Novel charge density wave transition in crystals of R5Ir4Si10
S Ramakrishnan
2002-05-01
We review the observation of novel charge density wave (CDW) transitions in ternary R5Ir4Si10 compounds. A high quality single crystal of Lu5Ir4Si10 shows the formation of a commensurate CDW along -axis below 80 K in the (ℎ, 0, ) plane that coexists with BCS type superconductivity below 3.9 K. However, in a single crystal of Er5Ir4Si10, one observes the development of a 1D-incommensurate CDW at 155 K, which then locks into a purely commensurate state below 55 K. The well-localized Er3 moments are antiferromagnetically ordered below 2.8 K which results in the coexistence of strongly coupled CDW with local moment antiferromagnetism in Er5Ir4Si10. Unlike conventional CDW systems, extremely sharp transition (width ∼ 1.5 K) in all bulk properties along with huge heat capacity anomalies in these compounds makes this CDW transition an interesting one.
Multicritical points in the three-dimensional XXZ antiferromagnet with single-ion anisotropy
Selke, Walter
2013-01-01
The classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet with uniaxial exchange anisotropy, the XXZ model, and competing planar single-ion anisotropy in a magnetic field on a simple cubic lattice is studied with the help of extensive Monte Carlo simulations. The biconical (supersolid) phase, bordering the antiferromagnetic and spin-flop phases, is found to become thermally unstable well below the onset of the disordered, paramagnetic phase, leading to interesting multicritical points.
Uniaxial anisotropy and low-temperature antiferromagnetism of Mn2BO4 single crystal
Kazak, N. V.; Platunov, M. S.; Knyazev, Yu. V.; Ivanova, N. B.; Bayukov, O. A.; Vasiliev, A. D.; Bezmaternykh, L. N.; Nizhankovskii, V. I.; Gavrilkin, S. Yu.; Lamonova, K. V.; Ovchinnikov, S. G.
2015-01-01
The Mn2BO4 single crystals have been grown using the flux technique. The careful study crystal structure and magnetic properties have been carried out. The antiferromagnet transition at TN = 26 K has been traced through the dc magnetization and specific heat temperature dependences. The magnetic uniaxial anisotropy has been detected with easy axis of magnetization lying in ab-plane. A reduction of the effective magnetic moment value is assigned to the non-quenched orbital moment of Jahn-Telle...
Schwinger-boson studies of the single hole motion in a 2d quantum antiferromagnet
Within the Schwinger-boson approach for the t-J model, the single hole problem in a two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet is studied by using the quantum Bogoliubov-de Gennes formalism which treats the distortion of the spin background and quantum spin fluctuations on an equal footing. Several self-trapped localized hole states are found in the distorted spin-background as in the case of an anisotropic Heisenberg model. These localized hole states survive at finite temperatures when the antiferromagnetic order becomes short-ranged. The energy separation between the two lowest states is reduced by considering the spin-background distortion, but it remains finite. (author). 17 refs, 5 figs, 1 tab
The depinning field of a domain wall in a permalloy nanostructure can be used to detect the presence of a magnetic particle. In this device the displacement of the domain wall in a sweeping magnetic field produces a variation of the voltage drop across a corner due to the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect and hence an electrical signal. In this paper we use micromagnetic simulations to calculate the output signal of a particularly shaped device in the presence of a single synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticle. The calculated magnetoresistive signal is in good agreement with corresponding experimental data
Uniaxial anisotropy and low-temperature antiferromagnetism of Mn2BO4 single crystal
Kazak, N. V.; Platunov, M. S.; Knyazev, Yu. V.; Ivanova, N. B.; Bayukov, O. A.; Vasiliev, A. D.; Bezmaternykh, L. N.; Nizhankovskii, V. I.; Gavrilkin, S. Yu.; Lamonova, K. V.; Ovchinnikov, S. G.
2015-11-01
The Mn2BO4 single crystals have been grown by the flux technique. A careful study of the crystal structure and magnetic properties have been carried out. The antiferromagnetic transition at TN=26 K has been traced through the dc magnetization and specific heat temperature dependences. Magnetic uniaxial anisotropy has been found with easy axis magnetization lying in the ab-plane. The obtained value of effective magnetic moment is assigned to the non-quenched orbital moment of Jahn-Teller Mn3+ ions. The discussion of magnetic properties is based on the superexchange interaction calculations.
Polar Order and Frustrated Antiferromagnetism in Perovskite Pb2MnWO6 Single Crystals.
Ivanov, Sergey A; Bush, Alexander A; Stash, Adam I; Kamentsev, Konstantin E; Shkuratov, Valerii Ya; Kvashnin, Yaroslav O; Autieri, Carmine; Di Marco, Igor; Sanyal, Biplab; Eriksson, Olle; Nordblad, Per; Mathieu, Roland
2016-03-21
Single crystals of the multiferroic double-perovskite Pb2MnWO6 have been synthesized and their structural, thermal, magnetic and dielectric properties studied in detail. Pure perovskite-phase formation and stoichiometric chemical composition of the as-grown crystals are confirmed by X-ray single-crystal and powder diffraction techniques as well as energy-dispersive X-ray and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Detailed structural analyses reveal that the crystals experience a structural phase transition from the cubic space group (s.g.) Fm3̅m to an orthorhombic structure in s.g. Pn21a at about 460 K. Dielectric data suggest that a ferrielectric phase transition takes place at that same temperature, in contrast to earlier results on polycrystalline samples, which reported a transition to s.g. Pnma and an antiferroelectric low-temperature phase. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that a frustrated antiferromagnetic phase emerges below 8 K. Density functional theory based calculations confirm that the cationic order between Mn and W is favorable. The lowest total energy was found for an antiferromagnetically ordered state. However, analyses of the calculated exchange parameters revealed strongly competing antiferromagnetic interactions. The large distance between the magnetic atoms, together with magnetic frustration, is shown to be the main reason for the low value of the ordering temperature observed experimentally. We discuss the structure-property relationships in Pb2MnWO6 and compare these observations to reported results on related Pb2BWO6 perovskites with different B cations. PMID:26954581
Uniaxial anisotropy and low-temperature antiferromagnetism of Mn2BO4 single crystal
The Mn2BO4 single crystals have been grown by the flux technique. A careful study of the crystal structure and magnetic properties have been carried out. The antiferromagnetic transition at TN=26 K has been traced through the dc magnetization and specific heat temperature dependences. Magnetic uniaxial anisotropy has been found with easy axis magnetization lying in the ab-plane. The obtained value of effective magnetic moment is assigned to the non-quenched orbital moment of Jahn–Teller Mn3+ ions. The discussion of magnetic properties is based on the superexchange interaction calculations. - Highlights: • Single-crystalline samples of Mn2BO4 of high quality were grown. The charge ordering oftype Mn2+(1)-Mn3+(2) was found. • The intrinsic antiferromagnetic transition at TN=26 K was observed through the magnetization and specific heat measurements. • An uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with easy axis of magnetization lying in ab-plane was found. • The superexchange interactions were calculated and the magnetic frustration was found
Polarized Neutron Studies on Antiferromagnetic Single Crystals: Technical Report No. 4
Nathans, R.; Riste, T.; Shirane, G.; Shull, C.G.
1958-11-26
The theory of neutron scattering by magnetic crystals as given by Halpern and Johnson predicts changes in the polarization state of the neutron beam upon scattering which depend upon the relative orientation of the neutron polarization vector and the crystal magnetic axis. This was investigated experimentally with a polarized beam spectrometer using single crystals of Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} and alpha - Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} in which reside unique antiferromagnetic axes. Studies were made on several different reflections in both crystals for a number of different temperatures both below and above the Neel point. Results support the theoretical predictions and indicate directions for the moments in these crystals consistent with previous work. A more detailed study of the polarization changes in the (111) reflection in alpha - Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} at room temperature on application of a magnetic field was carried out, The results indicate that the principal source of the parasitic ferromagnetism in hematite is essentially independent of the orientation of the antiferromagnetic domains within the crystal.
Conductance of ferro- and antiferro-magnetic single-atom contacts: A first-principles study
We present a first-principles study on the spin dependent conductance of five single-atom magnetic junctions consisting of a magnetic tip and an adatom adsorbed on a magnetic surface, i.e., the Co-Co/Co(001) and Ni-X/Ni(001) (X = Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) junctions. When their spin configuration changes from ferromagnetism to anti-ferromagnetism, the spin-up conductance increases while the spin-down one decreases. For the junctions with a magnetic adatom, there is nearly no spin valve effect as the decreased spin-down conductance counteracts the increased spin-up one. For the junction with a nonmagnetic adatom (Ni-Cu/Ni(001)), a spin valve effect is obtained with a variation of 22% in the total conductance. In addition, the change in spin configuration enhances the spin filter effect for the Ni-Fe/Ni(001) junction but suppresses it for the other junctions
Single-crystal study on the heavy-fermion antiferromagnet UZn12
Millimetre size UZn12 single crystals were grown by the high temperature solution growth method using zinc as the solvent. Single-crystal x-ray diffraction data confirm that this compound crystallizes in the hexagonal high temperature form of SmZn12 (S.G. P6/mmm) and points to a U1.01(1)Zn11.7(1) stoichiometry for the crystals, with ∼ 4% of the U atoms being located at the 2c site due to the partial substitution of 4h Zn pairs. UZn12 orders antiferromagnetically at TN = 5.0(2) K, and the magnetization and resistivity measurements suggest that the magnetic moments are confined within the a-b plane. The Sommerfeld coefficient, derived from the paramagnetic region by the standard method, is γp∼200 mJ (mol K2)-1, which definitely classifies UZn12 as a moderate heavy-fermion system. The heavy-fermion character of UZn12 is also manifested in the overall shape of temperature-dependent electrical resistivity that is dominated by a single-ion Kondo effect at high temperatures and coherent Kondo scattering at low temperatures. The paramagnetic magnetoresistivity isotherms can be fairly well superimposed onto each other using Schlottmann's scaling for the single-ion Kondo model, as expected for a Kondo system.
Spin liquid in a single crystal of the frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnet CoAl2O4
Zaharko, O.; Christensen, Niels Bech; Cervellino, A.;
2011-01-01
We study the evidence for spin liquid in the frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnet CoAl2O4 by means of single-crystal neutron scattering in zero and applied magnetic fields. The magnetically ordered phase appearing below T-N = 8 K remains nonconventional down to 1.5 K. The magnetic Bragg pea...
Spin wave dynamics in Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes
Mi, Bin-Zhou
2016-09-01
The spin wave dynamics, including the magnetization, spin wave dispersion relation, and energy level splitting, of Heisenberg ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic single-walled nanotubes are systematically calculated by use of the double-time Green's function method within the random phase approximation. The role of temperature, diameter of the tube, and wave vector on spin wave energy spectrum and energy level splitting are carefully analyzed. There are two categories of spin wave modes, which are quantized and degenerate, and the total number of independent magnon branches is dependent on diameter of the tube, caused by the physical symmetry of nanotubes. Moreover, the number of flat spin wave modes increases with diameter of the tube rising. The spin wave energy and the energy level splitting decrease with temperature rising, and become zero as temperature reaches the critical point. At any temperature, the energy level splitting varies with wave vector, and for a larger wave vector it is smaller. When pb=π, the boundary of first Brillouin zone, spin wave energies are degenerate, and the energy level splittings are zero.
The magnetic properties of CsCrCl3, an antiferromagnetic chain compound with single-ion anisotropy
The magnetic structure and excitations of the linear chain hexagonal perovskite salt CsCrCl3 have been studied by susceptibility, powder and single crystal neutron diffraction and coherent inelastic neutron scattering. Below the Neel temperature, Tsub(N) = 16 K, the spins lie in the basal plane with antiferromagnetic ordering along the c-axis chains. At 4.5 K there is strong dispersion of the spin-wave energy along c but no measurable dispersion perpendicular to c. (orig.)
Antiferromagnetic order and Kondo-lattice behavior in single-crystalline Ce2RhSi3
Szlawska, M.; Kaczorowski, D.; Ślebarski, A.; Gulay, L.; Stępień-Damm, J.
2009-04-01
Single crystal of Ce2RhSi3 was investigated by means of x-ray diffraction, magnetization, electrical resistivity, and heat-capacity measurements. Moreover, its electronic structure was studied by cerium core-level x-ray photoemission spectroscopy. The results revealed that Ce2RhSi3 is an antiferromagnetic Kondo lattice due to the presence of stable trivalent Ce ions.
Duan, T. F.; Ren, W. J.; Liu, W.; Zhang, Z. D.
2016-08-01
The magnetic structure of MnSn2 and magnetic phase transitions in this compound have been investigated by magnetic measurements on single crystals. The results show that two antiferromagnetic (AFM) states exist below 325 K and that a transition between these two phases occurs at 74 K. Applying a magnetic field (H) has great influence on the transition temperature. An anomalous magnetization process at low fields occurs when the magnetic field applied along the [110] direction, which is ascribed to the contribution of the basal anisotropy. Based on the data for the magnetization processes and the phase transition of the present single crystal, the H-T phase diagram has been established.
Jungwirth, T.; Marti, X.; Wadley, P.; Wunderlich, J.
2016-03-01
Antiferromagnetic materials are internally magnetic, but the direction of their ordered microscopic moments alternates between individual atomic sites. The resulting zero net magnetic moment makes magnetism in antiferromagnets externally invisible. This implies that information stored in antiferromagnetic moments would be invisible to common magnetic probes, insensitive to disturbing magnetic fields, and the antiferromagnetic element would not magnetically affect its neighbours, regardless of how densely the elements are arranged in the device. The intrinsic high frequencies of antiferromagnetic dynamics represent another property that makes antiferromagnets distinct from ferromagnets. Among the outstanding questions is how to manipulate and detect the magnetic state of an antiferromagnet efficiently. In this Review we focus on recent works that have addressed this question. The field of antiferromagnetic spintronics can also be viewed from the general perspectives of spin transport, magnetic textures and dynamics, and materials research. We briefly mention this broader context, together with an outlook of future research and applications of antiferromagnetic spintronics.
Antiferromagnetic order in single crystals of the S =2 quasi-one-dimensional chain MnCl3(bpy)
Shinozaki, Shin-ichi; Okutani, Akira; Yoshizawa, Daichi; Kida, Takanori; Takeuchi, Tetsuya; Yamamoto, Shoji; Risset, Olivia N.; Talham, Daniel R.; Meisel, Mark W.; Hagiwara, Masayuki
2016-01-01
A suite of experimental tools, including high-field magnetization and electron spin resonance (ESR) studies in magnetic fields of up to 50 T and heat capacity studies up to 9 T, have revealed antiferromagnetic order in single crystals of the Heisenberg S =2 chain compound MnCl3(bpy), where bpy is 2 ,2'-bipyridine . The Néel temperature, which depends on the strength of the applied magnetic field and its orientation with respect to the crystalline axes that was revealed by heat capacity measurements, is near 11.5 K in zero field. The spin-flop transition is identified in the magnetization curve acquired at 1.7 K and at μoHSFc=24 T along the c axis. The transition field HSF is lower than that expected from the previous antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) studies on a powder sample. The identification of the long-range antiferromagnetic order resolves an earlier report by Granroth et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1616 (1996)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.1616 that identified MnCl3(bpy) as an S =2 Haldane system down to 40 mK. The ESR studies identify a wide range of antiferromagnetic resonance modes that provide additional microscopic information about the g values (ga*=2.09 , gb=1.92 , and gc=2.07 ), the zero-field splitting constants, D /kB=-1.5 K and E /kB=-0.17 K when the nearest-neighbor spin interaction J /kB=31.2 K, which is evaluated from fitting the susceptibility, and the anisotropy of this compound (easy axis is the c axis, the second easy-axis is the b axis, and the hard axis is the a* axis), when using a standard (two-sublattice) AFMR analysis that does not quantitatively reproduce the observed HSFc value. The observed resonance mode indicates the frequency minimum at HSFc.
Uniaxial anisotropy and low-temperature antiferromagnetism of Mn{sub 2}BO{sub 4} single crystal
Kazak, N.V., E-mail: nat@iph.krasn.ru [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, SB of RAS, Academgorodok 50/38, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Platunov, M.S. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, SB of RAS, Academgorodok 50/38, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Knyazev, Yu.V.; Ivanova, N.B. [Siberian Federal University, 660074 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Bayukov, O.A. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, SB of RAS, Academgorodok 50/38, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Vasiliev, A.D. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, SB of RAS, Academgorodok 50/38, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Siberian Federal University, 660074 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Bezmaternykh, L.N. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, SB of RAS, Academgorodok 50/38, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Nizhankovskii, V.I. [International Laboratory of High Magnetic Fields and Low Temperatures, PL-53421 Wroclaw (Poland); Gavrilkin, S.Yu. [P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Lamonova, K.V. [O.O. Galkin Donetsk Institute for Physics and Engineering, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 83114 Donetsk (Ukraine); Ovchinnikov, S.G. [L.V. Kirensky Institute of Physics, SB of RAS, Academgorodok 50/38, 660036 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Siberian Federal University, 660074 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation); Siberian State Aerospace University, 660014 Krasnoyarsk (Russian Federation)
2015-11-01
The Mn{sub 2}BO{sub 4} single crystals have been grown by the flux technique. A careful study of the crystal structure and magnetic properties have been carried out. The antiferromagnetic transition at T{sub N}=26 K has been traced through the dc magnetization and specific heat temperature dependences. Magnetic uniaxial anisotropy has been found with easy axis magnetization lying in the ab-plane. The obtained value of effective magnetic moment is assigned to the non-quenched orbital moment of Jahn–Teller Mn{sup 3+} ions. The discussion of magnetic properties is based on the superexchange interaction calculations. - Highlights: • Single-crystalline samples of Mn{sub 2}BO{sub 4} of high quality were grown. The charge ordering oftype Mn{sup 2+}(1)-Mn{sup 3+}(2) was found. • The intrinsic antiferromagnetic transition at T{sub N}=26 K was observed through the magnetization and specific heat measurements. • An uniaxial magnetic anisotropy with easy axis of magnetization lying in ab-plane was found. • The superexchange interactions were calculated and the magnetic frustration was found.
Palii, Andrei V; Reu, Oleg S; Ostrovsky, Sergei M; Klokishner, Sophia I; Tsukerblat, Boris S; Sun, Zhong-Ming; Mao, Jiang-Gao; Prosvirin, Andrey V; Zhao, Han-Hua; Dunbar, Kim R
2008-11-01
In this article we report for the first time experimental details concerning the synthesis and full characterization (including the single-crystal X-ray structure) of the spin-canted zigzag-chain compound [Co(H2L)(H2O)]infinity [L = 4-Me-C6H4-CH2N(CPO3H2)2], which contains antiferromagnetically coupled, highly magnetically anisotropic Co(II) ions with unquenched orbital angular momenta, and we also propose a new model to explain the single-chain magnet behavior of this compound. The model takes into account (1) the tetragonal crystal field and the spin-orbit interaction acting on each Co(II) ion, (2) the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg exchange between neighboring Co(II) ions, and (3) the tilting of the tetragonal axes of the neighboring Co units in the zigzag structure. We show that the tilting of the anisotropy axes gives rise to spin canting and consequently to a nonvanishing magnetization for the compound. In the case of a strong tetragonal field that stabilizes the orbital doublet of Co(II), the effective pseudo-spin-1/2 Hamiltonian describing the interaction between the Co ions in their ground Kramers doublet states is shown to be of the Ising type. An analytical expression for the static magnetic susceptibility of the infinite spin-canted chain is obtained. The model provides an excellent fit to the experimental data on both the static and dynamic magnetic properties of the chain. PMID:18839950
Jin, Zuanming; Mics, Zoltán; Ma, Guohong;
2013-01-01
We report on the coherent control of terahertz (THz) spin waves in a canted antiferromagnet yttrium orthoferrite, YFeO3, associated with a quasiferromagnetic (quasi-FM) spin resonance at a frequency of 0.3 THz, using a single-incident THz pulse. The spin resonance is excited impulsively by the ma...
Zverev, M V; Clark, J W
2001-01-01
On the basis of analysis of the Landau-Pitaevskii one has determined that antiferromagnetic transition follows fermion condensation and rearrangement of single-particle degrees of freedom. It results in the spectrum of single-particle excitations. The derived results are used to explain structure of slit in the spectrum at T = 0 in two-dimensional high-temperature superconductors with a square lattice. They may be, as well, used to describe superfluid states of strongly correlated systems with fermion condensation
Paramagnetism and antiferromagnetic interactions in single-phase Fe-implanted ZnO
Pereira, Lino Miguel da Costa; Correia, João Guilherme; Van Bael, M J; Temst, Kristiaan; Vantomme, André; Araújo, João Pedro
2013-01-01
As the intrinsic origin of the high temperature ferromagnetism often observed in wide-gap dilute magnetic semiconductors becomes increasingly debated, there is a growing need for comprehensive studies on the single-phase region of the phase diagram of these materials. Here we report on the magnetic and structural properties of Fe-doped ZnO prepared by ion implantation of ZnO single crystals. A detailed structural characterization shows that the Fe impurities substitute for Zn in ZnO in a wurtzite Zn$_{1−x}$Fe$_{x}$O phase which is coherent with the ZnO host. In addition, the density of beam-induced defects is progressively decreased by thermal annealing up to 900$^{\\circ}$C, from highly disordered after implantation to highly crystalline upon subsequent annealing. Based on a detailed analysis of the magnetometry data, we demonstrate that isolated Fe impurities occupying Zn substitutional sites behave as localized paramagnetic moments down to 2$^{\\circ}$K, irrespective of the Fe concentration and the density...
Kaczorowski, D.; Pikul, A. P.; Gnida, D.; Tran, V. H.
2009-07-01
Single crystals of Ce2PdIn8 were studied by means of magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity, and specific heat measurements. The compound was found to be a heavy fermion clean-limit superconductor with Tc=0.68K. Most remarkably, the superconductivity in this system emerges out of the antiferromagnetic state that sets in at TN=10K, and both cooperative phenomena coexist in a bulk at ambient pressure conditions.
Kaczorowski, D.; Pikul, A. P.; Gnida, D.; Tran, V. H.
2009-01-01
Single crystals of Ce2PdIn8 were studied by means of magnetic susceptibility, electrical resistivity and specific heat measurements. The compound was found to be a heavy fermion clean-limit superconductor with Tc = 0.68 K. Most remarkably, the superconductivity in this system emerges out of the antiferromagnetic state that sets in at TN = 10 K, and both cooperative phenomena coexist in a bulk at ambient pressure conditions.
Brecht, E.; Casalta, H.; Schleger, P.;
1994-01-01
In YBa2Cu3-AlxO6+delta single crystals antiferromagnetic AFII ordering has been observed below 18 K by neutron diffraction. The transition temperature T-2 to the AFI ordering increases with x and delta.......In YBa2Cu3-AlxO6+delta single crystals antiferromagnetic AFII ordering has been observed below 18 K by neutron diffraction. The transition temperature T-2 to the AFI ordering increases with x and delta....
The dynamic structure factors S(q,w) of an ideal percolating network, the three-dimensional (3d) dilute Heisenberg antiferromagnet RbMn0.4Mg0.6F3, obtained from high resolution (ΔE = 17.5 (micro)eV) inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments are analyzed for the first time within the framework of the single-length-scaling postulate (SLSP). The analysis confirms the validity of the SLSP and is also used to extract the values of the key exponents governing the spin dynamics, the dynamic exponent (zAF = Df/tildedAF) being 2.5 ± 0.1 and the spectral dimension tildedAF for antiferromagnetic (AFM) fractons taking a value of unity.
Antiferromagnetic resonance in charge ordering state of Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3-δ single crystal
An antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) is observed in the charge ordered antiferromagnetic phase of Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3-δ single crystal for the first time. Above the Neel temperature, TN=173 K, a paramagnetic resonance with g=2.0 is observed. There is no significant change of the resonance spectra at the charge ordering transition temperature, TCO=242 K. Below TN, a branch of AFMR is found. Since the resonance field of this mode increases linearly as the frequency is decreased, this branch is assigned as the spin-flop mode. Below 60 K, the critical fields, BC, evaluated as the extrapolation of this mode to zero frequency agree well with the insulator-metal transition fields, BCO, at which the melting of the charge-ordering phase occurs. Present results indicate that the temperature dependence of BCO is affected by the temperature dependence of BC
Antiferromagnetic resonance in charge ordering state of Pr 0.5Ca 0.5MnO 3- δ single crystal
Kawamata, S.; Noguchi, S.; Okuda, K.; Nojiri, H.; Motokawa, M.
2001-05-01
An antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) is observed in the charge ordered antiferromagnetic phase of Pr 0.5Ca 0.5MnO 3- δ single crystal for the first time. Above the Néel temperature, TN=173 K, a paramagnetic resonance with g=2.0 is observed. There is no significant change of the resonance spectra at the charge ordering transition temperature, TCO=242 K. Below TN, a branch of AFMR is found. Since the resonance field of this mode increases linearly as the frequency is decreased, this branch is assigned as the spin-flop mode. Below 60 K, the critical fields, BC, evaluated as the extrapolation of this mode to zero frequency agree well with the insulator-metal transition fields, BCO, at which the melting of the charge-ordering phase occurs. Present results indicate that the temperature dependence of BCO is affected by the temperature dependence of BC.
The geometrically frustrated antiferromagnet Gd2Ti2O7 is an easy-planer anisotropic system in which single ion anisotropy mainly arises due to the considerable admixture of higher Russel-Saunders terms of Gd3+ ion to its ground term 8S. The g-value of the ground CF doublet becomes anisotropic, g parallel = 1.99, g perpendicular = 7.97, instead of the free-ion isotropic value 2. The ground multiplet 8S7/2 splits into 4 doublets with total splitting ∼16 K, thus exhibiting its characteristic specific heat feature below 5 K. (author)
Li, Hai-Feng; Cao, Chongde; Wildes, Andrew; Schmidt, Wolfgang; Schmalzl, Karin; Hou, Binyang; Regnault, Louis-Pierre; Zhang, Cong; Meuffels, Paul; Löser, Wolfgang; Roth, Georg
2015-01-01
Identifying the nature of magnetism, itinerant or localized, remains a major challenge in condensed-matter science. Purely localized moments appear only in magnetic insulators, whereas itinerant moments more or less co-exist with localized moments in metallic compounds such as the doped-cuprate or the iron-based superconductors, hampering a thorough understanding of the role of magnetism in phenomena like superconductivity or magnetoresistance. Here we distinguish two antiferromagnetic modulations with respective propagation wave vectors at Q± = (H ± 0.557(1), 0, L ± 0.150(1)) and QC = (H ± 0.564(1), 0, L), where (H, L) are allowed Miller indices, in an ErPd2Si2 single crystal by neutron scattering and establish their respective temperature- and field-dependent phase diagrams. The modulations can co-exist but also compete depending on temperature or applied field strength. They couple differently with the underlying lattice albeit with associated moments in a common direction. The Q± modulation may be attributed to localized 4f moments while the QC correlates well with itinerant conduction bands, supported by our transport studies. Hence, ErPd2Si2 represents a new model compound that displays clearly-separated itinerant and localized moments, substantiating early theoretical predictions and providing a unique platform allowing the study of itinerant electron behavior in a localized antiferromagnetic matrix. PMID:25608949
Adelnia, Fatemeh [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano and INSTM, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia and INSTM, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); Chiesa, Alessandro; Bordignon, Sara; Carretta, Stefano [Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Parma, I-43124 Parma (Italy); Ghirri, Alberto; Candini, Andrea [CNR Institute Nanosciences S3, I- 41125 Modena (Italy); Cervetti, Christian [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche, Matematiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41125 Modena (Italy); Evangelisti, Marco [CNR Institute Nanosciences S3, I- 41125 Modena (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche, Matematiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41125 Modena (Italy); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón and Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Affronte, Marco [CNR Institute Nanosciences S3, I- 41125 Modena (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche, Matematiche, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, I-41125 Modena (Italy); Sheikin, Ilya [Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory, CNRS-LNCMI, 25, B.P. 166, 38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Winpenny, Richard; Timco, Grigore [The Lewis Magnetism Laboratory, The University of Manchester, M13 9PL Manchester (United Kingdom); Borsa, Ferdinando [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia and INSTM, I-27100 Pavia (Italy); and others
2015-12-28
A detailed experimental investigation of the effects giving rise to the magnetic energy level structure in the vicinity of the level crossing (LC) at low temperature is reported for the open antiferromagnetic molecular ring Cr{sub 8}Zn. The study is conducted by means of thermodynamic techniques (torque magnetometry, magnetization and specific heat measurements) and microscopic techniques (nuclear magnetic resonance line width, nuclear spin lattice, and spin-spin relaxation measurements). The experimental results are shown to be in excellent agreement with theoretical calculations based on a minimal spin model Hamiltonian, which includes a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The first ground state level crossing at μ{sub 0}H{sub c1} = 2.15 T is found to be an almost true LC while the second LC at μ{sub 0}H{sub c2} = 6.95 T has an anti-crossing gap of Δ{sub 12} = 0.19 K. In addition, both NMR and specific heat measurements show the presence of a level anti-crossing between excited states at μ{sub 0}H = 4.5 T as predicted by the theory. In all cases, the fit of the experimental data is improved by introducing a distribution of the isotropic exchange couplings (J), i.e., using a J strain model. The peaks at the first and second LCs in the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate are dominated by inelastic scattering and a value of Γ ∼ 10{sup 10} rad/s is inferred for the life time broadening of the excited state of the open ring, due to spin phonon interaction. A loss of NMR signal (wipe-out effect) is observed for the first time at LC and is explained by the enhancement of the spin-spin relaxation rate due to the inelastic scattering.
A detailed experimental investigation of the effects giving rise to the magnetic energy level structure in the vicinity of the level crossing (LC) at low temperature is reported for the open antiferromagnetic molecular ring Cr8Zn. The study is conducted by means of thermodynamic techniques (torque magnetometry, magnetization and specific heat measurements) and microscopic techniques (nuclear magnetic resonance line width, nuclear spin lattice, and spin-spin relaxation measurements). The experimental results are shown to be in excellent agreement with theoretical calculations based on a minimal spin model Hamiltonian, which includes a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The first ground state level crossing at μ0Hc1 = 2.15 T is found to be an almost true LC while the second LC at μ0Hc2 = 6.95 T has an anti-crossing gap of Δ12 = 0.19 K. In addition, both NMR and specific heat measurements show the presence of a level anti-crossing between excited states at μ0H = 4.5 T as predicted by the theory. In all cases, the fit of the experimental data is improved by introducing a distribution of the isotropic exchange couplings (J), i.e., using a J strain model. The peaks at the first and second LCs in the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate are dominated by inelastic scattering and a value of Γ ∼ 1010 rad/s is inferred for the life time broadening of the excited state of the open ring, due to spin phonon interaction. A loss of NMR signal (wipe-out effect) is observed for the first time at LC and is explained by the enhancement of the spin-spin relaxation rate due to the inelastic scattering
Adelnia, Fatemeh; Chiesa, Alessandro; Bordignon, Sara; Carretta, Stefano; Ghirri, Alberto; Candini, Andrea; Cervetti, Christian; Evangelisti, Marco; Affronte, Marco; Sheikin, Ilya; Winpenny, Richard; Timco, Grigore; Borsa, Ferdinando; Lascialfari, Alessandro
2015-12-01
A detailed experimental investigation of the effects giving rise to the magnetic energy level structure in the vicinity of the level crossing (LC) at low temperature is reported for the open antiferromagnetic molecular ring Cr8Zn. The study is conducted by means of thermodynamic techniques (torque magnetometry, magnetization and specific heat measurements) and microscopic techniques (nuclear magnetic resonance line width, nuclear spin lattice, and spin-spin relaxation measurements). The experimental results are shown to be in excellent agreement with theoretical calculations based on a minimal spin model Hamiltonian, which includes a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The first ground state level crossing at μ0Hc1 = 2.15 T is found to be an almost true LC while the second LC at μ0Hc2 = 6.95 T has an anti-crossing gap of Δ12 = 0.19 K. In addition, both NMR and specific heat measurements show the presence of a level anti-crossing between excited states at μ0H = 4.5 T as predicted by the theory. In all cases, the fit of the experimental data is improved by introducing a distribution of the isotropic exchange couplings (J), i.e., using a J strain model. The peaks at the first and second LCs in the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate are dominated by inelastic scattering and a value of Γ ˜ 1010 rad/s is inferred for the life time broadening of the excited state of the open ring, due to spin phonon interaction. A loss of NMR signal (wipe-out effect) is observed for the first time at LC and is explained by the enhancement of the spin-spin relaxation rate due to the inelastic scattering.
Exchange bias in diluted-antiferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers
The hysteresis-loop properties of a diluted-antiferromagnetic (DAF) layer exchange coupling to an antiferromagnetic (AF) layer are investigated by means of numerical simulations. Remarkable loop shift and coercivity enhancement are observed in such DAF/AF bilayers, while they are absent in the uncoupled DAF single layer. The influences of pinned domains, dilution, cooling field and DAF layer thickness on the loop shift are investigated systematically. The result unambiguously confirms an exchange bias (EB) effect in the DAF/AF bilayers. It also reveals that the EB effect originates from the pinned AF domains within the DAF layer. In contrast to conventional EB systems, frozen uncompensated spins are not found at the interface of the AF pinning layer. (paper)
Spintronics of antiferromagnetic systems
Spintronics of antiferromagnetics is a new field that has developed in a fascinating research topic in physics of magnetism. Antiferromagnetics, like ferromagnetic materials experience the influence of spin-polarized current, even though they show no macroscopic magnetization. The mechanism of this phenomenon is related to spin-dependent interaction between free and localized electrons-sd-exchange. Due to the peculiarities of antiferromagnetic materials (complicated magnetic structure, essential role of the exchange interactions, lack of macroscopic magnetization) spintronics of antiferromagnets appeals to new theoretical and experimental approaches. The purpose of this review is to systemize and summarize the recent progress in this field. We start with a short introduction into the structure and dynamics of antiferromagnets and proceed with discussion of different microscopic and phenomenological theories for description of current-induced phenomena in ferro-/antiferromagnetic heterostructures. We also consider the problems of the reverse influence of antiferromagnetic ordering on current, and effectiveness of the fully antiferromagnetic spin valve. In addition, we shortly review and interpret the available experimental results.
Antiferromagnets at Low Temperatures
The low-temperature properties of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet in 2+1 space-time dimensions are analyzed within the framework of effective Lagrangians. It is shown that the magnon-magnon interaction is very weak and repulsive, manifesting itself through a term proportional to five powers of the temperature in the pressure. The structure of the low-temperature series for antiferromagnets in 2+1 dimensions is compared with the structure of the analogous series for antiferromagnets in 3+1 dimensions. The model-independent and systematic effective field theory approach clearly proves to be superior to conventional condensed matter methods such as spin-wave theory.
Ferromagnetic response of a ``high-temperature'' quantum antiferromagnet
Wang, Xin
2014-03-01
We study the antiferromagnetic phase of the ionic Hubbard model at finite temperature using dynamical mean-field theory. We find that the ionic potential plays a dual role in determining the antiferromagnetic order. A small ionic potential (compared to the Hubbard repulsion) increases the super-exchange coupling, thereby implying an increase of the Neel temperature of the system, which should facilitate observation of antiferromagnetic ordering experimentally. On the other hand, for large ionic potential, the antiferromagnetic ordering is killed and the system becomes a charge density wave with electron occupancies alternating between 0 and 2. This novel way of degrading antiferromagnetism leads to spin polarization of the low energy single particle density of states. The dynamic response of the system thus mimics ferromagnetic behavior, although the system is still an antiferromagnet in terms of the static spin order. Work done in collaboration with Rajdeep Sensarma and Sankar Das Sarma, and supported by NSF-JQI-PFC, AFOSR MURI, and ARO MURI.
Cao, Chongde; Wildes, Andrew; Li, Haifeng; Schmidt, Wolfgang; Schmalzl, Karin; Hou, Binyang; Regnault, Louis-Pierre; Zhang, Cong; Meuffels, Paul; Löser, Wolfgang; Roth, Georg
2015-01-01
Identifying the nature of magnetism, itinerant or localized, remains a major challenge in condensed-matter science. Purely localized moments appear only in magnetic insulators, whereas itinerant moments more or less co-exist with localized moments in metallic compounds such as the doped-cuprate or the iron-based superconductors, hampering a thorough understanding of the role of magnetism in phenomena like superconductivity or magnetoresistance. Here we distinguish two antiferromagnetic modula...
Antiferromagnetic spin-orbitronics
Manchon, Aurelien
2015-05-01
Antiferromagnets have long remained an intriguing and exotic state of matter, whose application has been restricted to enabling interfacial exchange bias in metallic and tunneling spin-valves [1]. Their role in the expanding field of applied spintronics has been mostly passive and the in-depth investigation of their basic properties mostly considered from a fundamental perspective.
Nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch
2008-01-01
I denne Ph.D. afhandling studeres forskellige egenskaber ved antiferromagnetiske nanopartikler. I en ideel antiferromagnet er spinnene orienteret således at der ikke er et resulterende magnetisk moment. I nanopartikler af antiferromagnetiske materialer er denne kompensation på grund af forskellig...
Prospect for antiferromagnetic spintronics
Martí, Xavier; Fina, I.; Jungwirth, Tomáš
2015-01-01
Roč. 51, č. 4 (2015), s. 2900104. ISSN 0018-9464 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR GB14-37427G Grant ostatní: ERC Advanced Grant 0MSPIN(XE) 268066 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : spintronics * antiferromagnets Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.386, year: 2014
Antiferromagnetic crystalline topological insulators
LIU, CHAO-XING
2013-01-01
The gapless surface Dirac cone of time reversal invariant topological insulators is protected by time reversal symmetry due to the Kramers' theorem. Spin degree of freedom is usually required since Kramers' theorem only guarantees double degeneracy for spinful fermions, but not for spinless fermions. In this paper, we present an antiferromagnetic spinless model, which breaks time reversal symmetry. Similar to time reversal invariant topological insulators, this model possesses a topologically...
Bose-Einstein condensation in antiferromagnets at low temperatures
The Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) was predicted by Einstein in 1925 and this effect is characterized by the formation of a collective quantum state, when macroscopic number of particles is governed by a single wave function. The BEC of magnons was discovered experimentally in superfluid phase of 3He. In the present work we report our progress on the BEC of magnons investigations in solid antiferromagnets at low temperatures by magnetic resonance methods. The duration of the FID signal in two samples of easy-plane antiferromagnets CsMnF3 has been studied. Obtained data confirm the formation of magnon BEC in antiferromagnet CsMnF3
Ordered Phase in the Fermionized Heisenberg Antiferromagnet
Azakov, S.; Dilaver, M.; Oztas, A. M.
1999-01-01
Thermal properties of the ordered phase of the spin 1/2 isotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on a d-dimensional hypercubical lattice are studied within the fermionic representation when the constraint of single occupancy condition is taken into account by the method suggested by Popov and Fedotov. Using saddle point approximation in path integral approach we discuss not only the leading order but also the fluctuations around the saddle point at one-loop level. The influence of taking into acc...
Antiferromagnetic spin Seebeck effect.
Wu, Stephen M.; Zhang, Wei; KC, Amit; Borisov, Pavel; Pearson, John E.; Jiang, J. Samuel; Lederman, David; Hoffmann, Axel; Bhattacharya, Anand
2016-03-03
We report on the observation of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnetic MnF2. A device scale on-chip heater is deposited on a bilayer of MnF2 (110) (30nm)/Pt (4 nm) grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a MgF2(110) substrate. Using Pt as a spin detector layer, it is possible to measure the thermally generated spin current from MnF2 through the inverse spin Hall effect. The low temperature (2–80 K) and high magnetic field (up to 140 kOe) regime is explored. A clear spin-flop transition corresponding to the sudden rotation of antiferromagnetic spins out of the easy axis is observed in the spin Seebeck signal when large magnetic fields (>9T) are applied parallel to the easy axis of the MnF2 thin film. When the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the easy axis, the spin-flop transition is absent, as expected.
Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet
Wadley, P.; Howells, B.; Železný, J.; Andrews, C.; Hills, V.; Campion, R. P.; Novák, V.; Olejník, K.; Maccherozzi, F.; Dhesi, S. S.; Martin, S. Y.; Wagner, T.; Wunderlich, J.; Freimuth, F.; Mokrousov, Y.; Kuneš, J.; Chauhan, J. S.; Grzybowski, M. J.; Rushforth, A. W.; Edmonds, K. W.; Gallagher, B. L.; Jungwirth, T.
2016-02-01
Antiferromagnets are hard to control by external magnetic fields because of the alternating directions of magnetic moments on individual atoms and the resulting zero net magnetization. However, relativistic quantum mechanics allows for generating current-induced internal fields whose sign alternates with the periodicity of the antiferromagnetic lattice. Using these fields, which couple strongly to the antiferromagnetic order, we demonstrate room-temperature electrical switching between stable configurations in antiferromagnetic CuMnAs thin-film devices by applied current with magnitudes of order 106 ampere per square centimeter. Electrical writing is combined in our solid-state memory with electrical readout and the stored magnetic state is insensitive to and produces no external magnetic field perturbations, which illustrates the unique merits of antiferromagnets for spintronics.
Yeninas, Steven [Ames Laboratory; Pandey, Abhishek [Ames Laboratory; Ogloblichev, V. [Ural Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Mikhalev, K. [Ural Division of Russian Academy of Sciences; Johnston, David C. [Ames Laboratory; Furukawa, Yuji [Ames Laboratory
2013-12-23
The magnetic structure and metal-insulator transition in antiferromagnetic (AFM) BaMn2As2 and Ba1−xKxMn2As2 single crystals have been investigated by 55Mn and 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. In the parent AFM insulator BaMn2As2 with a Néel temperature TN=625 K, we observed a 55Mn zero-field NMR (ZFNMR) spectrum and confirmed the G-type AFM structure from the field dependence of the 55Mn spectra and 75As NMR spectra below TN. In hole-doped crystals with x>0.01, similar 55Mn ZFNMR spectra were observed and the AFM state was revealed to be robust up to x=0.4 with the ordered moment nearly independent of x. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rates (1/T1) for both nuclei in the doped samples follow the Korringa relation T1T=const, indicating a metallic state. This confirms the coexistence of AFM ordered localized Mn spins and conduction carriers from a microscopic point of view. From the x dependence of (T1T)−1/2 for both nuclei, we conclude that this transition is caused by vanishing of the hole concentration as the transition is approached from the metallic side.
Antiferromagnetic fractons in percolating magnets
We report the observations of the dynamical structure factors S(q,ω) for antiffero-magnetic fractons in diluted three-dimensional (3d) and two-dimensional (2d) Heisenberg systems, RbMn0.4Mg0.6F3 and Rb2Mn0.598Mg0.402F4, with a magnetic concentration close to the percolation concentration, which were obtained by means of high-resolution (ΔE=17.5 μeV) inelastic neutron scattering experiments. The peak intensity A(q) and the dispersion relation E(q) show the clear scaling laws following to A(q) ∝ q-y with y=2.9±0.1 and E(q) ∝ qz with z=2.5±0.1 for the 3d system, and y=2.9±0.2 and z=1.8±0.2 for the 2d system. The validity of the single-length-scaling postulate (SLSP) for S(q,ω) are demonstrated, for the first time. In addition, we show that the spectral dimension of antiferromagnetic fractons is unity independent of the embedding Euclidean dimension of the systems. These values are consistent with the theoretical predictions. (author)
Spin waves in antiferromagnetic FeF2
Hutchings, M T; Rainford, B.D.; Guggenheim, H J
1970-01-01
Spin-wave dispersion in antiferromagnetic FeF2 has been investigated by inelastic neutron scattering using a chopper time-of-flight spectrometer. The single mode observed has a relatively flat dispersion curve rising from 53 cm-1 at the zone centre to 79 cm-1 at the zone boundary. A spin Hamilton......Spin-wave dispersion in antiferromagnetic FeF2 has been investigated by inelastic neutron scattering using a chopper time-of-flight spectrometer. The single mode observed has a relatively flat dispersion curve rising from 53 cm-1 at the zone centre to 79 cm-1 at the zone boundary. A spin...
Inelastic neutron scattering experiments on Nd2BaNiO5 single crystals and powder samples are used to study the dynamic coupling of one-dimensional Haldane-gap excitations in the S=1 Ni2+-chains to local crystal-field transitions, associated with the rare earth ions. Substantial interference between the two types of excitations is observed even in the one-dimensional paramagnetic phase. Despite that, the results provide solid justification for the previously proposed ''static staggered field'' model for R2BaNiO5 nickelates. The observed behavior is qualitatively explained by a simple chain-random-phase-approximation model. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society
Classical and quantum anisotropic Heisenberg antiferromagnets
W. Selke
2009-01-01
Full Text Available We study classical and quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets with exchange anisotropy of XXZ-type and crystal field single-ion terms of quadratic and quartic form in a field. The magnets display a variety of phases, including the spin-flop (or, in the quantum case, spin-liquid and biconical (corresponding, in the quantum lattice gas description, to supersolid phases. Applying ground-state considerations, Monte Carlo and density matrix renormalization group methods, the impact of quantum effects and lattice dimension is analysed. Interesting critical and multicritical behaviour may occur at quantum and thermal phase transitions.
Spin structures in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Brok, Erik
In this thesis magnetic structures of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles are studied as a function of particle size and aggregation. In nanoparticles the magnetic structure can be different from that of the corresponding bulk system due to the following reasons: a) a significant surface contribution...... a detailed knowledge of it can be important for applications of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles for example combined with ferromagnetic nanoparticles in nanocomposite devices. In this thesis the magnetic structure, in particular the orientation of the spins in the antiferromagnetic sublattices......, is investigated in systems of magnetic nanoparticles using a variety of experimental techniques. The spin structure in systems with spin canting, due to magnetic atoms in low symmetry surroundings, is studied in a theoretical model that is able to quantitatively explain observations of anomalous temperature...
Quantum critical behavior in a two-layer antiferromagnet
We analyze quantum Monte Carlo data in the vicinity of the quantum transition between a Neel state and a quantum paramagnet in a two-layer, square-lattice spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet. The real-space correlation function and the universal amplitude ratio of the structure factor and the dynamic susceptibility show clear evidence of quantum critical behavior at low temperatures. The numerical results are in good quantitative agreement with 1/N calculations for the O(N) nonlinear σ model. A discrepancy, reported earlier, between the critical properties of the antiferromagnet and the σ model is resolved. We also discuss the values of prefactors of the dynamic susceptibility and the structure factor in a single-layer antiferromagnet at low T
Antiferromagnetism in chromium alloy single crystals
Bjerrum Møller, Hans; Trego, A.L.; Mackintosh, A.R.
1965-01-01
that, above a certain concentration, the oscillatory magnetization becomes commensurate with the lattice. The resistivity and thermoelectric power have also been studied as a function of temperature between 4.2°K and 450°K. Pronounced anomalies were observed in the transport properties just below the...... Néel temperatute, and these are interpreted in terms of the magnitude and position of the magnetic superzone energy gaps and the change in magnetic disorder scattering....
Spin Structure Analyses of Antiferromagnets
We have synthesized series of powder sample of incommensurate antiferromagnetic multiferroics, (Mn, Co)WO4 and Al doped Ba0.5Sr1.5Zn2Fe12O22, incommensurate antiferromagnetic multiferroics. Their spin structure was studied by using the HRPD. In addition, we have synthesized series of crystalline samples of incommensurate multiferroics, (Mn, Co)WO4 and olivines. Their spin structure was investigated using neutron diffraction under high magnetic field. As a result, we were able to draw the phase diagram of (Mn, Co)WO4 as a function of composition and temperature. We learned the how the spin structure changes with increased ionic substitution. Finally we have drawn the phase diagram of the multicritical olivine Mn2SiS4/Mn2GeS4 as a function of filed and temperature through the spin structure studies
Electrical switching of an antiferromagnet
Wadley, P.; Howells, B.; Železný, J.; Andrews, C.; Hills, V.; Campion, R. P.; Novák, Vít; Olejník, Kamil; Maccherozzi, F.; Dhesi, S.S.; Martin, S.Y.; Wagner, T.; Wunderlich, Joerg; Freimuth, F.; Mokrousov, Y.; Kuneš, Jan; Chauhan, J.S.; Grzybowski, M.J.; Rushforth, A.W.; Edmonds, K. W.; Gallagher, B. L.; Jungwirth, Tomáš
2016-01-01
Roč. 351, č. 6273 (2016), 587-590. ISSN 0036-8075 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR GB14-37427G EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 268066 - 0MSPIN Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : spintronics * antiferromagnets * current induced switching Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 33.611, year: 2014
Antiferromagnetism in Pr3In: Singlet/triplet physics withfrustration
Christianson, A.D.; Lawrence, J.M.; Zarestky, J.L.; Suzuki, H.; Thompson, J.D.; Hundley, M.F.; Sarrao, J.L.; Booth, C.H.; Antonio, D.; Cornelius, A.L.
2004-11-18
We present neutron diffraction, magnetic susceptibility and specific heat data for a single-crystal sample of the cubic (Cu{sub 3}Au structure) compound Pr{sub 3}In. This compound is believed to have a singlet ({Lambda}{sub 1}) groundstate and a low-lying triplet ({Lambda}{sub 4}) excited state. In addition, nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic interactions are frustrated in this structure. Antiferromagnetic order occurs below T{sub N} = 12K with propagation vector (0, 0, 0.5 {center_dot}{delta}) where {delta} {approx} 1/12. The neutron diffraction results can be approximated with the following model: ferromagnetic sheets from each of the three Pr sites alternate in sign along the propagation direction with a twelve-unit-cell square-wave modulation. The three moments of the unit cell of 1 {micro}{sub B} magnitude are aligned so as to sum to zero as expected for nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic interactions on a triangle. The magnetic susceptibility indicates that in addition to the antiferromagnetic transition at 12K, there is a transition near 70K below which there is a small (0.005 {micro}{sub B}) ferromagnetic moment. There is considerable field and sample dependence to these transitions. The specific heat data show almost no anomaly at T{sub N} = 12K. This may be a consequence of the induced moment in the {Lambda}{sub 1} singlet, but may also be a sample-dependent effect.
Thermoinduced magnetization in nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine
2004-01-01
We show that there is a thermoinduced contribution to the magnetic moment of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials. It arises from thermal excitations of the uniform spin-precession mode, and it has the unusual property that its magnitude increases with increasing temperature. This has...... the consequence that antiferromagnetism is nonexistent in nanoparticles at finite temperatures and it explains magnetic anomalies, which recently have been reported in a number of studies of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials....
Electric voltage generation by antiferromagnetic dynamics
Yamane, Yuta; Ieda, Jun'ichi; Sinova, Jairo
2016-05-01
We theoretically demonstrate dc and ac electric voltage generation due to spin motive forces originating from domain wall motion and magnetic resonance, respectively, in two-sublattice antiferromagnets. Our theory accounts for the canting between the sublattice magnetizations, the nonadiabatic electron spin dynamics, and the Rashba spin-orbit coupling, with the intersublattice electron dynamics treated as a perturbation. This work suggests a way to observe and explore the dynamics of antiferromagnetic textures by electrical means, an important aspect in the emerging field of antiferromagnetic spintronics, where both manipulation and detection of antiferromagnets are needed.
Valence Bond Solid Order Near Impurities in Two-Dimensional Quantum Antiferromagnets
Metlitski, Max A.; Sachdev, Subir
2008-01-01
Recent scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) experiments on underdoped cuprates have displayed modulations in the local electronic density of states, which are centered on a Cu-O-Cu bond [Kohsaka et al. Science 315 1380 (2007)]. As a paradigm of the pinning of such bond-centered ordering in strongly correlated systems, we present the theory of valence bond solid (VBS) correlations near a single impurity in a square lattice antiferromagnet. The antiferromagnet is assumed to be in the vicinity of...
Nuclear spin-magnon relaxation in two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnets
Experiments are discussed of the dependence on temperature and magnetic field of the longitudinal relaxation time of single crystals of antiferromagnetically ordered insulators, i.e. in the temperature range below the Neel temperature and in fields up to the spin-flop transition. The experiments are done on 19F nuclei in the Heisenberg antiferromagnets K2MnF4 and K2NiF4, the magnetic structure of which is two-dimensional quadratic. (C.F.)
Quantum phase competition in antiferromagnetic spin-1 ladders
Motivated by recent chemical explorations into organic-radical-based higher-spin ladder systems, we study the ground-state properties of a wide class of antiferromagnetic spin-1 ladders. Numerical analysis featuring the level-spectroscopy technique reveals the rich phase diagram, correcting a preceding nonlinear-sigma-model prediction. A variational analysis well interprets the phase competition with particular emphasis on the re-entrant phase boundary on the way from single to coupled chains. (author)
Spontaneous pattern formation in an anti-ferromagnetic quantum gas
Kronjäger, Jochen; Becker, Christoph; Soltan-Panahi, Parvis; Bongs, Kai; Sengstock, Klaus
2009-01-01
Spontaneous pattern formation is a phenomenon ubiquitous in nature, examples ranging from Rayleigh-Benard convection to the emergence of complex organisms from a single cell. In physical systems, pattern formation is generally associated with the spontaneous breaking of translation symmetry and is closely related to other symmetry-breaking phenomena, of which (anti-)ferromagnetism is a prominent example. Indeed, magnetic pattern formation has been studied extensively in both solid-state mater...
Brecht, E.; Schmahl, W.W.; Fuess, H.;
1995-01-01
-doped single crystals show two magnetic transitions, the first between the paramagnetic state and the AFI phase, and a second transition at low temperatures between the AFI and the AFII phase. The Neel temperature T-N of the antiferromagnetic AFI phase is found to be insensitive to the Al content x as well as...... the O content 6+delta in the x-delta region investigated so far. In a limited temperature interval the order parameter shows the components of both the AFI and AFII phases indicating competing interactions. For some crystals a complete reordering to the AFII phase at 4.2 K can be observed. Although...... the antiferromagnetic ordering pattern is different for the AFI and AFII phase, the ordered moments on the Cu sites are within the experimental error ([S](Cu(2)) approximate to 0.56 mu(B), [S](Cu(1)) approximate to 0 mu(B)) identical in the two phases. Comparison of Al-doped crystals with pure...
Antiferromagnetic resonance in the cubic perovskite KNiF3
Yamaguchi, H.; Katsumata, K.; Hagiwara, M.; Tokunaga, M.; Liu, H. L.; Zibold, A.; Tanner, D. B.; Wang, Y. J.
1999-03-01
Low-temperature high-magnetic-field far-infrared spectroscopy and electron-spin-resonance measurements have been performed on single crystals of the cubic perovskite KNiF3. We found the absorption at 48.7+/-0.3 cm-1 observed by Richards [P. L. Richards, J. Appl. Phys. 34, 1237 (1963)] that was attributed to antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR) is not magnetic in origin. Instead, a different absorption is well fit by a theory of AFMR with uniaxial anisotropy. Analysis yields an anisotropy energy of 8.7×10-3 cm-1. The ratio between the anisotropy field and the exchange field is 2.4×10-5. Thus, KNiF3 is an excellent example of a Heisenberg antiferromagnet.
Brecht, E.; Schweiss, P.; Wolf, T.;
1999-01-01
The paper describes a study of the antiferromagnetic ordering of oxygen-deficient Nd1 + yBa2 - yCu3O6 + x single crystals. In pure, stoichiometric samples, y = 0, with different oxygen contents x in the Cu(1) plane (0.02
Hu Jing-Guo; Stamps R L
2006-01-01
The rotational anisotropies in the exchange bias structures of ferromagnetism/antiferromagnetism 1/antiferromagnetism 2 are studied in this paper. Based on the model, in which the antiferromagnetism is treated with an Ising mean field theory and the rotational anisotropy is assumed to be related to the field created by the moment induced on the antiferromagnetic layer next to the ferromagnetic layer, we can explain why in experiments for ferromagnetism (FM)/antiferromagntism 1 (AFM1)/antiferromagnetism 2 (AFM2) systems the thickness-dependent rotational anisotropy value is non-monotonic, i.e. it reaches a minimum for this system at a specific thickness of the first antiferromagnetic layer and exhibits oscillatory behaviour. In addition, we find that the temperature-dependent rotational anisotropy value is in good agreement with the experimental result.
Magnetic correlations in all four phases of pure and doped vanadium sesquioxide (V2O3) have been examined by magnetic thermal-neutron scattering. Specifically, we have studied the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of metallic V2-yO3, the antiferromagnetic insulating and paramagnetic metallic phases of stoichiometric V2O3, and the antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases of insulating V1.944Cr0.056O3. While the antiferromagnetic insulator can be accounted for by a localized Heisenberg spin model, the long-range order in the antiferromagnetic metal is an incommensurate spin-density wave, resulting from a Fermi surface nesting instability. Spin dynamics in the strongly correlated metal are dominated by spin fluctuations with a open-quotes single lobeclose quotes spectrum in the Stoner electron-hole continuum. Furthermore, our results in metallic V2O3 represent an unprecedentedly complete characterization of the spin fluctuations near a metallic quantum critical point, and provide quantitative support for the self-consistent renormalization theory for itinerant antiferromagnets in the small moment limit. Dynamic magnetic correlations for ℎωBT in the paramagnetic insulator carry substantial magnetic spectral weight. However, they are extremely short-ranged, extending only to the nearest neighbors. The phase transition to the antiferromagnetic insulator, from the paramagnetic metal and the paramagnetic insulator, introduces a sudden switching of magnetic correlations to a different spatial periodicity which indicates a sudden change in the underlying spin Hamiltonian. To describe this phase transition and also the unusual short-range order in the paramagnetic state, it seems necessary to take into account the orbital degrees of freedom associated with the degenerate d orbitals at the Fermi level in V2O3. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
Pressure effects on antiferromagnetism in UNiAl
The temperature dependencies of the electrical resistivity ρ for current along and perpendicular to the c axis were measured on single crystalline UNiAl under various hydrostatic pressures. The ρ(T) curves at ambient pressure exhibit a Cr anomaly around the Neel temperature TN. Application of pressure causes a reduction of TN value. Linear extrapolation of low-pressure TN vs p data yields an estimate of a critical pressure for antiferromagnetism pc≅10 GPa. Measurements above 1 GPa, however, reveal a collapse of the antiferromagnetic (AF) ordering already below 3 GPa, although AF correlations seem to affect resistivity behavior ρ(T) in pressures up to 8 GPa. A sudden change of the ρ(T) curve character for i(perpendicular sign)c and TN indicates a pressure-induced change of magnetic ordering or fluctuations within the basal plane. The results are discussed in terms of the instability of the itinerant 5f-electron antiferromagnetism in UNiAl. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics
Cumulant approach to weakly doped antiferromagnets
We present an approach to static and dynamical properties of holes and spins in weakly doped antiferromagnets in two dimensions. The calculations are based on a recently introduced cumulant approach to ground endash state properties of correlated electronic systems. The present method allows us to evaluate hole and spin-wave dispersion relations by considering hole or spin excitations of the ground state. Usually, these dispersions are found from time-dependent correlation functions. To demonstrate the ability of the approach we first derive the dispersion relation for the lowest single hole excitation at half-filling. However, the main purpose of this paper is to focus on the mutual influence of mobile holes and spin waves in the weakly doped system. It is shown that low-energy spin excitations strongly admix to the ground state. The coupling of spin waves and holes leads to a strong suppression of the staggered magnetization which cannot be explained by a simple rigid-band picture for the hole quasiparticles. Also the experimentally observed doping dependence of the spin-wave excitation energies can be understood within our formalism. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Characterization of the Dilute Ising Antiferromagnet
Wiener, T.
2000-09-12
A spin glass is a magnetic ground state in which ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange interactions compete, thereby creating frustration and a multidegenerate state with no long range order. An Ising system is a system where the spins are constrained to lie parallel or antiparallel to a primary axis. There has been much theoretical interest in the past ten years in the effects of applying a magnetic field transverse to the primary axis in an Ising spin glass at low temperatures and thus study phase transitions at the T=0 limit. The focus of this study is to search for and characterize a new Ising spin glass system. This is accomplished by site diluting yttrium for terbium in the crystalline material TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. The first part of this work gives a brief overview of the physics of rare earth magnetism and an overview of experimental characteristics of spin glasses. This is followed by the methodology used to manufacture the large single crystals used in this study, as well as the measurement techniques used. Next, a summary of the results of magnetic measurements on across the dilution series from pure terbium to pure yttrium is presented. This is followed by detailed measurements on particular dilutions which demonstrate spin glass behavior. Pure TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} is an Ising antiferromagnet with a several distinct metamagnetic states below 17 K. As the terbium is alloyed with yttrium, these magnetic states are weakened in a consistent manner, as is seen in measurements of the transition temperatures and analysis of Curie-Weiss behavior at high temperature. At low concentrations of terbium, below 35%, long range order is no longer present and a spin-glass-like state emerges. This state is studied through various measurements, dc and ac susceptibility, resistivity, and specific heat. This magnetic behavior was then compared to that of other well characterized spin glasses. It is concluded that there is a region of concentration s for which a spin
Synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles with tunable susceptibilities
Hu, Wei; Wilson, Robert J.; Earhart, Christopher M.; Koh, Ai Leen; Sinclair, Robert; Wang, Shan X.
2009-01-01
High-moment monodisperse disk-shaped Co–Fe magnetic nanoparticles, stable in aqueous solution, were physically fabricated by using nanoimprinted templates and vacuum deposition techniques. These multilayer synthetic antiferromagnetic nanoparticles exhibit nearly zero magnetic remanence and coercivity, and susceptibilities which can be tuned by exploiting interlayer magnetic interactions. In addition, a low cost method of scaling up the production of sub-100 nm synthetic antiferromagnetic nano...
Local Spin Correlations in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets
Weihong, Zheng; Oitmaa, J.
2000-01-01
We use linked cluster series expansion methods to estimate the values of various short distance correlation functions in $S=1/2$ Heisenberg antiferromagnets at T=0, for dimension $d=1,2,3$. The method incorporates the possibility of spontaneous symmetry breaking, which is manifest in $d=2,3$. The results are important in providing a test for approximate theories of the antiferromagnetic ground state.
Electron-phonon interaction and antiferromagnetic correlations
Sangiovanni, G.; Gunnarsson, O.; Koch, E.; Castellani, C.; M. Capone
2006-01-01
We study effects of the Coulomb repulsion on the electron-phonon interaction (EPI) in a model of cuprates at zero and finite doping. We find that antiferromagnetic correlations strongly enhance EPI effects on the electron Green's function with respect to the paramagnetic correlated system, but the net effect of the Coulomb interaction is a moderate suppression of the EPI. Doping leads to additional suppression, due to reduced antiferromagnetic correlations. In contrast, the Coulomb interactio...
Constructing a magnetic handle for antiferromagnetic manganites
Glavic, Artur; Dixit, Hemant; Cooper, Valentino R.; Aczel, Adam A.
2016-04-01
An intrinsic property of antiferromagnetic materials is the compensation of the magnetic moments from the individual atoms that prohibits the direct interaction of the spin lattice with an external magnetic field. To overcome this limitation we have created artificial spin structures by heteroepitaxy between two bulk antiferromagnets SrMnO3 and NdMnO3. Here, we demonstrate that charge transfer at the interface results in the creation of thin ferromagnetic layers adjacent to A -type antiferromagnetism in thick NdMnO3 layers. A novel interference based neutron diffraction technique and polarized neutron reflectometry are used to confirm the presence of ferromagnetism in the SrMnO3 layers and to probe the relative alignment of antiferromagnetic spins induced by the coupling at the ferro- to antiferromagnet interface. A density functional theory analysis of the driving forces for the exchange reveals strong ferromagnetic interfacial coupling through quantifiable short range charge transfer. These results confirm a layer-by-layer control of magnetic arrangements that constitutes a promising step on a path towards isothermal magnetic control of antiferromagnetic arrangements as would be necessary in spin-based heterostructures like multiferroic devices.
Bond-centered, bond-ordered stripes in doped antiferromagnets
Wrobel, P.; Maciag, A; Eder, R.
2004-01-01
Motivated by recent inelastic neutron scattering experiments on cuprates, we discuss the formation of bond order in the stripe phase. We suggest that the spin Peierls order emerges in hole-rich domain walls (DWs) formed between hole-poor regions in which long-range antiferromagnetic (AF) correlations exist. On the example of a single stripe we analyze the stability of such structures. The motion of a hole inside the DW which takes the form of a bond ordered ladder is in principle unrestricted...
Antiferromagnetic Spin Wave Field-Effect Transistor
Cheng, Ran; Daniels, Matthew W.; Zhu, Jian-Gang; Xiao, Di
2016-04-01
In a collinear antiferromagnet with easy-axis anisotropy, symmetry dictates that the spin wave modes must be doubly degenerate. Theses two modes, distinguished by their opposite polarization and available only in antiferromagnets, give rise to a novel degree of freedom to encode and process information. We show that the spin wave polarization can be manipulated by an electric field induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction and magnetic anisotropy. We propose a prototype spin wave field-effect transistor which realizes a gate-tunable magnonic analog of the Faraday effect, and demonstrate its application in THz signal modulation. Our findings open up the exciting possibility of digital data processing utilizing antiferromagnetic spin waves and enable the direct projection of optical computing concepts onto the mesoscopic scale.
Spinon dynamics in quantum integrable antiferromagnets
Vlijm, R.; Caux, J.-S.
2016-05-01
The excitations of the Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin chain in zero field are known as spinons. As pairwise-created fractionalized excitations, spinons are important in the understanding of inelastic neutron scattering experiments in (quasi-)one-dimensional materials. In the present paper, we consider the real space-time dynamics of spinons originating from a local spin flip on the antiferromagnetic ground state of the (an)isotropic Heisenberg spin-1/2 model and the Babujan-Takhtajan spin-1 model. By utilizing algebraic Bethe ansatz methods at finite system size to compute the expectation value of the local magnetization and spin-spin correlations, spinons are visualized as propagating domain walls in the antiferromagnetic spin ordering with anisotropy dependent behavior. The spin-spin correlation after the spin flip displays a light cone, satisfying the Lieb-Robinson bound for the propagation of correlations at the spinon velocity.
Giant Anomalous Hall Effect in the Chiral Antiferromagnet Mn3Ge
Kiyohara, Naoki; Tomita, Takahiro; Nakatsuji, Satoru
2016-06-01
The external field control of antiferromagnetism is a significant subject both for basic science and technological applications. As a useful macroscopic response to detect magnetic states, the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) is known for ferromagnets, but it has never been observed in antiferromagnets until the recent discovery in Mn3Sn . Here we report another example of the AHE in a related antiferromagnet, namely, in the hexagonal chiral antiferromagnet Mn3Ge . Our single-crystal study reveals that Mn3Ge exhibits a giant anomalous Hall conductivity |σx z|˜60 Ω-1 cm-1 at room temperature and approximately 380 Ω-1 cm-1 at 5 K in zero field, reaching nearly half of the value expected for the quantum Hall effect per atomic layer with Chern number of unity. Our detailed analyses on the anisotropic Hall conductivity indicate that in comparison with the in-plane-field components |σx z| and |σz y|, which are very large and nearly comparable in size, we find |σy x| obtained in the field along the c axis to be much smaller. The anomalous Hall effect shows a sign reversal with the rotation of a small magnetic field less than 0.1 T. The soft response of the AHE to magnetic field should be useful for applications, for example, to develop switching and memory devices based on antiferromagnets.
Merodio, P.; Kalitsov, A.; Chshiev, M.; Velev, J.
2016-06-01
Based on model calculations, we predict a magnetoelectric tunneling electroresistance effect in multiferroic tunnel junctions consisting of ferromagnetic electrodes and magnetoelectric antiferromagnetic barriers. Switching of the antiferromagnetic order parameter in the barrier in applied electric field by means of the magnetoelectric coupling leads to a substantial change of the resistance of the junction. The effect is explained in terms of the switching of the orientations of local magnetizations at the barrier interfaces affecting the spin-dependent interface transmission probabilities. Magnetoelectric multiferroic materials with finite ferroelectric polarization exhibit an enhanced resistive change due to polarization-induced spin-dependent screening. These results suggest that devices with active barriers based on single-phase magnetoelectric antiferromagnets represent an alternative nonvolatile memory concept.
Pressure-induced antiferromagnetic transition and phase diagram in FeSe
We report measurements of resistance and ac magnetic susceptibility on FeSe single crystals under high pressure up to 27.2 kbar. The structural phase transition is quickly suppressed with pressure, and the associated anomaly is not seen above ∼18 kbar. The superconducting transition temperature evolves nonmonotonically with pressure, showing a minimum at ∼12 kbar. We find another anomaly at 21.2 K at 11.6 kbar. This anomaly most likely corresponds to the antiferromagnetic phase transition found in μSR measurements. The antiferromagnetic and superconducting transition temperatures both increase with pressure up to ∼25 kbar and then level off. The width of the superconducting transition anomalously broadens in the pressure range where the antiferromagnetism coexists. (author)
Antiferromagnets Structure in Adsorbed O2 Monolayers
Nielsen, Mourits; McTague, J. P.
1977-01-01
Neutron diffraction from monolayers of O2 adsorbed on graphite shows structural arrangements similar to the dense planes of bulk O2. At monolayer completion and above, a magnetic superlattice reflection shows well-developed antiferromagnetic order for T ⩽ 10 K. The submonolayer phase also shows...
Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticles of Antiferromagnetic Materials
Mørup, Steen; Frandsen, Cathrine; Bødker, Franz;
2003-01-01
The magnetic properties of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles have been studied by Mossbauer spectroscopy and neutron scattering. Temperature series of Mossbauer spectra of non-interacting, superparamagnetic hematite nanoparticles were fitted by use of the Blume-Tjon relaxation model. It has been fo...
Antiferromagnetic resonance in GdVO4
Microwave spectroscopy is used to study gadolinium orthovanadate in the antiferromagnetic phase, from 2.2 to 1.4 K. AFMR data at 9.4 and 34.8 GHz are analyzed and the temperature dependence for the anisotropy constant is obtained. (author)
Antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity in the Hubbard model
The two-dimensional Hubbard model is a promising effective model for the electronic degrees of freedom in the copper-oxide planes of high temperature superconductors. We present a functional renormalization group approach to this model with focus on antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity. In order to make the relevant degrees of freedom more explicitly accessible on all length scales, we introduce composite bosonic fields mediating the interaction between the fermions. Spontaneous symmetry breaking is reflected in a non-vanishing expectation value of a bosonic field. The emergence of a coupling in the d-wave pairing channel triggered by spin wave fluctuations is demonstrated. Furthermore, the highest temperature at which the interaction strength for the electrons diverges in the renormalization flow is calculated for both antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity over a wide range of doping. This ''pseudo-critical'' temperature signals the onset of local ordering. Moreover, the temperature dependence of d-wave superconducting order is studied within a simplified model characterized by a single coupling in the d-wave pairing channel. The phase transition within this model is found to be of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type. (orig.)
Antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity in the Hubbard model
Krahl, H.C.
2007-07-25
The two-dimensional Hubbard model is a promising effective model for the electronic degrees of freedom in the copper-oxide planes of high temperature superconductors. We present a functional renormalization group approach to this model with focus on antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity. In order to make the relevant degrees of freedom more explicitly accessible on all length scales, we introduce composite bosonic fields mediating the interaction between the fermions. Spontaneous symmetry breaking is reflected in a non-vanishing expectation value of a bosonic field. The emergence of a coupling in the d-wave pairing channel triggered by spin wave fluctuations is demonstrated. Furthermore, the highest temperature at which the interaction strength for the electrons diverges in the renormalization flow is calculated for both antiferromagnetism and d-wave superconductivity over a wide range of doping. This ''pseudo-critical'' temperature signals the onset of local ordering. Moreover, the temperature dependence of d-wave superconducting order is studied within a simplified model characterized by a single coupling in the d-wave pairing channel. The phase transition within this model is found to be of the Kosterlitz-Thouless type. (orig.)
Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Dipolar Antiferromagnets
Babkevich, P.; Jeong, M.; Matsumoto, Y.; Kovacevic, I.; Finco, A.; Toft-Petersen, R.; Ritter, C.; Mânsson, M.; Nakatsuji, S.; Rønnow, H. M.
2016-05-01
We report ac susceptibility, specific heat, and neutron scattering measurements on a dipolar-coupled antiferromagnet LiYbF4 . For the thermal transition, the order-parameter critical exponent is found to be 0.20(1) and the specific-heat critical exponent -0.25 (1 ) . The exponents agree with the 2D X Y /h4 universality class despite the lack of apparent two-dimensionality in the structure. The order-parameter exponent for the quantum phase transitions is found to be 0.35(1) corresponding to (2 +1 )D . These results are in line with those found for LiErF4 which has the same crystal structure, but largely different TN, crystal field environment and hyperfine interactions. Our results therefore experimentally establish that the dimensional reduction is universal to quantum dipolar antiferromagnets on a distorted diamond lattice.
Triangular Ising antiferromagnets with quenched nonmagnetic impurities.
Tang, Huai-Lei; Zhu, Yi; Yang, Guo-Hong; Jiang, Ying
2010-05-01
In a random spin system, the cooperation of randomness and frustration will lead to a spin-glass phase. However, in geometrically frustrated spin systems, quenched nonmagnetic impurities lift frustration locally. This makes randomness and frustration in these systems as competitors rather than cooperators. By mapping the dilute triangular Ising antiferromagnetic system to elastic array of noncrossing strings, we find that the nonmagnetic impurities in the spin system play roles of pinning centers in the string system. Calculation shows that in the ground state of this system, the spin-glass correlation is power-law decayed, quite different from the standard behavior of spin glass in which spin-glass correlation between two spins at infinite distance tends to a finite value. This indicates that triangular Ising antiferromagnets with quenched nonmagnetic impurities cannot be a spin glass. Instead, in the ground states, they present properties of vortex glass. PMID:20866185
Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the Husimi lattice
Liao, H. J.; Xie, Z. Y.; Chen, J.; Han, X. J.; Xie, H. D.; Normand, B.; Xiang, T.
2016-02-01
We perform a systematic study of the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the Husimi lattice using numerical tensor-network methods based on projected entangled simplex states. The nature of the ground state varies strongly with the spin quantum number S . For S =1/2 , it is an algebraic (gapless) quantum spin liquid. For S =1 , it is a gapped, nonmagnetic state with spontaneous breaking of triangle symmetry (a trimerized simplex-solid state). For S =2 , it is a simplex-solid state with a spin gap and no symmetry breaking; both integer-spin simplex-solid states are characterized by specific degeneracies in the entanglement spectrum. For S =3/2 , and indeed for all spin values S ≥5/2 , the ground states have 120∘ antiferromagnetic order. In a finite magnetic field, we find that, irrespective of the value of S , there is always a plateau in the magnetization at m =1/3 .
Diffusive magnonic spin transport in antiferromagnetic insulators
Rezende, S. M.; Rodríguez-Suárez, R. L.; Azevedo, A.
2016-02-01
It has been shown recently that a layer of the antiferromagnetic insulator (AFI) NiO can be used to transport spin current between a ferromagnet (FM) and a nonmagnetic metal (NM). In the experiments one uses the microwave-driven ferromagnetic resonance in a FM layer to produce a spin pumped spin current that flows through an AFI layer and reaches a NM layer where it is converted into a charge current by means of the inverse spin Hall effect. Here we present a theory for the spin transport in an AFI that relies on the spin current carried by the diffusion of thermal antiferromagnetic magnons. The theory explains quite well the measured dependence of the voltage in the NM layer on the thickness of the NiO layer.
Antiferromagnetic Stabilization in Ti8O12
Yu, Xiaohu; Qian, Guangrui; Popov, Ivan A; Boldyrev, Alexander I
2015-01-01
Using the evolutionary algorithm USPEX and DFT+U calculations, we predicted a high-symmetry geometric structure of bare Ti8O12 cluster composed of 8 Ti atoms forming a cube, which O atoms are at midpoints of all of its edges, in excellent agreement with experimental results. Using Natural Bond Orbital analysis, Adaptive Natural Density Partitioning algorithm, electron localization function and partial charge plots, we find the origin of the particular stability of bare Ti8O12 cluster: unique chemical bonding where eight electrons of Ti atoms interacting with each other in antiferromagnetic fashion to lower the total energy of the system. The bare Ti8O12 is thus an unusual molecule stabilized by d-orbital antiferromagnetic coupling.
Terahertz Antiferromagnetic Spin Hall Nano-Oscillator
Cheng, Ran; Xiao, Di; Brataas, Arne
2016-05-01
We consider the current-induced dynamics of insulating antiferromagnets in a spin Hall geometry. Sufficiently large in-plane currents perpendicular to the Néel order trigger spontaneous oscillations at frequencies between the acoustic and the optical eigenmodes. The direction of the driving current determines the chirality of the excitation. When the current exceeds a threshold, the combined effect of spin pumping and current-induced torques introduces a dynamic feedback that sustains steady-state oscillations with amplitudes controllable via the applied current. The ac voltage output is calculated numerically as a function of the dc current input for different feedback strengths. Our findings open a route towards terahertz antiferromagnetic spin-torque oscillators.
Emergence of antiferromagnetic ordering in Mn clusters
First-principles density-functional-theory investigations of small Mnn (n=2-7,13) clusters reveal a competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic ordering of atomic magnetic moments. For smaller sizes (n≤6), this competition results in a near degeneracy between the two types of orderings, whereas AF arrangements are clearly favored for larger clusters. The calculations thus predict a size-dependent transition in the magnetic ordering of Mn clusters
Transformation of spin current by antiferromagnetic insulators
Khymyn, Roman; Lisenkov, Ivan; Tiberkevich, Vasil S.; Slavin, Andrei N.; Ivanov, Boris A.
2015-01-01
It is demonstrated theoretically that a thin layer of an anisotropic antiferromagnetic (AFM) insulator can effectively conduct spin current by excitation of a pair of evanescent AFM spin wave modes. The spin current flowing through the AFM is not conserved due to the interaction between the excited AFM modes and the AFM lattice, and, depending on the excitation conditions, can be either attenuated or enhanced. When the phase difference between the excited evanescent modes is close to $\\pi/2$,...
Room-temperature antiferromagnetic memory resistor
Martí, Xavier; Fina, I.; Frontera, C.; Liu, J.; Wadley, P.; He, P.; Paull, R.J.; Clarkson, J.D.; Kudrnovský, Josef; Turek, Ilja; Kuneš, Jan; Yi, D.; Chu, J.-H.; Nelson, C.T.; You, L.; Arenholz, E.; Salahuddin, S.; Fontcuberta, J.; Jungwirth, Tomáš; Ramesh, R.
2014-01-01
Roč. 13, č. 4 (2014), s. 367-374. ISSN 1476-1122 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/11/1228 Grant ostatní: ERC Advanced Grant 0MSPIN(XE) 268066; AV ČR(CZ) Premium Academiae Institutional support: RVO:68378271 ; RVO:68081723 Keywords : spintronics * antiferromagnets * memories Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 36.503, year: 2014
Phase separation of holes in antiferromagnets
It is shown that dilute holes in an antiferromagnet are unstable against phase separation into a hole-rich phase and a no-hole phase. When the spin exchange interaction J exceeds a critical value Jc, one phase consists of all holes, the other all electrons. The argument is presented in detail for the t--J model but evidence of phase separation in other models is mentioned. 11 refs
Tricritical behavior of the frustrated XY antiferromagnet
Plumer, M. L.; Mailhot, A.; Caillé, A.
1994-01-01
Extensive histogram Monte-Carlo simulations of the XY antiferromagnet on a stacked triangular lattice reveal exponent estimates which strongly favor a scenario of mean-field tricritical behavior for the spin-order transition. The corresponding chiral-order transition occurs at the same temperature but appears to be decoupled from the spin-order. These results are relevant to a wide class of frustrated systems with planar-type order and serve to resolve a long-standing controversy regarding th...
Dynamic rotor mode in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Lefmann, K.; Jacobsen, H.; Garde, J; Hedegard, P.; Wischnewski, Andreas; Ancona, S.N.; Jacobsen, H. S.; Bahl, C R H; Theil Kuhn, L.
2015-01-01
We present experimental, numerical, and theoretical evidence for an unusual mode of antiferromagnetic dynamics in nanoparticles. Elastic neutron scattering experiments on 8-nm particles of hematite display a loss of diffraction intensity with temperature, the intensity vanishing around 150 K. However, the signal from inelastic neutron scattering remains above that temperature, indicating a magnetic system in constant motion. In addition, the precession frequency of the inelastic magnetic sign...
Ali Biswas, A. [Department of Physics, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, Nadia, West Bengal (India); Jana, Y.M., E-mail: yatramohan@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, Nadia, West Bengal (India)
2011-12-15
The temperature dependence of the experimental results of dc (macroscopic) magnetic susceptibility and nuclear hyperfine properties of frustrated magnetic Gd-based pyrochlore compounds, Gd{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7}, Gd{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7}, Gd{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} and Gd{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7}, are analyzed within the frame work of appropriate crystal-field theory and a mean field approximation by introducing effective anisotropic molecular field tensors, and formulating an exact relation between single-ion susceptibility tensors and site susceptibility tensors. Components of the calculated susceptibility along and perpendicular to the local <1 1 1> axis of the tetrahedral sublattice of pyrochlore structure show that these pyrochlores are easy-planar anisotropic magnetic systems. The crystal-field parameters and anisotropic exchange coupling have been determined and their systematic variations over the Gd-based pyrochlores studied here are discussed. - Highlights: > Site susceptibility tensors in pyrochlores Gd{sub 2}M{sub 2}O{sub 7} along and normal to local <1 1 1> axis of tetrahedra. > Gd-pyrochlores are easy planar spin systems due to crystal-field and anisotropic exchange interaction. > The crystal-field parameters and exchange interaction vary linearly with lattice constant.
Spinor dynamics in an antiferromagnetic spin-1 thermal Bose gas
Pechkis, Hyewon K; Schwettmann, Arne; Griffin, Paul F; Barnett, Ryan; Tiesinga, Eite; Lett, Paul D
2013-01-01
We present experimental observations of coherent spin-population oscillations in a cold thermal, Bose gas of spin-1 sodium-23 atoms. The population oscillations in a multi-spatial-mode thermal gas have the same behavior as those observed in a single-spatial-mode antiferromagnetic spinor Bose Einstein condensate. We demonstrate this by showing that the two situations are described by the same dynamical equations, with a factor of two change in the spin-dependent interaction coefficient, which results from the change to particles with distinguishable momentum states in the thermal gas. We compare this theory to the measured spin population evolution after times up to a few hundreds of ms, finding quantitative agreement with the amplitude and period. We also measure the damping time of the oscillations as a function of magnetic field.
Magnetocaloric properties of a frustrated Blume-Capel antiferromagnet
Žukovič Milan
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Low-temperature magnetization processes and magnetocaloric properties of a geometrically frustrated spin-1 Blume-Capel model on a triangular lattice are studied by Monte Carlo simulations. The model is found to display qualitatively different behavior depending on the sign of the single-ion anisotropy D. For positive values of D we observe two magnetization plateaus, similar to the spin-1/2 Ising antiferromagnet, and negative isothermal entropy changes for any field intensity. For a range of small negative values of D there are four magnetization plateaus and the entropy changes can be either negative or positive, depending on the field. If D is negative but large in absolute value then the entropy changes are solely positive.
Room temperature spin-polarizations of Mn-based antiferromagnetic nanoelectrodes
Yamada, Toyo Kazu, E-mail: toyoyamada@faculty.chiba-u.jp [Graduate School of Advanced Integration Science, Chiba University, 1-33, Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi 263-8522, Chiba (Japan); Vazquez de Parga, Amadeo L. [Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia and Dep. Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
2014-11-03
Antiferromagnets produce no stray field, and therefore, a tip electrode made of antiferromagnetic material has been considered to be the most suitable choice to measure such as magnetoresistance (MR) through single isolated magnetic nanoparticles, molecules, and ultrathin films. Spin polarizations (P) of antiferromagnetic 3-nm, 6-nm, and annealed 3-nm Mn films grown on W tips with a bcc(110) apex as well as bulk-NiMn tips were obtained at 300 K by measuring MR in ultrahigh vacuum by means of spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy using a layerwise antiferromagnetically stacking bct-Mn(001) film electrode. The Mn-coated tips with coverages of 3 and 6 nm exhibited P values of 1 ± 1% and 3 ± 2%, respectively, which tips likely contain α- or strained Mn. With a thermal assist, the crystalline quality and the magnetic stability of the film could increase. The annealed tip exhibited P = 9 ± 2%. The bulk-NiMn tips exhibit spin polarizations of 0 or 6 ± 2% probably depending on the chemical species (Mn or Ni) present at the apex of the tip. Fe-coated W tips were used to estimate the bct-Mn(001) film spin polarization.
Room temperature write-read operations in antiferromagnetic memory
Moriyama, Takahiro; Matsuzaki, Noriko; Kim, Kab-Jin; Suzuki, Ippei; Taniyama, Tomoyasu; Ono, Teruo
2015-01-01
B2-ordered FeRh has been known to exhibit antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic (AF-F) phase transitions in the vicinity of room temperature. Manipulation of the N\\'eel order via AF-F phase transition and recent experimental observation of the anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic FeRh has proven that FeRh is a promising candidate for antiferromagnetic memory material. In this work, we demonstrate sequential write and read operations in antiferromagnetic memory resistors made of B2-ord...
Half-Quantum Vortices in an Antiferromagnetic Spinor Bose-Einstein Condensate.
Seo, Sang Won; Kang, Seji; Kwon, Woo Jin; Shin, Yong-il
2015-07-01
We report on the observation of half-quantum vortices (HQVs) in the easy-plane polar phase of an antiferromagnetic spinor Bose-Einstein condensate. Using in situ magnetization-sensitive imaging, we observe that pairs of HQVs with opposite core magnetization are generated when singly charged quantum vortices are injected into the condensate. The dynamics of HQV pair formation is characterized by measuring the temporal evolutions of the pair separation distance and the core magnetization, which reveals the short-range nature of the repulsive interactions between the HQVs. We find that spin fluctuations arising from thermal population of transverse magnon excitations do not significantly affect the HQV pair formation dynamics. Our results demonstrate the instability of a singly charged vortex in the antiferromagnetic spinor condensate. PMID:26182102
V.V. Kulish
2015-06-01
Full Text Available The paper investigates the antiferromagnetic vector distribution in an antiferromagnetic film with a system of antidots. A static distribution of the antiferromagnetic vector is written and a method – based on the minimization of the antiferromagnet energy – that allows reducing the number of boundary conditions required for finding the constants of this distribution is proposed. Equations for the distribution constants are obtained for the both cases of minimizing the antiferromagnet energy by one and by two distribution constants that enter the expression for the antiferromagnet energy. The method is illustrated on a system of one isolated antidot. For such system, one additional condition – for the case when two boundary conditions on the surface of the antidot are given – and two additional conditions – for the case when one boundary condition on the surface of the antidot is given – on the distribution constants are written.
Gu, Bo; Su, Gang; Gao, Song
2006-04-01
The magnetization process, the susceptibility, and the specific heat of the spin- 1/2 antiferromagnet (AF)-AF-ferromagnet (F) and F-F-AF trimerized quantum Heisenberg chains have been investigated by means of the transfer matrix renormalization group (TMRG) technique as well as the modified spin-wave (MSW) theory. A magnetization plateau at m=1/6 for both trimerized chains is observed at low temperature. The susceptibility and the specific heat show various behaviors for different ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions and in different magnetic fields. The TMRG results of susceptibility and the specific heat can be nicely fitted by a linear superposition of double two-level systems, where two fitting equations are proposed. Three branch excitations, one gapless excitation and two gapful excitations, for both systems are found within the MSW theory. It is observed that the MSW theory captures the main characteristics of the thermodynamic behaviors at low temperatures. The TMRG results are also compared with the possible experimental data.
Switching of antiferromagnetic chains with magnetic pulses
Tao, Kun; Polyakov, Oleg P.; Stepanyuk, Valeri S.
2016-04-01
Recent experimental studies have demonstrated the possibility of information storage in short antiferromagnetic chains on an insulator substrate [S. Loth et al., Science 335, 196 (2012), 10.1126/science.1214131]. Here, using the density functional theory and atomistic spin dynamics simulations, we show that a local magnetic control of such chains with a magnetic tip and magnetic pulses can be used for fast switching of their magnetization. Furthermore, by changing the position of the tip one can engineer the magnetization dynamics of the chains.
Small antiferromagnetic spin systems-Sublattice Hamiltonians
A few examples of four-spin Heisenberg systems with dominant antiferromagnetic couplings are considered. All systems can be described by the so-called sublattice Hamiltonian H=SA.SB or its modifications, where SX is the total spin of a sublattice X=A, B. In such a case (eigen)energies are simple functions of the total spin number S, total spins of sublattices SA, SB, and the Hamiltonian parameters (ratios of exchange integrals). Moreover, eigenstates are strictly determined by a coupling scheme assumed and the appropriate Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. In this sense the systems considered are classical ones.
Antiferromagnetic topological insulators in cold atomic gases
Essin, Andrew M.; Gurarie, Victor
2011-01-01
We propose a spin-dependent optical lattice potential that realizes a three-dimensional antiferromagnetic topological insulator in a gas of cold, two-state fermions such as alkaline earths, as well as a model that describes the tight-binding limit of this potential. We discuss the physically observable responses of the gas that can verify the presence of this phase. We also point out how this model can be used to obtain two-dimensional flat bands with nonzero Chern number.
Antiferromagnetic noise correlations in optical lattices
Bruun, Niels Bohr International Academy, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark, Georg Morten; Syljuåsen, F. T.; Pedersen, K. G. L.;
2009-01-01
We analyze how noise correlations probed by time-of-flight experiments reveal antiferromagnetic (AF) correlations of fermionic atoms in two-dimensional and three-dimensional optical lattices. Combining analytical and quantum Monte Carlo calculations using experimentally realistic parameters, we...... show that AF correlations can be detected for temperatures above and below the critical temperature for AF ordering. It is demonstrated that spin-resolved noise correlations yield important information about the spin ordering. Finally, we show how to extract the spin correlation length and the related...
The electronic structure of antiferromagnetic chromium
Skriver, Hans Lomholt
1981-01-01
The author has used the local spin density formalism to perform self-consistent calculations of the electronic structure of chromium in the non-magnetic and commensurate antiferromagnetic phases, as a function of the lattice parameter. A change of a few per cent in the atomic radius brings...... the calculated ground state properties into agreement with experiment. The magnetisation is studied as function of volume in several models, and it is shown that a Stoner picture provides an extremely accurate description of the full calculation provided the sp-d hybridisation is taken into account. It is found...
Lattice distortion in disordered antiferromagnetic XY models
Li Peng-Fei; Cao Hai-Jing
2012-01-01
The behavior of lattice distortion in spin 1/2 antiferromagnetic XY models with random magnetic modulation is investigated with the consideration of spin-phonon coupling in the adiabatic limit.It is found that lattice distortion relies on the strength of the random modulation.For strong or weak enough spin-phonon couplings,the average lattice distortion may decrease or increase as the random modulation is strengthened.This may be the result of competition between the random magnetic modulation and the spin-phonon coupling.
Anisotropic magnetoresistance in an antiferromagnetic semiconductor
Fina, I.; Martí, Xavier; Yi, D.; Liu, J.; Chu, J.-H.; Rayan-Serrao, C.; Suresha, S.; Shick, Alexander; Železný, Jakub; Jungwirth, Tomáš; Fontcuberta, J.; Ramesh, R.
2014-01-01
Roč. 5, SEP (2014), "4671-1"-"4671-7". ISSN 2041-1723 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR GB14-37427G; GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/10/0330 Grant ostatní: ERC Advanced Grant 0MSPIN(XE) 268066; AV ČR(CZ) Premium Academiae Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : antiferromagnets * semiconductors * spintronic s Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 11.470, year: 2014
Edge states in Open Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Chains
Qin, Shaojin; Ng, Tai-Kai; Su, Zhao-Bin
1995-01-01
In this letter we report our results in investigating edge effects of open antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chains with spin magnitudes $S=1/2, 1,3/2,2$ using the density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) method initiated by White. For integer spin chains, we find that edge states with spin magnitude $S_{edge}=S/2$ exist, in agreement with Valence-Bond-Solid model picture. For half-integer spin chains, we find that no edge states exist for $S=1/2$ spin chain, but edge state exists in $S=3/...
Antiferromagnetism in a 20% Ho-80% Tb alloy single crystal
Lebech, Bente
1968-01-01
20% Ho-80% Tb exhibits two magnetic phases, similar to those of Tb. The spiral turn angle varies from 31.1° to 21.4°. A minimum effective spin for the occurrence of stable simple ferromagnetic structure at low temperatures is predicted.......20% Ho-80% Tb exhibits two magnetic phases, similar to those of Tb. The spiral turn angle varies from 31.1° to 21.4°. A minimum effective spin for the occurrence of stable simple ferromagnetic structure at low temperatures is predicted....
R. L. Wang
2012-09-01
Full Text Available Effect of thermal cycle on the interfacial antiferromagnetic (AFM spin configuration and exchange bias in Ni50Mn36Sb14 alloy has been investigated. The results indicate thermal cycle can induce further martensitic transition from part of arrested FM phase to AFM phase, leading to the reconstruction of interfacial antiferromagnetic spin configuration. The shape of hysteresis loops at 5 K after cooling back can be tuned from a single-shifted loop to a nearly symmetric double-shifted loop gradually accompanied with exchange bias field increasing to peak value and then decreasing. The evolutions can be illustrated intuitively by a simple AFM bidomain model.
Quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets: a survey of the activity in Firenze
Over the years the research group in Firenze has produced a number of theoretical results concerning the statistical mechanics of quantum antiferromagnetic models, which range from the theory of two-magnon Raman scattering to the characterization of the phase transitions in quantum low-dimensional antiferromagnetic models. Our research activity was steadily aimed to the understanding of experimental observations
Wu, R.; Yun, C.; Ding, S. L.; Wen, X.; Liu, S. Q.; Wang, C. S.; Han, J. Z.; Du, H. L.; Yang, J. B.
2016-08-01
The motion of antiferromagnetic interfacial spins is investigated through the temperature evolution of training effect in a Co/CoO film with in-plane biaxial anisotropy. Significant differences in the training effect and its temperature dependence are observed in the magnetic easy axis and hard axis (HA) and ascribed to the different motion modes of antiferromagnetic interfacial spins, the collective spin cluster rotation (CSR) and the single spin reversal (SSR), caused by different magnetization reversal modes of ferromagnetic layer. These motion modes of antiferromagnetic spins are successfully separated using a combination of an exponential function and a classic n-1/2 function. A larger CSR to SSR ratio and a shorter lifetime of CSR found in the HA indicates that the domain rotation in the ferromagnetic layer tends to activate and accelerate a CSR mode in the antiferromagnetic spins.
Long range antiferromagnetic order and its coexistence with superconductivity in URu2Si2
Neutron scattering from a high quality single crystal of the heavy fermion superconductor URu2Si2 shows an abrupt onset of antiferromagnetic order at TN = 17 K, unlike the gradual onset previously seen in lower quality samples. The magnetic peak intensity increases linearly down to 5 K, indicating mean-field behaviour and long range RKKY interactions. The intensity remains constant to within 7% between 3 and 0.2 K with no change at the superconducting transition temperature of 1.3 K. The resolution limited Bragg peak shows the order is long-range. The coexistence of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity seen in a lower quality crystal is confirmed and thus is intrinsic. (orig.)
Molecular orbital study on antiferromagnetic coupling mechanism in a silver (I) complex
ZHANG Guiqin; HUANG Jiangen; HUANG Yuanhe; FANG Decai; ZHANG Deqing
2005-01-01
The mechanism of antiferromagnetic coupling in an Ag (I) complex of nitronyl nitroxide is investigated by means of the broken-symmetry approach within the density functional method (DFT-BS). The magneto-structural correlation and the single-occupied molecular orbital (SOMO) analysis reveal the existence of the antiferromagnetic coupling pathway along nitronyl nitroxide units via Ag (I) ion, and that the Ag (I) ion plays an important bridge role. The spin population analysis also shows the existence of spin delocalization along the ONCNO-Ag-ONCNO chain. It is found that the non-typical covalent bonds with major ionic character between Ag (I) ions and oxygen atoms of nitronyl nitroxide units can be used to mediate the spin-spin interaction of nitronyl nitroxides.
Neutron experiments on antiferromagnetic nuclear order in silver at picokelvin temperatures
Tuoriniemi, J.T.; Nummila, K.K.; Vuorinen, R.T.; Lounasmaa, O.V.; Metz, A.; Siemensmeyer, K.; Steiner, M.; Lefmann, K.; Clausen, K.N.; Rasmussen, F.B.
1995-01-01
Spontaneous long-range nuclear antiferromagnetic order in the spin-1/2 system of silver nuclei was observed by neutron diffraction on a single crystal of Ag-109. A structure with the ordering vector k = (2 pi/a) (0,0,1) developed when the antiferromagnetic state was entered by adiabatic...... demagnetization along the [001] axis. No domains of the other two symmetry-equivalent k vectors, (2 pi/a) (0,1,0) and (2 pi/a) (1,0,0), formed during warmup in zero field. Nuclear susceptibility and entropy were found by neutron transmission. In B = 0, the critical entropy of ordering was S-c = (0.54 +/- 0.03)R...
Enhanced antiferromagnetic coupling in dual-synthetic antiferromagnet with Co2FeAl electrodes
Zhang, D. L.; Xu, X. G.; Wu, Y.; Li, X. Q.; Miao, J.; Jiang, Y.
2012-05-01
We study dual-synthetic antiferromagnets (DSyAFs) using Co2FeAl (CFA) Heusler electrodes with a stack structure of Ta/CFA/Ru/CFA/Ru/CFA/Ta. When the thicknesses of the two Ru layers are 0.45 nm, 0.65 nm or 0.45 nm, 1.00 nm, the CFA-based DSyAF has a strong antiferromagnetic coupling between adjacent CFA layers at room temperature with a saturation magnetic field of ∼11,000 Oe, a saturation magnetization of ∼710 emu/cm3 and a coercivity of ∼2.0 Oe. Moreover, the DSyAF has a good thermal stability up to 400 °C, at which CFA films show B2-ordered structure. Therefore, the CFA-based DSyAFs are favorable for applications in future spintronic devices.
Probing the evolution of antiferromagnetism in multiferroics
Holcomb, M.; Martin, L.; Scholl, A.; He, Q.; Yu, P.; Yang, C.-H.; Yang, S.; Glans, P.-A.; Valvidares, M.; Huijben, M.; Kortright, J.; Guo,, J.; Chu, Y.-H.; Ramesh, R.
2010-06-09
This study delineates the evolution of magnetic order in epitaxial films of the room-temperature multiferroic BiFeO3 system. Using angle- and temperature-dependent dichroic measurements and spectromicroscopy, we have observed that the antiferromagnetic order in the model multiferroic BiFeO3 evolves systematically as a function of thickness and strain. Lattice-mismatch-induced strain is found to break the easy-plane magnetic symmetry of the bulk and leads to an easy axis of magnetization which can be controlled through strain. Understanding the evolution of magnetic structure and how to manipulate the magnetism in this model multiferroic has significant implications for utilization of such magnetoelectric materials in future applications.
Dynamic rotor mode in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Lefmann, Kim; Jacobsen, H.; Garde, J.;
2015-01-01
We present experimental, numerical, and theoretical evidence for an unusual mode of antiferromagnetic dynamics in nanoparticles. Elastic neutron scattering experiments on 8-nm particles of hematite display a loss of diffraction intensity with temperature, the intensity vanishing around 150 K....... However, the signal from inelastic neutron scattering remains above that temperature, indicating a magnetic system in constant motion. In addition, the precession frequency of the inelastic magnetic signal shows an increase above 100 K. Numerical Langevin simulations of spin dynamics reproduce all...... measured neutron data and reveal that thermally activated spin canting gives rise to an unusual type of coherent magnetic precession mode. This "rotor" mode can be seen as a high-temperature version of superparamagnetism and is driven by exchange interactions between the two magnetic sublattices. The...
Ising antiferromagnet on the Archimedean lattices
Yu, Unjong
2015-06-01
Geometric frustration effects were studied systematically with the Ising antiferromagnet on the 11 Archimedean lattices using the Monte Carlo methods. The Wang-Landau algorithm for static properties (specific heat and residual entropy) and the Metropolis algorithm for a freezing order parameter were adopted. The exact residual entropy was also found. Based on the degree of frustration and dynamic properties, ground states of them were determined. The Shastry-Sutherland lattice and the trellis lattice are weakly frustrated and have two- and one-dimensional long-range-ordered ground states, respectively. The bounce, maple-leaf, and star lattices have the spin ice phase. The spin liquid phase appears in the triangular and kagome lattices.
Quantum Phase Transitions in Antiferromagnets and Superfluids
Sachdev, Subir
2000-03-01
A general introduction to the non-zero temperature dynamic and transport properties of low-dimensional systems near a quantum phase transition shall be presented. Basic results will be reviewed in the context of experiments on the spin-ladder compounds. Recent large N computations (M. Vojta and S. Sachdev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83), 3916 (1999) on an extended t-J model motivate a global scenario of the quantum phases and transitions in the high temperature superconductors, and connections will be made to numerous experiments. A universal theory (S. Sachdev, C. Buragohain, and M. Vojta, Science, in press M. Vojta, C. Buragohain, and S. Sachdev, cond- mat/9912020) of quantum impurities in spin-gap antiferromagnets near a magnetic ordering transition will be compared quantitatively to experiments on Zn doped Y Ba2 Cu3 O7 (Fong et al.), Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 1939 (1999)
Anomalous Magnetothermopower in a Metallic Frustrated Antiferromagnet
Arsenijević, Stevan; Ok, Jong Mok; Robinson, Peter; Ghannadzadeh, Saman; Katsnelson, Mikhail I.; Kim, Jun Sung; Hussey, Nigel E.
2016-02-01
We report the temperature T and magnetic field H dependence of the thermopower S of an itinerant triangular antiferromagnet PdCrO2 in high magnetic fields up to 32 T. In the paramagnetic phase, the zero-field thermopower is positive with a value typical of good metals with a high carrier density. In marked contrast to typical metals, however, S decreases rapidly with increasing magnetic field, approaching zero at the maximum field scale for T >70 K . We argue here that this profound change in the thermoelectric response derives from the strong interaction of the 4 d correlated electrons of the Pd ions with the short-range spin correlations of the Cr3 + spins that persist beyond the Néel ordering temperature due to the combined effects of geometrical frustration and low dimensionality.
The low-temperature phase of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet in a fermionic representation
Thermal properties of the ordered phase of the spin 1/2 isotropic Heisenberg Antiferromagnet on a d-dimensional hypercubical lattice are studied within the fermionic representation when the constraint of a single occupancy condition is taken into account by the method suggested by Popov and Fedotov. Using a saddle point approximation in the path integral approach we discuss not only the leading order but also the fluctuations around the saddle point at one-loop level. The influence of taking into account the single occupancy condition is discussed at all steps. (author)
Electron spin resonance study of NiO antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
The electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of antiferromagnetic nanoparticle NiO specimens have been investigated as a function of temperature at x-band (microwave) frequencies. Below the nominal Neel temperature, the x-band resonances arising from the bulk antiferromagnets, including NiO particles with diameters greater than 100 A, all vanish due to the emergence of large molecular exchange fields. The ESR resonance signals of 60 A antiferromagnetic nanoparticles, however, persist to the lowest temperatures. These nanoparticle resonance lines shift to lower fields rapidly as the temperature is decreased, while the lineshapes broaden and distort
Temperature dependence of anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4}
Wang, C.; Seinige, H.; Tsoi, M., E-mail: tsoi@physics.utexas.edu [Physics Department, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Texas Materials Institute, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Cao, G. [Center for Advanced Materials, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States); Zhou, J.-S.; Goodenough, J. B. [Texas Materials Institute, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)
2015-05-07
Temperature-dependent magnetotransport properties of the antiferromagnetic semiconductor Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4} are investigated with point-contact devices. The point-contact technique allows to probe very small volumes and, therefore, to look for electronic transport on a microscopic scale. Point-contact measurements with single crystals of Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4} were intended to see whether the additional local resistance associated with a small contact area between a sharpened Cu tip and the antiferromagnet shows magnetoresistance (MR) such as that seen in bulk crystals. Point-contact measurements at liquid nitrogen temperature revealed large MRs (up to 28%) for modest magnetic fields (250 mT) applied within an IrO{sub 2} (ab) plane with angular dependence showing a crossover from four-fold to two-fold symmetry with an increasing magnetic field. Point contact measurement exhibits distinctive anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) in comparison to a bulk experiment, imposing intriguing questions about the mechanism of AMR in this material. Temperature-dependent MR measurements show that the MR falls to zero at the Neel temperature, but the temperature dependence of the MR ratio differs qualitatively from that of the resistivity. This AMR study helps to unveil the entanglement between electronic transport and magnetism in Sr{sub 2}IrO{sub 4} while the observed magnetoresistive phenomena can be potentially used to sense the antiferromagnetic order parameter in spintronic applications.
Space-Time Parity Violation and Magnetoelectric Interactions in Antiferromagnets
Kadomtseva, A.M.; Zvezdin, A. K.; Popov, Yu. F.; Pyatakov, A. P.; Vorob'ev, G. P.
2004-01-01
The properties of antiferromagnetic materials with violated space-time parity are considered. Particular attention is given to the bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 ferroelectric magnet. This material is distinguished from other antiferromagnets in that the inversion center is absent in its crystal and magnetic structures. This circumstance gives rise to the diversified and unusual properties, namely, to the appearance of a spatially modulated spin structure and to the unique possibility of the linear m...
Quantum fluctuations of the antiferro-antiferromagnetic double-layer
Jiang Wei; Zhu Cheng-Bo; Yu Gui-Hong; Lo Veng-Cheong
2009-01-01
This paper stuides the magnetization and quantum fluctuations of an antiferro-antiferromagnetic (AF-AF) doublelayer at zero temperature.It is found that the exchanges and anisotropy constants affect the quantum fluctuations of spins. If the anisotropy exists,there will be no acoustic energy branch in the system. The anisotropy constant,antiferromagnetic intralayer and interlayer coupling have important roles in a balance of the quantum competition.
Nonlinear Absorption of Radio Waves in a Noncollinear Antiferromagnet
Tikhonov, Aleksey M.; Pavlov, Nikolay G.
2015-01-01
The nonlinear absorption of radio waves (200 - 800 MHz) in a noncollinear cubic antiferromagnet Mn3Al2Ge3O12 in an external magnetic field H || [001] has been studied in the temperature range of 1.2 - 4.2 K. We attribute the observed dissipation of the electromagnetic energy to the parametric excitation of inhomogeneous surface waves at the boundaries of antiferromagnetic domains.
Room-temperature antiferromagnetic memory resistor
Marti, X.; Fina, I.; Frontera, C.; Liu, Jian; Wadley, P.; He, Q.; Paull, R. J.; Clarkson, J. D.; Kudrnovský, J.; Turek, I.; Kuneš, J.; Yi, D.; Chu, J.-H.; Nelson, C. T.; You, L.; Arenholz, E.; Salahuddin, S.; Fontcuberta, J.; Jungwirth, T.; Ramesh, R.
2014-04-01
The bistability of ordered spin states in ferromagnets provides the basis for magnetic memory functionality. The latest generation of magnetic random access memories rely on an efficient approach in which magnetic fields are replaced by electrical means for writing and reading the information in ferromagnets. This concept may eventually reduce the sensitivity of ferromagnets to magnetic field perturbations to being a weakness for data retention and the ferromagnetic stray fields to an obstacle for high-density memory integration. Here we report a room-temperature bistable antiferromagnetic (AFM) memory that produces negligible stray fields and is insensitive to strong magnetic fields. We use a resistor made of a FeRh AFM, which orders ferromagnetically roughly 100 K above room temperature, and therefore allows us to set different collective directions for the Fe moments by applied magnetic field. On cooling to room temperature, AFM order sets in with the direction of the AFM moments predetermined by the field and moment direction in the high-temperature ferromagnetic state. For electrical reading, we use an AFM analogue of the anisotropic magnetoresistance. Our microscopic theory modelling confirms that this archetypical spintronic effect, discovered more than 150 years ago in ferromagnets, is also present in AFMs. Our work demonstrates the feasibility of fabricating room-temperature spintronic memories with AFMs, which in turn expands the base of available magnetic materials for devices with properties that cannot be achieved with ferromagnets.
Antiferromagnetic semiconductor LiMnAs
Novak, Vit; Jungwirth, Tomas; Cukr, Miroslav [Institute of Physics AS CR, Cukrovarnicka 10, Praha (Czech Republic); Svoboda, Stepan [Institute of Physics AS CR, Cukrovarnicka 10, Praha (Czech Republic); Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, Praha (Czech Republic); Soban, Zbynek [Institute of Physics AS CR, Cukrovarnicka 10, Praha (Czech Republic); Czech Technical University, Technicka 2, Praha (Czech Republic); Marti, Xavier; Holy, Vaclav; Horodyska, Petra; Nemec, Petr [Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, Praha (Czech Republic)
2011-07-01
LiMnAs belongs to the theoretically predicted class of I-Mn-V semiconductors with the antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn atoms. We report its first successful preparation in form of a thin film by molecular beam epitaxy. Structural properties of the material were examined in-situ by RHEED, and ex-situ by XPS and XRD, confirming the tetragonal crystal structure with its [100] direction oriented along the [110] direction of the InAs substrate. Transparency of LiMnAs in the spectral range of 870 to 1400 nm confirms the existence of an optical gap and indicates the band-gap energy above 1.4 eV. Magnetic properties measured by SQUID magnetometry show nearly compensated net magnetic moment in temperatures up to 400 K and magnetic fields up to 7 T, in a clear contrast to the ferromagnetic character of MnAs or to the paramagnetic behavior of the same amount of uncoupled Mn atoms.
Antiferromagnetic Skyrmion: Stability, Creation and Manipulation
Zhang, Xichao; Zhou, Yan; Ezawa, Motohiko
2016-04-01
Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like topological excitations in ferromagnets, which have the topo-logical number Q = ± 1, and hence show the skyrmion Hall effect (SkHE) due to the Magnus force effect originating from the topology. Here, we propose the counterpart of the magnetic skyrmion in the antiferromagnetic (AFM) system, that is, the AFM skyrmion, which is topologically protected but without showing the SkHE. Two approaches for creating the AFM skyrmion have been described based on micromagnetic lattice simulations: (i) by injecting a vertical spin-polarized current to a nanodisk with the AFM ground state; (ii) by converting an AFM domain-wall pair in a nanowire junction. It is demonstrated that the AFM skyrmion, driven by the spin-polarized current, can move straightly over long distance, benefiting from the absence of the SkHE. Our results will open a new strategy on designing the novel spintronic devices based on AFM materials.
Horio, M; Adachi, T; Mori, Y; Takahashi, A; Yoshida, T; Suzuki, H; Ambolode, L C C; Okazaki, K; Ono, K; Kumigashira, H; Anzai, H; Arita, M; Namatame, H; Taniguchi, M; Ootsuki, D; Sawada, K; Takahashi, M; Mizokawa, T; Koike, Y; Fujimori, A
2016-01-01
In the hole-doped cuprates, a small number of carriers suppresses antiferromagnetism and induces superconductivity. In the electron-doped cuprates, on the other hand, superconductivity appears only in a narrow window of high-doped Ce concentration after reduction annealing, and strong antiferromagnetic correlation persists in the superconducting phase. Recently, Pr1.3-xLa0.7CexCuO4 (PLCCO) bulk single crystals annealed by a protect annealing method showed a high critical temperature of around 27 K for small Ce content down to 0.05. Here, by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements of PLCCO crystals, we observed a sharp quasi-particle peak on the entire Fermi surface without signature of an antiferromagnetic pseudogap unlike all the previous work, indicating a dramatic reduction of antiferromagnetic correlation length and/or of magnetic moments. The superconducting state was found to extend over a wide electron concentration range. The present results fundamentally challenge the long-standing picture on the electronic structure in the electron-doped regime. PMID:26843063
Cascade of field-induced magnetic transitions in a frustrated antiferromagnetic metal
Coldea, A. I.; Seabra, L.; McCollam, A.; Carrington, A.; Malone, L.; Bangura, A. F.; Vignolles, D.; van Rhee, P.G.; McDonald, R. D.; Sorgel, T.; Jansen, M.; Shannon, N; Coldea, R.
2014-01-01
Frustrated magnets can exhibit many novel forms of order when exposed to high magnetic fields, however, much less is known about materials where frustration occurs in the presence of itinerant electrons. Here we report thermodynamic and transport measurements on micron-sized single crystals of the triangular-lattice metallic antiferromagnet 2H-AgNiO2, in magnetic fields of up to 90 T and temperatures down to 0.35 K. We observe a cascade of magnetic phase transitions at 13.5 20, 28 and 39T in ...
Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Spin Chain of a Few Cold Atoms in a One-Dimensional Trap
Murmann, S.; Deuretzbacher, F.; Zürn, G.; Bjerlin, J.; Reimann, S. M.; Santos, L.; Lompe, T.; Jochim, S.
2015-11-01
We report on the deterministic preparation of antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chains consisting of up to four fermionic atoms in a one-dimensional trap. These chains are stabilized by strong repulsive interactions between the two spin components without the need for an external periodic potential. We independently characterize the spin configuration of the chains by measuring the spin orientation of the outermost particle in the trap and by projecting the spatial wave function of one spin component on single-particle trap levels. Our results are in good agreement with a spin-chain model for fermionized particles and with numerically exact diagonalizations of the full few-fermion system.
On the influence of nanometer-thin antiferromagnetic surface layer on ferromagnetic CrO$_2$
Das, Pintu; Bajpai, Ashna; Ohno, Yuzo; Ohno, Hideo; Jens MÜLLER
2012-01-01
We present magnetic stray field measurements performed on a single micro-crystal of the half metallic ferromagnet CrO$_2$, covered by a naturally grown 2\\,-\\,5\\,nm surface layer of antiferromagnetic (AFM) Cr$_2$O$_3$. The temperature variation of the stray field of the micro-crystal measured by micro-Hall magnetometry shows an anomalous increase below $\\sim$\\,60\\,K. We find clear evidence that this behavior is due to the influence of the AFM surface layer, which could not be isolated in the c...
Universal Exchange-Driven Phonon Splitting in Antiferromagnets
Kant, Ch.; Schmidt, M.; Wang, Zhe; Mayr, F.; Tsurkan, V.; Deisenhofer, J.; Loidl, A.
2012-04-01
We report a linear dependence of the phonon splitting Δω on the nondominant exchange coupling constant Jnd in the antiferromagnetic transition-metal monoxides MnO, FeO, CoO, NiO, and in the frustrated antiferromagnetic oxide spinels CdCr2O4, MgCr2O4, and ZnCr2O4. It directly confirms the theoretical prediction of an exchange-induced splitting of the zone-center optical phonon for the monoxides and explains the magnitude and the change of sign of the phonon splitting on changing the sign of the nondominant exchange also in the frustrated oxide spinels. The experimentally found linear relation ℏΔω=βJndS2 with slope β=3.7 describes the splitting for both systems and agrees with the observations in the antiferromagnets KCoF3 and KNiF3 with perovskite structure and negligible next-nearest neighbor coupling. The common behavior found for very different classes of cubic antiferromagnets suggests a universal dependence of the exchange-induced phonon splitting at the antiferromagnetic transition on the nondominant exchange coupling.
Dos Santos Lima, Leonardo
We study the two-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic model with ion single anisotropy in the square lattice in the presence of nonmagnetic impurities at T = 0 using the SU(3) Schwinger boson theory. In particular, we discuss the influence of site disorder on the quantum phase transition of this model at Dc that separates the Néel phase, D Dc . We find that the long-range order in D CNPq, FAPEMIG, CAPES.
Nematic antiferromagnetic states in bulk FeSe
Liu, Kai; Lu, Zhong-Yi; Xiang, Tao
2016-05-01
The existence of nematic order, which breaks the lattice rotational symmetry with nonequivalent a and b axes in iron-based superconductors, is a well-established experimental fact. An antiferromagnetic (AFM) transition is accompanying this order, observed in nearly all parent compounds, except bulk FeSe. The absence of the AFM order in FeSe casts doubt on the magnetic mechanism of iron-based superconductivity, since the nematic order is believed to be driven by the same interaction that is responsible for the superconducting pairing in these materials. Here we show, through systematic first-principles electronic structure calculations, that the ground state of FeSe is in fact strongly AFM correlated but without developing a magnetic long-range order. Actually, there are a series of staggered n -mer AFM states with corresponding energies below that of the single stripe AFM state, which is the ground state for the parent compounds of most iron-based superconductors. Here, the staggered n -mer (n any integer >1 ) means a set of n adjacent parallel spins on a line along the b axis with antiparallel spins between n -mers along both a and b axes. Moreover, different n -mers can antiparallelly mix with each other to coexist. Among all the states, we find that the lowest energy states formed by the staggered dimer, staggered trimer, and their random antiparallel aligned spin states along the b axis are quasidegenerate. The thermal average of these states does not show any magnetic long-range order, but it does possess a hidden one-dimensional AFM order along the a axis, which can be detected by elastic neutron scattering measurements. Our finding gives a natural account for the absence of long-range magnetic order and suggests that the nematicity is driven predominantly by spin fluctuations even in bulk FeSe, providing a unified description on the phase diagram of iron-based superconductors.
Antiferromagnetic coupling across silicon regulated by tunneling currents
Gareev, Rashid; Schmid, Maximilian; Vancea, Johann; Back, Christian; Schreiber, Reinert; Buergler, Daniel; Stromberg, Frank; Wende, Heiko
2012-02-01
We present the room temperature enhancement of antiferromagnetic coupling in epitaxial Fe(3 nm)/Si(2.4 nm)/Fe(3 nm) structures by voltage-driven spin-polarized tunneling currents. Using the ballistic electron magnetic microscopy we established that the saturation field for the collector current corresponding to parallel alignment of magnetizations rises up with the tunneling current, thus demonstrating stabilization of the antiparallel alignment and increase of antiferromagnetic coupling. We connect the enhancement of antiferromagnetic coupling with local dynamic spin torques mediated by spin-polarized tunneling electrons. Finally, in the antiparallel state the spin-polarized majority (minority) electrons exert dynamic torques in the bottom (upper) iron layer and, thus, additionally stabilize magnetization alignment.
Vertex functions at finite momentum: Application to antiferromagnetic quantum criticality
Wölfle, Peter; Abrahams, Elihu
2016-02-01
We analyze the three-point vertex function that describes the coupling of fermionic particle-hole pairs in a metal to spin or charge fluctuations at nonzero momentum. We consider Ward identities, which connect two-particle vertex functions to the self-energy, in the framework of a Hubbard model. These are derived using conservation laws following from local symmetries. The generators considered are the spin density and particle density. It is shown that at certain antiferromagnetic critical points, where the quasiparticle effective mass is diverging, the vertex function describing the coupling of particle-hole pairs to the spin density Fourier component at the antiferromagnetic wave vector is also divergent. Then we give an explicit calculation of the irreducible vertex function for the case of three-dimensional antiferromagnetic fluctuations, and show that it is proportional to the diverging quasiparticle effective mass.
Functional renormalization for antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in the Hubbard model
Results of a renormalization group study for the 2-dimensional Hubbard model close to half-filling at finite temperature are presented. Bosonic degrees of freedom corresponding to antiferromagnetic and d-wave superconducting order are introduced, and flow equations for the corresponding coupling constants are deduced from an exact flow equation for the effective average action. The influence of bosonic fluctuations on the onset of local antiferromagnetic order is discussed. At low enough temperatures and close to half-filling the discrete symmetry of the lattice is broken and incommensurate antiferromagnetic fluctuations dominate. The phase diagram is shown for the parameter regime close to half-filling in the presence of vanishing as well as non-vanishing next-to-nearest-neighbor hopping t'. Finally, the potential emergence of d-wave superconducting order at larger distances from half-filling is discussed.
Experimental and theoretical studies of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials
Mørup, Steen; Madsen, Daniel Esmarch; Frandsen, Cathrine;
2007-01-01
nanoparticles, but it depends crucially on the size of the uncompensated moment. Excitation of the uniform mode results in a so-called thermoinduced moment, because the two sublattices are not strictly antiparallel when this mode is excited. The magnetic dipole interaction between antiferromagnetic......The magnetic properties of nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials are reviewed. The magnetic structure is often similar to the bulk structure, but there are several examples of size-dependent magnetic structures. Owing to the small magnetic moments of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles, the...... commonly used analysis of magnetization curves above the superparamagnetic blocking temperature may give erroneous results, because the distribution in magnetic moments and the magnetic anisotropy are not taken into account. We discuss how the magnetic dynamics can be studied by use of magnetization...
Tobey, R. I.; Wall, S.; Foerst, M.; Bromberger, H.; Khanna, V.; Turner, J. J.; Schlotter, W.; Trigo, M.; Krupin, O.; Lee, W. S.; Chuang, Y. -D.; Moore, R.; Cavalieri, A. L.; Wilkins, S. B.; Zheng, H.; Mitchell, J. F.; Dhesi, S. S.; Cavalleri, A.; Hill, J.P.
2012-01-01
Using time-resolved resonant soft x-ray diffraction, we measure the evolution of the full three-dimensional scattering volume of the antiferromagnetic superlattice reflection in the single-layer manganite La0.5Sr1.5MnO4 on femtosecond time scales following photoexcitation. We find that the in-plane
Bull, M.J.; McEwen, K.A.; Eccleston, R.S.;
1999-01-01
We summarise our UxY1-xPd3 inelastic neutron scattering experiments and present new neutron diffraction results for a single crystal of U0.45Y0.55Pd3. Long-range antiferromagnetic order is unambiguously observed below T-N = 22.5 K. in contrast, no long-range order is found in polycrystalline samp...
Holes in a two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet
A brief review is presented on the studies of the hole motion in a two-dimensional quantum antiferromagnetic. An extended introduction is given to cover the background of the problem. The quantum Bogoliubov-de Gennes formalism which treats the local distortion of the spin configuration and the quantum renormalization process on an equal footing, is outlined. The latest development on the central issue, whether a hole can freely propagate on an antiferromagnetic background, is overviewed. (author). 108 refs, 11 figs, 1 tab
Bond-Dilution-Induced Quantum Phase Transitions in Heisenberg Antiferromagnets
Yasuda, Chitoshi; Todo, Synge; Takayama, Hajime
2006-01-01
Bond-dilution effects on the ground state of the square-lattice antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, consisting of coupled bond-alternating chains, are investigated by means of the quantum Monte Carlo simulation. It is found that, when the ground state of the non-diluted system is a non-magnetic state with a finite spin gap, a sufficiently weak bond dilution induces a disordered state with a mid gap in the original spin gap, and under a further stronger bond dilution an antiferromagnetic long-...
On the interpretation of magnetization data for antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Madsen, Daniel Esmarch; Mørup, Steen; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt
2006-01-01
We have investigated the influence of anisotropy on the magnetization curves of antiferromagnetic nanoparticles. We show that if such curves are analyzed in a conventional way, i.e. using a Langevin function in combination with a linear term, this usually results in good quality fits, but with an...... apparent temperature dependence of parameters such as the magnetic moment per particle and the antiferromagnetic susceptibility. In order to avoid the problems associated with anisotropy as well as volume/moment distributions we propose that the initial susceptibility is used when analyzing the temperature...... dependence of the magnetic moment....
Estimation of particle magnetic moment distribution for antiferromagnetic ferrihydrite nanoparticles
Magnetization as a function of applied magnetic field at different temperatures for antiferromagnetic nanoparticles of ferrihydrite is measured and analyzed considering a distribution in particle magnetic moment. We find that the magnetization of this nanoparticle system is affected by the presence of particle magnetic moment distribution. This particle magnetic moment distribution is estimated at different temperatures. - Highlights: • Magnetic behavior of a nanoparticle system is affected by the presence of particle magnetic moment distribution. • One can not get correct and physically meaningful fit parameters if the particle magnetic moment distribution is ignored. • This particle magnetic moment distribution using the magnetization data is estimated for 2 nm antiferromagnetic ferrihydrite particles
Ferro- and antiferro-magnetism in (Np, Pu)BC
Two new transuranium metal boron carbides, NpBC and PuBC, have been synthesized. Rietveld refinements of powder XRD patterns of (Np,Pu)BC confirmed in both cases isotypism with the structure type of UBC. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility data reveal antiferromagnetic ordering for PuBC below TN = 44 K, whereas ferromagnetic ordering was found for NpBC below TC = 61 K. Heat capacity measurements prove the bulk character of the observed magnetic transition for both compounds. The total energy electronic band structure calculations support formation of the ferromagnetic ground state for NpBC and the antiferromagnetic ground state for PuBC
Raman scattering in a two-layer antiferromagnet
Morr, Dirk K.; Chubukov, Andrey V.; Kampf, Arno P.; Blumberg, G.
1995-01-01
Two--magnon Raman scattering is a useful tool to verify recent suggestions concerning the value of the interplanar exchange constant in antiferromagnetic two--layer systems, such as $YBa_2Cu_3O_{6+x}$. We present a theory for Raman scattering in a two--layer antiferromagnet. We study the spectra for the electronic and magnetic excitations across the charge transfer gap within the one--band Hubbard model and derive the matrix elements for the Raman scattering cross section in a diagrammatic fo...
Thermal Generation of Spin Current in an Antiferromagnet.
Seki, S; Ideue, T; Kubota, M; Kozuka, Y; Takagi, R; Nakamura, M; Kaneko, Y; Kawasaki, M; Tokura, Y
2015-12-31
The longitudinal spin Seebeck effect has been investigated for a uniaxial antiferromagnetic insulator Cr(2)O(3), characterized by a spin-flop transition under magnetic field along the c axis. We have found that a temperature gradient applied normal to the Cr(2)O(3)/Pt interface induces inverse spin Hall voltage of spin-current origin in Pt, whose magnitude turns out to be always proportional to magnetization in Cr(2)O(3). The possible contribution of the anomalous Nernst effect is confirmed to be negligibly small. The above results establish that an antiferromagnetic spin wave can be an effective carrier of spin current. PMID:26765011
Inelastic neutron scattering on an antiferromagnetic tetrahedral Ni{sub 4} molecule
Nehrkorn, Joscha; Waldmann, Oliver [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Freiburg, D-79104 Freiburg (Germany); Mutka, Hannu [Institut Laue Langevin, BP 156-38042, Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)
2008-07-01
We study the magnetic excitations in a tetrahedral Ni{sub 4} molecule by inelastic neutron scattering (INS). The Ni{sub 4} cluster consists of four antiferromagnetically coupled spin-1 Ni{sup 2+} ions in an almost perfect tetrahedral arrangement. The antiferromagnetic Heisenberg coupling should lead to a S=0 ground state with higher-lying S=1 and S=2 levels. In our INS measurements we see peaks at transition energies in accord with the Heisenberg spectrum, but which violate the INS selection rule {delta}S=0,{+-}1. That is, we observe not only the peaks which would correspond to the S=0{yields}S=1 and S=1 {yields}S=2 transitions, but also a peak which would have to be assigned as a S=0 {yields}S=2 transition. However, Ni{sup 2+} ions are known to exhibit single-ion anisotropies as large as several 10 K, which hence, apparently, should not be neglected. Therefore, the effects of a single-ion anisotropy in a tetrahedral symmetry on the INS spectrum is explored by exact numerical calculations.
Magnetoelectric coupling in the honeycomb antiferromagnet Co4Nb2O9
Khanh, N. D.; Abe, N.; Sagayama, H.; Nakao, A.; Hanashima, T.; Kiyanagi, R.; Tokunaga, Y.; Arima, T.
2016-02-01
The magnetic structure and magnetoelectric effect have been investigated for single crystals of the antiferromagnet Co4Nb2O9 . Single-crystal neutron diffraction and magnetic susceptibility measurement have revealed that the magnetic structure is different from a collinear arrangement with spin parallel to the trigonal axis as proposed previously. Co2 + magnetic moments are found to be almost lying in the basal plane, which lowers the magnetic symmetry to C 2 /c' with the propagation vector k =0 . Associated with the magnetic phase transition, a sharp anomaly in the dielectric constant and displacement current indicate the appearance of the magnetoelectric below Néel temperature TN with a large coupling constant up to 30 ps/m. The existence of off-diagonal components in a magnetoelectric tensor indicate the formation of ferrotoroidic order in Co4Nb2O9 . Such a magnetoelectric effect can be ascribed to the reduction of symmetry caused by simple antiferromagnetic order in a honeycomb network.
Incommensurate antiferromagnetism and magnetic correlations in CeCu6-xAux
Stockert, O.; Lohneysen, H. von; Schröder, A.;
1997-01-01
Magnetic ordering and correlations in single crystals of the heavy-fermion alloys CeCu5.8Au0.2 and CeCu5.9Au0.1 were investigated by elastic and inelastic neutron scattering. CeCu5.8Au0.2 orders with an incommensurate magnetic structure and a wave vector q = (+/- 0.79 0 0). Only dynamic antiferro......Magnetic ordering and correlations in single crystals of the heavy-fermion alloys CeCu5.8Au0.2 and CeCu5.9Au0.1 were investigated by elastic and inelastic neutron scattering. CeCu5.8Au0.2 orders with an incommensurate magnetic structure and a wave vector q = (+/- 0.79 0 0). Only dynamic...... antiferromagnetic correlations along a* are observed in CeCu5.9Au0.1 which evolve into a static sine modulation in CeCu5.8Au0.2....
Thermal behavior in the magnetic phase diagram of the easy axis antiferromagnet Cs2FeCl5·H2O
Freitas, R. S.; Paduan-Filho, A.; Becerra, C. C.
2016-03-01
The specific heat at a constant applied field C H(T) and at fixed temperatures C T(H) of single crystals of the low anisotropy antiferromagnet Cs2FeCl5·H2O was measured across the different boundaries of its magnetic phase diagram, in magnetic fields up to 9 T applied parallel and perpendicular to the easy axis direction and to temperatures down to 0.3 K. The specific heat data indicate that the critical behavior along the antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase boundary and the spin-flop to paramagnetic phase boundary, are basically the same. We also measured the specific heat when the first order antiferromagnetic to spin-flop phase boundary is crossed at a fixed temperature. The entropy of the different magnetic phases is discussed.
B K Sahoo; B N Panda
2011-10-01
The effect of hybridization of conduction electrons and f-level on superconductivity (SC) and antiferromagnetism (AFM) in the coexistent phase of rare-earth nickel borocarbide superconductors (Ni2B2C) is reported. The Hamiltonian of the system is a mean ﬁeld one and has been solved by writing equations of motion for the single-particle Green functions. It is assumed that superconductivity arises due to BCS pairing mechanism in the presence of antiferromagnetism in nickel lattices of Ni2B2 plane. The expressions for superconducting and antiferromagnetic order parameters are derived using double time electron Green functions. The quasiparticle energy bands are plotted and the nature of band dispersion of the quasiparticles is studied.
Magnetic structure of an organic antiferromagnet. 4,5-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazole-nitronyl-nitroxide
Complete text of publication follows. The magnetic structure of 4,5-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazole-nitronyl-nitroxide, a purely organic free-radical compound synthesized recently by Sutter et al. [1] has been determined by single crystal neutron diffraction. In this class of materials, each molecule carries an unpaired electron, and therefore a spin S = 1/2. The related compound γ-NPNN was the first purely organic ferromagnet (Tc = 0.6 K) [2]. The title compound crystallises in an orthorhombic structure, space group P212121, with four molecules per unit cell. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility reveals a weak ferromagnetic coupling between the unpaired electrons. Below TN = 0.33 K, however, long-range antiferromagnetic coupling between the unpaired electrons. Below TN = 0.33 K, however, long-range antiferromagnetic ordering is observed [1]. By neutron diffraction on a single crystal of the title compound, three Bragg reflections (001), (010), and (030) of magnetic origin have been observed below TN, the presence of which already determines the relative spin alignment of the four magnetic moments per crystallographic unit cell. With this information the competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic exchange pathways can be identified. (author) [1] J.P. Sutter et al., J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 171 (1997) 147.; [2] M. Tamura et al., Chem. Phys. Lett. 186 (1991) 401
Phase transitions in n=4 type II antiferromagnets
The Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson (LGW) Hamiltonian associated with n=4 type II fcc antiferromagnets is discussed. It is shown that the model is expected to exhibit a first order transition in d=3 dimensions. Recent experimental results on CeS, CeSe and CeTe are discussed. (author)
Upper critical fields of superconductor-antiferromagnet superlattices
Nucleation of the superconducting phase in proximity coupled superconductor-antiferromagnetic (SC/AF) multilayers is studied theoretically. Assuming that both superconducting and antiferromagnetic metals are dirty the superconducting transition temperature, Tc, and upper critical fields, Hc2parallel(T) and Hc2perpendicular(T), as functions from the system parameters have been calculated. Comparison of the results for the SC/AF structures and for the SC/ferromagnetic multilayers shows that the values of the Tc, Hc2parallel(T) and Hc2perpendicular(T) are more sensitive to the ferromagnetic exchange field than to the antiferromagnetic one. The main difference in the values of the critical fields is obtained for the structures formed by thin superconducting layers. The finite effect on the superconducting properties of the multilayers does not depend on the strength of the magnetism only, but on the scattering mechanism of the electrons at the interfaces too. The advantage of the antiferromagnetic interaction for nucleation of the SC phase will be lost if nearly all Cooper pairs are destroyed due to the interface scattering
Oscillating Solitons Pinned to a Nonmagnetic Impurity in Layered Antiferromagnets
Mól, L. A. S.; Pereira, A. R.; Moura-Melo, W. A.
2002-01-01
We argue that an oscillatory motion of impurity-pinned solitons may occur in layered antiferromagnetic compounds. The characteristic frequencies of these modes, that may be detected by resonance or inelastic neutron scattering, are estimated analytically and depend on the soliton sizes and types .
Superconductivity and Antiferromagnetism in Quasi-one-dimensional Organic Conductors
Dupuis, N.; Bourbonnais, C.; Nickel, J. C.
2005-01-01
We review the current understanding of superconductivity in the quasi-one-dimensional organic conductors of the Bechgaard and Fabre salt families. We discuss the interplay between superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and charge-density-wave fluctuations. The connection to recent experimental observations supporting unconventional pairing and the possibility of a triplet-spin order parameter for the superconducting phase is also presented.
On the magnetism of Heisenberg double-layer antiferromagnets
The author investigates the sublattice magnetization and the susceptibility of the double-layer Heisenberg antiferromagnet K3M2F7 by employing the techniques of elastic and quasi-elastic critical magnetic scattering of neutrons. (G.T.H.)
Observation of Antiferromagnetic Resonance in an Organic Superconductor
Torrance, J. B.; Pedersen, H. J.; Bechgaard, K.
1982-01-01
Anomalous microwave absorption has been observed in the organic superconductor TMTSF2AsF6 (TMTSF: tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene) below its metal-nonmetal transition near 12 K. This absorption is unambiguously identified as antiferromagnetic resonance by the excellent agreement between a spin...
Ferro- and antiferro-magnetism in (Np, Pu)BC
Klimczuk, T.; Shick, Alexander; Kozub, Agnieszka L.; Griveau, J.C.; Colineau, E.; Falmbigl, M.; Wastin, F.; Rogl, P.
2015-01-01
Roč. 3, č. 4 (2015), "041803-1"-"041803-9". ISSN 2166-532X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-07172S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : ferromagetism * antiferromagnetism * magnetic anisotropy * strong electron correlations * spin-orbit coupling Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism
An antiferromagnetic transverse Ising nanoisland; unconventional surface effects
Kaneyoshi, T.
2015-12-01
The phase diagrams and temperature dependences of magnetizations in a transverse Ising nanosisland with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration are studied by the use of the effective-field theory with correlations (EFT). Some novel features, such as the re-entrant phenomena with two compensation points being free from disorder induced frustration, are obtained for the magnetic properties in the system.
Antiferromagnetic order in tetragonal bismuth ferrite-lead titanate
Neutron powder diffraction of particulates of 0.7BiFeO3-0.3PbTiO3 in the tetragonal P4mm phase has been used to determine the type of antiferromagnetic order that occurs below 220 K. It is shown that G-type antiferromagnetic ordering occurs, with magnetic propagation along the 1/2 1/2 1/2 direction. Unlike the rhombohedral R3c phase the direction of antiferromagnetic propagation and the ferroelectric order parameter are not parallel in the tetragonal phase, but at an angle of 49.9o. The ground state (at 4 K) magnetic moment is 4.1 μB. - Highlights: → G-type antiferromagnetic ordering below 220 K in 0.7BiFeO3-0.3PbTiO3. → Ground state magnetic moment=4.1 μB. → Magnetic propagation vector k=(1/2 1/2 1/2 ). → Ferroelectric ordering (0 0 1) at 49.9o to magnetic propagation vector.
On the ground state of antiferromagnets at zero temperature
Mayer, I.; Angelov, S. A.
1984-02-01
The wave function describing a perfect antiferromagnetic ordering of spins at 0 K (the singlet projection of the Néel function) was proved to be not an eigenfunction of the exchange Hamiltonian: the long-range order is reduced as to permit a higher correlation between the nearest-neighbour spins.
Antiferromagnetic ground state in NpCoGe
Colineau, E.; Griveau, J.C.; Eloirdi, R.; Gaczyński, P.; Khmelevskyi, S.; Shick, Alexander; Caciuffo, R.
2014-01-01
Roč. 89, č. 11 (2014), "115135-1"-"115135-11". ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP204/10/0330 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : neptunium * anti-ferromagnetism * quantum critical phenomena Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.736, year: 2014
Antiferromagnetic structure in tetragonal CuMnAs thin films
Wadley, P.; Hills, V.; Shahedkhah, M.R.; Edmonds, K. W.; Campion, R. P.; Novák, Vít; Ouladdiaf, B.; Khalyavin, D.; Langridge, S.; Saidl, V.; Němec, P.; Rushforth, A.W.; Gallagher, B. L.; Dhesi, S.S.; Maccherozzi, F.; Železný, Jakub; Jungwirth, Tomáš
2015-01-01
Roč. 5, Nov (2015), s. 17079. ISSN 2045-2322 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR GB14-37427G EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 268066 - 0MSPIN Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : spintronics * antiferromagnets Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 5.578, year: 2014
Sequential write-read operations in FeRh antiferromagnetic memory
Moriyama, Takahiro; Matsuzaki, Noriko; Kim, Kab-Jin; Suzuki, Ippei; Taniyama, Tomoyasu; Ono, Teruo
2015-09-01
B2-ordered FeRh has been known to exhibit antiferromagnetic-ferromagnetic (AF-F) phase transitions in the vicinity of room temperature. Manipulation of the Néel order via AF-F phase transition and recent experimental observation of the anisotropic magnetoresistance in antiferromagnetic FeRh has proven that FeRh is a promising candidate for antiferromagnetic memory material. In this work, we demonstrate sequential write and read operations in antiferromagnetic memory resistors made of B2-orderd FeRh thin films by a magnetic field and electric current only, which open a realistic pathway towards operational antiferromagnetic memory devices.
Heisenberg antiferromagnet on Cayley trees: Low-energy spectrum and even/odd site imbalance
Changlani, Hitesh J.; Ghosh, Shivam; Henley, Christopher L.; Läuchli, Andreas M.
2013-02-01
To understand the role of local sublattice imbalance in low-energy spectra of s=(1)/(2) quantum antiferromagnets, we study the s=(1)/(2) quantum nearest neighbor Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the coordination 3 Cayley tree. We perform many-body calculations using an implementation of the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) technique for generic tree graphs. We discover that the bond-centered Cayley tree has a quasidegenerate set of a low-lying tower of states and an “anomalous” singlet-triplet finite-size gap scaling. For understanding the construction of the first excited state from the many-body ground state, we consider a wave function ansatz given by the single-mode approximation, which yields a high overlap with the DMRG wave function. Observing the ground-state entanglement spectrum leads us to a picture of the low-energy degrees of freedom being “giant spins” arising out of sublattice imbalance, which helps us analytically understand the scaling of the finite-size spin gap. The Schwinger-boson mean-field theory has been generalized to nonuniform lattices, and ground states have been found which are spatially inhomogeneous in the mean-field parameters.
Magnetic ordering of the buckled honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet Ba2NiTeO6
Asai, Shinichiro; Soda, Minoru; Kasatani, Kazuhiro; Ono, Toshio; Avdeev, Maxim; Masuda, Takatsugu
2016-01-01
We investigate the magnetic order of the buckled honeycomb lattice antiferromagnet Ba2NiTeO6 and its related antiferromagnet Ba3NiTa2O9 by neutron diffraction measurements. We observe magnetic Bragg peaks below the transition temperatures, and identify propagation vectors for these oxides. A combination of representation analysis and Rietveld refinement leads to a collinear magnetic order for Ba2NiTeO6 and a 120∘ structure for Ba3NiTa2O9 . We find that the spin model of the bilayer triangular lattice is equivalent to that of the two-dimensional buckled honeycomb lattice having magnetic frustration. We discuss the magnetic interactions and single-ion anisotropy of Ni+2 ions for Ba2NiTeO6 in order to clarify the origin of the collinear magnetic structures. Our calculation suggests that the collinear magnetic order of Ba2NiTeO6 is induced by the magnetic frustration and easy-axis anisotropy.
Magnetoelectric effect in antiferromagnetic LiCoPO4 in pulsed magnetic fields
Khrustalyov, V. M.; Savytsky, V. M.; Kharchenko, M. F.
2016-04-01
The magnetoelectric effect in single-crystal LiCoPO4 (TN = 21.8 K) is studied in strong pulsed magnetic fields which destroy the antiferromagnetic structure of the crystal spin ordering. The electric polarization along the crystallographic a axis induced by a magnetic field H||b is measured. New features of the electric polarization in a magnetic field are found, including a spike in the polarization near the field for the first magnetic transition at H1 = 123 kOe, a recovery of the electric polarization at the second magnetic transition H2 = 210 kOe, and a gradual reduction to zero on approaching the third transition at H3 = 263 kOe. Various possible magnetic structures in the high field phases are examined which are consistent with their magnetization and electric polarization. The observed linear dependence of the polarization on field strength in the initial antiferromagnetic phase and the vanishing of the polarization in the first high-field phase are in good agreement with previous studies of the magnetoelectric effect in LiCoPO4 [Wiegelmann et al., Ferroelectrics 161, 147 (1994); H. Wiegelman, Ph.D. thesis (University of Konstanz, Konstanz, 1995)].
Thermodynamic functions for a model antiferromagnet with identical coupling between all spins
A model antiferromagnet consisting of N spins S=1/2, all interacting among themselves with equal strength, and with the external magnetic field H, was analysed, both for Ising spins and vector spins. Starting from the Hamiltonian, the partition function, specific heat and magnetic susceptibility vs temperature T have been calculated for both systems, for finite N (with the interspin coupling I < 0) and for N →∞ (with the coupling I/N < 0). For finite N one finds several relations between the features of the energy levels and the calculated plots, related especially to the number of spins being odd or even. The 1/(NT) behavior of the susceptibility at T→0 for odd N has been interpreted as due to the occurrence of a single frustrated spin pushing the whole system to behave like the free spin in the external magnetic field. For N→∞ (thermodynamic limit) the Kac procedure has been extended to include the effect of magnetic field, both for Ising spins and the vector spins. As compared with the ferromagnetic case, the evaluation of the partition function and related functions is in the case of antiferromagnetic coupling (I < 0) relatively straightforward. We have found the specific heat (per one spin) vs T at finite magnetic field to be proportional to the squared field, turning to zero at the absence of the field. The magnetic susceptibility (per one spin) shows a regular behavior of the paramagnetic type at all temperatures. (author)
Control of antiferromagnetic domain distribution via polarization-dependent optical annealing.
Higuchi, Takuya; Kuwata-Gonokami, Makoto
2016-01-01
The absence of net magnetization inside antiferromagnetic domains has made the control of their spatial distribution quite challenging. Here we experimentally demonstrate an optical method for controlling antiferromagnetic domain distributions in MnF2. Reduced crystalline symmetry can couple an order parameter with non-conjugate external stimuli. In the case of MnF2, time-reversal symmetry is macroscopically broken reflecting the different orientations of the two magnetic sublattices. Thus, it exhibits different absorption coefficients between two orthogonal linear polarizations below its antiferromagnetic transition temperature under an external magnetic field. Illumination with linearly polarized laser light under this condition selectively destructs the formation of a particular antiferromagnetic order via heating. As a result, the other antiferromagnetic order is favoured inside the laser spot, achieving spatially localized selection of an antiferromagnetic order. Applications to control of interface states at antiferromagnetic domain boundaries, exchange bias and control of spin currents are expected. PMID:26911337
Electronic and magnetic calculations were based on density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation for II–VI compound semiconductor TiO2 doped with single impurity Os and Mo; these compounds are half-metallic ferromagnets in their ground state with a total magnetic moment of 2μB for both systems. Then, doping TiO2 with double impurities (Os, Mo) was performed. As a result, Ti1−2xOsxMoxO2 with x = 0.065 is a half-metallic antiferromagnet with 100% spin polarization of the conduction electrons crossing the Fermi level, without showing a net magnetization. Moreover, the Ti14OsMoO32 compound is stable energetically than Ti1−xMoxO2 and Ti1−xOsxO2. The antiferromagnetic interaction in the Ti1−2xOsxMoxO2 system is attributed to the double exchange mechanism, and the latter could also be the origin of their half-metallic behavior. - Highlights: • TiO2 codoped with Os and Mo exhibits half-metallic diluted antiferromagnetic behavior. • TiO2 doped with Mo exhibits half-metallic diluted ferromagnetic behavior. • TiO2 doped with Os exhibits half-metallic diluted ferromagnetic behavior
Segregation of antiferromagnetism and high-temperature superconductivity in Ca1-xLaxFe2As2
Saha, Shanta R.; Drye, T.; Goh, S. K.; Klintberg, L. E.; Silver, J. M.; Grosche, F. M.; Sutherland, M.; Munsie, T. J. S.; Luke, G. M.; Pratt, D. K.; Lynn, J. W.; Paglione, J.
2014-04-01
We report the effect of applied pressures on magnetic and superconducting order in single crystals of the aliovalent La-doped iron pnictide material Ca1-xLaxFe2As2. Using electrical transport, elastic neutron scattering, and resonant tunnel diode oscillator measurements on samples under both quasihydrostatic and hydrostatic pressure conditions, we report a series of phase diagrams spanning the range of substitution concentrations for both antiferromagnetic and superconducting ground states that include pressure-tuning through the antiferromagnetic (AFM) superconducting critical point. Our results indicate that the observed superconducting phase with a maximum transition temperature of Tc=47 K is intrinsic to these materials, appearing only upon suppression of magnetic order by pressure-tuning through the AFM critical point. Thus, the superconducting phase appears to exist exclusively in juxtaposition to the antiferromagnetic phase in a manner similar to the oxygen- and fluorine-based iron-pnictide superconductors with the highest transition temperatures reported to date. Unlike the lower-Tc systems, in which superconductivity and magnetism usually coexist, the tendency for the highest-Tc systems to show noncoexistence provides an important insight into the distinct transition temperature limits in different members of the iron-based superconductor family.
Ferro- and antiferro-magnetism in (Np, Pu)BC
Klimczuk, T., E-mail: tomasz.klimczuk@pg.gda.pl [European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), Postfach 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe (Germany); Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk (Poland); Shick, A. B. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, Na Slovance 2, CZ-18221 Prague (Czech Republic); Kozub, A. L. [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-233 Gdansk (Poland); Institute of Physics, ASCR, Na Slovance 2, CZ-18221 Prague (Czech Republic); Griveau, J.-C.; Colineau, E.; Wastin, F. [European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), Postfach 2340, 76125 Karlsruhe (Germany); Falmbigl, M.; Rogl, P., E-mail: peter.franz.rogl@univie.ac.at [Institute for Physical Chemistry, University Vienna, Währingerstrasse 42, A-1090 Wien (Austria)
2015-04-01
Two new transuranium metal boron carbides, NpBC and PuBC, have been synthesized. Rietveld refinements of powder XRD patterns of (Np,Pu)BC confirmed in both cases isotypism with the structure type of UBC. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility data reveal antiferromagnetic ordering for PuBC below T{sub N} = 44 K, whereas ferromagnetic ordering was found for NpBC below T{sub C} = 61 K. Heat capacity measurements prove the bulk character of the observed magnetic transition for both compounds. The total energy electronic band structure calculations support formation of the ferromagnetic ground state for NpBC and the antiferromagnetic ground state for PuBC.
Small-scale phase separation in doped anisotropic antiferromagnets
We analyse the possibility of nanoscale phase separation manifesting itself in the formation of ferromagnetic (FM) polarons (FM droplets) in the general situation of doped anisotropic three- and two-dimensional antiferromagnets. In these cases, we calculate the shape of the most energetically favourable droplets. We show that the binding energy and the volume of a FM droplet in the three-dimensional (3D) case depend upon only two universal parameters J-bar=(Jx+Jy+Jz)S2 and teff (txtytz)1/3, where J-bar and teff are effective antiferromagnetic (AFM) exchange and hopping integrals, respectively. In the two-dimensional (2D) case these parameters have the form J-bar=(Jx+Jy)S2 and teff (txty)1/2. The most favourable shape of a ferromagnetic droplet corresponds to an ellipse in the 2D case and to an ellipsoid in the 3D case
Hidden symmetries in the two-dimensional isotropic antiferromagnet
Leonel, S A; Oliveira, W; Silva, G L; Xavier, L M V
2013-01-01
We discuss the two-dimensional isotropic antiferromagnet in the framework of gauge invariance. Gauge invariance is one of the most subtle useful concepts in theoretical physics, since it allows one to describe the time evolution of complex physical systesm in arbitrary sequences of reference frames. All theories of the fundamental interactions rely on gauge invariance. In Dirac's approach, the two-dimensional isotropic antiferromagnet is subject to second class constraints, which are independent of the Hamiltonian symmetries and can be used to eliminate certain canonical variables from the theory. We have used the symplectic embedding formalism developed by a few of us to make the system under study gauge-invariant. After carrying out the embedding and Dirac analysis, we systematically show how second class constraints can generate hidden symmetries. We obtain the invariant second-order Lagrangian and the gauge-invariant model Hamiltonian. Finally, for a particular choice of factor ordering, we derive the fun...
Fermi surface and antiferromagnetism of FeRh
Nakada, K. [Department of Quantum Matter, ADSM, Hiroshima University, Higashi Hiroshima 739-8530 (Japan)]. E-mail: nakada@hiroshima-u.ac.jp; Yamada, H. [Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, Matsumoto 390-8621 (Japan)
2007-03-15
In order to examine the stabilization of antiferromagnetic state with the observed spin ordering wave vector Q in an ordered alloy FeRh with a CsCl-type structure, the nesting effect of the Fermi surfaces is discussed by using the electronic structures calculated by the FLAPW method. Although the nesting of Fermi surfaces cannot be seen so clearly, it is found that there exists rather wide region in the Brillouin zone where the energy at the crossing point between the energies E(k) and E(k+Q) of electron and hole is within a few mRy above or below the Fermi level. This fact is shown to stabilize the antiferromagnetic state in FeRh, together with the fact that a hole surface exists on other place in the Brillouin zone.
Observation of superficial antiferromagnetism in Co3O4 polycrystals
von Dreifus, Driele; Chaves Pereira, Ernesto; Aparecido de Oliveira, Adilson Jesus
2015-11-01
We report on a systematic study about the magnetic properties of Co3O4 polycrystals with large size distribution (100-1200 nm) and the crystallite size of 68(4) nm on average. An antiferromagnetic transition at T N = 32 K, extensively reported in the literature for Co3O4, was observed. Furthermore, another transition at T t = 14 K, which is suppressed for H ≥ 35 kOe, was also identified. An increase in the magnetic susceptibility, as well as irreversibility between zero field cooled and field cooled data below T t were observed. The non-detection of a coercive field below T t, and the fact that T t and T N are independent from the driven frequencies in ac magnetic measurements as a function of temperature, confirm that both peaks are associated to antiferromagnetic transitions.
Spin waves in the block checkerboard antiferromagnetic phase
Lu Feng; Dai Xi
2012-01-01
Motivated by the discovery of a new family of 122 iron-based superconductors,we present the theoretical results on the ground state phase diagram,spin wave,and dynamic structure factor obtained from the extended J1-J2 Heisenberg model.In the reasonable physical parameter region of K2Fe4Ses,we find that the block checkerboard antiferromagnetic order phase is stable.There are two acoustic spin wave branches and six optical spin wave branches in the block checkerboard antiferromagnetic phase,which have analytic expressions at the high-symmetry points.To further compare the experimental data on neutron scattering,we investigate the saddlepoint structure of the magnetic excitation spectrum and the inelastic neutron scattering pattern based on linear spin wave theory.
Resonating Valence Bond states for low dimensional S=1 antiferromagnets
Liu, Zheng-Xin; Zhou, Yi; Ng, Tai-Kai
2014-03-01
We study S = 1 spin liquid states in low dimensions. We show that the resonating-valence-bond (RVB) picture of S = 1 / 2 spin liquid state can be generalized to S = 1 case. For S = 1 system, a many-body singlet (with even site number) can be decomposed into superposition of products of two-body singlets. In other words, the product states of two-body singlets, called the singlet pair states (SPSs), are over complete to span the Hilbert space of many-body singlets. Furthermore, we generalized fermionic representation and the corresponding mean field theory and Gutzwiller projected stats to S = 1 models. We applied our theory to study 1D anti-ferromagnetic bilinear-biquadratic model and show that both the ground states (including the phase transition point) and the excited states can be understood excellently well within the framework. Our method can be applied to 2D S = 1 antiferromagnets.
Quantum order by disorder in frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnets
Bernier, Jean-Sebastien; Lawler, Michael J.; Kim, Yong Baek
2008-01-01
We present a quantum theory of frustrated diamond lattice antiferromagnets. Considering quantum fluctuations as the predominant mechanism relieving spin frustration, we find a rich phase diagram comprising of six phases with coplanar spiral ordering in addition to the N\\'eel phase. By computing the specific heat of these ordered phases, we obtain a remarkable agreement between $(k,k,0)$-spiral ordering and the experimental specific heat data for the diamond lattice spinel compounds MnSc$_2$S$...
Polarized Neutron Reflectivity Simulation of Ferromagnet/ Antiferromagnet Thin Films
This report investigates the current simulating and fitting programs capable of calculating the polarized neutron reflectivity of the exchange-biased ferromagnet/antiferromagnet magnetic thin films. The adequate programs are selected depending on whether nonspin flip and spin flip reflectivities of magnetic thin films and good user interface are available or not. The exchange-biased systems such as Fe/Cr, Co/CoO, CoFe/IrMn/Py thin films have been simulated successfully with selected programs
Drone-fermions in the two-dimensional antiferromagnet
Krivenko, S.; Khaliullin, G.
1995-02-01
Two different representations of spins - via the conventional fermions, or via the Mattis drone-fermions - are compared considering the planar antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model as an example. Mean-field spin correlation functions calculated for the uniform and flux RVB states show that the drone-fermion approach has an advantage in giving the lower energy and the enhanced AF correlations, because of the absence of unphysical spinless states in this representation.
Magnetic susceptibility investigation of some antiferromagnetic Fe2+ complexes
The magnetic susceptibility of (Csub(n)Hsub(2n+1)NH3)2 FeCl4, where n = 1,2,3,4 and ((CH3)2NH2)2 FeCl4, is measured in the temperature range 80 - 3000K. The results are interpreted in terms of a canted 2-dimensional antiferromagnet that approximates the X-Y model. The effect of varying the magnetic field strength on the susceptibility behaviour is discussed. (author)
High-field magnetism and magnetoacoustics in uranium intermetallic antiferromagnets
Andreev, Alexander V.; Skourski, Y.; Yasin, S.; Zherlitsyn, S.; Wosnitza, J.
2012-01-01
Roč. 324, č. 21 (2012), s. 3413-3417. ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/09/0339; GA ČR GAP204/12/0150 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520 Keywords : uranium intermetallics * antiferromagnetism * field-induced transitions * magnetoacoustics Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.826, year: 2012
Supersymmetry "protected" topological phases of isostatic lattices and kagome antiferromagnets
Lawler, Michael J
2015-01-01
I generalize the theory of phonon topological band structures of isostatic lattices to frustrated antiferromagnets. I achieve this with a discovery of a many-body supersymmetry (SUSY) in the phonon problem of balls and springs and its connection to local constraints satisfied by ground states. The Witten index of the SUSY model demands the Maxwell-Calladine index of mechanical structures. "Spontaneous supersymmetry breaking" is identified as the need to gap all modes in the bulk to create the...
Coupling the valley degree of freedom to antiferromagnetic order
Li, Xiao; Cao, Ting; Niu, Qian; Shi, Junren; Feng, Ji
2013-01-01
Conventional electronics are based invariably on the intrinsic degrees of freedom of an electron, namely, its charge and spin. The exploration of novel electronic degrees of freedom has important implications in both basic quantum physics and advanced information technology. Valley as a new electronic degree of freedom has received considerable attention in recent years. In this paper, we develop the theory of spin and valley physics of an antiferromagnetic honeycomb lattice. We show that by ...
Electrical manipulation of a ferromagnet by an antiferromagnet
Tshitoyan, V.; Ciccarelli, C.; Mihai, M.; Ali, M.; Irvine, A.C.; Moore, T.A.; Jungwirth, Tomáš; Ferguson, A.J.
2015-01-01
Roč. 92, č. 1 (2015), "214406-1"-"214406-11". ISSN 1098-0121 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LM2011026; GA ČR GB14-37427G Grant ostatní: ERC Advanced Grant 0MSPIN(XE) 268066 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : spintronics * antiferromagnets * current induced switching Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.736, year: 2014
Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution
Nokura, Kazuo [Shonan Institute of Technology, Fujisawa 251-8511 (Japan)
2003-11-28
I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states.
Long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model for prebiotic evolution
I propose and discuss a fitness function for one-dimensional binary monomer sequences of macromolecules for prebiotic evolution. The fitness function is defined by the free energy of polymers in the high temperature random coil phase. With repulsive interactions among the same kind of monomers, the free energy in the high temperature limit becomes the energy function of the one-dimensional long range anti-ferromagnetic spin model, which is shown to have a dynamical phase transition and glassy states
Singular field response and singular screening of vacancies in antiferromagnets.
Wollny, Alexander; Andrade, Eric C; Vojta, Matthias
2012-10-26
For isolated vacancies in ordered local-moment antiferromagnets we show that the magnetic-field linear-response limit is generically singular: The magnetic moment associated with a vacancy in zero field is different from that in a finite field h in the limit h→0(+). The origin is a universal and singular screening cloud, which moreover leads to perfect screening as h→0(+) for magnets which display spin-flop bulk states in the weak-field limit. PMID:23215218
Cooperative Multiscale Aging in a Ferromagnet/Antiferromagnet Bilayer
Urazhdin, Sergei
2015-01-01
We utilize anisotropic magnetoresistance to study temporal evolution of the magnetization state in epitaxial Ni$_{80}$Fe$_{20}$/Fe$_{50}$Mn$_{50}$ ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayers. The resistance exhibits power-law evolution over a wide range of temperatures and magnetic fields, indicating that aging is characterized by a wide range of activation time scales. We show that aging is a cooperative process, i.e. the magnetic system is not a superposition of weakly interacting subsystems chara...
Fractional excitations in the square-lattice quantum antiferromagnet
Piazza, B. Dalla; Mourigal, M.; Christensen, Niels Bech;
2015-01-01
-projected trial wavefunctions. The excitation continuum is accounted for by the existence of spatially extended pairs of fractional S=1/2 quasiparticles, 2D analogues of 1D spinons. Away from the anomalous wavevector, these fractional excitations are bound and form conventional magnons. Our results establish the...... existence of fractional quasiparticles in the high-energy spectrum of a quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet, even in the absence of frustration....
Loeffler, J.; Wagner, W.; Svygenhoven, H. van [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland); Meier, J.; Doudin, B.; Ansermet, J.P. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale, Lausanne (Switzerland)
1997-09-01
The magnetic properties of nanostructured materials on the basis of Fe and Ni have been investigated with a SQUID magnetometer, complementary to the small-angle neutron scattering study reported in the same volume. Measurements of the coercive field in a temperature range from 5 to 300 K confirm the validity of the random anisotropy model for our nanostructured systems. Furthermore, we obtain information about the presence and distribution of the antiferromagnetic oxides, joining the ferromagnetic grains. (author) 2 figs., 3 refs.
Fermion Bound States Around Skyrmions in Doped Antiferromagnets
寇谡鹏
2003-01-01
We show the skyrmion effects in doped antiferromagnets for the uniform flux phase. The low-energy effective theory of the t′-J model can be mapped onto the massive quantum electrodynamics. There exist Fermion bound states around skyrmions. For each sublattice, there exist induced fractional fermion numbers around the skyrmions. The total induced fermion number is zero due to the "cancelling effect" between two sublattices with opposite charges.
Origin of asymmetric reversal modes in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic multilayers
Beckmann, B.; Nowak, U.; Usadel, K. D.
2004-01-01
Experimentally an asymmetry of the reversal modes has been found in certain exchange bias systems. From a numerical investigation of the domain state model evidence is gained that this effect depends on the angle between the easy axis of the antiferromagnet and the applied magnetic field. Depending on this angle the ferromagnet reverses either symmetrically, e. g. by a coherent rotation on both sides of the loop, or the reversal is asymmetric with a non uniform reversal mode for the ascending...
Coexistence of superconductivity, ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism in iron pnictides
Gill, Raminder
2016-05-01
Coexistence of Superconductivity and magnetism have always been the fascinating area of interest for condensed-matter physicists. A variety of systems, such as cuprates, heavy fermions, and iron pnictides showed superconductivity in a narrow region near the border to antiferromagnetism (AFM)as a function of pressure or doping. However, the coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism (FM) has seen in URhGe, UGe2, ErRh4B4 and many compounds. Here, we present a third situation where superconductivity coexists with FM and AFM. The recent experimental finding of interplay of ferromagnetism,antiferromagnetism and superconductivity in EuFe2(As1-xPx)2 impressed us to discuss this problem in detail. Ironpnictides are high Tc magnetic superconductors and could be very useful in finding many new superconductorswith high Tc probably near to room temperature. In this paper, we have theoretically calculated the superconducting order parameter of EuFe2(As1-xPx)2 where magnetic ordering is due to Eu+ moments and superconductivity is due to Fe3+ moments. The Eu ions order antiferromagnetically for x≤0.13, while a crossover is observed for x≥0.22 whereupon the Eu ions order ferromagnetically.
Neutron scattering studies of three one-dimensional antiferromagnets
Kenzelmann, M
2001-01-01
observed in the disordered phase of spin-1/2 chains. The magnetic order of the one-dimensional spin-1/2 XY antiferromagnet Cs sub 2 CoCl sub 4 was investigated using neutron diffraction. The magnetic structure has an ordering wave-vector (0, 0.5, 0.5) for T < 217 mK and the magnetic structure is a non-linear structure with the magnetic moments at a small angle to the b axis. Above a field of H = 2.1 T the magnetic order collapses in an apparent first order phase transition, suggesting a transition to a spin-liquid phase. Low-dimensional magnets with low-spin quantum numbers are ideal model systems for investigating strongly interacting macroscopic quantum ground states and their non-linear spin excitations. This thesis describes neutron scattering experiments of three one-dimensional low-spin antiferromagnets where strong quantum fluctuations lead to highly-correlated ground states and unconventional cooperative spin excitations. The excitation spectrum of the antiferromagnetic spin-1 Heisenberg chain CsNi...
Entanglement Perturbation Theory for Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Spin Chains
Wang, Lihua; Chung, Sung Gong
2012-11-01
A recently developed numerical method, entanglement perturbation theory (EPT), is used to study the antiferromagnetic Heisenberg spin chains with z-axis anisotropy λ and magnetic field B. To demonstrate its accuracy, we first apply EPT to the isotropic spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, and find that EPT successfully reproduces the exact Bethe ansatz results for the ground state energy, the local magnetization, and the spin correlation functions (Bethe ansatz result is available for the first seven lattice separations). In particular, EPT confirms for the first time the asymptotic behavior of the spin correlation functions predicted by the conformal field theory, which realizes only for lattice separations larger than 1000. Next, turning on the z-axis anisotropy and the magnetic field, the 2- and 4-spin correlation functions are calculated, and the results are compared with those obtained by bosonization and density matrix renormalization group methods. Finally, for the spin-1 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model, the ground state phase diagram in λ space is determined by Roomany--Wyld renormalization group (RG) finite size scaling. The results are in good agreement with those obtained by the level-spectroscopy method.
Antiferromagnetic correlations near the lower edge of superconducting dome in YBCO6+x
Neutron scattering from high-quality YBCO6.334 single crystals with a Tc of 8.4 K shows that there is no coexistence with long-range antiferromagnetic order at this very low, near-critical doping of ∼0.055, in contrast to claims based on local probe techniques. We find that the neutron resonance seen in optimally doped YBCO7 and underdoped YBCO6.5, has undergone large softening and damping. It appears that the overdamped resonance, with a relaxation rate of 2 meV, is coupled to a zero-energy central mode that grows with cooling and eventually saturates with no change at or below Tc. Although a similar qualitative behaviour is found for YBCO6.35, our study shows that the central mode is stronger in YBCO6.334 than YBCO6.35. The system remains subcritical with short-ranged three dimensional correlations
Antiferromagnetic coupling of TbPc2 molecules to ultrathin Ni and Co films
David Klar
2013-05-01
Full Text Available The magnetic and electronic properties of single-molecule magnets are studied by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. We study the magnetic coupling of ultrathin Co and Ni films that are epitaxially grown onto a Cu(100 substrate, to an in situ deposited submonolayer of TbPc2 molecules. Because of the element specificity of the X-ray absorption spectroscopy we are able to individually determine the field dependence of the magnetization of the Tb ions and the Ni or Co film. On both substrates the TbPc2 molecules couple antiferromagnetically to the ferromagnetic films, which is possibly due to a superexchange interaction via the phthalocyanine ligand that contacts the magnetic surface.
Magnetization of the canted antiferromagnetic CoCO 3 in Abragam-Pryce approximation
Meshcheryakov, V. F.
2006-05-01
Weiss molecular field theory was used to calculate the magnetization of the canted antiferromagnetic CoCO 3 ( T=18.1 K). Wave functions of magnetic doublets near Co 2+ ground state in Abragam-Pryce approximation were determined. One of the crystal field variables, free Co 2+ ion isotropic exchange interaction inside, and between magnetic sublatticies, and rotation angle ϕ, characterizing nonequivalence ion Co 2+ positions, were used as parameters. From comparison with the experimental data exchange interaction anisotropy and g-factors g, g were obtained. At low temperatures T<40 K the coincidence of calculated and experimental results are good and g-factor values are almost the same as have been obtained from EPR data in Co(1%)+CdCO single crystals. At high temperatures in the paramagnetic region, experimental data differs from calculated ones by more than two times. It is shown that this discrepancy cannot be described within the frames of used approximations.
Singh, David J [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Mandrus, David [ORNL; VanBebber, L. H. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Keppens, Veerle [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)
2009-01-01
We report single crystal synthesis, specific heat and resistivity measurements and electronic structure calculations for BaCr2As2. This material is a metal with itinerant antiferromagnetism, similar to the parent phases of Fe-based high temperature superconductors, but differs in magnetic order. Comparison of bare band structure density of states and the low temperature specific heat implies a mass renormalization of 2. BaCr2As2 shows stronger transition metal - pnictogen covalency than the Fe compounds, and in this respect is more similar to BaMn2As2. This provides an explanation for the observation that Ni and Co doping is effective in the Fe-based superconductors, but Cr or Mn doping is not.
Magnetization of the canted antiferromagnetic CoCO3 in Abragam-Pryce approximation
Weiss molecular field theory was used to calculate the magnetization of the canted antiferromagnetic CoCO3 (TN=18.1K). Wave functions of magnetic doublets near Co2+ ground state in Abragam-Pryce approximation were determined. One of the crystal field variables, free Co2+ ion isotropic exchange interaction inside, and between magnetic sublatticies, and rotation angle φ, characterizing nonequivalence ion Co2+ positions, were used as parameters. From comparison with the experimental data exchange interaction anisotropy and g-factors g-bar , g-bar were obtained. At low temperatures T2+(1%)+CdCO3 single crystals. At high temperatures in the paramagnetic region, experimental data differs from calculated ones by more than two times. It is shown that this discrepancy cannot be described within the frames of used approximations
Metallic magnets without inversion symmetry and antiferromagnetic quantum critical points
Fischer, I.A.
2006-07-01
This thesis focusses on two classes of systems that exhibit non-Fermi liquid behaviour in experiments: we investigated aspects of chiral ferromagnets and of antiferromagnetic metals close to a quantum critical point. In chiral ferromagnets, the absence of inversion symmetry makes spin-orbit coupling possible, which leads to a helical modulation of the ferromagnetically ordered state. We studied the motion of electrons in the magnetically ordered state of a metal without inversion symmetry by calculating their generic band-structure. We found that spin-orbit coupling, although weak, has a profound effect on the shape of the Fermi surface: On a large portion of the Fermi surface the electron motion parallel to the helix practically stops. Signatures of this effect can be expected to show up in measurements of the anomalous Hall effect. Recent neutron scattering experiments uncovered the existence of a peculiar kind of partial order in a region of the phase diagram adjacent to the ordered state of the chiral ferromagnet MnSi. Starting from the premise that this partially ordered state is a thermodynamically distinct phase, we investigated an extended Ginzburg-Landau theory for chiral ferromagnets. In a certain parameter regime of the Ginzburg-Landau theory we identified crystalline phases that are reminiscent of the so-called blue phases in liquid crystals. Many antiferromagnetic heavy-fermion systems can be tuned into a regime where they exhibit non-Fermi liquid exponents in the temperature dependence of thermodynamic quantities such as the specific heat capacity; this behaviour could be due to a quantum critical point. If the quantum critical behaviour is field-induced, the external field does not only suppress antiferromagnetism but also induces spin precession and thereby influences the dynamics of the order parameter. We investigated the quantum critical behavior of clean antiferromagnetic metals subject to a static, spatially uniform external magnetic field. We
S=1/2 Kagome antiferromagnets Cs$_2$Cu$_3MF$_{12}$ with M=Zr and Hf
Yamabe, Y.; Ono, T; Suto, T; Tanaka, H.
2006-01-01
Magnetization and specific heat measurements have been carried out on Cs$_2$Cu$_3$ZrF$_{12}$ and Cs$_2$Cu$_3$HfF$_{12}$ single crystals, in which Cu$^{2+}$ ions with spin-1/2 form a regular Kagom\\'{e} lattice. The antiferromagnetic exchange interaction between neighboring Cu$^{2+}$ spins is $J/k_{\\rm B}\\simeq 360$ K and 540 K for Cs$_2$Cu$_3$ZrF$_{12}$ and Cs$_2$Cu$_3$HfF$_{12}$, respectively. Structural phase transitions were observed at $T_{\\rm t}\\simeq 210$ K and 175 K for Cs$_2$Cu$_3$ZrF$...
The Magnetism of Li doped La$_{2}$CuO$_4$: the antiferromagnetic spin-shard state
Sushkov, O. P.; Neto, A. H. Castro
2005-01-01
We study the dynamics of a single hole in Li and Sr doped La$_{2}$CuO$_4$ and its extension to a finite hole concentration. We compare the physics of La$_{2-x}$Sr$_x$CuO$_4$ and La$_{2}$Cu$_{1-x}$Li$_x$O$_4$ and explain why these systems are remarkably different. We demonstrate that holes in La$_{2}$Cu$_{1-x}$Li$_x$O$_4$ are always localized and that there is a critical concentration, $x_c\\approx 0.03$, above which the holes break the global antiferromagnetic state into an array of weakly cou...
The phase-separated states in antiferromagnetic semiconductors with polarizable lattice
Nagaev, E. L.
2000-01-01
The possibility of the slab or stripe phase separation (alternating ferromagnetic highly- conductive and insulating antiferromagnetic layers) is proved for isotropic degenerate antiferromagnetic semiconductors. This type of phase separation competes with the droplet phase separation (ferromagnetic droplets in the antiferromagnetic host or vice versa). The interaction of electrons with optical phonons alone cannot cause phase-separated state with alternating highly-conductive and insulating re...
Sznajd sociophysics model on a triangular lattice: ferro and antiferromagnetic opinions
Chang, Iksoo
2001-01-01
The Sznajd sociophysics model is generalized on the triangular lattice with pure antiferromagnetic opinion and also with both ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic opinions. The slogan of the trade union "united we stand, divided we fall" can be realized via the propagation of ferromagnetic opinion of adjacent people in the union, but the propagation of antiferromagnetic opinion can be observed among the third countries between two big super powers or among the family members of conflicting par...
Microscopic theory of antiferromagnetic and double superconducting transitions in UPt3
The antiferromagnetic and double superconducting transitions in UPt3 are studied by using a high-degeneracy model. Within the model, superconductivity is stimulated by long-range antiferromagnetic order. Two scenarios of the temperature behaviour are possible for the close-packed hexagonal structure. In the first scenario the double superconducting transition follows an antiferromagnetic transition (TN1 > Tc1 > Tc2). In the second scenario the superconducting transition follows two consecutive antiferromagnetic transitions (TN1>TN2>Tc. For both scenarios the superconducting gap is anisotropic and vanishes along lines on the Fermi surface. The specific heat has the T2 behaviour in the superconducting state. (author)
Antiferromagnetic spin and twin domain walls govern hysteretic expressions of exchange anisotropy
Armstrong, Jason N.; Sullivan, Matthew R.; Chopra, Harsh Deep
2009-09-01
The present study shows that antiferromagnetic spin and twin domain walls govern the hysteretic expressions of exchange anisotropy at low and high fields, respectively, using annealed NiO single crystals and Co. In the presence of twin walls, spin walls are shown to be a geometrical necessity in the antiferromagnetic NiO. A threshold field (˜10000Oe) exists below which twin walls are frozen, and rotational hysteresis is dominated by losses due to spin walls. Above the threshold field, twin walls become mobile, resulting in a sharp increase in rotational hysteresis. Remarkably, rotational hysteresis associated with spin walls is similar to that of an ordinary ferromagnet—as the field strength increases, rotational hysteresis tends toward zero. However, unlike an ordinary ferromagnet where rotational hysteresis becomes zero above its saturation field, rotational hysteresis in antiferromagnet drops but then sharply increases once the threshold field for twin wall motion is exceeded. In crystals without spin walls, low-field rotational hysteresis is zero or negligible. Domain imaging of twin walls in antiferromagnet and Weiss walls in ferromagnet reveals a one-to-one spatial correlation even though twin walls are considered to have no net dipoles. This surprising result is explained by the fact that crystallographic interfaces in real crystals are not atomically sharp or ideal, and the defective interface invariably results in net moment across the finite width of the twin wall. The field dependence of domain walls in Co film exchange coupled to NiO shows global similarities to previously reported behavior of Co films deposited on nanocrystalline NiO [H. D. Chopra, D. X. Yang, P. J. Chen, H. J. Brown, L. J. Swartzendruber, and W. F. Egelhoff, Jr., Phys. Rev. B 61, 15312 (2000)]. In both cases, domain wall motion is not the dominant mode of magnetization reversal (wall motion is entirely absent in the present study while wall motion was only occasionally observed in
Unusual spin dynamics in the doped antiferromagnetic phase of YBa2(Cu0.98Zn0.02)3O6.39
Inelastic neutron scattering experiments have been carried out on a YBa2(Cu0.98Zn0.02)3O6.39 single crystal to investigate the spin-excitation spectrum in the hole-doped antiferromagnetic state. New excitations are found at low energy as a consequence of electron-hole interactions, whereas standard magnons are recovered at sufficiently high energy. (orig.)
Competing interactions in ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic perovskite superlattices
Takamura, Y.; Biegalski, M.B.; Christen, H.M.
2009-10-22
Soft x-ray magnetic dichroism, magnetization, and magnetotransport measurements demonstrate that the competition between different magnetic interactions (exchange coupling, electronic reconstruction, and long-range interactions) in La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}FeO{sub 3}(LSFO)/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3}(LSMO) perovskite oxide superlattices leads to unexpected functional properties. The antiferromagnetic order parameter in LSFO and ferromagnetic order parameter in LSMO show a dissimilar dependence on sublayer thickness and temperature, illustrating the high degree of tunability in these artificially layered materials.
Bootstrap equations and correlation functions for the Heisenberg XYZ antiferromagnet
Quano, Yas-Hiro
2002-01-01
Presented are two kinds of integral solutions to the quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations for the 2n-point correlation functions of the Heisenberg XYZ antiferromagnet. Our first integral solution can be obtained from those for the cyclic SOS model by using the vertex-face correspondence. By the construction, the sum with respect to the local height variables k_0, k_1, >..., k_{2n} of the cyclic SOS model remains other than n-fold integral in the first solution. In order to perform those s...
Antiferromagnetic Exchange Interactions from Hybrid Density Functional Theory
Martin, Richard L.; Illas, Francesc
1997-08-01
A hybrid theory which combines the full nonlocal ``exact'' exchange interaction with the local spin-density approximation of density-functional theory is shown to lead to marked improvement in the description of antiferromagnetically coupled systems. Semiquantitative agreement with experiment is found for the magnitude of the coupling constant in La2CuO4, KNiF3, and K2NiF4. The magnitude of the unpaired spin population on the metal site is in excellent agreement with experiment for La2CuO4.
Antiferromagnetic exchange interactions from hybrid density functional theory
Martin, Richard L.; Illas i Riera, Francesc
1997-01-01
A hybrid theory which combines the full nonlocal ¿exact¿ exchange interaction with the local spin-density approximation of density-functional theory is shown to lead to marked improvement in the description of antiferromagnetically coupled systems. Semiquantitative agreement with experiment is found for the magnitude of the coupling constant in La2CuO4, KNiF3, and K2NiF4. The magnitude of the unpaired spin population on the metal site is in excellent agreement with experiment for La2CuO4.
High-field spin dynamics of antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains
Enderle, M.; Regnault, L.P.; Broholm, C.;
2000-01-01
The characteristic internal order of macroscopic quantum ground states in one-dimensional spin systems is usually not directly accessible, but reflected in the spin dynamics and the field dependence of the magnetic excitations. In high magnetic fields quantum phase transitions are expected. We...... present recent work on the high-field spin dynamics of the S = I antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains NENP (Haldane ground state) and CsNiCl3 (quasi-1D HAF close to the quantum critical point), the uniform S = 1/2 chain CTS, and the spin-Peierls system CuGeO3. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights...
Phase Diagram of Antiferromagnetically Exchange-Coupled Bilayer
GUO Guang-Hua; ZHANG Guang-Fu; SUN Li-Yuan; Peter A. J. de Groot
2008-01-01
Magnetic hysteresis properties of antiferromagnetically exchange-coupled bilayer structures, in which the two magnetic layers have different magnetic parameters and thicknesses, are studied within the framework of the Stoner-Wohifarth model. Analytical expressions for the switching fields corresponding to the linear magnetic states are obtained. By adjusting the magnetic parameters or thicknesses of layers, nine different types of easyaxis hysteresis loops may exist. The phase diagram of easy-axis hysteresis loops is mapped in the k,1 and k,2 plane, where k,1 and k,2 are the ratios of magnetic anisotropy to the interlayer exchange coupling of the two magnetic layers, respectively.
Giant magnetocaloric effect in antiferromagnetic DyVO4 compound
Midya, A.; Khan, N.; Bhoi, D.; Mandal, P.
2014-09-01
We have investigated the magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of DyVO4 by magnetization and heat capacity measurements. χ(T) shows antiferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition at TNDy~3.5 K. The compound undergoes a metamagnetic transition and exhibits a huge entropy change. The maximum values of magnetic entropy change (ΔSM), adiabatic temperature change (ΔTad) and refrigerant capacity (RC) reach 26 J kg-1 K-1, 17 K, and 526 J kg-1, respectively for a field change of 0-8 T. Moreover, the material is highly insulating and exhibits no thermal and field hysteresis, satisfying the necessary conditions for a good magnetic refrigerant material.
Room-temperature antiferromagnetism in CuMnAs
Máca, František; Mašek, Jan; Stelmakhovych, O.; Martí, X.; Reichlová, Helena; Uhlířová, K.; Beran, Přemysl; Wadley, P.; Novák, Vít; Jungwirth, Tomáš
2012-01-01
Roč. 324, č. 8 (2012), s. 1606-1612. ISSN 0304-8853 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC510 EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 215368 - SemiSpinNet; European Commission(XE) 268066 - 0MSPIN Grant ostatní: AVČR(CZ) Praemium Academiae Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520; CEZ:AV0Z10100521; CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : antiferromagnetic semiconductors * spintronics * molecular beam epitaxy Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 1.826, year: 2012
Antiferromagnetism and anisotropic high temperature superconductivity - a further macroscopic study
The macroscopic studies of the possible coexistence of antiferromagnetism with anisotropic high temperature superconductivity are reviewed. A modified Ginzburg-Landau energy functional is presented. The temperature condition for such coexistence is estimated in terms of the GL coefficients for the uniform SC and AF. The derived equations with the appropriate boundary conditions are used to study the vortex structure and evaluate the first and second critical fields in the new materials. Applications and comparison with the available data are also presented. (author). 31 refs
Antiferromagnetic phase transition and spin correlations in NiO
Chatterji, Tapan; McIntyre, G.J.; Lindgård, Per-Anker
2009-01-01
We have investigated the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transition and spin correlations in NiO by high-temperature neutron diffraction below and above TN. We show that AF phase transition is a continuous second-order transition within our experimental resolution. The spin correlations manifested by...... process. We determined the critical exponents =0.328±0.002 and =0.64±0.03 and the Néel temperature TN=530±1 K. These critical exponents suggest that NiO should be regarded as a 3dXY system...
Antiferromagnetic topological superconductor and electrically controllable Majorana fermions.
Ezawa, Motohiko
2015-02-01
We investigate the realization of a topological superconductor in a generic bucked honeycomb system equipped with four types of mass-generating terms, where the superconductor gap is introduced by attaching the honeycomb system to an s-wave superconductor. Constructing the topological phase diagram, we show that Majorana modes are formed in the phase boundary. In particular, we analyze the honeycomb system with antiferromagnetic order in the presence of perpendicular electric field E(z). It becomes topological for |E(z)|>E(z)(cr) and trivial for |E(z)|scanning tunneling microscope probe. PMID:25699460
Yang-Lee Circle Theorem for an Antiferromagnetic Heisenberg Ladder
王先智
2001-01-01
The Yang-Lee zeros of an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg ladder model are determined. It is found that if J4≤0 Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and on the negative real axis in the complex activity plane. In particular, if J4≤0 and 2J2≥J4, Yang-Lee zeros are located on the unit circle and the Yang-Lee circle theorem is valid. If J4 ＞ 0, Yang-Lee zeros are located on some complicated curves.
Ferromagnetism at the interfaces of antiferromagnetic FeRh epilayers.
Fan, Raymond; Kinane, Christy J.; Charlton, Timothy M; De Vries, Mark; Dorner, P; Ali, Mannan; Brydson, Richard M D; Marrows, Chrisopher H; Hickey, Bryan J.; Arena, Dario A.; Tanner, Bryan K; Nisbet, Gareth; Langridge, Sean
2010-01-01
The nanoscale magnetic structure of FeRh epilayers has been studied by polarized neutron reflectometry. Epitaxial films with a nominal thickness of 500 angstrom were grown on MgO (001) substrates via molecular-beam epitaxy and capped with 20 angstrom of MgO. The FeRh films show a clear transition from the antiferromagnetic (AF) state to the ferromagnetic (FM) state with increasing temperature. Surprisingly the films possess a FM moment even at a temperature 80 K below the AF-FM transition tem...
Antiferromagnetic Exchange Interactions from Hybrid Density Functional Theory
A hybrid theory which combines the full nonlocal open-quotes exactclose quotes exchange interaction with the local spin-density approximation of density-functional theory is shown to lead to marked improvement in the description of antiferromagnetically coupled systems. Semiquantitative agreement with experiment is found for the magnitude of the coupling constant in La2CuO 4 , KNiF3 , and K2NiF 4 . The magnitude of the unpaired spin population on the metal site is in excellent agreement with experiment for La2CuO 4 . copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
1D antiferromagnetism in spin‐alternating bimetallic chains
Coronado Miralles, Eugenio; Sapiña Navarro, Fernando; Drillon, M.; De Jongh, L.J.
1990-01-01
The magnetic and thermal properties of the ordered bimetallic chain CoNi(EDTA)⋅6H2O in the very low‐temperature range are reported. The magnetic behavior does not exhibit the characteristic features of 1D ferrimagnets, but a continuous decrease of χmT towards zero at absolute zero. This 1D antiferromagnetic behavior results from an accidental compensation between the moments located at the two sublattices. This behavior, as well as the specific‐heat results, are modeled on the basis of an Isi...
A transverse Ising bilayer film with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration
Kaneyoshi, T.
2015-10-01
The phase diagrams and temperature dependences of magnetizations in a transverse Ising bilayer film with an antiferromagnetic spin configuration are studied by the uses of the effective-field theory (EFT) with correlations, in order to clarify whether the appearance of a compensation point is possible below the transition temperature in the system. From these investigations, we have found a lot of characteristic phenomena in these properties, when the value of an interlayer coupling takes a large value, such as the reentrant phenomenon free from the disorder-induced frustration and the novel types of magnetization curve with a compensation point.
Angle-dependent loop shifts in antiferromagnetic nanoparticles
Mao, Zhongquan; Zhan, Xiaozhi; Chen, Xi
2016-08-01
Experimentally hysteresis loop shifts have been widely observed in antiferromagnetic (AF) nanoparticles. Here numerical investigations show that this effect is dependent on the angle between the easy axis of the AF spins and the applied magnetic field in uncompensated nanoparticles. In contrast, the loop shifts disappear in compensated nanoparticles. The results suggest that the uncompensated spins and field directions are essential ingredients to generate loop shifts in AF nanoparticle systems. The present study hints at a possible way to optimize the magnetic performance of AF nanostructures.
High-field spin dynamics of antiferromagnetic quantum spin chains
Enderle, M.; Regnault, L.P.; Broholm, C.; Reich, D.; Zaliznyak, I.; Sieling, M.; Rønnow, H.M.; McMorrow, D.F.
The characteristic internal order of macroscopic quantum ground states in one-dimensional spin systems is usually not directly accessible, but reflected in the spin dynamics and the field dependence of the magnetic excitations. In high magnetic fields quantum phase transitions are expected. We...... present recent work on the high-field spin dynamics of the S = I antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chains NENP (Haldane ground state) and CsNiCl3 (quasi-1D HAF close to the quantum critical point), the uniform S = 1/2 chain CTS, and the spin-Peierls system CuGeO3. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights...
Non-Hermitian Quantum Annealing in the Antiferromagnetic Ising Chain
Nesterov, Alexander I; Zepeda, Juan C Beas; Bishop, Alan R
2013-01-01
A non-Hermitian quantum optimization algorithm is created and used to find the ground state of an antiferromagnetic Ising chain. We demonstrate analytically and numerically (for up to N=1024 spins) that our approach leads to a significant reduction of the annealing time that is proportional to $\\ln N$, which is much less than the time (proportional to $N^2$) required for the quantum annealing based on the corresponding Hermitian algorithm. We propose to use this approach to achieve similar speed-up for NP-complete problems by using classical computers in combination with quantum algorithms.
Physical properties of antiferromagnetic Mn doped ZnO samples: Role of impurity phase
Structural, morphological, optical, and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Zn1−xMnxO samples (x=0.01, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10) prepared by the sol–gel route are studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–visible absorption spectroscopy, Superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (PALS). XRD confirms formation of wurzite structure in all the Mn-substituted samples. A systematic increase in lattice constants and decrease in grain size have been observed with increase in manganese doping concentration up to 6 at% in the ZnO structure. An impurity phase (ZnMnO3) has been detected when percentage of Mn concentration is 6 at% or higher. The optical band gap of the Mn-substituted ZnO samples decrease with increase in doping concentration of manganese whereas the width of the localized states increases. The antiferromagnetic exchange interaction is strong in the samples for 2 and 4 at% of Mn doping but it reduces when the doping level increases from 6 at% and further. Positron life time components τ1 and τ2 are found to decrease when concentration of the dopant exceeds 6 at%. The changes in magnetic properties as well as positron annihilation parameters at higher manganese concentration have been assigned as due to the formation of impurity phase. - highlights: • Single phase structure has been observed up to 6 at% of Mn doping. • Impurity phase has been developed above 6 at% of Mn doping. • Antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic interactions are present in the samples. • Defect parameters show sharp fall as Mn concentration above 6 at%. • The magnetic and defect properties are modified by the formation of impurity phase
We report an inelastic neutron scattering study of coherent magnetic excitations in powder and single-crystal samples of the model kagome antiferromagnet potassium iron jarosite, KFe3(OH)6(SO4)2. Initial measurements on a natural single crystal using a triple-axis spectrometer revealed a mode with a zone-centre gap of 7 meV that showed little dispersion within the kagome layers, as well as some indication of a mode with a zone-boundary energy of approximately 20 meV. However, the high background from hydrogen in the sample made it very difficult to search for other excitations. In the absence of suitable deuterated crystals, measurements were performed on deuterated powders using time-of-flight neutron spectrometers over a range of temperatures that include TN ∼ 64 K. This confirmed the flat 7 meV mode as well as dispersive modes that reached to higher energies. The origin of these modes is discussed in relation to the most likely Hamiltonian for the magnetic degrees of freedom in this material, and estimates are made of the strength of the nearest-neighbour exchange, J1, and contributions from a Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction or single-ion anisotropy arising from a crystal field
Quantum Phase Transitions of Antiferromagnets and the Cuprate Superconductors
Sachdev, Subir
I begin with a proposed global phase diagram of the cuprate superconductors as a function of carrier concentration, magnetic field, and temperature, and highlight its connection to numerous recent experiments. The phase diagram is then used as a point of departure for a pedagogical review of various quantum phases and phase transitions of insulators, superconductors, and metals. The bond operator method is used to describe the transition of dimerized antiferromagnetic insulators between magnetically ordered states and spin-gap states. The Schwinger boson method is applied to frustrated square lattice antiferromagnets: phase diagrams containing collinear and spirally ordered magnetic states, Z_2 spin liquids, and valence bond solids are presented, and described by an effective gauge theory of spinons. Insights from these theories of insulators are then applied to a variety of symmetry breaking transitions in d-wave superconductors. The latter systems also contain fermionic quasiparticles with a massless Dirac spectrum, and their influence on the order parameter fluctuations and quantum criticality is carefully discussed. I conclude with an introduction to strong coupling problems associated with symmetry breaking transitions in two-dimensional metals, where the order parameter fluctuations couple to a gapless line of fermionic excitations along the Fermi surface.
Dynamical current-induced ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic resonances
Guimarães, F. S. M.; Lounis, S.; Costa, A. T.; Muniz, R. B.
2015-12-01
We demonstrate that ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic excitations can be triggered by the dynamical spin accumulations induced by the bulk and surface contributions of the spin Hall effect. Due to the spin-orbit interaction, a time-dependent spin density is generated by an oscillatory electric field applied parallel to the atomic planes of Fe/W(110) multilayers. For symmetric trilayers of Fe/W/Fe in which the Fe layers are ferromagnetically coupled, we demonstrate that only the collective out-of-phase precession mode is excited, while the uniform (in-phase) mode remains silent. When they are antiferromagnetically coupled, the oscillatory electric field sets the Fe magnetizations into elliptical precession motions with opposite angular velocities. The manipulation of different collective spin-wave dynamical modes through the engineering of the multilayers and their thicknesses may be used to develop ultrafast spintronics devices. Our work provides a general framework that probes the realistic responses of materials in the time or frequency domain.
Raman scattering in a two-layer antiferromagnet
Morr, Dirk K.; Chubukov, Andrey V.; Kampf, Arno P.; Blumberg, G.
1996-08-01
Two-magnon Raman scattering is a useful tool to verify recent suggestions concerning the value of the interplanar exchange constant in antiferromagnetic two-layer systems, such as YBa2Cu3O6+x. We present a theory for Raman scattering in a two-layer antiferromagnet. We study the spectra for the electronic and magnetic excitations across the charge transfer gap within the one-band Hubbard model and derive the matrix elements for the Raman scattering cross section in a diagrammatic formalism. We analyze the effect of the interlayer exchange coupling J2 for the Raman spectra in A1g and B1g scattering geometries both in the nonresonant regime (when the Loudon-Fleury model is valid) and at resonance. We show that within the Loudon-Fleury approximation, a nonzero J2 gives rise to a finite signal in A1g scattering geometry. Both in this approximation and at resonance the intensity in the A1g channel has a peak at small transferred frequency equal to twice the gap in the spin-wave spectrum. We compare our results with experiments in YBa2Cu3O6.1 and Sr2CuO2Cl2 compounds and argue that the large value of J2 suggested in a number of recent studies is incompatible with Raman experiments in A1g geometry.
Antiferromagnetism and metal-insulator transition in high temperature superconductors
The ground state of the three band Hubbard Hamiltonian for the CuO2 planes of high temperature superconductors is investigated using local ansatz approach which includes local correlations between holes. For sufficiently large Coulomb interaction, U, or charge transfer energy, Δ, one finds a transition from a nonmagnetic metal to an antiferromagnetic (AF) insulator. If the parameters determined by the local density approximation are used, the ground state is a charge-transfer antiferromagnet, with the magnetic moments of m=0.47μΒ and 0.56μΒ, for La2CuO4 and YBa2Cu3O6, respectively. Correlations and the presence of interoxygen hopping reduce drastically the stability of the AF long-range order which disappears at the doping of either 0.06 hole or 0.08 electron, respectively. The effective mass is enhanced by a factor less than two due to correlations. (author). 27 refs.; 5 figs
Theory of the spin Seebeck effect in antiferromagnets
Rezende, S. M.; Rodríguez-Suárez, R. L.; Azevedo, A.
2016-01-01
The spin Seebeck effect (SSE) consists in the generation of a spin current by a temperature gradient applied in a magnetic film. The SSE is usually detected by an electric voltage generated in a metallic layer in contact with the magnetic film resulting from the conversion of the spin current into charge current by means of the inverse spin Hall effect. The SSE has been widely studied in bilayers made of the insulating ferrimagnet yttrium iron garnet (YIG) and metals with large spin-orbit coupling such as platinum. Recently the SSE has been observed in bilayers made of the antiferromagnet Mn F2 and Pt, revealing dependences of the SSE voltage on temperature and field very different from the ones observed in YIG/Pt. Here we present a theory for the SSE in structures with an antiferromagnetic insulator (AFI) in contact with a normal metal (NM) that relies on the bulk magnon spin current created by the temperature gradient across the thickness of the AFI/NM bilayer. The theory explains quite well the measured dependences of the SSE voltage on the sample temperature and on the applied magnetic field in Mn F2/Pt .
Electrical control of antiferromagnetic metal up to 15 nm
Zhang, PengXiang; Yin, GuFan; Wang, YuYan; Cui, Bin; Pan, Feng; Song, Cheng
2016-08-01
Manipulation of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spins by electrical means is on great demand to develop the AFM spintronics with low power consumption. Here we report a reversible electrical control of antiferromagnetic moments of FeMn up to 15 nm, using an ionic liquid to exert a substantial electric-field effect. The manipulation is demonstrated by the modulation of exchange spring in [Co/Pt]/FeMn system, where AFM moments in FeMn pin the magnetization rotation of Co/Pt. By carrier injection or extraction, the magnetic anisotropy of the top layer in FeMn is modulated to influence the whole exchange spring and then passes its influence to the [Co/Pt]/FeMn interface, through a distance up to the length of exchange spring that fully screens electric field. Comparing FeMn to IrMn, despite the opposite dependence of exchange bias on gate voltages, the same correlation between carrier density and exchange spring stiffness is demonstrated. Besides the fundamental significance of modulating the spin structures in metallic AFM via all-electrical fashion, the present finding would advance the development of low-power-consumption AFM spintronics.
Correlations in the Ising antiferromagnet on the anisotropic kagome lattice
We study the correlation function of middle spins, i.e. of spins on intermediate sites between two adjacent parallel lattice axes, of the spatially anisotropic Ising antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice. It is given rigorously by a Toeplitz determinant. The large-distance behaviour of this correlation function is obtained by analytic methods. For shorter distances we evaluate the Toeplitz determinant numerically. The correlation function is found to vanish exactly on a line Jd(T) in the T − J (temperature versus coupling constant) phase diagram. This disorder line divides the phase diagram into two regions. For J d(T) the correlations display the features of an unfrustrated two-dimensional Ising magnet, whereas for J > Jd(T) the correlations between the middle spins are seen to be strongly influenced by the short-range antiferromagnetic order that prevails among the spins of the adjacent lattice axes. While for J d(T) there is a region with ferrimagnetic long-range order, the model remains disordered for J > Jd(T) down to T = 0