Sample records for american india sai

  1. Solar-energy an American India (SAI) partnership: The Ramakrishna Mission PV Project

    Ullal, H.S.; Stone, J.L. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)


    This paper describes a cooperative program which was established in 1993 by the Minister of the Indian Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES) and the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE). Eventually it fielded one project, funded 50-50 for a total of 500k dollars. The project selected was a sustainable rural economic development initiative with Ramakrishna Mission in West Bengal, India, as the nongovernment organization (NGO). The objectives of the program were to establish the economic viability of photovoltaic power in the Sundarbans region of West Bengal. To have the project self-sustaining with minimal subsidies to the beneficiaries. To establish the infrastructure for financing, training, installation and maintenance with the NGO taking the lead. To work with the NGO to expand utilization of photovoltaics in the region. To perform a before and after social, economic, and environmental impact study with the Tata Energy Research Institute.

  2. Children's Books on India and the Indian-American Experience.

    Singleton Taylor, Gail; Sreenivasan, Jyotsna; Toke, Arun N.


    Lists recommended books that focus on Indians and the Indian-American experience in the United States. Includes folktales, myths, legends, nonfiction, fiction and titles published in India. Suggests how to select titles for classroom or library. (MMU)

  3. "Viola" sai Jaapanis eripreemia


    Eesti Joonisfilmi 3 filmi võistlesid Hiroshima rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil : "Viola" : režissöör Priit Tender, "Armastuse võimalikkusest" : režissöör, stsenarist ja operaator Janno Põldma ja "Porgandite öö" : režissöör Priit Pärn. Neist "Viola" sai žürii eripreemia. Peapreemia sai Kanada "When the Day Breaks" : režissöörid Wendy Tilby ja Amanda Forbis

  4. Soomlase disainitud tool sai preemia


    Isku OY disaineri Tapio Anttila loodud tool Haiku sai rahvusvahelisel disainikonkursil ADEX 2004 mööbli kategoorias Adex Silveri preemia. Mullu sai sama tool Chicago arhitektuuri- ja disainimuuseumi preemia Good Design Award

  5. Jaak Kilmi "Inimkaamera" sai peaauhinna


    Alternatiivfilmide festivalil "Pulss" sai peaauhinna Jaak Kilmi film "Inimkaamera", huumori eripreemia Andres Maimiku ja kollektiivi Suits filmid ja novaatorluse ning originaalsuse eest auhinnati kahte Asko Kase filmi

  6. Animated Dreamsi grand prix' sai film dododest


    Animafilmide festivali "Animated Dreams" (21.-25. XI kinos Sõprus) auhinnasaajad : peaauhinna sai LAV-i "Lugu sellest, kuidas" (autor The Blackheart Gang), Balti- ja Põhjamaade festivali auhinna sai Eesti "Kleit" (Mari-Liis Bassovskaja, Jelena Girlin)

  7. Eesti lastefilm sai UNICEFi auhinna


    A Film Eesti laste lühianimafilm (režissöörid Aina Järvine ja Meelis Arulepp) tunnistati parimaks haridus- ja sotsiaalteemaliseks filmiks 19.-22. aprillini Itaalias toimunud "Cartoons on the Bay" festivalil ja sai Pulcinella auhinna. Praegu luuakse selle filmi tegelastega telesarja

  8. "Ird, K." sai Riias preemia


    7. Balti teatrifestivalil Riias sai Tartu Uue Teatri juht Ivar Põllu auhinna lavastuse "Ird, K." kontseptsiooni ja helikujunduse eest ning näitleja Nero Urke Kaarel Irdi rolli eest. Von Krahli Teatri truppi hinnati aja ja ruumi loova käsitluse eest lavastuses "The End"

  9. Viin sai definitsiooni / Karina Loi

    Loi, Karina


    17. dets. 2007 kiideti põllumajanduse ja kalanduse ministrite nõukogus heaks määrus piiritusjookide määratlemise, kirjeldamise, esitlemise ja märgistamise kohta ja viina definitsioon sai lõpliku kinnituse. Märgistamisreegleid tuleb järgida vastavalt ELi direktiivile 2000/13

  10. Multicolour CCD Photometric Study of Galactic Star Clusters SAI 63 and SAI 75

    R. K. S. Yadav; S. I. Leonova; R. Sagar; E. V. Glushkova


    We present CCD photometric observations obtained in the field of open clusters SAI 63 and SAI 75. CCD optical data obtained for the first time for these clusters are used to derive the fundamental parameters of the clusters. Stellar surface density profile indicates that radii of SAI 63 and SAI 75 are ∼ 3'.5 and 2'.5 respectively. The reddenings ( - ) are 0.44 ± 0.05 and 0.34 ± 0.05 mag for SAI 63 and SAI 75 respectively while the corresponding distances are 2.2 ± 0.2 and 3.5 ± 0.3 kpc. An age of 450 ± 50 Myr for SAI 63 and 90 ± 10 Myr for SAI 75 is determined using the theoretical isochrones of Z = 0.019. Our analysis shows that reddening law is normal towards SAI 75.

  11. Starman sai operaatoritest esimesena ISO-sertifikaadi


    Eesti suurim kaabeltelevisioonioperaator Starman sai esimese Eesti kaabelleviettevõttena kvaliteedijuhtimissertifikaadi, mis ettevõtte klientidele tähendab kinnitust teenindusprotsesside heast tasemest

  12. Can India become an export platform for global operations of Japanese and American multinational corporations affiliates?

    Yamashita, Nobuaki


    This paper examines various indicators of the economic activities of Japanese and American multinational corporation (MNC) affiliates in India compared to the case of China, using the unique affiliate-level data. The study shows that Japanese MNCs in India follow the typical MNC expansion strategy in that rapidly growing emerging economy with a focus on the transport equipment industry, whereas United States counterparts are concentrated more in information technology-related services, thus s...

  13. Priit Tenderi film sai Dresdenis auhinna


    Dresdeni 14. filmifestivali animafilmide kategoorias sai teise preemia Priit Tenderi joonisfilm "Mont Blanc". Peapreemia sai saksa režissööri Jonathan Hodgsoni film "Camouflage". Kolmas oli PÖFFi peaauhinna saanud Stepan Birjukovi "Sossedi". Osales ka Nukufilmis diplomitööna valminud Jelena Girlini "Guff"

  14. Tanel Toom sai UNICA'l pronksi


    66. ülemaailmsel mitteprofessionaalsete filmitegijate festivalil (World Festival of Non-professional Film Makers) Saksamaal Veitshöchheimis sai TPÜ III kursuse tudeng Tanel Toom oma filmiga "2.68" pronksmedali

  15. Working for India or against Islam? Islamophobia in Indian American Lobbies

    Ingrid Therwath


    Full Text Available In the past few years, the Indian American community has gained an unprecedented visibility in the international arena. It is indeed often projected as a model community and now constitutes growing and influential ethnic lobbies in Washington. But, in the face of its sheer division, Islamophobia did provide a unifying force sometimes bigger than the interest of Indian Americans or of their country of origin. Other factors can also be summoned. Among them, a leniency of many post-1965 migrants towards Hindu nationalist ideology and the wish to align with Jewish pressure groups in the context of the war against terrorism and to further the India-Israel-US strategic partnership play a major role in explaining Islamophobic overtones in the Indian American lobbies.

  16. Eesti lühifilm sai erootikapreemia


    Itaalias Montecatini lühifilmide festivalil sai kategoorias "Eros in short films" parima filmi auhinna lühimängufilm "Ring" : stsenaristid : Andrus Tuisk, Urmas Lennuk, Kaur Kender : režissöör Andrus Tuisk : osades Lembit Ulfsak, Merle Palmiste ja Karl Annus : Tuisk Film - Parunid ja Vonid 2004


    The magnetic tape contains the FORTRAN source code, sample input data, and sample output data for the SAI Urban Airshed Model (UAM). The UAM is a 3-dimensional gridded air quality simulation model that is well suited for predicting the spatial and temporal distribution of photoch...

  18. The Indian Copyright (Amendment) Act of 2012 and American Digital Music Exports: Why the United States Should Make Stricter Anti-Circumvention Laws in India an American Diplomatic Priority

    Chaudry, Sahil


    India presents the American music industry with a new frontier. Thanks to the wide distribution of cell phones, an expanding digital infrastructure, and a growing appetite for music entertainment, India has become an important digital music export market for the United States. However, widespread digital piracy has hampered India's potential as ...

  19. Euroopa parimaks filmiks sai Michael Haneke "Valge lint" / Andres Laasik

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016


    Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhindadest: parima filmiauhinna sai Saksamaal Bochumis toimunud tseremoonial Michael Haneke "Valge lint", mille eest Haneke sai ka parima režissööri ja stsenaristi auhinna. Parimaks meesnäitlejaks pärjati Tahar Rahim ("Un Prophete"), parimaks naisnäitlejaks Kate Winslet ("The Reader"), publikupreemia sai Danny Boyle'i "Rentslimiljonär. Ka teistest võitjatest

  20. India.


    In this discussion of India attention is directed to the following: the people; geography; history; government; political conditions; the economy; foreign relations (Pakistan and Bangladesh, China, and the Soviet Union); defense; and the relations between the US and India. In 1983 India's population was estimated at 746 million with an annual growth rate of 2.24%. The infant mortality rate was estimated at 116/1000 in 1984 with a life expectancy of 54.9 years. Although India occupies only 2.4% of the world's land area, it supports nearly 15% of the world's population. 2 major ethnic strains predominate in India: the Aryan in the north and the Dravidian in the south, although the lines between them are blurred. India dominates the South Asian subcontinent geographically. The people of India have had a continuous civilization since about 2500 B.C., when the inhabitants of the Indus River Valley developed an urban culture based on commerce, trade, and, to a lesser degree, agriculture. This civilization declined about 1500 B.C. and Aryan tribes originating in central Asia absorbed parts of its culture as they spread out over the South Asian subcontinent. During the next few centuries, India flourished under several successive empires. The 1st British outpost in South Asia was established in 1619 at Surat on the northwestern coast of India. The British gradually expanded their influence until, by the 1850s, they controlled almost the entire area of present-day India. Independence was attained on August 15, 1947, and India became a dominion within the Commonwealth of Nations with Jawaharlal Nehru as prime minister. According to its constitution, India is a "sovereign socialist secular democratic republic." Like the US, India has a federal form of government, but the central government in India has greater power in relation to its states, and government is patterned after the British parliamentary system. The Congress Party has ruled India since independence with the

  1. Simmul sai Anapas auhinna / Ilona Martson, Andres Laasik

    Martson, Ilona, 1970-


    SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas sai parima meesnäitleja preemia Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda". Videoprogrammi grand prix sai Mikk Ranna animafilm "Sääsk ja hobune", samas märgiti ära ka Mark Soosaare "La Paloma"

  2. Guideline-Directed Medication Use in Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction in India: American College of Cardiology's PINNACLE India Quality Improvement Program.

    Pokharel, Yashashwi; Wei, Jessica; Hira, Ravi S; Kalra, Ankur; Shore, Supriya; Kerkar, Prafulla G; Kumar, Ganesh; Risch, Samantha; Vicera, Veronique; Oetgen, William J; Deswal, Anita; Turakhia, Mintu P; Glusenkamp, Nathan; Virani, Salim S


    Little is known about the use of guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) in outpatients with heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF; ≤40%) in India. Our objective was to understand the use of GDMT in outpatients with HFrEF in India. The Practice Innovation And Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) India Quality Improvement Program (PIQIP) is a registry for cardiovascular quality improvement in India supported by the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Between January 2008 and September 2014, we evaluated documentation of use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs)/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and β-blockers, or both, among outpatients with HFrEF seeking care in 10 centers enrolled in the PIQIP registry. Among 75 639 patients in the PIQIP registry, 34 995 had EF reported, and 15 870 had an EF ≤40%. The mean age was 56 years; 23% were female. Hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, and myocardial infarction were present in 37%, 23%, 27%, and 17%, respectively. Use of ACEIs/ARBs, β-blockers, and both were documented in 33.5%, 34.9%, and 29.6% of patients, respectively. The documentation of GDMT was higher in men, in patients age ≥65 years, and in those with presence of hypertension, diabetes, or coronary artery disease. Documentation of GDMT gradually increased over the study period. Among patients enrolled in the PIQIP registry, about two-thirds of patients with EF ≤40% did not have documented receipt of GDMT. This study is an initial step toward improving adherence to GDMT in India and highlights the feasibility of examining quality of care in HFrEF in a resource-limited setting. PMID:26880649

  3. India.


    In 1988, India's population stood at 817 million, 25% of which was concentrated in urban areas. The annual rate of population growth is 2.01%. Life expectancy is currently 56 years, and infant mortality is 90/1000 live births. Education is compulsory to the age of 14 years, but the adult literacy rate is only 36%. Of the work force of 300 million, 70% are engaged in agriculture, 19% are in industry and commerce, 8% work in the services and government sector, and 3% are employed in transport and communications. India's gross national product currently stands at US$246 billion, with a real growth rate of 1.8% and a per capita income of $313. Although India is a federal republic, its central government has greater power in relation to its states than is the case in the US and there is a parliamentary system. Nonetheless, some states have been revitalizing traditional village councils and introducing grassroots democracy at the village level. A relatively sophisticated industrial base and pool of skilled labor have emerged since India achieved independence, although agriculture remains the crucial economic sector. There was a surge in agricultural production in the late 1960s and early 1970s as a result of the "green revolution" that made India largely self-sufficient in grain production through the use of hybrid seeds, irrigation, and fertilizer. However, failed monsoons and severe drought conditions have created fluctuations in the output of the agricultural sector in recent years. Gradual deregulation of industry and trade is providing increased incentives for foreign trade, and the Indian Government is encouraging collaborations that involve the transfer of high technology. PMID:12177992

  4. Rebane sai loa Sakala keskus lammutada / Ralf-Martin Soe

    Soe, Ralf-Martin


    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 1. nov. lk. 8. Peeter Rebane sai Keskerakonda astumise järel linnavalitsuselt loa lammutada Sakala keskus. Tallinna abilinnapea Kalev Kallo kommentaare. Vt. samas: Kesklinna liiklus tiheneb; IT Kolledzh kolib ära

  5. Viru Vesi sai ISO sertifikaadid / Külli Kriis

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 23. märts lk. 4. AS Viru Vesi sai Eestis teise vee-ettevõttena veevarustuse, kanalisatsiooni ning reoveepuhastuse teenuse pakkumise alal keskkonna- ja kvaliteedijuhtimissüsteemi sertifikaadid

  6. Piilupart Donald sai tähe Hollywoodi kuulsuste alleel


    Walt Disney joonistatud Piilupart ilmus ekraanile esmakordselt 1934. aastal joonisfilmis "Tark tibu". Nüüd sai ka tema Hollywoodi tähtede alleel oma staaritähe Miki-Hiire, Pluuto ja Daisy kõrvale

  7. Kuldse Palmioksa sai film iirlaste iseseisvusvõitlusest / Triin Tael

    Tael, Triin


    Cannes'i filmifestivali võitjad. Kuldse Palmioksa võitis Ken Loachi mängufilm "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind That Shakes the Barley"), Grand Prix' sai prantslase Bruno Dumonti film "Flandria" ("Flandres")

  8. India

    In India, each nuclear reactor site has been provided near surface repositories for low and intermediate level solidified radioactive waste. It is a policy decision to provide such repositories in view of the logistics involved in the transportation of radioactive waste across long distances. Based on the experience gained, the concept of design and development of shallow ground repositories has undergone a steady evolution. Some of the major factors which differentiate current approach from the initial stages relate to, establishment of an adequate buffer zone, between the operational areas and external boundary of the repository, clear isolation of administrative and support facilities from the operational area, provision of areas and equipment for the purpose of decontamination, extensive use of mechanised handling and number of post operational monitoring and other institutional controls for routine surveillance of the facilities

  9. India

    To start nuclear research in India, the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai, was inaugurated in December 1945. The Atomic Energy Act was passed in April 1948 and to exploit the nuclear energy for the nation, the Atomic Energy Commission was constituted in August 1948. The Atomic Energy Commission started the Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay (AEET) in January 1954. All scientists and engineers engaged in the fields of reactor design and development, instrumentation, metallurgy and material science, etc. were transferred along with their respective programme from TIFR to AEET to become an integral part of the newly created AEET. The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was created in August 1954. After the death of H. Bhabha, AEET was renamed as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in January 1967. No university in the country conducted any academic programme in nuclear engineering and science at the time the nuclear energy programme was started in India. In order to meet the manpower requirement for the atomic energy programme, AEET Training School (now called BARC Training School) was set up to train and recruit engineering and science graduates in to the DAE. Right from its inception in 1957, the Training School (TS) programme is of one year duration and continues to be the primary channel for recruiting engineers and scientists in DAE. However, though the TS continues to admit engineering graduates, the requirement for admission to the TS for science students is a post-graduate degree. Also, the TS programme is now called the Orientation Course for Engineering Graduates and Science Post Graduates (OCES) and has been expanded by opening the training schools at various locations for imparting specialized training in chosen areas of interest to DAE. The TS prepares the engineering and science student for the tasks of DAE but, till recently, it was not recognized with the award of any degree. The employees in DAE units used to register with

  10. "Detsembrikuumuse" helirežissöör sai Emmy


    Hollywoodis töötav helirežissöör Solange S. Schwalbe sai septembris Los Angeleses toimunud 2007-2008 Creative Arts Primetime Emmys tseremoonial Emmy minisarja "John Adams" heliefektide eest. Tema meeskond helindas ka meie uue mängufilmi

  11. OÜ Same sai tootearendustoetust / Riina Mägi

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-


    Tabiveres põllu- ja teehooldusmasinaid tootev OÜ Same sai Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse kaudu üle poole miljoni krooni tootearendustoetust, mille abil töötab firma välja uue, senisest paindlikuma ja multifunktsionaalsema ketas-liivapuisturi

  12. Jalaväebrigaad sai 18 Sisu soomukit


    1. jalaväebrigaad sai kätte viis Afganistanis kasutusel olnud soomukit Sisu XA-180 ning kolmteist Hollandist hangitud soomukit Sisu XA-188. 1. jalaväebrigaad on kaitseväe põhimanööverüksus, mis riigikaitse arengukava kohaselt muutub lähitulevikus soomusbrigaadiks

  13. Edgar Valter sai elutööpreemia


    RRis avati näitus 2004. aasta kauneimatest raamatutest, RRi eriauhinna Kuldraamat pälvisid Peeter Mudisti أIllustreeritud Mudist ehk Tobiasؤ, mille kunstnikuks on Peeter Laurits ja lasteraamatutest Piret Mildebergi kirjutatud ja kujundatud أErvin ئ kõikide lemmikؤ, elutöö eest sai auhinna Edgar Valter

  14. The anaphylactoid constituents in Xue-Sai-Tong injection.

    Xiang, Zheng; Qiao, Tie; Xiao, Hang; Kang, Ting-Guo; Dou, Deqiang; Li, Haibo; Kuang, Haixue


    Xue-Sai-Tong injection, a traditional Chinese medicine with total saponins of Sanqi ginseng as active ingredients, has been used for more than 500 years to treat coronary artery disease in China. Anaphylactoid reaction induced by Xue-Sai-Tong injection was one of the main adverse drug reactions which has occurred frequently in recent years. It is of importance to elucidate its anaphylactoid constituents. The in vivo anaphyalctoid tests indicated that the anaphylactoid mediators could be used as indexes to evaluate the anaphylactoid action. Further, the in vitro model based on determining the mediators release from the degranulation of mast cells and RBL-2H3 cells stimulated by Xue-Sai-Tong injection was explored. Mediators released from mast cells and RBL-2H3 cells caused by Xue-Sai-Tong injection were determined by comparison of the methods of fluorospectrophotometry, ELISA, and spectrophotometry, respectively, revealing that the histamine release induced by the Xue-Sai-Tong injection could not be assayed accurately by the method of fluorospectrophotometry because of the interference of saponins and unknown components in the injection. The rat peritoneal mast cell was also not an optimal cell model for determining histamine and β-hexosaminidase release due to the higher spontaneous release ratio during the cell collection. Thus, ELISA determination of the histamine release from RBL-2H3 cells is a suitable in vitro model to assay the anaphylactoid reaction of Xue-Sai-Tong injection. Previously, abnormal hemolysis in some batches of Xue-Sai-Tong injection was observed in the course of their HD₅₀ (half hemolytic dosage) determination. This study further found that injections which exhibited an abnormal hemolysis phenomenon also caused a higher release of the anaphylactoid mediators from RBL-2H3 cells, indicating the HD₅₀ could be an auxiliary index to evaluate anaphylactoid action of the herbal injection indirectly. Research for anaphylactoid components in

  15. Working for India or against Islam? Islamophobia in Indian American Lobbies

    Ingrid Therwath


    In the past few years, the Indian American community has gained an unprecedented visibility in the international arena. It is indeed often projected as a model community and now constitutes growing and influential ethnic lobbies in Washington. But, in the face of its sheer division, Islamophobia did provide a unifying force sometimes bigger than the interest of Indian Americans or of their country of origin. Other factors can also be summoned. Among them, a leniency of many post-1965 migrants...

  16. Comparison of Archean and Phanerozoic granulites: Southern India and North American Appalachians

    Mcsween, Harry Y., Jr.; Kittleson, Roger C.


    Archean granulites at the southern end of the Dharwar craton of India and Phanerozoic granulites in the southern Appalachians of North America share an important characteristic: both show continuous transitions from amphibolite facies rocks to higher grade. This property is highly unusual for granulite terranes, which commonly are bounded by major shears or thrusts. These two terranes thus offer an ideal opportunity to compare petrogenetic models for deep crustal rocks formed in different time periods, which conventional wisdom suggests may have had different thermal profiles. The salient features of the Archean amphibolite-to-granulite transition in southern India have been recently summarized. The observed metamorphic progression reflects increasing temperature and pressure. Conditions for the Phanerozoic amphibolite-to-granulite transition in the southern Appalachians were documented. The following sequence of prograde reactions was observed: kyanite = sillimanite, muscovite = sillimanite + K-feldspar, partial melting of pelites, and hornblende = orthopyroxene + clinopyroxene + garnet. The mineral compositions of low-variance assemblages in mafic and intermediate rocks are almost identical for the two granulite facies assemblages. In light of their different fluid regimes and possible mechanisms for heat flow augmentation, it seems surprising that these Archean and Phanerozoic granulite terranes were apparently metamorphosed under such similar conditions of pressure and temperature. Comparison with other terrains containing continuous amphibolite-to-granulite facies transitions will be necessary before this problem can be addressed.

  17. Are Spanish SAIs Accomplishing Intosai’s Best Practices Code of Transparency and Accountability?



    Full Text Available The International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI is promoting the improvement of information transparency of Supreme Audit Institutions (SAIs. Compliance with a statement of principles of transparency and accountability is intended to convert SAIs into an example of transparency and accountability.This article analyzes whether SAIs have used the Internet as a means to improve the transparency of their actions and the interaction with stakeholders in compliance with INTOSAI’s statement. Results indicate that, although Regional Spanish SAIs have used information and communication technologies (ICTs in improving communication and providing greater access to information, there is still a long way to go.

  18. "India's Rasputin"?: V.K. Krishna Menon and Anglo–American misperceptions of Indian foreign policymaking, 1947–1964

    McGarr, Paul M.


    From 1947 until his political demise in late 1962, Vengalil Krishanan Krishna Menon stood at the forefront of India's international relations. One of Indian Premier Jawaharlal Nehru's closest political confidantes, Menon served variously as India's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, leader of its delegation to the United Nations, self-styled mediator in the Korea, Indo–China, and Suez crises of the 1950s and, from 1957, his country's Defence Minister. Vilified in the West as “India's Ra...

  19. SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys) 2015

    Kapoor, Supriya; Bhatia, Rahul


    This book is a remarkable collection of chapters covering a wider range of topics, including unsupervised text mining, anomaly and Intrusion Detection, Self-reconfiguring Robotics, application of Fuzzy Logic to development aid, Design and Optimization, Context-Aware Reasoning, DNA Sequence Assembly and Multilayer Perceptron Networks. The twenty-one chapters present extended results from the SAI Intelligent Systems Conference (IntelliSys) 2015 and have been selected based on high recommendations during IntelliSys 2015 review process. This book presents innovative research and development carried out presently in fields of knowledge representation and reasoning, machine learning, and particularly in intelligent systems in a more broad sense. It provides state - of - the - art intelligent methods and techniques for solving real world problems along with a vision of the future research.

  20. USA juhtivpoliitik sai süüdistuse pettuses / Neeme Raud

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-


    USA Kongressi vabariiklaste juht Tom DeLay astus ametist tagasi, kuna Texase osariigi Travise maakonna kohus esitas talle süüdistuse seotuse eest Texase valimiskampaania rahastamisskeemiga. Esindajatekoja uueks vabariiklaste juhiks sai Missouri osariigi kongresmen Roy Blunt

  1. Karzai sai vähem kui kolmandiku küsitud rahast / Evelyn Kaldoja

    Kaldoja, Evelyn, 1980-


    Pariisis toimuval Afganistani doonorite konverentsil 50 miljardit dollarit lisaraha nõutanud president Hamid Karzai sai esialgu 14 miljardit dollarit. Välisminister Urmas Paet lubas oma sõnavõtus, et Eesti suurendab oma abi

  2. Pedagoogikaülikoolist sai maailma ühe mainekama teadusorganisatsiooni liige


    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolist sai IEA (International Association for Evaluation of Educational Achievements) liige. IEA uuringute põhjal selgitatakse välja, milliste riikide hariduspoliitikad on edukamad

  3. Marianne Mikko sai Gandhilt küllakutse


    Euroopa Parlamendi liige Marianne Mikko osales India välisministeeriumi riigiministri Anand Sharma kutsel ainsa europarlamendi esindajana rahvusvahelisel konverentsil "Rahu, vägivallatus ja võim", kus esines kõnega "Haridus - eliidile või kõigile?" Allk.: M. V

  4. Arne Niit sai Kuldnõela / Arne Niit ; interv. Valdo Jahilo

    Niit, Arne, 1964-


    Intervjuu rõivadisainer Arne Niiduga, kes sai parima Eesti moekunstniku aastaauhinna Kuldnõela 2000. a. loomingu eest. Väike Kuldnõel, mis on mõeldud noorele disainerile, anti Riina Põldroosile. Kuldnõela auhinna pälvinud moekunstnike loetelu.

  5. Robert Frazure mälestuspuu Sõpruse pargis sai graniitpotil tähistuse / Raivo Feldmann

    Feldmann, Raivo


    Esimese USA suursaadiku sõjajärgses Eestis, Robert Frazure' mälestuspuu sai Sõpruse pargis tähise, vajaliku raha ettevõtmise heaks annetasid Ameerika Suursaatkonna töötajad, nende delegatsioon viibis Põltsamaal Sõpruse pargis toimunud üritusel

  6. Agar pronkssõduriga võitleja sai kanepisuitsetamise eest trahvi / Katrin Rohtla, Siim Randla

    Rohtla, Katrin, 1966-


    Aktiivse pronkssõduri vastasena tuntust kogunud Isamaaliidu liige Kalev Rebane sai Läänemaal Peraküla rannas kanepi suitsetamise eest politseilt 9000 krooni trahvi. Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu liikmed on teinud ettepaneku noormees erakonnast välja arvata. Lisa: Mille eest koostati protokoll?

  7. Uudised : ER annab välja In Spe albumi. Krummi-nimeline preemia. EMA raamatukogu sai annetuse / Tiia Teder

    Teder, Tiia, 1959-


    Eesti Raadio annab välja ans. In Spe CD-plaadi. Ansambli ajaloost, tegevusest. H. Krummi nimelisest kultuuripreemiast. 16. dets. sai EMA raamatukogu kingituseks T. Valjakka noodi- ja raamatukogu. Teistest annetajatest

  8. Rumalus sai päitsed pähe / Sven Mikser, Ants Käärma

    Mikser, Sven, 1973-


    Vastukaja S. Kalbergi art. "Armastus sai päitsed pähe", Järva Teataja 16. juuni 2000, lk. 2. Corrida ärakeelamisest Hispaania päevadel Paides ja loomakaitseseaduse muudatustest. Autor: Keskerakond. ERL. Parlamendisaadik

  9. Stenosis Asymmetry Index (SAI) between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients in the analysis of carotid arteries. A study using CT angiography

    Purpose: Extracranial carotid artery stenosis is accepted as a significant risk factor for cerebrovascular events. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate whether the Stenosis Asymmetry Index (SAI) between carotid arteries (in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients) can be considered a further parameter in the stroke risk stratification. Materials and methods: 60 consecutive symptomatic (males 36; median age 64) patients and 60 non symptomatic patients matched for gender and age, were analyzed using a 40-detector-row CT angiography. Each patient was analyzed by injecting 80 mL of contrast material at a 5 mL/s flow rate. Stenosis degree of 240 carotids was calculated according to NASCET method. For each patient, the ratio between the most severe stenosis and the contralateral was calculated to obtain the SAI. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and ROC curve was also calculated. Results: Results of our study indicate a mean SAI of 1.48 (±0.35 SD) in the asymptomatic group and a mean SAI of 1.69 (±0.53 SD) in the symptomatic group with a statistically significant difference (p value = 0.0204). The multiple logistic regression analysis did not find statistically significant association between SAI and symptoms. The ROC curve analysis indicated that an SAI value of 1.8 has a specificity of 84.31% presence of cerebral symptoms whereas using a 1.2 SAI we obtained a sensitivity of 88.24%. Conclusion: Results of our study suggest that a SAI > 1.8 has a good sensitivity in identifying the association with cerebrovascular events.

  10. Establishing strategic alliance among hospitals through SAIS: a case study in Taiwan.

    Hung, Won-Fu; Hwang, Hsin-Ginn; Liao, Chechen


    Due to a reformed healthcare insurance system and a gradually decreasing public affairs' budget by the government year by year, Central Taiwan Office (CTO), the Department of Health (DOH) in Taiwan, initiated a strategic alliance project of the hospitals subordinated to the DOH in November, 2001. This project was a five-year plan with an attempt to expand and develop three more strategic alliances covering the northern, southern and eastern regions of Taiwan respectively. Through a cooperative system, such an alliance allows the following: resource sharing, technique collaboration, marketing affiliations and so on. In order to decrease operation management costs and improve the quality of service at hospitals, the strategic alliance practice is supported by IS. We call this alignment the IS-enabled strategic alliance. All the IS-enabled functions are supported by the Strategic Alliance Information System (SAIS). In this article, the SAIS developed by the CTO of the DOH is introduced. PMID:18048210

  11. Rain Simmul sai mehise näitleja auhinna / Lauri Kärk

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-


    Bakuu rahvusvaheline filmilmifestival "Ida-Lääs", kus Rain Simmul sai oma rolli eest Arvo Iho filmis "Karu süda" diplomi. Näidati ka Peeter Simmi mängufilmi "Head käed" ja Andres Maimiku - Jaak Kilmi tõsielufilmi "Isamaa ilu". "Karu süda" on saanud ka Jack Londoni nimelise parima stsenaariumiga filmi auhinna California filmifestivalil Wine Country

  12. Hästi restaureeritud raekoda sai Euroopast kõrge tunnustuse / Askur Alas

    Alas, Askur, 1973-


    Tallinna raekoda sai Euroopa Liidu ja Euroopa pärandkultuuri organisatsiooni Europa Nostra kultuuripärandi medali. Europa Nostra nõukogu liikme Karin Hallas-Murula sõnul arvestatakse auhindade jagamisel nii mälestise säilitamist kui ka kasutamist tänapäeval. Mainekas auhind on tunnustus Teddy Böcklerile, kellele raekoja restaureerimine oli elutööks. Lisatud Europa Nostra peapreemiad

  13. India's "Democracy"


    @@ Dao: After independence, India basically inherited the political system set up by British colonial rule. After half century's transformation, a "democratic" political system with "India's characteristics" has gradually taken shape in India.

  14. Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini, including the first records in Paraguay

    Sergio D. Ríos Díaz


    Full Text Available Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini, including the first records in Paraguay. This paper provides comments on the subspecific taxonomy and geographic distribution of Sais rosalia (Cramer, 1779 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini, as well as an up-to-date distributional map, complemented with unpublished distributional data based on specimens deposited in the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus S. Moure, Curitiba, Brazil and the Museo de Historia Natural, Lima, Peru. The following synonyms are proposed: Sais rosalia camariensis Haensch, 1905 syn. rev. as junior subjective synonym of Papilio rosalia Cramer, 1779 and Sais rosalia brasiliensis Talbot, 1928 syn. rev. as junior subjective synonym of Sais rosalia rosalinde Weymer, 1890. Additionally, the first country records of Sais rosalia in Paraguay, including the southernmost record of the species, are documented.

  15. 接受美学视野中的靳羽西及其文化意义%Yue-Sai Kan and the Cultural Significance From the Perspective of Acceptance Aesthetics

    何世剑; 程慧雯


    靳羽西是世界知名的美籍华裔电视节目主持人、畅销书作家、优秀企业家及社会活动家。她的成功,在文化学、社会学、传播学及美学等领域中均有重要的认识价值。从“接受美学”的视角来看,靳羽西作为文化名人,其成功既有“童心”品性,也离不开社会、时代的“召唤”。她的出现及其在美容、服饰、时尚等方面的文化引领,恰好满足了思想解放和文化觉醒后的中国受众对“异质文化”的诉求及对“审美文化”“个性文化”的期待。%Yue-Sai Kan is a Chinese-American woman, a famous TV hostess, best-selling author, outstanding entrepreneur and social activist around the world.Her success is of great value of cognition in the field of culture, sociology, communication and aesthetics.From the perspective of acceptance aesthetics, as a cultural celebrity, Yue-Sai Kan’ s success lies in both her innocence character and the call of social era.The occurance of Yue-Sai Kan and her leading position in the aspects of beauty, apparel and fashion just satisfied the thought liberation and the demand of “heterogenous cultures” and the demand of “aesthetic culture,” “personality culture” for Chinese audience after the period of cultural awakening.

  16. Isotopes of uranium in the waters of mine tailings Kadzhi-Sai

    Ilona Matveyeva


    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of the determination of uranium isotopes in the water objects of the region Kadzhi-Sai, where former uranium mine, concentrating plant and tailing with a total volume of 400,000 m3 are located. Determination of uranium isotopes was done by alpha-spectrometry method with previous radiochemical preparation (coprecipitation on iron hydroxide, extraction with tributyl phosphate and electrodeposition on stainless steel disk on alpha-spectrometer of «Canberra». On the basis of experimental data, the ratios of uranium-234 to uranium-238 were calculated, uranium isotope chart of determination of genetic composition of water were built and investigated. During the work three genetic types of waters were established: waters of deep circulation, waters of uranium anomalies draining tailing, and waters of active water exchange of the region. Their mixing proportions in the investigated water sources were calculated. It was found that drinking waters of Kadzhi-Sai village consist of only 5-7% of waters enriched by uranium; the major part (60-80% is waters of deep circulation.

  17. India on film, 1939-1947

    Osborne, Richard


    This chapter examines documentary films made about India during the period 1939-47. It contrasts the output of the official Indian film organisations Film Advisory Board and Information Films of India, with films produced by British governmental and military departments, and films produced by the commercial American company March of the Time. These films are revealing both of attitudes towards India and the question of independence, and of the nature of the Allied partnership during World War...

  18. Control and Autonomy—The SAIs in Norway, Denmark, and Germany as Watchdogs in an NPM-Era?

    Jantz, Bastian; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Kristin; Vrangbæk, Karsten


    New public management (NPM) reforms have weakened the direct steering capacity within state bureaucracy. This article looks into how supreme audit institutions in three countries (Norway, Denmark, and Germany) assess these types of reforms. The analysis shows that all three SAIs have taken...

  19. Šampoonivõltsijast sai kardetud jäätmete töötleja / Mihkel Kärmas

    Kärmas, Mihkel, 1974-


    OÜ Megonar omanik Ahto Laanemägi sai loa ladustada kuni 60 000 t tselluloositehase Estonian Cell jäätmeid Noonu külas Virumaal. Põllumajandusteadlane Valjo Masso on leidnud Estonian Celli jääkmudast ootamatuid keemilisi elemente, nt. raskmetalle. Austria labori hinnang Estonian Celli muda kohta

  20. The Preliminary Research on Rupture and Factors Affecting Rupturing of the Hoh Sai Hu Segment in Eastern Kunlun

    Bai Yuzhu; Xu Jie; Zhou Qing; Zhou Bengang


    On November 14, 2001, an extraordinarily large earthquake (Ms8. 1) occurred on the Hoh Sai Hu segment of the Eastern Kunlun Fault, in the northern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The seismogenic fault, the Hoh Sai Hu segment, is a left-lateral fault with a high slip rate in geological history, with the average slip rate reaching( 14. 8± 2. 8)mm/a since the late Pleistocene. Different slip rates of the Hoh Sai Hu segment can affect fault motion in the future. Therefore, this paper analyzes the effect of different slip rates and different initial friction coefficients on the fault plane of the Hoh Sai Hu segment of the eastern Kunlun Fault on the rupture behaviors of the fault. In this research, we apply the single degree of spring block model controlled by the rate- and state-dependent frictional constitutive laws. Using the fault dislocation model and based on ancient earthquake research, historical earthquakes data and the achievements of previous researchers, we obtained the parameters of this model. Through numerical simulation of the rupturing motion of the Hoh Sai Hu segment in the next 6500 years under different slip rates, we find that a faster annual slip rate will shorten the recurrence interval of the earthquake. For example, the earthquake recurrence interval is 2100a at a slip rate of 0. 014m/a, which agrees with previous research, but, the recurrence interval will be 1000 - 1500a and 2100 - 2500a, corresponding to the slip rates of 0. 018m/a and 0. 008m/a, respectively. The fault slip rate has no regular effect on the coseismic slip rate and fault displacement in an earthquake. The initial friction coefficient on the fault surface has an effect on the earthquake recurrence interval. A smaller initial friction coefficient will lengthen the earthquake recurrence interval. At the same time, the smaller initial friction coefficient will lead to larger slip rates and fault displacement when earthquakes occur.

  1. Mercury exposure in Munduruku Indians from the community of Sai Cinza, state of Para, Brazil

    The objective of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate mercury exposure and health status among Munduruku Indians from the community of Sai inza, State of Para, Brazil. The population studied included 330 Indians, who submitted to a questionnaire, clinical exams, and collection of hair, blood, urine, and feces. Mercury was measured in hair and fish. Although no person was found to have overt mercury intoxication, the mean levels of mercury in hair were elevated (14.45 μg/g for children from 7 to 12 years ld, 15.70 μg/g for women between 14 and 44 years old, and 14.1 μg/g or the remaining population). Mercury levels in fish were below levels recommended by the World Health Organization, but rates of fish consumption ere high. These results place this indigenous population as a group under risk of mercury toxicity from the gold production

  2. The 2001 Mw7.7 Bhuj, India Earthquake and Eastern North American Ground-Motion Attenuation Relations: Seismic Hazard Implications

    Cramer, C. H.; Bhattacharya, S. N.; Kumar, A.


    It has been suggested that the Mw7.7 2001 Bhuj, India earthquake occurred in a stable continental region with ground-motion attenuation properties similar to eastern North America (ENA). No strong motion recordings for M7 or greater earthquakes have been recorded in ENA, so, if the two regions share similar properties, then observations from the Bhuj earthquake provide important information for hazard assessments in ENA as well as India. This thesis can be tested using seismic data for the Bhuj mainshock. The Indian Meteorological Department recorded accelerograph and broadband seismograph data at distances of 500 to 1800 km. Accelerograph and engineering seismoscope data were recorded at distances of 40 to 1100 km by the Department of Earthquake Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. We have processed the accelerograph and broadband data for response spectral accelerations and corrected them to a common NEHRP site class using Joyner and Boore (2000) site factors. The geologic conditions at each recording site were determined using the geologic map of India and categorized as Quaternary sediments, Tertiary sediments, or hard rock. Comparisons were then made to available ENA ground-motion attenuation relations. For peak ground acceleration (PGA) and 1.0 s spectral acceleration (Sa), the geologically-corrected Bhuj data generally fall among the ENA ground-motion attenuation relations. The Bhuj mainshock ground-motion data agree with the collective predictions of the ENA relations given the random uncertainty in ground-motion measurements of a factor of two or more plus the ground-motion attenuation relation modeling uncertainty. From an engineering perspective, this comparison supports the thesis that seismic-wave attenuation in stable continental India is similar to eastern North America.

  3. Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini), including the first records in Paraguay


    Notes on the geographic distribution and subspecific taxonomy of Sais rosalia (Cramer) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini), including the first records in Paraguay. This paper provides comments on the subspecific taxonomy and geographic distribution of Sais rosalia (Cramer, 1779) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Ithomiini), as well as an up-to-date distributional map, complemented with unpublished distributional data based on specimens deposited in the Coleção Entomológica Pe. Jesus S. Moure, Cur...


    SCHMILDT, Omar


    Full Text Available Given the importance of production of free Citrus seedling diseases, micrografting becomes an interesting option for lead free clones of systemic-borne diseases and without the drawbacks of juvenility of nucellar embryonic, not also enables recovery of materials monoembriônicos. Obtaining the rootstock is made by in vitro germination of selected seeds, requiring skilled professionals and culture medium that provides high germination rate index and high seed germination and good production of fresh and good growth the shoot. In this study we evaluated the in vitro development of lemon rootstock cloves in medium with different levels of MS salts and sucrose. MS salts levels above 33.3% were important for increasing weight in fresh weight and shoot growth. However, with increasing levels above 33.3% is reduced IVG and germination. For the preparation in vitro rootstock of lemon „Cravo‟ is recommended to seed germination in semi-solid culture with 33.3% of MS salts and sucrose 60 g L-1.Dada a importância da produção de mudas de Citrus livres de doenças, a microenxertia torna-se uma opção interessante por originar clones livres de patôgenos sistêmicos e sem os inconvenientes de juvenilidade da embrionia nucelar, que não permite também a recuperação de materiais monoembriônicos. A obtenção do portaenxerto é feita pela germinação in vitro de sementes selecionadas, requerendo profissionais habilidosos e meio de cultura que proporcione alto índice de velocidade de germinação e alta germinação das sementes, bem como boa produção de matéria fresca e bom crescimento da parte aérea. Nesse trabalho avaliou-se o desenvolvimento in vitro do porta-enxerto limoeiro „Cravo‟ em meio com diferentes níveis de sais de MS e de sacarose. Níveis de sais de MS acima de 33,3% se mostraram importantes para o aumento do peso em matéria fresca e do crescimento da parte aérea. No entanto, com o aumento dos níveis acima de 33,3% ocorre

  5. Intermodal transport of granite from Southern Vietnam to Northern Europe : case: Sai Gon Cuu Long Logistics and Trading Company

    Mai Lien Nguyen, Thi


    The national cargoes of Vietnam have increased dramatically over the last few years. To meet the demand of freight transport, strategic attention has been paid to the development of intermodal transport and door- to- door services. Yet the current investments in this area are not up to their potential. On the other hand, very few local businesses are capable of providing a complete shuttle service. This thesis is based on the real case of Sai Gon Cuu Long Logistics and Trading Company. T...

  6. Energy in India's Future: Insights

    in the energy sector. The third chapter, by Joel Ruet and Zakaria Siddiqui, who live in India, presents a view that is more inclusive of realities on the ground in India. It is interesting to compare the areas in which the second and third chapters share opinions and those in which disagreements appear. The final chapter, by C. Pierre Zaleski and Michel Cruciani, is dedicated to India's nuclear projects and experiences after the signing of the Indo-American nuclear treaty

  7. Force sensor in simulated skin and neural model mimic tactile SAI afferent spiking response to ramp and hold stimuli

    Kim Elmer K


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The next generation of prosthetic limbs will restore sensory feedback to the nervous system by mimicking how skin mechanoreceptors, innervated by afferents, produce trains of action potentials in response to compressive stimuli. Prior work has addressed building sensors within skin substitutes for robotics, modeling skin mechanics and neural dynamics of mechanotransduction, and predicting response timing of action potentials for vibration. The effort here is unique because it accounts for skin elasticity by measuring force within simulated skin, utilizes few free model parameters for parsimony, and separates parameter fitting and model validation. Additionally, the ramp-and-hold, sustained stimuli used in this work capture the essential features of the everyday task of contacting and holding an object. Methods This systems integration effort computationally replicates the neural firing behavior for a slowly adapting type I (SAI afferent in its temporally varying response to both intensity and rate of indentation force by combining a physical force sensor, housed in a skin-like substrate, with a mathematical model of neuronal spiking, the leaky integrate-and-fire. Comparison experiments were then conducted using ramp-and-hold stimuli on both the spiking-sensor model and mouse SAI afferents. The model parameters were iteratively fit against recorded SAI interspike intervals (ISI before validating the model to assess its performance. Results Model-predicted spike firing compares favorably with that observed for single SAI afferents. As indentation magnitude increases (1.2, 1.3, to 1.4 mm, mean ISI decreases from 98.81 ± 24.73, 54.52 ± 6.94, to 41.11 ± 6.11 ms. Moreover, as rate of ramp-up increases, ISI during ramp-up decreases from 21.85 ± 5.33, 19.98 ± 3.10, to 15.42 ± 2.41 ms. Considering first spikes, the predicted latencies exhibited a decreasing trend as stimulus rate increased, as is

  8. Environmental impact assessment of radionuclide and metal contamination at the former U site at Kadji Sai, Kyrgyzstan.

    Lind, O C; Stegnar, P; Tolongutov, B; Rosseland, B O; Strømman, G; Uralbekov, B; Usubalieva, A; Solomatina, A; Gwynn, J P; Lespukh, E; Salbu, B


    During 1949-1967, a U mine, a coal-fired thermal power plant and a processing plant for the extraction of U from the produced ash were operated at the Kadji Sai U mining site in Tonsk district, Issyk-Kul County, Kyrgyzstan. The Kadji Sai U legacy site represents a source of contamination of the local environment by naturally occurring radionuclides and associated trace elements. To assess the environmental impact of radionuclides and trace metals at the site, field expeditions were performed in 2007 and 2008 by the Joint collaboration between Norway, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan (JNKKT) project and the NATO SfP RESCA project. In addition to in situ gamma and Rn dose rate measurements, sampling included at site fractionation of water and sampling of water, fish, sediment, soils and vegetation. The concentrations of radionuclides and trace metals in water from Issyk-Kul Lake were in general low, but surprisingly high for As. Uptake of U and As was also observed in fish from the lake with maximum bioconcentration factors for liver of 1.6 and 75, respectively. The concentrations of U in water within the Kadji Sai area varied from 0.01 to 0.05 mg/L, except for downstream from the mining area where U reached a factor of 10 higher, 0.2 mg/L. Uranium concentrations in the drinking water of Kadji Sai village were about the level recommended by the WHO for drinking water. The (234)U/(238)U activity ratio reflected equilibrium conditions in the mining pond, but far from equilibrium outside this area (reaching 2.3 for an artesian well). Uranium, As and Ni were mainly present as low molecular mass (LMM, less than 10 kDa) species in all samples, indicating that these elemental species are mobile and potentially bioavailable. The soils from the mining sites were enriched in U, As and trace metals. Hot spots with elevated radioactivity levels were easily detected in Kadji Sai and radioactive particles were observed. The presence of particles carrying significant amount of

  9. Environmental impact assessment of radionuclide and metal contamination at the former U site at Kadji Sai, Kyrgyzstan

    During 1949–1967, a U mine, a coal-fired thermal power plant and a processing plant for the extraction of U from the produced ash were operated at the Kadji Sai U mining site in Tonsk district, Issyk-Kul County, Kyrgyzstan. The Kadji Sai U legacy site represents a source of contamination of the local environment by naturally occurring radionuclides and associated trace elements. To assess the environmental impact of radionuclides and trace metals at the site, field expeditions were performed in 2007 and 2008 by the Joint collaboration between Norway, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan (JNKKT) project and the NATO SfP RESCA project. In addition to in situ gamma and Rn dose rate measurements, sampling included at site fractionation of water and sampling of water, fish, sediment, soils and vegetation. The concentrations of radionuclides and trace metals in water from Issyk-Kul Lake were in general low, but surprisingly high for As. Uptake of U and As was also observed in fish from the lake with maximum bioconcentration factors for liver of 1.6 and 75, respectively. The concentrations of U in water within the Kadji Sai area varied from 0.01 to 0.05 mg/L, except for downstream from the mining area where U reached a factor of 10 higher, 0.2 mg/L. Uranium concentrations in the drinking water of Kadji Sai village were about the level recommended by the WHO for drinking water. The 234U/238U activity ratio reflected equilibrium conditions in the mining pond, but far from equilibrium outside this area (reaching 2.3 for an artesian well). Uranium, As and Ni were mainly present as low molecular mass (LMM, less than 10 kDa) species in all samples, indicating that these elemental species are mobile and potentially bioavailable. The soils from the mining sites were enriched in U, As and trace metals. Hot spots with elevated radioactivity levels were easily detected in Kadji Sai and radioactive particles were observed. The presence of particles carrying significant amount of

  10. Inventario de excitación y ansiedad sexual ampliado (SAI-E): subescalas por derivación factorial

    Aluja Fabregat, Antón; Torrúbia, Rafael


    Se realiza un análisis de componentes principales de las escalas de Excitación y Ansiedad del SAI-E a fin de derivar subescalas que proporcionen mejor y más información sobre el contenido del cuestionario. Los factores obtenidos mantienen una gran afinidad con los resultados de Chambless. Las subescalas de Excitación se encuentran muy correlacionadas con las variables de frecuencia de coito, frecuencia de masturbación y con un listado de variedad de conductas sexuales (Bentler). Las subescala...

  11. Avaliação dos Efeitos Toxicológicos e Ambientais de Nanopartículas de Sais de Prata

    Francielle Tatiana Mathias; Marco Aurelio Romano; Renata Marino Romano


    As nanopartículas de sais de prata são compostos muito utilizados nas indústrias farmacêuticas e de cosméticos, além de seu uso hospitalar. Sua utilização, tanto em produtos comerciais como na medicina, e sua importante correlação com a saúde pública e meio ambiente despertaram grande interesse em ações diretas e indiretas sobre o ser humano. Particularmente as nanopartículas de sais de prata têm sido muito utilizadas como antimicrobianos na desinfecção de materiais...

  12. Searching for Warm Waters at the Mt. Cobb Sai Sho Zen-ji

    Pellerin, L.; Schnabel, G. R.; Schnabel, E.; Moscoso, K. M.; Brophy, P.


    The Mt. Cobb Sai Sho Zen-ji is a Zen Center located in Lake County, CA about 2 km east of the Geysers Geothermal plant. The well-known Geysers geothermal system is a deep, hot system spanning an area of approximately 78 square km that provides electricity for ~60% of the power demand for coastal California north of the Golden Gate Bridge. Not surprisingly this region also is rich in hot springs used for bathing and spas. This study was undertaken to locate shallow, warm waters to be used at the Zen Center. The 300-acre Zen Center is situated on the Franciscan Formation, complex and typically chaotic assemblage of metasedimentary and volcanic rocks that dominate the geology of the California Pacific Coast Ranges. The principal water source at the Center flows at 20-25 l/min, at a temperature of 21 degree C, and a pH of 7.7. This spring has a mineral profile that corresponds to exposures to temperatures of approximately 65 degree C. A seep excavated into a slope about 4.5 m below the level of an adjacent meadow, revealed an increase in water temperature to 24 degrees C. This moderate temperature increase is consistent with deep, warm water mixing with cooler surface waters. Another source of warm water was identified at a seasonally productive seep producing up to about 50 l/min in the winter months, but dry in the summer. A well drilled on the basis of a low-resistivity anomaly revealed by an electrical resistivity survey produced 21 degree C water at a rate of~90 l/min, but was only drilled to a depth of 45 m upon encountering basalt. A second well, located nearby (15 m distant) and drilled to 260 m, was dry. Due to the ambiguous nature of the initial exploration program a detailed audiomagnetotelluric survey was undertaken using the Geometrics Stratagem system to aid in finding a stable source of warm water. Two-dimensional inverse models derived from these AMT soundings delineated several local structures. These models, interpreted in conjunction with surficial

  13. Robust Selection Criteria for Dropping Tolerances in Power Sparse Approximate Inverse (PSAI) Preconditioning and Static SAI Preconditioning

    Jia, Zhongxiao


    Dropping tolerance criteria play a key role in the power sparse approximate inverse (PSAI) preconditioning and many other sparse approximate inverse (SAI) preconditioning techniques, such as all the static F-norm minimization based SAI preconditioning procedures. However, such criteria have received little attention and have often been treated heuristically in such a way: If an entry is below some empirically small quantity in magnitude, then it is considered to be small and set as zero in these techniques. The meaning of "small" is vague and loose and has not been considered rigorously and systematically. It has not been clear how dropping tolerances affect the quality and effectiveness of a preconditioner $M$. In this paper, a solid theory on robust selection criteria is established for PSAI in this paper. It serves two important purposes, one of which is to guarantee the non-singularity of $M$ and make it as sparse as possible and the other is to simultaneously make $M$ have comparable preconditioning qual...

  14. [Cartography and geographical spread of the adventitious species of brome (Bromus spp.) among cereals in the Sais area of Morocco].

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y


    Bromus spp is causing serious problems in wheat in the Sais area. However, the damage of this weed varies from one region to another according to the agro-climatic conditions and crop systems. The characterization of the infestation level in each situation is a prerequisite to develop a control strategy adapted to each environment. This study was undertaken in order to determine the infestation level and geographical spread of the weedy brome (Bromus spp) on wheat in Sais following crop systems and pedo-climatic conditions. The results obtained during two consecutive years (1998-99 and 1999-2000) revealed that ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) was the most dominant species in wheat fields in the surveyed regions, followed by B. rubens L., B. sterilis L., B. madritensis L. and B. mollus L. Among, 18 regions and 100 infested wheat fields, 16.67% of fields were slightly infested (Plant density of Bromus (Dbr 400 plants/m2). The maximum relative frequency was obtained with Bromus rigidus (47.15%) and the coverage was 40.43%. But, for B.rubens, B. madritensis and B. sterilis, the relative frequencies were respectively 31.42; 26 and 15% and their coverages were respectively 28.9, 20.4 and 12.5%. PMID:12425101

  15. Internationalizing Geography Education: A Focus on India

    Solem, Michael; Balachandran, Chandra Shekhar


    The Association of American Geographers (AAG), through its Center for Global Geography Education (CGGE) project, recently published a collection of online educational resources examining important geographic issues affecting people, places, and environments in India. The resources were created by a delegation of high school teachers and academic…

  16. Cultivating new ryōsai kenbo : St. Agnes' School in the Meiji period

    Chen, Shuangli; 陳霜麗


    This thesis examines the contribution and influence that American Protestant missionary girls’ schools had on Japanese women’s education during the Meiji period. Between 1868 and 1912, over thirty missionary girls’ schools were established. These schools had the primary aim of introducing Christianity to Japanese female students. However, at the same time, they provided young women with opportunities for schooling outside of their families and played a pioneering role in promoting “Western en...

  17. American Religion



    It is said that American religion,as a great part of American culture,plays an important role in American culture. It is hoped that some ideas can be obtained from this research paper,which focuses on analyzing the great impact is produced to American culture by American religion. Finally, this essay gives two useful standpoints to English learners:Understunding American religion will help understand the American history, culture and American people,and help you to communic.ate with them better. Understanding American religion will help you understand English better.

  18. Development and validation of predictive MoSaiCo (Modello Statistico Combinato on emergency admissions: can it also identify patients at high risk of frailty?

    Pasquale Falasca


    Full Text Available The prospective historical cohort study develops and validates a method of identifying patients at high risk of emergency admission to hospital in the population of the Province of Ravenna (no. = 296 641. The main outcome measure is: emergency hospital admission analyzed using multivariate logistic regression (MoSaiCo - Modello Statistico Combinato. To validate the findings, the coefficients for 30 most powerful variables found on half of the population (derivation data set were then applied to the rest of the population (validation data set. The key predicting factors included some demographic variables, social variables, clinical variables and use of health/social services. Discriminatory power and validation both reached good results. Risk score increases when variables indicating the individual vulnerability raise. The predictive frailty risk resulting from MoSaiCo allows to stratify the population, to organize care services, to provide a practical planning tool in the field of case management and management of frail patients.

  19. Library and Information Science Education in India: A Historical Perspective

    Krishan Kumar; Jaideep Sharma


    The paper presents a historical perspective of Library and Information Science (LIS) education in India, and traces the growth and development of the subject. LIS education began under the patronage of the erstwhile Maharaja of Baroda when he invited an American librarian to set up public libraries in the state. After independence, Library Associations in the country continued with the efforts of developing LIS education in India. The discipline got recognition with the introduction of variou...

  20. Prevalence of diabetic complications in rural Goa, India

    Vaz, Nafisa C; Ferreira, A.M.; Kulkarni, M S; Vaz, Frederick S; N R Pinto


    Objective : To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its associated diabetic complications in rural Goa, India. Materials and Methods: A community-based study was carried out in a rural setting in Goa, India. About 1,266 participants were selected by systematic random sampling. The participants were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire and were subjected to anthropometric, clinical evaluation and biochemical investigations. American Diabetes Association criteria ...

  1. Validación de la versión para Colombia de la Escala de Evaluación de Introspección Expandida (SAI-E en sujetos con trastornos afectivos y psicóticos* Validation of the Colombian Version of Scale for Assessment of Insigth Expanded Version (SAI-E in Subjects with Mood and Pychotic Disorders

    Fabiola Navarro Marún


    Full Text Available Introducción: Aunque la introspección es un concepto fundamental en psiquiatría, no tiene una defi nición precisa. Para estudiar y entender mejor este fenómeno se ha usado ampliamente la Escala para Evaluación de Introspección-Expandida (SAI-E, porque es de fácil aplicación y ha demostrado buenas propiedades psicométricas. Objetivo: Validar la SAI-E para su uso en pacientes con trastornos psiquiátricos de Colombia. Método: La SAI-E fue traducida y retrotraducida por expertos en inglés y español, y dichas traducciones fueron revisadas por psiquiatras con experiencia en psicopatología y psicosis. Luego, la escala fue aplicada a 146 pacientes hospitalizados con diagnósticos de esquizofrenia, trastorno esquizoafectivo, trastorno afectivo bipolar y episodio depresivo mayor. Resultados: Se obtuvo una versión clara y clínicamente útil, fácil de aplicar por parte de profesionales de la salud mental. Esta versión mostró una adecuada consistencia interna, reproducibilidad prueba-reprueba e interevaluador, y sensibilidad al cambio. En el análisis factorial exploratorio se encontraron tres dominios (conciencia de enfermedad, conciencia de los síntomas y aceptación del tratamiento farmacológico, similares a los propuestos por los autores originales de la SAI-E. Conclusión: La versión para Colombia de la SAI-E tiene buenas propiedades psicométricas. Su uso en investigación puede contribuir a un mejor entendimiento transcultural de las alteraciones de la introspección entre pacientes psiquiátricos.Introduction: Although insight is a crucial concept in psychiatry, its precise defi nition remains elusive. The Scale for the Assessment of Insight Expanded Version (SAI-E is a scale that has been widely used and has demonstrated good psychometric properties and it is easy to apply. Objective: To validate the SAI-E for its use among patients with psychiatric disorders from Colombia. Methods: the SAI-E was translated and backtranslated

  2. Induction of resistance to Penicillium digitatum in tangerine fruit cv. Sai Num Phung flavedo by hot water treatment

    Sirisopha Inkha


    Full Text Available The effects of hot water treatment (HWT were investigated for enhancing host resistance to green mold rot causedby Penicillium digitatum. Tangerine fruits cv. Sai Num Phung were dipped in hot water at 50±2°C for 3 minutes and 55±2°Cfor 2 and 3 minutes after inoculation with P. digitatum and then stored at 4±2C with 90±5% relative humidity for 30 days. Theresults showed that the HWT remarkably delayed the onset of disease infection, reduced the number of infected fruits andlowered the severity of infection (lesion diameter. The chitinase and -1,3-glucanase activities in flavedo tissues of treatedfruits increased after storage for 15 days, but activity of peroxidase increased after storage for 25 days, compared with untreatedand uninoculated fruits. The protein patterns of tangerine fruit peels treated with HWT appeared to have 112.20 and100.00 kDa proteins only on the fifth day of storage which indicated that HWT led to heat stress circumstances in the fruitpeel tissue and induced biochemical changes. The protein patterns of HWT treated fruit at 22.39 kDa exhibited thicker bandcompared to untreated and uninoculated fruit peels. The findings indicated that HWT reduced disease incidence partly byinducing defence mechanism in the fruit peel tissue.

  3. India: Large and Small

    Amartya Sen


    The past and present of India can be seen in many different perspectives. There is a case for focusing particularly on the long history of the argumentative tradition in India, and its continuing relevance today. The intellectual largeness of India links closely with the reach of our argumentative tradition. There are lots of economic and political issues which needs urgent attention. [Lecture at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi].

  4. 76 FR 62343 - Certain Lined Paper Products From India: Notice of Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty...


    ... FR 66349 (October 28, 2010. (Initiation Notice).\\2\\ \\1\\ Abhinav Paper Products Pvt. Ltd.; American... Critical Circumstances Determination: Certain Lined Paper Products from India, 71 FR 45034, 45035 (August 8... Countervailing Duty Orders: Certain Lined Paper Products from India and Indonesia, 71 FR 56949 (September...

  5. The India Connection

    Abdul-Alim, Jamaal


    Even though lawmakers in India don't seem likely to pass any laws that would enable foreign universities to set up shop in India anytime soon, opportunities still abound for institutions of higher learning in the United States to collaborate with their Indian counterparts and to engage and recruit students in India as well. That's the consensus…

  6. Comparison of self-esteem scores: American and Indian adolescents.

    Wood, P C; Hillman, S B; Sawilowsky, S S


    The Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory was administered to 112 African American adolescents who were academically at-risk for dropping out of high school. Results were similar to those of a previous study comparing a heterogeneous group of 100 American adolescents with 100 youths from India. Differences on scores of self-esteem for the two international groups were noted. PMID:7667445

  7. China's India Studies

    Liu Qian


    Over the past 50 years, with the improvement of relationship between India and China, the scope of India studies in China's IR research has been broadened and the new areas of studies are being explored. The research agenda of India studies has already extended to the areas like economy, society, culture, security, national strategy and their impact on both bilateral and international relations. In this situation, the focuses of India studies in China's IR research can be mainly identified as follows: reviews on India's social, political and economic systems; analysis on the national strategy and foreign policy; Sino-Indian relations; India's relations with some international organizations. However, even though many fresh progresses have been made in India studies, the India studies in China's IR research still lag far behind the study of other important countries like the U.S., UK, Russia and Japan, and more problems and challenges will face in the coming future. The paper believes that a fuller understanding of India probably will not make China and India close friends, but it definitely will help to prevent them from becoming fierce enemies.

  8. Modelagem da intrusão da água de um rio com diferentes concentrações de sais

    Gabriel C. Marino


    Full Text Available Para considerações de intrusão de água em meio subterrâneo a capilaridade, também entendida como força de sucção, é uma grandeza física que influencia a dinâmica do processo. Neste trabalho é apresentada uma investigação do comportamento do escoamento subterrâneo e as interações entre água doce e água salinizada na área de descarga de um rio. Objetivou-se realizar uma modelagem preditiva para identificar e representar o processo de intrusão das águas de um rio meio ao lençol freático comparando diferentes concentrações de sais nas águas do rio e águas subterrâneas. Como modelo conceitual foi definido um rio em região de descarga. A modelagem foi realizada no software SUTRA sendo o método de solução por elementos finitos. Observou-se a formação de uma camada de água doce sobre o lençol freático salinizado quando considerada intrusão de água doce. Para as considerações com intrusão de água salinizada foi identificada a formação de fingers. Os resultados do modelo possibilitaram identificar que a intrusão de água doce no lençol freático salinizado é dificultada pela presença de sais. A intrusão é mais difícil quanto maior a concentração de sais nas águas subterrâneas.

  9. American Exceptionalism as a Problem in Global History

    Robert Allen


    The causes of the USA's exceptional economic performance are investigated by comparing American wages and prices with wages and prices in Great Britain, Egypt, and India. Habakkuk's views on the causes of American industrial pre-eminence are reassessed. While the USA had abundant natural resources, they did not promote manufacturing since international trade equalized prices in Britain and the USA or American tariffs made resources dearer in the USA. Wages were higher in the USA than in Brita...

  10. Biometria em plantas de noni sob irrigação com águas salinas e lixiviação dos sais do solo

    Antônio Gustavo de Luna Souto


    Full Text Available RESUMO A utilização de água com teor salino elevado está se tornando uma alternativa à produção agrícola mundial, mas, para isso, há necessidade de tecnologias que reduzam os impactos no solo e no rendimento das culturas, como o emprego de lixiviação dos sais do solo ou o uso de espécies tolerantes à salinidade. Nessa direção, o objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o crescimento de plantas de noni (Morinda citrifolia L. submetidas à irrigação e lavagem do solo com águas de salinidade crescente. O experimento foi desenvolvido em ambiente telado do Centro de Ciência Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Paraíba em Areia, PB, em blocos casualizados, com quatros repetições e duas plantas por parcela, usando o arranjo fatorial 5×2, referente a cinco valores de condutividade elétrica das águas de irrigação (0,5; 1,5; 3,0; 4,5; 6,0 dS m-1, combinados com presença e ausência de drenagem para a lavagem do solo e lixiviação dos sais. O aumento da condutividade elétrica das águas de irrigação elevou o caráter salino do solo para valores que comprometeram o crescimento biométrico e a produção de biomassa total das plantas de noni, independentemente da ausência ou presença de lixiviação dos sais, mas, com maior severidade, em todas as variáveis, no solo sem drenagem. As plantas do solo sem lixiviação dos sais não sobreviveram à irrigação com água de salinidade estimada de 5,28 dS m-1, não cresceram adequadamente em altura, diâmetro caulinar, emissão de folhas e área foliar e produziram baixos níveis de biomassa sob irrigação com água de condutividade elétrica 4,5 dS m-1.

  11. Writing Histories of Disability in India: Strategies of Inclusion

    Buckingham, Jane


    Existing historical understandings of disability are dominated by European and American experience and tend to assume Judeo-Christian ideas of stigma and exclusion are universal norms. This paper emphasises the unique experience of disability in India and the role of poverty, gender, caste and community in compounding the marginalisation felt by…

  12. Economic Change in India

    Adam Cagliarini; Mark Baker


    India has become an increasingly important part of the global economic landscape over the past decade. Its economy has become more open to international trade, its workforce is growing strongly and the rate of investment has picked up following economic reforms. The strong growth of the Indian economy has also seen a significant deepening of the trade relationship between Australia and India, with India now the third largest destination for Australia’s exports.

  13. India - India's growing conflict between trade and transport : issues and options

    Peters, Hans Jurgen


    India was a rather marginal participant in world trade during the early years after independence. Since 1980, however, the structure and orientation of Indian export trades have undergone fundamental changes. Substantial progress has been made in diversifying the export base - manufactured goods have increased and the traditional bulk sector has shrunk. Key targets for the export of manufactured goods are the European, Japanese and North American markets. However, these markets are characteri...

  14. Effect of low-dose irradiation upon T cell subsets involved in the response of primed A/J mice to SaI cells

    A/Jax (A/J) mice primed to Sarcoma I (SaI) exhibit an augmented response in association with low-dose (0.15 Gy) irradiation. This phenomenon is best demonstrated in tumour neutralization (Winn assay) or cell transfer experiments utilizing mice depleted of thymus-derived (T) cells. It is particularly dependent upon the duration of priming and the growth characteristics of the tumour in the primary host. The importance of these two variables appears to relate to their influence upon the cell types responsible for the host response, and includes both an effector and a suppressor component. Radiation-induced inhibition of the suppressor component appears responsible for low-dose augmentation and results in injury to a T cell of the Lyt-1-2+ phenotype. In Winn assays employing equal numbers of immune spleen cells and SaI cells, the smallest tumours are associated with Lyt-1-positive (Lyt-1+2- and Lyt-1+2+) cells and exposure to 0.15 Gy markedly inhibits their anti-SaI activity. Thus, even though the effect is in the opposite direction, both the effector and suppressor components of the anti-SaI response in A/J mice are exceedingly radiosensitive. (author)

  15. Is India the Exception?

    Nielsen, Klaus; Storm, Rasmus K.


    in international sport events a similar impact of extraordinary growth rates has been almost totally absent in the case of India. Is India an exception? Several econometric studies have shown that income per capita is a significant variable explaining elite sport results such as results in the Olympic Games. From...

  16. AREVA in India

    India is the sixth largest energy consumer in the world and its demand is rising rapidly. To support its economic growth, estimated to be 8% on average over the last three years and to ensure access to electricity for all, the country foresees massive investments in its power sector over the next five years. India is therefore an essential market for the AREVA Group, where its Transmission and Distribution division plays a leading role on the strategic grid modernization market. This document presents: 1 - the economic situation in India: Key figures, Growth, India's growing need for electricity, India's energy sources and policy: current mix, driving role of the State, the financial reorganization of the SEBs, the 'Mega-Power' projects, the electricity act, the rural electrification program, the Investments. 2 - Civil nuclear energy: a strong potential for development; 3 - India's transmission and distribution network: the power challenge of the transmission network, the efficiency challenge of the distribution network. 4 - AREVA T and D in India: AREVA T and D profile, Areva's presence in India, market share, T and D customers and flagship projects

  17. Hydropower development in India

    Saxena, Praveen [Govt. of India, New Delhi (India). Ministry of New and Renewable Energy], E-mail:; Kumar, Arun [Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand (India). Alternate Hydro Energy Centre], E-mail:


    India is posed for large deployment of hydropower in present conducive policy and investment environment. Growing energy demand and concern for carbon emission is making hydropower development more favorable. The Government of India is ensuring a good performance of the new SHP stations by linking the incentives to the SHP developers with the performance of the station. (author)

  18. India's African Engagement

    Kragelund, Peter

    The exceptionally fast growth of big economies like China and India has resulted in a new-found interest in the economic and political consequences of this growth for the developed economies. Recently, traditional donors’ concern that ‘emerging’ donors were re-emerging on the development scene was...... addressed. This kicked off a quest among donor agencies, think tanks and researchers alike to identify and establish the doings of these ‘emerging’ donors. To date, however, China has received most attention while the doings of other donors like India, Brazil and South Africa have remained virtually...... invisible. This ARI describes India’s current engagement in Africa and analyses the reasons why India once again puts Africa high on its political agenda. It argues that the development cooperation and in particular the 2008 India-Africa summit is a way to brand India anew....

  19. India and the NPT

    India's nuclear development has been accompanied by a dual track strategy of developing and building weapons while criticising the non-proliferation regime as discriminatory and simultaneously making public statements and proposals in favour of nuclear disarmament. But with international progress likely on aspects of nuclear disarmament over the next few months, India will be in the spotlight at the forthcoming 2010 Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference to help move the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda forward. This article proposes that India meet this challenge by announcing specific commitments on permanently ending nuclear testing and plutonium production for weapons by a set date. In the course of reaching this conclusion, the article traces the history of India's role in the development of the international non-proliferation regime, its proposals on disarmament, and also its relationship with the United States with respect to India's nuclear development and ambitions. (author)

  20. Nuclear India: a dream gone sour

    India has the fastest growing nuclear programme in the world. Initially American and Canadian technology was used and reactors built to western designs. Now, however, India is self sufficient over all the fuel cycle from uranium mining to waste processing. Reactors are built to Indian design. This article, based on information collected for a television programme shown in the UK in September 1992, claims that workers in the nuclear industry and people living near nuclear plant are knowingly exposed to very high radiation levels. This has resulted in many deaths and congenital abnormalities in children. The industry is surrounded by secrecy and no information is given to those who work in it; military stockpiling for nuclear weapons is suspected. (UK)

  1. Peeter Tammearu sai preemia


    Karl Adra nimelise preemia esimene laureaat on Ugala teatri peanäitejuht Peeter Tammearu. Adra-nimeline preemia antakse draamanäitlejale, kelle korrektne eesti keel, kõnekultuur ja sõnumi selgus kõige paremini publikuni jõuab

  2. Tartu Supilinn sai detailplaneeringu


    Supilinna detailplaneering kehtestati 2004. a. detsembris. 2001. a. toimunud VI rahvusvahelise arhitektuurivõistluse "Europan" Tartu linna pakutud võistlusalal tunnistati võidutööks soome arhitektide Johanna Vuorineni ja Esa Kangase "Haven"

  3. Tiina Piisang sai preemia


    III rahvusvaheline köitekunstisümpoosion 14.-21. XI Vilniuses. Avati näitus "Raamat". Preemiad: I - Anne Giordani, Prantsusmaa, II - Isabelle Poitras, Kanada, III - Tiina Piisang, ergutuspreemia - Duda Rimantas, Leedu. Eestist osalevad väljapanekul veel Silvi Kalda, Marje Kask, Külli Veelaid, Zhanna Zhuravel, Elin Kard, Piret Männa. Odette Drapeau Kanadast tutvustas kalanaha kasutamisvõimalusi raamatuköitmisel

  4. Eesti film sai auhindu


    Anu Auna film "Vahetus" võitis Rooma sõltumatu filmi festivalil (Rome Independent Film Festival) parima välismaise lühifilmi preemia ning Olga ja Priit Pärna "Elu ilma Gabriella Ferrita" Lissaboni animafilmide festivalil Monstra eripreemia

  5. Kaerajaani graafika sai disainipreemia


    Eesti disainigentuur Loovvool pälvis Tallinnas Raekoja platsil asuva rahvusrestorani Kaerajaan visuaalse identiteedi kujundamise eest Saksamaal välja antava rahvusvahelise disainipreemia Red Dot 2008

  6. Energy in India's Future: Insights

    Lesourne, J.; Ramsay, W.C.; Jaureguy-Naudin, Maite; Boillot, Jean-Joseph; Autheman, Nicolas; Ruet, Joel; Siddiqui, Zakaria; Zaleski, C. Pierre; Cruciani, Michel


    's economy and the actors who are now present in the energy sector. The third chapter, by Joel Ruet and Zakaria Siddiqui, who live in India, presents a view that is more inclusive of realities on the ground in India. It is interesting to compare the areas in which the second and third chapters share opinions and those in which disagreements appear. The final chapter, by C. Pierre Zaleski and Michel Cruciani, is dedicated to India's nuclear projects and experiences after the signing of the Indo-American nuclear treaty

  7. India's future: it's about jobs

    Geoffrey N. Keim; Beth Anne Wilson


    Projections of sustained strong growth in India depend importantly on the utilization of the huge increase in India's working-age population projected over the next two decades. To date, however, India's economic growth has been concentrated in high-skill and capital-intensive sectors, and has not generated strong employment growth. In this paper, we highlight the tension between India's performance in output and employment, describe the characteristics of India's demographic dividend, and di...

  8. American ginseng

    ... Some research suggests that taking a specific American ginseng extract called CVT-E002 (Cold-FX, Afexa Life Sciences, ... AD-fX, Afexa Life Sciences, Canada) containing American ginseng extract in combination with ginkgo leaf extract might help ...


    S. D. PAWAR


    It was the opinion of the Socialist Party that India had found a non-violent way of fighting against Britain (the U.K.) and American imperialism and capitalism. The Socialist Party had decided to take the people on this line. The Socialist Party was led by Jayprakash Narayan and other farsighted revolutionary leaders. India had found a new way of fighting an unarmed revolution which was going on for last 30 years under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The socialists and Jayprakash Narayan th...

  10. Hepatitis C in India

    Ashis Mukhopadhya


    Hepatitis C is an emerging infection in India and an important pathogen causing liver disease in India. The high risk of chronicity of this blood-borne infection and its association with hepatocellular carcinoma underscores its public health importance. Blood transfusion and unsafe therapeutic interventions by infected needles are two preventable modalities of spread of hepatitis C infection. In addition, risk factor modification by reducing the number of intravenous drug users will help curtail the prevalence of this infection. This review summarizes the extent, nature and implications of this relatively new pathogen in causing disease in India.

  11. Health Care in India

    BM Hegde


    Full Text Available The modern medical facilities in India are of such good quality that the National Health Service of the UK is negotiating with many corporate hospitals in India to get their patients on the long waiting lists to be flown to India for elective surgery. Be that as it may, health is not contigent on the availability of medical technology but contigent on basic provisions; clean water, three square meals a day, freedom from the effects of pollution and the skills to earn a living.

  12. Biometria em plantas de noni sob irrigação com águas salinas e lixiviação dos sais do solo

    Antônio Gustavo Luna Souto; Lourival Ferreira Cavalcante; Antonio João de Lima Neto; Francisco de Oliveira Mesquita; João Batista dos Santos


    RESUMO A utilização de água com teor salino elevado está se tornando uma alternativa à produção agrícola mundial, mas, para isso, há necessidade de tecnologias que reduzam os impactos no solo e no rendimento das culturas, como o emprego de lixiviação dos sais do solo ou o uso de espécies tolerantes à salinidade. Nessa direção, o objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar o crescimento de plantas de noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) submetidas à irrigação e lavagem do solo com águas de salinidade crescente. ...

  13. Appreciation of“Meditateing on the Past on Xi Sai Mountain”%《西塞山怀古》赏析



    Tang Dynasty poet Liu Yuxi is best known for his poetry of meditateing on the past on.“meditateing on the past on Xi Sai mountain”is one of them,he thinked a consolidation of the regime depends on the popular sentiment and national unity,by recalingl past events, contacting things nowadays.%中唐诗人刘禹锡最为人称道的是他的怀古诗,《西塞山怀古》就是其中之一,诗人通过追怀往事,联系今事,认为一个政权的巩固靠的是人心所向和国家统一。

  14. India's nuclear doctrine

    At a time when the world is rife with speculation about India's nuclear programme, India's nuclear doctrine presents an informed and lucid account of the country's nuclear policy since 1948, through Pokhran I and Pokhran II. The book traces the origin and proliferation of nuclear weapons in the world beginning with the first test by USA in 1945, and the eventually cataclysmic use of the atom bomb over Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The author argues effectively that while remaining committed to its advocacy of complete nuclear disarmament, India is only too aware of its need to maintain nuclear deterrence so long as weapons of this nature remain with the other nuclear powers. World peace, however, is lndia's priority and the author makes a dynamic case for the claim that the weapons of nuclear India are no threat to international peace and security

  15. A summer in India.

    Weir, E


    An elective in India, during which she provided palliative care for a young girl, taught medical student Erica Weir several lessons about health care that she would never have learned during an elective in Canada.

  16. Is India the Exception?

    Nielsen, Klaus; Storm, Rasmus K.

    India is still the extreme under-achiever in international sport competitions. Whereas in China high growth rates have been accompanied by a huge improvement in its ranking in international sport events a similar impact of extraordinary growth rates is seemingly totally absent in the case of India....... Is India an exception? Several econometric studies have shown that income per capita is a significant variable explaining elite sport results such as results in the Olympic Games. From this stylized fact follows the hypothesis that 'above/below average' growth rates lead to relative improvements....../deterioration of elite sport results (with a time lag)’. However, this has not previously been tested, and the contingencies explaining the seemingly widely different developments in countries such as China and India have not been explored. This paper tests the above hypothesis by means of a study of the...

  17. Liver transplantation in India.

    Narasimhan, Gomathy; Kota, Venugopal; Rela, Mohamed


    Liver transplantation as an established form of treatment for end-stage liver disease has gained acceptance in India over the last 10 years. Liver transplantation in India has unique features that have contributed to the growth of both deceased donor and living donor transplantations of which living donor currently dominates the picture. Living donor contributes to 80% and deceased donor to 20% of the liver transplants currently performed in India. The majority of these transplants are performed within the private sector with public sector hospitals lagging behind significantly. This article gives an overview of the evolution of liver transplantation in India and the potential future challenges. Liver Transplantation 22 1019-1024 2016 AASLD. PMID:27082718

  18. Avaliação dos Efeitos Toxicológicos e Ambientais de Nanopartículas de Sais de Prata

    Francielle Tatiana Mathias


    Full Text Available As nanopartículas de sais de prata são compostos muito utilizados nas indústrias farmacêuticas e de cosméticos, além de seu uso hospitalar. Sua utilização, tanto em produtos comerciais como na medicina, e sua importante correlação com a saúde pública e meio ambiente despertaram grande interesse em ações diretas e indiretas sobre o ser humano. Particularmente as nanopartículas de sais de prata têm sido muito utilizadas como antimicrobianos na desinfecção de materiais hospitalares, desodorantes, materiais dentários, em próteses internas e cateteres intravenosos, e tem possibilitado a contaminação humana e ambiental. Seus efeitos, concentrações perigosas e valores aceitáveis como contaminante demandam estudos. Sua instabilidade frente a interações com outros produtos as torna de grande interesse em relação à contaminação e persistência no ambiente. Diversos trabalhos produzidos em nossos laboratórios demonstram a atividade desreguladora endócrina de vários produtos químicos contaminantes ambientais e prejudiciais à saúde humana. Deste modo buscou-se um levantamento das principais formas de uso, seus riscos e efeitos toxicológicos para a saúde pública e meio ambiente.

  19. La meditación en la Luz Sai Baba como performance ritual: acceso corpóreo-experimental a dios

    Rodolfo Puglisi


    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve e analisa uma prática característica de grupos argentina devotos de Sai Baba, também conhecida como Meditação na Luz. Caracterizamos-a como uma performance ritual onde, também, encontramos representações simbólicas em torno á corporalidade que chamamos geografia corporal. Examinamos como se constrói a eficácia ritual em dita pratica, e se argumenta que esta performance é eficaz porque contribui para modificar a pessoa á lograr seu objetivo espiritual fundamental (a fusão com Deus. Neste ponto, contrastamos este tipo de meditação com as clássicas meditações metafísicas cartesianas. Finalmente, destaca se a relevância da inclusão da dimensão corporal performática na analise dos fenômenos religiosos.This article describes and analyzes a typical practice of Argentine devout groups of Sai Baba, known as Meditation on the Light. We characterize that as a ritual performance in which we find symbolic representations around the corporality, we call it corporal geography. We examine how the ritual efficacy is formed in this practice and argue that this performance is effective because contribute in the person modification to the success of this priority spiritual objective, (the fusion with God, at this point we contrast this kind of meditation with the classics Cartesians Metaphysics Meditations. Finally we bring into relief the inclusion of the corporal-Performatic dimension in the analysis of the religious phenomenon.

  20. English for Employability: India

    Perez-Gore, Isabelle


    This paper situates the issue of employability skills in India in relation to the world economic changes and their impact on the job market. An overview of the last decade's government policies shows numerous initiatives trying to address the skills gap. In 2013, large scale India-based employability studies started to show the criticality of the skills situation in the Indian upcoming workforce (Wheebox 2013, Aspiring Minds 2014). This summary from the latest reports has been frequently quot...

  1. Unleashing science in India

    Bagla, Pallava


    With a population of over 1.1 billion people, of whom 714 million are entitled to vote, elections in India are complex affairs. In the next general election, which begins on 16 April, there will be more than 828 000 polling stations, where some 1.3 million electronic voting machines will be used in what will be the world's largest electronic election. The machines themselves were built and designed in India.


    Devaraj Dutta


    The problem of child labour is a deep socio-economic problem faced by almost all countries of the world. It, however, is a serious problem mostly of the developing as well as under developing countries. Infact, children particularly from low-income countries are being exploited on the global market for monetary gains. This problem also is a big social problem in India as India still falls under the category of developing nations. Various studies have made it very clear that a ...




    India is among one of the ten most industrialized nations in the world. Increase in population has raisedthe urbar industrial, transport and agriculture demands which are major reasons for the degradationof the environmel condition. For India besides landand soil degradation, deforestation, low accessibilityof water, ,industrial pollution and urban congestionare the major environmental issues of priority. Theindustries that generate huge quantities ofwaste are thermal power station, Iron and SteelPlants, Sugar, Paper and Fertilizer Industries.




    @@ INTRODUCTION India is among one of the ten most industrialized nations in the world. Increase in population has raised the urbar industrial, transport and agriculture demands which are major reasons for the degradation of the environmel condition. For India besides land and soil degradation, deforestation, low accessibility of water, ,industrial pollution and urban congestion are the major environmental issues of priority. The industries that generate huge quantities of waste are thermal power station, Iron and Steel Plants, Sugar, Paper and Fertilizer Industries.

  5. Investment Climate in India

    Sandra Rataj


    Today India is one of the most popular destinations for FDI location for investors from all over the world. Factors that affect this situation include: sustained for several years, high rates of economic growth entailing an increase in domestic purchasing potential of the country, relatively cheap labor, rich base of young and skilled workforce. The advantage of of India is also supported by the fact that the official language is English, and the government of the country is committed to attr...

  6. Women Empowerment in India

    Nayak, Purusottam; Mahanta, Bidisha


    The present paper is an attempt to analyze the status of women empowerment in India using various indicators like women’s household decision making power, financial autonomy, freedom of movement, political participation, acceptance of unequal gender role, exposure to media, access to education, experience of domestic violence etc based on data from different sources. The study reveals that women of India are relatively disempowered and they enjoy somewhat lower status than that of men in spit...

  7. History of Nuclear India

    Chaturvedi, Ram


    India emerged as a free and democratic country in 1947, and entered into the nuclear age in 1948 by establishing the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), with Homi Bhabha as the chairman. Later on the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was created under the Office of the Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru. Initially the AEC and DAE received international cooperation, and by 1963 India had two research reactors and four nuclear power reactors. In spite of the humiliating defeat in the border war by China in 1962 and China's nuclear testing in 1964, India continued to adhere to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. On May 18, 1974 India performed a 15 kt Peaceful Nuclear Explosion (PNE). The western powers considered it nuclear weapons proliferation and cut off all financial and technical help, even for the production of nuclear power. However, India used existing infrastructure to build nuclear power reactors and exploded both fission and fusion devices on May 11 and 13, 1998. The international community viewed the later activity as a serious road block for the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty; both deemed essential to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. India considers these treaties favoring nuclear states and is prepared to sign if genuine nuclear disarmament is included as an integral part of these treaties.

  8. Public Health Education in India and China: History, Opportunities, and Challenges

    Bangdiwala, Shrikant I; Joseph D. Tucker; Sanjay Zodpey; Griffiths, Sian M.; Li-Ming Li; K. Srinath Reddy; Cohen, Myron S.; Miriam Gross; Kavya Sharma; Jin-Ling Tang


    Public health education in China and India has a long history that has been both deeply responsive to the unique needs and medical traditions of each country, and sensitive to global influences. The history of public health education in China reaches back several centuries, with substantial input from American and European organizations during the Republican Era, 1911-1949. In India, centuries-old health care traditions were influenced during the colonial period by the British Empire prior to...

  9. Womb Outsourcing: Commercial Surrogacy in India.

    Frankford, David M; Bennington, Linda K; Ryan, Jane Greene


    Infertility affects more than 7 million American couples. As traditional treatments fail and the costs of hiring a surrogate increase in the United States, transnational commercial surrogacy becomes a feasible alternative for many couples. Infertile couples may opt for this choice after reading enticing Internet advertisements of global medical tourism offering "special deals" on commercial surrogacy. This is particularly true in India where couples from the United States can purchase transnational surrogacy for less than one-half or even one-third of the costs in the United States, including the cost of travel. The majority of surrogate mothers in India come from impoverished, poorly educated rural areas of India. Commercial surrogacy offers the lure of earning the equivalent of 5 years of family income. This multidisciplinary review of the literature suggests that the issue of commercial surrogacy is complex and influenced by a number of factors including expensive infertility costs, ease of global travel, and the financial vulnerability of Indian commercial surrogate mothers and their families. Questions are being raised about decision making by the surrogate mother particularly as influenced by gender inequities, power differentials, and inadequate legal protection for the surrogate mother. More research is needed to understand commercial surrogacy, especially research inclusive of the viewpoints of the Indian mothers and their families involved in these transactions. PMID:26110574

  10. India. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1994 (India).

    Dickler, Paul

    This curriculum packet on politics and international relations in India contains an essay, three lessons and a variety of charts, maps, and additional readings to support the unit. The essay is entitled "India 1994: The Peacock and the Vulture." The lessons include: (1) "The Kashmir Dispute"; (2) "India: Domestic Order and International Affairs, A…

  11. American Dream in Early American Literatuer

    屈彩娥; 李小玺


    American dream has often been closely rehted to American literature.Many say that the American literary history can be seen as the history of American dreams.In most periods in history,writers,whose dreams have been infused in a variety of characters create the American literature.While in Early American literature,American dream had been presented in a dif-ferent way.

  12. American Culture Reflected in American English



    Language is a vehicle for culture. It is also a key component of culture. It not only reflects culture but also influences culture. As a variety of British English, American English, especially American words and expressions can reflect American culture from many aspects. This paper studies some typical traits of American culture reflected in words and expressions of American Eng-lish.

  13. Orientalism and India

    Jukka Jouhki


    Full Text Available In this article Orientalism, a special hegemonic discourse about "the Orient" by Europeans is discussed by focusing on how it is manifested in a "Western" view of India. Orientalism as a discourse about the Orient is a concept first coined by Edward Said in his book Orientalism (1978 and contains a long history of European way of relating to the Orient as a counterpart of European/Western culture. In this article Orientalist discourses about India by hegemonically Western (and particularly Anglo-Saxon sources are portrayed and the so-called Indo-Orientalist essentialism defining Indianness from the outside analyzed. Moreover, a Indo-Orientalism as an imported ideology to be used in Indian nationalist discourses to emphasize a dichotomy between India and "the West" is discussed.

  14. Critical care in India.

    Udwadia, F E; Guntupalli, K K; Vidyasagar, D


    India is a vast democracy of nearly one billion people. Before the British rule ended in 1947, the life span of an Indian was a mere 21 years. Within a short span of 50 years, it increased to an impressive 63 years, largely due to public health measures initiated by the government. This created a pool of more than 300 million middle class Indians who could afford the benefits of modern and specialized care when needed. Critical care medicine, as practiced in the West, is still confined to large Metropolitan areas. A large pool of expatriate Indian physicians from all over the world are helping bridge the resource gap between the West and India by transfer of technology and providing appropriate training to physicians and paramedical personnel. This article describes the history and current status of development of critical care medicine in India. PMID:9107510

  15. Pharmacovigilance programme of India

    Kalaiselvan Vivekanandan


    Full Text Available The monitoring and reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs through pharmacovigilance is vital to patient safety and rational prescribing. In India, Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO initiated Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI to report ADRs through ADRs monitoring centres in India. Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC is functioning as National Coordination Centre (NCC for PvPI. The ADRs are reported to NCC through VigiFlow by various centres are evaluated and committed to Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Sweden. The potential benefit of the PvPI is aimed to reducing or eliminating a harm of medicine. Continuous efforts of the healthcare professionals and the patients are expected to make this as one of the most successful and effective programmes. The present article updates the status and future plan of PvPI.

  16. Fortification of Foods with Vitamin D in India

    Ritu G


    Full Text Available Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent in India, despite abundant sunshine. Fortification of staple foods with vitamin D is a viable strategy to target an entire population. Vitamin D fortification programs implemented in the United States and Canada have improved the vitamin D status in these countries, but a significant proportion of the population is still vitamin D deficient. Before fortification programs are designed and implemented in India, it is necessary to study the efficacy of the American and Canadian vitamin D fortification programs and then improve upon them to suit the Indian scenario. This review explores potential strategies that could be used for the fortification of foods in the Indian context. These strategies have been proposed considering the diverse dietary practices necessitated by social, economic, cultural and religious practices and the diverse climatic conditions in India. Fortification of staple foods, such as chapati flour, maida, rice flour and rice, may be more viable strategies. Targeted fortification strategies to meet the special nutritional needs of children in India are discussed separately in a review entitled, “Fortification of foods with vitamin D in India: Strategies targeted at children”.




    Avaliaram-se diferentes concentrações de sais do meio MS (Murashige & Skoog, 1962), freqüência de subcultivos e adição de ácido ascórbico ao meio de cultura, objetivando o controle da oxidação de explantes de bananeira-'Prata' (Musa AAB) na fase de estabelecimento. Os tratamentos constituíram-se das diluições dos sais do meio MS (100%, 50% e 33,33%), subcultivos (a cada 7 dias, a cada 14 dias e a cada 28 dias) e ácido ascórbico (0 e 25 mg L-1). O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente cas...


    Bano Rubeena


    Full Text Available The epidemic of substance abuse in young generation has assumed alarming dimensions in India. Changing cultural values, increasing economic stress and dwindling supportive bonds are leading to initiation into substance use. Cannabis, heroin, and Indian-produced pharmaceutical drugs are the most frequently abused drugs in India. Drug use, misuse or abuse is also primarily due to the nature of the drug abused, the personality of the individual and the addict’s immediate environment. The processes of industrialization, urbanization and migration have led to loosening of the traditional methods of social control rendering an individual vulnerable to the stresses and strains of modern life.

  19. Tobacco control in India

    Chaly Preetha


    Portuguese introduced tobacco to India 400 years ago. Ever since, Indians have used tobacco in various forms. Sixty five per cent of all men and 33% of all women use tobacco in some form. Tobacco causes over 20 categories of fatal and disabling diseases including oral cancer. By 2020 it is predicted that tobacco will account for 13% of all deaths in India. A major step has to be taken to control what the World Health Organization, has labeled a ′smoking epidemic′ i...

  20. Tobacco control in India.


    Legislation to control tobacco use in developing countries has lagged behind the dramatic rise in tobacco consumption. India, the third largest grower of tobacco in the world, amassed 1.7 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 1990 due to disease and injury attributable to tobacco use in a population where 65% of the men and 38% of the women consume tobacco. India's anti-tobacco legislation, first passed at the national level in 1975, was largely limited to health warnings and prov...

  1. India's energy options

    India''s energy sources primarily are based on coal and hydel, both of which are indigenously available. Availability of the third source of energy by way of liquid fuels is very limited as it meets only 40 percent of the actual requirements. With import of 60 percent of petroleum products, it has already created a problem for the government to meet the import bill. Therefore it is time we examine the whole spectrum of energy availability and arrive at a policy which will not retard the country''s economic progress in the long run or even short run

  2. India China Supply Chain

    Danendran, Rahul


    This research report addresses the topic of India China supply chain. This study would be looking at the existing policies among the China India trade and a real life scenario of this trade will be analysed. By conducting this study, the current situation of trades can be put forward and it will give an idea to what extent trade policies are useful when it comes to trading and to what extent the policies aid the bottlenecks faced by a trader. The objectives of the research are to understa...

  3. Marine Archaeology in India

    Tripati, S.; Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh

    history of mankind. The underwater heritage of India, in the form of sub- merged cities and sunken ships spans a period of around 4000 years or more. The best efforts of S.R. Rao helped initiate this interdisciplinary subject in NIO (National Institute... and discov- ered remains of an early civilisation. NIO has carried out both onshore and offshore explorations along the East and West Coast of India in order to locate submerged ports, coastal cities and shipwrecks. Objectives and Sources of Marine...

  4. American Houses



    American houses usually have private kitchens,a living room and sometimes separate areas for eating and watching television,A house usually has its own mailbox,a yard with plants or perhaps a lawn,and a place to store garbage out of sight.

  5. American Headache Society

    ... Us American Migraine Foundation Login THE AMERICAN Headache Society is a professional society of health care providers dedicated to the study ... MIGRAINE MOMENT” FILM CONTEST WINNERS The American Headache Society and American Migraine Foundation, the AHS’s charitable division, ...

  6. Cancer and African Americans

    ... Population Profiles > Black/African American > Cancer Cancer and African Americans African Americans have the highest mortality rate ... 65MB] At a glance – Top Cancer Sites for African Americans (2008-2012) Cancer Incidence Rates per 100, ...

  7. American Sign Language

    ... Health Info » Voice, Speech, and Language American Sign Language On this page: What is American Sign Language? ... signs "I love you." What is American Sign Language? American Sign Language (ASL) is a complete, complex ...

  8. Planting Trees in India.

    Oswald, James M.

    Reforestation is desperately needed in India. Three-fourths of the country's ground surface is experiencing desertification, and primitive forests are being destroyed. Reforestation would help moderate temperatures, increase ground water levels, improve soil fertility, and alleviate a wood shortage. In the past, people from the United States, such…

  9. A Passage to India

    Ørberg Jensen, Peter D.


    theoretical model that combines resource-based theory and international business network theory. It aims to investigate how determinants of the offshore outsourcing process contribute to the resource stocks of client firms. Based on two longitudinal case studies of offshore outsourcing to India, the study...

  10. Welcome to India


    India is a large country with 5,000 years of history. It is virtually a continent by itself.It is located in South Asia between Pakistan,China and Nepal. On its northern border lies the Himalayan Mountains, the highest

  11. Natural gas in India

    Contains Executive Summary and Chapters on: Country background; Overview of the energy sector; Natural gas supply; Natural gas infrastructure; Natural gas infrastructure; Natural gas demand; Outlook-government policy reform and industry development, and Appendices on Global and regional energy and gas trends; Overview of India's investment policy, incentives and regulation; The ENRON Dabhol power project. (Author)

  12. CAPTURED India Country Evaluation

    O'Donoghue, R.; Brouwers, J.H.A.M.


    This report provides the findings of the India Country Evaluation and is produced as part of the overall CAPTURED End Evaluation. After five years of support by the CAPTURED project the End Evaluation has assessed that results are commendable. I-AIM was able to design an approach in which health fol


    A. Prema


    This paper tries to explain the development of women movement in India and the status of women during the Vedic period and British period. It also tries to explain the position of women on the basis of socioeconomic – political empowerment.

  14. Vocationalising Education in India.

    Sacheti, A. K.; Ray, S.

    Since India gained its independence in 1947, three important commissions have examined the issue of educational reform. The first (in 1948) recommended a vocational emphasis in the intermediate (predegree) courses without sacrificing emphasis on preparation for university education. In 1954, the Secondary Education Commission resulted in the…




    Full Text Available Sustainable enlargement can best be achieved by permitting markets to work within an appropriate framework of cost efficient regulations and economic instruments. One of the major economic agents influencing overall industrial activity and economic growth is the financial institutions such as banking sector. In a globalised economy, the industries and firms are vulnerable to stringent environmental policies, severe law suits or consumer boycotts. Since banking sector is one of the major stake holders in the Industrial sector, it can find itself faced with credit risk and liability risks. Further, environmental impact might affect the quality of assets and also rate of return of banks in the long-run. Thus the banks should go green and play a pro-active role to take environmental and ecological aspects as part of their lending principle, which would force industries to go for mandated investment for environmental management, use of appropriate technologies and management systems. This paper explores the importance of Green Banking, sites international experiences and highlights important lessons for sustainable banking and development in India. However, we find that there has not been much initiative in this regard by the banks and other financial institutions in India though they play an active role in India's emerging economy. Therefore, we suggest possible policy measures and initiative to promote green banking in India.

  16. Calendars of India

    Mishra, Vinod K.


    This short monograph is devoted to different historical calendars prevalent in India from ancient times. They are classified and described with astronomical and historical details. Relationship of the calendrical elements to modern astronomical terminology has been explained. A proposal is outlined for modifying the calendar for removing inconsistencies and improving its accuracy.

  17. Demographics of pediatric burns in Vellore, India.

    Light, Timothy D; Latenser, Barbara A; Heinle, Jackie A; Stolpen, Margaret S; Quinn, Keely A; Ravindran, Vinitha; Chacko, Jacob


    The American Burn Association, Children's Burn Foundation, and Christian Medical College in Vellore, India have partnered together to improve pediatric burn care in Southern India. We report the demographics and outcomes of burns in this center, and create a benchmark to measure the effect of the partnership. A comparison to the National Burn Repository is made to allow for generalization and assessment to other burn centers, and to control for known confounders such as burn size, age, and mechanism. Charts from the pediatric burn center in Vellore, India were retrospectively reviewed and compared with data in the American Burn Association National Burn Registry (NBR) for patients younger than 16 years. One hundred nineteen pediatric patients with burns were admitted from January 2004 through April 2007. Average age was 3.8 years; average total body surface area burn was 24%: 64% scald, 30% flame, 6% electric. Annual death rate was 10%, with average fatal total body surface area burn was 40%. Average lengths of stay for survivors was 15 days. Delay of presentation was common (45% of all patients). Thirty-five of 119 patients received operations (29%). Flame burn patients were older (6.1 years vs 2.6 years), larger (30 vs 21%), had a higher fatality rate (19.4 vs 7.7%), and more of them were female (55 vs 47%) compared with scald burn patients. Electric burn patients were oldest (8.3 years) and all male. When compared with data in the NBR, average burn size was larger in Vellore (24 vs 9%). The mortality rate was higher in Vellore (10.1 vs 0.5%). The average mortal burn size in Vellore was smaller (40 vs 51%). Electric burns were more common in Vellore (6.0 vs 1.6%). Contact burns were almost nonexistent in Vellore (0.9 vs 13.1%). The differences in pediatric burn care from developing health care systems to burn centers in the US are manifold. Nonpresentation of smaller cases, and incomplete data in the NBR explain many of the differences. However, burns at this

  18. India's population in transition.

    Visaria, L; Visaria, P


    This demographic profile of India addresses fertility, family planning, and economic issues. India is described as a country shifting from economic policies of self-reliance to active involvement in international trade. Wealth has increased, particularly at higher educational levels, yet 25% still live below the official poverty line and almost 66% of Indian women are illiterate. The government program in family planning, which was instituted during the early 1950s, did not change the rate of natural increase, which remained stable at 2.2% over the past 30 years. 1993 marked the first time the growth rate decline to under 2%. The growth rate in 1995 was 1.9%. The total population is expected double in 36 years. Only Nigeria, Pakistan, and Bangladesh had a higher growth rate and higher fertility in 1995. India is geographically diverse (with the northern Himalayan mountain zone, the central alluvial plains, the western desert region, and the southern peninsula with forest, mountains, and plains). There are regional differences in the fertility rates, which range from replacement level in Kerala and Goa to 5.5 children in Uttar Pradesh. Fertility is expected to decline throughout India due to the slower pace of childbearing among women over the age of 35 years, the increase in contraceptive use, and increases in marriage age. Increased educational levels in India and its state variations are related to lower fertility. Literacy campaigns are considered to be effective means of increasing the educational levels of women. Urbanization is not expected to markedly affect fertility levels. Urban population, which is concentrated in a few large cities, remains a small proportion of total population. Greater shifts are evident in the transition from agriculture to other wage labor. Fertility is expected to decline as women's share of labor force activity increases. The major determinant of fertility decline in India is use of family planning, which has improved in access

  19. Integrating candidate metabolites and biochemical factors to elucidate the action mechanism of Xue-sai-tong injection based on (1)H NMR metabolomics.

    Jiang, Miaomiao; Zhao, Xiaoping; Wang, Linli; Xu, Lei; Zhang, Yan; Li, Zheng


    A strategy of integrating candidate metabolites with crucial biochemical factors was proposed in this study to discover relevant biological functions for interpreting the action mechanism of Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM). This approach was applied to Xue-Sai-Tong injection (XST) to reveal the action mechanism based on the metabolic response in an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) rat model by analyzing NMR profile. Partial least squares discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) was used to compare metabolic profiles of serum samples and revealed nine metabolites altered by I/R injury could be restored to normal status (sham-operated group) under the therapy of XST. The pathway enrichment analysis suggested the metabolic changes were mainly involved in pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis, and citrate cycle. The functional roles of the candidate metabolites were further identified by Pearson correlation analysis with the key biochemical factors in serum. The results indicated pyruvate, succinate, acetate and lysine showed significant associations with the oxidative stress factors. Elevated level of pyruvate was found as an essential metabolic response for the major effect of XST against I/R injury by enhancing glycolysis and overcoming the induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). This metabolomics approach provides a better understanding of the mechanisms of TCM and helps to develop a holistic view of TCM efficacy. PMID:26862062

  20. Characterization and classification or the first meteorite fall in Varre-Sai town, southeast Brazil, using X-ray microfluorescence technique

    Alves, Haimon D.L. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (COPPE/UFRJ), RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao de Engenharia. Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Assis, Joaquim T. de, E-mail: joaquim@iprj.uerj.b [Instituto Politecnico do Rio de Janeiro (IPRJ/UERJ), Nova Friburgo, RJ (Brazil); Valeriano, Claudio [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia; Turbay, Caio [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo (UFES), Alegre, ES (Brazil). Dept. de Geologia


    On the night of June 19th, 2010, a meteorite fell nearby the town of Varre-Sai, Rio de Janeiro state, southeast Brazil. A small part of it was found and taken for analysis. A meteorite analysis can give researchers a better understanding of the origins of the Universe. However, some of the most traditionalist methods of characterization and classification of meteorites are destructive. In this paper we present the results of a chemical analysis and classification of this particular meteorite using X-ray microfluorescence ({mu}XRF), a non-destructive technique that allows for a quick and easy elemental analysis within the range of micrometers. Both sides of the meteorite were measured, 35 points in total, using Artax, a state of the art {mu}XRF system developed by Bruker, at 50 kV tension and 700 {mu}A current. Quantitative analysis using direct comparison of counting rates method showed concentrations of iron and nickel together of roughly 7.86%. We found that it is possible to distinguish this meteorite from most of the categories as an ordinary L-type chondrite but a more thorough analysis might be necessary so as to obtain a more detailed classification. (author)

  1. Renewable energy in India; Duurzame energie in India

    Schilt, R.C.A. [DWA Installatie- en energieadvies, Bodegraven (Netherlands); Menon, R.M. (ed.)


    India is considered to be, more or less, one of Asia's economic tigers. The expectation is that India's energy consumption will increase dramatically. The Indian government's policy is aimed at giving renewable energy sources a considerable role in the energy supply in the near future. India is already one of the top three countries in the use of wind energy, and the former British colony has several hydro-electric power plants.

  2. India dokfilmide paremik jõuab taaralinna


    Tartus täna algavatest India dokumentaalfilmide päevadest, mida korraldavad Maailmafilmi festival, Eesti Rahva Muuseum ja organisatsioon Films For Freedom India. Lisatud nimekiri "India dokfilmi päevad"

  3. Traveling with Cognitive Tests: Testing the Validity of a KABC-II Adaptation in India

    Malda, Maike; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari; Transler, Catherine; Sukumar, Prathima


    The authors evaluated the adequacy of an extensive adaptation of the American Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, second edition (KABC-II), for 6- to 10-year-old Kannada-speaking children of low socioeconomic status in Bangalore, South India. The adapted KABC-II was administered to 598 children. Subtests showed high reliabilities, the…

  4. Nuclear power in India

    Claim for economic superiority of the nuclear power over the coal-based thermal power is advanced on various grounds by the authorities concerned with organization of atomic energy in India. This claim is critically examined. At the outset, it is pointed out that data on cost of nuclear power available to the Indian researchers for detailed and rational analysis of the problem are limited only to whatever appears in official publications and are not adequate for working out reasonable cost estimates for scrutiny. Available official data are summarised. Taking into account the cost factors related to capital outlay, fuel input, transportation of fuel supplies and disposal of nuclear wastes from nuclear power plants, it is shown that the superiority of the nuclear power over the thermal one on economic grounds is not established in India in the present context. (M.G.B.)

  5. Severe Flooding in India


    Floods devestated parts of eastern India along the Brahmaputra River in June 2000. In some tributaries of the Brahmaputra, the water reached more than 5 meters (16.5 feet) above flood stage. At least 40 residents died, and the flood waters destroyed a bridge linking the region to the rest of India. High water also threatened endangered Rhinos in Kaziranga National Park. Flooded areas are shown in red in the above image. The map was derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data taken on June 15, 2000. For more information on observing floods with satellites, see: Using Satellites to Keep our Head above Water and the Dartmouth Flood Observatory Image by the Dartmouth Flood Observatory

  6. Hemovigilance Program-India

    Akanksha Bisht


    Full Text Available A centralized hemovigilance program to assure patient safety and to promote public health has been launched for the first time in India on Dec 10, 2012 in 60 medical colleges in the first phase along with a well-structured program for monitoring adverse reactions associated with blood transfusion and blood product administration. National Institute of Biologicals (NIB will be the National Coordinating Centre for Hemovigilance. This program will be implemented under overall ambit of Pharmacovigilance Program of India (PvPI, which is being coordinated by Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC. All medical colleges of the country will be enrolled in this program by the year 2016 in order to have a National Centre of Excellence for Hemovigilance at NIB, which will act as a global knowledge platform.

  7. Jacob Chandy: pioneering neurosurgeon of India.

    Abraham, Jacob; Mathai, K V; Rajshekhar, Vedantam; Narayan, Raj K


    Jacob Chandy, who passed away in 2007 at the age of 97, was born into a deeply religious Christian family in Kerala, South India. After obtaining his medical education at the Madras Medical College, Madras, he serendipitously came to work with Dr Paul Harrison, a renowned medical missionary, in the Gulf state of Bahrain. Harrison urged Chandy to pursue training in the fledgling specialty of neurosurgery in North America. Chandy received his neurosurgical training at the Montreal Neurological Institute with Wilder Penfield and in Chicago with Theodore Rasmussen. At Harrison's urging, Chandy decided to return to India after completing his training to work at the Christian Medical College in Vellore. Thus, it was in 1949 that Chandy established the first neurosurgery department in south Asia in Vellore. He initiated the first neurosurgical training program in India at the Christian Medical College in 1957, with a distinct North American neurosurgical tradition. He went on to train nearly 20 neurosurgeons, many of whom set up new departments of neurosurgery in their home states. Chandy also had several other remarkable achievements to his credit. Despite the pressures of clinical practice, he insisted on fostering both basic and clinical neurosciences within his department, an arrangement that persists to this day in the Department of Neurological Sciences at the Christian Medical College, Vellore. As the Principal (Dean) of the Christian Medical College, Chandy displayed his skills as a medical educator and administrator. In this role, he was instrumental in starting specialty training programs in several other medical and surgical disciplines. His greatest legacies survive in the form of the department that he founded and his trainees and their students who have helped to establish neurosurgery all over the country. PMID:20647965

  8. Crisis, Imbalances, and India

    Kumar, Rajiv; Vashisht, Pankaj


    With the revival of global economy, the issues of “exit policies” and rebalancing global growth have taken center stage in policy discussions. Since many emerging Asian economies presently have large current account surpluses, the issue of rebalancing has special significance for Asia. While India, like other Asian economies, suffered only an indirect impact from the financial crisis, its current policy challenges appear to be different from those facing the People’s Republic of China (PRC) a...

  9. Greening India's Growth

    Mani, Muthukumara S.


    India’s sustained and rapid economic growth offers an opportunity to lift millions out of poverty. But this may come at a steep cost to the nation’s environment and natural resources. This insightful book analyzes India’s growth from an economic perspective and assesses whether India can grow in a “green” and sustainable manner. Three key issues are addressed. The first is the physical and...

  10. Financial Growth in India

    M. Mahadeva


    Ever since the enactment of the Cooperative and Regional Rural Banks Acts and nationalisation of scheduled commercial banks, financial inclusion measures in India have led to physical expansion in the country. Unfortunately, the expansion has not brought about the necessary change in the backward and rural areas as financial services are yet to reach a vast majority of the population. The financial exclusion is characterised by limited service providers, limited goals and limited lending, bes...

  11. India Shadow Report

    HAQ Centre for Child Rights HAQCRC


    The gains made since ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) are plenty, but the reality of children’s situation is disturbing on many counts calling for urgent and serious attention. India may recognize its 41% child population3 as a demographic dividend, but cannot harp on it for too long if it fails to secure every right for every child. [HAQ CRC].

  12. Cancer notification in India

    Lakshmaiah, K. C.; B Guruprasad; Lokesh, K. N.; V S Veena


    In many developed countries, notification of cancer cases is compulsory. Developing countries including India accounts for more than half of new cancer cases in the world, however notification of cancer is not yet mandatory. The primary purpose of notification is to effect prevention and control and better utilization of resources. It is also a valuable source for incidence, prevalence, mortality and morbidity of the disease. Notification of cancer will lead to improved awareness of common et...

  13. Corporate governance in India

    Chakrabarti, Rajesh; William L. Megginson; Yadav, Pradeep K.


    This study describes the Indian corporate governance system and examines how the system has both supported and held back India's ascent to the top ranks of the world's economies. While on paper the country's legal system provides some of the best investor protection in the world, enforcement is a major problem with slow, over-burdened courts and significant corruption. Ownership remains concentrated and family business groups continue to be the dominant business model. There is significant py...


    Ravikumar, R.; S.D. SIVAKUMAR; M. JAWAHARLAL; N. Venkatesa Palanichamy; D. Sureshkumar


    Financial literacy is gaining importance in recent years as number new products have been continuously offered in the financial markets. Whatever the type of business such as corporates, small business and family run business the financial management is vital important. Financial literacy enables the efficient financial management ultimately results in increased profitability and reduces cost. The global researchers indicated that, India is least financially literate country. Keeping these th...

  15. India's draft nuclear doctrine

    India's draft nuclear doctrine and its nuclear and missile testing are a response to recent international, regional and domestic developments. Nehru's policy of nuclear disarmament, non-discriminatory international arrangements and unilateral restraint has been overturned in favour of self-reliant security and negotiated nuclear restraints. The draft nuclear doctrine is aimed at transparency and formalization of existing capacities. It is anchored in the United Nations Charter, based on the legitimacy of self-defence and espouses minimum nuclear deterrence. After the launching of Pokhran II, the debate in India has been settled on weaponization and deployment. The doctrine is not country-specific with respect to threat perceptions, but the author posits that the long-term focus is on China and the short-term on Pakistan. The doctrine emphasizes civilian command and control. India's decision to test incurred diplomatic and other economic costs, but afforded new opportunities for the country to assert itself militarily and politically in Asia and in the world. There were no diplomatic costs in issuing the draft nuclear doctrine, but the author estimates the economic costs of a full-blown (triad) Indian nuclear deterrent. (author)

  16. ADS National Programmes: India

    Initial preliminary studies in India on ADS concepts were aimed toward applications such as, one way coupled booster reactor concept, thorium burner concept, enhancement of breeding rate of thorium– fueled fast reactors, and to incinerate Pu and minor actinides discharged from heavy water and fast reactors. These studies led to a roadmap on development of ADS subsystems in India, which was chalked out initially in June 2001. It was realized in these studies that the most challenging subsystem in terms of technology development and capital investment for ADS in India would be the high intensity proton accelerator, and that it must be accomplished in phased manner. Of the two alternative accelerator types, viz. the cyclotron and linear accelerator (linac), it is concluded that only linac would provide the necessary intense beam current for ADS applications. The energy amplifier (EA) scheme, with lead (45.5%) bismuth (55.5%) eutectic (LBE) as target & coolant, which was proposed in the early nineties would be one of the desired configurations of ADS for Indian applications. Additionally, subcritical reactor core of Indian Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR), with advantages of its low fission power density, and neutron economy is also a candidate among various ADS reactor configurations. These options of ADS configurations for thorium utilization are based on the neutronic properties of 233U isotope as fissile fuel, which are more or less similar in thermal and in moderately fast neutron spectra

  17. [Child marriage in India].

    Wen, J


    Child marriages have been practiced in India for thousands of years. Even though its popularity has now decreased due to changes in law and society, it is still a major problem, causing a great deal of hardship. Even though laws prohibited child marriage as early as 1860, statistics show that, on the average, Indians marry very young (1972: females at age 17; males at age 22 years of age; 34 females and 13 males under age 15). The following are incentives to marry young and have large families: 1) religion teaches that only those with descendants go to heaven; 2) unmarried women are traditionally scorned; and 3) most importantly, economic reasons encourage people to have large families as soon as possible, e.g., male children are encouraged to marry to obtain the dowry as soon as possible and children are considered a source of income in India. Child marriage in India causes the following problems: 1) a high infant mortality rate, as much as 75% in rural areas; 2) an imbalance in the male to female ratio (1901: 970 females/1000 males; 1971: 930 females/1000 males) because women who marry young tend to lose their health earlier; 3) a population explosion: in 1971, the Indian population was found to be increasing at the rate of 225/1000. PMID:12159404

  18. Dengue in India.

    Gupta, Nivedita; Srivastava, Sakshi; Jain, Amita; Chaturvedi, Umesh C


    Dengue virus belongs to family Flaviviridae, having four serotypes that spread by the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. It causes a wide spectrum of illness from mild asymptomatic illness to severe fatal dengue haemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS). Approximately 2.5 billion people live in dengue-risk regions with about 100 million new cases each year worldwide. The cumulative dengue diseases burden has attained an unprecedented proportion in recent times with sharp increase in the size of human population at risk. Dengue disease presents highly complex pathophysiological, economic and ecologic problems. In India, the first epidemic of clinical dengue-like illness was recorded in Madras (now Chennai) in 1780 and the first virologically proved epidemic of dengue fever (DF) occurred in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and Eastern Coast of India in 1963-1964. During the last 50 years a large number of physicians have treated and described dengue disease in India, but the scientific studies addressing various problems of dengue disease have been carried out at limited number of centres. Achievements of Indian scientists are considerable; however, a lot remain to be achieved for creating an impact. This paper briefly reviews the extent of work done by various groups of scientists in this country. PMID:23041731

  19. Carbon taxes and India

    Fisher-Vanden, K.A.; Pitcher, H.M.; Edmonds, J.A.; Kim, S.H. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Shukla, P.R. [Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (India)


    Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India`s rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) {open_quotes}Grandfathered emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) {open_quotes}Equal per capita emissions{close_quotes}: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions.

  20. Shigellosis: Epidemiology in India.

    Taneja, Neelam; Mewara, Abhishek


    Shigellosis is one of the major causes of diarrhoea in India. The accurate estimates of morbidity and mortality due to shigellosis are lacking, though it is endemic in the country and has been reported to cause many outbreaks. The limited information available indicates Shigella to be an important food- borne pathogen in India. S. flexneri is the most common species, S. sonnei and non-agglutinable Shigellae seem to be steadily surfacing, while S. dysenteriae has temporarily disappeared from the northern and eastern regions. Antibiotic-resistant strains of different Shigella species and serotypes have emerged all over the world. Especially important is the global emergence of multidrug resistant Shigellae, notably the increasing resistance to third generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones, and also azithromycin. This calls for a continuous and strong surveillance of antibiotic resistance across the country for periodic updation of the local antibiograms. The prevention of shigellosis is desirable as it will substantially reduce the morbidity associated with diarrhoea in the country. Public health measures like provision of safe water and adequate sanitation are of immense importance to reduce the burden of shigellosis, however, the provision of resources to develop such an infrastructure in India is a complex issue and will take time to resolve. Thus, the scientific thrust should be focused towards development of a safe and affordable multivalent vaccine. this review is focused upon the epidemiology, disease burden and the therapeutic challenges of shigellosis in Indian perspective. PMID:27487999

  1. Child maltreatment in India.

    Singhi, Pratibha; Saini, Arushi Gahlot; Malhi, Prabhjot


    Child maltreatment is a global problem but is more difficult to assess and manage in developing countries such as India where one-fifth of the world's total child population resides. Certain forms of maltreatment such as feticide, infanticide, abandonment, child labour, street-begging, corporal punishment and battered babies are particularly prevalent in India. Most physicians still need to be sensitized in order to suspect child abuse on the basis of unexplained trauma, multiple fractures, parental conflict and other corroborative evidence. This article summarizes the various aspects of this major problem in resource-poor settings in the hope that it will assist in the planning of services addressing child physical and sexual abuse and neglect in India and in other developing countries. A culture of non-violence towards children needs to be built into communities in order to provide an environment conducive to the overall development of the child. Rehabilitation of abused children and their families requires a multi-disciplinary service including paediatricians, child psychologists and social workers, and the training of police forces in how to tackle the problem. PMID:24070123

  2. Shigellosis: Epidemiology in India

    Taneja, Neelam; Mewara, Abhishek


    Shigellosis is one of the major causes of diarrhoea in India. The accurate estimates of morbidity and mortality due to shigellosis are lacking, though it is endemic in the country and has been reported to cause many outbreaks. The limited information available indicates Shigella to be an important food-borne pathogen in India. S. flexneri is the most common species, S. sonnei and non-agglutinable shigellae seem to be steadily surfacing, while S. dysenteriae has temporarily disappeared from the northern and eastern regions. Antibiotic-resistant strains of different Shigella species and serotypes have emerged all over the world. Especially important is the global emergence of multidrug resistant shigellae, notably the increasing resistance to third generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones, and also azithromycin. This calls for a continuous and strong surveillance of antibiotic resistance across the country for periodic updation of the local antibiograms. The prevention of shigellosis is desirable as it will substantially reduce the morbidity associated with diarrhoea in the country. Public health measures like provision of safe water and adequate sanitation are of immense importance to reduce the burden of shigellosis, however, the provision of resources to develop such an infrastructure in India is a complex issue and will take time to resolve. Thus, the scientific thrust should be focused towards development of a safe and affordable multivalent vaccine. This review is focused upon the epidemiology, disease burden and the therapeutic challenges of shigellosis in Indian perspective. PMID:27487999

  3. Mental hospitals in India.

    Krishnamurthy, K; Venugopal, D; Alimchandani, A K


    This review traces the history of the mental hospital movement, initially on the world stage, and later in India, in relation to advances in psychiatric care. Mental hospitals have played a significant role in the evolution of psychiatry to its present statusThe earliest hospital in India were established during the British colonial rule. They served as a means to isolate mentally ill persons from the societal mainstream and provide treatments that were in vogue at the time. Following India's independence, there has been a trend towards establishing general hospital psychiatry units and deinstitutionalization, while at the same time improving conditions in the existing mental hospitals.Since 1947, a series of workshops of superintendents was conducted to review the prevailing situations in mental hospitals and to propose recommendations to improve the same. Implementation of the Mental Health Act, 1987, and grovernmental focus upon mental hospital reform have paved way for a more specific and futuristic role for mental hospitals in planning psychiatric services for the new millenium, especially for severe mental illnesses. PMID:21407925

  4. Energy for rural India

    About 72 million households in rural India do not have access to electricity and rely primarily on traditional biofuels. This research investigates how rural electrification could be achieved in India using different energy sources and what the effects for climate change mitigation could be. We use the Regional Energy Model (REM) to develop scenarios for rural electrification for the period 2005-2030 and to assess the effects on greenhouse gas emissions, primary energy use and costs. We compare the business-as-usual scenario (BAU) with different electrification scenarios based on electricity from renewable energy, diesel and the grid. Our results indicate that diesel systems tend to have the highest CO2 emissions, followed by grid systems. Rural electrification with primarily renewable energy-based end-uses could save up to 99% of total CO2 emissions and 35% of primary energy use in 2030 compared to BAU. Our research indicates that electrification with decentralised diesel systems is likely to be the most expensive option. Rural electrification with renewable energy tends to be the most cost-effective option when end-uses are predominantly based on renewable energy, but turns out to be more costly than grid extensions when electric end-use devices are predominantly used. This research therefore elaborates whether renewable energy is a viable option for rural electrification and climate change mitigation in rural India and gives policy recommendations.

  5. Gerenciamento Adaptativo do SAI de Acácia Negra: uma abordagem sob a ótica da auto-organização sustentável

    Keitiline Ramos Viacava


    Full Text Available Com o surgimento do conceito de Gerenciamento Florestal Sustentável (GFS, as agroindústrias florestais vêm sendo pressionadas a tomar decisões baseadas em princípios de sustentabilidade, impulsionando todos os demais elos da cadeia à certificação. No Brasil acontece um processo que espelha este momento no Sistema Agroindustrial de Acácia Negra. Isso ocorre, entretanto, em um contexto complexo, implicando decisões ambíguas e arriscadas no âmbito dos ecossistemas florestais. Assim, propõe-se a seguinte questão: quais ações estratégicas estão sendo adotadas pelos produtores florestais e como elas se relacionam com os riscos na gestão do SAI de Acácia Negra? O objetivo é analisar o processo de desenvolvimento e implementação de ações estratégicas capazes de promover ou desencorajar a auto-organização sustentável do sistema (i.e. certificação florestal. A fundamentação teórica inicia-se com uma perspectiva sistêmica orientada ao estudo das organizações e estratégias sustentáveis. Em seguida, integram-se discussões mais especificamente relacionadas às decisões, estratégias e riscos no âmbito da propriedade rural. Como metodologia incorpora-se a Post-normal science, com enfoque qualitativo. Como resultado, identifica-se que as ações estratégicas adotadas pelos produtores florestais estão dialogicamente relacionadas aos riscos, podendo exercer influências complementares, concorrentes e até antagônicas.

  6. Field culture of American strain of Artemia in India

    Royan, J.P.; Sumitra-Vijayaraghavan; Krishnakumari, L.

    Pilot scale culture of Artemia was carried out in a 0.22 ha condenser unit of salt pans. Pond was fertilized with inorganic salts. The nauplii of San Francisco Bay, USA strain were inoculated. Within a period of 5 months a production of 20.6 kg dry...

  7. India hiilgav viletsus / Andrei Hvostov

    Hvostov, Andrei, 1963-


    Hiinat nimetatakse maailma töökojaks, Indiat aga bürooks (back office), võrdlus põhineb India IT-firmade edul - kõik tegevused, mida saab teha arvutite abil, kipuvad kolima Indiasse. Tulevikuriik India on hädas keskaegsete tavadega

  8. The Danish East India Company

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig


    The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la......The article analysis the first Danish East India Company incorporated in 1616, which was the first Danish Stock Company and which has impacts even on modern Danish company la...

  9. Indigenisation of Psychology in India

    Dalal, Ajit K.


    Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

  10. India and the Green Revolution.

    Hilden, Clark G.

    In the 1960s it was predicted that famine would strike India because the country lacked the necessary resources to feed its rapidly growing population. Yet, in the 1970s and 1980s new agricultural developments occured that have helped abate the crisis. These developments comprise what is now called the Green Revolution. India's food/population…

  11. Adult Education in India & Abroad.

    Roy, Nikhil Ranjan

    A survey is made of various aspects of adult education in India since 1947, together with comparative accounts of the origin, development, and notable features of adult education in Denmark, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States. Needs and objectives in India, largely in the eradication of illiteracy, are set forth, and pertinent…

  12. Astronomy and Astrophysics in India

    Narlikar, J.; Murdin, P.


    The growth in astronomy and astrophysics (A&A) in India has been mostly since the country achieved independence in 1947. The present work is carried out in a few select research institutes and in some university departments. The Astronomical Society of India has around 300 working A&A scientists as members, with another 50-60 graduate students....

  13. CDM Country Guide for India

    Under the Integrated Capacity Strengthening for the CDM (ICS-CDM) programme, IGES presents the CDM Country Guides, a series of manuals on CDM project development for Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. These guidebooks aim at facilitating CDM project developments in Asia by providing essential information to both project developers and potential investors. This volume is on India

  14. Obesity and African Americans

    ... Data > Minority Population Profiles > Black/African American > Obesity Obesity and African Americans African American women have the ... ss6304.pdf [PDF | 3.38MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  15. Viewing India from Religious Angle

    Qiu Yonghui


    @@ It would be impossible to understand India without any knowledge about the religions of this country. India is a developing country with many religions, nationalities and languages. This nation has long been noted for its democratic politics and multiculture. India was founded on the principle of secularism, but at the same time it has suffered from religions. Therefore, to have a clear idea about the basic conditions of India's multiple religious beliefs is the foundation for studies of its religions of the country, and is also one key to grasping Indian social politics. In early September 2004, the Indian government published religious data from the 2001 census. Accordingly, we can make some basic judgments about the religions in today's India.

  16. Electromagnetic Education in India

    Bajpai Shrish


    Full Text Available Out of the four fundamental interactions in nature, electromagnetics is one of them along with gravitation, strong interaction and weak interaction. The field of electromagnetics has made much of the modern age possible. Electromagnets are common in day-to-day appliances and are becoming more conventional as the need for technology increases. Electromagnetism has played a vital role in the progress of human kind ever since it has been understood. Electromagnets are found everywhere. One can find them in speakers, doorbells, home security systems, anti-shoplifting systems, hard drives, mobiles, microphones, Maglev trains, motors and many other everyday appliances and products. Before diving into the education system, it is necessary to reiterate its importance in various technologies that have evolved over time. Almost every domain of social life has electromagnetic playing its role. Be it the mobile vibrators you depend upon, a water pump, windshield wipers during rain and the power windows of your car or even the RFID tags that may ease your job during shopping. A flavor of electromagnetics is essential during primary level of schooling for the student to understand its future prospects and open his/her mind to a broad ocean of ideas. Due to such advancements this field can offer, study on such a field is highly beneficial for a developing country like India. The paper presents the scenario of electromagnetic education in India, its importance and numerous schemes taken by the government of India to uplift and acquaint the people about the importance of EM and its applications.

  17. Historiography, American Theatre, and the First Americans.

    Jenkins, Linda Walsh

    American theatre history should include a study of Native American performances, since these performances are rich with "American" symbolic materials such as imagery, symbols, and heraldic visions of animals and landscapes. Indian cultures understood the importance of performance for both the visionary and the community at large. Even the pow-wow…

  18. Efeito de sais quaternários de amônio na organofilização de uma argila bentonita nacional Effect of quaternary ammonium salts on the organophilization of national bentonite clay

    R. Barbosa


    Full Text Available A bentonita, composta predominantemente pelo argilomineral montmorilonita que lhe confere as propriedades físicas concentra a maior parte das reservas nacionais (62% no Estado da Paraíba. A transformação da bentonita em argila organofílica consiste em um procedimento laboratorial simples e pode ser realizada através de reação de troca dos cátions (Na+ ou Ca2+ presentes na superfície e no espaço interlamelar dos argilominerais, por cátions de sais quaternários de amônio. Neste trabalho as bentonitas organofílicas foram preparadas utilizando quatro tipos diferentes de sais quaternários de amônio, tais como: cloreto de alquil dimetil benzil amônio (Dodigen, cloreto de estearil dimetil amônio (Praepagen, cloreto de cetil trimetil amônio (Genamin e brometo de cetil trimetil amônio (Cetremide. As argilas organofilizadas foram caracterizadas por termogravimetria, difração de raios X, análise química e por fluorescência de raios X. Os resultados confirmaram a incorporação dos sais quaternários de amônio na estrutura da argila e mostraram que dois dos quatro sais quaternários utilizados, o Praepagen e o Cetremide apresentaram uma faixa maior de estabilidade térmica.Bentonite clay, mainly composed by montmorillonite that provides the physical properties, concentrates the majority of the national reserve (62% in the Paraíba State. The transformation of bentonite clay to organoclay is made with a simple laboratory procedure and this modification can be obtained by cation (Na+ or Ca2+ exchange reaction that are present on the surface and in the interlayer space of the mineral clays by quaternary ammonium salts. In this, the organoclays bentonite were preparedwith four different types of quaternary ammonium salts such as alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride (Dodigen, esthearildimethylammonium chloride (Praepagen, cethyltrimethylammonium chloride (Genamin and cethyltrimethylammonium bromide (Cetremide. The organoclays were

  19. Asset Poverty in India

    Swati Dutta


    In order to formulate policy to target the correctly identified rural poor in India, focus on an income poverty measure alone is insufficient. The purpose of this research is to study a new area of poverty measurement based on data that detail a household’s access to basic assets. The study has used the secondary data source provided by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) for the time period of 1992, 1998 and 2005. In order to construct the asset index the technique of multiple correspo...

  20. Child Abuse in India

    Mohammad Reza Iravani


    Child abuse is harm to, or neglect of, a child by another person, whether adult or child. Child abuse happens in all cultural, ethnic, and income groups. Child abuse can be physical, emotional - verbal, sexual or through neglect. Abuse may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death. A problem that is only beginning to come into light in India rape, sexual abuse, and sexual harassment are worldwide issues of gender violence. There is very little research done in this area i...

  1. Earth - India and Australia


    This color image of the Earth was obtained by the Galileo spacecraft on Dec. 11, 1990, when the spacecraft was about 1.5 million miles from the Earth. The color composite used images taken through the red, green and violet filters. India is near the top of the picture, and Australia is to the right of center. The white, sunlit continent of Antarctica is below. Picturesque weather fronts are visible in the South Pacific, lower right. This is a frame of the Galileo Earth spin movie, a 500-frame time-lapse motion picture showing a 25-hour period of Earth's rotation and atmospheric dynamics.

  2. Mathematics in India

    Plofker, Kim


    Based on extensive research in Sanskrit sources, Mathematics in India chronicles the development of mathematical techniques and texts in South Asia from antiquity to the early modern period. Kim Plofker reexamines the few facts about Indian mathematics that have become common knowledge--such as the Indian origin of Arabic numerals--and she sets them in a larger textual and cultural framework. The book details aspects of the subject that have been largely passed over in the past, including the relationships between Indian mathematics and astronomy, and their cross-fertilizations with Islamic sc

  3. Las Indias olvidadas

    Padrón, Ricardo


    Ya que las Islas Filipinas fueron colonizadas desde América, y fueron gobernadas durante mas que dos siglos desde el Virreinato de la Nueva España, la cartografía imperial española de esta colonia lejana solía representarla como parte de un mundo trans-pacífico, atada a la imagen cartográfica del Nuevo Mundo. Este intento involucraba otro mas ambicioso de considerar a lo que normalmente llamamos las Indias Orientales como el extremo occidente del hemisferio hispánico, un proyecto que se puede...

  4. Child Abuse in India

    Mohammad Reza Iravani


    Full Text Available Child abuse is harm to, or neglect of, a child by another person, whether adult or child. Child abuse happens in all cultural, ethnic, and income groups. Child abuse can be physical, emotional - verbal, sexual or through neglect. Abuse may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death. A problem that is only beginning to come into light in India rape, sexual abuse, and sexual harassment are worldwide issues of gender violence. There is very little research done in this area in India and only a few books have been written, keeping the subject even further from the consciousness of the country. However, the problem persists with staggering incidence, and Indians unique profile adds to the complexity of an already difficult subject. Fortunately, the issue of child sexual abuse is slowly becoming a more recognized issue, and for this reason, this paper will focus much on sexual abuse against minor children: the laws, victims, and perpetrators. Finally, an analysis of the aspects of Indian culture that make this issue particularly difficult to understand and cope with will be presented.

  5. Nuclear Medicine in India

    R.D. Lele


    Full Text Available The regular supply of radiopharmaceuticals and radioimmunoassay kits from BARC has been an important factor in the development of nuclear medicine in India. However, a major stumbling block has been the non-availability of suitable instrumentation systems (especially the computer-assisted gamma camera at an affordable price. Two recent developments, viz., the creation of the Board of Radioisotope Technology by the Department of Atomic Energy, and the efforts of Electronic Corporation of India Ltd. to design indigenously a gamma camera with a computer attachment, hold promise for the future healthy and rapid growth of nuclear medicine in the country. Training in nuclear medicine at the post-graduate level is gradually picking up. Nuclear medicine is essentially applied physiology and biochemistry, and provides an orientation, different from those of the anatomist and physiologist. The gamma camera, SPECT and PET enable the study of dynamic metabolic function resolution to spatial and temporal resolutions. Newer developments in tagged monoclonal antibodies hold promise for a better understanding of infectious and inflammatory disease which are a burden in the developing countries.

  6. Carbon taxes and India

    Using the Indian module of the Second Generation Model 9SGM, we explore a reference case and three scenarios in which greenhouse gas emissions were controlled. Two alternative policy instruments (carbon taxes and tradable permits) were analyzed to determine comparative costs of stabilizing emissions at (1) 1990 levels (the 1 X case), (2) two times the 1990 levels (the 2X case), and (3) three times the 1990 levels (the 3X case). The analysis takes into account India's rapidly growing population and the abundance of coal and biomass relative to other fuels. We also explore the impacts of a global tradable permits market to stabilize global carbon emissions on the Indian economy under the following two emissions allowance allocation methods: (1) open-quotes Grandfathered emissionsclose quotes: emissions allowances are allocated based on 1990 emissions. (2) open-quotes Equal per capita emissionsclose quotes: emissions allowances are allocated based on share of global population. Tradable permits represent a lower cost method to stabilize Indian emissions than carbon taxes, i.e., global action would benefit India more than independent actions

  7. Holocene aridification of India

    Ponton, Camilo; Giosan, Liviu; Eglinton, Tim I.; Fuller, Dorian Q.; Johnson, Joel E.; Kumar, Pushpendra; Collett, Tim S.


    Spanning a latitudinal range typical for deserts, the Indian peninsula is fertile instead and sustains over a billion people through monsoonal rains. Despite the strong link between climate and society, our knowledge of the long-term monsoon variability is incomplete over the Indian subcontinent. Here we reconstruct the Holocene paleoclimate in the core monsoon zone (CMZ) of the Indian peninsula using a sediment core recovered offshore from the mouth of Godavari River. Carbon isotopes of sedimentary leaf waxes provide an integrated and regionally extensive record of the flora in the CMZ and document a gradual increase in aridity-adapted vegetation from ˜4,000 until 1,700 years ago followed by the persistence of aridity-adapted plants after that. The oxygen isotopic composition of planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber detects unprecedented high salinity events in the Bay of Bengal over the last 3,000 years, and especially after 1,700 years ago, which suggest that the CMZ aridification intensified in the late Holocene through a series of sub-millennial dry episodes. Cultural changes occurred across the Indian subcontinent as the climate became more arid after ˜4,000 years. Sedentary agriculture took hold in the drying central and south India, while the urban Harappan civilization collapsed in the already arid Indus basin. The establishment of a more variable hydroclimate over the last ca. 1,700 years may have led to the rapid proliferation of water-conservation technology in south India.


    Umadevi Basavaraj Tegnoor


    Full Text Available India, Afghanistan is undoubtedly a very important partner in the region to project its power status and to secure its entry into energy rich and untapped markets of Central Asia. Strategic partnership between the two countries will create an "institutional framework" so that India can help in Afghan "capacity building" in the areas of education, development and people-to-people contacts. But the real motive was to secure its entry into the market of Central Asia and to block Pakistan. India helps Afghanistan's reconstruction in light of the enduring security competition between India and Pakistan. On the one hand are those who want to expand India's presence in Afghanistan through increased Indian development projects, and expanded economic ties. India's interest in Afghanistan is Pakistan-specific on one side, but more importantly, tied to India's desire to be and to be seen as an extra-regional power moving toward great power status. Strategic partnership agreement is to support, to reconstruct Afghanistan and future commitment at a time when other countries are talking of downsizing or even complete withdrawal.

  9. What Draws Tourists to India?



    N E W D ELH I, India (A P)——India is fast becom ing a topdestination for tourists thanks to an forceful cam paign to push thecountry s H im alayan spas(矿泉名胜)and beaches,officials say.Tourism officials have been crisscrossing the globe as part of thegovernm ents “Incredible India” cam paign launched lastyear. A nd theresults are beginning to show.Tourists traveling to India have jum ped by nearly 26percent fromlast year and the num ber is expected to cross 3m illion this year, saidA m itabh K ant,C hairm an ...

  10. Phosphorus availability in a low pH highly weathered soil as affected by added salts Disponibilidade de fósforo num solo ácido afetada pela aplicação de sais

    Paulo Roberto Ernani


    Full Text Available Concentration and identity of cations and anions in the soil solution may affect soil P reactions and thus P availability. The magnitude of these reactions was evaluated in this research after application of various salts to a highly weathered low pH soil. Chloride, nitrate, and sulfate salts of Na, NH4, K, Ca, Mg, Sr, or Cu were added to the soil after addition of 360mg P/kg trying to simulate ion concentrations around granules of fertilizers in the soil. Thirty days later, P was determined in the soil solution (Pli and on the solid phase (Psi. The soil samples of some treatments were leached with water and three days later a new soil solution was displaced. Separate addition of all salts increased Pli, except NaCl at the lowest rate. The increase of Pli was highly associatcd with amount of native cations displaced to the soil solution by the applied salts. Salt solubility, concentration, and sometimes identity of cation and anion also influenced Pli. Some salts decreased Psi, but this was not correlated with any soil property measured. The effects caused by salts on Pli and Psi disappeared after leaching the soil samples.A concentração eletrolítica e o tipo de cations e anions da solução do solo podem afetar as reações do fósforo com possíveis reflexos na disponibilidade de P aos vegetais. Nessa pesquisa quantificou-se o efeito de vários sais nos valores das determinações analíticas que afetam a disponibilidade de fósforo. Sais de nitrato, cloreto e sulfato foram aplicados a amostras de um alfisol ácido após a aplicação de 360mg P/kg, simulando concentrações que ocorrem no solo ao redor de grânulos de fertilizantes. Fósforo lábil (Psi e P na solução do solo (Pli foram determinados após 30 dias de incubação, antes e depois de percolar água pelo solo. Todos os sais aumentaram a concentração de P na solução do solo, exceto a menor dose de NaCl. O aumento do Pli foi correlacionado com a quantidade de cations

  11. East India Company Logbooks - Images

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This collection consists of images of 1,235 ship logbooks created during British East India Company voyages. Period of record 1786-1834, peaking in 1804. The...

  12. India: Project Control. Annex 7

    This annex deals with project control. India is a country with a long history of nuclear power development, mostly based on indigenous technology and resources. The nuclear power programme has suffered considerable delays due to technical and financial. (author)

  13. Foreign Direct Investment In India

    D. D. Kadam


    Full Text Available Economic reform programmecreate a essential radical changes which was required to encourage Indian companies to integrate India with global market .FDI become an important source of private external finance.

  14. Asian American-Pacific American Relations: The Asian American Perspective.

    Chan, Sucheng

    This paper examines the migration and settlement history of Asians into the United States and the interaction of the major Asian immigrants with each other and with American society. An important thesis is that, because the differences between Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are much greater than the similarities between them, they should no…

  15. Routine immunisation in India.

    Sagar, Karan S; Abdelmalik, Hashim; Wenger, Jay; Haldar, P; Goel, Naresh; Burgess, Craig


    Vaccine preventable diseases have been reduced in the country since the routine immunisation programme started in 1978 as the Expanded Programme on Immunisation, then in 1985 renamed as Universal Immunisation Programme. Re-emergence of some vaccine preventable disease is a concern to all and the Government of India has launched a new multiyear plan to strengthen the routine immunisation. A number of recommendations was made to address the weaknesses in the programme. Some newer initiatives were also made under the multiyear plan and National Rural Health Mission to strengthen the routine immunisation. The general practitioners can play a positive role while immunising children as per Universal Immunisation Programme. Routine immunisation is one of the key components of polio eradication. PMID:16821662

  16. Nuclear policy of India

    This paper analyses the Indian nuclear policy, doctrine, strategy and posture, clarifying the elastic concept of 'credible minimum deterrence' at the center of the country's approach to nuclear security. The Indian nuclear policy and thinking against the theories of nuclear war and strategic deterrence, nuclear escalation, and nuclear coercion, offers a strong theoretical grounding for the Indian approach to nuclear war and peace, nuclear deterrence and escalation, nonproliferation and disarmament, and to limited war in a nuclearized environment. On May 11 and 13, 1998, India tested a total of five nuclear devices in the desert stands at Pokhran. The tests caught the Indian public and the world by surprise. On other issues, while there were palpable differences of opinion in the country, the nature of the differences became progressively clearer, so that it is possible to delineate the major contending schools of thought on the future of Indian nuclear policy. (author)

  17. Comets in ancient India

    Gupta, Patrick Das


    The Indo-aryans of ancient India observed stars and constellations for ascertaining auspicious times for sacrificial rites ordained by vedas. It is but natural that they would have recounted in the vedic texts about comets. In Rigveda ($\\sim $ 1700 - 1500 BC) and Atharvaveda ($\\sim $ 1150 BC), there are references to dhumaketus and ketus, which stand for comets in Sanskrit. Varahamihira in 550 AD and Ballala Sena ($\\sim $ 1100 - 1200 AD) have described a large number of comets recorded by ancient seers such as Parashara, Vriddha Garga, Narada, Garga, etc. In this article, I conjecture that an episode narrated in Mahabharata of a radiant king, Nahusha, ruling the heavens, and later turning into a serpent after he had kicked the seer Agastya (also the star Canopus), is a mythological retelling of a cometary event.

  18. ICT Innovation in Contemporary India

    Rai, Sudhanshu; Chatterjee, Sutirtha; Sarker, Suprateek


    This paper discusses ICT innovation in India using a narrative framework. We argue that ICT innovation has not been a subject sufficiently researched in information systems from the perspective of innovation in developing countries. We use a grounded theory inspired approach. There are three...... narratives of innovation in India; a) the supply narrative, b) the technology narrative and c) the collaborative narrative. We trace the evolution of these narratives...

  19. Voice and Data Solutions (India)

    Sumita Mishra; Rajen K. Gupta


    VDS Inc., based in California, US, was founded by three Indian entrepreneurs in January 2000. The company provided VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) solutions to wireless, wire line and cable service providers in the US, Europe, and recently, Asia. VDS India, based in Noida, India, was established in September 2000 as the offshore product development base of VDS Inc. The product portfolio of VDS Inc. was steadily growing and gaining recognition in the industry. As a result, the product deve...

  20. Health in India Since Independence

    Amrith, Sunil S.


    This paper suggests that history is essential to an understanding of the challenges facing health policy in India today. Institutional trajectories matter, and the paper tries to show that a history of under-investment and poor health infrastructure in the colonial period continued to shape the conditions of possibility for health policy in India after independence. The focus of the paper is on the insights intellectual history may bring to our understanding of deeply rooted features of publi...

  1. The Posture of India's Rise

    Ma Jiali


    @@ India, a large developing country with a population of 1.1 billion,has experienced robust economic growth in recent years. As its economic power steadily builds, its military might, diplomatic the ac-tivities and even its cultural influence are expanding, resulting in its strategic rise. The international community universally believes that India has set foot on the path to become a major power.

  2. Sociology of work in India

    Bhowmik, Sharit K.


    "This paper attempts to examine the development of sociology of work in India. It will lay greater stress on current research and will try to assess the discipline's position in academia and other fields. A brief background on the nature of Indian society, the process of industrialization in India and the subsequent emergence of studies relating to work will help in understanding the changing nature of the studies. This paper will concentrate mainly on researches related to the urban-industri...


    M.Sathana Priya; P.Jesintha


    The article discussed the Public Private Partnership among the domestic and foreign players. The mainobjective is to assess the Public Private Partnership project in India and relationship between the foreignplayer and domestic player in PPP. So the paper concludes that the foreign players are investing withdomestic player in PPP projects. Malaysian companies are leading investors in public private partnership(PPP) projects in India, with this observation both foreign and domestic players joi...

  4. India and Pakistan

    This paper reports that because there is a solid consensus among Indian decision makers on keeping the nuclear weapon option open, the chance that regional denuclearization proposals will actually be accepted by both sides is obviously reduced. It is necessary to establish the objective most worth striving for and to specify the agencies of change or movement towards the established goal. Of the five Pakistani proposals mentioned above, the ratification of the NPT will receive more detailed assessment. The other three a bilateral treaty of renunciation, mutual inspection and third party verification can be subsumed within the proposal for a NWFZ. A serious commitment by India to any of these three proposals would almost certainly betoken an Indian willingness to assent to the more encapsulating and comprehensive proposal of a South Asian NWFZ. The NPT question of accession, however, is another matter. During the period when the NPT was being drafted, India expressed reservations that the counter-discriminatory provisions were inadequate. In the 1980s, Indian's objections to the treaty focused on the principle of unequal obligations, without which the USA, the Soviet Union and Britain would not have been a party to the Treaty. No doubt, this shift represents a hardening of the Indian opposition to the NPT and reflects its substantial disillusionment with it. This disillusionment may well be justified. Although the refusal of France and China to be a party to the NPT weakened the Treaty at the outset, its greatest weakness has been that it has had virtually no effect on the NWS signatories, despite a legally binding commitment to pursue disarmament. The INF Treaty, of course, cannot be attributed to the pressure, moral or otherwise, of the NPT

  5. What ails India's biodiesel programme?

    With more than 95% of India's surface transport dependent on imported fossil fuel, India has made a concerted effort to promote biofuel. The newly announced biofuel policy of India stipulates a blending target of 20% for both bioethanol and biodiesel. In the case of biodiesel, complement to fossil fuel diesel, India's predominant transport fuel, this target is to be achieved by cultivating non-edible oil seed plants in wastelands and fallow land. In spite of best effort, very little progress has been made on the ground. As the result, the deadline for blending target of 20% for biodiesel has been postponed from 2011–2012 to 2006–2017. This paper makes an attempt to understand the factors behind the tardy progress in India's biodiesel scene and suggests policy remedies. - Highlights: ► Even after a decade of efforts in promoting biofuel, India's achievement does not augur well. ► Objective is to understand the factors behind tardy progress. ► Suggests policy remedies.

  6. EU-India migration and trade linkages

    TUMBE, Chinmay


    CARIM-India: Developing a knowledge base for policymaking on India-EU migration This paper reviews the relationship between migration and trade between India and the European Union (EU). It provides an overview of EU-India trade across various dimensions and links it with migration in three specific contexts: (a) The $ 14 billion EU-India diamond trade that represents nearly 15% of total EU-India merchandise trade, and that is attributed to the direct and active role played by Indian immig...

  7. Eesti sai Arsenalsilt neli auhinda


    Riia filmifestivalil Arsenals tunnistati parimaks Balti filmiks ja võitis filmiajakirjanike ühingu FIPRESCI auhinna Katrin Lauri "Surnuaiavahi tütar". Balti võistlusprogrammi parimaks dokumentaalfilmiks tunnistati Jurõ Haštšavatski film "Lobotoomia" (tootja Baltic Film Production). Ülo Pikkovi animafilm "Keha mälu" pälvis Balti võistlusprogrammi eripreemia

  8. ABTG juhtumis sai õiguse maksuamet


    Tallinna ringkonnakohtu otsusest, millega jäeti rahuldamata ASi Adonis Baltic Timber Group (ABTG) kaebus maksu-ja tolliameti tegevuse peale seoses ettevõttele enammakstud käibemaksu tagastamise peatamisega revisjoni käigus

  9. "Ristiisa" Coppola sai Putinilt ordeni


    Venemaa riigipea Vladimir Putin andis Kremlis USA filmirežissöörile Francis Ford Coppolale üle Kuldkotka ordeni. Režissöör kinkis vastu oma tütre Sofia Coppola mängufilmi "Tõlkes kaduma läinud" DVD

  10. Tanel Padar sai Eenmaa rolli


    Riigikogu liige Ivi Eenmaa loobus rollist Salong Teatri loomingulise juhi Dajan Ahmeti poolt vändatavas mängulis-humoorikas liiklusreegleid propageerivas filmis "Inspektor Krõps". Stsenaariumis tehtud väikeste muudatuste järel võttis rolli vastu muusik Tanel Padar

  11. Tallinn 2011 sai oma margi


    Eesti Post andis 9. septembril 2010 välja 2011 aasta Euroopa kultuuripealinnale Tallinnale pühendatud postmargi, mis trükiti SA Tallinn 2011 ja Eesti Posti postmargi kavandamiseks korraldatud konkursi Heino Prunsvelti võidutöö "Lost in Tallinn" järgi

  12. Planeeringute uus veebiregister sai valmis


    Varasem register jääb projekteerimistingimuste ja ehitusprojektide jaoks, Tallinna uus planeeringute register võimaldab kõigil huvitatutel linnaplaneerimises arvamust avaldada

  13. Sai, la gente è strana…

    Giuseppe Di Palo


    Full Text Available In un piccolo paesino montano del cuore del Sannio molisano, l’arrivo inaspettato di un giovane proveniente da una grande metropoli della vicina Campania genera stupore ed incredulità tra gli abitanti del comune che conta appena 600 anime. Il ragazzo, trasferitosi in un'altra realtà, di un comune e di una regione che non sono quelli a cui è propriamente abituato, per motivi prettamente legati alla propria formazione, scopre in quei luoghi che ancora sfoggiano i colori della natura scenari meravigliosi che gli stuzzicano sentimenti e sensazioni mai provate lì dove era abituato a panorami fatti di grattacieli, antenne e cemento.

  14. Presidendiproua sai proua presidendilt kepid


    Soome riigivisiidi ajal kingiti proua Evelin Ilvesele Oulu firma Polar pulsimõõtja. Soome president Tarja Halonen kinkis president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja proua Evelin Ilvesele kepikõnni kepid. Vabariigi President riigivisiidil Soome Vabariiki 14.-16.03.2007

  15. Kuldmuna sai endale kandilise venna


    Eesti Reklaamiagentuuride Liit kuulutas välja 2006. aasta parimad tele-, raadio-, trüki- ja välireklaamid. Loetletud Kuldmunade ja Kandiliste Munade saajad. Aasta agentuuriks nimetati reklaamibüroo Division

  16. Metropolitani muuseum sai hindamatu kingituse


    New Yorgi Metropolitani kunstimuuseumile pärandati mai alguses üks maailma paremaid 20. sajandi kunsti erakogusid. Hiljuti Mehhikos Guernavacas surnud Natasha Gelman jättis muuseumile 85 Matisse'i, Picasso, Braque'i, Balthusi, Modigliani jt. kunstnike tööd. Hinnatavamate taieste hulka kuuluvad ligi kümme Mir̤ tööd ja kaks varajast kubistlikku tööd Braque'ilt ja Picassolt. Metropolitani muuseumi direktor Philipe de Montebello tutvustab kollektsiooni

  17. Prevalence of diabetic complications in rural Goa, India

    Nafisa C Vaz


    Full Text Available Objective : To determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM and its associated diabetic complications in rural Goa, India. Materials and Methods: A community-based study was carried out in a rural setting in Goa, India. About 1,266 participants were selected by systematic random sampling. The participants were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire and were subjected to anthropometric, clinical evaluation and biochemical investigations. American Diabetes Association criteria were used to determine the prevalence of diabetes and standard operational definitions were used to define the diabetic complications. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 14.0 while chi-square and chi-square for trend were the tests used. Results: Among the total 1,266 study participants about 130 (10.3% were diabetics. The prevalence of the associated diabetic complications were as follows viz. neuropathy (60%, CHD (32.3% and cataract (20%, retinopathy (15.4%, peripheral vascular disease (11.5% and cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs (6.9%. A significant rising trend in the prevalence of all diabetic complications was observed with advancing duration of diabetes. Conclusion: The prevalence of DM and its associated complications was higher among the diabetic individuals in the rural setting of Goa, India. All the associated diabetic complications observed need to be addressed with appropriate prevention and control strategies.

  18. Indias keelati maal / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-


    Dehlis kõrvaldati näituselt "Uue sajandi hääled" Surendran Nairi maal, millel Ikarose aktifiguur istub India rahvussümbolil - Ashoka sambal. Kuu varem katkestati moedemonstratsioon, mille kollektsiooni kuulus India riigilipust valmistatud kleit.

  19. American Society of Echocardiography

    American Society of Echocardiography Join Ase Member Portal Log In Membership Member Portal Log In Join ASE Renew Benefits Rates FASE – Fellow of the American Society of Echocardiography Member Referral Program FAQs Initiatives Advocacy ...

  20. American Urogynecologic Society

    ... Patient Site » PFD Registry » Contact Us American Urogynecologic Society 1100 Wayne Avenue, Suite 670 Silver Spring, MD ... Us | Privacy Policy | HONcode Accredited © 2016 American Urogynecologic Society. All rights reserved.

  1. North American Spine Society

    ... Coverage Recommendations SpineLine Renew Membership NORTH AMERICAN SPINE SOCIETY BURR RIDGE, IL 7075 Veterans Blvd. Burr Ridge, ... NASS Contact Us © Copyright 2016 North American Spine Society | Terms Of Use | Privacy Statement

  2. American Epilepsy Society


  3. American Society of Transplantation

    ... Trials in Transplantation September 13, 2016 The American Society of Transplantation and its Transplantation & Immunology Research Network ... Learn More Donate Donate Donate to the American Society of Transplantation Advertisement member spotlight View all Joanna ...

  4. American Cancer Society

    ... Involved Find Local ACS How the American Cancer Society Fights Childhood Cancer Advances in treatment have improved ... long lasting consequences. Learn how the American Cancer Society is working to save more lives from cancer ...

  5. African Americans and Glaucoma

    ... Involved News About Us Donate In This Section African Americans and Glaucoma email Send this article to ... glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in African Americans. Half of those with glaucoma don't ...

  6. American Vitiligo Research Foundation

    ... testing. Please Visit Our Donations Page American Vitiligo Research Foundation "We Walk By Faith, Not By Sight" PO ... by Using GoodSearch Copyright 2005 - 2014 American Vitiligo Research Foundation Inc. Disclaimer: Information provided on this website is ...

  7. Obesity and Hispanic Americans

    ... and Data > Minority Population Profiles > Hispanic/Latino > Obesity Obesity and Hispanic Americans Among Mexican American women, 77 ... ss6304.pdf [PDF | 3.38MB] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  8. Obesity and Asian Americans

    ... and Data > Minority Population Profiles > Asian American > Obesity Obesity and Asian Americans Non-Hispanic whites are 60% ... youthonline . [Accessed 05/25/2016] HEALTH IMPACT OF OBESITY More than 80 percent of people with type ...

  9. Teor de clorofila e perfil de sais minerais de Chlorella vulgaris cultivada em solução hidropônica residual Chlorophyll content and minerals profile in the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris cultivated in hydroponic wastewater

    Fabiano Cleber Bertoldi


    Full Text Available O cultivo de microalgas representa uma potencial fonte de biomassa rica em clorofila e sais minerais como: fósforo, ferro, manganês, cobre, zinco, magnésio e cálcio. Este experimento teve como objetivo avaliar a composição de minerais, bem como determinar o teor de clorofila a e b da microalga Chlorella vulgaris cultivada em solução hidropônica residual em três diferentes concentrações comparadas com um cultivo controle. Os resultados mostraram que os teores de clorofila a e b da microalga não apresentaram diferença significativa entre os cultivos. Com relação à composição dos sais minerais, a Chlorella cultivada na solução residual mais concentrada apresentou valores superiores quando comparada com a cultivada nos demais cultivos. Dessa forma, a biomassa da Chlorella vulgaris demonstrou ser uma potencial fonte de clorofila e de sais minerais, quando cultivada em solução hidropônica residual, possibilitando a utilização desse resíduo de forma sustentável.The microalgaes cultive represents a potential source of biomass rich in chlorophyll and minerals as: P, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Mg and Ca. This research was aimed at evaluating the composition of minerals, as well as, determining the content of chlorophyll a and b from the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris cultivated in hydroponic wastewater in three different concentrations compared with the control cultive. The results showed that the contents of chlorophyll a and b of the microalgae did not show significant difference between the cultives. In relation to the composition of the minerals, the Chlorella cultivated in the most concentrated wastewater, showed higher values when compared with the one cultivated in the others cultures. In this manner, the Chlorella vulgaris biomass demonstrated to be a potential source of chlorophyll and minerals, when cultivated in hydroponic wastewater, allowing the use of this residue in a sustainable way.

  10. Welfare Schemes and Social Protection in India

    Raghbendra Jha


    This paper provides a broad overview of welfare schemes in India and their impact on social protection during a period of high economic growth. It summarizes India's performance with respect to select economic and social indicators relative to select low and middle income countries in the Asia Pacific region. It further overviews trends in some key select economic and social indicators for India and discusses India's attainment in Social Protection relative to an index of such protection prov...