Comment on 'A one-way speed of light experiment'
de Abreu, Rodrigo; Guerra, Vasco
2009-01-01
A recent paper published in Am. J. Phys. describes an experiment designed to measure the one-way speed of light. Although the experiment is very interesting, in particular to be used in student laboratories, it is in fact determining the two-way speed of light.
Analysis of the circular track experiment measuring the one-way speed of light
Philip, Evan John
2012-01-01
All experiments attempting to verify the invariance of speed of light directly are based on two-way speed measurement. The challenge in one-way speed measurement, the requirement of spatially separated synchronised clocks, can be possibly circumvented by measuring the speed of light travelling in a closed path. An apparent violation of the invariance principle has been recently reported in the first experiment attempting to measure the one-way speed of light utilising this concept. This exper...
Sample size calculation for microarray experiments with blocked one-way design
Jung Sin-Ho
2009-05-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background One of the main objectives of microarray analysis is to identify differentially expressed genes for different types of cells or treatments. Many statistical methods have been proposed to assess the treatment effects in microarray experiments. Results In this paper, we consider discovery of the genes that are differentially expressed among K (> 2 treatments when each set of K arrays consists of a block. In this case, the array data among K treatments tend to be correlated because of block effect. We propose to use the blocked one-way ANOVA F-statistic to test if each gene is differentially expressed among K treatments. The marginal p-values are calculated using a permutation method accounting for the block effect, adjusting for the multiplicity of the testing procedure by controlling the false discovery rate (FDR. We propose a sample size calculation method for microarray experiments with a blocked one-way design. With FDR level and effect sizes of genes specified, our formula provides a sample size for a given number of true discoveries. Conclusion The calculated sample size is shown via simulations to provide an accurate number of true discoveries while controlling the FDR at the desired level.
Dunham, J. B.; Nemesure, M.; Teles, J.; Brown-Conwell, E. R.; Jackson, J. A.; Reamy, V. L.; Maher, M. J.; Elrod, B. D.
1990-01-01
The principal objectives of the USO experiment on the COBE spacecraft are defined, and results of space qualification studies for the COBE USO experiment are summarized. The principal objectives of the experiment are: (1) to determine flight performance of the USO coupled to the second-generation TDRSS transponder; (2) space qualify TDRSS noncoherent one-way return-link Doppler tracking; and (3) analyze algorithms for one-way navigation with real data. The three objectives of the experiment have been met in the first stage of the experiment analysis.
Catania J.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In “The Roland De Witte 1991 Experiment (to the Memory of Roland De Witte” (Progr. Phys , 2006, v. 2(3, 60–65, R.T. Cahill gives us a briefing on his view that interferometer measurements and one-way RF coaxial cable propagation-time measure- ments amount to a detection of the anisotropy in the speed of light. However, while I obtain first order propagation delays in calculations for on e-way transit which would show geometric modulation by Earth’s rotation, I do not agree with Cahill’s simplistic equation that relates the modulation solely to the projection of the absolute velocity vector v on the coaxial cable, called v P by Cahill (ibid., p. 61–62. The reader should be warned that Cahill’s equation for ∆ t (ibid., p.63 is crude compared with a full Special Relativistic derivation.
One-way functions in reversible computation
Chau, H F
1995-01-01
One-way functions are used in modern crypto-systems as doortraps because their inverse functions are supposed to be difficult to compute. Nonetheless with the discovery of reversible computation, it seems that one may eventually break a one-way function by running a reversible computer backward. Here, we argue that reversible computation alone poses no threat to their existence. In addition, we give some criteria for a function to be one-way. The impact of quantum computation on one-way functions is also addressed.
The one-way unlocalizable quantum discord
Xi, Zhengjun; Li, Yongming
2012-01-01
In this paper, we present the concept of the one-way unlocalizable quantum discord and investigate its properties. We provide a polygamy inequality for it in tripartite pure quantum system of arbitrary dimension. Several trade-offs between the one-way unlocalizable quantum discord and other correlations are given. If the von Neumann measurement is on a part of the system, we give two expressions of the one-way unlocalizable quantum discord in terms of partial distillable entanglement and quantum disturbance. Finally, we also provide a lower bound for bipartite shareability of quantum correlation beyond entanglement in a tripartite system.
Barrington-Cook, J. I.
1991-01-01
Logica has recently produced the main 'collection and forwarding' element for a comprehensive one-way VSAT system. The system is designed to utilize the extra bandwidth available from direct-to-home broadcasts using the MAC/packet television standard, in order to provide point-to-multipoint data transmission via satellite. The expectation of very large volumes of supply for standard decoders, together with the large amount of bandwidth available, suggest that extremely low cost data transmission may become available. The system is designed to provide the necessary infrastructure to allow this bulk data, low cost approach to be offered for small scale and ad-hoc data transmission.
One-Way Speed of Light Measurements without Clock Synchronisation
Cahill R. T.
2012-07-01
Full Text Available The 1991 DeWitte double one-way 1st order in v= c experiment successfully measured the anisotropy of the speed of light using clocks at each end of the RF coaxial cables. However Spavieri et al. , Physics Letters A (2012, have reported that (i clock effects caused by clock transport should be included, and (ii that this additional effect cancels the one-way light speed timing effect, implying that one-way light speed experiments “do not actually lead to the measurement of the one-way speed of light or determination of the absolute velocity of the preferred frame”. Here we explain that the Spavieri et al. derivation makes an assumption that is not always valid: that the propagation is subject to the usual Fresnel drag effect, which is not the case for RF coaxial cables. As well DeWitte did take account of the clock transport effect. The Spavieri et al. paper has prompted a clarification of these issues.
Experimental all-optical one-way quantum computing
In recent years, the relatively new field of quantum information processing (QIP) has attracted the attention of many scientists around the world due to its promise of increased computational speed, absolute secure communication and the potential to simulate complex quantum mechanical systems. The very essence of this new quantum information technology are two concepts at the very heart of quantum mechanics, namely superposition and entanglement. The present Thesis contains the results of four different experiments that were all aimed at the demonstration of an entirely new model for quantum computing with linear optics, the 'one-way' quantum computer. For this purpose a multi-photon entangled state of four photons has been generated via the process of spontaneous parametric down-conversion and by using an interferometric setup. This entangled state acts as a resource that allowed for novel demonstrations of quantum algorithms and relevant experimental techniques. By exploiting the advances developed in both theory and experiment, in this Thesis we report the implementation of fast, active feed-forward that allowed, for the first time, the realization of deterministic linear optics quantum computing at an unprecedented speed. Further we were able to demonstrate the Deutsch algorithm on our one-way quantum computer, an important quantum algorithm that is capable of distinguishing whether a function is constant or balanced. Classically one needs to query the algorithm at least 2N/2 + 1 times for an N-bit binary input string, however, in the quantum regime, this can be done with one evaluation of the algorithm, independent of the size of the input. In another experiment we succeeded in playing an instance of a quantum game - the so-called Prisoner's dilemma - on our one-way quantum computer. Playing such a game is essentially the execution of a quantum algorithm made up of a distinct set of one- and two-qubit gates. This allows the individual players to increase their
One-Way Quantum Deficit for 2 ⊗ d Systems
Ye, Biao-Liang; Fei, Shao-Ming
2016-08-01
We investigate one-way quantum deficit for 2 ⊗ d systems. Analytical expressions of one-way quantum deficit under both von Neumann measurement and weak measurement are presented. As an illustration, qubit-qutrit systems are studied in detail. It is shown that there exists non-zero one-way quantum deficit even quantum entanglement vanishes. Moreover, one-way quantum deficit via weak measurement turns out to be weaker than that via von Neumann measurement. The dynamics of entanglement and one-way quantum deficit under dephasing channels is also investigated.
Experimental demonstration of deterministic one-way quantum computing on a NMR quantum computer
Ju, Chenyong; Zhu, Jing; Peng, Xinhua; Chong, Bo; Zhou, Xianyi; Du, Jiangfeng
2008-01-01
One-way quantum computing is an important and novel approach to quantum computation. By exploiting the existing particle-particle interactions, we report the first experimental realization of the complete process of deterministic one-way quantum Deutsch-Josza algorithm in NMR, including graph state preparation, single-qubit measurements and feed-forward corrections. The findings in our experiment may shed light on the future scalable one-way quantum computation.
Synthetic Aperture Sonar Imaging via One-Way Wave Equations
Huynh, Quyen
2009-01-01
We develop an efficient algorithm for Synthetic Aperture Sonar imaging based on the one-way wave equations. The algorithm utilizes the operator-splitting method to integrate the one-way wave equations. The well-posedness of the one-way wave equations and the proposed algorithm is shown. A computational result against real field data is reported and the resulting image is enhanced by the BV-like regularization.
One-way analysis of variance with unequal variances.
Rice, W R; Gaines, S. D.
1989-01-01
We have designed a statistical test that eliminates the assumption of equal group variances from one-way analysis of variance. This test is preferable to the standard technique of trial-and-error transformation and can be shown to be an extension of the Behrens-Fisher T test to the case of three or more means. We suggest that this procedure be used in most applications where the one-way analysis of variance has traditionally been applied to biological data.
Urban one-way system road traffic management
Grdadolnik, Matjaž
2006-01-01
In the city of Ljubljana, traffic regime is unsatisfied for longer period of time. On the existent road network, traffic congestions are occuring because of unsuitable or uncomplete road segments (sections). Improvements are also necessary with public transportation traffic services, because a lot of people are still deciding for personal traffic transport instead of rather deciding for public transportation traffic services. One way of handling this situation could be introduction of one-way...
Outcome Independence of Entanglement in One-Way Computation
Sasaki, Toshihiko; Ichikawa, Tsubasa; Tsutsui, Izumi
2010-01-01
We show that the various intermediate states appearing in the process of one-way computation at a given step of measurement are all equivalent modulo local unitary transformations. This implies, in particular, that all those intermediate states share the same entanglement irrespective of the measurement outcomes, indicating that the process of one-way computation is essentially unique with respect to local quantum operations.
Statistical Zero Knowledge and quantum one-way functions
Kashefi, E; Kashefi, Elham; Kerenidis, Iordanis
2005-01-01
One-way functions are a very important notion in the field of classical cryptography. Most examples of such functions, including factoring, discrete log or the RSA function, can be, however, inverted with the help of a quantum computer. In this paper, we study one-way functions that are hard to invert even by a quantum adversary and describe a set of problems which are good such candidates. These problems include Graph Non-Isomorphism, approximate Closest Lattice Vector and Group Non-Membership. More generally, we show that any hard instance of Circuit Quantum Sampling gives rise to a quantum one-way function. By the work of Aharonov and Ta-Shma, this implies that any language in Statistical Zero Knowledge which is hard-on-average for quantum computers, leads to a quantum one-way function. Moreover, extending the result of Impagliazzo and Luby to the quantum setting, we prove that quantum distributionally one-way functions are equivalent to quantum one-way functions. Last, we explore the connections between q...
One-way electromagnetic waveguide using multiferroic Fibonacci superlattices
Tang, Zhenghua; Lei, Dajun; Huang, Jianquan; Jin, Gui; Qiu, Feng; Yan, Wenyan
2015-12-01
The multiferroic Fibonacci superlattices (MFSs) are composed of single-phase multiferroic domains with polarization and magnetization according to the rule of Fibonacci sequence. We propose to construct a one-way electromagnetic waveguide by the MFSs. The forbidden band structures of the MFSs for the forward and backward electromagnetic waves are not completely overlapped, and an obvious translation between them occurs around the fixed point ω bar = 1 with broken time-reversal and space inversion symmetries (TRSIS), which indicates the existence of one-way electromagnetic modes in the MFSs. Transmission spectrum is utilized to present this property and to indicate further one-way electromagnetic modes lying within the polaritonic band gap. The maximum forbidden bandwidth (divided by midgap frequency) of 5.4% for the backward electromagnetic wave (BEW) is found, in which the forward electromagnetic wave (FEW) can pass. The functions of one-way propagation modes and polaritonic band gap integrated into the MFSs can miniaturize the one-way photonic devices. The properties can also be applied to construct compact microwave isolators.
Statistics review 9: One-way analysis of variance
Bewick, Viv; Cheek, Liz; Ball, Jonathan
2004-01-01
This review introduces one-way analysis of variance, which is a method of testing differences between more than two groups or treatments. Multiple comparison procedures and orthogonal contrasts are described as methods for identifying specific differences between pairs of treatments.
Urban One-way Traffic Organization and Its Evaluation
裴玉龙; 伊新苗
2004-01-01
One-way traffic organization is a direct, efficient and economic method to solve traffic congestion and expand traffic capacity. With its evolution, advantages and disadvantages introduced its setting conditions demon strated. The general method and processes are summarized in planning for urban one-way streets project, viz. in vestigation, drawing out and evaluation of project, selecting of project and beneficial analysis. Fuzzy synthetical evaluation other fields is employed to evaluate the project. Its evaluation system and method is introduced and Delphi method is adopted to obtain evaluation index. Finally, taking Harbin city as an example, the application process of above-mentioned method is illuminated. Accordingly, it is proved that the method is exercisable.
One-way Phonon Isolation In Acoustic Waveguides
Zanjani, Mehdi B; Mahmoud, Ahmed M; Engheta, Nader; Lukes, Jennifer R
2013-01-01
We present a method to achieve one-way mode isolation in acoustic waveguides by considering spatio-temporal modulation of material properties. Mode conversion between symmetric and antisymmetric shear horizontal (SH) modes of an unbounded plate acoustic waveguide is demonstrated using this method. Analytical and numerical evidence for the possibility of mode conversion is presented. Possible experimental implementation and applications for on chip signal isolation in MEMS devices are also suggested.
One-Way Quantum Computing in the Optical Frequency Comb
Menicucci, Nicolas C.; Flammia, Steven T.; Pfister, Olivier
2008-01-01
One-way quantum computing allows any quantum algorithm to be implemented easily using just measurements. The difficult part is creating the universal resource, a cluster state, on which the measurements are made. We propose a radically new approach: a scalable method that uses a single, multimode optical parametric oscillator (OPO). The method is very efficient and generates a continuous-variable cluster state, universal for quantum computation, with quantum information encoded in the quadrat...
One-way spatial integration of hyperbolic equations
Towne, Aaron; Colonius, Tim
2015-11-01
In this paper, we develop and demonstrate a method for constructing well-posed one-way approximations of linear hyperbolic systems. We use a semi-discrete approach that allows the method to be applied to a wider class of problems than existing methods based on analytical factorization of idealized dispersion relations. After establishing the existence of an exact one-way equation for systems whose coefficients do not vary along the axis of integration, efficient approximations of the one-way operator are constructed by generalizing techniques previously used to create nonreflecting boundary conditions. When physically justified, the method can be applied to systems with slowly varying coefficients in the direction of integration. To demonstrate the accuracy and computational efficiency of the approach, the method is applied to model problems in acoustics and fluid dynamics via the linearized Euler equations; in particular we consider the scattering of sound waves from a vortex and the evolution of hydrodynamic wavepackets in a spatially evolving jet. The latter problem shows the potential of the method to offer a systematic, convergent alternative to ad hoc regularizations such as the parabolized stability equations.
Constructing a one-way hash function one-way function based on the unified Chaotic system
Long Min; Peng Fei; Chen Guan-Rong
2008-01-01
A new one-way hash function based on the unified chaotic system is constructed.With different values of a key parameter,the unified chaotic system represents different chaotic systems,based on which the one-way hash function algorithm is constructed with three round operations and an initial vector on an input message.In each round operation,the parameters are processed by three different chaotic systems generated from the unified chaotic system.Feed-forwards are used at the end of each round operation and at the end of each element of the message processing.Meanwhile,in each round operation,parameter-exchanging operations are implemented.Then,the hash value of length 160 bits is obtained from the last six parameters.Simulation and analysis both demonstrate that the algorithm has great flexibility,satisfactory hash performance,weak collision property,and high security.
Quantum Digital Signature based on quantum one-way functions
Lü, X; L\\"u, Xin; Feng, Deng-Guo
2004-01-01
A quantum digital signature protocol based on quantum mechanics is proposed in this paper. The security of the protocol relies on the existence of quantum one-way functions by quantum information theorem. This protocol involves a so-called arbitrator who validates and authenticates the signed message. In this protocol, we use privacy key algorithm to ensure the security of quantum information on channel and use quantum public keys to sign message. To guarantee the authenticity of the message, a family of quantum stabilizer codes are employed. Our protocol presents a novel method to construct ultimately secure digital system in future secure communication.
Dynamics of Cold Atoms Crossing a One-Way Barrier
Thorn, Jeremy J.; Schoene, Elizabeth A.; Li, Tao; Steck, Daniel A.
2009-01-01
We implemented an optical one-way potential barrier that allows ultracold $^{87}$Rb atoms to transmit through when incident on one side of the barrier but reflect from the other. This asymmetric barrier is a realization of Maxwell's demon, which can be employed to produce phase-space compression and has implications for cooling atoms and molecules not amenable to standard laser-cooling techniques. The barrier comprises two focused, Gaussian laser beams that intersect the focus of a far-off-re...
One-way ANOVA based on interval information
Hesamian, Gholamreza
2016-08-01
This paper deals with extending the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to the case where the observed data are represented by closed intervals rather than real numbers. In this approach, first a notion of interval random variable is introduced. Especially, a normal distribution with interval parameters is introduced to investigate hypotheses about the equality of interval means or test the homogeneity of interval variances assumption. Moreover, the least significant difference (LSD method) for investigating multiple comparison of interval means is developed when the null hypothesis about the equality of means is rejected. Then, at a given interval significance level, an index is applied to compare the interval test statistic and the related interval critical value as a criterion to accept or reject the null interval hypothesis of interest. Finally, the method of decision-making leads to some degrees to accept or reject the interval hypotheses. An applied example will be used to show the performance of this method.
Epidemic spreading on one-way-coupled networks
Wang, Lingna; Sun, Mengfeng; Chen, Shanshan; Fu, Xinchu
2016-09-01
Numerous real-world networks (e.g., social, communicational, and biological networks) have been observed to depend on each other, and this results in interconnected networks with different topology structures and dynamics functions. In this paper, we focus on the scenario of epidemic spreading on one-way-coupled networks comprised of two subnetworks, which can manifest the transmission of some zoonotic diseases. By proposing a mathematical model through mean-field approximation approach, we prove the global stability of the disease-free and endemic equilibria of this model. Through the theoretical and numerical analysis, we obtain interesting results: the basic reproduction number R0 of the whole network is the maximum of the basic reproduction numbers of the two subnetworks; R0 is independent of the cross-infection rate and cross contact pattern; R0 increases rapidly with the growth of inner infection rate if the inner contact pattern is scale-free; in order to eradicate zoonotic diseases from human beings, we must simultaneously eradicate them from animals; bird-to-bird infection rate has bigger impact on the human's average infected density than bird-to-human infection rate.
Demonstration of active feedforward one-way quantum computing with photon-matter hyperentanglement
Xu, Xiao-Fan; Bao, Xiao-Hui; Pan, Jian-Wei
2012-01-01
We report an optical one-way quantum computing experiment with stationary quantum memory involved. First we create a hybrid four-qubit cluster state with two qubits propagating as photons and the other two stationary and stored in a laser-cooled atomic-ensemble quantum memory, and characterize it with entanglement witness and quantum state tomography. Then, by making use of this cluster state and fast operations of electro-optic modulators, we realize memory-assisted feedforward operations an...
Can the one-way speed of light be used for detection of violations of the relativity principle?
Experimental attempts at measurement of the one-way speed of light are considered within the framework of relativistic theories. We show that if the effect of clock transport is taken into account, the observations from this class of experiment do not actually lead to either measurement of the one-way speed of light or determination of the absolute velocity of the preferred frame (even if, for non-entrained ether theories, such a frame were to exist). -- Highlights: ► We consider preferred frame theories that agree with experiments that support SR. ► Measurements of the one-way speed of light is discussed. ► The effect of clock transport is taken into account. ► These experiments do not lead to measurement of the one-way speed of light. ► The absolute velocity of the preferred frame cannot be detected.
On the experimental determination of the one-way speed of light
In this paper the question of the isotropy of the one-way speed of light is addressed from an experimental perspective. In particular, we analyse two experimental methods commonly used in its determination. The analysis is aimed at clarifying the view that the one-way speed of light cannot be determined by techniques in which physical entities close paths. The procedure employed here will provide epistemological tools so that physicists understand that a direct measurement of the speed not only of light but of any physical entity is by no means trivial. Our results shed light on the physics behind the experiments which may be of interest for both physicists with an elemental knowledge in special relativity and philosophers of science.
On the experimental determination of the one-way speed of light
Pérez, Israel
2011-07-01
In this paper the question of the isotropy of the one-way speed of light is addressed from an experimental perspective. In particular, we analyse two experimental methods commonly used in its determination. The analysis is aimed at clarifying the view that the one-way speed of light cannot be determined by techniques in which physical entities close paths. The procedure employed here will provide epistemological tools so that physicists understand that a direct measurement of the speed not only of light but of any physical entity is by no means trivial. Our results shed light on the physics behind the experiments which may be of interest for both physicists with an elemental knowledge in special relativity and philosophers of science.
On the experimental determination of the one-way speed of light
Perez, Israel, E-mail: cooguion@yahoo.com, E-mail: iperez@cicese.mx [Department of Applied Physics, Optics Division, CICESE, Carretera Ensena da-Tijuana 3918, Zona Playitas, CP 22860, Ensenada, Baja California (Mexico)
2011-07-15
In this paper the question of the isotropy of the one-way speed of light is addressed from an experimental perspective. In particular, we analyse two experimental methods commonly used in its determination. The analysis is aimed at clarifying the view that the one-way speed of light cannot be determined by techniques in which physical entities close paths. The procedure employed here will provide epistemological tools so that physicists understand that a direct measurement of the speed not only of light but of any physical entity is by no means trivial. Our results shed light on the physics behind the experiments which may be of interest for both physicists with an elemental knowledge in special relativity and philosophers of science.
How to Plan and Analyze an Isentropic Compression Experiment (ICE)
Hare, D E
2004-08-06
This report is a how-to manual for planning and analyzing an Isentropic Compression Experiment (ICE). Here the specific task is to find the unreacted Hugoniot of high explosive (HE) using Sandia National Laboratories Z-machine facility. However, many of the principles are broadly applicable to general ICE problems.
Demonstration of active feedforward one-way quantum computing with photon-matter hyperentanglement
Xu, Xiao-Fan; Bao, Xiao-Hui; Pan, Jian-Wei
2012-11-01
We report an optical one-way quantum computing experiment with stationary quantum memory involved. First we create a hybrid four-qubit cluster state with two qubits propagating as photons and the other two stationary and stored in a laser-cooled atomic-ensemble quantum memory, and characterize it with entanglement witnesses and quantum state tomography. Then, by making use of this cluster state and fast operations of electro-optic modulators, we realize memory-assisted feedforward operations and demonstrate deterministic single-qubit rotation as an example.
One-way Quantum Deficit and Decoherence for Two-qubit X States
Ye, Biao-Liang; Wang, Yao-Kun; Fei, Shao-Ming
2016-04-01
We study one-way quantum deficit of two-qubit X states systematically from analytical derivations. An effective approach to compute one-way quantum deficit of two-qubit X states has been provided. Analytical results are presented as for detailed examples. Moreover, we demonstrate the decoherence of one-way quantum deficit under phase damping channel.
Klauber, Robert D
2010-01-01
The convention dependence of one-way light speed is explained in a manner accessible to those unaccustomed to the concept. That logic is used to challenge the claim by Greaves et al that their experiment detected one-way light speed. The reason for the result obtained is then presented and followed by an explanation of why the Romer experiment did not measure a convention independent one-way light speed.
Radioactive beam experiments using the Fragment Mass Analyzer
Davids, C.N.
1994-04-01
The Fragment Mass Analyzer (FMA) is a recoil mass spectrometer that has many potential applications in experiments with radioactive beams. The FMA can be used for spectroscopic studies of nuclei produced in reactions with radioactive beams. The FMA is also an ideal tool for studying radiative capture reactions of astrophysical interest, using inverse kinematics. The FMA has both mass and energy dispersion, which can be used to efficiently separate the reaction recoils from the primary beam. When used with radioactive beams, the FMA allows the recoils from radiative capture reactions to be detected in a low-background environment.
邵旭东; 詹豪; 雷薇; 张哲
2013-01-01
A novel super-long-span continuous box-girder bridge made from ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) was proposed.By combining UHPC,thin-walled box girder with dense diaphragm plates and partial external prestressing into the novel box-girder system,a traditional three-dimensional prestressed structure is transformed into a longitudinal one-way prestressed one.Hence,not only can the main span length of girder bridges be improved,but also the ever existing problems in long-span PC bridges,such as the cracking in concrete girders and the excessive deflection at midspan,may be eliminated.A trial-design for a continuous box-girder bridge built from UHPC with main span length of 400m is presented,and the results show that the thicknesses of its components can be decreased greatly,the transverse stress decreased effectively by using the dense diaphragms,and the self-weight of superstructure may be reduced about 50％ so that a good economy may be achieved and the one-way prestressed structure is completely feasible.The model tests were carried out to evaluate the creep deformation and shear capability of UHPC beam,and the results show that the creep deformation of UHPC beam is only 20％ of that of ordinary concrete beam,and the shear capability of web can be further enhanced by employing dense diaphragms.The novel super-long-span continuous box-girder bridge is a competitive candidate in the aspects of safety,economy and durability,implying that it is applicable to the continuous girder bridge with main span length of 400m.%提出一种超大跨径超高性能混凝土(UHPC)连续箱梁桥新体系.新体系梁桥将超高性能混凝土(UHPC)、密集横隔板薄壁箱梁和部分体外预应力有机结合,变传统三向预应力为纵向单向预应力结构,不仅提升了梁桥跨径,而且可消除传统大跨径PC梁桥的主梁过度下挠和梁体开裂两类病害,通过对跨径400m的UHPC连续箱梁桥试设计,结果表明,新体系箱梁桥各种板件
On small set of one-way LOCC indistinguishability of maximally entangled states
Wang, Yan-Ling; Li, Mao-Sheng; Zheng, Zhu-Jun; Fei, Shao-Ming
2016-04-01
In this paper, we study the one-way local operations and classical communication (LOCC) problem. In {C}^d⊗ {C}^d with d≥ 4, we construct a set of 3lceil √{d}rceil -1 one-way LOCC indistinguishable maximally entangled states which are generalized Bell states. Moreover, we show that there are four maximally entangled states which cannot be perfectly distinguished by one-way LOCC measurements for any dimension d≥ 4.
Optical diode based on the one-way light-speed anisotropy
Exirifard, Qasem
2011-01-01
We report that a triangular Fabry-Perot resonator filled with a parity-odd linear anisotropic medium exhibiting the one-way light speed anisotropy acts as a perfect diode. A Linear crystal such as the nematic liquid crystals whose molecular structures break parity can exhibit the one-way light speed anisotropy. The one-way light speed anisotropy also can be induced in a non-linear medium in the presence of constant electric and magnetic field strengths.
Bauer, S.; Hussmann, H.; Oberst, J.; Dirkx, D.; Mao, D.; Neumann, G. A.; Mazarico, E.; Torrence, M. H.; McGarry, J. F.; Smith, D. E.; Zuber, M. T.
2016-09-01
We used one-way laser ranging data from International Laser Ranging Service (ILRS) ground stations to NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) for a demonstration of orbit determination. In the one-way setup, the state of LRO and the parameters of the spacecraft and all involved ground station clocks must be estimated simultaneously. This setup introduces many correlated parameters that are resolved by using a priori constraints. Moreover the observation data coverage and errors accumulating from the dynamical and the clock modeling limit the maximum arc length. The objective of this paper is to investigate the effect of the arc length, the dynamical and modeling accuracy and the observation data coverage on the accuracy of the results. We analyzed multiple arcs using lengths of 2 and 7 days during a one-week period in Science Mission phase 02 (SM02, November 2010) and compared the trajectories, the post-fit measurement residuals and the estimated clock parameters. We further incorporated simultaneous passes from multiple stations within the observation data to investigate the expected improvement in positioning. The estimated trajectories were compared to the nominal LRO trajectory and the clock parameters (offset, rate and aging) to the results found in the literature. Arcs estimated with one-way ranging data had differences of 5-30 m compared to the nominal LRO trajectory. While the estimated LRO clock rates agreed closely with the a priori constraints, the aging parameters absorbed clock modeling errors with increasing clock arc length. Because of high correlations between the different ground station clocks and due to limited clock modeling accuracy, their differences only agreed at the order of magnitude with the literature. We found that the incorporation of simultaneous passes requires improved modeling in particular to enable the expected improvement in positioning. We found that gaps in the observation data coverage over 12 h (≈6 successive LRO orbits
Comment on "One-way deficit of two qubit X states"
Jing, Naihuan; Zhang, Xia; Wang, Yao-Kun
2015-12-01
We improve the recent method of Wang et. al to calculate exactly the one-way information deficit of any X-state. Analytical formulas of the one-way information deficit are given for several nontrivial regions of the parameters.
On the Experimental Determination of the One-Way Speed of Light
Perez, Israel
2011-01-01
In this paper the question of the isotropy of the one-way speed of light is addressed from an experimental perspective. In particular, we analyse two experimental methods commonly used in its determination. The analysis is aimed at clarifying the view that the one-way speed of light cannot be determined by techniques in which physical entities…
A note on one-way quantum deficit and quantum discord
Ye, Biao-Liang; Fei, Shao-Ming
2016-01-01
One-way quantum deficit and quantum discord are two important measures of quantum correlations. We revisit the relationship between them in two-qubit systems. We investigate the conditions that both one-way quantum deficit and quantum discord have the same optimal measurement ensembles, and demonstrate that one-way quantum deficit can be derived from the quantum discord for a class of X states. Moreover, we give an explicit relation between one-way quantum deficit and entanglement of formation. We show that under phase damping channel both one-way quantum deficit and quantum discord evolve exactly in the same way for four parameter X states. Some examples are presented in details.
Numerical Analysis of Stress on Pump Blade by One-Way Coupled Fluid-Structure Simulation
Kobayashi, Katsutoshi; Ono, Shigeyoshi; Harada, Ichiro; Chiba, Yoshimasa
A mixed-flow pump with an unshrouded impeller was computed by a one-way coupled fluid-structure simulation to evaluate a prediction accuracy of stress and analyze a flow pattern which caused the largest stress. The stress occurring around a blade root was predicted by a numerical simulation and compared with an experimental one. Five flow rates, Q/Qbep=0,40,70,100 and 120% were simulated and the predicted stresses at all flow rates agreed with the experimental ones within -11˜+6% accuracy. The largest stress occurred around a blade root on a pressure side of blade surface at all flow rates. The stress became largest at 70% flow rate. A flow pattern around the blade was analyzed to investigate how the largest stress occurred at 70% flow rate. It was found in this study that a flow separation occurred around a leading edge on a suction side of blade surface at 70% flow rate and the largest load was acting on an outside region of blade.
Moments Based Framework for Performance Analysis of One-Way/Two-Way CSI-Assisted AF Relaying
Xia, Minghua
2012-09-01
When analyzing system performance of conventional one-way relaying or advanced two-way relaying, these two techniques are always dealt with separately and, thus, their performance cannot be compared efficiently. Moreover, for ease of mathematical tractability, channels considered in such studies are generally assumed to be subject to Rayleigh fading or to be Nakagami-$m$ channels with integer fading parameters, which is impractical in typical urban environments. In this paper, we propose a unified moments-based framework for general performance analysis of channel-state-information (CSI) assisted amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying systems. The framework is applicable to both one-way and two-way relaying over arbitrary Nakagami-$m$ fading channels, and it includes previously reported results as special cases. Specifically, the mathematical framework is firstly developed under the umbrella of the weighted harmonic mean of two Gamma-distributed variables in conjunction with the theory of Pad\\\\\\'e approximants. Then, general expressions for the received signal-to-noise ratios of the users in one-way/two-way relaying systems and the corresponding moments, moment generation function, and cumulative density function are established. Subsequently, the mathematical framework is applied to analyze, compare, and gain insights into system performance of one-way and two-way relaying techniques, in terms of outage probability, average symbol error probability, and achievable data rate. All analytical results are corroborated by simulation results as well as previously reported results whenever available, and they are shown to be efficient tools to evaluate and compare system performance of one-way and two-way relaying.
The one-way communication complexity of the Boolean Hidden Matching Problem
Kerenidis, I; Kerenidis, Iordanis; Raz, Ran
2006-01-01
We give a tight lower bound of Omega(\\sqrt{n}) for the randomized one-way communication complexity of the Boolean Hidden Matching Problem [BJK04]. Since there is a quantum one-way communication complexity protocol of O(\\log n) qubits for this problem, we obtain an exponential separation of quantum and classical one-way communication complexity for partial functions. A similar result was independently obtained by Gavinsky, Kempe, de Wolf [GKdW06]. Our lower bound is obtained by Fourier analysis, using the Fourier coefficients inequality of Kahn Kalai and Linial [KKL88].
'Imprisoned' in pain: analyzing personal experiences of phantom pain
Nortvedt, Finn; Engelsrud, Gunn
2015-01-01
This article explores the phenomenon of “phantom pain.” The analysis is based on personal experiences elicited from individuals who have lost a limb or live with a paralyzed body part. Our study reveals that the ways in which these individuals express their pain experience is an integral aspect of that experience. The material consists of interviews undertaken with men who are living with phantom pain resulting from a traumatic injury. The phenomenological analysis is inspired by Zahavi (J Co...
Entrepreneurial experiments in science policy: Analyzing the Human Genome Project
Kenneth G. Huang; Fiona E. Murray
2009-01-01
We re-conceptualize the role of science policy makers, envisioning and illustrating their move from being simple investors in scientific projects to entrepreneurs who create the conditions for entrepreneurial experiments and initiate them. We argue that reframing science policy around the notion of conducting entrepreneurial experiments – experiments that increase the diversity of technical, organizational and institutional arrangements in which scientific research is conducted – can provide ...
Measuring the user experience collecting, analyzing, and presenting usability metrics
Tullis, Thomas
2013-01-01
Measuring the User Experience was the first book that focused on how to quantify the user experience. Now in the second edition, the authors include new material on how recent technologies have made it easier and more effective to collect a broader range of data about the user experience. As more UX and web professionals need to justify their design decisions with solid, reliable data, Measuring the User Experience provides the quantitative analysis training that these professionals need. The second edition presents new metrics such as emotional engagement, personas, k
Momentum analyzers DCBA for neutrinoless double beta decay experiments
Momentum analyzers called Drift Chamber Beta-ray Analyzer (DCBA) are being developed at KEK in order to search for neutrinoless double beta decays of nuclei. A test prototype, DCBA-T2, has been constructed to confirm the principle detecting electron tracks in a uniform magnetic field. Another prototype, DCBA-T3, is now under construction to improve the energy resolution. The test results and the present statuses of these prototypes are presented.
Momentum analyzers DCBA for neutrinoless double beta decay experiments
Ishihara, Nobuhiro, E-mail: nobuhiro.ishihara@kek.j [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), 1-1 Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)
2010-11-01
Momentum analyzers called Drift Chamber Beta-ray Analyzer (DCBA) are being developed at KEK in order to search for neutrinoless double beta decays of nuclei. A test prototype, DCBA-T2, has been constructed to confirm the principle detecting electron tracks in a uniform magnetic field. Another prototype, DCBA-T3, is now under construction to improve the energy resolution. The test results and the present statuses of these prototypes are presented.
To Re-Consider the One-Way Speed of Light Using Fizeau-Type-Coupled-Slotted-Disks
Ahmed, Md Farid; Sargoytchev, Stoyan; Stauffer, A D
2011-01-01
The isotropy of the speed of light - the fundamental postulate of Special Relativity (SR) constrains conceptions of time, space and the existence of a preferred cosmological reference frame. Consequently, this phenomenon has been subject to considerable experimental scrutiny. Most isotropy tests are two-way Michelson-Morley type tests which established the isotropy of the two-way speed in 1881. These approaches provide no experimental limit for the one-way (single-trip) isotropy of the speed of light which is still unresolved. Here we consider Fizeau-type experiments to test the isotropy of the one-way speed of light. Our theoretical and experimental design suggests that our approach is 10000 times more sensitive than that of previous Fizeau-type experiments and 2000 times more sensitive than Michelson-Morley type two-way tests.
Mesoscopic one-way channels for quantum state transfer via the Quantum Hall Effect
Stace, T. M.; Barnes, C. H. W.; Milburn, G. J.
2004-01-01
We show that the one-way channel formalism of quantum optics has a physical realisation in electronic systems. In particular, we show that magnetic edge states form unidirectional quantum channels capable of coherently transporting electronic quantum information. Using the equivalence between one-way photonic channels and magnetic edge states, we adapt a proposal for quantum state transfer to mesoscopic systems using edge states as a quantum channel, and show that it is feasible with reasonab...
One-way membrane trafficking of SOS in receptor-triggered Ras activation.
Christensen, Sune M; Tu, Hsiung-Lin; Jun, Jesse E; Alvarez, Steven; Triplet, Meredith G; Iwig, Jeffrey S; Yadav, Kamlesh K; Bar-Sagi, Dafna; Roose, Jeroen P; Groves, Jay T
2016-09-01
SOS is a key activator of the small GTPase Ras. In cells, SOS-Ras signaling is thought to be initiated predominantly by membrane recruitment of SOS via the adaptor Grb2 and balanced by rapidly reversible Grb2-SOS binding kinetics. However, SOS has multiple protein and lipid interactions that provide linkage to the membrane. In reconstituted-membrane experiments, these Grb2-independent interactions were sufficient to retain human SOS on the membrane for many minutes, during which a single SOS molecule could processively activate thousands of Ras molecules. These observations raised questions concerning how receptors maintain control of SOS in cells and how membrane-recruited SOS is ultimately released. We addressed these questions in quantitative assays of reconstituted SOS-deficient chicken B-cell signaling systems combined with single-molecule measurements in supported membranes. These studies revealed an essentially one-way trafficking process in which membrane-recruited SOS remains trapped on the membrane and continuously activates Ras until being actively removed via endocytosis. PMID:27501536
Experimental realization of one-way quantum computing with two-photon four-qubit cluster states
Chen, Kai; Li, Che-Ming; Zhang, Qiang; Chen, Yu-Ao; Goebel, Alexander; Chen, Shuai; Mair, Alois; Pan, Jian-Wei
2007-01-01
We report an experimental realization of one-way quantum computing on a two-photon four-qubit cluster state. This is accomplished by developing a two-photon cluster state source entangled both in polarization and spatial modes. With this special source, we implemented a highly efficient Grover's search algorithm and high-fidelity two qubits quantum gates. Our experiment demonstrates that such cluster states could serve as an ideal source and a building block for rapid and precise optical quan...
Designing experiments and analyzing data a model comparison perspective
Maxwell, Scott E
2013-01-01
Through this book's unique model comparison approach, students and researchers are introduced to a set of fundamental principles for analyzing data. After seeing how these principles can be applied in simple designs, students are shown how these same principles also apply in more complicated designs. Drs. Maxwell and Delaney believe that the model comparison approach better prepares students to understand the logic behind a general strategy of data analysis appropriate for various designs; and builds a stronger foundation, which allows for the introduction of more complex topics omitt
Attitudes and experiences of psychoanalysts in analyzing homosexual patients.
MacIntosh, H
1994-01-01
In response to a survey, 285 psychoanalysts reported having analyzed 1215 homosexual patients, resulting in 23 percent changing to heterosexuality and 84 percent receiving significant therapeutic benefit. Various statistics and individual comments are reported. Virtually all of the respondents rejected the idea that a homosexual patient in analysis "can and should" change to heterosexuality, although 17 percent had changed their opinion during the last 10 years. Over a third believed that most other psychoanalysts hold this opinion even though they themselves do not. The contention of some gay activists that "traditionally trained" psychoanalysts harm and "abuse" their patients is examined and rejected. PMID:7868786
Application of simple array method in one-way traffic synthetic asessment
PEI Yu-long; LIU Guang-ping
2005-01-01
One-Way Traffic synthetic assessing can not only determine the assessment method, but can also provide an opportunity for further study of road systems. Comparing three Road Traffic Planning methods, which are Value Analysis method, Simple Array method and Step Analysis method, this paper concludes that Simple Array method has one prominent merit, avoiding the complicated relationship of various factors and simplifying the complex problem. Therefore Simple Array method is firstly presented in this paper to be the assessing measure to assess the One-Way Traffic Planning project. Although this assessing method cannot wholly give way to man's will, through consistently testing on qualitative factors and with the decision-making results of a multiprogram, this method is still an effective method. Using an example of Harbin One-Way Traffic planning, with seven assessing indexes including economic benefit index, Simple Array method is applied to synthetically assessing the program. This fully reflects the general function of One-Way Traffic planning program and objectively evaluates the program. It also proves that, as the method of One-Way Traffic synthetic assessing, Simple Array method is rational and practical.
Historiography taking issue: analyzing an experiment with heroin abusers.
Dehue, Trudy
2004-01-01
This article discusses the predicament of historians becoming part of the history they are investigating and illustrates the issue in a particular case. The case is that of the randomized controlled trial (RCT)-more specifically, its use for testing the effects of providing heroin to severe heroin abusers. I counter the established view of the RCT as a matter of timeless logic and argue that this research design was developed in the context of administrative knowledge making under twentieth-century economic liberalism of which it epitomizes some central values. I also argue that the applicability of the RCT depends on the degree to which its advocates can define the issue to be studied according to its inherent values. Next, I demonstrate how advocates of an RCT with heroin provision in the Netherlands steered the political discussion on heroin provision and how the values of economic liberalism also shaped the results of the Dutch maintenance experiment. In addition, I relate how my analysis of this experiment became part of political debates in the Netherlands. Contrary to my intentions, adversaries of heroin maintenance used my critique on the heroin RCT as an argument against heroin maintenance. Such risks are inherent to historiography and sociology of science aiming at practical relevance while challenging treasured scientific beliefs. I conclude that it still seems better to expose arguments on unjustified certainties than to suppress them for strategic reasons. PMID:15237417
One-way helical electromagnetic wave propagation supported by magnetized plasma
Yang, Biao; Gao, Wenlong; Guo, Qinghua; Zhang, Shuang
2014-01-01
In this paper we reveal the presence of photonic one-way helical surface states in a simple natural system - magnetized plasma. The application of an external magnetic field to a bulk plasma body not only breaks time-reversal-symmetry but also leads to separation of Equi-Frequency Contour surfaces (EFCs) to form topologically nontrivial gaps in k space. Interestingly, these EFCs support topologically protected surface states. We numerically investigate an interface between magnetized plasma, using a realistic model for parameter dispersion, and vacuum, to confirm the existence of one-way scatter-immune helical surface states. Unlike previous proposals for achieving photonic one-way propagation, our scheme does not require the use of artificial structures and should therefore be simple to implement experimentally.
Fusing electromagnetic one-way edge states to achieve broadband unidirectional wave transmission
There exist two types of electromagnetic (EM) one-way edge states in magnetic photonic crystal (MPC). One is associated with photonic band gap (PBG) relevant to Bragg scattering, while the other is associated with PBG originating from magnetic surface plasmon resonance. Both support robust unidirectional wave transmission, but each with relatively limited operating bandwidth. By optimizing the lattice spacing and filling ratio of MPC as well as tuning the external static biasing magnetic field, we are able to fuse the two types of EM one-way edge states together and therefore achieve broadband one-way transmission. The operating bandwidth could be about 4 GHz in a microwave regime; this is much larger than that based on either type, providing a way towards the practical applications of unidirectional wave propagation. (paper)
On the relative performance of one-way and two-way grid nesting
Harris, Lucas M.
Most mesoscale models can be run with either one-way ("parasitic") or two-way ("interactive") grid nesting. This paper presents results from a linear 1D shallow-water model and from 3D simulations of a multicell thunderstorm and of trapped lee waves to determine whether the choice of nesting method can have a significant impact on the solution. In the shallow-water model, two-way nesting was found to be generally superior to one-way nesting. The increased reflection for longer-wavelength disturbances in the one-way case is due to a phase difference between the coarse- and nested-grid solutions at the nested-grid boundary that accumulates because of the difference in numerical phase speeds between the grids. Reflections for two-way nesting may be estimated from the difference in numerical group velocities between the coarse and nested grids, which only becomes large for waves that are poorly-resolved on the coarse grid. The only situation in which one-way nesting performs better than two-way is when very poorly-resolved waves strike the nest boundary; in these cases, using a filter on the coarse-grid values within the sponge zone of an otherwise conventional sponge boundary condition can greatly reduce the reflections caused by two-way nesting. The results were more equivocal for the 3D simulations. Two-way nesting clearly produced smaller precipitation errors than did one-way nesting in the multicell simulations, due to the lack of mismatch errors between the coarse- and nested-grid solutions in the two-way simulations. In the trapped lee-wave simulations, two-way nesting produced lower overall errors than did one-way nesting when a simple interpolation BC was used, but larger errors when the sponge BC was used.
Universal one-way light speed from a universal light speed over closed paths
Minguzzi, E.; MacDonald, A
2002-01-01
This paper gives two complete and elementary proofs that if the speed of light over closed paths has a universal value $c$, then it is possible to synchronize clocks in such a way that the one-way speed of light is c. The first proof is an elementary version of a recent proof. The second provides high precision experimental evidence that it is possible to synchronize clocks in such a way that the one-way speed of light has a universal value. We also discuss an old incomplete proof by Weyl whi...
Searching for a highly unlikely frame dependent speed of light using a one-way test
Ahmed, Md. Farid; Quine, Brendan M.; Pagiatakis, Spiros; Stauffer, A D
2013-01-01
At first blush, what appears to be a purely physical question to measure any velocity: how to measure the velocity on a one-way trip? However, due to the debates of the clock-synchronization and the successes of Special Relativity (SR), searching of the possibility of one-way speed of light measurement did not receive wider attention since the declaration of the constancy of the speed of light in vacuum by Maxwell's Electrodynamics in 1864. However, our analysis suggests that the debates of t...
Bending self-collimated one-way light by using gyromagnetic photonic crystals
We theoretically demonstrate that electromagnetic waves can self-collimate and propagate unidirectionally in photonic crystals fabricated using semicylindrical ferrite rods in magnetized states. The parity and time-reversal symmetries of such photonic crystals are broken, resulting in a self-collimated one-way body wave within the photonic crystals. By applying the bias magnetic field in a complex configuration, the self-collimated one-way wave beam can be bent into arbitrary trajectories within the photonic crystal, providing an avenue for controlling wave beams
Bending self-collimated one-way light by using gyromagnetic photonic crystals
Li, Qing-Bo [School of Electronic Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Jiangsu Key Construction Laboratory of Modern Measurement Technology and Intelligent System, Huaiyin Normal University, Huaian 223300 (China); Li, Zhen; Wu, Rui-xin, E-mail: rxwu@nju.edu.cn [School of Electronic Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
2015-12-14
We theoretically demonstrate that electromagnetic waves can self-collimate and propagate unidirectionally in photonic crystals fabricated using semicylindrical ferrite rods in magnetized states. The parity and time-reversal symmetries of such photonic crystals are broken, resulting in a self-collimated one-way body wave within the photonic crystals. By applying the bias magnetic field in a complex configuration, the self-collimated one-way wave beam can be bent into arbitrary trajectories within the photonic crystal, providing an avenue for controlling wave beams.
Xie, Yi; Huang, Yong
2015-10-01
We analyze the post-fit residuals of one-way Doppler tracking data from the Mars Express (MEX) spacecraft to test possible violations of local Lorentz invariance (LLI) and local position invariance (LPI). These one-way Doppler observations were carried out on 2011 August 7 for about 20 minutes at Sheshan Station of Shanghai Astronomical Observatory in China. These downlink signals were sent by MEX for telemetry at X-band. Because we are not able to decode the data in the form of telemetry and separate them from the carrier frequency, this makes the post-fit residuals of the Doppler data degrade to the level of 0.1 m s-1. Even so, the residuals can still impose upper bounds on LLI and LPI at 10-1, which is consistent with the prediction based on our analysis of the detectability. Although the upper bounds given by three-way Doppler tracking of MEX are better than those obtained in the present work, one-way Doppler measurements still provide a unique chance to test possible violations of LLI and LPI far from the ground stations.
Field experience with the mini multi channel analyzer (MMCA)
The Mini MCA (MMCA, model MCA-166) is a unique, small size, portable 4K channel multi channel analyzer, multi scaler and timer/counter. It has a low power microprocessor which controls a sophisticated amplifier and fast ADC with constant dead time of 7 microsec. The internal power supply is suitable for a great variety of radiation detectors including germanium detectors (HPGe). It includes preamplifier power and detector high voltage supply. The MMCA has been developed in the Forschungszentrum Rossendorf under the German Support Programme for the Department of Safeguards of the IAEA and for the EURATOM Inspectorate. It is produced by GBS Elektronik in Rossendorf near Dresden. Since it is fully computer controlled, it forms a small size, light weight and versatile measurement platform. Different radiation detectors can be connected, easily configured and used. Its design reduces the weight of the measurement system by about an order of magnitude compared to similar equipment of the previous generation. Both the IAEA and EURATOM have introduced this device into their safeguards instrumentation inventories. The first field uses of the device have covered so far the following applications: U-235 enrichment measurements with NaI and CdZnTe detectors; U-235 measurements using MGAU and HPGe; U/Pu qualitative attribute tests using NaI and CdZnTe detectors; Spent fuel verification using SFAT (Spent Fuel Attribute Tester); Criticality test using a He-3 counter; Active length measurements using a CdZnTe detector; Spectral gamma survey (Iraq Action Team). In this paper the use of the MMCA in some of the above applications in initial inventory verifications is described. This is an inspection activity which requires the use of portable and versatile inspection equipment to cover a wide range of verification methods. The device so far has been used in more then 20 inspections. Its major advantage appeared to be its small size, long battery lifetime and hardware versatility
Teaching Principles of One-Way Analysis of Variance Using M&M's Candy
Schwartz, Todd A.
2013-01-01
I present an active learning classroom exercise illustrating essential principles of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) methods. The exercise is easily conducted by the instructor and is instructive (as well as enjoyable) for the students. This is conducive for demonstrating many theoretical and practical issues related to ANOVA and lends itself…
One-way Penetration of the Boundary Wave in Anisotropic Structures
A.D. Arkhipov
2012-06-01
Full Text Available One-way penetration of the boundary wave in single-layer and multilayer anisotropic structures is investigated. We show that the conditions for minimal wave reflection from one side and full wave reflection from another side of the structure are possible. No conversation of polarization can be obtained for the considered effect.
A Note on Noncentrality Parameters for Contrast Tests in a One-Way Analysis of Variance
Liu, Xiaofeng Steven
2010-01-01
The noncentrality parameter for a contrast test in a one-way analysis of variance is based on the dot product of 2 vectors whose geometric meaning in a Euclidian space offers mnemonic hints about its constituents. Additionally, the noncentrality parameters for a set of orthogonal contrasts sum up to the noncentrality parameter for the omnibus "F"…
Complex spatiotemporal behavior in a chain of one-way nonlinearly coupled elements
Gaididei, Yuri Borisovich; Berkemer, Rainer; Gorria, C.;
2011-01-01
The dynamics of asymmetrically coupled nonlinear elements is considered. It is shown that there are two distinctive regimes of oscillatory behavior of one-way nonlinearly coupled elements depending on the relaxation time and the strength of the coupling. In the subcritical regime when the...
Influence of the Packet Size on the One-Way Delay in 3G Networks
Arlos, Patrik; Fiedler, Markus
We currently observe a rising interest in mobile broadband, which users expect to perform in a similar way as its fixed counterpart. On the other hand, the capacity allocation process on mobile access links is far less transparent to the user; still, its properties need to be known in order to minimize the impact of the network on application performance. This paper investigates the impact of the packet size on the minimal one-way delay for the uplink in third-generation mobile networks. For interactive and real-time applications such as VoIP, one-way delays are of major importance for user perception; however, they are challenging to measure due to their sensitivity to clock synchronisation. Therefore, the paper applies a robust and innovative method to assure the quality of these measurements. Results from measurements from several Swedish mobile operators show that applications can gain significantly in terms of one-way delay from choosing optimal packet sizes. We show that, in certain cases, an increased packet size can improve the one-way delay performance at best by several hundred milliseconds.
A new non-uniform blast load model for SDOF method of one-way reinforced concrete slab
Wang S.-C.; Lu F; Zhang D; Wang W.; Tang F
2012-01-01
A new effective model for calculation of the equivalent uniform blast load for non-uniform blast load such as close-in explosion of a one-way square and rectangle reinforced concrete slab is proposed in this paper. The model is then validated using single degree of freedom (SDOF) system with the experiments and blast tests for square slabs and rectangle slabs. Test results showed that the model is accurate in predicting the explosive charge weight and stand-off distance to impose a given dama...
One-Way Markov Process Approach to Repeat Times of Large Earthquakes in Faults
Tejedor, Alejandro; Gomez, Javier B.; Pacheco, Amalio F.
2012-11-01
One of the uses of Markov Chains is the simulation of the seismic cycle in a fault, i.e. as a renewal model for the repetition of its characteristic earthquakes. This representation is consistent with Reid's elastic rebound theory. We propose a general one-way Markovian model in which the waiting time distribution, its first moments, coefficient of variation, and functions of error and alarm (related to the predictability of the model) can be obtained analytically. The fact that in any one-way Markov cycle the coefficient of variation of the corresponding distribution of cycle lengths is always lower than one concurs with observations of large earthquakes in seismic faults. The waiting time distribution of one of the limits of this model is the negative binomial distribution; as an application, we use it to fit the Parkfield earthquake series in the San Andreas fault, California.
One-Way Diffusion of Ionic Liquids in a Mixing Process with Water
Oikawa, Noriko; Tahara, Daiki; Kurita, Rei
2016-09-01
In contrast to the usual diffusive mixing process between two miscible liquids, the ionic liquid [Cnmim][PF6] forms a droplet in water while mixing. The droplet retains a sharp interface with surface tension, gradually decreasing in size until completely mixed with water. This peculiar behavior in the mixing process accompanies one-way diffusion, in which ions diffuse in one direction only from the bulk IL droplet into the bulk continuum of water. The activation energy of the one-way diffusion at the [Cnmim][PF6]/water interface increases with increasing length of the hydrophobic alkyl chains attached to the cation molecules of [Cnmim][PF6]. It is considered that the hydrophobic nanoscale structure observed in [C4mim][PF6] plays an important role in the generation of the droplet and the mixing dynamics.
Observation of Genuine One-Way Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Steering
Wollmann, Sabine; Walk, Nathan; Bennet, Adam J.; Wiseman, Howard M.; Pryde, Geoff J.
2016-04-01
Within the hierarchy of inseparable quantum correlations, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering is distinguished from both entanglement and Bell nonlocality by its asymmetry—there exist conditions where the steering phenomenon changes from being observable to not observable, simply by exchanging the role of the two measuring parties. While this one-way steering feature has been previously demonstrated for the restricted class of Gaussian measurements, for the general case of positive-operator-valued measures even its theoretical existence has only recently been settled. Here, we prove, and then experimentally observe, the one-way steerability of an experimentally practical class of entangled states in this general setting. As well as its foundational significance, the demonstration of fundamentally asymmetric nonlocality also has practical implications for the distribution of the trust in quantum communication networks.
Acoustic one-way mode conversion and transmission by sonic crystal waveguides
Ouyang, Shiliang; He, Zhaojian; Deng, Ke; Zhao, Heping
2016-01-01
We proposed a scheme to achieve one-way acoustic propagation and even odd mode switching in two mutually perpendicular sonic crystal waveguides connected by a resonant cavity. The even mode in the entrance waveguide is able to switch to odd mode in the exit waveguide through a symmetry match between the cavity resonant modes and the waveguide modes. Conversely, the odd mode in the exit waveguide is unable to be converted into the even mode in the entrance waveguide as incident waves and eigenmodes are mismatched in their symmetries at the waveguide exit. This one way mechanism can be applied to design an acoustic diode for acoustic integration devices and can be used as a convertor of the acoustic waveguide modes.
Periodic responses of a pulley-belt system with one-way clutch under inertia excitation
Ding, Hu
2015-09-01
The stable steady-state periodic response of a two-pulley belt drive system coupled with an accessory by a one-way clutch is presented. For the first time, the pulley-belt system is studied under double excitations. Specifically, the dual excitations consist of harmonic motion of the driving pulley and inertia excitation. The belt spans are modeled as axially moving viscoelastic beams by considering belt bending stiffness. Therefore, integro-partial-differential equations are derived for governing the transverse vibrations of the belt spans. Moreover, the transverse vibrations of the moving belt are coupled with the rotation vibrations of the pulleys by nonlinear dynamic tension. For describing the unidirectional decoupling function of the one-way device, rotation vibrations of the driven pulley and accessory are modeled as coupled piecewise ordinary differential equations. In order to eliminate the influence of the boundary of the belt spans, the non-trivial equilibriums of the pulley-belt system are numerically determined. Furthermore, A nonlinear piecewise discrete-continuous dynamical system is derived by introducing a coordinate transform. Coupled vibrations of the pulley-belt system are investigated via the Galerkin truncation. The natural frequencies of the coupled vibrations are obtained by using the fast Fourier transform. Moreover, frequency-response curves are abstracted from time histories. Therefore, resonance areas of the belt spans, the driven pulley and the accessory are presented. Furthermore, validity of the Galerkin method is examined by comparing with the differential and integral quadrature methods (DQM & IQM). By comparing the results with and without one-way device, significant damping effect of clutch on the dynamic response is discovered. Furthermore, the effects of the intensity of the driving pulley excitation and the inertia excitation are studied. Moreover, numerical results demonstrate that the two excitations interact on the steady
Controlling flow of light in the one-way em waveguide
Kuzmiak, Vladimír; Eyderman, Sergey
NEW YORK: IEEE, 2012 - (Jaworski, M.; Marciniak, M.) ISBN 978-1-4673-2228-7. ISSN 2161-2056. [14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, ICTON 2012. Coventry (GB), 02.07.2012-05.07.2012] R&D Projects: GA MŠk LH12009 Institutional support: RVO:67985882 Keywords : magneto -optic photonic crystal * one-way EM waveguide * surface plasmon polariton Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Reduction and analysis of one-way laser ranging data from ILRS ground stations to LRO
Bauer, Sven; Oberst, Jürgen; Hussmann, Hauke; Gläser, Philipp; Schreiber, Ulli; Mao, Dandan; Neumann, Gregory; Mazarico, Erwan; Torrence, Mark; McGarry, Jan; Smith, David; Zuber, Maria
2013-01-01
One-way LR (Laser Ranging) is being performed routinely from ILRS (International Laser Ranging Service) ground stations to LOLA (Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter), onboard NASA’s LRO (Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter). From the accurate range measurements, spacecraft orbits and parameters of the lunar gravity field can be modeled. Furthermore, the data can be used for monitoring the long-term behavior of the LRO clock and for precisely referencing the MET (Mission Elapsed Time) to TDB (Bary...
Relay Selection and Resource Allocation in One-Way and Two-Way Cognitive Relay Networks
Alsharoa, Ahmad M.
2013-05-08
In this work, the problem of relay selection and resource power allocation in one- way and two-way cognitive relay networks using half duplex channels with different relaying protocols is investigated. Optimization problems for both single and multiple relay selection that maximize the sum rate of the secondary network without degrading the quality of service of the primary network by respecting a tolerated interference threshold were formulated. Single relay selection and optimal power allocation for two-way relaying cognitive radio networks using decode-and-forward and amplify-and-forward protocols were studied. Dual decomposition and subgradient methods were used to find the optimal power allocation. The transmission process to exchange two different messages between two transceivers for two-way relaying technique takes place in two time slots. In the first slot, the transceivers transmit their signals simultaneously to the relay. Then, during the second slot the relay broadcasts its signal to the terminals. Moreover, improvement of both spectral and energy efficiency can be achieved compared with the one-way relaying technique. As an extension, a multiple relay selection for both one-way and two-way relaying under cognitive radio scenario using amplify-and-forward were discussed. A strong optimization tool based on genetic and iterative algorithms was employed to solve the formulated optimization problems for both single and multiple relay selection, where discrete relay power levels were considered. Simulation results show that the practical and low-complexity heuristic approaches achieve almost the same performance of the optimal relay selection schemes either with discrete or continuous power distributions while providing a considerable saving in terms of computational complexity.
One-way acoustic mirror based on anisotropic zero-index media
Gu, Zhong-ming; Liang, Bin, E-mail: liangbin@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: jccheng@nju.edu.cn; Yang, Jing; Cheng, Jian-chun, E-mail: liangbin@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: jccheng@nju.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, MOE, Institute of Acoustics, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zou, Xin-ye [Key Laboratory of Modern Acoustics, MOE, Institute of Acoustics, Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); State Key Laboratory of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Li, Yong [CNRS, Institut Jean Lamour, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy F-54506, France and Institut Jean Lamour, Université de Lorraine, Boulevard des Aiguillettes, BP: 70239, 54506 Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy (France); Yang, Jun [Key Laboratory of Noise and Vibration Research, Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)
2015-11-23
We have designed a one-way acoustic mirror comprising anisotropic zero-index media. For acoustic beam incident at a particular angle, the designed structure behaves like a high-efficient mirror that redirects almost all the incident energy into another direction predicted by the Snell's law, while becoming virtually transparent to beams propagating reversely along this output path. Furthermore, the mirror can be tailored to work at arbitrary incident angle by simply adjusting its geometry. Our design, with undirectional reflection functionality and flexible working angle, may offer possibilities in space isolations and have deep implication in various scenarios like ultrasound imaging or noise control.
Efficient generation of scalable photon cluster states for one-way quantum computation
Wang, Hefeng; Nori, Franco
2009-01-01
We propose an efficient approach for generating scalable cluster states with photons. Our method operates essentially through unitary transformations performed on atoms coupled to optical cavities. We show that by using this approach, photon cluster states can be generated deterministically. The operation cost scales linearly with the number of qubits in the cluster state. Photon qubits are encoded such that single-qubit operations can be easily implemented by using linear optics. This approach opens a way for performing large-scale optical one-way quantum computation.
Gavinsky, D; Kempe, J; Gavinsky, Dmitry; Kempe, Julia; Wolf, Ronald de
2006-01-01
We give an exponential separation between one-way quantum and classical communication complexity for a Boolean function. Earlier such a separation was known only for a relation. A very similar result was obtained earlier but independently by Kerenidis and Raz [KR06]. Our version of the result gives an example in the bounded storage model of cryptography, where the key is secure if the adversary has a certain amount of classical storage, but is completely insecure if he has a similar amount of quantum storage.
Efficient scheme for one-way quantum computing in thermal cavities
Yang, Wen-Xing; Gong, Zhe-xuan
2007-01-01
We propose a practical scheme for one-way quantum computing based on efficient generation of 2D cluster state in thermal cavities. We achieve a controlled-phase gate that is neither sensitive to cavity decay nor to thermal field by adding a strong classical field to the two-level atoms. We show that a 2D cluster state can be generated directly by making every two atoms collide in an array of cavities, with numerically calculated parameters and appropriate operation sequence that can be easily...
Transport properties of MOPhC/metal one-way waveguide
Kuzmiak, Vladimír; Eyderman, Sergey
Vol. 4. US: AIP, 2011 - (Chirgin, D.), s. 67-69. (AIP Conference Proceedings). ISBN 978-0-7354-0968-2. [4.. International Workshop on the Theoretical and Computational Nanophotoinics. Bad Honef (DE), 26.10.2011-28.10.2011] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/0046; GA MŠk OC09060 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20670512 Keywords : one-way electromegnetic waveguide * magneto -optic photonic crystal * surface plasmon polarirton Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
One-way acoustic mirror based on anisotropic zero-index media
We have designed a one-way acoustic mirror comprising anisotropic zero-index media. For acoustic beam incident at a particular angle, the designed structure behaves like a high-efficient mirror that redirects almost all the incident energy into another direction predicted by the Snell's law, while becoming virtually transparent to beams propagating reversely along this output path. Furthermore, the mirror can be tailored to work at arbitrary incident angle by simply adjusting its geometry. Our design, with undirectional reflection functionality and flexible working angle, may offer possibilities in space isolations and have deep implication in various scenarios like ultrasound imaging or noise control
Li, Zhen; Wu, Rui-xin; Li, Qing-Bo; Lin, Zhi-fang; Poo, Yin; Liu, Rong-Juan; Li, Zhi-Yuan
2015-04-20
We experimentally demonstrate a broadband one-way transmission by merging the operating bands of two types of one-way edge modes that are associated with Bragg scattering and magnetic surface plasmon (MSP) resonance, respectively. By tuning the configuration of gyromagnetic photonic crystals and applied bias magnetic field, the fused bandwidth of unidirectional propagation is up to 2 GHz in microwave frequency range, much larger than either of the individual one-way bandwidth associated with Bragg scattering or MSP resonance. Our scheme for broadband one-way transmission paves the way for the practical applications of one-way transmission. PMID:25969002
Multifunctional magneto-metasurface for terahertz one-way transmission and magnetic field sensing.
Chen, Sai; Fan, Fei; He, Xiaotong; Chen, Meng; Chang, Shengjiang
2015-11-01
A magneto-metasurface is demonstrated for one-way transmission of terahertz (THz) waves and magnetic field sensing. Due to the magneto-optical effect and the asymmetric structure of the transmission system, magnetoplasmon mode splitting for forward and backward THz waves and one-way transmission has been observed in this magneto-metasurface. Significantly, the resonance of the magneto-metasurface has been found that can remain at 0.750 THz at a temperature of 218 K, performing as a stable isolator with an isolation of larger than 30 dB within a magnetic field disturbance from 0.23 to 0.35 T. Also, since the resonance of the magneto-metasurface can be tuned by the different external magnetic fields at a temperature that is higher or lower than 218 K, the magneto-metasurface can work as a highly sensitive magnetic field sensor. The sensitivity of this device reaches S=513.05 GHz·T(-1) when T=230 K. This multifunctional magneto-metasurface has broad potential in THz application systems. PMID:26560571
One Way Forward to Beat the Newtonian Habit with a Complexity Perspective on Organisational Change
Josie McLean
2013-10-01
Full Text Available We face a global crisis of un-sustainability—we need to change trajectory, but have so far displayed a collective inability to do so. This article suggests that one reason for this is our entrenched approach to change, which has inappropriately applied mechanistic Newtonian assumptions to “living” systems. Applying what has been learned about the behaviour of complex adaptive systems, we develop a pragmatic model for students of sustainability, who want to facilitate profound organizational and community change towards sustainability on the ground. Our model, “one way forward”, does not purport to be the only way but one possibility, grounded in a different understanding of the nature and dynamic of change as seen through the lens of complexity. In this way, it challenges more conventional change management practices. One way forward is a model facilitating evolutionary change in a social ecology—one possible expression of a “culture of community self-design” as expressed by Banathy. Its theoretical foundations and its practical application (it is designed for practice both have their source in a systemic view and in the principles that reflect the paradigm of complexity. Four central components of this new model—envisioning, core messages (values, indicators of progress, and experimentation—are explored in more detail.
Quantification of Information in a One-Way Plant-to-Animal Communication System
Laurance R. Doyle
2009-08-01
Full Text Available In order to demonstrate possible broader applications of information theory to the quantification of non-human communication systems, we apply calculations of information entropy to a simple chemical communication from the cotton plant (Gossypium hirsutum to the wasp (Cardiochiles nigriceps studied by DeMoraes et al. The purpose of this chemical communication from cotton plants to wasps is presumed to be to allow the predatory wasp to more easily obtain the location of its preferred prey—one of two types of parasitic herbivores feeding on the cotton plants. Specification of the plant-eating herbivore feeding on it by the cotton plants allows preferential attraction of the wasps to those individual plants. We interpret the emission of nine chemicals by the plants as individual signal differences, (depending on the herbivore type, to be detected by the wasps as constituting a nine-signal one-way communication system across kingdoms (from the kingdom Plantae to the kingdom Animalia. We use fractional differences in the chemical abundances, (emitted as a result of the two herbivore types, to calculate the Shannon information entropic measures (marginal, joint, and mutual entropies, as well as the ambiguity, etc. of the transmitted message. We then compare these results with the subsequent behavior of the wasps, (calculating the equivocation in the message reception, for possible insights into the history and actual working of this one-way communication system.
A Novel Feature Selection Based on One-Way ANOVA F-Test for E-Mail Spam Classification
Nadir Omer Fadl Elssied
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Spam is commonly defined as unwanted e-mails and it became a global threat against e-mail users. Although, Support Vector Machine (SVM has been commonly used in e-mail spam classification, yet the problem of high data dimensionality of the feature space due to the massive number of e-mail dataset and features still exist. To improve the limitation of SVM, reduce the computational complexity (efficiency and enhancing the classification accuracy (effectiveness. In this study, feature selection based on one-way ANOVA F-test statistics scheme was applied to determine the most important features contributing to e-mail spam classification. This feature selection based on one-way ANOVA F-test is used to reduce the high data dimensionality of the feature space before the classification process. The experiment of the proposed scheme was carried out using spam base well-known benchmarking dataset to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed method. The comparison is achieved for different datasets, categorization algorithm and success measures. In addition, experimental results on spam base English datasets showed that the enhanced SVM (FSSVM significantly outperforms SVM and many other recent spam classification methods for English dataset in terms of computational complexity and dimension reduction.
Demonstration of a controlled-phase gate for continuous-variable one-way quantum computation.
Ukai, Ryuji; Yokoyama, Shota; Yoshikawa, Jun-ichi; van Loock, Peter; Furusawa, Akira
2011-12-16
We experimentally demonstrate a controlled-phase gate for continuous variables using a cluster-state resource of four optical modes. The two independent input states of the gate are coupled with the cluster in a teleportation-based fashion. As a result, one of the entanglement links present in the initial cluster state appears in the two unmeasured output modes as the corresponding entangling gate acting on the input states. The genuine quantum character of this gate becomes manifest and is verified through the presence of entanglement at the output for a product two-mode coherent input state. By combining our gate with the recently reported module for single-mode Gaussian operations [R. Ukai et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 240504 (2011)], it is possible to implement any multimode Gaussian operation as a fully measurement-based one-way quantum computation. PMID:22243056
One-way Hash function construction based on the chaotic map with changeable-parameter
An algorithm for one-way Hash function construction based on the chaotic map with changeable-parameter is proposed in this paper. A piecewise linear chaotic map with changeable-parameter P is chosen, and cipher block chaining mode (CBC) is introduced to ensure that the parameter P in each iteration is dynamically decided by the last-time iteration value and the corresponding message bit in different positions. The final Hash value is obtained by means of the linear transform on the iteration sequence. Theoretical analysis and computer simulation indicate that our algorithm can satisfy all the performance requirements of Hash function in an efficient and flexible manner. It is practicable and reliable, with high potential to be adopted for E-commerce
Gavinsky, D; Kempe, J; Kerenidis, I; Raz, R; Gavinsky, Dmitry; Kempe, Julia; Kerenidis, Iordanis; Raz, Ran; Wolf, Ronald de
2006-01-01
We give an exponential separation between one-way quantum and classical communication protocols for two partial Boolean functions, both of which are variants of the Boolean Hidden Matching Problem of Bar-Yossef et al. Earlier such an exponential separation was known only for a relational version of the Hidden Matching Problem. Our proofs use the Fourier coefficients inequality of Kahn, Kalai, and Linial. We also give a number of applications of this separation. In particular, we provide the first example in the bounded storage model of cryptography where the key is secure if the adversary has a certain amount of classical storage, but is completely insecure if he has a similar (or even much smaller) amount of \\emph{quantum} storage. Moreover, in the setting of privacy amplification, we show that there exist extractors which yield a classically secure key, but are insecure against a quantum adversary.
One-way hash function construction based on the spatiotemporal chaotic system
Based on the spatiotemporal chaotic system, a novel algorithm for constructing a one-way hash function is proposed and analysed. The message is divided into fixed length blocks. Each message block is processed by the hash compression function in parallel. The hash compression is constructed based on the spatiotemporal chaos. In each message block, the ASCII code and its position in the whole message block chain constitute the initial conditions and the key of the hash compression function. The final hash value is generated by further compressing the mixed result of all the hash compression values. Theoretic analyses and numerical simulations show that the proposed algorithm presents high sensitivity to the message and key, good statistical properties, and strong collision resistance. (general)
Quantum public-key cryptosystems based on induced trapdoor one-way transformations
Yang, Li; Li, Bao; Hu, Lei; Feng, Deng-Guo
2010-01-01
A concept named induced trapdoor one-way quantum transformation (OWQT) has been introduced, and a theoretical framework of public-key encryption (PKE) of quantum message is presented based on it. Then several kinds of quantum public-key encryption (QPKE) protocols, such as quantum version PKE of RSA, ElGamal, Goldwasser-Micali, elliptic curve, McEliece, Niederreiter and Okamoto-Tanaka-Uchiyama, are given within this framework. Though all of these protocols are only computationally secure, the last three are probably secure in post-quantum era. Besides, theoretical frameworks for public-key authentication and signature of quantum message are also given based on the induced trapdoor OWQT. As examples, a public-key authentication protocol of quantum message based on SN-S authentication scheme and two quantum digital signature protocols based on RSA and McEliece algorithms respectively are presented.
Acoustic one-way metasurfaces: Asymmetric Phase Modulation of Sound by Subwavelength Layer
Jiang, Xue; Liang, Bin; Zou, Xin-Ye; Yang, Jing; Yin, Lei-Lei; Yang, Jun; Cheng, Jian-Chun
2016-06-01
We theoretically design and numerically demonstrate an acoustic one-way metasurface, which is a planar and acoustically subwavelength layer behaving like a nearly-reflectionless surface with arbitrary wave-steering capability for incident wave impinging on one side, while virtually blocking the reversed wave. The underlying mechanism is based on an asymmetric phase modulation by coupling a phase array and a near-zero-index medium. We exemplify a metastructure-based implementation by combining the hybrid metastuctures and labyrinthine structures. Moreover, the performance of the proposed implementation is demonstrated via three distinct phenomena of anomalous refraction, wave splitting and conversion of propagation wave to surface wave. Our findings may offer more possibilities for sound manipulation and improve the application potential of acoustic artificial devices in situations such as ultrasonic imaging and therapy.
One-way Hash function construction based on the chaotic map with changeable-parameter
Xiao Di [College of Computer Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China) and College of Mechanical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)]. E-mail: xiaodi_cqu@hotmail.com; Liao Xiaofeng [College of Computer Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)]. E-mail: xfliao@cqu.edu.cn; Deng Shaojiang [College of Computer Science and Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044 (China)
2005-04-01
An algorithm for one-way Hash function construction based on the chaotic map with changeable-parameter is proposed in this paper. A piecewise linear chaotic map with changeable-parameter P is chosen, and cipher block chaining mode (CBC) is introduced to ensure that the parameter P in each iteration is dynamically decided by the last-time iteration value and the corresponding message bit in different positions. The final Hash value is obtained by means of the linear transform on the iteration sequence. Theoretical analysis and computer simulation indicate that our algorithm can satisfy all the performance requirements of Hash function in an efficient and flexible manner. It is practicable and reliable, with high potential to be adopted for E-commerce.
„One-way ticket” Romanian Migration at the beginning of the 20th century
Silvia Bocancea
2011-12-01
Full Text Available Unlike the new age of migration that we are experiencing now, the social mobility specific to the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century may be defined by the expression “one way ticket”; the immigrant, usually a man, used to leave his country of origin and settle for good in his host-country (he did not look for his happiness from state to state, as it happens now. The Romanian migration of that time was directed mainly towards the New World (particularly to the USA, and less to Canada. This paper is an attempt to sketch the image of Romanian emigration by taking into account the peculiarities determined by: emigration causes, geographical predominance, social composition, occupational options in the host-country, and the structure of Romanian immigrant communities.
A Novel Approach for Verifiable Secret Sharing by using a One Way Hash Function
Parmar, Keyur
2012-01-01
Threshold secret sharing schemes do not prevent any malicious behavior of the dealer or shareholders and so we need verifiable secret sharing, to detect and identify the cheaters, to achieve fair reconstruction of a secret. The problem of verifiable secret sharing is to verify the shares distributed by the dealer. A novel approach for verifiable secret sharing is presented in this paper where both the dealer and shareholders are not assumed to be honest. In this paper, we extend the term verifiable secret sharing to verify the shares, distributed by a dealer as well as shares submitted by shareholders for secret reconstruction, and to verify the reconstructed secret. Our proposed scheme uses a one way hash function and probabilistic homomorphic encryption function to provide verifiability and fair reconstruction of a secret.
Surface plasmon polaritons one-way mode converter based on parity-time symmetry broken system
Yan, Xiang-An; Liu, Hanchen; Zhu, Changjun
2016-03-01
In this paper, we have proposed a novel periodic surface plasmon polariton (SPP) waveguide to realize a one-way mode converter which is based on a parity-time (PT) symmetry broken system, and it converts the fundamental TM mode to the first-order TM mode in only forward direction. Periodic gain potentials are put in place to construct the system mentioned in periodic SPP waveguide. Further, as the mode converter contains gain and loss material, light signals will be amplified when it propagates forward, and they will be attenuated toward when they propagate backward. The unidirectional mode converter has wide applications in nonlinearity induced isolation, mode insensitive element and on-chip mode locked laser.
An efficient authentication scheme based on one-way key chain for sensor network
无
2007-01-01
To strike a tradeoff between the security and the consumption of energy, computing and communication resources in the nodes, this paper presents an efficient authentication scheme based on one-way key chain for sensor network. The scheme can provide immediate authentication to fulfill the latency and the storage requirements and defends against various attacks such as replay, impersonation and denial of service. Meanwhile,our scheme possesses low overhead and scalability to large networks. Furthermore, the simple related protocols or algorithms in the scheme and inexpensive public-key operation required in view of resource-starved sensor nodes minimize the storage, computation and communication overhead, and improve the efficiency of our scheme. In addition, the proposed scheme also supports source authentication without precluding in-network processing and passive participation.
A new non-uniform blast load model for SDOF method of one-way reinforced concrete slab
Wang S.-C.
2012-08-01
Full Text Available A new effective model for calculation of the equivalent uniform blast load for non-uniform blast load such as close-in explosion of a one-way square and rectangle reinforced concrete slab is proposed in this paper. The model is then validated using single degree of freedom (SDOF system with the experiments and blast tests for square slabs and rectangle slabs. Test results showed that the model is accurate in predicting the explosive charge weight and stand-off distance to impose a given damage level on the tested RC slabs especially for close-in blast load. It is shown that the new model is more accurate than the conventional SDOF analysis and is running faster than the FE analysis.
Amir Givati
2016-05-01
Full Text Available A pair of hydro-meteorological modeling systems were calibrated and evaluated for the Ayalon basin in central Israel to assess the advantages and limitations of one-way versus two-way coupled modeling systems for flood prediction. The models used included the Hydrological Engineering Center-Hydrological Modeling System (HEC-HMS model and the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF Hydro modeling system. The models were forced by observed, interpolated precipitation from rain-gauges within the basin, and with modeled precipitation from the WRF atmospheric model. Detailed calibration and evaluation was carried out for two major winter storms in January and December 2013. Then, both modeling systems were executed and evaluated in an operational mode for the full 2014/2015 rainy season. Outputs from these simulations were compared to observed measurements from the hydrometric station at the Ayalon basin outlet. Various statistical metrics were employed to quantify and analyze the results: correlation, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE and the Nash–Sutcliffe (NS efficiency coefficient. Foremost, the results presented in this study highlight the sensitivity of hydrological responses to different sources of simulated and observed precipitation data, and demonstrate improvement, although not significant, at the Hydrological response, like simulated hydrographs. With observed precipitation data both calibrated models closely simulated the observed hydrographs. The two-way coupled WRF/WRF-Hydro modeling system produced improved both the precipitation and hydrological simulations as compared to the one-way WRF simulations. Findings from this study, as well as previous studies, suggest that the use of two-way atmospheric-hydrological coupling has the potential to improve precipitation and, therefore, hydrological forecasts for early flood warning applications. However, more research needed in order to better understand the land-atmosphere coupling mechanisms
Two-factor authentication system based on optical interference and one-way hash function
He, Wenqi; Peng, Xiang; Meng, Xiangfeng; Liu, Xiaoli
2012-10-01
We present a two-factor authentication method to verify the personal identification who tries to access an optoelectronic system. This method is based on the optical interference principle and the traditional one-way Hash function (e.g. MD5). The authentication process is straightforward, the phase key and the password-controlled phase lock of one user are loading on two Spatial Light Modulators (SLMs) in advance, by which two coherent beams are modulated and then interference with each other at the output plane leading to an output image. By comparing the output image with all the standard certification images in the database, the system can thus verify the user's identity. However, the system designing process involves an iterative Modified Phase Retrieval Algorithm (MPRA). For an uthorized user, a phase lock is first created based on a "Digital Fingerprint (DF)", which is the result of a Hash function on a preselected user password. The corresponding phase key can then be determined by use of the phase lock and a designated standard certification image. Note that the encode/design process can only be realized by digital means while the authentication process could be achieved digitally or optically. Computer simulations were also given to validate the proposed approach.
Delay or anticipatory synchronization in one-way coupled systems using variable delay with reset
G Ambika; R E Amritkar
2011-11-01
We present a mechanism for the synchronization of one-way coupled nonlinear systems in which the coupling uses a variable delay, that is reset at ﬁnite intervals. Here the delay varies in the same way as the system in time and so the coupling function remains constant for the reset interval at the end of which it is reset to the value at that time. This leads to a novel and discrete error dynamics and the resulting general stability analysis is applicable to chaotic or hyperchaotic systems. We apply this method to standard chaotic systems and hyperchaotic time delay systems. The results of the detailed numerical analysis agree with the results from stability analysis in both cases. This method has the advantage that it is cost-effective since information from the driving system is needed only at intervals of reset. Further, in the context of time delay systems, optimization among the different time-scales depending upon the application is possible due to the ﬂexibility among the four different time-scales in our method, viz. delay in the driving system, anticipation in the response system, system delay time and reset time. We suggest a bi-channel scheme for implementing this method in communication ﬁeld with enhanced security
The Galactic One-Way Shapiro Delay to PSR B1937+21
Desai, S
2015-01-01
The time delay experienced by a light ray as it passes through a changing gravitational potential by a non-zero mass distribution along the line of sight is usually referred to as Shapiro delay. Shapiro delay has been extensively measured in the Solar system and in binary pulsars, enabling stringent tests of general relativity as well as measurement of neutron star masses . However, Shapiro delay is ubiquitous and experienced by all astrophysical messengers on their way from the source to the Earth. We calculate the "one-way" static Shapiro delay for the first discovered millisecond pulsar PSR~B1937+21, by including the contributions from both the dark matter and baryonic matter between this pulsar and the Earth. We find a value of approximately 5 days (of which 4.74 days is from the dark matter and 0.22 days from the baryonic matter). We also calculate the modulation of Shapiro delay from the motion of a single dark matter halo, and also evaluate the cumulative effects of the motion of matter distribution on...
Analyzing social experiments as implemented: Evidence from the HighScope Perry Preschool Program
Heckman, James; Moon, Seong Hyeok; Pinto, Rodrigo; Savelyev, Peter; Yavitz, Adam
2010-01-01
Social experiments are powerful sources of information about the effectiveness of interventions. In practice, initial randomization plans are almost always compromised. Multiple hypotheses are frequently tested. "Significant" effects are often reported with p-values that do not account for preliminary screening from a large candidate pool of possible effects. This paper develops tools for analyzing data from experiments as they are actually implemented. We apply these tools to analyze the inf...
Manipulating one-way space wave and its refraction by time-reversal and parity symmetry breaking.
Poo, Yin; He, Cheng; Xiao, Chao; Lu, Ming-Hui; Wu, Rui-Xin; Chen, Yan-Feng
2016-01-01
One-way transmission and negative refraction are the exotic wave properties founded in photonic crystals which attract a great attention due to their promising applications in photonic devices. How to integrate such two phenomena in one material or device is interesting and valuable. In this work, we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate that one-way electromagnetic space wave can be realized by means of two-dimensional magnetic photonic crystals. Simultaneously breaking the time-reversal and parity symmetries of the magnetic photonic crystals designed, we observe oblique incident space wave propagating one-way in the magnetic photonic crystals with positive or negative refraction occurring at interfaces, which can be manipulated upon the incident angle and operating frequency. Our work may offer a potential platform to realize some exotic photoelectronic and microwave devices such as one-way imaging and one-way cloaking. PMID:27387438
One-way-coupling simulation of cavitation accompanied by high-speed droplet impact
Kondo, Tomoki; Ando, Keita
2016-03-01
Erosion due to high-speed droplet impact is a crucial issue in industrial applications. The erosion is caused by the water-hammer loading on material surfaces and possibly by the reloading from collapsing cavitation bubbles that appear within the droplet. Here, we simulate the dynamics of cavitation bubbles accompanied by high-speed droplet impact against a deformable wall in order to see whether the bubble collapse is violent enough to give rise to cavitation erosion on the wall. The evolution of pressure waves in a single water (or gelatin) droplet to collide with a deformable wall at speed up to 110 m/s is inferred from simulations of multicomponent Euler flow where phase changes are not permitted. Then, we examine the dynamics of cavitation bubbles nucleated from micron/submicron-sized gas bubble nuclei that are supposed to exist inside the droplet. For simplicity, we perform Rayleigh-Plesset-type calculations in a one-way-coupling manner, namely, the bubble dynamics are determined according to the pressure variation obtained from the Euler flow simulation. In the simulation, the preexisting bubble nuclei whose size is either micron or submicron show large growth to submillimeters because tension inside the droplet is obtained through interaction of the pressure waves and the droplet interface; this supports the possibility of having cavitation due to the droplet impact. It is also found, in particular, for the case of cavitation arising from very small nuclei such as nanobubbles, that radiated pressure from the cavitation bubble collapse can overwhelm the water-hammer pressure directly created by the impact. Hence, cavitation may need to be accounted for when it comes to discussing erosion in the droplet impact problem.
Joint Preprocesser-Based Detectors for One-Way and Two-Way Cooperative Communication Networks
Abuzaid, Abdulrahman I.
2014-05-01
Efficient receiver designs for cooperative communication networks are becoming increasingly important. In previous work, cooperative networks communicated with the use of L relays. As the receiver is constrained, channel shortening and reduced-rank techniques were employed to design the preprocessing matrix that reduces the length of the received vector from L to U. In the first part of the work, a receiver structure is proposed which combines our proposed threshold selection criteria with the joint iterative optimization (JIO) algorithm that is based on the mean square error (MSE). Our receiver assists in determining the optimal U. Furthermore, this receiver provides the freedom to choose U for each frame depending on the tolerable difference allowed for MSE. Our study and simulation results show that by choosing an appropriate threshold, it is possible to gain in terms of complexity savings while having no or minimal effect on the BER performance of the system. Furthermore, the effect of channel estimation on the performance of the cooperative system is investigated. In the second part of the work, a joint preprocessor-based detector for cooperative communication networks is proposed for one-way and two-way relaying. This joint preprocessor-based detector operates on the principles of minimizing the symbol error rate (SER) instead of minimizing MSE. For a realistic assessment, pilot symbols are used to estimate the channel. From our simulations, it can be observed that our proposed detector achieves the same SER performance as that of the maximum likelihood (ML) detector with all participating relays. Additionally, our detector outperforms selection combining (SC), channel shortening (CS) scheme and reduced-rank techniques when using the same U. Finally, our proposed scheme has the lowest computational complexity.
Randomized dynamical decoupling strategies and improved one-way key rates for quantum cryptography
The present thesis deals with various methods of quantum error correction. It is divided into two parts. In the first part, dynamical decoupling methods are considered which have the task of suppressing the influence of residual imperfections in a quantum memory. Such imperfections might be given by couplings between the finite dimensional quantum systems (qudits) constituting the quantum memory, for instance. The suppression is achieved by altering the dynamics of an imperfect quantum memory with the help of a sequence of local unitary operations applied to the qudits. Whereas up to now the operations of such decoupling sequences have been constructed in a deterministic fashion, strategies are developed in this thesis which construct the operations by random selection from a suitable set. Formulas are derived which estimate the average performance of such strategies. As it turns out, randomized decoupling strategies offer advantages and disadvantages over deterministic ones. It is possible to benefit from the advantages of both kind of strategies by designing combined strategies. Furthermore, it is investigated if and how the discussed decoupling strategies can be employed to protect a quantum computation running on the quantum memory. It is shown that a purely randomized decoupling strategy may be used by applying the decoupling operations and adjusted gates of the quantum algorithm in an alternating fashion. Again this method can be enhanced by the means of deterministic methods in order to obtain a combined decoupling method for quantum computations analogously to the combining strategies for quantum memories. The second part of the thesis deals with quantum error-correcting codes and protocols for quantum key distribution. The focus is on the BB84 and the 6-state protocol making use of only one-way communication during the error correction and privacy amplification steps. It is shown that by adding additional errors to the preliminary key (a process called
Randomized dynamical decoupling strategies and improved one-way key rates for quantum cryptography
Kern, Oliver
2009-05-25
The present thesis deals with various methods of quantum error correction. It is divided into two parts. In the first part, dynamical decoupling methods are considered which have the task of suppressing the influence of residual imperfections in a quantum memory. Such imperfections might be given by couplings between the finite dimensional quantum systems (qudits) constituting the quantum memory, for instance. The suppression is achieved by altering the dynamics of an imperfect quantum memory with the help of a sequence of local unitary operations applied to the qudits. Whereas up to now the operations of such decoupling sequences have been constructed in a deterministic fashion, strategies are developed in this thesis which construct the operations by random selection from a suitable set. Formulas are derived which estimate the average performance of such strategies. As it turns out, randomized decoupling strategies offer advantages and disadvantages over deterministic ones. It is possible to benefit from the advantages of both kind of strategies by designing combined strategies. Furthermore, it is investigated if and how the discussed decoupling strategies can be employed to protect a quantum computation running on the quantum memory. It is shown that a purely randomized decoupling strategy may be used by applying the decoupling operations and adjusted gates of the quantum algorithm in an alternating fashion. Again this method can be enhanced by the means of deterministic methods in order to obtain a combined decoupling method for quantum computations analogously to the combining strategies for quantum memories. The second part of the thesis deals with quantum error-correcting codes and protocols for quantum key distribution. The focus is on the BB84 and the 6-state protocol making use of only one-way communication during the error correction and privacy amplification steps. It is shown that by adding additional errors to the preliminary key (a process called
Iivonen, M.; Sonnenwald, D. H.; Parma, M; Poole-Kober, E.
1998-01-01
In the paper the need to understand cultural differences is discussed. The authors show how cultural differences can be analyzed. They also describe how cultural information was exchanged and analyzed during the library and information studies course that was taught via the Internet simultanously in Finland and North Carolina. In addition, the authors discuss how libraries could use experiences of the common class when they act in a multicultural environment. In the paper, culture is defin...
A Scalable, Self-Analyzing Digital Locking System for use on Quantum Optics Experiments
Sparkes, B. M.; Chrzanowski, H. M.; Parrain, D. P.; Buchler, B. C.; Lam, P. K.; Symul, T.
2011-01-01
Digital control of optics experiments has many advantages over analog control systems, specifically in terms of scalability, cost, flexibility, and the integration of system information into one location. We present a digital control system, freely available for download online, specifically designed for quantum optics experiments that allows for automatic and sequential re-locking of optical components. We show how the inbuilt locking analysis tools, including a white-noise network analyzer,...
The time-of-flight neutral particle analyzer on the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade
The authors have recently installed a time-of-flight (TOF) neutral particle analyzer on the east end cell of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U). The TOF analyzer consists of a modified turbo-molecular pump for use as a particle chopper, a 7-meter flight path and a secondary emission type particle detector. The TOF analyzer is designed to measure the velocity distribution of escaping charge exchange neutral particles (D0) with energies between 20 and 5000eV. The analyzer is presently viewing the midplane of the east plug at an angle of 22.6 degrees with respect to the magnetic field. This location and orientation is within the magnetic loss cone of the end cell. This allows study of the velocity distribution of the potentially confined ions. Initial data have shown an increase in signal magnitude during operation with end plugging
More than One Way to Find the Neutrino Mixing Angle Theta13 from Reactor Data
Khan, Amir N; Ralston, John P
2013-01-01
We show that the analysis methods used in recent work of the Daya Bay and RENO collaborations are relatively insensitive to the physical variables and have been evaluated with non-standard measures of significance. The main features of the methods consist of variationally fitting many more parameters than data points. We find evidence that over-parameterization of data fits actually degrades the experimental determination of sin^2(2theta13). Simpler, more transparent methods can improve its extraction from the data, fully exploiting the greatly improved systematic errors, made possible by the multiple detectors and superb hardware construction of these experiments.
Neutrinoless double beta decay experiment DCBA using a magnetic momentum-analyzer
Ishihara, N., E-mail: nobuhiro.ishihara@kek.jp [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, 305-0801 (Japan); Kato, Y.; Inagaki, T.; Ohama, T.; Takeda, S.; Yamada, Y. [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, 305-0801 Japan (Japan); Ukishima, N.; Teramoto, Y. [Osaka City University, Sumiyoshi, Osaka, 558-8585 (Japan); Morishima, Y.; Nakano, I. [Okayama University, Okayama, 700-8530 (Japan); Kitamura, S. [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Arakawa, Tokyo, 116-8551 (Japan); Sakamoto, Y. [Tohoku Gakuin University, Izumi, Sendai, 981-3193 (Japan); Nagasaka, Y. [Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Saeki, Hiroshima, 731-5193 (Japan); Tamura, N. [Niigata University, Niigata, 950-2181 (Japan); Tanaka, K. [BTE, Minato, Tokyo, 105-0011 (Japan); Ito, R. [ZTJ, Chiyoda, Tokyo, 101-0047 (Japan)
2011-12-15
A magnetic momentum-analyzer is being developed at KEK for neutrinoless double beta decay experiment called DCBA (Drift Chamber Beta-ray Analyzer, inverted ABCD). A lot of thin plates of {sup 150}Nd compound are installed in tracking detectors located in a uniform magnetic field. The three-dimensional position information is obtained for the helical track of a beta ray. More R and D will be studied using the second test apparatus DCBA-T2, which is now under construction.
Simulation of three lanes one-way freeway in low visibility weather by possible traffic accidents
Pang, Ming-bao; Zheng, Sha-sha; Cai, Zhang-hui
2015-09-01
The aim of this work is to investigate the traffic impact of low visibility weather on a freeway including the fraction of real vehicle rear-end accidents and road traffic capacity. Based on symmetric two-lane Nagel-Schreckenberg (STNS) model, a cellular automaton model of three-lane freeway mainline with the real occurrence of rear-end accidents in low visibility weather, which considers delayed reaction time and deceleration restriction, was established with access to real-time traffic information of intelligent transportation system (ITS). The characteristics of traffic flow in different visibility weather were discussed via the simulation experiments. The results indicate that incoming flow control (decreasing upstream traffic volume) and inputting variable speed limits (VSL) signal are effective in accident reducing and road actual traffic volume's enhancing. According to different visibility and traffic demand the appropriate control strategies should be adopted in order to not only decrease the probability of vehicle accidents but also avoid congestion.
Friedrich-Karl Benra
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The interaction between fluid and structure occurs in a wide range of engineering problems. The solution for such problems is based on the relations of continuum mechanics and is mostly solved with numerical methods. It is a computational challenge to solve such problems because of the complex geometries, intricate physics of fluids, and complicated fluid-structure interactions. The way in which the interaction between fluid and solid is described gives the largest opportunity for reducing the computational effort. One possibility for reducing the computational effort of fluid-structure simulations is the use of one-way coupled simulations. In this paper, different problems are investigated with one-way and two-way coupled methods. After an explanation of the solution strategy for both models, a closer look at the differences between these methods will be provided, and it will be shown under what conditions a one-way coupling solution gives plausible results.
Alternatives to F-Test in One Way ANOVA in case of heterogeneity of variances (a simulation study
Karl Moder
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Several articles deal with the effects of inhomogeneous variances in one way analysis of variance (ANOVA. A very early investigation of this topic was done by Box (1954. He supposed, that in balanced designs with moderate heterogeneity of variances deviations of the empirical type I error rate (on experiments based realized α to the nominal one (predefined α for H0 are small. Similar conclusions are drawn by Wellek (2003. For not so moderate heterogeneity (e.g. σ1:σ2:...=3:1:... Moder (2007 showed, that empirical type I error rate is far beyond the nominal one, even with balanced designs. In unbalanced designs the difficulties get bigger. Several attempts were made to get over this problem. One proposal is to use a more stringent α level (e.g. 2.5% instead of 5% (Keppel & Wickens, 2004. Another recommended remedy is to transform the original scores by square root, log, and other variance reducing functions (Keppel & Wickens, 2004, Heiberger & Holland, 2004. Some authors suggest the use of rank based alternatives to F-test in analysis of variance (Vargha & Delaney, 1998. Only a few articles deal with two or multifactorial designs. There is some evidence, that in a two or multi-factorial design type I error rate is approximately met if the number of factor levels tends to infinity for a certain factor while the number of levels is fixed for the other factors (Akritas & S., 2000, Bathke, 2004.The goal of this article is to find an appropriate location test in an oneway analysis of variance situation with inhomogeneous variances for balanced and unbalanced designs based on a simulation study.
There's more than one way to conduct a replication study: Beyond statistical significance.
Anderson, Samantha F; Maxwell, Scott E
2016-03-01
As the field of psychology struggles to trust published findings, replication research has begun to become more of a priority to both scientists and journals. With this increasing emphasis placed on reproducibility, it is essential that replication studies be capable of advancing the field. However, we argue that many researchers have been only narrowly interpreting the meaning of replication, with studies being designed with a simple statistically significant or nonsignificant results framework in mind. Although this interpretation may be desirable in some cases, we develop a variety of additional "replication goals" that researchers could consider when planning studies. Even if researchers are aware of these goals, we show that they are rarely used in practice-as results are typically analyzed in a manner only appropriate to a simple significance test. We discuss each goal conceptually, explain appropriate analysis procedures, and provide 1 or more examples to illustrate these analyses in practice. We hope that these various goals will allow researchers to develop a more nuanced understanding of replication that can be flexible enough to answer the various questions that researchers might seek to understand. PMID:26214497
Behind the scenes of GS: there’s only one way to go
Anaïs Schaeffer
2014-01-01
At CERN, all of the Laboratory’s imports and exports are routed in the same way: through the Logistics Service. This GS-IS Group service is responsible for receiving, inspecting and distributing all goods sent to the Organization. Whether products for the CERN Stores, components for the experiments, tools, machinery and materials for the workshops or equipment for users and members of the personnel, nothing escapes the attention of CERN’s Logistics Service, which every year processes nearly 70,000 incoming deliveries, 7,500 shipments and 160,000 distributed items. “The vast majority of our imports come from CERN Member States,” says imports and customs procedures manager Laurence Planque, “but we are receiving more and more goods for collaborators working at CERN from non-Member States such as China, India and Pakistan. All these imports are entitled to diplomatic exemption, so every day we have to manage the customs clearance procedures wit...
Cahill R. T.
2009-01-01
We combine data from two high precision NASA / JPL experiments: (i) the one-way speed of light experiment using optical fibers: Krisher T.P., Maleki L., Lutes G.F., Pri- mas L.E., Logan R.T., Anderson J.D. and Will C.M. Phys. Rev. D , 1990, v. 42, 731–734, and (ii) the spacecraft earth-flyby Doppler shift data: Anderson J.D., Campbell J.K., Ekelund J.E., Ellis J. and Jordan J.F. Phys. Rev. Lett. , 2008, v. 100, 091102, to give the solar-system galactic 3-spa...
A scalable, self-analyzing digital locking system for use on quantum optics experiments
Sparkes, B. M.; Chrzanowski, H. M.; Parrain, D. P.; Buchler, B. C.; Lam, P. K.; Symul, T.
2011-07-01
Digital control of optics experiments has many advantages over analog control systems, specifically in terms of the scalability, cost, flexibility, and the integration of system information into one location. We present a digital control system, freely available for download online, specifically designed for quantum optics experiments that allows for automatic and sequential re-locking of optical components. We show how the inbuilt locking analysis tools, including a white-noise network analyzer, can be used to help optimize individual locks, and verify the long term stability of the digital system. Finally, we present an example of the benefits of digital locking for quantum optics by applying the code to a specific experiment used to characterize optical Schrödinger cat states.
A Scalable, Self-Analyzing Digital Locking System for use on Quantum Optics Experiments
Sparkes, B M; Parrain, D P; Buchler, B C; Lam, P K; Symul, T
2011-01-01
Digital control of optics experiments has many advantages over analog control systems, specifically in terms of scalability, cost, flexibility, and the integration of system information into one location. We present a digital control system, freely available for download online, specifically designed for quantum optics experiments that allows for automatic and sequential re-locking of optical components. We show how the inbuilt locking analysis tools, including a white-noise network analyzer, can be used to help optimize individual locks, and verify the long term stability of the digital system. Finally, we present an example of the benefits of digital locking for quantum optics by applying the code to a specific experiment used to characterize optical Schrodinger cat states.
FORTRAN IV Program for One-Way Analysis of Variance with A Priori or A Posteriori Mean Comparisons
Fordyce, Michael W.
1977-01-01
A flexible Fortran program for computing one way analysis of variance is described. Requiring minimal core space, the program provides a variety of useful group statistics, all summary statistics for the analysis, and all mean comparisons for a priori or a posteriori testing. (Author/JKS)
Hsu, Pei-Ling
2016-01-01
The high attrition rate of new science teachers demonstrates the urgent need to incorporate effective practices in teacher preparation programs to better equip preservice science teachers. The purpose of the study is to demonstrate a way to enrich preservice science teachers' preparation by incorporating informal science teaching practice into…
刘娜; 崔春燕
2008-01-01
Culture, in a wide sense, is the sum total of material and spiritual products created by man in the historical process of a socialpractice. In a narrow sense, it refers to a social ideology and the political system and constitutional organization corresponding to the ideology.Language has a very special position in this big culture and it cannot be well taught and learnt without the introducing of cultural knowledge. One ofthe effective ways to increase awareness of the euhural is to learn the patterns of western everyday life.
Marília Soares Mendes
2010-04-01
Full Text Available In domains (as digital TV, smart home, and tangible interfaces that represent a new paradigm of interactivity, the decision of the most appropriate interaction design solution is a challenge. HCI researchers have promoted in their works the validation of design alternative solutions with users before producing the final solution. User experience with technology is a subject that has also gained ground in these works in order to analyze the appropriate solution(s. Following this concept, a study was accomplished under the objective of finding a better interaction solution for an application of mobile TV. Three executable applications of mobile TV prototypes were built. A Verbal Decision Analysis model was applied on the investigations for the favorite characteristics in each prototype based on the user’s experience and their intentions of use. This model led a performance of a qualitative analysis which objectified the design of a new prototype.
Heruna Tanty
2010-01-01
Analysis of chemical substances in some processes an-organic bottled water and drinking water recharge has been done using One Way Manova. Samples originated from springs Ciburial Bogor taken in May 2009 at 10 depots refill drinking water process (AMDIU) Around Syahdan and Anggrek Campus of Bina Nusantara University. Reserve osmosis filtration processes and filtration Hollow Fiber and testing of heavy metal contents of five CN, Pb, Mn, Cr, and Cd in the company carried out the bottled water (...
Hartung, Joachim; Knapp, Guido
2000-01-01
A confidence interval for the between group variance is proposed which is deduced from Wald’s exact confidence interval for the ratio of the two variance components in the one-way random effects model and the exact confidence interval for the error variance resp. an unbiased estimator of the error variance. In a simulation study the confidence coefficients for these two intervals are compared with the confidence coefficients of two other commonly used confidence intervals. There, the confiden...
Quoc CongTRINH; Liao-jun ZHANG
2010-01-01
A dam-reservoir system subjected to an earthquake is a nonlinear system, because the fluid equations are always nonlinear regardless of the linear or nonlinear model used for the dam body. Therefore, transient analysis is necessary. In this study, dam-reservoir interaction during earthquake excitation was modeled by utilizing coupled finite element equations based on the Eulerian approach. Direct computing of the one-way coupling technique was used to solve the coupled equations. This techniq...
Amir Givati; David Gochis; Thomas Rummler; Harald Kunstmann
2016-01-01
A pair of hydro-meteorological modeling systems were calibrated and evaluated for the Ayalon basin in central Israel to assess the advantages and limitations of one-way versus two-way coupled modeling systems for flood prediction. The models used included the Hydrological Engineering Center-Hydrological Modeling System (HEC-HMS) model and the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Hydro modeling system. The models were forced by observed, interpolated precipitation from rain-gauges within the...
A Simulation of Oblivious Multi-head One-way Finite Automata by Real-time Cellular Automata
Borello, Alex
2010-01-01
In this paper, we present the simulation of a simple, yet significantly powerful, sequential model by cellular automata. The simulated model is called oblivious multi-head one-way finite automata and is characterized by having its heads moving only forward, on a trajectory that only depends on the length of the input. While the original finite automaton works in linear time, its corresponding cellular automaton performs the same task in real time, that is, exactly the length of the input. Alt...
Four-qubit cluster states of two photons entangled in polarization and linear momentum have been used to realize a complete set of single qubit rotations and the C-NOT gate for equatorial qubits with high values of fidelity. By the computational equivalence of the two degrees of freedom our result demonstrate the suitability of two photon cluster states for rapid and efficient one-way quantum computing
Kuzmiak, Vladimír; Eyderman, Sergey; Vanwolleghem, M.
New York: IEEE, 2010 - (Jaworski, M.; Marciniak, M.), s. 1-5 ISBN 978-1-4244-7799-9. [2010 International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks. Mnichov (DE), 27.06.2010-01.07.2010] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/0046 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20670512 Keywords : one-way electromegnetic waveguide * magneto -optic photonic crystal * surface plasmon polarirton Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Bowen, Galo Emilio
2013-01-01
This paper presents results of an experimental investigation to study the structural performance and deformability of a concrete bridge deck reinforced with corrosion resistant reinforcing (CRR) bars, i.e., bars that exhibit improved corrosion resistance when embedded in concrete as compared to traditional black steel. Flexural tests of one-way slabs were conducted to simulate negative transverse flexure over a bridge girder as assumed in the commonly employed strip design method. The bar typ...
Papantoniou, Ioannis; Papanicolaou, Catherine; Triantafillou, Thanasis
2009-01-01
This study presents a conceptual design process for one-way reinforced concrete slabs cast over Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC) Stay-in-Place (SiP) formwork elements, aiming at the minimization of the composite slab cost satisfying Ultimate Limit State (ULS) and Serviceability Limit State (SLS) design criteria. The thin-walled TRC element is considered to participate in the structural behaviour of the composite slab. This distinct function of the TRC element (as formwork and as a part of a ...
Groth, Markus
2008-01-01
The mandatory deposit for one-way drinks packaging, embodied in the German Packaging Ordinance of 1991, entered into force in January 2003, after the condition for its implementation was given by the fall of the market share of reusable drinks packaging under 72% in 1997. In this context the author doubts that the German mandatory deposit is an effective instrument to stabilise the market share of ecologically advantageous drinks packaging. Rather it is to be expected that the environmental p...
Analyzing price and efficiency dynamics of large appliances with the experience curve approach
Large appliances are major power consumers in households of industrialized countries. Although their energy efficiency has been increasing substantially in past decades, still additional energy efficiency potentials exist. Energy policy that aims at realizing these potentials faces, however, growing concerns about possible adverse effects on commodity prices. Here, we address these concerns by applying the experience curve approach to analyze long-term price and energy efficiency trends of three wet appliances (washing machines, laundry dryers, and dishwashers) and two cold appliances (refrigerators and freezers). We identify a robust long-term decline in both specific price and specific energy consumption of large appliances. Specific prices of wet appliances decline at learning rates (LR) of 29±8% and thereby much faster than those of cold appliances (LR of 9±4%). Our results demonstrate that technological learning leads to substantial price decline, thus indicating that the introduction of novel and initially expensive energy efficiency technologies does not necessarily imply adverse price effects in the long term. By extending the conventional experience curve approach, we find a steady decline in the specific energy consumption of wet appliances (LR of 20-35%) and cold appliances (LR of 13-17%). Our analysis suggests that energy policy might be able to bend down energy experience curves.
Analyzing price and efficiency dynamics of large appliances with the experience curve approach
Large appliances are major power consumers in households of industrialized countries. Although their energy efficiency has been increasing substantially in past decades, still additional energy efficiency potentials exist. Energy policy that aims at realizing these potentials faces, however, growing concerns about possible adverse effects on commodity prices. Here, we address these concerns by applying the experience curve approach to analyze long-term price and energy efficiency trends of three wet appliances (washing machines, laundry dryers, and dishwashers) and two cold appliances (refrigerators and freezers). We identify a robust long-term decline in both specific price and specific energy consumption of large appliances. Specific prices of wet appliances decline at learning rates (LR) of 29±8% and thereby much faster than those of cold appliances (LR of 9±4%). Our results demonstrate that technological learning leads to substantial price decline, thus indicating that the introduction of novel and initially expensive energy efficiency technologies does not necessarily imply adverse price effects in the long term. By extending the conventional experience curve approach, we find a steady decline in the specific energy consumption of wet appliances (LR of 20-35%) and cold appliances (LR of 13-17%). Our analysis suggests that energy policy might be able to bend down energy experience curves. (author)
Solid state neutral particle analyzer array on National Spherical Torus Experiment
Shinohara, K.; Darrow, D. S.; Roquemore, A. L.; Medley, S. S.; Cecil, F. E.
2004-10-01
A solid state neutral particle analyzer array has been installed on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX). The array consists of four chords viewing through a common vacuum flange. The tangency radii of the viewing chords are 60, 90, 100, and 120 cm. They view across the three co-injection neutral beam lines [deuterium, 80 keV (typically) with tangency radii 48.7, 59.2, and 69.4 cm] on NSTX and detect co-going energetic ions. A silicon photodiode was calibrated by using a monoenergetic deuteron beam source. Deuterons with energy above 40 keV can be detected with the present setup. The degradation of the performance was also investigated. Lead shot and epoxy are used for neutron shielding to reduce handling any hazardous heavy metal. This method also enables us to make an arbitrary shape to be fit into the complex flight tube.
Esbjerg, Lars; Jensen, Birger Boutrup; Bech-Larsen, Tino;
2012-01-01
Grocery retailers aim to satisfy customers, and because grocery shopping trips are frequently recurring, they must do socontinuously. Surprisingly, little research has addressed satisfaction with individual grocery shopping trips. This article therefore develops a conceptual framework for analyzing...... customer satisfaction with individual grocery shopping trip experiences within a overall ‘disconfirmation of expectations model’ of customer satisfaction. The contribution of the framework is twofold. First, by focusing on satisfaction with individual grocery shopping trips, previous research on...... satisfaction is extended to a context marked by frequently recurring, often tedious and routine activities. Understanding what causes satisfaction/dissatisfaction with individual shopping trips is required to explain overall, cumulative satisfaction with a retailer, which has been the focus of prior research...
Teo, Tang Wee; Osborne, Margery
2012-09-01
In this paper, we present a microanalysis of a specialized STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) high school teacher's experience of self-initiated science inquiry curriculum reform. We examine the meanings of these two constructs: inquiry curriculum and curriculum change through the process lens of interactions, actions, and interpretations. Symbolic interactionism is the theoretical framework we used to frame our analysis of how this teacher, Darren Daley (a pseudonym) and various stakeholders purposefully and strategically engaged in "face-work" and act out lines of actions to advocate or oppose curriculum change. Symbols are used in this world of face-to-face encounters to communicate, imply, and assert, meanings through socially flexible and adjustable processes. We scrutinize how Daley (un)consciously engaged all of these to defend his decisions, actions, and outcomes and "look" to others as doing inquiry reform. The meanings of such work are not intrinsically driven or reactions to psychological and extraneous factors and forces, but emergent through interactions. The data collection methods include interviews with Daley, school administrators, students, and parents, lesson observations in Daley's class, and gathering of school website pages, brochures, and curriculum materials. We represent data in narratives describing storied history, voices, interactions, anecdotal accounts from individuals' experiences, and interpretations. The analysis and findings illuminate the nature of teacher agency—how it is reclaimed, sustained, reinforced, contested, exercised, and modified in more nuanced ways, hence offering an alternative lens to theorizing and empirically analyzing this construct.
Analyzing power in CNI-region at AGS (experiment E950)
Acceleration of polarized protons is one of the exciting features of the new Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Measurements of beam polarization are required both for experiments and the accelerator tuning. Elastic scattering in the Coulomb nuclear interference (CNI) region of polarized proton beams on a carbon target demonstrates asymmetry which can be used to build a polarimeter. The methods proposed for a RHIC CNI polarimeter were tested with the AGS polarized beam in the E950 experiment. A 21.7 GeV/c polarized proton beam was scattered on an extremely thin carbon ribbon target located in the AGS ring. Two symmetrical arms consisting of silicon strip detectors (SSD) and a micro channel plate (MCP) were used to identify recoil carbon. Data obtained demonstrates a good identification of the reaction by the apparatus and a significant analyzing power. A RHIC polarimeter setup with 4 SSDs but without MCPs will be used to commission RHIC with polarized protons and for the first spin physics running in 2001
Behrooz, Majid; Gordaninejad, Faramarz
2016-09-01
This paper presents a three-dimensional study of a controllable flexible magnetically-activated micropump. The tubular micropump employs magnetically induced deformation of magnetorheological elastomer and one-way flexible conical valves for fluid transport. Three-dimensional magneto–fluid–solid interaction analysis is employed to investigate the performance of the system. The effects of key material, geometric, and magnetic parameters on the effectiveness of the system are examined. It is demonstrated that the proposed system can propel the fluid unidirectionally, and the volume of the transported fluid is significantly affected by some of the design parameters.
A Simulation of Oblivious Multi-Head One-Way Finite Automata by Real-Time Cellular Automata
Borello, Alex
2010-01-01
In this paper, we present the simulation of a simple, yet significantly powerful, sequential model by cellular automata. The simulated model is called oblivious multi-head one-way finite automata and is characterized by having its heads moving only forward, on a trajectory that only depends on the length of the input. While the original finite automaton works in linear time, its corresponding cellular automaton performs the same task in real time, that is, exactly the length of the input. Although not truly a speed-up, the simulation may be interesting and reminds us of the open question about the equivalence of linear and real times on cellular automata.
Recent advances in acoustic one-way manipulation%声单向操控研究进展∗
梁彬; 袁樱; 程建春
2015-01-01
电子二极管的发明标志着现代电子学的诞生，在整个人类社会中引起了科技的深刻变革。声波是一种具有非常悠久的研究历史的经典波，却始终被认为仅具有对称的传播形式。若能制造出可像电子二极管控制电流般实现声波单向导通的声学器件，显然将对整个声学研究领域产生重大影响，具有重要的科学意义及应用价值。第一个基于非线性媒质与声子晶体的声二极管利用非线性突破声学互易原理的局限，首次实现了将声能流限制在单一方向上的声整流效应。针对非线性系统转换效率低下的固有缺陷，在线性体系内围绕声单向传播这个重要科学问题开展了一系列理论和实验研究，设计与制备了多种具有特殊结构和性能的线性声学单向结构，在器件的效率、带宽及尺寸方面产生了突破。在声二极管研究的基础上，第一个可以像电子三极管操控电流般对声流进行操控与放大的声三极管理论模型也被提出。本文介绍了声单向传播这一新兴且富有蓬勃生机的研究领域中的主要进展。%Realizations of one-way manipulations in various kinds of energy flux are always highly desirable. The most famous example should be the invention of electric diodes which marked the emergence of modern electronics and resulted in worldwide technology revolutions. Acoustic wave, albeit a classical wave with much longer research history in comparison with the electricity, has long been thought to propagate easily along two opposite directions in any path. Hence it should be intriguing to realize the one-way transmission of acoustic waves by designing the acoustical analogy of electric diodes, which would have deep implications in all the acoustics-based applications and the field of acoustics in general. In this review, we briefly describe recent advances in acoustic one-way manipulation which has become a new frontier
We consider one-way quantum state merging and entanglement distillation under compound and arbitrarily varying source models. Regarding quantum compound sources, where the source is memoryless, but the source state an unknown member of a certain set of density matrices, we continue investigations begun in the work of Bjelaković et al. [“Universal quantum state merging,” J. Math. Phys. 54, 032204 (2013)] and determine the classical as well as entanglement cost of state merging. We further investigate quantum state merging and entanglement distillation protocols for arbitrarily varying quantum sources (AVQS). In the AVQS model, the source state is assumed to vary in an arbitrary manner for each source output due to environmental fluctuations or adversarial manipulation. We determine the one-way entanglement distillation capacity for AVQS, where we invoke the famous robustification and elimination techniques introduced by Ahlswede. Regarding quantum state merging for AVQS we show by example that the robustification and elimination based approach generally leads to suboptimal entanglement as well as classical communication rates
Kwok Hau
2009-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract Spontaneous pneumothoraces are believed to arise when air from the supplying airway exit via a ruptured visceral pleural bleb into the pleural cavity. Endobronchial one-way valves (EBVs allow air exit (but not entry from individual segmental airways. Systematic deployment of EBVs was applied to three patients with secondary spontaneous pneumothoraces and persistent airleak. In all cases, balloon-catheter occlusion of the upper lobe bronchus stopped the airleak. EBVs applied to individual upper lobe segmental airways failed to terminate the airleak, which only stopped after placements of multiple EBVs to occlude all upper lobe segments. The observation questions the traditional belief of 'one-airway-one-bleb-one-leak' in spontaneous pneumothorax.
Heruna Tanty
2010-05-01
Full Text Available Analysis of chemical substances in some processes an-organic bottled water and drinking water recharge has been done using One Way Manova. Samples originated from springs Ciburial Bogor taken in May 2009 at 10 depots refill drinking water process (AMDIU Around Syahdan and Anggrek Campus of Bina Nusantara University. Reserve osmosis filtration processes and filtration Hollow Fiber and testing of heavy metal contents of five CN, Pb, Mn, Cr, and Cd in the company carried out the bottled water (bottled water PT Buana Cikarang Tirta Abadi. Test results and analysis show that the processed water filtration contains CN, Pb, Mn, Cr, and Cd was lower than that of water filtration was not processed. And drinking water processed by filtration Reserve Osmosis, contains CN, Pb, Mn, Cr, and Cd was lower than that processed by Hollow Fiber Filtration and Granular Activated Charcoal.
Leung, Ming Lam; Zhang, Shengyu
2011-01-01
We study the communication complexity of symmetric XOR functions, namely functions $f: \\{0,1\\}^n \\times \\{0,1\\}^n \\rightarrow \\{0,1\\}$ that can be formulated as $f(x,y)=D(|x\\oplus y|)$ for some predicate $D: \\{0,1,...,n\\} \\rightarrow \\{0,1\\}$, where $|x\\oplus y|$ is the Hamming weight of the bitwise XOR of $x$ and $y$. We give a public-coin randomized protocol in the Simultaneous Message Passing (SMP) model, with the communication cost matching the known lower bound for the \\emph{quantum} and \\emph{two-way} model up to a logarithm factor. As a corollary, this closes a quadratic gap between quantum lower bound and randomized upper bound for the one-way model, answering an open question raised in Shi and Zhang \\cite{SZ09}.
Heckman, James Joseph; Moon, Seong Hyeok; Pinto, Rodrigo; Peter A. Savelyev; Yavitz, Adam
2010-01-01
Social experiments are powerful sources of information about the effectiveness of interventions. In practice, initial randomization plans are almost always compromised. Multiple hypotheses are frequently tested. "Significant" effects are often reported with p-values that do not account for preliminary screening from a large candidate pool of possible effects. This paper develops tools for analyzing data from experiments as they are actually implemented. We apply these tools to analyze the inf...
Angus, Douglas A.
A finite-difference narrow-angle one-way wave equation is implemented and is applied to various wave propagation problems to verify the method as well as to study frequency-dependent three-component waveform effects. The narrow-angle wave equation is the most approximate, yet most computationally practical, of the one-way wave equations derived by Thomson (1999). Although the vector narrow-angle wave equation is limited to a certain propagation distance, it is still a viable and powerful modelling approach to wave propagation in three-dimensional elastic media. A FORTRAN finite-difference code is developed that is second-order accurate in the lateral and forward propagation direction and requires only three extrapolation planes to be stored during each propagation step. Numerical analysis of the finite-difference algorithm indicates that the scheme is stable for appropriate initial conditions and, for the propagation path-lengths of interest, angular range of forward propagation and source-pulse spectral content, numerical grid-anisotropy is minimal. The narrow-angle propagator is sufficiently accurate for angles up to +/-15° to the preferred direction of propagation and is stable within singular regions of slowness space. For reasonable velocity gradients, the travel-times and amplitudes of transmitted and converted body-waves are in good agreement with an exact reference solution. The conical-point singularity is the main focus of the homogeneous, anisotropic wave propagation examples, because it represents the most extreme anisotropic singularity and poses the greatest difficulty for ray-based methods. The results of wave propagation along the acoustic axis display characteristic and potentially diagnostic waveform effects, such as wavefront folding and tearing, merging and splitting pulses, growth of anomalous components and bipolar waveforms. The results of wave propagation in isotropic heterogeneous media are consistent with various published results. Some
Analyzing a Service-Learning Experience Using a Social Justice Lens
Tinkler, Barri; Hannah, C. Lynne; Tinkler, Alan; Miller, Elizabeth
2014-01-01
This mixed methods study explores a service-learning experience embedded in a social foundations course in a teacher education program. The authors differentiate learning outcomes for social justice and charity service-learning, and utilize this framework to examine whether the service-learning experience fosters a social justice perspective. The…
Pandini, Stefano; Riccò, Theonis; Borboni, Alberto; Bodini, Ileana; Vetturi, David; Cambiaghi, Danilo; Toselli, Maurizio; Paderni, Katia; Messori, Massimo; Pilati, Francesco; Chiellini, Federica; Bartoli, Cristina
2014-07-01
This paper investigates the shape memory capabilities of semicrystalline networks, focusing the attention on poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) systems, a class of materials that allows to satisfy important requirements for their applications as biomedical devices, such as the good biocompatibility, the fast recovery of large "temporary" shape configurations, and the easy tailoring of the transformation temperatures. The materials were prepared with various crosslink densities and crosslinking methodologies; in particular, beside a thermal crosslinking based on reactive methacrylic end groups, a novel type of covalently crosslinked semicrystalline systems was prepared by a sol-gel approach from alkoxysilane-terminated PCL precursors, so as to avoid potentially toxic additives typically used for free-radical thermal curing. The materials were subjected to biological tests, to study their ability in sustaining cell adhesion and proliferation, and to thermal characterizations, to evaluate the possibility to tailor their melting and crystallization temperatures. The one-way shape memory (i.e., the possibility to set the material in a given configuration and to recover its pristine shape) and the two-way shape memory response (i.e., the triggered change between two distinguished shapes on the application of an on-off stimulus) were studied by applying optimized thermo-mechanical cyclic histories. The ability to fix the applied shape and to recover the original one on the application of heating (i.e., the one-way effect) was evaluated on tensile bars; further, to investigate a potential application as self-expandable stents, isothermal shape memory experiments were carried out also on tubular specimens, previously folded in a temporary compact configuration. The two-way response was studied through the application of a constant load and of a heating/cooling cycle from above melting to below the crystallization temperature, leading to a reversible elongation/contraction effect
Wu, Zhiyong; Wu, Juan; Lu, Guihua
2015-11-01
Coupled hydrological and atmospheric modeling is an effective tool for providing advanced flood forecasting. However, the uncertainties in precipitation forecasts are still considerable. To address uncertainties, a one-way coupled atmospheric-hydrological modeling system, with a combination of high-resolution and ensemble precipitation forecasting, has been developed. It consists of three high-resolution single models and four sets of ensemble forecasts from the THORPEX Interactive Grande Global Ensemble database. The former provides higher forecasting accuracy, while the latter provides the range of forecasts. The combined precipitation forecasting was then implemented to drive the Chinese National Flood Forecasting System in the 2007 and 2008 Huai River flood hindcast analysis. The encouraging results demonstrated that the system can clearly give a set of forecasting hydrographs for a flood event and has a promising relative stability in discharge peaks and timing for warning purposes. It not only gives a deterministic prediction, but also generates probability forecasts. Even though the signal was not persistent until four days before the peak discharge was observed in the 2007 flood event, the visualization based on threshold exceedance provided clear and concise essential warning information at an early stage. Forecasters could better prepare for the possibility of a flood at an early stage, and then issue an actual warning if the signal strengthened. This process may provide decision support for civil protection authorities. In future studies, different weather forecasts will be assigned various weight coefficients to represent the covariance of predictors and the extremes of distributions.
Serebryannikov, Andriy E; Beruete, Miguel; Mutlu, Mehmet; Ozbay, Ekmel
2015-05-18
Multiband one-way polarization conversion and strong asymmetry in transmission inspired by it are demonstrated in ultrathin sandwiched structures that comprise two twisted aperture-type arrays of complementary split-ring resonators (CSRRs), metallic mesh, and dielectric layers. The basic features of the resulting mechanism originate from the common effect of chirality and tunneling. The emphasis is put on the (nearly) perfect polarization conversion of linear incident polarization into the orthogonal one and related diodelike asymmetric transmission within multiple narrow bands. Desired polarization conversion can be obtained at several resonances for one of the two opposite incidence directions, whereas transmission is fully blocked for the other one. The resonances, at which the (nearly) perfect conversion takes place, are expected to be inherited from similar structures with parallel, i.e., not rotated CSRR arrays that do not enable chirality and, thus, polarization conversion. It is found that the basic transmission and polarization conversion features and, thus, the dominant physics are rather general, enabling efficient engineering of such structures. The lowest-frequency resonance can be obtained in structures made of conventional materials with total thickness less than λ/50 and up to ten such resonances can correspond to thickness less than λ/20. PMID:26074599
No-go theorem for one-way quantum computing on naturally occurring two-level systems
The ground states of some many-body quantum systems can serve as resource states for the one-way quantum computing model, achieving the full power of quantum computation. Such resource states are found, for example, in spin-(5/2) and spin-(3/2) systems. It is, of course, desirable to have a natural resource state in a spin-(1/2), that is, qubit system. Here, we give a negative answer to this question for frustration-free systems with two-body interactions. In fact, it is shown to be impossible for any genuinely entangled qubit state to be a nondegenerate ground state of any two-body frustration-free Hamiltonian. What is more, we also prove that every spin-(1/2) frustration-free Hamiltonian with two-body interaction always has a ground state that is a product of single- or two-qubit states. In other words, there cannot be any interesting entanglement features in the ground state of such a qubit Hamiltonian.
Quoc CongTRINH
2010-03-01
Full Text Available A dam-reservoir system subjected to an earthquake is a nonlinear system, because the fluid equations are always nonlinear regardless of the linear or nonlinear model used for the dam body. Therefore, transient analysis is necessary. In this study, dam-reservoir interaction during earthquake excitation was modeled by utilizing coupled finite element equations based on the Eulerian approach. Direct computing of the one-way coupling technique was used to solve the coupled equations. This technique is based on a simple assumption that the fluid hydrodynamic pressure is applied to the dam body while the deformation of the dam has no influence on the water field. Seismic response analysis of the Sonla concrete gravity dam constructed in Sonla Province, Vietnam was carried out as a verification example. The results of the methodology introduced are in close agreement with results of the iterative method and the solution procedure is found to be less time-consuming than that of the iterative method. This method is very convenient and can be easily implemented in finite element programs with fluid-structure interaction modules.
Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficiency of bronchoscopic interventional lung volume reduction with domestic-made stents. Methods: The target areas of 7 patients with severe emphysema for valvular stenting form May 2006 to Aug. 2007 were prospectively selected on the basis of CT scan. Under general anesthesia, one-way valvular stenting were carried out over a guidewire under flexible bronchoscopy and fluoroscopic control. The symptom, pulmonary function, blood gas analysis, B-ultrasonic wave, 6 minute walk distance and thoracic CT were undertaken. Results: 4-6 stents per patient took place in 136 ± 72.3 min to obstruct the upper-lobe segments unilaterally but without obvious atelectasis under imaging. The patients could walk 2 hours after the operation with relief of dyspnea. No major change in radiologic findings and lung function occurred in 2 weeks, only bronchi distal to the stents gathered together. 6-min walk distance, Borg dyspnea scale fell and the pulmonary arterial pressure showed significant (P<0.05)statistical discrepancy. No major life-threatening complications were noted in the 15-day study period and no conspicuous change in lung function, blood gas analysis and lung volume. Lower-lobe pneumonia of nontarget area developed in 1 patient and acute episode of COPD occurred in another. Conclusions: Bronchoscopic interventional lung volume reduction may improve dyspnea and quality of life, as a rather safety therapeutic measure. (authors)
V Mantha; A K Mohanty; P Satyamurthy
2007-02-01
BARC has recently proposed a one-way coupled ADS reactor. This reactor requires typically ∼ 1 GeV proton beam with 2 mA of current. Approximately 8 kW of heat is deposited in the window of the target. Circulating liquid metal target (lead/lead-bismuth-eutectic) has to extract this heat and this is a critical R&D problem to be solved. At present there are very few accelerators, which can give few mA and high-energy proton beam. However, accelerators with low energy and hundreds of micro-ampere current are commercially available. In view of this, it is proposed in this paper to simulate beam window heating of ∼ 8 kW in the target with low-energy proton beam. Detailed thermal analysis in the spallation and window region has been carried out to study the capability of heat extraction by circulating LBE for a typical target loop with a proton beam of 30 MeV energy and current of 0.267 mA. The heat deposition study is carried out using FLUKA code and flow analysis by CFD code. The detailed analysis of this work is presented in this paper.
Clara Novoa; Suleima Alkusari
2012-01-01
This talk exemplifies the application of the multiple imputation technique available in STATA to analize a design of experiments with multiple responses and missing data. No imputation and multiple imputation methodologies are compared.
In-Laboratory Experiments to Analyze Enroute Driver Behavior Under ATIS
Adler, Jeffrey L.; Recker, Wilfred W.; McNally, Michael G.
1993-01-01
This paper discusses preliminary results from an in-laboratory experiment to study enroute driver behavior under ATIS. The case study was conducted using FASTCARS (Freeway and Arterial Street Traffic Conflict Arousal and Resolution Simulator), an interactive microcomputer-based travel choice simulator. The experiment was designed to both exhibit the value of using computer simulation for data collection and to explore factors that influence and induce changes in enroute driver behavior. A ran...
McEntee, Marie; Mortimer, Claire
2013-01-01
This article examines two large-scale public communication campaigns to explore the appropriateness and effectiveness of using one-way communication in contentious environmental issues. The findings show while one-way communication can be successfully employed in contentious issues, it is not appropriate for all contexts and may contribute to…
Cahill R. T.
2009-10-01
Full Text Available We combine data from two high precision NASA/JPL experiments: (i the one-way speed of light experiment using optical fibers: Krisher T.P., Maleki L., Lutes G.F., Primas L.E., Logan R.T., Anderson J.D. and Will C.M. Phys. Rev. D, 1990, v.42, 731-734, and (ii the spacecraft earth-flyby Doppler shift data: Anderson J.D., Campbell J.K., Ekelund J.E., Ellis J. and Jordan J.F. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2008, v.100, 091102, to give the solar-system galactic 3-space average speed of 486 km/s in the direction RA = 4.29 h, Dec = -75.0 Deg. Turbulence effects (gravitational waves are also evident. Data also reveals the 30 km/s orbital speed of the Earth and the Sun inflow component at 1AU of 42 km/s and also 615 km/s near the Sun, and for the first time, experimental measurement of the 3-space 11.2 km/s inflow of the Earth. The NASA/JPL data is in remarkable agreement with that determined in other light speed anisotropy experiments, such as Michelson-Morley (1887, Miller (1933, Torr and Kolen (1981, DeWitte (1991, Cahill (2006, Munera (2007, Cahill and Stokes (2008 and Cahill (2009.
Cahill, Reginald T
2009-01-01
We combine data from two high precision NASA/JPL experiments: (i) the one-way speed of light experiment using optical fibers: Krisher T.P., Maleki L., Lutes G.F., Primas L.E., Logan R.T., Anderson J.D. and Will C.M., Phys. Rev. D, vol 42, 731-734, 1990, and (ii) the spacecraft earth-flyby doppler shift data: Anderson J.D., Campbell J.K., Ekelund J.E., Ellis J. and Jordan J.F., Phys. Rev. Lett., vol 100, 091102, 2008, to give the solar-system galactic 3-space average speed of 486km/s in the direction RA=4.29hrs, Dec=-75.0deg. Turbulence effects (gravitational waves) are also evident. Data also reveals the 30km/s orbital speed of the earth and the sun inflow component at 1AU of 42km/s and also 615km/s near the sun, and for the first time, experimental measurement of the 3-space 11.2km/s inflow of the earth. The NASA/JPL data is in remarkable agreement with that determined in other light speed anisotropy experiments, such as Michelson-Morley (1887), Miller (1933), DeWitte (1991), Torr and Kolen (1981), Cahill (2...
Analyzing (through) Resonant Experience - Becoming the one to understand the other
Revsbæk, Line
2016-01-01
study) other. The paper presents a case of being newcomer (to research communities) researching newcomer innovation (of others) (Revsbaek, 2014). Suggesting that researcher’s resonant experience is an issue of research validity raises the question of researcher qualifications not only being about...
A two-compartment thermal-hydraulic experiment (LACE-LA4) analyzed by ESCADRE code
Large scale experiments show that whenever a Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) occurs, water pools are generated. Stratifications of steam saturated gas develop above water pools causing a two-compartment thermal-hydraulics. The LACE (LWR Advanced Containment Experiment) LA4 experiment, performed at the Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory (HEDL), exhibited a strong stratification, at all times, above a growing water pool. JERICHO and AEROSOLS-B2 are part of the ESCADRE code system (Ensemble de Systemes de Codes d'Analyse d'accident Des Reacteurs A Eau), a tool for evaluating the response of a nuclear plant to severe accidents. These two codes are here used to simulate respectively the thermal-hydraulics and the associated aerosol behavior. Code results have shown that modelling large containment thermal-hydraulics without taking account of the stratification phenomenon leads to large overpredictions of containment pressure and temperature. If the stratification is modelled as a zone with a higher steam condensation rate and a higher thermal resistance, ESCADRE predictions match quite well experimental data. The stratification thermal-hydraulics is controlled by power (heat fluxes) repartition in the lower compartment between the water pool and the nearby walls. Therefore the total, direct heat exchange between the two compartment is reduced. Stratification modelling is believed to be important for its influence on aerosol behavior: aerosol deposition through the inter-face of the two subcompartments is improved by diffusiophoresis and thermophoresis. In addition the aerosol concentration gradient, through the stratification, will cause a driving force for motion of smaller particles towards the pool. (author)
Long-term lysimeter experiment to analyze the influence of the climate change on matter fluxes
Pütz, Thomas; Groh, Jannis; Wollschläger, Ute; Gerke, Horst; Priesack, Eckart; Kiese, Ralf; Borg, Erik; Vereecken, Harry
2015-04-01
Based on the TERENO SoilCan infrastructure, a long-term large-scale experiment was designed to study the effects of climate change on terrestrial systems. The water and matter fluxes in soil are the main focuses of SoilCan. In the frame of SoilCan, fully automated lysimeter systems were installed on several highly equipped experimental field sites of the TERENO-observatories and the relevant status variables of each ecosystem were monitored (e.g. climate, hydrology, biosphere-atmosphere exchange, biodiversity, etc.). In total, 90 lysimeters (1.5 m depth, 1m2 surface) were filled with soil monoliths at the four TERENO-observatories and were instrumented with TDRs, tensiometers, temperature sensors, soil heat flux plates, and CO2 sensors. For the controlling of the lower boundary condition, suction candle rakes were installed into the lysimeter bottoms. In combination with bi-directional pumps and tanks, the water content of the lysimeters was adjusted to the surrounded original field sites. To simulate the expected climate change, 48 lysimeters were transferred along temperature and rainfall gradients within the respective observatories and between the observatories, based on the principle 'Space for Time'. In case of the "Rur" observatory, three intensively instrumented field sites ("Wüstebach", "Rollesbroich" und "Selhausen") were equipped with lysimeter stations. These three field sites include different land uses, "Wüstebach" as a forest site, "Rollesbroich" as a grassland and "Selhausen" as an arable site. In order to standardize the agronomic management, the crop rotation at the arable lysimeters comprised winter wheat - winter rye - winter barley - oats. For investigation of the matter flux, soil solutions and leachates were regularly sampled. The water balances and the dynamics of the carbon and nitrogen fluxes in the first two years of the experiment will be presented.
Georg SOOTLA
2015-10-01
Full Text Available The article focuses on the analysis of internal dynamics and controversies of patterns of county-level governance. Seven alternating confi gurations of county governance in Estonia are taken as an empirical case. We also intend to develop further a conceptual framework for analysis of county governance, drawing on the experience of developing county governance in Europe in the last decades. We reveal that dual and fused patterns of county governance have rather different roles in balancing intergovernmental relations. Hence, when combining dual pattern with elements of fused pattern, it should be done very carefully in order to avoid deep tensions in the intergovernmental system. This was ignored in Estonia where, in the 1920s and the beginning of the 1990s, a strong political mandate of county governor and its role as representative of the state were combined. In the 1930s the crisis of county governance was solved with a perfectly balanced fused pattern, established by an authoritarian regime. In the 2000s, Estonia faced a political as well as a structural deadlock in the development of the intergovernmental system because of the deconstruction of county governance. As a result, the crisis in one link would require a complete reorganization of central- local relations in Estonia in the second half of the 2010s.
Keller, Michael; Silva-Dias, Maria Assunção; Nepstad, Daniel C.; Silva-Andreae, Meinrat O.
The Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) is a multi-disciplinary, multinational scientific project led by Brazil. LBA researchers seek to understand Amazonia in its global context especially with regard to regional and global climate. Current development activities in Amazonia including deforestation, logging, cattle ranching, and agriculture significantly perturb regional and global carbon budgets and the atmospheric radiation budget through both greenhouse gas inputs and the increase in atmospheric particulates generated by fires. The Brazilian Amazon currently releases about 0.2 Pg-C to the atmosphere each year as a result of net deforestation. Logging and forest fire activity are poorly quantified but certainly increase this amount by more than 10%. Fires associated with land management activities generate smoke that leads to heating of the lower atmosphere, decreases in overall cloudiness, increases in cloud lifetimes, and the suppression of rainfall. There are considerable uncertainties associated with our understanding of smoke effects. Present development trends point to agricultural intensification in the Brazilian Amazon. This intensification and the associated generation of wealth present an opportunity to enhance governance on the frontier and to minimize the damaging effects of fires.
Safety investigations for LMFBRs have to consider local failure situations in one fuel element which may escalate to a hypothetical CDA. Such initiating events could produce high pressure pulses in a single subassembly which may expand and rupture the wrapper as well as load adjacent elements impulsively. The associated nonlinear dynamic core deformation problem is treated in this paper. In particular the multirow structural dynamics code COERE-1 and underlying mechanical models are described. Each subassembly is simulated by an equivalent system of point masses and nonlinear coupling springs. The motion of the coolant layer between the elements is treated by an incompressible, non-stationary frictional flow model. In order to obtain realistic code input four types of static single subassembly deformation experiments are described which provided strongly nonlinear load deformation characteristics. Furthermore the transient pressure distribution within the core is obtained from a full scale explosion test. Finally code application is demonstrated and results are given of a transient analysis of the SNR 300 core. (Auth.)
Water diffusion through compacted clays analyzed by neutron scattering and tracer experiments
various methodologies to better interpret the dynamic results. Parameters such as particle size, layer spacing, chemical composition, external and total surfaces and porosity were determined. The fundamental transport processes in compacted clay systems were studied over a broad range of temperatures, combining microscopic diffusion experiments (T ∼ 98 to -23 oC) with macroscopic measurements (T ∼ 70 to 0 oC). Moreover, the freezing behaviour of water in compacted clays and its dynamical properties in the supercooled regime were also investigated using microscopic techniques such as neutron scattering, time of flight and backscattering techniques. Such knowledge contributes to develop simplified models for water (and possibly also solute) transport through clays, as they will be used to assess the performance of radioactive waste repositories. From this point of view, it can be beneficial for the safety of radioactive waste repositories and thus the protection of the environment
Water diffusion through compacted clays analyzed by neutron scattering and tracer experiments
Gonzalez Sanchez, F
2007-11-15
samples using various methodologies to better interpret the dynamic results. Parameters such as particle size, layer spacing, chemical composition, external and total surfaces and porosity were determined. The fundamental transport processes in compacted clay systems were studied over a broad range of temperatures, combining microscopic diffusion experiments (T {approx} 98 to -23 {sup o}C) with macroscopic measurements (T {approx} 70 to 0 {sup o}C). Moreover, the freezing behaviour of water in compacted clays and its dynamical properties in the supercooled regime were also investigated using microscopic techniques such as neutron scattering, time of flight and backscattering techniques. Such knowledge contributes to develop simplified models for water (and possibly also solute) transport through clays, as they will be used to assess the performance of radioactive waste repositories. From this point of view, it can be beneficial for the safety of radioactive waste repositories and thus the protection of the environment.
A method of surface alloying treatment has been developed: Ni powders were welded into the surface of iron plates by Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT), followed by annealing at certain temperature for 30 min. A Ni-Fe alloy layer with thickness about 100 μm in the sample surface was fabricated on pure iron plate. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), glow discharge spectrum (GDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) methods were used to analyze the microstructure, the composition and the phases of the alloy layer. Studies on the interface microstructure indicated that there was significant atomic diffusion and formation of multilayer of intermetallic compound and solid solution in SMAT process. Subsequent annealing accelerates the alloying process. The corrosion test shows the sample by SMAT treated with Ni powders exhibit the best corrosion resistance.
Thousand and one ways to quantify and compare protein abundances in label-free bottom-up proteomics.
Blein-Nicolas, Mélisande; Zivy, Michel
2016-08-01
How to process and analyze MS data to quantify and statistically compare protein abundances in bottom-up proteomics has been an open debate for nearly fifteen years. Two main approaches are generally used: the first is based on spectral data generated during the process of identification (e.g. peptide counting, spectral counting), while the second makes use of extracted ion currents to quantify chromatographic peaks and infer protein abundances based on peptide quantification. These two approaches actually refer to multiple methods which have been developed during the last decade, but were submitted to deep evaluations only recently. In this paper, we compiled these different methods as exhaustively as possible. We also summarized the way they address the different problems raised by bottom-up protein quantification such as normalization, the presence of shared peptides, unequal peptide measurability and missing data. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Plant Proteomics- a bridge between fundamental processes and crop production, edited by Dr. Hans-Peter Mock. PMID:26947242
Analyzing business process management
Skjæveland, Børge
2013-01-01
Within the Oil & Gas Industry, the market is constantly growing more competitive, forcing companies to continually adapt to changes. Companies need to cut costs and improve the business efficiency. One way of successfully managing these challenges is to implement business process management in the organization. This thesis will analyze how Oceaneering Asset Integrity AS handled the implementation of a Business Process Management System and the effects it had on the employees. The main goal...
The well-known power line transmission method often implemented on consumer applications has also proven its capacity for data exchange in severe environments and wire number limitation. An other application is for the remote control of the maintenance engines of the ITER reactor. A mock-up was initially designed and experimented to transfer digital data from slow timing access sensors to a distant control room. Data was transferred using a FSK (Frequency Shift Keying) protocol with frequencies chosen in order to minimize distortion due to severe environment (250 kHz for logical high state and 125 kHz for low state). As the modulated signal was too weak to be mixed with the supply voltage for power line transmission, a power stage using push-pull and OPA was added to deliver enough current to modulate the supply voltage and limit the switching distortion. To increase the effect of wires limitation and simplified the signal, the clock signal was integrated to the data signal. Many protocols can be found in the literature. But the one used here, and yet present on other nuclear developments, converts digital signals as PWM (Pulse Wave Modulation) signals. The full mock-up was then submitted to various long term tests at high temperature (80 oC to 150 oC). A great stability was observed for all the signals (clock, FSK and PWM signals, power line signal). Neither supply nor modulated signals did present any failure state while line was differently loaded. To complete the data link, a demodulation module was finally realised with modules similar to those described here, the underlying goal being to export these developments to embedded actuators. To validate the principle, a prototype was realised and irradiated to 60Co high dose rate environment (5 to 8 kGy/h). Results were valid for a data transmission below a dose of 3 MGy. From this threshold, failures occurred into some electronic components. The functionality of the data transmission can be recovered by changing
梁云; 雷红; 左小德
2013-01-01
本文分析存在产品替代策略的情况下,闲环供应链在有限产能及废旧物品回收数量有限条件下的最优定价策略,分别得出四种不同情形下的最优定价策略与利润情况.同时,分析产能限制及废旧物品回收数量限制两个条件对最优定价决策与利润水平的影响,并通过数值试验进行验证.%This paper adopts product substitution strategy to analyze the optimal pricing strategies of closed-loop supply chains with capacity and used product collecting volume constraints. The optimal pricing schemes and profit levels are also calculated under four circumstances. Moreover, this paper discusses the influence of the above two constraints on optimal pricing strategies. Finally, numerical experiments are adopted to test the theoretical analysis. There are two kinds of products in a remanufacturing closed-loop supply chain: new product and remanufactured product. Although both products have similar functions, customers have higher quality perception for new products than re-manufactured products because of production cost and durability factors. Sometimes, a manufacturer needs to provide customers with new products for the price of remanufactured products because the latter products are out of stock. In general, customers are receptive to the substitution effect. Capacity constraint of the manufactureralso plays an important role in the pricing strategy for a supply chain because new products and remanufactured products consume same labor, machine hours and other resources. When a manufacturer's capacity cannot satisfy all demands of both products, the capacity allocation decision becomes important because it can affect profit of supply chain members. With the assumptions of one way substitution and capacity strategy, mathematical models are set up to explore pricing strategies in the closed-loop supply chain. This study also considers the relationship between new product ' s sales amount and
Highlights: • A calibration method for the transmission function of modern XPS analyser is shown. • This method can be applied to any soft X-ray photoemission setup. • Ray tracing calculations well agree with experimental results. • A fine calibration is carried out through variable photon energy XPS. • An escape depth correction must be included in the calibration process. - Abstract: In order to achieve the most accurate quantification results in an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) experiment, a fine calibration of the analyzer response is required. In this work an experimental characterization of a modern angle-resolved analyzer, carried out with a unfocused and a highly collimated synchrotron source, is shown. The transmission function is extrapolated from the discrepancy between experimental and theoretically predicted XPS peak areas; the influence of different sensitivity factors and of the escape depth correction on the expected values is also discussed. The analyzer response and the theoretical approach are then tested against energy dispersive XPS measurements (EDXPS). These results are finally compared with TF calculated on the basis of an high accuracy electron ray tracing code, also described in this work
One way to Lorentz's Transformations
Bessonov, E G
2012-01-01
The derivation of Lorentz Transformations (LT) based on the Principle of Relativity and dependence of the rate of clocks tick (time dilation) on their velocity is presented. The analysis of different ways of the LT derivation allows to look at LT and their consequences from different standpoints, to make them more accessible to a wide circle of readers interested in the relativistic physics.
Raschke RA
2012-01-01
We report the case of a patient who suffered fatal cardiopulmonary effects of a mobile blood clot adherent to the internal orifice of her tracheostomy tube. We believe the clot acted as a one-way valve, leading to dynamic hyperinflation and elevated intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure (iPEEP). This complication of a tracheostomy tube was suggested by clinical findings of expiratory wheezing, hypotension, increasing peak inspiratory pressure, and unusual but distinctive radiographic fin...
Nguyen, Hannah Thuy Thi
2013-01-01
Despite the high prevalence of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among first-generation Vietnamese Americans, their underutilization of mental health services continues to persist. The question of how culturally sensitive mental health services can be delivered to engage this population effectively in treatment has been a key issue for disparities research for the past several decades. Ample literature has identified individual, sociocultural and structural factors that influenc...
Barz, Stefanie
2015-04-01
Quantum physics has revolutionized our understanding of information processing and enables computational speed-ups that are unattainable using classical computers. This tutorial reviews the fundamental tools of photonic quantum information processing. The basics of theoretical quantum computing are presented and the quantum circuit model as well as measurement-based models of quantum computing are introduced. Furthermore, it is shown how these concepts can be implemented experimentally using photonic qubits, where information is encoded in the photons’ polarization.
Wang, Chenyu; Nair, Sithara S; Veeravalli, Sharon; Moseh, Patricia; Wynne, Kenneth J
2016-06-01
-temperature end (slippery surface) but became pinned at the low-temperature end (sticky surface) and did not move when the slide was rotated 180°. The surface was therefore a "one-way street" for water droplet flow. Theory provides fundamental understanding for slippery/sticky behavior for gradient S-PDMS and Pt-PDMS coatings. A model for network formation is based on hydrosilylation at high temperature and condensation curing of Si-OH from autoxidation of Si-H at low temperatures. In summary, network formation conditions strongly affect receding contact angles and water adhesion for Sylgard 184 and the filler-free mimic Pt-PDMS. These findings suggest careful control of curing conditions is important to silicones used in microfluidic devices or as biomedical materials. Network-forming conditions also impact bulk mechanical properties for Sylgard 184, but the range that can be obtained has not been critically examined for specific applications. PMID:27175918
Srinet, Prateek; Van Daele, Douglas J; Adam, Stewart I; Burrell, Morton I; Aronberg, Ryan; Leder, Steven B
2015-12-01
The aim of this prospective, consecutive, cohort study was to investigate the biomechanical effects, if any, of the Blom low profile voice inner cannula and Passy-Muir one-way tracheotomy tube speaking valves on movement of the hyoid bone and larynx during swallowing. Ten adult patients (8 male, 2 female) with an age range of 61-89 years (mean 71 years) participated. Criteria for inclusion were ≥18 years of age, English speaking, and ability to tolerate both changing to a Blom tracheotomy tube and placement of a one-way tracheotomy tube speaking valve with a fully deflated tracheotomy tube cuff. Digitized videofluoroscopic swallow studies were performed at 30 frames/s and with each patient seated upright in the lateral plane. A total of 18 swallows (three each with 5 cc bolus volumes of single contrast barium and puree + barium × 3 conditions) were analyzed for each participant. Variables evaluated included larynx-to-hyoid bone excursion (mm), maximum hyoid bone displacement (mm), and aspiration status under three randomized conditions: 1. Tracheotomy tube open with no inner cannula; 2. Tracheotomy tube with Blom valve; and 3. Tracheotomy tube with Passy-Muir valve. Blinded reliability testing with a Pearson product moment correlation was performed on 20 % of the data. Intra- and inter-rater reliability for combined measurements of larynx-to-hyoid bone excursion and maximum hyoid bone displacement was r = 0.98. Intra- and inter-rater reliability for aspiration status was 100 %. No significant differences (p > 0.05) were found for larynx-to-hyoid bone excursion and maximum hyoid bone displacement during swallowing based upon an open tracheotomy tube, Blom valve, or Passy-Muir valve. Aspiration status was identical for all three randomized conditions. The presence of a one-way tracheotomy tube speaking valve did not significantly alter two important components of normal pharyngeal swallow biomechanics, i.e., hyoid bone and laryngeal movements
Eyderman, Sergey; Kuzmiak, Vladimír; Vanwolleghem, M.
Vol. 7713. Belingham: SPIE, 2010 - (Miguez, H.; Romanov, S.; Andreani, L.; Seassal, C.), 77130P1-44130P12 ISBN 978-0-8194-8186-3. ISSN 0277-786X. [Conference on Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices IX. Brussels (BE), 12.04.2010-15.04.2010] R&D Projects: GA MŠk MEB020826; GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/0046 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20670512 Keywords : one-way electromegnetic waveguide * magneto -optic photonic crystal * surface plasmon polarirton Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Kuzmiak, Vladimír; Eyderman, Sergey; Vanwolleghem, M.
Vol. 13. NEW YORK: IEEE, 2011 - (Jaworski, M.; Marciniak, M.), s. 1-4 ISBN 978-1-4577-0880-0. [13th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON). Stockholm (SE), 26.06.2011-30.06.2011] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP205/10/0046; GA MŠk OC09060 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20670512 Keywords : one-way electromegnetic waveguide * magneto -optic photonic crystal * surface plasmon polarirton Subject RIV: JA - Electronics ; Optoelectronics, Electrical Engineering
Eric V. Bindah
2012-11-01
Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to examine the differences in age and gender among the various types of family communication patterns that takes place at home among young adult consumers. It is also an attempt to examine if there are differences in age and gender on the development of materialistic values in Malaysia. This paper briefly conceptualizes the family communication processes based on existing literature to illustrate the association between family communication patterns and materialism. This study takes place in Malaysia, a country in the Southeast Asia embracing a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society. Preliminary statistical procedures were employed to examine possible significant group differences in family communication and materialism based on various age group and gender among Malaysian consumers. A one-way analysis of variance was utilised to determine the significant differences in terms of age and gender with respect to their responses on the various measures. When there were significant differences, Post Hoc Tests (Scheffe were used to determine the particular groups which differed significantly within a significant overall one-way analysis of variance. The implications, significance and limitations of the study are discussed as a concluding remark.
Khe, A. K.; Cherevko, A. A.; Chupakhin, A. P.; Bobkova, M. S.; Krivoshapkin, A. L.; Orlov, K. Yu
2016-06-01
In this paper a computer simulation of a blood flow in cerebral vessels with a giant saccular aneurysm at the bifurcation of the basilar artery is performed. The modelling is based on patient-specific clinical data (both flow domain geometry and boundary conditions for the inlets and outlets). The hydrodynamic and mechanical parameters are calculated in the frameworks of three models: rigid-wall assumption, one-way FSI approach, and full (two-way) hydroelastic model. A comparison of the numerical solutions shows that mutual fluid- solid interaction can result in qualitative changes in the structure of the fluid flow. Other characteristics of the flow (pressure, stress, strain and displacement) qualitatively agree with each other in different approaches. However, the quantitative comparison shows that accounting for the flow-vessel interaction, in general, decreases the absolute values of these parameters. Solving of the hydroelasticity problem gives a more detailed solution at a cost of highly increased computational time.
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) through its Technical Committee CEN/TC-350 is developing a series of standards for assessing the building sustainability, at both product and building levels. The practical application of the selection (decision making) of structural alternatives made by one-way slabs leads to an intermediate level between the product and the building. Thus the present study addresses this problem of decision making, following the CEN guidelines and incorporating relevant aspects of architectural design into residential construction. A life cycle assessment (LCA) is developed in order to obtain valid information for the decision making process (the LCA was developed applying CML methodology although Ecoindicator99 was used in order to facilitate the comparison of the values); this information (the carbon footprint values) is contrasted with other databases and with the information from the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) of one of the lightening materials (expanded polystyrene), in order to validate the results. Solutions of different column disposition and geometries are evaluated in the three pillars of sustainable construction on residential construction: social, economic and environmental. The quantitative analysis of the variables used in this study enables and facilitates an objective comparison in the design stage by a responsible technician; the application of the proposed methodology reduces the possible solutions to be evaluated by the expert to 12.22% of the options in the case of low values of the column index and to 26.67% for the highest values. - Highlights: • Methodology for selection of structural alternatives in buildings with one-way slabs • Adapted to CEN guidelines (CEN/TC-350) for assessing the building sustainability • LCA is developed in order to obtain valid information for the decision making process. • Results validated comparing carbon footprint, databases and Env. Product Declarations
Fraile-Garcia, Esteban, E-mail: esteban.fraile@unirioja.es [University of La Rioja, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Spain); Ferreiro-Cabello, Javier, E-mail: javier.ferreiro@unirioja.es [University of La Rioja, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Spain); Qualiberica S.L. (Spain); Martinez-Camara, Eduardo, E-mail: eduardo.martinezc@unirioja.es [University of La Rioja, Department of Mechanical Engineering (Spain); Jimenez-Macias, Emilio, E-mail: emilio.jimenez@unirioja.es [University of La Rioja, Department of Electrical Engineering (Spain)
2015-11-15
The European Committee for Standardization (CEN) through its Technical Committee CEN/TC-350 is developing a series of standards for assessing the building sustainability, at both product and building levels. The practical application of the selection (decision making) of structural alternatives made by one-way slabs leads to an intermediate level between the product and the building. Thus the present study addresses this problem of decision making, following the CEN guidelines and incorporating relevant aspects of architectural design into residential construction. A life cycle assessment (LCA) is developed in order to obtain valid information for the decision making process (the LCA was developed applying CML methodology although Ecoindicator99 was used in order to facilitate the comparison of the values); this information (the carbon footprint values) is contrasted with other databases and with the information from the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) of one of the lightening materials (expanded polystyrene), in order to validate the results. Solutions of different column disposition and geometries are evaluated in the three pillars of sustainable construction on residential construction: social, economic and environmental. The quantitative analysis of the variables used in this study enables and facilitates an objective comparison in the design stage by a responsible technician; the application of the proposed methodology reduces the possible solutions to be evaluated by the expert to 12.22% of the options in the case of low values of the column index and to 26.67% for the highest values. - Highlights: • Methodology for selection of structural alternatives in buildings with one-way slabs • Adapted to CEN guidelines (CEN/TC-350) for assessing the building sustainability • LCA is developed in order to obtain valid information for the decision making process. • Results validated comparing carbon footprint, databases and Env. Product Declarations
Coho, William K.; Weiland, Karen J.; VanZandt, David M.
1998-01-01
A space experiment designed to study the behavior of combustion without the gravitational effects of buoyancy was launched aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia on July 1, 1997. The space experiment, designated as Combustion Module-1 (CM-1), was one of several manifested on the Microgravity Sciences Laboratory - 1 (MSL-1) mission. The launch, designated STS-94, had the Spacelab Module as the payload, in which the MSL-1 experiments were conducted by the Shuttle crewmembers. CM-1 was designed to accommodate two different combustion experiments during MSL-1. One experiment, the Structure of Flame Balls at Low Lewis-number experiment (SOFBALL), required gas chromatography analysis to verify the composition of the known, premixed gases prior to combustion, and to determine the remaining reactant and the products resulting from the combustion process in microgravity. A commercial, off-the-shelf, dual-channel micro gas chromatograph was procured and modified to interface with the CM-1 Fluids Supply Package and the CM-1 Combustion Chamber, to accommodate two different carrier gases, each flowing through its own independent column module, to withstand the launch environment of the Space Shuttle, to accept Spacelab electrical power, and to meet the Spacelab flight requirements for electromagnetic interference (EMI) and offgassing. The GC data was down linked to the Marshall Space Flight Center for near-real time analysis, and stored on-orbit for post-flight analysis. The gas chromatograph operated successfully during the entire SOFBALL experiment and collected 309 runs. Because of the constraints imposed upon the gas chromatograph by the CM-1 hardware, system and operations, it was unable to measure the gases to the required accuracy. Future improvements to the system for a re-flight of the SOFBALL experiment are expected to enable the gas chromatograph to meet all the requirements.
Blonder, Ron; Mamlock-Naaman, Rachel; Hofstein, Avi
2008-01-01
This paper describes the implementation of an open-ended inquiry experiment for high-school students, based on gas chromatography (GC). The research focuses on identifying the level of questions that students ask during the GC open inquiry laboratory, and it examines whether implementing the advanced inquiry laboratory opens up new directions for…
Mª Dolores Vivero García
2010-12-01
Full Text Available Ce travail concerne le discours médical sur la dépression. L'analyse de la mise en scène de la circulation des connaissancesdans notre corpus montre que ce discours se fonde sur une doxa scientifique construite comme le lieu d'une circulation. Il prend également appui sur une représentation de la maladie supposéepartagée par les destinataires (les médecins généralistes, si bien que l'énonciation se rattache implicitement à un discours doxique relatif à un certain modèle de la dépression.We analyse medical discourse about depressive disorder. Analyse of representation of knowledge circulation shows that this discourse is based on Doxa as a one-way circulation. It is based in the social representation of depressive disorder supposedly shared by interlocutors, that is to say the general practitioners. The enunciation appears as implicitly connected to discourse of one model of depressive disorder.
Lu, Lu; Li, Guoqiang
2016-06-15
Reversible elongation by cooling and contraction by heating, without the need for repeated programming, is well-known as the two-way shape-memory effect (2W-SME). This behavior is contrary to the common physics-contraction when cooling and expansion when heating. Materials with such behavior may find many applications in real life, such as self-sufficient grippers, fastening devices, optical gratings, soft actuators, and sealant. Here, it is shown that ionomer Surlyn 8940, a 50-year old polymer, exhibits both one-way multishape-memory effects and tunable two-way reversible actuation. The required external tensile stress to trigger the tunable 2W-SME is very low when randomly jumping the temperatures within the melting transition window. With a proper one-time programming, "true" 2W-SME (i.e., 2W-SME without the need for an external tensile load) is also achieved. A long training process is not needed to trigger the tunable 2W-SME. Instead, a proper one-time tensile programming is sufficient to trigger repeated and tunable 2W-SME. Because the 2W-SME of the ionomer Surlyn is driven by the thermally reversible network, here crystallization and melting transitions of the semicrystalline poly(ethylene-co-methacrylic acid), it is believed that a class of thermally reversible polymers should also exhibit tunable 2W-SMEs. PMID:27191832
TGV and NEMO, two international collaboration projects are described. The TGV project deals with the double beta decay of 48Ca. In 1998, this project was augmented with the examination of the double beta decay of 106Cd - the β+β+, β+/EC, and EC/EC modes. The main objective of this experiment consists in recording the 2νEC/EC mode (0+ → 0+, ground state), giving rise to the emission of 2 gamma quanta of roughly 21 keV. The NEMO project deals with 100Mo. The main objective of the NEMO-3 experiment consists in the measurement of the half-life of the neutrinoless double decay of this nuclide (about 1025 years)
Bechtold, Kai-Brit; Abdulai, Awudu
2013-01-01
This study employs a discrete choice experiment to examine preferences for functional dairy product attributes and willingness-to-pay estimates with a focus on heterogeneity among con-sumers in Germany. The intent of this paper is to estimate preference heterogeneity by linking stated preference choice data not only to socioeconomic characteristics but also to attitudinal statements in a latent class framework. The empirical results indicate the existence of class-specific preference heteroge...
Two-dimensional analyzer with dE-dE silicon detectors for cosmic ray experiments in space
Ero, J., Jr.; Kecskemety, K.; Kovacs, T., Jr.; Kozma, G.; Naday, I.; Somogyi, A.; Szabo, L.; t-Szucs, I.; Zarandy, A.
A charged particle semiconductor-telescope, built of totally depleted silicon detectors, (under construction in the Institute for Physics, Budapest), to measure fluxes of 4-30 MeV/AMU protons, alphas, and M nuclei in interplanetary space is discussed. An on-board analyzer system allows simultaneous analysis and recording signals of up to three telescopes, and it consists of analog processing units (APU) and a data acquisition and processing system (DAPS), both of which are shown in block diagrams. Economical coding of information is performed by the DAPS using real time counters for high rate scalars and memory increment type counters for low rate ones.
G. Casula
2008-06-01
Full Text Available The availability of a GPS network of 10-20 km mean size, provides good topographical support for the measurement of ground displacements, even at a local scale such as a landslide. In particular, a series of multitemporal kinematic or rapid-static GPS acquisitions of a landslide allows a good characterization of its displacements if the measurements are referred to a GPS reference network. Nevertheless, a wider network formed by stations located at long distances, for example at several tens of kilometers, characterized by large spacing, can lead to results affected by high noise, degrading the accuracy of final point positions. In order to obtain an adequate GPS reference network, some virtual reference stations (VRSs can be introduced, even if a network refinement based on VRS cannot reach the same accuracy of a real local network. Some experiments, including measurements on a real landslide, have been performed in order to evaluate the performance of this technique. The results point out that the standard deviation of the obtained solutions is about two or three times larger than those which can be reached using a real local network.
夏国伟; 张元芳; 丁强
2004-01-01
Objective: Observing human to mouse one-way mixed lymphocyte culture(xMIC) and the effect of new immunosuppressant-Rapamycin on XMIC. Methods: Mouse splenic lymphocyte were collected and treated by mitomycin as activating cell; Human Peripheral blood lymphocytes(hPBL)were separated and gathered as reacting cell;Mouse splenic lymphocyte and hPBL wee mixed to incubate for 1 week; The researchers designed control 、RPM groups,and experiment(drugs) grup have different concentration. Results: HPBL in the experiment groups (mixed mouse lymphocyte)proliferated obviously, the amount of3 H-TdR in corporation increased evidently( P ＜ 0.05, The mean percentage of CD4, CD8, LgG, LgM positive cells rose markedly. HPBL in the experiment groups less proliferated, the amount of 3H-TdR incorporation declined,RPM' s ic50 (50% inhibition concentration)approximately in 1.5 nmol/L; the mean percentage of CD4, CD8, IgG, IgM positive cells fell obviously. Conclusion: The human to mouse one-way MLC has obvious lymphocyte proliferation. New immunosuppressants-Rapamycin have powerful effete on XMLC.%目的:观察新型免疫抑制剂雷帕霉素(Rapamycin,RPM)对异种单向混合淋巴细胞培养(one-way XMLC)的免疫抑制作用.方法:①无菌采集小鼠脾淋巴细胞,经丝裂毒素处理,作刺激细胞;②取健康成人外周血淋巴细胞(hPBL),作反应细胞;③异种单向混合淋巴细胞培养;④实验分对照组(不用药)、RPM组,实验组(用药组)又分不同药物浓度组.结果:①小鼠脾淋巴细胞明显刺激人外周血淋巴细胞(hPBL)增殖,3H-TdR掺入值(cpm)显著增高(P＜0.05);CD4、CD8、IgG、IgM细胞含量明显升高,有显著差异(P＜0.05).②各实验组的cpm值下降,RPM的IC50(50%有效抑制浓度)≈1.5nmol/L.测定各实验组的CD4,CDB,IgG,IgM细胞含量下降,药物的IC5o与上相似.结论:①人→小鼠单向混合淋巴细胞培养,具有明显细胞增殖反应.②RPM对异种单向混合淋巴细胞培养具有明显
Zhang, Chao; Mao, Yao; Tian, Jing; Li, Zhijun
2015-10-01
Fiber optic gyroscopes (FOG) are getting more and more attention in areas such as stabilization control systems as they are all solid state and have a wide bandwidth. In stabilization systems that require wide bandwidth control, motors are usually used as actuating mechanism for active disturbance restrain. Voice coil motors (VCMs) are usually used in compact stabilization systems that require large torque and fast response. However, AC magnetic field, which can affect the output of FOG due to Faraday effect, will be generated during operation of VCMs. The frequency range affected by the AC magnetic field to the FOG's output is the same as VCMs drive signal frequency range, which is also exactly the stabilization system's working range. Therefore the effect of the AC magnetic field to FOGs must be evaluated to verify the feasibility of a stable system design that uses both FOGs and VCMs. In this article, the basic structure and operating principle of stabilization system is introduced. The influence of AC magnetic field to FOG is theoretically analyzed. The magnetic field generated by VCMs is numerically simulated based on the theory deduction of the magnetic field near energized wires. To verify the influence of the VCM generated magnetic field to the FOGs in practical designs, a simplified random fiber coil model is built for it's hard to accurately test the exact polarize axis's twisting rate in a fiber coil. The influence to the FOG's output of different random coil model is simulated and the result shows a same trend that the influence of the VCM's magnetic field to the FOG is reduced as the distance between the VCM and the FOG increasing. The influence of a VCM to a FOG with the same parameters is experimentally tested. In the Fourier transformed FOG data the same frequency point as the VCM drive signal frequency can be read. The result fit simulated result that as the distance increases, the influence decreases. The amplitude of the frequency point is just
Voisin, N.; Liu, L.; Hejazi, M.; Tesfa, T.; Li, H.; Huang, M.; Liu, Y.; Leung, L. R.
2013-11-01
An integrated model is being developed to advance our understanding of the interactions between human activities, terrestrial system and water cycle, and to evaluate how system interactions will be affected by a changing climate at the regional scale. As a first step towards that goal, a global integrated assessment model, which includes a water-demand model driven by socioeconomics at regional and global scales, is coupled in a one-way fashion with a land surface hydrology-routing-water resources management model. To reconcile the scale differences between the models, a spatial and temporal disaggregation approach is developed to downscale the annual regional water demand simulations into a daily time step and subbasin representation. The model demonstrates reasonable ability to represent the historical flow regulation and water supply over the US Midwest (Missouri, Upper Mississippi, and Ohio river basins). Implications for future flow regulation, water supply, and supply deficit are investigated using climate change projections with the B1 and A2 emission scenarios, which affect both natural flow and water demand. Although natural flow is projected to increase under climate change in both the B1 and A2 scenarios, there is larger uncertainty in the changes of the regulated flow. Over the Ohio and Upper Mississippi river basins, changes in flow regulation are driven by the change in natural flow due to the limited storage capacity. However, both changes in flow and demand have effects on the Missouri River Basin summer regulated flow. Changes in demand are driven by socioeconomic factors, energy and food demands, global markets and prices with rainfed crop demand handled directly by the land surface modeling component. Even though most of the changes in supply deficit (unmet demand) and the actual supply (met demand) are driven primarily by the change in natural flow over the entire region, the integrated framework shows that supply deficit over the Missouri River
Reshetova Anna Yur'evna
2015-03-01
their performance according to the specification on design of the capital construction project, which is an integral part of competitive documentation on purchase execution. With such criteria as “qualification of the participant of competition”, “experience in similar types of works”, “business reputation” and “existence of purchase of the material and other resources necessary for work performance”, with adoption of law on contract system, serious changes didn’t happen. The innovation of the legislation is only that now the customer has to establish minimum / extremely minimum and/or maximum / extremely maximum assessment value according to these criteria in competitive documentation. The assessment of applications will occur in this case according to legislatively certain mathematical formulas of calculation. On the basis of the above, considering a scientific component of this research, it is possible to tell that, despite some changes of an assessment criteria, in general the mechanism of their choice hasn’t been improved.
Benner, William H.
1986-01-01
An oxygen analyzer which identifies and classifies microgram quantities of oxygen in ambient particulate matter and for quantitating organic oxygen in solvent extracts of ambient particulate matter. A sample is pyrolyzed in oxygen-free nitrogen gas (N.sub.2), and the resulting oxygen quantitatively converted to carbon monoxide (CO) by contact with hot granular carbon (C). Two analysis modes are made possible: (1) rapid determination of total pyrolyzable oxygen obtained by decomposing the sample at 1135.degree. C., or (2) temperature-programmed oxygen thermal analysis obtained by heating the sample from room temperature to 1135.degree. C. as a function of time. The analyzer basically comprises a pyrolysis tube containing a bed of granular carbon under N.sub.2, ovens used to heat the carbon and/or decompose the sample, and a non-dispersive infrared CO detector coupled to a mini-computer to quantitate oxygen in the decomposition products and control oven heating.
Clark, G; Allegrini, F; Randol, B M; McComas, D J; Louarn, P
2013-10-01
In this study, we introduce a model to characterize electron scattering in an electrostatic analyzer. We show that electrons between 0.5 and 30 keV scatter from internal surfaces to produce a response up to ~20% of the ideal, unscattered response. We compare our model results to laboratory data from the Jovian Auroral Distribution Experiment-Electron sensor onboard the NASA Juno mission. Our model reproduces the measured energy-angle response of the instrument well. Understanding and quantifying this scattering process is beneficial to the analysis of scientific data as well as future instrument optimization. PMID:24182165
Kohagura, J.; Cho, T.; Hirata, M.; Watanabe, H.; Minami, R.; Numakura, T.; Yoshida, M.; Ito, H.; Tatematsu, Y.; Yatsu, K.; Miyoshi, S.; Ogura, K.; Kondoh, T.; Nishitani, T.; Kwon, M.; England, A. C.
2003-03-01
Under the international fusion cooperating research, 3He neutron detectors in the GAMMA 10 tandem mirror are calibrated by the use of a 252Cf spontaneous fission neutron source (8.96×104 n/s). The calibration experiments are carried out with a "rail system" placed along the magnetic axis of the GAMMA 10 central-cell region, where hot ions in the plasma experiments with the bulk temperatures of ˜10 keV are produced. As compared to a previous neutron monitoring system with a BF3 detector in GAMMA 10, the present 3He systems are designed with about two orders-of-magnitude higher neutron-counting efficiency for analyzing a neutron emissivity from the plasmas in a single plasma discharge alone. Two 3He systems are installed near the middle and the end of the central cell so as to identify the central-cell hot-ion axial profile. The filling pressure of 3He, the effective length, and the diameter of the detector are designed as 5 bar, 300 mm, and 50 mm, respectively. The detector output spectra are carefully analyzed by the use of a preamplifier, a shaping amplifier, as well as a multichannel analyzer for each 3He detector. In the present article, the neutron-counting data from the two 3He detectors due to the on-axis 252Cf scan are interpreted in terms of the d-2 intensity dependence (d being the distance between the detector and the neutron source) as well as the effects of the central-cell magnetic coils and the other machine structural components.
Juliette Martin
2010-06-01
Full Text Available Understanding the mechanisms of protein-protein interaction is a fundamental problem with many practical applications. The fact that different proteins can bind similar partners suggests that convergently evolved binding interfaces are reused in different complexes. A set of protein complexes composed of non-homologous domains interacting with homologous partners at equivalent binding sites was collected in 2006, offering an opportunity to investigate this point. We considered 433 pairs of protein-protein complexes from the ABAC database (AB and AC binary protein complexes sharing a homologous partner A and analyzed the extent of physico-chemical similarity at the atomic and residue level at the protein-protein interface. Homologous partners of the complexes were superimposed using Multiprot, and similar atoms at the interface were quantified using a five class grouping scheme and a distance cut-off. We found that the number of interfacial atoms with similar properties is systematically lower in the non-homologous proteins than in the homologous ones. We assessed the significance of the similarity by bootstrapping the atomic properties at the interfaces. We found that the similarity of binding sites is very significant between homologous proteins, as expected, but generally insignificant between the non-homologous proteins that bind to homologous partners. Furthermore, evolutionarily conserved residues are not colocalized within the binding sites of non-homologous proteins. We could only identify a limited number of cases of structural mimicry at the interface, suggesting that this property is less generic than previously thought. Our results support the hypothesis that different proteins can interact with similar partners using alternate strategies, but do not support convergent evolution.
Höhn Stephanie
2011-12-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Epithelial folding is a common morphogenetic process during the development of multicellular organisms. In metazoans, the biological and biomechanical processes that underlie such three-dimensional (3D developmental events are usually complex and difficult to investigate. Spheroidal green algae of the genus Volvox are uniquely suited as model systems for studying the basic principles of epithelial folding. Volvox embryos begin life inside out and then must turn their spherical cell monolayer outside in to achieve their adult configuration; this process is called 'inversion.' There are two fundamentally different sequences of inversion processes in Volvocaceae: type A and type B. Type A inversion is well studied, but not much is known about type B inversion. How does the embryo of a typical type B inverter, V. globator, turn itself inside out? Results In this study, we investigated the type B inversion of V. globator embryos and focused on the major movement patterns of the cellular monolayer, cell shape changes and changes in the localization of cytoplasmic bridges (CBs connecting the cells. Isolated intact, sectioned and fragmented embryos were analyzed throughout the inversion process using light microscopy, confocal laser scanning microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy techniques. We generated 3D models of the identified cell shapes, including the localizations of CBs. We show how concerted cell-shape changes and concerted changes in the position of cells relative to the CB system cause cell layer movements and turn the spherical cell monolayer inside out. The type B inversion of V. globator is compared to the type A inversion in V. carteri. Conclusions Concerted, spatially and temporally coordinated changes in cellular shapes in conjunction with concerted migration of cells relative to the CB system are the causes of type B inversion in V. globator. Despite significant similarities
S.S. Medley, R. Andre, R.E. Bell, D.S. Darrow, C.W. Domier, E.D. Fredrickson, N.N. Gorelenkov, S.M. Kaye, B.P. LeBlanc, K.C. Lee, F.M. Levinton, D. Liu, N.C. Luhmann, Jr., J.E. Menard, H. Park, D. Stutman, A.L. Roquemore, K. Tritz, H. Yuh and the NSTX Team
2007-11-15
Observations of magneto-hydro-dynamic (MHD) induced redistribution or loss of energetic ions measured using the vertically scanning capability of the Neutral Particle Analyzer diagnostic on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) are presented along with TRANSP and ORBIT code analysis of the results. Although redistribution or loss of energetic ions due to bursting fishbone-like and low-frequency (f ~ 10 kHz) kinktype MHD activity has been reported previously, the primary goal of this work is to study redistribution or loss due to continuous Alfvénic (f ~ 20 – 150 kHz) modes, a topic that heretofore has not been investigated in detail for NSTX plasmas. Initial indications are that the former drive energetic ion loss whereas the continuous Alfvénic modes only cause redistribution and the energetic ions remain confined.
Observations of magneto-hydro-dynamic (MHD) induced redistribution or loss of energetic ions measured using the vertically scanning capability of the Neutral Particle Analyzer diagnostic on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) are presented along with TRANSP and ORBIT code analysis of the results. Although redistribution or loss of energetic ions due to bursting fishbone-like and low-frequency (f ∼ 10 kHz) kinktype MHD activity has been reported previously, the primary goal of this work is to study redistribution or loss due to continuous Alfvenic (f ∼ 20-150 kHz) modes, a topic that heretofore has not been investigated in detail for NSTX plasmas. Initial indications are that the former drive energetic ion loss whereas the continuous Alfvenic modes only cause redistribution and the energetic ions remain confined.
Microfluidic one-way streets for algae
Dunkel, Jorn; Kantsler, Vasily; Polin, Marco; Goldstein, Raymond E.
2012-02-01
Controlling locomotion and transport of microorganisms is a key challenge in the development of future biotechnological applications. Here, we demonstrate the use of optimized microfluidic ratchets to rectify the mean swimming direction in suspensions of the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, which is a promising candidate for the photosynthetic production of hydrogen. To assess the potential of microfluidic barriers for the manipulation of algal swimming, we studied first the scattering of individual C. reinhardtii from solid boundaries. High-speed imaging reveals the surprising result that these quasi-spherical ``puller''-type microswimmers primarily interact with surfaces via direct flagellar contact, whereas hydrodynamic effects play a subordinate role. A minimal theoretical model, based on run-and-turn motion and the experimentally measured surface-scattering law, predicts the existence of optimal wedge-shaped ratchets that maximize rectification of initially uniform suspensions. We confirm this prediction in experimental measurements with different geometries. Since the mechano-elastic properties of eukaryotic flagella are conserved across many genera, we expect that our results and methods are applicable to a broad class of biflagellate microorganisms.
Marselis, Randi; Schütze, Laura Maria
2013-01-01
, Twitter, Flickr as well as the museum’s blog to reach migrant communities in order to collect and share information and stories related to photographs of postcolonial migrants. Through combining these different social media with promotion of the related offline photo exhibition in print media, the museum...
Secure one-way interactive communication
Aggarwal, Abhinav; Dani, Varsha; Hayes, Thomas; Saia, Jared
2016-01-01
Alice and Bob are connected via a two-way binary channel. This paper describes an algorithm to enable Alice to send a message to Bob when 1) an oblivious adversary flips an unknown number of bits, $T$, on the channel; and 2) the message length $L$, and a desired error probability, $\\epsilon$ are public knowledge. With probability at least $1-\\epsilon$, our algorithm ensures that Bob receives the correct message, and that Alice and Bob terminate after sending a total of $L + O \\left( T + \\min ...
Preserved amplitude migration based on the one way wave equation in the angle domain%基于单程波方程的角度域保幅偏移
叶月明; 李振春; 徐秀刚; 朱绪峰; 仝兆岐
2009-01-01
Traditional pre-stack depth migration can only provide subsurface structural information. However, simple structure information is insufficient for petroleum 'exploration which also needs amplitude information proportional to reflection coeffi.cients. In recent years, pre-stack depth migration algorithms which preserve amplitudes and based on the one-way wave equation have been developed. Using the method in the shot domain requires a de.convolution imaging condition which produces some instability in areas with complicated structure and dramatic lateral variation in velocity. Depth migration with preserved amplitude based on the angle domain can overcome the instability of the one-way wave migration imaging condition with preserved amplitude. It can also offer provide velocity analysis in the angle domain of common imaging point gathers. In this paper, based on the foundation of the one-way wave continuation operator with preserved amplitude, we realized the preserved amplitude prestack depth migration in the angle domain. Models and real data validate the accuracy of the method.
Bennetzen, Martin V; Cox, Jürgen; Mann, Matthias; Andersen, Jens S.
2012-01-01
Phosphoproteomic experiments are routinely conducted in laboratories worldwide, and because of the fast development of mass spectrometric techniques and efficient phosphopeptide enrichment methods, researchers frequently end up having lists with tens of thousands of phosphorylation sites for...... sets that have been subjected to kinase prediction using the previously published NetworKIN algorithm. NetworKIN applies sophisticated linear motif analysis and contextual network modeling to obtain kinase-substrate associations with high accuracy and sensitivity. PhosphoSiteAnalyzer provides an...
张健; 索丽生; 胡建永; 马世波
2011-01-01
Arrangement of one-way surge tank that is an effective measure for water hammer control is crucial to the safety of long-distance water-supply project.This paper establishes a general framework of theoretical analysis and numerical optimization for the tank arrangement by using water hammer analysis with a criterion of avoiding negative pressure during operation.A general rule of arrangement on long-distance water-supply pipeline under different conditions is proposed, and the relationship between tank location and tank height is demonstrated.Application of numerical simulation aiming at arrangement optimization to a practical project suggests that the proposed framework provides an effective approach for the design of one-way surge tank.%单向塔作为长距离有压供水工程重要的水锤防护措施,其合理布置涉及到工程运行安全.本文以水锤分析为基础,在确保管道运行不出现负压的前提下,构建了单向塔布置的理论分析和数值优化总体框架,明确了多个串联单向塔的设置位置与高度的关系,提出了不同工况下长距离供水管线中设置单向塔应满足的通用准则,同时结合工程实例,通过数值仿真进行了单向塔布置方案的优化,为长距离供水管道中单向塔的合理布置提供了科学依据.
雷路路; 沈继忠; 董利达
2011-01-01
A one-way hash function-based key management scheme for WirelessHART networks is proposed, which ensures forward and backward secrety and provides broadcast authentication and key renewal strategy after node being captured. Double hash key chains are used to realize broadcast authentication for key renewal and to solve the problem that the renewal times of the whole network share keys are limited. Broadcast and unicast communications are combined to enforce the reliability of key renewal in WirelessHART networks. Compared with the existing key management scheme for WirelessHART networks, the proposed scheme improves the network's security and reduces the network's communication energy consumption without increasing the computing energy consumption and memory overhead.%为保证WirelessHART网络的前向安全及后向安全,提供密钥更新的广播认证和节点被捕获后的密钥更新策略,提出了一种基于单向散列函数的WirelessHART网络密钥管理方案.引入双散列密钥链实现密钥更新的广播认证,解决了全网共享密钥更新次数受限的问题,结合广播和单播通信执行全网共享密钥更新,增强了密钥更新的可靠性.与现有的WirelessHART网络密钥管理方案相比,在不增加节点计算能耗和存储开销的情况下,提高了WirelessHART网络的安全性,并降低了网络的通信能耗.
Dong, C.; Bougher, S. W.; Ma, Y.; Toth, G.; Lee, Y.; Nagy, A. F.; Tenishev, V.; Pawlowski, D. J.; Meng, X.; Combi, M. R.
2013-12-01
The study of the solar wind interaction with Mars upper atmosphere/ionosphere has triggered a great of interest in recent years. Among the large number of topics in this research area, the investigation of ion escape fluxes has become increasingly important due to its potential impact on the long-term evolution of Mars atmosphere (e.g., loss of water) over its history. In the present work, we adopt the 3-D Mars cold neutral atmosphere profiles (0~300 km) from the newly developed and validated Mars Global Ionosphere Thermosphere Model (M-GITM) and the 3-D hot oxygen profiles (100km~5RM) from the exosphere Monte Carlo model Adaptive Mesh Particle Simulator (AMPS). We apply these 3-D model outputs fields into the 3-D BATS-R-US Mars multi-fluid MHD model (100km~20RM) that can better simulate the interplay between Mars upper atmosphere and solar wind by considering the dynamics of individual ion species. The multi-fluid model solves separate continuity, momentum and energy equations for each ion species (H+, O+, O2+, CO2+). The M-GITM model together with the AMPS exosphere model take into account the effects of solar cycle and seasonal variations on both cold and hot neutral atmospheres, allowing us to investigate the corresponding effects on the Mars upper atmosphere ion escape by using a one-way coupling approach, i.e., both the M-GITM and AMPS model outputs are used as the inputs for the multi-fluid model and M-GITM is used as input into the AMPS exosphere model. The calculations are carried out for selected cases with different nominal solar wind, solar cycle and crustal field orientation conditions. This work has the potential to provide predictions of ion escape rates for comparison to future data to be returned by the MAVEN primary mission (2014-2016) and thereby improve our understanding of present day escape processes. Acknowledgments: The work presented here was supported by NASA grants NNH10CC04C, NNX09AL26G, NSF grant ATM-0535811.
Alexandre Garcia de Lima
2006-04-01
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo é apresentar um mecanismo de válvula unidirecional para substituição do selo de água na drenagem pleural tubular fechada, em ambiente pré-hospitalar, bem como registrar os resultados de seu uso inicial no SAMU-Campinas/SP/Brasil. MÉTODO: Foram realizadas 22 (vinte e duas drenagens pleurais com válvula em doentes vítimas de traumatismo ou pneumotórax espontâneo, todos em ambiente pré-hospitalar, de forma prospectiva, não randomizada. RESULTADOS: O débito total de líquidos através da válvula variou de zero a 1500 ml, com média de 700 ± 87,4 ml, para um tempo de percurso em média de 18 ± 1,1 minutos, variando de 8 a 26 minutos. A frequência cardíaca inicial foi 120 ± 2,7 bpm e final de 100 ± 2 bpm (p 0,00 e a frequência respiratória inicial foi 24 ± 0,8 ipm e o valor final foi de 15 ± 0,3 ipm (p 0,03. Houve apenas duas falhas mecânicas do sistema e uma foi corrigida pela substituição da mesma, trazudindo num índice de sucesso de 95,4% neste trabalho. CONCLUSÃO: Levando em conta exame físico inicial com o exame físico final, bem como pela quantificação de débitos, concluímos que a válvula mostrou-se eficiente e funcionante, e que é segura para o uso em urgências pré-hospitalares.BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to present an one-way valve mechanism to replace the underwater seal for pleural drainage, currently used in the prehospital attendance, as well as document preliminary results of its initial use at SAMUCampinas/ SP/Brasil. METHODS: Twenty two pleural drains with the valve were carried out, all of these in prehospital environment, in patients who suffered thoracic trauma or spontaneous pneumothorax, in a prospective not randomized trial. RESULTS: The total volume output drained through the valve ranged from 0 to 1500 ml, mean 700 ± 87,4 ml, in an average time lag of 18 minutes (± 1,1 minutes - ranging from 8 to 26 minutes. The initial and final
Steele, Glen; Lansdowne, Chatwin; Zucha, Joan; Schlensinger, Adam
2013-01-01
The Soft Decision Analyzer (SDA) is an instrument that combines hardware, firmware, and software to perform realtime closed-loop end-to-end statistical analysis of single- or dual- channel serial digital RF communications systems operating in very low signal-to-noise conditions. As an innovation, the unique SDA capabilities allow it to perform analysis of situations where the receiving communication system slips bits due to low signal-to-noise conditions or experiences constellation rotations resulting in channel polarity in versions or channel assignment swaps. SDA s closed-loop detection allows it to instrument a live system and correlate observations with frame, codeword, and packet losses, as well as Quality of Service (QoS) and Quality of Experience (QoE) events. The SDA s abilities are not confined to performing analysis in low signal-to-noise conditions. Its analysis provides in-depth insight of a communication system s receiver performance in a variety of operating conditions. The SDA incorporates two techniques for identifying slips. The first is an examination of content of the received data stream s relation to the transmitted data content and the second is a direct examination of the receiver s recovered clock signals relative to a reference. Both techniques provide benefits in different ways and allow the communication engineer evaluating test results increased confidence and understanding of receiver performance. Direct examination of data contents is performed by two different data techniques, power correlation or a modified Massey correlation, and can be applied to soft decision data widths 1 to 12 bits wide over a correlation depth ranging from 16 to 512 samples. The SDA detects receiver bit slips within a 4 bits window and can handle systems with up to four quadrants (QPSK, SQPSK, and BPSK systems). The SDA continuously monitors correlation results to characterize slips and quadrant change and is capable of performing analysis even when the
Revsbæk, Line; Pedersen, Lene Tanggaard
2015-01-01
The article presents a notion of “analyzing in the present” as a source of inspiration in analyzing qualitative research materials. The term emerged from extensive listening to interview recordings during everyday commuting to university campus. Paying attention to the way different parts of...... various interviews conveyed diverse significance to the listening researcher at different times became a method of continuously opening up the empirical material in a reflexive, breakdown-oriented process of analysis. We argue that situating analysis in the present of analyzing emphasizes and acknowledges...... contributes to an ongoing methodological conversation problematizing the notion of “data” and the use of “data-reliant” methods of analysis....
Cuna, C; Lupsa, N; Cuna, S; Tuzson, B
2003-01-01
The paper presents the concept of different mass analyzers that were specifically designed as small dimension instruments able to detect with great sensitivity and accuracy the main environmental pollutants. The mass spectrometers are very suited instrument for chemical and isotopic analysis, needed in environmental surveillance. Usually, this is done by sampling the soil, air or water followed by laboratory analysis. To avoid drawbacks caused by sample alteration during the sampling process and transport, the 'in situ' analysis is preferred. Theoretically, any type of mass analyzer can be miniaturized, but some are more appropriate than others. Quadrupole mass filter and trap, magnetic sector, time-of-flight and ion cyclotron mass analyzers can be successfully shrunk, for each of them some performances being sacrificed but we must know which parameters are necessary to be kept unchanged. To satisfy the miniaturization criteria of the analyzer, it is necessary to use asymmetrical geometries, with ion beam obl...
Software Design Analyzer System
Tausworthe, R. C.
1985-01-01
CRISP80 software design analyzer system a set of programs that supports top-down, hierarchic, modular structured design, and programing methodologies. CRISP80 allows for expression of design as picture of program.
杨宏权; 张金伟
2012-01-01
As the development of China economy,the areas such as mine industry,nonferrous industry and chemical industry continue to grow and develop,in which reciprocating piston diaphragm pump used for the transportation of mineral slurry,alumina stripping,chemical reaction furnace feeding has been widely applied.Because of many reasons,the phenomenon like check valve failure and leaking always exist in the equipment,which bring a lot of harm to technical system.The reason for check valve failure was analyzed in this paper and the automatic diagnosing and alarming technology was developed,which can effectively avoid or reduce the harm of check valve failure.%随着我国经济持续增长,国内的矿山、有色、化工等领域不断发展壮大,其中用于矿浆输送、氧化铝溶出、化工反应炉喂料等方面的往复式活塞隔膜泵也得到了大量应用,由于多种原因设备经常会出现单向阀卡阀、泄漏现象,给设备和工艺系统带来很大危害。文章从隔膜泵工作机理方面入手,分析了单向阀故障产生的原因,提出了单向阀故障的自动诊断及报警技术,可以有效避免或减轻单向阀故障带来的危害。
Fragment mass analyzer project
Davids, C.N.; Back, B.B.; Blumenthal, D.J. [and others
1995-08-01
The FMA is now in routine operation, with about half the ATLAS experiments using the instrument. The beam time is split equally between target and focal-plane experiments. New spectroscopy-grade electronics for the FMA implantation system were acquired. This consists of 96 charge-sensitive preamps, 192 Gaussian shaping amplifier/discriminators, 96 channels of high-resolution ADCs, and 96 channels of medium resolution ADCs. This system is currently undergoing commissioning tests, and will be used in future proton radioactivity experiments.
Godec, Richard G.; Kosenka, Paul P.; Smith, Brian D.; Hutte, Richard S.; Webb, Johanna V.; Sauer, Richard L.
1991-01-01
The development and testing of a breadboard version of a highly sensitive total-organic-carbon (TOC) analyzer are reported. Attention is given to the system components including the CO2 sensor, oxidation reactor, acidification module, and the sample-inlet system. Research is reported for an experimental reagentless oxidation reactor, and good results are reported for linearity, sensitivity, and selectivity in the CO2 sensor. The TOC analyzer is developed with gravity-independent components and is designed for minimal additions of chemical reagents. The reagentless oxidation reactor is based on electrolysis and UV photolysis and is shown to be potentially useful. The stability of the breadboard instrument is shown to be good on a day-to-day basis, and the analyzer is capable of 5 sample analyses per day for a period of about 80 days. The instrument can provide accurate TOC and TIC measurements over a concentration range of 20 ppb to 50 ppm C.
List mode multichannel analyzer
Archer, Daniel E.; Luke, S. John; Mauger, G. Joseph; Riot, Vincent J.; Knapp, David A.
2007-08-07
A digital list mode multichannel analyzer (MCA) built around a programmable FPGA device for onboard data analysis and on-the-fly modification of system detection/operating parameters, and capable of collecting and processing data in very small time bins (<1 millisecond) when used in histogramming mode, or in list mode as a list mode MCA.
Centrifugal analyzer development
The development of the centrifuge fast analyzer (CFA) is reviewed. The development of a miniature CFA with computer data analysis is reported and applications for automated diagnostic chemical and hematological assays are discussed. A portable CFA system with microprocessor was adapted for field assays of air and water samples for environmental pollutants, including ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, phosphates, sulfates, and silica. 83 references
The Physics Surrounding the Michelson-Morley Experiment and a New {\\AE}ther Theory
Perez, Israel
2010-01-01
From the customary view the Michelson-Morley experiment is used to expose the failure of the aether theory. The key point in this experiment is the \\emph{fringe shift} of the interference pattern. Regularly, the fringe shift calculations are only presented from the perspective of the inertial frame where the one-way speed of light is anisotropic which gives a partial vision of the problem. In a spirit of revision of these facts we have meticulously analyzed the physics behind them. As a resul...
Analyzed Using Statistical Moments
Diffraction enhanced imaging (DEl) technique is a new x-ray imaging method derived from radiography. The method uses a monorheumetten x-ray beam and introduces an analyzer crystal between an object and a detector Narrow angular acceptance of the analyzer crystal generates an improved contrast over the evaluation radiography. While standart radiography can produce an 'absorption image', DEl produces 'apparent absorption' and 'apparent refraction' images with superior quality. Objects with similar absorption properties may not be distinguished with conventional techniques due to close absorption coefficients. This problem becomes more dominant when an object has scattering properties. A simple approach is introduced to utilize scattered radiation to obtain 'pure absorption' and 'pure refraction' images
Peiró Ibañez, Felipe
2013-01-01
Since it was introduced in the automotive industry, the protocol CAN (Controller Area Network) has been widely used for its benefits. This has led many companies to offer several hardware and software solutions in order to monitor the communications that gives this protocol. The current master thesis presents the Lear CAN Analyzer as a software tool developed within the company LEAR Corporation. It is designed to be used in the automobile industry as a complement or substitute for other co...
Magnetoresistive Emulsion Analyzer
Lin, Gungun; Baraban, Larysa; Han, Luyang; Karnaushenko, Daniil; Makarov, Denys; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio; Schmidt, Oliver G.
2013-01-01
We realize a magnetoresistive emulsion analyzer capable of detection, multiparametric analysis and sorting of ferrofluid-containing nanoliter-droplets. The operation of the device in a cytometric mode provides high throughput and quantitative information about the dimensions and magnetic content of the emulsion. Our method offers important complementarity to conventional optical approaches involving ferrofluids, and paves the way to the development of novel compact tools for diagnostics and n...
Radioisotope analyzer of barium
Principle of operation and construction of radioisotope barium sulphate analyzer type MZB-2 for fast determination of barium sulphate content in barite ores and enrichment products are described. The gauge equipped with Am-241 and a scintillation detector enables measurement of barium sulphate content in prepared samples of barite ores in the range 60% - 100% with the accuracy of 1%. The gauge is used in laboratories of barite mine and ore processing plant. 2 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab. (author)
无
2002-01-01
With the emerging of next generation Intemet protocol (IPv6), it is expected to replace the current version of Internet protocol (IPv4) that will be exhausted in the near future. Besides providing adequate address space, some other new features are included into the new 128 bits of IP such as IP auto configuration, quality of service, simple routing capability, security, mobility and multicasting. The current protocol analyzer will not be able to handle IPv6 packets. This paper will focus on developing protocol analyzer that decodes IPv6 packet. IPv6 protocol analyzer is an application module,which is able to decode the IPv6 packet and provide detail breakdown of the construction of the packet. It has to understand the detail construction of the IPv6, and provide a high level abstraction of bits and bytes of the IPv6 packet.Thus it increases network administrators' understanding of a network protocol,helps he/she in solving protocol related problem in a IPv6 network environment.
Portable pulse height analyzing system
Low power, battery operated, compact Portable Pulse Height Analyzing System/Multi Channel Analyzer (PMCA) has been designed and developed for monitoring the various low activity radioisotopes in situ. PMCA can also be used in mobile radiation monitoring vans, wherein, gamma spectrum data collected at different locations can be stored in the battery backed RAM disk and down-loaded on to the PC via a serial link. Designed primarily for measurement and analysis of isotope activity and for field experiments, it can be used with most of the radiation detectors used for pulse height spectrum analysis. PMCA is built around embedded PC hardware architecture wherein all the cards are made with state of the art technology with extensive use of SMT and ASICS. PMCA provides features comparable with standard laboratory models and enables computation of integral area, background area, net peak area, FWHM, peak centroid and energy calibration in the field. This paper describes Portable Pulse Height Analyzing System with focus on following features: a) Hardware implementation of well-known multi channel analyzer technique using embedded PC hardware architecture. b) Software implementation of spectrum acquisition and analysis using high level language namely, C. (author)
Exhibition - one way to share archaeological heritage with public
Lečbychová, Olga; Kosarová, Zdenka
Wien: Museen der Stadt Wien – Stadtarchäologie, 2015. ISBN N. [Conference on Cultural Heritage and New Technologies /20./. 02.11.2015-04.11.2015, Vienna] R&D Projects: GA MK(CZ) DF12P01OVV010 Keywords : presenting cultural heritage * exhibition * new technologies Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology http://www.chnt.at/program-2015-abstracts/
Observation of one-way Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering
Händchen, V.; Eberle, T.; Steinlechner, S.; Samblowski, A.; Franz, T; Werner, R.; Schnabel, R
2012-01-01
The distinctive non-classical features of quantum physics were first discussed in the seminal paper by A. Einstein, B. Podolsky and N. Rosen (EPR) in 1935. In his immediate response E. Schr\\"odinger introduced the notion of entanglement, now seen as the essential resource in quantum information as well as in quantum metrology. Furthermore he showed that at the core of the EPR argument is a phenomenon which he called steering. In contrast to entanglement and violations of Bell's inequalities, ...
Ants can learn to forage on one-way trails.
Pedro Leite Ribeiro
Full Text Available The trails formed by many ant species between nest and food source are two-way roads on which outgoing and returning workers meet and touch each other all along. The way to get back home, after grasping a food load, is to take the same route on which they have arrived from the nest. In many species such trails are chemically marked by pheromones providing orientation cues for the ants to find their way. Other species rely on their vision and use landmarks as cues. We have developed a method to stop foraging ants from shuttling on two-way trails. The only way to forage is to take two separate roads, as they cannot go back on their steps after arriving at the food or at the nest. The condition qualifies as a problem because all their orientation cues -- chemical, visual or any other -- are disrupted, as all of them cannot but lead the ants back to the route on which they arrived. We have found that workers of the leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens rubropilosa can solve the problem. They could not only find the alternative way, but also used the unidirectional traffic system to forage effectively. We suggest that their ability is an evolutionary consequence of the need to deal with environmental irregularities that cannot be negotiated by means of excessively stereotyped behavior, and that it is but an example of a widespread phenomenon. We also suggest that our method can be adapted to other species, invertebrate and vertebrate, in the study of orientation, memory, perception, learning and communication.
Limitations of Quantum Advice and One-Way Communication
Aaronson, Scott
2004-01-01
Although a quantum state requires exponentially many classical bits to describe, the laws of quantum mechanics impose severe restrictions on how that state can be accessed. This paper shows in three settings that quantum messages have only limited advantages over classical ones. First, we show that BQP/qpoly is contained in PP/poly, where BQP/qpoly is the class of problems solvable in quantum polynomial time, given a polynomial-size "quantum advice state" that depends only on the input length...
One-way quantum identity authentication based on public key
ZHANG XingLan
2009-01-01
Based on public key, a quantum identity authenticated (QIA) system is proposed without quantum entanglement. The public key acts as the authentication key of a user. Following the idea of the classical public key infrastructure (PKI), a trusted center of authentication (CA) is involved. The user selects a public key randomly and CA generates a private key for the user according to his public key. When it is necessary to perform QIA, the user sends a sequence of single photons encoded with its private key and a message to CA. According to the corresponding secret key kept by CA, CA performs the unitary operations on the single photon sequence. At last, the receiver can judge whether the user is an impersonator.
Loss tolerant one-way quantum computation -- a horticultural approach
Varnava, M; Rudolph, T; Varnava, Michael; Browne, Daniel E.; Rudolph, Terry
2005-01-01
We introduce a scheme for fault tolerantly dealing with losses in cluster state computation that can tolerate up to 50% qubit loss. This is achieved passively - no coherent measurements or coherent correction is required. We then use this procedure within a specific linear optical quantum computation proposal to show that: (i) given perfect sources, detector inefficiencies of up to 50% can be tolerated and (ii) given perfect detectors, the purity of the photon source (overlap of the photonic wavefunction with the desired single mode) need only be greater than 66.6% for efficient computation to be possible.
Guns and Fear: A One-Way Street?
Hauser, Will; Kleck, Gary
2013-01-01
Surveys show that more than one half of gun owners report owning their firearm for self-protection. Although research has examined the effect of fear of crime on gun ownership, the issue of reciprocity and temporal order has been largely ignored. Furthermore, the effect of firearm acquisition and relinquishment on fear has not been evaluated…
Monolingual：One Way towards the Integrated Software Development Environment
王振宇
1989-01-01
The software development is considered as step wise abstract-implementation process in software life cycle.This paper presents a monolingual methodology and an embry of MONOL which uses a uniform scheme to describe software development process.