Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in this report)
Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hays, C.B.
1998-05-19
The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. Both the General Information and Unit-Specific portions of the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application address the content of the Part B permit application guidance prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1996) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information needed by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in this report).
14 CFR 151.21 - Procedures: Application; general information.
2010-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures: Application; general information. 151.21 Section 151.21 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... (built, if necessary), without regard to their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, before...
Hanford Facility dangerous waste permit application, general information. Revision 1
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1993-05-01
The current Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) and a treatment, storage, and/or disposal Unit-Specific Portion, which includes documentation for individual TSD units (e.g., document numbers DOE/RL-89-03 and DOE/RL-90-01). Both portions consist of a Part A division and a Part B division. The Part B division consists of 15 chapters that address the content of the Part B checklists prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1987) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information requirements mandated by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology checklist section numbers, in brackets, follow the chapter headings and subheadings. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion (i.e., this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) is broader in nature and applies to all treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which final status is sought. Because of its broad nature, the Part A division of the General Information Portion references the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part A Permit Application (document number DOE/RL-88-21), a compilation of all Part A documentation for the Hanford Facility.
Hanford Facility dangerous waste permit application, general information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The current Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) and a treatment, storage, and/or disposal Unit-Specific Portion, which includes documentation for individual TSD units (e.g., document numbers DOE/RL-89-03 and DOE/RL-90-01). Both portions consist of a Part A division and a Part B division. The Part B division consists of 15 chapters that address the content of the Part B checklists prepared by the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology 1987) and the US Environmental Protection Agency (40 Code of Federal Regulations 270), with additional information requirements mandated by the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments of 1984 and revisions of Washington Administrative Code 173-303. For ease of reference, the Washington State Department of Ecology checklist section numbers, in brackets, follow the chapter headings and subheadings. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion (i.e., this document, number DOE/RL-91-28) is broader in nature and applies to all treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which final status is sought. Because of its broad nature, the Part A division of the General Information Portion references the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Part A Permit Application (document number DOE/RL-88-21), a compilation of all Part A documentation for the Hanford Facility
10 CFR 72.22 - Contents of application: General and financial information.
2010-01-01
... Information against unauthorized disclosure in accordance with the requirements in § 73.21 and the... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contents of application: General and financial information... financial information. Each application must state: (a) Full name of applicant; (b) Address of applicant;...
18 CFR 33.2 - Contents of application-general information requirements.
2010-04-01
... following general information with respect to the applicant and each entity whose jurisdictional facilities... alliances, tolling arrangements or other business arrangements, including transfers of operational control... description of jurisdictional facilities owned, operated, or controlled by the applicant or its...
Fort Calhoun Station, Unit 2. License application, PSAR, general information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Application for construction and operating licenses for Calhoun-2 Reactor is presented. Financial data concerning the Omaha Public Power District and the Nebraska Public Power District are included. (DCC)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Institute of Atomic Energy (IAE) emerged in 1983 as one of three research institutes formed on the basis of the Institute of Nuclear Research. Originally the main task for the IAE was research in the field of the reactor physics and techniques needed for nuclear power plant operation and maintenance. Since nineties the priorities were broadened. At present they cover the basic and applied research aiming at the development of both pro ecological energy systems and applications of new nuclear technologies in medicine and industry including nuclear and non-nuclear energy sources.The main research facility of the IAE is the MARIA reactor of 30 MW (thermal). In 2001 the reactor was used mainly for production of radioisotopes for medicine and for neutron scattering studies. The decommissioning of the old reactor EWA was finished and the final reports were prepared. In 2001 the reactor MARIA completed 36 operational cycles with operation time of 3598 hours. No abnormal situations occurred. In the frame of implementation of medium enriched fuel in MARIA reactor, at the end of 2001 only two 80% enriched fuel assembly were used in reactor core. The full conversion was expected at the beginning of 2002. The analysis of the physical parameters for operating purposes of the reactor and the exploitation of spent fuel storage facilities were performed. Based on the results from the WIW-300 installation, the flow resistance in primary fuel cooling circuit in the case of boiling was evaluated. To prevent the corrosion damage of MR spent fuel stored in technological pool of MARIA reactor, the encapsulation technology was adapted. The ecology, economy and safety of nuclear facilities were considered, taking into account the possibility of construction of a nuclear power plant in Poland. The experiments of interaction of fast neutrons from spallation source with U/Pb pile in JINR (Dubna) were performed. The Institute has also started the design and construction of a facility for
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Aragon, Kathryn M.; Eaton, Shelley M.; McCornack, Marjorie Turner; Shannon, Sharon A.
2014-12-01
When a requirements engineering effort fails to meet expectations, often times the requirements management tool is blamed. Working with numerous project teams at Sandia National Laboratories over the last fifteen years has shown us that the tool is rarely the culprit; usually it is the lack of a viable information architecture with well- designed processes to support requirements engineering. This document illustrates design concepts with rationale, as well as a proven information architecture to structure and manage information in support of requirements engineering activities for any size or type of project. This generalized information architecture is specific to IBM's Rational DOORS (Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements System) software application, which is the requirements management tool in Sandia's CEE (Common Engineering Environment). This generalized information architecture can be used as presented or as a foundation for designing a tailored information architecture for project-specific needs. It may also be tailored for another software tool. Version 1.0 4 November 201
The Generalized Quantization Schemes for Games and its Application to Quantum Information
Nawaz, Ahmad
2010-01-01
Theory of quantum games is relatively new to the literature and its applications to various areas of research are being explored. It is a novel interpretation of strategies and decisions in quantum domain. In the earlier work on quantum games considerable attention was given to the resolution of dilemmas present in corresponding classical games. Two separate quantum schemes were presented by Eisert et al. and Marinatto and Weber to resolve dilemmas in Prisoners' Dilemma and Battle of Sexes games respectively. However for the latter scheme it was argued that dilemma was not resolved. We have modified the quantization scheme of Marinatto and Weber to resolve the dilemma. We have developed a generalized quantization scheme for two person non-zero sum games which reduces to the existing schemes under certain conditions. Applications of this generalized quantization scheme to quantum information theory are studied. Measurement being ubiquitous in quantum mechanics can not be ignored in quantum games. With the help...
Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, general information portion. Revision 3
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
For purposes of the Hanford facility dangerous waste permit application, the US Department of Energy's contractors are identified as ''co-operators'' and sign in that capacity (refer to Condition I.A.2. of the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit). Any identification of these contractors as an ''operator'' elsewhere in the application is not meant to conflict with the contractors' designation as co-operators but rather is based on the contractors' contractual status with the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office. The Dangerous Waste Portion of the initial Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit, which incorporated five treatment, storage, and/or disposal units, was based on information submitted in the Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application and in closure plan and closure/postclosure plan documentation. During 1995, the Dangerous Waste Portion was modified twice to incorporate another eight treatment, storage, and/or disposal units; during 1996, the Dangerous Waste Portion was modified once to incorporate another five treatment, storage, and/or disposal units. The permit modification process will be used at least annually to incorporate additional treatment, storage, and/or disposal units as permitting documentation for these units is finalized. The units to be included in annual modifications are specified in a schedule contained in the Dangerous Waste Portion of the Hanford Facility Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Permit. Treatment, storage, and/or disposal units will remain in interim status until incorporated into the Permit. The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (this document, DOE/RL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion is limited to individual operating treatment, storage, and/or disposal units for which
General Information about Melanoma
... Screening Research Melanoma Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Melanoma Go to Health Professional Version Key ... the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board . Clinical Trial Information A clinical trial is a study to answer ...
Tuberculosis: General Information
TB Elimination Tuberculosis: General Information What is TB? Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person ... Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Division of Tuberculosis Elimination CS227840_A What Does a Positive Test ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Physical quantities can be obtained by utilizing different informational sources. The available information is usually associated with systematic and statistical errors. If the informational sources are utilized simultaneously, then it is possible to obtain posterior estimates of the quantities with better statistical properties than exhibited by any prior estimates. The general technique for confluence of any number possibly dependent informational sources can be developed. Insight into the nature of the informational source allows different types of data associated with the source to be improved. The formulas of the technique are presented and applied to the power distribution determination for research reactor HOR of the Delft University of Technology, employing calculational and experimental data. (authors). 5 refs., 1 tab., 5 figs
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Shuqing; ZHANG Junyan; ZHANG Bai
2004-01-01
By combining geographic information system (GIS), a new conception of "group" in which covers the complex connected region is introduced in the paper. Based on the conception of group, a generalized Euler formula and its properties are deduced and proved. The paper also describes the mathematical principles of generating topological information of polygon in GIS maps and the methods for checking up the veracity of topological relations of the map with Euler formula and general Euler formula. We have also obtained the quantitative relations among real nodes, chains, islands and groups with the formulas. At the same time, the paper introduces Whole Sphere Stereographic (WSS) projection into the GIS, and defines a new conception of "sea". The deduction of general Euler formula and the introduction of WSS projection to GIS have developed new ways of delineating GIS topological models from plane to sphere and even constructing three dimensional (3-D) topological models.
Statistical properties of general Markov dynamical sources: applications to information theory
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Frédéric Chazal
2004-12-01
Full Text Available In Dynamical sources in information theory: fundamental intervals and word prefixes, B. Vallée studies statistical properties of words generated by dynamical sources. This is done using generalized Ruelle operators. The aim of this article is to generalize sources for which the results hold. First, we avoid the use of Grotendieck theory and Fredholm determinants, this allows dynamical sources that cannot be extended to a complex disk or that are not analytic. Second, we consider Markov sources: the language generated by the source over an alphabet M is not necessarily M *.
22 CFR 61.9 - General information.
2010-04-01
... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information. 61.9 Section 61.9 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLIC DIPLOMACY AND EXCHANGES WORLD-WIDE FREE FLOW OF AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS § 61.9 General information. General information and application forms may be obtained by writing to...
How general is general information construct?
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Predrag Zarevski
2005-04-01
Full Text Available There is a small number of constructs in the field of differential psychology that have raised so much debate between psychologists and professionals in related disciplines as is the case of general (verbal information construct. It seemed reasonable to test the validity of this construct measured with general information test in comparison with other measures of knowledge (cultural knowledge, vocabulary, knowledge of the most recent events, foreign language knowledge, and a standard verbal type g test. A sample of 376 candidates for state services was tested in a selection situation. Three analyses were conducted to determine the position of general information test in the space of other verbal competency measures. The first analysis questioned latent structure of the space of four tests having the same format and asking about the knowledge of international terms, general culture, knowledge of most recent events, and general information. The second analysis included the g-factor intelligence test so to see how the above described structure changes when this new test is introduced. The third analysis introduced an English language test. In all of the three component analyses only one eigenvalue was larger than 1 and it explained between 52 and 64% of variance. In all analyses general information test had the highest projection on the only significant latent dimension of these cognitive spaces. In other words, it can be concluded that the construct of general information is in the center of this hyperconus. That is why we consider measurement of general information knowledge, as well as the construct itself, to be an important question in psychological diagnostics. Thus, it is important to go further with the investigation of this construct because it does not seem that it is named general information by accident.
General Information about Cervical Cancer
... Research Cervical Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Cervical Cancer Key Points Cervical cancer is ... the NCI website . Cervical Cancer During Pregnancy General Information About Cervical Cancer During Pregnancy Treatment of cervical ...
NEP Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2. License application, general and financial information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A license application is presented for 2 pressurized water reactors at a proposed location in Charlestown RI. Each reactor will have a net capacity of 1150 MW. Cooling water will be supplied by the Atlantic Ocean. NEP-1 is scheduled for operation in 1983 and NEP-2 in 1985
Edwin I. Hatch Nuclear Plant, Unit 2. License application, general information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An application for a direct cycle BWR is presented. The reactor will be located about 11 miles north of Baxley, Ga., near the south bank of the Ultamaha River in Appling County close to Hatch-1 Reactor. The core thermal power level will be 2537 MW(t) and the electrical power level will be 795 MW(e). Mechanical cooling towers will be utilized
Palo Verde Generating Station, Units 4 and 5. License application, general information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A license application for two more Palo Verde reactors, Units 4 and 5, is presented. The two PWR reactors have a nominal net generating power each of 1,270 MW(e). Containments are steel-lined prestressed cylindrical structures with hemispherical domes. The reactors are replicas of Palo Verde 1, 2 and 3 (see DOCKETS 50528, 50529 and 50530) using the standard Combustion Engineering System 80 (see DOCKET-STN-50470)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
An application is presented for two PWR reactors to be constructed in Salud Township, Jefferson County, Indiana, about six miles northeast of New Washington on the Ohio River. Each unit will have a rated core power level of 3411 MW(t) with a corresponding electrical output of 1130 MW(e). Mechanical draft cooling towers will be provided. The facility, which will replicate the Byron facility will be employed for the generation of electricity for transmission, sale for resale, and distribution
Health Facility General Information
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This featured Application Programming Interface (API) page serves as a reference for developers who are building tools that interact with the data on Health Data...
Labor Informality: General Causes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gustavo Sandoval Betancour
2016-04-01
Full Text Available The article examines the main causes of labor informality in order to verify the validity of classical theories that explain unemployment in market economies and its relationship to informality. Methodologically, the project was based, in the empirical part, on international statistics, comparing the evolution of labor market structure in a combined sample of highly industrialized countries and other less industrialized ones. Empirical evidence supports the conclusion that the classical economic theory of Marxist origin is inefficient to explain the causes of unemployment in contemporary market economies, as well as it fails to satisfactorily explain informality. On the contrary, we conclude that the theory in question is more relevant to explain informality in centrally planned economies where this phenomenon has been present even more significantly than in free market economies.
Health Facility General Information
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This dataset contains the locations of Article 28, Article 36 and Article 40 health care facilities and programs from the Health Facilities Information System...
Clinch River Breeder Reactor Plant. License application, statement of general information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Application is made for a reactor facility consisting of a liquid metal cooled reactor and steam generator system, a steam turbine driven electric generating system, electrical switchyard, and related auxiliaries and supporting structures. The primary system is located in an inert atmosphere in shielded vaults within a containment structure. Sodium coolant is used to remove heat from the core and radial blanket. Heat from the primary sodium is transferred in heat exchangers to non radioactive sodium which is used to convert feed-water into steam which is superheated to drive a tandem-compound generator. A single shaft multi-stage turbine generator produces 380 MW(e) with steam conditions of 1450 psig at 9000F. Fuel is sintered ceramic pellets of mixed uranium-plutonium oxides encapsulated in stainless steel. There are 198 fuel assemblies with each assembly consisting of 217 fuel rods placed in a hexagonal channel. Plutonium enrichment ranges from 1817 to 32.0 percent by weight. Axial blanket sections contain depleted UO2 with 99.8 percent 238U and 0.2 percent 235U by weight. The proposed location of the plant is within the corporate limits of the city of Oak Ridge in Roane County, Tennessee. (U.S.)
78 FR 54862 - Information Collection; General Program Administration
2013-09-06
... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; General Program Administration AGENCY: Farm Service Agency... Programs (FLP) General Program Administration. The information collected is used to ensure that applicants... INFORMATION: ] Title: Farm Loan Programs, General Program Administration. OMB Control Number:...
Medical Information Management System (MIMS): A generalized interactive information system
Alterescu, S.; Friedman, C. A.; Hipkins, K. R.
1975-01-01
An interactive information system is described. It is a general purpose, free format system which offers immediate assistance where manipulation of large data bases is required. The medical area is a prime area of application. Examples of the system's operation, commentary on the examples, and a complete listing of the system program are included.
Credential Application Awaiting Information
Department of Homeland Security — When a Credential application or required documentation is incomplete, an Awaiting Information letter is issued. The application process cannot continue until all...
A proposed general model of information behaviour.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
2003-01-01
Full Text Available Presents a critical description of Wilson's (1996 global model of information behaviour and proposes major modification on the basis of research into information behaviour of managers, conducted in Poland. The theoretical analysis and research results suggest that Wilson's model has certain imperfections, both in its conceptual content, and in graphical presentation. The model, for example, cannot be used to describe managers' information behaviour, since managers basically are not the end users of external from organization or computerized information services, and they acquire information mainly through various intermediaries. Therefore, the model cannot be considered as a general model, applicable to every category of information users. The proposed new model encompasses the main concepts of Wilson's model, such as: person-in-context, three categories of intervening variables (individual, social and environmental, activating mechanisms, cyclic character of information behaviours, and the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach to explain them. However, the new model introduces several changes. They include: 1. identification of 'context' with the intervening variables; 2. immersion of the chain of information behaviour in the 'context', to indicate that the context variables influence behaviour at all stages of the process (identification of needs, looking for information, processing and using it; 3. stress is put on the fact that the activating mechanisms also can occur at all stages of the information acquisition process; 4. introduction of two basic strategies of looking for information: personally and/or using various intermediaries.
General information about nuclear energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The following briefing notes were written to provide background information about nuclear power in Europe for journalists covering ENC 2002. They deal with four separate aspects of nuclear electricity generation: Economics; Environment; Safety; Waste Management. (authors)
General Information about Colon Cancer
... for information about colorectal cancer in children. Health history can affect the risk of developing colon cancer. ... through. This procedure is called a colostomy. A bag is placed around the stoma to collect the ...
32 CFR 324.5 - General information.
2010-07-01
... PROGRAM DFAS PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Systems of Records § 324.5 General information. (a) The provisions of DoD 5400.11-R, ‘Department of Defense Privacy Program’ (see 32 CFR part 310) apply to all DFAS systems of... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General information. 324.5 Section...
32 CFR 48.501 - General information.
2010-07-01
... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General information. 48.501 Section 48.501 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN RETIRED SERVICEMAN'S FAMILY PROTECTION PLAN Annuity § 48.501 General information. Except as provided...
7 CFR 36.1 - General information.
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General information. 36.1 Section 36.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... GRADE STANDARDS § 36.1 General information. The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS or agency) of the...
Information Engineering and Applications
Ma, Yan; International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2011
2012-01-01
The International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2011 will be held on October 21-24, 2011, in Chongqing, China. It is organized by Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Nanyang Technological University, the University of Michigan, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, and sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. The objective of IEA 2011 is to facilitate an exchange of information on best practices for the latest research advances in the area of information engineering and intelligence applications, which mainly includes computer science and engineering, informatics, communications and control, electrical engineering, information computing, business intelligence and management. IEA 2011 will provide a forum for engineers and scientists in academia, industry, and government to address the most innovative research and development including technical challenges, social and economic issues, and to present and disc...
General Equilibrium Pricing with Information Asymmetry
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yuzhong eZhang
2015-08-01
Full Text Available We propose a general equilibrium model for asset pricing that incorporates asymmetric information as the key element determining security prices. In our setting, the concepts of completeness, arbitrage, state price and equivalent martingale measure are extended to the case of asymmetric information. Our model shows that in a so-called quasi-complete market, the agents with differential information can reach an agreement on an universal equilibrium price. The corresponding state price and martingale measure are determined. The key intuition is that agents evaluate consumption choices conditioned on their private information and the public information generated by price. As a consequence, information asymmetry can lead to mispricing as well.
General Information about Small Cell Lung Cancer
... Cancer Prevention Lung Cancer Screening Research Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Small Cell Lung Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Small ...
General Information about Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
... Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Adult ...
General Information about Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
... Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Adult ...
General Information about Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Chronic ...
General Information About Hairy Cell Leukemia
... ALL Treatment Childhood AML Treatment Research Hairy Cell Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Hairy Cell Leukemia Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Hairy ...
General Information about MRSA in the Community
... Submit What's this? Submit Button General Information About MRSA in the Community Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... MRSA Who Is At Risk, and How Is MRSA Spread In The Community? Anyone can get MRSA ...
General Information about MRSA in Healthcare Settings
... Submit What's this? Submit Button General Information About MRSA in Healthcare Settings Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share ... Problem? Who is at Risk, and How is MRSA Spread in Healthcare Settings? MRSA is usually spread ...
Information science and applications
2015-01-01
This proceedings volume provides a snapshot of the latest issues encountered in technical convergence and convergences of security technology. It explores how information science is core to most current research, industrial and commercial activities and consists of contributions covering topics including Ubiquitous Computing, Networks and Information Systems, Multimedia and Visualization, Middleware and Operating Systems, Security and Privacy, Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, and Web Technology. The proceedings introduce the most recent information technology and ideas, applications and problems related to technology convergence, illustrated through case studies, and reviews converging existing security techniques. Through this volume, readers will gain an understanding of the current state-of-the-art in information strategies and technologies of convergence security. The intended readership are researchers in academia, industry, and other research institutes focusing on ...
GENERALIZED NEKRASOV MATRICES AND APPLICATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Mingxian Pang; Zhuxiang Li
2003-01-01
In this paper, the concept of generalized Nekrasov matrices is introduced, some properties of these matrices are discussed, obtained equivalent representation of generalized diagonally dominant matrices.
Concepts and recent advances in generalized information measures and statistics
Kowalski, Andres M
2013-01-01
Since the introduction of the information measure widely known as Shannon entropy, quantifiers based on information theory and concepts such as entropic forms and statistical complexities have proven to be useful in diverse scientific research fields. This book contains introductory tutorials suitable for the general reader, together with chapters dedicated to the basic concepts of the most frequently employed information measures or quantifiers and their recent applications to different areas, including physics, biology, medicine, economics, communication and social sciences. As these quantif
Generalized Integral Operators and Applications
Bernard, Séverine; Delcroix, Antoine; 10.1017/S0305004106009327
2009-01-01
We extend the theory of distributional kernel operators to a framework of generalized functions, in which they are replaced by integral kernel operators. Moreover, in contrast to the distributional case, we show that these generalized integral operators can be composed unrestrictedly. This leads to the definition of the exponential, and more generally entire functions, of a subclass of such operators.
Generalized Integral Operators and Applications
Bernard, Séverine; Colombeau, Jean-François; Delcroix, Antoine
2005-01-01
We extend the theory of distributional kernel operators to a framework of generalized functions, in which they are replaced by integral kernel operators. Moreover, in contrast to the distributional case, we show that these generalized integral operators can be composed unrestrictedly. This leads to the definition of the exponential, and more generally entire functions, of a subclass of such operators.
General solar energy information user study
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.
1981-03-01
This report describes the results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on general solar energy. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. The report is 1 of 10 discussing study results. The overall study provides baseline data about information needs in the solar community. An earlier study identified the information user groups in the solar community and the priority (to accelerate solar energy commercialization) of getting information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 13 groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: Loan Officers, Real Estate Appraisers, Tax Assessors, Insurers, Lawyers, Utility Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Representatives, Public Interest Group Representatives, Information and Agricultural Specialists at State Cooperative Extension Service Offices, and State Energy Office Representatives. The data will be used as input to the determination of information products and services the Solar Energy Research Institute, the Solar Energy Information Data Bank Network, and the entire information outreach community should be preparing and disseminating.
32 CFR 2800.4 - General information.
2010-07-01
... individual from his employment or criminal prosecution. (k) Special access. Special access authority is... STATES SECURITY PROCEDURES § 2800.4 General information. (a) Staff Security Officer/Top Secret Control... Staff Security Officer will serve as Top Secret Control Officer and Assistant Top Secret Control...
Some physical applications of generalized Lambert functions
Mező, István; Keady, Grant
2015-01-01
In this paper we review the physical applications of the generalized Lambert function recently defined by the first author. Among these applications we mention the eigenstate anomaly of the $H_2^+$ ion, the two dimensional two-body problem in general relativity, the stability analysis of delay differential equations and water-wave applications. We also point out that the inverse Langevin function is nothing else but a specially parametrized generalized Lambert function.
Risks associated with radiation: General information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Employers have a general responsibility to explain occupational risks to their workers. This document has been prepared to assist employers in this task. Employers should inform their workers about radiation risks associated with their work by: identifying the source(s) of radiation exposure; identifying the risk of health effects due to exposure to these sources, including the risk to the embryo and foetus of pregnant female workers; explaining the relationship between regulatory dose limits and the risk of health effects; and, explaining a worker's personal dose in terms of risk. This publication provides basic information on these subjects in a form that is clear and easy to understand. For further information, a list of suggested additional reading is included at the end of the text. (author). 15 refs., 5 tabs., 3 figs
Generalized spins and yours applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The correlation between the colinear SU(6) sub(W,STRONG) group, of classification, builded by Melosh in 1974 inside th Null-Plane formalism, and the static SU(6) group classical of classification of the Flat-Plane formalism which is a chiral SU(6) x SU(6) algebra sub-group of Feynman-Gell-Mann-Zweig, is analized. It is shown that is possible to define the 'static limit', in the weak sense, for the SU(6) sub(W,STRONG). Furthermore, rotational symmetries of the Hamiltonian H=α vector. p vector + mβ + ω(x) (1+β) + Ω(x)α vector. x vector are wanted. It is possible to define, in the Flat-Plane formalism a conserved spin but that dont't one relate with the canonical spin by no unitary transformations. The generalized operator of total angular momentum which is conserved, in the Null-Plane formalism in its 'non-orthogonal' version, is found. A generalized spin, conserved, obtained by a exact Melosh transformation appropriate for the case is also found
Generalized mutual information of quantum critical chains
Alcaraz, F. C.; Rajabpour, M. A.
2015-04-01
We study the generalized mutual information I˜n of the ground state of different critical quantum chains. The generalized mutual information definition that we use is based on the well established concept of the Rényi divergence. We calculate this quantity numerically for several distinct quantum chains having either discrete Z (Q ) symmetries (Q -state Potts model with Q =2 ,3 ,4 and Z (Q ) parafermionic models with Q =5 ,6 ,7 ,8 and also Ashkin-Teller model with different anisotropies) or the U (1 ) continuous symmetries (Klein-Gordon field theory, X X Z and spin-1 Fateev-Zamolodchikov quantum chains with different anisotropies). For the spin chains these calculations were done by expressing the ground-state wave functions in two special bases. Our results indicate some general behavior for particular ranges of values of the parameter n that defines I˜n. For a system, with total size L and subsystem sizes ℓ and L -ℓ , the I˜n has a logarithmic leading behavior given by c/˜n4 log[L/π sin(π/ℓ L ) ] where the coefficient c˜n is linearly dependent on the central charge c of the underlying conformal field theory describing the system's critical properties.
Towards information inequalities for generalized graph entropies.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lavanya Sivakumar
Full Text Available In this article, we discuss the problem of establishing relations between information measures for network structures. Two types of entropy based measures namely, the Shannon entropy and its generalization, the Rényi entropy have been considered for this study. Our main results involve establishing formal relationships, by means of inequalities, between these two kinds of measures. Further, we also state and prove inequalities connecting the classical partition-based graph entropies and partition-independent entropy measures. In addition, several explicit inequalities are derived for special classes of graphs.
Rényi generalizations of the conditional quantum mutual information
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Berta, Mario [Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Seshadreesan, Kaushik P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Hearne Institute for Theoretical Physics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Wilde, Mark M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Hearne Institute for Theoretical Physics, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Center for Computation and Technology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States)
2015-02-15
The conditional quantum mutual information I(A; B|C) of a tripartite state ρ{sub ABC} is an information quantity which lies at the center of many problems in quantum information theory. Three of its main properties are that it is non-negative for any tripartite state, that it decreases under local operations applied to systems A and B, and that it obeys the duality relation I(A; B|C) = I(A; B|D) for a four-party pure state on systems ABCD. The conditional mutual information also underlies the squashed entanglement, an entanglement measure that satisfies all of the axioms desired for an entanglement measure. As such, it has been an open question to find Rényi generalizations of the conditional mutual information, that would allow for a deeper understanding of the original quantity and find applications beyond the traditional memoryless setting of quantum information theory. The present paper addresses this question, by defining different α-Rényi generalizations I{sub α}(A; B|C) of the conditional mutual information, some of which we can prove converge to the conditional mutual information in the limit α → 1. Furthermore, we prove that many of these generalizations satisfy non-negativity, duality, and monotonicity with respect to local operations on one of the systems A or B (with it being left as an open question to prove that monotonicity holds with respect to local operations on both systems). The quantities defined here should find applications in quantum information theory and perhaps even in other areas of physics, but we leave this for future work. We also state a conjecture regarding the monotonicity of the Rényi conditional mutual informations defined here with respect to the Rényi parameter α. We prove that this conjecture is true in some special cases and when α is in a neighborhood of one.
Rényi generalizations of the conditional quantum mutual information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The conditional quantum mutual information I(A; B|C) of a tripartite state ρABC is an information quantity which lies at the center of many problems in quantum information theory. Three of its main properties are that it is non-negative for any tripartite state, that it decreases under local operations applied to systems A and B, and that it obeys the duality relation I(A; B|C) = I(A; B|D) for a four-party pure state on systems ABCD. The conditional mutual information also underlies the squashed entanglement, an entanglement measure that satisfies all of the axioms desired for an entanglement measure. As such, it has been an open question to find Rényi generalizations of the conditional mutual information, that would allow for a deeper understanding of the original quantity and find applications beyond the traditional memoryless setting of quantum information theory. The present paper addresses this question, by defining different α-Rényi generalizations Iα(A; B|C) of the conditional mutual information, some of which we can prove converge to the conditional mutual information in the limit α → 1. Furthermore, we prove that many of these generalizations satisfy non-negativity, duality, and monotonicity with respect to local operations on one of the systems A or B (with it being left as an open question to prove that monotonicity holds with respect to local operations on both systems). The quantities defined here should find applications in quantum information theory and perhaps even in other areas of physics, but we leave this for future work. We also state a conjecture regarding the monotonicity of the Rényi conditional mutual informations defined here with respect to the Rényi parameter α. We prove that this conjecture is true in some special cases and when α is in a neighborhood of one
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This annual report gives a survey of projects supported within the framework of the Matfo and Ma-Tech programs. These projects focus on research into materials for innovative: 1. information technology, 2. energy technology, 3. traffic engineering, 4. medical engineering, and 5. production engineering applications and on 6. general materials research and new fields. The descriptions of individual projects indicate project goals and work schedules, names of important sub-contractors, and total costs and the funds contributed by BMFT. Information added in an annex includes inter alia a list of publications, lectures, contracts, or patents resulting from project activities in the year 1994. (MM)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This annual report gives a survey of projects supported within the framework of the MaTech program. These projects focus on research into materials for innovative: 1. information technology, 2. energy technology, 3. traffic engineering, 4. medical engineering, and 5. production engineering applications and on 6. general materials research and new fields. The descriptions of individual projects indicate project goals and work schedules, names of important sub-contractors, and total costs and the funds contributed by BMFT. Information added in an annex includes inter alia a list of publications, lectures, contracts, or patents resulting from project activities. (MM)
Information applications: Rapporteur summary
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Siegel, S. [National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD (United States)
1990-12-31
An increased level of mathematical sophistication will be needed in the future to be able to handle the spectrum of information as it comes from a broad array of biological systems and other sources. Classification will be an increasingly complex and difficult issue. Several projects that are discussed are being developed by the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), including a directory of risk assessment projects and a directory of exposure information resources.
National information infrastructure applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Forslund, D.; George, J.; Greenfield, J. [and others
1996-07-01
This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). This project sought to develop a telemedical application in which medical records are electronically searched and digital signatures of real CT scan data are indexed and used to characterize a range of diseases and are used to compare on-line medical data with archived clinical data rapidly. This system includes multimedia data management, interactive collaboration, data compression and transmission, remote data storage and retrieval, and automated data analysis integrated in a distributed application between Los Alamos and the National Jewish Hospital.
Application of enterprise information system
Čamborová, Michaela
2012-01-01
APPLICATION OF ENTEPRISE INFORMATION SYSTEM SUMMARY Information systems are used in every profession. From small companies like flower shops to multinational companies like Coca Cola. Information systems are used to help managers make million dollar decisions, to contact clients anywhere around the world, to advertise product and to make accounting and finance operations. The first part of the thesis brings brief introduction of the history and development of information systems. Th...
APPLICATION GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN AVIATION
Mandkhai, Batjil; National Aviation University, Kyiv
2012-01-01
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographically referenced data. A GIS can be thought of as a system—it digitally creates and "manipulates" spatial areas that may be jurisdictional, purpose, or application-oriented. Generally, a GIS is custom-designed for an organization.
40 CFR 451.1 - General applicability.
2010-07-01
... animal production facilities as defined at 40 CFR 122.24 and appendix C of 40 CFR part 122. This part... STANDARDS CONCENTRATED AQUATIC ANIMAL PRODUCTION POINT SOURCE CATEGORY § 451.1 General applicability. As... animals per year in a flow-through, recirculating, net pen or submerged cage system....
40 CFR 432.1 - General Applicability.
2010-07-01
... products for human consumption and/or animal food and feeds. Meat and poultry products for human consumption include meat and poultry from cattle, hogs, sheep, chickens, turkeys, ducks and other fowl as well... STANDARDS MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY § 432.1 General Applicability. As defined...
Generalized functions, convergence structures, and their applications
Pap, Endre; Pilipović, Stevan; Vladimirov, Vasilij; International Conference "Generalized functions, convergence structures and their applications" (GFCA-87)
1988-01-01
This Proceedings consists of a collection of papers presented at the International Conference "Generalized functions, convergence structures and their applications" held from June 23-27, 1987 in Dubrovnik, Yugoslavia (GFCA-87): 71 participants from 21 countr~es from allover the world took part in the Conference. Proceedings reflects the work of the Conference. Plenary lectures of J. Burzyk, J. F. Colombeau, W. Gahler, H. Keiter, H. Komatsu, B. Stankovic, H. G. Tillman, V. S. Vladimirov provide an up-to-date account of the cur rent state of the subject. All these lectures, except H. G. Tillman's, are published in this volume. The published communications give the contemporary problems and achievements in the theory of generalized functions, in the theory of convergence structures and in their applications, specially in the theory of partial differential equations and in the mathematical physics. New approaches to the theory of generalized functions are presented, moti vated by concrete problems of applicat...
Deriving and applying generally applicable safety principles
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Spray, S.D.
1998-08-01
The nuclear detonation safety of modern nuclear weapons depends on a coordinated safety theme incorporating three general safety principles: isolation, inoperability, and incompatibility. The success of this approach has encouraged them to study whether these and/or other principles might be useful in other applications. Not surprisingly, no additional first-principles (based on physical laws) have been identified. However, a more widely applicable definition and application of the principle-based approach has been developed, resulting in a selection of strategies that are basically subsets and varied combinations of the more general principles above. However, identification of principles to be relied on is only one step in providing a safe design. As one other important example, coordinating overall architecture and strategy is essential: the authors term this a safety theme.
Electromagnetic sensors for general lightning application
Baum, C. E.; Breen, E. L.; Onell, J. P.; Moore, C. B.; Sower, G. D.
1980-01-01
Electromagnetic sensors for general lightning applications in measuring environment are discussed as well as system response to the environment. This includes electric and magnetic fields, surface current and charge densities, and currents on conductors. Many EMP sensors are directly applicable to lightning measurements, but there are some special cases of lightning measurements involving direct strikes which require special design considerations for the sensors. The sensors and instrumentation used by NMIMT in collecting data on lightning at South Baldy peak in central New Mexico during the 1978 and 1979 lightning seasons are also discussed. The Langmuir Laboratory facilities and details of the underground shielded instrumentation room and recording equipment are presented.
Quantum Networks: General theory and applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In this work we present a general mathematical framework to deal with Quantum Networks, i.e. networks resulting from the interconnection of elementary quantum circuits. The cornerstone of our approach is a generalization of the Choi isomorphism that allows one to efficiently represent any given Quantum Network in terms of a single positive operator. Our formalism allows one to face and solve many quantum information processing problems that would be hardly manageable otherwise, the most relevant of which are reviewed in this work: quantum process tomography, quantum cloning and learning of transformations, inversion of a unitary gate, information-disturbance tradeoff in estimating a unitary transformation, cloning and learning of a measurement device (Authors)
General Information about Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors
... following PDQ summaries: Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors Treatment Testicular Cancer Treatment Age and gender can affect the risk ... summaries of the latest published information on cancer prevention, detection, genetics, treatment, supportive care, and complementary and ...
Solid electrolytes general principles, characterization, materials, applications
Hagenmuller, Paul
1978-01-01
Solid Electrolytes: General Principles, Characterization, Materials, Applications presents specific theories and experimental methods in the field of superionic conductors. It discusses that high ionic conductivity in solids requires specific structural and energetic conditions. It addresses the problems involved in the study and use of solid electrolytes. Some of the topics covered in the book are the introduction to the theory of solid electrolytes; macroscopic evidence for liquid nature; structural models; kinetic models; crystal structures and fast ionic conduction; interstitial motion in
Towards general information theoretical representations of database problems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Joslyn, C.
1997-06-01
General database systems are described from the General Systems Theoretical (GST) framework. In this context traditional information theoretical (statistical) and general information theoretical (fuzzy measure and set theoretical, possibilistic, and random set theoretical) representations are derived. A preliminary formal framework is introduced.
Client-Controlled Case Information: A General System Theory Perspective
Fitch, Dale
2004-01-01
The author proposes a model for client control of case information via the World Wide Web built on principles of general system theory. It incorporates the client into the design, resulting in an information structure that differs from traditional human services information-sharing practices. Referencing general system theory, the concepts of…
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The Tono Geoscience Center is carrying out the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project (MIU Project), as part of its scientific research program, in Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture. We believe that the public and especially the local residents should have a precise understanding of the MIU project. Therefore, to provide information we have used virtual reality (VR) technology in the project since 1996. Software to introduce both the MIU Project and the geology of the Tono district has been completed. The Tono district is characterized by uranium ore deposits, and by clay deposits which are used by the pottery industry. Software with some amusement value, such as hot spring drilling, has also been completed. We plan further software development of VR technology to increase the feeling of realism. (author)
Generalized Full-Information Item Bifactor Analysis
Cai, Li; Yang, Ji Seung; Hansen, Mark
2011-01-01
Full-information item bifactor analysis is an important statistical method in psychological and educational measurement. Current methods are limited to single-group analysis and inflexible in the types of item response models supported. We propose a flexible multiple-group item bifactor analysis framework that supports a variety of…
General Information about Primary CNS Lymphoma
... immune system or who have had a kidney transplant . For more information about lymphoma in patients with AIDS, see the PDQ summary on AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment . Tests that examine the eyes, brain, and spinal cord are used to detect ( ...
General relativity with applications to astrophysics
Straumann, Norbert
2004-01-01
This text provides a comprehensive and timely introduction to general relativity The foundations of the theory in Part I are thoroughly developed together with the required mathematical background from differential geometry in Part III The six chapters in Part II are devoted to tests of general relativity and to many of its applications Binary pulsars are studied in considerable detail Much space is devoted to the study of compact objects, especially to black holes This includes a detailed derivation of the Kerr solution, Israel's proof of his uniqueness theorem, and derivations of the basic laws of black hole physics The final chapter of this part contains Witten's proof of the positive energy theorem The book addresses undergraduate and graduate students in physics, astrophysics and mathematics It is very well structured and should become a standard text for a modern treatment of gravitational physics The clear presentation of differential geometry makes it also useful for string theory and other fields of ...
Generalized rough sets hybrid structure and applications
Mukherjee, Anjan
2015-01-01
The book introduces the concept of “generalized interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets”. It presents the basic properties of these sets and also, investigates an application of generalized interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets in decision making with respect to interval of degree of preference. The concept of “interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft rough sets” is discussed and interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft rough set based multi criteria group decision making scheme is presented, which refines the primary evaluation of the whole expert group and enables us to select the optimal object in a most reliable manner. The book also details concept of interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type 2. It presents the basic properties of these sets. The book also introduces the concept of “interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft topological space (IVIFS topological space)” together with intuitionistic fuzzy soft open sets (IVIFS open sets) and intuitionistic fuzzy soft cl...
20 CFR 220.142 - General information about work activity.
2010-04-01
... RETIREMENT ACT DETERMINING DISABILITY Substantial Gainful Activity § 220.142 General information about work activity. (a) The nature of the claimant's work. If the claimant's duties require use of the claimant's... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General information about work activity....
47 CFR 76.1602 - Customer service-general information.
2010-10-01
... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Customer service-general information. 76.1602... MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1602 Customer service—general information. (a) A cable franchise authority may enforce the customer service standards set forth in paragraph (b) of...
Generalized mutual information and Tsirelson's bound
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wakakuwa, Eyuri [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Murao, Mio [Institute for Nano Quantum Information Electronics, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
2014-12-04
We introduce a generalization of the quantum mutual information between a classical system and a quantum system into the mutual information between a classical system and a system described by general probabilistic theories. We apply this generalized mutual information (GMI) to a derivation of Tsirelson's bound from information causality, and prove that Tsirelson's bound can be derived from the chain rule of the GMI. By using the GMI, we formulate the 'no-supersignalling condition' (NSS), that the assistance of correlations does not enhance the capability of classical communication. We prove that NSS is never violated in any no-signalling theory.
75 FR 34093 - Information Collection; General Program Administration
2010-06-16
... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; General Program Administration AGENCY: Farm Service Agency... General Program Administration. DATES: We will consider comments that we receive by August 16, 2010...: Farm Loan Programs--General Program Administration (7 CFR part 761). OMB Number: 0560-0238....
75 FR 31702 - General Information on Postal Service
2010-06-04
...) increase the user's ability to find information, (2) increase confidence that users have found all the... 111 General Information on Postal Service AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The... Register as of June 4, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Lizbeth Dobbins (202) 268-3789....
Information theory as a general language for functional systems
Collier, John
2000-05-01
Function refers to a broad family of concepts of varying abstractness and range of application, from a many-one mathematical relation of great generality to, for example, highly specialized roles of designed elements in complex machines such as degaussing in a television set, or contributory processes to control mechanisms in complex metabolic pathways, such as the inhibitory function of the appropriate part of the lac-operon on the production of lactase through its action on the genome in the absence of lactose. We would like a language broad enough, neutral enough, but yet powerful enough to cover all such cases, and at the same time to give a framework form explanation both of the family resemblances and differences. General logic and mathematics are too abstract, but more importantly, too broad, whereas other discourses of function, such as the biological and teleological contexts, are too narrow. Information is especially suited since it is mathematically grounded, but also has a well-known physical interpretation through the Schrodinger/Brillouin Negentropy. Principle of Information, and an engineering or design interpretation through Shannon's communication theory. My main focus will be on the functions of autonomous anticipatory systems, but I will try to demonstrate both the connections between this notion of function and the others, especially to dynamical systems with a physical interpretation on the one side and intentional systems on the other. The former are based in concepts like force, energy and work, while the latter involve notions like representation, control and purpose, traditionally, at least in Modern times, on opposite sides of the Cartesian divide. In principle, information can be reduced to energy, but it has the advantage of being more flexible, and easier to apply to higher level phenomena.
Ellipsoidal shapes in general relativity: general definitions and an application
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
A generalization of the notion of ellipsoids to curved Riemannian spaces is given and the possibility of using it in describing the shapes of rotating bodies in general relativity is examined. As an illustrative example, stationary, axisymmetric perfect-fluid spacetimes with a so-called confocal inside ellipsoidal symmetry are investigated in detail under the assumption that the 4-velocity of the fluid is parallel to a timelike Killing vector field. A class of perfect-fluid metrics representing interior NUT-spacetimes is obtained along with a vacuum solution with a non-zero cosmological constant
PREFACE: Mathematical Aspects of Generalized Entropies and their Applications
Suyari, Hiroki; Ohara, Atsumi; Wada, Tatsuaki
2010-01-01
In the recent increasing interests in power-law behaviors beyond the usual exponential ones, there have been some concrete attempts in statistical physics to generalize the standard Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics. Among such generalizations, nonextensive statistical mechanics has been well studied for about the last two decades with many modifications and refinements. The generalization has provided not only a theoretical framework but also many applications such as chaos, multi-fractal, complex systems, nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, biophysics, econophysics, information theory and so on. At the same time as the developments in the generalization of statistical mechanics, the corresponding mathematical structures have also been required and uncovered. In particular, some deep connections to mathematical sciences such as q-analysis, information geometry, information theory and quantum probability theory have been revealed recently. These results obviously indicate an existence of the generalized mathematical structure including the mathematical framework for the exponential family as a special case, but the whole structure is still unclear. In order to make an opportunity to discuss the mathematical structure induced from generalized entropies by scientists in many fields, the international workshop 'Mathematical Aspects of Generalized Entropies and their Applications' was held on 7-9 July 2009 at Kyoto TERRSA, Kyoto, Japan. This volume is the proceedings of the workshop which consisted of 6 invited speakers, 14 oral presenters, 7 poster presenters and 63 other participants. The topics of the workshop cover the nonextensive statistical mechanics, chaos, cosmology, information geometry, divergence theory, econophysics, materials engineering, molecular dynamics and entropy theory, information theory and so on. The workshop was organized as the first attempt to discuss these mathematical aspects with leading experts in each area. We would like to express special
The Application of the New General Business Accounting Plan
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Augusto Lam Wong
2010-06-01
Full Text Available Accounting provides information for making decisions of many economic agents specially the accounting records that have their basis on the organized language called the accounting plan. Until 1973, in Peru, every company prepared its accounting plan according to its information necessities which provoked a variety of words, many with lots of analytical accounts and other general ones. It’s in this situation that the First General Accounting Plan was approved and its mandatory implementation started on January 1st 1974 until 1984, and then it was changed by the General Accounting Plan (PCGR the one that is used until now. However, now its use doesn’t have any relationship with the International Financial Reporting Standars (NIIF, which are a support for the financial estate in our country. For that reason we approved the version of General Accounting Business Plan (PCGE, the one that is going to be considered on January 1st 2011. The objective of the following article is to announce the effects of the application in some of the private organizations from this new Accounting Business Plan (PCGE in relation to the General Accounting Plan.
General Information about Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
... Prevention Lung Cancer Screening Research Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Non- ...
A general algorithm for distributing information in a graph
Aji, Srinivas M.; McEliece, Robert J.
1997-01-01
We present a general “message-passing” algorithm for distributing information in a graph. This algorithm may help us to understand the approximate correctness of both the Gallager-Tanner-Wiberg algorithm, and the turbo-decoding algorithm.
An airfoil for general aviation applications
Selig, Michael S.; Maughmer, Mark D.; Somers, Dan M.
1990-01-01
A new airfoil, the NLF(1)-0115, has been recently designed at the NASA Langley Research Center for use in general-aviation applications. During the development of this airfoil, special emphasis was placed on experiences and observations gleaned from other successful general-aviation airfoils. For example, the flight lift-coefficient range is the same as that of the turbulent-flow NACA 23015 airfoil. Also, although beneficial for reducing drag and having large amounts of lift, the NLF(1)-0115 avoids the use of aft loading which can lead to large stick forces if utilized on portions of the wing having ailerons. Furthermore, not using aft loading eliminates the concern that the high pitching-moment coefficient generated by such airfoils can result in large trim drags if cruise flaps are not employed. The NASA NLF(1)-0115 has a thickness of 15 percent. It is designed primarily for general-aviation aircraft with wing loadings of 718 to 958 N/sq m (15 to 20 lb/sq ft). Low profile drag as a result of laminar flow is obtained over the range from c sub l = 0.1 and R = 9x10(exp 6) (the cruise condition) to c sub l = 0.6 and R = 4 x 10(exp 6) (the climb condition). While this airfoil can be used with flaps, it is designed to achieve c(sub l, max) = 1.5 at R = 2.6 x 10(exp 6) without flaps. The zero-lift pitching moment is held at c sub m sub o = 0.055. The hinge moment for a .20c aileron is fixed at a value equal to that of the NACA 63 sub 2-215 airfoil, c sub h = 0.00216. The loss in c (sub l, max) due to leading edge roughness, rain, or insects at R = 2.6 x 10 (exp 6) is 11 percent as compared with 14 percent for the NACA 23015.
Information technology in medical education: current and future applications.
Mooney, G. A.; Bligh, J G
1997-01-01
Information technology has the potential to revolutionise the way medicine is learned by students and healthcare professionals. This potential was recognised by the General Medical Council in their 1993 report Tomorrow's doctors in which the need for future generations of doctors to be familiar with the application and scope of information technology is described. This paper focuses on the use of computers as aids to learning medicine and discusses two key applications of information technolo...
Real Option Applications to Information Security
Pythagoras PETRATOS
2008-01-01
Real options present advantages over the standard discounting methods. In this paper we analyze them briefly and examine their potential applications on information security. The applications of real options on valuation of information assets, information security investment and capital budgeting provide considerable benefits. Finally portfolios of real options and other financial products can reduce information security risk.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
2004-05-01
This information report deals with the advantages of the bio-fuels as a renewable energy source: the incentive legislation and the implementation in Europe, some encouraging results and the measures offered for a more voluntarist action in favor of the bio-fuels development. (A.L.B.)
On general systems with randomly occurring incomplete information
Z. Wang; Hu, J.; Dong, H.
2016-01-01
In the system and control community, the incomplete information is generally regarded as the results of (1) our limited knowledge in modelling real-world systems; and (2) the physical constraints on the devices for collecting, transmitting, storing and processing information. In terms of system modelling, the incomplete information typically includes the parameter uncertainties and norm-bounded non-linearities that occur with certain bounds. As for the physical constraints, two well-...
A generalized model via random walks for information filtering
Ren, Zhuo-Ming; Kong, Yixiu; Shang, Ming-Sheng; Zhang, Yi-Cheng
2016-08-01
There could exist a simple general mechanism lurking beneath collaborative filtering and interdisciplinary physics approaches which have been successfully applied to online E-commerce platforms. Motivated by this idea, we propose a generalized model employing the dynamics of the random walk in the bipartite networks. Taking into account the degree information, the proposed generalized model could deduce the collaborative filtering, interdisciplinary physics approaches and even the enormous expansion of them. Furthermore, we analyze the generalized model with single and hybrid of degree information on the process of random walk in bipartite networks, and propose a possible strategy by using the hybrid degree information for different popular objects to toward promising precision of the recommendation.
On generalized Sobolev algebras and their applications.
Bernard, Séverine; Paul Nuiro, Silvère
2005-01-01
In the last two decades, many algebras of generalized functions have been constructed, particularly the so-called generalized Sobolev algebras. Our goal is to study the latter and some of their main properties. In this framework, we pose and solve a nonlinear degenerated Dirichlet problem with irregular data such as Dirac generalized functions.
APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR MONITORING BRIDGEWORK CONDITIONS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. E. Gusev
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The paper considers а variant of database technologies’ application in transport communication sphere, particularly, for introduction of integrated methodology for evaluation of technical and operational conditions of bridgeworks on motor roads of general usage. Information technologies’ application helps to prevent emergency and pre-emergency conditions of bridgeworks and provides optimal investment allocation in the sphere of transport communication.
A generalized frontogenesis function and its application
Yang, Shuai; Gao, Shouting; Lu, Chungu
2014-09-01
With the definition of generalized potential temperature, a new generalized frontogenesis function, which is expressed as the Lagrangian change rate of the magnitude of the horizontal generalized potential temperature gradient, is derived. Such a frontogenesis function is more appropriate for a real moist atmosphere because it can reflect frontogenesis processes, in which the atmosphere in a frontal zone is typically characterized by neither completely dry nor uniform saturation. Furthermore, by derivation, the expression of generalized frontogenesis function includes both temperature and humidity gradients, which is different from and superior to the traditional frontogenesis function in moist processes, which also uses equivalent potential temperature. Diagnostic studies of real cases are performed and show that the generalized frontogenesis function in non-uniformly saturated moist atmosphere indeed provides a useful tool for frontogenesis, compared to using the traditional frontogenesis function. The new frontogenesis function can be used in situations involving either a strong temperature or moisture gradient and is closely correlated with precipitation.
Informed generalized sidelobe canceler utilizing sparsity of speech signals
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Málek, J.; Koldovský, Zbyněk; Gannot, S.; Tichavský, Petr
Piscataway, USA : IEEE, 2013. ISBN 978-1-4799-1178-3. [IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing. Southampton (GB), 22.09.2013-25.09.2013] Grant ostatní: GA ČR(CZ) GAP103/11/1947 Keywords : noise extraction * speech enhancement * generalized sidelobe canceler Subject RIV: BI - Acoustics http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2013/SI/tichavsky-informed generalized sidelobe canceler utilizing sparsity of speech signals.pdf
Nonlinear image processing based on optimization of generalized information methods
Bajkova, Anisa T.
2002-01-01
A range of nonlinear image reconstruction procedures based on extremizing the generalized Shannon entropy, Kullback-Leibler cross-entropy and Renyi information measures and proposed by the author in early papers is presented. The ``generalization'' assumes search for the solution over the space of real bipolar or complex functions. Such an approach allows, first, to reconstruct signals of any type and physical nature and, secondly, to decrease nonlinear intensity image distortions caused by m...
Testing Information Causality for General Quantum Communication Protocols
Yu, I-Ching
2015-01-01
Information causality was proposed as a physical principle to put upper bound on the accessible information gain in a physical bi-partite communication scheme. Intuitively, the information gain cannot be larger than the amount of classical communication to avoid violation of causality. Moreover, it was shown that this bound is consistent with the Tsirelson bound for the binary quantum systems. In this paper, we test the information causality for the more general (non-binary) quantum communication schemes. In order to apply the semi-definite programming method to find the maximal information gain, we only consider the schemes in which the information gain is monotonically related to the Bell-type functions, i.e., the generalization of CHSH functions for Bell inequalities in a binary schemes. We determine these Bell-type functions by using the signal decay theorem. Our results support the proposal of information causality. We also find the maximal information gain by numerical brute-force method for the most ge...
Securing information resources using web application firewalls
Baranov, P. A.; BEYBUTOV E.R.
2015-01-01
This paper provides an overview of core technologies implemented by comparably new products on the information security market web application firewalls. Web applications are a very widely-used and convenient way of presenting remote users with access to corporate information resources. They can, however, become single point of failure rendering all the information infrastructure inaccessible to legitimate clients. To prevent malicious access attempts to endpoint information resources and, in...
Ionization applications in food industry - Generalities
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper outlines different applications of the ionization in food treatments and their purposes. Irradiation of food with low doses (below 1 kgy) is used for germination inhibition, insects sterilization, disinfestation and senescence delays. Applications with medium doses (from 1 to 10 kgy) are used for extension of shelf life, elimination of pathogenic microorganisms and improving technological properties. Applications with high doses (superior to 10 Kgy) are used for food sterilization, only in some specific cases. Necessary doses in various applications of food ionization are given as well as minimal doses for food sterilization. In some cases where treatment of food by only ionization do not permit to attain the fixed object, ionizing treatment is combined with an other type of treatment as: refrigeration, heat treatments, packing, dehydration and chemical treatments. 3 tabs., 5 refs. (F.M.)
Management of bibliographic information by Dutch researchers in general practice
Verhoeven, AAH; Jong, BMD
1997-01-01
Background. As a result of changes in information technology and the rapid growth of publications methods of searching the literature have changed. Systematic searching of the growing literature has become very important. It is not known whether researchers in general practice search systematically,
A General Symbolic Method with Physical Applications
Smith, G M
2000-01-01
A solution to the problem of unifying the General Relativistic and Quantum Theoretical formalisms is given which introduces a new non-axiomatic symbolic method and an algebraic generalization of the Calculus to non-finite symbolisms without reference to the concept of a limit. An essential feature of the non-axiomatic method is the inadequacy of any (finite) statements: Identifying this aspect of the theory with the "existence of an external physical reality" both allows for the consistency of the method with the results of experiments and avoids the so-called "measurement problem" of quantum theory.
GENERALIZED FRESNEL DIFFRACTION INTEGRAL AND ITS APPLICATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YANG JUN; FAN DIAN-YUAN; WANG SHI-JI; GU YUAN
2000-01-01
Within the generalized definition of ABCDGH matrices, the conventional ABCDGH diffraction integral is ex-tended for a misaligned complex paraxial system with a curved optical axis. On this basis the transformation lawfor Gaussian-Schell model beams through an ABCDGH systems is derived, the propagation behavior of the mutualcoherence function through ABCDGH systems in the presence of random media is investigated as well.
2011-06-29
... methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES...: 126,870. Responses per Respondent: 1.36. Total Responses: 172,500 Hours Per Response: .399 Total... ADMINISTRATION Information Collection; General Services Administration; Information Specific to a Contract...
General Linearized Polynomial Interpolation and Its Applications
Xie, Hongmei; Suter, Bruce W
2011-01-01
In this paper, we first propose a general interpolation algorithm in a free module of a linearized polynomial ring, and then apply this algorithm to decode several important families of codes, Gabidulin codes, KK codes and MV codes. Our decoding algorithm for Gabidulin codes is different from the polynomial reconstruction algorithm by Loidreau. When applied to decode KK codes, our interpolation algorithm is equivalent to the Sudan-style list-1 decoding algorithm proposed by K/"otter and Kschischang for KK codes. The general interpolation approach is also capable of solving the interpolation problem for the list decoding of MV codes proposed by Mahdavifar and Vardy, and has a lower complexity than solving linear equations.
12 CFR 627.2700 - General-applicability.
2010-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General-applicability. 627.2700 Section 627.2700 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM TITLE IV CONSERVATORS, RECEIVERS, AND VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATIONS General § 627.2700 General—applicability. The provisions of this part...
Applications of generalized special functions in stellar astrophysics
Hans J. Haubold; Mathai, Arak Mathai
1993-01-01
This article gives an brief outline of the applications of generalized special functions such as generalized hypergeometric functions, G-functions and H-functions into the general area of nuclear energy generation and reaction rate theory such as the energy generation in a simple stellar model and nuclear reaction rates in non-resonant and resonant as well as screened non-resonant
Image encryption using random sequence generated from generalized information domain
Xia-Yan, Zhang; Guo-Ji, Zhang; Xuan, Li; Ya-Zhou, Ren; Jie-Hua, Wu
2016-05-01
A novel image encryption method based on the random sequence generated from the generalized information domain and permutation–diffusion architecture is proposed. The random sequence is generated by reconstruction from the generalized information file and discrete trajectory extraction from the data stream. The trajectory address sequence is used to generate a P-box to shuffle the plain image while random sequences are treated as keystreams. A new factor called drift factor is employed to accelerate and enhance the performance of the random sequence generator. An initial value is introduced to make the encryption method an approximately one-time pad. Experimental results show that the random sequences pass the NIST statistical test with a high ratio and extensive analysis demonstrates that the new encryption scheme has superior security.
Generalized Secure Distributed Source Coding with Side Information
Salimi, Somayeh; Aref, Mohammad Reza
2010-01-01
In this paper, new inner and outer bounds on the achievable compression-equivocation rate region for generalized secure data compression with side information are given that do not match in general. In this setup, two senders, Alice and Charlie intend to transmit information to Bob via channels with limited capacity so that he can reliably reconstruct their observations. The eavesdropper, Eve, has access to one of the channels at each instant and is interested in the source of the same channel at the time. Bob and Eve also have their own observations which are correlated with Alice's and Charlie's observations. In this model, two equivocation and compression rates are defined with respect to the sources of Alice and Charlie. Furthermore, different special cases are discussed where the inner and outer bounds match. Our model covers the previously obtained results as well.
Information system for continuing airworthiness management of general aviation aircraft
Kuokkanen, Jaakko
2014-01-01
A software house Oy Fision Ltd decided to develop a custom information system to help in continuing airworthiness management of general aviation aircraft. The project was put in motion as a master’s thesis project by the author. Helicopter continuing airworthiness management and maintenance company Helitech Oy became a partner in the project. The paper starts by introducing regulations for continuing airworthiness management and requirements due to the regulations in daily work of a conti...
Thermofield qubits, generalized expectations and quantum information protocols
Prudencio, T.; Filho, T. M. Rocha; Santana, A. E.
2014-01-01
Thermofield dynamics (TFD) approach is a real time quantum field method for dealing with finite temperature quantum states in a purified version of usual density operator formalism at finite temperature. In the domain of quantum information, TFD represents a quite promising direction for dealing with qubits under thermal influence and can also be associated to Gaussian states. Here, we propose a generalized TFD mean expectation for the case of thermofield qubits considering the action of gate...
18 CFR 157.6 - Applications; general requirements.
2010-04-01
..., Sales, Service, Construction, Extension, Acquisition or Abandonment § 157.6 Applications; general...) Applications filed under this part 157 and all attached exhibits; (ii) Applications covering acquisitions and... copies and in the electronic filing are true to the best knowledge and belief of the signer; and...
Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications
Park, Young-Ho; Hsu, Ching-Hsien; Park, James
2014-01-01
The theme of CUTE is focused on the various aspects of ubiquitous computing for advances in ubiquitous computing and provides an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in the area of ubiquitous computing. Therefore this book will be include the various theories and practical applications in ubiquitous computing
General Equilibrium Model with Information Asymmetry and Commodity-Information Technologies
Ken Urai; Akihiko Yoshimachi; Kohei Shiozawa
2014-01-01
In this paper, we investigate a new concept of a market's commodity-information structure (a partition of the set of real goods that are treated as one commodity for market exchanges) and technologies relat- ing to it, commodity-information technologies. Using this concept, we can always affirmatively answer the market viability problem, concerning the existence of general equilibrium even when information asymmetry among agents such as adverse selection prevails in the economy. Some Pareto-o...
Applications of information theory to computer graphics
Sbert Cassasayas, Mateu; Feixas, Miquel; Rigau, Jaume; Castro, Francesc; Vázquez Alcocer, Pere Pau
2002-01-01
We present in this talk several applications of Information Theory concepts to Computer Graphics. Mutual information will be applied to Radiosity to obtain the better scene discretization. The concept of entropy will be applied to adaptive pixel supersampling, to RandomWalk Radiosity, and to selection of best view points. Best view point selection has applications to scene exploration, image based rendering and molecular visualization.
Spectral distribution in nuclei: general principles and applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The subject of spectral distribution methods where one derives and applies the locally smoothed forms of observables in nuclei is briefly reviewed. It is well understood that the local forms (with respect to energy) of the level density function, expectation values and strength densities are Gaussian, linear (or ratio of Gaussians) and a bivariate Gaussian respectively. To accomodate symmetries in the above forms, one has to deal with multivariate distributions in general; for example the angular-momentum (J) decomposition leads to a bivariate Gaussian form for the level density. These results extend to indefinitely large spaces by method of partitioning and they generate convolution forms. The origin of these remarkable spectral properties is discussed and shell model examples are given to substantiate their applicability to nuclear systems. Spectral distribution theory is a practical, usable theory because the smoothed forms are defined in terms of traces of low particle-rank operators, and the trace information propagates. Finally the application of the spectral methods for a wide range of nuclear problems is discussed; these include binding energies, orbit occupancies , electromagnetic and β-decay sum rule quantities, analysis of operators, symmetry breaking, numerical level densities, and determination of bounds on time-reversal non-invariant part of nucleon-nucleon interaction. (author). 11 figs., 159 refs
The Application of the New General Business Accounting Plan
Augusto Lam Wong
2010-01-01
Accounting provides information for making decisions of many economic agents specially the accounting records that have their basis on the organized language called the accounting plan. Until 1973, in Peru, every company prepared its accounting plan according to its information necessities which provoked a variety of words, many with lots of analytical accounts and other general ones. It’s in this situation that the First General Accounting Plan was approved and its mandatory implementation s...
Applications of Machine Learning in Information Retrieval.
Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H.; Littin, James
1999-01-01
Introduces the basic ideas that underpin applications of machine learning to information retrieval. Describes applications of machine learning to text categorization. Considers how machine learning can be applied to the query-formulation process. Examines methods of document filtering, where the user specifies a query that is to be applied to an…
Information Technology Applications to Maintenance Management
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Abdul Raouf S.I.
2003-01-01
Application of IT (Information Technology) to equipment management have not been ade-quately made. A system using Benefit Evaluation Ladder is described for evaluating the need for IT ap-plications to maintenance management. A systematic evaluation scheme for Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) is presented.
Generalized calculus with applications to matter and forces
Campos, L M B C
2014-01-01
Combining mathematical theory, physical principles, and engineering problems, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces examines generalized functions, including the Heaviside unit jump and the Dirac unit impulse and its derivatives of all orders, in one and several dimensions. The text introduces the two main approaches to generalized functions: (1) as a nonuniform limit of a family of ordinary functions, and (2) as a functional over a set of test functions from which properties are inherited. The second approach is developed more extensively to encompass multidimensional generalized functions whose arguments are ordinary functions of several variables. As part of a series of books for engineers and scientists exploring advanced mathematics, Generalized Calculus with Applications to Matter and Forces presents generalized functions from an applied point of view, tackling problem classes such as: •Gauss and Stokes’ theorems in the differential geometry, tensor calculus, and theory of ...
Application of GIS to Geological Information Extraction
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
GIS. a powerful tool for processing spatial data, is advantageous in its spatial overlaying. In this paper, GIS is applied to the extraction of geological information. Information associated with mineral resources is chosen to delineate the geo-anomalies, the basis of ore-forming anomalies and of mineral-deposit location. This application is illustrated with an example in Weixi area, Yunnan Province.
Generalized Information Equilibrium Approaches to EEG Sleep Stage Discrimination
Smith, Jason
2016-01-01
Recent advances in neuroscience have raised the hypothesis that the underlying pattern of neuronal activation which results in electroencephalography (EEG) signals is via power-law distributed neuronal avalanches, while EEG signals are nonstationary. Therefore, spectral analysis of EEG may miss many properties inherent in such signals. A complete understanding of such dynamical systems requires knowledge of the underlying nonequilibrium thermodynamics. In recent work by Fielitz and Borchardt (2011, 2014), the concept of information equilibrium (IE) in information transfer processes has successfully characterized many different systems far from thermodynamic equilibrium. We utilized a publicly available database of polysomnogram EEG data from fourteen subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 2 and waking and an overlapping set of eleven subjects with eight different one-minute tracings of sleep stage 3. We applied principles of IE to model EEG as a system that transfers (equilibrates) information from the time domain to scalp-recorded voltages. We find that waking consciousness is readily distinguished from sleep stages 2 and 3 by several differences in mean information transfer constants. Principles of IE applied to EEG may therefore prove to be useful in the study of changes in brain function more generally. PMID:27516806
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
'Risk information navigator (http://www.ricotti.jp/risknavi/)', an internet tool for arousing public interest and fostering people's risk literacy, has been developed as the contents for the official website of Techno Community Square 'RICOTTI' (http://www.ricotti.jp) at TOKAI village. In this report we classified the risk information into the fields, Health/Daily Life', 'Society/Crime/Disaster' and Technology/Environment/Energy', for the internet tool contents. According to these categories we discussed a method for providing various risk information on general fields by linking with the information on nuclear field. The web contents are attached to this report with the CD-R media. (author)
Generalized polyphase representation and application to coding gain enhancement
Soman, Anand K.; Vaidyanathan, P.P.
1994-01-01
Generalized polyphase representations (GPP) have been mentioned in literature in the context of several applications. In this paper, we provide a characterization for what constitutes a valid GPP. Then, we study an application of GPP, namely in improving the coding gains of transform coding systems. We also prove several properties of the GPP.
Golf Instruction. An Application of Schmidt's Generalized Motor Program.
Asbell, Ann C.
1989-01-01
This article describes how application of the generalized motor program, conceptualized by Schmidt, can yield consistent and effective results when teaching students the golf swing. Specific teaching suggestions are given and a brief discussion of the applicability of this program to tennis and swimming is included. (JAH)
Generalized Linear Models with Applications in Engineering and the Sciences
Myers, Raymond H; Vining, G Geoffrey; Robinson, Timothy J
2012-01-01
Praise for the First Edition "The obvious enthusiasm of Myers, Montgomery, and Vining and their reliance on their many examples as a major focus of their pedagogy make Generalized Linear Models a joy to read. Every statistician working in any area of applied science should buy it and experience the excitement of these new approaches to familiar activities."-Technometrics Generalized Linear Models: With Applications in Engineering and the Sciences, Second Edition continues to provide a clear introduction to the theoretical foundations and key applications of generalized linear models (GLMs). Ma
International Conference on Information Science and Applications
Joukov, Nikolai
2016-01-01
This book contains selected papers from the 7th International Conference on Information Science and Applications (ICISA 2016) and provides a snapshot of the latest issues encountered in technical convergence and convergences of security technology. It explores how information science is core to most current research, industrial and commercial activities and consists of contributions covering topics including Ubiquitous Computing, Networks and Information Systems, Multimedia and Visualization, Middleware and Operating Systems, Security and Privacy, Data Mining and Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, and Web Technology. The contributions describe the most recent developments in information technology and ideas, applications and problems related to technology convergence, illustrated through case studies, and reviews converging existing security techniques. Through this volume, readers will gain an understanding of the current state-of-the-art information strategies and technologies of convergence sec...
Managing Event Information Modeling, Retrieval, and Applications
Gupta, Amarnath
2011-01-01
With the proliferation of citizen reporting, smart mobile devices, and social media, an increasing number of people are beginning to generate information about events they observe and participate in. A significant fraction of this information contains multimedia data to share the experience with their audience. A systematic information modeling and management framework is necessary to capture this widely heterogeneous, schemaless, potentially humongous information produced by many different people. This book is an attempt to examine the modeling, storage, querying, and applications of such an
Informing General CSCW Product Development through Cooperative Design in Specific Work Domains
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Grønbæk, Kaj; Mogensen, Preben Holst
1997-01-01
Cooperative analysis and design is often considered only to be applicable in settings where a system is being developed solely for the ’user‘ participants in the process. This paper, however, argues that there are quite good prospects in applying cooperative analysis and design techniques in...... specific use settings to inform development of general CSCW products. We describe and discuss the application of cooperative – i.e., participatory – analysis and design techniques in a project developing a general cooperative hypermedia framework as well as specific hypermedia applications to support...... sharing of materials in the engineering domain. In our project, a single engineering company (Great Belt Link Ltd.) was chosen as the user organization. The paper summarizes the process from observational studies, over a future workshop and cooperative prototyping activities, to a pilot installation. We...
Satellite information for wind energy applications
Nielsen, M.; Astrup, Poul; Hasager, Charlotte Bay; R. J. Barthelmie; S. C. Pryor
2004-01-01
An introduction to satellite information relevant for wind energy applications is given. It includes digital elevation model (DEM) data based on satellite observations. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is useful for regional scale wind resourcestudies. Comparison results from complex terrain in Spain and flat terrain in Denmark are found to be acceptable for both sites. Also land cover type information can be retrieved from satellite observations. Land cover type maps have to be co...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mu-Hsuan Huang
2007-12-01
Full Text Available This study used bibliometric methods to analyze subject disciplines of knowledge originality and knowledge generality for Library and Information Science (LIS by using citing and cited documents from 1997 to 2006. We found that the major subject disciplines of knowledge originality and generality are still LIS, and computer science and LIS interact and influence each other closely. It is evident that number of subject disciplines of knowledge originality is higher than that of knowledge generality. The interdisciplinary characteristics of LIS are illustrated by variety areas of knowledge originality and knowledge generality. Because the number of received subject disciplines is higher than that of given subject disciplines, it suggests that LIS is an application-oriented research area. [Article content in Chinese
Urban Traffic Information Service Application Grid
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chang-Jun Jiang; Yang Luo; An-Qing Zhou; Lin Chen; Lei Liu; Zhao-Hui Zhang; Guo-Sun Zeng; Hong-Zhong Chen; Duo-Qian Miao; Yu Fang; Xiao-Feng Tao; Qing Zhi; Feng Yue
2005-01-01
Traffic information processing is very complicated because of dynamic, cooperative and distributed features. This paper describes the prototype system version 2.0 of Urban Traffic Information Service Application Grid (UTISAG),which is based on the previous version. In this version, a new architecture and more enhanced services are introduced.The remarkable characteristic of the new system is providing dynamic information services for travelers by grid technology. Therefore, the key research includes integrating large multi-source traffic data, forecasting route status, simulating regional traffic flow parallelly, and implementing optimum dynamic travel scheme based on massive GPS data.
On generalized Clifford algebras and their physical applications
Jagannathan, R.
2010-01-01
Generalized Clifford algebras (GCAs) and their physical applications were extensively studied for about a decade from 1967 by Alladi Ramakrishnan and his collaborators under the name of L-matrix theory. Some aspects of GCAs and their physical applications are outlined here. The topics dealt with include: GCAs and projective representations of finite abelian groups, Alladi Ramakrishnan's sigma operation approach to the representation theory of Clifford algebra and GCAs, Dirac's positive energy...
Temporal information processing technology and its applications
Tang, Yong; Tang, Na
2011-01-01
Presenting a systematic introduction to temporal model and time calculation, this volume explores temporal information processing technology and its applications. Topics include the time model in terms of calculus and logic, temporal data models and database concepts, temporal query language, and more.
44 CFR 80.13 - Application information.
2010-10-01
... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application information. 80.13 Section 80.13 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT... deed restriction language, which shall be consistent with the FEMA model deed restriction that...
Generalized variational procedure: an application to nonperturbative QCD
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
We present a generalized variational procedure oriented to the algebraic solution of many-body Hamiltonians expressed in bosonic and fermionic variables. The method specializes in the nonperturbative regime of the solutions. As an example, we focus on the application of the method to nonperturbative QCD. (author)
On the generalization some intgeral inequalities and their applications
Sarikaya, M Z
2010-01-01
In this paper, a general integral identity for convex functions is derived. Then, we establish new some inequalities of the Simpson and the Hermite-Hadamard's type for functions whose absolute values of derivatives are convex. Some applications for special means of real numbers are also provided.
On generalization of an integral inequality and its applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ghulam Farid
2015-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we give generalization of an integral inequality. We find its applications in fractional calculus by involving different kinds of fractional integral operators, for example Riemann–Liouville fractional integral, Caputo fractional derivative, Canavati fractional derivative and Widder derivative, Saigo fractional integral operator, etc.
A generalized transmultiplexer and its application to mobile satellite communications
Ichiyoshi, Osamu
1990-01-01
A generalization of digital transmultiplexer technology is presented. The proposed method can realize transmultiplexer (TMUX) and transdemultiplexer (TDUX) filter banks whose element filters have bandwidths greater than the channel spacing frequency. This feature is useful in many communications applications. As an example, a satellite switched (SS) Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) system is proposed for spot beam satellite communications, particularly for mobile satellite communications.
Fluorine Compounds and Dental Health: Applications of General Chemistry Topics
Pinto, Gabriel
2009-01-01
An example about the use of everyday phenomena in teaching general chemistry is given. Students have a greater appreciation of the principles of chemistry if they can see the relevance to their lives. Fluorine compounds in dental applications (as topical or as systemic use) provide an excellent context in which to review core content of general…
Kinetic simulations in plasmas: a general view and some applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
In these lecture notes we talk about kinetic simulations plasma physics. We present a general view of the different approach that can be given to kinetic plasmas depending on the physical problem to be investigated. Some applications of kinetic simulations to space plasma phenomena and Pierce electrodes are introduced. (author)
Afonso, Juan Carlos; Zlotnik, Sergio; Díez, Pedro
2015-10-01
We present a flexible, general, and efficient approach for implementing thermodynamic phase equilibria information (in the form of sets of physical parameters) into geophysical and geodynamic studies. The approach is based on Tensor Rank Decomposition methods, which transform the original multidimensional discrete information into a separated representation that contains significantly fewer terms, thus drastically reducing the amount of information to be stored in memory during a numerical simulation or geophysical inversion. Accordingly, the amount and resolution of the thermodynamic information that can be used in a simulation or inversion increases substantially. In addition, the method is independent of the actual software used to obtain the primary thermodynamic information, and therefore, it can be used in conjunction with any thermodynamic modeling program and/or database. Also, the errors associated with the decomposition procedure are readily controlled by the user, depending on her/his actual needs (e.g., preliminary runs versus full resolution runs). We illustrate the benefits, generality, and applicability of our approach with several examples of practical interest for both geodynamic modeling and geophysical inversion/modeling. Our results demonstrate that the proposed method is a competitive and attractive candidate for implementing thermodynamic constraints into a broad range of geophysical and geodynamic studies. MATLAB implementations of the method and examples are provided as supporting information and can be downloaded from the journal's website.
Yilmaz, Ferkan
2011-11-01
In this paper, in contrast to the relay selection protocols available in the literature, we propose a partial relay selection protocol utilizing only the shadowing side information of the relays instead of their full channel side information in order to select a relay in a dual-hop relaying system through the available limited feedback channels and power budget. We then presented an exact unified performance expression combining the average bit error probability, ergodic capacity, and moments-generating function of the proposed partial relay selection over generalized fading channels. Referring to the unified performance expression introduced in [1], we explicitly offer a generic unified performance expression that can be easily calculated and that is applicable to a wide variety of fading scenarios. Finally, as an illustration of the mathematical formalism, some numerical and simulation results are generated for an extended generalized-K fading environment, and these numerical and simulation results are shown to be in perfect agreement. © 2011 IEEE.
Stable and generalized-t distributions and applications
Rathie, P. N.; Coutinho, M.; Sousa, T. R.; Rodrigues, G. S.; Carrijo, T. B.
2012-12-01
In this paper a generalized-t distribution is introduced and used as an alternative to the symmetric stable distribution. To do so, the χ2-divergence is presented and minimized to approximate the symmetric stable distribution, as accurately as possible, by the generalized-t distribution. Kth moments for the generalized-t distribution function are given. The stable distribution is defined in terms of generalized hypergeometric functions. Five applications with natural data (sunspots activity), and financial data (stock exchange in Brazil, South Africa and Venezuela, and daily variation of Petrobras stock market) are analyzed. A time series analysis is used to eliminate data correlation in each data set, and then the distributions are used to fit the residuals of these models.
Initialization, conceptualization, and application in the generalized (fractional) calculus.
Lorenzo, Carl F; Hartley, Tom T
2007-01-01
This paper provides a formalized basis for initialization in the fractional calculus. The intent is to make the fractional calculus readily accessible to engineering and the sciences. A modified set of definitions for the fractional calculus is provided which formally include the effects of initialization. Conceptualizations of fractional derivatives and integrals are shown. Physical examples of the basic elements from electronics are presented along with examples from dynamics, material science, viscoelasticity, filtering, instrumentation, and electrochemistry to indicate the broad application of the theory and to demonstrate the use of the mathematics. The fundamental criteria for a generalized calculus established by Ross (1974) are shown to hold for the generalized fractional calculus under appropriate conditions. A new generalized form for the Laplace transform of the generalized differintegral is derived. The concept of a variable structure (order) differintegral is presented along with initial efforts toward meaningful definitions. PMID:19583533
Intitialization, Conceptualization, and Application in the Generalized Fractional Calculus
Lorenzo, Carl F.; Hartley, Tom T.
1998-01-01
This paper provides a formalized basis for initialization in the fractional calculus. The intent is to make the fractional calculus readily accessible to engineering and the sciences. A modified set of definitions for the fractional calculus is provided which formally include the effects of initialization. Conceptualizations of fractional derivatives and integrals are shown. Physical examples of the basic elements from electronics are presented along with examples from dynamics, material science, viscoelasticity, filtering, instrumentation, and electrochemistry to indicate the broad application of the theory and to demonstrate the use of the mathematics. The fundamental criteria for a generalized calculus established by Ross (1974) are shown to hold for the generalized fractional calculus under appropriate conditions. A new generalized form for the Laplace transform of the generalized differintegral is derived. The concept of a variable structure (order) differintegral is presented along with initial efforts toward meaningful definitions.
Satellite information for wind energy applications
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, M.; Astrup, Poul; Hasager, Charlotte Bay;
2004-01-01
aid to map larger regions within shorter time. Field site observations of obstacles and hedges are still necessary. The raster-based map information from DEMand land cover maps can be converted for use in WASP. For offshore locations it is possible to estimate the wind resources based on ocean surface......An introduction to satellite information relevant for wind energy applications is given. It includes digital elevation model (DEM) data based on satellite observations. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is useful for regional scale wind resourcestudies. Comparison results from complex...
Optimizing Information Credibility in Social Swarming Applications
Liu, Bin; Bar-Noyz, Amotz; Govindan, Ramesh; Neely, Michael J
2010-01-01
With the advent of smartphone technology, it has become possible to conceive of entirely new classes of applications. Social swarming, in which users armed with smartphones are directed by a central director to report on events in the physical world, has several real-world applications: search and rescue, coordinated fire-fighting, and the DARPA balloon hunt challenge. In this paper, we focus on the following problem: how does the director optimize the selection of reporters to deliver credible corroborating information about an event. We first propose a model, based on common intuitions of believability, about the credibility of information. We then cast the problem posed above as a discrete optimization problem, and introduce optimal centralized solutions and an approximate solution amenable to decentralized implementation whose performance is about 20% off on average from the optimal (on real-world datasets derived from Google News) while being 3 orders of magnitude more computationally efficient. More int...
A generalized biharmonic equation and its applications to hydrodynamic instability
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Mihir B Banerjee; J R Gupta; R G Shandil
2002-06-01
Problems concerning characterization of eigenvalues of some linear and homogenous differential systems by the Pellew and Southwell method of conjugate eigenfunctions in the domain of hydrodynamic instability are discussed and a general mathematical framework described. In this general survey we look back on and rewrite this work almost in exactly the way it evolved out of a few naive looking calculations in hydrodynamic instability. We show in the process the close relationship that exists between mathematical analysis and its applications with due credit to intuition as the main source of mathematical activity.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Han Shan; Zhu Qiang; Li Jianxun; Chen Lin
2013-01-01
Interval-valued data and incomplete data are two key problems for failure analysis of thruster experimental data and have been basically solved by the proposed methods in this paper. Firstly, information data acquired from the simulation and evaluation system formed as interval-valued information system (IIS) is classified by the interval similarity relation. Then, as an improve-ment of the classical rough set, a new kind of generalized information entropy called‘‘H0-informa-tion entropy’’ is suggested for the measurement of uncertainty and the classification ability of IIS. There is an innovative information filling technique using the properties of H0-information entropy to replace missing data by some smaller estimation intervals. Finally, an improved method of failure analysis synthesized by the above achievements is presented to classify the thruster experimental data, complete the information, and extract the failure rules. The feasibility and advantage of this method is testified by an actual application of failure analysis, whose performance is evaluated by the quantification of E-condition entropy.
Generalized Bogoliubov Polariton Model: An Application to Stock Exchange Market
Thuy Anh, Chu; Anh, Truong Thi Ngoc; Lan, Nguyen Tri; Viet, Nguyen Ai
2016-06-01
A generalized Bogoliubov method for investigation non-simple and complex systems was developed. We take two branch polariton Hamiltonian model in second quantization representation and replace the energies of quasi-particles by two distribution functions of research objects. Application to stock exchange market was taken as an example, where the changing the form of return distribution functions from Boltzmann-like to Gaussian-like was studied.
Generalized complement operators and applications in some semirings
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bijev, G. [Technical University of Sofia, 8, Kl.Ohridski Blvd, 1000 Sofia (Bulgaria)
2013-12-18
Generalized complement operators on the semiring of all Boolean matrices as semilattice homomorphisms are considered. Some applications in solving equations on the set Bn of all binary relations are developed. In particular the structure of B3 is investigated by computer methods. Specific properties of the subsemigroup generated by all irregular relations in B3 are found. Stochastic experiments on the monoid Bn were made. The frequency of irregular elements as well as those of solvable equations depending on n is examined.
Generalized complement operators and applications in some semirings
Bijev, G.
2013-12-01
Generalized complement operators on the semiring of all Boolean matrices as semilattice homomorphisms are considered. Some applications in solving equations on the set Bn of all binary relations are developed. In particular the structure of B3 is investigated by computer methods. Specific properties of the subsemigroup generated by all irregular relations in B3 are found. Stochastic experiments on the monoid Bn were made. The frequency of irregular elements as well as those of solvable equations depending on n is examined.
2012-02-01
... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSA Form 527, Contractor's Qualifications and Financial Information AGENCY: Office of the Chief Finance Officer, GSA... Financial Information. Public comments are particularly invited on: Whether this collection of...
2011-06-15
... of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy, General Services... to implement policy and guidelines for contracts and orders that include information technology (IT... information technology (IT) supplies, services and systems with security requirements. Comment...
2012-01-06
...; Implementation of Information Technology Security Provision AGENCY: Office of Acquisition Policy, General... information technology (IT) supplies, services and systems. DATES: Effective Date: January 6, 2012... information technology (IT) supplies, services and systems with security requirements. FOR FURTHER...
Generalized minimum dominating set and application in automatic text summarization
Xu, Yi-Zhi; Zhou, Hai-Jun
2016-03-01
For a graph formed by vertices and weighted edges, a generalized minimum dominating set (MDS) is a vertex set of smallest cardinality such that the summed weight of edges from each outside vertex to vertices in this set is equal to or larger than certain threshold value. This generalized MDS problem reduces to the conventional MDS problem in the limiting case of all the edge weights being equal to the threshold value. We treat the generalized MDS problem in the present paper by a replica-symmetric spin glass theory and derive a set of belief-propagation equations. As a practical application we consider the problem of extracting a set of sentences that best summarize a given input text document. We carry out a preliminary test of the statistical physics-inspired method to this automatic text summarization problem.
Generalized minimum dominating set and application in automatic text summarization
Xu, Yi-Zhi
2016-01-01
For a graph formed by vertices and weighted edges, a generalized minimum dominating set (MDS) is a vertex set of smallest cardinality such that the summed weight of edges from each outside vertex to vertices in this set is equal to or larger than certain threshold value. This generalized MDS problem reduces to the conventional MDS problem in the limiting case of all the edge weights being equal to the threshold value. We treat the generalized MDS problem in the present paper by a replica-symmetric spin glass theory and derive a set of belief-propagation equations. As a practical application we consider the problem of extracting a set of sentences that best summarize a given input text document. We carry out a preliminary test of the statistical physics-inspired method to this automatic text summarization problem.
Development of risk-informed application technology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This project aims at developing a risk-informed application technology to enhance the safety and economy of nuclear power plant altogether. For this, the PSA standard model is developed which meets the ASME PSA Standard Capability Category I +. In addition, to reduce the uncertainty of PSA, several new PSA technologies are developed. A methodology is developed to quantify the fault trees of initiating events and mitigation systems simultaneously, and a new measure is developed to judge the convergency of PSA results. A new frame is proposed to combine the Level 1 and 2 PSA models into a unified PSA model. The fire risk is re-assessed using a fire analysis computer code. To develop a risk-informed decision making framework, a new method to derive the importance of systems with common cause events is proposed. And it is proposed that a framework for eliciting and combining the experts' opinions consistently. The research results can be used in the regulatory body and the industry projects for risk-informed applications
Pricing of General Insurance and the Impact of Asymmetric Information
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Englund, Martin
To set the insurance premium correctly is of outmost importance on a competitive insurance market. Hence the overall objective of this thesis is to improve the pricing, first by using individual claims information, and second by using information about the individuals choice of coverage. Regarding...
Future information communication technology and applications
Kim, Jung; Sahama, Tony; Yang, Chung-Huang; 2013 International Conference on Future Information & Communication Engineering (ICFICE 2013)
2013-01-01
These proceedings are based on the 2013 International Conference on Future Information & Communication Engineering (ICFICE 2013), which will be held at Shenyang in China from June 24-26, 2013. The conference is open to all over the world, and participation from Asia-Pacific region is particularly encouraged. The focus of this conference is on all technical aspects of electronics, information, and communications ICFICE-13 will provide an opportunity for academic and industry professionals to discuss the latest issues and progress in the area of FICE. In addition, the conference will publish high quality papers which are closely related to the various theories and practical applications in FICE. Furthermore, we expect that the conference and its publications will be a trigger for further related research and technology improvements in this important subject. "This work was supported by the NIPA (National IT Industry Promotion Agency) of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Science, ICT...
Recent Advances in Information Hiding and Applications
Huang, Hsiang-Cheh; Jain, Lakhmi; Zhao, Yao
2013-01-01
This research book presents a sample of recent advances in information hiding techniques and their applications. It includes: Image data hiding scheme based on vector quantization and image graph coloring The copyright protection system for Android platform Reversible data hiding ICA-based image and video watermarking Content-based invariant image watermarking Single bitmap block truncation coding of color images using cat swarm optimization Genetic-based wavelet packet watermarking for copyright protection Lossless text steganography in compression coding Fast and low-distortion capacity acoustic synchronized acoustic-to-acoustic steganography scheme Video watermarking with shot detection
40 CFR 26.1116 - General requirements for informed consent.
2010-07-01
...-related injury to the subject; and (8) A statement that participation is voluntary, refusal to participate... care, to the extent the physician is permitted to do so under applicable Federal, State, or local...
Development and application of a general purpose ambulatory monitor.
Petley, G W; Clitheroe, S; Clewlow, F; Deakin, C D; Chauhan, A J
1998-01-01
This paper details the development and application of a multi-channel, general purpose, lightweight, portable monitor. The monitor is constructed with separate analogue and digital circuitry so that a dedicated analogue board may be developed for each new application with the same general purpose digital board, the latter requiring only changes to the firmware. At the heart of the digital circuit is an Arizona Microchip PIC 16C64 microcontroller, which can communicate with a computer via a serial port and perform both simple and relatively complex data analysis prior to storing data in memory. The low-power design enables the circuit to operate for potentially longer than a week on one set of batteries. Designed with medical applications in mind, preliminary data from three studies utilising the monitor are described. These include measurements of bladder pressure, personal exposure to pollutant gases and body temperature. The studies demonstrate the system's versatility in a variety of investigations requiring different signal processing and sampling protocols. It is hoped that, in the future, this ambulatory device will contribute to the diagnosis, treatment and understanding of a wide variety of disease conditions. PMID:9664283
General Information about Childhood Central Nervous System Embryonal Tumors
... children. See the PDQ summary on Adult Central Nervous System Tumors Treatment for more information on the treatment of adults. There are different types of CNS embryonal tumors. Enlarge Anatomy of the inside of the brain, showing the ...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Botija, L.
1988-07-01
It makes easier the mechanization of a General Fill for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)
Information, fidelity, and reversibility in general quantum measurements
Terashima, Hiroaki
2015-01-01
We present the amounts of information, fidelity, and reversibility obtained by arbitrary quantum measurements on completely unknown states. These quantities are expressed as functions of the singular values of a measurement operator corresponding to the obtained outcome. As an example, we consider a class of quantum measurements with highly degenerate singular values to discuss tradeoffs among information, fidelity, and reversibility. The tradeoffs are at the level of a single outcome, in the...
Application of Neutrosophic Set Theory in Generalized Assignment Problem
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Supriya Kar
2015-09-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the application of Neutrosophic Set Theory (NST in solving Generalized Assignment Problem (GAP. GAP has been solved earlier under fuzzy environment. NST is a generalization of the concept of classical set, fuzzy set, interval-valued fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy set. Elements of Neutrosophic set are characterized by a truth-membership function, falsity and also indeterminacy which is a more realistic way of expressing the parameters in real life problem. Here the elements of the cost matrix for the GAP are considered as neutrosophic elements which have not been considered earlier by any other author. The problem has been solved by evaluating score function matrix and then solving it by Extremum Difference Method (EDM [1] to get the optimal assignment. The method has been demonstrated by a suitable numerical example.
Bitopological spaces theory, relations with generalized algebraic structures and applications
Dvalishvili, Badri
2005-01-01
This monograph is the first and an initial introduction to the theory of bitopological spaces and its applications. In particular, different families of subsets of bitopological spaces are introduced and various relations between two topologies are analyzed on one and the same set; the theory of dimension of bitopological spaces and the theory of Baire bitopological spaces are constructed, and various classes of mappings of bitopological spaces are studied. The previously known results as well the results obtained in this monograph are applied in analysis, potential theory, general topology, a
REGISTRO: Informatic application for a general file management
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It makes easier the mechanization of a 'General File' for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)
REGISTRO: Informatics application for a general file management
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
It makes easier the mechanization of a General Fill for a great Center as it allows the management, storage, maintenance and retrieval of all the circulating documents, involving any unit or section, to be considered officially or not. Shortly, it is a system which makes possible the inclusion, within the same Data Base, of references to official and unofficial documents of different classes, as well as document associated with them, under a number of registration correlative for each document and originated by the application. (Author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
INTAN S. AHMAD
2008-04-01
Full Text Available This work presents the application of a primal-dual interior point method to minimax optimisation problems. The algorithm differs significantly from previous approaches as it involves a novel non-monotone line search procedure, which is based on the use of standard penalty methods as the merit function used for line search. The crucial novel concept is the discretisation of the penalty parameter used over a finite range of orders of magnitude and the provision of a memory list for each such order. An implementation within a logarithmic barrier algorithm for bounds handling is presented with capabilities for large scale application. Case studies presented demonstrate the capabilities of the proposed methodology, which relies on the reformulation of minimax models into standard nonlinear optimisation models. Some previously reported case studies from the open literature have been solved, and with significantly better optimal solutions identified. We believe that the nature of the non-monotone line search scheme allows the search procedure to escape from local minima, hence the encouraging results obtained.
Information, fidelity, and reversibility in general quantum measurements
Terashima, Hiroaki
2016-02-01
We present the amount of information, fidelity, and reversibility obtained by arbitrary quantum measurements on completely unknown states. These quantities are expressed as functions of the singular values of a measurement operator corresponding to the obtained outcome. As an example, we consider a class of quantum measurements with highly degenerate singular values to discuss trade-offs among information, fidelity, and reversibility. The trade-offs are at the level of a single outcome, in the sense that the quantities pertain to each single outcome rather than the average over all possible outcomes.
49 CFR 11.116 - General requirements for informed consent.
2010-10-01
... so under applicable Federal, state, or local law. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget... foreseeable risks or discomforts to the subject; (3) A description of any benefits to the subject or to others...; (6) For research involving more than minimal risk, an explanation as to whether any compensation...
Annual Information Meeting of the Pension Fund (General Meeting)
2012-01-01
All members and beneficiaries of the Pension Fund are invited to attend the Annual Information Meeting to be held in the CERN Council Chamber on Wednesday 12 September 2012 from 10 am to 12 pm * Coffee and croissants will be served prior to the meeting as of 9:30 am. *
Content Based Image Retrieval and Information Theory: A General Approach.
Zachary, John; Iyengar, S. S.; Barhen, Jacob
2001-01-01
Proposes an alternative real valued representation of color based on the information theoretic concept of entropy. A theoretical presentation of image entropy is accompanied by a practical description of the merits and limitations of image entropy compared to color histograms. Results suggest that image entropy is a promising approach to image…
MINIMUM DISCRIMINATION INFORMATION PROBLEMS VIA GENERALIZED GEOMETRIC PROGRAMMING
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZhuDetong
2003-01-01
In this paper,the quadratic program problm and minimum discrimiation in formation (MDI) problem with a set of quadratic inequality constraints and entropy constraints of density are considered.Based on the properties of the generalized geometric programming,the dual programs of thses two problems are derived.Furthermore,the duality theorms and related Kuhn-Tucker conditions for two pairs of the prime-dual programs are also established by the duality theory.
Decision from Models: Generalizing Probability Information to Novel Tasks
ZHANG, HANG; Paily, Jacienta T.; Laurence T Maloney
2015-01-01
We investigate a new type of decision under risk where—to succeed—participants must generalize their experience in one set of tasks to a novel set of tasks. We asked participants to trade distance for reward in a virtual minefield where each successive step incurred the same fixed probability of failure (referred to as hazard). With constant hazard, the probability of success (the survival function) decreases exponentially with path length. On each trial, participants chose between a shorter ...
2013-08-09
... Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Student Assistance General Provisions--Subpart K--Cash Management AGENCY: Federal Student Aid (FSA), Department of Education (ED). ACTION: Notice... notice will be considered public records. Title of Collection: Student Assistance General...
Dynamical Equations for Quantum Information and Application in Information Channel
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BI Qiao; XING Xiu-San; H. E. Ruda
2005-01-01
@@ We establish several dynamical equations for quantum information density. It is demonstrated that quantum information density shares the same formalism of the Liouville equation, subdynamics kinetic equation and Fokker-Planck equation as the density operator and also possesses the superposition property. These allow one to use quantum information density directly to model quantum information. The kinetic equations for quantum information density reveal that the dynamical process of quantum information may be related to dissipative,Markovian, or diffusional information flows, together causing irreversibility. Finally, we discuss superposition of quantum information density, which allows us to construct a quantum information channel in the coherent state representation using harmonic oscillator based encoded quantum information, and obtain a formula for quantum dynamical mutual information.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
As AREVA displays an unprecedented loss, and is facing a durable and persistent stagnation of its nuclear activities after the Fukushima accident, and as these losses are the consequences of misguided strategic decisions and disputable mining acquisitions, as well as of a problematic management of the main big industrial projects, this report comes after an intervention of the French President on the future of this company. The objectives are a restoration of Areva's competitiveness, and the elaboration of a new partnership between EDF and AREVA with a new definition of their respective roles in the design, manufacturing and selling of nuclear reactors. Notably based on hearings, and on visits of the Flamanville EPR site and of the La Hague reprocessing plant this reports aims at informing the French parliament on the different faced challenges and opportunities. The authors thus give an overview of the group financial situation and describe the important reorganisation issues. They analyse how the group has been weakened by its economic performance and a development mode with uncertain results. They try to define a possible future within the frame of a reorganised nuclear sector based on a high performance group, a good governance of the nuclear sector, an industrially consistent solution, and a relevant position for the French nuclear sector
Information and measurement in generally covariant quantum theory
Olson, S. Jay; Dowling, Jonathan P.
2007-01-01
Due to the absence of an external, classical time variable, the probabilistic predictions of covariant quantum theory are ambiguous when multiple measurements are considered. Here, we introduce an information theoretic framework to the covariant formalism, and use it to interpret the measurement process. We find that the time ordering of measurements emerges as an entropy relationship in the state of the observers, giving unique probabilities for multiple measurements. This approach suggests ...
A general experiment definition system and its applications
Lehtinen, Markku S.
An investigation that attempts to find the common features behind all different types of incoherent scatter measurements, so that it becomes possible to describe the most general incoherent scatter measurement using a single, well defined set of variables, is presented. The system presently makes use of the GUISDAP analysis package. The general experiment design parameters make it possible to further develop the system as an experiment design tool for defining the pulse form and signal processing algorithms that are used in actual experiments. The use of statistical inversion theory guarantees the use of optimal analysis methods. To be general enough, the experiment description parameters must provide all the information necessary for statistical inversion methods. At the same time it is possible to build an experiment evaluation system where the behavior of different experiments can be analyzed and/or simulated in the design phase. How this is accomplished is discussed, as well as further plans for experiment design. Fully developed, the system will integrate together many of the tasks presently performed by the various languages (like TLAN, ELAN, and CLAN) in EISCAT. Because of the integrated analysis and experiment evaluation capabilities, and because of easy portability to different computers, it is felt that there is a great deal of promise for making incoherent scatter experiment design, running, and analysis more straightforward.
47 CFR 1.2002 - Applicants required to submit information.
2010-10-01
... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applicants required to submit information. 1... Implementation of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 § 1.2002 Applicants required to submit information. (a) In... certification has been incorporated into the FCC application form being filed, the applicant need not submit...
10 CFR 600.504 - Information an applicant must submit.
2010-01-01
... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Information an applicant must submit. 600.504 Section 600... Information an applicant must submit. (a) Any applicant for financial assistance under a covered program shall submit with the application for financial assistance, or at such later time as may be specified by...
8th International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications
2017-01-01
The International Conference on Information Visualization Theory and Applications aims at becoming a major point of contact between researchers, engineers and practitioners in Information Visualization. The conference will be structured along several topics related to Information Visualization.
Thermofield qubits, generalized expectations and quantum information protocols
Prudencio, T; Santana, A E
2014-01-01
We implement the teleportation of thermofield qubits and the quantum transfer of zero-temperature qubits to thermofield qubits via teleportation. We discuss how this protocol can be used in the situation of different thermal baths with associated thermofield states connected non-locally and how the action of gate operations in thermofield qubits can generalize the results associated to expectation values of a given observable. We also investigate the connection between different thermofield states at different temperatures and how such formulation can be used in the domain of meta-stable and non-equilibrium situations.
2013-10-31
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information... Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center at Defense Distribution Depot San Joaquin,...
Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications CUTE 2012
Park, Doo-Soon; Jia, Weijia; Yeo, Sang-Soo
2013-01-01
This book is for The 7th International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications (CUTE 2012). Ubiquitous computing will require a new approach to fitting technology to our lives. The advent of new computing devices, and the seamless connectivity between these devices, thanks to diverse wired and wireless networks, are enabling new opportunities for a user to perform his/her operation all the time and everywhere. These seamlessly connected devices are ranging from mobile handset to wearable computers. Also, it is expected that these devices will become so pervasive that they will be embedded in the surrounding physical environment, and transparent and invisible to a user. Such devices, whether carried on by people or embedded into other systems, will constitute a global internetworking infrastructure and likely to provide a new level of openness and dynamics. Ubiquitous computing has as its goal the enhancing computer use by pushing computational services out of conventional desktop in...
Development and trial application of risk information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
JNES has been doing various activities to stimulate the introduction of Risk Informed Regulation (RIR) to the safety regulation of nuclear power plants (NPPs) in Japan. Some applications are already incorporated, such as the regulatory review of Maintenance Programs and Safety Significance Evaluation for Inspection Findings. In consideration with the experience of the accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, JNES addressed development of regulatory guidelines, evaluation of the current condition of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, evaluation of effectiveness of severe accident management measures with the backgrounds of insights and experiences on probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and RIR. Especially, the experiences were applied to the development of the methodologies for evaluation of effectiveness of severe accident managements. As for inspection and operation of NPPs, JNES enhanced the PRA scope applied to the importance analysis for Maintenance Program, SDP and RI-ISI in consideration with the insights of RIR in Japan and other countries. (author)
Application of thermospheric general circulation models for space weather operations
Fuller-Rowell, T.; Minter, C.; Codrescu, M.
Solar irradiance is the dominant source of heat, ionization, and dissociation of the thermosphere, and to a large extent drives the global dynamics, and controls the neutral composition and density structure. Neutral composition is important for space weather applications because of its impact on ionospheric loss rates, and neutral density is critical for satellite drag prediction. The future for thermospheric general circulation models for space weather operations lies in their use as state propagators in data assimilation techniques. The physical models can match empirical models in accuracy provided accurate drivers are available, but their true value comes when combined with data in an optimal way. Two such applications have recently been developed. The first utilizes a Kalman filter to combine space-based observation of airglow with physical model predictions to produce global maps of neutral composition. The output of the filter will be used within the GAIM (Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Measurement) model developed under a parallel effort. The second filter uses satellite tracking and remote sensing data for specification of neutral density. Both applications rely on accurate estimates of the solar EUV and magnetospheric drivers.
Satellite information for wind energy applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nielsen, M.; Astrup, P.; Bay Hasager, C.
2004-11-01
An introduction to satellite information relevant for wind energy applications is given. It includes digital elevation model (DEM) data based on satellite observations. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) is useful for regional scale wind resource studies. Comparison results from complex terrain in Spain and flat terrain in Denmark are found to be acceptable for both sites. Also land cover type information can be retrieved from satellite observations. Land cover type maps have to be combined with roughness data from field observation or literature values. Land cover type maps constitute an aid to map larger regions within shorter time. Field site observations of obstacles and hedges are still necessary. The raster-based map information from DEM and land cover maps can be converted for use in WASP. For offshore locations it is possible to estimate the wind resources based on ocean surface wind data from several types of satellite observations. The RWT software allows an optimal calculation of SAR wind resource statistics. A tab-file with SAR-based observed wind climate (OWC) data can be obtained for 10 m above sea level and used in WASP. RWT uses a footprint averaging technique to obtain data as similar as possible to mast observations. Maximum-likelihood fitting is used to calculate the Weibull A and k parameters from the constrained data set. Satellite SAR wind maps cover the coastal zone from 3 km and offshore with very detailed information of 400 m by 400 m grid resolution. Spatial trends in mean wind, energy density, Weibull A and k and uncertainty values are provided for the area of interest. Satellite scatterometer wind observations have a spatial resolution of 25 km by 25 km. These data typically represent a site further offshore, and the tab-file statistics should be used in WASP combined with topography and roughness information to assess the coastal wind power potential. Scatterometer wind data are observed {approx} twice per day, whereas SAR only
Interstate Research Associates, McLean, VA.
This fact sheet on autism is offered in both English and Spanish, and is the same in both languages although numbered differently. It provides a definition, information on incidence, typical characteristics, and educational implications. It notes that autism is listed as a separate category under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.…
Databases and information systems: Applications in biogeography
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Some aspects of the new instrumentalization and methodological elements that make up information systems in biodiversity (ISB) are described. The use of accurate geographically referenced data allows a broad range of available sources: natural history collections and scientific literature require the use of databases and geographic information systems (GIS). The conceptualization of ISB and GIS, based in the use of extensive data bases, has implied detailed modeling and the construction of authoritative archives: exhaustive catalogues of nomenclature and synonymies, complete bibliographic lists, list of names proposed, historical-geographic gazetteers with localities and their synonyms united under a global positioning system which produces a geospheric conception of the earth and its biota. Certain difficulties in the development of the system and the construction of the biological databases are explained: quality control of data, for example. The use of such systems is basic in order to respond to many questions at the frontier of current studies of biodiversity and conservation. In particular, some applications in biogeography and their importance for modeling distributions, to identify and contrast areas of endemism and biological richness for conservation, and their use as tools in what we identify as predictive and experimental faunistics are detailed. Lastly, the process as well as its relevance is emphasized at national and regional levels
Interstate Research Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.
This fact sheet providing general information about learning disabilities is presented in both English and Spanish versions. It begins with the federal definition of learning disabilities and a discussion of its implications followed by estimates of incidence. Typical characteristics of students with learning disabilities are then summarized as…
2013-12-24
... Logistics Agency (DLA) published a NOA in the Federal Register (78 FR 65300) announcing the publication of... of the Secretary Notice of Availability (NOA) for General Purpose Warehouse and Information... General Purpose Warehouse and Information Technology Center Construction (GPW/IT)--Tracy...
2012-07-24
... National Institute of Standards and Technology Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; SURF Program Student Applicant Information AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST... SURF (Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship) Program. The information will be provided by...
General background and approach to multibody dynamics for space applications
Santini, Paolo; Gasbarri, Paolo
2009-06-01
Multibody dynamics for space applications is dictated by space environment such as space-varying gravity forces, orbital and attitude perturbations, control forces if any. Several methods and formulations devoted to the modeling of flexible bodies undergoing large overall motions were developed in recent years. Most of these different formulations were aimed to face one of the main problems concerning the analysis of spacecraft dynamics namely the reduction of computer simulation time. By virtue of this, the use of symbolic manipulation, recursive formulation and parallel processing algorithms were proposed. All these approaches fall into two categories, the one based on Newton/Euler methods and the one based on Lagrangian methods; both of them have their advantages and disadvantages although in general, Newtonian approaches lend to a better understanding of the physics of problems and in particular of the magnitude of the reactions and of the corresponding structural stresses. Another important issue which must be addressed carefully in multibody space dynamics is relevant to a correct choice of kinematics variables. In fact, when dealing with flexible multibody system the resulting equations include two different types of state variables, the ones associated with large (rigid) displacements and the ones associated with elastic deformations. These two sets of variables have generally two different time scales if we think of the attitude motion of a satellite whose period of oscillation, due to the gravity gradient effects, is of the same order of magnitude as the orbital period, which is much bigger than the one associated with the structural vibration of the satellite itself. Therefore, the numerical integration of the equations of the system represents a challenging problem. This was the abstract and some of the arguments that Professor Paolo Santini intended to present for the Breakwell Lecture; unfortunately a deadly disease attacked him and shortly took him
Nikoloulopoulos, Aristidis K
2016-06-30
The method of generalized estimating equations (GEE) is popular in the biostatistics literature for analyzing longitudinal binary and count data. It assumes a generalized linear model for the outcome variable, and a working correlation among repeated measurements. In this paper, we introduce a viable competitor: the weighted scores method for generalized linear model margins. We weight the univariate score equations using a working discretized multivariate normal model that is a proper multivariate model. Because the weighted scores method is a parametric method based on likelihood, we propose composite likelihood information criteria as an intermediate step for model selection. The same criteria can be used for both correlation structure and variable selection. Simulations studies and the application example show that our method outperforms other existing model selection methods in GEE. From the example, it can be seen that our methods not only improve on GEE in terms of interpretability and efficiency but also can change the inferential conclusions with respect to GEE. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26822854
A generalized additive neural network application in information security
Du Toit, Tiny; Kruger, Hennie
2014-01-01
Traditionally spam has been considered as an inconvenience requiring workers to sift through and delete large numbers of e-mail messages per day. However, new developments and the Internet have dramatically transformed the world and over the last number of years a situation has been reached where inboxes have been flooded with unsolicited messages. This has caused spam to evolve into a serious security risk with prominent threats such as spreading of viruses, server problems, productivity thr...
The application of geographic information science to environmental research
Driese, Kenneth L.
Geographic Information Science (GISci) in general, and land cover mapping in particular are important components of many environmental studies including, but not limited to, animal habitat modeling, biogeography, conservation biology, biogeochemistry, hydrologic modeling and global change studies. This dissertation explores methods for integrating remotely sensed satellite imagery, GPS (Global Positioning System) and environmental data to create regional land cover maps and their application to environmental questions. Specifically, a statewide land cover map of Wyoming created for the Wyoming Gap Analysis Program is described and used to explore biogeographic boundaries in the state. A detailed map of Costa Rica is created by integrating remotely sensed data with other geospatial information for predicting gas flux from tropical soils. A map of dominant deciduous tree species is developed using multitemporal Landsat TM data and other information in the Catskills of New York to explore biogeochemical controls on water quality. An experiment exploring the relationship between sampling effort and sample size highlights issues associated with assessing the thematic accuracy of large area maps. All of these studies demonstrate the strengths of GISci for supporting environmental research while also revealing fundamental limitations of spectral data for mapping, especially in large map domains. These fundamental limitations are discussed, including spectral ambiguity and issues associated with modeling land cover when environmental envelopes of classes overlap or when the legacy of past land use obscures environmental relationships. Together, the papers included in this dissertation represent an exploration of the application of land cover data to environmental questions.
15 CFR 30.2 - General requirements for filing Electronic Export Information (EEI).
2010-01-01
... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false General requirements for filing Electronic Export Information (EEI). 30.2 Section 30.2 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS General Requirements § 30.2 General requirements...
Wolf, David R.
2004-01-01
The topic of this paper is a hierarchy of information-like functions, here named the information correlation functions, where each function of the hierarchy may be thought of as the information between the variables it depends upon. The information correlation functions are particularly suited to the description of the emergence of complex behaviors due to many- body or many-agent processes. They are particularly well suited to the quantification of the decomposition of the information carried among a set of variables or agents, and its subsets. In more graphical language, they provide the information theoretic basis for understanding the synergistic and non-synergistic components of a system, and as such should serve as a forceful toolkit for the analysis of the complexity structure of complex many agent systems. The information correlation functions are the natural generalization to an arbitrary number of sets of variables of the sequence starting with the entropy function (one set of variables) and the mutual information function (two sets). We start by describing the traditional measures of information (entropy) and mutual information.
Information resource preferences by general pediatricians in office settings: a qualitative study
Lehmann Harold P; Bartlett Edward L; Kim George R
2005-01-01
Abstract Background Information needs and resource preferences of office-based general pediatricians have not been well characterized. Methods Data collected from a sample of twenty office-based urban/suburban general pediatricians consisted of: (a) a demographic survey about participants' practice and computer use, (b) semi-structured interviews on their use of different types of information resources and (c) semi-structured interviews on perceptions of information needs and resource prefere...
Adaptive Information Access on Multiple Applications Support Wireless Sensor Networks
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Tobgay, Sonam; Olsen, Rasmus Løvenstein; Prasad, Ramjee
2014-01-01
information is challenged by dynamic nature of information elements. These challenges are more prominent in case of wireless sensor network (WSN) applications, as the information that the sensor node collects are mostly dynamic in nature (say, temperature). Therefore, it is likely that there can be a mismatch...... of information between the one which user uses and the one which is available at the source at the same instant of time. This leads to unreliable information being used by the application user for processing. Information accessing with minimal mismatch is desired by the WSN applications especially when WSN...
Unitary information ether and its possible applications
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
The idea of information ether as the unitary information field is developed. It rests on the assumption that the notion of information is a fundamental category in the description of reality and that it can be defined independently from the notion of probability itself. It is shown that the information ether provides a deterministic background for the nonlinear wave hypothesis and quantum cybernetics. (orig.)
Addressing Information Proliferation: Applications of Information Extraction and Text Mining
Li, Jingjing
2013-01-01
The advent of the Internet and the ever-increasing capacity of storage media have made it easy to store, deliver, and share enormous volumes of data, leading to a proliferation of information on the Web, in online libraries, on news wires, and almost everywhere in our daily lives. Since our ability to process and absorb this information remains…
Generalization of mixed multiscale finite element methods with applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, C S [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
2016-08-01
Many science and engineering problems exhibit scale disparity and high contrast. The small scale features cannot be omitted in the physical models because they can affect the macroscopic behavior of the problems. However, resolving all the scales in these problems can be prohibitively expensive. As a consequence, some types of model reduction techniques are required to design efficient solution algorithms. For practical purpose, we are interested in mixed finite element problems as they produce solutions with certain conservative properties. Existing multiscale methods for such problems include the mixed multiscale finite element methods. We show that for complicated problems, the mixed multiscale finite element methods may not be able to produce reliable approximations. This motivates the need of enrichment for coarse spaces. Two enrichment approaches are proposed, one is based on generalized multiscale finte element metthods (GMsFEM), while the other is based on spectral element-based algebraic multigrid (rAMGe). The former one, which is called mixed GMsFEM, is developed for both Darcy’s flow and linear elasticity. Application of the algorithm in two-phase flow simulations are demonstrated. For linear elasticity, the algorithm is subtly modified due to the symmetry requirement of the stress tensor. The latter enrichment approach is based on rAMGe. The algorithm differs from GMsFEM in that both of the velocity and pressure spaces are coarsened. Due the multigrid nature of the algorithm, recursive application is available, which results in an efficient multilevel construction of the coarse spaces. Stability, convergence analysis, and exhaustive numerical experiments are carried out to validate the proposed enrichment approaches. iii
Application of Improved Radiation Modeling to General Circulation Models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Michael J Iacono
2011-04-07
This research has accomplished its primary objectives of developing accurate and efficient radiation codes, validating them with measurements and higher resolution models, and providing these advancements to the global modeling community to enhance the treatment of cloud and radiative processes in weather and climate prediction models. A critical component of this research has been the development of the longwave and shortwave broadband radiative transfer code for general circulation model (GCM) applications, RRTMG, which is based on the single-column reference code, RRTM, also developed at AER. RRTMG is a rigorously tested radiation model that retains a considerable level of accuracy relative to higher resolution models and measurements despite the performance enhancements that have made it possible to apply this radiation code successfully to global dynamical models. This model includes the radiative effects of all significant atmospheric gases, and it treats the absorption and scattering from liquid and ice clouds and aerosols. RRTMG also includes a statistical technique for representing small-scale cloud variability, such as cloud fraction and the vertical overlap of clouds, which has been shown to improve cloud radiative forcing in global models. This development approach has provided a direct link from observations to the enhanced radiative transfer provided by RRTMG for application to GCMs. Recent comparison of existing climate model radiation codes with high resolution models has documented the improved radiative forcing capability provided by RRTMG, especially at the surface, relative to other GCM radiation models. Due to its high accuracy, its connection to observations, and its computational efficiency, RRTMG has been implemented operationally in many national and international dynamical models to provide validated radiative transfer for improving weather forecasts and enhancing the prediction of global climate change.
Einstein's general theory of relativity with modern applications in cosmology
Grøn, Øyvind
2007-01-01
Many of us have experienced the same; fallen and broken something. Yet supposedly, gravity is the weakest of the fundamental forces; it is claimed to be 10-15 times weaker than electromagnetism. Still, every one of us has more or less had a personal relationship with gravity. Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity: With Modern Applications in Cosmology by Oyvind Gron and Sigbjorn Hervik is about gravity and the concept of gravity as Albert Einstein saw it- curved spaces, four-dimensional manifolds and geodesics. The book starts with the 1st principals of relativity and an introduction to Einstein’s field equations. Next up are the three classical tests of the relativity theory and an introduction to black holes. The book contains several topics not found in other textbooks, such as Kaluza-Klein theory, anisotropic models of the universe, and new developments involving brane cosmology. Gron and Hervik have included a part in the book called "Advanced Topics." These topics range from the very edge of resea...
Generalized Interference Alignment—Part II: Application to Wireless Secrecy
Ruan, Liangzhong; Lau, Vincent K. N.; Win, Moe Z.
2016-05-01
In contrast to its wired counterpart, wireless communication is highly susceptible to eavesdropping due to the broadcast nature of the wireless propagation medium. Recent works have proposed the use of interference to reduce eavesdropping capabilities in wireless wiretap networks. However, the concurrent effect of interference on both eavesdropping receivers (ERs) and legitimate receivers (LRs) has not been thoroughly investigated, and carefully engineering the network interference is required to harness the full potential of interference for wireless secrecy. This two part paper addresses this issue by proposing a generalized interference alignment (GIA) technique, which jointly designs the transceivers at the legitimate partners to impede the ERs without interfering with LRs. In Part I, we have established a theoretical framework for the GIA technique. In Part II, we will first propose an efficient GIA algorithm that is applicable to large-scale networks and then evaluate the performance of this algorithm in stochastic wireless wiretap network via both analysis and simulation. These results reveal insights into when and how GIA contributes to wireless secrecy.
Generalized Reconfigurable Memristive Dynamical System (MDS for Neuromorphic Applications
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mohammad eBavandpour
2015-11-01
Full Text Available This study firstly presents (i a novel general cellular mapping scheme for two dimensional neuromorphic dynamical systems such as bio-inspired neuron models, and (ii an efficient mixed analog-digital circuit, which can be conveniently implemented on a hybrid memristor-crossbar/CMOS platform, for hardware implementation of the scheme. This approach employs 4n memristors and no switch for implementing an n-cell system in comparison with 2n^2 memristors and 2n switches of a Cellular Memristive Dynamical System (CMDS. Moreover, this approach allows for dynamical variables with both analog and one-hot digital values opening a wide range of choices for interconnections and networking schemes. Dynamical response analyses show that this circuit exhibits various responses based on the underlying bifurcation scenarios which determine the main characteristics of the neuromorphic dynamical systems. Due to high programmability of the circuit, it can be applied to a variety of learning systems, real-time applications, and analytically indescribable dynamical systems. We simulate the FitzHugh-Nagumo (FHN, Adaptive Exponential (AdEx integrate and fire, and Izhikevich neuron models on our platform, and investigate the dynamical behaviors of these circuits as case studies. Moreover, error analysis shows that our approach is suitably accurate. We also develop a simple hardware prototype for experimental demonstration of our approach.
Application of information technology to uranium exploration
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This paper discusses the advantage to the uranium mining industry in investing in advanced information technology. The advantages of using micro-and mini-computers and a uranium database for recording industrial forecasts of demand, production costs, contracts and exploration information are emphasised. The need for senior management to support the implementation of information systems and the parameters of a successful information system applied to the mining industry are discussed. (U.K.)
A general proposal to multilingual information access based on syntactic-semantic patterns
Navarro Colorado, Francisco de Borja; Palomar Sanz, Manuel; Martínez Barco, Patricio
2003-01-01
In the last few years, there has been a wide development in the research on textual information systems. The goal is to improve these systems in order to allow an easy localization, treatment and access to the information stored in digital format (Digital Databases, Documental Databases, and so on). There are lots of applications focused on information access (for example, Web-search systems like Google or Altavista). However, these applications have problems when they must access to cross-la...
A Secured Framework for Geographical Information Applications on Web
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mennatallah H. Ibrahim
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Current geographical information applications increasingly require managing spatial data through the Web. Users of geographical information application need not only to display the spatial data but also to interactively modify them. As a result, the security risks that face geographical information applications are also increasing. In this paper, a secured framework is proposed. The proposed framework's goal is, providing a fine grained access control to web-based geographic information applications. A case study is finally applied to prove the proposed framework feasibility and effectiveness.
Applications of information theory in plant disease management
Hughes, Gareth
2008-01-01
Information theory is a branch of probability and statistics involving the analysis of communications. Information theory enables us to analyze and quantify the information content of predictions made in the context of plant disease management and related disciplines. In this article, some applications of information theory in plant disease management are outlined.
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Jurajda, Štěpán; Lízal, Lubomír
Praha : CERGE UK, 2004 - (Dušek, L.; Jurajda, Š.), s. 5-14 ISBN 80-7343-008-8 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK9058117 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7085904 Keywords : Czech Republic 2003/2004 Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/books/pdf_0304/I.pdf
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Dinga, M.; Lízal, Lubomír
Prague : Charles University in Prague, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education : Economics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2007 - (Katuščák, P.; Zemčík, P.), s. 5-10 ISBN 978-80-7343-146-4 Institutional research plan: CEZ:MSM0021620846 Keywords : Czech Republic * economic development * demographic development Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/books/CR2007.pdf
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Jurajda, Štěpán; Lízal, Lubomír; Žigić, Krešimir
Prague : Charles University in Prague, 2005, s. 5-13. ISBN 80-7343-058-4 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : Czech Republic * economic development Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/books/CR2005.pdf
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Kocourek, D.; Lízal, Lubomír
Prague : Charles University in Prague, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education, 2006 - (Zemčík, P.; Žigić, K.), s. 5-10 ISBN 80-7343-110-6 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : Czech Republic * development Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/books/CR2006.pdf
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Dinga, Marián; Lízal, L.
Prague : Charles University in Prague, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education : Economics Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2007 - (Katuščák, P.; Zemčík, P.), s. 5-10 ISBN 978-80-7343-146-4 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : Czech Republic * economic development * demographic development Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/books/CR2007.pdf
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Dinga, Marián; Katuščák, P.; Lízal, L.
Prague: Charles University in Prague, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education : Economic s Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2008 - (Bičáková, A.; Katuščák, P.), s. 5-12 ISBN 978-80-7343-176-1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : Czech Republic * economy * policy * demopgraphy Subject RIV: AH - Economic s http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/ books /CR2008.pdf
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Dinga, M.; Katuščák, Peter; Lízal, Lubomír
Prague: Charles University in Prague, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education : Economic s Institute, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, 2008 - (Bičáková, A.; Katuščák, P.), s. 5-12 ISBN 978-80-7343-176-1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:MSM0021620846 Keywords : Czech Republic * economy * policy * demopgraphy Subject RIV: AH - Economic s http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/ books /CR2008.pdf
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2014-01-01
World Journal of Radiology(World J Radiol,WJR,online ISSN 1949-8470,DOI:10.4329)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJR covers topics concerning diagnostic radiology,radiation oncology,radiologic physics,neuroradiology,nuclear radiology,pedi-
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2014-01-01
World Jour nal of Cardiolog y(World J Cardiol,WJC,online ISSN1949-8462,DOI:10.4330)is a peer-reviewed open access(OA)academic journal that aims to guide clinical practice and improve diagnostic and therapeutic skills of clinicians.Aim and scope WJC covers topics concerning arrhythmia,heart failure,vascular disease,stroke,hypertension,prevention and epidemiology,dyslipidemia and metabolic disorders,cardiac imaging,pediatrics,nursing,
Application of General fractal Dimension to Coupling Fault Diagnosis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
This paper presents the coucept of general and sensitive dimension, and also proposes the calculation formula of the general dimension least squares method. By calculating and analyzing the power spectrum and general dimension from the fault sample, the relationship is achieved between sample status and the general dimension from vibration signals function of general dimension is proposed, and calculations are carried out for a monitor signal and samples signal. The diagnosis method based on fractal theory is effective through the concrete examples of the steam-electric generating set fault diagnosis, and the correlation coefficient of general dimension between a monitor signal and samples signal can improve the accuracy for fault diagnosis.
Exact solutions to the generalized Lienard equation and its applications
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Yang Xian-Lin; Tang Jia-Shi
2008-12-01
Some new exact solutions of the generalized Lienard equation are obtained, and the solutions of the equation are applied to solve nonlinear wave equations with nonlinear terms of any order directly. The generalized one-dimensional Klein–Gordon equation, the generalized Ablowitz (A) equation and the generalized Gerdjikov–Ivanov (GI) equation are investigated and abundant new exact travelling wave solutions are obtained that include solitary wave solutions and triangular periodic wave solutions.
Comprehension and application of patent information
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
This book gives descriptions of conception of patent information such as the meaning, characteristic, function, investigation and map of patent information, pro-patent period and patent strategy of the business. It also deals with comprehension of patent information like publication of nations, patent document, patent procedure in Korea, patent procedure in Japan, the U.S, and Europe, article and function of patent document, patent information survey such as writing of search keyword, procedure of the survey and search site of other countries, patent analysis and patent map.
A Fortran 90 Program for the Generalized Order-Restricted Information Criterion
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rebecca M. Kuiper
2013-09-01
Full Text Available The generalized order-restricted information criterion (GORIC is a generalization of the Akaike information criterion such that it can evaluate hypotheses that take on specific, but widely applicable, forms (namely, closed convex cones for multivariate normal linear models. It can examine the traditional hypotheses H0: ?1,1 = = ?t,k and Hu: ?1,1, , ?t,k and hypotheses containing simple order restrictions Hm: ?1,1 ? ? ?t,k, where any "?" may be replaced by "=" and m is the model/hypothesis index; with ?h,j the parameter for the h-th dependent variable and the j-th predictor in a t-variate regression model with k predictors (which might include the intercept. But, the GORIC can also be applied to restrictions of the form Hm: R1? = r1; R2? ? r2, with ? a vector of length tk, R1 a cm1 tk matrix, r1 a vector of length cm1, R2 a cm2 tk matrix, and r2 a vector of length cm2. It should be noted that [R1T, R2T]T should be of full rank when [R1T, R2T]T ? 0. In practice, this implies that one cannot examine range restrictions (e.g., 0 < ?1,1 < 2 or ?1,2 < ?1,1 < 2?1,2 with the GORIC. A Fortran 90 program is presented, which enables researchers to compute the GORIC for hypotheses in the context of multivariate regression models. Additionally, an R package called goric is made by Daniel Gerhard and the first author.
Applications of health information exchange information to public health practice
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kierkegaard, Patrick; Kaushal, Rainu; Vest, Joshua R.
2014-01-01
as an important justification for the US’ investments in HIE. After several years of HIE implementation and funding, we sought to determine if any of the anticipated benefits of exchange participation were accruing to state and local public health practitioners participating in five different......Health information exchange (HIE) can support several aspects of public health practice by increasing the availability, timeliness, and comprehensiveness individual-level patient information. The potential benefits to disease monitoring, disaster response, and other public health activities served...... exchanges. Using qualitative interviews and template analyses, we identified public health efforts and activities that were improved by participation in HIE. We derived the codes for the template analysis through a literature review. HIE supported public health activities consistent with expectations in the...
Towards the Application of Agent Technology in Information Systems
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
The integration of agent technology with Information Systems (ISs) to assist in dealing with information overload and complex problems has received increasing attention over recent years. This paper studies the necessity for the application of agent technology in today's ISs, and discusses some kinds of applications of agent technology in ISs.
76 FR 36989 - Medical Devices; Exception From General Requirements for Informed Consent
2011-06-24
... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 50 Medical Devices; Exception From General... interim final rule (IFR) entitled ``Medical Devices; Exception From General Requirements for Informed... medical devices under 21 U.S.C. 360k. Papike v. Tambrands, Inc., 107 F.3d 737, 740-42 (9th Cir. 1997)....
22 CFR 1101.3 - General policy: Collection and use of personal information.
2010-04-01
... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true General policy: Collection and use of personal information. 1101.3 Section 1101.3 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 § 1101.3 General policy: Collection and...
49 CFR 1114.21 - Applicability; general provisions.
2010-10-01
... proceeding other than an informal proceeding. For the purpose of this subchapter, informal proceedings are those not required to be determined on the record after hearing and include informal complaints and all... only by order of the Board; (8) That a trade secret or other confidential research development...
Martin-Martinez, E
2011-01-01
Recently, there has been increased interest in understanding entanglement and quantum communication in black hole spacetimes and in using quantum information techniques to address questions in gravity. Studies on relativistic entanglement show the emergence of conceptually important qualitative differences to a non-relativistic treatment. For instance, entanglement was found to be an observer-dependent property that changes from the perspective of accelerated observers moving in flat spacetime. Relativisitic quantum information theory uses well-known tools coming from quantum information and quantum optics to study quantum effects provoked by gravity to learn information about the spacetime. We can take advantage of our knowledge about quantum correlations and effects produced by the gravitational interaction to set the basis for experimental proposals ultimately aiming at finding corrections due to quantum gravity effects, too mild to be directly observed. This doctoral thesis dissertation summarises most of...
Hayashi, M
2002-01-01
Using an information-spectrum approach, we derive general formulas of entanglement concentration not only concerning the i.i.d. sequence, but also concerning the general sequence of partially entanglement pure states. From these formulas, we can calculate not only the achievable rate but also error exponents. These discussions discover a general relation between the performance of entanglement concentration and the eigen values of the paritial traced state.
2013-12-24
..., 618, and 621 RIN 3052-AC76 Releasing Information; General Provisions; Accounting and Reporting... information about each banks' and associations' assets and liabilities. \\1\\ Public Law 92-181, 85 Stat. 583... other asset, liability, other balance sheet account, or off-balance-sheet exposure, has become...
Medidas procesales especiales y proteccíon de los derechos humanos Informe general
Vervaele, J.A.E.
2009-01-01
El objetivo del informe general es realizar un análisis comparativo de los informes nacionales para evidenciar los procesos de transformación de los sistemas nacionales de justicia penal, en particular del proceso penal, en el que se han introducido medidas procesales especiales para hacer frente al
2012-06-19
... methodology; and ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES... Reporting Burden Respondents: 563. Responses per Respondent: 3. Hours per Response: .658. Total Burden Hours... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation (GSAR) Part 523; Information...
2011-06-29
... information is accurate, and based on valid assumptions and methodology; ways to enhance the quality, utility.... Responses per Respondent: 1. Hours per Response: 1. Total Burden Hours: 6794. Obtaining Copies of Proposals... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; GSAR Provision...
2011-04-18
... ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected. DATES: Submit... Respondent: 1. Hours per Response: .5. Total Burden Hours: 5. Obtaining Copies of Proposals: Requesters may... ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Sealed...
30 CFR 250.213 - What general information must accompany the EP?
2010-07-01
... OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS AND SULPHUR OPERATIONS IN THE OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF Plans and Information Contents... 40 CFR part 302, or amounts specified by the Regional Supervisor. (d) New or unusual technology. A... general subject matter of the omitted information. If you will not use any new or unusual technology...
Schulze, Terry L.; Kriner, Ray R.
This training manual provides information needed to meet the minimum EPA standards for certification as a commercial applicator of pesticides in the general and household pest control category. The text discusses invertebrate pests that effect health, stored products, grain, fabric, or the household; and vertebrate pests such as rats, mice, and…
Information resource preferences by general pediatricians in office settings: a qualitative study
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lehmann Harold P
2005-10-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Information needs and resource preferences of office-based general pediatricians have not been well characterized. Methods Data collected from a sample of twenty office-based urban/suburban general pediatricians consisted of: (a a demographic survey about participants' practice and computer use, (b semi-structured interviews on their use of different types of information resources and (c semi-structured interviews on perceptions of information needs and resource preferences in response to clinical vignettes representing cases in Genetics and Infectious Diseases. Content analysis of interviews provided participants' perceived use of resources and their perceived questions and preferred resources in response to vignettes. Results Participants' average time in practice was 15.4 years (2–28 years. All had in-office online access. Participants identified specialist/generalist colleagues, general/specialty pediatric texts, drug formularies, federal government/professional organization Websites and medical portals (when available as preferred information sources. They did not identify decision-making texts, evidence-based reviews, journal abstracts, medical librarians or consumer health information for routine office use. In response to clinical vignettes in Genetics and Infectious Diseases, participants identified Question Types about patient-specific (diagnosis, history and findings and general medical (diagnostic, therapeutic and referral guidelines information. They identified specialists and specialty textbooks, history and physical examination, colleagues and general pediatric textbooks, and federal and professional organizational Websites as information sources. Participants with access to portals identified them as information resources in lieu of texts. For Genetics vignettes, participants identified questions about prenatal history, disease etiology and treatment guidelines. For Genetics vignettes, they identified