WorldWideScience
 
 
1

RSE-40: An Alternate Scoring System for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE).  

Science.gov (United States)

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory (RSE) is a 10-item scale purporting to measure self-esteem using self-acceptance and self-worth statements. This analysis covers concerns about the degree to which the RSE items represent a particular content universe, the RSE's applicability, factor analytic methods used, and the RSE's reliability and validity.…

Wallace, Gaylen R.

2

Factorial Validity and Invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among Portuguese Youngsters  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability, factorial validity and measurement invariance (across gender, age and physical activity participation) of a Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The sample consisted of 1,763 Portuguese youngsters (731 male and 1,032 female) with ages between 15 and 20 years.…

Vasconcelos-Raposo, Jose; Fernandes, Helder Miguel; Teixeira, Carla M.; Bertelli, Rosangela

2012-01-01

3

Measurement invariance of Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale between British and Chinese college students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in college students from Britain (N=150) and China (N=205). Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that the two-factor model, which consisted of a positive self-image factor and a negative self-image factor, could fit the data better than single factor structure especially after deleting the eighth item. Furthermore, factorial structure was invariant across groups in configural level ...

Luo, Chengwen

2010-01-01

4

Self-esteem in adolescent patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during open-label atomoxetine treatment: psychometric evaluation of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and clinical findings  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To report on (1) psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) studied in adolescents with ADHD, (2) correlations of SES with ADHD scale scores, and (3) change in patient-reported self-esteem with atomoxetine treatment. ADHD patients (12–17 years), treated in an open-label study for 24 weeks. Secondary analyses on ADHD symptoms (assessed with ADHD-RS, CGI, GIPD scales) and self-esteem (SES) were performed. One hundred and fifty-nine patients were treated. A dichotomous ...

Dittmann, Ralf W.; Wehmeier, Peter M.; Schacht, Alexander; Lehmann, Martin; Lehmkuhl, Gerd

2009-01-01

5

Organization-based self-esteem scale – adaptation in an international context  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We report on a study in which the English-language original of a scale on the measurement of organization-based self-esteem was adapted infive further languages (German, Polish, Hungarian, Spanish, Malay and validated. The employees of an international company were surveyedin seven countries (USA, Canada, Germany, Poland, Spain, Hungary and Malaysia. For purposes of validation, the job satisfaction, the selfratedjob performance and the support of the employees in implementing the company values (commitment were used. The results show thatthe adaptation proceeded successfully. In all cases, a reliable scale emerges, which correlates positively with the validity criteria.

Kanning, U. P.

2012-05-01

6

Self-esteem and Individual Wealth  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem measures confidence in one’s abilities. Prior literature has shown that higher self-esteem can also affect individual financial decision making through an increased willingness to invest in risky assets and motivation to enhance self image through wealth accumulation. However, self-esteem can also lead to wealth-destroying investment behaviors due to overconfidence and an unwillingness to accept inevitable losses. Using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale included in the National Lo...

2008-01-01

7

Story on Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... mysterious thing? It's your self-esteem! What Is Self-Esteem? Self-esteem can have a big part to ... can still have great self-esteem! Continue Why Self-Esteem Is Important Self-esteem isn't like a ...

8

Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult include Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Janis-Field Feeling of Inadequacy Scale, and these for children include Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope's 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for children, and Kid- KINDL®. Other methods include Ziller Social Self-Esteem Scale and Implicit Association Test. The development of children's self-esteem is heavily influenced by their environment, that is, their homes, neighborhoods, and schools. Children with damaged self-esteem are at risk of developing psychological and social problems, which hinders recovery from low self-esteem. Thus, to recover low self-esteem, it is important for children to accumulate a series of successful experiences to create a positive concept of self. Evaluating children's self-esteem can be an effective method for understanding their past and present circumstances, and useful to treat for children with psychosomatic disorders.

Hosogi Mizuho

2012-03-01

9

Adolescent Self-Esteem, Attachment and Loneliness  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To assess self-esteem, loneliness and attachment styles among adolescents and examine their association with each other and with age and gender. Method: Adolescents (55 males and 55 females) from a public school in Delhi, aged 10-13 years were administered Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (School Form), Attachment Scale and UCLA…

Dhal, Anubha; Bhatia, Sangeeta; Sharma, Vidhi; Gupta, Priyanka

2007-01-01

10

Damaged Self-Esteem is Associated with Internalizing Problems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and loneliness were examined. Participants were 95 young female adults (M= 21.2 years, SD = 1.88 enrolled in higher education. We administered the IAT to assess implicit self-esteem, and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale to measure explicit self-esteem while psychological problems were assessed through self-reports. Results showed that discrepancies between implicit and explicit self-esteem were positively associated with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. In addition, the direction of the discrepancy was specifically relevant: damaged self-esteem (i.e., high implicit self-esteem and low explicit self-esteem was consistently associated with increased levels of depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. In contrast, defensive or fragile self-esteem (i.e., low implicit and high explicit self-esteem was solely associated with loneliness. These findings provide further support that specifically damaged self-esteem is an important vulnerability marker for depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness.

DaanCreemers

2013-04-01

11

Bullies Beat Down Self Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... Self Esteem Safety & Prevention Listen Bullies Beat Down Self Esteem Article Body Everyday when fifth period gym rolls ... herself in a positive light. A teen whose self-esteem is shot may start to believe what the ...

12

Justified Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper develops a thread of argument from previous contributions to this journal by Richard Smith and Ruth Cigman about the educational salience of self-esteem. It is argued--contra Smith and Cigman--that the social science conception of self-esteem does serve a useful educational function, most importantly in undermining the inflated…

Kristjansson, Kristjan

2007-01-01

13

A social work study on the effects of self-esteem games on elementary female self-esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Researchers and clinicians from many disciplines are interested in learning more about the effects of self-esteem. Self-esteem affects motivation, functional behavior, and life satisfaction, and it is associated with well-being throughout life, significantly. What individuals choose to do and the way they do it in part may depend on their self-esteem and it can also fulfill the aims of mental health. This paper presents an investigation to determine the effect of play on children’s self-esteem and surveys appropriate interventions in this area. This study was semi experimental and the sample was 3rd grade elementary students who were randomly assigned into control (n=15 and experimental (n=15 groups. The instrument was Rosenberg self-esteem scale [Rosenberg, M. (1965. Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSE. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Measures Package, 61.]. Independent variable was 12 group sessions of self-esteem games executed among experimental group. Data was analyzed with univariate analysis of covariance. Results showed that self-esteem games in ? ? 0.05 were affected on self-esteem of children. Self-esteem game can be effective intervention for children self-esteem that with them control of factors such as time and children interactions with parent and teachers in future investigations could lead to greater confidence in its effectiveness discussed.

Samaneh Moein

2013-10-01

14

Parenting and Adolescents’ Self-Esteem: The Portuguese Context  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study analyzes the relationships between parenting styles and adolescent’s psychosocial adjustment (self-esteem) in the Portuguese culture. The sample was of 517 adolescents, 214 males (41.39 %), and aged 11 to 18 years. We used the Parental Socialization Scale (ESPA29) to assess the parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and negligent), and the Multidimensional Self-esteem Scale Form-5 (AF5) that assesses five dimensions of self-esteem: academic, social, emotional, ...

Rodrigues, Yara; Veiga, Feliciano; Fuentes, Mari?a C.; Garci?a, Fernando

2013-01-01

15

EXAMINING BADMINTON ATHLETES’ SELF-ESTEEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine badminton athletes’ self-esteem according to some variables. The research was carried out in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship where 12 clubs and 87 athletes participated in 2009. 42 national and 14 non-national totaly 56 badminton athletes whose mean age 18.78±3.46 that participated in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship in 2009 constitute our research sample. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, that was developed by Rosenberg (1963 and adapted to Turkish by Çuhadaroglu was used to gather tha data. The data were analyzed by using the techniques such as desriptive statistics, bivariate correlation and Mann Whitney U test. Results showed that national athletes’ self-esteem points are higher than non-national athletes, there is positive and significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and age, there is significant difference in athletes’ self-esteem points according to gender in favour of female badminton athletes, there is no significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and competitor year, education, number of training day and interest to sport.

EYLEM GENCER

2012-04-01

16

Self-Esteem: A Model.  

Science.gov (United States)

Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology theory is actually a theory of self-esteem psychology. For Adler the most important motivating force for behavior is a striving for superiority. A self-esteem theory of deviance was developed with the underlying proposition being that low self-esteem is the basic psychodynamic mechanism underlying deviance. For…

Steffenhagen, R. A.

17

Self-esteem in Children with Psychosomatic Symptoms: Examination of Low Self-esteem and Prognosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. We evaluated self-esteem in 56 patients at the Department of Pediatrics of Okayama University Hospital who were undergoing outpatient therapy for psychosomatic symptoms, using Pope's 5-scale test of self-esteem for children. We examined patient attributes, course of therapy, and social adjustment. Patients with low self-esteem on multiple scales at the first visit were all female, and these patients had a significantly higher frequency of family function problems, such as a family member with a psychiatric disorder, economic hardship, or experience of child abuse. Moreover, the prognosis for these patients was poor regardless of their social adjustment at the first visit.

Hosogi,Mizuho

2007-10-01

18

Dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dental aesthetics and self-esteem inadolescents.Methods: The sample was 387 randomly selected high school adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. A clinicalexamination to evaluate dental aesthetics was conducted using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI. Self-esteem was assessedwith the Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included a descriptive analysis and means comparison, whichwas made through t-Student and ANOVA tests. DAI was correlated to Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale with Spearman’s rankcorrelation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed by using the SPSS program version 17.Results: The mean DAI score was 34.2 (SD=14.2 and self-esteem was 22.6 (SD=4.6. The low socioeconomic status(SES group had the highest levels of DAI and the lowest levels of self-esteem. A weak, but statistically significant, negativecorrelation was found between DAI scores and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (r=-0.1, p0.05. Regarding gender, in female individualsa negative weak correlation (r=-0.14, p0.05.Conclusions: The outcomes generated by this investigation can improve our understanding of how the correlationbetween dental aesthetics and self-esteem may fluctuate because of the SES variability.

Ginna Mabel Muñoz

2011-11-01

19

The Self-Esteem Test for Adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study intended to explore construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents and update psychometric properties found in previous studies. 1581 Mexican students (850 women and 731 men of a public high school in Mexico City responded to the scale. The sample was split randomly in half. EFA was applied using one sample´s data, and CFA to the other sample´s data. The model, assumed to underlie responses to the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents, satisfactorily fit the data, confirming a structure of 4 factors: self-cognitions, competence cognitions, family relations and rage. Results of the present study corroborate previous data concerning content, criterion-related and construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents.

Joaquín Caso Niebla

2011-05-01

20

The School Short-Form Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory: Revised and Improved  

Science.gov (United States)

The school short form of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory is a widely used measure of children's global self-esteem. Unlike the full-length scale, however, it has been generally understood that the short form does not allow differentiation between the major individual sources of self-esteem. The present study has examined the internal…

Hills, Peter R.; Francis, Leslie J.; Jennings, Penelope

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Loneliness and Their Relationship to Explicit and Implicit Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and loneliness, especially whether the discrepancies between explicit and implicit self-esteem was associated with loneliness. In the present study, UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem

Yuanyan Hu; Yule Jin; Chunmei Hu; Huamin He

2013-01-01

22

Body Image and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... really bring down your self-esteem. Why Are Self-Esteem and Body Image Important? Self-esteem is all ... linked to self-esteem. What Influences a Person's Self-Esteem? Puberty and Development Some people struggle with their ...

23

Self-esteem and earnings  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent research in economics suggests a positive association between self-esteem and earnings. A major problem in this literature is that from simple cross-sectional wage regressions it is not possible to conclude that self-esteem has a causal impact on earnings. While classical measurement error leads to an attenuation bias, reverse causality and omitted variable are likely to drive the OLS coefficient on self-esteem upward. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) that adminis...

Drago, Francesco

2008-01-01

24

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.

Ernest Afari

2012-03-01

25

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This article examines the relationship between middle school students' experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending…

Patchin, Justin W.; Hinduja, Sameer

2010-01-01

26

Family factors of self-esteem stability in adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of investigations was to examine what upbringing styles and socio-economic parameters correlate with adolescents’ unstable self-esteem. Self-esteem is an evaluative measure of self-concept whose stability in time reflects personality’s autonomy and integrity. Using the sample of 280 secondary school students, the SSES scale was administered twice, at a 30-day interval, the EMBU scale of upbringing styles, a questionnaire with general data on respondents and socioeconomic parameters. It proved that upbringing style and parental tenderness (of both father and mother correlate with unstable self-esteem in adolescents. Significant correlation between upbringing styles and unstable self-esteem was also found in inconsistency, low control and protection on the part of father. Stable self-esteem is significantly negatively correlated with inconsistency of mother. Of diverse socioeconomic parameters, educational level of father and his profession are of critical importance for stable self-esteem. Upbringing styles produce greater influence on self-esteem level than socio-economic parameters do.

Todorovi? Jelisaveta A.

2005-01-01

27

Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Depression and Bullying among Teenagers in Malaysia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study examined the moderating role of self-esteem in the relationship between depression and bullying among teenagers. The participants of the study were 242 teenagers aged 13 to 16 years, from selected secondary schools in Selangor, Malaysia. Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, while teenage depression was measured with the Children Depression Inventory and bullying was measured using the Bully sub scale of the Peer Relationship Questionnaire. Findings of the study indicate no gender differences between males and females in self-esteem. The study further found a negative and medium correlation between depression and self- esteem, self-esteem and bullying and a positive and small correlation between depression and bullying. However, results of the study did not find self-esteem as a moderator. Recommendations of the study highlight the need to explore other variables such as religious and sports involvements as possible moderators in future studies.

Ikechukwu Uba

2010-11-01

28

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999) were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final s...

Ernest Afari; Graeme Ward; Myint Swe Khine

2012-01-01

29

Professional Self-Esteem of Secondary School Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Professional self-esteem is a very important concept that should be highlighted to the professionals because it makes them understand their worthiness, evaluate their expertise and adjust themselves accordingly with their ambience. As far as the teachers are concerned, it becomes more imperative for them to persistently evaluate their competencies in order to perform their model role in their best. This continuous perusal of their professional abilities is the essence of professional self-esteem as it would, undoubtedly, enable them to explore those qualities which are complementary to the vitality of their role as a teacher. The perception of professional self-esteem is very important as it advocates the very essence of professionalism amongst the professionals. This research is mainly focused on professional self-esteem of teachers at secondary level. The major objective of this research is to compare the level of professional self-esteem of teachers (science/arts, rural/urban, male/female at secondary level. Aricak (1999 Professional Self-Esteem Scale was used for this research study. Simple random sampling technique was used to get sample from the population. Data was collected from secondary school teachers of Sahiwal District, who were teaching different subjects of Science and Arts.The response rate was 81% as 203 out of 250 questionnaires were returned. Independent Sample t-test was applied. There is no significant difference in the level of professional self-esteem of Arts and Science teachers and rural and urban teachers, whereas a significant difference is found in the professional self-esteem level of male and female. Female secondary school teachers have high professional self-esteem than male teachers.

Fouzia Tabassum

2012-01-01

30

Developing Your Child's Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... response might be "I can't." What Is Self-Esteem? Self-esteem is similar to self-worth (how ... their test scores. Signs of Unhealthy and Healthy Self-Esteem Self-esteem fluctuates as kids grow. It's frequently ...

31

Family factors of self-esteem stability in adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of investigations was to examine what upbringing styles and socio-economic parameters correlate with adolescents’ unstable self-esteem. Self-esteem is an evaluative measure of self-concept whose stability in time reflects personality’s autonomy and integrity. Using the sample of 280 secondary school students, the SSES scale was administered twice, at a 30-day interval, the EMBU scale of upbringing styles, a questionnaire with general data on respondents and socioeconomic parameter...

Todorovi? Jelisaveta A.

2005-01-01

32

Self-esteem is associated with premorbid adjustment and positive psychotic symptoms in early psychosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Low levels of self-esteem have been implicated as both a cause and a consequence of severe mental disorders. The main aims of the study were to examine whether premorbid adjustment has an impact on the subject's self-esteem, and whether lowered self-esteem contributes to the development of delusions and hallucinations. Method A total of 113 patients from the Thematically Organized Psychosis research study (TOP were included at first treatment. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS was used to assess present symptoms. Premorbid adjustment was measured with the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS and self-esteem by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES. Results Premorbid social adjustment was significantly related to lower self-esteem and explained a significant proportion of the variance in self-esteem. Self-esteem was significantly associated with the levels of persecutory delusions and hallucinations experienced by the patient and explained a significant proportion of the variance even after adjusting for premorbid functioning and depression. Conclusion There are reasons to suspect that premorbid functioning is an important aspect in the development of self- esteem, and, furthermore, that self-esteem is associated with the development of delusions and hallucinations.

Haug Elisabeth

2011-08-01

33

[The use of aromatherapy to improve self-esteem].  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of this study were to verify if inhaling rose and ylang-ylang essential oils has any effect on one's perception of self-esteem, and compare their efficiency. The study was approved by the University of São Paulo Hospital Research Ethics Committee. Participants were 43 workers from the Sanitation Department and from the Materials and Sterilization Center, and the study took place from May to July 2009. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: two that received the essential oils and a third that received placebo (rose essence). The self-esteem evaluation was performed using a scale validated in Brazil, which was applied before using the aromas, as well as 30 and 60 days after the use. Results showed that the sample consisted of 88.6% individuals with medium and high self-esteem, and that the essential oils did not make any significant changes to their perception of self-esteem. PMID:22031371

Gnatta, Juliana Rizzo; Zotelli, Maria Filomena Mourão; Carmo, Dulce Regina Batista; Lopes, Cristiane de Lion Botero Couto; Rogenski, Noemi Marisa Brunet; da Silva, Maria Júlia Paes

2011-10-01

34

Social support and self-esteem in unemployed university graduates.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the length of time of unemployment and the self-esteem and general life satisfaction of university graduates. The second aim was to examine the function of social support during the period of unemployment. The sample consisted of 98 unemployed university graduates (67 females and 31 males). The measure of self-esteem consisted of the adapted Rosenberg scale. The instruments for assessment of general life satisfaction and social support were developed by the authors of this study. Results showed that length of unemployment, contrary to previous findings, was not related to self-esteem and general life satisfaction. Social support of the parents and the partner was associated with higher self-esteem of unemployed university graduates. PMID:8874614

Lackovi?-Grgin, K; Dekovi?, M; Milosavljevi?, B; Cvek-Sori?, I; Opaci?, G

1996-01-01

35

Comparative Self-Esteem of Blacks and Whites in Segregated and Integrated Dyads. Technical Report No. 73-1.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study is to provide information concerning the self esteem of blacks and whites under conditions of integrative and segregative simulated work groups. Subjects were 96 undergraduate students, half black and half white, who performed three laboratory tasks. Ziller's self esteem scales were used to measure the self esteem of…

Ruhe, John A.; Hill, Walter

36

Parenting styles and adolescents' self-esteem in Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the relationship between parenting styles and self-esteem among 1,239 11- to 15-yr.-old Brazilian adolescents (54% girls; M age= 13.4 yr., SD= 1.4). Teenagers' families were classified into 1 of 4 groups (Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, or Neglectful) based on adolescents' answers to the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Scale. Participants completed the AF5 Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale which appraises five dimensions: Academic, Social, Emotional, Family, and Physical. Analyses showed that Brazilian adolescents from Indulgent families scored equal (Academic and Social) or higher (Family) in Self-esteem than adolescents from Authoritative families. Adolescents from Indulgent families scored higher than adolescents from Authoritarian and Neglectful families in four Self-esteem dimensions, Academic, Social, Family, and Physical. Adolescents from Authoritative families scored higher than adolescents from Authoritarian and Neglectful families in three Self-esteem dimensions, Academic, Social, and Family. These results suggest that Authoritative parenting is not associated with optimum self-esteem in Brazil. PMID:17688087

Martínez, Isabel; García, José Fernando; Yubero, Santiago

2007-06-01

37

Avaliação da autoestima de gestantes com uso da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg Evaluación de la autoestima de gestantes con uso de la escala de autoestima de Rosemberg Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's self-esteem scale  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo descritivo e transversal foi avaliar a autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas em programa de pré-natal de um hospital público de ensino. Os dados foram colhidos usando-se a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; a autoestima insatisfatória foi relacionada a variáveis sócio-demográficas, de saúde da gestante e da presença ou não de sistemas de apoio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e análise univariada, buscando possíveis associações. As gestantes com autoestima insatisfatória totalizaram 60% da amostra. Em relação aos dados sócio-demográficos, as mulheres com menor escolaridade apresentaram maior frequência de escores de autoestima insatisfatória, divergindo de resultados de outros estudos. As gestantes que referiram gestação não planejada apresentaram maior prevalência de autoestima insatisfatória do que aquelas que referiram tê-la planejado. A ausência de apoio do parceiro para cuidar do filho após seu nascimento também esteve associada a menor autoestima nas grávidas. Não foram encontradas relações estatisticamente significativas para as demais variáveis estudadas.El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo y transversal fue evaluar la autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas en el programa prenatal de un hospital público de enseñanza. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; la autoestima insatisfactoria se relacionó con variables socio-demográficas, de salud de la gestante y de la existencia o no de sistemas de apoyo. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico descriptivo y a análisis univariado, buscando posibles asociaciones. Las gestantes con autoestima insatisfactoria totalizaron el 60 % de la muestra. En relación a los datos socio-demográficos, las mujeres con menor escolarización presentaron mayor frecuencia de puntajes de autoestima insatisfactoria, divergiendo de resultados de otros estudios. Las gestantes que refirieron embarazo no planificado presentaron mayor prevalencia de autoestima insatisfactoria respecto de aquellas que refirieron haber planeado su gravidez. La ausencia de apoyo del compañero para cuidar del hijo con posterioridad al nacimiento también estuvo asociada a menor autoestima en las embarazadas. No se encontraron relaciones estadísticamente significativas para las demás variables estudiadas.The objective of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-esteem of 127 pregnant women seen in a prenatal care program conducted in a public school hospital. Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio-demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems. Descriptive and univariate statistical analysis were used to assess possible associations. Pregnant women who had low scores for self-esteem were 60% of all subjects. As for the socio-demographic data, women with fewer years of education presented higher frequency of lower self-esteem scores, which disagrees with other studies. Pregnant women who report having an unplanned pregnancy presented higher prevalence of low self-esteem than those who reported having planned their pregnancy. The lack of support from the partner to look after the baby was also associated to the pregnant women's low self-esteem. Other associations between variables were not statistically significant.

Ligia Maçola

2010-09-01

38

Ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among tertiary education students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined the relationships between ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students at a higher learning institution. These relationships were examined among a sample of 144 respondents. The multigroup ethnic identity measure, the collective self-esteem scale and the academic self-efficacy scale were used to measure ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy, respectively. Positive correlations were found be...

Thomas, Tsholofelo Angela

2011-01-01

39

Self Esteem, Locus of Control and Multidimensional Perfectionism as the Predictors of Subjective Well Being  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a relationship between self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism, and the extent to which the variables of self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism contribute to the prediction of subjective well-being. The study was carried out with 318 final year (fourth grade) university students. Subjective Well-Being Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rotter Internal External Locus of Contr...

Zeynep Karatas; Ozlem Tagay

2012-01-01

40

Implications of Adolescents’ Acculturation Strategies for Personal and Collective Self-esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Berry, Trimble, and Olmedo’s (1986) acculturation model was used to investigate the relationship among adolescents’ acculturation strategies, personal self-esteem, and collective self-esteem. Using data from 427 high school students, factor analysis results distinguished Collective Self-esteem Scale constructs (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992) from both ethnic identity and outgroup orientation subscales of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (Phinney, 1992). Subsequent results showed that: 1)...

Giang, Michael T.; Wittig, Michele A.

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Effects of Swimming on Self-Esteem among Female College Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aims to determine changes in the self-esteem levels of female college students in relation to their swimming skills. The results of the study were obtained from of 141 female college students enrolled at the University of Kebangsaan Malaysia. Breaststroke was used in order to evaluate their swimming skills, whereas the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) questionnaire was used to evaluate their self-esteem levels for experimental and control groups. The analysis and observations con...

Tajul Arifin Muhamad; Hasti Sattari; Fariba Hossein Abadi

2013-01-01

42

Effects of Swimming on Self-Esteem among Female College Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to determine changes in the self-esteem levels of female college students in relation to their swimming skills. The results of the study were obtained from of 141 female college students enrolled at the University of Kebangsaan Malaysia. Breaststroke was used in order to evaluate their swimming skills, whereas the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES questionnaire was used to evaluate their self-esteem levels for experimental and control groups. The analysis and observations confirmed the correlation between the level of self-esteem experienced in the water and swimming skills. The results showed that learning how to swim increases the self-esteem among female college students. We suggest that taking up this activity might have benefits for students with low levels of self-esteem.

Tajul Arifin Muhamad

2013-11-01

43

Adaptação tanscultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes / Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo propõe a padronização da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg (1956/1989) para adolescentes residentes de um bairro urbano do Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo), através do estudo de adaptação transcultural (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998). A amostra foi composta por 266 adolescentes escolares d [...] as 7ª/8ª séries do Ensino Fundamental e 1º/2º anos do Ensino Médio da rede pública e particular do referido município. As seguintes equivalências foram avaliadas: conceitual e de itens, semântica (significado referencial e geral), de mensuração (confiabilidade teste-reteste, consistência interna, análise fatorial e validade de construto), operacional e funcional. Foram encontrados bons resultados para equivalência semântica, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0.68, Kappa predominantemente moderado e regular, e a análise fatorial proposta é de duas estruturas fatoriais (baixa e alta auto-estima). Na validade de construto, a escala correlacionou-se significativa e positivamente com apoio social, e inversamente com vitimização de violência psicológica, violência ocorrida entre pais e entre os irmãos. Os resultados indicam a aplicabilidade da escala na população de referência, sugerindo a necessidade do desenvolvimento de outros trabalhos em amostras distintas. Abstract in english The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998) of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo). The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and [...] of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning), measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity) and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem). Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q., Avanci; Simone G., Assis; Nilton César dos, Santos; Rachel V. C., Oliveira.

44

The Relationship between Conflict Communication, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction in University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study used a survey model to analyze 306 university students to investigate relationship between life satisfaction, self-esteem and conflict communication. Data were collected from the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and Conflict Communication Scale. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were…

Arslan, Coskun; Hamarta, Erdal; Uslu, Mustafa

2010-01-01

45

Self-Esteem among Adult Literacy Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate adult literacy education learners' self-esteem and to examine the relationship between self-esteem and measures of achievement in reading and math. The rationale for the present study stemmed from the lack of research into adult literacy students' self-esteem levels. More than 200 learners enrolled in…

Lipnevich, Anastasiya; Beder, Hal

2007-01-01

46

A Brief Primer on Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the construct of "self-esteem" was first introduced over 100 years ago, a wealth of knowledge has been accumulated. Several conclusions about the nature of self-esteem can be reached that provide a foundation for future practice and research. In general, research shows that high self-esteem is associated with the behaviors, goals, and coping…

Robins, Richard W.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Donnellan, M. Brent

2012-01-01

47

The Educational Importance of Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Some philosophers of education have recently argued that educators can more or less ignore children's global self-esteem without failing them educationally in any important way. This paper draws on an attachment theoretic account of self-esteem to argue that this view is mistaken. I argue that understanding self-esteem's origins in attachment…

Ferkany, Matt

2008-01-01

48

Loneliness and Self-Esteem as Mediators between Social Support and Life Satisfaction in Late Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined both the mediation effects of loneliness and self-esteem for the relationship between social support and life satisfaction. Three hundred and eighty nine Chinese college students, ranging in age from 17 to 25 (M = 20.39), completed the emotional and social loneliness scale, the self-esteem scale, the satisfaction with life…

Kong, Feng; You, Xuqun

2013-01-01

49

The Prevalence of Low Self-Esteem in an Intellectually Disabled Forensic Population  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This was a quantitative study to measure the prevalence low self-esteem in an intellectually disabled forensic population. The dependent variables used were the adapted six-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the adapted Evaluative Beliefs Scale. It had a repeated measures design with independent variables including consideration of…

Johnson, P.

2012-01-01

50

Racial Identity, Phenotype, and Self-Esteem among Biracial Polynesian/White Individuals  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined racial identity, self-esteem, and phenotype among biracial Polynesian/White adults. Eighty-four Polynesian/White persons completed the Biracial Identity Attitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, and a Polynesian phenotype scale. Profile analyses showed participants identified more with their Polynesian parent. A…

Allen, G. E. Kawika; Garriott, Patton O.; Reyes, Carla J.; Hsieh, Catherine

2013-01-01

51

INNER VOICE DAN SELF-ESTEEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study had been done to comprehend inner voice phenomena in psychopathology, especially suicide ideation in normal people. Using quantitative method, inner voice and self-esteem instruments have been developed and given to 196 students Faculty of Psychology Universitas Indonesia. The results showed that there is significant correlation between inner voice and self esteem and no sex differences in inner voice and self esteem between participants. In general, subjects inner voice state is in underestimate self-esteem, despite most of the subjects have high self-esteem.

Mellia Christia

2007-06-01

52

Studying wildlife at local and landscape scales: Bachman's Sparrows at the Savannah River Site  

Science.gov (United States)

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, mutual research interests between land managers at the Savannah River Site and biologists at the University of Georgia resulted in a landscape-ecology study of the Bachman's Sparrow (Aimophila aestivalis). This species had been declining throughout its range for several decades and was considered a species of management concern by the U.S. Forest Service. The reasons for its decline were obscure, but the distribution of suitable habitat across complex landscapes was a possible factor. Thus the species seemed well suited for a pioneer study on landscape influences on avian population dynamics. A cooperative research program developed from these mutual interests, including quantifying the landscape and local habitat patterns shown by the sparrow, spatially explicit modeling of population response to landscape change, and demographic field studies of reproductive success, survivorship and dispersal. These studies are summarized, and the value of the research to both management and research interests is discussed.

Dunning, J.B., Jr.; Danielson, B.J.; Watts, B.D.; Liu, L.; Krementz, D.G.

2000-01-01

53

Relationship of Masculinity-Femininity to Dependency and Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Unconscious masculinity-femininity, dependency and self-esteem were respectively measured, in two group-testing sessions per child, by the short form of the Franck Drawing Completion Test, the Group Personality Projective Test, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Subjects were 122 sixth and seventh grade white working-class boys and girls from an…

Kameya, Mary Morris; Nadelman, Lorraine

54

Hubungan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Kajian ini bertujuan mengenalpasti hubungan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem. Kajian ini juga dijalankan untuk mengenalpasti perbezaan antara faktor demografi terpilih iaitu jantina, umur dan pangkat dengan self-esteem, mengenalpasti hubungan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan terhadap self-esteem. Soalselidik diedarkan kepada 219 anggota tentera di Markas 3 Briged Kem Penrissen Kuching, Sarawak.. Ujian–t tidak bersandar dan ujian ANOVA sehala digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis berkaitan perbezaan antara faktor demografi dengan self-esteem. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan antara umur dengan self-esteem dan pangkat dengan self-esteem. Hanya faktor demografi jantina yang tidak menunjukkan perbezaan yang signifikan dengan selfesteem. Pengkaji mendapati hubungan yang wujud antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem adalah tidak linear, maka Pekali Spearman Rho telah digunakan untuk menguji hubungan di antara kedua-dua pembolehubah tersebut. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem. Pekali Pearson Product-Moment pula digunakan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan dengan self-esteem. Hasil dari penganalisisan mendapati bahawa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan dengan self-esteem.

Suriyani Binti Yahya

2009-06-01

55

Investigating The Self-Esteem of Elemantary Boarding Scholls’ Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, the second-tier regional boarding primary schools, students are receiving education and self-esteem levels of age, gender, type of study, academic achievement and significant differences according to the variables whether or not to take disciplinary action were investigated. 2010-2011 academic research in the regional boarding primary schools are receiving education in Erzurum, which was carried out on 428 students. Piers and Harris to collect data from the study (1964, developed by the self-esteem scale has been used in children. T-test analysis of the data, one-way analysis of variance and LSD post hoc test technique was used. Research students' self-esteem levels as a result of the type of learning, academic achievement and significant differences were identified according to their discipline.

Muhammet Ç?FTÇ?

2012-04-01

56

Parental styles and the stability of self-esteem in adolescence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Relationship between parents and children is significantly important for the forming of identity and its affective component of self-esteem. High and stable self-esteem is being developed in certain family conditions through parental influences to which a child is exposed within a family. In this research the results of a role of different parental styles have been presented in forming of stable self-esteem in adolescents. The research has been done in eight secondary school in Niš. The sample was done on N=280 pupils with Global Self-Esteem Rosenberg's scale, and EMBU parental styles scale of Perris-Arrindell's version. This research has shown that stable self-esteem in adolescents is being connected to mother’s emotional warmth and acceptance through the process of parenting. Unstable self-evaluations are connected to inconsistency and overprotection, while rejection leads to stable, but low self-evaluations.

Todorovi? Jelisaveta A.

2004-01-01

57

Perceived Social Support and Self-Esteem towards Gender Roles: Contributing Factors in Adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aims to examine the relationship between self-esteem and perceived social support among the Malaysian adolescents. Gender differences of perceived social support and self-esteem among the respondents were also investigated. To achieve the objectives of the study, a survey was conducted with a relatively large (n=460 random samples of adolescents, aged 16-20, drawn from schools, colleges and universities in Malaysia. The Self-esteem Rating Scale (SERS and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS were used in the study. The results indicated that there were no gender differences in perceived social support and self-esteem among adolescents. However, a positive correlation was found between perceived social support and self-esteem. The study also found peer support was the highest form of perceived social support.

Cai-Lian Tam

2011-07-01

58

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EGO-IDENTITY STATUS AND SELF ESTEEM OF HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study seeks to measure the relationship between identity statuses and self esteem of higher secondary students. The normative survey method has been followed for the present study. The samples of the study were 800 adolescents' students studying higher secondary in Cuddalore District of Tamilnadu, India. The sample includes 410 boys and 390 girls. The random sampling technique has been followed for the present study. The ego-identity scale constructed and validated by investigator and self esteem scale standardized by Anne Betts (1995 has been used for the present study. The findings of the study indicate that the self esteem is negatively correlated with identity diffusion. It further indicates that the self esteem is positively correlated with identity achievement. There is no significant correlation between self esteem and the identity statuses such as, identity foreclosure, and identity moratorium.

D. Janarthanam

2014-04-01

59

EVALUATION OF VOCATIONAL SELF ESTEEM LEVELS OF THE TURKISH COACHES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to evaluate vocational self esteem levels of the coaches of individual sports or team sports. We tried to investigate whether there was a significant difference between vocational self esteem levels and such variables as age, gender, employment status, professional-working-time, educational status and sport type.“Vocational Self Esteem Scale” developed by Ar?cak (1999 and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher were used in order to determine the vocational self esteem of the coaches. The population of the research was consisted of coaches employed at Province Directorates of Youth and Sports (from 81 cities across Turkey. The sample of the research was made up by a total of 360 coaches (73 female coaches and 287 male coaches out of 31 different sport types who were working actively in 38 city centers and were selected with random sampling method.It was found out that the difference was between the coaches aged 26-30 and those aged 31-35 and vocational self esteem levels of the coaches aged 31-35 was significantly higher. Also, there was a statistically significant difference between the coaches aged 26-30 and those aged 36-40 and vocational self esteem levels of the coaches aged 36-40 was significantly higher compared to those aged 26-30.To sum up, Turkish coaches had moderate vocational self perception. However, we thought that it would be inappropriate to make any generalizations in light of the results of the present research, which was conducted with the Turkish coaches for the first time.

Yunus YILDIRIM

2012-08-01

60

Predictors of global self-esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study is based on a measure of global self-esteem developed by Rosenberg (1965). The aims are (1) to investigate in an adult population the concept of self-esteem as defined by Rosenberg, (2) to develop measures for examining qualitative differences within this global concept, (3) to map out qualitative differences in self-esteem for the sample of adults involved in the study. Antonovsky (1979) provides the theoretical basis for measures to examine qualitative differences. These include a...

Jaari, Aini

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

The Effects of Selected Aerobic Exercise Modalities on Self Esteem among Female Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-esteem is fundamental component in psychological health and is affected with dynamics of physical exercise. This study explore the effects of selected aerobic exercise programs on self esteem and attempts to determine the most effective aerobic exercise program in boosting self-esteem. This study uses the experimental design on a sample of 120 female undergraduate students. The instruments used were the Self-Esteem Scale. Data was analyzed using inferential statistics. t-test conducted shows significant differences in self-esteem score between pretest and posttest in all modalities of aerobic exercise programs. Analysis of variance reveals that there is a significant difference (F=81.299, p<0.01 between the four modalities of aerobic exercise programs, and post hoc test shows that combination of step-dance aerobics and weight training program is most effective in increasing self esteem among female students. Results of this study contribute to developing the role of aerobic exercise in improving self esteem. It is also useful in assisting to develop policies and programs that enhance self esteem.

Norlena Salamuddin

2014-02-01

62

Contingent Self-Esteem and Race: Implications for the Black Self-Esteem Advantage  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research has found that despite being aware of negative stereotypes about their group and experiencing prejudice and discrimination, Blacks tend to report higher levels of self-esteem than Whites. Despite the robust nature of the Black self-esteem advantage, an adequate explanation for the higher self-esteem of Blacks relative to Whites…

Zeigler-Hill, Virgil

2007-01-01

63

The Effect of a Camp Experience on Self Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two groups of American adolescents of Greek descent (12-15 year olds N=90 and 16-18 year olds N=166) at an Orthodox Christian Camp in Greece responded to the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (1965). Campers took the test on the first day of camp (pretest) and then two weeks later at the camp's conclusion (posttest). All subjects showed a significant…

Dorian, Alexia Eve

64

Does Self-Esteem Affect Seniors' Health?  

Science.gov (United States)

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Does Self-Esteem Affect Seniors' Health? Small study tied higher levels ... March 17, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- High levels of self-esteem might mean better health for seniors, according to ...

65

Self-Esteem and Service Learning.  

Science.gov (United States)

Maintains that self-esteem is more than simply "feeling good" about oneself. It derives from having experienced meaningful success. A service learning program can accomplish this and avoid the self-preoccupation and narcissism that occasionally accompany self-esteem efforts. Service learning can replace this with empathy and commitment. (MJP)

Pereira, Carolyn

1997-01-01

66

Self-Esteem in Deaf Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Comparison of self-esteem ratings of deaf adolescents (N=56) by adolescents and both parents (56 hearing and 56 deaf parents) on the Self Description Questionnaire III showed that adolescents with deaf parents generally rated themselves higher than did adolescents with hearing parents of global, same sex, and opposite sex self-esteem. (CB)

Yachnik, Michael

1986-01-01

67

???????????????? The Relationship between Parent-Child Communication, Self-Esteem and Anxiety among Junior School Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????750????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????3 ????????????????????????????????????30.5%???????????????????6.3%?4 ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? To explore the relationship between parent-child communication, self-esteem and anxiety among junior school students, a test about self-rating anxiety scale. Self-esteem scale was made among 750 junior one and two students in Shenzhen. From the research, we get the results: 1 The scores of boys’ open parent-child communication is higher than girls, but there was no significant difference in parent-child communication problems; and the significant difference does not exist between open communication and problem of parent-child of only child and non-only child; 2 It shows positive relationship between open communication and self-esteem, and a negative relationship with anxiety; there is a negative relationship between self-esteem and communication of problems, and a positive relationship with anxiety; 3 Self-esteem and communication in problems of parent-child could significantly predict the level of anxiety of junior middle school students, the two variables can explain the total variance of 30.5%, the problem of communication between parents and children can only explain 6.3% of total variance; 4 Self-esteem plays an intermediary role in the relationship between parent-child communication and anxiety, play a mediating effect between self-esteem and communication in open parent-child and anxiety among them, don’t play intermediary role between parents and children to communicate with anxiety problems.

??

2013-03-01

68

Preliminary Assessment of Apache Hopefulness: Relationships with Hopelessness and with Collective as well as Personal Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Hopelessness is central to prominent mental health problems within American Indian (AI) communities. Apaches living on a reservation in Arizona responded to diverse expressions of hope along with Hopelessness, Personal Self-Esteem, and Collective Self-Esteem scales. An Apache Hopefulness Scale expressed five themes of hope and correlated…

Hammond, Vanessa Lea; Watson, P. J.; O'Leary, Brian J.; Cothran, D. Lisa

2009-01-01

69

The Prediction Level of Self-Esteem on Humor Style and Positive-Negative Affect  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to analyze if there are significant correlations among self-esteem, humor styles and positive-negative affection and if self esteem significantly predicts humor styles and positive-negative affection. A total of 440 under graduate students (77% female) chosen by random set sampling method participated in this study voluntarily. The mean age of the participants was 20.33 with a standard deviation of 1.73. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Humor Styles Questionnaire and The ...

Zumra Ozyesil

2012-01-01

70

Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Depression and Bullying among Teenagers in Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study examined the moderating role of self-esteem in the relationship between depression and bullying among teenagers. The participants of the study were 242 teenagers aged 13 to 16 years, from selected secondary schools in Selangor, Malaysia. Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, while teenage depression was measured with the Children Depression Inven...

Ikechukwu - Uba; Siti Nor Yaacob; Rumaya Juhari; Mansor Abu Talib

2010-01-01

71

Student self-esteem and academic achievement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is a growing belief that academic achievement is the product of a complex network of teacher-student relations, where the identity of successful and unsuccessful student is developing with high, moderate or low self-esteem level. Self-esteem is most often defined as a conscious cognitive-affective expression of self-evaluation which is one of the most immediate indicators of self-concept integration degree. A number of authors view high self-esteem level as an important prerequisite for...

Miloševi? Nikoleta M.; Ševkuši? Slavica

2005-01-01

72

Does dyselxia affect self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life in university students?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: Previous literature suggests that dyslexia affects self-esteem and self-concept in school children (Humphrey & Mullins, 2004). This study will extend the research into a sample of university students measuring self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life between a dyslexic and non-dyslexic sample, taking gender (males and females) into account. Method: A questionnaire was utilised that included the Burnett Self-Scale, Reading Self-Concept Scale, and the Brief Multidimensio...

Graham, Sarah L.

2009-01-01

73

The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction research, conducted on a sample of 133 high school seniors, consisted of two phases. In phase one, participants were given the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Appearance Satisfaction Scale and Appearance Relevance Scale, and in phase two, one month later, they were exposed to photographs of attractive and unattractive individuals. Two groups of boys and girls each assessed attractive or una...

Puri? Danka; Simi? Nataša; Savanovi? Ljubomir; Kalanj Marko; Jovanovi?-Da?i? Stefan

2011-01-01

74

Money Attitude, Self-esteem, and Compulsive Buying in a Population of Medical Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study tried to determine the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) and to identify among compulsive buyers a specific relation to money, a different buying style, and a lowered level of self-esteem. We included 203 medical students and diagnosed CB with the Mc Elroy criteria and a specific questionnaire. The money attitude was characterized by the Yamauchi and Templer's scale and self-esteem with the Rosenberg scale. 11% of the medical students presented compulsive buying (CB+). Sex ratio...

Lejoyeux, Michel; Richoux-benhaim, Charlotte; Betizeau, Annabelle; Lequen, Vale?rie; Lohnhardt, Hannah

2011-01-01

75

Self-esteem in Children with Psychosomatic Symptoms: Examination of Low Self-esteem and Prognosis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. ...

Hosogi, Mizuho; Okada, Ayumi; Yamanaka, Eriko; Ootyou, Keiko; Tsukamoto, Chiaki; Morishima, Tsuneo

2007-01-01

76

Italian youth subculture: collection, self-esteem, and self-efficacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

63 young people (M age=23.9 yr., SD=2.4, 50 men, 13 women) belonging to four subculture groups (New American Punk, Cyberpunk, Trash Style, and Rasta-Hippy) were studied to examine the relationship between self-esteem, self-efficacy, and the development of a body modification collection. A survey was created to evaluate quality of life, risk behaviour, and body modification. Self-esteem and self-efficacy were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and General Perceived Self-efficacy Scale. Belonging to a group which permits neglect of standard norms of communal life makes it possible to avoid facing up to low self-esteem. Adherence to a group appears, from the results of this study, to be correlated with self-efficacy; inability to cope with life situations suggests a state of malaise in these young people. PMID:15587221

Pravettoni, Gabriella; Miglioretti, Massimo

2004-10-01

77

Impact of Value Structure on Brand Engagement Depending on Degree of Self-Esteem of Adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research demonstrates the relationship between the brand engagement, depending on the structure of values and level of self-esteem in adolescents. The research methods was used: Rosenberg´s Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 1992, 1994, 1999), Brand engagement (Sprott, Czellar, Spangenberg, 2009). The final outcomes showed differences, as well as a certain correlation between the values, which are attributed to adolescents, and engagement attri...

2013-01-01

78

Body Image and Self-Esteem in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction: The study was conducted in order to investigate the effect of disease-related variables, such as socio-demographic characteristics, disease complaints, and necrosis factor (anti-TNF) use, on the body image and self-esteem in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: The data was collected by an Introductory Information Form, Body Image Scale (PfP) BIS and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) in 120 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and in 120 healthy control group. One...

2013-01-01

79

Evaluation of self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore, we aimed to investigate self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients with atopic dermatitis and 33 healthy controls were included in the study. The Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale and the Children’s Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI were used for determining self-esteem and quality of life. The Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD Index was used to assess the severity of atopic dermatitis. Results: It was found that patient group had lower self-esteem than healthy controls according to the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale. A statistically significant difference was observed in happiness/satisfaction and anxiety subscale scores between the patients and healthy controls while there was no significant difference between the other sub-scale scores. Mean value of dermatological quality of life in patients with atopic dermatitis was significantly lower than in healthy controls. A moderate negative correlation was found between self-esteem and CDLQI scores among adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Discussion: This study results have shown that self-esteem and dermatological quality of life were adversely affected in adolescents with atopic dermatitis irrespective of gender. These patients should be examined psychiatrically besides dermatological examination and treatment. We suggest that improvement will be observed in self-esteem and quality of life of adolescents with atopic dermatitis by providing the necessary psychosocial support.

?jlal Erturan

2013-03-01

80

The relationship between economic hardship, self esteem and parental behavior among low-income mothers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This quantitative research attempts to examine the relationships between economic hardship, self-esteem, and parental behavior among low-income mothers. Specifically, the objectives of this research are to: 1 measure the relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem; 2 measure the relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior; 3 measure the relationship between self-esteem and parental behavior; and 4 measure the relationshipbetween demographic aspects such as age and level of income with economic hardship, selfesteem and parental behavior. This research is based on a survey of 110 low-income mothers residing in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. The instrument consisted of three dimensions: Economic Strain Questionnaire (ESQ was used to measure economic hardship; Self-Esteem Inventories (SEI to measure self-esteem; and Parent’s Report Scale (PR to measure parental behavior. The validity and reliability of the entire three dimensions has been measured. The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics which involved mean, percentage, frequency, standard deviation and Pearson-correlation using the Statistical Packages for the SocialSciences (SPSS. The study showed that there was a negative relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem and a negative relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior. On the other hand, there was a positive relationship between self-esteemand parental behavior. The study also showed that there was a significant negative relationship between age and self-esteem, economic hardship, and parental behavior. Meanwhile, level of income was positively associated with self-esteem and parental behavior.

Joki Perdani Sawai

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
81

Emotional Intelligence and Life Satisfaction in Romanian University Students: The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem and Social Support  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines a mediation model for the relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction for students. Self-esteem and social support were used as mediators. The participants were 131 Romanian undergraduate students. Data were collected by using the Wong Law Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Bootstrap analysis showed that both self-esteem and social support partially mediated the relationship between EI and life satisfaction. Implications for future research and limitations of the present findings are discussed.

Patricia Luciana RUNCAN

2013-03-01

82

Self-esteem and Stress Coping among Proficiency Certificate Level Nursing Students in Nursing Campus Maharajgunj and Lalitpur Nursing Campu.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Nursing requires high self-esteem and effective coping strategies for the quality of health services that they deliver. Self -esteem and stress coping mechanism developed during education period is foundation for professional practice. So, this study was conducted to identify self-esteem, coping activities, and their relationship. Methods: Descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among 287 PCL nursing students currently studying in different level in nursing campuses of the Institute of Medicine during June and July 2013. Self administered semi structured questionnaire and rating scales were used for the data collection. Results: Findings showed that 21 (7.31%), 194 (67.5%), and 67 (23.34%), students had have very high, high and moderate, self-esteem and only five (1.74%) have low self-esteem.The difference in self-esteem level was insignificant with the level of the students. Students most frequently used problem focused (3.36±0.54) followed by emotion focused (3.04±0.45) and avoidance coping activities (2.91±0.63). The relationship of use of coping activities and level of students was statistically insignificant. Self-esteem level had positive relation with problem focused and emotion focused coping activities (Pearson r: 0.114 and 0.118), though the correlation was significant with emotion focused coping activities only.Bicytopenia and pancytopenia were seen in two cases each of myelodysplastic syndrome. Chronic myeloid leukemia and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma showed anemia and pancytopenia respectively. Conclusions: Majority of PCL nursing students have high level of self-esteem. They used problem focused coping activities most however, use of it decreased with increased level of students. Students with high self -esteem used problem focused followed by emotion focused coping activities. Students should be encouraged to use problem focused coping activities. Keywords: PCL nursing students; self-esteem;stress coping. PMID:24908532

Shrestha, T

2013-09-01

83

Relationship between oral hygiene behaviors and self-esteem among students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Self-esteem is an important concept used in psychology to reflect a person's overall appraisal of his or her own value. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between self-esteem and oral hygiene behaviors among student of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study a stratified sampling procedure was used to select 320 students from 7 faculties of IUMS. In the second stage, the subjects were randomly selected from each faculty to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data and data on oral hygiene behaviors. Self-esteem was assessed by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Mann-Whitney test, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and descriptive statistical methods were used by SPSS software for data analysis.Results: A total of 63.5% of the subjects were female and 36.5% were male. Mean score of self-esteem in the participants was 20.05. Self-esteem score had a significantly positive correlation with economic status (p value < 0.05. The total score of oral hygiene behaviors in female students (20.86 ± 3.58 was significantly higher than that in male students (19.32 ± 4.02 (p value = 0.012. Tooth brushing frequency, use of dental floss, fluoride consumption, dental checkup frequency and also absence of oral malodor and absence of untreated dental caries were significantly associated with higher self-esteem scores (p value < 0.05. Conclusion: Self-esteem as a common psychological factor is correlated with oral hygiene behaviors. Promoting self-esteem could help people improve oral hygiene behaviors. Key words: Self-esteem, Oral hygiene, Predisposing factors

Omid Fakheran Esfahani

2012-01-01

84

The Measurement of Self-Esteem for Program Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to examine the area of self-esteem in the professional literature, its relationship to educational programs, its measurement problems, and one approach to program evaluation in terms of students' self-esteem. (Author)

Lee, Walter S.

1972-01-01

85

Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment m...

Hosogi Mizuho; Okada Ayumi; Fujii Chikako; Noguchi Keizou; Watanabe Kumi

2012-01-01

86

Striving for self-esteem : Conceptualizations and role in burnout  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

When self-esteem is dependent on competence individuals invest a great deal of effort in their accomplishments in order to validate themselves. The aim of the present thesis was to develop a theoretically sound and valid concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, and examine its vulnerable implications and role in burnout. In Study I a concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, termed competence-based self-esteem (CBSE), was developed. C...

Blom, Victoria

2011-01-01

87

Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult in...

Hosogi, Mizuho; Okada, Ayumi; Fujii, Chikako; Noguchi, Keizou; Watanabe, Kumi

2012-01-01

88

Human figure drawings and house tree person drawings as indicators of self-esteem: a quantitative approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the concurrent validity of Human Figure Drawings (HFD) and House-Tree-Person (HTP) drawings as measures of self-esteem. Adult subjects were requested to make HFD and HTP drawings and to complete measures of psychological adjustment which included the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory and Tennessee Self Concept Scale. The drawings were scored using a quantitative, composite rating scale derived from HFD and HTP empirical and theoretical literature on psychological health. Results indicated that neither the HFD nor the HTP quantitative composite ratings of psychological health related to the formal measures of self-esteem. PMID:9467766

Groth-Marnat, G; Roberts, L

1998-02-01

89

Self-Esteem and Suicide Ideation in Psychiatric Outpatients  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression, hopelessness, and low self-esteem are implicated as vulnerability factors for suicide ideation. The association of self-esteem with suicide ideation after controlling for depressed mood and hopelessness was examined. Adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 338) completed measures of self-esteem, suicide ideation, hopelessness, and…

Bhar, Sunil; Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Marjan; Brown, Gregory; Beck, Aaron T.

2008-01-01

90

Visual Impairment and Self-Esteem: What Makes a Difference?  

Science.gov (United States)

This account follows on from the research report "Visual impairment and its impact on self-esteem" (Bowen, 2010) published in this journal. The original article reported the results of an investigation of self-esteem levels amongst a sample group of 60 children with visual impairment. Four children, whose self-esteem was measured as "low" or "very…

Bowen, Jayne

2010-01-01

91

Relationships between Self-Esteem and Smoking Experimentation in Childhood  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been mixed results concerning any association between self-esteem and smoking prevalence in young people. The aim of this paper was to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between self-esteem and the uptake of smoking in childhood, and how various sub-components of self-esteem are related to smoking. A sample of…

Barlow, Alexandra; Woods, Susan E.

2009-01-01

92

Self-Esteem: Balance between Individual and Community.  

Science.gov (United States)

Differentiates self-esteem from narcissism and traces societal preoccupation with self-esteem. Maintains that placing so much importance on an individual and self-esteem obscures the value of a balance between individuality and mutual responsibility. Describes Montessori's emphasis on the child's inner development and on community and mutual…

Woods, Carol S.

1999-01-01

93

Enhancing Self-Esteem of Hearing Impaired Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article notes characteristics of individuals with low self-esteem, identifies conditions important for the development and maintenance of positive self-esteem, and offers information on interventions shown to be effective in promoting self-esteem with hearing-impaired students. (Author/DB)

Luckner, John L.

1988-01-01

94

Effect of Self-Esteem in the Relationship between Stress and Substance Abuse among Adolescents: A Mediation Outcome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study assessed the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between stress and substance abuse among adolescents. The participants of the study were 352 adolescents, 54.5% males and 45.5% females aged 13 to18 years, from selected secondary schools in Somolu, Lagos, Nigeria. Substance abuse was measured with the Drug Abuse Screening Test, while Stress was measured with the Perceived Stress Scale, and Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale. The study ascertained a negative and large correlation (r = -.538, p <.01 between stress and self-esteem, similar results (r = -.536, p <.01 was found between self-esteem and substance abuse and a positive and medium correlation (r = .360, p <.01 was found between stress and substance abuse. Self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between stress and substance abuse. Recommendations of the study highlighted the need for greater enlightenment on the importance of self-esteem particularly among adolescents.

Ikechukwu Uba

2013-05-01

95

The Self-Esteem Repair & Maintenance Manual.  

Science.gov (United States)

Guidelines are presented to help a person feel better about himself or herself. The book is premised on the four A's: attitude, action, achievement, and acknowledgment. To assure successful repair or maintenance of self-esteem, one must have the right attitude, take the proper action--one that will lead to achievements--and then one must…

Brooks, B. David; Dalby, Rex K.

96

Restoring Self-Esteem in Adolescent Males  

Science.gov (United States)

When presented with the words self-esteem, it is most common in our society to immediately think of girls. It is not often that people ponder the effects of body image, athleticism, success, or even friendships for boys. Unfortunately in overlooking these concepts, we are doing a disservice to our male youth. This article addresses the effects of…

Hendel, Andrea

2006-01-01

97

Job Stigma and Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first phase of this study included three years of participant observation on an intermittent basis during graduate work. The author rode on garbage trucks in Ann Arbor and generated hypotheses about the effect of occupational stigma on the self-esteem...

E. J. Walsh

1974-01-01

98

Teachers and Self-Esteem for Minorities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the results of a survey of 32 teachers of children with hearing impairments that found teachers wanted to know ways to help minority students develop self-esteem. A list of multicultural resources is provided, along with a recommending elementary reading list of multicultural readings. (CR)

Hayes, P. Lynn; Luetke-Stahlman, Barbara

1997-01-01

99

Examination of Relationship between Self-esteem, Life Satisfaction of Riot Policemen and Their Approach to Dealing with Stress  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Main objective of this study is to examinate of relationship between self-esteem, life satisfaction of riot police and their approach to dealing with stress. Research data has been obtained through using self-esteem scale and inventory of approach to dealing with stress. The first finding is that there is a positive and meaningful relationship between self-esteem of riot police and their life satisfaction. As the self-esteem increases, so the life satisfaction does. The second finding is that while there is a positive relationship between self-esteem and active planning, searching for outside help, inclination to religion and cognitive help, three of which are subdimensions of approach to dealing with stress. There is a negative relationship between self-esteem and subdimensions of escaping, abstracting. As a result of regression analysis, it has been found that subdimensions of active planning (ß=-.082 and searching for outside help (ß=.241 are important interpreters of self-esteem.

Ruhi Y???T

2012-04-01

100

Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods  

Science.gov (United States)

In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

Isiklar, Abdullah

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

The impact of parental self-esteem and parental rearing behavior on adolescent attachment to parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study the relationship of parental self-esteem, parental rearing and adolescent adult attachment was investigated. A total 448 senior high school students completed EMBU?Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran, or ?Own memories of parental rearing?, Perris et al., 1980, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR; Brennan, Clark, &Shaver, 1998, and their parents completed The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES; Rosenberg, 1965. The results suggested that parental global self-esteem has no effect on the adolescent attachment to parents. Parental positive rearing behaviors have been significantly associated with avoidance to parents. Furthermore, the negative rearing behaviors, such as paternal denying and rejecting, maternal punitiveness, maternal overinvolved and overprotective behavior, can predict the adolescent avoidance and anxiety to parents.

Anbo Yang

2011-06-01

102

Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Spiritual Well-Being and Self-Esteem of Cancer Patients  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of the study was to investigate the potential of Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy (RCBT) for improvement of spiritual well-being and self-esteem in patients. Five patients received the therapy over three sessions. The patients received RCBT consisting of reminiscence therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. They completed the FACIT-Sp, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem scale, numeric rating scales for Suffering (from 0 to 6) and Depression (from 0 to 6). The FACIT-Sp scores increased fr...

Michiyo Ando; Tatsuya Morita; Akira Oshima

2011-01-01

103

Relationship Between Eating Behaviors, Self Esteem and Academic Achievement among Lower Secondary School Students in Meru Klang, Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study attempted to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, self esteem and academic achievement among lower secondary school students. Cross sectional study was conducted among 274 respondents aged 13 to 15 years old. A questionnaire comprising sociodemographic items, Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ), Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and exam result were taken. Significant relationship were found between low fat eating behavior with academic achievement with (p = 0...

Nazirah Zuman; Kartini Ilias; Khairil Anuar Md Isa; Ajau Danis

2012-01-01

104

How effective is a group based motivational interviewing intervention in promoting pupil resilience and self-esteem?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The research examined the impact of a five week group-based motivational interviewing intervention on pupils’ self-esteem and resilience. The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (Prince-Embury 2007) and The Self Image Profiles (Butler 2001) were used as tools to obtain pre and post measures of pupil resilience and self-esteem. The researcher also explored teacher and pupil views of mental well being and Goodman’s (1997) Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was utilised to m...

Moss, Claudia

2010-01-01

105

An investigation of the relationship between childhood trauma experince of adolescents and the anger expression styles, self -esteem, life satisfaction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of study is to investigate the relationship between childhood traumatic experience of adolescents and the anger expression styles, self-esteem and life satisfaction. The study conducted on 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grade students, the age range 14-18. The sample consisted of 210 female (46%), 240 male (53%) total 450 adolescents. To collect data “Childhood Trauma Questionnaire”, “State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory”, “Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale” “Satisfaction of Life...

2013-01-01

106

Dialectic behavioural therapy has an impact on self-concept clarity and facets of self-esteem in women with borderline personality disorder.  

Science.gov (United States)

Identity disturbance and an unstable sense of self are core criteria of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and significantly contribute to the suffering of the patient. These impairments are hypothesized to be reflected in low self-esteem and low self-concept clarity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an inpatient dialectic behavioral therapy (DBT) programme on self-esteem and self-concept clarity. Forty women with BPD were included in the study. Twenty patients were treated with DBT for 12 weeks in an inpatient setting and 20 patients from the waiting list served as controls. Psychometric scales were used to measure different aspects of self-esteem, self-concept clarity and general psychopathology. Patients in the treatment group showed significant enhancement in self-concept clarity compared with those on the waiting list. Further, the scales of global self-esteem and, more specifically, the facets of self-esteem self-regard, social skills and social confidence were enhanced significantly in the intervention group. Additionally, the treatment had a significant impact on basic self-esteem in this group. On the other hand, the scale of earning self-esteem was not significantly abased in patients with BPD and did not show significant changes in the intervention group. Our data provide preliminary evidence that DBT has an impact on several facets of self-esteem and self-concept clarity, and thus on identity disturbance, in women with BPD. PMID:20187169

Roepke, Stefan; Schröder-Abé, Michela; Schütz, Astrid; Jacob, Gitta; Dams, Andreas; Vater, Aline; Rüter, Anke; Merkl, Angela; Heuser, Isabella; Lammers, Claas-Hinrich

2011-01-01

107

Impact of Value Structure on Brand Engagement Depending on Degree of Self-Esteem of Adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research demonstrates the relationship between the brand engagement, depending on the structure of values and level of self-esteem in adolescents. The research methods was used: Rosenberg´s Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 1992, 1994, 1999, Brand engagement (Sprott, Czellar, Spangenberg, 2009. The final outcomes showed differences, as well as a certain correlation between the values, which are attributed to adolescents, and engagement attributed to brand. Cultural values are identified as influential factors for the brand engagement perception of the importance of adolescents depending on their level of self-esteem. Research shows the importance of recognition of the values for understanding and foresight of relations between values and attitudes towards brands, which reflect both their behavior and their social experience. The result provides recommendations for marketing communication to easier identification of compatible and antagonistic values, which adolescents associate with a brand.

Blandína Šramová

2013-08-01

108

State Self-Esteem in Relation to Weight Locus of Control amongst Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

The current society emphasizes physical appearance and physical fitness. Individual's self-esteem has been shown to be linked with physical appearance. Methods: A random sample comprising of 100 male and 100 female (N = 200) adolescents was selected. The subjects were administered the Current Thoughts Scale and the Dieting Beliefs Scale for…

Rattan, Neelam; Kang, Shirin; Thakur, Nisha; Parthi, Komila

2006-01-01

109

The relationships between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction, and self-esteem among Australian gay men.  

Science.gov (United States)

Body image dissatisfaction has been linked to belonging to the gay community and poor self-esteem among gay men. This study was designed to explore the applicability of a moderation model and a mediation model in explaining the relations between sense of belonging to the gay community, body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem among 90 self-identified Australian gay men. Participants completed the psychological subscale of the Sense of Belonging Instrument, the Body Satisfaction Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results supported the moderation model; the relation between body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem was found to be statistically significant only at average and high levels of belonging to the gay community. The mediation model was also supported; body image dissatisfaction partially mediated the sense of belonging-self-esteem relation. Educating gay men and health professionals about the possible negative outcomes of "belonging" to an appearance-oriented community is important. PMID:23688315

Kousari-Rad, Pantea; McLaren, Suzanne

2013-01-01

110

Relation between childhood abuse and self esteem in adolescence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the connection between childhood abuse and self esteem in adults and reveal the potential of childhood abuse determining self esteem. Sampling of this study comprised 915 secondary school students from Konya city’s central district who were randomly selected. 583 of the sample students (%58.3 were females while 382 were males (%41.7. As a result of this study, it has been determined that there is a significant negative correlation between childhood abuse and self esteem. As a result of the regression analyses conducted separately, childhood abuse predicted significantly self-esteem, and it has been revealed that just even emotional abuse is major determinant of self-esteem. Result achieved on this issue indicates that students’ self esteem levels decrease as childhood abuse increase.

Özlem Karaku?

2012-08-01

111

Body image satisfaction and self-esteem status among the patients with polycystic ovary syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Most previous research has focused on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) characteristics and their association with psychological disorders, such as anxiety and depression. Objective: In the present study, our aim was to study whether PCOS characteristics are associated with several aspects of psychological well-being namely self-esteem and body satisfaction. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 300 women with PCOS that was carried out in Kashan, Iran. Main outcome measures were the Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI) and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and clinical information of PCOS. Major clinical PCOS features including obesity (BMI), excessive body hair (hirsutism score), acne, menstrual cycle disturbances and infertility. Results: The findings of regression analysis indicated that infertile women had lower levels of self-esteem (=-0.11, p=0.049) and poorer body satisfaction (=0.121, p=0.036) compared with PCOS women without infertility. Furthermore, hirsute women experienced poorer self-esteem than women without hirsutism (=-0.124, p=0.032). Women with menstrual irregularities had higher body dissatisfaction (=0.159, p=0.005). Moreover, women with higher body mass index scores had poorer body satisfaction (=0.151, p=0.009) but were not associated with self-esteem. Conclusion: The emotional well-being of the patients presenting with the syndrome needs to be recognized more fully, particularly in relation to the low self-esteem, poor body image, and struggles with weight, menstrual irregularities, hirsutism and infertility. The results of this study raise implications for clinical practice and suggest that a multidisciplinary approach to the management of women with PCOS. This article extracted from Ph.D. thesis. (Fatemeh Bazarganipour). PMID:24639704

Bazarganipour, Fatemeh; Ziaei, Saeide; Montazeri, Ali; Foroozanfard, Fatemeh; Kazemnejad, Anoshirvan; Faghihzadeh, Soghrat

2013-10-01

112

The association of self-esteem, depression and body satisfaction with obesity among Turkish adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and to examine the effects of actual weight status, perceived weight status and body satisfaction on self-esteem and depression in a high school population in Turkey. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 2101 tenth-grade Turkish adolescents aged 15–18 was conducted. Body mass index (BMI was calculated using weight and height measures. The overweight and obesity were based on the age- and gender-spesific BMI cut-off points of the International Obesity Task Force values. Self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and depression was measured using Children's Depression Inventory. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine relationships among the variables. Results Based on BMI cut-off points, 9.0% of the students were overweight and 1.1% were obese. Logistic regression analysis indicated that (1 being male and being from a higher socio-economical level were important in the prediction of overweight based on BMI; (2 being female and being from a higher socio-economical level were important in the prediction of perceived overweight; (3 being female was important in the prediction of body dissatisfaction; (4 body dissatisfaction was related to low self-esteem and depression, perceived overweight was related only to low self-esteem but actual overweight was not related to low self-esteem and depression in adolescents. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that school-based adolescents in urban Turkey have a lower risk of overweight and obesity than adolescents in developed countries. The findings of this study suggest that psychological well-being of adolescents is more related to body satisfaction than actual and perceived weight status is.

Sen Nesrin

2007-05-01

113

Damaged Self-Esteem is Associated with Internalizing Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneli...

Creemers, Daan H. M.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Prinstein, Mitchell J.; Wiers, Reinout W.

2013-01-01

114

Self-Esteem and Anxiety among Asian and European students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem and Anxiety have been widely studied back-to-back on the premises of academic settings, since research has shown that they interact with eachother. The current study compares the score of self-esteem and anxiety of international students currently studying at Umeå University. Thirty students from Europe and Asia have been accessed respectively through usage of a questionnaire designed for its purpose. Overall, Europeans has higher self-esteem than Asians, however, there is no sig...

Amorim, Filipe; Lam, Mei Ka Geraldine

2013-01-01

115

Self esteem and outgroup derogation: A clarification of competing theories  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Research surrounding the Self Esteem Hypothesis has produced conflicting results and unresolved issues. Whilst the original hypothesis posited that it is individuals low in self-esteem that are motivated to show intergroup discrimination, subsequent research has found evidence to suggest a pattern of individuals high in self esteem showing greater amounts of intergroup discrimination. Furthermore, the Social Identity Theory suggests that this intergroup discrimination will occur between membe...

Davidowitz, Cara; Childs, Jessica

2008-01-01

116

A randomized control trial of the effect of yoga on Gunas (personality and Self esteem in normal healthy volunteers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Aims: To study the efficacy of yoga on Gunas (personality and self esteem in normal adults through a randomized comparative study. Materials and Methods: Of the 1228 persons who attended motivational lectures, 226 subjects aged 18-71 years, of both sexes, who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and who consented to participate in the study were randomly allocated into two groups. The Yoga (Y group practised an integrated yoga module that included asanas, pranayama, meditation, notional correction, and devotional sessions. The comparison group practised mild to moderate physical exercises (PE. Both groups had supervised practices for one hour daily, six days a week, for eight weeks. Guna (personality was assessed before and after eight weeks using the self-administered "The ?Gita" Inventory of Personality" (GIN to assess Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas . Self esteem in terms of competency (COM, global self esteem (GSE, moral and self esteem (MSE, social esteem (SET, family self esteem (FSE, body and physical appearance (BPA, and the lie scale (LIS were assessed using the self esteem questionnaire (SEQ. Results: The baseline scores for all domains for both the groups did not differ significantly ( P > 0.05 independent samples t-test. There were significant pre-post improvements in all domains in both groups ( P < 0.001 paired t-test. The number of persons who showed improvement in Sattva and decrease in Tamas was significant in the Y but not in the PE group (McNemar test. The effect size for self esteem in the Y group is greater than for the PE group in three out of seven domains. Conclusions: This randomized controlled study has shown the influence of Yoga on Gunas and self esteem in comparison to physical exercise.

Deshpande Sudheer

2009-01-01

117

The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Orientation: The effects of challenges (like decreased employment opportunities, increased personal responsibility to keep up with changes, current skill shortages and of retaining talented and skilled staff have led to an emphasis on career meta-competencies to improve employability attributes.

Research purpose: The objectives of the study were to determine the relationship between self-esteem (as the Culture Free Self-Esteem Inventory measures it and employability attributes (as the Employability Attributes Scale measures it; to determine whether people’s biographical details significantly predict their self-esteem and employability attributes; and whether men and women differ significantly in their self-esteem and employability attributes.

Motivation for the study: There seems to be a paucity of studies that investigate how people’s self-esteem relates to their employability attributes in South Africa’s multi-cultural context.

Research design, approach and method: The researcher conducted a quantitative survey on a convenience sample of 304 employed adults enrolled for an honours degree in business management in a higher education institution. She used correlational statistics, multiple regression analyses, categorical regressions and independent t-tests to analyse the data.

Main findings: The researcher found a number of significant relationships between the participants’ self-esteem and employability. The results showed that biographical details significantly predicted participants’ employability attributes.

Practical/managerial implications: Career counsellors and human resource practitioners need to recognise how people’s self-esteem and their biographical details influence their employability attributes.

Contribution/value-add: The findings add to the literature on the skills, abilities and biographical information that influence employability and give valuable information that organisations can use during career development support and career counselling practices in the contemporary world of work.

How to cite this article: Potgieter, I. (2012. The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 10(2, Art. #419, 15 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v10i2.419

Ingrid Potgieter

2012-02-01

118

Quality of life and self-esteem in patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinomas: long-term results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Cancer is a multifactorial disease and skin carcinomas are the most common type of cancer. Assessing quality of life and self-esteem outcomes in skin cancer patients is important because these are indicators of the results of the treatment, translating how patients face their lives and [...] their personal relationships. OBJECTIVE: To assess the late impact of the surgical treatment of head and/or neck skin carcinomas on quality of life and self-esteem of the patients. METHODS: Fifty patients with head or neck skin carcinomas were enrolled. Their age ranged between 30 and 75 years, 27 were men and 23 were women. Patients were assessed with regard to quality of life and self-esteem, preoperatively and five years postoperatively. Validated instruments were used: the MOS 36-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem/EPM-UNIFESP Scale. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients completed the five-year follow-up, 54.5% women and 45.5% men. Compared to the preoperative assessment, patients had an improvement in mental health (p=0.011) and in self-esteem (p=0.002). There was no statistical difference with regard to the other domains of the SF-36. CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinoma improved mental health and self-esteem in the late postsurgical testing.

Paula Curitiba, Maciel; Joel, Veiga-Filho; Marcelo Prado de, Carvalho; Fernando Elias Martins, Fonseca; Lydia Masako, Ferreira; Daniela Francescato, Veiga.

119

Distinctive Characteristics of Flourishing, Self-Esteem, and Emotional Approach Coping to Mood  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study firstly, was to determine the validity and the reliability of The Brief Mood Introspection Scale. After this step, whose mood is low and high has been detected, and the sensitivity level of self-esteem, flourishing and emotional approach coping for these participants has been studied via discriminant analysis. In total 316 students who receive education at the Faculty of Education and the Faculty of Science and Literature at Adnan Menderes University in the fall semester of 2012-2013 school year took place in the study, and 172 (54.4% of them were women and 144 (45.6% of them were men. In the study The Brief Mood Introspection Scale, Self-Esteem Scale (Self-Liking/Self- Competence Scale, Flourishing Scale, Emotional Approach Coping Scale, and the personal information form were used for collecting data. According to the result that was obtained by the study in which university students were participant, it was found that The Brief Mood Introspection Scale is a valid and reliable scale in Turkish form. It was found that mood which is positive and tends to provide pleasure is positively associated with self-esteem at the highest level and then it is positively associated with emotional approach coping and flourishing. It was detected that in order to make distinction participants of the study who were on positive and negative mood; self-esteem, flourishing and emotional approach coping have necessary adequateness for discriminant analysis. According to the result of discriminant analysis, it was concluded that the most effective factor for making a distinction between participants who are pleasant for their mood and who are not, is self- esteem; and flourishing and emotional approach coping follow it.

Tar?k Totan

2014-04-01

120

Component Structure, Reliability, and Stability of Lawrence's Self-Esteem Questionnaire (LAWSEQ)  

Science.gov (United States)

Lawrence's Self-Esteem Questionnaire (LAWSEQ) was administered to 120 Year 1 pupils in six schools in Belfast, Northern Ireland. A principal components analysis indicated that the scale items were unidimensional and that the reliability of the scores, as estimated by Cronbach's alpha, was satisfactory ([alpha] = 0.73). There were no differences…

Rae, Gordon; Dalto, Georgia; Loughrey, Dolores; Woods, Caroline

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Sweets, Sex, or Self-Esteem? Comparing the Value of Self-Esteem Boosts with Other Pleasant Rewards  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many people ascribe great value to self-esteem, but how much value? Do people value self-esteem more than other pleasant activities, such as eating sweets and having sex? Two studies of college students (Study 1: N=130; Study 2: N=152) showed that people valued boosts to their self-esteem more than they valued eating a favorite food and engaging in a favorite sexual activity. Study 2 also showed that people valued self-esteem more than they valued drinking alcohol, receiving a paycheck, and s...

Bushman, Brad J.; Moeller, Scott J.; Crocker, Jennifer

2010-01-01

122

Is self-esteem a "double edged sword"? Self-esteem and the onset of adolescent sexual activity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem has been conceptualized as a social vaccine. The belief is that high self-esteem can inoculate young people, against vulnerability to a wide range of social illnesses. This study gives a contribution in the understanding of the causal relation between self-esteem and sexual behaviour among American adolescents. I analyzes the impact of different levels of early self-esteem on a wide set of risky sexual behaviours. I use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Healt...

Favara, Marta

2013-01-01

123

Pulling your self together : meditation promotes congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-reported or explicit self-esteem frequently conflicts with indirectly assessed, implicit self-esteem. The present research investigated whether meditation may reduce such inner conflicts by promoting congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Relative to control conditions, meditation led to greater congruence between explicit self-esteem, assessed via self-report, and implicit self-esteem, indicated by name letter preference (Studies 1 and 2). Low implicit self-esteem was fur...

Koole, Sander L.; Govorun, Olesya; Cheng, Clara Michelle; Gallucci, Marcello

2009-01-01

124

Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Self Esteem of Women in Pakistan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of intimate partner on the self esteem of women .Since this was a very sensitive area henceforth the triangulation method was used for in-depth study A purposeful sampling was applied after the screening of the participants with the help of HITS (Kevin The sample included 118 abused women and 98 of them were not abused. The instruments were translated into the native language to commune well with the participants. Both the scales i.e. HITS (Kevin, and Rosenberg self-esteem scales, were translated. The Qualitative Findings suggest that factors like economic dependence, insecurity social pressures, were the general themes concluded from the transcripts for the low self esteem of an abused women .The Quantitative data analysis indicated that the self esteem of the psychologically and physically abused was more shattered then the not abused women the t-test calculated and found to be significant as p <.05 There was one major limitation related to the size and representation from all the provinces to draw a clear view of the situation. This study can help in identifying the vulnerability level of women for future pathology and assist in developing a program for the rehabilitation of the victims by removing the barriers and helping them to cope well.

Qudsia Tariq

2013-05-01

125

Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Spiritual Well-Being and Self-Esteem of Cancer Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the potential of Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy (RCBT for improvement of spiritual well-being and self-esteem in patients. Five patients received the therapy over three sessions. The patients received RCBT consisting of reminiscence therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. They completed the FACIT-Sp, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem scale, numeric rating scales for Suffering (from 0 to 6 and Depression (from 0 to 6. The FACIT-Sp scores increased from 19.2 ± 4.6 to 26 ± 1.6 (Z = –1.8, p = 0.078, n = 5, the Self-Esteem scores significantly increased from 40.0 ± 2.5 to 45.2 ± 2.4 (Z = –2.0, p = 0.042, the Suffering scores decreased from 3.6 ± 2.0 to 2.0 (Z = –1.5, p = 0.13, and the Depression scores decreased from 2.8 ± 2.2 to 1.8 ± 0.8 (Z = –0.9, p = 0.357. These results suggest that RCBT can improve the spiritual well-being and self-esteem of cancer patients.

Tatsuya Morita

2011-06-01

126

General self-esteem and locus of control of young sportsmen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with the relationship between some elements of self-concept (general self-esteem and locus of control and going in for sport in adolescence. The relationship between going in for sport and variables of self-concept (general self-esteem and external locus of control was investigated in a sample of 300 adolescent boys and girls (150 sportsmen and 150 non-sportsmen. Modification of the Rosenberg’s General self-esteem scale and Bezinovi?-Sav?i?’s Scale of externality were used to measure variables of self-concept. The significant positive correlation between variables of going in for sport and general selfesteem, as well as negative ones between variables of going in for sport and external locus of control were found in the whole sample of subjects and in the sample of boys, but not of girls. The sex role stereotypes and greater importance that the culture puts on success in sport for boys have contributed to such results. The sex differences in correlations between variables of self-concept and going in for sport suggest that going in for sport influences general self-esteem and locus of control in adolescents through social feedback and social evaluation of sport achievement and physical fitness. .

Gaši?-Paviši? Slobodanka

2006-01-01

127

Self-Esteem: Models and Implications for Management.  

Science.gov (United States)

This thesis presents a literature review of self-esteem, primarily as it relates to organizations and management. Based on this literature review, self-esteem is defined as the emotional valuation individuals have of themselves and the degree of certainty...

M. R. Becker

1993-01-01

128

Trajectories of Global Self-Esteem Development during Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on data from a 17-year longitudinal study of 1083 adolescents, from the ages of 13 to 30 years, the average development of self-reported global self-esteem was found to be high and stable during adolescence. However, there is considerable inter-individual variance in baseline and development of global self-esteem. This study used latent…

Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Melkevik, Ole; Holsen, Ingrid; Wold, Bente

2012-01-01

129

Implicit self-esteem in recurrently depressed patients.  

Science.gov (United States)

Negative self-esteem is suggested to play an important role in the recurrence of depressive episodes. This study investigated whether repeated experiences of a negative view of the self within a recurrent course of depression might cause implicit self-esteem to be impaired and negative self-attributes to even be chronically activated beyond remission. We measured implicit self-esteem using an Implicit Association Test. The sample consisted of N = 24 currently depressed patients with first-onset depressive episode, N = 28 currently depressed patients with recurrent depressive episodes, N = 33 currently remitted patients with recurrent depressive episodes, and N = 34 controls with no history of depression. In line with cognitive theories, results revealed significantly lower implicit self-esteem in current depressive patients than in healthy controls but no significant differences in implicit self-esteem between remitted recurrent depressive patients and healthy controls. However, remitted depressive patients with three or more depressive episodes showed a significantly lower implicit self-esteem than those with less than three depressive episodes. The current findings underline the necessity of relapse prevention treatments which not only enhance self-esteem at an explicit but also at an implicit level as well as emphasizing the need for evaluations of treatment efficacy to focus upon both implicit and explicit levels of self-esteem. PMID:20132925

Risch, Anne K; Buba, Astrid; Birk, Uwe; Morina, Nexhmedin; Steffens, Melanie C; Stangier, Ulrich

2010-09-01

130

Assessment of Self-Esteem and Satisfaction in Amputee Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The study involving six single and multiple amputee children (10 to 14 years old) was conducted to provide information on how situations affect the self esteem of amputee children, how situations affect satisfaction with their prostheses, and the relationship between amputee self esteem and their satisfaction with their prosthetic device.…

Spencer, C. D.; And Others

1977-01-01

131

Self Esteem, Information Search and Problem Solving Efficiency.  

Science.gov (United States)

Weiss (1977, 1978) has shown that low self esteem workers are more likely to model the role behaviors and work values of superiors than are high self esteem workers. He has argued that new employees are 'problem solvers' attempting to determine the most a...

H. M. Weiss P. A. Knight

1979-01-01

132

Visual Impairment and Its Impact on Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims of the study were to investigate self-esteem levels amongst a sample group of 60 children with Visual Impairment (VI). The group was made up of equal numbers of boys and girls from primary and secondary schools. Each child's self-esteem was measured using the BG STEEM Questionnaire (Maines and Robinson, 1993). The results showed that…

Bowen, Jayne

2010-01-01

133

Self-Esteem and Coping Strategies among Deaf Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Research studies on the determinants of self-esteem of deaf individuals often yield inconsistent findings. The current study assessed the effects on self-esteem of factors related to deafness, such as the means of communication at home and severity of hearing loss with hearing aid, as well as the coping styles that deaf people adopt to cope with…

Jambor, Edina; Elliott, Marta

2005-01-01

134

Low Self-Esteem: Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy  

Science.gov (United States)

This article will describe a self-esteem cognitive behavioural therapy group run with adults with learning disabilities. The aim is to show how a group of this nature can be organized and run, using theory to inform practice. An introduction to the concept of self esteem will be given and then explored in relation to adults with learning…

Whelan, Anne; Haywood, Pennie; Galloway, Scott

2007-01-01

135

The development of self-efficacy and self-esteem in pharmacy students based on experiential education  

Science.gov (United States)

This doctoral thesis contributes to the literature on self-efficacy and self-esteem and the relationship to a student's school, age, gender, ethnicity, GPA, paid and introductory pharmacy practice experiences in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. Graduates with a high level of self-efficacy and self-esteem are more desirable as pharmacists upon graduation. A quantitative survey, which includes two standardized instruments, the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), was administered to students at five schools of pharmacy in the northeast United States, resulting in a total of 399 responses. The findings confirm the significance of paid experiences and increased levels of a student's self-efficacy in a pharmacy setting. The other finding was related to ethnicity where the Asian/Pacific Islander students showed lower self-efficacy than other ethnic groups, which may be due to a cultural difference in displaying traits of high self-efficacy. Self-esteem also showed a positive finding for students with paid experiences and students who were older. There was an ethnicity finding where Asian/Pacific Islanders scored lower on the self-esteem scale, while the African-Americans scored higher than all the other groups. The results show that students improve their levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem through extended practical experiences. Schools should provide structured experiences of a sufficient length, beyond the present 300 hours, to prepare students for their transition into a professional role. Educators should be aware of the difference in Asian/Pacific Islander culture and encourage students to demonstrate their self-efficacy and self-esteem so other professionals can recognize them for their attributes.

Yorra, Mark L.

136

[Hair removal repercussions on patient's self-esteem in craniotomy].  

Science.gov (United States)

This quantitative-based, prospective-oriented study aims to evaluate the repercussion of hair removal in post-craniotomy's patient self-esteem. Data show that the majority of patients mentioned not having an altered self-esteem due to hair removal; self-esteem was kept the same among patients that were instructed about the hair removal process. The major part of patients made use of accessories as a strategy to hide shaved areas and believed that hair removal damaged neither their quality of life nor their social relationships. We conclude that the feelings directly related to the decrease of self-esteem are loss of physical attraction, insecurity and shame. The employment of accessories is made necessary towards improving self-esteem, and healthcare professionals must work with the psychosocial aspects of pre and post-surgery patients. PMID:19842591

Diccini, Solange; Yoshinaga, Suellen Naomi; Marcolan, João Fernando

2009-09-01

137

Explaining Method Effects Associated with Negatively Worded Items in Trait and State Global and Domain-Specific Self-Esteem Scales  

Science.gov (United States)

Several investigators have interpreted method effects associated with negatively worded items in a substantive way. This research extends those studies in different ways: (a) it establishes the presence of methods effects in further populations and particular scales, and (b) it examines the possible relations between a method factor associated…

Tomas, Jose M.; Oliver, Amparo; Galiana, Laura; Sancho, Patricia; Lila, Marisol

2013-01-01

138

RELAT?ONSH?P BETWEEN EP?STEMOLOG?CAL BEL?EFS AND SELF-ESTEEM OF PHYS?CAL EDUCAT?ON TEACHER CAND?DATES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine epistemological beliefs and self-esteem physical education teacher candidate, and also to examine effect of epistemological beliefs on self-esteem. A total of 344 respondents (149 (%43.3 females and 195 (%56.7 males participated to the study. Self-Esteem Scale and Epistemological Beliefs Scale were used to determine physical education candidate’ self-esteem and epistemological beliefs levels, respectively. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t test, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze data. According to analysis, there was a moderate-level, negative and meaningful difference between self-esteem and epistemological beliefs scale of two subscales (The belief that learning depends on effort and the belief that learning depends on ability. But, there was no relationship between self-esteem and the belief that there is only one right answer subscale. In addition, the belief that learning depends on effort and the belief that learning depends on ability was negative and significant predictor of self esteem.

Murat ÖZ?EKER

2011-08-01

139

Religious and spiritual beliefs, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression among nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research of the role of religious belief and/or spirituality has been conducted on a wide range of health-related topics, across many disciplines, and in many countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between religious beliefs, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression in nursing students in Cyprus. One hundred and twenty-three nursing students were asked to complete a survey consisting of four self-report questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, The Royal Free Interview for Religious and Spiritual Beliefs, and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale). The lowest levels of depression were observed in the third and fourth study year. Normal self-esteem levels were found in the majority of the students (71.3%) and most of them perceived current stress at mild levels. No significant differences on the basis of sex were observed. The vast majority (98.2%) of the students stated a strong religious and/or a spiritual belief that was strongly positively correlated with increased self-esteem and negatively correlated with depression, current stress, and stress as personality trait. PMID:24102942

Papazisis, Georgios; Nicolaou, Panagiotis; Tsiga, Evangelia; Christoforou, Theodora; Sapountzi-Krepia, Despina

2014-06-01

140

The self-esteem, autonomy level of the elderly staying in the rest homes and the relation between two variables  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. Self-esteem and autonomy are the concepts that are very important in old age. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the self-esteem and autonomy level of the elderly staying in the rest homes and the relation between them. Methods. The sample of the study was composed of a total 80 old people living in the two rest homes in the centre of Sivas city. The data have been obtained by using Personal Information Form prepared by the researchers depending on the literature and directed to determining the socio-demographic qualities of the elderly people, Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory (SEI and “General Autonomy (GA” part of Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale (SAS. Results. According to the findings of the study, self-esteem mean score of the elderly is 37.35±2.25 and general autonomy mean score is 52.07±11.00. In our study we found statistically significant l differences between the elderly people’s SEI mean score and their marital status, and also between their independent decision ability and their SEI and GA mean scores (p<0.05. Conclusion. When it has been taken into consideration that the score range of Self-Esteem Inventory is 0-100 and that of Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale is 0-120, it can be said that self-esteem and autonomy levels of the elderly included in our study are low. aAweak positive relation was found between the SEI and GA mean score of the elderly (r=0.418, p<0.05. In this context, as the self-esteem levels of the elderly taking part in the study decrease, the autonomy levels also decrease.

?erife Karagözo?lu

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
141

Revised multicultural perspective index and measures of depression, life satisfaction, shyness, and self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a 2002 publication, Mowrer and McCarver reported weak but significant correlations (r =.24) between scores on the Multicultural Perspective Index and scores on Neugarten, Havighurst, and Tobin's 1961 Life Satisfaction Index-A and the Life Satisfaction Scale developed in 1985 by Diener, Emmons, Larsen, and Griffin. Using 382 undergraduate students the present study reduced the Index from 42 to 29 items based on each item's correlation with total items. An additional 104 undergraduate students then completed the modified 29-item version, Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale, Cheek and Buss's Shyness Scale, the Self-rating Depression Scale by Zung, and the Neugarten, et al. Life Satisfaction Index-A. Scores on the modified Index were negatively correlated with those on the Depression and Shyness scales and positively correlated with scores on the Self-esteem and Life Satisfaction scales (p< .05). PMID:15762404

Mowrer, Robert R; Parker, Keesha N

2004-12-01

142

Modulation of Self-Esteem in Self- and Other-Evaluations Primed by Subliminal and Supraliminal Faces  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Past research examining implicit self-evaluation often manipulated self-processing as task-irrelevant but presented self-related stimuli supraliminally. Even when tested with more indirect methods, such as the masked priming paradigm, participants' responses may still be subject to conscious interference. Our study primed participants with either their own or someone else's face, and adopted a new paradigm to actualize strict face-suppression to examine participants' subliminal self-evaluation. In addition, we investigated how self-esteem modulates one's implicit self-evaluation and validated the role of awareness in creating the discrepancy on past findings between measures of implicit self-evaluation and explicit self-esteem. Methodology/Principal Findings Participants' own face or others' faces were subliminally presented with a Continuous Flash Suppression (CFS) paradigm in Experiment 1, but supraliminally presented in Experiment 2, followed by a valence judgment task of personality adjectives. Participants also completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in each experiment. Results from Experiment 1 showed a typical bias of self-positivity among participants with higher self-esteem, but only a marginal self-positivity bias and a significant other-positivity bias among those with lower self-esteem. However, self-esteem had no modulating effect in Experiment 2: All participants showed the self-positivity bias. Conclusions/Significance Our results provide direct evidence that self-evaluation manifests in different ways as a function of awareness between individuals with different self-views: People high and low in self-esteem may demonstrate different automatic reactions in the subliminal evaluations of the self and others; but the involvement of consciousness with supraliminally presented stimuli may reduce this dissociation.

Tao, Ran; Zhang, Shen; Li, Qi; Geng, Haiyan

2012-01-01

143

The Self-Esteem of Rural Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children’s self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children’s self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children’s feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher than metropolitan norms. Rural children display the same decrement in self-ratings of physical appearance as they grow older—girls more so than boys—as do urban children. Rural and urban boys rate themselves higher in athletic competence than girls. The impact of rural/urban differences on children may be less marked than suspected.

Yang, R. K.

2007-06-01

144

Internalization of stigma and self-esteem as it affects the capacity for intimacy among patients with schizophrenia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examines the relationship between internalization of stigma, self-esteem, and the ability of people diagnosed with schizophrenia to form intimate attachments with loved ones. The study included sixty patients with schizophrenia, ages 18-60, men and women. After providing informed consent, all participants completed four questionnaires: Demographics Questionnaire, Self-Esteem Scale, Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale and the Intimacy Attitude Scale-Revised. Internalization of social stigma was found to be a statistically significant core factor that affects self-esteem and the ability to create intimacy among patients with schizophrenia. There was statistically significantly less internalization of stigma of mental illness among hospitalized patients than among individuals with schizophrenia who live in the community. PMID:24070991

Segalovich, Jenny; Doron, Adiel; Behrbalk, Pnina; Kurs, Rena; Romem, Pnina

2013-10-01

145

A New Measure to Assess Linguistic Self-Esteem in Adolescent Latino Bilinguals  

Science.gov (United States)

Present conceptualizations and measures of self-esteem do not account for linguistic self-esteem, an aspect of the self specifically relevant for bilingual students. This study examines the utility of a newly developed measure of linguistic self-esteem. This novel measure is compared with a commonly used self-esteem measure, two standardized…

Neugebauer, Sabina Rak

2011-01-01

146

Discrepancies between explicit and implicit self-esteem: implications for mate retention strategies and perceived infidelity.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the association between explicit self-esteem and relationship outcomes was moderated by implicit self-esteem. This was accomplished by asking 210 undergraduates who were currently involved in romantic relationships to complete measures of their explicit self-esteem, implicit self-esteem, mate retention strategies, and likelihood of future infidelity. Implicit self-esteem was found to moderate the association between high explicit self-esteem and relationship outcomes for male participants such that men with discrepant high self-esteem (i.e., high explicit self-esteem but low implicit self-esteem) reported less use of mate retention strategies and perceived a greater likelihood of future infidelity in their relationships during the next year. These findings provide additional support for the idea that fragile self-esteem may have consequences for the manner in which individuals perceive their relationships. PMID:23057188

Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Fulton, Jessica J; McLemore, Chandler

2012-01-01

147

The Relationship between Self-esteem, Personality Type and Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sampl...

Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri; Mehrnaz Faghih

2012-01-01

148

Celebrity endorsement: The effects of social comparisons on women's self-esteem and purchase intensions:  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this research we investigated the interplay between celebrities holding positive vs. negative media images and women’s self-esteem and purchase intensions. Study 1 documents that “good” celebrities decrease consumers’ self-esteem while a “bad” celebrity increase self-esteem. Study 2 shows that changes in self-esteem transfer to the product if consumers engage in an assimilating comparison process. Study 3 demonstrates that for consumers low in true self-esteem, a bad celebrity ...

Hellen, K.; Saaksjarvi, M. C.

2012-01-01

149

Pulling Your Self Together: Meditation Promotes Congruence between Implicit and Explicit Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Self-reported or explicit self-esteem frequently conflicts with indirectly assessed, implicit self-esteem. The present research investigated whether meditation may reduce such inner conflicts by promoting congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Relative to control conditions, meditation led to greater congruence between explicit self-esteem, assessed via self-report, and implicit self-esteem, indicated by name letter preference (Studies 1 and 2). Low implicit...

2009-01-01

150

Compare Self-Esteem and Social Support among Ageing  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to compare the self-esteem and social support of the elderly residing in boarding centers and living in their homes. Materials and Methods: In this causal-comparative study, 120 elderly individuals residing in boarding facilities and living he their homes in the city of Shiraz were selected through available sampling and responded to demographic, social support, and self-esteem questionnaires.Results: The findings show that there was a significant difference between self-esteem and social support in both groups of the elderly residing in their homes and those living in boarding centers.Conclusion: The elderly living at home have greater self-esteem and social support than the elderly residing in boarding facilities.

Anahita Khodaabakhshi-Koolaee

2012-09-01

151

Controlling Rosacea Flare-Ups Can Boost Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

RosaceaNet Article Controlling Rosacea Can Boost Self-Esteem For some, rosacea’s emotional toll can be worse than the physical discomfort. Insensitive questions, misconceptions that heavy drinking or poor hygiene caused ...

152

Leadership styles and its relationship with subordinates' self-esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Leadership plays an essential role in managing different organizations. These days, different organizations attempt to resolve any existing conflicts through adapting an appropriate leadership strategy. During the past few years, there are increasing interests in examining the relationship between management style and self-esteem. The proposed study of this paper performs an empirical study to find the relationship between leadership style and self-esteem. The proposed study distributed a que...

2012-01-01

153

Leadership styles and its relationship with subordinates' self-esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Leadership plays an essential role in managing different organizations. These days, different organizations attempt to resolve any existing conflicts through adapting an appropriate leadership strategy. During the past few years, there are increasing interests in examining the relationship between management style and self-esteem. The proposed study of this paper performs an empirical study to find the relationship between leadership style and self-esteem. The proposed study distributed a questionnaire among 80 managers and 150 regular employees of an organization in Iran. We have used Pearson correlation test, t-student and Freedman tests to verify the relationship between leadership style and self-esteem. The investigation of this survey considers four groups of leadership style including autocratic-charity, autocratic-exploitation, management consulting and participative and their effects on self-esteem. The results of our survey indicate that there is a positive and strong relationship between participative leadership management style and self-esteem. The results also indicate that there is strong relationship between educational background and self-esteem.

Sudabeh Morshedian Rafiee

2012-10-01

154

The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Critical Thinking Disposition indicates individual’s inclination to Critical Thinking, which is one of the domains of personality. Individual characteristics are important and influential factors in the growth and development of students’ Critical Thinking. One of these influential characteristics might be self-esteem, thus this study was to determine the correlation between Critical Thinking Disposition and self-esteem in medical students. Methods: In an analytical cross-sectional study, 289 medical students were selected through stratified random sampling method in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2011. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire containing 3 parts: demographic data, California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory, and Cooper-Smith Self-Esteem Inventory. The results were analyzed by SPSS-16 using descriptive statistics, Pearson and Spearman Correlation Coefficient, ANOVA, Chi-Square and Fisher exact test. Results: Results showed that 98.6% (285 of students had deficiency, 1.4% (4 ambivalence and nobody had positive critical thinking disposition. There was a significantly negative correlation between Critical Thinking Disposition and self-esteem (r=-0.462, P<0.001. Also, there was no a significant relationship between two groups of low self-esteem , high self-esteem , negative and ambivalent Critical Thinking Disposition. Conclusion: It seems that Critical Thinking Disposition, like other psychological variables, is influenced by social factors and social environment plays a role in promoting or undermining it. So, similar studies are recommended to investigate the factors affecting Critical Thinking in medical students.

Shirin Iranfar

2013-12-01

155

Relationship Between Eating Behaviors, Self Esteem and Academic Achievement among Lower Secondary School Students in Meru Klang, Malaysia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study attempted to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, self esteem and academic achievement among lower secondary school students. Cross sectional study was conducted among 274 respondents aged 13 to 15 years old. A questionnaire comprising sociodemographic items, Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ, Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and exam result were taken. Significant relationship were found between low fat eating behavior with academic achievement with (p = 0.008. There was no significant association between meal skipping, emotional, snacking and convenience eating behavior and self esteem toward academic achievement with (p = 0.412 (p = 0.243 (0.05 and (p = 0.812, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that student with low fat eating behavior is less likely to have low academic achievement. In conclusion, further research need to be done in order to explained in detail on these issues.

Khairil Anuar Md. Isa

2012-01-01

156

Assessment Of Relation Between Test Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Success In Instrument For Candidates Of Music Teacher  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine relation between test anxiety, self-esteem and success of instrument training courses for candidates of music teacher. This study was performed with grade three and four students (n=66 attending Music Teaching Department, Ataturk Faculty of Education, Marmara University. Data of the study was collected using Test Anxiety Inventory, Rosenberg SelfEsteem Scale, Personal Information Form and grades obtained by students in examinations of instrument training course and resultant data was analyzed using Pearson’s Product Moment Coefficient andMann Whitney U test. In this study, a significantly relation was found between test anxiety level of music teacher candidates and instrument training success as well as between test anxiety level and self-esteem. No significant difference was found betweenself-esteem and instrument training success. Moreover, it was also evaluated whether test anxiety levels of student differ based on various variables.

Duygu P?J? KÜÇÜK

2010-12-01

157

The Relation Between Submissive Behaviours and Self Esteem State Among Nursing Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine relationship between submissive acts and self esteem among nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive research has been performed with 322 nursing students in Akdeniz University, between February 2007-March 2007. Research data has derived by the questionnaire from that composed of two-parts. In the first part The Submissive Act Scale (SAS) and in the second part The Coopersmith Esteem Inventory (CSEI) has been used. The data analyzed by spear...

Ilkay Arslan Ozkan; Ayse Ozen

2008-01-01

158

Adolescent Self-Esteem: Differences by Race/Ethnicity, Gender, and Age  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Large-scale representative surveys of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students in the United States show high self-esteem scores for all groups. African-American students score highest, Whites score slightly higher than Hispanics, and Asian Americans score lowest. Males score slightly higher than females. Multivariate controls for grades and college plans actually heighten these race/ethnic/gender differences. A truncated scoring method, designed to counter race/ethnic differences in extreme resp...

Bachman, Jerald G.; O’malley, Patrick M.; Freedman-doan, Peter; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Donnellan, M. Brent

2011-01-01

159

Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Health-Related Behaviors among Male and Female First Year College Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships among self-esteem, body image, and health-related behaviors of 267 female and 156 male first-year college students. Data were collected in 23 classrooms. Instruments included a demographic sheet, the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale, the Weight and Appearance Visual Analogue Scales, the Contour Drawing…

Lowery, Sarah E.; Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Befort, Christie; Blanks, Elva Hull; Sollenberger, Sonja; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Huser, Laura

2005-01-01

160

Sex and age differences in body-image, self-esteem, and body mass index in adolescents and adults after single-ventricle palliation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Single-ventricle congenital heart disease (SVCHD) requires multiple palliative surgical procedures that leave visible surgical scars and physical deficits, which can alter body-image and self-esteem. This study aimed to compare sex and age differences in body-image, self-esteem, and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents and adults with SVCHD after surgical palliation with those of a healthy control group. Using a comparative, cross-sectional design, 54 adolescent and adult (26 male and 28 female) patients, age 15–50 years, with SVCHD were compared with 66 age-matched healthy controls. Body-image and self-esteem were measured using the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire–Appearance Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Height and weight were collected from retrospective chart review, and BMI was calculated. Female adolescents and adult patients with SVCHD reported lower body image compared with males patients with SVCHD and healthy controls (p = 0.003). Specific areas of concern were face (p = 0.002), upper torso or chest (p = 0.002), and muscle tone (p = 0.001). Patients with SVCHD who were \\21 years of age had lower body image compared with healthy controls (p = 0.006). Self-esteem was comparable for both patients with SVCHD and healthy peers. There were no sex differences in BMI; BMI was higher in subjects[21 years of age (p = 0.01). Despite the similarities observed in self-esteem between the two groups, female patients with SVCHD\\21 years of age reported lower perceived body-image. Our findings support the need to recognize poor psychological adjustment related to low self-esteem in patients with SVCHD; female patients warrant increased scrutiny. Strategies to help patients with SVCHD cope with nonmodifiable aspects of body-image during the difficult adolescent–to–young adult years may potentially enhance self-esteem and decrease psychological distress. PMID:22314368

Pike, Nancy A; Evangelista, Lorraine S; Doering, Lynn V; Eastwood, Jo-Ann; Lewis, Alan B; Child, John S

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
161

Chinese female nursing students’ coping strategies, self-esteem and related factors in different years of school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Recent research has emphasized the importance of coping. There is virtually nothing known about coping strategies and their relationship with self-esteem, individual and environmental factors among Chinese female nursing students. This study was to identify different coping strategies, the relationship between coping and self-esteem and influencing individual factors among Chinese female students in different years of nursing school. Method: The study used a cross-sectional design. A representative sample composed of 686 female nursing students aged 14 years or older was surveyed in December 2010 using the Simplified Coping Styles Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Personal Data Form for assessment. Results: Nursing students more often used positive rather than negative coping styles (P?0.001. There was significant difference in the positive coping between nursing students in different years of school (P=0.018. The positive coping style was significantly correlated to a higher level of self-esteem, good interpersonal relationships, enough free time for  study alone, a sense of self-fulfillment and satisfaction, adaptation to new study methods, close friendships, help-seeking behavior of an individual, and physical health in the past year (P?0.05. The negative coping style was significantly associated with problems in romantic relationship, relationship with parents, worry about examinations and job assignment after graduation, feeling misunderstood, and frequent surfing on the internet (P?0.05. Conclusion: There were different coping strategies and the important relationship between self-esteem, individual and environmental factors and coping strategies among Chinese female nursing students in different years of school. The teaching strategies that promote the self-esteem and pay more attention to students’ individual and environmental factors will be useful for helping nursing students develop effective coping styles.

Chunping Ni

2012-07-01

162

Improving childrens self-esteem and perceived social related abilities: the evaluation of a school-based program  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

Background and Objective: Health education programmes delivered in school settings are often design to enhance child self–esteem or various social skills in order to improve the way that they interact in every day life. Although these are becoming increasingly frequent, little is known about the real efficacy of many of the available programs that claim to be able to positively develop these psychologica dimensions. This study, which takes a Public Health approach, examines the effect of a school-based educational programme, designed following the WHO recommendations, in order to favour children’s self-esteem and improve perceived socio-relational competences.

Method: To test the effectiveness of this intervention, a non randomized, controlled, prospective study was set up. All 291 eligible students, aged between 8-10 years, were enrolled. To assess self-esteem and perceived supportive relationship, a well-known and descriptive scales were utilised (MSCS, SPPC, AIR.

Results: No difference was found between the experimental and control groups with respect to the children’s self-esteem and perceived socio-relational competences following the intervention, except in the quality of their relationships with their teachers, which improved in the experimental group and declined in the control group.

Discussion: The educational programme used in our study did not seem to be able to enhance self-esteem in the intervention group, but the methodological instruments used to monitor the change in self-esteem domonstrated a different rate of change in the more disadvantaged sub-groups of the observed population.

Patrizia Lemma

2006-12-01

163

Social desirability: the role of over-claiming, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Socially desirable responding (SDR has been widely studied with regards to personality assessment due to fears it may attenuate the predictive validity of decisions made using such assessments (e.g., in personnel selection. A number of scales have been employed to assess individual differences in response distortion. We expand the nomological net for a popular measure of social desirability – the Marlowe-Crowne scale – by correlating individual differences in SDR to measures of over-claiming, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence. Survey results (n = 198 yielded a significant positive correlation between SDR and both self-esteem and emotional intelligence. Over-claiming was found to be negatively related to self-deceptive enhancement, a form of SDR, but not to SDR overall. Regression analyses revealed emotional intelligence explains significant variance in SDR, over and above that which is explained by self-esteem and over-claiming alone (?R2 = .16, p < .01. Implications for personality assessment are discussed.

JESSICA MESMER-MAGNUS

2006-09-01

164

Auto-estima na forma inativa da oftalmopatia de Graves / Inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy and self-esteem  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes portadores de oftalmopatia de Graves, eutireoideanos, na fase inativa, com idade variando entre 26 e 65 anos, média 43 ± 11,0 anos, denominado grupo estudo e 39 indivíduos [...] que não apresentavam oftalmopatia de Graves, com idade variando entre 18 e 67 anos, média de 41 ± 13,4 anos, selecionados na população geral denominado grupo controle. Para avaliar a auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de auto-estima Rosenberg Unifesp-EPM aplicada por meio de entrevista. Os valores dos escores de auto-estima nos dois grupos estudados foram comparados pelo teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. O mesmo teste foi aplicado com objetivo de comparar os resultados obtidos no grupo oftalmopatia de Graves considerando a gravidade da doença. RESULTADOS: Não foi observada alteração com significância estatística na auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves (p=0,057). O grupo estudo apresentou, em média, valores inferiores de auto-estima, comparado ao grupo controle. Não houve diferença da auto-estima entre os pacientes dos subgrupos leve e moderado-grave (P=0,2710). CONCLUSÃO: A oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa não afetou a auto-estima dos pacientes, no grupo estudado. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To assess the self-esteem of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients in the inactive phase. METHODS: Thirty euthyroid patients were evaluated in the inactive phase of disease with age ranging from 26 to 65 years, average of 43 ± 11,0 years, called study group and 39 individuals without Graves' opht [...] halmopathy with age ranging from 18 to 67 years, average of 41 ± 13,4 years, selected from the general population called control group. To evaluate the self-esteem the Rosenberg UNIFESP/EPM self-esteem scale, applied by means of an interview, was utilized. The self-esteem scores in the two studied groups were compared by means of the non-parametric Mann-Whitey test. The same test was applied to compare the obtained scores in the Graves' ophthalmopathy group considering disease severity. RESULTS: No alteration with statistical significance in Graves' ophthalmopathy patients' self-esteem was observed (P=0.057). The study group presented, on average, lower self-esteem values when compared with the control group. There was no difference of self-esteem mild and moderate-severe patients (P=0.2710). CONCLUSION: Graves' ophthalmopathy in the inactive phase did not affect the patients' self-esteem in the group studied.

Magalhães, Carlos Henrique de Toledo; Pereira, Max Domingues; Manso, Paulo Góis; Veiga, Daniela Francescato; Novo, Neil Ferreira; Ferreira, Lydia Masako.

165

Auto-estima na forma inativa da oftalmopatia de Graves Inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy and self-esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes portadores de oftalmopatia de Graves, eutireoideanos, na fase inativa, com idade variando entre 26 e 65 anos, média 43 ± 11,0 anos, denominado grupo estudo e 39 indivíduos que não apresentavam oftalmopatia de Graves, com idade variando entre 18 e 67 anos, média de 41 ± 13,4 anos, selecionados na população geral denominado grupo controle. Para avaliar a auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de auto-estima Rosenberg Unifesp-EPM aplicada por meio de entrevista. Os valores dos escores de auto-estima nos dois grupos estudados foram comparados pelo teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. O mesmo teste foi aplicado com objetivo de comparar os resultados obtidos no grupo oftalmopatia de Graves considerando a gravidade da doença. RESULTADOS: Não foi observada alteração com significância estatística na auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves (p=0,057. O grupo estudo apresentou, em média, valores inferiores de auto-estima, comparado ao grupo controle. Não houve diferença da auto-estima entre os pacientes dos subgrupos leve e moderado-grave (P=0,2710. CONCLUSÃO: A oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa não afetou a auto-estima dos pacientes, no grupo estudado.PURPOSE: To assess the self-esteem of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients in the inactive phase. METHODS: Thirty euthyroid patients were evaluated in the inactive phase of disease with age ranging from 26 to 65 years, average of 43 ± 11,0 years, called study group and 39 individuals without Graves' ophthalmopathy with age ranging from 18 to 67 years, average of 41 ± 13,4 years, selected from the general population called control group. To evaluate the self-esteem the Rosenberg UNIFESP/EPM self-esteem scale, applied by means of an interview, was utilized. The self-esteem scores in the two studied groups were compared by means of the non-parametric Mann-Whitey test. The same test was applied to compare the obtained scores in the Graves' ophthalmopathy group considering disease severity. RESULTS: No alteration with statistical significance in Graves' ophthalmopathy patients' self-esteem was observed (P=0.057. The study group presented, on average, lower self-esteem values when compared with the control group. There was no difference of self-esteem mild and moderate-severe patients (P=0.2710. CONCLUSION: Graves' ophthalmopathy in the inactive phase did not affect the patients' self-esteem in the group studied.

Carlos Henrique de Toledo Magalhães

2008-04-01

166

Predictors of Approach/Avoidance Achievement Goals: Personality Traits, Self-Esteem and Academic Self-Efficacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to examine approach -avoidance achievement goals, five-factor personality traits, self-esteem and academic beliefs within a scope of a model. The study used a relational survey model; the sample group consisted of 513 students (189 male and 324 female enrolled in the Faculty of Education at Gazi University. Students in this sample groups had different demographic features and were from different classrooms. Research data were obtained using the “Achievement Goals Scales,” “Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale,” “Five-Factor Personality Scale” and “Academic Self-Efficacy Scale.” Path analysis modeling was used to test the hypothesis models. It was found that students’ approach and avoidance achievement goals are explained by cause-effect relationship with personality traits, self-esteem and self-efficacy belief. In this study, it was found that self-efficacy belief and self-esteem are the most important variables that predict approach achievement goals and avoidance achievement goals, respectively. The research results were compared to and discussed with regard to the relevant literature.

Mehmet Kandemir

2014-04-01

167

The Relationships of Racial Identity and Gender Role Conflict to Self-Esteem of Asian American Undergraduate Men  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted using a sample of Asian American male college students (N = 173) from one east coast public, research institution and one west coast public, research institution to explore the relationships of racial identity and gender role conflict with self-esteem. The study employed the People of Color Racial Identity Attitudes Scale,…

Shek, Yen Ling; McEwen, Marylu K.

2012-01-01

168

Relationships between Career Counseling Attitudes and Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy among Emirati University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between attitudes toward career counseling, self-esteem, and self-efficacy. Nine hundred and fifty six undergraduate students from United Arab Emirates (UAE) University participated in this investigation. Attitudes Toward Career Counseling Scale (ATCCS; Rochlen, Mohr, & Hargrove, 1999) was adapted to Arabic…

Al-Darmaki, Fatima R.

2012-01-01

169

Long-Term Stability and Reliability of Scores on the Peer-Relations Subscale of the Self-Esteem Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

The stability of scores on the Peer-Relations subscale of the Self-Esteem Questionnaire (SEQ) was examined over 11 to 13 months, longer than in previous research. Participants were 839 mainstream Scottish pupils aged 8 to 14 years old (48% male), allowing for the psychometric qualities of the scale to be assessed in a younger sample than…

Hunter, Simon C.; Boyle, James M. E.; Warden, David

2006-01-01

170

The Effects of Cognitive Behavorial Therapy Group and Social Support Group on the Self Esteem among Breast Cancer Patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is aimed to determine the main effects of CBT group, social support group (DS and control group (KK on the self esteem among breast cancer patients. Rosemberg self esteem scale (RSE was used to measure self-esteem. The treatment group consisted of CBT and DS groups. Each treatment group received 12 counselling sessions within six weeks. Quantitative analysis general linear model (GLM repeated measures was used to identify the groups’ (CBT, DS, and KK main effect, the repeated test RSE scale (pre test, post test 1, post test 2, and post test 3 main effect and the interaction effect (CBT, DS, and KK, and repeated tests RSE scale (pre test, post test 1,post test 2, post test 3. There was no significant difference in the groups (CBT, DS, and KK main effect on the Rosenberg Self Esteem (RSE scores. There was a significant difference (F (3.10 = 66.823,p = 0.0001 (Wilk's Lambda on the repeated test RSE scale (pre test, post test 1, post test 2, and post test 3 main effects on self esteemscore. Overall findings showed an increase in RSE scores between the pre test, post test 1, post test 2 and post test 3.

Namora Lumongga Lubis

2011-12-01

171

Body Image and Self-Esteem in Lower-Limb Amputees  

Science.gov (United States)

Background Limb amputation is often an inevitable procedure in the advanced condition of various diseases and poses a dramatic impact on a patient's life. The aim of the present study is to analyze the impact of lower-limb amputations on aesthetic factors such as body image and self-esteem as well as quality of life (QoL). Methods 298 patients (149 uni- or bilateral lower-limb amputees and 149 controls) were included in this cross-sectional study in three centers. Demographic data was collected and patients received a 118-item questionnaire including the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), the Rosenberg Self-esteem (RSE) scale and the SF-36 Health Survey (QoL). ANOVA and student's t-test were used for statistical analysis. Results Unilateral lower-limb amputees showed a significant lower MBSRQ score of 3.07±0.54 compared with 3.41±0.34 in controls (p<0.001) and a lower score in the RSE compared to controls (21.63±4.72 vs. 21.46±5.86). However, differences were not statistically significant (p?=?0.36). Patients with phantom pain sensation had a significantly reduced RSE (p?=?0.01). The SF-36 health survey was significantly lower in patients with lower-limb amputation compared to controls (42.17±14.47 vs. 64.05±12.39) (p<0.001). Conclusion This study showed that lower-limb amputations significantly influence patients' body image and QoL. Self-esteem seems to be an independent aspect, which is not affected by lower-limb amputation. However, self-esteem is influenced significantly by phantom pain sensation.

Holzer, Lukas A.; Sevelda, Florian; Fraberger, Georg; Bluder, Olivia; Kickinger, Wolfgang; Holzer, Gerold

2014-01-01

172

Quality and correlates of specific self-esteem at the beginning stabilisation phase of schizophrenia.  

Science.gov (United States)

In view of the potential importance of self-esteem in schizophrenia, there is a considerable lack of knowledge about the characteristics of specific self-esteem. The literature suggests that the experience of the self might be particularly destabilised in the transition phase between acute and remission points of the illness. Thus, the present study aims at examining the quality and correlates of different self-concepts at the beginning stabilisation phase of schizophrenia. In this study, 135 patients with schizophrenia were assessed 3 weeks after admission to inpatient treatment. Four central self-concepts were measured by the Frankfurt Self-Concept Scales (FSKN; Deusinger, I.M., 1986, Die Frankfurter Selbstkonzeptskalen (FSKN), Göttingen, Hogrefe). Clinical psychopathologic, neuropsychological and sociodemographic factors were analysed in two-step exploratory correlation and regression analyses to determine their relative contribution to self-concepts. The median of the four self-concepts ranged between -0.9 and -1.4 standard deviations below normative level. The relationship between negative symptoms and self-concepts was consistently significant, even when the contribution of depression was partialed out. In the multivariate analyses, these two symptom clusters explained up to 39% of the variances in our patients' self-evaluation. Neuropsychological dysfunctions were of relatively subordinate relevance for the patients' self-concepts. Thus, our results suggest that specific self-esteem at the point of beginning stabilisation of schizophrenia is significantly confounded not only by depression but also by negative symptoms. PMID:20483167

Wittorf, Andreas; Wiedemann, Georg; Buchkremer, Gerhard; Klingberg, Stefan

2010-09-30

173

Intra-individual variability of self-esteem in adolescents with spina bifida.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore intra-individual variability of global self-esteem and physical self-worth in adolescents with spina bifida (n = 3). Three adolescents were assessed in their schools by auto-evaluation over a period of 12 weeks (three times a week) with the Physical Self Inventory-6, a six-item questionnaire with a visual analogue scale. Statistical analyses included auto-correlation function (ACF) for studying the time series. Descriptive statistics demonstrated that in all the dimensions of physical self and global self-esteem, participants showed great variability over time. Auto-correlation function indicated 20 non-stationary and unstable time series, and four stationary time series. The non-stationary evolution of physical self, and global self-esteem in the three adolescents with spina bifida studied may explain the absence of consensus in the literature on the level of the self-perception. Future longitudinal research needs to be engaged. PMID:14634367

Minelli, S; Ninot, G; Kozub, F M; De Potter, J-C

2003-12-01

174

The relationship between employees’ self-esteem and pertinacity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between employees’ of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 self-esteem and pertinacity. For this reason, employee’s self-esteem was arranged in two dimensions, which are consistency solidity, emotional inconsistency and pertinacity. The questionnaire is based on Kobasa theory including three sides including commitment, control and defiance. There are two basic and three subsidiary theories. Employee of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 is statistical society of this research, which includes 80 people. Reference to restricted volume of statistical society, total statistical society is concerned as under evaluation society. The tool of data gathering is two questionnaires, which are Aizenc’s self-esteem questionnaire and Kobasa’s pertinacity standard questionnaire, which are delivered for evaluating society after perpetuity and justifiability determination. The descriptive statistical methods are used for collected questionnaires analyze. Thus, the descriptive statistical method was used to summarize, to categorize and to interpret statistical data’s. In addition, statistical tests such as Pearson and Freidman’s coherency R are used to test the hypothesis of research. The results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity and its sides on employees of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10. They present maximum relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity control and minimum relationship between pertinacity commitment dimensions.

Jafar Beikzad

2012-01-01

175

Self Esteem Communication Skills and Cooping with Stress of Young Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: Working younger when they are investigated in terms of family structure, socio-economic condition and work condition, working environment, friend?s relation and for various reasons and in terms of expectations, due to risks they carry, they constituted an important group for preventive mental health studies. This study is conducted to determine working youngsters self esteem, communication skills, coping skills. METHODS: The samples of this descriptive study consist of 79 headworkers and foreman students between the ages of 15?24, in the education year of 2004-2005 in Zonguldak Occupation Education Center. The data was collected by the following means: ?Estimating Communication Skills Scale?, ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale?, ?Coping with Stress Scale?, and ?Personal Information Form?, prepared by the researchers. RESULTS: Average of the age group of the study is between 20.87+2.07 and 70.5?% are male. 81.0? % of the youngsters reported that they work in order to acquire a job. Communication skills mean score was 72.15+12.66, self esteem mean score was 2.33+1.97 in the study group. Scores obtained for subgroups of stress coping scale are as follows self confident 2.22+0.59, self unconfident 1.57+0.59, submissive attitudes 1.27+0.63, optimistic attitudes 2.15+0.58 and seeking of social support 1.81+0.63 were determined. Between age and communication skills: between taking role decision making and self esteem, between taking role unconfident and submissive attitudes in coping stress: between working period and self esteem and between confident attitudes in coping stress: between using money and coping with stress with confident attitudes meaningful relationships were determined (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: According to the conclusion of the study in order to reduce negative effects of the working conditions on the youngsters? development of the basic communication skills and development of the stress coping mechanisms would have positive effect on the youngsters. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(1.000: 17-26

Gulcem Sala Razi

2009-02-01

176

Perceived regard explains self- esteem differences in expressivity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Baumeister, Tice, and Hutton proposed that individuals with low self-esteem (LSEs) adopt a more cautious, self-protective self-presentational style than individuals with high self-esteem (HSEs). The authors predicted that LSEs' self-protectiveness leads them to be less expressive--less revealing of their thoughts and feelings--with others than HSEs, and that this self-esteem difference is mediated by their perceptions of the interaction partner's regard for them. Two correlational studies supported these predictions (Studies 1 and 2). Moreover, LSEs became more expressive when their perceived regard was experimentally heightened--when they imagined speaking to someone who was unconditionally accepting rather than judgmental (Study 3) and when their perceptions of regard were increased through Marigold, Holmes, and Ross's compliment-reframing task (Study 4). These findings suggest that LSEs' expressiveness can be heightened through interventions that reduce their concerns about social acceptance. PMID:22711742

Gaucher, Danielle; Wood, Joanne V; Stinson, Danu Anthony; Forest, Amanda L; Holmes, John G; Logel, Christine

2012-09-01

177

Self-Esteem Regulation after Success and Failure to Attain Unconsciously Activated Goals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract People are motivated to establish and maintain a positive self-image. When people fail to attain their goals self-esteem is threatened, and this elicits the motivation to protect or repair self-esteem. We investigated whether success and failure to attain goals affects self-esteem if these goals were unconsciously activated. In three experiments, we tested and confirmed the hypothesis that self-esteem is indeed affected by success and failure to attain unconsciously activa...

2009-01-01

178

Self-esteem regulation after success and failure to attain unconsciously activated goals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"People are motivated to establish and maintain a positive self-image. When people fail to attain their goals self-esteem is threatened, and this elicits the motivation to protect or repair self-esteem. We investigated whether success and failure to attain goals affects self-esteem if these goals were unconsciously activated. In three experiments, we tested and confirmed the hypothesis that self-esteem is indeed affected by success and failure to attain unconsciously activated goals. In two a...

Bongers, Karin C. A.; Dijksterhuis, Ap; Spears, Russell

2009-01-01

179

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young-Adult Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The three main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood; (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult self-esteem; and (3) help rule out the alternative interpretation that the relationship between major depression and self-esteem is due to state depe...

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

180

Evaluating the Link between Self-Esteem and Temperament in Mexican Origin Early Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the relation between self-esteem and temperament in a sample of 646 Mexican-American early adolescents (mean age = 10.4). Findings show that (a) early adolescents with high self-esteem exhibit higher levels of Effortful Control but, contrary to findings in adult samples, do not differ from low self-esteem adolescents in…

Robins, Richard W.; Donnellan, M. Brent; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Life-Span Trajectory of Self-Esteem Development: A Myth or Reality  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem has been regarded as one of the most pivotal component in almost every day human daily activities. Trajectory of self esteem development means that on the average, one's self-esteem is relatively high in childhood, then drops during adolescence, later to arise gradually throughout adulthood, and then declines sharply in old age. The…

Badayai, Abdul Rahman bin Ahmad; Ismail, Khaidzir bin Haji

2012-01-01

182

Does Low Self-Esteem Predict Depression and Anxiety? A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Low self-esteem and depression are strongly related, but there is not yet consistent evidence on the nature of the relation. Whereas the vulnerability model states that low self-esteem contributes to depression, the scar model states that depression erodes self-esteem. Furthermore, it is unknown whether the models are specific for depression or…

Sowislo, Julia Friederike; Orth, Ulrich

2013-01-01

183

Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Low Self-Esteem: A Case Example  

Science.gov (United States)

Low self-esteem is a common, disabling, and distressing problem that has been shown to be involved in the etiology and maintenance of a range of Axis I disorders. Hence, it is a priority to develop effective treatments for low self-esteem. A cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of low self-esteem has been proposed and a cognitive-behavioral…

McManus, Freda; Waite, Polly; Shafran, Roz

2009-01-01

184

Global Self-Esteem, Appearance Satisfaction, and Self-Reported Dieting in Early Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

Global self-esteem, appearance satisfaction, and self-reported dieting are interrelated. This study examines the temporal ordering of global self-esteem and appearance satisfaction across the early adolescence transition, from age 10 to age 14, as well as the independent associations of self-esteem and appearance satisfaction on self-reported…

Barker, Erin T.; Bornstein, Marc H.

2010-01-01

185

What's Mine Is Yours: The Crossover of Day-Specific Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

This diary study examines the daily crossover of self-esteem within working couples. By integrating self-esteem research into the crossover framework, we hypothesized that the day-specific self-esteem experienced by one partner after work crosses over to the other partner. Furthermore, we proposed that this daily crossover process is moderated by…

Neff, Angela; Sonnentag, Sabine; Niessen, Cornelia; Unger, Dana

2012-01-01

186

Exploring Self-Esteem in a Girls' Sports Program: Competencies and Connections Create Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem has been problematic for researchers because it is complex, stable, and hard to measure. When assessing the self-esteem of out-of-school time (OST) program participants, some researchers may think their instruments will not detect changes, either because the program does not last long enough to make a difference or because self-esteem

Markowitz, Ellen

2012-01-01

187

Counselors' Collective Self-Esteem Mediates Job Dissatisfaction and Client Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the central role of professional identity (i.e., collective self-esteem in this study), the authors examined whether collective self-esteem mediated or moderated relations between job dissatisfaction and client relationships in a sample of 132 professional counselors in the United States. Results indicated that collective self-esteem

Yu, Kumlan; Lee, Sang-Hee; Lee, Sang Min

2007-01-01

188

Smoking Behaviour in Youth: The Problem of Low Self-Esteem?  

Science.gov (United States)

Considers the relationship between self-esteem and smoking in youth by analyzing survey data of two Scottish samples of 13 to 14-year-olds (N=2,900). The findings for peer groupings, self-esteem, and smoking indicate that young people who were socially isolated report both lower self-esteem and smoking prevalence, while peer-oriented youth report…

Glendinning, Anthony; Inglis, David

1999-01-01

189

Self-Esteem: What Is It, Why Is It Important and Implications for Outdoor Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

A study of self-esteem found no strong evidence that self-esteem is a good thing in its own right or can lead to other benefits. Self-esteem was strongly related to locus of control, self-efficacy, and a general positive attitude but relatively immune to change. Implications for outdoor education programming are discussed. (TD)

Nichols, Geoff

2002-01-01

190

Field Independence--Dependence and Self-Esteem in Preadolescents: Does Gender Make a Difference?  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between field independence-dependence and self-esteem was studied in 33 preadolescent (sixth-grade) girls and 30 boys. Contrary to prediction, girls did not have lower self-esteem than boys, and the hypothesis that field-independence and self-esteem correlated negatively for girls and positively for boys was confirmed. (SLD)

Bosacki, Sandra; Innerd, Wilfred; Towson, Shelagh

1997-01-01

191

GNVQ science at advanced level: motivation and self-esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

An interview study carried out in the pilot year of the new GNVQ in science at A-level has shown that the use of grading criteria, which require independent learning, as a method of assessment is better for students' motivation and self-esteem.

Solomon, J.

1995-07-01

192

Developing Self-Esteem in the Early Years  

Science.gov (United States)

Jeree Pawl, PhD, former clinical professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco and past director of the Infant-Parent Program located at San Francisco General Hospital responds to questions about how parents and caregivers can support the development of self-esteem in very young children. Contrary to the idea that…

Pawl, Jeree

2012-01-01

193

Extracurricular Activity Involvement and Adolescent Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Structured extracurricular activity participation has been linked to self-esteem and other indicators of positive youth development. This article describes the theoretical basis for this relationship, centering on extracurricular activities as a location for identity development. A summary of the empirical evidence points to the importance of…

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

194

Braille Literacy and Self-Esteem: A Report from Uruguay.  

Science.gov (United States)

Brief excerpts from correspondence from blind persons and their families in Uruguay indicate increased self-esteem resulting from access to braille materials such as a braille newspaper. Braille literacy is seen to enhance the dialog between student and teacher, parent and child, or child and book. Knowledge of community events offered by the…

Elissalde, E.

1996-01-01

195

Self-Esteem and Cooperative Education: A Theoretical Framework.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cooperative education influences four dimensions of self-esteem (competence, acceptance, control, and empowering others) in the following ways: (1) successful mastery experiences; (2) adviser interactions such as advocacy, empathy, and approval; (3) rules, standards, and autonomy that affect individual control; and (4) structured opportunities to…

Fletcher, Joyce K.

1990-01-01

196

Neural Manifestations of Implicit Self-Esteem: An ERP Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Behavioral research has established that humans implicitly tend to hold a positive view toward themselves. In this study, we employed the event-related potential (ERP) technique to explore neural manifestations of positive implicit self-esteem using the Go/Nogo association task (GNAT). Participants generated a response (Go) or withheld a response (Nogo) to self or others words and good or bad attributes. Behavioral data showed that participants responded faster to the self paired with good than the self paired with bad, whereas the opposite proved true for others, reflecting the positive nature of implicit self-esteem. ERP results showed an augmented N200 over the frontal areas in Nogo responses relative to Go responses. Moreover, the positive implicit self-positivity bias delayed the onset time of the N200 wave difference between Nogo and Go trials, suggesting that positive implicit self-esteem is manifested on neural activity about 270 ms after the presentation of self-relevant stimuli. These findings provide neural evidence for the positivity and automaticity of implicit self-esteem.

Wu, Lili; Cai, Huajian; Gu, Ruolei; Luo, Yu L. L.; Zhang, Jianxin; Yang, Jing; Shi, Yuanyuan; Ding, Lei

2014-01-01

197

The Eating Disorders Continuum, Self-Esteem, and Perfectionism  

Science.gov (United States)

Among 261 undergraduate women, increased severity of eating disorders along a continuum was associated with decreased self-esteem, increased perfectionism, and increased scores on 7 subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory-2. Women with eating disorders differed from both symptomatic women and asymptomatic women on all variables, whereas…

Peck, Lisa D.; Lightsey, Owen Richard

2008-01-01

198

Effects of Self-Esteem Enhancement on School Aged Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Advanced Practice Nurses are responsible for monitoring not only the physical well being, but also the mental health of the children in their care. This replication study examined the effect of a self esteem enhancement program on mid-western sixth grader...

S. Caffery M. A. McCubbins

1999-01-01

199

Strategies for Building Your Students' Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three tables list practical ways teachers can improve the self-esteem of hearing-impaired students by (1) promoting feelings of uniqueness and connection, (2) promoting a sense of accomplishment and power, and (3) providing exposure to models. Six appropriate classroom instructional materials are also briefly described. Availability information is…

Luckner, John L.

1987-01-01

200

Communication and Self-Esteem in Adults with Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: It is estimated that around 50-90% of people with learning disabilities experience difficulties in communicating. Previous research has linked communication difficulties and self-esteem in other populations, yet this relationship has not previously been investigated for people with Down syndrome. Aims: To explore the relationship…

Jackson, Claire; Cavenagh, Penny; Clibbens, John

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Implicit self-esteem in borderline personality and depersonalization disorder  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-identity is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD and depersonalization disorder (DPD, fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem, free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined implicit self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emotion, behavior, and temperament, in BPD (n=18, DPD (n=18, and healthy control (n=35 participants. DPD participants had significantly higher implicit self-esteem and were more harm avoidant than BPD and control participants, while BPD participants had more ‘frontal’ behaviors and impulsivity and less self-directedness and cooperativeness than DPD and control participants. Thus, while BPD and DPD commonly overlap in terms of dissociative symptoms and emotional irregularities, differences in self-esteem, behavior, and temperament can help identify where they diverge in terms of their cognition, behavior, and ultimately underlying neurobiology.

HeatherBerlin

2012-04-01

202

Relation between Depression, Loneliness, Self-Esteem and Internet Addiction  

Science.gov (United States)

Problem: Internet addiction has been emerged as a result of excessive internet misuse. In this study, analyzing the effects of depression, loneliness and self-esteem has been aimed in the prediction of the internet addiction levels of secondary education students. Method: The research is conducted according to the cross-sectional model as one of…

Ayas, Tuncay; Horzum, Mehmet Baris

2013-01-01

203

The Dynamics of Self-Esteem in Cognitive Therapy for Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders: An Adaptive Role of Self-Esteem Variability?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem variability is often associated with poor functioning. However, in disorders with entrenched negative views of self and in a context designed to challenge those views, variable self-esteem might represent a marker of change. We examined self-esteem variability in a sample of 27 patients with Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders who received Cognitive Therapy (CT). A therapy coding system was used to rate patients’ positive and negative views of self expressed ...

Cummings, Jorden A.; Hayes, Adele M.; Cardaciotto, Leeann; Newman, Cory F.

2012-01-01

204

Temperamento, neuroticismo e auto-estima: estudo preliminar / Temperament, neuroticism and self-esteem: preliminary study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esta pesquisa investigou correlações entre temperamento, neuroticismo e auto-estima. Participaram da amostra 42 universitários na faixa etária dos 19 aos 21 anos, os quais responderam às Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo, Pavlovian Temperament Survey e Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. [...] Os resultados indicaram que a dimensão força de excitação (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) apresentou correlações negativas significativas com as dimensões vulnerabilidade e ansiedade (Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo); a força de inibição (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) apresentou correlação negativa significativa com a ansiedade da Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo e a mobilidade (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) se correlacionou positivamente com desajustamento psicossocial (Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo). No que se refere à correlação entre Pavlovian Temperament Survey e Escala de Auto-Estima, não foram obtidas correlações significativas. A correlação entre Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo e auto-estima apresentou correlações negativas significativas nas dimensões vulnerabilidade, ansiedade e depressão. Esses resultados, importantes na elaboração e implantação de programas de prevenção e intervenção, permitem verificar como diferentes características de personalidade se relacionam e que perfil individual predispõem. Abstract in english This research investigated the possible correlation among temperament, neuroticism and self - esteem. The sample was composed by 42 students from 19 to 21 years, who answered the Emotional Adjustment /Neuroticism Factorial Scales , Pavlovian Temperament Survey and Rosenberg's Self-esteem. Obtained r [...] esults indicated significant negative correlation between the dimension Strength of Excitement (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) and the dimensions vulnerability and anxiety (Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial Scales), significant negative correlation between the Strength of Inhibition (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) and the anxiety of Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial Scales, and positive correlation between the Mobility (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) maladjustment psychosocial (Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial Scales). There was no significant correlation between Pavlovian Temperament Survey and Self-esteem Scale. The correlation between Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial and Self-esteem Scales presented significant negative correlation in vulnerability, anxiety and depression dimensions. These results are important to the development and implantation of intervention and prevention programs. Also, they bring up the different personality characteristics.

Patrícia do Carmo Pereira, Ito; Mônica, Gobitta; Raquel Souza Lobo, Guzzo.

205

Is Self-Esteem Only Skin-Deep? The Inextricable Link between Physical Appearance and Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the gender differences in perceived physical appearance that contribute to problems such as depression and eating disorders. Ways are explored to help children and adolescents reject media messages and base their self-esteem on genuine qualities. (Author/MKA)

Harter, Susan

2000-01-01

206

Bar??a Yönelik Tutumlar?n Özsayg? ve Cinsiyet De?i?kenleriyle ?ncelenmesi(Investigating the Peace Attitudes with Respect to Self -Esteem and Gender  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Investigating the Peace Attitudes with Respect to Self -Esteem and GenderProblem Statement: It can be seen that studies which are about subjective well-being, optimism and peace have increased since positive psychology was developed. Societies can get better positions by means of positive psychology and peace psychology. We need scientific studies so as to establish this structure. The Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the peace attitudes with respect to self esteem and gender. Method: 471 persons (249 male; 222 female who are adolescents, emerging adults, adults, middle adults and old adults were participated. Peace Attitudes Li’Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used. In the study Independent-Samples T-Test and Pearson Correlation methods were used. Results / Findings: Female’s peace attitudes were more positive (p<.01, t= -2.61 than male’s attitudes. Positive correlation was found between peace attitudes and self- esteem ( p<.01,.28. The results were discussed. Conclusions / Recommendations: This study shows that woman has an important role at peace process. For sustainable peace process, we need their support. In addition to this, it can be useful to have moderately self-esteem for peace.

Ali Ery?lmaz

2009-06-01

207

Change in self-stigma among persons with schizophrenia enrolled in rehabilitation: associations with self-esteem and positive and emotional discomfort symptoms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-stigma is a barrier to the recovery of persons with schizophrenia. Little is known about whether participation in rehabilitation is naturalistically linked to declines in self-stigma, and if so, what is correlated with changes in self-stigma. The current study examined in a quasi-experimental design the rate of change of self-stigma and whether changes were correlated with self-esteem, positive symptoms, and emotional distress for persons enrolled in rehabilitation. Symptoms were measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (Kay, Fizsbein, & Opler, 1987), self-esteem was measured with the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory (Lysaker, Ringer, & Davis, 2008), and self-stigma was assessed using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (Ritsher, Otilingam, & Grajales, 2003). Seventy persons with schizophrenia who worked at least one month in a vocational rehabilitation program were assessed on all measures at baseline and five months later. Results indicated a 25% decrease in self-stigma for 38% of the sample; these individuals tended to have less emotional distress both at baseline and follow-up, and had higher levels of self-esteem at follow-up. No differences in positive symptoms were found for groups whose stigma did or did not decrease. Results suggest that decreases in self-stigma may be correlated with increased self-esteem, while higher levels of emotional distress may be a barrier to stigma reduction. PMID:22468614

Lysaker, Paul H; Roe, David; Ringer, Jamie; Gilmore, Emily M; Yanos, Philip T

2012-08-01

208

Is self-esteem a cause or consequence of social support? A 4-year longitudinal study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Considerable research has been devoted to examining the relations between self-esteem and social support. However, the exact nature and direction of these relations are not well understood. Measures of self-esteem, and social support quantity and quality were administered to 961 adolescents across five yearly time points (Mage  = 13.41 years). Structural equation modeling (SEM) was utilized to test between a self-esteem antecedent model (self-esteem precedes changes in social support), self-esteem consequence model (social support precedes change in self-esteem), and a reciprocal influence model. Self-esteem reliably predicted increasing levels of social support quality and network size across time. In contrast, the consequence model was not supported. The implications of this for helping adolescents to develop higher quality social support structures are discussed. PMID:24138098

Marshall, Sarah L; Parker, Phillip D; Ciarrochi, Joseph; Heaven, Patrick C L

2014-05-01

209

Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Self Esteem of Women in Pakistan  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of intimate partner on the self esteem of women .Since this was a very sensitive area henceforth the triangulation method was used for in-depth study A purposeful sampling was applied after the screening of the participants with the help of HITS (Kevin) The sample included 118 abused women and 98 of them were not abused. The instruments were translated into the native language to commune well with the participants. Both the scales i.e. HI...

Qudsia Tariq

2013-01-01

210

Autoestima em pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia / Self-esteem in patients undergoing blepharoplasty  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Os olhos constituem estruturas anatômicas importantes no conjunto estético da face. O olhar transmite aspectos da personalidade e sentimentos de um indivíduo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes. MÉTODO: No período de maio de 2006 a [...] abril de 2007, 49 pacientes do sexo feminino, com idades entre 30 anos e 40 anos, foram submetidas a blefaroplastia. Nas pálpebras superiores, foram realizadas excisão do excedente cutâneo e ressecção do excesso do corpo adiposo da órbita ("bolsas adiposas"), em todas as pacientes. Em 24 pacientes o fechamento foi feito com Dermabond® (2-octil-cianoacrilato) e em 25 foi realizada sutura intradérmica com mononáilon 6-0. Nas pálpebras inferiores, foi realizada blefaroplastia inferior transconjuntival sem ressecção de excedente cutâneo em 25 pacientes, e blefaroplastia inferior transcutânea com retalho miocutâneo em 24. Em todas as pálpebras inferiores foi ressecado o excedente gorduroso do corpo adiposo da órbita. Para avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes, foi utilizado o questionário The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, aplicado na fase pré-operatória, um mês e três meses após a cirurgia. A análise estatística foi feita pela análise de variâncias com medidas repetidas (ANOVA), complementada pelo método de Bonferroni. Foi empregado o coeficiente de correlação linear de Pearson. A média de idade foi de 34 anos. RESULTADOS: O escore médio da escala de autoestima passou de 7, no pré-operatório, para 4,72 no primeiro mês e 4,63 no terceiro mês de pós-operatório. CONCLUSÕES: Foi observada melhora da autoestima nas pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia, melhora estatisticamente significante apenas nos grupos submetidos a blefaroplastia superior com fechamento com Dermabond e inferior com retalho miocutâneo. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The eyes are important anatomical structures in the aesthetic whole of the face. A person's gaze communicates aspects of their personality and feelings. This study evaluated the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem. METHODS: From May 2006 to April 2007, 49 female patient [...] s aged 30 to 40 years (mean, 34 years) were subjected to blepharoplasty. In the upper eyelids, we excised excess skin and resected excess adipose tissue around the orbit ("fat pockets") in all patients. In 24 and 25 patients, closure with Dermabond® (2-octyl cyanoacrylate) and intradermic suturing with mononylon 6-0, respectively, was performed. In the lower eyelids, we performed lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty without resecting excess skin in 25 patients and lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap in 24 patients. In all the lower eyelids, we resected the excess fat of the adipose body of the orbit. To evaluate the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem, we applied the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale before and at 30 and 90 days after the operation. Statistical analyses were performed by applying analysis of variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni correction, and Pearson's linear correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The mean score in the self-esteem scale changed from 7.0 before the operation to 4.72 and 4.63 after 30 and 90 days of the operation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We observed an improvement in self-esteem after blepharoplasty, but this improvement was only statistically significant in the group subjected to upper blepharoplasty with Dermabond® closure and lower blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap.

Ishizuka, Carlos Koji.

211

Autoestima em pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia Self-esteem in patients undergoing blepharoplasty  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os olhos constituem estruturas anatômicas importantes no conjunto estético da face. O olhar transmite aspectos da personalidade e sentimentos de um indivíduo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes. MÉTODO: No período de maio de 2006 a abril de 2007, 49 pacientes do sexo feminino, com idades entre 30 anos e 40 anos, foram submetidas a blefaroplastia. Nas pálpebras superiores, foram realizadas excisão do excedente cutâneo e ressecção do excesso do corpo adiposo da órbita ("bolsas adiposas", em todas as pacientes. Em 24 pacientes o fechamento foi feito com Dermabond® (2-octil-cianoacrilato e em 25 foi realizada sutura intradérmica com mononáilon 6-0. Nas pálpebras inferiores, foi realizada blefaroplastia inferior transconjuntival sem ressecção de excedente cutâneo em 25 pacientes, e blefaroplastia inferior transcutânea com retalho miocutâneo em 24. Em todas as pálpebras inferiores foi ressecado o excedente gorduroso do corpo adiposo da órbita. Para avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes, foi utilizado o questionário The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, aplicado na fase pré-operatória, um mês e três meses após a cirurgia. A análise estatística foi feita pela análise de variâncias com medidas repetidas (ANOVA, complementada pelo método de Bonferroni. Foi empregado o coeficiente de correlação linear de Pearson. A média de idade foi de 34 anos. RESULTADOS: O escore médio da escala de autoestima passou de 7, no pré-operatório, para 4,72 no primeiro mês e 4,63 no terceiro mês de pós-operatório. CONCLUSÕES: Foi observada melhora da autoestima nas pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia, melhora estatisticamente significante apenas nos grupos submetidos a blefaroplastia superior com fechamento com Dermabond e inferior com retalho miocutâneo.BACKGROUND: The eyes are important anatomical structures in the aesthetic whole of the face. A person's gaze communicates aspects of their personality and feelings. This study evaluated the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem. METHODS: From May 2006 to April 2007, 49 female patients aged 30 to 40 years (mean, 34 years were subjected to blepharoplasty. In the upper eyelids, we excised excess skin and resected excess adipose tissue around the orbit ("fat pockets" in all patients. In 24 and 25 patients, closure with Dermabond® (2-octyl cyanoacrylate and intradermic suturing with mononylon 6-0, respectively, was performed. In the lower eyelids, we performed lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty without resecting excess skin in 25 patients and lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap in 24 patients. In all the lower eyelids, we resected the excess fat of the adipose body of the orbit. To evaluate the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem, we applied the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale before and at 30 and 90 days after the operation. Statistical analyses were performed by applying analysis of variance (ANOVA, Bonferroni correction, and Pearson's linear correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The mean score in the self-esteem scale changed from 7.0 before the operation to 4.72 and 4.63 after 30 and 90 days of the operation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We observed an improvement in self-esteem after blepharoplasty, but this improvement was only statistically significant in the group subjected to upper blepharoplasty with Dermabond® closure and lower blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap.

Carlos Koji Ishizuka

2012-03-01

212

Evaluation of Self-esteem in Nursing Teachers at Public and Private Universities Evaluación de la autoestima en docentes de enfermería de universidades pública y privada Avaliação da autoestima em docentes de enfermagem de universidades pública e privada  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the self-esteem of Nursing faculty in public and private universities and compare the measures presented by two groups of teachers. This descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted with 71 teachers from two universities (public and private) from a municipality in the south of the State of Minas Gerais. After pilot testing and validation, A questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used. It was found that most ...

Fábio de Souza Terra; Maria Helena Palucci Marziale; Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi

2013-01-01

213

MATERNAL SELF-ESTEEM, EXPOSURE TO LEAD, AND CHILD NEURODEVELOPMENT  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The notion that maternal personality characteristics influence cognitive development in their children has been grounded in stress moderation theory. Maternal personality traits, such as self-esteem, may buffer maternal stressors or lead to improved maternal-child interactions that directly impact neurodevelopment. This can be extended to suggest that maternal personality may serve to attenuate or exacerbate the effects of other neurotoxicants, although this has not been studied directly. We ...

Surkan, Pamela J.; Schnaas, Lourdes; Wright, Rosalind J.; Te?llez-rojo, Martha M.; Lamadrid-figueroa, He?ctor; Hu, Howard; Herna?ndez-avila, E. Mauricio; Bellinger, David C.; Schwartz, Joel; Perroni, Estela; Wright, Robert O.

2008-01-01

214

Implicit Self-Esteem in Borderline Personality and Depersonalization Disorder  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-perception is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depersonalization disorder (DPD), fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem (ISE), free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined ISE using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emot...

Hedrick, Alexis N.; Berlin, Heather A.

2012-01-01

215

Professional Self-Esteem of Secondary School Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Professional self-esteem is a very important concept that should be highlighted to the professionals because it makes them understand their worthiness, evaluate their expertise and adjust themselves accordingly with their ambience. As far as the teachers are concerned, it becomes more imperative for them to persistently evaluate their competencies in order to perform their model role in their best. This continuous perusal of their professional abilities is the essence of professional self-est...

Fouzia Tabassum; Muhammad Asghar Ali

2012-01-01

216

Structural Analysis of Relationship of Internet Addiction with Depression, Social Adjustment and Self-Esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Internet has become more widespread, removed borders, and provided the people all over the world with great opportunities. Notwithstanding this, the consequences especially in social and cultural context must not be neglected. One of the harmful aspects of internet is internet addiction disorder. The present study aimed to survey and analyzes internet addiction relationship with depression, social adjustment, and self esteem.Materials & Methods: Our research method is descriptive-correlational. By random sampling and offline method, we have selected a sample consisting of 120 persons from Dubai coffee net users with different native languages, 74males and 46 females, aged at least 18 years old and proficient in the English language. Research tools were young internet addiction test (IAT with reliability ?=0.88, Beck depression inventory with reliability ?=0.84, Sinha social adjustment with reliability ?=0.92 and Eysenck self esteem inventory with reliability ?= 0.87. The data was analyzed with path analysis method.Results: The results from analysis showed that the data has goodness of fit with the presented model (?2=3.17; df=3; P=0.36; GFI= 0.99; AGFI= 0.96; CFI= 1.00; NFI= 0.97; RMSEA=0.02. Scales means in internet addiction was 47.69±17.75; depression 21.29 ± 11.12; social adjustment 19.75±7.91 and self esteem was 15.16±4.16. Path coefficient showed that depression (?= 0.57; t=7.61, social adjustment (?= -0.55; t=13.1 and self esteem (?= -0.32; t=14.8 have significantly predicted internet addiction Conclusion: Internet is an important means in the today’s world, but we have to be fully aware of its dangers .In order to avoid the risks of internet use, vast national and international culture-building activities should be done. The results of our research proved the above-mentioned hypothesis.(Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2012;19(3:41-48

S. Ghanbari

2012-10-01

217

An investigation of the relationship between childhood trauma experince of adolescents and the anger expression styles, self -esteem, life satisfaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of study is to investigate the relationship between childhood traumatic experience of adolescents and the anger expression styles, self-esteem and life satisfaction. The study conducted on 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grade students, the age range 14-18. The sample consisted of 210 female (46%, 240 male (53% total 450 adolescents. To collect data “Childhood Trauma Questionnaire”, “State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory”, “Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale” “Satisfaction of Life Scale” have been applied to the students. The analysis data One Way ANOVA and Pearson Product Momentum Coefficient have been calculated. The results of the study revealed that according to gender there is significant differentiation on emotional and sexual abuse but not physical abuse. In addition the results of the study have been shown that the students who have experienced physical, emotional and sexual abuse significantly differentiated on trait anger and anger expression scales (anger in, anger out, anger control, self esteem and satisfaction of life scales scores. All variables correlations coefficiants were significantly correlated at p<.001 significant level as expected direction.

Ay?e Rezan Çeçen Ero?ul

2013-05-01

218

Group Music Intervention Reduces Aggression and Improves Self-esteem in Children with Highly Aggressive Behavior: A Pilot Controlled Trial  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigated the effects of group music intervention on aggression and self-esteem in children with highly aggressive behavior. Forty-eight children were allocated to either a music intervention group or an untreated control group. The music intervention group received 50 min of music intervention twice weekly for 15 consecutive weeks. The outcome measures were Child Behavior Checklist Aggression Problems Scale (Parents), Child Aggression Assessment Inventory (Teachers) and Rosenberg Self-...

Choi, Ae-na; Lee, Myeong Soo; Lee, Jung-sook

2010-01-01

219

A quantitative, cross-sectional study of depression and self-esteem in teenage and young adult burn victims in rehabilitation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Burns can have a negative physiological and emotional impact, particularly among teenage victims. To assess the presence of depression and level of self-esteem, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 63 teenage and young adult burn victims ages 12 to 20 years undergoing physical and psychological rehabilitation at the Outpatient Unit for Plastic Surgery and Burns at the Central Institute of the Clínicas Hospital of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Assessment instruments included Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE). Internal consistency within and between the two scales was established via Cronbach's-? coefficient. All variables were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the statistical difference between means was compared using Student's t-test. The majority of participants were female (38, 60.3%) and unmarried (59, 93.7%) with a mean total body surface area (TBSA) burn of 23.84%. Most burns (58, 92.10%) were the result of accidents and were located on the trunk (47, 74.6%), head (43, 68%), arms (41, 65%), hands (38, 60%), neck (34, 54%), and forearm (29, 46%). Participants had received physical and psychological rehabilitation for an average of 124.74 months (SD 63.67) from a multidisciplinary team. The majority of participants (33, 52.4%) reported functional and aesthetic after-effects and appraised their scar as visible (51, 81.0%). BDI results showed low levels or absence of depression (mean = 7.63, SD 8.72; scale 0 = no depression to 63 = serious depression); the RSE showed adequate levels of self-esteem (mean = 8.41, SD 4.74; scale 0-30, where higher scores indicate worst levels of self-esteem). Burn location did not affect depression (BDI: P = 0.26) or self-esteem (RSE: P = 0.21). However, depression and self-esteem were more significant in participants who were not able to work and/or go to school than in those who were (BDI: P = 0.04 and self-esteem RSE: P = 0.03). Contrary to the initial hypothesis, this population of teenage burn victims did not experience depression and low self-esteem compared with the normal population described in the literature, which may demonstrate the importance of multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs. PMID:24018389

Teixeira Nicolosi, Júlia; Fernandes de Carvalho, Viviane; Llonch Sabatés, Ana

2013-09-01

220

Depressão e auto-estima entre acadêmicos de enfermagem / Depression and self-esteem among nursing students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Há evidências sobre o aumento dos casos de depressão e suas conseqüências na vida das pessoas. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo objetivou conhecer sinais indicativos de depressão e níveis de auto-estima entre acadêmicos de enfermagem, correlacionando esses indicadores. METODOLOGIA: aplicou-se 2 esca [...] las de avaliação (depressão e auto-estima), auto-respondidas por 242 alunos do 1º, 2º e 3º anos de enfermagem que concordaram em participar. RESULTADOS: Idade entre 17 e 44 anos, sendo 40% acima dos 25, 4,4% não solteiros e 4,9% homens, indicando mudança no perfil dos alunos. Encontrou-se 80,8% de alunos sem depressão sendo que todos com altos níveis de estima pessoal (17%) estavam neste grupo. Os demais (80,4%) tinham níveis médios de auto-estima. A porcentagem de disforia (10,3%) e de depressão moderada e grave (6,7%) bem como os níveis de auto-estima condizem com os índices referidos na literatura. CONCLUSÕES: a freqüência de depressão entre estudantes está em níveis esperados, porém níveis de estima pessoal estão abaixo. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence about the increasing incidence of depression and the consequences in people's lives. OBJECTIVE: This study aymed to describe and correlate depression symptoms and self-esteem levels among nursing students. METHODS: 242 first, second and third-year nursing studen [...] ts agreed to participate and answered two depression scales and one self-esteem assessment instrument. RESULTS: Participants were between 17 and 44 years old; 40% were older than 25; 4.4% were not single and 4.9% were men. These results indicate that the students' profile is changing. 80.8% of students did not present any signs of depression and all students with high self-esteem scores belonged to this group. The remaining (80.4%) presented average self-esteem levels. Levels of dysphoria (10.3%), moderate and severe depression (6.7%) and low and average self-esteem correspond to results mentioned in literature. CONCLUSION: Depression symptoms among nursing students are in accordance with the literature, but measures of self-esteem are below the expected levels.

Antonia Regina Ferreira, Furegato; Edilaine Cristina da, Silva; Mariara Cássia de, Campos; Roberta Peliçari de Toledo, Cassiano.

 
 
 
 
221

Preocupación por la apariencia física y alteraciones emocionales en mujeres con trastornos alimentarios con autoestima baja (Body shape concern and emotional disturbances in women with eating disorders and low self-esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in age, nutritional state (Body Mass Index or BMI, anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction in eating disorder (ED patients with low, medium and high self-esteem. We also attempted to identify discrepancies between the real and desired nutritional state. A total of 146 women with EDs (anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; DSM-IV-TR criteria were evaluated. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES were used as measurement instruments. The results showed significant differences between the low, medium and high self-esteem patients regarding anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction, desired BMI and the relationship between real and desired BMI. The women with low self-esteem presented higher levels of anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction than the other groups. Furthermore, ED patients with low self-esteem have a stronger desire to achieve their ideal BMI. We suggest including self-esteem techniques in ED prevention and treatment programs in order to decrease anxiety and depression symptoms.

María Luisa Avargues Navarro

2012-08-01

222

Parental styles and the stability of self-esteem in adolescence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Relationship between parents and children is significantly important for the forming of identity and its affective component of self-esteem. High and stable self-esteem is being developed in certain family conditions through parental influences to which a child is exposed within a family. In this research the results of a role of different parental styles have been presented in forming of stable self-esteem in adolescents. The research has been done in eight secondary school in Niš. The samp...

Todorovi? Jelisaveta A.

2004-01-01

223

Self-esteem is associated with premorbid adjustment and positive psychotic symptoms in early psychosis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background Low levels of self-esteem have been implicated as both a cause and a consequence of severe mental disorders. The main aims of the study were to examine whether premorbid adjustment has an impact on the subject's self-esteem, and whether lowered self-esteem contributes to the development of delusions and hallucinations. Method A total of 113 patients from the Thematically Organized Psychosis research study (TOP) were included at first treatmen...

Romm Kristin; Rossberg Jan; Hansen Charlotte; Haug Elisabeth; Andreassen Ole A; Melle Ingrid

2011-01-01

224

A Diary Study of Implicit Self-esteem, Interpersonal Interactions and Alcohol Consumption in College Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A 30-day daily diary study examined the relations among implicit self-esteem, interpersonal interactions, and alcohol consumption in college students. Multilevel analyses revealed that students with low implicit self-esteem drank more on days when they experienced more negative interpersonal interactions. In contrast, students with high implicit self-esteem drank more on days when they experienced more positive interpersonal interactions. Spending time with people who were drinking mediated b...

Dehart, Tracy; Tennen, Howard; Armeli, Stephen; Todd, Michael; Mohr, Cynthia

2009-01-01

225

Self-Esteem in Hearing-Impaired Children: The Influence of Communication, Education, and Audiological Characteristics  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI) children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH) children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiological characteristics. Methods This large (N?=?252) retrospective, multicenter study consisted of two age- and gender-matched groups: 123 HI children and 129 NH controls (mean age ?=?11.8 years). Self-reports were used to measure self-esteem across four domains: perceived social acceptance by peers, perceived parental attention, perceived physical appearance, and global self-esteem. Results HI children experienced lower levels of self-esteem regarding peers and parents than NH controls. Particularly HI children who attended special education for the deaf were at risk, even after correcting for their language development and intelligence. Yet, levels of global self-esteem and self-esteem involving physical appearance in HI children equalled those of NH controls. Furthermore, younger age at implantation and longer duration of having cochlear implants (CIs) were related to higher levels of self-esteem. Conclusion HI children experience lower levels of self-esteem in the social domains. Yet, due to the heterogeneity of the HI population, there is high variability in levels of self-esteem. Discussion Clinicians must always be aware of the risk and protective factors related to self-esteem in order to help individual patients reach their full potential.

Theunissen, Stephanie C. P. M.; Rieffe, Carolien; Netten, Anouk P.; Briaire, Jeroen J.; Soede, Wim; Kouwenberg, Maartje; Frijns, Johan H. M.

2014-01-01

226

Self-Esteem and Mastery Trajectories in High School by Social Class and Gender  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using longitudinal data from 769 white adolescents in the Midwest, this research applies a social structure and personality perspective to examine variation in self-esteem and mastery trajectories by gender and SES across the high school years. Analyses reveal that high SES adolescents experience significantly steeper gains in self-esteem and mastery compared to low SES adolescents, resulting in the reversal of SES differences in self-esteem and the emergence of significant SES differences in...

Falci, Christina D.

2011-01-01

227

Associations of multiple domains of self-esteem with four dimensions of stigma in schizophrenia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Research suggests global self-esteem among persons with schizophrenia may be negatively affected by stigma or stereotyped beliefs about persons with severe mental illness. Less clear however, is whether particular dimensions of self-esteem are linked to particular domains of stigma. To examine this we surveyed a range of self-esteem dimensions including lovability, personal power, competence and moral self-approval and four domains of stigma: Stereotype endorsement, Discrimination experience,...

Lysaker, Paul H.; Tsai, Jack; Yanos, Philip; Roe, David

2008-01-01

228

Regular extra curricular sports practice does not prevent moderate or severe variations in self-esteem or trait anxiety in early adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Physical activity is often presented as an effective tool to improve self-esteem and/or to reduce anxiety. The aim of this study was to measure the influence of a regular extra curricular sports practice on self-esteem and anxiety. We conducted a prospective cohort study, which has included all of the pupils entering the first year of secondary school (sixth grade) in the Vosges Department (east France) during the school year 2001-2002 and followed during three years. Data were collected every six months by self-reported questionnaires. 1791 pupils were present at each of the six data collection sessions and completed all the questionnaires, representing 10,746 documents: 835 boys (46.6 %) and 956 girls (53.4 %), in November 2001, the average age was 11.1 ± 0.5 years (mean ± standard deviation). 722 pupils (40.3 %) reported that they had practiced an extra-school physical activity in a sporting association from November 2001 to May 2004 (ECS group), whereas, 195 (10.9 %) pupils had not practiced any extra-school physical activity at all (NECS group). The average global scores of self-esteem (Rosenberg's Scale) and trait anxiety (Spielberger's Scale) of the ECS pupils were, respectively, higher and lower than those of the NECS group. However, the incidence density (number of new cases during a given period / total person-time of observation) of moderate or severe decrease of self-esteem (less than "mean - one standard deviation "or less than "mean - two standard deviations") was not significantly different between the two groups, a finding that was also evident also in the case of trait anxiety. Finally, among ECS pupils, the incidence density of severe decrease of self-esteem was lower at the girls'. Practitioners and physical education teachers, as well as parents, should be encouraged to seek out ways to involve pupils in extra-school physical activities. Key PointsA regular extra-curricular sports practice is associated to better levels of self-esteem and trait anxiety among young adolescent.This activity seems to protect girls from severe variations of self-esteem.Boys do not seem to be protected from moderate or severe variations, neither of self-esteem, nor of trait anxiety, by a regular extracurricular sport practice. PMID:24198689

Binsinger, Caroline; Laure, Patrick; Ambard, Marie-France

2006-01-01

229

Quality of life and self-esteem in patients with paraplegia and pressure ulcers: A controlled cross-sectional study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-esteem in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and pressure ulcers. Method: This study was a controlled cross-sectional study. HRQoL was assessed using the generic Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem/UNIFESP-EPM Scale. A total of 120 patients with traumatic SCI were included in the sample, of which 60 had pressure ulcers and were assigned to the study group, and 60 had no pressure ulcers and were assigned to the control group. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and Student's t-test. Results: Of the 60 patients in the study group, 83.3% were men and the mean age was 38.17 years (SD = 9.08 years). When compared with controls, patients in the study group reported significantly lower scores (worse health status) on all SF-36 subscales (p less than or equal to 0.0013) except for general health (p=0.109). The RSE/UNIFESP-EMP scale total score indicated that patients with pressure ulcers had significantly lower self-esteem than controls (p<0.001). Conclusion: Pressure ulcers had an adverse impact on the HRQoL and self-esteem of patients with SCI. Declaration of interest: There were no external sources of funding for this study. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. PMID:24920204

Lourenco, L; Blanes, L; M Salomé, G; M Ferreira, L

2014-06-01

230

The Role of Religious Orientation, Psychological Well-Being, and Self-Esteem in Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study aimed at finding the relationship of religious orientation (RO, psychological well-being (PWB, and self-esteem (SE with language achievement (LA among Iranian EFL learners. Furthermore, it investigated the predictability of dependent variable (LA using all independent and predictor variables (RO, PWB, and SE. 126 senior and junior students majoring in English Translation and English Literature at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman participated in the study. To obtain the required data, three questionnaires were utilized: Allport and Ross’s (1967 Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale (IEROS to measure extrinsic and intrinsic religious orientations, Short Measurement of Psychological Well-Being by Clarke, Marshall, Ryff, and Wheaton (2001 to measure psychological well-being, and finally, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale by Rosenberg (1965 to assess self-esteem. Moreover, participants’ GPAs in major courses were used as indicators of their language achievement. For analysis of data, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression analysis were used. The results revealed that there was a significant positive relationship between IRO, PWB, and SE with LA and a significant negative relationship between ERO and LA. Additionally, all the independent variables together could predict LA and accounted for 95 percent of variability of students’ GPA.

Elham Moradi

2013-11-01

231

Stereotype Awareness, Self-Esteem and Psychopathology in People with Psychosis  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Stigma is an important environmental risk factor for a variety of outcomes in schizophrenia. In order to understand and remediate its effects, research is required to assess how stigma experiences are processed at the level of the individual. To this end, stereotype awareness (SA) with respect to people with mental illness and their families was explored in persons with psychotic disorder. Method Data from the Dutch Genetic Risk and OUtcome of Psychosis project (GROUP) were analyzed. SA was measured using scales that assess a respondent's perception of common opinions about people with a mental illness and their families. Results People with higher level of self-esteem were less aware of stereotypes about patients and families. People with more severe psychopathology reported more awareness of stereotypes about families, not about patients. Conclusion Enhancing psychological resources, by increasing self-esteem and the ability to cope with symptoms, can be targeted to diminish stereotype threat and improve stigma resilience. Interventions can be tailored to individual differences to increase their impact. Furthermore, in order to diminish detrimental consequences of negative stereotypes, mental health professionals, health educators and experts by experience can inform the public about mental illness and stigma.

van Zelst, Catherine; van Nierop, Martine; Oorschot, Margreet; Myin-Germeys, Inez; van Os, Jim; Delespaul, Philippe

2014-01-01

232

An investigation of third graders’ self-esteem characteristics regarding some variables  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine students’ self-esteem regarding some of the characteristics of friendship. This study was carried out with 532 students attended high schools at central district of Adana province. Data in this study were collected by “Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory” and “Friendship Relation Questionnaire”. Frequency, One-way anova and independent sample t test were used to analyse the data. Results showed that there was no significant difference on students self esteem in terms of gender and the number of close friends, while their self esteem scores differed according to the status of having boy/girl friend, romantic relationship and parent intervention.

Gül?en Büyük?ahin Çevik

2009-02-01

233

The Relationship between Self-esteem, Personality Type and Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sample from English Institutes. The sample consisted of 55 students (13 males and 42 females. Pearson Coefficient-Moment Product Correlation was used to determine the relationship between variables. Results of the study revealed that there was a positive relationship between overall self-esteem and reading comprehension, and overall self-esteem and personality type, in general. Likewise, positive relationships between situational and task self-esteem with reading comprehension were shown but there wasn't a significant relationship between global self-esteem and reading comprehension. Also the relationship between personality type and reading comprehension was insignificant.

Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri

2012-08-01

234

Whether Positive Global Self-Esteem Can Facilitate Second Language Acquisition?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Affective factors are universally acknowledged to play an important role in Second Language Acquisition, but those factors, with a rather wide range, have to be tested one by one so that how relevant each one is to SLA can be discovered. The present study focuses on one of them – self-esteem, which is believed an influential factor in affective domain. Through a case study, complete with questionnaires and interviews, it is believed that there is no relevant proof that the positive global self-esteem can facilitate the second language acquisition.Key words: Affective factors; Self-esteem; Global self-esteem

Dongfeng LI

2013-02-01

235

Relationship Between Self-Concept, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Depression and Academic Achievement in Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran`s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. Moreover, the increase of self-concept and self-esteem are related to the decrease of anxiety and a negative significant relation exists between self-concept, self-esteem and depression which will ensue decrease in academic achievement.

Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ejei, Javad; Khodapanahi, Mohammad-Karim; Tarkhorani, Hamid

236

Self-esteem development from age 14 to 30 years: a longitudinal study.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the development of self-esteem in adolescence and young adulthood. Data came from the Young Adults section of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which includes 8 assessments across a 14-year period of a national probability sample of 7,100 individuals age 14 to 30 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that self-esteem increases during adolescence and continues to increase more slowly in young adulthood. Women and men did not differ in their self-esteem trajectories. In adolescence, Hispanics had lower self-esteem than Blacks and Whites, but the self-esteem of Hispanics subsequently increased more strongly, so that at age 30 Blacks and Hispanics had higher self-esteem than Whites. At each age, emotionally stable, extraverted, and conscientious individuals experienced higher self-esteem than emotionally unstable, introverted, and less conscientious individuals. Moreover, at each age, high sense of mastery, low risk taking, and better health predicted higher self-esteem. Finally, the results suggest that normative increase in sense of mastery accounts for a large proportion of the normative increase in self-esteem. PMID:21728448

Erol, Ruth Yasemin; Orth, Ulrich

2011-09-01

237

Implicit and explicit self-esteem in the context of internet addiction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research has repeatedly found that people suffering from some clinical disorders (e.g., bulimia nervosa, depression) possess low explicit (i.e., conscious, deliberate) self-esteem while at the same time displaying high implicit (i.e., unconscious, automatic) self-esteem. This phenomenon has been termed damaged self-esteem and was proposed to be an indicator of psychological distress. Although Internet addiction has been found to be associated with low levels of explicit self-esteem, as well as with high levels of psychological distress, its relation to implicit self-esteem has, to our knowledge, not been investigated thus far. We therefore hypothesized that the phenomenon of damaged self-esteem could also be found amongst people suffering from Internet addiction, and conducted two studies using the Initial Preference Task as a measure of implicit self-esteem. As expected, we found that individuals scoring high on Internet addiction possess low explicit and high implicit self-esteem. This effect was, however, only found for the first name initial of the Initial Preference Task, leading to the conclusion that first and last name initials might tap into different parts of implicit self-esteem. PMID:21142993

Stieger, Stefan; Burger, Christoph

2010-12-01

238

An Assessment of Positive Organizational Behavior in Service Sector of Pakistan: Role of Organization Based Self-Esteem and Global Self-Esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of positive organizational behavior in the organizations in the service sector of Pakistan. We tested effects of organization based self-esteem, role stressors (role conflict, role overload and role ambiguity, leader-member exchange and perceived organizational support on positive organizational behavior as well as mediation of organization-based-self-esteem in this regard. Moreover, moderation of global self-esteem was also estimated in relationship between organization based self-esteem and positive organizational behavior. Data from 250 respondents from three service sectors of Pakistan (bank, hotel and education was collected through mail survey and using stratified random sampling technique. Data analysis on the usable 215 questionnaires was made by using hierarchical multiple regression. Significant direct and indirect results through mediation of organization based self-esteem were found only for leader-member exchange, perceived organizational support and role ambiguity. Nevertheless, global self-esteem was not found to moderate the relationship of organization base self-esteem and positive organizational behavior. Implications and future research recommendations are also given.

Wafa Khurram

2013-08-01

239

Self-Esteem as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Social Support and Subjective Well-Being among Chinese University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined both the mediating and moderating effects of global self-esteem on the relationship between social support and subjective well-being among Chinese university students. Three hundred and ninety-one university students (260 males and 131 females) from two different Chinese universities completed the social support scale, the…

Kong, Feng; Zhao, Jingjing; You, Xuqun

2013-01-01

240

Puerto Rican Early Adolescents’ Self-Esteem Patterns  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examines self-esteem as a multidimensional construct in 1 Latino subgroup, Puerto Rican girls and boys during early adolescence, using Harter’s (1985b) Self-Perception Profile for Children. The results show that in its English and Spanish versions—the latter developed by the present research team—the Self-Perception Profile for Children has adequate reliability for use with 13- to 14-year-old Puerto Rican youth living on the mainland. Results obtained in this study of Puerto ...

Erkut, Sumru; Szalacha, Laura A.; Garci?a Coll, Cynthia; Alarco?n, Odette

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Body dissatisfaction and body mass in girls and boys transitioning from early to mid-adolescence: additional role of self-esteem and eating habits  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In the transition from early to mid-adolescence, gender differences in pubertal development become significant. Body dissatisfaction is often associated with body mass, low self-esteem and abnormal eating habits. The majority of studies investigating body dissatisfaction and its associations have been conducted on female populations. However, some evidence suggests that males also suffer from these problems and that gender differences might already be observed in adolescence. Aims To examine body dissatisfaction and its relationship with body mass, as well as self-esteem and eating habits, in girls and boys in transition from early to mid-adolescence. Methods School nurses recorded the heights and weights of 659 girls and 711 boys with a mean age of 14.5 years. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Body Dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorder Inventory were used as self-appraisal scales. Eating data were self-reported. Results The girls were less satisfied with their bodies than boys were with theirs (mean score (SD: 30.6 (SD 12.2 vs. 18.9 (SD 9.5; p? Conclusions Body mass, self-esteem and eating habits revealed a significant relationship with body dissatisfaction in the transitional phase from early to mid-adolescence in girls and boys, but significant gender differences were also found.

Mäkinen Mauno

2012-06-01

242

Does Self-Esteem Moderate the Relations among Perceived Stress, Coping, and Depression?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined self-esteem as a moderator of the influence of perceived stress and coping on symptoms of depression in a sample of 713 college students. The results suggest that self-esteem may play an important role in the development of depressive symptoms in college students through interactions with perceived stress and coping. If an…

Eisenbarth, Chris

2012-01-01

243

An Application of Gough's Conceptual Model to a Measure of Adolescent Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Some preliminary data on Self-Esteem Questionnaire (SEQ), organized along Gough's conceptual model of primary, secondary, and tertiary evaluation, are presented. The SEQ appears to discriminate groups along a self-esteem continuum; fits in well with a variety of theoretical approaches; does not have loadings on sex, intelligence, or social status.…

Domino, George; Blumberg, Elaine

1987-01-01

244

Construct Validation of Bachman and Palmer's (1996) Strategic Competence Model over Time in EFL Reading Tests  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on a large-scale study that aims to validate the theory of strategic competence proposed by Bachman and Palmer (1996) through the use of structural equation modeling (SEM). The present study examines the relationship of test-takers' long-term strategic knowledge (i.e., trait strategies) and actual strategy use (i.e., state…

Phakiti, Aek

2008-01-01

245

Self-Esteem and Use of the Internet among Young School-Age Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The literature suggests a relationship between technology use and self-esteem. Such research has failed toconsider young school-aged children and their use of the internet, particularly across contexts. Thirty-eightchildren aged 6 to 8 years rated the level and nature of their internet use (email, instant message, play games,visit websites at home, school and in the community (i.e., at someone else’s house. They also rated items thatmeasured home, school and peer self-esteem. Instant messaging at school explained 21% of the differences inschool self-esteem. As children tended to report instant messaging at school, they also tended to report thehighest school-based self-esteem. Instant messaging at someone else’s house explained 11% of the differences inhome self-esteem. As children tended to report instant messaging at someone else’s house, they also tended toreport the lowest home self-esteem. Visiting websites at someone else’s house explained 10% of the differencesin peer self-esteem. As children tended to report visiting websites at someone else’s house, they also tended toreport the highest peer self-esteem. Internet use during the early school years is related to children’s sense of selfand mediated by context.

Genevieve Marie Johnson

2011-11-01

246

Parental Conflict and its Effects on Youth Self Esteem (A Study At University of Punjab  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research was conducted to probe the effects of parental conflict on youth self esteem. Objective of study was to explore reasons behind parental conflict, to measure the level of parental conflict on behavior of children, to find out change in the behavior of children, to identify the role of parents in the self esteem of children, to know how parent conflict and self esteem of children are related. Some 200 students from different departments of university of Punjab were selected by using appropriate sampling techniques. Questionnaire was designed to measure the level of impact of parental conflicts on children’s self esteem. Perceived inter-parental conflict and parental style discrepancies in nurturance and in authoritarianism were significantly and negatively related to self-esteem, but the best predictors of self-esteem were the parental styles themselves. Warm nurturing parents were more likely to have high self-esteem children and demonstrated less conflict in marital partnerships. Correlations between marital conflict and self-esteem may reflect parental characteristics.

Salma Nazir

2012-09-01

247

Body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, and overweight among inner-city Hispanic children and adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We examined the associations among self-reported body image, self-esteem, and measured body mass index (BMI) in El-Salvadoran American youth. Higher BMI was associated with body size dissatisfaction, lower peer esteem, and attempts to lose weight. Body size dissatisfaction was also significantly related to self-esteem in these El-Salvadoran American youth.

Mirza, Nazrat M.; Davis, Dawnavan; Yanovski, Jack A.

2005-01-01

248

"It's Good for Their Self-Esteem": The Substance beneath the Label  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper provides an informed and critical understanding of the concept of self-esteem. It explores this psychological construct in relation to its use in adventure education and outdoor learning. Enhancing a participant's self-esteem is perceived to be fundamentally a good thing and is culturally linked to the Hahnian notion that implies…

Leather, Mark

2013-01-01

249

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

250

Promoting Self-Esteem in Adolescents: The Influence of Wellness Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the extent to which holistic wellness factors are predictive of self-esteem, the authors administered the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventories, School Form (Coopersmith, 2002), and the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (Myers & Sweeney, 2005a) to 225 adolescents ages 15 to 17 years. Wellness factors (Coping Self, Social Self, and Creative…

Myers, Jane E.; Willse, John T.; Villalba, Jose A.

2011-01-01

251

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young Adult Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The 3 main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood, (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult…

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

252

Examination of the Professional Self-Esteem of Teacher Candidates Studying at a Faculty of Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to determine the professional self-esteem levels of teacher candidates studying at the Faculty of Education, Ahi Evran University, Kirsehir, Turkey, to examine whether certain variables create any differences in their professional self-esteem levels and to propose suggestions in accordance with the results. The study was conducted…

Aral, Neriman; Gursoy, Figen; Ceylan, Remziye; Bicakci, Mudriye Yildiz

2009-01-01

253

Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive…

Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

2013-01-01

254

An Alternative to Self-Esteem: Fostering Self-Compassion in Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

For more than a generation, the idea that children need nurturance of a high self-esteem in order to be developmentally healthy has had wide acceptance in Western psychology. A generation of parents has been told that one of their key tasks is to increase their children's self-esteem, and teachers have been trained to give accolades, gold stars,…

Persinger, James

2012-01-01

255

Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Distress: The Role of Personal and Ethnic Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study aimed to draw on 2 theoretical models to examine the relationship between perceived ethnic discrimination and psychological distress in a sample of ethnic minority young people (N=154). Analysis provided no support for the hypothesis derived from the self-esteem theory of depression that self-esteem (personal and ethnic)…

Cassidy, Clare; O'Connor, Rory C.; Howe, Christine; Warden, David

2004-01-01

256

The Developmental Costs of High Self-Esteem for Antisocial Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Two hypotheses--high self-esteem leads children to act on antisocial cognitions (disposition-activating hypothesis) and high self-esteem leads children to rationalize antisocial conduct (disposition-rationalizing hypothesis)--were investigated in two longitudinal studies. In Study 1 (N = 189; mean age = 11.1 years), antisocial behavior was…

Menon, Madhavi; Tobin, Desiree D.; Corby, Brooke C.; Menon, Meenakshi; Hodges, Ernest V. E.; Perry, David G.

2007-01-01

257

Parental Alcohol Use, Family Relationship Quality, Self-Esteem, and Depression in College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Family relationship quality, not parental alcohol use, predicted levels of depression and self-esteem in 201 college students. Witnessing spousal abuse related to increased depression in adult children of alcoholics, whole poorer family relationship quality was associated with lower self-esteem, suggesting the experience of paternal alcoholism is…

Kashubeck, Susan; Christensen, Sue A.

1995-01-01

258

Building Self-Esteem: A Self-Help Guide. Recovering Your Mental Health Series.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low self-esteem is a constant companion for too many people, especially those who experience depression, anxiety, phobias, psychosis, delusional thinking, or who have an illness or a disability. Low self-esteem keeps people from enjoying life, doing the things they want to do, and working toward personal goals. This booklet suggests ideas for…

Copeland, Mary Ellen

259

Attributions to Discrimination and Self-Esteem: The Role of Group Identification and Appraisals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract This study tested the hypothesis that appraisals of discrimination (i.e. its perceived severity, global aspects, stability, and uncontrollability) mediate the relationship between attributions to discrimination and personal self-esteem. It also tested three models of how ethnic group identification is related to discrimination attributions, discrimination appraisals, and personal self-esteem. In ...

2006-01-01

260

Hope, Self-Esteem, and Self-Regulation: Positive Characteristics among Men and Women in Recovery  

Science.gov (United States)

Hopefulness remains unclear in relation to aspects of self-control and self-esteem among adults in substance abuse recovery. The present study explored the relationship between dispositional hope (agency and pathway) with self-esteem (self-liking, self-competency, and self-confidence) and self-regulation (impulse control and self-discipline),…

Ferrari, Joseph R.; Stevens, Edward B.; Legler, Raymond; Jason, Leonard A.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

The Relationship of Body Size and Adiposity to Source of Self-Esteem in College Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Studies looking at self-esteem and body size or adiposity generally demonstrate a negative relationship. However, the relationship between the source of self-esteem and body size has not been examined in college women. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of body size and adiposity to source of…

Moncur, Breckann; Bailey, Bruce W.; Lockhart, Barbara D.; LeCheminant, James D.; Perkins, Annette E.

2013-01-01

262

Navigating Two Cultures: Deaf Children, Self-Esteem, and Parents' Communication Patterns.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the effect that hearing parents' communication methods have on the self-esteem of their deaf children. Results indicate that adolescents whose parents used total communication (speech, finger spelling, and sign language) had higher self-esteem scores than adolescents whose parents used speech only. Makes recommendations for school social…

Desselle, Debra D.; Pearlmutter, Lynn

1997-01-01

263

Psychological Traits and Behavioral Coping of Psychiatric Consumers: The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

A positive coping style can be critical to successful rehabilitation of psychiatric consumers. Using structural equation modeling, this study examined the relationships among consumers' psychological characteristics, self-esteem, and behaviors, and the role of self-esteem in mediating the relationships between psychological characteristics and…

Kahng, Sang K.; Mowbray, Carol T.

2005-01-01

264

A STUDY OF LOCUS OF CONTROL AND SELF ESTEEM AMONG BOYS AND GIRLS COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective of the study was to search locus of control and self esteem among boys and girls college students. Hypothesis: Boys college students will be high Locus of Control (External Locus of Control than girls' college's students. Second hypothesis: there will be significant difference between boys and girls college students on dimension self esteem.

Thale Arti Subhashrao

2014-05-01

265

Stress, Self-Esteem, Hope, Optimism, and Well-Being in Urban, Ethnic Minority Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined hope, optimism, self-esteem, social support, stress, and indices of subjective well-being (SWB) in 137 low-income, urban, ethnic minority adolescents. Hope, optimism, and self-esteem were significant predictors of SWB indices, but stress predicted only 1 SWB index: negative affect. No moderators of stress and negative affect…

Vacek, Kimberly R.; Coyle, Laura D.; Vera, Elizabeth M.

2010-01-01

266

Adolescent Girls' Sex Role Development: Relationship with Sports Participation, Self-Esteem, and Age at Menarche.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates development of sex role orientation among adolescent girls, and explores its relationship with sports participation, self-esteem, and age at menarche. Concludes that relationship of sex role orientation with sports participation and self-esteem was not an interactive one, but was reflective of individual differences beginning in late…

Butcher, Janice E.

1989-01-01

267

Implicit self-esteem in borderline personality and depersonalization disorder.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-perception is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depersonalization disorder (DPD), fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem (ISE), free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined ISE using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emotion, behavior, and temperament, in BPD (n?=?18), DPD (n?=?18), and healthy control (n?=?35) participants. DPD participants had significantly higher ISE and were more harm avoidant than BPD and control participants, while BPD participants had more "frontal" behaviors and impulsivity and less self-directedness and cooperativeness than DPD and control participants. Thus, while BPD and DPD commonly overlap in terms of dissociative symptoms and emotional irregularities, differences in self-esteem, behavior, and temperament can help identify where they diverge in terms of their cognition, behavior, and ultimately underlying neurobiology. PMID:22493585

Hedrick, Alexis N; Berlin, Heather A

2012-01-01

268

Intensification of Renal Nurses’ Self-Esteem: A Pilot Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Renal nurses should have counselling and communication skills with patients, to deal with stressful situations at work. A prerequisite for the acquisition of these skills is renal nurses’ self-knowledge. This study aims to present the effectiveness of an ongoing training program to renal nurses related to selfesteem.Methodology: A quasi experimental research, which has a theoretical background from the Rational- Emotive Behaviour Therapy of A. Ellis and from the transformative learning of J. Mezirow. The programattended 31 renal nurses working in district hospitals.Results: During evaluation of the training activity it was quite successful at the cognitive effect that occurred to the participants. In emotional and in behavioural level, almost 80% of participants improved their attitude towards the absurd ideas that formed their self-esteem by 90%.Conclusion: All who attended the program improved their attitude regarding their absurd ideas-beliefs, something that reduced person’s self-esteem, making further negative consequences for their psychosomatic health.

Stiliani Tziaferi

2012-01-01

269

Does low self-esteem enhance social pain? The relationship between trait self-esteem and anterior cingulate cortex activation induced by ostracism  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

According to sociometer theory, self-esteem serves as a barometer of the extent to which individuals are socially included or excluded by others. We hypothesized that trait self-esteem would be related to social pain responsiveness, and we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to experimentally investigate this potential relationship. Participants (n = 26) performed a cyberball task, a computerized game of catch during which the participants were excluded from the game. Participants then...

Onoda, Keiichi; Okamoto, Yasumasa; Nakashima, Ken’ichiro; Nittono, Hiroshi; Yoshimura, Shinpei; Yamawaki, Sigeto; Yamaguchi, Shuhei; Ura, Mitsuhiro

2010-01-01

270

Effects of Advertising Exposure on Materialism and Self-Esteem: Advertised Luxuries as a Feel-Good Strategy?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Two experiments investigate the relations between advertising exposure, self-esteem and materialism. Evidence is found that ads for luxury products may influence consumers’ levels of materialism and self-esteem. Consumers who claim being able to buy advertised luxuries report increased levels of materialism and an enhanced self-esteem after the exposure. In contrast, not being able to buy advertised luxuries appears to threaten consumers’ self-esteem and to diminish their materialistic pu...

Lens, I.; Pandelaere, Mario; Warlop, L.

2010-01-01

271

IMPACT OF AGE AND SPORTS PARTICIPATION ON SELF ESTEEM OF ADOLESCENT BOYS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available -The purpose of the study was to see the impact of age and sports participation on self-esteem of adolescent boys. Total 200 adolescent boys were selected from various public schools of New Delhi where 100 boys have participated in sports and 100 boys have not participated in sports. Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965 was used as a criterion measure for self-esteem. Mean, Standard Deviation, and Two-Way ANOVA were employed as statistical techniques for computation of Selfesteem of school boy students. Results revealed that boys who have participated in sports have higher self-esteem than the boys who have not participated in sports. Participation in sports had effected on selfesteem of different age group but age group alone did not effect on self-esteem of adolescent boys.

Alfred Basumatary

2014-06-01

272

MEASURING SELF-ESTEEM OF DEAF/HARD OF HEARING COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines Deaf/hard of hearing college students' implicit and explicit self-esteem, with thirty-six 18 to 21 year old (Age ± SD, 19.4±0.9 subjects. Following are the results of this study: Just as hearing students, Deaf/hard of hearing students also have significant implicit self-esteem effect; none of the observed correlations with explicit esteem is significant for either attributive IAT or the affective IAT; Implicit self-esteem of males is higher than that of females; No significant correlation exists between implicit self-esteem and the level of depression. Social comparisons and negative evaluations and attitudes of others always tend to damage explicit self-esteem of Deaf/hard of hearing students. However, positive self-attitude characterizations still exist in their self-schema.

Jin ZHENG

2013-03-01

273

Auto-estima em pacientes com carcinomas de pele / Self-esteem outcomes among non melanoma skin cancer patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a auto-estima de pacientes com carcinomas de pele da face e do pescoço. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 100 pacientes, com idades entre 30 e 90 anos (mediana = 55 anos), sendo 44 eram do gênero masculino e 56 do gênero feminino. O Grupo Estudo foi composto por 50 pacientes portadores de c [...] arcinomas de pele na face e no pescoço, com tamanho igual ou maior a 10 mm no seu maior eixo e com diagnóstico confirmado por biópsia prévia. O Grupo Controle consistiu de 50 indivíduos da população geral. Para avaliação da auto-estima, utilizou-se a Escala de Auto-estima de Rosenberg / UNIFESP-EPM. A análise estatística utilizou com o teste de Mann-Whitney e a Análise de Variância de Kruskal Wallis. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes portadores de câncer de pele e os da população geral não apresentaram diferenças significantes em relação à idade (p=0,331), gênero e escolaridade. O tamanho médio do tumor foi 20,9 + 2 mm. Os pacientes com câncer de pele apresentaram auto-estima significantemente mais baixa, com escore médio de 6,84 e 3,90 para o Grupo Controle (p=0,002). CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes com câncer de pele na face e no pescoço apresentaram auto-estima menor do que os pacientes sem câncer. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: To evaluate self-esteem among patients with skin cancer of the face and the neck area. METHODS: One hundred patients were studied, with ages ranging between 30 and 90 years old (median = 55 years old). There were 44 males and 56 females. We divided them in two groups. One group had fifty [...] patients with skin cancers, equal or larger than 10mm in the greater axis, and the pathological status was confirmed by previous biopsy. The control group had 50 patients without skin cancer. Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM's Self-esteem Scale was used to evaluate self-esteem. Data were analyzed by Mann - Whitney's test and Kruskal Wallis test. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups in relation to age (p = 0.331), sex and education. The mean tumor size was 20.9 ± 2 mm. Skin cancer patients presented significantly lower self-esteem, with average score of 6.84 and 3.90 for the control group (p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: Patients with skin cancer of the head and neck presented lower self-esteem than individuals without cancer.

Carvalho, Marcelo Prado de; Oliveira Filho, Renato Santos de; Gomes, Heitor Carvalho; Veiga, Daniela Francescato; Juliano, Yara; Ferreira, Lydia Masako.

274

The effect of educational group therapy plan on self–esteem rate in adolescent girls  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Adolescence is a period of major changes in various aspects of physical, mental and social caracters they may get. There are new requirements for the changes have been occurred. Attention to these needs, in turn, are faster and better compatibility and increase self-esteem. Self-esteem is the basic factor of personality development in adolescents. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of educational group therapy on self-esteem of adolescent girls.Materials and Method: This is a quasi- experimental study. Seventy-one adolescent girls of 13-15 years old were selected cluster-randomly from guidance school and divided in two groups of experimental and control (35 cases, 36 controls. Self-esteem of adolescents in two groups measured using Pop test. Then the educational group therapy plan was utilized based on promotion of adolescent’s self- esteem at 10 sessions for case group. Self-esteem rate was measured just after the performance of planned session and were analyzed with SPSS-14 software.Results: The results of the study indicated that performing educational group therapy session can increase the mean self-esteem score for case group (84.74 comparing to control group (74.05. Independent t-test shows significant difference between self-esteem score in case and control groups.Conclusion: According to our results the authors suggest that using educational group therapy plan is an effective approach in increasing self-esteem in adolescent girls and may improve mental health. Therefore, we suggest this plan for increasing self-esteem of adolescents in the schools

Roya Turkashvand

2011-07-01

275

Understanding the Different Realities, Experience, and Use of Self-Esteem between Black and White Adolescent Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

African American adolescent females possess higher self-esteem than any other racial or ethnic adolescent female group. This article tests two popular empirically supported explanations for Black high self-esteem: "contingency of self-esteem theory" and the "locus of control model". This article builds on past research to illustrate the specific…

Adams, Portia E.

2010-01-01

276

The Relations among Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Delinquency in a Sample of At-Risk Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study explores the relation between narcissism and delinquency among 372 at-risk 16-18-year-olds. The study also considered the relation between narcissism and self-esteem, as well as the potential interaction between narcissism and self-esteem for predicting delinquency in this age group. Narcissism and self-esteem were positively…

Barry, Christopher T.; Grafeman, Sarah J.; Adler, Kristy K.; Pickard, Jessica D.

2007-01-01

277

REGULAR EXTRA CURRICULAR SPORTS PRACTICE DOES NOT PREVENT MODERATE OR SEVERE VARIATIONS IN SELF-ESTEEM OR TRAIT ANXIETY IN EARLY ADOLESCENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Physical activity is often presented as an effective tool to improve self-esteem and/or to reduce anxiety. The aim of this study was to measure the influence of a regular extra curricular sports practice on self-esteem and anxiety. We conducted a prospective cohort study, which has included all of the pupils entering the first year of secondary school (sixth grade in the Vosges Department (east France during the school year 2001-2002 and followed during three years. Data were collected every six months by self-reported questionnaires. 1791 pupils were present at each of the six data collection sessions and completed all the questionnaires, representing 10,746 documents: 835 boys (46.6 % and 956 girls (53.4 %, in November 2001, the average age was 11.1 ± 0.5 years (mean ± standard deviation. 722 pupils (40.3 % reported that they had practiced an extra-school physical activity in a sporting association from November 2001 to May 2004 (ECS group, whereas, 195 (10.9 % pupils had not practiced any extra-school physical activity at all (NECS group. The average global scores of self-esteem (Rosenberg's Scale and trait anxiety (Spielberger's Scale of the ECS pupils were, respectively, higher and lower than those of the NECS group. However, the incidence density (number of new cases during a given period / total person-time of observation of moderate or severe decrease of self-esteem (less than "mean - one standard deviation" or less than "mean - two standard deviations" was not significantly different between the two groups, a finding that was also evident also in the case of trait anxiety. Finally, among ECS pupils, the incidence density of severe decrease of self-esteem was lower at the girls'. Practitioners and physical education teachers, as well as parents, should be encouraged to seek out ways to involve pupils in extra-school physical activities

Caroline Binsinger

2006-03-01

278

The comparison of self-esteem between male and female cancer patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Aim: Chronic illnesses, such as cancer, can cause changing in self-esteem. This study has been perform to compare the self-esteem between male and female cancer patients. Methods & Materials: In this research 101 patients (51 women and 50 men with different types of cancer (solid tumors and leukemia have selected by simple sampling method. The tool for gathering data was a questionnaire, with three parts: demographic characteristics, disease characteristics, and Cooper smith self-esteem inventory. Data collection was done through interview, patient’s charts and patients self-report. The descriptive and analytic statistics have been used and the exams were “chi-2” and “Fisher”, through SPSS software. Results: This study showed that the majority of cancer patients in male and female group have moderate level of self-esteem. There is no significant difference in self-esteem of men and women with cancer and the majority of them (84.3% women and (%76 men have moderate self-esteem, but noticeable difference between men and women is connected to the variables that are related to self-esteem, whereas, men’s self-esteem has not any significant meaningful relationship with demographic variables, meanwhile, variables of being under support of somebody (p=0.005 and having caregivers at home (p=0.039 have a meaningful relationship with women’s’ self-esteem. Among the diseases’ characters change or decrease in function of different parts of body has a meaningful relationship with men’s (p=0.014 and women’s (p=0.005 self-esteem. Constipation is the only other variable related to men’s’ self-esteem (p=0.071, but about women there are some variables related to the self-esteem of them consist of duration of amputation (p=0.018, anorexia (p=0.001, alopecia (p=0.027 and fatigue (p=0.021. Conclusion: It seems that, in comparison between tow genders with cancer although the women’s self- esteem is related to more variables than men, but, recognition and specify these variables can help nurses to design an effective care-plan to meet the gender-specific needs.

Noghani F

2006-11-01

279

Transtornos mentais comuns e auto-estima na gestação: prevalência e fatores associados / Common mental disorders and self-esteem in pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) e sua relação com auto-estima, bem como outros fatores associados à ocorrência de TMC em gestantes. Foi realizado um estudo transversal aninhado a uma coorte no qual participaram gestantes atendidas no serv [...] iço de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde na cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foi utilizado para o rastreamento de transtornos mentais comuns o Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) e, para avalia a auto-estima, a Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. A amostra constituiu-se de 1.267 gestantes, que tinham em média 25 anos (dp = 6,53). A média de auto-estima foi de 9,3 pontos (dp = 4,76) e a prevalência de TMC em gestantes foi de 41,4%. Evidenciou-se, também, que quanto menor a auto-estima da grávida maiores são as chances de associação a TMC (p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and the association with self-esteem and other factors in pregnant women. A nested cross-sectional study was performed in a cohort of pregnant women treated in the public health system in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, [...] Brazil. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) was used to screen for common mental disorders and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale for self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,267 pregnant women with a mean age of 25 years (SD = 6.53). Mean self-esteem was 9.3 points (SD = 4.76), and prevalence of common mental disorders was 41.4%. Lower self-esteem was associated with higher odds of common mental disorders (p

Silva, Ricardo Azevedo da; Ores, Liliane da Costa; Mondin, Thaíse Campos; Rizzo, Raquel Nolasco; Moraes, Inácia Gomes da Silva; Jansen, Karen; Pinheiro, Ricardo Tavares.

280

Transtornos mentais comuns e auto-estima na gestação: prevalência e fatores associados / Common mental disorders and self-esteem in pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) e sua relação com auto-estima, bem como outros fatores associados à ocorrência de TMC em gestantes. Foi realizado um estudo transversal aninhado a uma coorte no qual participaram gestantes atendidas no serv [...] iço de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde na cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foi utilizado para o rastreamento de transtornos mentais comuns o Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) e, para avalia a auto-estima, a Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. A amostra constituiu-se de 1.267 gestantes, que tinham em média 25 anos (dp = 6,53). A média de auto-estima foi de 9,3 pontos (dp = 4,76) e a prevalência de TMC em gestantes foi de 41,4%. Evidenciou-se, também, que quanto menor a auto-estima da grávida maiores são as chances de associação a TMC (p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and the association with self-esteem and other factors in pregnant women. A nested cross-sectional study was performed in a cohort of pregnant women treated in the public health system in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, [...] Brazil. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) was used to screen for common mental disorders and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale for self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,267 pregnant women with a mean age of 25 years (SD = 6.53). Mean self-esteem was 9.3 points (SD = 4.76), and prevalence of common mental disorders was 41.4%. Lower self-esteem was associated with higher odds of common mental disorders (p

Silva, Ricardo Azevedo da; Ores, Liliane da Costa; Mondin, Thaíse Campos; Rizzo, Raquel Nolasco; Moraes, Inácia Gomes da Silva; Jansen, Karen; Pinheiro, Ricardo Tavares.

 
 
 
 
281

Relationship between self-esteem and obesity, and some lifestyle factors in employed women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years, the increase in obesity worldwide has drawn more attention to its undesirable effects on the people’s physical and psychological health. Studies done on the subject have produced contradictory results on the relation between obesity and self-esteem. The reason could be that individuals with higher self-esteem may have chosen a better lifestyle because they had a higher respect for themselves. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem and BMI and some lifestyle factors in employed women.Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study conducted on 125 obese women 25-45 years of age, with BMI?30 and 125 non- obese employed women from affiliated hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Dietary intake and physical activity, as components of lifestyle, were assessed by semi-quantitative and MET questionnaires, respectively. Self-esteem was assessed by Rosenberg questionnaire.Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in level of education, economic status, physical activity (p<0.05 and self-esteem (p<0.001. Total energy intake and percentage of energy intake from fat were significantly different between the two groups (p<0.05.Conclusion: Self-esteem was higher in non-obese women. Women with higher self-esteem had a better lifestyle. Attention to psychological aspect of obesity is important in any health promotion program

Mojgan Mirhadi

2012-12-01

282

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young-Adult Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The three main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood; (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult self-esteem; and (3) help rule out the alternative interpretation that the relationship between major depression and self-esteem is due to state dependence bias stemming from recent depressive symptoms and stressful life events. To address these objectives we use data from a two-wave panel study based on a community sample of young adults in Miami-Dade County, Florida (n = 1,197). Results indicated a history of major depression during sensitive periods of social development is associated with negative changes in self-esteem over a two-year period during the transition to young adulthood. Among those with a history of depression, earlier onset was more problematic than later onset for young adult self-esteem, although the difference disappeared once the level of self-esteem two years prior was controlled. The linkages between the history and timing of depression onset with self-esteem were observed net of recent depressive symptoms and stressful life events, and thus robust to an alternative interpretation of state dependence. The findings support the argument that major depression, especially if it develops earlier during child-adolescent development, has negative consequences for one’s self-esteem.

Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2010-01-01

283

“How Much Do You Like Your Name?” An Implicit Measure of Global Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We introduce a single-item implicit measure of global self-esteem. The measure is based on the mere-ownership effect and asks participants to indicate how much they like their name. Six studies attested to the validity of this measure. In addition to showing high test–retest reliability (r = .85), the studies found that Name-Liking was (a) unrelated to impression management, (b) positively related to the Name-Letter-Task, the Self-Esteem IAT, explicit self-esteem measures, and self-reported...

Gebauer, Jochen E.; Riketta, Michael; Broemer, Philip; Maio, Gregory R.

2008-01-01

284

Self-Esteem Depends on the Beholder: Effects of a Subtle Social Value Cue  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The idea that self-esteem functions as a gauge or “sociometer” of social value (Leary & Baumeister, 2000) is supported by research on direct social feedback. To examine if the sociometer model is relevant to more subtle social value cues, the implicit self-esteem of women was assessed a week after an interaction with an experimenter. Consistent with the sociometer model, Week 2 self-esteem depended on a subtle social value cue encountered during Week 1. When the Week 1 experimenter wore a...

Weisbuch, Max; Sinclair, Stacey A.; Skorinko, Jeanine L.; Eccleston, Collette P.

2009-01-01

285

Age and Race Differences in the Trajectories of Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this research was to assess age- and race-based variation in within-persons changes in self-esteem over a 16-year period. We used hierarchical linear modeling with data from 3,617 adults aged 25 and older who were interviewed up to four times. Self-esteem increased, on average, over the course of the study period. At the same time, significant age variations around this trend were observed, with younger adults experiencing increases in self-esteem and older adults experiencing ...

Shaw, Benjamin A.; Liang, Jersey; Krause, Neal

2010-01-01

286

"How much do you like your name?" An implicit measure of global self-esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We introduce a single-item implicit measure of global self-esteem. The measure is based on the mere-ownership effect and asks participants to indicate how much they like their name. Six studies attested to the validity of this measure. In addition to showing high test–retest reliability (r = .85), the studies found that Name-Liking was (a) unrelated to impression management, (b) positively related to the Name-Letter-Task, the Self-Esteem IAT, explicit self-esteem measures, and self-reported...

Gebauer, Jochen E.; Riketta, Michael; Broemer, Philip; Maio, Gregory R.

2008-01-01

287

Self-presentation 2.0: narcissism and self-esteem on Facebook.  

Science.gov (United States)

Online social networking sites have revealed an entirely new method of self-presentation. This cyber social tool provides a new site of analysis to examine personality and identity. The current study examines how narcissism and self-esteem are manifested on the social networking Web site Facebook.com . Self-esteem and narcissistic personality self-reports were collected from 100 Facebook users at York University. Participant Web pages were also coded based on self-promotional content features. Correlation analyses revealed that individuals higher in narcissism and lower in self-esteem were related to greater online activity as well as some self-promotional content. Gender differences were found to influence the type of self-promotional content presented by individual Facebook users. Implications and future research directions of narcissism and self-esteem on social networking Web sites are discussed. PMID:20712493

Mehdizadeh, Soraya

2010-08-01

288

Relationship Between Self-Concept, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Depression and Academic Achievement in Adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran’s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. Moreover, the increase of self-concept and self-esteem are related to the decrease of anxiety and a negative significant relation exists between self-concept, self-esteem and depression which will ensue decrease in academic achievement.

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani

2007-01-01

289

Self-esteem and Academic Success as Influenced by Reading Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed at determining the effect of instruction in cognitive and metacognitive strategies on the students' educational self-esteem and academic performance. 87 students were selected through random sampling. The two first groups were consciously taught about cognitive and metacognitive strategies. All the classes were taught by the same teacher. Pourmoghaddasian’s self-esteem questionnaire (1994 was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the pre- and post-test mean scores of the students’ self-esteem, their scores in the course, and their academic success in all the three groups. The results of one-way ANOVA revealed that there was no significant difference between the self-esteem measures of those students who were taught congnitive and metacognitive strategies as compared to those taught traditionally. However, there were significant differences between their total scores in the course and their academic success measures.

Eghbal Zarei

2012-01-01

290

Teaching Mental Skills for Self-Esteem Enhancement in a Military Healthcare Setting.  

Science.gov (United States)

The need exists for educational methods which can positively influence self-esteem, especially in demanding military health care settings. Warrior Transition Units (WTUs) are tasked with the challenging mission of caring for seriously injured or ill U.S. ...

C. J. Ohlson J. Hammermeister M. A. Pickering

2009-01-01

291

The Development and Validation of a Nonverbal Measure of Self-Esteem: The Sliding Person Test.  

Science.gov (United States)

Validity evidence from several studies for a nonverbal measure of self-esteem, the Sliding Person Test (SPERT), is presented. Results of the studies indicate the utility of the measure for elementary through college students. (JKS)

Karmos, Ann H.

1979-01-01

292

Comparative Self-Esteem of Blacks and Whites in Segregated and Integrated Dyads.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study is to provide information concerning the self esteem of blacks and whites under conditions of integrative and segregative simulated work groups. Subjects were 96 undergraduate students, half black and half white, who performed thr...

W. Hill J. A. Ruhe

1973-01-01

293

Relationship Between Self-esteem and Academic Achievement Amongst Pre-University Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research highlights the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement in the pre-university students. Additionally, it aimed to identify whether there are differences in academic achievement between boys and girls. The objectives of this study were achieved by using the Coopersmith questionnaire and the students’ grade in their current and previous semesters. The random sampling was used for collecting the data and as a consequence 50 male and 50 female were chosen randomly. The questionnaires were distributed amongst 100 students in Qaemshahr schools. The results demonstrated that there was significant (p<0.01 positive relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement. Moreover, there was significant difference in academic achievement between boys and girls. However, no significant difference was found in self-esteem between males and females. The results suggest that high self-esteem is important factor and strengthen the prediction of academic achievement in students.

Mohammad Aryana

2010-01-01

294

Association of parental self-esteem and expectations with adolescents' anxiety about career and education.  

Science.gov (United States)

The views of students in their last year of high school on the effects of parental expectations on students' anxiety about education and a career were studied with 214 boys and girls from six single-sex high schools. Participants were asked to reply to two questionnaires, the Educational and Career Anxiety Questionnaire and the Parent's Self-esteem and Expectancy Questionnaire as well as to respond to a personal informational form. Analysis yielded negative significance for relations between parental self-esteem and expectations and students' anxiety about education and career. Moreover, the study showed that adolescent girls had significantly higher self-esteem than boys. In addition, comparing adolescents' views by their fathers' education showed that fathers with high education were more likely to have children with high parental self-esteem and rational expectations and lower anxiety about education and careers than those whose fathers had only primary education. PMID:16050605

Salimi, Seyed-Hossein; Mirzamani, Seyed-Mahmoud; Shahiri-Tabarestani, Mostafa

2005-06-01

295

Friendship Motivation, Aggression, and Self-Esteem in Japanese Undergraduate Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among self-determined friendship motivation (motivation for friendship formation), aggression, and self-esteem in a sample of 262 Japanese university students. The hypothetical model posited that self-determined friendship motivation predicted lower levels of aggression, which, in turn, predicted lower levels of self-esteem. The results showed that self-determined friendship motivation predicted lower levels of anger, hostility, and ph...

Ryo Okada

2012-01-01

296

The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Orientation: The effects of challenges (like decreased employment opportunities, increased personal responsibility to keep up with changes, current skill shortages and of retaining talented and skilled staff) have led to an emphasis on career meta-competencies to improve employability attributes.

Research purpose: The objectives of the study were to determine the relationship between self-esteem (as the Culture Free Self-Esteem...

Ingrid Potgieter

2012-01-01

297

Self-esteem and Academic Success as Influenced by Reading Strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aimed at determining the effect of instruction in cognitive and metacognitive strategies on the students' educational self-esteem and academic performance. 87 students were selected through random sampling. The two first groups were consciously taught about cognitive and metacognitive strategies. All the classes were taught by the same teacher. Pourmoghaddasian’s self-esteem questionnaire (1994) was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there were signific...

Eghbal Zarei; Nasrin Shokrpour; Elham Nasiri; Reza Kafipour

2012-01-01

298

The comparison of self-esteem between male and female cancer patients  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background & Aim: Chronic illnesses, such as cancer, can cause changing in self-esteem. This study has been perform to compare the self-esteem between male and female cancer patients. Methods & Materials: In this research 101 patients (51 women and 50 men) with different types of cancer (solid tumors and leukemia) have selected by simple sampling method. The tool for gathering data was a questionnaire, with three parts: demographic characteristics, disease characteristics, and Cooper smith se...

Noghani F; Monjamed Z; Bahrani N; Ghodrati Jablo V

2006-01-01

299

Swedish women´s self-esteem, body dissatisfaction and health  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-reported mental health problems have increased dramatically among young female high school (Swedish: gymnasium) and university students in Sweden since the 1990’s. The reasons for this increase are mostly unknown but self-esteem and body image might be important factors behind this problem. The aim of this study was to test whether self-esteem and body dissatisfaction predict health. All correlation directions were in accordance with previous studies on the subject. There was no age gr...

O?rno?lfsdo?ttir, Unnur O?sk

2011-01-01

300

Self-esteem Modulates Medial Prefrontal Cortical Responses to Evaluative Social Feedback  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-esteem is a facet of personality that influences perception of social standing and modulates the salience of social acceptance and rejection. As such, self-esteem may bias neural responses to positive and negative social feedback across individuals. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning, participants (n = 42) engaged in a social evaluation task whereby they ostensibly received feedback from peers indicating they were liked or disliked. Results demonstrated that individual...

Somerville, Leah H.; Kelley, William M.; Heatherton, Todd F.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Derogation displayed amongst student degree groups: effects of self-esteem, threat, identification and target group.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Previous studies investigating the role of self-esteem as a predictor and outcome of intergroup behaviour have failed to employ the most apt measure of self-esteem and much work is based around minimal groups and game relevant tests with little evaluative relevance to the participants. This study takes into account previous methodological errors in testing both the Social Identity Theory, as well as examining the existence of the Downward Comparison Theory in derogating lower status out-grou...

Childs, Jessica

2008-01-01

302

Collective Self-Esteem as a Coping Resource for Male-to-Female Transsexuals  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The fear of experiencing discrimination often provokes symptoms of psychological distress. One coping resource is positive identification with one’s social group—known as collective self-esteem. This preliminary study investigated whether collective self-esteem was related to fears regarding a transsexual identity and psychological distress among 53 self-identified male-to-female transsexuals (mean age = 50.79). Participants were recruited from transgender events held in Arizona and Calif...

Sa?nchez, Francisco J.; Vilain, Eric

2009-01-01

303

Self-esteem of deaf and hard of hearing students in regular and special schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the theoretical part of the thesis is clarified the difference between self-concept and self-esteem. Self-concept is defined as a set of relations which the individual establishes on the conscious or unconscious way with oneself. On the other hand, self-esteem represents valuable relationship to oneself. It is clarified how their development is influenced by various factors - family, kindergarten, school, age and gender.

Humar Slapnik, Barbara

2012-01-01

304

Evaluation of self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore,...

2013-01-01

305

Trajectories of change in self-esteem in older adults: exercise intervention effects  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This 12-month, 2 arm, single blind randomized controlled exercise trial examined relationships among changes in multidimensional self-esteem as a function of intervention mode (i.e., walking vs. flexibility-toning-balance). Data were collected on three equidistant occasions (baseline, 6 and 12 months). One-hundred seventy-nine older adults (Mage = 66.38) began the study and 145 completed assessments at all time points. Participants completed measures of physical and global self-esteem as well...

2011-01-01

306

The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Paragraph Writing of Iranian EFL Learners  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study is an attempt to understand the relationship between self-esteem and paragraph writing of Iranian EFL learners. The study was conducted on both Iranian male and female senior EFL learners studying at Tonekabon and Lahijan Azad Universities. To start the project, first of all, the researcher ran the TOEFL test among 80 students. Then, the Self-esteem Coopersmith inventory was given to the same subjects, after that the researcher asked them to write three different kinds of pa...

Mansoor Fahim; Somaye Khojaste Rad

2012-01-01

307

Relationship Between Self-Concept, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Depression and Academic Achievement in Adolescents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran’s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. More...

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani; Javad Ejei; Mohammad-Karim Khodapanahi; Hamid Tarkhorani

2007-01-01

308

The relationship between personality preferences, self-esteem and emotional competence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The relationship between leaders’ personality preferences, self-esteem and emotional competence is the focus of this article. A study was conducted to analyse the responses of a sample of 107 South African leaders in the manufacturing industry to measures of the three constructs. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the Culturefree Self-esteem Inventories for Adults (CFSEI-AD), and the 360° Emotional Competency Profiler (ECP) were administered. Positive relationships were fo...

Coetzee, Melinde; Martins, Nico; Basson, Johan Schutte; Muller, Helene

2006-01-01

309

Can Both Low and High Self-esteem Be Related to Aggression in Children?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined the opposing hypotheses that either low or exaggerated but disputed self-esteem is related to aggression in 652 12-year-old schoolchildren. Children provided peer nominations of social acceptance and of physical aggression, self-ratings of global self-worth and of social satisfaction. Teachers rated aggressive behavior and internalizing problems. Exaggerated but disputed self-esteem was conceptualizedas discrepancies between self and peer evaluations of social satisfaction...

Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Rydell, Ann-margret; Henricsson, Lisbeth

2008-01-01

310

Low self-esteem elicits greater mobilization of attentional resources toward emotional stimuli.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous findings are generally consistent with the notion that individuals with low self-esteem tends to easily orient their attention on negative stimuli. The main objective of the present study was to further investigate the time course of attention deployment to positive (happy) and negative (angry) facial expressions in visual probe task using event-related potentials (ERP) technology in 15 high versus 15 low self-esteem participants while they viewed pairs of faces (e.g., happy face paired with neutral face or angry face paired with neutral face) shown for 500 ms and followed by a probe. Behavioral results showed that individuals with low self-esteem simply had faster manual reaction times on the entire task. ERP results showed that individuals with low self-esteem, but not high self-esteem, displayed increased P1 and N1 activity to both happy and angry facial expression. These findings suggest that emotional stimuli (angry faces and happy faces) elicited greater mobilization of attentional resources in individuals with low self-esteem. PMID:23769724

Li, Haijiang; Yang, Juan

2013-08-26

311

SELF ESTEEM DAN RELASI INTERPERSONAL PENYANDANG TUNA RUNGU DI LEMBAGA DEAF ‘N DUMB  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available All members of Institute for Deaf 'N Dumb have undergone coaching and training skills. Infact, not all the members are having a permanent job because of the lack of a chance than others, and feeling less confident that he is able to produce something so that the skills he has was useless. One of these internal variables that a barrier is self-esteem. Self-assessment of deaf persons who consider themselves not able to relate well with others, especially with the normal people. In this research, data collection using a questionnaire Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI, which is constructed based on the theory of the Coopersmith's self-esteem, as many as 45 items of statements, with the level of reliability in this study was 0.926 for the self-esteem variable, and 0.984 for the interpersonal relationship variable. Data obtained in the form of ordinal and the data processing was using non-parametric statistical method of Spearman Rank. Based on data processing with significance level = 0.05 obtained result rs = 0.439, it means there was a significant relationship between self esteem and interpersonal relationship. This means that the lower the self esteem owned it worse interpersonal relationships of persons with hearing disability.

Faya Noorhalia Elcamila

2012-03-01

312

Students' Self-Esteem at School: The Risk, the Challenge, and the Cure  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available As one of the most important elements in students’ psychological well-being, self-esteem is often neglected at school. In schools where students are grouped based on their academic abilities (Between Class Ability Grouping or BCAG, or tracking, teachers are likely to have different expectancies toward different group of students; towards high-achieving students, they tend to be academically supportive, while towards low-achieving students, they tend to control students’ behavior in order to avoid disciplinary problems. In turn, students observe their teachers’ classroom behavior and develop different perception towards their teachers’ expectancy. Eventually, self-esteem of the students is affected by their perceived teachers’ expectancy (PTE, where the effect is not always positive. In other words, while most teachers would rather not to teach in mixed classrooms, the practice of BCAG might contribute negative effect to students’ self-esteem. Therefore, any strategy to improve students’ self-esteem might not be able to produce long-lasting result, because teachers’ expectancy towards the students is strongly influenced by the classroom segregation. However, it was discovered recently that Locus of Control (LoC mediates the effect of PTE on students’ self-esteem. In the light of that, there is a hope to develop or maintain students’ self-esteem levels by developing some strategies based on Behavior Modification Theories to alter students’ LoC.

Prihadi Kususanto

2012-01-01

313

THE COMPARISON OF SELF-ESTEEM AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SEX AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT UNIVERSITIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The process of shaping one's self-esteem and psychological sex is to a large extent determined by the immediate social environment. The major impact is exerted by family members as well as significant others, whose opinions and judgements are deemed to be of cardinal importance. Psychological sex and self-esteem directly affect the quality of relations with other people, which, in turn, results in the feeling of satisfaction or discontentment. The aim of the undertaken research was to determine and compare the level of self-esteem and the type of psychological sex of female students at different types of universities. The data were collected by means of A. Kuczynska's Psychological Sex Inventory and L. Niebrzydowski's Self-esteem Questionnaire. The research group consisted of 320 women studying at four university schools in Wroclaw. The research allows to conclude that there are significant differences in terms of a multitude of psychological sex types and the level of self-esteem among female students of different universities. It appears that the highest level of self-esteem was observed in students of University School of Physical Education. This group of subjects comprises also the largest amount of female students with male and androgynous psychological sex.

Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

2010-04-01

314

“I Like My Body; Therefore, I Like Myself”: How Body Image Influences Self-Esteem—A Cross-Sectional Study on Italian Adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Puberty is a very important process for adolescents. Physiological changes and body modifications lead to great vulnerability. This vulnerability is connected to the adolescent’s perceptions of the uncertainty of outcomes due to the transformation of their infant body into an adult one. This cross-sectional study aims to better understand whether body image perception and satisfaction influence self-esteem in a sample of Italian male and female adolescents. A total of 242 adolescents (120 male and 122 female individuals aged 11 to 17 years (M = 13.33; SD = 1.7 completed the study measures. Quantitative and qualitative instruments were used. In particular, adolescents completed self-report questionnaires to assess their pubertal status (Pubertal Developmental Scale, Peterson, Crockett, Richards, & Boxer, 1988, their body esteem (Body Esteem Scale, Mendelson, Mendelson, & White, 2001, their body image (Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire, Rauste-von Wright, 1989, and their self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg,1965. Adolescent were also invited to depict themselves to assess their body representations by completing the Drawing Me test (Confalonieri, 2011. Results from MANOVAs confirm that gender and age are two factors that influence body image perception and satisfaction. SEM analyses show that good self-esteem is reached through good body satisfaction following different trajectories in male and female individuals. Data from adolescents’ body representations obtained via drawings confirm that females are more concerned about their body changes and about the appearance of secondary sexual features than males. This research, stressing the influence of various individual factors and highlighting the psychological distress and dissatisfaction of adolescents, especially females, confirms the importance of studying this topic in order to generate preventive measures to help adolescents through this developmental task.

Elena Gatti

2014-05-01

315

Discrepancies between explicit and implicit self-esteem are linked to symptom severity in borderline personality disorder.  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined whether discrepancies between explicit and implicit self-esteem are associated with symptom severity in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We hypothesized that implicit-explicit self-esteem discrepancies foster autoaggressive behavior and dysphoria, and impair self-perception. We found that the two forms of self-esteem discrepancies, damaged and fragile self-esteem were related to the severity of overall borderline symptoms, autoaggression, dysphoria, and deficits in self-perception. In contrast, more general psychopathological impairment, such as depression, was not related to self-esteem discrepancies. Taken together our results indicate that discrepancies between explicit and implicit self-esteem are associated with certain borderline symptoms that may be based on internal tension. The findings can be interpreted within the framework of self-discrepancies and dichotomous attitudes in patients with BPD. PMID:20435296

Vater, Aline; Schröder-Abé, Michela; Schütz, Astrid; Lammers, Claas-Hinrich; Roepke, Stefan

2010-12-01

316

Mean-level change and intraindividual variability in self-esteem and depression among high-risk children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study investigated mean-level changes and intraindividual variability of self-esteem among maltreated (n=142) and nonmaltreated (n=109) school-aged children from low-income families. Longitudinal factor analysis revealed higher temporal stability of self-esteem among maltreated children compared to nonmaltreated children. Cross-domain latent growth curve models indicated that nonmaltreated children showed higher initial levels and greater increases in self-esteem than maltreated children...

Kim, Jungmeen; Cicchetti, Dante

2009-01-01

317

An Investigation into the Relationship between Self-esteem, Proficiency Level, and the Reading Ability of Iranian EFL Language Learners  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The current study aimed at investigating the any probable relationship between Iranian EFL learners’ self esteem, proficiency level, and also their reading scores. To do so, 120 male and female Iranian language learners were picked out and grouped into three beginning, intermediate, and advanced-level groups using a reading comprehension test. Then the other instrument of the study, a questionnaire on self-esteem, was employed to measure their degree of self-esteem. Having run two corre...

Kamal Heidari Soureshjani; Noushin Naseri

2011-01-01

318

The impact of physical activity on self-esteem and how it may affect adolescents living under family conflict  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main topic of this study is self-esteem of adolescents, what impact family conflict may have on their self-esteem, and possible buffering effects of physical activity. Available data from ICSRA was used for this study with a representative sample of 1806 Icelandic high school students. Analysis of Variance was carried out to test for main and interaction effects. In line with former studies the results indicated that living under family conflict conditions predicted low self-esteem for bo...

Edona Hoda 1987

2013-01-01

319

Trait Self-esteem Moderates Decreases in Self-control Following Rejection: An Information-processing Account  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the current paper, the authors posit that trait self-esteem moderates the relationship between social rejection and decrements in self-control, propose an information-processing account of trait self-esteem’s moderating influence and discuss three tests of this theory. The authors measured trait self-esteem, experimentally manipulated social rejection and assessed subsequent self-control in Studies 1 and 2. Additionally, Study 3 framed a self-control task as diagnostic of social skills t...

Vandellen, Michelle; Knowles, Megan L.; Krusemark, Elizabeth; Sabet, Raha F.; Campbell, W. Keith; Mcdowell, Jennifer E.; Clementz, Brett A.

2012-01-01

320

Individual differences in neural responses to social rejection: the joint effect of self-esteem and attentional control  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Individuals with low self-esteem have been found to react more negatively to signs of interpersonal rejection than those with high self-esteem. However, previous research has found that individual differences in attentional control can attenuate negative reactions to social rejection among vulnerable, low self-esteem individuals. The current fMRI study sought to elucidate the neurobiological substrate of this buffering effect. We hypothesized and found that while looking at scenes of social r...

Gyurak, Anett; Hooker, Christine I.; Miyakawa, Asako; Verosky, Sara; Luerssen, Anna; Ayduk, O?zlem N.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Auto-estima pessoal e coletiva em mães e não-mães Personal and collective self-esteem in mothers and non-mothers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O estudo investigou as implicações da condição de maternidade e de não-maternidade para a construção da auto-estima pessoal e coletiva das mulheres, mediante o teste das hipóteses de que os índices de auto-estima pessoal e de auto-estima coletiva obtidos por mulheres mães seriam significativamente maiores do que os índices obtidos por mulheres não-mães. A amostra foi composta por 310 mulheres, com idades variando entre 30 e 69 anos, distribuídas em um grupo de mães e um outro de não-mães, as quais foram solicitadas a responder às versões brasileiras da Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg e da Escala de Auto-Estima Coletiva. A análise dos resultados revelou que as duas hipóteses do estudo foram corroboradas. Concluiu-se que as concepções e representações tradicionais acerca da maternidade ainda desempenham um importante papel na configuração da identidade feminina.The study investigates the motherhood and non-motherhood conditions, and its implications to women in their construction of personal and collective self-esteem. The hypotheses to be tested were that mothers would present personal and collective self-esteem indexes significantly greater than non-mothers. The sample consisted of 310 women, between 30 and 69 years of age, distributed in two groups, mothers and non-mothers. Both groups were asked to answer the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and Collective Self-Esteem Scale. Results confirmed both hypotheses. It was concluded that traditional conceptions and representations of motherhood still play an important role in the construction of feminine identity.

Daniela Borges Lima de Souza

2005-04-01

322

Managing motivational conflict: how self-esteem and executive resources influence self-regulatory responses to risk.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores how self-esteem and executive resources interact to determine responses to motivational conflict. One correlational and 3 experimental studies investigated the hypothesis that high and low self-esteem people undertake different self-regulatory strategies in "risky" situations that afford opportunity to pursue competing goals and that carrying out these strategies requires executive resources. When such resources are available, high self-esteem people respond to risk by prioritizing and pursuing approach goals, whereas low self-esteem people prioritize avoidance goals. However, self-esteem does not influence responses to risk when executive resources are impaired. In these studies, risk was operationalized by exposing participants to a relationship threat (Studies 1 and 2), by using participants' self-reported marital conflict (Study 3), and by threatening academic competence (Study 4). Executive resources were operationalized as cognitive load (Studies 1 and 2), working memory capacity (Study 3), and resource depletion (Study 4). When executive resources were ample, high self-esteem people responded to interpersonal risk by making more positive relationship evaluations (Studies 1, 2, and 3) and making more risky social comparisons following a personal failure (Study 4) than did low self-esteem people. Self-esteem did not predict participants' responses when executive resources were impaired or when risk was absent. The regulatory function of self-esteem may be more resource-dependent than has been previously theorized. PMID:22663349

Cavallo, Justin V; Holmes, John G; Fitzsimons, Gráinne M; Murray, Sandra L; Wood, Joanne V

2012-09-01

323

Autoestima y Trastornos de Personalidad de lo Lineal a lo Complejo / Self-esteem and Personality Disorders From linearity to complexity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La relación entre autoestima y psicopatología es compleja. Mediante el RSS (Rosenberg) y otras escalas (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) hallamos, en 100 pacientes con Trastorno de Personalidad, una media de autoestima de 20,48 (D.T = 5,54), inferior a otras muestras clínicas y a la población general. E [...] ncontramos un "cluster" de autoestima positiva en los rasgos narcisistas e histriónicos; y otro "cluster" de autoestima negativa en los rasgos límites, autodestructivos, fóbico-evitativos, esquizotípicos, pasivo-agresivos y esquizoides (TB ? 85 en el MCMI-II). La apertura a criterios de estabilidad, congruencia e integración con otros procesos permite una comprensión más fecunda del constructo en el ámbito de los Trastornos de Personalidad. Abstract in english The relationship between self-esteem and psychopathology is complex. Using the RSS (Rosenberg) and other scales (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) we found, in 100 personality disorder patients, an average self-esteem of 20.48 (S.D. = 5.54), less than in other patients and the general public. A cluster o [...] f positive self-esteem made of narcissistic and histrionic traits was found. Another cluster of negative self-esteem is formed by borderline, self-destructive, phobic, schizotypal, passive-aggressive and schizoid traits (TB ? 85 in MCMI-II). By opening research up to criteria of stability, consistency and integration, with other processes, we can gain a more fruitful understanding of personality disorders.

Juan Manuel, Ramos Martín.

324

A Research on Professional Self-Esteem of Physical Education and Sports Teachers That Work in Primary and Secondary Education Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim of this research is to analyze whether professional self-esteem of physical and sports teachers that work in primary andsecondary schools vary in terms of some variables.A total of 312 physical and sports teachers (75 female, 237 male teachers out of 485 physical and sports teachers that workin primary and secondary schools (Province, District and Village of Hatay Provincial Directorate of National Education haveparticipated in the research. In order to determine professional self-esteem of the participants, personal information formdeveloped by the researchers and “Scale of Professional Self-Esteem” developed by Ar?cak (1999 have been used. Professionalself-esteem levels of teachers have been compared in terms of their genders, ages, marital status, place of work (province,district, village, professional service period, number of children and types of schools, in which they work (primary, secondaryeducation.SPSS 16.0 statistics package software has been used for calculation and evaluation of the obtained data. The data has beensummarized in percentages (% and frequency tables. Test of normality for the data has been performed through One–SampleKolmogorov–Simirnov test and it is assumed that the data shows normal distribution. Therefore, the data has been analyzedfrom parametric tests through independent sample-t test and One Way ANOVA. In this study, error level has been accepted as0.05.It is observed that there is a statistically significant difference between female teachers and male teachers when professionalself-esteem scores of the teachers are compared in terms of their genders (P0.05.Solution of problems experienced by physical and sports teachers, who have positive effects on students, with regard totheir professional lives may increase professional self-esteem of these teachers in order to meet the expectations in relation toeducation and to bring up an ideal young generation.

Ali Temiz

325

Streaming and Students’ Self-Esteem: A Qualitative Study on Teachers’ Correspondence Bias  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This  study  was  aimed  to  investigate  the  effect  of  students’ streaming  practice  in  Malaysian  secondary  on  students’  self-esteem  through teachers’ expectancy.   17 teachers and 20 students from art and science streams of secondary schools  in  Penang,  Malaysia  were  participated  in  this  study.  Unstructured interviews  were  used  on  teachers  to  collect  the  qualitative  data  of  teachers’ expectancy.  The  participating  students  were  from  the  fourth  year  of  secondary school  in  Malaysian  school  system  (between  16-17  years  old,  10  from  science stream  and  10  from  arts  stream  were  interviewed  in  order  to  collect  the qualitative data of teachers’ perceived behavior and self-esteem. Result  of  this  study  shown  that  teachers  expected  science  stream students to have good academic performance but expected arts stream students to  be  involved  in  disciplinary  problems.  Furthermore,  science  stream  students perceived  that  their  teachers  were  academically  supportive  but  arts  stream students  perceived  that  their  teachers  were  focusing  on  controlling  their behavior.  On  the  other  hand,  findings  of  this  study  also  revealed  that  science stream  students  possed  higher  level  of  self-esteem than  arts  stream  students. Accordingly,  it  was  indicated  that  teachers’  perceived  behavior  and  teachers’ expectancy  are  correlated  to  one  another,  and  teachers’  perceived  behavior predicts students’ self-esteem. It was discovered that teachers expected science stream students to be eager to improve their academic performance, and students from arts stream class  were likely to be involved in disciplinary problems. Students  were found to  be  aware  of  their  teachers’  expectancy,  and  their  perception  of  teachers’ expectancy  affected  their  self-esteem.  While  self-esteem  was  referred  to  a discrepancy  between  a  student’s  ideal-self  and  actual-self,  it  was  discovered that  both  groups  of  students  pictured  their  ideal-self  differently  to  each  other. Science  stream  students  pictured  their  ideal-selves  as  a  character  with  overall success, while arts stream students pictured their ideal-selves as a socially well-functioned  character.  Nevertheless,  arts  stream  students  found  to  have  lower self-esteem.  It  was  concluded  that  streaming  affected  the  students’  self-esteem through teachers’ expectancy and perceived behavior.Keywords:   Streaming,  students’  self-esteem,  teachers’  expectancy,  science stream, arts stream, supportive, controlling.

Prihadi Kususanto Chin Sook Fui

2013-02-01

326

Wheelchair dancing and self-esteem in adolescents with physical disabilities  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with physical disabilities are prone to experience lowered self-esteem which can result in negative consequences for the individual as well as the community. It has been found that dancing may have positive emotional, social and developmental consequences. AIM: The aim of t [...] his study was to determine the influence of wheelchair dancing on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were involved in this quantitative study. A before-and-after experimental study design was used which included a control group. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain information from the participants. The experimental group participated in wheelchair dancing, while the control group did not. RESULTS: A difference between the two groups was observed with 72.7% of the intervention group displaying an increase in self-esteem, compared to 54.6% of the control group. Improved self-esteem manifested in, for example, an improvement in eye contact and sense of responsibility. CONCLUSION: The researchers concluded that wheelchair dancing may have a positive influence on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities.

de Villiers, Danette; van Rooyen, FC; Comm, M; Beck, V; Calitz, Y; Erwee, T; Engelbrecht, C; Odendaal, E; Roothman, L; van Eeden, L.

327

“A STUDY OF SELF ESTEEM AND SELF CONFIDENCE ATHLETE AND NON-ATHLETE”  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the self esteem and self confidence among athlete and non-athlete. For the present study 100 athlete and non-athlete were selected from Aurangabad city. The effective sample consisted of 100 subjects, out of which 50 subjects were athlete and 50 subjects were non-athlete. The age range of subjects where 18-25 years (M =21.45, SD = 4.11.. Hypothesis 1. There will be significant difference between athlete and non-athlete with respect to self esteem. 2. There will be significant difference between athlete and non-athlete with respect to self confidence. Self Esteem Inventory: is developed and standardized by M S Prasad and G P Thakur for measuring self esteem. And Self confidence test: is developed and standardized by Dr. (Smt Rashmi Jain (2008. Conclusions 1. Athletes have Significantly High self esteem than the non-athlete. 2. Athletes have Significantly High self confidence than the non-athlete.

QUADRI SYED JAVEED

2013-06-01

328

The Impact of Traditional Social Stratification on Self Esteem of Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The type and pattern of social stratification in a society greatly influences individual and group behavior. Most modern societies have class based stratification. However many features of traditional stratification may be observed in modem societies such as elements of caste system and feudalism. Self esteem is how we value ourselves it is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others. Self esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, our work nearly every part of our lives. Different researches show that most of the students experience low self esteem due to traditional background and low status. This research explores the impacts of traditional social stratification on self esteem on students of University of Sargodha. Quantitative approach has been used to find out the answer of questions and convenient sampling used to collect data.150 respondents had been taken in which 75 males and 75 female students. The data collection is thus analyzed using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS. Findings of this research indicate that the students who belong to low caste often feel lack of confidence and low level of self esteem.

Nadir Jamil

2012-12-01

329

Comparing the Boys’ and Girls’ Self-esteem in the Less Educated and Educated Families  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The education of parents is linked to their children's educational attainment and self-esteem. Educated families’ greater influence in household negotiations may allow securing more resources for children. On the other hand, the first self-perception of children is a complex perception that is derived from others’ reactions. The purpose of this study was to compare the boys’ and girls’ self-esteem in the less educated and educated families. Purposive sampling which is applied in this study to include children from a poor and ignorant neighborhood Kindergartens and Kindergarten's Employees. Samples included 16 boys and 18 girls from ignorant families, 18 males and 16 females from families with high levels and age between4-6 years. The study was conducted by using a structured interview. The interview's questions are taken from Pope Self-esteem Test. The results of multi-variable analysis of variance revealed that there is not any significant relationship between parents’ literacy and their boys’ and girls’ self-esteem. The research demonstrated that there were no differences between boys’ and girls’ self-esteem and their families’ literacy.

Soltani Leila

2013-07-01

330

Preschool attachment, self-esteem and the development of preadolescent anxiety and depressive symptoms.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the longitudinal association between preschool attachment patterns, the development of anxiety and depression at preadolescence and the mediational role of self-esteem. Child-mother attachment classifications of 68 children (33 girls) were assessed between 3-4 years of age (M = 3.7 years, SD = 4.4 months) using the Separation-Reunion Procedure. At age 11-12 (M = 11.7 years, SD = 4.3 months), anxiety and depressive symptoms (Dominic Interactive Questionnaire), and self-esteem (Self-Perception Profile for Children) were also evaluated. Preadolescents who had shown disorganized attachment at preschool age scored higher on both anxiety and depression and lower on self-esteem than those who had shown secure and insecure-organized attachment strategies. Self-esteem was a partial mediator of the association between preschool disorganization and symptoms of preadolescent depression, but the model was not supported for anxiety. These findings support the idea that early attachment and self-esteem should be central themes in prevention programs with young children. PMID:24417266

Lecompte, Vanessa; Moss, Ellen; Cyr, Chantal; Pascuzzo, Katherine

2014-06-01

331

Predictors of suicidal ideation in a community sample: roles of anger, self-esteem, and depression.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationships of anger, self-esteem, and depression with suicidal ideation. A survey was conducted in a wide range of community areas across Jeollabuk-do Province, Korea. A total of 2964 subjects (mean age=44.4yr) participated in this study. Hierarchical regression was used to investigate predictors of suicidal ideation in terms of their sociodemographic characteristics, depression, self-esteem, and anger. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that anger and self-esteem were significantly associated with suicidal ideation regardless of age and after controlling for depression. Moderation analysis showed that the impact of anger on suicidal ideation was significantly greater among females than males in adolescents, but not in other age groups. Additionally, there were some differences in sociodemographic predictors of suicidal ideation among age groups. Predictors included gender and family harmony in adolescents, marital status and family harmony in middle-aged individuals, and economic status and family harmony in elderly individuals. Our results revealed that anger and self-esteem play important roles in suicidal ideation beyond the effect of depression. Development and implementation of preventive strategies, including management of anger and self-esteem, could possibly reduce suicidal ideation and subsequent suicide attempts. PMID:24507544

Jang, Jin-Mahn; Park, Jong-Il; Oh, Keun-Young; Lee, Keon-Hak; Kim, Myung Sig; Yoon, Myeong-Sook; Ko, Sung-Hee; Cho, Hye-Chung; Chung, Young-Chul

2014-04-30

332

Self-esteem mediates the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and depression in chronic fatigue syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) often experience depression which may negatively affect prognosis and treatment outcome. Research has shown that depression in CFS is associated with maladaptive or self-critical perfectionism. However, currently, little is known about factors that may explain this relationship, but studies in nonclinical samples suggest that low self-esteem may be an important mediator of this relationship. The present study therefore examined whether self-esteem mediated the cross-sectional association between maladaptive perfectionism and severity of depression in 192 patients meeting Centres for Disease Control and Prevention criteria for CFS. Patients completed self-report measures of maladaptive perfectionism, self-esteem, depression, and fatigue. Regression analyses and more direct tests of indirect effects (i.e., the Sobel test and bootstrapping) were used to test for mediation. Congruent with expectations, we found that self-esteem fully mediated the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and depression in CFS. Findings from this study suggest that self-esteem may explain the link between maladaptive perfectionism and depression in CFS, which may have important implications for the treatment and prevention of depression in these patients. PMID:21584732

Kempke, Stefan; Luyten, Patrick; Van Houdenhove, Boudewijn; Goossens, Lutgarde; Bekaert, Patrick; Van Wambeke, Peter

2011-12-01

333

When autocratic leaders become an option--uncertainty and self-esteem predict implicit leadership preferences.  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the impact of uncertainty on leadership preferences and propose that the conjunction of self-esteem level and stability is an important moderator in this regard. Self-threatening uncertainty is aversive and activates the motivation to regain control. People with high and stable self-esteem should be confident of achieving this goal by self-determined amelioration of the situation and should therefore show a stronger preference for democratic leadership under conditions of uncertainty. By contrast, people with low and unstable self-esteem should place their trust and hope in the abilities of powerful others, resulting in a preference for autocratic leadership. Studies 1a and 1b validate explicit and implicit leadership measures and demonstrate a general prodemocratic default attitude under conditions of certainty. Studies 2 and 3 reveal a democratic reaction for individuals with stable high self-esteem and a submissive reaction for individuals with unstable low self-esteem under conditions of uncertainty. In Study 4, this pattern is cancelled out when individuals evaluate leadership styles from a leader instead of a follower perspective. PMID:21534703

Schoel, Christiane; Bluemke, Matthias; Mueller, Patrick; Stahlberg, Dagmar

2011-09-01

334

Selfhood and Self-Esteem. A Phenomenological Critique of an Educational and Psychological Concept  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The concept of “self-esteem” plays a crucial but at the same time ambivalent role in contemporary educational discourse. On the one hand high self-esteem is put forward as a solution for educational problems. On the other hand philosophers of education argued that the concept of “self-esteem” is not doing justice to educational situations and thus an unjustified transfer of a psychological concept to the sphere of education. The paper at hand asks for the concept of “selfhood” that lies behind the different approaches to “self-esteem”. What is the “self ” we are esteeming? The paper formulates a philosophical reflection on the presuppositions inherent in both the “standard view” on self-esteem as well as in the criticism on it. Both proceed, as I want to show, from a one-sided and thus simplified concept of what it means to be a “self ”. I will argue that a phenomenological approach to “selfhood” can be helpful in order to gain a better understanding of the role of the “self” in education. 

Eva Schwarz

2011-02-01

335

STUDY ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM, PHYSICAL CAPACITY OF EFFORT AND THE SOMATOMETRIC PARAMETERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-esteem is the result of the analogy between self-concept and self-image; the latter is formed by the self-perception of the physical, emotional, cognitive, social, etc characteristics. This paper treats the correlation between self-esteem and physical capacity from the perspective that each social actor communicates with the environment through the body and that the body represents the instrument of social image elaboration, thus facilitating self-knowledge and the knowledge of the others. It actually represents the reflection of the beliefs that have always made up the general opinion. The specialized literature ascribes to the body the role of “mediator” in the relationship with the self, with the environment and with the others. Within an interaction, the dialogue partners give much importance to the non-verbal language, which transmits information that will bring advantages or disadvantages to the result of the communication. Kinaesthesia has a fundamental role in the body language and that is why the investigative approach is oriented toward the identification of a reciprocity relationship between physical capacity and self-esteem (with all its components. In this sense, based on the research outcomes, we can talk about the elements influencing the well-being of the social actors, about the correlation between the level of physical performance and self-esteem, between the last variable and the somatometric indices, as an element providing information on self-perception. A high self-esteem favours the development of human potential.

Trofin Petrut Florin

2013-12-01

336

The link among self-esteem, differentiation, and spousal intimacy in deaf and hearing adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

Family, as the most important human support system, is the major component that clinicians can use to help people in their struggle to cope, adjust, and adapt to society. The ability to form a family and intimate relations with a spouse comprises a central measure of normative adult functioning and a critical stage of adult development. This study examined a personal component (self-esteem), an original family component (differentiation), and the capacity for spousal intimacy among 101 deaf adults (comprising about one fourth of the Israeli deaf population) and 57 normally hearing adults matched to the deaf sample according to age, gender, place of birth, and marital status. As expected, correlations emerged between higher levels of self-esteem, greater emotional differentiation from parents, and higher spousal intimacy within each group. Also, intergroup differences emerged, with deaf participants lower than their hearing peers both in self-esteem and ability for spousal intimacy. Contrary to expectations, differentiation from original family was similar in both groups. Results emphasized the significant contribution of self-esteem to adult functioning. Outcomes pinpoint the need for social workers and other clinicians to increase these clients' self-esteem to improve functioning. PMID:20391079

Levinger, Miriam; Ronen, Tammie

2010-01-01

337

Self-perceived attractiveness, romantic desirability and self-esteem: a mating sociometer perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sociometer theory proposes that self-esteem is an adaptation which evolved to monitor and regulate interpersonal relationships. It is therefore sensitive to self-assessments in domains relevant to relational desirability. Positive relationships between self-perceived physical attractiveness and self-esteem found in previous studies may reflect the functioning of a mating sociometer, designed to monitor individuals' desirability as romantic or sexual partners. We thus predicted that these relationships should be mediated by self-perceptions of romantic desirability, or more specifically, individuals' confidence in their abilities to successfully establish and maintain romantic relationships. Two hundred and eighty seven young adults (98 male) completed an online measure of self-perceived attractiveness, together with measures of self-confidence in appearance and romantic relationships, body-esteem and global self-esteem. Linear regression analyses indicated that self-perceived attractiveness, self-confidence in appearance and body-esteem all significantly predicted self-esteem, and that in each case, the relationship was mediated by romantic self-confidence. Self-perceived attractiveness predicted self-esteem significantly more strongly in females than in males. We discuss these results in relation to sociometer and parental investment theories, and explore limitations and future directions. PMID:23353113

Bale, Christopher; Archer, John

2013-01-01

338

The relationship between personality preferences, self-esteem and emotional competence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The relationship between leaders’ personality preferences, self-esteem and emotional competence is the focus of this article. A study was conducted to analyse the responses of a sample of 107 South African leaders in the manufacturing industry to measures of the three constructs. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI, the Culturefree Self-esteem Inventories for Adults (CFSEI-AD, and the 360° Emotional Competency Profiler (ECP were administered. Positive relationships were found between the three constructs. The self-esteem construct appeared to be a more reliable predictor of emotional competence than the MBTI personality preferences. The findings of the study make an important contribution to the expanding body of knowledge concerned with the evaluation of personality variables that influence the effectiveness of leaders.

Helene Muller

2006-02-01

339

Adolescents own perceptions of self-evaluation: Self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study we analyse the relationships between three variablesof self-evaluations, being self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction. Moreover, we study the evolution of these three aspects during adolescence paying attention to gender differences. The sample was made up of 2400 teenagers aged between 12 and 17 years old taken from 20 high schools in Western Andalusia. In this study we also analyse the relationship between teenager self evaluation and parenting style. Our results show, on one hand, high correlation between self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction, and on the other hand, between teenager self evaluationand parenting style. In fact, parental warmth and communication and sense of humor show high correlation with adolescent self evaluation. We also found increasing differences between boys and girls as regards their self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction as adolescence progressed. Specifically, little changedwas observed in boys, whereas girls’ self-evaluation decreased with age.

Águeda Parra

2010-05-01

340

Perceiving Racial/Ethnic Disadvantage and Its Consequences for Self-Esteem among Asian-Americans  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is the first to test experimentally (vs. correlationally whether perceiving racial/ethnic disadvantageleads to lower self-esteem among Asian-Americans. We manipulated perceived disadvantage by havingAsian-American college students recall and write about experiences in which they were personallydisadvantaged because of their race/ethnicity, and examined the effects of perceiving disadvantage on variousoutcome measures, including racial/ethnic identity, racial/ethnic salience (the number of ethnic identitiesparticipants listed on the Twenty Statements Test, and self-esteem. Consistent with experimental research withother racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States, the self-esteem of Asian-Americans was unharmed byrecalling and describing past incidents of racially-based disadvantage.

Julie Spencer-Rodgers

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
341

Moderating Effects of Resilience, Self-Esteem and Social Support on Adolescents’ Reactions to Violence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examined the relation between exposure to violence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD of adolescents and the moderator effects of resilience, self-esteem and social support. Measures of exposure to violence, resilience, self-esteem, social support and PTSD symptoms were administered on 280 secondary school adolescents randomly selected from Kwara state, Nigeria. Data were analysed using hierarchical multiple regression. Exposure to violence was positively related to PTSD. The relationship between exposure to violence and PTSD was moderated by resilience, self-esteem and social support such that the relationship was weaker for adolescents having higher levels of the moderators. The implications of the findings in terms of providing counselling interventions for the adolescents exposed to violence were discussed.

Samuel O Salami

2010-11-01

342

Beauty is as beauty does: body image and self-esteem of pageant contestants.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem, dieting, and body image of 131 female beauty pageant contestants (mean age 26.0 years) from 43 states were examined by an anonymous survey. Most (89.6%) reported being a pageant finalist or winner and 55.2% had competed at the nationa/international level Over one-fourth (26%) of the women had been told or perceived they had an eating disorder which reportedly began at 16.25 years. Almost half (48.5%) reported wanting to be thinner and 57% were trying to lose weight. Higher self-esteem scores were significantly associated with increased level of competition (i.e.: from local to international pageants), but not with the number of times the women were pageant finalists or winners. Future study is warranted to determine how pageant participation influences self-esteem, body image, and the development of eating disorders. PMID:14649788

Thompson, S H; Hammond, K

2003-09-01

343

Black Consciousness, Self-Esteem, and Satisfaction with Physical Appearance among African-American Female College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The extent to which black consciousness and self-esteem are associated with satisfaction with physical appearance is explored for 152 African-American female college students. Satisfaction with overall physical appearance and black consciousness have a moderate relationship. A strong relationship exists for self-esteem and satisfaction with facial…

Smith, Lori R.; And Others

1991-01-01

344

The Relationship between Self-Esteem and AD/HD Characteristics in the Serious Juvenile Delinquents in Japan  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to clarify the following 2 points: (1) whether self-esteem changes after correctional education, and (2) whether attention deficit/hyperactivity characteristics affect self-esteem. The subjects were 118 juveniles (all males) admitted to "A" juvenile correctional facility. Our findings indicated that during the…

Matsuura, Naomi; Hashimoto, Toshiaki; Toichi, Motomi

2009-01-01

345

Anxiety, Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem in Spanish Families with Blind Children. A Change in Psychological Adjustment?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the relation between levels of anxiety, self-esteem and subjective psychological well-being is analyzed in a Spanish sample of 28 fathers and 33 mothers of blind children. The results reveal a positive correlation between subjective psychological well-being and self-esteem, and a negative correlation between anxiety and subjective…

Sola-Carmona, Juan Jesus; Lopez-Liria, Remedios; Padilla-Gongora, David; Daza, Maria Teresa; Sanchez-Alcoba, Manuel Alejandro

2013-01-01

346

Trajectories of Depressive Symptoms and Self-Esteem in Latino Youths: Examining the Role of Gender and Perceived Discrimination  

Science.gov (United States)

The current longitudinal study examined changes in Latino adolescents' (N = 323, M age = 15.31 years) self-esteem and depressive symptoms across the high school years. Differences in trajectories were examined by gender and perceived ethnic discrimination. Findings revealed that self-esteem increased across high school for both male adolescents…

Zeiders, Katharine H.; Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Derlan, Chelsea L.

2013-01-01

347

Mean-Level Change and Intraindividual Variability in Self-Esteem and Depression among High-Risk Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated mean-level changes and intraindividual variability of self-esteem among maltreated (N = 142) and nonmaltreated (N = 109) school-aged children from low-income families. Longitudinal factor analysis revealed higher temporal stability of self-esteem among maltreated children compared to nonmaltreated children. Cross-domain…

Kim, Jungmeen; Cicchetti, Dante

2009-01-01

348

Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Study of Adolescent Students in England and the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

Utilizing mixed methodology, this paper investigates the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement for young adolescents within two Western cultural contexts: the United States and England. Quantitative and qualitative data from 86 North American and 86 British adolescents were utilized to examine the links between self-esteem and…

Booth, Margaret Zoller; Gerard, Jean M.

2011-01-01

349

One Step Closer: Understanding the Complex Relationship between Weight and Self-Esteem in Ethnically Diverse Preadolescent Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical support for the association between childhood overweight and low self-esteem is equivocal. The present study investigated how weight, ethnicity, body esteem, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating attitudes/behaviors contribute to global and dimensional self-esteem in a non-clinical sample of Hispanic- and Anglo-American grade 3-6…

Erickson, Sarah J.; Hahn-Smith, Anne; Smith, Jane Ellen

2009-01-01

350

The Longitudinal Interplay of Adolescents' Self-Esteem and Body Image: A Conditional Autoregressive Latent Trajectory Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem and body image are central to coping successfully with the developmental challenges of adolescence. However, the current knowledge surrounding self-esteem and body image is fraught with controversy. This study attempts to clarify some of them by addressing three questions: (1) Are the intraindividual developmental trajectories of…

Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Maiano, Christophe; Marsh, Herbert W.; Janosz, Michel; Nagengast, Benjamin

2011-01-01

351

Self-Esteem among Vietnamese American Adolescents: The Role of Self-Construal, Family Cohesion, and Social Support  

Science.gov (United States)

This prospective study examined whether interdependent self-construal (collectivism), independent self-construal (individualism), family cohesion, and social support would predict levels of self-esteem among Vietnamese American adolescents. Standardized self-report measures of family cohesion, social support, and self-esteem, as well as a measure…

Lam, Brian Trung

2005-01-01

352

Self-Esteem of Young Adults Experiencing Interparental Violence and Child Physical Maltreatment: Parental and Peer Relationships as Mediators  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the joint impact of experiencing both interparental violence and child physical maltreatment on young adults' self-esteem. It also tested the hypothesis of parental and peer relationship qualities as mediators in the relationship between childhood histories of family violence and adult self-esteem. Data were collected from a…

Shen, April Chiung-Tao

2009-01-01

353

Students' Self-Esteem in an Asian Educational System: The Contribution of Parental Involvement and Parental Investment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Seeks to identify factors related to parental involvement and investment having the greatest impact on the self-esteem of Hong Kong middle-school students. Finds, for example, that the effect of parental involvement on student's self-esteem is greater than that of parental investment, with home-based involvement having the strongest effect. Draws…

Ho, Esther Sui-chu

2003-01-01

354

Structural Relations of Personal and Collective Self-Esteem to Subjective Well-Being: Attachment as Moderator  

Science.gov (United States)

A model indicating that the relationship between collective self-esteem and indicators of subjective well-being, happiness and life satisfaction, was mediated by personal self-esteem was tested by structural equation modeling. The model, including all participants, fitted well to the data. The results suggested that the relationship of collective…

Simsek, Omer Faruk

2013-01-01

355

Self-Esteem Scores among Deaf College Students: An Examination of Gender and Parents' Hearing Status and Signing Ability.  

Science.gov (United States)

A study involving 152 college students with deafness found students who had at least one parent with deafness and signed scored significantly higher on self-esteem measures than those with hearing parents who could or who could not sign. Overall, self-esteem scores for all respondents were high. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)

Crowe, Teresa V.

2003-01-01

356

Relationship between Physical Attractiveness, Physical Effectiveness, and Self-Esteem: A Cross-Sectional Analysis among Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined contributions of physical attractiveness and physical effectiveness to self-esteem among adolescents in grades 7, 9, and 11, and college freshmen. Both attractiveness and effectiveness were significantly related to self-esteem of males and females. Attractiveness and effectiveness did not appear to be differentially important to…

Thornton, Bill; Ryckman, Richard M.

1991-01-01

357

Impact of pediatric burn camps on participants’ self esteem and body image: An empirical study.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: This study focuses on possible effects of specialized summer camps on young burn survivors’ self esteem and body image. Method: Quantitative as well as qualitative measures was used. To study possible effects, a pretest–posttest comparison group design with a follow-up was employed. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure self esteem and body image in a burn camp group (n = 83, 8–18 years) and in a comparison group of children with burns who did not att...

Bakker, A.; Heijden, P. G. M.; Son, M. J. M.; Schoot, A. G. J.; Loey, N. E.

2011-01-01

358

Mindfulness-based stress reduction: Does mindfulness training affect competence based self-esteem and burnout?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Competence based self-esteem (CBSE) refers to a disposition where an individual strives for self-worth by achievements to compensate a low basic self-esteem (BSE). This kind of self-attitude is linked to burnout. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of an 8-week mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention on self-ratings of CBSE, BSE, burnout and mindfulness. Four MBSR groups were enrolled and a total sample comprised 29 participants. Results of repeated measures ANO...

Rajama?ki, Suvi

2011-01-01

359

Depression and its Correlation with Self-esteem and Social Support among Iranian University Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"nObjective: Considering the effects of the level of social support and self-esteem as risk factors in the onset and continuation of depression, the purpose of the current study (in addition to studying the demographic items of depression) was to investigate the correlation between depression and level of social support and self-esteem in Iranian university students studying non medical majors. "nMethod: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic research carried out on the students...

Ali Talaei; Mohammad Reza Fayyazi; Amir Rezaei Ardani; fatemeh Behdani

2009-01-01

360

Salience of rape affects self-esteem: the moderating role of gender and rape myth acceptance  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In two experiments, conducted in Germany and the U.S.A., it was found that exposure to a rape report lowered self-esteem and positive affect in women who do not accept ''rape myths'' (stereotypical beliefs which blame the victim and exonerate the rapist; Burt, 1980). Men high in rape myth acceptance (RMA) showed an increase in positive affect and self-esteem as a function of exposure to rape; men low in RMA and women high in RMA were largely unaffected. Both experiments demonstrated that thes...

Bohner, Gerd; Weisbrod, Christina; Raymond, Paula; Barzvi, Alexandra; Schwarz, Norbert

1993-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Cognitive functioning correlates of self-esteem and health locus of control in schizophrenia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Chien-Shu Wang,1 Jo Yung-Wei Wu,2 Wei-Chung Chang,3 Shu-Ping Chuang1 1Department of Psychiatry, Zuoying Branch of Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Hsin-Jia Psychotherapy Clinic, Taitung County, Taiwan Aim: The study aimed to investigate the relationship among sociodemographic factors, neurocognitive factors, self-esteem, and health locus of control in patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. We examined the self-esteem, internal health locus of control, and external health locus of control through sociodemographic and neurocognitive factors. Methods: Forty-six schizophrenic patients and 31 healthy residents from the community or hospital were recruited as the control group. All subjects participated in the self-esteem questionnaire, health locus of control questionnaire, and a series of neuropychological measures. Results: Multiple regression analysis revealed that inhibition of attention and external health locus of control were predictors for self-esteem (r=?0.30, P<0.05; r=0.41, P<0.01; inhibition of attention and external health locus of control were contributors for internal health locus of control (r=?0.43, P<0.01; r=0.61, P<0.001; and education was related to external health locus of control (r=?0.31, P<0.05. Conclusion: The current study integrated background characteristics and cognitive function to better understand the impact of self-esteem and health locus of control in schizophrenia. The findings indicated that inhibition of attention, external health locus of control, and education contributed to self-esteem, internal health locus of control and external health locus of control. However, the overall predicted variance accounted for by these predictors was small; thus, further research is necessary to examine imperative variables related with self-esteem and health locus of control in schizophrenia. Keywords: cognitive functioning, self-esteem, internal health locus of control, external health locus of control, schizophrenia

Wang CS

2013-10-01

362

Self-Concept Clarity and Religious Orientations: Prediction of Purpose in Life and Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study concerns the relationship between self-concept clarity, religiosity, and well-being, as well as the mediating influence of religiosity on the relationship between self-concept clarity and sense of meaning in life and self-esteem. Self-concept clarity was found to be a significant predictor of sense of meaning in life and self-esteem; intrinsic religious orientation was found to be a predictor of sense of meaning in life, while the quest religious orientation was a predictor ...

B?az?ek, Magdalena; Besta, Tomasz

2012-01-01

363

Birthplace, culture, self-esteem, and intimate partner violence among community-dwelling Hispanic women.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore variations in demographics, culture, self-esteem, and intimate partner violence among Hispanic women according to birthplace, and to identify factors associated with these differences in intimate partner violence (IPV). Baseline data from a randomized control trial testing the efficacy of an HIV prevention program were used. Path analyses identified differences in IPV between Colombian women and women from other Central/South American countries. Self-esteem was the only factor associated with these differences. Interventions addressing the unique needs of Hispanic women from different subgroups are needed. PMID:23363655

Gonzalez-Guarda, Rosa M; Vermeesch, Amber L; Florom-Smith, Aubrey L; McCabe, Brian E; Peragallo, Nilda P

2013-01-01

364

Predicting Adolescent Self-Esteem From Participation in School Sports Among Latino Subgroups  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Data from the in-school survey of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health on girls and boys who claim a Mexican, Puerto Rican, or Cuban heritage were employed to test two hypotheses: (1) Participating in a school-based sport is associated with self-esteem, and (2) school attachment and a sense of physical well-being mediate this relationship. The first hypothesis was partially confirmed in that participation in school sports was associated with self-esteem among Mexican American ...

Erkut, Sumru; Tracy, Allison J.

2002-01-01

365

Group therapy module to enhance self-esteem in patients with borderline personality disorder: a pilot study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Psychotherapeutic treatments of borderline personality disorder (BPD) often focus on severe behavioral problems. Until now, few techniques have been developed to specifically address low self-esteem in BPD. We developed a 6-session psychoeducative group therapy module to treat low self-esteem in BPD patients. After developing and piloting the therapy module, a controlled outpatient pilot study was performed. Nineteen female BPD patients participated in the group module after discharge from an inpatient DBT program. Twenty-four female BPD patients served as controls. Outcome was assessed by different self-esteem measures. Results showed a greater improvement in self-esteem in the intervention group. The findings suggest that the therapy module is an effective adjunctive treatment in increasing self-esteem in BPD. PMID:20590434

Jacob, Gitta A; Gabriel, Susanne; Roepke, Stefan; Stoffers, Jutta M; Lieb, Klaus; Lammers, Claas-Hinrich

2010-01-01

366

Ethnic Self-Esteem and Intergroup Attitudes Among the Estonian Majority and the non-Estonian Minority  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study was focussed on the relationships between ethnic self-esteem and various indicators of intergroup attitudes in a representative sample of adult population of Estonia (N=1142. Attitudinal variables that discriminated most between persons with high and low ethnic self-esteem were identified. Among Estonians ethnic self-esteem was related to positive ingroup bias, readiness for outgroup contact, perceived threat from the outgroup, attitudes to non-Estonian minority, and attitudes toward minority integration. Among non-Estonians ethnic self-esteem was related to readiness for outgroup contact, ethnic sterotypes, and various attitudes towards minority integration. An attempt was made to reconstruct the system of intergroup attidues of prototypical persons with high and low ethnic selfesteem and to describe psychological implications of high and low ethnic self-esteem for members of majority and minority groups. Various theoretical models (social identity theory, integrated threat theory, social dominane theory were used for interpretation of the results.

Maaris Raudsepp

2009-11-01

367

Attachment Style and Rejection Sensitivity: The Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem and Worry Among Iranian College Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study evaluated the relations between anxious attachment styles and rejection sensitivity, and the potential mediating role of self-esteem and worry. A sample of 125 Iranian college students completed surveys assessing rejection sensitivity, attachment style, worry and self-esteem. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM analyses were conducted. Results show that there is a significant positive relationship between anxious attachment styles and rejection sensitivity. The study suggests that a higher score in anxious attachment styles is associated with a higher level of worry and lower level of self-esteem and it is also associated with higher level of rejection sensitivity. Furthermore, there is a positive significant relationship between worry and rejection sensitivity and there is a negative significant relationship between self-esteem and rejection sensitivity. Results indicate that self-esteem and worry mediate the relationship between anxious attachment styles and rejection sensitivity.

Samira Khoshkam

2012-08-01

368

Early Acceleration of Mathematics Students and its Effect on Growth in Self-esteem: A Longitudinal Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) database was employed to examine the educational practice of early acceleration of students of mathematics on the development of their self-esteem across the entire secondary grade levels. Students were classified into three different academic categories (gifted, honors, and regular). Results indicated that, in terms of the development of their self-esteem, gifted students benefited from early acceleration, honors students neither benefited nor were harmed by early acceleration, and regular students were harmed by early acceleration. Early acceleration in mathematics promoted significant growth in self-esteem among gifted male students and among gifted, honors, and regular minority students. When students were accelerated, schools showed similar average growth in self-esteem among gifted students and regular students and a large effect of general support for mathematics on the average growth in self-esteem among honors students.

Ma, Xin

2002-11-01

369

A 10-Day Developmental Voyage: Converging Evidence from Three Studies Showing that Self-Esteem May Be Elevated and Maintained without Negative Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical evidence shows that educational experiences in the context of the outdoors lead to elevated self-esteem. Although elevated self-esteem is widely assumed to promote beneficial outcomes, recent evidence suggests that elevated self-esteem may also facilitate a variety of negative outcomes (i.e., increased prejudice, aggression, drug and…

Kafka, S.; Hunter, J. A.; Hayhurst, J.; Boyes, M.; Thomson, R. L.; Clarke, H.; Grocott, A. M.; Stringer, M.; O'Brien, K. S.

2012-01-01

370

Taiwanese Students' Gender, Age, Interdependent and Independent Self-Construal, and Collective Self-Esteem as Predictors of Professional Psychological Help-Seeking Attitudes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem, age, and gender were used to assess attitudes towards seeking psychological services among secondary school and college students. Self-esteem and gender significantly predicted students help-seeking attitudes. A counselor's knowledge of cultural perspectives of self-esteem, as they relate to help-seeking behaviors, will help with…

Yeh, Christine J.

2002-01-01

371

A Longitudinal Examination of Latino Adolescents' Ethnic Identity, Coping with Discrimination, and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

The current longitudinal study tested the premise that Latino adolescents' (N = 323) proactive coping with discrimination would mediate the relationship between ethnic identity and self-esteem. Each component of ethnic identity (i.e., exploration, resolution, and affirmation) was positively associated with concurrent assessments of adolescents'…

Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Vargas-Chanes, Delfino; Garcia, Cristal D.; Gonzales-Backen, Melinda

2008-01-01

372

Self-Esteem and Emotional Intelligence among B.Ed Trainees of Tsunami Affected Coastal Belt  

Science.gov (United States)

Through this study the author investigates the relationship between self-esteem and emotional intelligence among B.Ed trainees of Tsunami affected coastal belt of Alappey district of Kerala, India. Stream of study, marital status and age based comparisons were made among the B.Ed trainees. 92 B.Ed trainees were the participants in the study. It…

Babu M, Sameer

2008-01-01

373

Streaming and Students’ Self-Esteem: A Qualitative Study on Teachers’ Correspondence Bias  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This  study  was  aimed  to  investigate  the  effect  of  students’ streaming  practice  in  Malaysian  secondary  on  students’  self-esteem  through teachers’ expectancy.   17 teachers and 20 students from art and science streams of secondary schools  in  Penang,  Malaysia  were  participated  in  this  study.  Unstructured interviews  were  used  on  teachers  to  collect  the  qualitative  data  of  teachers’ expectancy.  The  par...

Prihadi Kususanto Chin Sook Fui

2013-01-01

374

Parental behavioral and psychological control relationships to self-esteem, life satisfaction, depression, and antisocial behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between parental behavioral control, psychological control and self-esteem, life satisfaction, antisocial behaviors and depression among Turkish adolescents. Participants for the present study consisted of 333 adolescents (168 girls, 163 boys between the age of 13 to 15 with a mean of 13.90 (SD=.514 years. Participants completed measures on behavioral control, psychological control and self-esteem, life satisfaction, antisocial behaviors and depression. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that behavioral control positively predicted life satisfaction, self-esteem, and negatively predicted antisocial behaviors and depression. Psychological control was significantly and positively predicted antisocial behaviors and depression, negatively predicted life satisfaction. Present study provided evidence for the role of behavioral and psychological control in adolescents’ self-esteem, life satisfaction, depression and antisocial behaviors. Also, findings underscore the role of differential associations of parental behavioral and psychological control with the well-being and ill-being of adolescents. Findings were discussed in terms of implications for parent education programs and family intervention program.

Yalç?n Özdemir

2012-11-01

375

School-Based Extracurricular Activity Involvement and Adolescent Self-Esteem: A Growth-Curve Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Research on adolescent self-esteem indicates that adolescence is a time in which individuals experience important changes in their physical, cognitive, and social identities. Prior research suggests that there is a positive relationship between an adolescent's participation in structured extracurricular activities and well-being in a variety of…

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.; Hagewen, Kellie J.

2011-01-01

376

Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Discrimination: An Examination of Coping Strategies, Social Support, and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

The research examined (a) girls' responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls' reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls ("M" = 16.3…

Ayres, Melanie M.; Leaper, Campbell

2013-01-01

377

Self-Esteem and Self-Concept Examination among Gifted Students with ADHD  

Science.gov (United States)

Intellectually gifted students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face unique academic and social challenges, yet little research has been conducted with this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the self-esteem and self-concept of intellectually gifted children with and without a coexisting diagnosis of ADHD.…

Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Rickels, Heather; Assouline, Susan G.; Richards, Allison

2012-01-01

378

Education, Ethnic Identity, and Acculturation as Predictors of Self-Esteem in Latino Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the self-esteem, acculturation, and ethnic identity of 150 Latino adolescents enrolled in either a bilingual or traditional education program. Bilingual education programs were established to ensure that academic failure was not the product of limited English proficiency. Grade point average (GPA), acculturation, and ethnic…

Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A.; DeLucia-Waack, Janice L.

2009-01-01

379

Changes in Self-Esteem across the First Year in College: The Role of Achievement Goals  

Science.gov (United States)

This longitudinal study examined the effects of achievement goals on the growth trajectories of self-esteem during the first-year at a comprehensive public university. College freshmen (N = 311) were followed for one academic year with three time points. Between-individual differences and within-individual change in achievement goals were…

Shim, Sungok Serena; Ryan, Allison M.; Cassady, Jerrell

2012-01-01

380

Self-Esteem and Delinquency in South Korean Adolescents: Latent Growth Modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the inter-related development of self-esteem and delinquency across three years. Participants were 3449 Korean high school adolescents (age M = 15.8, SD = 0.42, 1725 boys, 1724 girls) from Korea Youth Panel Study (KYPS), in 2005-2007, nationally representative of Korean adolescents. Latent growth modeling was employed for…

Lee, Kyungeun; Lee, Julie

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Labelling and Self-Esteem: The Impact of Using Specific vs. Generic Labels  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between being labelled either as having dyslexia or as having general special educational needs (SEN) and a child's self-esteem. Seventy-five children aged between 8 and 15 years categorised as having dyslexia (N = 26), as having general SEN (N = 26) or as having no learning difficulties (N…

Taylor, Laura Marie; Hume, Ian Robert; Welsh, Nikki

2010-01-01

382

Ethnic School Segregation and Self-Esteem: The Role of Teacher-Pupil Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants…

Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet

2012-01-01

383

The Effect of Ethnic Identity and Bilingual Confidence on Chinese Youth's Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the interrelated issues of private and public domains of self-esteem, ethnic identity formation, and bilingual confidence among youth of a minority group in a city in western Canada. One hundred, ten Chinese students aged 11-18 from a Chinese-language school were randomly surveyed. Most items of the instrument are derived from…

Lee, Jennifer Wen-shya

2008-01-01

384

Concurrent and Longitudinal Predictors of Self-Esteem in Elementary and Middle School Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of factors related to self-esteem, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, among 2 cohorts of girls over a period of 4 years, from elementary through middle school. Methods: A multiethnic sample of 656 elementary school girls recruited from 13 schools in Hayward, CA, and Tucson,…

Kutob, Randa M.; Senf, Janet H.; Crago, Marjorie; Shisslak, Catherine M.

2010-01-01

385

Can Both Low and High Self-Esteem Be Related to Aggression in Children?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the opposing hypotheses that either low or exaggerated but disputed self-esteem is related to aggression in 652 12-year-old schoolchildren. Children provided peer nominations of social acceptance and of physical aggression, self-ratings of global self-worth and of social satisfaction. Teachers rated aggressive behavior and…

Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Rydell, Ann-Margret; Henricsson, Lisbeth

2008-01-01

386

Auto-Photography as Research Practice: Identity and Self-Esteem Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper explores auto-photography as a form of research practice in the area of identity and self-esteem research. It allows researchers to capture and articulate the ways identity guides human action and thought. It involves the generation and examination of the static images that participants themselves believe best represent them.…

Noland, Carey M.

2006-01-01

387

Teaching Mental Skills for Self-Esteem Enhancement in a Military Healthcare Setting  

Science.gov (United States)

The need exists for educational methods which can positively influence self-esteem, especially in demanding military healthcare settings. Warrior Transition Units (WTU's) are tasked with the challenging mission of caring for seriously injured or ill U.S. Army Soldiers. This paper explored the hypothesis that an educationally-based Mental Skills…

Hammermeister, Jon; Pickering, Michael A.; Ohlson, Carl J.

2009-01-01

388

The Sliding Person Test--A Non-Verbal Measure of Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Sliding Person Test (SPERT) is a nonverbal measure of self-ideal discrepancy. The original test was a wooden manipulative which Joseph S. Karmos designed in order to pursue the 1962 conclusions of John Shlien, that even at a high level of abstraction, self-esteem is not without and it is more related to the unique and personal items which an…

Karmos, Ann H.; Karmos, Joseph S.

389

Making Sense of Misfortune: Deservingness, Self-Esteem, and Patterns of Self-Defeat  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on theorizing and research suggesting that people are motivated to view their world as an orderly and predictable place in which people get what they deserve, the authors proposed that (a) random and uncontrollable bad outcomes will lower self-esteem and (b) this, in turn, will lead to the adoption of self-defeating beliefs and behaviors. Four experiments demonstrated that participants who experienced or recalled bad (vs. good) breaks devalued their self-esteem (Studies 1a and 1b), and that decrements in self-esteem (whether arrived at through misfortune or failure experience) increase beliefs about deserving bad outcomes (Studies 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b). Five studies (Studies 3–7) extended these findings by showing that this, in turn, can engender a wide array of self-defeating beliefs and behaviors, including claimed self-handicapping ahead of an ability test (Study 3), the preference for others to view the self less favorably (Studies 4–5), chronic self-handicapping and thoughts of physical self-harm (Study 6), and choosing to receive negative feedback during an ability test (Study 7). The current findings highlight the important role that concerns about deservingness play in the link between lower self-esteem and patterns of self-defeating beliefs and behaviors. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

2014-01-01

390

Self-Esteem, Shyness, and Sociability in Adolescents with Specific Language Impairment (SLI)  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: To determine if lower global self-esteem, shyness, and low sociability are outcomes associated with SLI in adolescence. Possible concurrent predictive relationships and gender differences were also examined. Method: Fifty-four adolescents with SLI, aged between 16 and 17 years, were compared with a group of 54 adolescents with typical…

Wadman, Ruth; Durkin, Kevin; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

2008-01-01

391

Self-Esteem: Issues for Adolescents with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities. CYDLINE Reviews.  

Science.gov (United States)

This annotated bibliography focuses on issues of self-esteem in adolescents with disabilities, which is seen as closely related to development of critical social skills. References have been drawn from the National Center for Youth with Disabilities' National Resource Library, a database about youth with chronic illnesses and disabilities. The…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. National Center for Youth with Disabilities.

392

Self-Esteem of Hearing-Impaired Adolescents: Effects of Labelling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research indicated that hearing-impaired subjects' perceptions of others' evaluations of them were more positive for the hard-of-hearing than for the deaf and suggested that observed higher self-esteem of the hard-of-hearing resulted indirectly from these differential perceptions rather than directly from the labels "deaf" and "hard-of-hearing."…

Brooks, Harvey C.; Ellis, Godfrey J.

1982-01-01

393

Body Image, Self-Esteem and Depression in Female Adolescent College Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine whether Body Mass Index (BMI) and the subjective perception of body weight, and body shape satisfaction predict level of self-esteem and depression among female college students. Method: The sample comprised of 124 female college students ranging in age from 16-21 years. Self perception of…

Latha, K. S.; Hegde, Supriya; Bhat, S. M.; Sharma, P. S. V. N.; Rai, Pooja

2006-01-01

394

Assessing the Self-Esteem of Female Undergraduate Students: An Issue of Methodology  

Science.gov (United States)

For many students, embarking on higher education can pose particular threats and challenges, not only to academic identity, but also to fundamental, personal aspects of the self. This paper reports a methodological study that employed quantitative and qualitative research methods to explore the impact on the sense of self and self-esteem of a…

Knightley, Wendy M.; Whitelock, Denise M.

2007-01-01

395

Trumping Shame by Blasts of Noise: Narcissism, Self-Esteem, Shame, and Aggression in Young Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This experiment tested how self-views influence shame-induced aggression. One hundred and sixty-three young adolescents (M = 12.2 years) completed measures of narcissism and self-esteem. They lost to an ostensible opponent on a competitive task. In the shame condition, they were told that their opponent was bad, and they saw their own name at the…

Thomaes, Sander; Bushman, Brad J.; Stegge, Hedy; Olthof, Tjeert

2008-01-01

396

Self-Esteem in Pure Bullies and Bully/Victims: A Longitudinal Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Past research on the self-esteem of bullies has produced equivocal results. Recent studies have suggested that the inconsistent findings may be due, in part, to the failure to account for bully/victims: those children who both bully and are victims of bullying. In this longitudinal study, we examined the distinctions among pure bullies, pure…

Pollastri, Alisha R.; Cardemil,, Esteban V.; O'Donnell, Ellen H.

2010-01-01

397

Making sense of misfortune: Deservingness, self-esteem, and patterns of self-defeat.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on theorizing and research suggesting that people are motivated to view their world as an orderly and predictable place in which people get what they deserve, the authors proposed that (a) random and uncontrollable bad outcomes will lower self-esteem and (b) this, in turn, will lead to the adoption of self-defeating beliefs and behaviors. Four experiments demonstrated that participants who experienced or recalled bad (vs. good) breaks devalued their self-esteem (Studies 1a and 1b), and that decrements in self-esteem (whether arrived at through misfortune or failure experience) increase beliefs about deserving bad outcomes (Studies 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b). Five studies (Studies 3-7) extended these findings by showing that this, in turn, can engender a wide array of self-defeating beliefs and behaviors, including claimed self-handicapping ahead of an ability test (Study 3), the preference for others to view the self less favorably (Studies 4-5), chronic self-handicapping and thoughts of physical self-harm (Study 6), and choosing to receive negative feedback during an ability test (Study 7). The current findings highlight the important role that concerns about deservingness play in the link between lower self-esteem and patterns of self-defeating beliefs and behaviors. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24956317

Callan, Mitchell J; Kay, Aaron C; Dawtry, Rael J

2014-07-01

398

Ergenlerin Benlik Sayg?s? ve Sosyal Kayg? Düzeyleri Aras?ndaki ?li?ki ve Ki?isel De?i?kenlerin Etkileri The Relation Between Self-Esteem And Social Anxiety Levels Of Adolescents And The Effects Of Personal Variables  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of adolescents. Besides, the effects of gender, perceived self-image, perceived school success, attending leisure time activities, having a peer group, having a special friend were investigated. The sample consisted of 300 adolescents, 152 girl, 148 boy by random sampling method. Data were collected by Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and Social Anxiety Scale with a questionnaire developed by the researchers to gather personal information. Data were analysed by using SPSS 15 statistical programme, with non-parametric techniques as Mann – Whitney U ve Kruskal – Wallis H and Spearman Brown correlation test. Results showed that there is a negative medium level relation between the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of the adolescents. According to the results, the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of the adolescents don’t differ according to gender and having a special friend. Perceived self-image is found to be effective on the self-esteem levels, general social anxiety levels of adolescents and also is found to be effective on social avoidance, being criticized anxiety and worthlessness levels. Perceived school success is found to be effective on the self-esteem levels of the adolescents. Attending leisure time activities is found to be effective on general social anxiety levels of the adolescents and also is found to be effective on social avoidance and being criticized anxiety levels of the adolescents. Having a peer group is found to be effective on the self-esteem levels of adolescents and also is found to be effective on general social anxiety levels, on the social avoidance and worthlessness levels of adolescents.

Yasemin ER??

2013-07-01

399

Self-esteem, social support perception and seizure controllability perception in adolescents with epilepsy Autoestima, percepção de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade de crises em adolescentes com epilepsia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Compare the self-esteem of adolescents with epilepsy and adolescents without epilepsy and relate it to social support and seizure controllability perception. METHOD: The study sample consisted: case participants (34 subjects attending the pediatric epilepsy clinic of University Hospital and control participants (30 subjects from public schools in Campinas-SP. The instruments utilized were: identification card with demographic and epilepsy data, a semi-structured interview on aspects of the disease, and a Self-Esteem Multidimensional Scale. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups but majority of adolescents with epilepsy presented higher self esteem rate, have knowledge about epilepsy, presented high levels of social support and seizure controllability perception. There was no significant relationship between social support and seizure controllability perception with self-esteem. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about epilepsy, social support such good controllability seizure perception seem are important contingencies for a better evaluation of self esteem in adolescents with epilepsy.OBJETIVO: Comparar a autoestima de adolescentes com epilepsia e adolescentes sem epilepsia e relacioná-la com percepção de suporte social e controlabilidade de crises. MÉTODO: A amostra do estudo consiste: grupo caso (34 sujeitos atendidos no ambulatório de epilepsia infantil do Hospital Universitário e grupo controle (30 indivíduos de escolas públicas de Campinas-SP. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: cartão de identificação com dados demográficos e de epilepsia, entrevista semiestruturada sobre os aspectos da doença e Escala Multidimensional de autoestima. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos, mas a maioria dos adolescentes com epilepsia apresentou maior pontuação de autoestima, conhecimento sobre epilepsia, altos níveis de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises. Não houve relação significativa entre suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises com a autoestima. CONCLUSÃO: Conhecimento sobre a epilepsia, percepção de apoio social assim como boa controlabilidade de crises parecem ser contingências importantes para uma melhor avaliação da autoestima em adolescentes com epilepsia.

Nathália F. Siqueira

2011-10-01

400

Is low self-esteem a risk factor for depression? Findings from a longitudinal study of Mexican-origin youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the relation between low self-esteem and depression using longitudinal data from a sample of 674 Mexican-origin early adolescents who were assessed at age 10 and 12 years. Results supported the vulnerability model, which states that low self-esteem is a prospective risk factor for depression. Moreover, results suggested that the vulnerability effect of low self-esteem is driven, for the most part, by general evaluations of worth (i.e., global self-esteem), rather than by domain-specific evaluations of academic competence, physical appearance, and competence in peer relationships. The only domain-specific self-evaluation that showed a prospective effect on depression was honesty-trustworthiness. The vulnerability effect of low self-esteem held for male and female adolescents, for adolescents born in the United States versus Mexico, and across different levels of pubertal status. Finally, the vulnerability effect held when we controlled for several theoretically relevant 3rd variables (i.e., social support, maternal depression, stressful events, and relational victimization) and for interactive effects between self-esteem and the 3rd variables. The present study contributes to an emerging understanding of the link between self-esteem and depression and provides much needed data on the antecedents of depression in ethnic minority populations. PMID:23895172

Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W; Widaman, Keith F; Conger, Rand D

2014-02-01

 
 
 
 
401

Sheltering the self from the storm: self-construal abstractness and the stability of self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-construal abstractness (SCA) refers to the degree to which people construe important bases of self-esteem in a broad, flexible, and abstract rather than a concrete and specific manner. This article hypothesized that SCA would be a unique predictor of self-esteem stability, capturing the degree to which people's most important bases of self-worth are resistant to disconfirmation. Two studies using a daily diary methodology examined relationships between SCA, daily self-esteem, and daily emotions and/or events. In Study 1, individual differences in SCA emerged as the most consistent and unique predictor of self-esteem stability. Furthermore, SCA contributed to self-esteem stability by buffering the influence of daily negative emotions on self-esteem. Study 2 manipulated SCA via a daily self-construal task and found an abstract versus concrete self-focus to buffer the influence of daily negative events on self-esteem. Implications of these findings for the study of the self and well-being are discussed. PMID:19915097

Updegraff, John A; Emanuel, Amber S; Suh, Eunkook M; Gallagher, Kristel M

2010-01-01

402

Peer Acceptance Protects Global Self-esteem from Negative Effects of Low Closeness to Parents During Adolescence and Early Adulthood  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Having a distant relationship with parents seems to increase the risk of developing a more negative global self-esteem. This article describes a longitudinal study of 1,090 Norwegian adolescents from the age of 13–23 (54 % males) that explored whether peer acceptance can act as a moderator and protect global self-esteem against the negative effects of experiencing low closeness in relationships with parents. A quadratic latent growth curve for global self-esteem with closeness to parents an...

Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Breivik, Kyrre; Wold, Bente

2013-01-01

403

Self-esteem, sense of coherence and values - A correlational study of the underlying variables in Morris Rosenberg's concept of self-esteem in Finnish work-aged samples  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aimed to clarify underlying variables of global self-esteem in work-aged Finnish men and women as assessed on a measure developed by M. Rosenberg (1965). The study examined the relationship between self-esteem and (1) sense of coherence (Antonovsky, 1979) and sense of competence, (2) Machiavellism (Mach IV) and (3) personal values assessed through the Portraits measure (Schwartz, 2001) and completed in relation to work and spiritual values. Based on Eagly’s (1987) theory of gende...

Jaari, Aini

2004-01-01

404

BACHMAN TREATMENT FACILITY FOR EXCESSIVE STORM FLOW IN SANITARY SEWERS  

Science.gov (United States)

The Bachman Treatment Facility was built in Dallas, Texas, to provide physical-chemical treatment to those municipal wastewater flows that during periods of heavy precipitation exceed the capacity of a downstream interceptor. The treatments provided in the facility include the ad...

405

Bachman's Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii) 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Since it was listed in 1973, the 1nost fOrInal extensive and intensive searches for Bachman's warbler were conducted in 1975 to 1979. Other searches have focused on narrow geographic areas, such as parts of Tensas National Wildlife Refuge and Congaree Nat...

2008-01-01

406

Drug Prevention by Increasing Self-Esteem: Influence of Teaching Approaches and Gender on Different Consumption Groups  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Our study focused on an educational intervention designed to increase the self-esteem of low-achieving eighthgraders. The intervention was a substance-specific life skills program built upon teacher-centered versusstudent-centered teaching methods. A cluster analysis identified four consumption groups prior to the intervention: Apotentially curious cluster (PC), a currently curious cluster (CC), an experimenter cluster (EP) and a consumercluster (CO). Self-esteem was meas...

Thomas Heyne; Bogner Franz X.

2013-01-01

407

A Cooperative Study of Self-Esteem, Leadership and Resilience amongst Illegal Motorbike Racers and Normal Adolescents in Malaysia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Understanding self-esteem, leadership and resilience among at risk youth who are involved in illegal motorbike racing is a crucial issue prior to starting any intervention programs. It may provide an indication of their profile in order to change this negative behavior. This study aimed in examining the relationship between self-esteem, leadership and resilience among illegal motorbike racers and its comparison with normal adolescents. The study employed survey research involving the administ...

Wan Shahrazad, W. S.; Fauziah I.; Asmah Bee M. N.; Ismail B.

2012-01-01

408

The relationship between self- esteem and perceived academic competence:a survey of deaf learners in special schools in Uganda  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract The research problem focused on Deaf learners? self esteem and perceived academic competences, the relationship between self esteem and perceived academic competence of Deaf learners in special schools triggered by the fact that Deaf learners in special schools in Uganda have had relatively low academic competences. The Cultural Nature of Human Development theory formed the basis of the present study was among the minority community (Deaf people) and therefore, issues of culture...

Nantongo, Proscovia

2008-01-01

409

Insecure Attachment, Dysfunctional Attitudes, and Low Self-Esteem Predicting Prospective Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety During Adolescence  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study extends the existing adult literature on insecure attachment as a predictor of depression and anxiety by examining these pathways in a sample of adolescents. In addition, dysfunctional attitudes and low self-esteem were tested as mediators of the association between insecure attachment and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Youth (N =350; 6th–10th graders) completed self-report measures of attachment, dysfunctional attitudes, self-esteem, and symptoms of depression and anxiety i...

Lee, Adabel; Hankin, Benjamin L.

2009-01-01

410

Self-Esteem and Academic Performance of 4th Graders in two Elementary Schools in Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 2005, 62% of pupils who sat the 4th grade literacy and numeracy examination attained mastery, which increased to 67% in 2009 from 50% in 2001. No study has examined the role of self-esteem on the academic performance of Jamaican 4th graders. The main objectives were, 1 evaluate the influence of selfesteem on academic performance, 2 determine factors that account for changes in self-esteem, and 3 examine factors of academic performance. The sample for this research was one hundred and twenty (120 respondents. Multiple repression techniques were conducted to identify variables explaining performance, with self-esteem being among the variables. A p-value ?0.10 was used to indicate statistical significance. There is a positive correlation between self-esteem and academic performance (rs = 0.611, p<0.0001. Four variables emerged as statistical significant factors of self-esteem-academic performance, age of respondents, gender and parental behaviour, which explain 64.4% of the variability in self-esteem. Boys had a lower self-esteem (b = -3.911 than their female counterparts. Self-esteem is the most influential factor that account for academic performance. Of the nine variables used, four emerged as explaining academic performance, which explained 73.6% of the variability in academic performance. The emerging findings and knowledge gleaned from this work present a critical guide and a framework for policy practitioners to implement measure that can effectively address low performance among 4th graders.

L.K. Colquhoun

2012-02-01

411

Self-Esteem, Negative Emotionality, and Depression as a Common Temperamental Core: A Study of Mid-Adolescent Twin Girls  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We tested the structure and magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on the overlap among self-esteem, negative emotionality, and major depression symptoms in adolescent girls (N = 706) from the Minnesota Twin Family Study. Genetic and environmental influences on all three operated via a general, heritable factor. Genetic influences explained the majority of overlap among the three constructs, as well as most of the variance in self-esteem and negative emotionality. Genetic influence...

Neiss, Michelle B.; Stevenson, Jim; Legrand, Lisa N.; Iacono, William G.; Sedikides, Constantine

2009-01-01

412

Ethnic identity, self-esteem, and occupational aspirations of Indian and Anglo-Saxon British adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire monitoring occupational aspiration, ethnic identification, adolescent experience, and self-esteem was administered to a large sample of Indian and Anglo-Saxon British male and female adolescents attending school in the West Midlands. The relationship between these variables and differences between the four groups were consistent with predictions derived from the social identity approach to intergroup relations and group behaviour (Tajfel & Turner, 1979). Indian males were found to possess a social mobility belief structure that mediates high occupational aspirations and keeness to marry out of their ethnic group. In contrast, Indian females were found to possess a social change belief structure associated with acceptance of the status quo and lower aspirations. Males and Anglo-Saxons reported higher self-esteem than females or Indians. The adolescent experience findings were less clear, but were consistent with the general interpretation of the data that the differences in intersex relations and gender-related experiences are contingent on ethnicity. PMID:3436522

Hogg, M A; Abrams, D; Patel, Y

1987-11-01

413

Auto-Photography as Research Practice: Identity and Self-Esteem Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper explores auto-photography as a form of research practice in the area of identity and self-esteem research. It allows researchers to capture and articulate the ways identity guides human action and thought. It involves the generation and examination of the static images that participants themselves believe best represent them. Auto-photography is an important tool for building bridges with marginalized groups in the research process, since it offers researchers a way to let participants speak for themselves. Furthermore, by using this method researchers can avoid exclusive reliance on survey questionnaires and other such research instruments that may be culturally biased. I present two research projects using auto-photography: one involving adolescent Latina girls and one involving Indian women. Based on the experience of these projects, I discuss auto-photography's importance in identity and self-esteem research. Finally, I discuss some of the benefits and challenges of working with this method.

Carey M. Noland

2006-01-01

414

The relationship between vigorous physical activity and juvenile delinquency: a mediating role for self-esteem?  

Science.gov (United States)

Many policy-related reviews of the potential social value of sport and physical activity list the prevention of juvenile delinquency. We examined the relationships among vigorous physical activity, self-esteem, and delinquent behavior among adolescents in a large cross-sectional survey of Ontario adolescents. Data are based on questionnaires from 3,796 students (range 11-20 years) derived from the 2005 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey. Negative binominal regression methods were used to estimate both additive and interactive models predicting delinquent behavior. Vigorous physical activity was positively associated with delinquent behavior; however, this pattern of association was observed only among male adolescents. There was no evidence of a mediating role for self-esteem. Our findings suggest that physical activity is not the solution for reducing juvenile delinquency. PMID:17268877

Faulkner, Guy E J; Adlaf, Edward M; Irving, Hyacinth M; Allison, Kenneth R; Dwyer, John J M; Goodman, Jack

2007-04-01

415

Organizational Socialization and Collective Self-Esteem as Drivers of Organizational Identification  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Organizational identification can explain various employees’ attitudes, so that it is thought to be a root construct in organizational phenomena. Although organizational identification means process, no previous studies have focused on the process by which organizational identification is developed. This study reveals the mechanisms involved in developing organizational identification. For this paper, a model was constructed from the perspective of Bandura’s modeling theory. Three hypotheses emerged: (1 Organizational socialization influences organizational identification positively, (2 collective self-esteem influences organizational identification positively, and (3 organizational socialization influences collective self-esteem positively. These were tested by means of SEM. Through this model, this paper demonstrates a new process of organizational identification via a new perspective.

Shohei Hayashi

2013-11-01

416

Whether Positive Global Self-Esteem Can Facilitate Second Language Acquisition?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Affective factors are universally acknowledged to play an important role in Second Language Acquisition, but those factors, with a rather wide range, have to be tested one by one so that how relevant each one is to SLA can be discovered. The present study focuses on one of them – self-esteem, which is believed an influential factor in affective domain. Through a case study, complete with questionnaires and interviews, it is believed that there is no relevant proof that the positive globa...

Li, Dongfeng; Li, He

2013-01-01

417

Students' Self-Esteem at School: The Risk, the Challenge, and the Cure  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

As one of the most important elements in students’ psychological well-being, self-esteem is often neglected at school. In schools where students are grouped based on their academic abilities (Between Class Ability Grouping or BCAG, or tracking), teachers are likely to have different expectancies toward different group of students; towards high-achieving students, they tend to be academically supportive, while towards low-achieving students, they tend to control students’ behavior in order...

Prihadi Kususanto; Melissa Chua

2012-01-01

418

Mental Health in Children Undergoing Reconstructive Surgery : Studies on Self-Esteem and Social Interaction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

While the functional and anatomical aspects of reconstructive surgery in children with leg length inequality (LLI), prominent ears (PE) and cleft lip and palate (CLP) have been studied in detail, the psychological aspects of surgery have been less explored. The benefit of a changed appearance and function on self-esteem and ability to social interaction are other areas where information is lacking. The aim of this thesis is to examine, during the process of reconstructive surgery, the mental ...

Johansson Niemela?, Birgitta

2008-01-01

419

Structural Analysis of Relationship of Internet Addiction with Depression, Social Adjustment and Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction & Objective: Internet has become more widespread, removed borders, and provided the people all over the world with great opportunities. Notwithstanding this, the consequences especially in social and cultural context must not be neglected. One of the harmful aspects of internet is internet addiction disorder. The present study aimed to survey and analyzes internet addiction relationship with depression, social adjustment, and self esteem.Materials & Methods: Our research method i...

2012-01-01

420

Self Esteem Communication Skills and Cooping with Stress of Young Workers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AIM: Working younger when they are investigated in terms of family structure, socio-economic condition and work condition, working environment, friend?s relation and for various reasons and in terms of expectations, due to risks they carry, they constituted an important group for preventive mental health studies. This study is conducted to determine working youngsters self esteem, communication skills, coping skills. METHODS: The samples of this descriptive study consist of 79 headworker...

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Workshops in creativity and self-esteem in the Teaching Degree at Campus Quito  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper presents an experimental implementation of creativity and self-esteem workshops within the teaching degree at Salesian Polytechnic University, Campus Quito, with the goal of strenghthening a comprehensive training and professional motivations of the students. This group device is not mandatory for students - attempts to provide a space for reflection and self-evaluation, creativity and communication, achieving levels of self-respect and the other, in the context of understanding and solidarity.

María Verónica Di Caudo

2012-06-01

422

Workshops in creativity and self-esteem in the Teaching Degree at Campus Quito  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper presents an experimental implementation of creativity and self-esteem workshops within the teaching degree at Salesian Polytechnic University, Campus Quito, with the goal of strenghthening a comprehensive training and professional motivations of the students. This group device is not mandatory for students - attempts to provide a space for reflection and self-evaluation, creativity and communication, achieving levels of self-respect and the other, in the context of understanding a...

2012-01-01

423

Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: the Mediating Impact of Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to examine the influence of leader-member exchange (LMX) from the perspectives of superior as well as subordinates on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Self-esteem was also examined as a mediator variable. Data were gathered from a sample of 300 non-supervisory employees and their 118 superiors, that represented banking organizations situated in the Klang Valley of Malaysia. The analysis indicated that superior-LMX had positive impact on OCB, but the impact ...

Noormala Amir Ishak; Syed Shah Alam

2009-01-01

424

Personality and self-esteem as predictors of students’ academic achievement  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study seeks to determine the extent to which university students’ personality traits and their self-esteem can serve as the bases for predicting their grade point average (GPA). The following groups of students from the Faculty of Education in Ljubljana participated in the research: 88 students attending the first year and 80 students attending the second year of the Primary Teacher Education programme, and 41 students attending the first year of the Social Pedagogy pr...

Smrtnik Vitulic?, Helena; Prosen, Simona

2011-01-01

425

Affect and Strategy Use: The Relationship between EFL Learners’ Self-esteem and Language Learning Strategies  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Language Learning Strategies (LLSs) and Global Self-esteem (GSE) among college-level EFL learners. It was also meant to know which strategies are more frequent among learners. One hundred and twenty seven undergraduate students majoring in English at Lorestan University participated in the study. Two questionnaires, i.e. the Oxford’s (1990) Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), and the R...

Amir Asadifard; Reza Biria

2013-01-01

426

Cognitive functioning correlates of self-esteem and health locus of control in schizophrenia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Chien-Shu Wang,1 Jo Yung-Wei Wu,2 Wei-Chung Chang,3 Shu-Ping Chuang1 1Department of Psychiatry, Zuoying Branch of Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Hsin-Jia Psychotherapy Clinic, Taitung County, Taiwan Aim: The study aimed to investigate the relationship among sociodemographic factors, neurocognitive factors, self-esteem, and health locus of control in patients...

Cs, Wang; Jyw, Wu; Wc, Chang; Sp, Chuang

2013-01-01

427

Self-esteem, self-concept and life satisfaction of dyslexic students at university  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Numerous studies with dyslexic children have consistently found that they have lower self-esteem, lower academic self-concept and lower reading self-concept but not a lower non-academic self-concept than non-dyslexic children. This study therefore, intends to examine whether similar findings could be replicated in dyslexic university students. Given the lack of studies investigating the effects dyslexia has upon ones’ satisfaction with life, this study also looked at life satisfaction. 28 d...

Shek, Emma

2009-01-01

428

Attributional retraining, self-esteem, and the job interview : Benefits and risks for college student employment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an attributional retraining program for helping upper-level undergraduates perform better in employment interviews as moderated by self-esteem levels. The sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students preparing for actual job interviews who were randomly assigned to an attributional retraining condition (controllable attribution focus) or control condition (communication skills focus). Dependent measures included interview-related attr...

Hall, Nathan C.; Gradt, Shannan E. Jackson; Go?tz, Thomas; Musu-gillette, Lauren E.

2011-01-01

429

The People Paradox: Self-Esteem Striving, Immortality Ideologies, and Human Response to Climate Change  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In 1973, Ernest Becker, a cultural anthropologist cross-trained in philosophy, sociology, and psychiatry, invoked consciousness of self and the inevitability of death as the primary sources of human anxiety and repression. He proposed that the psychological basis of cooperation, competition, and emotional and mental health is a tendency to hold tightly to anxiety-buffering cultural world views or “immortality projects” that serve as the basis for self-esteem and meaning. Although ...

Dickinson, Janis L.

2009-01-01

430

Longitudinal Examination of the Exercise and Self-Esteem Model in Middle-Aged Women  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This 2-year prospective study examined the exercise and self-esteem model in middle-aged women (N = 143) previously enrolled in a randomized controlled exercise trial. Across the 2-year period, increases in physical activity (PA) and self-efficacy and reductions in body mass index (BMI) were associated with improved subdomain self-perceptions relative to physical condition, and reductions in BMI were associated with improved subdomain self-perceptions relative to physical condition and body a...

Elavsky, Steriani

2010-01-01

431

BIRTHPLACE, CULTURE, SELF-ESTEEM AND INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AMONG COMMUNITY DWELLING HISPANIC WOMEN  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study was to explore variations in demographics, culture, self-esteem and intimate partner violence among Hispanic women according to birthplace, and to identify factors that are associated with these differences in intimate partner violence. Baseline data from a randomized control trial testing the efficacy of an HIV prevention program was used. Path analyses identified differences in intimate partner violence between Colombian women and women from other Central/South Ame...

2013-01-01

432

GENDER AND RACE PATTERNS IN THE PATHWAYS FROM SPORTS PARTICIPATION TO SELF-ESTEEM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Athletics is the most prominent extracurricular activity in U.S. secondary schools in terms of student participation and school budgets. The latter is often justified on the grounds that healthy bodies produce healthy minds, that school sports boost school spirit, and that participation in school-based sports increases students’ self-esteem. In this article we examine the interrelationships among participation in a school-based sport and the benefits assumed to be associated with it. Specif...

2002-01-01

433

The role of collective self-esteem on anxious-depressed symptoms for Asian and Latino children of immigrants.  

Science.gov (United States)

We conducted a 3-wave, longitudinal study to examine the role of ethnic collective self-esteem and United States (U.S.) collective self-esteem on anxious-depressed symptoms over time among Asian and Latino immigrant-origin adolescents (n = 171). Growth curve analysis revealed that anxious-depressed symptoms first decreased between 10th and 11th grade and then increased over time for both groups. Additionally higher levels of ethnic collective self-esteem were associated with lower levels of anxious-depressed symptoms only for Asian adolescents. There was a differing pattern for U.S. collective self-esteem such that for Latino adolescents, higher U.S. collective self-esteem was associated with higher anxious-depressed symptoms, whereas for Asian adolescents there was an inverse relationship with anxious-depressed symptoms. The results expand the literature on ethnic and U.S. collective self-esteem and their link to mental health. Implications of the findings for research in general, and for counseling immigrant youth and families in particular, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24773006

Gupta, Taveeshi; Rogers-Sirin, Lauren; Okazaki, Sumie; Ryce, Patrice; Sirin, Selcuk R

2014-04-01

434

Perceived Health Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Its Relations to Psychological Well-Being Status in Iranian Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Health locus of control (HLC has been associated with a variety of ailments and health outcomes and de­signed to predict behaviors and cognitive processes relevant to mental and physical health. This study investigated the relation­ships between perceived health locus of control, self-esteem, and mental health status among Iranian students. Methods: In this analytical study the subjects were recruited from students in Gonabad University of Medical Sci­ences, Iran, who studied in the first year (N=154. Students completed the questionnaires for assessing demographic, per­ceived health locus of control, self - esteem and psychological well- being data. Results: The statistical analysis revealed a negative relationship between perceived Internal HLC and self-esteem with psychologi­cal well-being. The positive correlation of the perceived Chance HLC with psychological well-being was statisti­cally significant (r= 0.21, P< 0.01 and the positive correlation of the perceived Internal HLC with self-esteem was statisti­cally significant (r= 0.25, P< 0.01. A significantly direct relationship between low perceived Internal HLC, self-esteem and psychological problems was found among these students. Conclusion: The findings will be addressed in relation to their implications for effective mental health education based on health locus of control especially internal and powerful others beliefs associated with self-esteem for students. This will re­quire additional monitoring and uninterrupted trying in order to be effective.

M Moshki

2010-12-01

435

Impact of parenting styles on adolescents' self-esteem and internalization of values in Spain.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship of parenting styles with adolescents' outcomes was analyzed within a sample of Spanish adolescents. A sample of 1456 teenagers from 13 to 16 years of age, of whom 54.3% were females, reported on their parents' child-rearing practices. The teenagers' parents were classified into one of four groups (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, or neglectful). The adolescents were then contrasted on two different outcomes: (1) priority given to Schwartz's self-transcendence (universalism and benevolence) and conservation (security, conformity, and tradition) values and (2) level of self-esteem (appraised in five domains: academic, social, emotional, family and physical). The results show that Spanish adolescents from indulgent households have the same or better outcomes than adolescents from authoritative homes. Parenting is related with two self-esteem dimensions--academic and family--and with all the self-transcendence and conservation values. Adolescents of indulgent parents show highest scores in self-esteem whereas adolescents from authoritarian parents obtain the worst results. In contrast, there were no differences between the priority given by adolescents of authoritative and indulgent parents to any of the self-transcendence and conservation values, whereas adolescents of authoritarian and neglectful parents, in general, assign the lowest priority to all of these values. PMID:17992960

Martínez, Isabel; García, José Fernando

2007-11-01

436

Correlation between fatigue and self-esteem in patients with multiple sclerosis / Correlação entre gravidade da fadiga e baixa estima na esclerose múltipla  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a possível associação entre fadiga e autoestima em pacientes com esclerose múltipla (EM). MÉTODO: Trinta pacientes foram avaliados de forma prospectiva. Nenhum deles apresentava depressão ou ansiedade moderada ou grave, e o grau de incapacidade foi baixo (EDSS[...] inicamente estáveis por pelo menos três meses e estavam recebendo a mesma medicação por pelo menos seis meses. O nível socioeconômico foi avaliado. A gravidade da fadiga e a autoestima foram avaliadas pelo uso de escalas especificas e validadas. Pacientes com ansiedade e/ou depressão moderadas ou graves foram excluídos. RESULTADOS: Baixa autoestima se mostrou correlacionada com fadiga (p=0,01), porém não relacionada a qualquer outra variável, como sexo, idade, EDSS, duração da EM, número se surtos, depressão e/ou ansiedade leves. CONCLUSÃO: Maior gravidade de fadiga na EM se correlaciona com baixa autoestima, sugerindo assim que esta queixa crônica que afeta tantos pacientes pode interferir com a maneira pela qual eles se vêem e se valorizam. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the possible association of fatigue with self-esteem in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHOD: Thirty patients were prospectively assessed. None of them presented moderate or severe depression or anxiety and their degree of disability was low (EDSS[...] lly stable for at least three months and had been receiving the same medication for at least six months. Socioeconomic level was assessed. Severity of fatigue and self-esteem were evaluated using specific, validated scales. Patients with moderate to severe anxiety and/or depression were excluded. RESULTS: Low self-esteem correlated with fatigue (p=0.01), but not with any other variables, such as age, gender, EDSS, MS duration, number of relapses, mild depression and/or anxiety. CONCLUSION: Greater severity of fatigue in MS correlates with low self-esteem, thus suggesting that this chronic complaint that affects so many patients can interfere with the way in which they see and value themselves.

Fragoso, Yára Dadalti; Silva, Érika Oliveira da; Finkelsztejn, Alessandro.

437

Attachment, conflict and self-esteem in adolescents from intact and divorced families / Apego, conflito e auto-estima em adolescentes de famílias intactas e divorciadas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the differential contribution to adolescent's self-esteem concerning family structure (intact and divorced families, interparental conflict, and attachment to parents and peers. The sample consisted of 403 adolescents, aged from 14 to 19. Univariate ANOVA showed that family structure does not predict self-esteem, but adolescents from intact families with higher levels of interparental conflict presented lower self-esteem. Parental attachment patterns derived from cluster analysis and based on Bartholomew bi-dimensional model were associated with self-esteem, namely, with higher levels for adolescents with a secure style. An ANOVA showed no moderation role in predicting adolescents' self-esteem, when attachment to parents and peers were considered as independent factors. On the other hand, multiple regression results indicated that high quality bonds to parents and peers are predictors of self-esteem.

Catarina Pinheiro Mota

2009-01-01

438

Influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico de estudiantes universitarios chilenos / Self-esteem, Perceived Social Support and Psychological Well- being of Chilean University Students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio, de tipo correlacional transeccional, examinó la influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico, en una muestra de 450 estudiantes de ambos sexos de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile, quienes respondieron las Escalas de Autoestima de Ros [...] enberg, de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff y el Cuestionario de Apoyo Social Percibido. Se encontró que la autoestima tenía una influencia mayor sobre el bienestar psicológico que el apoyo social percibido. Aunque no hubo diferencias de sexo en el bienestar psicológico global, se observaron diferencias a favor de los hombres en las dimensiones de autoaceptación y autonomía, y a favor de las mujeres, en crecimiento personal, así como diferencias a favor de los hombres en autoestima y a favor de las mujeres en apoyo social percibido. Abstract in english This correlational and cross-sectional study examined the relationships of psychological well-being with self-esteem and perceived social support in 450 male and female students from the University of Concepción (Chile). Individuals completed de Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Perceived Social Supp [...] ort Questionnaire and the Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scales. It was found that self-esteem had a higher influence on psychological well-being than perceived social support. There were not significant gender differences in general psychological well-being, but men reported higher self acceptance and autonomy, while women reported higher personal growth. It was also found that men reported greater self-esteem and women reported greater perceived social support.

Enrique, Barra Almagia.

439

The Relationship between The Self Esteem and The Anxiety Levels of Children between The Age 9-13 Whose Parents Had Divorced and The Same Range of Whom are Not Divorced  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between the self esteem and the anxiety levels of children between the age 9-13 whose parents had divorced and the same range of whom are not divorced. The sample consisted of 308 students (175 girls, 133 boys who were 9-13 years old among 17 primary schools. In this research, Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory For Children (STAIC and individual’s information their families` characteristic information prepared by researcher were used as a scale instrument. Research data was done by using the correlation method “t” test, “F” test and “scheffe” test. The results of the study indicates that there are the meaningful differences between the self esteems and the anxiety levels of children whose parents had divorced and the same range of whom are not divorced Also it was determined that the girl ones whose parents are not divorced are more anxiety than the boy ones whose parents are not divorced and again the self esteem levels of children the age 9 whose parents are not divorced are higher than the age 11 whose parents are not divorced.

Nergüz BULUT SER?N

2007-12-01

440

Moderators of the relationship between masculinity and sexual prejudice in men: friendship, gender self-esteem, same-sex attraction, and religious fundamentalism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Masculinity has been found to predict the sexual prejudice of heterosexual men against gay men. The present study investigated the role of four variables as moderators of the relationships between two masculinity constructs (endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology and gender role conflict) and sexual prejudice in men. The hypothesized moderators were: direct and indirect friendships with gay men, gender self-esteem, acknowledged same-sex attraction, and religious fundamentalism. A total of 383 men completed 8 scales plus a demographic questionnaire. Direct friendship strengthened the positive relationship between masculinity ideology and sexual prejudice, contrary to hypothesis. This finding could mean that high masculinity ideology scores reduced the likelihood that a man with many gay friends would let go of his prejudice. Direct friendship did not moderate the relationship between gender role conflict and sexual prej