WorldWideScience
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Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale: Two Factors or Method Effects.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results of a study with 640 Spanish high school students suggest the existence of a global self-esteem factor underlying responses to Rosenberg's (M. Rosenberg, 1965) Self-Esteem Scale, although the inclusion of method effects is needed to achieve a good model fit. Method effects are associated with item wording. (SLD)

Tomas, Jose M.; Oliver, Amparo

1999-01-01

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Utility of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) continues to be used to purportedly measure self-esteem of people with intellectual disabilities, despite the lack of sound evidence concerning its validity and reliability when employed with this population. The psychometric foundations of the RSES were analyzed here with a sample of 219 participants with…

Davis, Clare; Kellett, Stephen; Beail, Nigel

2009-01-01

3

Psychometric Properties of the Dutch Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale  

OpenAIRE

Interest in self-esteem has been fuelled by the suggestion that level of self-esteem is associated with psychological well-being. In the present study, we translated the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) into the Dutch language and evaluated its psychometric properties in a sample of 442 adults. The results of both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed that a single-factor solution provides the best fit. In addition, the Dutch RSES showed high internal consistency as well as...

Erik Franck; Rudi De Raedt; Catherine Barbez; Yves Rosseel

2008-01-01

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Correlates of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Method Effects  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigators of personality assessment are becoming aware that using positively and negatively worded items in questionnaires to prevent acquiescence may negatively impact construct validity. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has demonstrated a bifactorial structure typically proposed to result from these method effects. Recent work suggests…

Quilty, Lena C.; Oakman, Jonathan M.; Risko, Evan

2006-01-01

5

Variables Related to Romanticism and Self-Esteem in Pregnant Teenagers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Administered Dean Romanticism Scale and Bachman Self-Esteem Scale to 121 pregnant adolescents (ages 12-21). Found that two variables were significantly related to feelings of romanticism: adoption considerations and whether adolescent planned to have child with the baby's father. Two variables were significantly related to self-esteem: incidence…

Medora, Nilufer P.; And Others

1993-01-01

6

Factorial Structure of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale among Crack-Cocaine Drug Users.  

Science.gov (United States)

Used nine different confirmatory factor analysis models to test the factorial structure of Rosenberg's (M. Rosenberg, 1965) self-esteem scale with a sample of 430 crack-cocaine users. Results partly support earlier research to show a single global self-esteem factor underlying responses to the Rosenberg scale, method effects associated with item…

Wang, Jichuan; Siegal, Harvey A.; Falck, Russell S.; Carlson, Robert G.

2001-01-01

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An examination of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale using collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose was to examine the construct validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES). The construct validity of the scale was examined by applying it to collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes at an NCAA sanctioned wheelchair basketball tournament at a mid-sized university in the south central United States (N=68). In accordance with previous research on the scale, Cronbach alpha was .86; confirmatory factor analysis supported a one-factor structure. The scale is useful for measuring global self-esteem in collegiate wheelchair basketball student athletes. PMID:17566431

Vermillion, Mark; Dodder, Richard A

2007-04-01

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Evaluation of the Factor Structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in Older Adults  

OpenAIRE

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is the most utilized measure of global self-esteem. Although psychometric studies have generally supported the uni-dimensionality of this 10-item scale, more recently, a stable, response-bias has been associated with the wording of the items (Marsh, Scalas, & Nagengast, 2010). The purpose of this report was to replicate Marsh et al.’s findings in a sample of older adults and to test for invariance across time, gender and levels of education. Our results indic...

Mullen, Sean P.; Gothe, Neha P.; Mcauley, Edward

2012-01-01

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Longitudinal Tests of Competing Factor Structures for the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Traits, Ephemeral Artifacts, and Stable Response Styles  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem, typically measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), is one of the most widely studied constructs in psychology. Nevertheless, there is broad agreement that a simple unidimensional factor model, consistent with the original design and typical application in applied research, does not provide an adequate explanation of RSE…

Marsh, Herbert W.; Scalas, L. Francesca; Nagengast, Benjamin

2010-01-01

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Factorial Validity and Invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among Portuguese Youngsters  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to examine the reliability, factorial validity and measurement invariance (across gender, age and physical activity participation) of a Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The sample consisted of 1,763 Portuguese youngsters (731 male and 1,032 female) with ages between 15 and 20 years.…

Vasconcelos-Raposo, Jose; Fernandes, Helder Miguel; Teixeira, Carla M.; Bertelli, Rosangela

2012-01-01

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Factorial Structure of the French Version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among the Elderly  

Science.gov (United States)

Ten different confirmatory factor analysis models, including ones with correlated traits correlated methods, correlated traits correlated uniqueness, and correlated traits uncorrelated methods, were proposed to examine the factorial structure of the French version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965). In line with previous studies…

Gana, Kamel; Alaphilippe, Daniel; Bailly, Nathalie

2005-01-01

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Measurement invariance of Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale between British and Chinese college students  

OpenAIRE

The present study examined the factor structure and measurement invariance of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in college students from Britain (N=150) and China (N=205). Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that the two-factor model, which consisted of a positive self-image factor and a negative self-image factor, could fit the data better than single factor structure especially after deleting the eighth item. Furthermore, factorial structure was invariant across groups in configural level ...

Luo, Chengwen

2010-01-01

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Self-esteem in adolescent patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder during open-label atomoxetine treatment: psychometric evaluation of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and clinical findings  

OpenAIRE

To report on (1) psychometric properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) studied in adolescents with ADHD, (2) correlations of SES with ADHD scale scores, and (3) change in patient-reported self-esteem with atomoxetine treatment. ADHD patients (12–17 years), treated in an open-label study for 24 weeks. Secondary analyses on ADHD symptoms (assessed with ADHD-RS, CGI, GIPD scales) and self-esteem (SES) were performed. One hundred and fifty-nine patients were treated. A dichotomous ...

Dittmann, Ralf W.; Wehmeier, Peter M.; Schacht, Alexander; Lehmann, Martin; Lehmkuhl, Gerd

2009-01-01

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Características psicométricas da self-esteem scale em mulheres moçambicanas em risco sexual / Psychometric characteristics of self-esteem scale in mozambican women at sexual risk  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Neste estudo descrevemos os resultados da avaliação das características psicométricas do Self-Esteem Scale (SES) (Rosenberg, 1965) numa amostra de mulheres moçambicanas em risco sexual para o VIH/SIDA. Participaram nesta investigação 173 mulheres em risco sexual (M idade = 24,68; DP = 5,55), recruta [...] das no Serviço de Ginecologia do Hospital Central da Beira (Moçambique), pelos próprios ginecologistas, de acordo com critérios clínicos pré-definidos. A SES apresentou elevados níveis de consistência interna na amostra em estudo (Alfa de Cronbach de 0,87) e correlação significativa com a escala de auto-eficácia geral (r=0,19, p=0,01), o que lhe confere validade convergente. Assim, a SES demonstrou possuir boas características psicométricas nesta amostra moçambicana. No entanto, realça-se o facto destes resultados não serem conclusivos em termos de validação da escala em Moçambique, embora se revele um importante instrumento em termos de intervenção e investigação no âmbito da avaliação psicológica e da promoção da saúde feminina neste contexto. Abstract in english This study describes the results of the evaluation of the psychometric characteristics of Self-Esteem Scale (SES) (Rosenberg, 1965) in a sample of Mozambican women in sexual risk for HIV/AIDS. In this research participated 173 women in sexual risk (M age 24.68; SD=5.55). They were recruited from Gyn [...] ecology Service of Central Hospital of Beira (Mozambique), by gynecologists, according to clinical criteria. The SES has high levels of internal consistency in the sample under study (Cronbach Alpha: 0.87) and a significant correlation with the general self-efficacy scale (r=0.19, p=0.01), which gives convergent validity. Thus, the SES demonstrated good psychometric characteristics in this Mozambican sample. These results are not conclusive in terms of scale validation in Mozambique, although it is an important instrument in terms of research and intervention within the framework of psychological assessment and the promotion of women's health, in this context.

Ana Luísa, Patrão; Teresa, McIntyre; Eleonora, Costa.

2014-12-01

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Self-esteem and Individual Wealth  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem measures confidence in one’s abilities. Prior literature has shown that higher self-esteem can also affect individual financial decision making through an increased willingness to invest in risky assets and motivation to enhance self image through wealth accumulation. However, self-esteem can also lead to wealth-destroying investment behaviors due to overconfidence and an unwillingness to accept inevitable losses. Using the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale included in the National Lo...

Chatterjee, Swarn; Finke, Michael; Harness, Nathaniel

2008-01-01

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Mean and Covariance Structures Analyses: An Examination of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale among Adolescents and Adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined the cross-age comparability of the widely used Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in 414 adolescents and 900 adults in families receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children. Found similarities of means in the RSES across groups. (SLD)

Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne; Corwyn, Robert Flynn

2003-01-01

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Story on Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... mysterious thing? It's your self-esteem! What Is Self-Esteem? Self-esteem can have a big part to ... can still have great self-esteem! Continue Why Self-Esteem Is Important Self-esteem isn't like a ...

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Adolescent Self-Esteem, Attachment and Loneliness  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: To assess self-esteem, loneliness and attachment styles among adolescents and examine their association with each other and with age and gender. Method: Adolescents (55 males and 55 females) from a public school in Delhi, aged 10-13 years were administered Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (School Form), Attachment Scale and UCLA…

Dhal, Anubha; Bhatia, Sangeeta; Sharma, Vidhi; Gupta, Priyanka

2007-01-01

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Damaged Self-Esteem is Associated with Internalizing Problems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation and loneliness were examined. Participants were 95 young female adults (M= 21.2 years, SD = 1.88 enrolled in higher education. We administered the IAT to assess implicit self-esteem, and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale to measure explicit self-esteem while psychological problems were assessed through self-reports. Results showed that discrepancies between implicit and explicit self-esteem were positively associated with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. In addition, the direction of the discrepancy was specifically relevant: damaged self-esteem (i.e., high implicit self-esteem and low explicit self-esteem was consistently associated with increased levels of depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. In contrast, defensive or fragile self-esteem (i.e., low implicit and high explicit self-esteem was solely associated with loneliness. These findings provide further support that specifically damaged self-esteem is an important vulnerability marker for depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness.

DaanCreemers

2013-04-01

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Humor styles, self-esteem, and subjective happiness.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary.-This study examined how humor styles could mediate the effect of self-esteem on subjective happiness. 227 Hong Kong undergraduate students completed the Humor Styles Questionnaire, the Roxsenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Subjective Happiness Scale. Results showed adaptive humor styles (affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor) significantly predicted self-esteem and subjective happiness and mediated the relationship between self-esteem and subjective happiness. Maladaptive humor styles (aggressive humor and self-defeating humor) did not strongly predict self-esteem or subjective happiness. The mediation effects of humor styles found in the present research provided useful suggestions for future studies. PMID:25153846

Yue, Xiao Dong; Liu, Katy Wing-Yin; Jiang, Feng; Hiranandani, Neelam Arjan

2014-10-01

21

Justified Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper develops a thread of argument from previous contributions to this journal by Richard Smith and Ruth Cigman about the educational salience of self-esteem. It is argued--contra Smith and Cigman--that the social science conception of self-esteem does serve a useful educational function, most importantly in undermining the inflated…

Kristjansson, Kristjan

2007-01-01

22

Computerized and Paper-and-Pencil Versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: A Comparison of Psychometric Features and Respondent Preferences.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluated the characteristics of computerized and paper-and-pencil versions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) using scores for 224 college students. Results show that mode of administration has little effect on the psychometric properties of the SES although the computerized version took longer and was preferred by examinees. (SLD)

Vispoel, Walter P.; Boo, Jaeyool; Bleiler, Timothy

2001-01-01

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EXAMINING BADMINTON ATHLETES’ SELF-ESTEEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine badminton athletes’ self-esteem according to some variables. The research was carried out in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship where 12 clubs and 87 athletes participated in 2009. 42 national and 14 non-national totaly 56 badminton athletes whose mean age 18.78±3.46 that participated in Badminton Turkey Clubs Championship in 2009 constitute our research sample. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, that was developed by Rosenberg (1963 and adapted to Turkish by Çuhadaroglu was used to gather tha data. The data were analyzed by using the techniques such as desriptive statistics, bivariate correlation and Mann Whitney U test. Results showed that national athletes’ self-esteem points are higher than non-national athletes, there is positive and significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and age, there is significant difference in athletes’ self-esteem points according to gender in favour of female badminton athletes, there is no significant relationship between athletes’ self-esteem points and competitor year, education, number of training day and interest to sport.

EYLEM GENCER

2012-04-01

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EVALUATION OF VOCATIONAL SELF ESTEEM LEVELS OF THE TURKISH COACHES  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the present research was to evaluate vocational self esteem levels of the coaches of individual sports or team sports. We tried to investigate whether there was a significant difference between vocational self esteem levels and such variables as age, gender, employment status, professional-working-time, educational status and sport type.“Vocational Self Esteem Scale” developed by Ar?cak (1999) and “Personal Information Form” developed by the researcher were used in order t...

Yildirim, Yunus; Kirimog?lu, Hu?seyin; Fi?zlazog?lu C?okluk, Gu?ls?en

2012-01-01

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Adaptação para uma população de estudantes universitários portugueses da escala de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy / Portuguese adaptation for university students of Heatherton and Polivy’s state self-esteem scale  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A auto-estima é um importante conceito usado em diversas áreas da psicologia. Os estudos em português têm usado traduções de escalas de auto-estima geral (ex., a escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg, 1979), mas têm negligenciado importantes aspectos deste constructo como a auto-estima de estado. A aut [...] o-estima de estado é fundamental para estudos que apresentem manipulações dado que mede alterações momentâneas da auto-estima. Para colmatar esta lacuna, no presente trabalho procedeu-se a uma adaptação para português da escala multidimensional de auto-estima de estado de Heatherton e Polivy (1991). Os resultados mostraram uma medida fidedigna e com a estrutura factorial consistente com a da escala original, distinguindo os componentes de auto-estima de performance, social, e aparência física. A discussão centra-se sobre as vantagens do uso de uma escala de auto-estima de estado. Abstract in english Self-esteem is a crucial concept for a wide range of areas in psychology. Several studies conducted in portuguese have adapted scales of general self-esteem (e.g., Rosenberg, 1979’s self-esteem scale) but have neglected other crucial aspects of this construct such as state self-esteem. To address th [...] is limitation, the present article provides a portuguese adaptation of Heatherton and Polivy’s (1991) state self-esteem scale. Results suggested a reliable measure with a factorial structure identical to the original scale, which included the components of performance, social, and appearance self-esteem. The discussion focuses on the advantages of using a state self-esteem measure.

Miguel, Ramos.

2014-06-01

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The Effects of Selected Aerobic Exercise Modalities on Self Esteem among Female Students  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem is fundamental component in psychological health and is affected with dynamics of physical exercise. This study explore the effects of selected aerobic exercise programs on self esteem and attempts to determine the most effective aerobic exercise program in boosting self-esteem. This study uses the experimental design on a sample of 120 female undergraduate students. The instruments used were the Self-Esteem Scale. Data was analyzed using inferential statistics. t-test conducted s...

Norlena Salamuddin; Mohd Taib Harun; Sanaa Ali Ahmed Al-Rashed

2014-01-01

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The School Short-Form Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory: Revised and Improved  

Science.gov (United States)

The school short form of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory is a widely used measure of children's global self-esteem. Unlike the full-length scale, however, it has been generally understood that the short form does not allow differentiation between the major individual sources of self-esteem. The present study has examined the internal…

Hills, Peter R.; Francis, Leslie J.; Jennings, Penelope

2011-01-01

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Body Image and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... really bring down your self-esteem. Why Are Self-Esteem and Body Image Important? Self-esteem is all ... linked to self-esteem. What Influences a Person's Self-Esteem? Puberty and Development Some people struggle with their ...

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Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965 and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999 were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the performance measure. Confirmatory factor analyses using Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS version 18 performed on the scores of the RSES revealed two factors (positive and negative self-esteem as hypothesized. Correlated results indicated significant relationships between global self-esteem and academic self-efficacy. Also academic achievement was associated with having high academic self-efficacy.

Ernest Afari

2012-03-01

30

Self-esteem and earnings  

OpenAIRE

Recent research in economics suggests a positive association between self-esteem and earnings. A major problem in this literature is that from simple cross-sectional wage regressions it is not possible to conclude that self-esteem has a causal impact on earnings. While classical measurement error leads to an attenuation bias, reverse causality and omitted variable are likely to drive the OLS coefficient on self-esteem upward. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) that adminis...

Drago, Francesco

2008-01-01

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Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (EAR): validade fatorial e consistência interna / Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS): factorial validity and internal consistency  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar as propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg (EAR) para adolescentes. Participaram 4.757 adolescentes, com idades entre 14 e 18 anos (M=15,77; DP=1,22), de nove cidades brasileiras. Os participantes responderam a uma versão da EAR adaptada [...] para o Brasil. A análise fatorial exploratória apontou uma estrutura bidimensional, com 51.4% da variância explicada, que foi sustentada pela análise fatorial confirmatória. As análises de consistência interna realizadas por meio do coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, confiabilidade composta e variância extraída indicaram bons valores de fidedignidade. Diferenças nos escores de autoestima em função do sexo e da idade não foram encontradas. Conclui-se que a EAR apresenta qualidades psicométricas satisfatórias, mostrando-se um instrumento confiável para medir autoestima em adolescentes brasileiros. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometrics properties of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSS) for adolescents. The sample was composed of 4.757 adolescents, with ages between 14 and 18 years old (M=15.77; SD=1.22) in nine Brazilian cities. Participants responded to an adapted versio [...] n of the RSS for Brazil. Exploratory factorial analysis showed a bidimensional structure, with 51.4% of explained variance. This result was supported by confirmatory factor analysis. The internal consistency analysis by Cronbach alpha coefficient, composite reliability and extracted variance indicated good reliability. Differences in self-esteem for gender and age were not found. These findings show that RSS has satisfactory psychometric qualities and it's a reliable instrument to assess self-esteem in Brazilian adolescents.

Juliana Burges, Sbicigo; Denise Ruschel, Bandeira; Débora Dalbosco, Dell' Aglio.

2010-12-01

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Loneliness, stress, self esteem and depression among Malaysian adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current study examined the degree of relationships between loneliness, stress and selfesteem with depression among adolescents. The respondents were 1407 secondary school adolescents aged between 13 to 17 years old from selected states in Malaysia. Data were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire. Adolescent depression was measured by Children Depression Inventory (CDI while stress was measured by Perceive Stress Scale. Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale measured loneliness and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale measured self-esteem. The findings of the study showed that loneliness, stress and self-esteem have moderate significant relationships with depression and stress emerged as the strongestpredictor of adolescent depression.

Ikechukwu Uba

2009-12-01

33

Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents / Adaptação transcultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998 of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo. The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning, measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem. Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q. Avanci

2007-01-01

34

Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This article examines the relationship between middle school students' experience with cyberbullying and their level of self-esteem. Previous research on traditional bullying among adolescents has found a relatively consistent link between victimization and lower self-esteem, while finding an inconsistent relationship between offending…

Patchin, Justin W.; Hinduja, Sameer

2010-01-01

35

Global Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy Correlates: Relation of Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem among Emirati Students  

OpenAIRE

We investigated the relationships between global self-esteem, academic self-efficacy and academic performance among a sample of 255 college students in the United Arab Emirates. The widely used Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965) and an academic self-efficacy scale, modified from (Jinks and Morgan, 1999) were used to assess student’s self-esteem and their academic self-efficacy. Each student’s average grade for the mid-semester and final semester was used as the perfor...

Ernest Afari; Graeme Ward; Myint Swe Khine

2012-01-01

36

Does self-esteem affect body dissatisfaction levels in female adolescents??  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To evaluate the influence of self-esteem on levels of body dissatisfaction among adolescent females. Methods: A group of 397 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were enrolled in the study. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was applied to assess body dissatisfaction. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used to assess self-esteem. Weight, height, and skinfold thickness were also measured. These anthropometric data were controlled in the statistical analyses. Results: The multiple regression model indicated influence of "positive self-esteem" (R2=0.16; p=0.001) and "negative self-esteem" (R2=0.23; p=0.001) subscales on the BSQ scores. Univariate analysis of covariance demonstrated differences in BSQ scores (p=0.001) according to groups of self-esteem. Conclusion: It was concluded that self-esteem influenced body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls from Juiz de Fora, MG. PMID:25479855

Fortes, Leonardo de Sousa; Cipriani, Flávia Marcele; Coelho, Fernanda Dias; Paes, Santiago Tavares; Ferreira, Maria Elisa Caputo

2014-01-01

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Developing Your Child's Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

... response might be "I can't." What Is Self-Esteem? Self-esteem is similar to self-worth (how ... their test scores. Signs of Unhealthy and Healthy Self-Esteem Self-esteem fluctuates as kids grow. It's frequently ...

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La escala de autoestima de Rosenberg: Validación para Chile en una muestra de jóvenes adultos, adultos y adultos mayores / Rosenberg self-esteem scale: Validation in a representative sample of Chilean adults  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Self-esteem is positively associated to the well being of people and could be a good mental health indicator. Aim: To determine the reliability and validity of the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale in a Chilean adult sample. Material and methods: The instrument was applied to 473 subjects livi [...] ng in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago, evenly distributed according to gender, age, educational level and income. The Neugarten Life Satisfaction index (LSI-A) was also applied to the sample. Results: Cronbach's alpha for reliability of the scale was 0.754. There was no gender bias and factor analysis grouped items into two factors (5positive and 5 negative). The instrument had a correlation of 0.455 with the LSI-A. Conclusions: The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale meets the criteria for validity and reliability of a quality instrument to measure self-esteem in Chile.

Cristian A, Rojas-Barahona; Beatriz, Zegers P; Carla E, Förster M.

2009-06-01

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Avaliação da autoestima de gestantes com uso da Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg / Assessment of self-esteem in pregnant women using Rosenberg's self-esteem scale / Evaluación de la autoestima de gestantes con uso de la escala de autoestima de Rosemberg  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo descritivo e transversal foi avaliar a autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas em programa de pré-natal de um hospital público de ensino. Os dados foram colhidos usando-se a Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; a autoestima insatisfatória foi relacionada a variáveis sócio-demográ [...] ficas, de saúde da gestante e da presença ou não de sistemas de apoio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e análise univariada, buscando possíveis associações. As gestantes com autoestima insatisfatória totalizaram 60% da amostra. Em relação aos dados sócio-demográficos, as mulheres com menor escolaridade apresentaram maior frequência de escores de autoestima insatisfatória, divergindo de resultados de outros estudos. As gestantes que referiram gestação não planejada apresentaram maior prevalência de autoestima insatisfatória do que aquelas que referiram tê-la planejado. A ausência de apoio do parceiro para cuidar do filho após seu nascimento também esteve associada a menor autoestima nas grávidas. Não foram encontradas relações estatisticamente significativas para as demais variáveis estudadas. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio descriptivo y transversal fue evaluar la autoestima de 127 gestantes atendidas en el programa prenatal de un hospital público de enseñanza. Los datos fueron recolectados utilizando la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg; la autoestima insatisfactoria se relacionó con variab [...] les socio-demográficas, de salud de la gestante y de la existencia o no de sistemas de apoyo. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis estadístico descriptivo y a análisis univariado, buscando posibles asociaciones. Las gestantes con autoestima insatisfactoria totalizaron el 60 % de la muestra. En relación a los datos socio-demográficos, las mujeres con menor escolarización presentaron mayor frecuencia de puntajes de autoestima insatisfactoria, divergiendo de resultados de otros estudios. Las gestantes que refirieron embarazo no planificado presentaron mayor prevalencia de autoestima insatisfactoria respecto de aquellas que refirieron haber planeado su gravidez. La ausencia de apoyo del compañero para cuidar del hijo con posterioridad al nacimiento también estuvo asociada a menor autoestima en las embarazadas. No se encontraron relaciones estadísticamente significativas para las demás variables estudiadas. Abstract in english The objective of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to evaluate the self-esteem of 127 pregnant women seen in a prenatal care program conducted in a public school hospital. Data collection was performed using the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale; unsatisfactory self-esteem was related to socio [...] -demographic and health variables of the pregnant woman, and to the presence or absence of support systems. Descriptive and univariate statistical analysis were used to assess possible associations. Pregnant women who had low scores for self-esteem were 60% of all subjects. As for the socio-demographic data, women with fewer years of education presented higher frequency of lower self-esteem scores, which disagrees with other studies. Pregnant women who report having an unplanned pregnancy presented higher prevalence of low self-esteem than those who reported having planned their pregnancy. The lack of support from the partner to look after the baby was also associated to the pregnant women's low self-esteem. Other associations between variables were not statistically significant.

Ligia, Maçola; Ianê Nogueira do, Vale; Elenice Valentim, Carmona.

2010-09-01

40

Perceived Social Support and Self-Esteem towards Gender Roles: Contributing Factors in Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

The study aims to examine the relationship between self-esteem and perceived social support among the Malaysian adolescents. Gender differences of perceived social support and self-esteem among the respondents were also investigated. To achieve the objectives of the study, a survey was conducted with a relatively large (n=460) random samples of adolescents, aged 16-20, drawn from schools, colleges and universities in Malaysia. The Self-esteem Rating Scale (SERS) and the Multidimensional Scale...

Cai-Lian Tam , , , ,; Teck-Heang Lee; Wai-Mun Har; Wei-Li Pook

2011-01-01

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Ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among tertiary education students  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the relationships between ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy among students at a higher learning institution. These relationships were examined among a sample of 144 respondents. The multigroup ethnic identity measure, the collective self-esteem scale and the academic self-efficacy scale were used to measure ethnic identity, collective self-esteem and academic self-efficacy, respectively. Positive correlations were found be...

Thomas, Tsholofelo Angela

2011-01-01

42

Effects of Swimming on Self-Esteem among Female College Students  

OpenAIRE

This study aims to determine changes in the self-esteem levels of female college students in relation to their swimming skills. The results of the study were obtained from of 141 female college students enrolled at the University of Kebangsaan Malaysia. Breaststroke was used in order to evaluate their swimming skills, whereas the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) questionnaire was used to evaluate their self-esteem levels for experimental and control groups. The analysis and observations con...

Tajul Arifin Muhamad; Hasti Sattari; Fariba Hossein Abadi

2013-01-01

43

Implications of Adolescents’ Acculturation Strategies for Personal and Collective Self-esteem  

OpenAIRE

Berry, Trimble, and Olmedo’s (1986) acculturation model was used to investigate the relationship among adolescents’ acculturation strategies, personal self-esteem, and collective self-esteem. Using data from 427 high school students, factor analysis results distinguished Collective Self-esteem Scale constructs (Luhtanen & Crocker, 1992) from both ethnic identity and outgroup orientation subscales of the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (Phinney, 1992). Subsequent results showed that: 1)...

Giang, Michael T.; Wittig, Michele A.

2006-01-01

44

Self-esteem in children after traumatic brain injury: an exploratory study.  

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Children with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) often have difficulties in adjusting to their injury and altered abilities, and may be at risk of low self-esteem and loss of confidence. However, few studies have examined self-esteem in this client group. The current study measured the self-esteem of a group of children who were, on average, two years post-TBI and compared this to their performance on other psychometric measures. Participants were 96 children with TBI and 31 peer controls, their parents and teachers. Self-esteem was measured using the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory (CSEI). CSEI scores were compared with performance on Wechsler Intelligence Scales (WISC-III), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); Children's Memory Scale (CMS), Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales (VABS) and Parental Stress Index (PSI). Self-esteem was highly correlated with IQ; HADS anxiety and depression; and parental stress (p< 0.001). Children with TBI had significantly lower self-esteem than controls and population norms (p=0.015). Many children with TBI demonstrate low self-esteem and this is closely linked with anxiety and depression. This may hamper academic performance and could lead to further psychosocial problems. It is recommended that self-esteem is routinely assessed after brain injury and rehabilitation strategies implemented to promote a sense of self-worth. PMID:22635121

Hawley, Carol A

2012-01-01

45

The Relationship between Conflict Communication, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction in University Students  

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The current study used a survey model to analyze 306 university students to investigate relationship between life satisfaction, self-esteem and conflict communication. Data were collected from the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale and Conflict Communication Scale. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were…

Arslan, Coskun; Hamarta, Erdal; Uslu, Mustafa

2010-01-01

46

Adaptação tanscultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents  

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Full Text Available O artigo propõe a padronização da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg (1956/1989 para adolescentes residentes de um bairro urbano do Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo, através do estudo de adaptação transcultural (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998. A amostra foi composta por 266 adolescentes escolares das 7ª/8ª séries do Ensino Fundamental e 1º/2º anos do Ensino Médio da rede pública e particular do referido município. As seguintes equivalências foram avaliadas: conceitual e de itens, semântica (significado referencial e geral, de mensuração (confiabilidade teste-reteste, consistência interna, análise fatorial e validade de construto, operacional e funcional. Foram encontrados bons resultados para equivalência semântica, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0.68, Kappa predominantemente moderado e regular, e a análise fatorial proposta é de duas estruturas fatoriais (baixa e alta auto-estima. Na validade de construto, a escala correlacionou-se significativa e positivamente com apoio social, e inversamente com vitimização de violência psicológica, violência ocorrida entre pais e entre os irmãos. Os resultados indicam a aplicabilidade da escala na população de referência, sugerindo a necessidade do desenvolvimento de outros trabalhos em amostras distintas.The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998 of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo. The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning, measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem. Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q. Avanci

2007-01-01

47

Adaptação tanscultural de escala de auto-estima para adolescentes / Cross-cultural adaptation of self-esteem scale for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo propõe a padronização da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg (1956/1989) para adolescentes residentes de um bairro urbano do Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo), através do estudo de adaptação transcultural (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998). A amostra foi composta por 266 adolescentes escolares d [...] as 7ª/8ª séries do Ensino Fundamental e 1º/2º anos do Ensino Médio da rede pública e particular do referido município. As seguintes equivalências foram avaliadas: conceitual e de itens, semântica (significado referencial e geral), de mensuração (confiabilidade teste-reteste, consistência interna, análise fatorial e validade de construto), operacional e funcional. Foram encontrados bons resultados para equivalência semântica, o alfa de Cronbach foi de 0.68, Kappa predominantemente moderado e regular, e a análise fatorial proposta é de duas estruturas fatoriais (baixa e alta auto-estima). Na validade de construto, a escala correlacionou-se significativa e positivamente com apoio social, e inversamente com vitimização de violência psicológica, violência ocorrida entre pais e entre os irmãos. Os resultados indicam a aplicabilidade da escala na população de referência, sugerindo a necessidade do desenvolvimento de outros trabalhos em amostras distintas. Abstract in english The article proposes a cross-cultural adaptation (Herdman, Fox-Rushby & Badia, 1998) of "Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale" for adolescents who live in an urban neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro (São Gonçalo). The sample was composed of 266 adolescents, students of the 7th/ 8th grade of Elementary School and [...] of the 1st/2nd grade of High School, of public and private schools of São Gonçalo/RJ. The following equivalences were evaluated: conceptual and itens equivalences, semantic equivalence (referential and general meaning), measurement equivalence (test-retest reliability, internal consistency, factorial analysis and construct validity) and operational and functional equivalences. Good results were obtained for semantics equivalence, alpha of Cronbach was of 0.68, the Kappa was moderate and regular, and the factorial analysis proposed two structures of factors (low and high self-esteem). Construct validity showed significant positive correlation with social support and negative correlation with psychological abuse, violence between parents and brothers. The results indicate the applicability of the scale in a reference population, suggesting the necessity to develop others studies in distinct samples.

Joviana Q., Avanci; Simone G., Assis; Nilton César dos, Santos; Rachel V. C., Oliveira.

48

A Brief Primer on Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the construct of "self-esteem" was first introduced over 100 years ago, a wealth of knowledge has been accumulated. Several conclusions about the nature of self-esteem can be reached that provide a foundation for future practice and research. In general, research shows that high self-esteem is associated with the behaviors, goals, and coping…

Robins, Richard W.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Donnellan, M. Brent

2012-01-01

49

Self-Esteem among Adult Literacy Learners  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate adult literacy education learners' self-esteem and to examine the relationship between self-esteem and measures of achievement in reading and math. The rationale for the present study stemmed from the lack of research into adult literacy students' self-esteem levels. More than 200 learners enrolled in…

Lipnevich, Anastasiya; Beder, Hal

2007-01-01

50

The Educational Importance of Self-Esteem  

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Some philosophers of education have recently argued that educators can more or less ignore children's global self-esteem without failing them educationally in any important way. This paper draws on an attachment theoretic account of self-esteem to argue that this view is mistaken. I argue that understanding self-esteem's origins in attachment…

Ferkany, Matt

2008-01-01

51

A Review of the Current Literature Regarding Global Self-Esteem and Specific Self-Esteem in Adolescent Development.  

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The general development of the concept of self-esteem is reviewed, and concerns about the research strategies and issues are discussed. This paper focuses on adolescent self-esteem. Research is presented on global self-esteem, domain specific self-esteem as it relates to global self-esteem, and the identification of self-esteem trajectories.…

Kidder, Sherri L.

52

Loneliness and Self-Esteem as Mediators between Social Support and Life Satisfaction in Late Adolescence  

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This study examined both the mediation effects of loneliness and self-esteem for the relationship between social support and life satisfaction. Three hundred and eighty nine Chinese college students, ranging in age from 17 to 25 (M = 20.39), completed the emotional and social loneliness scale, the self-esteem scale, the satisfaction with life…

Kong, Feng; You, Xuqun

2013-01-01

53

Racial Identity, Phenotype, and Self-Esteem among Biracial Polynesian/White Individuals  

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This study examined racial identity, self-esteem, and phenotype among biracial Polynesian/White adults. Eighty-four Polynesian/White persons completed the Biracial Identity Attitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, and a Polynesian phenotype scale. Profile analyses showed participants identified more with their Polynesian parent. A…

Allen, G. E. Kawika; Garriott, Patton O.; Reyes, Carla J.; Hsieh, Catherine

2013-01-01

54

The Prevalence of Low Self-Esteem in an Intellectually Disabled Forensic Population  

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Background: This was a quantitative study to measure the prevalence low self-esteem in an intellectually disabled forensic population. The dependent variables used were the adapted six-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the adapted Evaluative Beliefs Scale. It had a repeated measures design with independent variables including consideration of…

Johnson, P.

2012-01-01

55

Self-esteem in adolescence: a comparison of adolescents with diabetes mellitus and leukemia.  

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This descriptive study examined the self-esteem of adolescents with diabetes mellitus and leukemia. Participants included 22 adolescents with diabetes mellitus and 33 with leukemia. No significant difference was found between the self-esteem of males and females in either group. After the initial diagnosis, over time a decrease in self-esteem in the leukemia group and an increase in self-esteem in the diabetes mellitus group were observed. The adolescents with leukemia who experienced a relapse had moderate self-esteem. Most of the adolescents with leukemia could not attend school because of their illness. The mean scores of self-esteem were high in the diabetes mellitus group and moderate in the leukemia group. In both groups, the mean scores of self-esteem were compared to depressive affect, daydreaming, psychosomatic symptoms, intensity of discussion, and parental interest (subscales in the Rosenberg self-esteem scale). No significant difference was found between the two disease groups. There was a strong and significant correlation between self-esteem and depressive affect in both groups. PMID:12025273

Cavu?o?lu, H

2001-01-01

56

The Measured Self-Esteem of Children from Broken, Rejected, and Accepted Families.  

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Children with divorced parents, children from intact but rejected families, and children from intact and accepted families were evaluated for self-esteem levels on the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale. Findings of this study do not indicate that children experiencing crisis of divorce suffer loss in self-esteem. (Author/BEF)

Berg, Berthold; Kelly, Robert

1979-01-01

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Avaliação da escala de auto-estima de Rosenberg mediante o modelo de rasch / Evaluation of Rosenberg self-esteem scale using rasch model  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O objectivo deste estudo consistiu em avaliar as características psicométricas da versão portuguesa da escala de Rosenberg mediante o modelo de Escalas de Classificação, uma extensão para itens politómicos do modelo de Rasch. Foi recolhida uma amostra de 510 estudantes universitários, 223 do sexo ma [...] sculino e 287 do sexo feminino, com uma média etária de 21.7 anos (DP = 3.80). As análises indicam que o ajuste dos dados ao modelo é aceitável. Conclui-se que tanto o formato de resposta da versão portuguesa (tipo Likert com quatro categorias) como a fiabilidade dos dados resultam adequados. No entanto, de um ponto de vista substantivo e, em concordância com estudos prévios, constata-se que a escala não permite distinguir as pessoas com níveis médio e alto de auto-estima. Abstract in english The objective of this study consisted on evaluating the psychometrical characteristics of the Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Scale by means of the Rating Scale model, an extension for the polytomic items of the Rasch Model. A sample of 510 college students was collected, 223 males and 287 femal [...] es, with an average of 21.7 years (SD = 3.80). The analysis indicates that the adjustment of the data to the model is acceptable. We conclude that the response format from the Portuguese version (Likert type with four categories) as well as the reliability of the data, results adequate. However, from a substantive point of view, and in agreement with previous studies, it appears that the scale does not distinguish people with medium and high levels of self-esteem.

Sónia, Quintão; Ana R., Delgado; Gerardo, Prieto.

2011-12-01

58

Relationships Between Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem and Procrastination in Undergraduate Psychology Students  

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Objective: The present study aimed to review the relationships between procrastination and two self-factors self-efficacy and self-esteem. Methods: Participants were 140 undergraduates Psychology students enrolled in Mohagheg Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran. Instruments used for collecting the required data were the student-version of the General Procrastination Scale (GP-S), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale (SES). Results: Using causal modeling, two models were compared; a model with self-esteem as a mediator versus a model with procrastination as a mediator. The self-esteem mediator model accounted for 21% of the variance in procrastination. The significance of the mediation effect was found by bootstrapping method. Conclusion: The relationship of procrastination with self-esteem and self-efficacy was revealed among undergraduate psychology students.

Hajloo, Nader

2014-01-01

59

Hubungan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem  

OpenAIRE

Kajian ini bertujuan mengenalpasti hubungan antara perkahwinan dengan self-esteem. Kajian ini juga dijalankan untuk mengenalpasti perbezaan antara faktor demografi terpilih iaitu jantina, umur dan pangkat dengan self-esteem, mengenalpasti hubungan antara aspek komunikasi dan kawalan terhadap self-esteem. Soalselidik diedarkan kepada 219 anggota tentera di Markas 3 Briged Kem Penrissen Kuching, Sarawak.. Ujian–t tidak bersandar dan ujian ANOVA sehala digunakan untuk menguji hipotesis berkait...

Suriyani Binti Yahya; Fatahyah Yahya; Aina Razlin Mohammad Roose

2009-01-01

60

The Effects of Selected Aerobic Exercise Modalities on Self Esteem among Female Students  

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Full Text Available Self-esteem is fundamental component in psychological health and is affected with dynamics of physical exercise. This study explore the effects of selected aerobic exercise programs on self esteem and attempts to determine the most effective aerobic exercise program in boosting self-esteem. This study uses the experimental design on a sample of 120 female undergraduate students. The instruments used were the Self-Esteem Scale. Data was analyzed using inferential statistics. t-test conducted shows significant differences in self-esteem score between pretest and posttest in all modalities of aerobic exercise programs. Analysis of variance reveals that there is a significant difference (F=81.299, p<0.01 between the four modalities of aerobic exercise programs, and post hoc test shows that combination of step-dance aerobics and weight training program is most effective in increasing self esteem among female students. Results of this study contribute to developing the role of aerobic exercise in improving self esteem. It is also useful in assisting to develop policies and programs that enhance self esteem.

Norlena Salamuddin

2014-02-01

61

Is low self-esteem a risk factor for depression among adolescents? an analytical study with interventional component  

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Full Text Available Background: Selfesteem is an important factor for helping persons deal with life stressors. It is an important determinant of psychological well-being that is particularly problematic during an adolescent life stage. Low self-esteem might contribute to depression through both interpersonal and intrapersonal pathways. Many theories of depression postulate that low self esteem is a defining feature of depression. Aims: Self-esteem in adolescents has been associated with a number of risk and protective factors in previous studies. This study examined the relationship between low self esteem and depression among adolescents. Methods: This study used a case control (retrospective design. Samples of 1120 adolescents, aged 14-17 years were selected for the study. Screening was done by using MINI-KID and the level of depression was assessed by using Beck depression inventory. Self esteem was measured by Rosenberg self esteem scale. Odds Ratio and Multivariate logistic regression were used to examine the relation between self-esteem and socio-demographic variables. Results: The odds ratio analysis revealed that adolescents who had low self esteem found to have 3.7 times (95% CI=1.9-6.9 and p- value 0.001 more risk of developing depression than the adolescents who had high self esteem. Conclusions: The findings implied that low self-esteem is a risk factor for depression among adolescents. Adolescents with low self esteem have to be identified earlier and prompt interventions will prevent future psychiatric illnesses. As an intervention towards the educational component pamphlet was distributed to the adolescents, parents and teachers. A concept programme called “Self Esteem Education & Development – SEED” programme, is planned for, from High school level.

Jayanthi P, Rajamanickam Rajkumar

2014-07-01

62

Body-self unity and self-esteem in patients with rheumatic diseases.  

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Perceptions and evaluations of the own body are important sources of self-esteem. Having a rheumatic disease challenges maintenance of positive self-esteem due to consequences of the disease such as unfavorable sensations as pain and limited (physical) functioning. We expect that a positive experience of the own body in spite of a rheumatic disease (body-self harmony) will be associated with higher levels of self-esteem and that experiencing the body as unworthy part of the own person or as disabler for own strivings (body-self alienation) will result in lower levels of self-esteem. For this explorative study, the body experience questionnaire (BEQ) measuring body-self unity was developed and piloted. One hundred sixty-eight patients visiting the outpatient rheumatology clinic of the Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, completed a questionnaire on touchscreen computers to measure body-self unity (BEQ), illness cognitions (illness cognition questionnaire), pain intensity, functional limitations (health assessment questionnaire disability index), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale) and demographics. To analyze predictors of self-esteem, hierarchical regression analyses were employed. The BEQ revealed a two-factor structure with good reliability (subscale harmony, four items, Cronbach's ? = 0.76; subscale alienation, six items, Cronbach's ? = 0.84). The final model of the hierarchical regression analyses showed that self-esteem can be predicted by the illness cognitions helplessness and acceptance, by harmony and most strongly by alienation from the body. R(2) of the final model was 0.50. The relationship between functional limitations and self-esteem was totally mediated by the psychological constructs body-self unity and illness cognitions. This explorative study showed the importance of the unity of body and self for self-esteem in patients with a rheumatic disease. PMID:21154020

Bode, Christina; van der Heij, Anouk; Taal, Erik; van de Laar, Mart A F J

2010-12-01

63

Orthodontics Align Crooked Teeth and Boost Self-Esteem  

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... desktop! more... Orthodontics Align Crooked Teeth and Boost Self- esteem Article Chapters Orthodontics Align Crooked Teeth and Boost Self- esteem Orthodontics print full article print this chapter email ...

64

Student self-esteem and academic achievement  

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Full Text Available There is a growing belief that academic achievement is the product of a complex network of teacher-student relations, where the identity of successful and unsuccessful student is developing with high, moderate or low self-esteem level. Self-esteem is most often defined as a conscious cognitive-affective expression of self-evaluation which is one of the most immediate indicators of self-concept integration degree. A number of authors view high self-esteem level as an important prerequisite for high academic achievement. In contrast, academic achievement and other experiences related to teaching and learning are considered to exert significant influence on self-esteem and a student should be successful at school first so as to develop a positive self-image and his academic abilities. The debate on what comes first - self-esteem or academic achievement - is in its character more academic than practical. This claim is supported by an increasing number of studies indicating the dynamism and reciprocity of correlation between academic achievement and self-esteem. The paper gives recommendations for educational practice to promote self-esteem and development of personal and social responsibility, which contributes to better student academic achievement. It is pointed out that teacher education in the field is necessary and that self-esteem and responsibility must become essential segments of curricula. Teacher is expected to become sensitive to the needs of students who are at risk to be unsuccessful and to largely apply cooperative learning methods. Findings demonstrate that cooperative learning either sustain or increase student self-esteem, whereas traditional teaching methods, in general, lead to its decline. Cooperative relations improve student self-image in respect of academic abilities and social interactions. Positive feedback, peer support, more frequent experience of learning achievement leads mainly to general increase in self-esteem and feeling of competence.

Miloševi? Nikoleta M.

2005-01-01

65

???????????????? The Relationship between Parent-Child Communication, Self-Esteem and Anxiety among Junior School Students  

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Full Text Available ???????????750????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????2 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????3 ????????????????????????????????????30.5%???????????????????6.3%?4 ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? To explore the relationship between parent-child communication, self-esteem and anxiety among junior school students, a test about self-rating anxiety scale. Self-esteem scale was made among 750 junior one and two students in Shenzhen. From the research, we get the results: 1 The scores of boys’ open parent-child communication is higher than girls, but there was no significant difference in parent-child communication problems; and the significant difference does not exist between open communication and problem of parent-child of only child and non-only child; 2 It shows positive relationship between open communication and self-esteem, and a negative relationship with anxiety; there is a negative relationship between self-esteem and communication of problems, and a positive relationship with anxiety; 3 Self-esteem and communication in problems of parent-child could significantly predict the level of anxiety of junior middle school students, the two variables can explain the total variance of 30.5%, the problem of communication between parents and children can only explain 6.3% of total variance; 4 Self-esteem plays an intermediary role in the relationship between parent-child communication and anxiety, play a mediating effect between self-esteem and communication in open parent-child and anxiety among them, don’t play intermediary role between parents and children to communicate with anxiety problems.

??

2013-03-01

66

Self-Esteem and Hopelessness, and Resiliency: An Exploratory Study of Adolescents in Turkey  

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Full Text Available Adolescence is a time of rapid development and change. In this developmental period, adolescents have to struggle with a large number of stress factors. In this process resilience is important to have as an adaptive, stress-resistant personal quality. The recent research considers that numerous factors contribute to resilience in adolescents; the internal characteristics associated with resilience include such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, perseverance, internal locus of control, coping and adaptation skills. The purpose of this study is to explore self-esteem and hopelessness as the predictor of resiliency of adolescents. The participants in this study are 223 high school school students (90 females and 133 males. Main instruments are Beck Hopelessness Scale, California Healthy Kids Survey Resilience-Youth Development Module High School Questionnaire and Coopersmith Self-Esteem Scale. The data has been analyzed by regression analysis. The findings showed that self-esteem and hopelessness is a significant predictor of resilience in adolescents. There was a positive relationship between self-esteem and resilience, but there was a negative relationship between hopelessness and resilience. In accordance with the results obtained from this study, there is a correlation between adolescents’ self-esteem, hopelessness and resilience levels. Finally, findings warrant further investigation of the interaction effects of self esteem and hopelessness on resilience.

Zeynep Karatas

2011-10-01

67

Creation and Validation of the Self-esteem/Self-image Female Sexuality (SESIFS) Questionnaire  

Science.gov (United States)

INTRODUCTION Self-esteem and self-image are psychological aspects that affect sexual function. AIMS To validate a new measurement tool that correlates the concepts of self-esteem, self-image, and sexuality. METHODS A 20-question test (the self-esteem/self-image female sexuality [SESIFS] questionnaire) was created and tested on 208 women. Participants answered: Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale, the female sexual quotient (FSQ), and the SESIFS questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to test concurrent validity of the SESIFS against Rosenberg’s self-esteem scale and the FSQ. Reliability was tested using the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. RESULT The new questionnaire had a good overall reliability (Cronbach’s alpha r = 0.862, p < 0.001), but the sexual domain scored lower than expected (r = 0.65). The validity was good: overall score r = 0.38, p < 0.001, self-esteem domain r = 0.32, p < 0.001, self-image domain r = 0.31, p < 0.001, sexual domain r = 0.29, p < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS The SESIFS questionnaire has limitations in measuring the correlation among self-esteem, self-image, and sexuality domains. A new, revised version is being tested and will be presented in an upcoming publication. PMID:25574149

Lordello, Maria CO; Ambrogini, Carolina C; Fanganiello, Ana L; Embiruçu, Teresa R; Zaneti, Marina M; Veloso, Laise; Piccirillo, Livia B; Crude, Bianca L; Haidar, Mauro; Silva, Ivaldo

2014-01-01

68

Defensive function of persecutory delusion and discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem in schizophrenia: study using the Brief Implicit Association Test  

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Background If delusions serve as a defense mechanism in schizophrenia patients with paranoia, then they should show normal or high explicit self-esteem and low implicit self-esteem. However, the results of previous studies are inconsistent. One possible explanation for this inconsistency is that there are two types of paranoia, “bad me” (self-blaming) paranoia and “poor me” (non-self-blaming) paranoia. We thus examined implicit and explicit self-esteem and self-blaming tendency in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. We hypothesized that patients with paranoia would show lower implicit self-esteem and only those with non-self-blaming paranoia would experience a discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem. Methods Participants consisted of patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder recruited from a day hospital (N=71). Participants were assessed for psychotic symptoms, using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), and self-blaming tendency, using the brief COPE. We also assessed explicit self-esteem, using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), implicit self-esteem, using Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT), and discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem. Results Contrary to our hypothesis, implicit self-esteem in paranoia and nonparanoia showed no statistical difference. As expected, only patients with non-self-blaming paranoia experienced a discrepancy between explicit and implicit self-esteem; other groups showed no such discrepancy. Conclusion These results suggest that persecutory delusion plays a defensive role in non-self-blaming paranoia. PMID:25565849

Nakamura, Mitsuo; Hayakawa, Tomomi; Okamura, Aiko; Kohigashi, Mutsumi; Fukui, Kenji; Narumoto, Jin

2015-01-01

69

Preliminary Assessment of Apache Hopefulness: Relationships with Hopelessness and with Collective as well as Personal Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Hopelessness is central to prominent mental health problems within American Indian (AI) communities. Apaches living on a reservation in Arizona responded to diverse expressions of hope along with Hopelessness, Personal Self-Esteem, and Collective Self-Esteem scales. An Apache Hopefulness Scale expressed five themes of hope and correlated…

Hammond, Vanessa Lea; Watson, P. J.; O'Leary, Brian J.; Cothran, D. Lisa

2009-01-01

70

Effect of Supportive Nursing Care on Self Esteem of Patients Receiving Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Self-esteem is an important potential indicator in etiology, diagnosis and treatment of patients with severe mental illness. ECT is a popular treatment for these patients that can effect on their self-esteem and reinforce their problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of supportive nursing care in increasing self esteem of patients receiving ECT. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in the Baharan psychiatric hospital of Zahedan. A total of 70 cases of patients who received ECT were randomly allocated to control (n=35 and intervention (n=35 groups. The data were collected by demographic characteristics questionnaire and Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES. Intervention group received the supportive nursing care. The control group received only routine treatment. Self esteem level was measured and compared before and after intervention for two groups. The data was analyzed by SPSS using the ?2, t-test and ANCOVA. Results: Results showed that both groups were homogeneous on the socio- demographic characteristics. The mean self esteem in the intervention group compared with the control group was significantly increased. While controlling the effects of individual and social variables, the result shows significant differences between two groups in the mean scores of self esteem after the intervention.Conclusion: The results suggest that supportive nursing care can have positive effect on self esteem of patients receiving ECT. It is recommended to use this method for increasing self esteem of these patients.

Hossein Ebrahimi

2014-06-01

71

Validação da Escala de Auto-estima de Rosenberg com adolescentes Portugueses em contexto forense e escolar / Validation of the Rosenberg Self-esteem scale with Portuguese adolescents in forensic and school contexts  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A presente investigação teve como objectivo proceder à validação da versão portuguesa da Escala de Auto-Estima de Rosenberg (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale -RSES) com adolescentes portugueses em contexto forense e escolar. Recorrendo a 760 adolescentes de ambos os sexos divididos em amostra forense (n [...] = 250) e amostra escolar (n = 510) foram demonstradas propriedades psicométricas que na generalidade justificam a sua utilização na população portuguesa adolescente geral e forense, nomeadamente a nível de validade de constructo, consistência interna, estabilidade temporal, validade discriminante e validade divergente. Foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas quanto à pontuação na RSES entre as amostras escolares masculina e feminina, mas o mesmo não aconteceu relativamente às amostras forenses masculina e feminina. Abstract in english The purpose of the present study was to validate a Portuguese version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) with Portuguese adolescents. With a total of 760 youths of both genders divided in a forensic sample (n = 250) and a community sample (n = 510) we were able to demonstrate psychometric pro [...] perties that justify its use with the Portuguese adolescent general and forensic populations, namely in terms of factorial validity, internal consistency, temporal stability, discriminant validity and divergent validity. Statistical significant differences regarding RSES scores were found between the male and female school samples, but not between the male and female forensic samples.

Pedro, Pechorro; João, Marôco; Carlos, Poiares; Rui Xavier, Vieira.

2011-12-01

72

Sense of Personal Worth, Self-Esteem, and Anomia of Child-Abusing Mothers and Controls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Control mothers reported stronger feelings of personal worth based on their perceptions of others' evaluations of them. Abusing mothers scored higher on feelings of social alienation. On the Self-Esteem scale, no significant differences were found between groups. (Author)

Shorkey, Clayton T.

1980-01-01

73

Does dyselxia affect self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life in university students?  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: Previous literature suggests that dyslexia affects self-esteem and self-concept in school children (Humphrey & Mullins, 2004). This study will extend the research into a sample of university students measuring self-esteem, self-concept and satisfaction with life between a dyslexic and non-dyslexic sample, taking gender (males and females) into account. Method: A questionnaire was utilised that included the Burnett Self-Scale, Reading Self-Concept Scale, and the Brief Multidimensio...

Graham, Sarah L.

2009-01-01

74

Money Attitude, Self-esteem, and Compulsive Buying in a Population of Medical Students  

OpenAIRE

This study tried to determine the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) and to identify among compulsive buyers a specific relation to money, a different buying style and a lowered level of self-esteem. We included 203 medical students and diagnosed CB with the Mc Elroy criteria and a specific questionnaire. The money attitude was characterized by the Yamauchi and Templer’s scale and self-esteem with the Rosenberg scale. 11% of the medical students presented compulsive buying (CB +). Sex rat...

MichelLejoyeux

2011-01-01

75

Self-esteem mediates the effect of the parent-adolescent relationship on depression.  

Science.gov (United States)

There is a trend of rapid growth in both the level and occurrence of depression when people reach adolescence. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of the parent-adolescent relationship on depression in adolescents, and mainly focused on the confirmation of the mediator role of self-esteem. A total of 364 senior middle school students accomplished the Parent-Adolescent Relationship Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale. The results suggested that both parent-adolescent relationship and self-esteem were significantly correlated with depression. Structural equation modeling indicated that self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between parent-adolescent relationship and depression. PMID:25030796

Hu, Junmin; Ai, Hongshan

2014-07-16

76

Adjustment in diabetic adolescent girls: II. Adjustment, self-esteem, and depression in diabetic adolescent girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Sullivan Diabetic Adjustment Scale were administered to 105 adolescent girls with diabetes. Results indicate that levels of self-esteem and depression highly correlate with the level of adjustment as assessed on the Diabetic Adjustment Scale (DAS). That is, the adjustment of adolescent diabetic girls in peer and family relationships, dependence-independence conflicts, and attitudes toward diabetes is significantly related to self-esteem; and the level of depression is significantly related to all these adjustment factors as well as body image. The results point to the usefulness of the DAS as a potential screening device for low self-esteem and depression in adolescent girls who have diabetes. The importance of diabetes as a scapegoat for normal adolescent concerns is discussed. It was also hypothesized that depression in adolescents may be expressed through concerns about diabetes. The importance of exploring relationships with peers and fathers is emphasized. PMID:441230

Sullivan, B J

1979-03-01

77

Self-esteem in Children with Psychosomatic Symptoms: Examination of Low Self-esteem and Prognosis  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem is the evaluative feelings one holds for oneself and the sense that one has essential worth. It is evaluated as the difference between the actual self and the ideal self. Healthy self-esteem supports psychological stability and positive social activity and is an essential element in the psychological development of children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem in children with psychosomatic symptoms and elucidate a strategy for using such evaluations in therapy. ...

Hosogi, Mizuho; Okada, Ayumi; Yamanaka, Eriko; Ootyou, Keiko; Tsukamoto, Chiaki; Morishima, Tsuneo

2007-01-01

78

Gender differences in self-esteem and happiness among university students  

OpenAIRE

The current research examines gender differences in the self esteem and happiness of university students. A sample of 120 students (60 males and 60 females) was drawn from the various departments of university of Sargodha within the age range of 18-26 years. Convenience sampling technique was used. ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1985) and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2001) were individually administered to the participants. The results suggested that the male ...

Malik, S.; Saida

2013-01-01

79

Gender differences in self-esteem and happiness among university students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The current research examines gender differences in the self esteem and happiness of university students. A sample of 120 students (60 males and 60 females was drawn from the various departments of university of Sargodha within the age range of 18-26 years. Convenience sampling technique was used. ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1985 and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills and Argyle, 2001 were individually administered to the participants. The results suggested that the male students reported significantly higher level of self esteem as compared to the female university students (t = 3.78, df = 117, ***p .05. Furthermore, significant positive relationship was found between happiness and self esteem of students (r = .22*. These findings have implications for helping teachers and parents.

Malik, S.

2013-03-01

80

Evaluation of self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis  

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Full Text Available Background and Design: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by itchy skin lesions. Since adolescents are intensely interested in their physical appearance, chronic skin diseases in this period can adversely affect the development of self esteem. Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that affects the appearance and there is an heightened attention to the body image in adolescence which is an important period of time in the development of self-esteem. Therefore, we aimed to investigate self-esteem and dermatological quality of life in adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients with atopic dermatitis and 33 healthy controls were included in the study. The Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale and the Children’s Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI were used for determining self-esteem and quality of life. The Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD Index was used to assess the severity of atopic dermatitis. Results: It was found that patient group had lower self-esteem than healthy controls according to the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale. A statistically significant difference was observed in happiness/satisfaction and anxiety subscale scores between the patients and healthy controls while there was no significant difference between the other sub-scale scores. Mean value of dermatological quality of life in patients with atopic dermatitis was significantly lower than in healthy controls. A moderate negative correlation was found between self-esteem and CDLQI scores among adolescents with atopic dermatitis. Discussion: This study results have shown that self-esteem and dermatological quality of life were adversely affected in adolescents with atopic dermatitis irrespective of gender. These patients should be examined psychiatrically besides dermatological examination and treatment. We suggest that improvement will be observed in self-esteem and quality of life of adolescents with atopic dermatitis by providing the necessary psychosocial support.

?jlal Erturan

2013-03-01

81

A Cooperative Study of Self-Esteem, Leadership and Resilience amongst Illegal Motorbike Racers and Normal Adolescents in Malaysia  

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Full Text Available Understanding self-esteem, leadership and resilience among at risk youth who are involved in illegal motorbike racing is a crucial issue prior to starting any intervention programs. It may provide an indication of their profile in order to change this negative behavior. This study aimed in examining the relationship between self-esteem, leadership and resilience among illegal motorbike racers and its comparison with normal adolescents. The study employed survey research involving the administration of three standardized psychological tests namely the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE, the adapted Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ and the Resilience Questionnaire (RQ. A total of 140 respondents participated in this study. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and t-test analysis. Results showed that there were significant correlations between self-esteem, leadership and resilience dimensions among normal adolescents. However there were no significant correlations between self-esteem, leadership and resilience dimensions among illegal motorbike racers. In addition, there were significant differences of self-esteem, leadership and resilience between normal adolescents and illegal motorbike racers. In conclusion, normal adolescents had higher self-esteem and leadership and they showed higher resilience while illegal motorbike racers showed lower self-esteem and leadership and in turn they were less resilient. This implied the need for continuous intervention programs in order to empower at risk youth. It was recommended that future studies explore other variables such as family and school variables that can influence resilience.

Wan Shahrazad, W. S.

2012-06-01

82

EXAMINING HOW WHEELCHAIR BASKETBALL PLAYERS’ SELF-ESTEEM AND MOTIVATION LEVELS IMPACT ON THEIR STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY LEVELS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine how wheelchair basketball players’ self-esteem and motivation levels impact on their state and trait anxiety levels. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Sport Motivation Scale and STAI (State Trait Anxiety Inventory were applied to the athletes before a competition. Data were collected from 124 athletes with disabilities. In this study, descriptive statistical techniques, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis (enter method were used. Multiple regression analyses indicated that self-esteem, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation, all of which function as predicting variables, predicted 42% variance in state anxiety and 50% variance in trait anxiety. Motivation and self-esteem are the best predictors of trait and state anxiety among the premier league wheelchair basketball players. Finally, a review of factors that impact on anxiety and quality of performance such as motivation and self-esteem is provided.

Hakan Kolayis

2012-11-01

83

The relationship between economic hardship, self esteem and parental behavior among low-income mothers  

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Full Text Available This quantitative research attempts to examine the relationships between economic hardship, self-esteem, and parental behavior among low-income mothers. Specifically, the objectives of this research are to: 1 measure the relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem; 2 measure the relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior; 3 measure the relationship between self-esteem and parental behavior; and 4 measure the relationshipbetween demographic aspects such as age and level of income with economic hardship, selfesteem and parental behavior. This research is based on a survey of 110 low-income mothers residing in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. The instrument consisted of three dimensions: Economic Strain Questionnaire (ESQ was used to measure economic hardship; Self-Esteem Inventories (SEI to measure self-esteem; and Parent’s Report Scale (PR to measure parental behavior. The validity and reliability of the entire three dimensions has been measured. The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics which involved mean, percentage, frequency, standard deviation and Pearson-correlation using the Statistical Packages for the SocialSciences (SPSS. The study showed that there was a negative relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem and a negative relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior. On the other hand, there was a positive relationship between self-esteemand parental behavior. The study also showed that there was a significant negative relationship between age and self-esteem, economic hardship, and parental behavior. Meanwhile, level of income was positively associated with self-esteem and parental behavior.

Joki Perdani Sawai

2011-12-01

84

The Relation Between Submissive Behaviours and Self Esteem State Among Nursing Students  

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Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine relationship between submissive acts and self esteem among nursing students. METHODS: This descriptive research has been performed with 322 nursing students in Akdeniz University, between February 2007-March 2007. Research data has derived by the questionnaire from that composed of two-parts. In the first part The Submissive Act Scale (SAS and in the second part The Coopersmith Esteem Inventory (CSEI has been used. The data analyzed by spearman?s correlation analysis. RESULTS: According to collected data; the students, who has participated to research 34.88 +-8.7 SAS average and 74.78 +/- 16.2 CSEI average has been established. 47 % of the students have SAS points more than average and 65 % of the students have high self esteem level is confirmed. As a result correlation analysis, significant relationship has determined between submissive acts and self esteem (r=- 0.42, p<0.01. According to the findings; submissive acts were negatively correlated with self esteem. CONCLUSION: Communications and interpersonal relationships are very important for nursing. Nurses play a vital communication role in the healthcare system. Assertiveness and self esteem is necessary for effective nurse communication. Because of the process of becoming a nurse is started at nursing school, nursing education should be more promote to self esteem and decreased to submissive behaviours through educational methods. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(1: 53-58

Ilkay Arslan Ozkan

2008-02-01

85

Self-esteem and depression in adolescent diabetic girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation was designed to examine self-esteem and depression in diabetic adolescent girls. One hundred nondiabetic girls age 12-16 and 105 diabetic girls age 12-16 were administered the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. Results indicated no significant difference between diabetic and nondiabetic girls in self-esteem scores. Diabetic girls showed significantly more depression than nondiabetic girls. Close examination of results revealed that, in fact, diabetic and nondiabetic adolescent girls were very similar. A major finding was that depression in the diabetic group was expressed primarily through physiologic symptoms of depression as seen in the vital depression scores, rather than through the pessimism, indecision-inhibition, or self-debasement measures of depression. Results were interpreted to mean that diabetic girls did not manifest deeper depression than nondiabetic girls but, rather, a greater awareness of their physiologic status. Diabetes emerged as a focus for the expression of normal adolescent conflicts. The importance of integrating developmental issues into the treatment plans for diabetic patients is emphasized. PMID:554782

Sullivan, B J

1978-01-01

86

Could Premature Birth Affect Adult Relationships, Self-Esteem?  

Science.gov (United States)

... enable JavaScript. Could Premature Birth Affect Adult Relationships, Self-Esteem? Young people who were born preemies start having ... reasons, he said. If it's related to low self-esteem, that would be concerning. But if it's related ...

87

Evaluation of self-esteem among homosexuals in the southern region of the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study seeks to evaluate self-esteem in homosexuals from southern Santa Catarina and relate it to several variables such as gender, age, bullying and psychiatric treatment. Participants were selected using the "Snowball" technique. The Rosenberg self-esteem scale was used for self-esteem assessment with subsequent comparison with other variables. A total of 403 individuals were interviewed, including 310 males with a mean age of 24.02. Most of the population studied (80.9%) had high self-esteem, with a mean score of 5.55 on the Rosenberg scale. Individuals who had only studied up to primary school level, were unemployed, evangelicals, with a history of psychotherapeutic and psychiatric treatment, or who had been subjected to bullying in the last year and those who wished to change their sexual orientation, had significantly lower self-esteem than the others. 114 people had used psychotropic drugs, 47.58% of which were benzodiazepine-based, primarily Clonazepam (27.58%). Most of this population had high self-esteem. There was a difference between some categories of the variables studied, however, all averages corresponded to high self-esteem on the Rosenberg scale. Benzodiazepines were the psychotropic drugs most often used by the individuals in this study. PMID:25351322

Canali, Tiago José; Oliveira, Sylvia Marina Soares de; Reduit, Deivid Montero; Vinholes, Daniele Botelho; Feldens, Viviane Pessi

2014-11-01

88

Importance and usefulness of evaluating self-esteem in children  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Self-esteem is the "feeling of self-appreciation" and is an indispensable emotion for people to adapt to society and live their lives. For children, in particular, the environment in which they are raised contributes profoundly to the development of their self-esteem, which in turn helps them to adapt better to society. Various psychologists have provided definitions of self-esteem, and examined methods of objectively evaluating self-esteem. Questionnaire-style assessment methods for...

Hosogi Mizuho; Okada Ayumi; Fujii Chikako; Noguchi Keizou; Watanabe Kumi

2012-01-01

89

Striving for self-esteem : Conceptualizations and role in burnout  

OpenAIRE

When self-esteem is dependent on competence individuals invest a great deal of effort in their accomplishments in order to validate themselves. The aim of the present thesis was to develop a theoretically sound and valid concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, and examine its vulnerable implications and role in burnout. In Study I a concept and measure of contingent self-esteem dependent on competence, termed competence-based self-esteem (CBSE), was developed. C...

Blom, Victoria

2011-01-01

90

SELF-ESTEEM OF THE CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES  

OpenAIRE

The term ‘self-esteem’refer to overall level of self-evaluation or self-regard. It is an evaluative measure of attitudes toward the self in social, academic, family, and personal areas of experience. Within the self-esteem literature, there has been mixed empirical support for the relationship between self-esteem and performance. In this study, researcher has studied whether the children with learning disabilities (LD) differ significantly in their self-esteem from the ...

Kuldeep Kaur

2014-01-01

91

Interaction effect study on stress reaction and job burnout, personality, self-esteem in radiological medical personnel  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To explore interaction effect between stress reaction and job burnout, personality, self-esteem in radiological medical personnel with path analysis. Methods: 728 radiological medical personnels were investigated with Maslach burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Self-esteem Scale. Results: Multiple regression and path analysis revealed that there were statistically significant relation between stress reaction and job burnout, Personality and self-esteem. Conclusion: Psychological stress is a complicated and multiple interaction of psychological stress related factors. (authors)

92

Factors associated with self-esteem in persons with morbid obesity and in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A cross-sectional study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Living with chronic illnesses can be stressful and may negatively impact persons' self-esteem. Personal factors, like self-efficacy and illness perceptions, and also factors related to the environment, activity, and participation may be associated with self-esteem in chronic illness populations. This cross-sectional comparative study explored sociodemographic variables, work, physical activity, illness perceptions, and general self-efficacy in relation to self-esteem in persons with morbid obesity and in persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The study had a cross-sectional design. A total of 223 eligible participants were recruited from patient education courses, and data were collected at baseline. Self-esteem was measured with The Rosenberg self-esteem scale; the general self-efficacy scale was used to measure self-efficacy, and brief illness perception questionnaire was also used. This is an instrument assessing cognitions about the illness and emotional responses towards it. Multivariate linear regression was used in the statistical analyses. In obese participants (n = 134), higher self-esteem was associated with lower emotional response, a shorter timeline, and higher general self-efficacy. In COPD participants (n = 89), higher self-esteem was associated with higher general self-efficacy. The independent variables accounted for 42.9% (morbid obesity) and 49.4% (COPD) of the self-esteem variance. In participants in both illness groups, higher self-efficacy was associated with increased self-esteem. A shorter timeline and lower emotional response to illness was related to higher self-esteem only for the obese participants. The results indicate that believing in one's capacity to cope with everyday challenges is important for self-esteem in persons with morbid obesity and in persons with COPD, whereas illness perceptions related to the duration of illness and the coping with emotions also is important for self-esteem in persons with morbid obesity. PMID:25220791

Bonsaksen, Tore; Fagermoen, May Solveig; Lerdal, Anners

2015-06-01

93

Visual Impairment and Self-Esteem: What Makes a Difference?  

Science.gov (United States)

This account follows on from the research report "Visual impairment and its impact on self-esteem" (Bowen, 2010) published in this journal. The original article reported the results of an investigation of self-esteem levels amongst a sample group of 60 children with visual impairment. Four children, whose self-esteem was measured as "low" or "very…

Bowen, Jayne

2010-01-01

94

Self-Esteem and Suicide Ideation in Psychiatric Outpatients  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression, hopelessness, and low self-esteem are implicated as vulnerability factors for suicide ideation. The association of self-esteem with suicide ideation after controlling for depressed mood and hopelessness was examined. Adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 338) completed measures of self-esteem, suicide ideation, hopelessness, and…

Bhar, Sunil; Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Marjan; Brown, Gregory; Beck, Aaron T.

2008-01-01

95

Relationships between Self-Esteem and Smoking Experimentation in Childhood  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been mixed results concerning any association between self-esteem and smoking prevalence in young people. The aim of this paper was to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between self-esteem and the uptake of smoking in childhood, and how various sub-components of self-esteem are related to smoking. A sample of…

Barlow, Alexandra; Woods, Susan E.

2009-01-01

96

Exploring relationships between facets of self-esteem and drinking behavior among diverse groups of young adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

Theory and empirical evidence suggest that North American-based measures of self-esteem, which measure individualistic positive self-regard, may be less applicable to Eastern cultures. In the present exploratory study, we examined how different conceptualizations of self-esteem, as measured by the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale and the Collective Self-esteem (CSE) Scale, predicted drinking behavior among three groups of American college students (N=326) with varying ethnicities: White, Korean, and Chinese/Taiwanese. Hierarchical negative binomial regression was employed to evaluate these relations. Ethnic identity was controlled for in all analyses. Findings indicated that while global self-esteem was positively associated with drinking for the whole sample, ethnicity moderated this relationship such that global self-esteem was related to drinking for White participants but not for their Chinese/Taiwanese counterparts. In addition, while CSE did not associate with drinking for the whole sample, effects emerged for specific ethnicities. Specifically, private CSE was associated with less drinking for Korean and Chinese/Taiwanese participants. Depending on specific Asian ethnicity, public CSE served as a risk (Korean participants) or a protective factor (Chinese/Taiwanese participants) for drinking. Findings suggest that above and beyond ethnic identity, differential relationships between facets of self-esteem and drinking behavior may exist among White, Korean, and Chinese/Taiwanese young adults. Intervention and prevention programs should develop strategies to help Chinese/Taiwanese and Korean American young adults cultivate protective factors within domains of CSE. PMID:23811062

Pedersen, Eric R; Hsu, Sharon Hsin; Neighbors, Clayton; Paves, Andrew P; Larimer, Mary E

2013-10-01

97

The Self-Esteem of Rural Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children's self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children's self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children's feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher…

Yang, Raymond K.; Fetsch, Robert J.

2007-01-01

98

Romantic Jealousy and Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Like a fire out of control, jealousy can reduce a marriage to rubble. It can leave self-esteem ruined. Although oversimplified, the pathologically jealous person regards even slight signs as conclusive evidence of betrayal. Where jealousy arises exclusively within a relationship then a counselor might examine the jealous person's self-concept and…

Palisi, Anthony T.

1992-01-01

99

Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods  

Science.gov (United States)

In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

Isiklar, Abdullah

2012-01-01

100

The impact of parental self-esteem and parental rearing behavior on adolescent attachment to parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study the relationship of parental self-esteem, parental rearing and adolescent adult attachment was investigated. A total 448 senior high school students completed EMBU?Egna Minnen av Barndoms Uppfostran, or ?Own memories of parental rearing?, Perris et al., 1980, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR; Brennan, Clark, &Shaver, 1998, and their parents completed The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES; Rosenberg, 1965. The results suggested that parental global self-esteem has no effect on the adolescent attachment to parents. Parental positive rearing behaviors have been significantly associated with avoidance to parents. Furthermore, the negative rearing behaviors, such as paternal denying and rejecting, maternal punitiveness, maternal overinvolved and overprotective behavior, can predict the adolescent avoidance and anxiety to parents.

Anbo Yang

2011-06-01

101

Depression, self-esteem, and life events in adolescents with chronic diseases.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assesses whether nonhospitalized adolescents with chronic diseases differ from their healthy peers on standardized measurements of depression, self-esteem, and life events. The study group consisted of 80 patients (20 with sickle cell disease, 40 with asthma, and 20 with diabetes). All patients had been admitted at least twice in the preceding year, had their disease for at least 2 years, and were between the ages of 12 and 18. The control group consisted of 100 adolescents, matched for age and socioeconomic status, from local schools. All subjects completed a questionnaire compiled from the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Rosenberg Scale of Self-Esteem, and the McCutcheon Life Events Checklist. Adolescents with chronic disease had higher depression scores (p less than 0.001) and lower self-esteem (p less than 0.001) than their healthy age-matched controls. There was no statistically significant difference in life events between the chronic disease and control groups. Depression, self-esteem, and life events did not differ significantly among the three disease groups. These findings suggest a need for intervention strategies to address depression and low self-esteem in adolescents with chronic disease. PMID:2262397

Seigel, W M; Golden, N H; Gough, J W; Lashley, M S; Sacker, I M

1990-11-01

102

Equivalencies Regarding the Measurement and Constructs of Self-Esteem and Major Life Events in an Asian-Pacific Islander Sampler.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines aspects of self-esteem measures and major life events using the 10-item Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) with Hawaiian, part-Hawaiian, and non-Hawaiian high school students (N=816). There was a lack of consensus regarding the dimensions of RSES as previously reported. Measurement equivalency findings concerning RSES caution against…

Miyamoto, Robin H.; Hishinuma, Earl S.; Nishimura, Stephanie T.; Nahulu, Linda B.; Andrade, Naleen N.; Johnson, Ronald C.; Makini, George K., Jr.; Yuen, Noelle Y. C.; Kim, S. Peter; Goebert, Deborah A.; Carlton, Barry S.; Bell, Cathy K.

2001-01-01

103

How effective is a group based motivational interviewing intervention in promoting pupil resilience and self-esteem?  

OpenAIRE

The research examined the impact of a five week group-based motivational interviewing intervention on pupils’ self-esteem and resilience. The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (Prince-Embury 2007) and The Self Image Profiles (Butler 2001) were used as tools to obtain pre and post measures of pupil resilience and self-esteem. The researcher also explored teacher and pupil views of mental well being and Goodman’s (1997) Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was utilised to m...

Moss, Claudia

2010-01-01

104

Using Trait-State Models to Evaluate the Longitudinal Consistency of Global Self-Esteem From Adolescence to Adulthood  

OpenAIRE

The present research used a latent variable trait-state model to evaluate the longitudinal consistency of self-esteem during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Analyses were based on ten administrations of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) spanning the ages of approximately 13 to 32 for a sample of 451 participants. Results indicated that a completely stable trait factor and an autoregressive trait factor accounted for the majority of the variance in latent self-est...

Donnellan, M. Brent; Kenny, David A.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Lucas, Richard E.; Conger, Rand D.

2012-01-01

105

Relationship Between Eating Behaviors, Self Esteem and Academic Achievement among Lower Secondary School Students in Meru Klang, Malaysia  

OpenAIRE

This study attempted to investigate the relationship between eating behaviors, self esteem and academic achievement among lower secondary school students. Cross sectional study was conducted among 274 respondents aged 13 to 15 years old. A questionnaire comprising sociodemographic items, Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire (EBPQ), Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale and exam result were taken. Significant relationship were found between low fat eating behavior with academic achievement with (p = 0...

Khairil Anuar Md Isa; Kartini Ilias; Nazirah Zuman; Ajau Danis

2012-01-01

106

EXAMINING HOW WHEELCHAIR BASKETBALL PLAYERS’ SELF-ESTEEM AND MOTIVATION LEVELS IMPACT ON THEIR STATE AND TRAIT ANXIETY LEVELS  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of the study was to examine how wheelchair basketball players’ self-esteem and motivation levels impact on their state and trait anxiety levels. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Sport Motivation Scale and STAI (State Trait Anxiety Inventory) were applied to the athletes before a competition. Data were collected from 124 athletes with disabilities. In this study, descriptive statistical techniques, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regression analysis (enter m...

Hakan Kolayis

2012-01-01

107

Depression, low self-esteem and mindfulness.  

OpenAIRE

Negative biases in processing information about the self have long been recognised as a central feature in the development and maintenance of clinical depression. In practice, however, it may not be easy to distinguish between patients whose negative thinking about the self is primarily an aspect of current mood state, and those for whom it represents a reflection of more enduring issues (low self-esteem). The paper speculates that, in both cases, metacognitive awareness (acceptance of the id...

Fennell, Mj

2004-01-01

108

The Role of Socio-Physical Anxiety, Body Image, and Self Esteem in Prediction of the Eating Disorder in Sportswomen  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Socio-physical anxiety, body image, and self esteem are variables that play an important role on eating disorders. The purpose of this research was the role of socio-physical anxiety, body image and self esteem in prediction of the eating disorders in sportswomen.Materials and Method: 181 of aerobic and physical readiness sportswomen were selected by clustered sampling method and filled the questionnaire containing eating disorder, socio-physical anxiety, body image concern and self esteem scales. Results: According to this research, there was meaningful correlation between social physical anxiety (r=-0.326, body image concern (r=0.466 and self-esteem (r=0.349 with eating disorders and these variables were explained the 0.27 variance in eating disorders. Conclusion: Results are corresponding with previous studies and have important implications in attention to the predicting variables of eating disorders in athletes’ women

Aidin Valizade

2012-03-01

109

Self-Esteem and Anxiety among Asian and European students  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem and Anxiety have been widely studied back-to-back on the premises of academic settings, since research has shown that they interact with eachother. The current study compares the score of self-esteem and anxiety of international students currently studying at Umeå University. Thirty students from Europe and Asia have been accessed respectively through usage of a questionnaire designed for its purpose. Overall, Europeans has higher self-esteem than Asians, however, there is no sig...

Amorim, Filipe; Lam, Mei Ka Geraldine

2013-01-01

110

Rural High School Students’ Sexual Behavior and Self-Esteem  

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Full Text Available Background: Negative consequences for sexual health may be caused by risky sexual behavior related to attitudes, norms and self-efficacy regarding sexuality. Research has not resulted in a consensus on the associations between self-esteem and adolescents’ sexual behavior. Aims and Objectives: The aim of the study was to describe high school students’ sexual behavior and self-esteem, along with investigating the relationship of attitudes, norms, self-efficacy, and self-esteem to sexual risk behavior. Another aim was to describe and compare gender differences in self-esteem and sexual risk behavior in high school students in a rural context. Methodological Design: A cross-sectional design was used. The participants were 139 high school students, 16 to 18 years of age, sample size was decided by power calculation, and systematic randomized sampling was used. The students replied to a questionnaire about self-esteem, factors affecting sexual risk behavior, and sexual behavior. Results: Swedish high school students reported having few sexual partners, a low use of alcohol along with sex, yet a low consistency in condom use. The students reported both high basic self-esteem as well as earned self-esteem. Basic self-esteem was higher for male students while earned self-esteem was higher for female students. Significant correlations were found between self-esteem and some factors affecting sexual risk behavior related to condom use. Conclusion: High school students exhibited positive sexual behaviors and high levels of self-esteem, yet they put themselves at risk by inconsistent use of condoms. Our findings can contribute the need of to an awareness of the role self-esteem, attitudes, norms and self-efficacy plays in adolescents’ sexual behavior. Nurses working at the youth clinics are in a key position to discuss sexual health issues with adolescents to promote healthy outcomes in sexual health.

Brian Unis

2015-01-01

111

Damaged Self-Esteem is Associated with Internalizing Problems  

OpenAIRE

Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between implicit and explicit self-esteem with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneli...

DaanCreemers; RonScholte; RutgerEngels; MitchellPrinstein; ReinoutWWiers

2013-01-01

112

Dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents / Estética dental y autoestima en adolescentes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Investigar la relación entre estética dental y autoestima en adolescentes. Métodos: La muestra de 387 adolescentes entre 13 y 16 años seleccionados aleatoriamente de los colegios de educación secundaria. Se realizó un examen clínico para evaluar la estética dental a través del Dental Aesth [...] etic Index (DAI). La autoestima se valoró usando la Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale. El análisis estadístico incluyó medidas descriptivas y una comparación de medias realizadas a través de las pruebas t-Student y ANOVA. El DAI se correlacionó con la Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale por medio del coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. Los datos recolectados se analizaron en el programa SPSS versión 17. Resultados: La media de DAI fue 34.2 (DE=14.2) y de autoestima de 22.6 (DE=4.6). El grupo de estrato socio-económico (SES) bajo tuvo los niveles más altos de DAI y los más bajos de autoestima. Una pequeña pero significativa correlación negativa se encontró entre los niveles del DAI y la Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale (r=-0.1; p0.05). En relación con género, en mujeres se encontró una pequeña correlación negativa (r=-0.14; p0.05). Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos por esta investigación pueden mejorar el entendimiento de cómo la correlación de estética dental y autoestima podría fluctuar debido a la variabilidad del SES. Abstract in english Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dental aesthetics and self-esteem in adolescents. Methods: The sample was 387 randomly selected high school adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. A clinical examination to evaluate dental aesthetics was conducted usin [...] g the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Self-esteem was assessed with the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included a descriptive analysis and means comparison, which was made through t-Student and ANOVA tests. DAI was correlated to Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale with Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed by using the SPSS program version 17. Results: The mean DAI score was 34.2 (SD=14.2) and self-esteem was 22.6 (SD=4.6). The low socioeconomic status (SES) group had the highest levels of DAI and the lowest levels of self-esteem. A weak, but statistically significant, negative correlation was found between DAI scores and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (r=-0.1, p0.05). Regarding gender, in female individuals a negative weak correlation (r=-0.14, p0.05). Conclusions: The outcomes generated by this investigation can improve our understanding of how the correlation between dental aesthetics and self-esteem may fluctuate because of the SES variability.

Ana Cristina, Mafla; Edwin Gerardo, Luna; Nubia Rocío, Sánchez; David Alexander, Barrera; Ginna Mabel, Muñoz.

2011-12-01

113

Loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction as predictors of Internet addiction: a cross-sectional study among Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationship among loneliness, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and Internet addiction. Participants were 384 university students (114 males, 270 females) from 18 to 24 years old from the faculty of education in Turkey. The Internet Addiction, UCLA Loneliness, Self-esteem, and Life Satisfaction scales were distributed to about 1000 university students, and 38.4% completed the survey (see Appendix A and B). It was found that loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction explained 38% of the total variance in Internet addiction. Loneliness was the most important variable associated with Internet addiction and its subscales. Loneliness and self-esteem together explained time-management problems and interpersonal and health problems while loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction together explained only the interpersonal and health problems subscales. PMID:23577670

Bozoglan, Bahadir; Demirer, Veysel; Sahin, Ismail

2013-08-01

114

Continuity and Change in Self-Esteem During Emerging Adulthood  

OpenAIRE

The present study examined the development of self-esteem in a sample of emerging adults (N = 295) followed longitudinally over 4 years of college. Six waves of self-esteem data were available. Participants also rated, at the end of their 4th year, the degree to which they thought their self-esteem had changed during college. Rank-order stability was high across all waves of data (Mdn disattenuated correlation = .87). On average, self-esteem levels dropped substantially during the 1st semeste...

Chung, Joanne M.; Robins, Richard W.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Noftle, Erik E.; Roberts, Brent W.; Widaman, Keith F.

2013-01-01

115

The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Orientation: The effects of challenges (like decreased employment opportunities, increased personal responsibility to keep up with changes, current skill shortages and of retaining talented and skilled staff have led to an emphasis on career meta-competencies to improve employability attributes.

Research purpose: The objectives of the study were to determine the relationship between self-esteem (as the Culture Free Self-Esteem Inventory measures it and employability attributes (as the Employability Attributes Scale measures it; to determine whether people’s biographical details significantly predict their self-esteem and employability attributes; and whether men and women differ significantly in their self-esteem and employability attributes.

Motivation for the study: There seems to be a paucity of studies that investigate how people’s self-esteem relates to their employability attributes in South Africa’s multi-cultural context.

Research design, approach and method: The researcher conducted a quantitative survey on a convenience sample of 304 employed adults enrolled for an honours degree in business management in a higher education institution. She used correlational statistics, multiple regression analyses, categorical regressions and independent t-tests to analyse the data.

Main findings: The researcher found a number of significant relationships between the participants’ self-esteem and employability. The results showed that biographical details significantly predicted participants’ employability attributes.

Practical/managerial implications: Career counsellors and human resource practitioners need to recognise how people’s self-esteem and their biographical details influence their employability attributes.

Contribution/value-add: The findings add to the literature on the skills, abilities and biographical information that influence employability and give valuable information that organisations can use during career development support and career counselling practices in the contemporary world of work.

How to cite this article: Potgieter, I. (2012. The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 10(2, Art. #419, 15 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v10i2.419

Ingrid Potgieter

2012-02-01

116

Quality of life and self-esteem in patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinomas: long-term results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cancer is a multifactorial disease and skin carcinomas are the most common type of cancer. Assessing quality of life and self-esteem outcomes in skin cancer patients is important because these are indicators of the results of the treatment, translating how patients face their lives and [...] their personal relationships. OBJECTIVE: To assess the late impact of the surgical treatment of head and/or neck skin carcinomas on quality of life and self-esteem of the patients. METHODS: Fifty patients with head or neck skin carcinomas were enrolled. Their age ranged between 30 and 75 years, 27 were men and 23 were women. Patients were assessed with regard to quality of life and self-esteem, preoperatively and five years postoperatively. Validated instruments were used: the MOS 36-item Short-form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem/EPM-UNIFESP Scale. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients completed the five-year follow-up, 54.5% women and 45.5% men. Compared to the preoperative assessment, patients had an improvement in mental health (p=0.011) and in self-esteem (p=0.002). There was no statistical difference with regard to the other domains of the SF-36. CONCLUSION: Patients submitted to surgical treatment of skin carcinoma improved mental health and self-esteem in the late postsurgical testing.

Paula Curitiba, Maciel; Joel, Veiga-Filho; Marcelo Prado de, Carvalho; Fernando Elias Martins, Fonseca; Lydia Masako, Ferreira; Daniela Francescato, Veiga.

2014-07-01

117

Relationship between Mother’s Attitudes, Maternal Treatment Styles and Communication Competence with Deaf Children’s Self-Esteem in Iran High Schools for the Deaf  

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Full Text Available This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude, communication competence, maternal treatment styles and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. Previous studies among deaf children have explored into factors such as types of education, parents’ role, deaf parents’ impact, the severity of deafness, age of onset, deaf child’s communication at home and kinds of hearing aid used (Crocker, 2008. Other variables such as family’s attitude, communication competence, and parental treatment styles have not been systematically explored. It is also not clear which factor affect deaf children’s self-esteem. This survey was conducted at four deaf high schools in Mashhad, Iran. The sample consisted of 200 deaf children (100 boys and 100 girls and 200 hearing mothers. Four inventories were used in the study: (1 Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (to measure children’s self-esteem, (2 Parental Attitudes towards Deafness Scale (to measure mother’s attitude, (3 Parental Acceptance, Neglect and Rejection Questionnaire (to measure maternal treatment styles, and (4 Communication Competence Scale (to measure communication competence. The children answered three questionnaires: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Parental Acceptance, Neglect and Rejection Questionnaire and Communication Competence Scale; while the mothers responded to Parental Attitudes towards Deafness Scale and Communication Competence Scale. In addition, the researcher conducted in-depth interviews with four deaf children and their mothers. The results showed relationships between the mothers’ attitude and deaf children self-esteem, communication competence and self-esteem in deaf children, and mothers’ treatment styles and deaf children’s self-esteem. It was found that in both groups (boys and girls, level of self-esteem was higher for deaf children who were from high income family, whose father and mother had higher education. No significant difference was found between genders in deaf children self-esteem. Finally mothers’ attitude, communication competence, and their treatment styles were found to be predictive of self-esteem among deaf children.Understanding the source of deaf children’s self-esteem is important for it is the first step in developing self-esteem in deaf children. Helping professionals such as counselors and teachers should involve family members through counseling and coaching on how to manage their deaf children. The counselors can help hearing parents navigate through their feelings and reactions by acknowledging their feelings of disbelief, grief, guilt, and anger when there is a deaf child in the family.

Effat Hamed Sardar

2012-10-01

118

Sweets, Sex, or Self-Esteem? Comparing the Value of Self-Esteem Boosts with Other Pleasant Rewards  

OpenAIRE

Many people ascribe great value to self-esteem, but how much value? Do people value self-esteem more than other pleasant activities, such as eating sweets and having sex? Two studies of college students (Study 1: N=130; Study 2: N=152) showed that people valued boosts to their self-esteem more than they valued eating a favorite food and engaging in a favorite sexual activity. Study 2 also showed that people valued self-esteem more than they valued drinking alcohol, receiving a paycheck, and s...

Bushman, B. J.; Moeller, S. J.; Crocker, J.

2011-01-01

119

Is self-esteem a "double edged sword"? Self-esteem and the onset of adolescent sexual activity  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem has been conceptualized as a social vaccine. The belief is that high self-esteem can inoculate young people, against vulnerability to a wide range of social illnesses. This study gives a contribution in the understanding of the causal relation between self-esteem and sexual behaviour among American adolescents. I analyzes the impact of different levels of early self-esteem on a wide set of risky sexual behaviours. I use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Healt...

Favara, Marta

2013-01-01

120

General self-esteem and locus of control of young sportsmen  

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Full Text Available This paper deals with the relationship between some elements of self-concept (general self-esteem and locus of control and going in for sport in adolescence. The relationship between going in for sport and variables of self-concept (general self-esteem and external locus of control was investigated in a sample of 300 adolescent boys and girls (150 sportsmen and 150 non-sportsmen. Modification of the Rosenberg’s General self-esteem scale and Bezinovi?-Sav?i?’s Scale of externality were used to measure variables of self-concept. The significant positive correlation between variables of going in for sport and general selfesteem, as well as negative ones between variables of going in for sport and external locus of control were found in the whole sample of subjects and in the sample of boys, but not of girls. The sex role stereotypes and greater importance that the culture puts on success in sport for boys have contributed to such results. The sex differences in correlations between variables of self-concept and going in for sport suggest that going in for sport influences general self-esteem and locus of control in adolescents through social feedback and social evaluation of sport achievement and physical fitness. .

Gaši?-Paviši? Slobodanka

2006-01-01

121

Romanticism and Self-Esteem among Teen Mothers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined teen mothers' (N=94) romanticism and self-esteem so as to investigate these variables' relationships among ten independent variables, (e.g., age and sexual activity). Results indicate that five variables were significantly related to romanticism (previous abortion, etc.), whereas two variables were connected to self-esteem (age and birth…

Medora, Nilufer P.; von der Hellen, Cheryl

1997-01-01

122

Assessment of Self-Esteem and Satisfaction in Amputee Children  

Science.gov (United States)

The study involving six single and multiple amputee children (10 to 14 years old) was conducted to provide information on how situations affect the self esteem of amputee children, how situations affect satisfaction with their prostheses, and the relationship between amputee self esteem and their satisfaction with their prosthetic device.…

Spencer, C. D.; And Others

1977-01-01

123

Steady Dating and Self-Esteem in High School Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Results indicated going steady among high school sophomores was associated with lower self-esteem. Lowest scores were held by girls who had gone steady in the past and were still going steady. For boys the difference in self-esteem between those who were going steady and those who were not was unrelated to their past dating practices. (BF)

McDonald, D. L.; McKinney, J. P.

1994-01-01

124

Multimodal frontostriatal connectivity underlies individual differences in self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

A heightened sense of self-esteem is associated with a reduced risk for several types of affective and psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety and eating disorders. However, little is known about how brain systems integrate self-referential processing and positive evaluation to give rise to these feelings. To address this, we combined diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to test how frontostriatal connectivity reflects long-term trait and short-term state aspects of self-esteem. Using DTI, we found individual variability in white matter structural integrity between the medial prefrontal cortex and the ventral striatum was related to trait measures of self-esteem, reflecting long-term stability of self-esteem maintenance. Using fMRI, we found that functional connectivity of these regions during positive self-evaluation was related to current feelings of self-esteem, reflecting short-term state self-esteem. These results provide convergent anatomical and functional evidence that self-esteem is related to the connectivity of frontostriatal circuits and suggest that feelings of self-worth may emerge from neural systems integrating information about the self with positive affect and reward. This information could potentially inform the etiology of diminished self-esteem underlying multiple psychiatric conditions and inform future studies of evaluative self-referential processing. PMID:24795440

Chavez, Robert S; Heatherton, Todd F

2015-03-01

125

Trajectories of Global Self-Esteem Development during Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on data from a 17-year longitudinal study of 1083 adolescents, from the ages of 13 to 30 years, the average development of self-reported global self-esteem was found to be high and stable during adolescence. However, there is considerable inter-individual variance in baseline and development of global self-esteem. This study used latent…

Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Melkevik, Ole; Holsen, Ingrid; Wold, Bente

2012-01-01

126

Building Self-Esteem: A Self-Help Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

Building Self-esteem A Self-Help Guide Foreword It contains information, ideas, and strategies that people from all over the ... person. I deserve to feel good about myself." Self-esteem, Depression and Other Illnesses Before you begin to ...

127

Low Self-Esteem of Psychotherapy Patients: A Qualitative Inquiry  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the story of 11 male psychotherapeutic patients with low self-esteem is told within the context of the research process. The literature suggests that the concept of "self-esteem" has a significant influence on the way an individual experiences his/her world. Therefore, the meaning that the psychotherapeutic patients associated…

van Zyl, Jacob D.; Cronje, Elsje M.; Payze, Catharine

2006-01-01

128

The development of self-efficacy and self-esteem in pharmacy students based on experiential education  

Science.gov (United States)

This doctoral thesis contributes to the literature on self-efficacy and self-esteem and the relationship to a student's school, age, gender, ethnicity, GPA, paid and introductory pharmacy practice experiences in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. Graduates with a high level of self-efficacy and self-esteem are more desirable as pharmacists upon graduation. A quantitative survey, which includes two standardized instruments, the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), was administered to students at five schools of pharmacy in the northeast United States, resulting in a total of 399 responses. The findings confirm the significance of paid experiences and increased levels of a student's self-efficacy in a pharmacy setting. The other finding was related to ethnicity where the Asian/Pacific Islander students showed lower self-efficacy than other ethnic groups, which may be due to a cultural difference in displaying traits of high self-efficacy. Self-esteem also showed a positive finding for students with paid experiences and students who were older. There was an ethnicity finding where Asian/Pacific Islanders scored lower on the self-esteem scale, while the African-Americans scored higher than all the other groups. The results show that students improve their levels of self-efficacy and self-esteem through extended practical experiences. Schools should provide structured experiences of a sufficient length, beyond the present 300 hours, to prepare students for their transition into a professional role. Educators should be aware of the difference in Asian/Pacific Islander culture and encourage students to demonstrate their self-efficacy and self-esteem so other professionals can recognize them for their attributes.

Yorra, Mark L.

129

Explaining Method Effects Associated with Negatively Worded Items in Trait and State Global and Domain-Specific Self-Esteem Scales  

Science.gov (United States)

Several investigators have interpreted method effects associated with negatively worded items in a substantive way. This research extends those studies in different ways: (a) it establishes the presence of methods effects in further populations and particular scales, and (b) it examines the possible relations between a method factor associated…

Tomas, Jose M.; Oliver, Amparo; Galiana, Laura; Sancho, Patricia; Lila, Marisol

2013-01-01

130

Associations between trait emotional intelligence and loneliness in Chinese undergraduate students: mediating effects of self-esteem and social support.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior studies indicate that trait emotional intelligence (EI) is associated negatively with loneliness. However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship are not clear. This study assessed whether both self-esteem and social support mediated the associations between trait EI and loneliness. 469 Chinese undergraduate participants whose age ranged from 18 to 23 years (208 women) were asked to complete four self-report questionnaires, including the Wong Law Emotional Intelligence Scale, the Social and Emotional Loneliness Scale, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, and the Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Analyses indicated that self-esteem and social support fully mediated the associations between trait EI and loneliness. Effect contrasts indicated that the specific indirect effect through social support was significantly greater than that through self-esteem. Moreover, a multiple-group analysis indicated that no path differed significantly by sex. These results suggest that social support is more important than self-esteem in the association between trait EI and loneliness. Furthermore, both sexes appear to share the same mechanism underlying this association. PMID:25074308

Zou, Jilin

2014-06-01

131

The Self-Esteem of Rural Children  

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Full Text Available The self-esteem of children in small towns was assessed. Comparing these children’s self-rated competencies to extant norms suggests that rural children’s self-perceptions are not distinctly different from suburban and urban children. Rural children’s feelings of self-worth and self-assessments of scholastic competence are comparable to or higher than metropolitan norms. Rural children display the same decrement in self-ratings of physical appearance as they grow older—girls more so than boys—as do urban children. Rural and urban boys rate themselves higher in athletic competence than girls. The impact of rural/urban differences on children may be less marked than suspected.

Yang, R. K.

2007-06-01

132

SELF-ESTEEM OF THE CHILDREN WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The term ‘self-esteem’refer to overall level of self-evaluation or self-regard. It is an evaluative measure of attitudes toward the self in social, academic, family, and personal areas of experience. Within the self-esteem literature, there has been mixed empirical support for the relationship between self-esteem and performance. In this study, researcher has studied whether the children with learning disabilities (LD differ significantly in their self-esteem from the children without learning disabilities (NC. Data was collected from 6th class 725 children of six schools. Out of these 725 children, 98 LD were identified and classified into three groups on the basis of their intelligence scores. Also, 98 NC were matched with the 98 LD on the basis of intelligence score, gender; class and school. The Self-esteem Inventory (SEI – school form – was administered which consists of fifty-eight items yielding scores on General Self (SEGEN; Social Self-Peers (SESOC; Home-Parents (SEH; School-Academic (SESCH and Total score (SET along with lie score. Though there are no gender differences on self-esteem among children with learning disabilities (LD, findings reveal that LD have lower mean scores on all the dimensions of SEI as compared to the children without learning disabilities (NC. Also, the significant mean differentials between NC and LD on SESOC and SET indicate that the LD has significantly lower social-peer self-esteem and significantly lower overall self-esteem as compared to the NC. These findings stress the need to enhance the self-esteem of these children by making them feel good about themselves.

Kuldeep Kaur

2014-09-01

133

A New Measure to Assess Linguistic Self-Esteem in Adolescent Latino Bilinguals  

Science.gov (United States)

Present conceptualizations and measures of self-esteem do not account for linguistic self-esteem, an aspect of the self specifically relevant for bilingual students. This study examines the utility of a newly developed measure of linguistic self-esteem. This novel measure is compared with a commonly used self-esteem measure, two standardized…

Neugebauer, Sabina Rak

2011-01-01

134

Short forms of the Texas Social Behavior Inventory /TSBI/, an objective measure of self-esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Two short (16 item) forms of the Helmreich, Stapp, and Ervin (1974) Texas Social Behavior Inventory, a validated, objective measure of self-esteem or social competence are presented. Normative data and other statistics are described for males and females. Correlations between each short form and long (32-item) scale were .97. Factor analysis and part-whole correlations verified the similarity of the two forms. The utility of the scale in research is described.

Helmreich, R.; Stapp, J.

1974-01-01

135

A social work study on the effects of self-esteem games on elementary female self-esteem  

OpenAIRE

Researchers and clinicians from many disciplines are interested in learning more about the effects of self-esteem. Self-esteem affects motivation, functional behavior, and life satisfaction, and it is associated with well-being throughout life, significantly. What individuals choose to do and the way they do it in part may depend on their self-esteem and it can also fulfill the aims of mental health. This paper presents an investigation to determine the effect of play on children’s self-est...

Samaneh Moein; Mohammad Reza Abedi; Iran Baghban

2013-01-01

136

Pulling Your Self Together: Meditation Promotes Congruence between Implicit and Explicit Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Self-reported or explicit self-esteem frequently conflicts with indirectly assessed, implicit self-esteem. The present research investigated whether meditation may reduce such inner conflicts by promoting congruence between implicit and explicit self-esteem. Relative to control conditions, meditation led to greater congruence between explicit self-esteem, assessed via self-report, and implicit self-esteem, indicated by name letter preference (Studies 1 and 2). Low implicit...

Koole, Sander L.; Govorun, Olesya; Cheng, Clara Michelle; Gallucci, Marcello

2009-01-01

137

The Relationship between Self-esteem, Personality Type and Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Students  

OpenAIRE

This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sampl...

Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri; Mehrnaz Faghih

2012-01-01

138

Celebrity endorsement: The effects of social comparisons on women's self-esteem and purchase intensions:  

OpenAIRE

In this research we investigated the interplay between celebrities holding positive vs. negative media images and women’s self-esteem and purchase intensions. Study 1 documents that “good” celebrities decrease consumers’ self-esteem while a “bad” celebrity increase self-esteem. Study 2 shows that changes in self-esteem transfer to the product if consumers engage in an assimilating comparison process. Study 3 demonstrates that for consumers low in true self-esteem, a bad celebrity ...

Hellen, K.; Saaksjarvi, M. C.

2012-01-01

139

Implicit Self-Esteem in Borderline Personality and Depersonalization Disorder  

OpenAIRE

Self-identity is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and depersonalization disorder (DPD), fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem, free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined implicit self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test, along with measure...

HeatherBerlin; AlexisHedrick

2012-01-01

140

Workaholism, self-esteem, and motives for money.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined correlations of workaholism types among 69 male and 86 female undergraduate business students. Three types were considered (Work Addicts, Work Enthusiasts, and Enthusiastic Addicts) using measures developed in 1992 by Spence and Robbins. Correlates included personal demographics, self-esteem, and motives for money. Work Addicts indicated significantly lower self-esteem than both Work Enthusiasts and Enthusiastic Addicts; the workaholism types mentioned above did not differ on motives for money, however. PMID:15154172

Burke, Ronald J

2004-04-01

141

Bulimia as a disturbance of narcissism: self-esteem and the capacity to self-soothe.  

Science.gov (United States)

A review of the literature on eating disorders reveals that, although psychodynamic formulations linking narcissistic dynamics--particularly difficulties with self-soothing--and eating disorders are common in the theoretical and clinical literature, little empirical work has attempted to substantiate this claim. In this study, 117 women completed the Eating Disorder Inventory and the Bulimia Test Revised and four scales that measure different components of narcissism (the Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory, measuring self-esteem, the Self-Care Questionnaire, and two subscales of the Ego Functioning Assessment Questionnaire, measuring self-soothing). The four scales used to assess narcissism were all highly correlated with each other, indicating that they measure a similar construct. In addition, the eating-disorder measures were correlated with the measures of narcissism, suggesting that a relationship exists between bulimia and narcissism, as assessed using self-report instruments. PMID:9347071

Steinberg, B E; Shaw, R J

1997-01-01

142

Self-esteem in children and adolescents with hearing loss.  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with hearing loss are at risk for lower self-esteem due to differences from hearing peers relative to communication skills, physical appearance, and social maturity. This study examines the influence of generic factors unrelated to hearing loss (e.g., age, gender, temperament) and specific factors associated with hearing loss (e.g., age at identification, communication skills) on how children with hearing loss wearing cochlear implants or hearing aids appraise self-esteem. Fifty children with hearing loss wearing cochlear implants or hearing aids participated (Mean age: 12.88 years; mean duration of device use: 3.43 years). Participants independently completed online questionnaires to assess communication skills, social engagement, self-esteem, and temperament. Children with hearing loss rated global self-esteem significantly more positively than hearing peers, t?=?2.38, p?=?.02. Self-esteem ratings attained significant positive correlations with affiliation (r?=?.42, p?=?.002) and attention (r?=?.45, p?=?.001) temperaments and a significant negative association with depressive mood (r?=?-?.60, p?hearing loss need to understand components contributing to self-esteem to improve identification, counseling, and external referrals for children in this population. PMID:25755025

Warner-Czyz, Andrea D; Loy, Betty A; Evans, Christine; Wetsel, Ashton; Tobey, Emily A

2015-01-01

143

Self-Esteem in Children and Adolescents With Hearing Loss  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with hearing loss are at risk for lower self-esteem due to differences from hearing peers relative to communication skills, physical appearance, and social maturity. This study examines the influence of generic factors unrelated to hearing loss (e.g., age, gender, temperament) and specific factors associated with hearing loss (e.g., age at identification, communication skills) on how children with hearing loss wearing cochlear implants or hearing aids appraise self-esteem. Fifty children with hearing loss wearing cochlear implants or hearing aids participated (Mean age: 12.88 years; mean duration of device use: 3.43 years). Participants independently completed online questionnaires to assess communication skills, social engagement, self-esteem, and temperament. Children with hearing loss rated global self-esteem significantly more positively than hearing peers, t?=?2.38, p?=?.02. Self-esteem ratings attained significant positive correlations with affiliation (r?=?.42, p?=?.002) and attention (r?=?.45, p?=?.001) temperaments and a significant negative association with depressive mood (r?=???.60, p?communication skills, or social engagement. Because successful communication abilities do not always co-occur with excellent quality of life, clinicians and professionals working with children with hearing loss need to understand components contributing to self-esteem to improve identification, counseling, and external referrals for children in this population. PMID:25755025

Loy, Betty A.; Evans, Christine; Wetsel, Ashton; Tobey, Emily A.

2015-01-01

144

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EGO-IDENTITY STATUS AND SELF ESTEEM OF HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTS  

OpenAIRE

The present study seeks to measure the relationship between identity statuses and self esteem of higher secondary students. The normative survey method has been followed for the present study. The samples of the study were 800 adolescents' students studying higher secondary in Cuddalore District of Tamilnadu, India. The sample includes 410 boys and 390 girls. The random sampling technique has been followed for the present study. The ego-identity scale constructed and validated...

Janarthanam, D.; Gnanadevan, R.

2014-01-01

145

Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Health-Related Behaviors among Male and Female First Year College Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships among self-esteem, body image, and health-related behaviors of 267 female and 156 male first-year college students. Data were collected in 23 classrooms. Instruments included a demographic sheet, the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale, the Weight and Appearance Visual Analogue Scales, the Contour Drawing…

Lowery, Sarah E.; Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson; Befort, Christie; Blanks, Elva Hull; Sollenberger, Sonja; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Huser, Laura

2005-01-01

146

Images of the Self and Self-Esteem: Do Positive Self-Images Improve Self-Esteem in Social Anxiety?  

OpenAIRE

Negative self-images play an important role in maintaining social anxiety disorder. We propose that these images represent the working self in a Self-Memory System that regulates retrieval of self-relevant information in particular situations. Self-esteem, one aspect of the working self, comprises explicit (conscious) and implicit (automatic) components. Implicit self-esteem reflects an automatic evaluative bias towards the self that is normally positive, but is reduced in socially anxious in...

Hulme, Natalie; Hirsch, Colette; Stopa, Lusia

2012-01-01

147

Relation between Self-Esteem and Socially Desirable Responding and the Role of Socially Desirable Responding in the Relation between Self-Esteem and Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation examines the relation between self-esteem and socially desirable responding by integrating previous findings via a meta-analysis. In 55 studies containing 73 independent samples (N?=?11,901), the correlation between self-esteem and Impression Management was weak, that between self-esteem and Self-Deceptive Enhancement was from…

Huang, Chiungjung

2013-01-01

148

Myopia, contact lens use and self-esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose To evaluate whether contact lens (CL) use was associated with self-esteem in myopic children originally enrolled in the Correction of Myopia Evaluation Trial (COMET), that after five years continued as an observational study of myopia progression with CL use permitted. Methods Usable data at the six-year visit, one year after CL use was allowed (n = 423/469, age 12-17 years), included questions on CL use, refractive error measurements and self-reported self-esteem in several areas (scholastic/athletic competence, physical appearance, social acceptance, behavioural conduct and global self-worth). Self-esteem, scored from 1 (low) to 4 (high), was measured by the Self-Perception Profile for Children in participants under 14 years or the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents, in those 14 years and older. Multiple regression analyses were used to evaluate associations between self-esteem and relevant factors identified by univariate analyses (e.g., CL use, gender, ethnicity), while adjusting for baseline self-esteem prior to CL use. Results Mean (±SD) self-esteem scores at the six-year visit (mean age=15.3±1.3 years; mean refractive error= ?4.6 ±1.5D) ranged from 2.74 (± 0.76) on athletic competence to 3.33 (± 0.53) on global self-worth. CL wearers (n=224) compared to eyeglass wearers (n=199) were more likely to be female (p<0.0001). Those who chose to wear CLs had higher social acceptance, athletic competence and behavioural conduct scores (p < 0.05) at baseline compared to eyeglass users. CL users continued to report higher social acceptance scores at the six-year visit (p=0.03), after adjusting for baseline scores and other covariates. Ethnicity was also independently associated with social acceptance in the multivariable analyses (p=0.011); African-Americans had higher scores than Asians, Whites and Hispanics. Age and refractive error were not associated with self-esteem or CL use. Conclusions COMET participants who chose to wear CLs after five years of eyeglass use had higher self-esteem compared to those who remained in glasses both preceding and following CL use. This suggests that self-esteem may influence the decision to wear CLs and that CLs in turn are associated with higher self-esteem in individuals most likely to wear them. PMID:23763482

Dias, Lynette; Manny, Ruth E; Weissberg, Erik; Fern, Karen D

2013-01-01

149

Chinese female nursing students’ coping strategies, self-esteem and related factors in different years of school  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Recent research has emphasized the importance of coping. There is virtually nothing known about coping strategies and their relationship with self-esteem, individual and environmental factors among Chinese female nursing students. This study was to identify different coping strategies, the relationship between coping and self-esteem and influencing individual factors among Chinese female students in different years of nursing school. Method: The study used a cross-sectional design. A representative sample composed of 686 female nursing students aged 14 years or older was surveyed in December 2010 using the Simplified Coping Styles Questionnaire, the Self-Esteem Scale and the Personal Data Form for assessment. Results: Nursing students more often used positive rather than negative coping styles (P?0.001. There was significant difference in the positive coping between nursing students in different years of school (P=0.018. The positive coping style was significantly correlated to a higher level of self-esteem, good interpersonal relationships, enough free time for  study alone, a sense of self-fulfillment and satisfaction, adaptation to new study methods, close friendships, help-seeking behavior of an individual, and physical health in the past year (P?0.05. The negative coping style was significantly associated with problems in romantic relationship, relationship with parents, worry about examinations and job assignment after graduation, feeling misunderstood, and frequent surfing on the internet (P?0.05. Conclusion: There were different coping strategies and the important relationship between self-esteem, individual and environmental factors and coping strategies among Chinese female nursing students in different years of school. The teaching strategies that promote the self-esteem and pay more attention to students’ individual and environmental factors will be useful for helping nursing students develop effective coping styles.

Chunping Ni

2012-07-01

150

Social desirability: the role of over-claiming, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Socially desirable responding (SDR has been widely studied with regards to personality assessment due to fears it may attenuate the predictive validity of decisions made using such assessments (e.g., in personnel selection. A number of scales have been employed to assess individual differences in response distortion. We expand the nomological net for a popular measure of social desirability – the Marlowe-Crowne scale – by correlating individual differences in SDR to measures of over-claiming, self-esteem, and emotional intelligence. Survey results (n = 198 yielded a significant positive correlation between SDR and both self-esteem and emotional intelligence. Over-claiming was found to be negatively related to self-deceptive enhancement, a form of SDR, but not to SDR overall. Regression analyses revealed emotional intelligence explains significant variance in SDR, over and above that which is explained by self-esteem and over-claiming alone (?R2 = .16, p < .01. Implications for personality assessment are discussed.

JESSICA MESMER-MAGNUS

2006-09-01

151

Auto-estima na forma inativa da oftalmopatia de Graves / Inactive Graves' ophthalmopathy and self-esteem  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 30 pacientes portadores de oftalmopatia de Graves, eutireoideanos, na fase inativa, com idade variando entre 26 e 65 anos, média 43 ± 11,0 anos, denominado grupo estudo e 39 indivíduos [...] que não apresentavam oftalmopatia de Graves, com idade variando entre 18 e 67 anos, média de 41 ± 13,4 anos, selecionados na população geral denominado grupo controle. Para avaliar a auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de auto-estima Rosenberg Unifesp-EPM aplicada por meio de entrevista. Os valores dos escores de auto-estima nos dois grupos estudados foram comparados pelo teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. O mesmo teste foi aplicado com objetivo de comparar os resultados obtidos no grupo oftalmopatia de Graves considerando a gravidade da doença. RESULTADOS: Não foi observada alteração com significância estatística na auto-estima dos pacientes com oftalmopatia de Graves (p=0,057). O grupo estudo apresentou, em média, valores inferiores de auto-estima, comparado ao grupo controle. Não houve diferença da auto-estima entre os pacientes dos subgrupos leve e moderado-grave (P=0,2710). CONCLUSÃO: A oftalmopatia de Graves na fase inativa não afetou a auto-estima dos pacientes, no grupo estudado. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To assess the self-esteem of Graves' ophthalmopathy patients in the inactive phase. METHODS: Thirty euthyroid patients were evaluated in the inactive phase of disease with age ranging from 26 to 65 years, average of 43 ± 11,0 years, called study group and 39 individuals without Graves' opht [...] halmopathy with age ranging from 18 to 67 years, average of 41 ± 13,4 years, selected from the general population called control group. To evaluate the self-esteem the Rosenberg UNIFESP/EPM self-esteem scale, applied by means of an interview, was utilized. The self-esteem scores in the two studied groups were compared by means of the non-parametric Mann-Whitey test. The same test was applied to compare the obtained scores in the Graves' ophthalmopathy group considering disease severity. RESULTS: No alteration with statistical significance in Graves' ophthalmopathy patients' self-esteem was observed (P=0.057). The study group presented, on average, lower self-esteem values when compared with the control group. There was no difference of self-esteem mild and moderate-severe patients (P=0.2710). CONCLUSION: Graves' ophthalmopathy in the inactive phase did not affect the patients' self-esteem in the group studied.

Carlos Henrique de Toledo, Magalhães; Max Domingues, Pereira; Paulo Góis, Manso; Daniela Francescato, Veiga; Neil Ferreira, Novo; Lydia Masako, Ferreira.

2008-04-01

152

The Relationships of Racial Identity and Gender Role Conflict to Self-Esteem of Asian American Undergraduate Men  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted using a sample of Asian American male college students (N = 173) from one east coast public, research institution and one west coast public, research institution to explore the relationships of racial identity and gender role conflict with self-esteem. The study employed the People of Color Racial Identity Attitudes Scale,…

Shek, Yen Ling; McEwen, Marylu K.

2012-01-01

153

Relationships between Career Counseling Attitudes and Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy among Emirati University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between attitudes toward career counseling, self-esteem, and self-efficacy. Nine hundred and fifty six undergraduate students from United Arab Emirates (UAE) University participated in this investigation. Attitudes Toward Career Counseling Scale (ATCCS; Rochlen, Mohr, & Hargrove, 1999) was adapted to Arabic…

Al-Darmaki, Fatima R.

2012-01-01

154

Title: Preterm Infants and Parents’ self-esteem  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Title: Preterm Infants and Parents’ self-esteem Background: Little is known about parents to preterm infants and their self-esteem. The care of preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is in accordance with the principles of Family Centered Care. Previously, focus has mainly been on the mother-infant-dyad. Current research has shown that involving the father at an early stage improves the psychological dynamic of fatherhood and encourages bonding with the infant. The self-esteem of parents appears to be negatively affected after preterm birth. Objective: To get more knowledge and a deeper understanding of the preterm parents’ experiences of their self-esteem during admission to the NICU and later eight months after discharge. Method and data collection: A qualitative semi-structured interview was conducted in two phases: 1) Three weeks after giving birth to a preterm infant and eight months after discharge. Parents were consecutively enrolled into the study. Results: The preliminary findings were created in a theoretical framework of self-esteem understood in a physiological perspective. The interviews showed that individual, relational and structured aspects influenced the parents’ experiences of their self-esteem after birth of their preterm infant. The fathers described feeling torn between taking care of the mother and the infant admitted to the NICU. The mothers experienced difficulties in remembering what happened the first 24 hours after giving birth. The relational aspects affected the relationship between mothers and fathers, the experiences of the relationship to infant and the parents’ experiences of their own self-esteem. Likewise, the support from nurses and from the parents’ own network positively impacted on the parents’ experiences of their parental self-esteem. The structural aspects referred to how the parents experienced the high-technology environment of the NICU. Besides, the parents described that the infant’s needs, medical status and development impacted on their experiences of how they were valued as parents in the NICU-context. Conclusion: The preliminary findings of this study indicate that the parents’ experiences of their self-esteem in the first 24 hours after the birth of a preterm infant are influenced by division (the fathers) and amnesia (the mothers). Later, when the parents build up their sense of parenthood they become very susceptible to the mutual relationship, the relationship to the infant and closest support network. The barriers restricting the parents’ access and contact to the infant were experienced as frustrating.

Aagaard, Hanne; Madsen, Mette Kold

155

Abdominoplasty and its effect on body image, self-esteem, and mental health.  

Science.gov (United States)

The impact of abdominoplasty on the quality of life of abdominoplasty patients was assessed 1- and 6-months postoperatively. Forty women aged 25 to 60 years were divided into study group (25 patients who underwent abdominoplasty) and waiting-list control group (15 patients). Three questionnaires (Body Shape Questionnaire [BSQ], Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale [RSE/UNIFESP], and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire [SF-36]) were administered to the study group (preoperatively, 1- and 6-months postoperatively) and control group (on 2 occasions 6 months apart). A significant positive impact on body image, self-esteem, and mental health was found 1- and 6-months postoperatively. Significant differences were observed in role physical, role emotional, and vitality 1-month postoperatively. In the control group, significant differences were found for vitality. There was a significant improvement in Comparative perception of body image (6-month assessment) in the study group compared with controls. Abdominoplasty improved body image, self-esteem, and mental health. PMID:20467297

de Brito, Maria José Azevedo; Nahas, Fábio Xerfan; Barbosa, Marcus Vinicius Jardini; Dini, Gal Moreira; Kimura, Alexandro Kenji; Farah, Andréia Bufoni; Ferreira, Lydia Masako

2010-07-01

156

Relationships between self-esteem, media influence and drive for thinness.  

Science.gov (United States)

The media is a powerful societal tool for expressing expectations about how men and women should look. As a result, over the past several years, women have shown an increase in body dissatisfaction (Cash, Morrow, Hrabosky, & Perry, 2004). The present study examined the relationships between drive for thinness, self-esteem, and media influence among men and women. Two hundred ninety-four college students completed the Texas Social Behavior Inventory (Helmreich & Stapp, 1974), Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Scale-3 (Thompson, van den Berg, Roehrig, Guarda, & Hienberg, 2004), self-constructed questionnaire influence of media models, and the drive for Thinness Subscale (DT) from the Eating Disorder Inventory-3 (EDI-3; (Garner, 2004)). We expected to find an association between drive for thinness and media influence and between drive for thinness and self-esteem for both men and women. Finally, we expected that the use of media, social pressures and media internalization would be predictors of drive for thinness. We found a relationship between media influence and drive for thinness. There was also a relationship between self-esteem and drive for thinness. For both men and women, media models were the primary predictor for drive for thinness. However, for women the secondary predictor was social pressures; whereas for men the secondary predictor was internalization. Such findings show the importance of examining the impact of media sources on men and women in order to entangle gender differences. PMID:23121782

Fernandez, Sofia; Pritchard, Mary

2012-12-01

157

The relationship between employees’ self-esteem and pertinacity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between employees’ of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 self-esteem and pertinacity. For this reason, employee’s self-esteem was arranged in two dimensions, which are consistency solidity, emotional inconsistency and pertinacity. The questionnaire is based on Kobasa theory including three sides including commitment, control and defiance. There are two basic and three subsidiary theories. Employee of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10 is statistical society of this research, which includes 80 people. Reference to restricted volume of statistical society, total statistical society is concerned as under evaluation society. The tool of data gathering is two questionnaires, which are Aizenc’s self-esteem questionnaire and Kobasa’s pertinacity standard questionnaire, which are delivered for evaluating society after perpetuity and justifiability determination. The descriptive statistical methods are used for collected questionnaires analyze. Thus, the descriptive statistical method was used to summarize, to categorize and to interpret statistical data’s. In addition, statistical tests such as Pearson and Freidman’s coherency R are used to test the hypothesis of research. The results indicate that there is a meaningful relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity and its sides on employees of East Azarbaijan Melli bank (zone 10. They present maximum relationship between self-esteem and pertinacity control and minimum relationship between pertinacity commitment dimensions.

Jafar Beikzad

2012-01-01

158

Self Esteem Communication Skills and Cooping with Stress of Young Workers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AIM: Working younger when they are investigated in terms of family structure, socio-economic condition and work condition, working environment, friend?s relation and for various reasons and in terms of expectations, due to risks they carry, they constituted an important group for preventive mental health studies. This study is conducted to determine working youngsters self esteem, communication skills, coping skills. METHODS: The samples of this descriptive study consist of 79 headworkers and foreman students between the ages of 15?24, in the education year of 2004-2005 in Zonguldak Occupation Education Center. The data was collected by the following means: ?Estimating Communication Skills Scale?, ?Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale?, ?Coping with Stress Scale?, and ?Personal Information Form?, prepared by the researchers. RESULTS: Average of the age group of the study is between 20.87+2.07 and 70.5?% are male. 81.0? % of the youngsters reported that they work in order to acquire a job. Communication skills mean score was 72.15+12.66, self esteem mean score was 2.33+1.97 in the study group. Scores obtained for subgroups of stress coping scale are as follows self confident 2.22+0.59, self unconfident 1.57+0.59, submissive attitudes 1.27+0.63, optimistic attitudes 2.15+0.58 and seeking of social support 1.81+0.63 were determined. Between age and communication skills: between taking role decision making and self esteem, between taking role unconfident and submissive attitudes in coping stress: between working period and self esteem and between confident attitudes in coping stress: between using money and coping with stress with confident attitudes meaningful relationships were determined (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: According to the conclusion of the study in order to reduce negative effects of the working conditions on the youngsters? development of the basic communication skills and development of the stress coping mechanisms would have positive effect on the youngsters. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(1.000: 17-26

Gulcem Sala Razi

2009-02-01

159

Relation between childhood abuse and self esteem in adolescence  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to examine the connection between childhood abuse and self esteem in adults and reveal the potential of childhood abuse determining self esteem. Sampling of this study comprised 915 secondary school students from Konya city’s central district who were randomly selected. 583 of the sample students (%58.3) were females while 382 were males (%41.7). As a result of this study, it has been determined that there is a significant negative correlation between childhood abu...

Özlem Karaku?

2012-01-01

160

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young-Adult Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The three main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood; (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult self-esteem; and (3) help rule out the alternative interpretation that the relationship between major depression and self-esteem is due to state depe...

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

161

Self-Esteem and Alcohol Consumption: A Study of College Drinking Behavior in a Naturalistic Setting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research assessed 44 students' levels of self-esteem and then measured their actual levels of intoxication with a breathalyzer as they were leaving a fraternity party. Participants with lower levels of self-esteem exited the party with a mean Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .126, while those with higher levels of self-esteem exited with a…

Glindemann, Kent E.; Geller, E. Scott; Fortney, Jason N.

1999-01-01

162

Exploring Self-Esteem in a Girls' Sports Program: Competencies and Connections Create Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem has been problematic for researchers because it is complex, stable, and hard to measure. When assessing the self-esteem of out-of-school time (OST) program participants, some researchers may think their instruments will not detect changes, either because the program does not last long enough to make a difference or because self-esteem

Markowitz, Ellen

2012-01-01

163

Evaluating the Link between Self-Esteem and Temperament in Mexican Origin Early Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined the relation between self-esteem and temperament in a sample of 646 Mexican-American early adolescents (mean age = 10.4). Findings show that (a) early adolescents with high self-esteem exhibit higher levels of Effortful Control but, contrary to findings in adult samples, do not differ from low self-esteem adolescents in…

Robins, Richard W.; Donnellan, M. Brent; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D.

2010-01-01

164

What's Mine Is Yours: The Crossover of Day-Specific Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

This diary study examines the daily crossover of self-esteem within working couples. By integrating self-esteem research into the crossover framework, we hypothesized that the day-specific self-esteem experienced by one partner after work crosses over to the other partner. Furthermore, we proposed that this daily crossover process is moderated by…

Neff, Angela; Sonnentag, Sabine; Niessen, Cornelia; Unger, Dana

2012-01-01

165

The Relationship between Unstable Self-Esteem and Aggression: Differences in Reactive and Proactive Aggression  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines whether the instability of self-esteem (i.e., a high intraindividual variability in self-esteem) is differentially associated with different types of aggressive behavior by using a sample of 235 preadolescent children. Self-esteem was measured four times for four consecutive days, and proactive and reactive aggressive behaviors…

Lee, Eunju J.

2014-01-01

166

Life-Span Trajectory of Self-Esteem Development: A Myth or Reality  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem has been regarded as one of the most pivotal component in almost every day human daily activities. Trajectory of self esteem development means that on the average, one's self-esteem is relatively high in childhood, then drops during adolescence, later to arise gradually throughout adulthood, and then declines sharply in old age. The…

Badayai, Abdul Rahman bin Ahmad; Ismail, Khaidzir bin Haji

2012-01-01

167

Does Low Self-Esteem Predict Depression and Anxiety? A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

Low self-esteem and depression are strongly related, but there is not yet consistent evidence on the nature of the relation. Whereas the vulnerability model states that low self-esteem contributes to depression, the scar model states that depression erodes self-esteem. Furthermore, it is unknown whether the models are specific for depression or…

Sowislo, Julia Friederike; Orth, Ulrich

2013-01-01

168

Global Self-Esteem, Appearance Satisfaction, and Self-Reported Dieting in Early Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

Global self-esteem, appearance satisfaction, and self-reported dieting are interrelated. This study examines the temporal ordering of global self-esteem and appearance satisfaction across the early adolescence transition, from age 10 to age 14, as well as the independent associations of self-esteem and appearance satisfaction on self-reported…

Barker, Erin T.; Bornstein, Marc H.

2010-01-01

169

Spirituality among College Freshmen: Relationships To Self-Esteem, Body Image, and Stress  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors investigated the relationships between spirituality, body image, self-esteem, and stress in 204 college freshmen who identified themselves as being highly spiritual. A positive relationship was found between spirituality and self-esteem. Although self-esteem was found to be negatively related to stress, spirituality served as a buffer…

Hayman, Jessie Wetherbe; Kurpius, Sharon Robinson; Befort, Christy; Nicpon, Megan Foley; Hull-Blanks, Elva; Sollenberger, Sonja; Huser, Laura

2007-01-01

170

The Effect of Attributional Style Change on Self-Esteem and Depression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Low self-esteem and depressed individuals tend to have an attributional style of externalizing success and internalizing failure. To evaluate a program developed to help reverse this pattern of responses to be more similar to high self-esteem and nondepressed individuals, subjects were first tested for self-esteem, depression, and attributional…

Layden, Mary Anne

171

Perceived Parent-Child Relations and Adolescent Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

We used data drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to assess the independent and interactive correlations of maternal and paternal parenting with adolescent self-esteem. Specifically, ordinary least squares regression was used to provide estimates for a large, culturally diverse sample of married, biological…

Bulanda, Ronald E.; Majumdar, Debarun

2009-01-01

172

Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

2009-01-01

173

Implicit self-esteem in borderline personality and depersonalization disorder  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-identity is disrupted in people with borderline personality disorder (BPD and depersonalization disorder (DPD, fluctuating with sudden shifts in affect in BPD and experienced as detached in DPD. Measures of implicit self-esteem, free from conscious control and presentation biases, may highlight how such disruptions of self-concept differentially affect these two populations on an unconscious level. We examined implicit self-esteem using the Implicit Association Test, along with measures of emotion, behavior, and temperament, in BPD (n=18, DPD (n=18, and healthy control (n=35 participants. DPD participants had significantly higher implicit self-esteem and were more harm avoidant than BPD and control participants, while BPD participants had more ‘frontal’ behaviors and impulsivity and less self-directedness and cooperativeness than DPD and control participants. Thus, while BPD and DPD commonly overlap in terms of dissociative symptoms and emotional irregularities, differences in self-esteem, behavior, and temperament can help identify where they diverge in terms of their cognition, behavior, and ultimately underlying neurobiology.

HeatherBerlin

2012-04-01

174

Extracurricular Activity Involvement and Adolescent Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Structured extracurricular activity participation has been linked to self-esteem and other indicators of positive youth development. This article describes the theoretical basis for this relationship, centering on extracurricular activities as a location for identity development. A summary of the empirical evidence points to the importance of…

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

175

Communication and Self-Esteem in Adults with Down Syndrome  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: It is estimated that around 50-90% of people with learning disabilities experience difficulties in communicating. Previous research has linked communication difficulties and self-esteem in other populations, yet this relationship has not previously been investigated for people with Down syndrome. Aims: To explore the relationship…

Jackson, Claire; Cavenagh, Penny; Clibbens, John

2014-01-01

176

Relation between Depression, Loneliness, Self-Esteem and Internet Addiction  

Science.gov (United States)

Problem: Internet addiction has been emerged as a result of excessive internet misuse. In this study, analyzing the effects of depression, loneliness and self-esteem has been aimed in the prediction of the internet addiction levels of secondary education students. Method: The research is conducted according to the cross-sectional model as one of…

Ayas, Tuncay; Horzum, Mehmet Baris

2013-01-01

177

Developing Self-Esteem in the Early Years  

Science.gov (United States)

Jeree Pawl, PhD, former clinical professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of California at San Francisco and past director of the Infant-Parent Program located at San Francisco General Hospital responds to questions about how parents and caregivers can support the development of self-esteem in very young children. Contrary to the idea that…

Pawl, Jeree

2012-01-01

178

Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement of High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of self-esteem on academic achievement among high school students in Miandoab City of Iran. The methodology of the research is descriptive and correlation that descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Statistical Society includes male and female high…

Moradi Sheykhjan, Tohid; Jabari, Kamran; Rajeswari, K.

2014-01-01

179

GNVQ science at advanced level: motivation and self-esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

An interview study carried out in the pilot year of the new GNVQ in science at A-level has shown that the use of grading criteria, which require independent learning, as a method of assessment is better for students' motivation and self-esteem.

Solomon, J.

1995-07-01

180

The Eating Disorders Continuum, Self-Esteem, and Perfectionism  

Science.gov (United States)

Among 261 undergraduate women, increased severity of eating disorders along a continuum was associated with decreased self-esteem, increased perfectionism, and increased scores on 7 subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory-2. Women with eating disorders differed from both symptomatic women and asymptomatic women on all variables, whereas…

Peck, Lisa D.; Lightsey, Owen Richard

2008-01-01

181

Facial Attractiveness and Self-Esteem in Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

Facial attractiveness has been associated with many (social) advantages in life, like greater popularity, acceptance, and social competence. Because social evaluations and acceptance are important factors contributing to self-esteem (SE), we hypothesized that high levels of attractiveness would be related to increased levels of SE. To test this…

Mares, Suzanne H. W.; de Leeuw, Rebecca N. H.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.

2010-01-01

182

Help Yourself! Activities To Promote Safety and Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

First in a series of books designed to accompany the compact disk "Help Yourself," this book provides suggestions for classroom activities using the CD songs as a springboard into a curriculum for promoting self-esteem and safety skills among preschool children. Each section begins with sheet music and complete lyrics for each of the 12 songs,…

Ross, Kate

183

Self-Esteem, Locus of Control, and Adolescent Contraception.  

Science.gov (United States)

Of the 486 single women aged 13-20 who were tested, the subjects with high self-esteem had positive attitudes toward using birth control pills, were less embarrassed about obtaining contraception, and were more effective and consistent contraceptive users. (RL)

Herold, Edward S.; And Others

1979-01-01

184

Can a Reminiscing Intervention Alter Depression and Self-Esteem?  

Science.gov (United States)

Assessed the value of reminiscing as a therapeutic intervention for older persons. Community residents, mean age 77, were randomly assigned to structured reminiscing, control that focused on current life events, or no-treatment control groups. Analysis revealed no significant differences for depression or self-esteem. (Author/JAC)

Perrotta, Peter; Meacham, John A.

1981-01-01

185

The Dynamics of Self-Esteem in Cognitive Therapy for Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders: An Adaptive Role of Self-Esteem Variability?  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem variability is often associated with poor functioning. However, in disorders with entrenched negative views of self and in a context designed to challenge those views, variable self-esteem might represent a marker of change. We examined self-esteem variability in a sample of 27 patients with Avoidant and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorders who received Cognitive Therapy (CT). A therapy coding system was used to rate patients’ positive and negative views of self expressed ...

Cummings, Jorden A.; Hayes, Adele M.; Cardaciotto, Leeann; Newman, Cory F.

2011-01-01

186

An Assessment of Positive Organizational Behavior in Service Sector of Pakistan: Role of Organization Based Self-Esteem and Global Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

This study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of positive organizational behavior in the organizations in the service sector of Pakistan. We tested effects of organization based self-esteem, role stressors (role conflict, role overload and role ambiguity), leader-member exchange and perceived organizational support on positive organizational behavior as well as mediation of organization-based-self-esteem in this regard. Moreover, moderation of global self-esteem was also estimated in rel...

Wafa Khurram; Kamariah Bte Ismail; Syed Khurram Ali Jafri; Khairiah Soehod

2013-01-01

187

Is Self-Esteem Only Skin-Deep? The Inextricable Link between Physical Appearance and Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses the gender differences in perceived physical appearance that contribute to problems such as depression and eating disorders. Ways are explored to help children and adolescents reject media messages and base their self-esteem on genuine qualities. (Author/MKA)

Harter, Susan

2000-01-01

188

En Route to Depression: Self-Esteem Discrepancies and Habitual Rumination.  

Science.gov (United States)

Dual-process models of cognitive vulnerability to depression suggest that some individuals possess discrepant implicit and explicit self-views, such as high explicit and low implicit self-esteem (fragile self-esteem) or low explicit and high implicit self-esteem (damaged self-esteem). This study investigated whether individuals with discrepant self-esteem may employ depressive rumination in an effort to reduce discrepancy-related dissonance, and whether the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and future depressive symptoms varies as a function of rumination tendencies. Hierarchical regressions examined whether self-esteem discrepancy was associated with rumination in an Australian undergraduate sample at Time 1 (N?=?306; Mage ?=?29.9), and whether rumination tendencies moderated the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and depressive symptoms assessed 3 months later (n?=?160). Damaged self-esteem was associated with rumination at Time 1. As hypothesized, rumination moderated the relationship between self-esteem discrepancy and depressive symptoms at Time 2, where fragile self-esteem and high rumination tendencies at Time 1 predicted the highest levels of subsequent dysphoria. Results are consistent with dual-process propositions that (a) explicit self-regulation strategies may be triggered when explicit and implicit self-beliefs are incongruent, and (b) rumination may increase the likelihood of depression by expending cognitive resources and/or amplifying negative implicit biases. PMID:25308729

Phillips, Wendy J; Hine, Donald W

2014-10-13

189

Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Self Esteem of Women in Pakistan  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this research was to investigate the impact of intimate partner on the self esteem of women .Since this was a very sensitive area henceforth the triangulation method was used for in-depth study A purposeful sampling was applied after the screening of the participants with the help of HITS (Kevin) The sample included 118 abused women and 98 of them were not abused. The instruments were translated into the native language to commune well with the participants. Both the scales i.e. HI...

Qudsia Tariq

2013-01-01

190

Autoestima em pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia / Self-esteem in patients undergoing blepharoplasty  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Os olhos constituem estruturas anatômicas importantes no conjunto estético da face. O olhar transmite aspectos da personalidade e sentimentos de um indivíduo. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes. MÉTODO: No período de maio de 2006 a [...] abril de 2007, 49 pacientes do sexo feminino, com idades entre 30 anos e 40 anos, foram submetidas a blefaroplastia. Nas pálpebras superiores, foram realizadas excisão do excedente cutâneo e ressecção do excesso do corpo adiposo da órbita ("bolsas adiposas"), em todas as pacientes. Em 24 pacientes o fechamento foi feito com Dermabond® (2-octil-cianoacrilato) e em 25 foi realizada sutura intradérmica com mononáilon 6-0. Nas pálpebras inferiores, foi realizada blefaroplastia inferior transconjuntival sem ressecção de excedente cutâneo em 25 pacientes, e blefaroplastia inferior transcutânea com retalho miocutâneo em 24. Em todas as pálpebras inferiores foi ressecado o excedente gorduroso do corpo adiposo da órbita. Para avaliar o impacto da blefaroplastia na autoestima das pacientes, foi utilizado o questionário The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, aplicado na fase pré-operatória, um mês e três meses após a cirurgia. A análise estatística foi feita pela análise de variâncias com medidas repetidas (ANOVA), complementada pelo método de Bonferroni. Foi empregado o coeficiente de correlação linear de Pearson. A média de idade foi de 34 anos. RESULTADOS: O escore médio da escala de autoestima passou de 7, no pré-operatório, para 4,72 no primeiro mês e 4,63 no terceiro mês de pós-operatório. CONCLUSÕES: Foi observada melhora da autoestima nas pacientes submetidas a blefaroplastia, melhora estatisticamente significante apenas nos grupos submetidos a blefaroplastia superior com fechamento com Dermabond e inferior com retalho miocutâneo. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The eyes are important anatomical structures in the aesthetic whole of the face. A person's gaze communicates aspects of their personality and feelings. This study evaluated the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem. METHODS: From May 2006 to April 2007, 49 female patient [...] s aged 30 to 40 years (mean, 34 years) were subjected to blepharoplasty. In the upper eyelids, we excised excess skin and resected excess adipose tissue around the orbit ("fat pockets") in all patients. In 24 and 25 patients, closure with Dermabond® (2-octyl cyanoacrylate) and intradermic suturing with mononylon 6-0, respectively, was performed. In the lower eyelids, we performed lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty without resecting excess skin in 25 patients and lower transconjunctival blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap in 24 patients. In all the lower eyelids, we resected the excess fat of the adipose body of the orbit. To evaluate the effect of blepharoplasty on the patients' self-esteem, we applied the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale before and at 30 and 90 days after the operation. Statistical analyses were performed by applying analysis of variance (ANOVA), Bonferroni correction, and Pearson's linear correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The mean score in the self-esteem scale changed from 7.0 before the operation to 4.72 and 4.63 after 30 and 90 days of the operation, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We observed an improvement in self-esteem after blepharoplasty, but this improvement was only statistically significant in the group subjected to upper blepharoplasty with Dermabond® closure and lower blepharoplasty with myocutaneous flap.

Carlos Koji, Ishizuka.

2012-03-01

191

Influence of negative affectivity and self-esteem on the oral health related quality of life in patients receiving oral rehabilitation  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate if and how the personality traits Negative Affectivity (NA) and self-esteem influenced the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in patients receiving oral rehabilitation. Methods: OHRQoL was measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), NA with a short form of the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), and self-esteem with Rosenbergs Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in 66 patients treated with removable dental prosthesis (RDP). The minimally important difference (MID), effect size (ES), and standard error of the measurement (SEM) were used to clinically interpret the patient-reported effect. Results: The OHIP-49 score was significantly higher and exceeded the MID pre- and post-treatment in participants with high EPI-Q and low RSES score compared to participants with low EPI-Q and high RSES score. The improvement in OHIP-49 score was significant and not limited by high EPI-Q and low RSES score. High EPI-Q score was associated high improvement in OHIP-49 score and the ES of the improvement in participants with high EPI-Q was large and exceeded the MID and SEM. Conclusion: Treatment with RDP improves the OHRQoL regardless of level of NA and self-esteem. High NA is associated with a large effect, but both high NA and low self-esteem is associated with poorer OHRQoL both before and after treatment.

Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

2013-01-01

192

Materialism, Self-Esteem, Life Satisfaction and Media Usage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Does money make us happy and content? And do we, as humans, feel better, when we acquire material possessions? Questions that have been discussed long since have recently experienced a renewed interest. Psychologists and economists found new aspects in the wake of studies about life satisfaction on the one side and the cultivating influence of the mass media – especially television – on the other side. The aim of the present study was to examine to what extent media consumption affects materialistic orientations, and materialistic orientations in turn affect the life satisfaction and self-esteem of a sample of 123 participants. The results confirm – in parts – prior findings on the association between television consumption and materialism. Further analyses show a more refined picture of the relationship between consumption of television, materialism, and self-esteem or life satisfaction, respectively. The results are discussed in the light of prior findings.

Bak, P. M.

2011-11-01

193

Low and decreasing self-esteem during adolescence predict adult depression two decades later.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies revealed that low self-esteem is prospectively associated with depression. However, self-esteem has been shown to change over time. We thus hypothesized that not only level but also change in self-esteem affect depression. Using data from a 23-year longitudinal study (N = 1,527), we therefore examined the prospective effects of global and domain-specific self-esteem (physical attractiveness, academic competence) level and change on depressive symptoms 2 decades later. Self-esteem was assessed annually from age 12 to 16, and depression was assessed at age 16 and 35. Results from latent growth curve analyses demonstrated that both level and change in self-esteem served as predictors for adult depression. Individuals who entered adolescence with low self-esteem, and/or whose self-esteem declined further during the adolescent years, were more likely to exhibit symptoms of depression 2 decades later as adults; this pattern held both for global and domain-specific self-esteem. These findings highlight the importance of adolescent self-esteem development for mental health outcomes in adulthood. PMID:24467425

Steiger, Andrea E; Allemand, Mathias; Robins, Richard W; Fend, Helmut A

2014-02-01

194

Neural Manifestations of Implicit Self-Esteem: An ERP Study  

OpenAIRE

Behavioral research has established that humans implicitly tend to hold a positive view toward themselves. In this study, we employed the event-related potential (ERP) technique to explore neural manifestations of positive implicit self-esteem using the Go/Nogo association task (GNAT). Participants generated a response (Go) or withheld a response (Nogo) to self or others words and good or bad attributes. Behavioral data showed that participants responded faster to the self paired with good th...

Wu, Lili; Cai, Huajian; Gu, Ruolei; Luo, Yu L. L.; Zhang, Jianxin; Yang, Jing; Shi, Yuanyuan; Ding, Lei

2014-01-01

195

Professional Self-Esteem of Secondary School Teachers  

OpenAIRE

Professional self-esteem is a very important concept that should be highlighted to the professionals because it makes them understand their worthiness, evaluate their expertise and adjust themselves accordingly with their ambience. As far as the teachers are concerned, it becomes more imperative for them to persistently evaluate their competencies in order to perform their model role in their best. This continuous perusal of their professional abilities is the essence of professional self-est...

Fouzia Tabassum; Muhammad Asghar Ali

2012-01-01

196

Relationship between body mass index and women's body image, self-esteem and eating behaviours in pregnancy: A cross-cultural study.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationship between self-esteem, restrained eating, body image and body mass index during pregnancy. A total of 110 pregnant Israeli and UK women completed the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Questionnaire, the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire, scales to assess body image and demographics. Body mass index was calculated from antenatal records. Regression modelling determined the relationship between variables, countries and body mass index categories. High correlations were found between body image and body mass index with significantly higher body dissatisfaction for Israeli women. Self-esteem scores for pregnant women were similar to those reported for non-pregnant women. Poorer body image and higher prevalence of restrained eating were found in healthy weight Israeli women. PMID:24140617

Shloim, Netalie; Hetherington, Marion M; Rudolf, Mary; Feltbower, Richard G

2015-04-01

197

Structural Analysis of Relationship of Internet Addiction with Depression, Social Adjustment and Self-Esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Internet has become more widespread, removed borders, and provided the people all over the world with great opportunities. Notwithstanding this, the consequences especially in social and cultural context must not be neglected. One of the harmful aspects of internet is internet addiction disorder. The present study aimed to survey and analyzes internet addiction relationship with depression, social adjustment, and self esteem.Materials & Methods: Our research method is descriptive-correlational. By random sampling and offline method, we have selected a sample consisting of 120 persons from Dubai coffee net users with different native languages, 74males and 46 females, aged at least 18 years old and proficient in the English language. Research tools were young internet addiction test (IAT with reliability ?=0.88, Beck depression inventory with reliability ?=0.84, Sinha social adjustment with reliability ?=0.92 and Eysenck self esteem inventory with reliability ?= 0.87. The data was analyzed with path analysis method.Results: The results from analysis showed that the data has goodness of fit with the presented model (?2=3.17; df=3; P=0.36; GFI= 0.99; AGFI= 0.96; CFI= 1.00; NFI= 0.97; RMSEA=0.02. Scales means in internet addiction was 47.69±17.75; depression 21.29 ± 11.12; social adjustment 19.75±7.91 and self esteem was 15.16±4.16. Path coefficient showed that depression (?= 0.57; t=7.61, social adjustment (?= -0.55; t=13.1 and self esteem (?= -0.32; t=14.8 have significantly predicted internet addiction Conclusion: Internet is an important means in the today’s world, but we have to be fully aware of its dangers .In order to avoid the risks of internet use, vast national and international culture-building activities should be done. The results of our research proved the above-mentioned hypothesis.(Sci J Hamadan Univ Med Sci 2012;19(3:41-48

S. Ghanbari

2012-10-01

198

Source of sex education in relation to self-esteem and attitudes towards AIDS precautions among college students.  

Science.gov (United States)

84 college students responded to Coopersmith's self-esteem scale, Moore and Barling's AIDS Questionnaire, and a background survey querying them as to their sex, race, religion, frequency of church attendance, marital status, college classification, and sources of their sex education. The results indicated that self-esteem scores correlated positively with having received sex education from the parents and negatively with not having received sex education from any of the listed sources. More frequent church attenders were more likely to have received sex education from their parents and to score higher in foreclosure status with regard to attitudes towards AIDS. Persons who scored higher on moratorium status for attitudes towards AIDS were less likely to have received sex education in high school, were more likely not to have received sex education from formal sources, and reported being less likely to use condoms. PMID:8488240

Bates, L W; Joubert, C E

1993-04-01

199

Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self: role of self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2 studies, the authors used dyadic interactions to assess the influence of ego threat on likability as a function of self-esteem. In both studies, 2 naive participants engaged in a structured conversation; in half of the dyads, 1 participant received an ego threat prior to the interaction. In the 1st study, threatened high self-esteem participants were rated as less likable than were threatened low self-esteem participants. The 2nd study confirmed that ego threats are associated with decreased liking for those with high self-esteem and with increased liking for those with low self-esteem. A mediational analysis demonstrated that decreased liking among high self-esteem participants was due to being perceived as antagonistic. Study 2 also indicated that the findings could not be explained by trait levels of narcissism. These patterns are interpreted in terms of differential sensitivity to potential interpersonal rejection. PMID:10794376

Heatherton, T F; Vohs, K D

2000-04-01

200

Emotional intelligence as a basis for self-esteem in young adults.  

Science.gov (United States)

ABSTRACT As self-esteem is likely to build on favorable social experiences, such as those derived from achievement (i.e., GPA) and social competence, emotional intelligence is likely to be pivotal in fostering social experiences conducive to self-esteem. Accordingly, emotional intelligence is likely to underlie social competence and mediate the contribution of achievement to self-esteem. This uncharted role is the focus of this study, which surveyed 405 undergraduates in Hong Kong, China. Results demonstrated the pivotal role of emotional intelligence. Essentially, emotional intelligence appeared to be a strong determinant of self-esteem and explain away the positive effect of social competence on self-esteem. The results imply the value of raising emotional intelligence in order to consolidate the basis for the young adult's self-esteem. PMID:25495163

Cheung, Chau-Kiu; Cheung, Hoi Yan; Hue, Ming-Tak

2015-01-01

201

Preocupación por la apariencia física y alteraciones emocionales en mujeres con trastornos alimentarios con autoestima baja (Body shape concern and emotional disturbances in women with eating disorders and low self-esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in age, nutritional state (Body Mass Index or BMI, anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction in eating disorder (ED patients with low, medium and high self-esteem. We also attempted to identify discrepancies between the real and desired nutritional state. A total of 146 women with EDs (anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; DSM-IV-TR criteria were evaluated. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES were used as measurement instruments. The results showed significant differences between the low, medium and high self-esteem patients regarding anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction, desired BMI and the relationship between real and desired BMI. The women with low self-esteem presented higher levels of anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction than the other groups. Furthermore, ED patients with low self-esteem have a stronger desire to achieve their ideal BMI. We suggest including self-esteem techniques in ED prevention and treatment programs in order to decrease anxiety and depression symptoms.

María Luisa Avargues Navarro

2012-08-01

202

A autoestima afeta a insatisfação corporal em adolescentes do sexo feminino? / Does self-esteem affect body dissatisfaction levels in female adolescents?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a influência da autoestima na insatisfação corporal de adolescentes do sexo feminino. Métodos: Participaram 397 adolescentes com idade entre 12 e 17 anos. Utilizou-se o Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) para avaliar a insatisfação corporal. A Escala de Aut [...] oestima de Rosemberg foi utilizada para avaliar a autoestima. Foram mensurados peso corporal, estatura e dobras cutâneas. Esses dados antropométricos foram controlados nas análises estatísticas. Resultados: O modelo de regressão múltipla indicou influência das subescalas "autoestima positiva" (R2=0,16; p=0,001) e "autoestima negativa" (R2=0,23; p=0,001) nos escores do BSQ. A análise univariada de covariância demonstrou diferenças nos escores do BSQ (p=0,001) em razão dos grupos de autoestima. Conclusão: Concluiu-se que a autoestima influenciou a insatisfação corporal em meninas adolescentes de Juiz de Fora/MG. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the influence of self-esteem on levels of body dissatisfaction among adolescent females. Methods: A group of 397 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were enrolled in the study. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was applied to assess body dissatisfaction. The Rosenberg Self-Es [...] teem Scale was used to assess self-esteem. Weight, height, and skinfold thickness were also measured. These anthropometric data were controlled in the statistical analyses. Results: The multiple regression model indicated influence of "positive self-esteem" (R2=0.16; p=0.001) and "negative self-esteem" (R2=0.23; p=0.001) subscales on the BSQ scores. Univariate analysis of covariance demonstrated differences in BSQ scores (p=0.001) according to groups of self-esteem. Conclusion: It was concluded that self-esteem influenced body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls from Juiz de Fora, MG.

Leonardo de Sousa, Fortes; Flávia Marcele, Cipriani; Fernanda Dias, Coelho; Santiago Tavares, Paes; Maria Elisa Caputo, Ferreira.

2014-09-01

203

Self-esteem is associated with premorbid adjustment and positive psychotic symptoms in early psychosis  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background Low levels of self-esteem have been implicated as both a cause and a consequence of severe mental disorders. The main aims of the study were to examine whether premorbid adjustment has an impact on the subject's self-esteem, and whether lowered self-esteem contributes to the development of delusions and hallucinations. Method A total of 113 patients from the Thematically Organized Psychosis research study (TOP) were included at first treatment. The Positive and Negative Sy...

Haug Elisabeth; Hansen Charlotte; Rossberg Jan; Romm Kristin; Andreassen Ole A; Melle Ingrid

2011-01-01

204

IMPACT OF AGE AND SPORTS PARTICIPATION ON SELF ESTEEM OF ADOLESCENT BOYS  

OpenAIRE

-The purpose of the study was to see the impact of age and sports participation on self-esteem of adolescent boys. Total 200 adolescent boys were selected from various public schools of New Delhi where 100 boys have participated in sports and 100 boys have not participated in sports. Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965) was used as a criterion measure for self-esteem. Mean, Standard Deviation, and Two-Way ANOVA were employed as statistical techniques for computati...

Alfred Basumatary; Tarak Nath Pramanik

2014-01-01

205

A Diary Study of Implicit Self-esteem, Interpersonal Interactions and Alcohol Consumption in College Students  

OpenAIRE

A 30-day daily diary study examined the relations among implicit self-esteem, interpersonal interactions, and alcohol consumption in college students. Multilevel analyses revealed that students with low implicit self-esteem drank more on days when they experienced more negative interpersonal interactions. In contrast, students with high implicit self-esteem drank more on days when they experienced more positive interpersonal interactions. Spending time with people who were drinking mediated b...

Dehart, Tracy; Tennen, Howard; Armeli, Stephen; Todd, Michael; Mohr, Cynthia

2009-01-01

206

Parental Conflict and its Effects on Youth Self Esteem (A Study At University of Punjab)  

OpenAIRE

This research was conducted to probe the effects of parental conflict on youth self esteem. Objective of study was to explore reasons behind parental conflict, to measure the level of parental conflict on behavior of children, to find out change in the behavior of children, to identify the role of parents in the self esteem of children, to know how parent conflict and self esteem of children are related. Some 200 students from different departments of university of Punjab were selected by usi...

Salma Nazir; Sidra Saeed; Malik Muhammad Sohail; Falak Sher; Zarqa Azhar; Muhammad Rizwan Safdar

2012-01-01

207

Self-Esteem and Mastery Trajectories in High School by Social Class and Gender  

OpenAIRE

Using longitudinal data from 769 white adolescents in the Midwest, this research applies a social structure and personality perspective to examine variation in self-esteem and mastery trajectories by gender and SES across the high school years. Analyses reveal that high SES adolescents experience significantly steeper gains in self-esteem and mastery compared to low SES adolescents, resulting in the reversal of SES differences in self-esteem and the emergence of significant SES differences in...

Falci, Christina D.

2011-01-01

208

The relationship between economic hardship, self esteem and parental behavior among low-income mothers  

OpenAIRE

This quantitative research attempts to examine the relationships between economic hardship, self-esteem, and parental behavior among low-income mothers. Specifically, the objectives of this research are to: 1) measure the relationship between economic hardship and self-esteem; 2) measure the relationship between economic hardship and parental behavior; 3) measure the relationship between self-esteem and parental behavior; and 4) measure the relationshipbetween demographic aspects such as age ...

Joki Perdani Sawai; Ferlis Bahari; Habibie Ibrahim; Zall Kepli Md. Rejab

2011-01-01

209

Global Self-Esteem, Appearance Satisfaction, and Self-Reported Dieting in Early Adolescence  

OpenAIRE

Global self-esteem, appearance satisfaction, and self-reported dieting are interrelated. In the current study, we examine the temporal ordering of global self-esteem and appearance satisfaction across the early adolescence transition, from age 10 to age 14, as well as the independent associations of self-esteem and appearance satisfaction on self-reported dieting at age 14. Participants were 130 firstborn European American adolescents (40% girls). Adolescents who were less satisfied with thei...

Barker, Erin T.; Bornstein, Marc H.

2009-01-01

210

The self-esteem roller coaster: Adult attachment moderates the impact of daily feedback  

OpenAIRE

People with different attachment orientations rely on different sources of self-esteem. This 14-day diary study examined the impact of different types of feedback on self-esteem for adults of different attachment orientations. Consistent with theory, higher (vs. lower) anxious participants’ daily self-esteem fluctuated more with daily interpersonal feedback conveying rejection or coming from a romantic partner; they also self-reported stronger reactions to idiosyncratic negative interperson...

Hepper, E.; Carnelley, Kb

2012-01-01

211

The Role of Religious Orientation, Psychological Well-Being, and Self-Esteem in Iranian EFL Learners’ Language Achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study aimed at finding the relationship of religious orientation (RO, psychological well-being (PWB, and self-esteem (SE with language achievement (LA among Iranian EFL learners. Furthermore, it investigated the predictability of dependent variable (LA using all independent and predictor variables (RO, PWB, and SE. 126 senior and junior students majoring in English Translation and English Literature at Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman participated in the study. To obtain the required data, three questionnaires were utilized: Allport and Ross’s (1967 Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religious Orientation Scale (IEROS to measure extrinsic and intrinsic religious orientations, Short Measurement of Psychological Well-Being by Clarke, Marshall, Ryff, and Wheaton (2001 to measure psychological well-being, and finally, The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale by Rosenberg (1965 to assess self-esteem. Moreover, participants’ GPAs in major courses were used as indicators of their language achievement. For analysis of data, Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Regression analysis were used. The results revealed that there was a significant positive relationship between IRO, PWB, and SE with LA and a significant negative relationship between ERO and LA. Additionally, all the independent variables together could predict LA and accounted for 95 percent of variability of students’ GPA.

Elham Moradi

2013-11-01

212

Prueba de Autoestima para Adolescentes / The self-esteem test for adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available El presente estudio se propuso indagar sobre la validez de constructo de la adaptación a la Prueba de Autoestima para Adolescentes (PAA) y actualizar los parámetros psicométricos resultantes de estudios anteriores. Respondieron el instrumento 1581 estudiantes de ambos sexos (850 mujeres y 731 hombre [...] s) de una institución pública de educación media superior de la Ciudad de México. Mediante el empleo de la metodología de validez cruzada se determinó que el modelo de medida que subyace a la PAA ajustó satisfactoriamente, lo que confirma una estructura de cuatro factores: Cogniciones sobre sí mismo, Cogniciones de competencia, Relación familiar y Enojo. Los hallazgos del presente estudio se suman a los datos generados en torno a la validez de contenido, de criterio y de constructo de la PAA. Abstract in english The present study intended to explore construct validity of the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents and update psychometric properties found in previous studies. 1581 Mexican students (850 women and 731 men) of a public high school in Mexico City responded to the scale. The sample was split randomly in [...] half. EFA was applied using one sample's data, and CFA to the other sample's data. The model, assumed to underlie responses to the Self-esteem Test for Adolescents, satisfactorily fit the data, confirming a structure of 4 factors: self-cognitions, competence cognitions, family relations and rage. Results of the present study corroborate previous data concerning content, criterion-related and construct validity of the Selfesteem Test for Adolescents.

JOAQUÍN, CASO NIEBLA; LAURA, HERNÁNDEZ-GUZMAN; MANUAL, GONZÁLEZ-MONTESINOS.

2011-05-01

213

The Relationship between Self-esteem, Personality Type and Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Students  

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Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, personality type and reading comprehension of Iranian EFL students. Data of this study were collected by administering a questionnaire of self-esteem including three sections: global self-esteem, situational self-esteem and task self-esteem, questionnaire of personality type measuring extroversion and TOEFL reading comprehension test that were prepared by the researcher. The instruments were administered to a random sample from English Institutes. The sample consisted of 55 students (13 males and 42 females. Pearson Coefficient-Moment Product Correlation was used to determine the relationship between variables. Results of the study revealed that there was a positive relationship between overall self-esteem and reading comprehension, and overall self-esteem and personality type, in general. Likewise, positive relationships between situational and task self-esteem with reading comprehension were shown but there wasn't a significant relationship between global self-esteem and reading comprehension. Also the relationship between personality type and reading comprehension was insignificant.

Mohammad Sadeq Bagheri

2012-08-01

214

Self-Esteem and threats to self: implications for self-construals and interpersonal perceptions.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 4 studies, the authors examined interpersonal perceptions as a function of self-construals and ego threats for those with high and low self-esteem. Previous research (T. F. Heatherton & K. D. Vohs, 2000a) found that after threat, high self-esteem people were rated as less likable by an unacquainted dyad partner, whereas low self-esteem people were rated as more likable. Study I showed that after threat, high self-esteem people seek competency feedback, whereas low self-esteem people seek interpersonal feedback. Study 2 showed that high self-esteem people become more independent after threat, whereas low self-esteem people become more interdependent. Study 3 linked differences in independence versus interdependence to interpersonal evaluations. Study 4 found that differences in independent and interdependent self-construals statistically accounted for differences in likability and personality perceptions of high and low self-esteem people after threat. Thus, the combination of threat and self-esteem alters people's focus on different self-aspects, which consequently leads to different interpersonal appraisals. PMID:11761311

Vohs, K D; Heatherton, T F

2001-12-01

215

Implicit Self-Esteem Decreases in Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study  

OpenAIRE

Implicit self-esteem has remained an active research topic in both the areas of implicit social cognition and self-esteem in recent decades. The purpose of this study is to explore the development of implicit self-esteem in adolescents. A total of 599 adolescents from junior and senior high schools in East China participated in the study. They ranged in age from 11 to 18 years with a mean age of 14.10 (SD?=?2.16). The degree of implicit self-esteem was assessed using the Implicit Associat...

Cai, Huajian; Wu, Mingzheng; Luo, Yu L. L.; Yang, Jing

2014-01-01

216

Relationship Between Self-Concept, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Depression and Academic Achievement in Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran`s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. Moreover, the increase of self-concept and self-esteem are related to the decrease of anxiety and a negative significant relation exists between self-concept, self-esteem and depression which will ensue decrease in academic achievement.

Fathi-Ashtiani, Ali; Ejei, Javad; Khodapanahi, Mohammad-Karim; Tarkhorani, Hamid

217

An Assessment of Positive Organizational Behavior in Service Sector of Pakistan: Role of Organization Based Self-Esteem and Global Self-Esteem  

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Full Text Available This study is an attempt to investigate prevalence of positive organizational behavior in the organizations in the service sector of Pakistan. We tested effects of organization based self-esteem, role stressors (role conflict, role overload and role ambiguity, leader-member exchange and perceived organizational support on positive organizational behavior as well as mediation of organization-based-self-esteem in this regard. Moreover, moderation of global self-esteem was also estimated in relationship between organization based self-esteem and positive organizational behavior. Data from 250 respondents from three service sectors of Pakistan (bank, hotel and education was collected through mail survey and using stratified random sampling technique. Data analysis on the usable 215 questionnaires was made by using hierarchical multiple regression. Significant direct and indirect results through mediation of organization based self-esteem were found only for leader-member exchange, perceived organizational support and role ambiguity. Nevertheless, global self-esteem was not found to moderate the relationship of organization base self-esteem and positive organizational behavior. Implications and future research recommendations are also given.

Wafa Khurram

2013-08-01

218

Self-Esteem as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Social Support and Subjective Well-Being among Chinese University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined both the mediating and moderating effects of global self-esteem on the relationship between social support and subjective well-being among Chinese university students. Three hundred and ninety-one university students (260 males and 131 females) from two different Chinese universities completed the social support scale, the…

Kong, Feng; Zhao, Jingjing; You, Xuqun

2013-01-01

219

The Effects of Self-esteem, Age and Gender on the Speaking Skills of Intermediate University EFL Learners  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating the relationship between self-esteem, age and gender on the one hand and speaking skills on the other hand. For this purpose, based on an OPT test twenty intermediate Persian learners of English were selected from among undergraduate EFL students studying towards a B.A. in teaching English as a foreign language at Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch. Using a modified version of Farhady, et. al.’s scale (1995, measuring the five subskills of vocabulary, structure, pronunciation, fluency and comprehensibility, two raters evaluated the speaking ability of the participants at the end of the required course (Oral Production of Short Stories. The Sorensen’s (2005 questionnaire for measuring self-esteem containing 50 items was also administered to the participants. The result showed a significant relationship between self-esteem and speaking skill with fluency exerting the most influence. There was also a reverse relationship between age and speaking skills. Concerning the relationship between gender and speaking skills, no statistically significant association was found. The study could have implications for English language teachers, learners and text book writers.

Bahareh Koosha

2011-10-01

220

Puerto Rican Early Adolescents’ Self-Esteem Patterns  

OpenAIRE

This study examines self-esteem as a multidimensional construct in 1 Latino subgroup, Puerto Rican girls and boys during early adolescence, using Harter’s (1985b) Self-Perception Profile for Children. The results show that in its English and Spanish versions—the latter developed by the present research team—the Self-Perception Profile for Children has adequate reliability for use with 13- to 14-year-old Puerto Rican youth living on the mainland. Results obtained in this study of Puerto ...

Erkut, Sumru; Szalacha, Laura A.; Garci?a Coll, Cynthia; Alarco?n, Odette

2000-01-01

221

Body dissatisfaction and body mass in girls and boys transitioning from early to mid-adolescence: additional role of self-esteem and eating habits  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In the transition from early to mid-adolescence, gender differences in pubertal development become significant. Body dissatisfaction is often associated with body mass, low self-esteem and abnormal eating habits. The majority of studies investigating body dissatisfaction and its associations have been conducted on female populations. However, some evidence suggests that males also suffer from these problems and that gender differences might already be observed in adolescence. Aims To examine body dissatisfaction and its relationship with body mass, as well as self-esteem and eating habits, in girls and boys in transition from early to mid-adolescence. Methods School nurses recorded the heights and weights of 659 girls and 711 boys with a mean age of 14.5 years. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Body Dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorder Inventory were used as self-appraisal scales. Eating data were self-reported. Results The girls were less satisfied with their bodies than boys were with theirs (mean score (SD: 30.6 (SD 12.2 vs. 18.9 (SD 9.5; p? Conclusions Body mass, self-esteem and eating habits revealed a significant relationship with body dissatisfaction in the transitional phase from early to mid-adolescence in girls and boys, but significant gender differences were also found.

Mäkinen Mauno

2012-06-01

222

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young Adult Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The 3 main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood, (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult…

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

223

Team Sports Achievement and Self-Esteem Development among Urban Adolescent Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study we investigate the contribution of achievement in team sports to adolescent girls' self-esteem development. Adolescent girls (N = 247) from racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds were surveyed as part of a larger study investigating the development of poor urban youth. Participants responded to items tapping global self-esteem,…

Pedersen, Sara; Seidman, Edward

2004-01-01

224

A Mediational Model of Autonomy, Self-Esteem, and Eating Disordered Attitudes and Behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Findings from a study of the relationships among autonomy deficits, low self-esteem, and eating disorders of 71 college women supported a mediational model in which lack of autonomy was related to decreased global self-esteem, which in turn was associated with bulimia and body dissatisfaction. (SLD)

Frederick, Christina M.; Grow, Virginia M.

1996-01-01

225

Acculturative Stress and Self-Esteem among Puerto Rican Migrant Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied how acculturative stress affects self-esteem of 240 upper elementary school children in Puerto Rico, half of whom had never migrated, and half of whom had spent at least one academic year in the United States. Data suggest lower self-esteem for migrants and more disadvantages because they are placed in second-language programs and delayed…

Diaz, Joseph O. Prewitt; Santiago, Nilza

1998-01-01

226

Parental Discord vs. Family Structure: Effects of Divorce on the Self-Esteem of Daughters.  

Science.gov (United States)

The effects of family structure and parental discord on the self-esteem of 199 female undergraduates were investigated. Family structure and happiness ratings were substantially related, with those separated rated as less happy. Parental discord appeared to lower the self-esteem of daughters, whereas separation of parents did not. (Author/LMO)

Long, Barbara H.

1986-01-01

227

Self-Esteem and Use of the Internet among Young School-Age Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The literature suggests a relationship between technology use and self-esteem. Such research has failed toconsider young school-aged children and their use of the internet, particularly across contexts. Thirty-eightchildren aged 6 to 8 years rated the level and nature of their internet use (email, instant message, play games,visit websites at home, school and in the community (i.e., at someone else’s house. They also rated items thatmeasured home, school and peer self-esteem. Instant messaging at school explained 21% of the differences inschool self-esteem. As children tended to report instant messaging at school, they also tended to report thehighest school-based self-esteem. Instant messaging at someone else’s house explained 11% of the differences inhome self-esteem. As children tended to report instant messaging at someone else’s house, they also tended toreport the lowest home self-esteem. Visiting websites at someone else’s house explained 10% of the differencesin peer self-esteem. As children tended to report visiting websites at someone else’s house, they also tended toreport the highest peer self-esteem. Internet use during the early school years is related to children’s sense of selfand mediated by context.

Genevieve Marie Johnson

2011-11-01

228

Promoting Self-Esteem in Adolescents: The Influence of Wellness Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the extent to which holistic wellness factors are predictive of self-esteem, the authors administered the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventories, School Form (Coopersmith, 2002), and the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (Myers & Sweeney, 2005a) to 225 adolescents ages 15 to 17 years. Wellness factors (Coping Self, Social Self, and Creative…

Myers, Jane E.; Willse, John T.; Villalba, Jose A.

2011-01-01

229

Stress, Self-Esteem, Hope, Optimism, and Well-Being in Urban, Ethnic Minority Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined hope, optimism, self-esteem, social support, stress, and indices of subjective well-being (SWB) in 137 low-income, urban, ethnic minority adolescents. Hope, optimism, and self-esteem were significant predictors of SWB indices, but stress predicted only 1 SWB index: negative affect. No moderators of stress and negative affect…

Vacek, Kimberly R.; Coyle, Laura D.; Vera, Elizabeth M.

2010-01-01

230

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

231

"It's Good for Their Self-Esteem": The Substance beneath the Label  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper provides an informed and critical understanding of the concept of self-esteem. It explores this psychological construct in relation to its use in adventure education and outdoor learning. Enhancing a participant's self-esteem is perceived to be fundamentally a good thing and is culturally linked to the Hahnian notion that implies…

Leather, Mark

2013-01-01

232

Peer Attachment, Coping, and Self-Esteem in Institutionalized Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Social Skills  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyzes the contribution of peer attachment in predicting active coping and self-esteem in a sample of 109 institutionalized adolescents. It also explores the mediating role of social skills in the association between peer attachment, coping, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling identified a model able to predict a positive…

Mota, Catarina Pinheiro; Matos, Paula Mena

2013-01-01

233

The Relationship of Body Size and Adiposity to Source of Self-Esteem in College Women  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Studies looking at self-esteem and body size or adiposity generally demonstrate a negative relationship. However, the relationship between the source of self-esteem and body size has not been examined in college women. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of body size and adiposity to source of…

Moncur, Breckann; Bailey, Bruce W.; Lockhart, Barbara D.; LeCheminant, James D.; Perkins, Annette E.

2013-01-01

234

Body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, and overweight among inner-city Hispanic children and adolescents  

OpenAIRE

We examined the associations among self-reported body image, self-esteem, and measured body mass index (BMI) in El-Salvadoran American youth. Higher BMI was associated with body size dissatisfaction, lower peer esteem, and attempts to lose weight. Body size dissatisfaction was also significantly related to self-esteem in these El-Salvadoran American youth.

Mirza, Nazrat M.; Davis, Dawnavan; Yanovski, Jack A.

2005-01-01

235

An innovative summer camp program improves weight and self-esteem in obese children  

Science.gov (United States)

Obese children benefit from structured life-style changes and need help with self-esteem, which is lower when compared to normal-weight children. Summer camp might offer an opportunity to achieve a healthy lifestyle and to improve weight and self-esteem. he objective is to determine the effectivenes...

236

Parental Conflict and its Effects on Youth Self Esteem (A Study At University of Punjab  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research was conducted to probe the effects of parental conflict on youth self esteem. Objective of study was to explore reasons behind parental conflict, to measure the level of parental conflict on behavior of children, to find out change in the behavior of children, to identify the role of parents in the self esteem of children, to know how parent conflict and self esteem of children are related. Some 200 students from different departments of university of Punjab were selected by using appropriate sampling techniques. Questionnaire was designed to measure the level of impact of parental conflicts on children’s self esteem. Perceived inter-parental conflict and parental style discrepancies in nurturance and in authoritarianism were significantly and negatively related to self-esteem, but the best predictors of self-esteem were the parental styles themselves. Warm nurturing parents were more likely to have high self-esteem children and demonstrated less conflict in marital partnerships. Correlations between marital conflict and self-esteem may reflect parental characteristics.

Salma Nazir

2012-09-01

237

Is Self-Esteem a Cause or Consequence of Social Support? A 4-Year Longitudinal Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Considerable research has been devoted to examining the relations between self-esteem and social support. However, the exact nature and direction of these relations are not well understood. Measures of self-esteem, and social support quantity and quality were administered to 961 adolescents across five yearly time points (M[subscript…

Marshall, Sarah L.; Parker, Phillip D.; Ciarrochi, Joseph; Heaven, Patrick C. L.

2014-01-01

238

An Alternative to Self-Esteem: Fostering Self-Compassion in Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

For more than a generation, the idea that children need nurturance of a high self-esteem in order to be developmentally healthy has had wide acceptance in Western psychology. A generation of parents has been told that one of their key tasks is to increase their children's self-esteem, and teachers have been trained to give accolades, gold stars,…

Persinger, James

2012-01-01

239

Examination of the Professional Self-Esteem of Teacher Candidates Studying at a Faculty of Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to determine the professional self-esteem levels of teacher candidates studying at the Faculty of Education, Ahi Evran University, Kirsehir, Turkey, to examine whether certain variables create any differences in their professional self-esteem levels and to propose suggestions in accordance with the results. The study was conducted…

Aral, Neriman; Gursoy, Figen; Ceylan, Remziye; Bicakci, Mudriye Yildiz

2009-01-01

240

A STUDY OF LOCUS OF CONTROL AND SELF ESTEEM AMONG BOYS AND GIRLS COLLEGE STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective of the study was to search locus of control and self esteem among boys and girls college students. Hypothesis: Boys college students will be high Locus of Control (External Locus of Control than girls' college's students. Second hypothesis: there will be significant difference between boys and girls college students on dimension self esteem.

Thale Arti Subhashrao

2014-05-01

241

Adolescents’ Self-Esteem in Single and Two-Parent Families  

OpenAIRE

Background: Self-esteem is one of the basic needs for all individuals especially in adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine associations between adolescents’ self-esteem and perceived maternal parenting styles as well as its dimensions in terms of family type.

Alami, Ali; Khosravan, Shahla; Sadegh Moghadam, Leila; Pakravan, Fateme; Hosseni, Fateme

2014-01-01

242

Does Self-Esteem Moderate the Relations among Perceived Stress, Coping, and Depression?  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined self-esteem as a moderator of the influence of perceived stress and coping on symptoms of depression in a sample of 713 college students. The results suggest that self-esteem may play an important role in the development of depressive symptoms in college students through interactions with perceived stress and coping. If an…

Eisenbarth, Chris

2012-01-01

243

Impact of Group Sandtray Therapy on the Self-Esteem of Young Adolescent Girls  

Science.gov (United States)

The effectiveness of group sandtray therapy was examined using a pretest-posttest control group design with young adolescent girls (n = 37) identified as having low self-esteem. A split-plot analysis of variance (SPANOVA) revealed statistically significant differences between participants in the treatment and control groups in self-esteem on five…

Shen, Yu-Pei; Armstrong, Stephen A.

2008-01-01

244

The Relationship of Steady Dating to Self-Esteem and Sex Role Identity Among Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Administered questionnaire to 480 Israeli adolescents. Found that adolescents who had steady dates were perceived by peers as possessing higher self-esteem, self-perception of higher self-esteem, higher correspondence to their gender's identity, and self-perception of higher correspondence to their gender's identity. Results suggest positive link…

Samet, Naomi; Kelly, Eugene W., Jr.

1987-01-01

245

Age and Gender Effects on Global Self-Esteem and Physical Self-Perception in Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study measured the effects of gender, age and their interaction on global self-esteem and physical self-perceptions (physical self-worth, PSW; physical condition, PC; physical strength, PS; attractive body, AB; sport competence, SC) of French adolescents. Global self-esteem (GSE) and physical self-perceptions were measured by the Physical…

Maiano, Christophe; Ninot, Gregory; Bilard, Jean

2004-01-01

246

Perceived Fashion Risk and Self-Esteem of Males and Females.  

Science.gov (United States)

An instrument developed to examine a person's perception of fashion risk in clothing choice, relative to his or her self-esteem, was administered to 400 university students. Fashion risk was found to be a part of other types of risk and not linearly related to self-esteem. (Author/SK)

Winakor, Geitel; And Others

1980-01-01

247

Acculturation, Body Image, Self-Esteem, and Eating-Disorder Symptomatology in Adolescent Mexican American Women.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigated the relationship among acculturation, body image, self-esteem, and eating disorder symptomatology in 120 Mexican-American adolescent women. Findings indicate that acculturation levels were not related to anorexic or bulimic symptomatology, self-esteem, body dissatisfaction or thinness of ideal and attractive figures. Also, lower…

Joiner, Greg W.; Kashubeck, Susan

1996-01-01

248

Collective Self-Esteem as a Coping Resource for Male-to-Female Transsexuals  

Science.gov (United States)

The fear of experiencing discrimination often provokes symptoms of psychological distress. One coping resource is positive identification with one's social group--known as collective self-esteem. This preliminary study investigated whether collective self-esteem was related to fears regarding a transsexual identity and psychological distress among…

Sanchez, Francisco J.; Vilain, Eric

2009-01-01

249

Gender differences in psychiatric disorders and clusters of self-esteem among detained adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Detained minors display substantial mental health needs. This study focused on two features (psychopathology and self-esteem) that have received considerable attention in the literature and clinical work, but have rarely been studied simultaneously in detained youths. The aims of this study were to examine gender differences in psychiatric disorders and clusters of self-esteem, and to test the hypothesis that the cluster of adolescents with lower (versus higher) levels of self-esteem have higher rates of psychiatric disorders. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders was assessed in 440 Belgian, detained adolescents using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV. Self-esteem was assessed using the Self-perception Profile for Adolescents. Model-based cluster analyses were performed to identify youths with lower and/or higher levels of self-esteem across several domains. Girls have higher rates for most psychiatric disorders and lower levels of self-esteem than boys. A higher number of clusters was identified in boys (four) than girls (three). Generally, the cluster of adolescents with lower (versus higher) levels of self-esteem had a higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders. These results suggest that the detection of low levels of self-esteem in adolescents, especially girls, might help clinicians to identify a subgroup of detained adolescents with the highest prevalence of psychopathology. PMID:25454118

Van Damme, Lore; Colins, Olivier F; Vanderplasschen, Wouter

2014-12-30

250

Self-Esteem and Employed Workers with Developmental Disabilities: A Pilot Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although work, as a source of need satisfaction and self-esteem, is extremely important in our society, it has an increased meaning for people with disabilities because it permits them (and others) to perceive themselves as normal, competent citizens. This research studies the self-esteem of employees with developmental disabilities as measured by…

Young, Patricia L.; And Others

251

Body Weight, Self-Esteem, and Depression in Korean Female Adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined whether body mass index (BMI) and perception of a body weight problem predict level of self esteem and depression in Korean female adolescents. Results showed that perception of a weight problem, but not BMI, contributed significantly to the prediction of level of self esteem and depression. (BF)

Kim, Oksoo; Kim, Kyeha

2001-01-01

252

The Self-Esteem, Perceived Social Support and Hopelessness in Adolescents: The Structural Equation Modeling  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, a developed model to explain a causal relationship between adolescent's self-esteem, perceived social support and hopelessness is tested. The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between self-esteem, perceived social support and hopelessness in adolescents. A total of 257 adolescents, including 143 female and 114…

Savi Cakar, Firdevs; Karatas, Zeynep

2012-01-01

253

Does low self-esteem enhance social pain? The relationship between trait self-esteem and anterior cingulate cortex activation induced by ostracism  

OpenAIRE

According to sociometer theory, self-esteem serves as a barometer of the extent to which individuals are socially included or excluded by others. We hypothesized that trait self-esteem would be related to social pain responsiveness, and we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to experimentally investigate this potential relationship. Participants (n = 26) performed a cyberball task, a computerized game of catch during which the participants were excluded from the game. Participants then...

Onoda, Keiichi; Okamoto, Yasumasa; Nakashima, Ken’ichiro; Nittono, Hiroshi; Yoshimura, Shinpei; Yamawaki, Sigeto; Yamaguchi, Shuhei; Ura, Mitsuhiro

2010-01-01

254

Is low self-esteem a risk factor for depression among adolescents? an analytical study with interventional component  

OpenAIRE

Background: Selfesteem is an important factor for helping persons deal with life stressors. It is an important determinant of psychological well-being that is particularly problematic during an adolescent life stage. Low self-esteem might contribute to depression through both interpersonal and intrapersonal pathways. Many theories of depression postulate that low self esteem is a defining feature of depression. Aims: Self-esteem in adolescents has been associated with a number of risk an...

Jayanthi P, Rajamanickam Rajkumar

2014-01-01

255

Interpersonal views of narcissism and authentic high self-esteem: it is not all about you.  

Science.gov (United States)

Employing peer-rating methodology, this study examined relationship issues in narcissists versus individuals with authentic high self-esteem. Undergraduates (N = 147) were assigned to rate someone (a "target") they knew well who was most similar to a narcissistic prototype, an authentic self-esteem prototype, or a control person. Participants rating narcissistic targets reported significantly more interpersonal problems with the target and more avoidant and revenge behaviors directed toward them than did participants rating authentic self-esteem or control targets. Authentic high self-esteem was associated with positive social relationships. Large effect sizes suggested substantial interpersonal differences observed by peers interacting with narcissists compared to authentic high self-esteem individuals. PMID:25153960

Byrne, J Stephen; O'Brien, Edward J

2014-08-01

256

Self-esteem mediates the relationship between spirituality and subjective well-being in Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem appears to play a central role in the spiritual life and ethical behaviour of the typical Iranian. For example, for many Iranians, humankind is believed to be the crown of creation, and each person is believed to be individually valued by God. Previous empirical studies also indicate that in Iran spirituality is positively associated with self-esteem. On this basis, it was hypothesised that self-esteem would be one of the mechanisms through which spirituality leads to increased mental well-being. Mediation analysis showed that self-esteem was a partial mediator of the spirituality-well-being relationship. Moreover, results of moderated mediation analysis revealed that this mediation was not significantly moderated by gender, and that the indirect path through self-esteem was significant in both genders. Implications of the results and their relevance to other western and eastern religions (e.g. Christianity and Buddhism) are discussed. PMID:25721881

Joshanloo, Mohsen; Daemi, Fatemeh

2015-03-01

257

IMPACT OF AGE AND SPORTS PARTICIPATION ON SELF ESTEEM OF ADOLESCENT BOYS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available -The purpose of the study was to see the impact of age and sports participation on self-esteem of adolescent boys. Total 200 adolescent boys were selected from various public schools of New Delhi where 100 boys have participated in sports and 100 boys have not participated in sports. Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory (Rosenberg, 1965 was used as a criterion measure for self-esteem. Mean, Standard Deviation, and Two-Way ANOVA were employed as statistical techniques for computation of Selfesteem of school boy students. Results revealed that boys who have participated in sports have higher self-esteem than the boys who have not participated in sports. Participation in sports had effected on selfesteem of different age group but age group alone did not effect on self-esteem of adolescent boys.

Alfred Basumatary

2014-06-01

258

Family Functioning Predictors of Self-Concept and Self-Esteem in Children at Risk for Learning Disabilities in Oman: Exclusion of Parent and Gender Contribution  

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Full Text Available The study investigated whether family functioning can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of normally achieving (NA and at risk for learning disabilities (LD students in Oman regardless of parent education level and gender status. A total of 259 elementary school students were selected from schools in the main districts of Muscat, the capital and largest city in Oman. The participants included 259 students referred for learning disabilities (78 and normally achieving students (181. Self-Report Measure of Family Functioning–Child Revised, Beck Self-Concept Inventory for Youth (BSCI-Y, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to the participants. In addition, demographic data on parents’ education levels (PEL and gender were collected. The study specifically investigated whether family functioning dimensions of communication, cohesion, conflict, and social/recreational orientation can predict the self-concept and self-esteem of children regardless of PEL and gender status. Multiple hierarchical regressions showed that family functioning was a strong contributory factor of self-concept for both children with and without LD although the two groups differed in terms of the significant family functioning predictors. Family functioning was a weak contributory factor of self-e esteem in children with and without LD and the two groups varied in terms of the significant family functioning variables. The differences between the two groups are discussed from cultural and ecological perspectives.

Mahmoud Mohamed Emam

2014-09-01

259

???????Health-related quality of life and self-esteem in patients with diabetic foot ulcers: results of a cross-sectional comparative study.  

Science.gov (United States)

???To evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-esteem in patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), a cross-sectional, comparative study was conducted among 35 consecutive patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) attending outpatient clinics in Pouso Alegre, Brazil. Fifteen (15) patients with and 20 without a DFU participated in the study. Demographic variables were obtained and HRQoL and self-esteem were assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. In both groups, 80% of patients were women. Average age did not differ significantly between the DFU and control groups (average 56 [SD 8.42] and 52 years [SD 6.68], respectively) but disease duration was significantly longer (P Self-esteem scores were similar in both groups. The results of this study confirm that patient HRQoL is negatively affected by the presence of a DFU. Wound prevention programs for patients with DM may help reduce the scope of this problem while DFU treatment programs that include psychological support may improve patient QoL. PMID:21422482

de Meneses, Luiz Carlos; Blanes, Leila; Francescato Veiga, Daniela; Carvalho Gomes, Heitor; Masako Ferreira, Lydia

2011-03-01

260

Adolescents’ Self-Esteem in Single and Two-Parent Families  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Self-esteem is one of the basic needs for all individuals especially in adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine associations between adolescents’ self-esteem and perceived maternal parenting styles as well as its dimensions in terms of family type. Methods: In this analytic cross-sectional study, 356 high school students (250 two-parent nuclear family and 106 single-parent family) participated and filled out the Coppersmith self-esteem and the Robinson and colleagues (2001) perceived parenting styles questionnaires. Data were analyzed by SPSS software, version 18. To assess the relationship between participants’ self-esteem and parenting styles and dimensions, Mantel–Haenszel Chi-square test was used to adjust the effect of potential confounder variables. P?0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: From a total of 370 questionnaires, 356 questionnaires were completed. The mean±SD of the participants’ self-esteem score was 38.49±6.55. Mean±SD of self-esteem score among the two-parent and single-parent students was 39.06±6.36 and 37.42±7.28, respectively (P=0.034). Dominant parenting style in both families was authoritative style. There were significant associations between the respondents’ self-esteem and their perceived parenting styles, after matching sex, family income, level of education, and parents job (P<0.005). Conclusion: The results of this research can be used in educational interventions to modify the dimensions of parenting styles and improve self-esteem. Therefore, considering the relationship between child-rearing style and adolescent self-esteem, assessing other relating factors with adolescent self-esteem especially in single-parent family, such as father absence stigma, is suggested. PMID:25349847

Alami, Ali; Khosravan, Shahla; Sadegh Moghadam, Leila; Pakravan, Fateme; Hosseni, Fateme

2014-01-01

261

Relationship between body dissatisfaction and disordered eating: Mediating role of self-esteem and depression.  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that the effect of body dissatisfaction on disordered eating behavior is mediated through self-esteem and depression. If the effect of body dissatisfaction on disordered eating can be explained by self-esteem and depression, treatment may benefit from focusing more on self-esteem and depression than body dissatisfaction. We also hypothesized body image importance to be associated with lower self-esteem, stronger symptoms of depression, and more disordered eating. The results showed that the effect of body dissatisfaction on disorder eating was completely mediated, whereas the effect of body image importance was partly mediated. Both self-esteem and depression were significant mediators. Body image importance and self-esteem had a direct effect on restrained eating and compensatory behavior. Depression had a direct effect on binge eating. This effect was significantly stronger among women. Depression also had a direct effect on restrained eating. This effect was positive among women, but negative among men. The results support emotion regulation and cognitive behavioral theories of eating disorders, indicating that self-esteem and depression are the most proximal factors, whereas the effect of body dissatisfaction is indirect. The results point out the importance of distinguishing between different symptoms of bulimia. Depression may cause binge eating, but compensatory behavior depends on self-esteem and body image importance. The results suggest that women may turn to both binge eating and restrained eating to escape awareness of negative emotions, whereas men focus on eating to a lesser extent than women. Existing treatment focuses on eating behavior first and mechanisms such as self-esteem and depression second. The results from this study suggest that an earlier focus on self-esteem and depression may be warranted in the treatment of disordered eating. PMID:25574864

Brechan, Inge; Kvalem, Ingela Lundin

2015-04-01

262

Self-esteem and its associated factors among secondary school students in Klang District, Selangor.  

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Self-esteem is an important determinant of psychological well-being that is particularly problematic during adolescent life stage. There is a correlation between low self-esteem and other social problems among today's adolescents. This study was conducted to determine the mean self-esteem score, and to determine the association between self-esteem and age, sex, race, religion, number of siblings, ranking among siblings, family function, parental marital status and smoking among adolescents aged 12 to 20-years-old. A cross sectional study design using random cluster sampling method was done. Four out of a total of 35 secondary schools in Klang District, Selangor were selected. Respondents consisted of individual students in selected classes from the four selected schools. Data was collected using a self-administered, structured, pre-tested questionnaire and was analyzed using the SPSS version 12.0. Out of 1089 respondents, 793 completed the questionnaire (response rate 73.82%). The overall mean self-esteem score was 27.65. The mean self-esteem score for males (27.99) was slightly higher than females (27.31). The differences in the mean scores by race were statistically significant. There was a statistically significant relationship between mean self-esteem scores and sex, age, race, religion, number of siblings, smoking and family function. There was no statistically significant difference between mean self-esteem score with parental marital status and with ranking among siblings. The overall mean self-esteem score was 27.65. Self-esteem was associated with sex, age, race, religion, number of siblings, smoking and family function. PMID:18935727

Sherina, M S; Rampal, L; Loh, J W; Chan, C L; Teh, P C; Tan, P O

2008-03-01

263

Understanding the Different Realities, Experience, and Use of Self-Esteem between Black and White Adolescent Girls  

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African American adolescent females possess higher self-esteem than any other racial or ethnic adolescent female group. This article tests two popular empirically supported explanations for Black high self-esteem: "contingency of self-esteem theory" and the "locus of control model". This article builds on past research to illustrate the specific…

Adams, Portia E.

2010-01-01

264

Dyslexia and Psycho-Social Functioning: An Exploratory Study of the Role of Self-Esteem and Understanding  

Science.gov (United States)

Individuals with dyslexia may have lower self-esteem and exhibit more emotional and behavioural difficulties than those without reading problems. However, the nature of any relationship between self-esteem and psychopathology remains unknown. This exploratory study assessed levels of self-esteem using the "Self-Perception Profile for Children"…

Terras, Melody M.; Thompson, Lucy C.; Minnis, Helen

2009-01-01

265

Competitive Memory Training (COMET) for Treating Low Self-Esteem in Patients with Eating Disorders: A Randomized Clinical Trial  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluates a short stepwise cognitive-behavioral intervention for the treatment of low self-esteem in patients with eating disorders. Competitive memory training (COMET) for low self-esteem is based on insights and findings from experimental psychology. A total of 52 patients with eating disorders and low self-esteem were treated with…

Korrelboom, Kees; de Jong, Martie; Huijbrechts, Irma; Daansen, Peter

2009-01-01

266

Relación entre autoestima y síntomas de dismorfia muscular en varones fisicoconstructivistas / Relationship between self-esteem and symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in male bodybuilders  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los propósitos de este estudio fueron: identificar los síntomas de dismorfia muscular en cuatro grupos de varones, comparar la autoestima entre los grupos con alta, moderada y baja motivación por la musculatura, y evaluar la relación entre dichas variables. La muestra incluyó 295 varones de 15 a 63 [...] años de edad (57 fisico-constructivistas competidores, 40 no competidores, 47 usuarios de gimnasio y 151 sedentarios) quienes contestaron la Escala de Motivación por la Musculatura y la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg. Los resultados indicaron que 43.9% de fisicoconstructivistas competidores, 27.5% de fisicoconstructivistas no competidores, 10.6% de usuarios de gimnasio y 1.3% de sedentarios presentaron síntomas de dismorfia muscular. El análisis de covarianza, controlando la edad, indicó que los participantes con menor autoestima fueron los que puntuaron más alto en motivación por la musculatura, en comparación con los de moderada y baja motivación. Finalmente, se observó una correlación significativa y negativa entre la autoestima y la motivación por la musculatura, sin embargo, estos resultados no revelan si la autoestima es un precursor de la motivación por la musculatura o una consecuencia, por lo que futuros estudios podrían investigar longitudinalmente el rol de la autoestima en el desarrollo de la motivación por la musculatura. Abstract in english The purposes of this study were to identify the symptoms of muscle dysmorphia in four groups of men; compare the self-esteem among groups with high, moderate and low drive for muscularity; and evaluate the relationship between these variables. The sample included 295 men aged 15 to 63 years-old (57 [...] competitors bodybuilders, 40 not competitors, 47 gym users, and 151 sedentary) who answered the Drive for Muscularity Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Results indicated that 43.9% of competitors bodybuilders, 27.5% non-competitors bodybuilders, 10.6% of gym users, and 1.3% of sedentary had symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Covariance analysis, controlling for age, indicated that participants with lower self-esteem were those who scored higher on drive for muscularity, compared with those with moderate and low self-esteem. Finally, there was a significant and negative correlation between self-esteem and drive for muscularity, however, these results do not reveal whether self-esteem is a precursor or a consequence of drive for muscularity, so that future studies could longitudinally investigate the role of self-esteem in the development of drive for muscularity.

María del Consuelo, Escoto Ponce de León; Esteban Jaime, Camacho Ruiz; Georgina Leticia, Alvarez Rayón; Felipe de Jesús, Díaz Resendiz; Alejandra, Morales Ramírez.

2012-06-01

267

Body piercing, tattooing, self-esteem, and body investment in adolescent girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

Postmodern perspectives of body piercing and tattooing interpret these as signifiers of the self and attempts to attain mastery and control over the body in an age of increasing alienation. In this exploratory study, 79 adolescent females, ages 15 to 18 (M = 16.08, SD = 1.36), completed the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI; Coopersmith, 1981), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, 1978), the Body Investment Scale (BIS; Orbach & Mikulincer, 1998), and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI-2; Spielberger, 1996). Analyses revealed that body piercings and tattoos were significantly correlated with trait anger (Angry Reaction subscale scores). A multiple regression analysis indicated that three of the dependent variables (Trait Anger-Reaction, BDI, and Feeling subscale of the BIS) were predictors of the total number of body piercings and tattoos. PMID:12458698

Carroll, Lynne; Anderson, Roxanne

2002-01-01

268

The Prediction of Decision Self Esteem and Decision Making Styles by Mindfulness  

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Full Text Available Aim of this research is to investigate whether mindfulness predict decision self esteem and decision making styles. For this aim the sample consists of 597 university students (323 female and 274 male. Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS (adapted into Turkish by Ozyesil, Arslan, Kesici and Deniz, 2011 and Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire I-II (adapted into Turkish by Deniz, 2004 was used to collect data. The results show that there is a significant negative correlation between mindfulness and Buck passing (r=-.20, p<.001, procrastination (r=-.21, p<.001 and hyper vigilance (r=-.22, p<.001 –subscales of decision making styles-. Also it was found that mindfulness is a significant predictor of decision making styles. According to findings of study, 3.9% of variance in buck passing, 4.6% of variance in procrastination and 4.7% of variance in hyper vigilance –subscales of decision making styles- are explained by mindfulness

M. EnginDeniz

2015-03-01

269

Influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity on oral health related quality of life in patients with partial tooth loss  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

To meaningfully interpret oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) measures, the influence of personality traits must be investigated. Objectives:To investigate and quantify the influence of self-esteem and negative affectivity (NA) on OHRQoL. It was hypothesized that low self-esteem and high NA would be associated with worse OHRQoL.Methods: OHRQoL measured by the Oral Health Impact Profile 49 (OHIP-49), self-esteem measured by the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), NA measured by the Eysenck Personality Inventory Questionnaire (EPI-Q), global oral rating of oral comfort and controlling variables (gender, age, number of teeth, experience of wearing removable dental prostheses (RDP), location of missing teeth and zone of missing teeth) were collected from 81 patients with partial tooth loss, signed in for treatment with RDP. Results:Bivariate analyses showed that the EPI-Q score had the highest correlation with OHIP-49 score ( R = 0.5). Both EPI-Q and RSES score had a stronger correlation with psychosocial items than physical/ functional items of the OHIP-49. In the multivariate analyses, the controlling variables alone explained 17.75% of the variance in OHIP-49 score, while addition of EPI-Q score, RSES score and both EPI-Q and RSES score explained additionally 11.64%, 6.07% and 14.12%, respectively. For each unit increase in EPI-Q score, the OHIP-49 score increased 5.1 units and for each unit increase in RSES score, the OHIP-49 score decreased 1.1. NA was statistically and clinically significantly higher and self-esteem was statistically significantly lower in patients reporting worse oral comfort. Conclusion: NA had the strongest and most clinically meaningful influence, but both NA and self-esteem was found to influence OHRQoL; low self-esteem and high NA was associated with worse OHRQoL. This indicates the possibility to explain some of the impact of tooth loss on OHRQoL based on personality traits.

Øzhayat, Esben Boeskov

2013-01-01

270

Longitudinal association between social capital and self-esteem: A matter of context.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to investigate the longitudinal association between indicators of different components of social capital at the individual, household, and area levels and self-esteem while adjusting for various confounders at multiple levels. Respondents participating in Wave 1 (2009) and 2 (2010) of the Seoul Welfare Panel Study were used in the analysis. The final sample for the current study includes a total of 5127 participants in 2738 households within 25 administrative areas. This study shows that only a small amount of variance in self-esteem was attributed to the area level (7.6%). On the other hand, a relatively large amount of variance in self-esteem was attributed to the household level (52.5%). It has also shown that all individual-level social capital indicators including perceived helpfulness, organizational participation, and volunteer work were positively associated with self-esteem. Among household-level indicators of social capital, only organizational participation was associated with self-esteem. However, none of the area-level social capital indicators were associated with self-esteem. The main finding of the current study suggested that the association between social capital and self-esteem varied depending on both dimensions and levels of social capital indicators. PMID:25660664

Han, Sehee

2015-03-30

271

Relationship between self-esteem and obesity, and some lifestyle factors in employed women  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: In recent years, the increase in obesity worldwide has drawn more attention to its undesirable effects on the people’s physical and psychological health. Studies done on the subject have produced contradictory results on the relation between obesity and self-esteem. The reason could be that individuals with higher self-esteem may have chosen a better lifestyle because they had a higher respect for themselves. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem and BMI and some lifestyle factors in employed women.Materials and Methods: This was a case–control study conducted on 125 obese women 25-45 years of age, with BMI?30 and 125 non- obese employed women from affiliated hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Dietary intake and physical activity, as components of lifestyle, were assessed by semi-quantitative and MET questionnaires, respectively. Self-esteem was assessed by Rosenberg questionnaire.Results: There was a significant difference between the two groups in level of education, economic status, physical activity (p<0.05 and self-esteem (p<0.001. Total energy intake and percentage of energy intake from fat were significantly different between the two groups (p<0.05.Conclusion: Self-esteem was higher in non-obese women. Women with higher self-esteem had a better lifestyle. Attention to psychological aspect of obesity is important in any health promotion program

Mojgan Mirhadi

2012-12-01

272

Age and Race Differences in the Trajectories of Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this research was to assess age- and race-based variation in within-persons changes in self-esteem over a 16-year period. We used hierarchical linear modeling with data from 3,617 adults aged 25 and older who were interviewed up to four times. Self-esteem increased, on average, over the course of the study period. At the same time, significant age variations around this trend were observed, with younger adults experiencing increases in self-esteem and older adults experiencing ...

Shaw, Benjamin A.; Liang, Jersey; Krause, Neal

2010-01-01

273

“How Much Do You Like Your Name?” An Implicit Measure of Global Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

We introduce a single-item implicit measure of global self-esteem. The measure is based on the mere-ownership effect and asks participants to indicate how much they like their name. Six studies attested to the validity of this measure. In addition to showing high test–retest reliability (r = .85), the studies found that Name-Liking was (a) unrelated to impression management, (b) positively related to the Name-Letter-Task, the Self-Esteem IAT, explicit self-esteem measures, and self-reported...

Gebauer, Jochen E.; Riketta, Michael; Broemer, Philip; Maio, Gregory R.

2008-01-01

274

MEASURING SELF-ESTEEM OF DEAF/HARD OF HEARING COLLEGE STUDENTS  

OpenAIRE

This study examines Deaf/hard of hearing college students' implicit and explicit self-esteem, with thirty-six 18 to 21 year old (Age ± SD, 19.4±0.9) subjects. Following are the results of this study: Just as hearing students, Deaf/hard of hearing students also have significant implicit self-esteem effect; none of the observed correlations with explicit esteem is significant for either attributive IAT or the affective IAT; Implicit self-esteem of males is higher than that of females; No sig...

Zheng, Jin

2013-01-01

275

Self-Esteem Depends on the Beholder: Effects of a Subtle Social Value Cue  

OpenAIRE

The idea that self-esteem functions as a gauge or “sociometer” of social value (Leary & Baumeister, 2000) is supported by research on direct social feedback. To examine if the sociometer model is relevant to more subtle social value cues, the implicit self-esteem of women was assessed a week after an interaction with an experimenter. Consistent with the sociometer model, Week 2 self-esteem depended on a subtle social value cue encountered during Week 1. When the Week 1 experimenter wore a...

Weisbuch, Max; Sinclair, Stacey A.; Skorinko, Jeanine L.; Eccleston, Collette P.

2009-01-01

276

Construct Validation of Bachman and Palmer's (1996) Strategic Competence Model over Time in EFL Reading Tests  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports on a large-scale study that aims to validate the theory of strategic competence proposed by Bachman and Palmer (1996) through the use of structural equation modeling (SEM). The present study examines the relationship of test-takers' long-term strategic knowledge (i.e., trait strategies) and actual strategy use (i.e., state…

Phakiti, Aek

2008-01-01

277

Self-presentation 2.0: narcissism and self-esteem on Facebook.  

Science.gov (United States)

Online social networking sites have revealed an entirely new method of self-presentation. This cyber social tool provides a new site of analysis to examine personality and identity. The current study examines how narcissism and self-esteem are manifested on the social networking Web site Facebook.com . Self-esteem and narcissistic personality self-reports were collected from 100 Facebook users at York University. Participant Web pages were also coded based on self-promotional content features. Correlation analyses revealed that individuals higher in narcissism and lower in self-esteem were related to greater online activity as well as some self-promotional content. Gender differences were found to influence the type of self-promotional content presented by individual Facebook users. Implications and future research directions of narcissism and self-esteem on social networking Web sites are discussed. PMID:20712493

Mehdizadeh, Soraya

2010-08-01

278

When ego threats lead to self-regulation failure: negative consequences of high self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

The tendency for people with high self-esteem to make inflated assessments and predictions about themselves carries the risk of making commitments that exceed capabilities, thus leading to failure. Ss chose their performance contingencies in a framework where larger rewards were linked to a greater risk of failure. In the absence of ego threat, Ss with high self-esteem showed superior self-regulation: They set appropriate goals and performed effectively. Ego threat, however, caused Ss with high self-esteem to set inappropriate, risky goals that were beyond their performance capabilities so they ended up with smaller rewards than Ss with low self-esteem. The results indicate the danger of letting egotistical illusions interfere with self-regulation processes. PMID:8421250

Baumeister, R F; Heatherton, T F; Tice, D M

1993-01-01

279

Self-esteem and Academic Success as Influenced by Reading Strategies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed at determining the effect of instruction in cognitive and metacognitive strategies on the students' educational self-esteem and academic performance. 87 students were selected through random sampling. The two first groups were consciously taught about cognitive and metacognitive strategies. All the classes were taught by the same teacher. Pourmoghaddasian’s self-esteem questionnaire (1994 was used to collect the data. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the pre- and post-test mean scores of the students’ self-esteem, their scores in the course, and their academic success in all the three groups. The results of one-way ANOVA revealed that there was no significant difference between the self-esteem measures of those students who were taught congnitive and metacognitive strategies as compared to those taught traditionally. However, there were significant differences between their total scores in the course and their academic success measures.

Eghbal Zarei

2012-01-01

280

Self-Esteem Depends on the Beholder: Effects of a Subtle Social Value Cue.  

Science.gov (United States)

The idea that self-esteem functions as a gauge or "sociometer" of social value (Leary & Baumeister, 2000) is supported by research on direct social feedback. To examine if the sociometer model is relevant to more subtle social value cues, the implicit self-esteem of women was assessed a week after an interaction with an experimenter. Consistent with the sociometer model, Week 2 self-esteem depended on a subtle social value cue encountered during Week 1. When the Week 1 experimenter wore a t-shirt celebrating larger bodies (i.e., "everyBODY is beautiful"), heavier women had higher self-esteem than lighter women in Week 2. As hypothesized, this effect was relationship-specific, occurring only when the same experimenter administered Week 1 and 2 sessions. PMID:20047001

Weisbuch, Max; Sinclair, Stacey A; Skorinko, Jeanine L; Eccleston, Collette P

2009-01-01

281

Ecological correlates of depression and self-esteem in rural youth.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study examines individual-, social-, and school-level characteristics influencing symptoms of depression and self-esteem among a large sample (N = 4,321) of U.S. youth living in two rural counties in the South. Survey data for this sample of middle-school students (Grade 6 to Grade 8) were part of the Rural Adaptation Project. Data were analyzed using ordered logistic regression. Results show that being female, having a low income, and having negative relationships with parents and peers are risk factors that increase the probability of reporting high levels of depressive symptoms and low levels of self-esteem. In contrast, supportive relationships with parents and peers, high religious orientation, ethnic identity, and school satisfaction increased the probability of reporting low levels of depressive symptoms and high levels of self-esteem. There were few school-level characteristics associated with levels of depressive symptoms and self-esteem. Implications are discussed. PMID:24242288

Smokowski, Paul R; Evans, Caroline B R; Cotter, Katie L; Guo, Shenyang

2014-10-01

282

Sexual and contraceptives attitudes, the locus of health control and self-esteem among higher education students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the relationship between sexual and contraceptive attitudes, the locus of health control and self-esteem among students of a private institution of higher education. Methods: Descriptive and correlational study with a quantitative approach, performed in a higher education school in Lisbon, with 152 students, from the 1st to the 4th year of undergraduate courses in Nursing, Physiotherapy, Cardiopneumology and Radiology. As research instrument, it was used a questionnaire with rating scales on ‘sexual attitudes’, ‘contraception attitudes’, ‘locus of health control’ and ‘self-esteem’. The data obtained was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The majority of students (90.7% have already had sexual intercourse. Sexual attitudes were influenced by gender (p=0.0035, but not by the start of sexual activity or by the course’s year (p>0.05. Contraceptive attitudes were related to the year that students attended (p=0.031 and to gender (p=0.029. The external locus of control, on average, was higher among girls (29.2 than boys (30.1. The self-esteem increased with the student’s age (p=0.003. Conclusion: Investment in the area of sexual education is needed in the undergraduate programs, since the young people live their days in the school setting, spending little time with their families. The university should assume a special position in the development of the concept of sexuality based on the holistic perspective of the human being, promoting sexual education as essential in the construction of human identity and fundamental for health promotion doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5020/18061230.2013.p505

José Manuel da Silva Vilelas Janeiro

2014-09-01

283

Self-Esteem, Social Support, Collectivism, and the Thin-Ideal in Latina College Undergraduates  

OpenAIRE

Thin-ideal internalization (TII) reflects agreement that thinness equates with beauty. TII is a risk factor for body dissatisfaction and eating pathology; this phenomenon and its correlates, however, are just beginning to be studied in Latina undergraduates. This study examined the ability of self-esteem, social support, and collectivism to predict TII in Latina undergraduates. It was hypothesized that higher levels of self-esteem, social support, and collectivism would predict lower levels o...

Cordero, Elizabeth D.

2010-01-01

284

Affect and Strategy Use: The Relationship between EFL Learners’ Self-esteem and Language Learning Strategies  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Language Learning Strategies (LLSs) and Global Self-esteem (GSE) among college-level EFL learners. It was also meant to know which strategies are more frequent among learners. One hundred and twenty seven undergraduate students majoring in English at Lorestan University participated in the study. Two questionnaires, i.e. the Oxford’s (1990) Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem...

Amir Asadifard; Reza Biria

2013-01-01

285

Relationship Between Self-Concept, Self-esteem, Anxiety, Depression and Academic Achievement in Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

This study is surveying some of personality characteristics of adolescents and their associations with academic achievement: Accordingly, 1314 randomly allocated students of Tehran’s high schools were assessed by Beck self-concept inventory, Coopersmith self-esteem inventory, Spielberger State-Trait anxiety inventory, Beck depression inventory. Results indicate that self-concept is correlated with self-esteem and these two have positive impacts on augment of academic achievement. More...

Ali Fathi-Ashtiani; Javad Ejei; Mohammad-Karim Khodapanahi; Hamid Tarkhorani

2007-01-01

286

Derogation displayed amongst student degree groups: effects of self-esteem, threat, identification and target group.  

OpenAIRE

Previous studies investigating the role of self-esteem as a predictor and outcome of intergroup behaviour have failed to employ the most apt measure of self-esteem and much work is based around minimal groups and game relevant tests with little evaluative relevance to the participants. This study takes into account previous methodological errors in testing both the Social Identity Theory, as well as examining the existence of the Downward Comparison Theory in derogating lower status out-grou...

Childs, Jessica

2008-01-01

287

Self-esteem Modulates Medial Prefrontal Cortical Responses to Evaluative Social Feedback  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem is a facet of personality that influences perception of social standing and modulates the salience of social acceptance and rejection. As such, self-esteem may bias neural responses to positive and negative social feedback across individuals. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning, participants (n = 42) engaged in a social evaluation task whereby they ostensibly received feedback from peers indicating they were liked or disliked. Results demonstrated that individual...

Somerville, Leah H.; Kelley, William M.; Heatherton, Todd F.

2010-01-01

288

Self-Esteem of Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in Regular and Special Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The study focuses on the self-esteem of deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) students from Slovenia. A total of 80 D/HH students from regular and special primary schools (grades 6-9) and from regular and special secondary schools (grades 1-4) completed the Self-Esteem Questionnaire (Lamovec 1994). For the entire group of D/HH students, the results of…

Lesar, Irena; Smrtnik Vitulic, Helena

2014-01-01

289

Moving the Self-Esteem of People with Epilepsy by Supportive Group: A Clinical Trial  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: People with epilepsy (PWE) face physical and mental illness, and social stigma, which affect their self-esteem and quality of life. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a support group on the self-esteem of PWE. Methods: A Quasi-experimental study was performed on 120 PWE in the Epilepsy Clinic at Srinagarind Hospital.  The experimental group (N=60) attended the support group before receiving regular health care services. The control group (...

Sawangchareon, Kritaya; Pranboon, Sineenard; Tiamkao, Somsak; Sawanyawisuth, Kittisak

2013-01-01

290

Moderating Effects of Resilience, Self-Esteem and Social Support on Adolescents’ Reactions to Violence  

OpenAIRE

This study examined the relation between exposure to violence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of adolescents and the moderator effects of resilience, self-esteem and social support. Measures of exposure to violence, resilience, self-esteem, social support and PTSD symptoms were administered on 280 secondary school adolescents randomly selected from Kwara state, Nigeria. Data were analysed using hierarchical multiple regression. Exposure to violence was positively related to PTSD. The...

Salami, Samuel O.

2010-01-01

291

Comparing the Boys’ and Girls’ Self-esteem in the Less Educated and Educated Families  

OpenAIRE

The education of parents is linked to their children's educational attainment and self-esteem. Educated families’ greater influence in household negotiations may allow securing more resources for children. On the other hand, the first self-perception of children is a complex perception that is derived from others’ reactions. The purpose of this study was to compare the boys’ and girls’ self-esteem in the less educated and educated families. Purposive sampling which is applied in this ...

Soltani Leila; Nili Mohammadreza; Shirani Nahid; Arbabisarjou Azizollah

2013-01-01

292

Collective Self-Esteem as a Coping Resource for Male-to-Female Transsexuals  

OpenAIRE

The fear of experiencing discrimination often provokes symptoms of psychological distress. One coping resource is positive identification with one’s social group—known as collective self-esteem. This preliminary study investigated whether collective self-esteem was related to fears regarding a transsexual identity and psychological distress among 53 self-identified male-to-female transsexuals (mean age = 50.79). Participants were recruited from transgender events held in Arizona and Calif...

Sa?nchez, Francisco J.; Vilain, Eric

2009-01-01

293

Self-esteem of deaf and hard of hearing students in regular and special schools  

OpenAIRE

In the theoretical part of the thesis is clarified the difference between self-concept and self-esteem. Self-concept is defined as a set of relations which the individual establishes on the conscious or unconscious way with oneself. On the other hand, self-esteem represents valuable relationship to oneself. It is clarified how their development is influenced by various factors - family, kindergarten, school, age and gender. The following part defines the characteristics of the deaf, who do...

Humar Slapnik, Barbara

2012-01-01

294

The relationship between the self-esteem and employability attributes of postgraduate business management students  

OpenAIRE

Orientation: The effects of challenges (like decreased employment opportunities, increased personal responsibility to keep up with changes, current skill shortages and of retaining talented and skilled staff) have led to an emphasis on career meta-competencies to improve employability attributes.

Research purpose: The objectives of the study were to determine the relationship between self-esteem (as the Culture Free Self-Esteem...

Ingrid Potgieter

2012-01-01

295

Prevalence of pathological Internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and disinhibition.  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the last few years, there has been increased interest in the addictive potential of the Internet. The current study was an attempt to replicate common findings in the literature and provide more evidence for the existence of Internet addiction among students--a population considered to be especially vulnerable. A total of 371 British students responded to the questionnaire, which included the Pathological Internet Use (PIU) scale, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), a self-esteem scale, and two measures of disinhibition. Results showed that 18.3% of the sample were considered to be pathological Internet users, whose excessive use of the Internet was causing academic, social, and interpersonal problems. Other results showed that pathological Internet users had lower self-esteem and were more socially disinhibited. However, there was no significant difference in GHQ scores. These results are discussed in relation to the methodological shortcomings of research in the area as a whole. PMID:16332167

Niemz, Katie; Griffiths, Mark; Banyard, Phil

2005-12-01

296

Parent-adolescent conflict and depression symptoms of adolescents: mediator role of self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Purpose: The present study examined the direct and indirect relationships between parent-adolescent conflict, self-esteem, and depression symptoms. Method: Participants were 338 (150 male, 188 female adolescents aged between 14–18 attending public high schools. Participants completed a questionnaire that included measures of parent-adolescent conflict, self-esteem, and depression symptoms. Results: Findings provided evidence of direct effects of parent-adolescent conflict on depression symptoms and indirect effects of mother adolescent conflict on depression symptoms through self-esteem. Specifically, results indicated that mother adolescent conflict were positively and directly related to self-esteem, and indirectly related to depression through self-esteem. Parent-adolescent conflict explained 8 of the variance and together parent-adolescent conflict and self-esteem explained 26 of the variance in depression symptoms. Conclusion: Findings of the present study provided evidence for the negative affect of parent-adolescent conflict on adolescents' mental health. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

yalcin ozdemir

2014-01-01

297

Fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com incontinência urinária: estudo longitudinal / Physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with urinary incontinence: a longitudinal study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available A autoestima é uma das variáveis psicológicas mais estudadas e reconhecidas por muitos investigadores, e tem vindo a assumir importância na experiência de vida das pessoas, nos mais variados contextos de vida. A incontinência urinária (IU) nas mulheres, que constitui um problema de Saúde Pública, co [...] m elevada prevalência pode implicar repercussões ao nível da autoestima. Objetivo: investigar os efeitos da fisioterapia na autoestima de mulheres com IU. Métodos: A amostra foi constituída por 157 mulheres com IU de esforço (variando entre 18-80 anos), tendo sido divididas em grupo experimental de fisioterapia (n=100), que realizou um programa de 12 semanas de fisioterapia uroginecológica e grupo de controlo (n=57) que recebeu o seguimento clínico habitual. Antes de cada intervenção e após 12 semanas avaliamos a autoestima através da Escala de Autoestima Global de Rosenberg. As participantes assinaram o termo de consentimento aprovado pelo Comité de Ética do Hospital de São João, Porto, Portugal. Resultados: Constatamos que o programa de fisioterapia uroginecológica aumentou os níveis de autoestima das mulheres (p Abstract in english Self-esteem is one of the psychological variables most studied by researchers and it has been assuming a great importance in the people’s life experience, in the several life contexts. Urinary incontinence (UI) in women constitutes a public health problem, with a high prevalence that may involve rep [...] ercussions on the self-esteem. Aim: Investigate the effects of physiotherapy in self-esteem of women with UI. Methods: The sample consisted in 157 women with stress UI (ranging from 18-80 years), divided into physiotherapy intervention group (n=100), that followed a 12-week of pelvic physiotherapy program and a control group (n=57) that received the routine clinical follow-up. Before each intervention and after 12 weeks, we evaluated the self-esteem by the Rosenberg’s Global Self-Esteem Scale. Participants signed the consent approved by the Hospital São João Ethics Committee, Porto, Portugal. Results: We found that the pelvic physiotherapy program raised the self-esteem levels on the women (p

Rui, Viana; Sara, Viana; Renato, Andrade; Clarinda, Festas; Félix, Neto.

2014-03-01

298

“I Like My Body; Therefore, I Like Myself”: How Body Image Influences Self-Esteem—A Cross-Sectional Study on Italian Adolescents  

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Full Text Available Puberty is a very important process for adolescents. Physiological changes and body modifications lead to great vulnerability. This vulnerability is connected to the adolescent’s perceptions of the uncertainty of outcomes due to the transformation of their infant body into an adult one. This cross-sectional study aims to better understand whether body image perception and satisfaction influence self-esteem in a sample of Italian male and female adolescents. A total of 242 adolescents (120 male and 122 female individuals aged 11 to 17 years (M = 13.33; SD = 1.7 completed the study measures. Quantitative and qualitative instruments were used. In particular, adolescents completed self-report questionnaires to assess their pubertal status (Pubertal Developmental Scale, Peterson, Crockett, Richards, & Boxer, 1988, their body esteem (Body Esteem Scale, Mendelson, Mendelson, & White, 2001, their body image (Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire, Rauste-von Wright, 1989, and their self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg,1965. Adolescent were also invited to depict themselves to assess their body representations by completing the Drawing Me test (Confalonieri, 2011. Results from MANOVAs confirm that gender and age are two factors that influence body image perception and satisfaction. SEM analyses show that good self-esteem is reached through good body satisfaction following different trajectories in male and female individuals. Data from adolescents’ body representations obtained via drawings confirm that females are more concerned about their body changes and about the appearance of secondary sexual features than males. This research, stressing the influence of various individual factors and highlighting the psychological distress and dissatisfaction of adolescents, especially females, confirms the importance of studying this topic in order to generate preventive measures to help adolescents through this developmental task.

Elena Gatti

2014-05-01

299

The effects of self-esteem and ego threat on interpersonal appraisals of men and women: a naturalistic study.  

Science.gov (United States)

A naturalistic study examined the effects of self-esteem and threats to the self on interpersonal appraisals. Self-esteem scores, ego threat (operationalized as a substantial decrease in self-esteem across an average of 9 months), and their interaction were used to predict likability and personality perceptions of college men and women. The results revealed a curvilinear function explaining likability: Moderate to low self-esteem men and women were higher in likability when threatened, whereas high self-esteem men were seen as less likable when threatened. Personality ratings indicated that high self-esteem men and women who were threatened were rated highest on Antagonism (i.e., fake, arrogant, unfriendly, rude, and uncooperative). Mediational analyses revealed that differences in Antagonism statistically accounted for differences in likability. These patterns are interpreted with respect to gender and time in interpersonal perceptions as well as naturalistic versus laboratory investigations. PMID:15189578

Vohs, Kathleen D; Heatherton, Todd F

2003-11-01

300

Individual differences in neural responses to social rejection: the joint effect of self-esteem and attentional control  

OpenAIRE

Individuals with low self-esteem have been found to react more negatively to signs of interpersonal rejection than those with high self-esteem. However, previous research has found that individual differences in attentional control can attenuate negative reactions to social rejection among vulnerable, low self-esteem individuals. The current fMRI study sought to elucidate the neurobiological substrate of this buffering effect. We hypothesized and found that while looking at scenes of social r...

Gyurak, Anett; Hooker, Christine I.; Miyakawa, Asako; Verosky, Sara; Luerssen, Anna; Ayduk, O?zlem N.

2011-01-01

301

Reactions to perceived fairness: The impact of mortality salience and self-esteem on ratings of negative affect  

OpenAIRE

In correspondence with terror management theory, the findings of two experiments show that reminders of death lead to stronger effects of perceived fairness on ratings of negative affect. Furthermore, in line with the theory''s self-esteem mechanism, results of Experiment 1 suggest that state self-esteem may mediate this relationship between mortality salience and fairness. In further correspondence with the self-esteem mechanism, findings of Experiment 2 reveal that introducing an activity (...

Bos, K. Den

2001-01-01

302

Mean-level change and intraindividual variability in self-esteem and depression among high-risk children  

OpenAIRE

This study investigated mean-level changes and intraindividual variability of self-esteem among maltreated (n=142) and nonmaltreated (n=109) school-aged children from low-income families. Longitudinal factor analysis revealed higher temporal stability of self-esteem among maltreated children compared to nonmaltreated children. Cross-domain latent growth curve models indicated that nonmaltreated children showed higher initial levels and greater increases in self-esteem than maltreated children...

Kim, Jungmeen; Cicchetti, Dante

2009-01-01

303

Effect of Supportive Nursing Care on Self Esteem of Patients Receiving Electroconvulsive Therapy: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Self-esteem is an important potential indicator in etiology, diagnosis and treatment of patients with severe mental illness. ECT is a popular treatment for these patients that can effect on their self-esteem and reinforce their problems. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of supportive nursing care in increasing self esteem of patients receiving ECT. Methods: This clinical trial was conducted in the Baharan psychiatric hospital of Zahedan. A t...

Hossein Ebrahimi; Ali Navidian; Roghaieh Keykha

2014-01-01

304

Self-Esteem as a Mediator between Personality Traits and Body Esteem: Path Analyses across Gender and Race/Ethnicity  

OpenAIRE

Prior literature examines the direct relationship between personality traits and body esteem. This article explores the possibility that self-esteem mediates this relationship. 165 undergraduate women and 133 men (age 18–21; 42.6% Hispanic, 28.9% Asian, 28.5% Caucasian) completed items measuring personality traits (Big Five), self-esteem, and body esteem. Path analyses were used to test for mediation. The analyses confirmed that in both men and women self-esteem mediated the relationship be...

Skorek, Ma?gorzata; Song, Anna V.; Dunham, Yarrow

2014-01-01

305

A social work study on relationship between thinking styles, self-esteem and socio-economic conditions among university students  

OpenAIRE

This paper presents a social work study on relationship between thinking style and self-esteem as well as socio-economic conditions among university students. The study selects 512 students from Islamic Azad University of Najafabad in province of Esfahan, Iran and distributes a questionnaire, which measures creativity and self-esteem. We also collect students’ socio-economic conditions and analyze the information. The results of our survey disclose that thinking style and self-esteem have o...

Sahar Mirghobad Khodarahmi; Abbass Mokhtari

2013-01-01

306

The effects of indwelling voice prosthesis on the quality of life, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem in patients with total laryngectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to evaluate the effects of voice rehabilitation with indwelling voice prosthesis on quality of life, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, and sexual functions in laryngectomy patients. Provox-1™ was applied to 30 patients who underwent total laryngectomy by opening a tracheoesophageal fistula. WHO Quality of Life-BREF, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Arizona Sexual Experience Scale forms were asked to be filled out by the patients before voice prosthesis application. These tests were asked to be filled out again 3 months later after the voice prosthesis application. Paired samples and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare before and after operation values. Indwelling voice prosthesis was found to improve quality of life, self-esteem, and sexual function (p < 0.05). Additionally, symptoms of depression and anxiety were regressed (p < 0.05). Indwelling voice prosthesis was found to especially increase the quality of life and decrease depression (p < 0.05). This study is an uncontrolled single-arm study comparing patients' psychosocial statuses pre- and post-voice prosthesis. PMID:25326899

Polat, Beldan; Orhan, Kadir Serkan; Kesimli, Mustafa Caner; Gorgulu, Yasemin; Ulusan, Murat; Deger, Kemal

2014-10-19

307

Autoestima y Trastornos de Personalidad de lo Lineal a lo Complejo / Self-esteem and Personality Disorders From linearity to complexity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La relación entre autoestima y psicopatología es compleja. Mediante el RSS (Rosenberg) y otras escalas (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) hallamos, en 100 pacientes con Trastorno de Personalidad, una media de autoestima de 20,48 (D.T = 5,54), inferior a otras muestras clínicas y a la población general. E [...] ncontramos un "cluster" de autoestima positiva en los rasgos narcisistas e histriónicos; y otro "cluster" de autoestima negativa en los rasgos límites, autodestructivos, fóbico-evitativos, esquizotípicos, pasivo-agresivos y esquizoides (TB ? 85 en el MCMI-II). La apertura a criterios de estabilidad, congruencia e integración con otros procesos permite una comprensión más fecunda del constructo en el ámbito de los Trastornos de Personalidad. Abstract in english The relationship between self-esteem and psychopathology is complex. Using the RSS (Rosenberg) and other scales (SCL90-R, BDI, ISRA, MCMI-II) we found, in 100 personality disorder patients, an average self-esteem of 20.48 (S.D. = 5.54), less than in other patients and the general public. A cluster o [...] f positive self-esteem made of narcissistic and histrionic traits was found. Another cluster of negative self-esteem is formed by borderline, self-destructive, phobic, schizotypal, passive-aggressive and schizoid traits (TB ? 85 in MCMI-II). By opening research up to criteria of stability, consistency and integration, with other processes, we can gain a more fruitful understanding of personality disorders.

Juan Manuel, Ramos Martín.

2012-07-01

308

A Research on Professional Self-Esteem of Physical Education and Sports Teachers That Work in Primary and Secondary Education Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim of this research is to analyze whether professional self-esteem of physical and sports teachers that work in primary andsecondary schools vary in terms of some variables.A total of 312 physical and sports teachers (75 female, 237 male teachers out of 485 physical and sports teachers that workin primary and secondary schools (Province, District and Village of Hatay Provincial Directorate of National Education haveparticipated in the research. In order to determine professional self-esteem of the participants, personal information formdeveloped by the researchers and “Scale of Professional Self-Esteem” developed by Ar?cak (1999 have been used. Professionalself-esteem levels of teachers have been compared in terms of their genders, ages, marital status, place of work (province,district, village, professional service period, number of children and types of schools, in which they work (primary, secondaryeducation.SPSS 16.0 statistics package software has been used for calculation and evaluation of the obtained data. The data has beensummarized in percentages (% and frequency tables. Test of normality for the data has been performed through One–SampleKolmogorov–Simirnov test and it is assumed that the data shows normal distribution. Therefore, the data has been analyzedfrom parametric tests through independent sample-t test and One Way ANOVA. In this study, error level has been accepted as0.05.It is observed that there is a statistically significant difference between female teachers and male teachers when professionalself-esteem scores of the teachers are compared in terms of their genders (P0.05.Solution of problems experienced by physical and sports teachers, who have positive effects on students, with regard totheir professional lives may increase professional self-esteem of these teachers in order to meet the expectations in relation toeducation and to bring up an ideal young generation.

Ali Temiz

309

The role of self-image concerns in discrepancies between implicit and explicit self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Four experiments examined the hypothesis that individuals who hold discrepant implicit and explicit self-esteem possess relatively strong self-image concerns. As a result, they may act irrationally when expressing sexual health attitudes. In support of the hypothesis, Experiments 1a and 1b demonstrate that large self-esteem discrepancy participants possess strong implicit self-image ambivalence relative to small self-esteem discrepancy participants. In Experiments 2 and 3, participants who varied in self-esteem discrepancies received either negative or positive (or no) feedback on an intelligence test, and then they were given an opportunity to express implicit and explicit attitudes toward condoms. Large self-esteem discrepancy participants who received a self-threat responded irrationally and expressed relatively strong negative implicit (but not explicit) attitudes toward condoms. However, this detrimental effect was completely reversed following a self-affirmation to large discrepancy participants. The implicit and explicit attitudes toward condoms of small discrepancy participants were unaffected by a self-threat or a self-affirmation. PMID:22854789

Laws, Valerie L; Rivera, Luis M

2012-11-01

310

Self-esteem modulates medial prefrontal cortical responses to evaluative social feedback.  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem is a facet of personality that influences perception of social standing and modulates the salience of social acceptance and rejection. As such, self-esteem may bias neural responses to positive and negative social feedback across individuals. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning, participants (n = 42) engaged in a social evaluation task whereby they ostensibly received feedback from peers indicating they were liked or disliked. Results demonstrated that individuals with low self-esteem believed that they received less positive feedback from others and showed enhanced activity to positive versus negative social feedback in the ventral anterior cingulate cortex/medial prefrontal cortex (vACC/mPFC). By contrast, vACC/mPFC activity was insensitive to positive versus negative feedback in individuals with high self-esteem, and these individuals consistently overestimated the amount of positive feedback received from peers. Voxelwise analyses supported these findings; lower self-esteem predicted a linear increase in vACC/mPFC response to positive versus negative social feedback. Taken together, the present findings propose a functional role for the vACC/mPFC in representing the salience of social feedback and shaping perceptions of relative social standing. PMID:20351022

Somerville, Leah H; Kelley, William M; Heatherton, Todd F

2010-12-01

311

STUDY ON THE CORRELATION BETWEEN SELF-ESTEEM, PHYSICAL CAPACITY OF EFFORT AND THE SOMATOMETRIC PARAMETERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Self-esteem is the result of the analogy between self-concept and self-image; the latter is formed by the self-perception of the physical, emotional, cognitive, social, etc characteristics. This paper treats the correlation between self-esteem and physical capacity from the perspective that each social actor communicates with the environment through the body and that the body represents the instrument of social image elaboration, thus facilitating self-knowledge and the knowledge of the others. It actually represents the reflection of the beliefs that have always made up the general opinion. The specialized literature ascribes to the body the role of “mediator” in the relationship with the self, with the environment and with the others. Within an interaction, the dialogue partners give much importance to the non-verbal language, which transmits information that will bring advantages or disadvantages to the result of the communication. Kinaesthesia has a fundamental role in the body language and that is why the investigative approach is oriented toward the identification of a reciprocity relationship between physical capacity and self-esteem (with all its components. In this sense, based on the research outcomes, we can talk about the elements influencing the well-being of the social actors, about the correlation between the level of physical performance and self-esteem, between the last variable and the somatometric indices, as an element providing information on self-perception. A high self-esteem favours the development of human potential.

Trofin Petrut Florin

2013-12-01

312

Salespeople's Renqing Orientation, Self-esteem, and Selling Behaviors: An Empirical Study in Taiwan.  

Science.gov (United States)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how salespeople's renqing orientation and self-esteem jointly affect their selling behavior. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data were obtained from a survey of salespeople from 17 pharmaceutical and consumer-goods companies in Taiwan (n = 216). FINDINGS: Salespeople's renqing orientation (i.e., their propensity to adhere to the accepted norm of reciprocity) compensates the negative effect of self-esteem on their selling behaviors, such as adaptive selling and hard work. IMPLICATIONS: Our study results underscore the critical role of the character trait of renqing orientation in a culture emphasizing a norm of reciprocity. Therefore, it would be useful to consider a strategy of recruiting salespeople with either a high self-esteem or a combination of high renqing orientation and low self-esteem. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The existing literature of industrial/organizational psychology and marketing primarily relies on constructs that are derived from Western cultural contexts. However, the present paper extended these literatures by investigating the possible joint effects of self-esteem with a trait originated from the Chinese culture on salespeople's selling behaviors. PMID:19498950

Tsai, Ming-Hong; Chi, Shu-Cheng Steve; Hu, Hsiu-Hua

2009-06-01

313

Wheelchair dancing and self-esteem in adolescents with physical disabilities  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with physical disabilities are prone to experience lowered self-esteem which can result in negative consequences for the individual as well as the community. It has been found that dancing may have positive emotional, social and developmental consequences. AIM: The aim of t [...] his study was to determine the influence of wheelchair dancing on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities. METHODS: Twenty-four participants were involved in this quantitative study. A before-and-after experimental study design was used which included a control group. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain information from the participants. The experimental group participated in wheelchair dancing, while the control group did not. RESULTS: A difference between the two groups was observed with 72.7% of the intervention group displaying an increase in self-esteem, compared to 54.6% of the control group. Improved self-esteem manifested in, for example, an improvement in eye contact and sense of responsibility. CONCLUSION: The researchers concluded that wheelchair dancing may have a positive influence on the self-esteem of adolescents with physical disabilities.

Danette, de Villiers; FC, van Rooyen; M, Comm; V, Beck; Y, Calitz; T, Erwee; C, Engelbrecht; E, Odendaal; L, Roothman; L, van Eeden.

2013-08-01

314

Social categorization, self-esteem, and the estimated musical preferences of male adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors investigated the intergroup processes of male adolescents within the context of social identity theory (SIT; H. Tajfel, 1978; H. Tajfel & J. C. Turner, 1979). The participants were English male adolescents (age = 14-15 years). They estimated in-group and out-group musical preferences and evaluated the in-group and out-group along a series of scales. The results showed in-group favoritism effects along the musical preference and evaluative dimensions. The participants reported greater liking for the in-group. Compared with the out-group, they associated the in-group more with positively stereotyped music and less with negatively stereotyped music. Compared with the out-group, they rated the in-group as more fun, more masculine, more sporty, less boring, less snobbish, and less weird. The participants with lower levels of self-esteem showed greater differentiation between groups and greater derogation of the out-group. The results supported the predictions of SIT and demonstrated the applicability of SIT for the study of adolescent behavior. PMID:11758036

Tarrant, M; North, A C; Hargreaves, D J

2001-10-01

315

What's in a name: implicit self-esteem and the automatic self.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores the links between implicit self-esteem and the automatic self (D. L. Paulhus, 1993). Across 4 studies, name letter evaluations were positively biased, confirming that implicit self-esteem is generally positive (A. G. Greenwald & M. R. Banaji, 1995). Study 1 found that this name letter bias was stable over a 4-week period. Study 2 found that positive bias for name letters and positive bias for birth date numbers were correlated and that both biases became inhibited when participants were induced to respond in a deliberative manner. Studies 3-4 found that implicit self-evaluations corresponded with self-reported self-evaluations, but only when participants were evaluating themselves very quickly (Study 3) or under cognitive load (Study 4). Together, these findings support the notion that implicit self-esteem phenomena are driven by self-evaluations that are activated automatically and without conscious self-reflection. PMID:11316229

Koole, S L; Dijksterhuis, A; van Knippenberg, A

2001-04-01

316

Looking again, and harder, for a link between low self-esteem and aggression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent field studies have revived the hypothesis that low self-esteem causes aggression. Accordingly, we reanalyzed the data from a previous experiment and conducted a new experiment to study direct physical aggression in the form of blasting a fellow participant with aversive noise. We also conducted a field study using a measure of indirect aggression in the form of a consequential negative evaluation. High narcissists were more aggressive than others but only when provoked by insult or humiliation and only toward the source of criticism. The combination of high self-esteem and high narcissism produced the highest levels of aggression. These results support the view of aggression as stemming from threatened egotism and are inconsistent with the hypothesis that low self-esteem causes either direct or indirect aggression. PMID:19192074

Bushman, Brad J; Baumeister, Roy F; Thomaes, Sander; Ryu, Ehri; Begeer, Sander; West, Stephen G

2009-04-01

317

Perceiving Racial/Ethnic Disadvantage and Its Consequences for Self-Esteem among Asian-Americans  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study is the first to test experimentally (vs. correlationally whether perceiving racial/ethnic disadvantageleads to lower self-esteem among Asian-Americans. We manipulated perceived disadvantage by havingAsian-American college students recall and write about experiences in which they were personallydisadvantaged because of their race/ethnicity, and examined the effects of perceiving disadvantage on variousoutcome measures, including racial/ethnic identity, racial/ethnic salience (the number of ethnic identitiesparticipants listed on the Twenty Statements Test, and self-esteem. Consistent with experimental research withother racial/ethnic minority groups in the United States, the self-esteem of Asian-Americans was unharmed byrecalling and describing past incidents of racially-based disadvantage.

Julie Spencer-Rodgers

2014-05-01

318

Preocupación por la apariencia física y alteraciones emocionales en mujeres con trastornos alimentarios con autoestima baja / Body shape concern and emotional disturbances in women with eating disorders and low self-esteem  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar las diferencias de edad, estado nutricional (Índice de Masa Corporal o IMC), ansiedad, depresión e insatisfacción corporal en pacientes con trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA.), con una autoestima baja, media y alta. Además, intentamos distingu [...] ir las discrepancias entre el estado nutricional real y el estado nutricional deseado. Se evaluaron un total de 146 mujeres con TCA (Anorexia nerviosa y Bulimia nerviosa según el DSM-IV-TR). Los cuestionarios utilizados fueron el Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), el Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) y la Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). Los resultados reflejan diferencias significativas entre los tres subtipos de pacientes de baja, media y alta autoestima en cuanto a la ansiedad, depresión, insatisfacción corporal, IMC deseado y la relación dentro de IMC real y el IMC deseado. Estos hallazgos indican que las mujeres de baja autoestima presentan altos niveles en insatisfacción corporal, ansiedad y depresión en comparación con los otros grupos. Además, los pacientes con TCA con baja autoestima mostraban un mayor IMC deseado. Sugerimos que se incluyan técnicas de autoestima en la prevención y el tratamiento relacionados con programas de TCA para disminuir los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to investigate differences in age, nutritional state (Body Mass Index or BMI), anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction in eating disorder (ED) patients with low, medium and high self-esteem. We also attempted to identify discrepancies between the real and desire [...] d nutritional state. A total of 146 women with EDs (anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa; DSM-IV-TR criteria) were evaluated. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) were used as measurement instruments. The results showed significant differences between the low, medium and high self-esteem patients regarding anxiety, depression, body dissatisfaction, desired BMI and the relationship between real and desired BMI. The women with low self-esteem presented higher levels of anxiety, depression and body dissatisfaction than the other groups. Furthermore, ED patients with low self-esteem have a stronger desire to achieve their ideal BMI. We suggest including self-esteem techniques in ED prevention and treatment programs in order to decrease anxiety and depression symptoms.

Ruth, Asuero Fernández; María Luisa, Avargues Navarro; Beatriz, Martín Monzón; Mercedes, Borda Mas.

2012-08-01

319

The Development of Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem in Pharmacy Students Based on Experiential Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This doctoral thesis contributes to the literature on self-efficacy and self-esteem and the relationship to a student's school, age, gender, ethnicity, GPA, paid and introductory pharmacy practice experiences in a Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) program. Graduates with a high level of self-efficacy and self-esteem are more desirable as…

Yorra, Mark L.

2012-01-01

320

An Investigation into the Effect of Certain Selected Variables on the Self-Esteem of a Group of Student Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes an investigation into the effect of certain selected variables upon the self-esteem of 157 student teachers at the Faculty of Education, the University of Birmingham. Subjects were administered two specially constructed questionnaires to measure their self-esteem, the Eysenck Personality Inventory, and a third questionnaire to elicit…

Doherty, J.; Parker, Kay

1977-01-01

321

Perceptions of Childhood Family of Origin Well-Being, Self-Esteem, and Attitudes toward the Divorced Single Mother.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined contributions of perceptions regarding family of origin well-being and self-esteem to college students' attitudes toward divorced single mothers. Found that perceptions of family of origin well-being predicted attitudes toward divorced single mothers, but family type and self-esteem did not. The amount of interaction with single-parent…

Burke, Susan; And Others

1996-01-01

322

Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Study of Adolescent Students in England and the United States  

Science.gov (United States)

Utilizing mixed methodology, this paper investigates the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement for young adolescents within two Western cultural contexts: the United States and England. Quantitative and qualitative data from 86 North American and 86 British adolescents were utilized to examine the links between self-esteem and…

Booth, Margaret Zoller; Gerard, Jean M.

2011-01-01

323

The Longitudinal Interplay of Adolescents' Self-Esteem and Body Image: A Conditional Autoregressive Latent Trajectory Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Self-esteem and body image are central to coping successfully with the developmental challenges of adolescence. However, the current knowledge surrounding self-esteem and body image is fraught with controversy. This study attempts to clarify some of them by addressing three questions: (1) Are the intraindividual developmental trajectories of…

Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Maiano, Christophe; Marsh, Herbert W.; Janosz, Michel; Nagengast, Benjamin

2011-01-01

324

Anxiety, Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem in Spanish Families with Blind Children. A Change in Psychological Adjustment?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the relation between levels of anxiety, self-esteem and subjective psychological well-being is analyzed in a Spanish sample of 28 fathers and 33 mothers of blind children. The results reveal a positive correlation between subjective psychological well-being and self-esteem, and a negative correlation between anxiety and subjective…

Sola-Carmona, Juan Jesus; Lopez-Liria, Remedios; Padilla-Gongora, David; Daza, Maria Teresa; Sanchez-Alcoba, Manuel Alejandro

2013-01-01

325

Self-Esteem Development across the Life Span: A Longitudinal Study with a Large Sample from Germany  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors examined the development of self-esteem across the life span. Data came from a German longitudinal study with 3 assessments across 4 years of a sample of 2,509 individuals ages 14 to 89 years. The self-esteem measure used showed strong measurement invariance across assessments and birth cohorts. Latent growth curve analyses indicated…

Orth, Ulrich; Maes, Jürgen; Schmitt, Manfred

2015-01-01

326

Is Low Self-Esteem a Risk Factor for Depression? Findings from a Longitudinal Study of Mexican-Origin Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the relation between low self-esteem and depression using longitudinal data from a sample of 674 Mexican-origin early adolescents who were assessed at age 10 and 12 years. Results supported the vulnerability model, which states that low self-esteem is a prospective risk factor for depression. Moreover, results suggested that the…

Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W.; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D.

2014-01-01

327

Structural Relations of Personal and Collective Self-Esteem to Subjective Well-Being: Attachment as Moderator  

Science.gov (United States)

A model indicating that the relationship between collective self-esteem and indicators of subjective well-being, happiness and life satisfaction, was mediated by personal self-esteem was tested by structural equation modeling. The model, including all participants, fitted well to the data. The results suggested that the relationship of collective…

Simsek, Omer Faruk

2013-01-01

328

Anxiety and Self-Esteem as Mediators of the Relation between Family Communication and Indecisiveness in Adolescence  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we explored the unique and common contributions of anxiety, self-esteem, and family communication on indecisiveness among adolescents. Three hundred and fifty pupils from 13 to 16 years of age completed self-report measures on indecisiveness, quality of family communication, trait anxiety, and self-esteem. The findings in this study…

Lo Cascio, Valentina; Guzzo, Giovanni; Pace, Francesco; Pace, Ugo

2013-01-01

329

The Relationship between Self-Esteem and AD/HD Characteristics in the Serious Juvenile Delinquents in Japan  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to clarify the following 2 points: (1) whether self-esteem changes after correctional education, and (2) whether attention deficit/hyperactivity characteristics affect self-esteem. The subjects were 118 juveniles (all males) admitted to "A" juvenile correctional facility. Our findings indicated that during the…

Matsuura, Naomi; Hashimoto, Toshiaki; Toichi, Motomi

2009-01-01

330

A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health  

Science.gov (United States)

The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem

Yigiter, Korkmaz

2014-01-01

331

The Self-Esteem of Adolescents in American Public High Schools: A Multilevel Analysis of Individual Differences.  

Science.gov (United States)

A total of 219 schools and 13,022 students from a database of secondary schools and students in the United States were sampled. Analysis of the data revealed that school social climate and several student characteristics predicted student self-esteem and that variability of student self-esteem was greater in southern than northern schools. (BC)

Bekhuis, Tanja C. H. M.

1994-01-01

332

The Relation between Self Esteem Levels and Life Quality Levels of Disabled and Non-Disabled Tennis Sportsmen  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was carried out to determine the self-esteem and life quality levels of disabled and non-disabled tennis sportsmen; and also to set forth the relation between their self-esteem and life quality levels. The research group consists of total 44 sportsmen including 22 disabled tennis sportsmen (n[subscript (female)]=9, n[subscript…

Civan, Adem

2015-01-01

333

Self-Concept Clarity and Religious Orientations: Prediction of Purpose in Life and Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

The present study concerns the relationship between self-concept clarity, religiosity, and well-being, as well as the mediating influence of religiosity on the relationship between self-concept clarity and sense of meaning in life and self-esteem. Self-concept clarity was found to be a significant predictor of sense of meaning in life and self-esteem; intrinsic religious orientation was found to be a predictor of sense of meaning in life, while the quest religious orientation was a predictor ...

B?az?ek, Magdalena; Besta, Tomasz

2010-01-01

334

Impact of pediatric burn camps on participants’ self esteem and body image: An empirical study.  

OpenAIRE

Objective: This study focuses on possible effects of specialized summer camps on young burn survivors’ self esteem and body image. Method: Quantitative as well as qualitative measures was used. To study possible effects, a pretest–posttest comparison group design with a follow-up was employed. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure self esteem and body image in a burn camp group (n = 83, 8–18 years) and in a comparison group of children with burns who did not att...

Bakker, A.; Heijden, P. G. M.; Son, M. J. M.; Schoot, A. G. J.; Loey, N. E.

2011-01-01

335

Salience of rape affects self-esteem: the moderating role of gender and rape myth acceptance  

OpenAIRE

In two experiments, conducted in Germany and the U.S.A., it was found that exposure to a rape report lowered self-esteem and positive affect in women who do not accept ''rape myths'' (stereotypical beliefs which blame the victim and exonerate the rapist; Burt, 1980). Men high in rape myth acceptance (RMA) showed an increase in positive affect and self-esteem as a function of exposure to rape; men low in RMA and women high in RMA were largely unaffected. Both experiments demonstrated that thes...

Bohner, Gerd; Weisbrod, Christina; Raymond, Paula; Barzvi, Alexandra; Schwarz, Norbert

1993-01-01

336

Academic underachievement, self-esteem and self-efficacy in decision making  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between decision making styles, self-esteem and self-beliefs about decision- making ability and the differences linked to academic performance. A sample of 100 students split into two groups aged 15-16 years and 17-18 years participated in the study. All subjects compiled the Multidimensional Self-esteem Test (T.M.A. – Bracken, 1993) for the evaluation of academic success and competence of environmental control and How I Make my Choic...

Pina Filippello; Luana Sorrenti; Rosalba Larcan; Amelia Rizzo

2014-01-01

337

Mindfulness-based stress reduction: Does mindfulness training affect competence based self-esteem and burnout?  

OpenAIRE

Competence based self-esteem (CBSE) refers to a disposition where an individual strives for self-worth by achievements to compensate a low basic self-esteem (BSE). This kind of self-attitude is linked to burnout. The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of an 8-week mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention on self-ratings of CBSE, BSE, burnout and mindfulness. Four MBSR groups were enrolled and a total sample comprised 29 participants. Results of repeated measures ANO...

Rajama?ki, Suvi

2011-01-01

338

Improve students' self-esteem through Re-learning in Reading and Writing  

OpenAIRE

When students’ fail in their reading and writing development it also affects their self-esteem and self-confidence. Too many students in Sweden fail in literacy development and therefore don’t reach the goal stated in the curriculum. Their future education will not be what students had wished, instead they are more or less forced to enter an individual program at high school or quit after nine year in compulsory school. Many of these students have low self-esteem and self-confidence and t...

Swa?rd, Ann-katrin

2012-01-01

339

Depression and its Correlation with Self-esteem and Social Support among Iranian University Students  

OpenAIRE

"nObjective: Considering the effects of the level of social support and self-esteem as risk factors in the onset and continuation of depression, the purpose of the current study (in addition to studying the demographic items of depression) was to investigate the correlation between depression and level of social support and self-esteem in Iranian university students studying non medical majors. "nMethod: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive-analytic research carried out on the students...

Amir Rezaei Ardani; Mohammad Reza Fayyazi; fatemeh Behdani; Ali Talaei

2009-01-01

340

Early Acceleration of Mathematics Students and its Effect on Growth in Self-esteem: A Longitudinal Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) database was employed to examine the educational practice of early acceleration of students of mathematics on the development of their self-esteem across the entire secondary grade levels. Students were classified into three different academic categories (gifted, honors, and regular). Results indicated that, in terms of the development of their self-esteem, gifted students benefited from early acceleration, honors students neither benefited nor were harmed by early acceleration, and regular students were harmed by early acceleration. Early acceleration in mathematics promoted significant growth in self-esteem among gifted male students and among gifted, honors, and regular minority students. When students were accelerated, schools showed similar average growth in self-esteem among gifted students and regular students and a large effect of general support for mathematics on the average growth in self-esteem among honors students.

Ma, Xin

2002-11-01

341

Ethnic Self-Esteem and Intergroup Attitudes Among the Estonian Majority and the non-Estonian Minority  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study was focussed on the relationships between ethnic self-esteem and various indicators of intergroup attitudes in a representative sample of adult population of Estonia (N=1142. Attitudinal variables that discriminated most between persons with high and low ethnic self-esteem were identified. Among Estonians ethnic self-esteem was related to positive ingroup bias, readiness for outgroup contact, perceived threat from the outgroup, attitudes to non-Estonian minority, and attitudes toward minority integration. Among non-Estonians ethnic self-esteem was related to readiness for outgroup contact, ethnic sterotypes, and various attitudes towards minority integration. An attempt was made to reconstruct the system of intergroup attidues of prototypical persons with high and low ethnic selfesteem and to describe psychological implications of high and low ethnic self-esteem for members of majority and minority groups. Various theoretical models (social identity theory, integrated threat theory, social dominane theory were used for interpretation of the results.

Maaris Raudsepp

2009-11-01

342

Consumo de alcohol y autoestima en adolescentes Consumo de álcool e autoestima em adolescentes Alcohol consumption and self esteem in adolescents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la relación entre el nivel de autoestima y el consumo de alcohol en los adolescentes, a través de la realización de un estudio descriptivo transversal, en una facultad de enfermería en la ciudad de Querétaro, en México, en el mes de julio de 2008, en una muestra de 109 adolescentes, entre 17 y 20 años. Para la obtención de los datos fueron aplicados dos instrumentos: AUDIT y Cuestionario de autoestima de Rosemberg. La mayoría de los adolescentes participantes tuvieron la autoestima elevada (94.5%, ninguno presentó autoestima baja. El 80.7% de los adolescentes del estudio no tiene riesgo de consumo de alcohol. Se concluye que la mayoría de los adolescentes presentaron una elevada autoestima y tuvieron riesgo bajo de consumo de alcohol. Por lo que se sugiere implementar programas preventivos con respecto al consumo de alcohol y factores protectores a fin de que los adolescentes continúen con un estilo de vida saludable.O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a relação entre o nível de autoestima e o consumo de álcool em adolescentes, através da realização de estudo descritivo transversal, em uma faculdade de enfermagem de Queretaro, México, no mês de julho de 2008, com amostra de 109 adolescentes, entre 17 e 20 anos. Para obtenção dos dados, foram aplicados dois instrumentos, o AUDIT e o questionário de autoestima de Rosemberg. A maioría dos adolescentes participantes tinha autoestima elevada (94,5%, nenhum apresentou baixa autoestima. Nesta amostra, 80,7% dos adolescentes não possui risco para consumo de álcool. Conclui-se que os adolescentes apresentaram elevada autoestima e baixo risco para o consumo de álcool. Portanto, é necessário implementar programas preventivos relacionados ao consumo de álcool e identificar os fatores protetores para garantir a manutenção de hábitos saudáveis pelos adolescentes.The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of levels of self esteem and alcohol consumption in adolescents, by carrying out a transversal, descriptive study, in a college of nursing of Queretaro in Mexico, in the month of July 2008, with a sample of 109 adolescents, between 17 and 20 years old. For attainment of the data two instruments were applied: AUDIT and the Rosemberg self esteem scale. The majority of the participating adolescents had high self esteem (94.5% and none presented low self esteem. Of the adolescents in the study 80.7% did not consume alcohol hazardously. It was concluded that the adolescents presented high self esteem and low alcohol consumption. Therefore, it is necessary to implement preventive programs related to alcohol consumption and to identify the protective factors to guarantee the maintenance of healthy habits for the adolescents.

Alicia Álvarez Aguirre

2010-06-01

343

Self-esteem as a mediator between personality traits and body esteem: path analyses across gender and race/ethnicity.  

Science.gov (United States)

Prior literature examines the direct relationship between personality traits and body esteem. This article explores the possibility that self-esteem mediates this relationship. 165 undergraduate women and 133 men (age 18-21; 42.6% Hispanic, 28.9% Asian, 28.5% Caucasian) completed items measuring personality traits (Big Five), self-esteem, and body esteem. Path analyses were used to test for mediation. The analyses confirmed that in both men and women self-esteem mediated the relationship between three personality traits and body esteem: higher levels of conscientiousness, emotional stability, and extraversion were associated with higher self-esteem and consequently higher body esteem. Once self-esteem was included in the model the relationships between personality traits and body esteem were not significant, suggesting full mediation. In addition, the analyses revealed several racial/ethnic differences. In Asian American participants, self-esteem mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and body esteem and between emotional stability and body esteem. In Hispanic Americans, self-esteem mediated the relationship between conscientiousness and body esteem and between extraversion and body esteem. And in Caucasian Americans, self-esteem mediated the relationship between emotional stability and body esteem and between extraversion and body esteem. The most important contribution of this study is evidence for an indirect relationship between personality traits and body esteem, with this relationship being mediated by self-esteem. This has important implications for the study of personality and eating disorders in young adults, most particularly implying a need for more emphasis on self-esteem as a predictor of body image problems. PMID:25375238

Skorek, Ma?gorzata; Song, Anna V; Dunham, Yarrow

2014-01-01

344

A 10-Day Developmental Voyage: Converging Evidence from Three Studies Showing that Self-Esteem May Be Elevated and Maintained without Negative Outcomes  

Science.gov (United States)

Empirical evidence shows that educational experiences in the context of the outdoors lead to elevated self-esteem. Although elevated self-esteem is widely assumed to promote beneficial outcomes, recent evidence suggests that elevated self-esteem may also facilitate a variety of negative outcomes (i.e., increased prejudice, aggression, drug and…

Kafka, S.; Hunter, J. A.; Hayhurst, J.; Boyes, M.; Thomson, R. L.; Clarke, H.; Grocott, A. M.; Stringer, M.; O'Brien, K. S.

2012-01-01

345

Psychological Impact of Negotiating Two Cultures: Latino Coping and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Among 96 Latino adults, active coping accounted for variance in global self-esteem beyond that of biculturalism and sociodemographic indicators. The findings highlight the importance of accounting for the way Latino adults approach negotiating multiple cultural contexts. Extending acculturation research to integrate competence-based formulations…

Torres, Lucas; Rollock, David

2009-01-01

346

Body Image and Self-Esteem among Adolescent Girls: Testing the Influence of Sociocultural Factors  

Science.gov (United States)

In Western cultures, girls' self-esteem declines substantially during middle adolescence, with changes in body image proposed as a possible explanation. Body image develops in the context of sociocultural factors, such as unrealistic media images of female beauty. In a study of 136 U.K. girls aged 11-16, experimental exposure to either ultra-thin…

Clay, Daniel; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Dittmar, Helga

2005-01-01

347

Relation of Threatened Egotism to Violence and Aggression: The Dark Side of High Self-Esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

An interdisciplinary review of evidence about aggression, crime, and violence contradicts the view that low self-esteem is an important cause of violence. Instead, it appears that violence is most often the result of threatened egotism--highly favorable views of self that are disputed by some person or circumstance. (SLD)

Baumeister, Roy F.; And Others

1996-01-01

348

Attributional Retraining, Self-Esteem, and the Job Interview: Benefits and Risks for College Student Employment  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an attributional retraining program for helping upper-level undergraduates perform better in employment interviews as moderated by self-esteem levels. The sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students preparing for actual job interviews who were randomly assigned to an attributional…

Hall, Nathan C.; Jackson Gradt, Shannan E.; Goetz, Thomas; Musu-Gillette, Lauren E.

2011-01-01

349

Parental behavioral and psychological control relationships to self-esteem, life satisfaction, depression, and antisocial behaviors  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between parental behavioral control, psychological control and self-esteem, life satisfaction, antisocial behaviors and depression among Turkish adolescents. Participants for the present study consisted of 333 adolescents (168 girls, 163 boys between the age of 13 to 15 with a mean of 13.90 (SD=.514 years. Participants completed measures on behavioral control, psychological control and self-esteem, life satisfaction, antisocial behaviors and depression. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that behavioral control positively predicted life satisfaction, self-esteem, and negatively predicted antisocial behaviors and depression. Psychological control was significantly and positively predicted antisocial behaviors and depression, negatively predicted life satisfaction. Present study provided evidence for the role of behavioral and psychological control in adolescents’ self-esteem, life satisfaction, depression and antisocial behaviors. Also, findings underscore the role of differential associations of parental behavioral and psychological control with the well-being and ill-being of adolescents. Findings were discussed in terms of implications for parent education programs and family intervention program.

Yalç?n Özdemir

2012-11-01

350

Doing Gender for Different Reasons: Why Gender Conformity Positively and Negatively Predicts Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

Past research has shown that valuing gender conformity is associated with both positive and negative consequences for self-esteem and positive affect. The current research (women, n= 226; men, n= 175) explored these conflicting findings by separating out investing in societal gender ideals from personally valuing one's gender identity ("private…

Good, Jessica J.; Sanchez, Diana T.

2010-01-01

351

Associations among Adolescent Risk Behaviours and Self-Esteem in Six Domains  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: This study investigated associations among adolescents' self-esteem in 6 domains (peers, school, family, sports/athletics, body image and global self-worth) and risk behaviours related to substance use, bullying, suicidality and sexuality. Method: A multistage stratified sampling strategy was used to select a representative sample of…

Wild, Lauren G.; Flisher, Alan J.; Bhana, Arvin; Lombard, Carl

2004-01-01

352

An Exploration of Nonresident Parents' Financial Provision and Children's Self-Esteem in a Chinese Context  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the relationship between the making of financial provision by nonresident parents and children's self-esteem in a Chinese context. It is found that the relationship depends much on the dynamics of the nonresident parents' participation in other areas of family relationships, such as parental conflict. As this is an exploratory…

Lau, Yuk-king

2004-01-01

353

Adolescents in Postdivorce and Always-Married Families: Self-Esteem and Perceptions of Fathers' Interest.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes investigation exploring relationships between adolescents' reports of fathers' interest in them, fathers' interest in adolescent relative to a sibling, and adolescent self-esteem in postdivorce, mother-headed families and two-parent, always-married families. Suggests adolescents with low-interest and differentially interested fathers had…

Clark, Jennifer; Barber, Bonnie L.

1994-01-01

354

Self-Esteem in Pure Bullies and Bully/Victims: A Longitudinal Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Past research on the self-esteem of bullies has produced equivocal results. Recent studies have suggested that the inconsistent findings may be due, in part, to the failure to account for bully/victims: those children who both bully and are victims of bullying. In this longitudinal study, we examined the distinctions among pure bullies, pure…

Pollastri, Alisha R.; Cardemil,, Esteban V.; O'Donnell, Ellen H.

2010-01-01

355

Development of Self-Esteem and Relationship Satisfaction in Couples: Two Longitudinal Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the effects of self-esteem development on the development of relationship satisfaction in 2 samples of couples. Study 1 used data from both partners of 885 couples assessed 5 times over 12 years, and Study 2 used data from both partners of 6,116 couples assessed 3 times over 15 years. The pattern of results was similar across the 2…

Erol, Ruth Yasemin; Orth, Ulrich

2014-01-01

356

Changes in Self-Esteem across the First Year in College: The Role of Achievement Goals  

Science.gov (United States)

This longitudinal study examined the effects of achievement goals on the growth trajectories of self-esteem during the first-year at a comprehensive public university. College freshmen (N = 311) were followed for one academic year with three time points. Between-individual differences and within-individual change in achievement goals were…

Shim, Sungok Serena; Ryan, Allison M.; Cassady, Jerrell

2012-01-01

357

Self-Esteem and Self-Concept Examination among Gifted Students with ADHD  

Science.gov (United States)

Intellectually gifted students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) face unique academic and social challenges, yet little research has been conducted with this population. The purpose of this study was to examine the self-esteem and self-concept of intellectually gifted children with and without a coexisting diagnosis of ADHD.…

Foley-Nicpon, Megan; Rickels, Heather; Assouline, Susan G.; Richards, Allison

2012-01-01

358

Ethnic School Segregation and Self-Esteem: The Role of Teacher-Pupil Relationships  

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The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants…

Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet

2012-01-01

359

Education, Ethnic Identity, and Acculturation as Predictors of Self-Esteem in Latino Adolescents  

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This study examines the self-esteem, acculturation, and ethnic identity of 150 Latino adolescents enrolled in either a bilingual or traditional education program. Bilingual education programs were established to ensure that academic failure was not the product of limited English proficiency. Grade point average (GPA), acculturation, and ethnic…

Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A.; DeLucia-Waack, Janice L.

2009-01-01

360

Materialistic Values among Chinese Adolescents: Effects of Parental Rejection and Self-Esteem  

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Background: Materialistic values among today's adolescents have been a concern around the world, yet few studies concerning Chinese adolescents' materialistic values have been conducted. Additionally, the joint effects of parental rejection and self-esteem on materialistic values remain unclear. Objective: We examined materialistic…

Fu, Xinyuan; Kou, Yu; Yang, Ying

2015-01-01

361

The Adverse Impact of Racial Microaggressions on College Students' Self-Esteem  

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Racial microaggressions are subtle (often unintentional or unconscious) forms of racial discrimination that negatively affect victims' mental health. Utilizing an undergraduate student sample (N = 225), the current study examined the relationship between racial microaggressions and self-esteem. Results indicate that racial microaggressions…

Nadal, Kevin L.; Wong, Yinglee; Griffin, Katie E.; Davidoff, Kristin; Sriken, Julie

2014-01-01

362

Effects of Self-Esteem and Narcissism on Bullying and Victimization during Early Adolescence  

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The current study investigates the longitudinal association, across a 1-year period, between self-esteem and narcissism with bullying and peer victimization. The sample consisted of 1,416 (50.1% girls) Greek Cypriot early adolescents ("M" age = 12.89) who completed a battery of self-report measures. The small correlation found between…

Fanti, Kostas A.; Henrich, Christopher C.

2015-01-01

363

Self-Esteem and Delinquency in South Korean Adolescents: Latent Growth Modeling  

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This study examined the inter-related development of self-esteem and delinquency across three years. Participants were 3449 Korean high school adolescents (age M = 15.8, SD = 0.42, 1725 boys, 1724 girls) from Korea Youth Panel Study (KYPS), in 2005-2007, nationally representative of Korean adolescents. Latent growth modeling was employed for…

Lee, Kyungeun; Lee, Julie

2012-01-01

364

The Effect of Automatic Thoughts on Hopelessness: Role of Self-Esteem as a Mediator  

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The purpose of this study is to test a theoretical model concerning the role of self-esteem as a mediator between university students' automatic thoughts and their levels of hopelessness. The participants consisted of 338 students (197 females (58.3%) and 141 males (41.7%) from various departments at the Celal Bayar University. The research…

Cakar, Firdevs Savi

2014-01-01

365

School-Based Extracurricular Activity Involvement and Adolescent Self-Esteem: A Growth-Curve Analysis  

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Research on adolescent self-esteem indicates that adolescence is a time in which individuals experience important changes in their physical, cognitive, and social identities. Prior research suggests that there is a positive relationship between an adolescent's participation in structured extracurricular activities and well-being in a variety of…

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.; Hagewen, Kellie J.

2011-01-01

366

Labelling and Self-Esteem: The Impact of Using Specific vs. Generic Labels  

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The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between being labelled either as having dyslexia or as having general special educational needs (SEN) and a child's self-esteem. Seventy-five children aged between 8 and 15 years categorised as having dyslexia (N = 26), as having general SEN (N = 26) or as having no learning difficulties (N…

Taylor, Laura Marie; Hume, Ian Robert; Welsh, Nikki

2010-01-01

367

Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Discrimination: An Examination of Coping Strategies, Social Support, and Self-Esteem  

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The research examined (a) girls' responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls' reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls ("M" = 16.3…

Ayres, Melanie M.; Leaper, Campbell

2013-01-01

368

Attachment, Self-Esteem and Test Anxiety in Adolescence and Early Adulthood  

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The purpose of this study was to assess how attachment dimensions (anxiety and avoidance), self-esteem, and three subscales of test anxiety--cognitive obstruction, social derogation and tenseness are related in two age groups: adolescents and college students. Participants (N?=?327) completed relevant questionnaires. Results showed that college…

Dan, Orrie; Bar Ilan, Omrit; Kurman, Jenny

2014-01-01

369

Classroom Management and Students' Self-Esteem: Creating Positive Classrooms  

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Middle school students experience substantial changes in their emotion and cognition while they grow. They have mixed feelings, which may negatively affect their motivation, self-esteem, and academic success due to different classroom management strategies of their teachers. There is available research about motivation of middle school students…

Demirdag, Seyithan

2015-01-01

370

Concurrent and Longitudinal Predictors of Self-Esteem in Elementary and Middle School Girls  

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Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of factors related to self-esteem, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally, among 2 cohorts of girls over a period of 4 years, from elementary through middle school. Methods: A multiethnic sample of 656 elementary school girls recruited from 13 schools in Hayward, CA, and Tucson,…

Kutob, Randa M.; Senf, Janet H.; Crago, Marjorie; Shisslak, Catherine M.

2010-01-01

371

Body Image, Self-Esteem and Depression in Female Adolescent College Students  

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Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine whether Body Mass Index (BMI) and the subjective perception of body weight, and body shape satisfaction predict level of self-esteem and depression among female college students. Method: The sample comprised of 124 female college students ranging in age from 16-21 years. Self perception of…

Latha, K. S.; Hegde, Supriya; Bhat, S. M.; Sharma, P. S. V. N.; Rai, Pooja

2006-01-01

372

Influence of Social and Family Contexts on Self-Esteem of Latino Youth  

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The study presented here examines the influence of social and family contexts on the self-esteem of Mexican (n = 287), Mexican American (n = 558), and Puerto Rican (n = 212) children. Using data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth, tests of a longitudinal path model show significant social and family effects on the cognitive…

Schmitz, Mark F.

2006-01-01

373

Social Connectedness, Self-Esteem, and Depression Symptomatology among Collegiate Athletes versus Nonathletes  

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Objective: The authors compared collegiate athletes and nonathletes to see whether there were significant differences in the perceived levels of social connectedness, self-esteem, and depression and if an interaction among the variables of athlete status, gender, GPA, BMI, and levels of weekly exercise and sleep were associated with depression…

Armstrong, Shelley; Oomen-Early, Jody

2009-01-01

374

The Effect of Recreational Activities on Self-Esteem Development of Girls in Adolescence  

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This study aimed to investigate the effect of recreational activities on self-esteem development of girls in adolescence. For this purpose, a total of 20 girls in adolescence period took part in the present study. Recreational activities program included bowling, patenga, orienteering, basketball, volleyball, badminton, ping-pong, dance, fun…

Bayazit, Betül

2014-01-01

375

The Impact of Parent-Child Attachment on Aggression, Social Stress and Self-Esteem  

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This study examined the impact of the quality of parent-child attachment on aggression, social stress, and self-esteem in a clinical sample of 91 boys with disruptive behaviour disorders ranging from 8 to 12 years of age. These boys were included in the study if they were found to exhibit various aggressive and antisocial behaviours such as…

Ooi, Yoon Phaik; Ang, Rebecca P.; Fung, Daniel S. S.; Wong, Geraldine; Cai, Yiming

2006-01-01

376

Depression and College Stress among University Undergraduates: Do Mattering and Self-Esteem Make a Difference?  

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Depression and college stress, major concerns among undergraduates, are potentially related to self-esteem and mattering. This study investigated the interrelationships among these four variables. Participants included college students (199 males and 256 females) between the ages of 18 and 23. Significant sex differences were found with women…

Dixon, Sarah K.; Kurpius, Sharon E. Robinson

2008-01-01

377

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs and Navajo Students' Struggle for Self Esteem.  

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Maslow's theory of a hierarchy of needs is used to analyze Navajo youths' struggles for identity, fulfillment, and self-esteem. Answers to the challenges of substance abuse, violence, and gang membership are offered based upon George Bearden's eight-step plan, which stresses the importance of understanding human needs to perceive and transform…

Walker, Kay

1996-01-01

378

Components of Self-Esteem of Children from a Deprived Cross-Cultural Background.  

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Surveyed 100 Filipino children from deprived cross-cultural background. Found that aspects of self tapped by Western self-esteem instruments (attitudes toward friends, family, school) were considered important. Other things (food, money, clothes) rated important by respondents were largely ignored by Western instruments, suggesting that such…

Watkins, David

1988-01-01

379

Why Do People Need Self-Esteem? A Theoretical and Empirical Review  

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Terror management theory (TMT; J. Greenberg, T. Pyszczynski, & S. Solomon, 1986) posits that people are motivated to pursue positive self-evaluations because self-esteem provides a buffer against the omnipresent potential for anxiety engendered by the uniquely human awareness of mortality. Empirical evidence relevant to the theory is reviewed…

Pyszczynsi, Tom; Greenberg, Jeff; Solomon, Sheldon; Arndt, Jamie; Schimel, Jeff

2004-01-01

380

Streaming and Students’ Self-Esteem: A Qualitative Study on Teachers’ Correspondence Bias  

OpenAIRE

This  study  was  aimed  to  investigate  the  effect  of  students’ streaming  practice  in  Malaysian  secondary  on  students’  self-esteem  through teachers’ expectancy.   17 teachers and 20 students from art and science streams of secondary schools  in  Penang,  Malaysia  were  participated  in  this  study.  Unstructured interviews  were  used  on  teachers  to  collect  the  qualitative  data  of  teachers’ expectancy.  The  participatin...

Prihadi Kususanto Chin Sook Fui

2013-01-01

381

Auto-Photography as Research Practice: Identity and Self-Esteem Research  

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This paper explores auto-photography as a form of research practice in the area of identity and self-esteem research. It allows researchers to capture and articulate the ways identity guides human action and thought. It involves the generation and examination of the static images that participants themselves believe best represent them.…

Noland, Carey M.

2006-01-01

382

Trumping Shame by Blasts of Noise: Narcissism, Self-Esteem, Shame, and Aggression in Young Adolescents  

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This experiment tested how self-views influence shame-induced aggression. One hundred and sixty-three young adolescents (M = 12.2 years) completed measures of narcissism and self-esteem. They lost to an ostensible opponent on a competitive task. In the shame condition, they were told that their opponent was bad, and they saw their own name at the…

Thomaes, Sander; Bushman, Brad J.; Stegge, Hedy; Olthof, Tjeert

2008-01-01

383

Attachment and Self-Esteem Issues in the Lives of Female College Students.  

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Female identity is centered on interconnectedness, and it is often based on a secure attachment with the family. This study addressed the relationship between attachment and self-esteem in African American and White female college students. The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) was used to assess the cognitive or…

Evans, Karlin S.

384

Academic underachievement, self-esteem and self-efficacy in decision making  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between decision making styles, self-esteem and self-beliefs about decision- making ability and the differences linked to academic performance. A sample of 100 students split into two groups aged 15-16 years and 17-18 years participated in the study. All subjects compiled the Multidimensional Self-esteem Test (T.M.A. – Bracken, 1993 for the evaluation of academic success and competence of environmental control and How I Make my Choices (H.M.C. – Filippello et al., 2011, a structured interview, specifically designed to measure decision-making styles in two different contexts (school context vs. social context and decision-making self-efficacy (Low vs. High Self-efficacy in making decisions.The exploratory factor analysis reflects the theorized construction. Age and gender differences were found. Furthermore, as expected, low academic performance was associated with lower self-esteem, lower decision-making self-efficacy and more dysfunctional decision-making styles. Students with a high  academic performance, instead, showed higher self-esteem, higher decision-making self-efficacy and more functional decision-making styles.Data encourages the use of H.M.C., not only in the research of personality but also for educational and counseling purposes.

Pina Filippello

2014-01-01

385

Self-Esteem as a Moderator between Perceived Discrimination and Psychological Distress among Women  

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The relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress was investigated within a social comparison theory framework. Predictions of a variant of social comparison theory--relative deprivation theory--as well as predictions from the stress-buffering literature pertaining to the moderating effects of self-esteem were tested…

Corning, Alexandra F.

2002-01-01

386

Auto-estima e fatores associados em gestantes da cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Self-esteem and associated factors in pregnant women in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil  

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Full Text Available O estudo tem como objetivo mensurar a auto-estima e fatores associados em gestantes atendidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS na cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. É do tipo transversal, tendo-se entrevistado 560 gestantes nos meses de maio a novembro de 2006, nos ambulatórios e enfermarias dos hospitais universitários e do centro de atendimento da Prefeitura Municipal. Dentre as gestantes atendidas, 62,9% receberam o diagnóstico de alto-risco. Para avaliação da auto-estima foi utilizada a escala de Rosenberg. Na amostra total a média de pontos na escala foi de 9,2 e o desvio-padrão de 4,6. As variáveis associadas positiva e significativamente com auto-estima foram idade, nível de escolaridade e nível econômico. Já as variáveis percepção de risco à saúde do bebê e número de gestações mostraram-se associadas negativamente à auto-estima. Além disso, as gestantes com condição gestacional de alto-risco têm uma auto-estima mais elevada quando comparadas com as de baixo-risco.This study analyzes self-esteem and associated factors in pregnant women treated by the Unified National Health System (SUS in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Using a cross-sectional design, 560 pregnant women were interviewed from May to November 2006. The interviews were held in specific locations like University outpatient clinics and hospital wards and a center run by the city government. A full 62.9% were diagnosed as high-risk pregnancies. Mean self-esteem according to the Rosenberg scale was 9.2 (SD = 4.6. Variables showing a positive, significant association with self-esteem were age, schooling, and income. Perception of risk to the unborn infant's health and parity were both negatively associated with maternal self-esteem. These high-risk pregnant women also showed higher self-esteem than low-risk pregnant women.

Michelle de Souza Dias

2008-12-01

387

Self-esteem, social support perception and seizure controllability perception in adolescents with epilepsy / Autoestima, percepção de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade de crises em adolescentes com epilepsia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar a autoestima de adolescentes com epilepsia e adolescentes sem epilepsia e relacioná-la com percepção de suporte social e controlabilidade de crises. MÉTODO: A amostra do estudo consiste: grupo caso (34 sujeitos) atendidos no ambulatório de epilepsia infantil do Hospital Universitá [...] rio e grupo controle (30 indivíduos) de escolas públicas de Campinas-SP. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: cartão de identificação com dados demográficos e de epilepsia, entrevista semiestruturada sobre os aspectos da doença e Escala Multidimensional de autoestima. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos, mas a maioria dos adolescentes com epilepsia apresentou maior pontuação de autoestima, conhecimento sobre epilepsia, altos níveis de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises. Não houve relação significativa entre suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises com a autoestima. CONCLUSÃO: Conhecimento sobre a epilepsia, percepção de apoio social assim como boa controlabilidade de crises parecem ser contingências importantes para uma melhor avaliação da autoestima em adolescentes com epilepsia. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Compare the self-esteem of adolescents with epilepsy and adolescents without epilepsy and relate it to social support and seizure controllability perception. METHOD: The study sample consisted: case participants (34 subjects) attending the pediatric epilepsy clinic of University Hospital [...] and control participants (30 subjects) from public schools in Campinas-SP. The instruments utilized were: identification card with demographic and epilepsy data, a semi-structured interview on aspects of the disease, and a Self-Esteem Multidimensional Scale. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups but majority of adolescents with epilepsy presented higher self esteem rate, have knowledge about epilepsy, presented high levels of social support and seizure controllability perception. There was no significant relationship between social support and seizure controllability perception with self-esteem. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about epilepsy, social support such good controllability seizure perception seem are important contingencies for a better evaluation of self esteem in adolescents with epilepsy.

Nathália F., Siqueira; Marilisa Mantovani, Guerreiro; Elisabete Abib Pedroso de, Souza.

2011-10-01

388

Self-esteem, social support perception and seizure controllability perception in adolescents with epilepsy Autoestima, percepção de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade de crises em adolescentes com epilepsia  

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Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Compare the self-esteem of adolescents with epilepsy and adolescents without epilepsy and relate it to social support and seizure controllability perception. METHOD: The study sample consisted: case participants (34 subjects attending the pediatric epilepsy clinic of University Hospital and control participants (30 subjects from public schools in Campinas-SP. The instruments utilized were: identification card with demographic and epilepsy data, a semi-structured interview on aspects of the disease, and a Self-Esteem Multidimensional Scale. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the two groups but majority of adolescents with epilepsy presented higher self esteem rate, have knowledge about epilepsy, presented high levels of social support and seizure controllability perception. There was no significant relationship between social support and seizure controllability perception with self-esteem. CONCLUSION: Knowledge about epilepsy, social support such good controllability seizure perception seem are important contingencies for a better evaluation of self esteem in adolescents with epilepsy.OBJETIVO: Comparar a autoestima de adolescentes com epilepsia e adolescentes sem epilepsia e relacioná-la com percepção de suporte social e controlabilidade de crises. MÉTODO: A amostra do estudo consiste: grupo caso (34 sujeitos atendidos no ambulatório de epilepsia infantil do Hospital Universitário e grupo controle (30 indivíduos de escolas públicas de Campinas-SP. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: cartão de identificação com dados demográficos e de epilepsia, entrevista semiestruturada sobre os aspectos da doença e Escala Multidimensional de autoestima. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os dois grupos, mas a maioria dos adolescentes com epilepsia apresentou maior pontuação de autoestima, conhecimento sobre epilepsia, altos níveis de suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises. Não houve relação significativa entre suporte social e percepção de controlabilidade das crises com a autoestima. CONCLUSÃO: Conhecimento sobre a epilepsia, percepção de apoio social assim como boa controlabilidade de crises parecem ser contingências importantes para uma melhor avaliação da autoestima em adolescentes com epilepsia.

Nathália F. Siqueira

2011-10-01

389

Self-esteem in Greek Dialysis Patients: the Contribution of Health Locus of Control  

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Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-latin;} Introduction. Chronic kidney disease is a permanent condition which requires renal replacement therapy (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, or transplantation to maintain life. The present study aimed to investigate the association of self-esteem with health locus of control in dialysis patients. Materials and Methods. A sample of 144 patients was recruited from 3 General Hospitals in the broader area of Athens, consisting of 84 patients undergoing in-center hemodialysis and 60 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Measurements were conducted with the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument, in which self-esteem is addressed by 1 item, and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control inventory. Results. The results indicated that self-esteem had a significant positive association with internal health locus of control.  Self-esteem was also inversely related to the dimension of important others measured by the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control inventory. Conclusions. Findings of this study provide evidence that there is a strong relation between self-esteem and health locus of control in dialysis patients.

Paraskevi Theofilou

2012-03-01

390

Self Esteem and Organizational Commitment Among Health Information Management Staff in Tertiary Care Hospitals in Tehran  

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Full Text Available Background: Self esteem (SE and organizational commitment (OC? have significant impact on the quality of work life. Aim: This study aims to gain a better understanding of the relationships between SE and OC among health information management staff in ?tertiary care ?hospitals in Tehran (Iran. Methods: This was a descriptive correlational and cross sectional study conducted on the health information management staff of ?tertiary care ?hospitals in Tehran, Iran. A total of 155 participants were randomly selected from 400 staff. Data were collected by two standard questionnaires. The SE and OC was measured using Eysenck SE scale and Meyer and Allen's three component model, respectively. The collected data were analyzed with the SPSS (version 16 using statistical tests of of independent T-test, Pearson Correlation coefficient, one way ANOVA and F tests. Results: The OC and SE of the employees' were 67.8?, out of ??120 (weak and ?21.0 ??out of ??30 (moderate, respectively. The values for ??affective commitment, normative commitment, and continuance ??commitment were respectively 21.3 out of 40 (moderate??, 23.9 ?????out of 40 (moderate, and 22.7 out of 40 (moderate. The Pearson correlation coefficient test showed a significant OC and SE was statistically significant (P<0.05. The one way ANOVA test (P<0.05 did not show any significant difference between educational degree and work experience with SE and OC. Conclusion: This research showed that SE and OC ?are moderate. SE and OC have strong correlation with turnover, critical thinking, job satisfaction, and individual and organizational improvement. Therefore, applying appropriate human resource policies is crucial to reinforce these measures.

Farahnaz Sadoughi

2014-09-01

391

Do women feel worse to look their best? Testing the relationship between self-esteem and fertility status across the menstrual cycle.  

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Two studies measured self-esteem across the menstrual cycle to test the prediction that self-esteem will vary interindividually as a positive function of mate value and intraindividually as a negative function of fertility status. Study 1 (n = 52) found that self-esteem was positively related to mate value between women but that women experienced a self-esteem decrease nearest to ovulation, when women tend to be more attractive to men. Study 2 (n = 59) replicated these results and demonstrated that the self-esteem decrease at high fertility was positively related to women's reported long-term mating motivation. Additionally, the magnitude of the self-esteem decrease at high fertility was found to be related to increased willingness to spend money on items to enhance attractiveness at high fertility. A self-esteem decrease at high fertility may motivate mate value enhancement efforts when such efforts are most critical. PMID:19762716

Hill, Sarah E; Durante, Kristina M

2009-12-01

392

The relationship of self-esteem, impulsivity and temperament in bipolar patients: is it differentially related to gender?  

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Results: A moderate inverse relation was found between impulsivity and self-esteem. This relation was stronger in women than men. Impulsivity was found to be moderately related with depressive and anxious temparements and strongly related with cyclothymic and irritable temparements. There was no relation between impulsivity and hyperthymic temperament. A moderate level relation was found between self-esteem and hyperthymic temperament. This relation was stronger in men than women. Conclusion: Self-esteem, impulsivity and temperament are differentially related to gender in bipolar patients.

sermin kesebir

2014-01-01

393

Peer Acceptance Protects Global Self-esteem from Negative Effects of Low Closeness to Parents During Adolescence and Early Adulthood  

OpenAIRE

Having a distant relationship with parents seems to increase the risk of developing a more negative global self-esteem. This article describes a longitudinal study of 1,090 Norwegian adolescents from the age of 13–23 (54 % males) that explored whether peer acceptance can act as a moderator and protect global self-esteem against the negative effects of experiencing low closeness in relationships with parents. A quadratic latent growth curve for global self-esteem with closeness to parents an...

Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Breivik, Kyrre; Wold, Bente

2013-01-01

394

The effect of positive group psychotherapy on self-esteem and state anger among adolescents at korean immigrant churches.  

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The aim of the current study was to describe participants' experiences and examine the effects of group therapy on self-esteem and state anger among the adolescent children of immigrants in the US. A quasi-experimental design and qualitative and quantitative methods were used. Group therapy was conducted for 8weeks. Thirty-three adolescents took part in the study. Quantitative results revealed that group therapy improved self-esteem (t=2.222. pcommunication skills, the forgiveness of others, and the management of anger. Furthermore, group therapy utilizing positive psychology strategies improved self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and communication skills. PMID:25858203

Lee, Eun Jin

2015-04-01

395

Questioning Academic Success through Self-regulation, Self-esteem and Attitude in Foreign Language Learning (A Case Study  

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Full Text Available The present study investigates the relationship between self-regulation, self-esteem, attitude and foreign language achievement (FLA. The research was conducted with 383 students from Gaziantep University Higher School of Foreign Languages. The data were collected through a modified questionnaire adapted from three different questionnaires. The statistical results showed that there was a positive relationship between self-regulation and foreign language achievement (r= .319 p >.01, self-esteem and foreign language achievement (r= .404 p >.01, and attitude and foreign language achievement (r=.425 p >.01. Moreover, when self-regulation, self-esteem and attitude came together, a statistically significant positive relationship with foreign language success was observed (r= .540 p >.01. Self-regulation, self-esteem and attitude in relation to academic success have been analyzed together for the first time in this study.

Filiz Yalç?n T?lfarl?o?lu

2014-11-01

396

Effectiveness of competitive activity of high class hockey players accounting a level of their self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Purpose : study the effect of increasing the level of self-esteem on the efficiency of competitive activity of high class players. Material : the study involved sixteen athletes (Atlanta, Moscow region. - Continental Hockey League. Results : it was found that the application of special training self-esteem increases the level of implementation of technical and tactical action games. Number of goals increased by 8.92%, assists - 21.5%, the total number of shots on goal - to 20.02%. Conclusions : it is recommended specialized program correction level of self-esteem from 10 separate studies. Classes have different target setting: habit forming positive attitudes towards themselves, develop skills of active life position, securing high self-esteem. The program is used for two weeks in the preparatory period of training.

Mikhnov A.P.

2015-02-01

397

Perfectionism, perceived weight status, and self-esteem interact to predict bulimic symptoms: a model of bulimic symptom development.  

Science.gov (United States)

An interactive model of perfectionism, perceived weight status, and self-esteem was tested on 342 female undergraduates to predict bulimic symptoms. Using a longitudinal design, the authors tested the model on data collected at 2 points: the spring of participants' senior year of high school and during participants' first year of college. The authors hypothesized and found that self-esteem moderates the interaction between perfectionism and perceived weight status in predicting bulimic symptoms. Women who are high in perfectionism and who consider themselves overweight exhibit bulimic symptoms only if they have low self-esteem (i.e., if they doubt they can attain their high body standards). High self-esteem women with the same diathesis-stress conditions are less likely to exhibit bulimic symptoms. These findings clarify the role of perfectionism in bulimic symptomatology. PMID:10609434

Vohs, K D; Bardone, A M; Joiner, T E; Abramson, L Y; Heatherton, T F

1999-11-01

398

Self-Esteem and Academic Performance of 4th Graders in two Elementary Schools in Kingston and St. Andrew, Jamaica  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 2005, 62% of pupils who sat the 4th grade literacy and numeracy examination attained mastery, which increased to 67% in 2009 from 50% in 2001. No study has examined the role of self-esteem on the academic performance of Jamaican 4th graders. The main objectives were, 1 evaluate the influence of selfesteem on academic performance, 2 determine factors that account for changes in self-esteem, and 3 examine factors of academic performance. The sample for this research was one hundred and twenty (120 respondents. Multiple repression techniques were conducted to identify variables explaining performance, with self-esteem being among the variables. A p-value ?0.10 was used to indicate statistical significance. There is a positive correlation between self-esteem and academic performance (rs = 0.611, p<0.0001. Four variables emerged as statistical significant factors of self-esteem-academic performance, age of respondents, gender and parental behaviour, which explain 64.4% of the variability in self-esteem. Boys had a lower self-esteem (b = -3.911 than their female counterparts. Self-esteem is the most influential factor that account for academic performance. Of the nine variables used, four emerged as explaining academic performance, which explained 73.6% of the variability in academic performance. The emerging findings and knowledge gleaned from this work present a critical guide and a framework for policy practitioners to implement measure that can effectively address low performance among 4th graders.

L.K. Colquhoun

2012-02-01

399

A Cooperative Study of Self-Esteem, Leadership and Resilience amongst Illegal Motorbike Racers and Normal Adolescents in Malaysia  

OpenAIRE

Understanding self-esteem, leadership and resilience among at risk youth who are involved in illegal motorbike racing is a crucial issue prior to starting any intervention programs. It may provide an indication of their profile in order to change this negative behavior. This study aimed in examining the relationship between self-esteem, leadership and resilience among illegal motorbike racers and its comparison with normal adolescents. The study employed survey research involving the administ...

Wan Shahrazad, W. S.; Fauziah I.; Asmah Bee M. N.; Ismail B

2012-01-01

400

Self-Esteem, Negative Emotionality, and Depression as a Common Temperamental Core: A Study of Mid-Adolescent Twin Girls  

OpenAIRE

We tested the structure and magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on the overlap among self-esteem, negative emotionality, and major depression symptoms in adolescent girls (N = 706) from the Minnesota Twin Family Study. Genetic and environmental influences on all three operated via a general, heritable factor. Genetic influences explained the majority of overlap among the three constructs, as well as most of the variance in self-esteem and negative emotionality. Genetic influence...

Neiss, Michelle B.; Stevenson, Jim; Legrand, Lisa N.; Iacono, William G.; Sedikides, Constantine

2009-01-01

401

Insecure Attachment, Dysfunctional Attitudes, and Low Self-Esteem Predicting Prospective Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety During Adolescence  

OpenAIRE

This study extends the existing adult literature on insecure attachment as a predictor of depression and anxiety by examining these pathways in a sample of adolescents. In addition, dysfunctional attitudes and low self-esteem were tested as mediators of the association between insecure attachment and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Youth (N =350; 6th–10th graders) completed self-report measures of attachment, dysfunctional attitudes, self-esteem, and symptoms of depression and anxiety i...

Lee, Adabel; Hankin, Benjamin L.

2009-01-01

402

Socio-economic position and adolescents' health in Italy: the role of self-esteem and self-efficacy  

OpenAIRE

Background: To underline the importance of self-esteem and self-efficacy as aspects of health promotion, we investigated the hypothesis that self-esteem and self-efficacy mediate the effect of socio-economic position on adolescents’ health. This association has been confirmed by our data.

Methods: Data derive from the international Health Behaviours in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, 2001- 02 edition: a ...

Alessio Zambon; Patrizia Lemma; Paola Dalmasso; Alberto Borraccino; Franco Cavallo

2007-01-01

403

Chinese female nursing students’ coping strategies, self-esteem and related factors in different years of school  

OpenAIRE

Background: Recent research has emphasized the importance of coping. There is virtually nothing known about coping strategies and their relationship with self-esteem, individual and environmental factors among Chinese female nursing students. This study was to identify different coping strategies, the relationship between coping and self-esteem and influencing individual factors among Chinese female students in different years of nursing school. Method: The study used a cross-sectional design...

Chunping Ni; Daiwei Lo; Xiwen Liu; Jinfeng Ma; Shasha Xu; Lu Li,

2012-01-01

404

Attachment Style and Rejection Sensitivity: The Mediating Effect of Self-Esteem and Worry Among Iranian College Students  

OpenAIRE

The present study evaluated the relations between anxious attachment styles and rejection sensitivity, and the potential mediating role of self-esteem and worry. A sample of 125 Iranian college students completed surveys assessing rejection sensitivity, attachment style, worry and self-esteem. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analyses were conducted. Results show that there is a significant positive relationship between anxious attachment styles and rejection sensitivity. The study suggests...

Samira Khoshkam; Fatemeh Bahrami; Ahmad Ahmadi, S.; Maryam Fatehizade; Ozra Etemadi

2012-01-01

405

The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels  

OpenAIRE

This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘...

Hakan Sar?çam; Elifcan Y?lmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

2013-01-01

406

Self-esteem and academic achievement: a comparative study of adolescent students in England and the United States  

OpenAIRE

Utilizing mixed methodology, this paper investigates the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement for young adolescents within two Western cultural contexts: the United States and England. Quantitative and qualitative data from 86 North American and 86 British adolescents were utilized to examine the links between self-esteem and academic achievement from the beginning to the end of their academic year during their 11th–12th year of age. For both samples, quantitative resul...

Booth, Margaret Zoller; Gerard, Jean M.

2011-01-01

407

In search of clarity: self-esteem and domains of confidence and confusion.  

Science.gov (United States)

To date, research suggests that self-concept clarity is a monolithic construct: Some people have clearly defined self-concepts in all domains, whereas others do not. The authors argued that self-concept clarity is instead multifaceted and varies across trait domains. The authors predicted that social commodities (SCs; e.g., looks, popularity, social skills) would show less self-concept clarity than would communal qualities (CQs; e.g., kindness, warmth, honesty), due to domain differences in observability, ambiguity, and controllability. Results replicated past findings that self-esteem predicts self-concept clarity but also demonstrated that participants' SC self-views were less clear than their CQ self-views. Moreover, people showed greater clarity about traits that were lower in observability and higher in ambiguity and controllability. These findings suggest that everyone, regardless of self-esteem, has self-concept domains of relative confidence and confusion. PMID:18755920

Stinson, Danu Anthony; Wood, Joanne V; Doxey, Juliana R

2008-11-01

408

Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: the Mediating Impact of Self-Esteem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the influence of leader-member exchange (LMX from the perspectives of superior as well as subordinates on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB. Self-esteem was also examined as a mediator variable. Data were gathered from a sample of 300 non-supervisory employees and their 118 superiors, that represented banking organizations situated in the Klang Valley of Malaysia. The analysis indicated that superior-LMX had positive impact on OCB, but the impact of subordinate-LMX was not significant. Contrary to what was hypothesized, self-esteem did not influence both superior-LMX and subordinate-LMX relationships with OCB. Key implications of the survey findings both for theory and for practice are discussed, potential limitations are specified, and directions for future research are suggested.

Noormala Amir Ishak

2009-02-01

409

Shifting dependence: the influence of partner instrumentality and self-esteem on responses to interpersonal risk.  

Science.gov (United States)

High and low self-esteem people typically have divergent responses to interpersonal risk. Highs draw closer to their partner, whereas lows self-protectively distance. However, these responses should be more likely when people are dependent on the rewards their partner offers. Two experiments tested the hypothesis that structural changes in the situation of interdependence lead high and low self-esteem people to reverse their typical responses to risk. When partners were instrumental to a current goal pursuit (and participants were more dependent on the rewards partners could offer), highs drew closer and lows distanced when risk was primed. However, when partners were not instrumental to an active goal (and participants were less dependent on the rewards partners could offer), these responses were reversed. Reducing one's dependence on a partner to attain one's personal goals appears to reduce highs' incentive to connect, whereas it appears to increase lows' incentive to connect. PMID:24052084

Gomillion, Sarah; Murray, Sandra L

2014-01-01

410

Valence Focus and Self-Esteem Lability: Reacting to Hedonic Cues in the Social Environment  

OpenAIRE

Individuals differ in the extent to which they emphasize feelings of pleasure or displeasure in their verbal reports of emotional experience, termed valence focus (VF). Two event-contingent, experience-sampling studies examined the relationship between VF and sensitivity to pleasant and unpleasant social cues. It was predicted, and found, that individuals with greater VF (i.e., who emphasized feelings of pleasure/displeasure in reports of emotional experience) demonstrated greater self-esteem...

Pietromonaco, Paula R.; Barrett, Lisa Feldman

2009-01-01

411

Personality, passion, self-esteem and psychological well-being among junior elite athletes in Norway  

OpenAIRE

Personality research among athletes seems to have obtained less interest in recent years after much focus until the 1990s. This decline was obviously a result of ill conducted “personology” research, and a greater focus on psychological state versus trait in the sport psychology community. The present study explored personality dimensions, as measured by the Junior Temperament and Character Inventory, passion, self-esteem, and well-being among junior elite athletes. In addition, the athle...

Bauger, Lars

2011-01-01

412

Leader-Member Exchange and Organizational Citizenship Behavior: the Mediating Impact of Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to examine the influence of leader-member exchange (LMX) from the perspectives of superior as well as subordinates on organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Self-esteem was also examined as a mediator variable. Data were gathered from a sample of 300 non-supervisory employees and their 118 superiors, that represented banking organizations situated in the Klang Valley of Malaysia. The analysis indicated that superior-LMX had positive impact on OCB, but the impact ...

Noormala Amir Ishak; Syed Shah Alam

2009-01-01

413

Attributional retraining, self-esteem, and the job interview : Benefits and risks for college student employment  

OpenAIRE

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of an attributional retraining program for helping upper-level undergraduates perform better in employment interviews as moderated by self-esteem levels. The sample consisted of 50 co-operative education students preparing for actual job interviews who were randomly assigned to an attributional retraining condition (controllable attribution focus) or control condition (communication skills focus). Dependent measures included interview-related attr...

Hall, Nathan C.; Gradt, Shannan E. Jackson; Go?tz, Thomas; Musu-gillette, Lauren E.

2011-01-01

414

Unraveling Exercise Addiction: The Role of Narcissism and Self-Esteem  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study was to assess the risk of exercise addiction (EA) in fitness clubs and to identify possible factors in the development of the disorder. The Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) were administered to a sample of 150 consecutive gym attenders recruited in fitness centers. Based on EAI total score, high EA risk group (HEA n = 51) and a low EA risk group (LEA n = 69) were identified. ...

Bruno, Antonio; Quattrone, Diego; Scimeca, Giuseppe; Cicciarelli, Claudio; Romeo, Vincenzo Maria; Pandolfo, Gianluca; Zoccali, Rocco Antonio; Muscatello, Maria Rosaria Anna

2014-01-01

415

Self-Handicapping, Excuse Making, and Counterfactual Thinking : Consequences for Self-Esteem and Future Motivation  

OpenAIRE

Researchers interested in counterfactual thinking have often found that upward counterfactual thoughts lead to increased motivation to improve in the future, although at the cost of increased negative affect. The present studies suggest that because upward counterfactual thoughts indicate reasons for a poor performance, they can also serve as excuses. In this case, upward counterfactual thoughts should result in more positive self-esteem and reduced future motivation. Five studies demonstrate...

Mccrea, Sean M.

2008-01-01

416

GENDER AND RACE PATTERNS IN THE PATHWAYS FROM SPORTS PARTICIPATION TO SELF-ESTEEM  

OpenAIRE

Athletics is the most prominent extracurricular activity in U.S. secondary schools in terms of student participation and school budgets. The latter is often justified on the grounds that healthy bodies produce healthy minds, that school sports boost school spirit, and that participation in school-based sports increases students’ self-esteem. In this article we examine the interrelationships among participation in a school-based sport and the benefits assumed to be associated with it. Specif...

Tracy, Allison J.; Erkut, Sumru

2002-01-01

417

Mothers’ Attitudes and Self-Esteem among Deaf Children in Iranian High Schools  

OpenAIRE

This study examines the relationship between mothers’ attitude and self-esteem among deaf children who are currently enrolled in deaf high schools in Iran. While family system theory is typically used in trying counseling and therapy, much can be learned from examining it by studying the relationship between deaf children and their mothers. Family systems theory has been used in trying to understand problems of communication between children and their families (Widerman, 1995). In general, ...

Effat Hamed Sardar; Rusnani Abdul Kadir

2012-01-01

418

A longitudinal study of self-esteem, cultural identity, and academic success among American Indian adolescents  

OpenAIRE

Latent growth curve modeling was used to estimate developmental trajectories of self-esteem and cultural identity among American Indian high school students and to explore the relationships of these trajectories to personal resources, problem behaviors, and academic performance at the end of high school. The sample included 1,611 participants from the Voices of Indian Teens project, a three-year longitudinal study of adolescents from three diverse American Indian cultural groups in the wester...

Whitesell, Nancy Rumbaugh; Mitchell, Christina M.; Spicer, Paul

2009-01-01

419

Relationship Between Self-esteem and Academic Achievement Amongst Pre-University Students  

OpenAIRE

This research highlights the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement in the pre-university students. Additionally, it aimed to identify whether there are differences in academic achievement between boys and girls. The objectives of this study were achieved by using the Coopersmith questionnaire and the students’ grade in their current and previous semesters. The random sampling was used for collecting the data and as a consequence 50 male and 50 female were chosen randomly...

Mohammad Aryana

2010-01-01

420

Self-esteem, self-concept and life satisfaction of dyslexic students at university  

OpenAIRE

Numerous studies with dyslexic children have consistently found that they have lower self-esteem, lower academic self-concept and lower reading self-concept but not a lower non-academic self-concept than non-dyslexic children. This study therefore, intends to examine whether similar findings could be replicated in dyslexic university students. Given the lack of studies investigating the effects dyslexia has upon ones’ satisfaction with life, this study also looked at life satisfaction. 28 d...

Shek, Emma

2009-01-01

421

Students' Self-Esteem at School: The Risk, the Challenge, and the Cure  

OpenAIRE

As one of the most important elements in students’ psychological well-being, self-esteem is often neglected at school. In schools where students are grouped based on their academic abilities (Between Class Ability Grouping or BCAG, or tracking), teachers are likely to have different expectancies toward different group of students; towards high-achieving students, they tend to be academically supportive, while towards low-achieving students, they tend to control students’ behavior in order...

Prihadi Kususanto; Melissa Chua

2012-01-01

422

Positive Change in Self-esteem through Linguistic and Psychological Training among Iranian Kurdish University Students  

OpenAIRE

This paper reports an action research into how teaching and researching program for Iranian Kurdish students could positively change the state of their self-esteem. The study aimed to implement and evaluate the teaching of two side-by-side courses: Persian pronunciation and life skill teaching programs, as well as to identify the benefits for the students. Data collected in different ways: reflective reports, focused interviews, diaries of the participants, and observation analysis of the res...

Tahereh Ahmadipour; Somayeh Hadad Ranjbar

2012-01-01

423

Personality and self-esteem as predictors of students’ academic achievement  

OpenAIRE

The study seeks to determine the extent to which university students’ personality traits and their self-esteem can serve as the bases for predicting their grade point average (GPA). The following groups of students from the Faculty of Education in Ljubljana participated in the research: 88 students attending the first year and 80 students attending the second year of the Primary Teacher Education programme, and 41 students attending the first year of the Social Pedagogy pr...

Smrtnik Vitulic?, Helena; Prosen, Simona

2011-01-01

424

Correlation between fatigue and self-esteem in patients with multiple sclerosis / Correlação entre gravidade da fadiga e baixa estima na esclerose múltipla  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar a possível associação entre fadiga e autoestima em pacientes com esclerose múltipla (EM). MÉTODO: Trinta pacientes foram avaliados de forma prospectiva. Nenhum deles apresentava depressão ou ansiedade moderada ou grave, e o grau de incapacidade foi baixo (EDSS[...] inicamente estáveis por pelo menos três meses e estavam recebendo a mesma medicação por pelo menos seis meses. O nível socioeconômico foi avaliado. A gravidade da fadiga e a autoestima foram avaliadas pelo uso de escalas especificas e validadas. Pacientes com ansiedade e/ou depressão moderadas ou graves foram excluídos. RESULTADOS: Baixa autoestima se mostrou correlacionada com fadiga (p=0,01), porém não relacionada a qualquer outra variável, como sexo, idade, EDSS, duração da EM, número se surtos, depressão e/ou ansiedade leves. CONCLUSÃO: Maior gravidade de fadiga na EM se correlaciona com baixa autoestima, sugerindo assim que esta queixa crônica que afeta tantos pacientes pode interferir com a maneira pela qual eles se vêem e se valorizam. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the possible association of fatigue with self-esteem in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHOD: Thirty patients were prospectively assessed. None of them presented moderate or severe depression or anxiety and their degree of disability was low (EDSS[...] lly stable for at least three months and had been receiving the same medication for at least six months. Socioeconomic level was assessed. Severity of fatigue and self-esteem were evaluated using specific, validated scales. Patients with moderate to severe anxiety and/or depression were excluded. RESULTS: Low self-esteem correlated with fatigue (p=0.01), but not with any other variables, such as age, gender, EDSS, MS duration, number of relapses, mild depression and/or anxiety. CONCLUSION: Greater severity of fatigue in MS correlates with low self-esteem, thus suggesting that this chronic complaint that affects so many patients can interfere with the way in which they see and value themselves.

Yára Dadalti, Fragoso; Érika Oliveira da, Silva; Alessandro, Finkelsztejn.

2009-09-01

425

[The relationship between the burnout and self esteem among prison wardens].  

Science.gov (United States)

Our aim in this research has been to show the link existing between "burn-out" and self-esteem. Several studies have outlined that link without actually bringing is to light. The present study has been carried out among prison officers. The concept had actually never been applied to such a population and has rather been used for social assistance jobs, such as social workers, tutors or teachers. A "burn-out" questionnaire has been made so as to estimate how tired the staff were. Maslach's test (1982) has revealed difficult to use here. Coopersmith's SEI has been used to estimate people's self-image. The results have revealed positive, as the elder staff have shown a higher burn-out rate than the younger ones. The younger staff also have a better self-image than the elder ones. Eventually, the global level of self-esteem and total level of exhaustion are inversely correlated. From these results, it can be said that prison warders tend to endure an occupational exhaustion syndrome and that the lower their self-esteem the higher their "burn-out" rate. PMID:10598309

Masclet, G; Mineure, S

1999-01-01

426

Impact of parenting styles on adolescents' self-esteem and internalization of values in Spain.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship of parenting styles with adolescents' outcomes was analyzed within a sample of Spanish adolescents. A sample of 1456 teenagers from 13 to 16 years of age, of whom 54.3% were females, reported on their parents' child-rearing practices. The teenagers' parents were classified into one of four groups (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, or neglectful). The adolescents were then contrasted on two different outcomes: (1) priority given to Schwartz's self-transcendence (universalism and benevolence) and conservation (security, conformity, and tradition) values and (2) level of self-esteem (appraised in five domains: academic, social, emotional, family and physical). The results show that Spanish adolescents from indulgent households have the same or better outcomes than adolescents from authoritative homes. Parenting is related with two self-esteem dimensions--academic and family--and with all the self-transcendence and conservation values. Adolescents of indulgent parents show highest scores in self-esteem whereas adolescents from authoritarian parents obtain the worst results. In contrast, there were no differences between the priority given by adolescents of authoritative and indulgent parents to any of the self-transcendence and conservation values, whereas adolescents of authoritarian and neglectful parents, in general, assign the lowest priority to all of these values. PMID:17992960

Martínez, Isabel; García, José Fernando

2007-11-01

427

Development of a Career Task Self-Efficacy Scale: The Kuder Task Self-Efficacy Scale.  

Science.gov (United States)

Three instruments were completed by 345 undergraduates: Kuder Task Self-Efficacy Scale (KTSES), Self-Esteem Inventory, and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy Scale. The construct validity of the KTSES was supported, and some relationship was found between career task self-efficacy and self-esteem/career decision-making self-efficacy. (SK)

Lucas, Jennifer L.; And Others

1997-01-01

428

Attachment, conflict and self-esteem in adolescents from intact and divorced families / Apego, conflito e auto-estima em adolescentes de famílias intactas e divorciadas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the differential contribution to adolescent's self-esteem concerning family structure (intact and divorced families, interparental conflict, and attachment to parents and peers. The sample consisted of 403 adolescents, aged from 14 to 19. Univariate ANOVA showed that family structure does not predict self-esteem, but adolescents from intact families with higher levels of interparental conflict presented lower self-esteem. Parental attachment patterns derived from cluster analysis and based on Bartholomew bi-dimensional model were associated with self-esteem, namely, with higher levels for adolescents with a secure style. An ANOVA showed no moderation role in predicting adolescents' self-esteem, when attachment to parents and peers were considered as independent factors. On the other hand, multiple regression results indicated that high quality bonds to parents and peers are predictors of self-esteem.

Catarina Pinheiro Mota

2009-01-01

429

Loneliness, stress, self esteem and depression among Malaysian adolescents  

OpenAIRE

The current study examined the degree of relationships between loneliness, stress and selfesteem with depression among adolescents. The respondents were 1407 secondary school adolescents aged between 13 to 17 years old from selected states in Malaysia. Data were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire. Adolescent depression was measured by Children Depression Inventory (CDI) while stress was measured by Perceive Stress Scale. Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale measured loneliness and ...

Ikechukwu Uba; Mansor Abu Talib; Rumaya Juhari; Siti Nor Yaacob

2009-01-01

430

The Presence of an Exercise Instructor or Group Members Affects Physical Self-Concept and Physical Self-Esteem: An Experimental Study in the Elderly  

OpenAIRE

Background: Physical self-concept and physical self-esteem are important sources of general self-esteem and overall health. Evidence indicates that exercise leads to an enhancement in physical self-concept and physical self-esteem. Until now however, it remained unclear whether the beneficial effects of exercise were impacted by different types of exercise environments. Thus, the purpose of this study was to experimentally investigate, whether the presence or absence of an instructor or other...

Jens Kleinert; Fabian Pels; Leslie Podlog

2014-01-01

431

The effects of a peer-led training program on female students’ self-esteem in public secondary schools in Shiraz  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Low self-esteem in adolescence is one of the risk factors for negative outcomes in important domains of adulthood life. Due to the lack of trials based on modern methods of teaching in the field of self-esteem, this study aimed to investigate the effects of a peer-led training program on female second graders’ self-esteem in public secondary schools in Shiraz.

Kaveh, Mohammad Hossein; Hesampour, Maryam; Ghahremani, Leila; Tabatabaee, Hamid Reza

2014-01-01

432

Influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico de estudiantes universitarios chilenos / Self-esteem, Perceived Social Support and Psychological Well- being of Chilean University Students  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente estudio, de tipo correlacional transeccional, examinó la influencia de la autoestima y del apoyo social percibido sobre el bienestar psicológico, en una muestra de 450 estudiantes de ambos sexos de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile, quienes respondieron las Escalas de Autoestima de Ros [...] enberg, de Bienestar Psicológico de Ryff y el Cuestionario de Apoyo Social Percibido. Se encontró que la autoestima tenía una influencia mayor sobre el bienestar psicológico que el apoyo social percibido. Aunque no hubo diferencias de sexo en el bienestar psicológico global, se observaron diferencias a favor de los hombres en las dimensiones de autoaceptación y autonomía, y a favor de las mujeres, en crecimiento personal, así como diferencias a favor de los hombres en autoestima y a favor de las mujeres en apoyo social percibido. Abstract in english This correlational and cross-sectional study examined the relationships of psychological well-being with self-esteem and perceived social support in 450 male and female students from the University of Concepción (Chile). Individuals completed de Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Perceived Social Supp [...] ort Questionnaire and the Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scales. It was found that self-esteem had a higher influence on psychological well-being than perceived social support. There were not significant gender differences in general psychological well-being, but men reported higher self acceptance and autonomy, while women reported higher personal growth. It was also found that men reported greater self-esteem and women reported greater perceived social support.

Enrique, Barra Almagia.

2012-06-01

433

The Relationship between The Self Esteem and The Anxiety Levels of Children between The Age 9-13 Whose Parents Had Divorced and The Same Range of Whom are Not Divorced  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between the self esteem and the anxiety levels of children between the age 9-13 whose parents had divorced and the same range of whom are not divorced. The sample consisted of 308 students (175 girls, 133 boys who were 9-13 years old among 17 primary schools. In this research, Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory For Children (STAIC and individual’s information their families` characteristic information prepared by researcher were used as a scale instrument. Research data was done by using the correlation method “t” test, “F” test and “scheffe” test. The results of the study indicates that there are the meaningful differences between the self esteems and the anxiety levels of children whose parents had divorced and the same range of whom are not divorced Also it was determined that the girl ones whose parents are not divorced are more anxiety than the boy ones whose parents are not divorced and again the self esteem levels of children the age 9 whose parents are not divorced are higher than the age 11 whose parents are not divorced.

Nergüz BULUT SER?N

2007-12-01

434

Perception of parental attitudes and the level of female adolescents’ self-esteem affected with anorexia nervosa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim. The article’s aim is to look for correlation between a parent - child relationship and the level of self-esteem in the perception of girls affected with anorexia nervosa (who meet the criteria of DSM-IV-TR. The differences in the perception of parental attitudes (of mothers and fathers and self-esteem of girls suffering from anorexia nervosa and their healthy peers were also analyzed. Method. Two equally numbered groups of girls: the clinical group (30 persons affected with anorexia nervosa and control group (30 healthy girls in the 15-20 age range were examined. Two test were applied: Parent-Child Relations Questionnaire (PCR A. Roe and M. Siegelman in the authorized translation by W. S. Kowalski to investigate characteristic behavior of parents of small children as perceived by youth or adults and a Questionnaire „What are you like?” by P. Sears in adaptation of J. Kostrzewski, which is used to study self-esteem. Results and conclusions. The results confirmed the expected relationship between perception of parental attitudes and the level of self-esteem of girls affected with anorexia nervosa. Parental attitudes characterized by love and protection promote higher self-esteem of their daughters and the experience of higher demands and rejection by both parents lowers their self-esteem. The comparison of average attitudes of mothers and fathers in perception of their daughters diagnosed with anorexia nervosa did not confirm significant statistical differences. Comparison of maternal attitudes in the perception of their daughters from the group affected by anorexia and the healthy group revealed significant differences in full range of attitudes. The differences in perception of the attitudes of their fathers were statistically substantial regarding the attitudes concerning love and rejection. Self-esteem of persons treated for anorexia is significantly lower than of their healthy peers

Witkowska, Bogumi?a

2013-06-01

435

Moderators of the relationship between masculinity and sexual prejudice in men: friendship, gender self-esteem, same-sex attraction, and religious fundamentalism.  

Science.gov (United States)

Masculinity has been found to predict the sexual prejudice of heterosexual men against gay men. The present study investigated the role of four variables as moderators of the relationships between two masculinity constructs (endorsement of traditional masculinity ideology and gender role conflict) and sexual prejudice in men. The hypothesized moderators were: direct and indirect friendships with gay men, gender self-esteem, acknowledged same-sex attraction, and religious fundamentalism. A total of 383 men completed 8 scales plus a demographic questionnaire. Direct friendship strengthened the positive relationship between masculinity ideology and sexual prejudice, contrary to hypothesis. This finding could mean that high masculinity ideology scores reduced the likelihood that a man with many gay friends would let go of his prejudice. Direct friendship did not moderate the relationship between gender role conflict and sexual prejudice nor did indirect friendship moderate either relationship; however, both forms of friendship predicted prejudice, as hypothesized. Gender self-esteem strengthened the positive relationships between both masculinity variables and sexual prejudice as hypothesized. Same-sex attraction weakened the relationship between gender role conflict and sexual prejudice as hypothesized, but contrary to hypothesis did not moderate the relationship between masculinity ideology and sexual prejudice. Religious fundamentalism predicted prejudice, but showed no significant moderation. The results were discussed in terms of limitations and suggestions for future research and application. In conclusion, this line of investigation appears promising and should be continued and the present findings can be utilized in anti-prejudice social marketing campaigns and in counseling. PMID:24481497

Mellinger, Christopher; Levant, Ronald F

2014-04-01

436

How Do You Feel? Self-esteem Predicts Affect, Stress, Social Interaction, and Symptom Severity during Daily Life in Patients with Chronic Illness  

OpenAIRE

Self-esteem has been demonstrated to predict health and well-being in a number of samples and domains using retrospective reports, but little is known about the effect of self-esteem in daily life. A community sample with asthma (n = 97) or rheumatoid arthritis (n = 31) completed a self-esteem measure and collected Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) data 5x/day for one week using a palmtop computer. Low self-esteem predicted more negative affect, less positive affect, greater stress severi...

Juth, Vanessa; Smyth, Joshua M.; Santuzzi, Alecia M.

2008-01-01

437

Comparing Self-esteem and Self-concept of Athletic and Non-Athletic Students and Finding a Relationship between these two Variables  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aims to compare and determine a relationship between self-concept and self-esteem of female and male athletic and non-athletic students in Sari branch Islamic Azad University. For this reason, 200 students (100 athletic and 100 non-athletic were selected randomly and tested by Eysenck’s self-esteem questionnaire and Rogers’s self-concept one. Research findings implied that there is no significant relationship between self-esteem of athletic students and non-athletic ones. However, there is a significant relationship between self-esteem of female non-athletic students and male non-athletic ones.

Seyedeh Khadijeh Asady

2013-03-01

438

Association of sociodemographic and clinical factors with the self-image and self-esteem of individuals with intestinal stoma / Assoiação dos fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos à autoimagem e autoestima dos indivíduos com estoma intestinal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos e correlacioná-los à autoimagem e autoestima. Métodos: Estudo realizado no Polo dos Estomizados de Pouso Alegre. Os dados foram coletados entre dezembro de 2012 e maio de 2013. A amostra foi por não probabilística, por conveniência. Para c [...] oleta de dados, foram utilizadas a Escala de Autoestima Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM e a escala BodyInvestmentScale. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes do Qui-quadrado e de Kruskal-Wallise a correlação de Spearman. Foram considerados os níveis de significância 5% (p ? 0,05). Resultados: Os participantes apresentaram a média de 10,81 na Escala de Autoestima Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM. Com relaação à escala BodyInvestmentScale, a média do escore total foi 38,79; a médianos domínios imagem corporal foi de 7,74 e no toque pessoal, 21,31. Ao comparamos os dados relacionados ao estoma e sociodemográficos com a Escala de Autoestima Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM e com escala BodyInvestmentScale, percebemos que todos os pacientes apresentaram queda na autoestima e na autoimagem. Os indivíduos estavam na faixa etária acima de 60 anos, sexo masculino, eram aposentados e casados e não participavam de grupo de apoio/associação. Com relação às características do estoma, os indivíduos com colostomia permanente tinham como causas da realização do estoma doença inflamatória e neoplasia; os estomas mensuravam entre 20 a 40 mm; eles utilizavam dispositivo com duas peças. Pessoas que não foram comunicadas de que iriam ser submetidas ao estoma, e em que não foi realizada a demarcação apresentaram piora na autoestima e na autoimagem com relação às outras características relacionadas à lesão e às sociodemográficas. Conclusão: Pacientes que participaram deste estudo apresentaram baixa na autoimagem e autoestima em todas as características do estoma e nos dados sociodemográficos, significando que esses indivíduos tinham sentimentos negativos em relação ao próprio corpo. Abstract in english Objective: To evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic factors and correlate them to the self-image and self-esteem. Methods: A study conducted at Ostomy Pole of PousoAlegre. The data were collected between December 2012 and May 2013. This was a non-probabilistic, by convenience, sample. For da [...] ta collection, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP-EPM and Body Investment Scale were used. For statistical analysis, chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation were used. Levels of significance of 5% (p ? 0.05) were considered. Results: Participants had a mean score of 10.81 in the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP. Regarding Body Investment Scale results, the mean total score was 38.79; the mean in the domain of body image was 7.74, and for personal touch, 21.31. When comparing data related to the stoma and sociodemographic profiles with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP and Body Investment Scale, we realize that all patients demonstrated a decrease in self-esteem and self-image. Individuals were over 60 years old, male, retired, married and were not participants in support group/association. With regard to the characteristics of the stoma, those permanent colostomized had as causes of stoma implementation inflammatory disease and neoplasia; stomata measured between 20 and 40 mm; these people used two-piece devices. People who have not been notified that would be subjected to the stoma and in whom no demarcation was done showed worsening in self-esteem and self-image in relation to other features related to injury and sociodemographic data. Conclusion: Patients who participated in this study had low self-image and self-esteem in all characteristics of the stoma and in sociodemographic data, meaning that these individuals had negative feelings about their own bodies.

Geraldo Magela, Salomé; Sergio Aguinaldo de, Almeida.

2014-09-01

439

Violência escolar e auto-estima de adolescentes / Violence at school and teenager's self-esteem  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo procura estudar a associação entre auto-estima e violências que ocorrem no ambiente escolar. Apresenta resultados obtidos em pesquisa realizada em escolas públicas e particulares de São Gonçalo, Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Emprega basicamente metodologia quantitativa (inquérito epidemiológ [...] ico com uma amostra de 1.686 alunos) com alunos das 7ª e 8ª séries do ensino fundamental e 1º e 2º anos do ensino médio. Os resultados indicam que alunos com baixa auto-estima relacionam-se de forma pior com colegas e professores que os pares de elevada auto-estima, além de se colocarem mais freqüentemente na posição de vítimas de violência na escola e terem mais dificuldade de se sentir bem no espaço escolar. São apontados alguns programas nacionais que têm tentado abordar o problema da violência na escola. Abstract in english The purpose of this article is to study the relationship between self-esteem and the acts of physical and psychological violence that arise in school. It provides results a research carried out both in public and private schools in São Gonçalo, Rio de Janeiro State. An epidemiological survey with a [...] sample of 1,686 students was used with 7th and 8th grade elementary and 1st and 2nd grade secondary school students. As pointed out by the results, for those students with a low self-esteem it seems to be more difficult to get along both with classmates and teachers than for those with a high self-esteem. Not to mention that more often than the others the former pose as victims of violence at school and find it more difficult to feel at home there. This paper addresses some Brazilian programs which have been attempting to approach the issue of violence at school.

Lucimar Câmara, Marriel; Simone G., Assis; Joviana Q., Avanci; Raquel V. C., Oliveira.

2006-04-01

440

Violência escolar e auto-estima de adolescentes Violence at school and teenager's self-esteem  

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Full Text Available Este artigo procura estudar a associação entre auto-estima e violências que ocorrem no ambiente escolar. Apresenta resultados obtidos em pesquisa realizada em escolas públicas e particulares de São Gonçalo, Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Emprega basicamente metodologia quantitativa (inquérito epidemiológico com uma amostra de 1.686 alunos com alunos das 7ª e 8ª séries do ensino fundamental e 1º e 2º anos do ensino médio. Os resultados indicam que alunos com baixa auto-estima relacionam-se de forma pior com colegas e professores que os pares de elevada auto-estima, além de se colocarem mais freqüentemente na posição de vítimas de violência na escola e terem mais dificuldade de se sentir bem no espaço escolar. São apontados alguns programas nacionais que têm tentado abordar o problema da violência na escola.The purpose of this article is to study the relationship between self-esteem and the acts of physical and psychological violence that arise in school. It provides results a research carried out both in public and private schools in São Gonçalo, Rio de Janeiro State. An epidemiological survey with a sample of 1,686 students was used with 7th and 8th grade elementary and 1st and 2nd grade secondary school students. As pointed out by the results, for those students with a low self-esteem it seems to be more difficult to get along both with classmates and teachers than for those with a high self-esteem. Not to mention that more often than the others the former pose as victims of violence at school and find it more difficult to feel at home there. This paper addresses some Brazilian programs which have been attempting to approach the issue of violence at school.

Lucimar Câmara Marriel

2006-04-01

441

Consumo de alcohol y autoestima en adolescentes / Alcohol consumption and self esteem in adolescents / Consumo de álcool e autoestima em adolescentes  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a relação entre o nível de autoestima e o consumo de álcool em adolescentes, através da realização de estudo descritivo transversal, em uma faculdade de enfermagem de Queretaro, México, no mês de julho de 2008, com amostra de 109 adolescentes, entre 17 e [...] 20 anos. Para obtenção dos dados, foram aplicados dois instrumentos, o AUDIT e o questionário de autoestima de Rosemberg. A maioría dos adolescentes participantes tinha autoestima elevada (94,5%), nenhum apresentou baixa autoestima. Nesta amostra, 80,7% dos adolescentes não possui risco para consumo de álcool. Conclui-se que os adolescentes apresentaram elevada autoestima e baixo risco para o consumo de álcool. Portanto, é necessário implementar programas preventivos relacionados ao consumo de álcool e identificar os fatores protetores para garantir a manutenção de hábitos saudáveis pelos adolescentes. Abstract in spanish La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la relación entre el nivel de autoestima y el consumo de alcohol en los adolescentes, a través de la realización de un estudio descriptivo transversal, en una facultad de enfermería en la ciudad de Querétaro, en México, en el mes de julio de 2008 [...] , en una muestra de 109 adolescentes, entre 17 y 20 años. Para la obtención de los datos fueron aplicados dos instrumentos: AUDIT y Cuestionario de autoestima de Rosemberg. La mayoría de los adolescentes participantes tuvieron la autoestima elevada (94.5%), ninguno presentó autoestima baja. El 80.7% de los adolescentes del estudio no tiene riesgo de consumo de alcohol. Se concluye que la mayoría de los adolescentes presentaron una elevada autoestima y tuvieron riesgo bajo de consumo de alcohol. Por lo que se sugiere implementar programas preventivos con respecto al consumo de alcohol y factores protectores a fin de que los adolescentes continúen con un estilo de vida saludable. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of levels of self esteem and alcohol consumption in adolescents, by carrying out a transversal, descriptive study, in a college of nursing of Queretaro in Mexico, in the month of July 2008, with a sample of 109 adolescents, between 17 and 20 year [...] s old. For attainment of the data two instruments were applied: AUDIT and the Rosemberg self esteem scale. The majority of the participating adolescents had high self esteem (94.5%) and none presented low self esteem. Of the adolescents in the study 80.7% did not consume alcohol hazardously. It was concluded that the adolescents presented high self esteem and low alcohol consumption. Therefore, it is necessary to implement preventive programs related to alcohol consumption and to identify the protective factors to guarantee the maintenance of healthy habits for the adolescents.

Alicia, Álvarez Aguirre; María Magdalena, Alonso Castillo; Ana Carolina Guidorizzi, Zanetti.

2010-06-01

442

Age matters. A study on motivation, flow and self-esteem in competing athletes.  

OpenAIRE

The present study tested whether there were any differences between athletes varying in age, or practising different sports at different levels, on the variables motivation, flow, self-esteem and personality. Of the 145 athletes that participated in the study, there were 85 males and 59 females (one missing) ranging from 18 to 40 years of age (M = 21.34, SD = 3.89). The athletes were grouped as team sport athletes (n = 74) and individual sport athletes (n = 71) in order to determine if th...

Fossmo, Toril

2006-01-01

443

Self-esteem, anxiety and motivation - the effect of psychological factors on sport performance  

OpenAIRE

The project-part of the Bachelor’s thesis was a guide called Self esteem, anxiety and motivation – the effect of psycholocigal factors on sport performance. The guide was made primarily for Finnish junior ice hockey coaches to exploit in coaching. The guide was made because the particular areas were seen to have an essential effect on the quality of sport performance. It was also seen that the coaches knowledge of the particular areas and the development of the areas is deficient. T...

Malmikare, Juuso

2011-01-01

444

Whether Positive Global Self-Esteem Can Facilitate Second Language Acquisition?  

OpenAIRE

Affective factors are universally acknowledged to play an important role in Second Language Acquisition, but those factors, with a rather wide range, have to be tested one by one so that how relevant each one is to SLA can be discovered. The present study focuses on one of them – self-esteem, which is believed an influential factor in affective domain. Through a case study, complete with questionnaires and interviews, it is believed that there is no relevant proof that the positive global s...

Li, Dongfeng; Li, He

2013-01-01

445

Self-esteem of adult women living in a peripheral area of são paolo city, Brazil.  

Science.gov (United States)

Our purpose was to determine the level of self-esteem (SE) and its associations with women's sociodemographic characteristics and social status. Adult women (N = 120) living in a peripheral area of Sao Paulo City in Southeastern Brazil were randomly included in our study. We found significant associations between higher SE scores and higher schooling (p =.02), participation in religious meetings in the church (p =.022), and practice of leisure activities (p <.001). The inclusion of a broader range of activities should be provided in health care and educational settings aiming at the improvement of women's SE levels. PMID:24498879

Rodolpho, Juliana Reale Caçapava; Silva, Talita Cristina Cardoso; Hoga, Luiza Akiko Komura; Borges, Ana Luiza Vilela

2015-04-01

446

The association of self-esteem, depression and body satisfaction with obesity among Turkish adolescents  

OpenAIRE

Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and to examine the effects of actual weight status, perceived weight status and body satisfaction on self-esteem and depression in a high school population in Turkey. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 2101 tenth-grade Turkish adolescents aged 15–18 was conducted. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using weight and height measures. The overweight and obesity were based on the age- and ...

Sen Nesrin; Cetinkaya Aynur; Ergin Dilek; Ozmen Erol; Ozmen Dilek; Dundar Pinar; Oryal, Taskin E.

2007-01-01

447

A Longitudinal Examination of Support, Self-esteem, and Mexican-origin Adolescent Mothers’ Parenting Efficacy  

OpenAIRE

Guided by a risk and resilience framework, this study used a prospective longitudinal, multiple-reporter design to examine how social support from a mother figure during pregnancy interacted with Mexican-origin adolescent mothers’ self-esteem to inform their parenting efficacy when their children were 10 months old. Using reports of perceived social support by adolescent mothers (Mage = 16.24, SD =099) and their mother figures (Mage = 40.84, SD = 7.04) in 205 dyads, and controlling for demo...

Uman?a-taylor, Adriana J.; Guimond, Amy B.; Updegraff, Kimberly A.; Jahromi, Laudan

2013-01-01

448

The analysis of self-esteem based on patients` self-perception after Ilizarov limb lengthening treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the article there is shown the analysis of patients self-perception after the Ilizarov limb lenghening treatment due to inequality. 150 patients both sexes (78 girls and 72 boys) were tested between 1992 and 2003 in our center. The average age for girls at the time of follow-up was 19.5 years and 18.5 years for boys. In the survey there was used four point-scale SES by Irena Dzwokowska, Kinga Lachowicz-Tabaczek and Mariola ?agun which was based on Rosenberg work. The results were divided into two groups: low or high score. It was evaluated according to the table of standards which included people age and sex. Then the score was transformed into standard ten. For statistical calculations was used MicroSoft Excel spreadsheet. In the case of statistical studies was used Spss v.17.0. It was found that among survey respondents regardless of gender and age after the satisfactory completion of Ilizarov treatment patients gain a high level of self-assessment at 7 standard ten. The high self-esteem can predict the level of patients` comfort in many aspects of their lives. People with such a hight self-perception will experience more positive emotions and will be healthier and more active. PMID:23306286

S?omska, Beata; Pilarz, Eliza; Niedzielski, Kryspin Ryszard

2012-01-01

449

Searching for a sense of purpose: the role of parents and effects on self-esteem among female adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Achieving a sense of purpose during adolescence is a developmental asset; however, searching for that purpose may be a developmental stressor. Supportive parent-child relationships may help youth during this stressful experience. The present study included 207 female students in the sixth, eighth, and tenth grades from two competitive private schools. Searching for purpose negatively predicted self-esteem. Hierarchical linear regression examined moderating effects of parental trust and alienation on searching for purpose as a predictor of self-esteem. Parental alienation significantly moderated the association between search for purpose and girls' self-esteem; conversely, parental trust did not moderate the association. Results suggest that parent-child relationships characterized by high levels of parental alienation may exacerbate the pernicious effects of search for purpose. Person-based analyses found four clusters corresponding to Foreclosed Purpose, Diffused Purpose, Uncommitted Purpose/Moratorium, and Achieved Purpose. We discuss implications for practice and research based on these results. PMID:24011100

Blattner, Meghan C C; Liang, Belle; Lund, Terese; Spencer, Renee

2013-10-01

450

When is selective self-presentation effective? An investigation of the moderation effects of "self-esteem" and "social trust".  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the relationship between selective self-presentation and online life satisfaction, and how this relationship is influenced by respondents' perceptions of "self" (operationalized by "self-esteem") and "others" (operationalized by "social trust"). Relying on survey data from 712 Korean online users, two important findings were detected in our study. First, the positive relationship between selective self-presentation and online life satisfaction becomes more prominent among people with low self-esteem compared to those with high self-esteem, and second, this positive relationship is enhanced among people with high levels of social trust compared to those with low trust levels. Theoretical and practical implications of our findings as well as potential limitations are discussed. PMID:25405781

Kim, Yoonkyung; Baek, Young Min

2014-11-01

451

The relationship in between self-esteem levels and the mothers’ expressed emotion in children w?ith asthma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aim: The objective of this study is to evaluate the self-esteem levels of asthmatic children and the maternal emotional expressiveness.Material and Method: Sixty-five children and adolescents with the diagnosis of asthma were compared with a control group of 76 children, without a chronic illness. Presence of psychopathology was evaluated by Kiddie-Schizofrenia Affective Disorders Schedule, behavioral problems were assessed by Child Behaviour Checklist. Additionally, Piers Harris Self- Esteem Inventory and Expressed Emotions Questionnaire were administered to children and adolescents and to their mothers, respectively. In order to compare the groups, chi square and student’s t-tests, and to assess the relationship between the variables Pearson’s correlation analyses were used. Results: Psychiatric diagnoses (p=0.00 and behavioral problems (p<0.01 were encountered more frequently in children with asthma. Although self-esteem levels of asthmatic children were similar to those of the control group, as maternal emotional expression increased, children tended to have lower self esteem levels (r=-0.38, p=0.002. Maternal emotional expression levels were found to be higher in the asthma group (p=0.006 and it showed positive correlation with the presence of psychopathology and behavioral problems in the children. Conclusions: Although self-esteem was not directly affected by the presence of asthma, co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders, emotional and behavioral problems, and high maternal emotional expressiveness result in decreased self-esteem in children. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 144-9

Sema Ölçer

2010-05-01

452

Perceived Emotional Intelligence, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction in Adolescents Inteligencia Emocional Percibida, Autoestima y Satisfacción con la Vida en Adolescentes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study examined the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence, selfesteem and life satisfaction in a sample of 316 Spanish adolescents (179 females and 137 males, ranging in age from 14 to 18. Demographic information was collected, along with data through the use of three self-report measures: the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. As expected, perceived emotional dimensions, particularly mood clarity and repair, showed positive associations with life satisfaction. Self-esteem also correlated significantly and positively with levels of adolescents´ satisfaction with life. More interestingly, results of structural equation modelling indicated that mood clarity and emotional repair had a significant direct and indirect link (via selfesteem with life satisfaction in adolescents. The present study contributes to an emerging understanding of the underlying process between perceived emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Our findings encourage moving beyond the examination of direct association between perceived emotional intelligence and life satisfaction and focusing on the role of potential mechanisms such as self-esteem involved in the link between perceived emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in adolescents. Implications of the present findings for future research are discussed, as well as potential interventions for increasing subjective well-being in adolescents.El presente estudio examinó la relación entre inteligencia emocional percibida, autoestima y satisfacción vital en una muestra de 316 adolescentes españoles (179 mujeres y 137 hombres, de edades comprendidas entre los 14 y 18 años. Junto con los datos demográficos se recogió información mediante tres medidas auto-informadas: la escala de meta-cocimiento de los estados emocionales, la escala de autoestima de Rosenberg y la escala de satisfacción vital. Como esperamos, las dimensiones emocionales, especialmente claridad y reparación emocional, mostraron una asociación positiva con la satisfacción vital. Autoestima también correlacionó significativa y positivamente con los niveles de satisfacción vital de los adolescentes. Más interesante fueron los resultados del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales que indicaron que claridad y reparación emocional tenían un efecto directo pero también un vínculo indirecto (vía autoestima con la satisfacción vital de los adolescentes. El presente trabajo contribuye a la mejor comprensión de los procesos subyacentes entre la inteligencia emocional percibida y la satisfacción vital. Nuestros hallazgos ponen de manifiesto la necesidad de ir más allá del examen de las asociaciones directas entre inteligencia emocional percibida y satisfacción vital centrándonos en el posible papel de otros mecanismos potenciales tales como la autoestima implicados en el vínculo entre inteligencia emocional percibida y satisfacción vital en adolescentes. Se discuten diversas implicaciones de estos hallazgos para futuras investigaciones así como posibles intervenciones dirigidas a incrementar el bienestar de los adolescentes.

Lourdes Rey

2011-07-01

453

The association between suicide risk and self-esteem in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes of major depressive disorder  

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Full Text Available Nobuyuki Mitsui,1 Satoshi Asakura,1,2 Yusuke Shimizu,1 Yutaka Fujii,1 Atsuhito Toyomaki,1 Yuki Kako,1 Teruaki Tanaka,1 Nobuki Kitagawa,3 Takeshi Inoue,1 Ichiro Kusumi1 1Department of Psychiatry, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, 2Health care center of Hokkaido University, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 3Department of Clinical Social Work, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido School of Nursing and Social Services, Tobetsu, Ishikari, Japan Background: The suicide risk among young adults is related to multiple factors; therefore, it is difficult to predict and prevent suicidal behavior. Aim: We conducted the present study to reveal the most important factors relating to suicidal ideation in Japanese university students with major depressive episodes (MDEs of major depressive disorder (MDD. Methods: The subjects were 30 Japanese university students who had MDEs of MDD, and were aged between 18 and 26 years old. They were divided into two groups – without suicide risk group (n=15, and with suicide risk group (n=15 – based on the results of the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Additionally, healthy controls were recruited from the same population (n=15. All subjects completed the self-assessment scales including the Beck Depression Inventory 2nd edition (BDI-II, the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES, and SF-36v2TM (The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short-form health survey version 2, and they were all administered a battery of neuropsychological tests. Results: The RSES score of the suicide risk group was significantly lower than the RSES score of the without suicide risk group, whereas the BDI-II score and the BHS score were not significantly different between the two groups. The mean social functioning score on the SF-36v2 of the with suicide risk group was significantly lower than that of the without suicide risk group. Conclusion: The individual's self-esteem and social functioning may play an important role in suicide risk among young adults with MDEs of MDD. Keywords: suicide risk, self-esteem, quality of life, young adults

Mitsui N

2014-05-01

454

The Associations of Self-Reported and Peer-Reported Relational Aggression with Narcissism and Self-Esteem among Adolescents in a Residential Setting  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated the relations of self-reported and peer-nominated relational aggression (RA) with self-esteem and narcissism among 43 at-risk 16- to 18-year-olds. Self-reported and peer-nominated RA were positively intercorrelated, and each was positively correlated with narcissism. An interaction between self-esteem and narcissism…

Golmaryami, Farrah N.; Barry, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

455

Self-Esteem and Delinquency Revisited (Again): A Test of Kaplan's Self-Derogation Theory of Delinquency Using Latent Growth Curve Modeling.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied the relationship between self-esteem and delinquency using latent growth curve modeling. Analyses of panel data for 2,213 adolescent boys from the Youth in Transition Study supported Kaplan's self-derogation theory of delinquency (H. Kaplan, 1978) by showing that delinquency was positively associated with growth in self-esteem among…

Mason, W. Alex

2001-01-01

456

The Effects of Participation in Group Counseling Sessions on Self-Esteem and Locus of Control among Adolescents from Divorced Families.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined efficacy of group counseling for adolescents from divorced families, investigating effects of participation in group sessions on adolescents' self-esteem and locus of control orientation. Results indicated that, compared to controls (N=30), program participants (N=30) had higher post-test levels of self-esteem and possessed a more…

Omizo, Michael M.; Omizo, Sharon A.

1988-01-01

457

Testing the Vulnerability and Scar Models of Self-Esteem and Depressive Symptoms from Adolescence to Middle Adulthood and across Generations  

Science.gov (United States)

The vulnerability model states that low self-esteem functions as a predictor for the development of depressive symptoms whereas the scar model assumes that these symptoms leave scars in individuals resulting in lower self-esteem. Both models have received empirical support, however, they have only been tested within individuals and not across…

Steiger, Andrea E.; Fend, Helmut A.; Allemand, Mathias

2015-01-01

458

Self-Esteem Is Relatively Stable Late in Life: The Role of Resources in the Health, Self-Regulation, and Social Domains  

Science.gov (United States)

A large body of research has documented changes in self-esteem across adulthood and individual-difference correlates thereof. However, little is known about whether people maintain their self-esteem until the end of life and what role key risk factors in the health, cognitive, self-regulatory, and social domains play. To examine these questions,…

Wagner, Jenny; Hoppmann, Christiane; Ram, Nilam; Gerstorf, Denis

2015-01-01

459

Looking beyond Grades: Comparing Self-Esteem and Perceived Academic Control as Predictors of First-Year College Students' Well-Being  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research has found perceived academic control (PAC) to be a better predictor of first-year college students' grades than self-esteem; however, it is uncertain which construct is more important for students' well-being. The current study compared PAC and self-esteem on first-year college students' emotions, perceived stress, and…

Stupnisky, Robert H.; Perry, Raymond P.; Renaud, Robert D.; Hladkyj, Steve

2013-01-01

460

Using the Achieving Success Everyday (ASE) Group Model to Promote Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement for English as a Second Language (ESL) Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The Achieving Success Everyday (ASE) group model is used to promote self-esteem and academic performance of English as a second language (ESL) students. The findings from the preliminary data indicated that the participants' self-esteem was significantly improved after participation in the group. There was no significant improvement in the total…

Shi, Qi; Steen, Sam

2012-01-01

461

Body weight has no impact on self-esteem of minority children living in inner city, low-income neighborhoods: a cross-sectional study  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between body weight and self-esteem among underserved minority children is not well documented. We measured the self-esteem profile using the Self-Perception Profile for Children among 910 minority children at 17 Houston community centers. Weight status had no effect on any of the s...

462

Art Therapy Strategies to Raise Self-Esteem in Female Juvenile Offenders: A Comparison of Art Psychotherapy and Art as Therapy Approaches  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory, quasi-experimental study compared the impact of 2 art therapy approaches on the self-esteem of 27 female juvenile offenders. Participants took part in an art psychotherapy or an art as therapy group intervention. Self-esteem was measured with a questionnaire designed by the authors and the Harter Adolescent Self-Perception…

Hartz, Liz; Thick, Lynette

2005-01-01

463

The mediating effects of self-esteem and delinquency on the relationship between family social capital and adolescents’ educational achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Using a nationally representative data of rural adolescent boys and girls in 10th grade through 12th grade, this study explored the mediating effects of self-esteem and delinquency on the educational achievement of rural adolescents. Structural equation modeling analyses reveal that the combination of self-esteem and delinquency completely mediates the influence of family social capital on educational achievement. The findings of the models make a compelling case that the impact of family processes on educational achievement is indirect rather than direct.

Omolola Abiola Adedokun

2008-07-01

464

What Is Implicit Self-Esteem, and Does it Vary Across Cultures?  

Science.gov (United States)

Implicit self-esteem (ISE), which is often defined as automatic self-evaluations, fuses research on unconscious processes with that on self-esteem. As ISE is viewed as immune to explicit control, it affords the testing of theoretical questions such as whether cultures vary in self-enhancement motivations. We provide a critical review and integration of the work on (a) the operationalization of ISE and (b) possible cultural variation in self-enhancement motivations. Although ISE measures do not often vary across cultures, recent meta-analyses and empirical studies question the validity of the most common way of defining ISE. We revive an alternative conceptualization that defines ISE in terms of how positively people evaluate objects that reflect upon themselves. This conceptualization suggests that ISE research should target alternative phenomena (e.g., minimal group effect, similarity-attraction effect, endowment effect) and it allows for a host of previous cross-cultural findings to bear on the question of cultural variability in ISE. PMID:25063044

Falk, Carl F; Heine, Steven J

2015-05-01

465

Parental attachment as a mediator between parental social support and self-esteem as perceived by korean sports middle and high school athletes.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary.-This study examined whether parental attachment mediates the relationship between parental social support and self-esteem in Korean middle and high school athletes. 591 sports athletes attending middle and high schools that specialize in sport volunteered. Parental social support and parental attachment had a significant positive effect on self-esteem; parental attachment had a greater effect on self-esteem. In the structural relationship, direct effects of parental social support on self-esteem were weak, but indirect effects through parental attachment were strong. Therefore, parental attachment complementally mediated the relationship between parental social support and self-esteem. Metric invariance was supported for groups categorized by sex, region, and school level, confirming that the model could be applied to various groups. PMID:25621525

Kang, Sangwook; Jeon, Hyunsoo; Kwon, Sungho; Park, Seungha

2015-02-01

466

Bachman’s Sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis response to variation in the extent of burns conducted during the nesting season  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bachman’s Sparrow (Peucaea aestivalis, an endemic North American passerine, requires frequent (? 3 yr prescribed fires to maintain preferred habitat conditions. Prescribed fires that coincide with the sparrow’s nesting season are increasingly used to manage sparrow habitat, but concerns exist regarding the effects that nesting-season fires may pose to this understory-dwelling species. Previous studies suggested that threats posed by fires might be lessened by reducing the extent of prescribed fires, thereby providing unburned areas close to the areas where fires eliminate ground-cover vegetation. To assess this hypothesis, we monitored color-marked male Bachman’s Sparrows on 2 sites where the extent of nesting-season fires differed 5-fold (> 70 ha vs. 100,000 ha using frequent prescribed fire (? 2-yr return intervals. Additional research is needed regarding the effects that nesting-season fires may have on small, isolated populations as well as sites where much larger burn extents (> 100 ha or longer burn intervals (> 2 yr are used.

Clark D. Jones

2014-06-01

467

Wherever I May Roam: Processes of Self-Esteem Development From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood in the Context of International Student Exchange.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous studies on self-esteem development show substantial changes as well as interindividual differences in change from adolescence to young adulthood. However, the processes underlying these developmental trajectories are still not well understood. The aim of the present study was to shed light on the macro- and microprocesses of self-esteem development. We investigated a sample of 876 German high school students (M = 16.0 years at Time 1) participating in an international exchange year. Exchange students provided 3 waves of trait self-esteem data (shortly before they departed, immediately after return, and 1 year later), as well as 9 monthly state measures of self-esteem and social inclusion during their stay abroad. In addition, a control group of high school students who stayed in Germany (N = 714) provided 2 waves of trait self-esteem data. From a macroperspective, results showed an effect of student exchange on trait self-esteem development: Exchange students showed a steeper mean-level increase and a lower rank-order stability compared with control students. Zooming in on the microprocesses underlying these developmental patterns, we found trait changes in exchange students to be mediated by state changes in self-esteem during their exchange. These fluctuations in state self-esteem were found to be predicted by feelings of social inclusion in the host country, and vice versa, providing support for both sociometer and self-broadcasting perspectives on self-esteem dynamics. In sum, our findings emphasize the importance of incorporating a microanalytical approach when investigating self-esteem development by showing that the environment triggers changes in this relatively stable personality trait through changes in states. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25285967

Hutteman, Roos; Nestler, Steffen; Wagner, Jenny; Egloff, Boris; Back, Mitja D

2014-10-01

468

Quality of life and self-esteem of patients with intestinal stoma / Qualidade de vida e autoestima em pacientes com estoma intestinal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a qualidade de vida e a autoestima em pacientes com estoma intestinal. Trata-se de um estudo clínico, primário, descritivo e analítico. Este estudo foi realizado no Pólo dos ostomizados de Pouso Alegre, após aprovação pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Facul [...] dade de Ciências da Saúde “Dr. José Antônio Garcia Coutinho", sob o parecer no 23.277. Foram utilizados três instrumentos para a coleta de dados da pesquisa: questionário sobre os dados demográficos e estoma, Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg/UNIFESP-EPM e Escala de Qualidade de Vida de Flanagan. Foram utilizados para a análise estatística os seguintes testes: Qui-quadrado e Kruskal-Wallis e correlação de Spearman. Para todos os testes estatísticos, foi considerado o nível de significância de 5% (p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of life and self-esteem in patients with intestinal stoma. This is a clinical, primary, descriptive, analytical study, conducted at the Ostomized People's Pole of Pouso Alegre, after approval by the Ethics Committee of the Faculdade de Ciências [...] da Saúde Dr. Jose Antonio Garcia Coutinho under opinion No. 23,227. Three instruments - a questionnaire on demographics and stoma, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale/UNIFESP-EPM and Flanagan Quality of Life Scale - were used in the data collection. The following tests were used for statistical analysis: chi-squared and Kruskal-Wallis tests and Spearman correlation. For all statistical tests, the level of significance of 5% (p

Geraldo Magela, Salomé; Sergio Aguinaldo de, Almeida; Maiko Moura, Silveira.

2014-12-01

469

Investigation of Starting Romantic Intimacy in Emerging Adulthood in Terms of Self-Esteem, Gender and Gender Roles  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims, firstly, to examine whether gender plays a decisive role in starting romantic intimacy during the emerging adulthood period; secondly, to compare emerging adults who are assigned different gender roles, in terms of starting romantic intimacy; and thirdly, to analyze the level at which self-esteem and gender roles predict the…

Eryilmaz, Ali; Atak, Hasan

2011-01-01

470

Influence of Risk Factors and Cultural Assets on Latino Adolescents' Trajectories of Self-Esteem and Internalizing Symptoms  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we examined longitudinal, person-centered trajectories of acculturation, internalizing symptoms, and self-esteem in 349 Latino adolescents. We compared acculturation measures (time in the US, culture-of-origin involvement, US cultural involvement, for both parents and adolescents); acculturation stressors (perceived discrimination,…

Smokowski, Paul Richard; Rose, Roderick A.; Bacallao, Martica

2010-01-01

471

Impact of Acculturation, Ethnic Identity and Peer Influence on Substance Use, Depression, and Self-Esteem in Middle School Students  

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Given the changing racial/ethnic composition of the United States, the impact of culture on adolescent health risk behaviors is an emerging and important issue. The purpose of the present study was to examine acculturation and ethnic identity and its impact on substance use, depression, and self-esteem in a sample of middle school students.…

Lopez, Adriana

2012-01-01

472

Acculturation and Substance Use among Hispanic Early Adolescents: Investigating the Mediating Roles of Acculturative Stress and Self-Esteem  

Science.gov (United States)

We examined the extent to which Hispanic orientation and American orientation are associated with substance use (cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana) both directly and indirectly through acculturative stress and self-esteem. Participants were 347 Hispanic early adolescents (50.7% male; mean age = 12.57, SD = 0.92, range 11-15) from two middle…

Zamboanga, Byron L.; Schwartz, Seth J.; Jarvis, Lorna Hernandez; Van Tyne, Kathryne

2009-01-01

473

Effects of Familial Attachment, Social Support, Involvement, and Self-Esteem on Youth Substance Use and Sexual Risk Taking  

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A study of protective factors against substance use and sexual risk taking was conducted among 610 high-poverty urban youth. Higher levels of family attachment, social support, involvement, and self-esteem were associated with lower levels of risk behaviors. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)

Peterson, Christina Hamme; Buser, Trevor J.; Westburg, Nancy G.

2010-01-01

474

Students aggress against professors in reaction to receiving poor grades: an effect moderated by student narcissism and self-esteem.  

Science.gov (United States)

Laboratory evidence about whether students' evaluations of teaching (SETs) are valid is lacking. Results from three (3) independent studies strongly confirm that "professors" who were generous with their grades were rewarded for their favor with higher SETs, while professors who were frugal were punished with lower SETs (Study 1, d = 1.51; Study 2, d = 1.59; Study 3, partial ?(2) = .26). This result was found even when the feedback was manipulated to be more or less insulting (Study 3). Consistent with laboratory findings on direct aggression, results also indicated that, when participants were given a poorer feedback, higher self-esteem (Study 1 and Study 2) and higher narcissism (Study 1) were associated with them giving lower (more aggressive) evaluations of the "professor." Moreover, consistent with findings on self-serving biases, participants higher in self-esteem who were in the positive grade/feedback condition exhibited a self-enhancing bias by giving their "professor" higher evaluations (Study 1 and Study 2). The aforementioned relationships were not moderated by the professor's sex or rank (teaching assistant vs.professor). Results provide evidence that (1) students do aggress against professors through poor teaching evaluations, (2) threatened egotism among individuals with high self-esteem is associated with more aggression, especially when coupled with high narcissism, and (3) self-enhancing biases are robust among those with high self-esteem. PMID:22997048

Vaillancourt, Tracy

2013-01-01

475

Adolescent Self-Esteem and Gender: Exploring Relations to Sexual Harassment, Body Image, Media Influence, and Emotional Expression.  

Science.gov (United States)

Evaluated self-reported influences on self-esteem involving the media, sexual harassment, body image, family and peer relationships, and emotional expression for 93 boys and 116 girls in grades 5, 8, and 12. Results generally supported a pattern in which boys and girls were most similar in late childhood and again in late adolescence. Discusses…

Polce-Lynch, Mary; Myers, Barbara J.; Kliewer, Wendy; Kilmartin, Christopher

2001-01-01