Sample records for apprenticeship system 1931-2002

  1. The Danish Apprenticeship System, 1931-2002

    Albæk, Karsten


    alleviating failures in the market for training. Estimation results indicate a highly significant and substantial impact of the cost variable on the inflow of apprenticies. Employment subsidies thus appear at face value to be effective in furthering training. Subsidies to employ apprentices have been an...... important part of the Danish educational system since 1970ies. The results of the paper might be relevant in the assessment of the relative merits and costs of similar schemes in other contries. To the extent that cross-border comparisons are relevant in the evaluation of the relative merits of educational...

  2. Lather-Interior Systems Mechanic: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 1709

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2009


    The graduate of the Lather-Interior Systems Mechanic apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) know the characteristics and understand the actions and interactions of Lathing and Interior Systems Mechanic materials; (2) interpret plans and specifications and layout and develop projects accordingly; (3) calculate…

  3. Power System Electrician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 4609

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2009


    The graduate of the Power System Electrician apprenticeship training is a journeyman who will be able to: (1) responsibly do all work tasks expected of a journeyman; (2) supervise, train and coach apprentices; (3) use and maintain hand and power tools to the standards of competency and safety required in the trade; (4) read and interpret drawing,…

  4. Operating Systems with Blended Extreme Apprenticeship: What Are Students’ Perceptions?

    Gabriella Dodero; Rosella Gennari


    Extreme apprenticeship, an emerging learning methodology, has been used in a blended fashion for teaching a technical subject: bash scripting for operating systems. Online learning was first supported with the Moodle platform, and then enhanced with playful videos. How did students perceive learning in such a manner? This paper reports on the design of the blended learning experience for operating systems, and then focusses on the evaluation of learners’ perceptions of it.

  5. Is the German apprenticeship system a panacea for the US labour market?

    Harhoff, Dietmar; Thomas J. Kane


    Advocates of apprenticeship programmes often argue as if it is simply a matter of historical accident that such investment by US firms has been hindered. This paper explores the structure of incentives underpinning the German system of apprenticeship training. First, we describe three characteristics of the German labour market that might lead firms to accept part of the cost of general training, even in the face of worker turnover. In the second part of the paper, we compare labour market ou...

  6. How Can the Expansion of the Apprenticeship System in India Create Conditions for Greater Equity and Social Justice?

    Smith, Erica; Kemmis, Ros Brennan; Comyn, Paul


    This paper reports on aspects of a recent project carried out for the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Bank, which was designed to feed into the process of updating and expanding India's apprenticeship system. The apprenticeship system in India is extremely small for the country's population, even taking into account…

  7. From the Provider-Led to an Employer-Led System: Implications of Apprenticeship Reform on the Private Training Market

    Chankseliani, Maia; Relly, Susan James


    Despite expending a great deal of public money, and after many government-led "reforms" to develop an apprenticeship system that rivals those found in other countries, the apprenticeship system in England still faces a number of challenges and failings, not least in the private training market. This paper explores the landscape of…

  8. Building an Apprenticeship and Training System for Maintenance Occupations in the American Transit Industry

    Glover, Robert W.; Clopton, Lewis; McCollum, Malcolm; Wang, Xinge


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the joint training and apprenticeship system emerging in maintenance occupations in the US transit industry, its challenges and strategies to overcome them. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reports on early results, including efforts to develop a consensus national framework for apprenticeship…

  9. Apprenticeship, Vocational Education and CETA

    Arpin, Harold T.


    Emphasizing Wisconsin's goal to make apprenticeship training available to all CETA (Comprehensive Employment and Training Act) eligible people, the legislative history of Wisconsin's apprenticeship training system and its relationships to the state's vocational, technical, and adult education system and to CETA are explained. (BM)

  10. Formation of Apprenticeships in the Swedish Education System: Different Stakeholder Perspectives

    Ingela Andersson


    Full Text Available The article explores the major features of the Swedish Government’s new initiative - a school based Upper Secondary Apprenticeship model. The analyses are guided by activity theory. The analysed texts are part of the parliamentary reformmaking process of the 2011 Upper Secondary School reform. The analyses unfold how the Government, the Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO, and the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise (SN construct Upper Secondary Apprenticeship as an activity in the 21st century. The conclusion highlights how three traditional aspects of Swedish initial vocational education and training (IVET collide in the formation of Upper Secondary Apprenticeship – a curriculum of labour market based apprenticeships, a curriculum of school based IVET, and ill-defined curriculums of school based apprenticeships. The emerging Upper Secondary Apprenticeship curriculum foreshadows multifaceted educational trajectories where the learning targets, and not the responsibility for the student’s learning are displaced from the school to the workplace setting.

  11. Education and Apprenticeship

    Lazaridis, Nikolaos


    The main purpose of education and apprenticeship in ancient Egypt was the training of scribes and of specialist craftsmen. The result of this profession-oriented educational system was restricted accessibility to schooling, most probably favoring male members of the Egyptian elite. Basic education offered in Egyptian local schools consisted of the teaching of language, mathematics, geography, and of other subjects appropriate for the preparation of potential scribes who were destined to work ...

  12. Successful apprenticeships

    Anaïs Schaeffer


    The 2008-2012 group of CERN apprentices has every right to be proud: as their stay at the Laboratory ends, all four have received diplomas. Well done!   Alexandre Savoy (left) and Liridon Agushi (right) at the 2012 UGI award ceremony, 1 November. This year, four young CERN apprentices — Floriane Stauffer, Alexandre Savoy, Laurent Deillon (physics lab technicians) and Liridon Agushi (electronics technician) —  received their diplomas, the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC). During their 2008-2012 apprenticeship under the supervision of Jean-Marc Bouché, who is responsible for the training of technical apprentices in the HR Department, they were trained by CERN professionals with qualifications in many different areas. Every year, the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG) awards its prizes for the best apprentices who graduate in mechatronics. This year, CERN got two of the prizes. Alexandre Savoy and Liridon Agushi are the hap...

  13. Bridging the Gap between Work and Education in Vocational Education and Training: A study of Norwegian Apprenticeship Training Offices and E-portfolio Systems

    Hæge Nore


    Full Text Available This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gap between work and education, they seem to maintain a system of two parallel learning arenas. However, the article summarizes the innovative effects of these transformations as supportive structures for expansive apprenticeship. The study is based on data from a national project on quality assessment, which is supported by documentary evidence from e-portfolios in three different trades: plumbing, industrial mechanics and sales.

  14. The Dominance of Apprenticeships in the German VET System and Its Implications for Europeanisation: A Comparative View in the Context of the EQF and the European LLL Strategy

    Deissinger, Thomas; Heine, Robin; Ott, Mariska


    Germany's apprenticeship system is and has always been considered to be the major sub-system of VET. In this context, the debate circling around the European and German Qualifications Framework (EQF and DQR) has become one of the central issues of VET research and policy. Tasks take on a concrete shape if (a) a serious approach is adopted towards…

  15. Two Countries--One System of Vocational Education? A Comparison of the Apprenticeship Reform in the Commercial Sector in Switzerland and Germany

    Pilz, Matthias


    In both Switzerland and Germany, necessary reforms in vocational education have been taking place for the past few years. By taking a closer look at the commerce sectors of both countries and their reforms, one can better compare their systems of apprenticeship. While the necessity for change in the commercial sector was similar in both countries,…

  16. Apprenticeship training in Denmark : the impacts of subsidies

    Westergård-Nielsen, Niels Chr.; Rasmussen, Anders Rue


    For years, Denmark has maintained and developed its apprenticeship system which is comparable to the German system. Today, about 40% of the youth cohorts get apprenticeship training. The paper describes the basic functioning of the labour market of apprentices. It is initially shown how the wage...... and unemployment rates of skilled workers who have served an apprenticeship differ from those of non-skilled workers. In recent years there have been periods with serious mismatches between the demand for and the supply of apprenticeships. Through the 80's subsidies were introduced to overcome this...

  17. Does Doing an Apprenticeship Pay Off? Evidence from Ghana

    Monk, Courtney; Sandefur, Justin; Teal, Francis


    In Ghana there is a highly developed apprenticeship system where young men and women undertake sector-specific private training, which yields skills used primarily in the informal sector. In this paper we use a 2006 urban based household survey with detailed questions on the background, training and earnings of workers in both wage and self-employment to ask whether apprenticeship pays off. We show that apprenticeship is by far the most important institution providing training and is undertak...

  18. Maintaining the Momentum. Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training Board, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    Alberta Learning, Edmonton. Apprenticeship and Industry Training.

    Alberta's apprenticeship system offers training in 50 designated trades and 4 designated occupations and includes 40,398 registered apprentices and 11,1984 employers. The main components of Alberta's apprenticeship and training system are as follows: (1) a network of local and provincial apprenticeship committees in the designated occupations; (2)…

  19. Promoting and Expanding Apprenticeship: A Strategic Plan for Preparing America's Work Force of Tomorrow (Phase I).

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Work-Based Learning.

    A strategic plan to strengthen and expand the nation's existing apprenticeship system contains three components: apprenticeship promotion and marketing, national registration and tracking system, and quality. Efforts to promote apprenticeship must involve a two-pronged strategy that seeks both to develop new programs and expose potential program…

  20. Bridging the Gap between Work and Education in Vocational Education and Training. A study of Norwegian Apprenticeship Training Offices and E-Portfolio Systems

    Hæge Nore; Leif Christian Lahn


    This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeship training offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gap between work and education, they seem to maintain a system of two parallel learning arenas. However, the article summarizes the innovative effects of these transformations as sup...

  1. Education or Training? A Comparative Perspective on Apprenticeships in England

    Mazenod, Anna


    This paper examines the expansive-restrictive continuum of apprenticeship learning in the context of different education and training systems. It compares the English state-funded apprenticeship programme for young people with the Finnish and the French programmes with a specific focus on access to learning through the programmes. These three…

  2. Transforming Ontario's Apprenticeship Training System: Supplying the Tradespersons Needed for Sustained Growth--A Proposal from Ontario's Colleges

    Colleges Ontario, 2009


    Ontario's colleges share the provincial government's belief that apprenticeship must play a greater role in addressing skills shortages and contributing to innovative, high-performance workplaces that enhance Ontario's competitiveness. Given the severity of the economic downturn, Ontario faces an immediate, serious challenge as apprenticeship…

  3. Apprenticeships in success

    Anaïs Schaeffer


    Another perfect record for CERN's Apprenticeship Programme: double diplomas for all this year's graduates!   Maxime Aebischer (4th from left) at the Prix de l’Union industrielle genevoise award ceremony. The prizes were presented by Pierre Lathuilière, UIG apprenticeship officer (far left), and Pierre-François Unger, Geneva state councillor (2nd from left). CERN's apprentices can be proud of themselves yet again. All five of the 2009-2013 students who left CERN in June went away with two diplomas in their pockets: the CFC (Certificat Fédéral de Capacité) and the Maturité professionnelle. We would like to congratulate Melinda Hiltbrand and Sydney Bussard, laboratory technician apprentices, and Maxime Aebischer, Marc-André Duverney and Tanguy Ruggiero, electronics apprentices. Maxime Aebischer, who obtained excellent results throughout his four-year apprenticeship at CERN, was also aw...

  4. Developing Apprenticeships. Briefing Note

    Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2014


    To reduce high unemployment among their young people, countries are looking to others for help. During the economic downturn, some countries have performed better and youth unemployment has remained relatively low, for example in Germany, the Netherlands and Austria. This has been attributed in part to their apprenticeships or "dual'"…

  5. Apprenticeship: a worthwhile option

    Laëtitia Pedroso


    What better way is there to get good training than by alternating classwork with practical work? This is what CERN offers with its long-standing apprenticeship training programme, which this year again saw two young participants win awards from the Union industrielle genevoise (UIG).   Graduation ceremony at ARENA. If you think you’ve seen this story before, that’s because you have: for several years now, CERN's apprentices have been awarded the UIG prize. The apprenticeship training programme is intended for young people aged between 15 and 21. It runs over four years and is available for two trades: electronics technicians and physics laboratory technicians (see box). This year, once again, the programme proved its mettle. Each year, prizes are awarded to the best apprentices in the canton of Geneva at a special ceremony at which the 1 700 apprentices get their CFC (Certificat fédéral de capacité) diplomas. Despite its formal nature&...

  6. From apprenticeship to higher vocational education in Denmark

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms


    education. The purpose of this article is to examine this problem for apprenticeship in a historical perspective by examining what has been done to solve it, and why the measures taken have not been very successful. The article builds on a combination of policy studies, an analysis of the linkages between....... Thirdly, it examines the historical development of higher vocational education as an educational sub-system, which includes an analysis of the academisation of the applied engineering programme. Lastly, it examines the transition rates from apprenticeship to higher education during the last decades. This......Upper secondary vocational education in Denmark is based on the apprenticeship model, which is recognised as a valuable route to employment for young people who are not aiming for higher education. However, the apprenticeship model has a major weakness: it does not provide eligibility for higher...

  7. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 1411.2

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2011


    The graduate of the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Mechanic apprenticeship training is a journeyman who will: (1) supervise, train and coach apprentices; (2) use and maintain hand and power tools to the standards of competency and safety required in the trade; (3) have a thorough knowledge of the principle components of refrigeration systems,…

  8. Apprenticeship at CERN

    Staff Association


    In 1961, based on the finding that the evolution of the labour market created a growing need for qualified staff, a first agreement between the Republic and Canton of Geneva and CERN was signed. One of the objectives of this agreement was the vocational training of young electronics and physics laboratory technicians. CERN, an important stakeholder in the local economy, highlighted with this agreement its willingness to participate in the local social and economic development. The first apprentice arrived at CERN in 1965. In 1971, the apprenticeship centre was created; it now hosts over twenty apprentices in total and welcomes about six new apprentices each year. These apprenticeships are for young people aged between 15 and 21 years, coming from one of the CERN Member States, and having completed their mandatory education, e.g. 11th grade in Switzerland or 3ème in France. The training is divided between working time at CERN and one or two days per week at school (CFPT in Geneva for electronics or ...

  9. Education in Production Processes: Apprenticeship as a Means of Transition from Education to Work.

    Boehm, Ullrich


    Many developing countries have tried, with varying results, to adopt the German Dual System of apprenticeship plus vocational training. Country-specific cultural, economic, and social factors affect success. Promoting apprenticeship and adapting the dual system to local structures such as micro-enterprises may present an alternative to vocational…

  10. Apprenticeship or reflection

    Dau, Susanne


    This case-study investigates the implementation of blended learning in two undergraduate bachelor educations. The main focus is how blended learning affects the knowledge development in these educations. It is stressed, that knowledge development among students as well as in the professions are...... pragmatic approach of mixed method. The empirical data are derived from survey, document analysis, observation studies and focus group interviews of students, lectures, and practitioners. Data are collected in the first half year of the students’ education at a university college in Denmark in the years...... influenced by the periods of vocational training in internship in practice. The professional practitioners role as instructors of students seems to some extend to limit the students access to valuable forms of knowledge if apprenticeship is dismissed. So, the question raised in this paper, is how this causes...

  11. Finding an apprenticeship: hidden curriculum and social consequences.

    Goastellec, Gaële; Ruiz, Guillaume


    In Switzerland, the majority of students are oriented toward professional training after compulsory schooling. At this stage, one of the biggest challenges for them is to find an apprenticeship position. Matching supply and demand is a complex process that not only excludes some students from having direct access to professional training but also forces them to make early choices regarding their future sector of employment. So, how does one find an apprenticeship? And what do the students' descriptions of their search for apprenticeships reveal about the institutional determinants of social inequalities at play in the system? Based on 29 interviews conducted in 2014 with 23 apprentices and 6 recruiters in the Canton of Vaud, this article interrogates how the dimensions of educational and social trajectories combine to affect access to apprenticeships and are accentuated by recruiters using a "hidden curriculum" during the recruitment process. A hidden curriculum consists of knowledge and skills not taught by the educational institution but which appear decisive in obtaining an apprenticeship. By analyzing the contrasting experiences of students in their search for an apprenticeship, we identify four types of trajectories that explain different types of school-to-apprenticeship transitions. We show how these determinants are reinforced by the "hidden curriculum" of recruitment based on the soft skills of feeling, autonomy, anticipation, and reflexivity that are assessed in the context of recruitment interactions. The discussion section debates how the criteria that appear to be used to identify the "right apprentice" tend to (re)produce inequalities between students. This not only depends on their academic results but also on their social and cultural skills, their ability to anticipate their choices and, more widely, their ability to be a subject in their recruitment search. "The Subject is neither the individual, nor the self, but the work through which an

  12. Finding an apprenticeship: The hidden curriculum and its social consequences

    Gaele eGoastellec


    Full Text Available In Switzerland, the majority of students are oriented towards professional training after compulsory schooling. At this stage, one of the biggest challenges for them is to find an apprenticeship position. Matching supply and demand is a complex process that not only excludes some students from having direct access to professional training but also forces them to make early choices regarding their future sector of employment. So, how does one find an apprenticeship? And what do the students’ descriptions of their search for apprenticeships reveal about the institutional determinants of social inequalities at play in the system?Based on 29 interviews conducted in 2014 with 23 apprentices and 6 recruiters in the Canton of Vaud, this article interrogates how the dimensions of educational and social trajectories combine to affect access to apprenticeships and are accentuated by recruiters using a hidden curriculum during the recruitment process. A hidden curriculum consists of knowledge and skills not taught by the educational institution but which appear decisive in obtaining an apprenticeship. By analysing the contrasting experiences of students in their search for an apprenticeship, we identify four types of trajectories that explain different types of school-to-apprenticeship transitions. We show how these determinants are reinforced by the hidden curriculum of recruitment based on the soft skills of feeling, autonomy, anticipation and reflexivity that are assessed in the context of recruitment interactions. The discussion section debates how the criteria that appear to be used to identify the right apprentice tend to (reproduce inequalities between students. This not only depends on their academic results but also on their social and cultural skills, their ability to anticipate their choices and, more widely, their ability to be a subject in their recruitment search. The Subject is neither the individual, nor the self, but the work through

  13. Should Your School Offer Apprenticeship Training?

    Lewis, Morgan V.; Stone, James R., III


    Apprenticeship is one of several approaches to work-based learning (WBL). Apprenticeships have all the features needed to prepare workers for occupations that require extended study to attain competence. Apprentices begin with relatively simple tasks and progress to those requiring more complex skills. Apprenticeship has had a long history in the…

  14. Motorcycle Mechanic: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 4912

    Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education, 2012


    The graduate of the Motorcycle Mechanic apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) repair and maintain motorcycles and ATVs which are powered with internal combustion engines; (2) comprehend work orders, technical bulletins and estimates, and relate the information to the job at hand; (3) interpret warranty policy…

  15. Baker: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 2412

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2012


    The graduate of the Baker apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) prepare and bake all types of high quality yeast raised products in commercial quantities; (2) produce and decorate various types of cakes, cookies and pastries commonly available in commercial bakeries; (3) use efficiently and safely all hand…

  16. The Returns to Apprenticeship Training

    McIntosh, Steven


    This paper uses recent data from the UK Labour Force Survey to estimate the wage gains that individuals make on average if they complete an apprenticeship programme. The results suggest gains of around 5-7% for men, but no benefit for women. Further analysis extends the results by considering the returns by age group, by qualification obtained, by…

  17. Apprenticeships for the 21st Century.

    Packert, Ginger


    Describes an apprenticeship program for high school juniors and seniors at the EHOVE Career Center in Milan, Ohio. Discusses the Federal Committee on Apprenticeships' suggested program components and the Office of Work-Based Learning's program development guidelines. School staff should consider area employment needs, define occupational targets,…

  18. Another award-winning year for CERN’s apprenticeship training programme

    Anne Gentil-Beccot


    CERN has a long tradition of training apprentices. The Organization’s apprenticeship programme, which is based on the Swiss apprenticeship system, dates back to 1965. Since then, over 200 apprentices have been trained at CERN. Each year, seven or eight apprentice electricians, library assistants and physics laboratory technicians qualify after three or four years of training, depending on the job.   UIG prize ceremony 2014: Angelina Bakker (third from right), apprentice physics laboratory technician at CERN, receives her "Certificat fédéral de capacité". On Tuesday, 25 November 2014, CERN was presented with a prize for being the best apprenticeship training scheme provider in 2014. This prize is awarded each year to eight apprenticeship providers active in the different “vocational categories” in the canton of Geneva. The prizes are awarded by the Geneva Department of Public Education, Culture and Sport (DIP)...

  19. An analysis of the practical part of the final apprenticeship examinations at a particular apprenticeship school

    Chvátal, Ivan


    Bachelor thesis named "An analysis of the practical part of the final apprenticeship examinations at a particular apprenticeship school" deals with the pros and cons of final exams according to the common final examinations in the context of current labor market demands. Author compares progress and results of the practical part of final examination in regular and alternate date in 2012 in the field of secondary education of apprenticeship certificate 23-68-H/001Automechan...

  20. Apprenticeship, education, and technology: Children as oldtimers and newcomers to the culture of learning through design

    Ching, Cynthia Carter

    rather in the extent to which students in the apprenticeship classroom are better able to use the context of design to help them represent science knowledge in a systemic manner. The results of this study have implications for broadening the accepted definitions of "apprenticeship" in the literature, curriculum design and implementation of design-based learning, and pedagogy and policy for the technology-infused classroom.

  1. The challenges facing young women in apprenticeships

    Fuller, A; Unwin, L


    Participation in government-supported apprenticeship programs in the UK is characterized by stereotypical gender imbalances . This chapter draws on secondary data analysis of official statistics on young people?s participation in vocational education and training (VET) and apprenticeship, and evidence from a study of the attitudes of 14- and 15-year-olds in England and Wales to the labor market . The discussion reveals the deep-rooted nature and continuing influence of gendered stereotypes in...

  2. Exploration and Practice of the Modern Apprenticeship System in the Teaching of Graphics and Images%现代学徒制在图形图像制作专业教学中的探索与实践



    随着计算机技术的迅速发展和普及,对于图形图像制作专业来说如何抓好专业课程的教学改革,培养符合社会发展需求的高技能人才成为我们关注的问题.作为一种人才培养模式的现代学徒制在图形图像制作专业的专业课程教学中具有独特优势,对于我们解决现阶段高职教育中的诸多问题具有一定的针对性.本文在现代学徒制培养模式的基础上提出了图形图像制作专业的专业课程教学改革的探讨,讨论如何在课程教学实践中做好课程重建等方面的具体工作,使传统的教学模式有所创新.%With the rapid development and popularization of computer technology, it is a problem for us to pay special attention to the teaching reform of the professional course in the production of graphic images. As a kind of talent training mode of the modern apprenticeship in the graphics and image production professional course teaching has unique advantages, for us to solve many problems in Higher Vocational education. Based on the modern apprenticeship system, this paper puts forward a discus-sion on the reform of professional course teaching in the production of graphic images, and discusses how to do the work of cur-riculum reconstruction in the curriculum teaching practice.

  3. Hats off to CERN's Master of Apprenticeships!


    Roland Gay of the HR Department (at right) recently received a special diploma from the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG). Presented by Carlo Lamprecht, Head of the Department of Economy, Employment and External Affairs of the State of Geneva, the diploma was awarded in recognition of the 199 CERN apprentices Roland has guided through the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC), an end-of-apprenticeship certificate awarded by the Cantonal authorities. Roland will be retiring in December 2004 after 37 years of service, 32 of which he spent in the role of apprenticeship supervisor.

  4. Drywall Finishing Apprenticeship. Course Outline (C-6).

    Lengert, Gerald

    This course outline was prepard to help apprentice drywall installers and teachers of drywall finishing courses to learn or teach the skills necessary for the apprenticeship course in British Columbia. The course outline consists of 11 tracks (units) that cover the following topics: estimating, job inspection, safety, applying bead, filling…

  5. Modern Apprenticeships in English Professional Football

    Monk, Des; Olsson, Cliff


    Purpose: This paper will examine the two year modern apprenticeship undertaken by trainees in the English professional football industry. Design/methodology/approach: Representatives of seven clubs were interviewed in the summer of 2005; all of them were responsible for youth development in their club. These interviews were the first of what will…

  6. Apprenticeship at the Academy of Music

    Nielsen, Klaus


    Inspired by studies of apprenticeship and theories of situated learning, this study argues that learning should be understood in relation to ongoing social practice. Using interview material and participant observation studying piano students' learning at the Academy of Music in Aarhus, it describes how transparency and access to the music culture…

  7. Musical Growth through a Singing Apprenticeship.

    Merrill, James D.


    Discusses the importance of developing second grade student listening, singing, and composing skills. Explores the second-grade singing apprenticeship where students can sing alone, as a group, or listen to other groups. Focuses on teaching singing skills and allowing students to experiment with music. (CMK)

  8. Level III Apprenticeship in Portugal--Notes on a Case Study

    Saboga, Ana Rute


    This article presents the results of research into how young trainees in the level III apprenticeship system formulate their educational and professional plans, what expectations they have of obtaining socially and professionally recognised qualifications, and in what way enterprises see such training as a strategy for providing human resources…

  9. Cost-Benefit Paradigm of Apprenticeship Training: Reviewing Some Existing Literature

    Asghar, Waheed; Shah, Iftkhar Hussain; Akhtar, Naeem


    The focus of this paper is "dual" apprenticeship training, which involves both on-the-job and institutional training. Apprentices receive training both within the companies to which they are apprenticed and within state-run, vocational institutes. The cost of training under this system is mainly borne by the employer, which has given…

  10. Fuel and Electrical Systems Mechanic. Apprenticeship Training Standards = Mecanicien de systemes d'alimentation en carburant et electriques. Normes de formation en apprentissage.

    Ontario Ministry of Skills Development, Toronto.

    These training standards for fuel and electrical systems mechanics are intended to be used by apprentice/trainees, instructors, and companies in Ontario, Canada, as a blueprint for training or as a prerequisite for prerequisite for accreditation/certification. The training standards identify skills required for this occupation and its related…

  11. Pre-Apprenticeships in Three Key Trades. Support Document

    Dumbrell, Tom; Smith, Erica


    This report looks at whether pre-apprenticeships increase the potential supply of tradespeople, with a special focus on electrotechnology, automotive and engineering students. It found that pre-apprenticeships have been used in Australia for many years and are widely regarded as a valuable strategy for increasing the supply and quality of…

  12. Apprenticeship as a Mode of Learning and Model of Education

    Billett, Stephen


    Purpose: Apprenticeships are now usually seen as a model of education focused on occupational preparation, albeit manifested in different ways across nation states. However, throughout human history, the majority of occupational preparation has been premised upon apprenticeship as a mode of learning. That is, a preparation arising mainly through…

  13. Entering Modeling Space. An Apprenticeship in Molecular Modeling

    Carl Trindle


    Full Text Available Twenty years ago computer modeling had made its first major impact on the chemist's patterns of thought. Now it is prominent in research and graduate education, and has made its presence felt throughout the undergraduate curriculum. I describe two consultations with chemists specializing in synthesis, by which I intend to illustrate (1 attitudes of novices to the craft; (2 experiences in apprenticeship which include flights of depression, disillusion, and elation; and (3 changes in their judgment of computer modeling as they make it part of their armory of concepts and images. The examples treat aspects of the chemical system not easily incorporated into structural formulas (chirality and even physical models (relative energetics, but which are offered in computer modeling systems with molecular mechanics or quantum mechanical energy estimators. On the way, we can arrive at a notion of the changing value of computer modeling, and its impact on the chemist's frame of mind.

  14. Transport Refrigeration Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 4112

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2012


    The graduate of the Transport Refrigeration Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able: (1) to diagnose repair, maintain and operate transport refrigeration equipment used to heat or cool the load as well as of diesel engines, APUs and other prime movers; (2) to use tools and equipment in order to carry out…

  15. Electrician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 0307.2

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2007


    The graduate of the Electrician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) have a thorough knowledge and understanding of electrical theory and its application to lighting, power and control equipment; (2) layout and install the various electrical circuits in residential, commercial, industrial and institutional…

  16. Heavy Equipment Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 1912

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2012


    The graduate of the Heavy Equipment Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) diagnose repair, and maintain by skills and knowledge gained through training and experience any of the working parts of diesel engines as well as the various components of mobile industrial equipment; (2) use, competently,…

  17. Outdoor Power Equipment Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 5111.1

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2011


    The graduate of the Outdoor Power Equipment Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) supervise, train and coach apprentices; (2) service, maintain, repair and rebuild outdoor power equipment and outdoor power equipment accessories; (3) communicate clearly with customers, staff, suppliers, as required;…

  18. Landscape Gardener: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 4711.1

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2011


    The graduate of the Landscape Gardener apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able: (1) apply the principles and processes of landscape design and construction; (2) construct and install landscape structures and other accessories of various materials; (3) estimate and handle orders of plant and related materials; (4) plan…

  19. Automotive Service Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 0912

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2012


    The graduate of the Automotive Service Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) repair, maintain and overhaul or modify a motor vehicle; (2) comprehend work orders, technical bulletins and estimates, and relate the information to the job at hand; (3) interpret warranty policy in terms of service…

  20. Natural Gas Compression Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 5311.1

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2011


    The graduate of the Natural Gas Compression Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to install, commission, maintain and repair equipment used to gather store and transmit natural gas. Advanced Education and Technology has prepared this course outline in partnership with the Natural Gas Compression…

  1. Dark Apprenticeships: The Novels of John Irving

    Fentem, Matthew A.


    What explains readers’ continued fascination with the novels of John Irving? How does Irving blend storytelling inspired by the likes of Charles Dickens and Thomas Hardy with the harsh realities of the 20th and 21st centuries? Is such a thing even possible, or only a fool’s errand? Dark Apprenticeships explores Irving’s evolution as a significant American author, his overall contribution, and key motifs in his writing – which range from examinations of the art of storytelling itself, to the s...

  2. The Historical Evolution and Background Analysis of China's Factory Apprenticeship%我国工厂师徒制的历史嬗变和背景分析



    师徒制是一种历史悠久的职业教育形式,我国工厂师徒制在我国特有的历史背景下,也不断发生着嬗变。我国工厂师徒制为国家培养了大批人才,尽管在一段时期因其成为一种劳动用工制度而出现一定的弊端,但是作为一种技艺传授方式,师徒制具有永久的生命力。在现代社会中,应充分发挥师徒制技艺传授的优越性,不断地促进技术的传承。%Apprenticeship is a centuries-old form of vocational education.China's factory apprenticeship has also undergone a continuous transmutation,in the unique historical background.China's factory apprenticeship has trained a large number of talents for our country.In a period of time apprenticeship was made to a system of labor and employment,which has its drawbacks.But as a form to teach skills,apprenticeship has its perpetual vitality.In modern society,we should make full use of the advantages of apprenticeship to promote the heritage of technology.

  3. Federalism and Corporatism: On the Approaches of Policy-Making and Governance in the Dual Apprenticeship System in Germany and Their Functioning Today

    Kuhlee, Dina


    Compared with England, where new implementations and programmes in the education system are often introduced at a striking pace, the German education system seems to be rather stable in its features and less dynamic in terms of reform and change. Hence, a phenomenon called "reform bottleneck" ("Reformstau") has often been…

  4. Apprenticeship effect on a neural network

    Utilization of a neural network for determining the value of the impact parameter in heavy ion reactions is a two stage process: a apprenticeship stage followed by a utilization stage. During the first stage one determines the network parameters by means of a trial game for which the inputs and outputs are known. To realize the trial game a numerical simulation code was used. In order to estimate the biases of this procedure we generated trial games by resorting to two different models: a transport dynamical model (QMD) coupled to a deexcitation code (GEMINI) and a event generator based on a statistical approach (EUGENE). The procedure was applied to determine the impact parameter in 40 Ca + 40 Ca reactions. The effect of the model dependence of the apprenticeship procedure is studied thoroughly. In the two cases the outputs provided by the network are smaller then 7 fm which can be expected in case of complete events. The network trained with QMD gives outputs for input parameters within a larger range of values which is due to the fact that EUGENE does not contain 'Deep Inelastic'

  5. Just and Reasonable Treatment: Racial Treatment in the Terms of Pauper Apprenticeship in Antebellum Maryland

    Howard Bodenhorn


    This paper investigates the economics of pauper apprenticeship in antebellum Maryland and several results emerge. Contrary to some earlier interpretations, the system did not arbitrarily indent poor children. Court officials negotiated contracts that reflected an apprentice's productivity; officials did not offer one-size-fits-all contracts to minimize the costs of indenting indigent children. Black and white children received comparable compensation during the term of the indenture, but blac...

  6. Investigating the Nursing Practitioners Perspectives about Undergraduate Nursing Internship and Apprenticeship Courses: Is Renewing Required?


    Nurses’ professional capacity plays an important role in the health system to achieve their mission. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives of nursing practitioners about undergraduate nursing internship and apprenticeship courses and possible ways of renewing the courses. This cross sectional survey was performed over 258 bachelors and practitioners of nursing graduates of Alborz University of medical sciences in the second half of 2012. Based on a multi-stage sampling schedule, qu...

  7. Real Apprenticeships: Creating a Revolution in English Skills. Research by The Boston Consulting Group for the Sutton Trust

    Nash, Ian; Jones, Sue


    This research by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) for Sutton Trust examined the English education system and its apprenticeship programs. BCG reported that the UK is failing nearly half its young people by providing inadequate vocational opportunities. BSG presents key findings that include: (1) more than four in ten people have only low level…

  8. Bridging the Gapbetween Work and Education in Vocational Education and Training. A study of Norwegian ApprenticeshipTraining Offices and E-portfolio Systems

    Nore, Hæge; Lahn, Leif C.


    This article explores the effect that the use of e-portfolios initiated and organized by apprenticeshiptraining offices has had on the learning processes and assessment practices of apprentices in Norwegian vocational education and training. Although these intermediate structures have the potential to bridge the gapbetween work and education, they seem to maintain a system of two parallel learning arenas. However, the article summarizes the innovative effects of these transformations as suppo...

  9. The Southampton Skills Development Zone apprenticeship: research report

    Fuller, Alison; Rizvi, Sadaf


    1. An apprenticeship scheme developed by SSDZ has been an innovative attempt by the four public sector employers represented on the SSDZ Board to work with partners to create new training and employment opportunities for local unemployed 18 to 25 year olds. A team from the LLAKES research centre undertook research into the scheme from August 2010 to December 2011. The research aims included: • To develop an evidence base about the apprenticeship scheme, with information on the numbers sta...

  10. Mobility across firms and occupations among graduates from apprenticeship

    Fitzenberger, Bernd; Licklederer, Stefanie; Zwiener, Hanna


    Distinguishing carefully between mobility across firms and across occupations, this study provides causal estimates of the wage effects of mobility among graduates from apprenticeship in Germany. Our instrumental variables approach exploits variation in regional labor market characteristics. Pure firm changes and occupation-and-job changes after graduation from apprenticeship result in average wage losses, whereas an occupation change within the training firm results in persistent wage gains....

  11. Finding an apprenticeship: hidden curriculum and social consequences

    Goastellec, Gaële; Ruiz, Guillaume


    In Switzerland, the majority of students are oriented toward professional training after compulsory schooling. At this stage, one of the biggest challenges for them is to find an apprenticeship position. Matching supply and demand is a complex process that not only excludes some students from having direct access to professional training but also forces them to make early choices regarding their future sector of employment. So, how does one find an apprenticeship? And what do the students’ de...

  12. Apprenticeships at CERN: a host of awards


    This year again, two CERN apprentices have received awards at the end of their training. CERN’s broad range of technical skills means that it can provide training in a wide variety of trades and professions. Denis Fernier receives congratulations from Pierre-François Unger, Counsel state of the canton of Geneva in charge of the department of economics and health. Denis Fernier and Coralie Husi (right) at the prize-giving ceremony of the Union Industrielle de Genève.Every year, CERN hosts six technical apprentices for a four-year period: three electronics technicians and three physics lab technicians. And every year, at the end of their apprenticeships, one or more of them receives an award for being among the best apprentices in Geneva. On 23 September, two young apprentices were honoured by the Union industrielle genevoise (UIG) on passing their exams: Coralie Husi, a physics lab apprentice...

  13. CERN's technical apprentices during their apprenticeships

    Adrian Billet


    CERN starting training apprentices in 1966 at the request of the Geneva authorities. The programme was consolidated with the opening of the training centre in 1971. In recent years CERN has taken on seven new technical apprentices each year (four in electronics, three in physics laboratory work), plus one or two administrative apprentices, such that there always are around 30 apprentices in total at CERN. The programme is highly regarded in Geneva by the authorities, industry, schools and young people, and contributes very positively to CERN's local image. Since the beginning 160 young people have now successfully completed their apprenticeships at CERN. Unlike some other employers, as a general rule CERN does not take on its ex-apprentices as staff; on completing their years at CERN the apprentices usually go on to higher education or are sought after by other employers.

  14. Intergenerational Implications of Immigration Policy on Apprenticeship Training and the Educational Distribution in Canada

    James Ted McDonald; Christopher Worswick


    Using the 2006 Canadian census, we analyze the incidence and returns to apprenticeship credentials for immigrant and native-born men in Canada. Both immigrant men who arrived in Canada as children and first-generation Canadian-born men are more likely to have completed an apprenticeship if their father's generation of immigrant men in Canada (from the same source country) have a high probability of apprenticeship completion. The return to an apprenticeship (relative to high school only educat...

  15. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Painting and Decorating and Drywall Finishing.

    Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    The booklet presents the ninth edition of the national apprenticeship and training standards developed by the painting and decorating and drywall industry in cooperation with the Department of Labor's Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training. Provisions of national apprenticeship and training standards for painting and decorating and drywall…

  16. National Apprenticeship Standards for Cement Masonry, Asphalt, and Composition Trade. Revised.

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training.

    These national standards are designed to guide local joint apprenticeship and training committees in establishing local apprenticeship programs to train individuals seeking to become skilled in the cement masonry, asphalt, and composition trade. Covered in the individual sections are the following topics: provisions of the apprenticeship standards…

  17. Drywall. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 2 Training. Student Training Modules.

    Moore, Doug

    These 18 Student Training Modules on drywall comprise one of nine sets of self-paced learning modules developed for Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 2 Training. (A companion instructor's guide is available separately as CE 031 573.) The modules are designed to impart trade knowledge and skills to the student. Each module contains some or all of the…

  18. Drywall. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 1 Training. Instructor's Guide.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This instructor's guide accompanies the self-paced student training modules on drywall, one of which is available separately as CE 032 887. Introductory materials include a description of the components of the pre-apprenticeship project, a discussion of the teacher's role in conducting the course, and scope and content of the four phases of…

  19. Drywall. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 2 Training. Instructor's Guide.

    Moore, Doug

    This instructor's guide accompanies the self-paced student training modules on drywall available separately as CE 031 574. Introductory materials include a description of the components of the pre-apprenticeship project, discussion of teacher's role in students' completion of the modules, and scope and contents of Phase 2 training. Each of the 18…

  20. National Pattern Standards of Apprenticeship and Training for Electricians.

    Associated Independent Electrical Contractors of America, Inc., Austin, TX.

    This manual was prepared to provide interested persons with information concerning the standards and administrative guidelines governing apprenticeship programs for electricians in the United States. These standards provide the basis for on-the-job training programs and classroom job related education leading to the graduation of qualified…

  1. Occupational Safety. Hygiene Safety. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 1 Training.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This self-paced student training module on hygiene safety is one of a number of modules developed for Pre-apprenticeship Phase 1 Training. Purpose of the module is to familiarize students with the different types of airborne contaminants--including noise--which may be health hazards and with the proper hygienic measures for dealing with them. The…

  2. National Apprenticeship and Training Standards for Vending Machine Mechanics.

    Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This booklet contains national standards for apprentices in vending machine mechanics. The main topic of the booklet, Provisions of Standards, includes the following: definitions of terms used in the booklet, apprenticeship qualifications, a statement on equal opportunity employment, explanation of probation, hours of work, credit for previous…

  3. Apprenticeship in the Instructor-Led Peer Conference

    Ching, Kory Lawson


    The instructor-led peer conference, a lesser-known approach to peer response involving both students and teachers, affords significant opportunities for collaborative learning and apprenticeship in the teaching of composition. This article uses sociocultural theories of learning to examine video-recorded episodes from two instructor-led peer…

  4. Welding. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 1 Training. Instructor's Guide.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This instructor's guide accompanies the self-paced student training modules on welding, three of which are available separately as CE 032 889-891. Introductory materials include a description of the components of the pre-apprenticeship project, a discussion of the teacher's role in conducting the course, and scope and contents of the four phases…

  5. From Apprenticeship to Higher Education: Navigating the Credential Landscape

    Dismore, Harriet


    The credential landscape of vocational and higher education in the UK has expanded in recent years, alongside a rise in the number of students undertaking qualifications and a steady increase in tuition fees. The transition from an apprenticeship to higher education is one example of the progression from vocational to higher education. However,…

  6. Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator Boom Truck Operator: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 34-305.2

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2005


    The graduate of the Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator Boom Truck Operator apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) responsibly do all work tasks expected of a journeyperson; (2) correctly use and care for tools and materials which are required to carry out the normal service and maintenance of the machines…

  7. Effect of Internet-Based Cognitive Apprenticeship Model (i-CAM) on Statistics Learning among Postgraduate Students

    Saadati, Farzaneh; Ahmad Tarmizi, Rohani


    Because students’ ability to use statistics, which is mathematical in nature, is one of the concerns of educators, embedding within an e-learning system the pedagogical characteristics of learning is ‘value added’ because it facilitates the conventional method of learning mathematics. Many researchers emphasize the effectiveness of cognitive apprenticeship in learning and problem solving in the workplace. In a cognitive apprenticeship learning model, skills are learned within a community of practitioners through observation of modelling and then practice plus coaching. This study utilized an internet-based Cognitive Apprenticeship Model (i-CAM) in three phases and evaluated its effectiveness for improving statistics problem-solving performance among postgraduate students. The results showed that, when compared to the conventional mathematics learning model, the i-CAM could significantly promote students’ problem-solving performance at the end of each phase. In addition, the combination of the differences in students' test scores were considered to be statistically significant after controlling for the pre-test scores. The findings conveyed in this paper confirmed the considerable value of i-CAM in the improvement of statistics learning for non-specialized postgraduate students. PMID:26132553

  8. ‘Give courage to the ladies’: expansive apprenticeship for women in rural Malawi

    Safford, Kimberly; Cooper, Deborah; Wolfenden, Freda; Chitsulo, Joyce


    Apprenticeship in developed and industrialised nations is increasingly understood as a theory of learning which connects workplace activity and formal study. The concept of ‘expansive apprenticeship’ defines frameworks for workforce development where participants acquire knowledge and skills which will help them in the future as well as in their current roles, whilst ‘restrictive’ apprenticeships limit opportunities for wider, lifelong learning. In developing nations apprenticeship is a tradi...

  9. Possibility of integrating pupils with sensory disabilities in apprenticeship

    Vrátníková, Petra


    Bachelor thesis with title: " Possibility of integration of pupils with sensory disabilities into apprenticeship" is focused on the issues with students with such disabilities. The pupil on whom I focused in my Bachelor work has a combination of disabilities. These are sensory disability (surdopedic) and mental disability. That is the reason why I also focus on pupils with moderate mental disability. Purpose of my work is to identify the possibility of integration of the pupils with sensory d...

  10. Supervisor and Student Co-Writing: An Apprenticeship Perspective

    Wegener, Charlotte; Tanggaard, Lene


    This is a story about the creation of a co-authored research article. The purpose is to emphasize co-writing as a significant pedagogic practice within doctoral supervision. Regarding apprenticeship as a pedagogical methodology as well as a theoretical framework makes co-writing more than an output-driven technique for increasing productivity. Becoming a researcher requires intense involvement in real research, and it is difficult to teach somebody how to do it. It entails practice. This prac...

  11. The study on reform trend of British modern apprenticeship-Trailblazers%英国现代学徒制改革趋势研究:基于开拓者项目的分析



    The British apprenticeship has a well development conditional. It has formed basic framework of modern apprenticeship. Such as organization, funding mechanisms and the number of apprenticeship training has also in-creasing, but still need to rethink and progress. In March 2014, at the government of UK national apprentice week, announced that the Great Britain will push the blazers apprenticeship reform project ( Trailblazers) model. Implementation of this project is solving the problem of the apprenticeship training quality problem. Meanwhile, make sure enterprises become the dominant force in apprenticeship and simplify the existing system of apprentice-ship. Trailblazers had chosen eight industries as a pilot. The eight industry led by enterprises to design the ability of the apprenticeship standards, cultivation path and the way of evaluation. These measures have some well effect for reform of apprenticeship. It also bring some good opinions.%英国学徒制当前发展态势很好,形成了现代学徒制的基本框架、组织机构、拨款机制,并且参加学徒制培训的人数在不断增加,但是依旧需要反思和进步。2014年3月英国政府的全国学徒周上,宣布英国要推行开拓者项目( Trailblazers)模式的学徒制改革。该项目的实施是为了解决学徒制的培养质量问题,保证企业成为学徒制的主导力量,并且简化已有的学徒制的体系,开拓者项目第一批选取了8个行业作为试点,这8个行业都由企业牵头设计学徒制的能力标准、培养路径、评价方式等。从英国当前开拓者项目的发展情况来看,如何调动企业积极性、让各个利益相关方都能在学徒制改革中发挥作用,英国的做法给了中国职业教育研究者一些启示。

  12. Consistency of Practical and Formal Epistemologies of Science Held by Participants of a Research Apprenticeship

    Burgin, Stephen R.; Sadler, Troy D.


    The purpose of this research was to examine the consistency between students' practical and formal understandings of scientific epistemologies (also known as nature of science (NOS) understandings) in the context of a research apprenticeship program. Six high school student participants of a residential summer research apprenticeship program…

  13. Biotechnology Apprenticeship for Secondary-Level Students: Teaching Advanced Cell Culture Techniques for Research.

    Lewis, Jennifer R.; Kotur, Mark S.; Butt, Omar; Kulcarni, Sumant; Riley, Alyssa A.; Ferrell, Nick; Sullivan, Kathryn D.; Ferrari, Mauro


    Discusses small-group apprenticeships (SGAs) as a method for introducing cell culture techniques to high school participants. Teaches cell culture practices and introduces advance imaging techniques to solve various biomedical engineering problems. Clarifies and illuminates the value of small-group laboratory apprenticeships. (Author/KHR)

  14. Reading Together: A Summer Family Reading Apprenticeship Program for Delayed and Novice Readers

    Knapp, Nancy Flanagan


    The Reading Apprenticeship is an intervention that has been shown in previous studies to increase struggling readers, tested reading achievement by 8 to 9 months during a 12 week, in-school program. This article reports on the first study of the Reading Apprenticeship method conducted in the summer using parents, rather than supervised volunteers,…

  15. Apprenticeship in Latin America: The INACAP Program in Chile. A Case Study. Occasional Paper #6.

    Corvalan-Vasquez, Oscar E.

    The development of apprenticeship programs in several Latin American countries was investigated with a focus on the results of an industrial apprenticeship program in Santiago, Chile. The program studied was the Instituto Nacional de Capacitacion Profesional (INACAP), the national vocational training institute of Chile. The purpose of the study…

  16. Apprenticeship, Vocational Training, and Early Labor Market Outcomes--Evidence from East and West Germany

    Riphahn, Regina T.; Zibrowius, Michael


    We study the returns to apprenticeship and vocational training for three early labor market outcomes all measured at age 25 for East and West German youths: non-employment (i.e. unemployment or out of the labor force), permanent fulltime employment, and wages. We find strong positive effects of apprenticeship and vocational training. There are no…

  17. The Role of Materiality in Apprenticeships: The Case of the Suame Magazine, Kumasi, Ghana

    Jaarsma, Thomas; Maat, Harro; Richards, Paul; Wals, Arjen


    Although the concept of the apprenticeship seems to be universal, its institutional form and status differ around the world. This article discusses informal apprenticeship training as it occurs among car mechanics in the informal industrial complex of the Suame Magazine, Kumasi, Ghana. Using on-site research and theories of social learning and…

  18. Traditional Apprenticeship in West Africa: Recent Evidence and Policy Options. Discussion Paper No. 34.

    Fluitman, Fred

    Apprenticeship is the main avenue to self-employment in micro-enterprises and thus a cornerstone of informal sector development in West Africa. Survey results for Ibadan, Lome, Dakar, Niamey, and other cities demonstrate that apprenticeship as practiced by informal sector artisans is often very similar from one country to the next. Dropout rates…

  19. Virtual reality a motivation tool for the apprenticeship process

    This paper reports the results of the computation applications development using virtual reality techniques, teaching purposes and scientific disclosure. The objective is to develop applications that can can facilitate the apprenticeship, using the computational resources that make easy to the students a ludic activity, in a way to improve their involvement with the approached themes, in order to facilitate the absorption their knowledge. The developed application results are presented, with the perspective of their utilization through presentations in laboratories of the two involved institutions

  20. Extended apprenticeship learning in doctoral training and supervision - moving beyond 'cookbook recipes'

    Tanggaard, Lene; Wegener, Charlotte

    An apprenticeship perspective on learning in academia sheds light on the potential for mutual learning and production, and also reveals the diverse range of learning resources beyond the formal novice-–expert relationship. Although apprenticeship is a well-known concept in educational research, in...... this case apprenticeship offers an innovative perspective on future practice and research in academia allowing more students access to high high-quality research training and giving supervisors a chance to combine their own research with their supervision obligations....

  1. Costs and Benefits of New Apprenticeships.

    Dockery, A. M.; Kelly, R.; Norris, K.; Stromback, T.


    Case studies of 60 employers assessed the impact of Australia's efforts to develop a more encompassing system of employment-based vocational education and training. Employers were positive about competency-based assessment and training flexibility. The net cost of employing trainees did not change but the cost of apprentices increased. (JOW)

  2. Apprenticeship, Vocational Training and Early Labor Market Outcomes - in East and West Germany

    Regina T. Riphahn; Zibrowius, Michael


    We study the returns to apprenticeship and vocational training for three early labor market outcomes all measured at age 25 for East and West German youths: non-employment (i.e., unemployment or out of the labor force), permanent fulltime employment, and wages. We find strong positive effects of apprenticeship and vocational training. There are no significant differences for different types of vocational training, minor differences between East and West Germany and males and females, and no s...

  3. Biotechnology Apprenticeship for Secondary-Level Students: Teaching Advanced Cell Culture Techniques for Research

    Lewis, Jennifer R.; Kotur, Mark S.; Butt, Omar; Kulcarni, Sumant; Riley, Alyssa A.; Ferrell, Nick; Sullivan, Kathryn D.; Ferrari, Mauro


    The purpose of this article is to discuss small-group apprenticeships (SGAs) as a method to instruct cell culture techniques to high school participants. The study aimed to teach cell culture practices and to introduce advanced imaging techniques to solve various biomedical engineering problems. Participants designed and completed experiments using both flow cytometry and laser scanning cytometry during the 1-month summer apprenticeship. In addition to effectively and efficiently teaching cel...

  4. An apprenticeship learning hyper-heuristic for vehicle routing in HyFlex

    Asta, Shahriar; Özcan, Ender


    Apprenticeship learning occurs via observations while an expert is in action. A hyper-heuristic is a search method or a learning mechanism that controls a set of low level heuristics or combines different heuristic components to generate heuristics for solving a given computationally hard problem. In this study, we investigate into a novel apprenticeship-learning-based approach which is used to automatically generate a hyper-heuristic for vehicle routing. This approach itself can be considere...

  5. Role of Apprenticeships in Combating Youth Unemployment in Europe and the United States

    Natalia Aivazova


    Many of the world's advanced economies continue to struggle with sluggish growth and high unemployment, especially among younger workers. One reason for high unemployment in countries such as Greece, Portugal, and Spain is a mismatch between the skills demanded by employers and those available among the population. This mismatch can be addressed in part through the implementation of apprenticeship programs. Boosting apprenticeships could give both European and US workers much-needed skills an...

  6. Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program (SHARP)


    The summer of 1997 will not only be noted by NASA for the mission to Mars by the Pathfinder but also for the 179 brilliant apprentices that participated in the SHARP Program. Apprentice participation increased 17% over last year's total of 153 participants. As indicated by the End-of-the-Program Evaluations, 96% of the programs' participants rated the summer experience from very good to excellent. The SHARP Management Team began the year by meeting in Cocoa Beach, Florida for the annual SHARP Planning Conference. Participants strengthened their Education Division Computer Aided Tracking System (EDCATS) skills, toured the world-renowned Kennedy Space Center, and took a journey into space during the Alien Encounter Exercise. The participants returned to their Centers with the same goals and objectives in mind. The 1997 SHARP Program goals were: (1) Utilize NASA's mission, unique facilities and specialized workforce to provide exposure, education, and enrichment experiences to expand participants' career horizons and inspire excellence in formal education and lifelong learning. (2) Develop and implement innovative education reform initiatives which support NASA's Education Strategic Plan and national education goals. (3) Utilize established statistical indicators to measure the effectiveness of SHARP's program goals. (4) Explore new recruiting methods which target the student population for which SHARP was specifically designed. (5) Increase the number of participants in the program. All of the SHARP Coordinators reported that the goals and objectives for the overall program as well as their individual program goals were achieved. Some of the goals and objectives for the Centers were: (1) To increase the students' awareness of science, mathematics, engineering, and computer technology; (2) To provide students with the opportunity to broaden their career objectives; and (3) To expose students to a variety of enrichment activities. Most of the Center goals and

  7. Apprenticeship in science research: whom does it serve?

    Davies, Paul


    This article advances the thinking of Thompson, Conaway and Dolan's "Undergraduate students' development of social, cultural, and human capital in a network research experience". Set against a background of change in the biosciences, and participation, it firstly explores ideas of what it means to be a scientist, then challenges the current view of the apprenticeship model of career trajectory, before going onto to consider the nature of participation in communities of practice and issues related to underrepresented minority groups in science. Central to this analysis is the place that the notion of habitus plays in thinking about shaping future scientists and the how this can both support, but also suppress, opportunities for individuals through a maintenance of the status quo.

  8. Describing the apprenticeship of chemists through the language of faculty scientists

    Skjold, Brandy Ann

    Attempts to bring authentic science into the K-16 classroom have led to the use of sociocultural theories of learning, particularly apprenticeship, to frame science education research. Science educators have brought apprenticeship to science classrooms and have brought students to research laboratories in order to gauge its benefits. The assumption is that these learning opportunities are representative of the actual apprenticeship of scientists. However, there have been no attempts in the literature to describe the apprenticeship of scientists using apprenticeship theory. Understanding what science apprenticeship looks like is a critical component of translating this experience into the classroom. This study sought to describe and analyze the apprenticeship of chemists through the talk of faculty scientists. It used Lave and Wenger’s (1991) theory of Legitimate Peripheral Participation as its framework, concentrating on describing the roles of the participants, the environment and the tasks in the apprenticeship, as per Barab, Squire and Dueber (2000). A total of nine chemistry faculty and teaching assistants were observed across 11 settings representing a range of learning experiences from introductory chemistry lectures to research laboratories. All settings were videotaped, focusing on the instructor. About 89 hours of video was taken, along with observer field notes. All videos were transcribed and transcriptions and field notes were analyzed qualitatively as a broad level discourse analysis. Findings suggest that learners are expected to know basic chemistry content and how to use basic research equipment before entering the research lab. These are taught extensively in classroom settings. However, students are also required to know how to use the literature base to inform their own research, though they were rarely exposed to this in the classrooms. In all settings, conflicts occurred when student under or over-estimated their role in the learning

  9. Pre-Apprenticeships in Three Key Trades. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report

    Dumbrell, Tom; Smith, Erica


    This report looks at whether pre-apprenticeships increase the potential supply of tradespeople, with a special focus on electrotechnology, automotive and engineering students. It found that pre-apprenticeships have been used in Australia for many years and are widely regarded as a valuable strategy for increasing the supply and quality of…

  10. Does Academic Apprenticeship Increase Networking Ties among Participants? A Case Study of an Energy Efficiency Training Program

    Hytönen, Kaisa; Palonen, Tuire; Lehtinen, Erno; Hakkarainen, Kai


    In order to address the requirements of future education in different fields of academic professional activity, a model called Academic Apprenticeship Education was initiated in Finland in 2009. The aim of this article is to analyse the development of expert networks in the context of a 1-year Academic Apprenticeship Education model in the field…

  11. Millwright Apprenticeship. Related Training Modules. 10.1-10.5 Combustion.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This packet, part of the instructional materials for the Oregon apprenticeship program for millwright training, contains five modules covering combustion. The modules provide information on the following topics: the combustion process, types of fuel, air and fuel gases, heat transfer, and combustion in wood. Each module consists of a goal,…

  12. Automated Apprenticeship Training (AAT). A Systematized Audio-Visual Approach to Self-Paced Job Training.

    Pieper, William J.; And Others

    Two Automated Apprenticeship Training (AAT) courses were developed for Air Force Security Police Law Enforcement and Security specialists. The AAT was a systematized audio-visual approach to self-paced job training employing an easily operated teaching device. AAT courses were job specific and based on a behavioral task analysis of the two…

  13. 78 FR 2443 - Comment Request for Information Collection for the Registered Apprenticeship-College Consortium...


    ... workers that possess in-demand skills and competencies. Registered Apprenticeship pairs paid on-the-job learning with related technical/theoretical classes in a career field. The earn- while-you-learn model..., Labor. BILLING CODE 4510-FR-P...

  14. The Hazardous Material Technician Apprenticeship Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    This document describes an apprenticeship training program for hazardous material technician. This entry-level category is achieved after approximately 216 hours of classroom and on-the-job training. Procedures for evaluating performance include in-class testing, use of on-the-job checks, and the assignment of an apprentice mentor for each trainee

  15. Cognitive Apprenticeship as a Vehicle for Enhancing the Understanding and Functionalization of Organic Chemistry Knowledge

    Putica, Katarina; Trivic, Dragica D.


    This paper presents a pedagogical experiment with parallel groups through which the effectiveness of the cognitive apprenticeship model of dealing with the teaching topic "Carboxylic acids and their derivatives" was compared with the traditional approach to the elaboration of this topic. This experiment featured the participation of 241…

  16. Field Heat Treatment Technician: Competency Profile. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 20908.1

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2008


    The graduate of the Field Heat Treatment Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able: (1) use heat treatment equipment to apply heat to materials in order to change a material's properties; (2) Use their knowledge of the properties of heat, industry codes and specifications to determine how heat treatment will…

  17. Integrating Literacy and Science in Biology: Teaching and Learning Impacts of Reading Apprenticeship Professional Development

    Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Litman, Cindy; Hanson, Thomas L.; Rosen, Rachel; Boscardin, Christy K.; Herman, Joan; Schneider, Steven A.


    This study examined the effects of professional development integrating academic literacy and biology instruction on science teachers' instructional practices and students' achievement in science and literacy. The intervention consisted of 10 days of professional development in Reading Apprenticeship, an instructional framework integrating…

  18. Stationary Engineers Apprenticeship. Related Training Modules. 9.1-9.6 Refrigeration.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This packet of six learning modules on refrigeration is one of 20 such packets developed for apprenticeship training for stationary engineers. Introductory materials are a complete listing of all available modules and a supplementary reference list. Each module contains some or all of these components: goal, performance indicators, statement of…

  19. 75 FR 78807 - Agency Information Collection (Other On-The-Job Training and Apprenticeship Training Agreement...


    ... ] OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch, New Executive Office Building, Room 10235... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Other On-The-Job Training and Apprenticeship Training Agreement and Standards and Employer's Application To Provide Job Training) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY:...

  20. 77 FR 2351 - Agency Information Collection (Monthly Certification of On-the-Job and Apprenticeship Training...


    ... information through or to VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Monthly Certification of On-the- Job and Apprenticeship Training... Training, VA Forms 22-6553d and 22-6553d-1. OMB Control Number: 2900-0178. Type of Review: Extension of...

  1. 加拿大学徒制的问题、对策选择及启示%Issues and Strategies of Apprenticeship in Canada



    通过对1991年至2007年加拿大的学徒制发展情况分析,指出加拿大学徒制面临完成率低、花费高、风险大、认同程度低等问题。加拿大联邦政府针对这些问题,采取了明确学徒制目的、降低企业成本、强化地方政府职能和发挥行业作用等措施并取得了一定的成效。这对我国职业教育的改革发展有所启示。%This article draws on the latest data from Statistics Canada's Registered Apprenticeship Information System (RAIS) to examine trends in apprenticeship training in Canada over the 1991 to 2007 period. The author thinks there are issues about low fulfillment rate, high cost ,big risks and lower level agrees. Canada Federation government takes measures such as giving a definite purpose, reducing the cost, stressing the functions of local governments. These measures make some progress. All these will extend our vision in reform and development of higher vocational education.

  2. Apprenticeship policy in England: increasing skills versus boosting young people’s job prospects.

    Steedman, Hilary


    Successive British governments have committed substantial public resources to apprentice training, but far too few young people benefit and not enough high value skills have been developed. That is the central conclusion of a new report published by the Centre for Economic Performance (CEP). The report’s author, Dr Hilary Steedman, who has nearly 30 years of research experience in this field, calls for a change in the country’s apprenticeship model.

  3. Financial aspects of apprenticeship training in Germany, Great Britain and Switzerland

    Ryan, Paul; Wagner, Karin; Teuber, Silvia; Backes-Gellner, Uschi


    Financial attributes are potentially important influences on the viability of apprenticeship as a mode of vocational education and training. Two financial aspects are considered: apprentices’ pay, which determines the division of training costs between the trainee and the employer; and corporate ownership, which may influence the incentive to employers to provide training, insofar as it promotes or deters short-termist practice concerning investment in employees’ skills. Evidence is ta...


    Ruhusen KUTLU


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence of smoking among the students of Meram Apprenticeship School and to analyze the affecting factors. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out among 192 students who educated at Meram Apprenticeship School during 2004-2005 academic years. Of 192 students whom participated in this study, 95.8 % ( n= 184 were male, and 4.2 % (n= 8 were female, minimum age was 15, maximum age was 20 (median value= 17 years. When the smoking status was evaluated, 50.5 % (n= 97 were ever-smokers, 7.3 % (n= 14 were ex-smokers, 42.2 % (n=81 were never smokers. The lowest age at starting smoking was 7 years, the highest age was 18 years and the median value was 13 years. When the reasons to start smoking were analysed, 41 students of 97 current smokers stated that they had started smoking because of affecting of social environment and friend groups (40.6 %, n=41, affectation and enthusiasm (27.7 %, n=28, stress and anxiety (21.8 % n=22. According to Fagerstrom criterion, 43 students (42.2 % were assessed very low addictive level, 23 students (n=22.5% were high addictive level. Our results showed that the prevalence of smoking among the students of Meram Apprenticeship School was an important matter. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2006; 5(6.000: 424-433

  5. "I Actually Contributed to Their Research": The Influence of an Abbreviated Summer Apprenticeship Program in Science and Engineering for Diverse High-School Learners

    Burgin, Stephen R.; McConnell, William J.; Flowers, Alonzo M., III


    This study describes an investigation of a research apprenticeship program that we developed for diverse high-school students often underrepresented in similar programs and in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) professions. Through the apprenticeship program, students spent 2 weeks in the summer engaged in biofuels-related research…

  6. The effect of a group guidance program to elementary 8th grade students’ views towards apprenticeship training

    Abdullah Ishiklar


    Full Text Available The primary purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a group guidance program to elementary 8th grade students’ views towards apprenticeship training. This study is a control group pre-test post-test experimental research. The research was conducted to students who were enrolled in an elementary school in Konya, Turkey. While research’s experimental group was constituted of 11 female and 14 male students (total: 25 students, control group was constituted of 11 female and 14 male students (total: 25 students. Vocational group guidance was conducted to experimental group for 9 weeks once a week. The views of experimental and control group students towards apprenticeship education were measured by Apprenticeship Education Evaluation Form-B (AEEF-B at pre-test post-test phases. In this research, applied vocational group guidance program includes views and behaviours which can be measured by Apprenticeship Education Evaluation Form-B. Group discussion and homework techniques were used to gain vocational views and behaviours in vocational group guidance. After analysis there have been found significant difference between experimental and control groups’ AEEF-B pre-test post-test average scores at 0.01 level. Findings showed that vocational group guidance method had a positive effect against negative ideas to apprenticeship education. In addition, vocational group guidance method has been found to be effective in changing 8th year elementary school students’ negative views towards apprenticeship education to positive views. This program is compatible as long as it is used in vocational guidance activities of 8th year elementary school students.

  7. The role of cognitive apprenticeship in learning science in a virtual world

    Ramdass, Darshanand


    This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, Science games and the development of possible selves. In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on the application of various components of the sociocultural perspective of learning in classroom environments and the potential for applying them in virtual worlds. I propose that research in science education should explore the processes underlying cognitive apprenticeship and determine how these processes can be used in virtual environments to help students learn science successfully.

  8. The cognitive apprenticeship theory for the teaching of mathematics in an online 3D virtual environment

    Bouta, Hara; Paraskeva, Fotini


    Research spanning two decades shows that there is a continuing development of 3D virtual worlds and investment in such environments for educational purposes. Research stresses the need for these environments to be well-designed and for suitable pedagogies to be implemented in the teaching practice in order for these worlds to be fully effective. To this end, we propose a pedagogical framework based on the cognitive apprenticeship for deriving principles and guidelines to inform the design, development and use of a 3D virtual environment. This study examines how the use of a 3D virtual world facilitates the teaching of mathematics in primary education by combining design principles and guidelines based on the Cognitive Apprenticeship Theory and the teaching methods that this theory introduces. We focus specifically on 5th and 6th grade students' engagement (behavioral, affective and cognitive) while learning fractional concepts over a period of two class sessions. Quantitative and qualitative analyses indicate considerable improvement in the engagement of the students who participated in the experiment. This paper presents the findings regarding students' cognitive engagement in the process of comprehending basic fractional concepts - notoriously hard for students to master. The findings are encouraging and suggestions are made for further research.

  9. Development and Application of a Situated Apprenticeship Approach to Professional Development of Astronomy Instructors

    Prather, Edward E.; Brissenden, Gina

    Professional development for astronomy instructors largely focuses on enhancing their understanding of the limitations of professor-centered lectures while also increasing awareness and better implementation of learning strategies that promote a learner-centered classroom environment. Given how difficult it is to get instructors to implement well-developed and innovative teaching ideas, even when these instructors are supplied with significant and compelling education research data, one must wonder what is missing from the most commonly used professional development experiences. This article proposes a learner- centered approach to professional development for college instructors, which we call situated apprenticeship. This novel approach purposely goes beyond simple awareness building and conventional modeling, challenging instructors to actively engage themselves in practicing teaching strategies in an environment of peer review in which participants offer suggestions and critiques of each other's implementation. Through this learner-centered teaching and evaluation experience, instructors' preexisting conceptual and pedagogical understandings of a particular instructional strategy are brought forth and examined in an effort to promote a real change of practice that positively impacts both their core pedagogical content knowledge and their skills in successfully implementing these teaching strategies. We believe that the adoption of our situated apprenticeship approach for professional development will increase the frequency and success of college instructors' implementation of research-validated instructional strategies for interactive learning.

  10. Apprenticeship and Progression in the Healthcare Sector: Can Labour Market Theory Illuminate Barriers and Opportunities in Contrasting Occupations?

    Turbin, Jill; Fuller, Alison; Wintrup, Julie


    There is growing research and policy interest in the extent to which government supported Apprenticeship in England provides a platform for educational and career progression in different occupational sectors. This paper makes a contribution to this debate by presenting research on the healthcare sector undertaken in a regional health authority in…

  11. No Four Walls Could Hold This School: Why Is Everybody Talking about Lycoming County's Youth Apprenticeship Program?

    Dykman, Ann


    In the Pennsylvania Youth Apprenticeship Program, students attend class three days per week and work in manufacturing-related industries the other two. The success of the program depends primarily on the quality of teachers and mentors and industry's willingness to cooperate. (JOW)

  12. New Approaches to Training: A Preliminary Review of Nigeria's National Open Apprenticeship Scheme (NOAS). Discussion Paper No. 30.

    Umo, Joe U.

    Nigeria's National Open Apprenticeship Scheme (NOAS) is aimed at giving vocational skills to unemployed youth and helping them to be self-employed or get gainful employment. NOAS is targeted at Nigerian men and women aged 15-25. Minimum educational requirements vary by trade; course duration ranges from 2 months to 3 years. The number of trainees…

  13. Understanding the Impact of an Apprenticeship-Based Scientific Research Program on High School Students' Understanding of Scientific Inquiry

    Aydeniz, Mehmet; Baksa, Kristen; Skinner, Jane


    The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of an apprenticeship program on high school students' understanding of the nature of scientific inquiry. Data related to seventeen students' understanding of science and scientific inquiry were collected through open-ended questionnaires. Findings suggest that although engagement in authentic…

  14. Belonging to a Workplace: First-Year Apprentices' Perspectives on Factors Determining Engagement and Continuation through Apprenticeship

    Chan, Selena


    The transition to work through apprenticeship is one taken by many young people. A sense of belonging to a workplace is posited to be an important precursor for initial and on-going engagement with practice communities. This article details a study of beginning apprentices in ten trades. The project sought to identify factors influencing…

  15. Is Vacation Apprenticeship of Undergraduate Life Science Students a Model for Human Capacity Development in the Life Sciences?

    Downs, Colleen Thelma


    A life sciences undergraduate apprenticeship initiative was run during the vacations at a South African university. In particular, the initiative aimed to increase the number of students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Annually 12-18 undergraduate biology students were apprenticed to various institutions during the January and July vacations from…

  16. Sourcing homegrown talent : partnering with educational institutions to develop unique academic and apprenticeship programs for the energy industry

    Anderson, D. [Southern Alberta Inst. of Technology, Calgary, AB (Canada)


    The Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) is a world leader in providing skilled workers to industry and has a graduate employment rate of 97 per cent. This paper reviews employment opportunities and factors contributing to skills shortages in the energy sector which include: new technologies; new processes; baby-boomers leaving the market in great numbers; new drilling records; changing regulations; the Canada/Alaska pipelines; and growth in developing countries. It was also noted that more than 8,000 full-time positions will be created in the oil sands region of Alberta, with 25,000-30,000 jobs available during construction. However, government sets academic capacity, and there is competition for government funds. There are also increasing workforce qualifications. Examples of academic capacity in SAIT were provided. A comparison of oil patch demand versus SAIT supply was provided. Continuing education in Alberta was outlined, with details of re-training and apprenticeship programs. Issues concerning career pathways and pre-employment training were discussed, with reference to partnerships with high schools and module-based distance learning systems. Issues concerning Aboriginal programs were also examined. In addition, SAIT is moving towards the standardization of an electronic learning model using WebCT. Issues concerning granting status were also addressed and relationships with industry were discussed. Details of the Wellsite Production Education Technology Centre were presented and various advisory committees were outlined. Details of the ExxonMobil Calgary Campus were presented. Curriculum licensing with the University of Trinidad and Tobago was reviewed and the SAIT campus in Kazakhstan was described. It was concluded that future demand for training will be unprecedented and that innovation and commitment to excellence will be key. An energy training summit will be held in early 2005, to examine issues surrounding the provision of skilled labour

  17. Hats off to CERN's Master of Apprenticeships ! Roland Gay of the HR Department (at right) recently received a special diploma from the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG).


    Presented by Carlo Lamprecht, Head of the Department of Economy, Employment and External Affairs of the State of Geneva, the diploma was awarded in recognition of the 199 CERN apprentices Roland has guided through the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC), an end-of-apprenticeship certificate awarded by the Cantonal authorities. Roland will be retiring in December 2004 after 37 years of service, 32 of which he spent in the role of apprenticeship supervisor.

  18. 高职教育“现代学徒制”人才培养模式的探索与实践研究%Exploration and practice of "modern apprenticeship" personnel training mode of higher vocational education

    郭涛; 吕海东; 孙丙虎


    高职教育中的现代学徒制是一种全新的人才培养模式,其涉及很多教学领域和教学内容,在利用这种人才培养模式进行人才培养的过程中,应该充分做好教学设计、资源保障以及教学制度建设等多方面内容。高职教育现代学徒制人才培养模式在我国高职教育系统中还是一项十分新颖的教学制度,在应用过程中仍存在不少问题,需要及时采取措施将其解决。%Modern apprenticeship of higher vocational education is a new training model, which involves a lot of teaching fields and teaching contents, using this personnel training model should fully prepare instructional design, resources security, teaching system construction and other aspects of teaching content. Modern apprenticeship of vocational education has still been a very new training mode in higher vocational education system, which still has many problems in the application process that needs us to take timely measures to resolve.

  19. Using cognitive apprenticeship framework and multiple-possibility problems to enhance epistemic cognition

    Shekoyan, Vazgen; Etkina, Eugenia


    Epistemic cognition can occur when a person is solving a problem that does not have one correct answer (a multiple-possibility problem). The solver is engaged in epistemic cognition if she/he examines different possibilities, assumptions, and evaluates the outcomes. Epistemic cognition is an important part of real life problem-solving. Physicists routinely engage in epistemic cognition when they solve problems. But in educational settings, we polish problems and make them single-possibility problems. Thus students rarely get a chance to engage in epistemic cognition while working on problem-solving tasks. We introduced multiple-possibility physics problems in recitation sections of an algebra-based introductory physics course at Rutgers University. We describe here how we have incorporated the cognitive apprenticeship framework in the course and evaluated its effectiveness as a method of enhancing students' epistemic cognition level.

  20. Participation in college laboratory research apprenticeships among students considering careers in medicine

    Dorothy A. Andriole


    Full Text Available Objective: We sought to determine the prevalence of college laboratory research apprenticeship (CLRA participation among students considering medical careers and to examine the relationship between CLRA participation and medical-school acceptance among students who applied to medical school. Methods: We used multivariate logistic regression to identify predictors of: 1 CLRA participation in a national cohort of 2001–2006 Pre-Medical College Admission Test (MCAT Questionnaire (PMQ respondents and 2 among those PMQ respondents who subsequently applied to medical school, medical-school acceptance by June 2013, reporting adjusted odds ratios (aOR and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI. Results: Of 213,497 PMQ respondents in the study sample (81.2% of all 262,813 PMQ respondents in 2001–2006, 72,797 (34.1% reported CLRA participation. Each of under-represented minorities in medicine (URM race/ethnicity (vs. white, aOR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01–1.06, Asian/Pacific Islander race/ethnicity (vs. white, aOR: 1.20; 95% CI: 1.17–1.22, and high school summer laboratory research apprenticeship (HSLRA participation (aOR: 3.95; 95% CI: 3.84–4.07 predicted a greater likelihood of CLRA participation. Of the 213,497 PMQ respondents in the study sample, 144,473 (67.7% had applied to medical school and 87,368 (60.5% of 144,473 medical-school applicants had been accepted to medical school. Each of female gender (vs. male, aOR: 1.19; 95% CI: 1.16–1.22, URM race/ethnicity (vs. white, aOR: 3.91; 95% CI: 3.75–4.08, HSLRA participation (aOR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03–1.19, CLRA participation (aOR: 1.12; 95% CI: 1.09–1.15, college summer academic enrichment program participation (aOR: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.21–1.31, and higher MCAT score (per point increase, aOR: 1.31; 95% CI: 1.30–1.31 predicted a greater likelihood of medical-school acceptance. Conclusions: About one-third of all PMQ respondents had participated in CLRAs prior to taking the MCAT, and such participation

  1. Determination Anxiety Level of the Youngsters Studying in Denizli Apprenticeship Training Center

    Ozgur Metin


    Full Text Available AIM/BACKGROUND: This study was carried out as a definitive work in order to determine the anxiety level and self-respect of the students studying in Denizli Apprenticeship Training Center. METHODS: The study population was composed of 1276 individuals registered at Denizli Apprenticeship Training Center. The size of the sample was established to be as 235 individuals considering the formula used in the conditions where the study population was determined but 231 individuals were contacted. Those recruited in the study were chosen with the stratified randomized sampling method. The data were obtained during February-March 2005 in the class via the questionnaire formed by the researcher, the State-Continuous Anxiety Inventory and Coopersmith Self-respect Scale. For the evaluation of the data mean, standard deviation, percentage and quantity estimations, Kruskal-Wallis test, t-test, Mann-Whitney Test and one way ANOVA tests were employed. RESULTS: The mean age of the youngsters recruited in the study was 17.06 1.45. 75.3% of the subjects were male, 33.8% had 4 or more siblings, 79.7% were graduated from middle school and 76.7% were living with their families. Another working individual was present in 87.9% of the subjects. 16.5% of the subjects pointed out that they their master did not provided them assistance for a job they held for the first time whereas 35.5% of the subjects stated that they experienced difficulties in case when they needed license of absence. 40.3% of the students enunciated that they were obliged to do work that strain their power, and 29.9% stated that they were not appreciated. The difference between the sex of the subjects, the education status of their fathers and the anxiety level of the youngsters was found to be significant (p0.05. CONCLUSION: The anxiety level of the females involved in the study and the youngsters whose fathers’ education level was middle school or higher was detected to be greater. [TAF Prev Med

  2. 现代学徒制的几种基本模式研究%Study on Several Basic Patterns of Modern Apprenticeship

    刘群; 元梅竹


    Modern Apprenticeship is a self-innovation and development of traditional appren-ticeship .With the basic pattern of modern apprenticeship in several typical countries and re-gions as the sample ,this essay discusses the current development and main features of mod-ern apprenticeship from aspects of vocational education theory ,legal guarantee and imple-mentation ,so as to provide reference for the development of modern apprenticeship in our country .%现代学徒制是传统学徒制的一种自我革新和发展。本文以世界典型国家和地区现代学徒制的基本模式为研究对象,从职业教育的理论、法律保障和实施等角度分析其发展现状和主要特征。通过研究,以期对我国现代学徒制提供启示和借鉴。

  3. Building Science Identity in Disadvantaged Teenage Girls using an Apprenticeship Model

    Pettit, E. C.; Conner, L.; Tzou, C.


    Expeditionary science differs from laboratory science in that expeditionary science teams conduct investigations in conditions that are often physically and socially, as well as intellectually, challenging. Team members live in close quarters for extended periods of time, team building and leadership affect the scientific process, and research tools are limited to what is available on site. Girls on Ice is an expeditionary science experience primarily for disadvantaged girls; it fully immerses girls in a mini scientific expedition to study alpine, glacierized environments. In addition to mentoring the girls through conducting their own scientific research, we encourage awareness and discussion of different sociocultural perspectives on the relation between the natural world, science, and society. The experience aligns closely with the apprenticeship model of learning, which can be effective in enhancing identification with science. Using a mixed-methods approach, we show that the Girls on Ice model helps girls (1) increase their interest and engagement in science and build a stronger science identity, (2) develop confidence, importantly they develop a combined physical and intellectual confidence; (3) engage in authentic scientific thinking, including critical thinking and problem solving; and (4) enhance leadership self-confidence. We discuss these results in a learning sciences framework, which posits that learning is inseparable from the social and physical contexts in which it takes place.

  4. Apprenticeship in Scholarly Publishing: A Student Perspective on Doctoral Supervisors’ Roles

    Jun Lei


    Full Text Available Although a large body of literature has suggested that doctoral supervisors play an important role in their students’ attempts at scholarly publishing, few studies have focused specifically on what roles they play. This study sought to address this gap by zooming in on the various roles a group of Chinese doctoral students found their supervisors playing in their scholarly publishing endeavors. Our analysis revealed four important roles played by the supervisors: ‘prey’ searchers, managers, manuscript correctors and masters. The results showed that the supervisors not only facilitated the doctoral students’ publishing output, but also fostered their apprenticeship in scholarly publishing and the academic community. However, the results also unveiled a general unavailability of sorely-needed detailed and specific guidance on students’ early publishing attempts and some supervisors’ limited ability to correct students’ English manuscripts. These findings underscore the important contributions doctoral supervisors can make to their students’ academic socialization. They also suggest a need for external editorial assistance with doctoral students’ English manuscripts and ample opportunities for their scaffolded initiation into the tacit conventions and practices of scholarly publishing.

  5. The Effect of Cognitive Apprenticeship-Based Professional Development on Teacher Self-Efficacy of Science Teaching, Motivation, Knowledge Calibration, and Perceptions of Inquiry-Based Teaching

    Peters-Burton, Erin E.; Merz, Sydney A.; Ramirez, Erin M.; Saroughi, Maryam


    This study investigated the effects of a 1-year professional development (PD) based on a cognitive apprenticeship model of research experiences on inservice teacher self-efficacy of science teaching, motivation, knowledge calibration, and perceptions of inquiry of 19 secondary earth science and biology teachers. The PD facilitator, who serves a dual role as a scientist and teacher educator, utilized a cognitive apprenticeship model to shape both scientific thinking and inquiry instruction with 19 inservice teachers. Results indicated that inservice teachers changed their perceptions of inquiry and maintained high self-efficacy throughout all phases of the study. However, teachers refrained from making long-term changes in their cognitive strategy instruction. Implications provide a fuller picture of teacher learning during a RET program, supported with inquiry instruction and the implications of cognitive apprenticeships in offering authentic science research experiences with minimal laboratory resources.

  6. A Comparison of Student Outcomes and Overall Retention between a 10-Week Accelerated and a 15-Week Traditional Curriculum in a Postsecondary Apprenticeship Training Program

    Adams, Gilbert L.


    This ex post facto comparison study of a postsecondary apprenticeship program at a naval ship construction company examined 8 years of academic performance and program completion data for two curricular formats: a 15-week traditional group (1,259 apprentices) and a 10-week accelerated group (736 apprentices). The two groups were investigated to…

  7. Using apprenticeship communication flow as an ergonomic design input for future OR systems.

    Ten Kate; Lange; Kleinrensink; van Veelen; Goossens


    Removing the gallbladder is a relatively simple laparoscopic operation. Tissue trauma, caused by laparoscopic cholecystectomy, is usually minimal. Misidentifying the cystic duct and artery and the common hepatic duct represents the most severe complication. However, the Critical View of Safety (CVS) technique reduces the risk of trauma, by accomplishing a safe 360 degrees identification of the cystic duct origin at the gallbladder neck [5]. This technique is employed and trained at the Erasmus Medical Centre (EMC), Rotterdam, The Netherlands. This study presents the potential value of a training device which residents can use during practice. This training device must cover both user friendliness and information supply. The current information supply was studied subjectively; the CVS protocol and the users' experience were studied both objectively and subjectively. The results of these studies show that the present information supply is not satisfactory, that there is a CVS protocol which can be easily used in a training device, and that most actions defining the cystic duct during operation revert on users' experience. Therefore, it is desirable to design a new training device according to the experience of the target group and the protocols, and taking into account an optimal human-product interaction. PMID:16754501

  8. Investigating the effects of cognitive apprenticeship-based instructional coaching on science teaching efficacy beliefs

    Cooper, Teo O. H.

    The overall purpose of this collected papers dissertation was to examine the utility of a cognitive apprenticeship-based instructional coaching (CAIC) model for improving the science teaching efficacy beliefs (STEB) of preservice and inservice elementary teachers. Many of these teachers perceive science as a difficult subject and feel inadequately prepared to teach it. However, teacher efficacy beliefs have been noted as the strongest indicator of teacher quality, the variable most highly correlated with student achievement outcomes. The literature is scarce on strong, evidence-based theoretical models for improving STEB. This dissertation is comprised of two studies. STUDY #1 was a sequential explanatory mixed-methods study investigating the impact of a reformed CAIC elementary science methods course on the STEB of 26 preservice teachers. Data were collected using the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (STEBI-B) and from six post-course interviews. A statistically significant increase in STEB was observed in the quantitative strand. The qualitative data suggested that the preservice teachers perceived all of the CAIC methods as influential, but the significance of each method depended on their unique needs and abilities. STUDY #2 was a participatory action research case study exploring the utility of a CAIC professional development program for improving the STEB of five Bahamian inservice teachers and their competency in implementing an inquiry-based curriculum. Data were collected from pre- and post-interviews and two focus group interviews. Overall, the inservice teachers perceived the intervention as highly effective. The scaffolding and coaching were the CAIC methods portrayed as most influential in developing their STEB, highlighting the importance of interpersonal relationship aspects in successful instructional coaching programs. The teachers also described the CAIC approach as integral in supporting their learning to implement the new inquiry

  9. Social origin and access to upper secondary education in Switzerland: a comparison of company-based apprenticeship and exclusively school-based programmes

    Hupka-Brunner, S; Sacchi, S.; Stalder, B.


    When making the transition from compulsory school to upper secondary education and training, young people in Switzerland have two main options: company-based apprenticeships or exclusively school-based programmes. Based on Bourdieu, we assume that schools and training firms each have their own particular selection procedures. We expect these different procedures to change the patterns of the influence of social origin on transition – even when controlling school achievement. We...

  10. Experiences of women estate workers during the apprenticeship period in St. Vincent, 1834-38: the transition from slavery to freedom.

    Boa, S


    In 1834, the British Government abolished slavery in the British Caribbean. In order to appease slave owners, the Government awarded them 20 million compensation money and initiated an apprenticeship period. The aim of the apprenticeship period was to provide a transition from slave to wage labour and tie the ex-slaves to their owners for a further six years. The apprenticeship period was marred by repressive acts by planters against their workers. Women were especially singled out for abuse and lost many of the rights they had gained during slavery. Apprenticeship was eventually abandoned in 1838. Stories of excessive cruelty convinced the colonial authorities that the working relationship between apprentices and managers within the sugar estates had not improved. This article examines the experiences of women apprentices in St Vincent to highlight the indignities that they faced. It also explores the actions that some women employed to improve their working conditions. Previous studies of the Caribbean have mainly focused on the slavery period or the twentieth century. There has so far been little attention paid to the lives of African-Caribbean women immediately after the abolition of slavery. This study helps to explain why so many women withdrew from estate work as soon as they were fully free and chose instead to concentrate on growing and marketing provision crops. During this transitionary period, it became clear to women that working conditions on the estates would not improve for them. The plantation managers' inability to adjust to free labour resulted in a significant withdrawal of female labourers after 1 August 1838. PMID:19678421

  11. Linking a Conceptual Framework on Systems Thinking with Experiential Knowledge

    Garavito-Bermúdez, Diana; Lundholm, Cecilia; Crona, Beatrice


    This paper addresses a systemic approach for the study of fishers' ecological knowledge in order to describe fishers' ways of knowing and dealing with complexity in ecosystems, and discusses how knowledge is generated through, e.g. apprenticeship, experiential knowledge, and testing of hypotheses. The description and analysis of fishers'…

  12. Expert Systems Without Computers, or Theory and Trust in Artificial Intelligence

    Doyle, Jon


    Knowledge engineers qualified to build expert systems are currently in short supply. The production of useful and trustworthy expert systems can be significantly increased by pursing the idea of articulate apprenticeship independent of computer implementations. Making theoretical progress in artificial intelligence should also help.

  13. Challenges for the dual system and occupational self-governance in Denmark

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Juul, Ida


    Vocational education and training in Denmark is based on the dual system and the apprenticeship model and in many ways constitutes a success story. Since the 1930s, the social partners have had a decisive influence on the VET system through the principle of occupational self-governance, and this ...

  14. Using M-learning as a Means to Promote Self-direction and Engagement in Apprenticeship Theoretical Lessons

    Alan O'Donnell


    Full Text Available An exploratory case study was carried out to investigate if the use of mobile phones as a tool for learning could address concerns over the current learning of the carpentry and joinery apprentices in the Dublin Institute of Technology. The concerns are regarding a lack of learner self-direction and engagement with the learning content. A high level of mobile phone usage was apparent among the apprentice cohort. It was decided to take advantage of the potential learning opportunity offered by mobile technologies to promote the learning and engagement of the apprentices. Towards this goal, a compatible resource was developed, hosting presentations, course content, videos and questions. This study explored the views of the learners in the carpentry and joinery trade apprenticeship and their attitudes towards developing an m-learning resource. The aim of the research was to explore if this m-learning resource encouraged self-direction and engagement. Further objectives of this study were to establish a start point for further research projects and resource development.

  15. Bringing Cinderella to the Ball: Constructing a Federal System of Technical and Further Education in Australia, 1971-1975

    Rushbrook, Peter


    Australian vocational education has a history dating from the late eighteenth century. As Australian colonies and, later, federated states evolved each constructed its own version of vocational education provision. Generally the systems, consisting of community-based or state-controlled colleges for the training of operatives, apprenticeships and…

  16. “Too busy to think, too tired to learn” - the attrition of the apprenticeship model of surgical training in the United Kingdom

    Andrea Kelly


    Full Text Available Abstract: This article examines the notion of apprenticeship as experienced by trainee surgeons within the modern NHS, and attempts to demonstrate some unintended consequences of managerial target setting upon the training process. It argues that this situation is made more critical by the lack of explicit standards and curriculum by which trainees may assess their progress, and also that the potential grafting of behaviourist competence-based training models onto older notions of apprenticeship will be inadequate to meet the need for an holistic account of the development of professional practice. Alternative theoretical perspectives are examined, in particular social accounts of shared and collaborative expertise such as Lave and Wenger’s “community of practice” and Vygotsky’s thinking on the “zone of proximal development” with its emphasis on a highly active pedagogic role for both mentor and peers. A parallel is also suggested with Leder’s work on therapeutic discourse, in the sense that both patient and trainee actively construct shared interpretative modes with the doctor-mentor. These accounts challenge the traditional model of medical education which assumes a linear hierarchy of learning, effectively ignoring the cyclic nature of surgical development, and the mutual learning needs of “new comers” and “old-timers”. In order to initiate the modelling of surgical development, it is suggested that: • a dynamic and non-linear view of progress is required; • the link between formal structured training and opportunistic learning “on the job” is crucial; • assessment strategies are needed that promote, rather than hinder, the learning that derives from reflective practice.

  17. From Lecturing to Apprenticeship

    Marchetti, Emanuela; Petersson, Eva


    Analysis of museum learning practice and related work has revealed that communication of historical processes resembles school teaching and it may hinder children's participation in museum learning activities. Starting from this issue, a new playful installation was designed actively involving a...

  18. CERN apprenticeship scheme honoured


    Prestigious awards for two apprentices who did their practical training at CERN. Sylvain Heinzen, apprentice physics lab technician at CERN, receiving his award from Pierre-François UNGER, State Councillor responsible for the Federal Department of the Economy and Health. The other award-winner, Cédric Gerber, is on the right of the photo.Among Geneva’s top apprentices who were honoured by the Fondation sociale de l’Union industrielle genevoise (UIG) on 28 October this year, were two CERN apprentices. Electronics technician Cédric Gerber and physics lab technician Sylvain Heinzen both did their four-year sandwich course at CERN, obtaining their professional qualification, the Certificat fédéral de capacité (CFC), in June. On top of that, Cédric Gerber, who had been a particularly outstanding apprentice, received two further distinctions at the CFC awards ceremony - the State Council prize for achieving one of the top-ten o...

  19. Weatherization Apprenticeship Program

    Watson, Eric J


    Weatherization improvement services will be provided to Native people by Native people. The proposed project will recruit, train and hire two full-time weatherization technicians who will improve the energy efficiency of homes of Alaska Natives/American Indians residing in the Indian areas, within the Cook Inlet Region of Alaska. The Region includes Anchorage as well as 8 small tribal villages: The Native Villages of Eklutna, Knik, Chickaloon, Seldovia, Ninilchik, Kenaitze, Salamatof, and Tyonek. This project will be a partnership between three entities, with Cook Inlet Tribal Council (CITC) as the lead agency: CITCA's Employment and Training Services Department, Cook Inlet Housing Authority and Alaska Works Partnership. Additionally, six of the eight tribal villages within the Cook Inlet Region of Alaska have agreed to work with the project in order to improve the energy efficiency of their tribally owned buildings and homes. The remaining three villages will be invited to participate in the establishment of an intertribal consortium through this project. Tribal homes and buildings within Anchorage fall under Cook Inlet Region, Inc. (CIRI) tribal authority.

  20. On talent training mode based on Modern Apprenticeship in maj or of hotel management in higher vocational colleges%基于现代学徒制的高职酒店管理专业人才培养模式探析

    夏远利; 刘胜勇; 李筱刚


    In order to solve the problem of high turnover rate of hotel management graduates,under the leadership of the government,higher vocational colleges have strengthened the cooperation with ho-tel enterprises.Leaning from the successful experience of carrying out" modern apprenticeship"in western countries,this paper puts forward corresponding reform measures according to the present situ-ation of talent training mode of hotel management maj or.Firstly,higher vocational colleges should co-operate actively with the government,the industry,and hotel enterprises to establish a perfect manage-ment system.Secondly,colleges and enterprises should make joint efforts to enroll new students,to construct teaching staff group,and to make teaching plan.Thirdly,colleges,hotels,and the industry should make j oint efforts to build training standards.Fourthly,“Three Certificate Integration"system should be carried out through combining school curriculum for modern apprenticeship,enterprises’j ob training system,and national vocational qualification system together.%为了解决酒店管理专业毕业生离职率过高的难题,在政府主导下,高职院校加强了与酒店企业的校企合作。通过借鉴西方国家实施“现代学徒制”的成功经验,针对酒店管理专业人才培养模式提出了相应的改革措施,如建议学校积极配合政府、行业、企业建立完善的管理制度;校企联合招生;校企共建师资队伍;校企联合制定教学方案;学校、企业、行业三方共建培养标准;将学校现代学徒制课程与与企业岗位培训体系、国家职业资格体系相融通,推进“三证融通”机制等。

  1. Research on the Enlightenment of the Cognitive Apprenticeship on Social work Practice Education%认知学徒制对社工实习教育的启示探究



    The development of social work practicum education has gone through from the period of traditional apprenticeship to the period of school education, the disconnection between theory and Practice were occurred. The cognitive apprenticeship can connect the traditional apprenticeship and school education so that it can help students to learn the knowledge as well as the skills to apply in the practical work. Basing on the framework of the cognitive apprenticeship, thinking about how to apply it in social work practicum education with the dimensions of content,method, sequencing and sociology, in order to bring up social worker with theory and skills.%社工实习教育的发展经历了“传统学徒式训练”阶段到“学校专业教育”阶段,存在理论与实践脱节的问题。认知学徒制教育模式将传统学徒制训练和学校专业教育有效连接起来,能够帮助学生把从学校所学知识与在实务工作中的运用联结起来。基于认知学徒制的基本框架,从内容、方法、顺序和社会性四个维度探究认知学徒制对社工实习教育的运用,有助于培养既有理论知识又有专业技能的社会工作者。

  2. Utilising Research ‘Praxis’ to Enhance Teaching Practice in the Domain of Apprenticeship Education: a Report on a Research Capacity Building Pilot Project Run in the School of Construction Skills, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland in 2008.

    Kenny, Aidan; Delaney, Niall; Ryan, Aidan


    The Dublin Institute of Technology is one of the largest multi-level higher education providers in Ireland, catering for over 22,000 students annually. Under the 1999 Qualifications (Education and Training) Act, DIT became an awarding body in its own right. Programme provision covers apprenticeships, short continuous professional development courses, taught undergraduate and postgraduate, research MPhil and PhDs. While the Institute’s traditional mission1 was focused on teaching and learning ...

  3. I. Fundamental Practicum: Temperature Measurements of Falling Droplets, July, 1989. II. Industrial Practicum: Interaction and Effect of Adsorbed Organics on Reference Clays and Reservoir Rock, April, 1988. III. Apprenticeship Practicum: Studies of Group XIII Metal Inclusion Complexes, March, 1987

    Wells, Mark Richard

    The temperature of 225 μm decane droplets falling through a hot, quiescent, oxygen -free environment were measured using laser-induced exciplex fluorescence thermometry. The temperature of the droplets was found to increase approximately 0.42^ circC/^circC increase in the environment temperature as the environment temperature was increased to 250^circ C. Less than 10% evaporation of the droplets was observed at the highest environment temperatures. This represents one of the first successful applications of a remote-sensing technique for the temperature determination of droplets in a dynamic system. Industrial practicum. The industrial practicum report, entitled "Interaction and Effect of Adsorbed Organics on Reference Clays and Reservoir Rock," is a discussion of the measurement of the effect adsorbed organic material, especially from crude petroleum, has on the surface area, cation exchange capacity, and zeta potential of reference clay material and reservoir rock. In addition, the energetics of adsorption of a petroleum extract onto several reference clays and reservoir rock were measured using both flow and batch microcalorimetry. These results are very important in evaluating and understanding the wettability of reservoir rock and its impact on the recovery of crude oil from a petroleum reservoir. Apprenticeship practicum. "Studies of Group XIII Metal Inclusion Complexes" investigates the structure and dynamics of liquid inclusion complexes having the general formula (R_4N) (Al_2 Me_6I) cdot (C_6H_6) _{rm x}. ^1H and ^{13}C spin-lattice relaxation times, nuclear Overhauser enhancements, and molecular correlation times were measured as well as diffusion coefficients of the various species in solution. The dynamics of transfer between "guest" and free solvent molecules were measured using a variety of techniques. The inherent structure of liquid inclusion complexes as an ordered medium for homogeneous catalysis was studied using hydrogenation catalyzed by

  4. The socio-political significance of changes to the vocational education system in Germany

    Kupfer , Antonia


    This paper explores the effects on social inequality in Germany of ongoing changes to the employment system and, thus, vocational education. Results based on an examination of the literature indicate that students from increasingly middleclass backgrounds with higher levels of general, rather than vocational, educational attainment are winning the competition for ever-fewer apprenticeships. Progress for women in education is accompanied by relative declines in men’s performance on high school...

  5. 美国注册学徒制的演进轨迹与最新举措%The Evolution Path and Latest Policies of Registered Apprenticeship in the U.S.A



    Modern apprenticeship has been acknowledged as the primary way of vocational training in developed countries. Since 1937, the operation of registered apprenticeship in the USA has shown the following tendency: the construction and manufacturing industries dominated while new industries underdeveloped; the overall operation declined though the effort of reform in 2008 seemed to be paying off to some extent and the developments among different stats are unequal. To meet the need of current and future economic and social development in the USA, the federal government launched a series of revitalization plans in 2014, including constructing the Registered Apprenticeship College Consortium which involves all the stakeholders as employers, industry associations, training institutions, community colleges, labor organizations, governments and etc., increasing government investment, expanding areas of implementation and rise space of apprenticeship vocational education.%现代学徒制是近年来发达国家职业教育的重要途径和主要手段。美国自1937年推行注册学徒制以来,呈现出建筑和制造行业占据主导而新兴行业发展不足、“08新政”成效初显但总体运行态势有所下滑、区域发展参差不齐的演进轨迹。为顺应美国当前和未来经济社会发展的需要,美国政府于2014年推出注册学徒制振兴计划,构建包含企业、行业协会、培训机构、社区大学、劳工组织和政府等单位与组织在内的“注册学徒计划-院校联盟”联盟,增加政府投入,扩大实施领域,拓宽上升通道。”

  6. El aprendizaje on-line: oportunidades y retos en instituciones politécnicas Apprenticeship Students Learning On-line: Opportunities and Challenges for Polytechnic Institutions

    Martha Burkle


    challenges and opportunities of delivering on-line and virtual content to apprentices in a Polytechnic institution. Due to the current financial recession, apprentices are going back to academia in order to update their skills, but these potential students are not willing to leave their workplace or their personal lives behind to study. In this context on-line delivery represents an opportunity to provide access to content without leaving the work environment. However, in order to be successful in providing on-line materials for apprentices, polytechnics around the world are facing two challenges: How to transform hands-on Learning skills to online Learning material, and how to provide a rich-engaging environment for this group of learners. But not only the learner expectations should be taken when designing on-line learning. Instructors play also a crucial role in this endeavor, as Web 2.0 technologies offer the instructor an entirely new role in teaching: that of a facilitator. In order to analyze apprenticeship students’ on-line learning, 57 on-line surveys were distributed among a group of students registered for on-line apprenticeship programs. The paper presents research findings and a comparison of these with a what the literature states regarding the new generation of learners and their use of technologies, and the behavior (learning preferences, learning styles, use of IT presented by the research sample. Innovative opportunities for learning at the workplace (such as recommendations and future areas of research are suggested.

  7. A Study on the Features of Rhyming in the Toast Speech for the Apprenticeship of Shui Scripts%水书启蒙拜师祝词押韵特点初探



    水书启蒙拜师祝词是水书启蒙拜师仪式活动中水书先生根据仪式进程的各个阶段所祝诵的祭祀词。拜师祝词作为一种韵文体的民间文学口头文本,它具有韵文体所具有的一些普遍特征,同时又有其独特的表现形式。拜师祝词的押韵,不仅具有一般民族民间文学韵文体的腰韵、首尾韵、脚韵等押韵特点,同时又具有句首韵、句中韵、流水韵等特点,且句中韵表现为叠韵、隔一字押韵、隔两字或多字押韵等。%As an oral text,the toast speech for the apprenticeship of Shui Scripts is that for offering throughout the apprenticeship ritual,characterized with rhyming in a variety similar to that in national and folk literature.

  8. Establishment of the Talent Training Mode for Pharmaceutical Specialty in Retail Pharmacies Based on the Modern Apprenticeship%基于现代学徒制的药学专业零售药店方向人才培养模式构建

    袁海建; 王卉; 周涛


    目的:构建基于现代学徒制的药学专业零售药店方向人才培养模式,提高高职高专药学专业教学质量.方法:依据人才培养方案所涉及的基本内容,从人才培养目标定位、招生招工方式、教学方案制订、课程体系开发、教学过程安排、学制和证书获取等方面进行探讨,分析药学专业零售药店方向实施现代学徒制的可行性.结果:药学专业人才应掌握必要的医药学理论、相关法律法规和药店经营与管理基本流程的相关知识;培养的对象可以是企业招聘的员工,也可以是注册入学的高中生或二次筛选的在校生;在培养中应突出药店内的实践技能培训,由校企双方协商制订教学方案,组成课程开发委员会,确定零售药店各岗位必需具备的知识和能力水平,形成课程;在教学实施中可采用双主体育人、双导师教学,以工学交替的形式开展;学生可实行弹性学制.结论:构建基于现代学徒制的药学专业零售药店方向人才培养模式,可以提高高职高专药学专业教学质量.但在构建课程体系时,应考虑到学生的可持续发展性,谨慎地根据零售药店方向人才需求的特点,设置有针对性的相关课程.%OBJECTIVE:To establish the talent training mode for pharmaceutical specialty in retail pharmacies based on mod-ern apprenticeship,and improve the teaching quality of pharmacy major in vocational colleges. METHODS:According to the basic content of talent training program,the contents including the talent training goal orientation,the recruitment mode,the teaching plan formulation,the curriculum system development,the teaching arrangement,the length of schooling and the certificate acquisi-tion were studied to analyze the feasibility of carrying out the modern apprenticeship of pharmaceutical specialty in retail pharma-cies. RESULTS:Pharmaceutical talents should master the necessary medicine theory,knowledge of relevant laws

  9. Preparing for Success through Apprenticeship

    Christman, Scott


    The fact that many companies outsource jobs and contracts for manufactured products can be attributed to the shortage of technically trained and skilled workers in America's workforce. Today, business and industry, educators, parents, and students are significantly interested in STEM education and technological literacy. With the majority of…

  10. Apprenticeships at CERN: Awards 2009


    On 23 September, two young apprentices were honoured by the Union industrielle genevoise (UIG) on passing their exams: Coralie Husi, a physics lab apprentice, and Denis Fernier, an electronics apprentice.

  11. Hotel Management Personnel Training Based on the "Modern Apprenticeship"mode in Higher Vocational College%基于"现代学徒制"的高职酒店管理专业人才培养



    It's urgent needs for higher occupation education in China to improve the quality of technical personnel. Modern apprenticeship mode can solve the bottleneck encountered in the talent training of hotel management major in higher vocational college. Through three years' interactive training, higher vocational colleges can realize the "zero distance" job-taking and improve the comprehensive quality of the students, which provide the possibility for students to take management positions in short time.%我国高等职业教育迫切需要提高技术技能人才质量,现代学徒制可以解决高职酒店管理专业人才培养遇到的瓶颈.通过校企三年交互式培养,实现学生"零距离"上岗以及综合素质的提高,为学生尽快走上管理岗位提供了可能.

  12. Estágio docente: formação profissional, preparação para o ensino ou docência em caráter precário? Teaching apprenticeship: professional formation, preparation for teaching, or temporary teaching?

    Nathália de Fátima Joaquim


    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi construído a partir de um estudo desenvolvido com o intuito de avaliar a viabilidade do estágio docente como alternativa à prática do ensino. O alvo da pesquisa foram os pós-graduandos matriculados no estágio docente durante o ano de 2010 em uma universidade federal situada no Estado de Minas Gerias. O trabalho foi desenvolvido com base no método de estudo de casos em um programa de pós-graduação em Administração e a coleta de dados foi feita por meio de um único questionamento sobre o sentido atribuído pelos pós-graduandos ao desenvolvimento do estágio. Para que fosse possível interpretar os dados coletados, utilizou-se da análise de conteúdo. Por meio da percepção dos pós-graduandos, ressaltaram-se as contribuições, o sentido e as motivações de se realizar o estágio docente. Dessa forma, foi possível identificar a necessidade de se adequar a disciplina em termos práticos para que haja um maior envolvimento de todos os sujeitos e para que os resultados produzidos coletivamente sejam melhores e mais efetivos. Por fim, constatou-se que o processo de formação de professores nos programas de pós-graduação stricto sensu demanda uma (reintegração entre teoria e prática, de modo que o envolvimento com o estágio docente pode ser uma forma interessante de se promover a prática do ensino por parte dos pós-graduandos. Além disso, para aqueles que estão mais envolvidos com a pesquisa e com a leitura técnica de textos acadêmicos, a maior motivação apontada foi a redução da distância experimentada entre teoria e prática.This work was built from a study developed with the intent of assessing the feasibility of teaching apprenticeship as an alternative to the practice of teaching. The targets of the study were graduate students enrolled in teaching apprenticeship during 2010 at a federal University in the state of Minas Gerais. The work was developed based on the method of case studies as

  13. Reasons for Non-Completion among Apprentices: The Case of Automotive Trades of the Informal Sector in Ghana

    Donkor, Francis


    Apprenticeship plays a key role in the preparation of skilled trades people and as a pathway into labour markets. In the face of scarcity of resources, effectiveness and efficiency of apprenticeship become important. Attrition and retention in apprenticeship constitute important indicators of efficiency and effectiveness of the training system and…

  14. Apprenticeship: From Learning Theory to Practice

    Poortman, Cindy Louise; Illeris, Knud; Nieuwenhuis, Loek


    To meet the requirements of an increasingly innovative and competitive environment, workers need to continuously develop and maintain competence. Consequently, initial vocational education and training should prepare (future) workers by providing a basis for lifelong learning in developing both routine and flexible competence. The question is…

  15. Situated learning - beyond apprenticeship and social constructionism

    Christensen, Gerd


    papers in this anthology. While Klaus Nielsen uses Lave & Wenger’s theory for his analysis, Ane Qvortrup and Tina Bering Keiding analyze its impact (p. XX & XX in this volume). And while Helle Plauborg uses Karen Barads approach for her analyses, Steen Bech analyses the theory of Vygotsky, which is also...

  16. SHARP {Summer High School Apprenticeship Research Program}

    Glasco, Deborah (Technical Monitor)


    The Year 2002 was another successful year for SHARP. Even after 22 years of SHARP, the Program continues to grow. There were 12 NASA Field Installations with a total of 210 apprentices who participated in the summer 2002 Program supported by 215 mentors in the fields of science and engineering. The apprentices were chosen from a pool of 1,379 applicants. This was a record year for applications exceeding the previous year by over 60%. For the second consecutive year, the number of female participants exceeded the number of males with 53% female and 47% male participants in the program. The main thrust of our recruiting efforts is still focused on underrepresented populations; especially African American, Hispanic, and Native American. At the conclusion of the summer program, most SHARP Apprentices indicated on the EDCATS that they would be interested in pursuing careers in Aerospace (56.2%) while the second largest career choice was a job at NASA (45.7%). The smallest number (11.9%) were interested in careers in the government. The table of responses is listed in the Appendix. Once again this year we were fortunate in that the SHARP COTR, Ms. Deborah Glasco, gained the support of MURED funding sources at NASA to fully fund additional apprentices and boost the number of apprentices to 210.

  17. systems

    Alexander Leonessa


    Full Text Available A nonlinear robust control-system design framework predicated on a hierarchical switching controller architecture parameterized over a set of moving nominal system equilibria is developed. Specifically, using equilibria-dependent Lyapunov functions, a hierarchical nonlinear robust control strategy is developed that robustly stabilizes a given nonlinear system over a prescribed range of system uncertainty by robustly stabilizing a collection of nonlinear controlled uncertain subsystems. The robust switching nonlinear controller architecture is designed based on a generalized (lower semicontinuous Lyapunov function obtained by minimizing a potential function over a given switching set induced by the parameterized nominal system equilibria. The proposed framework robustly stabilizes a compact positively invariant set of a given nonlinear uncertain dynamical system with structured parametric uncertainty. Finally, the efficacy of the proposed approach is demonstrated on a jet engine propulsion control problem with uncertain pressure-flow map data.

  18. An analysis of the practical part of the final apprenticeship examinations at a particular apprenticeship school

    Prknová, Monika


    The aim of the thesis entitled "Analysis of the practical part of final examinations in a particular secondary vocational school" is to analyze and evaluate the final field tests 41-53-H/008 Rider and groomer racehorses in 2009 and 2011. In this field of study are educated to perform skilled manual occupations in horse breeding, racing and equestrian sports. In the theoretical part the author deals with the broader circumstances that affect school success of students. There is also ...

  19. The Role of System Thinking Development and Experiential Learning on Enterprise Transformation

    Lopez, Gabriel

    The recent economic downturn has had global repercussions in all businesses alike. Competition is fierce and a survival of the fittest model is always present; fast delivery times and innovative designs ultimately translate into the enterprises' bottom line. In such market conditions, enterprises have to find ways to develop and train their workforce in a manner that enhances the innovative capabilities of the enterprise. Additionally, if companies are to stay competitive, they have to ensure critical skills in their workforce are transferred from generation to generation. This study builds on recent research on system-thinking development via experiential learning methodologies. First, a conceptual framework model was developed. This conceptual model captures a methodology to construct a system-thinking apprenticeship program suitable for system engineers. Secondly, a survey of system engineering professionals was conducted in order to assess and refine the proposed conceptual model. This dissertation captures the findings of the conceptual model and the implications of the study for enterprises and for system engineering organizations.

  20. School-enterprise cooperation based on "modern apprenticeship" model new developments%基于校企合作下的“现代学徒制”模式新发展



    当前,企业招工难仍然是我们国家企业面临的重大问题,而另一方面是职业院校的毕业生为找不到工作而苦恼。我们国家大部分学校都在采用班级授课制,所培养出来的往往都是纸上谈兵的“赵括”型人才,如何改变这种矛盾和困境?只有教学改革。%Currently, business recruitment difficulties companies’ face in our country is still a major problem, and the other is for the vocational school graduates can not find work and frustration. Most schools in our country are adopting class system, are often trained by the paper's "Kuo" talent, how such conflicts and dilemmas only teaching reform.

  1. Modularisation of Vocational Training in Germany, Austria and Switzerland: Parallels and Disparities in a Modernisation Process

    Pilz, Matthias


    This article considers the modularisation of initial vocational training (including apprenticeships) as a modernisation strategy in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Training systems are similarly structured in these three countries with the apprenticeship system at their heart, and the three national philosophies of education and training are…

  2. The Wayside Mechanic: An Analysis of Skill Acquisition in Ghana.

    McLaughlin, Stephen Douglas

    This study describes and analyzes the nature of skill acquisition process in one indigenous, informal training system--the apprenticeship of the wayside mechanics workshops in Koforidua, Ghana. Chapter 2 places apprenticeships training in the wider context of artisanship and training. It traces the history of the West African craft shop and its…

  3. Collective Skill Formation: A Historical Analysis of the Least-Likely Case New Zealand

    Trampusch, Christine


    This article is the first study investigating New Zealand's early legislation in apprenticeship from the perspective of historical institutionalism. It shows that, between 1865 and the 1940s, New Zealand's apprenticeship system was less liberal in character than it is today, because a collective skill formation regime, involving dual…

  4. High School Child Development Courses Provide a Valuable Apprenticeship

    McCombie, Sally M.


    The current media are laden with reports of the many significant problems facing today's youth. In fact, parenting has become a national topic of discussion. Parenting instruction, a responsibility that had previously rested in the home, has become part of educational curricula. Courses in child development are offered for high school students in…

  5. "Come, Follow Me": Apprenticeship in Jesus' Approach to Education

    Csinos, David M.


    Over the years, there has been a great deal of scholarly work focusing of the life, teaching, and ministry of Jesus. In this article, the author contributes to this body of literature by examining Jesus' ministry through the lens of legitimate peripheral participation, an approach to learning that surfaced during the last decade of the 20th…

  6. Mentoring trainee music teachers: beyond apprenticeship or reflection

    Cain, T


    This article explores the theoretical concepts of ‘apprenticeship’ and ‘reflection’ in Initial Teacher Education music mentoring. It presents two case studies of Secondary music mentoring and relates these to the theoretical concepts. The article argues that a more integrated view of music mentoring might be provided with reference to Kolb’s (1984) theory of experiential learning.

  7. Merging research orientation with professional apprenticeship training through PBL

    Willert, Søren


    the other has a stronger orientation towards students’ development of professional proficiency. The paper describes the merger process as being guided by the wish to get the best from two worlds. It is written with the further intent of serving as an informal progress report, based on the author...

  8. Apprenticeship Patterns Guidance for the Aspiring Software Craftsman

    Hoover, Dave


    Are you doing all you can to further your career as a software developer? With today's rapidly changing and ever-expanding technologies, being successful requires more than technical expertise. To grow professionally, you also need soft skills and effective learning techniques. Honing those skills is what this book is all about. Authors Dave Hoover and Adewale Oshineye have cataloged dozens of behavior patterns to help you perfect essential aspects of your craft. Compiled from years of research, many interviews, and feedback from O'Reilly's online forum, these patterns address difficult situ

  9. The Collaborative Apprenticeship Model: Situated Professional Development within School Settings

    Glazer, Evan M.; Hannafin, Michael J.


    Professional learning is a social enterprise where peers rely on the expertise and support of one another to adopt innovative practices. Reciprocal interactions in a community of practice, where teachers take responsibility for each other's learning and development, may provide an effective means of supporting situated professional learning. We…

  10. M-Learning and Technological Literacy: Analyzing Benefits for Apprenticeship

    Cortés, Carlos Manuel Pacheco; Cortés, Adriana Margarita Pacheco


    The following study consists on comparative literature review conducted by several researchers and instructional designers; for a wide comprehension of Mobile-Learning (abbreviated "M-Learning") as an educational platform to provide "anytime-anywhere" access to interactions and resources on-line, and "Technological…

  11. Learning Object-Orientation through ICT-mediated Apprenticeship

    Fjuk, A.; Berge, O.; Bennedsen, J.;


    In this paper, we show how sociocultural theories inform the design of a course in object-oriented programming. An essential learning objective within this philosophy is the programming processes as such. To move toward this learning goal, the course design incorporates a combination of the so-ca...

  12. Model Based Reasoning by Introductory Students When Analyzing Earth Systems and Societal Challenges

    Holder, L. N.; Herbert, B. E.


    Understanding how students use their conceptual models to reason about societal challenges involving societal issues such as natural hazard risk assessment, environmental policy and management, and energy resources can improve instructional activity design that directly impacts student motivation and literacy. To address this question, we created four laboratory exercises for an introductory physical geology course at Texas A&M University that engages students in authentic scientific practices by using real world problems and issues that affect societies based on the theory of situated cognition. Our case-study design allows us to investigate the various ways that students utilize model based reasoning to identify and propose solutions to societally relevant issues. In each of the four interventions, approximately 60 students in three sections of introductory physical geology were expected to represent and evaluate scientific data, make evidence-based claims about the data trends, use those claims to express conceptual models, and use their models to analyze societal challenges. Throughout each step of the laboratory exercise students were asked to justify their claims, models, and data representations using evidence and through the use of argumentation with peers. Cognitive apprenticeship was the foundation for instruction used to scaffold students so that in the first exercise they are given a partially completed model and in the last exercise students are asked to generate a conceptual model on their own. Student artifacts, including representation of earth systems, representation of scientific data, verbal and written explanations of models and scientific arguments, and written solutions to specific societal issues or environmental problems surrounding earth systems, were analyzed through the use of a rubric that modeled authentic expertise and students were sorted into three categories. Written artifacts were examined to identify student argumentation and

  13. Costs and Benefits of the Austrian Education System

    Gudrun Biffl


    Since 1990, expenditure on education has increased in Austria for every educational level. This has been the result of an extension of education beyond compulsory level as well as a shift from apprenticeships to vocational colleges. The other side of the coin of increasing costs are greater benefits to individuals, employers and society in general arising from a more skilled work force. A longer period devoted to education, and later entry into the workforce, does not only increase the earnin...

  14. Challenges for work-based learning in vocational education and training in the Nordic Countries

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms


    Dual systems of vocational education and training that build on the tradition of apprenticeship, have many attractive qualities, seen from a political perspective. VET systems that comprise a significant amount of work-based training, provide a valuable alternative for young people who chose not to pursue an academic career. Countries with strong apprenticeship systems tend to have less youth unemployment and a smoother transition to the labour market than others. Furthermore, from a learning...

  15. A tanoncképzés rövidtávú munkaerőpiaci hatásai

    Horn, Dániel


    Although apprenticeship training has been praised for its effectiveness in smoothing the school-to-work transition of non-college bound students in Western European dual education systems, there is a lack of evidence from Central Eastern Europe. Using a unique individual-level panel database, which includes an extensive set of controls, the study shows that Hungarian vocational apprenticeship students from the non-college bound vocational training track and from the vocational secondary track...

  16. NASA and the United States educational system - Outreach programs in aeronautics, space science, and technology

    Owens, Frank C.


    The role of NASA in developing a well-educated American work force is addressed. NASA educational programs aimed at precollege students are examined, including the NASA Spacemobile, Urban Community Enrichment Program, and Summer High School Apprenticeship Program. NASA workshops and programs aimed at helping teachers develop classroom curriculum materials are described. Programs aimed at college and graduate-level students are considered along with coordination efforts with other federal agencies and with corporations.

  17. System Budgets

    Jeppesen, Palle


    The lecture note is aimed at introducing system budgets for optical communication systems. It treats optical fiber communication systems (six generations), system design, bandwidth effects, other system impairments and optical amplifiers.......The lecture note is aimed at introducing system budgets for optical communication systems. It treats optical fiber communication systems (six generations), system design, bandwidth effects, other system impairments and optical amplifiers....

  18. The contribution of traditional healers' clinics to public health care system in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

    Birhan Wubet


    apprenticeship was the sources of knowledge for majority of the healers. Conclusions The study conducted showed that for the majority of patients interviewed traditional healers' clinics were one of the options to solve their health problems that indicated the considerable contribution of these clinics to the public health care system in Addis Ababa. Nevertheless, in this study the contribution of traditional healers' clinics to the public health system would have been better shown if individuals who are not users of the traditional healers' clinics were included in the interview. However, the study might be useful as a base line data for future evaluation of the significance of traditional healers' clinics for public health system and the services rendered in these clinics.

  19. System Identification

    Keesman, K.J.


    Summary System Identification Introduction.- Part I: Data-based Identification.- System Response Methods.- Frequency Response Methods.- Correlation Methods.- Part II: Time-invariant Systems Identification.- Static Systems Identification.- Dynamic Systems Identification.- Part III: Time-varying Syste

  20. Systems autonomy

    Lum, Henry, Jr.


    Information on systems autonomy is given in viewgraph form. Information is given on space systems integration, intelligent autonomous systems, automated systems for in-flight mission operations, the Systems Autonomy Demonstration Project on the Space Station Thermal Control System, the architecture of an autonomous intelligent system, artificial intelligence research issues, machine learning, and real-time image processing.

  1. Immune System

    ... Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Immune System KidsHealth > For Teens > Immune System Print A A ... put us out of commission. What the Immune System Does The immune (pronounced: ih-MYOON) system, which ...

  2. Thermal systems; Systemes thermiques

    Lalot, S. [Valenciennes Univ. et du Hainaut Cambresis, LME, 59 (France); Lecoeuche, S. [Ecole des Mines de Douai, Dept. GIP, 59 - Douai (France)]|[Lille Univ. des Sciences et Technologies, 59 - Villeneuve d' Ascq (France); Ahmad, M.; Sallee, H.; Quenard, D. [CSTB, 38 - Saint Martin d' Heres (France); Bontemps, A. [Universite Joseph Fourier, LEGI/GRETh, 38 - Grenoble (France); Gascoin, N.; Gillard, P.; Bernard, S. [Laboratoire d' Energetique, Explosion, Structure, 18 - Bourges (France); Gascoin, N.; Toure, Y. [Laboratoire Vision et Robotique, 18 - Bourges (France); Daniau, E.; Bouchez, M. [MBDA, 18 - Bourges (France); Dobrovicescu, A.; Stanciu, D. [Bucarest Univ. Polytechnique, Faculte de Genie Mecanique (Romania); Stoian, M. [Reims Univ. Champagne Ardenne, Faculte des Sciences, UTAP/LTM, 51 (France); Bruch, A.; Fourmigue, J.F.; Colasson, S. [CEA Grenoble, Lab. Greth, 38 (France); Bontemps, A. [Universite Joseph Fourier, LEGI/GRETh, 38 - Grenoble (France); Voicu, I.; Mare, T.; Miriel, J. [Institut National des Sciences Appliquees (INSA), LGCGM, IUT, 35 - Rennes (France); Galanis, N. [Sherbrooke Univ., Genie Mecanique, QC (Canada); Nemer, M.; Clodic, D. [Ecole des Mines de Paris, Centre Energetique et Procedes, 75 (France); Lasbet, Y.; Auvity, B.; Castelain, C.; Peerhossaini, H. [Nantes Univ., Ecole Polytechnique, Lab. de Thermocinetiquede Nantes, UMR-CNRS 6607, 44 (France)


    This session about thermal systems gathers 26 articles dealing with: neural model of a compact heat exchanger; experimental study and numerical simulation of the thermal behaviour of test-cells with walls made of a combination of phase change materials and super-insulating materials; hydraulic and thermal modeling of a supercritical fluid with pyrolysis inside a heated channel: pre-dimensioning of an experimental study; energy analysis of the heat recovery devices of a cryogenic system; numerical simulation of the thermo-hydraulic behaviour of a supercritical CO{sub 2} flow inside a vertical tube; mixed convection inside dual-tube exchangers; development of a nodal approach with homogenization for the simulation of the brazing cycle of a heat exchanger; chaotic exchanger for the cooling of low temperature fuel cells; structural optimization of the internal fins of a cylindrical generator; a new experimental approach for the study of the local boiling inside the channels of exchangers with plates and fins; experimental study of the flow regimes of boiling hydrocarbons on a bundle of staggered tubes; energy study of heat recovery exchangers used in Claude-type refrigerating systems; general model of Carnot engine submitted to various operating constraints; the free pistons Stirling cogeneration system; natural gas supplied cogeneration system with polymer membrane fuel cell; influence of the CRN coating on the heat flux inside the tool during the wood unrolling process; transport and mixture of a passive scalar injected inside the wake of a Ahmed body; control of a laser welding-brazing process by infrared thermography; 2D self-adaptative method for contours detection: application to the images of an aniso-thermal jet; exergy and exergy-economical study of an 'Ericsson' engine-based micro-cogeneration system; simplified air-conditioning of telephone switching equipments; parametric study of the 'low-energy' individual dwelling; brief synthesis of

  3. Data Systems vs. Information Systems

    Amatayakul, Margret K.


    This paper examines the current status of “hospital information systems” with respect to the distinction between data systems and information systems. It is proposed that the systems currently existing are incomplete data dystems resulting in ineffective information systems.

  4. 78 FR 20695 - Notice of a Public Meeting of the Advisory Committee on Apprenticeship (ACA)


    ... Administration. BILLING CODE 4510-FR-P ... bags (i.e., knapsacks, camera bags, backpacks and shopping bags, etc). Anyone with the mentioned items... photo ID, the other may be a credit/debit card, social security card, birth certificate, or another...

  5. Pathways to Employment and Quality of Life for Apprenticeship and Traineeship Graduates with Disabilities

    Cocks, Errol; Thoresen, Stian H.; Lee, Elinda Ai Lim


    People with disabilities have low participation rates in employment and vocational education and training. Thirty adults with disabilities were sampled from an Australian longitudinal study of economic and social outcomes achieved by graduate apprentices and trainees. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to identify pathways from high school…

  6. Stationary Engineers Apprenticeship. Related Training Modules. 16.1-16.5 Combustion.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This learning module, one in a series of 20 related training modules for apprentice stationary engineers, deals with combustion. Addressed in the individual instructional packages included in the module are the following topics: the combustion process, types of fuel, air and flue gases, heat transfer during combustion, and wood combustion. Each…

  7. CERN apprenticeships honoured at the Cité des Métiers


    Florian Métral, an electronics apprentice at CERN, accepting his prize at the award ceremony.CERN's exhibition stand at the Cité des Métiers et des Formations. CERN has just taken part in the Cité des Métiers et des Formations for the first time. This job and training fair, designed to assist both young people and adults in their choice of profession, training or career change, was held at Palexpo, Geneva's main exhibition centre, from 13 to 19 November. CERN had its own stand, where the Laboratory's activities and its many different trades and training opportunities were on display. Throughout the week and the weekend, a series of guides and members of the HR Department took it in turns to present CERN and the wide range of training it offers students and apprentices. Apprentices came into the spotlight on 13 November, when the Union Industrielle Genevoise awarded prizes to the eight most meritorious apprentices in the field of mecatronics (mechanical and electronics engineering) in the Canton of Gene...

  8. Stationary Engineers Apprenticeship. Related Training Modules. 20.1-23.1 Miscellaneous.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This learning module, one in a series of 20 related training modules for apprentice stationary engineers, deals with miscellaneous job skills needed by persons working in power plants. Addressed in the individual instructional packages included in the module are the following topics: transformers, circuit protection, construction of foundations…

  9. Advanced Psychotherapy Training: Psychotherapy Scholars' Track, and the Apprenticeship Model

    Feinstein, Robert E.; Yager, Joel


    Background/Objective: Guided by ACGME's requirements, psychiatric residency training in psychotherapy currently focuses on teaching school-specific forms of psychotherapy (i.e., cognitive-behavioral, supportive, and psychodynamic psychotherapy). On the basis of a literature review of common factors affecting psychotherapy outcomes and…

  10. Learning Cultures in Retail: Apprenticeship, Identity and Emotional Work in England and Germany

    Brockmann, Michaela


    The paper is based on a study of apprentices in retail and motor vehicle maintenance in England and Germany, exploring their perceptions of themselves as learners over time and in particular learning environments. The study combines biographical interviews with participant observation in colleges and workplaces. The paper examines the concept of…

  11. Helping Doctoral Students Teach: Transitioning to Early Career Academia through Cognitive Apprenticeship

    Greer, Dominique A.; Cathcart, Abby; Neale, Larry


    Doctoral training is strongly focused on honing research skills at the expense of developing teaching competency. As a result, emerging academics are unprepared for the pedagogical requirements of their early-career academic roles. Employing an action research approach, this study investigates the effectiveness of a competency-based teaching…

  12. The Role of Cognitive Apprenticeship in Learning Science in a Virtual World

    Ramdass, Darshanand


    This article extends the discussion started by Margaret Beier, Leslie Miller, and Shu Wang's (2012) paper, "Science games and the development of possible selves". In this paper, I suggest that a theoretical framework based on a sociocultural theory of learning is critical in learning in a virtual environment. I will discuss relevant research on…

  13. New Models of Apprenticeship and Equal Employment Opportunity. Do Training Networks Enhance Fair Hiring Practices?

    Imdorf, Christian; Leemann, Regula J.


    This study investigates whether occupational training networks enable the selection of apprentices to be less discriminatory. Training networks are a new organisational form of VET that is becoming increasingly widespread in Switzerland, as well as in Germany and Austria. In the Swiss model, an intermediary lead organisation recruits the…

  14. Development of habits through apprenticeship in a community: DHAC theoretical framework of physics teacher preparation

    Etkina, Eugenia; Vokos, Stamatis


    The DHAC framework builds on the contemporary understanding of teacher preparation and strives to provide a better understanding of the process of learning to teach physics. Extant literature on teacher preparation suggests that pre-service teachers learn best when they are immersed in a community that allows them to develop dispositions, knowledge and practical skills and share with the community a strong vision of what good teaching means. However, despite having developed the requisite dispositions, knowledge and skills in pursuing the shared vision of good teaching, the professional demands on a teacher's time are so great out of and so complex during class time that if every decision requires multiple considerations and deliberations with oneself, the productive decisions might not materialize. We therefore argue that the missing link between intentional decision-making and actual teaching practice are the teacher's habits (spontaneous responses to situational cues). Teachers unavoidably develop habits w...

  15. Introduction to the Drywall Trade. Pre-Apprenticeship Phase 1 Training.

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    This student training module is an introduction to the drywall trade. (A companion instructor's guide is available separately as CE 032 886; also, other student modules are available--see note.) The modules are designed to introduce trade knowledge and skills to the student. This module contains a cover sheet listing module title, goal, and…

  16. ESP Practitioner Professionalization through Apprenticeship of Practice: The Case of Two Iranian ESP Practitioners

    Ghanbari, Batoul; Rasekh, Abbas Eslami


    English for specific purposes (ESP), the popular catchphrase of presently English language teaching programs, has been investigated from different perspectives. However, there have been occasional forays in to the role of ESP practitioner as one of the most distinctive features in the literature. In addition to fulfilling the usual role of a…

  17. Reading for Understanding: How Reading Apprenticeship Improves Disciplinary Learning in Secondary and College Classrooms. Second Edition

    Schoenbach, Ruth; Greenleaf, Cynthia; Murphy, Lynn


    Published in partnership with WestEd, this significantly updated second edition of the bestselling book contains strategies for helping students in middle school through community college gain the reading independence to master subject area textbooks and other material. Features of this book include: (1) Based on the Reading Apprenticeship…

  18. Analysis of Apprenticeship Training from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972.

    Cook, Robert F.; And Others

    A study investigated effects of on-the-job or "hands-on" vocational training relative to standard classroom vocational instruction on subsequent employment, earnings, wages, and job satisfaction. The data used were from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 and five follow-up surveys of this population. An analysis of…

  19. Apprenticeship of agents in electric power auctions; Aprendizado de agentes no leilao de energia eletrica

    Walter, Igor; Gomide, Fernando [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Eletrica e de Computacao. Dept. de Engenharia de Computacao e Automacao Industrial; Takahashi, Leticia; Correia, Paulo de Barros [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia Mecanica


    Auctions are used in a myriad of economic transactions through different trading environments. This work addresses simulation and implementation of power auction strategies based on an actual case, namely, first auction of existent energy recently completed by the Brazilian electricity sector. Auctions provide formal methods to allocate resources based on competition, where sellers and buyers aim to maximize their benefit. The goal of this work is to study automatic learning of bidding strategies for an agent playing in a power auction. The agent learns bidding strategies from data and information commonly available during electronic auctions. The intelligent power auction agent learning approach is based on neural dynamic programming, a scheme that combines dynamic programming and neural networks techniques. Evidences suggest that the neural dynamic programming is an effective learning approach for power auction learning agents. More specifically, it is shown that Q-learning mechanism is a valuable approach to learn sub-optimal bidding policies in real time when using neural network for function approximation. (author)

  20. Exploring the Affordances of Second Life Machinima as an Anchor for Classroom-Based Apprenticeship

    Muldoon, Nona; Kofoed, Jennifer


    The research reported in this paper is part of an ongoing investigation into the design of a technology-enhanced learning environment that draws from approaches embodied in the situated learning theory. In this learning context, Second Life machinima (animated artefact filmed in a 3D virtual environment) is used as an anchor to mediate authentic…

  1. CSI Web Adventures: A Forensics Virtual Apprenticeship for Teaching Science and Inspiring STEM Careers

    Miller, Leslie; Chang, Ching-I; Hoyt, Daniel


    CSI: The Experience, a traveling museum exhibit and a companion web adventure, was created through a grant from the National Science Foundation as a potential model for informal learning. The website was designed to enrich and complement the exhibit by modeling the forensic process. Substantive science, real-world lab techniques, and higher-level…

  2. Collaboration between the CERN Apprenticeship Service and the Geneva industrial organization, Union Industrielle Genevoise (UIG)

    Damien Gillieron


    De gauche a droite: C. Monney, laureat; W. Blair, chef des Services Educatifs; Y. Zaugg, President de l'UIG; A. Romanens, laureat; R. Gay, responsable des apprentissages techniques et P. Lathuiliere, delegue pour la formation de l'UIG

  3. Staging Death, Translating Death, Rehearsing Death: A Photographer’s Apprenticeship in Dying

    Daniela Fargione


    The preponderance of death imagery in the mass media and a recent interest of photography in the practice of death suggest the need to reevaluate our approach to death and dying, especially when violence is involved. This essay is a case study of History of Violence, Claudio Cravero's last photographic project. His collection of "portraits" reproduce apparent dead bodies, mostly attacked in their own domestic spheres, but neither the perpetrator of death (a mysterious murderer?), nor the weap...

  4. Staging Death, Translating Death, Rehearsing Death: A Photographer’s Apprenticeship in Dying

    Daniela Fargione


    Full Text Available The preponderance of death imagery in the mass media and a recent interest of photography in the practice of death suggest the need to reevaluate our approach to death and dying, especially when violence is involved. This essay is a case study of History of Violence, Claudio Cravero's last photographic project. His collection of "portraits" reproduce apparent dead bodies, mostly attacked in their own domestic spheres, but neither the perpetrator of death (a mysterious murderer?, nor the weapon used (an omnipresent knife, should be considered as main focal points of the artist's inquiry. The undoubtful protagonist of these photographs, instead, is the light, that illuminates fear: not of death itself, rather of the obnoxious indifference to it, as the result of generalized death imagery saturation.     The staged apparent death displayed in Cravero's photographs serve both as a memento mori and as a strategy to come to terms with the idea of death. In short, it is an apprentship in dying through a domesticating translation practice. Eventually, Cravero's History of Violence offers a complex reflection on the interplay between each individual story and macrolevel social History, thus providing some hypotheses of where violence and death fit in that odd geometry of time and space that we call life.

  5. 75 FR 56578 - Renewal of the Advisory Committee on Apprenticeship (ACA), and an Open Meeting


    ..., Executive Director, Association for Career and Technical Education, Alexandria, Virginia. Mr. Andrew Cort s..., Vocational and Adult Education (OVAE), U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC. Mr. Barry Johnson..., Employment and Training Administration. BILLING CODE 4510-FR-P...

  6. Training for the Skilled Trades in Australia, 1980-2000: Training Reforms. Australian Apprenticeships.

    Webster, E.; Dockery, M.; Bainger, T.; Kelly, R.

    This paper examines trends in occupational mismatch in the metal, building, vehicle, and electrical trades and questions whether the process of award restructuring that began in the late 1980s has created incentives for unskilled blue collar workers to pursue skill-based career paths in the trades. Chapter 1 discusses the paper's aim and history…

  7. Factors Affecting the Provision of Entry-Level Training by Enterprises. Australian Apprenticeships.

    Ball, K.; Freeland, B.

    A study examined key determinants of apprentice and trainee employment in small and medium-sized enterprises that play an increasing role in providing employment-based training in Australia. It used unit record data from four waves of the Australian Bureau of Statistics business growth and performance surveys 1994-95 to 1997-98, which sent…

  8. Native Residential Construction Worker. Apprenticeship Training Standards = Construction residentielle autochtone. Normes de formation en apprentissage.

    Ontario Ministry of Skills Development, Toronto.

    These training standards for native residential construction workers are intended to be used by apprentice/trainees, instructors, and companies in Ontario, Canada, as a blueprint for training or as a prerequisite for prerequisite for accreditation/certification. The training standards identify skills required for this occupation and its related…

  9. Teaching DevOps and Cloud Computing using a Cognitive Apprenticeship and Story-Telling Approach

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak


    DevOps is a new way of developing software that is challenging from a teaching perspective. In this paper, we outline these challenges and propose teaching methods that focus on skill acquisition and technical practices that focus on performant virtualization to overcome them. We describe central...... elements from our course Cloud Computing and Architecture that has been designed and executed upon these methods and practices and report our experiences and lessons learned....

  10. Democratic Citizenship – A Conditioned Apprenticeship. A Call for Destabilisation of Democracy in Education

    Maria Olson


    Full Text Available We live in times when the search for a citizenship education that can transcend national, ethnical and cultural borders is an important part of educational policy. In times of increased pressure by the European Union on its nation states to provide for nation-transcending democracy, this question becomes crucial for national policymaking in Europe. In this text, Swedish education policy will be taken as a case in point in order to shed light on how this question is being handled in this particular national policy setting. It is argued that the policy’s citizen fostering agenda tends to be counterproductive in the sense that it is still situated in national notions of the relationship between democracy and education, which tend to exclude certain individuals and groups of people on an age-related and (ethno cultural basis. It is further argued that these excluding features can be related to educational ideas about socialisation. The aim of this text is underlined by suggesting a different way of framing democracy and democratic citizenship education: to increase the potential of education as regards the renewal of democracy and democratic citizenship.

  11. Harbor systems; Kowan system

    Yasumoto, K.; Mitsuhashi, M. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)


    Container terminals these days are required to be enlarged, automated in operation, and enhanced in reliability so that they can properly deal with ships growing larger in size and containers increasing in number. Stable supply of electric power and efficient monitor and control of the related equipment are very important in securing stabilized, continuous operation for such container terminals. Outlined in this report are the electrical equipment of a modern container terminal and the large-capacity voltage fluctuation compensation unit delivered by Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., to West 5 Container Terminal, Nagoya Harbor. The electrical equipment of a terminal is a special high voltage reception/transformation facility capable of loop reception at 66kV. The 66kV cubicle type gas-insulated switch is provided with a current transformer for a sectionalized protection relay, current transformer for bus protection, and VCT bypass disconnector. The main transformer is a gas-insulated transformer, and a molded transformer is adopted for the special high voltage reception/transformation facility. The equipment monitor and control system employs a UNIX-base computer as the central processing system, and the information LAN is so designed as to be connectable to the Ethernet and P-link. 6 figs.

  12. Multibody Systems

    Wagner, Falko Jens


    Multibody Systems is one area, in which methods for solving DAEs are of special interst. This chapter is about multibody systems, why they result in DAE systems and what kind of problems that can arise when dealing with multibody systems and formulating their corresponding DAE system....

  13. Digestive System

    ... 5 Things to Know About Zika & Pregnancy Digestive System KidsHealth > For Parents > Digestive System Print A A ... body can absorb and use. About the Digestive System Almost all animals have a tube-type digestive ...

  14. Respiratory System

    ... page from the NHLBI on Twitter. The Respiratory System The respiratory system is made up of organs ... and the muscles that enable breathing. The Respiratory System Figure A shows the location of the respiratory ...

  15. Conceiving systems

    Hitchins, D.K.


    The thesis is concerned with the development of innovative, robust design concepts for a class of systems called Information Decision Action (IDA) Systems. IDA systems are typified by Command and Control (C2) and Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (C3I) systems as used by police, emergency services and the military - the two titles refer respectively to the human activity and the technological systems. The class of systems is much wider, however, and includes, financial, traffi...

  16. System dynamics

    This book introduces systems thinking and conceptual tool and modeling tool of dynamics system such as tragedy of single thinking, accessible way of system dynamics, feedback structure and causal loop diagram analysis, basic of system dynamics modeling, causal loop diagram and system dynamics modeling, information delay modeling, discovery and application for policy, modeling of crisis of agricultural and stock breeding products, dynamic model and lesson in ecosystem, development and decadence of cites and innovation of education forward system thinking.

  17. Systems effectiveness

    Habayeb, A R


    Highlights three principal applications of system effectiveness: hardware system evaluation, organizational development and evaluation, and conflict analysis. The text emphasizes the commonality of the system effectiveness discipline. The first part of the work presents a framework for system effectiveness, partitioning and hierarchy of hardware systems. The second part covers the structure, hierarchy, states, functions and activities of organizations. Contains an extended Appendix on mathematical concepts and also several project suggestions.

  18. Auxiliary systems

    Systems included under the heading ''Reactor Auxillary Systems'' are those immediately involved with the reactor operation. These include the systems for dosing and letdown of reactor coolant, as well as for the chemical dosing, purification and treatment of the reactor coolant and the cooling system in the controlled area. The ancillary systems are mainly responsible for liquid and gaseous treatment and the waste treatment for final storage. (orig.)

  19. Stem system

    Shajmardanova L.R.


    Full Text Available The article shows the stem cells from the point of view of systemic anatomy, where they are united into an entire stem system. This integration shows various advantages for better understanding the stem cells role in the body. Authors, considering functions and action mechanism of stem cells, phylogeny, ontogeny, regulation of functions, explain the base for stem cells system existance. The definition and terminology, age peculiarities, relationship with other systems of organs and differences are offered. The theoretical proof of primary-integrative role of stem system is provided for all other systems in body. Of particular importance is the role of stem system as a link between neural and endocrine systems. The work helps to sistematize data on investigations of stem cells, their entire-system perception, that will ease the goals determining for further research and their clinical use.

  20. Auxiliary systems

    For a undisturbed reactor operation, the various Auxiliary and Ancillary Systems must function perfectly with the Reactor Coolant System together. While the Auxiliary Systems are directly connected to the Reactor Coolant System and therefore have contact with the Reactor Coolant, the Ancillary Systems perform tasks which do not directly influence reactor operation and in part are necessary exclusively for environment protection. The design criteria of the individual systems are a result of these tasks, especially in relation to availability, operational readiness and probability of failure. (orig.)

  1. Lymph system

    The lymph system is a network of organs, lymph nodes, lymph ducts, and lymph vessels that make and move lymph from tissues to the bloodstream. The lymph system is a major part of the body's immune ...

  2. Intelligent Systems

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The autonomous systems (AS) project, led by NASA Ames, is developing software for system operation automation. AS technology will help astronauts make more...

  3. Retrofitting Systems

    Rose, Jørgen


    This report gives an overview of the different retrofitting possibilities that are available today. The report looks at both external and internal systems for external wall constructions, roof constructions, floor constructions and foundations. All systems are described in detail in respect to use...... and methods, and the efficiency of the different systems are discussed....

  4. Systems Engineering

    Pellerano, Fernando


    This short course provides information on what systems engineering is and how the systems engineer guides requirements, interfaces with the discipline leads, and resolves technical issues. There are many system-wide issues that either impact or are impacted by the thermal subsystem. This course will introduce these issues and illustrate them with real life examples.

  5. Multifunction system

    The development, the characteristics and the applications of a multifunction system are presented. The system is used on the RBES laboratory pipes, at Marcoule. The system was developed in order to allow, without time loss, the modification of the circuit function by replacing only one component. The following elements form the multifunction system: a fixed base, which is part of the tube, a removable piece, which is inserted into the base, a cover plate and its locking system. The material, chosen among commercial trade marks, required small modifications in order to be used in the circuit

  6. Operating systems

    Tsichritzis, Dionysios C; Rheinboldt, Werner


    Operating Systems deals with the fundamental concepts and principles that govern the behavior of operating systems. Many issues regarding the structure of operating systems, including the problems of managing processes, processors, and memory, are examined. Various aspects of operating systems are also discussed, from input-output and files to security, protection, reliability, design methods, performance evaluation, and implementation methods.Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of what constitutes an operating system, followed by a discussion on the definition and pr

  7. Cryogenic Systems

    Hosoyama, Kenji


    In this lecture we discuss the principle of method of cooling to a very low temperature, i.e. cryogenic. The "gas molecular model" will be introduced to explain the mechanism cooling by the expansion engine and the Joule-Thomson expansion valve. These two expansion processes are normally used in helium refrigeration systems to cool the process gas to cryogenic temperature. The reverse Carnot cycle will be discussed in detail as an ideal refrigeration cycle. First the fundamental process of liquefaction and refrigeration cycles will be discussed, and then the practical helium refrigeration system. The process flow of the system and the key components; -compressor, expander, and heat exchanger- will be discussed. As an example of an actual refrigeration system, we will use the cryogenic system for the KEKB superconducting RF cavity. We will also discuss the liquid helium distribution system, which is very important, especially for the cryogenic systems used in accelerator applications. 1 Principles of Cooling and Fundamental Cooling Cycle 2 Expansion engine, Joule-Thomson expansion, kinetic molecular theory, and enthalpy 3 Liquefaction Systems 4 Refrigeration Systems 5 Practical helium liquefier/refrigeration system 6 Cryogenic System for TRISTAN Superconducting RF Cavity

  8. A systemic risk warning system

    Sibert, Anne


    Economists largely neglected systemic risk in the financial sector. This column discusses how governments should gather data about systemic risk and assess its implications. It says the new European Systemic Risk Board is far from the ideal – it is too big, too homogeneous, and lacks independence.

  9. Material Systems

    Jensen, Mads Brath; Mortensen, Henrik Rubæk; Mullins, Michael;


    This paper describes and reflects upon the results of an investigative project which explores the setting up of a material system - a parametric and generative assembly consisting of and taking into consideration material properties, manufacturing constraints and geometric behavior. The project...... approaches the subject through the construction of a logic-driven system aiming to explore the possibilities of a material system that fulfills spatial, structural and performative requirements concurrently and how these are negotiated in situations where they might be conflicting....

  10. Cognitive Systems

    Larsen, Jan


    The tutorial will discuss the definition of cognitive systems as the possibilities to extend the current systems engineering paradigm in order to perceive, learn, reason and interact robustly in open-ended changing environments. I will also address cognitive systems in a historical perspective and its relation and potential over current artificial intelligence architectures. Machine learning models that learn from data and previous knowledge will play an increasingly important role in all lev...