According to the tripartite model of the self (Brewer & Gardner, 1996), the self consists of three aspects: personal, relational, and collective. Correspondingly, individuals can achieve a sense of self-worth through their personal attributes (personal self-esteem), relationship with significant others (relational self-esteem), or social group membership (collective self-esteem). Existing measures on personal and collective self-esteem are available in the literature; however, no scale exists that assesses relational self-esteem. The authors developed a scale to measure individual differences in relational self-esteem and tested it with two samples of Chinese university students. Between and within-network approaches to construct validation were used. The scale showed adequate internal consistency reliability and results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed good fit. It also exhibited meaningful correlations with theoretically relevant constructs in the nomological network. Implications and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:22462657
Du, Hongfei; King, Ronnel B; Chi, Peilian
The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability, factorial validity and measurement invariance (across gender, age and physical activity participation) of a Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The sample consisted of 1,763 Portuguese youngsters (731 male and 1,032 female) with ages between 15 and 20 years.…
Vasconcelos-Raposo, Jose; Fernandes, Helder Miguel; Teixeira, Carla M.; Bertelli, Rosangela
Recent research has shown that perfectionism is an important psychological variable in explaining various disorders. This study evaluated (a) the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Chinese Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (CFMPS) and (b) the relative predictive power of its subscales for self-esteem and psychological distress, including depressive, anxiety, and stress symptoms. Nine hundred and forty-seven Chinese adolescents from Hong Kong between 13 and 18 years of age participated in the study. Results indicated that five of the original six factors emerged in the factor analysis. The CFMPS and its subscales were found to have satisfactory internal consistencies. Replicating and extending previous findings, the factors "Concern over Mistakes" and "Doubt about Action" accounted for most of the variances of self-esteem and psychological distress. The factor "Organization" might have positive value on psychological health. Possible cultural influence on the development of perfectionism and limitations of the study are discussed. PMID:10576320
Cheng, S K; Chong, G H; Wong, C W
Self-esteem measures confidence in one’s abilities. Prior literature has shown that higher self-esteem can also affect individual financial decision making through an increased willingness to invest in risky assets and motivation to enhance self image through wealth accumulation. However, self-esteem can also lead to wealth-destroying investment behaviors due to overconfidence and an unwillingness to accept inevitable losses. Using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale included in the National Lo...
Chatterjee, Swarn; Finke, Michael; Harness, Nathaniel
Classical factor analysis assumes independent and identically distributed observations. Educational data, however, are often hierarchically structured, with, for example, students being nested within classes. In this study, data on self-esteem gathered in a sample of 1,107 students within 72 school classes in Switzerland were analyzed using…
Zimprich, Daniel; Perren, Sonja; Hornung, Rainer
Full Text Available Abstract Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for adult include Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Janis-Field Feeling of Inadequacy Scale, and these for children include Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Pope's 5-Scale Test of Self-Esteem for children, and Kid- KINDL®. Other methods include Ziller Social Self-Esteem Scale and Implicit Association Test. The development of children's self-esteem is heavily influenced by their environment, that is, their homes, neighborhoods, and schools. Children with damaged self-esteem are at risk of developing psychological and social problems, which hinders recovery from low self-esteem. Thus, to recover low self-esteem, it is important for children to accumulate a series of successful experiences to create a positive concept of self. Evaluating children's self-esteem can be an effective method for understanding their past and present circumstances, and useful to treat for children with psychosomatic disorders.
Summary.-This study examined how humor styles could mediate the effect of self-esteem on subjective happiness. 227 Hong Kong undergraduate students completed the Humor Styles Questionnaire, the Roxsenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Subjective Happiness Scale. Results showed adaptive humor styles (affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor) significantly predicted self-esteem and subjective happiness and mediated the relationship between self-esteem and subjective happiness. Maladaptive humor styles (aggressive humor and self-defeating humor) did not strongly predict self-esteem or subjective happiness. The mediation effects of humor styles found in the present research provided useful suggestions for future studies. PMID:25153846
Yue, Xiao Dong; Liu, Katy Wing-Yin; Jiang, Feng; Hiranandani, Neelam Arjan
Full Text Available Researchers and clinicians from many disciplines are interested in learning more about the effects of self-esteem. Self-esteem affects motivation, functional behavior, and life satisfaction, and it is associated with well-being throughout life, significantly. What individuals choose to do and the way they do it in part may depend on their self-esteem and it can also fulfill the aims of mental health. This paper presents an investigation to determine the effect of play on children’s self-esteem and surveys appropriate interventions in this area. This study was semi experimental and the sample was 3rd grade elementary students who were randomly assigned into control (n=15 and experimental (n=15 groups. The instrument was Rosenberg self-esteem scale [Rosenberg, M. (1965. Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSE. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Measures Package, 61.]. Independent variable was 12 group sessions of self-esteem games executed among experimental group. Data was analyzed with univariate analysis of covariance. Results showed that self-esteem games in ? ? 0.05 were affected on self-esteem of children. Self-esteem game can be effective intervention for children self-esteem that with them control of factors such as time and children interactions with parent and teachers in future investigations could lead to greater confidence in its effectiveness discussed.
The purpose of this study is to examine badminton athletes’ self-esteem according to some variables. The research was carried out in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship where 12 clubs and 87 athletes participated in 2009. 42 national and 14 non-national totaly 56 badminton athletes whose mean age 18.78±3.46 that participated in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship in 2009 constitute our research sample. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, that was developed by Rosenberg (1963) and adapted to Turki...
EYLEM GENCER; I?lhan, Ekrem Levent
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine badminton athletes’ self-esteem according to some variables. The research was carried out in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship where 12 clubs and 87 athletes participated in 2009. 42 national and 14 non-national totaly 56 badminton athletes whose mean age 18.78±3.46 that participated in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship in 2009 constitute our research sample. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, that was developed by Rosenberg (1963 and adapted to Turkish by Çuhadaroglu was used to gather tha data. The data were analyzed by using the techniques such as desriptive statistics, bivariate correlation and Mann Whitney U test. Results showed that national athletes’ self-esteem points are higher than non-national athletes, there is positive and significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and age, there is significant difference in athletes’ self-esteem points according to gender in favour of female badminton athletes, there is no significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and competitor year, education, number of training day and interest to sport.
Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology theory is actually a theory of self-esteem psychology. For Adler the most important motivating force for behavior is a striving for superiority. A self-esteem theory of deviance was developed with the underlying proposition being that low self-esteem is the basic psychodynamic mechanism underlying deviance. For…
Steffenhagen, R. A.
Full Text Available Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. We evaluated self-esteem in 56 patients at the Department of Pediatrics of Okayama University Hospital who were undergoing outpatient therapy for psychosomatic symptoms, using Pope's 5-scale test of self-esteem for children. We examined patient attributes, course of therapy, and social adjustment. Patients with low self-esteem on multiple scales at the first visit were all female, and these patients had a significantly higher frequency of family function problems, such as a family member with a psychiatric disorder, economic hardship, or experience of child abuse. Moreover, the prognosis for these patients was poor regardless of their social adjustment at the first visit.
Full Text Available The present study intended to explore construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents and update psychometric properties found in previous studies. 1581 Mexican students (850 women and 731 men of a public high school in Mexico City responded to the scale. The sample was split randomly in half. EFA was applied using one sample´s data, and CFA to the other sample´s data. The model, assumed to underlie responses to the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents, satisfactorily fit the data, confirming a structure of 4 factors: self-cognitions, competence cognitions, family relations and rage. Results of the present study corroborate previous data concerning content, criterion-related and construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents.
Joaquín Caso Niebla
Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dental aesthetics and self-esteem inadolescents.Methods: The sample was 387 randomly selected high school adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. A clinicalexamination to evaluate dental aesthetics was conducted using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI. Self-esteem was assessedwith the Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included a descriptive analysis and means comparison, whichwas made through t-Student and ANOVA tests. DAI was correlated to Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale with Spearman’s rankcorrelation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed by using the SPSS program version 17.Results: The mean DAI score was 34.2 (SD=14.2 and self-esteem was 22.6 (SD=4.6. The low socioeconomic status(SES group had the highest levels of DAI and the lowest levels of self-esteem. A weak, but statistically significant, negativecorrelation was found between DAI scores and Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale (r=-0.1, p0.05. Regarding gender, in female individualsa negative weak correlation (r=-0.14, p0.05.Conclusions: The outcomes generated by this investigation can improve our understanding of how the correlationbetween dental aesthetics and self-esteem may fluctuate because of the SES variability.
Ginna Mabel Muñoz
Adaptação para uma população de estudantes universitários portugueses da escala de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy / Portuguese adaptation for university students of Heatherton and Polivy’s state self-esteem scale
Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A auto-estima é um importante conceito usado em diversas áreas da psicologia. Os estudos em português têm usado traduções de escalas de auto-estima geral (ex., a escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg, 1979), mas têm negligenciado importantes aspectos deste constructo como a auto-estima de estado. A aut [...] o-estima de estado é fundamental para estudos que apresentem manipulações dado que mede alterações momentâneas da auto-estima. Para colmatar esta lacuna, no presente trabalho procedeu-se a uma adaptação para português da escala multidimensional de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy (1991). Os resultados mostraram uma medida fidedigna e com a estrutura factorial consistente com a da escala original, distinguindo os componentes de auto-estima de performance, social, e aparência física. A discussão centra-se sobre as vantagens do uso de uma escala de auto-estima de estado. Abstract in english Self-esteem is a crucial concept for a wide range of areas in psychology. Several studies conducted in portuguese have adapted scales of general self-esteem (e.g., Rosenberg, 1979’s self-esteem scale) but have neglected other crucial aspects of this construct such as state self-esteem. To address th [...] is limitation, the present article provides a portuguese adaptation of Heatherton and Polivy’s (1991) state self-esteem scale. Results suggested a reliable measure with a factorial structure identical to the original scale, which included the components of performance, social, and appearance self-esteem. The discussion focuses on the advantages of using a state self-esteem measure.
Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.
Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar as propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (EAR para adolescentes. Participaram 4.757 adolescentes, com idades entre 14 e 18 anos (M=15,77; DP=1,22, de nove cidades brasileiras. Os participantes responderam a uma versão da EAR adaptada para o Brasil. A análise fatorial exploratória apontou uma estrutura bidimensional, com 51.4% da variância explicada, que foi sustentada pela análise fatorial confirmatória. As análises de consistência interna realizadas por meio do coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, confiabilidade composta e variância extraída indicaram bons valores de fidedignidade. Diferenças nos escores de autoestima em função do sexo e da idade não foram encontradas. Conclui-se que a EAR apresenta qualidades psicométricas satisfatórias, mostrando-se um instrumento confiável para medir autoestima em adolescentes brasileiros.The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometrics properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS for adolescents. The sample was composed of 4.757 adolescents, with ages between 14 and 18 years old (M=15.77; SD=1.22 in nine Brazilian cities. Participants responded to an adapted version of the RSS for Brazil. Exploratory factorial analysis showed a bidimensional structure, with 51.4% of explained variance. This result was supported by confirmatory factor analysis. The internal consistency analysis by Cronbach alpha coefficient, composite reliability and extracted variance indicated good reliability. Differences in self-esteem for gender and age were not found. These findings show that RSS has satisfactory psychometric qualities and it's a reliable instrument to assess self-esteem in Brazilian adolescents.
Juliana Burges Sbicigo
Background: This article examines the relationship between middle school students' experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending…
Patchin, Justin W.; Hinduja, Sameer
Full Text Available The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998 of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo. The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning, measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem. Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.
Joviana Q. Avanci
We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999) were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semeste...
Ernest Afari; Graeme Ward; Myint Swe Khine
Dispels six myths about "feel-good" self-esteem. Presents a more dynamic component of self-esteem called "inner self-esteem," which is based on children's actual competencies. Claims that inner self-esteem is enhanced by helping children develop skills to succeed in school and by fostering morally responsible behavior. (RJM)
The hypothesis of a low self-esteem in depressive patients was tested using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in 24 recovered unipolar and 27 recovered bipolar patients, compared with a normal control group of 26 subjects matched for age and sex. The hypothesis was confirmed only for unipolars; bipolar patients presented a self-esteem score not significantly different from normal scores. Self-esteem was not related to clinical characteristics of the affective disorder, suggesting that low self-esteem may be a basic component of a depression-prone personality. The investigation of the relationship between self-esteem and social adjustment confirmed the presence of social conformism in bipolar patients and rigidly set low self-esteem in unipolar patients. These results should stimulate the evaluation of different psychotherapeutic treatments in the long-term psychosocial management of affectively ill patients. PMID:8306117
Pardoen, D; Bauwens, F; Tracy, A; Martin, F; Mendlewicz, J
Full Text Available Professional self-esteem is a very important concept that should be highlighted to the professionals because it makes them understand their worthiness, evaluate their expertise and adjust themselves accordingly with their ambience. As far as the teachers are concerned, it becomes more imperative for them to persistently evaluate their competencies in order to perform their model role in their best. This continuous perusal of their professional abilities is the essence of professional self-esteem as it would, undoubtedly, enable them to explore those qualities which are complementary to the vitality of their role as a teacher. The perception of professional self-esteem is very important as it advocates the very essence of professionalism amongst the professionals. This research is mainly focused on professional self-esteem of teachers at secondary level. The major objective of this research is to compare the level of professional self-esteem of teachers (science/arts, rural/urban, male/female at secondary level. Aricak (1999 Professional Self-Esteem Scale was used for this research study. Simple random sampling technique was used to get sample from the population. Data was collected from secondary school teachers of Sahiwal District, who were teaching different subjects of Science and Arts.The response rate was 81% as 203 out of 250 questionnaires were returned. Independent Sample t-test was applied. There is no significant difference in the level of professional self-esteem of Arts and Science teachers and rural and urban teachers, whereas a significant difference is found in the professional self-esteem level of male and female. Female secondary school teachers have high professional self-esteem than male teachers.
Theory and empirical evidence suggest that North American-based measures of self-esteem, which measure individualistic positive self-regard, may be less applicable to Eastern cultures. In the present exploratory study, we examined how different conceptualizations of self-esteem, as measured by the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and the Collective Self-esteem (CSE) Scale, predicted drinking behavior among three groups of American college students (N = 326) with varying ethnicities: White, Korean,...
Pedersen, Eric R.; Hsu, Sharon Hsin; Neighbors, Clayton; Paves, Andrew P.; Larimer, Mary E.
The objectives of this study were to verify if inhaling rose and ylang-ylang essential oils has any effect on one's perception of self-esteem, and compare their efficiency. The study was approved by the University of São Paulo Hospital Research Ethics Committee. Participants were 43 workers from the Sanitation Department and from the Materials and Sterilization Center, and the study took place from May to July 2009. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: two that received the essential oils and a third that received placebo (rose essence). The self-esteem evaluation was performed using a scale validated in Brazil, which was applied before using the aromas, as well as 30 and 60 days after the use. Results showed that the sample consisted of 88.6% individuals with medium and high self-esteem, and that the essential oils did not make any significant changes to their perception of self-esteem. PMID:22031371
Gnatta, Juliana Rizzo; Zotelli, Maria Filomena Mourão; Carmo, Dulce Regina Batista; Lopes, Cristiane de Lion Botero Couto; Rogenski, Noemi Marisa Brunet; da Silva, Maria Júlia Paes
Full Text Available Adolescents are the bright hope of the future and are characterized by many physical, emotional and developmental change especially formation of self-esteem. During this stage, some of adolescents, however, experience anxious feeling, overwhelming sense of fear. Thus Present study was carried out to check the self-esteem and general anxiety in early adolescents. Methodology: It is a cross sectional study, in which one hundred (100 adolescents; out of which fifty were male and fifty were female; selected by purposive sampling. Assessment was done by using Self Esteem Inventory General Anxiety Scale for Children. The statistical analysis was carried out using the SPSS Windows 16.0 software package. The analysis of the obtained data was done using various descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: A significant difference was found in male and female adolescents on anxiety scale. A significant negative correlation was found between Self Esteem and Anxiety. Conclusion: Overall findings suggest that adolescents with low Self Esteem are significantly more anxious. Thus present study highlights the facts that it is equally important to enhance Self Esteem in order to provide holistic management including adequate mental health screening and interventions with adolescents.
This study examined the relationships between ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students at a higher learning institution. These relationships were examined among a sample of 144 respondents. The multigroup ethnic identity measure, the collective self-esteem scale and the academic self-efficacy scale were used to measure ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy, respectively. Positive correlations were found be...
Thomas, Tsholofelo Angela
The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a difference among prospective teachers in terms of humor styles, problem solving skills and self- esteem in regard to gender variable and whether there is a relation among humor styles, problem solving and self- esteem. The data of the study have been gathered through Humor Styles Scale, Problem Solving Inventory, Self- Esteem Scale and Personal Information Form. The sample of the study is composed of randomly selected 442 prospecti...
Zeliha Tra?; Co?kun Arslan; Ay?e Menti? Ta?
Full Text Available This study aims to determine changes in the self-esteem levels of female college students in relation to their swimming skills. The results of the study were obtained from of 141 female college students enrolled at the University of Kebangsaan Malaysia. Breaststroke was used in order to evaluate their swimming skills, whereas the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES questionnaire was used to evaluate their self-esteem levels for experimental and control groups. The analysis and observations confirmed the correlation between the level of self-esteem experienced in the water and swimming skills. The results showed that learning how to swim increases the self-esteem among female college students. We suggest that taking up this activity might have benefits for students with low levels of self-esteem.
Tajul Arifin Muhamad
Full Text Available O artigo propõe a padronização da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg (1956/1989 para adolescentes residentes de um bairro urbano do Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo, através do estudo de adaptação transcultural (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998. A amostra foi composta por 266 adolescentes escolares das 7ª/8ª séries do Ensino Fundamental e 1º/2º anos do Ensino Médio da rede pública e particular do referido município. As seguintes equivalências foram avaliadas: conceitual e de itens, semântica (significado referencial e geral, de mensuração (confiabilidade teste-reteste, consistência interna, análise fatorial e validade de construto, operacional e funcional. Foram encontrados bons resultados para equivalência semântica, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0.68, Kappa predominantemente moderado e regular, e a análise fatorial proposta é de duas estruturas fatoriais (baixa e alta auto-estima. Na validade de construto, a escala correlacionou-se significativa e positivamente com apoio social, e inversamente com vitimização de violência psicológica, violência ocorrida entre pais e entre os irmãos. Os resultados indicam a aplicabilidade da escala na população de referência, sugerindo a necessidade do desenvolvimento de outros trabalhos em amostras distintas.The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998 of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo. The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning, measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem. Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.
Joviana Q. Avanci
The current study used a survey model to analyze 306 university students to investigate relationship between life satisfaction, self-esteem and conflict communication. Data were collected from the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and Conflict Communication Scale. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were…
Arslan, Coskun; Hamarta, Erdal; Uslu, Mustafa
... feel good about that! By focusing on the good things you do and all your great qualities, you learn to love and accept yourself — the main ingredients for strong self-esteem! Even if you've got room for improvement (and who doesn't?), knowing what you're good at and that you're valuable and special ...
In this century, the concept of the self-esteem of subordinated groups was transformed from its original orientation toward coping strategies to inferiorization; to a psychological construct of the personalities of subordinated people; and to a rejection of any view which could move into the perspective of blaming the victim. (BW)
Adam, Barry D.
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a causal model of the sense of having psychological comfortable space that is call 'ibasho' in Japanese and self-esteem in people with mental disorders who had difficulty in social activities. The subjects were 248 schizophrenia patients who were living in the community and receiving day care treatment. Data were collected from December 2007 to April 2009 using the Scale for the Sense of ibasho for persons with mentally ill (SSI) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and analyzed for cross-validation of construct validity by conducting covariance structure analysis. A relationship between the sense of having comfortable space and self-esteem was investigated. Multiple indicator models of the sense of having psychological comfortable space and self-esteem were evaluated using structural equation modeling. Furthermore, the SSI scores were compared between the high- and low-self-esteem groups. The path coefficient from the sense of having comfortable space to self-esteem was significant (0.80). High-self-esteem group scored significantly higher in the SSI subscales, 'the sense of recognizing my true self' and 'the sense of recognizing deep person-to-person relationships' than the low-self-esteem group. It was suggested that in order to help people with mental disorders improve self-esteem, it might be useful to support them in a way they can enhance the sense of having comfortable space. PMID:21372487
Kunikata, Hiroko; Shiraishi, Yuko; Nakajima, Kazuo; Tanioka, Tetsuya; Tomotake, Masahito
Full Text Available This study had been done to comprehend inner voice phenomena in psychopathology, especially suicide ideation in normal people. Using quantitative method, inner voice and self-esteem instruments have been developed and given to 196 students Faculty of Psychology Universitas Indonesia. The results showed that there is significant correlation between inner voice and self esteem and no sex differences in inner voice and self esteem between participants. In general, subjects inner voice state is in underestimate self-esteem, despite most of the subjects have high self-esteem.
This study examined both the mediation effects of loneliness and self-esteem for the relationship between social support and life satisfaction. Three hundred and eighty nine Chinese college students, ranging in age from 17 to 25 (M = 20.39), completed the emotional and social loneliness scale, the self-esteem scale, the satisfaction with life…
Kong, Feng; You, Xuqun
Full Text Available The aim of this research was to validate two aspects of fragile high self-esteem: a combination of contingent and high (explicit self-esteem and a combination of high explicit and low implicit self-esteem (i.e. incongruent high self-esteem, as well as to examine the relationship between these aspects of fragile self-esteem and narcissism. No convergence was found between contingent high and incongruent high self-esteem. The result was consistent regardless of the technique of measurement of implicit self-esteem. There was a limited evidence that individuals with narcissistic personality characteristics were characterized by high self-esteem contingent upon competences, but not by a combination of high explicit and low implicit self-esteem, as an aspect of fragile self-esteem. Also, individuals with low selfesteem more contingent upon competences showed higher levels of narcissistic characteristics than those who were not contingent in this domain. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br.179034: From encouraging initiative, cooperation and creativity in education to new roles and identities in society i br. 47008: Improving he quality and accessibility of education in modernization processes in Serbia
The purpose of this study was to determine epistemological beliefs and self-esteem physical education teacher candidate, and also to examine effect of epistemological beliefs on self-esteem. A total of 344 respondents (149 (%43.3) females and 195 (%56.7) males) participated to the study. Self-Esteem Scale and Epistemological Beliefs Scale were used to determine physical education candidate’ self-esteem and epistemological beliefs levels, respectively. Descriptive statistics, independent sam...
O?zs?eker, Murat; Meliha Canpolat, A.; Yildiz, Lale
This study surveyed the connection of empathy and self-esteem with active sporting. The subjects were 1,381 members of Finnish baseball teams between the ages of 8 to 16. The instruments used in testing the subjects were: (1) the modified Mehrabian & Epstein Empathy test (1972); (2) the Battle Self-Esteem Scale, Form B (1981); (3) the Coopersmith…
Full Text Available Kajian ini bertujuan mengenalpasti hubungan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem. Kajian ini juga dijalankan untuk mengenalpasti perbezaan antara faktor demografi terpilih iaitu jantina, umur dan pangkat dengan self-esteem, mengenalpasti hubungan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan terhadap self-esteem. Soalselidik diedarkan kepada 219 anggota tentera di Markas 3 Briged Kem Penrissen Kuching, Sarawak.. Ujian–t tidak bersandar dan ujian ANOVA sehala digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis berkaitan perbezaan antara faktor demografi dengan self-esteem. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan antara umur dengan self-esteem dan pangkat dengan self-esteem. Hanya faktor demografi jantina yang tidak menunjukkan perbezaan yang signifikan dengan selfesteem. Pengkaji mendapati hubungan yang wujud antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem adalah tidak linear, maka Pekali Spearman Rho telah digunakan untuk menguji hubungan di antara kedua-dua pembolehubah tersebut. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem. Pekali Pearson Product-Moment pula digunakan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan dengan self-esteem. Hasil dari penganalisisan mendapati bahawa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan dengan self-esteem.
Suriyani Binti Yahya
There is evidence that neuroticism and self-esteem, two commonly used personality constructs, are associated with depressive illness. Previous studies on this issue have produced mixed results. Some studies found that neuroticism was a stronger predictor of risk for major depression than was self-esteem. The aim of the current report is to analyze the relationship between neuroticism, self-esteem, and depressive disorders in representative community sample. Data from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) were reanalyzed. The diagnostic data were coded using the criteria of DSM-III-R based on a modified version of the Diagnostic Interview. Self-esteem was assessed by an empirically abbreviated form of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Neuroticism was measured using the 10-item scale from the Transparent Bipolar Inventory (TBI). Logistic regression analysis and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis were used to determine the associations between neuroticism, self-esteem, sociodemographic variables, and past-year depression disorders. Neuroticism and self-esteem were strongly associated with past-year depression disorders. Significant interactions between the two personality constructs and sociodemographic variables were observed. The results suggest that neuroticism and self-esteem should be evaluated simultaneously when analyzing depression disorders. The assessment of both personality constructs may contribute to further understanding of personality-depression correlation. Such knowledge might prove valuable in designing early interventions and treatment. PMID:12764703
Schmitz, Norbert; Kugler, Joachim; Rollnik, Jens
Full Text Available The study aims to examine the relationship between self-esteem and perceived social support among the Malaysian adolescents. Gender differences of perceived social support and self-esteem among the respondents were also investigated. To achieve the objectives of the study, a survey was conducted with a relatively large (n=460 random samples of adolescents, aged 16-20, drawn from schools, colleges and universities in Malaysia. The Self-esteem Rating Scale (SERS and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS were used in the study. The results indicated that there were no gender differences in perceived social support and self-esteem among adolescents. However, a positive correlation was found between perceived social support and self-esteem. The study also found peer support was the highest form of perceived social support.
Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to evaluate vocational self esteem levels of the coaches of individual sports or team sports. We tried to investigate whether there was a significant difference between vocational self esteem levels and such variables as age, gender, employment status, professional-working-time, educational status and sport type.“Vocational Self Esteem Scale” developed by Ar?cak (1999 and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher were used in order to determine the vocational self esteem of the coaches. The population of the research was consisted of coaches employed at Province Directorates of Youth and Sports (from 81 cities across Turkey. The sample of the research was made up by a total of 360 coaches (73 female coaches and 287 male coaches out of 31 different sport types who were working actively in 38 city centers and were selected with random sampling method.It was found out that the difference was between the coaches aged 26-30 and those aged 31-35 and vocational self esteem levels of the coaches aged 31-35 was significantly higher. Also, there was a statistically significant difference between the coaches aged 26-30 and those aged 36-40 and vocational self esteem levels of the coaches aged 36-40 was significantly higher compared to those aged 26-30.To sum up, Turkish coaches had moderate vocational self perception. However, we thought that it would be inappropriate to make any generalizations in light of the results of the present research, which was conducted with the Turkish coaches for the first time.
Full Text Available This research was conducted with the purpose to examine the relationship among self-esteem, collective self-esteem and depression. Anotherobjective was to study the contribution of self-esteem and collective self-esteem in predicting depression. Beck Depression Inventory (1996,Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory (1985 and Collective Self-Esteem Inventory by Luhtanen and Crocker (1992 were used to measuredepression, self-esteem and collective self-esteem respectively. Study was carried out on 200 subjects in the age range of 17-23 years,selected from Agra city. The results of the research showed that there was significant positive relationship between self-esteem and collectiveself-esteem (p < .01, significant negative relationship between self-esteem and depression (p < .01. It was also found that collective self-esteemwas a significant predictor of depression. This research implies that an optimum level of self-esteem and high collective self-esteem not onlyprevents depression but also enhances the positive aspects of personality.
Full Text Available Background: Self – esteem is an important factor for helping persons deal with life stressors. It is an important determinant of psychological well-being that is particularly problematic during an adolescent life stage. Low self-esteem might contribute to depression through both interpersonal and intrapersonal pathways. Many theories of depression postulate that low self esteem is a defining feature of depression. Aims: Self-esteem in adolescents has been associated with a number of risk and protective factors in previous studies. This study examined the relationship between low self esteem and depression among adolescents. Methods: This study used a case control (retrospective design. Samples of 1120 adolescents, aged 14-17 years were selected for the study. Screening was done by using MINI-KID and the level of depression was assessed by using Beck depression inventory. Self esteem was measured by Rosenberg self esteem scale. Odds Ratio and Multivariate logistic regression were used to examine the relation between self-esteem and socio-demographic variables. Results: The odds ratio analysis revealed that adolescents who had low self esteem found to have 3.7 times (95% CI=1.9-6.9 and p- value 0.001 more risk of developing depression than the adolescents who had high self esteem. Conclusions: The findings implied that low self-esteem is a risk factor for depression among adolescents. Adolescents with low self esteem have to be identified earlier and prompt interventions will prevent future psychiatric illnesses. As an intervention towards the educational component pamphlet was distributed to the adolescents, parents and teachers. A concept programme called “Self Esteem Education & Development – SEED” programme, is planned for, from High school level.
Jayanthi P, Rajamanickam Rajkumar
We provide the first high-temporal resolution account of the self-esteem implicit association test (IAT; Greenwald & Farnham, 2000) to highlight important similarities and differences between the cognitive processes corresponding to implicit valenced self-processing in high vs. low self-esteem individuals. We divided individuals into high and low self-esteem groups based on the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and administered the self-esteem IAT while recording electroencephalographic data. We show that the P2 captured group (high vs. low self-esteem) differences, the N250 and the late parietal positivity (LPP) captured differences corresponding to category pairing (self/positive vs. self/negative pairing), and the N1, P2, and P300-400 components captured interactions between self-esteem groups and whether the self was paired with positive or negative categories in the IAT. Overall, both high and low self-esteem groups were sensitive to the distinction between positive and negative information in relation to the self (me/negative generally displayed larger event-related potential amplitudes than me/positive), but for high self-esteem individuals, this difference was generally larger, earlier, and most pronounced over left-hemisphere electrodes. These electrophysiological differences may reflect differences in attentional resources devoted to teasing apart these two oppositely valenced associations. High self-esteem individuals appear to devote more automatic (early) attentional resources to strengthen the distinction between positively or negatively valenced information in relation to the self. PMID:25265067
Grundy, John G; Benarroch, Miriam F F; Lebarr, A Nicole; Shedden, Judith M
This paper deals with the relationship between some elements of self-concept (general self-esteem and locus of control) and going in for sport in adolescence. The relationship between going in for sport and variables of self-concept (general self-esteem and external locus of control) was investigated in a sample of 300 adolescent boys and girls (150 sportsmen and 150 non-sportsmen). Modification of the Rosenberg’s General self-esteem scale and Bezinovi?-Sav?i?’s Scale of externality we...
Gaši?-Paviši? Slobodanka; Joksimovi? Snežana; Janjetovi? Dragan
Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. ...
Hosogi, Mizuho; Okada, Ayumi; Yamanaka, Eriko; Ootyou, Keiko; Tsukamoto, Chiaki; Morishima, Tsuneo
Self-esteem is a simplistic term for varied and complex mental states pertaining to how one views oneself. It takes but little research in the voluminous literature to see the vagueness and inconsistencies in its various definitions. Even more problematic is the uncertainty concerning its foundational components. The importance of having a solid definition and specific ideas about the foundational components of self-esteem is that both pave the way to recognizing its causes; to predicting effects from those causes; and to organizing the trouble-shooting process for locating those philosophical flaws or psychological scars which lead to low self-esteem. The purpose of this paper is to offer a common ground for thinking about self-esteem at its most basic level. In order to distinguish the "basic level" from the rest of the components of self-esteem, let us liken it to a skyscraper building. Here, the focus is on the building's "underground foundation" and the base upon which that foundation rests. The base is a definition that allows for the assessment of the foundation. The underground foundation itself consists of the mental building blocks called self-meaning, self-identity, self-image, and self-concepts. To help illustrate their interactions, a few of the "masks" and "faces" of self-esteem will be mentioned. What is not being addressed is the "above ground structure"--those theories and manifestations dealt with by most mental health specialists. PMID:12793795
Bailey, Joseph A
This research demonstrates the relationship between the brand engagement, depending on the structure of values and level of self-esteem in adolescents. The research methods was used: Rosenberg´s Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 1992, 1994, 1999), Brand engagement (Sprott, Czellar, Spangenberg, 2009). The final outcomes showed differences, as well as a certain correlation between the values, which are attributed to adolescents, and engagement attri...
Blandína Šramová; Milan Džupina; Olga Jurášková
Full Text Available The current research examines gender differences in the self esteem and happiness of university students. A sample of 120 students (60 males and 60 females was drawn from the various departments of university of Sargodha within the age range of 18-26 years. Convenience sampling technique was used. ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1985 and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2001 were individually administered to the participants. The results suggested that the male students reported significantly higher level of self esteem as compared to the female university students (t = 3.78, df = 117, ***p .05. Furthermore, significant positive relationship was found between happiness and self esteem of students (r = .22*. These findings have implications for helping teachers and parents.
Full Text Available Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore, we aimed to investigate self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients with atopic dermatitis and 33 healthy controls were included in the study. The Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale and the Children’s Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI were used for determining self-esteem and quality of life. The Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD Index was used to assess the severity of atopic dermatitis. Results: It was found that patient group had lower self-esteem than healthy controls according to the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale. A statistically significant difference was observed in happiness/satisfaction and anxiety subscale scores between the patients and healthy controls while there was no significant difference between the other sub-scale scores. Mean value of dermatological quality of life in patients with atopic dermatitis was significantly lower than in healthy controls. A moderate negative correlation was found between self-esteem and CDLQI scores among adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Discussion: This study results have shown that self-esteem and dermatological quality of life were adversely affected in adolescents with atopic dermatitis irrespective of gender. These patients should be examined psychiatrically besides dermatological examination and treatment. We suggest that improvement will be observed in self-esteem and quality of life of adolescents with atopic dermatitis by providing the necessary psychosocial support.
Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. While family system theory is typically used in trying counseling and therapy, much can be learned from examining it by studying the relationship between deaf children and their mothers. Family systems theory has been used in trying to understand problems of communication between children and their families (Widerman, 1995. In general, attention with some significant findings has been focused on environmental factors such as parenting, communication at home, and type of schooling as potential contributors to self-esteem (Crocker, 2008. However, the role of other variables such as family’s attitude has not been systematically explored. This implies that the picture is far from complete. It is also not clear what kind of factors effect on deaf children’s self-esteem. Henceforth, the findings of this study may be helpful in the development of curriculum goals for increasing self-esteem in deaf children. Counselors and social workers can do much to promote positive family relationships as well as acceptance of disabilities in deaf children. The sample consisted of 200 deaf children (100 boys and 100 girls and 200 normal-hearing mothers. The study was conducted at deaf high schools in Iran. Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale, Parental Attitudes towards Deafness and interviews Scale were used. The results showed that a relationship existed between mothers’ attitude and deaf children’s self-esteem. Additionally, according to the Pearson correlation test, there is a relationship between the mothers’ attitudes and self-esteem in deaf children. Children whose mothers ably communicated had higher self-esteem scores than their counterparts whose mothers could not ably communicate. The findings of this study may be helpful in the development of curriculum goals for increase of self-esteem in deaf children. Counselors can do much to promote positive family relationships as well as acceptance of disabilities in deaf children. Also, these findings may expand our understanding of the characteristics of deaf children’s self-esteem and their families’ attitudes. In terms of practical value, it is hoped that these findings provide information that may help determine efficacy of self-esteem, for deaf children and their families.
Effat Hamed Sardar
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a difference among prospective teachers in terms of humor styles, problem solving skills and self- esteem in regard to gender variable and whether there is a relation among humor styles, problem solving and self- esteem. The data of the study have been gathered through Humor Styles Scale, Problem Solving Inventory, Self- Esteem Scale and Personal Information Form. The sample of the study is composed of randomly selected 442 prospective teachers (251 female, 191 male studying at various departments of Education Faculty of Selcuk University. Statistical analysis of the data has been carried out by independent t test and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. It is observed that there is not a significant difference between the average scores of affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor styles, when the humor styles of prospective teachers are analysed in regard to gender. However it is observed that the difference between the average scores of aggressive humor and self-defeating humor is significant. Moreover, a significant and positive relation has been observed between self- esteem and affiliative and self-enhancing humor and a significant and negative relation has been observed between self- esteem and aggressive and self-defeating humor. Through an increase of positive problem solving approach, self- esteem, affiliative and self-enhancing humor are also increasing and aggressive and self-defeating humor are decreasing.
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine relationship between submissive acts and self esteem among nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive research has been performed with 322 nursing students in Akdeniz University, between February 2007-March 2007. Research data has derived by the questionnaire from that composed of two-parts. In the first part The Submissive Act Scale (SAS and in the second part The Coopersmith Esteem Inventory (CSEI has been used. The data analyzed by spearman?s correlation analysis. RESULTS: According to collected data; the students, who has participated to research 34.88 +-8.7 SAS average and 74.78 +/- 16.2 CSEI average has been established. 47 % of the students have SAS points more than average and 65 % of the students have high self esteem level is confirmed. As a result correlation analysis, significant relationship has determined between submissive acts and self esteem (r=- 0.42, p<0.01. According to the findings; submissive acts were negatively correlated with self esteem. CONCLUSION: Communications and interpersonal relationships are very important for nursing. Nurses play a vital communication role in the healthcare system. Assertiveness and self esteem is necessary for effective nurse communication. Because of the process of becoming a nurse is started at nursing school, nursing education should be more promote to self esteem and decreased to submissive behaviours through educational methods. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(1.000: 53-58
Ilkay Arslan Ozkan
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine relationship between submissive acts and self esteem among nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive research has been performed with 322 nursing students in Akdeniz University, between February 2007-March 2007. Research data has derived by the questionnaire from that composed of two-parts. In the first part The Submissive Act Scale (SAS and in the second part The Coopersmith Esteem Inventory (CSEI has been used. The data analyzed by spearman?s correlation analysis. RESULTS: According to collected data; the students, who has participated to research 34.88 +-8.7 SAS average and 74.78 +/- 16.2 CSEI average has been established. 47 % of the students have SAS points more than average and 65 % of the students have high self esteem level is confirmed. As a result correlation analysis, significant relationship has determined between submissive acts and self esteem (r=- 0.42, p<0.01. According to the findings; submissive acts were negatively correlated with self esteem. CONCLUSION: Communications and interpersonal relationships are very important for nursing. Nurses play a vital communication role in the healthcare system. Assertiveness and self esteem is necessary for effective nurse communication. Because of the process of becoming a nurse is started at nursing school, nursing education should be more promote to self esteem and decreased to submissive behaviours through educational methods. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(1: 53-58
Ilkay Arslan Ozkan
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Language Learning Strategies (LLSs and Global Self-esteem (GSE among college-level EFL learners. It was also meant to know which strategies are more frequent among learners. One hundred and twenty seven undergraduate students majoring in English at Lorestan University participated in the study. Two questionnaires, i.e. the Oxford’s (1990 Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, were used for data collection. The data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistics, and correlational analyses were done to determine the relationship between total GSE and total LLSs as well as the six categories of learning strategies, separately. Also, t-tests were conducted to compare self-esteem mean scores of high and low strategy users. Males and females’ LLSs and GSE were then compared using t-test. The findings of the study revealed that LLSs correlate significantly with GSE. Among LLS categories, cognitive strategies and compensation strategies indicated the highest correlation with the learners’ self-esteem. However, affective strategies were the least correlated category with self-esteem. Furthermore, it was indicated that gender is not a determinant factor for being a high or low strategy user, and does not affect self-esteem.
Full Text Available This study examines a mediation model for the relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction for students. Self-esteem and social support were used as mediators. The participants were 131 Romanian undergraduate students. Data were collected by using the Wong Law Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Bootstrap analysis showed that both self-esteem and social support partially mediated the relationship between EI and life satisfaction. Implications for future research and limitations of the present findings are discussed.
Patricia Luciana RUNCAN
Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Self-esteem is an important concept used in psychology to reflect a person's overall appraisal of his or her own value. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between self-esteem and oral hygiene behaviors among student of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study a stratified sampling procedure was used to select 320 students from 7 faculties of IUMS. In the second stage, the subjects were randomly selected from each faculty to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic data and data on oral hygiene behaviors. Self-esteem was assessed by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Mann-Whitney test, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and descriptive statistical methods were used by SPSS software for data analysis.Results: A total of 63.5% of the subjects were female and 36.5% were male. Mean score of self-esteem in the participants was 20.05. Self-esteem score had a significantly positive correlation with economic status (p value < 0.05. The total score of oral hygiene behaviors in female students (20.86 ± 3.58 was significantly higher than that in male students (19.32 ± 4.02 (p value = 0.012. Tooth brushing frequency, use of dental floss, fluoride consumption, dental checkup frequency and also absence of oral malodor and absence of untreated dental caries were significantly associated with higher self-esteem scores (p value < 0.05. Conclusion: Self-esteem as a common psychological factor is correlated with oral hygiene behaviors. Promoting self-esteem could help people improve oral hygiene behaviors. Key words: Self-esteem, Oral hygiene, Predisposing factors
Omid Fakheran Esfahani
When self-esteem is dependent on competence individuals invest a great deal of effort in their accomplishments in order to validate themselves. The aim of the present thesis was to develop a theoretically sound and valid concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, and examine its vulnerable implications and role in burnout. In Study I a concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, termed competence-based self-esteem (CBSE), was developed. C...
This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9%) had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%). Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study. PMID:25351322
Canali, Tiago José; Oliveira, Sylvia Marina Soares de; Reduit, Deivid Montero; Vinholes, Daniele Botelho; Feldens, Viviane Pessi
This paper examines the influence of self-esteem on achievements of students who are gifted, in relation to the theories of Virginia Satir. Self-esteem training with gifted adolescents in Poland is discussed, as are the influences of school and family on self-esteem of youngsters who are gifted. Implications for Eastern Europe are noted. (SW)
Depression, hopelessness, and low self-esteem are implicated as vulnerability factors for suicide ideation. The association of self-esteem with suicide ideation after controlling for depressed mood and hopelessness was examined. Adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 338) completed measures of self-esteem, suicide ideation, hopelessness, and…
Bhar, Sunil; Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Marjan; Brown, Gregory; Beck, Aaron T.
Evidence for construct validity of this multi-dimensional concept of self esteem includes the relative congruence of the factor structure with the theoretical construct, the stability of the structure when subjected to a series of empirical tests, increasingly positive self-referent responses with increasing age, willingness to become more…
Norem-Hebeisen, Ardyth A.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a relationship between self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism, and the extent to which the variables of self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism contribute to the prediction of subjective well-being. The study was carried out with 318 final year (fourth grade university students. Subjective Well-Being Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rotter Internal External Locus of Control Scale and Multi-Dimensional Perfectionism Scale were used in the study. Correlation Coefficient of Pearson Moments and Gradual Regression Analysis were used in the analysis of the data. As a consequence, it was determined that there is a positive relationship between subjective well-being and self-esteem, and a negative relationship between subjective well-being and locus of control and multi-dimensional perfectionism. Also, it was observed that the variables of self-esteem, locus of control and multidimensional perfectionism significatly predict subjective well-being.
Context: Work benefits mental health in innumerable ways. Vocational rehabilitation can enhance self-esteem. Medication adherence can improve work performance and thereby the individuals’ self-esteem. Aim: To test the hypothesis that there would be a significant correlation between medication adherence, work performance and self-esteem. Setting and Design: A quantitative, descriptive correlational research design was adopted to invite patients attending psychiatric rehabilitation services to participate in the research. Material and Methods: Data was collected from a convenience sample of 60 subjects using the ‘Medication Adherence Rating scale’, ‘Griffiths work behaviour scale’ and the ‘Rosenberg's Self-esteem scale’. Statistical analysis used: Analysis was done using spss18 with descriptive statistics, Pearsons correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: There were 36 males and 24 females who participated in this study. The subjects had good mean medication adherence of 8.4 ± 1.5 with median of 9.00, high mean self-esteem of 17.65 ± 2.97 with median of 18.0 and good mean work performance of 88.62 ± 22.56 with median of 93.0. Although weak and not significant, there was a positive correlation (r = 0.22, P = 0.103) between medication adherence and work performance; positive correlation between (r = 0.25, P = 0.067) medication adherence and self–esteem; positive correlation between (r = 0.136, P = 0.299) work performance and self-esteem. Multiple regression analysis showed no significant predictors for medication adherence, work performance and self-esteem among patients with psychiatric illness. Conclusions: Medication monitoring and strengthening of work habit can improve self-esteem thereby, strengthening hope of recovery from illness. PMID:25336771
Gandhi, Sailaxmi; Pavalur, Rajitha; Thanapal, Sivakumar; Parathasarathy, Nirmala B.; Desai, Geetha; Bhola, Poornima; Philip, Mariamma; Chaturvedi, Santosh K.
The aim of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect role of self esteem and procrastination in the relation between fear of failure and self worth. The participants were 279 students who study different major fields at the Faculty of Education in Pamukkale University. Age range varied from 19 to 34. In this study, Tuckman Procrastination Inventory, Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, Activate and Success Based Self Worth Scale, Concern over Mistakes Scale and Personal Information S...
Murat Balk?s; Erdinç Duru
Full Text Available In this study the relationship of parental self-esteem, parental rearing and adolescent adult attachment was investigated. A total 448 senior high school students completed EMBU?Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran, or ?Own memories of parental rearing?, Perris et al., 1980, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR; Brennan, Clark, &Shaver, 1998, and their parents completed The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES; Rosenberg, 1965. The results suggested that parental global self-esteem has no effect on the adolescent attachment to parents. Parental positive rearing behaviors have been significantly associated with avoidance to parents. Furthermore, the negative rearing behaviors, such as paternal denying and rejecting, maternal punitiveness, maternal overinvolved and overprotective behavior, can predict the adolescent avoidance and anxiety to parents.
Full Text Available Mitsuo Nakamura,1 Tomomi Hayakawa,2 Aiko Okamura,3 Mutsumi Kohigashi,4 Kenji Fukui,1 Jin Narumoto1 1Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan; 2Gojouyama Hospital, Nara, Japan; 3Yashio Hospital, Saitama, Japan; 4Department of Psychiatry, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, Kyoto, Japan Background: If delusions serve as a defense mechanism in schizophrenia patients with paranoia, then they should show normal or high explicit self-esteem and low implicit self-esteem. However, the results of previous studies are inconsistent. One possible explanation for this inconsistency is that there are two types of paranoia, “bad me” (self-blaming paranoia and “poor me” (non-self-blaming paranoia. We thus examined implicit and explicit self-esteem and self-blaming tendency in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. We hypothesized that patients with paranoia would show lower implicit self-esteem and only those with non-self-blaming paranoia would experience a discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem. Methods: Participants consisted of patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder recruited from a day hospital (N=71. Participants were assessed for psychotic symptoms, using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS, and self-blaming tendency, using the brief COPE. We also assessed explicit self-esteem, using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, implicit self-esteem, using Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT, and discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem. Results: Contrary to our hypothesis, implicit self-esteem in paranoia and nonparanoia showed no statistical difference. As expected, only patients with non-self-blaming paranoia experienced a discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem; other groups showed no such discrepancy. Conclusion: These results suggest that persecutory delusion plays a defensive role in non-self-blaming paranoia. Keyword: coping style, poor me paranoia, remitted paranoid delusion, external attribution
The available evidence from numerous studies in psychology suggests that overconfidence is a much more important phenomenon in North America than in Japan. Relatedly, North Americans appear to view high self-esteem much more positively than Japanese. The pattern is reversed when it comes to shame, a social emotion which appears to play a much more important role among Japanese than North Americans. We develop an economic model that endogenizes these observed differences, and...
Dessi, Roberta; Zhao, Xiaojian
Full Text Available This research demonstrates the relationship between the brand engagement, depending on the structure of values and level of self-esteem in adolescents. The research methods was used: Rosenberg´s Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965, Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 1992, 1994, 1999, Brand engagement (Sprott, Czellar, Spangenberg, 2009. The final outcomes showed differences, as well as a certain correlation between the values, which are attributed to adolescents, and engagement attributed to brand. Cultural values are identified as influential factors for the brand engagement perception of the importance of adolescents depending on their level of self-esteem. Research shows the importance of recognition of the values for understanding and foresight of relations between values and attitudes towards brands, which reflect both their behavior and their social experience. The result provides recommendations for marketing communication to easier identification of compatible and antagonistic values, which adolescents associate with a brand.
This study attempted to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, self esteem and academic achievement among lower secondary school students. Cross sectional study was conducted among 274 respondents aged 13 to 15 years old. A questionnaire comprising sociodemographic items, Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ), Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and exam result were taken. Significant relationship were found between low fat eating behavior with academic achievement with (p = 0...
Khairil Anuar Md Isa; Kartini Ilias; Nazirah Zuman; Ajau Danis
The aim of this study was to determine relation between test anxiety, self-esteem and success of instrument training courses for candidates of music teacher. This study was performed with grade three and four students (n=66) attending Music Teaching Department, Ataturk Faculty of Education, Marmara University. Data of the study was collected using Test Anxiety Inventory, Rosenberg Self –Esteem Scale, Personal Information Form and grades obtained by students in examinations of instrument tra...
Pi?ji? Ku?c?u?k, Duygu
Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the ego-state of obese people in terms of transactional analysis and to determine the relationship between coping with overweight strategies, Ego-structure, global self-esteem, and body self-esteem levels. Methods: One-hundred-seventy-one overweight and obese adult females were examined by a general practitioner and a specialist in obesity management. The ego-state, global self-esteem, and body self-esteem were assessed using the Ego State Questionnaire (ESQ, the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, and the Body-Esteem Scale, respectively. Results: Participants were divided into three subgroups: A – no attempts at weight loss currently (35.1%, B – self-attempted weight loss (33.9%, C – professional obesity treatment (31.0%. Age, education level, professional status, marital status, and number of children,along with the onset of being overweight/obese were similar in all subgroups. Subgroups B and C statistically and significantly made frequent attempts at weight loss (p<0.001 and experienced yo-yo effect (p<0.001 more than subgroup A. Effective weight loss attempts were observed significantly more often in subgroups C (p<0.001. Only mean lies scale results were significantly higher in subgroups A and C compared to B (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively. While self-esteem, sexual attractiveness, weight concern, physical condition and ego-states were similar in all study subgroups. Conclusions: Structure of the Ego-states, self-esteem and body-esteem did not influence the strategies of coping with overweight. Self-esteem is related to spontaneous Ego-child and Ego-adult levels, while the sense of sexual attractiveness is affected only by Ego-spontaneous child.
This study investigated the relationship among loneliness, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and Internet addiction. Participants were 384 university students (114 males, 270 females) from 18 to 24 years old from the faculty of education in Turkey. The Internet Addiction, UCLA Loneliness, Self-esteem, and Life Satisfaction scales were distributed to about 1000 university students, and 38.4% completed the survey (see Appendix A and B). It was found that loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction explained 38% of the total variance in Internet addiction. Loneliness was the most important variable associated with Internet addiction and its subscales. Loneliness and self-esteem together explained time-management problems and interpersonal and health problems while loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction together explained only the interpersonal and health problems subscales. PMID:23577670
Bozoglan, Bahadir; Demirer, Veysel; Sahin, Ismail
Full Text Available Orientation: The effects of challenges (like decreased employment opportunities, increased personal responsibility to keep up with changes, current skill shortages and of retaining talented and skilled staff have led to an emphasis on career meta-competencies to improve employability attributes.
Research purpose: The objectives of the study were to determine the relationship between self-esteem (as the Culture Free Self-Esteem Inventory measures it and employability attributes (as the Employability Attributes Scale measures it; to determine whether people’s biographical details significantly predict their self-esteem and employability attributes; and whether men and women differ significantly in their self-esteem and employability attributes.
Motivation for the study: There seems to be a paucity of studies that investigate how people’s self-esteem relates to their employability attributes in South Africa’s multi-cultural context.
Research design, approach and method: The researcher conducted a quantitative survey on a convenience sample of 304 employed adults enrolled for an honours degree in business management in a higher education institution. She used correlational statistics, multiple regression analyses, categorical regressions and independent t-tests to analyse the data.
Main findings: The researcher found a number of significant relationships between the participants’ self-esteem and employability. The results showed that biographical details significantly predicted participants’ employability attributes.
Practical/managerial implications: Career counsellors and human resource practitioners need to recognise how people’s self-esteem and their biographical details influence their employability attributes.
Contribution/value-add: The findings add to the literature on the skills, abilities and biographical information that influence employability and give valuable information that organisations can use during career development support and career counselling practices in the contemporary world of work.
How to cite this article: Potgieter, I. (2012. The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 10(2, Art. #419, 15 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v10i2.419
This study described the prevalence of psychological distress and examined the moderating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress among Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients. Seven hundred and twenty patients with TB from three cities of Shandong Province in eastern China participated in a cross-sectional survey. Patients were measured with the Kessler 10 (K10), the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and a self-developed perceived discrimination questionnaire. A total of 58.6% of patients with TB scored above 16 on the K10, indicating moderate and serious psychological distress. Chi-square test revealed that female patients reported higher psychological distress than male patients. The structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis among the whole sample indicated that perceived discrimination was significantly related with psychological distress (? = .28, p ? .01). The multiple group analysis of SEM showed that perceived discrimination had a significantly substantial (? = .50, p ? .001), significantly moderate (? = .15, p ? .01), and insignificant effect (? = .05, p ? .05) on psychological distress among low self-esteem, moderate self-esteem, and high self-esteem patients with TB, respectively, which verified the moderating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress. PMID:25243362
Feng, Danjun; Xu, Lingzhong
There is a considerable body of research that has explored the impact of school characteristics on the self-esteem of racial and ethnic minority group children. This work, however, has been mainly conducted among African Americans and has various conceptual and methodological problems. The present large-scale study in 182 classes from 82 schools…
Verkuyten, Maykel; Thijs, Jochem
The self-esteem of 125 diabetic and 82 nondiabetic adolescents was examined with the Piers-Harris scale. Girls who developed diabetes before five years of age had poorer self-concept scores than early onset boys, whereas boys and girls in the later onset or control groups had equivalent scores. This interaction was restricted to Physical…
Ryan, Christopher M.; Morrow, Lisa A.
This research was conducted in order to determine the relationships between levels of indecisiveness and their self-esteem among Turkish university students. The study was designed and implemented in 2006 with 320 voluntary university students of whom 170 were females and 150 males in Giresun, Turkey. The Personal Indecisiveness Scale (PIS;…
Full Text Available The aim of this study firstly, was to determine the validity and the reliability of The Brief Mood Introspection Scale. After this step, whose mood is low and high has been detected, and the sensitivity level of self-esteem, flourishing and emotional approach coping for these participants has been studied via discriminant analysis. In total 316 students who receive education at the Faculty of Education and the Faculty of Science and Literature at Adnan Menderes University in the fall semester of 2012-2013 school year took place in the study, and 172 (54.4% of them were women and 144 (45.6% of them were men. In the study The Brief Mood Introspection Scale, Self-Esteem Scale (Self-Liking/Self- Competence Scale, Flourishing Scale, Emotional Approach Coping Scale, and the personal information form were used for collecting data. According to the result that was obtained by the study in which university students were participant, it was found that The Brief Mood Introspection Scale is a valid and reliable scale in Turkish form. It was found that mood which is positive and tends to provide pleasure is positively associated with self-esteem at the highest level and then it is positively associated with emotional approach coping and flourishing. It was detected that in order to make distinction participants of the study who were on positive and negative mood; self-esteem, flourishing and emotional approach coping have necessary adequateness for discriminant analysis. According to the result of discriminant analysis, it was concluded that the most effective factor for making a distinction between participants who are pleasant for their mood and who are not, is self- esteem; and flourishing and emotional approach coping follow it.
Many people ascribe great value to self-esteem, but how much value? Do people value self-esteem more than other pleasant activities, such as eating sweets and having sex? Two studies of college students (Study 1: N=130; Study 2: N=152) showed that people valued boosts to their self-esteem more than they valued eating a favorite food and engaging in a favorite sexual activity. Study 2 also showed that people valued self-esteem more than they valued drinking alcohol, receiving a paycheck, and s...
Bushman, B. J.; Moeller, S. J.; Crocker, J.
Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude, communication competence, maternal treatment styles and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. Previous studies among deaf children have explored into factors such as types of education, parents’ role, deaf parents’ impact, the severity of deafness, age of onset, deaf child’s communication at home and kinds of hearing aid used (Crocker, 2008. Other variables such as family’s attitude, communication competence, and parental treatment styles have not been systematically explored. It is also not clear which factor affect deaf children’s self-esteem. This survey was conducted at four deaf high schools in Mashhad, Iran. The sample consisted of 200 deaf children (100 boys and 100 girls and 200 hearing mothers. Four inventories were used in the study: (1 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (to measure children’s self-esteem, (2 Parental Attitudes towards Deafness Scale (to measure mother’s attitude, (3 Parental Acceptance, Neglect and Rejection Questionnaire (to measure maternal treatment styles, and (4 Communication Competence Scale (to measure communication competence. The children answered three questionnaires: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Parental Acceptance, Neglect and Rejection Questionnaire and Communication Competence Scale; while the mothers responded to Parental Attitudes towards Deafness Scale and Communication Competence Scale. In addition, the researcher conducted in-depth interviews with four deaf children and their mothers. The results showed relationships between the mothers’ attitude and deaf children self-esteem, communication competence and self-esteem in deaf children, and mothers’ treatment styles and deaf children’s self-esteem. It was found that in both groups (boys and girls, level of self-esteem was higher for deaf children who were from high income family, whose father and mother had higher education. No significant difference was found between genders in deaf children self-esteem. Finally mothers’ attitude, communication competence, and their treatment styles were found to be predictive of self-esteem among deaf children.Understanding the source of deaf children’s self-esteem is important for it is the first step in developing self-esteem in deaf children. Helping professionals such as counselors and teachers should involve family members through counseling and coaching on how to manage their deaf children. The counselors can help hearing parents navigate through their feelings and reactions by acknowledging their feelings of disbelief, grief, guilt, and anger when there is a deaf child in the family.
Effat Hamed Sardar
The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children’s self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children’s self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children’s feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher than metropolitan norms. Rural children display the same decrement in self-ratings of physical appearance as they grow older—girls more so t...
Yang, R. K.; Fetsch, R. J.
Self-reported or explicit self-esteem frequently conflicts with indirectly assessed, implicit self-esteem. The present research investigated whether meditation may reduce such inner conflicts by promoting congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Relative to control conditions, meditation led to greater congruence between explicit self-esteem, assessed via self-report, and implicit self-esteem, indicated by name letter preference (Studies 1 and 2). Low implicit self-esteem was fur...
Koole, Sander L.; Govorun, Olesya; Cheng, Clara Michelle; Gallucci, Marcello
Full Text Available This paper deals with the relationship between some elements of self-concept (general self-esteem and locus of control and going in for sport in adolescence. The relationship between going in for sport and variables of self-concept (general self-esteem and external locus of control was investigated in a sample of 300 adolescent boys and girls (150 sportsmen and 150 non-sportsmen. Modification of the Rosenberg’s General self-esteem scale and Bezinovi?-Sav?i?’s Scale of externality were used to measure variables of self-concept. The significant positive correlation between variables of going in for sport and general selfesteem, as well as negative ones between variables of going in for sport and external locus of control were found in the whole sample of subjects and in the sample of boys, but not of girls. The sex role stereotypes and greater importance that the culture puts on success in sport for boys have contributed to such results. The sex differences in correlations between variables of self-concept and going in for sport suggest that going in for sport influences general self-esteem and locus of control in adolescents through social feedback and social evaluation of sport achievement and physical fitness. .
Full Text Available This study tried to determine the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB and to identify among compulsive buyers a specific relation to money, a different buying style and a lowered level of self-esteem. We included 203 medical students and diagnosed CB with the Mc Elroy criteria and a specific questionnaire. The money attitude was characterized by the Yamauchi and Templer’s scale and self-esteem with the Rosenberg scale. 11% of the medical students presented compulsive buying (CB +. Sex ratio and mean ages were comparable in the CB+ and control groups. CB+ students drank less alcohol and smoked an equivalent number of cigarettes. Compulsive buyers had higher scores of distress (tendency to be hesitant, suspicious and doubtful attitude toward situations involving money and bargain missing (fear of missing a good opportunity to buy an item. They bought more often gifts for themselves, items they use less than expected and choose goods increasing their self-esteem. Their score of self-esteem was not different from the one from controls.
Full Text Available The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of intimate partner on the self esteem of women .Since this was a very sensitive area henceforth the triangulation method was used for in-depth study A purposeful sampling was applied after the screening of the participants with the help of HITS (Kevin The sample included 118 abused women and 98 of them were not abused. The instruments were translated into the native language to commune well with the participants. Both the scales i.e. HITS (Kevin, and Rosenberg self-esteem scales, were translated. The Qualitative Findings suggest that factors like economic dependence, insecurity social pressures, were the general themes concluded from the transcripts for the low self esteem of an abused women .The Quantitative data analysis indicated that the self esteem of the psychologically and physically abused was more shattered then the not abused women the t-test calculated and found to be significant as p <.05 There was one major limitation related to the size and representation from all the provinces to draw a clear view of the situation. This study can help in identifying the vulnerability level of women for future pathology and assist in developing a program for the rehabilitation of the victims by removing the barriers and helping them to cope well.
Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the potential of Reminiscence Cognitive Behavior Therapy (RCBT for improvement of spiritual well-being and self-esteem in patients. Five patients received the therapy over three sessions. The patients received RCBT consisting of reminiscence therapy and cognitive behavior therapy. They completed the FACIT-Sp, Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem scale, numeric rating scales for Suffering (from 0 to 6 and Depression (from 0 to 6. The FACIT-Sp scores increased from 19.2 ± 4.6 to 26 ± 1.6 (Z = –1.8, p = 0.078, n = 5, the Self-Esteem scores significantly increased from 40.0 ± 2.5 to 45.2 ± 2.4 (Z = –2.0, p = 0.042, the Suffering scores decreased from 3.6 ± 2.0 to 2.0 (Z = –1.5, p = 0.13, and the Depression scores decreased from 2.8 ± 2.2 to 1.8 ± 0.8 (Z = –0.9, p = 0.357. These results suggest that RCBT can improve the spiritual well-being and self-esteem of cancer patients.
Investigates the relationship between perceived discrimination and self-esteem of ethnic-minority adolescents in the Netherlands. Explains that the participants perceived the following: (1) a higher level of discrimination directed at their groups; (2) their personal self-esteem as independent of the group; and (3) that group discrimination was…
51 second and third graders participated in a study to determine the extent to which structured group counseling with elementary school students can affect the child's self-esteem. Secondary purposes were to determine the effects on self-esteem of working with significant adults, namely parents and teachers, in the child's life. (Author/JM)
In this article, the story of 11 male psychotherapeutic patients with low self-esteem is told within the context of the research process. The literature suggests that the concept of "self-esteem" has a significant influence on the way an individual experiences his/her world. Therefore, the meaning that the psychotherapeutic patients associated…
van Zyl, Jacob D.; Cronje, Elsje M.; Payze, Catharine
This article will describe a self-esteem cognitive behavioural therapy group run with adults with learning disabilities. The aim is to show how a group of this nature can be organized and run, using theory to inform practice. An introduction to the concept of self esteem will be given and then explored in relation to adults with learning…
Whelan, Anne; Haywood, Pennie; Galloway, Scott
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine epistemological beliefs and self-esteem physical education teacher candidate, and also to examine effect of epistemological beliefs on self-esteem. A total of 344 respondents (149 (%43.3 females and 195 (%56.7 males participated to the study. Self-Esteem Scale and Epistemological Beliefs Scale were used to determine physical education candidate’ self-esteem and epistemological beliefs levels, respectively. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t test, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to analyze data. According to analysis, there was a moderate-level, negative and meaningful difference between self-esteem and epistemological beliefs scale of two subscales (The belief that learning depends on effort and the belief that learning depends on ability. But, there was no relationship between self-esteem and the belief that there is only one right answer subscale. In addition, the belief that learning depends on effort and the belief that learning depends on ability was negative and significant predictor of self esteem.
A well-documented finding in the literature is that members of many East Asian cultures report lower self-esteem and psychological well-being than do members of Western cultures. The authors present the results of four studies that examined cultural differences in reasoning about psychological contradiction and the effects of naive dialecticism on self-evaluations and psychological adjustment. Mainland Chinese and Asian Americans exhibited greater "ambivalence" or evaluative contradiction in their self-attitudes than did Western synthesis-oriented cultures on a traditional self-report measure of self-esteem (Study 1) and in their spontaneous self-descriptions (Study 2). Naive dialecticism, as assessed with the Dialectical Self Scale, mediated the observed cultural differences in self-esteem and well-being (Study 3). In Study 4, the authors primed naive dialecticism and found that increased dialecticism was related to decreased psychological adjustment. Implications for the conceptualization and measurement of self-esteem and psychological well-being across cultures are discussed. PMID:15448306
Spencer-Rodgers, Julie; Peng, Kaiping; Wang, Lei; Hou, Yubo
Full Text Available The study investigated the effects of Mentoring and Assertiveness Training on Adolescents’ self-esteem in Lagos State secondary schools. A total of 96 adolescents (48males and 48 females drawn from three public schools randomly selected from three Education Districts in Lagos State constituted the final sample. The dependent variables for this study were self-worth and gender. Descriptive survey and quasi-experimental design using the pre-test post-test control group design were adopted for the study. Two instruments used to generate data for the study were: Adolescents’ Personal Data Questionnaire (APDQ and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE. Two research questions were raised and two corresponding hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The two hypotheses were tested using the one-way Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA at 0.05 levels of significance. Hypotheses 1 was rejected while hypothesis 2 was accepted. The findings revealed that mentoring and assertiveness training were efficacious in raising adolescents’ self-esteem. The study also found that the significant effect of mentoring and assertiveness training on adolescents’ self-esteem was not due to gender. In the light of these findings, a number of recommendations were made, one of which is that teachers and schools’ management should promote peer-mentoring programme in schools because of the numerous advantages it has over traditional mentoring.
Bola O. Makinde
The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of normative treatment need, perceived social impact of malocclusion and satisfaction with dental appearance on self-perceived treatment need, self-perceived aesthetics, and self-esteem; the influence of self-perceived need and aesthetics on self-esteem; and whether receipt of orthodontic treatment influences self-esteem. A questionnaire was administered to a random sample of 410 students (195 males and 215 females) aged 14-16 years. Self-esteem was measured using the Global Negative Self-Evaluation (GSE) scale. The Aesthetic and Dental Health Components (AC and DHC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) were used to assess orthodontic treatment need. Students' AC scores determined their self-perceived dental aesthetics. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to analyse the association between all variables, and multiple stepwise regression analysis to study the effect of independent variables on self-perceived need for treatment, self-perceived aesthetics, and self-esteem. A correlation existed between the students' and examiner's AC scores (P assessed by the DHC and the AC of the IOTN (r = 0.421 and 0.489, respectively), were dissatisfied with their dental appearance (r = 0.542) and avoided smiling to hide their teeth (r = 0.457). Students who scored high on the GSE scale perceived a need for orthodontic treatment, evaluated their dental aesthetics poorly, perceived an impact of malocclusion on social acceptance, and had a great normative orthodontic treatment need; the correlation, however, was weak with r values ranging from 0.134 to 0.317. Students who had received orthodontic treatment showed greater self-esteem than those who had not, although the correlation was weak. Dissatisfaction with dental appearance had a strong predictive effect on self-esteem. PMID:20403957
Badran, Serene Adnan
Prior studies indicate that trait emotional intelligence (EI) is associated negatively with loneliness. However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship are not clear. This study assessed whether both self-esteem and social support mediated the associations between trait EI and loneliness. 469 Chinese undergraduate participants whose age ranged from 18 to 23 years (208 women) were asked to complete four self-report questionnaires, including the Wong Law Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Analyses indicated that self-esteem and social support fully mediated the associations between trait EI and loneliness. Effect contrasts indicated that the specific indirect effect through social support was significantly greater than that through self-esteem. Moreover, a multiple-group analysis indicated that no path differed significantly by sex. These results suggest that social support is more important than self-esteem in the association between trait EI and loneliness. Furthermore, both sexes appear to share the same mechanism underlying this association. PMID:25074308
Full Text Available The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children’s self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children’s self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children’s feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher than metropolitan norms. Rural children display the same decrement in self-ratings of physical appearance as they grow older—girls more so than boys—as do urban children. Rural and urban boys rate themselves higher in athletic competence than girls. The impact of rural/urban differences on children may be less marked than suspected.
Yang, R. K.
Full Text Available The term ‘self-esteem’refer to overall level of self-evaluation or self-regard. It is an evaluative measure of attitudes toward the self in social, academic, family, and personal areas of experience. Within the self-esteem literature, there has been mixed empirical support for the relationship between self-esteem and performance. In this study, researcher has studied whether the children with learning disabilities (LD differ significantly in their self-esteem from the children without learning disabilities (NC. Data was collected from 6th class 725 children of six schools. Out of these 725 children, 98 LD were identified and classified into three groups on the basis of their intelligence scores. Also, 98 NC were matched with the 98 LD on the basis of intelligence score, gender; class and school. The Self-esteem Inventory (SEI – school form – was administered which consists of fifty-eight items yielding scores on General Self (SEGEN; Social Self-Peers (SESOC; Home-Parents (SEH; School-Academic (SESCH and Total score (SET along with lie score. Though there are no gender differences on self-esteem among children with learning disabilities (LD, findings reveal that LD have lower mean scores on all the dimensions of SEI as compared to the children without learning disabilities (NC. Also, the significant mean differentials between NC and LD on SESOC and SET indicate that the LD has significantly lower social-peer self-esteem and significantly lower overall self-esteem as compared to the NC. These findings stress the need to enhance the self-esteem of these children by making them feel good about themselves.
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the direct and indirect role of self esteem and procrastination in the relation between fear of failure and self worth. The participants were 279 students who study different major fields at the Faculty of Education in Pamukkale University. Age range varied from 19 to 34. In this study, Tuckman Procrastination Inventory, Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, Activate and Success Based Self Worth Scale, Concern over Mistakes Scale and Personal Information Sheet were used to gather data. Results showed that procrastination had partial mediating effect in relation to fear of failure; performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability. In other words, the effect of fear of failure on the performance based self worth and self worth vulnerability was decreased when procrastination was added the equation. The results also showed that self esteem had partial mediating role in relation to fear of failure-procrastination, fear of failure- performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability. In other words, the effect of fear of failure on the procrastination, performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability was reduced, when self esteem was added the equation. Finally, results showed that self esteem had full mediating role in the relation to procrastination; performance based self worth, and self worth vulnerability. Implications of these findings are discussed and suggestions are presented within the context of literature.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between life satisfaction and individualistic sense of coherence (comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness, family sense of coherence, self esteem and to examine which variables (the sense of coherence, family sense of coherence and self esteem the best predictor of life satisfaction. The participants of the study were 250 female (64%, 143 male (36% total 393 university students. The age range was 19.45. To collect data Life Satisfaction Scale, Sense of Coherence, Family Sense of Coherence and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale were used. After collecting data Pearson Momentum Correlation and Stepwise regression statistic analysis were applied. The results indicated that there are significant positive moderate and relatively strong correlations between life satisfaction and individualistic sense of coherence, family sense of coherence and self esteem. The findings of this study supported Antonovsky’s theoretical frame. In addition the stepwise regression analyses indicated that comprehensibility (cognitive dimension dimension of sense coherence was the best predictor of life satisfaction. The other variables were family sense of coherence, self esteem, manageability and meaningfulness respectively. All variables explained 40% of total variance.
A. Rezan ÇEÇEN
Present conceptualizations and measures of self-esteem do not account for linguistic self-esteem, an aspect of the self specifically relevant for bilingual students. This study examines the utility of a newly developed measure of linguistic self-esteem. This novel measure is compared with a commonly used self-esteem measure, two standardized…
Neugebauer, Sabina Rak
Reports on a study that explored the effect of ethnic minority status on global self-esteem. Examined the effects of ethnic and sex differences on global self-esteem and on six specific components of self-esteem among a sample of Dutch and Turkish minority children in the Netherlands. Results showed no overall difference in self-esteem between the…
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the association between explicit self-esteem and relationship outcomes was moderated by implicit self-esteem. This was accomplished by asking 210 undergraduates who were currently involved in romantic relationships to complete measures of their explicit self-esteem, implicit self-esteem, mate retention strategies, and likelihood of future infidelity. Implicit self-esteem was found to moderate the association between high explicit self-esteem and relationship outcomes for male participants such that men with discrepant high self-esteem (i.e., high explicit self-esteem but low implicit self-esteem) reported less use of mate retention strategies and perceived a greater likelihood of future infidelity in their relationships during the next year. These findings provide additional support for the idea that fragile self-esteem may have consequences for the manner in which individuals perceive their relationships. PMID:23057188
Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Fulton, Jessica J; McLemore, Chandler
Two short (16 item) forms of the Helmreich, Stapp, and Ervin (1974) Texas Social Behavior Inventory, a validated, objective measure of self-esteem or social competence are presented. Normative data and other statistics are described for males and females. Correlations between each short form and long (32-item) scale were .97. Factor analysis and part-whole correlations verified the similarity of the two forms. The utility of the scale in research is described.
Helmreich, R.; Stapp, J.
... news feeds delivered directly to your desktop! more... Orthodontics Align Crooked Teeth and Boost Self- esteem Article ... for the patient Reviewed: January 2012 Related Articles: Orthodontics Can Adults Wear Braces? There's More to Dentistry ...
This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sampl...
Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri; Mehrnaz Faghih
Abstract Self-reported or explicit self-esteem frequently conflicts with indirectly assessed, implicit self-esteem. The present research investigated whether meditation may reduce such inner conflicts by promoting congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Relative to control conditions, meditation led to greater congruence between explicit self-esteem, assessed via self-report, and implicit self-esteem, indicated by name letter preference (Studies 1 and 2). Low implicit...
Koole, Sander L.; Govorun, Olesya; Cheng, Clara Michelle; Gallucci, Marcello
Self-identity is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depersonalization disorder (DPD), fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem, free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined implicit self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test, along with measure...
Adolescents are the bright hope of the future and are characterized by many physical, emotional and developmental change especially formation of self-esteem. During this stage, some of adolescents, however, experience anxious feeling, overwhelming sense of fear. Thus Present study was carried out to check the self-esteem and general anxiety in early adolescents. Methodology: It is a cross sectional study, in which one hundred (100) adolescents; out of which fifty were male and...
Raj Kumar; Naresh Kumar,
Full Text Available This study attempted to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, self esteem and academic achievement among lower secondary school students. Cross sectional study was conducted among 274 respondents aged 13 to 15 years old. A questionnaire comprising sociodemographic items, Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ, Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and exam result were taken. Significant relationship were found between low fat eating behavior with academic achievement with (p = 0.008. There was no significant association between meal skipping, emotional, snacking and convenience eating behavior and self esteem toward academic achievement with (p = 0.412 (p = 0.243 (0.05 and (p = 0.812, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that student with low fat eating behavior is less likely to have low academic achievement. In conclusion, further research need to be done in order to explained in detail on these issues.
Khairil Anuar Md. Isa
This descriptive correlational study examined the relationships of sexual sensation seeking, self-esteem, and self-efficacy in condom use, stages of change, and alcohol consumption to HIV risk-taking behaviors among college students. A total of 159 students completed an online survey in 2004. Instruments included the Sexual Sensation Seeking Scale, College Alcohol Problems Scale, Condom Use Scale, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. High sensation seekers had higher self-esteem, more self-efficacy in condom usage, fewer problems associated with alcohol consumption, and belonged to Greek organizations (F [1,158] = 12.54; p Greek organizations had significantly more positive attitudes (X(2)  = 4.55; p sexual partners, and had more HIV risk-taking behaviors than other students. Even though students were reported to be efficacious in condom usage, they used them inconsistently with their sexual partners and were in the earlier stages of change. Interventions are needed in the community to help sexually active individuals take responsibility for their sexual health and to increase the awareness of the need to be tested for HIV. PMID:16979512
Gullette, Donna L; Lyons, Margaret A
Do adopted children show lower self-esteem than nonadopted peers, and do transracial adoptees show lower self-esteem than same-race adoptees? Adopted children are hypothesized to be at risk of low self-esteem. They may suffer from the consequences of neglect, abuse, and malnutrition in institutions before adoption. They have to cope with their…
Juffer, Femmie; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.
Full Text Available Background: Recent research has emphasized the importance of coping. There is virtually nothing known about coping strategies and their relationship with self-esteem, individual and environmental factors among Chinese female nursing students. This study was to identify different coping strategies, the relationship between coping and self-esteem and influencing individual factors among Chinese female students in different years of nursing school. Method: The study used a cross-sectional design. A representative sample composed of 686 female nursing students aged 14 years or older was surveyed in December 2010 using the Simplified Coping Styles Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Personal Data Form for assessment. Results: Nursing students more often used positive rather than negative coping styles (P?0.001. There was significant difference in the positive coping between nursing students in different years of school (P=0.018. The positive coping style was significantly correlated to a higher level of self-esteem, good interpersonal relationships, enough free time for study alone, a sense of self-fulfillment and satisfaction, adaptation to new study methods, close friendships, help-seeking behavior of an individual, and physical health in the past year (P?0.05. The negative coping style was significantly associated with problems in romantic relationship, relationship with parents, worry about examinations and job assignment after graduation, feeling misunderstood, and frequent surfing on the internet (P?0.05. Conclusion: There were different coping strategies and the important relationship between self-esteem, individual and environmental factors and coping strategies among Chinese female nursing students in different years of school. The teaching strategies that promote the self-esteem and pay more attention to students’ individual and environmental factors will be useful for helping nursing students develop effective coping styles.
Full Text Available The main basis for having individual and social prosperity is having a high quality of education. To have a high quality of education, it depends on the work of teacher’s who are in the main part of education system. The people who have duties in an educational organization (teachers are using their knowledge, skills and attitudes and through this they actualize the perposes of the education system. Based on that research, for qualified education, the main fundamental is the relationship between teachers self-esteem and job satisfaction. The method of research is a survey method which includes layerd sampling. The study is supported by the primary schools in Kadiköy in Istanbul. The sample of research is supported by 17 primary schools in Kad?köy which are selected through the layerd sampling method. Research data is collected using a vocational self-esteem scale, job satisfaction scale and teacher’sinterview forms. In order to measure countable data frequency (n and the percentages are used. To measure countable data arithmetic mean (x and standard deviation (ss are used. For independent models, the t-test and Pearson product moment coefficient of correlation are used for the analysis. In the research, when a teacher’s vocational self-esteem increases, there is a decrease in the level of job satisfaction both internally and externally.People and instates, firstly lecturers in the faculty of education, works to increase the level of respect for the teacher’s vacation. The results that are found under that research show that if studies aren’t based on how to increase teachers self –esteem with job satisfaction, negative results will occur. For that reason, under theresponsibility of the Ministry of National Education, studies have to be done to increase teacher’s vocational selfesteem through job satisfaction (payment, security, social rights…
Full Text Available Socially desirable responding (SDR has been widely studied with regards to personality assessment due to fears it may attenuate the predictive validity of decisions made using such assessments (e.g., in personnel selection. A number of scales have been employed to assess individual differences in response distortion. We expand the nomological net for a popular measure of social desirability – the Marlowe-Crowne scale – by correlating individual differences in SDR to measures of over-claiming, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence. Survey results (n = 198 yielded a significant positive correlation between SDR and both self-esteem and emotional intelligence. Over-claiming was found to be negatively related to self-deceptive enhancement, a form of SDR, but not to SDR overall. Regression analyses revealed emotional intelligence explains significant variance in SDR, over and above that which is explained by self-esteem and over-claiming alone (?R2 = .16, p < .01. Implications for personality assessment are discussed.
Title: Preterm Infants and Parents’ self-esteem Background: Little is known about parents to preterm infants and their self-esteem. The care of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is in accordance with the principles of Family Centered Care. Previously, focus has mainly been on the mother-infant-dyad. Current research has shown that involving the father at an early stage improves the psychological dynamic of fatherhood and encourages bonding with the infant. The self-esteem of parents appears to be negatively affected after preterm birth. Objective: To get more knowledge and a deeper understanding of the preterm parents’ experiences of their self-esteem during admission to the NICU and later eight months after discharge. Method and data collection: A qualitative semi-structured interview was conducted in two phases: 1) Three weeks after giving birth to a preterm infant and eight months after discharge. Parents were consecutively enrolled into the study. Results: The preliminary findings were created in a theoretical framework of self-esteem understood in a physiological perspective. The interviews showed that individual, relational and structured aspects influenced the parents’ experiences of their self-esteem after birth of their preterm infant. The fathers described feeling torn between taking care of the mother and the infant admitted to the NICU. The mothers experienced difficulties in remembering what happened the first 24 hours after giving birth. The relational aspects affected the relationship between mothers and fathers, the experiences of the relationship to infant and the parents’ experiences of their own self-esteem. Likewise, the support from nurses and from the parents’ own network positively impacted on the parents’ experiences of their parental self-esteem. The structural aspects referred to how the parents experienced the high-technology environment of the NICU. Besides, the parents described that the infant’s needs, medical status and development impacted on their experiences of how they were valued as parents in the NICU-context. Conclusion: The preliminary findings of this study indicate that the parents’ experiences of their self-esteem in the first 24 hours after the birth of a preterm infant are influenced by division (the fathers) and amnesia (the mothers). Later, when the parents build up their sense of parenthood they become very susceptible to the mutual relationship, the relationship to the infant and closest support network. The barriers restricting the parents’ access and contact to the infant were experienced as frustrating.
Aagaard, Hanne; Madsen, Mette Kold
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between employees’ of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 self-esteem and pertinacity. For this reason, employee’s self-esteem was arranged in two dimensions, which are consistency solidity, emotional inconsistency and pertinacity. The questionnaire is based on Kobasa theory including three sides including commitment, control and defiance. There are two basic and three subsidiary theories. Employee of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 is statistical society of this research, which includes 80 people. Reference to restricted volume of statistical society, total statistical society is concerned as under evaluation society. The tool of data gathering is two questionnaires, which are Aizenc’s self-esteem questionnaire and Kobasa’s pertinacity standard questionnaire, which are delivered for evaluating society after perpetuity and justifiability determination. The descriptive statistical methods are used for collected questionnaires analyze. Thus, the descriptive statistical method was used to summarize, to categorize and to interpret statistical data’s. In addition, statistical tests such as Pearson and Freidman’s coherency R are used to test the hypothesis of research. The results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity and its sides on employees of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10. They present maximum relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity control and minimum relationship between pertinacity commitment dimensions.
Full Text Available This study aims to examine approach -avoidance achievement goals, five-factor personality traits, self-esteem and academic beliefs within a scope of a model. The study used a relational survey model; the sample group consisted of 513 students (189 male and 324 female enrolled in the Faculty of Education at Gazi University. Students in this sample groups had different demographic features and were from different classrooms. Research data were obtained using the “Achievement Goals Scales,” “Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale,” “Five-Factor Personality Scale” and “Academic Self-Efficacy Scale.” Path analysis modeling was used to test the hypothesis models. It was found that students’ approach and avoidance achievement goals are explained by cause-effect relationship with personality traits, self-esteem and self-efficacy belief. In this study, it was found that self-efficacy belief and self-esteem are the most important variables that predict approach achievement goals and avoidance achievement goals, respectively. The research results were compared to and discussed with regard to the relevant literature.
Full Text Available This study is aimed to determine the main effects of CBT group, social support group (DS and control group (KK on the self esteem among breast cancer patients. Rosemberg self esteem scale (RSE was used to measure self-esteem. The treatment group consisted of CBT and DS groups. Each treatment group received 12 counselling sessions within six weeks. Quantitative analysis general linear model (GLM repeated measures was used to identify the groups’ (CBT, DS, and KK main effect, the repeated test RSE scale (pre test, post test 1, post test 2, and post test 3 main effect and the interaction effect (CBT, DS, and KK, and repeated tests RSE scale (pre test, post test 1,post test 2, post test 3. There was no significant difference in the groups (CBT, DS, and KK main effect on the Rosenberg Self Esteem (RSE scores. There was a significant difference (F (3.10 = 66.823,p = 0.0001 (Wilk's Lambda on the repeated test RSE scale (pre test, post test 1, post test 2, and post test 3 main effects on self esteemscore. Overall findings showed an increase in RSE scores between the pre test, post test 1, post test 2 and post test 3.
Namora Lumongga Lubis
The purpose of this study was to explore intra-individual variability of global self-esteem and physical self-worth in adolescents with spina bifida (n = 3). Three adolescents were assessed in their schools by auto-evaluation over a period of 12 weeks (three times a week) with the Physical Self Inventory-6, a six-item questionnaire with a visual analogue scale. Statistical analyses included auto-correlation function (ACF) for studying the time series. Descriptive statistics demonstrated that in all the dimensions of physical self and global self-esteem, participants showed great variability over time. Auto-correlation function indicated 20 non-stationary and unstable time series, and four stationary time series. The non-stationary evolution of physical self, and global self-esteem in the three adolescents with spina bifida studied may explain the absence of consensus in the literature on the level of the self-perception. Future longitudinal research needs to be engaged. PMID:14634367
Minelli, S; Ninot, G; Kozub, F M; De Potter, J-C
Full Text Available AIM: Working younger when they are investigated in terms of family structure, socio-economic condition and work condition, working environment, friend?s relation and for various reasons and in terms of expectations, due to risks they carry, they constituted an important group for preventive mental health studies. This study is conducted to determine working youngsters self esteem, communication skills, coping skills. METHODS: The samples of this descriptive study consist of 79 headworkers and foreman students between the ages of 15?24, in the education year of 2004-2005 in Zonguldak Occupation Education Center. The data was collected by the following means: ?Estimating Communication Skills Scale?, ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale?, ?Coping with Stress Scale?, and ?Personal Information Form?, prepared by the researchers. RESULTS: Average of the age group of the study is between 20.87+2.07 and 70.5?% are male. 81.0? % of the youngsters reported that they work in order to acquire a job. Communication skills mean score was 72.15+12.66, self esteem mean score was 2.33+1.97 in the study group. Scores obtained for subgroups of stress coping scale are as follows self confident 2.22+0.59, self unconfident 1.57+0.59, submissive attitudes 1.27+0.63, optimistic attitudes 2.15+0.58 and seeking of social support 1.81+0.63 were determined. Between age and communication skills: between taking role decision making and self esteem, between taking role unconfident and submissive attitudes in coping stress: between working period and self esteem and between confident attitudes in coping stress: between using money and coping with stress with confident attitudes meaningful relationships were determined (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: According to the conclusion of the study in order to reduce negative effects of the working conditions on the youngsters? development of the basic communication skills and development of the stress coping mechanisms would have positive effect on the youngsters. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(1.000: 17-26
Gulcem Sala Razi
A differentiated model of self-esteem, based on William James's (1890), C. H. Cooley's (1902/1968), and G. H. Mead's (1925/1968) works and developed by Dr. Susan Harter (1983), is presented as a valuable tool for the occupational therapist to use in evaluation and intervention. Competence and social support are considered important components, and discounting is presented as a mechanism for the maintenance or improvement of self-esteem. Social comparison, social desirability, and defensiveness are discussed as important considerations, particularly regarding children with disabilities. PMID:2399927
Self-esteem is the self-evaluation each individual makes from the representations it has of itself and from the representations constructed by the others. The sense of personal worth appears in a process of identity construction. This is associated with the assessment that people make about the social adaptation of the child. The present study concerns the development of self-image and self-esteem of children in school age. The sample consisted of 180 children. The results demonstrated a diff...
Alicia Lamia; Pierre Tap; Florence Sordes-Ader
Heoretical analysis of the concept of self-esteem and meeting of psychosocial needs (self-expression, communication, expression of emotions) of children having speech disorders, as the presupposition of optimal self-esteem has been performed in the research work. It has been identified that self-esteem of children having speech disorders may be inadequate, and art therapy initiating self-expression of these children may help in self-education and increase their self-esteem. The hypothesis has...
The relationship between family and classroom social environment and high school students' self-esteem was studied in 18 tenth-grade classrooms in Hong Kong public schools. As hypothesized, higher self-esteem was associated with students having more positive perceptions of family and classroom. Specific traits of environments producing self-esteem…
Cheung, Ping Chung; Lau, Sing
Examined self-esteem among 648 high school and college students. High masculinity scores and greater activity participation were significantly related to self-esteem for males and females in large and small schools. For males in small schools, athletic participation was significant predictor of self-esteem. For females in small schools,…
Holland, Alyce; Andre, Thomas
Low self-esteem and depression are strongly related, but there is not yet consistent evidence on the nature of the relation. Whereas the vulnerability model states that low self-esteem contributes to depression, the scar model states that depression erodes self-esteem. Furthermore, it is unknown whether the models are specific for depression or…
Sowislo, Julia Friederike; Orth, Ulrich
Studies of self-esteem often fail to distinguish between success-based self-esteem and defensive, fantasy-based self-esteem. This study investigates the extent to which college students seeking vocational counseling over- or under-estimate their measured needs and interests in areas of high, intermediate, and low vocational identity, when measures…
Foreman, Milton E.
Self-esteem has been regarded as one of the most pivotal component in almost every day human daily activities. Trajectory of self esteem development means that on the average, one's self-esteem is relatively high in childhood, then drops during adolescence, later to arise gradually throughout adulthood, and then declines sharply in old age. The…
Badayai, Abdul Rahman bin Ahmad; Ismail, Khaidzir bin Haji
Extending an earlier study that found high self-esteem to modify the impact of otherwise maladaptive perfectionism on depression, the current study used adult attachment theory to explore the link between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression in college students. Results indicated that self-esteem buffered the effects of maladaptive…
Rice, Kenneth G.; Lopez, Frederick G.
This study examined the effect of the active pursuit of ballet as a hobby on personality. The study group consisted of 62 members of the junior ballet of the Finnish National Opera, ranging in age from 9 to 17 with the majority under 14. The dancers were given four self-esteem questionnaires which measured empathy, creativity, and other…
Background: It is estimated that around 50-90% of people with learning disabilities experience difficulties in communicating. Previous research has linked communication difficulties and self-esteem in other populations, yet this relationship has not previously been investigated for people with Down syndrome. Aims: To explore the relationship…
Jackson, Claire; Cavenagh, Penny; Clibbens, John
Problem: Internet addiction has been emerged as a result of excessive internet misuse. In this study, analyzing the effects of depression, loneliness and self-esteem has been aimed in the prediction of the internet addiction levels of secondary education students. Method: The research is conducted according to the cross-sectional model as one of…
Ayas, Tuncay; Horzum, Mehmet Baris
Full Text Available Self-identity is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD and depersonalization disorder (DPD, fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem, free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined implicit self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emotion, behavior, and temperament, in BPD (n=18, DPD (n=18, and healthy control (n=35 participants. DPD participants had significantly higher implicit self-esteem and were more harm avoidant than BPD and control participants, while BPD participants had more ‘frontal’ behaviors and impulsivity and less self-directedness and cooperativeness than DPD and control participants. Thus, while BPD and DPD commonly overlap in terms of dissociative symptoms and emotional irregularities, differences in self-esteem, behavior, and temperament can help identify where they diverge in terms of their cognition, behavior, and ultimately underlying neurobiology.
Facial attractiveness has been associated with many (social) advantages in life, like greater popularity, acceptance, and social competence. Because social evaluations and acceptance are important factors contributing to self-esteem (SE), we hypothesized that high levels of attractiveness would be related to increased levels of SE. To test this…
Mares, Suzanne H. W.; de Leeuw, Rebecca N. H.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.
Self-esteem variability is often associated with poor functioning. However, in disorders with entrenched negative views of self and in a context designed to challenge those views, variable self-esteem might represent a marker of change. We examined self-esteem variability in a sample of 27 patients with Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders who received Cognitive Therapy (CT). A therapy coding system was used to rate patients’ positive and negative views of self expressed ...
Cummings, Jorden A.; Hayes, Adele M.; Cardaciotto, Leeann; Newman, Cory F.
Dual-process models of cognitive vulnerability to depression suggest that some individuals possess discrepant implicit and explicit self-views, such as high explicit and low implicit self-esteem (fragile self-esteem) or low explicit and high implicit self-esteem (damaged self-esteem). This study investigated whether individuals with discrepant self-esteem may employ depressive rumination in an effort to reduce discrepancy-related dissonance, and whether the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and future depressive symptoms varies as a function of rumination tendencies. Hierarchical regressions examined whether self-esteem discrepancy was associated with rumination in an Australian undergraduate sample at Time 1 (N?=?306; Mage ?=?29.9), and whether rumination tendencies moderated the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and depressive symptoms assessed 3 months later (n?=?160). Damaged self-esteem was associated with rumination at Time 1. As hypothesized, rumination moderated the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and depressive symptoms at Time 2, where fragile self-esteem and high rumination tendencies at Time 1 predicted the highest levels of subsequent dysphoria. Results are consistent with dual-process propositions that (a) explicit self-regulation strategies may be triggered when explicit and implicit self-beliefs are incongruent, and (b) rumination may increase the likelihood of depression by expending cognitive resources and/or amplifying negative implicit biases. PMID:25308729
Phillips, Wendy J; Hine, Donald W
A pilot-scale demonstration of surfactant-enhanced aquifer remediation (SEAR) was conducted to recover dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) tetrachloroethene (PCE) from a sandy glacial outwash aquifer underlying a former dry cleaning facility at the Bachman Road site in Oscoda, MI. Part one of this two-part paper describes site characterization efforts and a comprehensive approach to SEAR test design, effectively integrating laboratory and modeling studies. Aquifer coring and drive point sampling suggested the presence of PCE-DNAPL in a zone beneath an occupied building. A narrow PCE plume emanating from the vicinity of this building discharges into Lake Huron. The shallow unconfined aquifer, characterized by relatively homogeneous fine-medium sand deposits, an underlying clay layer, and the absence of significant PCE transformation products, was judged suitable for the demonstration of SEAR. Tween 80 was selected for application based upon its favorable solubilization performance in batch and two-dimensional sand tank treatability studies, biodegradation potential, and regulatory acceptance. Three-dimensional flow and transport models were employed to develop a robust design for surfactant delivery and recovery. Physical and fiscal constraints led to an unusual hydraulic design, in which surfactant was flushed across the regional groundwater gradient, facilitating the delivery of concentrations of Tween 80 exceeding 1% (wt) throughout the treatment zone. The potential influence of small-scale heterogeneity on PCE-DNAPL distribution and SEAR performance was assessed through numerical simulations incorporating geostatistical permeability fields based upon available core data. For the examined conditions simulated PCE recoveries ranged from 94to 99%. The effluent treatment system design consisted of low-profile air strippers coupled with carbon adsorption to trap off-gas PCE and discharge of treated aqueous effluent to a local wastewater treatment plant. The systematic and comprehensive design methodology described herein may serve as a template for application at other DNAPL sites. PMID:15819238
Abriola, Linda M; Drummond, Chad D; Hahn, Ernest J; Hayes, Kim F; Kibbey, Tohren C G; Lemke, Lawrence D; Pennell, Kurt D; Petrovskis, Erik A; Ramsburg, C Andrew; Rathfelder, Klaus M
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the personality traits Negative Affectivity (NA) and self-esteem influenced the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in patients receiving oral rehabilitation. Methods: OHRQoL was measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), NA with a short form of the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), and self-esteem with Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in 66 patients treated with removable dental prosthesis (RDP). The minimally important difference (MID), effect size (ES), and standard error of the measurement (SEM) were used to clinically interpret the patient-reported effect. Results: The OHIP-49 score was significantly higher and exceeded the MID pre- and post-treatment in participants with high EPI-Q and low RSES score compared to participants with low EPI-Q and high RSES score. The improvement in OHIP-49 score was significant and not limited by high EPI-Q and low RSES score. High EPI-Q score was associated high improvement in OHIP-49 score and the ES of the improvement in participants with high EPI-Q was large and exceeded the MID and SEM. Conclusion: Treatment with RDP improves the OHRQoL regardless of level of NA and self-esteem. High NA is associated with a large effect, but both high NA and low self-esteem is associated with poorer OHRQoL both before and after treatment.
Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov
Full Text Available Self-esteem is the self-evaluation each individual makes from the representations it has of itself and from the representations constructed by the others. The sense of personal worth appears in a process of identity construction. This is associated with the assessment that people make about the social adaptation of the child. The present study concerns the development of self-image and self-esteem of children in school age. The sample consisted of 180 children. The results demonstrated a difference in the responses of children in relation to age and gender. The boys were evaluated more positively than girls. There has been the same results in younger children compared to the older ones.
The paper presents a model where the self esteem and the self determination mechanisms are explicitly modelled in order to explain how they affect the intrinsic motivation and its impact on individual choices. The aim is to reconcile different explanations (and consequences) of the motivation crowding theory in a unique theoretical framework where the locus of control is introduced in a one period maximisation problem and the intrinsic motivation is assumed as an exogenous psychological attit...
Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Internet has become more widespread, removed borders, and provided the people all over the world with great opportunities. Notwithstanding this, the consequences especially in social and cultural context must not be neglected. One of the harmful aspects of internet is internet addiction disorder. The present study aimed to survey and analyzes internet addiction relationship with depression, social adjustment, and self esteem.Materials & Methods: Our research method is descriptive-correlational. By random sampling and offline method, we have selected a sample consisting of 120 persons from Dubai coffee net users with different native languages, 74males and 46 females, aged at least 18 years old and proficient in the English language. Research tools were young internet addiction test (IAT with reliability ?=0.88, Beck depression inventory with reliability ?=0.84, Sinha social adjustment with reliability ?=0.92 and Eysenck self esteem inventory with reliability ?= 0.87. The data was analyzed with path analysis method.Results: The results from analysis showed that the data has goodness of fit with the presented model (?2=3.17; df=3; P=0.36; GFI= 0.99; AGFI= 0.96; CFI= 1.00; NFI= 0.97; RMSEA=0.02. Scales means in internet addiction was 47.69±17.75; depression 21.29 ± 11.12; social adjustment 19.75±7.91 and self esteem was 15.16±4.16. Path coefficient showed that depression (?= 0.57; t=7.61, social adjustment (?= -0.55; t=13.1 and self esteem (?= -0.32; t=14.8 have significantly predicted internet addiction Conclusion: Internet is an important means in the today’s world, but we have to be fully aware of its dangers .In order to avoid the risks of internet use, vast national and international culture-building activities should be done. The results of our research proved the above-mentioned hypothesis.(Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2012;19(3:41-48
Contingent self-esteem, or self-worth hinged upon successfully meeting standards or attaining goals, requires continual maintenance and validation. Despite the inherent instability that accompanies contingent self-esteem, relatively little is known about how it relates to markers of mental health. A sample of 371 college students completed measures of self-esteem, contingent self-esteem, suicidal behaviors, and depression. Individuals with fragile low self-esteem, described as highly contingent, reported greater depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior. Among those with secure high self-esteem, or high yet noncontingent, depression and suicide risk were markedly lower. Therapeutically promoting positive but noncontingent self-worth may reduce poor mental health outcomes. PMID:24499415
Lakey, Chad E; Hirsch, Jameson K; Nelson, Lyndsay A; Nsamenang, Sheri A
ABSTRACT As self-esteem is likely to build on favorable social experiences, such as those derived from achievement (i.e., GPA) and social competence, emotional intelligence is likely to be pivotal in fostering social experiences conducive to self-esteem. Accordingly, emotional intelligence is likely to underlie social competence and mediate the contribution of achievement to self-esteem. This uncharted role is the focus of this study, which surveyed 405 undergraduates in Hong Kong, China. Results demonstrated the pivotal role of emotional intelligence. Essentially, emotional intelligence appeared to be a strong determinant of self-esteem and explain away the positive effect of social competence on self-esteem. The results imply the value of raising emotional intelligence in order to consolidate the basis for the young adult's self-esteem. PMID:25495163
Cheung, Chau-Kiu; Cheung, Hoi Yan; Hue, Ming-Tak
Fifty-seven participants from various mental health centers and volunteers responding to an ad in a gay newspaper completed questionnaires designed to assess homophobia and self-esteem. Results indicated a significant relationship between homophobia and self-esteem. Moreover, it was found that gay males with AIDS displayed higher levels of homophobia and lower levels of self-esteem than healthy gay males. Results were interpreted employing attribution theory and self-theory. PMID:8106741
Lima, G; Lo Presto, C T; Sherman, M F; Sobelman, S A
Full Text Available Aim. To compare the self concept of boys with ADHD and health subjects; to determine which symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD or conduct disorder (CD have the greatest impact on self-concept. Method. Polish version of The Harter Self-Esteem Questionnaire (HSEQ was filled by boys with ADHD and control group. In addition, a diagnosis of ODD and CD was made in ADHD group. Results. A significant difference was observed between boys with ADHD and control group on the following scales of HSEQ: Global Self-Esteem Subscale, Social Acceptance Subscale and Scholastic Performance Subscale. No significant influence of the quantity and intensity of ADHD and ODD symptoms on self-esteem was found. A significant correlation was indicated between all scales of HSEQ and quantity and intensity of symptoms of ADHD. Conclusions. Boys with ADHD have lower self-esteem than their healthy peers and their global self-esteem, social acceptance and school skills are most affected. The presence of conduct disorder (CD had the greatest impact on the decrease of self esteem in ADHD group.
Full Text Available The present study aimed at finding the relationship of religious orientation (RO, psychological well-being (PWB, and self-esteem (SE with language achievement (LA among Iranian EFL learners. Furthermore, it investigated the predictability of dependent variable (LA using all independent and predictor variables (RO, PWB, and SE. 126 senior and junior students majoring in English Translation and English Literature at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman participated in the study. To obtain the required data, three questionnaires were utilized: Allport and Ross’s (1967 Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale (IEROS to measure extrinsic and intrinsic religious orientations, Short Measurement of Psychological Well-Being by Clarke, Marshall, Ryff, and Wheaton (2001 to measure psychological well-being, and finally, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale by Rosenberg (1965 to assess self-esteem. Moreover, participants’ GPAs in major courses were used as indicators of their language achievement. For analysis of data, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression analysis were used. The results revealed that there was a significant positive relationship between IRO, PWB, and SE with LA and a significant negative relationship between ERO and LA. Additionally, all the independent variables together could predict LA and accounted for 95 percent of variability of students’ GPA.
Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sample from English Institutes. The sample consisted of 55 students (13 males and 42 females. Pearson Coefficient-Moment Product Correlation was used to determine the relationship between variables. Results of the study revealed that there was a positive relationship between overall self-esteem and reading comprehension, and overall self-esteem and personality type, in general. Likewise, positive relationships between situational and task self-esteem with reading comprehension were shown but there wasn't a significant relationship between global self-esteem and reading comprehension. Also the relationship between personality type and reading comprehension was insignificant.
Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri
This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran`s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. Moreover, the increase of self-concept and self-esteem are related to the decrease of anxiety and a negative significant relation exists between self-concept, self-esteem and depression which will ensue decrease in academic achievement.
Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ejei, Javad; Khodapanahi, Mohammad-Karim; Tarkhorani, Hamid
Full Text Available In this research, the relation between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of high school students, who receive art education and those who do not, has been analysed. In the research, for which screening model was used, 190 females and 124 males 314 students in total, still studying in different class levels in Bolu Atatürk High School and Bolu Fine Arts and Sports High School, were included in the workgroup. As data collection tools, ‘Personal Information Form’ and ‘Problem Solving Inventory’ and ‘Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale’ prepared by the researcher was used. The data obtained from the participants were collected and processed into Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS-15 and t-test analysis, one way analysis of anova, pearson correlation analysis were carried out. According to the findings obtained from the research, while a significant difference in students’ problem solving abilities and self esteem levels was not found in terms of gender, a significant difference was found in terms of class level. A significant relation in a negative direction was found between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of those who do not receive art education and between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of those who receive art education. However, a significant difference between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of students receiving and not receiving art education was not found.© 2012 IOJES. All rights reserved
Full Text Available Violence is a type of behavior that takes different forms and is also directed at different groups. This is one of the major societal problems. The main objective of the present study is to examine the relationship between the perception of violence and self-esteem levels in Turkish women. The Personal Information Form asked some questions concerning Turkish women’s perception of violence, the kinds of violence they are exposed to; the frequency of violence they are exposed to and their reactions to the violent behavior. This was administered to 212 Turkish women, using the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Scale. The findings revealed that most of the women (70% perceive violence most intensely as physical violence. Another significant finding of this study revealed that when the self-esteem of women increases, the sensitivity to the kinds of violence also increases. The findings have also been discussed in the light of similar research findings and finally some suggestions have been made.
Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, age and gender on the one hand and speaking skills on the other hand. For this purpose, based on an OPT test twenty intermediate Persian learners of English were selected from among undergraduate EFL students studying towards a B.A. in teaching English as a foreign language at Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch. Using a modified version of Farhady, et. al.’s scale (1995, measuring the five subskills of vocabulary, structure, pronunciation, fluency and comprehensibility, two raters evaluated the speaking ability of the participants at the end of the required course (Oral Production of Short Stories. The Sorensen’s (2005 questionnaire for measuring self-esteem containing 50 items was also administered to the participants. The result showed a significant relationship between self-esteem and speaking skill with fluency exerting the most influence. There was also a reverse relationship between age and speaking skills. Concerning the relationship between gender and speaking skills, no statistically significant association was found. The study could have implications for English language teachers, learners and text book writers.
The present diploma work presents the theoretical basis of self-esteem, self-respect, self-efficacy, development and connection between them in relationship with music education. The empiric part purpose was to verify the relationship of self-respect and self-efficacy with music education among the primary school pupils (N = 153). The goals of this research were to check the degree of relationship of self-respect and self-efficacy with the school success and to find out if there are an...
This research examined whether a parent's non-disclosure of his or her homosexual or bisexual orientation within the family unit negatively affects self-esteem and anxiety in children, as measured in adulthood. Thirty-six subjects indicated that they had not known of their parent's sexual orientation until an average age of sixteen for the children of lesbian or bisexual mothers, and twenty-two for the children of gay or bisexual fathers. This group's scores on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Marlowe Crowne Social Desirabilty Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Scale were compared to scores obtained by sixty-three participants who did not have a homosexual/bisexual parent. The number of years a secretive environment surrounded the child was measured, as were participants' attitudes about the secret sexual identity. Although the study did not find that adults previously raised with a closeted parent had significantly higher levels of anxiety or lower levels of self-esteem, results indicated that those who had been raised as children with non-disclosed lesbian mothers showed a significantly higher level of self-esteem than participants with heterosexual parents. Implications of the findings for the targeted population are discussed. PMID:16048886
Murray, Paul D; McClintock, Karen
Objective of the study was to search locus of control and self esteem among boys and girls college students. Hypothesis: Boys college students will be high Locus of Control (External Locus of Control) than girls' college's students. Second hypothesis: there will be significant difference between boys and girls college students on dimension self esteem.
Thale Arti Subhashrao
The effectiveness of group sandtray therapy was examined using a pretest-posttest control group design with young adolescent girls (n = 37) identified as having low self-esteem. A split-plot analysis of variance (SPANOVA) revealed statistically significant differences between participants in the treatment and control groups in self-esteem on five…
Shen, Yu-Pei; Armstrong, Stephen A.
This study examined hope, optimism, self-esteem, social support, stress, and indices of subjective well-being (SWB) in 137 low-income, urban, ethnic minority adolescents. Hope, optimism, and self-esteem were significant predictors of SWB indices, but stress predicted only 1 SWB index: negative affect. No moderators of stress and negative affect…
Vacek, Kimberly R.; Coyle, Laura D.; Vera, Elizabeth M.
This paper investigates the growth of early adolescent self-esteem and self-concept as students progress through the middle level years (sixth through eighth grade). Based on mixed method longitudinal research conducted from 2004 to 2007, the study's findings suggest that this sample of 104 urban students' self-esteem changed most significantly…
Booth, Margaret Zoller; Curran, Erin
Examined ethnic identity achievement among Surinamese adolescents in the Netherlands as it related to self-esteem, perceived discrimination, and Dutch national identification. Surveys of Surinamese and ethnic Dutch adolescents indicated that ethnic identity achievement and self-esteem were positively correlated for Surinamese students.…
Verkuyten, Maykel; Brug, Peary
This study examined self-esteem as a moderator of the influence of perceived stress and coping on symptoms of depression in a sample of 713 college students. The results suggest that self-esteem may play an important role in the development of depressive symptoms in college students through interactions with perceived stress and coping. If an…
In this study, a developed model to explain a causal relationship between adolescent's self-esteem, perceived social support and hopelessness is tested. The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between self-esteem, perceived social support and hopelessness in adolescents. A total of 257 adolescents, including 143 female and 114…
Savi Cakar, Firdevs; Karatas, Zeynep
The present study aimed to draw on 2 theoretical models to examine the relationship between perceived ethnic discrimination and psychological distress in a sample of ethnic minority young people (N=154). Analysis provided no support for the hypothesis derived from the self-esteem theory of depression that self-esteem (personal and ethnic)…
Cassidy, Clare; O'Connor, Rory C.; Howe, Christine; Warden, David
This article provides a rationale for using adventure-based counseling (ABC) principles to promote children's self-esteem through group work within the school setting. The effectiveness of combining Adlerian theory with ABC to promote self-esteem is established. The process that would allow a school counselor to plan, organize, facilitate,…
Wagner, Holly H.; Elliott, Anna
For more than a generation, the idea that children need nurturance of a high self-esteem in order to be developmentally healthy has had wide acceptance in Western psychology. A generation of parents has been told that one of their key tasks is to increase their children's self-esteem, and teachers have been trained to give accolades, gold stars,…
According to sociometer theory, self-esteem serves as a barometer of the extent to which individuals are socially included or excluded by others. We hypothesized that trait self-esteem would be related to social pain responsiveness, and we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to experimentally investigate this potential relationship. Participants (n = 26) performed a cyberball task, a computerized game of catch during which the participants were excluded from the game. Participants then...
Onoda, Keiichi; Okamoto, Yasumasa; Nakashima, Ken’ichiro; Nittono, Hiroshi; Yoshimura, Shinpei; Yamawaki, Sigeto; Yamaguchi, Shuhei; Ura, Mitsuhiro
The main purpose of the present study was to examine implicit and explicit self-esteem (SE) in patients with persecutory delusions. In samples of paranoid patients, depressed patients, and healthy controls, implicit SE was assessed using the experimental go/no-go association task, whereas explicit SE was measured using 2 self-reporting questionnaires: the self-worth subscale of the World Assumption Scale (Janoff-Bulman, 1989) and the self-acceptance subscale of the Scales of Psychological Well-Being (Ryff & Keyes, 1995). Our analysis revealed that depressed patients showed lower explicit SE than did paranoid and healthy control participants. However, participants with persecutory delusions had significantly lower implicit SE scores than did healthy controls. We interpret the discrepancies observed between overt and covert measures in the paranoid group as psychological defense mechanisms. The present study stresses the clinical and theoretical importance of the use of implicit measures in psychopathology. PMID:21381800
Valiente, Carmen; Cantero, Dolores; Vázquez, Carmelo; Sanchez, Álvaro; Provencio, María; Espinosa, Regina
Full Text Available This study examines Deaf/hard of hearing college students' implicit and explicit self-esteem, with thirty-six 18 to 21 year old (Age ± SD, 19.4±0.9 subjects. Following are the results of this study: Just as hearing students, Deaf/hard of hearing students also have significant implicit self-esteem effect; none of the observed correlations with explicit esteem is significant for either attributive IAT or the affective IAT; Implicit self-esteem of males is higher than that of females; No significant correlation exists between implicit self-esteem and the level of depression. Social comparisons and negative evaluations and attitudes of others always tend to damage explicit self-esteem of Deaf/hard of hearing students. However, positive self-attitude characterizations still exist in their self-schema.
Full Text Available Background: Adolescence is a period of major changes in various aspects of physical, mental and social caracters they may get. There are new requirements for the changes have been occurred. Attention to these needs, in turn, are faster and better compatibility and increase self-esteem. Self-esteem is the basic factor of personality development in adolescents. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of educational group therapy on self-esteem of adolescent girls.Materials and Method: This is a quasi- experimental study. Seventy-one adolescent girls of 13-15 years old were selected cluster-randomly from guidance school and divided in two groups of experimental and control (35 cases, 36 controls. Self-esteem of adolescents in two groups measured using Pop test. Then the educational group therapy plan was utilized based on promotion of adolescent’s self- esteem at 10 sessions for case group. Self-esteem rate was measured just after the performance of planned session and were analyzed with SPSS-14 software.Results: The results of the study indicated that performing educational group therapy session can increase the mean self-esteem score for case group (84.74 comparing to control group (74.05. Independent t-test shows significant difference between self-esteem score in case and control groups.Conclusion: According to our results the authors suggest that using educational group therapy plan is an effective approach in increasing self-esteem in adolescent girls and may improve mental health. Therefore, we suggest this plan for increasing self-esteem of adolescents in the schools
Full Text Available The study investigated whether family functioning can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of normally achieving (NA and at risk for learning disabilities (LD students in Oman regardless of parent education level and gender status. A total of 259 elementary school students were selected from schools in the main districts of Muscat, the capital and largest city in Oman. The participants included 259 students referred for learning disabilities (78 and normally achieving students (181. Self-Report Measure of Family Functioning–Child Revised, Beck Self-Concept Inventory for Youth (BSCI-Y, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to the participants. In addition, demographic data on parents’ education levels (PEL and gender were collected. The study specifically investigated whether family functioning dimensions of communication, cohesion, conflict, and social/recreational orientation can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of children regardless of PEL and gender status. Multiple hierarchical regressions showed that family functioning was a strong contributory factor of self-concept for both children with and without LD although the two groups differed in terms of the significant family functioning predictors. Family functioning was a weak contributory factor of self-e esteem in children with and without LD and the two groups varied in terms of the significant family functioning variables. The differences between the two groups are discussed from cultural and ecological perspectives.
Mahmoud Mohamed Emam
This study evaluates a short stepwise cognitive-behavioral intervention for the treatment of low self-esteem in patients with eating disorders. Competitive memory training (COMET) for low self-esteem is based on insights and findings from experimental psychology. A total of 52 patients with eating disorders and low self-esteem were treated with…
Korrelboom, Kees; de Jong, Martie; Huijbrechts, Irma; Daansen, Peter
Studied positive and negative self-esteem among 1,070 Turkish and Moroccan early adolescents in the Netherlands. Findings show the usefulness of distinguishing between positive and negative self-esteem when studying global self-esteem among a dolescents. (SLD)
African American adolescent females possess higher self-esteem than any other racial or ethnic adolescent female group. This article tests two popular empirically supported explanations for Black high self-esteem: "contingency of self-esteem theory" and the "locus of control model". This article builds on past research to illustrate the specific…
Adams, Portia E.
Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los propósitos de este estudio fueron: identificar los síntomas de dismorfia muscular en cuatro grupos de varones, comparar la autoestima entre los grupos con alta, moderada y baja motivación por la musculatura, y evaluar la relación entre dichas variables. La muestra incluyó 295 varones de 15 a 63 [...] años de edad (57 fisico-constructivistas competidores, 40 no competidores, 47 usuarios de gimnasio y 151 sedentarios) quienes contestaron la Escala de Motivación por la Musculatura y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Los resultados indicaron que 43.9% de fisicoconstructivistas competidores, 27.5% de fisicoconstructivistas no competidores, 10.6% de usuarios de gimnasio y 1.3% de sedentarios presentaron síntomas de dismorfia muscular. El análisis de covarianza, controlando la edad, indicó que los participantes con menor autoestima fueron los que puntuaron más alto en motivación por la musculatura, en comparación con los de moderada y baja motivación. Finalmente, se observó una correlación significativa y negativa entre la autoestima y la motivación por la musculatura, sin embargo, estos resultados no revelan si la autoestima es un precursor de la motivación por la musculatura o una consecuencia, por lo que futuros estudios podrían investigar longitudinalmente el rol de la autoestima en el desarrollo de la motivación por la musculatura. Abstract in english The purposes of this study were to identify the symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in four groups of men; compare the self-esteem among groups with high, moderate and low drive for muscularity; and evaluate the relationship between these variables. The sample included 295 men aged 15 to 63 years-old (57 [...] competitors bodybuilders, 40 not competitors, 47 gym users, and 151 sedentary) who answered the Drive for Muscularity Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results indicated that 43.9% of competitors bodybuilders, 27.5% non-competitors bodybuilders, 10.6% of gym users, and 1.3% of sedentary had symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Covariance analysis, controlling for age, indicated that participants with lower self-esteem were those who scored higher on drive for muscularity, compared with those with moderate and low self-esteem. Finally, there was a significant and negative correlation between self-esteem and drive for muscularity, however, these results do not reveal whether self-esteem is a precursor or a consequence of drive for muscularity, so that future studies could longitudinally investigate the role of self-esteem in the development of drive for muscularity.
María del Consuelo, Escoto Ponce de León; Esteban Jaime, Camacho Ruiz; Georgina Leticia, Alvarez Rayón; Felipe de Jesús, Díaz Resendiz; Alejandra, Morales Ramírez.
Full Text Available Background & Aim: Chronic illnesses, such as cancer, can cause changing in self-esteem. This study has been perform to compare the self-esteem between male and female cancer patients. Methods & Materials: In this research 101 patients (51 women and 50 men with different types of cancer (solid tumors and leukemia have selected by simple sampling method. The tool for gathering data was a questionnaire, with three parts: demographic characteristics, disease characteristics, and Cooper smith self-esteem inventory. Data collection was done through interview, patient’s charts and patients self-report. The descriptive and analytic statistics have been used and the exams were “chi-2” and “Fisher”, through SPSS software. Results: This study showed that the majority of cancer patients in male and female group have moderate level of self-esteem. There is no significant difference in self-esteem of men and women with cancer and the majority of them (84.3% women and (%76 men have moderate self-esteem, but noticeable difference between men and women is connected to the variables that are related to self-esteem, whereas, men’s self-esteem has not any significant meaningful relationship with demographic variables, meanwhile, variables of being under support of somebody (p=0.005 and having caregivers at home (p=0.039 have a meaningful relationship with women’s’ self-esteem. Among the diseases’ characters change or decrease in function of different parts of body has a meaningful relationship with men’s (p=0.014 and women’s (p=0.005 self-esteem. Constipation is the only other variable related to men’s’ self-esteem (p=0.071, but about women there are some variables related to the self-esteem of them consist of duration of amputation (p=0.018, anorexia (p=0.001, alopecia (p=0.027 and fatigue (p=0.021. Conclusion: It seems that, in comparison between tow genders with cancer although the women’s self- esteem is related to more variables than men, but, recognition and specify these variables can help nurses to design an effective care-plan to meet the gender-specific needs.
To meaningfully interpret oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures, the influence of personality traits must be investigated. Objectives:To investigate and quantify the influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity (NA) on OHRQoL. It was hypothesized that low self-esteem and high NA would be associated with worse OHRQoL.Methods: OHRQoL measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), self-esteem measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), NA measured by the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), global oral rating of oral comfort and controlling variables (gender, age, number of teeth, experience of wearing removable dental prostheses (RDP), location of missing teeth and zone of missing teeth) were collected from 81 patients with partial tooth loss, signed in for treatment with RDP. Results:Bivariate analyses showed that the EPI-Q score had the highest correlation with OHIP-49 score ( R = 0.5). Both EPI-Q and RSES score had a stronger correlation with psychosocial items than physical/ functional items of the OHIP-49. In the multivariate analyses, the controlling variables alone explained 17.75% of the variance in OHIP-49 score, while addition of EPI-Q score, RSES score and both EPI-Q and RSES score explained additionally 11.64%, 6.07% and 14.12%, respectively. For each unit increase in EPI-Q score, the OHIP-49 score increased 5.1 units and for each unit increase in RSES score, the OHIP-49 score decreased 1.1. NA was statistically and clinically significantly higher and self-esteem was statistically significantly lower in patients reporting worse oral comfort. Conclusion: NA had the strongest and most clinically meaningful influence, but both NA and self-esteem was found to influence OHRQoL; low self-esteem and high NA was associated with worse OHRQoL. This indicates the possibility to explain some of the impact of tooth loss on OHRQoL based on personality traits.
Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov
Full Text Available The social system in India had a unique feature of caste. The lower caste people were experiencing severe humiliation and discrimination from the upper caste. Dr. Ambekar had challenged the hegemony of the upper caste. In 1956, Dr. Ambekar converted to Buddhist religion along with his followers. This social change gave new identity to the people suffering from brutal treatment from the upper caste. However, some followers continued both Hindu and Buddhist religion practices and some continue to practice only Buddhist religion. The present paper tries to explore the association of hope and self-esteem among them and also investigates if there is any difference between these groups. Results indicated that there is a significant difference between the groups.
Dr. Neekanth Bankar
This study investigates heterogeneity in adolescents' trajectories of global self-esteem (GSE) and the relations between these trajectories and facets of the interpersonal, organizational, and instructional components of students' school life. Methodologically, this study illustrates the use of growth mixture analyses, and how to obtain proper student-level effects when there are multiple schools, but not enough to support multilevel analyses. This study is based on a 4-year, six-measurement-point, follow-up of 1,008 adolescents (M(age) = 12.6 years, SD = 0.6 at Time 1.) The results show four latent classes presenting elevated, moderate, increasing, and low trajectories defined based on GSE levels and fluctuations. The results show that GSE becomes trait-like as it increases and that school life effects, moderated by gender, played an important role in predicting membership in these trajectories. PMID:23550822
Morin, Alexandre J S; Maïano, Christophe; Marsh, Herbert W; Nagengast, Benjamin; Janosz, Michel
Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years, the increase in obesity worldwide has drawn more attention to its undesirable effects on the people’s physical and psychological health. Studies done on the subject have produced contradictory results on the relation between obesity and self-esteem. The reason could be that individuals with higher self-esteem may have chosen a better lifestyle because they had a higher respect for themselves. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem and BMI and some lifestyle factors in employed women.Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study conducted on 125 obese women 25-45 years of age, with BMI?30 and 125 non- obese employed women from affiliated hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Dietary intake and physical activity, as components of lifestyle, were assessed by semi-quantitative and MET questionnaires, respectively. Self-esteem was assessed by Rosenberg questionnaire.Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in level of education, economic status, physical activity (p<0.05 and self-esteem (p<0.001. Total energy intake and percentage of energy intake from fat were significantly different between the two groups (p<0.05.Conclusion: Self-esteem was higher in non-obese women. Women with higher self-esteem had a better lifestyle. Attention to psychological aspect of obesity is important in any health promotion program
Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio se propuso indagar sobre la validez de constructo de la adaptación a la Prueba de Autoestima para Adolescentes (PAA) y actualizar los parámetros psicométricos resultantes de estudios anteriores. Respondieron el instrumento 1581 estudiantes de ambos sexos (850 mujeres y 731 hombre [...] s) de una institución pública de educación media superior de la Ciudad de México. Mediante el empleo de la metodología de validez cruzada se determinó que el modelo de medida que subyace a la PAA ajustó satisfactoriamente, lo que confirma una estructura de cuatro factores: Cogniciones sobre sí mismo, Cogniciones de competencia, Relación familiar y Enojo. Los hallazgos del presente estudio se suman a los datos generados en torno a la validez de contenido, de criterio y de constructo de la PAA. Abstract in english The present study intended to explore construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents and update psychometric properties found in previous studies. 1581 Mexican students (850 women and 731 men) of a public high school in Mexico City responded to the scale. The sample was split randomly in [...] half. EFA was applied using one sample's data, and CFA to the other sample's data. The model, assumed to underlie responses to the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents, satisfactorily fit the data, confirming a structure of 4 factors: self-cognitions, competence cognitions, family relations and rage. Results of the present study corroborate previous data concerning content, criterion-related and construct validity of the Selfesteem Test for Adolescents.
JOAQUÍN, CASO NIEBLA; LAURA, HERNÁNDEZ-GUZMAN; MANUAL, GONZÁLEZ-MONTESINOS.
The present study examined the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence, selfesteem and life satisfaction in a sample of 316 Spanish adolescents (179 females and 137 males), ranging in age from 14 to 18. Demographic information was collected, along with data through the use of three self-report measures: the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. As expected, perceived emotional dimensions, particularly mood clarity and repair...
Lourdes Rey; Natalio Extremera; Mario Pena
This study examines Deaf/hard of hearing college students' implicit and explicit self-esteem, with thirty-six 18 to 21 year old (Age ± SD, 19.4±0.9) subjects. Following are the results of this study: Just as hearing students, Deaf/hard of hearing students also have significant implicit self-esteem effect; none of the observed correlations with explicit esteem is significant for either attributive IAT or the affective IAT; Implicit self-esteem of males is higher than that of females; No sig...
Full Text Available This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran’s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. Moreover, the increase of self-concept and self-esteem are related to the decrease of anxiety and a negative significant relation exists between self-concept, self-esteem and depression which will ensue decrease in academic achievement.
Full Text Available
Objectives: A higher self-esteem (SE is suggested by a reduced difference between ideal and real self. The present pilot study was designed to investigate if a brief eight-session individual person-centered therapy (PCT intervention on older adults can promote their SE, as compared with a control group (waiting list. We hypothesized that participants randomized to PCT would report improvements in SE from pre- to post-intervention compared to those not attending PCT sessions. Method: We recruited 81 persons aged between 65-82 years (M = 71.9, SD = 4.77 in the Great Lisbon area, in Portugal and randomized 40 to PCT and 41 to control group. The PCT intervention consisted of an eight weekly individual therapy. Measures were completed, including demographics and the Self-esteem Scale (SES at the baseline, post-treatment and at the 12-month follow-up. Results: Findings indicated that individual PCT with older adults may improve their SE. The difference between ideal self and real self, evidenced at follow-up (M = 1.251, SD = .524 by the participants who had undergone PCT, was significantly lower (41.3% in comparison to the baseline score (M = 2.131, SD = .799. Additionally, significant differences between the intervention group and the control group were found in the post-intervention and follow-up. Estimates were statistically significant at .05 level. Conclusions: Results suggest that PCT is beneficial for improving SE. Clinical practice and program development in therapeutic settings may benefit from including PCT as an important component for promoting SE in older adults and for aging well.
Key words: Person-centered therapy; Control group; Follow-up; Older adults; Self-esteem
Sofia von Humboldt
Background: High levels of childhood traumatic experiences have been observed among substance abusers. There has been insufficient study of the effects of childhood trauma in adulthood. Objective: The aim of this study is to research the relationship between childhood trauma, self-esteem, and levels of depression and anxiety in substance-dependent (SD) people. Method: This study took place between March 2012 and April 2013, at Bal?kl? Rum Hospital (Istanbul) substance dependency clinic. It included 50 patients diagnosed as substance dependent according to the criteria of DSM-IV as compared with 45 healthy controls. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Diagnosis (SCID-I) was used to identify Axis I disorders. All other data was collected using a semi-structured socio-demographic questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Findings: The total scores of the SD group on the CTQ and on its Emotional Abuse/Emotional Neglect (EA/EN), Physical Abuse (PA) and Sexual Abuse (SA) subscales were statistically significant. In relation to the healthy controls, the SD group scored higher on the RSES, BDI and BAI. A correlation was observed between the total scores of SD individuals on the CTQ and their scores on the RSES, BDI and BAI. Conclusion: This study showed high levels of childhood traumatic experiences for SD people and indicates that there may be a relationship between these experiences and their levels of self-esteem, depression and anxiety. PMID:25434460
Ekinci, Suat; Kandemir, Hasan
In the theoretical part of the thesis is clarified the difference between self-concept and self-esteem. Self-concept is defined as a set of relations which the individual establishes on the conscious or unconscious way with oneself. On the other hand, self-esteem represents valuable relationship to oneself. It is clarified how their development is influenced by various factors - family, kindergarten, school, age and gender. The following part defines the characteristics of the deaf, who do...
Humar Slapnik, Barbara
This study aimed at determining the effect of instruction in cognitive and metacognitive strategies on the students' educational self-esteem and academic performance. 87 students were selected through random sampling. The two first groups were consciously taught about cognitive and metacognitive strategies. All the classes were taught by the same teacher. Pourmoghaddasian’s self-esteem questionnaire (1994) was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there were significant di...
Eghbal Zarei; Nasrin Shokrpour; Elham Nasiri; Reza Kafipour
The relationship between leaders’ personality preferences, self-esteem and emotional competence is the focus of this article. A study was conducted to analyse the responses of a sample of 107 South African leaders in the manufacturing industry to measures of the three constructs. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the Culturefree Self-esteem Inventories for Adults (CFSEI-AD), and the 360° Emotional Competency Profiler (ECP) were administered. Positive relationships were found between ...
Helene Muller; Nico Martins; Basson, Johan S.; Melinde Coetzee
The type and pattern of social stratification in a society greatly influences individual and group behavior. Most modern societies have class based stratification. However many features of traditional stratification may be observed in modem societies such as elements of caste system and feudalism. Self esteem is how we value ourselves it is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others. Self esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, our work ne...
Nadir Jamil; Zarqa Azhar; Muhammad Nisar Bhatti; Malik Muhammad Sohail
Exercising in natural, green environments creates greater improvements in adult's self-esteem than exercise undertaken in urban or indoor settings. No comparable data are available for children. The aim of this study was to determine whether so called ‘green exercise’ affected changes in self-esteem; enjoyment and perceived exertion in children differently to urban exercise. We assessed cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle-run) and self-reported physical activity (PAQ-A) in 11 and 12 y...
Reed, Katharine; Wood, Carly; Barton, Jo; Pretty, Jules N.; Cohen, Daniel; Sandercock, Gavin R. H.
The process of shaping one's self-esteem and psychological sex is to a large extent determined by the immediate social environment. The major impact is exerted by family members as well as significant others, whose opinions and judgements are deemed to be of cardinal importance. Psychological sex and self-esteem directly affect the quality of relations with other people, which, in turn, results in the feeling of satisfaction or discontentment. The aim of the undertaken research was to determi...
Romanowska-Tolloczko Anna.; Bartusiak Irena; Nowak Agata
Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore,...
?jlal Erturan; Evrim Aktepe; Didem Didar Balc?,; Mehmet Y?ld?r?m; Yonca Sönmez; Ali Murat Ceyhan
The fear of experiencing discrimination often provokes symptoms of psychological distress. One coping resource is positive identification with one’s social group—known as collective self-esteem. This preliminary study investigated whether collective self-esteem was related to fears regarding a transsexual identity and psychological distress among 53 self-identified male-to-female transsexuals (mean age = 50.79). Participants were recruited from transgender events held in Arizona and Calif...
Sa?nchez, Francisco J.; Vilain, Eric
Self-esteem is a facet of personality that influences perception of social standing and modulates the salience of social acceptance and rejection. As such, self-esteem may bias neural responses to positive and negative social feedback across individuals. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning, participants (n = 42) engaged in a social evaluation task whereby they ostensibly received feedback from peers indicating they were liked or disliked. Results demonstrated that individual...
Somerville, Leah H.; Kelley, William M.; Heatherton, Todd F.
This study examined the opposing hypotheses that either low or exaggerated but disputed self-esteem is related to aggression in 652 12-year-old schoolchildren. Children provided peer nominations of social acceptance and of physical aggression, self-ratings of global self-worth and of social satisfaction. Teachers rated aggressive behavior and internalizing problems. Exaggerated but disputed self-esteem was conceptualizedas discrepancies between self and peer evaluations of social satisfaction...
Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Rydell, Ann-margret; Henricsson, Lisbeth
Individuals with low (rather than high) self-esteem often struggle with existential concerns. In the present research, we examined whether these existential concerns may be alleviated by seemingly trivial experiences of both real and simulated interpersonal touch. A brief touch on the shoulder by a female experimenter led individuals with low self-esteem to experience less death anxiety (Study 1) and more social connectedness after a death reminder (Study 2). Reminding individuals with low self-esteem of death increased their desire for touch, as indicated by higher value estimates of a teddy bear, a toy animal that simulates interpersonal touch (Study 3). Finally, holding a teddy bear (vs. a cardboard box) led individuals with low self-esteem to respond to a death reminder with less defensive ethnocentrism (Study 4). Individuals with high self-esteem were unaffected by touch (Studies 1-4). These findings highlight the existential significance of embodied touch experiences, particularly for individuals with low self-esteem. PMID:24190907
Koole, Sander L; Tjew A Sin, Mandy; Schneider, Iris K
This study of university students (64 men, 99 women) examined the role of self-critical (SC) and personal standards (PS) higher order dimensions of perfectionism in daily self-esteem, attachment, and negative affect. Participants completed questionnaires at the end of the day for 7 consecutive days. Trait and situational influences were found in the daily reports of self-esteem, attachment, and affect. In contrast to PS perfectionism, SC perfectionism was strongly related to aggregated daily reports of low self-esteem, attachment fears (fear of closeness, fear of dependency, fear of loss), and negative affect as well as instability indexes of daily self-esteem, attachment, and negative affect. Multilevel modeling indicated that both SC and PS perfectionists were emotionally reactive to decreases in self-esteem, whereas only SC perfectionists were emotionally reactive to increases in fear of closeness with others. These results demonstrate the dispositional and moderating influences of perfectionism dimensions on daily self-esteem, attachment, and negative affect. PMID:22092274
Dunkley, David M; Berg, Jody-Lynn; Zuroff, David C
Full Text Available The process of shaping one's self-esteem and psychological sex is to a large extent determined by the immediate social environment. The major impact is exerted by family members as well as significant others, whose opinions and judgements are deemed to be of cardinal importance. Psychological sex and self-esteem directly affect the quality of relations with other people, which, in turn, results in the feeling of satisfaction or discontentment. The aim of the undertaken research was to determine and compare the level of self-esteem and the type of psychological sex of female students at different types of universities. The data were collected by means of A. Kuczynska's Psychological Sex Inventory and L. Niebrzydowski's Self-esteem Questionnaire. The research group consisted of 320 women studying at four university schools in Wroclaw. The research allows to conclude that there are significant differences in terms of a multitude of psychological sex types and the level of self-esteem among female students of different universities. It appears that the highest level of self-esteem was observed in students of University School of Physical Education. This group of subjects comprises also the largest amount of female students with male and androgynous psychological sex.
Full Text Available All members of Institute for Deaf 'N Dumb have undergone coaching and training skills. Infact, not all the members are having a permanent job because of the lack of a chance than others, and feeling less confident that he is able to produce something so that the skills he has was useless. One of these internal variables that a barrier is self-esteem. Self-assessment of deaf persons who consider themselves not able to relate well with others, especially with the normal people. In this research, data collection using a questionnaire Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI, which is constructed based on the theory of the Coopersmith's self-esteem, as many as 45 items of statements, with the level of reliability in this study was 0.926 for the self-esteem variable, and 0.984 for the interpersonal relationship variable. Data obtained in the form of ordinal and the data processing was using non-parametric statistical method of Spearman Rank. Based on data processing with significance level = 0.05 obtained result rs = 0.439, it means there was a significant relationship between self esteem and interpersonal relationship. This means that the lower the self esteem owned it worse interpersonal relationships of persons with hearing disability.
Faya Noorhalia Elcamila
According to terror management theory, self-esteem serves as a buffer against existential anxiety. This proposition is well supported empirically, but its neuronal underpinnings are poorly understood. Therefore, in the present neuroimaging study, our aim was to test how self-esteem affects our neural circuitry activation when death-related material is processed. Consistent with previous findings, the bilateral insula responded less to death-related stimuli relative to similarly unpleasant, but death-unrelated sentences, an effect that might reflect a decrease in the sense of oneself in the face of existential threat. In anterior parts of the insula, this 'deactivation' effect was more pronounced for high self-esteem individuals, suggesting that the insula might be of core importance to understanding the anxiety-buffering effect of self-esteem. In addition, low self-esteem participants responded with enhanced activation to death-related over unpleasant stimuli in bilateral ventrolateral prefrontal and medial orbitofrontal cortex, suggesting that regulating death-related thoughts might be more effortful to these individuals. Together, this suggests that the anxiety-buffering effect of self-esteem might be implemented in the brain in the form of both insula-dependent awareness mechanisms and prefrontal cortex-dependent regulation mechanisms. PMID:24222712
Klackl, Johannes; Jonas, Eva; Kronbichler, Martin
Full Text Available Globální sebehodnocení (GSH je teoretický konstrukt, který p?edstavuje jednu z psychologických charakteristik osobnosti. Aspekty GSH dosud nejsou dostate?n? prostudovány. V tomto ?lánku p?edkládáme výsledky dvou na sebe navazujících studií, které se t?mto aspekt?m v?nují. Ve studii 1 jsme sledovali úrove? GSH vzhledem k pohlaví v souboru senior? (75 žen, 31 muž?, pr?m?rný v?k 70,08 let, SD = 6056. Jednalo se o aktivní seniory, kte?í se pravideln? ú?astnili organizovaných pohybových aktivit v rámci TJ Sokol na území ?eské republiky. V navazující studii jsme srovnali úrove? GSH tohoto souboru senior? a souboru adolescent?, student? st?edních škol (41 žen, 61 muž?, pr?m?rný v?k 17,15 let, SD = 0,68. Pro m??ení úrovn? GSH jsme použili Rosenbergovu škálu sebehodnocení. Výsledky studie 1 ukázaly, že ve výzkumném souboru senior? existují statisticky významné rozdíly v úrovni GSH mezi ženami a muži. Hodnoty však byly vysoké u muž? i u žen. Z výsledk? navazující studie vyplývá, že z hlediska úrovn? GSH existují mezi soubory adolescent? a senior? statisticky významné rozdíly. Zjistili jsme, že senio?i vykazují vyšší hodnoty GSH ?ast?ji než adolescenti. In this paper, we have reported on the results of two follow up studies concerning various aspects of global self esteem (GSE. We used the Rosenberg self esteem scale to measure GSE. In study no. 1, we examined the level of global self esteem with respect to gender perspective within a sample of 106 seniors. In the follow up study, we compared the levels of global self esteem of seniors and a sample of 102 adolescents. The results of study no. 1 showed significant differences in GSE between men and women in the sample of seniors. The results of the follow up study showed significant differences in the levels of GSE between seniors and adolescents.
Ergenlerin Benlik Sayg?s? ve Sosyal Kayg? Düzeyleri Aras?ndaki ?li?ki ve Ki?isel De?i?kenlerin Etkileri
The Relation Between Self-Esteem And Social Anxiety Levels Of Adolescents And The Effects Of Personal Variables
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of adolescents. Besides, the effects of gender, perceived self-image, perceived school success, attending leisure time activities, having a peer group, having a special friend were investigated. The sample consisted of 300 adolescents, 152 girl, 148 boy by random sampling method. Data were collected by Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and Social Anxiety Scale with a questionnai...
Eri?s?, Yasemin; Ebru I?ki?z, F.
Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A autoestima é uma das variáveis psicológicas mais estudadas e reconhecidas por muitos investigadores, e tem vindo a assumir importância na experiência de vida das pessoas, nos mais variados contextos de vida. A incontinência urinária (IU) nas mulheres, que constitui um problema de Saúde Pública, co [...] m elevada prevalência pode implicar repercussões ao nível da autoestima. Objetivo: investigar os efeitos da fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com IU. Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por 157 mulheres com IU de esforço (variando entre 18-80 anos), tendo sido divididas em grupo experimental de fisioterapia (n=100), que realizou um programa de 12 semanas de fisioterapia uroginecológica e grupo de controlo (n=57) que recebeu o seguimento clínico habitual. Antes de cada intervenção e após 12 semanas avaliamos a autoestima através da Escala de Autoestima Global de Rosenberg. As participantes assinaram o termo de consentimento aprovado pelo Comité de Ética do Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal. Resultados: Constatamos que o programa de fisioterapia uroginecológica aumentou os níveis de autoestima das mulheres (p Abstract in english Self-esteem is one of the psychological variables most studied by researchers and it has been assuming a great importance in the people’s life experience, in the several life contexts. Urinary incontinence (UI) in women constitutes a public health problem, with a high prevalence that may involve rep [...] ercussions on the self-esteem. Aim: Investigate the effects of physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with UI. Methods: The sample consisted in 157 women with stress UI (ranging from 18-80 years), divided into physiotherapy intervention group (n=100), that followed a 12-week of pelvic physiotherapy program and a control group (n=57) that received the routine clinical follow-up. Before each intervention and after 12 weeks, we evaluated the self-esteem by the Rosenberg’s Global Self-Esteem Scale. Participants signed the consent approved by the Hospital São João Ethics Committee, Porto, Portugal. Results: We found that the pelvic physiotherapy program raised the self-esteem levels on the women (p
Rui, Viana; Sara, Viana; Renato, Andrade; Clarinda, Festas; Félix, Neto.
Self-esteem and well-being are important for successful aging, and some evidence suggests that self-esteem and well-being are associated with hippocampal volume, cognition and stress responsivity. Whereas most of this evidence is based on studies on older adults, we investigated self-esteem, well-being and hippocampal volume in 474 male middle-aged twins. Self-esteem was significantly positively correlated with hippocampal volume (0.09, P = 0.03 for left hippocampus, 0.10, P = 0.04 for right). Correlations for well-being were not significant (Ps > 0.05). There were strong phenotypic correlations between self-esteem and well-being (0.72, P 0.05). Our results indicate that largely different genetic and environmental factors underlie self-esteem and well-being on one hand and hippocampal volume on the other. PMID:22471516
Kubarych, T S; Prom-Wormley, E C; Franz, C E; Panizzon, M S; Dale, A M; Fischl, B; Eyler, L T; Fennema-Notestine, C; Grant, M D; Hauger, R L; Hellhammer, D H; Jak, A J; Jernigan, T L; Lupien, S J; Lyons, M J; Mendoza, S P; Neale, M C; Seidman, L J; Tsuang, M T; Kremen, W S
Full Text Available Puberty is a very important process for adolescents. Physiological changes and body modifications lead to great vulnerability. This vulnerability is connected to the adolescent’s perceptions of the uncertainty of outcomes due to the transformation of their infant body into an adult one. This cross-sectional study aims to better understand whether body image perception and satisfaction influence self-esteem in a sample of Italian male and female adolescents. A total of 242 adolescents (120 male and 122 female individuals aged 11 to 17 years (M = 13.33; SD = 1.7 completed the study measures. Quantitative and qualitative instruments were used. In particular, adolescents completed self-report questionnaires to assess their pubertal status (Pubertal Developmental Scale, Peterson, Crockett, Richards, & Boxer, 1988, their body esteem (Body Esteem Scale, Mendelson, Mendelson, & White, 2001, their body image (Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire, Rauste-von Wright, 1989, and their self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg,1965. Adolescent were also invited to depict themselves to assess their body representations by completing the Drawing Me test (Confalonieri, 2011. Results from MANOVAs confirm that gender and age are two factors that influence body image perception and satisfaction. SEM analyses show that good self-esteem is reached through good body satisfaction following different trajectories in male and female individuals. Data from adolescents’ body representations obtained via drawings confirm that females are more concerned about their body changes and about the appearance of secondary sexual features than males. This research, stressing the influence of various individual factors and highlighting the psychological distress and dissatisfaction of adolescents, especially females, confirms the importance of studying this topic in order to generate preventive measures to help adolescents through this developmental task.
The current study aimed at investigating the any probable relationship between Iranian EFL learners’ self esteem, proficiency level, and also their reading scores. To do so, 120 male and female Iranian language learners were picked out and grouped into three beginning, intermediate, and advanced-level groups using a reading comprehension test. Then the other instrument of the study, a questionnaire on self-esteem, was employed to measure their degree of self-esteem. Having run two corre...
Kamal Heidari Soureshjani; Noushin Naseri
Full Text Available O estudo investigou as implicações da condição de maternidade e de não-maternidade para a construção da auto-estima pessoal e coletiva das mulheres, mediante o teste das hipóteses de que os índices de auto-estima pessoal e de auto-estima coletiva obtidos por mulheres mães seriam significativamente maiores do que os índices obtidos por mulheres não-mães. A amostra foi composta por 310 mulheres, com idades variando entre 30 e 69 anos, distribuídas em um grupo de mães e um outro de não-mães, as quais foram solicitadas a responder às versões brasileiras da Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg e da Escala de Auto-Estima Coletiva. A análise dos resultados revelou que as duas hipóteses do estudo foram corroboradas. Concluiu-se que as concepções e representações tradicionais acerca da maternidade ainda desempenham um importante papel na configuração da identidade feminina.The study investigates the motherhood and non-motherhood conditions, and its implications to women in their construction of personal and collective self-esteem. The hypotheses to be tested were that mothers would present personal and collective self-esteem indexes significantly greater than non-mothers. The sample consisted of 310 women, between 30 and 69 years of age, distributed in two groups, mothers and non-mothers. Both groups were asked to answer the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale and Collective Self-Esteem Scale. Results confirmed both hypotheses. It was concluded that traditional conceptions and representations of motherhood still play an important role in the construction of feminine identity.
Daniela Borges Lima de Souza
We examined the relation between low self-esteem and depression using longitudinal data from a sample of 674 Mexican-origin early adolescents who were assessed at age 10 and 12 years. Results supported the vulnerability model, which states that low self-esteem is a prospective risk factor for depression. Moreover, results suggested that the vulnerability effect of low self-esteem is driven, for the most part, by general evaluations of worth (i.e., global self-esteem), rather than by domain-sp...
Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W.; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D.
Full Text Available This study was aimed to investigate the effect of students’ streaming practice in Malaysian secondary on students’ self-esteem through teachers’ expectancy. 17 teachers and 20 students from art and science streams of secondary schools in Penang, Malaysia were participated in this study. Unstructured interviews were used on teachers to collect the qualitative data of teachers’ expectancy. The participating students were from the fourth year of secondary school in Malaysian school system (between 16-17 years old, 10 from science stream and 10 from arts stream were interviewed in order to collect the qualitative data of teachers’ perceived behavior and self-esteem. Result of this study shown that teachers expected science stream students to have good academic performance but expected arts stream students to be involved in disciplinary problems. Furthermore, science stream students perceived that their teachers were academically supportive but arts stream students perceived that their teachers were focusing on controlling their behavior. On the other hand, findings of this study also revealed that science stream students possed higher level of self-esteem than arts stream students. Accordingly, it was indicated that teachers’ perceived behavior and teachers’ expectancy are correlated to one another, and teachers’ perceived behavior predicts students’ self-esteem. It was discovered that teachers expected science stream students to be eager to improve their academic performance, and students from arts stream class were likely to be involved in disciplinary problems. Students were found to be aware of their teachers’ expectancy, and their perception of teachers’ expectancy affected their self-esteem. While self-esteem was referred to a discrepancy between a student’s ideal-self and actual-self, it was discovered that both groups of students pictured their ideal-self differently to each other. Science stream students pictured their ideal-selves as a character with overall success, while arts stream students pictured their ideal-selves as a socially well-functioned character. Nevertheless, arts stream students found to have lower self-esteem. It was concluded that streaming affected the students’ self-esteem through teachers’ expectancy and perceived behavior.Keywords: Streaming, students’ self-esteem, teachers’ expectancy, science stream, arts stream, supportive, controlling.
Prihadi Kususanto Chin Sook Fui
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La relación entre autoestima y psicopatología es compleja. Mediante el RSS (Rosenberg) y otras escalas (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) hallamos, en 100 pacientes con Trastorno de Personalidad, una media de autoestima de 20,48 (D.T = 5,54), inferior a otras muestras clínicas y a la población general. E [...] ncontramos un "cluster" de autoestima positiva en los rasgos narcisistas e histriónicos; y otro "cluster" de autoestima negativa en los rasgos límites, autodestructivos, fóbico-evitativos, esquizotípicos, pasivo-agresivos y esquizoides (TB ? 85 en el MCMI-II). La apertura a criterios de estabilidad, congruencia e integración con otros procesos permite una comprensión más fecunda del constructo en el ámbito de los Trastornos de Personalidad. Abstract in english The relationship between self-esteem and psychopathology is complex. Using the RSS (Rosenberg) and other scales (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) we found, in 100 personality disorder patients, an average self-esteem of 20.48 (S.D. = 5.54), less than in other patients and the general public. A cluster o [...] f positive self-esteem made of narcissistic and histrionic traits was found. Another cluster of negative self-esteem is formed by borderline, self-destructive, phobic, schizotypal, passive-aggressive and schizoid traits (TB ? 85 in MCMI-II). By opening research up to criteria of stability, consistency and integration, with other processes, we can gain a more fruitful understanding of personality disorders.
Juan Manuel, Ramos Martín.
Child-rearing experts have long believed that praise is an effective means to help children with low self-esteem feel better about themselves. But should one praise these children for who they are, or for how they behave? Study 1 (N = 357) showed that adults are inclined to give children with low self-esteem more person praise (i.e., praise for personal qualities) but less process praise (i.e., praise for behavior) than they give children with high self-esteem. This inclination may backfire, however. Study 2 (N = 313; M(age) = 10.4 years) showed that person praise, but not process praise, predisposes children, especially those with low self-esteem, to feel ashamed following failure. Consistent with attribution theory, person praise seems to make children attribute failure to the self. Together, these findings suggest that adults, by giving person praise, may foster in children with low self-esteem the very emotional vulnerability they are trying to prevent. PMID:23421441
Brummelman, Eddie; Thomaes, Sander; Overbeek, Geertjan; Orobio de Castro, Bram; van den Hout, Marcel A; Bushman, Brad J
Full Text Available The type and pattern of social stratification in a society greatly influences individual and group behavior. Most modern societies have class based stratification. However many features of traditional stratification may be observed in modem societies such as elements of caste system and feudalism. Self esteem is how we value ourselves it is how we perceive our value to the world and how valuable we think we are to others. Self esteem affects our trust in others, our relationships, our work nearly every part of our lives. Different researches show that most of the students experience low self esteem due to traditional background and low status. This research explores the impacts of traditional social stratification on self esteem on students of University of Sargodha. Quantitative approach has been used to find out the answer of questions and convenient sampling used to collect data.150 respondents had been taken in which 75 males and 75 female students. The data collection is thus analyzed using Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS. Findings of this research indicate that the students who belong to low caste often feel lack of confidence and low level of self esteem.
Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with physical disabilities are prone to experience lowered self-esteem which can result in negative consequences for the individual as well as the community. It has been found that dancing may have positive emotional, social and developmental consequences. AIM: The aim of t [...] his study was to determine the influence of wheelchair dancing on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were involved in this quantitative study. A before-and-after experimental study design was used which included a control group. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain information from the participants. The experimental group participated in wheelchair dancing, while the control group did not. RESULTS: A difference between the two groups was observed with 72.7% of the intervention group displaying an increase in self-esteem, compared to 54.6% of the control group. Improved self-esteem manifested in, for example, an improvement in eye contact and sense of responsibility. CONCLUSION: The researchers concluded that wheelchair dancing may have a positive influence on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities.
Danette, de Villiers; FC, van Rooyen; M, Comm; V, Beck; Y, Calitz; T, Erwee; C, Engelbrecht; E, Odendaal; L, Roothman; L, van Eeden.
Full Text Available Objective: Examining the interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, selfefficacy and self-esteem among working (professional and non-professional, and non-working married women has motivated the researcher to launch this study. Method: The samples in the present study consisted of 250 married employed women and 250 married unemployed women in the age range of 24-41 years old belonging to lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status groups, with educational qualification of 10±2 and above and having at least one school child. Stratified convenience sampling technique was used for the selection of the sample. The World Health Organization -Quality of Life (WHO QOL – BREF, the Personal View Survey (PVS, the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE, The Coopersmith Self-Eesteem Inventory (CSEI and demographic questionnaire Sheet were chosen for collection of the data. Results: Obtained Pearson r values revealed significant positive interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem in the whole sample, within the subgroups of professional and non-professional employed and unemployed women. Obtained pearson r values revealed significant negative relationship between employment and the above variables in women. Conclusion: It indicates that women with higher quality of life score rank also higher on hardiness, self-efficacy, and self-esteem and vice versa.
Full Text Available The relationship between leaders’ personality preferences, self-esteem and emotional competence is the focus of this article. A study was conducted to analyse the responses of a sample of 107 South African leaders in the manufacturing industry to measures of the three constructs. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI, the Culturefree Self-esteem Inventories for Adults (CFSEI-AD, and the 360° Emotional Competency Profiler (ECP were administered. Positive relationships were found between the three constructs. The self-esteem construct appeared to be a more reliable predictor of emotional competence than the MBTI personality preferences. The findings of the study make an important contribution to the expanding body of knowledge concerned with the evaluation of personality variables that influence the effectiveness of leaders.
Self-esteem, dieting, and body image of 131 female beauty pageant contestants (mean age 26.0 years) from 43 states were examined by an anonymous survey. Most (89.6%) reported being a pageant finalist or winner and 55.2% had competed at the nationa/international level Over one-fourth (26%) of the women had been told or perceived they had an eating disorder which reportedly began at 16.25 years. Almost half (48.5%) reported wanting to be thinner and 57% were trying to lose weight. Higher self-esteem scores were significantly associated with increased level of competition (i.e.: from local to international pageants), but not with the number of times the women were pageant finalists or winners. Future study is warranted to determine how pageant participation influences self-esteem, body image, and the development of eating disorders. PMID:14649788
Thompson, S H; Hammond, K
Full Text Available In this study we analyse the relationships between three variablesof self-evaluations, being self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction. Moreover, we study the evolution of these three aspects during adolescence paying attention to gender differences. The sample was made up of 2400 teenagers aged between 12 and 17 years old taken from 20 high schools in Western Andalusia. In this study we also analyse the relationship between teenager self evaluation and parenting style. Our results show, on one hand, high correlation between self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction, and on the other hand, between teenager self evaluationand parenting style. In fact, parental warmth and communication and sense of humor show high correlation with adolescent self evaluation. We also found increasing differences between boys and girls as regards their self esteem, self efficacy and life satisfaction as adolescence progressed. Specifically, little changedwas observed in boys, whereas girls’ self-evaluation decreased with age.
Objective: This study focuses on possible effects of specialized summer camps on young burn survivors’ self esteem and body image. Method: Quantitative as well as qualitative measures was used. To study possible effects, a pretest–posttest comparison group design with a follow-up was employed. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure self esteem and body image in a burn camp group (n = 83, 8–18 years) and in a comparison group of children with burns who did not att...
Bakker, A.; Heijden, P. G. M.; Son, M. J. M.; Schoot, A. G. J.; Loey, N. E.
The purpose of the study was to examine the self esteem and self confidence among athlete and non-athlete. For the present study 100 athlete and non-athlete were selected from Aurangabad city. The effective sample consisted of 100 subjects, out of which 50 subjects were athlete and 50 subjects were non-athlete. The age range of subjects where 18-25 years (M =21.45, SD = 4.11).. Hypothesis 1. There will be significant difference between athlete and non-athlete with respect to self esteem. 2. T...
QUADRI SYED JAVEED
Competence based self-esteem (CBSE) refers to a disposition where an individual strives for self-worth by achievements to compensate a low basic self-esteem (BSE). This kind of self-attitude is linked to burnout. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of an 8-week mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention on self-ratings of CBSE, BSE, burnout and mindfulness. Four MBSR groups were enrolled and a total sample comprised 29 participants. Results of repeated measures ANO...
The purpose of this study was twofold. First, this study examined the influence of African American females' level of self-esteem on the mate-selection process. Secondly, this study was concerned with the influence of the level of self-esteem of African American females on valuing the mate-selection characteristics of interpersonal skills,…
The influence of self-esteem on the use of status considerations as determinants of interpersonal acceptance was studied for 356 male and 366 female Israeli junior high school students. Results suggest that individuals with high self-esteem may be more likely to see themselves as equals to higher status others. (SLD)
Hoffman, Michael; Schwarzwald, Joseph
In this study, the relation between levels of anxiety, self-esteem and subjective psychological well-being is analyzed in a Spanish sample of 28 fathers and 33 mothers of blind children. The results reveal a positive correlation between subjective psychological well-being and self-esteem, and a negative correlation between anxiety and subjective…
Sola-Carmona, Juan Jesus; Lopez-Liria, Remedios; Padilla-Gongora, David; Daza, Maria Teresa; Sanchez-Alcoba, Manuel Alejandro
Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have reported equivocal findings regarding the association between self-esteem, self-efficacy and adolescent alcohol use. Data were collected from a sample of 11-16-year olds in Northern Ireland (n = 4088) over two consecutive academic years measuring global self-esteem, academic, social and emotional…
McKay, Michael T.; Sumnall, Harry R.; Cole, Jon C.; Percy, Andrew
Examined lack of differences in general self-esteem between adolescents of ethnic minorities and Dutch adolescents, focusing on reflected appraisal process. Found significant relationship between general self-esteem and perceived evaluation of family members (and no such relationship with nonfamily members) for ethnic minority adolescents;…
Reports results from a nationwide sample in the Netherlands examining effects of minority status on Turkish adolescents. Finds that Turkish ethnicity did not significantly lower self-esteem. Reveals that (for both groups) body image had the greatest impact on self-esteem. Reports ethnic identity was more salient to Turks' self-concept than to…
There are differences of opinion about self-esteem enhancement in the classroom; these differences exist at both conceptual and practical levels. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether techniques employed by primary school teachers as a day-to-day part of their teaching can have measurable effects on the self-esteem of their pupils. Two…
Miller, David; Moran, Teresa
Studied the relationship between self-esteem and parenting style with 118 Vietnamese Australian and 120 Anglo-Australian adolescents. As expected, parenting characterized by high levels of overprotection and low levels of acceptance related negatively with self-esteem for both samples of adolescents. (SLD)
Herz, Lara; Gullone, Eleonora
This doctoral thesis contributes to the literature on self-efficacy and self-esteem and the relationship to a student's school, age, gender, ethnicity, GPA, paid and introductory pharmacy practice experiences in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. Graduates with a high level of self-efficacy and self-esteem are more desirable as…
Yorra, Mark L.
Empirical support for the association between childhood overweight and low self-esteem is equivocal. The present study investigated how weight, ethnicity, body esteem, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating attitudes/behaviors contribute to global and dimensional self-esteem in a non-clinical sample of Hispanic- and Anglo-American grade 3-6…
Erickson, Sarah J.; Hahn-Smith, Anne; Smith, Jane Ellen
According to the social-cognitive theory, students increase or decrease their self-efficacy and self-esteem based on previous performance, comparison with peers, and feedback from their learning environment. Similar studies have looked at self-efficacy and/or self-esteem; for example, a study was done at the University of Georgia in which they…
Edins, Cynthia A.
Full Text Available The study was focussed on the relationships between ethnic self-esteem and various indicators of intergroup attitudes in a representative sample of adult population of Estonia (N=1142. Attitudinal variables that discriminated most between persons with high and low ethnic self-esteem were identified. Among Estonians ethnic self-esteem was related to positive ingroup bias, readiness for outgroup contact, perceived threat from the outgroup, attitudes to non-Estonian minority, and attitudes toward minority integration. Among non-Estonians ethnic self-esteem was related to readiness for outgroup contact, ethnic sterotypes, and various attitudes towards minority integration. An attempt was made to reconstruct the system of intergroup attidues of prototypical persons with high and low ethnic selfesteem and to describe psychological implications of high and low ethnic self-esteem for members of majority and minority groups. Various theoretical models (social identity theory, integrated threat theory, social dominane theory were used for interpretation of the results.
Examines ethnic identity and its relation to personal self-esteem by comparing Chinese adolescents who immigrated to Canada and Canadian-born Chinese adolescents. Finds that aspects of collective self-esteem were positively related to personal self-esteem for the foreign-born group, not the Canadian-born group. (CMK)
Lay, Clarry; Verkuyten, Maykel
This study examined whether self-esteem mediated the association between peer relationships and internalizing problems (i.e., depression and social anxiety). A total of 7290 (3756 girls) adolescents (ages 13-18 years) completed self-report measures of peer relationships, including direct and indirect victimization, social isolation, friendship…
Bosacki, Sandra; Dane, Andrew; Marini, Zopito
The exploratory study presented in this article looks into the possible differences in psychosocial aspects (self-esteem and locus of control) and aspects of psychopathology (depression, anxiety, melancholia, asthenia, and mania) amongst sighted adults and adults with visual impairments. Moreover, the study aims to examine the possible…
Papadopoulos, Konstantinos; Paralikas, Theodosis; Barouti, Marialena; Chronopoulou, Elena
The study is an examination of the relationship between adolescents' self-reported and peer-reported self-esteem and how this relationship is affected by sex, race, and age variables. Significant sex and race variations interacted with age. Explanatory hypotheses for these findings are given. (Author/KC)
O'Donnell, William James
An analysis of the relevant literature reveals that most studies on self-esteem and hopelessness levels of repeating students examine levels of success and failure among students from various educational stages, with demographic variables such as socioeconomic characteristics, race, sex, and self-concept. There are few previous studies about the…
A study of 320 women, ages 21 to 69, explored the relations among relationship status, subjective age, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Women in married or partnered relationships had higher levels of life satisfaction than did single women. Women in their 30s and 40s had significantly lower levels of life satisfaction than did other age…
Borzumato-Gainey, Christine; Kennedy, Alison; McCabe, Beth; Degges-White, Suzanne
Numerous studies have tirelessly and comprehensively accounted for the effects of art as a recreational therapy on mental well-being. However, there has been no previous study on the use of TFA (Traditional Filipino Arts) in the form of "Puni" as an intervention in facilitating the enhancement of self-esteem of Filipino elderly in a penal…
de Guzman, Allan B.; Santos, Joel Ian M.; Santos, Maria Lourdes B.; Santos, Mark Timothy O.; Sarmiento, Vianney Vhon T.; Sarnillo, Edward John E.; Sarsagat, Jino Mart Erik D.
This experiment tested how self-views influence shame-induced aggression. One hundred and sixty-three young adolescents (M = 12.2 years) completed measures of narcissism and self-esteem. They lost to an ostensible opponent on a competitive task. In the shame condition, they were told that their opponent was bad, and they saw their own name at the…
Thomaes, Sander; Bushman, Brad J.; Stegge, Hedy; Olthof, Tjeert
Background: Materialistic values among today's adolescents have been a concern around the world, yet few studies concerning Chinese adolescents' materialistic values have been conducted. Additionally, the joint effects of parental rejection and self-esteem on materialistic values remain unclear. Objective: We examined materialistic…
Fu, Xinyuan; Kou, Yu; Yang, Ying
The research examined (a) girls' responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls' reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls ("M" = 16.3…
Ayres, Melanie M.; Leaper, Campbell
A growing literature suggests that stronger ethnic identity is associated with higher levels of self-esteem among Hispanic Americans. However, most studies employ a panethnic "Hispanic" category or focus on one ethnic group, leaving open the question of how different Hispanic groups compare in this association. In the framework of social identity…
Cislo, Andrew M.
This study aimed to investigate the effect of recreational activities on self-esteem development of girls in adolescence. For this purpose, a total of 20 girls in adolescence period took part in the present study. Recreational activities program included bowling, patenga, orienteering, basketball, volleyball, badminton, ping-pong, dance, fun…
Examined relationships between childhood workaholism and Type A behavior among fourth and fifth graders. Found no relationships between parent-rated Type A behaviors and children's self-perceived workaholism, self esteem, anxiety, or locus of control. Found no relationship between parental workaholism and child scores. Teachers' ratings related to…
Robinson, Bryan E.; Kelley, Lisa
The effects of reward and intrinsic motivation training on the creativity and self-esteem of 103 third graders were assessed. Creativity ratings revealed a main effect of reward and a marginally significant effect of intrinsic motivation training. Results were compared with earlier findings that intrinsic motivation training reverses the negative…
Gerrard, Lara Edwards; And Others
Intellectually gifted students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face unique academic and social challenges, yet little research has been conducted with this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the self-esteem and self-concept of intellectually gifted children with and without a coexisting diagnosis of ADHD.…
Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Rickels, Heather; Assouline, Susan G.; Richards, Allison
The aim of the study was to describe psychiatric caregivers' perceptions of self-esteem and activities for patients with long-term mental illness. The study design used a qualitative approach, based on an open lifeworld perspective. A total of 13 caregivers at four psychiatric hospital units in a large Swedish city were interviewed about their views on patients' physical activity and/or other pastimes, as well as their self-esteem and its bearing on the patients' well-being. According to the caregivers, it is up to the patients themselves to decide what they wish to occupy themselves with. In the same time the caregivers' opinions are that patients have difficulties to occupy themselves. The caregivers believe that patients' disability is based in a lack of self-esteem, commitment and capacity to realize their wishes. The caregivers in this study argue that activities are valuable for self-esteem and physical health of people with long-term mental illness. The caregivers consider that it is the patient's responsibility to initiate their needs of activities. This means that the caregivers do not use their knowledge about the importance of activities for the patient's health. Search terms: activity, caregivers, mental illness. PMID:22070619
Erdner, A; Magnusson, A
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine whether Body Mass Index (BMI) and the subjective perception of body weight, and body shape satisfaction predict level of self-esteem and depression among female college students. Method: The sample comprised of 124 female college students ranging in age from 16-21 years. Self perception of…
Latha, K. S.; Hegde, Supriya; Bhat, S. M.; Sharma, P. S. V. N.; Rai, Pooja
We investigated the relationship between parent support and peer support as predictors of depression and self-esteem in college students. Several competing models of parental and peer influence were compared including a mediational model in which peer support was hypothesized to mediate the effects of parental support on adjustment. The results…
Li, Susan Tinsley; Albert, Arielle Berman; Dwelle, Deborah G.
Depression and college stress, major concerns among undergraduates, are potentially related to self-esteem and mattering. This study investigated the interrelationships among these four variables. Participants included college students (199 males and 256 females) between the ages of 18 and 23. Significant sex differences were found with women…
Dixon, Sarah K.; Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson
Through this study the author investigates the relationship between self-esteem and emotional intelligence among B.Ed trainees of Tsunami affected coastal belt of Alappey district of Kerala, India. Stream of study, marital status and age based comparisons were made among the B.Ed trainees. 92 B.Ed trainees were the participants in the study. It…
Babu M, Sameer
Numerous articles have been written about the impact of community-based work and self-esteem, self-efficacy, and gardening in an educational environment. Empirical data suggest that when students have become involved in a group effort designed to improve a school, community, or society, a sense of interdependency and loyalty to that institution…
Hoffman, August John; Morales Knight, Luis F.; Wallach, Julie
Global self-worth and five domains of self-esteem (scholastic competence, athletic competence, physical appearance, behavioral conduct, social acceptance) were tested for measurement equivalence in a sample of Anglo American, Mexican American, African American, and Native American youth aged 9 through 14 years. The results revealed that global…
Michaels, Marcia L.; Barr, Alicia; Roosa, Mark W.; Knight, George P.
A multi-dimensional construct of self-esteem has been proposed and subjected to initial testing through design of a self-report instrument. Item clusters derived from Rao's canonical and principal axis factor analyses are consistent with the hypothesized construct and have substantial internal reliability. Factor analysis of item clusters produced…
Norem-Hebeisen, Ardyth A.
In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11-16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin…
Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga
Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between decision making styles, self-esteem and self-beliefs about decision- making ability and the differences linked to academic performance. A sample of 100 students split into two groups aged 15-16 years and 17-18 years participated in the study. All subjects compiled the Multidimensional Self-esteem Test (T.M.A. – Bracken, 1993 for the evaluation of academic success and competence of environmental control and How I Make my Choices (H.M.C. – Filippello et al., 2011, a structured interview, specifically designed to measure decision-making styles in two different contexts (school context vs. social context and decision-making self-efficacy (Low vs. High Self-efficacy in making decisions.The exploratory factor analysis reflects the theorized construction. Age and gender differences were found. Furthermore, as expected, low academic performance was associated with lower self-esteem, lower decision-making self-efficacy and more dysfunctional decision-making styles. Students with a high academic performance, instead, showed higher self-esteem, higher decision-making self-efficacy and more functional decision-making styles.Data encourages the use of H.M.C., not only in the research of personality but also for educational and counseling purposes.
The study investigates European American and Taiwanese grandmothers' folk theories of childrearing and self-esteem, building on an earlier comparison of mothers from the same families. Adopting methods that privilege local meanings, we bring grandmothers' voices into the conversation about childrearing, thereby contributing to a deeper…
Cho, Grace E.; Sandel, Todd L.; Miller, Peggy J.; Wang, Su-hua
Terror management theory (TMT; J. Greenberg, T. Pyszczynski, & S. Solomon, 1986) posits that people are motivated to pursue positive self-evaluations because self-esteem provides a buffer against the omnipresent potential for anxiety engendered by the uniquely human awareness of mortality. Empirical evidence relevant to the theory is reviewed…
Pyszczynsi, Tom; Greenberg, Jeff; Solomon, Sheldon; Arndt, Jamie; Schimel, Jeff
There is some empirical support for the person-centred hypothesis that self-esteem is positively associated with having a facilitative relationship. Rational emotive behaviour theory suggests such an association is more likely to occur in people holding the irrational belief that they must be approved by others while person-centred theory may…
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an attributional retraining program for helping upper-level undergraduates perform better in employment interviews as moderated by self-esteem levels. The sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students preparing for actual job interviews who were randomly assigned to an attributional…
Hall, Nathan C.; Jackson Gradt, Shannan E.; Goetz, Thomas; Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.
This study tested whether the gender intensification hypothesis applies to relations between multiple domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem. This hypothesis predicts gender-stereotypic differences in these relations and assumes they intensify with age. Furthermore, knowledge about gender-related or age-related differences in…
Arens, A. Katrin; Hasselhorn, Marcus
Introduction: Infertile couples often report quality-of-life impairments, especially in terms of sexuality, self-esteem and partnership quality. So far, there have been no systematic studies of the sex lives and behaviour of infertile women and men before and after the emergence of their mutual desire for a child. Materials and Methods: From February 2010 to August 2010 all couples starting treatment either at Heidelberg University's Women's Hospital or at the Fertility Center Berlin were asked to fill out the Self-Esteem and Relationship Questionnaire (SEAR). A total of n?=?158 women and n?=?153 men participated in the study. Results: Decreasing tendencies were observable for both partners in the domains Sexual Relationship Satisfaction and Confidence and in the subscales Self-Esteem and Overall Relationship Satisfaction. There were especially clear indications of a loss of spontaneous sexuality during the experience of infertility. We were also able to establish that infertility has a negative impact on women's self-esteem. Discussion: The results of this study indicate that SEAR can be used as a feasible instrument for identifying infertile women and men whose infertility has a negative effect on their relationship quality and/or sex lives. PMID:25221344
Wischmann, T; Schilling, K; Toth, B; Rösner, S; Strowitzki, T; Wohlfarth, K; Kentenich, H
Maslow's theory of a hierarchy of needs is used to analyze Navajo youths' struggles for identity, fulfillment, and self-esteem. Answers to the challenges of substance abuse, violence, and gang membership are offered based upon George Bearden's eight-step plan, which stresses the importance of understanding human needs to perceive and transform…
Full Text Available Bernadette McCosker, Carmen C MoranSchool of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, NSW, AustraliaBackground: In contrast with an early implicit “facilitative hypothesis” of humor, a revised specificity hypothesis predicts that the benefits of humor depend on the specific style of humor used. Information on predictors of these humor styles in turn enhances the ability to predict the effect on well-being.Methods: We examined the relationships between interpersonal competence, self-esteem, and different styles of humor, while also examining the contributions of age and gender. Participants (n = 201 aged 18–63 years completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire, and the Humor Styles Questionnaire, and gave demographic information.Results: High self-esteem was associated with higher use of affiliative, aggressive, and self-enhancing humor styles, but lower use of self-defeating humor. High interpersonal competence predicted greater use of affiliative humor, whereas low interpersonal competence predicted greater use of aggressive humor. Further analyses showed that initiation competence predicted affiliative humor (positively but both initiation competence (positively and conflict management competence (negatively predicted aggressive humor.Conclusion: The findings that both self-esteem and initiation competence contribute to use of aggressive humor add to knowledge of who is likely to use this potentially harmful humor style. We conclude that a readiness to initiate humorous interactions is not on its own a general and positive attribute contributing to “good” humor.Keywords: self-esteem, interpersonal competence, humor styles, differential effects
Ergenlerin Benlik Sayg?s? ve Sosyal Kayg? Düzeyleri Aras?ndaki ?li?ki ve Ki?isel De?i?kenlerin Etkileri The Relation Between Self-Esteem And Social Anxiety Levels Of Adolescents And The Effects Of Personal Variables
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of adolescents. Besides, the effects of gender, perceived self-image, perceived school success, attending leisure time activities, having a peer group, having a special friend were investigated. The sample consisted of 300 adolescents, 152 girl, 148 boy by random sampling method. Data were collected by Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory and Social Anxiety Scale with a questionnaire developed by the researchers to gather personal information. Data were analysed by using SPSS 15 statistical programme, with non-parametric techniques as Mann – Whitney U ve Kruskal – Wallis H and Spearman Brown correlation test. Results showed that there is a negative medium level relation between the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of the adolescents. According to the results, the self-esteem and the social anxiety levels of the adolescents don’t differ according to gender and having a special friend. Perceived self-image is found to be effective on the self-esteem levels, general social anxiety levels of adolescents and also is found to be effective on social avoidance, being criticized anxiety and worthlessness levels. Perceived school success is found to be effective on the self-esteem levels of the adolescents. Attending leisure time activities is found to be effective on general social anxiety levels of the adolescents and also is found to be effective on social avoidance and being criticized anxiety levels of the adolescents. Having a peer group is found to be effective on the self-esteem levels of adolescents and also is found to be effective on general social anxiety levels, on the social avoidance and worthlessness levels of adolescents.
Findings are reported from a study of an innovative Multiple Heritage Service in Sheffield (UK) which provides, inter alia, individual mentoring for young people and school-based group sessions on cultural heritage, dealing with racism and enhancing well-being. Group work, undertaken between November 2005 and December 2006, was evaluated by a before/after design with 43 children aged from 8 to 15 attending five different groups (response rate 77%), using three well-established and validated measures. There were improvements on the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale from 31.4 to 33.0 (P = 0.005) with more improvement among younger children and boys (P = 0.004 and P = 0.001); and well-being as measured by the GHQ12 improved from 1.5 to 0.8 (P = 0.111) with more improvement among older children (P = 0.026). On the third measure of problem behaviour (the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire), there was an improvement from 12.4 to 12.1 (P = 0.716), but there was no improvement at all for girls. Mentoring was evaluated by telephone interviews between June and October 2006 with 14 mothers whose children had just completed, or were nearing completion of, mentoring (response rate 70%). Overall, the mothers' evaluations were highly positive: two-thirds commended the service on the positive impact on their children's well-being and happiness (including all the mothers of daughters); a half reported positive impacts on identity; mothers commended the positive role model effect same-sex mentors had on their children's behaviour; but only a third said mentoring had boosted their children's self-esteem. PMID:18328052
Phillips, David; Hagan, Teresa; Bodfield, Emma; Woodthorpe, Kate; Grimsley, Mike
One troubling aspect of membership in a stigmatized group is that negative stereotypes about the group's performance affect one's personal performance (i.e., stereotype threat). Women who are made aware of the negative stereotype that "women are bad at math" perform worse than women who are not made aware of this stereotype. However, women can use an "escape hatch" to avoid stereotype threat by identifying with another social identity (i.e., college students) that has positive stereotypes for math performance and having greater feelings of self-worth. This research shows that women who had greater self-esteem and were presented with an alternative, positive social identity were buffered from stereotype threat by eliminating working memory decrements responsible for poor math performance. Women lower in self-esteem, however, did not benefit from a positive, alternative social identity when it was available and thus fell prey to stereotype-based working memory and performance decrements. PMID:20032273
Rydell, Robert J; Boucher, Kathryn L
Full Text Available This paper reports an action research into how teaching and researching program for Iranian Kurdish students could positively change the state of their self-esteem. The study aimed to implement and evaluate the teaching of two side-by-side courses: Persian pronunciation and life skill teaching programs, as well as to identify the benefits for the students. Data collected in different ways: reflective reports, focused interviews, diaries of the participants, and observation analysis of the researchers and the observers. Findings identified the success of the teaching program and revealed substantial benefits for the students. Although the project had, some limitations but the findings provided support for the hypothesis. It is suggested that the collaboration between psychological and phonological teaching courses offers a potential model for developing healthy self-esteem to similar students.
Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the influence of leader-member exchange (LMX from the perspectives of superior as well as subordinates on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB. Self-esteem was also examined as a mediator variable. Data were gathered from a sample of 300 non-supervisory employees and their 118 superiors, that represented banking organizations situated in the Klang Valley of Malaysia. The analysis indicated that superior-LMX had positive impact on OCB, but the impact of subordinate-LMX was not significant. Contrary to what was hypothesized, self-esteem did not influence both superior-LMX and subordinate-LMX relationships with OCB. Key implications of the survey findings both for theory and for practice are discussed, potential limitations are specified, and directions for future research are suggested.
Noormala Amir Ishak
Full Text Available Organizational identification can explain various employees’ attitudes, so that it is thought to be a root construct in organizational phenomena. Although organizational identification means process, no previous studies have focused on the process by which organizational identification is developed. This study reveals the mechanisms involved in developing organizational identification. For this paper, a model was constructed from the perspective of Bandura’s modeling theory. Three hypotheses emerged: (1 Organizational socialization influences organizational identification positively, (2 collective self-esteem influences organizational identification positively, and (3 organizational socialization influences collective self-esteem positively. These were tested by means of SEM. Through this model, this paper demonstrates a new process of organizational identification via a new perspective.
Abstract The research problem focused on Deaf learners? self esteem and perceived academic competences, the relationship between self esteem and perceived academic competence of Deaf learners in special schools triggered by the fact that Deaf learners in special schools in Uganda have had relatively low academic competences. The Cultural Nature of Human Development theory formed the basis of the present study was among the minority community (Deaf people) and therefore, issues of culture, pr...
The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothetical hierarchical relationship between self-efficacy, physical self and global self-esteem, in groups with and without physical disability as well as gender and condition between groups. A second purpose was to assess the influence of independent variables, such as time and frequency of sport involvement, on self-efficacy, physical competence and global self-esteem for each of the groups studied. Participants were 193 basketball players, 59 ...
Ferreira, J. P.; Gaspar, P. M.; Campos, M. J.; Senra, C. M.
This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘...
Hakan Sar?çam; Elifcan Y?lmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak
Personality research among athletes seems to have obtained less interest in recent years after much focus until the 1990s. This decline was obviously a result of ill conducted “personology” research, and a greater focus on psychological state versus trait in the sport psychology community. The present study explored personality dimensions, as measured by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, passion, self-esteem, and well-being among junior elite athletes. In addition, the athle...
Athletics is the most prominent extracurricular activity in U.S. secondary schools in terms of student participation and school budgets. The latter is often justified on the grounds that healthy bodies produce healthy minds, that school sports boost school spirit, and that participation in school-based sports increases students’ self-esteem. In this article we examine the interrelationships among participation in a school-based sport and the benefits assumed to be associated with it. Specif...
Tracy, Allison J.; Erkut, Sumru
The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an attributional retraining program for helping upper-level undergraduates perform better in employment interviews as moderated by self-esteem levels. The sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students preparing for actual job interviews who were randomly assigned to an attributional retraining condition (controllable attribution focus) or control condition (communication skills focus). Dependent measures included interview-related attr...
Hall, Nathan C.; Gradt, Shannan E. Jackson; Go?tz, Thomas; Musu-gillette, Lauren E.
Affective factors are universally acknowledged to play an important role in Second Language Acquisition, but those factors, with a rather wide range, have to be tested one by one so that how relevant each one is to SLA can be discovered. The present study focuses on one of them – self-esteem, which is believed an influential factor in affective domain. Through a case study, complete with questionnaires and interviews, it is believed that there is no relevant proof that the positive globa...
Li, Dongfeng; Li, He
The paper aims to reconcile different explanations (and consequences) of the motivation crowding theory in a unique theoretical framework where the locus of control is introduced in a one period maximisation problem and the intrinsic motivation is assumed as an exogenous psychological attitude. The analysis is based on the distinction among different types of objectives of the intrinsic motivation. For each type of objective, the different role of self esteem and self determination mechanisms...
Chien-Shu Wang,1 Jo Yung-Wei Wu,2 Wei-Chung Chang,3 Shu-Ping Chuang1 1Department of Psychiatry, Zuoying Branch of Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 2Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 3Hsin-Jia Psychotherapy Clinic, Taitung County, Taiwan Aim: The study aimed to investigate the relationship among sociodemographic factors, neurocognitive factors, self-esteem, and health locus of control in patients...
Cs, Wang; Jyw, Wu; Wc, Chang; Sp, Chuang
This study discusses the effects on the self-image/self-esteem of institutionalized elderly people of a program of systematic physical exercises. The elderly people that participated in this study live at SEOVE (the nursing home studied) in Florianópolis, Brazil. They were divided into two groups, an experimental group (n = 15) and a control group (n = 12) and underwent a pre-test. The experimental group followed a program of physical exercise with a frequency of 3 60-minute sessions per wee...
Lúcia Takase Gonçalves; Edio Luiz Petroski; Tânia Bertoldo Benedetti
OBJECTIVES To study the effects of the quality of life (QoL) improvement on their QoL and self-esteem. METHODS This was a random controlled clinical trial study on 123 type 2 diabetes patients admitted to the Diabetes Clinic in Imam Khomeini Hospital at Ardebil, Iran from April 2009 to June 2010. The 30-70 years old participants are afflicted with type 2 diabetes, and randomly divided into 2 groups (experimental group n=61, and control ...
Mahboubeh Safavi; Nasrin Samadi; Mahmood Mahmoodi
This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. While family system theory is typically used in trying counseling and therapy, much can be learned from examining it by studying the relationship between deaf children and their mothers. Family systems theory has been used in trying to understand problems of communication between children and their families (Widerman, 1995). In general, ...
Effat Hamed Sardar; Rusnani Abdul Kadir
This 2-year prospective study examined the exercise and self-esteem model in middle-aged women (N = 143) previously enrolled in a randomized controlled exercise trial. Across the 2-year period, increases in physical activity (PA) and self-efficacy and reductions in body mass index (BMI) were associated with improved subdomain self-perceptions relative to physical condition, and reductions in BMI were associated with improved subdomain self-perceptions relative to physical condition and body a...
The study investigated the effects of Mentoring and Assertiveness Training on Adolescents’ self-esteem in Lagos State secondary schools. A total of 96 adolescents (48males and 48 females) drawn from three public schools randomly selected from three Education Districts in Lagos State constituted the final sample. The dependent variables for this study were self-worth and gender. Descriptive survey and quasi-experimental design using the pre-test post-test control group design were adopted fo...
Makinde, Bola O.; Akin Jonathan Akinteye
The authors examined the development of self-esteem across the life span. Data came from a German longitudinal study with 3 assessments across 4 years of a sample of 2,509 individuals ages 14 to 89 years. The self-esteem measure used showed strong measurement invariance across assessments and birth cohorts. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that self-esteem follows a quadratic trajectory across the life span, increasing during adolescence, young adulthood, and middle adulthood, reaching a peak at age 60 years, and then declining in old age. No cohort effects on average levels of self-esteem or on the shape of the trajectory were found. Moreover, the trajectory did not differ across gender, level of education, or for individuals who had lived continuously in West versus East Germany (i.e., the 2 parts of Germany that had been separate states from 1949 to 1990). However, the results suggested that employment status, household income, and satisfaction in the domains of work, relationships, and health contribute to a more positive life span trajectory of self-esteem. The findings have significant implications, because they call attention to developmental stages in which individuals may be vulnerable because of low self-esteem (such as adolescence and old age) and to factors that predict successful versus problematic developmental trajectories. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25485608
Orth, Ulrich; Maes, Jürgen; Schmitt, Manfred
Two experiments examine how experimentally induced differences in state self-esteem moderate emotional and behavioural responses to ambiguous and unambiguous discrimination. Study 1 (N=108) showed that participants who were exposed to ambiguous discrimination report more negative self-directed emotions when they have low compared to high self-esteem. These differences did not emerge when participants were exposed to unambiguous discrimination. Study 2 (N=118) additionally revealed that self-esteem moderated the effect of ambiguous discrimination on self-concern, task performance, and self-stereotyping. Results show that ambiguous discrimination caused participants with low self-esteem to report more negative self-directed emotions, more self-concern, an inferior task performance, and more self-stereotyping, compared to participants in the high self-esteem condition. Emotional and behavioural responses to unambiguous discrimination did not depend on the induced level of self-esteem in these studies. PMID:19364442
Cihangir, Sezgin; Barreto, Manuela; Ellemers, Naomi
Background: Physical self-concept and physical self-esteem are important sources of general self-esteem and overall health. Evidence indicates that exercise leads to an enhancement in physical self-concept and physical self-esteem. Until now however, it remained unclear whether the beneficial effects of exercise were impacted by different types of exercise environments. Thus, the purpose of this study was to experimentally investigate, whether the presence or absence of an instructor or other...
Jens Kleinert; Fabian Pels; Leslie Podlog
Influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico de estudiantes universitarios chilenos / Self-esteem, Perceived Social Support and Psychological Well- being of Chilean University Students
Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio, de tipo correlacional transeccional, examinó la influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico, en una muestra de 450 estudiantes de ambos sexos de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile, quienes respondieron las Escalas de Autoestima de Ros [...] enberg, de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff y el Cuestionario de Apoyo Social Percibido. Se encontró que la autoestima tenía una influencia mayor sobre el bienestar psicológico que el apoyo social percibido. Aunque no hubo diferencias de sexo en el bienestar psicológico global, se observaron diferencias a favor de los hombres en las dimensiones de autoaceptación y autonomía, y a favor de las mujeres, en crecimiento personal, así como diferencias a favor de los hombres en autoestima y a favor de las mujeres en apoyo social percibido. Abstract in english This correlational and cross-sectional study examined the relationships of psychological well-being with self-esteem and perceived social support in 450 male and female students from the University of Concepción (Chile). Individuals completed de Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Perceived Social Supp [...] ort Questionnaire and the Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scales. It was found that self-esteem had a higher influence on psychological well-being than perceived social support. There were not significant gender differences in general psychological well-being, but men reported higher self acceptance and autonomy, while women reported higher personal growth. It was also found that men reported greater self-esteem and women reported greater perceived social support.
Enrique, Barra Almagia.
Masculinity has been found to predict the sexual prejudice of heterosexual men against gay men. The present study investigated the role of four variables as moderators of the relationships between two masculinity constructs (endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology and gender role conflict) and sexual prejudice in men. The hypothesized moderators were: direct and indirect friendships with gay men, gender self-esteem, acknowledged same-sex attraction, and religious fundamentalism. A total of 383 men completed 8 scales plus a demographic questionnaire. Direct friendship strengthened the positive relationship between masculinity ideology and sexual prejudice, contrary to hypothesis. This finding could mean that high masculinity ideology scores reduced the likelihood that a man with many gay friends would let go of his prejudice. Direct friendship did not moderate the relationship between gender role conflict and sexual prejudice nor did indirect friendship moderate either relationship; however, both forms of friendship predicted prejudice, as hypothesized. Gender self-esteem strengthened the positive relationships between both masculinity variables and sexual prejudice as hypothesized. Same-sex attraction weakened the relationship between gender role conflict and sexual prejudice as hypothesized, but contrary to hypothesis did not moderate the relationship between masculinity ideology and sexual prejudice. Religious fundamentalism predicted prejudice, but showed no significant moderation. The results were discussed in terms of limitations and suggestions for future research and application. In conclusion, this line of investigation appears promising and should be continued and the present findings can be utilized in anti-prejudice social marketing campaigns and in counseling. PMID:24481497
Mellinger, Christopher; Levant, Ronald F
Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between the self esteem and the anxiety levels of children between the age 9-13 whose parents had divorced and the same range of whom are not divorced. The sample consisted of 308 students (175 girls, 133 boys who were 9-13 years old among 17 primary schools. In this research, Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory For Children (STAIC and individual’s information their families` characteristic information prepared by researcher were used as a scale instrument. Research data was done by using the correlation method “t” test, “F” test and “scheffe” test. The results of the study indicates that there are the meaningful differences between the self esteems and the anxiety levels of children whose parents had divorced and the same range of whom are not divorced Also it was determined that the girl ones whose parents are not divorced are more anxiety than the boy ones whose parents are not divorced and again the self esteem levels of children the age 9 whose parents are not divorced are higher than the age 11 whose parents are not divorced.
Nergüz BULUT SER?N
The present study examined the relative contributions of self-compassion, fear of self-compassion, and self-esteem in eating disorder pathology. One-hundred and fifty-five female undergraduate students and 97 females entering eating disorder treatment completed the Self-Compassion Scale, Fears of Compassion Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, and Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire. T-tests revealed that the patient group had lower mean self-compassion and higher mean fear of self-compassion than the student group. When controlling for self-esteem, high fear of self-compassion emerged as the strongest predictor of eating disorder pathology in the patient group, whereas low self-compassion was the strongest predictor in the student group. These preliminary results suggest that targeting fear of self-compassion may be important when intervening with individuals suffering from an eating disorder, whereas building self-compassion may be a valuable approach for eating disorder prevention. PMID:25064287
Kelly, Allison C; Vimalakanthan, Kiruthiha; Carter, Jacqueline C
Relatively few studies have focused on the connections between self-esteem and basic personality dimensions. The purpose of the present studies was to examine whether self-esteem level and self-esteem instability were associated with the Big Five personality dimensions and whether self-esteem instability moderated the associations that self-esteem level had with these personality features. This was accomplished by conducting a series of studies that included samples from the United States, Israel, and China. Across these studies, self-esteem level was associated with high levels of extraversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness, whereas self-esteem instability was associated with low levels of emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Individuals with stable high self-esteem reported the highest levels of emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, whereas those with stable low self-esteem had the lowest levels of openness. The results of these studies suggest that feelings of self-worth are associated with self-reported and perceived personality features. PMID:25416044
Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Holden, Christopher J; Enjaian, Brian; Southard, Ashton C; Besser, Avi; Li, Haijiang; Zhang, Qinglin
Full Text Available Abstract Background Cellular phone use (CPU is an important part of life for many adolescents. However, problematic CPU may complicate physiological and psychological problems. The aim of our study was to examine the associations between problematic CPU and a series of risky behaviors and low self-esteem in Taiwanese adolescents. Methods A total of 11,111 adolescent students in Southern Taiwan were randomly selected into this study. We used the Problematic Cellular Phone Use Questionnaire to identify the adolescents with problematic CPU. Meanwhile, a series of risky behaviors and self-esteem were evaluated. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were employed to examine the associations between problematic CPU and risky behaviors and low self-esteem regarding gender and age. Results The results indicated that positive associations were found between problematic CPU and aggression, insomnia, smoking cigarettes, suicidal tendencies, and low self-esteem in all groups with different sexes and ages. However, gender and age differences existed in the associations between problematic CPU and suspension from school, criminal records, tattooing, short nocturnal sleep duration, unprotected sex, illicit drugs use, drinking alcohol and chewing betel nuts. Conclusions There were positive associations between problematic CPU and a series of risky behaviors and low self-esteem in Taiwanese adolescents. It is worthy for parents and mental health professionals to pay attention to adolescents' problematic CPU.
Full Text Available Background: Intimate partner violence is a significant and serious public health problem. It adversely affects the health and self esteem of abused women.Objective: To investigate and compare self-esteem, coping methods and general health in women who have experienced partner violence living in the Northeast region of Thailand.Methodology: The study was carried out at two sites: a primary care unit, and a drug treatment center. Women who showed abuse indicators based on the abuse indicator screening questionnaire received counseling from a nurse who was trained on the assessment of and care for women who had experienced intimate partner violence. Evaluations of abused women’s self-esteem, coping, and general health were carried out before and after counseling.Results: Seventeen women reported having experienced partner violence and had displayed at one time or another indicator symptoms such as headaches, stomach pain, weakness, anxiety and depression. After receiving counseling, abused women showed better self-esteem (t = -4.80, p<0.001 and improved health status according to the General Health Questionnaire (z = -3.09, p<0.01. In addition, they felt the need to use less avoidance coping strategies (z = 9.19, p<0.01 with a better approach to coping styles (z = -2.59, p<0.01.Conclusions: Nurses trained in counseling can help improve the health of abused women, raise their self-esteem and encourage them to use the proper coping strategies.
Comportamento assertivo e sua relação com ansiedade, locus de controle e auto-estima em estudantes universitários / Assertive behavior and its relation to anxiety, locus of control and self esteem in undergraduate students
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram estudados o comportamento assertivo e sua relação com ansiedade, locus de controle e auto-estima. Participou da pesquisa uma amostra aleatória de 135 universitários, de ambos os sexos, com idade média de 25 anos. Foram aplicadas as escalas de assertividade de Rathus, locus de controle de Leven [...] son, auto-estima de Dela Coleta e a escala de ansiedade IDATE-traço. Os resultados indicaram que os estudantes da área de ciências exatas apresentaram escores mais elevados de assertividade e de auto-estima e escores menos elevados de ansiedade do que os de ciências humanas. Não houve diferença significativa de gênero. Os resultados mostraram uma correlação positiva significativa entre os escores de assertividade e o grau de internalidade (r=0,23) e de auto-estima (r=0,54). Constatou-se ainda uma correlação negativa significativa entre assertividade e grau de ansiedade (r=-0,55). Esses resultados confirmam dados da literatura, indicando que o comportamento assertivo está relacionado à baixa ansiedade e à alta internalidade e à alta auto-estima, com implicações para o treinamento do comportamento assertivo. Abstract in english The assertive behavior and its relation to the anxiety, locus of control and self esteem have been evaluated. This study sample was random by selected and composed by 135 undergraduate students, 25 years old in average, male or female. The subjects had filled in the following scales: Rathus' asserti [...] ve scale, Levensons' locus of control scale, IDATE-trace anxiety scale and Dela Coleta self esteem scale. Results have indicated that students from Science area presented higher assertiveness and self esteem scores, and lower anxiety scores than students from Social Sciences. No gender differences were observed. Results showed that the assertive behavior was positively correlated with internal locus of control (r=0.23) and positive self esteem (r=0.54). It was also obtained a significant negative correlation between assertiveness and anxiety (r=0.055). These results replicated data from other researches, indicating the importance of a low level of anxiety and high level of internality and self esteem for assertive behavior and its implication for social skills training.
Marina, Bandeira; Maria Amélia Cesari, Quaglia; Lívia da Silva, Bachetti; Tatiana Lourençoni, Ferreira; Grasiela Gomide de, Souza.
Full Text Available Introduction: A successful leader must have high self-esteem. The main aims of this study were to identify changes in the self-esteem of nurse leaders in Slovenia from 2001 to 2011 and to determine homogeneous groups of leaders with similar personal characteristics.Methods: The study used a version of a personal characteristics questionnaire with 16 self-descriptive statements. Two surveys were conducted among nurse leaders in Slovenian public hospitals, one in 2001 and the other in 2011. Relationships between variables were analysed using chi-square tests for categorical variables and the one-way analysis of variance for quantifiable variables. Factor analysis was used to determine groups of leaders with similar personal characteristics.Results: A total of 327 nurse leaders participated in the survey in 2001 and 296 filled in questionnaires in 2011. The analysis showed that the level of self-assessment of personal characteristics among nurse leaders in Slovenian public hospitals was significantly higher in 2011 than in 2001, and that differences among individual leaders decreased in most areas. Based on the assessments of personal characteristics, four groups of nurse leaders were established: task-oriented, knowledge and creativity oriented, relationship oriented and extroverted nurse leaders. In the 2011 data, the groups of personal characteristics were much more clearly defined. These groups were established in accordance with leadership theory and research from other fields.Conclusions: The positive effects of better education and training are visible in nurse leaders in terms of both their higher self-esteem and in the establishment of more homogeneous groups of leaders.
Association of sociodemographic and clinical factors with the self-image and self-esteem of individuals with intestinal stoma / Assoiação dos fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos à autoimagem e autoestima dos indivíduos com estoma intestinal
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos e correlacioná-los à autoimagem e autoestima. Métodos: Estudo realizado no Polo dos Estomizados de Pouso Alegre. Os dados foram coletados entre dezembro de 2012 e maio de 2013. A amostra foi por não probabilística, por conveniência. Para c [...] oleta de dados, foram utilizadas a Escala de Autoestima Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM e a escala BodyInvestmentScale. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes do Qui-quadrado e de Kruskal-Wallise a correlação de Spearman. Foram considerados os níveis de significância 5% (p ? 0,05). Resultados: Os participantes apresentaram a média de 10,81 na Escala de Autoestima Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM. Com relaação à escala BodyInvestmentScale, a média do escore total foi 38,79; a médianos domínios imagem corporal foi de 7,74 e no toque pessoal, 21,31. Ao comparamos os dados relacionados ao estoma e sociodemográficos com a Escala de Autoestima Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM e com escala BodyInvestmentScale, percebemos que todos os pacientes apresentaram queda na autoestima e na autoimagem. Os indivíduos estavam na faixa etária acima de 60 anos, sexo masculino, eram aposentados e casados e não participavam de grupo de apoio/associação. Com relação às características do estoma, os indivíduos com colostomia permanente tinham como causas da realização do estoma doença inflamatória e neoplasia; os estomas mensuravam entre 20 a 40 mm; eles utilizavam dispositivo com duas peças. Pessoas que não foram comunicadas de que iriam ser submetidas ao estoma, e em que não foi realizada a demarcação apresentaram piora na autoestima e na autoimagem com relação às outras características relacionadas à lesão e às sociodemográficas. Conclusão: Pacientes que participaram deste estudo apresentaram baixa na autoimagem e autoestima em todas as características do estoma e nos dados sociodemográficos, significando que esses indivíduos tinham sentimentos negativos em relação ao próprio corpo. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic factors and correlate them to the self-image and self-esteem. Methods: A study conducted at Ostomy Pole of PousoAlegre. The data were collected between December 2012 and May 2013. This was a non-probabilistic, by convenience, sample. For da [...] ta collection, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP-EPM and Body Investment Scale were used. For statistical analysis, chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation were used. Levels of significance of 5% (p ? 0.05) were considered. Results: Participants had a mean score of 10.81 in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP. Regarding Body Investment Scale results, the mean total score was 38.79; the mean in the domain of body image was 7.74, and for personal touch, 21.31. When comparing data related to the stoma and sociodemographic profiles with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP and Body Investment Scale, we realize that all patients demonstrated a decrease in self-esteem and self-image. Individuals were over 60 years old, male, retired, married and were not participants in support group/association. With regard to the characteristics of the stoma, those permanent colostomized had as causes of stoma implementation inflammatory disease and neoplasia; stomata measured between 20 and 40 mm; these people used two-piece devices. People who have not been notified that would be subjected to the stoma and in whom no demarcation was done showed worsening in self-esteem and self-image in relation to other features related to injury and sociodemographic data. Conclusion: Patients who participated in this study had low self-image and self-esteem in all characteristics of the stoma and in sociodemographic data, meaning that these individuals had negative feelings about their own bodies.
Geraldo Magela, Salomé; Sergio Aguinaldo de, Almeida.
Full Text Available Este artículo analiza, desde una perspectiva historica, los acontecimientos vividos en el desarrollo de la enfermería como profesión y sus efectos en la autoestima profesional de las enfermeras, en primera instancia como encargadas del cuidado, y más tarde como enfermeras, realizando una reflexión crítica sobre los hechos que marcaron la práctica de enfermería en cada una de las etapas de su evolución histórica como profesión, esto es: la doméstica, la vocacional, la técnica y la profesional, y cómo estos hechos pudieron incidir y aún repercuten en el desarrollo de la autoestima profesional. Se analizan las principales problemáticas que de cada etapa se derivan, y luego se presentan algunas alternativas de cambio para mejorar la situación expuesta.This article analyses from an historical perspective life experienced events in nursing and their effects in professional self esteem, first as caregivers and later as nurses. The article critically reflects about facts that stamped the practice of nursing during every one of its historical evolution phases: domestic, vocational, technical and professional; and how those facts could have influenced and how still influence the development of professional self- esteem. The principal problems of each phase are analysed in order to present some change proposals to improve the situations considered.
Alexandra Torres A
This research project focused on the influence of animal-assisted play therapy on the self-esteem of adolescents with special needs. The goal of this study was to ascertain whether principles of animal-assisted play therapy from the gestalt approach would enhance the self-esteem of adolescents with special needs. In order to achieve this goal, the following objectives were set out: to create a theoretical knowledge base through a literature study and consultation with experts, to conduct an e...
Sentoo, Gail Soobrayan
The mental health of the elderly is an important issue in the area of health psychology. This study investigated the effect of intergeneration social support on the subjective well-being of 429 elderly participants. Results suggested that intergeneration social support, self-esteem, and loneliness were significantly correlated to subjective well-being. Structural equation modeling indicated that self-esteem and loneliness partially mediated the effect of intergeneration social support on subjective well-being. These findings provided insights into the effect of intergeneration social support on the subjective well-being of the elderly. PMID:25205776
The novelty and urgency of this work is dictated by the fact that there are not much research work dedicated to the Lithuanian pre-school and primary school children popularity and self-esteem comparative analysis. The purpose of the work was to establish find the connections (relationships) between the popularity and stimulation of self-esteem in the children of same age of pre-school groups and primary school classes. The following methods were used in the study: scientific literature analy...
Full Text Available Using a nationally representative data of rural adolescent boys and girls in 10th grade through 12th grade, this study explored the mediating effects of self-esteem and delinquency on the educational achievement of rural adolescents. Structural equation modeling analyses reveal that the combination of self-esteem and delinquency completely mediates the influence of family social capital on educational achievement. The findings of the models make a compelling case that the impact of family processes on educational achievement is indirect rather than direct.
Omolola Abiola Adedokun
Examined efficacy of group counseling for adolescents from divorced families, investigating effects of participation in group sessions on adolescents' self-esteem and locus of control orientation. Results indicated that, compared to controls (N=30), program participants (N=30) had higher post-test levels of self-esteem and possessed a more…
Omizo, Michael M.; Omizo, Sharon A.
Studied the relationship between self-esteem and delinquency using latent growth curve modeling. Analyses of panel data for 2,213 adolescent boys from the Youth in Transition Study supported Kaplan's self-derogation theory of delinquency (H. Kaplan, 1978) by showing that delinquency was positively associated with growth in self-esteem among…
Mason, W. Alex
This article considers links between self-esteem and resilience, and suggests implications for teachers and schools. A two-dimensional model of self-esteem is employed as a theoretical framework to revisit a range of factors frequently associated with internal resilience. It is argued that because of the way in which self-referent characteristics…
Miller, David; Daniel, Brigid
Full Text Available Self-esteem is considered a key psychological component of quality of life and personal well-being and has even been proposed as an area of intervention to improve the quality of life in the elderly population. The aim of this study was to analyze self-esteem in people over 65 years old who engaged in sports and physical activities or not. The sample consisted of 184 people; 92 engaged in physical activity and sports and 92 did not. We applied a battery of questionnaires to determine socio-demographic characteristics, the frequency and duration of physical activity and sports, and level of self-esteem. The results show that older people who engage in physical activity and sports have a higher level of self-esteem than those who do not. Based on a program of activities and collective methodologies, other studies have shown a positive relationship between self-esteem and physical activity.
Alfonso Javier García
AUTOESTIMA EN ESTUDIANTES DE PRIMER SEMESTRE DEL PROGRAMA DE PSICOLOGÍA DE UNA UNIVERSIDAD PRIVADA DE LA COSTA CARIBE COLOMBIANA -- SELF-ESTEEM OF FIRST-SEMESTER STUDENT FROM THE PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM AT A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN COAST
Studied the level of self-esteem of students entering first semester psychology program, to then determine the effect of an intervention plan, and that self-esteem directly influences then behavior of individuals, will put the question: Which is the level of self-esteem in young people who enter the program in psychology?; for this descriptive study was organized with 128 university students of differents sexes. They were selected intencionally and were applied Coopersmith self esteem invento...
Lilia Campo Ternera, Ange?lica; YADIRA MARTÍNEZ DE BIAVA
Self-esteem, social support perception and seizure controllability perception in adolescents with epilepsy / Autoestima, percepção de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade de crises em adolescentes com epilepsia
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Comparar a autoestima de adolescentes com epilepsia e adolescentes sem epilepsia e relacioná-la com percepção de suporte social e controlabilidade de crises. MÉTODO: A amostra do estudo consiste: grupo caso (34 sujeitos) atendidos no ambulatório de epilepsia infantil do Hospital Universitá [...] rio e grupo controle (30 indivíduos) de escolas públicas de Campinas-SP. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: cartão de identificação com dados demográficos e de epilepsia, entrevista semiestruturada sobre os aspectos da doença e Escala Multidimensional de autoestima. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos, mas a maioria dos adolescentes com epilepsia apresentou maior pontuação de autoestima, conhecimento sobre epilepsia, altos níveis de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises. Não houve relação significativa entre suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises com a autoestima. CONCLUSÃO: Conhecimento sobre a epilepsia, percepção de apoio social assim como boa controlabilidade de crises parecem ser contingências importantes para uma melhor avaliação da autoestima em adolescentes com epilepsia. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Compare the self-esteem of adolescents with epilepsy and adolescents without epilepsy and relate it to social support and seizure controllability perception. METHOD: The study sample consisted: case participants (34 subjects) attending the pediatric epilepsy clinic of University Hospital [...] and control participants (30 subjects) from public schools in Campinas-SP. The instruments utilized were: identification card with demographic and epilepsy data, a semi-structured interview on aspects of the disease, and a Self-Esteem Multidimensional Scale. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups but majority of adolescents with epilepsy presented higher self esteem rate, have knowledge about epilepsy, presented high levels of social support and seizure controllability perception. There was no significant relationship between social support and seizure controllability perception with self-esteem. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about epilepsy, social support such good controllability seizure perception seem are important contingencies for a better evaluation of self esteem in adolescents with epilepsy.
Nathália F., Siqueira; Marilisa Mantovani, Guerreiro; Elisabete Abib Pedroso de, Souza.
Previous studies on self-esteem development show substantial changes as well as interindividual differences in change from adolescence to young adulthood. However, the processes underlying these developmental trajectories are still not well understood. The aim of the present study was to shed light on the macro- and microprocesses of self-esteem development. We investigated a sample of 876 German high school students (M = 16.0 years at Time 1) participating in an international exchange year. Exchange students provided 3 waves of trait self-esteem data (shortly before they departed, immediately after return, and 1 year later), as well as 9 monthly state measures of self-esteem and social inclusion during their stay abroad. In addition, a control group of high school students who stayed in Germany (N = 714) provided 2 waves of trait self-esteem data. From a macroperspective, results showed an effect of student exchange on trait self-esteem development: Exchange students showed a steeper mean-level increase and a lower rank-order stability compared with control students. Zooming in on the microprocesses underlying these developmental patterns, we found trait changes in exchange students to be mediated by state changes in self-esteem during their exchange. These fluctuations in state self-esteem were found to be predicted by feelings of social inclusion in the host country, and vice versa, providing support for both sociometer and self-broadcasting perspectives on self-esteem dynamics. In sum, our findings emphasize the importance of incorporating a microanalytical approach when investigating self-esteem development by showing that the environment triggers changes in this relatively stable personality trait through changes in states. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25285967
Hutteman, Roos; Nestler, Steffen; Wagner, Jenny; Egloff, Boris; Back, Mitja D
This study explored how perceptions of reciprocal support in mentoring influence mentors' and proteges' intent to extend work-related help to coworkers in organizations. Our findings shed light on the role that organization-based self-esteem (OBSE) and affective organizational commitment (AOC) play as mediators in transmitting the effect of…
Ghosh, Rajashi; Reio, Thomas G., Jr.; Haynes, Ray K.
Self-esteem and depression are fundamental psychological adjustment constructs in the study of adolescent well-being. Most measures of these constructs have been developed and validated using European American samples, and while the correlates and predictors of psychological adjustment have been examined in multiple cultural settings, no existing…
Russell, Stephen T.; Crockett, Lisa J.; Shen, Yuh-Ling; Lee, Sun-A
Understanding of the lived experiences of geriatric clients with pets, particularly in the Western cultures, has been the subject of many studies. However, little is known about how Asian cultures, particularly the Filipino elderly, view their experiences with their pets in regard to their self-esteem and self-perceived health. This…
de Guzman, Allan B.; Cucueco, Denise S.; Cuenco, Ian Benedict V.; Cunanan, Nigel Gerome C.; Dabandan, Robel T.; Dacanay, Edgar Joseph E.
The current study investigated moral disengagement, morally based self-esteem, age, and gender as predictors of traditional bullying and cyberbullying. The participants were 210 Australian school students aged 12 to 15, evenly split between males and females. Salient predictors of traditional bullying were overall moral disengagement, and the…
Robson, Claire; Witenberg, Rivka T.
This study aimed to measure whether self-esteem and social support are mediators in the relationship between loneliness and life satisfaction. The study includes early teenagers from the 6th, 7th and 8th grades aged between 11 and 15 (M = 13.31, SD = 1.09). The study group consisted of 431 secondary school students from large and medium sized…
In this study, the moderator effects of global self-esteem on the relationship between life satisfaction domains (family, friends and school) and depression in early adolescents were examined. The participants consisted of 255 students, aged from 11 to 15 years, from three junior high schools in Turkey. Data were collected using the Rosenberg…
The presentation examines the consequences of childhood abuse on subjective well-being and self-esteem in early adulthood. This period of the lifecycle may often be a vulnerable time, since there are many developmental tasks to be solved from youth to adulthood (Erikson, Levinson, Arnett, Marcia). A biography including childhood abuse must therefore be seen as a psychological burden with negative impact on the developmental challenges. For this reason, the presentation examines the possible links between childhood abuse and subjective well-being and self-esteem. By using information from the West Jutland Cohort Study (n=3,054), it is shown that 2.8% (n=86) of the participants reported having experienced childhood abuse. The results of the study show that those having been abused have significantly lower levels of self-esteem and a higher risk of lower subjective well-being. These results illuminate an unexplored aspect of the connection between childhood and adulthood. Earlier studies have shown an association between childhood abuse and psychological problems and psychiatric diagnoses whereas few studies have examined the potential negative consequences of childhood abuse on more vague – but still important - parameters such as subjective well-being and self-esteem.
Hansen, Claus D.; Olsen, Jan BrØdslev
Describes a study that examined the attitudes of Arab dropout youth in Israel toward the use of computer technology and the influence of this use on their self-esteem. Results supported the assumptions that exposure to computer technology would change the attitudes of dropout adolescents toward computers to positive ones. (Contains 43 references.)…
Romi, Shlomo; Zoabi, Houssien
No significant differences in global self-esteem and self-concept stability were found between 380 self-identified majority and 262 self-defined minority (i.e., Turkish, Moroccan, and Surinamese) youth in the Netherlands. Minority youth did identify more strongly with their ethnic groups, and they evaluated their groups more positively than their…
This study examined the effects of judgmental and nonjudgmental computer assisted instruction on self-esteem and mathematics achievement of remedial junior high students. Although no statistically significant differences were found between treatment groups, this was probably due to study's short-term nature, rather than absence of relationship…
Dalton, David W.; Hannafin, Michael J.
This study examined the impact of positive psychological traits (positive coping, self-efficacy, and self-esteem) on the relationship between seizure severity and life satisfaction among individuals with epilepsy. Hierarchical regression analysis and correlation techniques were used to test a hypothesized tri-mediation model of life satisfaction…
Sung, Connie; Muller, Veronica R.; Ditchman, Nicole; Phillips, Brian; Chan, Fong
Background: A limited amount of research has been conducted on children and adolescents who are low achievers. In Hong Kong, educators describe low achieving students in terms of academic performance, they seldom focus on socio-emotional aspects, such as self-esteem, peer affiliation, and inter-personal relationships. However, low achieving…
Leung, Chi-hung; Choi, Eudora
Given increased sexual risk-taking among youth with mental health problems, this study sought to understand the developmental trajectory of sexual self-esteem (SSE) among this vulnerable population and how it is impacted by sexual experiences. Participants were 185 adolescents who attended therapeutic/alternative schools in southern New England.…
Swenson, Rebecca R.; Houck, Christopher D.; Barker, David; Zeanah, Paula D.; Brown, Larry K.
High levels of teacher-child conflict have repeatedly been found to amplify children's aggressive behaviour. Up to now, however, research on possible mechanisms explaining this link is largely lacking. The current study aimed to test whether children's self-esteem is an intervening mechanism. Participants were 139 children (70 boys, M age = 6.18…
Doumen, Sarah; Buyse, Evelien; Colpin, Hilde; Verschueren, Karine
Religion has played a dominant role in the lives of people all over the world. It is a widespread and significant social force in human societies. This study examined the degree of religiosity among Muslims, Christians, and Hindus and its effects on dependency and self-esteem. Subjects (N=300) were college students divided evenly among each of the…
Shukla, A. P.; Prakash, Jai
Objective: The purpose of this study was to make a quantitative comparison of parameters of self-esteem and social well-being between children with cochlear implants and normal-hearing children. Material and methods: Data were obtained from 164 children with cochlear implant (CI) and 2169 normal-hearing children (NH). Parental questionnaires, used in a national survey assessing the self-esteem and well-being of normal-hearing children, were applied to the cochlear implanted group, in order to allow direct comparisons. Results: The children in the CI group rated significantly higher on questions about well-being in kindergarten/school and the CI boys appeared to manage school work better than normal-hearing boys. CI children were significantly more active and bullied other children less than normal-hearing peers, whereas no difference existed as to being bullied by other children. No difference was obtained regarding overall self-esteem or number of friends. The two groups of children scored similarly on beingconfident, independent, social, not worried and happy. Conclusion: Children with cochlear implant score equal to or better than their normal-hearing peers on matters of self-esteem and social well-being. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved Udgivelsesdato: 2008/7
Percy-Smith, L.; Caye-Thomasen, P.
Evaluated self-reported influences on self-esteem involving the media, sexual harassment, body image, family and peer relationships, and emotional expression for 93 boys and 116 girls in grades 5, 8, and 12. Results generally supported a pattern in which boys and girls were most similar in late childhood and again in late adolescence. Discusses…
Polce-Lynch, Mary; Myers, Barbara J.; Kliewer, Wendy; Kilmartin, Christopher
Objectives: This is an exploratory study to examine the relations among self-esteem, oral health behaviours and clinical oral health status in Chinese adults. In addition, gender differences in clinical oral health status and oral health behaviours were explored. Methods: Participants were 192 patients from a private dental clinic in Hong Kong…
Chin, Luzy Siu-Hei; Chan, Joanne Chung-Yan
Introduction: Symbolic interaction theorists maintained that general self-esteem, defined as the way individuals assess themselves, is based on the individual's perception on the way others assess them (we are what we think other people think we are). Accordingly, studies in school settings indicated that students' perceived teachers' expectancy…
Prihadi, Kususanto; Hairul, Nizam Ismail; Hazri, Jamil
The primary goal of this study was to examine the similarities and distinctions between two types of popularity, sociometric and perceived, in their associations with friendship characteristics and how they in turn are related to depressive affect and self-esteem. Among 245 eighth graders, sociometric popularity was associated with a greater…
Litwack, Scott D.; Aikins, Julie Wargo; Cillessen, Antonius H. N.
This study investigated the influence of retraining programme on self-esteem of primary school teachers in Ebonyi State of Nigeria. The study was guided by one research question and a null hypothesis. A purposively selected sample of 775 primary school teachers who attended capacity building retraining programme provided the data collected using…
Igbo, Janet N.; Eze, Justina U.; Eskay, M.; Onu, V. C.; Omeje, J.
In Heinz Kohut's (1977, 1984) theory of the psychology of the self, good parenting provides a child with optimal frustration and just the right amount of loving empathic concern. In the present study, the authors examined the relations of perceived parental empathy and love inconsistency with measures of narcissism, self-esteem, and depression. In…
Trumpeter, Nevelyn N.; Watson, P. J.; O'Leary, Brian J.; Weathington, Bart L.
A major theory of personality predispositions to depression posits that individuals who possess high levels of self-criticism and/or dependency are vulnerable to developing depression following negative life events. The goal of the current study was to test this theory of personality predispositions and the self-esteem buffering hypothesis in a…
Abela, John R. Z.; Fishman, Michael B.; Cohen, Joseph R.; Young, Jami F.
Theories of health behavior posit that change is accomplished by modifying factors deemed as mediators. A set of mediators from several theoretical models used in sexual risk reduction programs was assessed among a sample of 522 African American female adolescents. The goal was to determine whether self-esteem was associated with sexually…
Salazar, Laura F.; Crosby, Richard A.; DiClemente, Ralph J.; Wingood, Gina M.; Lescano, Celia M.; Brown, Larry K.; Harrington, Kathy; Davies, Susan
The purpose of this study is to determine whether self-esteem in adolescence has a mediator role in the relationship between parental attitude and life satisfaction and depression. Data was collected from 360 secondary school students ages ranging from 11 to 14 (M = 12.67, SD= 0.97) out of which 216 of them were female and 144 male. The…
Acun-Kapikiran, Necla; Körükçü, Özlem; Kapikiran, Sahin
This study aims, firstly, to examine whether gender plays a decisive role in starting romantic intimacy during the emerging adulthood period; secondly, to compare emerging adults who are assigned different gender roles, in terms of starting romantic intimacy; and thirdly, to analyze the level at which self-esteem and gender roles predict the…
Eryilmaz, Ali; Atak, Hasan
In this study younger and older persons were compared with regard to their stereotypes about both age groups, their self-concept and self-esteem. We examined the relation between age and stereotypes about younger and older adults, the relation between stereotypes about one's own age group and self-concepts, and the relation between self-concepts and self-esteem. Stereotypes and self-concepts were measured on two dimensions, warmth and competence. Twenty-eight younger adults (16-25 years) and 26 older adults (65-85 years) participated in this study. Both age groups perceived younger persons as more competent than older persons and older persons as more warm than younger persons. Older persons rate themselves higher than their in-group on competence and warmth. Younger respondents did the same, but on warmth only. A rating of the own person as more competent than the stereotype of their own age group, is related to self-esteem for older persons. Distancing oneself from negative stereotypes about one's own age group is an important key in maintaining high levels of self-esteem, but only in old age. PMID:17447607
Versteegh, E; Westerhof, G J
A survey of 181 students indicated that negative attitudes toward homosexuals were associated with being younger, having less education, being male, and having less-educated parents. Regression analyses supported a mediational model in which low self-esteem leads to less-positive contact with homosexuals, which leads to more heterosexist beliefs.…
Simoni, Jane M.
Recent research has focused on the role of self-esteem and self-handicapping strategies in the school domain. Self-handicapping refers to maladaptive strategies employed by adults and children for protection and maintenance of positive school self esteem. In this study the self-esteem and the self-handicapping strategies of children with dyslexia, reading comprehension disabilities, and mathematical disabilities were compared to a control group with normal learning. There were 56 children whose mean age was 8 (23 girls, 33 boys), attending Grade 3 of primary school. These pupils were selected by scores on a battery of learning tests commonly used in Italy for assessment of learning disabilities. Analyses suggested these children with dyslexia, reading comprehension disabilities, and mathematical disabilities had lower ratings of self-esteem at school and employed more self-handicapping strategies than did children whose learning was normal. More research is required to identify and examine in depth the factors that promote adaptive strategies to cope with children's reading difficulties. PMID:23402059
Alesi, Marianna; Rappo, Gaetano; Pepi, Annamaria
The goal of this study was to examine both the direct and indirect relations of parent and peer attachment with self-esteem and to examine the potential mediating roles of empathy and social behaviour. 246 college students ("Mage" = 18.6 years, s.d. = 1.61) completed self-report measures of parent and peer attachment, empathy, social behaviour,…
Laible, Deborah J.; Carlo, Gustavo; Roesch, Scott C.
The present longitudinal study examined the role of quality of friendship in mediating the relation of pro-sociality to self-esteem over time. Participants were 424 Italian young adults (56% females) assessed at two waves (Mage ?=?21.1 at Time 1; Mage ?=?25 at Time 2). An autoregressive cross-lagged panel model was used to test the mediational model. Self- and friend-report measures of pro-sociality, quality of friendship, and self-esteem were included in the analyses. Results were in line with the hypothesized paths, with quality of friendship mediating the relation of pro-sociality to later self-esteem above and beyond its high stability. Self-esteem, in turn, predicted pro-sociality 4 years later. Overall, the present findings support the potential benefits of behaving pro-socially for an actor in terms of increased perceived self-worth and also expand previous work by outlining the specific mediational role of the quality of friendships. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed. PMID:25234333
Zuffianò, Antonio; Eisenberg, Nancy; Alessandri, Guido; Luengo Kanacri, Bernadette Paula; Pastorelli, Concetta; Milioni, Michela; Caprara, Gian Vittorio
Peer victimization based on one's ethnic group membership contributes to the problems and conflicts of ethnic minority children around the world. With ethnic discrimination, a part of the self is implicated. Hence, it is likely that being treated negatively on the basis of one's ethnicity has a negative influence on ethnic self-esteem and thereby…
Verkuyten, Maykel; Thijs, Jochem
Although a growing body of literature shows that perceived family support (PFS) influences self-esteem in adults with dyslexia, little empirical attention has been given to the mechanisms through which this effect operates across early, middle, and late adulthood. The present study examined the mediational effect of emotional experience with…
Nalavany, Blace A.; Carawan, Lena W.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a qualidade de vida e a autoestima em pacientes com estoma intestinal. Trata-se de um estudo clínico, primário, descritivo e analítico. Este estudo foi realizado no Pólo dos ostomizados de Pouso Alegre, após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Facul [...] dade de Ciências da Saúde “Dr. José Antônio Garcia Coutinho", sob o parecer no 23.277. Foram utilizados três instrumentos para a coleta de dados da pesquisa: questionário sobre os dados demográficos e estoma, Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM e Escala de Qualidade de Vida de Flanagan. Foram utilizados para a análise estatística os seguintes testes: Qui-quadrado e Kruskal-Wallis e correlação de Spearman. Para todos os testes estatísticos, foi considerado o nível de significância de 5% (p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life and self-esteem in patients with intestinal stoma. This is a clinical, primary, descriptive, analytical study, conducted at the Ostomized People's Pole of Pouso Alegre, after approval by the Ethics Committee of the Faculdade de Ciências [...] da Saúde Dr. Jose Antonio Garcia Coutinho under opinion No. 23,227. Three instruments - a questionnaire on demographics and stoma, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP-EPM and Flanagan Quality of Life Scale - were used in the data collection. The following tests were used for statistical analysis: chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests and Spearman correlation. For all statistical tests, the level of significance of 5% (p
Geraldo Magela, Salomé; Sergio Aguinaldo de, Almeida; Maiko Moura, Silveira.
This lecture is related to Lars Ole Bonde´s Keynote presentation, as we performed together several groups in the moderated GIM format of "Group Music and Imagery (GrpMI)" for psychiatric outpatients (adults) with a GAF score higher than 31 and with McGlashans´s Relational Level of Process higher than 4 in the years 2008-2010. I will present two case studies concerning two of the participants taking part in these group experiences. Focus will be on developments in the self-reported problem area of `strengthening the feeling of identity and self-esteem", which both clients shose among different possibilities. The two clients were assessed and showed very different ways of responding to the same piece of music before start of treatment. One experienced imageries as a film, the other mostly experienced the music through the body. I will relate their processess to a local theory model of being present called: The three imaginary `being present´- and communication ´spaces´- the private space, the social space andthe soloist space.`This model offers an overall way of understanding one´s way of being present in the world (existentialistic understanding) and relating dynamically to others (psychodynamic understanding). I will present selected excerpts of the client´s processes such as the music they listen to, mandalas, narratives and their closing self reported outcome of the treatment. I will relate this to the theory model and show how strengthening of the feeling of identity and self-esteem through Group Music and Imagery can be understood through this theory model - also for psychiatric patients.
Pedersen, Inge Nygaard
Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the empathy and self-esteem in decision-making and decision-making styles of athletes who are playing team sports according to their gender, type of sports they play and sports experience (the years of participation in sports. The sample of the study was composed of a total of 202 the licensed athletes playing in different sports clubs in Izmir, Turkey during 2010-2011 season and they were basketball players (n=53, soccer players (n=76, and handball players (n=73. Their mean age was 22.95±3.45 years and their mean sports experience was 9.57±4.85 years. Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire I-II which was developed by Mann et al. (1998 and Turkish adaptation of which was performed by Deniz (2004, and Empathy Scale in the Sports Situations (ESSS developed by Erku? and Yakupo?lu (2001 were employed as measuring devices. Personal data were analyzed by descriptive statistical analysis such as frequency (n, percentage (%, mean (X and standard deviation (Sd. Non-Parametric Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis test and multiple regression analysis were used to determine differences since the data for gender, type of sports and sport experience did not follow a normal distribution and were not homogenous. In conclusion, the emotional empathy scores and total empathy scores of female players were higher than male players. Handball players had higher emotional empathy than soccer and basketball players. Athletes who had sports experience between 1-9 years had lower self-esteem in decision-making compared to the players who had more than 10 years of sports experience and used the buck-passing decision-making and hyper vigilance decision-making styles more often.
Gül Tiryaki SÖNMEZ
Full Text Available Os objetivos deste estudo foram verificar se a inalação dos óleos essenciais de rosa e de ylang-ylang alteram a percepção da autoestima e comparar a eficácia dos mesmos. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital da Universidade de São Paulo. Participaram 43 funcionários dos setores de Higienização e da Central de Materiais e Esterilização durante os meses de maio a julho de 2009. Os sujeitos foram randomizados em três grupos: dois que receberem os óleos essenciais e outro que recebeu placebo (essência de rosa. A avaliação da autoestima foi feita através de uma escala já validada no Brasil, sendo aplicada antes do uso dos aromas, depois de 30 dias de uso e ao completar 60 dias. Dentre os resultados, verificou-se que a amostra era constituída por 88,6% de indivíduos com média e alta autoestima e que os óleos essenciais em questão não alteraram de forma significativa a percepção da autoestima.Estudio que objetivó verificar si la inhalación de aceites esenciales de Rosa y de Ylang-ylang altera la percepción de la autoestima, y comparar la eficacia de ambos. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Universitario de la Universidad de São Paulo. Participaron 43 empleados de los sectores de Higienización y Central de Materiales y Esterilización, de mayo a julio de 2009. Los sujetos fueron randomizados en tres grupos: dos recibieron los aceites esenciales y el otro placebo (esencia de Rosa. La evaluación de autoestima se realizó mediante escala ya validada en Brasil, aplicándosela inicialmente, luego de 30 días de uso y al completarse 60 días. Según los resultados, se verificó que la muestra estaba constituida por 88,6% de individuos con media y alta autoestima y que los aceites esenciales en cuestión no alteraron significativamente la percepción de la autoestima.The objectives of this study were to verify if inhaling rose and ylang-ylang essential oils has any effect on one's perception of self-esteem, and compare their efficiency. The study was approved by the University of São Paulo Hospital Research Ethics Committee. Participants were 43 workers from the Sanitation Department and from the Materials and Sterilization Center, and the study took place from May to July 2009. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: two that received the essential oils and a third that received placebo (rose essence. The self-esteem evaluation was performed using a scale validated in Brazil, which was applied before using the aromas, as well as 30 and 60 days after the use. Results showed that the sample consisted of 88.6% individuals with medium and high self-esteem, and that the essential oils did not make any significant changes to their perception of self-esteem.
Juliana Rizzo Gnatta
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os objetivos deste estudo foram verificar se a inalação dos óleos essenciais de rosa e de ylang-ylang alteram a percepção da autoestima e comparar a eficácia dos mesmos. O projeto foi aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa do Hospital da Universidade de São Paulo. Participaram 43 funcionários dos [...] setores de Higienização e da Central de Materiais e Esterilização durante os meses de maio a julho de 2009. Os sujeitos foram randomizados em três grupos: dois que receberem os óleos essenciais e outro que recebeu placebo (essência de rosa). A avaliação da autoestima foi feita através de uma escala já validada no Brasil, sendo aplicada antes do uso dos aromas, depois de 30 dias de uso e ao completar 60 dias. Dentre os resultados, verificou-se que a amostra era constituída por 88,6% de indivíduos com média e alta autoestima e que os óleos essenciais em questão não alteraram de forma significativa a percepção da autoestima. Abstract in spanish Estudio que objetivó verificar si la inhalación de aceites esenciales de Rosa y de Ylang-ylang altera la percepción de la autoestima, y comparar la eficacia de ambos. El proyecto fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación del Hospital Universitario de la Universidad de São Paulo. Participa [...] ron 43 empleados de los sectores de Higienización y Central de Materiales y Esterilización, de mayo a julio de 2009. Los sujetos fueron randomizados en tres grupos: dos recibieron los aceites esenciales y el otro placebo (esencia de Rosa). La evaluación de autoestima se realizó mediante escala ya validada en Brasil, aplicándosela inicialmente, luego de 30 días de uso y al completarse 60 días. Según los resultados, se verificó que la muestra estaba constituida por 88,6% de individuos con media y alta autoestima y que los aceites esenciales en cuestión no alteraron significativamente la percepción de la autoestima. Abstract in english The objectives of this study were to verify if inhaling rose and ylang-ylang essential oils has any effect on one's perception of self-esteem, and compare their efficiency. The study was approved by the University of São Paulo Hospital Research Ethics Committee. Participants were 43 workers from the [...] Sanitation Department and from the Materials and Sterilization Center, and the study took place from May to July 2009. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three groups: two that received the essential oils and a third that received placebo (rose essence). The self-esteem evaluation was performed using a scale validated in Brazil, which was applied before using the aromas, as well as 30 and 60 days after the use. Results showed that the sample consisted of 88.6% individuals with medium and high self-esteem, and that the essential oils did not make any significant changes to their perception of self-esteem.
Juliana Rizzo, Gnatta; Maria Filomena Mourão, Zotelli; Dulce Regina Batista, Carmo; Cristiane de Lion Botero Couto, Lopes; Noemi Marisa Brunet, Rogenski; Maria Júlia Paes da, Silva.
The overall aim of the present thesis is to investigate the effects of aerobic, anaerobic and relaxation forms of exercise on physical self-perception and self-esteem of Danish epressed patients. This study was designed as part of a larger project called DEMO which was a parallel-group, randomised superiority trial, carried out at the Copenhagen University Hospital in Denmark (Krogh et al., 2007). This dissertation is written base? on the results of three consecutive studies. In the first study (Mohammadi-nezhad et al., 2011) we investigated the factor structure, validity, and internal reliability of the Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) in Danish depressed patients. We also tested the ability of the PSPP for discriminant validity when depression groups were compared with normal adults. The mediating role of self-esteem in physical self-perceptions and negative affect relationship were examined. A sample of 96 Danish psychiatric patients completed the PSPP, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA). The Danish version of the PSPP showed high internal consistency and Applying the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses provided support for the PSPP to be used with depressed patients. The data were more consistent with the four-factor model than with a combined three-factor model. PSPP significantly discriminated between healthy subjects (n=46) and patients (p< 0.005). A path analysis indicated the role of physical self-worth as a mediator between the PSPP sub-domains and selfesteem and depression. The strong content validity and construct validity confirmed the PSPP application on depressed patients. In the second study we aimed to investigate the impact of a sixteen-week exercise intervention (both aerobic and non-aerobic) compared to a relaxation exercise control group on physical selfperception and self-esteem of depressed outpatients in an urban Danish context, using a repeated measures design; We furthermore investigated the relationship between physical fitness and psychological changes. We eventually tested the physio-psychological associations in low-fit patients compared with non-low fit participants. From the pool of 165 patients randomly recruited to the DEMO continuously, only 96 participants who answered to PSPP and RSES (28 male, 29.2%, and 68 female, 70.8%) were considered for this Study. The intervention consisted of aerobic, anaerobic and relaxation exercise twice a day over 16-weeks. PSPP, RSES, BDI and the HAMA, VO2max, 1-RM for knee extension, chest press and leg press, BMI, and HRmax were administered to participants before, and after the intervention and at the end of a 12 month follow-up. Based on intent-to treat analysis, all three groups exhibited significant time-effect improvements on psychological and physiological indices except on the BMI. There was a significant interaction effect for group × time only for PSPP-Sport. Per-protocol analysis revealed no significant interaction effects for group ×time for psychological variables. The results suggest that all three programs are equally effective in enhancing physical self-perception. There was no indication of any difference between low-fit and moderate to highly fit individuals. The significant inverse correlations between PSPP and RSES with depression were evident. This study supported the effectiveness of exercise intervention for a significant improvement of PSPP, self-esteem, and reduction in anxiety and depression. Moreover, physical fitness achievement was partially associated with positive psychological changes in depressed patients. In the third study, we intended to establish longitudinally the extent to which an integrated model of Fox and Corbin (1989) hierarchal model and Physical Self-Perception sub-scales to depression model (Van de Vliet et al., 2002b) was tenable. Thus, the objectives of the third study were, (1) to investigate the associations of the five sub-domains of PSP with global self-esteem, depression and anxiety longitudinally
The link between obesity and self-esteem among minority youth has received minimal empirical evaluation. This study aims to describe the magnitude of risk that body mass index, household income, and transitional age have on global self-esteem levels among African-American adolescents. These analyses were conducted on cross-sectional data obtained from 264 urban-dwelling African-American females between 14 and 18 years of age. Survey data on global self-esteem levels, transitory age, and socio...
Powell-young, Yolanda M.; Zabaleta, Jovanny; Velasco-gonzalez, Cruz; Sothern, Melinda S.
This study aims to compare and determine a relationship between self-concept and self-esteem of female and male athletic and non-athletic students in Sari branch Islamic Azad University. For this reason, 200 students (100 athletic and 100 non-athletic) were selected randomly and tested by Eysenck’s self-esteem questionnaire and Rogers’s self-concept one. Research findings implied that there is no significant relationship between self-esteem of athletic students and non-athletic ones. Howe...
Seyedeh Khadijeh Asady; Zahra Tasaddoghi; Mohadeseh Tavakoli
The Bachman Treatment Facility was built in Dallas, Texas, to provide physical-chemical treatment to those municipal wastewater flows that during periods of heavy precipitation exceed the capacity of a downstream interceptor. The treatments provided in the facility include the ad...
Evaluation of Self-esteem in Nursing Teachers at Public and Private Universities / Evaluación de la autoestima en docentes de enfermería de universidades pública y privada / Avaliação da autoestima em docentes de enfermagem de universidades pública e privada
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: avaliar a autoestima em docentes de enfermagem de universidades pública e privada e comparar as medidas apresentadas pelos dois grupos de professores. MÉTODO: trata-se de pesquisa descritiva, correlacional, transversal, quantitativa, desenvolvida com 71 docentes de duas universidades (públ [...] ica e privada) de um município do sul do Estado de Minas Gerais. Utilizaram-se um questionário, após validação e teste piloto, e a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. RESULTADO: constatou-se que a maioria dos docentes apresentou autoestima alta, não havendo diferença significativa entre os dois grupos. Analisando-se os escores contínuos dessa escala, observou-se diferença significativa entre as universidades, mostrando que os docentes da universidade privada apresentaram escores mais baixos de autoestima. A Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg apresentou valor alto de coeficiente alfa. CONCLUSÃO: a autoestima alta foi predominante nos professores estudados, mas os da universidade privada apresentaram escores mais baixos. Esses dados podem auxiliar as instituições a refletir sobre o assunto e investir na construção de ambientes saudáveis, tendo como protagonista o trabalhador/docente de enfermagem, representando avanços para o conhecimento da temática na área de enfermagem. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: evaluar la autoestima de profesores de Enfermería en universidades pública y privada y comparar las medidas presentadas por los dos grupos de profesores. MÉTODO: Se trata de una investigación descriptiva, correlacional, transversal, cuantitativa, desarrollada con 71 profesores de dos unive [...] rsidades (pública y privada) de un municipio en el sur del estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se utilizó un cuestionario, tras prueba piloto y validación, y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. RESULTADO: Se encontró que la mayoría de los profesores tenía autoestima alta, sin diferencia significativa entre los dos grupos. Cuando se analizaron los resultados continuos en esta escala, fue encontrada una diferencia significativa entre las universidades, que muestra que los profesores universitarios privados tenían puntuaciones más bajas de autoestima. La Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg mostró un alto coeficiente alfa. CONCLUSIÓN: La autoestima alta predominó entre los profesores estudiados, pero aquellos de la universidad privada tuvieron puntuaciones más bajas. Estos datos pueden ayudar a las instituciones a reflexionar sobre el tema e invertir en la construcción de entornos saludables, en que el trabajador/profesor de Enfermería sirva como protagonista, lo que representa avances para el conocimiento sobre el tema en el área de Enfermería. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the self-esteem of Nursing faculty in public and private universities and compare the measures presented by two groups of teachers. This descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted with 71 teachers from two universities (public a [...] nd private) from a municipality in the south of the State of Minas Gerais. After pilot testing and validation, A questionnaire and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used. It was found that most teachers had high self-esteem, with no significant difference between the two groups. When the continuous scores on this scale were analyzed, there was a significant difference between universities, showing that the private university teachers had lower self-esteem scores. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale showed high value for coefficient alpha. It was concluded that self-esteem was high predominantly in the studied teachers, but those from the private university had lower scores. These data may help institutions to reflect on the issue and invest in building healthy environments, with the worker/teacher of Nursing as the protagonist, which represents advancement in the knowledge of the subject in the field of Nursing.
Fábio de Souza, Terra; Maria Helena Palucci, Marziale; Maria Lúcia do Carmo Cruz, Robazzi.
Cognitive Functions, Self-Esteem and Self-Concept of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder / Funções Cognitivas, Autoestima e Autoconceito de Crianças com Transtorno de Déficit de Atenção e Hiperatividade
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O estudo objetivou comparar o desempenho de crianças com TDAH e crianças sem queixas de aprendizagem e/ou atenção em tarefas de atenção visual, funções executivas, autoestima e autoconceito. Fizeram parte do estudo 34 crianças, sendo 17 com TDAH e 17 do grupo controle, com idade média de 9,92 anos. [...] Para a avaliação, foram utilizados: Teste de Cancelamento; Trail Making Test; Stroop Color Word Test; Torre de Londres; Children's Depression Inventory; Escala Multidimensional de Auto-Estima, Escala de Autoconceito Infanto-Juvenil. Os resultados indicaram que crianças com TDAH apresentaram piores resultados nas avaliações atencionais, de funções executivas, na crença em fazer as coisas do jeito errado e sentimentos de culpa, e na autoestima, tanto no resultado geral como na Percepção de Si. Abstract in english The study aimed to compare the performance of children with ADHD and children without learning and/or attention difficulties in tasks of visual attention, executive functions, self-esteem and self-concept. Participants were34 children, 17 with ADHD and 17in the control group, with a mean age of 9.92 [...] years. For the evaluation, the following tests were used: Cancellation Test, Trail Making Test, Stroop Color Word Test, Tower of London, Children's Depression Inventory, Self-Esteem Multidimensional Scale, and Children's Self-Concept Scale. The results indicated that children with ADHD showed worse out comes in attention and executive functions evaluations, in the belief of doing things the wrong way, in feelings of guilt and in low self-esteem, both in the general result as well as in self-perception.
Iuri Victor, Capelatto; Ricardo Franco de, Lima; Sylvia Maria, Ciasca; Cíntia Alves, Salgado-Azoni.
Full Text Available Bachman’s Sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis, an endemic North American passerine, requires frequent (? 3 yr prescribed fires to maintain preferred habitat conditions. Prescribed fires that coincide with the sparrow’s nesting season are increasingly used to manage sparrow habitat, but concerns exist regarding the effects that nesting-season fires may pose to this understory-dwelling species. Previous studies suggested that threats posed by fires might be lessened by reducing the extent of prescribed fires, thereby providing unburned areas close to the areas where fires eliminate ground-cover vegetation. To assess this hypothesis, we monitored color-marked male Bachman’s Sparrows on 2 sites where the extent of nesting-season fires differed 5-fold (> 70 ha vs. 100,000 ha using frequent prescribed fire (? 2-yr return intervals. Additional research is needed regarding the effects that nesting-season fires may have on small, isolated populations as well as sites where much larger burn extents (> 100 ha or longer burn intervals (> 2 yr are used.
Clark D. Jones
A survey of 2,095 college students in five major cities in China was conducted to examine the influence of personality, parental behaviors, and self-esteem on Internet addiction. We found that psychoticism and neuroticism were both positively related to Internet addiction. The influence of parental behaviors on Internet addition was also significant. However, fathers' and mothers' behaviors had different impacts on their children's likelihood of being addicted to the Internet. Specifically, we found that fathers' rejection and overprotection, and mothers' rejection would increase the risk for Internet addiction. Furthermore, the influence of emotional warmth from parents on Internet addiction was partially mediated by self-esteem. Finally, we found that parental behaviors of mothers and fathers affected males and females differently in terms the risk of being addicted to the Internet. PMID:24003966
Yao, Mike Z; He, Jing; Ko, Deborah M; Pang, Kaichung
Impacto de la reconstrucción mamaria sobre la autoestima y la imagen corporal en pacientes con cáncer de mama / The impact of breast reconstruction on self-esteem and body image in patients with breast cancer
Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de mama puede alterar el aspecto físico de las pacientes y producirles importantes secuelas psicológicas. Para comprobar si el nivel de satisfacción con el resultado estético, así como la autoestima o la imagen corporal de estas pacientes difería según el tipo de [...] cirugía realizada (mastectomía unilateral o reconstrucción mamaria), se estudiaron un total de 72 pacientes. Para ello, se emplearon una Encuesta Psicosocial, la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (EAR), el Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida de la EORTC (QLQ-BR23) y el Test de Medición del Grado de Satisfacción Corporal. En general, las pacientes reconstruidas mostraron una mayor satisfacción estética, así como una mayor autoestima y un menor deterioro de su imagen corporal. Abstract in english The surgical treatment of breast cancer can change patients' physical appearance and lead to important physical sequelae. Therefore, in order to ascertain whether the level of satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome, as well as with regard to self-esteem or the body image in these patients, differs [...] depending on the kind of surgery undergone (unilateral mastectomy or breast reconstruction), a total of 72 patients were studied. To this end, a Psychosocial Survey, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE) Scale, the EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-BR23), and the Test for the Measurement of Body Satisfaction were used. In general, patients who underwent reconstruction showed a higher degree of aesthetic satisfaction, as well as greater self-esteem and a lower degree of dissatisfaction regarding their body image.
María Esther, Rincón Fernández; María Ángeles, Pérez San Gregorio; Mercedes, Borda Más; Agustín, Martín Rodríguez.
Single-ventricle congenital heart disease (SVCHD) requires multiple palliative surgical procedures that leave visible surgical scars and physical deficits, which can alter body-image and self-esteem. This study aimed to compare sex and age differences in body-image, self-esteem, and body mass index (BMI) in adolescents and adults with SVCHD after surgical palliation with those of a healthy control group. Using a comparative, cross-sectional design, 54 adolescent and adult (26 male and 28 fema...
Pike, Nancy A.; Evangelista, Lorraine S.; Doering, Lynn V.; Eastwood, Jo-ann; Lewis, Alan B.; Child, John S.
Introduction: Presence of mentally retarded children in every family affects on the structure and mental health of family specially parents. The purpose of this research is the comparison of the mean of psychological well-being, mental health and self-esteem between parents of normal and educable students. Materials & Methods: This was causal- comparative and retrospective study and the instruments were three questionnaire of self-esteem, public mental health GHQ and psychological well-being....
Ali Jafari Nodoushan; Naser Mohammadi Ahmadabad; Tayyebe Barfe; Reza Jafari Nodoushan
Aboriginal youth are at disproportionate risk for depression and substance use problems. Increasingly, developmental theories have shifted from focusing on vulnerabilities to protective factors for adolescent depression. In particular, theories emphasizing protective factors are relevant when understanding the mental health of Aboriginal youth. However, it is unclear which factors protect against depressive symptomatology among Aboriginal adolescents to promote optimal development. Using multilevel growth curve modeling, the present study had three main objectives. First, we aimed to model the developmental trajectory of depressive symptoms using a sample of off-reserve Aboriginal youth from a national Canadian dataset (ages 12-23). Second, we sought to examine the relationship between alcohol use behaviors, self-esteem, optimism, and the trajectories of depressive symptoms. Lastly, we investigated whether self-esteem and optimism mediated the relationship between alcohol use and depressive symptoms. Gender differences were also examined within each of the study objectives. A sample of off-reserve Aboriginal youth (N = 283; 48.3 % male) was selected from cycles 4-7 of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Heavy drinking was a risk factor for depressive symptoms, while self-esteem and optimism were key protective factors for depressive symptoms among early adolescent Aboriginal youth. Further, the developmental trajectory of depressive symptoms among Canadian Aboriginal youth differed for boys and girls once accounting for risk and protective factors. Thus, it is valuable to integrate the protective role of self-esteem and optimism into developmental theories of depression and mental health intervention programs for early adolescent Aboriginal youth. PMID:24045879
Ames, Megan E; Rawana, Jennine S; Gentile, Petrice; Morgan, Ashley S
This discussion paper reviews the health impacts, physical and mental, of domestic violence and explores the link between domestic violence and psychological symptoms. This paper focuses more on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than depression and low self-esteem because doctors are less familiar with PTSD. The barriers preventing health workers from detecting domestic violence are reviewed and the fear of health professionals that asking about trauma can harm patients is explored. The ar...
Background: Several factors have been identified as related to mental health in adolescence, such as competences, behavioural/emotional problems, self-esteem, and sense of coherence. Studies also emphasise the importance of family func-tioning and cultural factors. Objectives: This study investigates and compares the mental health of adoles-cents in relation to family functioning and socio-cultural variables in Sweden and Greece. Furthermore, Swedish and Greek adolescents’ attitudes about l...
A large body of research has documented changes in self-esteem across adulthood and individual-difference correlates thereof. However, little is known about whether people maintain their self-esteem until the end of life and what role key risk factors in the health, cognitive, self-regulatory, and social domains play. To examine these questions, we apply growth modeling to 13-year longitudinal data obtained from by now deceased participants of the Berlin Aging Study (N = 462; age 70-103, M = 86.3 years, SD = 8.3; 51% male). Results revealed that self-esteem, on average, does decline in very old age and close to death, but the amount of typical decline is minor. Health-related constraints and disabilities as well as lower control beliefs and higher loneliness were each associated with lower self-esteem late in life. We obtained initial evidence that some of these associations were stronger among the oldest-old participants. Our results corroborate and extend initial reports that self-esteem is, on average, fairly stable into the last years of life. We discuss possible pathways by which common and often severe late-life challenges may undermine an otherwise relatively robust self-esteem system. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25546600
Wagner, Jenny; Hoppmann, Christiane; Ram, Nilam; Gerstorf, Denis
Full Text Available The perception of the value of themselves as individuals is a very important outcome in childhood. The aim of this paper is to study the influence of specific domain self-perception on the self-esteem of school age children from Buenos Aires City/AR (CABA. The Self-Perception Profile for Children was administered to 219 children of both genders (mean age = 10.34; SD = 1.77 from a private school from CABA. Multiple lineal regression analysis were performed. School grade and sex differences were taken into account. The main predictor of self-esteem for the boys is the self-perception of physical appearance and for the girls the self-perception of social acceptance. Considering grade differences, the main predictor of self-esteem for children from third to fifth grade is the self-perception of physical appearance and for sixth and seventh graders the self-perception of social acceptance and behavior.
Raimundi, María Julia
Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Este estudio examinó la relación de las variables autoestima y apoyo social con la satisfacción vital en una muestra de 512 adolescentes de ambos sexos, con edades entre 15 y 19 años (promedio de 16.4 años), de la ciudad de Concepción (Chile). Los resultados mostraron que tanto la autoestima como el [...] apoyo social tenían relaciones positivas significativas con la satisfacción vital. El análisis de regresión reveló que ambas variables predecían significativamente el nivel de satisfacción vital, siendo mayor la influencia relativa del apoyo social que de la autoestima. Se proponen diversas explicaciones para los resultados obtenidos. Abstract in english This study examined the relationship between self-esteem, perceived social support and life satisfaction in a sample of 512 male and female adolescents from the city of Concepcion (Chile) between 15 and 19 years. Both self-esteem and social support had significant positive relationships with life sa [...] tisfaction. Regression analysis showed that both factors predicted life satisfaction, with perceived social support having more influence on life satisfaction than self-esteem. Diverse explanatory factors for obtained results are proposed.
Juan Luis, San Martín; Enrique, Barra.
Full Text Available The study has been conducted to find out the efficacy of unified play on developing different components of Physical Fitness (Balance, Power &Agility and Self Esteem among individuals with intellectual disability. Using purposive sampling technique samples has been selected in the age group of 17-22 years without any associated condition. The sample size was 14 children with moderate intellectual disability who were paired with a partner in order to make a unified pair. The intervention was planned with physical and cognitive based play activities with necessary modifications and adaptations for their safety purpose. The intervention was implemented in an “Inclusive Summer Camp” with a total of 32 sessions. Subjects were fully involved in the intervention directly by the researcher. The pre and post tests scores of the sample were analyzed quantitatively. The findings revealed that there is a significant effect of unified play on physical fitness and self esteem among the selected sample. The significance of unified play on each component of physical fitness (balance, power & agility was analyzed separately through t-test. On the whole, the intervention was found to be effective in improving physical fitness and self esteem of Individuals with intellectual disability
Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar um conjunto de práticas utilizadas para alfabetizar jovens e adultos, as quais têm no resgate da autoestima seu foco central. O estudo utilizou uma parcela dos discursos do Programa Alfabetização Solidária registrados em um conjunto de publicações periódicas editadas entre 1997 e 2002, cuja circulação tinha abrangência nacional. Inspirada nos estudos de Michel Foucault, a análise contou com as noções de governamento e discurso. O argumento desenvolvido no texto pretende mostrar que a ênfase na elevação da autoestima funciona como uma das estratégias de governamento do Programa Alfabetização Solidária. As estratégias são operacionalizadas por meio: da produção da baixa autoestima como um problema para efetivar o processo de alfabetização; do desenvolvimento da autoconfiança pelo disciplinamento de corpos e mentes; e da produtividade da estratégia de valorização da autoestima evidenciada na mudança de conduta dos alfabetizandos. Essas práticas investem na elevação da autoestima e da estima aos outros, apostando no envolvimento, na persistência e na permanência do aluno nos programas de alfabetização para operar as mudanças desejadas nos indivíduos e nos locais com elevados índices de analfabetismo.This paper aims at analyzing a group of practices that have been used to alphabetize youths and adults, which have the recovery of self-esteem as their central focus. This study has employed part of discourses of the Solidary Literacy Program (Programa Alfabetização Solidária, recorded in a series of periodical publications, from 1997 to 2002, which were nationally distributed. From studies carried out by Michel Foucault, this analysis has considered the notions of government and discourse. The argument developed in this text intends to show that the emphasis on raising self-esteem has functioned as one of the governing strategies of the Solidary Literacy Program. The strategies have been brought into operation by means of production of low self-esteem as a problem that hinders the literacy process; development of self-confidence by disciplining bodies and minds; and productivity of the strategy of valuing self-esteem evidenced in the change of conduct of individuals who become literate. These practices invest in raising one's own self-esteem as well as the others', betting on the involvement, persistence and permanence of the student in literacy programs to operate the desired changes both in the individuals and in the places with high illiteracy indexes.
Clarice Salete Traversini
Associação entre sintomas depressivos, motivação e autoestima de idosos praticantes de exercícios físicos / Association between depressive symptoms, motivational factors and self-esteem in elderly engaged in physical exercises / Asociación entre síntomas depresivos, motivación y autoestima de ancianos practicantes de ejercicios físicos
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O estudo analisou as associações entre sintomas depressivos, fatores de motivação e autoestima de 83 idosos praticantes de exercícios físicos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram anamnese, Geriatric Depression Scale (15); escala de avaliação da autoestima de Rosenberg e Inventário de Motivação para prá [...] tica regular de atividades físicas. Para análise estatística utilizou-se Teste Qui-quadrado ou Teste Exato de Fisher e Correlação de Spearman (p Abstract in spanish El estudio examinó la asociación entre síntomas depresivos, autoestima y factores de motivación de 83 ancianos practicantes de ejercicios físicos. Los instrumentos fueron la entrevista, escala de depresión geriátrica (15), escala de evaluación de la autoestima de Rosenberg y inventário de motivación [...] para la práctica regular de actividades físicas. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó chi-cuadrado o la prueba exacta de Fisher y la correlación de Spearman (p Abstract in english The study examined the associations between depressive symptoms, motivational factors and self-esteem in 83 elderly engaged in physical exercises. The instruments used were: anamnese, geriatric depression scale (15), Rosenberg self-esteem scale and motivation inventory for regular practice of physic [...] al activity. The associations were verified by the Chi-square or Fisher's test and the Spearman correlation, adopting a significance level of 5%. It was statistically observed that there is an inversely proportional relationship between self-esteem and depressive symptoms, as well as low occurrence of depressive symptoms, high self-esteem and motivation of the elderly. The practice of physical exercises seems to contribute to the positive scores found in the variables studied.
Simone Teresinha, Meurer; Lucélia Justino, Borges; Tânia Rosane Bertoldo, Benedetti; Giovana Zarpellon, Mazo.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that has an impact on the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL of sufferers as well as their children. To date, no study has investigated the effects of parental leprosy on the well-being of adolescent children. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Lalitpur and Kathmandu districts of Nepal. Adolescents with leprosy-affected parents (n?=?102; aged 11–17 years and those with parents unaffected by leprosy (n?=?115; 11–17 years were investigated. Self-reported data from adolescents were collected using the Kinder Lebensqualität Fragebogen (KINDLR questionnaire to assess HRQOL, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA was used to compare scores between the two groups. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to explore the determinants of HRQOL for adolescents with leprosy-affected parents. Results ANCOVA revealed that the KINDLR and RSES scores were significantly lower among adolescents with leprosy-affected parents compared with unaffected parents. However, the scores of “Friends” and “School” subscales of KINDLR were similar between the two groups. The CES-D score was significantly higher among adolescents with leprosy-affected parents than for adolescents with unaffected parents. The KINDLR scores for adolescents with both parents affected (n?=?41 were significantly lower than the scores for those with one parent affected (n?=?61. Multiple regression analysis revealed that adolescents with leprosy-affected parents who had higher levels of depressive symptoms were more likely to have lower KINDLR scores. A similar result was seen for adolescents where both parents had leprosy. Conclusions Adolescents with leprosy-affected parents had higher levels of depressive symptoms, lower levels of self-esteem, and lower HRQOL compared with adolescents whose parents were unaffected by leprosy. Thus, mental health support programs might be necessary for adolescents with leprosy-affected parents, particularly for adolescents where both parents are leprosy-affected. Further studies with larger sample sizes are necessary to draw decisive conclusions.
Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: English Abstract in portuguese De acordo com a psicologia do self de Heinz Kohut o desenvolvimento de um narcisismo saudável, que se reflecte no sentimento de segurança do self, permite aos indivíduos determinar e prosseguir objectivos de vida e manter a auto-estima, particularmente em períodos de transição e mudança. Baseado nes [...] ta perspectiva, o principal objectivo deste estudo, que utilizou uma amostra com 375 estudantes que frequentavam o Ensino Secundário, consistiu em avaliar a contribuição da instabilidade de objectivos e da auto-estima para a identidade vocacional de adolescentes. A influência do género e da idade foi igualmente considerada. A equação de regressão permitiu explicar 32% da variância da variável critério e a instabilidade de objectivos demonstrou ser a variável independente mais importante. São discutidas implicações para a teoria e consulta vocacionais. Abstract in english According to the self-psychology of Heinz Kohut, development of a healthy narcissism that is reflected in a secure sense of self, permits individuals to set and pursue meaningful life goals and maintain a sense of well-being, particularly in periods of transition and change. Based on this perspectiv [...] e, the primary purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of goal instability and self-esteem to the vocational identity of Portuguese high school students using a sample of 375 individuals. Additionally, the effect of gender and age on vocational identity was assessed. A regression equation accounted for 32% of the variance of the dependent variable with goal instability emerging as the strongest predictor. Implications for career theory and counseling are discussed.
Paulo Jorge, Santos.
Full Text Available Self-estem is the way in which each person is valued and therefore confdent in itself why its significance is crucial in making decisions of each individual, like the decision to become pregnant at a specific age. This study seeks to validate a test to assess adolescent self-esteem.Metodology: We performed a literature review and decided to make a cultural validation of the test area-Specific Self Steem Scale, edited by the Centre for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia1, which was divided into two parts, identifed a high level and a low level of self-esteem respectively. The test was introduced adapted to a college education mean Alcalá town of 16000 people in the coffee region of Colombia, from the northern Valle del Cauca. The results were analyzed by STATA 10.The outcome: The test identification of high self-esteem has a high reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0,737 and the test has a low self-esteem reliability (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.82. The test has a high self-esteem predictive capability of 0,709 and low self-esteem had a predictive ability approaching 100%.The outcomes to test high esteem sensitivity of 96.61% and a specificity approaching 100%. The definition of a good self-esteem, they would be properly classifed the 98.45%.Conclusion: Them we could say that this study validates the test of high and low self-esteem as a useful tool for measuring the level of self-esteem of a population whose results serve as a baseline for measurement and subsequent interventions that seek to improve work in high-risk behavior among adolescents.
Verbal/psychological homophobic bullying is widespread among youths of sexual minorities. Homophobic bullying has been associated with both high internalized homophobia and low self-esteem. The objectives were to document verbal/psychological homophobic bullying among youths of sexual minorities and model the relationships between homophobic bullying, internalized homophobia and self-esteem. A community sample of 300 youths of sexual minorities aged 14 to 22 years old was used. A structural equation model was tested using a nonlinear, robust estimator implemented in Mplus. The model postulated that homophobic bullying impacts self-esteem both directly and indirectly, via internalized homophobia. 60.7% of the sample reported at least one form of verbal/psychological homophobic bullying. The model explained 29% of the variance of self-esteem, 19.6% of the variance of internalized homophobia and 5.3% of the verbal/psychological homophobic bullying. The model suggests that the relationship between verbal/psychological homophobic bullying and self-esteem is partially mediated by internalized homophobia. The results underscore the importance of initiatives to prevent homophobic bullying in order to prevent its negative effects on the well-being of youths of sexual minorities. PMID:24714888
Blais, Martin; Gervais, Jesse; Hébert, Martine
Terror management research shows that existential terror motivates people to live up to social norms. According to terror management theory (TMT), people can achieve a sense of self-worth through compliance with social norms. However, this has not yet been empirically tested. Modesty has long been known as an important social norm in Eastern cultures, such as China, Japan, and Korea. The current research examined whether conforming to the modesty norm in response to reminders of death concerns increases self-esteem for Chinese. In Study 1, following the modesty norm (i.e., explicit self-effacement) led to decreased implicit self-esteem, however, this was only the case if mortality was salient. In Study 2, violating the modesty norm (i.e., explicit self-enhancement) increased implicit self-esteem - however - again, this was only the case when mortality was salient. These findings indicate that self-esteem cannot be maintained through compliance with the modesty norm. Implications of this research for understanding the interplay between self-esteem and social norms in terror management processes are discussed. PMID:25346396
Du, Hongfei; Jonas, Eva
Full Text Available The study aims to examine the role of mastery and self-esteem as a potential mediator of the relationship of meaning in life and well-being among older Chinese stroke survivors. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 214 community-dwelling older stroke survivors (128 men and 86 women, ranging from 60 years to 88 years old. The meaning in life, mastery, self-esteem and subjective well-being were measured. The results indicated that: 1 The meaning in life and subjective well-being of stroke survivors were significantly positive correlated; 2 Mastery and self-esteem played partial mediating roles between existential vacuum and subjective well-being; Self-esteem played full a mediating role between suffer acceptance and subjective well-being; Mastery played a full mediating role between life control and subjective well-being; Mastery played a partial mediating role between death acceptance and subjective well-being; Self-esteem also played a partial mediating role between mastery and subjective well-being.
The vulnerability model states that low self-esteem functions as a predictor for the development of depressive symptoms whereas the scar model assumes that these symptoms leave scars in individuals resulting in lower self-esteem. Both models have received empirical support, however, they have only been tested within individuals and not across generations (i.e., between family members). Thus, we tested the scope of these competing models by (a) investigating whether the effects hold from adolescence to middle adulthood (long-term vulnerability and scar effects), (b) whether the effects hold across generations (intergenerational vulnerability and scar effects), and (c) whether intergenerational effects are mediated by parental self-esteem and depressive symptoms and parent-child discord. We used longitudinal data from adolescence to middle adulthood (N = 1,359) and from Generation 1 adolescents (G1) to Generation 2 adolescents (G2) (N = 572 parent-child pairs). Results from latent cross-lagged regression analyses demonstrated that both adolescent self-esteem and depressive symptoms were prospectively related to adult self-esteem and depressive symptoms 3 decades later. That is, both the vulnerability and scar models are valid over decades with stronger effects for the vulnerability model. Across generations, we found a substantial direct transmission effect from G1 to G2 adolescent depressive symptoms but no evidence for the proposed intergenerational vulnerability and scar effect or for any of the proposed mediating mechanisms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25495547
Steiger, Andrea E; Fend, Helmut A; Allemand, Mathias
Full Text Available Este estudio tiene como objetivo describir las estrategias de aprendizaje y autoestima de los alumnos que ingresan a la Universidad Santo Tomás, sede Talca 2007, y determinar la relación existente entre ellas y el rendimiento académico. Para recolectar la información se utilizaron el Inventario de Estrategias de Aprendizaje de R. Schmeck (adaptado en Chile por Truffello y Pérez 1988 y el Inventario de Autoestima de Coopersmith forma A (adaptado en Chile por Brinkmann, Segure y Solar 1989. Los resultados indican que los estudiantes universitarios que utilizan estrategias de aprendizaje más complejas presentan significativamente mejor rendimiento académico que los estudiantes que utilizan estrategias más simples, y además se caracterizan por presentar mayores niveles de autoestima general, de autoestima académica y autoestima familiar.This study describes the learning strategies and self-esteem of students from Santo Tomás University, campus Talca starting studies in 2007, and shows the relationship betweeen them and the academic results of these students. In order to recolect data it was used the Learning Strategies Inventory (R. Schmeck, adapted in Chile by Truffello & Pérez 1988 and Coopersmith's Self-esteem Inventory Form A (adapted in Chile by Brinkmann, Segure & Solar 1989. The results shows that students who use complex learning strategies have better academic results than those students who use simple strategies, thus the first group shows higher levels of general self-esteem, academic self-esteem, and familiar self-esteem.
Olga María Fernández González
The aims of this study were to examine differences in self-schemas between persons living with HIV/AIDS with and without depressive symptoms, and the degree to which these self-schemas predict depressive symptoms in this population. Self-schemas are beliefs about oneself and include self-esteem, HIV symptom management self-efficacy, and self-compassion. Beck's cognitive theory of depression guided the analysis of data from a sample of 1766 PLHIV from the USA and Puerto Rico. Sixty-five percent of the sample reported depressive symptoms. These symptoms were significantly (p ? 0.05), negatively correlated with age (r = -0.154), education (r = -0.106), work status (r = -0.132), income adequacy (r = -0.204, self-esteem (r = -0.617), HIV symptom self-efficacy (r = - 0.408), and self-kindness (r = - 0.284); they were significantly, positively correlated with gender (female/transgender) (r = 0.061), white or Hispanic race/ethnicity (r = 0.047) and self-judgment (r = 0.600). Fifty-one percent of the variance (F = 177.530 (df = 1524); p < 0.001) in depressive symptoms was predicted by the combination of age, education, work status, income adequacy, self-esteem, HIV symptom self-efficacy, and self-judgment. The strongest predictor of depressive symptoms was self-judgment. Results lend support to Beck's theory that those with negative self-schemas are more vulnerable to depression and suggest that clinicians should evaluate PLHIV for negative self-schemas. Tailored interventions for the treatment of depressive symptoms in PLHIV should be tested and future studies should evaluate whether alterations in negative self-schemas are the mechanism of action of these interventions and establish causality in the treatment of depressive symptoms in PLHIV. PMID:24093715
Eller, L S; Rivero-Mendez, M; Voss, J; Chen, W-T; Chaiphibalsarisdi, P; Iipinge, S; Johnson, M O; Portillo, C J; Corless, I B; Sullivan, K; Tyer-Viola, L; Kemppainen, J; Rose, C Dawson; Sefcik, E; Nokes, K; Phillips, J C; Kirksey, K; Nicholas, P K; Wantland, D; Holzemer, W L; Webel, A R; Brion, J M
Objective?To examine how psychosocial factors vary by body weight and gender among African-American adolescents.?Methods?A community sample of 235 low-income, predominantly African-American adolescents completed measures of depression, self-esteem, body-esteem, and eating attitudes. Measured weight and height were converted to body mass index (kg/m2) age and gender-adjusted z-scores. Data were analyzed using 2-factor multivariate analysis of variance.?Results?Obese youths had signif...
Witherspoon, Dawn; Latta, Laura; Wang, Yan; Black, Maureen M.
This study explores whether and how gratifications and psychological traits impact people's Facebook use. First, a factor analysis of an online survey (N= 437) outlined a unique set of gratifications obtained from the use of Facebook. Six aspects of gratifications (i.e., social surveillance, entertainment, recognition, emotional support, network extension, and maintenance) were identified. Results from regression analyses showed that psychological traits (i.e., collective self-esteem, online emotional openness, and traitlike communication apprehension) were strong predictors of most Facebook gratifications. Additionally, gratifications and, to a lesser extent, psychological traits significantly predicted Facebook usage, both in perceived importance and different indicators in the level of Facebook use. PMID:21651417
Zhang, Yin; Tang, Leo Shing-Tung; Leung, Louis
Avaliação da autoestima de mulheres submetidas à cirurgia oncológica mamária / Evaluation of the self-esteem of women who had undergone breast cancer surgery / Evaluación de la autoestima de mujeres que se sometieron a cirugía de cáncer de mama
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Estudo observacional transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido com mulheres que realizaram a cirurgia oncológica mamária no período de 2007 a 2009. Objetivou caracterizar as mulheres submetidas à cirurgia oncológica mamária e analisar a autoestima dessas. Utilizou-se questionário para av [...] aliação da autoestima com a coleta de dados sociodemográficos, clínicos e a Escala de Rosenberg. A maioria das mulheres que participou da pesquisa tinha entre 41 e 50 anos, era casada, católica, com baixa escolaridade e recebia, em média, três salários mínimos. Quanto aos aspectos clínicos, a maior parte realizou cirurgia conservadora do lado esquerdo e fez tratamentos complementares, principalmente a hormonioterapia. Com relação à autoestima, 54,10% das mulheres apresentaram autoestima alta, alfa de Cronbach de 0,77. As mulheres que possuíam autoestima alta eram casadas, retornaram ao trabalho, realizaram reconstrução mamária e não fizeram nenhum tratamento complementar. Abstract in spanish Estudio observacional transversal con abordaje cuantitativa desarrollado con mujeres que realizaron cirugía oncológica mamaria en el período de 2007 a 2009. Objetivó caracterizar las mujeres sometidas a esa cirugía y analizar su autoestima. Se utilizó un cuestionario para evaluación de la autoestima [...] con coleta de datos socio demográficos, clínicos y la Escala de Rosenberg. La mayoría de las mujeres que participaron de la pesquisa tenía entre 41 y 50 años, eran casadas, católicas, con baja escolaridad y recibían en promedio, tres sueldos mínimos. Cuanto a los aspectos clínicos, la mayor parte realizó cirugía conservadora del lado izquierdo y hicieron tratamientos complementares, principalmente hormonoterapia. Con relación a la autoestima, 54,10% presentaron autoestima alta; alfa de Cronbach de 0,77. Las mujeres que poseían autoestima alta, eran casadas, retornaron al trabajo, realizaron reconstrucción mamaria y no hicieron ningún tratamiento complementar. Abstract in english This cross-sectional observational study with a quantitative approach was developed with women who underwent breast cancer surgery in the period from 2007 to 2009. The aim was to characterize women who underwent such surgery and to analyze their self-esteem. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the [...] self-esteem with the collection of sociodemographic and clinical data and the Rosenberg Scale. The majority of the women were aged between 41 and 50 years, were married, catholic, had low levels of schooling and received on average three times the minimum wage. Regarding the clinical aspects, the majority underwent conservative surgery performed on the left side and received complementary treatments, mainly endocrine therapy. Concerning self-esteem, 54.10% of the women had high self-esteem; Cronbach's alpha of 0.77. The women who had high self-esteem were married, had returned to work, underwent breast reconstruction and had received no complementary treatment.
Nathália Silva, Gomes; Sueli Riul da, Silva.
Coping, general well-being and self-esteem play an important role during the process of adaptation to turning points in life-course. This study aimed to investigate the effect of coping on both the development of general well-being and self-esteem of adolescents with severe psychiatric problems in secure residential care. In addition, risk and protective factors were taken into account. Adolescents between the age of 16 and 18 (N = 172) were followed for 1.5 years. General well-being and self-esteem were assessed with the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents, respectively. In addition, the Utrecht Coping List for Adolescents and the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth were administered. Results showed that the longitudinal relation between general well-being and self-esteem is no longer significant after adding active and passive coping to the model. The use of active coping strategies was associated with a higher self-esteem. The use of passive coping strategies was associated with a lower self-esteem and also a lower perceived general well-being. Having multiple risks in the individual and/or social/contextual domain affected the developmental pattern of general well-being. During treatment of adolescents with severe psychiatric problems in secure residential care, attention should be paid for enhancing those capabilities and skills, like coping, which help adolescents to fulfill their needs and consequently enhance their well-being. Enhancing the well-being of adolescents might in the long run decrease the chance of reoffending and/or psychiatric relapse. PMID:25325990
Barendregt, Charlotte S; Van der Laan, André M; Bongers, Ilja L; Van Nieuwenhuizen, Chijs
The current study filled significant gaps in our knowledge of developmental psychopathology by examining the influence of multilevel risk factors and developmental assets on longitudinal trajectories of internalizing symptoms and self-esteem in an exceptionally culturally diverse sample of rural adolescents. Integrating ecological and social capital theories, we explored if positive microsystem transactions are associated with self-esteem while negative microsystem transactions increase the chances of internalizing problems. Data came from the Rural Adaptation Project, a 5-year longitudinal panel study of more than 4,000 middle school students from 28 public schools in two rural, disadvantaged counties in North Carolina. Three-level hierarchical linear modeling models were estimated to predict internalizing symptoms (e.g., depression, anxiety) and self-esteem. Relative to other students, risk for internalizing problems and low self-esteem was elevated for aggressive adolescents, students who were hassled or bullied at school, and those who were rejected by peers or in conflict with their parents. Internalizing problems were also more common among adolescents from socioeconomically disadvantaged families and neighborhoods, among those in schools with more suspensions, in students who reported being pressured by peers, and in youth who required more teacher support. It is likely that these experiences left adolescents disengaged from developing social capital from ecological microsystems (e.g., family, school, peers). On the positive side, support from parents and friends and optimism about the future were key assets associated with lower internalizing symptoms and higher self-esteem. Self-esteem was also positively related to religious orientation, school satisfaction, and future optimism. These variables show active engagement with ecological microsystems. The implications and limitations were discussed. PMID:25422975
Smokowski, Paul R; Guo, Shenyang; Rose, Roderick; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L; Bacallao, Martica
Background. A growing body of research has investigated associations between insecure attachment styles and psychosis. However, despite good theoretical and epidemiological reasons for hypothesising that insecure attachment may be specifically implicated in paranoid delusions, few studies have considered the role it plays in specific symptoms. Method. We examined the relationship between attachment style, paranoid beliefs and hallucinatory experiences in a sample of 176 people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia spectrum disorders and 113 healthy controls. We also investigated the possible role of negative self-esteem in mediating this association. Results. Insecure attachment predicted paranoia but not hallucinations after co-morbidity between the symptoms was controlled for. Negative self-esteem partially mediated the association between attachment anxiety and clinical paranoia, and fully mediated the relationship between attachment avoidance and clinical paranoia. Conclusions. It may be fruitful to explore attachment representations in psychological treatments for paranoid patients. If future research confirms the importance of disrupted attachment as a risk factor for persecutory delusions, consideration might be given to how to protect vulnerable young people, for example those raised in children's homes. PMID:25388512
Wickham, S; Sitko, K; Bentall, R P
Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, and General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.
Full Text Available In a longitudinal study conducted on 1130 adolescents (557 male and 573 female in the grades from Belgian secondary schools, we tested the influence of individual factors (motivational constructs, implicit theory of intelligence and self-esteem and environmental determinants (parenting and class environment of academic achievement (grades in mathematics, language arts and GPA at three points in time. Using hierarchical linear models, we observed a decrease of grade over the course of the study, reciprocal relations between motivational constructs, self-esteem and academic achievement, a strong positive impact of supportive parenting and a moderate influence of class environment.
A Two Year Study on the Effects of an Outdoor Residential Camp Experience with Handicapped Campers on the Self-Esteem, Attitude toward Handicapped Individuals and Locus of Control Scores of First Year Counselors.
Research was conducted at Camp ASCCA (Alabama's Special Camp for Children and Adults) to investigate the effects of an 11-week outdoor residential camp experience with handicapped campers on their self-esteem, attitude toward handicapped individuals, and locus of control scores of first year counselors with no previous experience. Self-esteem was…
Ruzicka, Susan Helen
AUTOESTIMA EN ESTUDIANTES DE PRIMER SEMESTRE DEL PROGRAMA DE PSICOLOGÍA DE UNA UNIVERSIDAD PRIVADA DE LA COSTA CARIBE COLOMBIANA -- SELF-ESTEEM OF FIRST-SEMESTER STUDENT FROM THE PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM AT A PRIVATE UNIVERSITY IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN COAST
Full Text Available Studied the level of self-esteem of students entering first semester psychology program, to then determine the effect of an intervention plan, and that self-esteem directly influences then behavior of individuals, will put the question: Which is the level of self-esteem in young people who enter the program in psychology?; for this descriptive study was organized with 128 university students of differents sexes. They were selected intencionally and were applied Coopersmith self esteem inventory (1959 in an adaptation approved J.Prewitt-Diaz (1984. The main results show that men have a better acceptance and valuation of himself that the group of women, while self-esteem in relation to family, social and educational best performance was observed in the group of women, equally although differences are not significant, the group of children has a tendency towards better performance in the areas evaluated.
LILIA ANGéLICA CAMPO TERNERA
Autoestima y empatía en adolescentes observadores, agresores y víctimas del bullying en un colegio del municipio de Chía / Self-esteem and empathy in adolescents observers, aggressors and victims of bullying at a school in the town of Chia
Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio tuvo como propósito identificar la asociación existente entre la autoestima y la empatía en un grupo de adolescentes observadores, víctimas y agresores en situación del bullying en una institución educativa del municipio de Chía. La investigación es de corte empírico analítico co [...] n un diseño descriptivo y un método de asociación. Los instrumentos que se emplearon fueron la escala de autoestima de Rosenberg, la escala de empatía del cuestionario de Conducta Prosocial de Martonell, González y Calvo (1998, validada para la población colombiana por Rey, 2003) y el "cuestionario secundaria de 12 a 16 años de edad" de la UNICEF y La Defensoría del Pueblo en España. Se tomó una muestra intencional de 57 adolescentes. Los resultados obtenidos se analizaron con base en el paquete estadístico SPSS, encontrándose que la relación que existe entre la empatía y autoestima en los observadores es inversamente proporcional, mientras que en las víctimas es directamente proporcional, por ser la población de victimarios muy poco significativa no se hizo asociación entre estas variables. Abstract in english This study had purpose of identify the association between self-esteem and empathy within a group of observers, victims and aggressors adolescents under a bullying situation at an educational institution located in the town of Chía. The investigation is analytical empirical cutting a descriptive des [...] ign with an association method. Instruments used were the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale, empathy scale from the Martonell, González and Calvo (1998, validated by Rey, 2003 for Colombian population), the Prosocial Conduct questionnaire and UNICEF and People's Defender in Spain "high school questionnaire for 12 to 16 years of age kids". An intentional sample consisting of 57 adolescents was taken. Results obtained were analyzed taking the SPSS statistical package as the basis to find that the existing relation between empathy and self-esteem in observers is inversely proportional, while for victims it is directly proportional, and since the aggressor population is not quite significant no correlation between such variables was made.
Carolina Natalia, Plata Ordoñez; María del Carmen, Riveros Otaya; Jaime Humberto, Moreno Méndez.
Sintomatologia de depresión, ansiedad y baja autoestima en mujeres obesas con trastorno del comedor compulsivo / Symptoms of depression, anxiety and low self-esteem in women with obesity and binge eating disorder
Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la presencia de sintomatología de depresión, ansiedad y baja autoestima en mujeres con obesidad y trastorno del comedor compulsivo. Se seleccionaron a 60 mujeres usuarias del sistema de atención primaria de salud de la comuna de Lautaro. Dentro de los crite [...] rios de inclusión se determinaron: diagnóstico nutricional de obesidad, sin patologías médicas y mentales diagnosticadas y la presencia del Trastorno del Comedor Compulsivo. Se les aplicaron aplicaron de manera individual la Escala de Depresión y de Ansiedad de Goldberg y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Para los resultados se utilizó un análisis descriptivo, a través de una distribución de frecuencias y una prueba de chi². Se observó que este grupo mayoritariamente si presentaba sintomatología de depresión y ansiedad, que se correlaciona con la literatura. Sin embargo, no se observó una baja autoestima, que se contrapone con los antecedentes analizados. Este estudio, nos muestra que la obesidad no es tan sólo un síntoma aislado, sino que existen antecedentes psicopatológicos a considerar: como depresión y ansiedad, el cual se debería incorporar dentro del diagnóstico integral en el equipo de atención primaria de salud para un posterior plan de intervención multidisciplinario. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to determine the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety and low self-esteem in women with obesity and binge eating disorder. 60 women using the primary health care system in Lautaro were selected. Within the inclusion criteria were identified diagnosis of nutriti [...] onal obesity and the presence of binge eating disorder without medical and mental disorders. Depression Scale Anxiety of Goldberg and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were applied individually. For descriptive analysis results were used, through a frequency distribution and chi² test. Among the findings it was noted that this group had mostly symptoms of depression and anxiety, which correlates with the literature. However, low self-esteem, which contrasts with the evidence examined, was not observed. This study shows that obesity is not just a simple symptom, but there are psychopathological backgrounds like depression and anxiety to consider, which should be incorporated into the comprehensive diagnosis in its primary health care plan for later multidisciplinary intervention.
Fabiola Andrea, Godoy L.
The author sought to identify differences in kinship social support, self-esteem, and coping responses between African American college students who identify themselves as adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and adult children of nonalcoholics (non-ACOAs) at 2 separate universities. The results indicate that there were no differences in levels of…
Hall, J. Camille
The present study examined whether self-esteem mediates the relationship between two aspects of ethnic identity (i.e. ethnic identity exploration and ethnic identity commitment-affirmation) and externalizing problem behaviour in Dutch, Turkish-Dutch and Moroccan-Dutch adolescents living in the Netherlands. A total number of 345 adolescents (115…
Wissink, Inge B.; Dekovic, Maja; Yagmur, Sengul; Stams, Geert Jan; de Haan, Mariette
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a counseling program designed to improve pupil self-esteem, thereby hopefully reducing the number of future school dropouts The program was conducted at Cooley Education and Vocational Guidance Center and served 87 pupils. The need for such a program was apparent when the high rate of secondary…
Bennett, Edward C.
The current longitudinal study of 323 Latino adolescents (50.5% male; M age = 15.31 years) examined whether ethnic identity exploration, resolution, and affirmation demonstrated significant growth over a 4-year period and whether growth in ethnic identity predicted growth in self-esteem. Findings from multiple-group latent growth curve models…
Umana-Taylor, Adriana J.; Gonzales-Backen, Melinda A.; Guimond, Amy B.
Using objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997), this study tested the interaction between self-objectification, appearance evaluation, and self-esteem in predicting body satisfaction and mood states. Participants (N = 93) were physically active female university students. State self-objectification was manipulated by participants wearing tight revealing exercise attire (experimental condition) or baggy exercise clothes (control condition). Significant interactions emerged predicti...
Thøgersen-ntoumani, Cecilie; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Cumming, Jennifer; Bartholomew, Kimberley; Pearce, Gemma
The present study extends earlier research identifying an increased risk of anxiety among children with chronic physical illness (CwCPI) by examining a more complete model that explains how physical illness leads to increased symptoms of anxiety and depression. We tested a stress-generation model linking chronic physical illness to symptoms of anxiety and depression in a population-based sample of children aged 10 to 15 years. We hypothesized that having a chronic physical illness would be associated with more symptoms of anxiety and depression, increased levels of maternal depressive symptoms, more family dysfunction, and lower self-esteem; and, that maternal depressive symptoms, family dysfunction, and child self-esteem would mediate the influence of chronic physical illness on symptoms of anxiety and depression. Data came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (N?=?10,646). Mediating processes were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling. Childhood chronic physical illness was associated with increases in symptoms of anxiety and depression, ??=?0.20, p?family dysfunction, leading to declines in child self-esteem, and in turn, increases in symptoms of anxiety and depression. CwCPI are at-risk for symptoms of anxiety and depression. Some of this elevated risk appears to work through family processes and child self-esteem. This study supports the use of family-centered care approaches among CwCPI to minimize burden on families and promote healthy psychological development for children. PMID:24938212
Ferro, Mark A; Boyle, Michael H
The California Critical Thinking Skills Test--College Level (CCTST) was examined in terms of the possible impact on critical thinking (CT) skill performance of: (1) student gender; (2) ethnicity; (3) academic major; and (4) CT self-esteem. The CCTST was administered to 1,196 students at California State University (Fullerton) in the 1989-90 school…
Facione, Peter A.
Excessive mobile phone use, especially among adolescents, brings too many debates about its effects. To this end, in this study, we try to investigate the relationship between adolescents' mobile phone use and their self-esteem levels with regard to their genders. For 919 high school students, we evaluated mobile phone use concerning their…
Isiklar, Abdullah; Sar, Ali Haydar; Durmuscelebi, Mustafa
To explore the effects of web-based instruction (WBI) on math anxiety, the sense of mastery, and global self-esteem, we use quasi-experimental data from undergraduate statistics students in classes assigned to three study conditions, each with varied access to, and incentive for, the use of online technologies. Results suggest that when statistics…
Van Gundy, Karen; Morton, Beth A.; Liu, Hope Q.; Kline, Jennifer
This evaluation of 16 children (ages 7-12) with achondroplasia from Transkei, Hungary, and Nigeria found that, compared to controls, subjects had more behavior problems and less self-esteem. Subjects were socially withdrawn, internalized emotional problems, had lower academic performance, found less adaptive solutions to frustration, and faced…
How self-esteem is related to social environment and the elastic-plastic processing of mindies was studied in students aged 13 to 16 years. A "mindy" is a unit process of the mind constructed through using a mental shape. Subjects were 12 students aged 13, 31 students aged 14, 31 aged 15, and 6 aged 16 at a secondary comprehensive school in…
Laasonen, Raimo J.
The response styles theory of depression (Nolen-Hoeksema, 1991) proposes three main strategies individuals employ in response to low mood: rumination, active coping (distraction and problem-solving) and risk taking. Although recent research has suggested this theory has utility in understanding the symptoms of bipolar disorder (BD), the role of these processes in conferring vulnerability to the condition is poorly understood. Twenty-three adolescent children of patients with BD and 25 offspring of well parents completed the Experience Sampling Method (ESM; Csikszentmihalyi and Larson, 1987) diary for six days. Longitudinal analyses were carried out to examine inter-relationships between mood, self-esteem and response styles. Increased negative as well as positive mood resulted in greater rumination in both groups. Low self-esteem triggered greater risk-taking at the subsequent time point in the at-risk group, while negative affect instigated increased active coping in the control group. In both groups, engagement in risk-taking improved mood at the subsequent time point, whilst rumination dampened self-esteem. Differential longitudinal associations between mood, self-esteem and response styles between at-risk and control children suggest early psychological vulnerability in the offspring of BD parents, with important indications for early intervention. PMID:25529261
Pavlickova, Hana; Turnbull, Oliver H; Myin-Germeys, Inez; Bentall, Richard P
Background: Body satisfaction interventions have typically been multifaceted and targeted at clinical populations. The aim of the present research was to isolate the effects of self-affirmation on body satisfaction in a community sample and to see whether self-affirmation works by basing one's self-esteem on domains other than body weight and…
Armitage, Christopher J.
This paper presents the results of a study conducted to assess differences among African American adolescents based on skin tone. It was hypothesized that the students would demonstrate differences in self-esteem, ethnic identity, and cross-cultural coping strategies based on their skin tones. One hundred thirteen African American adolescents…
Breland, Alfiee M.; Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Steward, Robbie J.
Full Text Available The phenomenon of "commitment escalation" originated from decision makers, and is part never encountered by traditional risk control theory. The phenomenon of commitment escalation frequently occurs in decision making of an enterprise, which seriously affects cultural establishment and training of core competition of the enterprise. In order to search for explanatory variables of "commitment escalation", authors of this article introduced "self-esteem level" and "sunk cost level" for examination, employed scenario simulation experiment and the analytical technique of contingency table for a statistic test. The research results indicate that, when faced up with the high level of sunk cost, the decision maker is more likely to choose commitment escalation than when faced up with the low level of sunk cost, no matter the self-esteem level of the decision maker is high or low; when faced up with the same level of sunk cost, the decision maker with high self-esteem level is believed to be much more likely to choose commitment escalation than the one with low self-esteem level.
The current study examined the relations among self-esteem, approving normative beliefs about bullying, school climate, and bullying perpetration using a large, longitudinal sample of children from elementary, middle, and high school. Self-report surveys were collected at two points in time over the course of 1 year from 7,299 ethnically diverse…
Gendron, Brian P.; Williams, Kirk R.; Guerra, Nancy G.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the role of perceived fair interpersonal treatment, organization-based self-esteem, and some demographic characteristics in innovative work behavior among employees of a Nigerian bank. Data were collected from a randomly selected sample of 185 employees through a structured questionnaire. Hierarchical multiple regression and One-Way Analysis of Variance were carried out to test hypotheses. The results reveal significant positive influence of perceived fair interpersonal treatment and organization-based self-esteem on innovative work behavior. Lastly, the results show significant effect of level of education on innovative work behavior. The findings suggest that perceived fair interpersonal treatment and organization-based self-esteem are important predictors of innovative work behavior. Therefore, organizations should focus on improving the levels of organizational based self-esteem among employees who scored low on this trait by providing more recognition and importance. They should also strive to ensure fair interpersonal treatment among employees in order to promote motivation to engage in innovative work behavior.
Compares the development of self-esteem and psychological well being in clients who participated in an experimental course on group process with those who did not participate. Results suggest that clients who were taught group process showed greater increases along these variables. Discusses the implications for the importance of helping clients…
Barr, Kyran; Emer, Denise; Keller, Peggy
This study examined the longitudinal relationship between self-esteem and body image distress, as well as the moderating effect of relationships with parents, among adolescents in Korea, using nationally representative prospective panel data. Regarding causal direction, the findings supported bi-directionality for girls, but for boys the…
Park, Woochul; Epstein, Norman B.
Theories that posit multiplicative relationships between variables are common in psychology. A. G. Greenwald et al. recently presented a theory that explicated relationships between group identification, group attitudes, and self-esteem. Their theory posits a multiplicative relationship between concepts when predicting a criterion variable.…
Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James
In this study, we investigated the relationship between perceived physical appearance and life satisfaction, and the role of self-esteem as mediator and life experience as moderator of the relationship in deaf and hearing adolescents. 118 Chinese deaf adolescents (55.1% male; mean age = 15.12 years, standard deviation [SD] = 2.13) from 5 special education schools and 132 Chinese hearing adolescents (53.8% male; mean age = 13.11 years, SD = .85) completed anonymous questionnaires regarding perceived physical appearance, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Perceived physical appearance, self-esteem, and life satisfaction were significantly and positively associated with each other. Moreover, self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between perceived physical appearance and life satisfaction; however, this indirect link was weaker for deaf adolescents than it was for hearing adolescents. Implications of the findings and future research directions are discussed, as are potential interventions that can be applied to increase subjective well-being in deaf adolescents. PMID:25540861
Lu, Aitao; Hong, Xiuxiu; Yu, Yanping; Ling, Hong; Tian, Haiping; Yu, Zuwei; Chang, Lei
This study examined the influences of generational status, self-esteem, academic self-efficacy, and perceived social support on 367 undergraduate college students' well-being. Findings showed that 1st-generation students reported significantly more somatic symptoms and lower levels of academic self-efficacy than did non-1st-generation students. In…
Wang, Chia-Chih D. C.; Castaneda-Sound, Carrie
We examined the possible mediating role of physical self-perceptions, physical self-esteem, and global self-esteem in the relationships between exercise and depression in a group of socioeconomically disadvantaged women with elevated symptoms of depression. Forty-four female residents of a low-income housing complex were randomized into a 7-week-long exercise-training group or a wait-list group. Depression, physical self-perceptions and self-esteem were measured repeatedly. Significant changes were found for depression, self-esteem, physical self-worth, and self-perceived physical condition in the exercise-training group. Intent-to-treat analyses did not alter the results. Most of the reduction in depression occurred between Week 2 and Week 4 while initial improvement in physical self-worth and self-perceived physical condition was observed between baseline and Week 2. These variables can be seen as plausible mechanisms for effects of exercise on depression. PMID:25226604
Legrand, Fabien D
This study tested a structural equation model to estimate the relationship between health behaviors, body mass index (BMI), and self-esteem and the academic achievement of adolescents. The authors analyzed survey data from the 2000 study of "Youth in Iceland", a population-based, cross-sectional sample of 6,346 adolescents in Iceland. The model…
Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Allegrante, John P.
Full Text Available Employee silence behaviour is a major impediment in organisations` attempt to leverage on the stock of knowledge in its diverse workforce. In order to contribute to the understanding of this concept, Dimitras and Vakola tested a silence behaviour model in which silence climate was found to affect the enactment of employees silence behaviour. The model tested in this study improved on this by accounting for the moderating role of self-esteem and locus of control and also indicating silence behaviour as both antecedent and outcome of work attitudes. Results obtained justify the recommended expansion. Recommendations are to always account for individual differences in silence behaviour model and apply system management in the application of the model.
Okey E. Amah
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of BodyThink, a widely disseminated body image and self-esteem program. Participants were 277, grade 7 students from 4 secondary schools in Australia. The intervention group (62 girls, 85 boys) participated in BodyThink during four 50-min lessons, while the control group (65 girls, 65 boys) received their usual classes. All participants completed baseline, postintervention and 3-month follow-up questionnaires. For girls, the intervention group reported higher media literacy and lower internalization of the thin ideal compared to the control group. For boys, the intervention group reported higher media literacy and body satisfaction than the control group. Although some positive outcomes were observed, it would be valuable to find ways to enhance the impact of BodyThink, especially in light of its wide dissemination. Suggestions for improving BodyThink are presented. PMID:19188101
Richardson, Shanel M; Paxton, Susan J; Thomson, Julie S
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La autoestima se considera un componente psicológico fundamental de la calidad de vida y del bienestar personal e incluso ha sido propuesta como un área de intervención para mejorar la calidad de vida en la población mayor. El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido analizar la autoestima en personas mayor [...] es de 65 años que realizan o no actividad física-deportiva. La muestra la componen 184 personas, de las que 92 realizan actividad física-deportiva y otras 92 no realizan actividad física-deportiva. Mediante una batería de pruebas se recogieron datos sociodemográficos, de frecuencia y duración de la actividad física-deportiva y de autoestima. Los resultados muestran un mayor nivel de autoestima entre las personas mayores que realizan actividad física-deportiva que las que no la realizan. Otros estudios muestran la relación positiva entre la autoestima y la realización de actividad física sobre la base de un programa con actividades y metodologías de carácter colectivo. Abstract in english Self-esteem is considered a key psychological component of quality of life and personal well-being and has even been proposed as an area of intervention to improve the quality of life in the elderly population. The aim of this study was to analyze self-esteem in people over 65 years old who engaged [...] in sports and physical activities or not. The sample consisted of 184 people; 92 engaged in physical activity and sports and 92 did not. We applied a battery of questionnaires to determine socio-demographic characteristics, the frequency and duration of physical activity and sports, and level of self-esteem. The results show that older people who engage in physical activity and sports have a higher level of self-esteem than those who do not. Based on a program of activities and collective methodologies, other studies have shown a positive relationship between self-esteem and physical activity.
Alfonso Javier, García; Yolanda, Troyano.
What impact do gender roles and self-esteem have on early adolescent girls' abilities to solve problems when participating in natural science-related activities? Bronfenbrenner's human ecology model and Barker's behavior setting theory were used to assess how environmental contexts relate to problem solving in scientific contexts. These models also provided improved methodology and increased understanding of these constructs when compared with prior research. Early adolescent girls gender roles and self-esteem were found to relate to differences in problem solving in science-related groups. Specifically, early adolescent girls' gender roles were associated with levels of verbal expression, expression of positive affect, dominance, and supportive behavior during science experiments. Also, levels of early adolescent girls self-esteem were related to verbal expression and dominance in peer groups. Girls with high self-esteem also were more verbally expressive and had higher levels of dominance during science experiments. The dominant model of a masculine-typed and feminine-typed dichotomy of problem solving based on previous literature was not effective in Identifying differences within girls' problem solving. Such differences in the results of these studies may be the result of this study's use of observational measures and analysis of the behavior settings in which group members participated. Group behavior and problem-solving approaches of early adolescent girls seemed most likely to be defined by environmental contexts, not governed solely by the personalities of participants. A discussion for the examination of environmental factors when assessing early adolescent girls' gender roles and self-esteem follows this discussion.
Full Text Available RESUMENEsta investigación se considera importante la autoestima para el desarrollo socio afectivo de los escolares; por ello seconsidera su evaluación. Tuvo como objetivo analizar las respuestas emitidas por niños de Educación Básica, ante unaprueba de autoestima; indagar la composición del puntaje; determinar desde cual dimensión de la prueba, se aporta más ala composición del mismo; establecer comparaciones posibles según niveles de escolaridad y género.Los resultadosindican que el puntaje global de autoestima está conformado a expensas de los ítemes referidos al componente socioafectivo;asimismo se encontraron diferencias entre los grupos, con correlaciones significativas entre edad y autoestima. Se concluyeque la autoestima de este grupo de escolares está basada en la dimensión socio afectiva; se apoya la idea de la existencia deun cambio evolutivo en la variable, lo cual obedece a aspectos de tipo madurativo y experiencial. Se recomienda conformarun clima emocional favorable en la escuela para facilitar el desarrollo socio afectivo de los escolares.ABSTRACTThis investigation considers the self-esteem for the affective development of the students important; for that reason itsevaluation is considered. It had like objective to analyze the answers emitted by children of Basic Education, before a testof self-esteem; to investigate the composition of the punctuation; to determine from what dimension of the test, more to thecomposition of the same is contributed; to establish possible comparisons according to schooling levels and sort.The results indicate that the global punctuation of self-esteem is conformed at the expense of items referred the affectivecomponent; also were differences between the groups, with significant correlations between age and self-esteem. Oneconcludes that the self-esteem of this group of students is based on the affective dimension; the idea of the existence of anevolutionary change in the variable leans, which obeys to aspects of maturity and experiential type. The development isrecommended to conform a positive emotional climate in the school facilitating affective partner of the students.
Miren De Tejada Lagonell*
Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Analizar las relaciones directas e indirectas entre el funcionamiento familiar, la autoestima considerada desde una perspectiva multidimensional (autoestima familiar, escolar, social y física) y el consumo de sustancias. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Los datos se recogieron durante el año escolar 20 [...] 03-2004 y corresponden a dos muestras independientes de adolescentes españoles (n1= 414, Castilla y León; n2= 625, Comunidad Valenciana). Para el análisis de datos se utilizó la técnica estadística de ecuaciones estructurales y se siguió el procedimiento de análisis de efectos mediadores de Holmbeck (1997). RESULTADOS: La autoestima media significativamente la influencia del funcionamiento familiar en el consumo de sustancias de los adolescentes. Además, se observa, por un lado, un efecto protector de las autoestimas familiar y escolar frente a la implicación en el consumo de sustancias y, por otro, un efecto de riesgo de las autoestimas social y física. CONCLUSIONES: Parece necesario adoptar una perspectiva multidimensional en el estudio de la autoestima de adolescentes consumidores y prevenir la sobrevaloración en las dimensiones social y física. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This research analyzes the direct and indirect relationships among family functioning, multidimensional self-esteem (family, academic, social, and physical self-esteem) and substance use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were composed of two independent samples of Spanish ado [...] lescents who provided information during the 2003-2004 academic year (n1= 414, Castilla & León; n2= 625, Comunidad Valenciana). The statistical analyses were carried out using structural equation modelling and the procedure of mediation effects analysis (Holmbeck, 1997). RESULTS: Results showed a significant mediational effect of self-esteem on the relation between family functioning and adolescent substance use. Moreover, results showed, on the one hand, a protection effect of family and academic self-esteem in the face of substance use and, on the other hand, a risk effect of social and physical self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to adopt a multidimensional perspective when analyzing the self-esteem of adolescents with substance use and to prevent the over-valuation of social and physical dimensions.
Gonzalo, Musitu; Teresa I., Jiménez; Sergio, Murgui.
Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Analizar las relaciones directas e indirectas entre el funcionamiento familiar, la autoestima considerada desde una perspectiva multidimensional (autoestima familiar, escolar, social y física) y el consumo de sustancias. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Los datos se recogieron durante el año escolar 20 [...] 03-2004 y corresponden a dos muestras independientes de adolescentes españoles (n1= 414, Castilla y León; n2= 625, Comunidad Valenciana). Para el análisis de datos se utilizó la técnica estadística de ecuaciones estructurales y se siguió el procedimiento de análisis de efectos mediadores de Holmbeck (1997). RESULTADOS: La autoestima media significativamente la influencia del funcionamiento familiar en el consumo de sustancias de los adolescentes. Además, se observa, por un lado, un efecto protector de las autoestimas familiar y escolar frente a la implicación en el consumo de sustancias y, por otro, un efecto de riesgo de las autoestimas social y física. CONCLUSIONES: Parece necesario adoptar una perspectiva multidimensional en el estudio de la autoestima de adolescentes consumidores y prevenir la sobrevaloración en las dimensiones social y física. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This research analyzes the direct and indirect relationships among family functioning, multidimensional self-esteem (family, academic, social, and physical self-esteem) and substance use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were composed of two independent samples of Spanish ado [...] lescents who provided information during the 2003-2004 academic year (n1= 414, Castilla & León; n2= 625, Comunidad Valenciana). The statistical analyses were carried out using structural equation modelling and the procedure of mediation effects analysis (Holmbeck, 1997). RESULTS: Results showed a significant mediational effect of self-esteem on the relation between family functioning and adolescent substance use. Moreover, results showed, on the one hand, a protection effect of family and academic self-esteem in the face of substance use and, on the other hand, a risk effect of social and physical self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to adopt a multidimensional perspective when analyzing the self-esteem of adolescents with substance use and to prevent the over-valuation of social and physical dimensions.
Gonzalo, Musitu; Teresa I., Jiménez; Sergio, Murgui.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar las relaciones directas e indirectas entre el funcionamiento familiar, la autoestima considerada desde una perspectiva multidimensional (autoestima familiar, escolar, social y física y el consumo de sustancias. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Los datos se recogieron durante el año escolar 2003-2004 y corresponden a dos muestras independientes de adolescentes españoles (n1= 414, Castilla y León; n2= 625, Comunidad Valenciana. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó la técnica estadística de ecuaciones estructurales y se siguió el procedimiento de análisis de efectos mediadores de Holmbeck (1997. RESULTADOS: La autoestima media significativamente la influencia del funcionamiento familiar en el consumo de sustancias de los adolescentes. Además, se observa, por un lado, un efecto protector de las autoestimas familiar y escolar frente a la implicación en el consumo de sustancias y, por otro, un efecto de riesgo de las autoestimas social y física. CONCLUSIONES: Parece necesario adoptar una perspectiva multidimensional en el estudio de la autoestima de adolescentes consumidores y prevenir la sobrevaloración en las dimensiones social y física.OBJECTIVE: This research analyzes the direct and indirect relationships among family functioning, multidimensional self-esteem (family, academic, social, and physical self-esteem and substance use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study participants were composed of two independent samples of Spanish adolescents who provided information during the 2003-2004 academic year (n1= 414, Castilla & León; n2= 625, Comunidad Valenciana. The statistical analyses were carried out using structural equation modelling and the procedure of mediation effects analysis (Holmbeck, 1997. RESULTS: Results showed a significant mediational effect of self-esteem on the relation between family functioning and adolescent substance use. Moreover, results showed, on the one hand, a protection effect of family and academic self-esteem in the face of substance use and, on the other hand, a risk effect of social and physical self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: It is necessary to adopt a multidimensional perspective when analyzing the self-esteem of adolescents with substance use and to prevent the over-valuation of social and physical dimensions.
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En consonancia con la teoría del apego, la calidad de la relación con figuras significativas juegan un papel clave en el desarrollo psicosocial, contribuyendo, entre otras cosas, para el desarrollo de la autoestima y estrategias de coping. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución di [...] ferencial de variables relacionales (incluidas las relaciones con los padres, pares y profesores) en la predicción de la autoestima y coping en una muestra de 216 adolescentes, entre 14 y 16 años y de ambos sexos. El apego a los padres, las relaciones con los pares y con profesores revelaron diferentes configuraciones de las variables en la explicación de la autoestima y coping. La autoestima es positivamente predicha por la calidad de lazo emocional y negativamente por la inhibición de la exploración y la individualidad en la vinculación a los padres. El coping activo es positivamente predicho por la autoestima y la relación a los pares. Se observó un efecto positivo e indirecto de la calidad del lazo emocional en el coping activo a través de la autoestima y la relación a los pares. La relación con los pares parece ser mejorada por la calidad de la relación con los profesores. Los resultados serán discutidos en función de la teoría del apego y de acuerdo con una perspectiva ecológica del desarrollo. Abstract in english Consistent with attachment theory, the quality of relationships with significant figures plays a vital role in psychosocial development, contributing, among other aspects, to the development of coping and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to determine the differential contribution of relatio [...] nal variables (namely relationship with parents, peers and teachers) in predicting coping and self-esteem in a sample of 216 adolescents, 14 to 19 aged, from both genders. Parental attachment, relationships with peers and with teachers evidence different configurations in explaining self-esteem and coping variables. Self-esteem is predicted positively by quality of emotional bond and negatively by parental inhibition of exploration and individuality. Active coping is predicted positively by self-esteem and attachment to peers. However there is an indirect and positive effect of quality of emotional bond in active coping, through self-esteem and peers attachment. Relationship with peers is increased by quality of relationship with teachers. Results are discussed according to attachment theory and an ecological perspective of development.
Catarina, Pinheiro Mota; Paula, Mena Matos.
Miedo a la evaluación negativa, autoestima y presión psicológica: efectos sobre el rendimiento deportivo en adolescentes / Fear of negative evaluation, self-esteem and choking under pressure: effects on sport performance in adolescents / Medo da avaliação negativa, auto-estima e pressão psicológica: efeitos sobre o rendimento desportivo em adolescentes
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O objectivo do presente estudo consistiu em examinar o medo da avaliação negativa e a auto-estima como possíveis factores modeladores do choking (quebra de rendimento desportivo associada à pressão psicológica). Participaram 100 estudantes do ensino secundário (56% eram mulheres), os quais completar [...] am a Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) e a Self-Esteem Scale (SES) antes de participarem num set de badminton em condições de baixa e elevada pressão. Os dados baseados em ANOVAs apoiam a hipótese de que o medo da avaliação negativa actua como moderador do deterioro do rendimento desportivo. Os participantes com elevado nível de medo da avaliação negativa experienciaram uma quebra significativa no rendimento desportivo durante a condição de elevada pressão; o efeito da auto-estima associou-se, em geral, a um superior rendimento desportivo. O presente estudo amplia a literatura sobre o choking no âmbito do desporto, proporcionando evidência sobre a implicação do medo da avaliação negativa e da auto-estima no campo da psicologia da actividade física e do desporto. Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente estudio consistió en examinar el miedo a la evaluación negativa y la autoestima como posibles factores moduladores del choking (caída del rendimiento deportivo asociado a la presión psicológica). Participaron 100 estudiantes de secundaria (el 56% eran mujeres), los cuales cu [...] mplimentaron la Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) y la Self-Esteem Scale (SES) antes de participar en un set de bádminton en condiciones de baja y alta presión. Los datos basados en ANOVAs apoyan la hipótesis de que el miedo a la evaluación negativa actúa como modulador del deterioro del rendimiento deportivo. Los participantes con elevado nivel de miedo a la evaluación negativa experimentaron una caída significativa en el rendimiento deportivo durante la condición de alta presión; el efecto de la autoestima se asoció, en general, a mayor rendimiento deportivo. El presente estudio amplía la literatura sobre el choking en el ámbito del deporte, proporcionando evidencia sobre la implicación del miedo a la evaluación negativa y la autoestima en el campo de la psicología de la actividad física y el deporte. Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to examine the fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem as moderators of choking in sport. One hundred high school students (56% were females) completed the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) and the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) prior to completing a badminton se [...] t in low-pressure and high-pressure conditions. Data based on a series of ANOVAs supported the hypothesis that fear of negative evaluation acts as a moderator of the choking effect under psychological pressure. Participants with high fear of negative evaluation showed a significant drop on sport performance from low- to high-pressure phases. In general, high-self-esteem was associated to high levels of performance. The present study extends the choking literature, including the constructs of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem as possible relevant variables implicated in the field of sport performance.
José, Molina; Paloma, Chorot; Rosa M., Valiente; Bonifacio, Sandín.
Ethnic/racial discrimination has persistent negative implications for both physical and mental health. The current study employs a risk and resilience framework to explore the joint effects of ethnic/racial discrimination and sleep disturbance on psychosocial outcomes among adolescents. In a sample of 146 minority and White adolescents (70 % female), changes in depressive symptoms, anxiety, and self-esteem over 3 years are explored using growth curve models. Regardless of ethnic background, adolescents reporting high levels of ethnic/racial discrimination and poor sleep also reported a corresponding increase in depressive symptoms and lower levels of self-esteem over time. Adolescents reporting all other combinations of sleep quality and ethnic/racial discrimination reported more positive adjustment over time. The joint effects of sleep and ethnic/racial discrimination on adolescent psychosocial development are discussed. PMID:24682960
This research examines how people respond when a commercial brand they identify with is threatened. Across four studies, the authors found that among participants who identified with a brand, a threat to the brand elicited the same responses as a threat to the self. Specifically, participants with low implicit self-esteem defended the brand when the self was activated, unlike their high implicit self-esteem counterparts. In addition, brand defense was reduced when individuals had the opportunity to affirm a valued aspect of their self-concept. These findings suggest that when a brand that people identify with is threatened, they may defend the brand to preserve the integrity of the self. More broadly, these findings are consistent with the notion that brands may be included into the extended self-concept, which supports William James's original ideas concerning the breadth and heterogeneity of the self. PMID:22611054
Lisjak, Monika; Lee, Angela Y; Gardner, Wendi L
Self-efficacy, physical competence and self-esteem in basketball participants with and without physical disability Auto-eficácia, competência física e auto-estima em praticantes de basquetebol com e sem deficiência física
The purpose of this study was to assess the hypothetical hierarchical relationship between self-efficacy, physical self and global self-esteem, in groups with and without physical disability as well as gender and condition between groups. A second purpose was to assess the influence of independent variables, such as time and frequency of sport involvement, on self-efficacy, physical competence and global self-esteem for each of the groups studied. Participants were 193 basketball players, 59 ...
José Pedro Ferreira; Pedro Miguel Gaspar; Maria João Campos; Cristina Maria Senra
Assessment of nursing students' self-esteem at a university in the South of Minas Gerais (Brazil) / Avaliação da autoestima em estudantes de enfermagem de uma universidade do sul de Minas Gerais (Brasil) / Evaluación de la autoestima en estudiantes de enfermería de una universidad del sur de Minas Gerais (Brasil)
Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Objetivo. Avaliar a autoestima dos alunos de enfermagem e explorar a relação da mesma com fatores de formação profissional que pudessem influenciá-la. Metodologia. Investigação descritiva realizada com 135 estudantes de enfermagem de uma universidade do sul de Minas Gerais (Brasil). A recolha da inf [...] ormação se fez de maio a setembro de 2011. Utilizou-se um formulário auto-aplicado que recolhia a informação das características sócio-demográficas e de satisfação com a carreira eleita, e a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Resultados. Do total, 90% é de sexo feminino, 41% tem 20 anos ou menos, e 96% é solteiro. Um de cada três estava matriculado nos dois primeiros anos da carreira. Por nível de autoestima se encontrou que num 68% foi elevada, um 30% foi média, e num 2% foi baixa. Encontrou-se uma relação positiva entre o nível de autoestima e a perspectiva profissional (p=0.011). Conclusão. A maior parte dos alunos de enfermagem apresentam autoestima elevada, a qual está relacionada com a perspectiva profissional. Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Evaluar la autoestima de los alumnos de enfermería y explorar la relación de la misma con factores de formación profesional que pudieran influenciarla. Metodología. Investigación descriptiva realizada con 135 estudiantes de enfermería de una universidad del sur de Minas Gerais (Brasil). La [...] recolección de la información se hizo de mayo a septiembre de 2011. Se utilizó un formulario autoaplicado que recogía la información de las características sociodemográficas y de satisfacción con la carrera elegida, y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Resultados. Del total, el 90% es de sexo femenino, 41% tiene 20 o menos, y el 96% es soltero. Uno de cada tres estaba matriculado en los dos primeros años de la carrera. Por nivel de autoestima se encontró que en un 68% fue elevada, un 30% fue media, y en un 2% fue baja. Se encontró una relación positiva entre el nivel de autoestima y la perspectiva profesional (p=0.011). Conclusión. La mayor parte de los alumnos de enfermería presentan autoestima elevada, la cual está relacionada con la perspectiva profesional. Abstract in english Objective. To assess the self-esteem of nursing students and explore its relationship with professional training factors that could affect it. Methodology. Descriptive research, involving 135 nursing students at a university in the South of the state of Minas Gerais (Brazil). Data collection was per [...] formed between May and September 2011, using a self-report form that collected information about the sociodemographic characteristics and satisfaction with the career chosen, as well as the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results. From the total, 90% of students were female, 41% were 20 years of age or younger, and 96% were single. One in each three was taking the first year of their program. Concerning the self-esteem level, 68% presented high self-esteem, 30% average and 2% low. A positive relationship was found between the level of self-esteem and professional perspective (p=0.011). Conclusion. Most nursing students presented high self-esteem, which was related to the professional perspective.
Erika Cássia, Lopes Chaves; Talita, Prado Simão; Iara Siqueira, de Oliveira; Isis, Prado de Souza; Denise, Hollanda Iunes; Denismar, Alves Nogueira.
Objective: Examining the interrelationship between quality of life, hardiness, selfefficacy and self-esteem among working (professional and non-professional), and non-working married women has motivated the researcher to launch this study. Method: The samples in the present study consisted of 250 married employed women and 250 married unemployed women in the age range of 24-41 years old belonging to lower, middle, and upper socioeconomic status groups, with educational qualification of 10&plu...
Promila Vasudeva; Irandokht Asadi Sadeghi Azar; Abdolghani Abdollahi M
The effects of enculturation, self-esteem, subjective well-being, and social support on resilience among urban American Indian (AI) adolescents from a South Central region of the U.S. were explored. Of the 196 participants, 114 (58.2%) were female and 82 (41.8%) were male (ages 14-18 years). Thirty-three percent of the variance in resilience was…
Stumblingbear-Riddle, Glenna; Romans, John S. C.
Medical students (fourth-year: n = 67; fifth-year: n = 63) estimated inpatients' feelings of anxiety, self-esteem, purpose-in-life, and multidimensional health locus of control. Their ratings were compared both with the ratings given by the 121 inpatients themselves and with those given by nursing practitioners (nurses and nursing students). Findings showed that the medical students overestimated inpatients' anxiety, while they underestimated the inpatients' purpose-in-life and internal healt...
Nagata H; Ohta T.; Aoyama H
The study investigated whether family functioning can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of normally achieving (NA) and at risk for learning disabilities (LD) students in Oman regardless of parent education level and gender status. A total of 259 elementary school students were selected from schools in the main districts of Muscat, the capital and largest city in Oman. The participants included 259 students referred for learning disabilities (78) and normally achieving st...
Mahmoud Mohamed Emam; Usama Saad Abu-Serei
Full Text Available E-portfolios are known as a technology- supported learning method for the documentation of competency development. In this article the didactic approach, the course design and the results of the Leonardo da Vinci project MOSEP (More self-esteem with my e-portfolio are described. The main objective of the project was to develop, test and evaluate a new e-portfolio training concept for teachers and tutors in order to support learners during their competence development phase.
Full Text Available Background: Physical self-concept and physical self-esteem are important sources of general self-esteem and overall health. Evidence indicates that exercise leads to an enhancement in physical self-concept and physical self-esteem. Until now however, it remained unclear whether the beneficial effects of exercise were impacted by different types of exercise environments. Thus, the purpose of this study was to experimentally investigate, whether the presence or absence of an instructor or other group members influenced elder adults’ physical self-concept and esteem. Method: Participants were 46 women and 20 men (Mean age 65.4, SD = 4.36 who were randomly assigned to one of four experimental groups differing across two factors—group versus no-group and instructor versus no-instructor. Participants took part in an 8-week-walking program with a comparable number of training sessions across the four experimental groups. Physical self-concept and physical self-esteem were assessed both pre and post exercise intervention. Results: Descriptively, the highest improvement in physical self-concept and esteem were observed in the instructor/no-group and the no-instructor/group condition. Between these two conditions, no significant difference of change was observed. Moreover, no improvement was observed when both instructor and group were present. Conclusion: Effects of either instructor presence or group presence may be explained by mechanisms of social integration and social support. An unexpected absence of effects on self-concept and esteem under the instructor/group condition are explained with reference to an individual’s cognitive dissonance caused by the need to adapt to different exercise oriented goals or attitudes of the instructor and the group members which might hinder the positive development of the self.
This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude, communication competence, maternal treatment styles and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. Previous studies among deaf children have explored into factors such as types of education, parents’ role, deaf parents’ impact, the severity of deafness, age of onset, deaf child’s communication at home and kinds of hearing aid used (Crocker, 2008). Other variables such as famil...
Effat Hamed Sardar; Rusnani Abdul Kadir; Rohani Bt Ahmad Tarmiz; Maria Chong Bt Abdullah
Full Text Available Body dissatisfaction has been related to low self-esteem and depression in adolescents. With regard to the current world wide rise in childhood obesity and common stigmatization of adults and children with obesity, easy to use and cost effective measurements of body dissatisfaction would be helpful in epidemiological research. In the current study, detailed data on body measurements with regard to perceived and ideal body size and body dissatisfaction, as measured with the figure preference task, are presented for a population based sample of 3837 children. Perceived body size correlations to weight, body mass index [BMI], and waist circumference were between 0.41 and 0.54; and to height between 0.12 and 0.21. Odds ratios for lower self-esteem increased with increase in body dissatisfaction. Gender differences in body dissatisfaction were present but not found in relation to self-esteem. It is concluded that the figure preference task yields valuable information in epidemiological studies of children as young as 7.5 years of age. It is argued, that the figure preference task is an additional measurement which theoretically relates to psychological stress in childhood.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze two important outcomes of individual skills-based volunteerism (ISB-V) among healthcare volunteers in Malaysia. The outcomes are: job performance and life satisfaction. This study has empirically tested the impact of individual dimensions of ISB-V along with their inter-relationships in explaining the life satisfaction and job performance. Besides, the effects of employer encouragement to the volunteers, demographic characteristics of volunteers, and self-esteem of volunteers on job performance and life satisfaction have been studied. The data were collected through a questionnaire distributed to 1000 volunteers of St. John Ambulance in Malaysia. Three hundred and sixty six volunteers responded by giving their feedback. The model was tested using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The main results of this study are: (1) Volunteer duration and nature of contact affects life satisfaction, (2) volunteer frequency has impact on volunteer duration, (3) self-esteem of volunteers has significant relationships with volunteer frequency, job performance and life satisfaction, (4) job performance of volunteers affect their life satisfaction and (5) current employment level has significant relationships with duration of volunteering, self esteem, employer encouragement and job performance of volunteers. The model in this study has been able to explain 39% of the variance in life satisfaction and 45% of the variance in job performance. The current study adds significantly to the body of knowledge on healthcare volunteerism. PMID:24194894
Veerasamy, Chanthiran; Sambasivan, Murali; Kumar, Naresh
Although several longitudinal studies have demonstrated that having a disadvantaged family background is a risk factor for subsequent symptoms of depression, few studies have examined the mediating mechanisms that explain this long-term relationship. Thus, this study uses US national longitudinal data and integrates social stress theory with the life course perspective by focusing on two mediating mechanisms-the chronic stress of poverty and self-esteem during the transition to adulthood. Results reveal that self-esteem largely mediates the inverse relationship between parental education and levels of depressive symptoms in young adulthood. However, the inverse relationship between parental occupational prestige and depressive symptoms among young adults is not mediated by self-esteem, but rather long durations of poverty across 16?years. Overall, these findings suggest that different components of family socioeconomic status can leave a lasting imprint on mental health via the self-concept and the chronic stress of poverty throughout the journey to adulthood. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24123986
Mossakowski, Krysia N
Full Text Available Este trabajo corresponde a un estudio de medición de los Niveles de Autoestima en las escalas General, Social, Escolar y Hogar, a través del Inventario de Autoestima de Coopersmith (1984, en niñas de sexto año básico, Escuela México de Valdivia, con rasgos de inmadurez en la interacción social. Se realizaron dos mediciones, aplicando el diseño preexperimental de pretest y postest al mismo grupo-curso. Los resultados de las mediciones, efectuadas el primer semestre de los años 1999 y 2000, muestran mediante gráficos de barras, que las alumnas incrementaron sus niveles de autoestima en las cuatro áreas en estudio.In this work, the level of self-esteem among sixth grade girls was measured, presenting immature behavior in their social interactions. This study was centered on the measurements on their General, Social, School and Home behavior, following the procedure described by Coopersmith (1984 in the Inventory of Self-esteem. The pre and post-tests were applied to the same group of students during the first semester of the years 1999 and 2000. The statistical analysis shows that in average the students increased their level of self-esteem in the four areas of study.
Lídice Valdés G