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1

Utility of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale  

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The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) continues to be used to purportedly measure self-esteem of people with intellectual disabilities, despite the lack of sound evidence concerning its validity and reliability when employed with this population. The psychometric foundations of the RSES were analyzed here with a sample of 219 participants with…

Davis, Clare; Kellett, Stephen; Beail, Nigel

2009-01-01

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Variables Related to Romanticism and Self-Esteem in Pregnant Teenagers.  

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Administered Dean Romanticism Scale and Bachman Self-Esteem Scale to 121 pregnant adolescents (ages 12-21). Found that two variables were significantly related to feelings of romanticism: adoption considerations and whether adolescent planned to have child with the baby's father. Two variables were significantly related to self-esteem: incidence…

Medora, Nilufer P.; And Others

1993-01-01

3

The development and validation of the Relational Self-Esteem Scale.  

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According to the tripartite model of the self (Brewer & Gardner, 1996), the self consists of three aspects: personal, relational, and collective. Correspondingly, individuals can achieve a sense of self-worth through their personal attributes (personal self-esteem), relationship with significant others (relational self-esteem), or social group membership (collective self-esteem). Existing measures on personal and collective self-esteem are available in the literature; however, no scale exists that assesses relational self-esteem. The authors developed a scale to measure individual differences in relational self-esteem and tested it with two samples of Chinese university students. Between and within-network approaches to construct validation were used. The scale showed adequate internal consistency reliability and results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed good fit. It also exhibited meaningful correlations with theoretically relevant constructs in the nomological network. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:22462657

Du, Hongfei; King, Ronnel B; Chi, Peilian

2012-06-01

4

Romanticism and self-esteem among pregnant adolescents, adolescent mothers, and nonpregnant, nonparenting teens.  

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Feelings of romanticism and self-esteem among pregnant adolescents, adolescent mothers, and a control group of nonpregnant, nonparenting adolescents were investigated. The Bachman Self-Esteem Scale (Bachman, O'Malley, & Johnston, 1978) and the Dean Romanticism Scale (Dean, 1961) were distributed to 649 U.S. female adolescents--255 pregnant adolescents, 121 adolescent mothers, and 273 teenagers in the control group. For romanticism, the results indicated a significant main effect for group (pregnant teens, teen mothers, and a control group consisting of nonpregnant, nonparenting teenagers) and ethnicity (White, Hispanic, African American, and Asian) but not for age (13 to 15 years and 16 to 19 years). The pregnant teens and teen mothers thus had a higher degree of romanticism than the control group did. For self-esteem, there was a significant main effect for race, but not for group or for age. This main effect was qualified by a significant interaction between ethnicity and age. PMID:7807975

Medora, N P; Goldstein, A; von der Hellen, C

1994-10-01

5

Psychometric properties of the Rosenberg self-esteem scale in African American single mothers.  

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The Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE) Scale is a commonly used measure of global self-esteem, an important element of mental health. The purpose of this cross sectional secondary analysis was to examine the psychometric properties of the scale in a sample of 98 African American single mothers. The RSE Scale showed adequate internal consistency with an alpha coefficient of .83. Two factors that accounted for a total of 54.7% of the variance were extracted. Self-esteem showed a strong negative relationship with both depressive symptoms and negative thinking. This study provides support for the internal consistency of the RSE Scale and partial support for its construct validity in this population. The RSE appears to represent a bidimensional construct of self-esteem for African American women, with the cultural influences of racial esteem and the rejection of negative stereotypes forming a separate and distinct aspect of this concept. The RSE Scale should be used and interpreted with caution in this population given these findings. PMID:19212864

Hatcher, Jennifer; Hall, Lynne A

2009-02-01

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Longitudinal Tests of Competing Factor Structures for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Traits, Ephemeral Artifacts, and Stable Response Styles  

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Self-esteem, typically measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), is one of the most widely studied constructs in psychology. Nevertheless, there is broad agreement that a simple unidimensional factor model, consistent with the original design and typical application in applied research, does not provide an adequate explanation of RSE…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Scalas, L. Francesca; Nagengast, Benjamin

2010-01-01

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Factorial Structure of the French Version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among the Elderly  

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Ten different confirmatory factor analysis models, including ones with correlated traits correlated methods, correlated traits correlated uniqueness, and correlated traits uncorrelated methods, were proposed to examine the factorial structure of the French version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). In line with previous studies…

Gana, Kamel; Alaphilippe, Daniel; Bailly, Nathalie

2005-01-01

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Factorial Validity and Invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among Portuguese Youngsters  

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The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability, factorial validity and measurement invariance (across gender, age and physical activity participation) of a Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The sample consisted of 1,763 Portuguese youngsters (731 male and 1,032 female) with ages between 15 and 20 years.…

Vasconcelos-Raposo, Jose; Fernandes, Helder Miguel; Teixeira, Carla M.; Bertelli, Rosangela

2012-01-01

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Self-esteem in adolescent patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during open-label atomoxetine treatment: psychometric evaluation of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and clinical findings  

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To report on (1) psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) studied in adolescents with ADHD, (2) correlations of SES with ADHD scale scores, and (3) change in patient-reported self-esteem with atomoxetine treatment. ADHD patients (12–17 years), treated in an open-label study for 24 weeks. Secondary analyses on ADHD symptoms (assessed with ADHD-RS, CGI, GIPD scales) and self-esteem (SES) were performed. One hundred and fifty-nine patients were treated. A dichotomous ...

Dittmann, Ralf W.; Wehmeier, Peter M.; Schacht, Alexander; Lehmann, Martin; Lehmkuhl, Gerd

2009-01-01

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Organization-based self-esteem scale – adaptation in an international context  

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Full Text Available We report on a study in which the English-language original of a scale on the measurement of organization-based self-esteem was adapted infive further languages (German, Polish, Hungarian, Spanish, Malay and validated. The employees of an international company were surveyedin seven countries (USA, Canada, Germany, Poland, Spain, Hungary and Malaysia. For purposes of validation, the job satisfaction, the selfratedjob performance and the support of the employees in implementing the company values (commitment were used. The results show thatthe adaptation proceeded successfully. In all cases, a reliable scale emerges, which correlates positively with the validity criteria.

Kanning, U. P.

2012-05-01

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Romanticism and self-esteem among teen mothers.  

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This study examined teen mothers' romanticism and self-esteem. The Dean Romanticism Scale and the Bachman Self-esteem Scale were administered to 94 mothers between the ages of 13 and 18 in Southern California. The study also investigated the relationship between the dependent variables--romanticism and self-esteem--and ten independent variables--age, age of mother when first child was born, incidence of sexual abuse, incidence of abortion, current sexual activity, adoption considerations, current use of birth control, whether paternity was denied by the baby's father, whether the mother's parents were living together, and the quality of the relationship between the mother's parents. Results indicated that five variables were significantly related to romanticism--whether the teenager had a previous abortion, adoption considerations, current sexual activity, whether the parents were living together, and the quality of the relationship between the parents. Two variables were significantly related to self-esteem--age and current use of birth control. PMID:9426805

Medora, N P; von der Hellen, C

1997-01-01

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Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children.  

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Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult include Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Janis-Field Feeling of Inadequacy Scale, and these for children include Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope's 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for children, and Kid- KINDL®. Other methods include Ziller Social Self-Esteem Scale and Implicit Association Test. The development of children's self-esteem is heavily influenced by their environment, that is, their homes, neighborhoods, and schools. Children with damaged self-esteem are at risk of developing psychological and social problems, which hinders recovery from low self-esteem. Thus, to recover low self-esteem, it is important for children to accumulate a series of successful experiences to create a positive concept of self. Evaluating children's self-esteem can be an effective method for understanding their past and present circumstances, and useful to treat for children with psychosomatic disorders. PMID:22433387

Hosogi, Mizuho; Okada, Ayumi; Fujii, Chikako; Noguchi, Keizou; Watanabe, Kumi

2012-01-01

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Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children  

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Full Text Available Abstract Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult include Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Janis-Field Feeling of Inadequacy Scale, and these for children include Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope's 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for children, and Kid- KINDL®. Other methods include Ziller Social Self-Esteem Scale and Implicit Association Test. The development of children's self-esteem is heavily influenced by their environment, that is, their homes, neighborhoods, and schools. Children with damaged self-esteem are at risk of developing psychological and social problems, which hinders recovery from low self-esteem. Thus, to recover low self-esteem, it is important for children to accumulate a series of successful experiences to create a positive concept of self. Evaluating children's self-esteem can be an effective method for understanding their past and present circumstances, and useful to treat for children with psychosomatic disorders.

Hosogi Mizuho

2012-03-01

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Damaged Self-Esteem is Associated with Internalizing Problems  

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Full Text Available Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and loneliness were examined. Participants were 95 young female adults (M= 21.2 years, SD = 1.88 enrolled in higher education. We administered the IAT to assess implicit self-esteem, and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale to measure explicit self-esteem while psychological problems were assessed through self-reports. Results showed that discrepancies between implicit and explicit self-esteem were positively associated with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. In addition, the direction of the discrepancy was specifically relevant: damaged self-esteem (i.e., high implicit self-esteem and low explicit self-esteem was consistently associated with increased levels of depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. In contrast, defensive or fragile self-esteem (i.e., low implicit and high explicit self-esteem was solely associated with loneliness. These findings provide further support that specifically damaged self-esteem is an important vulnerability marker for depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness.

DaanCreemers

2013-04-01

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Dimensionality of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and its relationships with the Three-and the Five-factor personality models.  

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We investigated the dimensionality of the French version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) using confirmatory factor analysis. We tested models of 1 or 2 factors. Results suggest the RSES is a 1-dimensional scale with 3 highly correlated items. Comparison with the Revised NEO-Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R; Costa, McCrae, & Rolland, 1998) demonstrated that Neuroticism correlated strongly and Extraversion and Conscientiousness moderately with the RSES. Depression accounted for 47% of the variance of the RSES. Other NEO-PI-R facets were also moderately related with self-esteem. PMID:17437388

Aluja, Anton; Rolland, Jean-Pierre; García, Luis F; Rossier, Jérôme

2007-04-01

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Humor styles, self-esteem, and subjective happiness.  

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Summary.-This study examined how humor styles could mediate the effect of self-esteem on subjective happiness. 227 Hong Kong undergraduate students completed the Humor Styles Questionnaire, the Roxsenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Subjective Happiness Scale. Results showed adaptive humor styles (affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor) significantly predicted self-esteem and subjective happiness and mediated the relationship between self-esteem and subjective happiness. Maladaptive humor styles (aggressive humor and self-defeating humor) did not strongly predict self-esteem or subjective happiness. The mediation effects of humor styles found in the present research provided useful suggestions for future studies. PMID:25153846

Yue, Xiao Dong; Liu, Katy Wing-Yin; Jiang, Feng; Hiranandani, Neelam Arjan

2014-10-01

17

Justified Self-Esteem  

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This paper develops a thread of argument from previous contributions to this journal by Richard Smith and Ruth Cigman about the educational salience of self-esteem. It is argued--contra Smith and Cigman--that the social science conception of self-esteem does serve a useful educational function, most importantly in undermining the inflated…

Kristjansson, Kristjan

2007-01-01

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Self-Esteem.  

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The paper examines self-esteem, what contributes to it, why it is important, and ways to build it in children, especially those with disabilities. Definitions of four basic terms (self-esteem, body image, unconditional acceptance, and active-reflective listening) are offered. Guidelines for teachers and parents are then offered in the form of…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Missouri LINC.

19

Story on Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... they can do. Back Continue A Little on Low Self-Esteem Maybe you know kids with low self-esteem who don't think very highly of themselves ... opposite of positive self-esteem. Maybe you have low self-esteem sometimes and don't always feel very good ...

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A social work study on the effects of self-esteem games on elementary female self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Researchers and clinicians from many disciplines are interested in learning more about the effects of self-esteem. Self-esteem affects motivation, functional behavior, and life satisfaction, and it is associated with well-being throughout life, significantly. What individuals choose to do and the way they do it in part may depend on their self-esteem and it can also fulfill the aims of mental health. This paper presents an investigation to determine the effect of play on children’s self-esteem and surveys appropriate interventions in this area. This study was semi experimental and the sample was 3rd grade elementary students who were randomly assigned into control (n=15 and experimental (n=15 groups. The instrument was Rosenberg self-esteem scale [Rosenberg, M. (1965. Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSE. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Measures Package, 61.]. Independent variable was 12 group sessions of self-esteem games executed among experimental group. Data was analyzed with univariate analysis of covariance. Results showed that self-esteem games in ? ? 0.05 were affected on self-esteem of children. Self-esteem game can be effective intervention for children self-esteem that with them control of factors such as time and children interactions with parent and teachers in future investigations could lead to greater confidence in its effectiveness discussed.

Samaneh Moein

2013-10-01

 
 
 
 
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Continuity and Change in Self-Esteem During Emerging Adulthood  

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The present study examined the development of self-esteem in a sample of emerging adults (N = 295) followed longitudinally over 4 years of college. Six waves of self-esteem data were available. Participants also rated, at the end of their 4th year, the degree to which they thought their self-esteem had changed during college. Rank-order stability was high across all waves of data (Mdn disattenuated correlation = .87). On average, self-esteem levels dropped substantially during the 1st semester (d =?.68), rebounded by the end of the 1st year (d = .73), and then gradually increased over the next 3 years, producing a small (d = .16) but significant mean-level increase in self-esteem from the beginning to the end of college. Individuals who received good grades in college tended to show larger increases in self-esteem. In contrast, individuals who entered college with unrealistically high expectations about their academic achievement tended to show smaller increases in self-esteem, despite beginning college with relatively high self-esteem. With regard to perceived change, 67% reported that their self-esteem increased during college, whereas 12% reported that it declined; these perceptions tended to correspond with actual increases and decreases in their self-esteem scale scores (?= .56). Overall, the findings support the perspective that self-esteem, like other personality characteristics, can change in systematic ways while exhibiting continuity over time. PMID:24377355

Chung, Joanne M.; Robins, Richard W.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Noftle, Erik E.; Roberts, Brent W.; Widaman, Keith F.

2014-01-01

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Continuity and change in self-esteem during emerging adulthood.  

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The present study examined the development of self-esteem in a sample of emerging adults (N = 295) followed longitudinally over 4 years of college. Six waves of self-esteem data were available. Participants also rated, at the end of their 4th year, the degree to which they thought their self-esteem had changed during college. Rank-order stability was high across all waves of data (Mdn disattenuated correlation = .87). On average, self-esteem levels dropped substantially during the 1st semester (d = -.68), rebounded by the end of the 1st year (d = .73), and then gradually increased over the next 3 years, producing a small (d = .16) but significant mean-level increase in self-esteem from the beginning to the end of college. Individuals who received good grades in college tended to show larger increases in self-esteem. In contrast, individuals who entered college with unrealistically high expectations about their academic achievement tended to show smaller increases in self-esteem, despite beginning college with relatively high self-esteem. With regard to perceived change, 67% reported that their self-esteem increased during college, whereas 12% reported that it declined; these perceptions tended to correspond with actual increases and decreases in their self-esteem scale scores (? = .56). Overall, the findings support the perspective that self-esteem, like other personality characteristics, can change in systematic ways while exhibiting continuity over time. PMID:24377355

Chung, Joanne M; Robins, Richard W; Trzesniewski, Kali H; Noftle, Erik E; Roberts, Brent W; Widaman, Keith F

2014-03-01

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Deal with the Item 8 of Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale(1965 and Revalidate the Factor Structure: Based on measuring groups ofmiddle school students  

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Full Text Available Using Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (1965, we have measured 1889 students in schools. Through correlation analysis, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, we study two different ways in dealing with the item 8 of Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, namely the score is counted according to the positive item method and deleting the item 8, explore factor models of the scale and verify the goodness of fit of different models. Our results show: (a the item 8 should be reserved. It should adopt that the score is counted according to the positive item method. The score correlating with the total score is 0.33 (P < 0.01; (bif the factor analysis uses two factors?the two factor correlation model has better goodness of fit (?2/df=6.12, CFI=0.95, TLI=0.93, RMSEA=0.06, namely the two factor model can be used in the scale.

Bin LIANG

2014-09-01

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EXAMINING BADMINTON ATHLETES’ SELF-ESTEEM  

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The purpose of this study is to examine badminton athletes’ self-esteem according to some variables. The research was carried out in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship where 12 clubs and 87 athletes participated in 2009. 42 national and 14 non-national totaly 56 badminton athletes whose mean age 18.78±3.46 that participated in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship in 2009 constitute our research sample. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, that was developed by Rosenberg (1963) and adapted to Turki...

EYLEM GENCER; I?lhan, Ekrem Levent

2012-01-01

25

EXAMINING BADMINTON ATHLETES’ SELF-ESTEEM  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine badminton athletes’ self-esteem according to some variables. The research was carried out in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship where 12 clubs and 87 athletes participated in 2009. 42 national and 14 non-national totaly 56 badminton athletes whose mean age 18.78±3.46 that participated in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship in 2009 constitute our research sample. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, that was developed by Rosenberg (1963 and adapted to Turkish by Çuhadaroglu was used to gather tha data. The data were analyzed by using the techniques such as desriptive statistics, bivariate correlation and Mann Whitney U test. Results showed that national athletes’ self-esteem points are higher than non-national athletes, there is positive and significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and age, there is significant difference in athletes’ self-esteem points according to gender in favour of female badminton athletes, there is no significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and competitor year, education, number of training day and interest to sport.

EYLEM GENCER

2012-04-01

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La escala de autoestima de Rosenberg: Validación para Chile en una muestra de jóvenes adultos, adultos y adultos mayores Rosenberg self-esteem scale: Validation in a representative sample of Chilean adults  

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Full Text Available Background: Self-esteem is positively associated to the well being of people and could be a good mental health indicator. Aim: To determine the reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale in a Chilean adult sample. Material and methods: The instrument was applied to 473 subjects living in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, evenly distributed according to gender, age, educational level and income. The Neugarten Life Satisfaction index (LSI-A was also applied to the sample. Results: Cronbach's alpha for reliability of the scale was 0.754. There was no gender bias and factor analysis grouped items into two factors (5positive and 5 negative. The instrument had a correlation of 0.455 with the LSI-A. Conclusions: The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale meets the criteria for validity and reliability of a quality instrument to measure self-esteem in Chile.

Cristian A Rojas-Barahona

2009-06-01

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EVALUATION OF VOCATIONAL SELF ESTEEM LEVELS OF THE TURKISH COACHES  

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The aim of the present research was to evaluate vocational self esteem levels of the coaches of individual sports or team sports. We tried to investigate whether there was a significant difference between vocational self esteem levels and such variables as age, gender, employment status, professional-working-time, educational status and sport type.“Vocational Self Esteem Scale” developed by Ar?cak (1999) and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher were used in order t...

Yildirim, Yunus; Kirimog?lu, Hu?seyin; Fi?zlazog?lu C?okluk, Gu?ls?en

2012-01-01

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Self-esteem in Children with Psychosomatic Symptoms: Examination of Low Self-esteem and Prognosis  

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Full Text Available Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. We evaluated self-esteem in 56 patients at the Department of Pediatrics of Okayama University Hospital who were undergoing outpatient therapy for psychosomatic symptoms, using Pope's 5-scale test of self-esteem for children. We examined patient attributes, course of therapy, and social adjustment. Patients with low self-esteem on multiple scales at the first visit were all female, and these patients had a significantly higher frequency of family function problems, such as a family member with a psychiatric disorder, economic hardship, or experience of child abuse. Moreover, the prognosis for these patients was poor regardless of their social adjustment at the first visit.

Hosogi,Mizuho

2007-10-01

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Lesbian and Gay Male Group Identity Attitudes and Self-Esteem: Implications for Counseling.  

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Ninety-six lesbians and gay men completed Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and modified version of Racial Identity Attitude Scale. Results indicated moderate inverse relationship between preencounter attitudes and self-esteem and positive relationship between internalization attitudes and self-esteem. Encounter and immersion-emersion attitudes were…

Walters, Karina L.; Simoni, Jane M.

1993-01-01

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Adaptação para uma população de estudantes universitários portugueses da escala de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy / Portuguese adaptation for university students of Heatherton and Polivy’s state self-esteem scale  

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Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A auto-estima é um importante conceito usado em diversas áreas da psicologia. Os estudos em português têm usado traduções de escalas de auto-estima geral (ex., a escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg, 1979), mas têm negligenciado importantes aspectos deste constructo como a auto-estima de estado. A aut [...] o-estima de estado é fundamental para estudos que apresentem manipulações dado que mede alterações momentâneas da auto-estima. Para colmatar esta lacuna, no presente trabalho procedeu-se a uma adaptação para português da escala multidimensional de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy (1991). Os resultados mostraram uma medida fidedigna e com a estrutura factorial consistente com a da escala original, distinguindo os componentes de auto-estima de performance, social, e aparência física. A discussão centra-se sobre as vantagens do uso de uma escala de auto-estima de estado. Abstract in english Self-esteem is a crucial concept for a wide range of areas in psychology. Several studies conducted in portuguese have adapted scales of general self-esteem (e.g., Rosenberg, 1979’s self-esteem scale) but have neglected other crucial aspects of this construct such as state self-esteem. To address th [...] is limitation, the present article provides a portuguese adaptation of Heatherton and Polivy’s (1991) state self-esteem scale. Results suggested a reliable measure with a factorial structure identical to the original scale, which included the components of performance, social, and appearance self-esteem. The discussion focuses on the advantages of using a state self-esteem measure.

Miguel, Ramos.

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Adaptação para uma população de estudantes universitários portugueses da escala de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy / Portuguese adaptation for university students of Heatherton and Polivy’s state self-esteem scale  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A auto-estima é um importante conceito usado em diversas áreas da psicologia. Os estudos em português têm usado traduções de escalas de auto-estima geral (ex., a escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg, 1979), mas têm negligenciado importantes aspectos deste constructo como a auto-estima de estado. A aut [...] o-estima de estado é fundamental para estudos que apresentem manipulações dado que mede alterações momentâneas da auto-estima. Para colmatar esta lacuna, no presente trabalho procedeu-se a uma adaptação para português da escala multidimensional de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy (1991). Os resultados mostraram uma medida fidedigna e com a estrutura factorial consistente com a da escala original, distinguindo os componentes de auto-estima de performance, social, e aparência física. A discussão centra-se sobre as vantagens do uso de uma escala de auto-estima de estado. Abstract in english Self-esteem is a crucial concept for a wide range of areas in psychology. Several studies conducted in portuguese have adapted scales of general self-esteem (e.g., Rosenberg, 1979’s self-esteem scale) but have neglected other crucial aspects of this construct such as state self-esteem. To address th [...] is limitation, the present article provides a portuguese adaptation of Heatherton and Polivy’s (1991) state self-esteem scale. Results suggested a reliable measure with a factorial structure identical to the original scale, which included the components of performance, social, and appearance self-esteem. The discussion focuses on the advantages of using a state self-esteem measure.

Miguel, Ramos.

2014-06-01

32

The Self-Esteem Test for Adolescents  

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Full Text Available The present study intended to explore construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents and update psychometric properties found in previous studies. 1581 Mexican students (850 women and 731 men of a public high school in Mexico City responded to the scale. The sample was split randomly in half. EFA was applied using one sample´s data, and CFA to the other sample´s data. The model, assumed to underlie responses to the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents, satisfactorily fit the data, confirming a structure of 4 factors: self-cognitions, competence cognitions, family relations and rage. Results of the present study corroborate previous data concerning content, criterion-related and construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents.

Joaquín Caso Niebla

2011-05-01

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Dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dental aesthetics and self-esteem inadolescents.Methods: The sample was 387 randomly selected high school adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. A clinicalexamination to evaluate dental aesthetics was conducted using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI. Self-esteem was assessedwith the Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included a descriptive analysis and means comparison, whichwas made through t-Student and ANOVA tests. DAI was correlated to Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale with Spearman’s rankcorrelation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed by using the SPSS program version 17.Results: The mean DAI score was 34.2 (SD=14.2 and self-esteem was 22.6 (SD=4.6. The low socioeconomic status(SES group had the highest levels of DAI and the lowest levels of self-esteem. A weak, but statistically significant, negativecorrelation was found between DAI scores and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (r=-0.1, p0.05. Regarding gender, in female individualsa negative weak correlation (r=-0.14, p0.05.Conclusions: The outcomes generated by this investigation can improve our understanding of how the correlationbetween dental aesthetics and self-esteem may fluctuate because of the SES variability.

Ginna Mabel Muñoz

2011-11-01

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Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Depression and Bullying among Teenagers in Malaysia  

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The study examined the moderating role of self-esteem in the relationship between depression and bullying among teenagers. The participants of the study were 242 teenagers aged 13 to 16 years, from selected secondary schools in Selangor, Malaysia. Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, while teenage depression was measured with the Children Depression Inventory and bul...

Ikechukwu - Uba; Siti Nor Yaacob; Rumaya Juhari; Mansor Abu Talib

2010-01-01

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The School Short-Form Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory: Revised and Improved  

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The school short form of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory is a widely used measure of children's global self-esteem. Unlike the full-length scale, however, it has been generally understood that the short form does not allow differentiation between the major individual sources of self-esteem. The present study has examined the internal…

Hills, Peter R.; Francis, Leslie J.; Jennings, Penelope

2011-01-01

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Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

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Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.

Ernest Afari

2012-03-01

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Self-esteem among college students from four Arab countries.  

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This study had three objectives: (a) to compare undergraduates from four Arab countries on self-esteem, (b) to explore the sex-related differences in self-esteem in these four Arab countries, and (c) to examine the association of self-esteem with both per-capita income and unemployment rate. Four samples of 2,643 students were recruited from Egypt (n = 576), Kuwait (n = 674), Lebanon (n = 826), and Oman (n = 567). They responded to the Arabic version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Kuwaiti and Omani men had a significantly higher mean score on self-esteem than did Egyptian and Lebanese men. Egyptian women scored significantly lower than the Omani women, but the effect size was small. Regarding the sex-related differences in self-esteem, Kuwaiti men had a significantly higher mean score than did their female peers, but the effect size was small, whereas there were no significant sex differences in the other samples. The sex-related difference in self-esteem is a controversial result and it may not be replicable in different countries. It was suggested that self-esteem is associated with high per-capita income and low unemployment rate. PMID:22489395

Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M; Korayem, Adel Shokry; El-Nayal, Mayssah A

2012-02-01

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Adaptive disengagement buffers self-esteem from negative social feedback.  

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The degree to which self-esteem hinges on feedback in a domain is known as a contingency of self-worth, or engagement. Although previous research has conceptualized engagement as stable, it would be advantageous for individuals to dynamically regulate engagement. The current research examined whether the tendency to disengage from negative feedback accounts for variability in self-esteem. We created the Adaptive Disengagement Scale (ADS) to capture individual differences in the tendency to disengage self-esteem from negative outcomes. Results demonstrated that the ADS is reliable and valid (Studies 1 and 2). Furthermore, in response to negative social feedback, higher scores on the ADS predicted greater state self-esteem (Study 3), and this relationship was mediated by disengagement (Study 4). These findings demonstrate that adaptive disengagement protects self-esteem from negative outcomes and that the ADS is a valid measure of individual differences in the implementation of this process. PMID:25189323

Leitner, Jordan B; Hehman, Eric; Deegan, Matthew P; Jones, James M

2014-11-01

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Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents / Adaptação transcultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes  

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Full Text Available The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998 of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo. The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning, measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem. Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q. Avanci

2007-01-01

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Discrepancies between implicit and explicit self-esteem: implications for narcissism and self-esteem instability.  

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There appear to be two forms of high self-esteem: secure high self-esteem (which is often linked with psychological health) and fragile high self-esteem (which is generally associated with poor psychological adjustment and impaired interpersonal relationships). Discrepant high self-esteem is a form of fragile self-esteem characterized by high explicit self-esteem and low implicit self-esteem. The present study examined whether discrepant high self-esteem was associated with narcissism and self-esteem instability in an undergraduate sample. Using multiple measures of implicit self-esteem, two basic findings emerged from the present study. First, participants with discrepant high self-esteem possessed the highest levels of narcissism. Second, participants with high explicit self-esteem and high implicit self-esteem displayed the most stable self-esteem. Findings are discussed in terms of secure and fragile high self-esteem. PMID:16451228

Zeigler-Hill, Virgil

2006-02-01

 
 
 
 
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Loneliness, stress, self esteem and depression among Malaysian adolescents  

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Full Text Available The current study examined the degree of relationships between loneliness, stress and selfesteem with depression among adolescents. The respondents were 1407 secondary school adolescents aged between 13 to 17 years old from selected states in Malaysia. Data were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire. Adolescent depression was measured by Children Depression Inventory (CDI while stress was measured by Perceive Stress Scale. Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale measured loneliness and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale measured self-esteem. The findings of the study showed that loneliness, stress and self-esteem have moderate significant relationships with depression and stress emerged as the strongestpredictor of adolescent depression.

Ikechukwu Uba

2009-12-01

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Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem  

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Background: This article examines the relationship between middle school students' experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending…

Patchin, Justin W.; Hinduja, Sameer

2010-01-01

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Job satisfaction and self-esteem of South African nurses.  

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The overall aim of this study was to investigate job satisfaction and self-esteem among South African nurses. The objectives of the study were to: (1) ascertain South African nurses' satisfaction with their work, pay, promotion, supervision and co-workers; (2) compare job satisfaction of South African nurses with that of North American nurses; (3) determine levels of self-esteem; and (4) test the direct and indirect effects of self-esteem on job satisfaction. A postal survey was conducted on a random sample of 2,000 nurses registered with the South African Nursing Council; 396 persons returned the questionnaires (Group 1). A subsample of 93 nonrespondents was traced and agreed to complete the questionnaire (Group 2). Minimal differences justified combining the groups and conducting subsequent analyses on total sample scores. Nurses were most satisfied with supervision and co-workers and least satisfied with promotion and pay. Reliability coefficients for the five job satisfaction subscales and overall scale ranged between 0.79 (work) and 0.93 (overall scale). South African nurses were significantly less satisfied with all aspects of their jobs than their American counterparts. Coefficient alpha for the self-esteem scale was 0.72, 0.87 for the work-related needs scale and 0.80 for the social approval scale. High self-esteem nurses were more likely to attend to work-related needs in judging their job satisfaction than low self-esteem nurses. The best model for predicting job satisfaction was the linear incorporation of self-esteem and work-related needs. It was concluded that: (1) the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) was a useful measure of job satisfaction; (2) the quality of life in the South African nursing profession was lower than their American counterparts; (3) nurses had high levels of self-esteem; and (4) self-esteem directly and indirectly affected job satisfaction. PMID:9257601

Westaway, M S; Wessie, G M; Viljoen, E; Booysen, U; Wolmarans, L

1996-09-01

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Violence during pregnancy and self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Objective: This study was planned for the purpose of determining the effect of exposure to violence during pregnancy on self-esteem. Material and Methods: A comparative and descriptive study which is conducted on 164 pregnant women with 26 women exposed to violence during pregnancy and 138 women without exposure. Data were collected with the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Chi square, Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used in the analysis of the data. Results: Women’s mean age in the study was 26.35±5.10. Of the women 16% reported that they had been exposed to any type of violence during pregnancy, of these women 69% had been exposed violence by their husband. It was determined that there was no statistically significant difference regarding age, occupation and educational level among two groups of women. It was determined that women who had been exposed violence during pregnancy had more incidence of abortions. The mean of self-esteem scale was 36.91±2.65 for women who had been exposed to violence, 38.71±3.59 for women who had not been exposed to violence (p=0.003. It was determined that there was a significant relationship between “exposing to violence” and “number of abortions”. Conclusion: The women in this study who had been exposed to violence during pregnancy had lower self-esteem than those who had not.

Güliz Onat Bayram

2009-01-01

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Family factors of self-esteem stability in adolescents  

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Full Text Available The aim of investigations was to examine what upbringing styles and socio-economic parameters correlate with adolescents’ unstable self-esteem. Self-esteem is an evaluative measure of self-concept whose stability in time reflects personality’s autonomy and integrity. Using the sample of 280 secondary school students, the SSES scale was administered twice, at a 30-day interval, the EMBU scale of upbringing styles, a questionnaire with general data on respondents and socioeconomic parameters. It proved that upbringing style and parental tenderness (of both father and mother correlate with unstable self-esteem in adolescents. Significant correlation between upbringing styles and unstable self-esteem was also found in inconsistency, low control and protection on the part of father. Stable self-esteem is significantly negatively correlated with inconsistency of mother. Of diverse socioeconomic parameters, educational level of father and his profession are of critical importance for stable self-esteem. Upbringing styles produce greater influence on self-esteem level than socio-economic parameters do.

Todorovi? Jelisaveta A.

2005-01-01

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Effect of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between Depression and Bullying among Teenagers in Malaysia  

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Full Text Available The study examined the moderating role of self-esteem in the relationship between depression and bullying among teenagers. The participants of the study were 242 teenagers aged 13 to 16 years, from selected secondary schools in Selangor, Malaysia. Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, while teenage depression was measured with the Children Depression Inventory and bullying was measured using the Bully sub scale of the Peer Relationship Questionnaire. Findings of the study indicate no gender differences between males and females in self-esteem. The study further found a negative and medium correlation between depression and self- esteem, self-esteem and bullying and a positive and small correlation between depression and bullying. However, results of the study did not find self-esteem as a moderator. Recommendations of the study highlight the need to explore other variables such as religious and sports involvements as possible moderators in future studies.

Ikechukwu Uba

2010-11-01

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Low self-esteem prospectively predicts depression in adolescence and young adulthood.  

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Low self-esteem and depression are strongly correlated in cross-sectional studies, yet little is known about their prospective effects on each other. The vulnerability model hypothesizes that low self-esteem serves as a risk factor for depression, whereas the scar model hypothesizes that low self-esteem is an outcome, not a cause, of depression. To test these models, the authors used 2 large longitudinal data sets, each with 4 repeated assessments between the ages of 15 and 21 years and 18 and 21 years, respectively. Cross-lagged regression analyses indicated that low self-esteem predicted subsequent levels of depression, but depression did not predict subsequent levels of self-esteem. These findings held for both men and women and after controlling for content overlap between the self-esteem and depression scales. Thus, the results supported the vulnerability model, but not the scar model, of self-esteem and depression. PMID:18729703

Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W; Roberts, Brent W

2008-09-01

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La escala de autoestima de Rosenberg: Validación para Chile en una muestra de jóvenes adultos, adultos y adultos mayores / Rosenberg self-esteem scale: Validation in a representative sample of Chilean adults  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Self-esteem is positively associated to the well being of people and could be a good mental health indicator. Aim: To determine the reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale in a Chilean adult sample. Material and methods: The instrument was applied to 473 subjects livi [...] ng in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, evenly distributed according to gender, age, educational level and income. The Neugarten Life Satisfaction index (LSI-A) was also applied to the sample. Results: Cronbach's alpha for reliability of the scale was 0.754. There was no gender bias and factor analysis grouped items into two factors (5positive and 5 negative). The instrument had a correlation of 0.455 with the LSI-A. Conclusions: The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale meets the criteria for validity and reliability of a quality instrument to measure self-esteem in Chile.

Cristian A, Rojas-Barahona; Beatriz, Zegers P; Carla E, Förster M.

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Implicit Self-Esteem Decreases in Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study  

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Implicit self-esteem has remained an active research topic in both the areas of implicit social cognition and self-esteem in recent decades. The purpose of this study is to explore the development of implicit self-esteem in adolescents. A total of 599 adolescents from junior and senior high schools in East China participated in the study. They ranged in age from 11 to 18 years with a mean age of 14.10 (SD?=?2.16). The degree of implicit self-esteem was assessed using the Implicit Association Test (IAT) with the improved D score as the index. Participants also completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (??=?0.77). For all surveyed ages, implicit self-esteem was positively biased, all ts>8.59, all ps<0.001. The simple correlation between implicit self-esteem and age was significant, r?=??.25, p?=?1.0×10?10. A regression with implicit self-esteem as the criterion variable, and age, gender, and age × gender interaction as predictors further revealed the significant negative linear relationship between age and implicit self-esteem, ??=??0.19, t?=??3.20, p?=?0.001. However, explicit self-esteem manifested a reverse “U” shape throughout adolescence. Implicit self-esteem in adolescence manifests a declining trend with increasing age, suggesting that it is sensitive to developmental or age-related changes. This finding enriches our understanding of the development of implicit social cognition. PMID:24587169

Cai, Huajian; Wu, Mingzheng; Luo, Yu L. L.; Yang, Jing

2014-01-01

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Self-esteem is associated with premorbid adjustment and positive psychotic symptoms in early psychosis  

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Background Low levels of self-esteem have been implicated as both a cause and a consequence of severe mental disorders. The main aims of the study were to examine whether premorbid adjustment has an impact on the subject's self-esteem, and whether lowered self-esteem contributes to the development of delusions and hallucinations. Method A total of 113 patients from the Thematically Organized Psychosis research study (TOP) were included at first treatment. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) was used to assess present symptoms. Premorbid adjustment was measured with the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS) and self-esteem by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). Results Premorbid social adjustment was significantly related to lower self-esteem and explained a significant proportion of the variance in self-esteem. Self-esteem was significantly associated with the levels of persecutory delusions and hallucinations experienced by the patient and explained a significant proportion of the variance even after adjusting for premorbid functioning and depression. Conclusion There are reasons to suspect that premorbid functioning is an important aspect in the development of self- esteem, and, furthermore, that self-esteem is associated with the development of delusions and hallucinations. PMID:21854599

2011-01-01

51

Self-esteem is associated with premorbid adjustment and positive psychotic symptoms in early psychosis  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Low levels of self-esteem have been implicated as both a cause and a consequence of severe mental disorders. The main aims of the study were to examine whether premorbid adjustment has an impact on the subject's self-esteem, and whether lowered self-esteem contributes to the development of delusions and hallucinations. Method A total of 113 patients from the Thematically Organized Psychosis research study (TOP were included at first treatment. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS was used to assess present symptoms. Premorbid adjustment was measured with the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS and self-esteem by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES. Results Premorbid social adjustment was significantly related to lower self-esteem and explained a significant proportion of the variance in self-esteem. Self-esteem was significantly associated with the levels of persecutory delusions and hallucinations experienced by the patient and explained a significant proportion of the variance even after adjusting for premorbid functioning and depression. Conclusion There are reasons to suspect that premorbid functioning is an important aspect in the development of self- esteem, and, furthermore, that self-esteem is associated with the development of delusions and hallucinations.

Haug Elisabeth

2011-08-01

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Avaliação da autoestima de gestantes com uso da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg Evaluación de la autoestima de gestantes con uso de la escala de autoestima de Rosemberg Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's self-esteem scale  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo descritivo e transversal foi avaliar a autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas em programa de pré-natal de um hospital público de ensino. Os dados foram colhidos usando-se a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; a autoestima insatisfatória foi relacionada a variáveis sócio-demográficas, de saúde da gestante e da presença ou não de sistemas de apoio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e análise univariada, buscando possíveis associações. As gestantes com autoestima insatisfatória totalizaram 60% da amostra. Em relação aos dados sócio-demográficos, as mulheres com menor escolaridade apresentaram maior frequência de escores de autoestima insatisfatória, divergindo de resultados de outros estudos. As gestantes que referiram gestação não planejada apresentaram maior prevalência de autoestima insatisfatória do que aquelas que referiram tê-la planejado. A ausência de apoio do parceiro para cuidar do filho após seu nascimento também esteve associada a menor autoestima nas grávidas. Não foram encontradas relações estatisticamente significativas para as demais variáveis estudadas.El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo y transversal fue evaluar la autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas en el programa prenatal de un hospital público de enseñanza. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; la autoestima insatisfactoria se relacionó con variables socio-demográficas, de salud de la gestante y de la existencia o no de sistemas de apoyo. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico descriptivo y a análisis univariado, buscando posibles asociaciones. Las gestantes con autoestima insatisfactoria totalizaron el 60 % de la muestra. En relación a los datos socio-demográficos, las mujeres con menor escolarización presentaron mayor frecuencia de puntajes de autoestima insatisfactoria, divergiendo de resultados de otros estudios. Las gestantes que refirieron embarazo no planificado presentaron mayor prevalencia de autoestima insatisfactoria respecto de aquellas que refirieron haber planeado su gravidez. La ausencia de apoyo del compañero para cuidar del hijo con posterioridad al nacimiento también estuvo asociada a menor autoestima en las embarazadas. No se encontraron relaciones estadísticamente significativas para las demás variables estudiadas.The objective of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-esteem of 127 pregnant women seen in a prenatal care program conducted in a public school hospital. Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio-demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems. Descriptive and univariate statistical analysis were used to assess possible associations. Pregnant women who had low scores for self-esteem were 60% of all subjects. As for the socio-demographic data, women with fewer years of education presented higher frequency of lower self-esteem scores, which disagrees with other studies. Pregnant women who report having an unplanned pregnancy presented higher prevalence of low self-esteem than those who reported having planned their pregnancy. The lack of support from the partner to look after the baby was also associated to the pregnant women's low self-esteem. Other associations between variables were not statistically significant.

Ligia Maçola

2010-09-01

53

Avaliação da autoestima de gestantes com uso da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg / Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's self-esteem scale / Evaluación de la autoestima de gestantes con uso de la escala de autoestima de Rosemberg  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo descritivo e transversal foi avaliar a autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas em programa de pré-natal de um hospital público de ensino. Os dados foram colhidos usando-se a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; a autoestima insatisfatória foi relacionada a variáveis sócio-demográ [...] ficas, de saúde da gestante e da presença ou não de sistemas de apoio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e análise univariada, buscando possíveis associações. As gestantes com autoestima insatisfatória totalizaram 60% da amostra. Em relação aos dados sócio-demográficos, as mulheres com menor escolaridade apresentaram maior frequência de escores de autoestima insatisfatória, divergindo de resultados de outros estudos. As gestantes que referiram gestação não planejada apresentaram maior prevalência de autoestima insatisfatória do que aquelas que referiram tê-la planejado. A ausência de apoio do parceiro para cuidar do filho após seu nascimento também esteve associada a menor autoestima nas grávidas. Não foram encontradas relações estatisticamente significativas para as demais variáveis estudadas. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo y transversal fue evaluar la autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas en el programa prenatal de un hospital público de enseñanza. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; la autoestima insatisfactoria se relacionó con variab [...] les socio-demográficas, de salud de la gestante y de la existencia o no de sistemas de apoyo. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico descriptivo y a análisis univariado, buscando posibles asociaciones. Las gestantes con autoestima insatisfactoria totalizaron el 60 % de la muestra. En relación a los datos socio-demográficos, las mujeres con menor escolarización presentaron mayor frecuencia de puntajes de autoestima insatisfactoria, divergiendo de resultados de otros estudios. Las gestantes que refirieron embarazo no planificado presentaron mayor prevalencia de autoestima insatisfactoria respecto de aquellas que refirieron haber planeado su gravidez. La ausencia de apoyo del compañero para cuidar del hijo con posterioridad al nacimiento también estuvo asociada a menor autoestima en las embarazadas. No se encontraron relaciones estadísticamente significativas para las demás variables estudiadas. Abstract in english The objective of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-esteem of 127 pregnant women seen in a prenatal care program conducted in a public school hospital. Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio [...] -demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems. Descriptive and univariate statistical analysis were used to assess possible associations. Pregnant women who had low scores for self-esteem were 60% of all subjects. As for the socio-demographic data, women with fewer years of education presented higher frequency of lower self-esteem scores, which disagrees with other studies. Pregnant women who report having an unplanned pregnancy presented higher prevalence of low self-esteem than those who reported having planned their pregnancy. The lack of support from the partner to look after the baby was also associated to the pregnant women's low self-esteem. Other associations between variables were not statistically significant.

Ligia, Maçola; Ianê Nogueira do, Vale; Elenice Valentim, Carmona.

54

Persecutory delusions and the self: An investigation of implicit and explicit self-esteem.  

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Persecutory delusions are proposed to be a defence against low self-esteem reaching conscious awareness (Bentall, Corcoran, Howard, Blackwood, & Kinderman, 2001). Key predictions of this proposal are that individuals with persecutory delusions will have lower implicit self-esteem and equivalent levels of explicit self-esteem compared to healthy controls. This study aims to test the predictions regarding implicit and explicit self-esteem in people with persecutory delusions. Of 22 people screened for persecutory delusions, 16 were recruited to the study. 20 healthy control participants were recruited. The Implicit Association Test was used to measure implicit self-esteem and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used to assess explicit self-esteem. Positive and negative self and other schemas were also assessed using the Brief Core Schema Scales. People with persecutory delusions had positive implicit self-esteem, comparable to that of the control group. Explicit self-esteem was lower for the persecutory delusion group, but was associated with increased depression and anxiety. Negative self and other schemas were higher in the clinical group. The results do not support the contention that persecutory delusions defend against negative self-representations and low self-esteem reaching conscious awareness. Non-defensive cognitive models are discussed as an alternative way of understanding persecutory delusions. PMID:20663490

Mackinnon, Katharine; Newman-Taylor, Katherine; Stopa, Lusia

2011-03-01

55

Adaptação tanscultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes / Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo propõe a padronização da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg (1956/1989) para adolescentes residentes de um bairro urbano do Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo), através do estudo de adaptação transcultural (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998). A amostra foi composta por 266 adolescentes escolares d [...] as 7ª/8ª séries do Ensino Fundamental e 1º/2º anos do Ensino Médio da rede pública e particular do referido município. As seguintes equivalências foram avaliadas: conceitual e de itens, semântica (significado referencial e geral), de mensuração (confiabilidade teste-reteste, consistência interna, análise fatorial e validade de construto), operacional e funcional. Foram encontrados bons resultados para equivalência semântica, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0.68, Kappa predominantemente moderado e regular, e a análise fatorial proposta é de duas estruturas fatoriais (baixa e alta auto-estima). Na validade de construto, a escala correlacionou-se significativa e positivamente com apoio social, e inversamente com vitimização de violência psicológica, violência ocorrida entre pais e entre os irmãos. Os resultados indicam a aplicabilidade da escala na população de referência, sugerindo a necessidade do desenvolvimento de outros trabalhos em amostras distintas. Abstract in english The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998) of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo). The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and [...] of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning), measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity) and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem). Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q., Avanci; Simone G., Assis; Nilton César dos, Santos; Rachel V. C., Oliveira.

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Adaptação tanscultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents  

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Full Text Available O artigo propõe a padronização da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg (1956/1989 para adolescentes residentes de um bairro urbano do Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo, através do estudo de adaptação transcultural (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998. A amostra foi composta por 266 adolescentes escolares das 7ª/8ª séries do Ensino Fundamental e 1º/2º anos do Ensino Médio da rede pública e particular do referido município. As seguintes equivalências foram avaliadas: conceitual e de itens, semântica (significado referencial e geral, de mensuração (confiabilidade teste-reteste, consistência interna, análise fatorial e validade de construto, operacional e funcional. Foram encontrados bons resultados para equivalência semântica, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0.68, Kappa predominantemente moderado e regular, e a análise fatorial proposta é de duas estruturas fatoriais (baixa e alta auto-estima. Na validade de construto, a escala correlacionou-se significativa e positivamente com apoio social, e inversamente com vitimização de violência psicológica, violência ocorrida entre pais e entre os irmãos. Os resultados indicam a aplicabilidade da escala na população de referência, sugerindo a necessidade do desenvolvimento de outros trabalhos em amostras distintas.The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998 of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo. The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning, measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem. Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q. Avanci

2007-01-01

57

COMPARISON OF SELF-ESTEEM SCORES OF INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM SPORT ATHLETES AND NON-ATHLETES  

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The purpose of the study was to determine whether there is any difference between self esteem scores of individuals who engaged in individual & team sports and non-athletes. Furthermore, self-esteem scores associated with age group, gender and years of playing experience variables were examined to determine the differences. Focus group consists of 304 athletes & nonathletes of 13–20 years old individuals living in Ankara, Istanbul and Sakarya. Rosenberg's self-esteem scale was used to measu...

C?ag?layan, Nur; Uc?an, Y?lmaz

2012-01-01

58

'Unconditional Regard' Buoys Kids' Self-Esteem  

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... page, please enable JavaScript. 'Unconditional Regard' Buoys Kids' Self-Esteem Study finds children who know friends will always ... regard," it seemed to buffer them against low self-esteem when they got a bad report card. "The ...

59

Implicit self-esteem in bulimia nervosa.  

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Implicit and explicit self-esteem were compared in a group of female participants with bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder (n=20) and a healthy control group (n=20). Lower explicit and a less positive implicit self-esteem bias in the clinical group was predicted. Participants completed a self-esteem implicit association test and two explicit self-esteem measures. The eating disordered group had lower explicit self-esteem, but a more positive implicit self-esteem bias than controls. The results are discussed in relation to the idea that discrepancies between implicit and explicit self-esteem reflect fragile self-esteem and are related to high levels of perfectionism, which is associated with eating disorders. PMID:19135187

Cockerham, Elaine; Stopa, Lusia; Bell, Lorraine; Gregg, Aiden

2009-06-01

60

Developing Your Child's Self-Esteem  

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... realistic and generally optimistic. In contrast, kids with low self-esteem can find challenges to be sources of major ... but does not feel loved may eventually experience low self-esteem. Likewise, a child who feels loved but is ...

 
 
 
 
61

Effects of Swimming on Self-Esteem among Female College Students  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine changes in the self-esteem levels of female college students in relation to their swimming skills. The results of the study were obtained from of 141 female college students enrolled at the University of Kebangsaan Malaysia. Breaststroke was used in order to evaluate their swimming skills, whereas the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES questionnaire was used to evaluate their self-esteem levels for experimental and control groups. The analysis and observations confirmed the correlation between the level of self-esteem experienced in the water and swimming skills. The results showed that learning how to swim increases the self-esteem among female college students. We suggest that taking up this activity might have benefits for students with low levels of self-esteem.

Tajul Arifin Muhamad

2013-11-01

62

The Relationship between Conflict Communication, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction in University Students  

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The current study used a survey model to analyze 306 university students to investigate relationship between life satisfaction, self-esteem and conflict communication. Data were collected from the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and Conflict Communication Scale. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were…

Arslan, Coskun; Hamarta, Erdal; Uslu, Mustafa

2010-01-01

63

Pilot-scale demonstration of surfactant-enhanced PCE solubilization at the Bachman Road site. 2. System operation and evaluation.  

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A pilot-scale demonstration of surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation (SEAR) was conducted during the summer of 2000 at the Bachman Road site in Oscoda, MI. Part two of this two-part paper describes results from partitioning and nonpartitioning tracer tests, SEAR operations, and post-treatment monitoring. For this field test, 68 400 L of an aqueous solution of 6% (wt) Tween 80 were injected to recover tetrachloroethene-nonaqueous phase liquid (PCE-DNAPL) from a shallow, unconfined aquifer. Results of a nonreactive tracer test, conducted prior to introducing the surfactant solution, demonstrate target zone sweep and hydraulic control, confirming design-phase model predictions. Partitioning tracer test results suggest PCE-DNAPL saturations of up to 0.74% within the pilot-scale treatment zone, consistent with soil core data collected during site characterization. Analyses of effluent samples taken from the extraction well during SEAR operations indicate that a total of 19 L of PCE and 95% of the injected surfactant were recovered. Post-treatment monitoring indicated that PCE concentrations at many locations within the treated zone were reduced by as much as 2 orders of magnitude from pre-SEAR levels and had not rebounded 450 days after SEAR operations ceased. Pilot-scale costs ($365 900) compare favorably with design-phase cost estimates, with approximately 10% of total costs attributable to the intense sampling density and frequency. Results of this pilot-scale test indicate that careful design and implementation of SEAR can result in effective DNAPL mass removal and a substantial reduction in aqueous concentrations within the treated source zone under favorable geologic conditions PMID:15819239

Ramsburg, C Andrew; Pennell, Kurt D; Abriola, Linda M; Daniels, Gary; Drummond, Chad D; Gamache, Matt; Hsu, Hsin-Lan; Petrovskis, Erik A; Rathfelder, Klaus M; Ryder, Jodi L; Yavaraski, Thomas P

2005-03-15

64

The Educational Importance of Self-Esteem  

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Some philosophers of education have recently argued that educators can more or less ignore children's global self-esteem without failing them educationally in any important way. This paper draws on an attachment theoretic account of self-esteem to argue that this view is mistaken. I argue that understanding self-esteem's origins in attachment…

Ferkany, Matt

2008-01-01

65

Self-Esteem among Adult Literacy Learners  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate adult literacy education learners' self-esteem and to examine the relationship between self-esteem and measures of achievement in reading and math. The rationale for the present study stemmed from the lack of research into adult literacy students' self-esteem levels. More than 200 learners enrolled in…

Lipnevich, Anastasiya; Beder, Hal

2007-01-01

66

A Review of the Current Literature Regarding Global Self-Esteem and Specific Self-Esteem in Adolescent Development.  

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The general development of the concept of self-esteem is reviewed, and concerns about the research strategies and issues are discussed. This paper focuses on adolescent self-esteem. Research is presented on global self-esteem, domain specific self-esteem as it relates to global self-esteem, and the identification of self-esteem trajectories.…

Kidder, Sherri L.

67

Piers Harris and Coopersmith Measure of Self-Esteem: A Comparative Analysis  

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The purposes of this study were to see if the items from the Piers Harris Self Concept Scale and the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory had construct and predictive validity. Items used in this study were 50 items from the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and 80 items from the Piers Harris Self-Concept Scale. Construct measures were obtained using…

Lynch, Mervin D.; Foley-Peres, Kathleen D.; Sullivan, Stefanie S.

2008-01-01

68

The Prevalence of Low Self-Esteem in an Intellectually Disabled Forensic Population  

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Background: This was a quantitative study to measure the prevalence low self-esteem in an intellectually disabled forensic population. The dependent variables used were the adapted six-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the adapted Evaluative Beliefs Scale. It had a repeated measures design with independent variables including consideration of…

Johnson, P.

2012-01-01

69

Racial Identity, Self-Esteem, and Academic Achievement: Too Much Interpretation, Too Little Supporting Data.  

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To examine the relationship between racial identity, self-esteem, and academic achievement, this study administered the Racial Identity Attitude Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and a background questionnaire to African American students from a historically black college. Results showed that the unique effect of racial identity on academic…

Lockett, Charles T.; Harrell, Jules P.

2003-01-01

70

RELAT?ONSH?P BETWEEN EP?STEMOLOG?CAL BEL?EFS AND SELF-ESTEEM OF PHYS?CAL EDUCAT?ON TEACHER CAND?DATES  

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The purpose of this study was to determine epistemological beliefs and self-esteem physical education teacher candidate, and also to examine effect of epistemological beliefs on self-esteem. A total of 344 respondents (149 (%43.3) females and 195 (%56.7) males) participated to the study. Self-Esteem Scale and Epistemological Beliefs Scale were used to determine physical education candidate’ self-esteem and epistemological beliefs levels, respectively. Descriptive statistics, independent sam...

O?zs?eker, Murat; Meliha Canpolat, A.; Yildiz, Lale

2011-01-01

71

Increases in Global and Domain Specific Self-Esteem Following a 10 Day Developmental Voyage  

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Although positive effects are often reported, research assessing the impact of Adventure Education and Outward Bound programmes on self-esteem is fraught with methodological weaknesses pertaining to an emphasis on scales assessing global self-esteem, a lack of follow-up measures to assess the potential long-term benefits of such programmes and…

Grocott, Andrew C.; Hunter, John A.

2009-01-01

72

Parental styles and the stability of self-esteem in adolescence  

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Full Text Available Relationship between parents and children is significantly important for the forming of identity and its affective component of self-esteem. High and stable self-esteem is being developed in certain family conditions through parental influences to which a child is exposed within a family. In this research the results of a role of different parental styles have been presented in forming of stable self-esteem in adolescents. The research has been done in eight secondary school in Niš. The sample was done on N=280 pupils with Global Self-Esteem Rosenberg's scale, and EMBU parental styles scale of Perris-Arrindell's version. This research has shown that stable self-esteem in adolescents is being connected to mother’s emotional warmth and acceptance through the process of parenting. Unstable self-evaluations are connected to inconsistency and overprotection, while rejection leads to stable, but low self-evaluations.

Todorovi? Jelisaveta A.

2004-01-01

73

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EGO-IDENTITY STATUS AND SELF ESTEEM OF HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available The present study seeks to measure the relationship between identity statuses and self esteem of higher secondary students. The normative survey method has been followed for the present study. The samples of the study were 800 adolescents' students studying higher secondary in Cuddalore District of Tamilnadu, India. The sample includes 410 boys and 390 girls. The random sampling technique has been followed for the present study. The ego-identity scale constructed and validated by investigator and self esteem scale standardized by Anne Betts (1995 has been used for the present study. The findings of the study indicate that the self esteem is negatively correlated with identity diffusion. It further indicates that the self esteem is positively correlated with identity achievement. There is no significant correlation between self esteem and the identity statuses such as, identity foreclosure, and identity moratorium.

D. Janarthanam

2014-04-01

74

Perceived Social Support and Self-Esteem towards Gender Roles: Contributing Factors in Adolescents  

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Full Text Available The study aims to examine the relationship between self-esteem and perceived social support among the Malaysian adolescents. Gender differences of perceived social support and self-esteem among the respondents were also investigated. To achieve the objectives of the study, a survey was conducted with a relatively large (n=460 random samples of adolescents, aged 16-20, drawn from schools, colleges and universities in Malaysia. The Self-esteem Rating Scale (SERS and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS were used in the study. The results indicated that there were no gender differences in perceived social support and self-esteem among adolescents. However, a positive correlation was found between perceived social support and self-esteem. The study also found peer support was the highest form of perceived social support.

Cai-Lian Tam

2011-07-01

75

EVALUATION OF VOCATIONAL SELF ESTEEM LEVELS OF THE TURKISH COACHES  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to evaluate vocational self esteem levels of the coaches of individual sports or team sports. We tried to investigate whether there was a significant difference between vocational self esteem levels and such variables as age, gender, employment status, professional-working-time, educational status and sport type.“Vocational Self Esteem Scale” developed by Ar?cak (1999 and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher were used in order to determine the vocational self esteem of the coaches. The population of the research was consisted of coaches employed at Province Directorates of Youth and Sports (from 81 cities across Turkey. The sample of the research was made up by a total of 360 coaches (73 female coaches and 287 male coaches out of 31 different sport types who were working actively in 38 city centers and were selected with random sampling method.It was found out that the difference was between the coaches aged 26-30 and those aged 31-35 and vocational self esteem levels of the coaches aged 31-35 was significantly higher. Also, there was a statistically significant difference between the coaches aged 26-30 and those aged 36-40 and vocational self esteem levels of the coaches aged 36-40 was significantly higher compared to those aged 26-30.To sum up, Turkish coaches had moderate vocational self perception. However, we thought that it would be inappropriate to make any generalizations in light of the results of the present research, which was conducted with the Turkish coaches for the first time.

Yunus YILDIRIM

2012-08-01

76

The Effects of Cognitive Behavorial Therapy Group and Social Support Group on the Self Esteem among Breast Cancer Patients  

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This study is aimed to determine the main effects of CBT group, social support group (DS) and control group (KK) on the self esteem among breast cancer patients. Rosemberg self esteem scale (RSE) was used to measure self-esteem. The treatment group consisted of CBT and DS groups. Each treatment group received 12 counselling sessions within six weeks. Quantitative analysis general linear model (GLM) repeated measures was used to identify the groups’ (CBT, DS, and KK) main effect, the repeat...

Namora Lumongga Lubis; Mohamad Hashim Bin Othman

2011-01-01

77

Activities To Boost Self-Esteem.  

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Camps can increase campers' self-esteem through "I-Can't funerals," camper information forms, noncompetitive atmosphere, positive behavior management, Socratic rule deduction, camper selection of activities, public commendations, and de-emphasis of physical attractiveness. Effects on self-esteem are given for each suggestion. Sidebars list six…

Grayson, Randall

1997-01-01

78

Losing Faith in Self-Esteem.  

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Researchers have found no stable relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement or other desirable behaviors. In psychological studies, the most self-assured subjects were more likely to want to harm someone. Healthy self-esteem comes from achievement. Schools should support and promote accomplishment over "feel-good" activities. (MLH)

Colvin, Richard

2000-01-01

79

Should We Raise Pupils' Self-Esteem?  

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This article argues that the teacher is not well served by relying on the construct of self-esteem. Although an important idea in psychological health, self-esteem is not of direct importance to the teacher. More useful constructs would be those of self-concept and self-efficacy; both of which can be related directly to academic achievement.

Maclellan, Effie

2005-01-01

80

The Costly Pursuit of Self-Esteem  

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Researchers have recently questioned the benefits associated with having high self-esteem. The authors propose that the importance of self-esteem lies more in how people strive for it rather than whether it is high or low. They argue that in domains in which their self-worth is invested, people adopt the goal to validate their abilities and…

Crocker, Jennifer; Park, Lora E.

2004-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Autonomy, Educational Plans, and Self-Esteem in Institution-Reared and Home-Reared Teenagers in Estonia  

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The study examines autonomy, self-esteem, and educational plans for the future of 109 institution-reared and 106 home-reared teenagers (15-19 years). Teenagers were asked to complete the Teen Timetable Scale (Feldman & Rosenthal), two Emotional Autonomy Scales (Steinberg & Silverberg), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and answer questions about…

Tulviste, Tiia

2011-01-01

82

Student self-esteem and academic achievement  

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Full Text Available There is a growing belief that academic achievement is the product of a complex network of teacher-student relations, where the identity of successful and unsuccessful student is developing with high, moderate or low self-esteem level. Self-esteem is most often defined as a conscious cognitive-affective expression of self-evaluation which is one of the most immediate indicators of self-concept integration degree. A number of authors view high self-esteem level as an important prerequisite for high academic achievement. In contrast, academic achievement and other experiences related to teaching and learning are considered to exert significant influence on self-esteem and a student should be successful at school first so as to develop a positive self-image and his academic abilities. The debate on what comes first - self-esteem or academic achievement - is in its character more academic than practical. This claim is supported by an increasing number of studies indicating the dynamism and reciprocity of correlation between academic achievement and self-esteem. The paper gives recommendations for educational practice to promote self-esteem and development of personal and social responsibility, which contributes to better student academic achievement. It is pointed out that teacher education in the field is necessary and that self-esteem and responsibility must become essential segments of curricula. Teacher is expected to become sensitive to the needs of students who are at risk to be unsuccessful and to largely apply cooperative learning methods. Findings demonstrate that cooperative learning either sustain or increase student self-esteem, whereas traditional teaching methods, in general, lead to its decline. Cooperative relations improve student self-image in respect of academic abilities and social interactions. Positive feedback, peer support, more frequent experience of learning achievement leads mainly to general increase in self-esteem and feeling of competence.

Miloševi? Nikoleta M.

2005-01-01

83

Self-Esteem and Hopelessness, and Resiliency: An Exploratory Study of Adolescents in Turkey  

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Full Text Available Adolescence is a time of rapid development and change. In this developmental period, adolescents have to struggle with a large number of stress factors. In this process resilience is important to have as an adaptive, stress-resistant personal quality. The recent research considers that numerous factors contribute to resilience in adolescents; the internal characteristics associated with resilience include such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, perseverance, internal locus of control, coping and adaptation skills. The purpose of this study is to explore self-esteem and hopelessness as the predictor of resiliency of adolescents. The participants in this study are 223 high school school students (90 females and 133 males. Main instruments are Beck Hopelessness Scale, California Healthy Kids Survey Resilience-Youth Development Module High School Questionnaire and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Scale. The data has been analyzed by regression analysis. The findings showed that self-esteem and hopelessness is a significant predictor of resilience in adolescents. There was a positive relationship between self-esteem and resilience, but there was a negative relationship between hopelessness and resilience. In accordance with the results obtained from this study, there is a correlation between adolescents’ self-esteem, hopelessness and resilience levels. Finally, findings warrant further investigation of the interaction effects of self esteem and hopelessness on resilience.

Zeynep Karatas

2011-10-01

84

???????????????? The Relationship between Parent-Child Communication, Self-Esteem and Anxiety among Junior School Students  

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Full Text Available ???????????750????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????3 ????????????????????????????????????30.5%???????????????????6.3%?4 ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? To explore the relationship between parent-child communication, self-esteem and anxiety among junior school students, a test about self-rating anxiety scale. Self-esteem scale was made among 750 junior one and two students in Shenzhen. From the research, we get the results: 1 The scores of boys’ open parent-child communication is higher than girls, but there was no significant difference in parent-child communication problems; and the significant difference does not exist between open communication and problem of parent-child of only child and non-only child; 2 It shows positive relationship between open communication and self-esteem, and a negative relationship with anxiety; there is a negative relationship between self-esteem and communication of problems, and a positive relationship with anxiety; 3 Self-esteem and communication in problems of parent-child could significantly predict the level of anxiety of junior middle school students, the two variables can explain the total variance of 30.5%, the problem of communication between parents and children can only explain 6.3% of total variance; 4 Self-esteem plays an intermediary role in the relationship between parent-child communication and anxiety, play a mediating effect between self-esteem and communication in open parent-child and anxiety among them, don’t play intermediary role between parents and children to communicate with anxiety problems.

??

2013-03-01

85

Preliminary Assessment of Apache Hopefulness: Relationships with Hopelessness and with Collective as well as Personal Self-Esteem  

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Hopelessness is central to prominent mental health problems within American Indian (AI) communities. Apaches living on a reservation in Arizona responded to diverse expressions of hope along with Hopelessness, Personal Self-Esteem, and Collective Self-Esteem scales. An Apache Hopefulness Scale expressed five themes of hope and correlated…

Hammond, Vanessa Lea; Watson, P. J.; O'Leary, Brian J.; Cothran, D. Lisa

2009-01-01

86

Effect of Supportive Nursing Care on Self Esteem of Patients Receiving Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

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Introduction: Self-esteem is an important potential indicator in etiology, diagnosis and treatment of patients with severe mental illness. ECT is a popular treatment for these patients that can effect on their self-esteem and reinforce their problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of supportive nursing care in increasing self esteem of patients receiving ECT. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in the Baharan psychiatric hospital of Zahedan. A total of 70 cases of patients who received ECT were randomly allocated to control (n=35) and intervention (n=35) groups. The data were collected by demographic characteristics questionnaire and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES). Intervention group received the supportive nursing care. The control group received only routine treatment. Self esteem level was measured and compared before and after intervention for two groups. The data was analyzed by SPSS using the ?2, t-test and ANCOVA. Results: Results showed that both groups were homogeneous on the socio- demographic characteristics. The mean self esteem in the intervention group compared with the control group was significantly increased. While controlling the effects of individual and social variables, the result shows significant differences between two groups in the mean scores of self esteem after the intervention. Conclusion: The results suggest that supportive nursing care can have positive effect on self esteem of patients receiving ECT. It is recommended to use this method for increasing self esteem of these patients. PMID:25276758

Ebrahimi, Hossein; Navidian, Ali; Keykha, Roghaieh

2014-01-01

87

Effect of Supportive Nursing Care on Self Esteem of Patients Receiving Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Self-esteem is an important potential indicator in etiology, diagnosis and treatment of patients with severe mental illness. ECT is a popular treatment for these patients that can effect on their self-esteem and reinforce their problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of supportive nursing care in increasing self esteem of patients receiving ECT. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in the Baharan psychiatric hospital of Zahedan. A total of 70 cases of patients who received ECT were randomly allocated to control (n=35 and intervention (n=35 groups. The data were collected by demographic characteristics questionnaire and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES. Intervention group received the supportive nursing care. The control group received only routine treatment. Self esteem level was measured and compared before and after intervention for two groups. The data was analyzed by SPSS using the ?2, t-test and ANCOVA. Results: Results showed that both groups were homogeneous on the socio- demographic characteristics. The mean self esteem in the intervention group compared with the control group was significantly increased. While controlling the effects of individual and social variables, the result shows significant differences between two groups in the mean scores of self esteem after the intervention.Conclusion: The results suggest that supportive nursing care can have positive effect on self esteem of patients receiving ECT. It is recommended to use this method for increasing self esteem of these patients.

Hossein Ebrahimi

2014-06-01

88

Types of high self-esteem and prejudice: how implicit self-esteem relates to ethnic discrimination among high explicit self-esteem individuals.  

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There is increasing recognition that high self-esteem is heterogeneous. Recent research suggests that individuals who report having high self-esteem (i.e., have high explicit self-esteem) behave more defensively to the extent that they have relatively low implicit self-esteem. The current studies test whether individuals with high explicit self-esteem are more likely to discriminate ethnically, as a defensive technique, to the extent that they have relatively low implicit self-esteem. The results support this prediction. Among participants with high explicit self-esteem, all of whom were threatened by negative performance feedback, those with relatively low implicit self-esteem recommended a more severe punishment for a Native, but not a White, student who started a fist-fight. In Study 2, this pattern was not apparent for participants with relatively low explicit self-esteem. PMID:15802663

Jordan, Christian H; Spencer, Steven J; Zanna, Mark P

2005-05-01

89

Student self-esteem and academic achievement  

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There is a growing belief that academic achievement is the product of a complex network of teacher-student relations, where the identity of successful and unsuccessful student is developing with high, moderate or low self-esteem level. Self-esteem is most often defined as a conscious cognitive-affective expression of self-evaluation which is one of the most immediate indicators of self-concept integration degree. A number of authors view high self-esteem level as an important prerequisite for...

Miloševi? Nikoleta M.; Ševkuši? Slavica

2005-01-01

90

The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction  

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The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction research, conducted on a sample of 133 high school seniors, consisted of two phases. In phase one, participants were given the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Appearance Satisfaction Scale and Appearance Relevance Scale, and in phase two, one month later, they were exposed to photographs of attractive and unattractive individuals. Two groups of boys and girls each assessed attractive or una...

Puri? Danka; Simi? Nataša; Savanovi? Ljubomir; Kalanj Marko; Jovanovi?-Da?i? Stefan

2011-01-01

91

Does dyselxia affect self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life in university students?  

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Objectives: Previous literature suggests that dyslexia affects self-esteem and self-concept in school children (Humphrey & Mullins, 2004). This study will extend the research into a sample of university students measuring self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life between a dyslexic and non-dyslexic sample, taking gender (males and females) into account. Method: A questionnaire was utilised that included the Burnett Self-Scale, Reading Self-Concept Scale, and the Brief Multidimensio...

Graham, Sarah L.

2009-01-01

92

Is High Self-Esteem a Precondition of "Normal" Behavior?  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem is widely perceived to be important. This study examined the role of self-esteem as a moderator of social behavior in a sample selected to represent a broad range on the self-esteem dimension. Student subjects representing high, medium, and low levels of self-esteem were selected from a large sample (N=1,051) such that those…

Vande Kamp, Mark E.; And Others

93

How Low Self-Esteem Affects Adult Learners.  

Science.gov (United States)

Defines global self-esteem (sense of efficacy, purpose, responsibility, self-acceptance) and trait self-esteem (confidence in specific abilities or talents). Gives examples of how low self-esteem impedes participation in learning and how learning can raise self-esteem. (SK)

James, Kathryn

2003-01-01

94

Professional values, self-esteem, and ethical confidence of baccalaureate nursing students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Professional identity and competent ethical behaviors of nursing students are commonly developed through curricular inclusion of professional nursing values education. Despite the enactment of this approach, nursing students continue to express difficulty in managing ethical conflicts encountered in their practice. This descriptive correlational study explores the relationships between professional nursing values, self-esteem, and ethical decision making among senior baccalaureate nursing students. A convenience sample of 47 senior nursing students from the United States were surveyed for their level of internalized professional nursing values (Revised Professional Nursing Values Scale), level of self-esteem (Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale), and perceived level of confidence in ethical decision making. A significant positive relationship (p students' professional nursing values and levels of self-esteem. The results of this study can be useful to nursing educators whose efforts are focused on promoting professional identity development and competent ethical behaviors of future nurses. PMID:23166146

Iacobucci, Trisha A; Daly, Barbara J; Lindell, Debbie; Griffin, Mary Quinn

2013-06-01

95

The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction  

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Full Text Available The impact of forced social comparison on adolescents’ self-esteem and appearance satisfaction research, conducted on a sample of 133 high school seniors, consisted of two phases. In phase one, participants were given the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Appearance Satisfaction Scale and Appearance Relevance Scale, and in phase two, one month later, they were exposed to photographs of attractive and unattractive individuals. Two groups of boys and girls each assessed attractive or unattractive individuals of their own gender, while two control groups (of both genders were not exposed to any photographs. Immediately after assessing the photographs, the participants were again given the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory and Appearance Satisfaction Scale. We found that forced social comparison had an impact on self-esteem and a marginally significant effect on appearance satisfaction in the group of participants (of both genders assessing the photographs of unattractive individuals, while no effects were found in the either the control group or the group assessing the photographs of attractive individuals. We also examined the impact of self-esteem, appearance satisfaction and appearance relevance as moderating variables on the effect size of social comparison and showed that higher pretest self-esteem and appearance relevance and lower appearance satisfaction predict higher posttest self-esteem scores, regardless of the participants’ group membership. The group of participants exposed to photographs of unattractive people, however, showed the opposite pattern - those participants who had initially lower self-esteem have increased it more as a result of the experimental exposure.

Puri? Danka

2011-01-01

96

Evaluation of self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis  

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Full Text Available Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore, we aimed to investigate self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients with atopic dermatitis and 33 healthy controls were included in the study. The Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale and the Children’s Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI were used for determining self-esteem and quality of life. The Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD Index was used to assess the severity of atopic dermatitis. Results: It was found that patient group had lower self-esteem than healthy controls according to the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale. A statistically significant difference was observed in happiness/satisfaction and anxiety subscale scores between the patients and healthy controls while there was no significant difference between the other sub-scale scores. Mean value of dermatological quality of life in patients with atopic dermatitis was significantly lower than in healthy controls. A moderate negative correlation was found between self-esteem and CDLQI scores among adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Discussion: This study results have shown that self-esteem and dermatological quality of life were adversely affected in adolescents with atopic dermatitis irrespective of gender. These patients should be examined psychiatrically besides dermatological examination and treatment. We suggest that improvement will be observed in self-esteem and quality of life of adolescents with atopic dermatitis by providing the necessary psychosocial support.

?jlal Erturan

2013-03-01

97

Does self-esteem mediate the relationship between interpersonal problems and symptoms of disordered eating?  

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It has been proposed that interpersonal problems play a role in the maintenance of disordered eating because of an adverse effect on self-esteem, which in turn encourages the pursuit of achievement in the valued domain of weight and shape. This study aimed to identify the types of interpersonal problems that are associated with disordered eating and to determine whether self-esteem mediates the relationship between interpersonal problems and eating disorder symptoms. Female university students (n = 227) completed the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-32, Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Regression analysis identified two forms of interpersonal problems that were associated with disordered eating: difficulties being sociable and being too dependent on the opinion of others. Self-esteem mediated the relationship between interpersonal problems and overevaluation of weight and shape but did not mediate the relationship between interpersonal problems and dietary restraint. PMID:24804301

Lampard, Amy M; Byrne, Susan M; McLean, Neil

2011-01-01

98

Gender differences in self-esteem and happiness among university students  

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Full Text Available The current research examines gender differences in the self esteem and happiness of university students. A sample of 120 students (60 males and 60 females was drawn from the various departments of university of Sargodha within the age range of 18-26 years. Convenience sampling technique was used. ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1985 and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2001 were individually administered to the participants. The results suggested that the male students reported significantly higher level of self esteem as compared to the female university students (t = 3.78, df = 117, ***p .05. Furthermore, significant positive relationship was found between happiness and self esteem of students (r = .22*. These findings have implications for helping teachers and parents.

Malik, S.

2013-03-01

99

Mothers’ Attitudes and Self-Esteem among Deaf Children in Iranian High Schools  

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Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. While family system theory is typically used in trying counseling and therapy, much can be learned from examining it by studying the relationship between deaf children and their mothers. Family systems theory has been used in trying to understand problems of communication between children and their families (Widerman, 1995. In general, attention with some significant findings has been focused on environmental factors such as parenting, communication at home, and type of schooling as potential contributors to self-esteem (Crocker, 2008. However, the role of other variables such as family’s attitude has not been systematically explored. This implies that the picture is far from complete. It is also not clear what kind of factors effect on deaf children’s self-esteem. Henceforth, the findings of this study may be helpful in the development of curriculum goals for increasing self-esteem in deaf children. Counselors and social workers can do much to promote positive family relationships as well as acceptance of disabilities in deaf children. The sample consisted of 200 deaf children (100 boys and 100 girls and 200 normal-hearing mothers. The study was conducted at deaf high schools in Iran. Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale, Parental Attitudes towards Deafness and interviews Scale were used. The results showed that a relationship existed between mothers’ attitude and deaf children’s self-esteem. Additionally, according to the Pearson correlation test, there is a relationship between the mothers’ attitudes and self-esteem in deaf children. Children whose mothers ably communicated had higher self-esteem scores than their counterparts whose mothers could not ably communicate. The findings of this study may be helpful in the development of curriculum goals for increase of self-esteem in deaf children. Counselors can do much to promote positive family relationships as well as acceptance of disabilities in deaf children. Also, these findings may expand our understanding of the characteristics of deaf children’s self-esteem and their families’ attitudes. In terms of practical value, it is hoped that these findings provide information that may help determine efficacy of self-esteem, for deaf children and their families.

Effat Hamed Sardar

2012-01-01

100

Analysis of humor styles, problem solving and self- esteem of prospective teachers  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a difference among prospective teachers in terms of humor styles, problem solving skills and self- esteem in regard to gender variable and whether there is a relation among humor styles, problem solving and self- esteem. The data of the study have been gathered through Humor Styles Scale, Problem Solving Inventory, Self- Esteem Scale and Personal Information Form. The sample of the study is composed of randomly selected 442 prospective teachers (251 female, 191 male studying at various departments of Education Faculty of Selcuk University. Statistical analysis of the data has been carried out by independent t test and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. It is observed that there is not a significant difference between the average scores of affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor styles, when the humor styles of prospective teachers are analysed in regard to gender. However it is observed that the difference between the average scores of aggressive humor and self-defeating humor is significant. Moreover, a significant and positive relation has been observed between self- esteem and affiliative and self-enhancing humor and a significant and negative relation has been observed between self- esteem and aggressive and self-defeating humor. Through an increase of positive problem solving approach, self- esteem, affiliative and self-enhancing humor are also increasing and aggressive and self-defeating humor are decreasing.

Zeliha Tra?

2011-09-01

 
 
 
 
101

Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Third-Year Pharmacy Students  

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Objective. To identify the experiential and demographic factors affecting the self-efficacy and self-esteem of third-year pharmacy (P3) students. Methods. A 25-item survey that included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the General Self-Efficacy Scale, as well as types and length of pharmacy practice experiences and demographic information was administered to doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students from 5 schools of pharmacy in New England at the completion of their P3 year. Results. The survey response rate was approximately 50% of the total target population (399/820). Students with a grade point average (GPA)?3.0 demonstrated a higher significant effect from unpaid introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) on their self-efficacy scores (p<0.05) compared to students with lower GPAs. Students who had completed more than the required amount of pharmacy experiences had higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem (p<0.05). Ethnicity also was related to students’ levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem. Conclusion. Self-efficacy and self-esteem are two important factors in pharmacy practice. Colleges and schools of pharmacy should ensure that students complete enough practice experiences, beyond the minimum of 300 IPPE hours, as one way to improve their self-efficacy and self-esteem. PMID:25258439

2014-01-01

102

Self-efficacy and self-esteem in third-year pharmacy students.  

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Objective. To identify the experiential and demographic factors affecting the self-efficacy and self-esteem of third-year pharmacy (P3) students. Methods. A 25-item survey that included the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the General Self-Efficacy Scale, as well as types and length of pharmacy practice experiences and demographic information was administered to doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) students from 5 schools of pharmacy in New England at the completion of their P3 year. Results. The survey response rate was approximately 50% of the total target population (399/820). Students with a grade point average (GPA)?3.0 demonstrated a higher significant effect from unpaid introductory pharmacy practice experiences (IPPEs) on their self-efficacy scores (pstudents with lower GPAs. Students who had completed more than the required amount of pharmacy experiences had higher levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem (pstudents' levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem. Conclusion. Self-efficacy and self-esteem are two important factors in pharmacy practice. Colleges and schools of pharmacy should ensure that students complete enough practice experiences, beyond the minimum of 300 IPPE hours, as one way to improve their self-efficacy and self-esteem. PMID:25258439

Yorra, Mark L

2014-09-15

103

Subliminal messages for increasing self-esteem: placebo effect.  

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Although experimental research has confirmed the capacity of the human cognitive system to process information that does not reach consciousness (unconscious perception), empirical evidence of the incidence of subliminal verbal messages included on audiotapes claiming to improve human resources and correct some behavioral problems is meager and inconsistent. Our study assesses the influence of "subliminal tapes" designed to increase self-esteem. Participants were randomly assigned to four experimental conditions. One group listened to a tape of music with supra- and subliminal messages; another listened to a tape of music with only subliminal messages; the third group's tape had only music, although the participants believed that it also included subliminal messages; a fourth ("waiting") group heard no tapes, but filled in the same self-esteem scales. Participants in the first three groups filled in the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (Fitts, 1965) before and after listening to the tape for several days. All groups showed a similar pretest-posttest improvement in self-esteem (p < or = .003), except for the waiting group, which did not improve (p = .311). This implies that only a placebo effect took place. Our data are not in accordance with those obtained by other authors. We comment upon the possible reasons for these discrepancies. PMID:11705338

Froufe, M; Schwartz, C

2001-05-01

104

A Cooperative Study of Self-Esteem, Leadership and Resilience amongst Illegal Motorbike Racers and Normal Adolescents in Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Understanding self-esteem, leadership and resilience among at risk youth who are involved in illegal motorbike racing is a crucial issue prior to starting any intervention programs. It may provide an indication of their profile in order to change this negative behavior. This study aimed in examining the relationship between self-esteem, leadership and resilience among illegal motorbike racers and its comparison with normal adolescents. The study employed survey research involving the administration of three standardized psychological tests namely the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE, the adapted Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ and the Resilience Questionnaire (RQ. A total of 140 respondents participated in this study. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and t-test analysis. Results showed that there were significant correlations between self-esteem, leadership and resilience dimensions among normal adolescents. However there were no significant correlations between self-esteem, leadership and resilience dimensions among illegal motorbike racers. In addition, there were significant differences of self-esteem, leadership and resilience between normal adolescents and illegal motorbike racers. In conclusion, normal adolescents had higher self-esteem and leadership and they showed higher resilience while illegal motorbike racers showed lower self-esteem and leadership and in turn they were less resilient. This implied the need for continuous intervention programs in order to empower at risk youth. It was recommended that future studies explore other variables such as family and school variables that can influence resilience.

Wan Shahrazad, W. S.

2012-06-01

105

EXAMINING HOW WHEELCHAIR BASKETBALL PLAYERS’ SELF-ESTEEM AND MOTIVATION LEVELS IMPACT ON THEIR STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY LEVELS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine how wheelchair basketball players’ self-esteem and motivation levels impact on their state and trait anxiety levels. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Sport Motivation Scale and STAI (State Trait Anxiety Inventory were applied to the athletes before a competition. Data were collected from 124 athletes with disabilities. In this study, descriptive statistical techniques, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis (enter method were used. Multiple regression analyses indicated that self-esteem, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation, all of which function as predicting variables, predicted 42% variance in state anxiety and 50% variance in trait anxiety. Motivation and self-esteem are the best predictors of trait and state anxiety among the premier league wheelchair basketball players. Finally, a review of factors that impact on anxiety and quality of performance such as motivation and self-esteem is provided.

Hakan Kolayis

2012-11-01

106

The relationship between economic hardship, self esteem and parental behavior among low-income mothers  

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Full Text Available This quantitative research attempts to examine the relationships between economic hardship, self-esteem, and parental behavior among low-income mothers. Specifically, the objectives of this research are to: 1 measure the relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem; 2 measure the relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior; 3 measure the relationship between self-esteem and parental behavior; and 4 measure the relationshipbetween demographic aspects such as age and level of income with economic hardship, selfesteem and parental behavior. This research is based on a survey of 110 low-income mothers residing in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. The instrument consisted of three dimensions: Economic Strain Questionnaire (ESQ was used to measure economic hardship; Self-Esteem Inventories (SEI to measure self-esteem; and Parent’s Report Scale (PR to measure parental behavior. The validity and reliability of the entire three dimensions has been measured. The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics which involved mean, percentage, frequency, standard deviation and Pearson-correlation using the Statistical Packages for the SocialSciences (SPSS. The study showed that there was a negative relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem and a negative relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior. On the other hand, there was a positive relationship between self-esteemand parental behavior. The study also showed that there was a significant negative relationship between age and self-esteem, economic hardship, and parental behavior. Meanwhile, level of income was positively associated with self-esteem and parental behavior.

Joki Perdani Sawai

2011-12-01

107

The Relation Between Submissive Behaviours and Self Esteem State Among Nursing Students  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine relationship between submissive acts and self esteem among nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive research has been performed with 322 nursing students in Akdeniz University, between February 2007-March 2007. Research data has derived by the questionnaire from that composed of two-parts. In the first part The Submissive Act Scale (SAS and in the second part The Coopersmith Esteem Inventory (CSEI has been used. The data analyzed by spearman?s correlation analysis. RESULTS: According to collected data; the students, who has participated to research 34.88 +-8.7 SAS average and 74.78 +/- 16.2 CSEI average has been established. 47 % of the students have SAS points more than average and 65 % of the students have high self esteem level is confirmed. As a result correlation analysis, significant relationship has determined between submissive acts and self esteem (r=- 0.42, p<0.01. According to the findings; submissive acts were negatively correlated with self esteem. CONCLUSION: Communications and interpersonal relationships are very important for nursing. Nurses play a vital communication role in the healthcare system. Assertiveness and self esteem is necessary for effective nurse communication. Because of the process of becoming a nurse is started at nursing school, nursing education should be more promote to self esteem and decreased to submissive behaviours through educational methods. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(1: 53-58

Ilkay Arslan Ozkan

2008-02-01

108

The Relation Between Submissive Behaviours and Self Esteem State Among Nursing Students  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine relationship between submissive acts and self esteem among nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive research has been performed with 322 nursing students in Akdeniz University, between February 2007-March 2007. Research data has derived by the questionnaire from that composed of two-parts. In the first part The Submissive Act Scale (SAS and in the second part The Coopersmith Esteem Inventory (CSEI has been used. The data analyzed by spearman?s correlation analysis. RESULTS: According to collected data; the students, who has participated to research 34.88 +-8.7 SAS average and 74.78 +/- 16.2 CSEI average has been established. 47 % of the students have SAS points more than average and 65 % of the students have high self esteem level is confirmed. As a result correlation analysis, significant relationship has determined between submissive acts and self esteem (r=- 0.42, p<0.01. According to the findings; submissive acts were negatively correlated with self esteem. CONCLUSION: Communications and interpersonal relationships are very important for nursing. Nurses play a vital communication role in the healthcare system. Assertiveness and self esteem is necessary for effective nurse communication. Because of the process of becoming a nurse is started at nursing school, nursing education should be more promote to self esteem and decreased to submissive behaviours through educational methods. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(1.000: 53-58

Ilkay Arslan Ozkan

2008-02-01

109

Examination of the relationship between the body image and self-esteem of female adolescents  

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Full Text Available This study aims at an examination of the relationship between level of content with body image and self-esteem among female adolescents. In the study, descriptive method was employed. The sample group of the study is 300 secondary school female students between 16-18 years of age. Body Cathexis Scale and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were applied to the adolescents in the sample group. Results have shown that there are a high level, negative and significant relationship between the body image and self-esteem (r=-0,365, p<.01 of female adolescents. Findings also illustrate that an increase in female adolescents’ content with their body image leads to an increase in their self-esteem. Results of the study revealed that female adolescents with positive body image have a high level of self-esteem and so female adolescents with negative body image have a low level of self-esteem. In this respect, in this study, the importance of female adolescents’ realistic appreciation concerned with their body image is discussed.

Vesile Oktan

2010-07-01

110

Affect and Strategy Use: The Relationship between EFL Learners’ Self-esteem and Language Learning Strategies  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Language Learning Strategies (LLSs and Global Self-esteem (GSE among college-level EFL learners. It was also meant to know which strategies are more frequent among learners. One hundred and twenty seven undergraduate students majoring in English at Lorestan University participated in the study. Two questionnaires, i.e. the Oxford’s (1990 Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, were used for data collection. The data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistics, and correlational analyses were done to determine the relationship between total GSE and total LLSs as well as the six categories of learning strategies, separately. Also, t-tests were conducted to compare self-esteem mean scores of high and low strategy users. Males and females’ LLSs and GSE were then compared using t-test. The findings of the study revealed that LLSs correlate significantly with GSE. Among LLS categories, cognitive strategies and compensation strategies indicated the highest correlation with the learners’ self-esteem. However, affective strategies were the least correlated category with self-esteem. Furthermore, it was indicated that gender is not a determinant factor for being a high or low strategy user, and does not affect self-esteem.

Amir Asadifard

2013-09-01

111

Emotional Intelligence and Life Satisfaction in Romanian University Students: The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem and Social Support  

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Full Text Available This study examines a mediation model for the relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction for students. Self-esteem and social support were used as mediators. The participants were 131 Romanian undergraduate students. Data were collected by using the Wong Law Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Bootstrap analysis showed that both self-esteem and social support partially mediated the relationship between EI and life satisfaction. Implications for future research and limitations of the present findings are discussed.

Patricia Luciana RUNCAN

2013-03-01

112

Self-esteem and sexual permissiveness.  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessed the relationship between self-esteem and sexual permissiveness for 486 single females aged 13--20 who were attending 10 birth control centers in Ontario. Consistent with Stratton and Spitzer's social deviance model, which predicts that the nature of the permissiveness/self-esteem relationship is dependent on cultural norms, in this liberal sample high esteem Ss were accepting of premarital intercourse with affection. Those who deviated from the permissiveness with affection norm by endorsing sexual abstinence had lower esteem, but there was no relationship between esteem and endorsement of premarital intercourse without affection or esteem and number of coital partners. High self-esteem Ss were more willing to take sexual initiative and had lower sex guilt. PMID:512024

Herold, E S; Goodwin, M S

1979-10-01

113

Relationship between oral hygiene behaviors and self-esteem among students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences  

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Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Self-esteem is an important concept used in psychology to reflect a person's overall appraisal of his or her own value. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between self-esteem and oral hygiene behaviors among student of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study a stratified sampling procedure was used to select 320 students from 7 faculties of IUMS. In the second stage, the subjects were randomly selected from each faculty to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data and data on oral hygiene behaviors. Self-esteem was assessed by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Mann-Whitney test, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and descriptive statistical methods were used by SPSS software for data analysis.Results: A total of 63.5% of the subjects were female and 36.5% were male. Mean score of self-esteem in the participants was 20.05. Self-esteem score had a significantly positive correlation with economic status (p value < 0.05. The total score of oral hygiene behaviors in female students (20.86 ± 3.58 was significantly higher than that in male students (19.32 ± 4.02 (p value = 0.012. Tooth brushing frequency, use of dental floss, fluoride consumption, dental checkup frequency and also absence of oral malodor and absence of untreated dental caries were significantly associated with higher self-esteem scores (p value < 0.05. Conclusion: Self-esteem as a common psychological factor is correlated with oral hygiene behaviors. Promoting self-esteem could help people improve oral hygiene behaviors. Key words: Self-esteem, Oral hygiene, Predisposing factors

Omid Fakheran Esfahani

2012-01-01

114

Attributional Communication, Situational Involvement, Self-Esteem and Interpersonal Attraction  

Science.gov (United States)

Two experiments were conducted which assumed that persons with extremely high or low self-esteem would be more defensive than moderate self-esteem persons when receiving ego-threatening communication. (Editor)

Berger, Charles R.

1973-01-01

115

Self-esteem and mathematics achievement of elementary Qatari students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Mathematics achievement and self-esteem of 238 Qatari elementary students (128 girls, 110 boys) was assessed. In Grades 1 to 5, self-esteem was M = 14.3 (SD = 2.7) and mathematics achievement was M = 68.1 (SD = 21.9). Results indicated boys had higher self-esteem. Mathematics achievement and sex explained seven percent of the variance in self-esteem. PMID:25074315

Alkhateeb, Haitham M

2014-06-01

116

Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9%) had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%). Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study. PMID:25351322

Canali, Tiago José; Oliveira, Sylvia Marina Soares de; Reduit, Deivid Montero; Vinholes, Daniele Botelho; Feldens, Viviane Pessi

2014-11-01

117

Interaction effect study on stress reaction and job burnout, personality, self-esteem in radiological medical personnel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore interaction effect between stress reaction and job burnout, personality, self-esteem in radiological medical personnel with path analysis. Methods: 728 radiological medical personnels were investigated with Maslach burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Self-esteem Scale. Results: Multiple regression and path analysis revealed that there were statistically significant relation between stress reaction and job burnout, Personality and self-esteem. Conclusion: Psychological stress is a complicated and multiple interaction of psychological stress related factors. (authors)

118

Effect of Self-Esteem in the Relationship between Stress and Substance Abuse among Adolescents: A Mediation Outcome  

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The present study assessed the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between stress and substance abuse among adolescents. The participants of the study were 352 adolescents, 54.5% males and 45.5% females aged 13 to18 years, from selected secondary schools in Somolu, Lagos, Nigeria. Substance abuse was measured with the Drug Abuse Screening Test, while Stress was measured with the Perceived Stress Scale, and Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale. The stud...

Ikechukwu Uba; Siti Nor Yaacob; Mansor Abu Talib; Sakineh Mofrad; Rohani Abdullah

2013-01-01

119

Self-Esteem and Facial Attractiveness among Learning Disabled Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Past research has demonstrated a relationship between children's physical attractiveness and their self-esteem. Other research has found that learning disabled children are at risk for having low self-esteem. This study examined the relationship between self-esteem and facial attractiveness in learning disabled children. Subjects were 20 diagnosed…

Anderson, Lisa K.; And Others

120

Self-Esteem: Balance between Individual and Community.  

Science.gov (United States)

Differentiates self-esteem from narcissism and traces societal preoccupation with self-esteem. Maintains that placing so much importance on an individual and self-esteem obscures the value of a balance between individuality and mutual responsibility. Describes Montessori's emphasis on the child's inner development and on community and mutual…

Woods, Carol S.

1999-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Self-Esteem and Suicide Ideation in Psychiatric Outpatients  

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Depression, hopelessness, and low self-esteem are implicated as vulnerability factors for suicide ideation. The association of self-esteem with suicide ideation after controlling for depressed mood and hopelessness was examined. Adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 338) completed measures of self-esteem, suicide ideation, hopelessness, and…

Bhar, Sunil; Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Marjan; Brown, Gregory; Beck, Aaron T.

2008-01-01

122

Visual Impairment and Self-Esteem: What Makes a Difference?  

Science.gov (United States)

This account follows on from the research report "Visual impairment and its impact on self-esteem" (Bowen, 2010) published in this journal. The original article reported the results of an investigation of self-esteem levels amongst a sample group of 60 children with visual impairment. Four children, whose self-esteem was measured as "low" or "very…

Bowen, Jayne

2010-01-01

123

The Relationship of Self-Esteem to Depressive Cognition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Both cognitive and learned helplessness models of depression stress the importance of low self-esteem in the etiology of depression and depressive symptomatology. To investigate the correlations and causal relationship of low self-esteem to depressive cognition, equal groups of low, medium, and high self-esteem college students (N=135; 89 female,…

Butler, Robert A.; Whipple, James

124

Self-Esteem Differences among Persons with Spinal Cord Injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed 63 people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in either their first, second, or fifth year post-injury. Results indicated that perceived levels of self-esteem decreased following the SCI. Found that self-esteem was lowest in the second year of injury. Self-esteem may be connected to loss of employment. (RJM)

Marini, Irmo; And Others

1995-01-01

125

Self-esteem instability and humor styles: does the stability of self-esteem influence how people use humor?  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine whether self-esteem instability moderated the association between self-esteem level and the use of humor. This was accomplished by examining the associations that humor styles had with self-esteem level and self-esteem instability among 499 undergraduates. The results of the present study show that self-esteem instability moderated the association between self-esteem level and humor styles such that individuals with stable high self-esteem reported the highest levels of affiliative humor as well as the lowest levels of aggressive and self-defeating humor. These results suggest that individuals with stable and unstable forms of self-esteem employ different styles of humor. PMID:25154114

Vaughan, Jessica; Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Arnau, Randolph C

2014-01-01

126

Self Esteem, Locus of Control and Multidimensional Perfectionism as the Predictors of Subjective Well Being  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a relationship between self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism, and the extent to which the variables of self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism contribute to the prediction of subjective well-being. The study was carried out with 318 final year (fourth grade university students. Subjective Well-Being Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rotter Internal External Locus of Control Scale and Multi-Dimensional Perfectionism Scale were used in the study. Correlation Coefficient of Pearson Moments and Gradual Regression Analysis were used in the analysis of the data. As a consequence, it was determined that there is a positive relationship between subjective well-being and self-esteem, and a negative relationship between subjective well-being and locus of control and multi-dimensional perfectionism. Also, it was observed that the variables of self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism significatly predict subjective well-being.

Zeynep Karatas

2012-08-01

127

Exploring relationships between facets of self-esteem and drinking behavior among diverse groups of young adults.  

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Theory and empirical evidence suggest that North American-based measures of self-esteem, which measure individualistic positive self-regard, may be less applicable to Eastern cultures. In the present exploratory study, we examined how different conceptualizations of self-esteem, as measured by the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and the Collective Self-esteem (CSE) Scale, predicted drinking behavior among three groups of American college students (N=326) with varying ethnicities: White, Korean, and Chinese/Taiwanese. Hierarchical negative binomial regression was employed to evaluate these relations. Ethnic identity was controlled for in all analyses. Findings indicated that while global self-esteem was positively associated with drinking for the whole sample, ethnicity moderated this relationship such that global self-esteem was related to drinking for White participants but not for their Chinese/Taiwanese counterparts. In addition, while CSE did not associate with drinking for the whole sample, effects emerged for specific ethnicities. Specifically, private CSE was associated with less drinking for Korean and Chinese/Taiwanese participants. Depending on specific Asian ethnicity, public CSE served as a risk (Korean participants) or a protective factor (Chinese/Taiwanese participants) for drinking. Findings suggest that above and beyond ethnic identity, differential relationships between facets of self-esteem and drinking behavior may exist among White, Korean, and Chinese/Taiwanese young adults. Intervention and prevention programs should develop strategies to help Chinese/Taiwanese and Korean American young adults cultivate protective factors within domains of CSE. PMID:23811062

Pedersen, Eric R; Hsu, Sharon Hsin; Neighbors, Clayton; Paves, Andrew P; Larimer, Mary E

2013-10-01

128

Effect of Self-Esteem in the Relationship between Stress and Substance Abuse among Adolescents: A Mediation Outcome  

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Full Text Available The present study assessed the mediating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between stress and substance abuse among adolescents. The participants of the study were 352 adolescents, 54.5% males and 45.5% females aged 13 to18 years, from selected secondary schools in Somolu, Lagos, Nigeria. Substance abuse was measured with the Drug Abuse Screening Test, while Stress was measured with the Perceived Stress Scale, and Self-esteem was measured with the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale. The study ascertained a negative and large correlation (r = -.538, p <.01 between stress and self-esteem, similar results (r = -.536, p <.01 was found between self-esteem and substance abuse and a positive and medium correlation (r = .360, p <.01 was found between stress and substance abuse. Self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between stress and substance abuse. Recommendations of the study highlighted the need for greater enlightenment on the importance of self-esteem particularly among adolescents.

Ikechukwu Uba

2013-05-01

129

Black Girls and Self-Esteem.  

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Discusses ways that social psychologists have misunderstood the self-esteem of young Black women. Challenges the paternalistic, classist, and racist assumptions that have prevailed. Teachers can encourage young Black students' high expectations for themselves by rejecting a deficit model and developing an anti-racist approach in classroom and…

Coultas, Valerie

1989-01-01

130

Body Image and Self-Esteem  

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... Can I Go if I Need Help? Sometimes low self-esteem and body image problems are too much to handle alone. A few teens may become depressed, and lose interest in ... drugs to escape feelings of low worth. If you're feeling this way, it ...

131

Restoring Self-Esteem in Adolescent Males  

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When presented with the words self-esteem, it is most common in our society to immediately think of girls. It is not often that people ponder the effects of body image, athleticism, success, or even friendships for boys. Unfortunately in overlooking these concepts, we are doing a disservice to our male youth. This article addresses the effects of…

Hendel, Andrea

2006-01-01

132

Medication Adherence, Work Performance and Self-Esteem among Psychiatric Patients Attending Psychosocial Rehabilitation Services at Bangalore, India  

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Context: Work benefits mental health in innumerable ways. Vocational rehabilitation can enhance self-esteem. Medication adherence can improve work performance and thereby the individuals’ self-esteem. Aim: To test the hypothesis that there would be a significant correlation between medication adherence, work performance and self-esteem. Setting and Design: A quantitative, descriptive correlational research design was adopted to invite patients attending psychiatric rehabilitation services to participate in the research. Material and Methods: Data was collected from a convenience sample of 60 subjects using the ‘Medication Adherence Rating scale’, ‘Griffiths work behaviour scale’ and the ‘Rosenberg's Self-esteem scale’. Statistical analysis used: Analysis was done using spss18 with descriptive statistics, Pearsons correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: There were 36 males and 24 females who participated in this study. The subjects had good mean medication adherence of 8.4 ± 1.5 with median of 9.00, high mean self-esteem of 17.65 ± 2.97 with median of 18.0 and good mean work performance of 88.62 ± 22.56 with median of 93.0. Although weak and not significant, there was a positive correlation (r = 0.22, P = 0.103) between medication adherence and work performance; positive correlation between (r = 0.25, P = 0.067) medication adherence and self–esteem; positive correlation between (r = 0.136, P = 0.299) work performance and self-esteem. Multiple regression analysis showed no significant predictors for medication adherence, work performance and self-esteem among patients with psychiatric illness. Conclusions: Medication monitoring and strengthening of work habit can improve self-esteem thereby, strengthening hope of recovery from illness.

Gandhi, Sailaxmi; Pavalur, Rajitha; Thanapal, Sivakumar; Parathasarathy, Nirmala B.; Desai, Geetha; Bhola, Poornima; Philip, Mariamma; Chaturvedi, Santosh K.

2014-01-01

133

Pilot-scale demonstration of surfactant-enhanced PCE solubilization at the Bachman Road site. 1. Site characterization and test design.  

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A pilot-scale demonstration of surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation (SEAR) was conducted to recover dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) tetrachloroethene (PCE) from a sandy glacial outwash aquifer underlying a former dry cleaning facility at the Bachman Road site in Oscoda, MI. Part one of this two-part paper describes site characterization efforts and a comprehensive approach to SEAR test design, effectively integrating laboratory and modeling studies. Aquifer coring and drive point sampling suggested the presence of PCE-DNAPL in a zone beneath an occupied building. A narrow PCE plume emanating from the vicinity of this building discharges into Lake Huron. The shallow unconfined aquifer, characterized by relatively homogeneous fine-medium sand deposits, an underlying clay layer, and the absence of significant PCE transformation products, was judged suitable for the demonstration of SEAR. Tween 80 was selected for application based upon its favorable solubilization performance in batch and two-dimensional sand tank treatability studies, biodegradation potential, and regulatory acceptance. Three-dimensional flow and transport models were employed to develop a robust design for surfactant delivery and recovery. Physical and fiscal constraints led to an unusual hydraulic design, in which surfactant was flushed across the regional groundwater gradient, facilitating the delivery of concentrations of Tween 80 exceeding 1% (wt) throughout the treatment zone. The potential influence of small-scale heterogeneity on PCE-DNAPL distribution and SEAR performance was assessed through numerical simulations incorporating geostatistical permeability fields based upon available core data. For the examined conditions simulated PCE recoveries ranged from 94to 99%. The effluent treatment system design consisted of low-profile air strippers coupled with carbon adsorption to trap off-gas PCE and discharge of treated aqueous effluent to a local wastewater treatment plant. The systematic and comprehensive design methodology described herein may serve as a template for application at other DNAPL sites. PMID:15819238

Abriola, Linda M; Drummond, Chad D; Hahn, Ernest J; Hayes, Kim F; Kibbey, Tohren C G; Lemke, Lawrence D; Pennell, Kurt D; Petrovskis, Erik A; Ramsburg, C Andrew; Rathfelder, Klaus M

2005-03-15

134

Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods  

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In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

Isiklar, Abdullah

2012-01-01

135

The direct and indirect role of self esteem and procrastination in the relation to fear of failure and self worth  

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The aim of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect role of self esteem and procrastination in the relation between fear of failure and self worth. The participants were 279 students who study different major fields at the Faculty of Education in Pamukkale University. Age range varied from 19 to 34. In this study, Tuckman Procrastination Inventory, Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, Activate and Success Based Self Worth Scale, Concern over Mistakes Scale and Personal Information S...

Murat Balk?s; Erdinç Duru

2012-01-01

136

Self-Esteem and Attitudes toward Love in Abused and Non-Abused Women.  

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This study sought to identify personality differences in abused versus non-abused women. Abused women (N=25) were from several centers for abused women and non-abused women (N=39) were students in evening psychology classes. All subjects completed Rubin's Love Scale, the abbreviated Dominance and Romanticism Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale,…

Chambliss, Catherine; And Others

137

Self-concept, self-esteem, gender, race, and information technology use.  

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This research addressed two fundamental questions regarding self-concept, self-esteem, gender, race, and information technology use. First, is technology use related to dimensions of self-concept and/or to self-esteem? Second, are there gender and/or race differences in self-concept, self-esteem, and technology use? Five hundred youth, average age 12 years old, one third African American and two thirds Caucasian American, completed multidimensional measures of self-concept, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale, and measures of frequency of Internet use, Internet use for communication (e-mail and instant messaging), video game playing, and cell phone use. Findings indicated that technology use predicted dimensions of self-concept and self-esteem, with video game playing having a negative influence and Internet use having a positive influence on self-concept dimensions. Gender differences were observed on several self-concept dimensions, but contrary to expectations, girls did not score higher than boys in social self-concept. Only one race difference was observed: African Americans had lower behavioral self-concept than did Caucasian Americans. Implications of the benefits and liabilities of youth's current and projected technology use are discussed. PMID:19514819

Jackson, Linda A; Zhao, Yong; Witt, Edward A; Fitzgerald, Hiram E; von Eye, Alexander; Harold, Rena

2009-08-01

138

Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Spiritual Well-Being and Self-Esteem of Cancer Patients  

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The aim of the study was to investigate the potential of Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy (RCBT) for improvement of spiritual well-being and self-esteem in patients. Five patients received the therapy over three sessions. The patients received RCBT consisting of reminiscence therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. They completed the FACIT-Sp, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem scale, numeric rating scales for Suffering (from 0 to 6) and Depression (from 0 to 6). The FACIT-Sp scores increased fr...

Tatsuya Morita; Akira Oshima; Michiyo Ando

2011-01-01

139

Self-Esteem, Shame and Personal Motivation  

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The available evidence from numerous studies in psychology suggests that overconfidence is a much more important phenomenon in North America than in Japan. Relatedly, North Americans appear to view high self-esteem much more positively than Japanese. The pattern is reversed when it comes to shame, a social emotion which appears to play a much more important role among Japanese than North Americans. We develop an economic model that endogenizes these observed differences, and...

Dessi, Roberta; Zhao, Xiaojian

2011-01-01

140

FMT, Intrinsic Motivation and Self-esteem  

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This essay presents a brief history of Music Therapy and describes the background, method and thinking behind Functionally-oriented Music Therapy – FMT. The essay includes two case studies describing my work with two clients during the last year of my training to become an FMT therapist. The topics explored are intrinsic (inner) motivation and self-esteem in the context of functional development in school children.  The research question for the essay is to discuss whether Functionally-ori...

Smith, Christine

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Self-esteem and Ability Grouping: a Hong Kong investigation of the Big Fish Little Pond Effect  

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The aim of this paper was to test the strength of the relationships between student self-esteem, and the ability group of the school band and class stream they attend, as well as their self-perceived academic performance in a non-Western context. Responses of 280 Hong Kong secondary school students to the Chinese Adolescent Self-Esteem Scale were analysed by Performance × Stream × Band Multivariate Analysis of Variance. Statistically significant main effects for Performance and Stream, but ...

Wong, Msw; Watkins, Da

2001-01-01

142

An investigation of the relationship between childhood trauma experince of adolescents and the anger expression styles, self -esteem, life satisfaction  

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The aim of study is to investigate the relationship between childhood traumatic experience of adolescents and the anger expression styles, self-esteem and life satisfaction. The study conducted on 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th grade students, the age range 14-18. The sample consisted of 210 female (46%), 240 male (53%) total 450 adolescents. To collect data “Childhood Trauma Questionnaire”, “State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory”, “Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale” “Satisfaction of Life...

Ay?e Rezan Çeçen Ero?ul; Salibe Bilge Türk

2013-01-01

143

EXAMINING HOW WHEELCHAIR BASKETBALL PLAYERS’ SELF-ESTEEM AND MOTIVATION LEVELS IMPACT ON THEIR STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY LEVELS  

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The purpose of the study was to examine how wheelchair basketball players’ self-esteem and motivation levels impact on their state and trait anxiety levels. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Sport Motivation Scale and STAI (State Trait Anxiety Inventory) were applied to the athletes before a competition. Data were collected from 124 athletes with disabilities. In this study, descriptive statistical techniques, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis (enter m...

Hakan Kolayis

2012-01-01

144

Impact of Value Structure on Brand Engagement Depending on Degree of Self-Esteem of Adolescents  

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Full Text Available This research demonstrates the relationship between the brand engagement, depending on the structure of values and level of self-esteem in adolescents. The research methods was used: Rosenberg´s Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 1992, 1994, 1999, Brand engagement (Sprott, Czellar, Spangenberg, 2009. The final outcomes showed differences, as well as a certain correlation between the values, which are attributed to adolescents, and engagement attributed to brand. Cultural values are identified as influential factors for the brand engagement perception of the importance of adolescents depending on their level of self-esteem. Research shows the importance of recognition of the values for understanding and foresight of relations between values and attitudes towards brands, which reflect both their behavior and their social experience. The result provides recommendations for marketing communication to easier identification of compatible and antagonistic values, which adolescents associate with a brand.

Blandína Šramová

2013-08-01

145

Self-concept, self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms in persons with intellectual disability.  

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The purpose of this study is two-fold: (a) to analyze self-concept, self-esteem, and psychopathological symptoms in individuals with and without intellectual disability; and (b) to explore whether there were gender differences in these same variables in both groups. The sample is made up of 170 participants aged 19 to 40, 128 without disability and 42 with intellectual disability. The methodology is descriptive. To measure the variables, three assessment instruments were applied: the "Listado de adjetivos para la evaluaci6n del autoconcepto en adolescentes y adultos" (LAEA; Garaigordobil, in press), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE; Rosenberg, 1965), and the Revised Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90; Derogatis, 1983). The ANOVA showed that participants with intellectual disability scored significantly lower in self-concept and self-esteem, and higher in all the psychopathological symptoms except for somatization. The ANOVA did not reveal significant gender differences in any variables in either of the two groups. PMID:17549887

Garaigordobil, Maite; Pérez, José Ignacio

2007-05-01

146

State Self-Esteem in Relation to Weight Locus of Control amongst Adolescents  

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The current society emphasizes physical appearance and physical fitness. Individual's self-esteem has been shown to be linked with physical appearance. Methods: A random sample comprising of 100 male and 100 female (N = 200) adolescents was selected. The subjects were administered the Current Thoughts Scale and the Dieting Beliefs Scale for…

Rattan, Neelam; Kang, Shirin; Thakur, Nisha; Parthi, Komila

2006-01-01

147

Adlerian Parent Education: Changes in Parents' Attitudes and Behaviors, and Childrens' Self-Esteem.  

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Assessed effectiveness of Adlerian parent study groups in facilitating democratic parental attitudes and behavior toward children and determined whether children's self-esteem increased with this kind of parental education. Reliability of measurement scales was assessed. Data indicated high reliability for the scales and beneficial aspects of the…

Hinkle, Dennis E.; And Others

1980-01-01

148

Depression and its Correlation with Self-esteem and Social Support among Iranian University Students  

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Full Text Available "nObjective: Considering the effects of the level of social support and self-esteem as risk factors in the onset and continuation of depression, the purpose of the current study (in addition to studying the demographic items of depression was to investigate the correlation between depression and level of social support and self-esteem in Iranian university students studying non medical majors. "nMethod: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic research carried out on the students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in 2006. Self administered questionnaires on socio-demographic information (age, gender, marital status, and educational level, Eysenk self-esteem scale, Beck Depression Inventory and Cassidy social support scale were randomly given out to students who were selected by multi stage randomized sampling. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 14 using the ?2-test. "nResults: 1200 students responded to the anonymous questionnaires. A total of 57.2% of the participants had depression (36.3% mild, 14.4% moderate and 6.5% severe. Depression was significantly higher in males, singles and in 25-29-year-old students. Results showed that 9.4%, 18.3% and 72.3% of the participants reported low, moderate and high levels of social support respectively. 1.8% and 6.3% of the participants reported low and moderate levels of self-esteem respectively; while 91.9% reported high levels of self-esteem. "nConclusion: Depression has a higher rate in non-medical university students of Iran than general population. Levels of social support and self-esteem were negatively associated with frequency of depression.

Amir Rezaei Ardani

2009-02-01

149

Body Image and Self-Esteem in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The study was conducted in order to investigate the effect of disease-related variables, such as socio-demographic characteristics, disease complaints, and necrosis factor (anti-TNF use, on the body image and self-esteem in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: The data was collected by an Introductory Information Form, Body Image Scale (PfP BIS and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI in 120 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and in 120 healthy control group. One-way analysis of variance, Tukey HDS analysis, t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, the Mann-Whitney U test, and Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used to compare the data.Results: 60% of controls aged 20-44 years, 75% were women and 30.8% had bachelor’s degree or above, while 60% of patients aged between 20 and 44 years, 71.7% were women and 36.7% had bachelor’s or higher education. We observed that the body satisfaction and self-esteem were higher in 20-44 age group, in those with bachelor’s or higher education, without additional disease, and do not use anti-TNF; while the body satisfaction and self-esteem were lower in those receiving treatment over 5 years, with changes in hand and body and with gait disturbance, and with changes in family and working life.Conclusion: The assessment of the psychosocial needs with a holistic approach and training programs for body image and self-esteem would be advisable for patients with rheumatoid arthritis who are aged 45-59 years, with low self-esteem, with additional disease, using anti-TNF, with changes in hand and body, and with primary-school education. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2013; 50: 202-208 Conflict of interest: The authors report ed no conflict of interest related to this article

Emine KURT

2013-09-01

150

The association of self-esteem, depression and body satisfaction with obesity among Turkish adolescents  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and to examine the effects of actual weight status, perceived weight status and body satisfaction on self-esteem and depression in a high school population in Turkey. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 2101 tenth-grade Turkish adolescents aged 15–18 was conducted. Body mass index (BMI was calculated using weight and height measures. The overweight and obesity were based on the age- and gender-spesific BMI cut-off points of the International Obesity Task Force values. Self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and depression was measured using Children's Depression Inventory. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine relationships among the variables. Results Based on BMI cut-off points, 9.0% of the students were overweight and 1.1% were obese. Logistic regression analysis indicated that (1 being male and being from a higher socio-economical level were important in the prediction of overweight based on BMI; (2 being female and being from a higher socio-economical level were important in the prediction of perceived overweight; (3 being female was important in the prediction of body dissatisfaction; (4 body dissatisfaction was related to low self-esteem and depression, perceived overweight was related only to low self-esteem but actual overweight was not related to low self-esteem and depression in adolescents. Conclusion The results of this study suggest that school-based adolescents in urban Turkey have a lower risk of overweight and obesity than adolescents in developed countries. The findings of this study suggest that psychological well-being of adolescents is more related to body satisfaction than actual and perceived weight status is.

Sen Nesrin

2007-05-01

151

COMPARISON OF SELF-ESTEEM SCORES OF INDIVIDUAL AND TEAM SPORT ATHLETES AND NON-ATHLETES  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to determine whether there is any difference between self esteem scores of individuals who engaged in individual & team sports and non-athletes. Furthermore, self-esteem scores associated with age group, gender and years of playing experience variables were examined to determine the differences. Focus group consists of 304 athletes & nonathletes of 13–20 years old individuals living in Ankara, Istanbul and Sakarya. Rosenberg's self-esteem scale was used to measure the self-esteem scores of individuals. The research data were analyzed by SPSS software. According to the results of the study, there was no significant difference between self-esteem scores of athletes and non-athletes. The same result was obtained for individual & team sport athletes and non-athletes, too. In addition, no statistically significant difference was found according to gender variable. The correlation of self-esteem scores of individuals between 13–16 and 17–20 years old was found to be statistically significant (p=0.000. Furthermore, the years of playing experience variable showed significant difference between group-1 (1-5 years of playing experience;X =19.23 and group-3 (10-14 years of playing experience; X=21.73 in favor of group-3; as well as between group-2 (6-9 years of playing experience; X=19.15 and group-3 (10-14 years of playing experience; X=21.73, also in favor of group-3.

Nur ÇA?LAYAN

2012-12-01

152

Dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents / Estética dental y autoestima en adolescentes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Investigar la relación entre estética dental y autoestima en adolescentes. Métodos: La muestra de 387 adolescentes entre 13 y 16 años seleccionados aleatoriamente de los colegios de educación secundaria. Se realizó un examen clínico para evaluar la estética dental a través del Dental Aesth [...] etic Index (DAI). La autoestima se valoró usando la Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale. El análisis estadístico incluyó medidas descriptivas y una comparación de medias realizadas a través de las pruebas t-Student y ANOVA. El DAI se correlacionó con la Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale por medio del coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. Los datos recolectados se analizaron en el programa SPSS versión 17. Resultados: La media de DAI fue 34.2 (DE=14.2) y de autoestima de 22.6 (DE=4.6). El grupo de estrato socio-económico (SES) bajo tuvo los niveles más altos de DAI y los más bajos de autoestima. Una pequeña pero significativa correlación negativa se encontró entre los niveles del DAI y la Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale (r=-0.1; p0.05). En relación con género, en mujeres se encontró una pequeña correlación negativa (r=-0.14; p0.05). Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos por esta investigación pueden mejorar el entendimiento de cómo la correlación de estética dental y autoestima podría fluctuar debido a la variabilidad del SES. Abstract in english Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents. Methods: The sample was 387 randomly selected high school adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. A clinical examination to evaluate dental aesthetics was conducted usin [...] g the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Self-esteem was assessed with the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included a descriptive analysis and means comparison, which was made through t-Student and ANOVA tests. DAI was correlated to Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale with Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed by using the SPSS program version 17. Results: The mean DAI score was 34.2 (SD=14.2) and self-esteem was 22.6 (SD=4.6). The low socioeconomic status (SES) group had the highest levels of DAI and the lowest levels of self-esteem. A weak, but statistically significant, negative correlation was found between DAI scores and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (r=-0.1, p0.05). Regarding gender, in female individuals a negative weak correlation (r=-0.14, p0.05). Conclusions: The outcomes generated by this investigation can improve our understanding of how the correlation between dental aesthetics and self-esteem may fluctuate because of the SES variability.

Ana Cristina, Mafla; Edwin Gerardo, Luna; Nubia Rocío, Sánchez; David Alexander, Barrera; Ginna Mabel, Muñoz.

153

A randomized control trial of the effect of yoga on Gunas (personality and Self esteem in normal healthy volunteers  

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Full Text Available Background/Aims: To study the efficacy of yoga on Gunas (personality and self esteem in normal adults through a randomized comparative study. Materials and Methods: Of the 1228 persons who attended motivational lectures, 226 subjects aged 18-71 years, of both sexes, who satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and who consented to participate in the study were randomly allocated into two groups. The Yoga (Y group practised an integrated yoga module that included asanas, pranayama, meditation, notional correction, and devotional sessions. The comparison group practised mild to moderate physical exercises (PE. Both groups had supervised practices for one hour daily, six days a week, for eight weeks. Guna (personality was assessed before and after eight weeks using the self-administered "The ?Gita" Inventory of Personality" (GIN to assess Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas . Self esteem in terms of competency (COM, global self esteem (GSE, moral and self esteem (MSE, social esteem (SET, family self esteem (FSE, body and physical appearance (BPA, and the lie scale (LIS were assessed using the self esteem questionnaire (SEQ. Results: The baseline scores for all domains for both the groups did not differ significantly ( P > 0.05 independent samples t-test. There were significant pre-post improvements in all domains in both groups ( P < 0.001 paired t-test. The number of persons who showed improvement in Sattva and decrease in Tamas was significant in the Y but not in the PE group (McNemar test. The effect size for self esteem in the Y group is greater than for the PE group in three out of seven domains. Conclusions: This randomized controlled study has shown the influence of Yoga on Gunas and self esteem in comparison to physical exercise.

Deshpande Sudheer

2009-01-01

154

Quality of life and self-esteem in patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinomas: long-term results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Cancer is a multifactorial disease and skin carcinomas are the most common type of cancer. Assessing quality of life and self-esteem outcomes in skin cancer patients is important because these are indicators of the results of the treatment, translating how patients face their lives and [...] their personal relationships. OBJECTIVE: To assess the late impact of the surgical treatment of head and/or neck skin carcinomas on quality of life and self-esteem of the patients. METHODS: Fifty patients with head or neck skin carcinomas were enrolled. Their age ranged between 30 and 75 years, 27 were men and 23 were women. Patients were assessed with regard to quality of life and self-esteem, preoperatively and five years postoperatively. Validated instruments were used: the MOS 36-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem/EPM-UNIFESP Scale. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients completed the five-year follow-up, 54.5% women and 45.5% men. Compared to the preoperative assessment, patients had an improvement in mental health (p=0.011) and in self-esteem (p=0.002). There was no statistical difference with regard to the other domains of the SF-36. CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinoma improved mental health and self-esteem in the late postsurgical testing.

Paula Curitiba, Maciel; Joel, Veiga-Filho; Marcelo Prado de, Carvalho; Fernando Elias Martins, Fonseca; Lydia Masako, Ferreira; Daniela Francescato, Veiga.

2014-07-01

155

Quality of life and self-esteem in patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinomas: long-term results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Cancer is a multifactorial disease and skin carcinomas are the most common type of cancer. Assessing quality of life and self-esteem outcomes in skin cancer patients is important because these are indicators of the results of the treatment, translating how patients face their lives and [...] their personal relationships. OBJECTIVE: To assess the late impact of the surgical treatment of head and/or neck skin carcinomas on quality of life and self-esteem of the patients. METHODS: Fifty patients with head or neck skin carcinomas were enrolled. Their age ranged between 30 and 75 years, 27 were men and 23 were women. Patients were assessed with regard to quality of life and self-esteem, preoperatively and five years postoperatively. Validated instruments were used: the MOS 36-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem/EPM-UNIFESP Scale. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients completed the five-year follow-up, 54.5% women and 45.5% men. Compared to the preoperative assessment, patients had an improvement in mental health (p=0.011) and in self-esteem (p=0.002). There was no statistical difference with regard to the other domains of the SF-36. CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinoma improved mental health and self-esteem in the late postsurgical testing.

Paula Curitiba, Maciel; Joel, Veiga-Filho; Marcelo Prado de, Carvalho; Fernando Elias Martins, Fonseca; Lydia Masako, Ferreira; Daniela Francescato, Veiga.

156

Explaining Method Effects Associated with Negatively Worded Items in Trait and State Global and Domain-Specific Self-Esteem Scales  

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Several investigators have interpreted method effects associated with negatively worded items in a substantive way. This research extends those studies in different ways: (a) it establishes the presence of methods effects in further populations and particular scales, and (b) it examines the possible relations between a method factor associated…

Tomas, Jose M.; Oliver, Amparo; Galiana, Laura; Sancho, Patricia; Lila, Marisol

2013-01-01

157

General self-esteem and locus of control of young sportsmen  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with the relationship between some elements of self-concept (general self-esteem and locus of control and going in for sport in adolescence. The relationship between going in for sport and variables of self-concept (general self-esteem and external locus of control was investigated in a sample of 300 adolescent boys and girls (150 sportsmen and 150 non-sportsmen. Modification of the Rosenberg’s General self-esteem scale and Bezinovi?-Sav?i?’s Scale of externality were used to measure variables of self-concept. The significant positive correlation between variables of going in for sport and general selfesteem, as well as negative ones between variables of going in for sport and external locus of control were found in the whole sample of subjects and in the sample of boys, but not of girls. The sex role stereotypes and greater importance that the culture puts on success in sport for boys have contributed to such results. The sex differences in correlations between variables of self-concept and going in for sport suggest that going in for sport influences general self-esteem and locus of control in adolescents through social feedback and social evaluation of sport achievement and physical fitness. .

Gaši?-Paviši? Slobodanka

2006-01-01

158

Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Spiritual Well-Being and Self-Esteem of Cancer Patients  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the potential of Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy (RCBT for improvement of spiritual well-being and self-esteem in patients. Five patients received the therapy over three sessions. The patients received RCBT consisting of reminiscence therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. They completed the FACIT-Sp, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem scale, numeric rating scales for Suffering (from 0 to 6 and Depression (from 0 to 6. The FACIT-Sp scores increased from 19.2 ± 4.6 to 26 ± 1.6 (Z = –1.8, p = 0.078, n = 5, the Self-Esteem scores significantly increased from 40.0 ± 2.5 to 45.2 ± 2.4 (Z = –2.0, p = 0.042, the Suffering scores decreased from 3.6 ± 2.0 to 2.0 (Z = –1.5, p = 0.13, and the Depression scores decreased from 2.8 ± 2.2 to 1.8 ± 0.8 (Z = –0.9, p = 0.357. These results suggest that RCBT can improve the spiritual well-being and self-esteem of cancer patients.

Tatsuya Morita

2011-06-01

159

Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Self Esteem of Women in Pakistan  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of intimate partner on the self esteem of women .Since this was a very sensitive area henceforth the triangulation method was used for in-depth study A purposeful sampling was applied after the screening of the participants with the help of HITS (Kevin The sample included 118 abused women and 98 of them were not abused. The instruments were translated into the native language to commune well with the participants. Both the scales i.e. HITS (Kevin, and Rosenberg self-esteem scales, were translated. The Qualitative Findings suggest that factors like economic dependence, insecurity social pressures, were the general themes concluded from the transcripts for the low self esteem of an abused women .The Quantitative data analysis indicated that the self esteem of the psychologically and physically abused was more shattered then the not abused women the t-test calculated and found to be significant as p <.05 There was one major limitation related to the size and representation from all the provinces to draw a clear view of the situation. This study can help in identifying the vulnerability level of women for future pathology and assist in developing a program for the rehabilitation of the victims by removing the barriers and helping them to cope well.

Qudsia Tariq

2013-05-01

160

Burnout and stress, depression and self-esteem of teachers.  

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33 teachers from one institutional school setting and 59 teachers from three north central school districts volunteered to complete and return Beck's Depression Scale, the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory--Adult Form, Stress Profile for Teachers, and the Staff Burnout Scale for Mental Health Professionals. Analysis of variance (2 x 2) for teaching level (grade and high school) by sex showed those teaching regular classrooms is grade school experienced less burnout and stress than did high school teachers. There was no sex difference. In the institutional setting there was a significant difference on burnout scores between men and women who taught high school; their scores were higher than those of the male grade school teachers. Burnout lie scores were also significantly higher for female high school teachers than for both male and female grade school teachers. Scores on stress were significantly higher for male high school teachers than for both female high school teachers and male grade school teachers. PMID:1480718

Beer, J; Beer, J

1992-12-01

 
 
 
 
161

Low Self-Esteem: Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy  

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This article will describe a self-esteem cognitive behavioural therapy group run with adults with learning disabilities. The aim is to show how a group of this nature can be organized and run, using theory to inform practice. An introduction to the concept of self esteem will be given and then explored in relation to adults with learning…

Whelan, Anne; Haywood, Pennie; Galloway, Scott

2007-01-01

162

Sports Competition and Its Influence on Self-Esteem Development.  

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Examined effect of competition on development of self-esteem among 201 participants in a recreational basketball league. Found that coach's assessments of ability and intention of participation were important factors in positive self-esteem development. Social aspects of peer interaction and parent influence also contributed to positive…

Hines, Scott; Groves, David L.

1989-01-01

163

Psychosocial Predictors of Taiwanese Secondary Students' Self-Esteem  

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This study investigated the relationships between psychosocial factors and self-esteem for 1,672 Taiwanese senior high school students (779 boys, 893 girls). Students from Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, completed a Chinese version of the Secondary Student Questionnaire (SSQ), which measures self-esteem, depression, anxiety, stereotyped thinking,…

Hong, Zuway-R; Veach, Patricia McCarthy; Lawrenz, Frances

2004-01-01

164

Achievement and Self Esteem Implications of Self Presentation.  

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The role of achievement needs in self-evaluation has been relatively neglected. To examine ability evaluation through social comparison when achievement or self-esteem needs are salient, students (N=102) were given bogus (favorable or unfavorable) ability feedback to manipulate the need for self-esteem maintenance. Achievement motivation was…

Michener, Susan E.

165

Low Self-Esteem of Psychotherapy Patients: A Qualitative Inquiry  

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In this article, the story of 11 male psychotherapeutic patients with low self-esteem is told within the context of the research process. The literature suggests that the concept of "self-esteem" has a significant influence on the way an individual experiences his/her world. Therefore, the meaning that the psychotherapeutic patients associated…

van Zyl, Jacob D.; Cronje, Elsje M.; Payze, Catharine

2006-01-01

166

Trajectories of Global Self-Esteem Development during Adolescence  

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Based on data from a 17-year longitudinal study of 1083 adolescents, from the ages of 13 to 30 years, the average development of self-reported global self-esteem was found to be high and stable during adolescence. However, there is considerable inter-individual variance in baseline and development of global self-esteem. This study used latent…

Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Melkevik, Ole; Holsen, Ingrid; Wold, Bente

2012-01-01

167

Visual Impairment and Its Impact on Self-Esteem  

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The aims of the study were to investigate self-esteem levels amongst a sample group of 60 children with Visual Impairment (VI). The group was made up of equal numbers of boys and girls from primary and secondary schools. Each child's self-esteem was measured using the BG STEEM Questionnaire (Maines and Robinson, 1993). The results showed that…

Bowen, Jayne

2010-01-01

168

Self-Esteem and Facial Attractiveness in Learning Disabled Children.  

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A total of 55 learning-disabled children ages 8 to 13 years completed a self-esteem measure, and photographs of their faces were rated for attractiveness by adults and peers. Found relationships between children's facial attractiveness and self-esteem and between adult and peer ratings of facial attractiveness. Found no gender differences in…

Cooper, Patricia S.

1993-01-01

169

Improving self-esteem by improving physical attractiveness.  

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Many characteristics comprise a person's personality: achievement orientation, interest to be sociable, aggressiveness, need for order, disposition, and so on. One of the most important personality characteristics in every person's life is self-esteem, which can be defined in terms of cognitive generalizations derived from past experiences. Since people are not isolated from their environment, a person's experiences impact his or her self-esteem. Since a person's physical attractiveness is known to be a major factor in his or her experiences, it is logical (as well as empirically documented) to be a substantial influence on self-esteem. The research shows that improving a physical trait improves attitude, personality, and self-esteem. Likewise, improving physical attractiveness improves interpersonal interactions. These more positive interactions are internalized intrapersonally (within a person), with direct, corresponding impact on the person's self-esteem. PMID:9468878

Patzer, G L

1997-01-01

170

RELAT?ONSH?P BETWEEN EP?STEMOLOG?CAL BEL?EFS AND SELF-ESTEEM OF PHYS?CAL EDUCAT?ON TEACHER CAND?DATES  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine epistemological beliefs and self-esteem physical education teacher candidate, and also to examine effect of epistemological beliefs on self-esteem. A total of 344 respondents (149 (%43.3 females and 195 (%56.7 males participated to the study. Self-Esteem Scale and Epistemological Beliefs Scale were used to determine physical education candidate’ self-esteem and epistemological beliefs levels, respectively. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t test, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze data. According to analysis, there was a moderate-level, negative and meaningful difference between self-esteem and epistemological beliefs scale of two subscales (The belief that learning depends on effort and the belief that learning depends on ability. But, there was no relationship between self-esteem and the belief that there is only one right answer subscale. In addition, the belief that learning depends on effort and the belief that learning depends on ability was negative and significant predictor of self esteem.

Murat ÖZ?EKER

2011-08-01

171

Religious and spiritual beliefs, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression among nursing students.  

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Research of the role of religious belief and/or spirituality has been conducted on a wide range of health-related topics, across many disciplines, and in many countries. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between religious beliefs, self-esteem, anxiety, and depression in nursing students in Cyprus. One hundred and twenty-three nursing students were asked to complete a survey consisting of four self-report questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, The Royal Free Interview for Religious and Spiritual Beliefs, and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale). The lowest levels of depression were observed in the third and fourth study year. Normal self-esteem levels were found in the majority of the students (71.3%) and most of them perceived current stress at mild levels. No significant differences on the basis of sex were observed. The vast majority (98.2%) of the students stated a strong religious and/or a spiritual belief that was strongly positively correlated with increased self-esteem and negatively correlated with depression, current stress, and stress as personality trait. PMID:24102942

Papazisis, Georgios; Nicolaou, Panagiotis; Tsiga, Evangelia; Christoforou, Theodora; Sapountzi-Krepia, Despina

2014-06-01

172

Sweets, sex, or self-esteem? Comparing the value of self-esteem boosts with other pleasant rewards.  

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Many people ascribe great value to self-esteem, but how much value? Do people value self-esteem more than other pleasant activities, such as eating sweets and having sex? Two studies of college students (Study 1: N=130; Study 2: N=152) showed that people valued boosts to their self-esteem more than they valued eating a favorite food and engaging in a favorite sexual activity. Study 2 also showed that people valued self-esteem more than they valued drinking alcohol, receiving a paycheck, and seeing a best friend. Both studies found that people who highly valued self-esteem engaged in laboratory tasks to boost their self-esteem. Finally, personality variables interacted with these value ratings. Entitled people thought they were more deserving of all pleasant rewards, even though they did not like them all that much (both studies), and people who highly value self-esteem pursued potentially maladaptive self-image goals, presumably to elevate their self-esteem (Study 2). PMID:21950264

Bushman, Brad J; Moeller, Scott J; Crocker, Jennifer

2011-10-01

173

Sweets, Sex, or Self-Esteem? Comparing the Value of Self-Esteem Boosts with Other Pleasant Rewards  

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Many people ascribe great value to self-esteem, but how much value? Do people value self-esteem more than other pleasant activities, such as eating sweets and having sex? Two studies of college students (Study 1: N=130; Study 2: N=152) showed that people valued boosts to their self-esteem more than they valued eating a favorite food and engaging in a favorite sexual activity. Study 2 also showed that people valued self-esteem more than they valued drinking alcohol, receiving a paycheck, and seeing a best friend. Both studies found that people who highly valued self-esteem engaged in laboratory tasks to boost their self-esteem. Finally, personality variables interacted with these value ratings. Entitled people thought they were more deserving of all pleasant rewards, even though they did not like them all that much (both studies); and people who highly value self-esteem pursue potentially maladaptive self-image goals, presumably to elevate their self-esteem (Study 2). PMID:21950264

Bushman, Brad J.; Moeller, Scott J.; Crocker, Jennifer

2011-01-01

174

Self-Concept, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: Strategies for Maintaining Self-Esteem in Students Experiencing Academic Failure  

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Previous research into the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement shows that despite differences in academic self-evaluation, students' global self-representations do not differ as a result of their grades at school. In this study, we will analyse the strategies that underachievers used to maintain their self-esteem at an…

Peixoto, Francisco; Almeida, Leandro S.

2010-01-01

175

The self-esteem, autonomy level of the elderly staying in the rest homes and the relation between two variables  

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Full Text Available Aim. Self-esteem and autonomy are the concepts that are very important in old age. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the self-esteem and autonomy level of the elderly staying in the rest homes and the relation between them. Methods. The sample of the study was composed of a total 80 old people living in the two rest homes in the centre of Sivas city. The data have been obtained by using Personal Information Form prepared by the researchers depending on the literature and directed to determining the socio-demographic qualities of the elderly people, Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory (SEI and “General Autonomy (GA” part of Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale (SAS. Results. According to the findings of the study, self-esteem mean score of the elderly is 37.35±2.25 and general autonomy mean score is 52.07±11.00. In our study we found statistically significant l differences between the elderly people’s SEI mean score and their marital status, and also between their independent decision ability and their SEI and GA mean scores (p<0.05. Conclusion. When it has been taken into consideration that the score range of Self-Esteem Inventory is 0-100 and that of Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale is 0-120, it can be said that self-esteem and autonomy levels of the elderly included in our study are low. aAweak positive relation was found between the SEI and GA mean score of the elderly (r=0.418, p<0.05. In this context, as the self-esteem levels of the elderly taking part in the study decrease, the autonomy levels also decrease.

?erife Karagözo?lu

2013-06-01

176

Secure and defensive high self-esteem.  

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Long-standing theories have suggested high self-esteem (SE) can assume qualitatively different forms that are related to defensiveness. The authors explored whether some high-SE individuals are particularly defensive because they harbor negative self-feelings at less conscious levels, indicated by low implicit SE. In Study 1, participants high in explicit SE but low in implicit SE showed the highest levels of narcissism--an indicator of defensiveness. In Studies 2 and 3, the correspondence between implicit and explicit SE predicted defensive behavior (in-group bias in Study 2 and dissonance reduction in Study 3), such that for high explicit-SE participants, those with relatively low implicit SE behaved more defensively. These results are consistent with the idea that high SE can be relatively secure or defensive. PMID:14599258

Jordan, Christian H; Spencer, Steven J; Zanna, Mark P; Hoshino-Browne, Etsuko; Correll, Joshua

2003-11-01

177

The Self-Esteem of Rural Children  

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Full Text Available The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children’s self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children’s self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children’s feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher than metropolitan norms. Rural children display the same decrement in self-ratings of physical appearance as they grow older—girls more so than boys—as do urban children. Rural and urban boys rate themselves higher in athletic competence than girls. The impact of rural/urban differences on children may be less marked than suspected.

Yang, R. K.

2007-06-01

178

Modulation of Self-Esteem in Self- and Other-Evaluations Primed by Subliminal and Supraliminal Faces  

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Background Past research examining implicit self-evaluation often manipulated self-processing as task-irrelevant but presented self-related stimuli supraliminally. Even when tested with more indirect methods, such as the masked priming paradigm, participants' responses may still be subject to conscious interference. Our study primed participants with either their own or someone else's face, and adopted a new paradigm to actualize strict face-suppression to examine participants' subliminal self-evaluation. In addition, we investigated how self-esteem modulates one's implicit self-evaluation and validated the role of awareness in creating the discrepancy on past findings between measures of implicit self-evaluation and explicit self-esteem. Methodology/Principal Findings Participants' own face or others' faces were subliminally presented with a Continuous Flash Suppression (CFS) paradigm in Experiment 1, but supraliminally presented in Experiment 2, followed by a valence judgment task of personality adjectives. Participants also completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in each experiment. Results from Experiment 1 showed a typical bias of self-positivity among participants with higher self-esteem, but only a marginal self-positivity bias and a significant other-positivity bias among those with lower self-esteem. However, self-esteem had no modulating effect in Experiment 2: All participants showed the self-positivity bias. Conclusions/Significance Our results provide direct evidence that self-evaluation manifests in different ways as a function of awareness between individuals with different self-views: People high and low in self-esteem may demonstrate different automatic reactions in the subliminal evaluations of the self and others; but the involvement of consciousness with supraliminally presented stimuli may reduce this dissociation. PMID:23091607

Tao, Ran; Zhang, Shen; Li, Qi; Geng, Haiyan

2012-01-01

179

The relationship between self-esteem and depression in obese children.  

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It has been suggested that obese children have increased problems with self-esteem and depression when compared to the normal pediatric population. Fifty-one consecutive patients enrolled in a hospital based weight management program received the CDI and the PHSCS as part of their initial evaluation. There were 24 males and 27 females with ages ranging from 5-17 years and BMI (kg/m2) of 22-63 (mean 33.3). Results of the CDI were classified into three groups. Children with CDI scores greater than 13 were classified as depressed (n = 16). Scores between 9 and 12 were considered borderline depression (n = 11). Scores less than 9 were considered normal (n = 24). The children in the depressed and borderline groups were significantly different from the children in the normal group in their level of self-esteem. As depression increased, self-esteem decreased, indicating an inverse relationship between self-esteem and depression. Depressed and borderline depressed children were also more anxious (i.e., nervous, worried) and had more perceived behavior problems (increased frequency of punishment, difficulty obeying orders) than the normal group. They also had fewer interests in school and felt their physical appearance was not acceptable. The depressed group's scores were significantly lower on the happiness and popularity scales of the PHSCS than the normal group. Scores on the CDI did not correlate with age, race, sex, Tanner stage, socioeconomic status, or body mass index. In this study obese pediatric patients showed significant depression and lowered self-esteem.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8267330

Sheslow, D; Hassink, S; Wallace, W; DeLancey, E

1993-10-29

180

The Mediating Effects of Self-Esteem and Optimism on the Relationship between Quality of Life and Depressive Symptoms of Breast Cancer Patients  

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Objective This study investigated the mediating effects of the internal psychological factors of self-esteem and optimism on the relationship between breast cancer patients' quality of life in terms of symptoms and functioning and depressive symptoms. Methods The study centered on 384 breast cancer patients who had within a 24-month period received diagnosis of 0-4 stage cancer and had medical treatment. To achieve the study's purpose, the study made use of EORTC QLQ BR23, CES-D, and the Self-Esteem and Optimism Scales. Results Findings revealed that breast cancer patients' quality of life was negatively impacted by self-esteem and optimism, and that self-esteem and optimism impacted negatively on depressive symptoms. Analyses showed that when breast cancer patients' quality of life affects depressive symptoms, the full mediation effect of self-esteem was statistically significant. Also, findings revealed there to be a significant partial mediation effect due to optimism. Conclusion Study findings demonstrated that enhancing self-esteem is crucial in the psychological intervention of depressive symptoms because self-esteem functioned as the main causal factor accounting for all variation when breast cancer patients' quality of life affected depressive symptoms. In addition, results suggested that optimism is also vital to psychological intervention because it functioned as partial cause of heightened depressive symptoms when breast cancer patients' quality of life affected depressive symptoms.

Cho, Young Kyung

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

SELF-ESTEEM OF THE CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES  

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Full Text Available The term ‘self-esteem’refer to overall level of self-evaluation or self-regard. It is an evaluative measure of attitudes toward the self in social, academic, family, and personal areas of experience. Within the self-esteem literature, there has been mixed empirical support for the relationship between self-esteem and performance. In this study, researcher has studied whether the children with learning disabilities (LD differ significantly in their self-esteem from the children without learning disabilities (NC. Data was collected from 6th class 725 children of six schools. Out of these 725 children, 98 LD were identified and classified into three groups on the basis of their intelligence scores. Also, 98 NC were matched with the 98 LD on the basis of intelligence score, gender; class and school. The Self-esteem Inventory (SEI – school form – was administered which consists of fifty-eight items yielding scores on General Self (SEGEN; Social Self-Peers (SESOC; Home-Parents (SEH; School-Academic (SESCH and Total score (SET along with lie score. Though there are no gender differences on self-esteem among children with learning disabilities (LD, findings reveal that LD have lower mean scores on all the dimensions of SEI as compared to the children without learning disabilities (NC. Also, the significant mean differentials between NC and LD on SESOC and SET indicate that the LD has significantly lower social-peer self-esteem and significantly lower overall self-esteem as compared to the NC. These findings stress the need to enhance the self-esteem of these children by making them feel good about themselves.

Kuldeep Kaur

2014-09-01

182

The direct and indirect role of self esteem and procrastination in the relation to fear of failure and self worth  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect role of self esteem and procrastination in the relation between fear of failure and self worth. The participants were 279 students who study different major fields at the Faculty of Education in Pamukkale University. Age range varied from 19 to 34. In this study, Tuckman Procrastination Inventory, Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, Activate and Success Based Self Worth Scale, Concern over Mistakes Scale and Personal Information Sheet were used to gather data. Results showed that procrastination had partial mediating effect in relation to fear of failure; performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability. In other words, the effect of fear of failure on the performance based self worth and self worth vulnerability was decreased when procrastination was added the equation. The results also showed that self esteem had partial mediating role in relation to fear of failure-procrastination, fear of failure- performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability. In other words, the effect of fear of failure on the procrastination, performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability was reduced, when self esteem was added the equation. Finally, results showed that self esteem had full mediating role in the relation to procrastination; performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability. Implications of these findings are discussed and suggestions are presented within the context of literature.

Murat Balk?s

2012-09-01

183

Sense of Coherence, Family Sense of Coherence and Self Esteem in Predicting Life Satisfaction among University Students  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between life satisfaction and individualistic sense of coherence (comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness, family sense of coherence, self esteem and to examine which variables (the sense of coherence, family sense of coherence and self esteem the best predictor of life satisfaction. The participants of the study were 250 female (64%, 143 male (36% total 393 university students. The age range was 19.45. To collect data Life Satisfaction Scale, Sense of Coherence, Family Sense of Coherence and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale were used. After collecting data Pearson Momentum Correlation and Stepwise regression statistic analysis were applied. The results indicated that there are significant positive moderate and relatively strong correlations between life satisfaction and individualistic sense of coherence, family sense of coherence and self esteem. The findings of this study supported Antonovsky’s theoretical frame. In addition the stepwise regression analyses indicated that comprehensibility (cognitive dimension dimension of sense coherence was the best predictor of life satisfaction. The other variables were family sense of coherence, self esteem, manageability and meaningfulness respectively. All variables explained 40% of total variance.

A. Rezan ÇEÇEN

2008-01-01

184

Self-Esteem: A Theoretical Framework and the Implications for Migrant Children.  

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Self-esteem is cumulative and proactive. Events and people surrounding an individual have a direct relationship with the development of self-esteem. Factors influencing a child's self-esteem begin from the time the infant is in the mother's womb. A unique self-esteem develops for each child whether from a cohesive family, from a foundling home, or…

Soto, Lourdes Diaz

185

A New Measure to Assess Linguistic Self-Esteem in Adolescent Latino Bilinguals  

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Present conceptualizations and measures of self-esteem do not account for linguistic self-esteem, an aspect of the self specifically relevant for bilingual students. This study examines the utility of a newly developed measure of linguistic self-esteem. This novel measure is compared with a commonly used self-esteem measure, two standardized…

Neugebauer, Sabina Rak

2011-01-01

186

Global self-esteem and method effects: competing factor structures, longitudinal invariance, and response styles in adolescents.  

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The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) is a widely used measure for assessing self-esteem, but its factor structure is debated. Our goals were to compare 10 alternative models for the RSES and to quantify and predict the method effects. This sample involves two waves (N =2,513 9th-grade and 2,370 10th-grade students) from five waves of a school-based longitudinal study. The RSES was administered in each wave. The global self-esteem factor with two latent method factors yielded the best fit to the data. The global factor explained a large amount of the common variance (61% and 46%); however, a relatively large proportion of the common variance was attributed to the negative method factor (34 % and 41%), and a small proportion of the common variance was explained by the positive method factor (5% and 13%). We conceptualized the method effect as a response style and found that being a girl and having a higher number of depressive symptoms were associated with both low self-esteem and negative response style, as measured by the negative method factor. Our study supported the one global self-esteem construct and quantified the method effects in adolescents. PMID:24061931

Urbán, Róbert; Szigeti, Réka; Kökönyei, Gyöngyi; Demetrovics, Zsolt

2014-06-01

187

Discrepancies between explicit and implicit self-esteem: implications for mate retention strategies and perceived infidelity.  

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The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the association between explicit self-esteem and relationship outcomes was moderated by implicit self-esteem. This was accomplished by asking 210 undergraduates who were currently involved in romantic relationships to complete measures of their explicit self-esteem, implicit self-esteem, mate retention strategies, and likelihood of future infidelity. Implicit self-esteem was found to moderate the association between high explicit self-esteem and relationship outcomes for male participants such that men with discrepant high self-esteem (i.e., high explicit self-esteem but low implicit self-esteem) reported less use of mate retention strategies and perceived a greater likelihood of future infidelity in their relationships during the next year. These findings provide additional support for the idea that fragile self-esteem may have consequences for the manner in which individuals perceive their relationships. PMID:23057188

Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Fulton, Jessica J; McLemore, Chandler

2012-01-01

188

Celebrity endorsement: The effects of social comparisons on women's self-esteem and purchase intensions:  

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In this research we investigated the interplay between celebrities holding positive vs. negative media images and women’s self-esteem and purchase intensions. Study 1 documents that “good” celebrities decrease consumers’ self-esteem while a “bad” celebrity increase self-esteem. Study 2 shows that changes in self-esteem transfer to the product if consumers engage in an assimilating comparison process. Study 3 demonstrates that for consumers low in true self-esteem, a bad celebrity ...

Hellen, K.; Saaksjarvi, M. C.

2012-01-01

189

Pulling your self together : meditation promotes congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem  

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Abstract Self-reported or explicit self-esteem frequently conflicts with indirectly assessed, implicit self-esteem. The present research investigated whether meditation may reduce such inner conflicts by promoting congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Relative to control conditions, meditation led to greater congruence between explicit self-esteem, assessed via self-report, and implicit self-esteem, indicated by name letter preference (Studies 1 and 2). Low implicit...

Koole, Sander L.; Govorun, Olesya; Cheng, Clara Michelle; Gallucci, Marcello

2009-01-01

190

The Relationship between Self-esteem, Personality Type and Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Students  

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This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sampl...

Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri; Mehrnaz Faghih

2012-01-01

191

Perfectionism in African American students: relationship to racial identity, GPA, self-esteem, and depression.  

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This study examined 219 African American college students at predominantly White universities using the constructs of perfectionism, academic achievement, self-esteem, depression, and racial identity. Cluster analysis was performed using the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (APS-R), which yielded three clusters that represented adaptive perfectionists, maladaptive perfectionists, and nonperfectionists. These three groups were compared on their scores on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS), and Grade Point Average (GPA). Adaptive perfectionists reported higher self-esteem and lower depression scores than both the nonperfectionists and maladaptive perfectionists. Adaptive perfectionists had higher GPAs than nonperfectionists. On the racial identity scales, maladaptive perfectionists had higher scores on Pre-Encounter Self Hatred and Immersion-Emersion Anti-White subscales than adaptive perfectionists. The cultural and counseling implications of this study are discussed and integrated. Finally, recommendations are made for future studies of African American college students and perfectionism. PMID:22309503

Elion, Audrey A; Wang, Kenneth T; Slaney, Robert B; French, Bryana H

2012-04-01

192

Self Esteem and Adolescent Sexual Attitudes and Behavior  

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This study was designed to determine; (1) if adolescent self esteem is related to premarital sexual attitudes and intercourse behavior; (2) if religious affiliation and church attendance affect the relationship between adolescent self esteem and premarital sexual attitudes and behavior. Approximately 2400 adolescents residing in California, New Mexico, and Utah comprised the sample. Adolescents who attended church services more often reported less sexually permissive attitudes and behavior...

Christensen, Roger B.

1985-01-01

193

The Relationship between Critical Thinking Disposition and Self-Esteem  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Critical Thinking Disposition indicates individual’s inclination to Critical Thinking, which is one of the domains of personality. Individual characteristics are important and influential factors in the growth and development of students’ Critical Thinking. One of these influential characteristics might be self-esteem, thus this study was to determine the correlation between Critical Thinking Disposition and self-esteem in medical students. Methods: In an analytical cross-sectional study, 289 medical students were selected through stratified random sampling method in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2011. The instrument for data collection was a questionnaire containing 3 parts: demographic data, California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory, and Cooper-Smith Self-Esteem Inventory. The results were analyzed by SPSS-16 using descriptive statistics, Pearson and Spearman Correlation Coefficient, ANOVA, Chi-Square and Fisher exact test. Results: Results showed that 98.6% (285 of students had deficiency, 1.4% (4 ambivalence and nobody had positive critical thinking disposition. There was a significantly negative correlation between Critical Thinking Disposition and self-esteem (r=-0.462, P<0.001. Also, there was no a significant relationship between two groups of low self-esteem , high self-esteem , negative and ambivalent Critical Thinking Disposition. Conclusion: It seems that Critical Thinking Disposition, like other psychological variables, is influenced by social factors and social environment plays a role in promoting or undermining it. So, similar studies are recommended to investigate the factors affecting Critical Thinking in medical students.

Shirin Iranfar

2013-12-01

194

Leadership styles and its relationship with subordinates' self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Leadership plays an essential role in managing different organizations. These days, different organizations attempt to resolve any existing conflicts through adapting an appropriate leadership strategy. During the past few years, there are increasing interests in examining the relationship between management style and self-esteem. The proposed study of this paper performs an empirical study to find the relationship between leadership style and self-esteem. The proposed study distributed a questionnaire among 80 managers and 150 regular employees of an organization in Iran. We have used Pearson correlation test, t-student and Freedman tests to verify the relationship between leadership style and self-esteem. The investigation of this survey considers four groups of leadership style including autocratic-charity, autocratic-exploitation, management consulting and participative and their effects on self-esteem. The results of our survey indicate that there is a positive and strong relationship between participative leadership management style and self-esteem. The results also indicate that there is strong relationship between educational background and self-esteem.

Sudabeh Morshedian Rafiee

2012-10-01

195

Relationship Between Eating Behaviors, Self Esteem and Academic Achievement among Lower Secondary School Students in Meru Klang, Malaysia  

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Full Text Available This study attempted to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, self esteem and academic achievement among lower secondary school students. Cross sectional study was conducted among 274 respondents aged 13 to 15 years old. A questionnaire comprising sociodemographic items, Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ, Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and exam result were taken. Significant relationship were found between low fat eating behavior with academic achievement with (p = 0.008. There was no significant association between meal skipping, emotional, snacking and convenience eating behavior and self esteem toward academic achievement with (p = 0.412 (p = 0.243 (0.05 and (p = 0.812, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that student with low fat eating behavior is less likely to have low academic achievement. In conclusion, further research need to be done in order to explained in detail on these issues.

Khairil Anuar Md. Isa

2012-01-01

196

Assessment Of Relation Between Test Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Success In Instrument For Candidates Of Music Teacher  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine relation between test anxiety, self-esteem and success of instrument training courses for candidates of music teacher. This study was performed with grade three and four students (n=66 attending Music Teaching Department, Ataturk Faculty of Education, Marmara University. Data of the study was collected using Test Anxiety Inventory, Rosenberg SelfEsteem Scale, Personal Information Form and grades obtained by students in examinations of instrument training course and resultant data was analyzed using Pearson’s Product Moment Coefficient andMann Whitney U test. In this study, a significantly relation was found between test anxiety level of music teacher candidates and instrument training success as well as between test anxiety level and self-esteem. No significant difference was found betweenself-esteem and instrument training success. Moreover, it was also evaluated whether test anxiety levels of student differ based on various variables.

Duygu P?J? KÜÇÜK

2010-12-01

197

Sensation seeking, self-esteem, and unprotected sex in college students.  

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This descriptive correlational study examined the relationships of sexual sensation seeking, self-esteem, and self-efficacy in condom use, stages of change, and alcohol consumption to HIV risk-taking behaviors among college students. A total of 159 students completed an online survey in 2004. Instruments included the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale, College Alcohol Problems Scale, Condom Use Scale, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. High sensation seekers had higher self-esteem, more self-efficacy in condom usage, fewer problems associated with alcohol consumption, and belonged to Greek organizations (F [1,158] = 12.54; p advantages (F [1, 116] = 1.67; p = .05) than disadvantages (F [1, 116] = 2.01; p = .01) to using condoms. Men consumed significantly more alcohol and had more social problems related to alcohol use than women (F [1, 158] = 5.04; p responsibility for their sexual health and to increase the awareness of the need to be tested for HIV. PMID:16979512

Gullette, Donna L; Lyons, Margaret A

2006-01-01

198

What constitutes vulnerable self-esteem? Comparing the prospective effects of low, unstable, and contingent self-esteem on depressive symptoms.  

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A growing body of longitudinal studies suggests that low self-esteem is a risk factor for depression. However, it is unclear whether other characteristics of self-esteem, besides its level, explain incremental or even greater variance in subsequent depression. We examined the prospective effects of self-esteem level, instability (i.e., the degree of variability in self-esteem across short periods), and contingency (i.e., the degree to which self-esteem fluctuates in response to self-relevant events) on depressive symptoms in 1 overarching model, using data from 2 longitudinal studies. In Study 1, 372 adults were assessed at 2 waves over 6 months, including 40 daily diary assessments at Wave 1. In Study 2, 235 young adults were assessed at 2 waves over 6 weeks, including about 6 daily diary assessments at each wave. Self-esteem contingency was measured by self-report and by a statistical index based on the diary data (capturing event-related fluctuations in self-esteem). In both studies self-esteem level, but not self-esteem contingency, predicted subsequent depressive symptoms. Self-esteem instability predicted subsequent depressive symptoms in Study 2 only, with a smaller effect size than self-esteem level. Also, level, instability, and contingency of self-esteem did not interact in the prediction of depressive symptoms. Moreover, the effect of self-esteem level held when controlling for neuroticism and for all other Big Five personality traits. Thus, the findings provide converging evidence for a vulnerability effect of self-esteem level, tentative evidence for a smaller vulnerability effect of self-esteem instability, and no evidence for a vulnerability effect of self-esteem contingency. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25222046

Sowislo, Julia Friederike; Orth, Ulrich; Meier, Laurenz L

2014-11-01

199

Images of the self and self-esteem: do positive self-images improve self-esteem in social anxiety?  

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Negative self-images play an important role in maintaining social anxiety disorder. We propose that these images represent the working self in a Self-Memory System that regulates retrieval of self-relevant information in particular situations. Self-esteem, one aspect of the working self, comprises explicit (conscious) and implicit (automatic) components. Implicit self-esteem reflects an automatic evaluative bias towards the self that is normally positive, but is reduced in socially anxious individuals. Forty-four high and 44 low socially anxious participants generated either a positive or a negative self-image and then completed measures of implicit and explicit self-esteem. Participants who held a negative self-image in mind reported lower implicit and explicit positive self-esteem, and higher explicit negative self-esteem than participants holding a positive image in mind, irrespective of social anxiety group. We then tested whether positive self-images protected high and low socially anxious individuals equally well against the threat to explicit self-esteem posed by social exclusion in a virtual ball toss game (Cyberball). We failed to find a predicted interaction between social anxiety and image condition. Instead, all participants holding positive self-images reported higher levels of explicit self-esteem after Cyberball than those holding negative self-images. Deliberate retrieval of positive self-images appears to facilitate access to a healthy positive implicit bias, as well as improving explicit self-esteem, whereas deliberate retrieval of negative self-images does the opposite. This is consistent with the idea that negative self-images may have a causal, as well as a maintaining, role in social anxiety disorder. PMID:22439697

Hulme, Natalie; Hirsch, Colette; Stopa, Lusia

2012-01-01

200

Images of the Self and Self-Esteem: Do Positive Self-Images Improve Self-Esteem in Social Anxiety?  

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Negative self-images play an important role in maintaining social anxiety disorder. We propose that these images represent the working self in a Self-Memory System that regulates retrieval of self-relevant information in particular situations. Self-esteem, one aspect of the working self, comprises explicit (conscious) and implicit (automatic) components. Implicit self-esteem reflects an automatic evaluative bias towards the self that is normally positive, but is reduced in socially anxious individuals. Forty-four high and 44 low socially anxious participants generated either a positive or a negative self-image and then completed measures of implicit and explicit self-esteem. Participants who held a negative self-image in mind reported lower implicit and explicit positive self-esteem, and higher explicit negative self-esteem than participants holding a positive image in mind, irrespective of social anxiety group. We then tested whether positive self-images protected high and low socially anxious individuals equally well against the threat to explicit self-esteem posed by social exclusion in a virtual ball toss game (Cyberball). We failed to find a predicted interaction between social anxiety and image condition. Instead, all participants holding positive self-images reported higher levels of explicit self-esteem after Cyberball than those holding negative self-images. Deliberate retrieval of positive self-images appears to facilitate access to a healthy positive implicit bias, as well as improving explicit self-esteem, whereas deliberate retrieval of negative self-images does the opposite. This is consistent with the idea that negative self-images may have a causal, as well as a maintaining, role in social anxiety disorder. PMID:22439697

Hulme, Natalie; Hirsch, Colette; Stopa, Lusia

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Relation between Self-Esteem and Socially Desirable Responding and the Role of Socially Desirable Responding in the Relation between Self-Esteem and Performance  

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This investigation examines the relation between self-esteem and socially desirable responding by integrating previous findings via a meta-analysis. In 55 studies containing 73 independent samples (N?=?11,901), the correlation between self-esteem and Impression Management was weak, that between self-esteem and Self-Deceptive Enhancement was from…

Huang, Chiungjung

2013-01-01

202

Adoptees Do Not Lack Self-Esteem: A Meta-Analysis of Studies on Self-Esteem of Transracial, International, and Domestic Adoptees  

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Do adopted children show lower self-esteem than nonadopted peers, and do transracial adoptees show lower self-esteem than same-race adoptees? Adopted children are hypothesized to be at risk of low self-esteem. They may suffer from the consequences of neglect, abuse, and malnutrition in institutions before adoption. They have to cope with their…

Juffer, Femmie; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.

2007-01-01

203

Should We Be Targeting Self-Esteem in Treatment for Offenders: Do Gender and Race Matter in whether Self-Esteem Matters?  

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Self-esteem has long been a subject of discussion regarding its effects on problem behaviors including crime and recidivism. The current literature suggests that low self-esteem is not related to crime for male offenders and perhaps it is inflated self-esteem that is to blame for violence and crime. The literature on females and crime still…

Hubbard, Dana J.

2006-01-01

204

Enhancing collective and personal self-esteem through differentiation: further exploration of Hinkle & Brown's taxonomy.  

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The present study investigated hypotheses concerning the relationship between strength of social identification and intergroup differentiation and between personal self-esteem and self-serving bias for groups in the relational quadrants of Hinkle & Brown's taxonomy. Thirty groups each of individualists and collectivists were randomly assigned to either a compatible or an incompatible goal condition. During 10, 20-second trials, subjects worked on the Tarkus Block task in which they built their own tower and a group tower as high as possible. Afterwards, they evaluated their own group, the outgroup, themselves, and another member of the ingroup on attitude and task performance scales. Then they completed a group identification scale and a state self-esteem scale. For collectivists, a significant relationship was found between strength of group identification and intergroup differentiation when personal and group goals were compatible, and between self-esteem and self-serving bias when personal and group goals were incompatible. Further, the correlations for individualists were opposite to those found for collectivists, although only one of the correlations was significant. These unexpected and interesting results qualify and add to the findings from other research which show that the identity-differentiation relationship is usually the strongest for collectivists in a relational intergroup context. PMID:10216928

Meeres, S L; Grant, P R

1999-03-01

205

Implicit and explicit self-esteem in currently depressed individuals with and without suicidal ideation.  

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In the present study, we have further explored implicit self-esteem in currently depressed individuals. Since suicidal ideation is associated with lower self-esteem in depressed individuals, we measured both implicit and explicit self-esteem in a population of currently depressed (CD) individuals, with and without suicidal ideation (SI), and in a group of non-depressed controls (ND). The results indicate that only CD individuals with SI show a discrepancy between their implicit and explicit self-esteem: that is, they exhibit high implicit and low explicit self-esteem. CD individuals without SI exhibit both low implicit and low explicit self-esteem; and ND controls exhibit both normal implicit and normal explicit self-esteem. These results provide new insights in the study of implicit self-esteem and the combination of implicit and explicit self-esteem in depression. PMID:16828702

Franck, Erik; De Raedt, Rudi; Dereu, Mieke; Van den Abbeele, Dirk

2007-03-01

206

Chinese female nursing students’ coping strategies, self-esteem and related factors in different years of school  

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Full Text Available Background: Recent research has emphasized the importance of coping. There is virtually nothing known about coping strategies and their relationship with self-esteem, individual and environmental factors among Chinese female nursing students. This study was to identify different coping strategies, the relationship between coping and self-esteem and influencing individual factors among Chinese female students in different years of nursing school. Method: The study used a cross-sectional design. A representative sample composed of 686 female nursing students aged 14 years or older was surveyed in December 2010 using the Simplified Coping Styles Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Personal Data Form for assessment. Results: Nursing students more often used positive rather than negative coping styles (P?0.001. There was significant difference in the positive coping between nursing students in different years of school (P=0.018. The positive coping style was significantly correlated to a higher level of self-esteem, good interpersonal relationships, enough free time for  study alone, a sense of self-fulfillment and satisfaction, adaptation to new study methods, close friendships, help-seeking behavior of an individual, and physical health in the past year (P?0.05. The negative coping style was significantly associated with problems in romantic relationship, relationship with parents, worry about examinations and job assignment after graduation, feeling misunderstood, and frequent surfing on the internet (P?0.05. Conclusion: There were different coping strategies and the important relationship between self-esteem, individual and environmental factors and coping strategies among Chinese female nursing students in different years of school. The teaching strategies that promote the self-esteem and pay more attention to students’ individual and environmental factors will be useful for helping nursing students develop effective coping styles.

Chunping Ni

2012-07-01

207

An Evaluation of Vocational Self-Esteem and Job Satisfaction of Primary School Teachers  

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Full Text Available The main basis for having individual and social prosperity is having a high quality of education. To have a high quality of education, it depends on the work of teacher’s who are in the main part of education system. The people who have duties in an educational organization (teachers are using their knowledge, skills and attitudes and through this they actualize the perposes of the education system. Based on that research, for qualified education, the main fundamental is the relationship between teachers self-esteem and job satisfaction. The method of research is a survey method which includes layerd sampling. The study is supported by the primary schools in Kadiköy in Istanbul. The sample of research is supported by 17 primary schools in Kad?köy which are selected through the layerd sampling method. Research data is collected using a vocational self-esteem scale, job satisfaction scale and teacher’sinterview forms. In order to measure countable data frequency (n and the percentages are used. To measure countable data arithmetic mean (x and standard deviation (ss are used. For independent models, the t-test and Pearson product moment coefficient of correlation are used for the analysis. In the research, when a teacher’s vocational self-esteem increases, there is a decrease in the level of job satisfaction both internally and externally.People and instates, firstly lecturers in the faculty of education, works to increase the level of respect for the teacher’s vacation. The results that are found under that research show that if studies aren’t based on how to increase teachers selfesteem with job satisfaction, negative results will occur. For that reason, under theresponsibility of the Ministry of National Education, studies have to be done to increase teacher’s vocational selfesteem through job satisfaction (payment, security, social rights…

Nuri BALO?LU

2006-12-01

208

Unraveling Exercise Addiction: The Role of Narcissism and Self-Esteem  

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The aim of this study was to assess the risk of exercise addiction (EA) in fitness clubs and to identify possible factors in the development of the disorder. The Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) were administered to a sample of 150 consecutive gym attenders recruited in fitness centers. Based on EAI total score, high EA risk group (HEA n = 51) and a low EA risk group (LEA n = 69) were identified. HEA reported significantly higher total score (mean = 20.2 versus 14.6) on the NPI scale and lower total score (mean = 32.2 versus 36.4) on the SEI scale than LEA. A stepwise regression analysis indicated that only narcissism and self-esteem total scores (F = 5.66; df = 2; P = 0.006) were good predictors of days per week exercise. The present study confirms the direct and combined role of both labile self-esteem and high narcissism in the development of exercise addiction as predictive factors towards the risk of addiction. Multidisciplinary trained health care providers (physiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatrists) should carefully identify potential overexercise conditions in order to prevent the potential risk of exercise addiction.

Cicciarelli, Claudio; Romeo, Vincenzo Maria; Pandolfo, Gianluca

2014-01-01

209

Relationships between Career Counseling Attitudes and Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy among Emirati University Students  

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This study examined the relationship between attitudes toward career counseling, self-esteem, and self-efficacy. Nine hundred and fifty six undergraduate students from United Arab Emirates (UAE) University participated in this investigation. Attitudes Toward Career Counseling Scale (ATCCS; Rochlen, Mohr, & Hargrove, 1999) was adapted to Arabic…

Al-Darmaki, Fatima R.

2012-01-01

210

The Relationships of Racial Identity and Gender Role Conflict to Self-Esteem of Asian American Undergraduate Men  

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This study was conducted using a sample of Asian American male college students (N = 173) from one east coast public, research institution and one west coast public, research institution to explore the relationships of racial identity and gender role conflict with self-esteem. The study employed the People of Color Racial Identity Attitudes Scale,…

Shek, Yen Ling; McEwen, Marylu K.

2012-01-01

211

Predictors of Approach/Avoidance Achievement Goals: Personality Traits, Self-Esteem and Academic Self-Efficacy  

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Full Text Available This study aims to examine approach -avoidance achievement goals, five-factor personality traits, self-esteem and academic beliefs within a scope of a model. The study used a relational survey model; the sample group consisted of 513 students (189 male and 324 female enrolled in the Faculty of Education at Gazi University. Students in this sample groups had different demographic features and were from different classrooms. Research data were obtained using the “Achievement Goals Scales,” “Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale,” “Five-Factor Personality Scale” and “Academic Self-Efficacy Scale.” Path analysis modeling was used to test the hypothesis models. It was found that students’ approach and avoidance achievement goals are explained by cause-effect relationship with personality traits, self-esteem and self-efficacy belief. In this study, it was found that self-efficacy belief and self-esteem are the most important variables that predict approach achievement goals and avoidance achievement goals, respectively. The research results were compared to and discussed with regard to the relevant literature.

Mehmet Kandemir

2014-04-01

212

The Effects of Cognitive Behavorial Therapy Group and Social Support Group on the Self Esteem among Breast Cancer Patients  

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Full Text Available This study is aimed to determine the main effects of CBT group, social support group (DS and control group (KK on the self esteem among breast cancer patients. Rosemberg self esteem scale (RSE was used to measure self-esteem. The treatment group consisted of CBT and DS groups. Each treatment group received 12 counselling sessions within six weeks. Quantitative analysis general linear model (GLM repeated measures was used to identify the groups’ (CBT, DS, and KK main effect, the repeated test RSE scale (pre test, post test 1, post test 2, and post test 3 main effect and the interaction effect (CBT, DS, and KK, and repeated tests RSE scale (pre test, post test 1,post test 2, post test 3. There was no significant difference in the groups (CBT, DS, and KK main effect on the Rosenberg Self Esteem (RSE scores. There was a significant difference (F (3.10 = 66.823,p = 0.0001 (Wilk's Lambda on the repeated test RSE scale (pre test, post test 1, post test 2, and post test 3 main effects on self esteemscore. Overall findings showed an increase in RSE scores between the pre test, post test 1, post test 2 and post test 3.

Namora Lumongga Lubis

2011-12-01

213

Auto-estima na forma inativa da oftalmopatia de Graves Inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy and self-esteem  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes portadores de oftalmopatia de Graves, eutireoideanos, na fase inativa, com idade variando entre 26 e 65 anos, média 43 ± 11,0 anos, denominado grupo estudo e 39 indivíduos que não apresentavam oftalmopatia de Graves, com idade variando entre 18 e 67 anos, média de 41 ± 13,4 anos, selecionados na população geral denominado grupo controle. Para avaliar a auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de auto-estima Rosenberg Unifesp-EPM aplicada por meio de entrevista. Os valores dos escores de auto-estima nos dois grupos estudados foram comparados pelo teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. O mesmo teste foi aplicado com objetivo de comparar os resultados obtidos no grupo oftalmopatia de Graves considerando a gravidade da doença. RESULTADOS: Não foi observada alteração com significância estatística na auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves (p=0,057. O grupo estudo apresentou, em média, valores inferiores de auto-estima, comparado ao grupo controle. Não houve diferença da auto-estima entre os pacientes dos subgrupos leve e moderado-grave (P=0,2710. CONCLUSÃO: A oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa não afetou a auto-estima dos pacientes, no grupo estudado.PURPOSE: To assess the self-esteem of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients in the inactive phase. METHODS: Thirty euthyroid patients were evaluated in the inactive phase of disease with age ranging from 26 to 65 years, average of 43 ± 11,0 years, called study group and 39 individuals without Graves' ophthalmopathy with age ranging from 18 to 67 years, average of 41 ± 13,4 years, selected from the general population called control group. To evaluate the self-esteem the Rosenberg UNIFESP/EPM self-esteem scale, applied by means of an interview, was utilized. The self-esteem scores in the two studied groups were compared by means of the non-parametric Mann-Whitey test. The same test was applied to compare the obtained scores in the Graves' ophthalmopathy group considering disease severity. RESULTS: No alteration with statistical significance in Graves' ophthalmopathy patients' self-esteem was observed (P=0.057. The study group presented, on average, lower self-esteem values when compared with the control group. There was no difference of self-esteem mild and moderate-severe patients (P=0.2710. CONCLUSION: Graves' ophthalmopathy in the inactive phase did not affect the patients' self-esteem in the group studied.

Carlos Henrique de Toledo Magalhães

2008-04-01

214

Auto-estima na forma inativa da oftalmopatia de Graves / Inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy and self-esteem  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes portadores de oftalmopatia de Graves, eutireoideanos, na fase inativa, com idade variando entre 26 e 65 anos, média 43 ± 11,0 anos, denominado grupo estudo e 39 indivíduos [...] que não apresentavam oftalmopatia de Graves, com idade variando entre 18 e 67 anos, média de 41 ± 13,4 anos, selecionados na população geral denominado grupo controle. Para avaliar a auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de auto-estima Rosenberg Unifesp-EPM aplicada por meio de entrevista. Os valores dos escores de auto-estima nos dois grupos estudados foram comparados pelo teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. O mesmo teste foi aplicado com objetivo de comparar os resultados obtidos no grupo oftalmopatia de Graves considerando a gravidade da doença. RESULTADOS: Não foi observada alteração com significância estatística na auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves (p=0,057). O grupo estudo apresentou, em média, valores inferiores de auto-estima, comparado ao grupo controle. Não houve diferença da auto-estima entre os pacientes dos subgrupos leve e moderado-grave (P=0,2710). CONCLUSÃO: A oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa não afetou a auto-estima dos pacientes, no grupo estudado. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To assess the self-esteem of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients in the inactive phase. METHODS: Thirty euthyroid patients were evaluated in the inactive phase of disease with age ranging from 26 to 65 years, average of 43 ± 11,0 years, called study group and 39 individuals without Graves' opht [...] halmopathy with age ranging from 18 to 67 years, average of 41 ± 13,4 years, selected from the general population called control group. To evaluate the self-esteem the Rosenberg UNIFESP/EPM self-esteem scale, applied by means of an interview, was utilized. The self-esteem scores in the two studied groups were compared by means of the non-parametric Mann-Whitey test. The same test was applied to compare the obtained scores in the Graves' ophthalmopathy group considering disease severity. RESULTS: No alteration with statistical significance in Graves' ophthalmopathy patients' self-esteem was observed (P=0.057). The study group presented, on average, lower self-esteem values when compared with the control group. There was no difference of self-esteem mild and moderate-severe patients (P=0.2710). CONCLUSION: Graves' ophthalmopathy in the inactive phase did not affect the patients' self-esteem in the group studied.

Carlos Henrique de Toledo, Magalhães; Max Domingues, Pereira; Paulo Góis, Manso; Daniela Francescato, Veiga; Neil Ferreira, Novo; Lydia Masako, Ferreira.

2008-04-01

215

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem as Predictors of Academic Success among Higher Education Students: A Survey Conducted at the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan  

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Full Text Available Emotional intelligence and self-esteem are the new, revolutionary approaches in the teaching-learning context. By handling the emotions, we can contribute in our enlightened life in general and particularly for our success in an academic domain. Assuming the importance of teacher as a nucleus, the current research was designed to measure the role of emotional intelligence and self-esteem in relation with the academic performance among students at IUB. By using convenient sampling technique, a sample of (N=100 students were taken from diversified disciplines. For data collection, Self-Report Measure of Emotional Intelligence (SRMEI, 2010 developed by ©Rizwana & Anila Kamal (2010 was used. The second instrument used was ©Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, 1965 using SPSS. To analyze the research hypotheses, Analysis of Variance (F-test, Regression Co-efficient (Beta values & T-test were applied. The regression model summary of science students revealed that the academic achievement of these students is highly dependent on both independent variables. Emotional intelligence and self-esteem do affect a variation of 71.2% variation towards their academic achievement. Similarly, the arts students’ regression model summary indicates that the academic achievement is slightly dependent on both the independent variables. It highlights 9.1% proportion of the variation in academic achievement due to emotional intelligence and self-esteem. Hence, it is concluded that academic achievement is significantly associated with the different levels of emotional intelligence and self-esteem among these students.

Aqeel Ahmad Khan, Muhammad Saleem,

2012-06-01

216

Body Image and Self-Esteem in Lower-Limb Amputees  

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Background Limb amputation is often an inevitable procedure in the advanced condition of various diseases and poses a dramatic impact on a patient's life. The aim of the present study is to analyze the impact of lower-limb amputations on aesthetic factors such as body image and self-esteem as well as quality of life (QoL). Methods 298 patients (149 uni- or bilateral lower-limb amputees and 149 controls) were included in this cross-sectional study in three centers. Demographic data was collected and patients received a 118-item questionnaire including the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), the Rosenberg Self-esteem (RSE) scale and the SF-36 Health Survey (QoL). ANOVA and student's t-test were used for statistical analysis. Results Unilateral lower-limb amputees showed a significant lower MBSRQ score of 3.07±0.54 compared with 3.41±0.34 in controls (p<0.001) and a lower score in the RSE compared to controls (21.63±4.72 vs. 21.46±5.86). However, differences were not statistically significant (p?=?0.36). Patients with phantom pain sensation had a significantly reduced RSE (p?=?0.01). The SF-36 health survey was significantly lower in patients with lower-limb amputation compared to controls (42.17±14.47 vs. 64.05±12.39) (p<0.001). Conclusion This study showed that lower-limb amputations significantly influence patients' body image and QoL. Self-esteem seems to be an independent aspect, which is not affected by lower-limb amputation. However, self-esteem is influenced significantly by phantom pain sensation. PMID:24663958

Holzer, Lukas A.; Sevelda, Florian; Fraberger, Georg; Bluder, Olivia; Kickinger, Wolfgang; Holzer, Gerold

2014-01-01

217

Title: Preterm Infants and Parents’ self-esteem  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title: Preterm Infants and Parents’ self-esteem Background: Little is known about parents to preterm infants and their self-esteem. The care of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is in accordance with the principles of Family Centered Care. Previously, focus has mainly been on the mother-infant-dyad. Current research has shown that involving the father at an early stage improves the psychological dynamic of fatherhood and encourages bonding with the infant. The self-esteem of parents appears to be negatively affected after preterm birth. Objective: To get more knowledge and a deeper understanding of the preterm parents’ experiences of their self-esteem during admission to the NICU and later eight months after discharge. Method and data collection: A qualitative semi-structured interview was conducted in two phases: 1) Three weeks after giving birth to a preterm infant and eight months after discharge. Parents were consecutively enrolled into the study. Results: The preliminary findings were created in a theoretical framework of self-esteem understood in a physiological perspective. The interviews showed that individual, relational and structured aspects influenced the parents’ experiences of their self-esteem after birth of their preterm infant. The fathers described feeling torn between taking care of the mother and the infant admitted to the NICU. The mothers experienced difficulties in remembering what happened the first 24 hours after giving birth. The relational aspects affected the relationship between mothers and fathers, the experiences of the relationship to infant and the parents’ experiences of their own self-esteem. Likewise, the support from nurses and from the parents’ own network positively impacted on the parents’ experiences of their parental self-esteem. The structural aspects referred to how the parents experienced the high-technology environment of the NICU. Besides, the parents described that the infant’s needs, medical status and development impacted on their experiences of how they were valued as parents in the NICU-context. Conclusion: The preliminary findings of this study indicate that the parents’ experiences of their self-esteem in the first 24 hours after the birth of a preterm infant are influenced by division (the fathers) and amnesia (the mothers). Later, when the parents build up their sense of parenthood they become very susceptible to the mutual relationship, the relationship to the infant and closest support network. The barriers restricting the parents’ access and contact to the infant were experienced as frustrating.

Aagaard, Hanne; Madsen, Mette Kold

218

Abdominoplasty and its effect on body image, self-esteem, and mental health.  

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The impact of abdominoplasty on the quality of life of abdominoplasty patients was assessed 1- and 6-months postoperatively. Forty women aged 25 to 60 years were divided into study group (25 patients who underwent abdominoplasty) and waiting-list control group (15 patients). Three questionnaires (Body Shape Questionnaire [BSQ], Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [RSE/UNIFESP], and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire [SF-36]) were administered to the study group (preoperatively, 1- and 6-months postoperatively) and control group (on 2 occasions 6 months apart). A significant positive impact on body image, self-esteem, and mental health was found 1- and 6-months postoperatively. Significant differences were observed in role physical, role emotional, and vitality 1-month postoperatively. In the control group, significant differences were found for vitality. There was a significant improvement in Comparative perception of body image (6-month assessment) in the study group compared with controls. Abdominoplasty improved body image, self-esteem, and mental health. PMID:20467297

de Brito, Maria José Azevedo; Nahas, Fábio Xerfan; Barbosa, Marcus Vinicius Jardini; Dini, Gal Moreira; Kimura, Alexandro Kenji; Farah, Andréia Bufoni; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

2010-07-01

219

Intra-individual variability of self-esteem in adolescents with spina bifida.  

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The purpose of this study was to explore intra-individual variability of global self-esteem and physical self-worth in adolescents with spina bifida (n = 3). Three adolescents were assessed in their schools by auto-evaluation over a period of 12 weeks (three times a week) with the Physical Self Inventory-6, a six-item questionnaire with a visual analogue scale. Statistical analyses included auto-correlation function (ACF) for studying the time series. Descriptive statistics demonstrated that in all the dimensions of physical self and global self-esteem, participants showed great variability over time. Auto-correlation function indicated 20 non-stationary and unstable time series, and four stationary time series. The non-stationary evolution of physical self, and global self-esteem in the three adolescents with spina bifida studied may explain the absence of consensus in the literature on the level of the self-perception. Future longitudinal research needs to be engaged. PMID:14634367

Minelli, S; Ninot, G; Kozub, F M; De Potter, J-C

2003-12-01

220

The relationship between employees’ self-esteem and pertinacity  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between employees’ of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 self-esteem and pertinacity. For this reason, employee’s self-esteem was arranged in two dimensions, which are consistency solidity, emotional inconsistency and pertinacity. The questionnaire is based on Kobasa theory including three sides including commitment, control and defiance. There are two basic and three subsidiary theories. Employee of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 is statistical society of this research, which includes 80 people. Reference to restricted volume of statistical society, total statistical society is concerned as under evaluation society. The tool of data gathering is two questionnaires, which are Aizenc’s self-esteem questionnaire and Kobasa’s pertinacity standard questionnaire, which are delivered for evaluating society after perpetuity and justifiability determination. The descriptive statistical methods are used for collected questionnaires analyze. Thus, the descriptive statistical method was used to summarize, to categorize and to interpret statistical data’s. In addition, statistical tests such as Pearson and Freidman’s coherency R are used to test the hypothesis of research. The results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity and its sides on employees of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10. They present maximum relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity control and minimum relationship between pertinacity commitment dimensions.

Jafar Beikzad

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Terror management theory and self-esteem revisited: the roles of implicit and explicit self-esteem in mortality salience effects.  

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Three studies tested the roles of implicit and/or explicit self-esteem in reactions to mortality salience. In Study 1, writing about death versus a control topic increased worldview defense among participants low in implicit self-esteem but not among those high in implicit self-esteem. In Study 2, a manipulation to boost implicit self-esteem reduced the effect of mortality salience on worldview defense. In Study 3, mortality salience increased the endorsement of positive personality descriptions but only among participants with the combination of low implicit and high explicit self-esteem. These findings indicate that high implicit self-esteem confers resilience against the psychological threat of death, and therefore the findings provide direct support for a fundamental tenet of terror management theory regarding the anxiety-buffering role of self-esteem. PMID:19379037

Schmeichel, Brandon J; Gailliot, Matthew T; Filardo, Emily-Ana; McGregor, Ian; Gitter, Seth; Baumeister, Roy F

2009-05-01

222

Self Esteem Communication Skills and Cooping with Stress of Young Workers  

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Full Text Available AIM: Working younger when they are investigated in terms of family structure, socio-economic condition and work condition, working environment, friend?s relation and for various reasons and in terms of expectations, due to risks they carry, they constituted an important group for preventive mental health studies. This study is conducted to determine working youngsters self esteem, communication skills, coping skills. METHODS: The samples of this descriptive study consist of 79 headworkers and foreman students between the ages of 15?24, in the education year of 2004-2005 in Zonguldak Occupation Education Center. The data was collected by the following means: ?Estimating Communication Skills Scale?, ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale?, ?Coping with Stress Scale?, and ?Personal Information Form?, prepared by the researchers. RESULTS: Average of the age group of the study is between 20.87+2.07 and 70.5?% are male. 81.0? % of the youngsters reported that they work in order to acquire a job. Communication skills mean score was 72.15+12.66, self esteem mean score was 2.33+1.97 in the study group. Scores obtained for subgroups of stress coping scale are as follows self confident 2.22+0.59, self unconfident 1.57+0.59, submissive attitudes 1.27+0.63, optimistic attitudes 2.15+0.58 and seeking of social support 1.81+0.63 were determined. Between age and communication skills: between taking role decision making and self esteem, between taking role unconfident and submissive attitudes in coping stress: between working period and self esteem and between confident attitudes in coping stress: between using money and coping with stress with confident attitudes meaningful relationships were determined (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: According to the conclusion of the study in order to reduce negative effects of the working conditions on the youngsters? development of the basic communication skills and development of the stress coping mechanisms would have positive effect on the youngsters. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(1.000: 17-26

Gulcem Sala Razi

2009-02-01

223

Physical attractiveness, happiness, neuroticism, and self-esteem.  

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The hypotheses that physical attractiveness is positively correlated with happiness, psychological health, and self-esteem was tested with 211 men and women undergraduates. Physical attractiveness was measured by judges' ratings, while happiness, psychological health (neuroticism), and self-esteem were measured by self-report inventories. Physical attractiveness was found to correlate positively with happiness (r equals .37), negatively with neuroticism (r equals minus.22), and positively with self-esteem (r equals .24) for women but not for men (corresponding rs equals .09, .03, and minus.04, respectively). These results were accounted for by the suggestion that physical attractiveness "buys" more for women than for men, and the most prominent outcomes obtained by physical attractiveness--friends and dates--are of greater value to women undergraduates than men. The superior outcomes obtained by the attractive women made them happy, psychologically healthy, and proud of themselves. PMID:1151901

Mathes, E W; Kahn, A

1975-05-01

224

Group Music Intervention Reduces Aggression and Improves Self-esteem in Children with Highly Aggressive Behavior: A Pilot Controlled Trial.  

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We investigated the effects of group music intervention on aggression and self-esteem in children with highly aggressive behavior. Forty-eight children were allocated to either a music intervention group or an untreated control group. The music intervention group received 50 min of music intervention twice weekly for 15 consecutive weeks. The outcome measures were Child Behavior Checklist Aggression Problems Scale (Parents), Child Aggression Assessment Inventory (Teachers) and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. After 15 weeks, the music intervention group showed significant reduction of aggression and improvement of self-esteem compared with the control group. All outcome measures were significantly lower in the music intervention group than prior to treatment, while there was no change in the control group. These findings suggest that music can reduce aggressive behavior and improve self-esteem in children with highly aggressive behavior. Music intervention is an easily accessible therapy for children and as such may be an effective intervention for aggressive behavior. Further more, objective and replicable measures are required from a randomized controlled trial with a larger sample size and active comparable control. PMID:18955314

Choi, Ae-Na; Lee, Myeong Soo; Lee, Jung-Sook

2010-06-01

225

Relation between childhood abuse and self esteem in adolescence  

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The aim of this study is to examine the connection between childhood abuse and self esteem in adults and reveal the potential of childhood abuse determining self esteem. Sampling of this study comprised 915 secondary school students from Konya city’s central district who were randomly selected. 583 of the sample students (%58.3) were females while 382 were males (%41.7). As a result of this study, it has been determined that there is a significant negative correlation between childhood abu...

Özlem Karaku?

2012-01-01

226

When paranoia fails to enhance self-esteem: explicit and implicit self-esteem and its discrepancy in patients with persecutory delusions compared to depressed and healthy controls.  

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The hypothesis that persecutory delusions function to enhance self-esteem implies that patients will show normal explicit, but low implicit self-esteem. As evidence for this has been inconsistent, our study assessed delusional state, explicit and implicit self-esteem and depression in a large sample (n=139) of schizophrenia patients with acute persecutory delusions (n=28), patients with remitted persecutory delusions (n=31), healthy controls (n=59), and depressed controls (n=21). Patients with delusions and patients with depression both showed decreased levels of explicit, but normal levels of implicit self-esteem when compared to healthy controls. The direct comparison of levels of explicit and implicit self-esteem within each group revealed that healthy controls had higher explicit than implicit self-esteem, while the converse pattern was found for depressed controls. No discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem was found for acute deluded or remitted patients with schizophrenia. Although these findings do not support the hypothesis that delusions serve to enhance self-esteem, they underline the relevance of low self-esteem in patients with persecutory delusions and point to the necessity of enhancing self-esteem in therapy. PMID:20932585

Kesting, Marie-Luise; Mehl, Stephanie; Rief, Winfried; Lindenmeyer, Johannes; Lincoln, Tania M

2011-04-30

227

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young-Adult Self-Esteem  

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Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The three main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood; (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult self-esteem; and (3) help rule out the alternative interpretation that the relationship between major depression and self-esteem is due to state depe...

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

228

The impact of art therapy on self-esteem of children with speech disorders  

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Heoretical analysis of the concept of self-esteem and meeting of psychosocial needs (self-expression, communication, expression of emotions) of children having speech disorders, as the presupposition of optimal self-esteem has been performed in the research work. It has been identified that self-esteem of children having speech disorders may be inadequate, and art therapy initiating self-expression of these children may help in self-education and increase their self-esteem. The hypothesis has...

Kasperavic?iene?, Elena

2011-01-01

229

Self-Esteem Instability and Its Implications for HIV Prevention among Gay Men.  

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Examines self-esteem instability and its association with risky sexual behavior among 455 gay and bisexual men. Results indicate that the self-esteem of participants who recently engaged in unprotected anal intercourse with nonprimary partners was more unstable than the self-esteem of participants who did not engage in such intercourse. (RJM)

Martin, James I.; Knox, Jo

1997-01-01

230

Smoking Behaviour in Youth: The Problem of Low Self-Esteem?  

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Considers the relationship between self-esteem and smoking in youth by analyzing survey data of two Scottish samples of 13 to 14-year-olds (N=2,900). The findings for peer groupings, self-esteem, and smoking indicate that young people who were socially isolated report both lower self-esteem and smoking prevalence, while peer-oriented youth report…

Glendinning, Anthony; Inglis, David

1999-01-01

231

Self-Esteem: Its Relationship to the Family and School Social Environments Among Chinese Adolescents.  

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The relationship between family and classroom social environment and high school students' self-esteem was studied in 18 tenth-grade classrooms in Hong Kong public schools. As hypothesized, higher self-esteem was associated with students having more positive perceptions of family and classroom. Specific traits of environments producing self-esteem

Cheung, Ping Chung; Lau, Sing

1985-01-01

232

A Longitudinal Study of Self-Esteem: Implications for Adolescent Development.  

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A cluster analytic approach was used to identify self-esteem trajectories among 1,160 adolescents from 6th to 10th grades. Four self-esteem trajectories were identified: consistently high, moderate and rising, steadily decreasing, and consistently low. Healthier grade-10 outcomes were associated with higher self-esteem. (SLD)

Zimmerman, Marc A.; And Others

1997-01-01

233

The Relationship between Unstable Self-Esteem and Aggression: Differences in Reactive and Proactive Aggression  

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This study examines whether the instability of self-esteem (i.e., a high intraindividual variability in self-esteem) is differentially associated with different types of aggressive behavior by using a sample of 235 preadolescent children. Self-esteem was measured four times for four consecutive days, and proactive and reactive aggressive behaviors…

Lee, Eunju J.

2014-01-01

234

Ethnic Differences in the Self-Esteem/Academic Achievement Relationship: A Meta-Analysis.  

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Four aspects related to self-esteem and academic achievement were addressed in the review. The first goal was to address methodological considerations of self-esteem measurement. Support for some self-esteem measures, as well as caveats and directions for future research, were indicated. The second goal was to determine whether a relationship…

Wickline, Virginia B.

235

Counselors' Collective Self-Esteem Mediates Job Dissatisfaction and Client Relationships  

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Given the central role of professional identity (i.e., collective self-esteem in this study), the authors examined whether collective self-esteem mediated or moderated relations between job dissatisfaction and client relationships in a sample of 132 professional counselors in the United States. Results indicated that collective self-esteem

Yu, Kumlan; Lee, Sang-Hee; Lee, Sang Min

2007-01-01

236

Racial Identity, Africentric Values, and Self-Esteem in Jamaican Children.  

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Examined the relationship between black identity, Afrocentric values, and self-esteem among 161 Jamaican young adolescents age 8-13 years from 4 summer camps. Participant surveys indicated that Afrocentric values, black identity, and self-esteem were correlated for female adolescents but not for male adolescents. Self-esteem explained more of the…

Akbar, Maysa; Chambers, John W., Jr.; Thompson, Vetta L. Sanders

2001-01-01

237

Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Weight-Related Criticism from Romantic Partners.  

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Examines weight-related criticism from romantic partners and the importance of the romantic relationship in relation to the body image and self esteem for college freshmen women. Results reveal that self esteem and body image were positively related. Partner importance also predicted self esteem, whereas criticism did not. (Contains 55 references…

Befort, Christie; Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Hull-Blanks, Elva; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Huser, Laura; Sollenberger, Sonja

2001-01-01

238

Does Low Self-Esteem Predict Depression and Anxiety? A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies  

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Low self-esteem and depression are strongly related, but there is not yet consistent evidence on the nature of the relation. Whereas the vulnerability model states that low self-esteem contributes to depression, the scar model states that depression erodes self-esteem. Furthermore, it is unknown whether the models are specific for depression or…

Sowislo, Julia Friederike; Orth, Ulrich

2013-01-01

239

Evaluating the Link between Self-Esteem and Temperament in Mexican Origin Early Adolescents  

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The present study examined the relation between self-esteem and temperament in a sample of 646 Mexican-American early adolescents (mean age = 10.4). Findings show that (a) early adolescents with high self-esteem exhibit higher levels of Effortful Control but, contrary to findings in adult samples, do not differ from low self-esteem adolescents in…

Robins, Richard W.; Donnellan, M. Brent; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D.

2010-01-01

240

Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Low Self-Esteem: A Case Example  

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Low self-esteem is a common, disabling, and distressing problem that has been shown to be involved in the etiology and maintenance of a range of Axis I disorders. Hence, it is a priority to develop effective treatments for low self-esteem. A cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of low self-esteem has been proposed and a cognitive-behavioral…

McManus, Freda; Waite, Polly; Shafran, Roz

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Exploring Self-Esteem in a Girls' Sports Program: Competencies and Connections Create Change  

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Self-esteem has been problematic for researchers because it is complex, stable, and hard to measure. When assessing the self-esteem of out-of-school time (OST) program participants, some researchers may think their instruments will not detect changes, either because the program does not last long enough to make a difference or because self-esteem

Markowitz, Ellen

2012-01-01

242

Global Self-Esteem, Appearance Satisfaction, and Self-Reported Dieting in Early Adolescence  

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Global self-esteem, appearance satisfaction, and self-reported dieting are interrelated. This study examines the temporal ordering of global self-esteem and appearance satisfaction across the early adolescence transition, from age 10 to age 14, as well as the independent associations of self-esteem and appearance satisfaction on self-reported…

Barker, Erin T.; Bornstein, Marc H.

2010-01-01

243

Spirituality among College Freshmen: Relationships To Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Stress  

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The authors investigated the relationships between spirituality, body image, self-esteem, and stress in 204 college freshmen who identified themselves as being highly spiritual. A positive relationship was found between spirituality and self-esteem. Although self-esteem was found to be negatively related to stress, spirituality served as a buffer…

Hayman, Jessie Wetherbe; Kurpius, Sharon Robinson; Befort, Christy; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Hull-Blanks, Elva; Sollenberger, Sonja; Huser, Laura

2007-01-01

244

The Elimination of Learned Helplessness Deficits as a Function of Induced Self-Esteem.  

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Tested efficiency of induced self-esteem in reducing various deficits caused by learned helplessness. Results indicated subjects who received induced self-esteem treatment showed significantly more deficit reversal. Results are discussed in relation to the usefulness of induced self-esteem as a form of treatment for helplessness depression.…

Orbach, Israel; Hadas, Ziva

1982-01-01

245

Sex and Age Differences in Body-Image, Self-Esteem, and Body Mass Index in Adolescents and Adults After Single-Ventricle Palliation  

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Single-ventricle congenital heart disease (SVCHD) requires multiple palliative surgical procedures that leave visible surgical scars and physical deficits, which can alter body-image and self-esteem. This study aimed to compare sex and age differences in body-image, self-esteem, and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents and adults with SVCHD after surgical palliation with those of a healthy control group. Using a comparative, cross-sectional design, 54 adolescent and adult (26 male and 28 female) patients, age 15–50 years, with SVCHD were compared with 66 age-matched healthy controls. Body-image and self-esteem were measured using the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire–Appearance Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Height and weight were collected from retrospective chart review, and BMI was calculated. Female adolescents and adult patients with SVCHD reported lower body image compared with males patients with SVCHD and healthy controls (p = 0.003). Specific areas of concern were face (p = 0.002), upper torso or chest (p = 0.002), and muscle tone (p = 0.001). Patients with SVCHD who were 21 years of age (p = 0.01). Despite the similarities observed in self-esteem between the two groups, female patients with SVCHD <21 years of age reported lower perceived body-image. Our findings support the need to recognize poor psychological adjustment related to low self-esteem in patients with SVCHD; female patients warrant increased scrutiny. Strategies to help patients with SVCHD cope with nonmodifiable aspects of body-image during the difficult adolescent–to–young adult years may potentially enhance self-esteem and decrease psychological distress. PMID:22314368

Evangelista, Lorraine S.; Doering, Lynn V.; Eastwood, Jo-Ann; Lewis, Alan B.; Child, John S.

2012-01-01

246

Implicit self-esteem in borderline personality and depersonalization disorder  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-identity is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD and depersonalization disorder (DPD, fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem, free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined implicit self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emotion, behavior, and temperament, in BPD (n=18, DPD (n=18, and healthy control (n=35 participants. DPD participants had significantly higher implicit self-esteem and were more harm avoidant than BPD and control participants, while BPD participants had more ‘frontal’ behaviors and impulsivity and less self-directedness and cooperativeness than DPD and control participants. Thus, while BPD and DPD commonly overlap in terms of dissociative symptoms and emotional irregularities, differences in self-esteem, behavior, and temperament can help identify where they diverge in terms of their cognition, behavior, and ultimately underlying neurobiology.

HeatherBerlin

2012-04-01

247

Self-esteem: its application to eating disorders and athletes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem, a hierarchical and multifactorial perception, can be described as the extent to which a person feels positive about himself or herself. Social factors such as life satisfaction, sex, age, and strongly held values can affect self-esteem. Low self-esteem is a well-recognized trait of those with eating disorders and may be associated with a heightened self-awareness. Body dissatisfaction, common among women in Western society, may enhance this awareness. Athletes, especially those with eating disorders, are perfectionists and have acute body awareness and a sense of loss of control. Control is a crucial issue with these athletes. Before any nutrition counseling starts, readiness to listen should be assessed in conjunction with a mental health professional. Various tools are available to assess the eating disordered athlete's self-esteem, body image, and eating behavior. Nutrition counseling can help the athlete overcome an eating disorder by clarifying misconceptions and focusing on the role of nutrition in promoting health and athletic performance. PMID:7987359

Lindeman, A K

1994-09-01

248

Help Yourself! Activities To Promote Safety and Self-Esteem.  

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First in a series of books designed to accompany the compact disk "Help Yourself," this book provides suggestions for classroom activities using the CD songs as a springboard into a curriculum for promoting self-esteem and safety skills among preschool children. Each section begins with sheet music and complete lyrics for each of the 12 songs,…

Ross, Kate

249

Self-Esteem: A Byproduct of Quality Classroom Music.  

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Notes that music instruction enhances children's self-esteem and develops a variety of skills. Presents guidelines for music programming in early education, including: (1) selecting music to help young students feel successful; (2) including movement activities; (3) using children's names whenever possible; (4) utilizing music terms to enhance…

Warner, Laverne

1999-01-01

250

Neural Manifestations of Implicit Self-Esteem: An ERP Study  

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Behavioral research has established that humans implicitly tend to hold a positive view toward themselves. In this study, we employed the event-related potential (ERP) technique to explore neural manifestations of positive implicit self-esteem using the Go/Nogo association task (GNAT). Participants generated a response (Go) or withheld a response (Nogo) to self or others words and good or bad attributes. Behavioral data showed that participants responded faster to the self paired with good than the self paired with bad, whereas the opposite proved true for others, reflecting the positive nature of implicit self-esteem. ERP results showed an augmented N200 over the frontal areas in Nogo responses relative to Go responses. Moreover, the positive implicit self-positivity bias delayed the onset time of the N200 wave difference between Nogo and Go trials, suggesting that positive implicit self-esteem is manifested on neural activity about 270 ms after the presentation of self-relevant stimuli. These findings provide neural evidence for the positivity and automaticity of implicit self-esteem. PMID:25006966

Wu, Lili; Cai, Huajian; Gu, Ruolei; Luo, Yu L. L.; Zhang, Jianxin; Yang, Jing; Shi, Yuanyuan; Ding, Lei

2014-01-01

251

Self-Esteem among Arab Adolescents in Israel.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the levels of global self-esteem of Arab adolescents in Israel and its relationship to perceived academic status and aspirations, interpersonal relationships, community type, and various demographic variables. Discusses the findings, noting that there were no significant gender differences. (CMK)

Abu-Saad, Ismael

1999-01-01

252

Literacy, Self-esteem and Locus of Control  

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In this article, Alison Galbraith and Joy Alexander use case studies of a group of primary school pupils to examine the efficacy of an integrated, eclectic approach to the teaching of literacy, including whether constructs such as self-concept and self-esteem have a bearing on academic achievement. Circle Time activities, interactive teaching…

Galbraith, Alison; Alexander, Joy

2005-01-01

253

Extracurricular Activity Involvement and Adolescent Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Structured extracurricular activity participation has been linked to self-esteem and other indicators of positive youth development. This article describes the theoretical basis for this relationship, centering on extracurricular activities as a location for identity development. A summary of the empirical evidence points to the importance of…

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

254

Communication and Self-Esteem in Adults with Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: It is estimated that around 50-90% of people with learning disabilities experience difficulties in communicating. Previous research has linked communication difficulties and self-esteem in other populations, yet this relationship has not previously been investigated for people with Down syndrome. Aims: To explore the relationship…

Jackson, Claire; Cavenagh, Penny; Clibbens, John

2014-01-01

255

Developing Self-Esteem in the Early Years  

Science.gov (United States)

Jeree Pawl, PhD, former clinical professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco and past director of the Infant-Parent Program located at San Francisco General Hospital responds to questions about how parents and caregivers can support the development of self-esteem in very young children. Contrary to the idea that…

Pawl, Jeree

2012-01-01

256

College Premarital Sex Versus Self-Esteem, Religion, and Politics.  

Science.gov (United States)

Premarital sexual attitudes of a convenience sample of 95 young unmarried college women were examined to ascertain the association between liberality of premarital sexual attitudes, religiosity, conservatism, self-reported premarital sexual behavior, and self-esteem. SPSS Pearson Correlation analysis showed different patterns for the group as a…

Socha, Elizabeth D.

257

An Assessment of Positive Organizational Behavior in Service Sector of Pakistan: Role of Organization Based Self-Esteem and Global Self-Esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of positive organizational behavior in the organizations in the service sector of Pakistan. We tested effects of organization based self-esteem, role stressors (role conflict, role overload and role ambiguity), leader-member exchange and perceived organizational support on positive organizational behavior as well as mediation of organization-based-self-esteem in this regard. Moreover, moderation of global self-esteem was also estimated in rel...

Wafa Khurram; Kamariah Bte Ismail; Syed Khurram Ali Jafri; Khairiah Soehod

2013-01-01

258

Temperamento, neuroticismo e auto-estima: estudo preliminar / Temperament, neuroticism and self-esteem: preliminary study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Esta pesquisa investigou correlações entre temperamento, neuroticismo e auto-estima. Participaram da amostra 42 universitários na faixa etária dos 19 aos 21 anos, os quais responderam às Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo, Pavlovian Temperament Survey e Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. [...] Os resultados indicaram que a dimensão força de excitação (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) apresentou correlações negativas significativas com as dimensões vulnerabilidade e ansiedade (Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo); a força de inibição (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) apresentou correlação negativa significativa com a ansiedade da Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo e a mobilidade (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) se correlacionou positivamente com desajustamento psicossocial (Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo). No que se refere à correlação entre Pavlovian Temperament Survey e Escala de Auto-Estima, não foram obtidas correlações significativas. A correlação entre Escalas Fatorial de Ajustamento Emocional/Neuroticismo e auto-estima apresentou correlações negativas significativas nas dimensões vulnerabilidade, ansiedade e depressão. Esses resultados, importantes na elaboração e implantação de programas de prevenção e intervenção, permitem verificar como diferentes características de personalidade se relacionam e que perfil individual predispõem. Abstract in english This research investigated the possible correlation among temperament, neuroticism and self - esteem. The sample was composed by 42 students from 19 to 21 years, who answered the Emotional Adjustment /Neuroticism Factorial Scales , Pavlovian Temperament Survey and Rosenberg's Self-esteem. Obtained r [...] esults indicated significant negative correlation between the dimension Strength of Excitement (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) and the dimensions vulnerability and anxiety (Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial Scales), significant negative correlation between the Strength of Inhibition (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) and the anxiety of Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial Scales, and positive correlation between the Mobility (Pavlovian Temperament Survey) maladjustment psychosocial (Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial Scales). There was no significant correlation between Pavlovian Temperament Survey and Self-esteem Scale. The correlation between Emotional Adjustment/Neuroticism Factorial and Self-esteem Scales presented significant negative correlation in vulnerability, anxiety and depression dimensions. These results are important to the development and implantation of intervention and prevention programs. Also, they bring up the different personality characteristics.

Patrícia do Carmo Pereira, Ito; Mônica, Gobitta; Raquel Souza Lobo, Guzzo.

259

A Diary Study of Implicit Self-esteem, Interpersonal Interactions and Alcohol Consumption in College Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 30-day daily diary study examined the relations among implicit self-esteem, interpersonal interactions, and alcohol consumption in college students. Multilevel analyses revealed that students with low implicit self-esteem drank more on days when they experienced more negative interpersonal interactions. In contrast, students with high implicit self-esteem drank more on days when they experienced more positive interpersonal interactions. Spending time with people who were drinking mediated both the low implicit self-esteem by negative interpersonal events interaction and the high implicit self-esteem by positive interpersonal events interaction. These findings suggest that people with low implicit self-esteem may unintentionally drink as a way to regulate unfulfilled needs for acceptance. On the other hand, people with high implicit self-esteem may drink as a way to enhance positive interpersonal experiences. PMID:20161219

Dehart, Tracy; Tennen, Howard; Armeli, Stephen; Todd, Michael; Mohr, Cynthia

2009-07-01

260

[A study on the relationships of discomfort, self-esteem, personality and life satisfaction in persons with rheumatoid arthritis].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of discomfort, self-esteem, personality and life-satisfaction in persons with rheumatoid arthritis and to provide basic data to help them attain a better quality of life. From Jan. 27 to Feb. 24, 1988, 53 patients, registered at a rheumatic clinic at one general hospital in Seoul, were accepted as subjects for this study. The instruments used for this study were a discomfort scale and life-satisfaction scale developed by the researcher, Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale and Wallston and Wallston's Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (MEILC) Scale. The reliability of the scales were tested by Cronsbach's alpha. The collected data were analyzed by the SAS program using unpaired t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficients. The results were as follows: 1. There was a significant difference in the subjects perceived discomfort level (t = -3.49, p = .0010) between the onset of the disease (14.87 +/- 9.02) and the present (19.87 +/- 8.44). 2. There was a significant correlation between the MHLC-internal score and the MHLC-chance score (r = -.4366, p = .0011). 3. The findings related to the demographic variables regarding the MHLC scores were as follows: 1) Regarding sex, there was a significant difference for the MHLC-internal score (t = 4.2572, df = 15.2, p = .0007) between male (32.13 +/- 2.47) and female (27.56 +/- 4.17). But the MHLC-chance score for male (15.13 +/- 2.85) was lower (t = 3.153 9, df = 21.8, p = .0047) than for female (19.47 +/- 6.29). 2) Regarding educational background, the MHLC-chance score for the below-high school group (20.52 +/- 5.81) was higher (t = 2.5450, df = 51.0, p = .0140) than the college graduate group (16.41 +/- 5.76). 4. The average Self-esteem score was 26.87 (S.D. = 5.29) and there was a significant correlation between the Self-esteem score and the MHLC-chance score (r = .3122, p = .0026). 5. It was found that the subjects' Discomfort score was correlated with the Self-esteem score (r = -.3788, p = .0051) and the Life-satisfaction score (r = -.3570, p = .0087). It was also found that subjects' Self-esteem score was correlated with the Life-satisfaction score (r = .4474, p = .0008). PMID:2232443

Kim, M J; Yae, S K

1990-08-01

 
 
 
 
261

Social Context Differences in the Relation Between Self-Esteem and Self-Concept during Late Adolescence.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a study of 39 college and 43 noncollege youths, social context significantly differentiated self-concept and self-esteem. College youths were higher in self-esteem, adjustment, achievement, and agency. Also, social context was found to differentiate the relation between self-concept and self-esteem: agency predicted self-esteem among college…

Greene, A. L.; Reed, Elizabeth

1992-01-01

262

Self-Esteem and Children's Reactions to Youth Sport Coaching Behaviors: A Field Study of Self-Enhancement Processes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied the attraction responses of child athletes to coaches who differed in their behavior patterns during the season. Children with low self-esteem responded positively to coaches with high self-esteem and negatively to coaches with low self-esteem on the instructiveness and supportiveness dimensions. Moderate- and high-self-esteem children…

Smith, Ronald E.; Smoll, Frank L.

1990-01-01

263

Autoestima em pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia / Self-esteem in patients undergoing blepharoplasty  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: Os olhos constituem estruturas anatômicas importantes no conjunto estético da face. O olhar transmite aspectos da personalidade e sentimentos de um indivíduo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes. MÉTODO: No período de maio de 2006 a [...] abril de 2007, 49 pacientes do sexo feminino, com idades entre 30 anos e 40 anos, foram submetidas a blefaroplastia. Nas pálpebras superiores, foram realizadas excisão do excedente cutâneo e ressecção do excesso do corpo adiposo da órbita ("bolsas adiposas"), em todas as pacientes. Em 24 pacientes o fechamento foi feito com Dermabond® (2-octil-cianoacrilato) e em 25 foi realizada sutura intradérmica com mononáilon 6-0. Nas pálpebras inferiores, foi realizada blefaroplastia inferior transconjuntival sem ressecção de excedente cutâneo em 25 pacientes, e blefaroplastia inferior transcutânea com retalho miocutâneo em 24. Em todas as pálpebras inferiores foi ressecado o excedente gorduroso do corpo adiposo da órbita. Para avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes, foi utilizado o questionário The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, aplicado na fase pré-operatória, um mês e três meses após a cirurgia. A análise estatística foi feita pela análise de variâncias com medidas repetidas (ANOVA), complementada pelo método de Bonferroni. Foi empregado o coeficiente de correlação linear de Pearson. A média de idade foi de 34 anos. RESULTADOS: O escore médio da escala de autoestima passou de 7, no pré-operatório, para 4,72 no primeiro mês e 4,63 no terceiro mês de pós-operatório. CONCLUSÕES: Foi observada melhora da autoestima nas pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia, melhora estatisticamente significante apenas nos grupos submetidos a blefaroplastia superior com fechamento com Dermabond e inferior com retalho miocutâneo. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The eyes are important anatomical structures in the aesthetic whole of the face. A person's gaze communicates aspects of their personality and feelings. This study evaluated the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem. METHODS: From May 2006 to April 2007, 49 female patient [...] s aged 30 to 40 years (mean, 34 years) were subjected to blepharoplasty. In the upper eyelids, we excised excess skin and resected excess adipose tissue around the orbit ("fat pockets") in all patients. In 24 and 25 patients, closure with Dermabond® (2-octyl cyanoacrylate) and intradermic suturing with mononylon 6-0, respectively, was performed. In the lower eyelids, we performed lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty without resecting excess skin in 25 patients and lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap in 24 patients. In all the lower eyelids, we resected the excess fat of the adipose body of the orbit. To evaluate the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem, we applied the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale before and at 30 and 90 days after the operation. Statistical analyses were performed by applying analysis of variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni correction, and Pearson's linear correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The mean score in the self-esteem scale changed from 7.0 before the operation to 4.72 and 4.63 after 30 and 90 days of the operation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We observed an improvement in self-esteem after blepharoplasty, but this improvement was only statistically significant in the group subjected to upper blepharoplasty with Dermabond® closure and lower blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap.

Carlos Koji, Ishizuka.

264

Influence of negative affectivity and self-esteem on the oral health related quality of life in patients receiving oral rehabilitation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the personality traits Negative Affectivity (NA) and self-esteem influenced the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in patients receiving oral rehabilitation. Methods: OHRQoL was measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), NA with a short form of the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), and self-esteem with Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in 66 patients treated with removable dental prosthesis (RDP). The minimally important difference (MID), effect size (ES), and standard error of the measurement (SEM) were used to clinically interpret the patient-reported effect. Results: The OHIP-49 score was significantly higher and exceeded the MID pre- and post-treatment in participants with high EPI-Q and low RSES score compared to participants with low EPI-Q and high RSES score. The improvement in OHIP-49 score was significant and not limited by high EPI-Q and low RSES score. High EPI-Q score was associated high improvement in OHIP-49 score and the ES of the improvement in participants with high EPI-Q was large and exceeded the MID and SEM. Conclusion: Treatment with RDP improves the OHRQoL regardless of level of NA and self-esteem. High NA is associated with a large effect, but both high NA and low self-esteem is associated with poorer OHRQoL both before and after treatment.

Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

2013-01-01

265

Materialism, Self-Esteem, Life Satisfaction and Media Usage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Does money make us happy and content? And do we, as humans, feel better, when we acquire material possessions? Questions that have been discussed long since have recently experienced a renewed interest. Psychologists and economists found new aspects in the wake of studies about life satisfaction on the one side and the cultivating influence of the mass media – especially television – on the other side. The aim of the present study was to examine to what extent media consumption affects materialistic orientations, and materialistic orientations in turn affect the life satisfaction and self-esteem of a sample of 123 participants. The results confirm – in parts – prior findings on the association between television consumption and materialism. Further analyses show a more refined picture of the relationship between consumption of television, materialism, and self-esteem or life satisfaction, respectively. The results are discussed in the light of prior findings.

Bak, P. M.

2011-11-01

266

Self-esteem, self-affirmation, and schadenfreude.  

Science.gov (United States)

In two studies we demonstrated that self-esteem has a negative relationship with schadenfreude toward a high achiever and that this relationship was mediated by the self-threat evoked by this high achiever. Moreover, we showed that this indirect relationship was contingent on an opportunity to affirm the self. When no self-affirmation opportunity was available, low self-esteem participants experienced a stronger self-threat when confronted with a high achiever, and this self-threat increased their schadenfreude, whereas this response was attenuated when they were given an opportunity to self-affirm. These findings indicate that the misfortunes of others can evoke schadenfreude because they provide people with an opportunity to protect or enhance their self-views. PMID:22142213

van Dijk, Wilco W; van Koningsbruggen, Guido M; Ouwerkerk, Jaap W; Wesseling, Yoka M

2011-12-01

267

The Dynamics of Self-Esteem in Cognitive Therapy for Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders: An Adaptive Role of Self-Esteem Variability?  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem variability is often associated with poor functioning. However, in disorders with entrenched negative views of self and in a context designed to challenge those views, variable self-esteem might represent a marker of change. We examined self-esteem variability in a sample of 27 patients with Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders who received Cognitive Therapy (CT). A therapy coding system was used to rate patients’ positive and negative views of self expressed in the first ten sessions of a 52-week treatment. Ratings of negative (reverse scored) and positive view of self were summed to create a composite score for each session. Self-esteem variability was calculated as the standard deviation of self-esteem scores across sessions. More self-esteem variability predicted more improvement in personality disorder and depression symptoms at the end of treatment, beyond baseline and average self-esteem. Early variability in self-esteem, in this population and context, appeared to be a marker of therapeutic change. PMID:22923855

Cummings, Jorden A.; Hayes, Adele M.; Cardaciotto, LeeAnn; Newman, Cory F.

2011-01-01

268

Social explanations and self-esteem in Northern Ireland.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between group-serving attributional biases and self-esteem among Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland was examined. There was little evidence of any consistently positive association between these variables. Differential patterns of group-serving biases were clearly evident. The Catholics demonstrated more pronounced levels of bias, whereas the Protestants tended to be more selective about the dimensions on which they displayed discrimination. These differential patterns of bias were consistent with each group's relative status position. PMID:8283861

Hunter, J A; Stringer, M; Coleman, J T

1993-10-01

269

Implicit Self-Esteem in Borderline Personality and Depersonalization Disorder  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Self-perception is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depersonalization disorder (DPD), fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem (ISE), free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined ISE using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emot...

Hedrick, Alexis N.; Berlin, Heather A.

2012-01-01

270

Age and gender differences in the self-esteem of Chinese children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A Chinese version of the Self-Description Questionnaire 1 (SDQ-1; Marsh, 1988) was used to investigate age and gender differences in a sample of 303 male and 296 female 10-year-old children and 116 male and 116 female 13-year-old children attending typical Beijing public schools. Significant Age x Gender interaction effects were found on all 8 SDQ-1 scales. Main effects for age were found on the Physical Abilities, Reading, and School subscales and for gender on the same three subscales plus Peer Relations. Further analysis indicated that the older girls tended to report significantly lower self-esteem than both the younger girls and older boys in the areas of physical abilities, reading, mathematics, and general self-concept. The boys reported more positive self-perceptions on most nonacademic self-scales, but both the older boys and older girls reported less favorable self-esteem than their younger peers on the scales for reading and school in general. PMID:9200974

Watkins, D; Dong, Q; Xia, Y

1997-06-01

271

Intuition and the correspondence between implicit and explicit self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four studies tested whether the perceived validity of intuition increases the correspondence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Studies 1 and 2 found, with 2 different measures of implicit self-esteem, that people who chronically view their intuition as valid have more consistent implicit and explicit self-esteem. In contrast, people with relatively low faith in their intuition had a negative relation between implicit and explicit self-esteem, suggesting that they may overcorrect their explicit self-views for the potential bias posed by implicit self-esteem. In Studies 3 and 4, participants who were induced to view their intuition as valid reported explicit self-views (self-evaluations made under time pressure, or state self-esteem) that were more consistent with their implicit self-esteem. These results suggest that people experience implicit self-esteem as intuitive evaluations. The correspondence between implicit and explicit self-esteem among individuals who view their intuition as valid may suggest that these individuals incorporate implicit self-esteem into their explicit self-views. PMID:18072855

Jordan, Christian H; Whitfield, Mervyn; Zeigler-Hill, Virgil

2007-12-01

272

Low and decreasing self-esteem during adolescence predict adult depression two decades later.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies revealed that low self-esteem is prospectively associated with depression. However, self-esteem has been shown to change over time. We thus hypothesized that not only level but also change in self-esteem affect depression. Using data from a 23-year longitudinal study (N = 1,527), we therefore examined the prospective effects of global and domain-specific self-esteem (physical attractiveness, academic competence) level and change on depressive symptoms 2 decades later. Self-esteem was assessed annually from age 12 to 16, and depression was assessed at age 16 and 35. Results from latent growth curve analyses demonstrated that both level and change in self-esteem served as predictors for adult depression. Individuals who entered adolescence with low self-esteem, and/or whose self-esteem declined further during the adolescent years, were more likely to exhibit symptoms of depression 2 decades later as adults; this pattern held both for global and domain-specific self-esteem. These findings highlight the importance of adolescent self-esteem development for mental health outcomes in adulthood. PMID:24467425

Steiger, Andrea E; Allemand, Mathias; Robins, Richard W; Fend, Helmut A

2014-02-01

273

Parenting Effects on Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Late Adolescence and How Those Factors Impact Adjustment to College  

Science.gov (United States)

Approximately three months before starting college, 203 high school seniors completed a questionnaire consisting of the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) assessing their parents' parenting styles. The PAQ yielded scores on three parenting styles originally proposed by…

Smith, Gregory J

2007-01-01

274

The Effects of Self-esteem, Age and Gender on the Speaking Skills of Intermediate University EFL Learners  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, age and gender on the one hand and speaking skills on the other hand. For this purpose, based on an OPT test twenty intermediate Persian learners of English were selected from among undergraduate EFL students studying towards a B.A. in teaching English as a foreign language at Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch. Using a modified version of Farhady, et. al.’s scale (1995), measuring the five subskills of vocab...

Saeed Ketabi; Bahareh Koosha; Zohreh Kassaian

2011-01-01

275

Depressão e auto-estima entre acadêmicos de enfermagem / Depression and self-esteem among nursing students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Há evidências sobre o aumento dos casos de depressão e suas conseqüências na vida das pessoas. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo objetivou conhecer sinais indicativos de depressão e níveis de auto-estima entre acadêmicos de enfermagem, correlacionando esses indicadores. METODOLOGIA: aplicou-se 2 esca [...] las de avaliação (depressão e auto-estima), auto-respondidas por 242 alunos do 1º, 2º e 3º anos de enfermagem que concordaram em participar. RESULTADOS: Idade entre 17 e 44 anos, sendo 40% acima dos 25, 4,4% não solteiros e 4,9% homens, indicando mudança no perfil dos alunos. Encontrou-se 80,8% de alunos sem depressão sendo que todos com altos níveis de estima pessoal (17%) estavam neste grupo. Os demais (80,4%) tinham níveis médios de auto-estima. A porcentagem de disforia (10,3%) e de depressão moderada e grave (6,7%) bem como os níveis de auto-estima condizem com os índices referidos na literatura. CONCLUSÕES: a freqüência de depressão entre estudantes está em níveis esperados, porém níveis de estima pessoal estão abaixo. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence about the increasing incidence of depression and the consequences in people's lives. OBJECTIVE: This study aymed to describe and correlate depression symptoms and self-esteem levels among nursing students. METHODS: 242 first, second and third-year nursing studen [...] ts agreed to participate and answered two depression scales and one self-esteem assessment instrument. RESULTS: Participants were between 17 and 44 years old; 40% were older than 25; 4.4% were not single and 4.9% were men. These results indicate that the students' profile is changing. 80.8% of students did not present any signs of depression and all students with high self-esteem scores belonged to this group. The remaining (80.4%) presented average self-esteem levels. Levels of dysphoria (10.3%), moderate and severe depression (6.7%) and low and average self-esteem correspond to results mentioned in literature. CONCLUSION: Depression symptoms among nursing students are in accordance with the literature, but measures of self-esteem are below the expected levels.

Antonia Regina Ferreira, Furegato; Edilaine Cristina da, Silva; Mariara Cássia de, Campos; Roberta Peliçari de Toledo, Cassiano.

276

Pregnant women, body image and self-esteem according to the examination of some of the variables  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Pregnancy is a natural life of women in crisis. Pregnant women, during pregnancy important psychological, physiological and emotional changes live. These changes also affect body perceptions and subsequent self-respect. The purpose of this study, pregnant women and their self-esteem according to some variables to examine the perceptions of the body. The study was carried out using cross-sectional method. Sample of the study, between 15 March 2009 to 15 June 2009 Mayis University Medical Faculty Hospital Outpatient Clinic on 126 pregnant women admitted constituted. Pregnant women in order to collect data, "Coppersmith Self Esteem Inventory ',' Body Image Scale 'and' Personal Information Form 'was applied. The data obtained, percentage ratings, the t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann Whitney test and correlation analysis were evaluated using one-way. Results, scores of young age, pregnant women's body image is higher than others (r =- 0,305, p = 0.001, educational level of the relationship between body image and self-esteem levels and significantly (p <0.05 that, with the body of pregnant women in marriage is a negative correlation between perceptions of pregnant women, body image scores decreased with increasing years of marriage (r =- 0,297, p = 0.001., pregnant women with high socio-economic level, a higher body image scores (p <0.01, non-pregnant body does not use perception scores were higher. In addition, women who want to become pregnant have a higher self-esteem and body perception, number of pregnancies is higher than others, at least the perception of the body of pregnant women (r =- 0,254, p = 0.01, pregnant women affected by perceptions of physical self-esteem, self-esteem is high pregnant women's body perceptions (those with high body image 139.8 ± 25.2 points, moderate (120.6 ± 30.9 points was higher than in those with a statistically significant difference (t =- 3,819, p = 0.000. was found. The results are discussed

Hatice Kumca??z

2012-08-01

277

Depressão e auto-estima entre acadêmicos de enfermagem Depression and self-esteem among nursing students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Há evidências sobre o aumento dos casos de depressão e suas conseqüências na vida das pessoas. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo objetivou conhecer sinais indicativos de depressão e níveis de auto-estima entre acadêmicos de enfermagem, correlacionando esses indicadores. METODOLOGIA: aplicou-se 2 escalas de avaliação (depressão e auto-estima, auto-respondidas por 242 alunos do 1º, 2º e 3º anos de enfermagem que concordaram em participar. RESULTADOS: Idade entre 17 e 44 anos, sendo 40% acima dos 25, 4,4% não solteiros e 4,9% homens, indicando mudança no perfil dos alunos. Encontrou-se 80,8% de alunos sem depressão sendo que todos com altos níveis de estima pessoal (17% estavam neste grupo. Os demais (80,4% tinham níveis médios de auto-estima. A porcentagem de disforia (10,3% e de depressão moderada e grave (6,7% bem como os níveis de auto-estima condizem com os índices referidos na literatura. CONCLUSÕES: a freqüência de depressão entre estudantes está em níveis esperados, porém níveis de estima pessoal estão abaixo.BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence about the increasing incidence of depression and the consequences in people's lives. OBJECTIVE: This study aymed to describe and correlate depression symptoms and self-esteem levels among nursing students. METHODS: 242 first, second and third-year nursing students agreed to participate and answered two depression scales and one self-esteem assessment instrument. RESULTS: Participants were between 17 and 44 years old; 40% were older than 25; 4.4% were not single and 4.9% were men. These results indicate that the students' profile is changing. 80.8% of students did not present any signs of depression and all students with high self-esteem scores belonged to this group. The remaining (80.4% presented average self-esteem levels. Levels of dysphoria (10.3%, moderate and severe depression (6.7% and low and average self-esteem correspond to results mentioned in literature. CONCLUSION: Depression symptoms among nursing students are in accordance with the literature, but measures of self-esteem are below the expected levels.

Antonia Regina Ferreira Furegato

2006-01-01

278

Level of Anxiety, Depression, Self-Esteem, Social Anxiety, and Quality of Life among the Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous disease and many symptoms are seen with varying degrees. The aim of the present study was to determine which symptoms increased such problems as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and social worry by classifying PCOS according to symptoms. Methods. The study was carried out with two groups. The first group consisted of 86 patients who were diagnosed with PCOS and the second group consisted of 47 healthy volunteers. Liebowitz' Social Anxiety Scale, Rosenberg' Self-Esteem Scale, Short-Form 36, Quality of Life Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory were administered to each volunteer. Results. Depression scores of infertile group were higher while anxiety scores of the obese group were bigger than other groups. It was the obesity group that received the smallest score in self-esteem and trust in people and the highest score in sensitiveness to criticism. The most affected group was oligomenorrhea-hirsutism group in terms of physical functioning, physical role function, pain, social functioning, emotional role function, and emotional well-being. Conclusion. We suggest that not only gynecologist but also a multidisciplinary team may examine these patients. PMID:23935436

Acmaz, Gokhan; Albayrak, Evrim; Acmaz, Banu; Baser, Muruvvet; Soyak, Murat; Zarars?z, Gokmen; IpekMuderris, Iptisam

2013-01-01

279

Reporting tendencies underlie discrepancies between implicit and explicit measures of self-esteem.  

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The assumption that implicit measures assess associations that are not accessible to consciousness abounds in current social cognition research. In the present report, we question this assumption, focusing on the construct of implicit self-esteem as a case in point. Although researchers often argue that implicitly measured self-esteem is unconscious, we provide evidence that it is not, and that discrepancies between implicit and explicit measures of self-esteem are the result of reporting tendencies. Study 1 demonstrated that individuals for whom explicitly measured self-esteem is relatively high and implicitly measured self-esteem is relatively low admit to overpresenting themselves. In Study 2, implicit and explicit measures of self-esteem were related when subjects were urged to avoid over- or underpresenting themselves when responding to the explicit measures. We discuss the critical distinction between awareness of one's attitudes and awareness of their influence. PMID:17470249

Olson, Michael A; Fazio, Russell H; Hermann, Anthony D

2007-04-01

280

Effects of contingent self-esteem on depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior.  

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Contingent self-esteem, or self-worth hinged upon successfully meeting standards or attaining goals, requires continual maintenance and validation. Despite the inherent instability that accompanies contingent self-esteem, relatively little is known about how it relates to markers of mental health. A sample of 371 college students completed measures of self-esteem, contingent self-esteem, suicidal behaviors, and depression. Individuals with fragile low self-esteem, described as highly contingent, reported greater depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior. Among those with secure high self-esteem, or high yet noncontingent, depression and suicide risk were markedly lower. Therapeutically promoting positive but noncontingent self-worth may reduce poor mental health outcomes. PMID:24499415

Lakey, Chad E; Hirsch, Jameson K; Nelson, Lyndsay A; Nsamenang, Sheri A

2014-10-01

 
 
 
 
281

Children of divorce and its effect on their self-esteem.  

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The purpose was to investigate the temporal relationship of divorce with self-esteem of children and to assess differences in self-esteem, if any, between children of divorced families and children of intact families. The self-esteem of 60 children in Grade 9 and from divorced homes was measured using the Culture-free Self-esteem inventory. There was no significant positive correlation between the passage of time and higher self-esteem among these children. Independent t tests were then computed using the inventory scores of 60 students in Grade 9 from homes with both parents and the 60 from homes of divorced parents. Significant differences in self-esteem were found between the two groups. PMID:8909066

Bynum, M K; Durm, M W

1996-10-01

282

Preocupación por la apariencia física y alteraciones emocionales en mujeres con trastornos alimentarios con autoestima baja (Body shape concern and emotional disturbances in women with eating disorders and low self-esteem  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in age, nutritional state (Body Mass Index or BMI, anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction in eating disorder (ED patients with low, medium and high self-esteem. We also attempted to identify discrepancies between the real and desired nutritional state. A total of 146 women with EDs (anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; DSM-IV-TR criteria were evaluated. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES were used as measurement instruments. The results showed significant differences between the low, medium and high self-esteem patients regarding anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction, desired BMI and the relationship between real and desired BMI. The women with low self-esteem presented higher levels of anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction than the other groups. Furthermore, ED patients with low self-esteem have a stronger desire to achieve their ideal BMI. We suggest including self-esteem techniques in ED prevention and treatment programs in order to decrease anxiety and depression symptoms.

María Luisa Avargues Navarro

2012-08-01

283

Self-esteem of boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – pilot study [Samoocena ch?opców z zespo?em nadpobudliwo?ci psychoruchowej i zaburze? koncentracji uwagi – doniesienie wst?pne  

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Full Text Available Aim. To compare the self concept of boys with ADHD and health subjects; to determine which symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD or conduct disorder (CD have the greatest impact on self-concept. Method. Polish version of The Harter Self-Esteem Questionnaire (HSEQ was filled by boys with ADHD and control group. In addition, a diagnosis of ODD and CD was made in ADHD group. Results. A significant difference was observed between boys with ADHD and control group on the following scales of HSEQ: Global Self-Esteem Subscale, Social Acceptance Subscale and Scholastic Performance Subscale. No significant influence of the quantity and intensity of ADHD and ODD symptoms on self-esteem was found. A significant correlation was indicated between all scales of HSEQ and quantity and intensity of symptoms of ADHD. Conclusions. Boys with ADHD have lower self-esteem than their healthy peers and their global self-esteem, social acceptance and school skills are most affected. The presence of conduct disorder (CD had the greatest impact on the decrease of self esteem in ADHD group.

B?achno, Magdalena

2013-04-01

284

A autoestima afeta a insatisfação corporal em adolescentes do sexo feminino? / Does self-esteem affect body dissatisfaction levels in female adolescents?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a influência da autoestima na insatisfação corporal de adolescentes do sexo feminino. Métodos: Participaram 397 adolescentes com idade entre 12 e 17 anos. Utilizou-se o Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) para avaliar a insatisfação corporal. A Escala de Aut [...] oestima de Rosemberg foi utilizada para avaliar a autoestima. Foram mensurados peso corporal, estatura e dobras cutâneas. Esses dados antropométricos foram controlados nas análises estatísticas. Resultados: O modelo de regressão múltipla indicou influência das subescalas "autoestima positiva" (R2=0,16; p=0,001) e "autoestima negativa" (R2=0,23; p=0,001) nos escores do BSQ. A análise univariada de covariância demonstrou diferenças nos escores do BSQ (p=0,001) em razão dos grupos de autoestima. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a autoestima influenciou a insatisfação corporal em meninas adolescentes de Juiz de Fora/MG. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the influence of self-esteem on levels of body dissatisfaction among adolescent females. Methods: A group of 397 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were enrolled in the study. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was applied to assess body dissatisfaction. The Rosenberg Self-Es [...] teem Scale was used to assess self-esteem. Weight, height, and skinfold thickness were also measured. These anthropometric data were controlled in the statistical analyses. Results: The multiple regression model indicated influence of "positive self-esteem" (R2=0.16; p=0.001) and "negative self-esteem" (R2=0.23; p=0.001) subscales on the BSQ scores. Univariate analysis of covariance demonstrated differences in BSQ scores (p=0.001) according to groups of self-esteem. Conclusion: It was concluded that self-esteem influenced body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls from Juiz de Fora, MG.

Leonardo de Sousa, Fortes; Flávia Marcele, Cipriani; Fernanda Dias, Coelho; Santiago Tavares, Paes; Maria Elisa Caputo, Ferreira.

285

Physical activity and quality of life among university students: exploring self-efficacy, self-esteem, and affect as potential mediators  

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Purpose Physical activity (PA) has been shown to enhance quality of life (QOL) in older adults. Findings from these studies indicate that the relationship between PA and QOL is indirect and likely mediated by variables such as physical self-esteem, exercise self-efficacy, and affect. As PA varies greatly by age, the purpose of the current study is to extend this area of research to young adults and explore the complex relationship between PA and QOL in this target population. Methods Data were collected via anonymous questionnaire from N = 590 undergraduate students. PA was assessed with the Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, and QOL was assessed by the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Path analysis was used to test the relationship between PA and QOL, with mediators of exercise self-efficacy, physical self-esteem, and affect. Results The PA model (RMSEA = .03, CFI = .99) accounted for 25 % of the variance in QOL. PA had positive direct effects on exercise self-efficacy (? = .28, P < .001), physical self-esteem (? = .10, P < .001), positive affect (? = .10, P < .05), and negative affect (? = .08, P < .05). Physical self-esteem was found to be the most powerful mediating variable on QOL (? = .30, P < .001), followed by positive affect (? = .27, P < .001) and negative affect (? = .14, P < .001). Conclusion Physical self-esteem and, to a lesser extent, positive affect emerged as integral components in the link between PA and QOL. Findings suggest that health education programs designed to promote regular PA and increase physical self-esteem may be effective in improving QOL in young adults. PMID:23928820

Joseph, Rodney P.; Royse, Kathryn E.; Benitez, Tanya J.; Pekmezi, Dorothy W.

2014-01-01

286

A autoestima afeta a insatisfação corporal em adolescentes do sexo feminino? / Does self-esteem affect body dissatisfaction levels in female adolescents?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a influência da autoestima na insatisfação corporal de adolescentes do sexo feminino. Métodos: Participaram 397 adolescentes com idade entre 12 e 17 anos. Utilizou-se o Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) para avaliar a insatisfação corporal. A Escala de Aut [...] oestima de Rosemberg foi utilizada para avaliar a autoestima. Foram mensurados peso corporal, estatura e dobras cutâneas. Esses dados antropométricos foram controlados nas análises estatísticas. Resultados: O modelo de regressão múltipla indicou influência das subescalas "autoestima positiva" (R2=0,16; p=0,001) e "autoestima negativa" (R2=0,23; p=0,001) nos escores do BSQ. A análise univariada de covariância demonstrou diferenças nos escores do BSQ (p=0,001) em razão dos grupos de autoestima. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a autoestima influenciou a insatisfação corporal em meninas adolescentes de Juiz de Fora/MG. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the influence of self-esteem on levels of body dissatisfaction among adolescent females. Methods: A group of 397 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were enrolled in the study. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was applied to assess body dissatisfaction. The Rosenberg Self-Es [...] teem Scale was used to assess self-esteem. Weight, height, and skinfold thickness were also measured. These anthropometric data were controlled in the statistical analyses. Results: The multiple regression model indicated influence of "positive self-esteem" (R2=0.16; p=0.001) and "negative self-esteem" (R2=0.23; p=0.001) subscales on the BSQ scores. Univariate analysis of covariance demonstrated differences in BSQ scores (p=0.001) according to groups of self-esteem. Conclusion: It was concluded that self-esteem influenced body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls from Juiz de Fora, MG.

Leonardo de Sousa, Fortes; Flávia Marcele, Cipriani; Fernanda Dias, Coelho; Santiago Tavares, Paes; Maria Elisa Caputo, Ferreira.

2014-09-01

287

Transtornos mentais comuns e auto-estima na gestação: prevalência e fatores associados Common mental disorders and self-esteem in pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors  

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Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC e sua relação com auto-estima, bem como outros fatores associados à ocorrência de TMC em gestantes. Foi realizado um estudo transversal aninhado a uma coorte no qual participaram gestantes atendidas no serviço de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde na cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foi utilizado para o rastreamento de transtornos mentais comuns o Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20 e, para avalia a auto-estima, a Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. A amostra constituiu-se de 1.267 gestantes, que tinham em média 25 anos (dp = 6,53. A média de auto-estima foi de 9,3 pontos (dp = 4,76 e a prevalência de TMC em gestantes foi de 41,4%. Evidenciou-se, também, que quanto menor a auto-estima da grávida maiores são as chances de associação a TMC (p The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and the association with self-esteem and other factors in pregnant women. A nested cross-sectional study was performed in a cohort of pregnant women treated in the public health system in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20 was used to screen for common mental disorders and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale for self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,267 pregnant women with a mean age of 25 years (SD = 6.53. Mean self-esteem was 9.3 points (SD = 4.76, and prevalence of common mental disorders was 41.4%. Lower self-esteem was associated with higher odds of common mental disorders (p < 0.001. There was a significant association between higher prevalence of common mental disorders and low self-esteem.

Ricardo Azevedo da Silva

2010-09-01

288

Are there links between children's self-esteem and parent/child interaction in Guatemalan children?  

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This investigation examined the relations between children’s self-esteem and parent/child interaction. It also searched for a link between self-esteem and numbers of siblings, gender and working after school. 47 students from public schools in Guatemala City, Guatemala (age 10-14 years old) participated in this study (14 girls and 33 boys). Participants completed measures of Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and a questionnaire regarding Parent - Child Interactions. The study showed that th...

Lundstro?m, Camilla

2014-01-01

289

Associations of multiple domains of self-esteem with four dimensions of stigma in schizophrenia  

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Research suggests global self-esteem among persons with schizophrenia may be negatively affected by stigma or stereotyped beliefs about persons with severe mental illness. Less clear however, is whether particular dimensions of self-esteem are linked to particular domains of stigma. To examine this we surveyed a range of self-esteem dimensions including lovability, personal power, competence and moral self-approval and four domains of stigma: Stereotype endorsement, Discrimination experience,...

Lysaker, Paul H.; Tsai, Jack; Yanos, Philip; Roe, David

2008-01-01

290

Self-Esteem in Hearing-Impaired Children: The Influence of Communication, Education, and Audiological Characteristics  

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Objective Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI) children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH) children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiological characteristics. Methods This large (N?=?252) retrospective, multicenter study consisted of two age- and gender-matched groups: 123 HI children and 129 NH controls (mean age ?=?11.8 years). Self-reports were used to measure self-esteem across four domains: perceived social acceptance by peers, perceived parental attention, perceived physical appearance, and global self-esteem. Results HI children experienced lower levels of self-esteem regarding peers and parents than NH controls. Particularly HI children who attended special education for the deaf were at risk, even after correcting for their language development and intelligence. Yet, levels of global self-esteem and self-esteem involving physical appearance in HI children equalled those of NH controls. Furthermore, younger age at implantation and longer duration of having cochlear implants (CIs) were related to higher levels of self-esteem. Conclusion HI children experience lower levels of self-esteem in the social domains. Yet, due to the heterogeneity of the HI population, there is high variability in levels of self-esteem. Discussion Clinicians must always be aware of the risk and protective factors related to self-esteem in order to help individual patients reach their full potential. PMID:24722329

Theunissen, Stephanie C. P. M.; Rieffe, Carolien; Netten, Anouk P.; Briaire, Jeroen J.; Soede, Wim; Kouwenberg, Maartje; Frijns, Johan H. M.

2014-01-01

291

Self-esteem and its influence on the achievements of the entrepreneur  

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The purpose of this exploratory research was to explore the influence that self-esteem has on the achievements of the entrepreneur. The study seeks to determine what role self-esteem plays in that which drives entrepreneurs to achieve great success, and in some instances, even after monumental failure. To this end, the role of self-esteems in the persistence to achieve success and the conquering of the effects of failure was explored.Eight entrepreneurs were interviewed for the purpose...

Coertzen, Andre Benjamin

2013-01-01

292

Role of self-esteem in the relationship between stress and ingratiation.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relations among self-esteem, stress, and ingratiatory behaviors in the workplace were examined. Competing models for moderating and mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationship between stress and ingratiation were presented. Data from a sample of 136 employees at a state lottery organization were used to test the competing models. Support was found for the full mediation model, wherein self-esteem completely mediated the relationship between stress and ingratiation. PMID:21526608

Wu, Keke; Li, Chenwei; Johnson, Diane E

2011-02-01

293

Stereotype Awareness, Self-Esteem and Psychopathology in People with Psychosis  

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Introduction Stigma is an important environmental risk factor for a variety of outcomes in schizophrenia. In order to understand and remediate its effects, research is required to assess how stigma experiences are processed at the level of the individual. To this end, stereotype awareness (SA) with respect to people with mental illness and their families was explored in persons with psychotic disorder. Method Data from the Dutch Genetic Risk and OUtcome of Psychosis project (GROUP) were analyzed. SA was measured using scales that assess a respondent's perception of common opinions about people with a mental illness and their families. Results People with higher level of self-esteem were less aware of stereotypes about patients and families. People with more severe psychopathology reported more awareness of stereotypes about families, not about patients. Conclusion Enhancing psychological resources, by increasing self-esteem and the ability to cope with symptoms, can be targeted to diminish stereotype threat and improve stigma resilience. Interventions can be tailored to individual differences to increase their impact. Furthermore, in order to diminish detrimental consequences of negative stereotypes, mental health professionals, health educators and experts by experience can inform the public about mental illness and stigma. PMID:24523918

van Zelst, Catherine; van Nierop, Martine; Oorschot, Margreet; Myin-Germeys, Inez; van Os, Jim; Delespaul, Philippe

2014-01-01

294

Relationship in Japan between maternal grandmothers' perinatal support and their self-esteem.  

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This study investigated the influence on their mental well-being of the perinatal support given by Japanese grandmothers. The Rosenberg self-esteem and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scales were used to assess grandmothers' mental well-being before and after their daughters' childbirth. Of 198 grandmothers, 176 (88.9%) supported their daughters and three patterns of perinatal support were observed: grandmothers' support at the grandparents' house before childbirth (n = 95) (Satogaeri bunben; Japanese traditional perinatal support), grandmothers' support at the grandparents' house after childbirth (n = 53); and grandmothers' support at the daughters' house (n = 28). Those who supported their daughters at the grandparents' house before childbirth - especially the middle-aged (less than 60 years old) - showed significantly lower scores of self-esteem. Scores of CES-D did not significantly change before and after childbirth in either subgroup of grandmothers. It was concluded that grandmothers play an important role in supporting their daughters, and Satogaeri bunben is a typical event in modern Japan. However, Satogaeri bunben is a burden for middle-aged grandmothers, and we need to support them. PMID:23809679

Iseki, Atsuko; Ohashi, Kazutomo

2014-06-01

295

Implicit and explicit self-esteem in the context of internet addiction.  

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Previous research has repeatedly found that people suffering from some clinical disorders (e.g., bulimia nervosa, depression) possess low explicit (i.e., conscious, deliberate) self-esteem while at the same time displaying high implicit (i.e., unconscious, automatic) self-esteem. This phenomenon has been termed damaged self-esteem and was proposed to be an indicator of psychological distress. Although Internet addiction has been found to be associated with low levels of explicit self-esteem, as well as with high levels of psychological distress, its relation to implicit self-esteem has, to our knowledge, not been investigated thus far. We therefore hypothesized that the phenomenon of damaged self-esteem could also be found amongst people suffering from Internet addiction, and conducted two studies using the Initial Preference Task as a measure of implicit self-esteem. As expected, we found that individuals scoring high on Internet addiction possess low explicit and high implicit self-esteem. This effect was, however, only found for the first name initial of the Initial Preference Task, leading to the conclusion that first and last name initials might tap into different parts of implicit self-esteem. PMID:21142993

Stieger, Stefan; Burger, Christoph

2010-12-01

296

The Relationship between Self-esteem, Personality Type and Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Students  

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Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sample from English Institutes. The sample consisted of 55 students (13 males and 42 females. Pearson Coefficient-Moment Product Correlation was used to determine the relationship between variables. Results of the study revealed that there was a positive relationship between overall self-esteem and reading comprehension, and overall self-esteem and personality type, in general. Likewise, positive relationships between situational and task self-esteem with reading comprehension were shown but there wasn't a significant relationship between global self-esteem and reading comprehension. Also the relationship between personality type and reading comprehension was insignificant.

Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri

2012-08-01

297

An Assessment of Positive Organizational Behavior in Service Sector of Pakistan: Role of Organization Based Self-Esteem and Global Self-Esteem  

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Full Text Available This study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of positive organizational behavior in the organizations in the service sector of Pakistan. We tested effects of organization based self-esteem, role stressors (role conflict, role overload and role ambiguity, leader-member exchange and perceived organizational support on positive organizational behavior as well as mediation of organization-based-self-esteem in this regard. Moreover, moderation of global self-esteem was also estimated in relationship between organization based self-esteem and positive organizational behavior. Data from 250 respondents from three service sectors of Pakistan (bank, hotel and education was collected through mail survey and using stratified random sampling technique. Data analysis on the usable 215 questionnaires was made by using hierarchical multiple regression. Significant direct and indirect results through mediation of organization based self-esteem were found only for leader-member exchange, perceived organizational support and role ambiguity. Nevertheless, global self-esteem was not found to moderate the relationship of organization base self-esteem and positive organizational behavior. Implications and future research recommendations are also given.

Wafa Khurram

2013-08-01

298

Self-Esteem as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Social Support and Subjective Well-Being among Chinese University Students  

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This study examined both the mediating and moderating effects of global self-esteem on the relationship between social support and subjective well-being among Chinese university students. Three hundred and ninety-one university students (260 males and 131 females) from two different Chinese universities completed the social support scale, the…

Kong, Feng; Zhao, Jingjing; You, Xuqun

2013-01-01

299

The Effects of Self-esteem, Age and Gender on the Speaking Skills of Intermediate University EFL Learners  

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Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, age and gender on the one hand and speaking skills on the other hand. For this purpose, based on an OPT test twenty intermediate Persian learners of English were selected from among undergraduate EFL students studying towards a B.A. in teaching English as a foreign language at Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch. Using a modified version of Farhady, et. al.’s scale (1995, measuring the five subskills of vocabulary, structure, pronunciation, fluency and comprehensibility, two raters evaluated the speaking ability of the participants at the end of the required course (Oral Production of Short Stories. The Sorensen’s (2005 questionnaire for measuring self-esteem containing 50 items was also administered to the participants. The result showed a significant relationship between self-esteem and speaking skill with fluency exerting the most influence. There was also a reverse relationship between age and speaking skills. Concerning the relationship between gender and speaking skills, no statistically significant association was found. The study could have implications for English language teachers, learners and text book writers.

Bahareh Koosha

2011-10-01

300

An examination on the perception of violence and its relation to self-esteem among Turkish women  

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Full Text Available Violence is a type of behavior that takes different forms and is also directed at different groups. This is one of the major societal problems. The main objective of the present study is to examine the relationship between the perception of violence and self-esteem levels in Turkish women. The Personal Information Form asked some questions concerning Turkish women’s perception of violence, the kinds of violence they are exposed to; the frequency of violence they are exposed to and their reactions to the violent behavior. This was administered to 212 Turkish women, using the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Scale. The findings revealed that most of the women (70% perceive violence most intensely as physical violence. Another significant finding of this study revealed that when the self-esteem of women increases, the sensitivity to the kinds of violence also increases. The findings have also been discussed in the light of similar research findings and finally some suggestions have been made.

Müge Akba?

2010-09-01

 
 
 
 
301

SELF - ESTEEM AND MUSIC EDUCATION RELATIONSHIP AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS  

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The present diploma work presents the theoretical basis of self-esteem, self-respect, self-efficacy, development and connection between them in relationship with music education. The empiric part purpose was to verify the relationship of self-respect and self-efficacy with music education among the primary school pupils (N = 153). The goals of this research were to check the degree of relationship of self-respect and self-efficacy with the school success and to find out if there are an...

S?es?ko, Sas?a

2010-01-01

302

Toward understanding the insight paradox: internalized stigma moderates the association between insight and social functioning, hope, and self-esteem among people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research has paradoxically linked awareness of illness to both better function outcomes and lesser hope and self-esteem. One possible explanation for these findings is that acceptance of having schizophrenia may impact outcomes differently depending on the meanings the person attaches to this acceptance, particularly whether he or she accepts stigmatizing beliefs about mental illness. To explore this possibility we performed a cluster analysis of 75 persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders based on single measures of insight using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, internalized stigma using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, and compared groups on concurrent assessments of hope and self-esteem. Three groups were produced by the cluster analyses: low in sight/mild stigma (n = 23), high insight/minimal stigma (n = 25), and high insight/moderate stigma (n = 27). As predicted, analysis of variance-comparing groups revealed that the high insight/moderate stigma group had significantly the lowest levels of hope on the Beck Hopelessness Scale and self-esteem using the Multidimensional Self-esteem Inventory. As predicted, the high insight/minimal stigma group also had significantly less impaired social function than the other groups. Implications for assisting persons to come to cope with awareness of illness and stigma are discussed. PMID:16894025

Lysaker, Paul H; Roe, David; Yanos, Philip T

2007-01-01

303

Body dissatisfaction and body mass in girls and boys transitioning from early to mid-adolescence: additional role of self-esteem and eating habits  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the transition from early to mid-adolescence, gender differences in pubertal development become significant. Body dissatisfaction is often associated with body mass, low self-esteem and abnormal eating habits. The majority of studies investigating body dissatisfaction and its associations have been conducted on female populations. However, some evidence suggests that males also suffer from these problems and that gender differences might already be observed in adolescence. Aims To examine body dissatisfaction and its relationship with body mass, as well as self-esteem and eating habits, in girls and boys in transition from early to mid-adolescence. Methods School nurses recorded the heights and weights of 659 girls and 711 boys with a mean age of 14.5 years. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Body Dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorder Inventory were used as self-appraisal scales. Eating data were self-reported. Results The girls were less satisfied with their bodies than boys were with theirs (mean score (SD: 30.6 (SD 12.2 vs. 18.9 (SD 9.5; p? Conclusions Body mass, self-esteem and eating habits revealed a significant relationship with body dissatisfaction in the transitional phase from early to mid-adolescence in girls and boys, but significant gender differences were also found.

Mäkinen Mauno

2012-06-01

304

[Smile in self-representation and self-esteem].  

Science.gov (United States)

Does the smile play a part in the patient's self-esteem and social well-being? The assessment of the smile is part of the clinical examination and it contributes to the diagnosis. Other criteria besides quantitative or metric ones are considered in this work and make it original. Philosophical, psychological and sociological aspects have been considered to understand the role of the smile in human relationships and self-representation. The quest for beauty is universal but its assessment remains subjective even if attempts at objectivity have been made. Self-esteem is fundamental for the individual's mental and social well-being. A human being has to submit to the rules and customs of his fellow-men if he wants to be part of the society in which he lives. Even if some aesthetic standards cannot be skirted and seem to be universal, the reality of beauty is perverted by social diktats, so is the representation of the smile. It is therefore essential to listen to one's patient before considering his teeth. PMID:21144473

Guth, Élise; Bacon, William

2010-12-01

305

Implicit Self-Esteem in Borderline Personality and Depersonalization Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-perception is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depersonalization disorder (DPD), fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem (ISE), free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined ISE using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emotion, behavior, and temperament, in BPD (n?=?18), DPD (n?=?18), and healthy control (n?=?35) participants. DPD participants had significantly higher ISE and were more harm avoidant than BPD and control participants, while BPD participants had more “frontal” behaviors and impulsivity and less self-directedness and cooperativeness than DPD and control participants. Thus, while BPD and DPD commonly overlap in terms of dissociative symptoms and emotional irregularities, differences in self-esteem, behavior, and temperament can help identify where they diverge in terms of their cognition, behavior, and ultimately underlying neurobiology. PMID:22493585

Hedrick, Alexis N.; Berlin, Heather A.

2012-01-01

306

Intensification of Renal Nurses’ Self-Esteem: A Pilot Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: Renal nurses should have counselling and communication skills with patients, to deal with stressful situations at work. A prerequisite for the acquisition of these skills is renal nurses’ self-knowledge. This study aims to present the effectiveness of an ongoing training program to renal nurses related to selfesteem.Methodology: A quasi experimental research, which has a theoretical background from the Rational- Emotive Behaviour Therapy of A. Ellis and from the transformative learning of J. Mezirow. The programattended 31 renal nurses working in district hospitals.Results: During evaluation of the training activity it was quite successful at the cognitive effect that occurred to the participants. In emotional and in behavioural level, almost 80% of participants improved their attitude towards the absurd ideas that formed their self-esteem by 90%.Conclusion: All who attended the program improved their attitude regarding their absurd ideas-beliefs, something that reduced person’s self-esteem, making further negative consequences for their psychosomatic health.

Stiliani Tziaferi

2012-01-01

307

Coppersmith Self-Esteem Inventory Scores of Boys with Severe Behavior Problems  

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Scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory of 44 behaviorally disturbed boys ranging in age from 8 to 12 years were compared with the test's norms, with later retest scores, with teacher assigned self esteem ranks, and with peer group status as measured by sociometric procedures. (DB)

Wood, Frank H.; Johnson, Ardes

1972-01-01

308

Increasing Self-Esteem and School Connectedness through a Multidimensional Mentoring Program.  

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Examines findings from a multidisciplinary mentoring program for fourth graders. Students were admitted to the program based on responses to a survey on self-esteem; school, peer, and family connectedness; and risk taking behavior. The program emphasized relationship building, self-esteem enhancement, goal setting, and academic assistance.…

King, Keith A.; Vidourek, Rebecca; Davis, Beth; McClellan, Warren

2002-01-01

309

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young Adult Self-Esteem  

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Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The 3 main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood, (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult…

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

310

Influences on Adolescent African American Females' Global Self-Esteem: Body Image and Ethnic Identity  

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This study of 105 senior high school Southern African American adolescent females examined the relationship between global self-esteem, appearance evaluation (body image), and ethnic identity. As predicted, the relationship between global self-esteem, appearance evaluation (r = 0.46, p less than 0.001), and ethnic identity (r = 40, p less than…

Turnage, Barbara F.

2004-01-01

311

Parental Conflict and its Effects on Youth Self Esteem (A Study At University of Punjab  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted to probe the effects of parental conflict on youth self esteem. Objective of study was to explore reasons behind parental conflict, to measure the level of parental conflict on behavior of children, to find out change in the behavior of children, to identify the role of parents in the self esteem of children, to know how parent conflict and self esteem of children are related. Some 200 students from different departments of university of Punjab were selected by using appropriate sampling techniques. Questionnaire was designed to measure the level of impact of parental conflicts on children’s self esteem. Perceived inter-parental conflict and parental style discrepancies in nurturance and in authoritarianism were significantly and negatively related to self-esteem, but the best predictors of self-esteem were the parental styles themselves. Warm nurturing parents were more likely to have high self-esteem children and demonstrated less conflict in marital partnerships. Correlations between marital conflict and self-esteem may reflect parental characteristics.

Salma Nazir

2012-09-01

312

Health Promotion, Self-Esteem, and Weight among Female College Freshmen.  

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The article reports a study that examined relationships between self-esteem, health promotion, nutrition, and weight among female college freshmen. Questionnaires completed by 57 female students indicated that high self-esteem positively related to the practice of healthy behaviors, good nutrition, and satisfaction with present weight. (SM)

Megel, Mary Erickson; And Others

1994-01-01

313

Predicting Adolescent Self-Esteem from Participation in School Sports among Latino Subgroups.  

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Data from a national longitudinal survey of secondary school students showed that participation in a school sport was associated with self-esteem among Mexican American boys and girls, Puerto Rican girls, and Cuban American boys. School attachment and physical well-being mediated the relationship between sports participation and self-esteem.…

Erkut, Sumru; Tracy, Allison J.

2002-01-01

314

Engaging in Distancing Tactics among Sport Fans: Effects on Self-Esteem and Emotional Responses.  

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Examines the effects of distancing tactics on self-esteem and emotions following a win or loss of one's favorite basketball team. Measures the self-esteem and emotional responses of basketball fans as they exited the sport arena after their team won or lost an official game. (CMK)

Bizman, Aharon; Yinon, Yoel

2002-01-01

315

Self-Esteem during University Studies Predicts Career Characteristics 10 Years Later  

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To examine how self-esteem measured during university studies would impact on the characteristics of the work career 10 years later, 297 university students completed the Rosenberg's self-esteem inventory four times while at university and various career-related questionnaires 10 years later. Latent Growth Curve Modeling showed that a high overall…

Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2007-01-01

316

Student Self-Esteem: A Goal Administrators Can Help to Achieve.  

Science.gov (United States)

Principals can take many steps to improve students' self-esteem. A recent case study of four schools disclosed that self-esteem among students can be increased by improving communication with students and faculty, encouraging student participation in music and drama, emphasizing positive relationships between athletic coaches and players, and…

Sarokon, Stephen C.

1986-01-01

317

Perceived Fashion Risk and Self-Esteem of Males and Females.  

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An instrument developed to examine a person's perception of fashion risk in clothing choice, relative to his or her self-esteem, was administered to 400 university students. Fashion risk was found to be a part of other types of risk and not linearly related to self-esteem. (Author/SK)

Winakor, Geitel; And Others

1980-01-01

318

Effects of Parental Verbal Aggression on Children's Self-Esteem and School Marks.  

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A study of 144 children (age 10) investigated whether parental verbal violence had negative effects on self-esteem and academic achievement. Results found parental verbal aggression alone, as separate and distinct from physical punishment, contributed to low self-esteem and school achievement. The need for parent education on child rearing is…

Solomon, C. Ruth; Serres, Francoise

1999-01-01

319

The Death of the Feel-Good Factor? Self-Esteem in the Educational Context  

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The role of self-esteem in academic achievement has been one of the most controversial issues in educational psychology in recent years. A recent research review in this area has suggested that there is little evidence that self-esteem influences achievement in any meaningful way (Baumeister et al., 2003). However, there is considerable evidence…

Humphrey, Neil

2004-01-01

320

Ethnic Identity Achievement, Self-Esteem, and Discrimination among Surinamese Adolescents in the Netherlands.  

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Examined ethnic identity achievement among Surinamese adolescents in the Netherlands as it related to self-esteem, perceived discrimination, and Dutch national identification. Surveys of Surinamese and ethnic Dutch adolescents indicated that ethnic identity achievement and self-esteem were positively correlated for Surinamese students.…

Verkuyten, Maykel; Brug, Peary

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Parental Bonding and Identity Style as Correlates of Self-Esteem among Adult Adoptees and Nonadoptees  

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Adult adoptees (n=100) and nonadoptees (n=100) were compared with regard to self-esteem, identity processing style, and parental bonding. Although some differences were found with regard to self-esteem, maternal care, and maternal overprotection, these differences were qualified by reunion status such that only reunited adoptees differed…

Passmore, Nola L.; Fogarty, Gerard J.; Bourke, Carolyn J.; Baker-Evans, Sandra F.

2005-01-01

322

Ethnic Identity, Ethnic Attitudes, Self-Esteem, and Esteem toward Others among Estonian and Russian Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated ethnic identity in relation to self-esteem and esteem toward others and attitudes toward one's own and other ethnic groups among Estonian and Russian adolescents. Found significant differences between majority and minority groups in ethnic pride and ethnic differentiation and with their correlation to self-esteem and esteem toward…

Valk, Aune

2000-01-01

323

Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem: Examining the Role of Social Context  

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This study explored ethnic identity and self-esteem among 1062 Mexican-origin adolescents who were attending one of three schools, which varied in their ethnic composition (i.e., predominately Latino, predominately non-Latino, and balanced Latino/non-Latino). Significant relationships emerged between ethnic identity and self-esteem among…

Umana-Taylor, Adriana, J.

2004-01-01

324

Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem of Latino Adolescents: Distinctions among the Latino Populations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reviewed 21 empirical studies concerning the relationship between self-esteem and ethnic identity among Latino adolescents. Found that despite differences in conceptualization of ethnic identity and some methodological limitations, existing research suggested a positive relationship between ethnic identification and self-esteem for Latinos living…

Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Diversi, Marcelo; Fine, Mark A.

2002-01-01

325

Building Self-Esteem of Children and Adolescents through Adventure-Based Counseling.  

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Explores ways in which communities and school counselors can foster self-esteem in children and adolescents through adventure-based counseling (ABC). Discusses the importance of self-esteem, the philosophy and tenets of ABC, the effectiveness of ABC, and ways to integrate ABC concepts into groups. Focuses on prevention and intervention. (RJM)

Nassar-McMillan, Sylvia C.; Cashwell, Craig S.

1997-01-01

326

Team Sports Achievement and Self-Esteem Development among Urban Adolescent Girls  

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In this study we investigate the contribution of achievement in team sports to adolescent girls' self-esteem development. Adolescent girls (N = 247) from racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds were surveyed as part of a larger study investigating the development of poor urban youth. Participants responded to items tapping global self-esteem,…

Pedersen, Sara; Seidman, Edward

2004-01-01

327

Impact of Group Sandtray Therapy on the Self-Esteem of Young Adolescent Girls  

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The effectiveness of group sandtray therapy was examined using a pretest-posttest control group design with young adolescent girls (n = 37) identified as having low self-esteem. A split-plot analysis of variance (SPANOVA) revealed statistically significant differences between participants in the treatment and control groups in self-esteem on five…

Shen, Yu-Pei; Armstrong, Stephen A.

2008-01-01

328

Is Self-Esteem a Cause or Consequence of Social Support? A 4-Year Longitudinal Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Considerable research has been devoted to examining the relations between self-esteem and social support. However, the exact nature and direction of these relations are not well understood. Measures of self-esteem, and social support quantity and quality were administered to 961 adolescents across five yearly time points (M[subscript…

Marshall, Sarah L.; Parker, Phillip D.; Ciarrochi, Joseph; Heaven, Patrick C. L.

2014-01-01

329

Does Self-Esteem Moderate the Relations among Perceived Stress, Coping, and Depression?  

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This study examined self-esteem as a moderator of the influence of perceived stress and coping on symptoms of depression in a sample of 713 college students. The results suggest that self-esteem may play an important role in the development of depressive symptoms in college students through interactions with perceived stress and coping. If an…

Eisenbarth, Chris

2012-01-01

330

Does Low Self-Esteem Predict Health Compromising Behaviours among Adolescents?  

Science.gov (United States)

Study examined the predictive association for both global and academic self esteem among students ages 9-13 in a large sample of New Zealanders. Results showed levels of global self esteem significantly predicted adolescent reports of problem eating, suicidal ideation, and multiple compromising behaviors. Implications are discussed for the…

McGee, Rob; Williams, Sheila

2000-01-01

331

Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive…

Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

2013-01-01

332

Stress, Self-Esteem, Hope, Optimism, and Well-Being in Urban, Ethnic Minority Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined hope, optimism, self-esteem, social support, stress, and indices of subjective well-being (SWB) in 137 low-income, urban, ethnic minority adolescents. Hope, optimism, and self-esteem were significant predictors of SWB indices, but stress predicted only 1 SWB index: negative affect. No moderators of stress and negative affect…

Vacek, Kimberly R.; Coyle, Laura D.; Vera, Elizabeth M.

2010-01-01

333

Adlerian Adventure-Based Counseling to Enhance Self-Esteem in School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This article provides a rationale for using adventure-based counseling (ABC) principles to promote children's self-esteem through group work within the school setting. The effectiveness of combining Adlerian theory with ABC to promote self-esteem is established. The process that would allow a school counselor to plan, organize, facilitate,…

Wagner, Holly H.; Elliott, Anna

2014-01-01

334

Examination of the Professional Self-Esteem of Teacher Candidates Studying at a Faculty of Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to determine the professional self-esteem levels of teacher candidates studying at the Faculty of Education, Ahi Evran University, Kirsehir, Turkey, to examine whether certain variables create any differences in their professional self-esteem levels and to propose suggestions in accordance with the results. The study was conducted…

Aral, Neriman; Gursoy, Figen; Ceylan, Remziye; Bicakci, Mudriye Yildiz

2009-01-01

335

"It's Good for Their Self-Esteem": The Substance beneath the Label  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper provides an informed and critical understanding of the concept of self-esteem. It explores this psychological construct in relation to its use in adventure education and outdoor learning. Enhancing a participant's self-esteem is perceived to be fundamentally a good thing and is culturally linked to the Hahnian notion that implies…

Leather, Mark

2013-01-01

336

Hope, Self-Esteem, and Self-Regulation: Positive Characteristics among Men and Women in Recovery  

Science.gov (United States)

Hopefulness remains unclear in relation to aspects of self-control and self-esteem among adults in substance abuse recovery. The present study explored the relationship between dispositional hope (agency and pathway) with self-esteem (self-liking, self-competency, and self-confidence) and self-regulation (impulse control and self-discipline),…

Ferrari, Joseph R.; Stevens, Edward B.; Legler, Raymond; Jason, Leonard A.

2012-01-01

337

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

338

Factors Associated with Self-Esteem in Sixth through Ninth Graders.  

Science.gov (United States)

Those who guide and work with children are interested in enabling them to build concepts about themselves that lead to higher self-esteem. This study investigated factors associated with self-esteem in sixth through ninth graders. The independent variables were locus of control, family structure, sex role, gender, grade level, and parental alcohol…

Weber, Roserita

339

Acculturation, Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Eating-Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescent Mexican American Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated the relationship among acculturation, body image, self-esteem, and eating disorder symptomatology in 120 Mexican-American adolescent women. Findings indicate that acculturation levels were not related to anorexic or bulimic symptomatology, self-esteem, body dissatisfaction or thinness of ideal and attractive figures. Also, lower…

Joiner, Greg W.; Kashubeck, Susan

1996-01-01

340

A STUDY OF LOCUS OF CONTROL AND SELF ESTEEM AMONG BOYS AND GIRLS COLLEGE STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available Objective of the study was to search locus of control and self esteem among boys and girls college students. Hypothesis: Boys college students will be high Locus of Control (External Locus of Control than girls' college's students. Second hypothesis: there will be significant difference between boys and girls college students on dimension self esteem.

Thale Arti Subhashrao

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
341

The Self-Esteem, Perceived Social Support and Hopelessness in Adolescents: The Structural Equation Modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a developed model to explain a causal relationship between adolescent's self-esteem, perceived social support and hopelessness is tested. The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between self-esteem, perceived social support and hopelessness in adolescents. A total of 257 adolescents, including 143 female and 114…

Savi Cakar, Firdevs; Karatas, Zeynep

2012-01-01

342

Suicidal Ideation and Attempts in Adolescents: Associations with Depression and Six Domains of Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to disentangle the influence of depression and self-esteem on suicidal behaviour in adolescence. Grades 8 and 11 students in Cape Town, South Africa (n=939) completed questionnaires assessing suicidal ideation and behaviour, depression, and self-esteem with respect to family, peers, school, sports/athletics, body image and global…

Wild, Lauren G.; Flisher, Alan J.; Lombard, Carl

2004-01-01

343

I like myself but I don't know why: enhancing implicit self-esteem by subliminal evaluative conditioning.  

Science.gov (United States)

On the basis of a conceptualization of implicit self-esteem as the implicit attitude toward the self, it was predicted that implicit self-esteem could be enhanced by subliminal evaluative conditioning. In 5 experiments, participants were repeatedly presented with trials in which the word I was paired with positive trait terms. Relative to control conditions, this procedure enhanced implicit self-esteem. The effects generalized across 3 measures of implicit self-esteem (Experiments 1-3). Furthermore, evaluative conditioning enhanced implicit self-esteem among people with low-temporal implicit self-esteem and among people with high-temporal implicit self-esteem (Experiment 4). In addition, it was shown that conditioning enhanced self-esteem to such an extent that it made participants insensitive to negative intelligence feedback (Experiments 5a and 5b). Various implications are discussed. PMID:14769089

Dijksterhuis, Ap

2004-02-01

344

The unconscious cost of good fortune: implicit and explicit self-esteem, positive life events, and health.  

Science.gov (United States)

J. D. Brown and K. L. McGill (1989) found that positive life events were associated with better health only for people high in self-esteem. Among people low in self-esteem, positive life events were associated with poorer health. The authors of this study replicated this finding in a self-report survey of 61 male and 110 female college students. In addition, they showed that implicit self-esteem moderated the relation between positive life events and self-reported health in the same fashion as explicit self-esteem did. Whereas people high in implicit self-esteem reported being healthier when they experienced more positive life events, people low in implicit self-esteem reported being healthier when they experienced fewer positive life events. Moreover, the effects of implicit self-esteem were statistically independent of the effects of explicit self-esteem. PMID:14756609

Shimizu, Mitsuru; Pelham, Brett W

2004-01-01

345

Interpersonal views of narcissism and authentic high self-esteem: it is not all about you.  

Science.gov (United States)

Employing peer-rating methodology, this study examined relationship issues in narcissists versus individuals with authentic high self-esteem. Undergraduates (N = 147) were assigned to rate someone (a "target") they knew well who was most similar to a narcissistic prototype, an authentic self-esteem prototype, or a control person. Participants rating narcissistic targets reported significantly more interpersonal problems with the target and more avoidant and revenge behaviors directed toward them than did participants rating authentic self-esteem or control targets. Authentic high self-esteem was associated with positive social relationships. Large effect sizes suggested substantial interpersonal differences observed by peers interacting with narcissists compared to authentic high self-esteem individuals. PMID:25153960

Byrne, J Stephen; O'Brien, Edward J

2014-08-01

346

MEASURING SELF-ESTEEM OF DEAF/HARD OF HEARING COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines Deaf/hard of hearing college students' implicit and explicit self-esteem, with thirty-six 18 to 21 year old (Age ± SD, 19.4±0.9 subjects. Following are the results of this study: Just as hearing students, Deaf/hard of hearing students also have significant implicit self-esteem effect; none of the observed correlations with explicit esteem is significant for either attributive IAT or the affective IAT; Implicit self-esteem of males is higher than that of females; No significant correlation exists between implicit self-esteem and the level of depression. Social comparisons and negative evaluations and attitudes of others always tend to damage explicit self-esteem of Deaf/hard of hearing students. However, positive self-attitude characterizations still exist in their self-schema.

Jin ZHENG

2013-03-01

347

Family Functioning Predictors of Self-Concept and Self-Esteem in Children at Risk for Learning Disabilities in Oman: Exclusion of Parent and Gender Contribution  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study investigated whether family functioning can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of normally achieving (NA and at risk for learning disabilities (LD students in Oman regardless of parent education level and gender status. A total of 259 elementary school students were selected from schools in the main districts of Muscat, the capital and largest city in Oman. The participants included 259 students referred for learning disabilities (78 and normally achieving students (181. Self-Report Measure of Family Functioning–Child Revised, Beck Self-Concept Inventory for Youth (BSCI-Y, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to the participants. In addition, demographic data on parents’ education levels (PEL and gender were collected. The study specifically investigated whether family functioning dimensions of communication, cohesion, conflict, and social/recreational orientation can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of children regardless of PEL and gender status. Multiple hierarchical regressions showed that family functioning was a strong contributory factor of self-concept for both children with and without LD although the two groups differed in terms of the significant family functioning predictors. Family functioning was a weak contributory factor of self-e esteem in children with and without LD and the two groups varied in terms of the significant family functioning variables. The differences between the two groups are discussed from cultural and ecological perspectives.

Mahmoud Mohamed Emam

2014-09-01

348

Relación entre autoestima y síntomas de dismorfia muscular en varones fisicoconstructivistas / Relationship between self-esteem and symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in male bodybuilders  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los propósitos de este estudio fueron: identificar los síntomas de dismorfia muscular en cuatro grupos de varones, comparar la autoestima entre los grupos con alta, moderada y baja motivación por la musculatura, y evaluar la relación entre dichas variables. La muestra incluyó 295 varones de 15 a 63 [...] años de edad (57 fisico-constructivistas competidores, 40 no competidores, 47 usuarios de gimnasio y 151 sedentarios) quienes contestaron la Escala de Motivación por la Musculatura y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Los resultados indicaron que 43.9% de fisicoconstructivistas competidores, 27.5% de fisicoconstructivistas no competidores, 10.6% de usuarios de gimnasio y 1.3% de sedentarios presentaron síntomas de dismorfia muscular. El análisis de covarianza, controlando la edad, indicó que los participantes con menor autoestima fueron los que puntuaron más alto en motivación por la musculatura, en comparación con los de moderada y baja motivación. Finalmente, se observó una correlación significativa y negativa entre la autoestima y la motivación por la musculatura, sin embargo, estos resultados no revelan si la autoestima es un precursor de la motivación por la musculatura o una consecuencia, por lo que futuros estudios podrían investigar longitudinalmente el rol de la autoestima en el desarrollo de la motivación por la musculatura. Abstract in english The purposes of this study were to identify the symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in four groups of men; compare the self-esteem among groups with high, moderate and low drive for muscularity; and evaluate the relationship between these variables. The sample included 295 men aged 15 to 63 years-old (57 [...] competitors bodybuilders, 40 not competitors, 47 gym users, and 151 sedentary) who answered the Drive for Muscularity Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results indicated that 43.9% of competitors bodybuilders, 27.5% non-competitors bodybuilders, 10.6% of gym users, and 1.3% of sedentary had symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Covariance analysis, controlling for age, indicated that participants with lower self-esteem were those who scored higher on drive for muscularity, compared with those with moderate and low self-esteem. Finally, there was a significant and negative correlation between self-esteem and drive for muscularity, however, these results do not reveal whether self-esteem is a precursor or a consequence of drive for muscularity, so that future studies could longitudinally investigate the role of self-esteem in the development of drive for muscularity.

María del Consuelo, Escoto Ponce de León; Esteban Jaime, Camacho Ruiz; Georgina Leticia, Alvarez Rayón; Felipe de Jesús, Díaz Resendiz; Alejandra, Morales Ramírez.

2012-06-01

349

Relación entre autoestima y síntomas de dismorfia muscular en varones fisicoconstructivistas / Relationship between self-esteem and symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in male bodybuilders  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los propósitos de este estudio fueron: identificar los síntomas de dismorfia muscular en cuatro grupos de varones, comparar la autoestima entre los grupos con alta, moderada y baja motivación por la musculatura, y evaluar la relación entre dichas variables. La muestra incluyó 295 varones de 15 a 63 [...] años de edad (57 fisico-constructivistas competidores, 40 no competidores, 47 usuarios de gimnasio y 151 sedentarios) quienes contestaron la Escala de Motivación por la Musculatura y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Los resultados indicaron que 43.9% de fisicoconstructivistas competidores, 27.5% de fisicoconstructivistas no competidores, 10.6% de usuarios de gimnasio y 1.3% de sedentarios presentaron síntomas de dismorfia muscular. El análisis de covarianza, controlando la edad, indicó que los participantes con menor autoestima fueron los que puntuaron más alto en motivación por la musculatura, en comparación con los de moderada y baja motivación. Finalmente, se observó una correlación significativa y negativa entre la autoestima y la motivación por la musculatura, sin embargo, estos resultados no revelan si la autoestima es un precursor de la motivación por la musculatura o una consecuencia, por lo que futuros estudios podrían investigar longitudinalmente el rol de la autoestima en el desarrollo de la motivación por la musculatura. Abstract in english The purposes of this study were to identify the symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in four groups of men; compare the self-esteem among groups with high, moderate and low drive for muscularity; and evaluate the relationship between these variables. The sample included 295 men aged 15 to 63 years-old (57 [...] competitors bodybuilders, 40 not competitors, 47 gym users, and 151 sedentary) who answered the Drive for Muscularity Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results indicated that 43.9% of competitors bodybuilders, 27.5% non-competitors bodybuilders, 10.6% of gym users, and 1.3% of sedentary had symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Covariance analysis, controlling for age, indicated that participants with lower self-esteem were those who scored higher on drive for muscularity, compared with those with moderate and low self-esteem. Finally, there was a significant and negative correlation between self-esteem and drive for muscularity, however, these results do not reveal whether self-esteem is a precursor or a consequence of drive for muscularity, so that future studies could longitudinally investigate the role of self-esteem in the development of drive for muscularity.

María del Consuelo, Escoto Ponce de León; Esteban Jaime, Camacho Ruiz; Georgina Leticia, Alvarez Rayón; Felipe de Jesús, Díaz Resendiz; Alejandra, Morales Ramírez.

350

But What About Smart Girls? Adolescent Self-Esteem and Sex Role Perceptions as a Function of Academic Achievement.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adolescent self-esteem and sex role perceptions were examined as a function of academic achievement in 140 seventh-grade boys and girls responding to a self-esteem inventory. Results of the standard instruction investigation showed a significant but moderate difference in self-esteem levels in favor of the boys. (Author/LMO)

Robison-Awana, Pamela; And Others

1986-01-01

351

"If You Let Me Play Sports": How Might Sport Participation Influence the Self-Esteem of Adolescent Females?  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated links between female precollege sport participation and college self-esteem. Students surveys indicated that participation in sports positively correlated with body image, perceived physical competencies, gender identity, global self-esteem, and other psychosocial variables, thus predicting college self-esteem. In the absence of such…

Richman, Erin L.; Shaffer, David R.

2000-01-01

352

The Relationships among Sex, Academic Performance, Anxiety, and Self-Esteem of Junior High School Students in Taiwan.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined relationships among the levels of academic achievement, sex, anxiety, and self-esteem of junior high school students (N=256) in Taiwan. Found students' anxiety levels were generally negatively related to their levels of self-esteem. Anxiety level did not appear to be related to gender; self-esteem was related to gender with males having…

Cheng, Hsiao-Ping; Page, Richard C.

1989-01-01

353

Competitive Memory Training (COMET) for Treating Low Self-Esteem in Patients with Eating Disorders: A Randomized Clinical Trial  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates a short stepwise cognitive-behavioral intervention for the treatment of low self-esteem in patients with eating disorders. Competitive memory training (COMET) for low self-esteem is based on insights and findings from experimental psychology. A total of 52 patients with eating disorders and low self-esteem were treated with…

Korrelboom, Kees; de Jong, Martie; Huijbrechts, Irma; Daansen, Peter

2009-01-01

354

Self-Esteem as a Predictor of Attitudes toward Wife Abuse among Muslim Women and Men in Canada.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the attitudes toward wife abuse in a sample of Muslim women and men in Canada and whether thos e attitudes were influenced by self-esteem. Reveals that Muslim women and men did not differ on levels of self-esteem, but their attitudes were related to self-esteem, and Muslim men had more lenient attitudes toward wife abuse. (CMK)

Ali, Alisha; Toner, Brenda B.

2001-01-01

355

Understanding the Different Realities, Experience, and Use of Self-Esteem between Black and White Adolescent Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

African American adolescent females possess higher self-esteem than any other racial or ethnic adolescent female group. This article tests two popular empirically supported explanations for Black high self-esteem: "contingency of self-esteem theory" and the "locus of control model". This article builds on past research to illustrate the specific…

Adams, Portia E.

2010-01-01

356

REGULAR EXTRA CURRICULAR SPORTS PRACTICE DOES NOT PREVENT MODERATE OR SEVERE VARIATIONS IN SELF-ESTEEM OR TRAIT ANXIETY IN EARLY ADOLESCENTS  

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Full Text Available Physical activity is often presented as an effective tool to improve self-esteem and/or to reduce anxiety. The aim of this study was to measure the influence of a regular extra curricular sports practice on self-esteem and anxiety. We conducted a prospective cohort study, which has included all of the pupils entering the first year of secondary school (sixth grade in the Vosges Department (east France during the school year 2001-2002 and followed during three years. Data were collected every six months by self-reported questionnaires. 1791 pupils were present at each of the six data collection sessions and completed all the questionnaires, representing 10,746 documents: 835 boys (46.6 % and 956 girls (53.4 %, in November 2001, the average age was 11.1 ± 0.5 years (mean ± standard deviation. 722 pupils (40.3 % reported that they had practiced an extra-school physical activity in a sporting association from November 2001 to May 2004 (ECS group, whereas, 195 (10.9 % pupils had not practiced any extra-school physical activity at all (NECS group. The average global scores of self-esteem (Rosenberg's Scale and trait anxiety (Spielberger's Scale of the ECS pupils were, respectively, higher and lower than those of the NECS group. However, the incidence density (number of new cases during a given period / total person-time of observation of moderate or severe decrease of self-esteem (less than "mean - one standard deviation" or less than "mean - two standard deviations" was not significantly different between the two groups, a finding that was also evident also in the case of trait anxiety. Finally, among ECS pupils, the incidence density of severe decrease of self-esteem was lower at the girls'. Practitioners and physical education teachers, as well as parents, should be encouraged to seek out ways to involve pupils in extra-school physical activities

Caroline Binsinger

2006-03-01

357

Influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity on oral health related quality of life in patients with partial tooth loss  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To meaningfully interpret oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures, the influence of personality traits must be investigated. Objectives:To investigate and quantify the influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity (NA) on OHRQoL. It was hypothesized that low self-esteem and high NA would be associated with worse OHRQoL.Methods: OHRQoL measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), self-esteem measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), NA measured by the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), global oral rating of oral comfort and controlling variables (gender, age, number of teeth, experience of wearing removable dental prostheses (RDP), location of missing teeth and zone of missing teeth) were collected from 81 patients with partial tooth loss, signed in for treatment with RDP. Results:Bivariate analyses showed that the EPI-Q score had the highest correlation with OHIP-49 score ( R = 0.5). Both EPI-Q and RSES score had a stronger correlation with psychosocial items than physical/ functional items of the OHIP-49. In the multivariate analyses, the controlling variables alone explained 17.75% of the variance in OHIP-49 score, while addition of EPI-Q score, RSES score and both EPI-Q and RSES score explained additionally 11.64%, 6.07% and 14.12%, respectively. For each unit increase in EPI-Q score, the OHIP-49 score increased 5.1 units and for each unit increase in RSES score, the OHIP-49 score decreased 1.1. NA was statistically and clinically significantly higher and self-esteem was statistically significantly lower in patients reporting worse oral comfort. Conclusion: NA had the strongest and most clinically meaningful influence, but both NA and self-esteem was found to influence OHRQoL; low self-esteem and high NA was associated with worse OHRQoL. This indicates the possibility to explain some of the impact of tooth loss on OHRQoL based on personality traits.

Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

2013-01-01

358

Hope and Self-Esteem Correlates of Religious Conversion  

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Full Text Available The social system in India had a unique feature of caste. The lower caste people were experiencing severe humiliation and discrimination from the upper caste. Dr. Ambekar had challenged the hegemony of the upper caste. In 1956, Dr. Ambekar converted to Buddhist religion along with his followers. This social change gave new identity to the people suffering from brutal treatment from the upper caste. However, some followers continued both Hindu and Buddhist religion practices and some continue to practice only Buddhist religion. The present paper tries to explore the association of hope and self-esteem among them and also investigates if there is any difference between these groups. Results indicated that there is a significant difference between the groups.

Dr. Neekanth Bankar

2012-01-01

359

School life and adolescents' self-esteem trajectories.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates heterogeneity in adolescents' trajectories of global self-esteem (GSE) and the relations between these trajectories and facets of the interpersonal, organizational, and instructional components of students' school life. Methodologically, this study illustrates the use of growth mixture analyses, and how to obtain proper student-level effects when there are multiple schools, but not enough to support multilevel analyses. This study is based on a 4-year, six-measurement-point, follow-up of 1,008 adolescents (M(age) = 12.6 years, SD = 0.6 at Time 1.) The results show four latent classes presenting elevated, moderate, increasing, and low trajectories defined based on GSE levels and fluctuations. The results show that GSE becomes trait-like as it increases and that school life effects, moderated by gender, played an important role in predicting membership in these trajectories. PMID:23550822

Morin, Alexandre J S; Maïano, Christophe; Marsh, Herbert W; Nagengast, Benjamin; Janosz, Michel

2013-01-01

360

Transtornos mentais comuns e auto-estima na gestação: prevalência e fatores associados / Common mental disorders and self-esteem in pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) e sua relação com auto-estima, bem como outros fatores associados à ocorrência de TMC em gestantes. Foi realizado um estudo transversal aninhado a uma coorte no qual participaram gestantes atendidas no serv [...] iço de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde na cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foi utilizado para o rastreamento de transtornos mentais comuns o Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) e, para avalia a auto-estima, a Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. A amostra constituiu-se de 1.267 gestantes, que tinham em média 25 anos (dp = 6,53). A média de auto-estima foi de 9,3 pontos (dp = 4,76) e a prevalência de TMC em gestantes foi de 41,4%. Evidenciou-se, também, que quanto menor a auto-estima da grávida maiores são as chances de associação a TMC (p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and the association with self-esteem and other factors in pregnant women. A nested cross-sectional study was performed in a cohort of pregnant women treated in the public health system in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, [...] Brazil. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) was used to screen for common mental disorders and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale for self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,267 pregnant women with a mean age of 25 years (SD = 6.53). Mean self-esteem was 9.3 points (SD = 4.76), and prevalence of common mental disorders was 41.4%. Lower self-esteem was associated with higher odds of common mental disorders (p

Ricardo Azevedo da, Silva; Liliane da Costa, Ores; Thaíse Campos, Mondin; Raquel Nolasco, Rizzo; Inácia Gomes da Silva, Moraes; Karen, Jansen; Ricardo Tavares, Pinheiro.

 
 
 
 
361

Transtornos mentais comuns e auto-estima na gestação: prevalência e fatores associados / Common mental disorders and self-esteem in pregnancy: prevalence and associated factors  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar a prevalência de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) e sua relação com auto-estima, bem como outros fatores associados à ocorrência de TMC em gestantes. Foi realizado um estudo transversal aninhado a uma coorte no qual participaram gestantes atendidas no serv [...] iço de saúde do Sistema Único de Saúde na cidade de Pelotas, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Foi utilizado para o rastreamento de transtornos mentais comuns o Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) e, para avalia a auto-estima, a Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg. A amostra constituiu-se de 1.267 gestantes, que tinham em média 25 anos (dp = 6,53). A média de auto-estima foi de 9,3 pontos (dp = 4,76) e a prevalência de TMC em gestantes foi de 41,4%. Evidenciou-se, também, que quanto menor a auto-estima da grávida maiores são as chances de associação a TMC (p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and the association with self-esteem and other factors in pregnant women. A nested cross-sectional study was performed in a cohort of pregnant women treated in the public health system in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, [...] Brazil. The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) was used to screen for common mental disorders and the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale for self-esteem. The sample consisted of 1,267 pregnant women with a mean age of 25 years (SD = 6.53). Mean self-esteem was 9.3 points (SD = 4.76), and prevalence of common mental disorders was 41.4%. Lower self-esteem was associated with higher odds of common mental disorders (p

Ricardo Azevedo da, Silva; Liliane da Costa, Ores; Thaíse Campos, Mondin; Raquel Nolasco, Rizzo; Inácia Gomes da Silva, Moraes; Karen, Jansen; Ricardo Tavares, Pinheiro.

362

Prueba de Autoestima para Adolescentes / The self-esteem test for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio se propuso indagar sobre la validez de constructo de la adaptación a la Prueba de Autoestima para Adolescentes (PAA) y actualizar los parámetros psicométricos resultantes de estudios anteriores. Respondieron el instrumento 1581 estudiantes de ambos sexos (850 mujeres y 731 hombre [...] s) de una institución pública de educación media superior de la Ciudad de México. Mediante el empleo de la metodología de validez cruzada se determinó que el modelo de medida que subyace a la PAA ajustó satisfactoriamente, lo que confirma una estructura de cuatro factores: Cogniciones sobre sí mismo, Cogniciones de competencia, Relación familiar y Enojo. Los hallazgos del presente estudio se suman a los datos generados en torno a la validez de contenido, de criterio y de constructo de la PAA. Abstract in english The present study intended to explore construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents and update psychometric properties found in previous studies. 1581 Mexican students (850 women and 731 men) of a public high school in Mexico City responded to the scale. The sample was split randomly in [...] half. EFA was applied using one sample's data, and CFA to the other sample's data. The model, assumed to underlie responses to the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents, satisfactorily fit the data, confirming a structure of 4 factors: self-cognitions, competence cognitions, family relations and rage. Results of the present study corroborate previous data concerning content, criterion-related and construct validity of the Selfesteem Test for Adolescents.

JOAQUÍN, CASO NIEBLA; LAURA, HERNÁNDEZ-GUZMAN; MANUAL, GONZÁLEZ-MONTESINOS.

363

Relationship between self-esteem and obesity, and some lifestyle factors in employed women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years, the increase in obesity worldwide has drawn more attention to its undesirable effects on the people’s physical and psychological health. Studies done on the subject have produced contradictory results on the relation between obesity and self-esteem. The reason could be that individuals with higher self-esteem may have chosen a better lifestyle because they had a higher respect for themselves. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem and BMI and some lifestyle factors in employed women.Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study conducted on 125 obese women 25-45 years of age, with BMI?30 and 125 non- obese employed women from affiliated hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Dietary intake and physical activity, as components of lifestyle, were assessed by semi-quantitative and MET questionnaires, respectively. Self-esteem was assessed by Rosenberg questionnaire.Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in level of education, economic status, physical activity (p<0.05 and self-esteem (p<0.001. Total energy intake and percentage of energy intake from fat were significantly different between the two groups (p<0.05.Conclusion: Self-esteem was higher in non-obese women. Women with higher self-esteem had a better lifestyle. Attention to psychological aspect of obesity is important in any health promotion program

Mojgan Mirhadi

2012-12-01

364

Gender differences in implicit self-esteem following a romantic partner's success or failure.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research examined the influence of a romantic partner's success or failure on one's own implicit and explicit self-esteem. In Experiment 1, men had lower implicit self-esteem when their partner did well at a "social intelligence" task than when their partner did poorly. Women's implicit self-esteem was unaffected by partner performance. Experiments 2 and 3 showed that Dutch men's implicit self-esteem was negatively affected by their romantic partner's success. In Experiment 4, we replicated Experiments 1-3 in both the academic and social domains, and in Experiment 5, we demonstrated that men's implicit self-esteem is negatively influenced by thinking about a romantic partner's success both when the success is relative and when it is not. In sum, men's implicit self-esteem is lower when a partner succeeds than when a partner fails, whereas women's implicit self-esteem is not. These gender differences have important implications for understanding social comparison in romantic relationships. PMID:23915040

Ratliff, Kate A; Oishi, Shigehiro

2013-10-01

365

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young-Adult Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The three main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood; (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult self-esteem; and (3) help rule out the alternative interpretation that the relationship between major depression and self-esteem is due to state dependence bias stemming from recent depressive symptoms and stressful life events. To address these objectives we use data from a two-wave panel study based on a community sample of young adults in Miami-Dade County, Florida (n = 1,197). Results indicated a history of major depression during sensitive periods of social development is associated with negative changes in self-esteem over a two-year period during the transition to young adulthood. Among those with a history of depression, earlier onset was more problematic than later onset for young adult self-esteem, although the difference disappeared once the level of self-esteem two years prior was controlled. The linkages between the history and timing of depression onset with self-esteem were observed net of recent depressive symptoms and stressful life events, and thus robust to an alternative interpretation of state dependence. The findings support the argument that major depression, especially if it develops earlier during child-adolescent development, has negative consequences for one’s self-esteem. PMID:21860585

Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2010-01-01

366

"How much do you like your name?" An implicit measure of global self-esteem  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We introduce a single-item implicit measure of global self-esteem. The measure is based on the mere-ownership effect and asks participants to indicate how much they like their name. Six studies attested to the validity of this measure. In addition to showing high test–retest reliability (r = .85), the studies found that Name-Liking was (a) unrelated to impression management, (b) positively related to the Name-Letter-Task, the Self-Esteem IAT, explicit self-esteem measures, and self-reported...

Gebauer, Jochen E.; Riketta, Michael; Broemer, Philip; Maio, Gregory R.

2008-01-01

367

Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Low Self-Esteem: A Case Example  

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Low self-esteem is a common, disabling, and distressing problem that has been shown to be involved in the etiology and maintenance of a range of Axis I disorders. Hence, it is a priority to develop effective treatments for low self-esteem. A cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of low self-esteem has been proposed and a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) program described (Fennell, 1997, 1999). As yet there has been no systematic evaluation of this treatment with routine clinical populati...

Mcmanus, F.; Waite, P.; Shafran, R.

2009-01-01

368

MEASURING SELF-ESTEEM OF DEAF/HARD OF HEARING COLLEGE STUDENTS  

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This study examines Deaf/hard of hearing college students' implicit and explicit self-esteem, with thirty-six 18 to 21 year old (Age ± SD, 19.4±0.9) subjects. Following are the results of this study: Just as hearing students, Deaf/hard of hearing students also have significant implicit self-esteem effect; none of the observed correlations with explicit esteem is significant for either attributive IAT or the affective IAT; Implicit self-esteem of males is higher than that of females; No sig...

Zheng, Jin

2013-01-01

369

Secure versus fragile high self-esteem as a predictor of verbal defensiveness: converging findings across three different markers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Why is it that many individuals verbally rationalize and distort self-esteem threatening information? We examined whether such verbal defensiveness (Feldman Barrett, Williams, & Fong, 2002) differs as a function of whether individuals' high self-esteem is secure or fragile. Our findings indicated that individuals whose self-esteem was stable, not contingent, or congruent with high implicit self-esteem exhibited especially low amounts of verbal defensiveness. In contrast, verbal defensiveness was considerably higher when individuals' high self-esteem was unstable, contingent, or paired with discrepant low implicit self-esteem. Discussion centers on why the possession of well-anchored and secure high self-esteem obviates defensiveness directed toward enhancing, maintaining, or bolstering feelings of self-worth. PMID:18447858

Kernis, Michael H; Lakey, Chad E; Heppner, Whitney L

2008-06-01

370

Self-presentation 2.0: narcissism and self-esteem on Facebook.  

Science.gov (United States)

Online social networking sites have revealed an entirely new method of self-presentation. This cyber social tool provides a new site of analysis to examine personality and identity. The current study examines how narcissism and self-esteem are manifested on the social networking Web site Facebook.com . Self-esteem and narcissistic personality self-reports were collected from 100 Facebook users at York University. Participant Web pages were also coded based on self-promotional content features. Correlation analyses revealed that individuals higher in narcissism and lower in self-esteem were related to greater online activity as well as some self-promotional content. Gender differences were found to influence the type of self-promotional content presented by individual Facebook users. Implications and future research directions of narcissism and self-esteem on social networking Web sites are discussed. PMID:20712493

Mehdizadeh, Soraya

2010-08-01

371

Self-esteem and Academic Success as Influenced by Reading Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed at determining the effect of instruction in cognitive and metacognitive strategies on the students' educational self-esteem and academic performance. 87 students were selected through random sampling. The two first groups were consciously taught about cognitive and metacognitive strategies. All the classes were taught by the same teacher. Pourmoghaddasian’s self-esteem questionnaire (1994 was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the pre- and post-test mean scores of the students’ self-esteem, their scores in the course, and their academic success in all the three groups. The results of one-way ANOVA revealed that there was no significant difference between the self-esteem measures of those students who were taught congnitive and metacognitive strategies as compared to those taught traditionally. However, there were significant differences between their total scores in the course and their academic success measures.

Eghbal Zarei

2012-01-01

372

Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examines individual-, social-, and school-level characteristics influencing symptoms of depression and self-esteem among a large sample (N = 4,321) of U.S. youth living in two rural counties in the South. Survey data for this sample of middle-school students (Grade 6 to Grade 8) were part of the Rural Adaptation Project. Data were analyzed using ordered logistic regression. Results show that being female, having a low income, and having negative relationships with parents and peers are risk factors that increase the probability of reporting high levels of depressive symptoms and low levels of self-esteem. In contrast, supportive relationships with parents and peers, high religious orientation, ethnic identity, and school satisfaction increased the probability of reporting low levels of depressive symptoms and high levels of self-esteem. There were few school-level characteristics associated with levels of depressive symptoms and self-esteem. Implications are discussed. PMID:24242288

Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L; Guo, Shenyang

2014-10-01

373

Relationship Between Self-esteem and Academic Achievement Amongst Pre-University Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research highlights the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement in the pre-university students. Additionally, it aimed to identify whether there are differences in academic achievement between boys and girls. The objectives of this study were achieved by using the Coopersmith questionnaire and the students’ grade in their current and previous semesters. The random sampling was used for collecting the data and as a consequence 50 male and 50 female were chosen randomly. The questionnaires were distributed amongst 100 students in Qaemshahr schools. The results demonstrated that there was significant (p<0.01 positive relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement. Moreover, there was significant difference in academic achievement between boys and girls. However, no significant difference was found in self-esteem between males and females. The results suggest that high self-esteem is important factor and strengthen the prediction of academic achievement in students.

Mohammad Aryana

2010-01-01

374

Family Interaction Patterns Associated with Self-Esteem in Preadolescent Girls and Boys.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines four traditional explanatory models for the influence of parents on children's self-esteem. These models are directiveness, modeling, reward and punishment, and positive family interaction. (Author/DB)

Loeb, Roger C.; And Others

1980-01-01

375

The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Orientation: The effects of challenges (like decreased employment opportunities, increased personal responsibility to keep up with changes, current skill shortages and of retaining talented and skilled staff) have led to an emphasis on career meta-competencies to improve employability attributes.

Research purpose: The objectives of the study were to determine the relationship between self-esteem (as the Culture Free Self-Esteem...

Ingrid Potgieter

2012-01-01

376

Mate Value and Self-Esteem: Evidence from Eight Cultural Groups  

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This paper explores self-perceived mate value (SPMV), and its association with self-esteem, in eight cultures. 1066 participants, from 8 cultural groups in 7 countries, rated themselves on 24 SPMVs and completed a measure of self-esteem. Consistent with evolutionary theory, women were more likely to emphasise their caring and passionate romantic nature. In line with previous cross-cultural research, characteristics indicating passion and romance and social attractiveness were stressed more by...

Goodwin, Robin; Marshall, Tara; Fu?lo?p, Marta; Adonu, Joseph; Spiewak, Slawomir; Neto, Felix; Plaza, Sonia Hernandez

2012-01-01

377

Parental behavioral and psychological control relationships to self-esteem, life satisfaction, depression, and antisocial behaviors  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between parental behavioral control, psychological control and self-esteem, life satisfaction, antisocial behaviors and depression among Turkish adolescents. Participants for the present study consisted of 333 adolescents (168 girls, 163 boys) between the age of 13 to 15 with a mean of 13.90 (SD=.514) years. Participants completed measures on behavioral control, psychological control and self-esteem, life satisfaction, antisocial beha...

Yalç?n Özdemir

2012-01-01

378

Moderating Effects of Resilience, Self-Esteem and Social Support on Adolescents’ Reactions to Violence  

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This study examined the relation between exposure to violence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of adolescents and the moderator effects of resilience, self-esteem and social support. Measures of exposure to violence, resilience, self-esteem, social support and PTSD symptoms were administered on 280 secondary school adolescents randomly selected from Kwara state, Nigeria. Data were analysed using hierarchical multiple regression. Exposure to violence was positively related to PTSD. The...

Salami, Samuel O.

2010-01-01

379

Self-Esteem of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in Regular and Special Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The study focuses on the self-esteem of deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) students from Slovenia. A total of 80 D/HH students from regular and special primary schools (grades 6-9) and from regular and special secondary schools (grades 1-4) completed the Self-Esteem Questionnaire (Lamovec 1994). For the entire group of D/HH students, the results of…

Lesar, Irena; Smrtnik Vitulic, Helena

2014-01-01

380

Evaluation of self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis  

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Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore,...

?jlal Erturan; Evrim Aktepe; Didem Didar Balc?; Mehmet Y?ld?r?m; Yonca Sönmez; Ali Murat Ceyhan

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

The Relationships Between Music Self-Efficacies, Self-Esteems and Personal Characteristics of Music Students  

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The aim of this study is to determine the relationships between the music self-efficacies and self-esteems of students who receive vocational music training at the high school and university levels in Antalya. In addition, the research aims at determining the correlations between students' music self-efficacy and self-esteem levels, and their personal characteristics such as gender, school, major instrument, daily practice time and total instrument experience. The universe consisted of 56,5% ...

O?zmentes?, Go?kmen Akdeniz U?niversitesi

2014-01-01

382

Collective Self-Esteem as a Coping Resource for Male-to-Female Transsexuals  

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The fear of experiencing discrimination often provokes symptoms of psychological distress. One coping resource is positive identification with one’s social group—known as collective self-esteem. This preliminary study investigated whether collective self-esteem was related to fears regarding a transsexual identity and psychological distress among 53 self-identified male-to-female transsexuals (mean age = 50.79). Participants were recruited from transgender events held in Arizona and Calif...

Sa?nchez, Francisco J.; Vilain, Eric

2009-01-01

383

"I Think It's Low Self-Esteem". Teachers' Judgements: A Cautionary Tale  

Science.gov (United States)

Although there is a debate about the importance of self-esteem in education, many primary teachers wish to help children who suffer from low self-esteem. However, in order to do this, we first have to identify such children. It is almost taken for granted that we can make quite accurate judgements based on the knowledge built up through day-to-day…

Miller, David; Parker, Donna

2006-01-01

384

Relationship Between Self-Concept, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Depression and Academic Achievement in Adolescents  

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This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran’s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. More...

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani; Javad Ejei; Mohammad-Karim Khodapanahi; Hamid Tarkhorani

2007-01-01

385

Parent-adolescent conflict and depression symptoms of adolescents: mediator role of self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Purpose: The present study examined the direct and indirect relationships between parent-adolescent conflict, self-esteem, and depression symptoms. Method: Participants were 338 (150 male, 188 female adolescents aged between 14–18 attending public high schools. Participants completed a questionnaire that included measures of parent-adolescent conflict, self-esteem, and depression symptoms. Results: Findings provided evidence of direct effects of parent-adolescent conflict on depression symptoms and indirect effects of mother adolescent conflict on depression symptoms through self-esteem. Specifically, results indicated that mother adolescent conflict were positively and directly related to self-esteem, and indirectly related to depression through self-esteem. Parent-adolescent conflict explained 8 of the variance and together parent-adolescent conflict and self-esteem explained 26 of the variance in depression symptoms. Conclusion: Findings of the present study provided evidence for the negative affect of parent-adolescent conflict on adolescents' mental health. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

yalcin ozdemir

2014-01-01

386

Embodied terror management: interpersonal touch alleviates existential concerns among individuals with low self-esteem.  

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Individuals with low (rather than high) self-esteem often struggle with existential concerns. In the present research, we examined whether these existential concerns may be alleviated by seemingly trivial experiences of both real and simulated interpersonal touch. A brief touch on the shoulder by a female experimenter led individuals with low self-esteem to experience less death anxiety (Study 1) and more social connectedness after a death reminder (Study 2). Reminding individuals with low self-esteem of death increased their desire for touch, as indicated by higher value estimates of a teddy bear, a toy animal that simulates interpersonal touch (Study 3). Finally, holding a teddy bear (vs. a cardboard box) led individuals with low self-esteem to respond to a death reminder with less defensive ethnocentrism (Study 4). Individuals with high self-esteem were unaffected by touch (Studies 1-4). These findings highlight the existential significance of embodied touch experiences, particularly for individuals with low self-esteem. PMID:24190907

Koole, Sander L; Tjew A Sin, Mandy; Schneider, Iris K

2014-01-01

387

The Self-Liking Brain: A VBM Study on the Structural Substrate of Self-Esteem  

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Abundant evidence suggests that self-esteem is an important personality resource for emotion regulation in response to stressful experiences. It was thus hypothesized that the relative grey matter volume of brain regions involved in responding to and coping with stress is related to individual differences in trait self-esteem. Using structural magnetic resonance imaging of 48 healthy adults in conjunction with voxel-based morphometry and diffeomorphic anatomical registration using exponentiated lie algebra (VBM-DARTEL), positive associations between self-esteem and regional grey matter volume were indeed found in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), right lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC), right hippocampus, and left hypothalamus. In addition, self-esteem positively covaried with grey matter volume in the right temporo-parietal junction (TPJ), which has been implicated in pride and theory of mind. The results suggest that persons with low self-esteem have reduced grey matter volume in brain regions that contribute to emotion/stress regulation, pride, and theory of mind. The findings provide novel neuroanatomical evidence for the view that self-esteem constitutes a vital coping resource. PMID:24489727

Agroskin, Dmitrij; Klackl, Johannes; Jonas, Eva

2014-01-01

388

THE COMPARISON OF SELF-ESTEEM AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SEX AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF DIFFERENT UNIVERSITIES  

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Full Text Available The process of shaping one's self-esteem and psychological sex is to a large extent determined by the immediate social environment. The major impact is exerted by family members as well as significant others, whose opinions and judgements are deemed to be of cardinal importance. Psychological sex and self-esteem directly affect the quality of relations with other people, which, in turn, results in the feeling of satisfaction or discontentment. The aim of the undertaken research was to determine and compare the level of self-esteem and the type of psychological sex of female students at different types of universities. The data were collected by means of A. Kuczynska's Psychological Sex Inventory and L. Niebrzydowski's Self-esteem Questionnaire. The research group consisted of 320 women studying at four university schools in Wroclaw. The research allows to conclude that there are significant differences in terms of a multitude of psychological sex types and the level of self-esteem among female students of different universities. It appears that the highest level of self-esteem was observed in students of University School of Physical Education. This group of subjects comprises also the largest amount of female students with male and androgynous psychological sex.

Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna

2010-04-01

389

Existential neuroscience: self-esteem moderates neuronal responses to mortality-related stimuli.  

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According to terror management theory, self-esteem serves as a buffer against existential anxiety. This proposition is well supported empirically, but its neuronal underpinnings are poorly understood. Therefore, in the present neuroimaging study, our aim was to test how self-esteem affects our neural circuitry activation when death-related material is processed. Consistent with previous findings, the bilateral insula responded less to death-related stimuli relative to similarly unpleasant, but death-unrelated sentences, an effect that might reflect a decrease in the sense of oneself in the face of existential threat. In anterior parts of the insula, this 'deactivation' effect was more pronounced for high self-esteem individuals, suggesting that the insula might be of core importance to understanding the anxiety-buffering effect of self-esteem. In addition, low self-esteem participants responded with enhanced activation to death-related over unpleasant stimuli in bilateral ventrolateral prefrontal and medial orbitofrontal cortex, suggesting that regulating death-related thoughts might be more effortful to these individuals. Together, this suggests that the anxiety-buffering effect of self-esteem might be implemented in the brain in the form of both insula-dependent awareness mechanisms and prefrontal cortex-dependent regulation mechanisms. PMID:24222712

Klackl, Johannes; Jonas, Eva; Kronbichler, Martin

2014-11-01

390

Students' Self-Esteem at School: The Risk, the Challenge, and the Cure  

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Full Text Available As one of the most important elements in students’ psychological well-being, self-esteem is often neglected at school. In schools where students are grouped based on their academic abilities (Between Class Ability Grouping or BCAG, or tracking, teachers are likely to have different expectancies toward different group of students; towards high-achieving students, they tend to be academically supportive, while towards low-achieving students, they tend to control students’ behavior in order to avoid disciplinary problems. In turn, students observe their teachers’ classroom behavior and develop different perception towards their teachers’ expectancy. Eventually, self-esteem of the students is affected by their perceived teachers’ expectancy (PTE, where the effect is not always positive. In other words, while most teachers would rather not to teach in mixed classrooms, the practice of BCAG might contribute negative effect to students’ self-esteem. Therefore, any strategy to improve students’ self-esteem might not be able to produce long-lasting result, because teachers’ expectancy towards the students is strongly influenced by the classroom segregation. However, it was discovered recently that Locus of Control (LoC mediates the effect of PTE on students’ self-esteem. In the light of that, there is a hope to develop or maintain students’ self-esteem levels by developing some strategies based on Behavior Modification Theories to alter students’ LoC.

Prihadi Kususanto

2012-01-01

391

Globální sebehodnocení u skupiny ?eských senior? a adolescent? Global self esteem in a sample of Czech seniors and adolescents  

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Full Text Available Globální sebehodnocení (GSH je teoretický konstrukt, který p?edstavuje jednu z psychologických charakteristik osobnosti. Aspekty GSH dosud nejsou dostate?n? prostudovány. V tomto ?lánku p?edkládáme výsledky dvou na sebe navazujících studií, které se t?mto aspekt?m v?nují. Ve studii 1 jsme sledovali úrove? GSH vzhledem k pohlaví v souboru senior? (75 žen, 31 muž?, pr?m?rný v?k 70,08 let, SD = 6056. Jednalo se o aktivní seniory, kte?í se pravideln? ú?astnili organizovaných pohybových aktivit v rámci TJ Sokol na území ?eské republiky. V navazující studii jsme srovnali úrove? GSH tohoto souboru senior? a souboru adolescent?, student? st?edních škol (41 žen, 61 muž?, pr?m?rný v?k 17,15 let, SD = 0,68. Pro m??ení úrovn? GSH jsme použili Rosenbergovu škálu sebehodnocení. Výsledky studie 1 ukázaly, že ve výzkumném souboru senior? existují statisticky významné rozdíly v úrovni GSH mezi ženami a muži. Hodnoty však byly vysoké u muž? i u žen. Z výsledk? navazující studie vyplývá, že z hlediska úrovn? GSH existují mezi soubory adolescent? a senior? statisticky významné rozdíly. Zjistili jsme, že senio?i vykazují vyšší hodnoty GSH ?ast?ji než adolescenti. In this paper, we have reported on the results of two follow up studies concerning various aspects of global self esteem (GSE. We used the Rosenberg self esteem scale to measure GSE. In study no. 1, we examined the level of global self esteem with respect to gender perspective within a sample of 106 seniors. In the follow up study, we compared the levels of global self esteem of seniors and a sample of 102 adolescents. The results of study no. 1 showed significant differences in GSE between men and women in the sample of seniors. The results of the follow up study showed significant differences in the levels of GSE between seniors and adolescents.

Jan Stochl

2008-05-01

392

Sync or sink? Interpersonal synchrony impacts self-esteem  

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Synchronized behavior has significant social influence both in terms of everyday activities (e.g., walking and talking) as well as via more historical contexts (e.g., cultural rituals). Grounded in the science of coordination dynamics, previous research has revealed that interpersonal synchrony has numerous affiliative and pro-social consequences, such as enhanced rapport, cooperation, and social-cognitive functioning. The current study sought to explore the impact of intentional synchrony versus asynchrony on an individual’s self-esteem and their feelings of social connection with a partner. The results revealed that individuals felt better about themselves following a period of synchronous compared to asynchronous movement, while they also perceived a greater self-other overlap with their partner. These findings not only extend previous research on social connections following interpersonal synchrony, but also provide the first demonstration of an influence on self-evaluations. Overall, it appears that moving in time with others may result in us feeling better about ourselves compared to moving to our own rhythm. PMID:25285090

Lumsden, Joanne; Miles, Lynden K.; Macrae, C. Neil

2014-01-01

393

Fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com incontinência urinária: estudo longitudinal / Physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with urinary incontinence: a longitudinal study  

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Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A autoestima é uma das variáveis psicológicas mais estudadas e reconhecidas por muitos investigadores, e tem vindo a assumir importância na experiência de vida das pessoas, nos mais variados contextos de vida. A incontinência urinária (IU) nas mulheres, que constitui um problema de Saúde Pública, co [...] m elevada prevalência pode implicar repercussões ao nível da autoestima. Objetivo: investigar os efeitos da fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com IU. Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por 157 mulheres com IU de esforço (variando entre 18-80 anos), tendo sido divididas em grupo experimental de fisioterapia (n=100), que realizou um programa de 12 semanas de fisioterapia uroginecológica e grupo de controlo (n=57) que recebeu o seguimento clínico habitual. Antes de cada intervenção e após 12 semanas avaliamos a autoestima através da Escala de Autoestima Global de Rosenberg. As participantes assinaram o termo de consentimento aprovado pelo Comité de Ética do Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal. Resultados: Constatamos que o programa de fisioterapia uroginecológica aumentou os níveis de autoestima das mulheres (p Abstract in english Self-esteem is one of the psychological variables most studied by researchers and it has been assuming a great importance in the people’s life experience, in the several life contexts. Urinary incontinence (UI) in women constitutes a public health problem, with a high prevalence that may involve rep [...] ercussions on the self-esteem. Aim: Investigate the effects of physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with UI. Methods: The sample consisted in 157 women with stress UI (ranging from 18-80 years), divided into physiotherapy intervention group (n=100), that followed a 12-week of pelvic physiotherapy program and a control group (n=57) that received the routine clinical follow-up. Before each intervention and after 12 weeks, we evaluated the self-esteem by the Rosenberg’s Global Self-Esteem Scale. Participants signed the consent approved by the Hospital São João Ethics Committee, Porto, Portugal. Results: We found that the pelvic physiotherapy program raised the self-esteem levels on the women (p

Rui, Viana; Sara, Viana; Renato, Andrade; Clarinda, Festas; Félix, Neto.

2014-03-01

394

Fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com incontinência urinária: estudo longitudinal / Physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with urinary incontinence: a longitudinal study  

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Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A autoestima é uma das variáveis psicológicas mais estudadas e reconhecidas por muitos investigadores, e tem vindo a assumir importância na experiência de vida das pessoas, nos mais variados contextos de vida. A incontinência urinária (IU) nas mulheres, que constitui um problema de Saúde Pública, co [...] m elevada prevalência pode implicar repercussões ao nível da autoestima. Objetivo: investigar os efeitos da fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com IU. Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por 157 mulheres com IU de esforço (variando entre 18-80 anos), tendo sido divididas em grupo experimental de fisioterapia (n=100), que realizou um programa de 12 semanas de fisioterapia uroginecológica e grupo de controlo (n=57) que recebeu o seguimento clínico habitual. Antes de cada intervenção e após 12 semanas avaliamos a autoestima através da Escala de Autoestima Global de Rosenberg. As participantes assinaram o termo de consentimento aprovado pelo Comité de Ética do Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal. Resultados: Constatamos que o programa de fisioterapia uroginecológica aumentou os níveis de autoestima das mulheres (p Abstract in english Self-esteem is one of the psychological variables most studied by researchers and it has been assuming a great importance in the people’s life experience, in the several life contexts. Urinary incontinence (UI) in women constitutes a public health problem, with a high prevalence that may involve rep [...] ercussions on the self-esteem. Aim: Investigate the effects of physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with UI. Methods: The sample consisted in 157 women with stress UI (ranging from 18-80 years), divided into physiotherapy intervention group (n=100), that followed a 12-week of pelvic physiotherapy program and a control group (n=57) that received the routine clinical follow-up. Before each intervention and after 12 weeks, we evaluated the self-esteem by the Rosenberg’s Global Self-Esteem Scale. Participants signed the consent approved by the Hospital São João Ethics Committee, Porto, Portugal. Results: We found that the pelvic physiotherapy program raised the self-esteem levels on the women (p

Rui, Viana; Sara, Viana; Renato, Andrade; Clarinda, Festas; Félix, Neto.

395

“I Like My Body; Therefore, I Like Myself”: How Body Image Influences Self-Esteem—A Cross-Sectional Study on Italian Adolescents  

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Full Text Available Puberty is a very important process for adolescents. Physiological changes and body modifications lead to great vulnerability. This vulnerability is connected to the adolescent’s perceptions of the uncertainty of outcomes due to the transformation of their infant body into an adult one. This cross-sectional study aims to better understand whether body image perception and satisfaction influence self-esteem in a sample of Italian male and female adolescents. A total of 242 adolescents (120 male and 122 female individuals aged 11 to 17 years (M = 13.33; SD = 1.7 completed the study measures. Quantitative and qualitative instruments were used. In particular, adolescents completed self-report questionnaires to assess their pubertal status (Pubertal Developmental Scale, Peterson, Crockett, Richards, & Boxer, 1988, their body esteem (Body Esteem Scale, Mendelson, Mendelson, & White, 2001, their body image (Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire, Rauste-von Wright, 1989, and their self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg,1965. Adolescent were also invited to depict themselves to assess their body representations by completing the Drawing Me test (Confalonieri, 2011. Results from MANOVAs confirm that gender and age are two factors that influence body image perception and satisfaction. SEM analyses show that good self-esteem is reached through good body satisfaction following different trajectories in male and female individuals. Data from adolescents’ body representations obtained via drawings confirm that females are more concerned about their body changes and about the appearance of secondary sexual features than males. This research, stressing the influence of various individual factors and highlighting the psychological distress and dissatisfaction of adolescents, especially females, confirms the importance of studying this topic in order to generate preventive measures to help adolescents through this developmental task.

Elena Gatti

2014-05-01

396

Membership in a Devalued Social Group and Emotional Well-Being: Developing a Model of Personal Self-Esteem, Collective Self-Esteem, and Group Socialization.  

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Tested a theoretical model that linked membership in a devalued social group to emotional health. Surveyed white, middle-to-upper-class undergraduate students regarding personal and collective self-esteem (by gender), attitudes and behaviors associated with female socialization, and emotional distress. Results supported the direct effect of each…

Katz, Jennifer; Joiner, Thomas E., Jr.; Kwon, Paul

2002-01-01

397

Auto-estima pessoal e coletiva em mães e não-mães / Personal and collective self-esteem in mothers and non-mothers  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O estudo investigou as implicações da condição de maternidade e de não-maternidade para a construção da auto-estima pessoal e coletiva das mulheres, mediante o teste das hipóteses de que os índices de auto-estima pessoal e de auto-estima coletiva obtidos por mulheres mães seriam significativamente m [...] aiores do que os índices obtidos por mulheres não-mães. A amostra foi composta por 310 mulheres, com idades variando entre 30 e 69 anos, distribuídas em um grupo de mães e um outro de não-mães, as quais foram solicitadas a responder às versões brasileiras da Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg e da Escala de Auto-Estima Coletiva. A análise dos resultados revelou que as duas hipóteses do estudo foram corroboradas. Concluiu-se que as concepções e representações tradicionais acerca da maternidade ainda desempenham um importante papel na configuração da identidade feminina. Abstract in english The study investigates the motherhood and non-motherhood conditions, and its implications to women in their construction of personal and collective self-esteem. The hypotheses to be tested were that mothers would present personal and collective self-esteem indexes significantly greater than non-moth [...] ers. The sample consisted of 310 women, between 30 and 69 years of age, distributed in two groups, mothers and non-mothers. Both groups were asked to answer the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and Collective Self-Esteem Scale. Results confirmed both hypotheses. It was concluded that traditional conceptions and representations of motherhood still play an important role in the construction of feminine identity.

Daniela Borges Lima de, Souza; Maria Cristina, Ferreira.

398

Auto-estima pessoal e coletiva em mães e não-mães Personal and collective self-esteem in mothers and non-mothers  

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Full Text Available O estudo investigou as implicações da condição de maternidade e de não-maternidade para a construção da auto-estima pessoal e coletiva das mulheres, mediante o teste das hipóteses de que os índices de auto-estima pessoal e de auto-estima coletiva obtidos por mulheres mães seriam significativamente maiores do que os índices obtidos por mulheres não-mães. A amostra foi composta por 310 mulheres, com idades variando entre 30 e 69 anos, distribuídas em um grupo de mães e um outro de não-mães, as quais foram solicitadas a responder às versões brasileiras da Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg e da Escala de Auto-Estima Coletiva. A análise dos resultados revelou que as duas hipóteses do estudo foram corroboradas. Concluiu-se que as concepções e representações tradicionais acerca da maternidade ainda desempenham um importante papel na configuração da identidade feminina.The study investigates the motherhood and non-motherhood conditions, and its implications to women in their construction of personal and collective self-esteem. The hypotheses to be tested were that mothers would present personal and collective self-esteem indexes significantly greater than non-mothers. The sample consisted of 310 women, between 30 and 69 years of age, distributed in two groups, mothers and non-mothers. Both groups were asked to answer the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and Collective Self-Esteem Scale. Results confirmed both hypotheses. It was concluded that traditional conceptions and representations of motherhood still play an important role in the construction of feminine identity.

Daniela Borges Lima de Souza

2005-04-01

399

Managing motivational conflict: how self-esteem and executive resources influence self-regulatory responses to risk.  

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This article explores how self-esteem and executive resources interact to determine responses to motivational conflict. One correlational and 3 experimental studies investigated the hypothesis that high and low self-esteem people undertake different self-regulatory strategies in "risky" situations that afford opportunity to pursue competing goals and that carrying out these strategies requires executive resources. When such resources are available, high self-esteem people respond to risk by prioritizing and pursuing approach goals, whereas low self-esteem people prioritize avoidance goals. However, self-esteem does not influence responses to risk when executive resources are impaired. In these studies, risk was operationalized by exposing participants to a relationship threat (Studies 1 and 2), by using participants' self-reported marital conflict (Study 3), and by threatening academic competence (Study 4). Executive resources were operationalized as cognitive load (Studies 1 and 2), working memory capacity (Study 3), and resource depletion (Study 4). When executive resources were ample, high self-esteem people responded to interpersonal risk by making more positive relationship evaluations (Studies 1, 2, and 3) and making more risky social comparisons following a personal failure (Study 4) than did low self-esteem people. Self-esteem did not predict participants' responses when executive resources were impaired or when risk was absent. The regulatory function of self-esteem may be more resource-dependent than has been previously theorized. PMID:22663349

Cavallo, Justin V; Holmes, John G; Fitzsimons, Gráinne M; Murray, Sandra L; Wood, Joanne V

2012-09-01

400

Autoestima y Trastornos de Personalidad de lo Lineal a lo Complejo / Self-esteem and Personality Disorders From linearity to complexity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La relación entre autoestima y psicopatología es compleja. Mediante el RSS (Rosenberg) y otras escalas (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) hallamos, en 100 pacientes con Trastorno de Personalidad, una media de autoestima de 20,48 (D.T = 5,54), inferior a otras muestras clínicas y a la población general. E [...] ncontramos un "cluster" de autoestima positiva en los rasgos narcisistas e histriónicos; y otro "cluster" de autoestima negativa en los rasgos límites, autodestructivos, fóbico-evitativos, esquizotípicos, pasivo-agresivos y esquizoides (TB ? 85 en el MCMI-II). La apertura a criterios de estabilidad, congruencia e integración con otros procesos permite una comprensión más fecunda del constructo en el ámbito de los Trastornos de Personalidad. Abstract in english The relationship between self-esteem and psychopathology is complex. Using the RSS (Rosenberg) and other scales (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) we found, in 100 personality disorder patients, an average self-esteem of 20.48 (S.D. = 5.54), less than in other patients and the general public. A cluster o [...] f positive self-esteem made of narcissistic and histrionic traits was found. Another cluster of negative self-esteem is formed by borderline, self-destructive, phobic, schizotypal, passive-aggressive and schizoid traits (TB ? 85 in MCMI-II). By opening research up to criteria of stability, consistency and integration, with other processes, we can gain a more fruitful understanding of personality disorders.

Juan Manuel, Ramos Martín.

2012-07-01

 
 
 
 
401

Relationship between Quality of Life, Hardiness,Self-efficacy and Self-esteem amongst Employed and Unemployed Married Women in Zabol  

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Full Text Available Objective: Examining the interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, selfefficacy and self-esteem among working (professional and non-professional, and non-working married women has motivated the researcher to launch this study. Method: The samples in the present study consisted of 250 married employed women and 250 married unemployed women in the age range of 24-41 years old belonging to lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status groups, with educational qualification of 10±2 and above and having at least one school child. Stratified convenience sampling technique was used for the selection of the sample. The World Health Organization -Quality of Life (WHO QOL – BREF, the Personal View Survey (PVS, the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE, The Coopersmith Self-Eesteem Inventory (CSEI and demographic questionnaire Sheet were chosen for collection of the data. Results: Obtained Pearson r values revealed significant positive interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem in the whole sample, within the subgroups of professional and non-professional employed and unemployed women. Obtained pearson r values revealed significant negative relationship between employment and the above variables in women. Conclusion: It indicates that women with higher quality of life score rank also higher on hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem and vice versa.

Promila Vasudeva

2006-07-01

402

When autocratic leaders become an option--uncertainty and self-esteem predict implicit leadership preferences.  

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We investigated the impact of uncertainty on leadership preferences and propose that the conjunction of self-esteem level and stability is an important moderator in this regard. Self-threatening uncertainty is aversive and activates the motivation to regain control. People with high and stable self-esteem should be confident of achieving this goal by self-determined amelioration of the situation and should therefore show a stronger preference for democratic leadership under conditions of uncertainty. By contrast, people with low and unstable self-esteem should place their trust and hope in the abilities of powerful others, resulting in a preference for autocratic leadership. Studies 1a and 1b validate explicit and implicit leadership measures and demonstrate a general prodemocratic default attitude under conditions of certainty. Studies 2 and 3 reveal a democratic reaction for individuals with stable high self-esteem and a submissive reaction for individuals with unstable low self-esteem under conditions of uncertainty. In Study 4, this pattern is cancelled out when individuals evaluate leadership styles from a leader instead of a follower perspective. PMID:21534703

Schoel, Christiane; Bluemke, Matthias; Mueller, Patrick; Stahlberg, Dagmar

2011-09-01

403

Wheelchair dancing and self-esteem in adolescents with physical disabilities  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with physical disabilities are prone to experience lowered self-esteem which can result in negative consequences for the individual as well as the community. It has been found that dancing may have positive emotional, social and developmental consequences. AIM: The aim of t [...] his study was to determine the influence of wheelchair dancing on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were involved in this quantitative study. A before-and-after experimental study design was used which included a control group. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain information from the participants. The experimental group participated in wheelchair dancing, while the control group did not. RESULTS: A difference between the two groups was observed with 72.7% of the intervention group displaying an increase in self-esteem, compared to 54.6% of the control group. Improved self-esteem manifested in, for example, an improvement in eye contact and sense of responsibility. CONCLUSION: The researchers concluded that wheelchair dancing may have a positive influence on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities.

Danette, de Villiers; FC, van Rooyen; M, Comm; V, Beck; Y, Calitz; T, Erwee; C, Engelbrecht; E, Odendaal; L, Roothman; L, van Eeden.

404

Wheelchair dancing and self-esteem in adolescents with physical disabilities  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with physical disabilities are prone to experience lowered self-esteem which can result in negative consequences for the individual as well as the community. It has been found that dancing may have positive emotional, social and developmental consequences. AIM: The aim of t [...] his study was to determine the influence of wheelchair dancing on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were involved in this quantitative study. A before-and-after experimental study design was used which included a control group. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain information from the participants. The experimental group participated in wheelchair dancing, while the control group did not. RESULTS: A difference between the two groups was observed with 72.7% of the intervention group displaying an increase in self-esteem, compared to 54.6% of the control group. Improved self-esteem manifested in, for example, an improvement in eye contact and sense of responsibility. CONCLUSION: The researchers concluded that wheelchair dancing may have a positive influence on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities.

Danette, de Villiers; FC, van Rooyen; M, Comm; V, Beck; Y, Calitz; T, Erwee; C, Engelbrecht; E, Odendaal; L, Roothman; L, van Eeden.

2013-08-01

405

Salespeople's Renqing Orientation, Self-esteem, and Selling Behaviors: An Empirical Study in Taiwan.  

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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how salespeople's renqing orientation and self-esteem jointly affect their selling behavior. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data were obtained from a survey of salespeople from 17 pharmaceutical and consumer-goods companies in Taiwan (n = 216). FINDINGS: Salespeople's renqing orientation (i.e., their propensity to adhere to the accepted norm of reciprocity) compensates the negative effect of self-esteem on their selling behaviors, such as adaptive selling and hard work. IMPLICATIONS: Our study results underscore the critical role of the character trait of renqing orientation in a culture emphasizing a norm of reciprocity. Therefore, it would be useful to consider a strategy of recruiting salespeople with either a high self-esteem or a combination of high renqing orientation and low self-esteem. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The existing literature of industrial/organizational psychology and marketing primarily relies on constructs that are derived from Western cultural contexts. However, the present paper extended these literatures by investigating the possible joint effects of self-esteem with a trait originated from the Chinese culture on salespeople's selling behaviors. PMID:19498950

Tsai, Ming-Hong; Chi, Shu-Cheng Steve; Hu, Hsiu-Hua

2009-06-01

406

Self-perceived attractiveness, romantic desirability and self-esteem: a mating sociometer perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Sociometer theory proposes that self-esteem is an adaptation which evolved to monitor and regulate interpersonal relationships. It is therefore sensitive to self-assessments in domains relevant to relational desirability. Positive relationships between self-perceived physical attractiveness and self-esteem found in previous studies may reflect the functioning of a mating sociometer, designed to monitor individuals' desirability as romantic or sexual partners. We thus predicted that these relationships should be mediated by self-perceptions of romantic desirability, or more specifically, individuals' confidence in their abilities to successfully establish and maintain romantic relationships. Two hundred and eighty seven young adults (98 male) completed an online measure of self-perceived attractiveness, together with measures of self-confidence in appearance and romantic relationships, body-esteem and global self-esteem. Linear regression analyses indicated that self-perceived attractiveness, self-confidence in appearance and body-esteem all significantly predicted self-esteem, and that in each case, the relationship was mediated by romantic self-confidence. Self-perceived attractiveness predicted self-esteem significantly more strongly in females than in males. We discuss these results in relation to sociometer and parental investment theories, and explore limitations and future directions. PMID:23353113

Bale, Christopher; Archer, John

2013-01-01

407

Predictors of suicidal ideation in a community sample: roles of anger, self-esteem, and depression.  

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The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationships of anger, self-esteem, and depression with suicidal ideation. A survey was conducted in a wide range of community areas across Jeollabuk-do Province, Korea. A total of 2964 subjects (mean age=44.4yr) participated in this study. Hierarchical regression was used to investigate predictors of suicidal ideation in terms of their sociodemographic characteristics, depression, self-esteem, and anger. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that anger and self-esteem were significantly associated with suicidal ideation regardless of age and after controlling for depression. Moderation analysis showed that the impact of anger on suicidal ideation was significantly greater among females than males in adolescents, but not in other age groups. Additionally, there were some differences in sociodemographic predictors of suicidal ideation among age groups. Predictors included gender and family harmony in adolescents, marital status and family harmony in middle-aged individuals, and economic status and family harmony in elderly individuals. Our results revealed that anger and self-esteem play important roles in suicidal ideation beyond the effect of depression. Development and implementation of preventive strategies, including management of anger and self-esteem, could possibly reduce suicidal ideation and subsequent suicide attempts. PMID:24507544

Jang, Jin-Mahn; Park, Jong-Il; Oh, Keun-Young; Lee, Keon-Hak; Kim, Myung Sig; Yoon, Myeong-Sook; Ko, Sung-Hee; Cho, Hye-Chung; Chung, Young-Chul

2014-04-30

408

Gender Differences of Brain Activity in the Conflicts Based on Implicit Self-Esteem  

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There are gender differences in global and domain-specific self-esteem and the incidence of some psychiatric disorders related to self-esteem, suggesting that there are gender differences in the neural basis underlying one's own self-esteem. We investigated gender differences in the brain activity while subjects (14 males and 12 females) performed an implicit self-esteem task, using fMRI. While ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) was significantly activated in females, medial and dorsomedial PFC (dmPFC) were activated in males in the incongruent condition (self?=?negative) compared with the congruent condition (self?=?positive). Additionally, scores on the explicit self-esteem test were negatively correlated with vmPFC activity in females and positively correlated with dmPFC activity in males. Furthermore, the functional relationships among the regions found by direct gender comparisons were discussed based on the somatic-marker model. These showed that, compared to males, females more firmly store even the incongruent associations as part of their schematic self-knowledge, and such associations automatically activate the neural networks for emotional response and control, in which vmPFC plays a central role. This may explain female cognitive/behavioral traits; females have more tendency to ruminate more often than males, which sometimes results in a prolonged negative affect. PMID:22666409

Miyamoto, Reiko; Kikuchi, Yoshiaki

2012-01-01

409

The modification and standardisation of the Harter self-esteem questionnaire with Scottish school children.  

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This paper describes a study to modify an American questionnaire measuring self-esteem in children for use in the United Kingdom and also to obtain normative values for this questionnaire with Scottish school children aged 8-15 years. Five thousand children resident in the Lothian Region of Scotland, a 5% sample of the age group, were identified using a cluster sampling technique in order to provide a random sample of the general population for this age group. The main findings were as follows: children usually rated themselves higher than the midpoint on most subscales, indicating that they have a positive regard for themselves; boys tended to rate themselves higher than girls on most subscales except behaviour; scores tended to decline as children get older, especially for girls; global or overall self-esteem was highly correlated with the other subscales, especially physical appearance or attractiveness; self-esteem scores were not influenced by social class, school or religion. The modified Harter questionnaire can be used to measure self-esteem in several situations. These include comparisons between different groups of children, changes in self-esteem following treatment interventions or the effects of illness on children's psychological adjustment. Finally, the study has provided normative values for a Scottish population of school children aged 8-15 years. PMID:21590526

Hoare, P; Elton, R; Greer, A; Kerley, S

1993-01-01