Flavor mediation delivers natural SUSY
Craig, Nathaniel; McCullough, Matthew; Thaler, Jesse
2012-06-01
If supersymmetry (SUSY) solves the hierarchy problem, then naturalness considerations coupled with recent LHC bounds require non-trivial superpartner flavor structures. Such "Natural SUSY" models exhibit a large mass hierarchy between scalars of the third and first two generations as well as degeneracy (or alignment) among the first two generations. In this work, we show how this specific beyond the standard model (SM) flavor structure can be tied directly to SM flavor via "Flavor Mediation". The SM contains an anomaly-free SU(3) flavor symmetry, broken only by Yukawa couplings. By gauging this flavor symmetry in addition to SM gauge symmetries, we can mediate SUSY breaking via (Higgsed) gauge mediation. This automatically delivers a natural SUSY spectrum. Third-generation scalar masses are suppressed due to the dominant breaking of the flavor gauge symmetry in the top direction. More subtly, the first-two-generation scalars remain highly degenerate due to a custodial U(2) symmetry, where the SU(2) factor arises because SU(3) is rank two. This custodial symmetry is broken only at order ( m c /m t )2. SUSY gauge coupling unification predictions are preserved, since no new charged matter is introduced, the SM gauge structure is unaltered, and the flavor symmetry treats all matter multiplets equally. Moreover, the uniqueness of the anomaly-free SU(3) flavor group makes possible a number of concrete predictions for the superpartner spectrum.
Vacuum stability bounds in Anomaly and Gaugino Mediated SUSY breaking models
Gabrielli, E; Roy, S; Gabrielli, Emidio; Huitu, Katri; Roy, Sourov
2002-01-01
We constrain the parameter space of the minimal and gaugino-assisted anomaly mediation, and gaugino mediation models by requiring that the electroweak vacuum corresponds to the deepest minimum of the scalar potential. In the framework of anomaly mediation models we find strong lower bounds on slepton and squark masses. In the gaugino mediation models the mass spectrum is forced to be at the TeV scale. We find extensive regions of the parameter space which are ruled out, even at low tan(beta). The implications of these results on the g-2 of the muon are also analyzed.
Flavor Mediation Delivers Natural SUSY
Craig, Nathaniel; Thaler, Jesse
2012-01-01
If supersymmetry (SUSY) solves the hierarchy problem, then naturalness considerations coupled with recent LHC bounds require non-trivial superpartner flavor structures. Such "Natural SUSY" models exhibit a large mass hierarchy between scalars of the third and first two generations as well as degeneracy (or alignment) among the first two generations. In this work, we show how this specific beyond the standard model (SM) flavor structure can be tied directly to SM flavor via "Flavor Mediation". The SM contains an anomaly-free SU(3) flavor symmetry, broken only by Yukawa couplings. By gauging this flavor symmetry in addition to SM gauge symmetries, we can mediate SUSY breaking via (Higgsed) gauge mediation. This automatically delivers a natural SUSY spectrum. Third-generation scalar masses are suppressed due to the dominant breaking of the flavor gauge symmetry in the top direction. More subtly, the first-two-generation scalars remain highly degenerate due to a custodial U(2) symmetry, where the SU(2) factor ari...
Datta, A; Datta, Anindya; Huitu, Katri
2003-01-01
We point out that slepton pairs produced via gauge boson fusion in anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB) model have very characteristic and almost clean signal at the Large Hadron Collider. In this letter, we discuss how one lepton associated with missing energy and produced in between two high-$p_T$ and high-mass forward jets can explore quite heavy sleptons in this scenario.
Wang, Fei; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, Mengchao
2015-01-01
We propose to interpret the 750 GeV diphoton excess in deflected anomaly mediation supersymmetry breaking scenarios, which can naturally predict the coupling between a singlet field and the vector-like messengers. The scalar component (S) of the singlet field can serve as the 750 GeV resonance. The messenger fields, whose masses are of order the gravitino scale, can be as light as F_\\phi \\sim {\\cal O}(10) TeV when the messenger species N_F and the deflection parameter 'd' are moderately large. Such light messengers can induce the large loop decay process S \\to \\gamma\\gamma. Our results show that such a scenario can successfully accommodate the 125 GeV Higgs boson, 750 GeV diphoton excess and the muon g-2 without conflicting with the LHC constraints. We also comment on the possible explanations in the gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking scenario.
Fei Wang
2016-08-01
Full Text Available We propose to interpret the 750 GeV diphoton excess in deflected anomaly mediation supersymmetry breaking scenarios, which can naturally predict couplings between a singlet field and vector-like messengers. The CP-even scalar component (S of the singlet field can serve as the 750 GeV resonance. The messenger scale, which is of order the gravitino scale, can be as light as Fϕ∼O(10 TeV when the messenger species NF and the deflection parameter d are moderately large. Such messengers can induce the large loop decay process S→γγ. Our results show that such a scenario can successfully accommodate the 125 GeV Higgs boson, the 750 GeV diphoton excess and the muon g−2 without conflicting with the LHC constraints. We also comment on the possible explanations in the gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking scenario.
Wang, Fei; Wu, Lei; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, Mengchao
2016-08-01
We propose to interpret the 750 GeV diphoton excess in deflected anomaly mediation supersymmetry breaking scenarios, which can naturally predict couplings between a singlet field and vector-like messengers. The CP-even scalar component (S) of the singlet field can serve as the 750 GeV resonance. The messenger scale, which is of order the gravitino scale, can be as light as Fϕ ∼ O (10) TeV when the messenger species NF and the deflection parameter d are moderately large. Such messengers can induce the large loop decay process S → γγ. Our results show that such a scenario can successfully accommodate the 125 GeV Higgs boson, the 750 GeV diphoton excess and the muon g - 2 without conflicting with the LHC constraints. We also comment on the possible explanations in the gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking scenario.
Flavor and CP conserving moduli mediated SUSY breaking in flux compactification
Choi, Kiwoon; Okumura, Ken-Ichi
2008-01-01
In certain class of flux compactification, moduli mediated supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking preserves flavor and CP at leading order in the perturbative expansion controlled by the vacuum expectation value of the messenger modulus. Nevertheless there still might be dangerous flavor or CP violation induced by higher order K\\"ahler potential. We examine the constraints on such SUSY breaking scheme imposed by low energy flavor and/or CP violating observables. It is found that all phenomenological constraints can be satisfied even for generic form of higher order K\\"ahler potential and sparticle spectra in the sub-TeV range, under plausible assumptions on the size of higher order correction and flavor mixing angles. This implies for instance that mirage mediation scheme of SUSY breaking, which involves such modulus mediation together with an anomaly mediation of comparable size, and also the modulus-dominated mediation realized in flux compactification can be free from the SUSY flavor and CP problems, while giving g...
SUSY CP problem in gauge mediation model
SUSY CP problem in the gauge mediation supersymmetry breaking model is reconsidered. We pay particular attention to two sources of CP violating phases whose effects were not seriously studied before; one is the effect of the breaking of the GUT relation among the gaugino masses due to the field responsible for the GUT symmetry breaking, and the other is the supergravity effect on the supersymmetry breaking parameters, in particular, on the bi-linear supersymmetry breaking Higgs mass term. We show that both of them can induce too large electric dipole moments of electron, neutron, and so on, to be consistent with the experimental bounds.
The heavy gravitino, naturalness, and sizable anomaly mediation
Maekawa, Nobuhiro; Takayama, Kenichi
2014-01-01
We consider the situation in which for solving the gravitino problem and the other supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking parameters are for the naturalness. We point out that the anomaly mediation cancels out the renormalization group contribution to the gaugino and sfermion masses other than the stop masses at a scale known as the mirage scale. The situation is similar to mirage mediation, in which special boundary conditions for the SUSY breaking parameters are required, though, for the stop masses...
Heavy gravitino, naturalness, and sizable anomaly mediation
Maekawa, Nobuhiro; Takayama, Kenichi
2014-01-01
We consider the situation in which $m_{3/2}\\sim O(100{\\rm TeV})$ for solving the gravitino problem and the other supersymmetry(SUSY) breaking parameters are $O(1{\\rm TeV})$ for the naturalness. We point out that the anomaly mediation cancels out the renormalization group contribution to the gaugino masses and the sfermion masses other than the stop masses at a scale which is called the mirage scale. The situation is similar to the mirage mediation, in which special boundary conditions for the...
Heavy gravitino, naturalness, and sizable anomaly mediation
Maekawa, Nobuhiro
2014-01-01
We consider the situation in which $m_{3/2}\\sim O(100{\\rm TeV})$ for solving the gravitino problem and the other supersymmetry(SUSY) breaking parameters are $O(1{\\rm TeV})$ for the naturalness. We point out that the anomaly mediation cancels out the renormalization group contribution to the gaugino masses and the sfermion masses other than the stop masses at a scale which is called the mirage scale. The situation is similar to the mirage mediation, in which special boundary conditions for the SUSY breaking parameters are required, though for the stop masses and the up-type Higgs mass, such cancellation at the mirage scale does not happen. Despite no cancellation for the up-type Higgs mass, we show that the little hierarchy problem becomes less severe in this situation. One advantage of this situation over the mirage mediation is that the stop mixing parameter $A_t$ can be larger and therefore, smaller stop mass is sufficient for 125 GeV Higgs. When the mirage scale is around TeV scale, the SUSY breaking param...
Lifshitz-sector mediated SUSY breaking
We propose a novel mechanism of SUSY breaking by coupling a Lorentz-invariant supersymmetric matter sector to non-supersymmetric gravitational interactions with Lifshitz scaling. The improved UV properties of Lifshitz propagators moderate the otherwise uncontrollable ultraviolet divergences induced by gravitational loops. This ensures that both the amount of induced Lorentz violation and SUSY breaking in the matter sector are controlled by ΛHL2/MP2, the ratio of the Hořava-Lifshitz cross-over scale ΛHL to the Planck scale MP. This ratio can be kept very small, providing a novel way of explicitly breaking supersymmetry without reintroducing fine-tuning. We illustrate our idea by considering a model of scalar gravity with Hořava-Lifshitz scaling coupled to a supersymmetric Wess-Zumino matter sector, in which we compute the two-loop SUSY breaking corrections to the masses of the light scalars due to the gravitational interactions and the heavy fields
SUSY breaking mediation by D-brane instantons
It is well known that D-brane instantons can generate contributions to the effective superpotential of gauge theories living on D-branes which are perturbatively forbidden by global U(1) symmetries. We extend this idea to theories with supersymmetry breaking, studying the effect of D-brane instantons stretched between the SUSY-breaking and visible sectors. Analogously to what happens in the SUSY case, this mechanism can give rise to perturbatively forbidden soft terms (among other effects). We introduce and discuss general properties of instanton mediation. We illustrate our ideas in simple Type IIB toroidal orientifolds. As a bi-product, we present a string theory realization of a Polonyi hidden sector.
Anomaly mediation deformed by axion
We show that in supersymmetric axion models the axion supermultiplet obtains a sizable F-term due to a non-supersymmetric dynamics and it generally gives the gaugino masses comparable to the anomaly mediation contribution. Thus the gaugino mass relation predicted by the anomaly mediation effect can be significantly modified in the presence of axion to solve the strong CP problem
The heavy gravitino, naturalness, and sizable anomaly mediation
We consider the situation in which m3/2∼O(100 TeV) for solving the gravitino problem and the other supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking parameters are O(1 TeV) for the naturalness. We point out that the anomaly mediation cancels out the renormalization group contribution to the gaugino and sfermion masses other than the stop masses at a scale known as the mirage scale. The situation is similar to mirage mediation, in which special boundary conditions for the SUSY breaking parameters are required, though, for the stop masses and the up-type Higgs mass, such cancellation at the mirage scale does not happen. Despite no cancellation for the up-type Higgs mass, we show that the little hierarchy problem becomes less severe in this situation. One advantage of this situation over mirage mediation is that the stop mixing parameter At can be larger and, therefore, a smaller stop mass is sufficient for the 125 GeV Higgs. When the mirage scale is around the TeV scale, the SUSY breaking parameters induced by gravity mediation on the grand unification scale can be observed directly by TeV-scale experiments
Anomaly Mediation and Fixed Point in Partially N = 2 Supersymmetric Standard Models
Yin, Wen
2016-01-01
To explain the tension between the observed Higgs boson mass and the experimental deviations from the Standard Model (SM) prediction in flavor physics, especially the experimental anomaly of the muon anomalous dipole moment (muon $g-2$), we study partially $N=2$ supersymmetric (SUSY) extensions of the SM (partially $N=2$ SSMs). In this kind of model, an $N=2$ SUSY sector is sequestered from the SUSY breaking due to $SO(2)_R$ symmetry at the tree-level. We show that the low energy physics in the $N=2$ sector is controlled by a fixed point and hence approximately UV insensitive. Moreover at this fixed point, the tachyonic slepton problem of anomaly mediation is always solved. In a concrete partially $N=2$ SSM, the muon $g-2$ anomaly is explained within the $1\\sigma$ level error with $mathcal{O}(100)$TEV cosmologically favored gravitino. We also propose some new dark matter candidates as a natural consequence of partially $N=2$ SSMs.
Gaugino-Assisted Anomaly Mediation
We present a model of supersymmetry breaking mediated through a small extra dimension. Standard model matter multiplets and a supersymmetry-breaking (or ''hidden'') sector are confined to opposite four-dimensional boundaries while gauge multiplets live in the bulk. The hidden sector does not contain a singlet and the dominant contribution to gaugino masses is via anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking. Scalar masses get contributions from both anomaly mediation and a tiny hard breaking of supersymmetry by operators on the hidden-sector boundary. These operators contribute to scalar masses at one loop and in most of parameter space, their contribution dominates. Thus it is easy to make all squared scalar masses positive. As no additional fields or symmetries are required below the Planck scale, we consider this the simplest working model of anomaly mediation. The gaugino spectrum is left untouched and the phenomenology of the model is roughly similar to anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking with a universal scalar mass added. We identify the main differences in the spectrum between this model and other approaches. We also discuss mechanisms for generating the μ term and constraints on additional bulk fields. (author)
Gaugino-assisted anomaly mediation
I present a model of supersymmetry breaking mediated through a small extra dimension. Standard model matter multiplets and a supersymmetry-breaking (or 'hidden') sector are confined to opposite four-dimensional boundaries while gauge multiplets live in the bulk. The hidden sector does not contain a singlet and the dominant contribution to gaugino masses is via anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking. Scalar masses get contributions from both anomaly mediation and a tiny hard breaking of supersymmetry by operators on the hidden-sector boundary. These operators contribute to scalar masses at one loop and in most of parameter space, their contribution dominates. Thus it is easy to make all squared scalar masses positive. As no additional fields or symmetries are required below the Planck scale, this is among the simplest working models of anomaly mediation. The gaugino spectrum is left untouched and the phenomenology of the model is roughly similar to anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking with a universal scalar mass added. Finally, the main differences in the spectrum between this model and other approaches are identified. This talk is based on work [1] done in collaboration with David E. Kaplan
Inverted effective SUSY with combined Z' and gravity mediation, and muon anomalous magnetic moment
Kim, Jihn E.
2012-01-01
Effective supersymmetry(SUSY) where stop is the lightest squark may run into a two-loop tachyonic problem in some Z' mediation models. In addition, a large A term or/and a large stop mass are needed to have about a 126 GeV Higgs boson with three families of quarks and leptons. Thus, we suggest an inverted effective SUSY(IeffSUSY) where stop mass is larger compared to those of the first two families. In this case, it is possible to have a significant correction to the anomalous magnetic moment...
Anomaly mediation in superstring theory
Conlon, Joseph P. [Rudolf Peierls Center for Theoretical Physics, Oxford (United Kingdom); Balliol College, Oxford (United Kingdom); Goodsell, Mark [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Palti, Eran [Centre de Physique Theoretique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, Palaiseau (France)
2010-08-15
We study anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking in type IIB string theory and use our results to test the supergravity formula for anomaly mediated gaugino masses. We compute 1-loop gaugino masses for models of D3-branes on orbifold singularities with 3-form fluxes by calculating the annulus correlator of 3-form flux and two gauginos in the zero momentum limit. Consistent with supergravity expectations we find both anomalous and running contributions to 1-loop gaugino masses. For background Neveu-Schwarz H-flux we find an exact match with the supergravity formula. For Ramond-Ramond flux there is an off-shell ambiguity that precludes a full matching. The anomaly mediated gaugino masses, while determined by the infrared spectrum, arise from an explicit sum over UV open string winding modes. We also calculate brane-to-brane tree-level gravity mediated gaugino masses and show that there are two contributions coming from the dilaton and from the twisted modes, which are suppressed by the full T{sup 6} volume and the untwisted T{sup 2} volume respectively. (orig.)
Anomaly mediation in superstring theory
We study anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking in type IIB string theory and use our results to test the supergravity formula for anomaly mediated gaugino masses. We compute 1-loop gaugino masses for models of D3-branes on orbifold singularities with 3-form fluxes by calculating the annulus correlator of 3-form flux and two gauginos in the zero momentum limit. Consistent with supergravity expectations we find both anomalous and running contributions to 1-loop gaugino masses. For background Neveu-Schwarz H-flux we find an exact match with the supergravity formula. For Ramond-Ramond flux there is an off-shell ambiguity that precludes a full matching. The anomaly mediated gaugino masses, while determined by the infrared spectrum, arise from an explicit sum over UV open string winding modes. We also calculate brane-to-brane tree-level gravity mediated gaugino masses and show that there are two contributions coming from the dilaton and from the twisted modes, which are suppressed by the full T6 volume and the untwisted T2 volume respectively. (orig.)
GUT-inspired SUSY and the muon g-2 anomaly: prospects for LHC 14 TeV
Kowalska, Kamila; Sessolo, Enrico Maria; Williams, Andrew J
2015-01-01
We consider the possibility that the muon g-2 anomaly, $\\delta(g-2)$, finds its origins in low energy supersymmetry (SUSY). In the general MSSM the parameter space consistent with $\\delta(g-2)$ and correct dark matter relic density of the lightest neutralino easily evades the present direct LHC limits on sparticle masses and also lies to a large extent beyond future LHC sensitivity. The situation is quite different in GUT-defined scenarios where input SUSY parameters are no longer independent. We analyze to what extent the LHC can probe a broad class of GUT-inspired SUSY models with gaugino non-universality that are currently in agreement with the bounds from $\\delta(g-2)$, as well as with the relic density and the Higgs mass measurement. To this end we perform a detailed numerical simulation of several searches for electroweakino and slepton production at the LHC and derive projections for the LHC 14 TeV run. We show that, within GUT-scale SUSY there is still plenty of room for the explanation of the muon an...
SUSY breaking mediation mechanisms and (g-2)μ, B→Xsγ, B→Xsl+l- and Bs→μ+μ-
We show that there are qualitative differences in correlations among (g-2)μ, B→Xsγ, B→Xl+l- and Bs→μ+μ- in various SUSY breaking mediation mechanisms: minimal supergravity (mSUGRA), gauge mediation (GMSB), anomaly mediation (AMSB), guagino mediation (g-tildeMSB), weakly and strongly interacting string theories, and D brane models. After imposing the direct search limits on the Higgs boson and SUSY particle search limits and B→Xsγ branching ratio, we find all the scenarios can accommodate the aμ≡(g-2)μ/2 in the range of (a few tens) x 10-10, and predict that the branching ratio for B→Xsl+l- can differ from the standard model (SM) prediction by ±20% but no more. On the other hand, the Bs→μ+μ- is sensitive to the SUSY breaking mediation mechanisms through the pseudoscalar and stop masses (mA and mt-tilde1), and the stop mixing angle. In the GMSB with a small messenger number, the AMSB, the g-tildeMSB and the noscale scenarios, one finds that B(Bs→μ+μ-)-8, which is below the search limit at the Tevatron Run II. Only the mSUGRA or string inspired models can generate a large branching ratio for this decay. (author)
Splitting Mass Spectra and Muon g-2 in Higgs-Anomaly Mediation
Yin, Wen
2016-01-01
We propose a scenario where only the Higgs multiplets have direct couplings to a supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking sector. The standard model matter multiplets as well as the gauge multiples are sequestered from the SUSY breaking sector; therefore, their masses arise via anomaly mediation at the high energy scale with a gravitino mass of $\\sim$100 TeV. Due to renormalization group running effects from the Higgs soft masses, the masses of the third generation sfermions become O(10) TeV at the low energy scale, while the first and second generation sfermion masses are O(0.1-1) TeV, avoiding the tachyonic slepton problem and flavor changing neutral current problem. With the splitting mass spectrum, the muon g-2 anomaly is explained consistently with the observed Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV. Moreover, the third generation Yukawa couplings are expected to be unified in some regions.
Hybrid anomaly-gravity mediation with flavor
We study models with contributions of similar size to the soft masses from anomaly-and gravity mediation, thereby curing the tachyonic slepton problem of anomaly mediation. A possible origin of this hybrid setup in a 5-dimensional brane world is briefly discussed. The absence of excessive flavor violation is explained by alignment. The gravitino can be heavy enough so that the gravitino problem of supersymmetric theories with leptogenesis is avoided. The model has a characteristic signature: It predicts the distinctive gaugino mass pattern of anomaly mediation and, at the same time, O(1) slepton mass splittings.
Singlet deflected anomaly/gauge mediation
de Blas, J.; Delgado, A
2011-01-01
We study an extension of the standard anomaly/gauge mediation scenario where the messenger fields have direct interactions with an extra gauge singlet. This realizes a phenomenologically viable NMSSM-like scenario free of the mu-b_mu problem. Current cosmological constraints imply a small size for the anomaly-mediation contributions, unless some source of R-parity violation is permitted. In the latter case the allowed regions in the parameter space can be substantially larger than in the corr...
Singlet deflected anomaly/gauge mediation
We study an extension of the standard anomaly/gauge mediation scenario where the messenger fields have direct interactions with an extra gauge singlet. This realizes a phenomenologically viable NMSSM-like scenario free of the μ-bμ problem. Current cosmological constraints imply a small size for the anomaly-mediation contributions, unless some source of R-parity violation is permitted. In the latter case the allowed regions in the parameter space can be substantially larger than in the corresponding gauge-mediation scenario.
Bottom-Tau Unification in Supersymmetric Model with Anomaly-Mediation
Chigusa, So
2016-01-01
We study the Yukawa unification, in particular, the unification of the Yukawa coupling constants of $b$ and $\\tau$, in the framework of supersymmetric (SUSY) model. We concentrate on the model in which the SUSY breaking scalar masses are of the order of the gravitino mass while the gaugino masses originate from the effect of anomaly mediation and hence are one-loop suppressed relative to the gravitino mass. We perform an accurate calculation of the Yukawa coupling constants of $b$ and $\\tau$ at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale, including relevant renormalization group effects and threshold corrections. In particular, we study the renormalization group effects, taking into account the mass splittings among sfermions, gauginos, and the standard model particles. We found that the Yukawa coupling constant of $b$ at the GUT scale is about $70\\ \\%$ of that of $\\tau$ if there is no hierarchy between the sfermion masses and the gravitino mass. Our results suggest sizable threshold corrections to the Yukawa coupli...
Flavour Violation in Anomaly Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking
Allanach, B. C.; Hiller, G; Jones, D. R. T.; Slavich, P.(LPTHE, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Sorbonne Universités, 4 Place Jussieu, 75252, Paris, France)
2009-01-01
32 pages, 8 figures International audience We study squark flavour violation in the anomaly mediated supersymmetry broken (AMSB) minimal supersymmetric standard model. Analytical expressions for the three-generational squark mass matrices are derived. We show that the anomaly-induced soft breaking terms have a decreasing amount of squark flavour violation when running from the GUT to the weak scale. Taking into account inter-generational squark mixing, we work out non-trivial constraint...
Purley four-dimensional viable anomaly mediation
Anomaly mediation of supersymmetry breaking solves the supersymmetric flavor problem thanks to its ultraviolet-insensitivity. However, it suffers from two problems: sleptons have negative masses-squared, and there are likely bulk moduli that spoil the framework. Here, we present the first fully ultraviolet-insensitive model of anomaly mediation with positive slepton masses-squared in a purely four-dimensional framework. Our model is based on the additional D-term contributions to the sparticle masses, and the conformal sequestering mechanism. (author)
Realistic anomaly mediation with bulk gauge fields
We present a simple general framework for realistic models of supersymmetry breaking driven by anomaly mediation. We consider a 5-dimensional 'brane universe' where the visible and hidden sectors are localized on different branes, and the standard model gauge bosons propagate in the bulk. In this framework there can be charged scalar messengers that have contact interactions with the hidden sector, either localized in the hidden sector or in the bulk. These scalars obtain soft masses that feed into visible sector scalar masses at two loop order via bulk gauge interactions. This contribution is automatically flavor-blind, and can be naturally positive. If the messengers are in the bulk this contribution is automatically the same order of magnitude as the anomaly mediated contribution, independent of the brane spacing. If the messengers are localized to a brane the two effects are of the same order for relatively small brane spacings. The gaugino masses and A terms are determined completely by anomaly mediation. In order for anomaly mediation to dominate over radion mediation the radion must be is stabilized in a manner that preserves supersymmetry, with supergravity effects included. We show that this occurs in simple models. We also show that the mu problem can be solved by the vacuum expectation value of a singlet in this framework. (author)
Multilepton signatures of gauge mediated SUSY breaking at LEPII
Cheung, Kingman; Dicus, Duane A.; Dutta, B.; Nandi, S.
1997-01-01
In the framework of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking models pair production of the lightest neutralinos, scalar leptons, or charginos at LEPII gives rise to interesting signals involving multilepton final states and missing energy. In the parameter space where the scalar tau, $\\tilde{\\tau}_1$, is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, we identify three interesting regions, which give rise to distinctly different final states: (i) 2 $\\tau$-leptons plus missing energy, (ii) 4 charge...
On Uplifted SUSY-Breaking Vacua and Direct Mediation in Generalized SQCD
Auzzi, Roberto; Giveon, Amit
2010-01-01
We search for viable models of direct gauge mediation, where the SUSY-breaking sector is (generalized) SQCD, which has cosmologically favorable uplifted vacua even when the reheating temperature is well above the messenger scale. This requires a relatively large tadpole term in the scalar potential for the spurion field X and, consequently, we argue that pure (deformed) SQCD is not a viable model. On the other hand, in SQCD with an adjoint, which is natural e.g. in string theory, assuming an appropriate sign in the Kahler potential for X, such metastable vacua are possible.
Flavorful hybrid anomaly-gravity mediation
We consider supersymmetric models where anomaly and gravity mediation give comparable contributions to the soft terms and discuss how this can be realized in a five-dimensional brane world. The gaugino mass pattern of anomaly mediation is preserved in such a hybrid setup. The flavorful gravity-mediated contribution cures the tachyonic slepton problem of anomaly mediation. The supersymmetric flavor puzzle is solved by alignment. We explicitly show how a working flavor-tachyon link can be realized with Abelian flavor symmetries and give the characteristic signatures of the framework, including O(1) slepton mass splittings between different generations and between doublets and singlets. This provides opportunities for same flavor dilepton edge measurements with missing energy at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Rare lepton decay rates could be close to their current experimental limit. Compared to pure gravity mediation, the hybrid model is advantageous because it features a heavy gravitino which can avoid the cosmological gravitino problem of gravity-mediated models combined with leptogenesis.
SUSY breaking with D term and gauge mediation
We classify supersymmetry breaking models with the F- and U(1) D-term potentials. In addition to the classification in our previous paper [1], we consider the other class where the F-term potential shows runaway behaviors. It is shown that the runaway in the F-term potential can be uplifted by the D-term effect, and supersymmetry breaking is realized. The vacuum in this class has no pseudomoduli and is useful for gauge mediation because gaugino masses are generated at the one-loop order. We provide such an example without the Fayet-Iliopoulous term.
Nakayama, Yu
2007-01-01
We show a calculable example of stable supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking models with O(10) eV gravitino mass based on the combination of D-term gauge mediation and U(1)' mediation. A potential problem of the negative mass squared for the SUSY standard model (SSM) sfermions in the D-term gauge mediation is solved by the contribution from the U(1)' mediation. On the other hand, the splitting between the SSM gauginos and sfermions in the U(1)' mediation is circumvented by the contributions from the ...
Space-time dependent couplings In N = 1 SUSY gauge theories: Anomalies and central functions
We consider N = 1 supersymmetric gauge theories in which the couplings are allowed to be space-time dependent functions. Both the gauge and the superpotential couplings become chiral superfields. As has recently been shown, a new topological anomaly appears in models with space-time dependent gauge coupling. Here we show how this anomaly may be used to derive the NSVZ β-function in a particular, well-determined renormalisation scheme, both without and with chiral matter. Moreover we extend the topological anomaly analysis to theories coupled to a classical curved superspace background, and use it to derive an all-order expression for the central charge c, the coefficient of the Weyl tensor squared contribution to the conformal anomaly. We also comment on the implications of our results for the central charge a expected to be of relevance for a four-dimensional C-theorem. (author)
Sparticle spectrum and constraints in anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking models
Huitu, K; Pandita, P N
2002-01-01
We study in detail the particle spectrum in anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking models in which supersymmetry breaking terms are induced by super-Weyl anomaly. We investigate the minimal anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking models, gaugino assisted supersymmetry breaking models, as well as models with additional residual non-decoupling D-term contributions due to an extra U(1) gauge symmetry at high energy scale. We derive sum rules for the sparticle masses in these models which can help in differentiating between them. We also obtain the sparticle spectrum numerically, and compare and contrast the results so obtained for the different types of anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking models.
The Higgs boson mass and SUSY spectra in 10D SYM theory with magnetized extra dimensions
Hiroyuki Abe
2014-11-01
Full Text Available We study the Higgs boson mass and the spectrum of supersymmetric (SUSY particles in the well-motivated particle physics model derived from a ten-dimensional supersymmetric Yang–Mills theory compactified on three factorizable tori with magnetic fluxes. This model was proposed in a previous work, where the flavor structures of the standard model including the realistic Yukawa hierarchies are obtained from non-hierarchical input parameters on the magnetized background. Assuming moduli- and anomaly-mediated contributions dominate the soft SUSY breaking terms, we study the precise SUSY spectra and analyze the Higgs boson mass in this mode, which are compared with the latest experimental data.
Anomaly mediation in local effective theories
The phenomenon known as “anomaly mediation” can be understood in a variety of ways. Rather than an anomaly, certain gaugino bilinear terms are required by local supersymmetry and gauge invariance (the derivation of these terms is in some cases related to anomalies in scale invariance or R symmetries). We explain why the gaugino bilinear is required in supersymmetric gauge theories with varying number of colors and flavors. By working in the Higgs phase, gauging a flavor group, or working below the scale of gaugino condensation, each of these theories has a local effective description in which we can identify the bilinear term, establishing its necessity in the microscopic theory. For example, in theories that exhibit gaugino condensation, the potential in the very low energy theory is supersymmetric precisely due to the relation between the nonperturbative superpotential and the gaugino bilinear terms. Similarly, the gravitino mass appears from its coupling to the gaugino bilinear
SUSY Dark Matter in Universal and Nonuniversal Gaugino Mass Models
Roy, D P
2016-01-01
We review the phenomenology of SUSY dark matter in various versions of MSSM, with universal and nonuniversal gaugino masses at the GUT scale. We start with the universal case (CMSSM), where the cosmologically compatible dark matter relic density is achieved only over some narrow regions of parameter space, involving some fine-tuning. Moreover, most of these regions are seriously challenged by the constraints from collider and direct dark matter detection experiments. Then we consider some simple and predictive nonuniversal gaugino mass models, based on SU(5) GUT. Several of these models offer viable SUSY dark matter candidates, which are compatible with the cosmic dark matter relic density and the above mentioned experimental constraints. They can be probed at the present and future collider and dark matter search experiments. Finally, we consider the nonuniversal gaugino mass model arising from anomaly mediated SUSY breaking. In this case the cosmologically compatible dark matter relic density requires dark ...
CP-safe gravity mediation and muon g − 2
We propose a CP-safe minimal supersymmetric (SUSY) standard model in gravity mediation, where the phases of the Higgs B parameter, scalar trilinear couplings, and gaugino mass parameters are all aligned. Since all dangerous CP-violating phases are suppressed, we are now safe to consider low-energy SUSY scenarios under the assumption that the SUSY flavor-changing neutral current problem is solved. As an application, we consider a gravity mediation model explaining the observed muon g−2 anomaly. The CP-safe property originates in two simple assumptions: SUSY breaking in the Kähler potential and the shift symmetry of a SUSY-breaking field Z. As a result of the shift symmetry, the imaginary part of Z behaves as a QCD (quantum chromodynamics) axion, leading to an intriguing possibility: the strong CP problem in QCD and the SUSY CP problem are solved simultaneously
Distinguishing anomaly-mediation from gauge-mediation with a Wino NLSP
Kribs, G D
2000-01-01
A striking consequence of supersymmetry breaking communicated purely via the superconformal anomaly is that the gaugino masses are proportional to the gauge beta functions. This result, however, is not unique to anomaly-mediation. We present examples of ``generalized'' gauge-mediated models with messengers in standard model representations that give nearly identical predictions for the gaugino masses, but positive (mass)^2 for all sleptons. There are remarkable similarities between an anomaly-mediated model with a small additional universal mass added to all scalars and the gauge-mediated models with a long-lived Wino next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP), leading to only a small set of observables that provide robust distinguishing criteria. These include ratios of the heaviest to lightest selectrons, smuons, and stops. The sign of the gluino soft mass an unambiguous distinction, but requires measuring a difficult class of one-loop radiative corrections to sparticle interactions. A high precision m...
Electroweak Symmetry Breaking via UV Insensitive Anomaly Mediation
Kitano, Ryuichiro; Murayama, Hitoshi; Kitano, Ryuichiro; Kribs, Graham D.; Murayama, Hitoshi
2004-01-01
Anomaly mediation solves the supersymmetric flavor and CP problems. This is because the superconformal anomaly dictates that supersymmetry breaking is transmitted through nearly flavor-blind infrared physics that is highly predictive and UV insensitive. Slepton mass squareds, however, are predicted to be negative. This can be solved by adding D-terms for U(1)_Y and U(1)_{B-L} while retaining the UV insensitivity. In this paper we consider electroweak symmetry breaking via UV insensitive anomaly mediation in several models. For the MSSM we find a stable vacuum when tanbeta < 1, but in this region the top Yukawa coupling blows up only slightly above the supersymmetry breaking scale. For the NMSSM, we find a stable electroweak breaking vacuum but with a chargino that is too light. Replacing the cubic singlet term in the NMSSM superpotential with a term linear in the singlet we find a stable vacuum and viable spectrum. Most of the parameter region with correct vacua requires a large superpotential coupling, pr...
Anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking and its test in linear colliders
Roy, S
2004-01-01
Signatures of anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking in linear colliders are briefly reviewed after presenting an outline of the theoretical framework. A unique and distinct feature of a large class of models of this type is a winolike chargino which is very closely degenerate in mass with the lightest neutralino. The very slow decay of this chargino results in a heavily ionizing charged track and one soft charged pion with a characteristic momentum distribution, leading to unique signals in linear colliders which are essentially free of background. The determination of chargino and slepton masses from such events is a distinctly interesting possibility.
Search for SUSY in the AMSB scenario with the DELPHI detector
Abdallah, J; Adam, W; Adzic, P; Albrecht, T; Alderweireld, T; Alemany-Fernandez, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Amaldi, Ugo; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anashkin, E; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Anjos, N; Antilogus, P; Apel, W D; Arnoud, Y; Ask, S; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, Paul; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barbier, R; Bardin, Dimitri Yuri; Barker, G; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, Marco; Baubillier, M; Becks, K H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benekos, N C; Benvenuti, Alberto C; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Berntzon, L; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Besson, N; Bloch, D; Blom, M; Bluj, M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Botner, O; Bouquet, B; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bracko, M; Brenner, R; Brodet, E; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Bugge, L; Buschmann, P; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Castro, N; Cavallo, F R; Chapkin, M M; Charpentier, P; Checchia, P; Chierici, R; Shlyapnikov, P; Chudoba, J; Chung, S U; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M J; Crennell, D J; Cuevas-Maestro, J; D'Hondt, J; Dalmau, J; Da Silva, T; Da Silva, W; Della Ricca, G; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Maria, N; De Min, A; De Paula, L S; Di Ciaccio, Lucia; Di Simone, A; Doroba, K; Drees, J; Dris, M; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, M; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferro, F; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J A; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gavillet, P; Gazis, E N; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; Graziani, E; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hamilton, K; Haug, S; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Hennecke, M; Herr, H; Hoffman, J; Holmgren, S O; Holt, P J; Houlden, M A; Hultqvist, K; Jackson, J N; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Johansson, P D; Jonsson, P; Joram, C; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E C; Kernel, G; Kersevan, Borut P; Kerzel, U; Kiiskinen, A P; King, B T; Kjaer, N J; Kluit, P; Kokkinias, P; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krumshtein, Z; Kucharczyk, M; Lamsa, J; Leder, G; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lepeltier, V; Lesiak, T; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lopes, J H; López, J M; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McNulty, R; Meroni, C; Migliore, E; Mitaroff, W A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Mönig, K; Monge, R; Montenegro, J; Moraes, D; Moreno, S; Morettini, P; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mundim, L M; Murray, W; Muryn, B; Myatt, Gerald; Myklebust, T; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, Francesco Luigi; Nawrocki, K; Nicolaidou, R; Nikolenko, M; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevskii, A G; Onofre, A; Orava, Risto; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Palacios, J P; Palka, H; Papadopoulou, T D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Peralta, L; Perepelitsa, V F; Perrotta, A; Petrolini, A; Piedra, J; Pieri, L; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Poropat, P; Pozdnyakov, V; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, Antonio; Rames, J; Ramler, L; Read, A; Rebecchi, P; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Rivero, M; Rodríguez, D; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Roudeau, Patrick; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ryabtchikov, D; Sadovskii, A; Salmi, L; Salt, J; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schwickerath, U; Segar, A; Sekulin, R L; Siebel, M; Sissakian, A N; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O G; Sokolov, A; Sopczak, A; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Stanitzki, M; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Szumlak, T; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Taffard, A C; Tegenfeldt, F; Timmermans, J; Tkatchev, L G; Tobin, M; Todorovova, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortosa, P; Travnicek, P; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; van Dam, P; Van Eldik, J; Van Lysebetten, A; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I B; Vegni, G; Veloso, F; Venus, W A; Verdier, P; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J H; Wilkinson, G; Winter, M; Witek, M; Yushchenko, O P; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, Piotr; Zavrtanik, D; Zhuravlov, V; Zimin, N I; Zinchenko, A I; Zupan, M
2004-01-01
The DELPHI experiment at the LEP e+e- collider collected almost 700 pb^-1 at centre-of-mass energies above the Z0 mass pole and up to 208 GeV. Those data were used to search for SUSY in the Anomaly Mediated SUSY Breaking (AMSB) scenario with a flavour independent common sfermion mass parameter. The searches covered several possible signatures experimentally accessible at LEP, with either the neutralino, the sneutrino or the stau being the Lightest Supersymmetric Particle (LSP). They included: the search for nearly mass-degenerate chargino and neutralino, which is a typical feature of AMSB; the search for Standard-Model-like or invisibly decaying Higgs boson; the search for stable staus; the search for cascade decays of SUSY particles resulting in the LSP and a low multiplicity final state containing neutrinos. No evidence of a signal was found, and thus constraints were set in the space of the parameters of the model.
Arganda, Ernesto, E-mail: ernesto.arganda@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [IFLP, CONICET – Dpto. de Física, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Lorenzo Diaz-Cruz, J., E-mail: jldiaz@fcfm.buap.mx [Facultad de Ciencias Físico-Matemáticas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Puebla (Mexico); Szynkman, Alejandro, E-mail: szynkman@fisica.unlp.edu.ar [IFLP, CONICET – Dpto. de Física, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)
2013-05-13
The new SM-like Higgs boson discovered recently at the LHC, with mass m{sub h}≃125 GeV, as well as the direct LHC bounds on the mass of superpartners, which are entering into the TeV range, suggest that the minimal surviving supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM), should be characterized by a heavy SUSY-breaking scale. Several variants of the MSSM have been proposed to account for this result, which vary according to the accepted degree of fine-tuning. We propose an alternative scenario here, Slim SUSY, which contains sfermions with multi-TeV masses and gauginos/higgsinos near the EW scale, but it includes the heavy MSSM Higgs bosons (H{sup 0}, A{sup 0}, H{sup ±}) near the EW scale too. We discuss first the formulation and constraints of the Slim SUSY scenario, and then identify distinctive heavy Higgs signals that could be searched at the LHC, within scenarios with the minimal number of superpartners with masses near the EW scale.
TeV Scale Mirage Mediation and Natural Little SUSY Hierarchy
Choi, Kiwoon; Jeong, Kwang Sik; Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Okumura, Ken-ichi
2006-01-01
TeV scale mirage mediation has been proposed as a supersymmetry breaking scheme reducing the fine tuning for electroweak symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. We discuss a moduli stabilization set-up for TeV scale mirage mediation which allows an extra-dimensional interpretation for the origin of supersymmetry breaking and naturally gives an weak-scale size of the Higgs B-parameter. The set-up utilizes the holomorphic gauge kinetic functions dependin...
Naturalness-guided Gluino Mass Bound from the Minimal Mixed Mediation of SUSY Breaking
Kim, Doyoun
2015-01-01
In order to significantly reduce the fine-tuning associated with the electroweak symmetry breaking in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), we consider not only the minimal gravity mediation effects but also the minimal gauge mediation ones for a common supersymmetry breaking source at a hidden sector. In this "Minimal Mixed Mediation model," the minimal forms for the Kahler potential and the gauge kinetic function are employed at tree level. The MSSM gaugino masses are radiatively generated through the gauge mediation. Since a "focus point" of the soft Higgs mass parameter, m_{h_u}^2 appears around 3-4 TeV energy scale in this case, m_{h_u}^2 is quite insensitive to stop masses. Instead, the naturalness of the small m_{h_u}^2 is more closely associated with the gluino mass rather than the stop mass unlike the conventional scenario. As a result, even a 3-4 TeV stop mass, which is known to explain the 125 GeV Higgs mass at three-loop level, can still be compatible with the naturalness of the electr...
Reducing the Fine-Tuning of Gauge-Mediated SUSY Breaking
Casas, J Alberto; Robles, Sandra; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof
2016-01-01
Despite their appealing features, models with gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB) typically present a high degree of fine-tuning, due to the initial absence of the top trilinear scalar couplings, $A_t=0$. In this paper, we carefully evaluate such a fine-tuning, showing that is of the order a few per ten thousand in the minimal model. Then, we examine some existing proposals to improve the situation, by incorporating mechanisms to generate the desired $A_t$ term. We find that, although the stops can be made lighter, usually the fine-tuning does not improve (it may be even worse), with the exception of the scenario proposed by Basirnia et al., which involves tree-level generated $A_t$. We explore this scenario, proposing a conceptually simplified version which is arguably the optimum GMSB setup (with minimal matter content), concerning the fine-tuning issue. In this model, the fine-tuning can be improved compared to other MSSM constructions. We also explore the so-called "little $A_t^2/m^2$ problem", i...
Prospects for Mirage Mediation
Pierce, Aaron; Thaler, Jesse
2006-01-01
Mirage mediation reduces the fine-tuning in the minimal supersymmetric standard model by dynamically arranging a cancellation between anomaly-mediated and modulus-mediated supersymmetry breaking. We explore the conditions under which a mirage "messenger scale" is generated near the weak scale and the little hierarchy problem is solved. We do this by explicitly including the dynamics of the SUSY-breaking sector needed to cancel the cosmological constant. The most plausible scenario for generat...
Online-Offline, 1999
1999-01-01
This theme issue on anomalies includes Web sites, CD-ROMs and software, videos, books, and additional resources for elementary and junior high school students. Pertinent activities are suggested, and sidebars discuss UFOs, animal anomalies, and anomalies from nature; and resources covering unexplained phenonmenas like crop circles, Easter Island,…
Lunghi, E.
1999-01-01
We study the semileptonic decays B -> Xs e+ e-, B -> Xs mu+ mu- in generic supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model. SUSY effects are parameterized using the mass insertion approximation formalism and differences with MSSM results are pointed out. Constraints on SUSY contributions coming from other processes (e.g. b -> s gamma) are taken into account. Chargino and gluino contributions to photon and Z-mediated decays are computed and non-perturbative corrections are considered. We find ...
g-2 of the muon in SUSY Models with Gauge Multiplets in the Bulk of Extra-Dimensions
Enqvist, Kari; Huitu, K; Enqvist, Kari; Gabrielli, Emidio; Huitu, Katri
2001-01-01
We analyze the supersymmetric contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (a_\\mu) in the framework of pure and gaugino-assisted anomaly mediation models, and gaugino mediation models. In the last two models the gauge multiplets propagate in the higher dimensional bulk, providing a natural mechanism for solving the problem of negative squared slepton masses present in the pure anomaly mediation models. In the light of the new BNL results for a_\\mu, we found that the pure and gaugino-assisted anomaly mediation models are almost excluded by the BNL constraints at 2\\sigma level when combined with CLEO constraints on b->sg at 90 % of C.L. In contrast, the gaugino mediation models provide extensive regions in the SUSY parameter space where both of these constraints are satisfied.
Antonella Del Rosso
2012-01-01
Recent information from the LHC experiments, the relatively low mass of the new boson and other data coming from experiments looking for dark matter worldwide are placing new constraints on the existence of supersymmetry (SUSY). However, there is a large community of scientists that still believes that SUSY particles are out there. Like lost keys at night, perhaps we have been looking for SUSY under the wrong lamp-posts… Can you work out this rebus? Source: Caroline Duc. So far, SUSY is “just” a theoretical physics model, which could solve problems beyond the Standard Model by accounting for dark matter and other phenomena in the Universe. However, SUSY has not been spotted so far, and might be hiding because of features different from what physicists previously expected. “Currently, there is no evidence for SUSY, but neither has any experimental data ruled it out. Many searches have focused on simplified versions of the theory but, given the recen...
Radiative natural SUSY spectrum from deflected AMSB scenario with messenger-matter interactions
Wang, Fei; Zhang, Yang
2016-01-01
A radiative natural SUSY spectrum are proposed in the deflected anomaly mediation scenario with general messenger-matter interactions. Due to the contributions from the new interactions, positive slepton masses as well as a large |A_t| term can naturally be obtained with either sign of deflection parameter and few messenger species (thus avoid the possible Landau pole problem). In this scenario, in contrast to the ordinary (radiative) natural SUSY scenario with under-abundance of dark matter (DM), the DM can be the mixed bino-higgsino and have the right relic density. The 125 GeV Higgs mass can also be easily obtained in our scenario. Most parameter space can evade the future DM direct detection experiments.
Radiative natural SUSY spectrum from deflected AMSB scenario with messenger-matter interactions
Wang, Fei; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, Yang
2016-04-01
A radiative natural SUSY spectrum are proposed in the deflected anomaly mediation scenario with general messenger-matter interactions. Due to the contributions from the new interactions, positive slepton masses as well as a large | A t | term can naturally be obtained with either sign of deflection parameter and few messenger species (thus avoid the possible Landau pole problem). In this scenario, in contrast to the ordinary (radiative) natural SUSY scenario with under-abundance of dark matter (DM), the DM can be the mixed bino-higgsino and have the right relic density. The 125 GeV Higgs mass can also be easily obtained in our scenario. The majority of low EW fine tuning points can be covered by the XENON-1T direct detection experiments.
Anomaly-mediation and sequestering from a higher-dimensional viewpoint
We study a five-dimensional supergravity model with boundary-localized visible sector exhibiting anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking, in which the central requirements of sequestering and radius stabilization are achieved perturbatively. This makes it possible to understand these various mechanisms in a more integrated and transparent fashion, mostly from the higher-dimensional viewpoint. Local supersymmetry, in the presence of visible sector quantum effects, is enforced by the formalism of the five-dimensional superconformal tensor calculus. The construction results in only mild warping, which allows a natural supersymmetry-breaking mediation mechanism of (finite) boundary-to-boundary gravity loops to co-dominate with anomaly-mediation, thereby solving the latter's tachyonic slepton problem. We make the non-trivial check that this can occur while dangerous loops of stabilizing fields remain highly suppressed. Our discussion is a well-controlled starting point for considering other generalizations of anomaly-mediation, or for string theory realizations.
One-loop anomaly mediated scalar masses and (g - 2)μ in pure gravity mediation
We consider the effects of non-universalities among sfermion generations in models of PureGravity Mediation (PGM). In PGM models and in many models with strongly stabilized moduli, the gravitino mass may be O(100) TeV, whereas gaugino masses, generated through anomalies at one loop, remain relatively light O(1) TeV. In models with scalar mass universality, input scalar masses are generally very heavy (m0 ≅ m3/2), resulting in a mass spectrum resembling that in split supersymmetry. However, if one adopts a no-scale or partial no-scale structure for theKahler manifold, sfermion masses may vanish at the tree level. It is usually assumed that the leading order anomaly mediated contribution to scalar masses appears at two loops. However, there are at least two possible sources for one-loop scalar masses. These may arise if Pauli.Villars fields are introduced as messengers of supersymmetry breaking. We consider the consequences of a spectrum in which the scalar masses associated with the third generation are heavy (order m3/2) with one-loop scalar masses for the first two generations. A similar spectrum is expected to arise in GUT models based on E7/SO(10) where the first two generations of scalars act as pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone bosons. Explicit breaking of this symmetry by the gauge couplings then generates one-loop masses for the first two generations. In particular, we show that it may be possible to reconcile the gμ - 2 discrepancy with potentially observable scalars and gauginos at the LHC. (orig.)
Curtin, David; Tien, Pin-Ju
2014-01-01
The basic principle of naturalness has driven the majority of the LHC program, but so far all searches for new physics beyond the SM have come up empty. On the other hand, existing measurements of SM processes contain interesting anomalies, which allow for the possibility of new physics with mass scales very close to the Electroweak Scale. In this paper we show that SUSY could have stops with masses ~ O(200) GeV based on an anomaly in the WW cross section, measured by both ATLAS and CMS at 7 and 8 TeV. In particular we show that there are several different classes of stop driven scenarios that not only evade all direct searches, but improve the agreement with the data in the SM measurement of the WW cross section.
Fuks, Benjamin [Strasbourg Univ. (France). Inst. Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien; Herrmann, Bjoern [Savoie Univ., Annecy-le-Vieux (France). LAPTh; Klasen, Michael [Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik 1
2011-12-15
In minimal anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking models, tachyonic sleptons are avoided by introducing a common scalar mass similar to the one introduced in minimal supergravity. This may lead to non-minimal flavour-violating interactions, e.g., in the squark sector. In this paper, we analyze the viable anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking parameter space in the light of the latest limits on low-energy observables and LHC searches, complete our analytical calculations of flavour-violating supersymmetric particle production at hadron colliders with those related to gluino production, and study the phenomenological consequences of non-minimal flavour violation in anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking scenarios at the LHC. Related cosmological aspects are also briefly discussed.
A. Masiero(SISSA-ISAS and INFN, Trieste); Silvestrini, L.
1996-01-01
B physics represents a privileged place to look for supersymmetry (SUSY) through its virtual effects. Here we discuss rare B decays ($b \\to s \\gamma$, $b \\to s g$, $b \\to s l^{+} l^{-}$) and $B-\\bar{B}$ oscillations in the context of low-energy SUSY. We outline the variety of predictions that arise according to the choice of the SUSY extension ranging from what we call the ``minimal" version of the MSSM to models without flavour universality or with broken R-parity. In particular, we provide ...
From A to Z': Combining Anomaly and Z' Mediation of Supersymmetry Breaking
Combining anomaly with Z' mediation allows us to solve the tachyonic slepton problem of the former and avoid fine tuning in the latter. We describe how the two mechanisms can be combined, and some of the phenomenology of such a joint scenario.
Clayton, Marian
1982-01-01
First grade teacher Susie Jablinske talks about her teaching experience in this interview. The conversation covers her background, the role of teacher militancy on educational quality, teaching conditions in her school, and her teaching methods. (AM)
In these lectures, the author discusses the theoretical motivation for supersymmetric theories and introduce the minimal low energy effective supersymmetric theory, (MSSM). I consider only the MSSM and its simplest grand unified extension here. Some of the other possible low-energy SUSY models are summarized. The particles and their interactions are examined in detail in the next sections and a grand unified SUSY model presented which gives additional motivation for pursuing supersymmetric theories
Gates, S. James, Jr.
2014-10-01
When CERN's Large Hadron Collider failed to uncover evidence of new "superpartner" particles during its first run, some claimed that the theory that predicts them - known as supersymmetry, or SUSY - should be abandoned. S James Gates, Jr, however, argues that giving up on SUSY now would be like concluding that giant sequoia trees do not exist after surveying only the east coast of North America, and that there is more at stake than meets the eye.
A striking consequence of supersymmetry breaking communicated purely via the superconformal anomaly is that the gaugino masses are proportional to the gauge β functions. This result, however, is not unique to anomaly mediation. We present examples of ''generalized'' gauge-mediated models with messengers in standard model representations that give nearly identical predictions for the gaugino masses, but positive (mass)2 for all sleptons. There are remarkable similarities between an anomaly-mediated model with a small additional universal mass added to all scalars and the gauge-mediated models with a long-lived W-ino next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle, leading to only a small set of observables that provide robust distinguishing criteria. These include ratios of the heaviest to lightest selectrons, smuons, and top squarks. The sign of the gluino soft mass is an unambiguous distinction, but requires measuring a difficult class of one-loop radiative corrections to sparticle interactions. A high precision measurement of the Higgs-boson-b-b(bar sign) coupling is probably the most promising interaction from which this sign might be extracted. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society
SUSY models under siege: LHC constraints and electroweak fine-tuning
Baer, Howard; Mickelson, Dan; Padeffke-Kirkland, Maren
2014-01-01
Recent null results from LHC8 SUSY searches along with the discovery of a SM-like Higgs boson with mass m(h)~ 125.5 GeV indicates sparticle masses in the TeV range, causing tension with conventional measures of electroweak fine-tuning. We propose a simple Fine-tuning Rule which should be followed under any credible evaluation of fine-tuning. We believe that overestimates of electroweak fine-tuning by conventional measures all arise from violations of this rule. We show that to gain accord with the Fine-tuning Rule, then both Higgs mass and the traditional \\Delta_{BG} fine-tuning measures reduce to the model-independent electroweak fine-tuning measure \\Delta_{EW}. This occurs by combining dependent contributions to m(Z) or m(h) into independent units. Then, using \\Delta_{EW}, we evaluate EW fine-tuning for a variety of SUSY models including mSUGRA, NUHM1, NUHM2, mGMSB, mAMSB, hyper-charged AMSB and nine cases of mixed moduli-anomaly (mirage) mediated SUSY breaking models (MMAMSB) whilst respecting LHC Higgs ma...
Prospects for mirage mediation
Mirage mediation reduces the fine-tuning in the minimal supersymmetric standard model by dynamically arranging a cancellation between anomaly-mediated and modulus-mediated supersymmetry breaking. We explore the conditions under which a mirage 'messenger scale' is generated near the weak scale and the little hierarchy problem is solved. We do this by explicitly including the dynamics of the SUSY-breaking sector needed to cancel the cosmological constant. The most plausible scenario for generating a low mirage scale does not readily admit an extra-dimensional interpretation. We also review the possibilities for solving the μ/Bμ problem in such theories, a potential hidden source of fine-tuning
Given that there is currently no direct evidence for supersymmetric particles at the LHC it is timely to re-evaluate the need for low scale supersymmetry and to ask whether it is likely to be discoverable by the LHC running at its full energy. We review the status of simple SUSY extensions of the Standard Model in the light of the Higgs discovery and the non-observation of evidence for SUSY at the LHC. The need for large radiative corrections to drive the Higgs mass up to 126 GeV and for the coloured SUSY states to be heavy to explain their non-observation introduces a little hierarchy problem and we discuss how to quantify the associated fine tuning. The requirement of low fine tuning requires non-minimal SUSY extensions and we discuss the nature and phenomenology of models which still have perfectly acceptable low fine tuning. A brief discussion of SUSY flavour-changing and CP-violation problems and their resolution is presented. (orig.)
Zhuang, Xuai; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
Despite the absence of experimental evidence, weak scale supersymmetry remains one of the best motivated and studied Standard Model extensions. This talk summarises recent ATLAS results for searches for supersymmetric (SUSY) particles, with focus on those obtained using proton-proton collisions at a centre of mass energy of 13 TeV using 2015+2016 data. The searches with final states including jets, missing transverse momentum, light leptons will be presented.
Lorenz, Jeanette; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
Analyzing 3.2 fb$^{-1}$ of proton--proton collision data at $\\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, delivered by the LHC and recorded by the ATLAS detector in Run 2, various SUSY searches for gluinos, stops and sbottoms were pursued. The analyses focus on simple and robust analyses techniques and are optimized for specific benchmark signatures. Stringent limits significantly superseding the Run 1 limits are obtained.
Kim, Hyung Do
2012-01-01
New SUSY thought is presented. Maximal stop mixing needed for 125 GeV Higgs is linked to the tachyonic stop at the UV boundary. Large $\\mu$ does not mean the severe fine tuning if Higgs comes out as a pseudo-Goldstone boson. The small mass of the pseudo-Goldstone Higgs is overcome with extra vector-like fermions needed to explain the Higgs to di-photon rates.
Papucci, Michele; Ruderman, Joshua T. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group; California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Weiler, Andreas [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theoretical Physics Div.
2011-10-31
The first 1 fb{sup -1} of LHC searches have set impressive limits on new colored particles decaying to missing energy. We address the implication of these searches for naturalness in supersymmetry (SUSY). General bottom-up considerations of natural electroweak symmetry breaking show that higgsinos, stops, and the gluino should not be too far above the weak scale. The rest of the spectrum, including the squarks of the first two generations, can be heavier and beyond the current LHC reach. We have used collider simulations to determine the limits that all of the 1 fb{sup -1} searches pose on higgsinos, stops, and the gluino. We find that stops and the left-handed sbottom are starting to be constrained and must be heavier than about 200-300 GeV when decaying to higgsinos. The gluino must be heavier than about 600-800 GeV when it decays to stops and sbottoms. While these findings point toward scenarios with a lighter third generation split from the other squarks, we do find that moderately-tuned regions remain, where the gluino is just above 1 TeV and all the squarks are degenerate and light. Among all the searches, jets plus missing energy and same-sign dileptons often provide the most powerful probes of natural SUSY. Overall, our results indicate that natural SUSY has survived the first 1 fb{sup -1} of data. The LHC is now on the brink of exploring the most interesting region of SUSY parameter space. (orig.)
Stark, Giordon; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
In this talk, I present a discussion of techniques used in supersymmetry searches in papers published by the ATLAS Collaboration from late Run 1 to early Run 2. The goal is to highlight concepts the analyses have in common, why/how they work, and possible SUSY searches that could benefit from boosted studies. Theoretical background will be provided for reference to encourage participants to explore in depth on their own time.
Baumgart, Matthew; Zorawski, Thomas
2014-01-01
Radiative flavor models where the hierarchies of Standard Model (SM) fermion masses and mixings are explained via loop corrections are elegant ways to solve the SM flavor puzzle. Here we build such a model in the context of Mini-Split Supersymmetry (SUSY) where both flavor and SUSY breaking occur at a scale of 1000 TeV. This model is consistent with the observed Higgs mass, unification, and WIMP dark matter. The high scale allows large flavor mixing among the sfermions, which provides part of the mechanism for radiative flavor generation. In the deep UV, all flavors are treated democratically, but at the SUSY breaking scale, the third, second, and first generation Yukawa couplings are generated at tree level, one loop, and two loops, respectively. Save for one, all the dimensionless parameters in the theory are O(1), with the exception being a modest and technically natural tuning that explains both the smallness of the bottom Yukawa coupling and the largeness of the Cabibbo angle.
Dova, MT; The ATLAS collaboration
2012-01-01
This is a talk on Search for SUSY at LHC (ATLAS + CMS) to be presented at SILAFAE2012 (IX Simposio Latinoamericano de Fisica de Altas Energías) to be held in Sao Paulo, Brazil (10-14 December) . The content of the slides is mainly with results presented at SUSY2012 with a few updates from HCP results.
SUSY naturalness without prejudice
Ghilencea, D. M.
2013-01-01
Unlike the Standard Model (SM), supersymmetric models stabilize the electroweak (EW) scale $v$ at the quantum level and {\\it predict} that $v$ is a function of the TeV-valued SUSY parameters ($\\gamma_\\alpha$) of the UV Lagrangian. We show that the (inverse of the) covariance matrix of the model in the basis of these parameters and the usual deviation $\\delta\\chi^2$ (from $\\chi^2_{min}$ of a model) automatically encode information about the "traditional" EW fine-tuning measuring this stability...
Berggren, Mikael
2013-01-01
At the ILC, one has the possibility to search for SUSY in an model-independent way: The corner-stone of SUSY is that sparticles couple as particles. This is independent of the mechanism responsible for SUSY breaking. Any model will have one Lightest SUSY Particle (LSP), and one Next to Lightest SUSY Particle (NLSP). In models with conserved R-parity, the NLSP must decay solely to the LSP and the SM partner of the NLSP. Therefore, studying NLSP production and decay can be regarded as a "simplified model without simplification": Any SUSY model will have such a process. The NLSP could be any sparticle: a slepton, an electroweak-ino, or even a squark. However, since there are only a finite number of sparticles, one can systematically search for signals of all possible NLSP:s. This way, the entire space of models that have a kinematicall y reachable NLSP can be covered. For any NLSP, the "worst case" can be determined, since the SUSY principle allows to calculate the cross-section once the NLSP nature and mass are...
Interpretation of Higgs and SUSY searches in MSUGRA and GMSB models
De Vivie de Régie, J B
2000-01-01
Higgs and SUSY searches performed by the ALEPH experiment at LEP are interpreted in the framework of two constrained R-parity conserving models: minimal supergravity and minimal gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking. (4 refs).
SUSY Flavor Problem and Warped Geometry
Choi, Kiwoon; Kim, Do Young; Kim, Ian-Woo; Kobayashi, Tatsuo
2003-01-01
We point out that supersymmetric warped geometry can provide a solution to the SUSY flavor problem, while generating hierarchical Yukawa couplings. In supersymmetric theories in a slice of AdS_5 with the Kaluza-Klein scale M_KK much higher than the weak scale, if all visible fields originate from 5D bulk fields and supersymmetry breaking is mediated by the bulk radion superfield and/or some brane chiral superfields, potentially dangerous soft scalar masses and trilinear $A$ parameters at M_KK...
Post LHC8 SUSY benchmark points for ILC physics
We re-evaluate prospects for supersymmetry at the proposed International Linear e+e- Collider (ILC) in light of the first two years of serious data taking at LHC: LHC7 with ∝5 fb-1 of pp collisions at √(s)=7 TeV and LHC8 with ∝20 fb-1 at √(s)=8 TeV. Strong new limits from LHC8 SUSY searches, along with the discovery of a Higgs boson with mh≅125 GeV, suggest a paradigm shift from previously popular models to ones with new and compelling signatures. After a review of the current status of supersymmetry, we present a variety of new ILC benchmark models, including: natural SUSY, radiatively-driven natural SUSY (RNS), NUHM2 with low mA, a focus point case from mSUGRA/CMSSM, non-universal gaugino mass (NUGM) model, τ-coannihilation, Kallosh-Linde/spread SUSY model, mixed gauge-gravity mediation, normal scalar mass hierarchy (NMH), and one example with the recently discovered Higgs boson being the heavy CP-even state H. While all these models at present elude the latest LHC8 limits, they do offer intriguing case study possibilities for ILC operating at √(s)≅ 0.25-1 TeV. The benchmark points also present a view of the widely diverse SUSY phenomena which might still be expected in the post LHC8 era at both LHC and ILC.
Low-scale gauge mediation with a 100 TeV gravitino
Asano, Masaki; Nakai, Yuichiro; Yokozaki, Norimi
2016-03-01
We propose a new framework of low-scale gauge-mediated supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking with a gravitino mass of O(100 ) TeV . The usual 4D gauge mediation models predict a light gravitino and suffer from cosmological problems. In our framework, a heavy gravitino in gauge mediation is realized with a flat extra dimension, whose compactification scale is around the grand unified theory scale. Superparticle masses of the visible sector from gravity/anomaly mediation are suppressed, and they are purely generated by the usual gauge mediation on the visible brane. Importantly, the Higgs Bμ-term vanishes at the leading order, which enables us to obtain the suitable μ -Bμ relation for the electroweak symmetry breaking. We discuss such models considering two possibilities of the SUSY breaking source: (1) Scherk-Schwarz SUSY breaking which we call Scherk-Schwarz gauge mediation and (2) gravitational SUSY breaking localized on a hidden brane. In case (2), the cosmological moduli problem may be relaxed as well.
Low-Scale Gauge Mediation with a 100 TeV Gravitino
Asano, Masaki; Yokozaki, Norimi
2015-01-01
We propose a new framework of low-scale gauge-mediated supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking with a gravitino mass of O(100) TeV. The usual 4D gauge mediation models predict a light gravitino and suffer from cosmological problems. In our framework, a heavy gravitino in gauge mediation is realized with a flat extra-dimension, whose compactification scale is around the grand unified theory scale. Superparticle masses of the visible sector from gravity/anomaly mediation are suppressed, and they are purely generated by usual gauge mediation on the visible brane. Importantly, the Higgs Bmu-term vanishes at the leading order, which enables us to obtain the suitable mu-Bmu relation for the electroweak symmetry breaking. We discuss such models considering two possibilities of the SUSY breaking source: 1) Scherk-Schwarz SUSY breaking which we call Scherk-Schwarz Gauge Mediation and 2) gravitational SUSY breaking localized on a hidden brane. In the case 2), the cosmological moduli problem may be relaxed as well.
Four Generations: SUSY and SUSY Breaking
Godbole, Rohini M; Wingerter, Akin
2009-01-01
We revisit four generations within the context of supersymmetry. We compute the perturbativity limits for the fourth generation Yukawa couplings and show that if the masses of the fourth generation lie within reasonable limits of their present experimental lower bounds, it is possible to have perturbativity only up to scales around 1000 TeV. Such low scales are ideally suited to incorporate gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking, where the mediation scale can be as low as 10-20 TeV. The minimal messenger model, however, is highly constrained. While lack of electroweak symmetry breaking rules out a large part of the parameter space, a small region exists, where the fourth generation stau is tachyonic. General gauge mediation with its broader set of boundary conditions is better suited to accommodate the fourth generation.
SUSY Invariants from the BRST Cohomology of the SOSO Model
Dixon, John A
2015-01-01
The SOSO action is an irreducible action for a complex massive superspin one half representation of SUSY, made from spin one half superfields. The theory requires `BRST recycling' to find appropriate nilpotent BRST transformations. A superfield treatment is probably not available, which means that mass terms, possible anomalies, and couplings to other representations, are all to be found using BRST cohomology. In two earlier papers two mass terms and a potential anomaly were examined, without explaining how they arose from the BRST cohomology. This paper is designed to fill that gap in the theory.
LHC signature of mirage mediation
We study LHC phenomenology of mirage mediation scenario in which anomaly and modulus contributions to soft SUSY breaking terms are comparable to each other. A Monte Carlo study of mirage mediation, with model parameters α = 1, M0 = 500 GeV, nM = 1/2, nH = 1 and tan β = 10, is presented. It is shown that masses of supersymmetric particles can be measured in a model independent way, providing information on SUSY breaking sector. In particular, the mass ratio of gluino to the lightest neutralino for the benchmark scenario is determined to be 1.9 ∼g-tilde/mχ-tilde10 ∼g-tilde/mχ-tilde10 ≅ 2.5 which is quite distinctive from the predictions mg-tilde/mχ-tilde10 ∼> 6 of other SUSY scenarios in which gaugino masses are unified at the GUT scale. The model parameters of mirage mediation can be also determined from various kinematic distributions
Berggren, Mikael
2013-08-15
At the ILC, one has the possibility to search for SUSY in an model-independent way: The corner-stone of SUSY is that sparticles couple as particles. This is independent of the mechanism responsible for SUSY breaking. Any model will have one Lightest SUSY Particle (LSP), and one Next to Lightest SUSY Particle (NLSP). In models with conserved R-parity, the NLSP must decay solely to the LSP and the SM partner of the NLSP. Therefore, studying NLSP production and decay can be regarded as a ''simplified model without simplification'': Any SUSY model will have such a process. The NLSP could be any sparticle: a slepton, an electroweak-ino, or even a squark. However, since there are only a finite number of sparticles, one can systematically search for signals of all possible NLSP:s. This way, the entire space of models that have a kinematically reachable NLSP can be covered. For any NLSP, the ''worst case'' can be determined, since the SUSY principle allows to calculate the cross-section once the NLSP nature and mass are given. The region in the LSP-NLSP mass-plane where the ''worst case'' could be discovered or excluded experimentally can be found by estimating background and efficiency at each point in the plane. From experience at LEP, it is expected that the lower signal-to background ratio will indeed be found for models with conserved R-parity. In this document, we show that at the ILC, such a program is possible, as it was at LEP. No loop-holes are left, even for difficult or non-standard cases: whatever the NLSP is it will be detectable.
At the ILC, one has the possibility to search for SUSY in an model-independent way: The corner-stone of SUSY is that sparticles couple as particles. This is independent of the mechanism responsible for SUSY breaking. Any model will have one Lightest SUSY Particle (LSP), and one Next to Lightest SUSY Particle (NLSP). In models with conserved R-parity, the NLSP must decay solely to the LSP and the SM partner of the NLSP. Therefore, studying NLSP production and decay can be regarded as a ''simplified model without simplification'': Any SUSY model will have such a process. The NLSP could be any sparticle: a slepton, an electroweak-ino, or even a squark. However, since there are only a finite number of sparticles, one can systematically search for signals of all possible NLSP:s. This way, the entire space of models that have a kinematically reachable NLSP can be covered. For any NLSP, the ''worst case'' can be determined, since the SUSY principle allows to calculate the cross-section once the NLSP nature and mass are given. The region in the LSP-NLSP mass-plane where the ''worst case'' could be discovered or excluded experimentally can be found by estimating background and efficiency at each point in the plane. From experience at LEP, it is expected that the lower signal-to background ratio will indeed be found for models with conserved R-parity. In this document, we show that at the ILC, such a program is possible, as it was at LEP. No loop-holes are left, even for difficult or non-standard cases: whatever the NLSP is it will be detectable.
Desperately seeking supersymmetry (SUSY)
translations and Lorentz transformations. As early as the 1970s, it became apparent that two new symmetries, a grand unified theory of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions in conjunction with supersymmetry (SUSY), might unify all the known forces and particles into one unique structure. Now 30 years later, at the dawn of a new century, experiments are on the verge of discovering (or ruling out) these possible new symmetries of nature. In this paper we try to clarify why SUSY and supersymmetric grand unified theories are the new SM of particle physics, i.e. the standard against which all other theories and experiments are measured
Papucci, Michele; Weiler, Andreas
2012-01-01
The first 1/fb of LHC searches have set impressive limits on new colored particles decaying to missing energy. We address the implication of these searches for naturalness in supersymmetry (SUSY). General bottom-up considerations of natural electroweak symmetry breaking show that higgsinos, stops, and the gluino should not be too far above the weak scale. The rest of the spectrum, including the squarks of the first two generations, can be heavier and beyond the current LHC reach. We have used collider simulations to determine the limits that all of the 1/fb searches pose on higgsinos, stops, and the gluino. We find that stops and the left-handed sbottom are starting to be constrained and must be heavier than about 200-300 GeV when decaying to higgsinos. The gluino must be heavier than about 600-800 GeV when it decays to stops and sbottoms. While these findings point toward scenarios with a lighter third generation split from the other squarks, we do find that moderately-tuned regions remain, where the gluino ...
The upside of minimal left-right supersymmetric seesaw in deflected anomaly mediation
Spinner, Sogee
The state of the standard model of particle physics is reviewed focusing on two of it's major issues: the hierarchy problem and its inconsistency with observed neutrino masses. Supersymmetry, an elegant solution to the former, and the seesaw mechanism in left-right models, a natural solution to the latter, are then introduced. The work then focuses on a specific supersymmetric left-right models, which has an additional discrete symmetry allowing a prediction of the seesaw scale at around 1011 GeV---consistent with neutrino oscillation data. It also solves the micro problem and guarantees automatic R-parity conservation and a pair of light doubly-charged Higgses which can be searched for at the LHC. This model has interesting properties in the context of anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB). After a brief introduction to this topic, it is shown that this model is an instance of the Pomarol Rattazzi model of deflected AMSB. The tachyonic slepton problem of AMSB is solved in a combination of two ways: the right-handed sleptons are saved by their couplings to the low energy doubly-charged fields while the left-handed sleptons receive positive contributions from the partially decoupled D-terms. The resulting phenomenology is similar to that of mimimal AMSB due to the gaugino spectrum; however, same generation mass differences in the sfermion sector are much larger than that of mAMSB and the right-handed selectron can be as massive as the squarks. Finally, this model also contains a mechanism for solving the EWSB problem of AMSB and a dark matter candidate.
Eliaz, Latif; Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Tsuk, Eitan
2013-01-01
In the framework of a gauge mediated quiver-like model, the standard model flavor texture can be naturally generated. The model - like the MSSM - has furthermore a region in parameter space where the lightest Higgs mass is fed by heavy stop loops, which in turn sets the average squark mass scale near 10-20 TeV. We perform a careful flavor analysis to check whether this type of mild-split SUSY passes all flavor constraints as easily as envisioned in the original type of split SUSY. Interestingly, it turns out to be on the border of several constraints, in particular, the branching ratio of mu -> e gamma and, if order one complex phases are assumed, also epsilon_K neutron and electron EDM. Furthermore, we consider unification as well as dark matter candidates, especially the gravitino. Finally, we provide a closed-form formula for the soft masses of matter in arbitrary representations of any of the gauge groups in a generic quiver-like model with a general messenger sector.
Barenboim, G.; Bernabeu, J.; Vives, O. [Universitat de Valencia, Departament de Fisica Teorica, Burjassot (Spain); Universitat de Valencia-CSIC, Parc Cientific U.V., IFIC, Paterna (Spain); Mitsou, V.A.; Romero, E. [Universitat de Valencia-CSIC, Parc Cientific U.V., IFIC, Paterna (Spain)
2016-02-15
Recently the ATLAS experiment announced a 3 σ excess at the Z-peak consisting of 29 pairs of leptons together with two or more jets, E{sub T}{sup miss} > 225 GeV and HT > 600 GeV, to be compared with 10.6 ± 3.2 expected lepton pairs in the Standard Model. No excess outside the Z-peak was observed. By trying to explain this signal with SUSY we find that only relatively light gluinos, m{sub g}
$\\mu$ Problem, SO(10) SUSY GUT and Heavy Gluino LSP
Mafi, Arash
2000-01-01
We present a solution to the $\\mu$ problem in an SO(10) supersymmetric grand unified (SUSY GUT) model with gauge mediated (GMSB) and D-term supersymmetry breaking. A Peccei-Quinn ({\\bf PQ}) symmetry is broken at the messenger scale and enables the generation of the $\\mu$ term. The invisible axion (Goldstone boson of {\\bf PQ} symmetry breaking) is a cold dark matter candidate. At low energy, our model leads to a phenomenologically acceptable version of the minimal supersymmetric standard model...
Post LHC8 SUSY benchmark points for ILC physics
Baer, Howard [Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States); List, Jenny [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2013-07-15
We re-evaluate prospects for supersymmetry at the proposed International Linear e{sup +}e{sup -} Collider (ILC) in light of the first two years of serious data taking at LHC: LHC7 with {proportional_to}5 fb{sup -1} of pp collisions at {radical}(s)=7 TeV and LHC8 with {proportional_to}20 fb{sup -1} at {radical}(s)=8 TeV. Strong new limits from LHC8 SUSY searches, along with the discovery of a Higgs boson with m{sub h}{approx_equal}125 GeV, suggest a paradigm shift from previously popular models to ones with new and compelling signatures. After a review of the current status of supersymmetry, we present a variety of new ILC benchmark models, including: natural SUSY, radiatively-driven natural SUSY (RNS), NUHM2 with low m{sub A}, a focus point case from mSUGRA/CMSSM, non-universal gaugino mass (NUGM) model, {tau}-coannihilation, Kallosh-Linde/spread SUSY model, mixed gauge-gravity mediation, normal scalar mass hierarchy (NMH), and one example with the recently discovered Higgs boson being the heavy CP-even state H. While all these models at present elude the latest LHC8 limits, they do offer intriguing case study possibilities for ILC operating at {radical}(s){approx_equal} 0.25-1 TeV. The benchmark points also present a view of the widely diverse SUSY phenomena which might still be expected in the post LHC8 era at both LHC and ILC.
Kim, Minsuk
2004-12-01
The authors present the results of a search for anomalous production of diphoton events with large missing transverse energy using the Collider Detector at Fermilab. In 202 pb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV they observe no candidate events, with an expected standard model background of 0.27 {+-} 0.07(stat) {+-} 0.10(syst) events. The results exclude a lightest chargino of mass less than 167 GeV/c{sup 2}, and lightest neutralino of 93 GeV/c{sup 2} at 95% confidence level in a gauge-mediated supersymmetry-breaking model with a light gravitino.
Thermally favourable gauge mediation
We discuss the thermal evolution of the spurion and messenger fields of ordinary gauge mediation models taking into account the Standard Model degrees of freedom. It is shown that for thermalized messengers the metastable susy breaking vacuum becomes thermally selected provided that the susy breaking sector is sufficiently weakly coupled to messengers or to any other observable field.
Mart Susi tegevust uurib keskkriminaalpolitsei / Sigrid Laev
Laev, Sigrid
2003-01-01
Keskkriminaalpolitsei algatas Concordia ülikooliga seotu uurimiseks kaks kriminaalasja, millest üks käsitleb endise rektori Mart Susi ja endise prorektori Mari-Ann Susi võimalikku ametiseisundi kuritarvitamist, teise sisuks on Concordia varade ilmne varjamine
SUSY with ATLAS Leptonic Signatures, Coannihilation Region
Comune, G
2004-01-01
In this work we present an initial study on how leptonic signatures can be used at ATLAS to constrain SUSY particle masses combinations for the first time in the so called "coannihilation region''. The analysis is carried out in the framework of mSUGRA constrained SUSY model using fast detector simulation and reconstruction exploiting an invariant mass endpoint technique.
Are taus the key to discovering SUSY?
The ATLAS experiment at the CERN LHC will begin data taking in 2008. Due to the high energy and luminosity of the LHC the ATLAS experiment has a large discovery potential for new physics. One of the most popular ''new physics'' models waiting to be verified is Supersymmetry (SUSY) and so the search for supersymmetric particles will be an important task of 2008. Many SUSY models show that taus are the most predominantly produced leptons in SUSY channels. In order to look for SUSY we must therefore understand the backgrounds coming from standard model (SM) tau channels. However tau data channels are the most difficult to reconstruct and therefore the least studied of all the leptonic SM channels. We have begun to investigate top decays for background determination and the potential of unstudied tau data channels for use in SUSY searches. Here we present a first look at our findings. (orig.)
Reconstruction of fundamental SUSY parameters
P. M. Zerwas et al.
2003-09-25
We summarize methods and expected accuracies in determining the basic low-energy SUSY parameters from experiments at future e{sup +}e{sup -} linear colliders in the TeV energy range, combined with results from LHC. In a second step we demonstrate how, based on this set of parameters, the fundamental supersymmetric theory can be reconstructed at high scales near the grand unification or Planck scale. These analyses have been carried out for minimal supergravity [confronted with GMSB for comparison], and for a string effective theory.
Natural SUSY and the Higgs boson
Huang, Peisi
2014-06-01
Supersymmetry (SUSY) solves the hierarchy problem by introducing a super partner to each Standard Model(SM) particle. SUSY must be broken in nature, which means the fine-tuning is reintroduced to some level. Natural SUSY models enjoy low fine-tuning by featuring a small super potential parameter μ ˜ 125 GeV, while the third generation squarks have mass less than 1.5 TeV. First and second generation sfermions can be at the multi-TeV level which yields a decoupling solution to the SUSY flavor and CP problem. However, models of Natural SUSY have difficulties in predicting a mh at 125 GeV, because the third generation is too light to give large radiative correction to the Higgs mass. The models of Radiative Natural SUSY (RNS) address this problem by allowing for high scale soft SUSY breaking Higgs mass mHu > m0, which leads to automatic cancellation by the Renormalization Group (RG) running effect. Coupled with the large mixing in the stop sector, RNS allows low fine-tuning at 3-10 % level and a 125 GeV SM-like Higgs. RNS can be reached at the LHC, and a linear collider. If the strong CP problem is solved by the Peccei-Quinn mechanism, then RNS accommodates mixed axion-Higgsino cold dark matter, where the Higgsino-like WIMPs, which in this case make up only a fraction of the relic abundance, can be detectable at future WIMP detectors.
Natural SUSY and the Higgs boson
Supersymmetry (SUSY) solves the hierarchy problem by introducing a super partner to each Standard Model(SM) particle. SUSY must be broken in nature, which means the fine-tuning is reintroduced to some level. Natural SUSY models enjoy low fine-tuning by featuring a small super potential parameter μ ∼ 125 GeV, while the third generation squarks have mass less than 1.5 TeV. First and second generation sfermions can be at the multi-TeV level which yields a decoupling solution to the SUSY flavor and CP problem. However, models of Natural SUSY have difficulties in predicting a mh at 125 GeV, because the third generation is too light to give large radiative correction to the Higgs mass. The models of Radiative Natural SUSY (RNS) address this problem by allowing for high scale soft SUSY breaking Higgs mass mHu > m0, which leads to automatic cancellation by the Renormalization Group (RG) running effect. Coupled with the large mixing in the stop sector, RNS allows low fine-tuning at 3-10 % level and a 125 GeV SM-like Higgs. RNS can be reached at the LHC, and a linear collider. If the strong CP problem is solved by the Peccei-Quinn mechanism, then RNS accommodates mixed axion-Higgsino cold dark matter, where the Higgsino-like WIMPs, which in this case make up only a fraction of the relic abundance, can be detectable at future WIMP detectors
MSSM Higgs : Window into Susy GUTs
Aulakh, Charanjit S
2015-01-01
The Minimal Supersymmetric SO(10) GUT has developed into a fully realistic theory in which not only are the gauge couplings unified but the known fermion spectrum and mixing matrices could fit accurately using the latitude introduced by inclusion of quantum corrections to the GUT-effective MSSM-SM matching conditions. The fits yield predictions about the nature of the sparticle spectrum on the basis of the required threshold corrections. This indicated a necessarily large value for $A_0$ in 2008 : well before Higgs discovery at 126 GeV made it a commonplace assumption. GUT scale threshold corrections to the normalization of the emergent effective MSSM Higgs ameliorate the long standing Susy GUT puzzle of fast dimension five operator mediated proton decay. Numerical investigation indicates that B-violation rates below or near the current experimental upper limits are feasible in fully realistic models. Our results imply that UV completion models with large numbers of fields, like Kaluza-Klein models or String ...
Kumar, Pavitra; Kasiviswanathan, Dharanibalan; Sundaresan, Lakshmikirupa; Kathirvel, Priyadarshan; Veeriah, Vimal; Dutta, Priya; Sankaranarayanan, Kavitha; Gupta, Ravi; Chatterjee, Suvro
2016-02-01
Thalidomide, the notorious teratogen is known to cause various developmental abnormalities, among which a range of eye deformations are very common. From the clinical point of view, it is necessary to pinpoint the mechanisms of teratogens that tune the gene expression. However, to our knowledge, the molecular basis of eye deformities under thalidomide treatmenthas not been reported so far. Present study focuses on the possible mechanism by which thalidomide affects eye development and the role of Nitric Oxide in recovering thalidomide-mediated anomalies of eye development using chick embryo and zebrafish models with transcriptome analysis. Transcriptome analysis showed that 403 genes were up-regulated and 223 genes were down-regulated significantly in thalidomide pre-treated embryos. 8% of the significantly modulated genes have been implicated in eye development including Pax6, OTX2, Dkk1 and Shh. A wide range of biological process and molecular function was affected by thalidomide exposure. Biological Processes including structural constituent of eye lens and Molecular functions such as visual perception and retinal metabolic process formed strong annotation clustersindicating the adverse effects of thalidomide on eye development and function. Here, we have discussed the whole embryo transcriptome with the expression of PAX6, SOX2, and CRYAAgenes from developing eyes. Our experimental data showing structural and functional aspects includingeye size, lens transparency and optic nerve activity and bioinformatics analyses of transcriptome suggest that NO could partially protect thalidomide treated embryos from its devastating effects on eye development and function. PMID:26717904
RPV SUSY searches at ATLAS and CMS
Pettersson, Nora Emilia; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
Experimental searches for Supersymmetry (SUSY) at the Large Hadronic Collider (LHC) often assume R-Parity Conservation (RPC) to avoid proton decay. A consequence RPC is that it implies a stable SUSY-particle that cannot decay. The search strategies are strongly based on the hypothesize of weakly interacting massive particles escaping without detection - yielding missing transverse energy (MET) to the collision events. It is vital to explore all possibilities considering that no observation of SUSY has been made and that strong exclusions already have been placed on RPC-SUSY scenarios. Introducing individually baryon- and lepton-number violating couplings in R-Parity Violating (RPV) models would avoid rapid proton decay. The strong mass and cross-section exclusion set for RPC-SUSY are weaken if RPV couplings are allowed in the SUSY Lagrangian - as these standard searches lose sensitivity due to less expected MET. This talk aims to summarise a few of the experimental searches for both prompt and long-lived RPV ...
Naturalness, b → sγ, and SUSY heavy Higgses
Katz, Andrey; Reece, Matthew; Sajjad, Aqil
2014-10-01
We explore naturalness constraints on the masses of the heavy Higgs bosons H 0 , H ±, and A 0 in supersymmetric theories. We show that, in any extension of MSSM which accommodates the 125 GeV Higgs at the tree level, one can derive an upper bound on the SUSY Higgs masses from naturalness considerations. As is well-known for the MSSM, these bounds become weak at large tan β. However, we show that measurements of b → sγ together with naturalness arguments lead to an upper bound on tan β, strengthening the naturalness case for heavy Higgs states near the TeV scale. The precise bound depends somewhat on the SUSY mediation scale: allowing a factor of 10 tuning in the stop sector, the measured rate of b → sγ implies tan β ≲ 30 for running down from 10 TeV but tan β ≲ 4 for mediation at or above 100 TeV, placing m A near the TeV scale for natural EWSB. Because the signatures of heavy Higgs bosons at colliders are less susceptible to being "hidden" than standard superpartner signatures, there is a strong motivation to make heavy Higgs searches a key part of the LHC's search for naturalness. In an appendix we comment on how the Goldstone boson equivalence theorem links the rates for H → hh and H → ZZ signatures.
Naturalness, b to s gamma, and SUSY Heavy Higgses
Katz, Andrey; Sajjad, Aqil
2014-01-01
We explore naturalness constraints on the masses of the heavy Higgs bosons H^0, H^+/-, and A^0 in supersymmetric theories. We show that, in any extension of MSSM which accommodates the 125 GeV Higgs at the tree level, one can derive an upper bound on the SUSY Higgs masses from naturalness considerations. As is well-known for the MSSM, these bounds become weak at large tan beta. However, we show that measurements of b to s gamma together with naturalness arguments lead to an upper bound on tan beta, strengthening the naturalness case for heavy Higgs states near the TeV scale. The precise bound depends somewhat on the SUSY mediation scale: allowing a factor of 10 tuning in the stop sector, the measured rate of b to s gamma implies tan beta < 30 for running down from 10 TeV but tan beta < 4 for mediation at or above 100 TeV, placing m_A near the TeV scale for natural EWSB. Because the signatures of heavy Higgs bosons at colliders are less susceptible to being "hidden" than standard superpartner signatures,...
Predicting the sparticle spectrum from GUTs via SUSY threshold corrections with SusyTC
Antusch, Stefan; Sluka, Constantin
2016-07-01
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) can feature predictions for the ratios of quark and lepton Yukawa couplings at high energy, which can be tested with the increasingly precise results for the fermion masses, given at low energies. To perform such tests, the renormalization group (RG) running has to be performed with sufficient accuracy. In su-persymmetric (SUSY) theories, the one-loop threshold corrections (TC) are of particular importance and, since they affect the quark-lepton mass relations, link a given GUT flavour model to the sparticle spectrum. To accurately study such predictions, we extend and generalize various formulas in the literature which are needed for a precision analysis of SUSY flavour GUT models. We introduce the new software tool SusyTC, a major extension to the Mathematica package REAP [1], where these formulas are implemented. SusyTC extends the functionality of REAP by a full inclusion of the (complex) MSSM SUSY sector and a careful calculation of the one-loop SUSY threshold corrections for the full down-type quark, up-type quark and charged lepton Yukawa coupling matrices in the electroweak-unbroken phase. Among other useful features, SusyTC calculates the one-loop corrected pole mass of the charged (or the CP-odd) Higgs boson as well as provides output in SLHA conventions, i.e. the necessary input for external software, e.g. for performing a two-loop Higgs mass calculation. We apply SusyTC to study the predictions for the parameters of the CMSSM (mSUGRA) SUSY scenario from the set of GUT scale Yukawa relations y_e/y_d=-1/2{-}^2,y_{μ }/y_s = 6 , and y_{τ }/y_b=-3/2 , which has been proposed recently in the context of SUSY GUT flavour models.
Randall, Lisa
2012-01-01
We consider the prospects for natural SUSY models consistent with current data. Recent constraints make the standard paradigm unnatural so we consider what could be a minimal extension consistent with what we now know. The most promising such scenarios extend the MSSM with new tree-level Higgs interactions that can lift its mass to at least 125 GeV and also allow for flavor-dependent soft terms so that the third generation squarks are lighter than current bounds on the first and second generation squarks. We argue that a common feature of almost all such models is the need for a new scale near 10 TeV, such as a scale of Higgsing or confinement of a new gauge group. We consider the question whether such a model can naturally derive from a single mass scale associated with supersymmetry breaking. Most such models simply postulate new scales, leaving their proximity to the scale of MSSM soft terms a mystery. This coincidence problem may be thought of as a mild tuning, analogous to the usual mu problem. We find t...
Are taus the key to discovering SUSY?
The ATLAS experiment at the CERN LHC will begin data taking in 2008. Due to the high energy and luminosity of the LHC the ATLAS experiment has a large discovery potential for new physics. One of the most popular ''new physics'' models waiting to be verified is Supersymmetry (SUSY) and so the search for supersymmetric particles will be an important task of 2008. Many SUSY models predict that taus are the most predominantly produced leptons in SUSY channels. However tau data channels are the most difficult to reconstruct and therefore the least studied of all the leptonic channels. We have begun to investigate the potential of unstudied tau data channels for use in SUSY searches, particularly their sensitivity to the SUSY model ''mSUGRA'' in regions of high tan β (regions predicted to be tau dominant). We have also begun to investigate background determination for these channels, in particular the background caused by top decay, which first results show to be the dominant background. Here we present a first look at our findings
Comments on interactions in the SUSY models
Upadhyay, Sudhakar; Mandal, Bhabani Prasad
2016-01-01
We consider the special supersymmetry (SUSY) transformations with $m$ generators $\\overleftarrow{s}_\\alpha,$ for some class of the models and study the physical consequences when making the Grassmann-odd transformations to form an Abelian supergroup with finite parameters and set of group-like elements with finite parameters being by a functionals of field variables. The SUSY-invariant path integral measure within conventional quantization scheme leads to appearance of the Jacobian under change of variables generated by such SUSY transformations, which is explicitly calculated. The Jacobian leads, first, to appearance of only trivial interactions in the transformed action, second, to the presence of modified Ward identity, which reduceds to the standard Ward identities for constant parameters. We examine the case of ${N}=1$, $N=2$ supersymmetric harmonic oscillator to illustrate the general concept on a free simple model with $(1,1)$ physical degrees of freedom. It is shown that the interaction terms, $U_{tr}...
SUSY searches with the ATLAS detector
Ventura, Andrea; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
Despite the absence of experimental evidence, weak scale supersymmetry remains one of the best motivated and studied Standard Model extensions. This talk summarises recent ATLAS results for searches for supersymmetric (SUSY) particles, with focus on those obtained using proton-proton collisions at a centre of mass energy of 13 TeV. Strong production in both R-Parity conserving and R-Parity violating SUSY scenarios are considered. The searches involved final states including jets, missing transverse momentum, light leptons, as well as long-lived particle signatures.
Giordano, Ferdinando
2016-01-01
After a period of maintenance the LHC was restarted in 2015 delivering p-p collision at a new center of mass energy of 13 TeV, this new achievement by the machine opened the phase space of many searches for physics beyond the standard model (BSM). In this talk a summary of the LHC searches for supersymmetry (SUSY) pursued by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations is presented, covering a broad number of models and scenarios. Even at this early stage the new searches greatly extend the reach of the previous Run1 analyses limiting the phase space for natural SUSY to exist.
SUSY Quantum Hall Effect on Non-Anti-Commutative Geometry
Kazuki Hasebe
2008-02-01
Full Text Available We review the recent developments of the SUSY quantum Hall effect [hep-th/0409230, hep-th/0411137, hep-th/0503162, hep-th/0606007, arXiv:0705.4527]. We introduce a SUSY formulation of the quantum Hall effect on supermanifolds. On each of supersphere and superplane, we investigate SUSY Landau problem and explicitly construct SUSY extensions of Laughlin wavefunction and topological excitations. The non-anti-commutative geometry naturally emerges in the lowest Landau level and brings particular physics to the SUSY quantum Hall effect. It is shown that SUSY provides a unified picture of the original Laughlin and Moore-Read states. Based on the charge-flux duality, we also develop a Chern-Simons effective field theory for the SUSY quantum Hall effect.
Neutrino masses from SUSY breaking in radiative seesaw models
Figueiredo, Antonio J.R. [University of Lisbon, Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas (CFTP), Instituto Superior Tecnico, Lisbon (Portugal)
2015-03-01
Radiatively generated neutrino masses (m{sub ν}) are proportional to supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking, as a result of the SUSY non-renormalisation theorem. In this work, we investigate the space of SUSY radiative seesaw models with regard to their dependence on SUSY breaking (SUSY). In addition to contributions from sources of SUSY that are involved in electroweak symmetry breaking (SUSY{sub EWSB} contributions), and which are manifest from left angle F{sub H}{sup †} right angle = μ left angle anti H right angle ≠ 0 and left angle D right angle = g sum {sub H} left angle H{sup †} x {sub H} H right angle ≠ 0, radiatively generated m{sub ν} can also receive contributions from SUSY sources that are unrelated to EWSB (SUSY{sub EWS} contributions). We point out that recent literature overlooks pure-SUSY{sub EWSB} contributions (∝ μ/M) that can arise at the same order of perturbation theory as the leading order contribution from SUSY{sub EWS}. We show that there exist realistic radiative seesaw models in which the leading order contribution to m{sub ν} is proportional to SUSY{sub EWS}. To our knowledge no model with such a feature exists in the literature. We give a complete description of the simplest model topologies and their leading dependence on SUSY. We show that in one-loop realisations LLHH operators are suppressed by at least μ m{sub soft}/M{sup 3} or m{sub soft}{sup 2}/M{sup 3}. We construct a model example based on a oneloop type-II seesaw. An interesting aspect of these models lies in the fact that the scale of soft-SUSY effects generating the leading order m{sub ν} can be quite small without conflicting with lower limits on the mass of new particles. (orig.)
Yukawa unification in an SO(10) SUSY GUT: SUSY on the edge
Poh, Zijie; Raby, Stuart
2015-07-01
In this paper we analyze Yukawa unification in a three family SO(10) SUSY GUT. We perform a global χ2 analysis and show that supersymmetry (SUSY) effects do not decouple even though the universal scalar mass parameter at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale, m16, is found to lie between 15 and 30 TeV with the best fit given for m16≈25 TeV . Note, SUSY effects do not decouple since stops and bottoms have mass of order 5 TeV, due to renormalization group running from MGUT. The model has many testable predictions. Gauginos are the lightest sparticles and the light Higgs boson is very much standard model-like. The model is consistent with flavor and C P observables with the BR (μ →e γ ) close to the experimental upper bound. With such a large value of m16 we clearly cannot be considered "natural" SUSY nor are we "split" SUSY. We are thus in the region in between or "SUSY on the edge."
Predicting the Sparticle Spectrum from GUTs via SUSY Threshold Corrections with SusyTC
Antusch, Stefan
2015-01-01
Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) can feature predictions for the ratios of quark and lepton Yukawa couplings at high energy, which can be tested with the increasingly precise results for the fermion masses, given at low energies. To perform such tests, the renormalization group (RG) running has to be performed with sufficient accuracy. In supersymmetric (SUSY) theories, the one-loop threshold corrections (TC) are of particular importance and, since they affect the quark-lepton mass relations, link a given GUT flavour model to the sparticle spectrum. To accurately study such predictions, we extend and generalize various formulas in the literature which are needed for a precision analysis of SUSY flavour GUT models. We introduce the new software tool SusyTC, a major extension to the Mathematica package REAP, where these formulas are implemented. SusyTC extends the functionality of REAP by a full inclusion of the (complex) MSSM SUSY sector and a careful calculation of the one-loop SUSY threshold corrections for the...
Nonlinear SUSY General Relativity Theory and Significances
Shima, Kazunari; Tsuda, Motomu
2011-01-01
We show some consequences of the nonlinear supersymmetric general relativity (NLSUSYGR) theory on particle physics, cosmology and their relations. They may give new insights into the SUSY breaking mechanism, dark energy, dark matter and the low enegy superpartner particles which are compatible with the recent LHC data.
Finite Theories and the SUSY Flavor Problem
Babu, K S; Kubo, J; Kobayashi, Tatsuo; Kubo, Jisuke
2003-01-01
We study a finite SU(5) grand unified model based on the non-Abelian discrete symmetry A_4. This model leads to the democratic structure of the mass matrices for the quarks and leptons. In the soft supersymmetry breaking sector, the scalar trilinear couplings are aligned and the soft scalar masses are degenerate, thus solving the SUSY flavor problem.
Highlights from SUSY searches with ATLAS
Mitsou, V A
2014-01-01
Supersymmetry (SUSY) is one of the most relevant scenarios of new physics searched by the ATLAS experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. In this write-up the principal search strategies employed by ATLAS are outlined and the most recent results for analyses targeting SUSY discovery are discussed. A wide range of signatures is covered motivated by various theoretical scenarios and topologies: strong production, third-generation fermions, long-lived particles and R-parity violation, among others. The results are based on up to ~5/fb of data recorded during 2010 - 2011 at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV centre-of-mass energy by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC.
SUSY_FLAVOR library for rare decays in the MSSM
Crivellin, Andreas
2013-01-01
SUSY_FLAVOUR 2.0 is a FORTRAN code calculating over 30 low-energy flavour- and CP-related observables in the R-parity conserving MSSM. The code admits for the most general flavour structure of the SUSY breaking terms and complex flavour-diagonal couplings. It includes the numerically important resummation of chirally enhanced effects and it is fast enough for scanning over a large SUSY-parameter space. The program can be obtained from http://www.fuw.edu.pl/susy_flavor.
Equivariant Localization for SUSY Quantum Mechanics
Akant, Levent
2006-01-01
We apply equivariant localization to supersymmetric quantum mechanics and show that the partition function localizes on the instantons of the theory. Our construction of equivariant cohomology for SUSY quantum mechanics is different than the ones that already exist in the literature. A hidden bosonic symmetry is made explicit and the supersymmetry is extended. New bosonic symmetry is the square of the new fermionic symmetry. The D term is now the parameter of the bosonic symmetry. ...
A complete analysis of FCNC and CP constraints in general SUSY extensions of the standard model
Gabbiani, F; Masiero, A; Silvestrini, L
1996-01-01
We analyze the full set of constraints on gluino- and photino-mediated SUSY contributions to FCNC and CP violating phenomena. We use the mass insertion method, hence providing a model-independent parameterization which can be readily applied in testing extensions of the MSSM. In addition to clarifying controversial points in the literature, we provide a more exhaustive analysis of the CP constraints, in particular concerning \\varepsilon^\\prime/\\varepsilon. As physically meaningful applications of our analysis, we study the implications in SUSY-GUT's and effective supergravities with flavour non-universality. This allows us to detail the domain of applicability and the correct procedure of implementation of the FC mass insertion approach.
R-parity Conserving Minimal SUSY $B-L$ Model
Okada, Nobuchika
2016-01-01
We propose a simple gauged U(1)$_{B-L}$ extension of the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), where R-parity is conserved as usual in the MSSM. The global $B-L$ (baryon number minus lepton number) symmetry in the MSSM is gauged and three MSSM gauge-singlet chiral multiplets with a unit $B-L$ charge are introduced, ensuring the model free from gauge and gravitational anomalies. We assign an odd R-parity for two of the new chiral multiplets and hence they are identified with the right-handed neutrino superfields, while an even R-parity is assigned to the other one ($\\Phi$). The scalar component of $\\Phi$ plays the role of a Higgs field to break the U(1)$_{B-L}$ symmetry through its negative mass squared, which is radiatively generated by the renormalization group running of soft supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking parameters from a high energy. This radiative U(1)$_{B-L}$ symmetry breaking leads to its breaking scale being at the TeV naturally. Because of our novel R-parity assignment, three light neutrinos ...
The Kowalewski top in the SUSY quantum mechanics
Tsiganov, A V
1996-01-01
The Kowalewski top on Lie algebras o(4), e(3) and o(3,1) is embedded in the SUSY quantum mechanics. In two dimensions we give the new prescription for construction of the pairs of integrable systems by using a standard SUSY algebra. At the proposed scheme the Goryachev-Chapligin top is shown to be a natural partner of the Kowalewski top.
SUSY-QCD Corrections to B0-B0 Mixing
FENG TaiFu; LI XueQian; MA WenGan
2001-01-01
We study the SUSY-QCD corrections to B0-B0 mixing with a reasonable SUSY parameter space and find that contribution from gluino is proportional to log(m-g/μw) where μw is the weak interaction energy scale and by no means negligible.``
Bruemmer, Felix [SISSA/ISAS, Trieste (Italy); Kraml, Sabine; Kulkarni, Suchita; Smith, Christopher [Universite Grenoble-Alpes, CNRS/IN2P3, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Grenoble Cedex (France)
2014-09-15
An inverted mass hierarchy in the squark sector, as in so-called ''natural supersymmetry'', requires non-universal boundary conditions at the mediation scale of supersymmetry breaking. We propose a formalism to define such boundary conditions in a basis-independent manner and apply it to generic scenarios where the third-generation squarks are light, while the first two-generation squarks are heavy and near-degenerate. We show that not only is our formalism particularly well suited to study such hierarchical squark mass patterns, but in addition the resulting soft terms at the TeV scale are manifestly compatible with the principle of minimal flavour violation, and thus automatically obey constraints from flavour physics. (orig.)
On the vacuum stability of SUSY models
Camargo-Molina, J E; Porod, W; Staub, F
2013-01-01
The existence of multiple non-equivalent minima of the scalar potential in SUSY models both raises technical challenges and introduces interesting physics. The technical challenges are now that one has to find several minima and evaluate which is the deepest, as well as calculate the tunneling time from a false vacuum to the true vacuum. We present here studies on the vacuum stability and color/charge breaking minima in the CMSSM and R parity violating minima in a B-L extended MSSM.
Cosmological SUSY Breaking and the Pyramid Schemes
Banks, T
2014-01-01
I review the ideas of holographic space-time (HST), Cosmological SUSY breaking (CSB), and the Pyramid Schemes, which are the only known models of Tera-scale physics consistent with CSB, current particle data, and gauge coupling unification. There is considerable uncertainty in the estimate of the masses of supersymmetric partners of the standard model particles, but the model predicts that the gluino is probably out of reach of the LHC, squarks may be in reach, and the NLSP is a right handed slepton, which should be discovered soon.
Naturalness in low-scale SUSY models and ''non-linear'' MSSM
Antoniadis, I. [CERN Theory Division, Geneva (Switzerland); Babalic, E.M. [National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Theoretical Physics Department, Bucharest (Romania); University of Craiova, Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Craiova (Romania); Ghilencea, D.M. [CERN Theory Division, Geneva (Switzerland); National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), Theoretical Physics Department, Bucharest (Romania)
2014-09-15
In MSSM models with various boundary conditions for the soft breaking terms (m{sub soft}) and for a Higgs mass of 126 GeV, there is a (minimal) electroweak finetuning Δ ∼ 800 to 1000 for the constrained MSSM and Δ ∼ 500 for non-universal gaugino masses. These values, often regarded as unacceptably large, may indicate a problem of supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking, rather than of SUSY itself. A minimal modification of these models is to lower the SUSY breaking scale in the hidden sector (√(f)) to few TeV, which we show to restore naturalness to more acceptable levels Δ ∼ 80 for the most conservative case of low tan β and ultraviolet boundary conditions as in the constrained MSSM. This is done without introducing additional fields in the visible sector, unlike other models that attempt to reduce Δ. In the present case Δ is reduced due to additional (effective) quartic Higgs couplings proportional to the ratio m{sub soft}/√(f) of the visible to the hidden sector SUSY breaking scales. These couplings are generated by the auxiliary component of the goldstino superfield. The model is discussed in the limit its sgoldstino component is integrated out so this superfield is realized non-linearly (hence the name of the model) while the other MSSM superfields are in their linear realization. By increasing the hidden sector scale √(f) one obtains a continuous transition for fine-tuning values, from this model to the usual (gravity mediated) MSSM-like models. (orig.)
Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Böhm, Jan; Chudoba, Jiří; Gallus, Petr; Gunther, Jaroslav; Jakoubek, Tomáš; Juránek, Vojtěch; Kepka, Oldřich; Kupčo, Alexander; Kůs, Vlastimil; Lokajíček, Miloš; Marčišovský, Michal; Mikeštíková, Marcela; Myška, Miroslav; Němeček, Stanislav; Růžička, Pavel; Schovancová, Jaroslava; Šícho, Petr; Staroba, Pavel; Svatoš, Michal; Taševský, Marek; Tic, Tomáš; Valenta, J.; Vrba, Václav; Zeman, Martin
2013-01-01
Roč. 2013, č. 1 (2013), s. 1-18. ISSN 1029-8479 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08032 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : chargino * direct production * supersymmetry * symmetry breaking * scattering * lifetime * ATLAS * CERN LHC Coll * mediation * anomaly Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 6.220, year: 2013
Notes on anomalies, baryons, and Seiberg duality
Corley, Steven
2003-01-01
We consider an N=1 SU(N_c) SUSY gauge theory with N_f \\geq N_c matter multiplets transforming in the fundamental and antifundamental representations of the gauge group. Using the Konishi anomaly and a non-anomalous conservation law, we derive a system of partial differential equations that determine the low energy effective superpotential as a function of the mesonic and baryonic vacuum expectation values. We apply the formalism to the cases of N_f = N_c and N_f = N_c +1 where the equations a...
SUSY's Ladder: reframing sequestering at Large Volume
Reece, Matthew; Xue, Wei
2016-04-01
Theories with approximate no-scale structure, such as the Large Volume Scenario, have a distinctive hierarchy of multiple mass scales in between TeV gaugino masses and the Planck scale, which we call SUSY's Ladder. This is a particular realization of Split Supersymmetry in which the same small parameter suppresses gaugino masses relative to scalar soft masses, scalar soft masses relative to the gravitino mass, and the UV cutoff or string scale relative to the Planck scale. This scenario has many phenomenologically interesting properties, and can avoid dangers including the gravitino problem, flavor problems, and the moduli-induced LSP problem that plague other supersymmetric theories. We study SUSY's Ladder using a superspace formalism that makes the mysterious cancelations in previous computations manifest. This opens the possibility of a consistent effective field theory understanding of the phenomenology of these scenarios, based on power-counting in the small ratio of string to Planck scales. We also show that four-dimensional theories with approximate no-scale structure enforced by a single volume modulus arise only from two special higher-dimensional theories: five-dimensional supergravity and ten-dimensional type IIB supergravity. This gives a phenomenological argument in favor of ten dimensional ultraviolet physics which is different from standard arguments based on the consistency of superstring theory.
What is a Natural SUSY scenario?
Casas, J Alberto; Robles, Sandra; Rolbiecki, Krzysztof; Zaldivar, Bryan
2014-01-01
The idea of "Natural SUSY", understood as a supersymmetric scenario where the fine-tuning is as mild as possible, is a reasonable guide to explore supersymmetric phenomenology. In this paper, we re-examine this issue including several improvements, such as the mixing of the fine-tuning conditions for different soft terms and the presence of potential extra fine-tunings that must be combined with the electroweak one. We give tables and plots that allow to easily evaluate the fine-tuning and the corresponding naturalness bounds for any theoretical model defined at any high-energy (HE) scale. Then, we analyze in detail the complete fine-tuning bounds for the unconstrained MSSM, defined at any HE scale. We show that Natural SUSY does {\\em not} demand light stops. Actually, an average stop mass below 800~GeV is disfavored, though one of the stops might be very light. Regarding phenomenology, the most stringent upper bound from naturalness is the one on the gluino mass, which typically sets the present level fine-t...
The String Origin of SUSY Flavor Violation
Camara, Pablo G; Valenzuela, Irene
2013-01-01
We argue that in large classes of string compactifications with a MSSM-like structure substantial flavor violating SUSY-breaking soft terms are generically induced. We specify to the case of flavor dependent soft-terms in type IIB/F-theory SU(5) unified models, although our results can be easily extended to other settings. The Standard Model (SM) degrees of freedom reside in a local system of 7-branes wrapping a 4-fold S in the extra dimensions. It is known that in the presence of closed string 3-form fluxes SUSY-breaking terms are typically generated. We explore the generation dependence of these soft terms and find that non-universalities arise whenever the flux varies over the 4-fold S. These non-universalities are parametrically suppressed by (M_{GUT}/M_{Pl})^{1/3}. They also arise in the case of varying open string fluxes, in this case parametrically suppressed by \\alpha_{GUT}^{1/2}. For a standard unification scheme with M_{GUT} = 10^{16} GeV and \\alpha_{\\rm GUT} = 1/24 these suppressions are very mild....
Neutrino masses from SUSY breaking in radiative seesaw models
Radiatively generated neutrino masses (mν) are proportional to supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking, as a result of the SUSY non-renormalisation theorem. In this work, we investigate the space of SUSY radiative seesaw models with regard to their dependence on SUSY breaking (SUSY). In addition to contributions from sources of SUSY that are involved in electroweak symmetry breaking (SUSYEWSB contributions), and which are manifest from left angle FH† right angle = μ left angle anti H right angle ≠ 0 and left angle D right angle = g sum H left angle H† x H H right angle ≠ 0, radiatively generated mν can also receive contributions from SUSY sources that are unrelated to EWSB (SUSYEWS contributions). We point out that recent literature overlooks pure-SUSYEWSB contributions (∝ μ/M) that can arise at the same order of perturbation theory as the leading order contribution from SUSYEWS. We show that there exist realistic radiative seesaw models in which the leading order contribution to mν is proportional to SUSYEWS. To our knowledge no model with such a feature exists in the literature. We give a complete description of the simplest model topologies and their leading dependence on SUSY. We show that in one-loop realisations LLHH operators are suppressed by at least μ msoft/M3 or msoft2/M3. We construct a model example based on a oneloop type-II seesaw. An interesting aspect of these models lies in the fact that the scale of soft-SUSY effects generating the leading order mν can be quite small without conflicting with lower limits on the mass of new particles. (orig.)
Milline on Eesti õiguslik mõte? / Mart Susi
Susi, Mart, 1965-
1996-01-01
Concordia Ülikooli rektori, vandeadvokaat Mart Susi arvamus Eesti õigusliku mõtte olemusest ja arengusuundadest, sealhulgas ka Eesti Akadeemilise Õigusteaduse Seltsi ja Eesti Juristide Liidu ühisest aastakoosolekust
Concordia elas tuleviku arvelt / Mart Susi ; interv. Krister Kivi
Susi, Mart, 1965-
2003-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Infopress 21. märts nr. 12 lk. 30-31. Concordia Ülikooli rektor Mart Susi räägib kooli senisest juhtimisest ning asjaoludest, mis on põhjustanud pankroti. Tabel: Concordia kronoloogia
Phenomenological implications of moduli-dominant SUSY breaking
We study moduli-dominated SUSY breaking within the framework of string models. This type of SUSY breaking in general leads to non-universal soft masses, i.e. soft scalar masses and gaugino masses. Further gauginos are lighter than sfermions. This non-universality has phenomenologicallyimportant implications. We investigate radiative electroweak symmetry breaking in the mass spectrum derived from moduli-dominated SUSY breaking, where the lightest chargino and neutralino are almost gauginos. Moreover, constraints from the branching ratio of b→sγ and the relic abundance of the LSP are also considered. The mass spectrum of moduli-dominated SUSY breaking is favorable to the experimental bound of the b→sγ decay decreasing its branching ratio. We obtain an upper bound for the gravitino mass from the cosmological constraint. (orig.)
Marginal Breaking of Conformal SUSY QCD
Cleary, Kevin F
2015-01-01
We provide an example of a 4D theory that exhibits the Contino-Pomarol-Rattazzi mechanism, where breaking conformal symmetry by an almost marginal operator leads to a light pseudo-Goldstone boson, the dilaton, and a parametrically suppressed contribution to vacuum energy. We consider SUSY QCD at the edge of the conformal window and break conformal symmetry by weakly gauging a subgroup of the flavor symmetry. Using Seiberg duality we show that for a range of parameters the singlet meson in the dual theory reaches the unitarity bound, however, this theory does not have a stable vacuum. We stabilize the vacuum with soft breaking terms, compute the mass of the dilaton, and determine the range of parameters where the leading contribution to the dilaton mass is from the almost marginal coupling.
Latest news on SUSY from the ATLAS experiment
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
Despite the absence of experimental evidence, weak scale supersymmetry remains one of the best motivated and studied Standard Model extensions. This talk reports the latest ATLAS results for searches for supersymmetric (SUSY) particles, obtained with 13 to 18 fb-1 of 13 TeV data. Weak and strong production in both R-Parity conserving and R-Parity violating SUSY scenarios are considered. The searches involved final states including jets, missing transverse momentum, light leptons, taus or photons.
R-symmetry violation in N=2 SUSY
The present paper discusses the spontaneous R-symmetry violation in the N=2 SUSY SU(4)xU(1) model with soft SUSY breaking terms preserving finiteness. (In this case an invisible axion appears). In particular, the mechanism producting a light photino mass up to some GeV is suggested. In R-odd version of this model the mechanisms of enhancement of the neutrino decay is discussed. 10 refs.; 3 figs
Results from GRACE/SUSY at one-loop
J Fujimoto; T Ishikawa; M Jimbo; T Kaneko; T Kon; Y kurihara; M Kuroda; Y Shimizu; Y Yasui
2007-11-01
We report the recent development on the SUSY calculations with the help of GRACE system. GRACE/SUSY/1LOOP is the computer code which can generate Feynman diagrams in the MSSM automatically and compute one-loop amplitudes in the numerical way. We present new results of various two-body decay widths and chargino pair production at ILC (international linear collider) at one-loop level.
lhc phenomenology and neutrino physics in gut inspired susy models
Reichert, Laslo Alexander
2014-01-01
En la primera parte de la tesis investigamos un modelo supersimetrico con un mecanismo seesaw para explicar las masas de los neutrinos. Implementamos el modelo en SPheno que nos permitió calcular observables de LHC (Large Hardron Collider) como por ejemplo los ``Edge observables''. Con la ayuda de estos observables pudimos reconstruir el espectro de masa de una teoría como SUSY y compararlo con los resultados de los experimentos. Como no hemos observado SUSY en ningún experime...
Tausif Alam
Full Text Available Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM is caused by immune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β-cells. Commonly used insulin injection therapy does not provide a dynamic blood glucose control to prevent long-term systemic T1DM-associated damages. Donor shortage and the limited long-term success of islet transplants have stimulated the development of novel therapies for T1DM. Gene therapy-based glucose-regulated hepatic insulin production is a promising strategy to treat T1DM. We have developed gene constructs which cause glucose-concentration-dependent human insulin production in liver cells. A novel set of human insulin expression constructs containing a combination of elements to improve gene transcription, mRNA processing, and translation efficiency were generated as minicircle DNA preparations that lack bacterial and viral DNA. Hepatocytes transduced with the new constructs, ex vivo, produced large amounts of glucose-inducible human insulin. In vivo, insulin minicircle DNA (TA1m treated streptozotocin (STZ-diabetic rats demonstrated euglycemia when fasted or fed, ad libitum. Weight loss due to uncontrolled hyperglycemia was reversed in insulin gene treated diabetic rats to normal rate of weight gain, lasting ∼1 month. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGT demonstrated in vivo glucose-responsive changes in insulin levels to correct hyperglycemia within 45 minutes. A single TA1m treatment raised serum albumin levels in diabetic rats to normal and significantly reduced hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia. Elevated serum levels of aspartate transaminase, alanine aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase were restored to normal or greatly reduced in treated rats, indicating normalization of liver function. Non-viral insulin minicircle DNA-based TA1m mediated glucose-dependent insulin production in liver may represent a safe and promising approach to treat T1DM.
Azuma, Yuya
A search for long-lived charginos in anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB) mod- els is performed using 4.7 fb 1 data of pp collisions at p s = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector. In the AMSB models, the wino is the lightest gaugino and the lightest chargino and neutralino (as the lightest supersymmetric particle) are dominantly composed of the charged and neutral winos, respectively. Furthermore, the masses of the charged and neutral winos are highly de- generate, which results in a significant lifetime of the chargino. The lightest chargino decays into a neutralino and a soft charged pion. Due to the mass degeneracy, the momentum of the pion originating from the chargino decay is too soft to be reconstructed in collider experiments. The neutralino escapes detection, therefore, the decaying chargino could be identified as a high- momentum track breaking up in the tracking volume ( disappearing track ). In this dissertation, a method for detecting such chargino tracks is newly developed. The tran- sition r...
Decoupling of gravity on non-susy Dp branes
Nayek, Kuntal; Roy, Shibaji
2016-03-01
We study the graviton scattering in the background of non-susy D p branes of type II string theories consisting of a metric, a dilaton and a (p + 1) form gauge field. We show numerically that in these backgrounds graviton experiences a scattering potential which takes the form of an infinite barrier in the low energy (near brane) limit for p ≤ 5 and therefore is never able to reach the branes. This shows, contrary to what is known in the literature, that gravity indeed decouples from the non-susy D p branes for p ≤ 5. For non-susy D6 brane, gravity couples as there is no such barrier for the potential. To give further credence to our claim we solve the scattering equation in some situation analytically and calculate the graviton absorption cross-sections on the non-susy branes and show that they vanish for p ≤ 4 in the low energy limit. This shows, as in the case of BPS branes, that gravity does decouple for non-susy D p branes for p ≤ 4 but it does not decouple for D6 brane as the potential here is always attractive. We argue for the non-susy D5 brane that depending on one of the parameters of the solution gravity either always decouples (unlike the BPS D5 brane) or it decouples when the energy of the graviton is below certain critical value, otherwise it couples, very similar to BPS D5 brane.
SUSY effects in Rb: Revisited under current experimental constraints
Su, Wei; Yang, Jin Min
2016-06-01
In this note we revisit the SUSY effects in Rb under current experimental constraints including the LHC Higgs data, the B-physics measurements, the dark matter relic density and direct detection limits, as well as the precision electroweak data. We first perform a scan to figure out the currently allowed parameter space and then display the SUSY effects in Rb. We find that although the SUSY parameter space has been severely restrained by current experimental data, both the general MSSM and the natural-SUSY scenario can still alter Rb with a magnitude sizable enough to be observed at future Z-factories (ILC, CEPC, FCC-ee, Super Z-factory) which produce 109-1012Z-bosons. To be specific, assuming a precise measurement δRb = 2.0 ×10-5 at FCC-ee, we can probe a right-handed stop up to 530 GeV through chargino-stop loops, probe a sbottom to 850 GeV through neutralino-sbottom loops and a charged Higgs to 770 GeV through the Higgs-top quark loops for a large tan β. The full one-loop SUSY correction to Rb can reach 1 ×10-4 in natural SUSY and 2 ×10-4 in the general MSSM.
R-Parity Violating SUSY Results from ATLAS and CMS
Pettersson, Nora Emilia; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
Experimental searches for Supersymmetry (SUSY) at the Large Hadronic Collider (LHC) often assume R-Parity Conservation (RPC) to avoid proton decay. A consequence of RPC is that it implies the existence of a stable SUSY-particle that cannot decay. The search strategies are strongly based on the hypothesize of weakly interacting massive particles escaping without detection - yielding missing transverse energy (MET) to the collision events. It is vital to explore all possibilities considering that no observation of SUSY has been made and that strong exclusions already have been placed on RPC-SUSY scenarios. Introducing individually baryon- and lepton-number violating couplings in R-Parity Violating (RPV) models would avoid rapid proton decay. The strong mass and cross-section exclusion set for RPC-SUSY are weaken if RPV couplings are allowed in the SUSY Lagrangian - as these standard searches lose sensitivity due to less expected MET. A summarization a few of the experimental searches for both prompt and long-li...
Direct gauge mediation of uplifted metastable supersymmetry breaking in supergravity
We propose a direct gauge mediation model based on an uplifted metastable supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking coupled to supergravity. A constant superpotential plays an essential role to fix the moduli as well as breaking SUSY and R symmetry and the cancellation of the cosmological constant. Gaugino masses are generated at leading order of SUSY breaking scale, and comparable to the sfermion masses as in the ordinary gauge mediation. The Landau pole problem for QCD coupling can be easily solved since more than half of messengers become superheavy, which are heavier than the grand unified theory (GUT) scale.
On the Spectrum of Direct Gaugino Mediation
Auzzi, Roberto; Giveon, Amit; Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Shacham, Tomer
2011-01-01
In direct gauge mediation, the gaugino masses are anomalously small, giving rise to a split SUSY spectrum. Here we investigate the superpartner spectrum in a minimal version of "direct gaugino mediation." We find that the sfermion masses are comparable to those of the gauginos - even in the hybrid gaugino-gauge mediation regime - if the messenger scale is sufficiently small.
Aad, G.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Chudoba, Jiří; Gallus, Petr; Gunther, Jaroslav; Hruška, I.; Juránek, Vojtěch; Kepka, Oldřich; Kupčo, Alexander; Kůs, Vlastimil; Lipinský, L.; Lokajíček, Miloš; Marčišovský, Michal; Mikeštíková, Marcela; Myška, Miroslav; Němeček, Stanislav; Panušková, M.; Růžička, Pavel; Schovancová, Jaroslava; Šícho, Petr; Staroba, Pavel; Svatoš, Michal; Taševský, Marek; Tic, Tomáš; Valenta, J.; Vrba, Václav; Zeman, Martin
2012-01-01
Roč. 72, č. 4 (2012), s. 1-34. ISSN 1434-6044 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LA08032 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : ATLAS * LHC * chargino lifetime * sparticle pair production * cascade decay * mediation anomaly Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 5.247, year: 2012 http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1202.4847
Mart ja Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad omanikena Concordia pankrotti / Andri Maimets
Maimets, Andri, 1979-
2003-01-01
Concordia Ülikooli rektor Mart Susi esitas kohtule avalduse, milles taotleb ülikooli pidanud Concordia Varahalduse OÜ pankroti väljakuulutamist. Vt. samas: Mari-Ann Susi õigustas ülikooli raha kasutamist
Supersimplicity: a remarkable high energy SUSY property
Gounaris, G J
2011-01-01
In previous work, we have established that for any 2-to-2 process in MSSM, only the helicity conserving (HC) amplitudes survive asymptotically. Studying a large number of such processes, at the 1loop Electroweak (EW) order, it is now found that their high energy HC amplitudes are determined by just three forms: a log-squared function of the ratio of two of the (s,t,u) variables, to which a pi^2 is added; and two Sudakov-like ln- and ln^2-terms accompanied by respective mass-dependent constants. Apart from an additional residual constant, all high energy HC amplitudes, may be expressed as linear combinations of the above three forms, with coefficients being rational functions of the $(s,t,u)$ variables. We call this fact supersimplicity. Applying to the $ug\\to dW$ amplitudes, for which the complete 1loop expressions are available, we find that supersimplicity may be a very good approximation at LHC energies, provided the SUSY scale is not too high. SM processes are also discussed, and their differences are exp...
Multiverse Dark Matter: SUSY or Axions
D'Eramo, Francesco; Pappadopulo, Duccio
2014-01-01
The observed values of the cosmological constant {\\it and} the abundance of Dark Matter (DM) can be successfully understood, using certain measures, by imposing the anthropic requirement that density perturbations go non-linear and virialize to form halos. This requires a probability distribution favoring low amounts of DM, i.e. low values of the PQ scale $f$ for the QCD axion and low values of the superpartner mass scale $\\tilde{m}$ for LSP thermal relics. In theories with independent scanning of multiple DM components, there is a high probability for DM to be dominated by a single component. For example, with independent scanning of $f$ and $\\tilde{m}$, TeV-scale LSP DM and an axion solution to the strong CP problem are unlikely to coexist. With thermal LSP DM, the scheme allows an understanding of a Little SUSY Hierarchy with multi-TeV superpartners. Alternatively, with axion DM, PQ breaking before (after) inflation leads to $f$ typically below (below) the projected range of the current ADMX experiment of ...
Flux-induced SUSY-breaking soft terms
Camara, P G; Uranga, Angel M
2003-01-01
We describe the computation of SUSY-breaking terms on a D3-brane in a quite general type IIB supergravity background. We apply it to study the SUSY-breaking induced on the D3-brane world-volume by the presence of NSNS and RR 3-form fluxes. We provide explicit general formulae for the SUSY-breaking soft terms valid for the different types of fluxes, leading to different patterns of soft terms. Imaginary anti-selfdual fluxes with G_3 a pure (3,0)-form lead to soft terms corresponding to dilaton-dominated SUSY-breaking. More general SUSY-breaking patterns are discussed, arising from more general fluxes, or from distant anti-D3-branes. The known finiteness properties of dilaton-dominated soft terms are understood in terms of holography. The above results are interpreted in the context of the 4d effective supergravity theory, where flux components correspond to auxiliary fields of e.g. the 4d dilaton and overall volume modulus. We present semirealistic Type IIB orientifold examples with (meta)stable vacua leading ...
Anomalies and decoupling of charginos and neutralinos in the MSSM
Diaz-Cruz, J. Lorenzo
1997-07-01
We study the contribution of charginos and neutralinos of the minimal SUSY extension of the standard model (MSSM) to the one-loop vertices ZAA, ZZA, ZZZ, and examine the related cancellation of anomalies. It is found that when the SUSY parameter μ satisfies \\|μ\\|>>M,M',mW, the couplings of charginos and neutralinos with the gauge bosons become purely vectorial, and then their contribution to the amplitudes for ZAA, ZZA, and ZZZ vanishes, which implies that this sector of the MSSM does not generate a Wess-Zumino term. We evaluate also the contribution of charginos and neutralinos to the ρ parameter, and find that ρ=0 in the large-μ limit.
Anomalies and decoupling of charginos and neutralinos in the MSSM
Díaz-Cruz, J L
1997-01-01
We study the contribution of charginos and neutralinos of the Minimal SUSY extension of the Standard model (MSSM) to the 1-loop vertices ZAA, ZZA, ZZZ, and examine the related cancellation of anomalies. It is found that when the SUSY parameter \\mu satisfies |\\mu| >> M,M', m_W, the couplings of charginos and neutralinos with the gauge bosons become purely vectorial, and then their contribution to the amplitudes for ZAA, ZZA and ZZZ vanish, which implies that this sector of the MSSM does not generate a Wess-Zumino term. We evaluate also the contribution of charginos and neutralinos to the \\rho parameter, and find that \\rho=0 in the large-\\mu limit.
A conformal gauge mediation and dark matter with only one mass parameter
If the supersymmetry (SUSY) is a solution to the hierarchy problem, it is puzzling that any SUSY particle has not been discovered yet. We show that there is a low-scale conformal gauge mediation model which contains all necessary ingredients, i.e. not only a SUSY-breaking dynamics and a gauge mediation mechanism, but also a candidate for the dark matter. The model has only one free mass parameter, that is, the mass for messengers. In this model, the dark matter is provided by a composite particle in the SUSY-breaking sector, and the observed value of the dark matter density uniquely fixes the mass of messengers at the order of 102 TeV. Then, the sfermion and gaugino masses are fixed to be of order 102-103 GeV without any arbitrariness, thus the SUSY particles are expected not to be discovered at the Tevatron or LEP, while having a discovery possibility at the LHC.
Lectures on Fuzzy and Fuzzy SUSY Physics
Balachandran, A. P.; Kurkcuoglu, S.; Vaidya, S.
2005-01-01
This is a preliminary version, comments and inputs are welcome. Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Fuzzy Spaces. 3. Star Products. 4. Scalar Fields on the Fuzzy Sphere. 5. Instantons, Monopoles and Projective Modules. 6. Fuzzy Nonlinear Sigma Models. 7. Fuzzy Gauge Theories. 8. The Dirac Operator and Axial Anomaly. 9. Fuzzy Supersymmetry. 10.Fuzzy Spaces as Hopf Algebras.
A Bottom-Up Approach to SUSY Analyses
Horn, Claus; /SLAC
2011-11-11
This paper proposes a new way to do event generation and analysis in searches for new physics at the LHC. An abstract notation is used to describe the new particles on a level which better corresponds to detector resolution of LHC experiments. In this way the SUSY discovery space can be decomposed into a small number of eigenmodes each with only a few parameters, which allows to investigate the SUSY parameter space in a model-independent way. By focusing on the experimental observables for each process investigated the Bottom-Up Approach allows to systematically study the boarders of the experimental efficiencies and thus to extend the sensitivity for new physics.
SLAM, a Mathematica interface for SUSY spectrum generators
We present and publish a Mathematica package, which can be used to automatically obtain any numerical MSSM input parameter from SUSY spectrum generators, which follow the SLHA standard, like SPheno, SOFTSUSY or Suspect. The package enables a very comfortable way of numerical evaluations within the MSSM using Mathematica. It implements easy to use predefined high scale and low scale scenarios like mSUGRA or mhmax and if needed enables the user to directly specify the input required by the spectrum generators. In addition it supports an automatic saving and loading of SUSY spectra to and from a SQL data base, avoiding the rerun of a spectrum generator for a known spectrum.
SUSY searches at 13 TeV at ATLAS
Trigger, Isabel Marian; The ATLAS collaboration
2016-01-01
Despite the absence of experimental evidence, weak-scale supersymmetry remains one of the best motivated and studied Standard Model extensions. This talk summarizes recent ATLAS results from searches for supersymmetric (SUSY) particles, using the 3.2 fb-1 of proton-proton collision data recorded in 2015 by the ATLAS experiment at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. These searches targeted strong production in R-Parity-conserving SUSY scenarios, with final states including jets, missing transverse momentum, with or without leptons, as well as long-lived particle signatures.
Reconstruction of tau leptons and prospects for SUSY in ATLAS
Final states with tau leptons may play a special role among the broad variety of signatures for the production of supersymmetric particles at the LHC. The algorithms for tau reconstruction and identification are discussed, which are essential ingredients to reject the huge background from QCD processes. The status of analyses of SUSY tau lepton final states within the ATLAS experiment at the LHC are presented, which range from a study of semi-inclusive discovery prospects to more exclusive processes with two tau leptons from χ-tilde20 decays and their implications for the determination of SUSY parameters. Also, the prospects for exploiting tau lepton polarization are discussed.
The 750 GeV diphoton excess and SUSY
Heinemeyer, S.
2016-01-01
The LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS have reported an excess in the diphoton spectrum at \\sim 750 GeV. At the same time the motivation for Supersymmetry (SUSY) remains unbowed. Consequently, we review briefly the proposals to explain this excess in SUSY, focusing on "pure" (N)MSSM solutions. We then review in more detail a proposal to realize this excess within the NMSSM. In this particular scenario a Higgs boson with mass around 750 GeV decays to two light pseudo-scalar Higgs bosons. Via mixing...
SUSY Ward identities in 1-loop perturbation theory
We present preliminary results of a study of the supersymmetric (SUSY) Ward identities (WIs) for the N = 1 SU(2) SUSY Yang-Mills theory in the context of one-loop lattice perturbation theory. The supersymmetry on the lattice is explicitly broken by the gluino mass and the lattice artifacts. However, the renormalization of the supercurrent can be carried out in a scheme that restores the nominal continuum WIs. The perturbative calculation of the renormalization constants and mixing coefficients for the local supercurrent is presented
Non-universal SUSY breaking, hierarchy and squark degeneracty
I discuss non-trivial effects in the soft SUSY breaking terms which appear when one integrates out heavy fields. The effects exist only when the SUSY breaking terms are non-universal. They may spoil (1) the hierarchy between the weak and high-energy scales, or (2) degeneracy among the squark masses even in the presense of a horizontal symmetry. I argue, in the end, that such new effects may be useful in probing physics at high-energy scales from TeV-scale experiments
Searches for electroweak SUSY in ATLAS and CMS
Kalsi, Amandeep Kaur
2015-01-01
Results for SUSY searches in the electroweak sector are summarized, based on ~20 fb$^{-1}$ of 8 TeV proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS and ATLAS detector. A variety of complementary final state signatures and methods are used to probe gaugino and slepton production, including compressed scenarios. This talk includes the latest CMS results from the first ever search for SUSY production through vector boson fusion processes in a topology of two leptons, two forward jets and missing transverse energy.
Minimal SUSY SO(10) and Yukawa unification
The minimal supersymmetric (SUSY) SO(10) model, where only two Higgs multiplets {10⊕126-bar} are utilized for Yukawa couplings with matter fields, can nicely fit the neutrino oscillation parameters as well as charged fermion masses and mixing angles. In the fitting of the fermion mass matrix data, the largest element in the Yukawa coupling with the 126-bar -plet Higgs (Y126) is found to be of order one, so that the right see-saw scale should be provided by Higgs vacuum expectation values (VEVs) of β(1014GeV). This fact causes a serious problem, namely, the gauge coupling unification is spoiled because of the presence of many exotic Higgs multiples emerging at the see-saw scale. In order to solve this problem, we consider a unification between bottom-quark and tau Yukawa couplings (b - τ Yukawa coupling unification) at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale, due to threshold corrections of superpartners to the Yukawa couplings at the 1 TeV scale. When the b - τ Yukawa coupling unification is very accurate, the largest element in Y126 can become β(0.01), so that the right see-saw scale is realized by the GUT scale VEV and the usual gauge coupling unification is maintained. Since the b - τ Yukawa unification alters the Yukawa coupling data at the GUT scale, we re-analyze the fitting of the fermion mass matrix data by taking all the relevant free parameters into account. Unfortunately, we find that no parameter region shows up to give a nice fit for the current neutrino oscillation data and therefore, the usual picture of the gauge coupling unification cannot accommodate the fermion mass matrix data fitting in our procedure.
N=2 SUSY gauge theories on S^4
Hosomichi, Kazuo
2016-01-01
We review exact results in N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories defined on S^4 and its deformation. We first summarize the construction of rigid SUSY theories on curved backgrounds based on off-shell supergravity, then explain how to apply localization principle to supersymmetric path integrals. Closed formulae for partition function as well as expectation values of non-local BPS observables are presented.
Further SUSY Simplified Model interpretations for Moriond 2016
CMS Collaboration
2016-01-01
A variety of searches for supersymmetry has been carried out by the CMS collaboration based on the $13~\\mathrm{TeV}$ pp collision data collected in 2015. In this note, we present a number of additional interpretations of these searches in different SUSY simplified models, complementing the previous preliminary results.
DarkSUSY: Computing Supersymmetric Dark Matter Properties Numerically
The question of the nature of the dark matter in the Universe remains one of the most outstanding unsolved problems in basic science. One of the best motivated particle physics candidates is the lightest supersymmetric particle, assumed to be the lightest neutralino - a linear combination of the supersymmetric partners of the photon, the Z boson and neutral scalar Higgs particles. Here we describe DarkSUSY, a publicly-available advanced numerical package for neutralino dark matter calculations. In DarkSUSY one can compute the neutralino density in the Universe today using precision methods which include resonances, pair production thresholds and coannihilations. Masses and mixings of supersymmetric particles can be computed within DarkSUSY or with the help of external programs such as FeynHiggs, ISASUGRA and SUSPECT. Accelerator bounds can be checked to identify viable dark matter candidates. DarkSUSY also computes a large variety of astrophysical signals from neutralino dark matter, such as direct detection in low-background counting experiments and indirect detection through antiprotons, antideuterons, gamma-rays and positrons from the Galactic halo or high-energy neutrinos from the center of the Earth or of the Sun. Here we describe the physics behind the package. A detailed manual will be provided with the computer package
Graphical Representation of SUSY and C-Program Calculation
Ichinose, Shoichi
2006-01-01
We present a graphical representation of the supersymmetry and a C-program for the graphical calculation. Calculation is demonstrated for 4D Wess-Zumino model and for Super QED. The chiral operators are graphically expressed in an illuminating way. The tedious part of SUSY calculation, due to manipulating chiral suffixes, reduces considerably. The application is diverse.
Indirect limits on SUSY Rp violating couplings λ and λ'
We review and update as many as possible indirect limits on SUSY Rp violating couplings λ and λ'. We consider about 25 experimental measurements and compare them to their expectation value in the standard model. We find more stringent limits on almost all of the parameters. (authors)
Post LHC7 SUSY benchmark points for ILC physics
Baer, Howard [Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States); List, Jenny [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2012-05-15
We re-evaluate prospects for supersymmetry at the proposed International Linear e{sup +}e{sup -} Collider (ILC) in light of the first year of serious data taking at LHC with {radical}(s)=7 TeV and {proportional_to}5 fb{sup -1} of pp collisions (LHC7). Strong new limits from LHC SUSY searches, along with a hint of a Higgs boson signal around m{sub h}{proportional_to}125 GeV, suggest a paradigm shift from previously popular models to ones with new and compelling signatures. We present a variety of new ILC benchmark models, including: natural SUSY, hidden SUSY, NUHM2 with low m{sub A}, non-universal gaugino mass (NUGM) model, pMSSM, Kallosh-Linde model, Bruemmer-Buchmueller model, normal scalar mass hierarchy (NMH) plus one surviving case from mSUGRA/CMSSM in the far focus point region. While all these models at present elude the latest LHC limits, they do offer intriguing case study possibilities for ILC operating at {radical}(s){proportional_to}0.25-1 TeV, and present a view of some of the diverse SUSY phenomena which might be expected at both LHC and ILC in the post LHC7 era.
SUSY and BSM in the face of LHC-14
Casas, J Alberto
2015-01-01
In this talk I review the motivations for physics beyond the Standard Model at the TeV scale and the prospects for their detection in the second Run of LHC. Then I focus in the supersymmetric case, paying special attention to the formulation and implications of the Natural SUSY scenario.
ATLAS analysis model and SUSY searches in lepton channels
The ATLAS experiment built at CERN will start to take data in some months.The computing model for data analysis includes many tools.The new ATLAS Event Data Model will be investigated here.As an example the sensitivity of a SUSY search requiring 2/3/4 jets plus one lepton will be shown
SLAM, a Mathematica interface for SUSY spectrum generators
Marquard, Peter
2013-01-01
We present and publish a Mathematica package, which can be used to automatically obtain any numerical MSSM input parameter from SUSY spectrum generators, which follow the SLHA standard, like Spheno, Softsusy or Suspect. The package enables a very comfortable way of numerical evaluations within the MSSM using Mathematica. It implements easy to use predefined high scale and low scale scenarios like mSUGRA or mh_max and if needed enables the user to directly specify the input required by the spectrum generators. In addition it supports an automatic saving and loading of SUSY spectra to and from a SQL data base, avoiding the rerun of a spectrum generator for a known spectrum.
Higgs couplings and naturalness in λ-SUSY
We study Higgs boson couplings in the large-λ version of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, known as λ-SUSY. We find that the predicted deviations from the Standard Model (SM) in these couplings are inversely correlated with the amount of fine-tuning needed to accommodate a 126 GeV Higgs. In the most natural regions of parameter space, the 126 GeV Higgs has large admixtures of both the SM-singlet and the non-SM Higgs doublet scalars, and such regions are already ruled out by the LHC. Future improvements in the Higgs coupling measurements will either discover deviations from the SM, or put further stress on naturalness in λ-SUSY. We present projections for future experiments and find that HL-LHC and the proposed e+e− Higgs factories can explore regions of parameter space that are fine-tuned at the level of up to 0.1%
Integrable Structure in SUSY Gauge Theories, and String Duality
Nam, S
1996-01-01
There is a close relation between duality in $N=2$ SUSY gauge theories and integrable models. In particular, the quantum moduli space of vacua of $N=2$ SUSY $SU(3)$ gauge theories coupled to two flavors of massless quarks in the fundamental representation can be related to the spectral curve of the Goryachev-Chaplygin top. Generalizing this to the cases with {\\it massive} quarks, and $N_f = 0,1,2$, we find a corresponding integrable system in seven dimensional phase space where a hyperelliptic curve appears in the Painlevé test. To understand the stringy origin of the integrability of these theories we obtain exact nonperturbative point particle limit of type II string compactified on a Calabi-Yau manifold, which gives the hyperelliptic curve of $SU(2)$ QCD with $N_f =1$ hypermultiplet.
The 750 GeV diphoton excess and SUSY
Heinemeyer, S
2016-01-01
The LHC experiments ATLAS and CMS have reported an excess in the diphoton spectrum at \\sim 750 GeV. At the same time the motivation for Supersymmetry (SUSY) remains unbowed. Consequently, we review briefly the proposals to explain this excess in SUSY, focusing on "pure" (N)MSSM solutions. We then review in more detail a proposal to realize this excess within the NMSSM. In this particular scenario a Higgs boson with mass around 750 GeV decays to two light pseudo-scalar Higgs bosons. Via mixing with the pion these pseudo-scalars decay into a pair of highly collimated photons, which are identified as one photon, thus resulting in the observed signal.
SLAM, a Mathematica interface for SUSY spectrum generators
Marquard, Peter [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Zerf, Nikolai [Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Physics
2013-09-15
We present and publish a Mathematica package, which can be used to automatically obtain any numerical MSSM input parameter from SUSY spectrum generators, which follow the SLHA standard, like SPheno, SOFTSUSY or Suspect. The package enables a very comfortable way of numerical evaluations within the MSSM using Mathematica. It implements easy to use predefined high scale and low scale scenarios like mSUGRA or m{sub h}{sup max} and if needed enables the user to directly specify the input required by the spectrum generators. In addition it supports an automatic saving and loading of SUSY spectra to and from a SQL data base, avoiding the rerun of a spectrum generator for a known spectrum.
Restudy on Time-Evolution of SUSY Dark Matter
FENG Tai-Fu; LI Xue-Qian; MENG Qing-Wei; REN Zhen-Yu
2002-01-01
We restudy the Lee-Weinberg time-evolution equation including the R-parity violation. We carefullyanalyze the intluence of the boundary conditions, equation of state, SUSY parameters, especially the R-parity violation,and other factors on the time-evolution of the SUSY cold dark matter. Our numerical results show that without Rparity violation, only two ranges 20 ＜ mx01 ＜ 30 GeV and 75 ＜ mx01 ＜ 110 GeV can be consistent with data, if30 ＜ mx01 ＜ 75 GeV, there must be at least two kinds of heavy particles contributing to the cold dark matter. However,with the R-parity violation, the heavy neutralino can be dark matter constituent, but it must decay and the R-parityviolation parameter is constrained by the present data.
Searches for BSM (non-SUSY) physics at the Tevatron
Gerberich, Heather K.; /Illinois U., Urbana
2005-11-01
As of July 2005, the Tevatron at Fermilab has delivered {approx} 1 fb{sup -1} of data to the CDF and D0 experiments. Each experiment has recorded more than 80% of the delivered luminosity. Results of searches for physics (non-SUSY and non-Higgs) beyond the Standard Model using 200 pb{sup -1} to 480 pb{sup -1} at D0 and CDF are presented.
SLAM, a Mathematica interface for SUSY spectrum generators
Marquard, Peter; Zerf, Nikolai
2014-03-01
We present and publish a Mathematica package, which can be used to automatically obtain any numerical MSSM input parameter from SUSY spectrum generators, which follow the SLHA standard, like SPheno, SOFTSUSY, SuSeFLAV or Suspect. The package enables a very comfortable way of numerical evaluations within the MSSM using Mathematica. It implements easy to use predefined high scale and low scale scenarios like mSUGRA or mhmax and if needed enables the user to directly specify the input required by the spectrum generators. In addition it supports an automatic saving and loading of SUSY spectra to and from a SQL data base, avoiding the rerun of a spectrum generator for a known spectrum. Catalogue identifier: AERX_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AERX_v1_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen’s University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 4387 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 37748 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Mathematica. Computer: Any computer where Mathematica version 6 or higher is running providing bash and sed. Operating system: Linux. Classification: 11.1. External routines: A SUSY spectrum generator such as SPheno, SOFTSUSY, SuSeFLAV or SUSPECT Nature of problem: Interfacing published spectrum generators for automated creation, saving and loading of SUSY particle spectra. Solution method: SLAM automatically writes/reads SLHA spectrum generator input/output and is able to save/load generated data in/from a data base. Restrictions: No general restrictions, specific restrictions are given in the manuscript. Running time: A single spectrum calculation takes much less than one second on a modern PC.
Neutrino masses from SUSY breaking in radiative seesaw models
Figueiredo, António J. R.
2015-03-01
Radiatively generated neutrino masses () are proportional to supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking, as a result of the SUSY non-renormalisation theorem. In this work, we investigate the space of SUSY radiative seesaw models with regard to their dependence on SUSY breaking ([InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]). In addition to contributions from sources of [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] that are involved in electroweak symmetry breaking ([InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] contributions), and which are manifest from and , radiatively generated can also receive contributions from [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] sources that are unrelated to EWSB ([InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] contributions). We point out that recent literature overlooks pure-[InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] contributions () that can arise at the same order of perturbation theory as the leading order contribution from [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]. We show that there exist realistic radiative seesaw models in which the leading order contribution to is proportional to [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]. To our knowledge no model with such a feature exists in the literature. We give a complete description of the simplest model topologies and their leading dependence on [InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.]. We show that in one-loop realisations operators are suppressed by at least or . We construct a model example based on a one-loop type-II seesaw. An interesting aspect of these models lies in the fact that the scale of soft-[InlineEquation not available: see fulltext.] effects generating the leading order can be quite small without conflicting with lower limits on the mass of new particles.
Renormalization of coupling constants in the minimal SUSY models
Nevzorov, R. B.; Ter-Martirosyan, K. A.; Trusov, M.A.
2003-01-01
The considerable part of the parameter space in the MSSM corresponding to the infrared quasi fixed point scenario is excluded by LEP II bounds on the lightest Higgs boson mass. In the NMSSM the mass of the lightest Higgs boson reaches its maximum value in the strong Yukawa coupling limit when Yukawa couplings are essentially larger than gauge ones at the Grand Unification scale. In this case the renormalization group flow of Yukawa couplings and soft SUSY breaking terms is investigated. The q...
pMSSM combination of SUSY searches at the LHC
Cervelli, Alberto; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
The results of supersymmetric searches at the LHC are usually presented in the context of simplified models, with a single specific production channel and decay mode for the supersymmetric particles. In full SUSY models, several production and decay channels are expected, and the limits on supersymmetric particle masses might be weaker. In the following we will presents the combination of the results from each of the ATLAS and CMS collaborations to place constraints on the 19-parameter phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM).
SUSY Dark Matter in Universal and Nonuniversal Gaugino Mass Models
Roy, D. P.
2016-01-01
We review the phenomenology of SUSY dark matter in various versions of MSSM, with universal and nonuniversal gaugino masses at the GUT scale. We start with the universal case (CMSSM), where the cosmologically compatible dark matter relic density is achieved only over some narrow regions of parameter space, involving some fine-tuning. Moreover, most of these regions are seriously challenged by the constraints from collider and direct dark matter detection experiments. Then we consider some sim...
Neutrino masses and SUSY SU(5) gut flavor predictions
The patterns of the flavor violating effects which are radiatively induced via the neutrino Yukawa couplings are analysed in realistic “minimal” SUSY SU(5) models, obtained by adding nonrenormalizable operators to the minimal one, in order to fix the fermion spectrum and suppress proton decay. We compare results for the three possible implementations of the seesaw mechanisms, i.e. of Type I, II and III. (author)
Non-susy exotics searches at the Tevatron
Pronko, Alexandre; /Fermilab
2008-05-01
The authors present results of searches for signs of physics beyond the Standard Model. The focus of this paper is on analyses not driven by SUSY models. Most of the presented results are based on {approx} 2 fb{sup -1} of data and obtained since summer of 2007. No significant excess of data over predicted background is observed. They report kinematic distributions, data and background counts, as well as limits on some parameters of selected models of new physics.
Optimization of Markov chains for a SUSY fitter: Fittino
A Markov chains is a ''random walk'' algorithm which allows an efficient scan of a given profile and the search of the absolute minimum, even when this profil suffers from the presence of many secondary minima. This property makes them particularly suited to the study of Supersymmetry (SUSY) models, where minima have to be found in up-to 18-dimensional space for the general MSSM. Hence the SUSY fitter ''Fittino'' uses a Metropolis*Hastings Markov chain in a frequentist interpretation to study the impact of current low -energy measurements, as well as expected measurements from LHC and ILC, on the SUSY parameter space. The expected properties of an optimal Markov chain should be the independence of final results with respect to the starting point and a fast convergence. These two points can be achieved by optimizing the width of the proposal distribution, that is the ''average step length'' between two links in the chain. We developped an algorithm for the optimization of the proposal width, by modifying iteratively the width so that the rejection rate be around fifty percent. This optimization leads to a starting point independent chain as well as a faster convergence.
Precision Natural SUSY at CEPC, FCC-ee, and ILC
Fan, JiJi; Wang, Lian-Tao
2014-01-01
Testing the idea of naturalness is and will continue to be one of the most important goals of high energy physics experiments. It will play a central role in the physics program of future colliders. In this paper, we present projections of the reach of natural SUSY at future lepton colliders: CEPC, FCC-ee and ILC. We focus on the observables which give the strongest reach, the electroweak precision observables (for left-handed stops), and Higgs to gluon and photon decay rates (for both left- and right-handed stops). There is a "blind spot" when the stop mixing parameter Xt is approximately equal to the average stop mass. We argue that in natural scenarios, bounds on the heavy Higgs bosons from tree-level mixing effects that modify the bottom Yukawa coupling together with bounds from b to s gamma play a complementary role in probing the blind spot region. For specific natural SUSY scenarios such as folded SUSY in which the top partners do not carry Standard Model color charges, electroweak precision observable...
Lepton Flavor Violation in Predictive SUSY-GUT Models
Albright, Carl H.; /Northern Illinois U. /Fermilab; Chen, Mu-Chun; /UC, Irvine
2008-02-01
There have been many theoretical models constructed which aim to explain the neutrino masses and mixing patterns. While many of the models will be eliminated once more accurate determinations of the mixing parameters, especially sin{sup 2} 2{theta}{sub 13}, are obtained, charged lepton flavor violation (LFV) experiments are able to differentiate even further among the models. In this paper, they investigate various rare LFV processes, such as {ell}{sub i} {yields} {ell}{sub j} + {gamma} and {mu} - e conversion, in five predictive SUSY SO(10) models and their allowed soft SUSY breaking parameter space in the constrained minimal SUSY standard model (CMSSM). Utilizing the WMAP dark matter constraints, they obtain lower bounds on the branching ratios of these rare processes and find that at least three of the five models they consider give rise to predictions for {mu} {yields} e + {gamma} that will be tested by the MEG collaboration at PSI. in addition, the next generation {mu} - e conversion experiment has sensitivity to the predictions of all five models, making it an even more robust way to test these models. While generic studies have emphasized the dependence of the branching ratios of these rare processes on the reactor neutrino angle, {theta}{sub 13}, and the mass of the heaviest right-handed neutrino, M{sub 3}, they find very massive M{sub 3} is more significant than large {theta}{sub 13} in leading to branching ratios near to the present upper limits.
Implications of low and high energy measurements on SUSY models
Jegerlehner, Fred [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik
2012-04-15
New Physics searches at the LHC have increased significantly lower bounds on unknown particle masses. This increases quite dramatically the tension in the interpretation of the data: low energy precision data which are predicted accurately by the SM (LEP observables like M{sub W} or loop induced rare processes like B {yields}X{sub s}{gamma} or B{sub s}{yields}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}) and quantities exhibiting an observed discrepancy between SM theory and experiment, most significantly found for the muon g-2 seem to be in conflict now. (g-2){sub {mu}} appears to be the most precisely understood observable which at the same time reveals a 3-4 {sigma} deviation between theory and experiment and thus requires a significant new physics contribution. The hints for a Higgs of mass about 125 GeV, which is precisely what SUSY extensions of the SM predict, seem to provide a strong indication for SUSY. At the same time it brings into serious trouble the interpretation of the (g-2){sub {mu}} deviation as a SUSY contribution.
Dark Matter in Split SUSY with Intermediate Higgses
Cheung, Kingman; Lee, Jae Sik; Tsai, Yue-Lin Sming
2014-01-01
The searches for heavy Higgs bosons and supersymmetric (SUSY) particles at the LHC have left the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with an unusual spectrum of SUSY particles, namely, all squarks are beyond a few TeV while the Higgs bosons other than the one observed at 125 GeV could be relatively light. In light of this, we study a scenario characterized by two scales: the SUSY breaking scale or the squark-mass scale $(M_S)$ and the heavy Higgs-boson mass scale $(M_A)$. We perform a survey of the MSSM parameter space with $M_S \\lesssim 10^{10}$ GeV and $M_A \\lesssim 10^4$ GeV such that the lightest Higgs boson mass is within the range of the observed Higgs boson as well as satisfying a number of constraints. The set of constraints include the invisible decay width of the $Z$ boson and that of the Higgs boson, the chargino-mass limit, dark matter relic abundance from Planck, the spin-independent cross section of direct detection by LUX, and gamma-ray flux from dwarf spheroidal galaxies and gamma-ray...
The Higgs Mass as a Signature of Heavy SUSY
Ibanez, Luis E
2013-01-01
We compute the mass of the Higgs particle in a scheme in which SUSY is broken at a large scale M_{SS} well above the electroweak scale M_{EW}. Below M_{SS} one assumes one is just left with the SM with a fine-tuned Higgs potential. Under standard unification assumptions one can compute the mass of the Higgs particle as a function of the SUSY breaking scale M_{SS}. For M_{SS} > 10^{10} GeV one obtains m_H=126 \\pm 3 GeV, consistent with CMS and ATLAS results. For lower values of M_{SS} the values of the Higgs mass tend to those of a fine-tuned MSSM with m_H < 130 GeV. These results support the idea that the measured value of the Higgs mass at LHC may be considered as indirect evidence for the existence of SUSY at some (not necessarily low) mass scale.
A Fourth Chiral Generation And Susy Breaking
Wingerter, Akin
2011-01-01
We revisit four generations within the context of supersymmetry. We compute the perturbativity limits for the fourth generation Yukawa couplings and show that if the masses of the fourth generation lie within reasonable limits of their present experimental lower bounds, it is possible to have perturbativity only up to scales around 1000 TeV, i.e. the current experimental bounds and perturbative unification are mutually exclusive. Such low scales are ideally suited to incorporate gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking, where the mediation scale can be as low as 10-20 TeV. The minimal messenger model, however, is highly constrained. Lack of electroweak symmetry breaking rules out a large part of the parameter space, and in the remaining part, the fourth generation stau is tachyonic.
Hidden SUSY from precision gauge unification
Krippendorf, Sven; Ratz, Michael; Winkler, Martin Wolfgang
2013-01-01
We revisit the implications of naturalness and gauge unification in the MSSM. We find that precision unification of the couplings in connection with a small mu parameter requires a highly compressed gaugino pattern as it is realized in mirage mediation. Due to the small mass difference between gluino and LSP, collider limits on the gluino mass are drastically relaxed. Without further assumptions, the relic density of the LSP is very close to the observed dark matter density due to coannihilation effects.
Hidden SUSY from precision gauge unification
We revisit the implications of naturalness and gauge unification in the MSSM. We find that precision unification of the couplings in connection with a small μ parameter requires a highly compressed gaugino pattern as it is realized in mirage mediation. Due to the small mass difference between gluino and LSP, collider limits on the gluino mass are drastically relaxed. Without further assumptions, the relic density of the LSP is very close to the observed dark matter density due to coannihilation effects.
Hidden SUSY from precision gauge unification
Krippendorf, Sven; Nilles, Hans Peter [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics; Bonn Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Ratz, Michael [Technische Univ. Muenchen, Garching (Germany). Physik-Department; Winkler, Martin Wolfgang [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
2013-06-15
We revisit the implications of naturalness and gauge unification in the MSSM. We find that precision unification of the couplings in connection with a small {mu} parameter requires a highly compressed gaugino pattern as it is realized in mirage mediation. Due to the small mass difference between gluino and LSP, collider limits on the gluino mass are drastically relaxed. Without further assumptions, the relic density of the LSP is very close to the observed dark matter density due to coannihilation effects.
Lepton flavor violation in flavored gauge mediation
Calibbi, Lorenzo [Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Service de Physique Theorique, Brussels (Belgium); Paradisi, Paride [Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Padua (Italy); INFN Sezione di Padova, Padua (Italy); SISSA, Trieste (Italy); Ziegler, Robert [Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7589, LPTHE, Paris (France); CNRS, UMR 7589, LPTHE, Paris (France)
2014-12-01
We study the anatomy and phenomenology of lepton flavor violation (LFV) in the context of flavored gauge mediation (FGM). Within FGM, the messenger sector couples directly to the MSSM matter fields with couplings controlled by the same dynamics that explains the hierarchies in the SM Yukawas. Although the pattern of flavor violation depends on the particular underlying flavor model, FGM provides a built-in flavor suppression similar to wave function renormalization or SUSY partial compositeness. Moreover, in contrast to these models, there is an additional suppression of left-right flavor transitions by third-generation Yukawas that in particular provides an extra protection against flavor-blind phases. We exploit the consequences of this setup for lepton flavor phenomenology, assuming that the new couplings are controlled by simple U(1) flavor models that have been proposed to accommodate large neutrino mixing angles. Remarkably, it turns out that in the context of FGM these models can pass the impressive constraints from LFV processes and leptonic electric dipole moments (EDMs) even for light superpartners, therefore offering the possibility of resolving the longstanding muon g - 2 anomaly. (orig.)
Lepton flavor violation in flavored gauge mediation
We study the anatomy and phenomenology of lepton flavor violation (LFV) in the context of flavored gauge mediation (FGM). Within FGM, the messenger sector couples directly to the MSSM matter fields with couplings controlled by the same dynamics that explains the hierarchies in the SM Yukawas. Although the pattern of flavor violation depends on the particular underlying flavor model, FGM provides a built-in flavor suppression similar to wave function renormalization or SUSY partial compositeness. Moreover, in contrast to these models, there is an additional suppression of left-right flavor transitions by third-generation Yukawas that in particular provides an extra protection against flavor-blind phases. We exploit the consequences of this setup for lepton flavor phenomenology, assuming that the new couplings are controlled by simple U(1) flavor models that have been proposed to accommodate large neutrino mixing angles. Remarkably, it turns out that in the context of FGM these models can pass the impressive constraints from LFV processes and leptonic electric dipole moments (EDMs) even for light superpartners, therefore offering the possibility of resolving the longstanding muon g - 2 anomaly. (orig.)
SUSY non-Abelian gauge models: exact beta function from one loop of perturbation theory
The method for calculating the exact β function (to all orders in the coupling constant) proposed earlier in supersymmetric electrodynamics is extended. The starting point is the observation that the low-energy effective action is exhausted by one loop provided that the theory is regularized supersymmetrically both in the ultraviolet and infrared domains in four dimensions. The Pouli-Villars method of the ultraviolet regularization is used. Two methods for the infrared regularization are considered. The first one - quantization in a box with a finite volume L3 - is universally applicable to anygauge theory. The second method is based on the effective Higgs mechanism for mass generation and requires the presence of certain matter superfields in the lagrangian. Within this method the necessary condition is the existence of flat directions, so called valeys, along which the vacuum energy vanishes. The theory is quantized near epsilon non-vanishing value of the scalar field from the bottom of the valley. After calculating the one-loop effective action one and the same exact expression is obtained for the β function within the both approaches, and it also coincides with our earlier result extracted from instanton calculus. A few remarks on the problem of anomalies in SUSY gauge theories are presented
Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdel Khalek, Samah; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdinov, Ovsat; Aben, Rosemarie; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; AbouZeid, Ossama; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Agustoni, Marco; Aharrouche, Mohamed; Ahlen, Steven; Ahles, Florian; Ahmad, Ashfaq; Ahsan, Mahsana; Aielli, Giulio; Akdogan, Taylan; Åkesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Alam, Mohammad; Alam, Muhammad Aftab; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alessandria, Franco; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Aliev, Malik; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alison, John; Allbrooke, Benedict; Allport, Phillip; Allwood-Spiers, Sarah; Almond, John; Aloisio, Alberto; Alon, Raz; Alonso, Alejandro; Alonso, Francisco; Altheimer, Andrew David; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amelung, Christoph; Ammosov, Vladimir; Amor Dos Santos, Susana Patricia; Amorim, Antonio; Amram, Nir; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Andrieux, Marie-Laure; Anduaga, Xabier; Angelidakis, Stylianos; Anger, Philipp; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonaki, Ariadni; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoki, Masato; Aoun, Sahar; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Apolle, Rudi; Arabidze, Giorgi; Aracena, Ignacio; Arai, Yasuo; Arce, Ayana; Arfaoui, Samir; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Arik, Engin; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Arnal, Vanessa; Arnault, Christian; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Arutinov, David; Asai, Shoji; Ask, Stefan; Åsman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astbury, Alan; Atkinson, Markus; Aubert, Bernard; Auge, Etienne; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Avramidou, Rachel Maria; Axen, David; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baccaglioni, Giuseppe; Bacci, Cesare; Bach, Andre; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Backus Mayes, John; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bahinipati, Seema; Bai, Yu; Bailey, David; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Baker, Mark; Baker, Sarah; Balek, Petr; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Piyali; Banerjee, Swagato; Banfi, Danilo; Bangert, Andrea Michelle; Bansal, Vikas; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barbaro Galtieri, Angela; Barber, Tom; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Bardin, Dmitri; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, João; Barrillon, Pierre; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartsch, Valeria; Basye, Austin; Bates, Richard; Batkova, Lucia; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Andreas; Battistin, Michele; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beale, Steven; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Anne Kathrin; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becks, Karl-Heinz; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Beemster, Lars; Begel, Michael; Behar Harpaz, Silvia; Behera, Prafulla; Beimforde, Michael; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belloni, Alberto; Beloborodova, Olga; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Bendtz, Katarina; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benhar Noccioli, Eleonora; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Benoit, Mathieu; Bensinger, James; Benslama, Kamal; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Berglund, Elina; Beringer, Jürg; Bernat, Pauline; Bernhard, Ralf; Bernius, Catrin; Berry, Tracey; Bertella, Claudia; Bertin, Antonio; Bertolucci, Federico; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besjes, Geert-Jan; Besson, Nathalie; Bethke, Siegfried; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianchini, Louis; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biesiada, Jed; Biglietti, Michela; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien; Bingul, Ahmet; Bini, Cesare
2013-01-01
A search for direct chargino production in anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking scenarios is performed in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV using 4.7 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. In these models, the lightest chargino is predicted to have a lifetime long enough to be detected in the tracking detectors of collider experiments. This analysis explores such models by searching for chargino decays that result in tracks with few associated hits in the outer region of the tracking system. The transverse-momentum spectrum of candidate tracks is found to be consistent with the expectation from the Standard Model background processes and constraints on chargino properties are obtained.
Aad, Georges; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdesselam, Abdelouahab; Abdinov, Ovsat; Abi, Babak; Abolins, Maris; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Acerbi, Emilio; Acharya, Bobby Samir; Adams, David; Addy, Tetteh; Adelman, Jahred; Aderholz, Michael; Adomeit, Stefanie; Adragna, Paolo; Adye, Tim; Aefsky, Scott; Aguilar-Saavedra, Juan Antonio; Aharrouche, Mohamed; Ahlen, Steven; Ahles, Florian; Ahmad, Ashfaq; Ahsan, Mahsana; Aielli, Giulio; Akdogan, Taylan; Åkesson, Torsten Paul Ake; Akimoto, Ginga; Akimov, Andrei; Akiyama, Kunihiro; Alam, Mohammad; Alam, Muhammad Aftab; Albert, Justin; Albrand, Solveig; Aleksa, Martin; Aleksandrov, Igor; Alessandria, Franco; Alexa, Calin; Alexander, Gideon; Alexandre, Gauthier; Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Alhroob, Muhammad; Aliev, Malik; Alimonti, Gianluca; Alison, John; Aliyev, Magsud; Allport, Phillip; Allwood-Spiers, Sarah; Almond, John; Aloisio, Alberto; Alon, Raz; Alonso, Alejandro; Alvarez Gonzalez, Barbara; Alviggi, Mariagrazia; Amako, Katsuya; Amaral, Pedro; Amelung, Christoph; Ammosov, Vladimir; Amorim, Antonio; Amorós, Gabriel; Amram, Nir; Anastopoulos, Christos; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; Andari, Nansi; Andeen, Timothy; Anders, Christoph Falk; Anders, Gabriel; Anderson, Kelby; Andreazza, Attilio; Andrei, George Victor; Andrieux, Marie-Laure; Anduaga, Xabier; Angerami, Aaron; Anghinolfi, Francis; Anisenkov, Alexey; Anjos, Nuno; Annovi, Alberto; Antonaki, Ariadni; Antonelli, Mario; Antonov, Alexey; Antos, Jaroslav; Anulli, Fabio; Aoun, Sahar; Aperio Bella, Ludovica; Apolle, Rudi; Arabidze, Giorgi; Aracena, Ignacio; Arai, Yasuo; Arce, Ayana; Archambault, John-Paul; Arfaoui, Samir; Arguin, Jean-Francois; Arik, Engin; Arik, Metin; Armbruster, Aaron James; Arnaez, Olivier; Arnault, Christian; Artamonov, Andrei; Artoni, Giacomo; Arutinov, David; Asai, Shoji; Asfandiyarov, Ruslan; Ask, Stefan; Åsman, Barbro; Asquith, Lily; Assamagan, Ketevi; Astbury, Alan; Astvatsatourov, Anatoli; Aubert, Bernard; Auge, Etienne; Augsten, Kamil; Aurousseau, Mathieu; Avolio, Giuseppe; Avramidou, Rachel Maria; Axen, David; Ay, Cano; Azuelos, Georges; Azuma, Yuya; Baak, Max; Baccaglioni, Giuseppe; Bacci, Cesare; Bach, Andre; Bachacou, Henri; Bachas, Konstantinos; Bachy, Gerard; Backes, Moritz; Backhaus, Malte; Badescu, Elisabeta; Bagnaia, Paolo; Bahinipati, Seema; Bai, Yu; Bailey, David; Bain, Travis; Baines, John; Baker, Oliver Keith; Baker, Mark; Baker, Sarah; Banas, Elzbieta; Banerjee, Piyali; Banerjee, Swagato; Banfi, Danilo; Bangert, Andrea Michelle; Bansal, Vikas; Bansil, Hardeep Singh; Barak, Liron; Baranov, Sergei; Barashkou, Andrei; Barbaro Galtieri, Angela; Barber, Tom; Barberio, Elisabetta Luigia; Barberis, Dario; Barbero, Marlon; Bardin, Dmitri; Barillari, Teresa; Barisonzi, Marcello; Barklow, Timothy; Barlow, Nick; Barnett, Bruce; Barnett, Michael; Baroncelli, Antonio; Barone, Gaetano; Barr, Alan; Barreiro, Fernando; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, João; Barrillon, Pierre; Bartoldus, Rainer; Barton, Adam Edward; Bartsch, Valeria; Bates, Richard; Batkova, Lucia; Batley, Richard; Battaglia, Andreas; Battistin, Michele; Battistoni, Giuseppe; Bauer, Florian; Bawa, Harinder Singh; Beale, Steven; Beare, Brian; Beau, Tristan; Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues; Beccherle, Roberto; Bechtle, Philip; Beck, Hans Peter; Becker, Sebastian; Beckingham, Matthew; Becks, Karl-Heinz; Beddall, Andrew; Beddall, Ayda; Bedikian, Sourpouhi; Bednyakov, Vadim; Bee, Christopher; Begel, Michael; Behar Harpaz, Silvia; Behera, Prafulla; Beimforde, Michael; Belanger-Champagne, Camille; Bell, Paul; Bell, William; Bella, Gideon; Bellagamba, Lorenzo; Bellina, Francesco; Bellomo, Massimiliano; Belloni, Alberto; Beloborodova, Olga; Belotskiy, Konstantin; Beltramello, Olga; Ben Ami, Sagi; Benary, Odette; Benchekroun, Driss; Benchouk, Chafik; Bendel, Markus; Benekos, Nektarios; Benhammou, Yan; Benitez Garcia, Jorge-Armando; Benjamin, Douglas; Benoit, Mathieu; Bensinger, James; Benslama, Kamal; Bentvelsen, Stan; Berge, David; Bergeaas Kuutmann, Elin; Berger, Nicolas; Berghaus, Frank; Berglund, Elina; Beringer, Jürg; Bernat, Pauline; Bernhard, Ralf; Bernius, Catrin; Berry, Tracey; Bertella, Claudia; Bertin, Antonio; Bertinelli, Francesco; Bertolucci, Federico; Besana, Maria Ilaria; Besson, Nathalie; Bethke, Siegfried; Bhimji, Wahid; Bianchi, Riccardo-Maria; Bianco, Michele; Biebel, Otmar; Bieniek, Stephen Paul; Bierwagen, Katharina; Biesiada, Jed; Biglietti, Michela; Bilokon, Halina; Bindi, Marcello; Binet, Sebastien; Bingul, Ahmet; Bini, Cesare; Biscarat, Catherine; Bitenc, Urban; Black, Kevin; Blair, Robert; Blanchard, Jean-Baptiste
2012-01-01
In models of anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB), the lightest chargino is predicted to have a lifetime long enough to be detected in collider experiments. This letter explores AMSB scenarios in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV by attempting to identify decaying charginos which result in tracks that appear to have few associated hits in the outer region of the tracking system. The search was based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.02 fb^-1 collected with the ATLAS detector in 2011. The pT spectrum of candidate tracks is found to be consistent with the expectation from Standard Model background processes and constraints on the lifetime and the production cross section were obtained. In the minimal AMSB framework with m_3/2 0, a chargino having mass below 92 GeV and a lifetime between 0.5 ns and 2 ns is excluded at 95% confidence level.
Mart ja Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad omanikena Concordia pankrotti / Andri Maimets
Maimets, Andri
2003-01-01
Concordia Ülikooli rektori kohast loobunud Mart Susi ning prorektori ametikohalt lahkunud Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad neile kuuluvat ülikooli pidanud miljonivõlgades firma pankrotti. Hiljuti loodi õppejõududest, tudengitest js töötajatest mittetulundusühing Concordia Akadeemiline Ühisus (CAU), selle nõukogu esimees on Hagi Šein
Instant uplifted inflation: A solution for a tension between inflation and SUSY breaking scale
Yamada, Yusuke
2013-01-01
The Hubble parameter during the inflationary era must be smaller than the gravitino mass if the moduli are stabilized by the Kachuru-Kallosh-Linde-Trivedi mechanism. This condition represents the difficulty to combine the low scale SUSY breaking and the high scale inflation. We propose a simple mechanism which can naturally separate the inflation scale from the SUSY breaking scale today.
Extended tree-level gauge mediation
Monaco, M.; Nardecchia, M.; Romanino, A.;
2011-01-01
Tree-level gauge mediation (TGM) is a scenario of SUSY breaking in which the tree-level exchange of heavy (possibly GUT) vector fields generates flavor-universal sfermion masses. In this work we extend this framework to the case of E(6) that is the natural extension of the minimal case studied so...
Chiral anomalies and differential geometry
Zumino, B.
1983-10-01
Some properties of chiral anomalies are described from a geometric point of view. Topics include chiral anomalies and differential forms, transformation properties of the anomalies, identification and use of the anomalies, and normalization of the anomalies. 22 references. (WHK)
SusyMath: A Mathematica package for quantum superfield calculations
Ferrari, A. F.
2007-03-01
SusyMath is a Mathematica package for quantum superfield calculations. It defines a standard form to translate the correction to the effective action corresponding to a given supergraph into a Mathematica expression, which is then evaluated and simplified. Several functions for manipulations of these expressions are provided, and the package also has the ability to save the outcomes of its calculations in ? form. Program summaryTitle of program: SusyMath Catalogue identifier:ADYQ_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADYQ_v1_0 Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland, also at http://fma.if.usp.br/~alysson/SusyMath Licensing provisions: LGPL, CPC non-profit use license Programming language: Mathematica Platform: Any platform supporting Mathematica 4.0 or higher Computer tested on: PC (Athlon64 X2 +3800); 1 GB RAM Operating system under which the program has been tested: Linux (Debian 4.0); XOrg 7.0.22; Mathematica 5.2 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.:42 472 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.:471 596 Distribution format:tar.gz Nature of the problem: Evaluate quantum corrections to the effective action of supersymmetric field theories, formulated in the superfield formalism, both in three- and four-spacetime dimensions. Solution method: A set of procedures for integration by parts, application of the algebra of covariant derivatives and Grassman integration, along with several auxiliary functions, is introduced. Restrictions: At the moment, the background field method is not implemented, but the system is designed to be further generalized. Running time: Depends on the complexity of the problem. From seconds for simpler one-loop diagrams to several hours for simple two-loop graphs.
FlexibleSUSY - a meta spectrum generator for supersymmetric models
Athron, Peter; Stöckinger, Dominik; Voigt, Alexander
2014-01-01
FlexibleSUSY is a software package that takes as input descriptions of (non-)minimal supersymmetric models written in Wolfram/Mathematica and generates a set of spectrum generator libraries and executables, with the aid of SARAH. The design goals are precision, reliability, modularity, speed, and readability of the code. The boundary conditions are independent C++ objects that are plugged into the boundary value problem solver together with the model objects. This clean separation makes it easy to adapt the generated code for individual projects. The current status of the interface and implementation is sketched.
Multiparticle SUSY quantum mechanics and representations of the permutation group
The method of multidimensional SUSY quantum mechanics is applied to the investigation of supersymmetrical N -particle systems on a line for the case of separable centre-of-mass motion. New decomposition of the super-Hamiltonian into block-diagonal form with elementary matrix components is constructed. Matrices of coefficients of these minimal blocks are shown to coincide with matrices of irreducible representations of the permutation group SN , which correspond to the Young tableaux (N-M ,1M ). The connections with known generalizations of N-particle Calogero and Sutherland models are established. (author)
Restrictions on Higgs scalar mass in SM and in SUSY
Ter-Martirosyan, K.A. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)
1996-12-31
A short review is given of restrictions on possible value of Higgs scalar M{sub h} in the Standard Model (SM) and in the Minimal SUSY Models (MSSM). At any values of parameters in MSSM M{sub h} remains small: M{sub h} {<=} 120 GeV - in two loops approximation. Introducing in MSSM one more scalar singlet Y by substitution {mu}(H{sub 1}H{sub 2}) {yields} {lambda}Y(H{sub 1}H{sub 2}) one can shift this upper limit only slightly up to M{sub h} {<=} 135 GeV. (author) 7 refs.
Restrictions on Higgs scalar mass in SM and in SUSY
A short review is given of restrictions on possible value of Higgs scalar Mh in the Standard Model (SM) and in the Minimal SUSY Models (MSSM). At any values of parameters in MSSM Mh remains small: Mh ≤ 120 GeV - in two loops approximation. Introducing in MSSM one more scalar singlet Y by substitution μ(H1H2) → λY(H1H2) one can shift this upper limit only slightly up to Mh ≤ 135 GeV. (author)
Electroweak contributions to SUSY particle production processes at the LHC
Mirabella, Edoardo
2009-07-22
In this thesis we have computed the electroweak contributions of O({alpha}{sub s}{alpha}), O({alpha}{sup 2}) and O({alpha}{sub s}{sup 2}) to three different classes of processes leading to the hadronic production of the SUSY partners of quarks and gluons, i.e. squarks and gluinos. The theoretical framework is the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model, the MSSM. The three processes are gluino pair production, diagonal squark-antisquark and associated squark-gluino production.
Integrability of scattering amplitudes in N=4 SUSY
Lipatow, L.N. [St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)]|[Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2009-02-15
We argue, that the multi-particle scattering amplitudes in N=4 SUSY at large N{sub c} and in the multi-Regge kinematics for some physical regions have the high energy behavior appearing from the contribution of the Mandelstam cuts in the corresponding t-channel partial waves. The Mandelstam cuts correspond to gluon composite states in the adjoint representation of the gauge group SU(N{sub c}). The hamiltonian for these states in the leading logarithmic approximation coincides with the local hamiltonian of an integrable open spin chain. We construct the corresponding wave functions using the integrals of motion and the Baxter-Sklyanin approach. (orig.)
Integrability of scattering amplitudes in N=4 SUSY
We argue, that the multi-particle scattering amplitudes in N=4 SUSY at large Nc and in the multi-Regge kinematics for some physical regions have the high energy behavior appearing from the contribution of the Mandelstam cuts in the corresponding t-channel partial waves. The Mandelstam cuts correspond to gluon composite states in the adjoint representation of the gauge group SU(Nc). The hamiltonian for these states in the leading logarithmic approximation coincides with the local hamiltonian of an integrable open spin chain. We construct the corresponding wave functions using the integrals of motion and the Baxter-Sklyanin approach. (orig.)
Comments on SUSY inflation models on the brane
Lee, Lu-Yun; Lin, Chia-Min
2009-01-01
In this paper we consider a class of inflation models on the brane where the dominant part of the inflaton scalar potential does not depend on the inflaton field value during inflation. In particular, we consider supernatural inflation, its hilltop version, A-term inflation, and supersymmetric (SUSY) D- and F-term hybrid inflation on the brane. We show that the parameter space can be broadened, the inflation scale generally can be lowered, and still possible to have the spectral index $n_s=0.96$.
Chanel No5 (fb^-1): The Sweet Fragrance of SUSY
Li, Tianjun; Maxin, James A.; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.; Walker, Joel W.
2012-01-01
We present compounding evidence of supersymmetry (SUSY) production at the LHC, in the form of correlations between the nominal 5\\fb ATLAS and CMS results for the 7 TeV 2011 run and detailed Monte Carlo collider-detector simulation of a concrete supersymmetric model named No-Scale F-SU(5). Restricting analysis to those event selections which yield a signal significance S/sqrt(B+1) greater than 2, we find by application of the \\chi^2 statistic that strong correlations exist among the individual...
Natural SUSY: LHC and Dark Matter direct detection experiments interplay
Barducci, D; Bharucha, A; Porod, W; Sanz, V
2015-01-01
Natural SUSY scenarios with a low value of the $\\mu$ parameter, are characterised by a higgsino-like dark matter candidate, and a compressed spectrum for the lightest higgsinos. We explore the prospects for probing this scenario at the 13 TeV stage of the LHC via monojet searches, with various integrated luminosity options, and demonstrate how these results are affect by different assumptions on the achievable level of control on the experimental systematic uncertainties. The complementarity between collider and direct detection experiments (present and future) is also highlighted.
Towards the Natural Gauge Mediation
Ding, Ran; Wang, Liucheng; Zhu, Bin
2015-01-01
The sweet spot supersymmetry (SUSY) solves the mu problem in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with gauge mediated SUSY breaking (GMSB) via the generalized Giudice-Masiero (GM) mechanism where only the mu-term and soft Higgs masses are generated at the unification scale of the Grand Unified Theory (GUT) due to the approximate PQ symmetry. Because all the other SUSY breaking soft terms are generated via the GMSB below the GUT scale, there exists SUSY electroweak (EW) fine-tuning problem to explain the 125 GeV Higgs boson mass due to small trilinear soft term. Thus, to explain the Higgs boson mass, we propose the GMSB with both the generalized GM mechanism and Higgs-messenger interactions. The renormalization group equations are runnings from the GUT scale down to EW scale. So the EW symmetry breaking can be realized easier. We can keep the gauge coupling unification and solution to the flavor problem in the GMSB, as well as solve the \\mu/B_{\\mu}-problem. Moreover, there are only five free parame...
Constraining SUSY with Heavy Scalars -- using the CMB
Iliesiu, Luca; Moodley, Kavilan; Watson, Scott
2013-01-01
If low-energy SUSY exists, LHC data favors a high mass scale for scalar superpartners (above a TeV), while sfermions and the dark matter can be parametrically lighter -- leading to a so-called split-spectrum. When combining this fact with the motivation from fundamental theory for shift-symmetric scalars (moduli) prior to SUSY breaking, this leads to a non-thermal history for the early universe. Such a history implies different expectations for the microscopic properties of dark matter, as well as the possibility of dark radiation and a cosmic axion background. In this paper we examine how correlated and mixed isocurvature perturbations are generated in such models, as well as the connection to dark radiation. WMAP constraints on multiple correlated isocurvature modes allow up to half of the primordial perturbations to be isocurvature, contrary to the case of a single isocurvature mode where perturbations must be dominantly adiabatic. However, such bounds are strongly prior dependent, and have not been invest...
Integrable Models, SUSY Gauge Theories, and String Theory
Nam, S
1996-01-01
We consider the close relation between duality in N=2 SUSY gauge theories and integrable models. Vario us integrable models ranging from Toda lattices, Calogero models, spinning tops, and spin chains are re lated to the quantum moduli space of vacua of N=2 SUSY gauge theories. In particular, SU(3) gauge t heories with two flavors of massless quarks in the fundamental representation can be related to the spec tral curve of the Goryachev-Chaplygin top, which is a Nahm's equation in disguise. This can be generaliz ed to the cases with massive quarks, and N_f = 0,1,2, where a system with seven dimensional phas e space has the relevant hyperelliptic curve appear in the Painlevé test. To understand the stringy o rigin of the integrability of these theories we obtain exact nonperturbative point particle limit of ty pe II string compactified on a Calabi-Yau manifold, which gives the hyperelliptic curve of SU(2) QCD w ith N_f =1 hypermultiplet.
Overview of SUSY results from the ATLAS experiment
Federico Brazzale Simone
2014-04-01
Full Text Available The search for Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model (SUSY remains a hot topic in high energy phisycs in the light of the discovery of the Higgs boson with mass of 125 GeV. Supersymmetric particles can cancel out the quadratically-divergent loop corrections to the Higgs boson mass and can explain presence of Dark Matter in the Universe. Moreover, SUSY can unify the gauge couplings of the Standard Model at high energy scales. Under certain theoretical assumptions, some of the super-symmetric particles are preferred to be lighter than one TeV and their discovery can thus be accessible at the LHC. The recent results from searches for Supersymmetry with the ATLAS experiment which utilized up to 21 fb−1 of proton-proton collisions at a center of mass energy of 8 TeV are presented. These searches are focused on inclusive production of squarks and gluinos, on production of third generations squarks, and on electroweak production of charginos and neutralinos. Searches for long-lived particles and R-parity violation are also summarized in the document.
Chanel No5 (fb^-1): The Sweet Fragrance of SUSY
Li, Tianjun; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Walker, Joel W
2012-01-01
We present compounding evidence of supersymmetry (SUSY) production at the LHC, in the form of correlations between the nominal 5\\fb ATLAS and CMS results for the 7 TeV 2011 run and detailed Monte Carlo collider-detector simulation of a concrete supersymmetric model named No-Scale F-SU(5). Restricting analysis to those event selections which yield a signal significance S/sqrt(B+1) greater than 2, we find by application of the \\chi^2 statistic that strong correlations exist among the individual search strategies and also between the current best fit to the SUSY mass scale and that achieved using historical 1\\fb data sets. Coupled with an appropriately large increase in the "depth" of the \\chi^2 well with increasing luminosity, we suggest that these features indicate the presence of a non-random structure to the data - a light fragrance perhaps evocative of some fuller coming fruition. Those searches having signal significances below 2 are assembled into a lower exclusion bound on the gaugino mass, which is show...
Hangout with CERN: All about SUSY (S03E09)
Kahle, Kate
2013-01-01
On 4th July 2012, CERN announced the discovery of a new boson later confirmed to be "a Higgs boson", but which one? Is it the Higgs boson predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics or one of the five Higgs bosons associated with "supersymmetry", a principle that attempts to fix the few remaining problems of the Standard Model?In this week's hangout we talk about supersymmetry, also known as "SUSY". What is it, why, and how does it link with the Higgs boson? Our host CMS physicist Freya Blekman is joined by SUSY theorist John Ellis, ATLAS physicist Xavier Portell Bueso and CMS physicist Josh Thompson, as well as student intern Jayendra Minakshisundar, with CMS physicist Seth Zenz monitoring social media.Find out more about supersymmetry by watching these videos by Don Lincoln from Fermilab: What is Supersymmetry? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0CeLRrBAI60 and Why Supersymmetry? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09VbAe9JZ8YRecorded live on 20th June 20...
Sensitivity of High-Scale SUSY in Low Energy Hadronic FCNC
Tanimoto, Morimitsu
2015-01-01
We discuss the sensitivity of the high-scale SUSY at $10$-$1000$ TeV in $B^0$, $B_s$, $K^0$ and $D$ meson systems together with the neutron EDM and the mercury EDM. In order to estimate the contribution of the squark flavor mixing to these FCNCs,we calculate the squark mass spectrum, which is consistent with the recent Higgs discovery. The SUSY contribution in $\\epsilon_K$ could be large, around 40% in the region of the SUSY scale $10$-$100$ TeV. The neutron EDM and the mercury EDM are also sensitive to the SUSY contribution induced by the gluino-squark interaction. The predicted EDMs are roughly proportional to $|\\epsilon_K^{\\rm SUSY}|$. If the SUSY contribution is the level of O(10%) for epsilon_K, the neutron EDM is expected to be discovered in the region of $10^{-28}$-$10^{-26}$ecm. The mercury EDM also gives a strong constraint for the gluino-squark interaction. The SUSY contribution of $\\Delta M_D$ is also discussed.
Sensitivity of High-Scale SUSY in Low Energy Hadronic FCNC
Morimitsu Tanimoto
2015-05-01
Full Text Available We discuss the sensitivity of the high-scale supersymmetry (SUSY at \\(10\\–\\(1000\\ TeV in \\(B^0\\, \\(B_s\\, \\(K^0\\ and \\(D\\ meson systems together with the neutron electric dipole moment (EDM and the mercury EDM. In order to estimate the contribution of the squark flavor mixing to these flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs, we calculate the squark mass spectrum, which is consistent with the recent Higgs discovery. The SUSY contribution in \\(\\epsilon_K\\ could be large, around \\(40\\%\\ in the region of the SUSY scale \\(10\\–\\(100\\ TeV. The neutron EDM and the mercury EDM are also sensitive to the SUSY contribution induced by the gluino-squark interaction. The predicted EDMs are roughly proportional to \\(|\\epsilon_K^{\\rm SUSY}|\\. If the SUSY contribution is the level of \\({\\cal O}(10\\%\\ for \\(\\epsilon_K\\, the neutron EDM is expected to be discovered in the region of \\(10^{-28}\\–\\(10^{-26}\\ ecm. The mercury EDM also gives a strong constraint for the gluino-squark interaction. The SUSY contribution of \\(\\Delta M_D\\ is also discussed.
Tracheobronchial Branching Anomalies
Hong, Min Ji; Kim, Young Tong; Jou, Sung Shick [Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Park, A Young [Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Asan (Korea, Republic of)
2010-04-15
There are various congenital anomalies with respect to the number, length, diameter, and location of tracheobronchial branching patterns. The tracheobronchial anomalies are classified into two groups. The first one, anomalies of division, includes tracheal bronchus, cardiac bronchus, tracheal diverticulum, pulmonary isomerism, and minor variations. The second one, dysmorphic lung, includes lung agenesis-hypoplasia complex and lobar agenesis-aplasia complex
SUSY Method for the Three-Dimensional Schr\\"odinger Equation with Effective Mass
Ioffe, M V; Nishnianidze, D N
2016-01-01
The three-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation with a position-dependent (effective) mass is studied in the framework of Supersymmetrical (SUSY) Quantum Mechanics. The general solution of SUSY intertwining relations with first order supercharges is obtained without any preliminary constraints. Several forms of coefficient functions of the supercharges are investigated and analytical expressions for the mass function and partner potentials are found. As usual for SUSY Quantum Mechanics with nonsingular superpotentials, the spectra of intertwined Hamiltonians coincide up to zero modes of supercharges, and the corresponding wave functions are connected by intertwining relations. All models are partially integrable by construction: each of them has at least one second order symmetry operator.
Pure Gravity Mediation and Spontaneous B-L Breaking from Strong Dynamics
Babu, Kaladi S; Yanagida, Tsutomu T
2015-01-01
In pure gravity mediation (PGM), the most minimal scheme for the mediation of supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking to the visible sector, soft masses for the standard model gauginos are generated at one loop rather than via direct couplings to the SUSY-breaking field. In any concrete implementation of PGM, the SUSY-breaking field is therefore required to carry nonzero charge under some global or local symmetry. As we point out in this note, a prime candidate for such a symmetry might be B-L, the Abelian gauge symmetry associated with the difference between baryon number B and lepton number L. The F-term of the SUSY-breaking field then not only breaks SUSY, but also B-L, which relates the respective spontaneous breaking of SUSY and B-L at a fundamental level. As a particularly interesting consequence, we find that the heavy Majorana neutrino mass scale ends up being tied to the gravitino mass, Lambda_N ~ m_3/2. Assuming nonthermal leptogenesis to be responsible for the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the univer...
SUSY Ward identities in N=1 SYM theory on the lattice
The SUSY Ward identities (WIs) for the N=1 SU(2) SUSY Yang Mills theory discretized on the lattice with Wilson fermions (gluinos) are considered. The study is performed in the framework of a Monte Carlo simulation of the model with light dynamical gluinos. The renormalization and mixing constants of the lattice SUSY current ZS and ZT and the additively renormalized gluino mass mS are unknown parameters of the SUSY WIs. Using suitable on-shell combinations of the WIs, the ratios ZT/ZS and mS/ZS are determined non-perturbatively at one value of the coupling constant g0 and two values of the hopping parameter κ
SUSY WT identity in a lattice formulation of 2D N=(2,2) SYM
We address some issues relating to a supersymmetric (SUSY) Ward-Takahashi (WT) identity in Sugino's lattice formulation of two-dimensional (2D) N=(2,2)SU(k) supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory (SYM). A perturbative argument shows that the SUSY WT identity in the continuum theory is reproduced in the continuum limit without any operator renormalization/mixing and tuning of lattice parameters. As application of the lattice SUSY WT identity, we show that a prescription for the Hamiltonian density in this lattice formulation, proposed by Kanamori, Sugino and Suzuki, is justified also from a perspective of an operator algebra among correctly-normalized supercurrents. We explicitly confirm the SUSY WT identity in the continuum limit to the first nontrivial order in a semi-perturbative expansion.
SUSY breaking after inflation in supergravity with inflaton in a massive vector multiplet
Aldabergenov, Yermek
2016-01-01
We propose a limited class of models, describing interacting chiral multiplets with a non-minimal coupling to a vector multiplet, in curved superspace of $N=1$ supergravity. Those models are suitable for the inflationary model building in supergravity with inflaton assigned to a massive vector multiplet and spontaneous SUSY breaking in Minkowski vacuum after inflation, for any values of the inflationary parameters $n_s$ and $r$, and any scale of SUSY breaking.
On SUSY Restoration in Single-Superfield Inflationary Models of Supergravity
Ketov, Sergei V
2016-01-01
We study the conditions of restoring supersymmetry (SUSY) after inflation in the supergravity-based cosmological models with a single chiral superfield and a quartic stabilization term in the K\\"ahler potential. Some new, explicit, and viable inflationary models satisfying those conditions are found. The inflaton's scalar superpartner is dynamically stabilized during and after inflation. We also demonstrate a possibility of having small and adjustable SUSY breaking with a tiny cosmological constant.
Determining SUSY and Higgs Parameters in the MSSM and its Extensions
Choi, S. Y.
2004-01-01
If supersymmetry (SUSY) is realized at the electroweak scale, its underlying structure and breaking mechanism may be explored with great precision by a future linear $e^+ e^-$ collider (LC) with a clean environment, tunable collision energy, high luminosity polarized beams, and additional $e^-e^-$, $e\\gamma$ and $\\gamma\\gamma$ modes. We review a few recent developments for determining fundamental SUSY and Higgs parameters, measuring CP violating $H/A$ mixing in the decoupling regime and probi...
Pure gravity mediation and spontaneous B-L breaking from strong dynamics
Babu, Kaladi S.; Schmitz, Kai; Yanagida, Tsutomu T.
2016-04-01
In pure gravity mediation (PGM), the most minimal scheme for the mediation of supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking to the visible sector, soft masses for the standard model gauginos are generated at one loop rather than via direct couplings to the SUSY-breaking field. In any concrete implementation of PGM, the SUSY-breaking field is therefore required to carry nonzero charge under some global or local symmetry. As we point out in this note, a prime candidate for such a symmetry might be B- L, the Abelian gauge symmetry associated with the difference between baryon number B and lepton number L. The F-term of the SUSY-breaking field then not only breaks SUSY, but also B- L, which relates the respective spontaneous breaking of SUSY and B- L at a fundamental level. As a particularly interesting consequence, we find that the heavy Majorana neutrino mass scale ends up being tied to the gravitino mass, ΛN ∼m3/2. Assuming nonthermal leptogenesis to be responsible for the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the universe, this connection may then explain why SUSY necessarily needs to be broken at a rather high energy scale, so that m3/2 ≳ 1000 TeV in accord with the concept of PGM. We illustrate our idea by means of a minimal model of dynamical SUSY breaking, in which B- L is identified as a weakly gauged flavor symmetry. We also discuss the effect of the B- L gauge dynamics on the superparticle mass spectrum as well as the resulting constraints on the parameter space of our model. In particular, we comment on the role of the B- L D-term.
Phenomenological Implications of Deflected Mirage Mediation: Comparison with Mirage Mediation
Altunkaynak, Baris; Everett, Lisa L.; Kim, Ian-Woo; Nelson, Brent D.; Rao, Yongyan
2010-01-01
We compare the collider phenomenology of mirage mediation and deflected mirage mediation, which are two recently proposed "mixed" supersymmetry breaking scenarios motivated from string compactifications. The scenarios differ in that deflected mirage mediation includes contributions from gauge mediation in addition to the contributions from gravity mediation and anomaly mediation also present in mirage mediation. The threshold effects from gauge mediation can drastically alter the low energy s...
The multidimensional N=4 supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSY QM) is constructed using the superfield approach. As a result the component form of the classical and quantum Lagrangian and Hamiltonian is obtained. In the considered SUSY QM both classical and quantum N=4 algebras include central charges and it opens various possibilities for the partial supersymmetry breaking. It is shown, that the quantum mechanical models with one quarter, one half and three quarters of the unbroken (broken) supersymmetries can exist in the framework of the multidimensional N=4 SUSY QM, while the one-dimensional N=4 SUSY QM, constructed earlier, admits only the one half or total supersymmetry breakdown. We illustrate the constructed general formalism, as well as all possible cases of the partial SUSY breaking on the example, which is the direct multidimensional generalization of the one-dimensional N=4 superconformal quantum mechanical model. Some open questions and possible applications of the constructed multidimensional N=4 SUSY QM to the known exactly integrable systems and to the problems of quantum cosmology are briefly discussed
Probing the high scale SUSY in CP violations of K, B0 and Bs mesons
We probe the high scale SUSY at 10–50 TeV in the CP violations of K, B0 and Bs mesons. In order to estimate the contribution of the squark flavor mixing to these CP violations, we discuss the squark mass spectrum, which is consistent with the recent Higgs discovery. Taking the universal soft parameters at the SUSY breaking scale, we obtain the squark mass spectrum at 10 TeV and 50 TeV, where the SM emerges. Then, the 6×6 mixing matrix between down-squarks and down-quarks is discussed by input of the experimental data of K, B0 and Bs mesons. It is found that ϵK is most sensitive to the high scale SUSY. The SUSY contributions for the time-dependent CP asymmetries SJ/ψKS and SJ/ψϕ are 6–8% at the SUSY scale of 10 TeV. We also discuss the SUSY contribution to the chromo-EDM of the strange quark
Conformal Anomalies in Hydrodynamics
Eling, Christopher; Theisen, Stefan; Yankielowicz, Shimon
2013-01-01
We study the effect of conformal anomalies on the hydrodynamic description of conformal field theories in four spacetime dimensions. We consider equilibrium curved backgrounds characterized by a time-like Killing vector and construct a local low energy effective action that captures the conformal anomalies. Using as a special background the Rindler spacetime we derive a formula for the effect of the anomaly on the hydrodynamic pressure.
David, T J
1982-01-01
The Poland anomaly is usually a non-genetic malformation syndrome. This paper reports two second cousins who both had a typical left sided Poland anomaly, and this constitutes the first recorded case of this condition affecting more than one member of a family. Despite this, for the purposes of genetic counselling, the Poland anomaly can be regarded as a sporadic condition with an extremely low recurrence risk.
Gebhard, Gernot
2010-01-01
Computing tight WCET bounds in the presence of timing anomalies - found in almost any modern hardware architecture - is a major challenge of timing analysis. In this paper, we renew the discussion about timing anomalies, demonstrating that even simple hardware architectures are prone to timing anomalies. We furthermore complete the list of timing-anomalous cache replacement policies, proving that the most-recently-used replacement policy (MRU) also exhibits a domino effect.
Network Traffic Anomaly Detection
Huang, Hong; Al-Azzawi, Hussein; Brani, Hajar
2014-01-01
This paper presents a tutorial for network anomaly detection, focusing on non-signature-based approaches. Network traffic anomalies are unusual and significant changes in the traffic of a network. Networks play an important role in today's social and economic infrastructures. The security of the network becomes crucial, and network traffic anomaly detection constitutes an important part of network security. In this paper, we present three major approaches to non-signature-based network detect...
Anomalies in B-decays and U(2) flavor symmetry
Barbieri, Riccardo [Institute of Theoretical Studies, Zurich (Switzerland); Scuola Normale Superiore, INFN, Pisa (Italy); Isidori, Gino [Universitaet Zuerich, Physik-Institut, Zurich (Switzerland); Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, INFN, Frascati (Italy); Pattori, Andrea [Universitaet Zuerich, Physik-Institut, Zurich (Switzerland); Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia ' G. Galilei' , Padua (Italy); Senia, Fabrizio [Scuola Normale Superiore, INFN, Pisa (Italy)
2016-02-15
The collection of a few anomalies in semileptonic B-decays invites to speculate about the emergence of some strikingly new phenomena. Here we offer a possible interpretation of these anomalies in the context of a weakly broken U(2){sup 5} flavor symmetry and leptoquark mediators. (orig.)
Competing Orders and Anomalies
Moon, Eun-Gook
2016-08-01
A conservation law is one of the most fundamental properties in nature, but a certain class of conservation “laws” could be spoiled by intrinsic quantum mechanical effects, so-called quantum anomalies. Profound properties of the anomalies have deepened our understanding in quantum many body systems. Here, we investigate quantum anomaly effects in quantum phase transitions between competing orders and striking consequences of their presence. We explicitly calculate topological nature of anomalies of non-linear sigma models (NLSMs) with the Wess-Zumino-Witten (WZW) terms. The non-perturbative nature is directly related with the ’t Hooft anomaly matching condition: anomalies are conserved in renormalization group flow. By applying the matching condition, we show massless excitations are enforced by the anomalies in a whole phase diagram in sharp contrast to the case of the Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson theory which only has massive excitations in symmetric phases. Furthermore, we find non-perturbative criteria to characterize quantum phase transitions between competing orders. For example, in 4D, we show the two competing order parameter theories, CP(1) and the NLSM with WZW, describe different universality class. Physical realizations and experimental implication of the anomalies are also discussed.