Rose, Darrell E., Ed.
The text, designed for students and others interested in clinical audiology, is intended to provide comprehensive coverage of not only important concepts in audiology but particularly of the methods and procedures used in audiological assessment. The functions of tests, the administration of specific tests, and the analysis of test results are…
Introduction The paper presents historical data on development of audiology as a medical specialty. It gives the chronological overview of the most significant discoveries which have contributed to the progress and constant development of the science of hearing. The insights and discoveries encompass the ancient, medieval and contemporary medical science. The term "audiology" and first associations of audiologists The paper reviews the origin of the term “audiology” and the time of its occurr...
Hindhede, Anette Lykke
This article addresses the social power variations in the context of audiological rehabilitation. The empirically based study examines the everyday interaction between professional medicine and the patient when hearing aids are being provided. By the use of video recordings an analysis is conduct...
Gallaudet Coll., Washington, DC. Pre-College Programs.
The manual describes audiology services offered at the Model Secondary School for the Deaf (MSSD). Components are listed for diagnostic services, instructional services, program development, training, and publications. Testing and reporting procedures for MSSD students are outlined. Testing includes pure-tone air conduction testing, tympanometry,…
Interviews with 37 individuals in Nicaragua were the basis of this review of the audiology field in that nation. The review covers the prevalence and etiology of hearing impairment, training for audiologists, government services for individuals with hearing impairment, private agencies concerned with hearing impairment, and fitting and use of…
Full Text Available Introduction The paper presents historical data on development of audiology as a medical specialty. It gives the chronological overview of the most significant discoveries which have contributed to the progress and constant development of the science of hearing. The insights and discoveries encompass the ancient, medieval and contemporary medical science. The term "audiology" and first associations of audiologists The paper reviews the origin of the term “audiology” and the time of its occurrence. The First World Congress of Audiologists was held in 1948, and the Conference of Audiologists and Phoniatrists of Yugoslavia was established in 1974. Historical overview The ancient scientists and philosophers mentioned in the paper are as follows: Democritus, Hippocrates, Empedocles, Plato, Aristotle, and Galenus. Discoveries of Vesalius, Fallopio, Eustachio, Duverney, Schelhammer, Catugno and Helmholtz marked their epochs and made a great contribution to the development of the entire medical science, including audiology. A significant contribution to audiology was made by Schwartz in 1920 and Fletcher in 1926, constructors of audiometers. Fowler, Weigel and Fletcher promoted an audiogram in 1922. Wever and Bray first introduced the cochlear microphonic potentials. The first modern audiometer with a flat zero line for all pitches was constructed in 1937. In 1947, Békésy constructed the automatic audiometer, and the theory of mobile waves was introduced in 1928. Fletcher and Steinberg promoted speech audiometries in 1929. Mendel and Goldstein described medium latency responses in 1969. The first hearing aids worn within the ear appeared in the same year. William House pioneered the cochlear implantation in adults in 1969, and the program of infant cochlear implants. Jewett described the evoked auditory potentials in 1970. James Jerger classified tympanometric curves into three tympanogram types (A, B, C. Portmann and Arran introduced
Lykke Hindhede, Anette
This article addresses the social power variations in the context of audiological rehabilitation. The empirically based study examines the everyday interaction between professional medicine and the patient when hearing aids are being provided. By the use of video recordings an analysis is conducted...... of the structural level of rehabilitation practice for hard-of-hearing working age people in two outpatient clinics in two different public hospitals in Denmark. It is shown that the hearing aid fitting consultations are conducted in a ritualised manner which makes it possible to control what kind of...... experiences patients are allowed to bring to the audiological encounter. Bureaucratic time imperatives preclude patients' subjective experiences and standardised, normative accountabilities based on scientific knowledge work as an effective structuring principle to get the work done in the appropriate time....
Anwar, Naveed; Oakes, Michael; Wermter, Stefan; Heinrich, Stefan
In this paper we describe new results of statistical and neural data mining of audiology patient records, with the ultimate aim of looking for factors influencing which patients would most benefit from being fitted with a hearing aid. We describe how a combination of neural and statistical techniques can usefully subdivide a set of patients into clusters, based on their hearing thresholds at six different frequencies, and then label the clusters with meaningful text labels. In our first exper...
Lykke Hindhede, Anette; Parving, Agnete
The present contribution briefly describes the history of Danish Audiology during the last 50-60 years from the establishment of the National Hearing Health Services (NHHS). The progress within the field is framed according to the theory of Bourdieu challenging the present concept of evidence...... regarded as a potential reduction for future research and training within audiology. In contrast, the political field considers it as an improvement despite the substantial increase in costs for the state....
Razack, Zaim Riza
This article examines issues related to the provision of educational audiological services that are sensitive to the needs of a diverse population. The focus is on paradigm shifts from traditional clinical audiology to classroom-based educational audiology and use of a cyclical reflective process. Critical components of courses offered at York…
Full Text Available Introduction Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma is a rare, but important cause of sensorineural hearing loss. Patients with asymmetric hearing loss, or unilateral tinnitus should be evaluated expeditiously, to prevent further neurological damage. Audiologic diagnostics Audiologic diagnostics represents the basic diagnosis for early detection of vestibular schwannoma. Patients with vestibular schwannomas may present with a variety of clinical features, including retrocochlear pattern of sensorineural hearing loss. Supraliminary audiometry, tympano- metry, stapedius reflex and otoacoustic emissions as well as vestibular response to caloric testing are methods for selection of patients with suspicion of this tumor. Conclusion The golden standard for audiologic diagnostics of vestibular schwannoma is BAEP (Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials. Patients with pathological findings of BAEP should undergo MRI of the posterior fossa. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is the best and final tool for making a diagnosis of vestibular schwannoma.
Full Text Available Introduction: The agricultural airplane pilot are daily exposed to intense noises, being susceptible to the noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL and its auditory and extra auditory effects. Objective: To analyze the audiological profile of this population, verifying the work's influence on its hearing. Method: It was realized a retrospective, individual, observational, and cross-sectional study through the data obtained by means of a questionnaire and audiometric thresholds of 41 agricultural pilots. To the statistical analysis were utilized the chi-square, Spearman, and Wilcoxon tests with significance level of 5%. Results: It was verified that 95,1% of the pilots use PPE ( personal protective equipment during flight and 58,5% have contact with pesticides. More than half of individuals referred to feel auditory and extra auditory symptoms, being the buzz the more frequent (29,1%. It has the occurrence of 29,3% of NIHL suggestive hearing loss and 68,3% of normality, taking this presence of unilateral notch in 24,4% and bilateral notch in 31,7%. It was found correlation statistically significant in the associations between time of service and the average of the acute frequencies in the right ear (p=0038, and in the left ear (p=0,010. It has a statistical tendency in the association between audiometric configuration and contact with pesticides (p=0,088. Conclusion: The hearing loss prevalence in this study was showed high. More than half of the sample has normal audiometric thresholds with notch configuration. Such data lead to the conclusion that the agricultural pilots, even with PPE use, they still suffer with the damages caused by noise, needing best proposals of hearing loss prevention.
Members (n=182) of the Educational Audiology Association were surveyed to determine emerging levels of best practices in the field. Demographic data, uses of amplification, the role of the educational audiologist as case manager/consultant, and both clinical and professional concerns are discussed. Areas for further research are suggested.…
The title of my bachelor´s work is The Musical-pathogenical influences from the View of Audiology. It has theoretically-empirical character and should document consequences of noise on hearing and damage of hearing. Theoretical part deal with perception of music, physiology of hearing and musical ecology. The second part should present audiology and importance of this discipline. There are in details described anatomy and physiology of an ear and the special audiological methods. In theoretic...
Audiologic es una empresa que nace en el 2009 con el fin de proveer equipos de amplificación sonora y hasta la fecha los contratos que se han firmado, no generan la rentabilidad suficiente para que ésta sea una empresa auto-sostenible. Aunque ha realizado un trabajo de publicidad y divulgación de forma empírica, los resultados de estas actividades no han sido suficientes, además no cuenta con página web oficial ni manejo de redes sociales. Mediante este proyecto los emprendedores pretende...
Knudsen, Line V; Laplante-Levesque, Ariane; Jones, Lesley; Preminger, Jill E.; Nielsen, Claus; Lunner, Thomas; Hickson, Louise; Naylor, Graham; Kramer, Sophia E.
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research methodologies are being used more frequently in audiology as it allows for a better understanding of the perspectives of people with hearing impairment. This article describes why and how international interdisciplinary qualitative research can be conducted. DESIGN: This paper is based on a literature review and our recent experience with the conduction of an international interdisciplinary qualitative study in audiology. RESULTS: We describe some available qua...
Oh, Soo Hee; Lee, Junghak
The present report provides an overview of terminology studies in audiology including topics and study characteristics, as well as categorizing the main issues. The goals are to improve the understanding of the current issues for terminology in audiology and to provide some basic information that will be useful to develop an international standard. Search procedures were completed over two phases. Phase 1 included a systematic electronic searches using MEDLINE (PubMed), Excerpta Medica Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and International Organization for Standardization with keywords related to terminology of audiology. The studies were initially identified according to the titles of 2921 publications following careful abstract examination. Of these, whole texts of 16 publications were retrieved. Five papers met the inclusion criteria were further investigated. In phase 2, a manual search was conducted to collect additional publications with keywords related to terminology project in audiology. A total of 16 papers were found. The essential terminology issues classified included 'appropriateness,' 'classification/framework,' 'inconsistency of terminology,' 'multilingual and international aspects,' and 'service quality/delivery including communication and accessibility.' This was indicative of the paucity of terminology research in audiology, despite recurring terminology issues. Establishment of standardized terminology in audiology may minimize current challenging terminology issues by improving appropriateness and consistency of terminology as well as communication among relevant stakeholders at national and international levels. PMID:27626085
Oyler, Robert F.; Gross, Shannon R.
This study surveyed audiology program directors (N=46) and audiologists (N=70) concerning preparation in pediatric audiology, specifically general program characteristics, education and training in pediatric audiology, affiliation with a pediatric medical facility, affiliation with school systems, and perceived adequacy of preparation. Comparison…
Johnson, Carole E.
Discusses multiskilling and use of support personnel in educational audiology in reference to the following principles: guidelines, models of multiskilling, components of successful multiskilling, and do's and don'ts for multiskilling. These principles are illustrated through the use of multiskilling in the establishment of a hearing-aid…
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.
The handbook contains State Education Department rules and regulations that govern speech-language pathology and audiology in New York State. The handbook also describes licensure and first registration as a licensed speech-language pathologist or audiologist. The introduction discusses professional regulation in New York State while the second…
Berg, Frederick S.
The audiology curriculum of the Department of Communicative Disorders at Utah State University which has been developed to prepare specialists in clinical and/or educational management of aurally handicapped children is described. Focused upon are prevalence of children's unilateral and bilateral hearing loss, areas affected by hearing impairment…
Lipan, Michael J.; Eshraghi, Adrien A.
Congenital abnormalities of the outer ear pose a reconstructive challenge for plastic surgeons and otologists. Many patients with microtia of the auricle have concurrent atresia of the external auditory canal. The hearing loss associated with canal atresia can have long-lasting effects if not treated promptly and appropriately. The diagnosis and workup for canal atresia requires an otologic evaluation. Audiologic and radiologic evaluations direct treatment, which varies depending on unilatera...
Gomes, Ariana Braga; Pereira, Rodrigo Guimarães; Vassoler, Tríssia Maria Farah; Alcantara, Lauro João Lobo; Zimmermann, Elise; Santos, Mara Lúcia Schmitz Ferreira
Introduction: Mucopolysaccharidosis are characterized by the deficit of lysosomal enzymes corrupting the glycosaminoglycans. Accumulating these metabolites causes several alterations, such as otologic alterations. Objective: To evaluate a number of patients with mucopolysaccharidosis at Pequeno Principe Hospital, emphasizing their audiologic alterations and establish a permanent evaluation protocol for these patients. Method: A backward-looking study of audiologic evaluation by using records ...
Butler, Charles E.; Martin, Frederick N.
A survey questionnaire of 32 adult deaf subjects evaluated their knowledge of and interest in audiology and services of audiologists. Issues examined included communication, practices in audiology, deafness, hearing, the auditory system, delivery of specific services to the deaf community and general interrelationships in the deaf community.…
Allard, J. Brad; Golden, Diane Cordry
Comparison of three audiology service delivery systems--(1) school-based audiology within the district, (2) non-school-based audiology in the community, and (3) school-based audiology in a remote community--found the local school-based delivery system superior on various quality indicators. (Author/DB)
Isha Preet Tuli
Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of our study is to find out whether early identification and intervention prevents severe linguistic and communication delays, minimizing the need for more elaborate rehabilitation during the school years. Design and Study Sample: A Cross-sectional study was carried out on one hundred and eleven children with documented deaf-mutism presenting at the Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology in two different geographical regions of India. Detailed history, clinical and audiological assessment along with assessment of the language and communication skills according to American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA guidelines was done. Results: The children were predominantly male, of low socio-economic background, presented for rehabilitation, mostly after the age of six years. They commonly had more than 70dBHL (decibel hearing level hearing threshold. The study found that the children who presented early for diagnosis and hearing aid usage had better response to rehabilitation. Conclusion: It is important that hearing loss be detected at an early age and amplification should be introduced as early as possible once there has been a diagnosis of a hearing loss. So that early intervention can have an impact on speech and language development. Without concurrent follow-up program, identification of hearing loss early in children is meaningless.
Given the growth in the aging population, low hearing uptake rates and the emerging science indicating that age-related hearing loss has long term consequences to health and wellness, an interventional audiology strategy is needed. This paper will define interventional audiology and offer guidance on bringing an interventional audiology to life in clinical practice.
Given the growth in the aging population, low hearing uptake rates and the emerging science indicating that age-related hearing loss has long term consequences to health and wellness, an interventional audiology strategy is needed. This paper will define interventional audiology and offer guidance on bringing an interventional audiology to life in clinical practice. PMID:27516719
Muhammad N. Anwar; Michael P. Oakes; Ken McGarry
In this paper, we have used the chi-squared test and Yule’s Q measure to discover associations in tables of patient audiology data. These records are examples of heterogeneous medical records, since they contain audiograms, textual notes and typical relational fields. In our first experiment we used the chi-squared measure to discover associations between the different fields of audiology data such as patient gender and patient age with diagnosis. Then, in our second experiment we used Yule’s...
Bauch, Christopher D.; And Others
Audiologic test results were reviewed for 30 patients whose hearing was preserved following eighth nerve tumor surgery. Improved auditory brainstem response tracings were seen as probably indicating increased neural synchrony due to reduced pressure on the cochlear nerve following surgery, whereas reduced hearing sensitivity probably reflects…
Munoz, Karen F.; Bradham, Tamala S.; Nelson, Lauri
State coordinators of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs completed a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats, or SWOT, analysis that examined 12 areas within state EHDI programs. For audiological evaluation and services, 299 items were listed by 49 coordinators, and themes were identified within each SWOT category.…
Hayes, Deborah; Eclavea, Elaine; Dreith, Susan; Habte, Bereket
This manuscript describes a pilot project in which infants in Guam who refer on newborn hearing screening receive diagnostic audiological evaluation conducted by audiologists in Colorado over the Internet (telepractice). The evaluation is completed in real time using commercially-available software and personal computers to control the diagnostic…
Rehabilitation Services Administration (DHEW), Washington, DC.
A listing of speech pathology and audiology services in the United States, the guide includes the names of 910 clinics and of 216 members of the American Speech and Hearing Association who are engaged in full time private practice. Arranged geographically, by state and city, the guide specifies the following for each clinic: official name,…
Lenich, Jennifer Komnick; And Others
This paper discusses the practice of educational audiology, its legislative basis, and services offered to hearing-impaired children, such as a high-risk register/referral system, comprehensive screening program, and classroom acoustics management. A plan for in-service education and a proposal for an accreditation program in Educational Audiology…
Bakare, C. A.
Speech and language disorder is seen as a characteristic feature in most of the areas of exceptionalities identified as the hearing impaired, the visually impaired, the mentally retarded, the physically handicapped, and learning disabilities. Commonalities of speech pathology/audiology and special education are discussed. (MLW)
Donald, Ashleigh J.; Kelly-Campbell, Rebecca J.
Objective: The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to evaluate a typical pediatric diagnostic audiology report to establish its readability and comprehensibility for parents and, second, to revise the report to improve its readability, as well as the comprehension, sense of self-efficacy, and positive opinions of parent readers. Method: In…
Khunti, K; Carr, M
There is a large demand for the provision of hearing aids. However, there are lengthy delays involved between referral and fitment of National Health Service (NHS) hearing aids. This report shows that a general practice based audiology clinic can lead to an increase in the number of patients referred and fitted with a hearing aid. The introduction of the clinic also led to reduced waiting times for patients to be fitted with hearing aids.
Gomes, Ariana Braga
Full Text Available Introduction: Mucopolysaccharidosis are characterized by the deficit of lysosomal enzymes corrupting the glycosaminoglycans. Accumulating these metabolites causes several alterations, such as otologic alterations. Objective: To evaluate a number of patients with mucopolysaccharidosis at Pequeno Principe Hospital, emphasizing their audiologic alterations and establish a permanent evaluation protocol for these patients. Method: A backward-looking study of audiologic evaluation by using records of 18 patients diagnosed with mucopolysaccharidosis and attended at Pequeno Principe Hospital between January 2005 and November 2010. Results: 7 records were selected, out of which only one did not have a hearing loss, and most of them presented conductive or mixed hearing loss, and only one had an exclusively sensorineural loss. Six of these patients had also been submitted to at least one otorhinolaryngological procedure. Conclusion: Mucopolysaccharidosis patients require a permanent care and a multidisciplinary follow-up. The pediatric otorhinolaryngologist plays an important role when performing the otologic and audiologic evaluation and managing the airways, since almost all the patients evaluated presented some kind of hearing loss and an indication of otorhinolaryngologic procedure. The pattern determined in our service was at least an initial consultation when there is a suspicion and/or diagnosis of MPS and sequential consultations that were at least twice a year or more frequent, if necessary.
McErlain, Eileen; Squibb, Kevin
In the areas of audiology and speech science, computer technology has moved to the forefront in both the clinical and laboratory settings. It is imperative that students in both speech-language pathology and audiology acquire fundamental skills with all aspects of computer technology in order to maintain professional marketability. A survey of 75…
Hindhede, Anette Lykke; Larsen, Kristian
In this paper, we trace the history of those forms of rationality that comprise the present situation in hearing clinics. The paper takes as a starting point the 1950s when audiology became a public service. The formation of the field of audiology is framed according to Bourdieu's conception of...... fields. This approach allows for constructing results in a historical account where we focus on scientific developments emerging as alliances and conflicts between claims of authority and their subsequent impact on rehabilitative audiology and the different conceptualisations of hearing impairment. How...... the audiological field is structured and how services are provided are matters of 'accumulated history'. Our findings illustrate how the myth of present audiological scientific reason is not merely logical and rational but also complex and contradictory....
Pfiffner, Flurin; Caversaccio, Marco-Domenico; Kompis, Martin
The level of improvement in the audiological results of Baha(®) users mainly depends on the patient's preoperative hearing thresholds and the type of Baha sound processor used. This investigation shows correlations between the preoperative hearing threshold and postoperative aided thresholds and audiological results in speech understanding in quiet of 84 Baha users with unilateral conductive hearing loss, bilateral conductive hearing loss and bilateral mixed hearing loss. Secondly, speech understanding in noise of 26 Baha users with different Baha sound processors (Compact, Divino, and BP100) is investigated. Linear regression between aided sound field thresholds and bone conduction (BC) thresholds of the better ear shows highest correlation coefficients and the steepest slope. Differences between better BC thresholds and aided sound field thresholds are smallest for mid-frequencies (1 and 2 kHz) and become larger at 0.5 and 4 kHz. For Baha users, the gain in speech recognition in quiet can be expected to lie in the order of magnitude of the gain in their hearing threshold. Compared to its predecessor sound processors Baha(®) Compact and Baha(®) Divino, Baha(®) BP100 improves speech understanding in noise significantly by +0.9 to +4.6 dB signal-to-noise ratio, depending on the setting and the use of directional microphone. For Baha users with unilateral and bilateral conductive hearing loss and bilateral mixed hearing loss, audiological results in aided sound field thresholds can be estimated with the better BC hearing threshold. The benefit in speech understanding in quiet can be expected to be similar to the gain in their sound field hearing threshold. The most recent technology of Baha sound processor improves speech understanding in noise by an order of magnitude that is well perceived by users and which can be very useful in everyday life. PMID:21389707
Sjoblad, Stephanie; Abel, Debbie
The hearing aid delivery landscape has dramatically changed over the past several years, with a commercial payer, the Internet, and big box stores dispensing hearing aids directly to patients. The audiology community needs to modify the bundled billing model. This session will describe how to optimize the services you provide to current and new patients and change the hearing aid delivery and hearing aid pricing model to remain competitive with these new market trends. This activity will educate participants on itemized billing, sometimes referred to as unbundling, its pros and cons, and how it could aid audiologists in differentiating themselves in the hearing aid delivery landscape. PMID:27516720
Objective: To study the relationship between the size ofpontocerebellar angle tumor and audiology.Methods: Retrospective analysis of accoustically evoked brainstem response (ABR) waveforms and pure tone threshold in 27 subjects with tumor of pontocerebellar angle.Results: ABR wave forms and pure tone threshold were significantly affected statistically by the size of tumors,especially those tumor larger than 3 cm in diameter.Conclusion: The primary symptom of the patient was unilateral hearing loss.Early discovery of the lesion is important and ABR is a sensitive tool for early diagnose of the tumor.
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Currently available evidence reveals comparatively few studies of psychological effects of hearing impairments, in spite of the fact that clinicians have for a long time been aware of a connection between the acquired hearing impairment and mental disorders. They are focused on the investigation of dysfunction in general. Thus, three domains of the auditory imbalance may be distinguished: disorder, disability and handicap. 'Handicap', according to the definition of the World Health Organization, is a hindrance in an individual that results from an impairment or disability and represents psychological response of the individual to the impairment. OBJECTIVE Validation of acquired hearing impairment as a risk factor of psychical disorders as well as an analysis of relation of some demographic factors (sex, age, education and audiological factors (degree and duration of the impairment with the frequency of hearing handicap. METHOD MMPI-201 has been applied in 60 subjects affected with otosclerosis, potential candidates for stapedectomy, before and after the surgery. RESULTS Individuals with acquired hearing impairment manifest more frequent disorders of psychical functioning in comparison with general population, while demographic and audiometric parameters did not correlate with acquired hearing handicap. CONCLUSION It may be assumed that the very recognition of demographic and audio-logical factors can not help much in the understanding of the psychological stress associated with hearing impairment.
Brouwer, Catherine E.
audiologist, however, is trained to deal with the intersection of technical or physiological evaluations. The issue, therefore, is how the client comes to mention cognitive abilities, despite the audiologists agenda. Using conversation analysis as a methodology, video recorded audiology consultations are...... examined in order to show how the client’s mentioning of his cognitive abilities appear in a specific sequential environment: Right after the audiologist has expressed or implied reservations with regard to whether the client’s report on hearing experiences can be accurate. The remarks seem to appeal to a...... establishing such a report, clients at times mention issues regarding their cognitive abilitities, rather than only reporting physiological or technical issues. These mentionings can be direct (as in ‘do you think I am imagining this?’) or reported (as in ‘in such situations, I appear as an idiot’). The...
Kamm, C; Carterette, E C; Morgan, D E; Dirks, D D
Computer methods, based on the theory and application of signal processing, combined with numerical methods for simulating mathematical processes, facilitate greater objectivity in most aspects of speech intelligibility testing, including specification of the stimuli, control of the tests, evaluation of the responses, corrective feedback, and automatic interpretation. This paper discusses several basic issues in digital signal processing, and also describes the application of computer-aided procedures for recording and delivery of speech materials for audiologic research. Examples of the use of computer procedures for manipulation of digitized stimuli demonstrate the increased efficiency and versatility of these procedures compared to more conventional tape recording methods. In addition, the use of digitized recordings allows more reliable specification of speech levels than conventional calibration methods involving observations of signal peaks on a VU-meter. PMID:7442206
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To correlate the audio-logical profile in diabetes mellitus with inflammatory markers (TNFα, IL-6, CRP, and FREE RAICALS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A two year prospective study of Audio-logical profile and its correlation with inflammatory markers was done in 35 diabetic patients attending Diabetic OPD and ENT OPD at RMMCH between 2012- 2014.Patients with diabetes mellitus on oral hypoglycaemic agents or insulin therapy was subjected to Pure Tone Audiometry using Arphi Audiometer-Model 700MK4 and Inflammatory marker study. STATISTICS AND ANALYSIS: P-value was found out by ANOVA method to find out the significance of auditory thresholds between various categories of parameters. RESULTS: Patients with Diabetes Mellitus were more commonly affected by Sensori-neural Hearing loss in the age group between 41- 49 years accounting for 77.14%. Females were more affected in our study in the ratio3.3:1. Hearing loss was bilaterally symmetrical and of sensori-neural type affecting mainly the higher frequencies. In 77.1% of our patients the duration of diabetes mellitus was less than 5years, however there was no correlation between the duration of diabetes mellitus and hearing loss. Control in the severity of diabetes mellitus lead to improvement in hearing thresholds, which was statistically significant at higher frequencies. CONCLUSION: There was a positive correlation between increased level of inflammatory markers-TNF α, IL-6, CRP, free radicals and hearing loss in diabetes mellitus. However the inclusion of elevated markers as a prognostic index to assess the degree of deafness and its relation to microangiopathy needs further studies and its role in prevention of deafness in diabetes mellitus needs further evaluation.
Deidré Breytenbach; Alta Kritzinger; Maggi Soer
Background: In future, the South African Department of Health aims to purchase services from accredited private service providers. Successful private audiology practices can assist to address issues of access, equity and quality of health services. It is not sufficient to be an excellent clinician, since audiology practices are businesses that must also be managed effectively.Objective: The objective was to determine the existing and required levels of practice management knowledge as perceiv...
Sunita Gudwani; Munjal, Sanjay K.; Panda, Naresh K.; Roshan K. Verma
Purpose. Subjective tinnitus has different forms and degrees of severity. Many studies in the literature have assessed psychoacoustic characteristics of tinnitus but hardly any of them had focused on the association of audiological profile with onset duration and loudness perception. The aim of this study was to evaluate existence of any association between tinnitus loudness/onset duration and audiological profile to explain differences in prognosis. Method. Study design was prospective. The ...
Michael Oleksiak; Bridget M. Smith, PhD; Justin R. St. Andre, MA; Carly M. Caughlan, AuD; Monica Steiner, MD
We examined the prevalence, severity, etiology, and treatment of audiology problems among Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). A retrospective chart review was performed of 250 Veterans with mild TBI. Results of a comprehensive second-level mild TBI evaluation and subsequent visits to audiology were evaluated. We found the vast majority (87%) of Veterans reported some level of hearing disturbance and those involved in bl...
Easwar, Vijayalakshmi; Boothalingam, Sriram; Chundu, Srikanth; Manchaiah, Vinaya K. C.; Ismail, S. Mohammed
The field of Audiology in India has expanded exponentially in recent years. Audiologists practice in a variety of work places. However, little is known about the practice trends across these several work places. An Internet-based survey probing into Audiology practice was conducted between June and September 2012. The survey focused on four domains, namely, demography, assessment, hearing aid (HA) fitting and protocol usage. A total of 199 audiologists completed the survey. A large proportion...
Objectives The objective of this research is to find the factors associated with tinnitus masker from the literature, and by using the large amount of audiology data available from a large NHS (National Health Services, UK) hearing aid clinic. The factors evaluated were hearing impairment, age, gender, hearing aid type, mould and clinical comments. Design The research includes literature survey for factors associated with tinnitus masker, and performs the analysis of audiology data...
Duran, N; Buckley, C. E.; Ng, M. L.
No core list of periodicals exists for speech pathology and audiology. Faced with the prospect of having to cancer periodicals for all subjects, the science librarians at Illinois State University decided to determine which science periodicals were used most heavily. A one-year study of science periodical reshelving and interlibrary loan requests yielded ranked lists of periodicals important to speech pathology and audiology faculty and students at Illinois State University. The three most he...
Katijah, Khoza-Shangase; Emma, Rifkind Romi
The purpose of this study was to establish audiology referral protocols for post meningitis paediatric populations in two academic hospitals in Gauteng, South Africa. Specific objectives of this study included determining if audiological assessment referrals were made following infection; determining the time of referral post meningitis diagnosis; establishing what audiological assessments were conducted on this population, as well as determining any correlations between signs and symptoms of...
Full Text Available Daily activities, interpersonal relationship, employment, and general well being; among such skills, communication skills are essential to a successful life for all individuals. Such skills affect education, adequate hearing acuity is of paramount importance and acts as a prerequisite in the overall personality development of an individual. Hearing impairment at any age has serious effects on the day to day life of an individual and he/she feels handicapped socially, emotionally, and scholastically. A child stuck with this malady is a back bencher in the class, excommunicative, and absent-minded. This study was conducted in order to find out various causes of hearing impairment in children and to study role of various audiological and radiological tests in finding the cause of impaired hearing in children. Aims and Objectives: To assess the possible etiological causes of hearing impairment in children. Study role of various audiological tests in finding the cause of impaired hearing in children. Study Design: Prospective study. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of ENT and HNS of government medical college Srinagar. A total of 150 children of age range 0-14 years visited our ENT Department with complaints of impaired hearing, but only 70 children who met the inclusion criteria of impaired hearing and defective/delayed speech were selected for this study. Results of initial evaluation by means of comprehensive clinical history and followed by proper thorough systemic physical examination from head to toe was performed. These hearing impaired children were subjected to various subjective and objective tests; pure tone audiometry and behavioral observation audiometry were performed for subjective tests and impedance audiometry, Oto-acoustic emissions (OAE, and brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA were performed for objective tests. Results: Possible etiological cause on the basis of history were birth anoxia (2
Zocoli, Angela Maria Fontana; Morata, Thais Catalani; Marques, Jair Mendes; Corteletti, Lilian Jacob
The objective of this study was to examine behaviors and attitudes of Brazilian teenagers towards noise, and determine their audiological characteristics. Participants were 245 young persons (14 to 18 years old) who attended private school. Behaviors and attitudes were measured using the validated Portuguese version of the Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS). Pure-tone audiometry was used to evaluate the hearing of a sub-sample of 24 participants. Music played through personal media players was the most common exposure reported. A substantial percentage of participants reported temporary tinnitus (69%) after attending discos, music concerts, and listening to music through headphones. Tinnitus complaints were more frequent among females (41%) than males (27%). Four participants (1.6%) reported use of a hearing protector. Among a subsample of 24 participants, two (8%) young women had bilateral audiometric notches. YANS scores in the present study were slightly lower than those obtained in Sweden and the US, indicating a more negative attitude towards noise. Gender, age, country, and/or region are variables that will influence exposure to noise or music and possibly hearing outcomes. PMID:19863355
Full Text Available Objective: Tinnitus is widespread amongst clients attending hearing clinics and has been associated with a range of physical and emotional disorders. This study was undertaken with the assumption that tinnitus has a negative impact on psychological well-being as well as on mental concentration of the person. Materials and Methods: Three groups were selected, comprising 10 participants each. Two groups consisted of subjects with tinnitus complaints. The first group had no hearing loss (Tinnitus group (TIG, the second group had mild hearing loss (PTA >25, <40 dBHL (Tinnitus group with hearing impairment (TWHIG, and the third group had no tinnitus or hearing loss (Normal control group (NCG. After an audiological assessment, the following questionnaires were administered: 1 nature of tinnitus questionnaire, 2 tinnitus reaction questionnaire, 3 the symptom checklist (SCL-90-R, and 4 cognitive failure questionnaire (CFQ. Out of these, four were administered to all tinnitus groups while only the last two were administered on NCG. The results of these tests were compared using a t- test. Results: Participants with tinnitus reported significantly more psychological distress symptoms and everyday cognitive failures than the control group. Conclusion: Our assumption about the potential negative impact of tinnitus on psychological well-being as well as on mental concentration is supported by our study results. Implication: The present study indicates that there is a greater need for providing counseling as well as psychological intervention to reduce stress and assistance in coping with the cognitive failures for persons with tinnitus.
Cerom, Jaqueline Lourenço
Full Text Available Introduction: At the initial consultation, the speech-language pathologist and audiologist may consider possible diagnostic hypotheses based on the child's history and the parents' complaint. Aim: To investigate the association of hearing complaints with the findings obtained in the conventional audiologic assessment in children with cleft lip and palate. Retrospective study. Methods: We analyzed medical charts of 1000 patients with cleft lip and palate who underwent surgical repair between 1988 and 1995 at a mean age of 6 years 8 months. We excluded charts with records of inconsistent audiological responses and charts with missing data for any of the audiologic evaluations considered. Thus, the sample consisted of 393 records. Results: Two hundred thirty-nine patients presented hearing loss in one or both ears, but only 3.8% reported hearing complaints. The most frequent were otorrhea followed by otalgia. There was no statistical significance between the complaint and gender (p = 0.26 nor between the complaint and hearing loss (p = 0.83. Conclusion: This study showed no association between the hearing complaint and the conventional audiologic assessment.
Kinoshita, Sérgio Koodi
Full Text Available Introduction: The military police are a population exposed to noise impact due to training with firearms. Objective: To investigate the audiological profile of the military police in São Paulo state, and to correlate the age and duration of exposure and audiological findings. Method: In this study of case series, cross-sectional audiological evaluation was performed in 200 police officers being 169 (84.5% were male and 31 (15.5% females, aged between 25 and 45 years (mean 38.83 ± 5.05, average service time of 16.80 ± 6.27 years. Results: The main complains were: tinnitus (n=52/26%, hearing loss (n=36/18%, ear fullness (n=24/12% and autophonia (n=24/12%. Impedance were found in 100% of type A curves (JERGER, 1970, and recruitment was present in 20 (10% cases. According to the results of audiometry, the data showed that 54 (27% right ears and 56 (28% left ears had hearing loss. The degree of loss with higher prevalence was 1 and 2 (MERLUZZI et al., 1979, 85 (42.5% cases. There was significant correlation between age and exposure time with the worsening of audiometric thresholds in both ears. Conclusion: From the audiological data analysis was possible that the military police are a population that presents a risk to develop hearing loss. Thus, we see the need for implementation of hearing conservation program for the military police.
Stone, Larissa; Pellowski, Mark W.
This investigation assessed the factors affecting career choice among 474 current undergraduate and graduate speech-language pathology and audiology students (from four universities). A 14-item questionnaire was developed that included questions related to general influence of career choice and whether or not the participants had previously been,…
Lubker, Bobbie Boyd
Introduces epidemiology as a health science that is essential as a complement to the basic laboratory and clinical sciences in speech-language pathology and audiology. A definition of epidemiology is presented. Principles of epidemiology, including causal criteria, and concepts such as incidence, prevalence, and risk are discussed. (Author/CR)
Cameron, Thomas H.
The benefits and disadvantages in conducting universal infant hearing screening and in the transition of audiology from a master's to a doctoral level profession are discussed from an epidemiological point of view. Epidemiologic strategies which may inform decision making in these two important and controversial areas are presented. (Author/CR)
Collins Luke; Hoare Derek J; Gander Phillip E; Smith Sandra; Hall Deborah A
Abstract Background In the UK, audiology services deliver the majority of tinnitus patient care, but not all patients experience the same level of service. In 2009, the Department of Health released a Good Practice Guide to inform commissioners about key aspects of a quality tinnitus service in order to promote equity of tinnitus patient care in UK primary care, audiology, and in specialist multi-disciplinary centres. The purpose of the present research was to evaluate utilisation and opinion...
Nickbakht, Mansoureh; Amiri, Marzieh; Latifi, Seyed Mahmoud
Introduction: Audiology students should possess clinical competence and skills. To achieve this, their clinical skills must be properly assessed. The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is a standard and fair examination of clinical competence. The goal of this study is to devise a checklist of OSCE examination criteria and study their validity and reliability for assessing the clinical competence of Audiology students. Methods: Among the various procedures in which audiology stu...
Sathyaki; Jyothi Swarup; Mohan; Mamatha Rani; Anu; Manjunath
BACKGROUND: CSOM is a common disorder which causes hearing deficit. It can be due to perforation of tympanic membrane or ossicular erosion. AIM: To study the ossicular erosion and audiological profile in patients with CSOM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with CSOM who underwent surgery were included in the study. RESULTS: Hearing loss was significantly higher in males and in patient s with ossicular erosion. CONCLUSION: Ossicular erosio...
Theunissen, Stephanie C. P. M.; Rieffe, Carolien; Netten, Anouk P.; Briaire, Jeroen J.; Soede, Wim; Kouwenberg, Maartje; Frijns, Johan H. M.
Objective Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI) children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH) children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiologi...
Seyed Mahmoud Latifi; Shahla Zahednejad; Ahmad Azizi; Roya Ghasemzadeh; Mansoureh Nickbakht; Ali Asghar Arastoo
Background and Aim: Providing high quality health care is not possible without information related to the past and current condition of the patient. Records show which services, where, when and by whom was delivered. Documentation is referred to the process of precisely recording the information regarding patient care and treatment. The purpose of this study is to determine the essential data set required in audiology record keeping and designing a model for Iran.Methods: In an applied resear...
Farnoush Jarollahi; Hassan Ashayeri; Seyedeh Reyhaneh Amini; Mohammad Kamali
Background and Aim: Hearing-impaired children make a lot of stress for the parents. Providing the parents of these children with suitable consultation and rehabilitation services results in increased satisfaction and reduced anxiety level. In this study we investigated the relationship between audiology service satisfaction and level of anxiety in parents of hearing-impaired children.Methods: Seventy-five parents of hearing-impaired children, whose problem was diagnosed during the last year, ...
Fridriksson, Julius; Frank, Elaine; Vesselinov, Roumen
The purpose of this study was to investigate biographical and medical factors associated with utilization of speech-language pathology and audiology services provided to stroke patients in the hospital setting. Moreover, the study sought to identify possible sub-groups of stroke patients that might be under served by speech-language pathologists and audiologists. Discharge data for over 91,000 stroke patients from the years 1996 to 2000 were examined. Using a relatively new statistical approa...
Mahin Sedaie; Fereshteh Farzianpour; Mansoureh Adel Ghahraman; Ghasem Mohammad Khani; Jamileh Fattahi; Saeed Sarough Farahani; Nematollah Rouhbakhsh; Mahnaz Ahmadi
Background and Aim: Internal Evaluation means assessment of abilities and potentials. To promote the quality of education, research, health and finally rehabilitation is one of the most important roles and responsibilities of the universities. Promotion of quality of the theoretical and practical education for the Audiology students provides this major with its final goal that is to serve society. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (...
Moodie, Sheila T.; Kothari, Anita; Bagatto, Marlene P.; Seewald, Richard; Miller, Linda T; Susan D. Scollie
The impetus for evidence-based practice (EBP) has grown out of widespread concern with the quality, effectiveness (including cost-effectiveness), and efficiency of medical care received by the public. Although initially focused on medicine, EBP principles have been adopted by many of the health care professions and are often represented in practice through the development and use of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). Audiology has been working on incorporating EBP principles into its mandat...
Hoare, Derek J.; Gander, Phillip E; Collins, Luke; Smith, Sandra; Hall, Deborah A.
Rationale, aim and objective In 2009, the UK Department of Health formalized recommended National Health Service practices for the management of tinnitus from primary care onwards. It is timely therefore to evaluate the perceived practicality, utility and impact of those guidelines in the context of current practice. Methods We surveyed current practice by posting a 36-item questionnaire to all audiology and hearing therapy staff that we were able to identify as being involved in tinnitus pat...
Full Text Available Background: In future, the South African Department of Health aims to purchase services from accredited private service providers. Successful private audiology practices can assist to address issues of access, equity and quality of health services. It is not sufficient to be an excellent clinician, since audiology practices are businesses that must also be managed effectively.Objective: The objective was to determine the existing and required levels of practice management knowledge as perceived by South African audiologists. Method: An electronic descriptive survey was used to investigate audiology practice management amongst South African audiologists. A total of 147 respondents completed the survey. Results were analysed by calculating descriptive statistics. The Z-proportional test was used to identify significant differences between existing and required levels of practice management knowledge. Results: Significant differences were found between existing and required levels of knowledge regarding all eight practice management tasks, particularly legal and ethical issues and marketing and accounting. There were small differences in the knowledge required for practice management tasks amongst respondents working in public and private settings. Conclusion: Irrespective of their work context, respondents showed that they need significant expansion of practice management knowledge in order to be successful, to compete effectively and to make sense of a complex marketplace.
Swanepoel, De Wet; Clark, Jackie L; Koekemoer, Dirk; Hall, James W; Krumm, Mark; Ferrari, Deborah V; McPherson, Bradley; Olusanya, Bolajoko O; Mars, Maurice; Russo, Iêda; Barajas, Jose J
Permanent hearing loss is a leading global health care burden, with 1 in 10 people affected to a mild or greater degree. A shortage of trained healthcare professionals and associated infrastructure and resource limitations mean that hearing health services are unavailable to the majority of the world population. Utilizing information and communication technology in hearing health care, or tele-audiology, combined with automation offer unique opportunities for improved clinical care, widespread access to services, and more cost-effective and sustainable hearing health care. Tele-audiology demonstrates significant potential in areas such as education and training of hearing health care professionals, paraprofessionals, parents, and adults with hearing disorders; screening for auditory disorders; diagnosis of hearing loss; and intervention services. Global connectivity is rapidly growing with increasingly widespread distribution into underserved communities where audiological services may be facilitated through telehealth models. Although many questions related to aspects such as quality control, licensure, jurisdictional responsibility, certification and reimbursement still need to be addressed; no alternative strategy can currently offer the same potential reach for impacting the global burden of hearing loss in the near and foreseeable future. PMID:20151929
Full Text Available Background: To counter the global increase in infection-related deaths, infection control has recently developed into an active area of research. Many diseases can be prevented by infection control. In the confines of the audiology clinic, cross-contamination by micro-organisms associated with opportunistic infections remains a real concern.Objective: The primary aim of the study was to ascertain the methods that audiologists in South Africa use to prevent and control the spread of infections during and after consultation with clients.Method: A survey study was conducted, using a self-administered questionnaire. Fifty currently practising audiologists participated in the study.Results: The majority (84%; n = 42 of respondents acknowledged the importance of hand hygiene for the purpose of infection control, with 76% (n = 38 making use of no-rinse hand sanitisers. Approximately a third of audiologists wear gloves during procedures such as otoscopy and immittance, and while handling hearing aids. Disinfecting audiological equipment seem to be the preferred choice of infection control, with only 60% (n = 30 of respondents sterilising audiological equipment after each individual patient consultation. Less than half of the respondents disinfected touch surfaces and toys in the reception area.Conclusions: Based on the results, further education and training should focus on measures implemented in infection control, awareness of possible risk factors at work settings, and vaccination as an effective means of infection control.
Full Text Available Aim: Children with multiple disabilities have combination of various disabilities. Accurate hearing evaluation is difficult in this population. Audiologists, generally employ a test battery approach, which includes combining findings of parent impression with behavior observation audiometry (BOA as well as auditory brainstem evoked responses (ABR findings. This study was carried out to find if there exists a correlation among various steps in the test battery for children with multiple handicaps as well as to find out, which disability is the most common among this population. Methodology: A total of 103 numbers of children with multiple handicaps were chosen at random who were referred to C U Shah Institute of Audiology and Speech Therapy for audiological assessment. The three steps involved in assessment that is parental impression, BOA and ABR findings were taken into account. The relationship was obtained using data analysis. Results: It was found that among children with multiple handicaps referred for audiological assessment, mental retardation was the most common (32.03%. Furthermore, it was found that there were more contradictory findings between parent impression and ABR (48% when compared with parent impression with BOA (38%. In between BOA and ABR contradictory findings were found in 41% of cases. Conclusion: There are wide contradictions among various steps involved in assessment of children with multiple handicaps. Implication: Audiologist should use a test battery approach to assess hearing ability of this population and audiologists should interpret findings carefully at each level.
Full Text Available Aim of the Study: Children with multiple disabilities have combination of various disabilities. Accurate hearing evaluation is difficult in this population. Audiologists generally employ a test battery approach, which includes combining findings of parent impression with behavioral observation audiometry (BOA as well as auditory brainstem response (ABR findings. Present study was done to find if there exists correlation among various steps in test battery for the children with multiple handicaps as well as to find out which disability is most common among this population. Materials and Methods: Total 103 numbers of children with multiple handicaps were chosen at random who were referred to CU Shah Institute of Audiology and Speech Therapy for audiological assessment. The three steps involved in assessment that is parental impression, BOA, and ABR findings were taken into account. The relationship was obtained using data analysis. Results: It was found that among children with multiple handicaps referred for audiological assessment, mental retardation (MR was the most common (32.03%. Also, it was found that there were more contradictory findings between parent impression and ABR (48% when compared with parent impression with BOA (38%. In between BOA and ABR, contradictory findings were found in 41% of cases. Conclusion: There are wide contradictions among various steps involved in assessment of children with multiple handicaps. Implication: Audiologist should use a test battery approach to assess hearing ability of this population and audiologists should interpret findings carefully at each level.
Paula J. Myers, PhD
Full Text Available Tinnitus is the most prevalent service-connected disability awarded to Veterans. However, clinical protocols for management of tinnitus have been inconsistent across Department of Veterans Affairs (VA medical centers. A study was funded to develop and pilot test a protocol to provide tinnitus services consistently across VA audiology clinics. Drawing on a series of prior VA and external research projects, a clinical model was formulated, supporting materials in multimedia were developed, and a pilot study was conducted. Five hierarchical levels of care were defined and labeled the Progressive Audiologic Tinnitus Management (PATM model. The model facilitates access to medical services for tinnitus and includes detailed protocols for evaluation, education, and counseling of patients. Patients at each level of care have the option to "progress" to the next level of PATM if further services are required. Clinical procedures were defined for each level and materials were produced for audiologists and patients. The PATM model was then piloted with clinical patients at the James A. Haley Veterans’ Hospital (JAHVH in Tampa, Florida. Throughout the pilot study, feedback from patients and clinicians was carefully noted. Training materials for audiologists, incorporation of the protocol into clinic activities, and patient outcomes were evaluated. The model was implemented within the JAHVH Audiology Clinic and to assist Veterans with tinnitus management. The most notable finding was how little tinnitus-specific intervention was required for the majority of patients. This finding supports a clinical model that offers stepped-care ("progressive" levels of care until tinnitus management is achieved by the patient.
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: CSOM is a common disorder which causes hearing deficit. It can be due to perforation of tympanic membrane or ossicular erosion. AIM: To study the ossicular erosion and audiological profile in patients with CSOM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients with CSOM who underwent surgery were included in the study. RESULTS: Hearing loss was significantly higher in males and in patient s with ossicular erosion. CONCLUSION: Ossicular erosion can give rise to hearing loss of more than 60dB
Full Text Available Abstract The early identification of pre-lingual deafness is necessary to minimize the consequences of hearing impairment on the future communication skills of a baby. According to the most recent international guidelines the deafness diagnosis must occur before the age of three months and the prosthetic-rehabilitative treatment with a traditional hearing aid should start within the first six months. When a Cochlear implant becomes necessary, the treatment should start between the age of 12 months and 18 months. The only way to diagnose the problem early is the implementation of universal neonatal audiological screening programs. Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE is the most adequate test because it's accurate, economic and of simple execution. Automatic auditory brainstem response (AABR is necessary to identify patients with auditory neuropathy but it is also important to reduce the number of false-positives.The 20-30% of infant hearing impairment is represented by progressive or late-onset hearing loss (HL so it's also necessary to establish an audiological follow up program, especially in infants at risk. From November 2005 all neonates born in the University hospital of Pisa undergo newborn hearing screening. From 2008 the screening program follows the guidelines for the execution of the audiological screening in Tuscany which have been formulated by our group according to the 2007 JCIH Position Statement and adaptated to our regional reality by a multidisciplinary effort. From November 2005 to April 2009 8113 neonates born in the Neonatal Unit of Santa Chiara Hospital (Pisa have undergone newborn hearing screening. 7621 neonates (93.9% without risk factors executed only the TEOAE test. 492 (6.1% neonates had audiological risk factors and thus underwent TEOAE and AABR. 84 patients (1,04% failed both TEOAE and AABR tests. 78 of them underwent further investigations. 44 patients resulted falsepositives (the 0,54% of the screened
Nober, E. Harris
Researchers investigated a variety of audiologic procedures to determine whether they could differentiate between auditory thresholds and cutile (cutaneous-tactile) thresholds of 32 deaf adolescents. Ss were classified into one of the following three groups: a cutile group with no pure tone thresholds beyond 750 Hertz (Hz); a group of questionable…
Windmill, Ian M.; Bishop, Charles; Elkins, Alex; Johnson, Mary Frances; Sturdivant, Grace
Traditional approaches to unbundling hearing aid services often take existing bundled charges and then separate the charges across all potential services associated with dispensing the devices. However, this method results in every patient being charged the same amount even though the complexity of the service varies across patients. We describe a model of charging for hearing aid services that takes into account three elements associated with patient services (i.e., assessing hearing status, audiologic decision making and interpretation, and counseling and treatment options) and two levels of complexity (straightforward and complex). Using this approach, there is negligible long-term financial impact on a practice however patients will perceive a lower overall cost for amplification. Additionally, this approach provides a payment structure more representative of the professional value of each visit.
Dineen, R; Doyle, J; Bench, J
A profile of audiological and psychological characteristics, obtained before starting tinnitus management training, is presented for 96 subjects with tinnitus. Variability was marked in all measures. A history of headaches, neck or back pain, or balance problems was not related to the ability to cope with tinnitus. The coping strategies used to manage tinnitus were influenced by the beliefs held about tinnitus, but the coping strategies chosen were not necessarily effective. No gender differences were found in coping ability or overall stress levels, although there were gender differences on some psychological measures and stress influences. Subjects who had previously sought assistance differed from those who had not in the complexity of the tinnitus sounds, the level of emotional reaction and the use of coping behaviours. PMID:9056041
Tong, Y C; Clark, G M; Dowell, R C; Martin, L F; Seligman, P M; Patrick, J F
Stand audiological tests were administered to a totally deaf multiple-channel cochlear implant patient with a wearable speech-processor in a monitored sound field under the following conditions: a wearable unit activated alone (WA), lipreading with the wearable unit off (LA), and wearable unit activated in combination with lipreading (WL). Thresholds obtained for narrow-band noise signals indicated that the wearable unit allowed the patient to detect a variety of sounds at different frequencies. The results obtained in closed-set word tests and open-set word and sentence tests showed significant improvements in word and sentence scores from LA to WL. In the open-set (C.I.D.) sentence test, the patient scored 22% for LA and 76% for WL. The WL score of 76% correlates with a satisfactory performance in understanding connected speech. The patient also scored 30% correct in a test involving the recognition of environmental sounds. PMID:6895683
Morini, Renata Graziele
Full Text Available Introduction: The noise induced hearing loss (NIHL has been studied for many years and today the specialized literature also studies the synergic action of chemicals. Objective: To research the audiologic findings and DPOAE in workers exposed to occupational noise and plaguecides and to compare them with data obtained in individuals without exposure to these harmful elements. Method: 51 individuals were evaluated (102 ears, divided into three groups. Group I was composed by 17 workers with exposure to noise and plaguecides, all with neurosensorial auditory loss; group II was composed by 17 workers with exposure to noise and plaguecides with audiometric thresholds within normality standards (up to 25 dBNA and group III by 17 healthy individuals without auditory alterations and without exposure to noise and plaguecides, control group. Results: In the audiologic anamnesis, as for groups I and II, we observed that the main auditory complaints presented by the workers were those of recruitment (29.5%, tinnitus (26.5%, allergy (23.5% and arterial hypertension (12%. The findings of the audiometry appointed that the research's individuals did not present with auditory losses in the frequencies of 500 Hz, 1 and 2 kHz, the losses occurred in the frequencies of 3 and 8 kHz. As for the distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs, we observed that the individuals in group III had a major incidence of responses when compared to those of groups I and II. Conclusion: The results analysis allowed us to conclude that the DPOAE test represents an important tool for follow up and prevention of NIHL.
Millena Maria Ramalho Matta Vieira
Full Text Available The CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine" was developed as a teaching tool for people interested in the production of the spoken or sung human voice. Its content comprises several subjects concerning the anatomy and physiology of spoken and sung voice. A careful assessment becomes necessary in order to ensure the effectiveness of teaching and learning educational materials, whether related to education or health, within the proposal of education mediated by technology. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the Virtual Man Project's CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine", as a self-learning material, in two different populations: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students and Lyrical Singing students. The participants were instructed to study the CD-ROM during 1 month and answer two questionnaires: one before and another one after studying the CD-ROM. The quantitative results were compared statistically by the Student's t-test at a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: Seventeen out of the 28 students who completed the study, were Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students, while 11 were Lyrical Singing students (dropout rate of 44%. Comparison of the answers to the questionnaires before and after studying the CD-ROM showed a statistically significant increase of the scores for the questionnaire applied after studying the CD-ROM for both Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Lyrical Singing students, with p<0.001 and p<0.004, respectively. There was also a statistically significant difference in all topics of this questionnaire for both groups of students. CONCLUSION: The results concerning the evaluation of the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Lyrical Singing students' knowledge before and after learning from the CD-ROM allowed concluding that the participants made significant improvement in their knowledge of the proposed
Meyer, Carly; Grenness, Caitlin; Scarinci, Nerina; Hickson, Louise
The World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is widely used in disability and health sectors as a framework to describe the far-reaching effects of a range of health conditions on individuals. This biopsychosocial framework can be used to describe the experience of an individual in the components of body functions, body structures, and activities and participation, and it considers the influence of contextual factors (environmental and personal) on these components. Application of the ICF in audiology allows the use of a common language between health care professionals in both clinical and research settings. Furthermore, the ICF is promoted as a means of facilitating patient-centered care. In this article, the relevance and application of the ICF to audiology is described, along with clinical examples of its application in the assessment and management of children and adults with hearing loss. Importantly, the skills necessary for clinicians to apply the ICF effectively are discussed. PMID:27489397
Millena Maria Ramalho Matta Vieira; Giédre Berretin-Felix; Alcione Ghedini Brasolotto
The CD-ROM "Voice Assessment: Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology & Medicine" was developed as a teaching tool for people interested in the production of the spoken or sung human voice. Its content comprises several subjects concerning the anatomy and physiology of spoken and sung voice. A careful assessment becomes necessary in order to ensure the effectiveness of teaching and learning educational materials, whether related to education or health, within the proposal of education mediate...
Williams, Mark; Hauptmann, Christian; Patel, Nitesh
Objective: To describe the quantitative treatment outcomes of patients undergoing acoustic coordinated reset (CR) neuromodulation at a single independent audiology practice over a 22- to 26-week period as part of an open label, non-randomized, non-controlled observational study. Methods: Sixty-six patients with subjective tonal tinnitus were treated with acoustic CR neuromodulation with a retrospective review of patient records being performed in order to identify changes of visual analog ...
Michelle Pascoe; Christine Rogers; Vivienne Norman
Audiologists and speech-language therapists working in developing contexts like South Africa have the opportunity to address a range of needs through their research. One of these needs is the development of assessments and therapy materials that are appropriate for their clients’particular language needs and cultural background. This editorial paper aims to introduce original research in speech-language therapy and audiology, which has been carried out in South Africa and other developing con...
Full Text Available Objectives: Although the pathophysiology of tinnitus hasnot been understood well it is thought to be as a result ofanatomical and/or functional change in hearing system.The aim of this study was to compare audiological testresults and visual analog scala (VAS scores after use oftrimetazidine hydrocloride in patients with tinnitus.Materials and methods: Forty patients (12 female, 28male who were admitted to our clinic with tinnitus complaintwere included in this study. Demographical andmedical records and tinnitus assessment data of thecases were recorded who received regular trimetazidinehydrochloride treatment for 3 months. Both pre- and posttreatmentvalues of pure audiograms, frequency and intensityof tinnitus, minimal masking, residual inhibition,and the values in VAS questionnaire form were also evaluatedfrom patient files.Results: According to the statistical analysis, tinnitus intensity,frequency of tinnitus, discomfort value due to tinnitusand the concentration loss due to tinnitus values inVAS test were found to be decreased after medication(p=0.001. Among the audiological findings of patients,tinnitus frequency (p=0.250, tinnitus intensity (p=0.057,minimal masking level (p= 0.213, and residual inhibitionvalues were found to have no statistically significantchanges.Conclusions: It was found that three-months treatmentof trimetazidine treatment caused reduction in tinnituscomplaints of patients and did not cause any significantchange in audiological test results. J Clin Exp Invest2012; 3(1: 81-86
Formby, C.; Gagne, J. P.
Ira Hirsh's contributions to clinical science and research are diverse and significant. In fact, approximately one-third of the 100+ publications that Ira lists in his curriculum vitae (CV) are clinical in nature, dealing with various aspects of audiology, deafness, hearing aids, aural rehabilitation, and speech and language pathology. The majority of these citations, fully one-quarter of his publication list, addresses problems specific to the clinical measurement of hearing and hearing impairment. Undoubtedly, the most influential of these published works appears in his CV under the citation ``The Measurement of Hearing.'' The forward for this publication, his only textbook, was penned in June, 1952 (now precisely half a century past at the time of this session). The aims of this presentation are to (1) provide perspective on the fundamental importance of his virtually timeless text in shaping the fledgling discipline of audiology, and (2) celebrate Ira's many contributions to the profession and practice of audiology. [Preparation for this presentation was supported, in part, by a K24 career development award from NIDCD.
Wanderléia Quinhoneiro Blasca
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: elaborar, aplicar e avaliar um modelo de Teleducação Interativa para o ensino da Audiologia, disciplina de Aparelhos de Amplificação Sonora Individual. MÉTODOS: participaram deste estudo 13 alunos do 2º ano do curso de Fonoaudiologia de uma universidade pública do município de Bauru-SP. O programa de Teleducação Interativa foi elaborado, utilizando um tutor eletrônico, o Cybertutor. Os participantes receberam uma senha de acesso ao conteúdo teórico da disciplina. O prazo estabelecido foi de 30 dias, sendo que o aluno poderia acessar quantas vezes julgasse necessário. Para a avaliação do programa foi realizada a aplicação de dois questionários, sendo um referente ao conteúdo didático-teórico da disciplina de Aparelhos de Amplificação Sonora Individual e outro referente ao objeto de aprendizagem utilizado (Cybertutor. O questionário didático-teórico avaliou a efetividade do programa na aprendizagem do aluno e foi aplicado em dois momentos distintos, ou seja, pré e pós-teste. O questionário referente ao Cybertutor abordou aspectos de aceitação, viabilidade e interatividade. Para a análise dos resultados foi utilizado o teste Wilcoxon (p PURPOSE: to develop, implement and evaluate a model of Interactive Tele-education for teaching Audiology, discipline of hearing aids. METHODS: 13 students from 2nd year of speech-language pathology in a public university of the city of Bauru-SP. The program of Interactive Tele-education was prepared, using a 'Cybertutor' (a website-based educational environment. The students received a password to access the theoretical content of the discipline. The deadline was 30 days, the students could access as often as they deemed being necessary. For evaluating the application, we applied 2 questionnaires, one related to the didactic-theoretical content of the discipline of hearing aids and the other one related to the used learning object (Cybertutor. The questionnaire assessed the
Aimoni, Claudia; Ciorba, Andrea; Hatzopoulos, Stavros; Ramacciotti, Giulia; Mazzoli, Manuela; Bianchini, Chiara; Rosignoli, Monica; Skarżyński, Henryk; Skarżyński, Piotr H
BACKGROUND Cochlear implants (CIs) have been recognized as a safe and effective means for profound hearing loss rehabilitation in children and adults and recently their use has been extended to subjects over 65 years of age. The aim of this paper was to assess indices related to changes in the quality of life (QoL) in elderly CI recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A case-control paradigm was used to assess the effects of CIs on the QoL. Forty-two subjects were assigned to the Case group and 15 subjects to the Control group. All 57 subjects were affected by profound hearing loss and had received a CI. Audiological data were collected from both groups at: (i) 1 month pre-implantation [T1]; (ii) 1 day pre- implantation [T2]; (iii) 30 days post-implantation, with CI used in free field [T3]; and (iv) 12 months post-implantation, with CI used in a free field [T4]. The QoL was assessed via a Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) questionnaire, adapted to otolaryngology. To compare subjects across different ages with varying degrees of speech development, a perception parameter was used from the Speech Perception Categories test developed by Geers and Moog. RESULTS Hearing performance was considerably improved after CI. In relation to the hearing performance at time T1, statistically significant threshold gains were observed in both groups in the T3 and T4 observation windows. At time T4, a threshold gain of 70 dB HL in the Case group and a gain of 84 dB HL in the Control group were observed. With speech therapy rehabilitation, a perception level of 6 was reached by 80.0% of patients in the Case group and by 100% of patients in the Control group. In terms of QoL, both groups showed improved post-CI scores. Statistical differences were observed between the 2 groups, with the Control group outperforming the Case group in all but the social section. CONCLUSIONS Despite age-related changes in auditory system and prolonged hearing deprivation, CIs offer audiological and QoL benefits in
Purpose: To find the audiological outcome after LINAC-based fractionated stereotactic irradiation (STI). Materials and methods: Twenty-four patients with vestibular schwannoma treated by fractionated STI between 1991 and 1997 had measurable hearing before STI and were followed audiologically for more than 6 months. The pure tone average (PTA) was measured by averaging the air-conduction threshold for five main frequencies (250-4000 Hz) before and periodically after STI in the 24 patients. Several possible prognostic factors for hearing preservation (defined as a PTA change at the last follow-up of less than 10 dB) were investigated. The median follow-up time was 22 months, ranging from 5 to 69 months. The irradiation schedule was 36 Gy in 20 fractions in 5 weeks to 44 Gy in 22 fractions in 6 weeks followed by 4 Gy/1 fraction boost. Results: The pure tone average before STI was distributed from 7 to 73 dB. Fifty percent of patients showed a change in PTA of less than 10 dB, 79.2% of patients showed a change in PTA of less than 20 dB and 20.8% of patients showed a change in PTA of more than 21 dB at the last follow-up. Only one patient (4%) became deaf. Cases with a sudden loss of hearing were more likely to experience hearing preservation than those with gradual loss of hearing (P<0.05). The mean age was younger in patients whose hearing was preserved (P<0.05). Poor pretreatment PTA appeared to linearly correspond to the changes in PTA (regression coefficient 0.78). The size of the tumor was not related to the change in PTA. No relationship was observed between the maximum or peripheral dose and the PTA change. The real benefit of stereotactic boost after small-field fractionated irradiation was not certain. Conclusion: Fractionated STI produced a hearing preservation rate compatible with meticulously collimated multi-spots single fraction irradiation. Further follow-up is required to confirm the long-term benefits of fractionation. (Copyright (c) 1998 Elsevier
Uslar, Verena N; Carroll, Rebecca; Hanke, Mirko; Hamann, Cornelia; Ruigendijk, Esther; Brand, Thomas; Kollmeier, Birger
To allow for a systematic variation of linguistic complexity of sentences while acoustically controlling for intelligibility of sentence fragments, a German corpus, Oldenburg linguistically and audiologically controlled sentences (OLACS), was designed, implemented, and evaluated. Sentences were controlled for plausibility with a questionnaire survey. Verification of the speech material was performed in three listening conditions (quiet, stationary, and fluctuating noise) by collecting speech reception thresholds (SRTs) and response latencies as well as individual cognitive measures for 20 young listeners with normal hearing. Consistent differences in response latencies across sentence types verified the effect of linguistic complexity on processing speed. The addition of noise decreased response latencies, giving evidence for different response strategies for measurements in noise. Linguistic complexity had a significant effect on SRT. In fluctuating noise, this effect was more pronounced, indicating that fluctuating noise correlates with stronger cognitive contributions. SRTs in quiet correlated with hearing thresholds, whereas cognitive measures explained up to 40% of the variance in SRTs in noise. In conclusion, OLACS appears to be a suitable tool for assessing the interaction between aspects of speech understanding (including cognitive processing) and speech intelligibility in German. PMID:24116439
To evaluate the functionality of the auditory system in patients who underwent radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment with cisplatin to treat head and neck tumors. Case series with planned data collection. From May 2007 to May 2008 by the Department of Otorhinolaryngology and the Department of Oncology/Radiotherapy at Faculdade de Medicina de Marília. Audiological evaluation (Pure Tone Audiometry (air and bone conduction), Speech Audiometry, Tympanometry, Acoustic Reflex testing and Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions) was performed in 17 patients diagnosed with head and neck neoplasia and treated with chemotherapy, using cisplatin, and radiotherapy. 12 left ears (70.5%) and 11 right ears (64.7%) presented bilateral decreased hearing soon after the treatment for the frequency 1 kHz (mild auditory damage) and for the frequency 8 kHz (more significant auditory damage). Patients with head and neck cancer submitted to the conventional radiotherapy treatment, combined with the chemotherapy with cisplatin, presented a high incidence of decreased hearing by the end of treatment. Strong evidence was observed linking auditory alteration to the amount of radiotherapy treatment
Karla Geovanna Moraes Crispim
Full Text Available Objective: To describe the audiological findings (type, audiometric configuration, degree of hearing loss and its association with gender and age in subjects aged over 60 years, treated at outpatient clinic of specialties of Manaus. Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological descriptive study conducted with the universe of elderly who underwent audiometry from January to December 2010, with a total of 574 subjects. To classify the type, degree and configuration of hearing loss, we used the criteria adopted by Santos & Russo, Davis & Silverman and Silman & Silverman, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed using measures of central tendency, dispersion and frequency distributions. To check for statistically significant differences, we used the chi-square test, with a significance level of 5% (p ≤ 0.05. Results: The prevalence of 94.4% (n = 542 of hearing loss, sensorineural predominantly (85.5%, n = 491 and mild (60%, n = 188 in females and degree moderate or greater in males (50%, n = 130, downward sloping (54.2%, n = 311 in both sexes. The percentage of normality was low, with 261 (3.4% for men and 313 (7.3% for women. Conclusion: The prevalence of hearing loss increased with age, being equal to 100% in individuals 80 years or older, and men have the worst hearing thresholds. There is need for greater awareness about hearing loss in the elderly, needing additional population-based and multicentric studies in order to support public policies.
Noguchi, Yoshihiro; Takahashi, Masatoki; Kitamura, Ken
The bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) has advantages over conventional hearing aids in sound quality and speech reception in silence, but requires surgery and may have peri-and postoperative complications. We evaluated audiological findings and complications in 12 subjects (13 ears)-8 men and 4 women aged 20-71--undergoing BAHA surgery from September 2001 to October 2005. Surgery was for single-sided deafness in one subject. Mean warble tone thresholds with BAHA were 29.9dB and 65.2dB without. Functional gains ranged from 16 to 52dB (mean: 35.3dB). Dural exposure or venous hemorrhage was seen in 4 ears, and mastoid cells opened and a skin flap was damaged in 1 ear each. No severe complications occurred perioperatively. Skin reactions categorized into grade 1 or more were recognized in nearly 70% of ears during the first postoperative year but most were a grade 1 reaction and skin reactions decreased with time. Skin overgrowth occurred in 1 ear immediately after an abutment separated accidentally from the fixture. All complications were treated in outpatient clinics. No fixture extrusion occurred. The decision to proceed with BAHA surgery thus required fully informed consent based on knowledge of peri-and postoperative complications. PMID:21838056
Stephanie C P M Theunissen
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Sufficient self-esteem is extremely important for psychosocial functioning. It is hypothesized that hearing-impaired (HI children have lower levels of self-esteem, because, among other things, they frequently experience lower language and communication skills. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare HI children's self-esteem across different domains with those of normal hearing (NH children and to investigate the influence of communication, type of education, and audiological characteristics. METHODS: This large (N = 252 retrospective, multicenter study consisted of two age- and gender-matched groups: 123 HI children and 129 NH controls (mean age = 11.8 years. Self-reports were used to measure self-esteem across four domains: perceived social acceptance by peers, perceived parental attention, perceived physical appearance, and global self-esteem. RESULTS: HI children experienced lower levels of self-esteem regarding peers and parents than NH controls. Particularly HI children who attended special education for the deaf were at risk, even after correcting for their language development and intelligence. Yet, levels of global self-esteem and self-esteem involving physical appearance in HI children equalled those of NH controls. Furthermore, younger age at implantation and longer duration of having cochlear implants (CIs were related to higher levels of self-esteem. CONCLUSION: HI children experience lower levels of self-esteem in the social domains. Yet, due to the heterogeneity of the HI population, there is high variability in levels of self-esteem. DISCUSSION: Clinicians must always be aware of the risk and protective factors related to self-esteem in order to help individual patients reach their full potential.
Miriam E. Meyer
Full Text Available Objective: A national survey of early hearing detection and intervention services was undertaken to describe the current status of diagnostic and intervention services in the South African private health care sector.Methods: All private hospitals with obstetric units (n = 166 were surveyed telephonically. The data was integrated with data collected from self-administered questionnaires subsequently distributed nationally to private audiology practices providing hearing screening at the respective hospitals reporting hearing screening services (n = 87. Data was analysed descriptively to yield national percentages and frequency distributions.Results: Average reported age at diagnosis was 11 months. Most participants (74% indicated that less than 20% of infants fitted with hearing aids received amplification before the age of 6 months. Most (64% participants indicated that the average period between confirmed diagnosis and hearing aid fitting was 1 month, on par with international benchmarks. Only 16%–23% of participants included all diagnostic procedures recommended by the Health Professions Council of South Africa’s 2007 position statement for minimum diagnostic test batteries for infants and young children.Conclusions: Diagnosis of hearing loss, hearing aid fitting and audiological intervention is delayed significantly in the South African private health care sector. Improved services should include integrated systematic hospital-based screening as part of birthing packages with diagnostic referral to specialist paediatric audiologists for accurate assessment and management of patients in a timely manner.
REN Dong-dong; WANG Wu-qing
Background Otitis media with effusion is a highly concurrent disease in young children with adenoid hypertrophy.The aim of this study was to assess the middle ear effusion and audiological characteristics in children with adenoid hypertrophy and compare the various assessment methods.@@Methods Two hundred and seven candidates who were to undergo adenoidectomy were analyzed using otoscopy,tympanometry,air-conduction auditory steady-state responses (AC-ASSR),and computerized tomography (CT) before adenoidectomy.@@Results About 73.4％ (304/414) of ears were confirmed to have middle ear effusion (MEE) by otoscopy; 75.4％ (312/414) of ears revealed MEE by CT.CT scan correctly predicted all the myringotomy results,giving 100％ accuracy on the diagnosis of MEE.Additionally,CT revealed two children with inner ear malformations.Type B tracing tympanogram provided a sensitivity of 91.7％ and a specificity of 92.2％.Type C tympanogram with peak pressure <-200 daPa indicated effusion; type C tympanogram having acoustic stapedius reflex could exclude MEE.We excluded the AC-ASSR results of the 4 ears with malformation; 54.4％ (223/410) of ears were confirmed of hearing loss.Furthermore,5.2％(16/310) of the ears with MEE suffered from severe to profound hearing loss.The average threshold level in the 0.25 kHz frequency of children was found to have poorer hearing thresholds than those in the 0.5,1,2,and 4 kHz (P <0.001) frequencies; 29.7％ (92/310) of ears with MEE were regarded as normal hearing level.About 55.8％ (173/310) of ears with MEE were classified as having slight-mild hearing loss.@@Conclusions The practitioners should pay much attention to the middle ear condition and be aware of a possible development of severe to profound hearing loss during the course of MEE in young children with adenoid hypertrophy.CT scan is good for the assessment of MEE before ventilation tube insertion.
Howe, Richard D.; Vong, Laurie
Average salary increases for 805 faculty in the field of audiology and speech pathology are reported for 1983-1984 and 1986-1987, as part of the College and University Personnel Association's annual faculty salary studies. Included are comparative data for 120,580 faculty at 167 public colleges and 235 private colleges, representing 44 academic…
Howe, Richard D.; Carlton, J. Beth
Average salary increases for 824 faculty in the field of audiology and speech pathology are reported for 1982-1983 and 1985-1986, as part of the College and University Personnel Association's annual faculty salary studies. Included are comparative data for 108,074 faculty at 174 public colleges and 193 private colleges, representing 41 academic…
Full Text Available Scope of the study: Vestibular pathology is a complex one, requiring a minute clinical evaluation, as well as numerous paraclinical investigations. The present study analyzes the contribution of the modern methods of vestibular and auditive investigation to the diagnosis of dizziness. Materials and method: The results of the investigations performed on 84 patients with peripheric vestibular syndrome, on whom a complete audiological and vestibular assessment had been also made, have been retrospectively analyzed. Results: Anamnestic data and the results of evaluation permitted classification of peripheric vestibular pathology according to topo-lesional and etiological criteria. The most frequently diagnosed diseases were: benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière syndrome and vestibular neuronitis. Conclusions: Testing of the vestibulo-ocular and vestibulo-spinal reflexes through videonystagmoscopy and, respectively, computerized dynamic posturography, besides tonal vocal audiometry and precocious auditive potentials, is especially important for a positive diagnosis and etiological differentiation of vestibular syndromes.
Antonelli, Patrick J.; Jorge, José C.; Feniman, Mariza R.; Piazentin-Penna, Sílvia H.A.; Dutka-Souza, Jeniffer C.R.; Seagle, M. Brent; Williams, William N.; Nackashi, John A.; Boggs, Steve; Graciano, Maria I.G.; Souza, Telma V.; Neto, José S.M.; Garla, Luis A.; Silva, Marcos L.N.; Marques, Ilza L.; Borgo, Hilton C.; Martinelli, Ângela P.M.C.; Shuster, Jonathan J.; Pimentel, Maria C.M.; Zimmermann, Maria C.; Bento-Gonçalves, Cristina G.A.; Kemker, F. Joseph; McGorray, Susan P.; Pegoraro-Krook, Maria I.
Objective Cleft palate increases the risk of chronic middle ear disease and hearing loss. The goal of this report was to determine which of two palate surgeries and which timing of palate surgery were associated with better otologic and audiologic outcomes in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate at 5 to 6 years of age. Design Subjects were randomly assigned to the von Langenbeck with intravelar veloplasty or Furlow palate repair, to palate surgery at 9 to 12 months or 15 to 18 months of age, and to the Spina or Millard lip repair. Setting Centralized, tertiary care craniofacial treatment center. Patients A total of 673 infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Interventions Palate and lip were repaired using established techniques. Serial otoscopic and audiometric evaluations were performed. Main Outcome Measures Hearing and otoscopic findings at 5 to 6 years old. Results There were 370 children available for analysis. Hearing and need for tympanostomy tube placement did not differ by palatoplasty, age at palatoplasty, cheiloplasty, or surgeon. Risk of developing cholesteatoma or perforation was higher with Millard cheiloplasty (odds ratio = 5.1, 95% confidence interval = 1.44 to 18.11, p = .012). Type and age at palatoplasty were not significantly associated with either the rate of developing these sequelae or the rate of achieving bilaterally normal hearing and ear examinations. Conclusions Type of palatoplasty did not influence otologic and audiologic outcomes in 5- to 6-year-olds with unilateral cleft lip and palate. The potential influence of lip repair on otologic outcomes warrants further investigation. PMID:20536371
My internship at Johnson Space Center, Houston TX comprised of working simultaneously in the Space Life Science Directorate (Clinical Services Branch, SD3) in Audiology and Hearing Conservation and in the Astromaterials Research and Exploration Sciences Directorate in the Orbital Debris Program Office (KX). The purpose of the project done to support the Audiology and Hearing Conservation Clinic (AuHCon) is to organize and analyze auditory test data that has been obtained from tests conducted onboard the International Space Station (ISS) and in Johnson Space Center's clinic. Astronauts undergo a special type of auditory test called an On-Orbit Hearing Assessment (OOHA), which monitors hearing function while crewmembers are exposed to noise and microgravity during long-duration spaceflight. Data needed to be formatted to assist the Audiologist in studying, analyzing and reporting OOHA results from all ISS missions, with comparison to conventional preflight and post-flight audiometric test results of crewmembers. Orbital debris is the #1 threat to manned spacecraft; therefore NASA is investing in different measurement techniques to acquire information on orbital debris. These measurements are taken with telescopes in different parts of the world to acquire brightness variations over time, from which size, rotation rates and material information can be determined for orbital debris. Currently many assumptions are taken to resolve size and material from observed brightness, therefore a laboratory (Optical Measurement Center) is used to simulate the space environment and acquire information of known targets suited to best model the orbital debris population. In the Orbital Debris Program Office (ODPO) telescopic data were acquired and analyzed to better assess the orbital debris population.
Harish Chandra Reddy
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Interpersonal communication, day to day activities, learning language and acquiring grades in the school are important parts in the life of school going children. Unilateral or bilateral Loss of hearing affects education and the child feels handicapped socially, emotionally, and scholastically. Such children lose grades and retained in the same class affecting them emotionally. The present study was conducted in order to find out the various causes of unilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss (USNHL in children and to study role of various audiological findings in diagnosing the cause of impaired hearing in children. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To find out the possible etiological causes and study the role of various audiological tests in finding the causes of unilateral impaired hearing in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study was conducted in the Department of ENT of a tertiary Hospital attached to a Medical College in Warangal, Telangana. A total of 346 children aged between 4 and 15 years attended presenting with complaints of impaired hearing. Among them 73 children with unilateral sensorineural deafness were included in the study. After a thorough ENT examination subjective tests like pure tone audiometry and behavioral observation audiometry and objective tests like impedance audiometry, Oto-acoustic emissions (OAE, and brainstem evoked response audiometry (BERA were performed. RESULTS While identifying the possible etiological cause of USNHL, OAE revealed 56.16% REFER and 43.83% PASS results. Impedance audiometric results showed 71.22% as Type A Tympanogram. Pure tone audiometric results were mostly showed severe and profound hearing losses together accounting to 87.66%. BERA findings were mostly on severe and profound hearing loss (90.40%. No children with syndromic or cranio-facial abnormalities were found. CONCLUSIONS A prospective Hospital based study of school children with USNHL showed acquired nature of the
Howe, Richard D.
This report, covering 1,433 speech-language pathology and audiology faculty, is part of an annual national survey of faculty salaries. The survey is in two parts one covering public and one covering private four-year colleges and universities. Data for the l995-96 baseline year and 1998-99 trend year were collected for full-time teaching faculty…
Akeroyd, Michael A.; Arlinger, Stig; Bentler, Ruth A.; Boothroyd, Arthur; Dillier, Norbert; Dreschler, Wouter A.; Gagne, Jean-Pierre; Lutman, Mark; Wouters, Jan; Wong, Lena; Kollmeier, Birger
Objective: To provide guidelines for the development of two types of closed-set speech-perception tests that can be applied and interpreted in the same way across languages. The guidelines cover the digit triplet and the matrix sentence tests that are most commonly used to test speech recognition in noise. They were developed by a working group on Multilingual Speech Tests of the International Collegium of Rehabilitative Audiology (ICRA). Design: The recommendations are based on reviews of ex...
Sekula, A; Obrebowski, A; Jackowska, J; Szyfter-Harris, J; Hashimoto, A; Kaminska, I
Introduction: Since Autumn 2002, a Program of Universal Neonatal Hearing Screening (UNHS) has been introduced to whole Poland. It includes 3 diagnostic levels. The first one takes place in all (c.500) neonatological units in Poland. Over 98% of newborns have been examined (over 1,000,000 ). Infants at about 3 months of age enter the second level of the Program. Over 50 audiological council centres organize this level of the Program. Infants are examined during 1-day hospitalization. The thir...
Full Text Available The public health challenge of hearing impairment is growing, as age is the major determinant of hearing loss. Almost one in four (22.6% over 75-year olds reports moderate or severe worry because of hearing problems. There is a 40% comorbidity of tinnitus and balance disorders. Good outcomes depend on early presentation and appropriate referral. This paper describes how the NHS Improvement Programme in England used service improvement methodologies to identify referral pathways and tools which were most likely to make significant improvements in diagnosing hearing loss, effective referrals and better patient outcomes. An audiometric screening device was used in GP surgeries to enable thresholds for effective referrals to be measured in the surgery. Revised referral criteria, the use of this device, new “assess and fit” technology in the audiology clinic, and direct access pathways can transform audiology service delivery so that patient outcomes are measurably better. This, in turn, changes the experience of GPs, so they are more likely to refer patients who can benefit from treatment. At the end of 2011, 51 GP practices in one of the audiology pilot areas had bought HearCheck screeners, a substantial development from the 4 practices who first engaged with the pilot.
Full Text Available Audiologists and speech-language therapists working in developing contexts like South Africa have the opportunity to address a range of needs through their research. One of these needs is the development of assessments and therapy materials that are appropriate for their clients’particular language needs and cultural background. This editorial paper aims to introduce original research in speech-language therapy and audiology, which has been carried out in South Africa and other developing contexts and is presented in this volume of the journal. In addition we suggest that while the focus of much research is on the destination or end product that is developed, there is a need to share the methodologies that are used to reach that goal so that more research can be carried out by a wider pool of students, researchers and clinicians. We describe some of the methods that we have used in our research – often in small scale projects with budgetary constraints, which would be feasible for clinicians in their routine clinical contexts. Our hope is that others can build on these approaches, critique and share their own strategies for the ultimate advancement of the professions in southern Africa.
Pascoe, M; Rogers, C; Norman, V
Audiologists and speech-language therapists working in developing contexts like South Africa have the opportunity to address a range of needs through their research. One of these needs is the development of assessments and therapy materials that are appropriate for their clients' particular language needs and cultural background. This editorial paper aims to introduce original research in speech-language therapy and audiology, which has been carried out in South Africa and other developing contexts and is presented in this volume of the journal. In addition we suggest that while the focus of much research is on the destination or end product that is developed, there is a need to share the methodologies that are used to reach that goal so that more research can be carried out by a wider pool of students, researchers and clinicians. We describe some of the methods that we have used in our research--often in small scale projects with budgetary constraints, which would be feasible for clinicians in their routine clinical contexts. Our hope is that others can build on these approaches, critique and share their own strategies for the ultimate advancement of the professions in southern Africa. PMID:25158366
Full Text Available Abstract Background Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis has emerged as a significant problem with the resurfacing of tuberculosis and thus the need to use the second line drugs with the resultant increased incidence of adverse effects. We discuss the effect of second line aminoglycoside anti-tubercular drugs on the hearing status of MDR-TB patients. Methods Sixty four patients were put on second line aminoglycoside anti-TB drugs. These were divided into three groups: group I, 34 patients using amikacin, group II, 26 patients using kanamycin and group III, 4 patients using capreomycin. Results Of these, 18.75% of the patients developed sensorineural hearing loss involving higher frequencies while 6.25% had involvement of speech frequencies also. All patients were seen again approximately one year after aminoglycoside discontinuation and all hearing losses were permanent with no threshold improvement. Conclusion Aminoglycosides used in MDR-TB patients may result in irreversible hearing loss involving higher frequencies and can become a hearing handicap as speech frequencies are also involved in some of the patients thus underlining the need for regular audiologic evaluation in patients of MDR-TB during the treatment.
Full Text Available While most tinnitus cases have some degree of hearing impairment, a small percent of the patients admitted to Ear, Nose and Throat Clinics or Hearing Evaluation Centers are those who complain of tinnitus despite having normal hearing thresholds. Present study was performed in order to better understanding of the probable causes of tinnitus and to investigate possible changes in the cochlear and auditory brainstem function in normal hearing patients with chronic tinnitus. Altogether, 63 ears (31 ears with tinnitus and 32 ears without tinnitus were examined. The prevalence of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and characteristics of the auditory brainstem response components including wave latencies and wave amplitudes was determined in the two groups and analyzed with appropriate statistical methods. There was no difference between the prevalence of transient evoked emissions in the two groups. The mean difference between absolute latencies of waves I, III and V was less than 0.1 ms between the two groups that were not statistically significant. Also, the interpeak latency values of I-III, III-V and I-V in both groups had no significant difference. Only the V/I amplitude ratio in the tinnitus group was significantly larger than the other group (p =0.04. The changes observed in amplitude of waves, especially in the later ones, can be considered as an Audiologic finding in normal hearing tinnitus subjects and its possible role in generation of tinnitus in these patients must be investigated.
MARIA INÊS VIEIRA COUTO
Full Text Available A deficiência auditiva é uma das sequelas da meningite bacteriana que ocorre com maior frequência em crianças. Este estudo descreve o perfil audiológico (periférico e central de crianças internadas com diagnóstico de meningite bacteriana. Nas 89 crianças que compareceram ao seguimento audiológico após a alta hospitalar e foram submetidas aos testes audiológicos, os resultados evidenciaram que 85,4% apresentaram acuidade auditiva normal em ambas orelhas, 10,1% apresentaram deficiência auditiva neurossensorial bilateral e 4,5% apresentaram deficiência auditiva neurossensorial unilateral. Nos testes que avaliaram as habilidades de processamento auditivo, os resultados mostraram que 10% dessas crianças apresentaram alteração no desempenho de localização auditiva e de reconhecimento de sentenças com mensagem competitiva ipsilateral.Hearing loss is the more frequent sequel of bacterial meningitis in children. This study describes the audiological profile (peripheric and central of 89 children admitted to the hospital wards with the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. Those children attended audiological follow up, after their hospital descharge, and were submitted to audiological tests. The results showed that 85.4% among them presented normal hearing in both ears 10.1% presented bilateral neurosensorial hearing loss and 4.5% presented unilateral neurosensorial hearing loss. The results from the auditory processing skills assessment showed that 10% of those children presented auditory localization and recognition of sentences with competitive messages (Paediatric Sentences Identification - ipsilateral disorders.
Emmerich, Edeltraut; Rudel, Lars; Richter, Frank
The sound in classical orchestral music is louder than noise emissions allowed by national rules in industry. We wanted to assess the audiologic status of professional musicians at different ages of their careers and to look for a coherence of declined hearing ability and the sound emissions in order to substantiate advices for hearing protection and occupational medicine in musicians. Data from questionnaires (anamnestic data on sound exposure in profession and leisure times, use of hearing protection, self-evaluation of hearing function and hearing deficits), audiometric data and amplitudes of OAE were evaluated from 109 professional musicians aged 30-69 years from three major German orchestras and from 110 students of an academy of music (aged 11-19 years). Sound emissions of the whole orchestra and of single instruments/instrument groups were measured at the orchestra stages and pits during rehearsals and performances. None of the musicians was engaged in noisy hobbies and only a few used hearing protectors regularly. More than 50% of the musicians had a hearing loss of 15 dB(A) and more. Highest losses were found among the strings and the brass players. DPOAE amplitudes coincidently declined with the duration of performing music in the orchestras. Professional musicians aged older than 60 years had a significantly greater hearing loss at 4 and 6 kHz than those aged 30-39 years. Among the strings in one orchestra a dominant hearing deficit in the left ears was observed. Musicians need the same health care for their hearing as workers in noisy industry. A better education on the hearing hazards (use of hearing protectors) as well as sound protection in the rehearsal rooms is necessary. Hearing loss in professional musicians should be accepted as an occupational disease. PMID:18034257
Mariana Sodário Cruz
Full Text Available TEMA: os inquéritos de saúde constituem uma abordagem eficiente para estudos populacionais, sendo tal metodologia ainda pouco difundida entre os fonoaudiólogos brasileiros. Para a realização e análise de um estudo com base em inquéritos de saúde, o profissional deve transcender a visão clínica fonoaudiológica, partindo para uma abordagem social, demográfica, econômica e de saúde geral. OBJETIVO: realizar abordagem teórica acerca dos inquéritos de saúde, seus conceitos, histórico e resultados publicados no campo fonoaudiológico, com enfoque em saúde auditiva. CONCLUSÃO: os inquéritos de saúde constituem-se num método de investigação importante a ser explorado pelos fonoaudiólogos para que passem a recomendar ações relacionadas à saúde auditiva em sintonia com necessidades da população embasadas em dados epidemiológicos fidedignos.BACKGROUND: health surveys make up an efficient approach for population researches, and this methodology is not widely diffused among Brazilian audiologists and speech-language pathologists. In order to carry out a research based on health surveys; the professional should transcend the clinical audiologist and speech-language pathologist view, aiming at a social, demographic and economic view of health. PURPOSE: achieve theoretic approach about health inquiries, their concepts, history and published results in audiology and speech-language science, with emphasis on hearing health. CONCLUSION: health surveys make up an important investigation method to be explored by audiologists and speech-language pathologists, so that they mat recommend actions related to hearing health according with the population needs based on reliable epidemiologic data.
Full Text Available Maryam Balali,1,2 Behnam Kamalidehghan,3 Mohammad Farhadi,2 Fatemeh Ahmadipour,4 Mahmoud Dehghani Ashkezari,1 Mohsen Rezaei Hemami,2 Hossein Arabzadeh,2 Masoumeh Falah,2 Goh Yong Meng,5 Massoud Houshmand3 1Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Ashkezar Branch, Ashkezar, 2Department and Research Centre of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 3Medical Genetics Department, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran; 4Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 5Department of Veterinary Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia Abstract: Mitochondrial DNA mutations play an important role in causing sensorineural hearing loss. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of the mitochondrial genes RNR1, MT-TL1, and ND1 as well as the nuclear genes GJB2 and GJB6 with audiological examinations in nonfamilial Iranians with cochlear implants, using polymerase chain reaction, DNA sequencing, and RNA secondary structure analysis. We found that there were no novel mutations in the mitochondrial gene 12S rRNA (MT-RNR1 in patients with and without GJB2 mutation (GJB2+ and GJB2-, respectively, but a total of six polymorphisms were found. No mutations were observed in tRNALeu(UUR (MT-TL1. Furthermore, eight polymorphisms were found in the mitochondrial ND1 gene. Additionally, no mutations were observed in the nuclear GJB6 gene in patients in the GJB2- and GJB2+ groups. The speech intelligibility rating and category of auditory perception tests were statistically assessed in patients in the GJB2- and GJB2+ groups. The results indicated that there was a significant difference (P<0.05 between the categories of auditory perception score in the GJB2- group compared to that in the GJB2+ group. Successful cochlear implantation was observed among individuals with GJB2 mutations
Full Text Available Background: The objective of this study was to describe the audiologic and related characteristics of a group patient with speech perception affected out of proportion to pure tone hearing loss. A case series of patient were referred for evaluation and management to the Hearing Research Center.To describe the clinical picture of the patients with the key clinical feature of hearing loss for pure tones and reduction in speech discrimination out of proportion to the pure tone loss, having some of the criteria of auditory neuropathy (i.e. normal otoacoustic emissions, OAE, and abnormal auditory brainstem evoked potentials, ABR and lacking others (e.g. present auditory reflexes. Methods: Hearing abilities were measured by Pure Tone Audiometry (PTA and Speech Discrimination Scores (SDS, measured in all patients using a standardized list of 25 monosyllabic Farsi words at MCL in quiet. Auditory pathway integrity was measured by using Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR and Otoacoustic Emission (OAE and anatomical lesions Computed Tomography Scan (CT and Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI of brain and retrocochlea. Patient included in the series were 35 patients who have SDS disproportionably low with regard to PTA, absent ABR waves and normal OAE. Results: All patients reported the beginning of their problem around adolescence. Neither of them had anatomical lesion in imaging studies and neither of them had any finding suggestive of conductive hearing lesion. Although in most of the cases the hearing loss had been more apparent in the lower frequencies (i.e. 1000 Hz and less, a stronger correlation was found between SDS and hearing threshold at higher frequencies. These patients may not benefit from hearing aids, as the outer hair cells are functional and amplification doesn’t seem to help; though, it was tried for all. Conclusion: These patients share a pattern of sensory –neural loss with no detectable lesion. The age of onset and the gradual
Preface to the publication of the Chinese Version of the WHO Guidelines for Hearing Aids and Services for Developing Countries (2nd Edition) in the January 2005 issue of the Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology
Hearing Aids Working Group
@@ It is a great pleasure to be given this opportunity to write a preface for the publication of the first Chinese version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines for Hearing Aids and Services for Developing Countries (2nd Edition) in this issue of the Journal of Audiology and Speech Pathology.
Luís Cláudio do Carmo
Full Text Available A população idosa brasileira cresce e representa 8,6% do total populacional. Fatores ambientais, hábitos de vida, sexo e fatores genéticos interferem na evolução da presbiacusia que reduz a qualidade de vida. OBJETIVO: Investigar queixas audiológicas e vestibulares em idosos, executar audiometria tonal, verificar se há diferenças entre os sexos. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico prospectivo de corte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: 320 pacientes idosos (160 homens e 160 mulheres foram submetidos a anamnese audiológica e audiometria tonal. Análise estatística dos resultados pelos testes ANOVA, Mann-Whitney e Qui-Quadrado. RESULTADO: As queixas audiológicas e vestibulares (perda auditiva, tinnitus, plenitude auricular, tontura foram similares entre os sexos (exceção, a tontura: pThe Brazilian elderly population is growing, and already represents 8,6% of our total population. Environmental factors, lifestyle, gender and genetics impact the development of presbycusis, which reduces quality of life. AIM: investigate audiologic and vestibular complaints in the elderly; perform tonal audiometry and check to see if there are differences between genders. STUDY: Cross-sectional clinical prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 320 elderly patients (160 men and 160 women were submitted to audiologic interview and tonal audiometry. The results were statistically analyzed by the following methods: ANOVA, Mann-Whitney and Chi-Squared. RESULTS: audiologic and vestibular complaints (hearing loss, tinnitus, ear fullness, dizziness were similar between the genders (except for dizziness: p<0,05; tonal audiometry showed a significant difference, with hearing loss in the high frequencies among men; and among women the curves were descending and flat. These results were statistically significant (P<0,001. CONCLUSION: our results lead us to conclude that, when the genders are compared, hearing loss in the elderly has similar symptoms; however, there are
Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. Okumura, M., Bekki, D. & Satoh, K. (eds.). Springer, 240-252. Heritage, J. 2013. Epistemics in Conversation. In: Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers (eds), Handbook of Conversation Analysis. Boston: Wiley-Blackwell, 370-394. Heritage, J. 2012. The Epistemic Engine: Sequence...
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Patrícia Cotta Mancini
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a existência de alterações na audição de crianças com fenilcetonúria diagnosticadas e tratadas precocemente e comparar os resultados com os encontrados nas avaliações auditivas de crianças normais de mesma idade. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas imitanciometria e audiometria tonal e vocal em 63 crianças, sendo 30 no grupo controle, com média de idade de 8,1 anos, e 33 com fenilcetonúria no grupo de estudo, com média de idade de 7,7 anos. O grupo de estudo foi subdividido em 15 crianças com controle adequado da dieta e 18 crianças com controle inadequado da dieta, com médias de idade 8,1 e 7,2, respectivamente. A análise estatística utilizou o Teste t ou ANOVA. RESULTADOS: A audiometria revelou 83,3% de crianças com audição normal no grupo controle e 16,7% de perdas auditivas condutivas uni ou bilaterais. No grupo com fenilcetonúria, 66,7% das crianças apresentaram audição normal e 33,3% com perdas auditivas condutivas. Na imitanciometria, observou-se curvas normais em 91,7% das crianças do grupo controle e em 72,7% das crianças do grupo com fenilcetonúria. Houve diferença na comparação entre grupos para limiares aéreos, reflexos estapedianos, limiares de recepção da fala e índice de reconhecimento de fala. Não foi observada diferença entre os resultados das avaliações auditivas de crianças fenilcetonúricas com dieta adequada e inadequada. CONCLUSÃO: As crianças com fenilcetonúria diagnosticadas e tratadas precocemente apresentaram piores limiares de audibilidade por via aérea, limiares de recepção de fala e índice de reconhecimento de fala evidenciados à audiometria tonal e vocal, quando comparadas com crianças normais.PURPOSE: To investigate the existence of hearing impairments in infants with phenylketonuria with early diagnose and treatment, and to compare the audiological findings with those of their normal peers. METHODS: Vocal and pure-tone audiometry and acoustic immitance
Juliana Cunha da Costa
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: realizar uma análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de pacientes oncológicos quanto ao monitoramento auditivo. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados os prontuários dos pacientes em atendimento durante os meses de setembro a novembro de 2006. A amostra constituiu-se de 25 prontuários de indivíduos com idade compreendida entre um e 53 anos. Foram analisados os dados quanto aos seguintes aspectos: idade, sexo, classificação do câncer, tempo de apresentação da doença, medicamentos utilizados, tempo de tratamento quimioterápico, doenças associadas, realização de avaliação otorrinolaringológica e audiológica. RESULTADOS: verificou-se a falta de acompanhamento audiológico e otorrinolaringológico. A Vincristina foi o medicamento ototóxico mais utilizado. O tipo de câncer de maior ocorrência no setor foi a Leucemia Linfocítica aguda. O tempo que os indivíduos apresentavam o câncer foi de aproximadamente 16 meses e o tempo de tratamento quimioterápico desses pacientes foi em torno de 11 meses. Observou-se, também, a presença de doenças associadas ao câncer nos indivíduos pesquisados. CONCLUSÃO: constatou-se a necessidade de se instalar programas de monitoramento auditivo nos setores que realizam quimioterapia em pacientes oncológicos, uma vez que este tratamento utiliza medicamentos ototóxicos em diversas patologias.PURPOSE: to accomplish a retrospective analysis for medical records of oncologic patient for audiological monitoring. METHODS: the patients' medical records in attendance were used from September to November, 2006. The sample constituted of 25 medical records of individuals with ages between 1 and 53-year old. The data were analyzed as for the following aspects: age, sex, cancer classification, time having the disease, used drugs, time of chemotherapy treatment, associated diseases, accomplishment of otorhinolaryngologic and audiologic evaluation. RESULTS: we verified the lack of audiologic and
Grenness, Caitlin; Meyer, Carly; Scarinci, Nerina; Ekberg, Katie; Hickson, Louise
Hearing impairment is highly prevalent in the older population, and it impacts communication and quality of life for both the people with the hearing difficulties and their significant others. In this article, typical audiological assessment and management of an older adult is contrasted with a best practice approach wherein the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework is applied. The aim of the comparison is to demonstrate how the ICF expands our focus: rather than merely focusing on impairment, we also consider the activities, participation, and contextual factors for both the person with the hearing impairment and his or her family. A case example of an older patient and her spouse is provided, and their shared experience of the patient's hearing impairment is mapped onto the ICF framework. Family-centered hearing care is recommended for individualizing care and improving outcomes for older patients and their families. PMID:27489398
Karina Aki Otubo
Full Text Available Tocar um instrumento musical requer a integração das habilidades perceptiva, motora, e cognitiva, desenvolvidas modularmente, de forma gradativa e hierarquicamente coordenada. Na realização de uma obra musical, a audição atua de forma marcante na sua complexa associação com o cérebro, capaz de produzir mudanças comportamentais e emocionais nos humanos. O presente estudo analisa o perfil audiológico de estudantes de graduação em Música, que foram submetidos à Avaliação Audiológica (Entrevista, Audiometria Tonal Liminar, Logoaudiometria, e Imitanciometria, além dos exames complementares de Audiometria Tonal de Altas Frequências (AT-AF e Emissões Otoacústicas Evocadas por Estímulo Transiente (EOAT. Os resultados indicaram que os estudantes apresentam audição dentro da normalidade. Entretanto, ações educativas e preventivas são essenciais para promover a conscientização sobre alterações auditivas nesse grupo de risco.Playing a musical instrument demands integration of perceptive, motor and cognitive skills, modularly and gradually developed and in a hierarchically coordinated fashion. In music performance, the complex association between hearing and the brain is central, one capable of producing behavioral and emotional changes in human beings. The present study analyzes audiological profiles of music students, who were submitted to Audiological Assessment (Interview, Threshold Tonal Audiometry, Logoaudiometry and Imitanciometry, besides the complementary examinations of High Frequencies Tonal Audiometry and Transient Evoked Otoacustic Emissions. The results indicated normal hearing for the students. Nevertheless, preventive and educative actions are essential to promote awareness of auditory alterations within this risk group.
Juliana Mota Ferreira
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Pacientes acometidos por Diabetes Mellitus (DM do tipo II constituem uma população de risco para alterações auditivas, uma vez que alterações metabólicas podem afetar tecidos nervosos e vasculares, que atingem diretamente os órgãos responsáveis pela audição. O presente estudo buscou investigar o perfil audiológico de pacientes com DM do tipo II. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, no qual foram avaliados 44 sujeitos (88 orelhas. A população selecionada encontrava-se na faixa etária de 25 a 65 anos de idade. Todos os sujeitos realizaram avaliação audiológica, sendo submetidos a audiometria tonal liminar, audiometria vocal e imitância acústica. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de pacientes com DM do tipo II foi maior no sexo feminino (77,3%. Trinta e um (70,4% pacientes apresentavam DM tipo do II a um período inferior a 10 anos. Trinta e três orelhas (37,5% apresentaram perda auditiva neurossensorial de grau leve ou moderado, com predomínio em freqüências altas. Na imitância acústica, 71 orelhas (80,7% apresentaram curva do tipo A, e 83 orelhas (94,3% tiveram presença de reflexo estapediano. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se a ocorrência de perda auditiva em pacientes portadores de DM do tipo II, conseqüentemente, a avaliação audiológica desses pacientes é importante para o acompanhamento das alterações auditivas.PURPOSE: People that suffer from Diabetes Mellitus (DM type II constitute a risk population for hearing disorders, since metabolic disease can affect nerve and vascular tissues that attain directly the auditory system. The present study investigated the audiologic profile of patients with DM type II. METHODS: A descriptive study was carried out, where 44 patients (88 ears were evaluated. The ages of the subjects ranged from 25 to 65 years. All subjects underwent an audiological evaluation that included pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry and acoustic immittance measures. RESULTS: The prevalence
Jaqueline Medeiros de Mello
Otoacoustic (EOA-T and cochlear palpebral reflex. For newborns, those who failed the hearing screening in one or both ears, were referred to a second evaluation. In the retest, while the EOA-T test result in not passing on one or both ears, the child was referred for evaluation and otorhinolaringology management. After completing the Auditory Evoked Potential test, the team of evaluators decided whether it should refer the child to investigate the mutation. When there was suspicion of hearing impairment we collected 3 mL of peripheral venous blood for the detection of mutation in the connexin 26 gene. RESULTS: we observed the presence of conductive hearing loss in 2 neonates (0.22% and sensorineural in 1 (0.11%. In children with sensorineural hearing loss we detected the presence of 35delG mutation. CONCLUSION: the audiological assessment in conjunction with molecular tests of the main GJB2 gene mutations in newborns with suspected hearing loss contributed to the rapid audiological diagnostic, seeking early intervention, educational and genetic counseling and prognosis of the child.
Carlos Henrique F. Martins
Full Text Available A síndrome de Waardenburg foi inicialmente descrita em 1951 por P.J. Waardenburg, como uma condição autossômica dominante que apresenta penetrância e expressividade variáveis de seus caracteres. Os sinais clínicos mais frequentes são: deslocamento lateral dos cantos internos dos olhos (telecanto, hiperplasia da porção medial dos supercílios (sinofris, base nasal proeminente e alargada, alterações na pigmentação da íris e da pele, surdez congênita, mecha branca frontal ou encanecimento precoce. Este estudo foi realizado em dois irmãos de uma família, que apresentavam características clínicas da síndrome de Waardenburg, entre elas a deficiência auditiva. Os pacientes foram submetidos à uma avaliação otorrinolaringológica, audiológica e genética.Waardenburg's Syndrome, first described in 1951 by P.J. Waardenburg, is an autossomal dominant condition with variable penetrance and expressivity of its features. The clinical signs are lateral displacement of the inner canthi of the eyes, confluent eyebrows, broad and prominent nasal root, pigmentation changes of the irises and skin, sensorineural deafness, white forelock or early graying of the hair. This study was based on two brothers who presented a typical clinical picture of Waardenburg's Syndrome, including hearing loss. Otolaryngological, audiological and genetical evaluations were conducted.
Karina Costa Brosco
's syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly, of which the etiology is yet unknown, and characterized by a classical triad of ocular, auricular and vertebral abnormalities. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Serie report. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study used 30 individuals presenting Goldenhar's syndrome, that were regularly enrolled in the Craniofacial Anomaly Rehabilitation Hospital (HRAC, of both sexes, varying from 8 to 34 years old. AIM: The goal was to characterize the audiologic profile to the individuals presenting this syndrome, thus, assuring a better treatment and orientation for them, and also the establishment of the frequency of contra-lateral auditory commitment in individual with the classical unilateral involvement. RESULTS: The auditory assessment of this study showed ATL, tympanometry, EOA-T and BERA. According to the results, we concluded that 35% (N=10 of the individuals presented, as a characteristic of the audiologic profile, loss of hearing type sensorioneural, mixed with varied levels from moderate to deep (7 uni and 3 bilateral; 13% (n=4 presented conductive loss (bilaterally with levels mild to severe and 3% (n=1 presented a unilateral deep type of sensorioneural loss. This study showed 40% n=12 with normal bilateral hearing and in 10% (n=3 it wasn't possible to establish the characteristic of the audiologic profile, since only the BERA was used as an assessment tool for establishing the electro-physiologic threshold. Of the twelve (12 individuals presenting unilateral malformations of the left ear, only two (02 presented contra-lateral auditory commitment of the ear, one type mixed with a severe level and one conductive of a moderate level. Considering the sex variable, the mayor predominance of the Goldenhar's syndrome was for females (57% compared to the males (43%, but these results weren't statistically significant, as well as for the unaffected anatomical side, that was predominantly the right side.
Salary-Trend Studies of Faculty for the Years 1985-86 and 1988-89 in the Following Disciplines/Major Fields: Accounting; Agricultural Production; Anthropology; Architecture and Environmental Design; Area and Ethnic Studies; Audiology and Speech Pathology; Business Administration and Management; Business and Management; Business Economics; Chemistry; Communication Technologies; Communications; Computer and Information Sciences; Curriculum and Instruction; and Dramatic Arts.
Howe, Richard D.; And Others
This volume provides comparative data for faculty salaries in public and private colleges, based on an annual survey of over 700 colleges and universities. Data cover the following 15 disciplines: accounting, agribusiness and agricultural production, anthropology, architecture and environmental design, area and ethnic studies, audiology and speech…
Amin, Kavit; Hone, Robert; Kanegaonkar, Rahul
No studies to date have objectively assessed whether pinna morphology affects sound intensity detected within the external auditory canal (EAC). Commonly performed procedures on the EAC are carried out for acquired and congenital pathology, together with correction of ear deformities. Our aim was to use an experimental model to identify whether a relationship exists between pinna shape and its subsequent effect on the hearing subject. An anatomically accurate and life-size model made of rubber composite was used for this study. Serial sections (small wedge, defect open; small wedge, defect closed; large wedge, defect open; large wedge, defect closed [equivalent to a protruding ear]; and pinnectomy) were undertaken, and the sound intensity changes assessed at the junction between the EAC and middle ear (tympanic membrane position) using an AURICAL Plus (Otometrics; Taastrup, Denmark) sound processor. A statistically significant loss was demonstrated for wedge-excised models, which was greatest at 180° azimuth. This loss was significantly reduced when the wedge defects were closed. A statistically significant improvement was demonstrated in the protruding ("bat") ear model compared with the normal ear at 0° azimuth. In this model, gain in sound intensity is adversely affected by pinna wedge resection. Because this change may be increased in those with protruding ears, this factor is important to consider for all cosmetic and noncosmetic operations to the pinna, and it supports the notion that the pinna is not a simple funnel. PMID:27551847
This thesis is devoted towards the loudness perception of normal- and hearing-impaired listeners. It starts with a description of a field-test performed with a wearable DSP prototype hearing aid, which aims at restoring loudness perception in the individual hearing-impaired listener with different dynamic compression algorithms (chapter 2). In chapter 3 two methods (loudness matching and categorical loudness scaling) for assessing loudness perception are tested against each other. The reminde...
Hindhede, Anette Lykke
the 'truth'. By building on a sociological approach to hearing impairment that reaches beyond the medical definition, we see another picture emerging. Some patients embark on the process of getting a hearing aid and come to the hearing aid fitting as a response to social pressure from relatives or...
Diagnostic ultrasound is a beneficial technique which can be used the audiologists based on essential instruction. Although there are a lot of barriers in relation to the size of the probe and the resolution of the pictures which are obtained, with this method some kind of information can be gained that is impossible to get by any other method. The ability of real- time A and B modes for direct visualization makes them useful tools to study the changes of the ear structures. Ultrasound system...
Brannen, Susan J.; Huffman, Nancy P.; Marttila, Joan; Williams, Evelyn J.
The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) is the professional, scientific, and credentialing association for more than 109,000 audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists. ASHA's mission is to ensure that all people with speech, language, and hearing disorders have access to quality…
Karlos Thiago Pinheiro dos Santos
Full Text Available Surdez no hipotireoidismo já foi descrita por diversos autores, porém a fisiopatologia é incerta. OBJETIVOS: Realizar avaliações audiológicas de pacientes com hipotireoidismo adquirido. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Grupos de estudo: hipotireoidismo (GH, n-30 e controle (GC, n-30. Parâmetros estudados: gênero, tempo do hipotireoidismo, co-morbidades, sintomas cócleo-vestibulares, exames bioquímicos e hormonais, limiares audiométricos, PEATE e EOAT. RESULTADOS: Todos os participantes eram mulheres; em GH 70% dos pacientes apresentavam tireoidite de Hashimoto e 60% tinham diagnóstico de hipotireoidismo há mais de 5 anos. Depressão e hipertensão foram as principais co-morbidades do grupo GH. Todos os pacientes de GH tinham valores elevados de TSH e 50% deles apresentavam diminuição de T4 livre. Surdez neurossensorial foi detectada em 22 orelhas de GH e em 7 de GC. PEATE mostrou-se normal nos participantes do GC e alterado em 10 orelhas do GH, havendo predomínio do aumento de L-V. EOAT estiveram ausentes em 12 orelhas de GH e em 4 de GC. CONCLUSÕES: Os pacientes com hipotireoidismo apresentaram mais sintomas cócleo-vestibulares, limiares audiométricos mais elevados, prolongamento das latências absolutas de L-V no PEATE e ausência ou redução as amplitudes das emissões otoacústicas. Tais alterações não estavam associadas aos níveis de TSH e T4 livre.Hearing loss in hypothyroidism has been reported by many authors but its pathophysiology is unclear. AIMS: to study the audiological evaluation of patients with acquired hypothyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: two groups were included: a hypothyroidism group (HG, n-30, and a control group (CG, n-30. Parameters studied: gender, time of hypothyroidism, comorbidities, cochleovestibular symptoms, biochemistry and hormonal exams (TSH, T4, tonal audiometry, TOAEs and BERA. RESULTS: all participants were women, 70% of the HG had Hashimoto thyroiditis, 60% of the HG had had the diagnostic of
Carla Gentile Matas
Full Text Available Indivíduos com transtornos psiquiátricos podem apresentar distúrbios perceptuais, de atenção e memória, questionando-se a presença de perdas auditivas periféricas e/ou centrais. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho é descrever os resultados obtidos nas avaliações audiológica e eletrofisiológica, verificando a ocorrência de alterações auditivas periféricas e/ou centrais nesta população. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 20 indivíduos com autismo e síndrome de Asperger, e 20 indivíduos em desenvolvimento típico, entre oito e 19 anos. RESULTADOS: Todos os indivíduos apresentaram resultados normais na avaliação audiológica. No PEATE, 50% dos indivíduos com autismo e 30% com síndrome de Asperger apresentaram alterações, havendo diferença estatisticamente significante na análise dos dados quantitativos em ambos os grupos. Em todos os grupos verificaram-se alterações no PEAML e P300. No PEAML, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos na análise dos dados quantitativos e qualitativos. No P300, observou-se diferença estatisticamente significante quando comparados os grupos controle e síndrome de Asperger na análise dos dados quantitativos. CONCLUSÃO: Verificou-se grande ocorrência de alterações nos potenciais evocados auditivos em crianças autistas e com síndrome de Asperger, embora em algumas análises realizadas não tenha sido constatada diferença estatisticamente significante. Enfatiza-se a importância da investigação minuciosa da função auditiva em indivíduos com transtornos psiquiátricos.Individuals with psychiatric disorders can present perception, attention and memory deficits, raising doubts about peripheral and/or central hearing loss. Thus, the aim of this study is to describe the audiological and electrophysiological results of individuals with psychiatric disorders, looking for peripheral and/or central auditory disorders. METHODS: 20 individuals with autism
Cleiciane Martins Braga
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: investigar o perfil mercadológico do fonoaudiólogo atuante na área de audiologia clínica da cidade de Fortaleza, buscando identificar a formação em nível de pós-graduação, quantificar a faixa salarial, analisar o nível de satisfação do profissional e avaliar a jornada de trabalho e o vínculo empregatício desse profissional. MÉTODO: estudo transversal, realizado no período de fevereiro a abril de 2010, tendo-se aplicado um questionário acerca da atuação fonoaudiológica na área de Audiologia Clínica em 30 fonoaudiólogos, 29 (96,7% do gênero feminino e um (3,3% do gênero masculino, com idade média de 31,4 anos, variando entre 24 e 44 anos de idade, na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará. O questionário abrangeu os seguintes itens: dados de formação acadêmica, remuneração, área de atuação, setor de atuação, jornada de trabalho em horas semanais, vínculo empregatício e nível de satisfação com a área de atuação. Os dados foram organizados e analisados estatisticamente por meio do teste de igualdade de duas proporções. RESULTADOS: treze (43,3% dos fonoaudiólogos que atuam com Audiologia Clínica recebem entre quatro a seis salários mínimos. Vinte e quatro (80% fonoaudiólogos atuantes na área da Audiologia Clínica são autônomos, quatro (13,3% tem Carteira de Trabalho assinada e dois (6,7% são pessoas jurídicas. Dezesseis (53,3% dos fonoaudiólogos estão satisfeitos com a sua profissão. CONCLUSÃO: o fonoaudiólogo atuante na área de Audiologia Clínica na cidade de Fortaleza apresenta, predominantemente, curso de especialização, renda salarial entre quatro e seis salários mínimos, com jornada de trabalho de 10 a 20 horas semanais. A maioria são profissionais autônomos e sentem-se satisfeitos com sua atuação profissional.PURPOSE: to investigate the market profile of speech therapist professional working in the area of clinical audiology in Fortaleza, identifying the postgraduate level
An integrated knowledge translation experience: use of the Network of Pediatric Audiologists of Canada to facilitate the development of the University of Western Ontario Pediatric Audiological Monitoring Protocol (UWO PedAMP v1.0).
Moodie, Sheila T; Bagatto, Marlene P; Miller, Linda T; Kothari, Anita; Seewald, Richard; Scollie, Susan D
Pediatric audiologists lack evidence-based, age-appropriate outcome evaluation tools with well-developed normative data that could be used to evaluate the auditory development and performance of children aged birth to 6 years with permanent childhood hearing impairment. Bagatto and colleagues recommend a battery of outcome tools that may be used with this population. This article provides results of an evaluation of the individual components of the University of Western Ontario Pediatric Audiological Monitoring Protocol (UWO PedAMP) version 1.0 by the audiologists associated with the Network of Pediatric Audiologists of Canada. It also provides information regarding barriers and facilitators to implementing outcome measures in clinical practice. Results indicate that when compared to the Parents' Evaluation of Aural/Oral Performance of Children (PEACH) Diary, audiologists found the PEACH Rating Scale to be a more clinically feasible evaluation tool to implement in practice from a time, task, and consistency of use perspective. Results also indicate that the LittlEARS(®) Auditory Questionnaire could be used to evaluate the auditory development and performance of children aged birth to 6 years with permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI). The most cited barrier to implementation is time. The result of this social collaboration was the creation of a knowledge product, the UWO PedAMP v1.0, which has the potential to be useful to audiologists and the children and families they serve. PMID:22194315
Audiometria de altas frequências no diagnóstico complementar em audiologia: uma revisão da literatura nacional High-frequency audiometry in audiological complementary diagnosis: a revision of the national literature
Karlin Fabianne Klagenberg
Full Text Available A audiometria de altas frequências (AAF é um exame audiológico importante na detecção precoce de perdas auditivas por lesões na base do ducto coclear. Nos últimos anos, a sua utilização foi facilitada pelo fato de os audiômetros comercializados passarem a incorporar frequências superiores a 8 kHz. Porém, existem diferenças relacionadas aos equipamentos utilizados, às metodologias empregadas e/ou aos resultados e interpretação. Assim, o objetivo deste artigo foi analisar a produção científica nacional sobre a aplicação clínica com AAF, para compreender sua utilização atual. Foram pesquisados textos publicados e indexados nas bases de dados LILACS, SciELO e Medline, num período de tempo de dez anos, utilizando como descritor "audiometria de altas frequências/high-frequency audiometry". Encontraram-se 24 artigos científicos nacionais utilizando AAF, cuja população avaliada, em sua maioria, apresentava de 18 a 50 anos de idade; 13 dos estudos determinaram os limiares utilizando como referência decibel nível de audição (dBNA; alguns estudos realizaram a comparação dos limiares auditivos tonais entre grupos para definir a normalidade; os autores relataram diferenças significativas nos limiares auditivos de altas frequências entre as idades. A AAF é utilizada na clínica audiológica para identificação precoce de alterações auditivas e no acompanhamento da audição de sujeitos expostos a drogas ototóxicas e/ou agentes otoagressores.High-frequency audiometry (HFA is an important audiological test for early detection of hearing losses caused by leasions in the base of the cochlear duct. In recent years, its use was facilitated because audiometers began to identify frequencies higher than 8 kHz. However, there are differences related to the equipment used, the methodologies followed, and/or to the results and their interpretation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the national scientific production
唐向荣; 黄丽辉; 李红辉; 杨艳; 林楠; 周雪燕
目的 探讨脑性瘫痪伴听力损失儿童的听力学特点及高危因素.方法 对2009年1月～2010年12月诊断为脑性瘫痪的120例患儿进行听力学诊断,包括ABR、诊断型DPOAE测试,明确是否伴有听力损伤及听损伤的程度和部位,并对听力损伤的高危因素进行分析.结果 120例脑性瘫痪儿童中,双耳ABR反应阈正常82例(68.33％,82/120),其DPOAE均正常；38例(31.67％,38/120)ABR异常,其中,双耳35例,3例轻度、5例中度、3例重度、24例极重度；单耳3例,2例极重度、1例中度听力损失；23例双耳、3例单耳DPOAE未引出,与ABR检查结果一致,符合感音神经性聋诊断；12例双耳DPOAE正常,而ABR波形异常,符合蜗后聋诊断.38例听损伤脑瘫患儿的高危因素主要有高胆红素血症13例(34.21％)、窒息8例(21.05％)、早产低体重8例(21.05％),母孕期感染7例(18.42％)、伴其它新生儿疾病(先天性甲状腺机能低下症、败血症、化脓性脑膜炎、面神经麻痹等)6例(15.79％),脑瘫或耳聋家族史2例(5.26％),有两种或两种以上高危因素者11例.结论 本组脑性瘫痪伴听力损失儿童以双耳极重度感音神经性聋为主,其次为双耳极重度蜗后聋,多数脑瘫伴听力损失儿童具有听力损伤高危因素.%Objective To study the audiological characteristics and high risk factors of hearing loss infants with cerebral palsy. Methods 120 infants with cerebral palsy received audiological diagnostic tests, including auditory brainstem response (ABR), distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE). The injured parts and degrees were analyzed while high risk factors of hearing loss were analyzed. Results Among 120 cases,38 cases sensorineu-ral hearing loss were found ,including 35 cases bilateral hearing loss,3 cases unilateral hearing loss. There were 24 cases of profound hearing loss,3 cases of severe hearing loss,3 cases of mild and 5 cases of moderate hearing loss. According to the result
Stiles, Derek J
In my quest to become a better professor, I have been searching for the instructional paradigms that best facilitate the educational process between me and my students. To support this endeavor, I opted to study learning diversity. The results of my investigation led me to reflect upon whether my teaching strategies inadvertently engaged only a subset of my students. I believe that was the case. In this article, I will describe the experiential learning model, how I used it to measure my students' learning styles, and how I used the model to make my teaching more holistic. PMID:23739057
Satheesh; Sunil Kumar; Muneeruddin Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: Age Related Hearing Loss (ARHL) is defined as loss of hearing in elderly persons not influe nced by the extraneous factors like noise trauma etc or intrinsic like CVS related diseases or endocrinal disorders like Diabetes. Also termed as Presbycusis it is defined as the loss of hearing due to age related changes taking place in the auditory syste m starting from the pinna to the cortical centers in the brain. It does not include any other factor contributing...
Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Age Related Hearing Loss (ARHL is defined as loss of hearing in elderly persons not influe nced by the extraneous factors like noise trauma etc or intrinsic like CVS related diseases or endocrinal disorders like Diabetes. Also termed as Presbycusis it is defined as the loss of hearing due to age related changes taking place in the auditory syste m starting from the pinna to the cortical centers in the brain. It does not include any other factor contributing or initiating the pathological changes in the auditory system resulting in hearing loss. All these changes in the tissues are not pathological but truly age related. The threshold of hearing is defined as the pure tone average across the frequencies of 0.5 to 8 kHz. The severity of hearing loss is graded as profound hearing loss : more than 90dB , severe to severe loss : 71 - 90 dB or more ; Moderate to severe hearing loss : 56 - 70 , Moderate hearing loss : 41 - 55 dB HL ; Mild hearing loss : 26 - 40 dB HL. Present study is to evaluate hearing loss in persons aged above 65 years both of those attending the Hospital for loss of hearing and those screened in a sur vey. AIM: To evaluate the hearing thresholds in individuals aged above 65 years attending the Government General Hospital and among the people attending the hearing screening done in the city of Warangal. The study also includes the review of the literature on ARHL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 185 individuals aged above 65 years are evaluated for hearing thresholds with the help of pure tone audiometry and speech audiometry. Among the 185 individuals 102 are patients attending the Department of ENT for the compla ints of loss of hearing. The remaining 83 individuals are from the survey conducted to screen for hearing loss in the city of Warangal for the population aged above 65 years. Demographic data about the 185 individuals is collected. Pure tone audiogram and speech audiometry is done in all the patients. CONCLUSIONS: PTA and SRT values are similar in both the groups. Early old age groups presented with mild to severe types of deafness and loss in lower frequencies. Late old aged people showed profound hearing l oss and increased thresholds in higher frequencies. SRT estimation seemed more sensitive than calculating PTA in the persons above 85 years. Females showed 5 to 10 dB lower PTA values than males in all ages.
Estudo das latências e amplitudes dos potenciais evocados auditivos de média latência em indivíduos audiologicamente normais Middle latency response study of auditory evoked potentials’ amplitudes and lantencies audiologically normal individuals
Ivone Ferreira Neves
Full Text Available Estudo de coorte contemporânea com corte transversal. O Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Média Latência (PEAML é gerado entre 10 e 80ms e possui múltiplos geradores, com maior contribuição da região tálamo-cortical. O estabelecimento de critérios de normalidade para os valores de latência e amplitude é necessário para uso clínico. OBJETIVOS: Analisar a latência e amplitude do PEAML em indivíduos sem alterações audiológicas, e verificar a confiabilidade da amplitude Pa-Nb. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram coletados os PEAML de 25 indivíduos durante o ano de 2005 e analisados os componentes Na, Pa, Nb para cada orelha testada (A1 e A2, e posicionamento de eletrodo (C3 e C4. RESULTADOS: Observou-se diferença estatisticamente significante entre os valores médios de latência para C3A1 e C4A1 com relação aos componentes Na e Pa, não sendo encontrada esta diferença para o componente Nb e valores médios das amplitudes Na-Pa e Pa-Nb. CONCLUSÃO: Foram estabelecidos os valores das médias e desvios padrão para os parâmetros latência e amplitude dos componentes Na, Pa, Nb, e Na-Pa e Pa-Nb, nas condições C3A1, C4A1, C3A2, C4A2, proporcionando os parâmetros para a análise e interpretação deste potencial.Contemporary cohort cross-sectional study. Introduction: The auditory middle latency response (AMLR is generated between 10 and 80 ms and has multiple generators, with a greater contribution from the thalamus-cortical pathways. The establishment of normality criteria for latency and amplitude values is necessary for clinical use. AIM: to analyze the latency and amplitude of the AMLR in individuals without audiological disorders, and verify the reliability of Pa-Nb amplitude. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The AMLR of 25 individuals was collected during 2005 and the Na, Pa, Nb components were analyzed for each tested ear (A1 and A2, and electrode positioning (C3 and C4. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was noticed among middle
Construção do conceito de promoção da saúde: comparação entre estudantes ingressantes e concluintes de Fonoaudiologia Construction of the health promotion concept: comparative study between freshmen and senior Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students
Lidiane Gonçalves dos Santos
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar e comparar o conhecimento de ingressantes (estudantes do 1º período e concluintes (estudantes do 8º período de um curso de Fonoaudiologia acerca do tema promoção da saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo transversal realizado por meio da aplicação de 92 formulários em estudantes de Fonoaudiologia ingressantes e concluintes. A análise dos dados obtidos foi realizada em três etapas: análise descritiva das questões fechadas, análise estatística da associação entre as respostas do 1º e do 8º períodos, e análise qualitativa das questões abertas do formulário. RESULTADOS: A maioria dos entrevistados cursou disciplinas com o tema promoção da saúde; mais de um terço participou de atividades extracurriculares ou disciplinas práticas envolvendo o tema. A maioria referiu saber o que é promoção da saúde e ter a intenção de realizar ações em promoção da saúde. Os ingressantes relataram conceitos empíricos sobre promoção da saúde e confundiram promoção com prevenção. Entre os concluintes, a confusão existe em menor quantidade. CONCLUSÃO: O curso de graduação em Fonoaudiologia dos estudantes entrevistados contribui para a formação do conceito de promoção da saúde, porém existe uma confusão entre os termos prevenção e promoção da saúde, tanto entre os estudantes do 1º quanto do 8º período. Os dados evidenciam a importância de discutir o tema promoção da saúde durante o processo de formação do fonoaudiólogo.PURPOSE: To characterize and compare the knowledge of freshmen (1st period and senior (8th period undergraduate Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students regarding health promotion. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that involved the application of 92 forms to 1st and 8th period Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students. Data analysis was conducted in three stages: descriptive analysis of closed questions, statistical analysis crossing the answers of both
Full Text Available Owing to technological progress and a growing body of clinical experience, indication criteria for cochlear implants (CI are being extended to less severe hearing impairments. It is, therefore, worth reconsidering these indication criteria by introducing novel testing procedures. The diagnostic evidence collected will be evaluated. The investigation includes postlingually deafened adults seeking a CI. Prior to surgery, speech perception tests [Freiburg Speech Test and Oldenburg sentence (OLSA test] were performed unaided and aided using the Oldenburg Master Hearing Aid (MHA system. Linguistic skills were assessed with the visual Text Reception Threshold (TRT test, and general state of health, socio-economic status (SES and subjective hearing were evaluated through questionnaires. After surgery, the speech tests were repeated aided with a CI. To date, 97 complete data sets are available for evaluation. Statistical analyses showed significant correlations between postsurgical speech reception threshold (SRT measured with the adaptive OLSA test and pre-surgical data such as the TRT test (r=-0.29, SES (r=-0.22 and (if available aided SRT (r=0.53. The results suggest that new measures and setups such as the TRT test, SES and speech perception with the MHA provide valuable extra information regarding indication for CI.
Interação entre audiologia e genética no estudo de uma família: a complexidade do diagnóstico molecular e do aconselhamento genético Interaction between audiology and genetics in the study of a family: the complexity of molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling
Flavia Maria Rodrigues Hoffmann
Full Text Available A deficiência auditiva como déficit sensorial mais comum tem dentre suas diferentes etiologias as alterações genéticas. Assim, é importante que a investigação audiológica se associe à busca do diagnóstico etiológico. OBJETIVO: Relatar o perfil audiológico e genético de três irmãos portadores de deficiência auditiva neurossensorial não-sindrômica. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudo de caso de três irmãos, do sexo masculino, com 3, 5 e 16 anos, respectivamente, submetidos à avaliação audiológica comportamental e eletrofisiológica, e estudo molecular. RESULTADOS: Os achados audiológicos mostraram: audiometria do tipo neurossensorial, bilateral, simétrica, de grau moderado a moderadamente severo e configuração descendente acentuada. EOAT e EOAPD ausentes nos dois irmãos mais novos. PEATE compatível com perda auditiva moderadamente severa a severa. Presença do P300 com latências dentro da normalidade bilateralmente no irmão mais velho. Os achados do exame molecular mostraram que as duas crianças mais novas eram heterozigotos para a mutação 35delG no gene GJB2 e o mais velho não apresentava essa mutação. CONCLUSÃO: A associação das avaliações fonoaudiológicas e genéticas permite o diagnóstico etiológico de perdas auditivas que à primeira vista são semelhantes, mas que não obedecem à mesma estrutura genética. Os estudos moleculares devem ser abrangentes, evitando diagnósticos precipitados que prejudiquem o aconselhamento genético.Hearing loss is a multifaceted condition with many etiologies, among which genetic mutation is. Therefore, it is important to connect audiological investigation to etiological diagnosis. AIM: this study aims to establish the audiological and genetic profiles of three non-syndromic children with sensorineural hearing loss. MATERIALS AND METHOD: three brothers aged 3, 5 and 16 were enrolled in this study. They were submitted to behavioral and electrophysiological hearing tests and
Magalhães, Ana Tereza de Matos
Full Text Available Introduction: The most relevant clinical symptom in Waardenburg syndrome is profound bilateral sensorioneural hearing loss. Aim: To characterize and describe hearing outcomes after cochlear implantation in patients with Waardenburg syndrome to improve preoperative expectations. Method: This was an observational and retrospective study of a series of cases. Children who were diagnosed with Waardenburg syndrome and who received a multichannel cochlear implant between March 1999 and July 2012 were included in the study. Intraoperative neural response telemetry, hearing evaluation, speech perception, and speech production data before and after surgery were assessed. Results: During this period, 806 patients received a cochlear implant and 10 of these (1.2% were diagnosed with Waardenburg syndrome. Eight of the children received a Nucleus 24® implant and 1 child and 1 adult received a DigiSonic SP implant. The mean age at implantation was 44 months among the children. The average duration of use of a cochlear implant at the time of the study was 43 months. Intraoperative neural responses were present in all cases. Patients who could use the speech processor effectively had a pure tone average of 31 dB in free-field conditions. In addition, the MUSS and MAIS questionnaires revealed improvements in speech perception and production. Four patients did not have a good outcome, which might have been associated with ineffective use of the speech processor. Conclusion: Despite the heterogeneity of the group, patients with Waardenburg syndrome who received cochlear implants were found to have hearing thresholds that allowed access to speech sounds. However, patients who received early intervention and rehabilitation showed better evolution of auditory perception.
Magalhães, Ana Tereza de Matos; Samuel, Paola Angélica; Goffi-Gomez, Maria Valeria Schimdt; Tsuji, Robinson Koji; Brito, Rubens; Bento, Ricardo Ferreira
Summary Introduction: The most relevant clinical symptom in Waardenburg syndrome is profound bilateral sensorioneural hearing loss. Aim: To characterize and describe hearing outcomes after cochlear implantation in patients with Waardenburg syndrome to improve preoperative expectations. Method: This was an observational and retrospective study of a series of cases. Children who were diagnosed with Waardenburg syndrome and who received a multichannel cochlear implant between March 1999 and July...
Full Text Available Objective. 312 tinnitus sufferers were studied in order to analyze: the clinical characteristics of tinnitus; the presence of tinnitus-age correlation and tinnitus-hearing loss correlation; the impact of tinnitus on subjects' life and where possible the etiological/predisposing factors of tinnitus. Results. There is a slight predominance of males. The highest percentage of tinnitus results in the decades 61–70. Of the tinnitus sufferers, 197 (63.14% have a hearing deficit (light hearing loss in 37.18% of cases. The hearing impairment results of sensorineural type in 74.62% and limited to the high frequencies in 58.50%. The tinnitus is referred as unilateral in 59.93%, a pure tone in 66.99% and 10 dB above the hearing threshold in 37.7%. It is limited to high frequencies in 72.10% of the patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL while the 88.37% of the patients with high-frequency SNHL have a high-pitched tinnitus (2=66.26;<.005. Conclusion. Hearing status and age represent the principal tinnitus related factors; there is a statistically significant association between high-pitched tinnitus and high-frequency SNHL. There is no significant correlation between tinnitus severity and tinnitus loudness confirming the possibility that neural connection involved in evoking tinnitus-related negative reactions are governed by conditioned reflexes.
Zafarullah Beigh; Malik, Manzoor A.; Mudasir ul Islam; Aamir Yousuf; Rafiq A Pampori
Daily activities, interpersonal relationship, employment, and general well being; among such skills, communication skills are essential to a successful life for all individuals. Such skills affect education, adequate hearing acuity is of paramount importance and acts as a prerequisite in the overall personality development of an individual. Hearing impairment at any age has serious effects on the day to day life of an individual and he/she feels handicapped socially, emotionally, and scholast...
Groh, Daniel; Kabelka, Z.; Popelář, Jiří; Pelánová, Jana; Jilek, Milan; Syka, Josef
-, - (2006), s. 206-206. [Symposium on Hearing Rehabilitation and Innovative Inner Ear Therapies. 18.09.2006-20.09.2006, Montpellier] R&D Projects: GA MZd NR8113; GA MŠk LC554 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50390512 Keywords : Audiologocal tests Subject RIV: FH - Neurology
Ferullo, Robert J.
To be effective in communicating diagnoses to parents of hearing impaired children, audiologists must understand parental feelings and be able to estimate parents' readiness to receive clinical findings. (CL)
Francesco Martines; Daniela Bentivegna; Fabiola Di Piazza; Enrico Martines; Vincenzo Sciacca; Gioacchino Martinciglio
Objective. 312 tinnitus sufferers were studied in order to analyze: the clinical characteristics of tinnitus; the presence of tinnitus-age correlation and tinnitus-hearing loss correlation; the impact of tinnitus on subjects' life and where possible the etiological/predisposing factors of tinnitus. Results. There is a slight predominance of males. The highest percentage of tinnitus results in the decades 61–70. Of the tinnitus sufferers, 197 (63.14%) have a hearing deficit (light hearing loss...
Leposavić Ljubica; Leposavić Ivana; Jašović-Gašić Miroslava; Nikolić-Balkoski Gordana; Milovanović Srđan
INTRODUCTION Currently available evidence reveals comparatively few studies of psychological effects of hearing impairments, in spite of the fact that clinicians have for a long time been aware of a connection between the acquired hearing impairment and mental disorders. They are focused on the investigation of dysfunction in general. Thus, three domains of the auditory imbalance may be distinguished: disorder, disability and handicap. 'Handicap', according to the definition of the World Heal...
The prevalence of communication disorders (speech, language, and hearing) among school-age children continues to increase, making it imperative that the classroom teacher be able to identify children in need of services. This article provides information that will enable all teachers to recognize when a child is exhibiting signs of a communication…
Egbert, Maria; Deppermann, Arnulf
In this brief presentation of Conversation Analysis (“CA”), we take up some of the communication problems associated with hearing loss and link them to conversation analytic concepts. We explain how attempts to control the conversation, embarrassment and miscommunication can be analyzed as intera...
Patrícia Souza Ribeiro
presented normal results in pure-tone and speech audiometry; however, speech discrimination scores were lower on the phenylketonuria group. Immitance tests revealed normal tympanograms for all children, but stapedial reflex thresholds demonstrated higher thresholds in 2 and 4 kHz for children with phenylketonuria. The suppresion of transient otoacoustic emissions did not show difference in the comparison between groups. CONCLUSION: The basic audiologic assessment do not identify hearing disorders in children with phenylketonuria; however, speech discrimination scores were lower and stapedial reflexes were higher in these children, which may indicate auditory processing disorders. The study of the suppression of transient otoacoustic emissions demonstrated integrity of the olivocochlear efferent system in children with phenylketonuria.
Estudo retrospectivo de crianças e jovens com deficiência auditiva: caracterização das etiologias e quadro audiológico Retrospective study of hearing impaired children and teenager: characterizing the etiologies and audiological aspects
Altair Cadrobbi Pupo
São Paulo, Brazil - DERDIC PUC-SP, that took part in a rehabilitation program from 1999 to 2002. METHODS: a retrospective study of 162 files of hearing impaired children between 12mo and 17:6 yrs old, the questionnaire elaborated by The Aural Rehabilitation Forum which occurs annually during the International Audiology Meeting in Brazil was used. RESULTS: the results showed 54% male and 46% female subjects; 60% between 3 and 8:11 years old; 43% had the suspicions of the hearing loss in the first year of life; for 25% of the subjects the diagnostic was carried out just after the suspicions; 34% finished the diagnostic one year after the suspicions; 11% began rehabilitation just after the diagnostic, 54% after a year and 27% more than a year. 32% had unknown etiology, 18% genetic causes, 17% presumed multiple factors, 15% meningitis, 9% congenital rubella. CONCLUSION: the prevalence of unknown etiology shows the need for deepening the diagnosis, and as a routine, carry out genetics, images and laboratories studies, in order to know the etiologies of the hearing loss. Even though after implementing immunization campaigns, rubella was the most prevalent cause of the congenital hearing loss and meningitis was the most prevalent cause of acquired hearing loss. A precious time for the child development was lost because of the time gap between suspicions, diagnostic and rehabilitation.
Aleitamento materno em prematuros: atuação fonoaudiológica baseada nos pressupostos da educação para promoção da saúde Breastfeeding in premature babies: speech-language and audiology performance based on education for health promotion concepts
Maria da Conceição Carneiro Pessoa de Santana
Full Text Available O artigo relata experiência de atuação fonoaudiológica baseada nos pressupostos da educação em saúde direcionada à promoção do aleitamento exclusivo em prematuros internados em uma maternidade de referência em alto risco. No trabalho desenvolvido, estratégias multiprofissionais realizadas com grupos e de forma individualizada foram combinadas, criando espaços dialógicos com as puérperas e seus familiares e a prevalência de aleitamento materno exclusivo aumentou nos últimos três anos na enfermaria. Houve grande participação dos envolvidos nas atividades propostas, desde a admissão da puérpera na enfermaria ao processo da alta hospitalar. A estratégia adotada permitiu detectar as intervenções mais efetivas e as que deverão ser reformuladas com toda equipe. Do ponto de vista teórico e metodológico, a experiência também permitiu observar os limites e potencialidades de ações que aproximam a área do saber científico e a promoção do aleitamento materno efetiva em atividades transdisciplinares. Considerar a educação em saúde como disciplina de ação significa dizer que o trabalho é dirigido para atuar sobre o conhecimento das pessoas, para que elas desenvolvam juízo crítico e capacidade de intervenção sobre suas próprias vidas e sobre o ambiente com o qual interagem e, assim, criarem condições para se apropriarem de sua própria existência.This paper reports an experience of a speech-language and audiology (SLP team based on health promotion and education to contribute for the maintainance of exclusive breastfeeding in premature newborns in a high-risk maternity. In the process, a multiprofessional group and individual strategies were combined, producing dialogic settings along with puerperals and their families. Exclusive breastfeeding increased comparing with the last three years before these approach and greater participation of the team and relatives involved in these activities since the pregnant
VENTRY, IRA M.
TO IMPROVE UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN AUDIOLOGISTS AND EDUCATORS OF THE DEAF, THE AMERICAN SPEECH AND HEARING ASSOCIATION AND THE CONFERENCE OF EXECUTIVES OF AMERICAN SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF SPONSORED A TWO YEAR PROJECT. FIVE DIFFERENT QUESTIONNAIRES WERE SENT TO SPEECH AND HEARING CENTERS, SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF, TEACHERS OF THE DEAF, AND AUDIOLOGISTS. THE…
Penteado, Silvio Pires; Ramos, Sueli de Lima; Battistella, Linamara Rizzo; Marone, Silvio Antonio Monteiro; Bento, Ricardo Ferreira
Summary Introduction: Currently, the Brazilian government has certificated nearly 140 specialized centers in hearing aid fittings through the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). Remote fitting through the Internet can allow a broader and more efficient coverage with a higher likelihood of success for patients covered by the SUS, as they can receive fittings from their own homes instead of going to the few and distant specialized centers. Aim: To describe a case of remote fitting between 2 cities, with revision of the literature. Method: Computer gears, a universal interface, and hearing aids were used. Case study: An audiologist located in a specialized center introduced a new hearing aid and its fitting procedure to a remote center (200 km away). The specialized center helped the remote center in fitting a hearing aid in 2 patients, and performed fitting in one of its own patients. The whole process was done through the Internet with audio and video in real time. Results: Three patients were fitted remotely. Three audiologists were remotely trained on how to fit the hearing aids. Conclusions: Remote fitting of hearing aids is possible through the Internet, as well as further supplying technical training to a remote center about the fitting procedures. Such a technological approach can help the government advance public policies on hearing rehabilitation, as patients can be motivated about maintaining their use of hearing aids with the option to ask for help in the comfort of their own homes. PMID:25991960
Isabel C Uys
Full Text Available Tins article aims at a presentation of transformation in communication pathology.
Die doel van hierdie artikel is om transformasie in kommunikasiepatologie voor te hou. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Doğan, Murat; Anadolu Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Özel Eğitim Bölümü
Studies to determine the intelligence level of children with special needs are performed by Guidance and Research Centers, university research centers, schools, and the relevant clinics of hospitals for a variety of reasons. International occupational organizations describe that gaining an understanding of the intelligence characteristics of hearing-impaired children in different cultures and societies is of critical importance to ensure that specialists and researchers performing intelligenc...
Mourtou, Eleni; Meis, Markus
loss and their various effects on communication, (3) the different degrees of hearing loss as defined by different national and international organizations, (4) statistics on the preva- lence of hearing loss worldwide, (5) some technological aspects of hearing instruments, (6) sta- tistics on non...
Rihkanen, H; Jauhiainen, T; Linkola, H; Palva, T
Users of a single-channel intracochlear implant (CI, n = 10) (3M/House), a single-channel vibrotactile aid (V, n = 8) (Minivib 3/Special Instrument Ab) and acoustic hearing aids (HA, n = 9) were tested. The comparison was made after training and a minimum of 11 months' use of the devices. All subjects were considered profoundly deaf, but the HA group had some residual hearing. The HA group achieved the best mean test scores in all the tests given. The difference between the CI group and V group increased, in favour to the CI users, as the auditory task was changed from the level of simple signal analysis to the level of linguistic interpretation. PMID:2816334
Presbyacusis is the most common cause of hearing loss and is considered to be among the three most commonly reported chronic health problems of the elderly. In future years, the problem is predicted to be aggravated as the expected life span of the population increases. The psychological and social consequences of hearing impairment have been the subject of several texts. Numerous articles have been published expressing concerns involving the considerable number of hearing aids that are not b...
Vinaya Manchaiah; Berth Danermark; Jerker Rönnberg; Thomas Lunner
The main focus of this paper is to discuss the importance of “evaluating the process of change” (i.e., process evaluation) in people with disability by studying their lived experiences. Detailed discussion is made about “why and how to investigate the process of change in people with disability?” and some specific examples are provided from studies on patient journey of persons with hearing impairment (PHI) and their communication partners (CPs). In addition, methodological aspects in process...
Ha, Jennifer; Ong, Frederick; Wood, Bradley; Vijayasekaran, Shyan
Background: CHARGE syndrome is a common congenital anomaly. Hearing loss affects 60%-90% of these children. As temporal bone computed tomography (CT) has become more sophisticated, more abnormalities of the middle and inner ear have been found. We present the detailed CT findings for children with CHARGE syndrome and the correlation of the CT findings with audiograms. Methods: We performed a retrospective medical records review of 12 patients with CHARGE syndrome, identified between 1990-2011 at Princess Margaret Hospital for Children in Western Australia, who underwent temporal bone CT for evaluation of hearing loss. Results: We present our findings for the 24 ears in terms of the cochlear, semicircular canal, middle ear, facial nerve, external auditory canal, venous, and jugular anomalies. The internal auditory canal was normal in 83.3% (n=20) of ears. Three (12.5%) ears had enlarged basal turns, and 4 (16.7%) each had hypoplastic and incompletely partitioned apical turns. The majority (n=13, 56.5%) of the vestibules were dysplastic. Up to 70.8% had abnormalities of the semicircular canal. The middle ear cavity was normal in 55% (n=11) of ears; however, up to 80% of the ears had some abnormality of the ossicles, and up to 70% had an abnormality of the facial nerve (7th cranial nerve) segments, especially in the labyrinthine segment. CT findings did not correlate with the audiograms. Conclusion: The management of children with CHARGE syndrome is complex, requiring early evaluation and close attention of the multidisciplinary team. Early identification of hearing deficits is vital for patients' linguistic development. PMID:27303220
Isabel C Uys; Rene Hugo
Tins article aims at a presentation of transformation in communication pathology.
Die doel van hierdie artikel is om transformasie in kommunikasiepatologie voor te hou. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Edwards, Marge; Stredler-Brown, Arlene; Houston, K. Todd
Recent advances in videoconferencing technology have resulted in a substantial increase in the use of live videoconferencing--referred to here as telepractice--to diagnose and treat speech, language, and hearing disorders. There is growing support from professional organizations for use of this service delivery model, as videoconferencing…
Rivers, Kenyatta O.; Perkins, Rosalie A.; Carson, Cecyle P.
Background: Formal training in dealing with death and dying issues is not a standard content area in communication sciences and disorders programmes' curricula. At the same time, it cannot be presumed that pre-professional students' personal background equips them to deal with these issues. Aim: To investigate the perceptions of pre-professional…
Penteado, Silvio Pires; Ramos, Sueli de Lima; Battistella, Linamara Rizzo; Marone, Silvio Antonio Monteiro; Bento, Ricardo Ferreira
Summary Introduction: Currently, the Brazilian government has certificated nearly 140 specialized centers in hearing aid fittings through the Brazilian National Health System (SUS). Remote fitting through the Internet can allow a broader and more efficient coverage with a higher likelihood of success for patients covered by the SUS, as they can receive fittings from their own homes instead of going to the few and distant specialized centers. Aim: To describe a case of remote fitting between 2...
Anwar Muhammad N; Oakes Michael P
Abstract Background This paper describes the analysis of a database of over 180,000 patient records, collected from over 23,000 patients, by the hearing aid clinic at James Cook University Hospital in Middlesbrough, UK. These records consist of audiograms (graphs of the faintest sounds audible to the patient at six different pitches), categorical data (such as age, gender, diagnosis and hearing aid type) and brief free text notes made by the technicians. This data is mined to determine which ...
Patrícia Cotta Mancini; Letícia Caldas Teixeira; Luciana Macedo de Resende; Adriana Martins Gomes; Laélia Cristina Caseiro Vicente; Patrícia Marques de Oliveira
TEMA: Biossegurança na atuação audiológica. OBJETIVO: rever as medidas de precaução-padrão na literatura para o controle de infecção na audiologia. As medidas de biossegurança sugeridas para diversos profissionais de saúde foram adaptadas para as atividades inerentes à prática audiológica no Serviço de Audiologia do Hospital das Clínicas da UFMG. CONCLUSÃO: as medidas de precaução-padrão apresentadas podem ser consideradas e viabilizadas nas diversas instituições, hospitais ou clínicas, nas q...
Penteado, Silvio Pires
Full Text Available Introduction: Currently, the Brazilian government has certificated nearly 140 specialized centers in hearing aid fittings through the Brazilian National Health System (SUS. Remote fitting through the Internet can allow a broader and more efficient coverage with a higher likelihood of success for patients covered by the SUS, as they can receive fittings from their own homes instead of going to the few and distant specialized centers. Aim: To describe a case of remote fitting between 2 cities, with revision of the literature. Method: Computer gears, a universal interface, and hearing aids were used. Case study: An audiologist located in a specialized center introduced a new hearing aid and its fitting procedure to a remote center (200 km away. The specialized center helped the remote center in fitting a hearing aid in 2 patients, and performed fitting in one of its own patients. The whole process was done through the Internet with audio and video in real time. Results: Three patients were fitted remotely. Three audiologists were remotely trained on how to fit the hearing aids. Conclusions: Remote fitting of hearing aids is possible through the Internet, as well as further supplying technical training to a remote center about the fitting procedures. Such a technological approach can help the government advance public policies on hearing rehabilitation, as patients can be motivated about maintaining their use of hearing aids with the option to ask for help in the comfort of their own homes.
Full Text Available We studied 49 patients with partial epilepsy divided into lesional cases (i.e. with lesions on CT scan and non-lesional cases (i.e. without CT scan lesions, in relation to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale subtests (Coding, Digit span, dichotic listening CV task and Central Auditory Test (SSI, PSI. The aim of this paper was to study the hemispheric prevalence in dichotic listening task with regard to cognitive perforamance, as well as the presence or absence of central auditory dysfunction. Lesional cases presented a hemisphere prevalence in dichotic listening task with regard to cognitive performance, as well as the non-lesional cases tend to report the stimuli in the same side of EEC focus. Significant differences were found among the lesional and non lesional cases in relation to the digit span score and Coding subtest in right lesional cases versus right non-lesional cases. Both lesional and non-lesional group showed signs of central auditory dysfunction. We suggest that the dichotic listening and SSI and PSI test can be useful for a best comprehension of asymmetric neuropsychological performance in partial epilepsy.
Patrícia Cotta Mancini; Ana Lúcia Pimenta Starling; Letícia Macedo Penna; Camila Alexandra Vilaça Ramos; Michelle Imaculada Otaviani Ferreira; Maria Cecília Martinelli Iório
OBJETIVO: Investigar a existência de alterações na audição de crianças com fenilcetonúria diagnosticadas e tratadas precocemente e comparar os resultados com os encontrados nas avaliações auditivas de crianças normais de mesma idade. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas imitanciometria e audiometria tonal e vocal em 63 crianças, sendo 30 no grupo controle, com média de idade de 8,1 anos, e 33 com fenilcetonúria no grupo de estudo, com média de idade de 7,7 anos. O grupo de estudo foi subdividido em 15 c...
Mariana Sodário Cruz; Luiz Roberto de Oliveira; Luana Carandina
TEMA: os inquéritos de saúde constituem uma abordagem eficiente para estudos populacionais, sendo tal metodologia ainda pouco difundida entre os fonoaudiólogos brasileiros. Para a realização e análise de um estudo com base em inquéritos de saúde, o profissional deve transcender a visão clínica fonoaudiológica, partindo para uma abordagem social, demográfica, econômica e de saúde geral. OBJETIVO: realizar abordagem teórica acerca dos inquéritos de saúde, seus conceitos, histórico e resultados ...
Neldon, Gayle B.
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a strategy for the provision of high quality health care. The use of journals to document clinical experiences and reflection has been used in speech-language pathology as well as nursing and psychology. This study uses qualitative analysis to study what AuD students learn about evidence-based practice from writing…
Full Text Available In this editorial introduction we aim to explore the notion of contextually-relevant resources. We argue that it is the responsibility of Speech Language Therapists (SLTs and Audiologists (As working in South Africa to develop contextually relevant resources, and not to rely on the countries or cultures where the professions originated to do so. Language is often cited as the main barrier to contextually relevant resources: most SLTs and As are aware of the need for more resources in the indigenous local languages. However, the issue is not as straightforward as translating resources from English into other languages. The challenges related to culture, e.g. formal education, familiarity with the test situation, have to be considered; as well as the population on which norms were obtained; the nature of vocabulary or picture items. This paper introduces four original research papers that follow in this edition of the journal, and showcases them as examples of innovative development in our field. At the same time we call for the further development of assessment materials, intervention resources, and contributions to the evidence base in our context. We emphasise the importance of local knowledge to drive the development of these resources in innovative and perhaps unexpected ways, and suggest that all clinicians have an important role to play in this process.
... provides rehabilitation, physical therapy, occupational therapy, audiology, or speech pathology services...-language pathology or audiology services, if provided, must be provided by qualified physical...
... Detection and Intervention--Pediatric Audiology Links to Service (EHDI-PALS) Survey (OMB No. 0920-0955... by 3 months of age and intervention by 6 months of age. Many states cite the lack of audiology... audiology resource distribution within their state, particularly audiology facilities that are equipped...
Carlos Henrique F. Martins; Fabiana R. Yoshimoto; Priscila Z. Freitas
A síndrome de Waardenburg foi inicialmente descrita em 1951 por P.J. Waardenburg, como uma condição autossômica dominante que apresenta penetrância e expressividade variáveis de seus caracteres. Os sinais clínicos mais frequentes são: deslocamento lateral dos cantos internos dos olhos (telecanto), hiperplasia da porção medial dos supercílios (sinofris), base nasal proeminente e alargada, alterações na pigmentação da íris e da pele, surdez congênita, mecha branca frontal ou encanecimento preco...
Matschke, R G
The affects of noise on the human inner ear have been well known for a long time, and measures to prevent occupational noise-induced hearing loss show a clear reduction in the statistics of morbidity. Nevertheless, there are working environments in which the use of ear protection seems to be inapplicable, because communication by speech is indispensable, for example in the cockpit of aircraft. Noise exposure measurements were performed on pilots of helicopters and propeller-machines of the German Federal Navy during realistic flight situations. The ambient noise levels during regular flight service were maintained at levels between 89 dB and 120 dB. Sound protection by flight-helmets and headphones is not only neutralised while using radio and intercom, but the noise during radio-communication is even louder than the noise of the engines. The use of ear protection to avoid excessive noise exposure is only of limited effectiveness. While pilots with normal hearing show only little impairment of speech intelligibility, those with noise-induced hearing loss show substantial impairment that varies in proportion to their hearing loss. Communication abilities may be drastically reduced which may compromise the reliability of radio-communication. The problem may be possibly solved in future by an electronic compensation system for noise. PMID:3429278
Developments in universal newborn hearing screening programs and assistive hearing technology have had considerable effects on the speech, language, and educational success of children who are deaf or hard of hearing. Several recent research studies of children who are deaf or hard of hearing and who use spoken language as their primary method of…
Howe, Richard D.
This report is part of an annual national survey that examines salaries of full-time teaching faculty in 54 selected academic disciplines. Data for the study were collected from a total of 296 public and 390 private four-year institutions from the baseline year of 1996-97 to the trend year of 1999-2000. A data table lists average salaries for both…
Adrian Davis; Smith, Pauline A.; Michelle Booth; Margaret Martin
The public health challenge of hearing impairment is growing, as age is the major determinant of hearing loss. Almost one in four (22.6%) over 75-year olds reports moderate or severe worry because of hearing problems. There is a 40% comorbidity of tinnitus and balance disorders. Good outcomes depend on early presentation and appropriate referral. This paper describes how the NHS Improvement Programme in England used service improvement methodologies to identify referral pathways and tools whi...
Canadian Association of Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists, Ottawa (Ontario).
This report presents findings of a demographic study of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and audiologists (AUDs) in Canada and of students studying in these fields. Two surveys were developed which examined: the numbers, types, and distribution of SLPs and AUDs; their characteristics; the types of services they provide; and differences between…
Howe, Richard D.
This report is part of an annual national survey that examines salaries of full-time teaching faculty in 54 selected disciplines. Data for the study as a whole were collected from 305 public and 403 private institutions for the baseline year of 1997-1998 and the trend year of 1999-2000. This portion of the study covers salary data for Speech…
Karina Aki Otubo; Andréa Cintra Lopes; José Roberto Pereira Lauris
Tocar um instrumento musical requer a integração das habilidades perceptiva, motora, e cognitiva, desenvolvidas modularmente, de forma gradativa e hierarquicamente coordenada. Na realização de uma obra musical, a audição atua de forma marcante na sua complexa associação com o cérebro, capaz de produzir mudanças comportamentais e emocionais nos humanos. O presente estudo analisa o perfil audiológico de estudantes de graduação em Música, que foram submetidos à Avaliação Audiológica (Entrevista,...
AUDIOLOGY Dizziness and Balance Inform ation Seri es Our balance system helps us walk, run, and move ... known as nystagmus) • Complaints of vertigo or dizziness Audiology Information Series © ASHA 2015 10802 • Balance dysfunction • Difficulty ...
... on this topic can be found in our Audiology Information Series [PDF]. Hearing loss can be categorized ... speech-language pathologists; speech, language, and hearing scientists; audiology and speech-language pathology support personnel; and students. ...
... on this topic can be found in our Audiology Information Series [PDF]. How does a cochlear implant ... speech-language pathologists; speech, language, and hearing scientists; audiology and speech-language pathology support personnel; and students. ...
... this notice. Proposed Project Early Hearing Detection and Intervention- Pediatric Audiology Links to... diagnosis by 3 months of age and intervention by 6 months of age. Many states cite the lack of audiology...-Hearing Association (ASHA), American Academy of Audiology (AAA), Joint Committee on Infant Hearing...
Estudo das latências e amplitudes dos potenciais evocados auditivos de média latência em indivíduos audiologicamente normais Middle latency response study of auditory evoked potentials’ amplitudes and lantencies audiologically normal individuals
Ivone Ferreira Neves; Isabela Crivellaro Gonçalves; Renata Aparecida Leite; Fernanda Cristina Leite Magliaro; Carla Gentile Matas
Estudo de coorte contemporânea com corte transversal. O Potencial Evocado Auditivo de Média Latência (PEAML) é gerado entre 10 e 80ms e possui múltiplos geradores, com maior contribuição da região tálamo-cortical. O estabelecimento de critérios de normalidade para os valores de latência e amplitude é necessário para uso clínico. OBJETIVOS: Analisar a latência e amplitude do PEAML em indivíduos sem alterações audiológicas, e verificar a confiabilidade da amplitude Pa-Nb. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: For...
Regina H.G. Martins; Elaine C. Bueno; Marisa P. Fioravanti
INTRODUÇÃO: A Síndrome de Rubinstein-Taybi foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1963, após a observação dos traços físicos semelhantes apresentados por sete crianças com retardo mental, baixa estatura, polegares grandes e largos e anomalias faciais. Mais tarde, novas publicações definiram outras características dessa síndrome, a qual incide em 1 a cada 300.000 nascidos e apresenta etiologia incerta. Sintomas otorrinolaringológicos e fonoaudiológicos são freqüentes, daí a importância de melhor co...
Position paper of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pediatric Audiology – Current state of clinical and endoscopic diagnostics, evaluation, and therapy of swallowing disorders in children
Arens, Christoph; Herrmann, Ingo F.; Rohrbach, Saskia; Schwemmle, Cornelia; Nawka, Tadeus
Swallowing disorders are frequent. The main concern is mortality due to aspiration-induced pneumonia and malnutrition. In addition, quality of life is severely affected. The demographic trend indicates an increase of dysphagia in the future. Neurodegenerative diseases, tumors of the digestive tract, and sequelae of tumor treatment in the head and neck region are the main pathologic entities. Predominantly ENT physicians and phoniatricians are asked for diagnostics and therapy, and will coordi...
Position paper of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pediatric Audiology - Current state of clinical and endoscopic diagnostics, evaluation, and therapy of swallowing disorders in children
Arens, C.; Herrmann, IF; Rohrbach, S.; Schwemmle, C; Nawka, T
Swallowing disorders are frequent. The main concern is mortality due to aspiration-induced pneumonia and malnutrition. In addition, quality of life is severely affected. The demographic trend indicates an increase of dysphagia in the future. Neurodegenerative diseases, tumors of the digestive tract, and sequelae of tumor treatment in the head and neck region are the main pathologic entities.Predominantly ENT physicians and phoniatricians are asked for diagnostics and therapy, and will coordin...
Implante auditivo de tronco cerebral: técnica cirúrgica e resultados auditivos precoces em pacientes com neurofibromatose tipo 2 Auditory Brainstem Implant: surgical technique and early audiological results in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2
Ricardo Ferreira Bento; Rubens Vuono Brito Neto; Robinson Koji Tsuji; Marcos Queiroz Telas Gomes; Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez
O implante auditivo de tronco cerebral foi desenvolvido para restaurar alguma audição útil em pacientes que apresentam ausência de nervo coclear bilateralmente. OBJETIVOS: Discutir a indicação, cirurgia e resultados em quatro pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para colocação de implante auditivo de tronco cerebral. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Quatro pacientes com diagnóstico de schwannomas vestibulares bilaterais foram submetidos à cirurgia para colocação de Implante Auditivo de Tronco Cerebral durant...
Implante auditivo de tronco cerebral: técnica cirúrgica e resultados auditivos precoces em pacientes com neurofibromatose tipo 2 Auditory Brainstem Implant: surgical technique and early audiological results in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2
Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Full Text Available O implante auditivo de tronco cerebral foi desenvolvido para restaurar alguma audição útil em pacientes que apresentam ausência de nervo coclear bilateralmente. OBJETIVOS: Discutir a indicação, cirurgia e resultados em quatro pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para colocação de implante auditivo de tronco cerebral. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Quatro pacientes com diagnóstico de schwannomas vestibulares bilaterais foram submetidos à cirurgia para colocação de Implante Auditivo de Tronco Cerebral durante o mesmo ato cirúrgico utilizado para a exérese de um dos tumores. Aspectos clínicos e técnicos e as referências anatômicas da cirurgia e os resultados auditivos foram analisados. RESULTADOS: Em todos os casos foram identificados as referências anatômicas ao forame de Luschka. As complicações cirúrgicas se resumiram à fístula liquórica em dois pacientes. Os eletrodos foram bem posicionados e a sensação auditiva foi suficiente para reconhecimento de sons e auxílio à leitura labial. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados auditivos de nossos pacientes abrem uma perspectiva importante aos pacientes com surdez profunda bilateral sem integridade anatômica das vias auditivas centrais.Auditory Brainstem Implants were developed to partially restore the hearing capabilities of patients without cochlear nerves bilaterally. AIM: this paper aims to discuss the clinical and surgical findings of four ABI patients. MATERIALS AND METHOD: four patients diagnosed with bilateral schwannomas received auditory brainstem implants (ABI and had one of their tumors resected in the same surgical procedure. Clinical aspects, surgical technique, anatomic landmarks, and outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: the anatomic landmarks were identified in all four patients in relation to the foramina of Luschka. Two patients had CSF leaks. The electrodes were well positioned and hearing sensation was good enough to allow for sound recognition and assist patients perform lip reading. CONCLUSION: the outcomes observed in our patients were quite encouraging and offer great perspectives for those suffering from deep bilateral deafness and impaired central auditory pathways.
Cleiciane Martins Braga; Kelly Vasconcelos Chaves Martins; Moisés Andrade dos Santos de Queiroz; Marília Fontenele e Silva Câmara
OBJETIVO: investigar o perfil mercadológico do fonoaudiólogo atuante na área de audiologia clínica da cidade de Fortaleza, buscando identificar a formação em nível de pós-graduação, quantificar a faixa salarial, analisar o nível de satisfação do profissional e avaliar a jornada de trabalho e o vínculo empregatício desse profissional. MÉTODO: estudo transversal, realizado no período de fevereiro a abril de 2010, tendo-se aplicado um questionário acerca da atuação fonoaudiológica na área de Aud...
Erratum: Correction to Table 3, in: Equivalent threshold sound pressure levels (ETSPL) for Sennheiser HDA 280 supra-aural audiometric earphones in the frequency range 125 Hz to 8000 Hz (International Journal of Audiology (2009) 48 (271-276))
The main results in Poulsen & Oakley (2009) are given as the equivalent threshold sound pressure level, ETSPL, measured in an acoustic coupler specifi ed in IEC 60318-3. These results are all correct. The ETSPL values for the ear simulator specifi ed in IEC 60318-1 were calculated from acoustic l...
Position paper of the German Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery and the German Society of Phoniatrics and Pediatric Audiology – Current state of clinical and endoscopic diagnostics, evaluation, and therapy of swallowing disorders in children
Full Text Available Swallowing disorders are frequent. The main concern is mortality due to aspiration-induced pneumonia and malnutrition. In addition, quality of life is severely affected. The demographic trend indicates an increase of dysphagia in the future. Neurodegenerative diseases, tumors of the digestive tract, and sequelae of tumor treatment in the head and neck region are the main pathologic entities.Predominantly ENT physicians and phoniatricians are asked for diagnostics and therapy, and will coordinate the interdisciplinary treatment according to the endoscopic findings.A differentiated approach in history, diagnostics, and symptom-oriented treatment is necessary for these mostly complex disorders. Integration of non-medical staff such as speech therapists, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists in planning and executing an effective therapy expands and completes the patient-oriented care. Conservative treatment by these therapists is an important pillar in the treatment. Parts of the specific diagnostics can be taken over in close cooperation.In particular, an interdisciplinary cooperation with the staff of intensive care medicine is essential.The diagnostic procedures of specific endoscopy as described in this position paper are part of the primary and fundamental tasks of ENT specialists and phoniatrists.Endoscopy is a medical service that is basically not delegable. Consequently, substitution of the physician is excluded.
Gibbeum Kim,1 Wondo Na,1 Gungu Kim,1 Woojae Han,2 Jinsook Kim2 1Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Hallym University Graduate School, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea; 2Division of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Research Institute of Audiology and Speech Pathology, College of Natural Sciences, Hallym Universtiy, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea Purpose: The present study aimed to develop and standardize a screening tool for elderly people who wish to check for themselves their level of ...
Peter G. Jacobs, PhD; Gabrielle H. Saunders, PhD
Teleaudiology is the delivery of audiology services and information via telecommunications technologies. In recent years, techchnological advances have resulted in a dramatic increase in the possibilities offered by teleaudiology—from diagnostic audiology and remote hearing aid fittings to downloadable hearing aid applications and real-time rehabilitation interventions.
It is our pleasure to announce the first issue of Audiology Research. This new journal was designed to be a place where the readers will quickly and clearly find up-to-date and highquality information related to the audiology field in a broad sense, ranging from the medical/clinical perspective to the basic and experimental research...
Construção do conceito de promoção da saúde: comparação entre estudantes ingressantes e concluintes de Fonoaudiologia Construction of the health promotion concept: comparative study between freshmen and senior Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology students
Lidiane Gonçalves dos Santos; Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
OBJETIVO: Caracterizar e comparar o conhecimento de ingressantes (estudantes do 1º período) e concluintes (estudantes do 8º período) de um curso de Fonoaudiologia acerca do tema promoção da saúde. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo transversal realizado por meio da aplicação de 92 formulários em estudantes de Fonoaudiologia ingressantes e concluintes. A análise dos dados obtidos foi realizada em três etapas: análise descritiva das questões fechadas, análise estatística da associação entre as resposta...
... for the Public / Hearing and Balance Balance (or Vestibular) Rehabilitation Audiologic (hearing), balance, and medical diagnostic tests help indicate whether you are a candidate for vestibular (balance) rehabilitation. Vestibular rehabilitation is an individualized balance ...
Full Text Available ... that can be a real challenge. Listening to speech in a noisy environment is also significantly impaired ... in an audiologic sound booth and consists of speech testing, both to determine the thresholds, or point ...
... pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational...: (A) Spatial and environmental concepts and use of information received by the senses (such as sound...) Assisting in developing positive behavioral intervention strategies. (15) Speech-language pathology...
The paper provides an overview of audiological terms and types of hearing impairments to help teachers of visually impaired preschoolers work more effectively with audiologists. Both functional auditory assessment and formal audiometric evaluations are discussed. (Author/CL)
... impairments, loss of extremities or loss of function, deafness or hearing impairment, and other serious... and Development Officer; Director of Audiology and Speech Pathology; Director of National Veterans... prosthetics and the associated rehabilitation research, development, and evaluation of such technology....
...) Rehabilitation dentistry; (9) Physical therapy; (10) Occupational therapy; (11) Speech pathology and audiology... blind or have vision impairment; (17) Rehabilitation of individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing; (18... rehabilitation counseling; (2) Rehabilitation technology; (3) Rehabilitation medicine; (4) Rehabilitation...
Ellis, Rachel J.; Munro, Kevin J.
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether cognitive and/or audiological measures predict aided speech recognition, both with and without frequency compression (FC). DESIGN: Participants wore hearing aids, with and without FC for a total of 12 weeks (six weeks in each signal processing condition, ABA design). Performance on a sentence-in-noise recognition test was assessed at the end of each six-week period. Audiological (severity of high frequency hearing loss, presence of dead regions) a...
Kim, Kyoo Sang
In this article, current status of noise exposure in workplaces, trend of workers with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL), and prevalence of NIHL in workers by industry and job category in Korea were reviewed. In addition, trends of research on the audiological effects such as hearing loss from noise and occupational hearing loss from non-noise in Korea were addressed through reports in industrial audiology. Though noise exposure level has improved, noise still shows the highest rate of cases ...
Vinaya Manchaiah,1 Berth Danermark,2 Tayebeh Ahmadi,3 David Tomé,4 Fei Zhao,5 Qiang Li,6 Rajalakshmi Krishna,7 Per Germundsson8 1Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA; 2Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; 3Department of Audiology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 4Department of Audiology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Polytechnic Institute...
Manchaiah V; Danermark B; Ahmadi T; Tomé D; Zhao F; Li Q; Krishna R; Germundsson P
Vinaya Manchaiah,1 Berth Danermark,2 Tayebeh Ahmadi,3 David Tomé,4 Fei Zhao,5 Qiang Li,6 Rajalakshmi Krishna,7 Per Germundsson8 1Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA; 2Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden; 3Department of Audiology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 4Department of Audiology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, V...
Hensen, E.F.; P. Merkus; S. T. Goverts; Smit, C. F.; Smits, C.; M. C. Van Loon; Roukema, B. Y.
Objective. To describe the audiological, anesthesiological, and surgical key points of cochlear implantation after bacterial meningitis in very young infants. Material and Methods. Between 2005 and 2010, 4 patients received 7 cochlear implants before the age of 9 months (range 4–8 months) because of profound hearing loss after pneumococcal meningitis. Results. Full electrode insertions were achieved in all operated ears. The audiological and linguistic outcome varied considerably, with catego...
Rona, R J; Reynolds, A; Allsop, M; Morris, R. W.; Morgan, M.; Mandalia, S
Referrals from preschool medical examinations were followed up for two years to assess attendance rate, waiting time for appointment, appropriateness of the referral, the diagnosis and management of the condition. Altogether 184 children were referrals for ophthalmology, 285 for audiology, and 195 for speech therapy. The median waiting time for an appointment was 46 days in ophthalmology, 175 days in audiology, and 83 days in speech therapy. The poorest attendance rate was identified in speec...
Objective audio quality assessment is an interdisciplinary research area that incorporates audiology and machine learning. Although much work has been made on the machine learning aspect, the audiology aspect also deserves investigation. This thesis proposes a non-intrusive audio quality assessment algorithm, which is based on an auditory model that simulates human auditory system. The auditory model is based on spectro-temporal modulation analysis of spectrogram, which has been proven to be ...
Erlandsson, Soly; Dauman, Nicholas
The foremost, dominant, and influential scientific discourse of how to define tinnitus states that tinnitus is the perception of sound(s) in the absence of an external sound source. This is the most common statement among researchers in audiology and related fields, stemming from basic neurosciences (Kaltenbach, 2011) to applied psychophysiology (Kropp et al., 2012), audiology (Caffier et al., 2006), and behavioural psychology (Westin et al., 2008). It is puzzling that scientific affiliation ...
A 34-year-old female with a history of a sudden mild left-sided hearing loss and high-pitched tinnitus along with fullness in the same ear was referred to the audiology clinic. Hearing fluctuation and variability in other symptoms were also reported. Although no complain of any vertigo or balance disorder was mentioned, light headedness was implied. Differential diagnosis of endolymphatic Fistula and retro cochlear lesion was demanded. Audiologic and radiologic findings of this patient are pr...
This paper is primarily concerned with handicap, which emphasises the psychosocial consequence of hearing loss, its development and a framework for its alleviation. The development of handicap is considered, taking as a starting point the World Health Organization Definitions of disablements and their application to audiology by Stephens and Hétu (1991). This is extended in the light of recent work on the role of significant others and of positive experiences arising from the hearing loss. This approach is then incorporated into an update of the Goldstein/Stephens (1981) management model of audiological rehabilitation which provides a framework applicable in any sociomedical situation. PMID:8738645
Hindhede, Anette Lykke
. The paper shows how recent changes in perception of the hearing impaired patient relate to the introduction of a new health care reform that turns audiological rehabilitation into a consumer issue. Ethnographic and interview data from hearing clinics provides evidence that the hearing technologies...... that are on offer stabilise in specific forms through processes of negotiation among a variety of social actors representing the interests of science, industry, government, and hearing-impaired people. The discussion critically considers the emergence of an ‘‘informed consumer’’ in audiological practices....
Anwar, Naveed; Oakes, Michael
The purpose of this research is to mine a large set of heterogeneous audiology data to create a decision support system (DSS) to choose between two hearing aid types (ITE and BTE aid). This research is based on the data analysis of audiology data using various statistical and data mining techniques. It uses the data of a large NHS (National Health Services, UK) facility. It uses 180,000 records (covering more than 23,000 different patients) from a hearing aid clinic. The developed system u...
Anwar, Naveed; Oakes, Michael
A decision support system (DSS) is used for analysing a situation and making decisions. The goal of this research is to mine a large set of heterogeneous audiology data and create a DSS to help audiology technicians to choose between an ITE or BTE hearing aid. Although, in many cases such a choice is clear cut, but at other times this system could be used as a second opinion to predict the hearing aid type. A number of data mining techniques, such as clustering of audiograms, association anal...
Tranebjærg, Lisbeth; Rendtorff, Nanna D; Topsakal, Vedat;
Clinical and audiological examination was done in 2 Belgian families with autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) linked to DFNA22. Nineteen subjects in family 1 had mild to moderate SNHL starting in the third decade. The hearing loss was characterized by a flat audiogram affecting all......Hz. For all hitherto known DFNA22 families the audiological and clinical characteristics were correlated with the molecular data. This study describes the phenotype of 2 Belgian families with SNHL linked to DFNA22, both with a pathogenic change in the deafness gene MYO6. The phenotypes of all hitherto...
Kiaer, Eva Kirkegaard; Møller, Troels Reinholdt; Wetke, Randi
A 30 month-old boy with delayed language development was referred to the Department of Audiology in Aarhus. At the time of referral he had had 19 cases of acute otitis media and had been tubulated four times. Furthermore, the boy had not developed according to age in several respects: his motor f...
Guerit, Francois Marie Louis Paul; Chalupper, Josef; Santurette, Sébastien;
responsible for the large variability of individual bimodal benefit. Therefore, knowledge about the location of the electrode array is an important prerequisite for optimum fitting. Theoretically, the electrode location can be determined from CT-scans. However, these are often not available in audiological...
Guérit, François; Chalupper, Josef; Santurette, Sébastien;
responsible for the large variability of individual bimodal benefit. Therefore, knowledge about the location of the electrode array is an important prerequisite for optimum fitting. Theoretically, the electrode location can be determined from CT-scans. However, these are often not available in audiological...
Rosenhall, Ulf; Nordin, Viviann; Sandstrom, Mikael; Ahlsen, Gunilla; Gillberg, Christopher
Children and adolescents (N=199) with autistic disorder were audiologically evaluated. Mild to moderate hearing loss was diagnosed in 7.9 percent, with deafness diagnosed in 3.5 percent of all cases, which represented a prevalence considerably above that in the general population and comparable to the prevalence found in populations with mental…
Turner, Susan; Lynas, Wendy; Pumfrey, Peter
Discusses the results of a survey in England of 89 local education agencies (LEAs) and 89 social service departments (SSDs), that investigated the audiological support to young children with hearing impairments. Results indicated interagency collaboration and that LEAs were more likely to provide separate services for children with hearing…
... an acute illness to avoid the recipient's transfer to a nursing facility. (d) “Home health agency... therapy, occupational therapy, or speech pathology and audiology services, provided by a home health... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Home health services. 440.70 Section 440.70...
Conclusion: Aminoglycosides in MDR-TB patients may cause irreversible hearing loss involving higher frequencies and can become a hearing handicap as speech frequencies are too implied in more or less of the patients, thus underlining the need for regular audiologic evaluation in patients of MDR-TB during the treatment. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(7.000: 1734-1740
Naude, A.; Wium, A. M.; du Plessis, S.
The Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology at the University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus) redesigned their curriculum at the beginning of 2010. The template that was developed shows the horizontal and vertical integration of outcomes. Although the outcomes of the entire process met the requirements of the Health Professions Council…
Presented are proceedings of a conference involving authorities in testing and evaluating the blind, deaf, and deaf-blind. In a paper titled "Psychological Implications of Assessing the Deaf", C. Goetzinger discusses references used in audiology, anatomy and physiology of the ear, degrees of hearing impairment, and implications of the various…
... tongue, mouth, and facial muscles. What does a speech-language pathologist do when working with individuals with OMD? The ... 186,000 members and affiliates who are audiologists; speech-language pathologists; speech, language, and hearing scientists; audiology and speech- ...
Richburg, Cynthia McCormick; Knickelbein, Becky A.
Purpose: The main goals of this study were to determine if school-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have access to the services of an audiologist and if those SLPs felt they obtained benefit from the audiologist's services. Additional goals included gathering information about SLPs' (a) understanding of basic audiological concepts typical…
... range, seek the advice of an ASHA-certified speech-language pathologist or audiologist 7 . What should I do if ... 186,000 members and affiliates who are audiologists; speech-language pathologists; speech, language, and hearing scientists; audiology and speech- ...
... medical source of examination scheduling, report content, and signature requirements. The medical sources... examinations that are not thorough. (b) Report content. The reported results of your medical history... ventilatory function tests, treadmill exercise tests, or audiological tests. The medical report must...
... medical source of examination scheduling, report content, and signature requirements. The medical sources... examinations that are not thorough. (b) Report content. The reported results of your medical history... ventilatory function tests, treadmill exercise tests, or audiological tests. The medical report must...
Hoekstra, Carlijn; Venekamp, Roderick; van Zanten, Bert
In this article, a number of common questions about the diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus are discussed, based on the first author’s PhD thesis. It is hoped that this will help general practitioners when deciding whether to refer a patient with tinnitus to an otorhinolaryngologist or an audiologic
... work, marriage and family therapy, chiropractic medicine, environmental health and engineering, and... Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, and Audiology: M.S. and D.P.T. (n) Diagnostic Radiology Technology... (Environmental): B.S. (Engineers must provide environmental engineering services to be eligible.)...
..., social work, marriage and family therapy, chiropractic medicine, environmental health and engineering, an...: Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology, and Audiology: M.S. and D.P.T. (q... Dietitian. (t) Engineering (Environmental): B.S. (Engineers must provide environmental engineering...