Analytical solutions to general anti-plane shear problems in finite elasticity
Gao, David Yang
2016-03-01
This paper presents a pure complementary energy variational method for solving a general anti-plane shear problem in finite elasticity. Based on the canonical duality-triality theory developed by the author, the nonlinear/nonconvex partial differential equations for the large deformation problem are converted into an algebraic equation in dual space, which can, in principle, be solved to obtain a complete set of stress solutions. Therefore, a general analytical solution form of the deformation is obtained subjected to a compatibility condition. Applications are illustrated by examples with both convex and nonconvex stored strain energies governed by quadratic-exponential and power-law material models, respectively. Results show that the nonconvex variational problem could have multiple solutions at each material point, the complementary gap function and the triality theory can be used to identify both global and local extremal solutions, while the popular convexity conditions (including rank-one condition) provide mainly local minimal criteria and the Legendre-Hadamard condition (i.e., the so-called strong ellipticity condition) does not guarantee uniqueness of solutions. This paper demonstrates again that the pure complementary energy principle and the triality theory play important roles in finite deformation theory and nonconvex analysis.
Anti-plane (SH) waves diffraction by an underground semi-circular cavity: analytical solution
Luo Hao; Vincent W. Lee; Liang Jianwen
2010-01-01
Diffraction of a two-dimensional (2D) semi-circular cavity in a half-space under incident SH-waves is studied using the classic wave function expansion method with a new de-coupling technique. This so-called "improved cosine half-range expansion" algorithm exhibits an excellent performance in reducing displacement residual errors at two rim points of concern. The governing equations are developed in a manner that minimizes the residues of the boundary conditions. Detailed derivation and analysis procedures as well as truncation of infinite linear governing equations are presented. The semi-circular cavity model presented in this paper, due to its simple profile, is expected to be used in seismic wave propagation studies as a benchmark for examining the accuracies of various analytical or numerical methods for mixed-boundary wave propagation problems.
Paris-Mandoki, Asaf
2012-01-01
Taking advantage of the known analytic expression of the eigenfunctions and eigenenergies of the Morse Hamiltonian, explicit expressions are found for the scattering length $a$ and the effective range $r_e$ which determine the s-wave scattering of ultracold atoms. The effects on $a$ and $r_e$ of considering the radial coordinate in the interval $[0,\\infty)$ or in the extended region $(-\\infty, \\infty)$ are studied in detail.
Debonding of an elastic inhomogeneity of arbitrary shape in anti-plane shear
Wang, Xu; Yang, Moxuan; Schiavone, Peter
2016-08-01
We investigate the anti-plane shear problem of a curvilinear crack lying along the interface of an arbitrarily shaped elastic inhomogeneity embedded in an infinite matrix subjected to uniform stresses at infinity. Complex variable and conformal mapping techniques are used to derive an analytical solution in series form. The problem is first reduced to a non-homogeneous Riemann-Hilbert problem, the solution of which can be obtained by evaluating the associated Cauchy integral. A set of linear algebraic equations is obtained from the compatibility condition imposed on the resulting analytic function defined in the inhomogeneity and its Faber series expansion. Each of the unknown coefficients in the corresponding analytic functions can then be uniquely determined by solving the linear algebraic equations, which are written concisely in matrix form. The resulting analytical solution is then used to quantify the displacement jump across the debonded section of the interface as well as the traction distribution along the bonded section of the interface. In addition, our solution allows us to obtain mode-III stress intensity factors at the two crack tips. The solution to the anti-plane problem of a partially debonded elliptical inhomogeneity containing a confocal crack is also derived using a similar method.
Rock fracture under anti-plane shear (Mode Ⅲ) loading
RAO Qiu-hua; LIAO Zhen-feng
2005-01-01
Anti-plane punch-through shear test and anti-planefour-point bending test are used to study the crack initiation and propagation under anti-plane shear (Mode Ⅲ) loading. The tensile and shear stresses at the crack tip are calculated by finite element method. The results show that under Mode Ⅲ loading the maximum principal stress σ1 at crack tip is smaller or a little larger than the maximum shear stress τmax. Since the tensile strength of brittle rock is much lower than its shear strength, σ1 is easy to reach its critical value before τmax reaches its critical value and thus results in Mode I fracture. The fracture trajectory is helicoid and the normal direction of tangential plane with the fractured helicoid is along the predicted direction of the maximum principal stress at the notch tip. It is further proved that Mode Ⅰ instead of Mode Ⅲ fracture occurs in brittle rock under Mode Ⅲ loading. The fracture mode depending on the fracture mechanism must be distinguished from the loading form.
DYNAMIC ANTI-PLANE PROBLEMS OF PIEZOCERAMICS AND APPLICATIONS IN ULTRASONICS——A REVIEW
Jiashi Yang; Ji Wang
2008-01-01
We review theoretical results on anti-plane motions of polarized ceramics based on the linear theory of piezoelectricity.Solutions to dynamic problems of the propagation of bulk acoustic waves (BAW) and surface acoustic waves (SAW),vibrations of finite bodies,and applications to various piezoelectric devices including piezoelectric waveguides,resonators,mass sensors,fluid sensors,actuators,nondestructive evaluation,power harvesters (generators),transformers,and power transmission through an elastic wall by acoustic waves are discussed.Complications due to material inhomogeneity,initial stress,electromagnetic coupling,electric field gradient and semiconduction are also discussed. The paper cites 82 references.
Anti-plane transverse waves propagation in nanoscale periodic layered piezoelectric structures.
Chen, A-Li; Yan, Dong-Jia; Wang, Yue-Sheng; Zhang, Chuanzeng
2016-02-01
In this paper, anti-plane transverse wave propagation in nanoscale periodic layered piezoelectric structures is studied. The localization factor is introduced to characterize the wave propagation behavior. The transfer matrix method based on the nonlocal piezoelectricity continuum theory is used to calculate the localization factor. Additionally, the stiffness matrix method is applied to compute the wave transmission spectra. A cut-off frequency is found, beyond which the elastic waves cannot propagate through the periodic structure. The size effect or the influence of the ratio of the internal to external characteristic lengths on the cut-off frequency and the wave propagation behavior are investigated and discussed. PMID:26518526
Dahl, Jens Peder; Varro, S.; Wolf, A.;
2007-01-01
We derive explicit expressions for the Wigner function of wave functions in D dimensions which depend on the hyperradius-that is, of s waves. They are based either on the position or the momentum representation of the s wave. The corresponding Wigner function depends on three variables......: the absolute value of the D-dimensional position and momentum vectors and the angle between them. We illustrate these expressions by calculating and discussing the Wigner functions of an elementary s wave and the energy eigenfunction of a free particle....
Three-dimensional effects on cracked components under anti-plane loading
F. Berto
2015-07-01
Full Text Available The existence of three-dimensional effects at cracks has been known for many years, but understanding has been limited, and for some situations still is. Understanding improved when the existence of corner point singularities and their implications became known. Increasingly powerful computers made it possible to investigate three-dimensional effects numerically in detail. Despite increased understanding, threedimensional effects are sometimes ignored in situations where they may be important. The purpose of the present investigation is to study by means of accurate 3D finite element (FE models a coupled fracture mode generated by anti-plane loading of a straight through-the-thickness crack in linear elastic plates. An extended version of the present work has recently been published in the literature. The results obtained from the highly accurate finite element analyses have improved understanding of the behaviour of through cracked components under anti-plane loading. The influence of plate bending is increasingly important as the thickness decreases. It appears that a new field parameter, probably a singularity, is needed to describe the stresses at the free surfaces. Discussion on whether KIII tends to zero or infinity as a corner point is approached is futile because KIII is meaningless at a corner point. The intensity of the local stress and strain state through the thickness of the cracked components has been evaluated by using the strain energy density (SED averaged over a control volume embracing the crack tip. The SED has been considered as a parameter able to control fracture in some previous contributions and can easily take into account also coupled three-dimensional effects. Calculation of the SED shows that the position of the maximum SED is independent of plate thickness. Both for thin plates and for thick ones the maximum SED is close to the lateral surface, where the maximum intensity of the coupled mode II takes place.
SUN Yu-guo; WU Lin-zhi
2005-01-01
The dynamic behavior of two collinear cracks in magneto-electro-elastic composites under harmonic anti-plane shear waves is studied using the Schmidt method for the permeable crack surface conditions. By using the Fourier transform, the problem can be solved with a set of triple integral equations in which the unknown variable is the jump of the displacements across the crack surfaces. In solving the triple integral equations, the jump of the displacements across the crack surface is expanded in a series of Jacobi polynomials. It can be obtained that the stress field is independent of the electric field and the magnetic flux.
Sun Yuguo; Zhou Zhengong
2005-01-01
In this paper, the behavior of two collinear cracks in magneto-electro-elastic composite material under anti-plane shear stress loading is studied by the Schmidt method for permeable electric boundary conditions. By using the Fourier transform, the problem can be solved with a set of triple integral equations in which the unknown variable is the jump of displacements across the crack surfaces. In solving the triple integral equations, the unknown variable is expanded in a series of Jacobi polynomials. Numerical solutions are obtained. It is shown that the stress field is independent of the electric field and the magnetic flux.
Existence of solutions for the anti-plane stress for a new class of “strain-limiting” elastic bodies
Bulíček, Miroslav
2015-04-21
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. The main purpose of this study is to establish the existence of a weak solution to the anti-plane stress problem on V-notch domains for a class of recently proposed new models that could describe elastic materials in which the stress can increase unboundedly while the strain yet remains small. We shall also investigate the qualitative properties of the solution that is established. Although the equations governing the deformation that are being considered share certain similarities with the minimal surface problem, the boundary conditions and the presence of an additional model parameter that appears in the equation and its specific range makes the problem, as well as the result, different from those associated with the minimal surface problem.
Analysis of bonded anisotropic wedges with interface crack under anti-plane shear loading
M.GHADIRI; A.R.SHAHANI
2014-01-01
The antiplane stress analysis of two anisotropic finite wedges with arbitrary radii and apex angles that are bonded together along a common edge is investigated. The wedge radial boundaries can be subjected to displacement-displacement boundary condi-tions, and the circular boundary of the wedge is free from any traction. The new finite complex transforms are employed to solve the problem. These finite complex transforms have complex analogies to both kinds of standard finite Mellin transforms. The traction free condition on the crack faces is expressed as a singular integral equation by using the exact analytical method. The explicit terms for the strength of singularity are extracted, showing the dependence of the order of the stress singularity on the wedge angle, material constants, and boundary conditions. A numerical method is used for solving the resul-tant singular integral equations. The displacement boundary condition may be a general term of the Taylor series expansion for the displacement prescribed on the radial edge of the wedge. Thus, the analysis of every kind of displacement boundary conditions can be obtained by the achieved results from the foregoing general displacement boundary condition. The obtained stress intensity factors (SIFs) at the crack tips are plotted and compared with those obtained by the finite element analysis (FEA).
Yang Xiaomeng; Hu Yuantai; Yang Jiashi
2005-01-01
We study electromechanical fields in the anti-plane deformation of an infinite medium of piezoelectric materials of 6 mm symmetry with a circular cylindrical hole. The theory of electroelastic dielectrics with electric field gradient in the constitutive relations is used. Special attention is paid to the fields near the surface of the hole.
Shin, Jeong Woo [Korea Aerospace Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Young Shin [Chungnam National University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
2011-10-15
The dynamic propagation of an interface crack between two functionally graded material (FGM) layers under anti-plane shear is analyzed using the integral transform method. The properties of the FGM layers vary continuously along their thicknesses. The properties of the two FGM layers vary and the two layers are connected weak-discontinuously. A constant velocity Yoffe-type moving crack is considered. The Fourier transform is used to reduce the problem to a dual integral equation, which is then expressed to a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. Numerical values on the dynamic energy release rate (DERR) are presented for the FGM to show the effect of the gradient of material properties, crack moving velocity, and thickness of FGM layers. The following are helpful to increase resistance to interface crack propagation in FGMs: a) increasing the gradient of material properties, b) an increase of shear modulus and density from the interface to the upper and lower free surface, and c) increasing the thickness of the FGM layer. The DERR increases or decreases with increase of the crack moving velocity.
The dynamic propagation of an interface crack between two functionally graded material (FGM) layers under anti-plane shear is analyzed using the integral transform method. The properties of the FGM layers vary continuously along their thicknesses. The properties of the two FGM layers vary and the two layers are connected weak-discontinuously. A constant velocity Yoffe-type moving crack is considered. The Fourier transform is used to reduce the problem to a dual integral equation, which is then expressed to a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind. Numerical values on the dynamic energy release rate (DERR) are presented for the FGM to show the effect of the gradient of material properties, crack moving velocity, and thickness of FGM layers. The following are helpful to increase resistance to interface crack propagation in FGMs: a) increasing the gradient of material properties, b) an increase of shear modulus and density from the interface to the upper and lower free surface, and c) increasing the thickness of the FGM layer. The DERR increases or decreases with increase of the crack moving velocity
Dai, Ming; Schiavone, Peter; Gao, Cun-Fa
2016-06-01
We re-examine the conclusion established earlier in the literature that in the presence of a homogeneously imperfect interface, the circular inhomogeneity is the only shape of inhomogeneity which can achieve a uniform internal strain field in an isotropic or anisotropic material subjected to anti-plane shear. We show that under certain conditions, it is indeed possible to design such non-circular inhomogeneities despite the limitation of a homogeneously imperfect interface. Our method proceeds by prescribing a uniform strain field inside a non-circular inhomogeneity via perturbations of the uniform strain field inside the analogous circular inhomogeneity and then subsequently identifying the corresponding (non-circular) shape via the use of a conformal mapping whose unknown coefficients are determined from a system of nonlinear equations. We illustrate our results with several examples. We note also that, for a given size of inhomogeneity, the minimum value of the interface parameter required to guarantee the desired uniform internal strain increases as the elastic constants of the inclusion approach those of the matrix. Finally, we discuss in detail the relationship between the curvature of the interface and the displacement jump across the interface in the design of such inhomogeneities.
Zheng, Hui; Zhang, Chuanzeng; Wang, Yuesheng; Sladek, Jan; Sladek, Vladimir
2016-01-01
In this paper, a meshfree or meshless local radial basis function (RBF) collocation method is proposed to calculate the band structures of two-dimensional (2D) anti-plane transverse elastic waves in phononic crystals. Three new techniques are developed for calculating the normal derivative of the field quantity required by the treatment of the boundary conditions, which improve the stability of the local RBF collocation method significantly. The general form of the local RBF collocation method for a unit-cell with periodic boundary conditions is proposed, where the continuity conditions on the interface between the matrix and the scatterer are taken into account. The band structures or dispersion relations can be obtained by solving the eigenvalue problem and sweeping the boundary of the irreducible first Brillouin zone. The proposed local RBF collocation method is verified by using the corresponding results obtained with the finite element method. For different acoustic impedance ratios, various scatterer shapes, scatterer arrangements (lattice forms) and material properties, numerical examples are presented and discussed to show the performance and the efficiency of the developed local RBF collocation method compared to the FEM for computing the band structures of 2D phononic crystals.
Volumetric Strain Associated with S-waves
Robiou Du Pont, Y.; Geballe, Z.; Rudolph, M.; Dreger, D. S.; Wang, C.
2009-12-01
In a recent study we showed that some groundwater-level oscillations in Taiwan following the 2008 Mw7.9 Wenchuan earthquake in Sichuan, China, occurred with the arrival of S-waves. Such finding is surprising because S-waves are not normally considered to associate with volumetric strain. In this study we examine the hypothesis that part of the S-wave energy is converted to P-waves at the boundary between layers of different elastic properties, such as that between the sedimentary basin and its basement, and the P-waves so generated may cause volumetric strain. Since the field data for testing the hypothesis is lacking, we use simulated seismic waves in western Taiwan in response to the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Two models are used in the test: a 5-layered model with the top 2 km consisting of very low velocity and density material to represent a sedimentary basin and a 4-layered model without the sedimentary layer. The simulated seismograms for the 5-layered model show striking similarity with the documented seismograms and show two distinct differences from the 4-layered model in the 60-s window starting with the first S-wave arrival: First, at a period of ~3 s, Rayleigh waves and corresponding volumetric strains occur in the 5-layered model, which are clearly due to the presence of the sedimentary layer but are not the focus of this study. Second, at a period of ~10 s, the radial displacement amplitude in the 5-layered model increases by a factor of 2 and the volumetric strain amplitude increased by a factor of 5 over the respective amplitudes in the 4-layered model, suggesting S-to-P conversion at the sediment-basement boundary. Thus S-to-P conversion may be a viable mechanism for the association of volumetric strain with S-waves.
Rajagopal, K. R.
2011-01-06
This paper is the first part of an extended program to develop a theory of fracture in the context of strain-limiting theories of elasticity. This program exploits a novel approach to modeling the mechanical response of elastic, that is non-dissipative, materials through implicit constitutive relations. The particular class of models studied here can also be viewed as arising from an explicit theory in which the displacement gradient is specified to be a nonlinear function of stress. This modeling construct generalizes the classical Cauchy and Green theories of elasticity which are included as special cases. It was conjectured that special forms of these implicit theories that limit strains to physically realistic maximum levels even for arbitrarily large stresses would be ideal for modeling fracture by offering a modeling paradigm that avoids the crack-tip strain singularities characteristic of classical fracture theories. The simplest fracture setting in which to explore this conjecture is anti-plane shear. It is demonstrated herein that for a specific choice of strain-limiting elasticity theory, crack-tip strains do indeed remain bounded. Moreover, the theory predicts a bounded stress field in the neighborhood of a crack-tip and a cusp-shaped opening displacement. The results confirm the conjecture that use of a strain limiting explicit theory in which the displacement gradient is given as a function of stress for modeling the bulk constitutive behavior obviates the necessity of introducing ad hoc modeling constructs such as crack-tip cohesive or process zones in order to correct the unphysical stress and strain singularities predicted by classical linear elastic fracture mechanics. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Structure of near-threshold s-wave resonances.
Hyodo, Tetsuo
2013-09-27
We study the structure of two-body s-wave bound states as well as resonances in the threshold energy region. We focus on the single-channel scattering where the scattering length and the effective range are given by real numbers. It is shown that, in the energy region where the effective range expansion is valid, the properties of resonances are constrained only by the position of the pole. We find that the compositeness defined through the analytic continuation of the field renormalization constant is purely imaginary and normalized for resonances. We discuss the interpretation of this quantity by examining the structure of the hadron resonance Λc(2595) in the πΣc scattering. We show that the Λc(2595) resonance requires an unnaturally large effective range and hence it is not likely a πΣc molecule. PMID:24116769
Holographic s-wave condensate with nonlinear electrodynamics: A nontrivial boundary value problem
Banerjee, Rabin; Gangopadhyay, Sunandan; Roychowdhury, Dibakar; Lala, Arindam
2013-05-01
In this paper, considering the probe limit, we analytically study the onset of holographic s-wave condensate in the planar Schwarzschild-AdS background. Inspired by various low-energy features of string theory, in the present work we replace the conventional Maxwell action with a (nonlinear) Born-Infeld action which essentially corresponds to the higher-derivative corrections of the gauge fields. Based on a variational method which is commonly known as the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem and considering a nontrivial asymptotic solution for the scalar field, we compute the critical temperature for the s-wave condensation. The results thus obtained analytically agree well with the numerical findings [J. Jing and S. Chen, Phys. Lett. B 686, 68 (2010)]. As a next step, we extend our perturbative technique to compute the order parameter for the condensation. Interestingly, our analytic results are found to be of the same order as the numerical values obtained earlier.
周振功; 杜善义; 王彪
2003-01-01
In this paper, the non-local theory of elasticity is applied to obtain the behavior of a Griffith crack in the piezoelectric materials under anti-plane shear loading for permeable crack surface conditions. By means of the Fourier transform, the problem can be solved with the help of a pair of dual integral equations with the unknown variable being the jump of the displacement across the crack surfaces. These equations are solved by the Schmidt method. Numerical examples are provided.Unlike the classical elasticity solutions, it is found that no stress and electric displacement singularity is present at the crack tip. The non-local elastic solutions yield a finite hoop stress at the crack tip,thus allowing for a fracture criterion based on the maximum stress hypothesis. The finite hoop stress at the crack tip depends on the crack length and the lattice parameter of the materials, respectively.
Cornell Potential Parameters for S-wave Heavy Quarkonia
Chung, Hee Sok; Kang, Daekyoung
2008-01-01
We compute derived quantities for various values of the model parameter of the Cornell potential model for the S-wave heavy quarkonia with radial quantum numbers n=1, 2, and 3. Our results can be used to determine leading and relative-order-v^2 nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics matrix elements for S-wave charmonia and bottomonia such as psi(2S), eta_c(2S), and Upsilon(nS) for n=1, 2, and 3. These matrix elements will be essential ingredients for resumming relativistic corrections to processes involving those S-wave heavy quarkonium states.
Fault zone characterization using P- and S-waves
Wawerzinek, Britta; Buness, Hermann; Polom, Ulrich; Tanner, David C.; Thomas, Rüdiger
2014-05-01
Although deep fault zones have high potential for geothermal energy extraction, their real usability depends on complex lithological and tectonic factors. Therefore a detailed fault zone exploration using P- and S-wave reflection seismic data is required. P- and S-wave reflection seismic surveys were carried out along and across the eastern border of the Leinetal Graben in Lower Saxony, Germany, to analyse the structural setting, different reflection characteristics and possible anisotropic effects. In both directions the P-wave reflection seismic measurements show a detailed and complex structure. This structure was developed during several tectonic phases and comprises both steeply- and shallowly-dipping faults. In a profile perpendicular to the graben, a strong P-wave reflector is interpreted as shallowly west-dipping fault that is traceable from the surface down to 500 m depth. It is also detectable along the graben. In contrast, the S-waves show different reflection characteristics: There is no indication of the strong P-wave reflector in the S-wave reflection seismic measurements - neither across nor along the graben. Only diffuse S-wave reflections are observable in this region. Due to the higher resolution of S-waves in the near-surface area it is possible to map structures which cannot be detected in P-wave reflection seismic, e.g the thinning of the uppermost Jurassic layer towards the south. In the next step a petrophysical analysis will be conducted by using seismic FD modelling to a) determine the cause (lithological, structural, or a combination of both) of the different reflection characteristics of P- and S-waves, b) characterize the fault zone, as well as c) analyse the influence of different fault zone properties on the seismic wave field. This work is part of the gebo collaborative research programme which is funded by the 'Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kultur' and Baker Hughes.
JU Guo-Xing; XIANG Yang; REN Zhong-Zhou
2006-01-01
The properties of the s-wave for a quasi-free particle with position-dependent mass (PDM) have been discussed in details. Differed from the system with constant mass in which the localization of the s-wave for the free quantum particle around the origin only occurs in two dimensions, the quasi-free particle with PDM can experience attractive forces in D dimensions except D=1 when its mass function satisfies some conditions. The effective mass of a particle varying with its position can induce effective interaction, which may be attractive in some cases. The analytical expressions of the eigenfunctions and the corresponding probability densities for the s-waves of the two- and three-dimensional systems with a special PDM are given, and the existences of localization around the origin for these systems are shown.
2007-01-01
In this paper, the dynamic stress field near crack tips in the functionally graded materials subjected to the harmonic anti-plane shear stress waves was investi- gated by means of the non-local theory. The traditional concepts of the non-local theory were extended to solve the fracture problem of functionally graded materials. To make the analysis tractable, it was assumed that the material properties vary exponentially with coordinate parallel to the crack. By use of the Fourier transform, the problem can be solved with the help of a pair of dual integral equations, in which the unknown variable was the displacement on the crack surfaces. To solve the dual integral equations, the displacement on the crack surfaces was expanded in a series of Jacobi polynomials. Unlike the classical elasticity solutions, it is found that no stress singularities are present at crack tips. The non-local elastic solutions yield a finite hoop stress at crack tips, thus allowing us to use the maximum stress as a fracture criterion. The magnitude of the finite dynamic stress field depends on the crack length, the parameter describing the functionally graded materials, the circular frequency of the incident waves and the lattice parameter of materials.
ZHANG PeiWei; ZHOU ZhenGong; WU LinZhi
2007-01-01
In this paper, the dynamic stress field near crack tips in the functionally graded materials subjected to the harmonic anti-plane shear stress waves was investigated by means of the non-local theory. The traditional concepts of the non-local theory were extended to solve the fracture problem of functionally graded materials.To make the analysis tractable, it was assumed that the material properties vary exponentially with coordinate parallel to the crack. By use of the Fourier transform,the problem can be solved with the help of a pair of dual integral equations, in which the unknown variable was the displacement on the crack surfaces. To solve the dual integral equations, the displacement on the crack surfaces was expanded in a series of Jacobi polynomials. Unlike the classical elasticity solutions, it is found that no stress singularities are present at crack tips. The non-local elastic solutions yield a finite hoop stress at crack tips, thus allowing us to use the maximum stress as a fracture criterion. The magnitude of the finite dynamic stress field depends on the crack length, the parameter describing the functionally graded materials, the circular frequency of the incident waves and the lattice parameter of materials.
Coupled channel effects in pion pion S-wave interaction
Wu, F. Q.; Zou, B. S.
2004-01-01
We study coupled channel effects upon isospin I=2 and I=0 $\\pi\\pi$ S-wave interaction. With introduction of the $\\pi\\pi\\to\\rho\\rho\\to\\pi\\pi$ coupled channel box diagram contribution into $\\pi\\pi$ amplitude in addition to $\\rho$ and $f_2 (1270)$ exchange, we reproduce the $\\pi \\pi$ I=2 S-wave and D-wave scattering phase shifts and inelasticities up to 2 GeV quite well in a K-matrix formalism. For I=0 case, the same $\\pi\\pi\\to\\rho\\rho\\to\\pi\\pi$ box diagram is found to give the largest contribut...
Statistical analysis of s-wave neutron reduced widths
The fluctuations of the s-wave neutron reduced widths for many nuclei have been analyzed with emphasis on recent measurements by a statistical procedure which is based on the method of maximum likelihood. It is shown that the s-wave neutron reduced widths of nuclei follow single channel Porter Thomas distribution (x2-distribution with degree of freedom ν = 1) for most of the cases. However there are apparent deviations from ν = 1 and possible explanation and significance of this deviation is given. These considerations are likely to modify the evaluation of neutron cross section. (author)
Chromomagnetism, flavour symmetry breaking and S-wave tetraquarks
Buccella, F. [Napoli Federico II Univ. (Italy). Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche; INFN, Napoli (Italy); Hoegaasen, H. [University of Oslo, Department of Physics (Norway); Richard, J.M. [Universite Joseph Fourier-IN2P3-CNRS 53, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et Cosmologie, Grenoble (France); Sorba, P. [Laboratoire d' Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique Theorique (LAPTH) (France)
2007-02-15
The chromomagnetic interaction, with full account for flavour-symmetry breaking, is applied to S-wave configurations containing two quarks and two antiquarks. Phenomenological implications are discussed for light, charmed, charmed and strange, hidden-charm and double-charm mesons, and extended to their analogues with beauty. (orig.)
Chromomagnetism, flavour symmetry breaking and S-wave tetraquarks
The chromomagnetic interaction, with full account for flavour-symmetry breaking, is applied to S-wave configurations containing two quarks and two antiquarks. Phenomenological implications are discussed for light, charmed, charmed and strange, hidden-charm and double-charm mesons, and extended to their analogues with beauty. (orig.)
Chromomagnetism, flavour symmetry breaking and S-wave tetraquarks
Buccella, F.; Høgaasen, H.; Richard, J.-M.; Sorba, P.
2007-02-01
The chromomagnetic interaction, with full account for flavour-symmetry breaking, is applied to S-wave configurations containing two quarks and two antiquarks. Phenomenological implications are discussed for light, charmed, charmed and strange, hidden-charm and double-charm mesons, and extended to their analogues with beauty.
Chromomagnetism, flavour symmetry breaking and S-wave tetraquarks
Buccella, F; Richard, J M; Sorba, Paul; Buccella, Franco; Hogaasen, Hallstein; Richard, Jean-Marc; Sorba, Paul
2007-01-01
The chromomagnetic interaction, with full account for flavour-symmetry breaking, is applied to S-wave configurations containing two quarks and two antiquarks. Phenomenological implications are discussed for light, charmed, charmed and strange, hidden-charm and double-charm mesons, and extended to their analogues with beauty.
Chromomagnetism, flavour symmetry breaking and S-wave tetraquarks
Buccella, Franco; Hogaasen, Hallstein; Richard, Jean-Marc; Sorba, Paul
2006-01-01
The chromomagnetic interaction, with full account for flavour-symmetry breaking, is applied to S-wave configurations containing two quarks and two antiquarks. Phenomenological implications are discussed for light, charmed, charmed and strange, hidden-charm and double-charm mesons, and extended to their analogues with beauty.
Exotic s-wave superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerides.
Nomura, Yusuke; Sakai, Shiro; Capone, Massimo; Arita, Ryotaro
2016-04-20
Alkali-doped fullerides (A3C60 with A = K, Rb, Cs) show a surprising phase diagram, in which a high transition-temperature (Tc) s-wave superconducting state emerges next to a Mott insulating phase as a function of the lattice spacing. This is in contrast with the common belief that Mott physics and phonon-driven s-wave superconductivity are incompatible, raising a fundamental question on the mechanism of the high-Tc superconductivity. This article reviews recent ab initio calculations, which have succeeded in reproducing comprehensively the experimental phase diagram with high accuracy and elucidated an unusual cooperation between the electron-phonon coupling and the electron-electron interactions leading to Mott localization to realize an unconventional s-wave superconductivity in the alkali-doped fullerides. A driving force behind the exotic physics is unusual intramolecular interactions, characterized by the coexistence of a strongly repulsive Coulomb interaction and a small effectively negative exchange interaction. This is realized by a subtle energy balance between the coupling with the Jahn-Teller phonons and Hund's coupling within the C60 molecule. The unusual form of the interaction leads to a formation of pairs of up- and down-spin electrons on the molecules, which enables the s-wave pairing. The emergent superconductivity crucially relies on the presence of the Jahn-Teller phonons, but surprisingly benefits from the strong correlations because the correlations suppress the kinetic energy of the electrons and help the formation of the electron pairs, in agreement with previous model calculations. This confirms that the alkali-doped fullerides are a new type of unconventional superconductors, where the unusual synergy between the phonons and Coulomb interactions drives the high-Tc superconductivity. PMID:26974650
Exotic s-wave superconductivity in alkali-doped fullerides
Nomura, Yusuke; Sakai, Shiro; Capone, Massimo; Arita, Ryotaro
2016-04-01
Alkali-doped fullerides ({{A}3}{{\\text{C}}60} with A = K, Rb, Cs) show a surprising phase diagram, in which a high transition-temperature ({{T}\\text{c}} ) s-wave superconducting state emerges next to a Mott insulating phase as a function of the lattice spacing. This is in contrast with the common belief that Mott physics and phonon-driven s-wave superconductivity are incompatible, raising a fundamental question on the mechanism of the high-{{T}\\text{c}} superconductivity. This article reviews recent ab initio calculations, which have succeeded in reproducing comprehensively the experimental phase diagram with high accuracy and elucidated an unusual cooperation between the electron-phonon coupling and the electron-electron interactions leading to Mott localization to realize an unconventional s-wave superconductivity in the alkali-doped fullerides. A driving force behind the exotic physics is unusual intramolecular interactions, characterized by the coexistence of a strongly repulsive Coulomb interaction and a small effectively negative exchange interaction. This is realized by a subtle energy balance between the coupling with the Jahn-Teller phonons and Hund’s coupling within the {{\\text{C}}60} molecule. The unusual form of the interaction leads to a formation of pairs of up- and down-spin electrons on the molecules, which enables the s-wave pairing. The emergent superconductivity crucially relies on the presence of the Jahn-Teller phonons, but surprisingly benefits from the strong correlations because the correlations suppress the kinetic energy of the electrons and help the formation of the electron pairs, in agreement with previous model calculations. This confirms that the alkali-doped fullerides are a new type of unconventional superconductors, where the unusual synergy between the phonons and Coulomb interactions drives the high-{{T}\\text{c}} superconductivity.
Quartet S-wave p-d scattering in EFT
Rupak, Gautam; Kong, Xin-wei
2001-01-01
We present a power counting to include Coulomb effects in the three-nucleon system in a low-energy pionless effective field theory (EFT). With this power counting, the quartet S-wave proton-deuteron elastic scattering amplitude is calculated. The calculation includes next-to-leading order (NLO) Coulomb effects and next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) strong interaction effects, with an estimated theoretical error of about 7 %. The EFT results agree with potential model calculations and phase ...
Hybrid configuration content of heavy S-wave mesons
Burch, T; Burch, Tommy; Toussaint, Doug
2003-01-01
We use the non-relativistic expansion of QCD (NRQCD) on the lattice to study the lowest hybrid configuration contribution to the ground state of heavy S-wave mesons. Using lowest-order lattice NRQCD to create the heavy-quark propagators, we form a basis of ``unperturbed'' S-wave and hybrid states. We then apply the lowest-order coupling of the quark spin and chromomagnetic field at an intermediate time slice to create ``mixed'' correlators between the S-wave and hybrid states. From the resulting amplitudes, we extract the off-diagonal element of our two-state Hamiltonian. Diagonalizing this Hamiltonian gives us the admixture of hybrid configuration within the meson ground state. The present effort represents a continuation of previous work: the analysis has been extended to include lattices of varying spacings, source operators having better overlap with the ground states, and the pseudoscalar (along with the vector) channel. Results are presented for bottomonium ($\\Upsilon$, $\\eta_b^{}$) using three differen...
Quark fragmentation into spin-triplet $S$-wave quarkonium
Bodwin, Geoffrey T; Kim, U-Rae; Lee, Jungil
2014-01-01
We compute fragmentation functions for a quark to fragment to a quarkonium through an $S$-wave spin-triplet heavy quark-antiquark pair. We consider both color-singlet and color-octet heavy quark-antiquark ($Q\\bar Q$) pairs. We give results for the case in which the fragmenting quark and the quark that is a constituent of the quarkonium have different flavors and for the case in which these quarks have the same flavors. Our results for the sum over all spin polarizations of the $Q\\bar Q$ pairs confirm previous results. Our results for longitudinally polarized $Q\\bar Q$ pairs are new.
Quartet S-wave p-d scattering in EFT
We present a power counting to include Coulomb effects in the three-nucleon system in a low-energy pionless effective field theory (EFT). With this power counting, the quartet S-wave proton-deuteron elastic scattering amplitude is calculated. The calculation includes next-to-leading order (NLO) Coulomb effects and next-to-next-to-leading order (N2LO) strong interaction effects, with an estimated theoretical error of ∼7%. The EFT results agree with potential model calculations and phase shift analysis of experimental data within the estimated errors
S-Wave Collisional Frequency Shift of a Fermion Clock
Hazlett, Eric L; Stites, Ronald W; Gibble, Kurt; O'Hara, Kenneth M
2012-01-01
We report an s-wave collisional frequency shift of an atomic clock based on fermions. In contrast to bosons, the fermion clock shift is insensitive to the population difference of the clock states, set by the first pulse area in Ramsey spectroscopy, \\theta_1. The fermion shift instead depends strongly on the second pulse area \\theta_2. It allows the shift to be canceled, nominally at \\theta_2 = \\pi/2, but correlations shift the null to slightly larger \\theta_2. The shift applies to optical lattice clocks and increases with the spatial inhomogeneity of the clock excitation field, naturally large at optical frequencies.
Characteristics of S-wave Envelope Broadening in the Changbaishan Tianchi Volcano
Fan Xiaoping; Li Qinghe; He Haibing; Yang Congjie; Jin Shumei
2010-01-01
High-frequency S-wave seismogram envelopes of microearthquakes broaden with increasing travel distance,a phenomenon known as S-wave envelope broadening.Multiple forward scattering and diffraction for the random inhomogeneities along the seismic ray path are the main causes of S-wave envelope broadening,so the phenomenon of S-wave envelope broadening is used to study the inhomogeneity of the medium.The peak delay time of an S-wave,which is defined as the time lag from the direct S-wave onset to the maximum amplitude arrival of its envelope.is accepted to quantify S-wave envelope broadening.204 small earthquake records in Changbaishan Tianchi volcano were analyzed by the S-wave envelope broadening algorithm.The results show that S-wave envelope broadening in the Changbaishan Tianchi volcano is obvious,and that the peak delay time of S-wave has a positive correlation with the hypocenter distance and frequency of the Swave.The relationships between the S-wave peak delay time and the hypocenter distance for different frequency bands were obtained using the statistics method.The results are beneficial to the understanding of the S-wave envelope broadening phenomena and the quantitative research on the inhomogeneities of the crust medium in the Changbaishan Tianchi volcano region.
Attenuation of S wave in the crust of Ordos massif
LIU Hong-gui; CHUO Yong-qing; CHEN Shu-qing; JIN Chun-hua
2005-01-01
We presented attenuation characteristics of S waves in the crust of Ordos massif. Using 487 pieces of digital oscillograms of 19 seismic events recorded by 32 seismologic stations located on Ordos massif and its surroundings, we have calculated the parameter of three-segment geometric attenuation and give the relation of inelastic attenuation Q value with frequency in the crust of Ordos massif, site responses of 32 stations, and source parameters of 19 events by the genetic algorithm. The results indicate that Q value (at 1 Hz) of S-wave in the crust of Ordos massif is much larger than that in the geologically active tectonic region. The site responses of the 32 stations in the high-frequency section do not show clear amplification effect except one or two stations, while in the low-frequency section, there is difference among the stations. The logarithmic value of seismic moment and the magnitude ML of 19 seismic events has a very good linear relationship.
Determination of the s-wave Scattering Length of Chromium
Schmidt, P O; Werner, J; Griesmaier, A; Görlitz, A; Pfau, T; Simoni, A
2003-01-01
We have measured the deca-triplet s-wave scattering length of the bosonic chromium isotopes $^{52}$Cr and $^{50}$Cr. From the time constants for cross-dimensional thermalization in atomic samples we have determined the magnitudes $|a(^{52}Cr)|=(170 \\pm 39)a_0$ and $|a(^{50}Cr)|=(40 \\pm 15)a_0$, where $a_0=0.053nm$. By measuring the rethermalization rate of $^{52}$Cr over a wide temperature range and comparing the temperature dependence with the effective-range theory and single-channel calculations, we have obtained strong evidence that the sign of $a(^{52}Cr)$ is positive. Rescaling our $^{52}$Cr model potential to $^{50}$Cr strongly suggests that $a(^{50}Cr)$ is positive, too.
Determination of the s-wave scattering length of chromium
We have measured the deca-triplet s-wave scattering length of the bosonic chromium isotopes Cr52 and Cr50. From the time constants for cross-dimensional thermalization in ultracold atomic samples, we have determined the magnitudes |a(Cr52)|=(170±39)a0 and |a(Cr50)|=(40±15)a0, where a0=0.053 nm. By measuring the rethermalization rate of Cr52 over a wide temperature range and comparing the temperature dependence with the effective-range theory and numerical single-channel calculations, we have obtained strong evidence that the sign of a(Cr52) is positive. Rescaling our Cr52 model potential to Cr50 strongly suggests that a(Cr50) is positive also
Logarithmic AdS waves and Zwei-Dreibein gravity
We show that the parameter space of Zwei-Dreibein Gravity (ZDG) in AdS3 exhibits critical points, where massive graviton modes coincide with pure gauge modes and new ‘logarithmic’ modes appear, similar to what happens in New Massive Gravity. The existence of critical points is shown both at the linearized level, as well as by finding AdS wave solutions of the full non-linear theory, that behave as logarithmic modes towards the AdS boundary. In order to find these solutions explicitly, we give a reformulation of ZDG in terms of a single Dreibein, that involves an infinite number of derivatives. At the critical points, ZDG can be conjectured to be dual to a logarithmic conformal field theory with zero central charges, characterized by new anomalies whose conjectured values are calculated
P- and S-wave delays caused by thermal plumes
Maguire, Ross; Ritsema, Jeroen; van Keken, Peter E.; Fichtner, Andreas; Goes, Saskia
2016-08-01
Many studies have sought to seismically image plumes rising from the deep mantle in order to settle the debate about their presence and role in mantle dynamics, yet the predicted seismic signature of realistic plumes remains poorly understood. By combining numerical simulations of flow, mineral-physics constraints on the relationships between thermal anomalies and wave speeds, and spectral-element method based computations of seismograms, we estimate the delay times of teleseismic S and P waves caused by thermal plumes. Wave front healing is incomplete for seismic periods ranging from 10 s (relevant in traveltime tomography) to 40 s (relevant in waveform tomography). We estimate P-wave delays to be immeasurably small (20 s), measurements of instantaneous phase misfit may be more useful in resolving narrow plume conduits. To detect S-wave delays of 0.4-0.8 s and the diagnostic frequency dependence imparted by plumes, it is key to minimize the influence of the heterogeneous crust and upper mantle. We argue that seismic imaging of plumes will advance significantly if data from wide-aperture ocean-bottom networks were available since, compared to continents, the oceanic crust and upper mantle are relatively simple.
P and S wave delays caused by thermal plumes
Maguire, Ross; Ritsema, Jeroen; van Keken, Peter E.; Fichtner, Andreas; Goes, Saskia
2016-05-01
Many studies have sought to seismically image plumes rising from the deep mantle in order to settle the debate about their presence and role in mantle dynamics, yet the predicted seismic signature of realistic plumes remains poorly understood. By combining numerical simulations of flow, mineral-physics constraints on the relationships between thermal anomalies and wave speeds, and spectral-element method based computations of seismograms, we estimate the delay times of teleseismic S and P waves caused by thermal plumes. Wavefront healing is incomplete for seismic periods ranging from 10 s (relevant in traveltime tomography) to 40 s (relevant in waveform tomography). We estimate P wave delays to be immeasurably small ( 20 s), measurements of instantaneous phase misfit may be more useful in resolving narrow plume conduits. To detect S wave delays of 0.4-0.8 s and the diagnostic frequency dependence imparted by plumes, it is key to minimize the influence of the heterogeneous crust and upper mantle. We argue that seismic imaging of plumes will advance significantly if data from wide-aperture ocean-bottom networks were available since, compared to continents, the oceanic crust and upper mantle is relatively simple.
Neutron capture in s-wave resonances of nickel-64
The neutron capture widths of the s-wave resonances at 13.9 and 33.8 keV in 64Ni have been determined using a setup with extremely low neutron sensitivity completely different from all previous experiments on this isotope. This feature is important because these resonances exhibit a very large scattering-to-capture ratio. A pulsed 3-MV Van de Graaff accelerator and a kinematically collimated neutron beam, produced via the 7Li(p,n) reaction, was used in the experiments. Capture gamma rays were observed by three Moxon-Rae detectors with a graphite, a bismuth-graphite, and a bismuth converter, respectively. The samples were positioned at a neutron flight path of only 6 to 8 cm. Thus, events due to capture of resonance-scattered neutrons in the detectors or in surrounding materials are completely discriminated by their additional time of flight. The short flight path and the high neutron flux at the sample position allowed for a signal-to-background ratio of approximately unity even for the broad resonance at 33.8 keV. The data obtained with the individual detectors were corrected for the efficiency of the different converter materials. For that purpose, detailed theoretical calculations of the capture gamma-ray spectra of the measured isotope and of gold, which was used as a standard, were performed. The final radiative widths are GAMMAγ (13.9 keV) = 1.01 + or - 0.07 eV and GAMMAγ (33.8 keV) = 1.16 + or - 0.08 eV, considerably smaller than the rough estimates obtained in previous work
S-wave velocity structure in the SE Tibetan plateau
Cai, Yan; Wu, Jianping; Wang, Weilai; Fang, Lihua; Fan, Liping
2016-05-01
We use observations recorded by 23 permanent and 99 temporary stations in the SE Tibetan plateau to obtain the S-wave velocity structure along two profiles by applying joint inversion with receiver functions and surface waves. The two profiles cross West Yunnan block (WYB), the Central Yunnan sub-block (CYB), South China block (SCB), and Nanpanjiang basin (NPB). The profile at ~25°N shows that the Moho interface in the CYB is deeper than those in the WYB and the NPB, and the topography and Moho depth have clear correspondence. Beneath the Xiaojiang fault zone (XJF), there exists a crustal low-velocity zone (LVZ), crossing the XJF and expanding eastward into the SCB. The NPB is shown to be of relatively high velocity. We speculate that the eastward extrusion of the Tibetan plateau may pass through the XJF and affect its eastern region, and is resisted by the rigid NPB, which has high velocity. This may be the main cause of the crustal thickening and uplift of the topography. In the Tengchong volcanic area, the crust is shown to have alternate high- and low-velocity layers, and the upper mantle is shown to be of low velocity. We consider that the magma which exists in the crust is from the upper mantle and that the complex crustal velocity structure is related to magmatic differentiation. Between the Tengchong volcanic area and the XJF, the crustal velocity is relatively high. Combining these observations with other geophysical evidence, it is indicated that rock strength is high and deformation is weak in this area, which is why the level of seismicity is quite low. The profile at ~23°N shows that the variation of the Moho depth is small from the eastern rigid block to the western active block with a wide range of LVZs. We consider that deformation to the south of the SE Tibetan Plateau is weak.
Neutron capture in s-wave resonances of 64Ni
The neutron capture widths of the s-wave resonances at 13.9 and 33.8 keV in 64Ni have been determined using a setup with extremely low neutron sensitivity completely different from all previous experiments on this isotope. This feature is important because these resonances exhibit a very large scattering to capture ratio. A pulsed 3-MV Van de Graaff accelerator and a kinematically collimated neutron beam, produced via the 7Li (p, n) reaction, was used in the experiments. Capture gamma-rays were observed by three Moxon-Rae detectors with graphite-, bismuth-graphite-, and bismuth-converter, respectively. The samples were positioned at a neutron flight path of only 6-8 cm. Thus events due to capture of resonance scattered neutrons in the detectors or in surrounding materials are completely discriminated by their additional time of flight. The short flight path and the high neutron flux at the sample position allowed for a signal to background ratio of approx.= 1 even for the broad resonance at 33.8 keV. The data obtained with the individual detectors were corrected for the efficiency of the different converter materials. For that purpose, detailed theoretical calculations of the capture gamma-ray spectra of the measured isotope and of gold, which was used as a standard, were performed. The final radiative widths are GAMMAsub(γ)(13.9 keV) = 1.01 +- 0.07 eV and GAMMAsub(γ) (33.8 keV) = 1.16 +- 0.08 eV, considerably smaller than the rough estimates obtained in previous work. (orig.)
S-wave velocity structure in the SE Tibetan plateau
Cai, Yan; Wu, Jianping; Wang, Weilai; Fang, Lihua; Fan, Liping
2016-06-01
We use observations recorded by 23 permanent and 99 temporary stations in the SE Tibetan plateau to obtain the S-wave velocity structure along two profiles by applying joint inversion with receiver functions and surface waves. The two profiles cross West Yunnan block (WYB), the Central Yunnan sub-block (CYB), South China block (SCB), and Nanpanjiang basin (NPB). The profile at ~25°N shows that the Moho interface in the CYB is deeper than those in the WYB and the NPB, and the topography and Moho depth have clear correspondence. Beneath the Xiaojiang fault zone (XJF), there exists a crustal low-velocity zone (LVZ), crossing the XJF and expanding eastward into the SCB. The NPB is shown to be of relatively high velocity. We speculate that the eastward extrusion of the Tibetan plateau may pass through the XJF and affect its eastern region, and is resisted by the rigid NPB, which has high velocity. This may be the main cause of the crustal thickening and uplift of the topography. In the Tengchong volcanic area, the crust is shown to have alternate high- and low-velocity layers, and the upper mantle is shown to be of low velocity. We consider that the magma which exists in the crust is from the upper mantle and that the complex crustal velocity structure is related to magmatic differentiation. Between the Tengchong volcanic area and the XJF, the crustal velocity is relatively high. Combining these observations with other geophysical evidence, it is indicated that rock strength is high and deformation is weak in this area, which is why the level of seismicity is quite low. The profile at ~23°N shows that the variation of the Moho depth is small from the eastern rigid block to the western active block with a wide range of LVZs. We consider that deformation to the south of the SE Tibetan Plateau is weak.
Empirical mode decomposition: a new tool for S-wave detection
Oonincx, P.J.
2002-01-01
Seismic signals consist of several typically short energy bursts, waves, exhibiting several patterns in terms of dominant frequency, amplitude and polarisation. Amongst others, a significant wave is the S-wave. To detect such S-waves one can use conventional techniques that are based on physical dif
A nonlocal potential form for s-wave α-α scattering
Low energy s-wave α-α phase shifts that agree well with the measured set, have been extracted using a nonlocal interaction formed by folding (local real) nucleon -α particle interactions with density matrix elements of the (projectile) α particle. The resultant nonlocal s-wave α-α interaction is energy dependent and has a nonlocality range of about 2 fm
Majorana modes in a topological insulator/s-wave superconductor heterostructure
Li, Zheng-Zao; Zhang, Fu-Chun; Wang, Qiang-Hua
2014-01-01
In a recent experiment, signatures of Majorana fermion (MF) were found in the vortex core threading a heterostructure composed of n layers of topological insulator (TI) deposited on a bulk s-wave superconductor. Here we provide strong theoretical support to the experiment. First, we demonstrate that MF modes appear on both top and bottom layers of TI, and are well separated for n ~ 6. The top MF becomes more extended with increasing n, in agrement with the experiment. Second, we show both analytically and numerically that right at the vortex core the MF mode is always accompanied by another low energy bound state, leading to a zero-bias peak plus a side peak in the local density of states (LDOS) therein. However, a local scalar impurity at the core can wipe out the accompanying side-peak state while leaving the zero-energy MF mode intact. Consequently the LDOS becomes symmetric about the fermi level, and the peak does not branch near the vortex core, in agreement with the experiment. Finally but unfortunately, while the MF is extremely stable against a single local impurity, the stability in terms of the critical impurity strength is reduced drastically for a moderate concentration (e.g., 10%) of impurities. PMID:25219507
Development of S-wave portable vibrator; S ha potable vibrator shingen no kaihatsu
Kaida, Y.; Matsubara, Y. [OYO Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Nijhof, V.; Brouwer, J.
1996-05-01
An S-wave portable vibrator to serve as a seismic source has been developed for the purpose of applying the shallow-layer reflection method to the study of the soil ground. The author, et al., who previously developed a P-wave portable vibrator has now developed an S-wave version, considering the advantage of the S-wave over the P-wave in that, for example, the S-wave velocity may be directly compared with the N-value representing ground strength and that the S-wave travels more slowly than the P-wave through sticky soil promising a higher-resolution exploration. The experimentally constructed S-wave vibrator consists of a conventional P-wave vibrator and an L-type wooden base plate combined therewith. Serving as the monitor for vibration is a conventional accelerometer without any modification. The applicability test was carried out at a location where a plank hammering test was once conducted for reflection aided exploration, and the result was compared with that of the plank hammering test. As the result, it was found that after some preliminary treatment the results of the two tests were roughly the same but that both reflected waves were a little sharper in the S-wave vibrator test than in the plank hammering test. 4 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.
The K- pi+ S-wave from the D+ --> K- pi+ pi+ Decay
Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /CINVESTAV, IPN /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U. /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook National U. /Milan U.
2009-05-01
Using data from FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a model independent partial-wave analysis of the K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} S-wave amplitude from the decay D{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}. The S-wave is a generic complex function to be determined directly from the data fit. The P- and D-waves are parameterized by a sum of Breit-Wigner amplitudes. The measurement of the S-wave amplitude covers the whole elastic range of the K{sup -}{sup +} system.
The K- pi+ S-wave from the D+ --> k- pi+ pi+ Decay
Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /CINVESTAV, IPN /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U. /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook National U. /Milan U.
2009-05-01
Using data from FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a model independent partial-wave analysis of the K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} S-wave amplitude from the decay D{sup +} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}. The S-wave is a generic complex function to be determined directly from the data fit. The P- and D-waves are parameterized by a sum of Breit-Wigner amplitudes. The measurement of the S-wave amplitude covers the whole elastic range of the K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} system.
Wu, Chunquan; Delorey, Andrew; Brenguier, Florent; Hadziioannou, Celine; Daub, Eric G.; Johnson, Paul
2016-06-01
We use noise correlation and surface wave inversion to measure the S wave velocity changes at different depths near Parkfield, California, after the 2003 San Simeon and 2004 Parkfield earthquakes. We process continuous seismic recordings from 13 stations to obtain the noise cross-correlation functions and measure the Rayleigh wave phase velocity changes over six frequency bands. We then invert the Rayleigh wave phase velocity changes using a series of sensitivity kernels to obtain the S wave velocity changes at different depths. Our results indicate that the S wave velocity decreases caused by the San Simeon earthquake are relatively small (~0.02%) and access depths of at least 2.3 km. The S wave velocity decreases caused by the Parkfield earthquake are larger (~0.2%), and access depths of at least 1.2 km. Our observations can be best explained by material damage and healing resulting mainly from the dynamic stress perturbations of the two large earthquakes.
Variational cluster approach to s-wave pairing in heavy-fermion superconductors
Masuda, Keisuke; Yamamoto, Daisuke
2014-01-01
We study s-wave Cooper pairing in heavy-fermion systems. We analyze the periodic Anderson model by means of the variational cluster approach (VCA) focusing on the interorbital Cooper pairing between a conduction electron ($c$ electron) and an $f$ electron, called the "$c$-$f$ pairing." It is shown that the s-wave superconductivity appears coexisting with long-range antiferromagnetic order when electrons or holes are doped into the system at half filling. The antiferromagnetic order vanishes w...
d-Wave to s-wave to normal metal transitions in disordered superconductors
We study suppression of superconductivity by disorder in d-wave superconductors, and predict the existence of (at least) two sequential low-temperature transitions as a function of increasing disorder: a d-wave to s-wave, and then an s-wave to metal transition. This is a universal property of the system which is independent of the sign of the interaction constant in the s-channel
d-Wave to s-wave to normal metal transitions in disordered superconductors
Spivak, B. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)], E-mail: spivak@u.washington.edu; Oreto, P.; Kivelson, S.A. [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)
2009-03-01
We study suppression of superconductivity by disorder in d-wave superconductors, and predict the existence of (at least) two sequential low-temperature transitions as a function of increasing disorder: a d-wave to s-wave, and then an s-wave to metal transition. This is a universal property of the system which is independent of the sign of the interaction constant in the s-channel.
Dey, Shirsendu; Lala, Arindam
2015-03-01
In this paper we have studied the onset of holographic s-wave condensate in the (4 + 1) dimensional planar Gauss-Bonnet-AdS black hole background with several non-linear corrections to the gauge field. In the probe limit, performing explicit analytic computations, with and without magnetic field, we found that these higher order corrections indeed affect various quantities characterizing the holographic superconductors. Also, performing a comparative study of the two non-linear electrodynamics it has been shown that the exponential electrodynamics has stronger effects on the formation of the scalar hair. We observe that our results agree well with those obtained numerically (Zhao et al., 2013).
Study on S wave velocity structure beneath part stations in Shanxi Province
张学民; 束沛镒; 刁桂苓
2003-01-01
Based on S wave records of deep teleseisms on Digital Seismic Network of Shanxi Province, shear wave velocity structures beneath 6 stations were obtained by means of S wave waveform fitting. The result shows that the crust is thick in the studied region, reaching 40 km in thickness under 4 stations. The crust all alternatives high velocity layer with low velocity one. There appear varied velocity structures for different stations, and the stations around the same tectonic region exhibit similar structure characteristics. Combined with dominant depth distribution of many small-moderate earthquakes, the correlation between seismogenic layers and crustal structures of high and low velocity layers has been discussed.
Low Mass $S$-wave $K\\pi$ and $\\pi\\pi$ System
Meadows, B.
2007-01-01
Knowledge of the details of the $S$-wave $K\\pi$ and $\\pi\\pi$ systems limits the precision of measurements of heavy quark meson properties. This talk covers recent experimental developments in parametrizing and measuring these waves, and examines possibilities for the future.
Spectrum of the H- ion in the s-wave model
The H- ion in the s-wave model has one bound state and a Rydberg series of resonances, one associated with each inelastic threshold of the electron hydrogen system. We calculate the energy of the bound state and the energies of the resonances as well as their total widths up to N = 9 and partial widths up to N = 7. Refs. 46 (author)
Sial, S. [Lahore Univ. of Management Sciences (Pakistan). Dept. of Mathematics
2005-07-01
The application of a Sobolev gradient method for finding vortices in s-wave superconductors via minimization of their Landau-Ginzburg energies is demonstrated in a finite element setting. It is seen that the method is highly efficient while at the same time retaining the simplicity of the steepest descent algorithm. (Author)
How to parametrize an s-wave resonance and how to identify two-hadron composites
Törnqvist, N A
1995-01-01
The question of how one can distinguish quark model states from 2-hadron states near an S-wave theshold is discussed, and the usefulness of the running mass is emphasized as the meeting ground for experiment and theory and for defining resonance parameters.
Anomalous Fluctuations of s-Wave Reduced Neutron Widths of 192,194Pt Resonances
We obtained an unprecedentedly large number of s-wave neutron widths through R-matrix analysis of neutron cross-section measurements on enriched Pt samples. Careful analysis of these data rejects the validity of the Porter-Thomas distribution with a statistical significance of at least 99.997%.
S/WAVES: The Radio and Plasma Wave Investigation on the STEREO Mission
Bougeret, J. L.; Goetz, K.; Kaiser, M. L.; Bale, S. D.; Kellogg, P. J.; Maksimovic, M.; Monge, N.; Monson, S. J.; Astier, P. L.; Davy, S.; Dekkali, M.; Hinze, J. J.; Manning, R. E.; Aguilar-Rodriguez, E.; Bonnin, X.; Briand, C.; Cairns, I. H.; Cattell, C. A.; Cecconi, B.; Eastwood, J.; Ergun, R. E.; Fainberg, J.; Hoang, S.; Huttunen, K. E. J.; Krucker, S.; Lecacheux, A.; MacDowall, R. J.; Macher, W.; Mangeney, A.; Meetre, C. A.; Moussas, X.; Nguyen, Q. N.; Oswald, T. H.; Pulupa, M.; Reiner, M. J.; Robinson, P. A.; Rucker, H.; Salem, c.; Santolík, Ondřej; Silvis, J. M.; Ullrich, R.; Zarka, P.; Zouganelis, I.
2008-01-01
Roč. 136, 1-4 (2008), s. 487-528. ISSN 0038-6308 Grant ostatní: NASA(US) NAS5-03076 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30420517 Keywords : S/WAVES * STEREO * plasma waves * radio waves Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics Impact factor: 2.372, year: 2008
Detailed p- and s-wave velocity models along the LARSE II transect, Southern California
Murphy, J.M.; Fuis, G.S.; Ryberg, T.; Lutter, W.J.; Catchings, R.D.; Goldman, M.R.
2010-01-01
Structural details of the crust determined from P-wave velocity models can be improved with S-wave velocity models, and S-wave velocities are needed for model-based predictions of strong ground motion in southern California. We picked P- and S-wave travel times for refracted phases from explosive-source shots of the Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment, Phase II (LARSE II); we developed refraction velocity models from these picks using two different inversion algorithms. For each inversion technique, we calculated ratios of P- to S-wave velocities (VP/VS) where there is coincident P- and S-wave ray coverage.We compare the two VP inverse velocity models to each other and to results from forward modeling, and we compare the VS inverse models. The VS and VP/VS models differ in structural details from the VP models. In particular, dipping, tabular zones of low VS, or high VP/VS, appear to define two fault zones in the central Transverse Ranges that could be parts of a positive flower structure to the San Andreas fault. These two zones are marginally resolved, but their presence in two independent models lends them some credibility. A plot of VS versus VP differs from recently published plots that are based on direct laboratory or down-hole sonic measurements. The difference in plots is most prominent in the range of VP = 3 to 5 km=s (or VS ~ 1:25 to 2:9 km/s), where our refraction VS is lower by a few tenths of a kilometer per second from VS based on direct measurements. Our new VS - VP curve may be useful for modeling the lower limit of VS from a VP model in calculating strong motions from scenario earthquakes.
P and S wave responses of bacterial biopolymer formation in unconsolidated porous media
Noh, Dong-Hwa; Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan B.; Kwon, Tae-Hyuk; Muhunthan, Balasingam
2016-04-01
This study investigated the P and S wave responses and permeability reduction during bacterial biopolymer formation in unconsolidated porous media. Column experiments with fine sands, where the model bacteria Leuconostoc mesenteroides were stimulated to produce insoluble biopolymer, were conducted while monitoring changes in permeability and P and S wave responses. The bacterial biopolymer reduced the permeability by more than 1 order of magnitude, occupying ~10% pore volume after 38 days of growth. This substantial reduction was attributed to the bacterial biopolymer with complex internal structures accumulated at pore throats. S wave velocity (VS) increased by more than ~50% during biopolymer accumulation; this indicated that the bacterial biopolymer caused a certain level of stiffening effect on shear modulus of the unconsolidated sediment matrix at low confining stress conditions. Whereas replacing pore water by insoluble biopolymer was observed to cause minimal changes in P wave velocity (VP) due to the low elastic moduli of insoluble biopolymer. The spectral ratio analyses revealed that the biopolymer formation caused a ~50-80% increase in P wave attenuation (1/QP) at the both ultrasonic and subultrasonic frequency ranges, at hundreds of kHz and tens of kHz, respectively, and a ~50-60% increase in S wave attenuation (1/QS) in the frequency band of several kHz. Our results reveal that in situ biopolymer formation and the resulting permeability reduction can be effectively monitored by using P and S wave attenuation in the ultrasonic and subultrasonic frequency ranges. This suggests that field monitoring using seismic logging techniques, including time-lapse dipole sonic logging, may be possible.
P and S-wave tomographic images for the PASSCAL experiments
Yuan, H.; Dueker, K.
2001-12-01
We present teleseismic P and S-wave tomographic images down to 400 Km for the PASSCAL CD-ROM teleseismic experiment. Our aim is to investigate the structural variations across the Archean-Proterozoic Cheyenne Belt (the North line) and across the Proterozoic-Proterozoic Jemez volcanic lineament (the South line). A full year of teleseismic P and S-wave data was collected from 48 PASSCAL broadband 3-component instruments. S phases were rotated to the direction of maximum linear polarization. A multi-channel cross correlation technique was used to measure the arrival times. We picked 1400 travel-time residuals for the teleseismic S, ScS and SKS phases and 2000 for P. An iterative LSQR matrix solver with Laplacian regulation was applied to invert the data for P and S wave images. Our preliminary results show large peak-to-peak teleseismic residuals, i.e., 2 sec P-time variations and 5 sec S-wave variations. The peak-to-peak S velocity difference reaches 12%. In the CD-ROM North line a fast anomaly appears north of CB, which is consistent with the cold, stable Archean craton. To the south this feature vanishes across the Cheyenne Belt (N 41.25 deg). The south line shows a large low velocity zone extending to 200 km beneath the Jemez volcanic lineament. The P-wave and S-wave images are highly correlated with a dnVp/dlnVs ratio of about 2. Images from two different PASSCAL experiments, the Lodore and Laramie array, share the complexities of the seismic velocity variation beneath the CD-ROM transects. A joint inversion of the P and S and a delta t-star data are proposed to further constrain the thermal state and composition state of the active upper mantle beneath the Wyoming, Colorado and New Mexico regions.
P- and S-wave seismic attenuation for deep natural gas exploration and development
Walls, Joel [Rock Solid Images, Houston, TX (United States); Uden, Richard [Rock Solid Images, Houston, TX (United States); Singleton, Scott [Rock Solid Images, Houston, TX (United States); Shu, Rone [Rock Solid Images, Houston, TX (United States); Mavko, Gary [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
2005-04-12
Using current methods, oil and gas in the subsurface cannot be reliably predicted from seismic data. This causes domestic oil and gas fields to go undiscovered and unexploited, thereby increasing the need to import energy.The general objective of this study was to demonstrate a simple and effective methodology for estimating reservoir properties (gas saturation in particular, but also including lithology, net to gross ratios, and porosity) from seismic attenuation and other attributes using P- and S-waves. Phase I specific technical objectives: Develop Empirical or Theoretical Rock Physics Relations for Qp and Qs; Create P-wave and S-wave Synthetic Seismic Modeling Algorithms with Q; and, Compute P-wave and S-wave Q Attributes from Multi-component Seismic Data. All objectives defined in the Phase I proposal were accomplished. During the course of this project, a new class of seismic analysis was developed based on compressional and shear wave inelastic rock properties (attenuation). This method provides a better link between seismic data and the presence of hydrocarbons. The technique employs both P and S-wave data to better discriminate between attenuation due to hydrocarbons versus energy loss due to other factors such as scattering and geometric spreading. It was demonstrated that P and S attenuation can be computed from well log data and used to generate synthetic seismograms. Rock physics models for P and S attenuation were tested on a well from the Gulf of Mexico. The P- and S-wave Q attributes were computed on multi-component 2D seismic data intersecting this well. These methods generated reasonable results, and most importantly, the Q attributes indicated gas saturation.
Higher-dimensional AdS waves and pp waves with conformally related sources
AdS waves and pp-waves can only be supported by pure radiation fields, for which the only nonvanishing component of the energy-momentum tensor is the energy density along the retarded time. We show that the nonminimal coupling of self-gravitating scalar fields to the higher-dimensional versions of these exact gravitational waves can be done consistently. In both cases, the resulting pure radiation constraints completely fix the scalar field dependence and the form of the allowed self-interactions. More significantly, we establish that the two sets of pure radiation constraints are conformally related for any nonminimal coupling, in spite of the fact that the involved gravitational fields are not necessarily related. In this correspondence, the potential supporting the AdS waves emerges from the self-interaction associated to the pp-waves and a self-dual condition naturally satisfied by the pp-wave scalar fields
Pion cloud contribution to the s-wave repulsion in pionic atoms
The nuclear pion cloud contribution to the pion self-energy for pionic atoms is evaluated and one finds large cancellations between terms involving the ππ amplitude and other terms originating from the chiral lagrangian partners. While the individual terms depend strongly on the off-shell extrapolation of the ππ amplitude, the sum is model independent within the Olson and Turner family of chiral lagrangians keeping ξ+4η constant, as previously found for the πN →ππN and pion double-charge exchange in nuclei, and vanishes in the limit of mπ→0. One finds a small net repulsion which is however too small to account for the ''missing'' s-wave repulsion. A revision of the present status of the problem of the ''missing'' s-wave repulsion is done at the end. ((orig.))
Screening of plane S waves by an array of rigid piles in poroelastic soil
Yuan-qiang CAI; Guang-ya DING; Chang-jie XU
2008-01-01
An array of rigid piles used as a screening barrier for plane shear (S) waves is investigated in a homogeneous unbounded space. The dynamic poroelastic theory of Biot is employed, under the assumption of an incompressible solid grain. Using Fourier-Bessel series, the problem of multiple scattering is solved by imposing continuity conditions and equilibrium conditions at the soil-pile interfaces with the translational addition theorem. A parametric analysis is conducted to investigate the influence of the permeability of poroelastie soil, separation between piles, number of piles and frequency of incident waves on screening effectiveness of the barrier, and the results are compared with those in an elastic soil medium. Computed results show that the intrinsic permeability of the soil medium displays an apparent effect on the screening of plane S waves.
S wave bottomonium states moving in a quark-gluon plasma from lattice NRQCD
Aarts, Gert; Kim, Seyong; Lombardo, Maria Paola; Oktay, Mehmet B; Ryan, Sinead M; Sinclair, D K; Skullerud, Jon-Ivar
2012-01-01
We extend our study of bottomonium spectral functions in the quark-gluon plasma to nonzero momentum. We use lattice QCD simulations with two flavours of light quark on highly anisotropic lattices and treat the bottom quark with nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD). We focus on S wave (Upsilon and eta_b) channels and consider nonrelativistic velocities, v/c < 0.2. A comparison with predictions from effective field theory is made.
S WAVE IN PULMONARY EMBOLISM, A NEW ECG SIGN TO AID THROMBOLYSIS
Thomas John
2012-11-01
Full Text Available Acute pulmonary embolism is a devastating disease that often leads to mortality . Previous investigators have found that thrombolysis reduces mortality in men but not significantly in women with pulmonary embolism. Many of the previous studies are with tenecteplase and alteplase. Here, we describe intra - venous thrombolysis with streptokinase in seven patients with pulmonary embolism who survived including two women. Further, we have one patient who had a new onset of S wave in lead I which subsequently disappeared after embolectomy. We also comment on the usefulness of shock sign in 2 deciding on thrombolysis .We propose a new sign for noninvasive assessment of need for thrombolysis in pulmonary embolism. New onset S wave in Lead I in pulmonary embolism can be used as a new sign for deciding the need for thrombolysis. When added to the shock sign it can be used in the emergency deparment to decide the need for thrombolysis. Further, there are no clear end points as to when to stop thrombolysis. In all 4 patients we switched to heparin when spontaneous bleeding or oozing started. In all 4 patients subsequent CT scans showed that the patient has mild to moderate resolution of the pulmonary embolism and patients remained stable and have been discharged and are under regular follow up. Hence we propose that bleeding can be used as an end point for thrombolysis in acute pulmonary embolism. We also describe a patient who had new onset S wave that disappeared after successful pulmonary embolectomy. Probably, the S wave is a marker of main pulmonary artery branch occlusions.
Artificial spin system using composite structures of d- and s-wave superconductors
Kato, Masaru [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan) and CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)]. E-mail: kato@ms.osakafu-u.ac.jp; Hirayama, Masaki [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Nakajima, Susumu [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Koyama, Tomio [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Machida, Masahiko [CCSE, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 6-9-3 Higashi-Ueno, Taito-ku, Tokyo 110-0015 (Japan); CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Ishida, Takekazu [Department of Physics and Electronics, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); CREST, JST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)
2007-03-15
Because of the spontaneous half-quantized magnetic fluxes, a d-wave superconducting dot in an s-wave superconductor can be considered as a spin. Using two-components Ginzburg-Landau equation, we obtained stable magnetic structures of this system and investigate its properties. Especially, the interaction between two d-wave superconducting dots is anisotropic and depends on their distance. So, we can construct various artificial spin systems changing lattice structure of d-wave superconducting dots.
Coupled channel analysis of s-wave ππ and K anti-K photoproduction
We present a coupled channel partial wave analysis of non-diffractive S-wave π+π- and K+K- photoproduction focusing on the K anti-K threshold. Final state interactions are included. We calculate total cross sections, angular and effective mass distributions in both ππ and K anti-K channels. Our results indicate that these processes are experimentally measurable and valuable information on the f0(980) resonance structure can be obtained. (author)
Statistical properties of the S-wave resonances of {sup 235}U
Leal, L.C.; Derrien, H.; Larson, N.M.
1997-06-01
The resonance parameters of {sup 235}U in the energy range 0 eV to 2.25 keV were obtained from a generalized least squares analysis of a large set of experimental data using the Reich-Moore formalism in the fitting code SAMMY. The aim of the present paper is to present the statistical properties of the s-wave resonance parameters generated from this study.
ESTIMATION OF S-WAVE VELOCITY STRUCTURE OF FUKUI PLAIN BASED ON MICROTREMOR ARRAY OBSERVATION
Kojima, Keisuke; Moto, Koudai
The precise evaluations of Quaternary structure of the region are indispensable in order to accurately predict the seismic damage. However, deep borehole, PS-logging and elastic wave exploration have been executed only on limited points around the Fukui Plain. The problem analyzed in this study is statistical estimation of the 3D S-wave velocity structure down to the Tertiary bedrock of the Fukui Plain based on the data from 75 microtremor array observation sites. The Rayleigh wave phase velocities at each array site were calculated by the spatial autocorrelation method. The phase velocities at each site were inverted to a 1D S-wave profile using a genetic inversion. The 3-components single-site microtremor observations were carried out to compensate the array observations. The 3D S-wave velocity structure around the Fukui plain have been interpolated by using Kriging and Co-Kriging techniques. In the Co-Kriging procedure, the correlations between the estimated depths of Quaternary and the observed predominant periods of the sites were taken into account. The validity of the estimated structure from the microtremor observation was confirmed by comparing with the density structure and with the existing PS-logging data.
ESTIMA, Neutron Width Level Spacing, Neutron Strength Function of S- Wave, P-Wave Resonances
1 - Description of problem or function: ESTIMA calculates level spacing and neutron strength function of a mixed sequence of s- and p-wave resonances given a set of neutron widths as input parameters. Three algorithms are used, two of which calculate s-wave average parameters and assume that the reduced widths obey a Porter-Thomas distribution truncated by a minimum detection threshold. The third performs a maximum likelihood fit to a truncated chi-squared distribution of any specified number of degrees of freedom, i.e. it can be used for calculating s-wave or p-wave average parameters. Resonances of undeclared angular orbital momentum are divided into groups of probable s-wave and probable p-wave by a simple application of Bayes' Theorem. 2 - Method of solution: Three algorithms are used: i) GAMN method, based on simple moments properties of a Porter-Thomas distribution. ii) Missing Level Estimator, a simplified version of the algorithm used by the program BAYESZ. iii) ESTIMA, a maximum likelihood fit. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: A maximum of 400 resonances is allowed in the version available from NEADB, however this restriction can be relaxed by increasing array dimensions
Evolution of P and S waves in the EDZ around the Praclay gallery
Document available in extended abstract form only. In 2007, the HADES underground research facility in Mol, Belgium completed construction of the PRACLAY gallery where a long-term heater experiment will be performed to simulate the effects of heating generated by high-level nuclear waste on the properties of the Boom Clay host formation. Prior to construction, a micro-seismic monitoring system was installed in the clay to monitor the effects of excavation in the near, far field around the gallery. After completion of the gallery, the monitoring system was extended to include measurements in the near field as well to monitor the excavated damaged zone (EDZ). In total, there are 23 transmitters (T) and 19 receivers (R). They are installed in three boreholes at depths varying between 0.5 m and 14 m, and at the interface between the gallery lining and the clay host formation. A data acquisition (DAQ) system operates daily to record both self-generated seismic transmission signals as well as acoustic-emission (AE) P- and S-wave signals. The transmitters and receivers consist of piezoelectric transducers that operate mainly in the frequency range between 1 and 50 kHz. This relatively high-frequency range of the sensors, which lies above the applicable S-wave frequency, makes it difficult to measure S waves with the current installation. To improve the generation and detection of S waves a new high-energy seismic hammer is being constructed, which will be tested as part of the MoDeRn project. The new seismic hammer is designed for installation in a small-diameter borehole and can be oriented to optimize signal energy and travel path geometry. The hammer will be tested in the current setup as well as with accelerometers, which operate at lower frequencies than the current piezoelectric sensors. This paper presents and discusses the long-term evolution of P- and S-wave velocities measured both in the near field and near far field around the PRACLAY gallery, and reports on
Mantle deformation patterns beneath southern Tibet using splitting of direct-S waves
Mohanty, Debasis D.; Eken, Tuna; Singh, Arun; Singh, Chandrani; Kumar, M. Ravi
2016-04-01
This study presents a total of 12008 shear wave splitting measurements obtained using the reference station technique applied to direct S-waves from 106 earthquakes recorded at 143 seismic stations of the Hi-CLIMB seismic network. The results reveal significant anisotropy in regions of southern Tibet where null or negligible anisotropy has been hitherto reported from SK(K)S measurements. While the individual fast polarization direction (FPD) at each station are found to be consistent, the splitting time delays (TDs) exhibit deviations particularly at stations located south of the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone. The fast polarization directions (FPDs) are oriented (a) NE-SW to E-W to the south of the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone (b) NE-SW to ENE-SSW between Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone and the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone (ITSZ) and (c) E-W to the extreme north of the profile. The splitting time delays (dt) vary between 0.45 and 1.3 s south of the ITSZ (<30 N latitude), while they range from 0.9 to 1.4 s north of it. The overall trends are similar to SKS/SKKS results. However, the differences may be due to the not so near vertical paths of direct S waves which may sample the anisotropy in a different way in comparison to SKS waves, or insufficient number of SKS observations. The significant anisotropy ( 0.8 s) observed beneath Himalaya reveals a complex deformation pattern in the region and can be best explained by the combined effects of deformation related to shear at the base of the lithosphere and subduction related flows with possible contributions from the crust. Additional measurements obtained using direct S-waves provide new constraints in regions with complex anisotropy.
Significant seismic anisotropy beneath southern Tibet inferred from splitting of direct S-waves
Singh, Arun; Eken, Tuna; Mohanty, Debasis D.; Saikia, Dipankar; Singh, Chandrani; Ravi Kumar, M.
2016-01-01
This study presents a total of 12008 shear wave splitting measurements obtained using the reference-station technique applied to direct S-waves from 106 earthquakes recorded at 143 seismic stations of the Hi-CLIMB seismic network. The results reveal significant anisotropy in regions of southern Tibet where null or negligible anisotropy has been hitherto reported from SK(K)S measurements. While the individual fast polarization direction (FPD) at each station are found to be consistent, the splitting time delays (TDs) exhibit deviations particularly at stations located south of the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone. The fast polarization directions (FPDs) are oriented (a) NE-SW to E-W to the south of the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone (b) NE-SW to ENE-SSW between Bangong-Nujiang Suture Zone and the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone (ITSZ) and (c) E-W to the extreme north of the profile. The splitting time delays (δt) vary between 0.45 and 1.3 s south of the ITSZ (<30°N latitude), while they range from 0.9 to 1.4 s north of it. The overall trends are similar to SKS/SKKS results. However, the differences may be due to the not so near vertical paths of direct S waves which may sample the anisotropy in a different way in comparison to SKS waves, or insufficient number of SKS observations. The significant anisotropy (∼ 0.8 s) observed beneath Himalaya reveals a complex deformation pattern in the region and can be best explained by the combined effects of deformation related to shear at the base of the lithosphere and subduction related flows with possible contributions from the crust. Additional measurements obtained using direct S-waves provide new constraints in regions with complex anisotropy.
S-wave K- pi+ system in D+ ---> K- pi+ pi+ decays from Fermilab E791
Meadows, B.T.; /Cincinnati U.
2005-06-01
A new approach to the analysis of three body decays is presented. Model-independent results are obtained for the S-wave K{pi} amplitude as a function of K{pi} invariant mass. These are compared with results from K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} elastic scattering, and the prediction of the Watson theorem, that the phase behavior be the same below K{eta}' threshold, is tested. Contributions from I = 1/2 and I = 3/2 are not resolved in this study. If I = 1/2 dominates, however, the Watson theorem does not describe these data well.
Spectroscopic factors for bound s-wave states derived from neutron scattering lengths
A simple and model-independent method is described to derive neutron single-particle spectroscopic factors of bound s-wave states in A+1Z = AZ circle-times n nuclei from neutron scattering lengths. Spectroscopic factors for the nuclei 13C, 14C, 16N, 17O, 19O, 23Ne, 37Ar, and 41Ar are compared to results derived from transfer experiments using the well-known disorted wave Born analysis and to shell model calculations. The scattering length of 14C is calculated from the 15Cg.s. spectroscopic factor. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Linear relations between pion-nucleus s-wave scattering lengths and cluster models
It is examined whether the recently noted proportionality of s-wave π-nucleus to the πα scattering length provides evidence for α-clustering in nuclei. An analysis of low-energy πd scatterings is used as argument against a simple interpretation of the observed linear relations. It is noted that all πA scattering lengths for Z=N nuclei are approximate multiples of a π''d''-like unit, without evidence for ''d'' clustering. (author)
Experimental Evidence of s-Wave Superconductivity in Bulk CaC6
Lamura, G.; Aurino, M.; Cifariello, G.; di Gennaro, E.; Andreone, A.; Emery, N.; Hérold, C.; Marêché, J.-F.; Lagrange, P.
2006-03-01
The temperature dependence of the in-plane magnetic penetration depth, λab(T), has been measured in a c-axis oriented polycrystalline CaC6 bulk sample using a high-resolution mutual inductance technique. A clear exponential behavior of λab(T) has been observed at low temperatures, strongly suggesting isotropic s-wave pairing. Data fit using the standard BCS theory yields λab(0)=(720±80)Å and Δ(0)=(1.79±0.08)meV. The ratio 2Δ(0)/kBTc=(3.6±0.2) gives indication for a weakly coupled superconductor.
Holographic s-wave and p-wave Josephson junction with backreaction
Wang, Yong-Qiang
2016-01-01
In this paper, we study the holographic models of s-wave and p-wave Josephoson junction away from probe limit in (3+1)-dimensional spacetime, respectively. With the backreaction of the matter, we obtained the anisotropic black hole solution with the condensation of matter fields. We observe that the critical temperature of Josephoson junction decreases with increasing backreaction. In addition to this, the tunneling current and condenstion of Josephoson junction become smaller as backreaction grows larger, but the relationship between current and phase difference still holds for sine function. Moreover, condenstion of Josephoson junction deceases with increasing width of junction exponentially.
Alvaro Calle Cordon,Manuel Pavon Valderrama,Enrique Ruiz Arriola
2012-02-01
We study the interplay between charge symmetry breaking and renormalization in the NN system for S-waves. We find a set of universality relations which disentangle explicitly the known long distance dynamics from low energy parameters and extend them to the Coulomb case. We analyze within such an approach the One-Boson-Exchange potential and the theoretical conditions which allow to relate the proton-neutron, proton-proton and neutron-neutron scattering observables without the introduction of extra new parameters and providing good phenomenological success.
The tensor analyzing power Asub(yy) near s-wave levels
In the neighborhood of an isolated resonance induced by s-wave particles, the component Asub(yy)(theta) of the tensor analyzing power is independent of the reaction angle theta. The constant value of Asub(yy)(theta) is a function of the level spin J and of the (l',s') configuration in the exit channel of the resonant amplitude. The use of this fact as a diagnostic tool in an analysis of the process is discussed and demonstrated with data available. It is also pointed out that efficient polarimeters can be constructed, which measure the quantity Asub(yy). (Auth.)
Nonexponential decay of an unstable quantum system: Small-$Q$-value s-wave decay
Jittoh, Toshifumi; Matsumoto, Shigeki; Sato, Joe(Department of Physics, Saitama University, Shimo-Okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama 355-8570, Japan); SATO, Yoshio; Takeda, Koujin
2004-01-01
We study the decay process of an unstable quantum system, especially the deviation from the exponential decay law. We show that the exponential period no longer exists in the case of the s-wave decay with small $Q$ value, where the $Q$ value is the difference between the energy of the initially prepared state and the minimum energy of the continuous eigenstates in the system. We also derive the quantitative condition that this kind of decay process takes place and discuss what kind of system ...
Range Corrections to Doublet S-Wave Neutron-Deuteron Scattering
Hammer, H. -W.; Mehen, Thomas
2001-01-01
We calculate the range corrections to S-wave neutron-deuteron scattering in the doublet channel (S=1/2) to first order in r/a where a is the scattering length and r the effective range. Ultraviolet divergences appearing at this order can be absorbed into a redefinition of the leading order three-body force. The corrections to the elastic scattering amplitude below the deuteron breakup threshold are computed. Inclusion of the range corrections gives good agreement with measured scattering data...
Dey, Shirsendu
2013-01-01
In this paper, taking advantages of AdS/CFT correspondence, we have systematically studied the onset of holographic s-wave condensate in the planar Gauss-Bonnet-AdS black hole background. In the probe limit, we have considered two different kinds of non-linear electrodynamics, namely the exponential and logarithmic form of electrodynamics, in the matter action which may be considered as higher derivative corrections to the gauge fields in the usual Maxwell electrodynamics. Performing explicit analytic computations we have been able to determine several quantities characterising the holographic condensates for the two cases. We have determined the critical exponent associated with the order parameter of condensation and inferred that the condensates actually exhibit mean field behaviour and undergo a second order phase transition in going from normal to superconducting phase. We have also investigated the response of the condensates in an external magnetic field. We have shown that, in both cases, the non-line...
Analytic study of holographic superconductors with non-linear electrodynamics
Banerjee, Rabin; Roychowdhury, Dibakar; Lala, Arindam
2012-01-01
In this paper, we have analytically studied the properties of the s-wave holographic superconductors in the planar Schwarzschild-AdS background. Using the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem we have been able to calculate the critical temperature for condensation in terms of the charge density. This is a continuation and eventual culmination of the work begun in \\cite{Sun2}. The results obtained analytically agree well with the numerical findings\\cite{hs19}.
Aoki, Sho; Iio, Yoshihisa; Katao, Hiroshi; Miura, Tsutomu; Yoneda, Itaru; Sawada, Masayo
2016-06-01
Distinct reflected waves (S × S) are observed in the northern Kinki district, southwestern Japan. We conducted a high-resolution reflection analysis by using data from 128 seismic stations with an average spacing of about 5 km. We used a stacking method to obtain three-dimensional distributions of relative reflection strengths of S waves and found a thin planar zone of high reflection strengths at depths of 25-30 km, which we call a S wave reflector. We also found that the zone of high reflection strengths is dipping to the north and that low-frequency earthquakes (LFEs) occurred near the edge of the zone at depths around the Moho discontinuity. It is inferred from these results that fluid is concentrated in this zone of high reflection strengths. It is likely that the zone of high reflection strengths is a path of fluid upwelling from the mantle, together with the hypocentral region of LFEs, that is located near the lower edge of the zone. The northern Kinki district is thought to be part of the Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone (NKTZ) high strain rates region. The high reflection strengths zone may be associated with high strain rates in the NKTZ.
Mapping crustal S-wave velocity structure with SV-component receiver function method
邹最红; 陈晓非
2003-01-01
In this article, we analyze the characters of SV-component receiver function of teleseismic body waves and its advantages in mapping the S-wave velocity structure of crust in detail. Similar to radial receiver function, SV-component receiver function can be obtained by directly deconvolving the P-component from the SV-component of teleseismic recordings. Our analyses indicate that the change of amplitude of SV-component receiver function against the change of epicentral distance is less than that of radial receiver function. Moreover, the waveform of SV-component receiver function is simpler than the radial receiver function and gives prominence to the PS converted phases that are the most sensitive to the shear wave velocity structure in the inversion. The synthetic tests show that the convergence of SV-component receiver function inversion is faster than that of the radial receiver function inversion. As an example, we investigate the S-wave velocity structure beneath HIA station by using the SV-component receiver function inversion method.
Holographic model of hybrid and coexisting s-wave and p-wave Josephson junction
Liu, Shuai; Wang, Yong-Qiang [Lanzhou University, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou (China)
2015-10-15
In this paper the holographic model for a hybrid and coexisting s-wave and p-wave Josephson junction is constructed by a triplet charged scalar field coupled with a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge field in (3+1)-dimensional AdS spacetime. Depending on the value of chemical potential μ, one can show that there are four types of junctions (s+p-N-s+p, s+p-N-s, s+p-N-p and s-N-p). We show that the DC currents of all the hybrid and coexisting s-wave and p-wave junctions are proportional to the sine of the phase difference across the junction. In addition, the maximum current and the total condensation decay with the width of junction exponentially, respectively. For the s+p-N-s and s-N-p junctions, the maximum current decreases with growing temperature. Moreover, we find that the maximum current increases with growing temperature for the s+p-N-s+p and s+p-N-p junctions, which is different from the behavior of the s+p-N-s and s-N-p junctions. (orig.)
Bs→K(∗)ℓν-bar, angular analysis, S-wave contributions and |Vub|
We analyse the B-bars0→K+l−ν-bar and B-bars0→K∗+(→Kπ)ℓ−ν-bar decays that are valuable for extracting the CKM matrix element |Vub|. We calculate the differential and integrated partial widths in units of |Vub|2 based on various calculations of hadronic form factors and in particular the latest Lattice QCD calculation of the Bs→K∗ form factors. For the decay B-bars0→Kπℓν-bar, we formulate the general angular distributions with the inclusion of the various partial-wave Kπ contributions. Using the results for the Kπ scalar form factor calculated from unitarized chiral perturbation theory, we explore the S-wave effects on angular distribution variables and demonstrate that they may not be negligible, considering the high precision expected in future measurements. We also briefly discuss the impact of the S-wave ππ contributions in the B−→π+π−ℓν-bar decay and provide estimates for the mode B−→K+K−ℓν-bar. The studies of these channels in future can not only be used to determine |Vub|, but may also provide valuable information on the Kπ and ππ phase shifts
Park, Y; Nyblade, A; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A
2005-08-30
We report the estimates of three-dimensional P- and S-wave velocity structure beneath the Arabian Peninsula estimated from travel time delay tomography. We have completed travel time measurements and inversion of a partial data set provided by King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST). This study builds on previous work by Benoit et al. (2003) following the methods of VanDecar and Crosson (1990) and VanDecar (1991). Data were collected from the Saudi Arabian National Digital Seismic Network (SANDSN) operated by KACST. The network consists of 38 stations (27 broadband and 11 short-period). We augmented the KACST data with delay times measured from permanent Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) stations in the region (RAYN, EIL and MRNI) and the 1996 Saudi Arabian PASSCAL Experiment. This study shows the inverted P- and S-wave models computed with the combined data with all three different seismic networks (KASCST, IRIS, and the 1996 Saudi Arabian PASSCAL experiment) with best coverage beneath the Arabian Shield. Tomographic images reveal low velocity features in the upper mantle along a north-south line from the southern Asir region to the northeastern portion of the Arabian Shield.
S-wave velocity structure beneath Changbaishan volcano inferred from receiver function
Jianping Wu; Yuehong Ming; Lihua Fang; Weilai Wang
2009-01-01
The S wave velocity structure in Changbaishan volcanic region was obtained from teleseismic receiver func-tion modeling. The results show that there exist distinct low velocity layers in crust in volcano area. Beneath WQD station near to the Tianchi caldera the low velocity layer at 8 km depth is 20 km thick with the lowest S-wave velocity about 2.2 km/s. At EDO station located 50 km north of Tianchi caldera, no obvious crustal low velocity layer is detected. In the volcanic re-gion, the thickness of crustal low velocity layer is greater and the lowest velocity is more obvious with the distance shorter to the caldem. It indicates the existence of the high temperature material or magma reservoir in crust near the Tianchi caldera. The receiver functions and inversion result from different back azimuths at CBS permanent seismic station show that the thickness of near surface low velocity layer and Moho depth change with directions. The near surface low velocity layer is obviously thicker in south direction. The Moho depth shows slight uplifting in the direction of the caldera located. We con-sider that the special near surface velocity structure is the main cause of relatively lower prominent frequency of volcanic earthquake waveforms recorded by CBS station. The slight uplifting of Moho beneath Tianchi caldera indicates there is a material exchanging channel between upper mantle and magma reservoir in crust.
Upper-mantle velocities below the Scandinavian Mountains from P- and S- wave traveltime tomography
Hejrani, Babak; Balling, N.; Jacobsen, B. H.;
2015-01-01
More than 20000 arrival-times of teleseismic P- and S-waves were measured over a period of more than 10 years in five separate temporary and two permanent seismic networks covering the Scandinavian (Scandes) Mountains and adjacent areas of the Baltic Shield. The relative traveltime residuals were...... inverted to 3D tomograms of P- and S- velocities and the VP/VS ratio. Resolution analysis documents that good 3D resolution is available under the dense network south of 64° latitude (Southern Scandes Mountains), and patchier, but highly useful resolution is available further north, where station coverage...... between Lofoten and the crest of the Northern Scandes Mountains and stays off the coast further north. Seismic velocities in the depth interval 100-300 km change across the UMVB from low relative VP and even lower relative VS on the western side to high relative VP and even higher relative VS to the east...
φ(1020) f0(980) S-wave scattering and the Y(2175) resonance
We have studied the φ(1020)f0(980) S-wave scattering at energies around threshold employing chiral Lagrangians coupled to vector mesons through minimal coupling. The interaction kernel is obtained by considering the f0(980) as a KK bound state. The Y(2175) resonance is generated in this approach by the self-interactions between the φ(1020) and the f0(980) resonances. We are able to describe the e+e-→φ(1020)f0(980) recent scattering data to test experimentally our scattering amplitudes, concluding that the Y(2175) resonance has a large φ(1020)f0(980) meson-meson component.
Study on Source Spectrum for the Yajiang Earthquake Sequence Using S Wave
Zhang Yongjiu; Cheng Wanzheng
2004-01-01
The source parameters of the Yajiang earthquake sequence are calculated based on spectral analysis of S wave data recorded by the Chengdu Digital Seismic Network. Analysis of the source parameters in different periods are made, The obtained results are: ( 1 ) the relationship between Ms (seismic moment), Mw (moment magnitude) and ML (local magnitude), which fits the data of Yajiang earthquake sequence; (2) the decreasing corner frequency from 1.4 before the M5.0 earthquake to 1.3 afterwards, and then to 1.2 after the M6.0 event; (3) the obvious difference in the source parameters between foreshocks and aftershocks, which may be indicators for earthquake prediction.
Direct observation of Feshbach enhanced $\\it{s}$-wave scattering of fermions
Genkina, Dina; Stuhl, Benjamin K; Lu, Hsin-I; Spielman, Ian
2015-01-01
We directly measured the normalized $\\it{s}$-wave scattering cross-section of ultracold $^{40}\\rm{K}$ atoms across a magnetic-field Feshbach resonance by colliding pairs of degenerate Fermi gases (DFGs) and imaging the scattered atoms. We extracted the scattered fraction for a range of bias magnetic fields, and measured the resonance location to be $B_0 = 20.206(15)$ mT with width $\\Delta = 1.0(5)$ mT. To optimize the signal-to-noise ratio of atom number in scattering images, we developed techniques to interpret absorption images in a regime where recoil induced detuning corrections are significant. These imaging techniques are generally applicable to experiments with lighter alkalis that would benefit from maximizing signal-to-noise ratio on atom number counting at the expense of spatial imaging resolution.
S-wave velocity structure inferred from receiver function inversion in Tengchong volcanic area
贺传松; 王椿镛; 吴建平
2004-01-01
Tengchong volcanic area is located near the impinging and underthrust margin of India and Eurasia plates. The volcanic activity is closely related to the tectonic environment. The deep structure characteristics are inferred from the receiver function inversion with the teleseismic records in the paper. The results show that the low velocity zone is influenced by the NE-trending Dayingjiang fault. The S-wave low velocity structure occurs obviously in the southern part of the fault, but unobviously in its northern part. There are low velocity zones in the shallow position, which coincides with the seismicity. It also demonstrates that the low velocity zone is directly related to the thermal activity in the volcanic area. Therefore, we consider that the volcano may be alive again.
Single gap s-wave superconductivity in Nb2PdS5
Shruti; Goyal, R.; Awana, V. P. S.; Patnaik, S.
2016-05-01
Superconducting order parameter and its symmetry are important parameters towards deciphering the pairing mechanism in newly discovered superconducting systems. We report a study on penetration depth measurement on Nb2PdS5 that has recently been reported with extremely high upper critical field with possible triplet pairing mechanism. Our data show that at low temperatures the change in penetration depth Δλ is best fitted with BCS s-wave model for single gap with zero-temperature value of the superconducting energy gap Δ0 = 1.05 meV, corresponding to the ratio 2Δ0/kBTc = 3.9 ± 0.18. The superfluid density in the entire temperature range is well described by single gap with gap ratio 2Δ0/kBTc = 4.1 ± 0.13 for λ(0) = 225 nm.
Neutron capture in s-wave resonances of iron-56, nickel-58, and nickel-60
The neutron capture widths of s-wave resonances in 56Fe (27.7 keV), 58Ni (15.4 keV), and 60Ni (12.5 keV) have been determined using a setup completely different from previous experiments. A pulsed 3-MV Van de Graaff accelerator and a kinematically collimated neutron beam, produced via the 7Li(p,n) reaction, were used in the experiments. Capture gamma rays were observed by three Moxon-Rae detectors with graphite, bismuth-graphite, and bismuth converters, respectively. The samples were positioned at a neutron flight path of only 9 cm. Thus, events due to capture of resonance-scattered neutrons in the detectors or in surrounding materials are completely discriminated by their additional time of flight. The high neutron flux at the sample position allowed the use of very thin samples (0.15 to 0.45 mm), avoiding large multiple scattering corrections. The data obtained with the individual detectors were corrected for the efficiency of the respective converter materials. For that purpose, detailed theoretical calculations of the capture gamma-ray spectra of the measured isotopes and of gold, which was used as a standard, were performed. The final results are GAMMA /SUB lg/ (27.7 keV, 56Fe) = 1.06 + or - 0.05 eV; GAMMAγ(15.4 keV, 58Ni) = 1.53 + or - 0.10 eV; and GAMMAγ(12.5 keV, 60Ni) = 2.92 + or - 0.19 eV. The accuracy obtained with the present experimental method represents an improvement by a factor 3 to 6 compared to previous experiments. The investigated s-wave resonances contribute 10 to 40% to the total capture rate of the respective isotopes in a typical fast reactor
Investigating Near Surface S-Wave Velocity Properties Using Ambient Noise in Southwestern Taiwan
Chun-Hsiang Kuo
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Ambient noise is typically used to estimate seismic site effects and velocity profiles instead of earthquake recordings, especially in areas with limited seismic data. The dominant Horizontal to Vertical Spectral Ratio (HVSR frequency of ambient noise is correlated to Vs30, which is the average S-wave velocity in the top 30 m. Vs30 is a widely used parameter for defining seismic amplification in earthquake engineering. HVSR can detect the vertical discontinuity of velocities, that is, the interfaces between hard bedrock and soft sediments. In southwestern Taiwan most strong motion stations are located in the plains and show a dominant frequency lower than 3 Hz. Several stations near the coast have low dominant frequencies of less than 1 Hz. The dominant frequencies are higher than 4 Hz at piedmont stations. The stations in the mountains with dominant frequencies over 8 Hz are typically located on very hard sites. This study analyzed the HVSR characteristics under different seismic site conditions considering the Vs30 from previous study (Kuo et al. 2012. The result implies that HVSRs are a better tool than Vs30 to classify the sites where bedrock is deeper than 30 m. Furthermore, we found a linear correlation between Vs30 and dominant HVSR frequency which could be used as a proxy of Vs30. The Vs30 map in this area was derived using the Engineering Geological Database for Taiwan Strong Motion Instrumentation Program (EGDT. The comparable distribution pattern between the dominant frequency and Vs30 demonstrate that HVSR can recognize S-wave velocity properties at the shallow subsurface.
Landstreamer Use for Near-Surface P- and S-Wave Velocities and Poisson's Ratio
Link, C. A.; Speece, M. A.
2006-12-01
Seismic landstreamer use is becomingly increasingly important in shallow seismic investigations where cost or time efficiency is critical. Applications range from locating underground voids to investigating archaeological sites, and recently to determining engineering parameters such as Poisson's ratio and shear modulus. The advantage of a landstreamer is the capability to drag a geophone array from location to location rather than planting individual geophones by hand each time the array is moved. Comparison studies have shown that data quality from landstreamer geophones and conventionally planted spiked geophones is similar and often practically indistinguishable. The Geophysical Engineering Department at Montana Tech has been using seismic landstreamers to aid data collection for projects that use both diving wave tomographic inversion to produce P-wave velocity images and surface wave dispersion inversion to estimate S-wave velocity images. We then use the P-wave and S-wave velocity images to calculate a Poisson's ratio image. All of these are produced from the same set of recorded shot gathers using vertical component, gimbaled geophones in a landstreamer configuration. This combined use of landstreamers and single mode geophones proves to be an extremely efficient method for determining subsurface parameters of interest. We used this approach to image an open-top buried cement structure at a local geophysical test site. The two velocity images and Poisson's ratio image show good agreement with expected values and clearly show the location of the buried structure. We also used this approach to characterize a leaking earthen mine tailings dam. Results from this investigation highlight areas interpreted to be weak zones associated to known leakage locations.
Frequency-dependent attenuation of P and S waves in Yunnan region
WANG Qin-cai; LIU Jie; ZHENG Si-hua; CHEN Zhang-li
2005-01-01
We analyzed digital seismogram data of 5 668 earthquakes that occurred in Yunnan region between July of 1999 and December of 2003. Among the 22 seismic stations, six ones, namely Baoshan, Yongsheng, Lijiang, Heqing,Yimen, and Luquan, were selected and their attenuations of P and S waves were measured by using the extended coda-normalization method. The six stations were classified into three regions according to their location, that is,Baoshan area, Yongsheng-Lijiang-Heqing (YLH) area and Luquan-Yimen (LY) area. The values of Qs-1 and Qp-1are expressed as Qs-1 = 0.008 67f-0.86 , Qp-1 = 0.011 55f-0.93 , Qs-1 = 0.018 24f-0.94 , Qp-1 = 0.022 88f-0.92 , and Qs-1 = 0.016 47f-0.91 , Qp-1 = 0.028 26f-0.97 in Baoshan, YLH, LY areas respectively. The attenuation of YLH, LY are closer to each other, however, Baoshan area is apparently lower. Comparing attenuation in the three areas with other areas of the world using the same method, it is suggested that the attenuations of P and S waves in YLH and LY areas are close to Kanto of Japan, but much higher than southeast of South Korea. The Qs- and Qp- in Baoshan area are slightly higher than southeastern South Korea. Furthermore, the results indicate that our Qs-1 in Yunnan area is close to others by analyzing the coda attenuation.
Neutron capture in s-wave resonances of 56Fe, 58Ni, and 60Ni
The neutron capture widths of s-wave resonances in 56Fe (27.7 keV), 58Ni(15.4 keV) and 60Ni (12.5 keV) have been determined using a setup completely different from previous experiments. A pulsed 3-MV Van de Graaff accelerator and a kinematically collimated neutron beam, produced via the 7Li (p,n) reaction, was used in the experiments. Capture gamma-rays were observed by three Moxon-Rae detectors with graphite-, bismuth-graphite-, and bismuth-converters, respectively. The samples were positioned at a neutron flight path of only 8 cm. Thus events due to capture of resonance scattered neutrons in the detectors or in surrounding materials are completely discriminated by their additional time of flight. The high neutron flux at the sample position allowed the use of very thin samples (0.15 mm-0.45 mm), avoiding large multiple scattering corrections. The data obtained with the individual detectors were corrected for the efficiency of the respective converter materials. For that purpose, detailed theoretical calculations of the capture gamma-ray spectra of the measured isotopes and of gold, which was used as a standard, were performed. The final results are: GAMMAsub(γ)(27.7 keV, 56Fe) = 1.06 +- 0.05 eV, GAMMAsub(γ)(15.4 keV, 58Ni) = 1.53 +- 0.10 eV and GAMMAsub(γ)(12.5 keV, 60Ni) = 2.92 +- 0.19 eV. The accuracy obtained with the present experimental method represents an improvement of a factor 3-6 compared to previous experiments. The investigated s-wave resonances contribute 10-40% to the total capture rate of the respective isotopes in a typical fast reactor. (orig.)
Bruce, William J; Maxwell, E A; Sneddon, I N
1963-01-01
Analytic Trigonometry details the fundamental concepts and underlying principle of analytic geometry. The title aims to address the shortcomings in the instruction of trigonometry by considering basic theories of learning and pedagogy. The text first covers the essential elements from elementary algebra, plane geometry, and analytic geometry. Next, the selection tackles the trigonometric functions of angles in general, basic identities, and solutions of equations. The text also deals with the trigonometric functions of real numbers. The fifth chapter details the inverse trigonometric functions
On Possible S-Wave Bound States for an N-(N) System Within a Constituent Quark Model
CHANG Chao-Hsi; PANG Hou-Rong
2005-01-01
We try to apply a constituent quark model (a variety chiral constituent quark model) and the resonating group approach for the multi-quark problems to compute the effective potential between the NN- in S-wave (the quarks in the nucleons N and N-, and the two nucleons relatively as well, are in S wave) so as to see the possibility if there may be a tight bound state of six quarks as indicated by a strong enhancement at threshold of pp- in J/ψ and B decays. The effective potential which we obtain in terms of the model and approach shows if the experimental enhancement is really caused by a tight S-wave bound state of six quarks, then the quantum number of the bound state is very likely to be I = 1, JPC= 0-+.
Kato, Masaru; Koyama, Tomio; Machida, Masahiko; Kawamata, Shuichi; Ishida, Takekazu, E-mail: kato@ms.osakafu-u.ac.j
2010-11-01
Utilizing phenomenological two-components Ginzburg-Landau equation, we investigate the vortex structures in nano-sized composite structures of d- and s-wave superconductors (d-dot), which shows spontaneous half-quantum magnetic fluxes. Especially, effects of disorders in junctions between d- and s-wave superconductors are investigated. Holes in junction at the corners do not affect the magnetic flux patterns. Although the large hole at the corner changes the position of the flux. A wide disorder along the junction affects the magnetic structures much. At the edges of the non-disordered junction, there appear fractional fluxes.
The suppresion of the superconducting transition temperature of both the d-wave superconductor with nonmagnetic impurities and the s-wave one with magnetic impurities are described by the Abrikosov-Gor'kov formula. Unfortunately, this leads to a lot of confusion in high Tc superconductor community. We compute here a few physical quantities of these 2 systems, which can discriminate two cases without ambiguity. In particular, the immediate appearance of the gapless behavior is a clear signature of d-wave superconductor, while the persistence of the energy gap is the one of s-wave superconductor. (orig.)
S-wave $\\pi - \\pi$ Scattering Lengths in the SU(2) NJL Model Beyond Mean-field Approximation
Huang, Mei(Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, P.R. China); Zhuang, Pengfei; Chao, Weiqin
1999-01-01
The S-wave $\\pi - \\pi$ scattering lengths $a_0$ and $a_2$ are calculated to the lowest order of $1/N_c$ expansion in the general framework of SU(2) NJL model beyond mean-field approximation. It is shown that using the universal curve of $a_0$ and $a_2$ the four NJL parameters, i.e., the current quark mass $m_0$, the four fermion coupling constant $G$, the quark momentum cut-off $\\Lambda_f$ and the meson momentum cut-off $\\Lambda_b$, also the S-wave $\\pi - \\pi$ scattering lengths in NJL model ...
Chutjian, A.; Alajajian, S. H.
1987-01-01
Dissociative electron attachment to F2 has been observed in the energy range 0-140 meV, at a resolution of 6 meV (full width at half maximum). Results show conclusively a sharp, resolution-limited threshold behavior consistent with an s-wave cross section varying as sq rt of epsilon. Two accurate theoretical calculations predict only p-wave behavior varying as the sq rt of epsilon. Several nonadiabatic coupling effects leading to s-wave behavior are outlined.
Federal Laboratory Consortium — NETL’s analytical laboratories in Pittsburgh, PA, and Albany, OR, give researchers access to the equipment they need to thoroughly study the properties of materials...
Flannelly, W. G.; Fabunmi, J. A.; Nagy, E. J.
1981-01-01
Analytical methods for combining flight acceleration and strain data with shake test mobility data to predict the effects of structural changes on flight vibrations and strains are presented. This integration of structural dynamic analysis with flight performance is referred to as analytical testing. The objective of this methodology is to analytically estimate the results of flight testing contemplated structural changes with minimum flying and change trials. The category of changes to the aircraft includes mass, stiffness, absorbers, isolators, and active suppressors. Examples of applying the analytical testing methodology using flight test and shake test data measured on an AH-1G helicopter are included. The techniques and procedures for vibration testing and modal analysis are also described.
Neutron capture widths of s-wave resonances in 56Fe, 5860Ni and 27Al
The neutron capture widths of s-wave resonances in 56Fe (27.7 keV), 58Ni (15.4 keV), 60Ni (12.5 keV) and 27Al (35.3 keV) have been determined, using a setup completely different from LINAC experiments. A pulsed 3 MV Van de Graaff accelerator and the 7Li(p,n) reaction served as a neutron source. The proton energy was adjusted just above the reaction threshold to obtain a kinematically collimated neutron beam. This allowed to position the samples at a flight path as short as approx. 90 mm. Capture events were detected by three Moxon-Rae detectors with graphite, bismuth-graphite and pure bismuth converter, respectively. The measurements were performed relative to a gold standard. The setup allows to discriminate capture of scattered neutrons completely by time of flight and to use very thin samples (0.15 mm) in order to reduce multiple scattering. After correction for deviations of the detector efficiency from a linear increase with gamma-ray energy, the results obtained with different detectors agree within their remaining systematic uncertainty of approx. 5%. Only preliminary results are presented
Robust sky light polarization detection with an S-wave plate in a light field camera.
Zhang, Wenjing; Zhang, Xuanzhe; Cao, Yu; Liu, Haibo; Liu, Zejin
2016-05-01
The sky light polarization navigator has many advantages, such as low cost, no decrease in accuracy with continuous operation, etc. However, current celestial polarization measurement methods often suffer from low performance when the sky is covered by clouds, which reduce the accuracy of navigation. In this paper we introduce a new method and structure based on a handheld light field camera and a radial polarizer, composed of an S-wave plate and a linear polarizer, to detect the sky light polarization pattern across a wide field of view in a single snapshot. Each micro-subimage has a special intensity distribution. After extracting the texture feature of these subimages, stable distribution information of the angle of polarization under a cloudy sky can be obtained. Our experimental results match well with the predicted properties of the theory. Because the polarization pattern is obtained through image processing, rather than traditional methods based on mathematical computation, this method is less sensitive to errors of pixel gray value and thus has better anti-interference performance. PMID:27140364
S-wave pi-K scattering length from lattice QCD
Sasaki, Kiyoshi; Yamazaki, Takeshi; Oka, Makoto
2009-01-01
The $S$-wave $\\pi K$ scattering lengths are calculated for both the isospin 1/2 and 3/2 channels in the lattice QCD by using the finite size formula. We perform the calculation with $N_f=2+1$ gauge configurations generated on $32^3 \\times 64$ lattice using the Iwasaki gauge action and nonperturbatively $O(a)$-improved Wilson action at $1/a = 2.17$ GeV. The quark masses correspond to $m_\\pi = 0.30 - 0.70$ GeV. For $I=1/2$, to separate the contamination from excited states, we construct a $2 \\times 2$ matrix of the time correlation function and diagonalize it. Here, we adopt the two kinds of operators, $\\bar{s}u$ and $\\pi K$. It is found that the signs of the scattering lengths are in agreement with experiment, namely attraction in $I=1/2$ and repulsion in $I=3/2$. We investigate the quark-mass dependence of the scattering lengths and also discuss the limitation of chiral perturbation theory.
Thorium s-wave neutron widths from 21 to 2006 eV
A 232Th total cross section measurement in the resolved resonance region has been requested with a 2% accuracy in order to obtain resonance parameters with a 5% accuracy. These data are required for both fast and light-water breeder reactor studies. Inspection of the prior 232Th differential data base shows several problems: the thermal cross sections seem inconsistent; the measured capture widths have large uncertanties; the two rather complete sets of measured neutron widths are systematically discrepant; and the differential data appear to give Cd capture ratios and shielded-capture resonance integrals smaller than those required by integral measurements. In order to improve the differential data base we have measured neutron transmission spectra through eight samples of 232Th. Resonance parameters have been obtained from these data using the computer code S10B. Fits to these data up to 440 eV, which concentrated on the capture widths, have been previously reported. The results of extending these fits to 2.0 keV are reported and discussed in terms of the s-wave strength function and the dilute-capture resonance integral
Kano, N.; Yamaguchi, K.; Yokota, T.; Kiguchi, T. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan)
1996-10-01
Anisotropy has been investigated using S-wave as a technique for detecting fractures. In this study, fundamental experiments were carried out with slightly changing the measuring conditions at a place where anisotropy was expected. This paper describes the fundamental data acquisition of anisotropy analysis using S-wave, and a part of the results. The experiments were conducted on the agricultural road in Yamadera district, Matsuyama-machi, Yamagata Prefecture. Two flat unpaved roads meeting at right angles were used as traverse lines. In this place, several reflection surfaces were certainly detected by P-wave, and anisotropy of S-wave was confirmed from the velocity of refracted wave of S-wave. Data were processed for individual traverse lines meeting at right angles. Firstly, signal sweeping, correlation, and vertical superposition were made. Six kinds of data were prepared, i.e., three-component receiving records of data at 0{degree} of generating direction and three-component receiving records of data at 90{degree} of generating direction. Records of T-component at 0{degree} and R-component at 90{degree} were used for processing of the seismic reflection method. These records would be considered to be data of SH-wave and SV-wave, respectively. 4 figs.
Measurement of the imaginary part of the I = 1 N-barN S-wave scattering length
The survival time spectrum of slow antineutrons produced in a LH2 target has been measured. From these data the imaginary part of the I = 1 spin averaged S-wave antineutron proton scattering length has been deduced to be Im a1 = -0.83 +- 0.07 fm. The result lies within the range of values calculated from current potential models
S-wave velocity self-adaptive prediction based on a variable dry rock frame equivalent model
Seismic velocities are important reservoir parameters in seismic exploration. The Gassmann theory has been widely used to predict velocities of fluid-saturated isotropic reservoirs at low frequency. According to Gassmann theory, dry rock frame moduli are essential input parameters for estimating reservoir velocities. A variable dry rock frame equivalent model called VDEM based on the differential effective medium (DEM) theory is constructed in this paper to obtain the dry rock frame moduli. We decouple the DEM equations by introducing variable parameters, then simplify these decoupled equations to get the equivalent dry rock fame model. The predicted dry rock frame moduli by the VDEM are in good agreement with the laboratory data. The VDEM is also utilized to predict S-wave velocity combined with Gassmann theory. A self-adaptive inversion method is applied to fit the variable parameters with the constraint of P-wave velocity from well logging data. The S-wave velocity is estimated from these inversed parameters. A comparison between the self-adaptive method and the Xu-White model on S-wave velocity estimation is made. The results corroborate that the self-adaptive method is flexible and effective for S-wave velocity prediction. (paper)
Matsumoto, Satoshi; Hasegawa, Akira [Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)
1996-02-10
This paper investigates the geometry and the features of the midcrustal s wave reflector beneath Nikko-Shirane valcano in detail based on data acquired through seismic observations with a dense station network. The geometry and internal structure of the reflector is discribed.
Sial, S [Department of Mathematics, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Opposite Sector U, DHA, Lahore Cantt. 54792 (Pakistan)
2005-05-01
The application of a Sobolev gradient method for finding vortices in s-wave superconductors via minimization of their Landau-Ginzburg energies is demonstrated in a finite element setting. It is seen that the method is highly efficient while at the same time retaining the simplicity of the steepest descent algorithm.
Two-particle Bc-meson decays with production of S-wave bound states of heavy quarks
In the frame of the standard model of electroweak interactions and nonrelativistic potential model of quarkonia the Bc(O-)-meson branching ratios of two-particle decays with the S-wave levels (cc-bar) and (c-bars) in the final states are calculated
Dynamics of nanoparticules detected at 1 AU by S/WAVES onboard STEREO spacecraft
Belheouane, Soraya; Issautier, Karine; Meyer-Vernet, Nicole; Le Chat, Gaétan; Czechowski, Andrzej; Zaslavsky, Arnaud; Zouganelis, Yannis; Mann, Ingrid
In order to interpret in detail the S/WAVES data on the interplanetary nanodust discovered by STEREO at 1 AU [Meyer-Vernet et al., 2009], we study the dynamics of nanoparticles in the inner interplanetary medium as well as the distribution of their velocities and directions of arrival, with a model based on [Czechowski and Mann, 2012]. We deduce the charges released by their impacts on the STEREO spacecraft at 1 AU and their dependence on the position of the spacecraft on their orbits. The model studies nanoparticles of size equal or smaller than about 70 nm, assumed to be created via collisional fragmentation of dust grains of larger size moving on keplerian orbits, and sublimation of dust, meteoroids and comets. The nanoparticles are released near the Sun with initial velocities close to keplerian, and mainly subjected to the Lorentz force calculated with a simple solar wind model. A part of the nanoparticles is accelerated to high speeds of the order of 300 km/s, thereby providing impact charges between 10(-14) and 10(-11) Cb [Belheouane, 2014] which enable them to be detected by S/WAVES, whereas another part is trapped within about 0.2 AU from the Sun. We discuss how the fluxes and direction of arrival at 1 AU are expected to change in function of the solar cycle. These results enable us to interpret in detail the STEREO/WAVES observations [Zaslavsky et al., 2012]; [Pantellini et al., 2013]; [Le Chat et al., 2013]. Belheouane, S. (2014). Nanoparticules dans le vent solaire, observations spatiales et theorie. PhD thesis, Pierre and Marie Curie University UPMC. Czechowski, A. and Mann, I. (2012). Nanodust Dynamics in Interplanetary Space, chapter Nanodust Dynamics in Interplanetary Space. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Le Chat, G., Zaslavsky, A., Meyer-Vernet, N., Issautier, K., Belheouane, S., Pantellini, F., Maksimovic, M., Zouganelis, I., Bale, S., and Kasper, J. (2013). Interplanetary Nanodust Detection by the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory/WAVES Low
Seif El-Nasr, Magy; Drachen, Anders; Canossa, Alessandro
2013-01-01
Game Analytics has gained a tremendous amount of attention in game development and game research in recent years. The widespread adoption of data-driven business intelligence practices at operational, tactical and strategic levels in the game industry, combined with the integration of quantitative...... measures in user-oriented game research, has caused a paradigm shift. Historically, game development has not been data-driven, but this is changing as the benefits of adopting and adapting analytics to inform decision making across all levels of the industry are becoming generally known and accepted....
Spain, Barry; Ulam, S; Stark, M
1960-01-01
Analytical Quadrics focuses on the analytical geometry of three dimensions. The book first discusses the theory of the plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, straight line, and central quadrics in their standard forms. The idea of the plane at infinity is introduced through the homogenous Cartesian coordinates and applied to the nature of the intersection of three planes and to the circular sections of quadrics. The text also focuses on paraboloid, including polar properties, center of a section, axes of plane section, and generators of hyperbolic paraboloid. The book also touches on homogenous coordi
Pappas, Marjorie L.
1995-01-01
Discusses analytical searching, a process that enables searchers of electronic resources to develop a planned strategy by combining words or phrases with Boolean operators. Defines simple and complex searching, and describes search strategies developed with Boolean logic and truncation. Provides guidelines for teaching students analytical…
S-wave and p-wave scattering in a cold gas of Na and Rb atoms
Ouerdane, H
2008-01-01
Using improved experimentally based $X{}^1\\Sigma^+$ and $a{}^3\\Sigma^+$ molecular potentials of NaRb, published recently by Pashov {\\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 72}, 062505 (2005)], we apply the variable phase method to compute new data for low energy scattering of $^{23}$Na atoms by $^{85}$Rb atoms and $^{87}$Rb atoms. These are scattering lengths and volumes, numbers of bound states and effective ranges. From an analysis of the contributions of s-wave and p-wave scatterings to the elastic cross section we estimate temperatures below which only s-wave scattering is dominant. We supply evidence for the existence of a near zero energy p-wave bound state supported by the singlet molecular potential.
Oades, G C; Matsinos, E; Rasche, G; Woolcock, W S
2007-01-01
We give the conversion equations which lead from experimental values of the 3p -> 1s transition energy in pionic hydrogen and the total width of the 1s level to values of the s-wave threshold scattering parameters for the processes pi- p -> pi- p and pi- p -> pi0 n respectively. Using a three-channel potential model, we then calculate the electromagnetic corrections to these quantities, which remove the effects of the Coulomb interaction, the external mass differences and the presence of the gamma n channel. We give the s-wave scattering parameters obtained from the present experimental data and these electromagnetic corrections. Finally we discuss the implications for isospin invariance.
Snelder, M; Golubov, A A; Asano, Y; Brinkman, A
2015-08-12
To guide experimental work on the search for Majorana zero-energy modes, we calculate the superconducting pairing symmetry of a three-dimensional topological insulator in combination with an s-wave superconductor. We show how the pairing symmetry changes across different topological regimes. We demonstrate that a dominant p-wave pairing relation is not sufficient to realise a Majorana zero-energy mode useful for quantum computation. Our main result is the relation between odd-frequency pairing and Majorana zero energy modes by using Green functions techniques in three-dimensional topological insulators in the so-called Majorana regime. We discuss thereafter how the pairing relations in the different regimes can be observed in the tunneling conductance of an s-wave proximised three-dimensional topological insulator. We discuss the necessity to incorporate a ferromagnetic insulator to localise the zero-energy bound state to the interface as a Majorana mode. PMID:26189576
Role of t-channel meson exchanges in S-wave πN and KN scatterings
WU Feng-Quan; ZHANG Yin-Jie; ZOU Bing-Song
2008-01-01
The low-energy S-wave πN and KN scatterings are studied by using the K-matrix approach within the meson exchange framework.The t-channel meson exchanges,especially ρ and σ exchanges,are found to play a very important role in these two processes.The t-channel ρ exchange determines the isospin structure of the scattering amplitudes,it gives attractive force in the low isospin state but repulsive force in the high isospin state.The t-channel σ exchange gives a very large contribution in these two processes,while it is negligible in meson-meson S-wave scatterings.
Hadronic production of S-wave and P-wave charmed beauty mesons via heavy quark fragmentation
At hadron colliders the dominant production mechanism of (bar bc) mesons with large transverse momentum is due to parton fragmentation. The authors compute in a model-independent way the production rates and transverse momentum spectra for S-wave and P-wave (bar bc) mesons at the Tevatron via the direct fragmentation of the bottom antiquark as well as the Altarelli-Parisi induced gluon fragmentation. Since all the radially and orbitally excited (bar bc) mesons below the BD flavor threshold will cascade into the pseudoscalar ground state Bc through electromagnetic and/or hadronic transitions, they all contribute to the inclusive production of Bc. The contributions of the excited S-wave and P-wave states to the inclusive production of Bc are 58 and 23%, respectively, and hence significant
Toomey; Wilcock; Solomon; Hammond; Orcutt
1998-05-22
Relative travel time delays of teleseismic P and S waves, recorded during the Mantle Electromagnetic and Tomography (MELT) Experiment, have been inverted tomographically for upper-mantle structure beneath the southern East Pacific Rise. A broad zone of low seismic velocities extends beneath the rise to depths of about 200 kilometers and is centered to the west of the spreading center. The magnitudes of the P and S wave anomalies require the presence of retained mantle melt; the melt fraction near the rise exceeds the fraction 300 kilometers off axis by as little as 1%. Seismic anisotropy, induced by mantle flow, is evident in the P wave delays at near-vertical incidence and is consistent with a half-width of mantle upwelling of about 100 km. PMID:9596567
Anomalously low amplitude of S waves produced by the 3D structures in the lower mantle
To, Akiko; Capdeville, Yann; Romanowicz, Barbara
2016-07-01
mostly overlaps with the northern part of the Pacific large low shear velocity province (LLSVP) revealed in tomographic models. Although the very low amplitudes observed at a distance of about 95° remain unexplained, our results indicate that the boundary of the Pacific LLSVP is sharp, and the amplitude of S waves at these large distances is lowered by strong vertical and/or lateral deflection at the boundary toward the interior of the low velocity province.
This book is comprised of nineteen chapters, which describes introduction of analytical chemistry, experimental error and statistics, chemistry equilibrium and solubility, gravimetric analysis with mechanism of precipitation, range and calculation of the result, volume analysis on general principle, sedimentation method on types and titration curve, acid base balance, acid base titration curve, complex and firing reaction, introduction of chemical electro analysis, acid-base titration curve, electrode and potentiometry, electrolysis and conductometry, voltammetry and polarographic spectrophotometry, atomic spectrometry, solvent extraction, chromatograph and experiments.
The division for Analytical Chemistry continued to try and develope an accurate method for the separation of trace amounts from mixtures which, contain various other elements. Ion exchange chromatography is of special importance in this regard. New separation techniques were tried on certain trace amounts in South African standard rock materials and special ceramics. Methods were also tested for the separation of carrier-free radioisotopes from irradiated cyclotron discs
Bagus Jaya Santosa
2008-09-01
Full Text Available This research investigates earth structure beneath the Southwest North America landmass, especially between Mexico and California. Models based on S wave velocities for this area were obtained by carrying out seismogram fitting in time domain and three Cartesian components simultaneously. The data used is from an event, coded as C052297B that occurred in the state of Guerrero, Mexico and it was fitted to synthetic data computed with the GEMINI program at TS network stations. Earth model IASPEI91 and SPREM were used as input to create the synthetic data. Real and synthetic seismograms were subjected to a low-pass filter with a frequency corner of 20 mHz.Waveform analysis results show very unsystematic and strong deviations in the waveform, arrival times, amount of oscillation and the height of the wave amplitude. Discrepancies are met on S, Love, Rayleigh and ScS waves, where the stations epicentral distances are below 300. Deviation in analysis waveform because of the usage of model 1-D of SPREM and IASPEI91, because the 1-D was a kind of average value an elastic property at one particular depth of global earth. With the method of waveform analysis we can see how sensitive waveform is to structures within the layers of the Earth.To explain the discrepancies, a correction to the earth structure is essential. The corrections account for the thickness of the crust, speed gradient of bh, the coefficient for the bh and bv in the upper mantle for surface wave fitting, a small variation of the S speed structure at a layer under the upper mantle above 771 km for S wave fitting, and a small variation at the base the mantle layers for ScS wave fitting. At some stations, a correction for S speed structure have yielded P wave fitting. Results of this research indicate that the 1-D earth model obtained through seismogram fitting at every hypocenter-observation station pair is unique. The S-wave velocity on the upper mantle has strong negative anomalies. This
ANTI-PLANE ANALYSIS FOR ELLIPTICAL INCLUSION IN MAGNETOELECTROELASTIC MATERIALS
Gang Li; Baolin Wang; Jiecai Han; Shanyi Du
2009-01-01
This paper considers the multi-field coupling in magneroelectroelastic composite materials consisting of the inclusion and the matrix are magnetoelectroelastic materials. The mechanical, electric and magnetic fields around an elliptical cylinder inclusion are formulated by complex potentials. Inside the inclusion, the strain, electric and magnetic fields are found to be uniform and vary with the shape of the ellipse. When the inclusion is reduced to a crack, along the interface, the strain, electric field strength and magnetic field strength equal the corresponding remote ones, which can be used as the boundary condition. Special cases, such as a rigid and permeable inclusion, a soft and impermeable inclusion, a line inclusion and a crack problem are discussed in detail.
The paper concerns the physical principles behind the analytical techniques employing high energy ion microbeams, with special attention to features that affect their use with microbeams. Particle-induced x-ray emission (PIXIE) is discussed with respect to X-ray production, thick-target PIXIE, a microbeam PIXIE system, sensitivity, and microbeam PIXIE applications. An explanation of nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) is given for NRA with charged particle detection, NRA with neutron detection and NRA with gamma detection. The essentials of Rutherford back scattering (RBS) are given, along with the elastic recoil detection analysis, which has very close connections with RBS but was introduced much more recently. Finally a comparison of the microbeam's capability with those of its main competitors is presented. (UK)
Kato, M., E-mail: kato@ms.osakafu-u.ac.j [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1, Gakuencho, Nakaku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); JST-CREST, 5, Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Koyama, T. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); JST-CREST, 5, Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Machida, M. [CCSE, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Higashi Ueno 6-9-3, Tokyo 110-0015 (Japan); JST-CREST, 5, Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Ishida, T. [Department of Physics and Electronics, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuencho, Nakaku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); JST-CREST, 5, Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)
2009-10-15
Composite superconducting structures with d- and s-wave superconductors, d-dots, can be used as two state devices. Their functions depend on structures of the spontaneous magnetic field, which appears because of the anisotropy of d-wave superconductivity. Solving two-components Ginzburg-Landau equation, we have investigated magnetic field structures for d-dots with smaller and larger holes around the corners of d-wave superconducting region. And we argued the effect of holes on the magnetic structures.
Measurement of the imaginary part of the I = 1 N-barN S-wave scattering length
The survival time spectrum of slow antineutrons produced in a liquid-hydrogen target has been measured. From these data the imaginary part of the I = 1 spin-averaged S-wave antineutron proton scattering length has been deduced to be Ima1 = -0.83 +- 0.07 fm. The result lies within the range of values calculated from current potential models. In addition, by combining a1 with the antiproton-proton scattering length deduced from antiprotonic atoms, the imaginary part of the I = 0 spin-averaged N-barN scattering length was calculated to be Ima0 = -1.07 +- 0.16 fm
P and S Waves Traversing Beneath Western Japan and the Shape of the Subducting Philippine Sea Plate
Kuge, K.; Fukuda, T.
2011-12-01
We show the characteristics of P and S waves traversing beneath western Japan, which can provide constraints on the shape of the subducting Philippine Sea plate. The subduction of the Philippine Sea plate causes megathrust earthquakes along the Nankai trough in western Japan. The complicated shape of the subducting plate can affect the spatial variation of the plate coupling as well as the recurrence of great interplate earthquakes. For slab earthquakes at depths of about 45 km in northwestern Shikoku, we observe two arrivals of P wave at the NIED Hi-net stations in the azimuth range from the north to the east. The apparent velocities are about 8 and 6.7 km/s, corresponding to P velocities in the mantle and crust, respectively. Dominant S waves propagate by apparent velocity of about 3.8 km/s, being S velocity in the crust. These observations are in agreement with those of Oda et al. (1990) and Ohkura (2000) using a smaller number of local stations. The P and S waves propagating at the slow apparent velocities can be modeled by horizontally layered structure if the earthquakes are located within a low-velocity layer spanning the stations. The thick low-velocity layer can be a stack of the continental crust of the Eurasian plate and the oceanic crust of the Philippine Sea plate subducting nearly subhorizontally (Oda et al., 1990; Ohkura, 2000). The P and S waves with the slow apparent velocities are observable at distances up to about 300 km. On the other hand, they are not observed or observable only at small distances in the western side of the epicenters. The spatial characteristics can be used to constrain the geometry of the low-velocity layer associated with the shape of the oceanic crust of the Philippine Sea plate. We observe two arrivals of P wave in the eastern side of the Kii Peninsula for slab earthquakes beneath Shikoku. Both apparent velocities are in a range of P velocity in the mantle. There appear two ray paths of P wave propagating in the mantle
Above threshold s-wave resonances illustrated by the 1/2$^+$ states in $^9$Be and $^9$B
Garrido, E; Fedorov, D. V.; Jensen, A. S.
2010-01-01
We solve the persistent problem of the structure of the lowest $1/2^+$ resonance in $^9$Be which is important to bridge the A=8 gap in nucleosynthesis in stars. We show that the state is a genuine three-body resonance even though it decays entirely into neutron-$^8$Be relative s-waves. The necessary barrier is created by "dynamical" evolution of the wave function as the short-distance $\\alpha$-$^5$He structure is changed into the large-distance n-$^8$Be structure. This decay mechanism leads t...
Higher-order relativistic corrections to gluon fragmentation into spin-triplet S-wave quarkonium
Bodwin, Geoffrey T; Lee, Jungil
2012-01-01
We compute the relative-order-v^4 contribution to gluon fragmentation into quarkonium in the 3S1 color-singlet channel, using the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) factorization approach. The QCD fragmentation process contains infrared divergences that produce single and double poles in epsilon in 4-2epsilon dimensions. We devise subtractions that isolate the pole contributions, which ultimately are absorbed into long-distance NRQCD matrix elements in the NRQCD matching procedure. The matching procedure involves two-loop renormalizations of the NRQCD operators. The subtractions are integrated over the phase space analytically in 4-2epsilon dimensions, and the remainder is integrated over the phase-space numerically. We find that the order-v^4 contribution is enhanced relative to the order-v^0 contribution. However, the order-v^4 contribution is not important numerically at the current level of precision of quarkonium-hadroproduction phenomenology. We also estimate the contribution to hadroproduction from gluon frag...
Tunnel effect of fractal fault and transient S-wave velocity rupture (TSVR) of in-plane shear fault
无
1999-01-01
Transient S-wave velocity rupture (TSVR) means the velocity of fault rupture propagation is between S-wave velocity βand P-wave velocity α. Its existing in the rupture of in-plane (i.e. strike-slip) fault has been proved, but in 2-dimensional classical model, there are two difficulties in transient S-wave velocity rupture, i.e., initialization difficulty and divergence difficulty in interpreting the realization of TSVR. The initialization difficulty means, when v↑vR (Rayleigh wave velocity), the dynamic stress strength factor K2(t)→+0, and changes from positive into negative in the interval (vR,β). How v transit the forbidden of (vR,β)? The divergence difficulty means K2(t)→+ when v↓. Here we introduce the concept of fractal and tunnel effect that exist everywhere in fault. The structure of all the faults is fractal with multiple cracks. The velocity of fault rupture is differentiate of the length of the fault respect to time, so the rupture velocity is also fractal. The tunnel effect means the dynamic rupture crosses over the interval of the cracks, and the coalescence of the intervals is slower than the propagation of disturbance. Suppose the area of earthquake nucleation is critical or sub-critical propagation everywhere, the arriving of disturbance triggers or accelerates the propagation of cracks tip at once, and the observation system cannot distinguish the front of disturbance and the tip of fracture. Then the speed of disturbance may be identified as fracture velocity, and the phenomenon of TSVR appears, which is an apparent velocity. The real reason of apparent velocity is that the mathematics model of shear rupture is simplified of complex process originally. The dual character of rupture velocity means that the apparent velocity of fault and the real velocity of micro-crack extending, which are different in physics, but are unified in rupture criterion. Introducing the above-mentioned concept to the calculation of K2 (t), the difficulty of
Soliman, Mohammad Youssof Ahmad; Yuan, Xiaohui; Tilmann, Frederik;
2015-01-01
We present a 3D high-resolution seismic model of the southwestern Africa region from teleseismic tomographic inversion of the P- and S- wave data recorded by the amphibious WALPASS network. We used 40 temporary stations in southwestern Africa with records for a period of 2 years (the OBS operated...... related to the impact of asthenosphere-lithosphere interaction, (plume-related features), on the continental areas and the evolution of the continent-ocean transition that followed the break-up of Gondwana. This process is supposed to leave its imprint as distinct seismic signature in the upper mantle......, probably related to surficial suture zones and the presence of fertile material. A shallower depth extent of the lithospheric plate of ∼100 km was observed beneath the ocean, consistent with plate-cooling models. In addition to tomographic images, the seismic anisotropy measurements within the upper mantle...
Characterization of U.S. Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Test Sites: A Catalogue of Met-Ocean Data.
Dallman, Ann Renee; Neary, Vincent Sinclair
2014-10-01
This report presents met - ocean data and wave energy characteristics at three U.S. wave energy converter (WEC) test and potential deployment sites . Its purpose is to enable the compari son of wave resource characteristics among sites as well as the select io n of test sites that are most suitable for a developer's device and that best meet their testing needs and objectives . It also provides essential inputs for the design of WEC test devices and planning WEC tests, including the planning of deployment and op eration s and maintenance. For each site, this report catalogues wave statistics recommended in the (draft) International Electrotechnical Commission Technical Specification (IEC 62600 - 101 TS) on Wave Energy Characterization, as well as the frequency of oc currence of weather windows and extreme sea states, and statistics on wind and ocean currents. It also provides useful information on test site infrastructure and services .
The leading twist light-cone distribution amplitudes for the S-wave and P-wave Bc mesons
Xu, Ji
2016-01-01
The light-cone distribution amplitudes (LCDAs) serve as important non-perturbative inputs for the study of hard exclusive processes. In this paper, we calculate ten LCDAs at twist-2 for the S-wave and P-wave Bc mesons up to the next-to-leading order (NLO) of the strong coupling alpha_s and leading order of the velocity expansion. Each one of these ten LCDAs is expressed as a product of a perturbatively calculable distribution and a universal NRQCD matrix-element. By use of spin symmetry, only two NRQCD matrix-elements will be involved. The reduction of the number of non-perturbative inputs will improve the predictive power of collinear factorization.
Hejrani, Babak
2014-01-01
north. The UMVB was resolved in P-and S-velocity as well as the VP/VS anomaly. From the Oslo Graben the UMVB follows the western edge of the Trans-scandinavian Igneous Belt to the Atlantic coast, from where where it continues northward sub-parallel to the coast. Third study compiled all data in the......This dissertation deals with the resolution of P- and S-velocity variations in the upper mantle (down to 600 km) using teleseismic P- and S-wave arrival times. The natural laboratory is the land areas bordering the North Atlantic; the Scandinavian and East Greenland Caledonides and the Northern...... first two studies with permanent station data from the North Atlantic and Greenland, and a dense temporary profile, the East Greenland Caledonian Central Fjord Array (EGCFA). EGCFA resolves low upper-mantle velocities close to the east coast of Greenland and high mantle velocities below the high...
Yu, T.; Wu, M. W.
2016-05-01
We show that gapped triplet superconductivity, i.e., a triplet superconductor with a triplet order parameter, can be realized in strong spin-orbit-coupled (100) quantum wells in proximity to an s -wave superconductor. It is revealed that in quantum wells with the singlet order parameter induced from the superconducting proximity effect, not only can the triplet pairings arise due to spin-orbit coupling, but the triplet order parameter can also be induced due to the repulsive effective electron-electron interaction, including the electron-electron Coulomb and electron-phonon interactions. This is a natural extension of the work of de Gennes, in which the repulsive-interaction-induced singlet order parameter arises in normal metal in proximity to an s -wave superconductor [Rev. Mod. Phys. 36, 225 (1964), 10.1103/RevModPhys.36.225]. Specifically, we derive the effective Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation, in which the self-energies due to the effective electron-electron interactions contribute to the singlet and triplet order parameters. It is further shown that for the singlet order parameter, it is efficiently suppressed due to this self-energy renormalization, whereas for the triplet order parameter it is the p -wave (px±i py ) one with the d vector parallel to the effective magnetic field due to the spin-orbit coupling. Finally, we perform a numerical calculation in InSb (100) quantum wells. Specifically, we reveal that the Coulomb interaction is much more important than the electron-phonon interaction at low temperature. Moreover, it is shown that with proper electron density, the minimum of the renormalized singlet and the maximum of the induced triplet order parameters are comparable, and hence they can be experimentally distinguished.
Analytical study on holographic superfluid in AdS soliton background
Lai, Chuyu; Pan, Qiyuan; Jing, Jiliang; Wang, Yongjiu
2016-06-01
We analytically study the holographic superfluid phase transition in the AdS soliton background by using the variational method for the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem. By investigating the holographic s-wave and p-wave superfluid models in the probe limit, we observe that the spatial component of the gauge field will hinder the phase transition. Moreover, we note that, different from the AdS black hole spacetime, in the AdS soliton background the holographic superfluid phase transition always belongs to the second order and the critical exponent of the system takes the mean-field value in both s-wave and p-wave models. Our analytical results are found to be in good agreement with the numerical findings.
Hayashida, T.; Yoshimi, M.; Horikawa, H.
2014-12-01
We have applied seismic interferometry to three-component ambient noise data recorded around the Ise bay area, central Japan, to validate published three-dimensional S-wave velocity models. For the bay area, detailed seismic velocity structure models have been constructed based on P-wave reflection surveys. There is no direct information on the S-wave velocities beneath the bay and the parameters are assigned by reference to those in a land area. We used one-year continuous data from 20 permanent stations of the NIED Hi-net (High-sensitivity seismograph network) to obtain stacked cross-correlation functions (CCFs) of ambient noise between station pairs that cross the bay. The CCFs were calculated, using one-hour data in the radial-radial (R-R), transverse-transverse (T-T) and vertical-vertical (Z-Z) directions for time lags of ±500s. Horizontal distances between the stations range form 15 km to 103 km. Although the Hi-net stations deploy seismometers with the natural period of 1 s, we found that the yearly stacked CCFs for selected 101 Hi-net station pairs are comparable with those derived from neighboring broadband seismic stations in the frequency range between 0.1 and 0.5 Hz, by deconvolving the instrument response. The CCFs shows clear Rayleigh waves from all directions in the R-R and Z-Z components, and clear Love waves in the T-T component with reasonable signal-to-noise ratios. The derived group velocities and waveforms of the wave trains are variable in the higher frequency range (> 0.2 Hz), indicating deep sedimentary basin beneath the bay. We compared obtained group velocities with theoretical ones to find systematic differences between the expected structure model from the CCFs and the published models in the northwest part of the bay, while the agreements are generally good for many other station pairs. This result indicates that the seismic interferometry technique provides valuable information for validation and improvement of a velocity structure
MacNeill, Sheila; Campbell, Lorna M.; Hawksey, Martin
2014-01-01
This article presents an overview of the development and use of analytics in the context of education. Using Buckingham Shum's three levels of analytics, the authors present a critical analysis of current developments in the domain of learning analytics, and contrast the potential value of analytics research and development with real world…
Relativistic Corrections to the Exclusive Decays of C-even Bottomonia into S-wave Charmonium Pairs
Sang, Wen-Long; Kim, U-Rae; Lee, Jungil
2011-01-01
Within the nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics (NRQCD) factorization formalism, we compute the relativistic corrections to the exclusive decays of bottomonia with even charge conjugation parity into $S$-wave charmonium pairs at leading order in the strong coupling constant. Relativistic corrections are resummed for a class of color-singlet contributions to all orders in the charm-quark velocity $v_c$ in the charmonium rest frame. Almost every process that we consider in this work has negative relativistic corrections ranging from -20 to -35,%. Among the various processes, the relativistic corrections of the next-to-leading order in $v_c$ to the decay rate for $\\chi_{b2}\\to \\eta_c(mS)+\\eta_c(nS)$ with $m,$ $n=1$ or 2 are very large. In every case, the resummation of the relativistic corrections enhances the rate in comparison with the next-to-leading-order results. We compare our results with available predictions based on the NRQCD factorization formalism. The NRQCD predictions are significantly smaller th...
The φ(1020)a0(980) S-wave scattering and hints for a new vector-isovector resonance
We have studied the φ(1020)a0(980) S-wave scattering at threshold energies employing chiral Lagrangians coupled to vector mesons by minimal coupling. The interaction is described without new free parameters by considering the scalar isovector a0(980) resonance as dynamically generated in coupled channels and demanding that the recently measured e+e-→φ(1020)f0(980) cross section is reproduced. For some values of a parameter obtained by fitting the latter reaction cross section, and taking the a0(980) pole position and residues from two previous studies, the presence of a dynamically generated isovector companion of the Y(2175) is revealed. We have also investigated the corrections to the e+e-→φ(1020)π0η cross section that arise from φ(1020)a0(980) rescattering in the final state. They are large and lead to considerable modifications of the cross section in absolute value and energy dependence. Moreover, when a φ(1020)a0(980) resonance is present, it shows up as a clear resonant peak at √(s)∼2.03 GeV in e+e-→φ(1020)π0η from the φ(1020)a0(980) final-state interactions.
Anisotropic s-wave superconductivity in graphite intercalation compounds: CaC6 and SrC6
We have investigated the anisotropy of the superconducting properties for newly-discovered superconducting graphite intercalation compounds, CaC6 and SrC6 using specific heat (Cp). The electronic Cp for CaC6 shows an exponential temperature dependence at low temperatures, consistent with a fully gapped s-wave superconducting order parameter. However, the detailed comparison with an isotropic superconducting gap model shows significant deviation between experiment and theory. From the magnetic field dependence of Cp, the anisotropy of upper critical fields (Hc2) for CaC6 is ∝5, consistent with that obtained from the magnetic field dependence of Sommerfeld coefficient, but much larger than that of SrC6. In comparison with electronic structure calculations, we found that the isotropic gap model cannot explain observed superconducting properties, suggesting significant anisotropy in the superconducting gap for both CaC6 and SrC6. Recent investigations on a directional point-contact spectroscopy on CaC6 along the c-axis and ab-plane are also discussed
Resummation of in-medium ladder diagrams: s-wave effective range and p-wave interaction
A recent work on the resummation of fermionic in-medium ladder diagrams to all orders is extended by considering the effective range correction in the s-wave interaction and a (spin-independent) p-wave contact-interaction. A two-component recursion generates the in-medium T-matrix at any order when off-shell terms spoil the factorization of multi-loop diagrams. The resummation to all orders is achieved in the form of a geometrical series for the particle-particle ladders, and through an arctangent-function for the combined particle-particle and hole-hole ladders. One finds that the effective range correction changes the results in the limit of large scattering length considerably, with the effect that the Bertsch parameter ξ n nearly doubles. Applications to the equation of state of neutron matter at low density are also discussed. For the p-wave contact-interaction the resummation to all orders is facilitated by decomposing tensorial loop-integrals with a transversal and a longitudinal projector. The enhanced attraction provided by the p-wave ladder series has its origin mainly in the coherent sum of Hartree and Fock contributions. (orig.)
Observations have been performed for electromagnetic transitions from the broad s-wave neutron resonances at 658 keV in 24Mg, at 180 keV in 28Si, and at 103 keV in 32S. Capture gamma rays were measured with an anti-Compton NaI(Tl) detector, using a neutron time-of-flight technique. E1 and M1 transitions from those resonances to low-lying states with a strong single-particle character were found. The deduced partial radiative widths for E1 transition are in excellent agreement with the Lane-Mughabghab valence-capture model calculations taking the neutron effective charge, -Ze/A. Moreover, it is shown that essential features of the observed E1 and M1 transitions can be well explained by assuming a configuration-mixing wave function, Ψi(1/2+)=a(0+direct-product 1/2+)+b(1+direct-product 1/2+)+c(1+direct-product 3/2+), for each resonance. The M1 transition strengths are compared also with more detailed shell model calculations in the model space of full (sd)n configurations, using the Wildenthal effective interaction
Karagoz, Ozlem; Chimoto, Kosuke; Citak, Seckin; Ozel, Oguz; Yamanaka, Hiroaki; Hatayama, Ken
2015-11-01
In this study, we aimed to explore the S-wave velocity structure of shallow soils using microtremors in order to estimate site responses in Tekirdag and surrounding areas (NW Turkey). We collected microtremor array data at 44 sites in Tekirdag, Marmara Ereglisi, Corlu, and Muratlı. The phase velocities of Rayleigh waves were estimated from the microtremor data using a Spatial Autocorrelation method. Then, we applied a hybrid genetic simulated annealing algorithm to obtain a 1D S-wave velocity structure at each site. Comparison between the horizontal-to-vertical ratio of microtremors and computed ellipticities of the fundamental mode Rayleigh waves showed good agreement with validation models. The depth of the engineering bedrock changed from 20 to 50 m in the Tekirdag city center and along the coastline with a velocity range of 700-930 m/s, and it ranged between 10 and 65 m in Marmara Ereglisi. The average S-wave velocity of the engineering bedrock was 780 m/s in the region. We obtained average S-wave velocities in the upper 30 m to compare site amplifications. Empirical relationships between the AVs30, the site amplifications, and also average topographic slopes were established for use in future site effects microzonation studies in the region.
Beilecke, Thies; Krawczyk, Charlotte M.; Tanner, David C.; Ziesch, Jennifer; Research Group Protect
2014-05-01
Compressional wave (P-wave) reflection seismic field measurements are a standard tool for subsurface exploration. 2-D seismic measurements are often used for overview measurements, but also as near-surface supplement to fill gaps that often exist in 3-D seismic data sets. Such supplementing 2-D measurements are typically simple with respect to field layout. This is an opportunity for the use of shear waves (S-waves). Within the last years, S-waves have become more and more important. One reason is that P- and S-waves are differently sensitive to fluids and pore fill so that the additional S-wave information can be used to enhance lithological studies. Another reason is that S-waves have the advantage of higher spatial resolution. Within the same signal bandwidth they typically have about half the wavelength of P-waves. In near-surface unconsolidated sediments they can even enhance the structural resolution by one order of magnitude. We make use of these capabilities within the PROTECT project. In addition to already existing 2-D P-wave data, we carried out a near surface 2-D S-wave field survey at the CO2CRC Otway Project pilot site, close to Warrnambool, Australia in November 2013. The combined analysis of P-wave and S-wave data is used to construct a Poisson's Ratio 2-D model down to roughly 600 m depth. The Poisson's ratio values along a 1 km long profile at the site are surprisingly high, ranging from 0.47 in the carbonate-dominated near surface to 0.4 at depth. In the literature, average lab measurements of 0.22 for unfissured carbonates and 0.37 for fissured examples have been reported. The high values that we found may indicate areas of rather unconsolidated or fractured material, or enhanced fluid contents, and will be subject of further studies. This work is integrated in a larger workflow towards prediction of CO2 leakage and monitoring strategies for subsurface storage in general. Acknowledgement: This work was sponsored in part by the Australian
Three-dimensional S-wave structure of the upper mantle beneath Turkey from surface wave tomography
Bakırcı, Taciser; Yoshizawa, Kazunori; Özer, Mithat Fırat
2012-08-01
A 3-D upper-mantle structure beneath Turkey is investigated using phase speeds of fundamental-mode Rayleigh waves employing a conventional two-station method with high-density seismic networks in Turkey. We analyse 289 seismic events with moment magnitude 5.5 and greater, and with focal depth shallower than 100 km between 2006 and 2008. Waveform data are derived from 164 three-component broad-band seismic stations operated by two national seismic networks. At first, Rayleigh-wave phase speed maps are obtained from the inversion of two-station phase speeds using about 1000-3000 paths, depending on the period of Rayleigh waves. The three-dimensional S-wave model is then obtained in the depth range from 40 to 180 km using the phase speed maps in the period range from 25 to 120 s. Our model reveals the fast anomalies in the north of Cyprus associated with the subducted portion of the African oceanic lithosphere from the Cyprus trench. We identify a vertical discontinuity of the fast anomaly associated with the Cyprus slab starting at 60-80 km depth which may represent a minor tear of the Cyprus slab. We observed that the western part of the Cyprus slab is getting closer to the edge of the Hellenic slab beneath the Isparta Angle (IA) and Antalya Basin. Our model also indicates a slow wave speed anomaly beneath the IA and Antalya Basin probably due to hot materials of asthenosphere rising from a tear of the subducted African oceanic lithosphere; that is, a slab tear between the Cyprus and the Hellenic subductions. In the eastern part of Turkey, a widespread slow anomaly appears in the model that corresponds to the Eastern Anatolian Accretionary Complex (EAAC). Our model shows a fast anomaly beneath the EAAC that can be interpreted as the detached portion of the subducted Arabian lithosphere.
C. Zaroli
2013-06-01
Full Text Available In a linear ill-posed inverse problem, the regularisation parameter (damping controls the balance between minimising both the residual data misfit and the model norm. Poor knowledge of data uncertainties often makes the selection of damping rather arbitrary. To go beyond that subjectivity, an objective rationale for the choice of damping is presented, which is based on the coherency of delay-time estimates in different frequency bands. Our method is tailored to the problem of global Multiple-Frequency Tomography (MFT, using a data set of 287 078 S-wave delay-times measured in five frequency bands (10, 15, 22, 34, 51 s central periods. Whereas for each ray path the delay-time estimates should vary coherently from one period to the other, the noise most likely is not coherent. Thus, the lack of coherency of the information in different frequency bands is exploited, using an analogy with the cross-validation method, to identify models dominated by noise. In addition, a sharp change of behaviour of the model ℓ∞-norm, as the damping becomes lower than a threshold value, is interpreted as the signature of data noise starting to significantly pollute at least one model component. Models with damping larger than this threshold are diagnosed as being constructed with poor data exploitation. Finally, a preferred model is selected from the remaining range of permitted model solutions. This choice is quasi-objective in terms of model interpretation, as the selected model shows a high degree of similarity with almost all other permitted models (correlation superior to 98% up to spherical harmonic degree 80. The obtained tomographic model is displayed in mid lower-mantle (660–1910 km depth, and is shown to be compatible with three other recent global shear-velocity models. A wider application of the presented rationale should permit us to converge towards more objective seismic imaging of the Earth's mantle.
Croatian Analytical Terminology
Kastelan-Macan; M.
2008-01-01
Results of analytical research are necessary in all human activities. They are inevitable in making decisions in the environmental chemistry, agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, pharmaceutical industry, and biochemistry. Without analytical measurements the quality of materials and products cannot be assessed, so that analytical chemistry is an essential part of technical sciences and disciplines.The language of Croatian science, and analytical chemistry within it, was one of the goals...
Kim, Seyong; Allton, Chris; Lombardo, Maria Paola; Oktay, Mehmet B; Ryan, Sinead M; Sinclair, Donald K; Skullerud, Jon-Ivar
2012-01-01
Using Non-Relativistic QCD (NRQCD), we study heavy quark mass dependence of S-wave and P-wave bottomonium correlators for 0.42Tc <= T <= 2.09Tc and study spectral functions of S-wave bottomonium states moving in a thermal bath at these temperatures using Maximum Entropy Method with NRQCD kernel. For the studied momentum range, the energy of moving states shows quadratic momentum-dependence and the width of moving states does not show significant changes as the momentum of bottomonium is increased. Also, we find that in correlator ratios, the temperature effect is larger than the effect caused by 20% change in the bottom quark mass.
Williams, R.A.; Stephenson, W.J.; Frankel, A.D.; Odum, J.K.
1999-01-01
We measured P-and S-wave seismic velocities to about 40-m depth using seismic-refraction/reflection data on the ground surface at 13 sites in the Seattle, Washington, urban area, where portable digital seismographs recently recorded earthquakes. Sites with the lowest measured Vs correlate with highest ground motion amplification. These sites, such as at Harbor Island and in the Duwamish River industrial area (DRIA) south of the Kingdome, have an average Vs in the upper 30 m (V??s30) of 150 to 170 m/s. These values of V??s30 place these sites in soil profile type E (V??s30 seismic reflections at several locations appear to correspond to strong resonances observed in earthquake spectra. An S-wave reflector at the Kingdome at about 17 to 22 m depth probably causes strong 2-Hz resonance that is observed in the earthquake data near the Kingdome.
Highlights: ► We study non-magnetic impurity effect on a vortex in moderately clean regime. ► Impurity effect on s-wave vortex core in unitary limit is weaker than in Born one. ► Kramer–Pesch vortex core shrinkage is stronger in unitary limit than in Born one. -- Abstract: We theoretically investigate a non-magnetic impurity effect on the temperature dependence of the vortex core shrinkage (Kramer–Pesch effect) in a single-band s-wave superconductor. The Born limit and the unitary limit scattering are compared within the framework of the quasiclassical theory of superconductivity. We find that the impurity effect inside a vortex core in the unitary limit is weaker than in the Born one when a system is in the moderately clean regime, which results in a stronger core shrinkage in the unitary limit than in the Born one
Leandro Jose Guerra
1998-06-01
Full Text Available Evidence of non-s-wave superconductivity from normal tunneling experiments in bulk tunneling junctions of YBa2Cu3O7-δ is presented. The I-V and dI/dV characteristics of bulk superconducting tunneling junctions of YBa2Cu3O7-δ have been measured at 77.0K and clear deviation from s-wave superconducting behavior has been observed. The result agrees with d-wave symmetry, and interpreting the data in this way, the magnitude of the superconducting energy gap, 2Δ, is found to be (0.038 ± 0.002 eV. Comparing this energy gap with Tc (2Δ/kB Tc = 5.735, indicates that these high-Tc superconductors are strongly correlated materials, which in contrast with BCS-superconductors are believed to be weakly correlated.
Hayashi, Nobuhiko, E-mail: n-hayashi@21c.osakafu-u.ac.jp [NanoSquare Research Center (N2RC), Osaka Prefecture University, 1-2 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai 599-8570 (Japan); CREST(JST), 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Higashi, Yoichi [NanoSquare Research Center (N2RC), Osaka Prefecture University, 1-2 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai 599-8570 (Japan); Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai 599-8531 (Japan); CREST(JST), 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Nakai, Noriyuki; Suematsu, Hisataka [NanoSquare Research Center (N2RC), Osaka Prefecture University, 1-2 Gakuen-cho, Naka-ku, Sakai 599-8570 (Japan); CREST(JST), 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)
2013-01-15
Highlights: ► We study non-magnetic impurity effect on a vortex in moderately clean regime. ► Impurity effect on s-wave vortex core in unitary limit is weaker than in Born one. ► Kramer–Pesch vortex core shrinkage is stronger in unitary limit than in Born one. -- Abstract: We theoretically investigate a non-magnetic impurity effect on the temperature dependence of the vortex core shrinkage (Kramer–Pesch effect) in a single-band s-wave superconductor. The Born limit and the unitary limit scattering are compared within the framework of the quasiclassical theory of superconductivity. We find that the impurity effect inside a vortex core in the unitary limit is weaker than in the Born one when a system is in the moderately clean regime, which results in a stronger core shrinkage in the unitary limit than in the Born one.
贾伟; 豆福全; 孙建安; 段文山
2015-01-01
We investigate the tunneling dynamics of the Fermi gases in an optical lattice in the Bose–Einstein condensation (BEC) regime. The three critical scattering lengths and the system energies are found in different cases of Josephson os-cillation (JO), oscillating-phase-type self-trapping (OPTST), running-phase-type self-trapping (RPTST), and self-trapping (ST). It is found that the s-wave scattering lengths have a crucial role on the tunneling dynamics. By adjusting the scattering length in the adiabatic condition, the transition probability changes with the adiabatic periodicity and a rectangular periodic pattern emerges. The periodicity of the rectangular wave depends on the system parameters such as the periodicity of the adjustable parameter, the s-wave scattering length.
Akimova, T.; Marthelot, J.-M.; Zillmer, M.
2012-04-01
We have performed several seismic P and S waves profiles in Keuper layers outcropping on the shoulders of the Rhine Graben in order to investigate if the lithological and structural heterogeneity that characterize these layers can be detected at depths less than 100m. These shale and limestone layers contain anhydrite levels and are offset by faults that constitute potential hazards for shallow geothermal drilling. 7 short profiles have been done in the Keuper layers outcropping in Grünern (Baden-Württemberg), and 3 profiles in similar layers outcropping on the opposite shoulder of the Rhine Graben in Flexbourg (Alsace) where ancient gypsum mining is known. We are using a hammer and between 48 to 72 vertical geophones for the P profiles, an Elvis horizontal vibrator (30-160 Hz) and 48 to 72 horizontal geophones for the S profiles. Intervals between geophones and shots varying from 50 cm to 2 m were used. For each profile, the recording spread is at a fixed location. First refracted arrivals are observed up to the maximum offset of 100m. Travel times are adjusted with a layered model with dipping interfaces. The surface layer is characterized by a thickness from 1 to 7 m and velocities VP = 300 m/s and VS = 160 m/s. The underlying layer is characterized by a thickness from 6 to 10 m and velocities VP = 880 m/s and VS = 360 m/s. P velocity larger than 2000 m/s is observed below. The first arrivals indicate the existence of shallow lateral velocity variations. Undulations of the interfaces or the presence of low velocity lenses in the shallow layer are apparent in the refracted arrival times. Strong reflections of refracted waves observed on one profile indicate the existence of steep discontinuities that may indicate subvertical faults. Despite using small spatial sampling of shots and geophones, it has proven difficult to detect shallow reflections except on one P wave profile located close to the ancient gypsum mine in Flexbourg. There, clear reflections from
Ozel, A. O.; Arslan, M. S.; Aksahin, B. B.; Genc, T.; Isseven, T.; Tuncer, M. K.
2015-12-01
Tekirdag region (NW Turkey) is quite close to the North Anatolian Fault which is capable of producing a large earthquake. Therefore, earthquake hazard mitigation studies are important for the urban areas close to the major faults. From this point of view, integration of different geophysical methods has important role for the study of seismic hazard problems including seismotectonic zoning. On the other hand, geological mapping and determining the subsurface structure, which is a key to assist management of new developed areas, conversion of current urban areas or assessment of urban geological hazards can be performed by integrated geophysical methods. This study has been performed in the frame of a national project, which is a complimentary project of the cooperative project between Turkey and Japan (JICA&JST), named as "Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in the Marmara Region and Disaster Education". With this principal aim, this study is focused on Tekirdag and its surrounding region (NW of Turkey) where some uncertainties in subsurface knowledge (maps of bedrock depth, thickness of quaternary sediments, basin geometry and seismic velocity structure,) need to be resolved. Several geophysical methods (microgravity, magnetic and single station and array microtremor measurements) are applied and the results are evaluated to characterize lithological changes in the region. Array microtremor measurements with several radiuses are taken in 30 locations and 1D-velocity structures of S-waves are determined by the inversion of phase velocities of surface waves, and the results of 1D structures are verified by theoretical Rayleigh wave modelling. Following the array measurements, single-station microtremor measurements are implemented at 75 locations to determine the predominant frequency distribution. The predominant frequencies in the region range from 0.5 Hz to 8 Hz in study area. On the other hand, microgravity and magnetic measurements are performed on
Joint inversion of normal-mode and finite-frequency S-wave data using an irregular tomographic grid
Zaroli, Christophe; Lambotte, Sophie; Lévêque, Jean-Jacques
2015-12-01
Global-scale tomographic models should aim at satisfying the full seismic spectrum. For this purpose, and to better constrain isotropic 3-D variations of shear velocities in the mantle, we tackle a joint inversion of spheroidal normal-mode structure coefficients and multiple-frequency S-wave delay times. In all previous studies for which normal modes were jointly inverted for, with body and/or surface waves, the mantle was laterally parametrized with uniform basis functions, such as spherical harmonics, equal-area blocks and evenly spaced spherical splines. In particular, spherical harmonics naturally appear when considering the Earth's free oscillations. However, progress towards higher resolution joint tomography requires a movement away from such uniform parametrization to overcome its computational inefficiency to adapt to local variations in resolution. The main goal of this study is to include normal modes into a joint inversion based upon a non-uniform parametrization that is adapted to the spatially varying smallest resolving length of the data. Thus, we perform the first joint inversion of normal-mode and body-wave data using an irregular tomographic grid, optimized according to ray density. We show how to compute the projection of 3-D sensitivity kernels for both data sets onto our parametrization made up of spherical layers spanned with irregular Delaunay triangulations. This approach, computationally efficient, allows us to map into the joint model multiscale structural informations from data including periods in the 10-51 s range for body waves and 332-2134 s for normal modes. Tomographic results are focused on the 400-2110 km depth range, where our data coverage is the most relevant. We discuss the potential of a better resolution where the grid is fine, compared to spherical harmonics up to degree 40, as the number of model parameters is similar. Our joint model seems to contain coherent structural components beyond degree 40, such as those related
Yazkov, V
2016-01-01
Measurement of s-wave pion-kaon scattering length combina tion $a_{\\bar{0}} = 1/3( a^{1/2}_0 − a^{3/2}_0)$ with an accuracy 5% provides check of prediction made by Chir al Perturbation theory and Lattice QCD. Estimation of beam time for 450 GeV proton beam, needed for achievement this accuracy, has been done on a base of accuracy of |$a_{\\bar{0}}$| measurement, performed in DIRAC experiment.
Lin, Shi-Zeng
2012-01-01
In this work, we investigate the Josephson effect between a two-band superconductor either with the $s++$ (two energy gaps have the same sign and are fully gapped) pairing symmetry or $s\\pm$ (two energy gaps have $\\pi$ phase difference and are fully gapped) pairing symmetry and a conventional s-wave superconductors. The ground state, critical current, plasma modes, flux flow dynamics, and response to external ac electric field, possible soliton solutions are investigated. For junctions with t...
Ishikawa, M.; Arima, M.
2007-12-01
In order to interpret seismic structures in terms of rock type, temperature anomaly, degree of partial melting and distribution of fluids, we have carried out research on the elastic properties of the crustal rocks using ultrasonic measurements. We have developed techniques to perform ultrasonic velocity measurements at mid-to-lower crustal conditions of pressure and temperature. These techniques are now been applied to study the rock physics of exposed deep crustal sections and crustal xenoliths, including gabbro, tonalite, granite, anorthosite, granulite and amphibolite, which were collected from the Tanzawa Mountain of central Japan, Kohistan area of Pakistan, Ichinomegata of NE Japan, Takashima and Kurose of SW Japan, and granulite-facies complex of East Antarctica. Compressional (P) and shear (S) wave velocities for these rock specimens are measured in piston cylinder apparatus. In order to compare directly to seismic velocities at the deep island arc pressures and temperatures, we developed ultrasonic velocity measurements using buffer rod technique. Pt buffer rod is used to isolate the piezoelectric transducer from the high-temperature condition. Travel times through the rock sample were determined with the pulse reflection technique. We are developing a method for simultaneous P-wave and S-wave velocity measurements using dual-mode piezoelectric transducer which generates P-waves and S-waves simultaneously. Using these techniques, we can determine Vp/Vs ratio and Poisson's ratio precisely.
Sabari, S; Jisha, Chandroth P; Porsezian, K; Brazhnyi, Valeriy A
2015-09-01
We study the stabilization properties of dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate by temporal modulation of short-range two-body interaction. Through both analytical and numerical methods, we analyze the mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii equation with short-range two-body and long-range, nonlocal, dipolar interaction terms. We derive the equation of motion and effective potential of the dipolar condensate by variational method. We show that there is an enhancement of the condensate stability due to the inclusion of dipolar interaction in addition to the two-body contact interaction. We also show that the stability of the dipolar condensate increases in the presence of time varying two-body contact interaction; the temporal modification of the contact interaction prevents the collapse of dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate. Finally we confirm the semi-analytical prediction through the direct numerical simulations of the governing equation. PMID:26465538
Rawles, Christopher; Thurber, Clifford
2015-08-01
We present a simple, fast, and robust method for automatic detection of P- and S-wave arrivals using a nearest neighbours-based approach. The nearest neighbour algorithm is one of the most popular time-series classification methods in the data mining community and has been applied to time-series problems in many different domains. Specifically, our method is based on the non-parametric time-series classification method developed by Nikolov. Instead of building a model by estimating parameters from the data, the method uses the data itself to define the model. Potential phase arrivals are identified based on their similarity to a set of reference data consisting of positive and negative sets, where the positive set contains examples of analyst identified P- or S-wave onsets and the negative set contains examples that do not contain P waves or S waves. Similarity is defined as the square of the Euclidean distance between vectors representing the scaled absolute values of the amplitudes of the observed signal and a given reference example in time windows of the same length. For both P waves and S waves, a single pass is done through the bandpassed data, producing a score function defined as the ratio of the sum of similarity to positive examples over the sum of similarity to negative examples for each window. A phase arrival is chosen as the centre position of the window that maximizes the score function. The method is tested on two local earthquake data sets, consisting of 98 known events from the Parkfield region in central California and 32 known events from the Alpine Fault region on the South Island of New Zealand. For P-wave picks, using a reference set containing two picks from the Parkfield data set, 98 per cent of Parkfield and 94 per cent of Alpine Fault picks are determined within 0.1 s of the analyst pick. For S-wave picks, 94 per cent and 91 per cent of picks are determined within 0.2 s of the analyst picks for the Parkfield and Alpine Fault data set
Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov; Karlberg, Bo
2009-01-01
The EuCheMS Division of Analytical Chemistry (DAC) maintains a website with informations on groups of analytical chemistry at European universities (www.dac-euchems. org). Everyone may contribute to the database and contributors are responsible for an annual update of the information. The service...... is offered free of charge. The report on activities of DAC during 2008 was published in journals of analytical chemistry where Manfred Grasserbauer contributed with his personal view on analytical chemistry in the assessment of climate changes and sustainable application of the natural resources to...... committee directed to various topics of analytical chemistry. Although affected by the global financial crisis, the Euroanalysis Conference will be held on 6 to 10 September in Innsbruck, Austria. For next year, the programme for the analytical section of the 3rd European Chemistry Congress is in...
Paugam, Frederic
2008-01-01
We define a new type of valuation of a ring that combines the notion of Krull valuation with that of multiplicative seminorm. This definition partially restores the broken symmetry between archimedean and non-archimedean valuations. This also allows us to define a notion of global analytic space that reconciles Berkovich's notion of analytic space of a (Banach) ring with Huber's notion of non-archimedean analytic space. After defining natural generalized valuation spectra and computing the sp...
Overconvergent global analytic geometry
Paugam, Frédéric
2014-01-01
We define a notion of global analytic space with overconvergent structure sheaf. This gives an analog on a general base Banach ring of Grosse-Kloenne's overconvergent p-adic spaces and of Bambozzi's generalized affinoid varieties over R. This also gives an affinoid version of Berkovich's and Poineau's global analytic spaces. This affinoid approach allows the introduction of a notion of strict global analytic space, that has some relations with the ideas of Arakelov geometry, since the base ex...
Yamamoto, H.; Yoshioka, M.; Saito, T. [Iwate University, Iwate (Japan). Faculty of Engineering
1996-05-01
Studies were conducted about the method of estimating the underground S-wave velocity structure by inversion making use of the horizontal/vertical motion spectral ratio of microtremors. For this purpose, a dynamo-electric velocity type seismograph was used, capable of processing the east-west, north-south, and vertical components integratedly. For the purpose of sampling the Rayleigh wave spectral ratio, one out of all the azimuths was chosen, whose horizontal motion had a high Fourier frequency component coherency with the vertical motions. For the estimation of the underground S-wave velocity structure, parameters (P-wave velocity, S-wave velocity, density, and layer thickness) were determined from the minimum residual sum of squares involving the observed microtremor spectral ratio and the theoretical value calculated by use of a model structure. The known boring data was utilized for the study of the S-wave velocity in the top layer, and it was determined using an S-wave velocity estimation formula for the Morioka area constructed using the N-value, depth, and geological classification. It was found that the optimum S-wave velocity structure even below the top layer well reflects the S-wave velocity obtained by the estimation formula. 5 refs., 6 figs.
Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov; Karlberg, Bo
The EuCheMS Division of Analytical Chemistry (DAC) maintains a website with informations on groups of analytical chemistry at European universities (www.dac-euchems. org). Everyone may contribute to the database and contributors are responsible for an annual update of the information. The service...... is offered free of charge. The report on activities of DAC during 2008 was published in journals of analytical chemistry where Manfred Grasserbauer contributed with his personal view on analytical chemistry in the assessment of climate changes and sustainable application of the natural resources to...
Learning Analytics Considered Harmful
Dringus, Laurie P.
2012-01-01
This essay is written to present a prospective stance on how learning analytics, as a core evaluative approach, must help instructors uncover the important trends and evidence of quality learner data in the online course. A critique is presented of strategic and tactical issues of learning analytics. The approach to the critique is taken through…
Analytical mass spectrometry. Abstracts
1990-12-31
This 43rd Annual Summer Symposium on Analytical Chemistry was held July 24--27, 1990 at Oak Ridge, TN and contained sessions on the following topics: Fundamentals of Analytical Mass Spectrometry (MS), MS in the National Laboratories, Lasers and Fourier Transform Methods, Future of MS, New Ionization and LC/MS Methods, and an extra session. (WET)
1990-01-01
This 43rd Annual Summer Symposium on Analytical Chemistry was held July 24--27, 1990 at Oak Ridge, TN and contained sessions on the following topics: Fundamentals of Analytical Mass Spectrometry (MS), MS in the National Laboratories, Lasers and Fourier Transform Methods, Future of MS, New Ionization and LC/MS Methods, and an extra session. (WET)
The Analytical Hierarchy Process
Barfod, Michael Bruhn
2007-01-01
The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use.......The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use....
Jackson, Brian
2010-01-01
Using a survey of 138 writing programs, I argue that we must be more explicit about what we think students should get out of analysis to make it more likely that students will transfer their analytical skills to different settings. To ensure our students take analytical skills with them at the end of the semester, we must simplify the task we…
Analytic Moufang-transformations
The paper is aimed to be an introduction to the concept of an analytic birepresentation of an analytic Moufang loop. To describe the deviation of (S,T) from associativity, the associators (S,T) are defined and certain constraints for them, called the minimality conditions of (S,T) are established
Karlberg, B.; Grasserbauer, M.; Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov
2009-01-01
The European Analytical Column has once more invited a guest columnist to give his views on various matters related to analytical chemistry in Europe. This year, we have invited Professor Manfred Grasserbauer of the Vienna University of Technology to present some of the current challenges for...
Some Heterodox Analytic Philosophy
Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock
2013-04-01
Full Text Available Analytic philosophy has been the most influential philosophical movement in 20th century philosophy. It has surely contributed like no other movement to the elucidation and demarcation of philosophical problems. Nonetheless, the empiricist and sometimes even nominalist convictions of orthodox analytic philosophers have served them to inadequately render even philosophers they consider their own and to propound very questionable conceptions.
Quo vadis, analytical chemistry?
Valcárcel, Miguel
2016-01-01
This paper presents an open, personal, fresh approach to the future of Analytical Chemistry in the context of the deep changes Science and Technology are anticipated to experience. Its main aim is to challenge young analytical chemists because the future of our scientific discipline is in their hands. A description of not completely accurate overall conceptions of our discipline, both past and present, to be avoided is followed by a flexible, integral definition of Analytical Chemistry and its cornerstones (viz., aims and objectives, quality trade-offs, the third basic analytical reference, the information hierarchy, social responsibility, independent research, transfer of knowledge and technology, interfaces to other scientific-technical disciplines, and well-oriented education). Obsolete paradigms, and more accurate general and specific that can be expected to provide the framework for our discipline in the coming years are described. Finally, the three possible responses of analytical chemists to the proposed changes in our discipline are discussed. PMID:26631024
Liu, Xin; Zhao, Dapeng
2016-03-01
We determined P and S wave velocity tomography of the Japan subduction zone down to a depth of 700 km by conducting joint inversions of a large number of high-quality arrival-time data of local earthquakes and teleseismic events which are newly collected for this study. We also determined 2-D phase-velocity images of fundamental mode Rayleigh waves at periods of 20-150 s beneath Japan and the surrounding oceanic regions using amplitude and phase data of teleseismic Rayleigh waves. A detailed 3-D S-wave tomography of the study region is obtained by jointly inverting S-wave arrival times of local and teleseismic events and the Rayleigh-wave phase-velocity data. Our inversion results reveal the subducting Pacific and Philippine Sea slabs clearly as dipping high-velocity zones from a 1-D starting velocity model. Prominent low-velocity (low-V) anomalies are revealed in the mantle wedge above the slabs and in the mantle below the Pacific slab. The distinct velocity contrasts between the subducting slabs and the surrounding mantle reflect significant lateral variations in temperature as well as water content and/or the degree of partial melting. The low-V anomalies in the mantle wedge are attributed to slab dehydration and corner flows in the mantle wedge. A sheet-like low-V zone is revealed under the Pacific slab beneath NE Japan, which may reflect hot upwelling from the deeper mantle and subduction of a plume-fed asthenosphere as well. Our present results indicate that joint inversions of different seismic data are very effective and important for obtaining robust tomographic images of the crust and mantle.
It has been shown that the spin-density wave instability does not coexist with s-like anisotropic superconductivity in the molecular field approach to the nearly half-filled two-dimensional Hubbard model. The phase diagram of the interplay of normal state, spin density wave, d-wave and extended s-wave superconducting orderings has been constructed. The possibility of the first order transition from the normal state and the superconducting state to the SDW-phase has been discussed. (author). 14 refs, 2 figs
Wragg, Jack
2016-01-01
R-matrix with time-dependence theory is applied to electron-impact ionisation processes for He in the S-wave model. Cross sections for electron-impact excitation, ionisation and ionisation with excitation for impact energies between 25 and 225 eV are in excellent agreement with benchmark cross sections. Ultra-fast dynamics induced by a scattering event is observed through time-dependent signatures associated with autoionisation from doubly excited states. Further insight into dynamics can be obtained through examination of the spin components of the time-dependent wavefunction.
Non-statistical level distributions in s-wave neutron resonances in 15 light or magic e-e nuclei are investigated. In histogram of spacings between two arbitrary levels, dominant level spacings D0 are found which appear most frequently. Among 30 dominant spacings (after recoil correction) of different nuclei, integer ratios are frequently found. Many of these dominant spacings are found to be equal to (C/mn), where C=34.5 MeV, and m, n are integers. Nuclear excitations are considered as a sum of C/n. (author)
BałA, Maria; Cichy, Adam
2007-06-01
Kuster-Toksöz and Biot-Gassmann models for estimating velocities of longitudinal and shear waves on the basis of well-logging data were analysed. P-wave and S-wave velocity models are crucial for interpretation of seismic data. Discussed models enable determination with quite good accuracy, in some cases higher than the acoustic full wavetrains interpretation. Because velocity strongly depends on lithology and saturation of pore space, the selection of parameters of rock matrix, hydrocarbons and formation waters has a strong effect on the quality of velocities estimation.
Magas, V K; Ramos, A
2013-01-01
The meson-baryon interactions in s-wave in the strangeness S=-1 sector are studied using a chiral unitarity approach based on the next-to-leading order chiral SU(3) Lagrangian. The model is fitted to the large set of experimental data in different two-body channels. Particular attention is paid to the $\\Xi$ hyperon production reaction, $\\bar{K} N \\rightarrow K \\Xi$, where the effect of the next-to-leading order terms in the Lagrangian play a crucial role, since the cross section of this reaction at tree level is zero.
Hart, A; von Hippel, G. M.; Horgan, R.R.
2006-01-01
We construct the S-wave part of the electromagnetic vector annihilation current to O(alpha_s v^2)$ on the lattice for heavy quarks whose dynamics are described by the NRQCD action, where v is the non-relativistic quark velocity. The lattice vector current for QQbar annihilation is expressed as a linear combination of lattice operators with quantum numbers L=0, J^P=1^-, and the coefficients are determined by matching this lattice current to the corresponding continuum current in QCD to O(v^2) ...
Analytical laboratory in NUCEF
An analytical laboratory was completed in NUCEF (the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Safety Engineering Research Facility) of JAERI. NUCEF has two critical facilities (STACY and TRACY) and a fuel treatment system for criticality safety research. In addition, the facility has BECKY (Back-end Cycle Key Elements Research Facility) for the research on advanced reprocessing technology, TRU waste management and so on. This present report describes the design conditions and structure of the analytical laboratory as well as the specification of each analytical equipment. (J.P.N.)
Waisberg, Daniel
2015-01-01
A roadmap for turning Google Analytics into a centralized marketing analysis platform With Google Analytics Integrations, expert author Daniel Waisberg shows you how to gain a more meaningful, complete view of customers that can drive growth opportunities. This in-depth guide shows not only how to use Google Analytics, but also how to turn this powerful data collection and analysis tool into a central marketing analysis platform for your company. Taking a hands-on approach, this resource explores the integration and analysis of a host of common data sources, including Google AdWords, AdSens
Analytical strategies for phosphoproteomics
Thingholm, Tine E; Jensen, Ole N; Larsen, Martin R
2009-01-01
highly sensitive and specific strategies. Today, most phosphoproteomic studies are conducted by mass spectrometric strategies in combination with phospho-specific enrichment methods. This review presents an overview of different analytical strategies for the characterization of phosphoproteins. Emphasis...
Enzymes in Analytical Chemistry.
Fishman, Myer M.
1980-01-01
Presents tabular information concerning recent research in the field of enzymes in analytic chemistry, with methods, substrate or reaction catalyzed, assay, comments and references listed. The table refers to 128 references. Also listed are 13 general citations. (CS)
Study on S wave splitting in Dayao earthquake sequence with M=6.2 and M=6.1 in Yunnan in 2003
HUA Wei; LIU Jie; CHEN Zhang-li; ZHENG Si-hua
2006-01-01
The polarization direction of fast wave and the delay time between fast and slow wave were measured for two earthquake sequences occurred continuously on 21 July (M=6.2) and 16 October (M=6.1) in Dayao, Yunnan in 2003 using cross-correlation coefficient method, after determining the high-resolution hypocentral locations of the phenomena of S wave splitting are obvious in the two earthquake sequences, and the average polarization directions of fast wave in most stations are almost consistent with regional maximum horizontal compressive stress direction except the station Santai. There are bimodal fast directions in the polarization directions at station Santai and the mean polarization direction is N80°E, indicating an inconsistent phenomenon referred to regional maxiparison of S wave splitting results in the two earthquake sequences show that the polarization direction in M=6.2earthquake sequence is more scattered and its average fast direction is 20° larger than that of M=6.1 sequence, and zation direction may be due to the stress disturbance imposed by the M=6.2 and the M=6.1 mainshocks on regional background stress field.
Pischiutta, M.; Pastori, M.; Improta, L.; Salvini, F.; Rovelli, A.
2014-01-01
polarization is investigated using 200 seismograms recorded by a network of 20 stations installed on rock outcrops in the Val d'Agri region that hosts the largest oil fields in the southern Apennines (Italy). Polarization is assessed both in the frequency and time domains through the individual-station horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio and covariance-matrix analysis, respectively. We find that most of the stations show a persistent horizontal polarization of waveforms, with a NE-SW predominant trend. This direction is orthogonal to the general trend of Quaternary normal faults in the region and to the maximum horizontal stress related to the present extensional regime. According to previous studies in other areas, such a directional effect is interpreted as due to the presence of fault-related fracture fields, polarization being orthogonal to their predominant direction. A comparison with S wave anisotropy inferred from shear wave splitting indicates an orthogonal relation between horizontal polarization and fast S wave direction. This suggests that wavefield polarization and fast velocity direction are effects of the same cause: The existence of an anisotropic medium represented by fractured rocks where shear wave velocity is larger in the crack-parallel component and compliance is larger perpendicularly to the crack strike. The latter is responsible for the observed anisotropic pattern of amplitudes of horizontal ground motion in the study area.
Wang, Wen-Fei; Wang, Wei; Lü, Cai-Dian
2015-01-01
We study $S$-wave resonance contributions to the $B^0_{(s)}\\to J/\\psi\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $B_s\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-\\ell^+\\ell^-$ decays in the perturbative QCD (PQCD) framework by introducing two-hadron distribution amplitudes for final states. The Breit-Wigner formula for the $f_0(500)$, $f_0(1500)$ and $f_0(1790)$ resonances and the Flatt\\'e model for the $f_0(980)$ resonance are adopted to parameterize the time-like scalar form factors in the two-pion distribution amplitudes, which include both resonant and nonresonant contributions. The resultant branching fraction and differential branching fraction in the pion-pair invariant mass for each resonance channel are consistent with experimental data. The determined $S$-wave two-pion distribution amplitudes, containing the information of both resonant and nonresonant rescattering phases, can be employed to predict direct CP asymmetries of other three-body hadronic $B$ meson decays in various localized regions of two-pion phase space.
Bagus Jaya Santosa
2008-03-01
Full Text Available The S wave velocity structure at subduction zone under Sumatra-Java was investigated through seismogram analysis in time domain and three Cartesian’s components simultaneously. The main data set was the comparison between the measured seismogram and the synthetic one, not the travel time data. The synthetic seismogram was calculated with the GEMINI method. The seismogram comparison shows that the global earth mantle of PREMAN gives deviating synthetic seismogram and has later arrival times than the measured one. The gradient bh in the upper mantle is altered to positive from its negative slope as in the PREMAN model, and positive corrections are added to the zero order of polynomial’s coefficients in all earth mantle layers. The excellent fitting, as well as travel time or waveform, were obtained on the surface waves of Love and Rayleigh, the S and SS mantle and repetitive depth waves. The additional positive corrections were also confirmed by a well fitting on the repetitive depth waves. This result expresses that part of the earth mantle that due to tectonic processes has positive anomaly on S wave velocity and vertical anisotropy in all of the earth mantle layers.
Elmas, A; Gonul, B
2016-01-01
In this work, the reliability of the Landau expression for the nuclear level density calculations is tested, for the first-time, to describe nuclear level densities of some light, intermediate mass and heavy nuclei at excitations corresponding to discrete and s-wave neutron resonance energies. The chi-2 minimizing method is used in treatment of the experimental data for the two suggested energy range of discrete energies given by Nuclear Data Sheet [1] and by the systematic for nuclear level density parametrization in [2]. Our comparison with the related data in the discrete energy range has shown that the results obtained by the Landau expression are better than those of back-shifted Fermi-gas model and constant temperature approximation. This result is also valid for some nuclei of interest when the s-wave neutron resonance level density is included to check theoretical prescriptions in the energy range from initial bound states to unbound states near the neutron binding energy.
Polat, Gulten; Özel, Nurcan Meral; Koulakov, Ivan
2016-07-01
We investigated the crustal structure beneath the Marmara region and the surrounding area in the western part of the North Anatolian fault zone. These areas have high seismicity and are of critical significance to earthquake hazards. The study was based on travel-time tomography using local moderate and micro-earthquakes occurring in the study area recorded by the Multi-Disciplinary Earthquake Research in High Risk Regions of Turkey project and Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute. We selected 2131 earthquakes and a total of 92,858 arrival times, consisting of 50,044 P-wave and 42,814 S-wave arrival times. We present detailed crustal structure down to 50 km depth beneath the Marmara region for P- and S-wave velocities using the LOTOS code based on iterative inversion. We used the distributions of the resulting seismic parameters ( Vp, Vs) to pick out significant geodynamical features. The high-velocity anomalies correlate well with fracturing segments of the North Anatolian fault. High seismicity is mostly concentrated in these segments. In particular, low velocities were observed beneath the central Marmara Sea at 5 km depth.
Havelková, Martina
2014-01-01
This thesis describes major trends in the field of analytical CRM. The goal is to identify those trends and compare them with current situation on the CRM market. The thesis is devided among several parts. In the opening part is described Customer Relationship Management and architecture of CRM system. The next part discribes analytical CRM and its standard ways of using. The main part of the thesis is identification of trends. Idetificated trends are characterized and compared with situation...
Cardoso, João
2011-01-01
Tracking what is happening on a website in realtime is invaluable. The objective of this thesis was to start and launch the first version of Snowfinch, an open source realtime web analytics application. The thesis report contains up-to-date fundamentals of web analytics; reasoning behind the most important and difficult technical decisions in the project; product development methodologies; and an overview of the resulting application. Understanding visitors is the key to a site’s succ...
Encyclopedia of analytical surfaces
Krivoshapko, S N
2015-01-01
This encyclopedia presents an all-embracing collection of analytical surface classes. It provides concise definitions and description for more than 500 surfaces and categorizes them in 38 classes of analytical surfaces. All classes are cross references to the original literature in an excellent bibliography. The encyclopedia is of particular interest to structural and civil engineers and serves as valuable reference for mathematicians.
Learning analytics in education
Štrukelj, Tajda
2015-01-01
Learning analytics is a young field in computer supported learning, which could have a great impact on education in the future. It is a set of analytical tools which measure, collect, analyze and report about students' data for the purpose of understanding and optimizing students' learning and environments in which this learning occurs. Today, more and more learning related activities are placed on the web. Teachers are creating virtual learning environments (VLE), in which a great set of...
Nagin, Gleb
2011-01-01
Business analytics refers to the skills, technologies, applications and practisies for continuous iterative exploration and investigation of past business performance to gain insight and drive business planning. Business analytics focuses on developing new insights and understanding of business performance based on data and statistical methods. Business intelligence traditionally focuses on using a consistent set of metrics to both measure past performance and guide business planning, which i...
Intermediate algebra & analytic geometry
Gondin, William R
1967-01-01
Intermediate Algebra & Analytic Geometry Made Simple focuses on the principles, processes, calculations, and methodologies involved in intermediate algebra and analytic geometry. The publication first offers information on linear equations in two unknowns and variables, functions, and graphs. Discussions focus on graphic interpretations, explicit and implicit functions, first quadrant graphs, variables and functions, determinate and indeterminate systems, independent and dependent equations, and defective and redundant systems. The text then examines quadratic equations in one variable, system
Intelligent Visual Analytics Queries
Hao, Ming C.; Dayal, Umeshwar; Keim, Daniel A.; Morent, Dominik; Schneidewind, Jörn
2007-01-01
Visualizations of large multi-dimensional data sets, occurring in scientific and commercial applications, often reveal interesting local patterns. Analysts want to identify the causes and impacts of these interesting areas, and they also want to search for similar patterns occurring elsewhere in the data set. In this paper we introduce the Intelligent Visual Analytics Query (IVQuery) concept that combines visual interaction with automated analytical methods to support analysts in discovering ...
Sheykhi, A
2016-01-01
Based on the Sturm-Liouville (SL) eigenvalue problem, we analytically study several properties of holographic $s$-wave superconductors with exponential nonlinear electrodynamics in the background of Schwarzschild anti-de Sitter (AdS) black holes. We assume the probe limit in which the scalar and gauge fields do not back react on the background metric. We show that for this system, one can still obtain an analytical relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. Interestingly enough, we find that logarithmic nonlinear electrodynamics decreases the critical temperature, $T_c$, of the holographic superconductors compared to the linear Maxwell field. This implies that the nonlinear electrodynamics make the condensation harder. The analytical results obtained in this paper are in good agreement with the existing numerical results. We also compute the critical exponent near the critical temperature and find out that it is still $1/2$ which seems to be an universal value in mean field theory.
Analytic study of Gauss-Bonnet holographic superconductors in Born-Infeld electrodynamics
Gangopadhyay, Sunandan
2012-01-01
Using Sturm-Liouville (SL) eigenvalue problem, we investigate several properties of holographic s-wave superconductors in Gauss-Bonnet gravity with Born-Infeld electrodynamics in the probe limit. Our analytic scheme has been found to be in good agreement with the numerical results. From our analysis it is quite evident that the scalar hair formation at low temperatures is indeed affected by both the Gauss-Bonnet as well as the Born-Infeld coupling parameters. We also compute the critical exponent associated with the condensation near the critical temperature. The value of the critical exponent thus obtained indeed suggests a universal mean field behavior.
Croatian Analytical Terminology
Kastelan-Macan; M.
2008-04-01
Full Text Available Results of analytical research are necessary in all human activities. They are inevitable in making decisions in the environmental chemistry, agriculture, forestry, veterinary medicine, pharmaceutical industry, and biochemistry. Without analytical measurements the quality of materials and products cannot be assessed, so that analytical chemistry is an essential part of technical sciences and disciplines.The language of Croatian science, and analytical chemistry within it, was one of the goals of our predecessors. Due to the political situation, they did not succeed entirely, but for the scientists in independent Croatia this is a duty, because language is one of the most important features of the Croatian identity. The awareness of the need to introduce Croatian terminology was systematically developed in the second half of the 19th century, along with the founding of scientific societies and the wish of scientists to write their scientific works in Croatian, so that the results of their research may be applied in economy. Many authors of textbooks from the 19th and the first half of the 20th century contributed to Croatian analytical terminology (F. Rački, B. Šulek, P. Žulić, G. Pexidr, J. Domac, G. Janeček , F. Bubanović, V. Njegovan and others. M. DeŢelić published the first systematic chemical terminology in 1940, adjusted to the IUPAC recommendations. In the second half of 20th century textbooks in classic analytical chemistry were written by V. Marjanović-Krajovan, M. Gyiketta-Ogrizek, S. Žilić and others. I. Filipović wrote the General and Inorganic Chemistry textbook and the Laboratory Handbook (in collaboration with P. Sabioncello and contributed greatly to establishing the terminology in instrumental analytical methods.The source of Croatian nomenclature in modern analytical chemistry today are translated textbooks by Skoog, West and Holler, as well as by Günnzler i Gremlich, and original textbooks by S. Turina, Z.
Advances in analytical chemistry
Arendale, W. F.; Congo, Richard T.; Nielsen, Bruce J.
1991-01-01
Implementation of computer programs based on multivariate statistical algorithms makes possible obtaining reliable information from long data vectors that contain large amounts of extraneous information, for example, noise and/or analytes that we do not wish to control. Three examples are described. Each of these applications requires the use of techniques characteristic of modern analytical chemistry. The first example, using a quantitative or analytical model, describes the determination of the acid dissociation constant for 2,2'-pyridyl thiophene using archived data. The second example describes an investigation to determine the active biocidal species of iodine in aqueous solutions. The third example is taken from a research program directed toward advanced fiber-optic chemical sensors. The second and third examples require heuristic or empirical models.
MATHAI; Varghese
2010-01-01
We review the Reidemeister, Ray-Singer’s analytic torsion and the Cheeger-Mller theorem. We describe the analytic torsion of the de Rham complex twisted by a flux form introduced by the current authors and recall its properties. We define a new twisted analytic torsion for the complex of invariant differential forms on the total space of a principal circle bundle twisted by an invariant flux form. We show that when the dimension is even, such a torsion is invariant under certain deformation of the metric and the flux form. Under T-duality which exchanges the topology of the bundle and the flux form and the radius of the circular fiber with its inverse, the twisted torsion of invariant forms are inverse to each other for any dimension.
Flurry Analytics pelikehityksen apuna
Kuusisto, Rami
2015-01-01
Flurry Analytics on Yahoo Mobile Developer Suiten osa, joka keskittyy analytiikkaan. Opinnäytetyössä kerrotaan Flurry Analytics SDK:n implementoimisesta sovellukseen, Flurry Analyticsin tarjoaman web-portaalin käytöstä, sekä siitä, miten näitä ominaisuuksia käytettiin toteutettaessa pelin Cabals: Legends analytiikkatoteutusta. Työssä tarkastellaan myös miten jo kehitettyä analytiikkatoteutusta voitaisiin käyttää pohjana vielä pidemmälle viedylle analytiikkatoteutukselle ja kuinka pystyttäisii...
Daniel Alejandro Pérez Chamorro.
2012-12-01
Full Text Available For 50 years the philosophers of the Anglo-Saxon analytic tradition (E. Anscombre, P. Geach, A. Kenny, P. Foot have tried to follow the Thomas Aquinas School which they use as a source to surpass the Cartesian Epistemology and to develop the virtue ethics. Recently, J. Haldane has inaugurated a program of “analytical thomism” which main result until the present has been his “theory of identity mind/world”. Nevertheless, none of Thomás’ admirers has still found the means of assimilating his metaphysics of being.
Strictly convergent analytic structures
Cluckers, Raf; Lipshitz, Leonard
2013-01-01
We give conclusive answers to some questions about definability in analytic languages that arose shortly after the work by Denef and van den Dries, [DD], on $p$-adic subanalytic sets, and we continue the study of non-archimedean fields with analytic structure of [LR3], [CLR1] and [CL1]. We show that the language $L_K$ consisting of the language of valued fields together with all strictly convergent power series over a complete, rank one valued field $K$ can be expanded, in a definitial way, t...
Foundations of predictive analytics
Wu, James
2012-01-01
Drawing on the authors' two decades of experience in applied modeling and data mining, Foundations of Predictive Analytics presents the fundamental background required for analyzing data and building models for many practical applications, such as consumer behavior modeling, risk and marketing analytics, and other areas. It also discusses a variety of practical topics that are frequently missing from similar texts. The book begins with the statistical and linear algebra/matrix foundation of modeling methods, from distributions to cumulant and copula functions to Cornish--Fisher expansion and o
Aggarwal, Charu C
2011-01-01
Social network analysis applications have experienced tremendous advances within the last few years due in part to increasing trends towards users interacting with each other on the internet. Social networks are organized as graphs, and the data on social networks takes on the form of massive streams, which are mined for a variety of purposes. Social Network Data Analytics covers an important niche in the social network analytics field. This edited volume, contributed by prominent researchers in this field, presents a wide selection of topics on social network data mining such as Structural Pr
Malischewsky, Peter G. [Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, 07749 Jena (Germany); Lorato, Andrea; Scarpa, Fabrizio [Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Bristol, BS8 1TR, Bristol (United Kingdom); Ruzzene, Massimo [D. Guggenheim School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332 (United States)
2012-07-15
We examine some unusual wave propagation characteristics related to auxetic systems represented by continuum isotropic materials and hexagonal chiral lattices with and without active piezoelectric actuation. We show for the first time a peculiar singularity in the ratio between reflected P and S waves in Rayleigh-wave type propagation for auxetic isotropic materials, which has been otherwise observed only in at least bi-phase material systems. The other unusual phenomenon is a strong increase of the pass-stop band frequencies in hexachiral lattices with piezoelectric materials, with no change of the shear-wave type otherwise occurring in pristine lattice with no piezoelectric contribution. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
s-wave threshold in electron attachment - Results in 2-C4F6 and CFCl3 at ultra-low electron energies
Chutjian, A.; Alajajian, S. H.; Ajello, J. M.; Orient, O. J.
1984-01-01
Electron attachment lineshapes and cross sections are reported for the processes 2-C4F6(-)/2-C4F6 and Cl(-)/CFCl3 at electron energies of 0-120 and 0-140 meV, and at resolutions of 6 and 7 meV (FWHM), respectively. As in previous measurements in CCl4 and SF6, the results show resolution-limited narrow structure in the cross section at electron energies below 15 meV. This structure arises from the divergence of the s-wave cross section in the limit of zero electron energy. Comparisons are given with swarm-measured results, and with collisional ionization (high-Rydberg attachment) data in this energy range.
The depressions of the Tc's of the 123 REBa2Cu3O7 HTSC's due to the substitution of Zn2+ ions into the Cu(2) layer are studied. The orthorhombic distortion which occurs in the 123 ceramics is assumed to induce a modification to the spin-fluctuation (SF) mediated pairing interaction which in turn causes the order parameters of these HTSC's to be of mixed (d + s)-wave symmetry. It is shown that part of the rapid depression of the Tc's caused by Zn2+ substitution into the CuO2 is due to a reduction of the SF-mediated pairing interaction. The differences in the rates of suppression of Tc due to Zn2+ doping in the different RE-123 HTSC's are shown to be due to the changes in the orthorhombicity which depend on the size of the rare earth ions
Ding, Q.-P.; Wiecki, P.; Anand, V. K.; Sangeetha, N. S.; Lee, Y.; Johnston, D. C.; Furukawa, Y.
2016-04-01
The electronic and magnetic properties of the collapsed-tetragonal CaPd2As2 superconductor (SC) with a transition temperature of 1.27 K have been investigated by 75As nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements. The temperature (T ) dependence of the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rates (1 /T1) and the Knight shifts indicate the absence of magnetic correlations in the normal state. In the SC state, 1 /T1 measured by 75As NQR shows a clear Hebel-Slichter (HS) peak just below Tc and decreases exponentially at lower T , confirming a conventional s -wave SC. In addition, the Volovik effect, also known as the Doppler shift effect, has been clearly evidenced by the observation of the suppression of the HS peak with applied magnetic field.
Li, Guoliang; Chen, Haichao; Niu, Fenglin; Guo, Zhen; Yang, Yingjie; Xie, Jun
2016-02-01
We present a new 3-D S wave velocity model of the northeast (NE) China from the joint inversion of the Rayleigh wave ellipticity and phase velocity at 8-40 s periods. Rayleigh wave ellipticity, or Rayleigh wave Z/H (vertical to horizontal) amplitude ratio, is extracted from both earthquake (10-40 s) and ambient noise data (8-25 s) recorded by the NorthEast China Extended SeiSmic Array with 127 stations. The estimated Z/H ratios from earthquake and ambient noise data show good consistency within the overlapped periods. The observed Z/H ratio shows a good spatial correlation with surface geology and is systematically low within the basins. We jointly invert the measured Z/H ratio and phase velocity dispersion data to obtain a refined 3-D S wave velocity model beneath the NE China. At shallow depth, the 3-D model is featured by strong low-velocity anomalies that are spatially well correlated with the Songliao, Sanjiang, and Erlian basins. The low-velocity anomaly beneath the Songliao basin extends to ~ 2-3 km deep in the south and ~5-6 km in the north. At lower crustal depths, we find a significant low-velocity anomaly beneath the Great Xing'an range that extends to the upper mantle in the south. Overall, the deep structures of the 3-D model are consistent with previous models, but the shallow structures show a much better spatial correlation with tectonic terranes. The difference in sedimentary structure between the southern and northern Songliao basin is likely caused by a mantle upwelling associated with the Pacific subduction.
Buckingham Shum, Simon; Ferguson, Rebecca
2012-01-01
We propose that the design and implementation of effective "Social Learning Analytics (SLA)" present significant challenges and opportunities for both research and enterprise, in three important respects. The first is that the learning landscape is extraordinarily turbulent at present, in no small part due to technological drivers. Online social…
Boyer, Carl B
2012-01-01
Designed as an integrated survey of the development of analytic geometry, this study presents the concepts and contributions from before the Alexandrian Age through the eras of the great French mathematicians Fermat and Descartes, and on through Newton and Euler to the "Golden Age," from 1789 to 1850.
Analytics for Customer Engagement
Bijmolt, Tammo H. A.; Leeflang, Peter S. H.; Block, Frank; Eisenbeiss, Maik; Hardie, Bruce G. S.; Lemmens, Aurelie; Saffert, Peter
2010-01-01
In this article, we discuss the state of the art of models for customer engagement and the problems that are inherent to calibrating and implementing these models. The authors first provide an overview of the data available for customer analytics and discuss recent developments. Next, the authors di
Analytical Chemistry Laboratory
Anderson, Mark
2013-01-01
The Analytical Chemistry and Material Development Group maintains a capability in chemical analysis, materials R&D failure analysis and contamination control. The uniquely qualified staff and facility support the needs of flight projects, science instrument development and various technical tasks, as well as Cal Tech.
Matsumoto, Kohji
2002-01-01
The book includes several survey articles on prime numbers, divisor problems, and Diophantine equations, as well as research papers on various aspects of analytic number theory such as additive problems, Diophantine approximations and the theory of zeta and L-function Audience Researchers and graduate students interested in recent development of number theory
Freeman, Elisabeth
1996-01-01
Presents a brief history of Ada Byron King, Countess of Lovelace, focusing on her primary role in the development of the Analytical Engine--the world's first computer. Describes the Ada Project (TAP), a centralized World Wide Web site that serves as a clearinghouse for information related to women in computing, and provides a Web address for…
Multispectral analytical image fusion
With new and advanced analytical imaging methods emerging, the limits of physical analysis capabilities and furthermore of data acquisition quantities are constantly pushed, claiming high demands to the field of scientific data processing and visualisation. Physical analysis methods like Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) or Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) and others are capable of delivering high-resolution multispectral two-dimensional and three-dimensional image data; usually this multispectral data is available in form of n separate image files with each showing one element or other singular aspect of the sample. There is high need for digital image processing methods enabling the analytical scientist, confronted with such amounts of data routinely, to get rapid insight into the composition of the sample examined, to filter the relevant data and to integrate the information of numerous separate multispectral images to get the complete picture. Sophisticated image processing methods like classification and fusion provide possible solution approaches to this challenge. Classification is a treatment by multivariate statistical means in order to extract analytical information. Image fusion on the other hand denotes a process where images obtained from various sensors or at different moments of time are combined together to provide a more complete picture of a scene or object under investigation. Both techniques are important for the task of information extraction and integration and often one technique depends on the other. Therefore overall aim of this thesis is to evaluate the possibilities of both techniques regarding the task of analytical image processing and to find solutions for the integration and condensation of multispectral analytical image data in order to facilitate the interpretation of the enormous amounts of data routinely acquired by modern physical analysis instruments. (author)
Analytical chemists and dinosaurs
The role of the analytical chemist in the development of the extraterrestrial impact theory for mass extinctions at the terminal Cretaceous Period is reviewed. High iridium concentrations in Cretaceous/Tertiary boundary clays have been linked to a terrestrial impact from an iridium-rich asteroid or large meteorite som 65 million years ago. Other evidence in favour of the occurrence of such an impact has been provided by the detection of shocked quartz grains originating from impact and of amorphous carbon particles similar to soot, derived presumably from wordwide wildfires at the terminal Cretaceous. Further evidence provided by the analytical chemist involves the determination of isotopic ratios such as 144Nd/143Nd, 187Os/186Os, and 87Sr/86Sr. Countervailing arguments put forward by the gradualist school (mainly palaeontological) as opposed to the catastrophists (mainly chemists and geochemists) are also presented and discussed
Cowell, Andrew J.; Cowell, Amanda K.
2009-08-29
This paper discusses the design and use of anthropomorphic computer characters as nonplayer characters (NPC’s) within analytical games. These new environments allow avatars to play a central role in supporting training and education goals instead of planning the supporting cast role. This new ‘science’ of gaming, driven by high-powered but inexpensive computers, dedicated graphics processors and realistic game engines, enables game developers to create learning and training opportunities on par with expensive real-world training scenarios. However, there needs to be care and attention placed on how avatars are represented and thus perceived. A taxonomy of non-verbal behavior is presented and its application to analytical gaming discussed.