca de folhas (5.012,53 kg ha-1). Considerando-se que os valores da Razão de Área Equivalente - RAE na primeira e segunda colheita do manjericão foram maiores que 1,0, conclui-se que o consórcio manjericão com alface é viável. Recomenda-se o arranjo de três fileiras de manjericão alternadas com quatro fileiras de alface, e colheita aos 96 DAT, por ter tido RAE de 2,01. Abstract in english Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) is used commercially as flavoring or seasoning that was prepared with its green and aromatic leaves, which can be used fresh or dried. The aim of this work was to evaluate yield of biomass of basil under two or three rows per plot, intercropped or not with lettuce. Ba [...] sil and lettuce were planted at field in joined experiment, which established five treatments: two rows of basil in monocrop system (M2) spaced 0.50 m; three rows of basil in monocrop system spaced 0.33 m (M3); four rows of lettuce in monocrop system spaced 0.25 m (A4); two rows of basil in monocrop system and intercropped with four rows of lettuce (M2A4) and three rows of basil intercropped with four rows of lettuce (M3A4). Used design was randomized blocks with eight replications. Lettuce plants were harvested on 48 days after transplanting and basil plants were harvested in two dates, on 96 and on 113 days after transplanting (DAT). Intercrop did not influence on foliar area neither on yields of leaves of inflorescences of basil neither on commercial or non-commercial lettuce heads. Although, regarding plant arrangement, on second harvest date, basil plants that were cultivated under two rows had the greatest foliar area (2,076.99 cm² plant-1) and the greatest fresh masses of leaves (5,012.53 kg ha-1). Considering that the values of Equivalent Area Ration in the first and the second harvest of basil were higher than 1.0. It was concluded that to intercrop basil with lettuce is viable. It is recommended the arrangement of three rows of basil alternated with four rows of lettuce, with harvested at 96 DAT, because it had EAR of 2.01.

  14. Subclavian vein thrombosis: A continuing challenge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subclavian vein thrombosis is a relatively uncommon but potentially morbid disease entity. To determine the frequency, cause, and best mode of treatment of this problem, we performed a chart review of all patients with a diagnosis of subclavian vein thrombosis at two major metropolitan hospitals during a 6-year period. A total of 40 patients were identified with subclavian vein thrombosis, which represented 3.5% of all venous thromboses detected during the 6-year period. No side or sex predilection was noted and the majority of patients were outpatients. The cause was fairly evenly divided among intravenous catheters (32%), anatomic abnormalities (45%), and carcinoma with postoperative radiation (22.5%). Despite the increasing use of the subclavian veins for pacemaker leads, hyperalimentation, and permanent intravenous access for chemotherapy, there has not been an increase in diagnosed subclavian vein thrombosis. Anatomic abnormalities with compression of the vein respond well to either heparinization or lytic therapy but require surgery if the venous abnormality persists. Treatment consisted of lytic therapy in 20%, heparinization in 55%, and elevation with removal of the central line in 25% of patients. All patients responded well to treatment, with a decrease in swelling and symptoms; no patient progressed to venous gangrene and only one (2.5%) had a documented pulmonary embolus. Medical treatment provides excellent long-term benefit in most cases unless complicaterm benefit in most cases unless complicated by an anatomic abnormality

  15. Requirement of IS911 replication before integration defines a new bacterial transposition pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duval-Valentin, G; Marty-Cointin, B; Chandler, M

    2004-10-01

    Movement of transposable elements is often accompanied by replication to ensure their proliferation. Replication is associated with both major classes of transposition mechanisms: cut-and-paste and cointegrate formation (paste-and-copy). Cut-and-paste transposition is often activated by replication of the transposon, while in cointegrate formation replication completes integration. We describe a novel transposition mechanism used by insertion sequence IS911, which we call copy-and-paste. IS911 transposes using a circular intermediate (circle), which then integrates into a target. We demonstrate that this is derived from a branched intermediate (figure-eight) in which both ends are joined by a single-strand bridge after a first-strand transfer. In vivo labelling experiments show that the process of circle formation is replicative. The results indicate that the replication pathway not only produces circles from figure-eight but also regenerates the transposon donor plasmid. To confirm the replicative mechanism, we have also used the Escherichia coli terminators (terC) which, when bound by the Tus protein, inhibit replication forks in a polarised manner. Finally, we demonstrate that the primase DnaG is essential, implicating a host-specific replication pathway. PMID:15359283

  16. Haplotype-resolved whole genome sequencing by contiguity preserving transposition and combinatorial indexing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amini, Sasan; Pushkarev, Dmitry; Christiansen, Lena; Kostem, Emrah; Royce, Tom; Turk, Casey; Pignatelli, Natasha; Adey, Andrew; Kitzman, Jacob O.; Vijayan, Kandaswamy; Ronaghi, Mostafa; Shendure, Jay; Gunderson, Kevin L.; Steemers, Frank J.

    2015-01-01

    Haplotype-resolved genomes equencing enables accurate interpretation of medically relevant genetic variation, deep inferences regarding population history, and the non-invasive prediction of fetal genomes. We describe an approach for genome-wide haplotyping based on contiguity preserving transposition (CPT-Seq) and combinatorial indexing. Tn5 transposition is used to modify DNA with adapter and index sequences while preserving contiguity. After dilution and compartmentalization, the transposase is removed, resolving the DNA into individually indexed libraries. The libraries in each compartment, enriched for neighboring genomic elements, are further indexed via PCR. Combinatorial 96-plex indexing at both the transposition and PCR stage enables the construction of phased synthetic reads from each of the nearly 10,000 “virtual compartments”. We demonstrate feasibility of this method by assembling >95% of heterozygous variants in a human genome into long, accurate haplotype blocks (N50 = 1.4–2.3 Mb). The rapid, scalable, and cost-effective workflow could enable haplotype resolution to become routine in human genome sequencing. PMID:25326703

  17. DNA transposition by protein transduction of the piggyBac transposase from lentiviral Gag precursors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cai, Yujia; Bak, Rasmus O.

    2013-01-01

    DNA transposon-based vectors have emerged as gene vehicles with a wide biomedical and therapeutic potential. So far, genomic insertion of such vectors has relied on the co-delivery of genetic material encoding the gene-inserting transposase protein, raising concerns related to persistent expression, insertional mutagenesis and cytotoxicity. This report describes potent DNA transposition achieved by direct delivery of transposase protein. By adapting integrase-deficient lentiviral particles (LPs) as carriers of the hyperactive piggyBac transposase protein (hyPBase), we demonstrate rates of DNA transposition that are comparable with the efficiency of a conventional plasmid-based strategy. Embedded in the Gag polypeptide, hyPBase is robustly incorporated into LPs and liberated from the viral proteins by the viral protease during particle maturation. We demonstrate lentiviral co-delivery of the transposase protein and vector RNA carrying the transposon sequence, allowing robust DNA transposition in a variety of cell types. Importantly, this novel delivery method facilitates a balanced cellular uptake of hyPBase, as shown by confocal microscopy, and allows high-efficiency production of clones harboring a single transposon insertion. Our findings establish engineered LPs as a new tool for transposase delivery. We believe that protein transduction methods will increase applicability and safety of DNA transposon-based vector technologies.

  18. The structure and function of giraffe jugular vein valves

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Graham; Sittert, Sybrand J.; Skinner, J. D.

    2009-01-01

    When a giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) lowers its head to drink, blood could enter the jugular vein from the inferior vena cava or regurgitate from the jugular veins into the cranial veins. We investigated the anatomy of jugular valves in giraffes to establish if they could prevent either of these regurgitations. Jugular vein length and intervalve distances of 396 valves (192 left, 204 right) were measured in 60 veins from 25 adult (11 males and 14 females) and five foetal giraffes. The aver...

  19. Varicose Veins: Role of Mechanotransduction of Venous Hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Atta, Hussein M.

    2012-01-01

    Varicose veins affect approximately one-third of the adult population and result in significant psychological, physical, and financial burden. Nevertheless, the molecular pathogenesis of varicose vein formation remains unidentified. Venous hypertension exerted on veins of the lower extremity is considered the principal factor in varicose vein formation. The role of mechanotransduction of the high venous pressure in the pathogenesis of varicose vein formation has not been adequately investigat...

  20. Induced chorioretinal venous anastomosis in experimental retinal branch vein occlusion.

    OpenAIRE

    Mcallister, I. L.; Yu, D. Y.; Vijayasekaran, S.; Barry, C.; Constable, I.

    1992-01-01

    Iatrogenic retinal vein to choroidal vein anastomoses were created using laser photocoagulation in six of seven dog eyes in which a partial branch retinal vein occlusion had previously been created photochemically. A similar attempt to create an anastomosis was made in six control eyes in which no branch vein occlusion was present. In the eyes in which a branch retinal vein had been created, a venous chorioretinal anastomosis appeared to be present by 3 to 6 weeks. In three control eyes simil...

  1. Asymmetry of jugular veins on neck computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Authors measured the long and the short diameters of both internal jugular veins on the neck computed tomogram of 70 normal subjects. Asymmetry of the diameter of both internal jugular veins was common. The diameter of the right internal jugular vein was greater than that of the left vein in 43% and vice versa in 14%. The diameter of the jugular veins increased with aging. There was no sex difference

  2. Gonadal vein tumor thrombosis due to renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghighatkhah, Hamidreza; Karimi, Mohammad Ali; Taheri, Morteza Sanei

    2015-01-01

    Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) had a tendency to extend into the renal vein and inferior vena cava, while extension into the gonadal vein has been rarely reported. Gonadal vein tumor thrombosis appears as an enhancing filling defect within the dilated gonadal vein anterior to the psoas muscle and shows an enhancement pattern identical to that of the original tumor. The possibility of gonadal vein thrombosis should be kept in mind when looking at an imaging study of patients with RCC. PMID:25624585

  3. Estudio de las Venas de la Fosa Cubital a través de la Tomografía Computada Helicoidal y su Aplicación Clínica / Study of the Veins of the Cubital Fossa by Helical Computed Tomography and its Clinical Application

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariano, del Sol; Eugenio, Lillo; Leonardo, Lobos; Bélgica, Vásquez.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Las venas superficiales de la fosa cubital, constituyen uno de los sitios más importantes de punción venosa. La disposición de estas venas presenta numerosas variaciones. Su anatomía no ha sido estudiada aplicando los avances tecnológicos en el campo de la medicina, como la tomografía computada heli [...] coidal. Fueron analizadas mediante tomografía axial computada helicoidal, las formaciones venosas de la fosa cubital en 60 individuos chilenos de ambos sexos, de edades entre 10 y 86 años, de la IX Región de La Araucanía, Chile. El estudio fue realizado en un tomógrafo General Electric, modelo CT/e, perteneciente al Centro de Imagenología del Hospital del Trabajador, Temuco, Chile, en individuos ambulatorios. Basados en la clasificación de del Sol et al. (1988) para las formaciones venosas de la fosa cubital, se obtuvo los siguientes resultados: Tipo I (46,7%), la vena cefálica del antebrazo (VCA), se divide en vena mediana basílica (VMB) y vena mediana cefálica (VMC), las que se unen a la vena basílica del antebrazo (VBA) y vena cefálica del accesoria del antebrazo (VCAA), respectivamente. Tipo II (13,3%), la VCA originó la vena mediana del codo (VMCo), que se une a la VBA. Tipo III (20%), no existe comunicación entre la VBA y VCA a nivel de la fosa cubital. Tipo IV (8,3%), la VCA drenaba en la VBA. Tipo V (11,7%). Otras disposiciones, donde se incluye la "M" clásica, que resulta de la división de la vena mediana del antebrazo. La utilización de la VMC o de la VCA, se recomienda ya que previene los riesgos de punción de otras estructuras anatómicas importantes como el ramo anterior del nervio cutáneo antebraquial medial. Abstract in english The superficial veins of the cubital fossa, is one of the most important sites of venipunctures. There are many variations in the arrangement of these veins. Their anatomy has not been studied using technology available in the field of medicine such, as helical computed tomography. The vein formatio [...] n of the cubital fossa in 60 Chilean subjects of both sexes, between 10 and 86 years of age of the IX Region of Araucania, Chile, were analyzed by helical computed tomography. The study was realized on a General Electric scanner, model CT / e, belonging to the Imaging Center of the Hospital del Trabajador, Temuco, Chile, in ambulatory subjects. Based on the classification of del Sol et al. (1988) for the vein formation of the cubital fossa, we obtained the following results: Type I (46.7%), the cephalic vein of forearm (CVF), is divided into median basilic vein (MBV) and median cephalic vein (MCV), then anastomosis the basilic vein of forearm (BVF) and cephalic vein accessory (CVA), respectively. Type II (13.3%), the CVA originates at the median cubital vein (MCuV), which anastomoses to the BVF. Type III (20%), there is no communication between BVF and CVF at the cubital fossa. Type IV (8.3%), CVF drains into the BVF. Type V (11.7%) - Other disposition, which include the "M" classical, resulting from the division of the median antebrachial vein. Using the MCV or CVF, is recommended, since there are risks of puncture of other important anatomical structures such as the anterior branch of the medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve.

  4. Effect of cultivar on phenolic levels, anthocyanin composition, and antioxidant properties in purple basil (Ocimum basilicum L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flanigan, Patrick M; Niemeyer, Emily D

    2014-12-01

    In this study, we determined the effect of cultivar on total and individual anthocyanin concentrations and phenolic acid levels in eight purple basil varieties and examined the relationship between anthocyanin content, phenolic acid composition, and antioxidant properties. Cultivar had a significant influence on total anthocyanin concentrations as well as individual anthocyanin composition. The four major basil anthocyanins (labelled A-D) were quantified and cultivar had a statistically significant effect on anthocyanins B (p<0.01), C (p<0.01), and D (p<0.01), but not on anthocyanin A (p=0.94). Cultivar did not have a significant effect on total phenolic levels, although it did influence the concentration of some individual phenolic acids, including caftaric (p=0.03) and chicoric (p=0.04) acids. Although total phenolic and anthocyanin levels correlated with measured FRAP antioxidant capacities, for some cultivars the individual phenolic acid and anthocyanin composition was also an important factor affecting the antioxidant properties. PMID:24996365

  5. Persistência da veia ciática / Persistent sciatic vein

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bárbara Borges, Cardoso; Camila Oliveira, Alvarenga; Maíra de Souza, Miyahara; Marcelo Calil, Burihan; Maria Raphaella Queiroz Alves de, Lima; Mariana Cardoso, Kuwahara; Rafael Capobianco Maia e, Silva.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Durante um período da vida embrionária, a veia ciática é a principal coletora do membro inferior. Na embriogênese vascular, há diferenciação dos angioblastos em um plexo vascular primitivo, com posterior remodelagem e expansão. Consequentemente, durante esse processo, podem ocorrer anomali [...] as. Quando ocorre persistência da veia ciática, esta pode se comunicar com a veia safena parva ou com a veia poplítea durante seu percurso, anastomosando-se com a veia perfurante superior e com a veia circunflexa medial do fêmur. OBJETIVO: Relatar o caso da persistência bilateral de veia ciática nos membros inferiores, comparando à literatura. MÉTODOS: Foram dissecados 32 membros inferiores de 16 cadáveres formolizados no Laboratório de Anatomia pela Disciplina de Anatomia Topográfica da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Santo Amaro (Unisa), durante 2006 e 2007, observando-se em 2 membros inferiores de um único cadáver, a presença de veia ciática. RESULTADOS: No membro inferior esquerdo de um cadáver que apresentou a anomalia bilateralmente, a veia media 37 cm, tinha origem na região da veia poplítea, acompanhava o nervo ciático, perfurava o músculo adutor magno e desembocava na veia femoral profunda. No membro inferior direito, ela media 36 cm, originava-se recebendo as veias do compartimento tibial anterior, acompanhava o nervo ciático, perfurava o músculo adutor magno e desembocava na veia ilíaca interna. CONCLUSÃO: As variações anatômicas do sistema venoso do membro inferior são as mais prevalentes. A persistência da veia ciática pode causar insuficiência venosa crônica no membro inferior e, dessa forma, deve ser investigada para uma melhor conduta clínica ou cirúrgica. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: During a period of the embryonic life, the sciatic vein is the main lower limb collector. In vascular embryogenesis, there is a differentiation of the angioblasts in a primitive vascular plexus, with posterior remodeling and expansion. Consequently, anomalies may occur during this proces [...] s. When there is persistence of the sciatic vein, it may communicate with the small saphenous vein or with the popliteal vein during its route, being anastomosed to the superior perforating vein and to the medial circumflex femoral vein. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of bilateral persistent sciatic vein on the lower limbs in comparison to the literature. METHODS: Thirty-two lower limbs from 16 corpses preserved in formaldehyde were dissected at the Laboratory of Anatomy of the discipline of Topographic Anatomy of the Medical School of Universidade Santo Amaro (Unisa), during 2006 and 2007, and the sciatic vein was observed in 2 lower limbs of one single corpse. RESULTS: On the left lower limb of a corpse that presented bilateral anomaly, the vein had 37 cm, emerging on the popliteal vein, accompanying the sciatic nerve, perforating the long adductor muscle and leading into the deep femoral vein. On the right lower limb, it measured 36 cm, emerged receiving the veins of the anterior tibial compartment, accompanied the sciatic nerve, perforated the long adductor muscle and led into the internal iliac vein. CONCLUSION: The anatomical variations of the lower limb venous system are the most common ones. The persistent sciatic vein may cause chronic venous failure in the lower limbs and, in this manner, must be investigated aiming at a better clinical or surgical management.

  6. [Calcified deep vein thrombosis in a patient with recurrent deep vein thrombosis and sarcoidosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krmek, Dubravka Zupani?; Brajkovi?, Ivana; Beki?, Dinko; Krni?, Antun; Jurkovi?, Petar; Pavlovi?, Tomislav

    2013-12-01

    In this article, we present a rare case of calcified deep vein thrombosis in a 42-year-old female patient with frequent relapses of pulmonary sarcoidosis since 1995, for which she was on maintenance therapy with corticosteroids and with consequential secondary diabetes. Recent femoral vein thrombosis was diagnosed with color Doppler in 2012. At the same time, calcified occlusive thrombus in vena cava inferior from the level of renal vein to the confluence of hepatic veins was diagnosed on abdominal multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT). Digital subtraction venography (DSV) revealed a well-developed collateral circulation through the paravertebral veins, azygos and hemiazygos vein. There were no risk factors for thrombosis other than sarcoidosis and diabetes. Deep vein thrombosis is rarely described with sarcoidosis, but according to literature reports, it usually appears as a recurrence and simultaneously at multiple locations. According to the current knowledge, we cannot say for sure whether it is a disease with an increased risk of deep vein thrombosis or there is a combination of multiple risk factors present simultaneously. PMID:24979886

  7. Carcinoma of the breast presenting as deep vein thrombosis of the axillary vein

    OpenAIRE

    CHANGAL, Khalid Hamid; Raina, Hameed; Ahmed Parray, Manzoor; Ahmad Sofi, Fayaz

    2013-01-01

    Background: Breast cancer is the most common type of malignancy in the female population, rarely is reported by thromboembolic events during the course of the disease. In this case, we present a rare case of breast cancer presenting as deep vein thrombosis of the axillary vein.

  8. Umbilical vein draining into the inferior vena cava via the internal iliac vein, bypassing the liver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the third report of an anomalous umbilical vein draining ectopically in a left pelvic vein, probably the left internal iliac, and through the inferior vena cava into the right atrium. The anomaly was encountered in a newborn infant with nonimmune hydrops fetalis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, multiorgan failure and possibly Noonan Syndrome. (orig.)

  9. Insecticidal Activity of Basil Oil, trans-Anethole, Estragole, and Linalool to Adults of Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera dorsalis, and B. cucurbitae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pest tephritid fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), and B. cucurbitae (Cocquillett) are among the species of economic significance. Their management has primarily relied on the use of food baits, male attractants and their combinations with insecticides. Basil o...

  10. Formulation and in Vivo Evaluation for Anti-Aging Effects of an Emulsion Containing Basil Extract Using non- Invasive Biophysical Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Akhtar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and the purpose of study: Skin aging is a complex process induced by constant exposure to ultraviolet (UV irradiation and damages human skin. UV generates reactive oxygen species leading to collagen deficiency and eventually skin wrinkling. Basil contains a number of phenolics and favonoids which possess antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to formulate and investigate the antiaging potential of a cream containing Basil extract. Methods: A single blinded study was conducted using non-invasive methods. Formulation containing 3% of the concentrated extract of Basil was developed by entrapping in the inner aqueous phase of w/o emulsion and base contained no extract. Both creams were stored at different storage conditions of 8°C, 25°C, 40°C and 40°C+ 75% relative humidity to predict their stabilities. The formulation and base were evaluated for their effects on various skin parameters i.e., moisture and trans epidermal water loss (TEWL, volume, energy and surface evaluation of the living skin (SELS. Results: Significant effects (p?0.05 were observed for both creams in the case of TEWL. The base showed insignificant (p?0.05 while formulation showed significant effects on skin moisture. Volume, SELS SEr (skin roughness, SEsc (skin scaliness, SEsm (skin smoothness, SEw (skin wrinkles parameter showed significant decline while texture parameter of ‘Energy' showed significant increase. Conclusion: The results statistically indicated that the active formulation containg extract of Basil exert antiaging effects when applied topically.

  11. A New Multimodal Biometric System Based on Finger Vein and Hand Vein Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randa Boukhris Trabelsi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As a reliable and robust biological characteristic, the vein pattern increases more and more the progress in biometric researches. Generally, it was shown that single biometric modality recognition is not able to meet high performances. In this paper, we propose a new multimodal biometric system based on fusion of both hand vein and finger vein modalities. For finger vein recognition, we employ the Monogenic Local Binary Pattern (MLBP, and for hand vein recognitionan Improved Gaussian Matched Filter (IGMF. Experimental results confirm that the proposed multimodal biometric process achieves excellent recognition performance compared to unimodal biometric system. The Area Under Curve (AUC of the proposed approach is very close to unity (0.98.

  12. Radionuclide angiographic evaluation of right and left ventricular function during exercise after repair of transposition of the great arteries. Comparison with normal subjects and patients with congenitally corrected transposition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We assessed the incidence, clinical significance and etiology of ventricular dysfunction after intraatrial repair of d-transposition of the great arteries in 11 patients, mean age 9 +/- 3 years, who had had Mustard operations. We compared the results to 15 patients who were considered to have normal ventricular function, two patients who had Rastelli operations and five patients with congenitally corrected transposition. Gated equilibrium radionuclide angiography with supine exercise stress testing was used to assess these children. We found no significant difference between our patient groups in exercise capacity, heart rate, or blood pressure response to exercise. However, we found a high incidence of right ventricular dysfunction in the patient groups, manifested by an abnormal right ventricular ejection fraction response to dysfunction in the patient groups, manifested by an abnormal right ventricular ejection fraction response to exercise in six of 11 patients with a Mustard repair, both patients with a Rastelli repair and all five with congenitally corrected transposition. In addition, the left ventricular response to exercise was abnormal in 10 of 11 patients who had undergone a Mustard repair, both patients with a Rastelli repair, and two of five patients with congenitally corrected transposition. We conclude that biventricular dysfunction is frequently present after intraatrial repair of d-transposition of the great arteries. Despite this dysfunction, no signrteries. Despite this dysfunction, no significant decrease in exercise tolerance is found in childhood

  13. A Nonlinear Thin-Wall Model for Vein Buckling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Avione Y.; Han, Hai-Chao

    2011-01-01

    Tortuous or twisted veins are often seen in the retina, cerebrum, and legs (varicose veins) of one-third of the aged population, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. While the collapse of veins under external pressure has been well documented, the bent buckling of long vein segments has not been studied. The objectives of this study were to develop a biomechanical model of vein buckling under internal pressure and to predict the critical pressure. Veins were modeled as thin-walled nonlinear elastic tubes with the Fung exponential strain energy function. Our results demonstrated that veins buckle due to high blood pressure or low axial tension. High axial tension stabilized veins under internal pressure. Our buckling model estimated the critical pressure accurately compared to the experimental measurements. The buckling equation provides a useful tool for studying the development of tortuous veins. PMID:21512608

  14. Animal Model of Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To develop an animal model of acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Methods: In part I of the study nine juvenile domestic pigs were used. Each external iliac vein was transluminally occluded with a balloon catheter. Thrombin was infused through a microcatheter in one leg according to one of the following protocols: (1) intraarterial (IA): 1250 U at 25 U/min in the common femoral artery (n= 3); (2) intravenous (IV): 5000 U in the popliteal vein at 500 U/min (n= 3), or at 100 U/min (n= 3). Saline was administered in the opposite leg. After the animals were killed, the mass of thrombus in the iliofemoral veins was measured. The pudendoepiploic (PEV), profunda femoris (PF), and popliteal veins (PV) were examined. Thrombosis in the tributaries of the superficial femoral vein (SFVt) was graded according to a three-point scale (0, +, ++). In part II of the study IV administration was further investigated in nine pigs using the following three regimens with 1000 U at 25 U/min serving as the control: (1) 1000 U at 100 U/min, (2) 250 U at 25 U/min, (3) 250 U at 6.25 U/min. Results: All animals survived. In part I median thrombus mass in the test limbs was 1.40 g as compared with 0.25 g in the controls (p= 0.01). PEV, PFV and PV were thrombosed in all limbs infused with thrombin. IV infusion was more effective in inducing thrombosis in both the parent veins (mass 1.32-1.78 g) and SVFt (++ in 4 of 6 legs), as compared with IA infusion (mass 0.0-1.16 g; SFVt ++ in 1 of 3 legon (mass 0.0-1.16 g; SFVt ++ in 1 of 3 legs). In part II thrombus mass in axial veins ranged from 1.23 to 2.86 g, and showed no relationship with the dose of thrombin or the rate of infusion. Tributary thrombosis was less extensive with 250 U at 25 U/min than with the other regimens. Conclusion: Slow distal intravenous thrombin infusion in the hind legs of pigs combined with proximal venous occlusion induces thrombosis in the leg veins that closely resembles clinical DVT in distribution

  15. Veining Failure and Hydraulic Fracturing in Shales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mighani, S.; Sondergeld, C. H.; Rai, C. S.

    2014-12-01

    During the hydraulic fracturing, the pressurized fluid creates new fractures and reactivates existing natural fractures forming a highly conductive Stimulated Reservoir Volume (SRV) around the borehole. We extend the previous work on Lyons sandstone and pyrophyllite to anisotropic shale from the Wolfcamp formation. We divide the rock anisotropy into two groups: a) conventional and b) unconventional (shaly) anisotropy. X-ray Computed Tomography (CT), compressional velocity anisotropy, and SEM analysis are used to identify three causes of anisotropy: bedding planes, clay lamination, and calcite veins. Calcite vein is a subsequently filled with calcite bonded weakly to the matrix. Velocity anisotropy and visual observations demonstrate the calcite filled veins to be mostly subparallel to the fabric direction. Brazilian tests are carried out to observe the fracture initiation and propagation under tension. High speed photography (frame rate 300,000 frame/sec) was used to capture the failure. Strain gauges and Acoustic Emission (AE) sensors recorded the deformation leading up to and during failure. SEM imaging and surface profilometry were employed to study the post-failure fracture system and failed surface topology. Fracture permeability was measured as a function of effective stress. Brazilian tests on small disks containing a centered single vein revealed the shear strength of the veins. We interpret the strain data and number, frequency, and amplitude of AE events which are correlated well with the observed fracture process zone, surface roughness, and permeability. The unpropped fracture has enhanced permeability by two orders of magnitude. The observed anisotropic tensile failure seems to have a universal trend with a minimum strength occurring at 15o orientation with respect to the loading axis. The veins at 15o orientation with respect to the loading axis were easily activated at 30% of the original failure load. The measured strength of the vein is as low as 6% of the matrix. Surface roughness measurements show the vein to be as rough as the main tensile fracture in the matrix. The observations suggest that fracking through a deviated well reduces the breakdown pressure significantly and can activate a large number of veins with enhanced conductivity without the need for excessive proppant injection.

  16. [Surgical therapy of primary varicose veins].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wigger, P

    1998-11-01

    The principle of varicose vein surgery still remains the interruption of all insufficient communications between the deep and the superficial venous system and removal of the varicosities. The basis for differentiated surgical treatment is accurate preoperative assessment. Careful dissection of the saphenofemoral junction through a suprainguinal incision, with division of all the branches and flush tie of the long saphenous vein combined with invaginated stripping of the long saphenous vein to just below the knee, appears to be the method of choice for good clinical results and a low incidence of damage to the saphenous nerve. Oesch recently introduced a new technique of perforate invaginate (PIN) stripping which gives even better cosmetic results. Regarding the short saphenous vein, preoperative localization of the exact level of the saphenopopliteal junction is of major importance in the prevention of recurrence. Simple evulsion or epifascial or subfascial ligation were the most common treatments for incompetent perforating veins for many years. In 1985 Hauer described endoscopic subfascial dissection of perforating veins (ESDP), which reduces delayed wound healing, especially in trophic skin changes. Deprivation of blood supply with a pneumatic tourniquet such as the Löfqvist roller cuff is necessary. The tributaries are removed by stab evulsion phlebectomy with specially designed hooks. This technique was originally introduced by Muller for ambulatory treatment of varicose veins. The incisions of 1-3 mm guarantee excellent cosmesis and minimal trauma. Adhesive tape is used to close the incisions. A number of alternative techniques such as cryosurgery, laser surgery, paratibial fasciotomy and the CHIVA technique (Conservative Treatment and Haemodynamics in Venous Insufficiency in Outpatient Departments) are briefly described. Complications of varicose vein surgery are rare. Minor complications are skin nerve injuries, haematomas, infections and lymphatic fistulas. Major complications such as injuries to the femoral vein or artery occur in less than 0.05%. But once it has occurred it is of paramount importance to recognize the injury at the time of initial surgery, to avoid limb loss. Provided the preoperative assessment is accurate and the principles of selective surgical treatment are followed, the surgeon is able to perform a curative operation with a low complication rate and excellent cosmetic results. PMID:9854291

  17. Identification of a unique 2-oxoglutarate-dependent flavone 7-O-demethylase completes the elucidation of the lipophilic flavone network in basil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berim, Anna; Kim, Min-Jeong; Gang, David R

    2015-01-01

    Small molecule demethylation is considered unusual in plants. Of the studied instances, the N-demethylation of nicotine is catalyzed by a Cyt P450 monooxygenase, while the O-dealkylation of alkaloids in Papaver somniferum is mediated by 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases (2-ODDs). This report describes a 2-ODD regiospecifically catalyzing the 7-O-demethylation of methoxylated flavones in peltate trichomes of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). Three candidate 2-ODDs were identified in the basil trichome transcriptome database. Only the candidate designated ObF7ODM1 was found to be active with and highly specific for the proposed natural substrates, gardenin B and 8-hydroxysalvigenin. Of the characterized 2-ODDs, ObF7ODM1 is most closely related to O-demethylases from Papaver. The demethylase activity in trichomes from four basil chemotypes matches well with the abundance of ObF7ODM1 peptides and transcripts in the same trichome preparations. Treatment of basil plants with a 2-ODD inhibitor prohexadione-calcium significantly reduced the accumulation of 7-O-demethylated flavone nevadensin, confirming the involvement of a 2-ODD in its formation. Notably, the full-length open reading frame of ObF7ODM1 contains a second in-frame AUG codon 57 nucleotides downstream of the first translation initiation codon. Both AUG codons are recognized by bacterial translation machinery during heterologous gene expression. The N-truncated ObF7ODM1 is nearly inactive. The N-terminus essential for activity is unique to ObF7ODM1 and does not align with the sequences of other 2-ODDs. Further studies will reveal whether alternative translation initiation plays a role in regulating the O-demethylase activity in planta. Molecular identification of the flavone 7-O-demethylase completes the biochemical elucidation of the lipophilic flavone network in basil. PMID:25378691

  18. CT angiography of the cerebral veins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: We report on our first experience in imaging the cerebral veins and sinuses with CT angiography (CTA). Material and methods: CTA was performed in 10 patients after bolus injection of contrast medium to rule out sinovenous thrombosis. Results: In 8 of 10 patients thrombosis of cerebral venous sinuses was ruled out by CTA. Sinovenous thrombosis was diagnosed and confirmed in two patients. In 5 cases, diagnosis of CTA was confirmed by MRI and/or DSA, in 5 other cases by the clinical course. CTA results in detailed information about flow and anatomy of cerebral veins due to high intravascular contrast. Conclusions: CTA is a suitable noninvasive method to study cerebral veins as it is superior to conventional CT because of high resolution and intravascular contrast. To assess the sensitivity of CTA for diagnosis of venous sinus thrombosis a prospective study is needed. (orig.)

  19. Technical aspects of adrenal vein sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harsha, Asheesh; Trerotola, Scott O

    2015-02-01

    The most common cause of secondary hypertension is primary aldosteronism, with a prevalence of approximately 30% when screened by specialized hypertension clinics. Adrenal venous sampling is considered the standard for reliably distinguishing between unilateral and bilateral hormone secretion, with unilateral secretion being surgically curable. Success of adrenal vein sampling relies on appropriate patient selection, patient preparation, and recognition and catheterization of both adrenal veins. However, this procedure may prove technically challenging, particularly for inexperienced operators. This video (see Fig; available online at www.jvir.org) is designed to provide the viewer with details on the technical aspects of adrenal vein sampling by using the sequential technique in an immersive format with real-time table-top teaching. Indications, patient preparation, equipment selection, technique, and quality assurance are reviewed in detail, with the goal of providing practitioners an opportunity to successfully incorporate this procedure into their practice. PMID:25645412

  20. Anteriorly placed splenic vein: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lal, Hira; Boruah, Deb K; Yadav, Ankusha; Samal, Amrita

    2015-04-01

    Splenic vein located anterior to pancreas is a rare congenital anomaly. To date, only one case has been reported in literature. A thorough knowledge of the normal anatomy, most frequent variations, and congenital and acquired anomalies of the spleno-portal axis is of great importance for hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeons. It is therefore essential for preoperative evaluation of the anatomical details of the spleno-portal venous axis to be made by imaging. We report such a case of anteriorly placed splenic vein in a 40-year-old female prospective renal donor. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the second reported case of an anteriorly placed splenic vein. PMID:25972673

  1. Deep vein thrombosis: a clinical review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kesieme EB

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Emeka Kesieme1, Chinenye Kesieme2, Nze Jebbin3, Eshiobo Irekpita1, Andrew Dongo11Department of Surgery, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria; 2Department of Paediatrics, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria; 3Department of Surgery, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port-Harcourt, NigeriaBackground: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT is the formation of blood clots (thrombi in the deep veins. It commonly affects the deep leg veins (such as the calf veins, femoral vein, or popliteal vein or the deep veins of the pelvis. It is a potentially dangerous condition that can lead to preventable morbidity and mortality.Aim: To present an update on the causes and management of DVT.Methods: A review of publications obtained from Medline search, medical libraries, and Google.Results: DVT affects 0.1% of persons per year. It is predominantly a disease of the elderly and has a slight male preponderance. The approach to making a diagnosis currently involves an algorithm combining pretest probability, D-dimer testing, and compression ultrasonography. This will guide further investigations if necessary. Prophylaxis is both mechanical and pharmacological. The goals of treatment are to prevent extension of thrombi, pulmonary embolism, recurrence of thrombi, and the development of complications such as pulmonary hypertension and post-thrombotic syndrome.Conclusion: DVT is a potentially dangerous condition with a myriad of risk factors. Prophylaxis is very important and can be mechanical and pharmacological. The mainstay of treatment is anticoagulant therapy. Low-molecular-weight heparin, unfractionated heparin, and vitamin K antagonists have been the treatment of choice. Currently anticoagulants specifically targeting components of the common pathway have been recommended for prophylaxis. These include fondaparinux, a selective indirect factor Xa inhibitor and the new oral selective direct thrombin inhibitors (dabigatran and selective factor Xa inhibitors (rivaroxaban and apixaban. Others are currently undergoing trials. Thrombolytics and vena caval filters are very rarely indicated in special circumstances.Keywords: deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, venous thromboembolism, prophylaxis, treatment

  2. Inadvertent Port: Catheter Placement in Azygos Vein

    OpenAIRE

    HARISH, K.; Madhu, Y. C.

    2012-01-01

    Totally implantable ports are safe and effective means of venous access for administration of chemotherapy. One of the usual vessels accessed, through which the port is placed, is the subclavian. Herein, we report a case where the central access was obtained through the left subclavian vein. But the catheter when it was placed was found to be in the azygos vein. This was confirmed with dye study. This is the first report of such an occurrence with subclavian access. The catheter was later wit...

  3. Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis complicating appendicular masses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) is rare. Its diagnosis is usually difficult and delayed. We report two patients who developed MVT as a complication of an appendicular mass. One of them had appendectomy and developed fever 10 days postoperatively. The other was treated conservatively. An abdominal computerized tomography(CT) scan with intravenous contrast was helpful in diagnosing superior MVT in both patients, which were not suspected. Intravenous contrast should be used when performing CT of an appendicular mass. Special interest should be directed at studying the superior mesenteric vein. Early diagnosis of our patients helped to start early medical treatment with anticoagulation. (author)

  4. Dynamic reconstruction of eye closure by muscle transposition or functional muscle transplantation in facial palsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frey, Manfred; Giovanoli, Pietro; Tzou, Chieh-Han John; Kropf, Nina; Friedl, Susanne

    2004-09-15

    For patients with facial palsy, lagophthalmus is often a more serious problem than the inability to smile. Dynamic reconstruction of eye closure by muscle transposition or by free functional muscle transplantation offers a good solution for regaining near-normal eye protection without the need for implants. This is the first quantitative study of three-dimensional preoperative and postoperative lid movements in patients treated for facial paralysis. Between February of 1998 and April of 2002, 44 patients were treated for facial palsy, including reconstruction of eye closure. Temporalis muscle transposition to the eye was used in 34 cases, and a regionally differentiated part of a free gracilis muscle transplant after double cross-face nerve grafting was used in 10 cases. Patients' facial movements were documented by a three-dimensional video analysis system preoperatively and 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively. For this comparative study, only the data of patients with preoperative and 12-month postoperative measurements were included. In the 27 patients with a final result after temporalis muscle transposition for eye closure, the distance between the upper and lower eyelid points during eye closing (as for sleep) was reduced from 10.33 +/- 2.43 mm (mean +/- SD) preoperatively to 5.84 +/- 4.34 mm postoperatively on the paralyzed side, compared with 0.0 +/- 0.0 mm preoperatively and postoperatively on the contralateral healthy side. In the resting position, preoperative values for the paralyzed side changed from 15.11 +/- 1.92 mm preoperatively to 13.46 +/- 1.94 mm postoperatively, compared with 12.17 +/- 2.02 mm preoperatively and 12.05 +/- 1.95 mm postoperatively on the healthy side. In the nine patients with a final result after surgery using a part of the free gracilis muscle transplant reinnervated by a zygomatic branch of the contralateral healthy side through a cross-face nerve graft, eyelid closure changed from 10.21 +/- 2.72 mm to 1.68 +/- 1.35 mm, compared with 13.70 +/- 1.56 mm to 6.63 +/- 1.51 mm preoperatively. The average closure for the healthy side was from 11.20 +/- 3.11 mm to 0.0 +/- 0.0 mm preoperatively and from 12.70 +/- 1.95 mm to 0.0 +/- 0.0 mm postoperatively. In three cases, the resting tonus of the part of the gracilis muscle transplant around the eye had increased to an extent that muscle weakening became necessary. Temporalis muscle transposition and free functional muscle transplantation for reanimation of the eye and mouth at the same time are reliable methods for reconstructing eye closure, with clinically adequate results. Detailed analysis of the resulting facial movements led to an important improvement of the authors' operative techniques within the last few years. Thus, the number of secondary operative corrections could be significantly reduced. These qualitative and quantitative studies of the reconstructed lid movements by three-dimensional video analysis support the authors' clinical concept of temporalis muscle transposition being the first-choice method in adult patients with facial palsy. In children, free muscle transplantation is preferred for eye closure, so as not to interfere with the growth of the face by transposition of a masticatory muscle. In addition, a higher degree of central plasticity in children might be expected. PMID:15468391

  5. Oversized vein grafts develop advanced atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic minipigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thim, Troels; Hagensen, Mette Kallestrup

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Accelerated atherosclerosis is the main cause of late aortocoronary vein graft failure. We aimed to develop a large animal model for the study of pathogenesis and treatment of vein graft atherosclerosis. METHODS: An autologous reversed jugular vein graft was inserted end-to-end into the transected common carotid artery of ten hypercholesteroemic minipigs. The vein grafts were investigated 12-14 weeks later with ultrasound and angiograpy in vivo and microscopy post mortem. RESULTS: One minipig died during follow up (patent vein graft at autopsy), and one vein graft thrombosed early. In the remaining eight patent vein grafts, the mean (standard deviation) intima-media thickness was 712 mum (276 mum) versus 204 mum (74 mum) in the contralateral control internal jugular veins (P diameter of artery). No plaques were found in four non-oversized vein grafts (P <.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our model of jugular vein graft in the common carotid artery of hypercholesterolemic minipigs displayed the components of human vein graft disease, i.e. thrombosis, intimal hyperplasia, and atherosclerosis. Advanced atherosclerosis, the main cause of late failure of human aortocoronary vein grafts was only seen in oversized grafts. This finding suggests that oversized vein grafts may have detrimental effects on patient outcome.

  6. Prokaryotic expression and purification of soluble goldfish Tgf2 transposase with transposition activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hai-Li; Shen, Xiao-Dan; Hou, Fei; Cheng, Luo-Dan; Zou, Shu-Ming; Jiang, Xia-Yun

    2015-01-01

    Goldfish Tgf2 transposon of Hobo/Activator/Tam3 (hAT) family can mediate gene insertion in a variety of aquacultural fish species by transposition; however, the protein structure of Tgf2 transposase (TPase) is still poorly understood. To express the goldfish Tgf2 TPase in Escherichia coli, the 2061-bp coding region was cloned into pET-28a(+) expression vector containing an N-terminal (His)6-tag. The pET-28a(+)-Tgf2 TPase expression cassette was transformed into Rosetta 1 (DE3) E. coli lines. A high yield of soluble proteins with molecular weight of ~80 kDa was obtained by optimized cultures including low-temperature (22 °C) incubation and early log phase (OD600 = 0.3-0.4) induction. Mass spectrometry analysis following trypsin digestion of the recombinant proteins confirmed a Tgf2 TPase component in the eluate of Ni(2+)-affinity chromatography. When co-injected into 1-2 cell embryos with a donor plasmid harboring a Tgf2 cis-element, the prokaryotic expressed Tgf2 TPase can mediate high rates (45 %) of transposition in blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). Transposition was proved by the presence of 8-bp random direct repeats at the target sites, which is the signature of hAT family transposons. Production of the Tgf2 Tpase protein in a soluble and active form not only allows further investigation of its structure, but provides an alternative tool for fish transgenesis and insertional mutagenesis. PMID:25370823

  7. Demonstration of IS711 transposition in Brucella ovis and Brucella pinnipedialis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Lobo Juan M

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Brucella genome contains an insertion sequence (IS element called IS711 or IS6501, which is specific to the genus. The copy number of IS711 varies in the genome of the different Brucella species, ranging from 7 in B. abortus, B. melitensis and B. suis to more than 30 in B. ovis and in Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals. At present, there is no experimental evidence of transposition of IS711, but the occurrence of this element with a high copy number in some species, and the isolation of Brucella strains with "ectopic" copies of IS711 suggested that this IS could still transpose. Results In this study we obtained evidence of transposition of IS711 from the B. ovis and B. pinnipedialis chromosomes by using the "transposon trap" plasmid pGBG1. This plasmid expresses resistance to tetracycline only if the repressor gene that it contains is inactivated. The strains B. melitensis 16 M, B. abortus RB51, B. ovis BOC22 (field strain and B. pinnipedialis B2/94, all containing the plasmid pGBG1, were grown in culture media with tetracycline until the appearance of tetracycline resistant mutants (TcR. TcR mutants due to IS711 transposition were only detected in B. ovis and B. pinnipedialis strains. Conclusion Four different copies of IS711 were found to transpose to the same target sequence in the plasmid pGBG1. This demonstrated that IS711 are active in vivo, specially in Brucella species with a high number of IS711 copies as B. ovis and B. pinnipedialis.

  8. Dental transposition of canine and lateral incisor and impacted central incisor treatment: A case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tarcisio Jacinto, Gebert; Vinícius Canavarros, Palma; Alvaro Henrique, Borges; Luiz Evaristo Ricci, Volpato.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: transposição e impacção dentárias são distúrbios relacionados à erupção ectópica ou à falha na erupção dentária, que podem afetar o desenvolvimento físico, psíquico e social da criança, e que podem ser de difícil resolução clínica. MÉTODOS: é descrito um caso clínico de transposiçã [...] o entre o canino e o incisivo lateral superior esquerdo, associado à impacção do incisivo superior, do mesmo lado, em uma paciente de 12 anos de idade. Optou-se pela realização de tratamento ortodôntico-cirúrgico conservador, envolvendo a correção ortodôntica dos dentes transpostos e o tracionamento do incisivo central impactado. CONCLUSÃO: a opção pela correção da transposição e tracionamento ortodôntico com a utilização da técnica do arco segmentado com uso de dispositivos como cantiléver e alças em fios TMA retangulares, apesar de ser uma alternativa de execução complexa, mostrou-se efetiva do ponto de vista estético e funcional. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Dental transposition and impaction are disorders related to ectopic eruption or failure in tooth eruption, which can affect child physical, mental and social development and may be difficult to be clinically solved. METHODS: We describe a case of transposition between the upper l [...] eft canine and lateral incisor associated with impaction of the central incisor on the same side, in a 12-year-old patient. Conservative treatment involving surgical-orthodontic correction of transposed teeth and traction of the central incisor was conducted. CONCLUSION: The option of correcting transposition and orthodontic traction by means of the segmented arch technique with devices such as cantilever and TMA rectangular wire loops, although a complex alternative, was proved to be esthetically and functionally effective.

  9. Cubital tunnel syndrome: Simple decompression versus decompression and anterior subcutaneous transposition

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Y, Ramguthy; M, Carides.

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The procedure of choice in the surgical treatment of cubital tunnel syndrome remains controversial. The aim of this study is to report the results of simple decompression and decompression with anterior subcutaneous transposition. METHODS: A retrospective review (July 2002-January 2007) [...] using the Bishop Score to assess outcome. A total of 102 procedures (91 patients, 11 bilateral) were performed with a minimum of 9 months' post-operative follow-up. The procedure was selected intra-operatively. All cases were operated by the senior author (MC). RESULTS: In the simple decompression group (n=47, average age 45.9 years), the average Bishop Score was 11.3 (5-13) with an average time to recovery of 3.7 months (1-6). Good to excellent results were obtained in 94% and fair results in 6%. In the anterior transposition group (n=55, average age 43.3 years) the average Bishop Score was 10.6 (5-13) with average time to recovery of 4.2 months (1-6). Good to excellent results were obtained in 93% and fair results in 7%. Complications included subluxation of the ulnar nerve in two cases, one wound dehiscence and one post-operative haematoma. CONCLUSIONS: The outcome in both groups was the same. Recovery is often prolonged. It took 3-6 months for 69% of patients to recover. Younger patients recovered sooner and the transposition and elderly groups took longer to recover. Simple decompression is adequate unless the nerve is unstable or the bed unsuitable.

  10. Can deep vein thrombosis be predicted after varicose vein operation in women in rural areas?

    OpenAIRE

    Marcin Warot; Tomasz Synowiec; Agnieszka Wencel-Warot; Przemys?aw Daroszewski; Iwona Bojar; Maciej Micker; Pawe? Ch?ci?ski

    2014-01-01

    [b]Introduction[/b]. Chronic venous disease is a group of symptoms caused by functional and structural defects of the venous vessels. One of the most common aspects of this disease is the occurrence of varicose veins. There are many ways of prevention and treatment of varicose veins, but in Poland the leading one is still surgery. As in every medical procedure there is the possibility of some complications. One of them is deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The diagnosis of DVT can be difficult, espe...

  11. Is a palpable short saphenous vein a useful clinical sign in varicose vein assessment?

    OpenAIRE

    Aiono, S.; Simmons, M. J.; Galland, R B; Magee, T R

    2001-01-01

    The short saphenous vein (SSV) may be palpable in the popliteal fossa in patients with varicose veins. A prospective study has been carried out to determine the significance of this sign in the presence of primary varicose veins. The SSV was assessed by palpation of the popliteal fossa with the knee slightly flexed. Hand-held Doppler insonation (HHD) was also used in the out-patient clinic. All patients had SSV assessment by duplex scanning. One hundred and sixty legs were examined. In 68 the...

  12. Complete transposition of the large vessels: study with a dynamic spiral scanner and magnetic resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The case is presented of a 19-year-old woman with complete transposition of the large vessels who was admitted to the hospital with chest pain. As a child, she had undergone palliative heart surgery (Mustard's procedure). A study of the chest performed with a dynamic spiral scanner and magnetic resonance revealed an abnormal relationship between ventricles and large vessels, right ventricular hypertrophy and relative obstruction of the superior vena cava as a results of Mustard's procedure, with dilatation of the azygos-hemiazygos system. Both techniques are very useful for the morphological and functional study of the cardiopathy. (Author)

  13. [Cerebellum abscess: first demonstration of undiagnosed infective endocarditis in an adult with corrected transposition arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oudghiri, N; Faroudy, M; Mosadik, A; Sbihi, S; Ababou, A; Lazreq, C; Sbihi, A

    2006-01-01

    Neurological complications occur in approximately 30% of all patients with infective endocarditis and represent a major factor associated with an increased mortality rate. Third of these complications is represented by cerebral embolism, followed by mycotic aneurysm, meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Brain abscesses are rare; their localization to the cerebellum is exceptional. A case of cerebellum abscess occurring in a 34-year-old patient with non-operated corrected transposition of the great arteries is reported. Occurrence of this abscess was the first demonstration of undiagnosed infective endocarditis. PMID:16271445

  14. The central PPT of the yeast retrotransposon Ty1 is not essential for transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyman, T; Wilhelm, M; Wilhelm, F-X

    2003-08-01

    The yeast retrotransposon Ty1 has structural and functional similarities to retroviruses. We report here that, as in retroviruses, the plus-strand DNA of Ty1 is synthesized as two segments. A central DNA flap is formed during reverse transcription consecutive to elongation (with strand displacement) of the upstream segment beyond the central polypurine tract (cPPT) until the replication machinery is stopped at the central termination sequence. Comparison of wild-type and cPPT-mutant Ty1 elements shows that the mutant element lacking the central DNA flap is only twofold defective in transposition. PMID:12888340

  15. A poorly known case of watershed transposition between the São Francisco and upper Paraná river basins

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando Moreira Filho; Paulo Andreas Buckup

    2005-01-01

    During construction of the Furnas hydroelectric power dam in the upper rio Paraná basin in the early 1960s, the rio Piumhi drainage outflow was diverted into the headwaters of the São Francisco river basin. The rio Piumhi was a right bank tributary of the rio Grande, which unites with the rio Paranaíba to form the rio Paraná. The transposition allowed the entire fish fauna of the rio Piumhi and associated swamps, lakes, and tributaries to intermingle with the fish fauna of the São Franci...

  16. Demonstration of IS711 transposition in Brucella ovis and Brucella pinnipedialis

    OpenAIRE

    García-Lobo Juan M; Ocampo-Sosa Alain A

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The Brucella genome contains an insertion sequence (IS) element called IS711 or IS6501, which is specific to the genus. The copy number of IS711 varies in the genome of the different Brucella species, ranging from 7 in B. abortus, B. melitensis and B. suis to more than 30 in B. ovis and in Brucella strains isolated from marine mammals. At present, there is no experimental evidence of transposition of IS711, but the occurrence of this element with a high copy number in some...

  17. Transposition burst of the ISH27 insertion element family in Halobacterium halobium.

    OpenAIRE

    Pfeifer, F.; Blaseio, U.

    1990-01-01

    Investigation of the plasmid pHH4 in single colonies of Halobacterium halobium PHH4 indicated transposition of insertion elements in 20% of the colonies. Seven ISH27 insertions were observed as well as one ISH23 insertion. The various copies of ISH27 were compared to the two ISH27 elements already present in pHH4, and to the ISH27 element that was identified in the bacteriopsin (bop) gene of a Bop mutant. These ten copies of ISH27 constitute three types on the basis of DNA sequence identity: ...

  18. Recontextualização da simulação clínica em enfermagem baseada em Basil Bernstein: semiologia da prática pedagógica Recontextualización de la simulación de enfermería clínica basada en Basil Bernstein: la semiología de la práctica pedagógica Recontextualization of Nursing clinical simulation based on Basil Bernstein: semiology of pedagogical practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus Casanova dos Santos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é um estudo de caso investigativo de caráter participante e descritivo, a partir da vivência pedagógica no disparador de aprendizagem Simulação em Enfermagem, do segundo semestre do primeiro ciclo da graduação da Faculdade de Enfermagem (FEn da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel, onde se desenvolve a simulação clínica de semiologia e semiotécnica em Enfermagem. O objetivo é estudar a recontextualização da prática pedagógica da Simulação com base em teorizações do sociólogo da educação Basil Bernstein, contribuindo para o processo de aperfeiçoamento do planejamento de ensino e, especialmente, da avaliação deste disparador de aprendizagem. A partir das reflexões deste estudo, observa-se a teorização de Bernstein como uma potente ferramenta semiológica das práticas pedagógicas, a qual contribui para o planejamento e análise do dispositivo pedagógico curricular.Este artículo es un caso de estudio de carácter descriptivo y de investigación participante, desde la experiencia educativa de aprendizaje en el gatillo Simulación en Enfermería, de la segunda mitad del primer ciclo de la Escuela Enfermería (FEN de la Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel donde se desarrolla la simulación de la semiología clínica y la semiótica en Enfermería. El objetivo es estudiar la recontextualización de la práctica pedagógica de teorías basadas en la simulación del sociólogo de la educación Basil Bernstein, contribuyendo al proceso de mejora de la educación, planificación y aprendizaje, especialmente la evaluación de gatillo. De las reflexiones de este estudio, existe la teoría de Bernstein como una poderosa herramienta de semiótica prácticas pedagógicas, lo que contribuye a la planificación y el análisis de dispositivos educativos curriculares.This article is a case study of investigative and descriptive participant character, from the educational experience of learning in the trigger Simulation in Nursing, the second half of the first cycle of Faculdade de Enfermagem (FEN, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel where he develops simulation of clinical semiology and semiotics in Nursing. The goal is to study the recontextualization of pedagogic practice of simulation-based theories of the sociologist of education Basil Bernstein, contributing to the improvement process of planning education, and especially the evaluation of trigger learning. From reflections on this study, there is the theory of Bernstein as a powerful tool of semiotic pedagogical practices, which contributes to the planning and analysis of curricular educational device.

  19. Recontextualização da simulação clínica em enfermagem baseada em Basil Bernstein: semiologia da prática pedagógica / Recontextualization of Nursing clinical simulation based on Basil Bernstein: semiology of pedagogical practice / Recontextualización de la simulación de enfermería clínica basada en Basil Bernstein: la semiología de la práctica pedagógica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mateus Casanova dos, Santos; Maria Cecília Lorea, Leite; Rita Maria, Heck.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é um estudo de caso investigativo de caráter participante e descritivo, a partir da vivência pedagógica no disparador de aprendizagem Simulação em Enfermagem, do segundo semestre do primeiro ciclo da graduação da Faculdade de Enfermagem (FEn) da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFP [...] el), onde se desenvolve a simulação clínica de semiologia e semiotécnica em Enfermagem. O objetivo é estudar a recontextualização da prática pedagógica da Simulação com base em teorizações do sociólogo da educação Basil Bernstein, contribuindo para o processo de aperfeiçoamento do planejamento de ensino e, especialmente, da avaliação deste disparador de aprendizagem. A partir das reflexões deste estudo, observa-se a teorização de Bernstein como uma potente ferramenta semiológica das práticas pedagógicas, a qual contribui para o planejamento e análise do dispositivo pedagógico curricular. Abstract in spanish Este artículo es un caso de estudio de carácter descriptivo y de investigación participante, desde la experiencia educativa de aprendizaje en el gatillo Simulación en Enfermería, de la segunda mitad del primer ciclo de la Escuela Enfermería (FEN) de la Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel) donde s [...] e desarrolla la simulación de la semiología clínica y la semiótica en Enfermería. El objetivo es estudiar la recontextualización de la práctica pedagógica de teorías basadas en la simulación del sociólogo de la educación Basil Bernstein, contribuyendo al proceso de mejora de la educación, planificación y aprendizaje, especialmente la evaluación de gatillo. De las reflexiones de este estudio, existe la teoría de Bernstein como una poderosa herramienta de semiótica prácticas pedagógicas, lo que contribuye a la planificación y el análisis de dispositivos educativos curriculares. Abstract in english This article is a case study of investigative and descriptive participant character, from the educational experience of learning in the trigger Simulation in Nursing, the second half of the first cycle of Faculdade de Enfermagem (FEN), Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel) where he develops simula [...] tion of clinical semiology and semiotics in Nursing. The goal is to study the recontextualization of pedagogic practice of simulation-based theories of the sociologist of education Basil Bernstein, contributing to the improvement process of planning education, and especially the evaluation of trigger learning. From reflections on this study, there is the theory of Bernstein as a powerful tool of semiotic pedagogical practices, which contributes to the planning and analysis of curricular educational device.

  20. Who Is at Risk for Deep Vein Thrombosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Is at Risk for Deep Vein Thrombosis? Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis What Is... Other Names Causes Who Is at Risk Signs & Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Prevention Living With Clinical Trials Links Related Topics Blood ...

  1. What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Signs and Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis? Explore Deep Vein Thrombosis What Is... Other Names Causes Who Is at Risk Signs & Symptoms Diagnosis Treatments Prevention Living With Clinical Trials Links Related Topics Blood ...

  2. The importance of Mount Athos and the Ohrid Archbishopric for the policy of Basil II in the Balkans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krsmanovi? Bojana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay ascertains that the monastic center located on Mount Athos and the Ohrid Archbishopric played a very important role in the policies pursued by Basil II. It was during his rule that the first foreign monasteries, which later Greek sources refer to as monastic communities ??????? ??????? (Iveron and Amalfi, were established. The third monastery displaying this characteristic was the Serbian monastery Hilandar. Since Hilandar had been established after the Bulgarian and Russian monasteries, the question arose why sources dating from the late 12th century do not mention Zographou and St. Panteleimon’s monastery among the ??????? ??????? monasteries. The answeris to be found in the circumstances surrounding the establishment of Slavic monasteries on Mount Athos. The essay also assesses the importance of Mount Athos and the Ohrid Archbishopric for the process of deeper integration of Slavs into the Byzantine religious and political-ideological system. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177032: Tradicija, inovacija i identitet u vizantijskom svetu

  3. Influence of Zn foliar application on growth characteristics and essential oil yield of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. under salinity stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gh. Gohari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Mass production of medicinal and aromatic plants under hydroponic systems and especially in areas with saline soils is very important. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the interaction of salinity stress and foliar application of zinc (Zn on hydroponically-grown basil (Ocimum basilicum L.. The factorial experiment was arranged as randomized complete blocks design, with two salinity levels (0 and 50 mM NaCl and three Zn levels (0, 100 and 200 mg/L as ZnSO4,7H2O and three replications. Some growth characteristics such as height, leaf surface area, fresh and dry weight of leaves, stem and whole plant, chlorophyll index, harvest index and yield of dry leaves per m2 were measured. After extraction of essential oil, the oil yield was calculated based on oil content in the plant. The results showed that salinity stress adversely affected all growth characteristics as well as essential oil content and yield. Despite the generally accepted hypothesis, Zn application not only had no impact on reducing the negative effects of salinity, but also showed no significant difference between the control plants (no salinity. The highest essential oil content and yield were recorded for control plants. Therefore, it is concluded that under the hydroponics system, basil is sensitive to 50 mM salinity, and Zn foliar application up to 200 mg/L had no positive impact on the reduction of negative effects of salinity. Thus, control nutrient solution has appropriate amount of Zn for salinity stress conditions.

  4. The Effect of Static Magnetic Forces on Water Contents and Photosynthetic Pigments in Sweet Basil Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three different magnetic regimes; aerial, surface and buried; each with three different forces, have been used to investigate their effects on the water contents and photosynthetic pigments of sweet basil plants (Ocimum basilicum L.). Two groups of sweet basil seeds, Ocimum basilicum L. have been cultivated, one under normal conditions and the second has been subdivided into three portion (aerial, surface and buried) to examine the effect of different magnetic forces coming from the three directions on the resulted plants. At all directions of magnets, water contents have been significantly affected by the magnetic forces. Chlorophyll A and carotene contents have been affected, as well, according to the three magnetic forces coming from soil surface regime only. Chlorophyll B did not significantly affected by differences magnetic forces in the three regimes, but it is affected by magnetism wherever its direction or force. But all the photosynthetic pigments contents (Chlorophyll A, B and Carotenes) decreased significantly than the control in the three magnetic regimes., but without any effect according to differences in the magnetic force in the aerial and burried regimes of magnetism. It was concluded that magnetism affects both water absorption and retention , the most influenced regime was the aerial magnets followed by the surface and buried ones. This result can be interpreted by the ionization of water which makes water ions respond to magnetic forces. Photosyntions respond to magnetic forces. Photosynthetic pigments have been decreased significantly by the exposure to magnetic fields, irrespective to its direction or force and this may be due to the effect of magnetic fields on the reduction in plastids inside the cells. (author)

  5. EndoVascular Laser Therapy (EVLT) of Varicose Veins

    OpenAIRE

    S. Akhlaghpour; M.R. Zafar Ghandi; Ebrahimi, M. (BSc); Alinaghizadeh

    2005-01-01

    Introduction & Background: Tens of millions of people – up to 40% of women and 25% of men – suffer from lower limb varicose veins. Several risk factors are also identified including genetics, gender, age, obesity, hor-mones, pregnancy, and occupation. Sclerotheraphy is commonly used to treat small varicose veins. Medium-sized and large varicose veins can be removed by a surgical procedure called Stab avulsion or phlebectomy. EVLT is a new alternative surgical method for varicose veins...

  6. Evaluation of left renal vein entrapment using multidetector computed tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poyraz, Ahmet K.; Onur, Mehmet R. [Dept. of Radiology, Firat Univ. School of Medicine, Elazig (Turkey)], e-mail: akursadpoyraz@yahoo.com.tr; Firdolas, Fatih [Dept. of Urology, Firat Univ. School of Medicine, Elazig (Turkey); Kocakoc, Ercan [Dept. of Radiology, Bezmialem Vakif Univ., School of Medicine, Istanbul (Turkey)

    2013-03-15

    Background: Nutcracker syndrome, also called left renal vein entrapment syndrome, is a cause of non-glomerular hematuria with difficulties in diagnosis. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a powerful tool to prevent unnecessary diagnostic procedures. Purpose: To retrospectively determine the prevalence of nutcracker phenomenon and nutcracker syndrome seen in MDCT in consecutive patients. Material and Methods: The institutional review board approved the study and waived the requirement for informed consent. Abdominal contrast-enhanced MDCT scans were reviewed from 1000 consecutive patients. MDCT scan assessment included renal vein diameter measurements and evaluation for the presence of anterior or posterior left renal vein entrapment. Electronic medical records and urine analysis reports of patients with left renal vein entrapment were reviewed. Student's t test was used to assess differences in renal vein diameter in patients with left renal vein entrapment. Results: Left renal vein entrapment was observed in 10.9% (109), retroaortic left renal vein in 6.5% (65), entrapment of left renal vein between superior mesenteric artery and aorta in 4.1% (41), and circumaortic left renal vein in 0.3% (3) of patients. Mean diameters of right (8.8 {+-} 1.9 mm) and unentrapped left (8.9 {+-} 1.8 mm) renal veins were not significantly different (P = 0.1). The mean diameter of anterior entrapped left renal veins (10.3 {+-} 2 mm) was significantly greater (P = 0.04) than contralateral renal veins (8.6 {+-} 2.1 mm) in their widest portion. In 8.8% of patients with the left renal vein entrapment, urine analysis showed isomorphic hematuria or proteinuria with no other known cause. Varicocele and pelvic congestion were seen in 5.5% of patients with the left renal vein entrapment. Conclusion: Left renal vein entrapment is not a rare entity and renal nutcracker phenomenon might be underdiagnosed.

  7. Evaluation of left renal vein entrapment using multidetector computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Nutcracker syndrome, also called left renal vein entrapment syndrome, is a cause of non-glomerular hematuria with difficulties in diagnosis. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a powerful tool to prevent unnecessary diagnostic procedures. Purpose: To retrospectively determine the prevalence of nutcracker phenomenon and nutcracker syndrome seen in MDCT in consecutive patients. Material and Methods: The institutional review board approved the study and waived the requirement for informed consent. Abdominal contrast-enhanced MDCT scans were reviewed from 1000 consecutive patients. MDCT scan assessment included renal vein diameter measurements and evaluation for the presence of anterior or posterior left renal vein entrapment. Electronic medical records and urine analysis reports of patients with left renal vein entrapment were reviewed. Student's t test was used to assess differences in renal vein diameter in patients with left renal vein entrapment. Results: Left renal vein entrapment was observed in 10.9% (109), retroaortic left renal vein in 6.5% (65), entrapment of left renal vein between superior mesenteric artery and aorta in 4.1% (41), and circumaortic left renal vein in 0.3% (3) of patients. Mean diameters of right (8.8 ± 1.9 mm) and unentrapped left (8.9 ± 1.8 mm) renal veins were not significantly different (P = 0.1). The mean diameter of anterior entrapped left renal veins (10.3 ± 2 mm) was significantly greater (P = 0.04) than contralatantly greater (P = 0.04) than contralateral renal veins (8.6 ± 2.1 mm) in their widest portion. In 8.8% of patients with the left renal vein entrapment, urine analysis showed isomorphic hematuria or proteinuria with no other known cause. Varicocele and pelvic congestion were seen in 5.5% of patients with the left renal vein entrapment. Conclusion: Left renal vein entrapment is not a rare entity and renal nutcracker phenomenon might be underdiagnosed

  8. External Jugular Vein Aneurysm Presenting as a Cervical Mass

    OpenAIRE

    Eleni E. Drakonaki; SYMVOULAKIS, Emmanouil K.; Anthoula Fachouridi; Dimitrios Kounalakis; Emmanouil Tsafantakis

    2011-01-01

    Venous aneurysms are rare causes of neck mass. Among neck veins, aneurysms of the external jugular vein are extremely uncommon. We present a case of a woman with a history of prior internal jugular vein catheterization who presented at a rural primary health care unit with a nontender progressively enlarging swelling in the right supraclavicular region. B-mode and Doppler ultrasound examination revealed a saccular dilatation of the external jugular vein, suggesting a posttraumatic venous aneu...

  9. DNA sequence analysis of five genes; tnsA, B, C, D and E, required for Tn7 transposition.

    OpenAIRE

    Flores, C.; M. I. Qadri; Lichtenstein, C

    1990-01-01

    A region of DNA sequence of the bacterial transposon Tn7, which is required for transposition, has been determined. This DNA sequence completes an 8351 base pair (bp) region containing five long open reading frames (ORF's) that correspond to the genetically defined genes, tnsA, B, C, D and E, required for Tn7 transposition. All of the ORF's are oriented in the same direction, ie. inward from the element's right end. The genes are in a very compact arrangement with the presumed initiation codo...

  10. Biphilic Organophosphorus Catalysis: Regioselective Reductive Transposition of Allylic Bromides via P(III)/P(V) Redox Cycling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichl, Kyle D; Dunn, Nicole L; Fastuca, Nicholas J; Radosevich, Alexander T

    2015-04-29

    We report that a regioselective reductive transposition of primary allylic bromides is catalyzed by a biphilic organophosphorus (phosphetane) catalyst. Spectroscopic evidence supports the formation of a pentacoordinate (?(5)-P) hydridophosphorane as a key reactive intermediate. Kinetics experiments and computational modeling are consistent with a unimolecular decomposition of the ?(5)-P hydridophosphorane via a concerted cyclic transition structure that delivers the observed allylic transposition and completes a novel P(III)/P(V) redox catalytic cycle. These results broaden the growing repertoire of reactions catalyzed within the P(III)/P(V) redox couple and suggest additional opportunities for organophosphorus catalysis in a biphilic mode. PMID:25874950

  11. Emergency department investigation of deep vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Kilroy, D; Ireland, S; Reid, P; Goodacre, S.; Morris, F.

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: To apply a previously validated clinical model for predicting pre-test probability of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) to patients attending an emergency department with symptoms suggestive of DVT and assess its reproducibility in the patient population. To measure the diagnostic value of the SimpliRED D-dimer assay in effectively excluding DVT.

  12. Left renal vein compression syndrome ('nutcracker phenomenon')

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Four cases are presented with clinical diagnosis of scrotal varicocele on the left side, and one case with ureter varices and left-sided haematuria as a result of compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and superior mesenteric artery (SMA), also known as 'nutcracker phenomenon'. The clinical signs and the radiological diagnostic methods of the condition are discussed. (orig.)

  13. Axial Length in Retinal Vein Occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MirNaghi Mousavi

    2015-01-01

    Materials and Methods: After ethical approval, this case-control study was designed in Mashhad University of medical sciences. We selected 63 patients with retinal vein occlusion and 23 control group. Axial length was measured by a mode scan (NIDEK-US 4000, Japan, macular thickness (macular edema was evaluated by Optical Coherence Tomography (ZEISS, Germany. Data were analyzed with SPSS Version 16. P

  14. Veia gástrica posterior: hipertensão porta Posterior gastric vein: portal hipertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcino Lázaro da Silva

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available A veia gástrica posterior não é muito citada nos livros de anatomia e nos trabalhos sobre hipertensão porta. Estudou-se sua anatomia, freqüência e desembocadura. Ela foi encontrada em 54% dos casos e, em 100%, desembocava na veia esplênica. Discute-se a vantagem ou não de sua ligadura ou preservação no tratamento cirúrgico da hipertensão porta.The posterior gastric vein has not been mentioned very often neither in anatomy textbooks nor in portal hypertension papers. The authors studied the anatomy, frequency and confluence of this vein because is a huge variety in the presentation of esophageal varices. Twenty-six adult preserved corpses (twenty females and six males had a wide abdominal incision allowing the dissection of the portal system, identifying the frequency and confluence of its tributaries, notably the posterior gastric vein. The portal vein, in all cases, was formed by the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein with the splenic vein and had a mean length of 6.4 cm. The splenic vein had a mean length of 6.5 cm. The left gastric vein was tributary of the portal vein in 50% of the cases and in 30% of the cases in the splenic vein. The right gastric vein had it's confluence to portal vein in 30 % of the cases and to the splenic vein in 4 %. The inferior mesenteric vein was tributary of the splenic vein in 54% of the cases and in the superior mesenteric vein in 46%. The left gastro-omental vein had its confluence to the splenic vein in 50% of the cases and to the inferior polar vein in 34 %. The middle colic vein had its confluence to superior mesenteric vein in 42% of the cases, to inferior mesenteric vein in 12% and to splenic vein in 8%. The posterior gastric vein was found in 54% of the corpses, and in all cases it was a tributary of the splenic vein, in retropancreatic position, coming from the esophageal-gastric junction. These findings agree with previous papers describing a prevalence of 60% of posterior gastric vein in patients submitted to surgery in portal hypertension, and in all cases, this vein was tributary of the splenic vein. The identification of this vein may influence the treatment, because if left untied during cases of portal-azigos disconnection, they may predispose to postoperative bleeding, but in cases of splenorenal anastomosis may preserve its patency in cases of anastomosis occlusion, or can lead again to postoperative bleeding feeding the esophageal varices. To ligate or not this vein will depends on the surgeon 's experience and common sense. Regarding to previous papers and to this data presented here, the authors believe that the prevalence of this vein is between 50 and 60% in the population.

  15. Aneurysm of External Jugular Vein Mimicking Hemangioma of Neck

    OpenAIRE

    Aiyappan, Senthil Kumar; Ranga, Upasana; Veeraiyan, Saveetha

    2012-01-01

    Venous aneurysms are one of the rare causes of neck swellings. Among neck veins, external jugular vein aneurysms are uncommon. We present a case of a woman who presented with a nontender compressible swelling in the left lower neck region, which initially thought to be hemangioma, was later found to be external jugular vein aneurysm on Doppler ultrasound and CT angiography.

  16. Venous thrombosis in subclavian, axillary, brachial veins with extension to internal jugular vein, right sigmoid sinus and simultaneous pulmonary embolism

    OpenAIRE

    Tamizifar, Babak; Beigi, Arash; Rismankarzadeh, Maryam

    2013-01-01

    We present a rare case of Venous Thrombosis in Subclavian, Axillary, Brachial Veins with extension to Internal Jugular vein, right sigmoid sinus and simultaneous Pulmonary embolism during the treatment with low molecular weight heparin.

  17. Vein thromboembolism prevention in stroke patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savi? Dejan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Having in mind the rate of occurrence and clinical importance, venous thromboembolism implies venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism as a result of embolisation of the thrombotic particles from deep veins or pelvic veins. Venous thrombosis of the deep veins may result in chronic vein insufficiency, but the primary medical problem is the possibility of development of pulmonary embolism which may cause permanent respiratory function damage or even fatal outcome. Venous thromboembolism prevention in stroke The high incidence of deep vein thrombosis (30% clinically and up to 50% subclinically in acute stroke hemiparetic and bed ridden patients within two weeks from the onset and 1-2% pulmonary embolism with the fatal outcome in the first month clinically and 17% of all fatal outcomes in postmortem investigations present a necessity for the early venous thromboembolism prevention. On the other hand, the most powerful prevention strategy - anticoagulation has important limitations in acute stroke patients: almost impossible to be used in cerebral haemorrhage and a great risk for the development of hemorrhagic transformation in cerebral infarction. The fact that other prevention strategies have limited value requires an estimation of efectivity-risk ratio in venous thromboembolism prevention in stroke. Conclusion Venous thromboembolism prevention in stroke patients is necessary because of a greater risk for venous thromboembolism in these patients according to the nature of illness and functional disability, but also a problem because of limited possibility to recommend the proper medicament according to the risk of serious complications. The necessity of preventing venous thromboembolism and estimation of efficiency-risk ratio in stroke patients, beside plenty of studies and consensus conferences, remain individual and often very difficult.

  18. Outpatient consent practice for varicose vein surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Amin A

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Azzam Al-Amin, Muhammad Faiz Taib, Yousif Aawsaj, Asad RahiEast Lancashire Healthcare Trust, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Blackburn Hospital, Blackburn, United KingdomBackground: The aims of this study were to assess the accuracy and completeness of current consent practice in an outpatient clinic for open and minimally invasive varicose vein surgery, and to ascertain the type of complications suffered by patients and their correlation with consent practice.Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of outpatient consent practice from January to December 2010. All patients undergoing varicose vein surgery by open or endovenous laser therapy under a single consultant were identified. Case notes were examined by looking at clinic letters and consent forms, which were assessed against current standards.Results: Over 12 months, 103 consecutive patients were analyzed, and comprised 69 undergoing open surgery and 34 undergoing endovenous laser therapy. In total, 91% of patients were consented by a consultant, 6% by a senior house officer, and 3% by a registrar. For open surgery, all patients were consented for bruising, infection, numbness, nerve damage, and deep vein thrombosis. Only 43% were consented for pain; 2.76% were suffering pain and 6% were consented for thrombophlebitis without suffering. All patients who underwent endovenous laser therapy were consented for pain, numbness, skin discoloration, thrombophlebitis, nerve damage, and deep vein thrombosis. Only 8.8% were consented for infection and 2.9% suffered. No patients were consented for skin burns.Conclusion: Different strategies should be considered to improve the consent process and avoid the withholding of apparently trivial but crucial information during consenting.Keywords: consent, litigation, outpatient, varicose veins

  19. Isolated thrombosis of the external jugular vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomina, M J; Godet, C; Bagó, J; Pellisé, F; Puig, O; Villanueva, C

    2000-08-01

    Thrombosis of the external jugular vein (EJV) is an infrequent clinical condition that has been associated with central venous catheterization, head and neck infections, intravenous drug abuse, and compression at the affected site. The authors report a case of thrombotic obstruction of the EJV in the late postoperative period after laparoscopic anterior lumbar interbody fusion. A 40-year-old morbidly obese woman with a depressive syndrome was diagnosed with L5-S1 discopathy and was submitted to laparoscopic anterior isthmic fusion. The operation lasted approximately 6 hours, during which the patient remained in a supine decubitus and Trendelenburg position. The left radial artery, peripheral veins, and right internal jugular vein were canalized. The internal jugular vein catheter was electively withdrawn 24 hours after the intervention. The postoperative period was satisfactory, and the patient was started on prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin. She sat up and began walking at 24 hours and was discharged to her home 4 days after the procedure. Eight days after discharge she returned, experiencing right cervical pain. Palpation revealed a painful induration and erythematous area under the anterior edge of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Results of otoscopy and laryngoscopy were normal. Cervical echo-Doppler disclosed an image consistent with EJV thrombosis. The most frequent causes of jugular vein thrombosis are mentioned above. A higher incidence has been described after upper abdomen and pelvic surgery; other contributing factors are age, obesity, and associated illness. There are few references in the literature to position-induced EJV thrombosis in the late postoperative period. The authors' patient presented signs and symptoms of EJV thrombosis (probably because of various factors), which was confirmed by echo-Doppler study and treated with 10 days of calcic heparin. PMID:10961761

  20. Factors Associated with Recurrence of Varicose Veins after Thermal Ablation: Results of The Recurrent Veins after Thermal Ablation Study

    OpenAIRE

    Bush, R. G.; Bush, P.; Flanagan, J.; Fritz, R.; Gueldner, T.; Koziarski, J.; Mcmullen, K.; Zumbro, G.

    2014-01-01

    Background. The goal of this retrospective cohort study (REVATA) was to determine the site, source, and contributory factors of varicose vein recurrence after radiofrequency (RF) and laser ablation. Methods. Seven centers enrolled patients into the study over a 1-year period. All patients underwent previous thermal ablation of the great saphenous vein (GSV), small saphenous vein (SSV), or anterior accessory great saphenous vein (AAGSV). From a specific designed study tool, the etiology of rec...

  1. Primary varicose veins: Frequency, clinical significance and surgical treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasi? Dragan M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION According to the definition of the World Health Organization, varicose veins represent abnormally enlarged superficial veins having baggy or cylindrical shape. The most frequent cause of primary varicose veins is the insufficiency of long saphenous vein (LSV, but especially the basin of its connection with femoral vein and perforating veins. OBJECTIVE The objectives of these investigations were: the determination of insufficiency incidence of SSV in cases of LSV insufficiency; the establishment of association of insufficiency of perforating veins of the basin of LSV and SSV; the study of the results of surgical treatment of insufficiency and varicosity of both short and long saphenous veins. METHODS In this study, 100 patients (66 women and 34 men, average age 52.1 years, with clinical symptoms showing the insufficiency and varicosity of long saphenous vein with no change of deep vein system were examined. Ultrasonographic examinations were made using Color Doppler probes - 7.5 and 3.75 MHz (Toshiba Corevison SSA 350 A; the development of incompetence of long saphenous vein (LSV and short saphenous vein (SSV at the level of the junction as well as other incompetent valves were examined. The reflux was defined as a retrograde flow of the duration longer than 0.5 seconds. RESULTS The insufficiency of short saphenous vein was determined by ultrasonographic examination in 34%, while the insufficiency of perforating veins in 80% of patients. 40% of patients were operated (33.3% of females, and 52.9% of males. The most frequent indications for surgical treatment of superficial veins insufficiency were: strong varicosities, clear symptoms and signs, superficial thrombophlebitis and conditions after superficial thrombophlebitis. Surgical treatment was applied in 16% of patients due to recurrence in the basin of long saphenous vein, and in 6% of cases because of the recurrence in the basin of short saphenous vein. Data analysis failed to discover any statistically significant difference between the age of patients and varicosities in the basin of long saphenous vein as well as in the basin of short saphenous vein (51.98±9.97 years; 54.50±31.82 years; t=0.36; p>0.05, or any significant difference of BMI value, with regard to the obesity of patients and varicosities in the basin of long saphenous vein as well as in the basin of short saphenous vein (28.02±4.61 kg/m2; 24.50±6.36 kg/m2; t=0.50; p>0.05. No statistically significant correlation was found between Color Duplex findings of insufficiency of both long saphenous vein and short saphenous vein (p=-0.21 ; p>0.05, nor any significant correlation of Color Duplex findings of perforating veins insufficiency in the basin of long saphenous vein and short saphenous vein (p=-0.115; p>0.05. CONCLUSION The incidence of insufficiency is significant: approximately every third patient has short saphenous vein insufficiency, while three third of patients have perforating veins insufficiency. Color Duplex limb's veins ultrasonography is highly reliable method for the examination and study of superficial veins diseases, which is very important for preoperative decision-making and selection of surgical technique as well as for postoperative follow-up.

  2. Penatalaksanaan Anestesi Pasien Transposition of the Great Arteries pada Operasi Mouth Preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade Arya Nugraha

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Transposition of the great arteries (TGA results from failure of the truncus arteriosus to spiral, so that the aorta arises from the anterior portion of the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery arises from the left ventricle. TGA which is the type of cyanotic congenital heart disease. A girl of 4 years came for treatment and tooth extraction as preparation for the surgical correction of TGA at the Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital –Bandung within January 2014. Patient with a history of blue when she was a baby and on physical examination found the child looking cyanosis, SpO2 70–80%, sistolic murmur and clubbing finger. Abnormalities on echocardiography obtained TGA. Anesthetic management of this patients was performed using ketamine and vecuronium for induction and maintenance with O2, N2O, and sevoflurane. Cyanotic attacks can occur preoperative, intraoperative, and post operative, which was treated by increasing systemic vascular resistance (SVR compared to pulmonary vascular resistance. In conclusions, perioperative management principal for non cardiac surgery on transposition of the great arteries (TGA is to keep SVR from decline and increase on PVR.

  3. Transposition anti-involution in Clifford algebras and invariance groups of scalar products on spinor spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Ablamowicz, Rafal

    2011-01-01

    We introduce on the abstract level in real Clifford algebras \\cl_{p,q} of a non-degenerate quadratic space (V,Q), where Q has signature \\epsilon=(p,q), a transposition anti-involution \\tp. In a spinor representation, the anti-involution \\tp gives transposition, complex Hermitian conjugation or quaternionic Hermitian conjugation when the spinor space \\check{S} is viewed as a \\cl_{p,q}-left and \\check{K}-right module with \\check{K} isomorphic to R or R^2, C, or, H or H^2. \\tp is a lifting to \\cl_{p,q} of an orthogonal involution \\tve: V \\rightarrow V which depends on the signature of Q. The involution is a symmetric correlatio \\tve: V \\rightarrow V^{*} \\cong V and it allows one to define a reciprocal basis for the dual space (V^{*},Q). The anti-involution \\tp acts as reversion on \\cl_{p,0} and as conjugation on \\cl_{0,q}. Using the concept of a transpose of a linear mapping one can show that if [L_u] is a matrix in the left regular representation of the operator L_u: \\cl_{p,q} \\rightarrow \\cl_{p,q} relative to ...

  4. A poorly known case of watershed transposition between the São Francisco and upper Paraná river basins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Moreira Filho

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available During construction of the Furnas hydroelectric power dam in the upper rio Paraná basin in the early 1960s, the rio Piumhi drainage outflow was diverted into the headwaters of the São Francisco river basin. The rio Piumhi was a right bank tributary of the rio Grande, which unites with the rio Paranaíba to form the rio Paraná. The transposition allowed the entire fish fauna of the rio Piumhi and associated swamps, lakes, and tributaries to intermingle with the fish fauna of the São Francisco basin via the ribeirão Sujo, a right bank tributary of the São Francisco. The transposition of the watershed may have had a major impact on the current composition of the fish fauna of the upper rio São Francisco watershed.Durante a construção do reservatório hidroelétrico de Furnas na bacia do alto rio Paraná no início da década de 1960, o fluxo de águas do rio Piumhi foi desviado para as cabeceiras da bacia do rio São Francisco. O rio Piumhi era um tributário da margem direita do rio Grande, o qual se une com rio Paranaíba para formar o rio Paraná. A transposição permitiu que toda a fauna de peixes do rio Piumhi e banhados, lagos e tributários associados se mesclasse com a fauna de peixes da bacia do rio São Francisco através do ribeirão Sujo, um tributário da margem direita do São Francisco. A transposição da bacia pode ter ocasionado grande impacto na atual composição da fauna de peixes da bacia do alto rio São Francisco.

  5. Trigger of autoimmune diseases (SLE): identification of LINE transposition based novel therapeutic molecular targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiwari, Anupama; Soni, Upendra Kumar

    2014-12-01

    Autoimmune diseases are the highly heterogeneous at cellular and molecular level. The causes and consequences of most of the autoimmune diseases are not well explored. However the researches focusing on the development of biomarkers for the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases are seems to be inadequate and given treatment are insufficient to control or cure the disease properly. It is a big obstacle to develop any therapy without knowing the actual cause and molecular event playing role in disease onset. In this article we are raising the involvement of LINE or other transposition as a first trigger and cause for autoimmune disease. Further we are proposing a novel hybrid aptamers based biocapturing model which would help in the investigation of genome-wide LINE transposition in pristane induced SLE mice model. Importantly the effect of new LINE movements at the expression pattern of neighboring genes would be used as novel molecular prognostic biomarkers for onset of SLE and related autoimmune diseases. We are also proposing that the differential expression either inductive or suppressive pattern of expected several candidate genes would be implicated in the defective biochemical or cellular defects, and targeted therapy would be employed to such life threatening disease. PMID:25468787

  6. [Preoperative and postoperative imaging in patients with transposition of the great arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutberlet, M; Hoffmann, J; Künzel, E; Fleischer, A; Sarikouch, S; Beerbaum, P; Lehmkuhl, L; Andres, C; Lurz, P; Kostelka, M; Abdul-Khaliq, H; Dähnert, I; Grothoff, M

    2011-01-01

    Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is a rare disease representing not more than 3-5% of all congenital heart diseases. TGA is a cardiac anomaly in which the aorta arises entirely or largely from the morphological right ventricle and the pulmonary artery from the morphological left ventricle. This is called a ventriculo-arterial discordant connection and when accompanied by an atrio-ventricular concordant connection it is called a complete or D-transposition (D-TGA). The terms congenitally corrected TGA (ccTGA) or L-TGA describe an atrio-ventricular discordant connection. In D-TGA survival can only be achieved if additional shunting is simultaneously present, which possibly has to be created post-natal by the so-called Rashkind maneuver.Nowadays, an early anatomic correction using the arterial switch operation is the treatment of choice. Up to the 1980s, an atrial switch operation according to Senning/Mustard was performed. Apart from echocardiography the imaging modality of choice is usually MRI to assess the complex postoperative anatomy, viability of the myocardium and to perform a volumetric and functional assessment, including MR flow measurements. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is used if there are contraindications to MRI or if an assessment of cardiac and especially coronary anatomy is the main interest. PMID:21165591

  7. Transposition of the biceps tendon to reduce lateral scapulohumeral luxation in three species of nondomestic ruminant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Lauren L; Richardson, G Lynn

    2005-06-01

    Open reduction of lateral luxation of the scapulohumeral joint was performed in a Mhorr gazelle (Gazella dama mhorr), a southern pudu (Pudu puda), and an Alpine ibex (Capra ibex ibex) by transposition of the biceps brachii tendon lateral to the greater tubercle of the humerus. The ibex had a very large greater tubercle that required a second osteotomy to allow successful lateral transfer of the tendon. Although all three animals were non-weight bearing in the first 2-3 wk after surgery, ambulation improved at 3 wk and was almost normal by 6 wk after surgery. Postoperative follow-up of 8 yr, 7 mo, and 3 mo in the gazelle, pudu, and ibex, respectively, revealed normal ambulation with no gait deficits. The gazelle was euthanized 8 yr after surgery for unrelated disease and necropsy demonstrated mild to moderate degenerative joint disease. Similar lateral shoulder luxations in comparably sized, nondomestic ruminants, without concurrent fractures or significant joint abnormality, have a good prognosis for return to function after surgical reduction using a biceps tendon transposition. PMID:17323571

  8. Construction of transposition insertion libraries and specific gene inactivation in the pathogen Lactococcus garvieae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menéndez, Aurora; Mayo, Baltasar; Guijarro, José A

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports the development of genetic tools in Lactococcus garvieae, an important Gram-positive bacterial pathogen affecting both fish and mammals. The vector pGKV210, a broad host range vector, was introduced by electroporation into L. garvieae UNIUD074. The maximal frequency obtained was 3.2 x 10(5) transformants/mug of DNA. Moreover, this effect is highly reproducible and appears to be constant, since all L. garvieae strains tested were transformed. Once the optimal transformation procedure was established, it was used to generate isogenic and transposition mutants. Insertional mutagenesis of the L. garvieae SA9H10L gene, similar to a Streptococcus pyogenes gene encoding the M protein (emm64), was carried out using the conditional replication plasmid pORI19. Transposition mutagenesis using the streptococcal temperature-sensitive suicide vector pTV408 to deliver Tn917 into the chromosome of L. garvieae was also achieved at a frequency of ca. 10(-4). Transposon flanking DNA sequences were obtained by plasmid rescue in Escherichia coli and their sequencing analysis demonstrated that the transposon was inserted at different chromosomal loci. Tn917 also made it possible to select a mutant in the operon involved in mannitol fermentation in this microorganism. The results obtained in the present study lay the foundation for future research on the virulence mechanisms of L. garvieae. PMID:16797929

  9. Biometric Authentication Using Infrared Imaging of Hand Vein Patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Debnath; Shrotri, A.; Rethrekar, S. C.; Patil, M. H.; Alisherov, Farkhod A.; Kim, Tai-Hoon

    Hand vein patterns are unique and universal. Vein pattern is used as biometric feature in recent years. But, it is not very much popular biometric system as compared to other systems like fingerprint, iris etc, because of the higher cost. For conventional algorithm, it is necessary to use high quality images, which demand high-priced collection devices. There are two approaches for vein authentication, these are hand dorsa and hand ventral. Currently we are working on hand dorsa vein patterns. Here we are putting forward the new approach for low cost hand dorsa vein pattern acquisition using low cost device and proposing a algorithm to extract features from these low quality images.

  10. Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera leaf powder and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum leaf paste on sensory and nutritional qualities of beef and ham burgers – A preliminary study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Teye

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Moringa leaf powder and sweet basil leaf paste are commonly used in local dishes in Ghana for purposes of flavour enhancement and nutrient supplements. This study was conducted to determine the effects of Moringa (Moringa oleifera leaf powder (MLP and Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum leaf paste (SBLP on the sensory characteristics and nutritional compositions of beef and hamburgers. MLP and SBLP were incorporated at 0g (Control, T1, 2g, 4g and 6g/kg meat (T2, T3 and T4 respectively during the production of the burgers. The burgers were vacuum-packed and frozen for sensory and laboratory analyses. The M. oleifera leaf powder had significant (P0.01 the crude protein content but no significant effect on sensory characteristics of the products.

  11. Transcutaneous laser treatment of leg veins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meesters, Arne A; Pitassi, Luiza H U; Campos, Valeria; Wolkerstorfer, Albert; Dierickx, Christine C

    2014-03-01

    Leg telangiectasias and reticular veins are a common complaint affecting more than 80% of the population to some extent. To date, the gold standard remains sclerotherapy for most patients. However, there may be some specific situations, where sclerotherapy is contraindicated such as needle phobia, allergy to certain sclerosing agents, and the presence of vessels smaller than the diameter of a 30-gauge needle (including telangiectatic matting). In these cases, transcutaneous laser therapy is a valuable alternative. Currently, different laser modalities have been proposed for the management of leg veins. The aim of this article is to present an overview of the basic principles of transcutaneous laser therapy of leg veins and to review the existing literature on this subject, including the most recent developments. The 532-nm potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser, the 585-600-nm pulsed dye laser, the 755-nm alexandrite laser, various 800-983-nm diode lasers, and the 1,064-nm neodymium yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd:YAG) laser and various intense pulsed light sources have been investigated for this indication. The KTP and pulsed dye laser are an effective treatment option for small vessels (<1 mm). The side effect profile is usually favorable to that of longer wavelength modalities. For larger veins, the use of a longer wavelength is required. According to the scarce evidence available, the Nd:YAG laser produces better clinical results than the alexandrite and diode laser. Penetration depth is high, whereas absorption by melanin is low, making the Nd:YAG laser suitable for the treatment of larger and deeply located veins and for the treatment of patients with dark skin types. Clinical outcome of Nd:YAG laser therapy approximates that of sclerotherapy, although the latter is associated with less pain. New developments include (1) the use of a nonuniform pulse sequence or a dual-wavelength modality, inducing methemoglobin formation and enhancing the optical absorption properties of the target structure, (2) pulse stacking and multiple pass laser treatment, (3) combination of laser therapy with sclerotherapy or radiofrequency, and (4) indocyanin green enhanced laser therapy. Future studies will have to confirm the role of these developments in the treatment of leg veins. The literature still lacks double-blind controlled clinical trials comparing the different laser modalities with each other and with sclerotherapy. Such trials should be the focus of future research. PMID:24220848

  12. Ligation of superior mesenteric vein and portal to splenic vein anastomosis after superior mesenteric-portal vein confluence resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy – Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianlin Tang

    2014-12-01

    Conclusion: The lessons we learned are (1 Before SMPV confluence resection, internal jugular vein graft should be ready for reconstruction. (2 Synthetic graft is an alternative for internal jugular vein graft. (3 Direct portal vein to SMV anastomosis can be achieved by mobilizing liver. (4 It is possible that venous collaterals secondary to SMV tumor obstruction may have allowed this patient's post-operative survival.

  13. Development of HIFU Therapy System for Lower Extremity Varicose Veins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment utilizing microbubbles was investigated in the present study. It is known that microbubbles have the potential to enhance the heating effects of an ultrasound field. In this study, the heat accompanying microbubble oscillation was used to occlude varicose veins. Alteration of veins was observed after ultrasound irradiation. Veins were resected by stripping. In this study, two vein conditions were adopted during HIFU irradiation; non-compressed and compressed. Compressing the vein was expected to improve occlusion by rubbing the altered intima under compressed conditions. The frequency of the ultrasound was 1.7 MHz, the intensity at the focus was 2800 W/cm2, and the irradiation time was 20 s. In this study, the contrast agent Levovist registered was chosen as a microbubble source, and the void fraction (ratio of total gas volume to liquid) in the vein was fixed at 10-5. Under non-compressed conditions, changes were observed only at the adventitia of the vein anterior wall. In contrast, under compressed conditions, changes were observed from the intima to the adventitia of both the anterior and posterior walls, and they were partly stuck together. In addition, more experiments with hematoxylin-eosin staining suggested that the changes in the vein were more substantial under the latter conditions. From these results, it was confirmed that the vein was occluded more easily with vein compression.ed more easily with vein compression.

  14. Atypical penile Mondor's disease - involvement of the circumflex vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Rahul; Sonthalia, Sidharth; Gera, Tanu; Sarkar, Rashmi

    2015-04-01

    Mondor's disease is a rare condition characterised by superficial thrombophlebitis of subcutaneous veins, most commonly over the anterior chest wall. Penile Mondor's disease is rarer, arising out of thrombophlebitis of the penile veins. It typically involves the dorsal vein of the penis and presents with a cord-like indurated lesion with a beaded feel, palpable along the length of the involved vein. Though penile Mondor's disease involving the dorsal vein of the penis has been reported by many authors, we report a peculiar case of penile Mondor's disease in a 26-year-old sexually active man with thrombophlebitis of the circumflex vein of the penis with sparing of the dorsal vein. Diagnosis was confirmed on Doppler ultrasonography of the penile venous system. Despite exhaustive history taking, no cause could be elicited. The lesion completely subsided within three days with daily local hot fomentation. We propose the term 'atypical penile Mondor's disease' for such a case. PMID:24867818

  15. Holy Basil Leaf Extract Decreases Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Aggressive Human Pancreatic Cancer Cells in vitro and in vivo: Potential Role in Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Shimizu, Tomohiro; Torres, María P; CHAKRABORTY, Subhankar; Souchek, Joshua J.; Rachagani, Satyanarayana; KAUR, SUKHWINDER; Macha, Muzafar; Ganti, Apar K.; Hauke, Ralph J; BATRA, Surinder K

    2013-01-01

    There is an urgent need to develop alternative therapies against lethal pancreatic cancer (PC). Ocimum sanctum (“Holy Basil”) has been used for thousands of years in traditional Indian medicine, but its anti-tumorigenic effect remains largely unexplored. Here, we show that extracts of O. sanctum leaves inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion, and induce apoptosis of PC cells in vitro. The expression of genes that promote the proliferation, migration and invasion of PC cells including a...

  16. The effects of kale (Brassica oleracea ssp. acephala), basil (Ocimum basilicum) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris) as forage material in organic egg production on egg quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    HammershØj, Marianne; Steenfeldt, Sanna

    2012-01-01

    1. In organic egg production, forage material as part of the diet for laying hens is mandatory. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of feeding with forage materials including maize silage, herbs or kale on egg production and various egg quality parameters of the shell, yolk colour, egg albumen, sensory properties, fatty acid and carotenoid composition of the egg yolk. 2. A total of 5 dietary treatments were tested for 5 weeks, consisting of a basal organic feed plus 120 g/ hen.d of the following forage materials: 1) maize silage (control), 2) maize silage incl. 15 g/kg basil, 3) maize silage incl. 30 g/kg basil, 4) maize silage incl. 15 g/kg thyme, or 5) fresh kale leaves. Each was supplied to three replicates of 20 hens. A total of 300 hens was used. 3. Feed intake, forage intake and laying rate did not differ with treatment, but egg weight and egg mass produced increased significantly with the kale treatment. 4. The egg shell strength tended to be higher with the kale treatment, andegg yolk colour was significantly more red with the kale treatment and more yellow with basil and kale treatments. The albumen DM content and albumen gel strength were lowest with the thyme treatment. By sensory evaluation, the kale treatment resulted in eggs with less sulphur aroma, higher yolk colour score, and more sweet and less watery albumen taste. Furthermore, the eggs of the kale treatment had significantly higher lutein and -carotene content. Also, violaxanthin, an orange xanthophyll, tended to be higher in kale and eggs from hens receiving kale. 5. In conclusion, forage material, especially basil and kale, resulted in increased egg production and eggs of high and differentiable quality.

  17. Inferior Alveolar Nerve Lateralization and Transposition for Dental Implant Placement. Part I: a Systematic Review of Surgical Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juodzbalys, Gintaras

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives The purpose of this first part of a two-part series was to review the literature concerning the indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages and surgical techniques of the lateralization and transposition of the inferior alveolar nerve, followed by the placement of an implant in an edentulous atrophic posterior mandible. Material and Methods A comprehensive review of the current literature was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines by accessing the NCBI PubMed and PMC database, academic sites and books. The articles were searched from January 1997 to July 2014 and comprised English-language articles that included adult patients between 18 and 80 years old with minimal residual bone above the mandibular canal who had undergone inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) repositioning with a minimum 6 months of follow-up. Results A total of 16 studies were included in this review. Nine were related to IAN transposition, 4 to IAN lateralization and 3 to both transposition and lateralization. Implant treatment results and complications were presented. Conclusions Inferior alveolar nerve lateralization and transposition in combination with the installation of dental implants is sometimes the only possible procedure to help patients to obtain a fixed prosthesis, in edentulous atrophic posterior mandibles. With careful pre-operative surgical and prosthetic planning, imaging, and extremely precise surgical technique, this procedure can be successfully used for implant placement in edentulous posterior mandibular segments. PMID:25937873

  18. Efficient transposition of the youngest miniature inverted repeat transposable element family of yellow fever mosquito in yeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattash, Isam; Lee, Chia-Ni; Mo, Kaiguo; Yang, Guojun

    2015-05-01

    Miniature inverted repeat transposable elements (MITEs) are often the most numerous DNA transposons in plant and animal genomes. The dramatic amplification of MITE families during evolution is puzzling, because the transposase sources for the vast majority of MITE families are unknown. The yellow fever mosquito genome contains > 220-Mb MITE sequences; however, transposition activity has not been demonstrated for any of the MITE families. The Gnome elements are the youngest MITE family in this genome, with at least 116 identical copies. To test whether the putative autonomous element Ozma is capable of mobilizing Gnome and its two sibling MITEs, analyses were performed in a yeast transposition assay system. Whereas the wild-type transposase resulted in very low transposition activity, mutations in the region containing a putative nuclear export signal motif resulted in a dramatic (at least 4160-fold) increase in transposition frequency. We have also demonstrated that each residue of the novel DD37E motif is required for the activity of the Ozma transposase. Footprint sequences left at the donor sites suggest that the transposase may cleave between the second and the third nucleotides from the 5' ends of the elements. The excised elements reinsert specifically at dinucleotide 'TA', ~ 55% of them in yeast genes. The elements described in this article could potentially be useful as genetic tools for genetic manipulation of mosquitoes. PMID:25754725

  19. Complete transposition of the aorta and pulmonary artery in a Belgian Blue crossbreed calf: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weerts Erik AWS

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complete transposition of the great arteries is a congenital cardiac malformation occasionally encountered in cattle and other species. The objective of the present report was to provide a detailed clinical, echocardiographic and post mortem description of a calf presenting with this condition. Case presentation A 6-week old male Belgian Blue cross-breed calf was examined for respiratory distress and exercise intolerance. The patient was bright, alert and responsive without any neurologic abnormalities but was exercise intolerant, had marked cyanosis, tachycardia, tachypnea, a pansystolic heart murmur as well as a bilaterally palpable thrill over the heart. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed marked hypoxemia (PaO2 = 23 mmHg, O2sat = 41.1%, mild hypercapnia and compensated respiratory acidosis. Echocardiographic examination revealed a complete transposition of the great arteries in combination with a ventricular septal defect through which blood shunted bidirectionally. Cardiac catheterization confirmed that arterialization of blood of the systemic circulation solely occurred in the right ventricle through blood shunting from the left into the right ventricle. Results of post mortem examination are presented. Conclusion Complete transposition of the great arteries is a cyanotic congenital anomaly repeatedly reported in calves that should be considered as differential diagnosis in patients presenting with hypoxemia more severe than commonly encountered with other congenital cyanotic heart conditions. We give a comprehensive summary of the clinical presentation, diagnostic work-up and post mortem examination of a Belgian Blue cross-breed calf with complete transposition of the great arteries

  20. Inferior Alveolar Nerve Lateralization and Transposition for Dental Implant Placement. Part I: a Systematic Review of Surgical Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Abayev

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of this first part of a two-part series was to review the literature concerning the indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages and surgical techniques of the lateralization and transposition of the inferior alveolar nerve, followed by the placement of an implant in an edentulous atrophic posterior mandible. Material and Methods: A comprehensive review of the current literature was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines by accessing the NCBI PubMed and PMC database, academic sites and books. The articles were searched from January 1997 to July 2014 and comprised English-language articles that included adult patients between 18 and 80 years old with minimal residual bone above the mandibular canal who had undergone inferior alveolar nerve (IAN repositioning with a minimum 6 months of follow-up. Results: A total of 16 studies were included in this review. Nine were related to IAN transposition, 4 to IAN lateralization and 3 to both transposition and lateralization. Implant treatment results and complications were presented. Conclusions: Inferior alveolar nerve lateralization and transposition in combination with the installation of dental implants is sometimes the only possible procedure to help patients to obtain a fixed prosthesis, in edentulous atrophic posterior mandibles. With careful pre-operative surgical and prosthetic planning, imaging, and extremely precise surgical technique, this procedure can be successfully used for implant placement in edentulous posterior mandibular segments.

  1. Cascade approach to stereoselective polycyclic ether formation: epoxides as trapping agents in the transposition of allylic alcohols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Youwei; Floreancig, Paul E

    2013-01-01

    Complexity from simplicity: polycyclic ethers are synthesized by cascade reactions involving the use of epoxides as electrophilic traps in the transposition of allylic alcohols. Stereogenic centers are created by functionalizing prochiral sites under thermodynamic control, and remote stereoinduction can be achieved through the use of ketones as conduits. PMID:23172717

  2. Computed tomographic evaluation of the portal vein in the hepatomas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography and pornographic findings of 63 patients with hepatoma, undergone hepatic angiography and superior mesenteric pornography for evaluation of tumor and thrombosis of portal vein and determination of indication of transcatheter arterial embolization for palliative treatment of hepatoma from April, 85 to June, 86 in Hanyang university hospital, were reviewed. The results were as follows: 1. In 36 cases, portal vein thrombosis was detected during photography. Nineteen of 37 cases which revealed localized hepatoma in the right lobe of the liver showed portal vein thrombosis; 9 of 11 cases of the left lobe; 8 of 14 cases which were involved in entire liver revealed thrombosis. One case localized in the caudate lobe showed no evidence of invasion to portal vein. 2. Twenty-four of 34 cases with diffuse infiltrative hepatoma revealed portal vein thrombosis and the incidence of portal vein thrombosis in this type were higher than in the cases of the nodular type. 3. The portal vein thrombosis appeared as filling defects of low density in the lumen of the portal veins in CT and they did not reveal contrast enhancement. 4. CT revealed well the evidence of obstructions in the cases of portal vein thrombosis and the findings were well-corresponded to the findings of the superior mesenteric photography. 5. Five of the cases of the portal vein thrombosis were missed in the CT and the causes were considered as due to partial volume effect of enhanced portal vein wit volume effect of enhanced portal vein with partial occlusion or arterioportal shunts. 6. Six of 13 cases with occlusion of main portal vein showed cavernous transformation and they were noted as multiple small enhanced vascularities around the porta hepatis in the CT. According to the results, we conclude that CT is a useful modality to detect the changes of the portal veins in the patients of the hepatoma.

  3. Changes in the content of total nitrogen and mineral nitrogen in the basil herb depending on the cultivar and nitrogen nutrition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Dzida

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Among fundamental nutrients, nitrogen fertilization is considered one of the most effective factors affecting both the yield and the quality of plant material. Nitrogen form used for fertilizing is also of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of nitrogen nutrition (calcium nitrate, ammonium nitrate, and urea as well as (green, purple, and‘Fino Verde’ on the chemical composition and yielding of basil (Ocimum basilicumL.. After drying the plant material at a temperature of 60°C and milling, total nitrogen was determined by means of Kjeldahl method, while mineral nitrogen content (N-NH 4, N-NO 3 was analyzed in 2% acetic acid extract. Yield of fresh basil matter depended significantly on the variety grown. The highest yields were obtained from a cultivar of ‘Fino Verde’ fertilized with ammonium nitrate. The purple variety plants fertilized with urea were characterized by a largest amount of total nitrogen. The‘Fino Verde’cultivar fertilized with urea accumulated the least quantities of nitrates in the basil herb.

  4. Inadvertent Port: Catheter Placement in Azygos Vein

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harish, K.; Madhu, Y. C.

    2012-01-01

    Totally implantable ports are safe and effective means of venous access for administration of chemotherapy. One of the usual vessels accessed, through which the port is placed, is the subclavian. Herein, we report a case where the central access was obtained through the left subclavian vein. But the catheter when it was placed was found to be in the azygos vein. This was confirmed with dye study. This is the first report of such an occurrence with subclavian access. The catheter was later withdrawn and repositioned in the superior vena cava. We recommend that the entire procedure of catheter placement must be done under fluoroscopy guidance to ensure safe and error-free positioning. PMID:23730139

  5. CT of the superior intercostal veins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The right and left superior intercostal veins (RSIV and LSIV) were identified respectively in 85% and 49% of normal CT examinations of the thorax. The RSIV is identified as an oval paraspinal density beginning over the lateral aspect of the upper thoracic spine that enlarges and courses medially as it progresses causally. The paraspinal portion of the LSIV may be seen on CT, but more often the LSIV is seen as it courses anteriorly to join the left brachiocephalic vein. The RSIV is laterally displaced in cases of an azygos lobe, and it may be enlarged in cases of heart failure or superior vena caval obstruction. The LSIV may be enlarged in cases of hemiazygos continuation, heart failure, or superior vena caval obstruction. The RSIV should not be misinterpreted as a subpleural nodule

  6. Lower extremity dep vein thrombosis in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Of 113 leg venograms performed in patients of all ages between 1969 and 1982, 68 were in children 16 years old or less. The patients were all studied on a tilt table (method of Rabinov and Paulin) in a head-up, 40-500 incline without tourniquets, supporting their weight on the unaffected leg. Among the 68 venograms, 12 (18%) were positive for deep vein thrombosis. The clinical settings for thrombosis in children were post-catheterization (two patients), post surgery (two), tumor/tumor therapy (three), drug abuse (one), and idiopathic (three). There were no long-term clinical sequelae in five patients. Pulmonary infarction occurred in three, and three patients required either long-term anticoagulation or IVC clipping. Clinical diagnosis is no more accurate for the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis in children than it is in adults. Venography is the best method for making an accurate diagnosis and directing subsequent therapy.(orig.)

  7. Thrombotic recurrent events after cerebral vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Bruno Andre? E. Silva

    2010-01-01

    Introdução: Após uma trombose dos seios venosos cerebrais (TSV), o risco de recorrência trombótica está aumentado. O tempo até um segundo evento trombótico e os factores de risco associados à recorrência não foram adequadamente avaliados em estudos prospectivos. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados do International Study on Cerebral Vein and Dural Sinus Thrombosis (ISCVT) que incluiu 624 doentes com TSV seguidos durante um período de tempo com mediana de 13,9 meses. ...

  8. Endovenous laser therapy for varicose vein

    OpenAIRE

    Erwin Mulia; Iwan Dakota; Hananto Andriantoro; R. W.M. Kaligis; Ismoyo Sunu

    2013-01-01

    Laser has become a useful technology in treating venous incompetence especially superficial venous disease. Introduction of endovenous thermal ablation through endovenous laser therapy helped by duplex ultrasound guidance has provided an alternative for traditional saphenous vein stripping. High success rate, minor complications, and minimally invasive technique provide the advantages over traditional treatment. In this case illustrated, the endovenous laser therapy used for great saphenous v...

  9. Developing an Interventional Radiology Varicose Vein Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Antonacci, Vittorio P.

    2005-01-01

    A varicose vein or phlebology practice can be incorporated into an outpatient interventional radiology practice with some proper planning. For an established interventional radiology clinic practice, the barriers to entry into such a phlebology practice are actually fairly low. A critical component in this process is establishing a business plan. An intact business plan can provide the proper foundation for any business venture, including a successful phlebology practice. Key steps in any bus...

  10. Outpatient consent practice for varicose vein surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Amin A; Taib MF; Aawsaj Y; Rahi A

    2012-01-01

    Azzam Al-Amin, Muhammad Faiz Taib, Yousif Aawsaj, Asad RahiEast Lancashire Healthcare Trust, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Blackburn Hospital, Blackburn, United KingdomBackground: The aims of this study were to assess the accuracy and completeness of current consent practice in an outpatient clinic for open and minimally invasive varicose vein surgery, and to ascertain the type of complications suffered by patients and their correlation with consent practice.Methods: This was a retros...

  11. NET impact on deep vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Fuchs, Tobias A; Brill, Alexander; Wagner, Denisa D.

    2012-01-01

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major health problem that requires improved prophylaxis and treatment. Inflammatory conditions such as infection, cancer and autoimmune diseases are risk factors for DVT. We and others have recently shown that extracellular DNA fibers produced in inflammation and known as neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) contribute to experimental DVT. NETs stimulate thrombus formation and coagulation and are abundant in thrombi in animal models of DVT. It appears that, in...

  12. Recurrent Deep Vein Thrombosis due to Thrombophilia

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, Afzalur; Islam, AKM Monwarul; Husnayen, SAM

    2012-01-01

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common condition that is often under-diagnosed. Acquired or hereditary defects of coagulation or a combination of these defects may facilitate the development of DVT. Recurrent DVT, a positive family history or unusual presentation may warrant investigation for hereditary thrombophilia. Investigations are best when conducted at least one month after completion of a course of anticoagulant therapy. Most patients are managed with heparin in the acute stage overla...

  13. Warfarin-induced deep vein thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Ka, Binymin; Nasher M; Patel D.

    2014-01-01

    Khalid A Binymin,1 Magda Nasher,2 Dipti Patel2 1Liverpool University, Medical School, England, UK; 2Southport and Ormskirk NHS Trust, Southport District General Hospital, Kew, UK Abstract: We are presenting a 72-year-old female who was admitted to hospital with deep vein thrombosis (DVT). She was known to have atrial fibrillation and was initiated on warfarin for stroke prophylaxis 3 days earlier. She was given warfarin therapy without low molecular weight heparin cover as per “slow-st...

  14. Comprehensive Management of Subclavian Vein Effort Thrombosis

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, Robert W.

    2012-01-01

    Subclavian vein (SCV) effort thrombosis, also known as the Paget-Schroetter syndrome, is a relatively uncommon condition that affects young, active, otherwise healthy individuals. It is considered a form of thoracic outlet syndrome, arising as a consequence of compression and repetitive injury of the SCV between the first rib and the overlying clavicle, as well as the anterior scalene muscle, subclavius muscle, and costoclavicular ligament. Effort thrombosis is distinct from other forms of de...

  15. Deep Vein Thrombosis in Subacute Stroke Rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Draško Prtina; Slavica Jandri?; Teodora Tali?; Ljiljana Stojkovi? Topi?; Snježana Novakovi? Bursa?

    2010-01-01

    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major post-stroke complication that can lead to substantial morbidity and mortality. Following ethical approval, in-patients at the Rehabilitation Institute “Dr. Miroslav Zotovi?” Banja Luka with stroke (fi rst or recurrent) were recruited within 90 days of stroke onset, irrespective of the degree of neurological impairment. Compression Doppler ultrasound (DUS) of both lower extremities was performed within 48 hours of the patient’s admission to the reha...

  16. Pulmonary Vein Isolation Without Left Atrial Mapping

    OpenAIRE

    Attila Kardos; Csaba Foldesi; Karoly Ladunga; Attila Toth; Tamas Szili-Torok

    2007-01-01

    Background: One of the crucial points during in most approaches developed for ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) is the ability to identify the pulmonary vein (PVs) and to accurately locate their ostia. Objectives: The purpose of this case series was to investigate a simplified method for fusion of the multislice computer tomography (CT) derived 3D dataset with the electroanatomical map in order to facilitate the mapping procedure. Methods: In 5 consecutive patients (4 male) referred f...

  17. Superior mesenteric vein thrombosis complicating appendicular masses.

    OpenAIRE

    Echtibi, Salma S.; Bashir, Masoud O.; Ahmed, Misbah U.; Branicki, Frank J.; Abu-zidan, Fikri M.

    2003-01-01

    ABSTRACT Mesenteric vein thrombosis (MVT) is rare. Its diagnosis is usually difficult and delayed. Herein, we report 2 patients who developed MVT as a complication of an appendicular mass. One of them had appendectomy and developed fever 10 days postoperatively. The other was treated conservatively. An abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan with intravenous contrast was helpful in diagnosing the superior MVT in both patients, which were not suspected. Intravenous contrast should be us...

  18. Nitroxidergic nerve stimulation relaxes human uterine vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toda, N; Kimura, T; Okamura, T

    1995-11-01

    The predominant action of nitroglycerin, a nitric oxide (NO) donor, on veins over arterioles is well recognized. This study was carried out to determine whether endogenous NO derived from vasodilator nerve regulates the tone of human uterine venous strips. The isolated vein partially contracted with prostaglandin F2 alpha responded to nicotine with a contraction or a relaxation; the contraction was reversed to a relaxation by prazosin, and the relaxation was potentiated by the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonist. In prazosin-treated strips, nicotine-induced relaxations were not affected by timolol, atropine and indomethacin but were abolished by oxyhemoglobin and NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NA), a NO synthase inhibitor. The D-enantiomer was without effect. The inhibition by L-NA was reversed by L-arginine. The NO-induced relaxation was not influenced by L-NA but was abolished by oxyhemoglobin. It may be concluded that the human uterine vein is innervated by vasodilator nerves from which NO is liberated as a vasodilator neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine from adrenergic nerves contracts venous smooth muscle possibly via stimulation of alpha 1-adrenoceptors. PMID:8801269

  19. Finger Vein Recognition and Authentication System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasuki M

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The protection for private information has steadily increased with the demand that the authentication has to be done in a highly secured method it is also simple and convenient. With this consideration and requirements for the emerging devices has to been done by the human physiological and biometric structures and behavior. One such biometrical identity is used in this paper is the finger vein. This is used as a biometric identity and authenticated also is experimented. The paper reveals about the high security system in our society to protect the personal information that is being theft. The main objective of this work is to implement a low cost budget system for protection purposes. This system is very simple and convenient not so complex like other biometric identification systems Finger print, palm size, hand shape, face recognition, iris identification and so on. Based on the application the component requirements can be increased or decreased which will constantly reflect on the cost of implementation of this project. Here the finger vein recognition system is implemented using MATLAB which is highly helpful in image processing applications. In this the real time finger is captured on and the image is processed using this software before the image is used. A novel finger vein algorithm is equipped in this system.

  20. Laser photocoagulation for retinal vein occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. A. Mirzabekova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Retinal vein occlusion (RVO is one of the leading causes of permanent vision loss. In adults, central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO occurs in 1.8% while branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO occurs in 0.2%. Treatment strategy and disease prognosis are determined by RVO type (ischemic/non-ischemic. Despite numerous studies and many current CRVO and BRVO treatment approaches, the management of these patients is still being debated. Intravitreal injections of steroids (triamcinolone acetate, dexamethasone and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF inhibitors (bevacizumab, ranibizumab were shown to be fairly effective. However, it is unclear whether anti-VEGF agents are reasonable in ischemic RVOs. Laser photocoagulation remains the only effective treatment of optic nerve head and/or retinal neovascularization. Laser photocoagulation is also indicated for the treatment of macular edema. Both threshold and sub-threshold photocoagulation may be performed. Photocoagulation performed with argon (514 nm, krypton (647 nm, or diode (810 nm laser for macular edema provides similar results (no significant differences. The treatment may be complex and include medication therapy and/or surgery. Medication therapy includes anti-aggregant agents and antioxidants, i.e., emoxypine which may be used in acute RVO as well as in post-thrombotic retinopathy. 

  1. Timing of retinal vein occlusion laser photocoagulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Zhang

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AIM:To observe the clinical curative effect of different duration of retinal vein occlusion(RVOby laser photocoagulation treatment, discuss the timing of the RVO laser photocoagulation treatment, provide the basis for clinical choice of RVO photocoagulation treatment time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis. Line selection retinal laser photocoagulation treatment for 103 cases(103 eyeswith RVO, patients were divided into three groups according to the onset time. In group A(46 eyes, course ?1mo, 28 eyes with branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO, 18 eyes with central retinal vein occlusion(CRVO; 30 eyes were ischemic RVO, 16 eyes were non-ischemic RVO. In group B(38 eyes, 1moRESULTS: The best corrected visual acuity improved rate, retinal hemorrhage, macular edema, absorption, macular center concave thickness decreased of patients with different course after RVO photocoagulation treatment, the early group was better than that of the late, non-ischemic RVO was better than that of ischemic RVO, laser photocoagulation treatment effect BRVO was better than that of CRVO and the difference was statistically significant(PCONCLUSION: RVO laser photocoagulation in the early intervention treatment can accelerate the retinal hemorrhage, macular edema, absorption, effectively protect the patient's existing vision, improve the long-term vision, and has a certain clinical practical significance.

  2. Development of HIFU Therapy System for Lower Extremity Varicose Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ota, Ryuhei; Suzuki, Jun; Yoshinaka, Kiyoshi; Deguchi, Juno; Takagi, Shu; Miyata, Tetsuro; Matsumoto, Yoichiro

    2009-04-01

    High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) treatment utilizing microbubbles was investigated in the present study. It is known that microbubbles have the potential to enhance the heating effects of an ultrasound field. In this study, the heat accompanying microbubble oscillation was used to occlude varicose veins. Alteration of veins was observed after ultrasound irradiation. Veins were resected by stripping. In this study, two vein conditions were adopted during HIFU irradiation; non-compressed and compressed. Compressing the vein was expected to improve occlusion by rubbing the altered intima under compressed conditions. The frequency of the ultrasound was 1.7 MHz, the intensity at the focus was 2800 W/cm2, and the irradiation time was 20 s. In this study, the contrast agent Levovist® was chosen as a microbubble source, and the void fraction (ratio of total gas volume to liquid) in the vein was fixed at 10-5. Under non-compressed conditions, changes were observed only at the adventitia of the vein anterior wall. In contrast, under compressed conditions, changes were observed from the intima to the adventitia of both the anterior and posterior walls, and they were partly stuck together. In addition, more experiments with hematoxylin-eosin staining suggested that the changes in the vein were more substantial under the latter conditions. From these results, it was confirmed that the vein was occluded more easily with vein compression.

  3. Superação de dormência em sementes de manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L.) / Overcoming dormancy in seeds of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    H.T.R., Amaro; M.O., Assis; A.M.S.S., David; J.R, Silveira; I.C., Silva Neta; W.F., Mota.

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a eficiência de tratamentos pré-germinativos na superação da dormência de sementes de manjericão, produzidas no Horto de Plantas Medicinais da Unimontes, em fevereiro de 2011. Foram realizadas as seguintes determinações para avaliação da qualidade fisiológica das s [...] ementes: teor de água, germinação, primeira contagem de germinação, emergência de plântulas e índice de velocidade de emergência. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi inteiramente casualizado com quatro repetições de 50 sementes por tratamento, sendo T1- testemunha; T2 - pré esfriamento das sementes em câmara tipo BOD sob temperatura de 10ºC por 4 dias; T3 - embebição das sementes em água destilada por 24 horas; T4 - embebição das sementes em solução contendo KNO3 a 0,2 % por 5 minutos e T5 - sementes submetidas em água destilada a temperatura de 70ºC por 5 minutos. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as médias comparadas pelo teste Scott - Knott a 5% de probabilidade. O tratamento pré esfriamento em câmara tipo BOD a 10ºC por 4 dias reduz a dormência e promove incrementos na qualidade fisiológica das sementes do manjericão. Abstract in english Aiming in order to assess the effectiveness of treatments to overcome dormancy in seeds of basil, an experiment was conducted at the Laboratory of Seed Analysis of Unimontes. Following determinations were performed to evaluate the physiological quality of seeds, water content, germination, first cou [...] nt germination, seedling emergence and emergence speed index. The experimental design was completely randomized design with four replications of 50 seeds per treatment, which consisted of: T1 - control, T2 - pre-cooling of the seed chamber BOD at a temperature of 10ºC for 4 days, T3 - soaking the seeds in water distilled for 24 hours, T4 - soaking the seeds in a solution containing 0,2% for 5 minutes and T5 - submitted seeds in distilled water at 70ºC for 5 minutes. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and the averages compared by Scott-Knott 5% probability. The pre-cooling treatment in BOD chamber at 10ºC for 4 days reduced dormancy and promotes increases in the physiological quality of seeds of basil.

  4. Semi-field cage studies on the evaluation of basil oil as an attractant for male Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is an environmentally benign approach for suppressing or eradicating insect pests and is widely used in integrated programmes against tephritid fruit fly pests, particularly the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) Ecological studies of fruit flies have long depended on the methods developed for trapping the fly in the field. The improvement of attractant lures for fruit flies has become a great tool for population suppression before starting a programme integrating the SIT and as a monitor tool during the programme. Moreover, the attractant can be used to induce artificial aggregation of sterile and wild males and mating can be observed at these sites. In 1998, laboratory tests conducted in Egypt, demonstrated that basil oil can be used as attractant for male medfly. The present study deals with the evaluation of basil oil as an attractant for fertile wild type males (EGII Strain), as well as irradiated and non-irradiated mass-reared males from a genetic sexing strain based on a temperature sensitive lethal (tsl) mutation (Vienna-7 mix). The males were tested in field cages located at the FAO/ IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory (Seibersdorf, Austria). Baited Jackson traps were used for attraction of males. The results of the first experiment showed that, for 24 hours, the basil oil attracted 67% of the non- irradiated V-7 mix males, while only 54% of the irradiated (100 Gy) of V-7 mix males were attractted (100 Gy) of V-7 mix males were attracted. A different field cage was used for each of the irradiated and non-irradiated males. The second experiment showed that, 65% of the fertile wild medfly males (EGII) were attracted, while only 32% of the irradiated V-7 mix males were attracted. Both types of males were contained in one cage. The data obtained has shown that basil oil can be used as medfly attractant instead of the very expensive trimedlure, normally used for this purpose. Open field test should be conduced to complete the evaluation of basil oil as a medfly attractant

  5. Calidad poscosecha de albahaca 'Nufar' (Ocimum basilicum L.) en condiciones de refrigeración / Basil 'Nufar' (Ocimum basilicum L.) post-harvest quality under refrigeration

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eduardo, López-Blancas; María Teresa, Martínez-Damián; María Teresa, Colinas-León; Juan, Martínez Solís; Juan Enrique, Rodríguez-Pérez.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente investigación fue evaluar el efecto de la refrigeración en la calidad poscosecha de albahaca 'Nufar'. Albahaca empacada en película plástica, se almacenó a 5, 10 y 20 °C, por 18 días. Durante este período cada dos días se evaluaron: color (L, C, °h), sólidos solubles total [...] es, acidez titulable, pérdida de peso, tasa de respiración, producción de etileno, clorofilas totales, carotenoides totales y vitamina C. Mediante una escala hedónica se evaluó: apariencia visual, turgencia, pudrición y aroma característico de albahaca. Los tratamientos de refrigeración conservaron el color hasta los 12 días de almacenamiento (DDA). En 5 y 10 °C el contenido de azúcares disminuyó a los 14 y 10 DDA, respectivamente. En 5 °C hubo menor acidez titulable y pérdida de peso y mayor tasa respiratoria, la producción de etileno fue baja hasta los 12 DDA; asimismo, preservó el mayor contenido de clorofilas y carotenoides, aunque, la vitamina C solo se conservó hasta los 4 DDA. Bajo refrigeración la apariencia visual y turgencia fue muy buena hasta los 10 y 12 DDA, respectivamente, las pudriciones fueron mayores de 10 % después de 10 DDA. El aroma característico fue perceptible hasta los 14 DDA. El almacenamiento a 5 y 10 °C, prolongó la calidad poscosecha de albahaca 'Nufar' durante 10 y 14 DDA respectivamente, mientras que a 20 °C, ésta solo se mantuvo por 4 DDA. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the refrigeration effect on postharvest quality of basil 'Nufar. Basil previously packaged in plastic film, was stored at 5, 10 and 20 °C, for 18 days. The variables color (L, C, °h), total soluble solids, titratable acidity, weight loss, respiration rate, ethyl [...] ene production, total chlorophyll, total carotenoids and vitamin C were evaluated, every two days, during the storage period. Visual appearance, turgor, rottenness and aroma of basil were evaluated using a hedonic scale. Refrigeration treatments retained the color until 12 days of storage (DOS). Sugar content decreased at 14 and 10 DOS, respectively, at 5 and 10 °C. Titratable acidity and weight loss were low and respiratory rate increased, ethylene production was low until 12 DOS at 5 °C; moreover it preserved the highest content of chlorophyll and carotenoids, although vitamin C was retained only until 4 DOS. Visual appearance and turgor were very good until 10 and 12 DOS, respectively; rottenness was greater than 10 % after 10 DOS, under refrigeration. The aroma was perceptible until 14 DOS. Storage at 5 and 10 °C, extended the postharvest quality of basil 'Nufar' during 10 and 14 DOS respectively, while at 20 °C, basil lasted only 4 DOS.

  6. Grasping the experience of the other from an interview: self-transposition in use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angel, Sanne

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a part of the interview process that is never usually reported. Listening to what people say is the key to increasing our knowledge of human existences. Procuring knowledge about human experience is much more challenging. Although good sources on how to prepare and conduct an interview exist, the process of the interviewer's perception of the interviewee's message and meaning is less examined. Beyond the role of eliciting the data, the researcher endeavours to reproduce the interviewee's narration and not the voice of the researcher. By illustrating the process during the interview, further transparency and thereby validity may be achieved. To exemplify this, the perception of the interviewer is explored, and here Heidegger's work on self-transposition has proved to be helpful. PMID:23972102

  7. Museographic transposition : The development of a museum exhibit on animal adaptations to darkness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Marianne Foss

    2010-01-01

    Science museums define the objectives of their exhibitions in terms of visitor learning outcomes, yet exhibition engineering staff lack theoretical and empirical research findings on which to base the creation of these educational environments. Here, a first step towards providing such research is reported. Museographic transposition was used as an analytical framework to investigate the development of an existing museum exhibit on animal adaptations to darkness. The analysis yielded a descriptive model of exhibition engineering as a three-stage process in which simultaneous processes of epistemological development and museum-pedagogical development result in the curatorial brief which forms the basis of the subsequent museographic development of the physical exhibit. Examples are discussed which illustrate the use of the model in identifying exhibition inconsistencies, but also in generating new ideas for exhibition engineering. The potential for further developing the model is discussed.

  8. Grasping the experience of the other from an interview: : Self-transposition in use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Angel, Sanne

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a part of the interview process that is never usually reported. Listening to what people say is the key to increasing our knowledge of human existences. Procuring knowledge about human experience is much more challenging. Although good sources on how to prepare and conduct an interview exist, the process of the interviewer’s perception of the interviewee’s message and meaning is less examined. Beyond the role of eliciting the data, the researcher endeavours to reproduce the interviewee’s narration and not the voice of the researcher. By illustrating the process during the interview, further transparency and thereby validity may be achieved. To exemplify this, the perception of the interviewer is explored, and here Heidegger’s work on self-transposition has proved to be helpful.

  9. Transposition and national level resources – Introducing the Cross Border Health Care Directive in Eastern Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vasev, Nikolay Rumenov; Vrangbæk, Karsten

    2014-01-01

    Several recent papers have summarised the status of EU implementation studies. In this paper we suggest that the issue of sector specific resources has received too little attention in previous studies. Sector specific resources include “health sector resources” and “state administrative resources”. Our theoretical contribution is thus to add an explicit and more detailed concern for "sector specific resources" in national transposition. This can refine the understanding of resources, for example in the multi-variable models that are emerging as the state of the art in the field of EU implementation studies. To illustrate these points we have chosen an empirical design focusing on a directive with a potentially high impact on system resources and several ambiguous components (the Cross Border Health Care Directive). We have further chosen to focus on two Eastern European countries (Bulgaria and Poland), where limited resources within their health care systems are an important concern.

  10. Pulmonary hypertension in patients after repair of transposition of the great arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Ellen; Alejos, Juan

    2010-01-01

    One well-documented complication of unrepaired d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is progressive pulmonary vascular disease. It is generally accepted that pulmonary vascular disease will not develop if d-TGA repair is performed early in life. Herein, we report a number of repaired d-TGA, especially in older patients with Mustard/Senning procedures, in whom pulmonary vascular disease developed years after their original repair. The etiology of this phenomenon is unknown, warranting further investigation. Our case reports highlight an overlooked, possible long-term complication following d-TGA repair. From this experience, we recommend that evidence of progressive pulmonary vascular disease may need to be regularly sought during the follow-up of patients after d-TGA repair, especially Mustard/Senning repairs, as early treatment of pulmonary hypertension may improve long-term clinical outcomes. PMID:20412489

  11. Myocardial bridging in an adult patient with d-transposition of the great arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, Ali N; Gumina, Richard J

    2011-01-01

    Myocardial bridging is characterized by intra-myocardial course of a segment of an epicardial coronary artery, leading to systolic compression. In most cases, it is considered a benign condition but rarely has been associated with serious cardiac events like myocardial infarction and sudden death. We describe a 25-year-old man with known d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) status post-Mustard procedure who presented with palpitations and chest pain. Cardiac catheterization revealed complete systolic compression of a myocardial bridging segment of the left anterior descending artery and also complete compression of the first septal perforator during episodes of ectopic atrial tachycardia. No percutaneous or surgical interventions were performed. Symptoms improved after cautious use of beta-blockers. This appears to be the first report of symptomatic myocardial bridging in an adult patient with d-TGA. PMID:21426527

  12. MRI of the pulmonary artery after arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-six children who underwent an arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries were examined with MRI and Doppler ultrasound (US). The aim was to determine the capability of MRI for detecting a possible stenosis of the pulmonary arteries. In 10 children angiocardiography (ACG) was done after the MRI examination. Using ACG as the gold standard, MRI was sensitive in the detection of pulmonary artery stenosis. MRI was more precise in the localization of a stenosis than was Doppler US. Right ventricular hypertrophy was a sensitive indicator of pulmonary artery stenosis. These results suggest that MRI could serve as a screening examination for pulmonary artery stenosis after an arterial switch operation. (orig.)

  13. [Development of environmentally benign transformations via 1,3-transposition of hydroxyl group].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egi, Masahiro

    2011-01-01

    This review article describes our recent efforts to develop environmentally benign transformations of allyl and propargyl alcohols via the 1,3-transposition of their hydroxyl groups using combined catalyst systems. This methodology allows for successful transformation under mild conditions, which has never been achieved using each catalyst. Representative examples of this methodology include the following three reactions. First, the combination of oxo-vanadium compounds and lipases resulted in the dynamic kinetic resolution of racemic allyl alcohols to give optically active allyl esters in high yields. Second, Mo-Au-Ag combination catalysis dramatically accelerated the rearrangement of diverse propargyl alcohols into ?,?-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. Finally, the choice of suitable heteropoly acids for the rearrangement of propargyl alcohols led to the selective preparation of both (Z)- and (E)-enones. PMID:21963972

  14. Roteiros de aprendizagem a partir da transposição didática reflexiva / Learning Roadmaps from the reflective didactic transposition

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paula Andrea Grawieski, Civiero; Marilaine de Fraga, Sant' Ana.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca socializar o produto da dissertação de mestrado profissional em Ensino de Matemática. Apresentamos roteiros de aprendizagem como uma possibilidade educacional para que professores de matemática do Ensino Médio possam aplicá-los de modo a desenvolver a matemática a partir de dados r [...] eais. Os roteiros foram adaptados de trabalhos oriundos do Projeto de Iniciação Científica do IFC - Campus Rio do Sul. A pesquisa foi embasada na teoria da Transposição Didática e na Educação Matemática Crítica. Essa abordagem foi denominada de Transposição Didática Reflexiva, com o intuito de unir as duas teorias num processo em que o saber a ser ensinado seja adaptado de forma a provocar reflexões, instituindo um cenário para investigação que propicie a participação do aluno no processo, provoque discussões e tomada de decisão, de modo a instigar o sujeito a ser transformador de sua própria realidade. De modo particular, o artigo apresenta, em linhas gerais, um dos roteiros detalhados na dissertação, aplicado em uma turma do IFC - Campus Rio do Sul. Abstract in english This article presents the results of Masters research in Mathematics Teaching that focused on learning roadmaps as an educational opportunity for high school mathematics teachers. The roadmaps, adapted from work carried out as part of the Scientific Initiation Project IFC - Rio do Sul Campus, can be [...] used by teachers to develop mathematics from real data. The research was based on the theory of Didactic Transposition and Critical Mathematics Education. The approach was denominated Reflective Didactic Transposition, aiming to unite the two theories in a process in which the knowledge to be taught is adapted to provoke reflections, establishing a setting for research that fosters the student's participation in the process and provokes discussions and decision making in order to encourage subjects to become engaged in transforming their own reality. In particular, the article provides an overview of the roadmaps detailed in the Masters thesis, applied in a class of IFC - Rio do Sul Campus

  15. A poorly known case of watershed transposition between the São Francisco and upper Paraná river basins

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Orlando, Moreira Filho; Paulo Andreas, Buckup.

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Durante a construção do reservatório hidroelétrico de Furnas na bacia do alto rio Paraná no início da década de 1960, o fluxo de águas do rio Piumhi foi desviado para as cabeceiras da bacia do rio São Francisco. O rio Piumhi era um tributário da margem direita do rio Grande, o qual se une com rio Pa [...] ranaíba para formar o rio Paraná. A transposição permitiu que toda a fauna de peixes do rio Piumhi e banhados, lagos e tributários associados se mesclasse com a fauna de peixes da bacia do rio São Francisco através do ribeirão Sujo, um tributário da margem direita do São Francisco. A transposição da bacia pode ter ocasionado grande impacto na atual composição da fauna de peixes da bacia do alto rio São Francisco. Abstract in english During construction of the Furnas hydroelectric power dam in the upper rio Paraná basin in the early 1960s, the rio Piumhi drainage outflow was diverted into the headwaters of the São Francisco river basin. The rio Piumhi was a right bank tributary of the rio Grande, which unites with the rio Parana [...] íba to form the rio Paraná. The transposition allowed the entire fish fauna of the rio Piumhi and associated swamps, lakes, and tributaries to intermingle with the fish fauna of the São Francisco basin via the ribeirão Sujo, a right bank tributary of the São Francisco. The transposition of the watershed may have had a major impact on the current composition of the fish fauna of the upper rio São Francisco watershed.

  16. Transposition of great arteries is associated with increased carotid artery stiffness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mersich, Beatrix; Studinger, Peter; Lenard, Zsuzsanna; Kadar, Krisztina; Kollai, Mark

    2006-06-01

    Transposition of great arteries is the consequence of abnormal aorticopulmonary septation. Animal embryonic data indicate that septation and elastogenesis are related events, but human and clinical data are not available. We tested the hypothesis that large artery elastic function was impaired in patients with transposition of great arteries. We studied 34 patients aged 9 to 19 years, 12+/-3 years after atrial switch operation; 14 patients aged 7 to 9 years, 8+/-1 years after arterial switch operation; and 108 healthy control subjects matched for age. Carotid artery diastolic diameter and pulsatile distension were determined by echo wall-tracking; carotid blood pressure was measured by tonometry. Systolic pressure was higher and diastolic pressure was lower in patients than in controls. Patients with atrial and arterial switch repair were compared with their respective controls by 2-factor ANOVA. For patients with atrial switch repair versus control, stiffness index beta was 4.9+/-1.5 versus 3.1+/-1.0 (P<0.001); for patients witch arterial switch versus control, stiffness index beta was 3.8+/-1.1 versus 2.1+/-0.6 (P<0.001). Similar differences were observed for carotid compliance, distensibility, and incremental elastic modulus as well. The interaction term was not significant for any of the elastic variables, indicating that carotid stiffening was a characteristic of the condition and not the consequence of different hemodynamics. Carotid artery is markedly stiffer in patients, suggesting that impaired elastogenesis may constitute part of the congenital abnormality. Since carotid artery stiffness has been established as an independent cardiovascular risk factor, this condition may have consequences in the clinical management of these patients. PMID:16618837

  17. Basil Bernstein y la relación lenguaje-educación: el caso del Semestre de Afanzamiento (SEA) de la Institución Universitaria de Envigado / Basil Bernstein and the language-education relation: the case of the reinforcement semester (SEA, acronym in Spanish) at Institución Universitaria de Envigado / Basil Bernstein e a relação linguagem-educaçãoo caso do semestre de afançamento (seja) da Instituição Universitária de Envigado

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    David Alberto, Londoño Vásquez; Luz Stella, Castañeda Naranjo.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Introdução. Neste artigo, descreve-se a relação entre linguagem, família e educação no caso dos estudantes do Semestre de Afançamento da Instituição Universitária de Envigado no semestre 2010-II. Objetivo. estabelecer a relação entre estrato social e cultura escrita. Materiais e métodos. Parte-se de [...] sde os conceitos de código restringido e código elaborado propostos por Basil Bernstein e se retoma a proposta da linguagem como uma semiótica social de M.A.K Halliday. Resultados. Para verificar se o estrato social influi no entendimento leitor e na habilidade para escrever se realizaram duas provas tipo teste a 34 estudantes que estavam cursando o SEA no semestre 2010-II. Depois, foram divididos em três grupos com respeito ao estrato social. Finalmente, se triangulou esta informação com os resultados ICFES na área de linguagem. Conclusões. Se estabeleceu uma relação entre estrato social e cultura escrita, deixando entrever a necessidade de fortalecer os ciclos de educação primária e secundária para reparar as dificuldades apresentadas nas socializações primárias em famílias de baixos estratos, possibilitando desta forma, que os estudantes desenvolvam códigos elaborados porque em termos gerais a uma universidade como a IUE, chegam estudantes com só o manejo do código restringido. Abstract in spanish Introducción. En este artículo, se describe la relación entre lenguaje, familia y educación en el caso de los estudiantes del Semestre de Afianzamiento de la Institución Universitaria de Envigado en el semestre 2010-II. Objetivo. Establecer la relación entre estrato social y cultura escrita. Materia [...] les y métodos. Se parte desde los conceptos de código restringido y código elaborado, propuestos por Basil Bernstein, y se retoma la propuesta del lenguaje como una semiótica social de M. A. K. Halliday. Resultados. Para verificar si el estrato social influye en la comprensión lectora y en la habilidad para escribir, se realizaron dos pruebas tipo test a 34 estudiantes que estaban cursando el SEA en el semestre 2010-II. Luego, fueron divididos en tres grupos con respecto al estrato social. Finalmente, se trianguló esta información con los resultados ICFES en el área de lenguaje. Conclusiones. Se estableció una relación entre estrato social y cultura escrita, dejando entrever la necesidad de fortalecer los ciclos de educación primaria y secundaria para subsanar las dificultades presentadas en las socializaciones primarias en familias de bajos estratos, posibilitando de esta forma, que los estudiantes desarrollen códigos elaborados porque, en términos generales, a una universidad como la IUE, llegan estudiantes con sólo el manejo del código restringido. Abstract in english Introduction. This article describes the relationship between language, family and education in the case of the reinforcement semester from Universitaria de Envigado during the second semester of 2010. Objective. To establish the relationship between social stratum and written culture. Materials and [...] methods. Departing from the restricted code and elaborated code concepts, proposed by Basil Bernstein, M.A.K Halliday's proposal of language as a social semiotic is re taken. Results. In order to verify if social stratum influences reading comprehension and writing skills, two 34 type tests were practiced to students that were coursing SEA in the second semester of 2010. Then, the students were divided into three groups, classified by social stratum. Finally, the information was triangulated with the ICFES tests results in the language area. Conclusions. A relationship was established between social stratum and written culture, suggesting a necessity to strengthen the primary and secondary educational cycles in order to solve the difficulties that take place among lower stratus families and thus allowing students to develop elaborated codes, because, in general terms, Institución Universitaria de Envigado is being attended only by students who can only manage the restricted code.

  18. Subclavian Vein Thrombosis Extending into the Internal Jugular Vein: Paget-von Schroetter Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Ilhan, Enver; Ture, Mehmet; Yilmaz, Cengiz; Arslan, Muhammed

    2009-01-01

    Paget-von Schroetter syndrome refers to spontaneous thrombosis of the subclavian vein and constitutes 0.5-1% of all venous thromboses. It is prevalent among young and healthy adult males who engage in sports. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential to avoid long-term sequelae. Herein, we report a 42-year-old male weightlifter who presented with swelling of the left arm, pain and a feeling of tightness in the anterior chest wall. At Doppler US and MR angiography, subclavian vein thrombosis ...

  19. Mesenteric vein thrombosis after percitaneous transhepatic portal vein catheterisation for the localisation of an insulinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors report on a fatal mesenteric vein thrombosis following an uncomplicated percutaneous transhepatic portal vein catheterisation for the localisation of an insulinoma. Several hours after the procedure the patient developed an acute abdomen. An emergency laparotomy revealed a haemorrhagic infarct of the ileum. The resected specimen showed an acute phlebitis with fresh thrombus. The cause of the phlebothrombosis was thought to be intimal damage from high osmolar contrast medium. There was no evidence of damage due to the catheder, either on the phlebogram or pathologically. (orig.)

  20. Follow-up of our patients with transposition of the great arteries and arterial switch operation; comparison of simple and complex transposition cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ça?r? Günayd?n

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: 1. Follow-up data of patients with simple transposition of great arteries (TGA and TGA with ventricular septal defect (VSD, who had arterial switch operation (ASO are compared. 2. Factors affecting mortality and morbidity after ASO are described.Methods: Seventy-six patients, who had an ASO between April 2007 and August 2010 were studied retrospectively. The patients with intact ventricular septum (IVS (n=36 were in Group1, and those with VSD (n=40 in Group 2. The pre and postoperative clinical and echocardiographic variables and intensive care unit (ICU outcomes were compared among groups using Mann-Whitney U, Pearson correlation and logistic regression tests.Results: The mean age at operation was 44.1 days, weight was 3.6±0.98 kg. Patients were followed for 15.5±11.21 months. The aortic cross-clamp (AoCC and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB times were higher in patients with VSD (p=0.001, p=0.004. Patients in Group 1 had longer inotropic agent infusion (p=0.001. Length of stay in ICU was similar in two groups (p>0.05. There was no correlation between the length of stay in ICU and age, weight, CPB time, AoCC time. Aortic regurgitation was more frequent in Group 2 (p=0.02. During follow-up, 12 patients died (15.7%, and 8 patients had a revision operation (10.5% (diaphragmatic plication in 4, pulmonary artery reconstruction in 1, recoarctation operation in 3 patients. Mortality was similar in groups (p>0.05.Conclusion: Arterial switch operation provides anatomical correction in TGA. Appropriate timing and good perioperative planning facilitates low morbidity and mortality in patients with VSD as in patients with simple TGA.

  1. The compression syndrome of the left renal vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Severe compression of the left renal vein produces a pressure gradient between it and the inferior vena cava and results in changes in haemodynamics. The cause of the narrowing is usually the aorta, less commonly the superior mesenteric artery. Compression of the left renal vein may be responsible for a number of abnormalities such as primary varicoceles, primary varices of the ovarian, renal, pelvic and ureteric veins on the left, the more frequent occurrence of unilateral renal vein thrombosis on the left and the development of renovascular hypertension. One hundred and twenty-three selective phlebograms of the left renal vein and CT examinations of this structure in a further 87 patients acting as a control group were carried out. The significance of compression of the left renal vein as an aetiological factor in the development of the above mentioned abnormalities is discussed. (orig.)

  2. Intoxicación exógena por infusión oral de albahaca morada: Reporte de un caso / Purple basil tea poisoning: Case reports

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Roberto, García de Varona; Nidia, Estremara Morales.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de un paciente de cuatro años de edad y peso corporal de 38 libras, con antecedentes personales de infección respiratoria alta de dos días de evolución, y administración de infusión de albahaca morada 12 h antes del desenlace de la enfermedad. Se ingresó de inmediato con diagnóst [...] ico de intoxicación exógena por la ingestión de albahaca morada, requirió de una estadía en el hospital de diez días, los primeros cinco fueron en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Provincial Pediátrico Eduardo Agramonte Piña. La administración a niños de cocimientos o infusiones de medicina verde, necesita de más estudio para la comprensión de sus reacciones e interacciones en este tipo de pacientes a corto o largo plazo. Abstract in english This paper reports on a case of herb poisoning as caused by purple basil tea an administered 12 hours before onset to a four years, 38-pound patient with a past history of two days evolution acute respiratory infection. The patient was admitted immediately to the hospital, where he stayed for 10 day [...] s, five out of which he spent ay intensive care unit. We recommend that administration of herbal decoction and infusions be subject to further study to assess short and long-term side effects.

  3. Ocimum sanctum L (Holy Basil or Tulsi) and its phytochemicals in the prevention and treatment of cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baliga, Manjeshwar Shrinath; Jimmy, Rosmy; Thilakchand, Karadka Ramdas; Sunitha, Venkatesh; Bhat, Neeta Raghavendra; Saldanha, Elroy; Rao, Suresh; Rao, Pratima; Arora, Rajesh; Palatty, Princy L

    2013-01-01

    Ocimum sanctum L. or Ocimum tenuiflorum L, commonly known as the Holy Basil in English or Tulsi in the various Indian languages, is a important medicinal plant in the various traditional and folk systems of medicine in Southeast Asia. Scientific studies have shown it to possess antiinflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, hypolipidemic, antistress, and immunomodulatory activities. Preclinical studies have also shown that Tulsi and some of its phytochemicals eugenol, rosmarinic acid, apigenin, myretenal, luteolin, ?-sitosterol, and carnosic acid prevented chemical-induced skin, liver, oral, and lung cancers and to mediate these effects by increasing the antioxidant activity, altering the gene expressions, inducing apoptosis, and inhibiting angiogenesis and metastasis. The aqueous extract of Tulsi and its flavanoids, orintin, and vicenin are shown to protect mice against ?-radiation-induced sickness and mortality and to selectively protect the normal tissues against the tumoricidal effects of radiation. The other important phytochemicals like eugenol, rosmarinic acid, apigenin, and carnosic acid are also shown to prevent radiation-induced DNA damage. This review summarizes the results related to the chemopreventive and radioprotective properties of Tulsi and also emphasizes aspects that warrant future research to establish its activity and utility in cancer prevention and treatment. PMID:23682780

  4. Impaired myocardial blood flow and coronary flow reserve of the anatomical right systemic ventricle in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Hauser, M.; Bengel, F M; Hager, A; Kuehn, A; S. G. Nekolla; Kaemmerer, H; Schwaiger, M; Hess, J

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate myocardial blood flow of the morphological right systemic ventricle in unoperated patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (CCTGA) by positron emission tomography (PET).

  5. Transoesophageal atrial pacing combined with transthoracic two dimensional echocardiography: experience in patients operated on with arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Caro, E.; Ussia, G. P.; Marasini, M.; Pongiglione, G.

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To assess the feasibility, safety, and diagnostic accuracy of transoesophageal atrial pacing stress echocardiography (TAPSE) combined with two dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for evaluation of coronary perfusion in patients undergoing arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries.

  6. Pulsed Doppler duplex sonography and CT of portal vein thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five patients with partial or complete portal vein thrombosis were examined by both computed tomography (CT) and pulsed Doppler duplex scanning. Duplex scanning correctly identified portal vein thrombosis in all five. Duplex sonography may be the preferred technique to detect and follow portal vein thrombosis because of lower cost, lack of need for intravenous contrast material, and easier availability for multiple follow-up examinations

  7. Effort thrombosis of the subclavian-axillary vein.

    OpenAIRE

    Heis, Hussein A.; Bani-hani, Kamal E.

    2002-01-01

    OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to outline the clinical patterns, diagnosis and the outcome of patients with 'effort' subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis. METHODS The medical records of 7 patients diagnosed with 'effort' subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis between 1992 and 2000 at the Princess Basma Teaching Hospital, Irbid, Jordan were reviewed. Patients with secondary subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis (catheter related or secondary to thoracic outlet compr...

  8. Circumaortic Left Renal Vein-A Rare Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Panagar, Anupama Doddappaiah; Subhash, R. Lakshmi Prabha; Suresh, B. S.; Nagaraj, D. N.

    2014-01-01

    During routine dissection which was carried out for the medical students, a circumaortic left renal vein draining into inferior vena cava was observed. There were 2 renal veins through which the left kidney drained into the inferior vena cava, of which the larger one ran ventral to aorta and the other smaller one ran posterior to aorta and received lumbar veins before opening into inferior vena cava. This is a relatively rare condition which can result in left renal hypertension (LRVH) syndro...

  9. Percutaneous intrahepatic portosystemic shunt created via a femoral vein approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaBerge, J M; Ring, E J; Gordon, R L

    1991-12-01

    Creation of a percutaneous intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was attempted in a patient with portal hypertension and acute variceal hemorrhage. Abnormal hepatic venous anatomy precluded formation of the shunt with the standard transjugular method. An alternate technique was devised in which a femoral vein approach was used to construct an intrahepatic channel between the inferior right hepatic vein and the right portal vein. The patient stopped bleeding after the procedure and has not rebled during an 8-month follow-up period. PMID:1947081

  10. A unique virus complex causes Ageratum yellow vein disease

    OpenAIRE

    Saunders, Keith; Bedford, Ian D.; Briddon, Rob W.; Markham, Peter G.; Wong, Sek Man; Stanley, John

    2000-01-01

    Ageratum conyzoides L., a weed species widely distributed throughout southeast Asia, frequently exhibits striking yellow vein symptoms associated with infection by Ageratum yellow vein virus (AYVV), a member of the Geminiviridae (genus Begomovirus). Most begomoviruses have bipartite genomes (DNAs A and B), but only a DNA A has been identified for AYVV. We demonstrate that yellow vein disease of A. conyzoides results from co-infection by AYVV DNA A (2,741 nt) and a circular DNA that is approxi...

  11. Robust Finger Vein ROI Localization Based on Flexible Segmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Dong Sun Park; Jucheng Yang; Sook Yoon; Yu Lu; Shan Juan Xie

    2013-01-01

    Finger veins have been proved to be an effective biometric for personal identification in the recent years. However, finger vein images are easily affected by influences such as image translation, orientation, scale, scattering, finger structure, complicated background, uneven illumination, and collection posture. All these factors may contribute to inaccurate region of interest (ROI) definition, and so degrade the performance of finger vein identification system. To improve this problem, in ...

  12. Agenesis of Internal Jugular Vein a Cause for Concern

    OpenAIRE

    Majeed, Tanveer Abdul; Deshpande, Ramakant K.; Upadhaya, Sanjay; Deshmukh, Shilpa A.

    2010-01-01

    Internal jugular vein is one of the major contributors to the venous drainage from the intracranial structures. Neck dissections which necessitates ligation of internal jugular vein leads to significant alteration of cerebrospinal fluid pressures in the range of three times for unilateral ligation to five times in cases of bilateral ligation. Agenesis of internal jugular vein merits concern prior to central venous cannulation and ligation during radical neck dissection for metastatic nodes in...

  13. Dorsal Hand Vein Biometry by Independent Component Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav, V. H.; Rajankar, Prof S. O.

    2012-01-01

    Biometric authentication provides a high security and reliable approach to be used in security access system. Personal identification based on hand vein patterns is a newly developed recent year. The pattern of blood veins in the hand is unique to every individual, even among identical twins, and it do notchange over time. These properties of uniqueness, stability and strong immunity to forgery of the vein patterns make it a potentially good biometric trait which offers greater security and r...

  14. Retrograde phlebography of the internal spermatic vein in varicocele

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of retrograde phlebography of the internal spermatic vein in 110 cases of varicocele are reported. The anatomy of the vein, including the sites of its orifices and its possible communications with other veins of the area are described. Observations with the catheter method as well as some hitherto unpublished findings are presented. The significance of selective and superselective venography for the choice of the appropriate surgical procedure is emphasized. (author)

  15. Retrograde phlebography of the internal spermatic vein in varicocele

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vajda, J.; Boehm, K.; Horvath, L.; Molnar, Z. (Pecsi Orvostudomanyi Egyetem (Hungary))

    1981-01-01

    The results of retrograde phlebography of the internal spermatic vein in 110 cases of varicocele are reported. The anatomy of the vein, including the sites of its orifices and its possible communications with other veins of the area are described. Observations with the catheter method as well as some hitherto unpublished findings are presented. The significance of selective and superselective venography for the choice of the appropriate surgical procedure is emphasized.

  16. Multiple abdominal veins thrombosis secondary to protein s deficiency - a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodali, Venkata Umakant; Borra, Seshulakshmi; Mandarapu, Surendra Babu; Sanda, Mallikarjuna Rao; Bolla, Srinivasa Rao

    2014-06-01

    Abdominal venous thrombosis may present either as Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) caused by hepatic vein or proximal inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction or as an extra hepatic portal obstruction (EHPVO) caused by Portal vein thrombosis or mesenteric vein thrombosis, but a mixed involvement is uncommon. Multiple abdominal venous obstructions presenting with thrombosis of hepatic vein, IVC, portal vein and renal vein are very rarely seen . We are reporting a rare case with thrombosis of IVC, hepatic vein, portal vein and renal vein, with protein S and protein C deficiencies, which was managed by giving anticoagulant therapy. PMID:25121018

  17. Multiple Abdominal Veins Thrombosis Secondary to Protein S Deficiency - A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodali, Venkata Umakant; Borra, Seshulakshmi; Mandarapu, Surendra Babu; Sanda, Mallikarjuna Rao

    2014-01-01

    Abdominal venous thrombosis may present either as Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) caused by hepatic vein or proximal inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction or as an extra hepatic portal obstruction (EHPVO) caused by Portal vein thrombosis or mesenteric vein thrombosis, but a mixed involvement is uncommon. Multiple abdominal venous obstructions presenting with thrombosis of hepatic vein, IVC, portal vein and renal vein are very rarely seen . We are reporting a rare case with thrombosis of IVC, hepatic vein, portal vein and renal vein, with protein S and protein C deficiencies, which was managed by giving anticoagulant therapy. PMID:25121018

  18. Mineral vein dynamics modeling (FRACS). Phase 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urai, J.; Virgo, S.; Arndt, M. [RWTH Aachen (Germany). Geologie-Endogene Dynamik] [and others

    2013-07-15

    The Mineral Vein Dynamics Modeling group ''FRACS'' is a team of 7 research groups from the Universities of Mainz, Aachen, Tuebingen, Karlsruhe, Bayreuth, ETH Zuerich and Glasgow working on an understanding of the dynamic development of fracturing, fluid flow and fracture sealing. World-class field laboratories, especially carbonate sequences from the Oman Mountains are studied and classified. State of the art numerical programs are written, expanded and used to simulate the dynamic interaction of fracturing, flow and resealing and the results are compared with the natural examples. Newest analytical technologies including laser scanning, high resolution X-ray microtomography, fluid inclusion and isotope analysis are performed to understand and compare the results of simulations with natural examples. A new statistical program was developed to classify the natural fracture and vein systems and compare them with dynamic numerical simulations and analytical models. The results of the first project phase are extremely promising. Most of the numerical models have been developed up to the stage where they can be used to simulate the natural examples. The models allow a definition of the first proxies for high fluid pressure and tectonic stresses. It was found out that the Oman Mountains are a complex and very dynamic system that constantly fractures and reseals from the scale of small veins up to the scale of large normal and strike slip faults. The numerical simulations also indicate that the permeability of such systems is not a constant but that the system adjusts to the driving force, for ex-ample high fluid pressure. When the system reseals fast a fluctuating behavior can be observed in the models where the system constantly fractures and reseals, which is in accordance with the observation of the natural laboratory.

  19. Persistent varicocele following high ligation of the internal spermatic vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of phlebography and vaso-occlusion using ethibloc in diagnosis and treatment of the persistent varicocele following ligation ('Bernardis' technique') is demonstrated. We performed 280 surgical ligations of the internal spermatic vein. In 30 patients persistence of the varicocele was found. In 9 patients following phlebography embolisation of a long segment including smaller collaterals was performed using ethibloc. The other 21 patients were treated surgically because of unusual draining of the collaterals into renal capsular veins, into the hemiazygos vein and into renal segmental veins. In all cases following embolisation complete resolution of the varicocele was observed within 3 months. (orig.)

  20. Conversion of pBR322-based plasmids into broad-host-range vectors by using the Tn3 transposition mechanism.

    OpenAIRE

    Kok, M.; Rekik, M.; Witholt, B; Harayama, S

    1994-01-01

    We constructed a series of transposon vectors which allow efficient in vitro gene manipulation and subsequent introduction of cloned DNA into a variety of gram-negative bacteria. Transfer of the cloned fragment from these multicopy plasmids into self-transmissible broad-host-range vectors is achieved in vivo, using the Tn3 transposition mechanism. Transposition into a variety of broad-host-range plasmids proceeds efficiently, and the resulting recombinant plasmids can be readily transferred a...

  1. Interferon-induced central retinal vein thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A middle-aged lady presented with sudden onset of unilateral central retinal vein thrombosis after completing 6 months course of interferon and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C infection. She had no risk factors and all her thrombophilia workup was normal, however, she was found to be dyslipidemic which may have contributed to atherosclerosis and predispose to thrombosis. Despite anticoagulation, her visual acuity deteriorated. This case illustrates the possibility of unpredictable visual complication of interferon. Frequent eye examination should be undertaken in patients having underlying risk factors like diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia undergoing interferon therapy. (author)

  2. Unilateral pulmonary vein atresia: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, So Hwa; Kim, Ki Jun [Dept. of Radiology, Incheon St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-15

    Unilateral pulmonary vein atresia is a rare congenital anomaly. Its symptoms begin to manifest in childhood and a broad spectrum of clinical severity has been described, ranging from asymptomatic, recurrent pulmonary infection, severe hemoptysis, to death. Only a few adult cases with this condition, with no or mild symptoms, have been reported. Pulmonary angiography has been typically used for definite diagnosis. However, pulmonary angiography may be replaced with the current developing multidetector CT. This report presents an adult case with mild symptoms, diagnosed by multidetector CT.

  3. Image Quality Enhancement Using the Direction and Thickness of Vein Lines for Finger-Vein Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Ho Park

    2012-10-01

    Experimental results from application of our proposed image enhancement method show that the equal error rate (EER of finger?vein recognition decreases to approximately 0.4% in the case of a local binary pattern? based recognition and to approximately 0.3% in the case of a wavelet transform?based recognition.

  4. Can deep vein thrombosis be predicted after varicose vein operation in women in rural areas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Warot

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction[/b]. Chronic venous disease is a group of symptoms caused by functional and structural defects of the venous vessels. One of the most common aspects of this disease is the occurrence of varicose veins. There are many ways of prevention and treatment of varicose veins, but in Poland the leading one is still surgery. As in every medical procedure there is the possibility of some complications. One of them is deep vein thrombosis (DVT. The diagnosis of DVT can be difficult, especially when access to a specialist is limited, such as in case of rural patients. [b]The aim of the study.[/b] The aim of the study was estimation of the influence of LMWH primary prophylaxis on the formation of postoperative DVT, as well as sensitivity and specificity of clinical examination and D-dimer value in diagnosis of postoperative DVT in women. [b]Materials and methods[/b]. The study was conducted in a group of 93 women operated on in the Department of General, Vascular Surgery and Angiology at the Karol Marcinkowski University of Medical Sciences in Pozna?, Poland. The patients had undergone a varicose vein operation and were randomly divided into two groups: A – 48 women receiving LMWH during two days of the perioperative period, B – 45 women receiving LMWH during seven days of the perioperative period. [b]Results[/b]. There was no significant difference in the postoperative DVT complications in both groups. The value of D-dimer > 0.987 mcg/ml and swelling > 1.5 cm of shin (in comparison to the preoperative period plays a significant role in diagnosis of DVT. [b]Conclusions[/b]. The extended primary prophylaxis with LMWH does not affect the amount or quality of thrombotic complications after varicose vein operation. If the DVT occurs, the evaluation of the D – dimer and careful clinical examination can be a useful method for its diagnosis.

  5. Biomolecular mechanisms in varicose veins development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segiet, Oliwia Anna; Brzozowa-Zasada, Marlena; Piecuch, Adam; Dudek, Damian; Reichman-Warmusz, Edyta; Wojnicz, Romuald

    2015-02-01

    Varicose veins (VVs) can be described as tortuous and dilated palpable veins, which are more than 3 mm in diameter. They are one of the clinical presentations of chronic venous disorders, which are a significant cause of morbidity. The prevalence of VVs has been estimated at 25-33% in women and 10-20% in men and is still increasing at an alarming rate. Family history, older age, female, pregnancy, obesity, standing occupations, and a history of deep venous thrombosis are the predominant risk factors. A great amount of factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of VVs, including changes in hydrostatic pressure, valvular incompetence, deep venous obstruction, ineffective function of calf muscle pump, biochemical and structural alterations of the vessel wall, extracellular matrix abnormalities, impaired balance between growth factors or cytokines, genetic alterations, and several other mechanisms. Nevertheless, the issue of pathogenesis in VVs is still not completely known, even if a great progress has been made in understanding their molecular basis. This kind of studies appears promising and should be encouraged, and perhaps the new insight in this matter may result in targeted therapy or possibly prevention. PMID:25449990

  6. Suitability of Varicose Veins for Endovenous Treatments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the study was to assess the suitability of radiofrequency ablation (RFA), endovenous laser ablation (EVLA), and foam sclerotherapy (FS) for patients with symptomatic varicose veins (VVs). The study comprised 403 consecutive patients with symptomatic VVs. Data on 577 legs from 403 consecutive patients with symptomatic VVs were collected for the year 2006. Median patient age was 55 years (interquartile range 45-66), and 62% patients were women. A set of criteria based on duplex ultrasonography was used to select patients for each procedure. Great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux was present in 77% (446 of 577) of legs. Overall, 328 (73%) of the legs were suitable for at least one of the endovenous options. Of the 114 legs with recurrent GSV reflux disease, 83 (73%) were suitable to receive endovenous therapy. Patients with increasing age were less likely to be suitable for endovenous therapy (P = 0.03). Seventy-three percent of patients with VVs caused by GSV incompetence are suitable for endovenous therapy.

  7. Application of magnetic resonance angiography in cerebral vein system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore imaging technique of magnetic resonance in cerebral vein system and to evaluate the value of magnetic resonance veinography in displaying cerebral vein and diagnosing disease. Methods: The thrity-five persons experienced examinations of 2-dimension time of flight(2D TOF), 2-dimension phase contrast(2D PC) and then 3-dimension contrast-enhancement veinography(3D-CE MRV). The raw data treated with maxi intensitive projection. The images of veinography and disease changes were analysed as so to evaluate the dependability of the three methods in playing venous structions and disease changes. Results: All the diagnoses were proved by DSA or followed up. In 25 normal persons, 2D TOF and 2D PC of 10 persons showed abnormal in different type. But the 3D-CE MRV were normal.In 10 patients suffered from vein thrombosis,that all 2D-TOF MRV, 2D-PC MRV and 3D-CE MRV showed vein abnormality followed as: up radius sinus were no appeared in 2 cases, fined in 2 cases, local cannal of up radius sinus were narrowed in 1 cases. Right traversable sinus no appeared in 2 cases, fined in 2 cases, right sigmoid sinus no appeared in 1 cases. Additionally, in one patients, the left traversal sinus showed high signal as same as normal vein sinus in 2D TOF but of contrast medium was seen in 3D-CE-MRV. 3D-CE-MRV was dependable in describing structions of vein and displaying disease changes than 2D-TOF MRV and 2D-PC MRV. Conclusion: The techniques of vein imaging of 2D-TOF MRV techniques of vein imaging of 2D-TOF MRV and 2D-PC MRV combining with 3D-CE-MRV formed imaging method of cerebral vein system and it was dependable method for showing cerebral vein struction and diagnosing throb vein sinus thrombosis. (authors)

  8. Transposition of a reconstructed Harbinger element in human cells and functional homology with two transposon-derived cellular genes

    OpenAIRE

    Sinzelle, Ludivine; Kapitonov, Vladimir V; Grzela, Dawid P.; Jursch, Tobias; Jurka, Jerzy; Izsvák, Zsuzsanna; Ivics, Zoltán

    2008-01-01

    Ancient, inactive copies of transposable elements of the PIF/Harbinger superfamily have been described in vertebrates. We reconstructed components of the Harbinger3_DR transposon in zebrafish, including a transposase and a second, transposon-encoded protein that has a Myb-like trihelix domain. The reconstructed Harbinger transposon shows efficient cut-and-paste transposition in human cells and preferentially inserts into a 15-bp consensus target sequence. The Myb-like protein is required for ...

  9. Change of Gene Structure and Function by Non-Homologous End-Joining, Homologous Recombination, and Transposition of DNA

    OpenAIRE

    Goettel, Wolfgang; Messing, Joachim

    2009-01-01

    An important objective in genome research is to relate genome structure to gene function. Sequence comparisons among orthologous and paralogous genes and their allelic variants can reveal sequences of functional significance. Here, we describe a 379-kb region on chromosome 1 of maize that enables us to reconstruct chromosome breakage, transposition, non-homologous end-joining, and homologous recombination events. Such a high-density composition of various mechanisms in a small chromosomal int...

  10. Coronary arterial origins in transposition of the great arteries: factors that affect outcome. A morphological and clinical study

    OpenAIRE

    Li, J; TULLOH, R; A. Cook; Schneider, M; HO, S; Anderson, R.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—Transfer of the coronary arteries is crucial during the arterial switch operation for transposition, but little attention has been paid to the position of their orifices relative to the valvar sinuses. The objective of this study was to determine the factors which are important for effective transfer and to determine potential surgical significance.?DESIGN—Morphological and clinical study.?SETTING—Two national centres for neonatal cardiac surgery.?PATIENTS—277 patients...

  11. Inferior Alveolar Nerve Lateralization and Transposition for Dental Implant Placement. Part II: a Systematic Review of Neurosensory Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Abayev

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This article, the second in a two-part series, continues the discussion of inferior alveolar nerve lateralization/transposition for dental implant placement. The aim of this article is to review the scientific literature and clinical reports in order to analyse the neurosensory complications, risks and disadvantages of lateralization/transposition of the inferior alveolar nerve followed by implant placement in an edentulous atrophic posterior mandible. Material and Methods: A comprehensive review of the current literature was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines by accessing the NCBI PubMed and PMC databases, as well as academic sites and books. The articles were searched from January 1997 to July 2014. Articles in English language, which included adult patients between 18 - 80 years of age who had minimal residual bone above the mandibular canal and had undergone inferior alveolar nerve (IAN repositioning, with minimum 6 months of follow-up, were included. Results: A total of 21 studies were included in this review. Ten were related to IAN transposition, 7 to IAN lateralization and 4 to both transposition and lateralization. The IAN neurosensory disturbance function was present in most patients (99.47% [376/378] for 1 to 6 months. In total, 0.53% (2/378 of procedures the disturbances were permanent. Conclusions: Inferior alveolar nerve repositioning is related to initial transient change in sensation in the majority of cases. The most popular causes of nerve damage are spatula-caused traction in the mucoperiosteal flap, pressure due to severe inflammation or retention of fluid around the nerve and subsequent development of transient ischemia, and mandibular body fracture.

  12. Umbilical Transposition in Functional Panniculectomy of the Massive Weight Loss Patient: Is It Aesthetic or Medically Necessary?

    OpenAIRE

    Gurunluoglu, Raffi; Williams, Susan A.; Gurunluoglu, Aslin; JOHNSON, JEFFREY L.

    2012-01-01

    Background: We review the procedures used in panniculectomy and explore the necessity of umbilical transposition when adequately treating the medical and functional problems associated with panniculus in the massive weight loss patient. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with symptomatic panniculus after massive weight loss undergoing panniculectomy during the time period from November 2008 to October 2010 at Denver Health Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed. Inclusion criteri...

  13. Isolation of the right subclavian artery in a patient with d-transposition of the great arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunamata, Alisa; Perry, Stanton B; Kipps, Alaina K; Vasanawala, Shreyas S; Axelrod, David M

    2015-01-01

    Isolation of the right subclavian artery (RSCA) is rare, and this finding in association with d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is extremely unusual. We present a case of an isolated RSCA in a newborn with d-TGA in whom the clinical presentation was diagnostic. We discuss the imaging modalities used to confirm the diagnosis, the embryological basis of the finding, and the surgical repair. PMID:26085773

  14. A simple in vitro Tn7-based transposition system with low target site selectivity for genome and gene analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Biery, Matthew C.; Stewart, Fiona J.; Stellwagen, Anne E.; Raleigh, Elisabeth A.; Craig, Nancy L.

    2000-01-01

    A robust Tn7-based in vitro transposition system is described that displays little target site selectivity, allowing the efficient recovery of many different transposon insertions in target DNAs ranging from small plasmids to cosmids to whole genomes. Two miniTn7 derivatives are described that are useful for the analysis of genes: one a derivative for making translational and transcriptional target gene fusions and the other a derivative that can generate 15 bp (5 amino acid) insertions in t...

  15. Relationship of white matter network topology and cognitive outcome in adolescents with d-transposition of the great arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Panigrahy, Ashok; Schmithorst, Vincent J; Wisnowski, Jessica L.; Watson, Christopher G.; BELLINGER, DAVID C.; Newburger, Jane W; Rivkin, Michael J

    2015-01-01

    Patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for neurocognitive impairments. Little is known about the impact of CHD on the organization of large-scale brain networks. We applied graph analysis techniques to diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data obtained from 49 adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) repaired with the arterial switch operation in early infancy and 29 healthy referent adolescents. We examined whether differences in neurocognitive function...

  16. Serial exercise testing in children, adolescents and young adults with Senning repair for transposition of the great arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Buys Roselien; Budts Werner; Reybrouck Tony; Gewillig Marc; Vanhees Luc

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Patients with Senning repair for complete transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) show an impaired exercise tolerance. Our aim was to investigate changes in exercise capacity in children, adolescents and adults with Senning operation. Methods Peak oxygen uptake (peak VO2), oxygen pulse and heart rate were assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) and compared to normal values. Rates of change were calculated by linear regression analysis. Right ventricular (RV)...

  17. Assessment of operability in d-transposition of great arteries with ventricular septal defect: A practical method

    OpenAIRE

    Bajpai Pankaj; Shah Sejal; Misri Amit; Rao Shekhar; Suresh P; Maheshwari Sunita

    2011-01-01

    Introduction : Pulmonary vascular disease is a risk factor in the surgical management of patients with d-transposition of great arteries (d-TGA) and a ventricular septal defect (VSD). In older infants or children with this physiology, the question of operability often arises. Cardiac catheterization in this condition can be fallacious. It is well known that oxygen reduces pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance especially where irreversible pulmonary vascular obstructiv...

  18. Isolation of the right subclavian artery in a patient with d-transposition of the great arteries

    OpenAIRE

    Arunamata, Alisa; Perry, Stanton B; Kipps, Alaina K; Vasanawala, Shreyas S.; Axelrod, David M

    2015-01-01

    Isolation of the right subclavian artery (RSCA) is rare, and this finding in association with d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) is extremely unusual. We present a case of an isolated RSCA in a newborn with d-TGA in whom the clinical presentation was diagnostic. We discuss the imaging modalities used to confirm the diagnosis, the embryological basis of the finding, and the surgical repair.

  19. Acupuncture Points of the Horse’s Distal Thoracic Limb: A Neuroanatomic Approach to the Transposition of Traditional Points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa S. Lancaster

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Veterinary acupuncture charts were developed based on the concept of transpositional points whereby human acupuncture maps were adapted to animal anatomy. Transpositional acupuncture points have traditionally been placed in specific locations around the horse’s coronet and distal limb believed to be the closest approximation to the human distal limb points. Because the horse has a single digit and lacks several structures analogous to the human hand and foot, precisely transposing all of the human digital points is not anatomically possible. To date there is no published research on the effect of acupuncture treatment of the equine distal limb points. This paper presents a modified approach to equine distal limb point selection based on what is known from research on other species about the neuroanatomic method of acupuncture. A rationale is presented for modification of traditional equine ting points as well as additional points around the hoof and distal limb that do not appear in the standard textbooks of equine acupuncture. The anatomy and physiology of the equine foot likely to be affected by acupuncture are briefly reviewed. Modified neuroanatomic points are proposed that may be more accurate as transpositional points. As an example of clinical application, a neuroanatomic approach to acupuncture treatment of equine laminitis is presented.

  20. DNA sequence analysis of five genes; tnsA, B, C, D and E, required for Tn7 transposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flores, C; Qadri, M I; Lichtenstein, C

    1990-02-25

    A region of DNA sequence of the bacterial transposon Tn7, which is required for transposition, has been determined. This DNA sequence completes an 8351 base pair (bp) region containing five long open reading frames (ORF's) that correspond to the genetically defined genes, tnsA, B, C, D and E, required for Tn7 transposition. All of the ORF's are oriented in the same direction, ie. inward from the element's right end. The genes are in a very compact arrangement with the presumed initiation codons never more than two bases beyond the preceding termination codon. Domains with similarity to the helix-turn-helix genre of Cro-like, sequence specific DNA binding sites occur within the deduced amino acid (a.a.) sequence of the TnsA, TnsB, TnsD and TnsE proteins. Translation of the tnsC ORF reveals strong homology to a consensus sequence for nucleotide binding sites as well as a region of similarity to a transcriptional activator (MalT). No striking a.a. sequence similarity to other DNA recombinases is observed. The possible roles of these proteins in Tn7 transposition is discussed in light of the analysis presented. PMID:2156235

  1. Fisiología poscosecha de albahaca (Occimum basilicum L.) con y sin acolchado / Postharvest physiology of basil (Occimum basilicum L.) with and without mulching

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Verónica, Núñez-López; Ma. Teresa, Martínez-Damián; Ma. Teresa, Colinas-León.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de estudiar el efecto de las bajas temperaturas sobre la calidad poscosecha de albahaca (Occimum basilicum L.), producida con y sin acolchado, en atmósfera modificada, se cuantificó su comportamiento en almacenamiento a 0, 5, 7 y 20 °C, durante 16 días, en un diseño experimental com [...] pletamente al azar, con tres repeticiones. La unidad experimental consistió en un manojo de hierbas de 30 g. Se evaluaron los sólidos solubles totales, acidez titulable, potencial de hidrógeno, clorofilas, carotenoides, contenido de amonio, color, pérdida de peso fresco, y además se realizó una evaluación hedónica, en donde se tomó en cuenta apariencia visual, turgencia, apariencia comercial, pudrición y amarillamiento. Hubo diferentes efectos de las temperaturas sobre la calidad poscosecha. La albahaca sufrió daños por frío a 0 °C. Sin embargo a 5 °C se incrementó la vida poscosecha y se conservaron sus características fisicoquímicas. El uso del acolchado no influyó en la calidad poscosecha. Abstract in english In order to study the effect of low temperatures on postharvest quality of basil (Occimum basilicum L.), grown with and without mulching, under modified atmosphere, its behavior was quantified in storage at 0, 5, 7 and 20 °C, for 16 days using a completely randomized design with three replications. [...] The experiment unit consisted of a 30 g herbal bundle. Total soluble solids, titratable acidity, hydrogen potential, chlorophylls, carotenoids, ammonium content, color, fresh weight loss were evaluated. A hedonic evaluation was carried out, taking into account the following elements: visual appearance, turgidity, trade dress, decay and yellowing. Temperatures provoked different effects on postharvest quality. Basil suffered chilling injury at 0 °C. However, postharvest life of basil increased and its physicochemical characteristics remained similar at 5 °C. Postharvest quality was not affected by the use of mulching.

  2. Effects of flaxseed, sardines, pearl millet, and holy basil leaves on production traits of layers and fatty acid composition of egg yolks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirubakaran, A; Narahari, D; Ezhil Valavan, T; Sathish Kumar, A

    2011-01-01

    The effects of flaxseed, sardines, pearl millet, and holy basil (Oscimum sanctum) leaf meal on Single Comb White Leghorn (Forsgate strain) layer hen production traits, fatty acid composition of egg yolks, and egg quality characteristics were studied. Layer hens were allocated to 1 of 6 dietary treatments from 27 to 32 wk of age: control (treatment 1), control + 1 g of basil leaf meal (BLM) (treatment 2), control + 2 g of BLM (treatment 3), designer egg layer mash (DELM; treatment 4), DELM + 1 g of BLM (treatment 5), DELM + 2 g of BLM (treatment 6). No significant differences were found in egg production between dietary treatments, indicating that neither the designer diet nor the BLM had an adverse effect on egg production. The high energy level in the designer diet, because of the flaxseed oil and sardines, significantly reduced feed intake compared with the control diet. The egg weight was significantly higher in birds fed the designer diet compared with the egg weight in the control diet. The flaxseed oil and sardine oil, which are rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, contributed to significantly increased n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels in the egg yolks, with a proportionate reduction in the level of palmitic acid. Other fatty acids showed only minor variations. Flaxseed oil increased the level of ?-linolenic acid, whereas fish oil increased the eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid levels. The BLM at low levels of inclusion (1 and 2 g/kg) also contributed significantly to elevating the yolk n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels, especially C18:3. Holy basil leaf meal is a good feed supplement for increasing the yolk ?-linolenic acid level by reducing the yolk saturated fatty acid levels proportionately. PMID:21177454

  3. Unexpected roles for ancient proteins: flavone 8-hydroxylase in sweet basil trichomes is a Rieske-type, PAO-family oxygenase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berim, Anna; Park, Jeong-Jin; Gang, David R

    2014-11-01

    Most elucidated hydroxylations in plant secondary metabolism are catalyzed by oxoglutarate- or cytochrome P450-dependent oxygenases. Numerous hydroxylations still evade clarification, suggesting that they might be performed by alternative enzyme types. Here, we report the identification of the flavone 8-hydroxylase (F8H) in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) trichomes as a Rieske-type oxygenase. Several features of the F8H activity in trichome protein extracts helped to differentiate it from a cytochrome P450-catalyzed reaction and identify candidate genes in the basil trichome EST database. The encoded ObF8H proteins share approximately 50% identity with Rieske-type protochlorophyllide a oxygenases (PTC52) from higher plants. Homology cloning and DNA blotting revealed the presence of several PTC52-like genes in the basil genome. The transcripts of the candidate gene designated ObF8H-1 are strongly enriched in trichomes compared to whole young leaves, indicating trichome-specific expression. The full-length ObF8H-1 protein possesses a predicted N-terminal transit peptide, which directs green fluorescent protein at least in part to chloroplasts. The F8H activity in crude trichome protein extracts correlates well with the abundance of ObF8H peptides. The purified recombinant ObF8H-1 displays high affinity for salvigenin and is inactive with other tested flavones except cirsimaritin, which is 8-hydroxylated with less than 0.2% relative activity. The efficiency of in vivo 8-hydroxylation by engineered yeast was improved by manipulation of protein subcellular targeting. blast searches showed that occurrence of several PTC52-like genes is rather common in sequenced plant genomes. The discovery of ObF8H suggests that Rieske-type oxygenases may represent overlooked candidate catalysts for oxygenations in specialized plant metabolism. PMID:25139498

  4. Retino-choroidal ischemia in central retinal vein occlusion

    OpenAIRE

    Hussain, Nazimul; Hussain, Anjli

    2014-01-01

    A 41-year-old gentleman with insulin dependent diabetes had decreased vision in the right eye due to non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion with macular edema. One month following intravitreal ranibizumab, he developed retino-choroidal ischemia with further loss of vision. Authors show the fluorescein angiographic transition from non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion to retino-choroidal ischemia.

  5. Subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis: successful treatment with streptokinase.

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, J. J.; Lesk, D.; Newman, H.

    1984-01-01

    Proximal vein thrombosis has been associated with residual disability from the postphlebetic syndrome in patients receiving symptomatic therapy or heparin and sodium warfarin. This paper describes a man with painless swelling of the right arm secondary to subclavian-axillary vein thrombosis that was successfully treated with streptokinase and conventional anticoagulant therapy.

  6. Widening of the upper mediastinum due to innominate vein thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thrombosis of the subclavian and/or innominate veins may cause soft tissue swelling and give a widening of the upper anterior mediastinum. In patients with clinical signs of arm vein thrombosis, this sign indicates central propagation of the thrombus, making arm phlebography unnecessary for diagnostic purposes. (orig.)

  7. Arteriovenous Fistula Between the Hepatic Artery and the Hepatic Vein

    OpenAIRE

    Howard, John M.; Malafa, M.; Coombs, Robert J.; Iannone, Anthony M.

    1989-01-01

    A patient is presented with multiple vascular anomalies in the branches of the celiac axis as well as in the portal vein and its branches. Apparently, unique in the literature is the presence of a large arteriovenous fistula between the hepatic artery and one of the hepatic veins. The anomalies are presumed to be congenital in origin.

  8. A study of images of Projective Angles of pulmonary veins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Jue [Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing (China); Zhaoqi, Zhang [Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing (China)], E-mail: zhaoqi5000@vip.sohu.com; Yu Wei; Miao Cuilian; Yan Zixu; Zhao Yike [Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing (China)

    2009-09-15

    Aims: In images of magnetic resonance and computed tomography (CT) there are visible angles between pulmonary veins and the coronary, transversal or sagittal section of body. In this study these angles are measured and defined as Projective Angles of pulmonary veins. Several possible influential factors and characters of distribution are studied and analyzed for a better understanding of this imaging anatomic character of pulmonary veins. And it could be the anatomic base of adjusting correctly the angle of the central X-ray of the angiography of pulmonary veins undergoing the catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Method: Images of contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CEMRA) and contrast enhanced computer tomography (CECT) of the left atrium and pulmonary veins of 137 health objects and patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are processed with the technique of post-processing, and Projective Angles to the coronary and transversal sections are measured and analyzed statistically. Result: Project Angles of pulmonary veins are one of real and steady imaging anatomic characteristics of pulmonary veins. The statistical distribution of variables is relatively concentrated, with a fairly good representation of average value. It is possible to improve the angle of the central X-ray according to the average value in the selective angiography of pulmonary veins undergoing the catheter ablation of AF.

  9. A study of images of Projective Angles of pulmonary veins

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aims: In images of magnetic resonance and computed tomography (CT) there are visible angles between pulmonary veins and the coronary, transversal or sagittal section of body. In this study these angles are measured and defined as Projective Angles of pulmonary veins. Several possible influential factors and characters of distribution are studied and analyzed for a better understanding of this imaging anatomic character of pulmonary veins. And it could be the anatomic base of adjusting correctly the angle of the central X-ray of the angiography of pulmonary veins undergoing the catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). Method: Images of contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CEMRA) and contrast enhanced computer tomography (CECT) of the left atrium and pulmonary veins of 137 health objects and patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are processed with the technique of post-processing, and Projective Angles to the coronary and transversal sections are measured and analyzed statistically. Result: Project Angles of pulmonary veins are one of real and steady imaging anatomic characteristics of pulmonary veins. The statistical distribution of variables is relatively concentrated, with a fairly good representation of average value. It is possible to improve the angle of the central X-ray according to the average value in the selective angiography of pulmonary veins undergoing the catheter ablation of AF.

  10. Vein Pattern Recognition A Privacy-Enhancing Biometric

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Chuck

    2010-01-01

    Vein pattern recognition (VPR) is quickly taking root around the world and may soon dominate applications where people focus is key. This book takes a look at biometrics in general and at vein pattern recognition specifically. It discusses the emergence of this technology and evaluates its capabilities and benefits.

  11. Spontaneous rupture of the left common iliac vein.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaschignard, N; Le Paul, Y; Maouni, T; Le Priol, P D

    2000-09-01

    We report a case of spontaneous rupture of the left common iliac vein in a 58-year-old woman. Because of hemorrhagic shock, the intervention had to be performed under emergency circumstances, precluding repair of the external iliac vein, which was ligated. The postoperative course was uneventful. We also review the 17 prior cases found in the literature. PMID:10990565

  12. Preventing intimal thickening of vein grafts in vein artery bypass using STAT-3 siRNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Jiangbin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs play a key role in neointimal formation which leads to restenosis of vein graft in venous bypass. STAT-3 is a transcription factor associated with cell proliferation. We hypothesized that silencing of STAT-3 by siRNA will inhibit proliferation of VSMCs and attenuate intimal thickening. Methods Rat VSMCs were isolated and cultured in vitro by applying tissue piece inoculation methods. VSMCs were transfected with STAT 3 siRNA using lipofectamine 2000. In vitro proliferation of VSMC was quantified by the MTT assay, while in vivo assessment was performed in a venous transplantation model. In vivo delivery of STAT-3 siRNA plasmid or scramble plasmid was performed by admixing with liposomes 2000 and transfected into the vein graft by bioprotein gel applied onto the adventitia. Rat jugular vein-carotid artery bypass was performed. On day 3 and7 after grafting, the vein grafts were extracted, and analyzed morphologically by haematoxylin eosin (H&E, and assessed by immunohistochemistry for expression of Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA. Western-blot and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA expression in vivo and in vitro. Cell apoptosis in vein grafts was detected by TUNEL assay. Results MTT assay shows that the proliferation of VSMCs in the STAT-3 siRNA treated group was inhibited. On day 7 after operation, a reduced number of Ki-67 and PCNA positive cells were observed in the neointima of the vein graft in the STAT-3 siRNA treated group as compared to the scramble control. The PCNA index in the control group (31.3 ± 4.7 was higher than that in the STAT-3 siRNA treated group (23.3 ± 2.8 (P Conclusions The STAT-3 siRNA can inhibit the proliferation of VSMCs in vivo and in vitro and attenuate neointimal formation.

  13. Basil conservation affected by cropping season, harvest time and storage period Armazenamento e conservação de manjericão após diferentes épocas e horários de colheita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franceli da Silva

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Fresh basil (Ocimum basilicum L. is used in food, phytotherapic industry, and in traditional therapeutic, due to its essential oil content and composition. Nevertheless basil can not be kept for long periods after harvest and its quality can be reduced. This work aimed to assess the influence of the season and harvest time in the postharvest conservation of basil stored for different periods. Basil was harvested at 8 am and 4 pm both in August/1999 and January/2000. Cuttings were conditioned in PVC packages and stored for 3, 6, and 9 days. During storage, chlorophyll content, essential oil content and composition were determined as well as microbiological analyses were carried out. Harvest season and the days of storage influenced the final content of essential oil. There was a linear decrease in the content of essential oil, in the chlorophyll content and in the number of mold and yeast colonies during storage. There was no effect of cropping season or harvest hour on essential oil composition, but the eugenol and linalool content increased during storage. Coliforms were under 0.3 MPN g-1 and the number of Staphylococcus aureus was under 1.0x10² UFC g-1.O manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L. é empregado tanto na indústria culinária quanto fitoterápica e na medicina tradicional, devido ao teor e composição de seu óleo essencial. No entanto, o manjericão não pode ser conservado por longo período após a colheita e sua qualidade pode ser prejudicada. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a influência da época e do horário de colheita sobre a conservação de manjericão armazenado por diferentes períodos. O manjericão foi colhido às 8h e às 16h em agosto/1999 e em janeiro/2000. Os ramos foram acondicionados em filmes de PVC e armazenados por 3, 6 e 9 dias. Durante o armazenamento, o teor de clorofila, e o teor e a composição do óleo essencial foram determinados e foram conduzidas análises microbiológicas. A época de colheita e os dias de armazenamento influenciaram o teor final de óleo essencial. Houve decréscimo linear dos teores de óleo essencial e de clorofila e do número de colônias de fungos e bactérias ao longo do armazenamento. Não houve efeito da época de colheita ou do horário de colheita sobre a composição do óleo essencial, mas os teores de eugenol e linalol aumentaram durante o armazenamento. O número de coliformes ficou abaixo de 0,3 NMP g-1 e o número de Staphylococcus aureus, abaixo de 1,0x10² UFC g-1.

  14. Basil conservation affected by cropping season, harvest time and storage period / Armazenamento e conservação de manjericão após diferentes épocas e horários de colheita

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Franceli da, Silva; Ricardo Henrique Silva, Santos; Nélio José de, Andrade; Luiz Cláudio Almeida, Barbosa; Vicente Wagner Dias, Casali; Renato Ribeiro de, Lima; Ricardo Vaz de Melo, Passarinho.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O manjericão (Ocimum basilicum L.) é empregado tanto na indústria culinária quanto fitoterápica e na medicina tradicional, devido ao teor e composição de seu óleo essencial. No entanto, o manjericão não pode ser conservado por longo período após a colheita e sua qualidade pode ser prejudicada. O obj [...] etivo deste trabalho foi verificar a influência da época e do horário de colheita sobre a conservação de manjericão armazenado por diferentes períodos. O manjericão foi colhido às 8h e às 16h em agosto/1999 e em janeiro/2000. Os ramos foram acondicionados em filmes de PVC e armazenados por 3, 6 e 9 dias. Durante o armazenamento, o teor de clorofila, e o teor e a composição do óleo essencial foram determinados e foram conduzidas análises microbiológicas. A época de colheita e os dias de armazenamento influenciaram o teor final de óleo essencial. Houve decréscimo linear dos teores de óleo essencial e de clorofila e do número de colônias de fungos e bactérias ao longo do armazenamento. Não houve efeito da época de colheita ou do horário de colheita sobre a composição do óleo essencial, mas os teores de eugenol e linalol aumentaram durante o armazenamento. O número de coliformes ficou abaixo de 0,3 NMP g-1 e o número de Staphylococcus aureus, abaixo de 1,0x10² UFC g-1. Abstract in english Fresh basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is used in food, phytotherapic industry, and in traditional therapeutic, due to its essential oil content and composition. Nevertheless basil can not be kept for long periods after harvest and its quality can be reduced. This work aimed to assess the influence of th [...] e season and harvest time in the postharvest conservation of basil stored for different periods. Basil was harvested at 8 am and 4 pm both in August/1999 and January/2000. Cuttings were conditioned in PVC packages and stored for 3, 6, and 9 days. During storage, chlorophyll content, essential oil content and composition were determined as well as microbiological analyses were carried out. Harvest season and the days of storage influenced the final content of essential oil. There was a linear decrease in the content of essential oil, in the chlorophyll content and in the number of mold and yeast colonies during storage. There was no effect of cropping season or harvest hour on essential oil composition, but the eugenol and linalool content increased during storage. Coliforms were under 0.3 MPN g-1 and the number of Staphylococcus aureus was under 1.0x10² UFC g-1.

  15. Phase equilibrium in systems with ionic liquids: An example for the downstream process of the Biphasic Acid Scavenging utilizing Ionic Liquids (BASIL) process. Part I: Experimental data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? Phase equilibrium for a downstream process in sustainable chemical technology. ? Biphasic Acid Scavenging Utilizing Ionic Liquids (BASIL) Process. ? SLE, LLE, and SLLE of (NaCl + water + 1-propanol + 1-MIM) and its ternary subsystems. ? Experimental phase equilibrium data at temperatures between 298 K and 333 K. - Abstract: Experimental results are presented for the (liquid + liquid), (solid + liquid) and (solid + liquid + liquid) equilibria occurring in the downstream process of a typical example for the Biphasic Acid Scavenging Utilizing Ionic Liquids (BASIL)-processes. In a BASIL process an organic base is used to catalyze a chemical reaction and, at the same time, to scavenge an acid that is an undesired side product of that reaction. The particular example of a BASIL process treated here is the reaction of 1-butanol and acetylchloride to butylacetate and hydrochloric acid, where the acid is scavenged by the organic base 1-methyl imidazole (1-MIM) resulting in the ionic liquid 1-methyl imidazolium chloride. The reaction results in a two-phase system as butylacetate and the ionic liquid reveal a large liquid–liquid miscibility gap. The organic base has to be recovered. This is commonly achieved by treating the ionic liquid–rich liquid phase with an aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide (i.e., converting the ionic liquid to the organic base) and extracting the organic base by an appropriate organic solvent (e.g., 1-propanol). The work presen, 1-propanol). The work presented here deals in experimental work with the (liquid + liquid), (solid + liquid) and (solid + liquid + liquid) phase equilibria that are encountered in such extraction processes. Experimental results are reported for temperatures between about 298 K and 333 K: for the solubility of NaCl in several solvents (1-propanol, 1-MIM), (water + 1-MIM), (1-propanol + 1-MIM), (water + 1-propanol), and (water + 1-propanol + 1-MIM) and for the (liquid + liquid) equilibrium as well as for the (solid + liquid + liquid) equilibrium of the ternary system (NaCl + water + 1-propanol) and of the quaternary system (NaCl + water + 1-propanol + 1-MIM).

  16. Microbiological analysis of pre-packed sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) and coriander (Coriandrum sativum) leaves for the presence of Salmonella spp. and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delbeke, Stefanie; Ceuppens, Siele; Jacxsens, Liesbeth; Uyttendaele, Mieke

    2015-09-01

    Enteric pathogens, such as Salmonella spp. and pathogenic Escherichia coli, have been detected and associated with food borne outbreaks from (imported) fresh leafy herbs. Screening on imported herbs from South East Asian countries has been described. However, limited information on prevalence of these pathogens is available from other sourcing regions. Therefore, fresh pre-packed basil and coriander leaves from a Belgian trading company were investigated for the presence of Salmonella spp., Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), generic E. coli and coliforms. In total 592 samples were collected originating from Belgium, Israel and Cyprus during 2013-2014. Multiplex PCR followed by further culture confirmation was used for the detection of Salmonella spp. and STEC, whereas the Petrifilm Select E. coli and VRBL-agar were used, respectively, for the enumeration of E. coli and coliforms. Salmonella was detected in 10 out of 592 samples (25g) (1.7%; 5 from basil and 5 from coriander), of which two samples were sourced from Israel and eight from Cyprus. The presence of STEC was suspected in 11 out of 592 samples (25g) (1.9%; 3 basil and 8 coriander), due to the detection of stx and eae genes, of which one sample originated from Belgium, four from Israel and six from Cyprus. No STEC was isolated by culture techniques, but in three samples a serotype (O26, O103 or O111) with its most likely associated eae-variant (? or ?) was detected by PCR. Generic E. coli was enumerated in 108 out of 592 samples, whereby 55, 32 and 13 samples respectively between 10-100, 100-1000 and 1000-10,000cfu/g and 8 samples exceeding 10,000cfu/g. Coliforms were enumerated in all herb samples at variable levels ranging from 1.6 to 7.5logcfu/g. Further statistics indicate that the E. coli class (categorized by level) was significantly correlated with the presence of Salmonella (pfood safety (i.e. no pathogens present). Results indicate that fresh leafy herbs like basil and coriander sourced from different cultivation regions, may contain enteric pathogens and potentially pose a risk for human health. PMID:26005779

  17. Multiple Abdominal Veins Thrombosis Secondary to Protein S Deficiency - A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kodali, Venkata Umakant; Borra, Seshulakshmi; Mandarapu, Surendra Babu; Sanda, Mallikarjuna Rao; Bolla, Srinivasa Rao

    2014-01-01

    Abdominal venous thrombosis may present either as Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) caused by hepatic vein or proximal inferior vena cava (IVC) obstruction or as an extra hepatic portal obstruction (EHPVO) caused by Portal vein thrombosis or mesenteric vein thrombosis, but a mixed involvement is uncommon. Multiple abdominal venous obstructions presenting with thrombosis of hepatic vein, IVC, portal vein and renal vein are very rarely seen . We are reporting a rare case with thrombosis of IVC, hepati...

  18. Genesis of self-organized zebra textures in burial dolomites : displacive veins, induced stress, and dolomitization

    OpenAIRE

    Merino, E.

    2006-01-01

    The dolomite veins making up rhythmites common in burial dolomites are not cement infillings of supposed cavities, as in the prevailing view, but are instead displacive veins, veins that pushed aside the host dolostone as they grew. Evidence that the veins are displacive includes a) small transform-fault-like displacements that could not have taken place if the veins were passive cements, and b) stylolites in host rock that formed as the veins grew in order to compensate for the volume added ...

  19. Left Internal Jugular Vein Thrombosis Due to a Lung Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuan-Hsing Chen

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Deep vein thrombosis is a common disease among Caucasians but is rare in Asia.Venous thrombosis may be fatal, for example by a pulmonary embolism and right or leftatrial thrombosis. Alternatively, deep vein thrombosis may follow a benign pattern such asfemoral and popliteal vein thrombosis. Theories abound regarding the causes of deep veinthrombosis, with the most common theories being long-term stasis and lack of exercise.Internal jugular vein thrombosis is a rare but potentially fatal disease with various causes. Inthe pre-antibiotics era, this disease was frequently associated with deep neck infection.Recently however, local trauma, central catheterization, and repeated intravenous injectionswith drugs have become the leading causes of thrombosis. Spontaneous internal jugularvein thrombosis may occur in connection with a neoplasm, termed Trousseau's syndrome.This investigation reports a case of lung cancer associated with internal jugular vein thrombosis.

  20. Principal Component Analysis of Thermal Dorsal Hand Vein Pattern Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Krishna Sree

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The quest of providing more secure identification system has lead to rise in developing biometric systems. Biometrics such as face, fingerprint and iris have been developed extensively for human identification purpose and also to provide authentic input to many security systems in the past few decades. Dorsal hand vein pattern is an emerging biometric which is unique to every individual. In this study principal component analysis is used to obtain Eigen vein patterns which are low dimensional representation of vein pattern features. The extraction of the vein patterns was obtained by morphological techniques. Noise reduction filters are used to enhance the vein patterns. Principle component analysis is able to reduce the 2-dimensional image database into 1-dimensional Eigen vectors and able to identify all the dorsal hand pattern images.

  1. Contamination of local wildlife following a fire at a polychlorinated biphenyls warehouse in St Basile le Grand, Quebec, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phaneuf, D; DesGranges, J L; Plante, N; Rodrigue, J

    1995-02-01

    This study on wildlife contamination, one to ten months after the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) fire in St Basile le Grand, Quebec, shows that the fire increased PCB and polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDF) levels in animals. From the data, it was not possible to detect a significant increase in polychlorinated dibenzodioxin (PCDD) levels after the fire. Given the relatively small sample size, the differences in concentrations could not be estimated precisely. However, it can be asserted with a 95% confidence level that mean concentrations of total PCBs were roughly 2 to 6 times higher in the area contaminated by the plume of smoke, concentrations of homologues with 3 chlorine atoms were 1 to 4 times higher, and levels of homologues with 5 to 9 chlorine atoms were 3 to 13 times higher. The relative deviations between concentrations in areas under the plume and those outside it were similar for all animals sampled. With regard to total PCDFs, mean concentrations were significantly higher under the smoke plume than outside it for all species. This observation is linked to homologues with 4, 5 and 7 chlorine atoms for which significant differences were detected between the two areas. The fire had no effect on the pattern of PCB congeners found in the tissue of animals in the region. Congeners Nos. 153, 180, 138 and 118 represent approximately 50% of total PCBs. Although PCB and PCDF concentrations were higher in the tissue of local wildlife species exposed to the fire, they were nonetheless comparable to those found in other urban and agricultural areas in Canada. These concentrations, in 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxic equivalents, were much lower than those observed in the wake of three other major incidents involving PCDDs (Elgin, Florida; Times Beach, Missouri; and Seveso, Italy).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7710287

  2. Development of HIFU Treatment for Lower Extremity Varicose Veins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senoo, Naohiko; Ushijima, Hiroyuki; Suzuki, Jun; Yoshinaka, Kiyoshi; Deguchi, Juno; Takagi, Shu; Miyata, Tetsuro; Matsumoto, Yoichiro

    2011-09-01

    High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has recently been developed as a noninvasive therapeutic method. In our study, a novel noninvasive therapy with HIFU was proposed for occlusion of lower extremity varicose veins. The temperature increase caused by HIFU is used to occlude varicose veins. Occluded veins became fibrotic, resulting in complete recovery. Our final goal is the medical application of HIFU treatment for varicose veins. In this study, we attempted to occlude the veins of rabbits. Prior to venous occlusion experiments, the area heated by HIFU was investigated using bovine serum albumin (BSA) gel, which denatures at >70 °C. The results indicate that the size of the heated area mainly depends on intensity at the focal point and the exposure time. A tendency was also seen for the heated area to extend toward the transducer with increasing exposure time. In animal experiments, skin burns during HIFU exposure represented a critical problem. We therefore examined the safe range of HIFU intensities in abdominal exposure experiments before conducting venous occlusion experiments. The ultrasound frequency was 1.7 MHz. Intensity at the focal point was 900 W/cm2, and the exposure time was 20 s. Rabbits underwent chemical depilation and echo gel was applied to the exposed skin to fill the boundary gap. Target veins were compressed during HIFU exposure to avoid thermal dissipation, and hyaluronan water solution was injected between the veins and skin to maintain the distance between the skin and veins at ?5 mm. Veins were then exposed to HIFU and occluded. The capability of HIFU treatment to occlude lower extremity varicose veins was verified by the present study.

  3. Non-cuffed dual lumen catheters in the external jugular veins versus other central veins for hemodialysis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moini Majid

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available To compare prospective between insertion of non-cuffed dual lumen catheter in the external jugular vein and other central veins for hemodialysis (HD, we studied 68 chronic dialysis patients randomly allocated into two groups: one with external jugular vein catheterization as access for HD and another with other central venous catheterization, internal jugular or subclavian vein. Our results showed there were no significant differences regarding successful cannulation, com-plications, total numbers of dialysis, development of pain and infection at the site of cannulation, patency rate of the catheters, and efficacy of hemodialysis between both groups. In addition, the patency of the catheter in the external jugular vein was not affected by previous cannulation of other central veins. In contrast, there was a significant correlation between numbers of attempts for cannulation in both groups and development of hematoma and infection, (p< 0.05. In conclusion, our results showed that the external jugular vein may be an alternative for other central veins for insertion of temporary non-cuffed hemodialysis catheter.

  4. Aneurysmal dilatation of persistent vitelline vein with thrombus in a neonate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Kun Woo; Sung, Deuk Jae; Park, Beom Jin; Kim, Min Ju; Cho, Sung Bum [Korea University College of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Anam Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-07-15

    The paired vitelline veins selectively involute and form a part of the portal vein during embryonic development. The presence of a persistent vitelline vein segment after birth is very rare and can be confused with anomalies of the portal and umbilical veins. We present sonographic, CT and MRI findings of aneurysmal dilatation of a persistent vitelline vein with thrombus in a neonate; this case was first misdiagnosed as an umbilical vein varix by prenatal US. MRI was used to identify the persistent vitelline vein segment and the remnant umbilical vein segment. (orig.)

  5. Coil Protruding into the Common Femoral Vein Following Pelvic Venous Embolization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pelvic venous embolization is performed for pelvic congestion syndrome and prior to lower limb varicose vein surgery in females with associated pelvic venous insufficiency. The procedure is analogous to varicocele embolization in males, although refluxing internal iliac vein tributaries may also be embolized. We report a case of inadvertent coil placement in the common femoral vein while embolizing the obturator vein, during pelvic vein embolization for recurrent lower limb varicose veins. There were no clinical consequences and the coil was left in situ. We advise caution when embolizing internal iliac vein tributaries where there is clinically significant communication with veins of the lower limb

  6. A novel transposition system in Drosophila melanogaster depending on the Stalker mobile genetic element.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiev, P G; Kiselev, S L; Simonova, O B; Gerasimova, T I

    1990-01-01

    Crosses between the Drosophila melanogaster y2sc1waG strain or some of its derivatives and the FM4 strain yielded insertional mutagenesis with a frequency of 10(-3)-10(-4). The system differs in several respects from the known cases of hybrid dysgenesis: (i) it does not depend on the direction of a cross; (ii) destabilization continues for a long time after initial crosses; (iii) mutations may occur at different stages of development. The mutation in the yellow locus has been cloned and found to depend on insertion into the coding region of the gene of a novel mobile genetic element designated as Stalker. The sequencing of Stalker termini reveals 405 bp direct repeats (LTRs) and a target 3 bp duplication, as well as some other sequences typical of retrovirus-like retrotransposons. The number of Stalker copies per genome and chromosomal localization vary among D. melanogaster strains. Before crosses, the location of Stalker on chromosomes is fairly stable in a particular strain but thereafter numerous changes in Stalker distribution take place. Most novel substrains are internally heterogenous which is indicative of the continuing Stalker transposition. Other mobile elements tested do not move. Possibly, only Stalker is mobilized in the system. Many known and novel mutations have been obtained. Comparison of their genetic localization with Stalker distribution suggests that the majority of them have been induced by the Stalker insertion. Images Fig. 2. Fig. 4. PMID:2162761

  7. Transposição da valva pulmonar para substituição da valva aórtica Pulmonary valve transposition for aortic valve replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique B Furtado

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Embora tenha havido uma importante melhora na qualidade das próteses cardíacas aórticas, existem, ainda, problemas consideráveis a longo prazo, como o uso de aticoagulantes para as próteses mecânicas e a durabilidade dos tecidos biológicos fixados e mortos. No presente trabalho, relatamos as técnicas utilizadas para se transplantar um tubo valvulado obtido pela dissecção da valva e tronco pulmonar do próprio paciente e seu implante no local da valva aórtica suturada sob os óstios das artérias coronárias direita e esquerda. Após isto, reconstruímos a via de saída de ventrículo direito (VSVD, valva e tronco pulmonar com tubo valvulado de pericárdio bovino. O paciente teve ótima evolução pós-operatória, com a neovalva aórtica perfeitamente competente e bom fluxo pulmonar. O pericárdio bovino utilizado em posição pulmonar tem uma tendência desprezível de complicações a longo prazo bem menor que em posição aórtica e a valva pulmonar homóloga viva deverá ser definitiva.Although there have been a great improvement in valvular prosthesis we still have problems concerning durability and thrombosis. In this paper we describe the transposition of pulmonary valve to aortic position with reconstruction of the outflow tract with a pericardial valvular tube, with very good results, in one patient.

  8. The managerial reduction in the management technologies transposition process to public organizations

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sandro Trescastro, Bergue.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay discusses the phenomenon of the implementation of technologies designed in the management business, with emphasis on relations with public organizations. It proposes a reflection on the concept of sociological reduction by Guerreiro Ramos, recovering its roots in Husserl and Heidegger and [...] their relationship with the concepts of creative adaptation and the translation of managerial issues. Contextualized in the paradigm of new public management and the list of values and assumptions on which this movement is based, the analysis of the reproduction of practices known in private organizations by public ones seeking their legitimacy has revealed the formality and ceremonial aspect of this contemporary phenomenon. The importance of bringing knowledge from the organizational field that subsidizes management as well as the coherence of these cultural objects in terms of concepts and assumptions of organization are highlighted here. The process of transpositions, contrasting with reproducible traits of Brazilian managerial culture that are historically constructed but consistent with the notion of sociological reduction, requires a critical, conscious and engaged attitude on the part of members of the organization not only regarding the relevance of the imported content but also giving new meaning to the concepts underlying the management technologies.

  9. On the dragnosis of deep vein thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clinical and laboratory diagnostic methods were studied in 301 consecutive patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Unexpectedly, phlebography (the reference method) was found to cause DVT in estimated 48 % of patients without initial DVT. Using a new type of contrast medium, however, no thrombotic complications were found. - Neither clinical examination nor plethysmography were found to give reliable results. Using a modified technique for radioisotope detection, high sensitivity to DVT was found with the 125I-fibrinogen uptake test (within 2 days) and a newly developed 99Tcsup(m)-plasmin test (within one hour). Since both tests showed low specificity, they are reliable as screening tests to exclude DVT, but not as independent diagnostic methods. (author)

  10. Portal Vein Embolization: What Do We Know?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Portal vein embolization (PVE) has been developed to increase the size of the future remnant liver (FRL) left in place after major hepatectomy, thus reducing the risk of postoperative liver insufficiency. PVE consist in embolizing preoperatively portal branches of the segments that will be resected. Indication is based on preoperative measurements of the FRL by computed tomography and its ratio with either the theoretical liver volume or by direct measurement of the functional liver volume. After PVE, the volume and function of the FRL increases in 3 to 6 weeks, permitting extensive resections in patients otherwise contraindicated for liver resection. The PVE technique is variable from one center to another; however n-butyl-cyano-acrylate provides an interesting compromise between hypertrophy rate and procedure risk.

  11. Repair of peripheral nerve with vein wrapping*

    Science.gov (United States)

    LEUZZI, S.; ARMENIO, A.; LEONE, L.; DE SANTIS, V.; DI TURI, A.; ANNOSCIA, P.; BUFANO, L.; PASCONE, M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective The post–traumatic neuro-anastomosis must be protected from the surrounding environment. This barrier must be biologically inert, biodegradable, not compressing but protecting the nerve. Formation of painful neuroma is one of the major issues with neuro-anastomosis; currently there is no consensus on post-repair neuroma prevention. Aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of neuroanastomosis performed with venous sheath to reduce painful neuromas formation, improve the electrical conductivity of the repaired nerve, and reduce the discrepancies of the sectioned nerve stumps. Patients and methods From a trauma population of 320 patients treated in a single centre between January 2008 and December 2011, twenty-six patients were identified as having an injury to at least one of the peripheral nerves of the arm and enrolled in the study. Patients were divided into two groups. In the group A (16 patients) the end-to-end nerve suture was wrapped in a vein sheath and compared with the group B (10 patients) in which a simple end-to-end neurorrhaphy was performed. The venous segment used to cover the nerve micro-suture was harvested from the superficial veins of the forearm. The parameters analyzed were: functional recovery of motor nerves, sensitivity and pain. Results Average follow-up was 14 months (range: 12–24 months). The group A showed a more rapid motor and sensory recovery and a reduction of the painful symptoms compared to the control group (B). Conclusions The Authors demonstrated that, in their experience, the venous sheath provides a valid solution to avoid the dispersion of the nerve fibres, to prevent adherent scars and painful neuromas formation. Moreover it can compensate the different size of two nerve stumps, allowing, thereby, a more rapid functional and sensitive recovery without expensive devices. PMID:24841688

  12. Pulmonary Vein Isolation Without Left Atrial Mapping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attila Kardos

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: One of the crucial points during in most approaches developed for ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF is the ability to identify the pulmonary vein (PVs and to accurately locate their ostia. Objectives: The purpose of this case series was to investigate a simplified method for fusion of the multislice computer tomography (CT derived 3D dataset with the electroanatomical map in order to facilitate the mapping procedure. Methods: In 5 consecutive patients (4 male referred for catheter ablation of symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation contrast enhanced computer tomography was performed before the procedure and imported into an electroanatomical mapping system (Carto XP using CartoMerge Image Integration Module. During the procedure a multipolar mapping catheter (Quick Star DS, Biosense Webster, Diamond Bar, CA, USA was introduced to the coronary sinus (CS to align the CSCT shell to the proper position. The CS potentials provided information to identify the ostium of the CS to achieve a more accurate fusion of the images. No mapping points were taken in the left atrium. The feasibility of the method was characterized by the distance of mapping points. Mapping, registration and outcome data were compared with a cohort of patients undergoing MRI image integration. Result: The mean distance between the mapping points taken in the CS by the Quick Star catheter and the CS CT surface was suitable (mean±SD, 1.4±0.3 mm. Full electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins could be achieved in all patients. The mean procedure and fluoroscopy time were 39 ± 22 and 134 ±38 min respectively, significantly decreased as compared to the MRI cohort. Conclusions: Highly accurate CT image and the electroanatomical map (EAM fusion can be obtained by the Carto 3D electromanatomical mapping system using CS as the key anatomical structure for registration. Using this technique the mapping time of the left atrium can be reduced.

  13. Treatment of nutcracker syndrome with spermatic vein ligation and iliac vein anastomosis: case report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Xiao-Yong; Zheng, Wei; Du, Hong; Lei, Yi; Xue, Ya-Hui; Xue, Chao-Hui; An, Xian-Chao; Zheng, Gang

    2012-11-01

    Three patients with nutcracker syndrome (NCS) were enrolled in the study. Their clinical symptoms mainly included proteinuria and serious varicocele. Color Doppler ultrasound and computed tomography showed that the patients had constricted abdominal aortas, reduced superior mesenteric artery angles, and thinned left renal veins. Patients then underwent left spermatic vein ligation and iliac vein anastomosis. They were checked three months after their operation, and results showed that their sperms were improved and their proteinuria disappeared. The color Doppler ultrasound showed new cycle pathways. NCS clinical manifestations are complicated, and need combination diagnosis of symptoms and auxiliary examination to determine surgical indications. Ligation of spermatic vein and vein anastomosis can be used to treat NCS. PMID:23146812

  14. Percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus in interrupted inferior caval vein through femoral vein approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Percutaneous closure of the patent arterial duct in patients with interrupted inferior caval vein poses a technical challenge. A 12-year-old girl with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and interrupted inferior caval vein is described in this report. The diagnosis of interrupted inferior caval vein and azygos continuation was made in the catheterization laboratory. A catheter was advanced and snared in the descending aorta. An exchange wire was advanced through the catheter and snared in the descending aorta. Then, an Amplatzer TorqVue 2 delivery sheath was advanced over the wire from the venous side and again snared in the descending aorta. An Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) size 8/6 was advanced through the sheath while still holding the sheath with a snare. The device was opened. The sheath was then unsnared once the aortic disc was completely out. The sheath and the device were pulled back into the duct and the device was successfully implanted. The device was then released and it attained a stable position. An aortic angiogram was performed which showed complete occlusion

  15. Gd-DTPA-enhanced MR venography for varicose veins of the calf

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2D time-of-flight MR venography (2D TOF MRV) was performed in 16 patients (25 calves) with varicose veins and 2 volunteers (4 calves), and compared with venography. Sequential SPGR (TR/TE/FA=45 ms/7 ms/60deg) transverse images and/or GRASS (TR/TE/FA=100 ms/13 ms/60deg) transverse images were obtained for MRV. Superior presaturation pulse (S-SAT) was placed in 21 calves, and 0.05 mmol/kg Gd-DTPA was used in all calves. Projection MRVs were generated with maximum intensity projection (MIP) reconstruction. Regarding sequence parameter, S-SAT was useful to eliminate signal from artery that would obscure the signal of deep veins. The detectability of deep veins was improved with the use of S-SAT. In the comparison with venography, MRV could more clearly demonstrate varicose veins more than 5 mm in diameter and their drainage veins than venography. But it could not so clearly demonstrate deep veins as venography. It could not detect fine varicose veins less than 5 mm in diameter and connecting veins with valve insufficiency. In the examination of varicose veins, detection of deep veins, large varicose veins and their main drainage veins is clinically important, because diagnosis of patency of deep veins and dilatation of the drainage veins is necessary to choose the treatment, concluding conservative therapy, stripping and sclerotherapy. However, detection of fine varicose veins and connecting veins are not so important because those veins seldom need treatment. MRV was note veins seldom need treatment. MRV was not so suitable for detection of deep veins, but very useful for detection of varicose veins more than 5 mm in diameter and their main drainage veins. In conclusion, MRV is non-invasive and effective method in varicose veins of calf, and it can take the place of venography with the improvement of deep vein detectability. (author)

  16. Applied anatomic study of testicular veins in adult cadavers and in human fetuses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luciano A., Favorito; Waldemar S., Costa; Francisco J.B., Sampaio.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Analyze the anatomic variations of the testicular veins in human cadavers and fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred male adult cadavers and 24 fetuses were studied. Four anatomic aspects were considered: 1) Number of testicular veins, 2) The local of vein termination, 3) Type and n [...] umber of collaterals present and 4) Testicular vein termination angle. RESULTS: Cadavers - Right side - One testicular vein occurred in 85% and 2 veins in 5% of the cases. There were communicating veins with the colon in 21% of the cases. Left side - One testicular vein occurred in 82%, two veins in 15%, three veins in 2% and four veins in 1% of the cases. There were communicating veins with the colon in 31% of the cases. Fetuses - Right side -One testicular vein occurred in all cases. This vein drained to the vena cava in 83.3% of the cases, to the junction of the vena cava with the renal vein in 12.5% and to the renal vein in 4.2%. There were communicating veins with the colon in 25% of the cases. Left side - One testicular vein occurred in 66.6% of the cases, and 2 veins in occurred 33.3%. Communicating veins with the colon were found in 41.6% of the cases. CONCLUSION: The testicular vein presents numeric variations and also variations in its local of termination. In approximately 30% of the cases, there are collaterals that communicate the testicular vein with retroperitoneal veins. These anatomic findings can help understanding the origin of varicocele and its recurrence after surgical interventions.

  17. Applied anatomic study of testicular veins in adult cadavers and in human fetuses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano A. Favorito

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: Analyze the anatomic variations of the testicular veins in human cadavers and fetuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred male adult cadavers and 24 fetuses were studied. Four anatomic aspects were considered: 1 Number of testicular veins, 2 The local of vein termination, 3 Type and number of collaterals present and 4 Testicular vein termination angle. RESULTS: Cadavers - Right side - One testicular vein occurred in 85% and 2 veins in 5% of the cases. There were communicating veins with the colon in 21% of the cases. Left side - One testicular vein occurred in 82%, two veins in 15%, three veins in 2% and four veins in 1% of the cases. There were communicating veins with the colon in 31% of the cases. Fetuses - Right side -One testicular vein occurred in all cases. This vein drained to the vena cava in 83.3% of the cases, to the junction of the vena cava with the renal vein in 12.5% and to the renal vein in 4.2%. There were communicating veins with the colon in 25% of the cases. Left side - One testicular vein occurred in 66.6% of the cases, and 2 veins in occurred 33.3%. Communicating veins with the colon were found in 41.6% of the cases. CONCLUSION: The testicular vein presents numeric variations and also variations in its local of termination. In approximately 30% of the cases, there are collaterals that communicate the testicular vein with retroperitoneal veins. These anatomic findings can help understanding the origin of varicocele and its recurrence after surgical interventions.

  18. Veias linfonodais: uma causa pouco conhecida de varizes Lymph node veins: a little-known cause of varicose veins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Paciello Romualdo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As veias linfonodais fazem parte de uma rede venosa no triângulo de Scarpa, que liga em vários pontos o sistema venoso superficial às veias profundas, e podem tanto ser causa de incompetência do sistema venoso superficial quanto estar envolvidas na recorrência pós-safenectomia. Na rotina diária dos exames de Doppler venoso de membros inferiores, temos notado de maneira cada vez mais freqüente a associação das veias linfonodais com varizes primárias e recorrentes. A adequada caracterização dessas veias pode ajudar na compreensão do mecanismo fisiopatológico do aparecimento das varizes e permitir um controle e tratamento mais dirigidos. Este artigo lança luz sobre os aspectos anatômicos e fisiológicos das veias linfonodais, objetivando chamar a atenção dos profissionais envolvidos no diagnóstico de doenças venosas dos membros inferiores para uma causa pouco difundida de varizes.Lymph node veins are part of a venous network in Scarpa"s triangle, communicating in many points the superficial venous system and the deep veins, and may either be the cause of incompetence of the superficial venous system, or be involved in recurrent varicose veins after saphenous vein stripping. In the daily routine of venous Doppler examination of the lower extremities, an increasingly frequent association of lymph node veins with primary and/or recurrent varicose veins has been noticed. Appropriate characterization of these veins may help to understand the pathophysiological mechanism of varicose vein appearance and provide a more focused approach to follow-up and treatment. This article sheds some light on the anatomical and physiological aspects of lymph node veins, drawing the attention of professionals involved in the diagnosis of venous disorders of the lower extremities to a little-known cause of varicose veins.

  19. Veias linfonodais: uma causa pouco conhecida de varizes / Lymph node veins: a little-known cause of varicose veins

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    André Paciello, Romualdo; Roberto de Moraes, Bastos; Alessandro, Cappucci; Mathias, Fatio; Andréa, Tsunoda; Pollyanna, Campos; Alberto Lobo, Machado; Eduardo Hideki, Tokura.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available As veias linfonodais fazem parte de uma rede venosa no triângulo de Scarpa, que liga em vários pontos o sistema venoso superficial às veias profundas, e podem tanto ser causa de incompetência do sistema venoso superficial quanto estar envolvidas na recorrência pós-safenectomia. Na rotina diária dos [...] exames de Doppler venoso de membros inferiores, temos notado de maneira cada vez mais freqüente a associação das veias linfonodais com varizes primárias e recorrentes. A adequada caracterização dessas veias pode ajudar na compreensão do mecanismo fisiopatológico do aparecimento das varizes e permitir um controle e tratamento mais dirigidos. Este artigo lança luz sobre os aspectos anatômicos e fisiológicos das veias linfonodais, objetivando chamar a atenção dos profissionais envolvidos no diagnóstico de doenças venosas dos membros inferiores para uma causa pouco difundida de varizes. Abstract in english Lymph node veins are part of a venous network in Scarpa"s triangle, communicating in many points the superficial venous system and the deep veins, and may either be the cause of incompetence of the superficial venous system, or be involved in recurrent varicose veins after saphenous vein stripping. [...] In the daily routine of venous Doppler examination of the lower extremities, an increasingly frequent association of lymph node veins with primary and/or recurrent varicose veins has been noticed. Appropriate characterization of these veins may help to understand the pathophysiological mechanism of varicose vein appearance and provide a more focused approach to follow-up and treatment. This article sheds some light on the anatomical and physiological aspects of lymph node veins, drawing the attention of professionals involved in the diagnosis of venous disorders of the lower extremities to a little-known cause of varicose veins.

  20. Non-contact finger vein acquisition system using NIR laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jiman; Kong, Hyoun-Joong; Park, Sangyun; Noh, SeungWoo; Lee, Seung-Rae; Kim, Taejeong; Kim, Hee Chan

    2009-02-01

    Authentication using finger vein pattern has substantial advantage than other biometrics. Because human vein patterns are hidden inside the skin and tissue, it is hard to forge vein structure. But conventional system using NIR LED array has two drawbacks. First, direct contact with LED array raise sanitary problem. Second, because of discreteness of LEDs, non-uniform illumination exists. We propose non-contact finger vein acquisition system using NIR laser and Laser line generator lens. Laser line generator lens makes evenly distributed line laser from focused laser light. Line laser is aimed on the finger longitudinally. NIR camera was used for image acquisition. 200 index finger vein images from 20 candidates are collected. Same finger vein pattern extraction algorithm was used to evaluate two sets of images. Acquired images from proposed non-contact system do not show any non-uniform illumination in contrary with conventional system. Also results of matching are comparable to conventional system. We developed Non-contact finger vein acquisition system. It can prevent potential cross contamination of skin diseases. Also the system can produce uniformly illuminated images unlike conventional system. With the benefit of non-contact, proposed system shows almost equivalent performance compared with conventional system.