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Sample records for alveolar ridge resorption

  1. Prospective study of alveolar bone resorption after radiotherapy and chemotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A prospective comparative study of the alveolar bone resorption after teeth extraction was achieved in a series of 79 patients in order to analyze macroscopically the possible consequences of radiotherapy and chemotherapy on the toothless edges. After quarterly coronal and sagittal X-rays for two years, this study enhances quite a similar vertical resorption for the radiation and chemotherapy-treated patients as well as for the witness patients. The alveolar bone resorption progression also appears unaltered by anti cancerous treatments. In both cases, a resorption stabilization can be clearly seen after 6 months according to dental extractions. The vertical alveolar bone resorption is more important in incisor and canin regions. The anti cancerous treatments may not have significant disastrous consequences as fas as available bone amount is concerned, on a post prosthetic restoration

  2. The role of synthetic biomaterials in resorptive alveolar bone regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kali?anin Biljana M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The alveolar bone tissue resorption defect has a significant role in dentistry. Because of the bone tissue deficit developed by alveolar resorption, the use of synthetic material CP/PLGA (calcium-phosphate/polylactide-co-gliycolide composite was introduced. Investigations were performed on rats with artificially produced resorption of the mandibular bone. The results show that the best effect on alveolar bone were attained by using nano-composite implants. The effect of the nanocomposite was ascertained by determining the calcium and phosphate content, as a basis of the hydroxyapatite structure. The results show that synthetic CP/PLGA nanocomposite alleviate the rehabilitation of weakened alveolar bone. Due to its osteoconductive effect, CP/PLGA can be the material of choice for bone substitution in the future.

  3. Portrayal and management of a rarely seen alveolar bone resorption pattern mimicking the Combination Syndrome: a clinical report

    OpenAIRE

    Piskin, Bulent; Sipahi, Cumhur; Emir, Faruk; Ayyıldız, Simel; Avsever, İsmail Hakan; Uyar, Alper

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACTTreatment of severely resorbed edentulous alveolar ridges is still a challenging topic of prosthodontics. Combination Syndrome is one of the most remarkable intraoral manifestations of excessive alveolar bone resorption which may be observed at the denture wearing patients with complete edentulous maxilla and bilateral partial edentulous mandibula. Since its first recognition in 1972, the major symptoms and morphological features of the Combination Syndrome such as enlarged maxillary ...

  4. An automatic early stage alveolar-bone-resorption evaluation method on digital dental panoramic radiographs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Min; Katsumata, Akitoshi; Muramatsu, Chisako; Hara, Takeshi; Suzuki, Hiroki; Fujita, Hiroshi

    2014-03-01

    Periodontal disease is a kind of typical dental diseases, which affects many adults. The presence of alveolar bone resorption, which can be observed from dental panoramic radiographs, is one of the most important signs of the progression of periodontal disease. Automatically evaluating alveolar-bone resorption is of important clinic meaning in dental radiology. The purpose of this study was to propose a novel system for automated alveolar-bone-resorption evaluation from digital dental panoramic radiographs for the first time. The proposed system enables visualization and quantitative evaluation of alveolar bone resorption degree surrounding the teeth. It has the following procedures: (1) pre-processing for a test image; (2) detection of tooth root apices with Gabor filter and curve fitting for the root apex line; (3) detection of features related with alveolar bone by using image phase congruency map and template matching and curving fitting for the alveolar line; (4) detection of occlusion line with selected Gabor filter; (5) finally, evaluation of the quantitative alveolar-bone-resorption degree in the area surrounding teeth by simply computing the average ratio of the height of the alveolar bone and the height of the teeth. The proposed scheme was applied to 30 patient cases of digital panoramic radiographs, with alveolar bone resorption of different stages. Our initial trial on these test cases indicates that the quantitative evaluation results are correlated with the alveolar-boneresorption degree, although the performance still needs further improvement. Therefore it has potential clinical practicability.

  5. Alveolar ridge augmentation by osteoinduction in rats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Bang, G; Haanaes, H R

    1990-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone substitutes for alveolar ridge augmentation by osteoinduction. Allogenic, demineralized, and lyophilized dentin and bone was tested for osteoinductive properties in order to establish an experimental model for further studies. Implantations were perf...

  6. Prospective study of alveolar bone resorption after radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Etude prospective de la resorption osseuse alveolaire apres radiotherapie et chimiotherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Libersa, P. (Faculte de Chirurgie Dentaire, 59 - Lille (France)); Prevost, B.; Mirabel, X.; Poissonnier, B.; Demaille, A. (Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Oscar-Lambret, 59 - Lille (France)); Laude, M. (Laboratoire de craniologie humaine et comparee, 80 - Amiens (France))

    1993-01-01

    A prospective comparative study of the alveolar bone resorption after teeth extraction was achieved in a series of 79 patients in order to analyze macroscopically the possible consequences of radiotherapy and chemotherapy on the toothless edges. After quarterly coronal and sagittal X-rays for two years, this study enhances quite a similar vertical resorption for the radiation and chemotherapy-treated patients as well as for the witness patients. The alveolar bone resorption progression also appears unaltered by anti cancerous treatments. In both cases, a resorption stabilization can be clearly seen after 6 months according to dental extractions. The vertical alveolar bone resorption is more important in incisor and canin regions. The anti cancerous treatments may not have significant disastrous consequences as fas as available bone amount is concerned, on a post prosthetic restoration.

  7. Are Panoramic Radiographs Reliable to Diagnose Mild Alveolar Bone Resorption?

    OpenAIRE

    Alex Semenoff-Segundo; Álvaro Henrique Borges; Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado; Fabio Luiz Miranda Pedro; Evaristo Ricci Volpato; Tereza Aparecida Delle Semenoff; Larissa Semenoff

    2011-01-01

    It is extremely important to assess variations between the most used radiographs in dental practice, since minimum distortion on obtained images may change diagnosis, treatment plan, and prognosis for the patient. For this, the distance between the enamel-cementum junction and the alveolar bone crest was measured on conventional and digitized periapical, bitewing, and panoramic radiographs and compared among them. From a total of 1484 records, 39 sets of radiographs that fulfilled the inclusi...

  8. Quantification and visualization of alveolar bone resorption from 3D dental CT images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagao, Jiro; Mori, Kensaku; Kitasaka, Takayuki; Suenaga, Yasuhito [Nagoya University, Graduate School of Information Science, Nagoya (Japan); Yamada, Shohzoh; Naitoh, Munetaka [Aichi-Gakuin University, School of Dentistry, Nagoya (Japan)

    2007-06-15

    Purpose A computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for quantifying and visualizing alveolar bone resorption caused by periodontitis was developed based on three-dimensional (3D) image processing of dental CT images. Methods The proposed system enables visualization and quantification of resorption of alveolar bone surrounding and between the roots of teeth. It has the following functions: (1) vertical measurement of the depth of resorption surrounding the tooth in 3D images, avoiding physical obstruction; (2) quantification of the amount of resorption in the furcation area; and (3) visualization of quantification results by pseudo-color maps, graphs, and motion pictures. The resorption measurement accuracy in the area surrounding teeth was evaluated by comparing with dentist's recognition on five real patient CT images, giving average absolute difference of 0.87 mm. An artificial image with mathematical truth was also used for measurement evaluation. Results The average absolute difference was 0.36 and 0.10 mm for surrounding and furcation areas, respectively. The system provides an intuitive presentation of the measurement results. Conclusion Computer aided diagnosis of 3D dental CT scans is feasible and the technique is a promising new tool for the quantitative evaluation of periodontal bone loss. (orig.)

  9. Quantification and visualization of alveolar bone resorption from 3D dental CT images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose A computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for quantifying and visualizing alveolar bone resorption caused by periodontitis was developed based on three-dimensional (3D) image processing of dental CT images. Methods The proposed system enables visualization and quantification of resorption of alveolar bone surrounding and between the roots of teeth. It has the following functions: (1) vertical measurement of the depth of resorption surrounding the tooth in 3D images, avoiding physical obstruction; (2) quantification of the amount of resorption in the furcation area; and (3) visualization of quantification results by pseudo-color maps, graphs, and motion pictures. The resorption measurement accuracy in the area surrounding teeth was evaluated by comparing with dentist's recognition on five real patient CT images, giving average absolute difference of 0.87 mm. An artificial image with mathematical truth was also used for measurement evaluation. Results The average absolute difference was 0.36 and 0.10 mm for surrounding and furcation areas, respectively. The system provides an intuitive presentation of the measurement results. Conclusion Computer aided diagnosis of 3D dental CT scans is feasible and the technique is a promising new tool for the quantitative evaluation of periodontal bone loss. (orig.)

  10. Alveolar ridge augmentation by osteoinductive materials in goats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Haanaes, H R; Roervik, M; Donath, K; Bang, G

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to determine whether alveolar ridge augmentation could be induced in goats. In 12 male goats allogenic, demineralized, and lyophilized dentin or bone was implanted subperiosteally on the buccal sides of the natural edentulous regions of the alveolar process of...

  11. Alveolar ridge augmentation with the perforated and nonperforated bone grafts

    OpenAIRE

    de Avila, Erica Dorigatti; Filho, José Scarso; de Oliveira Ramalho, Lizete Toledo; Real Gabrielli, Mario Francisco; Pereira Filho, Valfrido Antônio

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Autogenous bones are frequently used because of their lack of antigenicity, but good osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties. This study evaluated the biological behavior of perforated and nonperforated cortical block bone grafts. Methods Ten nonsmoking patients who required treatment due to severe resorption of the alveolar process and subsequent implant installation were included in the study. The inclusion criteria was loss of one or more teeth; the presence of atrophy of the...

  12. Influences of Fucoxanthin on Alveolar Bone Resorption in Induced Periodontitis in Rat Molars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kose, Oguz; Arabaci, Taner; Yemenoglu, Hatice; Kara, Adem; Ozkanlar, Seckin; Kayis, Sevki; Duymus, Zeynep Yesil

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of systemic fucoxanthin treatment on alveolar bone resorption in rats with periodontitis. Thirty rats were divided into control, experimental periodontitis (EP), and experimental periodontitis-fucoxanthin (EP-FUCO) groups. Periodontitis was induced by ligature for four weeks. After removal of the ligature, the rats in the EP-FUCO group were treated with a single dose of fucoxanthin (200 mg/kg bw) per day for 28 consecutive days. At the end of the study, all of the rats were euthanized and intracardiac blood and mandible tissue samples were obtained for biochemical, immunohistochemical, and histometric analyses. Fucoxanthin treatment resulted in a slight decrease in tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and interleukin-6 levels and a significant decrease in oxidative stress index. It was observed that fucoxanthin caused a significant reduction in receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-β ligand (RANKL) levels and a statistically non-significant elevation in osteoprotegerin and bone-alkaline phosphatase levels. There were no significant differences in alveolar bone loss levels between the EP and EP-FUCO groups. This experimental study revealed that fucoxanthin provides a limited reduction in alveolar bone resorption in rats with periodontitis. One of the mechanisms underlying the mentioned limited effect might be related to the ability of fucoxanthin to inhibit oxidative stress-related RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis. PMID:27043583

  13. Effects of Hydroxyapatite on Bone Graft Resorption in an Experimental Model of Maxillary Alveolar Arch Defects

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    Ozgur Pilanci

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Most commonly used treatments use autologous bone grafts to address bony defects in patients with cleft palate. Major disadvantages of autogenous bone grafts include donor site morbidity and resorption. Suggestions to overcome such problems include biomaterials that can be used alone or in combination with bone. We examined the effect of hydroxyapatite cement on bone graft resorption in a rabbit maxillary alveolar defect model. We divided 16 young adult albino New Zealand rabbits into two groups. A defect 1 cm wide was created in each rabbit's maxillary arch. In Group 1, the removed bone was disrupted, and the pieces were replaced in the defect. In the other group, the pieces were replaced after mixing (1:1 with hydroxyapatite cement. Quantitative computed tomographic evaluation of these grafts was performed in axial and coronal planes for each rabbit at 2 and 12 weeks. In axial images at 12 weeks, the group without cement showed mean bone resorption of 15%. In the cement group, a mean volumetric increase of 68% was seen. No resorption occurred when bone grafts were mixed with hydroxyapatite cement. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2013; 2(3.000: 170-175

  14. [Reconstruction of the alveolar ridge by osteodistraction for implant placement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachmiel, A; Emodi, O; Aizenbud, D

    2011-07-01

    Alveolar Distraction is a method for reconstructing a deficient or atrophic alveolar bone. Alveolar ridge reconstruction may be indicated for the atrophic alveolar process resulting from maxillofacial trauma, periodontal disease, or post aggressive large cyst or tumor resection. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the method of reconstruction of the alveolar ridge by Distraction Osteogenesis. A total of 32 patients were treated. An alveolar segmental osteotomy was carried out and the distraction device was mounted. In patients with an extensive alveolar defect two distraction devices were placed in order to better control the vector of elongation in both bone edges. The distraction was started on the fourth post-operative day at a rate of 0.5 mm/day as necessary and according to the length of the distraction device, followed by a consolidation period of 90 days. Subsequently, the devices were removed, and dental implants were placed for osteointegration. The amount of elevation was 8-15mm. All the patients had panoramic x ray before the distraction, during the lengthening, at the end of distraction and after removal of the device. Early mineralization in the distracted area was seen radiographically during the consolidation period that increased after device removal. As a result of alveolar distraction, a segment of mature bone was transported vertically in order to lengthen the crest for better implant anchorage, either for esthetic purposes or for functional prosthetic requirements. A total of 68 implants were introduced. In follow-up at 24 months, failure of only one implant was noted, due to inadequate transported bone stability. In conclusion, distraction osteogenesis is an alternative treatment in moderate to severe alveolar deficiencies for an ideal three-dimensional reconstruction with no need for bone harvesting. This method offers the possibility to place dental implants in a correct position to obtain proper prosthetic results. PMID:21939103

  15. Alveolar ridge augmentation in rats by Bio-Oss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Bang, G; Haanaes, H R

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine if Bio-Oss initiated osteoinduction or osteoconduction when implanted into rats. Sintered and unsintered granules of the anorganic bovine bone Bio-Oss was implanted subperiosteally for alveolar ridge augmentation purposes and heterotopically in the abdominal...... muscles of rats. Light microscopic evaluation revealed no osteoinduction or osteoconduction in connection with sintered or unsintered Bio-Oss. A foreign body reaction was observed around both forms....

  16. Effects of alveolar ridge preservation on delayed implant osseointegration

    OpenAIRE

    Shao, Shan; Li, Bin; Xue, Hui-Min; Huang, Hai-Yun; Liu, Gang-Li

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the effects of alveolar ridge preservation with Bio-Oss bone substitute (Geistlich Pharma) on delayed implant osseointegration. The 3rd and 4th left and right mandibular premolars were extracted from four adult healthy male and female dogs. For the experimental group, we randomly selected two extraction sockets in each dog to be filled with Bio-Oss bone substitute (Geistlich Pharma). The two remaining extraction sockets remained untreated and served as the control group. Three mon...

  17. USE OF PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHS FOR EVALUATION OF MAXILLARY AND MANDIBULAR RESIDUAL RIDGE RESORPTION: IN VITRO STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Priyanka; Vikas,; Patel; Rajesh,

    2014-01-01

    : INTRODUCTION: Progressive ridge resorption is one of the main causes of loss of stability and retention of mandibular complete dentures. The location of the mental foramen can be identified easily on panoramic radiographs, and radiographic examinations are considered an important component of Prosthodontics diagnostic and treatment planning. Also the location of maxillary landmark is important to known how much resorption is there. Aim: To determine the average ratio of ...

  18. A radiographic study on the prevalence of knife-edge residual alveolar ridge at proposed dental implant sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dental implants are widely used in restoration of completely or partially edentulous dental arches. Before placement of endosseous implants in the jaws, both the quantity and quality of the residual ridge must be assessed radiographically. Remodeling activity after tooth extraction is localized primarily at the crestal area of the residual ridges, resulting in reduction of the height of bone and creation of various three-dimensional shapes of the residual ridges. When bone resorption at the lingual and buccal aspects is greater than that at the crestal area, a knife-edge type of residual ridge develops. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the knife-edge morphology of the residual alveolar bone at proposed implant sites in partially or completely edentulous patients. Computed tomography (CT) cross-sectional images of the upper and lower jaws were assessed at the proposed sites before implant placement. Images of 258 proposed implant sites belonging to 30 patients were assessed radiographically. In 120 proposed implant sites out of 258 (46.5%), the residual alveolar ridge had a knife-edge configuration, the majority belonging to completely edentulous patients who lost their teeth more than ten years previously. High prevalence of knife-edge ridge was found, therefore, replacement of missing teeth by immediate implant is recommended to prevent atrophy or knife-edge morphology of the residual ridge. (author)

  19. Aumento del reborde alveolar residual mediante tcnica de rollo Increase of residual alveolar ridge using roll technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel ngel Simancas Pallares

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La prdida dentaria, asociada a factores sistmicos, patolgicos y traumticos, promueve el proceso de reabsorcin sea de los rebordes residuales y genera problemas funcionales, como la falta de estabilidad y retencin de las prtesis dentarias removibles, y disturbios estticos y psicolgicos. Estos defectos varan en dependencia de la cantidad de prdida sea y de tejidos blandos que hayan alcanzado. En la actualidad son descritas diversas tcnicas que permiten corregir estos defectos. Una de ellas es la tcnica del rollo, la cual demuestra muy buenos resultados al aumentar el tamao del reborde alveolar y disminuir los defectos estticos que causa sobre todo en el sector anterior. El objetivo del presente artculo es describir el caso clnico de un paciente con prdida sea en el sector anterior, tipo III segn Seibert, rehabilitado con prtesis parcial fija y sometido a un procedimiento quirrgico con la tcnica del rollo. Se alcanzaron los objetivos planteados y proporciona una mejora esttica as como una mejora en su calidad de vida. Se demostr que con esta tcnica se obtienen resultados predecibles que devuelven la esttica en zonas de alta exigencia por parte de los pacientes.Tooth loss associated with systemic factors, pathological and traumatic conditions, promotes the bone resorption of residual ridges, this, creates functional problems such as lack of stability and retention of removable dentures as well as aesthetic and psychological disturbances. These defects vary depending on the amount of bone loss and soft tissue they reach. At present there are described various techniques that can correct these defects. One of these is the roll technique which shows very good results by increasing the size of the alveolar ridge and decrease aesthetic defects in the anterior area of the maxilla. The aim of this article is to describe a case of a patient with Seibert bone loss type III, rehabilitated with fixed partial denture after undergoing a surgical procedure with the roll technique achieving the stated objectives and providing aesthetic improvement to the patient and an improvement in their quality of life. It is shown that the technique can be achieved with predictable results that return aesthetics in areas of high demand from patients.

  20. Effects of alveolar ridge preservation on delayed implant osseointegration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shao, Shan; Li, Bin; Xue, Hui-Min; Huang, Hai-Yun; Liu, Gang-Li

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the effects of alveolar ridge preservation with Bio-Oss bone substitute (Geistlich Pharma) on delayed implant osseointegration. The 3rd and 4th left and right mandibular premolars were extracted from four adult healthy male and female dogs. For the experimental group, we randomly selected two extraction sockets in each dog to be filled with Bio-Oss bone substitute (Geistlich Pharma). The two remaining extraction sockets remained untreated and served as the control group. Three months after Bio-Oss placement, dental implants were inserted into the alveolar bone of the experimental group and the control group. The osteogenic activity of the bone around the implants was assessed by evaluating the histological morphology and by estimating histomorphometric parameters at 3 and 6 months after delayed implantation. At 3 months, Goldner's trichrome staining analysis showed that the bone-implant contact rate and mineralised bone area around the implant were significantly higher in the experimental group (75.98% 8.97% and 69.52% 9.63%, respectively) than in the control group (56.13% 8.18% and 52.82% 7.25%, respectively; P Bio-Oss placement can promote osseointegration of delayed implantation. This may be a promising option for clinical use. PMID:26379871

  1. Systemic Osteoporosis and Reduction of the Edentulous Alveolar Ridge

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    Srđan D. Poštić

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Systemic osteoporosis can damage skeletal bones to different degrees or remain persistent in intensity. The aim of this study was to determine the intensity and correlation of the osteoporotic changes in the bone density of the skeleton and body mass index (BMI with a reduction in edentulous mandibles. Material and Methods: In this study, 89 edentulous patients with decreased bone density comprised the experimental group, and 43 edentulous patients with normal bone densities formed the control. The age of the patients ranged between 53 and 73 years. Radiographs of the hands and panoramic radiographs were done for all the patients. The values of BMI, metacarpal index , density of lumbar spine (L2-L4, in the phalanx and segments of the mandibles as well as the heights of the edentulous alveolar ridges were measured, assessed and calculated.Results: The lowest value of the total skeletal density was established in the osteoporotic patients on the basis of the average T-score of -2.5 in men, and - 2.6 in women. Minimum values of the heights of the edentulous ridges (right/left, in mm were measured in both osteoporotic female (21.84/22.39 and male (24.90/24.96 patients. By comparison of the densities of the metacarpal bones, proximal phalanx, segments of the edentulous mandibles and based on the numerical values of the heights of the edentulous ridges, χ²=3.81 was found in men and χ²=4.03 was found in women with normal bone densities; χ²=5.92 was found in men and χ²=6.25 was found in women with osteopenia; χ²=2.63 was found in men and χ²=3.85 was found in women with osteoporosis, on the P level of probability of 0.05. Conclusion: Systemic osteoporosis causes a decrease of the jawbone density and induces residual edentulous alveolar ridge reduction.

  2. Alveolar ridge augmentation with titanium mesh. A retrospective clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poli, Pier P; Beretta, Mario; Cicciù, Marco; Maiorana, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    An adequate amount of bone all around the implant surface is essential in order to obtain long-term success of implant restoration. Several techniques have been described to augment alveolar bone volume in critical clinical situations, including guided bone regeneration, based on the use of barrier membranes to prevent ingrowth of the epithelial and gingival connective tissue cells. To achieve this goal, the use of barriers made of titanium micromesh has been advocated. A total of 13 patients were selected for alveolar ridge reconstruction treatment prior to implant placement. Each patient underwent a tridimensional bone augmentation by means of a Ti-mesh filled with intraoral autogenous bone mixed with deproteinized anorganic bovine bone in a 1:1 ratio. Implants were placed after a healing period of 6 months. Panoramic x-rays were performed after each surgical procedure and during the follow-up recalls. Software was used to measure the mesial and the distal peri-implant bone loss around each implant. The mean peri-implant bone loss was 1.743 mm on the mesial side and 1.913 mm on the distal side, from the top of the implant head to the first visible bone-implant contact, at a mean follow-up of 88 months. The use of Ti-mesh allows the regeneration of sufficient bone volume for ideal implant placement. The clinical advantages related to this technique include the possibility of correcting severe vertical atrophies associated with considerable reductions in width and the lack of major complications if soft-tissue dehiscence and mesh exposures do occur. PMID:25317209

  3. USE OF PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHS FOR EVALUATION OF MAXILLARY AND MANDIBULAR RESIDUAL RIDGE RESORPTION: IN VITRO STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available : INTRODUCTION: Progressive ridge resorption is one of the main causes of loss of stability and retention of mandibular complete dentures. The location of the mental foramen can be identified easily on panoramic radiographs, and radiographic examinations are considered an important component of Prosthodontics diagnostic and treatment planning. Also the location of maxillary landmark is important to known how much resorption is there. Aim: To determine the average ratio of bone height with nearest constant anatomical landmarks in maxilla and in mandible. OBJECTIVE: To find out the association between radiographic findings & prosthodontics, such as measurements of the amount of resorption and the variation in the treatment planning of edentulous patients. METHODS: The subjects OPG was taken using standard radiographic procedural parameters. The measurement was done for distance ‘c’, ‘a’, ‘x’, ‘y’, ‘z’. Then the calculations from measurements were done to calculate the ratio of c/a, to calculate the ratio of x/y, to calculate the ratio of x/z. RESULT: The descriptive statistics was done. The C/a ratio mean is 2.71 ± 0.31. The X/Y ratio mean is 1.49 ± 0.34 and the X/Z ratio mean is 1.51 ± 0.24. CONCLUSION: This ratio can be assessed in edentulous patients and then there further treatment plan can be decided according to the ratio. The implant placement can be assessed by using the measurements in this study.

  4. Release of titanium ions from an implant surface and their effect on cytokine production related to alveolar bone resorption

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although interest in peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis has recently been increasing, the mechanisms driving these diseases remain unknown. Here, the effects of titanium ions on the inflammation and bone resorption around an implant were investigated. First, the accumulated amount of Ti ions released into gingival and bone tissues from an implant exposed to sodium fluoride solution was measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Next, the cellular responses in gingival and bone tissues to Ti ions and/or Porphyromonas gingivalis-lipopolysaccharide (P. gingivalis-LPS) were assessed using a rat model. More Ti ions were detected in the gingival tissues around an implant after treatment with sodium fluoride (pH 4.2) than in its absence, which suggests that the fluoride corroded the implant surface under salivary buffering capacity. The injection of Ti ions (9 ppm) significantly increased the mRNA expression and protein accumulation of chemokine (C–C motif) ligand 2, as well as the ratio of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand to osteoprotegerin, in rat gingival tissues exposed to P. gingivalis-LPS in a synergistic manner. In addition, the enhanced localization of toll-like receptor 4, which is an LPS receptor, was observed in gingival epithelium loaded with Ti ions (9 ppm). These data suggest that Ti ions may be partly responsible for the infiltration of monocytes and osteoclast differentiation by increasing the sensitivity of gingival epithelial cells to microorganisms in the oral cavity. Therefore, Ti ions may be involved in the deteriorating effects of peri-implant mucositis, which can develop into peri-implantitis accompanied by alveolar bone resorption

  5. Flapless alveolar ridge preservation utilizing the "socket-plug" technique: clinical technique and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotsakis, Georgios; Chrepa, Vanessa; Marcou, Nicolas; Prasad, Hari; Hinrichs, James

    2014-12-01

    It has been documented that after every extraction of one or more teeth, the alveolar bone of the respective region undergoes resorption and atrophy. Therefore, ridge preservation techniques are often employed after tooth extraction to limit this phenomenon. The benefits of a flapless procedure include maintenance of the buccal keratinized gingiva, prevention of alterations to the gingival contours, and migration of the mucogingival junction that are often experienced after raising a flap. The purpose of this article is to review the literature concerning flapless ridge preservation techniques with the aid of collagen plugs for occlusion of the socket. The term "socket-plug" technique is introduced to describe these techniques. The basic steps of the "socket-plug" technique consist of atraumatic tooth extraction, placement of the appropriate biomaterials in the extraction site, preservation of soft tissue architecture employing a flapless technique, and placement and stabilization of the collagen plug. A case example is presented that illustrates the steps used in this technique. PMID:25506661

  6. Flapless alveolar ridge preservation utilizing the ''socket-plug'' technique: clinical technique and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotsakis, Georgios; Chrepa, Vanessa; Marcou, Nicolas; Prasad, Hari; Hinrichs, James

    2012-11-12

    Abstract It has been documented that after every extraction of one or more teeth, the alveolar bone of the respective region undergoes resorption and atrophy. Therefore, ridge preservation techniques are often employed after tooth extraction to limit this phenomenon. The benefits of a flapless procedure include maintenance of the buccal keratinized gingiva, and prevention of alterations to the gingival contours and migration of the mucogingival junction that are often experienced after raising a flap. The purpose of this article is to review the literature concerning flapless ridge preservation techniques with the aid of collagen plugs for occlusion of the socket. The term ''socket plug technique'' is introduced to describe these techniques. The basic steps of the ''socket-plug technique'' consist of atraumatic tooth extraction, placement of the appropriate biomaterials in the extraction site, preservation of soft tissue architecture employing a flapless technique and placement and stabilization of the collagen plug. A case example is presented that illustrates the steps used in this technique. PMID:23145803

  7. Ankylosed maxillary incisor with severe root resorption treated with a single-tooth dento-osseous osteotomy, vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis, and mini-implant anchorage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen???k, Neslihan Ebru; Koer, Glperi; Kaya, Bulem reyen

    2014-09-01

    Dentoalveolar ankylosis interferes with the vertical growth of the alveolar process, which can lead to an open bite, an unesthetic smile, and occlusal disharmony. This case report presents a new treatment protocol for an ankylosed tooth with severe root resorption using a combined surgical orthodontic management protocol involving a single-tooth dento-osseous osteotomy and vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis with intraoral elastics and mini-implant anchorage. After distraction and active orthodontic treatment, the patient's anterior open bite was corrected. A Class I dental relationship was achieved, overjet was decreased, and a normal incisor relationship was obtained. PMID:25172260

  8. Chemical, physical, and histologic studies on four commercial apatites used for alveolar ridge augmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Ruyter, I E; Haanaes, H R; Bang, G

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate four commercial apatite products. Subperiosteal alveolar ridge augmentation was performed on the maxilla of rats by implantation of granules of two dense products and of two porous products, and the tissue response was compared with the material character...

  9. The effect of therapeutic radiation on canine alveolar ridges augmented with hydroxylapatite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Kwon, P H

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of radiation on hydroxylapatite (HA) implanted subperiosteally for alveolar ridge augmentation in dogs. All bicuspids and molars were extracted from 16 dogs. After 6 weeks, nonporous HA granules were implanted subperiosteally on the alv...

  10. Dental implants placed on bone subjected to vertical alveolar distraction show the same performance as those placed on primitive bone

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Sayáns, Mario; León Camacho, María De Los Ángeles; Somoza Martín, José Manuel; Fernández González, Beatriz; Blanes-Vázquez-Gundín, Silvia; Gándara Rey, José Manuel; García García, Abel

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Vertical osteogenic alveolar distraction (VOAD) allows for the augmentation of the alveolar ridge for the placement of dental implants in atrophic alveolar ridges. The goal of this paper is to assess long-term peri-implant bone resorption in implants placed on bones subjected to VOAD, comparing it with a group of patients who had implants placed directly on the alveolar bone without previous bone regeneration. Material and Methods: We conducted a follow-up study on 32 patients w...

  11. Alveolar Ridge Augmentation with Titanium Mesh. A Retrospective Clinical Study

    OpenAIRE

    Poli, Pier P.; Beretta, Mario; Cicciù, Marco; Maiorana, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    An adequate amount of bone all around the implant surface is essential in order to obtain long-term success of implant restoration. Several techniques have been described to augment alveolar bone volume in critical clinical situations, including guided bone regeneration, based on the use of barrier membranes to prevent ingrowth of the epithelial and gingival connective tissue cells. To achieve this goal, the use of barriers made of titanium micromesh has been advocated. A total of 13 patients...

  12. 3D vector control during alveolar ridge augmentation using distraction osteogenesis and temporary anchorage devices: a new technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aizenbud, D; Hazan-Molina, H; Cohen, M; Rachmiel, A

    2012-02-01

    This report describes a combined orthodontic surgical technique involving vertical alveolar distraction using temporary anchorage devices (TADs) in cases of massive alveolar ridge bone and teeth loss. A combined surgical orthodontic protocol included presurgical orthodontic preparation and a preimplantation surgical augmentation stage for insertion of a vertical distractor. During the active vertical alveolar distraction process TADs were inserted. Intraoral orthodontic elastics were attached to the main orthodontic archwire exerting multidirectional forces to control the vertical distraction vector. After 3 months of vector controlling and active bone moulding, the TADs were removed. Anterior alveolar ridge augmentation using distraction osteogenesis was achieved. The application of TADs for better anterior segment curvature enabled dental implant insertion, better positioning and restoration. A combined surgical orthodontic management protocol involving vertical alveolar distraction osteogenesis for augmentation purposes is an efficient treatment method to improve alveolar ridge volume for the preimplantation stage. PMID:21978932

  13. A new method to standardize CBCT for quantitative evaluation of alveolar ridge preservation in the mandible: a case report and review of the literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Yang; Xie, Lizhe; Zhou, Yi; Song, Tianxi; Zhang, Feimin; Gu, Ning

    2015-01-01

    Cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) is an effective technique for assessment of changes to the alveolar ridge (AR). However, its accuracy and reliability could be improved by standardization of imaging positions to remain unchanged during measurements. In this study, an alveolar ridge preservation procedure was performed on a left third molar (38) socket by filling it with a radiotransparent synthetic bone graft, mineralized collagen (MC). Photographic, X-ray and CBCT images were captured before and 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. A new method was developed to standardize CBCT for quantitative evaluation. Obtained CBCT images showed good comparability. The post-extraction alveolar width and height were both over 95% of the original values, but some resorption of the lingual bone wall (>50%) and inter-crestal bone (>30%). It is concluded that an effective positional standardization method was developed for CBCT assessment of AR dimensional changes in the posterior mandible. The use of MC in combination with a collagen membrane improved dimensional preservation of the AR. PMID:26816648

  14. Histological Features and Biocompatibility of Bone and Soft Tissue Substitutes in the Atrophic Alveolar Ridge Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rancitelli, Davide; Grossi, Giovanni Battista; Herford, Alan Scott

    2016-01-01

    The reconstruction of the atrophic alveolar ridges for implant placement is today a common procedure in dentistry daily practice. The surgical reconstruction provides for the optimization of the supporting bone for the implants and a restoration of the amount of keratinized gingiva for esthetic and functional reasons. In the past, tissue regeneration has been performed with autogenous bone and free gingival or connective tissue grafts. Nowadays, bone substitutes and specific collagen matrix allow for a complete restoration of the atrophic ridge without invasive harvesting procedures. A maxillary reconstruction of an atrophic ridge by means of tissue substitutes and its histological features are then presented. PMID:27022489

  15. Hyptis pectinata gel prevents alveolar bone resorption in experimental periodontitis in rats

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mnica S., Paixo; Mnica S., Melo; Nicole P., Damascena; Adriano A.S., Arajo; Andrea F., Soares; Denise V.A., Oliveira; Jeison S., Oliveira; Fabrcio T.C., Almeida; Francilene S., Amaral; Brancilene S., Arajo; Charles S., Estevam; Marco A., Botelho; Lucindo J., Quintans-Jnior.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit., Lamiaceae, is an aromatic, abundant and broadly used plant species in Sergipe to treat oral and gastrointestinal pain and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relation between periodontitis and changes in the corporal mass and alveolar bone stru [...] cture after induction of experimental periodontal disease in rat treated or not treated with H. pectinata gel at 5% (GS5%) and 10% (GS10%), comparing their effects with doxycycline gel at 10% (D10%, positive control), vehicle gel (negative control) and a group with experimental periodontal disease, but non-treated. The gels were locally applied in the gingival region immediately after the experimental periodontal disease induction by ligature (3/day, 11 days). Bone destruction was determined through clinical exam, histopathological analysis and cone beam computed tomography of the experimental animals (n = 36). After 11 days of periodontitis induction, all groups that received ligature presented a decrease in the corporal mass, except to the nave group (without experimental periodontal disease) (p

  16. Complications related to bone augmentation procedures of localized defects in the alveolar ridge. A retrospective clinical study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Torp; Jensen, Simon Storgård; Worsaae, Nils

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: This retrospective clinical study aims to evaluate complications after augmentation of localized bone defects of the alveolar ridge. METHODS: From standardized registrations, the following complications related to bone augmentation procedures were recorded: soft tissue dehiscence, infect...

  17. Alveolar Ridge Preservation Using Leukocyte and Platelet-Rich Fibrin: A Report of a Case

    OpenAIRE

    Lawrence Stephen; Johan Marnewick; Mogammad Thabit Peck

    2011-01-01

    In order for a dental implant to be restored optimally, it must be placed in an ideal anatomic position. However, this is not always possible, since physiological wound healing after tooth removal, often results in hard and soft tissue changes which ultimately compromises ideal implant placement. With the aim of minimising the need for tissue augmentation, several alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) techniques have been developed. These often require the use of grafting material and therefore i...

  18. A customized distraction device for alveolar ridge augmentation and alignment of ankylosed teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nocini, Pier Francesco; De Santis, Daniele; Ferrari, Francesca; Bertele, Gian Paolo

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an extraosseous, tooth-supported miniature intraoral device that could produce prosthetically driven bone distraction of small atrophic alveolar ridge segments. Extraosseous distraction requires that the distraction device be anchored to a dental implant previously placed into the ridge according to its anatomic axis. A distractor can also correct the position of implants placed in young patients before skeletal growth is completed. Similarly, it allows the alignment of ankylosed teeth not treatable by orthodontics. The device is made of (1) an engine consisting of an orthodontic micrometric screw; (2) a joint between the implant and the engine, ie, the ball attachment/o-ring system; and (3) an anchorage system to the oral cavity provided by an orthodontic appliance and a mini-implant for possible additional support. Surgery involves an osteotomy of the atrophic alveolar ridge segment, incorporating the implant, from the basal bone; afterward the device can be applied and distraction of the segment can be carried out. Distraction was successfully performed in 3 clinical cases: 2 bone-implant segments and 1 bone-ankylosed tooth segment. All cases were clinically uneventful. This mini-device for osteogenic distraction of small atrophic ridge segments can provide for accurate and precise ridge augmentation, as is required for ideal prosthetic rehabilitation. PMID:14982366

  19. Lost salt technique for severely resorbed alveolar ridges: An innovative approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himanshi Aggarwal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The success of a complete denture relies on the principles of retention, stability and support. The prosthodontist skill lies in applying these principles efficiently in critical situations. Severely resorbed maxillary edentulous ridges that are narrow and constricted with increased inter ridge space provide decreased support, retention and stability. The consequent weight of the processed denture only compromises them further. This article describes a case report of an edentulous patient with resorbed ridges where a simplified technique of fabricating a hollow maxillary complete denture using lost salt technique was used for preservation of denture bearing areas. The hollowing of the denture reduces the weight of the denture, thereby enhancing stability and retention, reducing the further resorption of the jaws.

  20. Alveolar ridge preservation with deproteinized bovine bone graft and collagen membrane and delayed implants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Chaoyuan; Ding, Yuxiang; Zhou, Hongzhi; Qin, Ruifeng; Hou, Rui; Zhang, Guoliang; Hu, Kaijin

    2014-09-01

    To evaluate clinically and radiographically an alveolar ridge, preservation technique with deproteinized bovine bone graft and absorbable collagen membrane and then restoration with delayed implants were done. The study included 30 patients. The trial group's sockets were filled with deproteinized bovine bone graft (Bio-Oss) and covered with absorbable collagen membrane (Bio-Gide). The control group's sockets healed without any treatment. Panoramic radiograph and computed tomography were taken immediately after graft and 3 and 6 months later to evaluate the height, width, and volume change of the alveolar ridge bone. Dental implants were inserted in all sockets at 6 months, and osseointegration condition was evaluated in the following 12 months. All sockets healed uneventfully. In the trial group, the mean (SD) height reduction of the alveolar ridge bone was 1.05 (0.24) mm at 3 months and 1.54 (0.25) mm at 6 months. The width reduction was 1.11 (0.13) mm at 3 months and 1.84 (0.35) mm at 6 months. Bone volume reduction was 193.79 (21.47) mm at 3 months and 262.06 (33.08) mm at 6 months. At the same trend, in the control group, the bone height reduction was 2.12 (0.15) mm at 3 months and 3.26 (0.29) mm at 6 months. The width reduction was 2.72 (0.19) mm at 3 months and 3.56 (0.28) mm at 6 months. Bone volume reduction was 252.19 (37.21) mm at 3 months and 342.32 (36.41) mm at 6 months. There was a significant difference in alveolar ridge bone height, width, and volume reduction in the 2 groups. The osseointegration condition had no significant difference between the 2 groups. This study suggested that the deproteinized bovine bone graft and absorbable collagen membrane were beneficial to preserve the alveolar ridge bone and had no influence on the osseointegration of delayed implant. PMID:25148644

  1. Distracción osteogénica alveolar como método de aumento del reborde alveolar Alveolar osteogenic distraction as method to increase the alveolar ridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denia Morales Navarro

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La distracción osteogénica alveolar, como proceso biológico de neoformación de hueso alveolar, nos motivó a la realización de la presente revisión bibliográfica, con el objetivo enfatizar en el análisis de las variables: antecedentes históricos en Cuba, clasificación de los distractores, fases de la distracción (latencia, distracción y consolidación, indicaciones, contraindicaciones, ventajas, desventajas y complicaciones. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica mediante la consulta de bases de datos de los sistemas referativos, como MEDLINE y PubMed con la utilización de descriptores "alveolar distraction" y "osteogenic distraction". Se consultaron las fuentes bibliográficas publicadas fundamentalmente en los últimos 5 años, lo que reveló que esta técnica es una excelente alternativa para la formación de huesos y tejidos blandos en zonas de atrofia alveolar, que consta de tres etapas: latencia, distracción y consolidación; un método previsible y con bajas tasas de reabsorción ósea en comparación con otras técnicas de aumento del reborde alveolar. Tiene su principal indicación en la terapia de implantes al proveer volumen óseo. Debemos individualizar cada caso y usar el método más adecuado según las características clínicas y personales del paciente. Una adecuada selección de los casos y una mejor comprensión de la técnica son los puntales para lograr exitosos resultados mediante la distracción osteogénica alveolar. En Cuba se ha aplicado poco la distracción alveolar, por lo que ha sido necesario ampliar los estudios sobre esta temática.The alveolar osteogenic distraction, as a biological process of alveolar bone neoformation, motivates us to make the bibliographic review whose objective was to emphasize in analysis the following variables: historical backgrounds in Cuba, distraction classification, distraction phases (latency, distraction and consolidation, indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages and complications. A bibliographic review was made by database search of reference systems as MEDLINE and PubliMed using the descriptors "alveolar distraction" o "osteogenic distraction". The published bibliographic sources mainly over 5 years concluding that this technique is an excellent alternative for the bone and soft tissues formation in zones of alveolar atrophy including three stages: latency, distraction and consolidation; being a foreseeable method and with low rates of bone reabsorption compared to other techniques of increase of alveolar ridge. It has its main indication in implant therapy to provide bone volume. We must to individualize each case and to use the more appropriate method according the clinical and personal features of patient. A proper case selection and a better understand of technique are essential to achieve successful results by alveolar osteogenic distraction. In Cuba the alveolar distraction has been not much applied being necessary to expand the studies on this subject matter.

  2. Titanium implant insertion into dog alveolar ridges augmented by allogenic material

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Haanaes, H R; Donath, K; Bang, G

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate whether titanium endosseous implants would osseointegrate in dog alveolar ridges augmented by allogenic material. In 8 dogs en bloc resection, including 2 pre-molars, was performed bilaterally in the maxilla and the mandible. After a healing period...... of 6 weeks allogenic, demineralized and lyophilized dentin or bone was implanted subperiosteally. Titanium implants were installed 5.5 months later in some of the regions. Light and fluorescence microscopic evaluation revealed fibrous encapsulation of the implanted allogenic material, no...... osteoinduction and only minimal osteoconduction, few multinuclear giant cells and a sparse inflammatory reaction. The titanium implants healed mainly by fibrous encapsulation....

  3. Comparison of alveolar ridge preservation method using three dimensional micro-computed tomographic analysis and two dimensional histometric evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Young Seok; Kim, Sung Tae; Oh, Seung Hee; Park, Hee Jung; Lee, Sophia; Kim, Taeil; Lee, Young Kyu; Heo, Min Suk [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15

    This study evaluated the efficacy of alveolar ridge preservation methods with and without primary wound closure and the relationship between histometric and micro-computed tomographic (CT) data. Porcine hydroxyapatite with polytetrafluoroethylene membrane was implanted into a canine extraction socket. The density of the total mineralized tissue, remaining hydroxyapatite, and new bone was analyzed by histometry and micro-CT. The statistical association between these methods was evaluated. Histometry and micro-CT showed that the group which underwent alveolar preservation without primary wound closure had significantly higher new bone density than the group with primary wound closure (P<0.05). However, there was no significant association between the data from histometry and micro-CT analysis. These results suggest that alveolar ridge preservation without primary wound closure enhanced new bone formation more effectively than that with primary wound closure. Further investigation is needed with respect to the comparison of histometry and micro-CT analysis.

  4. Comparison of alveolar ridge preservation method using three dimensional micro-computed tomographic analysis and two dimensional histometric evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluated the efficacy of alveolar ridge preservation methods with and without primary wound closure and the relationship between histometric and micro-computed tomographic (CT) data. Porcine hydroxyapatite with polytetrafluoroethylene membrane was implanted into a canine extraction socket. The density of the total mineralized tissue, remaining hydroxyapatite, and new bone was analyzed by histometry and micro-CT. The statistical association between these methods was evaluated. Histometry and micro-CT showed that the group which underwent alveolar preservation without primary wound closure had significantly higher new bone density than the group with primary wound closure (P<0.05). However, there was no significant association between the data from histometry and micro-CT analysis. These results suggest that alveolar ridge preservation without primary wound closure enhanced new bone formation more effectively than that with primary wound closure. Further investigation is needed with respect to the comparison of histometry and micro-CT analysis.

  5. Alveolar ridge preservation using leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin: a report of a case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, Mogammad Thabit; Marnewick, Johan; Stephen, Lawrence

    2011-01-01

    In order for a dental implant to be restored optimally, it must be placed in an ideal anatomic position. However, this is not always possible, since physiological wound healing after tooth removal, often results in hard and soft tissue changes which ultimately compromises ideal implant placement. With the aim of minimising the need for tissue augmentation, several alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) techniques have been developed. These often require the use of grafting material and therefore increase the risk of disease transmission. Leukocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) is a newly developed platelet concentrate that is prepared from the patient's own blood. Clinical research has indicated that it improves wound healing and stimulates bone formation. We present a case where L-PRF was successfully used in an ARP procedure to facilitate implant placement in a compromised extraction socket. PMID:22567435

  6. Clinical management of highly resorbed mandibular ridge without fibrous tissue

    OpenAIRE

    Veeramalai N Devaki; Paramasivam Manonmani; Kandasamy Balu; Ramraj Jayabalan Aravind

    2012-01-01

    Alveolar ridge atrophy poses a clinical challenge toward the fabrication of successful prosthesis. Resorption of mandibular denture bearing areas results in unstable non-retentive dentures associated with pain and discomfort. This article describes rehabilitation procedure of a patient with resorbed ridge with maximal areas of coverage to improve support and neutral zone arrangement of teeth to improve stability of denture.

  7. Clinical management of highly resorbed mandibular ridge without fibrous tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veeramalai N Devaki

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar ridge atrophy poses a clinical challenge toward the fabrication of successful prosthesis. Resorption of mandibular denture bearing areas results in unstable non-retentive dentures associated with pain and discomfort. This article describes rehabilitation procedure of a patient with resorbed ridge with maximal areas of coverage to improve support and neutral zone arrangement of teeth to improve stability of denture.

  8. SYSTEMIC NON-MALIGNANT OSTEOPOROSIS AND REDUCTION OF EDENTULOUS ALVEOLAR RIDGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Postic D. Srdjan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Systemic osteoporosis damages skeletal bones to different degrees. The aim of this study was to determine the intensity and correlation of the osteoporotic changes in the bone density of the skeleton and body mass index (BMI with a reduction in edentulous mandibles, and to assess possibility of reparation of layers of mandibles with increase of mineral content in jaws of patients affected by osteoporosis. Material and Methods. In this study, 99 edentulous patients with decreased bone density comprised the experimental group, and 48 edentulous patients with normal bone densities formed the control. The age of the examined patients was 69.02 ± 7,9, range 53–74 of females and 69.11 ± 7.1, range 59–76 years. Radiographs of the hands and panoramic radiographs were done for all the patients. The values of BMI, metacarpal index , density of lumbar spine (L2–L4, in the phalanx and in segments of the mandibles as well as the edentulous alveolar ridges heights were measured, assessed and calculated. Results. The lowest value of the total skeletal density was established in the osteoporotic patients on the basis of the average T-score of – 2.5 in men, and – 2.6 in women. Minimum values of the edentulous ridges heights (right/left, in mm were measured in both osteoporotic females (21.84/22.39 and males 24.90/24.96 patients. By comparison of the densities of the metacarpal bones, proximal phalanx, segments of the edentulous mandibles and based on the numerical values of the edentulous ridges heights χ2 = 3.81 was found in men and χ2 = 4.03 was found in women with normal bone densities; χ 2= 5.92 was found in men and χ2=6.25 was found in women with osteopenia; χ2= 2.63 was found in men and χ2 = 3.85 was found in women with osteoporosis, on the level of probability of 0.05. After application of calcium and calcitonin in solutions, moderate increment of density (p < 0.05; p < 0.01 was verified, compensating up to 4% of total loss of mass, minerals and solidity of denture bearing areas of osteoporotic mandibles. Conclusion. Systemic osteoporosis leads to decrease of densities of bones of mandibles and causes reduction of edentulous ridges.

  9. An evaluation of the position of the neutral zone in relation to the crest of mandibular alveolar ridge - An In-vivo study

    OpenAIRE

    Bhorgonde, Deepak; Nandakumar, K.; Khurana, Punit R S; Kumari, V Santoshi; Reddy, M Sushendar; Siddique, Sabin

    2014-01-01

    Background: In view of the importance of neutral zone in complete denture construction, it was thought feasible to determine the relation between the centre of the alveolar ridge crest in relation to the neutral zone in a buccolingual direction which will help in positioning of the teeth in a region of minimum conflict so that the stability of the denture is enhanced. Materials & Methods: The position of the neutral zone to alveolar ridge crest was investigated in 3...

  10. Stress distribution in maxillary alveolar ridge according to finite element analysis using micro-CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate stress distribution by finite element analysis in an accurate model simulating trabecular bone using micro-CT. Dentulous and edentulous maxillary jaws of Japanese adult cadavers were used (5 sides each; total, 10 sides). Imaging was performed using a micro-CT, followed by reconstruction with 3-D images. Finite element analysis models were developed using the maxilla with average bone morphometry. A load corresponding to occlusal force was applied in different loading conditions, followed by evaluation of stress distribution. In dentulous maxillas, a load was applied in the dental axis direction to the first molar crown (LD). In edentulous maxillas, a load was applied directly to a circular area 4 mm in diameter (LER0) to a cylinder 4 mm in diameter and 10 mm in height (LER10) corresponding to the first molar area. Stress was concentrated in cortical bone around the first molar, trabecular bone and cortical bone at the maxillary sinus base in LD, cortical bone of the alveolar ridge in LER0, and trabecular bone around the cylinder and cortical bone at the maxillary sinus base in LER10. LER0 showed a stress distribution markedly different from that in LD. Compared with LER0, LER10 showed a stress distribution close to that in LD. A model simulating trabecular bone allows a more accurate evaluation of stress distribution. (author)

  11. Photoelastic Stress Analysis Surrounding Implant-Supported Prosthesis and Alveolar Ridge on Mandibular Overdentures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Yage Ballester

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to evaluate the maximum stress around osseointegrated implants and alveolar ridge, in a mandible with left partial resection through a photoelastic mandibular model. The first group consisted of two implants: traditional model (T, implants placed in the position of both canines; fulcrum model (F, implants placed in the position of left canine CL and right lateral incisor LiR. Both models linked through a bar and clips. The second group was consisted of three implants, with implants placed in the position of both canines (CR and CL and the right lateral incisor (LiR, which composed four groups: (1 model with 3 O rings, (2 model 2 ERAs, bar with clips, (3 model 2 ERAs bar without clips; (4 model O ring bar and ERA. An axial and an oblique load of 6.8?kgf was applied on a overdenture at the 1st Pm, 2nd Pm, and 1st M. Results showed that the area around the left canine (CL was practically free of stress; the left lateral incisor (LiL developed only small tensions, and low stress in all the other cases; the right canine tooth suffered the largest concentrations of stress, mainly with the ERA retention mechanism.

  12. Prosthetic Management of an Extensive Maxillary Alveolar Resorption with an Implant-supported Restoration: a Technical Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariborz Saadat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the recent developments in peri-implant surgical regenerative procedures, re-establishing the hard and soft tissue contour is still a challenge in cases with severe ridge deficiency. It becomes more difficult when incorrectly placed implants cause screw connections to come out onto the labial surfaces of the teeth. A two-part maxillary implant supported fixed restoration was constructed. The first part was consisted of a screw retained sub-structure that replaced gingival portions of the deficient maxilla and the second part was a cement retained super-structure that reconstructed the anatomical crowns of the lost teeth. In this way awkwardly placed implants did not interfere with the desired esthetic result. Another great advantage was that the alterations or repairs on cemented crowns can easily be carried out without compromising the entire construction.

  13. Alveolar ridge augmentation by connective tissue grafting using a pouch method and modified connective tissue technique: A prospective study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Ashish; Gupta, Narinder Dev

    2015-01-01

    Background: Localized alveolar ridge defect may create physiological and pathological problems. Developments in surgical techniques have made it simpler to change the configuration of a ridge to create a more aesthetic and more easily cleansable shape. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of alveolar ridge augmentation using a subepithelial connective tissue graft in pouch and modified connective tissue graft technique. Materials and Methods: In this randomized, double blind, parallel and prospective study, 40 non-smoker individuals with 40 class III alveolar ridge defects in maxillary anterior were randomly divided in two groups. Group I received modified connective tissue graft, while group II were treated with subepithelial connective tissue graft in pouch technique. The defect size was measured in its horizontal and vertical dimension by utilizing a periodontal probe in a stone cast at base line, after 3 months, and 6 months post surgically. Analysis of variance and Bonferroni post-hoc test were used for statistical analysis. A two-tailed P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: Mean values in horizontal width after 6 months were 4.70 0.87 mm, and 4.05 0.89 mm for group I and II, respectively. Regarding vertical heights, obtained mean values were 4.75 0.97 mm and 3.70 0.92 mm for group I and group II, respectively. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, connective tissue graft proposed significantly more improvement as compare to connective tissue graft in pouch. PMID:26759591

  14. Carcinoma de clulas escamosas em rebordo alveolar inferior: diagnstico e tratamento odontolgico de suporte Squamous cell carcinoma in lower alveolar ridge: diagnosis and odontologic support treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filipe Ivan Daniel

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O carcinoma epidermide a neoplasia maligna mais comum de cavidade oral e estruturas adjacentes. Apresenta maior incidncia no gnero masculino, aps a quarta dcada de vida, e tem como principais fatores etiolgicos os usos crnicos de tabaco e lcool. Neste trabalho relatado um caso de carcinoma de clulas escamosas do rebordo alveolar inferior, que no uma regio preferencial para esse tipo de patologia. Tambm discutida a importncia do cirurgio-dentista na equipe de profissionais que assiste esses pacientes, tanto no diagnstico precoce quanto no manejo das alteraes estomatolgicas advindas da terapia antineoplsica.Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignant neoplasm in oral cavity and adjacent structures. Its prevalence is higher in males, after the fourth decade, and the main etiologic associated factors are smoking and alcohol. This study reports a case of squamous cell carcinoma arising from the lower alveolar ridge, a non-preferential site for this pathology. It also discusses the importance of the dentist in the team of professionals assisting these patients, in early diagnosis and treatment of the stomatological alterations due to antineoplastic therapy.

  15. Three-Dimensional Bone Regeneration of Alveolar Ridge Defects Using Corticocancellous Allogeneic Block Grafts: Histologic and Immunohistochemical Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jun, Choong-Man; Yun, Jeong-Ho

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the effectiveness of a corticocancellous block allograft for restoring alveolar ridge defects in preparation for the placement of dental implants was assessed. Significant ridge defects in four partially edentulous patients were reconstructed using an irradiated corticocancellous allogeneic block soaked in platelet-rich plasma, which was also covered with a resorbable collagen membrane. After 5 or 6 months, the sites were reentered and a trephine bone core specimen was obtained from each augmented site for histologic, histomorphometric, and immunohistochemical assessment. In all four cases, histologic evaluation of the augmented site showed areas of new vital bone formation around the graft material (mean newly formed bone fraction, 23.7%; mean total mineralized tissue fraction, 40.1%), in which osteocytes were frequently observed within the lacunae. Immunohistochemical analysis showed the presence of biomarkers commonly related to active bone formation (alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and bone morphogenetic protein-2), confirming that the biochemical environment was conducive to new bone formation. The findings of this study demonstrate that the use of allogeneic block grafts for restoring alveolar ridge defects prior to the placement of dental implants may be an effective and advantageous alternative to autograft procedures. PMID:26697555

  16. Minimally Invasive Alveolar Ridge Preservation Utilizing an In Situ Hardening β-Tricalcium Phosphate Bone Substitute: A Multicenter Case Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leventis, Minas D.; Fairbairn, Peter; Kakar, Ashish; Leventis, Angelos D.; Margaritis, Vasileios; Lückerath, Walter; Horowitz, Robert A.; Rao, Bappanadu H.; Lindner, Annette; Nagursky, Heiner

    2016-01-01

    Ridge preservation measures, which include the filling of extraction sockets with bone substitutes, have been shown to reduce ridge resorption, while methods that do not require primary soft tissue closure minimize patient morbidity and decrease surgical time and cost. In a case series of 10 patients requiring single extraction, in situ hardening beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) granules coated with poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) were utilized as a grafting material that does not necessitate primary wound closure. After 4 months, clinical observations revealed excellent soft tissue healing without loss of attached gingiva in all cases. At reentry for implant placement, bone core biopsies were obtained and primary implant stability was measured by final seating torque and resonance frequency analysis. Histological and histomorphometrical analysis revealed pronounced bone regeneration (24.4 ± 7.9% new bone) in parallel to the resorption of the grafting material (12.9 ± 7.7% graft material) while high levels of primary implant stability were recorded. Within the limits of this case series, the results suggest that β-TCP coated with polylactide can support new bone formation at postextraction sockets, while the properties of the material improve the handling and produce a stable and porous bone substitute scaffold in situ, facilitating the application of noninvasive surgical techniques. PMID:27190516

  17. Distracción osteogénica alveolar: una alternativa en la reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos: Descripción de 10 casos Alveolar distraction osteogenesis: an alternative in the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges: Report of 10 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.E. Maurette O’Brien

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available La distracción osteogénica alveolar (DOA es un método alternativo para la reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos que ofrece un resultado previsible y que disminuye los tiempo de espera entre la reconstrucción del reborde alveolar atrófico y la colocación de los implantes óseo-integrados, en comparación con los métodos tradicionalmente utilizados. Fueron atendidos 10 pacientes que presentaban deficiencia de reborde alveolar mandibular y/o maxilar por medio de distracción osteogénica, utilizando un dispositivo yuxtaoseo (Conexión Implant System® - SP-Brasil. Todos los pacientes fueron atendidos de forma ambulatoria, bajo anestesia local y sedación conciente, comenzando la activación del dispositivo a los 7 días posteriores a la instalación, con un patrón de activación de 1 mm diarios hasta alcanzar la altura ósea deseada. Posteriormente se aguardaron 10 semanas como parte del periodo de consolidación ósea y se realizo la colocación de los implantes oseointegrados y local y el retiro del dispositivo de distracción, pudiéndose comprobar clínica y radiográficamente la ganancia de la altura y volumen óseo necesario para la rehabilitación por medio de implantes.The alveolar distraction osteogenesis is an alternative method for the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges with success, that decrease the time of wait between the reconstruction of the alveolar ridge and the placement of the osseointegrated implants in comparison with the traditionally used methods. 10 patients that presented deficiency of the alveolar ridge in the maxilla and/or mandible were assisted by means of distraction osteogenesis, using a juxtaosseous device (Conexion Implant System® - SP-Brazil. All the patients were assisted of form ambulatory, under local anesthesia and conscientious sedation, beginning the activation from the device 7 days later to the installation, with a pattern of activation 1 mm diary until reaching the wanted bony height. Later on 10 weeks like part of the period of bony consolidation were awaited and one carries out the placement of the osseointegraded implants and the retirement of the distraction device, being able to check clinic and radiographic the gain of the height and necessary bony volume for the rehabilitation by means of implants.

  18. Orthopantomographic study of the alveolar bone level on periodontal disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author had measured the alveolar bone level of periodontal disease on 50 cases of orthopantomogram to detect the degree of alveolar bone resorption of both sexes of Korean. The results were obtained as follows; 1. Alveolar bone resorption of mesial and distal portion was similar in same patient. 2. The order of alveolar bone resorption was mandibular anterior region, posterior region, canine and premolar region of both jaws. 3. The degree of alveolar bone destruction was severe in shorter root length than longer one. 4. The degree of alveolar bone resorption was severe in fourth decades.

  19. Anthropometric Measurements in Toothed and Toothless Maxillaries and its Consequences in Human Alveolar Bone Resorption Mediciones Antropométricas en Maxilares con y sin Dientes de Humanos y sus Consecuencias en la Reabsorción Ósea Alveolar

    OpenAIRE

    Jaciel Benedito de Oliveira; Andrelle Nayara Cavalcanti Lima de Almeida; Carla Cabral dos Santos Accioly Lins; Adelmar Afonso de Amorim Júnior; Zélia Albuquerque Seixas

    2012-01-01

    This study proposes to measure and compare anthropometric measurements between toothed and toothless maxillas. 26 human skulls were used with: 13 toothed and 13 toothless maxillas. The measurements were made between the distances of the alveolar ridge (AR): the anterior nasal spine (ANS), to the incisive foramen (FI) and the palatine foramen, greater (FPMA) and lower (FPME) on both sides by two evaluators. The data obtained showed that the average of the measurements were correspondingly high...

  20. [Anterior bridges with the IPS-Empress-2 System after alveolar ridge augmentation. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zawta, C; Bernhard, M

    2000-01-01

    The success of a prosthesis is judged according to optimal function, good chewing comfort, adequate phonetics and white and pink esthetics. The aim of a treatment is to approach the perfection of nature. For anterior bridgework, the all-ceramic System IPS Empress 2 offers light transmission and reflection comparable to that of natural teeth, provided that the pink esthetics are optimised in the preprosthetic phase. The provision of an anterior bridge in the IPS Empress 2-system is presented here in the form of a case report. After extraction of the anterior teeth, a ridge augmentation including preparation of the pontic bed was carried out. The type of post and core, preparation and cementation are important parameters for the success of all-ceramic restorations. PMID:10670274

  1. Improving oral rehabilitation through the preservation of the tissues through alveolar preservation

    OpenAIRE

    Afrashtehfar, Kelvin Ian; Kurtzman, Gregori Michael; Mahesh, Lanka

    2012-01-01

    When performing a tooth extraction, imminent collapse of the tissue by resorption and remodeling of the socket is a natural occurrence. The procedure for the preservation of the alveolar ridge has been widely described in the dental literatures and aims to maintain hard and soft tissues in the extraction site for optimal rehabilitation either with conventional fixed or removable prosthetics or implant-supported prosthesis.

  2. Systemic effects of fluoxetine on the amount of tooth movement, root resorption, and alveolar bone remodeling during orthodontic force application in rat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Rafiei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Antidepressant drugs such as fluoxetine are of the most commonly used drugs among the public. These drugs may impact the regulation of bone cell functioning, and thus affect orthodontic tooth movement. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of fluoxetine on tooth movements during orthodontic treatment in rats. Materials and Methods: In this study, 30 male rats were randomly assigned into two groups and injected with fluoxetine 10 mg/kg (experimental group and normal saline (control group for a period of 1-month intraperitoneally 5 times/week. Then, the rats were anesthetized and a nickel-titanium closed-coil spring was placed between the left maxillary first molar and left maxillary central incisors of all samples, and then fluoxetine (experimental group and normal saline (control group were injected for another 3 weeks by the same method. After measuring tooth movements, rats were sacrificed, and histomorphometric analyses were conducted and the obtained data were statistically analyzed using independent t-test and the significance was set at 0.05. Results: Following the fluoxetine injection, the mean amount of tooth movements in the experimental group was reduced compared to the control group, which was not statistically significant (P = 0.14. There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding bone apposition rate (P = 0.83, external root resorption rate (P = 0.1, and mean number of root resorption lacunae (P = 0.16. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, systemic use of fluoxetine may cause insignificant reduction of tooth movement rate in rats; however, this subject needs more evaluations.

  3. Root resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Inger

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This paper summarizes the different conditions, which have a well-known influence on the resorption of tooth roots, exemplified by trauma and orthodontic treatment. The concept of the paper is to summarize and explain symptoms and signs of importance for avoiding resorption during...... orthodontic treatment. The Hypothesis: The hypothesis in this paper is that three different tissue layers covering the root in the so-called periroot sheet can explain signs and symptoms of importance for avoiding root resorption during orthodontic treatment. These different tissue layers are; outermost......-an ectodermal tissue layer (Malassez′s epithelium), a middle layer-composed by the collagen-mesodermal tissue layer, and an innermost root-close innervation layer. Abnormalities in one of these tissue layers are thought to cause inflammatory processes in the periodontal membrane comparable to inflammatory...

  4. A prospective, randomized controlled preclinical trial to evaluate different formulations of biphasic calcium phosphate in combination with a hydroxyapatite collagen membrane to reconstruct deficient alveolar ridges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevins, Myron; Nevins, Marc L; Schupbach, Peter; Kim, Soo-Woo; Lin, Zhao; Kim, David M

    2013-04-01

    Many patients and clinicians would prefer a synthetic particulate bone replacement graft, but most available alloplastic biomaterials have limited osteogenic potential. An alloplast with increased regenerative capacity would be advantageous for the treatment of localized alveolar ridge defects. This prospective, randomized controlled preclinical trial utilized 6 female foxhounds to analyze the osteogenic impact of different formulations of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) in combination with an hydroxyapatite-collagen membrane and their ability to reconstruct deficient alveolar ridges for future implant placement. The grafted sites were allowed to heal 3 months, and then trephine biopsies were obtained to perform light microscopic and histomorphometric analyses. All treated sites healed well with no early membrane exposure or adverse soft tissue responses during the healing period. The grafted sites exhibited greater radiopacity than the surrounding native bone with BCP particles seen as radiopaque granules. The graft particles appeared to be well-integrated and no areas of loose particles were observed. Histologic evaluation demonstrated BCP particles embedded in woven bone with dense connective tissue/marrow space. New bone growth was observed around the graft particles as well as within the structure of the graft particulate. There was intimate contact between the graft particles and newly formed bone, and graft particles were bridged by the newly formed bone in all biopsies from the tested groups. The present study results support the potential of these BCP graft particulates to stimulate new bone formation. Clinical studies are recommended to confirm these preclinical findings. PMID:23611676

  5. Adrenomedullin delivery in microsphere-scaffold composite for remodeling of the alveolar bone following tooth extraction: an experimental study in the rat

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Lin; Zheng, Ling; Li, Chunyan; Dong, Shujun; A, Lan; ZHOU, YANMIN

    2013-01-01

    Background Alveolar ridge resorption, as a significant problem in implant and restorative dentistry, has long been considered as an inevitable outcome following tooth extraction. Recently, adrenomedullin (ADM) is reported to be able to stimulate the proliferation and migration of various cells including osteoblasts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of local ADM application in the tooth extraction socket in vivo. Methods Chitosan micropheres were developed by an emuls...

  6. Anthropometric Measurements in Toothed and Toothless Maxillaries and its Consequences in Human Alveolar Bone Resorption Mediciones Antropométricas en Maxilares con y sin Dientes de Humanos y sus Consecuencias en la Reabsorción Ósea Alveolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaciel Benedito de Oliveira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes to measure and compare anthropometric measurements between toothed and toothless maxillas. 26 human skulls were used with: 13 toothed and 13 toothless maxillas. The measurements were made between the distances of the alveolar ridge (AR: the anterior nasal spine (ANS, to the incisive foramen (FI and the palatine foramen, greater (FPMA and lower (FPME on both sides by two evaluators. The data obtained showed that the average of the measurements were correspondingly higher in toothed maxillas than in toothless, for all measurements in any one of the evaluators. The AR-ANS (p = 0.001, IF-AR (p = 0.006, AR-FPMA right (p = 0.001 and AR-FPMA left (p Este estudio propuso medir y comparar las medidas antropométricas entre los maxilares con y sin dientes. Fueron utilizados 26 cráneos humanos, 13 maxilares con dientes y 13 sin dientes. Las mediciones fueron realizadas a ambos lados por dos evaluadores entre las distancias del reborde alveolar (RA: a la espina nasal anterior (ENA, al canal incisivo (CI y a lo foraámenes palatinos mayor (FPMA y menor (FPME. Los datos mostraron que la media de las mediciones fueron proporcionalmente mayores en las maxilas con dientes, para todas las mediciones en cualquiera de los evaluadores. El RA-ENA (p = 0,001, AR-CI (p = 0,006, RA-APMA derecho (p = 0,001 y RA-APMA izquierdo (p <0,001 y RA-APME en ambos lados (p = 0,001, comprobando la existencia de diferencias significativas entre los dos tipos de maxila. Fue verificado que a partir de la pérdida dental ocurren irreversibles cambios anatómicos en el maxilar, que deben ser considerados en el diseño y fabricación de prótesis e implantes osteointegrados.

  7. Multiple tooth resorption in an Italian Greyhound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An Italian greyhound was presented three times during a two-year period for dental prophylaxis due to periodontal disease. Clinical examination revealed lesions on several teeth. Radiographs revealed extensive resorptive root lesions. On histological examination, the presence of odontoclasts and signs of boney remodeling of the roots confirmed the resorptive nature of the lesions. Given the extent of the lesions, and poor prognosis with conservative treatment alone, teeth affected by the most severe resorption were extracted at each visit using a flap technique combined with alveolar vestibular osteotomy. Dental resorptive lesions are rarely detected in the dog but may be more frequent than previously thought. The routine use of dental radiographs can be used to reveal these lesions in the dog

  8. Perawatan Ortodonti pada Kasus Mutilasi dengan Resorpsi Tulang Alveolar dan Resesi Gingiva (Laporan Kasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Widayati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the mutilated case in adults, generally malocclusion is often accompanied by less support of periodontal tissues, such as alveolar bone resorption and gingival recession. The treatment of orthodontic is to arrange the teeth into good position and good occlusion, but is widely known to increase the alveolar bone resorption. In handling such case, orthodontist needs to look at factors which do not increase existing alveolar bone resorption and gingival recession. In this case report, it will be reported orthodontic treatment on mutilated case which are accompanied by alveolar bone resorption and gingival recession on a patient of 45 years and 4 months of age.

  9. Fabrication and anti-microbial evaluation of drug loaded polylactide space filler intended for ridge preservation following tooth extraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebu George Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The preservation or reduction of alveolar ridge resorption following tooth extraction is important in patients especially for those intended for implants at a later stage. One way to achieve this is by using membranes, graft materials, and biodegradable space fillers to prevent alveolar bone resorption and promote regeneration. A major attraction for using biodegradable and biocompatible polymers as space fillers for ridge preservation is their safety profile in comparison to xenograft materials like lyophilized bone and collagen. Materials and Methods: Biocompatible polylactide space fillers were fabricated by fusing porous polylactide particles. The sponges were loaded with drugs by placing them in the respective solutions. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated from a chronic periodontitis patient and in vitro anti-microbial evaluation was done with the drug loaded sponges. Results: Chlorhexidine loaded space filler showed significant anti microbial effect against multiple drug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from a patient with chronic periodontitis. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that biodegradable drug releasing polylactide space fillers has the potential to be used for ridge preservation following tooth extraction. Release of drugs in the socket may prove useful in preventing development of alveolar osteitis post extraction which can interfere with normal healing of the socket. Synthetic biodegradable polymers also exhibit a controlled degradation rate to achieve complete resorption within the intended time.

  10. Restoration of the maxillary anterior tooth using immediate implantation with simultaneous ridge augmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Jun-Beom

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Atrophy is most severe during the first month of post-extraction in the anterior maxilla with the degree of horizontal bone resorption being nearly twice as high as that of vertical bone resorption. The loss of the buccal alveolar plate following tooth extraction may lead to palatal implant positioning of the implants. Thus, immediate or early implant placement in the extraction socket has been suggested, because it would reduce the time period and the number of surgical intervention and yield higher patient satisfaction compared with delayed placed implants. However, placement of an implant immediately after tooth extraction may result in a gap between the occlusal portion of the implant and the surrounding alveolar bone crest. In this case report, an implant-supported restoration which is in harmony with the surrounding hard and soft tissue was created by the immediate implant placement with ridge augmentation in anterior region with high satisfaction from the patient.

  11. Mandibular bone resorption in patients treated with tissue-integrated prostheses and in complete-denture wearers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mandibular bone resorption was studied in patients treated with tissue-integrated prostheses (TIP) and in complete-denture wearers by distance and area measurements on cephalometric radiographs. The area measurements were performed by means of a computer. Two TIP groups with short and long periods (average χ=2.4 and 23.9 years) of edentulousness, and wearing complete dentures before fixture installation, were followed up to over 7-8 years. Mandibular bone resorption was remarkably small behind the distally positioned fixtures in comparison with the correspondings region in complete-denture wearers. Patients with complete dentures showed a continous resorption of the mandibular alveolar ridge over 21 years, even though there were great individual variations. The bone loss was most pronounced anteriorly and during the first 2 years after extraction of the residual teeth. It is concluded that treatment with tissue-integrated prostheses seems to reduce bone resorption in the mandible, probably owing to favorable load conditions and adequate stimulation of the bone

  12. Mechanisms of Bone Resorption in Periodontitis

    OpenAIRE

    Hienz, Stefan A.; Paliwal, Sweta; Ivanovski, Saso

    2015-01-01

    Alveolar bone loss is a hallmark of periodontitis progression and its prevention is a key clinical challenge in periodontal disease treatment. Bone destruction is mediated by the host immune and inflammatory response to the microbial challenge. However, the mechanisms by which the local immune response against periodontopathic bacteria disturbs the homeostatic balance of bone formation and resorption in favour of bone loss remain to be established. The osteoclast, the principal bone resorptiv...

  13. Invasive cervical root resorption: Engineering the lost tissue by regeneration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dexton Antony Johns

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Invasive cervical resorption (ICR is a localized resorptive process that commences on the surface of the root below the epithelial attachment and the coronal aspect of the supporting alveolar process, namely the zone of the connective tissue attachment′ early diagnosis, elimination of the resorption and restorative management are the keys to a successful outcome. Treatment done was a combined non-surgical root canal therapy, surgical treatment to expose the resorptive defect and the resorptive defect was filled up with reverse sandwich technique and finally the bony defect filled with platelet rich fibrin (PRF, hydroxylapatite and PRF membrane. Significant bone fill was obtained in our case after a 2 year follow-up period. This case report presents a treatment strategy that might improve the healing outcomes for patients with ICR.

  14. Frequency of the external resorptions of root apex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opačić-Galić Vanja

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Root resorptions present a significant problem in endodontic therapy of the affected teeth and in dentistry in general. The objective of this study was to analyze, based on epidemiological and statistical research, the frequency of clinical incidence of pathological root resorptions in everyday practice related to localization, type of tooth, age and sex of patients. Radiographie documentation of patients treated from 1997 till 2002 at the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Stomatology in Belgrade, was used as baseline for this study. Retroalveolar radiographs of teeth with visible signs of resorptions were singled out from 15654 patients' clinical records used for this study. The external resorptions were shown as radiolucent areas localized on various outer root surfaces, followed by significant or less significant resorption of lamina dura and alveolar bone. Out of all teeth analyzed in this study, 594 (3.79% showed some kind of resorption. The external resorptions were found to be more present in the upper jaw (55.10% and molars (50.30% than in the lower jaw (44.90% and single root teeth (49.70%, but in both cases without significant statistical differences. The most frequent localization of resorptions was root apex (82.44%. In regard to age, the most frequent resorptions were recorded in patients aged between 21 and 30 years (28.40%, and the lowest incidence was found in the youngest population (5.51%. The results also showed that resorptions were more frequent among the female population (59.04% than among the male population (40.96%. Based on these results, we may conclude that the external root resorptions are not a frequent clinical phenomenon. Proper and early diagnostics of such tissue pathology is one of the basic prerequisites for successful endodontic therapy of the affected root.

  15. Evaluación radiográfica de aumentos de rebordes alveolares con injertos aloplásticos de hidroxiapatita no reabsorbible: seguimiento a nueve meses Radiographic evaluation of alveolar ridge augmentation with non resorbable hydroxyapatite alloplastic grafts: nine months follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Antonio Gil Cárdenas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el objetivo fue determinar radiográficamente el porcentaje de estabilidad de la altura del reborde alveolar del maxilar superior e inferior en pacientes sometidos a cirugía preprotésica de aumento de reborde con implante de HA no reabsorbible. MÉTODOS: el estudio se realizó en quince pacientes, en quienes se determinaron mediciones reproducibles. Para el maxilar superior: (A desde espina nasal anterior; (B derecha-izquierda desde el borde más inferior de las fosas nasales; (C derecha- izquierda desde el borde más inferior de la órbita. Para el maxilar inferior: (E desde el borde inferior de la mandíbula y pasando por la sínfisis; (F derecha-izquierda pasando por el agujero mentoniano; (G derecha-izquierda pasando 5 mm. atrás del agujero mentoniano; (H derecha-izquierda pasando 10 mm posterior al agujero mentoniano. Todas las mediciones se realizaron en el prequirúrgico, en el posquirúrgico inmediato, y a los nueve meses. RESULTADOS: se promediaron los diferentes puntos del maxilar superior (PPMXS y se observó una pérdida de altura entre el 6,29 y un 33,6% con promedio del 17,36 %. En el maxilar inferior (PPMXI se observó una variación desde ganancia del 6,31% hasta una disminución del 18,87%, con promedio del 2,54%. CONCLUSIONES: el implante de HA permite restablecer adecuada altura del reborde alveolar. La altura del reborde alveolar obtenida inicialmente presenta un porcentaje de disminución de su altura en el maxilar superior del 17,36%, y en el maxilar inferior del 2,54 durante el seguimiento a nueve meses.INTRODUCTION: the purpose of this study was to determine radiographically the percentage of stability of alveolar ridge height in the maxilla and the mandible in patients subjected to pre prosthetic surgery of ridge augmentation with non resorbable HA implants. METHODS: the study was performed in 15 patients in whom reproducible measurements were taken. For the maxilla: (A From Anterior Nasal Spine; (B right and left from the lowest border of the nasal fossae; (C right and left from the lowest border of the orbit. For the mandible: (E from the lowest border of the mandible passing through symphysis; (F right and left passing through the mental foramen; (G right and left passing 5 mm posterior to the mental foramen; (H right and left passing 10 mm posterior to mental foramen. All measurements were performed before surgery, immediately after and, nine months after surgery. RESULTS: the different points of the maxilla were averaged (PPMXS and a height loss between 6.29% and 33.6% was observed, with an average of 17.36%. For the mandible (PPMXL variations ranging from 6.31% of augmentation to 18.8% loss were observed, with an average of 2.54%. CONCLUSIONS: HA implants allow reestablishment of adequate alveolar ridge height. The alveolar ridge height initially obtained presents a decrease percentage in height for the maxilla of 17.36% and 2.54% for the mandible after nine months follow up.

  16. Bone resorption: an actor of dental and periodontal development?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gama, Andrea; Navet, Benjamin; Vargas, Jorge William; Castaneda, Beatriz; Lézot, Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    Dental and periodontal tissue development is a complex process involving various cell-types. A finely orchestrated network of communications between these cells is implicated. During early development, communications between cells from the oral epithelium and the underlying mesenchyme govern the dental morphogenesis with successive bud, cap and bell stages. Later, interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal cells occur during dental root elongation. Root elongation and tooth eruption require resorption of surrounding alveolar bone to occur. For years, it was postulated that signaling molecules secreted by dental and periodontal cells control bone resorbing osteoclast precursor recruitment and differentiation. Reverse signaling originating from bone cells (osteoclasts and osteoblasts) toward dental cells was not suspected. Dental defects reported in osteopetrosis were associated with mechanical stress secondary to defective bone resorption. In the last decade, consequences of bone resorption over-activation on dental and periodontal tissue formation have been analyzed with transgenic animals (RANKTg and Opg−∕− mice). Results suggest the existence of signals originating from osteoclasts toward dental and periodontal cells. Meanwhile, experiments consisting in transitory inhibition of bone resorption during root elongation, achieved with bone resorption inhibitors having different mechanisms of action (bisphosphonates and RANKL blocking antibodies), have evidenced dental and periodontal defects that support the presence of signals originating bone cells toward dental cells. The aim of the present manuscript is to present the data we have collected in the last years that support the hypothesis of a role of bone resorption in dental and periodontal development. PMID:26594180

  17. Accuracy of vertical bitewing and bisect periapical radiography techniques in anterior mandibular teeth interdental bone resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Shah Abouei

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Alveolar bone level is changed due to the balance between bone formation and resorption. Radiographic examination has an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases. This study was performed to compare the accuracy of vertical bitewing and periapical radiography in anterior mandibular teeth interdental bone resorption using grid sheet.Materials and Methods: A total of 20 patients who all needed periodontal surgery on their anterior mandibular region were included. Before surgery, using grid sheet, 3 periapical radiographs and 3 vertical bitewing radiographs were taken from the anterior mandibular region, and the distance between CEJ and the crest of alveolar bone were measured on the scaled radiographs. During periodontal surgery the real amount of bone resorption was measured via Williams probe. The collected data were then analyzed by paired-t-test.Results: The mean of alveolar bone resorption on vertical bitewing radiography was 3.88 1.06 and 3.97 0.97 for mandibular incisors and mandibular canines respectively. On periapical radiography however, the same value was 3.80 0.75 for mandibular incisors, and 3.90 1.11 for mandibular canines. Applying Williams probe during surgery, the mean value of real alveolar bone resorption was found to be 3.20 1.20 for mandibular incisors, and 3.18 1.03 for mandibular canines.Conclusion: Based on the findings, there were significant differences between the findings on periapical and vertical bitewing radiographs with the real amount of bone resorption recorded during surgery. However, the difference between the accuracy of bite wing and periapical radiography in measuring the amount of alveolar bone resorption in anterior mandibular region was not significant.

  18. Comparative evaluation of a biomimic collagen/hydroxyapatite/β-tricaleium phosphate scaffold in alveolar ridge preservation with Bio-Oss Collagen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tong; Li, Qing; Zhang, Gui-feng; Zhou, Gang; Yu, Xin; Zhang, Jing; Wang, Xiu-mei; Tang, Zhi-hui

    2016-04-01

    Bone scaffolds are critical in current implant and periodontal regeneration approaches. In this study, we prepared a novel composite type-I collagen and hydroxyapatite (HA)/β-tricaleium phosphate (TCP) scaffold (CHTS) by incorporating type-I collagen and bovine calcined bone granules, prepared as a mixture of 50% HA and 50% TCP, by freeze drying. We then characterized the CHTS and determined its cytotoxic effects. Additionally, ridge preservation experiments were carried out to evaluate the clinical effects of the CHTS. The results demonstrated that the composite scaffolds had good surface morphology and no cytotoxicity. Additionally, an in vivo experiment in an animal model showed that the CHTS performed equally as well as Bio-Oss Collagen, a widely used bone graft in ridge preservation. These findings revealed that the CHTS, which contained natural constituents of bone, could be used as a scaffold for bone regeneration and clinical use.

  19. Invasive cervical resorption: treatment challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Yookyung; Lee, Chan-Young; Kim, Euiseong; Roh, Byoung-Duck

    2012-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption is a relatively uncommon form of external root resorption. It is characterized by invasion of cervical region of the root by fibrovascular tissue derived from the periodontal ligament. This case presents an invasive cervical resorption occurring in maxillary lateral incisor, following damage in cervical cementum from avulsion and intracoronal bleaching procedure. Flap reflection, debridement and restoration with glass ionomer cement were performed in an attempt to...

  20. Ridge Preservation with Modified “Socket-Shield” Technique: A Methodological Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Glocker

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available After tooth extraction, the alveolar bone undergoes a remodeling process, which leads to horizontal and vertical bone loss. These resorption processes complicate dental rehabilitation, particularly in connection with implants. Various methods of guided bone regeneration (GBR have been described to retain the original dimension of the bone after extraction. Most procedures use filler materials and membranes to support the buccal plate and soft tissue, to stabilize the coagulum and to prevent epithelial ingrowth. It has also been suggested that resorption of the buccal bundle bone can be avoided by leaving a buccal root segment (socket shield technique in place, because the biological integrity of the buccal periodontium (bundle bone remains untouched. This method has also been described in connection with immediate implant placement. The present case report describes three consecutive cases in which a modified method was applied as part of a delayed implantation. The latter was carried out after six months, and during re-entry the new bone formation in the alveolar bone and the residual ridge was clinically evaluated as proof of principle. It was demonstrated that the bone was clinically preserved with this method. Possibilities and limitations are discussed and directions for future research are disclosed.

  1. Expansion of the alveolar bone crest with ultrasonic surgery device: clinical study in mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarano, A; Murmura, G; Sinjiari, B; Assenza, B; Sollazzo, V; Spinelli, G; Carinci, F

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to document the application to the split-crest mandibular procedure in two stage in order to avoid cortical resorption due to periosteal detachment in buccal cortical bone of the alveolar crest. Twenty-two healthy patients with non-contributory past medical history (14 women and 8 men, all non-smokers, mean age 59 years, range 54-65 years) were included in this study. After buccal mucoperiosteal flap was followed by a sagittal corticotomy in the coronal area of the alveolar crest and a second sagittal corticotomy, but in a lower (basal) position and two vertical corticotomies in the buccal wall, using a ultrasonic surgery device (Surgysonic, Esacrom, Imola Italy). Adequate crest expansion was achieved without compromising cortical vascularisation by utilising a combination of scalpel, thin chisels and threaded osteotomes (Bone System, Milano, Italy). Postoperative results were assessed by panoramic and periapical radiographs. Ossification of the osteotomy lines was evident and could be observed as sites with increasing radiopacity on panoramic and periapical radiographs 3 months after implants insertion. No dehiscence of the mucosa was observed. No patient suffered from hypoaesthesia. The mean horizontal bone increase in coronal area was 53 mm. Mandibular ridge expansion using a split-crest technique that included grafting the implant sites with a ultrasonic surgery device is a viable therapeutic alternative for implant placement in this patient population. PMID:21781449

  2. Resorption of bone implants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weanling isogenously related rats were divided into one control group, one group given a fluoride supplement of 100 parts/106 of F- in the drinking water, and a third group given 0.5 mg per kg body weight of phosphorus as dichloromethylene diphosphanic acid (Cl2MDP). The rats were labeled with 1 μCi per g body weight of 3H proline and 40 μCi of 45Ca. Four weeks after labeling, the animals were sacrificed and one scapula was implanted subcutaneously in the back of an isogenously related rat of the same age. The other scapula was stored in a freezer pending analysis. After another 4 weeks the implants were recovered and the radioactivity of each isotope was compared with that of the initially stored scapulae. A 30-40 % loss of activity was found, reflecting a considerable loss of bone. However, this loss was significantly lower (P 2MDP was given to the donor animals, whereas fluoride treatment did not affect the resorption. (author)

  3. Alveolar process fractures in the permanent dentition. Part 2. The risk of healing complications in teeth involved in an alveolar process fracture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Eva; Gerds, Thomas; Andreasen, Jens Ove

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To analyze the risk of pulp canal obliteration (PCO), pulp necrosis (PN), repair-related resorption (RRR), infection-related resorption (IRR), ankylosis-related resorption (ARR), marginal bone loss (MBL), and tooth loss (TL) for teeth involved in an alveolar process fracture and to identify...... PN (age, fracture in relation to apex, displacement, gingival injury, degree of repositioning, type of splint, duration of splinting, treatment delay, and antibiotics) were analyzed for mature teeth using Cox regression. The level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: Immature: No severe complications (PN...

  4. Influence of anatomical barriers on maxillary incisor root resorption after orthodontic treatment with premolar extractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Geraldo de Oliveira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Apical root resorption is a frequent and occasionally critical problem in orthodontic patients undergoing induced tooth movement. One of the factors that might influence prognosis, especially in maxillary incisors, which most frequently present resorptions, are the so-called the anatomical barriers; that is, proximity of the buccal and palatal cortical bones to the maxillary incisor roots. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to investigate whether patients with excessive vertical growth really present a small distance between the alveolar cortical bones and the maxillary incisor roots, and whether there is a correlation between this distance and the root resorption index in comparison with patients presenting horizontal growth. METHODS: The sample comprised orthodontic records of 18 patients with extraction planning of first maxillary premolars and treatment by the standard and/or preadjusted edgewise brackets. Their initial and final periapical radiographs were evaluated to determine the amount of root resorption that occurred. RESULTS: On the palatal side, patients with excessive vertical growth (Group 2 - SN-GoGn > 43º showed a narrower alveolar bone than the horizontal growth patients (Group 1 - SN-GoGn < 29º. However, the distance between the buccal cortical bone and the central incisor root apex showed no significant difference between Groups 1 and 2; CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that there are no correlations between the proximity of buccal cortical bone, maxillary incisor roots and the root resorption index.

  5. Myricetin Prevents Alveolar Bone Loss in an Experimental Ovariectomized Mouse Model of Periodontitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jialiang; Wu, Chuanlong; Tian, Bo; Zhou, Xiao; Ma, Nian; Qian, Yufen

    2016-01-01

    Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disease, which leads to alveolar bone resorption. Healthy and functional alveolar bone, which can support the teeth and enable their movement, is very important for orthodontic treatment. Myricetin inhibited osteoclastogenesis by suppressing the expression of some genes, signaling pathways, and cytokines. This study aimed to investigate the effects of myricetin on alveolar bone loss in an ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model of periodontitis as well as in vitro osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Twenty-four healthy eight-week-old C57BL/J6 female mice were assigned randomly to four groups: phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) control (sham) OVX + ligature + PBS (vehicle), and OVX + ligature + low or high (2 or 5 mg∙kg(-1)∙day(-1), respectively) doses of myricetin. Myricetin or PBS was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) every other day for 30 days. The maxillae were collected and subjected to further examination, including micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining; a resorption pit assay was also performed in vitro to evaluate the effects of myricetin on receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis. Myricetin, at both high and low doses, prevented alveolar bone resorption and increased alveolar crest height in the mouse model and inhibited osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro. However, myricetin was more effective at high dose than at low dose. Our study demonstrated that myricetin had a positive effect on alveolar bone resorption in an OVX mouse model of periodontitis and, therefore, may be a potential agent for the treatment of periodontitis and osteoporosis. PMID:27011174

  6. Myricetin Prevents Alveolar Bone Loss in an Experimental Ovariectomized Mouse Model of Periodontitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jialiang; Wu, Chuanlong; Tian, Bo; Zhou, Xiao; Ma, Nian; Qian, Yufen

    2016-01-01

    Periodontitis is a common chronic inflammatory disease, which leads to alveolar bone resorption. Healthy and functional alveolar bone, which can support the teeth and enable their movement, is very important for orthodontic treatment. Myricetin inhibited osteoclastogenesis by suppressing the expression of some genes, signaling pathways, and cytokines. This study aimed to investigate the effects of myricetin on alveolar bone loss in an ovariectomized (OVX) mouse model of periodontitis as well as in vitro osteoclast formation and bone resorption. Twenty-four healthy eight-week-old C57BL/J6 female mice were assigned randomly to four groups: phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) control (sham) OVX + ligature + PBS (vehicle), and OVX + ligature + low or high (2 or 5 mg∙kg−1∙day−1, respectively) doses of myricetin. Myricetin or PBS was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) every other day for 30 days. The maxillae were collected and subjected to further examination, including micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining; a resorption pit assay was also performed in vitro to evaluate the effects of myricetin on receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis. Myricetin, at both high and low doses, prevented alveolar bone resorption and increased alveolar crest height in the mouse model and inhibited osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro. However, myricetin was more effective at high dose than at low dose. Our study demonstrated that myricetin had a positive effect on alveolar bone resorption in an OVX mouse model of periodontitis and, therefore, may be a potential agent for the treatment of periodontitis and osteoporosis. PMID:27011174

  7. Low-dose doxycycline prevents inflammatory bone resorption in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bezerra M.M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP are considered to be key initiators of collagen degradation, thus contributing to bone resorption in inflammatory diseases. We determined whether subantimicrobial doses of doxycycline (DX (<=10 mg kg-1 day-1, a known MMP inhibitor, could inhibit bone resorption in an experimental periodontitis model. Thirty male Wistar rats (180-200 g were subjected to placement of a nylon thread ligature around the maxillary molars and sacrificed after 7 days. Alveolar bone loss (ABL was measured macroscopically in one hemiarcade and the contralateral hemiarcade was processed for histopathologic analysis. Groups of six animals each were treated with DX (2.5, 5 or 10 mg kg-1 day-1, sc, 7 days and compared to nontreated (NT rats. NT rats displayed significant ABL, severe mononuclear cell influx and increase in osteoclast numbers, which were significantly reduced by 5 or 10 mg kg-1 day-1 DX. These data show that DX inhibits inflammatory bone resorption in a manner that is independent of its antimicrobial properties.

  8. Preeruptive intracoronal resorption observed in 13 patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Inger; Steiniche, Kirsten; Kortegaard, Ulla; Pallisgaard, Carsten; Bille, Marie-Louise Bastholm; Seirup, Torben; Skjødt, Ole; Larsen, Helle Juul

    2012-01-01

    The literature on preeruptive intracoronal resorption is sparse, comprising mainly reports of single patients. This study includes 13 patients with preeruptive intracoronal resorption, forwarded for consultation regarding diagnostics and etiology. The purposes were to determine which teeth are af...

  9. Candidates Cell Sources to Regenerate Alveolar Bone from Oral Tissue

    OpenAIRE

    Masahiro Nishimura; Kazuma Takase; Fumio Suehiro; Hiroshi Murata

    2012-01-01

    Most of the cases of dental implant surgery, especially the bone defect extensively, are essential for alveolar ridge augmentation. As known as cell therapy exerts valuable effects on bone regeneration, numerous reports using various cells from body to regenerate bone have been published, including clinical reports. Mesenchymal cells that have osteogenic activity and have potential to be harvested from intra oral site might be a candidate cells to regenerate alveolar bone, even dentists have ...

  10. The effect of central incisor's root proximity to the cortical plate and apical root resorption in extraction and non-extraction treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, Akhil; Sharma, Vijay P; Singh, Gulshan K; Tikku, Tripti; Agarwal, Nidhi; Mengi, Arvind

    2014-01-01

    Aims: The present study was conducted to investigate the relevance of cortical plate proximity of maxillary central incisor root, maxillary alveolar bone width, and the apical root resorption in extraction and non-extraction orthodontically treated cases. Further, the correlation between the apical root resorption and the various parameters was investigated. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 lateral head cephalographs, 40 pre-treatment and 40 post-treatment, of orthodontic subjects with a ...

  11. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    OpenAIRE

    Kashyap, Surender; Prasanta R. Mohapatra

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare, chronic lung disease with bilateral intra-alveolar calcium and phosphate deposition throughout the lung parenchyma with predominance to lower and midzone. Although, etiology and pathogenesis of PAM is not fully understood, the mutation in SLC34A2 gene that encodes a sodium-phosphate co-transporter in alveolar type II cells resulting in the accumulation and forming of microliths rich in calcium phosphate (due to impaired clearance) are conside...

  12. Contaminant resorption during soil washing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the applicability of soil washing to a specific site requires some basic research in how contaminants are bound. Much can be learned from sequential extraction methodology based on micronutrient bioavailability studies wherein the soil matrix is chemically dissected to selectively remove particular fixation mechanisms independently. This procedure uses a series of progressively more aggressive solvents to dissolve the principle phases that make up a soil, however, the published studies do not appear to consider the potential for a contaminant released from one type of site to resorb on another site during an extraction. This physical model assumes no ion exchange or adsorption at sites either previously occupied by other ions, or exposed by the dissolution. Therefore, to make engineering use of the sequential extraction data, the release of contamination must be evaluated relative to the effects of resorption. Time release studies were conducted to determine the optimum duration for extraction to maximize complete destruction of the target matrix fraction while minimizing contaminant resorption. Tests with and without a potassium brine present to inhibit cesium resorption indicated extraction efficiency could be enhanced by as much as a factor of ten using the brine

  13. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Crestani

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP is a rare pulmonary disease characterised by alveolar accumulation of surfactant. It may result from mutations in surfactant proteins or granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF receptor genes, it may be secondary to toxic inhalation or haematological disorders, or it may be auto-immune, with anti-GM-CSF antibodies blocking activation of alveolar macrophages. Auto-immune alveolar proteinosis is the most frequent form of PAP, representing 90% of cases. Although not specific, high-resolution computed tomography shows a characteristic crazy paving pattern. In most cases, bronchoalveolar lavage findings establish the diagnosis. Whole lung lavage is the most effective therapy, especially for auto-immune disease. Novel therapies targeting alveolar macrophages (recombinant GM-CSF therapy or anti-GM-CSF antibodies (rituximab and plasmapheresis are being investigated. Our knowledge of the pathophysiology of PAP has improved in the past 20 yrs, but therapy for PAP still needs improvement.

  14. Oral Rehabilitation of Adult Edentulous Siblings Severely Lacking Alveolar Bone Due to Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Report of 2 Clinical Cases and a Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yiqun; Zhang, Chenping; Squarize, Cristiane H; Zou, Duohong

    2015-09-01

    The oral conditions of adult edentulous patients with ectodermal dysplasia (ED) often lead to decreased physical and psychological health, and the negative effects can become as extreme as social and psychological isolation. However, restoring oral function of adult edentulous patients with ED using zygomatic implants (ZIs) or conventional implants (CIs) remains challenging for dentists because of the severe atrophy of these patients' alveolar ridges. This report describes 2 cases of adult edentulous siblings with ED; they exhibited severe alveolar bone atrophy and were treated with ZIs and CIs as bases to augment the bone in their anterior jaws. For these patients, bone augmentation was completed with an autogenous fibular graft. Although there was mild evidence of bone graft resorption in the maxilla, the bone augmentation procedures were successful in the 2 patients. Effective osseointegration of the implants was obtained. After placement, the functional and esthetic results of the oral rehabilitation were acceptable. More importantly, restoration of the patients' oral function enhanced their self-confidence and self-esteem. Therefore, restoring oral function in adult patients with ED and edentulous jaws using ZIs and CIs as the bases for bone augmentation is an effective approach. PMID:25957874

  15. Equine Odontoclastic Tooth Resorption and Hypercementosis: Histopathologic Features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smedley, R C; Earley, E T; Galloway, S S; Baratt, R M; Rawlinson, J E

    2015-09-01

    Equine odontoclastic tooth resorption and hypercementosis (EOTRH) is a painful progressive condition of older horses that involves multiple teeth, including canines and incisors. EOTRH is uncommonly recognized by veterinary pathologists and in some cases may be misdiagnosed as cementoblastoma. The cause is unknown. The goals of this study were to describe the histopathologic features of EOTRH in 17 affected horses from the United States and to increase awareness of this condition. Samples ranged from affected tooth to the entire rostral mandible and maxilla. Affected teeth exhibited cemental hyperplasia and lysis. The marked proliferation of cementum in severe cases caused bulbous enlargement of the intra-alveolar portions of affected teeth. Several teeth contained necrotic debris, bacteria, and plant material in the regions of cemental lysis. All horses exhibited dentinal lysis in at least affected tooth, and several contained necrotic debris in these regions. Endodontic disease was often present with inflammation, lysis, necrotic debris, fibrosis, and/or a thin rim of atubular mineralized tissue in the pulp cavity. Periodontal disease was a common feature that was primarily characterized by moderate lymphoplasmacytic inflammation. Resorption with secondary hypercementosis appears to begin on the external surface of the teeth rather than within the pulp cavity. Distinguishing EOTRH from other diseases requires a complete history that includes the number and location of affected teeth, a gross description of regional hard/soft tissue health, and radiographic findings. PMID:26077784

  16. Working pairs for resorption refrigerator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The performances of three chemisorption working pairs operating under the resorption cycle were studied gravimetrically by comparing the desorbed and adsorbed mass of refrigerant in different operation conditions. All pairs used NH3 as refrigerant and MnCl2 in the main reactor, but each one used a different salt for the cooling effect production in the secondary reactor. These salts were NH4Cl or NaBr or BaCl2. The experimental results indicated that the degree of conversion in reaction between the NH3 and BaCl2 was inferior to 25% during cooling production at 0 oC or below, whereas the reactions with the other salts had conversions of at least 80%. When the systems operated with heat source temperature for the main reactor at 155 oC, heat sink temperature for both reactors at 30 oC, and cooling effect production temperature at 0 oC the coefficient of performance (COP) of the system using NH4Cl and the system using NaBr were similar and around 0.30; however, the former system had a specific cooling power (SCP) 5% higher than that of the latter system. Because the reaction in the system with NH4Cl was practically halted in a period much shorter than that used in the experiments, it is possible to expect that if the period of the cooling period was shortened, the difference between the SCP of those systems would be much higher. - Highlights: ? The comparison of three different working pairs operating under resorption cycle was conducted. ? The three working pairs were NH4Cl/MnCl2, NaBr/MnCl2, BaCl2/MnCl2, respectively. ? The mass of refrigerant reacted in different situations were measured and compared. ? Among the LTS studied, NH4Cl is the most suitable to be used in a resorption machine at 0 or below 0 oC.

  17. Microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Javier Vallejo García

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar (MAP es una enfermedad rara caracterizada por la presencia difusa y bilateral de microlitos de fosfato de calcio en el interior de los espacios alveolares. La progresión de esta enfermedad potencialmente letal, es lenta y la mayoría de los pacientes permanecen asintomáticos por años o décadas, resultando en deterioro lento de sus funciones pulmonares. El hallazgo de la radiografía de tórax en "tormenta de arena" es característico de la entidad. Recientemente se identificaron mutaciones en el gen SLC34A2, que codifica para el cotransportador tipo IIb de fosfato sódico, como responsable de la enfermedad. De los casi 600 casos, sólo seis han sido reportados en Colombia. Nosotros presentamos un caso de microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar en un hombre de 27 años, con dificultad respiratoria progresiva, cuyo diagnóstico se hizo por los hallazgos radiográficos y se confirmó por biopsia transbronquial. En el seguimiento durante dos años, evolucionó hacia el deterioro de su función respiratoria y es candidato a trasplante de pulmón.Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease characterized by the diffuse and bilateral presence of calcium phosphate microlite in the alveolar spaces. The progression of this potentially lethal disease is show and most of the patients remain asymptomatic during years or decades, resulting in a show deterioration of the pulmonary function. The typical finding of the "sand storm" in the chest X-ray is characteristic of this entity. Mutations in the SLC34A2 gene that does the coding for the type II co-transporter of sodium phosphate were identified as responsible for this disease. Of the almost 600 cases, only 6 have been reported in Colombia. We are presenting a case of pulmonary alveolar microlite in a 27 year old man, with progressive respiratory distress whose diagnosis was made by the X-ray findings and confirmed by trans bronchial biopsy. In the 2 years follow-up, shows evolution towards deterioration of his respiratory function making him a candidate for lung transplantation.

  18. Alveolar Epithelial ?2-Adrenergic Receptors

    OpenAIRE

    Mutlu, Gkhan M; Factor, Phillip

    2007-01-01

    ?2-adrenergic receptors are present throughout the lung, including the alveolar airspace, where they play an important role for regulation of the active Na+ transport needed for clearance of excess fluid out of alveolar airspace. ?2-adrenergic receptor signaling is required for up-regulation of alveolar epithelial active ion transport in the setting of excess alveolar edema. The positive, protective effects of ?2-adrenergic receptor signaling on alveolar active Na+ transport in normal and inj...

  19. Molecular mediators of alveolarization

    OpenAIRE

    Wolff, Jens-Christian

    2010-01-01

    Egr1 is a growth factor with multiple different interaction partners and numerous effects covering most of the known cellular processes. Having found a postnatal downregulation of this anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic molecule fits the needs of high division ratios within alveolarization, but may also depict a diminished necessity of differentiation. Stainings revealed single alveolar septal cells of both models to (over-) express Egr1, potentially emphasizing a local pro-prol...

  20. The remodeling pattern of human mandibular alveolar bone during prenatal formation from 19 to 270mm CRL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radlanski, Ralf J; Renz, Herbert; Tsengelsaikhan, Nyamdorj; Schuster, Felix; Zimmermann, Camilla A

    2016-05-01

    The underlying mechanisms of human bone morphogenesis leading to a topologically specific shape remain unknown, despite increasing knowledge of the basic molecular aspects of bone formation and its regulation. The formation of the alveolar bone, which houses the dental primordia, and later the dental roots, may serve as a model to approach general questions of bone formation. Twenty-five heads of human embryos and fetuses (Radlanski-Collection, Berlin) ranging from 19mm to 270mm (crown-rump-length) CRL were prepared as histological serial sections. For each stage, virtual 3D-reconstructions were made in order to study the morphogenesis of the mandibular molar primordia with their surrounding bone. Special focus was given to recording the bone-remodeling pattern, as diagnosed from the histological sections. In early stages (19-31mm CRL) developing bone was characterized by appositional only. At 41, in the canine region, mm CRL bony extensions were found forming on the bottom of the trough. Besides general apposition, regions with resting surfaces were also found. At a fetal size of 53mm CRL, septa have developed and led to a compartment for canine development. Furthermore, one shared compartment for the incisor primordia and another shared compartment for the molars also developed. Moreover, the inner surfaces of the dental crypts showed resorption of bone. From this stage on, a general pattern became established such that the compartmentalizing ridges and septa between all of the dental primordia and the brims of the crypts were noted, and were due to appositional growth of bone, while the crypts enlarged on their inner surfaces by resorption. By 160mm CRL, the dental primordia were larger, and all of the bony septa had become reduced in size. The primordia for the permanent teeth became visible at 225mm CRL and shared the crypts of their corresponding deciduous primordia. PMID:26921449

  1. Severely Resorbed Edentulous Ridges: A Preventive Prosthodontic Approach - A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnam, Shalini; Basimi, Swapna; Surapaneni, Haragopal; Basapogu, Sreeramulu; Gantala, Ramlal

    2015-10-01

    As a dentist our main aim should be prevention which not only includes prevention of caries and or periodontal disease but also prevention of residual alveolar bone loss after teeth are extracted. Today with greater stress on preventive measures, the dental profession has expanded this preventive concept into Prosthodontics. Preventive Prosthodontics emphasizes the importance of any procedure that can delay or eliminate the future Prosthodontic problem and stop further progression of oral disease and prevent the loss of remaining tissues. The Residual Ridge Resorption (RRR) is an inevitable consequence of tooth loss and denture wearing. Severe RRR gradually results in increased interarch distance, significant horizontal discrepancy between edentulous ridges, occurrence of flabby displaceable tissues in the denture bearing area and other sequelae. Prosthetic rehabilitation in these patients can be challenging. The conventional complete denture fabrication in such cases may further compound the poor denture bearing ability of the tissues and lead to decreased retention, stability and support which may result in psychological problems and social isolation. This case report emphasizes the importance of preventive concepts in every step of complete denture fabrication to offer a long serviceable prosthesis without any significant complications and compromise. PMID:26557629

  2. [Distraction osteogenesis of deficient alveolar bone prior to dental rehabilitation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilo, D; Emodi, O; Aizenbud, D; Rachmiel, A

    2015-07-01

    Implant supported rehabilitation has become very common in treatment plans nowadays, yet many patients lack the vertical and horizontal bone dimensions required for endosseous implant insertion. Distraction osteogenesis is a technique in which bone is generated by progressive elongation of two bone fragments following an osteotomy or corticotomy. Distraction osteogenesis of the alveolar ridge as a treatment modality in implant dentistry is a very useful technique that allows for adequate bone formation suitable for implant insertion. Alveolar distraction can be unidirectional, bidirectional, multidirectional or horizontal. Alveolar distraction osteogenesis can be performed by using intraosseous distraction devices, intraosseous distraction implants or by extraosseous devices which are the most prevalent today. Distraction osteogenesis has many advantages such as gradual lengthening of the bone with no need for an autogenous bone graft and lack of the associated donor site morbidity as well as distraction of the surrounding soft tissue together with the transported bone. One of the major challenges when using alveolar distraction osteogenesis is controlling the vector of distraction, this problem should be further addressed in future researches. We describe different methods for alveolar distraction osteogenesis, including the surgical procedure, latency period, lengthening and consolidation period. We also discuss the advantages, disadvantages and complications of the method. In this manuscript a case of mandibular alveolar deficiency following mandibular fracture and loss of teeth and the alveolar bone is presented. This patient was treated by alveolar distraction osteogenesis with excellent results. This patient was later rehabilitated . using endosseous implants as demonstrated by radiographs. Alveolar distraction osteogenesis provides a method to regain both hard tissue and soft tissue without additional grafting and is an efficient modality in cases of medium to severe bone loss. PMID:26548149

  3. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surender Kashyap

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare, chronic lung disease with bilateral intra-alveolar calcium and phosphate deposition throughout the lung parenchyma with predominance to lower and midzone. Although, etiology and pathogenesis of PAM is not fully understood, the mutation in SLC34A2 gene that encodes a sodium-phosphate co-transporter in alveolar type II cells resulting in the accumulation and forming of microliths rich in calcium phosphate (due to impaired clearance are considered to be the cause of the disease. Chest radiograph and high-resolution CT of thorax are nearly pathognomonic for diagnosing PAM. HRCT demonstrates diffuse micronodules showing slight perilobular predominance resulting in calcification of interlobular septa. Patients with PAM are asymptomatic till development of hypoxemia and cor-pulmonale. No therapy has been proven to be beneficial except lung transplantation.

  4. 3D-CT evaluation of secondary alveolar bone grafts in alveolar clefts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1994 to 2000, we treated 116 patients with cleft alveolus by secondary alveolar bone grafts, and 48 of them were evaluated morphologically with 3D-CT. The frequency of successful bony bridging was significantly higher in the group whose grafts were completely enveloped (including the anterior alveolar ridge) with a mucoperiosteal flap. The frequency was also significantly higher in the group who underwent bone grafts at the age of 13 or less, and canine eruptions did not influence the ratio. Some cases showed such an improved growth pattern of grafted bone that the shape of the affected maxilla resembled that of the normal side, after long-term follow-up observations. The growth increment was remarkable in anterior maxillary height. Orthodontic management guides the canine or incisor into the reconstructed area of the previous cleft. We surmise that the new occlusal position puts pressure on the grafted bone and promotes further osteogenesis. These findings show that it is important to produce sufficient bony bridge to guide the canine or incisor, not the volume of grafted bone, in secondary alveolar bone grafts. Long-term follow-up observation, after more than 2-3 years, is also necessary to evaluate secondary alveolar bone grafts. (author)

  5. 3D-CT evaluation of secondary alveolar bone grafts in alveolar clefts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naitoh, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Yoshihiko [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Graduate School of Medicine; Yamawaki, Yoshiroh [Kyoto Katsura Hospital (Japan); Morimoto, Naoki [Kobe City General Hospital (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    From 1994 to 2000, we treated 116 patients with cleft alveolus by secondary alveolar bone grafts, and 48 of them were evaluated morphologically with 3D-CT. The frequency of successful bony bridging was significantly higher in the group whose grafts were completely enveloped (including the anterior alveolar ridge) with a mucoperiosteal flap. The frequency was also significantly higher in the group who underwent bone grafts at the age of 13 or less, and canine eruptions did not influence the ratio. Some cases showed such an improved growth pattern of grafted bone that the shape of the affected maxilla resembled that of the normal side, after long-term follow-up observations. The growth increment was remarkable in anterior maxillary height. Orthodontic management guides the canine or incisor into the reconstructed area of the previous cleft. We surmise that the new occlusal position puts pressure on the grafted bone and promotes further osteogenesis. These findings show that it is important to produce sufficient bony bridge to guide the canine or incisor, not the volume of grafted bone, in secondary alveolar bone grafts. Long-term follow-up observation, after more than 2-3 years, is also necessary to evaluate secondary alveolar bone grafts. (author)

  6. RABDOMIOSARCOMA ALVEOLAR DE UTERO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Hurel M

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Los rabdomiosarcomas constituyen un tipo raro de sarcoma que se origina en las clulas mesenquimticas que van a derivar en msculo estriado. De ocurrencia mayoritaria en la infancia (50-55% de los sarcomas de los nios, de ellos el 70% ocurre en la primera dcada. Se clasifican en forma histolgica en embriones, botriodes, alveolar y pleomrficas. Estos tumores se diagnostican en raras ocasiones. Se etapifican segn la IRSG de Estados Unidos. Debido a los pobres resultados se evala la sobrevida a los 2 aos (90% de mortalidad a los dos aos. A continuacin presentamos el poco afortunado caso de una paciente manejada en nuestro servicio, en cuyo estudio patolgico se demostr un rabdomiosarcoma alveolar de teroRabdomyosarcoma constitutes a rare type of sarcoma that it is originated in the mesenchymal cells that are going to derive in striated muscle. Are more common in childhood (50-55% of sarcomas of the children, of them 70% happens in a the first decade. They are classified histologicaly in embryonic, botryoid, alveolar and pleomorphic. These tumors are diagnosed very seldom. We present the unfortunate case of a patient handled in our service, in whose pathological study a uterine alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma was demonstrated

  7. Immunology of root resorption: A literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Luciano

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Root resorption seems to be related to a complex combination of mechanical factors and biological activity, which comprehends the role of immunologic structures including specialized cells. The aim of this research was to explain the development of the process - from mineralization to the destruction of hard tissues - and the possible relationship between root resorption and immunology, along with discussing current concepts described in the literature.

  8. Apical root resorption in orthodontically treated adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumrind, S; Korn, E L; Boyd, R L

    1996-09-01

    This study analyzed the relationship in orthodontically treated adults between upper central incisor displacement measured on lateral cephalograms and apical root resorption measured on anterior periapical x-ray films. A multiple linear regression examined incisor displacements in four directions (retraction, advancement, intrusion, and extrusion) as independent variables, attempting to account for observed differences in the dependent variable, resorption. Mean apical resorption was 1.36 mm (sd +/- 1.46, n = 73). Mean horizontal displacement of the apex was -0.83 mm (sd +/- 1.74, n = 67); mean vertical displacement was 0.19 mm (sd +/- 1.48, n = 67). The regression coefficients for the intercept and for retraction were highly significant; those for extrusion, intrusion, and advancement were not. At the 95% confidence level, an average of 0.99 mm (se = +/- 0.34) of resorption was implied in the absence of root displacement and an average of 0.49 mm (se = +/- 0.14) of resorption was implied per millimeter of retraction. R2 for all four directional displacement variables (DDVs) taken together was only 0.20, which implied that only a relatively small portion of the observed apical resorption could be accounted for by tooth displacement alone. In a secondary set of univariate analyses, the associations between apical resorption and each of 14 additional treatment-related variables were examined. Only Gender, Elapsed Time, and Total Apical Displacement displayed statistically significant associations with apical resorption. Additional multiple regressions were then performed in which the data for each of these three statistically significant variables were considered separately, with the data for the four directional displacement variables. The addition of information on Elapsed Time or Total Apical Displacement did not explain a significant additional portion of the variability in apical resorption. On the other hand, the addition of information on Gender to the information on the four directional displacement variables yielded an R2 value of 0.35, which indicated that these variables taken together could account for approximately a third of the observed variability in apical resorption in this sample. PMID:8814033

  9. Measuring mandibular ridge reduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis investigates the mandibular reduction in height of complete denture wearers and overdenture wearers. To follow this reduction in the anterior region as well as in the lateral sections of the mandible, an accurate and reproducible measuring method is a prerequisite. A radiologic technique offers the best chance. A survey is given of the literature concerning the resorption process after the extraction of teeth. An oblique cephalometric radiographic technique is introduced as a promising method to measure mandibular ridge reduction. The reproducibility and the accuracy of the technique are determined. The reproducibility in the positioning of the mandible is improved by the introduction of a mandibular support which permits a precise repositioning of the edentulous jaw, even after long periods of investigation. (Auth.)

  10. Proteinosis alveolar pulmonar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Sánchez Infante

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La proteinosis alveolar pulmonar es una enfermedad respiratoria crónica, caracterizada por alteración en el metabolismo del surfactante, lo que determina su acumulación anormal en el espacio alveolar. Es una enfermedad extremadamente rara. Se han reportado solamente 500 casos en la literatura. Se describió por primera vez en 1958. Se presenta un caso de proteinosis alveolar pulmonar en un lactante de 2 meses, con desnutrición proteico energética, que ingresa por dificultad respiratoria e hipoxemia, y, con imágenes radiológicas de tipo retículo-nodulillar, en vidrio deslustrado, en el cual se plantea inicialmente el diagnóstico de bronconeumonía. Ante la evolución desfavorable y no respuesta al tratamiento, se realizó un estudio para descartar enfermedades pulmonares crónicas. El paciente fallece y se confirma el diagnóstico por anatomía patológica. Se realiza una revisión del tema.

  11. Using Micro-Computed Tomography to Evaluate the Dynamics of Orthodontically Induced Root Resorption Repair in a Rat Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fengxue; Wei, Shicheng; Dai, Hongwei

    2016-01-01

    Objective To observe dynamic changes in root resorption repair, tooth movement relapse and alveolar bone microstructure following the application of orthodontic force. Materials and Methods Forces of 20 g, 50 g or 100 g were delivered to the left maxillary first molars of fifteen 10-week-old rats for 14 days. Each rat was subjected to micro-computed tomography scanning at 0, 3, 7, 10, 14, 28 and 42 days after force removal. The root resorption crater volume, tooth movement relapse and alveolar bone microarchitecture were measured at each time point. Results From day 3 to day 14, the root resorption volume decreased significantly in each group. In the 20-g force group, the root resorption volume gradually stabilized after 14 days, whereas in the 50-g and 100-g force groups, it stabilized after 28 days. In all groups, tooth movement relapsed significantly from day 0 to day 14 and then remained stable. From day 3 to day 10, the 20-g group exhibited faster relapse than the 50-g and 100-g groups. In all groups, the structure model index and trabecular separation decreased slowly from day 0 to day 10 and eventually stabilized. Trabecular number increased slowly from day 0 to day 7 and then stabilized. Conclusions The initial stage of root resorption repair did not change significantly and was followed by a dramatic repair period before stabilizing. The most serious tooth movement relapse occurred immediately after the appliance was removed, and then the tooth completely returned to the original position. PMID:26930605

  12. Rapid orthodontics with alveolar reshaping: two case reports of decrowding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcko, W M; Wilcko, T; Bouquot, J E; Ferguson, D J

    2001-02-01

    Two case reports demonstrate a new orthodontic method that offers short treatment times and the ability to simultaneously reshape and increase the buccolingual thickness of the supporting alveolar bone. A 24-year-old man with a Class I severely crowded malocclusion and an overly constricted maxilla with concomitant posterior crossbites and a 17-year-old female with a Class I moderately to severely crowded malocclusion requested shortened orthodontic treatment times. This new surgery technique included buccal and lingual full-thickness flaps, selective partial decortication of the cortical plates, concomitant bone grafting/augmentation, and primary flap closure. Following the surgery, orthodontic adjustments were made approximately every 2 weeks. From bracketing to debracketing, both cases were completed in approximately 6 months and 2 weeks. Posttreatment evaluation of both patients revealed good results. At approximately 15 months following surgery in one patient, a full-thickness flap was again reflected. Visual examination revealed good maintenance of the height of the alveolar crest and an increased thickness in the buccal bone. The canine and premolars in this area were expanded buccally by more than 3 mm, and yet there had actually been an increase in the buccolingual thickness of the overlying buccal bone. Additionally, a preexisting bony fenestration buccal of the root of the first premolar was covered. Both of these findings lend credence to the incorporation of the bone augmentation procedure into the corticotomy surgery because this made it possible to complete the orthodontic treatment with a more intact periodontium. The rapid expansive tooth movements with no significant apical root resorption may be attributed to the osteoclastic or catabolic phase of the regional acceleratory phenomenon. Instead of bony "block" movement or resorption/apposition, the degree of demineralization/remineralization might be a more accurate explanation of what occurs in the alveolar bone during physiologic tooth movement in these patients. PMID:11829041

  13. Thyroxine Induced Resorption of Xenopus Laevis Tail Tissue in Vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scadding, Steven R.

    1984-01-01

    A simple method of studying thyroxine-induced resorption of tadpole tails in vitro is described. This procedure demonstrates that resorption is dependent on thyroxine and requires protein synthesis. It introduces students to the use of tissue culture methods. (Author)

  14. A novel approach to inhibit bone resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Panwar, Preety; Søe, Kent; Guido, Rafael VC; Bueno, Renata V C; Delaisse, Jean-Marie; Brömme, Dieter

    2016-01-01

    -dihydrotanshinone (DHT1), and the active site inhibitor, odanacatib (ODN), on bone resorption and TGF-ß1 degradation. Cell cultures, Western blot, light and scanning electron microscopy as well as energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, molecular modelling and enzymatic assays were used to evaluate the inhibitors. KEY...

  15. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadice Selimo?lu ?en

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease characterized by the accumulation of lipoproteinosis material within the alveoli. A 36 age male patient applied to our hospital with dyspnea that began 5 months ago. Bilateral diffuse infiltration on postero-anterior chest graphy was seen. Arterial blood gas measurements (ABG was: pH:7.44, pCO2: 36 mmHg, pO2: 49 mmHg, SaO2: 85%, HCO3: 24 mmol/L. High resolution computed tomography (HRCT reported as bilateral diffuse ground glass areas and interlobuler septal thickening on this areas. Asido resistant bacillus was negative in sputum at three times and was also negative in post bronchoscopic sputum and bronchoalveoler lavage material. Wedge resection was made by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Histopathology report of biopsy material revealed Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP. Massive lung lavage under general anesthesia was planned for patient. Clinical improvement was seen in patient beginning from admission and ABG measurements entered the recovery trend in follow-up. Partial pressure of oxygen was increased to 65 mmHg and patient was followed without lung lavage. Control chest radiography and HRCT showed significant radiological improvement. After three months, radiological lesions had completely regressed at control HRCT. As a result, in patients with symptoms and radiologically bilateral diffuse infiltration physicians should consider PAP as a rare disease in the differential diagnosis.

  16. Localized ridge defect augmentation using human pericardium membrane and demineralized bone matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar Vidyadharan

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion and Clinical Implications: The results suggested that HP Allograft membrane may be a suitable component for augmentation of localized alveolar ridge defects in conjunction with DBM with bone chips.

  17. Pyogenic granuloma of unusual size with alveolar resorption in a 75-year-old patient

    OpenAIRE

    Shaikh, Shoyeb; Singh, Gaurav; Singh, Anil; Gaur, Amit

    2012-01-01

    Pyogenic granuloma is an overzealously proliferative non-neoplastic lesion of connective tissue origin, found commonly in oral cavity and is secondary to chronic low grade local irritation, poor oral hygiene, and hormonal disturbances. The term is misnomer because a lesion is unrelated to infection. It is characterized by excessive and exuberant tissue repair response with varied inflammatory component. Since it is a benign lesion, choice of treatment is surgical excision with removal of unde...

  18. Alveolar bone grafting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilja Jan

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In patients with cleft lip and palate, bone grafting in the mixed dentition in the residual alveolar cleft has become a well-established procedure. The main advantages can be summarised as follows: stabilisation of the maxillary arch; facilitation of eruption of the canine and sometimes facilitation of the lateral incisor eruption; providing bony support to the teeth adjacent to the cleft; raising the alar base of the nose; facilitation of closure of an oro-nasal fistula; making it possible to insert a titanium fixture in the grafted site and to obtain favourable periodontal conditions of the teeth within and adjacent to the cleft. The timing of the ABG surgery take into consideration not only eruption of the canine but also that of the lateral incisor, if present. The best time for bone grafting surgery is when a thin shell of bone still covers the soon erupting lateral incisor or canine tooth close to the cleft.

  19. [Calcitonin as an alternative treatment for root resorption].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, A; Berg, J O; Lindskog, S

    1989-01-01

    Inflammatory root resorption is a common finding following trauma and will cause eventual destruction of the tooth root if left untreated. This study examined the effects of intrapulpal application of calcitonin, a hormone known to inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption, on experimental inflammatory root resorption induced in monkeys. Results were histologically evaluated using a morphometric technique and revealed that calcitonin was an effective medicament for the treatment of inflammatory root resorption. It was concluded that this hormone could be a useful therapeutic adjunct in difficult cases of external root resorption. PMID:2576918

  20. Etiology and sequelae of root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlaskalic, V; Boyd, R L; Baumrind, S

    1998-06-01

    This article reviews the current status of investigation into apical root resorption within the context of orthodontic treatment. Treatment and patient factors that have traditionally been investigated are discussed, along with the results of current research in this area. The need for rethinking traditional research strategies in the quest for identifying both control and causative mechanisms is explored. Finally, proposals for key areas of future interest are highlighted. PMID:9680910

  1. External cervical resorption: clinical case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Hansel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available External cervical resorption (ECR is an invasive type of resorption that begins below the gingival epithelium and affects mineralized tissues, e.g., cementum and dentin. Most authors refer to dental trauma, whitening agents, and orthodontic treatment as etiologic factors of ECR; clinical diagnosis is performed via inspection of the gingival groove and margin. In this scenario, cone beam computed tomography has become a highly valuable ancillary method, as it allows to assess the proximity between the resorption and the pulp cavity, and thus, plan treatment. This article describes, in the form of a clinical case report, the diagnosis and treatment of a case of ECR affecting tooth no. 11, classified as Class III according to Heitersay’s classification. Surgical approach, restoration and clinical follow-up over 2-years of follow-up are described. In view of the clinical and radiographic findings observed during follow-up, it can be concluded that treatment was successful in healing periodontal tissues, suggesting a good prognosis.

  2. Alveolar proteinosis in Behet's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetikkurt Cuneyt

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 51-year-old man with Behet's disease complained of fever, dry cough and dyspnea during exertion. Chest CT showed ground glass opacities with interstitial septal thickening in both lungs. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL revealed amorphous and lipoproteinaceous material that was periodic acid-Schiff (PAS stain positive. Transbronchial biopsy specimen demonstrated PAS positive alveolar eosinophilic material consistent with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Serum anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF antibody was negative. Recent studies have reported anti-GMCSF not present in the the serum of patients with secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP but they have not reported so in patients with idiopathic PAP. We report a case of alveolar proteinosis in the setting of Behet's disease with spontaneous remission.

  3. "Tent-Pole" for Reconstruction of Large Alveolar Defects: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Ting; Zhao, Yuyue; Luo, En; Hu, Jian

    2016-01-01

    Severe tridimensional alveolar ridge defects complicate the placement of dental implants, and surgical removal of some oral tumors might not leave adequate bone for dental implant placement. Regenerating an adequate amount of bone vertically and horizontally to achieve a satisfying outcome for well-osseointegrated implants and thus ensure long-term success of implant restoration is challenging. This report describes the clinical feasibility of a simple approach using a screw tent-pole combined with guided bone regeneration to augment complicated tridimensional alveolar ridge defects in a case of extensive bone loss due to maxillary tumor surgery. Titanium screws were arranged in "tented" fashion to provide stable room for bone regeneration. Regenerated bone was achieved and 2 moreimplants were placed in the regenerated ridge 10months later, leading to a successful maxillary prosthesis. PMID:26375368

  4. Root resorption following treatment with aligners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brezniak, Naphtali; Wasserstein, Atalia

    2008-11-01

    Can orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) be the result of Invisalign treatment? Since OIIRR was first described in the literature, orthodontists have been looking for a treatment procedure where no root shortening will occur. In the past decade, Invisalign orthodontic treatment has become very popular, and there is no description of OIIRR after this treatment. Therefore, it might be incorrectly concluded that the body is immune to this type of orthodontic treatment modality and no OIIRR appears as a result of this treatment. The following case report demonstrates an aspect of the complexity of OIIRR. PMID:18947291

  5. Androgens regulate bone resorption activity of isolated osteoclasts in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Pederson, Larry; Kremer, Matthew; Judd, Jeffrey; Pascoe, David; Spelsberg, Thomas C.; Riggs, B. Lawrence; Oursler, Merry Jo

    1999-01-01

    For many years it has been recognized that sex steroids have profound effects on bone metabolism. The current perception is that estrogen decreases bone resorption and androgen increases bone deposition. To investigate the potential for androgens to directly modulate bone resorption, we have examined avian osteoclast and human and mouse osteoclast-like cells for androgen responsiveness. There was a dose-dependent decrease in resorption activity in response to α-dihydrotestosterone (α-DHT), β-...

  6. Bilateral Alveolar Distraction for Large Alveolar Defects: Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aravindaksha, Shyam Prasad; Batra, Puneet; Sadhu, Partha

    2015-09-01

    Distraction osteogenesis has become a very popular technique, as the ability to reconstruct combined deficiencies in bone and soft tissue makes this process unique and invaluable to all types of reconstructive surgeons. We document a case in which an intraoral tooth-borne distractor was designed and segmental alveolar distraction was performed in a large alveolar defect in a patient with bilateral cleft lip and palate. Cosmetic dentistry was performed to attain a pleasing result. This article aims at highlighting the use of distraction in large defects in which bone grafting only is not a suitable procedure. PMID:26317633

  7. Hypergravity suppresses bone resorption in ovariectomized rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikawa, Tesshu; Kawaguchi, Amu; Okabe, Takahiro; Ninomiya, Tadashi; Nakamichi, Yuko; Nakamura, Midori; Uehara, Shunsuke; Nakamura, Hiroaki; Udagawa, Nobuyuki; Takahashi, Naoyuki; Nakamura, Hiroaki; Wakitani, Shigeyuki

    2011-04-01

    The effects of gravity on bone metabolism are unclear, and little has been reported about the effects of hypergravity on the mature skeleton. Since low gravity has been shown to decrease bone volume, we hypothesized that hypergravity increases bone volume. To clarify this hypothesis, adult female rats were ovariectomized and exposed to hypergravity (2.9G) using a centrifugation system. The rats were killed 28 days after the start of loading, and the distal femoral metaphysis of the rats was studied. Bone architecture was assessed by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and bone mineral density was measured using peripheral quantitative CT (pQCT). Hypergravity increased the trabecular bone volume of ovariectomized rats. Histomorphometric analyses revealed that hypergravity suppressed both bone formation and resorption and increased bone volume in ovariectomized rats. Further, the cell morphology, activity, proliferation, and differentiation of osteoclasts and osteoblasts exposed to hypergravity were evaluated in vitro. Hypergravity inhibited actin ring formation in mature osteoclasts, which suggested that the osteoclast activity was suppressed. However, hypergravity had no effect on osteoblasts. These results suggest that hypergravity can stimulate an increase in bone volume by suppressing bone resorption in ovariectomized rats.

  8. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a cat

    OpenAIRE

    Szatmári, Viktor; TESKE, ERIK; Nikkels, Peter G.J.; Griese, Matthias; de Jong, Pim A; Grinwis, Guy; Theegarten, Dirk; Veraa, Stefanie; van Steenbeek, Frank G; Drent, Marjolein; Bonella, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is an extremely rare lung disease in animals and humans. It is characterized by the deposition of a large amount of phospholipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli. There are several possible etiologies, both congenital and acquired. Alveolar macrophages play an important role in the clearance of surfactant. This is the first report of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in the feline species. CASE PRESENTATION: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was diagnos...

  9. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a cat

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is an extremely rare lung disease in animals and humans. It is characterized by the deposition of a large amount of phospholipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli. There are several possible etiologies, both congenital and acquired. Alveolar macrophages play an important role in the clearance of surfactant. This is the first report of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in the feline species. Case presentation Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was diagnosed...

  10. New ridge parameters for ridge regression

    OpenAIRE

    A.V. Dorugade

    2014-01-01

    Hoerl and Kennard (1970a) introduced the ridge regression estimator as an alternative to the ordinary least squares (OLS) estimator in the presence of multicollinearity. In ridge regression, ridge parameter plays an important role in parameter estimation. In this article, a new method for estimating ridge parameters in both situations of ordinary ridge regression (ORR) and generalized ridge regression (GRR) is proposed. The simulation study evaluates the performance of the proposed estimator ...

  11. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with calcified pleural plaques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malhotra Balbir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease. Herein we report a case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis who was suspected to have the disease on chest X-ray and was confirmed on high resolution CT and transbronchial lung biopsy. These investigations showed characteristic features of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis.

  12. Post-extraction application of beta-tricalcium phosphate in alveolar socket

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muñoz-Corcuera

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim The objective of this study was to assess the capacity of beta-tricalcium phosphate to facilitate bone formation in the socket and prevent post-extraction alveolar resorption. Materials and methods After premolar extraction in 16 patients, the sockets were filled with beta-tricalcium phosphate. Six months later, during the implant placement surgery, a trephine was used to harvest the bone samples which were processed for histological and histomorphometrical analyses. Data were gathered on patient, clinical, histological and histomorphometric variables at the extraction and implant placement sessions, using data collection forms and pathological reports. Results Clinical outcomes were satisfactory, the biomaterial was radio-opaque on X-ray. Histological study showed: partial filling with alveolar bone of appropriate maturation and mineralization for the healing time, osteoblastic activity and bone lacunae containing osteocytes. The biomaterial was not completely resorbed at six months. Conclusion Beta-tricalcium phosphate is a material capable of achieving preservation of the alveolar bone when it is positioned in the immediate post-extraction socket followed by suture; it also helps the formation of new bone in the socket. Further studies are needed comparing this technique with other available biomaterials, with growth factors and with sites where no alveolar preservation techniques are performed.

  13. Endodontic therapy of pathological resorptions of tooth root

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opa?i?-Gali? Vanja

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Pathological resorptions of a tooth root very often represent both a diagnostic and therapeutical problem. The goal of this study was, based on clinical research on a number of pathological resorptions of various types and localization in relation to time, to analyze and evaluate applied endodontic therapy. Clinical research covered 30 patients (40 root canals in total. 18 teeth (22 canal with external and 12 (18 canal with internal root resorptions received endodontic therapy. After standard endodontic procedure had been applied (cleaning and canal shaping calcium hydroxide paste was used as a canal medicament for cases with internal resorptions and calcium hydroxide paste and points for cases with external resorptions. Canal opturations were done by modified technique of lateral condesation applying AH- Plus paste. The obtained results showed that in cases of internal resorption after 12 months, 11 cases were successful and only 1 failure occurred. In case of external resorption, after the same period of time, 15 cases were successful and failures occurred in 3 cases. The success of resorption treatment depends on many factors but, primarily, it depends on time and accuracy of diagnosis and properly applied treatment and root canal opturation.

  14. Spontaneous resorption of a diabetic cataract in a geriatric dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Alonso-Alegre, E; Rodriguez-Alvaro, A

    2005-08-01

    Spontaneous cataract resorption is described in a geriatric cocker spaniel with a four-month history of diabetes mellitus. Resorption progressed to such a degree that vision was restored in that eye and almost all the cataract material disappeared. This is not common in geriatric dogs despite having been described with relative frequency in young animals with hereditary cataracts. PMID:16119062

  15. Tooth resorption in the Swedish Eurasion lynx (Lynx lynx).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettersson, Ann

    2010-01-01

    The etiology of tooth resorption in the domestic cat remains unknown. The high prevalence and progressive nature of the disease complicates defining healthy control groups. In order to evaluate the possible influence of various life style changes on the prevalence of tooth resorption, healthy control groups are a prerequisite. This paper presents a prevalence study for tooth resorption in a free-ranging wild felidae population. Skulls from 46 free-ranging Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) were examined. The age of the animals had previously been estimated based on cementum annuli in the maxillary right canine tooth. The dental examination included both dental probing and radiographic imaging. Complicated fractures of the canine teeth were found in 9/46 (19.5%) skulls. In one fractured canine, apical root resorption and periapical lucency was detected. The root resorption was attributed to inflammatory resorption as a consequence of the initial dental trauma and necrotic pulp. No signs of tooth resorption were found in the remaining teeth. Supernumerary roots were detected in 18/46 skulls (39.1 %). Supernumerary "peg" teeth caudal to the mandibular first molar tooth were detected in 6/46 (13.0%) skulls. Although further studies on dental ultra-structure are needed, the Swedish Eurasian lynx may, in the future, be useful as a healthy comparative model for studies on the etiopathogenesis of tooth resorption in the domestic cat. PMID:21322429

  16. Intravascular bronchio-alveolar tumor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1975 Dail and Liebow described the clinical and pathological characteristics of a pulmonary tumor which they dominated intravascular bronchio-alveolar tumor (IVBAT). Our aim is to acquaint radiologists with the existence of this tumor by describing the radiologic findings in 2 patients with IVBAT, 1 with hepatic involvement ant the other with pulmonary osteoarthropathy. (author). 7 refs.; 2 figs

  17. Extensive Idiopathic External Root Resorption in First Maxillary Molar: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Bolhari, Behnam; Meraji, Naghmeh; Nosrat, Ali

    2013-01-01

    External root resorption of permanent teeth is a multifactorial process. Several etiologic and predisposing factors have been related to external root resorption. Idiopathic external root resorption is defined as cases of external root resorption without a distinct etiologic factor. This article presents an extensive idiopathic external root resorption of maxillary first molar with irreversible pulpitis in an 18-year-old patient. The resorption was diagnosed in conventional radiographs and co...

  18. Diphyllin, a novel and naturally potent V-ATPase inhibitor, abrogates acidification of the osteoclastic resorption lacunae and bone resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Srensen, Mette G; Henriksen, Kim; Neutzsky-Wulff, Anita V; Dziegiel, Morten Hanefeld; Karsdal, Morten A

    2007-01-01

    Dissolution of the inorganic phase of bone by the osteoclasts mediated by V-ATPase and ClC-7 is a prerequisite for bone resorption. Inhibitors of osteoclastic V-ATPase or ClC-7 are novel approaches for inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption. By testing natural compounds in acidification assay...

  19. Volumetric Measurement of Root Resorption following Molar Mini-Screw Implant Intrusion Using Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen; Chen, Fei; Zhang, Feng; Ding, Wanghui; Ye, Qingsong; Shi, Jiejun; Fu, Baiping

    2013-01-01

    Objective Molar intrusion by mini-screw implantation can cause different degrees of root resorption. However, most methods (2-D and 3-D) used for evaluating root resorption have focused on the root length without considering 3-D resorption. The purpose of this study was to volumetrically evaluate root resorption using cone beam computed tomography(CBCT) after mini-screw implant intrusion. Materials and Methods 1. The volumes of 32 teeth were measured using CBCT and laser scanning to verify the accuracy of CBCT. 2. Twelve overerupted molars from adult patients were investigated in this study. After mini-screw implants were inserted into the buccal and palatal alveolar bones, 150 g of force was applied to the mini-screw implants on each side to intrude the molars. CBCT images of all patients were taken immediately prior to intrusion and after intrusion. The volumes of the roots were calculated using the Mimics software program. The differences between the pre-intrusion and post-intrusion root volumes were statistically evaluated with a paired-samples t-test. In addition, the losses of the roots were statistically compared with each other using one-way analysis of variance at the P0.05). The overerupted molars were significantly intruded (P<0.05), and the average intrusion was 3.30±1.60 mm. The differences between the pre-intrusion and post-intrusion root volumes were statistically significant for all of the roots investigated (P<0.05). The roots were sorted by volume loss in descending order as follows: mesiobuccal, palatal, and distobuccal. Statistical significance was achieved among the three roots. The average total resorption for each tooth was 58.39±1.54 mm3. Conclusion Volume measurement using CBCT was able to effectively evaluate root resorption caused by mini-screw intrusion. The highest volume loss was observed in the mesiobuccal root among the three roots of the investigated first molar teeth. PMID:23585866

  20. The effects of systemic alendronate with or without intraalveolar collagen sponges on postextractive bone resorption: a single masked randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graziani, Filippo; Rosini, Stefano; Cei, Silvia; La Ferla, Fabio; Gabriele, Mario

    2008-07-01

    Alendronate is a bisphosphonate frequently used to reduce bone resorption. It has been used for osteoporosis, Paget's disease, and also as adjunctive therapy for periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of systemic alendronate with or without endoalveolar collagen sponge on vertical bone resorption after lower wisdom tooth extraction. Forty patients referred for wisdom tooth impaction were selected. Before surgery, patients were randomly assigned to receive one of the following pharmacologic treatments: no medication (group 1), postextractive endoalveolar collagen sponge (group 2), systemic alendronate for 4 months starting the day of surgery (group 3), and group 2 + group 3 (group 4). Standardized orthopantomographic evaluation was obtained during recruitment (T1), immediately after surgery (T2), and 4 months (T3) to evaluate crestal and alveolar socket changes. Results indicate that at T2, crest and socket level did not show significant differences between the four groups. At T3, test sites treated showed less bone resorption compared with controls. In particular, higher vertical bone height levels and a faster intraalveolar healing were achieved in groups 3 and 4. Systemically given alendronate may be used successfully to reduce vertical bone resorption after wisdom tooth extraction. PMID:18650733

  1. Bone resorption around pedicle screws after pedicle screw plate fixation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the frequency, level, distribution, onset, and pattern of progression of bone resorption that occurring around pedicle screws after pedicle screw plate fixation. Bone resorption around 902 pedicle screws was analyzed in post-operative, and follow-up radiographs obtained from 156 patients who underwent pedicle screw plate fixation. To determine the resorption degree, categorized arbitrarily as grade 1 (less than 1 mm), grade 2 (1mm or more, but less than 2 mm), or grade 3 (2mm or more), the width of radiolucent zones was measured. In 39 patients in whom resorption was graded 1, 2 or 3, the pattern of progression of 78 screws was evaluated. Resorption occurred around 78 (8.6%) screws in 39 (25%) patients, 26 of whom had more than on lesion. For 99% of screws, there was evidance of resorption within 12 weeks of pedicle screw plate fixation. During follow-up, 61.5% of screws (48/78) remained stable, while 38.5% (30 screws) showed progression to higher grades. The possibility of progression to a higher grade is less when the initial grade is lower. An understanding of the radiographic patterns of bone resorption is useful for monitoring a patient after pedicle screw plate fixation

  2. Disassociation of bone resorption and formation by GLP-2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Dennis B; Alexandersen, Peter; Hartmann, Bolette; Adrian, Charlotte L; Byrjalsen, Inger; Bone, Henry G; Holst, Jens Juul; Christiansen, Claus

    2007-01-01

    collagen type I (s-CTX and u-CTX) and u-DPD, markers of bone resorption. In contrast, bone formation, as assessed by serum osteocalcin and procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide (PINP), appeared to be unaffected by treatment with exogenous GLP-2. These effects were further investigated in a 14-day study...... adverse reaction. Both GLP-2 doses resulted in similar and significant (p<0.001) reduction in bone resorption indicating that the maximum efficacious dose has been approached. Osteocalcin and PINP levels were unaffected at Day 1 and Day 14, suggesting a disassociation between bone resorption and bone...

  3. Experiment K-317: Bone resorption in rats during spaceflight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cann, C. E.; Adachi, R. R.

    1981-01-01

    Direct measurement of bone resorption in flight and synchronous control rats is described. Continuous tracer administration techniques were used, with replacement of dietary calcium with isotopically enriched Ca40 and measurement by neutron activation analysis of the Ca48 released by the skeleton. There is no large change in bone resorption in rats. Based on the time course of changes, the measured 20-25% decrease in resorption is probably secondary to a decrease in total body calcium turnover. The excretion of sodium, potassium and zinc all increase during flight, sodium and potassium to a level 4-5 times control values.

  4. Study of the relationship between the indication rod of stent on implant CT and the real path of implant fixture insertion considering residual ridge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Do Hoon; Heo, Min Suk; Lee, Sam Sun; Oh, Sung Ook; Choi, Soon Chul [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Hang Moon [Kangnung National University College of Medicine, Kangnung (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, In Seong [Inje University Sanggyepaik Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-06-15

    To assess the relationship between the direction of the indicating rod of the radiographic stent for ideal prosthetic design and the actual possible path of implant fixture placement when residual ridge resorption is considered. The study materials considered of 326 implant sites (male 214 cases and female 112 cases) from a total of 106 patients (male 65 patients and female 41 patients) who desired implant prostheses. Computed tomography of patients were taken and reformatted using ToothPix software. Bony defects, bony sclerosis, the change of the direction of indicating rod, and root proximity of the adjacent teeth were examined on the CT-derived images. The rate of the irregular crestal cortex was relatively high on premolar and molar area of maxilla. Mandibular molar area showed relatively high rate of focal sclerosis on the area of implant fixture insertion. The position of the including rods were relatively acceptable on the molar areas of both jaws. However, the position of the indicating rods should be shifted to buccal side with lingual rotation of the apical end on maxillary anterior teeth and premolar area. Clinically determined rod direction and position of the indicating rod for implant placement was not always acceptable for insertion according to the reformatted CT images. The pre-operative treatment plan for implant should be determined carefully, considering the state of the alveolar bone using the reformatted CT images.

  5. Alveolar permeability and mucociliary clearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Investigation of alveolar permeability and mucociliary clearance by means of radionuclides are rarely used methods to estimate various functions of the lungs in-vivo (barrier and self cleaning function). Results of both methods are influenced by many factors which requires standardization of data acquisition and data interpretation. Although normal values are available, large interindividual variations require intraindividual follow-up investigations (i.e. after intervention or during therapy). The estimation of alveolar permeability by means of Pertechnegas is an alternative to the use of conventional Tc-99m-DTPA aerosol and can be completed within 15 min. A tiny modification (i.e. order of a special gas) enables the Technegas generator to deliver Pertechnegas which is optimal to estimate alveolar permeability. By contrast, no adequate particle is commercially available to estimate mucociliary clearance; however, patient's own red blood cells can be used for this purpose. This method has been applied by several investigators and labelling expense is low. Both scintigraphic methods are highly sensitive but have low specificity. Therefore, their strength is the exclusion of an alteration of lungs' partial function. (orig.)

  6. Central osteoma associated with root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Emel; Ozan, Bora; Gnhan, Omer

    2010-03-01

    Osteomas of the jaws are rare osteogenic lesions considered to be true neoplasms, characterized by the proliferation of compact and/or cancellous bone. It can be central, peripheral, or of an extraskeletal type. The central osteoma arises from the endosteum, the peripheral osteoma from the periosteum, and the extraskeletal soft tissue osteoma usually develops within a muscle. However, in a previous work we have suggested that at least some peripheral osteomas may be reactive rather than neoplasms, probably associated with trauma. Some reported cases did have a clear history of trauma; however, this was not the case in the majority of cases. Whereas peripheral osteomas are fairly easy to diagnose, central osteomas pose a more challenging diagnostic problem and need to be differentiated from other similar lesions of the jaws, such as central ossifying fibroma, condensing osteitis, idiopathic osteosclerosis, osteoblastoma, cementoblastoma, and complex odontoma. With such a low number of case of central osteoma reported, the objectives of the present report are to describe a case of the central osteoma associated with partially root resorption of the mandibular first molar. Our case report participates to literature as a 11th case. PMID:20216457

  7. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide inhibits bone resorption in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Anne; Christensen, Mikkel; Knop, Filip K; Vilsbøll, Tina; Holst, Jens Juul; Hartmann, Bolette

    2014-01-01

    stimulation. Its role in human bone homeostasis, however, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of GIP administration on bone resorption in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma samples were obtained from 10 healthy subjects during four conditions: euglycemic (5 mmol/L) and hyperglycemic (12 mmol/L) 90......BACKGROUND: In humans, the pronounced postprandial reduction in bone resorption (decreasing bone resorption markers by around 50%) has been suggested to be caused by gut hormones. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is a peptide hormone secreted postprandially from the small......) augmented the decremental area under the curve to 2785 ± 446 % × minutes, compared to 1308 ± 448 % × minutes during saline infusion, with CTX values corresponding to 49% of basal values. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that GIP reduces bone resorption in humans, interacting with a possible effect of hyperglycemia....

  8. New ridge parameters for ridge regression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.V. Dorugade

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Hoerl and Kennard (1970a introduced the ridge regression estimator as an alternative to the ordinary least squares (OLS estimator in the presence of multicollinearity. In ridge regression, ridge parameter plays an important role in parameter estimation. In this article, a new method for estimating ridge parameters in both situations of ordinary ridge regression (ORR and generalized ridge regression (GRR is proposed. The simulation study evaluates the performance of the proposed estimator based on the mean squared error (MSE criterion and indicates that under certain conditions the proposed estimators perform well compared to OLS and other well-known estimators reviewed in this article.

  9. Kinins : important regulators in inflammation induced bone resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Bernhold Brechter, Anna

    2006-01-01

    Inflammatory processes in, or in close vicinity of, the skeleton often lead to loss of bone tissue. Different cytokines have been shown to be involved as stimulators of inflammatory induced osteoclastic bone resorption. During inflammatory processes also the kallikrein-kinin system is activated, leading to production of kinins that can cause pain, vasodilation and increased permeability of vessels. Kinins can also induce bone resorption in vitro. All cytokines and kinins that stimulate bone r...

  10. Bisphosphonates in bone cement inhibit PMMA particle induced bone resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Sabokbar, A; Fujikawa, Y.; MURRAY, D.; Athanasou, N.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVE—Wear particle induced bone resorption is thought to be one of the mechanisms that contribute to implant loosening. It has previously been shown that macrophages, in response to polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) particles, differentiate into bone resorbing osteoclasts, and that this process is inhibited by a bisphosphonate, etidronate (EHDP). The aim of this study was to determine whether incorporating EHDP in bone cement could reduce PMMA associated bone resorption.
METHODS—Two concentr...

  11. Localized ridge augmentation using autogenous block bone graft followed by dental implant placement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K V Prabhakara Rao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The placement of endosseous dental implants is often hampered by unfavourable anatomy of the alveolar bone. Most frequently patients lose their teeth due to alveolar bone loss, tooth extraction; trauma and long term use of removable appliances tend to lose the bone making it difficult for the placement of implant in an optimal prosthetic position. The loss of width of the residual alveolar ridge necessitated measures which could refurbish the lost dimensions. Here we report the successful management of such a condition wherein placement of implant was made possible by placement of autogenous bone block graft obtained from the mandibular symphysis region and predictable osseointegration thus achieved.

  12. Biomechanical aspect of feline dental resorptive lesions formation

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    ivkovi? R.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Feline dental resorptive lesions affect more than one third of all adult domestic cats and continue to be an enigma in the veterinary dental science although different theories about the pathogenesis of these lesions have been proposed. Recently, a hypothesis was introduced that local mechanical trauma could be an important factor in the initiation of feline dental resorptive lesions and that there is a correlation between the occurrence of resorptive lesions and occlusal trauma in cats. The aim of this study was to analyse stress distribution in feline tooth during occlusal loading in order to accept or reject the hypothesis that dental resorptive lesions in cats might be caused by occlusal trauma. A solid model of feline tooth had to be created in order to perform the investigation. The idea was to gain data for tooth displacement (deformation and stress and strain distribution under loading generally for any feline tooth using the finite element method. The results of the study contribute to the theory that occlusal overload might be one of the causes in multifactorial resorptive lesions in cats. Succession of tensile and compressive stresses and tooth displacement during occlusal loading might be a contributive factor in the pathogenesis of feline resorptive lesions. However, further research is required to confirm this statement.

  13. Pathogen infection drives patterns of nutrient resorption in citrus plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Jirong; Cheng, Chunzhen; Yang, Junjie; Wang, Qibing

    2015-01-01

    Nutrient resorption processes in the plants infected by pathogen remain poorly understood. Huanglongbing (HLB) is a destructive disease of citrus. HLB-pathogen 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' grows specifically in the phloem of hosts and may cause problems in the plant vascular system after infection. Therefore, it brings a great concern about the phloem nutrient transport and nutrient intra-cycling in HLB-affected plants. We investigated the effects of 'Ca. L. asiaticus' infection on nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations and resorption in different citrus species (i.e. Citrus reticulata, Citrus limon and Citrus maxima). HLB-pathogen infection had distinctive impacts on nutrient resorption in different species. P resorption efficiency substantially decreased in infected C. reticulata plants relative to the healthy plants in summer, which may account for the marked decrease in the average fruit yield. P resorption was more efficient in infected C. limon plants than in the healthy plants. However, for C. maxima plants, HLB had no significant effects on N:P ratio in live leaves and resorption efficiency as well as on fruit yield. Keeping efficient internal nutrient cycling can be a strategy of citrus species being tolerant to HLB. PMID:26419510

  14. Ridge augmentation with soft tissue procedures in aesthetic dentistry: pre- and postoperative volume measurements with a new kind of moire technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Studer, Stephan P.; Mueller, Ernst; Bucher, Alfred

    1993-09-01

    The aim of this paper was to measure the volume differences of operated alveolar ridge defects before and until 3 months post-surgically. Ten patients with ten localized alveolar ridge defects were operated on. Five alveolar ridge defects were corrected by using the full thickness onlay graft technique and the other five defects were operated by the subepithelial connective tissue graft technique. A strict standardized operation protocol was followed and all alveolar ridge defects were operated on by the same dental surgeon. Before as well as 1, 2, and 3 months after surgery the corrected defect was photographed and an impression was made by using an A-silicon material to produce a gypsum-cast model. The form of all these cast models was then measured using the moire technique. The three months result of ten cases shows that the form of the operated alveolar ridge defects, which were corrected by the subepithelial connective tissue graft technique are more stable compared to those which were operated on by the full thickness onlay graft technique. Localized alveolar ridge defects using the latter method does not show a form stability after 3 months post-surgically.

  15. Peptide-induced de novo bone formation after tooth extraction prevents alveolar bone loss in a murine tooth extraction model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Yuki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Shimizu, Yasuhiro; Tabata, Yasuhiko; Ono, Takashi; Murali, Ramachandran; Mise-Omata, Setsuko; Wakabayashi, Noriyuki

    2016-07-01

    Tooth extraction causes bone resorption of the alveolar bone volume. Although recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2) markedly promotes de novo bone formation after tooth extraction, the application of high-dose rhBMP-2 may induce side effects, such as swelling, seroma, and an increased cancer risk. Therefore, reduction of the necessary dose of rhBMP-2 which can still obtain sufficient bone mass is necessary by developing a new osteogenic reagent. Recently, we showed that the systemic administration of OP3-4 peptide, which was originally designed as a bone resorption inhibitor, had osteogenic ability both in vitro and in vivo. This study evaluated the ability of the local application of OP3-4 peptide to promote bone formation in a murine tooth extraction model with a very low-dose of BMP. The mandibular incisor was extracted from 10-week-old C57BL6/J male mice and a gelatin hydrogel containing rhBMP-2 with or without OP3-4 peptide (BMP/OP3-4) was applied to the socket of the incisor. Bone formation inside the socket was examined radiologically and histologically at 21 days after the extraction. The BMP/OP3-4-group showed significant bone formation inside the mandibular extraction socket compared to the gelatin-hydrogel-carrier-control group or rhBMP-2-applied group. The BMP/OP3-4-applied mice showed a lower reduction of alveolar bone and fewer osteoclast numbers, suggesting that the newly formed bone inside the socket may prevent resorption of the cortical bone around the extraction socket. Our data revealed that OP3-4 peptide promotes BMP-mediated bone formation inside the extraction socket of mandibular bone, resulting in preservation from the loss of alveolar bone. PMID:27118173

  16. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings

    OpenAIRE

    Celikten, Berkan; Uzuntas, Ceren Feriha; Hakan KURT

    2014-01-01

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as "idiopathic root resorption." This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition t...

  17. Rac-null leukocytes are associated with increased inflammation-mediated alveolar bone loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sima, Corneliu; Gastfreund, Shoshi; Sun, Chunxiang; Glogauer, Michael

    2014-02-01

    Periodontitis is characterized by altered host-biofilm interactions that result in irreversible inflammation-mediated alveolar bone loss. Genetic and epigenetic factors that predispose to ineffective control of biofilm composition and maintenance of tissue homeostasis are not fully understood. We elucidated how leukocytes affect the course of periodontitis in Rac-null mice. Mouse models of acute gingivitis and periodontitis were used to assess the early inflammatory response and patterns of chronicity leading to loss of alveolar bone due to inflammation in Rac-null mice. Leukocyte margination was differentially impaired in these mice during attachment in conditional Rac1-null (granulocyte/monocyte lineage) mice and during rolling and attachment in Rac2-null (all blood cells) mice. Inflammatory responses to subgingival ligatures, assessed by changes in peripheral blood differential leukocyte numbers, were altered in Rac-null compared with wild-type mice. In response to persistent subgingival ligature-mediated challenge, Rac-null mice had increased loss of alveolar bone with patterns of resorption characteristic of aggressive forms of periodontitis. These findings were partially explained by higher osteoclastic coverage of the bone-periodontal ligament interface in Rac-null compared with wild-type mice. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that leukocyte defects, such asdecreased endothelial margination and tissue recruitment, are rate-limiting steps in the periodontal inflammatory process that lead to more aggressive forms of periodontitis. PMID:24269593

  18. B Cell IgD Deletion Prevents Alveolar Bone Loss Following Murine Oral Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela J. Baker

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Periodontal disease is one of the most common infectious diseases of humans. Immune responses to infection trigger loss of alveolar bone from the jaw and eventual tooth loss. We investigated the contribution of B cell IgD to alveolar bone loss by comparing the response of B cell normal BALB/cJ mice and IgD deficient BALB/c-Igh-5?/?J mice to oral infection with Porphyromonas gingivalis, a gram-negative periodontopathic bacterium from humans. P. gingivalis-infected normal mice lost bone. Specific antibody to P. gingivalis was lower and oral colonization was higher in IgD deficient mice; yet bone loss was completely absent. Infection increased the proportion of CD69+ activated B cells and CD4+ T cells in immune normal mice compared to IgD deficient mice. These data suggest that IgD is an important mediator of alveolar bone resorption, possibly through antigen-specific coactivation of B cells and CD4+ T cells.

  19. Soft tissue expansion before vertical ridge augmentation: Inflatable silicone balloons or self-filling osmotic tissue expanders?

    OpenAIRE

    Prasad Vijayrao Dhadse; Ramareddy Krishnarao Yeltiwar; Manohar Laxmanrao Bhongade; Sunil Dattuji Pendor

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances in periodontal plastic surgical procedures allow the clinician to reconstruct deficient alveolar ridges in more predictable ways than previously possible. Placement of implant/s in resorbed ridges poses numerous challenges to the clinician for successful esthetic and functional rehabilitation. The reconstruction frequently utilizes one or combination of periodontal plastic surgical procedures in conjunction with autogenous bone grafting, allogenic bone block grafting, ridge sp...

  20. Microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar en colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Esguerra Gómez, Gonzalo

    2011-01-01

    1. Se presentan los cuatro primeros casos de microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar, familiar, estudiados en Colombia, S. A., uno de ellos comprobado con la autopsia. Se trata de 4 hermanas en una familia de 7, dos hombres y cinco mujeres,. 2. Tanto la radiología como la clínica, la evolución y los estudios anatomopatológicos coinciden con los señalados en esta enfermedad. 3. Se llama la atención a la frecuencia de un espesamiento pleural de la cisura menor interlobar y a la ausencia de tos, mientra...

  1. Management of the alveolar cleft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Pedro E; Schuster, Lindsay A; Levy-Bercowski, Daniel

    2014-04-01

    Orthopedic and orthodontic management of patients born with clefts of the lip, alveolus and palate is based on the application of basic biomechanical principles adapted to the individualized cleft anatomy. This article focuses on orthopedic and orthodontic preparation for 2 stages of interdisciplinary orthodontic/surgical cleft care: presurgical infant orthopedics (nasoalveolar molding) for lip/alveolus/nasal surgical repair and maxillary arch preparation for secondary alveolar bone grafting. These preparatory stages of orthopedic/orthodontic therapy are undertaken with the goal of restoring normal anatomic relationships to assist the surgeon in providing the best possible surgical care. PMID:24607190

  2. Nostril Base Augmentation Effect of Alveolar Bone Graft

    OpenAIRE

    Woojin Lee; Hyung Joon Park; Hyun Gon Choi; Dong Hyeok Shin; Ki Il Uhm

    2013-01-01

    Background The aims of alveolar bone grafting are closure of the fistula, stabilization of the maxillary arch, support for the roots of the teeth adjacent to the cleft on each side. We observed nostril base augmentation in patients with alveolar clefts after alveolar bone grafting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nostril base augmentation effect of secondary alveolar bone grafting in patients with unilateral alveolar cleft. Methods Records of 15 children with alveolar clefts who...

  3. Rhizoma Dioscoreae Extract Protects against Alveolar Bone Loss in Ovariectomized Rats via microRNAs Regulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiguo Zhang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteoprotective effect of aqueous Rhizoma Dioscoreae extract (RDE on the alveolar bone of rats with ovariectomy-induced bone loss. Female Wistar rats underwent either ovariectomy or sham operation (SHAM. The ovariectomized (OVX rats were treated with vehicle (OVX, estradiol valerate (EV, or RDE. After treatments, the bone mineral density (BMD and the three-dimensional microarchitecture of the alveolar bone were analyzed to assess bone mass. Microarrays were used to evaluate microRNA expression profiles in alveolar bone from RDE-treated and OVX rats. The differential expression of microRNAs was validated using real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR, and the target genes of validated microRNAs were predicted and further analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA. The key findings were verified using qRT-PCR. Our results show that RDE inhibits alveolar bone loss in OVX rats. Compared to the OVX rats, the RDE-treated rats showed upregulated expression levels of 8 microRNAs and downregulated expression levels of 8 microRNAs in the alveolar bone in the microarray analysis. qRT-PCR helped validate 13 of 16 differentially expressed microRNAs, and 114 putative target genes of the validated microRNAs were retrieved. The IPA showed that these putative target genes had the potential to code for proteins that were involved in the transforming growth factor (TGF-β/bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs/Smad signaling pathway (Tgfbr2/Bmpr2, Smad3/4/5, and Bcl-2 and interleukin (IL-6/oncostatin M (OSM/Jak1/STAT3 signaling pathway (Jak1, STAT3, and Il6r. These experiments revealed that RDE could inhibit ovariectomy-induced alveolar bone loss in rats. The mechanism of this anti-osteopenic effect in alveolar bone may involve the simultaneous inhibition of bone formation and bone resorption, which is associated with modulation of the TGF-β/BMPs/Smad and the IL-6/OSM/Jak1/STAT3 signaling pathways via microRNA regulation.

  4. Rhizoma Dioscoreae extract protects against alveolar bone loss in ovariectomized rats via microRNAs regulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhiguo; Song, Changheng; Zhang, Fangzhen; Xiang, Lihua; Chen, Yanjing; Li, Yan; Pan, Jinghua; Liu, Hong; Xiao, Gary Guishan; Ju, Dahong

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteoprotective effect of aqueous Rhizoma Dioscoreae extract (RDE) on the alveolar bone of rats with ovariectomy-induced bone loss. Female Wistar rats underwent either ovariectomy or sham operation (SHAM). The ovariectomized (OVX) rats were treated with vehicle (OVX), estradiol valerate (EV), or RDE. After treatments, the bone mineral density (BMD) and the three-dimensional microarchitecture of the alveolar bone were analyzed to assess bone mass. Microarrays were used to evaluate microRNA expression profiles in alveolar bone from RDE-treated and OVX rats. The differential expression of microRNAs was validated using real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), and the target genes of validated microRNAs were predicted and further analyzed using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). The key findings were verified using qRT-PCR. Our results show that RDE inhibits alveolar bone loss in OVX rats. Compared to the OVX rats, the RDE-treated rats showed upregulated expression levels of 8 microRNAs and downregulated expression levels of 8 microRNAs in the alveolar bone in the microarray analysis. qRT-PCR helped validate 13 of 16 differentially expressed microRNAs, and 114 putative target genes of the validated microRNAs were retrieved. The IPA showed that these putative target genes had the potential to code for proteins that were involved in the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β/bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs)/Smad signaling pathway (Tgfbr2/Bmpr2, Smad3/4/5, and Bcl-2) and interleukin (IL)-6/oncostatin M (OSM)/Jak1/STAT3 signaling pathway (Jak1, STAT3, and Il6r). These experiments revealed that RDE could inhibit ovariectomy-induced alveolar bone loss in rats. The mechanism of this anti-osteopenic effect in alveolar bone may involve the simultaneous inhibition of bone formation and bone resorption, which is associated with modulation of the TGF-β/BMPs/Smad and the IL-6/OSM/Jak1/STAT3 signaling pathways via microRNA regulation. PMID:25690421

  5. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two asymptomatic Turkish sibs are presented, a 4-year-old boy and his 7-year-old sister, with pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) confirmed by transbronchial lung biopsy and bronchoalveolar lavage. Chest radiographs and high resolution CT demonstrated wide-spread intra-alveolar calcifications in both lungs. The lesions were sharply defined and less than 1 mm in diameter. CT documented a high concentration of microliths along the bronchovascular bundles, the intralobular fissue and the (sub)pleural lung parenchyma. The combination of bronchoalveolar lavage and roentgenographic appearance in high resolution CT are characteristic and pathognomonic, and can confirm the diagnosis. The more severe changes in the elder sib and the radiographic controls suggest that the pulmonary disease may be progressive in our patients. The described family of consanguineous, unaffected parents with two affected and one healthy child confirmed the autosomal recessive inheritance of PAM (McKusick 265100). In addition, the affected girl had autosomal recessive Waardenburg-anophthalmia syndrome (McKusick 206920), raising the question of whether this is a chance occurrence or possibly a contiguous gene syndrome. (orig.)

  6. Multi-disciplinary management of a patient with a post-traumatised incisor presenting concurrent replacement and inflammatory resorption: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doğramaci, Esma J; Rossi-Fedele, Giampiero; Jonest, Allan G

    2015-11-01

    This case report describes the multidisciplinary management of a young male who presented with a Class I incisor relationship and bi-maxillary dento-alveolar protrusion on a Class I skeletal base. The occlusion was complicated by an ankylosed and moderately infra-positioned upper left permanent central incisor, an anterior crossbite, crowding, a reduced overbite and centreline discrepancy. The incisor was traumatised and avulsed when the root was immature and the tooth was reimplanted with delay. On referral for orthodontic treatment at age 11 .5 years, the upper left central incisor was experiencing ankylosis-related (osseous replacement) resorption and external root resorption simultaneously. Aside from the orthodontic aims, it was important to address the disrupted alveolar development to facilitate later prosthodontic replacement of the upper left permanent central incisor by idealising the inter-coronal and inter-radicular spaces. Treatment consisted of fixed orthodontic appliances in conjunction with the extraction of all second premolars and the upper left permanent central incisor with episodic surgical curettage. An upper Hawlix retainer was provided immediately at debond and a cantilevered resin-retained bridge was placed four months later. PMID:26999896

  7. CT features of lung alveolar echinococcosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the CT features of lung alveolar echinococcosis and assess the value of CT scanning for the diagnosis of this disease. Methods: The CT features of lung alveolar echinococcosis in 26 patients diagnosed pathologically or clinically were reviewed retrospectively and correlated with histopathology. Results: Lung alveolar echinococcosis appeared as multiple lesions bilaterally in 18 patients, as multiple lesions unilaterally in 6 patients, and as single lesion bilaterally in 2 patients. Seventeen cases presented as masses and nodules, 8 patients presented as nodules, 1 patient presented as a mass. Lobulation and speculation were showed in most lesions, irregular cavity or bubble-like opacity in 13 patients,calcification in 18 patients, a patchy area or fibrotic cord around lesion in 14 patients. Pleural thickening adjacent to the lesion in 20 patients. Conclusion: Lung alveolar echinococcosis has characteristic features on CT, and CT can provide important information for the diagnosis of lung alveolar echinococcosis. (authors)

  8. HIV-1 tat and rev upregulates osteoclast bone resorption

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    Nicholas Chew

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Disruption in bone homeostasis with increased osteoclastic resorption may lead to osteoporosis. HIV tat has been found to increase differentiation of precursor cells into osteoclast (OC (1. Presence of soluble HIV proteins in virally suppressed HIV patients on ART may drive a bone resorption phenotype. We investigated the role of soluble HIV proteins (tat, gp120 Mn and Bal, rev and p55-gag on osteoclastogenesis and OC resorptive capacity. Methods: Mouse monocyte RAW 264.7 cells were cultured in vitro and induced to differentiate into OCs with 50 ng/mL RANKL and 25 ng/mL mCSF. Medium was supplemented with 100 ng/mL of recombinant HIV tat, gp120 (Mn and Bal, rev, nef and p55-gag, respectively, with zolendronate as negative control. Differentiated OCs were stained for TRAP and counted. OC resorption function was examined by culturing differentiated OCs (in the presence of respective HIV proteins on dentin-coated plates and examining the following (i sealing zone formation, (ii volume of resorption pits and (iii area of resorption pits per field using confocal microscopy. Expression of OC specific genes including NFATc1 and cathepsin K was investigated by qPCR. Reactive oxygen species (ROS production is essential in RANKL-induced OC differentiation (2,3; effect of these proteins on ROS production was assessed using the fluorescent H2DCFH-DA. Mean fluorescence intensity was then measured by flow cytometry. TNF? production by OC precursors when incubated with tat and rev was measured by ELISA. Results: Tat and rev treatment was associated with increased OC formation by 70 and 26%, respectively (p<0.01, relative to control, while zolendronate significantly inhibited OC formation by 75%. Gp120 Mn and Bal, nef and p55-gag treatment had no effect on OC differentiation. Interestingly, neither tat nor rev treatment caused significant increases in sealing zone formation but increased dentin resorption pit area by 28 and 19%, respectively, and resorption pit volume by 11 and 6%, respectively. Tat protein treatment was associated with upregulation of NFATc1 and cathepsin K mRNA expression by 20 and 15%, respectively. Incubation with tat and rev led to a dose-dependent increase in intracellular ROS production in the monocytes and OC precursors and significant upregulation in TNF? cytokine production by the OC precursors. Conclusions: In addition to their effect of OC differentiation, we demonstrated the effects of tat and rev on OC resorption. HIV tat and rev are both biologically active in driving a pro-osteoclastic phenotype.

  9. The effect of photobiomodulation on root resorption during orthodontic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimeri G

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ghada Nimeri, Chung H Kau, Rachel Corona, Jeffery Shelly Department of Orthodontics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA Abstract: Photobiomodulation is used to accelerate tooth movement during orthodontic treatments. The changes in root morphology in a group of orthodontic patients who received photobiomodulation were evaluated using the cone beam computed tomography technique. The device used is called OrthoPulse, which produces low levels of light with a near infrared wavelength of 850 nm and an intensity of 60 mW/cm2 continuous wave. Twenty orthodontic patients were recruited for these experiments, all with class 1 malocclusion and with Little's Irregularity Index (>2 mm in either of the arches. Root resorption was detected by measuring changes in tooth length using cone beam computed tomography. These changes were measured before the orthodontic treatment and use of low-level laser therapy and after finishing the alignment level. Little's Irregularity Index for all the patients was calculated in both the maxilla and mandible and patients were divided into three groups for further analysis, which were then compared to the root resorption measurements. Our results showed that photobiomodulation did not cause root resorption greater than the normal range that is commonly detected in orthodontic treatments. Furthermore, no correlation between Little's Irregularity Index and root resorption was detected. Keywords: photobiomodulation, root resorption, accelerate tooth movement, orthodontics, cone beam computed tomography

  10. A rare case of impacted supernumerary premolar causing resorption of mandibular first molar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R V Murali

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The management of patients with pain in today′s general practice has become a major concern and sometimes this pain is related to some rare causes. A male patient aged 26 years reported with pain in the lower left molar region (36 and then an intra-oral periapical radiograph (IOPA, and orthopantomograph was taken. IOPA revealed the presence of supernumerary premolar causing pressure and root resorption of 36. Also, there was missing 21 and proximal decay in 11. Eleven was treated endodontically, and then bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Lower anterior crowding was also present. The treatment plan was to extract 36 followed by orthodontic extrusion of the supernumerary premolar and also the correction of lower anterior crowding. Hidden approach (lingual orthodontics was used as the patient was insisting upon the braces not being seen outside during the course of the treatment. Later all ceramic bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Orthodontic tooth extrusion techniques offer excellent treatment options for Partially Impacted tooth. It is a well-documented clinical method for extruding sound tooth material from within the alveolar socket by light forces. The use of lingual technique for forced eruption enhance acceptance of orthodontic treatment by adults. The treatment of a young adult patient illustrates the importance of treatment planning from one discipline to another, communication among team members and the benefits of working together in an interdisciplinary approach

  11. A rare case of impacted supernumerary premolar causing resorption of mandibular first molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murali, R V; Gnanashanmugam, K; Rajasekar, L; Kularashmi, B S; Saravanan, B

    2015-04-01

    The management of patients with pain in today's general practice has become a major concern and sometimes this pain is related to some rare causes. A male patient aged 26 years reported with pain in the lower left molar region (36) and then an intra-oral periapical radiograph (IOPA), and orthopantomograph was taken. IOPA revealed the presence of supernumerary premolar causing pressure and root resorption of 36. Also, there was missing 21 and proximal decay in 11. Eleven was treated endodontically, and then bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Lower anterior crowding was also present. The treatment plan was to extract 36 followed by orthodontic extrusion of the supernumerary premolar and also the correction of lower anterior crowding. Hidden approach (lingual orthodontics) was used as the patient was insisting upon the braces not being seen outside during the course of the treatment. Later all ceramic bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Orthodontic tooth extrusion techniques offer excellent treatment options for Partially Impacted tooth. It is a well-documented clinical method for extruding sound tooth material from within the alveolar socket by light forces. The use of lingual technique for forced eruption enhance acceptance of orthodontic treatment by adults. The treatment of a young adult patient illustrates the importance of treatment planning from one discipline to another, communication among team members and the benefits of working together in an interdisciplinary approach. PMID:26015740

  12. Postoperative assessment of secondary bone grafting to the alveolar cleft using three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Between 1995 and 2004, 282 alveolar bone grafts were performed in our department using particle cancellous bone from the iliac bone. To evaluate postoperative results the height of bone bridging was measured in a two-dimensional evaluation using dental radiographs. However, recently, with the development of three-dimension CT (3-D CT), three-dimensional evaluation of bone bridging is recommended. Therefore, since last year, we have been evaluating bone bridging using dental CT. In this paper, we report a diagnostic imaging method for bone grafting to the alveolar cleft. First, a horizontal line passing along the inferior border of the piriform aperture of the normal side on the 3-D picture is drawn and then a horizontal line passing through the tip of the labial alveolar ridge of the central incisor of the upper jaw of the normal side is drawn. Then the distance between these two horizontal lines is measured. Next, this distance is equally divided into five segments by four horizontal lines. The labial lingual width of the bone bridge of the alveolar cleft part from the axial view of the height of these four horizontal lines is compared to that of the alveolar bone of the normal side. These four compared values are called the progression of the alveolar cleft, and the results of the bone grafting are judged by these numbers. We are convinced that the results of bone grafting can be more easily understood using this progression than from the many axial views of 3-D CT. (author)

  13. Effects of a Mikania laevigata extract on bone resorption and RANKL expression during experimental periodontitis in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno B. Benatti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The Mikania laevigata extract (MLE (popularly known in Brazil as "guaco" possesses anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study we tested the effects of MLE in a periodontitis experimental model in rats. We also investigated possible mechanisms underlying such effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Periodontal disease was induced by a ligature placed around the mandibular first molars of each animal. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: non-ligated animals treated with vehicle; non-ligated animals treated with MLE (10 mg/kg, daily; ligature-induced animals treated with vehicle and ligature-induced animals treated with MLE (10 mg/kg, daily. Thirty days after the induction of periodontal disease, the animals were euthanized and mandibles and gingival tissues removed for further analysis. RESULTS: Morphometric analysis of alveolar bone loss demonstrated that MLE-treated animals presented a decreased alveolar bone loss and a lower expression of the activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL measured by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, gingival tissues from the MLE-treated group showed decreased neutrophil migration myeloperoxidase (MPO assay. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that MLE may be useful to control bone resorption during progression of experimental periodontitis in rats.

  14. Management of Root Resorption Using Chemical Agents: A Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Zahed; C Cehreli, Zafer; Shalavi, Sousan; Giardino, Luciano; Palazzi, Flavio; Asgary, Saeed

    2016-01-01

    Root resorption (RR) is defined as the loss of dental hard tissues because of clastic activity inside or outside of tooth the root. In the permanent dentition, RR is a pathologic event; if untreated, it might result in the premature loss of the affected tooth. Several hypotheses have been suggested as the mechanisms of root resorption such as absence of the remnants of Hertwig's epithelial root sheath (HERS) and the absence of some intrinsic factors in cementum and predentin such as amelogenin or osteoprotegerin (OPG). It seems that a barrier is formed by the less-calcified intermediate cementum or the cementodentin junction that prevents external RR. There are several chemical strategies to manage root resorption. The purpose of this paper was to review several chemical agents to manage RR such as tetracycline, sodium hypochlorite, acids (citric acid, phosphoric acid, ascorbic acid and hydrochloric acid), acetazolamide, calcitonin, alendronate, fluoride, Ledermix and Emdogain. PMID:26843869

  15. Implant Supported Prosthesis After Ridge Augmentation Procedure by Distraction Osteogenesis for Atrophic Mandible

    OpenAIRE

    Khongshei, Arlingstone; Banerjee, Saurav; Gupta, Tapas; Banerjee, Ardhendu

    2013-01-01

    Rehabilitation of deficient alveolar ridges has long been a challenge. The distraction osteogenesis procedure before placement of dental implants has solved the puzzle and its advantages over block grafting includes simultaneous expansion of soft tissue, high degree of dimensional stability, abbreviated overall treatment time, and no graft required. In this case report distraction osteogenesis of deficient anterior mandibular ridge was performed and then an implant supported fixed prosthesis ...

  16. Peculiarities of the bone tissue resorption under microgravity conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodionova, N.; Oganov, V.; Polkovenko, O.; Nitsevich, T.

    The actual problem - peculiarities of resorptive processes in the spongiose of thingbones - we studied with the use of tranmissive electron microscopy in experiments on rats (American space station SLS-2) and on monkeys Macaca mulatt? (BION-11). Animals were onboard during 2 weeks. There was established, that the resorption happen with osteoclasts participation. They can create groups of cells. In the osteoclasts population we indicated not typical for the control (ground experiment) "giant" cells, which have on ultrathin sections 5-6 nuclei, many lysosomes, well developed "light" zone and "brush-border". The destruction of minera lized matrix in bone lacunas also happens by the way of osteolytic activity of osteocytes. Lysosome ferments of osteocytes are secreted by the eczocytosis. The osteocytic osteolysis, as well as the osteoclastic one can be seen as a physiological, gormon-dependent mechanism of resorption. The presence of a considerable number of neutrophiles, which enter in some zones of resorption is also typical. When these neutrophiles destruct, they release lysosomic ferments that dissolve the bone matrix. In some zones of resorption we noted the presence of the row from collagen fibrils, which loosed crystals , on mineralized matrix borders. The cell detritus is noted in zones of surface dissolving among crystallic conglomerates. It certificates the processes of osteogenic cells destruction that happen here. So, under the microgravity conditions in zones of adaptive remodeling of the spongiose the processes of the bone tissue resorption happen by some ways, namely: by the functional activization of osteoclasts; by the osteocytic osteolysis increasing; as a result of hydrolytic activity of neutrophiles, entering in these zones, and also by the local demineralization and further destruction of bone matrix surface zones.

  17. Echistatin is a potent inhibitor of bone resorption in culture

    OpenAIRE

    1990-01-01

    The venom protein, s-echistatin, originally derived from the saw-scaled viper Echis carinatus, was found to be a potent inhibitor of bone resorption by isolated osteoclasts. This Arg24-Gly25-Asp26-(RGD)- containing protein inhibited the excavation of bone slices by rat osteoclasts (IC50 = 0.1 nM). It also inhibited the release of [3H]proline from labeled bone particles by chicken osteoclasts (IC50 = 100 nM). By comparison, the tetrapeptide Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) inhibited resorption by rat or...

  18. Humoral Regulation of Osteoclasts and Their Role in Bone Resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Sebile Dkmeta?

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Osteoclasts are derived from the macrophage haematopoietic lineage, resemble monocyte-like phagocytic cells, and are involved in bone resorption. The cells of the bone and the immune system communicate by cytokines and growth factors. The discovery of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK signalling pathway in osteoclasts provides a deeper understanding of osteoclastogenesis, mechanisms of the activation of bone resorption, and how bone structure and mass are affected by hormones. Turk Jem 2008; 12: 12-7

  19. A case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is reported. A 33-year-old male visited our clinic because of cough and sore throat. The chest X-ray showed granular micronodulation diffusely disseminated throughout the lung fields. On the eighth day since admission, cough and sore throat disappeared. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis was confirmed by transbronchial lung biopsy. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed, and the differential cell count of the BAL fluid showed 74.3 % eosinophilia. Furthermore, 67Ga-citrate scintigraphy revealed diffuse uptake throughout the lung fields. Whether these findings are common in pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis or not is considered to be an unanswered problem. (author)

  20. Influence of the variation in radiographic technique on the digital radiographic image reading in interproximal alveolar bone resorption evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orivaldo Tavano

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze digital radiographic images using the resources available in the Digora digital radiograph system (Soredex, Helsinki, Finland, and comparing it with real images of the open surgical site, varying the angles of radiographs taken with the aim of obtaining a result closer to that which would be real. Methods: For the clinical exam, millimetric probes were used with the aid of a line that joins the amelocemental junction, measuring up to the center of the bone defect between two contiguous teeth. The radiographic exam was standardized to obtain a digital image with greater detail and the minimum of distortion, using a support and Rinn type positioner, and a resin model of the occlusal surfaces of the teeth to be radiographed, to reproduce the focus/film distances of 40cm, and object/film parallelism, in the five radiographic incidences used(0, +10, -10, 10 to the right and 10 to the left.Results: After the descriptive statistical result the coefficient of variation was obtained, which was shown to be only regular, as it was over 20%. As regards the type of image treatment, DFW 2.5.a showed the standard radiograph to have similar results to those of the clinical exam, the 3D radiographic image had variations towards lower values and the negative images towards higher values. Conclusion: The standardization used in the research for radiographic exam showed that there is always a small enlargement of the image in relation to the clinical measurements; that the standard image was more reliable for the observation and measurement of interdental bone crests, followed by the 3D image and finally the negative image of the Digora digital radiographic system. The best incidence of X-rays, using the Rinn type positioner, is that of 0, after this +10, -10 and 10 to the right; the incidence of 10?? to the left showed the greatest variation.

  1. Effect of labiolingual inclination of a maxillary central incisor and surrounding alveolar bone loss on periodontal stress: A finite element analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Sung-Hwan; Kim, Young-Hoon; Lee, Kee-Joon

    2016-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to investigate whether labial tooth inclination and alveolar bone loss affect the moment per unit of force (Mt/F) in controlled tipping and consequent stresses on the periodontal ligament (PDL). Methods Three-dimensional models (n = 20) of maxillary central incisors were created with different labial inclinations (5°, 10°, 15°, and 20°) and different amounts of alveolar bone loss (0, 2, 4, and 6 mm). The Mt/F necessary for controlled tipping (Mt/Fcont) and the principal stresses on the PDL were calculated for each model separately in a finite element analysis. Results As labial inclination increased, Mt/Fcont and the length of the moment arm decreased. In contrast, increased alveolar bone loss caused increases in Mt/Fcont and the length of the moment arm. When Mt/F was near Mt/Fcont, increases in Mt/F caused compressive stresses to move from a predominantly labial apical region to a palatal apical position, and tensile stresses in the labial area moved from a cervical position to a mid-root position. Although controlled tipping was applied to the incisors, increases in alveolar bone loss and labial tooth inclination caused increases in maximum compressive and tensile stresses at the root apices. Conclusions Increases in alveolar bone loss and labial tooth inclination caused increases in stresses that might cause root resorption at the root apex, despite the application of controlled tipping to the incisors. PMID:27226961

  2. Alveolar wound healing in rats fed on high sucrose diet

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mara A, Bar; Marina R, Rocamundi; Javier O, Viotto; Ruth S, Ferreyra.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El potencial de reparacion osea esta influenciado por una variedad de mecanismos bioquimicos, biomecanicos, hormonales, patologicos y factores como la dieta y sus componentes; todos rigen comportamiento y funcion de las celulas encargadas de formar nuevo hueso. Varios autores sugieren que una dieta [...] rica en sacarosa, podria cambiar el balance del calcio y la composicion osea en animales, alterando la mineralizacion de tejidos duros. El mecanismo por el cual esto se produce no es claro. La cicatrizacion alveolar post extraccion reune caracteristicas particulares que la convierten en una herida unica, en animales y en humanos. El objetivo general de este trabajo fue evaluar y cuantificar la respuesta biologica durante la cicatrizacion alveolar post extraccion en ratas con dieta rica en sacarosa; mediante la histomorfometria de lagunas osteociticas, recuento de lagunas vacias y medicion de zonas de reposo, neoformacion y resorcion osea. Se utilizaron 42 ratas Wistar, de ambos sexos, que fueron divididas en dos grupos: grupo experimental, alimentadas con dieta modificada de Stephan Harris (43% de sacarosa) y grupo control alimentadas con dieta balanceada estandar. Se anestesiaron los animales y se extrajeron primeros molares inferiores, derecho e izquierdo, luego fueron sacrificados a las 0hs., 14, 28, 60 y 120 dias. Las muestras obtenidas fueron fijadas, descalcificadas con EDTA e incluidas en parafina y se obtuvieron cortes para microscopia optica que fueron coloreados con hematoxilina/eosina. El analisis histomorfometrico mostro diferencias significativas de tamano entre lagunas osteociticas de ambos grupos a los 28 y 60 dias siendo de mayor tamano en los experimentales, se encontraron mayor cantidad de lagunas vacias en experimentales a los 14 dias y no hubo diferencias significativas en las superficies de actividad osea. Una dieta rica en sacarosa podria producir modificaciones en la morfologia y calidad del tejido oseo que se forma en el alveolo post extraccion dentaria. Abstract in english The potential for bone repair is influenced by various biochemical, biomechanical, hormonal, and pathological mechanisms and factors such as diet and its components, all of which govern the behavior and function of the cells responsible for forming new bone. Several authors suggest that a high sucro [...] se diet could change the calcium balance and bone composition in animals, altering hard tissue mineralization. The mechanism by which it occurs is unclear. Alveolar healing following tooth extraction has certain characteristics making this type of wound unique, in both animals and humans. The general aim of this study was to evaluate and quantify the biological response during alveolar healing following tooth extraction in rats fed on high sucrose diets, by means of osteocyte lacunae histomorphometry, counting empty lacunae and measuring areas of bone quiescence, formation and resorption. Forty-two Wistar rats of both sexes were divided into two groups: an experimental group fed on modified Stephan Harris diet (43% sucrose) and a control group fed on standard balanced diet. The animals were anesthetized and their left and right lower molars extracted. They were killed at 0 hours, 14, 28, 60 and 120 days. Samples were fixed, decalcified in EDTA and embedded in paraffin to prepare sections for optical microscopy which were stained with hematoxylin/eosin. Histomorphometric analysis showed significant differences in the size of osteocyte lacunae between groups at 28 and 60 days, with the experimental group having larger lacunae. There were more empty lacunae in the experimental group at 14 days, and no significant difference in the areas of bone activity. A high sucrose diet could modify the morphology and quality of bone tissue formed in the alveolus following tooth extraction.

  3. Regional aggressive root resorption caused by neuronal virus infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Inger; Strøm, Carsten; Worsaae, Nils

    2012-01-01

    occurring regionally. Two cases of female patients, 26 and 28 years old, referred with aggressive root resorption were investigated clinically and radiographically. Anamnestic information revealed severe virus diseases during childhood, meningitis in one case and whooping cough in the other. One of the...

  4. Management of internal root resorption on permanent teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Elisabeth; Bonte, Eric; Bayet, François; Lasfargues, Jean-Jacques

    2013-01-01

    Internal root resorption (IRR) is a particular category of pulp disease characterized by the loss of dentine as a result of the action of clastic cells stimulated by pulpal inflammation. This review article explains the etiology, the prevalence of IRR, and, in addition to the clinical data, the contribution of the three-dimensional imaging (CBCT) to the diagnosis, the clinical decision, and the therapeutic management of IRR. The authors discussed the various therapeutic options including the orthograde or retrograde fillings of the root canal resorption area. Root canal treatment remains the treatment of choice of internal root resorption as it removes the granulation tissue and blood supply of the clastic cells. The authors describe with different clinical cases the modern endodontic techniques including optical aids, ultrasonic improvement of chemical debridement, and the use of alternative materials such as calcium silicate combined with thermoplastic filling (warm gutta-percha). In these conditions, the prognosis of the conservative treatment of internal resorptions, even if root walls are perforated, is good. PMID:24348560

  5. Role of gastrointestinal hormones in postprandial reduction of bone resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Dennis B; Alexandersen, Peter; Bjarnason, Nina H; Vilsbøll, Tina; Hartmann, Bolette; Henriksen, Eva E G; Byrjalsen, Inger; Krarup, Thure; Holst, Jens Juul; Christiansen, Claus

    2003-01-01

    Collagen type I fragments, reflecting bone resorption, and release of gut hormones were investigated after a meal. Investigations led to a dose escalation study with glucagon like peptide-2 (GLP-2) in postmenopausal women. We found a dose-dependent effect of GLP-2 on the reduction of bone...

  6. Toward Therapeutic Pulmonary Alveolar Regeneration in Humans

    OpenAIRE

    Massaro, Donald; Massaro, Gloria DeCarlo

    2006-01-01

    In humans, age results in loss of pulmonary alveoli; menopause accelerates loss of diffusing capacity, an index of alveolar surface area; and disease (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) results in loss of alveoli. Thus, an important goal for investigators is to generate knowledge that allows induction of pulmonary alveolar regeneration in humans. Our enthusiasm for this goal and our assessment of its feasibility are based on work in several laboratories over the last decade that has...

  7. CBCT evaluation of multiple idiopathic internal resorptions in permanent molars: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Kalender, Atakan; Öztan, Meltem D; Basmaci, Fatma; Aksoy, Umut; Orhan, Kaan

    2014-01-01

    Background Internal inflammatory root resorption is a rare condition in permanent teeth, which requires the presence of necrotic and infected pulp tissue within the coronal portion of the root canal system as well as inflamed pulp tissue apical to the resorptive defect. The aetiology of internal root resorption is not completely understandable, trauma and chronic pulpitis are considered the main risk factors. Case presentation We report a rare case of the multiple idiopathic resorption in the...

  8. Treatment of Internal Resorption with Mineral Trioxide Aggregates: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav, Pankaj; Rao, Yogesh; Jain, Anurag; Relhan, Nikhil; Gupta, Sandeep

    2013-01-01

    Tooth resorption is a common sequel which follows injuries or irritation to the periodontal ligament and/or tooth pulp. The course of tooth resorption involves an elaborate interaction among inflammatory cells, resorbing cells, and hard tissue structures. The key cells which are involved in resorption are multi–nucleated giant cells. Internal root resorptions are usually non–symptomatic and they are discovered occasionally through periapical radiographs, which reveal very defined and regular ...

  9. Identification of A Novel Root Resorptive Function of Osteopontin Gene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Seifi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Osteopontin (OPN has been proposed to play a role in bone resorption. With regard to bone and cementum/dentin structural and histological similarities, it was hy-pothesized that expression of this gene might be increased in resorptive lacunae during orthodontic tooth movement.Materials and Methods: Fixed Nickel-Titanium closed coil springs (Dentaurum capa-ble of delivering approximately 60 gf were applied for mesial movement of maxillary left first molars in 26 male 8-week-old Wistar rats. The right maxillary molar served as inter-nal control for each subject. After 21 days, the rats were sacrificed. Tissues from 13 rats were examined by histomorphometric analysis and the scratched material from resorptive lacunae on mesial sides of the roots was used for extracting messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA in RT-PCR reactions. T-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test served for statistical analyses.Results: Histomorphometric analysis of histologic sections revealed an increased resorbed area in test group compared to control animals (P<0.001. The integrity of mRNA con-firmed by RT-PCR for housekeeping gene glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH. Densitometric analysis of OPN mRNA on electrophoresis gel showed an in-crease in background levels of OPN in resorptive lacunae of test group (P<0.001.Conclusion: Data indicates that in the controlled environment of this study, an increase in OPN expression is associated with root resorption induced by orthodontic tooth move-ment.

  10. Ridge Regression: A Panacea?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Joseph M.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    Ridge regression is an approach to the problem of large standard errors of regression estimates of intercorrelated regressors. The effect of ridge regression on the estimated squared multiple correlation coefficient is discussed and illustrated. (JKS)

  11. Alveolar bone preservation subsequent to miniscrew implant placement in a canine model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melsen, Birte; Huja, Sarandeep; Chien, Hua-Hong; Dalstra, Michel

    2014-01-01

    control side. The bone volume within the cylinders was quantified. An insertion of a dental implant was simulated bilaterally at the insertion site. The height of the clinical crown and the alveolar crest were determined on both sides. The bone turnover was assessed histomorphometrically on un...... across the healing alveolar process results in increased density not only adjacent to the screws, but also in the region where a potential dental implant would be inserted. In humans, the insertion of transcortical screws may maintain bone when for various reasons insertion of a permanent dental implant......-decalcified bucco-lingual sections stained with basic fuchsine and toluidine blue. RESULTS: Comparison of the two sides revealed a significant difference both with regard to the bone volume and morphology. The transcortical screw caused an increase in bone density and less ridge atrophy. When simulating a dental...

  12. Boosting ridge regression

    OpenAIRE

    Tutz, Gerhard; Binder, Harald

    2005-01-01

    Ridge regression is a well established method to shrink regression parameters towards zero, thereby securing existence of estimates. The present paper investigates several approaches to combining ridge regression with boosting techniques. In the direct approach the ridge estimator is used to fit iteratively the current residuals yielding an alternative to the usual ridge estimator. In partial boosting only part of the regression parameters are reestimated within one step of the iterative proc...

  13. Perawatan Ortodontik Gigi Anterior Berjejal dengan Tulang Alveolar yang Tipis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miesje K. Purwanegara

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Anterior teeth movement in orthodontic treatment is limited to labiolingual direction by very thin alveolar bone. An uncontrolled anterior tooth movement to labiolingual direction can cause alveolar bone perforation at its root segment. This case report is to remind us that alveolar bone thickness limits orthodontc tooth movement. A case of crowded anterior teeth with thin alveolar bone in malocclusion I is reported. This case is treated using adgewise orthodontic appliance. Protraction of anterior teeth is anticipated due to thin alveolar bone on the anterior surface. The conclusion is although the alveolar bone surrounding the crowded anterior teeth is thin, by controlling the movement the teeth reposition is allowed.

  14. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celikten, Berkan; Uzuntas, Ceren Feriha; Kurt, Hakan

    2014-12-01

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as "idiopathic root resorption." This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition to a clinical examination, the patient was imaged using conventional radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The examinations revealed multiple external and internal resorption of the teeth in all four quadrants of the jaws with an unknown cause. Multiple root resorption is a rare clinical phenomenon that should be examined using different radiographic modalities. Cross-sectional CBCT is useful in the diagnosis and examination of such lesions. PMID:25473640

  15. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as 'idiopathic root resorption.' This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition to a clinical examination, the patient was imaged using conventional radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The examinations revealed multiple external and internal resorption of the teeth in all four quadrants of the jaws with an unknown cause. Multiple root resorption is a rare clinical phenomenon that should be examined using different radiographic modalities. Cross-sectional CBCT is useful in the diagnosis and examination of such lesions.

  16. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celikten, Berkan; Uzuntas, Ceren Feriha; Kurt, Hakan [Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

    2014-12-15

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as 'idiopathic root resorption.' This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition to a clinical examination, the patient was imaged using conventional radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The examinations revealed multiple external and internal resorption of the teeth in all four quadrants of the jaws with an unknown cause. Multiple root resorption is a rare clinical phenomenon that should be examined using different radiographic modalities. Cross-sectional CBCT is useful in the diagnosis and examination of such lesions.

  17. Apoptotic osteocytes and the control of targeted bone resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotkin, Lilian I

    2014-03-01

    Studies from the 1950s and 1960s already recognize the fact that osteocytes, although long living cells, die, as evidenced by accumulation of osteocytic lacunae devoid of cells. More recently, it was demonstrated that these cells die by apoptosis. The rate of osteocyte apoptosis is regulated by the age of the bone, as well as by systemic hormones, local growth factors, cytokines, pharmacological agents, and mechanical forces. Apoptotic osteocytes, in turn, recruit osteoclasts to initiate targeted bone resorption. This results in the removal of "dead" bone and may improve the mechanical properties of the skeleton. However, the molecular regulators of osteocyte survival and targeted bone remodeling are not completely known. In this review, the current knowledge on the molecular mechanism that lead to osteocyte death or survival, and the signals that mediate targeted bone resorption is discussed. PMID:24470254

  18. Pathogen infection drives patterns of nutrient resorption in citrus plants

    OpenAIRE

    Jirong Cao; Chunzhen Cheng; Junjie Yang; Qibing Wang

    2015-01-01

    Nutrient resorption processes in the plants infected by pathogen remain poorly understood. Huanglongbing (HLB) is a destructive disease of citrus. HLB-pathogen ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ grows specifically in the phloem of hosts and may cause problems in the plant vascular system after infection. Therefore, it brings a great concern about the phloem nutrient transport and nutrient intra-cycling in HLB-affected plants. We investigated the effects of ‘Ca. L. asiaticus’ infection on nit...

  19. Cellular mechanisms of bone resorption in breast carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Hunt, N C A; Fujikawa, Y.; Sabokbar, A.; Itonaga, I; Harris, A.; Athanasou, N. A.

    2001-01-01

    The cellular mechanisms that account for the increase in osteoclast numbers and bone resorption in skeletal breast cancer metastasis are unclear. Osteoclasts are marrow-derived cells which form by fusion of mononuclear phagocyte precursors that circulate in the monocyte fraction. In this study we have determined whether circulating osteoclast precursors are increased in number or have an increased sensitivity to humoral factors for osteoclastogenesis in breast cancer patients with skeletal me...

  20. A resorption cycle for the cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: A novel resorption cycle driven by low grade heat for cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration is studied. The cycle features in high exergy efficiency, very little or no ammonia liquid inside and simple structure. Highlights: ? A resorption cogeneration cycle for electricity and refrigeration is proposed. ? The cycle improved refrigeration COP by 10 times compared with Goswami cycle. ? The highest exergy efficiency of the cogeneration cycle is as high as 0.9. ? The cycle also features in safety and simple structure. - Abstract: This paper describes a novel resorption cycle driven by the low grade heat for the cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration, which is based on ammonia adsorption refrigeration technology. The presented cycle features a variable endothermic process which stands for higher adaptability if compared with the traditional Rankine cycle, very little or no ammonia liquid in the system which is a safety feature, solid adsorbents inside the beds, and simple structure for the fact of no rectifying equipment and circulation pumps required by the working fluids. This cycle can be utilised for the heat source with the temperature higher than 100 C, and it has an electricity generation exergy efficiency of up to 0.69 and a refrigeration coefficient of performance (COP) of up to 0.77. If compared with the Goswami cycle, which is established based on the absorption Kalina cycle for the cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration, the novel resorption cycle kept the merit of the high exergy efficiency for electricity generation, meanwhile, it overcame the limitation of the low refrigeration coefficient of performance (COP) of Goswami cycle, and improved the COP by 10 times. The optimum overall exergy efficiency is as high as 0.9, which is 4060% improved compared with the Goswami cycle under the same working conditions

  1. Hydroxyapatite Nanopowder Synthesis with a Programmed Resorption Rate

    OpenAIRE

    Dariusz Smoleń; Tadeusz Chudoba; Stanisław Gierlotka; Aleksandra Kedzierska; Witold Łojkowski; Kamil Sobczak; Wojciech Święszkowski; Krzysztof Jan Kurzydłowski

    2012-01-01

    A microwave, solvothermal synthesis of hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanopowder with a programmed material resorption rate was developed. The aqueous reaction solution was heated by a microwave radiation field with high energy density. The measurements included powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and the density, specific surface area (SSA), and chemical composition as specified by the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry technique (ICP-OES). The morphology and structure were investiga...

  2. Management of Internal Root Resorption on Permanent Teeth

    OpenAIRE

    Elisabeth Nilsson; Eric Bonte; François Bayet; Jean-Jacques Lasfargues

    2013-01-01

    Internal root resorption (IRR) is a particular category of pulp disease characterized by the loss of dentine as a result of the action of clastic cells stimulated by pulpal inflammation. This review article explains the etiology, the prevalence of IRR, and, in addition to the clinical data, the contribution of the three-dimensional imaging (CBCT) to the diagnosis, the clinical decision, and the therapeutic management of IRR. The authors discussed the various therapeutic options including the ...

  3. The aetiopathogenesis of feline osteoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL)

    OpenAIRE

    Delaurier, A. F.

    2003-01-01

    External feline osteoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL) of the tooth occur in 20-75% of domestic cats. Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of FORL increases with age, and premolars and molars are the most commonly affected teeth. However, the aetiological mechanisms of tooth destruction in FORL are unknown. In this study, the normal surface anatomy of the tooth, and the surface features of early and advanced FORL were described using scanning electron microscop...

  4. Surgical and prosthetic management of ridge deficiency for an implant-supported restoration in the esthetic zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadimitriou, Dimitrios E V; Chochlidakis, Konstantinos M; Weitz, Daniel S; Wazirian, Berge; Ercoli, Carlo

    2014-09-01

    This clinical report presents the surgical and prosthetic management of a patient with complex needs involving anterior implants. After extraction and ridge augmentation, unexpected ridge resorption occurred. Two implants were placed in conjunction with an allograft skin material. Upon healing, 2 additional soft tissue augmentation procedures were performed with autologous pedicle connective tissue grafts to correct the residual ridge deficiency. At the second stage surgery, a modified flap approach was used to further enhance the soft tissue volume and contour. Definitive implant-supported splinted crowns with minimal interproximal pink ceramic material were provided. PMID:24819524

  5. Developmentally regulated monocyte recruitment and bone resorption are modulated by functional deletion of the monocytic chemoattractant protein-1 gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, D T; Alsulaimani, F; Ding, Y; Marks, S C

    2002-08-01

    Tooth eruption involves the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar bone to its functional position in the oral cavity. Because this process is dependent upon monocytes and formation of osteoclasts, it represents an excellent model for examination of these processes under developmental regulation. We investigated the functional role of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in monocyte recruitment and its impact on bone resorption by examining each parameter in MCP-1(-/-) mice as compared with wild-type controls during tooth eruption. The peak number of monocytes occurred on day 5 in the MCP-1(-/-) mice and on day 9 in the wild-type mice. The peak number of osteoclasts followed the same pattern, occurring sooner in the MCP-1(-/-) (day 5) than in wild-type mice (day 9). Consistent with this, MCP-1(-/-) mice had an accelerated rate of tooth eruption in the early phase when the teeth first entered the oral cavity as compared with the wild-type mice. However, there was accelerated eruption in the wild-type group in the later phase of tooth eruption. When examined at the molecular level, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and interleukin-11 and -6 were expressed at considerably higher levels in the experimental group with accelerated tooth eruption. This is the first report identifying these factors as potential modulators of bone resorption that can accelerate the rate of tooth eruption. We conclude that, at early timepoints, monocyte recruitment occurs by MCP-1-independent mechanisms. However, at a later timepoint, MCP-1 may play a contributory role in the recruitment of monocytic cells, allowing the wild-type animals to catch up. PMID:12151080

  6. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in children with histomorphological review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. K. Nema

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS are aggressive malignant neoplasm of mesenchymal origin, related to skeletal muscle lineage. These are the most common soft tissue tumors in children. The diagnosis is made by microscopic analysis and ancillary techniques like immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, cytogenetics and molecular biology. We encountered a case of a 03 years old child who presented with a tender, reddish, soft swelling over cheek for three weeks. The FNAC was reported as a small round cell tumor, Probably Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (PNET. The biopsy of tumor revealed a small round cell tumor with an alveolar pattern. Tumor giant cells were absent and mitotic figures were infrequent. Hence, differentials of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma and PNET were rendered. Immunohistochemistry (IHC demonstrated desmin positivity. Thus, a final diagnosis of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma was offered. [Int J Res Med Sci 2014; 2(2.000: 775-778

  7. Remodeling of alveolar septa after murine pneumonectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ysasi, Alexandra B; Wagner, Willi L; Bennett, Robert D; Ackermann, Maximilian; Valenzuela, Cristian D; Belle, Janeil; Tsuda, Akira; Konerding, Moritz A; Mentzer, Steven J

    2015-06-15

    In most mammals, removing one lung (pneumonectomy) results in the compensatory growth of the remaining lung. In mice, stereological observations have demonstrated an increase in the number of mature alveoli; however, anatomic evidence of the early phases of alveolar growth has remained elusive. To identify changes in the lung microstructure associated with neoalveolarization, we used tissue histology, electron microscopy, and synchrotron imaging to examine the configuration of the alveolar duct after murine pneumonectomy. Systematic histological examination of the cardiac lobe demonstrated no change in the relative frequency of dihedral angle components (Ends, Bends, and Junctions) (P > 0.05), but a significant decrease in the length of a subset of septal ends ("E"). Septal retraction, observed in 20-30% of the alveolar ducts, was maximal on day 3 after pneumonectomy (P < 0.01) and returned to baseline levels within 3 wk. Consistent with septal retraction, the postpneumonectomy alveolar duct diameter ratio (Dout:Din) was significantly lower 3 days after pneumonectomy compared to all controls except for the detergent-treated lung (P < 0.001). To identify clumped capillaries predicted by septal retraction, vascular casting, analyzed by both scanning electron microscopy and synchrotron imaging, demonstrated matted capillaries that were most prominent 3 days after pneumonectomy. Numerical simulations suggested that septal retraction could reflect increased surface tension within the alveolar duct, resulting in a new equilibrium at a higher total energy and lower surface area. The spatial and temporal association of these microstructural changes with postpneumonectomy lung growth suggests that these changes represent an early phase of alveolar duct remodeling. PMID:26078396

  8. Increased alveolar plasminogen activator in early asbestosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantin, A.; Allard, C.; Begin, R.

    1989-03-01

    Alveolar macrophage-derived plasminogen activator (PA) activity is decreased in some chronic interstitial lung diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis but increased in experimental models of acute alveolitis. Although asbestos fibers can stimulate alveolar macrophages (AM) to release PA in vitro, the effect of chronic asbestos exposure of the lower respiratory tract on lung PA activity remains unknown. The present study was designed to evaluate PA activity of alveolar macrophages and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in asbestos-exposed sheep and asbestos workers. Forty-three sheep were exposed to either 100 mg UICC chrysotile B asbestos in 100 ml phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or to 100 ml PBS by tracheal infusion every 2 wk for 18 months. At Month 18, chest roentgenograms were analyzed and alveolar macrophage and extracellular fluid PA activity were measured in samples obtained by BAL. Alveolar macrophage PA activity was increased in the asbestos-exposed sheep compared to control sheep (87.2 +/- 17.3 versus 41.1 +/- 7.2 U/10(5) AM-24 h, p less than 0.05) as was the BAL fluid PA activity (674.9 +/- 168.4 versus 81.3 +/- 19.7 U/mg alb-24 h, p less than 0.01). Among the asbestos-exposed sheep, 10 had normal chest roentgenograms (Group SA) and 15 had irregular interstitial opacities (Group SB). Strikingly, whereas Group SA did not differ from the control group in BAL cellularity or PA activity, Group SB had marked increases in alveolar macrophages (p less than 0.005), AM PA activity (p less than 0.02), and BAL PA activity (p less than 0.001) compared to the control group.

  9. Compression-absorption (resorption) refrigerating machinery. Modeling of reactors; Machine frigorifique a compression-absorption (resorption). Modelisation des reacteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lottin, O.; Feidt, M.; Benelmir, R. [LEMTA-UHP Nancy-1, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper is a series of transparencies presenting a comparative study of the thermal performances of different types of refrigerating machineries: di-thermal with vapor compression, tri-thermal with moto-compressor, with ejector, with free piston, adsorption-type, resorption-type, absorption-type, compression-absorption-type. A prototype of ammonia-water compression-absorption heat pump is presented and modeled. (J.S.)

  10. Iatrogenic injury to the inferior alveolar nerve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillerup, Søren

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this prospective, non-randomised, descriptive study is to characterise the neurosensory deficit and associated neurogenic discomfort in 52 patients with iatrogenic injury to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). All patients were examined and followed up according to a protocol...... assessing tactile, thermal, and positional perception as well as two-point discrimination and pain. In 48 patients with IAN injuries of differing etiologies who did not undergo surgery, 32 patients with injury associated with third molar surgery exhibited significant spontaneous improvement of sensory...... injuries associated with third molar surgery, other dento-alveolar surgery or implant surgery occur sufficiently often to render prevention a key issue....

  11. [Corticoids and alveolar surfactant. Experimental study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardellino, G; Dalmasso, F; Garbagni, R; Sappé, D

    1975-08-01

    The effect of cortisone on the production of surfactant was studied by measuring the tensioactive property of the alveolar fluid, evaluated with Pattle's method. The stability ratio (R.S.) values obtained in 12 guinea-pigs following cortisone administration were all within normal limits. In rabbits treated with prednisolone during a number of fast days, S.R. values were lower than normal in 9 cases out of 10. The results of this study would seem to exclude any influence of the administration of cortisone on the activity of the alveolar surfactant. PMID:1173939

  12. Adaptive Multivariate Ridge Regression

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, P.J.; Zidek, J. V.

    1980-01-01

    A multivariate version of the Hoerl-Kennard ridge regression rule is introduced. The choice from among a large class of possible generalizations is guided by Bayesian considerations; the result is implicitly in the work of Lindley and Smith although not actually derived there. The proposed rule, in a variety of equivalent forms is discussed and the choice of its ridge matrix considered. As well, adaptive multivariate ridge rules and closely related empirical Bayes procedures are presented, th...

  13. Scanning Electron Microscopy Evaluation of Dental Root Resorption Associated With Granuloma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chieruzzi, Manila; Pagano, Stefano; De Carolis, Carlo; Eramo, Stefano; Kenny, Jos M

    2015-10-01

    The inflammatory resorption of dental root apex (i.e., the process of removal of cementum and/or dentine through the activity of resorbing cells) may show different configurations and damage the apical root structure. As knowing the morphology of resorption areas of human teeth is essential for the success of endodontic treatments, we investigated the apical resorption by scanning electron microscopy, focusing on roots with granulomas. A total of 30 teeth (with penetrating carious lesions and chronic periapical lesions) were examined, the apical third of the roots were removed and analyzed to estimate periforaminal and foraminal resorption, shape and morphology of foramen resorption, centering of the periforaminal resorption area, and diameters of each apical foramen. Periforaminal resorption was present in all samples, whereas foraminal resorption was present in 92% of cases (mainly funnel shaped). Lacunae were observed in the foraminal resorption area with an average diameter of 3514 ?m. The major and minor diameters of the foramina in teeth with resorption were 443 and 313 ?m, respectively (higher than in healthy teeth). This result indicates an expansion of the apical diameters caused by the pathology, which could encourage a different clinical instrumentation for these teeth. PMID:26235380

  14. Selective alveolar corticotomy to intrude overerupted molars.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Dauro Douglas; de Oliveira, Bruno Franco; de Arajo Brito, Helio Henrique; de Souza, Margareth Maria Gomes; Medeiros, Paulo Jos

    2008-06-01

    Orthodontic intrusion of overerupted molars in adults is challenging for most clinicians. Efficient intrusion can be achieved by combining selective alveolar corticotomies with a modified full-coverage maxillary splint to reduce surgical risks, treatment time, and costs for both orthodontists and patients. PMID:18538256

  15. [Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis--a clinical case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murgoci, G; Galbenu, P; Anastasatu, O; Nichita, E; Ene, V

    1997-01-01

    A new case of alveolar microlithiasis is reported, demanding for the diagnosis besides the radio-clinical investigations, complete respiratory function tests, also the pathologic proof. Authors recall the diagnostic approach and our present ignorance of the pathogenesis of this curious entity; no valid therapy is presently able to check the relentless course toward progressive respiratory failure. PMID:9654968

  16. Orthodontic treatment in patient with idiopathic root resorption: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Rey

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Multiple idiopathic external root resorption is a rare pathological condition usually detected as an incidental radiographic finding. External root resorption of permanent teeth is a multifactorial process related to several local and systemic factors. If an etiological factor cannot be identified for root resorption, the term "idiopathic" is applied. This report presents a case of multiple idiopathic apical root resorption. The condition was found in a young female patient seeking orthodontic treatment due to malocclusion. This kind of resorption starts apically and progresses coronally, causing a gradual shortening and rounding of the remaining root. Patients with this condition are not the ideal candidates for orthodontic treatment; however, the aim of this report is to describe an unusual case of idiopathic root resorption involving the entire dentition, and to present the orthodontic treatment of this patient. It describes the progress and completion of orthodontic therapy with satisfactory end results.

  17. A Comparison of Panoramic, Periapical and Bite Wing Radiographies in Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Loss in Periodiontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Haerian Ardakani

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The height of the alveolar bone, is normally maintained by equilibrium between bone formation and bone resorption, but in periodontal disease more destruction or lack of bone formation will reduce the alveolar bone height. However the radiography is important in diagnosis, treatment plan and detection of quality and quantity of the alveolar bone; although the type of radiography is more important. The purpose of this study is the comparison between panaromic, P.A (Parallel, Bite Wing radiographs in diagnosis of periodontitis. Methods: This study was descriptive cross-Sectional study Periapical (PA, Bitewing (B.W & Panoramic radiographic images in 32 pationent 13 male and 19 female with moderate to advanced periodontitis (mean age 38 year were taken before surgical treatment. Actual hight of defect were measured by a William's probe during surgery, the distance between cemento enamel junction (CEJ and alveolar crest were measured on radiographs using a digital vernie scale as will as. Actual measurements were compared with values taken from panoramic PA, B.W radiographs. For Data analysis Paired t test was used. Results: A total of 314 linear distances from the panoramic PA , B.W, and CEJ/BL were measured. The mean difference between panoramic and actual Measurements (0.115 and 0.28 P=(0.24-0.07, were not satistically significant (P> 0.05. The mean difference between P.A and actual measurements (0.279-0.498 P=(0.0001-0.004 showed a satistically significant difference (P< 0.05. The mean deference between BW and actual Measurements (0.576-0.613 P=(0.24-0.07 were satistically significant (P<0.05. Conclusion: Although, all forms of radiographic images showed agreement in detection of periodontal bone loss, the accuracy of panoramic radiographs was more than PA & BW radiographs'. Specially when the magnification was adjusted in panoramic radiography.

  18. Rapid maxillary expansion in alveolar cleft repaired with a tissue-engineered bone in a canine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jialiang; Tian, Bo; Chu, Fengting; Yang, Chenjie; Zhao, Jun; Jiang, Xinquan; Qian, Yufen

    2015-08-01

    This study aims to investigate the effects of orthodontic expansion on graft area of a tissue-engineered bone (TEB) BMSCs/?-TCP, and to find an alternative strategy for the therapy of alveolar cleft. A unilateral alveolar cleft canine model was established and then treated with BMSCs/?-TCP under rapid maxillary expansion (RME). Sequential fluorescent labeling, radiography and helical computed tomography were used to evaluate new bone formation and mineralization in the graft area. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Van Gieson?s picro fuchsin staining were performed for histological and histomorphometric observation. ALP activity, mineralization and the expression of osteogenic differentiation related genes of BMSCs that grew on the ?-TCP scaffold were promoted by their cultivation in osteogenic medium. Based on fact, TEB was constructed. After 8 weeks of treatment with BMSCs/?-TCP followed by RME, new bone formation and mineralization of the dogs were markedly accelerated, and bone resorption was significantly reduced, compared with the untreated dogs, or those only treated with autogenous iliac bone. The treatment with both TEB and RME evidently made the bone trabecula more abundant and the area of bone formation larger. What is more, there were no significant differences between BMSCs/?-TCP group and the group treated with autogenous bone and RME. This study further revealed that TEB was not only a feasible clinical approach for patients with alveolar cleft, but also a potential substituent of autogenous bone, and its combination with RME might be an alternative strategy for the therapy of alveolar cleft. PMID:25913611

  19. Ridge regression revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Boer, P.M.C.; HAFNER, Christian

    2005-01-01

    We argue in this paper that general ridge (GR) regression implies no major complication compared with simple ridge regression. We introduce a generalization of an explicit GR estimator derived by Hemmerle and by Teekens and de Boer and show that this estimator, which is more conservative, performs better than the Hoerl and Kennard estimator in terms of a weighted quadratic loss criterion.

  20. Association of orthodontic force system and root resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roscoe, Marina G; Meira, Josete B C; Cattaneo, Paolo M

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In this systematic review, we assessed the literature to determine which evidence level supports the association of orthodontic force system and root resorption. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases were searched with no restrictions on year, publication status, or language....... Selection criteria included human studies conducted with fixed orthodontic appliances or aligners, with at least 10 patients and the force system well described. RESULTS: A total of 259 articles were retrieved in the initial search. After the review process, 21 full-text articles met the inclusion criteria...

  1. Ischemic Stroke in Rats Enhances Bone Resorption in Vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, Myung Eun; Lee, Jong In; Im, Sun; Park, Joo Hyun

    2011-01-01

    We hypothesized that the formation and differentialtion of osteoclasts are accelerated and the potential of bone resorption is increased in the hemiplegic bone marrow in the early stage of stroke. We randomly divided white female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 30) into two groups, stroke (n = 15) and sham group (n = 15). On the 7th day after stroke, after cutting away the epiphyses of the femurs and tibias, diaphyseal channels were flushed using α-minimum essential medium (α-MEM) and bone marr...

  2. Management of Inflammatory Internal Root Resorption with Biodentine and Thermoplasticised Gutta-Percha

    OpenAIRE

    Girish Umashetty; Upendra Hoshing; Suvarna Patil; Nishant Ajgaonkar

    2015-01-01

    Internal root resorption is a chronic inflammatory process initiated within the pulp space with the loss of dentin. This condition demands a comprehensive understanding of the pathologic process, so as to identify the cause and arrest the resorptive phenomena. It is a rare occurrence, asymptomatic, with slow progression, detected through routine radiographic examination, where it appears as a radiolucent lesion. This paper reports a clinical case of inflammatory internal root resorption in th...

  3. Evidence of Increased Bone Resorption in Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Using Urinary Pyridinium Crosslink Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Stevenson, David A.; SCHWARZ, ELISABETH L.; Viskochil, David H; Moyer-Mileur, Laurie J.; Murray, Mary; FIRTH, SEAN D.; DASTOUS, JACQUES L.; Carey, John C.; PASQUALI, MARZIA

    2008-01-01

    Although neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a neuro-cutaneous disorder, skeletal abnormalities such as long-bone dysplasia, scoliosis, sphenoid wing dysplasia, and osteopenia are observed. To investigate the role of bone resorption as a mechanism for the bony abnormalities, we selected urinary pyridinium crosslinks (collagen degradation products excreted in urine) as a measure of bone resorption in NF1. Bone resorption was evaluated by quantitative assessment of the urinary excretion of pyridi...

  4. Influence of the patients sex, type of dental prosthesis and antagonist on residual bone resorption at the level of the premaxilla

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barona-Dorado, Cristina; Martnez-Gonzlez, Mara-Jos-Sandra; Lpez-Quiles-Martnez, Juan; Martnez-Gonzlez, Jos-Mara

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: To analyze the height and width of the ridge at the level of the premaxilla in edentulous patients, evaluating whether the sex of the patient, type of prosthetic rehabilitation and antagonist have an influence. Material and Method: We randomly selected a total of 89 patients, having an average age of 66.21 years old. A total of 308 measurements were made, all of them at the level of the premaxilla, in the intercanine area. As dependent variables, we analyzed the patients sex, age and the antagonist: removable (dental) prostheses (RP), fixed (dental) prostheses (FD), natural dentition (ND). As independent variables, we measured the height and residual width in sagittal sections provided by tomographic studies using Dentascan. Results: We observed a significantly smaller ridge in women versus in men, and in patients whose antagonist was a fixed prosthesis; whereas for the type of prosthesis, we did not observe significant differences between the two categories analyzed. Conclusions: Bone resorption at the level of the premaxilla is a variable process in which a smaller size is observed (height and width) in women and when the antagonist is a fixed prosthesis. Key words: Bone resorption, premaxilla, dental prosthesis, edentulous. PMID:22157661

  5. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a neotropical rain forest of a nutrient-rich soil

    OpenAIRE

    José Luis Martínez-Sánchez

    2005-01-01

    In tropical forests with nutrient-rich soil tree’s nutrient resorption from senesced leaves has not always been observed to be low. Perhaps this lack of consistence is partly owing to the nutrient resorption methods used. The aim of the study was to analyse N and P resorption proficiency from tropical rain forest trees in a nutrient-rich soil. It was hypothesised that trees would exhibit low nutrient resorption in a nutrient-rich soil. The soil concentrations of total N and extractable P, amo...

  6. Management of external perforating root resorption by intentional replantation followed by Biodentine restoration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeti Jain Pruthi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Resorption of tooth structures can occur as a result of physiological, pathological, and idiopathic factors. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can prevent its serious complications. This case report presents surgical endodontic management of a trauma-induced perforating external root resorption, which was diagnosed with the help of cone beam computed tomography. Following root canal treatment, intentional replantation of the tooth was performed so as to expose the opening of the resorption defect to allow for complete debridement and closure. Eighteen months follow-up showed arrest of root resorption, and progressive healing of the defect.

  7. Management of external perforating root resorption by intentional replantation followed by Biodentine restoration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruthi, Preeti Jain; Dharmani, Umesh; Roongta, Ruchika; Talwar, Sangeeta

    2015-01-01

    Resorption of tooth structures can occur as a result of physiological, pathological, and idiopathic factors. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can prevent its serious complications. This case report presents surgical endodontic management of a trauma-induced perforating external root resorption, which was diagnosed with the help of cone beam computed tomography. Following root canal treatment, intentional replantation of the tooth was performed so as to expose the opening of the resorption defect to allow for complete debridement and closure. Eighteen months follow-up showed arrest of root resorption, and progressive healing of the defect. PMID:26604965

  8. Progression of root resorption following replantation of human teeth after extended extraoral storage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, L; Bodin, I; Srensen, S

    1989-02-01

    Avulsed human permanent teeth subjected to a minimum of 1 h dry extraoral storage before replantation were followed radiographically for an average of 4.8 years. The depth of root resorption cavities was assessed using a radiographic index, and the rate of root resorption was defined as the index change over time. The frequency of inflammatory and replacement resorption was determined at each observation time. Replacement resorption increased in frequency with time in all patients. In teeth endodontically treated within 3 weeks of replantation, minimal inflammatory resorption was found regardless of the age of the patients. In teeth where endodontic treatment was performed more than 3 weeks after replantation, the frequency of inflammatory resorption was significantly higher in young patients but not in older patients, up to more than 3 years after replantation. The rate of root resorption was found to be related to age. In patients 8-16 years old at the time of avulsion the rate of root resorption was significantly higher compared with patients 17-39 years old. Age had a higher impact on the rate of root resorption compared with the delay in endodontic treatment after replantation. It was concluded that a tooth replanted with a necrotic periodontal membrane will become ankylosed and resorbed within 3-7 years in young patients, whereas a tooth replanted under similar conditions in older patients may remain in function for a considerably longer time. PMID:2598883

  9. [The OPG/RANKL/RANK system and bone resorptive disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ji-Zhong; Ji, Zong-Ling; Chen, Su-Min

    2003-11-01

    The OPG/RANKL/RANK system plays an important role in osteoclastogenesis and represents a great progress in bone biology. RANKL, which expresses on the surface of osteoblast/stromal cells and activated T cells, binds to RANK on the osteoclastic precursors or mature osteoclasts, and promotes osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. While osteoprotegerin (OPG), which is expressed by osteoblasts/stromal cells, strongly inhibits bone resorption by binding to its ligand RANKL and thereby blocks the interaction between BANKL and RANK. A number of cytokines and hormones exert their effects on bone metabolism by regulating the OPG/RANKL ratio in the bone marrow microenvironment. RANK is also expressed on mammary epithelial cells and RANKL expression in these cells is induced by pregnancy hormones, RANKL and RANK are essential for the formation of the lactating mammary gland and the transmission of maternal calcium to neonates in mammalian species. Modulation of these systems provides a unique opportunity to develop novel therapeutics to inhibit bone loss in osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and bone metastasis of cancer. Further research should be focused on the cooperation of OPG/RANKL/RANK system with other signal pathways and the interactions among bone remodeling, immune system and endocrinology system. Currently, the development of OPG analogues or compounds which may stimulate OPG expression is becoming an attractive industry which may be profitable to both patients and manufacturers. PMID:15971575

  10. Molecular Aspects of Bone Resorption in β-Thalassemia Major

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Najmaldin Saki

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available β-thalassemia is the most common single gene disorder worldwide, in which hemoglobin β-chain production is decreased. Today, the life expectancy of thalassemic patients is increased because of a variety of treatment methods; however treatment related complications have also increased. The most common side effect is osteoporosis, which usually occurs in early adulthood as a consequence of increased bone resorption. Increased bone resorption mainly results from factors such as delayed puberty, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, ineffective hematopoiesis as well as hyperplasia of the bone marrow, parathyroid gland dysfunction, toxic effect of iron on osteoblasts, growth hormone (GH and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1 deficiency. These factors disrupt the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts by interfering with various molecular mechanisms and result in decreased bone density. Given the high prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in thalassemic patients and complexity of their development process, the goal of this review is to evaluate the molecular aspects involved in osteopenia and osteoporosis in thalassemic patients, which may be useful for therapeutic purposes.

  11. Molecular Aspects of Bone Resorption in β-Thalassemia Major.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saki, Najmaldin; Abroun, Saeid; Salari, Fatemeh; Rahim, Fakher; Shahjahani, Mohammad; Javad, Mohammadi-Asl

    2015-01-01

    β-thalassemia is the most common single gene disorder worldwide, in which hemoglobin β-chain production is decreased. Today, the life expectancy of thalassemic patients is increased because of a variety of treatment methods; however treatment related complications have also increased. The most common side effect is osteoporosis, which usually occurs in early adulthood as a consequence of increased bone resorption. Increased bone resorption mainly results from factors such as delayed puberty, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, ineffective hematopoiesis as well as hyperplasia of the bone marrow, parathyroid gland dysfunction, toxic effect of iron on osteoblasts, growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) deficiency. These factors disrupt the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts by interfering with various molecular mechanisms and result in decreased bone density. Given the high prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in thalassemic patients and complexity of their development process, the goal of this review is to evaluate the molecular aspects involved in osteopenia and osteoporosis in thalassemic patients, which may be useful for therapeutic purposes. PMID:26199898

  12. The Importance of Immediate Bone Block Autograft to Successfully Restore the Function and Aesthetic of the Anterior Alveolar Process and Teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singer, Lawrence David

    2015-12-01

    Maxillofacial traumatic injuries can damage the jaw, teeth, and soft tissues of the head and neck region. When these injuries occur, best practice is to reconstruct as comprehensively as is clinically prudent at time of injury. Smart and efficient procedures during the initial surgery can minimize subsequent reconstructive procedures in scope and number, minimize expense, and result in a better final aesthetic and functional outcome. Restoration of anterior alveolar jaw fractures with comminuted or avulsed segments becomes a complex prospect when left untreated after initial trauma or injury and can result in alveolar ridge defects that are difficult, costly, and cumbersome to repair. This case report details one 19-year-old woman who had a traumatic injury in these areas and has a best result outcome because of immediate reconstruction efforts involving a bone block autograft to preserve alveolar process anatomy. PMID:24689697

  13. Tcnica de Separacin de Reborde Alveolar en Regin Posterior de Mandbula con Implante Inmediato / Splint Crest Technique for Alveolar Bone in Posterior Region of Mandible with Immediate Implant

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Leandro, Pozzer; Luca, Cavalieri-Pereira; Sergio, Olate; Jose, Albergaria Barbosa; Luciana, Asprino; Marcio, de Moraes.

    Full Text Available La implantologa actual ha evolucionado rpidamente diseando nuevas tcnicas para tratar situaciones clnicas criticas; la reabsorcin sea presenta un constante desafo para la instalacin de implantes dentales. Se presenta un caso clnico donde se utilizo la tcnica de separacin alveolar en el s [...] ector posterior de mandbula en conjunto con la instalacin de implantes dentales; la ciruga se desarrollo con anestesia local de forma exitosa. Con un seguimiento de 10 meses se presenta de forma optima demostrando la eficiencia de la tcnica. Son discutidos aspectos relevantes de la ciruga as como tambin los elementos que podran ayudar a optimizar los resultados postquirrgicos. Abstract in english Nowadays, dental implantology presents an evolution with new techniques for treatment of critical situation; bone resorption is a challenge for dental implant installation.This paper presents a case with the splint crest technique in the posterior area of mandible with installation of dental implant [...] ; the surgery was done with local anesthesia with success of procedure. A 10 month follow-up show good results presenting the efficiency of this technique.We discussed relevant aspects of the technique and other situations to improve surgical options and results.

  14. Familial adult onset primary alveolar hypoventilation syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funada, Y; Nishimura, Y; Kamemura, K; Nakajima, T; Tsuchiya, T; Nishiuma, T; Kotani, Y; Yamanaka, Y; Ohnishi, Y; Yokoyama, M

    2001-06-01

    A 41-year-old man fell into type II respiratory failure after catching a cold, and became dependent on a respirator. Chest radiography showed no abnormalities and the hyperventilation test showed improved arterial blood gas findings. His sleep study showed marked nocturnal desaturation due to hypopnea and apnea with a decrease of thoracic and abdominal movement during sleep. Therefore, we diagnosed him as primary alveolar hypoventilation syndrome (PAH). Seven years previously, his 2-year elder sister had suffered from similar respiratory failure during her second pregnancy and had been diagnosed as PAH. While myopathy was suspected in both cases, attenuation of muscle strength was slight and it appeared not to be the main cause of alveolar hypoventilation. Since medication was not effective in each case, they underwent non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV). While sustained mild hypercapnia remained during the daytime, it improved their respiratory failure. To our knowledge, this is the first study of familial adult onset PAH. PMID:11446680

  15. Phagocytic properties of lung alveolar wall cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanaka,Akisuke

    1974-04-01

    Full Text Available For the purpose to define the mechanism of heavy metal intoxication by inhalation, morphologic observations were made on rat lungs after nasal instillation of iron colloid particles of positive and negative electric charges. Histochemical observation was also made on the liver and spleen of these animals. The instilled iron colloid particles reach the alveolar cavity easily, as can be seen in the tissue sections stained by Prussian blue reaction. Alveolar macrophages do take up them avidly both of positive and negative charges, though much less the positive particles than negative ones. In contrast, the alveolar epithelial cells take up solely positive particles by phagocytosis but not negative ones. Electron microscope observation revealed that the positive particles are ingested by Type I epithelial cells by pinocytosis and by Type II cells by phagocytosis as well. Then the iron colloid particles are transferred into the basement membrane by exocytosis. Travelling through the basement membrane they are again taken up by capillary endothelial cells by phagocytosis. Some particles were found in the intercellular clefts of capillary endothelial cells but not any iron colloid particles in the intercellular spaces of epithelial cells and in the capillary lumen. However, the liver and spleen tissues of the animals given iron colloid showed a strong positive iron reaction. On the basis of these observations, the mechanism of acute intoxication by inhaling heavy metal dusts like lead fume is discussed from the view point of selective uptake of alveolar epithelial and capillary endothelial cells for the particles of the positive electric cha'rge.

  16. Silica binding and toxicity in alveolar macrophages

    OpenAIRE

    HAMILTON, RAYMOND F.; Thakur, Sheetal A.; Holian, Andrij

    2007-01-01

    Inhalation of the crystalline form of silica is associated with a variety of pathologies from acute lung inflammation to silicosis, in addition to autoimmune disorders and cancer. Basic science researchers looking at the mechanisms involved with the earliest initiators of disease are focused on how the alveolar macrophage (AM) interacts with the inhaled silica particle and the consequences of silica-induced toxicity on the cellular level. Based on experimental results, several rationales have...

  17. Management of maxillary alveolar process fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shukhrat Boymuradov

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Incidence of maxillofacial traumas is reported steadily increasing, maxillary fractures being extremely severe. Maxillary alveolar process (AP and front teeth are traumatized more frequently than any other parts of the maxilla. Deprivation of teeth and AP post-traumatic flaw as well as loss of alveolar height not only create a cosmetic defect but also complicate subsequent prosthetics of the patients. The work was initiated to assess efficacy of “CollapAn L” in comparison with a combination of “Osteon”, an osteoplastic material, and “Colla Guide” resorbable membrane in prevention of AP post-traumatic flaws and deformities. 60 patients aged from 16 to 47 with the comminuted fractures of maxillary AP emergently hospitalized were examined and treated. The findings showed that Combination of “Osteon” and “Colla Guide” resorbable membrane is the one to increase efficacy of the treatment, facilitating preservation of and alveolar crest height and shape. In addition, preservation of bone tissue mineralization helps avoid risk of the bone wound inflammatory morbidity.

  18. Ridge Regression Signal Processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhl, Mark R.

    1990-01-01

    The introduction of the Global Positioning System (GPS) into the National Airspace System (NAS) necessitates the development of Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) techniques. In order to guarantee a certain level of integrity, a thorough understanding of modern estimation techniques applied to navigational problems is required. The extended Kalman filter (EKF) is derived and analyzed under poor geometry conditions. It was found that the performance of the EKF is difficult to predict, since the EKF is designed for a Gaussian environment. A novel approach is implemented which incorporates ridge regression to explain the behavior of an EKF in the presence of dynamics under poor geometry conditions. The basic principles of ridge regression theory are presented, followed by the derivation of a linearized recursive ridge estimator. Computer simulations are performed to confirm the underlying theory and to provide a comparative analysis of the EKF and the recursive ridge estimator.

  19. Minimax Ridge Regression Estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Casella, George

    1980-01-01

    The technique of ridge regression, first proposed by Hoerl and Kennard, has become a popular tool for data analysts faced with a high degree of multicollinearity in their data. By using a ridge estimator, one hopes to both stabilize one's estimates (lower the condition number of the design matrix) and improve upon the squared error loss of the least squares estimator. Recently, much attention has been focused on the latter objective. Building on the work of Stein and others, Strawderman and T...

  20. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a neotropical rain forest of a nutrient-rich soil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Sánchez, José Luis

    2005-01-01

    In tropical forests with nutrient-rich soil tree's nutrient resorption from senesced leaves has not always been observed to be low. Perhaps this lack of consistence is partly owing to the nutrient resorption methods used. The aim of the study was to analyse N and P resorption proficiency from tropical rain forest trees in a nutrient-rich soil. It was hypothesised that trees would exhibit low nutrient resorption in a nutrient-rich soil. The soil concentrations of total N and extractable P, among other physical and chemical characteristics, were analysed in 30 samples in the soil surface (10 cm) of three undisturbed forest plots at 'Estaci6n de Biologia Los Tuxtlas' on the east coast of Mexico (18 degrees 34' - 18 degrees 36' N, 95 degrees 04' - 95 degrees 09' W). N and P resorption proficiency were determined from senescing leaves in 11 dominant tree species. Nitrogen was analysed by microkjeldahl digestion with sulphuric acid and distilled with boric acid, and phosphorus was analysed by digestion with nitric acid and perchloric acid. Soil was rich in total N (0.50%, n = 30) and extractable P (4.11 microg g(-1) n = 30). As expected, trees showed incomplete N (1.13%, n = 11) and P (0.11%, n = 1) resorption. With a more accurate method of nutrient resorption assessment, it is possible to prove that a forest community with a nutrient-rich soil can have low levels of N and P resorption. PMID:17354446

  1. Multiple external-internal resorptions as late effects of Thorium X (224Ra)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multiple external-internal resorptions are infrequent and are related to a variety of etiological factors. Thorium X (224Ra) is believed to cause the dental resorptive changes observed in two patients who had received a series of injections each containing 8 to 70 ?C1 of 224Ra 25 years previously. (author)

  2. Topographic Analysis of Europa's Ridges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bader, C. E.; Kattenhorn, S. A.; Schenk, P. M.

    2008-12-01

    Ridges are the most ubiquitous surface feature on Europa. Here we examine double ridges that have two parallel, raised flanks with a continuous axial trough (referred to as a ridge pair). Characterizing ridge edifices may help us better understand the processes that drive ridge formation and evolution. Because there is no global elevation map for Europa, topography was derived from high resolution (18 to 181 m/pixel) combined stereographic and photoclinometric images to create 265 topographic profiles across 24 features of interest. Ridge topography was examined across 22 ridge pairs (12 with apparent lateral offsets) and 2 ridge complexes, in the Bright Plains, Conamara Chaos, Cilix, Argadnel Regio, Rhadamanthys Linea, and the E17DISSTR01 (northwest of Katreus Linea) areas. Topographic profiles are oriented perpendicular to the strike of each ridge pair to capture height and width variations as well as to highlight asymmetry between adjacent ridges. We characterize ridges using ridge height and width (vertical and horizontal distance from the base of the ridge flank to the ridge peak), average ridge height (average of the individual peaks in a ridge pair), total ridge width (distance between the ridge's outer flanks), and peak-to-peak (PTP) width (distance between peaks in a ridge pair). Height-to-width ratios of 44 individual ridges fall within a wide range that never exceeds 0.53, implying a maximum outer slope of 28 degrees, slightly less than the suggested angle of repose of loose granular ice (~34 degrees). Most slopes are much gentler, between 10 and 20 degrees, which are significantly smaller than those presented in a prior study undertaken early in the Galileo imaging mission. In fact, we have found that ridges can be very wide and low with outer slopes of only a few degrees, implying that very few ridge morphologies are likely to be controlled by granular flow processes down their outer slopes. The ratio of average ridge height to total ridge width has a lower limit of 0.05 that corresponds to the widest ridge examined (4.05 km). Conversely, the upper limit of this ratio is 0.13, corresponding to the highest ridge examined (362 m). This raises the possibility that tall ridges modify their morphology through time through some form of gravitational collapse, thus decreasing the height, increasing the width, and decreasing the ridge slopes. The low slopes and overall low average height to total width ratios suggest predominantly time-dependent viscoplastic gravitational collapse. Variability between ridges may be related to the mechanisms driving ridge development (whether dilational, contractional, or shear heating), which are likely to influence the rate of ridge construction as well as the temperature (and hence rheology) of the icy material involved. We also observe a distinct upper limit of 0.58 for the ratio of average ridge height to PTP width, suggesting that once an active ridge exceeds a certain height, the ridge peaks begin to geomorphically migrate apart in order to maintain a limiting slope of the inner and outer flanks through gravitational collapse (whether it be granular flow or viscoplastic). Lower ratios of average ridge height to PTP width may indicate underdeveloped ridge heights but may also be a sign of dilation across a ridge, causing a tectonic increase in PTP width. Finally, variability in ratios of average height to total width along individual ridges indicates that some ridge pairs may have evolved differently along their lengths, an effect partially related to changes in ridge orientation along the observable length and associated variability in ridge kinematics.

  3. The influence of mandibular ridge anatomy on treatment outcome with conventional complete dentures

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jaiane A.M, Ribeiro; Camila M.B.M, de Resende; Ana L.C, Lopes; Arcelino, Farias-Neto; Adriana da F.P, Carreiro.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Visto que indicadores de prognostico sao uma ferramenta importante para a selecao de pacientes a serem tratados com protese total, este estudo investigou a influencia da forma e da resiliencia do rebordo alveolar mandibular sobre a retencao e estabilidade de proteses totais convencionais. Noventa e [...] tres pacientes desdentados portadores de proteses totais superior e inferior compuseram a amostra. Os dados foram coletados quanto a forma e resiliencia do rebordo mandibular. As proteses foram avaliadas para a retencao e estabilidade utilizando-se uma ferramenta objetiva e reproduzivel. As associacoes entre as caracteristicas clinicas do rebordo alveolar mandibular e retencao e estabilidade das proteses foram analisados por meio dos testes qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher (a = 0.05). Observou-se associacao significativa entre a forma do rebordo e a estabilidade da protese (p Abstract in english Since prognostic indicators are likely to take on increasing importance as a diagnostic tool for selection of patients for implant provision, this study investigated the influence of the shape and resiliency of the mandibular alveolar ridge on the retention and stability of conventional complete den [...] tures. Ninety- three edentulous patients wearing both maxillary and mandibular conventional complete dentures composed the sample. Data were collected regarding shape and resiliencyof the mandibular residual ridge. Dentures were assessed for retention and stability using an objective and reproducible tool.The associations between the clinical characteristics of the mandibular alveolar ridge and denture retention and stability were analyzed using chi-square and Fisher exact tests (a = 0.05). A significant association between ridge shape and denture stability (p

  4. Histological and morphometric aspects of ridge preservation with a moldable, in situ hardening bone graft substitute

    OpenAIRE

    Jurišić M.; Manojlović-Stojanoski Milica; Andrić M.; Koković V.; Danilović Vesna; Jurišić Tamara; Brković B.

    2013-01-01

    Biphasic calcium phosphates (BCP) are widely used in alveolar ridge regeneration as a porous scaffold for new bone formation. The aim of this case series was to evaluate the regenerative effect of the combination of BCP and polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) which can serve as a barrier membrane during bone regeneration. The study included five patients. Four months into the healing period, bone samples were collected for histological and morphometric analyses. The results of morphometric ...

  5. Self-inflating oral tissue expander for ridge augmentation in the severely atrophic mandible

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Sung-Ho; Choi, Sung-Keun; Jang, Jin-Hyun; Kim, Jin-Woo; Kim, Ji-Youn; Kim, Myung-Rae; KIM, Sun-Jong

    2013-01-01

    In dentistry, tissue expanders have been used to obtain sufficient soft tissue for alveolar bone augmentation in the severely atrophic ridge. Herein, we review two cases of soft tissue augmentation using a self-inflating tissue expander in patients in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital for bone graft and implant operations. The results of each patient were presented using pre-operative and post-operative radiographs and clinical exams. ...

  6. Non-Surgical Repair of Internal Resorption with MTA: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahed Mohammadi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Internal resorption is rare in permanent teeth. Treatment is usually performed through warm gutta-percha technique. If the resorptive process perforates the root, treatment may be more difficult and is usually performed via surgical approach. Non-surgical repair of a perforating internal root resorption with MTA was conducted in this case. Before repairing the resorption, a master gutta-percha point was placed in the canal to maintain negotiability of the original canal path. Then, MTA was prepared and applied with a small carrier in the resorption area and compacted. Thereafter gutta-percha was retrieved and the access cavity was closed with a temporary filling material. In the second visit, the root canal was obturated with gutta-percha and AH26 sealer using lateral compaction technique and subsequently, the crown was restored. The symptoms and signs ceased and the result was satisfactory at the 18 month follow-up visit.

  7. Foliar Nutrient Dynamics and Foliar Resorption in Quercus brantii Lindley along an Elevational Gradient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ertugrul Aksekili

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Foliar mass per area (mg dm-2 -based nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations, specific leaf mass (mg dm-2 and absolute and proportional resorption in Quercus brantii was investigated along a topographic gradient from 450 to 850 m altitude. Foliar N and P concentrations in Q. brantii exhibited significant differences with respect to topographic position and sampling dates in all of the studied parameters. A sharp decrease was observed from April to September in terms of Specific Leaf Mass (SLM values. However, mass per area-based absolute and proportional N resorption was lowest at 450 m, while absolute and proportional P resorption was lowest at 850 m. Significant correlations were found between mass per area-based leaf nutrient concentration and foliar resorption except for the correlations between absolute P resorption and foliar P concentrations at 450, 650 and 750 m during full-leaf expansion and 850 m during senescence, respectively.

  8. Ion transporters involved in acidification of the resorption lacuna in osteoclasts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, K.; Sorensen, M.G.; Jensen, V.K.; Nosjean, O.; Karsdal, M.A.; Dziegiel, Morten Hanefeld

    2008-01-01

    Osteoclasts possess a large amount of ion transporters, which participate in bone resorption; of these, the vacuolar-adenosine trisphosphatase (V-ATPase) and the chloride-proton antiporter ClC-7 acidify the resorption lacuna. However, whether other ion transporters participate in this process is ......, including carbonic anhydrase II, the NHEs, and potassium-chloride cotransporters, are all involved in resorption but do not seem to directly be involved in acidification of the lysosomes Udgivelsesdato: 2008/9......Osteoclasts possess a large amount of ion transporters, which participate in bone resorption; of these, the vacuolar-adenosine trisphosphatase (V-ATPase) and the chloride-proton antiporter ClC-7 acidify the resorption lacuna. However, whether other ion transporters participate in this process is...

  9. Management of Inflammatory Internal Root Resorption with Biodentine and Thermoplasticised Gutta-Percha

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umashetty, Girish; Hoshing, Upendra; Patil, Suvarna; Ajgaonkar, Nishant

    2015-01-01

    Internal root resorption is a chronic inflammatory process initiated within the pulp space with the loss of dentin. This condition demands a comprehensive understanding of the pathologic process, so as to identify the cause and arrest the resorptive phenomena. It is a rare occurrence, asymptomatic, with slow progression, detected through routine radiographic examination, where it appears as a radiolucent lesion. This paper reports a clinical case of inflammatory internal root resorption in the premolar tooth. Because it is asymptomatic, internal root resorption needs an early diagnosis in order to institute the endodontic treatment before the process compromises the remaining mineralized structures of the tooth. Biodentine was used to reinforce the weaker structures in the root. Thermoplasticised gutta-percha was used to completely obturate the defect. Ten-month follow-up showed arrest of internal root resorption. PMID:26579316

  10. Risk variables of external apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina Feio Barroso

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: External apical root resorption (EARR is an adverse outcome of the orthodontic treatment. So far, no single or associated factor has been identified as responsible for EARR due to tooth movement. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association of risk variables (age, gender, extraction for orthodontic treatment and Angle classification with EARR and orthodontic treatment. METHOD: The sample (n=72 was divided into two groups according to presence (n=32 or absence (n=40 of EARR in maxillary central and lateral incisors after orthodontic treatment. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in EARR according to age, gender, extraction or type of malocclusion (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: The risk variables examined were not associated with EARR in the study population.

  11. A resorption refrigerator driven by low grade thermal energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bao, H.S. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Wang, R.Z., E-mail: rzwang@sjtu.edu.c [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Wang, L.W. [Institute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Highlights: {yields} A resorption refrigerator employing MnCl{sub 2}-NH{sub 3} and NH{sub 4}Cl-NH{sub 3} was designed and investigated. {yields} The experiments were operated under different ambient temperatures from 20 to 35 {sup o}C. {yields} The refrigerator provided simultaneously two cooling levels: at 0-6 {sup o}C and at -16 {approx} -14.5 {sup o}C. {yields} With 3 h operation the total cooling capacity was 475 kJ per kg of NH{sub 4}Cl salt. {yields} The effective cooling production was 25-42% of the total cooling capacity. -- Abstract: A small refrigerator based on resorption technique, employed MnCl{sub 2} and NH{sub 4}Cl as sorbent salts and ammonia as refrigerant, was presented for simultaneously cooling at 0-6 {sup o}C and freezing at -16 to -14.5 {sup o}C in this work. The cooling capacity of this device was investigated by measuring the mass amount of the ice generated during a certain period of 3 h operation, and the experiments were conducted at different ambient temperature ranging from 20 {sup o}C to 35 {sup o}C. The total cooling capacity was calculated 475 kJ per kg of NH{sub 4}Cl salt, and the mean specific cooling power (SCP) was 43 W per kg of NH{sub 4}Cl salt, the effective cooling production responsible for making ice accounted for 25-42% of the total cooling capacity depending on the different operating conditions studied in this work.

  12. Ridge jump process in Iceland

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Sebastian

    2010-01-01

    Eastward ridge jumps bring the volcanic zones of Iceland back to the centre of the hotspot in response to the absolute westward drift of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Mantellic pulses triggers these ridge jumps. One of them is occurring in Southern Iceland, whereas the exact conditions of the last ridge jump in Northern Iceland remain controversial. The diachronous evolution of these two parts of Iceland may be related to the asymmetric plume-ridge interaction when comparing Northern and Southern I...

  13. Alcohol Induces Mitochondrial Redox Imbalance in Alveolar Macrophages

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, Yan; Harris, Frank L.; Jones, Dean P.; Brown, Lou Ann S.

    2013-01-01

    Alcohol abuse suppresses the immune responses of alveolar macrophages (AMs) and increases the risk of a respiratory infection via chronic oxidative stress and depletion of critical antioxidants within alveolar cells and the alveolar lining fluid. Although alcohol-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress has been demonstrated, the oxidation of the mitochondrial thioredoxin redox circuit in response to alcohol has not been examined. In vitro ethanol exposure of a mouse AM cell line and AMs from a...

  14. Human alveolar macrophages: effects of endotoxin in vitro.

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, W. B.; Barsoum, I. S.; Ramwell, P W; Yeager, H.

    1980-01-01

    Experiments were performed to evaluate the in vitro effects of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide on viability and function of human alveolar macrophages. Alveolar macrophages were obtained by fiberoptic bronchoscopy and saline bronchial lavage from 12 normal, nonsmoking volunteers. Cells were incubated with different concentrations of E. coli endotoxin for 1 and 24 h. Endotoxin (10 microgram/ml and more) was cytotoxic for alveolar macrophages after 24 h of incubation and induced significant...

  15. Bimaxillary protrusion with an atrophic alveolar defect: orthodontics, autogenous chin-block graft, soft tissue augmentation, and an implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Grace S C; Chang, Chris H N; Roberts, W Eugene

    2015-01-01

    Bimaxillary protrusion in a 28-year-old woman was complicated by multiple missing, restoratively compromised, or hopeless teeth. The maxillary right central incisor had a history of avulsion and replantation that subsequently evolved into generalized external root resorption with Class III mobility and severe loss of the supporting periodontium. This complex malocclusion had a discrepancy index of 21, and 8 additional points were scored for the atrophic dental implant site (maxillary right central incisor). The comprehensive treatment plan included extraction of 4 teeth (both maxillary first premolars, the maxillary right central incisor, and the mandibular right first molar), orthodontic closure of all spaces except for the future implant site (maxillary right central incisor), augmentation of the alveolar defect with an autogenous chin-block graft, enhancement of the gingival biotype with a connective tissue graft, and an implant-supported prosthesis. Orthodontists must understand the limitations of bone grafts. Augmented alveolar defects are slow to completely turn over to living bone, so they are usually good sites for implants but respond poorly to orthodontic space closure. However, postsurgical orthodontic treatment is often indicated to optimally finish the esthetic zone before placing the final prosthesis. The latter was effectively performed for this patient, resulting in a total treatment time of about 36 months for comprehensive interdisciplinary care. An excellent functional and esthetic result was achieved. PMID:25533077

  16. Association of type 2 diabetes mellitus with the reduction of mandibular residual ridge among edentulous patients using panoramic radiographs

    OpenAIRE

    Osama Al-Jabrah

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and the reduction of mandibular residual ridge in completely edentulous patients wearing complete dentures and to investigate the ef-fect of gender, age and years of edentulousness / den-ture wearing on ridge resorption on both groups. Methods:Seventy-two (36 men and 36 women) with a mean age 63.5 years (range of 52 to 73 years) com-pletely edentulous denture-wearing patients were included in this study. Of these, there w...

  17. Characteristic aspects of alveolar proteinosis diagnosis Aspectos característicos do diagnóstico da proteinose alveolar

    OpenAIRE

    Thiago Prudente Bártholo; José Gustavo Pugliese; Luiz Carlos Aguiar Vaz; Cláudia Henrique da Costa; Rogério Rufino

    2012-01-01

    Alveolar proteinosis is an uncommon pulmonary disease characterized by an accumulation of surfactant in terminal airway and alveoli, thereby impairing gas exchange and engendering respiratory insufficiency in some cases. Three clinically and etiologically distinct forms of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis are recognized: congenital, secondary and idiopathic, the latter corresponding to 90% of the cases. In this case report we present a young male patient that was diagnosed with alveolar protein...

  18. Root resorption after dental traumas: classification and clinical, radiographic and histologic aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Oliveira de Aguiar Santos

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: One of the most common sequelae observed after dental trauma is root resorption. Objective: The aim of this study was to classify and discuss the external root resorption after a dental trauma, based on a literature review. Literature review: A bibliographic search was performed in the following databases: Medline, PubMed, and Lilacs, from 1997 to 2010. The following descriptors were used: Root resorption, Dental trauma and Classification. From a total of 152 articles found, 25 were selected: 24 in English and 1 in Spanish. Classic articles were also used in our study. External root resorption after dental traumas can be divided into superficial, inflammatory and replacement. It can also be verified in primary dentition as physiological and atypical resorptions. Conclusion: Each type of resorption presents clinical features as well as radiographic and histological aspects. Therefore, the dentist should know these characteristics to perform an early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, minimizing the sequelae related to this problem. Moreover, in primary dentition, the differential diagnosis between physiological and pathological resorption is important to avoid over-treatment.

  19. Nostril Base Augmentation Effect of Alveolar Bone Graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woojin Lee

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background The aims of alveolar bone grafting are closure of the fistula, stabilization ofthe maxillary arch, support for the roots of the teeth adjacent to the cleft on each side.We observed nostril base augmentation in patients with alveolar clefts after alveolar bonegrafting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nostril base augmentation effect ofsecondary alveolar bone grafting in patients with unilateral alveolar cleft.Methods Records of 15 children with alveolar clefts who underwent secondary alveolar bonegrafting with autogenous iliac cancellous bone between March of 2011 and May of 2012 werereviewed. Preoperative and postoperative worm’s-eye view photographs and reconstructedthree-dimensional computed tomography (CT scans were used for photogrammetry. Thedepression of the nostril base and thickness of the philtrum on the cleft side were measuredin comparison to the normal side. The depression of the cleft side pyriform aperture wasmeasured in comparison to the normal side on reconstructed three-dimensional CT.Results Significant changes were seen in the nostril base (P=0.005, the philtrum length(P=0.013, and the angle (P=0.006. The CT measurements showed significant changes in thepyriform aperture (P<0.001 and the angle (P<0.001.Conclusions An alveolar bone graft not only fills the gap in the alveolar process but alsoaugments the nostril base after surgery. In this study, only an alveolar bone graft was performedto prevent bias from other procedures. Nostril base augmentation can be achieved byperforming alveolar bone grafts in children, in whom invasive methods are not advised.

  20. Oak Ridge national reservation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation is located on 37 000 acres in east Tennessee. The Oak Ridge facilities include the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Y-12 National Security Complex and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP - originally built as a uranium enrichment facility for defence programmes and originally named 'The Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant'. After World War II this plant was renamed Oak Ridge K-25 Site and produced enriched uranium for the commercial nuclear power industry from 1945 to 1985. It was renamed ETTP in 1987. The situation at this site is characterized by hundreds of contaminated buildings in deteriorating conditions. The water table is shallow at the site implying a short travel time of the contaminants. The overall strategy for cleanup of the Reservation is based on surface water considerations as the Reservation encompasses five distinct watersheds. The cleanup strategy is a risk-based approach that focuses first on those contaminant sources that are the greatest contributors of risk. The watershed approach is used to determine which sources are the worst contributors and therefore should be cleaned up as early as possible. At the end of site cleanup, planned by 2015, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory will continue to operate as a world-class research facility. Y-12 will continue to operate, fulfilling its national security mission. As cleanup of the East Tennessee Technology Park is completed DOE will transfer ownership of the uncontaminated buildings to the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET) which in turn will lease this property for immediate private industrial use. To further refine the overall cleanup strategy, a prioritization system has been developed to help guide decisions where investments should be made. The general priorities are as follows: (a) Mitigate immediate onsite and offsite risks; (b) Reduce offsite migration of contaminants; (c) Remediate sources of surface water and groundwater contamination; (d) Remediate remaining onsite contamination; (e) Demolish excess facilities

  1. Biogeographic patterns of nutrient resorption from Quercus variabilis Blume leaves across China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, X; Kang, H; Chen, H Y H; Björn, B; Samuel, B F; Liu, C

    2016-05-01

    The variation in nutrient resorption has been studied at different taxonomic levels and geographic ranges. However, the variable traits of nutrient resorption at the individual species level across its distribution are poorly understood. We examined the variability and environmental controls of leaf nutrient resorption of Quercus variabilis, a widely distributed species of important ecological and economic value in China. The mean resorption efficiency was highest for phosphorus (P), followed by potassium (K), nitrogen (N), sulphur (S), magnesium (Mg) and carbon (C). Resorption efficiencies and proficiencies were strongly affected by climate and respective nutrients concentrations in soils and green leaves, but had little association with leaf mass per area. Climate factors, especially growing season length, were dominant drivers of nutrient resorption efficiencies, except for C, which was strongly related to green leaf C status. In contrast, green leaf nutritional status was the primary controlling factor of leaf nutrient proficiencies, except for C. Resorption efficiencies of N, P, K and S increased significantly with latitude, and were negatively related to growing season length and mean annual temperature. In turn, N, P, K and S in senesced leaves decreased with latitude, likely due to their efficient resorption response to variation in climate, but increased for Mg and did not change for C. Our results indicate that the nutrient resorption efficiency and proficiency of Q. variabilis differed strongly among nutrients, as well as growing environments. Our findings provide important insights into understanding the nutrient conservation strategy at the individual species level and its possible influence on nutrient cycling. PMID:26597338

  2. Experiment K-310: The effect of space flight on ostenogenesis and dentinogenesis in the mandible of rats. Supplement 1: The effects of space flight on alveolar bone modeling and remodeling in the rat mandible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van, P. T.; Vignery, A.; Bacon, R.

    1981-01-01

    The histomorphometric study of alveolar bone, a non-weight-bearing bone submitted mainly to the mechanical stimulations of mastication, showed that space flight decreases the remodeling activity but does not induce a negative balance between resorption and formation. The most dramatic effect of space flight has been observed along the periosteal surface, and especially in areas not covered with masticatory muscles, where bone formation almost stopped completely during the flight period. This bone, having been submitted to the same mechanical forces in the flight animals and the controls, leads to the conclusion that factors other than mechanical loading might be involved in the decreased bone formation during flight.

  3. Ridge and Furrow Fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Per Grau

    Ridge and furrow is a specific way of ploughing which makes fields of systematic ridges and furrows like a rubbing washboard. They are part of an overall openfield system, but the focus in this paper is on the functionality of the fields. There are many indications that agro-technological reasons...... systems and the establishment of basic structures like villages (with churches) and townships and states (in northern Europe). The fields can be considered as a resilient structure lasting for 800 years, along with the same basic physical structures in society....

  4. The mode of progression of subperiosteal resorption in the hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subperiosteal resorption in finger phalanges is usually thought to be the result of osteoclastic bone resorption on the periosteal surface of bone, progressive centripetally with creation of the serrated appearances and ''lace-like'' patterns in periosteal cortical bone. Our longitudinal microradioscopic observations in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal failure have revealed evidence of another pathogenetic mechanism: by the enlargement of intracortical juxtaperiosteal resorption spaces, the remaining thin layer of bone is broken down from inside the bone, i.e., a centrifugal rather then centripetal process. (orig.)

  5. Rare multiple internal root resorption associated with perforation - a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlea, Paula; Nistor, Cristina Coralia; Suciu, Ioana; Iliescu, Mihaela Georgiana; Iliescu, Alexandru Andrei

    2014-01-01

    Multiple internal root resorption is a rare outcome of chronic irreversible pulpitis. In some cases, a chronic apical periodontitis can be later on associated. Usually, the conventional intraoral radiograph is mandatory in diagnosis but only CBCT proved to detect the true location, shape and size of resorptive defect and, if present, a perforation generated by resorption extension through the canal wall. Unlike the intraoral radiograph, CBCT is also able to improve the management and the recall evaluation, demonstrating a higher accuracy and reliability. PMID:25611285

  6. Quartz Resorption as a Geospeedometer in Peralkaline Rhyolites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janebo, M.; Caricchi, L.; Rust, A.

    2010-12-01

    Magma ascent rate affects eruptive style and intensity as it determines time available for syn-eruptive crystallization, vesiculation and permeable gas loss. The width of hornblende reaction rims has previously been used to estimate ascent rates for eruptions of andesitic volcanoes. Reactions between quartz and the coexisting melt could provide a similar proxy for peralkaline silicic magmas. Mayor Island, a peralkaline rhyolitic volcano in New Zealand, was used as a case study to investigate the use of quartz resorption as a geospeedometer. During the last 130 ka, Mayor Island has exhibited a wide range of eruptions, both with regards to intensity and volume. Previous studies have determined the pre-eruptive temperature to be around 750°C and pressure to be 100-125 MPa, and proposed that the magma chamber is saturated in water (Barclay et al., 1996). Neither the composition of the magma (72-74 wt% SiO2) nor the water content (4.4 wt%) have changed significantly between the different styles of eruptions, and the wide range of eruptive style was therefore attributed to variations in the ascent rate. In general, the quartz phenocrysts from the effusive eruptions are rounded, whereas those from the explosive eruptions are euhedral. Scaillet and Macdonald (2001) established that there are realistic conditions for which quartz in peralkaline rhyolites goes from stable to unstable to stable again during decompression. In this study, the stability fields of quartz were determined for a Mayor Island magma composition using an externally heated cold-seal pressure vessel. The rate of quartz resorption was assessed by carrying out time-series experiments. The pre-eruptive conditions were determined to be about 700-750°C from feldspar thermometry and phase equilibria. The results indicate that the magma was water under-saturated and consequently stored at higher pressures than previously calculated. The time-series experiments imply that magma that erupt explosively did not spend more than a couple of days at pressure between 150 and 50 MPa. REFERENCES Barclay, J., Carroll, M. R., Houghton, B. F. and Wilson, C. J. N. (1996). Pre-eruptive volatile content and degassing history of an evolving peralkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 74: 75-87. Scaillet, B. and Macdonald, R. (2001). Phase relations of peralkaline silicic magmas and petrogenetic implications. Journal of Petrology 42(4): 825-845.

  7. Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage associated with aerosol propellant use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelchen, Phillip; Jamous, Fady; Huntington, Mark K

    2013-01-01

    Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a clinical syndrome resulting from injury to the alveolar microcirculation, most commonly associated with not only autoimmune disorders or connective tissue disease, but also a variety of infections, neoplasms and toxins. We report here a case of an otherwise healthy young man with DAH attributable to an inhalation injury resulting from use of aerosol spray paint. PMID:23955981

  8. Bombesin Inhibits Alveolarization and Promotes Pulmonary Fibrosis in Newborn Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Ashour, Khalid; Shan, Lin; Lee, Jong Hwan; Schlicher, William; Wada, Keiji; Wada, Etsuko; Sunday, Mary E.

    2006-01-01

    Rationale: Bombesin-like peptides promote fetal lung development. Normally, levels of mammalian bombesin (gastrin-releasing peptide [GRP]) drop postnatally, but these levels are elevated in newborns that develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a chronic lung disease characterized by arrested alveolarization. In premature baboons with BPD, antibombesin antibodies reduce lung injury and promote alveolarization.

  9. Tongue-Palate Contact of Perceptually Acceptable Alveolar Stops

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Alice; Gibbon, Fiona E.; O'Donovan, Cliona

    2013-01-01

    Increased tongue-palate contact for perceptually acceptable alveolar stops has been observed in children with speech sound disorders (SSD). This is a retrospective study that further investigated this issue by using quantitative measures to compare the target alveolar stops /t/, /d/ and /n/ produced in words by nine children with SSD (20 tokens of…

  10. Tongue-Palate Contact of Perceptually Acceptable Alveolar Stops

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Alice; Gibbon, Fiona E.; O'Donovan, Cliona

    2013-01-01

    Increased tongue-palate contact for perceptually acceptable alveolar stops has been observed in children with speech sound disorders (SSD). This is a retrospective study that further investigated this issue by using quantitative measures to compare the target alveolar stops /t/, /d/ and /n/ produced in words by nine children with SSD (20 tokens of

  11. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in SCID mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jennings, V M; Dillehay, D L; Webb, S K; Brown, L A

    1995-09-01

    Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is an uncommon disorder of unknown origin in which the alveoli are filled with lipoproteinaceous material, including surfactant. We have characterized a spontaneously occurring lesion in the lungs of CB.17 scid/scid mice which resembles PAP in humans. Lungs from 45 severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice were evaluated by light and electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Lung lavage fluid was evaluated biochemically and for the presence of surfactant protein A (SP-A) and B (SP-B) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot. Light microscopy showed varying amounts of a homogeneous to granular proteinaceous material in alveolar spaces. This material was eosinophilic by hematoxylin and eosin stain and was periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) positive. Ultrastructurally, the material was predominantly homogeneous with areas of a lamellated pattern that resembled surfactant. Biochemical analysis revealed 2.7- and 3.6-fold increases in the surfactant-associated phospholipids phosphatidylcholine and disaturated phosphatidylcholine respectively, when affected SCID mice were compared with control mice. Immunohistochemical staining of lung tissue and Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of lavage fluid showed marked increases in SP-A and SP-B in comparison with controls. These results suggest that SCID mice have a defect in surfactant homeostasis that resembles PAP in humans and may serve as an animal model in further elucidating the pathogenesis of this disease. PMID:7654386

  12. Alveolar ridge augmentation in rats by combined hydroxylapatite and osteoinductive material

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Bang, G; Haanaes, H R

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine if increased bony ingrowth developed when hydroxylapatite was implanted together with an osteoinductive substrate. Dense hydroxylapatite granules (HA) (Calcitite, Calcitek, San Diego, CA, USA) were mixed with equal volumes of allogenic, demineralized, lyop...

  13. Radiolabeled microsphere measurements of alveolar bone blood flow in dogs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiolabeled microspheres were injected into the left cardiac ventricle in healthy adult dogs to quantify blood in maxillary and mandibular alveolar bone. Heart rate, arterial blood pressure and pulse contour were monitored throughout each experiment. Blood flow in maxillary alveolar bone was more than 30 % greater (p<.001) than in mandibular alveolar bone. Alveolar bone blood flow (mean +- S.D.) measured as ml/min per gram was 0.12 +- .02 in the maxilla compared to 0.09 +- .02 in the mandible. The cardiovascular parameters monitored were constant immediately prior to the injection of microspheres and remained unchanged during and following injection. It is possible that radiolabeled microspheres can be used to quantify the circulatory changes in alveolar bone during the development of destructive periodontal disease in dogs. (author)

  14. Uncomplicated impression techniques for hypermobile alveolar mucosa: A hope for the hopeless

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prince Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Alveolar mucosa over the jaw bones in edentulous patients has varying thickness and mobility at different areas and is often imprecise at the time of impression making. Such impressions in the finished dentures cause inflammation and instability of the complete dentures. Aim: To present three methods for selective pressure impressions for complete denture treatment in patients who had different kinds of localization and abnormalities of the thickness of alveolar ridges mucosa. Materials and Methods: Three different impression techniques were used for selective pressure impressions in 15 completely edentulous patients based on the location of flabby tissue and special tray modifications. The patients expressed comfort and satisfaction during the usage of the new dentures, compared with the previous one fabricated with the new impression technique. Conclusion: The suggested methods eliminate the excessive displacement of the soft tissues at the secondary impression; thus, a physiologic and anatomic registration of the attached and the unattached tissue of the denture-bearing areas is attained.

  15. Ridge from strings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braun, M.A.; Vechernin, V.V. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Dept. of High Energy Physics, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Pajares, C. [University of Santiago de Compostela, Dept. of Particles, Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

    2015-04-01

    In the colour string picture with fusion and percolation it is shown that long-range azimuthal-rapidity correlations (ridge) can arise from the superposition of many events with exchange of clusters of different number of strings and not from a single event. Relation of the ridge with the flow harmonics coefficients is derived. By direct Monte Carlo simulations, in the technique previously used to calculate these coefficients, ridge correlations are calculated for AA, pA and pp collisions. The azimuthal anisotropy follows from the assumed quenching of the emitted particles in the strong colour fields inside string clusters. It is confirmed that in pp collisions the ridge structure only appears in rare events with abnormally high multiplicity. Comparison with the experimental data shows a good agreement. Good agreement is also found for pPb collisions. For AA collisions a reasonable agreement is found for both near-side and away-side angular correlations although it worsens at intermediate angles. (orig.)

  16. External root resorption: Different etiologies explained from the composition of the human root-close periodontal membrane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inger Kjaer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This paper summarizes different conditions, which have a well-known influence on the resorption of tooth roots. It also highlights factors important for individual susceptibility to root resorption. Furthermore, the paper focuses on idiopathic root resorption where the provoking factor is not known. The Hypothesis: The several different disturbances causing root resorption can be either orthodontically provoked or acquired by trauma, virus or congenital diseases. It is presumed that all these conditions lead to inflammatory processes in the three main tissue layers, comprising the peri-root sheet. Evaluation of the Hypothesis: This paper explains how different etiologies behind root resorption and how different phenotypic traits in root resorption can be understood from immunohistochemical studies of the human periodontal membrane close to the root and thus, gain a new understanding of the phenomenon of root resorption.

  17. Effect of Kiwifruit on Bone Resorption in Ovariectomized Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsumata, Shinichi; Wolber, Frances M; Tadaishi, Miki; Tousen, Yuko; Ishimi, Yoshiko; Kruger, Marlena C

    2015-01-01

    Kiwifruit is a good source of dietary components and has beneficial effects for health. In this study, we investigated the effects of two types of kiwifruit, green kiwifruit (GRK) and gold kiwifruit (GOK), on bone metabolism in ovariectomized (OVX) mice. Seven-week-old female Balb/c-strain mice were divided into four groups: sham-operated (sham) group, OVX group, and OVX mice that were fed a GRK-supplemented diet or GOK-supplemented diet. Freeze-dried GRK and GOK were prepared and added in the diet at a concentration of 3 g/100 g. After 9 wk, the mice were sacrificed, and the serum, uterus, and femurs were obtained. Final body weight did not differ significantly among the four groups. Compared to the sham group, uterine weight was significantly lower and serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTx) levels and receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) mRNA expression of the whole femur were significantly higher in the OVX group. Compared to the OVX group, GRK, but not GOK, reduced serum CTx concentrations and RANKL mRNA expression of the whole femur without changes in uterine weight. These results suggest that the GRK inhibited bone resorption, which might be due to a decrease in RANKL mRNA expression in OVX mice. PMID:26440641

  18. Resorption of radionuclides through the surface of thermal burns and problems of decontamination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Resorption of sup(137)Cs, sup(89)Sr, sup(131)I, sup(241)Am during thermal burns of 1-3 degrees and choice of a decontamination method used simultaneously for decontamination and disinfection of burn wounds were studied. It is shown that a degree of burns effects in a certain form on skin penetrability: through burns of 1-2 degrees the resorption increases 1 5-3 times, through burns of the thir degree the resorption decreases slightly as compared to the resorption through intact skin. High efficiency of 3% soap solution for removing radionuclides from burn csurfae of skin has been established. For burns accompanied with the disturbance of epidermis integrality, when considerable absorption of radionuclides is possible, decontamination must be accomplished as soon and complete as possible

  19. Response of Bone Resorption Markers to Aristolochia longa Intake by Algerian Breast Cancer Postmenopausal Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benarba, Bachir; Meddah, Boumedienne; Tir Touil, Aicha

    2014-01-01

    Aristolochia longa is widely used in traditional medicine in Algeria to treat breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the response of bone resorption markers to A. longa intake by Algerian breast cancer postmenopausal women. According to the A. longa intake, breast cancer patients were grouped into A. longa group (Al) (n = 54) and non-A. longa group (non-Al) (n = 24). 32 women constituted the control group. Bone resorption markers (from urine) pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD) were determined by HPLC. Serum and urinary creatinine, uric acid, and urea were measured. 1?g of A. longa intake resulted in significant rise of renal serum markers and a pronounced increase of bone resorption markers. The intake of A. longa roots is detrimental for kidney function and resulted in high bone resorption, maybe due to the reduction in renal function caused by the aristolochic acids contained in the roots. PMID:24876833

  20. Response of Bone Resorption Markers to Aristolochia longa Intake by Algerian Breast Cancer Postmenopausal Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benarba, Bachir; Meddah, Boumedienne; Tir Touil, Aicha

    2014-01-01

    Aristolochia longa is widely used in traditional medicine in Algeria to treat breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the response of bone resorption markers to A. longa intake by Algerian breast cancer postmenopausal women. According to the A. longa intake, breast cancer patients were grouped into A. longa group (Al) (n = 54) and non-A. longa group (non-Al) (n = 24). 32 women constituted the control group. Bone resorption markers (from urine) pyridinoline (PYD) and deoxypyridinoline (DPD) were determined by HPLC. Serum and urinary creatinine, uric acid, and urea were measured. 1?g of A. longa intake resulted in significant rise of renal serum markers and a pronounced increase of bone resorption markers. The intake of A. longa roots is detrimental for kidney function and resulted in high bone resorption, maybe due to the reduction in renal function caused by the aristolochic acids contained in the roots. PMID:24876833

  1. LEPTIN REGULATION OF BONE RESORPTION BY THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM AND CART

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bone remodelling, the mechanism by which vertebrates regulate bone mass, comprises two phases, namely resorption by osteoclasts and formation by osteoblasts; osteoblasts are multifunctional cells also controlling osteoclast differentiation. Sympathetic signalling via beta2-adrenergic receptors (Adrb...

  2. Diagnosis of invasive cervical resorption by using cone beam computed tomography: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasconcelos, Karla de Faria; Nejaim, Yuri; Haiter Neto, Francisco; Bóscolo, Frab Norberto

    2012-01-01

    A radiographic interpretation is essential to the diagnosis of invasive cervical resorption (ICR) and the difficulty in distinguishing this lesion from internal root resorption has been highlighted in the literature. This paper reports the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis of ICR. The cases reports describe how CBCT can be used to make a differential diagnosis and also show that the use of this technology can provide relevant information on the location and nature of root resorption, which conventional radiographs cannot. As a result, the root canal treatment was not initially considered. The patients will be monitored and will undergo a scan after a short period of time to detect any small changes. It was observed that both cases benefited from CBCT in the diagnosis of ICR, because this imaging modality determined the real extent of resorption and possible points of communication with the periodontal space. PMID:23306242

  3. Influence of diphenylhydantoin on lysosomal enzyme release during bone resorption in vitro

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of diphenylhydantoin (DPH) on the release of lysosomal enzymes during resorption of cultured mouse calvarial bone was studied. The enzyme activities of ?-glucuronidase and ?-galactosidase in the culture medium was taken as indicators for lysosomal enzyme release. In concentrations 50 ?g/ml or higher, DPH inhibited the release of ?-glucuronidase and ?-galactosidase in parallel with bone resorption as indicated by reduced release of 4Ca, Ca2, Psub(i) and hydroxyproline. The release of the cytosolic enzyme lactate dehydrogenase was not influenced by concentrations of DPH up to 50 ?g/ml but higher concentrations caused an increased release indicating cell injury. When bone resorption was stimulated by prostaglandin E2, DPH(50 ?g/ml) also reduced the mobilization of bone mineral and the release of ?- glucuronidase without influencing the release of lactate dehydrogenase. It is suggested that DPH by interfering with cellular release processes reduces the resorption on bone. (author)

  4. Complete replacement resorption after replantation of maxillary incisors: report of case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandemir, S; Alpoz, E; Caliskan, M K; Alpoz, A R

    1999-01-01

    This article describes the treatment of a 17-year-old patient with complete root resorption of the maxillary permanent central and lateral incisors following avulsion and replantation seven years ago. The most important factor influencing the prognosis of replanted teeth is the status of the periodontal ligament (PDL). As a result of replantation, the PDL cells necrosed and tooth replacement resorption occurred. The main factors, which affected the resorption after replantation and survival of PDL cells, could be summarize as; dry extraoral time greater than 30 minutes, the kept tooth in a dry environment, touching the cementum surface, and splint treatment for a prolonged time. Since complete root resorption was found in our case, these factors probably also occurred. PMID:10551136

  5. Calculating a Stepwise Ridge Regression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, John D.

    1986-01-01

    Although methods for using ordinary least squares regression computer programs to calculate a ridge regression are available, the calculation of a stepwise ridge regression requires a special purpose algorithm and computer program. The correct stepwise ridge regression procedure is given, and a parallel FORTRAN computer program is described.

  6. External apical root resorption in maxillary incisors in orthodontic patients: associated factors and radiographic evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Nanekrungsan, Kamonporn; Patanaporn, Virush; Janhom, Apirum; Korwanich, Narumanus

    2012-01-01

    Purpose This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and degree of external apical root resorption of maxillary incisors after orthodontic treatment and to evaluate particular associated factors related to external apical root resorption. Materials and Methods The records and maxillary incisor periapical radiographs of 181 patients were investigated. Crown and root lengths were measured and compared on the pre- and post-treatment periapical radiographs. Crown length was measured from th...

  7. Influence of anatomical barriers on maxillary incisor root resorption after orthodontic treatment with premolar extractions

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Geraldo de Oliveira; Fabiana Guilhermina Ferreira Castro

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Apical root resorption is a frequent and occasionally critical problem in orthodontic patients undergoing induced tooth movement. One of the factors that might influence prognosis, especially in maxillary incisors, which most frequently present resorptions, are the so-called the anatomical barriers; that is, proximity of the buccal and palatal cortical bones to the maxillary incisor roots. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to investigate whether patients with excessive...

  8. Convergent responses of nitrogen and phosphorus resorption to nitrogen inputs in a semiarid grassland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lü, Xiao-Tao; Reed, Sasha; Yu, Qiang; He, Nian-Peng; Wang, Zheng-Wen; Han, Xing-Guo

    2013-01-01

    Human activities have significantly altered nitrogen (N) availability in most terrestrial ecosystems, with consequences for community composition and ecosystem functioning. Although studies of how changes in N availability affect biodiversity and community composition are relatively common, much less remains known about the effects of N inputs on the coupled biogeochemical cycling of N and phosphorus (P), and still fewer data exist regarding how increased N inputs affect the internal cycling of these two elements in plants. Nutrient resorption is an important driver of plant nutrient economies and of the quality of litter plants produce. Accordingly, resorption patterns have marked ecological implications for plant population and community fitness, as well as for ecosystem nutrient cycling. In a semiarid grassland in northern China, we studied the effects of a wide range of N inputs on foliar nutrient resorption of two dominant grasses, Leymus chinensis and Stipa grandis. After 4 years of treatments, N and P availability in soil and N and P concentrations in green and senesced grass leaves increased with increasing rates of N addition. Foliar N and P resorption significantly decreased along the N addition gradient, implying a resorption-mediated, positive plant–soil feedback induced by N inputs. Furthermore, N : P resorption ratios were negatively correlated with the rates of N addition, indicating the sensitivity of plant N and P stoichiometry to N inputs. Taken together, the results demonstrate that N additions accelerate ecosystem uptake and turnover of both N and P in the temperate steppe and that N and P cycles are coupled in dynamic ways. The convergence of N and P resorption in response to N inputs emphasizes the importance of nutrient resorption as a pathway by which plants and ecosystems adjust in the face of increasing N availability.

  9. Resorption of implanted bone prepared from normal and warfarin-treated rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Lian, J B; Tassinari, M; Glowacki, J

    1984-01-01

    Bone that was virtually depleted of the vitamin K-dependent protein, osteocalcin, and 93% reduced in the concentration of its characteristic amino acid, gamma-carboxyglutamic acid, was obtained from rats treated with warfarin for 6 wk. Osteocalcin-deficient bone particles were resistant to resorption when implanted subcutaneously in normal rats. The relative resorption was 60% of control bone, as measured by histomorphometry as percent of bone particles in the field. Additionally, the number ...

  10. Glutamate modulates temporomandibular joint bone tissue resorption in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Hajati, Anna‐Kari

    2010-01-01

    The general aim was to investigate the occurrence and development of TMJ bone tissue resorption and to identify predictors for progression during the two first years with rheumatoid arthritis. The thesis comprises one cross-sectional part and one longitudinal part. The aim of the cross-sectional part was to investigate whether there was an association between the radiographic sign (TMJ erosions) or the clinical sign (crepitus) of TMJ bone tissue resorption and glutamate and ...

  11. Diagnostic Accuracy of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography and Periapical Radiography in Internal Root Resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Madani, Zahrasadat; Moudi, Ehsan; Bijani, Ali; Mahmoudi, Elham

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic value of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and periapical (PA) radiography in detecting internal root resorption. Methods and Materials: Eighty single rooted human teeth with visible pulps in PA radiography were split mesiodistally along the coronal plane. Internal resorption like lesions were created in three areas (cervical, middle and apical) in labial wall of the canals in different diameters. PA radiography and CBCT ima...

  12. Prevention and management of external inflammatory resorption following trauma to teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, P V

    2016-03-01

    External inflammatory resorption is one of the potential consequences of trauma to the teeth. It occurs when there has been loss of cementum due to damage to the external surface of the tooth root during trauma, plus the root canal system has become infected with bacteria. It is characterized by the radiographic appearance of loss of tooth substance with a radiolucency in the adjacent periodontal ligament and bone. The loss of cementum allows the intracanal bacteria and/or their endotoxins to reach the periodontal ligament more readily and this can lead to the development of the inflammatory resorptive process. External inflammatory resorption can ultimately lead to loss of the tooth if it is not managed in a timely manner. There are some injuries that are very likely to develop this type of resorption and a preventive approach can be adopted by commencing root canal treatment immediately as part of the emergency management of such cases. In cases where the resorptive process is already established, root canal treatment can arrest the resorption and encourage hard tissue repair. The use of a corticosteroid-antibiotic intracanal medicament has been shown to be particularly useful in the prevention and management of external inflammatory resorption. Calcium hydroxide should not be used as an immediate medicament because of its inherent toxicity and irritant properties but it is valuable as a subsequent medicament to encourage hard tissue repair where required. This review outlines the external inflammatory resorptive process and the management strategies that can be employed to prevent it from occurring, and to treat it if already present. PMID:26923450

  13. Cone beam computed tomography study of apical root resorption induced by Herbst appliance

    OpenAIRE

    Schwartz, João Paulo; RAVELI, Taísa Boamorte; ALMEIDA, Kélei Cristina de Mathias; Schwartz-Filho, Humberto Osvaldo; RAVELI, Dirceu Barnabé

    2015-01-01

    Objective This study evaluated the frequency of root resorption during the orthodontic treatment with Herbst appliance by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT). Material and Methods The sample comprised 23 patients (11 men, 12 women; mean ages 15.76±1.75 years) with Class II division 1 malocclusion, treated with Herbst appliance. CBCT was obtained before treatment (T0) and after Herbst treatment (T1). All the dental roots, except third molars, were evaluated, and apical root resorption was det...

  14. Spontaneous cataract resorption and lens-induced uveitis in the dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelatt, K N

    1975-05-01

    Spontaneous cataract resorption and the associated lens-induced uveitis occur primarily in young dogs, especially the Afghan Hound, American Cocker Spaniel, Boston Terrier, Miniature and Toy Poodle, and Miniature Schnauzer. The resorption process, if extensive, will restore vision without surgical intervention, but medical control of the lens-induced uveitis by use of mydriatics and, infrequently, topical and systemic corticosteroids is essential. The main potential complications, severe medically nonresponsive uveitis and glaucoma, necessitate immediate cataract extraction. PMID:1169683

  15. Element uptake, accumulation, and resorption in leaves of mangrove species with different mechanisms of salt regulation

    OpenAIRE

    E. Medina; Fernandez, W.; F. Barboza

    2015-01-01

    Element uptake from substrate and resorption capacity of nutrients before leaf shedding are frequently species-specific and difficult to determine in natural settings. We sampled populations of Rhizophora mangle (salt-excluding species) and Laguncularia racemosa (salt-secreting species) in a coastal lagoon in the upper section of the Maracaibo strait in western Venezuela to estimate accumulation and resorption of mineral elements. Leaves collected fortnightly during 4~months ...

  16. Advanced glycation end products biphasically modulate bone resorption in osteoclast-like cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ziqing; Li, Chaohong; Zhou, Yuhuan; Chen, Weishen; Luo, Guotian; Zhang, Ziji; Wang, Haixing; Zhang, Yangchun; Xu, Dongliang; Sheng, Puyi

    2016-03-01

    Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) disturb bone remodeling during aging, and this process is accelerated in diabetes. However, their role in modulation of osteoclast-induced bone resorption is controversial, with some studies indicating that AGEs enhance bone resorption and others showing the opposite effect. We determined whether AGEs present at different stages of osteoclast differentiation affect bone resorption differently. Based on increased levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and cathepsin K (CTSK), we identified day 4 of induction as the dividing time of cell fusion stage and mature stage in RAW264.7 cell-derived osteoclast-like cells (OCLs). AGE-modified BSA (50-400 μg/ml) or control BSA (100 μg/ml) was then added at the beginning of each stage. Results showed that the presence of AGEs at the cell fusion stage reduced pit numbers, resorption area, and CTSK expression. Moreover, expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB (RANK) as well as the number of TRAP-positive cells, nuclei per OCL, actin rings, and podosomes also decreased. However, the presence of AGEs at the mature stage enlarged the resorption area markedly and increased pit numbers slightly. Intriguingly, only the number of nuclei per OCL and podosomes increased. These data indicate that AGEs biphasically modulate bone resorption activity of OCLs in a differentiation stage-dependent manner. AGEs at the cell fusion stage reduce bone resorption dramatically, mainly via suppression of RANK expression in osteoclast precursors, whereas AGEs at the mature stage enhance bone resorption slightly, most likely by increasing the number of podosomes in mature OCLs. PMID:26670486

  17. Effects of berberine on differentiation and bone resorption of osteoclasts derived from rat bone marrow cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng WEI

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To observe the effects of berberine on osteoclastic differentiation and bone resorption action in vitro, and to investigate the cellular mechanism of its inhibitory effects on bone resorption.Methods: The multinucleated osteoclasts (MNCs were derived by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and dexamethasone from bone marrow cells in the coculture system with primary osteoblastic cells. The tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP staining and image analysis of bone resorption pit on dental slices were used to identify osteoclast. The activity of TRAP was measured by p-nitrophenyl sodium phosphate assay. The bone resorption pit area on the bone slices formed by osteoclasts was measured by computer image processing.Results: At the concentrations of 0.1, 1 and 10 μmol/L, berberine dose-dependently suppressed the formation of TRAP-positive multinucleated cells, the TRAP activity and the osteoclastic bone resorption. The strongest inhibitory effect was exhibited at the concentration of 10 μmol/L, with the inhibiting rate of 60.45%, 42.12% and 72.69% respectively.Conclusion: Berberine can decrease bone loss through inhibition of osteoclast formation, differentiation and bone resorption.

  18. External root resorption after orthodontic treatment: a study of contributing factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yun Hoa; Cho, Bong Hae [School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the patient- and treatment-related etiologic factors of external root resorption. This study consisted of 163 patients who had completed orthodontic treatments and taken the pre- and post-treatment panoramic and lateral cephalometric radiographs. The length of tooth was measured from the tooth apex to the incisal edge or cusp tip on the panoramic radiograph. Overbite and overjet were measured from the pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs. The root resorption of each tooth and the factors of malocclusion were analyzed with an analysis of variance. A paired t test was performed to compare the mean amount of root resorption between male and female, between extraction and non-extraction cases, and between surgery and non-surgery groups. Correlation coefficients were measured to assess the relationship between the amount of root resorption and the age in which the orthodontic treatment started, the degree of changes in overbite and overjet, and the duration of treatment. Maxillary central incisor was the most resorbed tooth, followed by the maxillary lateral incisor, the mandibular central incisor, and the mandibular lateral incisor. The history of tooth extraction was significantly associated with the root resorption. The duration of orthodontic treatment was positively correlated with the amount of root resorption. These findings show that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in patients who need the treatment for a long period and with a pre-treatment extraction of teeth.

  19. Cone beam computed tomography study of apical root resorption induced by Herbst appliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo SCHWARTZ

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective This study evaluated the frequency of root resorption during the orthodontic treatment with Herbst appliance by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT.Material and Methods The sample comprised 23 patients (11 men, 12 women; mean ages 15.76±1.75 years with Class II division 1 malocclusion, treated with Herbst appliance. CBCT was obtained before treatment (T0 and after Herbst treatment (T1. All the dental roots, except third molars, were evaluated, and apical root resorption was determined using the axial guided navigation method. Paired t-tests and Wilcoxon T Test were used to compare the dependent samples in parametric and nonparametric cases, respectively. Chi-Square Test with Yates’ correction was used to evaluate the relationship between apical root resorption and gender. Results were considered at a significance level of 5%.Results Apical resorption was detected by CBCT in 57.96% of 980 roots that underwent Herbst appliance treatment. All patients had minimal resorption and there was no statistical significance between the genders.Conclusion CBCT three-dimensional evaluation showed association between Herbst appliance and minimal apical root resorption, mostly in the anchoring teeth, without clinical significance.

  20. External root resorption after orthodontic treatment: a study of contributing factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the patient- and treatment-related etiologic factors of external root resorption. This study consisted of 163 patients who had completed orthodontic treatments and taken the pre- and post-treatment panoramic and lateral cephalometric radiographs. The length of tooth was measured from the tooth apex to the incisal edge or cusp tip on the panoramic radiograph. Overbite and overjet were measured from the pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs. The root resorption of each tooth and the factors of malocclusion were analyzed with an analysis of variance. A paired t test was performed to compare the mean amount of root resorption between male and female, between extraction and non-extraction cases, and between surgery and non-surgery groups. Correlation coefficients were measured to assess the relationship between the amount of root resorption and the age in which the orthodontic treatment started, the degree of changes in overbite and overjet, and the duration of treatment. Maxillary central incisor was the most resorbed tooth, followed by the maxillary lateral incisor, the mandibular central incisor, and the mandibular lateral incisor. The history of tooth extraction was significantly associated with the root resorption. The duration of orthodontic treatment was positively correlated with the amount of root resorption. These findings show that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in patients who need the treatment for a long period and with a pre-treatment extraction of teeth.

  1. Hemorragia alveolar associada a nefrite lúpica Alveolar hemorrhage associated with lupus nephritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Henrique de Oliveira Braga Teixeira

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Hemorragia alveolar, como causa de insuficiência respiratória, é pouco freqüente, com diversas etiologias possíveis. Entre elas, o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, que se apresenta geralmente como síndrome pulmão-rim, possui alta morbimortalidade. Acredita-se que a patogênese da microangiopatia, tanto renal como pulmonar, esteja associada ao depósito de imunocomplexos, que ativariam as vias de apoptose celular. Relatam-se dois casos de pacientes com nefrite lúpica que evoluíram com hemorragia alveolar associada à insuficiência respiratória necessitando de ventilação mecânica com evoluções totalmente distintas frente às terapias farmacológicas. O achado de anticorpos antimembrana basal em um dos casos evidencia a multiplicidade de mecanismos fisiopatológicos possivelmente envolvidos, que poderiam justificar as respostas heterogêneas frente aos tratamentos disponíveis.Alveolar hemorrhage leading to respiratory failure is uncommon. Various etiologies have been reported, including systemic lupus erythematosus, which generally presents as pulmonary-renal syndrome. It is believed that the pathogenesis of microangiopathy is related to deposits of immune complexes that lead to activation of cellular apoptosis. The authors report two cases of alveolar hemorrhage and respiratory failure, both requiring mechanical ventilation. The two cases had opposite outcomes after pharmacological therapy. The presence of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies in one of the cases demonstrates the multiplicity of physiopathological mechanisms that may be involved. This multiplicity of mechanisms provides a possible explanation for the heterogeneous responses to the available treatments.

  2. An original procedure for quantitation of cutaneous resorption of sebum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanc, D; Saint-Leger, D; Brandt, J; Constans, S; Agache, P

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes an original in vivo device to investigate and quantify cutaneous resorption of sebum. Such a phenomenon was explored using a photometric determination of residual skin surface lipids at different times following initial deposits of known amounts of artificial sebum on demarcated areas. The technique was carried out on seven healthy subjects. The chosen area was the anterior aspect of the forearm, owing to the very low sebum production of this site, less than the sensitivity of the measuring instrument. The kinetics of absorption of applied sebum turned out to be hyperbolic-like and well correlated with experimental results (r = 0.992), allowing a mathematical determination of the initial velocity of penetration of sebum into the skin, reaching 20 micrograms/cm2.min for a standard program including a mean initial deposit of 116 micrograms/cm2. This kinetics actually does not fit with a true percutaneous absorption of lipids but is compatible with that of absorption into the stratum corneum. It conveys the faster absorption of the latter for sebum, a well-known but not so far quantified property of stratum corneum. The model here described is not at once transposable to skin areas with high sebum production since, quite obviously in such zones, the stratum corneum is permanently saturated with skin surface lipids. Therefore, the conclusions of this work cannot be correlated with the regreasing parameters studied so far on the forehead, but they provide interesting data about the evolution of sebum following its output onto the skin surface and therefore a better understanding of sebaceous physiology. PMID:2802665

  3. Ridge regression processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhl, Mark R.

    1990-01-01

    Current navigation requirements depend on a geometric dilution of precision (GDOP) criterion. As long as the GDOP stays below a specific value, navigation requirements are met. The GDOP will exceed the specified value when the measurement geometry becomes too collinear. A new signal processing technique, called Ridge Regression Processing, can reduce the effects of nearly collinear measurement geometry; thereby reducing the inflation of the measurement errors. It is shown that the Ridge signal processor gives a consistently better mean squared error (MSE) in position than the Ordinary Least Mean Squares (OLS) estimator. The applicability of this technique is currently being investigated to improve the following areas: receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM), coverage requirements, availability requirements, and precision approaches.

  4. Clinical and histological evaluation of alloderm GBR and BioOss in the treatment of Siebert's class I ridge deficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Sudarsan, Sabitha; Arun, K.V.; M S Priya; Arun, Ramya

    2008-01-01

    Complete prosthetic rehabilitation using implants require the presence of adequate dimensions of alveolar bone. Ridge augmentation procedures include the use of guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures where the barrier membrane provides cell occlusion and space for the regenerating tissues. Alloderm GBR has been introduced for the purpose of augmenting bone and has been postulated to have the additionally ability to integrate into soft tissues. Twenty-two patients with Siebert's class I rid...

  5. External apical root resorption in maxillary incisors in orthodontic patients: associated factors and radiographic evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nanekrungsan, Kamonporn [Dept. of Dentistry, Overbrook Hospital, Chiang Rai (Thailand); Patanaporn, Virush; Janhom, Apirum; Korwanich, Narumanus [Dept. of Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (Thailand)

    2012-09-15

    This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and degree of external apical root resorption of maxillary incisors after orthodontic treatment and to evaluate particular associated factors related to external apical root resorption. The records and maxillary incisor periapical radiographs of 181 patients were investigated. Crown and root lengths were measured and compared on the pre- and post-treatment periapical radiographs. Crown length was measured from the center of the incisal edge to the midpoint of the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ). Root length was measured from the CEJ midpoint to the root apex. A correction factor for the enlargement difference was used to calculate root resorption. The periapical radiographs of 564 teeth showed that the average root resorption was 1.39{+-}1.27 (8.24{+-}7.22%) and 1.69{+-}1.14 mm (10.16{+-}6.78%) for the maxillary central and lateral incisors, respectively. The results showed that the dilacerated or pointed roots, maxillary premolar extraction cases, and treatment duration were highly significant factors for root resorption (p<0.001). Allergic condition was a significant factor at p<0.01. Age at the start of treatment, large overjet, and history of facial trauma were also factors significantly associated with root resorption (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in root resorption among the factors of gender, overbite, tongue-thrusting habit, types of malocclusion, and types of bracket. These results suggested that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in pre-treatment extraction patients who have pointed or dilacerated roots and need long treatment duration.

  6. External apical root resorption in maxillary incisors in orthodontic patients: associated factors and radiographic evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and degree of external apical root resorption of maxillary incisors after orthodontic treatment and to evaluate particular associated factors related to external apical root resorption. The records and maxillary incisor periapical radiographs of 181 patients were investigated. Crown and root lengths were measured and compared on the pre- and post-treatment periapical radiographs. Crown length was measured from the center of the incisal edge to the midpoint of the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ). Root length was measured from the CEJ midpoint to the root apex. A correction factor for the enlargement difference was used to calculate root resorption. The periapical radiographs of 564 teeth showed that the average root resorption was 1.39±1.27 (8.24±7.22%) and 1.69±1.14 mm (10.16±6.78%) for the maxillary central and lateral incisors, respectively. The results showed that the dilacerated or pointed roots, maxillary premolar extraction cases, and treatment duration were highly significant factors for root resorption (p<0.001). Allergic condition was a significant factor at p<0.01. Age at the start of treatment, large overjet, and history of facial trauma were also factors significantly associated with root resorption (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in root resorption among the factors of gender, overbite, tongue-thrusting habit, types of malocclusion, and types of bracket. These results suggested that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in pre-treatment extraction patients who have pointed or dilacerated roots and need long treatment duration.

  7. Treatment of multiple traumatized anterior teeth associated with an alveolar bone fracture in a 15-year-old school boy: a 2.5-year follow up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrezouga, L; Kammoun, D; Bhouri, L; Alaya, Ben T; Belkhir, M S

    2011-04-01

    We report a case of multiple dental traumas in a 15-year-old school boy who was hit by a stone. Clinical examinations revealed the avulsion of teeth 21, 22, and 23, an uncomplicated crown fracture of tooth 41, and a complicated crown fracture (CCF) of teeth 11, 31, and 33. An alveolar bone fracture and a root fracture in the apical third of tooth 23 were as well noted on radiographs. The avulsed teeth were replanted and rigidly splinted after an extraoral dry time of 90 min. Endodontic treatments were performed on teeth with CCFs. The dental morphology was restored using polyethylene fiber-reinforced composite resin. Endodontic obturations were performed on replanted teeth after the arrest of external root resorptions by a long-term calcium hydroxide dressing. Esthetics and function were recovered with a 2.5-year follow-up period. PMID:21281442

  8. CFTR is required for maximal transepithelial liquid transport in pig alveolar epithelia

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Xiaopeng; Comellas, Alejandro P; Karp, Philip H.; Ernst, Sarah E.; Moninger, Thomas O; Gansemer, Nicholas D.; Taft, Peter J.; Pezzulo, Alejandro A; Rector, Michael V.; Rossen, Nathan; Stoltz, David A.; McCray, Paul B; Welsh, Michael J.; ZABNER, JOSEPH

    2012-01-01

    A balance between alveolar liquid absorption and secretion is critical for maintaining optimal alveolar subphase liquid height and facilitating gas exchange in the alveolar space. However, the role of cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator protein (CFTR) in this homeostatic process has remained elusive. Using a newly developed porcine model of cystic fibrosis, in which CFTR is absent, we investigated ion transport properties and alveolar liquid transport in isolated type II alveolar epitheli...

  9. Autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis co-existing with breast cancer: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Sawai, Toyomitsu; Umeyama, Yasuhiro; Yoshioka, Sumako; Matsuo, Nobuko; Suyama, Naofumi; Kohno, Shigeru

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare pulmonary disease characterized by excessive alveolar accumulation of surfactant due to defective alveolar clearance by macrophages. There are only a few published case reports of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis occurring in association with solid cancers. To the best of our knowledge, there are no previously reported cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis associated with breast cancer. Case presentation A 48-year-old Asian woman, a nonsmo...

  10. Alveolar Epithelial Cell Injury Due to Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle Exposure

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Yong Ho; Fazlollahi, Farnoosh; Kennedy, Ian M.; Yacobi, Nazanin R.; Hamm-Alvarez, Sarah F.; Borok, Zea; Kim, Kwang-Jin; Crandall, Edward D

    2010-01-01

    Rationale: Although inhalation of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) is known to cause systemic disease (i.e., metal fume fever), little is known about mechanisms underlying injury to alveolar epithelium.

  11. Alveolar proteinosis lung lavage using partial cardiopulmonary bypass.

    OpenAIRE

    Freedman, A P; Pelias, A; Johnston, R F; Goel, I P; Hakki, H I; Oslick, T; Shinnick, J P

    1981-01-01

    An adult case of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis presented with an arterial oxygen tension of 27 mmHg (3.6 kPa) while breathing air. Dangerous hypoxaemia during lung lavage was avoided by using partial cardiopulmonary bypass.

  12. Resorption Rate Tunable Bioceramic: Si, Zn-Modified Tricalcium Phosphate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiang Wei

    2006-08-09

    This dissertation is organized in an alternate format. Several manuscripts which have already been published or are to be submitted for publication have been included as separate chapters. Chapter 1 is a general introduction which describes the dissertation organization and introduces the human bone and ceramic materials as bone substitute. Chapter 2 is the background and literature review on dissolution behavior of calcium phosphate, and discussion of motivation for this research. Chapter 3 is a manuscript entitled ''Si,Zn-modified tricalcium phosphate: a phase composition and crystal structure study'', which was published in ''Key Engineering Materials'' [1]. Chapter 4 gives more crystal structure details by neutron powder diffraction, which identifies the position for Si and Zn substitution and explains the stabilization mechanism of the structure. A manuscript entitled ''Crystal structure analysis of Si, Zn-modified Tricalcium phosphate by Neutron Powder Diffraction'' will be submitted to Biomaterials [2]. Chapter 5 is a manuscript, entitled ''Dissolution behavior and cytotoxicity test of Si, Zn-modified tricalcium phosphate'', which is to be submitted to Biomaterials [3]. This paper discusses the additives effect on the dissolution behavior of TCP, and cytotoxicity test result is also included. Chapter 6 is the study of hydrolysis process of {alpha}-tricalcium phosphate in the simulated body fluid, and the phase development during drying process is discussed. A manuscript entitled ''Hydrolysis of {alpha}-tricalcium phosphate in simulated body fluid and phase transformation during drying process'' is to be submitted to Biomaterials [4]. Ozan Ugurlu is included as co-authors in these two papers due to his TEM contributions. Appendix A is the general introduction of the materials synthesis, crystal structure and preliminary dissolution result. A manuscript entitled ''Resorption rate tunable bioceramic: Si and Zn-modified tricalcium phosphate'' was published in Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings (the 29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites - Advances in Bioceramics and Biocomposites) [5].

  13. Acute alveolar hypoxia increases bronchopulmonary shunt flow in the dog.

    OpenAIRE

    Warren, R.L.; Powell, W J

    1986-01-01

    To study the effects of alveolar hypoxia on canine bronchopulmonary shunt flow, a biventricular bypass preparation was employed. The preparation allowed a constant and sensitive measure of changes in pulmonary venous blood flow. In 16 of 18 dogs with intact bronchial arteries, alveolar hypoxia caused an increase in pulmonary venous return both under conditions of constant pulmonary arterial inflow and under conditions of no pulmonary arterial inflow, suggesting bronchopulmonary shunting. This...

  14. Effect of growth hormone on human alveolar macrophage oxidative metabolism

    OpenAIRE

    Keane, M. P.; Coakley, R.; COSTELLO, R; O'Neill, S. J.

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Growth hormone (GH) has diverse immunological actions and has been shown to augment oxidative metabolism in rat peritoneal and porcine alveolar macrophages and both human and animal neutrophils. A study was performed to determine the effects of GH on human alveolar macrophages in vitro. METHODS: Macrophages were harvested from 10 patients undergoing bronchoalveolar lavage and incubated with 0, 10 and 100 nmol/ml GH for four hours. Oxidative metabolism was assessed by means o...

  15. Alveolar lymphangioma in infants: report of two cases.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    FitzGerald, Kirsten

    2009-06-01

    The alveolar lymphangioma is a benign but relatively rare condition found only in the oral cavities of black infants. Dentists practising in Ireland may be unaware of this condition due to its racial specificity. This paper presents two case reports of multiple alveolar lymphangiomas found in black infants in a children\\'s hospital in Ireland. The epidemiology, aetiology, clinical presentation, histology, and management options are discussed. The photographs should aid the practitioner in recognising these lesions.

  16. Alveolar lymphangioma in infants: report of two cases.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    FitzGerald, Kirsten

    2012-02-01

    The alveolar lymphangioma is a benign but relatively rare condition found only in the oral cavities of black infants. Dentists practising in Ireland may be unaware of this condition due to its racial specificity. This paper presents two case reports of multiple alveolar lymphangiomas found in black infants in a children\\'s hospital in Ireland. The epidemiology, aetiology, clinical presentation, histology, and management options are discussed. The photographs should aid the practitioner in recognising these lesions.

  17. Hormonal regulation of alveolarization: structure-function correlation

    OpenAIRE

    Godinez Marye H; Godinez Rodolfo I; Butler Stephan J; Zhao Hengjiang; Foley Joseph P; Zhang Huayan; Garber Samuel J; Gow Andrew J; Savani Rashmin C

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Dexamethasone (Dex) limits and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) promotes alveolarization. While structural changes resulting from such hormonal exposures are known, their functional consequences are unclear. Methods Neonatal rats were treated with Dex and/or RA during the first two weeks of life or were given RA after previous exposure to Dex. Morphology was assessed by light microscopy and radial alveolar counts. Function was evaluated by plethysmography at d13, pressure volu...

  18. Pulmonary scan in evaluating alveolar-interstitial syndrome in ER

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanni Volpicelli; Alessandro Mussa; Giovanna Casoli; Giorgio Garofalo; Luciano Cardinale; Fabio Perotto; Mauro Frascisco

    2006-01-01

    Diffuse comet-tail artifacts at lung ultrasound are due to thickened interlobular septa and extravascular lung water. This condition is typical of the alveolar-interstitial syndrome due to pulmonary edema, diffuse parenchymal lung disease or ARDS. Aim of our study is to assess the potential of bedside lung ultrasound to diagnose the alveolar-interstitial syndrome in patients admitted to our emergency medicine unit. The ultrasonic feature of multiple and diffuse comet-tail artifacts was invest...

  19. Dynamic thermal performance of alveolar brick construction system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → Even though U-value does not measure thermal inertia, it is the commonly used parameter. → The thermal performance analysis of buildings must include the evaluation of transient parameters. → Transient parameters of alveolar brick constructive system show good agreement with its low energy consumption. -- Abstract: Alveolar bricks are being introduced in building sector due to the simplicity of their construction system and to the elimination of the insulation material. Nevertheless, it is not clear if this new system is energetically efficient and which is its thermal behaviour. This paper presents an experimental and theoretical study to evaluate the thermal behaviour of the alveolar brick construction system, compared with a traditional Mediterranean brick system with insulation. The experimental study consists of measuring the thermal performance of four real house-like cubicles. The thermal transmittance in steady-state, also known as U-value, is calculated theoretically and experimentally for each cubicle, presenting the insulated cubicles as the best construction system, with differences around 45% in comparison to the alveolar one. On the other hand, experimental results show significantly smaller differences on the energy consumption between the alveolar and insulated construction systems during summer period (around 13% higher for the alveolar cubicle). These values demonstrate the high thermal efficiency of the alveolar system. In addition, the lack of agreement between the measured energy consumption and the calculated U-values, guides the authors to analyze the thermal inertia of the different building components. Therefore, several transient parameters, extracted from the heat transfer matrix and from experimental data, are also evaluated. It can be concluded that the alveolar brick construction system presents higher thermal inertia than the insulated one, justifying the low measured energy consumption.

  20. Horizontal alveolar bone loss: A periodontal orphan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayakumar A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Attempts to successfully regenerate lost alveolar bone have always been a clinician′s dream. Angular defects, at least, have a fairer chance, but the same cannot be said about horizontal bone loss. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of horizontal alveolar bone loss and vertical bone defects in periodontal patients; and later, to correlate it with the treatment modalities available in the literature for horizontal and vertical bone defects. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in two parts. Part I was the radiographic evaluation of 150 orthopantomographs (OPGs (of patients diagnosed with chronic periodontitis and seeking periodontal care, which were digitized and read using the AutoCAD 2006 software. All the periodontitis-affected teeth were categorized as teeth with vertical defects (if the defect angle was ≤45° and defect depth was ≥3 mm or as having horizontal bone loss. Part II of the study comprised search of the literature on treatment modalities for horizontal and vertical bone loss in four selected periodontal journals. Results: Out of the 150 OPGs studied, 54 (36% OPGs showed one or more vertical defects. Totally, 3,371 teeth were studied, out of which horizontal bone loss was found in 3,107 (92.2% teeth, and vertical defects were found only in 264 (7.8% of the teeth, which was statistically significant (P<.001. Search of the selected journals revealed 477 papers have addressed the treatment modalities for vertical and horizontal types of bone loss specifically. Out of the 477 papers, 461 (96.3% have addressed vertical bone loss, and 18 (3.7% have addressed treatment options for horizontal bone loss. Two papers have addressed both types of bone loss and are included in both categories. Conclusion: Horizontal bone loss is more prevalent than vertical bone loss but has been sidelined by researchers as very few papers have been published on the subject of regenerative treatment modalities for this type of bone loss. This study should be an impetus for greater attention to an otherwise ubiquitous periodontal challenge.

  1. Neural crest-mediated bone resorption is a determinant of species-specific jaw length.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ealba, Erin L; Jheon, Andrew H; Hall, Jane; Curantz, Camille; Butcher, Kristin D; Schneider, Richard A

    2015-12-01

    Precise control of jaw length during development is crucial for proper form and function. Previously we have shown that in birds, neural crest mesenchyme (NCM) confers species-specific size and shape to the beak by regulating molecular and histological programs for the induction and deposition of cartilage and bone. Here we reveal that a hitherto unrecognized but similarly essential mechanism for establishing jaw length is the ability of NCM to mediate bone resorption. Osteoclasts are considered the predominant cells that resorb bone, although osteocytes have also been shown to participate in this process. In adults, bone resorption is tightly coupled to bone deposition as a means to maintain skeletal homeostasis. Yet, the role and regulation of bone resorption during growth of the embryonic skeleton have remained relatively unexplored. We compare jaw development in short-beaked quail versus long-billed duck and find that quail have substantially higher levels of enzymes expressed by bone-resorbing cells including tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), Matrix metalloproteinase 13 (Mmp13), and Mmp9. Then, we transplant NCM destined to form the jaw skeleton from quail to duck and generate chimeras in which osteocytes arise from quail donor NCM and osteoclasts come exclusively from the duck host. Chimeras develop quail-like jaw skeletons coincident with dramatically elevated expression of TRAP, Mmp13, and Mmp9. To test for a link between bone resorption and jaw length, we block resorption using a bisphosphonate, osteoprotegerin protein, or an MMP13 inhibitor, and this significantly lengthens the jaw. Conversely, activating resorption with RANKL protein shortens the jaw. Finally, we find that higher resorption in quail presages their relatively lower adult jaw bone mineral density (BMD) and that BMD is also NCM-mediated. Thus, our experiments suggest that NCM not only controls bone resorption by its own derivatives but also modulates the activity of mesoderm-derived osteoclasts, and in so doing enlists bone resorption as a key patterning mechanism underlying the functional morphology and evolution of the jaw. PMID:26449912

  2. The effects of low-level laser therapy on orthodontically induced root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altan, A Burcu; Bicakci, A Altug; Mutaf, H Ilhan; Ozkut, Mahmut; Inan, V Sevinc

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive and/or reparative effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) in rats. Thirty rats were divided into four groups (short-term control (SC), short-term laser (SL), long-term control (LC), long-term laser (LL)). In all groups, the left first molar was moved mesially for 11 days. At the end of this period, the rats in groups SC and SL were killed in order to observe the resorption lacunas and to evaluate whether LLLT had any positive effect on root resorption. The groups LC and LL were remained for a healing period of 14 days in order to observe spontaneous repair of the resorption areas and investigate whether LLLT had reparative effects on root resorption. A Ga-Al-As diode laser (Doris, CTL-1106MX, Warsaw, Poland) with a wavelength of 820 nm was used. In SL group, the first molars were irradiated with the dose of 4.8 J/cm2 (50 mW, 12 s, 0.6 J) on every other day during force application. In LL group, the irradiation period was started on the day of appliance removal and the first molars were irradiated with the dose of 4.8 J/cm2 on every other day for the next 14 days. LLLT significantly increased the number of osteoblasts and fibroblasts, and inflammatory response in SL group in comparison with SC group (P?=?.001). The amount of resorption did not represent any difference between the two groups (P?=?.16). In LL group, LLLT significantly increased the number of fibroblasts and decreased the amount of resorption in comparison with LC group (P?=?.001; P?=?.02). Both parameters indicating the reparative and the resorptive processes were found to be increased by LLLT applied during orthodontic force load. LLLT applied after termination of the orthodontic force significantly alleyed resorption and enhanced/accelerated the healing of OIIRR. LLLT has significant reparative effects on OIIRR while it is not possible to say that it definitely has a preventive effect. PMID:25633918

  3. Spontaneous pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in captive "moustached tamarins" (Saguinus mystax).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michaud, C R; Ragland, D R; Shea, K I; Zerfas, P M; Kastenmayer, R J; St Claire, M C; Elkins, W R; Gozalo, A S

    2012-07-01

    Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare human disease characterized by accumulation of surfactant in alveoli without generating an inflammatory response. Lung lesions resembling pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were observed in 7 adult tamarins (5 males and 2 females). Gross lesions were characterized by areas of discoloration, slight bulging over the lung parenchyma, and occasional consolidation. Histologic examination of tamarin lung samples revealed intra-alveolar accumulation of amorphous, amphophilic, periodic acid-Schiff-positive, finely granular to dense material. In some cases, type II pneumocyte hypertrophy and hyperplasia were observed with pleural and septal thickening and fibrosis. Large numbers of intra-alveolar foamy macrophages were noted surrounding and/or in the vicinity of the lesions. Immunohistochemical analysis of the lung lesions using polyclonal (surfactant proteins A, B, and C) and monoclonal (surfactant protein D) antibodies revealed the granular material to be composed largely of surfactant protein B, followed by surfactant protein A. Surfactant proteins C and D were present in lesser quantities, with the latter observed surrounding the lipoproteinaceous deposits. Transmission electron microscopy of the affected lungs showed numerous, irregularly shaped osmiophilic lamellar bodies in type II pneumocytes. The cytoplasm in alveolar macrophages was expanded, containing ingested surfactant with swollen mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum. Thoracic radiographs, available in 1 animal, depicted the lesions as small multifocal opacities randomly distributed in cranial and diaphragmatic lung lobes. This is, to the authors' knowledge, the first report of spontaneous pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in nonhuman primates. PMID:21734058

  4. Simvastatin-doped pre-mixed calcium phosphate cement inhibits osteoclast differentiation and resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montazerolghaem, M; Rasmusson, A; Melhus, H; Engqvist, H; Karlsson Ott, M

    2016-05-01

    Simvastatin, a cholesterol lowering drug, has been shown to have positive effects on fracture healing and bone regeneration based on its dual effect; bone anabolic and anti-resorptive. In this study the focus has been on the anti-resorptive effect of the drug and its impact on the degradation of acidic calcium phosphate cement. The drug was added to the pre-mixed acidic cement in three different doses (0.1, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/g cement) and the release was measured. Furthermore the effect of the loaded cements on osteoclast differentiation and resorption was evaluated by TRAP activity, number of multinucleated cells, gene expression and calcium ion concentration in vitro using murine bone marrow macrophages. The simvastatin did not affect the cell proliferation while it clearly inhibited osteoclastic differentiation at all three doses as shown by TRAP staining, TRAP activity and gene expression. Consistent with these results, simvastatin also impaired resorption of cements by osteoclasts as indicated by reduced calcium ion concentrations. In conclusion, our findings suggest that simvastatin-doped pre-mixed acidic calcium phosphate cement inhibits the osteoclastic mediated resorption of the cement thus slowing down the degradation rate. In addition with simvastatin's bone anabolic effect it makes the cement-drug combination a promising bone graft material, especially useful for sites with compromised bone formation. PMID:26968758

  5. Lecture notes on ridge regression

    OpenAIRE

    van Wieringen, Wessel N.

    2015-01-01

    The linear regression model cannot be fitted to high-dimensional data, as the high-dimensionality brings about empirical non-identifiability. Penalized regression overcomes this non-identifiability by augmentation of the loss function by a penalty (i.e. a function of regression coefficients). The ridge penalty is the sum of squared regression coefficients, giving rise to ridge regression. Here many aspect of ridge regression are reviewed e.g. moments, mean squared error, its equivalence to co...

  6. Surgical endodontic management of an invasive cervical resorption class 4 with mineral trioxide aggregate: a 6-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Rafael; Rincón, Juan G

    2013-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption is a type of external resorption rarely seen as an adverse effect after a guided tissue regeneration procedure for a periodontal condition. This case report summarizes the surgical endodontic management of an invasive cervical resorption class 4 (Heithersay) with mineral trioxide aggregate, in a mandibular incisor of a 67-year-old man. A 6-year clinical follow-up with radiovisiography and cone-beam computerized tomography revealed complete healing. A surgical endodontic management could promote healing and survival of a tooth with advanced root resorption due to a periodontal condition. PMID:23488428

  7. Bayesian inference of the lung alveolar spatial model for the identification of alveolar mechanics associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christley, Scott; Emr, Bryanna; Ghosh, Auyon; Satalin, Josh; Gatto, Louis; Vodovotz, Yoram; Nieman, Gary F.; An, Gary

    2013-06-01

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is acute lung failure secondary to severe systemic inflammation, resulting in a derangement of alveolar mechanics (i.e. the dynamic change in alveolar size and shape during tidal ventilation), leading to alveolar instability that can cause further damage to the pulmonary parenchyma. Mechanical ventilation is a mainstay in the treatment of ARDS, but may induce mechano-physical stresses on unstable alveoli, which can paradoxically propagate the cellular and molecular processes exacerbating ARDS pathology. This phenomenon is called ventilator induced lung injury (VILI), and plays a significant role in morbidity and mortality associated with ARDS. In order to identify optimal ventilation strategies to limit VILI and treat ARDS, it is necessary to understand the complex interplay between biological and physical mechanisms of VILI, first at the alveolar level, and then in aggregate at the whole-lung level. Since there is no current consensus about the underlying dynamics of alveolar mechanics, as an initial step we investigate the ventilatory dynamics of an alveolar sac (AS) with the lung alveolar spatial model (LASM), a 3D spatial biomechanical representation of the AS and its interaction with airflow pressure and the surface tension effects of pulmonary surfactant. We use the LASM to identify the mechanical ramifications of alveolar dynamics associated with ARDS. Using graphical processing unit parallel algorithms, we perform Bayesian inference on the model parameters using experimental data from rat lung under control and Tween-induced ARDS conditions. Our results provide two plausible models that recapitulate two fundamental hypotheses about volume change at the alveolar level: (1) increase in alveolar size through isotropic volume change, or (2) minimal change in AS radius with primary expansion of the mouth of the AS, with the implication that the majority of change in lung volume during the respiratory cycle occurs in the alveolar ducts. These two model solutions correspond to significantly different mechanical properties of the tissue, and we discuss the implications of these different properties and the requirements for new experimental data to discriminate between the hypotheses.

  8. Cardiovascular risk in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manali, Effrosyni D; Papadaki, Georgia; Konstantonis, Dimitrios; Tsangaris, Iraklis; Papaioannou, Andriana I; Kolilekas, Likurgos; Schams, Andrea; Kagouridis, Konstantinos; Karakatsani, Anna; Orfanos, Stylianos; Griese, Matthias; Papiris, Spyros A

    2016-02-01

    We hypothesized that cardiovascular events and/or indices of cardiac dysfunction may be increased in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). Systemic and pulmonary arterial hypertension, arrhythmias, pulmonary embolism, stroke and ischemic heart attack were reported. Patients underwent serum anti-GM-CSF antibodies, disease severity score (DSS), Doppler transthoracic echocardiograph, glucose, thyroid hormones, lipids, troponin and pro-Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) examination. Thirteen patients (8 female) were studied, median age of 47. Pro-BNP inversely related to DLCO% and TLC%; troponin directly related to DSS, age, P(A-a)O2, left atrium-, left ventricle-end-diastole diameter and BMI. On multiple regression analysis DSS was the only parameter significantly and strongly related with troponin (R(2) = 0.776, p = 0.007). No cardiovascular event was reported during follow-up. In PAP cardiovascular risk indices relate to lung disease severity. Therefore, PAP patients could be at increased risk for cardiovascular events. Quantitation of its magnitude and potential links to lungs' physiologic derangement will be addressed in future studies. PMID:26558331

  9. [Alveolar soft part sarcoma in pediatric patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paillard, Catherine; Coulomb, Aurore; Helfre, Sylvie; Orbach, Daniel

    2015-09-01

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma, ASPS, is a rare malignant tumor, with preferential primary localization in limbs, usually occurring in adolescents and young adults. This sarcoma, well defined histologically and at molecular level, has an indolent course, but a high potential metastatic pulmonary and cerebral evolution, sometimes late. ASPS is characterized by an almost specific translocation t(X, 17)(p11;25) which creates a fusion protein, APSL-TFE3, acting as an aberrant transcription factor. An in-bloc resection of the primary tumor is the treatment of choice in cases of localized disease. Conventional chemotherapy is generally ineffective. The role of radiotherapy is discussed in case of micro- or macroscopical incomplete residue. It seems to reduce local recurrence, but did not influence overall survival. The 5 years survival rate in children, adolescents and young adults is close to 80% in case of localized disease but poorer in presence of metastases. Recently, systemic anti-tumoral treatments have been focused on the use of targeted therapies. Anti-angiogenic drugs and tyrosine kinase inhibitors are the most promising approaches, but require further study. Prognostic risk factors in the literature are age (>10Y), tumor size (>5cm) and presence of metastases. This article reviews the clinical manifestations, diagnosis modalities, radiographic characteristics and therapeutic strategy of this disease in the pediatric population. PMID:26235420

  10. Computed tomography of the alveolar bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In addition to the conventional radiological methods used in odontology, computed tomography (CT) provides superposition-free images of the mandible and maxilla. Its value has been proved not only in cases of malignancy but also in many other problems. If an examination is performed with a slice thickness of less than 1.5 mm, the form and position of retained teeth in the alveolar bone, as well as subsequent lesions of neighboring permanent teeth, can be visualized so that early treatment can be planned. If the parodontal space of a retained tooth is visible, orthodontic intervention is possible. Precise assessment of horizontal or vertical bone loss is essential in inflammatory dental diseases. The morphology and extent of benign cystic lesions are also shown by CT. With CT surgical strategy of an intended implant therapy can take into account the remaining bone substance and the exact position of nerves and foramina. If such therapy is possible, the location, form and number of implants are easily defined. (orig.)

  11. Populations at risk for alveolar echinococcosis, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piarroux, Martine; Piarroux, Renaud; Knapp, Jenny; Bardonnet, Karine; Dumortier, Jérôme; Watelet, Jérôme; Gerard, Alain; Beytout, Jean; Abergel, Armand; Bresson-Hadni, Solange; Gaudart, Jean

    2013-05-01

    During 1982-2007, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) was diagnosed in 407 patients in France, a country previously known to register half of all European patients. To better define high-risk groups in France, we conducted a national registry-based study to identify areas where persons were at risk and spatial clusters of cases. We interviewed 180 AE patients about their way of life and compared responses to those of 517 controls. We found that almost all AE patients lived in 22 départements in eastern and central France (relative risk 78.63, 95% CI 52.84-117.02). Classification and regression tree analysis showed that the main risk factor was living in AE-endemic areas. There, most at-risk populations lived in rural settings (odds ratio [OR] 66.67, 95% CI 6.21-464.51 for farmers and OR 6.98, 95% CI 2.88-18.25 for other persons) or gardened in nonrural settings (OR 4.30, 95% CI 1.82-10.91). These findings can help sensitization campaigns focus on specific groups. PMID:23647623

  12. [The interdisciplinary fixed restoration of an edentulous maxilla with a marked resorption of the alveolar crest. A case report. Part II: the definitive restoration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teubner, Eckart; Pietrobon, Nic; Lorenzon, Andreas; Marinello, Carlo P

    2009-01-01

    Different materials and methods can be used for edentulous maxillae rehabilitations. A precise fit between the implant and the framework is assumed. Hence, often implant suprastructures made by conventional lost wax techniques lack such a fit and a secondary modification is necessary. Alternatively the CNC-milling technique provides implant frameworks with a passive fit made of titanium and recently also of zirconia. This article describes the fabrication of a fixed complete dental prosthesis supported by seven implants in an edentulous maxilla. Two prostheses were fabricated, one made of a titanium framework veneered with resin and one made experimentally of a zirconia framework veneered with ceramics. The clinical and technical steps are documented and discussed. PMID:19579837

  13. Diets Based on Virgin Olive Oil or Fish Oil but Not on Sunflower Oil Prevent Age-Related Alveolar Bone Resorption by Mitochondrial-Related Mechanisms

    OpenAIRE

    Bull??n, Pedro; Battino, Maurizio; Varela-L??pez, Alfonso; P??rez-L??pez, Patricia; Granados Principal, Sergio; Ram??rez Tortosa, Mar??a del Carmen; Ochoa, Julio J.; Cordero, Mario D.; Gonz??lez-Alonso, Adrian; Ram??rez Tortosa, C??sar Luis; Rubini, Corrado; Zizzi, Antonio; Quiles Morales, Jos?? Luis

    2013-01-01

    Background/Objectives: Aging enhances frequency of chronic diseases like cardiovascular diseases or periodontitis. Here we reproduced an age-dependent model of the periodontium, a fully physiological approach to periodontal conditions, to evaluate the impact of dietary fat type on gingival tissue of young (6 months old) and old (24 months old) rats. Methods/Findings: Animals were fed life-long on diets based on monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) as virgin olive oil, n-6 pol...

  14. Immunoproteasome dysfunction augments alternative polarization of alveolar macrophages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, S; Kammerl, I E; Vosyka, O; Baumann, T; Yu, Y; Wu, Y; Irmler, M; Overkleeft, H S; Beckers, J; Eickelberg, O; Meiners, S; Stoeger, T

    2016-06-01

    The proteasome is a central regulatory hub for intracellular signaling by degrading numerous signaling mediators. Immunoproteasomes are specialized types of proteasomes involved in shaping adaptive immune responses, but their role in innate immune signaling is still elusive. Here, we analyzed immunoproteasome function for polarization of alveolar macrophages, highly specialized tissue macrophages of the alveolar lung surface. Classical activation (M1 polarization) of primary alveolar macrophages by LPS/IFNγ transcriptionally induced all three immunoproteasome subunits, low molecular mass protein 2 (LMP2), LMP7 and multicatalytic endopeptidase complex-like 1, which was accompanied by increased immunoproteasome activity in M1 cells. Deficiency of LMP7 had no effect on the LPS/IFNγ-triggered M1 profile indicating that immunoproteasome function is dispensable for classical alveolar macrophage activation. In contrast, IL-4 triggered alternative (M2) activation of primary alveolar macrophages was accompanied by a transcriptionally independent amplified expression of LMP2 and LMP7 and an increase in immunoproteasome activity. Alveolar macrophages from LMP7 knockout mice disclosed a distorted M2 profile upon IL-4 stimulation as characterized by increased M2 marker gene expression and CCL17 cytokine release. Comparative transcriptome analysis revealed enrichment of IL-4-responsive genes and of genes involved in cellular response to defense, wounding and inflammation in LMP7-deficient alveolar macrophages indicating a distinct M2 inflammation resolving phenotype. Moreover, augmented M2 polarization was accompanied by amplified AKT/STAT6 activation and increased RNA and protein expression of the M2 master transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 4 in LMP7(-/-) alveolar macrophages. IL-13 stimulation of LMP7-deficient macrophages induced a similar M2-skewed profile indicative for augmented signaling via the IL-4 receptor α (IL4Rα). IL4Rα expression was generally elevated only on protein but not RNA level in LMP7(-/-) alveolar macrophages. Importantly, specific catalytic inhibition with an LMP7-specific proteasome inhibitor confirmed augmented IL-4-mediated M2 polarization of alveolar macrophages. Our results thus suggest a novel role of immunoproteasome function for regulating alternative activation of macrophages by limiting IL4Rα expression and signaling. PMID:26990663

  15. Resorption of impacted teeth as a marker of squamous cell carcinoma infiltrating the mandible

    OpenAIRE

    Colin Liew; Nicolas Dulguerov; Donald Murray Walker; Sathesh Balasundram

    2013-01-01

    The invasion of the mandible by oral squamous cell carcinoma has been firmly demonstrated by anatomical and histological studies.Although squamous cell carcinomas may induce resorption of the roots of standing teeth, there have been no reports of them also causing resorption of the crowns of teeth. A 73-year-old patient presented with an invading buccal squamous cell carcinoma. Radiological investigations showed tumour invasion of the dentate region of the left mandible and resorption of the...

  16. Comparison between two tomographic sections in the diagnosis of external root resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Afonso Lermen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of coronal and sagittal CT sections to detect cavities simulating root resorption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 mandibular incisors were embedded in plaster bases, and cavities with 0.6, 1.2 or 1.8 mm in diameter and 0.3, 0.6 or 0.9 mm in depth (small, medium and large cavities were drilled on the buccal surfaces with high-speed round burs with diameters of 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 mm to simulate external inflammatory root resorption. Simulations in the cervical, middle and apical thirds of each tooth root were made randomly. The Dental Scan software was used to obtain 1-mm-thick axial images from direct scanning, which were reconstructed in the coronal and sagittal planes using 3D software (Syngo FastView. Each series was loaded into the software. Fourteen images of each tooth were reconstructed in the coronal plane and 14 in the sagittal plane. A total of 1,652 images were obtained for analysis. Series information, tooth number and the plane reconstructed were stored. The images generated were saved on a CD-ROM together with the visualization software (Syngo FastView. Images were analyzed by a previously calibrated blinded, radiologist. Cochran's Q test was conducted separately for each region analyzed followed by pair-wise comparison by the McNemar test (p=0.05. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference (p>0.05 was observed in the diagnosis of simulated resorption between the apical, middle, and coronal thirds. When the axial plane was assessed separately, diagnoses were statistically different (p0.05 between planes, irrespective of the third in which the resorptions were located. CONCLUSION: When tomographic sections are requested for the diagnosis of buccal or lingual external root resorption, sagittal sections afford the best image characterization of the resorption process.

  17. Association between root resorption incident to orthodontic treatment and treatment factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motokawa, Masahide; Sasamoto, Tomoko; Kaku, Masato; Kawata, Toshitsugu; Matsuda, Yayoi; Terao, Akiko; Tanne, Kazuo

    2012-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the prevalence and degree of root resorption induced by orthodontic treatment in association with treatment factors. The files of 243 patients (72 males and 171 females) aged 9-51 years were randomly selected from subjects treated with multi-bracket appliances. The severity of root resorption was classified into five categories on radiographs taken before and after treatment. The subjects were divided into extraction (n = 113 patients, 2805 teeth) and non-extraction (n = 130 patients, 3616 teeth) groups and surgical (n = 56 patients, 1503 teeth) and non-surgical treatment (n = 187 patients, 4918 teeth) groups. These subjects were also divided into two or three groups based on the duration of multiloop edgewise archwire (MEAW) treatment, elastic use, and total treatment time: 0 month (T1; n = 184 patients, 4831 teeth), range 1-6 months (T2; n = 37 patients, 994 teeth), more than 6 months (T3; n = 22 patients, 596 teeth); range 0-6 months (n = 114 patients, 3016 teeth) more than 6 months (n = 129 patients, 3405 teeth); range 1-30 months (n = 148 patients, 3913 teeth) and more than 30 months (n = 95 patients, 2508 teeth). The prevalence of overall and severe root resorption evaluated by the number of subjects and teeth was compared with a chi-square test. A Student's t-test for unpaired data was used to determine any statistically significant differences. The prevalence of severe root resorption based on the number of teeth was significantly higher in the group with extractions (P MEAW appliance and elastics also produced a significantly higher prevalence of root resorption (P MEAW appliance and elastics, treatment time, and distance of tooth movement are risk factors for severe root resorption. PMID:21811005

  18. Aging Leads to a Dysregulation in Mechanically Driven Bone Formation and Resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razi, Hajar; Birkhold, Annette I; Weinkamer, Richard; Duda, Georg N; Willie, Bettina M; Checa, Sara

    2015-10-01

    Physical activity is essential to maintain skeletal mass and structure, but its effect seems to diminish with age. To test the hypothesis that bone becomes less sensitive to mechanical strain with age, we used a combined in vivo/in silico approach. We investigated how maturation and aging influence the mechanical regulation of bone formation and resorption to 2 weeks of noninvasive in vivo controlled loading in mice. Using 3D in vivo morphometrical assessment of longitudinal microcomputed tomography images, we quantified sites in the mouse tibia where bone was deposited or resorbed in response to controlled in vivo loading. We compared the (re)modeling events (formation/resorption/quiescent) to the mechanical strains induced at these sites (predicted using finite element analysis). Mice of all age groups (young, adult, and elderly) responded to loading with increased formation and decreased resorption, preferentially at high strains. Low strains were associated with no anabolic response in adult and elderly mice, whereas young animals showed a strong response. Adult animals showed a clear separation between strain ranges where formation and resorption occurred but without an intermediate quiescent "lazy zone". This strain threshold disappeared in elderly mice, as mechanically induced (re)modeling became dysregulated, apparent in an inability to inhibit resorption or initiate formation. Contrary to what is generally believed until now, aging does not shift the mechanical threshold required to initiate formation or resorption, but rather blurs its specificity. These data suggest that pharmaceutical strategies augmenting physical exercise should consider this dysfunction in the mechanical regulation of bone (re)modeling to more effectively combat age-related bone loss. PMID:25857303

  19. The Effect of Ovariectomy and Orchiectomy on Orthodontic Tooth Movement and Root Resorption in Wistar Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massoud Seifi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Statement of the Problem: Root resorption (RR after orthodontic tooth movement (OTM is known as a multifactorial complication of orthodontic treatments. Hormonal deficiencies and their effect on bone turnover are reported to have influences on the rate of tooth movement and root resorption. Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of female and male steroid sex hormones on tooth movement and root resorption. Materials and Method: Orthodontic appliances were placed on the right maxillary first molars of 10 ovariectomized female and 10 orchiectomized male Wistar rats as experimental groups and 10 female and 10 male healthy Wistar rats as control groups. NiTi closed-coil springs (9mm, Medium, 011"×.030", Ortho Technology®; Tampa, Florida were placed between the right incisors and the first right maxillary molars to induce tipping movement in the first molars with the application of a 60g force. After 21 days, the rats were sacrificed and tooth movement was measured by using a digital caliper (Guanglu, China. Orthodontic induced root resorption (OIRR was assessed by histomorphometric analysis after hematoxylin and eosin staining of sections of the mesial root. Results: The rate of tooth movement was significantly higher in all female rats, with the root resorption being lower in the experimental group. The rate of tooth movement in experimental male rats was significantly higher than the control group (p= 0.001 and the rate of root resorption was significantly lower in the experimental group (p= 0.001. Conclusion: It seems that alterations in plasma levels of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone hormones can influence the rate of OTM and RR. The acceleration in tooth movement increased OTM and decreased RR.

  20. Glucocorticoid-Induced Changes in the Geometry of Osteoclast Resorption Cavities Affect Trabecular Bone Stiffness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vanderoost, Jef; Søe, Kent; Merrild, Ditte Marie Horslev; Delaissé, Jean-Marie; van Lenthe, G Harry

    2012-01-01

    /BV, which is closely related to the shape of the cavities, highly determines the stiffness effect. The lumbar spine was the anatomic site most affected by the GC-induced changes on the shape of the cavities. These findings might explain the clinical observation that the prevalence of vertebral fractures......Bone fracture risk can increase through bone microstructural changes observed in bone pathologies, such as glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Resorption cavities present one of these microstructural aspects. We recently found that glucocorticoids (GCs) affect the shape of the resorption cavities...... during GC treatment increases more than hip, forearm and other nonvertebral fractures....

  1. Responses of plant nutrient resorption to phosphorus addition in freshwater marsh of Northeast China

    OpenAIRE

    Rong Mao; De-Hui Zeng; Xin-Hou Zhang; Chang-Chun Song

    2015-01-01

    Anthropogenic activities have increased phosphorus (P) inputs to most aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. However, the relationship between plant nutrient resorption and P availability is still unclear, and much less is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here, we used a multi-level P addition experiment (0, 1.2, 4.8, and 9.6 g P m−2 year−1) to assess the effect of P enrichment on nutrient resorption at plant organ, species, and community levels in a freshwater marsh of Northeast China. Th...

  2. Influence of radiation resorption on criteria of the existence of local thermodynamic equilibrium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denisova, N.V.; Preobrazhenskii, N.G.; Sevast' yanenko, V.G.

    1986-12-01

    The emission of radiation from a plasma volume upsets the Boltzmann equilibrium. A number of authors have proposed criteria for approximate testing of the existence of local thermodynamic equilibrium on the basis of collision and radiation processes. However, those criteria give excessive values, because they do not take into account radiation resorption, which can moderate the test conditions. The present article is concerned with the influence of radiation resorption on the criterion of the existence of local thermodynamic equilibrium in a low-temperature plasma. The domain of existence of local thermodynamic equilibrium (in the sense of Saha-Boltzmann equilibrium) is calculated for electric arcs.

  3. Asymmetric [14C]albumin transport across bullfrog alveolar epithelium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bullfrog lungs were prepared as planar sheets and bathed with Ringer solution in Ussing chambers. In the presence of a constant electrical gradient (20, 0, or -20 mV) across the tissue, 14C-labeled bovine serum albumin or inulin was instilled into the upstream reservoir and the rate of appearance of the tracer in the downstream reservoir was monitored. Two lungs from the same animal were used to determine any directional difference in tracer fluxes. An apparent permeability coefficient was estimated from a relationship between normalized downstream radioactivities and time. Results showed that the apparent permeability of albumin in the alveolar to pleural direction across the alveolar epithelial barrier is 2.3 X 10(-7) cm/s, significantly greater (P less than 0.0005) than that in the pleural to alveolar direction (5.3 X 10(-8) cm/s) when the tissue was short circuited. Permeability of inulin, on the other hand, did not show any directional dependence and averaged 3.1 X 10(-8) cm/s in both directions. There was no effect on radiotracer fluxes permeabilities of different electrical gradients across the tissue. Gel electrophoretograms and corresponding radiochromatograms suggest that the large and asymmetric isotope fluxes are not primarily due to digestion or degradation of labeled molecules. Inulin appears to traverse the alveolar epithelial barrier by simple diffusion through hydrated paracellular pathways. On the other hand, [14C]albumin crosses the alveolar epithelium more rapidly than would be expected by simple diffusion. These asymmetric and large tracer fluxes suggest that a specialized mechanism is present in alveolar epithelium that may be capable of helping to remove albumin from the alveolar space

  4. Serological diagnosis of canine alveolar echinococcosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staebler, Sandra; Grimm, Felix; Glaus, Tony; Kapel, Christian M O; Haller, Markus; Hasler, Andreas; Hanosset, Rgis; Deplazes, Peter

    2006-11-01

    Canine alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a rare liver disease caused by the larval stage (metacestode) of E. multilocularis. Its diagnosis so far is rather difficult and invasive. Imaging techniques for the diagnosis have been described recently and in this study, the serological diagnosis of canine AE was evaluated in 30 dogs with confirmed AE using ELISA based on seven different antigens (E. multilocularis-antigens: Em2G11, EmII/3-10, protoscolex (EmP), excretory/secretory and adult integument (EmAd/I); E. granulosus antigens: hydatid fluid (EgHF) and antigen B (EgAgB)) and by the detection of circulating Em2G11-antigen. EmII/3-10 and Em2G11-based tests detected AE in 50 and 53%. The combined serological investigation for specific circulating Em2G11-antigen and specific antibodies against this antigen showed a sensitivity of 77%. This strategy is useful in animals with large parasite masses and ascites. The highest sensitivities for AE were obtained by the EmAd/I and the EmP antigens (97 and 93% sensitivity) with high specificities in the control group of 76 dogs (100 and 98.7%, respectively). Heterologous E. granulosus antigens (EgHF and EgAgB) showed low sensitivities (43 and 50%, respectively) with high numbers of unspecific reactions (>16%) in the control group. In the follow-up of four dogs, the serological reaction patterns against the antigens Em2G11, EmP and EmAd/I showed some correlations with the development of the parasite mass. Intestinal infections cannot be differentiated from AE by most antigens (except EmII/3-10) and have to be excluded by the absence of coproantigens or DNA of E. multilocularis in faecal samples. PMID:16822617

  5. Effectiveness of Lateral Bone Augmentation on the Alveolar Crest Dimension: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz-Sánchez, I; Ortiz-Vigón, A; Sanz-Martín, I; Figuero, E; Sanz, M

    2015-09-01

    Lateral ridge augmentation procedures are aimed to reconstruct deficient alveolar ridges or to build up peri-implant dehiscence and fenestrations. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of these interventions by analyzing data from 40 clinical studies evaluating bone augmentation through either the staged or the simultaneous approach. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses) guideline for systematic reviews was used. The primary outcomes were the changes at reentry, in the ridge width, and in the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the peri-implant defect, measured in millimeters, in the staged and simultaneous approaches, respectively. The results of the meta-analysis showed, for the simultaneous approach, a statistically significant defect height reduction when all treatments were analyzed together (weighted mean difference [WMD] = -4.28 mm; 95% confidence interval: [CI] -4.88, -3.69; P 95%) for the implants placed on the regenerated sites. Nonexposed sites gained significantly more in the simultaneous and staged approaches (WMD = 1.1 and 3.1 mm). PMID:26215467

  6. Influence of balanced occlusion in complete dentures on the decrease in reduction of an edentulous ridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poštić Srđan D.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Balanced occlusal arrangement of artificial teeth and balanced occlusion is a specific type of occlusion that preserves the stability of complete dentures. Balanced occlusion comprises realization of tooth contacts at the working side as well as at the balancing side, at the same time. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of balanced occlusal arrangement of artificial teeth on the decrease in reduction of edentulous alveolar ridge. Methods. A longitudinal study on 91 fully edentulous patients was conducted using their panoramic radiographs and parameters of vertical dimension of edentulous ridges. All the patients were clinically examined by the same and a qualified dental practitioner. Numerical values of parameters of vertical dimensions of edentulous ridges and lines were statistically processed and compared using the Student’s t-test. Results. Vertical dimensions and heights of edentulous ridges were different after comparison of parameters in complete denture wearers with balanced occlusion and complete denture wearers without bilaterally balanced occlusion, as well as between male and female edentulous patients. Statistically significant differences of heights were established in complete denture wearers’ with a set of artificial teeth without balanced occlusion, at the baseline and 12 months after wearing of complete dentures. Conclusion. Balanced occlusion is a favored occlusal design in setting of artificial teeth in conventional complete dentures, which preserves edentulous ridge and influence the stability of dentures.

  7. The clinical study of the early soft tissue healing and marginal bone resorption after non-submerged implants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the amount of early marginal bone resorption in the first three months after non-submerged implants and to explore the relationship between the amount of early marginal bone resorption and the soft tissue healing in the first month. Method: ITI with non-submerged implants were implanted in 33 patients. Digital panoramic radiographs were taken during the operation, one month and three months later. The amount of marginal bone resorption was measured in the first, second and the third month after implant operation. The soft tissue healing was observed after 10 days. Results: There was significant difference (P<0.01) in the amount of early marginal bone resorption between one month and three months later. The early marginal bone resorption in the first month after implantation kept correlation with the soft tissue healing on 10th day(r=0.794, P<0.01). Conclusion: The amount of early marginal bone resorption in the first month exceeds that in the second and the third months after implant operation, and the soft tissue healing affects the amount of early marginal bone resorption in the first month. Biological seal is the critical factor influencing the early marginal bone resorption. (authors)

  8. Screening of protein kinase inhibitors identifies PKC inhibitors as inhibitors of osteoclastic acid secretion and bone resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mette G; Henriksen, Kim; Sørensen, Mette Guldmann; Karsdal, Morten A; Dziegiel, Morten H; Boutin, Jean A; Nosjean, Olivier; Henriksen, Kim Steen

    2010-01-01

    Bone resorption is initiated by osteoclastic acidification of the resorption lacunae. This process is mediated by secretion of protons through the V-ATPase and chloride through the chloride antiporter ClC-7. To shed light on the intracellular signalling controlling extracellular acidification, we...... screened a protein kinase inhibitor library in human osteoclasts....

  9. A possible association between early apical resorption of primary teeth and ectodermal characteristics of the permanent dentition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bille, M L B; Kvetny, M J; Kjaer, I

    2008-01-01

    apical resorption in the primary dentition. Panoramic radiographs of 12 children (7 boys and 5 girls) aged 6 years 4 months to 8 years 9 months with unexpected early apical resorption of primary teeth were identified from a dental archive of 588 patients. After written request, follow-up radiographs were...

  10. Alveolar Edema Fluid Clearance and Acute Lung Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berthiaume, Yves; Matthay, Michael A.

    2009-01-01

    Although lung-protective ventilation strategies have substantially reduced mortality of acute lung injury patients there is still a need for new therapies that can further decrease mortality in patients with acute lung injury. Studies of epithelial ion and fluid transport across the distal pulmonary epithelia have provided important new concepts regarding potential new therapies for acute lung injury. Overall, there is convincing evidence that the alveolar epithelium is not only a tight epithelial barrier that resists the movement of edema fluid into the alveoli, but it is also actively involved in the transport of ions and solutes, a process that is essential for edema fluid clearance and the resolution of acute lung injury. The objective of this article is to consider some areas of recent progress in the field of alveolar fluid transport under normal and pathologic conditions. Vectorial ion transport across the alveolar and distal airway epithelia is the primary determinant of alveolar fluid clearance. The general paradigm is that active Na+ and Cl? transport drives net alveolar fluid clearance, as demonstrated in several different species, including the human lung. Although these transport processes can be impaired in severe lung injury, multiple experimental studies suggest that upregulation of Na+ and Cl? transport might be an effective therapy in acute lung injury. We will review mechanisms involved in pharmacological modulation of ion transport in lung injury with a special focus on the use of ?-adrenergic agonists which has generated considerable interest and is a promising therapy for clinical acute lung injury. PMID:17604701

  11. Acute cigarette smoke exposure increases alveolar permeability in rabbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors measured lung clearance of aerosolized technetium-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (/sup 99m/TcDTPA) as an index of alveolar epithelial permeability in rabbits exposed to cigarette smoke. Eighteen rabbits were randomly assigned to 3 equal-size groups: control, all smoke exposure (ASE), and limited smoke exposure (LSE). Cigarette or sham smoke was delivered by syringe in a series of 5, 10, 20, and 30 tidal volume breaths with a 20-min counting period between each subset of breaths to determine /sup 99m/TcDTPA biologic half-life (T1/2). Mean T1/2 minimum was significantly lower for ASE and LSE rabbits than by control rabbits. They observed a significant difference at 20 and 30 breath exposures between the control and ASE group mean values for T1/2, arterial blood pressure, and peak airway pressure. A combination of light and electron microscopy showed focal alveolar edema and hemorrhage in the ASE and LSE groups but no alveolar-capillary membrane damage. In summary, acute cigarette smoke exposure increases alveolar permeability as measured by /sup 99m/TcDTPA clearance, but there was no detectable ultrastructural alteration of the alveolar-capillary membrane

  12. The effect of exogenous surfactant on alveolar interdependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salito, Caterina; Aliverti, Andrea; Mazzuca, Enrico; Rivolta, Ilaria; Miserocchi, Giuseppe

    2015-05-01

    To investigate the nature of alveolar mechanical interdependence, we purposefully disturbed the equilibrium condition by administering exogenous surfactant in physiological non-surfactant deprived conditions. Changes in alveolar morphology induced by intra-tracheal delivery of CUROSURF were evaluated after opening a pleural window allowing in-vivo microscopic imaging of sub-pleural alveoli in 6 male anesthetized, tracheotomized and mechanically ventilated rabbits. Surfactant instillation increased the surface area of alveoli smaller than 20,000 ?m(2) up to ? 50% at 15 min after instillation, reflecting a lowering of surface tension due to local surfactant enrichment. Conversely, for alveoli greater than 20,000 ?m(2), surface area decreased by ? 5%. Opposite changes in alveolar surface are interpreted as reflecting a new inter-alveolar mechanical equilibrium modified by local surfactant distribution and by a decrease in lung distending pressure. We propose that smaller alveoli, representing the majority of alveolar population, might mostly contribute to improve the oxygenation index following surfactant replacement therapy in case of surfactant deficiency. PMID:25600053

  13. The evolution of ridged ice fields

    OpenAIRE

    Lensu, Mikko

    2003-01-01

    Ridges are elongated ice cover features created by local deformation. In the Baltic the visible part of the ridge, the sail, is typically 1-3 m high while the bulk of the ridge volume is contained to the 5-15 m deep subsurface keel. In larger scales ridging creates ridged ice fields. The modeling of ridges and ridged ice fields is important for dynamic ice drift models, for ice navigating ships, and for the estimation of ice loads exerted against offshore structures. Ridge fields are quan...

  14. Facilitation of bone resorption activities in synovial lavage fluid patients with mandibular condyle fractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takano, H; Takahashi, T; Nakata, A; Nogami, S; Yusa, K; Kuwajima, S; Yamazaki, M; Fukuda, M

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the bone resorption effect of the mediators delivered in joint cavity of patients with mandibular condyle fractures by detecting osteoclast markers using cellular biochemistry methods, and by analysing bone resorption activities via inducing osteoclast differentiation of the infiltrated cells from arthrocentesis. Sixteen joints in 10 patients with mandibular condyle fractures were evaluated. The control group consisted of synovial fluid (SF) samples from seven joints of four volunteers who had no clinical signs or symptoms involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) or disc displacement. We collected SF cells from all patients during therapeutic arthrocentesis. The infiltrating cells from TMJ SF were cultured, differentiated into tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive osteoclast-like cells and examined bone resorption activities. We also investigated factors related to osteoclast induction of SF, using ELISA procedures. Osteoclast-like cells were induced from the SF cells obtained from all patients with condylar fractures. These multinucleated giant cells were positive for TRAP and actin, and had the ability to absorb dentin slices. The levels of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), soluble form of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (sRANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG), in SF samples from the patients, were significantly higher than in the controls. These findings indicate that bone resorption activities in SF from patients with mandibular condyle fractures were upregulated and may participate in the pathogenesis and wound healing. PMID:26946239

  15. Subligamentary resorption of bone at the caudal end of the lateral clavicula in secondary hyperparathyroidism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Next to the less frequently found hyperostosis and soft tissue calcinations, the main radiological signs indicating hyperparathyroidism are intracortical and subperiostal resorption of bone, and osteolysis. Their different manifestations in the X-ray picture lead to the diagnoses discussed in this article. (orig.)

  16. Nitrogen Resorption and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Cacao Agroforestry Systems Managed Differently in Central Sulawesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TRIADIATI

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Cacao agroforestry is a traditional form of agriculture practiced by the people of Central Sulawesi. These agroforestry systems vary from a simple system following selective cutting of forest trees, to a more sophisticated planting design. The cacao was planted under remaining forest covers (CF1, under planted trees (CF2, and between shade trees Gliricidia sepium (CP. The objectives of this study were to quantify nitrogen use efficiency (N NUE and nitrogen resorption in cacao agroforestry systems. The N NUE at the ecosystem scale (N NUEES for the cacao agroforestry systems were compared with the natural forest. The results showed that CP produced the highest litterfall and cacao foliar nitrogen. CP and CF1 produced litterfall and the nitrogen resorption that not were significantly different. In contrast, CF2 produced the lowest litterfall, hence required lower nitrogen supply. The nitrogen resorption of CF2 was less than that of CF1 and CP. However, N NUE in cacao plant (N NUEC of CF2 was higher than that of the CP. The N NUEES of either CF1 or CF2 were similar to that of the natural forest, but higher than that of the CP. Using shade trees in cacao plantations increased foliar nitrogen concentration, nitrogen resorption, N NUEC and N NUEES; thus, might be one reason for a higher productivity of cacao in unshaded systems.

  17. Effect of glucagon-like peptide-2 exposure on bone resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askov-Hansen, Carsten; Jeppesen, Palle B; Lund, Pernille; Hartmann, Bolette; Holst, Jens Juul; Henriksen, Dennis B

    2013-01-01

    In healthy subjects, subcutaneous injections of GLP-2 have been shown to elicit dose-related decrease in the bone resorption marker, carboxy-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), and have been proposed for the treatment of osteoporosis. This study investigated the relation between GLP-2 ...

  18. Treatment with Potassium Bicarbonate Lowers Calcium Excretion and Bone Resorption in Older Men and Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bicarbonate has been implicated in bone health in older subjects on acid-producing diets in short-term studies. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of potassium bicarbonate and its components on changes in bone resorption and calcium excretion over 3 months in older men and wom...

  19. Osteoprotegerin deficiency attenuates strontium-mediated inhibition of osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Songlin; Liu, X Sherry; Zhou, Guangqian; Li, Zhaoyang; Luk, Keith D K; Guo, X Edward; Lu, W William

    2011-06-01

    Strontium (Sr) exerts an anabolic and antiresorptive effect on bone, but the mechanism remains unknown. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) expressed by osteoblasts plays an important role in regulating bone homeostasis by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. This study aims at evaluating the role of OPG in Sr-mediated inhibition of osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. Six-week-old Opg knockout (KO) male mice and their wild-type (WT) littermates were treated orally with vehicle (Veh) or Sr compound (4 mmol/kg) daily for 8 weeks. Bone mass and microstructure in the lumbar spine (L(4)) and proximal tibia were analyzed with micro-computed tomography (CT). Bone remodeling was evaluated with serum biochemical analysis and static and dynamic bone histomorphometry. Osteoclast differentiation potential and gene expression were analyzed in bone marrow cells. The findings demonstrate that Sr compound treatment results in greater bone volume and trabecular number than Veh treatment in WT mice. The anabolic response of trabecular bone to Sr treatment is attenuated in KO mice. Although Sr treatment significantly decreases in vitro osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption in WT mice, these effects are attenuated in KO mice. Furthermore, Sr treatment profoundly increases Opg gene expression in the tibias and OPG protein levels in the sera of WT mice. This study concludes that the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption is possibly associated with OPG upregulation by Sr treatment. PMID:21611968

  20. Management of a massive resorptive lesion with multiple perforations in a molar: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borkar, Swati; de Noronha de Ataide, Ida

    2015-05-01

    Internal resorption is usually asymptomatic. Large resorption defects may result in penetration of the root dentin leading to perforation. In this case report, we describe the diagnosis and nonsurgical repair of a large resorptive lesion with multiple perforations in a mandibular first molar using cone-beam computed tomographic technology. The 3 different root perforations were located in the mesial root and repaired using Biodentine (Septodont, Saint-Maur des Fossés, France). The mesial root weakened from resorption was reinforced by replacing the lost root dentin with calcium silicate-based cement and placement of a glass fiber post. The 18-month follow-up confirmed remineralization of the osseous defect and asymptomatic function of the tooth. A further follow-up at 43 months revealed retention of the tooth and absence of root fracture. Usually, a tooth with multiple perforations and such a severe tooth material loss would have been destined for extraction. However, with contemporary diagnostic techniques such as cone-beam computed tomography and use of advanced biomaterials and root reinforcement methods, such teeth can be salvaged. PMID:25728818

  1. [Topics for basic research(osteoclast and bone resorption)in ASBMR 2015].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udagawa, Nobuyuki

    2016-01-01

    This is a brief report summarizing topics in ASBMR 2015 held at Washington State Convention Center in Seattle on October 9-12th. In this paper, I report some topics from presentation of basic research(especially osteoclast and bone resorption)in ASBMR 2015. PMID:26728539

  2. Estrogen directly attenuates human osteoclastogenesis, but has no effect on resorption by mature osteoclasts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, M G; Henriksen, K; Dziegiel, Morten Hanefeld; Tankó, L B; Karsdal, M A

    2006-01-01

    not affect bone resorption or TRACP activity. We investigated expression of the estrogen receptors, using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting. We found that ER-alpha is expressed in osteoclast precursors, whereas ER- beta is expressed at all stages, indicating that the inhibitory effect of...

  3. On the assessment of radionuclide resorption from the gastro-intestinal tract of the blood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparison of the resorption rates measured for the radionuclides Ce, Co, Pu, Ru, Sr and Zn as well as the vitamin B12 with the recommendations for calculation given by the SSK showed that the values used by the SSK partly are too low by orders of magnitude. The dose factors therefore no longer correspond to the international level of science. (DG)

  4. Acute alveolar hypoxia increases bronchopulmonary shunt flow in the dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, R L; Powell, W J

    1986-05-01

    To study the effects of alveolar hypoxia on canine bronchopulmonary shunt flow, a biventricular bypass preparation was employed. The preparation allowed a constant and sensitive measure of changes in pulmonary venous blood flow. In 16 of 18 dogs with intact bronchial arteries, alveolar hypoxia caused an increase in pulmonary venous return both under conditions of constant pulmonary arterial inflow and under conditions of no pulmonary arterial inflow, suggesting bronchopulmonary shunting. This effect was accompanied by systemic vasodilation despite vagotomy and ganglionic blockade, and was abolished by division of all bronchial vessels. Ibuprofen, 3 mg/kg, and indomethacin, 15 mg/kg, in dogs with intact bronchial vessels, abolished both the increase in pulmonary venous return and the systemic vasodilatation caused by hypoxia. Thus, alveolar hypoxia directly augments bronchopulmonary flow, most likely through release of one or more vasodilating prostaglandins. PMID:3700654

  5. CT staging of alveolar echinococcosis of the liver

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rozanes, I. [Dept. of Radiology, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Acunas, B. [Dept. of Radiology, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Emre, A. [Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, Dept. of General Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Alper, A. [Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, Dept. of General Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Sayi, I. [Dept. of Radiology, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Minareci, Oe. [Dept. of Radiology, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Acarli, K. [Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, Dept. of General Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Hazar, H. [Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, Dept. of General Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey); Ariogul, O. [Hepatobiliary Surgery Unit, Dept. of General Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty (Turkey)

    1995-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of a new staging scheme for alveolar echinococcosis of the liver. A total of 28 patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis underwent CT examinations and were staged according to the proposed staging scheme (stage 1: lesion measuring less than 3 cm in diameter; stage 2: lesion greater than 3 cm, confined to less than three hepatic segments; stage 3a: lesion with invasion of more than three hepatic segments; stage 3b: invasion of liver hilum or suprahepatic vena cava; stage 4: invasion of surrounding organs and/or distant metastasis). Of the patients 16 underwent laparotomy, and results of the radiologic staging were correlated with surgical data. The CT findings correlated well with surgical findings. Patients were followed-up for a period of 6 months to 7 years. We concluded that the proposed staging scheme seemed to be useful for the therapeutic planning of patients with alveolar echinococcosis of the liver. (orig.)

  6. [Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis noted in a patient with thymoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsunaga, Kazuko; Nagata, Nobuhiko; Iwata, Yasuhiro; Kumazoe, Hiroyuki; Komori, Masashi; Shigyo, Mutsumi; Wakamatsu, Kentarou; Kajiki, Akira; Kitahara, Yoshinari

    2008-06-01

    A 74-year-old woman had general fatigue and mild fever in August 2004. Her chest X-ray showed slight ground glass opacities in the upper and middle lung fields of both lungs. Though she was prescribed antibacterial drugs, the abnormal shadows on chest X-ray did not improve. The chest CT showed ground glass opacities and reticular shadows with thickened alveolar septa (crazy-paving appearance) in both lungs, and a clearly defined mass in the anterior mediastinum. She underwent thymo-thymectomy with wedge resection of the upper lobe of the left lung. Anterior mediastinum tumor was pathologically diagnosed as thymoma. Lung biopsy demonstrated alveoli filled with SP-A positive granular materials, and we diagnosed pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. About 1 month after operation, the shadows on chest CT showed improvement. We think there might be some relationship between thymoma and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. PMID:18592998

  7. Ocean Ridges and Oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langmuir, C. H.

    2014-12-01

    The history of oxygen and the fluxes and feedbacks that lead to its evolution through time remain poorly constrained. It is not clear whether oxygen has had discrete steady state levels at different times in Earth's history, or whether oxygen evolution is more progressive, with trigger points that lead to discrete changes in markers such as mass independent sulfur isotopes. Whatever this history may have been, ocean ridges play an important and poorly recognized part in the overall mass balance of oxidants and reductants that contribute to electron mass balance and the oxygen budget. One example is the current steady state O2 in the atmosphere. The carbon isotope data suggest that the fraction of carbon has increased in the Phanerozoic, and CO2 outgassing followed by organic matter burial should continually supply more O2 to the surface reservoirs. Why is O2 not then increasing? A traditional answer to this question would relate to variations in the fraction of burial of organic matter, but this fraction appears to have been relatively high throughout the Phanerozoic. Furthermore, subduction of carbon in the 1/5 organic/carbonate proportions would contribute further to an increasingly oxidized surface. What is needed is a flux of oxidized material out of the system. One solution would be a modern oxidized flux to the mantle. The current outgassing flux of CO2 is ~3.4*1012 moles per year. If 20% of that becomes stored organic carbon, that is a flux of .68*1012 moles per year of reduced carbon. The current flux of oxidized iron in subducting ocean crust is ~2*1012 moles per year of O2 equivalents, based on the Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios in old ocean crust compared to fresh basalts at the ridge axis. This flux more than accounts for the incremental oxidizing power produced by modern life. It also suggests a possible feedback through oxygenation of the ocean. A reduced deep ocean would inhibit oxidation of ocean crust, in which case there would be no subduction flux of oxidized material, and oxygen could rise. Once the ocean becomes fully oxidized, a substantial subduction flux operates as a negative feedback. Plate tectonic geochemical cycles may have played a very significant role in the oxygen balance in both the ancient and modern Earth.

  8. Assessment of global morphological and topological changes in trabecular structure under the bone resorption process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidorenko, Irina N.; Bauer, Jan; Monetti, Roberto; Baum, Thomas; Rummeny, Ernst J.; Eckstein, Felix; Matsuura, Maiko; Lochmueller, Eva-Maria; Zysset, Philippe K.; Raeth, Christoph W.

    2012-03-01

    Osteoporosis is a frequent skeletal disease characterised both by loss of bone mineral mass and deterioration of cancellous bone micro-architecture. It can be caused by mechanical disuse, estrogen deficiency or natural age-related resorption process. Numerical analysis of high-resolution images of the trabecular network is recognised as a powerful tool for assessment of structural characteristics. Using ?CT images of 73 thoracic and 78 lumbar human vertebral specimens in vitro with isotropic resolution of 26?m we simulate bone atrophy as random resorption of bone surface voxels. Global morphological and topological characteristics provided by four Minkowski Functionals (MF) are calculated for two numerical resorption models with and without conservation of global topological connectivity of the trabecular network, which simulates different types of bone loss in osteoporosis, as it has been described in males and females. Diagnostic performance of morphological and topological characteristics as a function of relative bone loss is evaluated by a correlation analysis with respect to experimentally measured Maximum Compressive Strength (MCS). In both resorption models the second MF, which coincides with bone surface fraction BS/TV, demonstrates almost constant value of Pearson's correlation coefficient with respect to the relative bone loss ?BV/TV. This morphological characteristic does not vary considerably under age-related random resorption and can be used for predicting bone strength in the elderly. The third and fourth MF demonstrate an increasing correlation coefficients with MCS after applying random bone surface thinning without preserving topological connectivity, what can be used for improvement of evaluation of the current state of the structure.

  9. Reconstruction of alveolar defects in patients with cleft lip and palate - 111 consecutive patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kristian

    2012-01-01

    Reconstruction of alveolar defects in patients with cleft lip and palate - 111 consecutive patients......Reconstruction of alveolar defects in patients with cleft lip and palate - 111 consecutive patients...

  10. Imaging diagnosis--pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummings, Annelise C; Spaulding, Kathy A; Scott, Katherine D; Edwards, John F

    2013-01-01

    A young dog was presented for cyanosis and right heart failure. Radiographic and CT characteristics included right heart/pulmonary artery enlargement, hepatomegaly, abdominal effusion, and severe, generalized air-space filling. Focal increased opacities were present in the peripheral lung, as were multiple pulmonary blebs and bullae. Echocardiographic findings were consistent with cor pulmonale and pulmonary hypertension. Bronchoscopic findings were consistent with chronic inflammation. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) was confirmed at necropsy. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is an interstitial lung disease that results in accumulation of phospholipoproteinaceous material and should be included as a differential diagnosis for dogs with these clinical and imaging characteristics. PMID:23600448

  11. Proteinosis alveolar pulmonar, caso clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TERESA PARAM S

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La Proteinosis Alveolar Pulmonar es una patología poco frecuente, especialmente en la edad pediátrica, caracterizada por acumulación de material lipoproteináceo proveniente del surfactante en los macrófagos alveolares. Objetivo: Comunicar un caso de proteinosis pulmonar en el cual el uso de la fibrobroncoscopía (FB permitió el diagnóstico y el tratamiento. Caso Clínico: Escolar de 7 años, que consulta por un cuadro febril, en la cual se plantea inicialmente el diagnóstico de neumonía. Ante la mala evolución, con aumento de las imágenes radiológicas de tipo nodular, el ascenso de los niveles de LDH en plasma, y la mínima sintomatología clínica respiratoria, se planteó el diagnóstico de proteinosis alveolar, realizando una FB con lavado alveolar. Las tinciones de Sudán y PAS confirmaron la sospecha diagnóstica, lo cual fue apoyado por la mejoría radiológica y clínica de la paciente. Discusión: Se discute las formas clínicas de presentación, los hallazgos clínicos, radiológicos y de laboratorio que permiten plantear el diagnóstico. Se destaca el rol de la fibrobroncoscopía como método diagnóstico y terapéuticoPulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis. Case-report Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare pathology in children, characterized by the presence of lipoprotein material becoming from surfactants in alveolar macrophages. Objetive: Describe a clinical case of pulmonary proteinosis, in which fibrobronchoscopy (FB allowed diagnosis and treatment. Case-report: A 7 years-old boy with fever and diagnostic presumption of pneumonia. The evolution was not favorable, in terms of increase in nodular images on chest X-ray and increase in LDH plasmatic level, with few respiratory symptoms. The diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was suspected, performing a FB with bronchoalveolar lavage, where Sudán and PAS colouring confirmed the diagnosis. Discussion: Analysis of clinical presentations, laboratory findings and chest images that suggest the diagnosis. It is important to point out the role of FB in diagnosis and treatment

  12. Alveolar epithelial permeability in bronchial asthma in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate alveolar epithelial permeability (kep) in children with bronchial asthma, 99mTc-DTPA (diethylene triamine penta acetate) aerosol lung inhalation scintigraphies were performed. There was no correlation between the kep value and the severity of asthma. On the other hand, out of 10 cases which had no aerosol deposition defect in the lung field, 4 showed high kep values on the whole lung field and 7 had high kep value areas, particularly apparent in the upper lung field. These results suggest that even when the central airway lesions are mild, severe damage exists in the alveolar region of the peripheral airway. (author)

  13. Repopulation of denuded tracheal grafts with alveolar type II cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Repopulation of denuded heterotopic tracheal grafts with populations of specific epithelial cell types is one approach to study the differentiation potential of various cell types. This technique has been adopted to delineate the differentiation pathways of alveolar type II cells isolated from rat lungs. Under the conditions of this experiment, the reestablished epithelial lining was alveolar-like, however, ultrastructural analysis of the cells showed them to be like Clara cells. These preliminary results suggest that the secretary cells of the lung parenchyma and terminal airways may share a common ancestry. (author)

  14. Injury of the Inferior Alveolar Nerve during Implant Placement: a Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Gintaras Juodzbalys; Hom-Lay Wang; Gintautas Sabalys

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of present article was to review aetiological factors, mechanism, clinical symptoms, and diagnostic methods as well as to create treatment guidelines for the management of inferior alveolar nerve injury during dental implant placement.Material and Methods: Literature was selected through a search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane electronic databases. The keywords used for search were inferior alveolar nerve injury, inferior alveolar nerve injuries, inferior alveolar nerv...

  15. Low Levels of IGF-1 Contribute to Alveolar Macrophage Dysfunction in Cystic Fibrosis1

    OpenAIRE

    Bessich, Jamie L.; Nymon, Amanda B.; Moulton, Lisa A; Dorman, Dana; Ashare, Alix

    2013-01-01

    Alveolar macrophages are major contributors to lung innate immunity. Although alveolar macrophages from CFTR−/− mice have impaired function, no study has investigated primary alveolar macrophages in adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). CF patients have low levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and our prior studies demonstrate a relationship between IGF-1 and macrophage function. We hypothesize that reduced IGF-1 in CF leads to impaired alveolar macrophage function and chronic infectio...

  16. Histological and histomorphometrical comparative study of ?-tricalcium phosphate block grafts and periosteal expansion osteogenesis for alveolar bone augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamauchi, K; Takahashi, T; Funaki, K; Hamada, Y; Yamashita, Y

    2010-10-01

    This study evaluated local tissue reaction around the ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) block and compared results with ?-TCP block grafting and periosteal expansion osteogenesis (PEO). The mandibular premolars were extracted from five dogs and buccal corticotomy was performed. Narrow alveolar ridge models were created at 4 weeks. The ?-TCP block graft, such as veneer graft, was used on the right side and PEO using ?-TCP block on the left side. Changes of alveolar width, histological findings and histomorphometrical analysis were evaluated. There were no problems with materials at any of the sites at any time. In both groups, the width increased after surgery and results were stable 8 weeks after surgery. Newly formed bone tissue was observed inside the ?-TCP block in both sides. Histological findings differed especially at the division between mandibular bone and ?-TCP block. Histomorphometric analyses revealed that ?-TCP had been absorbed (mean decrease 28%) and new bone had formed (mean increase 43%) at 8 weeks postoperatively on both sides. The ?-TCP block worked as a space-maker under the soft tissue, including the periosteum, and acted as a substitute for original bone. This bone substitute was effective material for bone augmentation in both methods. PMID:20615666

  17. Growth of a tectonic ridge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleming, R.W.; Messerich, J.A. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Johnson, A.M. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

    1997-12-31

    The 28 June 1992 Landers, California, earthquake of M 7.6 created an impressive record of surface rupture and ground deformation. Fractures extend over a length of more than 80 km including zones of right-lateral shift, steps in the fault zones, fault intersections and vertical changes. Among the vertical changes was the growth of a tectonic ridge described here. In this paper the authors describe the Emerson fault zone and the Tortoise Hill ridge including the relations between the fault zone and the ridge. They present data on the horizontal deformation at several scales associated with activity within the ridge and belt of shear zones and show the differential vertical uplifts. And, they conclude with a discussion of potential models for the observed deformation.

  18. Unsuspected pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Niazi Masooma; DeLaCruz Angel E; Tejwani Dimple; Diaz-Fuentes Gilda

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Diffuse lung infiltrates are a common finding in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and causes range from infectious processes to malignancies or interstitial lung diseases. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare pulmonary disorder rarely reported in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is associated with conditions involving functional impairment or reduced numbers of alveolar macrophages. It can b...

  19. Serial bronchoscopic lung lavage in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis under local anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K Rennis Davis

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP is a rare disease, characterized by alveolar accumulation of surfactant composed of proteins and lipids due to defective surfactant clearance by alveolar macrophages. Mainstay of treatment is whole lung lavage, which requires general anesthesia. Herein, we report a case of primary PAP, successfully treated with serial bronchoscopic lung lavages under local anesthesia.

  20. DMPD: Silica binding and toxicity in alveolar macrophages. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 18226603 Silica ... binding and toxicity in alveolar macrophages. Hamilton RF Jr, Thakur SA, Holian ... ub 2007 Dec 27. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Silica ... binding and toxicity in alveolar macrophages. Pubm ... edID 18226603 Title Silica ... binding and toxicity in alveolar macrophages. Auth ...

  1. A supra-cellular model for coupling of bone resorption to formation during remodeling: lessons from two bone resorption inhibitors affecting bone formation differently.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Pia Rosgaard; Andersen, Thomas Levin; Pennypacker, Brenda L; Duong, Le T; Engelholm, Lars H; Delaiss, Jean-Marie

    2014-01-10

    The bone matrix is maintained functional through the combined action of bone resorbing osteoclasts and bone forming osteoblasts, in so-called bone remodeling units. The coupling of these two activities is critical for securing bone replenishment and involves osteogenic factors released by the osteoclasts. However, the osteoclasts are separated from the mature bone forming osteoblasts in time and space. Therefore the target cell of these osteoclastic factors has remained unknown. Recent explorations of the physical microenvironment of osteoclasts revealed a cell layer lining the bone marrow and forming a canopy over the whole remodeling surface, spanning from the osteoclasts to the bone forming osteoblasts. Several observations show that these canopy cells are a source of osteoblast progenitors, and we hypothesized therefore that they are the likely cells targeted by the osteogenic factors of the osteoclasts. Here we provide evidence supporting this hypothesis, by comparing the osteoclast-canopy interface in response to two types of bone resorption inhibitors in rabbit lumbar vertebrae. The bisphosphonate alendronate, an inhibitor leading to low bone formation levels, reduces the extent of canopy coverage above osteoclasts. This effect is in accordance with its toxic action on periosteoclastic cells. In contrast, odanacatib, an inhibitor preserving bone formation, increases the extent of the osteoclast-canopy interface. Interestingly, these distinct effects correlate with how fast bone formation follows resorption during these respective treatments. Furthermore, canopy cells exhibit uPARAP/Endo180, a receptor able to bind the collagen made available by osteoclasts, and reported to mediate osteoblast recruitment. Overall these observations support a mechanism where the recruitment of bone forming osteoblasts from the canopy is induced by osteoclastic factors, thereby favoring initiation of bone formation. They lead to a model where the osteoclast-canopy interface is the physical site where coupling of bone resorption to bone formation occurs. PMID:24333871

  2. Alterations in osteoclast function and phenotype induced by different inhibitors of bone resorption - implications for osteoclast quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leeming Diana J

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Normal osteoclasts resorb bone by secretion of acid and proteases. Recent studies of patients with loss of function mutations affecting either of these processes have indicated a divergence in osteoclastic phenotypes. These difference in osteoclast phenotypes may directly or indirectly have secondary effects on bone remodeling, a process which is of importance for the pathogenesis of both osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. We treated human osteoclasts with different inhibitors and characterized their resulting function. Methods Human CD14 + monocytes were differentiated into mature osteoclasts using RANKL and M-CSF. The osteoclasts were cultured on bone in the presence or absence of various inhibitors: Inhibitors of acidification (bafilomycin A1, diphyllin, ethoxyzolamide, inhibitors of proteolysis (E64, GM6001, or a bisphosphonate (ibandronate. Osteoclast numbers and bone resorption were monitored by measurements of TRACP activity, the release of calcium, CTX-I and ICTP, as well as by counting resorption pits. Results All inhibitors of acidification were equally potent with respect to inhibition of both organic and inorganic resorption. In contrast, inhibition of proteolysis by E64 potently reduced organic resorption, but only modestly suppressed inorganic resorption. GM6001 alone did not greatly affect bone resorption. However, when GM6001 and E64 were combined, a complete abrogation of organic bone resorption was observed, without a great effect on inorganic resorption. Ibandronate abrogated both organic and inorganic resorption at all concentrations tested [0.3-100 ?M], however, this treatment dramatically reduced TRACP activity. Conclusions We present evidence highlighting important differences with respect to osteoclast function, when comparing the different types of osteoclast inhibitors. Each class of osteoclast inhibitors will lead to different alterations in osteoclast quality, which secondarily may lead to different bone qualities.

  3. Em busca de uma causa à parte da Ortodontia: hereditariedade e reabsorção apical em pacientes tratados ortodonticamente. Uma análise crítica do trabalho de Harris, Kineret e Tolley In search of a cause apart of Orthodontics: heredity and apical resorption in patients treated Orthodontically. A critical analysis of Harris, Kineret, Tolley’s work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Consolaro

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Exclusivamente a partir da equivalência radiográfica do padrão e intensidade de reabsorção dentária em tratamento ortodôntico de 103 irmãos, Harris, Kineret e Tolley12 tentaram impingir um caráter hereditário a este fenômeno sem considerar a morfologia dentária e maxilar, nem tampouco outros fatores envolvidos na etiopatogenia das reabsorções. No trabalho fica claro que entre os objetivos principais dos autores estava atribuir à hereditariedade a ocorrência de reabsorções dentárias durante o tratamento ortodôntico para aliviar em parte as responsabilidades profissionais perante os pacientes e a sociedade. Mas nos parece mais lógico que o profissional devesse habilitar-se para fazer a previsibilidade das reabsorções dentárias com base em seus planejamentos, considerando a morfologia radicular, o tipo de ápice dentário, a proporção coroa-raiz e a morfologia da crista óssea alveolar, bem como evitando escolher, sempre que possível, os procedimentos que mais usualmente estão associados à reabsorção radicular. Se o paciente apresentar-se com morfologias desfavoráveis e ainda assim necessitar de procedimentos associados a um maior risco de reabsorção em seu tratamento, que o mesmo seja informado e conscientizado que as reabsorções dentárias apicais serão um custo biológico para a recuperação de sua estética e função. Considerando: 1 a grande limitação proporcionada pelo diagnóstico de reabsorções apicais em radiografias panorâmicas e telerradiografias em norma lateral (cefalométricas; 2 a ausência de análise da morfologia dentária e da crista óssea alveolar; e 3 principalmente a falta de um grupo controle para comparar se os resultados seriam equivalentes, ou não, em uma população semelhante, sem qualquer parentesco, mas com as mesmas características dentomaxilares; pode-se afirmar que as conclusões do trabalho estão severamente comprometidas em sua credibilidade científica. Tanto a abordagem empregada na discussão quanto as conclusões obtidas pelos autores, sobre correlação entre genótipo, fenótipo e reabsorção dentária, parecem despropositadas, pois não houve estudos envolvendo células, nem tampouco uma metodologia de identificação de genes ou aplicação de qualquer técnica cujos resultados permitissem inferências desta natureza.Harris, Kineret, Tolley12 tried to implicate heritability to root resorption exclusively though radiographic equivalence between the pattern of resorption intensity after orthodontic treatment in 103 siblings. Neither dental nor facial morphology or any other etiopathogenic factor of root resorption was considered, whatsoever.It is clear in this study that the authors´ main goal was to attribute root resorption during orthodontic treatment to heritability in order to lighten the professional’s share of responsibility before patients and society. It seems more logic that the professional should try to predict root resorption when considering on treatment plan the root and alveolar crest morphology, the type of apex, crown-root proportion, and avoiding procedures known to cause more resorption. If a patient presents unfavorable morphology and still needs procedures associated with a higher risk of resorption, than he or she must be warned and informed that apical root resorption will be a biological cost to regain estetics and function. Considering on this paper: (1 the limitations to evaluate apical resorption in panoramic and cephalometric radiographs; (2 the absence of dental and alveolar crest morphology analysis; and (3 the lack of a control group in order to compare if the results would be equivalent in a similar population with no family ties but with same maxilofacial conditions; one can affirm that the scientific credibility of the conclusions are severely damaged. The conclusions drawn by the authors about genotype and phenotype concerning root resorption seem unfounded, since there was no cell analysis or gene identification method to permit such inferences.

  4. Sensitivity of MRI in detecting alveolar infiltrates. Experimental studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: An experimental study using porcine lung explants and a dedicated chest phantom to evaluate the signal intensity of artificial alveolar infiltrates with T1- and T2-weighted MRI sequences. Material and Methods: 10 porcine lung explants were intubated, transferred into the cavity of a MRI-compatible chest phantom and inflated by continuous evacuation of the artificial pleural space. All lungs were examined with MRI at 1.5 T before and after intra-tracheal instillation of either 100 or 200 ml gelatine-stabilised liquid to simulate alveolar infiltrates. MR-examination comprised gradient echo (2D- and 3D-GRE) and fast spin echo sequences (T2-TSE and T2-HASTE). The signal intensity of lung parenchyma was evaluated at representative cross sections using a standardised scheme. Control studies were acquired with helical CT. Results: The instilled liquid caused patchy confluent alveolar infiltrates resembling the findings in patients with pneumonia or ARDS. CT revealed typical ground-glass opacities. Before the application of the liquid, only T2-HASTE and T2-TSE displayed lung parenchyma signals with a signal/noise ratio of 3.62 and 1.39, respectively. After application of the liquid, both T2-weighted sequences showed clearly visible infiltrates with an increase in signal intensity of approx. 30% at 100 ml (p2-weighted sequences detects artificial alveolar infiltrates with high signal intensity and may be a highly sensitive tool to detect pneumonia in patients. (orig.)

  5. Alveolar pulmonary proteinosis: case report and literature review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the case of a young women with primary alveolar proteinosis, with a short period of symptoms that are uncommon for this disease, without risk factors for this entity, the clinical evolution of the patient and some complications with the treatment. We review the literature for this entity.

  6. Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage secondary to propylthiouracil-induced vasculitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Catarina; Costa, Teresa; Marques, Ana Vieira

    2015-01-01

    Propylthiouracil is a drug used to treat hyperthyroidism. It can cause several side effects including pulmonary disorders that, although rare, can be severe. The authors describe the case of a woman treated with propylthiouracil who developed diffuse alveolar haemorrhage with severe respiratory failure and anaemia, which improved with discontinuation of the antithyroid drug and on starting systemic corticosteroid therapy. PMID:25661751

  7. Contribution of the tooth bud mesenchyme to alveolar bone

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Diep, L.; Matalová, Eva; Mitsiadis, T. A.; Tucker, A. S.

    312B, č. 5 (2009), 510-517. ISSN 1552-5007 R&D Projects: GA ČR GC524/08/J032; GA AV ČR KJB500450802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50450515 Keywords : tooth * alveolar bone * bud Subject RIV: FF - HEENT, Dentistry Impact factor: 2.938, year: 2009

  8. Pulmonary scan in evaluating alveolar-interstitial syndrome in ER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Volpicelli

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse comet-tail artifacts at lung ultrasound are due to thickened interlobular septa and extravascular lung water. This condition is typical of the alveolar-interstitial syndrome due to pulmonary edema, diffuse parenchymal lung disease or ARDS. Aim of our study is to assess the potential of bedside lung ultrasound to diagnose the alveolar-interstitial syndrome in patients admitted to our emergency medicine unit. The ultrasonic feature of multiple and diffuse comet-tail artifacts was investigated during 5 months, in 121 consecutive patients admitted to our unit. Each patient was studied bedside in a supine position, by 8 antero-lateral pulmonary intercostal scans. Ultrasonic results were compared with chest radiograph and clinical outcome. Lung ultrasound showed a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 98% in diagnosing the radiologic alveolar-interstitial syndrome. Corresponding figures in the identification of a disease involving lung interstitium were 83% and 96%. These preliminary data show that the study of comet-tail artifacts at lung ultrasound is a method reasonably accurate for diagnosing the alveolar-interstitial syndrome at bedside. This conclusion opens the hypothesis of the usefullness of bedside lung ultrasound in the evaluation of dyspnoeic patients in the emergency setting.

  9. Bronchoalveolar lavage with trypsin in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Nagasaka, Y; Takahashi, M.; Ueshima, H; Tohda, Y.; Nakajima, S.

    1996-01-01

    Two cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were treated with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) via a fibreoptic bronchoscope. Additional clinical improvement was seen when trypsin was added to the lavage fluid. Analysis of effluents in the BAL fluid showed marked reduction of protein constituents with clinical improvement after treatment with trypsin in the lavage. BAL with trypsin was well tolerated.

  10. Alveolar bone of BBMl rats: a morphometric and histochemical study

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, R B; Carlson, E. C.

    1989-01-01

    The present study reported histochemical changes in alveolar bone glycosaminoglycans (GAG) (using Safranin 0 ) and in interdental bone height in three groups of BB/W rats: diabetic, diabetes prone, and diabetes resistant. Safranin O staining intensity suggested that total GAG levels were highest in diabetic bone (p

  11. CT scan patterns of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. To study computed tomographic (CT) findings in children with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) more extensively. Objective. To describe the CT features at the time of diagnosis and after therapeutic broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL). Materials and methods. We retrospectively reviewed the CT scans of five children (aged 3 months to 4 years) examined because of incidental bronchitis (n = 1), disease in a sibling (n = 1) and relapsing fever, cough and dyspnoea (n = 3). Each patient had an initial CT scan. Two asymptomatic cases were not treated but were followed up by plain chest films. The other three had BAL and follow-up CT. Results. Initial CT in all cases showed a diffuse reticulomicronodular pattern associated in three cases with posterior bilateral alveolar infiltrates. CT in the two asymptomatic patients remained unchanged or slightly improved without BAL. After BAL, a variable decrease of lung infiltrates was observed. Conclusions. Correlation between the extent of alveolar consolidation and severity of disease was found. Anatomical and pathological considerations allow us to consider that the classical reticulomicronodular pattern is not due to an interstitial infiltration but to alveoli filled with the abnormal material characteristic of PAP. (orig.)

  12. Anti-GM-CSF antibodies in paediatric pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    OpenAIRE

    Latzin, P; Tredano, M.; Wust, Y; de Blic, J; Nicolai, T.; Bewig, B; Stanzel, F.; Kohler, D.; Bahuau, M.; Griese, M

    2005-01-01

    Background: Auto-antibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) may be central to the pathogenesis of adult sporadic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). The role of anti-GM-CSF auto-antibodies in paediatric forms of PAP is as yet unclear.

  13. Probable Limitations of Osteoblasts Isolation from the Periosteum and Alveolar Bone in a Dog Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sourena Vahabi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: Bone defects in jaws create major problems for oral and maxillofacial surgery. To overcome the limitations of Autografts tissue engineering uses autogenus cells and synthetic scaffolds. Type of cells or cell sources have an important effect on the construction which is produced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and probable limitations of osteoblast isolation from the periosteum and alveolar bone in an animal model and to compare their probable results quantitatively. Materials & Methods: Bone and periosteal samples were harvested from interdental septum and retromolar area of 4 dogs. Because no cell was grown new samples were harvested from edentulous ridge and buccal mandibular periosteum. Since no cell was isolated in next step samples were harvested from buccal area of maxillary premolars and explants in cell culture medium. After 2 weeks adherent cells reaching 80% confluent; cells were counted and passaged in cell culture flasks. Results: Despite first good proliferation of periosteal cells of all dogs in P0, their growth was stopped and they become senescence after one week. Conclusion: The key problems in culture techniques are cell senescence and de-differentiation leading to lose the ability of proliferation. It seems there are probable reasons for isolating of osteoblasts including thermal damage of cells, contamination of culture with fibroblasts, inconsistency of medium and cell requirements, enzymatic damage from enzymes used for cell passage and high donor ages.

  14. Carpenter Ridge Tuff, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachmann, Olivier; Deering, Chad D.; Lipman, Peter W.; Plummer, Charles

    2014-06-01

    The ~1,000 km3 Carpenter Ridge Tuff (CRT), erupted at 27.55 Ma during the mid-tertiary ignimbrite flare-up in the western USA, is among the largest known strongly zoned ash-flow tuffs. It consists primarily of densely welded crystal-poor rhyolite with a pronounced, highly evolved chemical signature (high Rb/Sr, low Ba, Zr, Eu), but thickly ponded intracaldera CRT is capped by a more crystal-rich, less silicic facies. In the outflow ignimbrite, this upper zone is defined mainly by densely welded crystal-rich juvenile clasts of trachydacite composition, with higher Fe-Ti oxide temperatures, and is characterized by extremely high Ba (to 7,500 ppm), Zr, Sr, and positive Eu anomalies. Rare mafic clasts (51-53 wt% SiO2) with Ba contents to 4,000-5,000 ppm and positive Eu anomalies are also present. Much of the major and trace-element variations in the CRT juvenile clasts can be reproduced via in situ differentiation by interstitial melt extraction from a crystal-rich, upper-crustal mush zone, with the trachydacite, crystal-rich clasts representing the remobilized crystal cumulate left behind by the melt extraction process. Late recharge events, represented by the rare mafic clasts and high-Al amphiboles in some samples, mixed in with parts of the crystal cumulate and generated additional scatter in the whole-rock data. Recharge was important in thermally remobilizing the silicic crystal cumulate by partially melting the near-solidus phases, as supported by: (1) ubiquitous wormy/sieve textures and reverse zoning patterns in feldspars and biotites, (2) absence of quartz in this very silicic unit stored at depths of >4-5 km, and (3) heterogeneous melt compositions in the trachydacite fiamme and mafic clasts, particularly in Ba, indicating local enrichment of this element due mostly to sanidine and biotite melting. The injection of hot, juvenile magma into the upper-crustal cumulate also imparted the observed thermal gradient to the deposits and the mixing overprint that partly masks the in situ differentiation process. The CRT provides a particularly clear perspective on processes of in situ crystal-liquid separation into a lower crystal-rich zone and an upper eruptible cap, which appears common in incrementally built upper-crustal magma reservoirs of high-flux magmatic provinces.

  15. Study on bone resorption behavior of osteoclast under drug effect using 41Ca tracing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kejun, Dong; Liyan, Lu; Ming, He; Yinggen, Ouyang; Yan, Xue; Chaoli, Li; Shaoyong, Wu; Xianggao, Wang; Hongtao, Shen; Jianjun, Gao; Wei, Wang; Dafu, Chen; Yonggang, Xing; Jian, Yuan; Shan, Jiang

    2013-01-01

    The mechanisms governing calcium fluxes during bone remodeling processes in Osteoporosis (OP) patients are poorly known. Understanding the changes of Osteoclasts (OC) during this dynamic transition is important to prevent and cure OP. The exploration of long-lived 41Ca (T1/2 = 1.04 105 years) tracer combined with AMS measurements leads to the possibility of monitoring the bone resorption behavior of OC in OP patients. In this work, the behavior of OC with the administration of Strontium Ranelate (SR), a drug for OP, was studied by using 41Ca labeled hydroxyapatite (HAP) to simulate the bone. AMS on the HI-13 tandem accelerator at CIAE was used to determine trace amounts of 41Ca. The results show that the technique of 41Ca tracing with AMS can be used to quantitatively monitor the behavior of OC in bone resorption under the effects of drugs. Experimental details and preliminary results will be presented.

  16. Study on bone resorption behavior of osteoclast under drug effect using 41Ca tracing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mechanisms governing calcium fluxes during bone remodeling processes in Osteoporosis (OP) patients are poorly known. Understanding the changes of Osteoclasts (OC) during this dynamic transition is important to prevent and cure OP. The exploration of long-lived 41Ca (T1/2 = 1.04 105 years) tracer combined with AMS measurements leads to the possibility of monitoring the bone resorption behavior of OC in OP patients. In this work, the behavior of OC with the administration of Strontium Ranelate (SR), a drug for OP, was studied by using 41Ca labeled hydroxyapatite (HAP) to simulate the bone. AMS on the HI-13 tandem accelerator at CIAE was used to determine trace amounts of 41Ca. The results show that the technique of 41Ca tracing with AMS can be used to quantitatively monitor the behavior of OC in bone resorption under the effects of drugs. Experimental details and preliminary results will be presented.

  17. Spontaneous resorption of extruded iliac crest graft ina case of high cervical myelopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chatleya A,

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractA 38 year old male patient presented to us with complaints of parasthesias in all four limbs with spastic quadriparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging of cervical spine revealed central disc herniation at C2-C3 level with significant cord compression. He was operated for C2-C3 Smith-Robinson anterior cervical discectomy. An autogenous tricortical iliac crest graft of 1.51.0 cm was snugly fitted into the disc space. Postoperative check X-ray of the cervical spine showed extrusion of the graft. The patient was managed conservatively. Repeat X-ray of the cervical spine after follow-up of 6 weeks showed resorption of the graft. The distinct strategy of management in this case along with a brief review of literature is discussed.Key words: High cervical myelopathy: Extruded graft: Resorption

  18. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a neotropical rain forest of a nutrient-rich soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Martínez-Sánchez

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available In tropical forests with nutrient-rich soil tree’s nutrient resorption from senesced leaves has not always been observed to be low. Perhaps this lack of consistence is partly owing to the nutrient resorption methods used. The aim of the study was to analyse N and P resorption proficiency from tropical rain forest trees in a nutrient-rich soil. It was hypothesised that trees would exhibit low nutrient resorption in a nutrient-rich soil. The soil concentrations of total N and extractable P, among other physical and chemical characteristics, were analysed in 30 samples in the soil surface (10 cm of three undisturbed forest plots at ‘Estación de Biología Los Tuxtlas’ on the east coast of Mexico (18°34’ - 18°36’ N, 95°04’ - 95°09’ W. N and P resorption proficiency were determined from senescing leaves in 11 dominant tree species. Nitrogen was analysed by microkjeldahl digestion with sulphuric acid and distilled with boric acid, and phosphorus was analysed by digestion with nitric acid and perchloric acid. Soil was rich in total N (0.50%, n = 30 and extractable P (4.11 µg g-1, n = 30. As expected, trees showed incomplete N (1.13%, n = 11 and P (0.11%, n = 11 resorption. With a more accurate method of nutrient resorption assessment, it is possible to prove that a forest community with a nutrient-rich soil can have low levels of N and P resorption. Rev. Biol. Trop. 53(3-4: 353-359. Epub 2005 Oct 3.En las selvas tropicales con suelos fértiles se ha observado que la reabsorción de nutrientes de los arboles de las hojas seniles no siempre es baja. Esta falta de consistencia en el resultado es talvez debida en parte a la metodología de reabsorción de nutrientes utilizada. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la reabsorción final de N y P de arboles de la selva húmeda tropical en un suelo rico en nutrientes. La hipótesis planteada fue que en un suelo rico en nutrientes los arboles presentarían una baja reabsorción final de nutrientes. En 30 muestras del suelo superficial (10 cm de tres sitios de la selva no perturbada, se analizó entre otras características físicas y químicas, la concentración de N total y P extraíble. A través de la concentración de N y P en hojas seniles, se determinó la reabsorción real de 11 especies dominantes de arboles de esta selva. El N se analizó por digestión microkjeldahl con ácido sulfúrico y destilación con ácido bórico, y el P se analizó por digestión con ácido nítrico y destilación con perclórico. El suelo fue rico en N total (0.50%, n = 30 y P extraíble (4.11 µg g-1, n = 30. Tal como se esperaba, los arboles mostraron una reabsorción incompleta para el N (1.13%, n = 11 y P (0.11%, n = 11.

  19. Endovascular Embolization of Varicoceles: Resorption of Tungsten Coils in the Spermatic Vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To investigate whether resorption of tungsten coils occurs in patients with varicoceles treated by endovascular embolization of the spermatic vein.Methods: Patients who had previously had varicocele embolization were requested by letter to attend the radiology department. Blood levels of tungsten were compared with a group of controls. Fluoroscopic images of the coils were taken and compared with those obtained during the original procedures.Results: Nineteen patients attended, whose procedure had been done 19-57 months previously (mean 40 months). Blood levels of tungsten were raised in 18 patients compared with the controls. Radiographic evidence of loss of substance of the coils was seen in four patients.Conclusion: Tungsten coil resorption occurs in varicocele embolization. In view of the unknown long-term effects of raised blood tungsten levels and the availability of alternative embolization agents, we feel that it is unwise to persist in the use of tungsten coils in this application

  20. Influencing of resorption and side-effects of salicylic acid by complexing with β-cyclodextrin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After oral administration of 14C-labelled salicylic acid and its β-cyclodextrin complex to rats, the radioactivity level of the blood reached its maximum during the first 2 h. The blood level obtained with the complex is somewhat but not significantly lower than with free acid. Since the resorption of cyclodextrin is a considerably slower process, it is very likely that the resorption of salicylic acid takes place in the form of free acid after dissociation of the complex. The urinary excretion cumulative curves showed that the free salicylic acid was completely excreted, while about 10% of the salicylic acid administered in the form of complex is lost. The cyclodextrin complex formation increased the pK values of all hydroxybenzoic acids. Direct observations revealed that complex formation decreased the stomach-irritating effect of salicylic acid. The ratio of radioactivity was nearly the same in the organs of animals treated by both free salicylic and cyclodextrin complex. (author)

  1. Glucocorticoids maintain human osteoclasts in the active mode of their resorption cycle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Se, Kent; Delaiss, Jean-Marie

    2010-01-01

    glucocorticoids deeply modify this resorptive behavior. First, glucocorticoids gradually induce excavations with a trenchlike morphology while reducing the time-dependent increase in excavation numbers. This indicates that glucocorticoids make osteoclasts elongate the excavations they initiated rather than...... migrating to a new resorption site, as in control conditions. Second, the round excavations in control conditions contain undegraded demineralized collagen as repeatedly reported earlier, whereas the excavations with a trenchlike morphology generated under glucocorticoid exposure appear devoid of leftovers...... of demineralized collagen. This indicates that collagenolysis proceeds generally at a lower rate than demineralization under control conditions, whereas collagenolysis rates are increased up to the level of demineralization rates in the presence of glucocorticoids. Taking these observations together...

  2. Invasive Cervical Resorption: A Case Series with 3-Year Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lo Giudice, Giuseppe; Matarese, Giovanni; Lizio, Angelo; Lo Giudice, Roberto; Tumedei, Margherita; Zizzari, Vincenzo Luca; Tetè, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) lesion is an aggressive form of tooth destruction that usually begins immediately below the epithelial attachment. It has been described as a purely inflammatory reaction that can be started by microorganism infection, or an aseptic resorptive process that can be secondarily infected. The potential etiologic and predisposing factors for ICR are orthodontic treatment, traumatic injuries, bleaching, periodontal therapy, and idiopathic factors. This case series with a 3-year follow-up shows that Class 2 ICR lesions have a good prognosis in 100% of cases. Class 3 ICR lesions should be considered at risk. However, in the authors' experience, the treatment of Class 3 ICR lesions is compatible with tooth maintenance. PMID:26697558

  3. Management of recurrent fracture of central incisor with internal resorption using light transmitting (luminex post

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hariharan V

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The normal root canal anatomy may be altered in various pathological processes and making it very difficult and at times impossible to achieve ideal obturation by normal methods. Internal resorption is one among them. There are several treatment protocols advised for this pathological condition. A crown-root fracture is defined as a fracture involving enamel, dentin and cementum and accounts for 5% of all traumatic injuries to the permanent dentition. In anterior teeth, these fractures are usually caused by direct trauma and often complicated in fully erupted teeth. In cases where the fracture line extends down along the long axis of the root, extraction of the tooth is indicated. The purpose of this report is to present the use of light transmitting post system to reinforce the crown root fractured maxillary central incisor due to trauma and internal resorption.

  4. Normal tempo of bone formation in Turner syndrome despite signs of accelerated bone resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleemann, Line Hartvig; Holm, Kirsten Bagge; Kobbernagel, Hanne; Skouby, Sven O.; Kristensen, Bent; Smedegaard, Heidi; Andersson, Anna-Maria; Cohen, Arieh; Gravholt, Claus H

    2011-01-01

    elevated bone resorption markers. Conclusion: BMD increased in parallel with age in TS patients receiving optimal estradiol replacement therapy and GH according to consensus guidelines, and in controls. Young TS undergoing pubertal induction and still receiving GH have lower z score BMD than older TS...... patients receiving hormonal replacement therapy, where a near-normalization of BMD was achieved. TS patients previously receiving GH showed signs of increased bone resorption.......Aims: To evaluate area bone mineral density (aBMD) and volumetric BMD (vBMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and relations to bone markers and hormones in adolescent women with Turner syndrome (TS). Methods: Cross-sectional study in TS patients (n = 37, 16.7 ± 3.4 years) and control group (n...

  5. Normal Tempo of Bone Formation in Turner Syndrome despite Signs of Accelerated Bone Resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleemann, Line; Holm, Kirsten; Kobbernagel, Hanne; Skouby, Sven O; Kristensen, Bent; Smedegaard, Heidi; Andersson, Anna-Maria; Cohen, Arieh; Gravholt, Claus Højbjerg

    2011-01-01

    elevated bone resorption markers. Conclusion: BMD increased in parallel with age in TS patients receiving optimal estradiol replacement therapy and GH according to consensus guidelines, and in controls. Young TS undergoing pubertal induction and still receiving GH have lower z score BMD than older TS...... patients receiving hormonal replacement therapy, where a near-normalization of BMD was achieved. TS patients previously receiving GH showed signs of increased bone resorption.......Aims: To evaluate area bone mineral density (aBMD) and volumetric BMD (vBMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and relations to bone markers and hormones in adolescent women with Turner syndrome (TS). Methods: Cross-sectional study in TS patients (n = 37, 16.7 ± 3.4 years) and control group (n...

  6. Interdisciplinary Approach for Management of Iatrogenic Internal Root Resorption: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramazani, Mohsen; Asgary, Saeed; Zarenejad, Nafiseh; Mehrani, Javad

    2016-01-01

    For management of a symptomatic maxillary lateral incisor with dull pain on chewing, suppurative sinus tract, defective metal-ceramic crown and iatrogenic internal root resorption, an interdisciplinary approach was taken. Two-visit nonsurgical treatment with calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement, replacement of metal-ceramic crown with all-ceramic crown and corrective periodontal plastic surgery were included in the treatment plan. Six-month and one-year follow-ups revealed complete resolution of signs and symptoms and radiographic healing. This case report highlights the importance of adequate cooling during crown preparation to preserve the pulp vitality and prevent internal resorptive lesions and also the profound sealing ability and biocompatibility of CEM cement. PMID:26843882

  7. Management of external invasive cervical resorption of tooth with Biodentine: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akash Kumar Baranwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Invasive cervical resorption (ICR of a tooth is relatively uncommon and the etiology is not very clear. It is sometimes misdiagnosed and can lead to improper management or tooth loss. Correct diagnosis and proper management can result in a successful outcome. The treatment should aim toward the complete suppression of all resorbing tissues and the reconstruction of resorptive defect by the placement of a suitable filling material or some biological systems. One of the most significant developments of the past decade, i.e. the operating microscope used for surgical endodontics, helps the surgeon to assess pathological changes more precisely and to remove pathological lesions with far greater precision, thus minimizing tissue damage. The aim of this article was to show the management of maxillary left central incisor diagnosed with external ICR using Biodentine under dental operatory microscope (DOM.

  8. Management of external invasive cervical resorption of tooth with Biodentine: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baranwal, Akash Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) of a tooth is relatively uncommon and the etiology is not very clear. It is sometimes misdiagnosed and can lead to improper management or tooth loss. Correct diagnosis and proper management can result in a successful outcome. The treatment should aim toward the complete suppression of all resorbing tissues and the reconstruction of resorptive defect by the placement of a suitable filling material or some biological systems. One of the most significant developments of the past decade, i.e. the operating microscope used for surgical endodontics, helps the surgeon to assess pathological changes more precisely and to remove pathological lesions with far greater precision, thus minimizing tissue damage. The aim of this article was to show the management of maxillary left central incisor diagnosed with external ICR using Biodentine under dental operatory microscope (DOM). PMID:27217649

  9. Etiology and prevention of external cervical root resorption associated to teeth bleaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Mendes da SILVA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Esthetic dentistry has been prioritizedand the desire for whiter teeth has been increasingly present in dental offices, since whiter teeth tend to indicate health, beauty, youth and a more attractive smile. Teeth bleaching is a conservative method widely used to restore the original color of darkened teeth. However, possible relations with the external cervical root resorption have concerned many researchers and clinicians. Literature review: There are many mechanisms that can activate the external cervical root resorption, such as: chemical and physical action of the bleaching materials used, morphology of the cementoenamel junction associated to the immune system, material concentration, traumas and bleaching technique used. Conclusion: Therefore, considering many factors that are still not conclusive, preventing deleterious effects on teeth and support structures, care must be taken when choosing bleaching agent and bleaching technique, as well as when selecting each case, beyond a proper restoration after teeth bleaching.

  10. Retrospective long-term analysis of bone level changes after horizontal alveolar crest reconstruction with autologous bone grafts harvested from the posterior region of the mandible

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term success of horizontal alveolar crest augmentation of the retromolar region of the mandible with particulated bone, as well as factors affecting subsequent peri-implant bone loss. Methods A total of 109 patients (68 female, 41 male) suffering from alveolar ridge deficiencies of the maxilla and mandible were included in this study. All patients were treated with particulated retromolar bone grafts from the mandible prior to the insertion of endosseous dental implants. Mesial and distal peri-implant crestal bone changes were assessed at six time points. Several parameters, including implant survival and the influence of age, gender, localisation of the implant, diameter, covering procedures, and time points of implant placement, were analysed to identify associations with bone level changes using the Mann-Whitney U-test, the Kruskal-Wallis test, and Spearman's rank-order correlation coefficient. Results A total of 164 dental implants were placed in the maxilla (n=97) and in the mandible (n=67). The mean observation period was 105.26±21.58 months after implantation. The overall survival rate was 97.6% after 10 years. Overall, peri-implant bone loss was highest during the first year, but decreased over time. The mean amount of bone loss after 10 years was 2.47 mm mesially and 2.50 mm distally. Bone loss was significantly influenced by implant type and primary stability. Conclusions The use of particulated autologous retromolar bone grafts is a reliable technique for the horizontal reconstruction of local alveolar ridge deficiencies. Our results demonstrate that implants placed in augmented bone demonstrated similar bone level changes compared to implants inserted in non-augmented regions. PMID:27127688

  11. External root resorption after orthodontic treatment: a study of contributing factors

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Yun-Hoa; Cho, Bong-Hae

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the patient- and treatment-related etiologic factors of external root resorption. Materials and Methods This study consisted of 163 patients who had completed orthodontic treatments and taken the pre- and post-treatment panoramic and lateral cephalometric radiographs. The length of tooth was measured from the tooth apex to the incisal edge or cusp tip on the panoramic radiograph. Overbite and overjet were measured from the pre- and post-treatme...

  12. Management of recurrent fracture of central incisor with internal resorption using light transmitting (luminex) post

    OpenAIRE

    Hariharan V; Nandlal B; Srilatha K

    2010-01-01

    The normal root canal anatomy may be altered in various pathological processes and making it very difficult and at times impossible to achieve ideal obturation by normal methods. Internal resorption is one among them. There are several treatment protocols advised for this pathological condition. A crown-root fracture is defined as a fracture involving enamel, dentin and cementum and accounts for 5% of all traumatic injuries to the permanent dentition. In anterior teeth, these fractures...

  13. Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL) and it's association to FIV/FeLV positive cats

    OpenAIRE

    Azevedo, Verónica Lúcia Nobre de

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT Feline odontoclastic resorptive lesions (FORL) are a common problem in cats in our daily clinical work. These lesions have unclear etiology but concern a few risk factors such as age, local inflammation, feline immunosuppressive viruses, and increased vitamin D intake, among others. This study was performed in order to determine an association between these lesions and the positivity for FIV and FeLV. Many of these lesions are diagnosed by clinical oral examinati...

  14. Nitrogen Resorption and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Cacao Agroforestry Systems Managed Differently in Central Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    TRIADIATI; SOEKISMAN TJITROSEMITO; EDI GUHARDJA; SUDARSONO; IBNUL QAYIM; CHRISTOPH LEUSCHNER

    2007-01-01

    Cacao agroforestry is a traditional form of agriculture practiced by the people of Central Sulawesi. These agroforestry systems vary from a simple system following selective cutting of forest trees, to a more sophisticated planting design. The cacao was planted under remaining forest covers (CF1), under planted trees (CF2), and between shade trees Gliricidia sepium (CP). The objectives of this study were to quantify nitrogen use efficiency (N NUE) and nitrogen resorption in cacao agroforestry...

  15. Potentiation of osteoclast bone-resorption activity by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase.

    OpenAIRE

    Kasten, T P; Collin-Osdoby, P; Patel, N.; Osdoby, P; Krukowski, M; Misko, T. P.; Settle, S L; Currie, M G; Nickols, G. A.

    1994-01-01

    We have examined the effects of modulating nitric oxide (NO) levels on osteoclast-mediated bone resorption in vitro and the effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors on bone mineral density in vivo. Diaphorase-based histochemical staining for NOS activity of bone sections or highly enriched osteoclast cultures suggested that osteoclasts exhibit substantial NOS activity that may account for basal NO production. Chicken osteoclasts were cultured for 36 hr on bovine bone slices in the pr...

  16. Foliar Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) Dynamics, and Foliar Resorption of Corylus avellana var. avellana

    OpenAIRE

    Tugba Bayrak Ozbucak; Hamdi Guray KUTBAY; Sevda Yalcin; Dudu Kilic

    2011-01-01

    Corylus avellana var. avellana (Corylaceae) has a widespread distribution in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey and is very valuable in the food industry and plays an important role in the economy of the Black Sea Region of Turkey. In this study, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations along a topographical gradient (from sea level to 550 m) and through the growing season (from April to October) were investigated. In addition to this, foliar resorption was also studied as resorptio...

  17. Dose-Dependent Resorption of Quinine after Intrarectal Administration to Children with Moderate Plasmodium falciparum Malaria

    OpenAIRE

    Pussard, Eric; Straczek, Celine; Kaboré, Idrissa; Bicaba, Auguste; Balima-Koussoube, Tatiana; Bouree, Patrice; Barennes, Hubert

    2004-01-01

    The pharmacokinetics of increasing doses of an intrarectal Cinchona alkaloid combination containing 96.1% quinine, 2.5% quinidine, 0.68% cinchonine, and 0.67% cinchonidine (Quinimax) was compared to that of parenteral regimens in 60 children with moderate malaria. Quinine exhibited a nonlinear pharmacokinetics, suggesting a saturation of rectal resorption. When early rejections appeared, blood quinine concentrations decreased by 30 to 50% and were restored by an immediate half-dose administra...

  18. Effect of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite Socket Preservation on Orthodontically Induced Inflammatory Root Resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massoud Seifi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR is considered to be an important sequel associated with orthodontic tooth movement (OTM. OTM after Socket preservation enhances the periodontal condition before orthodontic space closure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the histologic effects of NanoBone, a new highly nonsintered porous nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite bone on root resorption following OTM. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted on four male dogs. In each dog, four defects were created at the mesial aspects of the maxillary and mandibular first premolars. The defects were filled with NanoBone. We used the NiTi closed coil for mesial movement of the first premolar tooth. When the experimental teeth moved approximately halfway into the defects, after two months, the animals were sacrificed and we harvested the area of interest. The first premolar root and adjacent tissues were histologically evaluated. The three-way ANOVA statistical test was used for comparison. Results: The mean root resorption in the synthetic bone substitute group was 22.87 11.2510-4 mm2 in the maxilla and 21.41 11.2510-4 mm2 in the mandible. Statistically, there was no significant difference compared to the control group (p>0.05. Conclusion: The use of a substitution graft in the nano particle has some positive effects in accessing healthy periodontal tissue following orthodontic procedures without significant influence on root resorption (RR. Histological evaluation in the present study showed osteoblastic activity and remodeling environment of nanoparticles in NanoBone.

  19. Gallium a unique anti-resorptive agent in bone: Preclinical studies on its mechanisms of action

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The discovery of gallium as a new and unique agent for the treatment of metabolic bone disorders was in part fortuitous. Gallium is an exciting new therapeutic agent for the treatment of pathologic states characterized by accelerated bone resorption. Compared to other therapeutic metal compounds containing platinum or germanium, gallium affects its antiresorptive action without any evidence of a cytotoxic effect on bone cells. Gallium is unique amongst all therapeutically available antiresorptive agents in that it favors bone formation. 18 refs., 1 fig

  20. THE BENEFIT OF SOY BEAN- CHOCOLATE BEVERAGE ON BONE RESORPTION IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH OSTEOPOROSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Ainun Rani, Nur; Astuti, Nurpudji; Rasyid, Haerani; Bahar, Burhanuddin

    2011-01-01

    THE BENEFIT OF SOY BEAN- CHOCOLATE BEVERAGE ON BONE RESORPTION IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH OSTEOPOROSIS Nur Ainun Rani1, Nurpudji A. Taslim,1,2 Haerani Rasyid1,2, Burhanuddin Bahar3 Department of Clinical Nutrition Faculty of Medicine 1, Department of Nutrition2 Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Public Health3, Hasanuddin University, Makassar ABSTRACT Background Soybeans and chocolate contain isoflavones, which is the active substance which is recommended as an hormone replacem...

  1. Tetracycline and Calcium Kinetics Are Comparable for Estimating Bone Resorption in Rats 1 2 3

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Yongdong; Cheong, Jennifer M. K.; Lee, WangHee; Wastney, Meryl; Berdine R. Martin; Connie M. Weaver

    2010-01-01

    3H-tetracycline (3H-TC) is thought to be superior to calcium (Ca) isotopic tracers for estimating bone resorption rates due to the less redeposition upon release in animal models. However, these 2 tracers have not been compared directly using complete kinetic studies with sampling of blood, urine, feces, and bone. Our goal was to compare the 2 isotopes for evaluating bone turnover. We firstly developed a model for 3H-TC kineti...

  2. Apical root resorption caused by orthodontic forces: A brief review and a long-term observation

    OpenAIRE

    Topkara, Ahu; Karaman, Ali I; Kau, Chung H.

    2012-01-01

    External apical root resorption (ARR) is a common iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. One of the aims of this article is to present a brief overview of the literature, including; diagnosis and etiology, with emphasis on orthodontic forces to facilitate an understand of the prevention or management of ARR in orthodontic patients. We also present a long-term follow-up observation of severe ARR, including the last obtained cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) records, to demonstrate...

  3. The clinical meaning of external cervical resorption in maxillary canine: transoperative dental trauma

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto CONSOLARO; CARDOSO, Mauricio de Almeida; de Almeida, Carolina Dornelas C. M.; Souza, Ingrid Araújo Oliveira; Capelloza, Leopoldino

    2014-01-01

    External Cervical Resorption in maxillary canines with pulp vitality is frequently associated with dental trauma resulting from surgical procedures carried out to prepare the teeth for further orthodontic traction. Preparation procedures might surgically manipulate the cementoenamel junction or cause luxation of teeth due to applying excessive force or movement tests beyond the tolerance limits of periodontal ligament and cervical tissue structures. Dentin exposure at the cementoenamel juncti...

  4. Characteristic aspects of alveolar proteinosis diagnosis Aspectos característicos do diagnóstico da proteinose alveolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Prudente Bártholo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar proteinosis is an uncommon pulmonary disease characterized by an accumulation of surfactant in terminal airway and alveoli, thereby impairing gas exchange and engendering respiratory insufficiency in some cases. Three clinically and etiologically distinct forms of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis are recognized: congenital, secondary and idiopathic, the latter corresponding to 90% of the cases. In this case report we present a young male patient that was diagnosed with alveolar proteinosis. Computed tomography of the thorax, bronchoscopy and transbronchial biopsy were performed. The histopathologic aspect was characteristic. The patient was discharged in good health conditions and remains asymptomatic to date.Proteinose alveolar é uma doença pulmonar incomum caracterizada pelo acúmulo de surfactante nas vias aéreas terminais e nos alvéolos, alterando a troca gasosa e, em alguns casos, promovendo insuficiência respiratória. Três formas clínicas e etiologicamente distintas de proteinose alveolar são reconhecidas: congênitas, secundárias e idiopáticas (mais de 90% dos casos são de etiologia idiopática. Neste relato, apresentamos um homem jovem que foi diagnosticado com proteinose pulmonar. Tomografia computadorizada de tórax, broncoscopia e biópsia transbrônquica foram realizadas. O aspecto histopatológico foi característico. O paciente teve alta, com boas condições de saúde, e encontra-se assintomático nos dias de hoje.

  5. Comparison of growth-induced resorption and denervation-induced resorption on the release of [3H]tetracycline, 45calcium, and [3H]collagen from whole bones of growing rats

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The major effect of immobilization during growth is a smaller bone mass induced by either an increased bone resorption or a decreased bone formation. Using a method of analyzing radioisotopic loss of [3H]tetracycline and [3H]collagen from bone prelabeled in vivo, we compared the amount of bone resorption due to immobilization with bone resorption induced by growth. One hind limb was denervated in growing male rats, 6 weeks of age, that had been chronically prelabeled with [3H]tetracycline, 45calcium, and [3H]proline. The total radioactivity of the whole femur and tibia/fibula from the denervated limb was compared with that from bones of the control limb at 0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after denervation. The effect of growth on bone formation was measured by net increases in bone length, volume, and mass of matrix and mineral. Experimental bones had a significantly smaller volume and mass. Bone resorption was much greater during growth modeling than during denervation. The additional bone resorption induced by denervation was a small fraction (one-fourth) of the resorption induced by growth. Denervation during growth resulted in less bone being formed due to a smaller gain in matrix and mineral mass as a result of a reduction in bone formation

  6. Morphological characteristics of frontal sinus and nasal bone focusing on bone resorption and apposition in hypophosphatemic rickets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjrup, Hans; Kjaer, I; Sonnesen, L; Beck-Nielsen, Signe; Haubek, D

    2013-01-01

    To characterize the size and the morphology of the frontal sinus (i.e., structure evolved by bone resorption) and the nasal bone (i.e., structure evolved by bone formation) in adults with hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) compared with controls....

  7. Resorcin dentaria interna: Presentacin de un caso Internal dental resorption: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo Prez Borrego

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La resorcin dentaria es un proceso de destruccin de los tejidos calcificados del diente, en ocasiones afecta la parte externa y en otras oportunidades el interior del mismo. En la resorcin interna, hay destruccin de dentina y se forma en esa zona un tejido de granulacin muy vascularizado. Su origen no est definido y estas lesiones podemos considerarlas como no regresivas y, por lo general, determinan la prdida del rgano dentario.Resorption can be defined as the loss substances from any mineralized tissue, mediated by their own cell or humoral systems. The four mineralized tissues of our body are: bone, cement, dentin and enamel. Dental resorption is a process of destruction of the calcified tissues of the teeth, sometimes disturbing the outer part and some others their inner part. Internal resorption shows destruction of dentin, appearing in the area a well vascularized granulating tissue. Its origin is not yet defined and these lesions can be regarded as non regressive, which usually lead to the loss of the tooth.

  8. Nectar resorption in flowers of Sinapis alba L., Brassicaceae and Platanthera chlorantha Custer (Rchb.), Orchidaceae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the flowers of Sinapis alba nectar is secreted by two pairs of nectaries and accumulated as drops between filaments and in the cavity of sepals whereas in Platanthera chlorantha nectar is produced and accumulated within a spur. Previous studies of these species revealed that after a period of secretion and cessation, rapid nectar resorption occurs. The aim of this study was the observation of nectar resorption by the nectaries using radiolabelled sucrose. During the peak of secretion the nectar accumulated in unpollinated flowers was replaced with the same volume of labelled sucrose and after 12-48 hrs of incubation, at the resorption phase, parts of S. alba flowers with nectaries as well as fragments of P. chlorantha spur were sampled and fixed for microautoradiographic studies. In S. alba the presence of [14C(U)] sucrose was detected at the base of nectaries, in phloem elements of main vascular strands supplying glands, whereas both epidermis and nectary parenchyma showed no traces of radiolabelled sugars. In P. chlorantha the presence of labelled sucrose was stated mainly in the walls of nectary cells, which indicate an apoplastic route of reabsorbed nectar. (author)

  9. Experimental studies on the resorption and translocation of 14C-aldimorph in selected plant species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental studies were performed with 14C-labelled 4-n-dodecyl-trans-2,6-dimethyl morpholine and both isolated plant segments and intact seedlings of Hordeum distichon L. and Sinapis alba L. to elucidate resorption and transportation of the fungicidal substance aldimorph. The compound is quickly resorbed by isolated roots and leaves during the initial phase, and accumulated in plant tissue. In the steady state of influx/efflux equilibrium, the root concentration factor amounts to 10 with barley roots and the tissue concentration factor is 3 with mustard cotyledons. The relationship between the resorption of active substance and the concentration of ambient solution was found to be linear, thus corroborating a postulated resorption by diffusion. The morpholine derivative also penetrates into the leaf tissue of intact barley seedlings within few hours and at rather high rates. Nevertheless, according to translocation studies aldimorph has to be considered only moderately mobile. However, metabolites originated in the plant, especially during longer trial periods, show markedly improved translocation properties compared with the mother compound. (author)

  10. Dioscin inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption though down-regulating the Akt signaling cascades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qu, Xinhua; Zhai, Zanjing; Liu, Xuqiang; Li, Haowei [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Ouyang, Zhengxiao [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Department of Orthopaedics, Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital and Tumor Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha (China); Wu, Chuanlong [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Liu, Guangwang [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Central Hospital of Xuzhou, Affiliated Hospital of Medical Collage of Southeast University, Xuzhou (China); Fan, Qiming; Tang, Tingting [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Qin, An, E-mail: dr.qinan@gmail.com [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Dai, Kerong, E-mail: krdai@163.com [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China)

    2014-01-10

    Highlights: •A natural-derived compound, dioscin, suppresses osteoclast formation and bone resorption. •Dioscin inhibits osteolytic bone loss in vivo. •Dioscin impairs the Akt signaling cascades pathways during osteoclastogenesis. •Dioscin have therapeutic value in treating osteoclast-related diseases. -- Abstract: Bone resorption is the unique function of osteoclasts (OCs) and is critical for both bone homeostasis and pathologic bone diseases including osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and tumor bone metastasis. Thus, searching for natural compounds that may suppress osteoclast formation and/or function is promising for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases. In this study, we for the first time demonstrated that dioscin suppressed RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. The suppressive effect of dioscin is supported by the reduced expression of osteoclast-specific markers. Further molecular analysis revealed that dioscin abrogated AKT phosphorylation, which subsequently impaired RANKL-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) signaling pathway and inhibited NFATc1 transcriptional activity. Moreover, in vivo studies further verified the bone protection activity of dioscin in osteolytic animal model. Together our data demonstrate that dioscin suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and function through Akt signaling cascades. Therefore, dioscin is a potential natural agent for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases.

  11. Cytokine-mediated bone resorption is cytochrome P-450 dependent. Student Research Award 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, N; Chole, R

    1999-12-01

    Localized bone loss leads to much of the morbidity of chronic otitis media. Although the cellular events of bone remodeling have been well established, their regulation remains poorly understood. Various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1beta, and interferon-gamma, used alone and in combination, are powerful inducers of bone resorption. One of the modulators of cytokine-induced bone resorption is nitric oxide (NO), a product of the action of NO synthase (NOS) on L -arginine to form NO. Cytochrome P-450, an enzyme that is similar to NOS both structurally and functionally, may also have a role in NO production in various cellular systems. The goal of this study was to elucidate a possible role of cytochrome P-450 in bone. In this study cytokine-induced bone resorption was blocked with cimetidine and clotrimazole, which are selective inhibitors of the cytochrome P-450 IIIA family and 7-ethoxyresorufin, a nonspecific cytochrome P-450 inhibitor. A concomitant reduction of NO was also observed. This effect may be explained by cytochrome P-450 being a preferred alternative pathway or providing an essential cofactor to NOS in bone. PMID:10580224

  12. Foliar Nitrogen (N, Phosphorus (P Dynamics, and Foliar Resorption of Corylus avellana var. avellana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugba Bayrak Ozbucak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Corylus avellana var. avellana (Corylaceae has a widespread distribution in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey and is very valuable in the food industry and plays an important role in the economy of the Black Sea Region of Turkey. In this study, nitrogen (N and phosphorus (P concentrations along a topographical gradient (from sea level to 550 m and through the growing season (from April to October were investigated. In addition to this, foliar resorption was also studied as resorption efficiency (RE and resorption proficiency (RP which is defined as the proportion of nutrients withdrawn from leaves and the N and P concentrations in senesced leaves, respectively. Statistically significant differences were not found with respect to leaf N concentration and SLA during the growing season although leaf P concentration, leaf N/P ratio and SLA were significantly changed during the growing season. Except for NRE, PRE, ARP, and PRP all of the leaf traits were significantly changed along the topographic gradient. The N/P ratio which is an indicator of N- and P- limitation decreased during the growing season and along the topographic gradient. The N and P concentrations in the senescent leaves of C. avellana was below 50 μg cm-2 and 3 μg cm-2, respectively along the topographic gradient and this species is N and P-proficient according to the threshold values. Soil properties along the topographic gradient also changed.

  13. Management of an internal root resorption on a permanent tooth. A case report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Maldonado

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Internal root resorption (IRR is a rare pulp disease. Its etiology involves late pulpal inflammations and trauma, among others. IRR may also show some symptoms, and is usually detected by X-rays. However, its diagnosis is significantly improved by the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT. The objective of this case report was to account for the diagnosis and management of an internal root resorption without perforation. The patient, a 26-year-old male, went to the School of Dentistry at Universidad Andres Bello, Concepción, without having symptoms in the tooth 1.1. Anamnesis revealed the presence of previous symptoms. CBCT examination showed absence of bowl-shaped calcified dentin tissue on the inner walls of the root canal with apical lesion but without perforation of surrounding tissues. Endodontic treatment was performed using the following methods: irrigation of the root canal with 2% chlorhexidine (CHX using a Max-i-probe cannula and simultaneous cavitation of the irrigant Then calcium hydroxide (CH was applied as intracanal medication for a week and Schilder’s technique for vertical compaction was used. The patient was checked after one week and then after six months. He did not have any symptoms. Early diagnosis using modern imaging equipment, appropriate use of ultrasound for chemomechanical debridement and thermoplastic filling techniques contribute to a more favorable prognosis of patients with internal root resorption.

  14. The estimation of the resorption of radionuclides from the gastro-intestinal tract into blood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taking a look at the international literature, resorption rates for the transfer of the following radionuclides from stomach-intestinal tract into the blood have been determined: Cerium, cobalt (also as vitamin B 12), plutonium, ruthenium, strontium and zinc. It was found that the resorption rates determined in experiments and measurements, partly varies by several orders of dimension and are dependent on numerous parameters. A comparison of the measured resorption rates for the single radionuclides with the values based on the recommendations of the radiation protection commission showed that the values used by the radiation protection commission are in many cases too low, partly by several orders of dimension. One may thus conclude that the dose factors given in the fundamental calculation of the radiation protection commission do no longer correspond with the international state of science. In interest of an exact estimation of the radiation burden caused by the nuclear power plant Biblis, we therefore recommend to recheck the further parameters relevant for dose factors and a new calculation of the dose factors within the framework of the model study radioecology Biblis. (orig./MG)

  15. Resorption of apatite-wollastonite containing glass-ceramic and beta-tricalcium phosphate in vivo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teramoto,Hidefumi

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Apatite-wollastonite containing glass ceramic is considered to be difficult to resorb, but we experienced the disappearance of the porous type of Apatite-wollastonite glass ceramic particles . In this study, the resorption of porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic implanted in the femurs of rabbits was investigated, and the process was compared with beta-tricalcium phosphate, a resorbable ceramics. Porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic (70, 80, and 90% porosity and beta-tricalcium phosphate (75% porosity were implanted in the femurs of Japanese white rabbits. Samples were harvested and examined 0, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 36 weeks after implantation. Quantitative analysis of the radiographic and histologic findings was performed with NIH Image software. Radiographic examination demonstrated that the radiopacity and size of the porous apatite-wollastonite glassceramic cylinders decreased gradually after implantation. Histologic examination revealed that the surface area of the apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic cylinders decreased continuously, and approached 20% of the original area 36 weeks after implantation. However, the resorption rate of porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic was slower than that of beta-tricalcium phosphate. Toluidine blue staining showed abundant new bone formation on the surface of the apatite-wollastonite glassceramic matrix. Considering its mechanical strength, gradual resorption characteristics, and good osteochonductive activity, porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic appears to be a suitable artificial bone substitutes.

  16. Management-related outcomes and radiographic findings of idiopathic condylar resorption: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sansare, K; Raghav, M; Mallya, S M; Karjodkar, F

    2015-02-01

    Idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR) is progressive resorption of the condyle of unknown aetiology. There is no consensus on the approaches for diagnostic imaging and management of this disease. The objective of this systematic review was to examine the best practices for imaging and to appraise the success of surgical and non-surgical therapy of ICR. Eleven search engines were queried via explicit literature searches for studies describing ICR, published until 2012. Two authors independently extracted data using predetermined characteristics. Studies that identified patients as having either ICR or progressive condylar resorption and that described the radiographic findings or treatment options were included. Seventeen studies contributing 178 cases met the eligibility criteria. The major radiographic findings, as assessed mostly by two-dimensional imaging, included decreased ramus height, decreased condylar height, altered volume of the condyle, decreased SNB angle and mandibular plane angle, and a retrognathic profile. Treatments included occlusal splints with orthodontic treatment, condylectomy with costochondral graft, and other surgical approaches. This systematic review was limited by the lack of meta-analysis. Nevertheless, we identified the need for future investigations: characterization of findings on three-dimensional imaging and its contribution to treatment planning, outcomes of non-surgical and pharmacological management of ICR, and randomized trials and comparative studies with longer follow-up periods. PMID:25270187

  17. Resorption of apatite-wollastonite containing glass-ceramic and beta-tricalcium phosphate in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teramoto, Hidefumi; Kawai, Akira; Sugihara, Shinsuke; Yoshida, Aki; Inoue, Hajime

    2005-10-01

    Apatite-wollastonite containing glass ceramic is considered to be difficult to resorb, but we experienced the disappearance of the porous type of Apatite-wollastonite glass ceramic particles . In this study, the resorption of porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic implanted in the femurs of rabbits was investigated, and the process was compared with beta-tricalcium phosphate, a resorbable ceramics. Porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic (70, 80, and 90% porosity) and beta-tricalcium phosphate (75% porosity) were implanted in the femurs of Japanese white rabbits. Samples were harvested and examined 0, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 36 weeks after implantation. Quantitative analysis of the radiographic and histologic findings was performed with NIH Image software. Radiographic examination demonstrated that the radiopacity and size of the porous apatite-wollastonite glassceramic cylinders decreased gradually after implantation. Histologic examination revealed that the surface area of the apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic cylinders decreased continuously, and approached 20% of the original area 36 weeks after implantation. However, the resorption rate of porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic was slower than that of beta-tricalcium phosphate. Toluidine blue staining showed abundant new bone formation on the surface of the apatite-wollastonite glassceramic matrix. Considering its mechanical strength, gradual resorption characteristics, and good osteochonductive activity, porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic appears to be a suitable artificial bone substitutes. PMID:16286959

  18. Conservative Nonsurgical Treatment of Class 4 Invasive Cervical Resorption: A Case Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salzano, Stefano; Tirone, Federico

    2015-11-01

    External cervical resorption, also called invasive cervical resorption (ICR), is a pathological process difficult to diagnose that causes a progressive replacement of dentin by granulation tissue and results in complete tooth destruction. According to the literature, class 4 ICR can be expected to have success rates of 12.5% if treated. In this case series, we show nonsurgical conservative treatment of 4 patients affected by class 4 ICR. In 4 patients affected by class 4 ICRs, granulomatous tissue was orthograde removed with the help of an operating microscope and cone-beam computed tomographic imaging. The teeth were devitalized, the granulomatous tissue was mechanically removed, and the defects were filled with either mineral trioxide aggregate or Biodentine (Septodont, Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, France). After a follow-up period varying from 18 months for case 1 to 4 months for case 4, neither signs of periradicular bone rarefaction nor recurrence of resorption were observed. The teeth were asymptomatic, and conservative restorations appeared to be in excellent condition. Given the results achieved in this case series, it may be assumed that many class 4 ICRs could be successfully treated with the help of an operating microscope and cone-beam computed tomographic imaging. PMID:26395913

  19. A theory for bone resorption based on the local rupture of osteocytes cells connections: A finite element study

    OpenAIRE

    Ridha Hambli; Khalid H. Almitani; Abdessalem Chamekh; Hechmi Toumi; Tavares, Joo Manuel R.S.

    2015-01-01

    In this work, a bone damage resorption finite element model based on the disruption of the inhibitory signal transmitted between osteocytes cells in bone due to damage accumulation is developed and discussed. A strain-based stimulus function coupled to a damage-dependent spatialfunction is proposed to represent the connection between two osteocytes embedded in the bone tissue. The signal is transmitted to the bone surface to activate bone resorption. The proposed modelis based on the idea tha...

  20. Two distinct effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-α on osteoclast development and subsequent resorption of mineralized matrix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The multifunctional cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF α) stimulates osteoclastic resorption. It is not known which steps in osteoclast formation are affected by TNF α. The authors have investigated the effects of recombinant human TNF α (rhTNF α) on osteoclast development and osteoclastic resorption in two different in vitro resorption systems which are each characterized by a different stage of development of the osteoclast. The effects were further compared to those of bovine PTH-(1-84). rhTNF α at concentrations between 0.01-50 ng/ml (3 x 10(-13) to 1.5 x 10(-9) M) did not alter the activity of mature osteoclasts, measured as 45Ca release in fetal mouse radii. In the osteoclast precursor-dependent system (fetal mouse metacarpals) rhTNF α had a biphasic effect. It stimulated resorption dose-dependently from 0.01 ng/ml onward, with a maximal response at 0.5 ng/ml. At concentrations above 10 ng/ml rhTNF α, resorption was inhibited. In experiments in which irradiation was used to block replication, it was found that TNF α stimulates the proliferation of osteoclast progenitors at both low and high concentrations. As a result, at relatively low concentrations, more osteoclasts were formed in the calcified matrix, coinciding with an increased release of 45Ca. However, at relatively high concentrations, the increase in osteoclast progenitors did not lead to increased resorption, since the putative osteoclast progenitors were arrested in the periosteum. In comparison, bovine PTH-(1-84) stimulated resorption independent of proliferation by enhancing the differentiation of postmitotic osteoclast precursors and activating mature osteoclasts. In conclusion, the effects of TNF α on osteoclastic resorption are dependent on the stage of osteoclast development and the concentrations applied

  1. Two distinct effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-. alpha. on osteoclast development and subsequent resorption of mineralized matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    van der Pluijm, G.; Most, W.; van der Wee-Pals, L.; de Groot, H.; Papapoulos, S.; Loewik, C. (Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, University Hospital, Leiden (Netherlands))

    1991-09-01

    The multifunctional cytokine tumor necrosis factor-{alpha} (TNF {alpha}) stimulates osteoclastic resorption. It is not known which steps in osteoclast formation are affected by TNF {alpha}. The authors have investigated the effects of recombinant human TNF {alpha} (rhTNF {alpha}) on osteoclast development and osteoclastic resorption in two different in vitro resorption systems which are each characterized by a different stage of development of the osteoclast. The effects were further compared to those of bovine PTH-(1-84). rhTNF {alpha} at concentrations between 0.01-50 ng/ml (3 {times} 10(-13) to 1.5 {times} 10(-9) M) did not alter the activity of mature osteoclasts, measured as 45Ca release in fetal mouse radii. In the osteoclast precursor-dependent system (fetal mouse metacarpals) rhTNF {alpha} had a biphasic effect. It stimulated resorption dose-dependently from 0.01 ng/ml onward, with a maximal response at 0.5 ng/ml. At concentrations above 10 ng/ml rhTNF {alpha}, resorption was inhibited. In experiments in which irradiation was used to block replication, it was found that TNF {alpha} stimulates the proliferation of osteoclast progenitors at both low and high concentrations. As a result, at relatively low concentrations, more osteoclasts were formed in the calcified matrix, coinciding with an increased release of 45Ca. However, at relatively high concentrations, the increase in osteoclast progenitors did not lead to increased resorption, since the putative osteoclast progenitors were arrested in the periosteum. In comparison, bovine PTH-(1-84) stimulated resorption independent of proliferation by enhancing the differentiation of postmitotic osteoclast precursors and activating mature osteoclasts. In conclusion, the effects of TNF {alpha} on osteoclastic resorption are dependent on the stage of osteoclast development and the concentrations applied.

  2. Leukotriene B4 receptors on guinea pig alveolar eosinophils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maghni, K.; de Brum-Fernandes, A.J.; Foeldes-Filep, E.G.; Gaudry, M.; Borgeat, P.; Sirois, P. (Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine University of Sherbrooke, Quebec (Canada))

    1991-09-01

    The existence of receptors for LTB4 on highly purified guinea pig alveolar eosinophils was investigated. Massive infiltration of eosinophils in alveolar spaces was induced in guinea pigs by i.v. injections of Sephadex beads G50 (16 mg/kg). Alveolar eosinophils (50 {times} 10(6) cells) were purified to approximately 98% by Percoll continuous density gradient centrifugation. The binding studies indicated that alveolar eosinophils bind LTB4 in a saturable, reversible and specific manner. Scatchard analysis indicated the existence of high-affinity binding sites (Kd1 = 1.00 {plus minus} 0.22 nM; Bmax1 = 966 {plus minus} 266 sites/cell) and low-affinity binding sites (Kd2 = 62.5 {plus minus} 8.9 nM; Bmax2 = 5557 {plus minus} 757 sites/cell). The metabolism of LTB4 by alveolar eosinophils in binding conditions was assessed by RP-HPLC and no significant degradation of (3H)LTB4 was observed. LTB4 dose-dependently stimulated eosinophil migration in both chemokinesis and chemotaxis assays with an EC50 value of 1.30 {plus minus} 0.14 and 18.14 {plus minus} 1.57 nM, respectively. LTB4 caused a dose-dependent increase in the production of superoxide anion with an apparent EC50 value of 50 {times} 10(-9) M in the authors experimental conditions. LTB4 also induced a dose-dependent increase in the generation of TxA2 with an EC50 value of 46.2 {times} 10(-9) M. Taken together, their results demonstrated that guinea pig alveolar eosinophils express two classes of specific receptors for LTB4. The high-affinity binding sites seem associated to chemokinesis and chemotaxis whereas the low-affinity binding sites seem associated to superoxide anion production and generation of TxA2. The existence of LTB4 receptors in eosinophils could explain the presence of these cells in hypersensitivity reactions.

  3. The application of X-ray microtomography for the assessement of root resorption caused by the orthodontic treatment of premolars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Sawicka

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to demonstrate potential application of micro-computed tomography in the morphometric analysis of the root resorption in extracted human first premolars subjected to the orthodontic force. In one patient treated in the orthodontic clinic two mandibular first premolars subjected to orthodontic force for 4 weeks and one control tooth were selected for micro-computed tomographic analysis. The hardware device used in this study was a desktop X-ray microfocus CT scanner (SkyScan 1072. The morphology of root’s surfaces was assessed by TView and Computer Tomography Analyzer (CTAn softwares (SkyScan, bvba which allowed analysis of all microscans, identification of root resorption craters and measurement of their length, width and volume. Microscans showed in details the surface morphology of the investigated teeth. The analysis of microscans allowed to detect 3 root resorption cavities in each of the orthodontically moved tooth and only one resorption crater in the control tooth. The volumes of the resorption craters in orthodontically-treated teeth were much larger than in a control tooth. Micro-computed tomography is a reproducible technique for the three-dimensional non-invasive assessment of root’s morphology ex vivo. TView and CTan softwares are useful in accurate morphometric measurements of root’s resorption.

  4. Inhibition of Osteoclastogenesis and Bone Resorption in vitro and in vivo by a prenylflavonoid xanthohumol from hops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jing; Zeng, Li; Xie, Juan; Yue, Zhiying; Deng, Huayun; Ma, Xueyun; Zheng, Chunbing; Wu, Xiushan; Luo, Jian; Liu, Mingyao

    2015-01-01

    Excessive RANKL signaling leads to superfluous osteoclast formation and bone resorption, is widespread in the pathologic bone loss and destruction. Therefore, targeting RANKL or its signaling pathway has been a promising and successful strategy for this osteoclast-related diseases. In this study, we examined the effects of xanthohumol (XN), an abundant prenylflavonoid from hops plant, on osteoclastogenesis, osteoclast resorption, and RANKL-induced signaling pathway using both in vitro and in vivo assay systems. In mouse and human, XN inhibited osteoclast differentiation and osteoclast formation at the early stage. Furthermore, XN inhibited osteoclast actin-ring formation and bone resorption in a dose-dependent manner. In ovariectomized-induced bone loss mouse model and RANKL-injection-induced bone resorption model, we found that administration of XN markedly inhibited bone loss and resorption by suppressing osteoclast activity. At the molecular level, XN disrupted the association of RANK and TRAF6, resulted in the inhibition of NF-?B and Ca(2+)/NFATc1 signaling pathway during osteoclastogenesis. As a results, XN suppressed the expression of osteoclastogenesis-related marker genes, including CtsK, Nfatc1, Trap, Ctr. Therefore, our data demonstrated that XN inhibits osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption through RANK/TRAF6 signaling pathways. XN could be a promising drug candidate in the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases such as postmenopausal osteoporosis. PMID:26620037

  5. Anti-Resorptive Activity of Anti-Hypertensive Agent ACEi in Older Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rianon, Nahid; Edwards, BeJier; Nhonthachit, Phetsamong; Messick, Amanda; Gagel, Robert; Smith, Scott M.

    2016-01-01

    Hypertension (HTN) is associated with bone loss due to activation of the renin- angiotensin system (RAS) which in turn affects bone turnover. Animal studies have shown decreased bone resorption (up to 19%) and increased bone mass (up to 2%) following treatment with RAStargeted antihypertensive medications (e.g., angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, ACEi). Cross-sectional human studies have documented greater femoral neck BMD in older hypertensive men and women treated with ACEi compared to those not-treated with ACEi (nor other RAS-targeted medications). These findings raise the potential for ACEi use in preventing, or at a minimum slowing bone loss due to age or even microgravity. Based on this, we conducted a cohort study to investigate if ACEi treatment would decrease bone resorption in humans. We investigated changes in serum CTX and P1NP in 10 hypertensive men (45 years or older) treated with (N=5) without (N=5) exposure to ACEi for 3-months. Lisinopril was the ACEi used, and dose was adjusted as deemed appropriate by the attending physicians. Participants did not have any known skeletal health problem and were not exposed to any bisphosphonates or hydrochlorothiazides. A small sample size prevented detailed statistical analysis and hence, we present a preliminary descriptive report of our findings. Participants' age was 57+/-7 years (mean +/-SD), baseline body mass index was 27+/-5 kg/sq m, serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D was 66+/-17 nmol/L and parathyroid hormone was 30+/-13 pg/ml. After Lisinopril treatment, men demonstrated a 10% decrease in the bone resorption marker C-terminal telopeptide (CTX) and 5% decrease in formation marker procollagen type 1 amino-terminal pro-peptide (P1NP). On the contrary, serum CTX increased 41% and P1NP increased 10% in those who were not treated with ACEi. This is the first human study to report reduction in bone resorptive activity following ACEi treatment for hypertension in older men. Our results indicates potential for ACEi use to treat hypertension in patients who may also be at risk of bone loss due to high resorption, e.g., aging, bed-rest, or space flight. A clinical trial with larger number of subjects and longer duration of follow up is indicated to confirm our findings. This study was funded by the NASA Human Research Program.

  6. Severe root resorption resulting from orthodontic treatment: Prevalence and risk factors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Caroline Pelagio Raick, Maus; Rizomar Ramos do, Nascimento; Oswaldo de Vasconcellos, Vilella.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a prevalncia de reabsores radiculares externas severas e identificar provveis fatores de risco decorrentes do tratamento ortodntico. MTODOS: utilizou-se uma amostra selecionada aleatoriamente, composta de radiografias periapicais de incisivos superiores e inferiores, obtidas [...] no mesmo centro radiolgico, de pr- e ps-tratamento ortodntico ativo, de 129 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, tratados por meio da tcnica Edgewise Standard. Dois examinadores mensuraram e definiram a reabsoro radicular de acordo com ndice proposto por Levander et al., e o grau de reabsoro foi registrado, definindo a reabsoro em quatro graus de severidade. Para avaliar a reprodutibilidade intra- e interexaminadores, adotou-se o ndice de coeficiente kappa ponderado. O teste chi-quadrado (?2) foi adotado para avaliar a relao entre a quantidade de reabsoro radicular e o sexo dos pacientes, arcada dentria (superior ou inferior), tratamentos com ou sem extraes, durao do tratamento, forma radicular, estgio do pice radicular (aberto ou fechado), overjet e overbite no incio do tratamento. RESULTADOS: os incisivos centrais superiores apresentaram a maior porcentagem de reabsoro radicular severa, seguidos dos incisivos laterais superiores e dos incisivos laterais inferiores. Entre 959 dentes avaliados, 28 (2,9%) apresentaram reabsoro radicular severa. Os fatores de risco relacionados foram: dentes localizados na regio anterossuperior, overjet maior ou igual a 5mm ao incio do tratamento, tratamentos envolvendo extraes dentrias, tempo prolongado de terapia e formao radicular completa poca do incio do tratamento ortodntico. CONCLUSO: o estudo demonstrou que cuidados devem ser tomados em tratamentos ortodnticos envolvendo extraes, com grande retrao de incisivos superiores, tratamentos prolongados e/ou pice radicular completamente formado no incio da terapia ortodntica. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of severe external root resorption and its potential risk factors resulting from orthodontic treatment. METHODS: A randomly selected sample was used. It comprised conventional periapical radiographs taken in the same radiology center for maxillary and mandibular [...] incisors before and after active orthodontic treatment of 129 patients, males and females, treated by means of the Standard Edgewise technique. Two examiners measured and defined root resorption according to the index proposed by Levander et al. The degree of external apical root resorption was registered defining resorption in four degrees of severity. To assess intra and inter-rater reproducibility, kappa coefficient was used. Chi-square test was used to assess the relationship between the amount of root resorption and patient's sex, dental arch (maxillary or mandibular), treatment with or without extractions, treatment duration, root apex stage (open or closed), root shape, as well as overjet and overbite at treatment onset. RESULTS: Maxillary central incisors had the highest percentage of severe root resorption, followed by maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular lateral incisors. Out of 959 teeth, 28 (2.9%) presented severe root resorption. The following risk factors were observed: anterior maxillary teeth, overjet greater than or equal to 5 mm at treatment onset, treatment with extractions, prolonged therapy, and degree of apex formation at treatment onset. CONCLUSION: This study showed that care must be taken in orthodontic treatment involving extractions, great retraction of maxillary incisors, prolonged therapy, and/or completely formed apex at orthodontic treatment onset.

  7. Modified edentulous ridge expansion technique and immediate implant placement: a 3-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santagata, Mario; Guariniello, Luigi; Tartaro, Gianpaolo

    2015-04-01

    Restoration of the edentulous alveolar ridge with implants often requires the ridge width to be augmented to allow its placement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the split-crest technique, with subepithelial connective tissue graft used as biological barrier, in patients with narrow ridges, focusing on the status of soft and hard tissues and on implant success rate, at 36 months after implant loading. Thirteen patients (6 males and 7 females), ages 32-68 years (mean 49.4 years) with an atrophic maxillary jaw underwent modified edentulous ridge expansion technique for implant placement. A total of 33 Laser-Lok tapered internal implant, were placed in the maxilla. The following parameters were evaluated: (1) initial ridge width (time t0); (2) ridge width at the time of abutment connection (time t1); four months after implants placement, healing abutments were connected and the prosthetic rehabilitation was initiated, and all patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically with periapical radiograph at intervals of 3-6 months for the first year and annually thereafter for 3 years. The ridge width was measured with a cone beam computed tomography. The initial ridge width ranged from 3.5 mm to 7 mm (mean: 4.67 mm), while at the end of the expansion procedure the width ranged from 6.3 mm to 11.0 mm (mean: 8.2 mm). The width gain of the edentulous ridge ranged from 1.45-4.9 mm (mean: 3.5 mm). Two implants became exposed 1 month after surgery. One implant was lost before loading (3%). The diameter of failed implant was 5.8 mm and length was 10.5 mm. The remaining 32 implants were stable and free of complications at the end of the study. Thus, the implant survival rate was 97%. Because no implant failed after loading, the cumulative survival rate of loaded implants was 100%. The minimally invasive regenerative technique presented here avoids the use of bone graft, secondary surgery for soft tissue augmentation, and mechanical expansion devices. However, the follow-up period for outcome evaluation and exiguous patient's number in this series was limited. PMID:23641728

  8. Localized maxillary ridge augmentation with a block allograft for dental implant placement: case reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonetti, Joseph A; Koup, Richard

    2003-01-01

    Autogenous block bone grafts have been highly successful in treating human periodontal defects, restoring esthetics, and developing adequate bone volume for dental implant placement. Limitations in available donor bone, the need for an added surgical procedure, and other potential complications have made the use of allogenic bone graft materials an important alternative. One patient described in this report presented with fractured root syndrome of the right maxillary incisor with severe resorption of the buccal plate. After atraumatic tooth extraction, a staged treatment approach involving localized ridge augmentation with an allogenic iliac bone block material and dental implant placement was used. The host bone completely incorporated the graft with only minor resorption, which enabled the implant to be placed. The allogenic bone block material used in this study was an effective alternative to harvesting and grafting autogenous bone for implant site development. The cases presented in this article clinically demonstrate the efficacy of using a block allograft in generating effective new bone fill for dental implant placement. PMID:14560481

  9. Post-neonatal drop in alveolar SP-A expression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stray-Pedersen, Arne; Vege, Ashild; Stray-Pedersen, Asbjorg; Holmskov, Uffe; Rognum, Torleiv Ole

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is synthesized in the lung and is a part of the innate immune system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of SP-A in lung tissue from fetuses, infants, children and adults with special regard to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). METHODS: A...... total of 160 cases were studied; 19 fetuses and neonates, 59 SIDS and 49 explained infant deaths below 1 year of age, 19 toddlers and 14 adults. Immunohistochemical detection of SP-A using monoclonal antibodies was performed by microscopy of lung tissue specimens collected at autopsy. A scoring system...... was developed enabling semi-quantitative estimation of staining intensity and distribution. RESULTS: SP-A was detected in the terminal bronchioles and alveolar spaces of fetuses >35 weeks gestation. The intra-alveolar SP-A expression increased in the perinatal period followed by a marked drop in...

  10. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage resulting from Pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Salarini Monteiro

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available A 27 year-old female patient, cocaine user, presenting hemoptysis and progressive dyspnea with onset 48 hours prior to hospital admission, without any other signs or symptoms. Serum tests for infectious diseases, collagen disorders and vasculitis were negative. Urinalysis was normal. Computed tomography of the chest showed diffuse alveolar infiltrate, affecting mainly the lower left lobe. A thoracoscopic lung biopsy was performed to clarify the diagnosis. The histopathological findings showed capillaritis and diffuse intra-alveolar hemorrhage. Treated with steroid and cyclophosphamide pulse therapy, a good clinical and radiographical response was obtained. The recently described pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis is characterized by the presence of isolated pulmonary capillaritis and negative serum testing for auto-immune diseases.

  11. Mandibular Symphyseal Bone Graft for Reconstruction of Alveolar Cleft Defects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linderup, Bo Werner; Cattaneo, Paolo M; Jensen, John; Küseler, Annelise

    2014-01-01

    Objective :  The aims of this retrospective study were to evaluate the volumetric outcome of mandibular symphyseal bone graft in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate by estimating the bone fill 1-year postoperatively on cone beam computed tomography. The outcome was assessed in relation to...... the (1) root development stage of the cleft side canine, (2) presence/absence of a cleft side lateral incisor, and (3) volume size of the preoperative cleft defect. Methods :  The alveolar bone defect volume of 32 consecutive unilateral cleft lip and palate patients aged 8 years 1 month to 11 years 11...... alveolar bone grafting with mandibular symphyseal bone graft in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate is an attractive procedure assessed from the volumetric outcome using cone beam computed tomography. The 1-year average bone fill of 87% was not significantly influenced by root development stage...

  12. Alveolar echinococcosis of the liver - computed tomographic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to ascertain the typical computed tomographic findings of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, 24 computed tomograms of 19 patients were evaluated. The liver was involved in all cases whereas the diaphragma was infiltrated in 32%, and the retroperioteneal area in 42%. The right liver lobe was affected in 65%. Both before and after intravenous bolus contrast medium administration, the lesions were mainly inhomogeneous and of low density; a masking of the lesions due to the contrast medium administration was not observed; the enhancement pattern was irregular. Calcifications were detected in 96% of the cases, cystic structures in 50%, and cholestasis in 54%. On the basis of the crucial finding of calcifications in combination with the other typical observations, CT seems to be very suitable for the evaluation of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. (orig.)

  13. Oxidative Stress, Cell Death, and Other Damage to Alveolar Epithelial Cells Induced by Cigarette Smoke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagai A

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor in the development of various lung diseases, including pulmonary emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, and lung cancer. The mechanisms of these diseases include alterations in alveolar epithelial cells, which are essential in the maintenance of normal alveolar architecture and function. Following cigarette smoking, alterations in alveolar epithelial cells induce an increase in epithelial permeability, a decrease in surfactant production, the inappropriate production of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors, and an increased risk of lung cancer. However, the most deleterious effect of cigarette smoke on alveolar epithelial cells is cell death, i.e., either apoptosis or necrosis depending on the magnitude of cigarette smoke exposure. Cell death induced by cigarette smoke exposure can largely be accounted for by an enhancement in oxidative stress. In fact, cigarette smoke contains and generates many reactive oxygen species that damage alveolar epithelial cells. Whether apoptosis and/or necrosis in alveolar epithelial cells is enhanced in healthy cigarette smokers is presently unclear. However, recent evidence indicates that the apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells and alveolar endothelial cells is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema, an important cigarette smoke-induced lung disease characterized by the loss of alveolar structures. This review will discuss oxidative stress, cell death, and other damage to alveolar epithelial cells induced by cigarette smoke.

  14. Injury of the Inferior Alveolar Nerve during Implant Placement: a Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gintaras Juodzbalys

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of present article was to review aetiological factors, mechanism, clinical symptoms, and diagnostic methods as well as to create treatment guidelines for the management of inferior alveolar nerve injury during dental implant placement.Material and Methods: Literature was selected through a search of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane electronic databases. The keywords used for search were inferior alveolar nerve injury, inferior alveolar nerve injuries, inferior alveolar nerve injury implant, inferior alveolar nerve damage, inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia and inferior alveolar nerve repair. The search was restricted to English language articles, published from 1972 to November 2010. Additionally, a manual search in the major anatomy, dental implant, periodontal and oral surgery journals and books were performed. The publications there selected by including clinical, human anatomy and physiology studies.Results: In total 136 literature sources were obtained and reviewed. Aetiological factors of inferior alveolar nerve injury, risk factors, mechanism, clinical sensory nerve examination methods, clinical symptoms and treatment were discussed. Guidelines were created to illustrate the methods used to prevent and manage inferior alveolar nerve injury before or after dental implant placement.Conclusions: The damage of inferior alveolar nerve during the dental implant placement can be a serious complication. Clinician should recognise and exclude aetiological factors leading to nerve injury. Proper presurgery planning, timely diagnosis and treatment are the key to avoid nerve sensory disturbances management.

  15. A case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with Cor Pulmonale

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Wen; Gu, Tao

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease characterized by the formation and deposition of microliths within the alveoli and a paucity of symptoms in contrast to the imaging findings. It has familial tendency and is thought to be an autosomal recessive disorder with the mutation in the SLC34A2 gene. We describe a case of PAM with Cor Pulmonale. Ultrasonic cardiogram showed pulmonary hypertension (82 mmHg). Chest radiography revealed diffuse, bilateral sandstorm-like micronodul...

  16. Preventive treatment of alveolar pulmonary edema of cardiogenic origin

    OpenAIRE

    Gideon Charach; Michael Shochat; Alexander Rabinovich; Oded Ayzenberg; Jacob George; Lior Charach; Pavel Rabinovich

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of preventive treatment (PT) on alveolar pulmonary edema (APE) of cardiogenic origin using a monitor based on principles of internal thoracic impedance (ITI) measurements. Methods We conducted blinded clinical trials on patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and monitored whether the condition would progress to APE. ITI was measured non- invasively by the Edema Guard Monitor (EGM, model RS-207) every 30 min. The measurement threshold for ...

  17. European Echinococcosis Registry: Human Alveolar Echinococcosis, Europe, 19822000

    OpenAIRE

    KERN Petra; Bardonnet, Karine; Renner, Elisabeth; Auer, Herbert; Pawlowski, Zbigniew; Ammann, Rudolf W; Vuitton, Dominique A.; Kern, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Surveillance for alveolar echinococcosis in central Europe was initiated in 1998. On a voluntary basis, 559 patients were reported to the registry. Most cases originated from rural communities in regions from eastern France to western Austria; single cases were reported far away from the disease-endemic zone throughout central Europe. Of 210 patients, 61.4% were involved in vocational or part-time farming, gardening, forestry, or hunting. Patients were diagnosed at a mean age of 52.5 years;...

  18. CHARACTERIZATION OF ALVEOLAR EPITHELIAL CELLS CULTURED IN SEMIPERMEABLE HOLLOW FIBERS

    OpenAIRE

    Grek, Christina L; Newton, Danforth A.; Qiu, Yonhzhi; Wen, Xuejun; Spyropoulos, Demetri D.; Baatz, John E

    2009-01-01

    Cell culture methods commonly used to represent alveolar epithelial cells in vivo have lacked airflow, a 3-dimensional air-liquid interface, and dynamic stretching characteristics of native lung tissue—physiological parameters critical for normal phenotypic gene expression and cellular function. Here the authors report the development of a selectively semipermeable hollow fiber culture system that more accurately mimics the in vivo microenvironment experienced by mammalian distal airway cells...

  19. Alveolar Edema Fluid Clearance and Acute Lung Injury

    OpenAIRE

    Berthiaume, Yves; Matthay, Michael A.

    2007-01-01

    Although lung-protective ventilation strategies have substantially reduced mortality of acute lung injury patients there is still a need for new therapies that can further decrease mortality in patients with acute lung injury. Studies of epithelial ion and fluid transport across the distal pulmonary epithelia have provided important new concepts regarding potential new therapies for acute lung injury. Overall, there is convincing evidence that the alveolar epithelium is not only a tight epith...

  20. Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in SLE

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, J; Gu, F; Wang, H.; Hua, B.; Hou, Y.; Shi, S.; Lu, L.; Sun, L.

    2010-01-01

    Background. A 19-year-old girl was diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus, based on findings of arthritis, malar rash, positive antinuclear antibody test and high levels of antibodies to double-stranded DNA. Two months after diagnosis, the patient presented with a sudden drop in blood hemoglobin level. Several days later, she developed bloody sputum, rapidly progressive dyspnea and hypoxemia. High-resolution CT showed diffuse alveolar infiltrates in both lung fields.Investigations. Physi...

  1. Secondary Alveolar Bone Grafting (CLEFTSiS) 2007-2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paterson, Michael; Rae, Jennifer; Paterson, Paul; Gilgrass, Toby; Devlin, Mark; McIntyre, Grant

    2016-03-01

    Objective To determine whether alveolar bone graft outcomes for unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate patients have continued to improve since the reorganization of cleft services in Scotland in 2000. Design Retrospective analysis of postoperative anterior occlusal radiographs. Patients and Participants Eighty-one of 106 patients who were eligible for alveolar bone grafting between 2007 and 2010 had suitable postoperative radiographs available. Interventions Twenty-seven percent of the patients (n = 22) had presurgical orthodontic intervention. All patients underwent alveolar bone grafting with bone harvested from the iliac crest. Main Outcome Measures The Kindelan bone-fill index was used to evaluate success. Weighted kappa statistics were used to assess intra- and interobserver reproducibility. A comparison was made with results from 2000 to 2004 to assess any improvement. Chi-square tests (or Fisher exact test) were used to determine whether outcomes differed depending on the laterality of the cleft, use of presurgical expansion, or age at bone grafting. Results Interobserver scoring agreement was good (weighted kappa = .383). Intraobserver reproducibility was greater (weighted kappas of .835 and .620). Success was achieved in 99% of bone grafts, compared with 76% in the period from 2000 to 2004 (P < .001). There was no statistically significant relationship between the laterality of the cleft (P = 1.000), use of presurgical expansion (P = 1.000), or age at time of bone grafting and outcome (P = .259). Conclusion Scottish secondary alveolar bone graft outcomes improved during 2007 to 2010 in comparison to the 2000 to 2004 results. PMID:26914161

  2. Chloride transport-driven alveolar fluid secretion is a major contributor to cardiogenic lung edema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solymosi, Esther A; Kaestle-Gembardt, Stefanie M; Vadsz, Istvn; Wang, Liming; Neye, Nils; Chupin, Ccile Julie Adrienne; Rozowsky, Simon; Ruehl, Ramona; Tabuchi, Arata; Schulz, Holger; Kapus, Andras; Morty, Rory E; Kuebler, Wolfgang M

    2013-06-18

    Alveolar fluid clearance driven by active epithelial Na(+) and secondary Cl(-) absorption counteracts edema formation in the intact lung. Recently, we showed that impairment of alveolar fluid clearance because of inhibition of epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaCs) promotes cardiogenic lung edema. Concomitantly, we observed a reversal of alveolar fluid clearance, suggesting that reversed transepithelial ion transport may promote lung edema by driving active alveolar fluid secretion. We, therefore, hypothesized that alveolar ion and fluid secretion may constitute a pathomechanism in lung edema and aimed to identify underlying molecular pathways. In isolated perfused lungs, alveolar fluid clearance and secretion were determined by a double-indicator dilution technique. Transepithelial Cl(-) secretion and alveolar Cl(-) influx were quantified by radionuclide tracing and alveolar Cl(-) imaging, respectively. Elevated hydrostatic pressure induced ouabain-sensitive alveolar fluid secretion that coincided with transepithelial Cl(-) secretion and alveolar Cl(-) influx. Inhibition of either cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) or Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters (NKCC) blocked alveolar fluid secretion, and lungs of CFTR(-/-) mice were protected from hydrostatic edema. Inhibition of ENaC by amiloride reproduced alveolar fluid and Cl(-) secretion that were again CFTR-, NKCC-, and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase-dependent. Our findings show a reversal of transepithelial Cl(-) and fluid flux from absorptive to secretory mode at hydrostatic stress. Alveolar Cl(-) and fluid secretion are triggered by ENaC inhibition and mediated by NKCC and CFTR. Our results characterize an innovative mechanism of cardiogenic edema formation and identify NKCC1 as a unique therapeutic target in cardiogenic lung edema. PMID:23645634

  3. Ridge Regression for Interactive Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Richard L.

    1988-01-01

    An exploratory study of the value of ridge regression for interactive models is reported. Assuming that the linear terms in a simple interactive model are centered to eliminate non-essential multicollinearity, a variety of common models, representing both ordinal and disordinal interactions, are shown to have "orientations" that are favorable to

  4. Effects of elastase and cigarette smoke on alveolar epithelial permeability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine whether instilled porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) increases alveolar epithelial permeability, the authors measured alveolar epithelium permeability X surface area (PS) for [14C]sucrose and 125I-bovine serum albumin in isolated perfused lungs from hamsters previously exposed to PPE and/or cigarette smoke. Saline (0.5 ml) with 0, 5, or 20 units PPE was instilled intratracheally in anesthetized hamsters. Those exposed to smoke for 4-6 wk received 0 or 5 units; PS was measured 3 h later. Nonsmokers received 0, 5, or 20 units; PS was measured 3 h, 24 h, or 5 days later. Control PS values were (cm3/s X 10(-4), +/- SE) 0.84 +/- 0.11 for sucrose and 0.030 +/- 0.006 for BSA. Three and 24 h following 20 units PPE, (PS)sucrose was twice the control valve. (PS)BSA was four times control at 3 h but not significantly increased at 24 h. Five days after PPE both were back to control levels. Five units PPE or smoke exposure alone caused no PS changes. Smoke exposure and 5 units PPE caused (PS)sucrose to increase markedly (1.85 +/- 0.32); (PS)BSA was not significantly increased (0.076 +/- 0.026). Thus, instilled PPE causes reversible increases in alveolar epithelial PS; cigarette smoking potentiates this effect

  5. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of the 1022 cases reported worldwide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Castellana

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease characterised by the widespread intra-alveolar accumulation of minute calculi called microliths. It is caused by mutation of the SLC34A2 gene encoding the type IIb sodium phosphate cotransporter in alveolar type II cells. The present study explores the epidemiological, familial, genetic, clinical, diagnostic, radiological and therapeutic aspects with the aim of contributing to a better understanding of this uncommon disease. We searched articles on PAM published up to December 2014 and 544 papers were found, accounting for 1022 cases. PAM is present in all continents and in many nations, in particular in Turkey, China, Japan, India, Italy and the USA. Familiality is frequent. The clinical course is not uniform and the causes of this clinical variability seem to be largely nongenetic. The optimal diagnostic procedure is the association of chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT with bronchoalveolar lavage, but a chest radiograph may suffice in families in which a case has already been diagnosed. Moreover, chest radiography and HRCT allow the classification of the evolutionary phase of the disease and its severity. At present lung transplantation is the only effective therapy. However, better knowledge of the gene responsible offers hope for new therapies.

  6. Evaluation of optical reflectance techniques for imaging of alveolar structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unglert, Carolin I.; Namati, Eman; Warger, William C.; Liu, Linbo; Yoo, Hongki; Kang, DongKyun; Bouma, Brett E.; Tearney, Guillermo J.

    2012-07-01

    Three-dimensional (3-D) visualization of the fine structures within the lung parenchyma could advance our understanding of alveolar physiology and pathophysiology. Current knowledge has been primarily based on histology, but it is a destructive two-dimensional (2-D) technique that is limited by tissue processing artifacts. Micro-CT provides high-resolution three-dimensional (3-D) imaging within a limited sample size, but is not applicable to intact lungs from larger animals or humans. Optical reflectance techniques offer the promise to visualize alveolar regions of the large animal or human lung with sub-cellular resolution in three dimensions. Here, we present the capabilities of three optical reflectance techniques, namely optical frequency domain imaging, spectrally encoded confocal microscopy, and full field optical coherence microscopy, to visualize both gross architecture as well as cellular detail in fixed, phosphate buffered saline-immersed rat lung tissue. Images from all techniques were correlated to each other and then to corresponding histology. Spatial and temporal resolution, imaging depth, and suitability for in vivo probe development were compared to highlight the merits and limitations of each technology for studying respiratory physiology at the alveolar level.

  7. Massive Alveolar Hemorrhage During Wegener Granulomatosis: a Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gkhan Perincek

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This is a presentation of Wegener Granulomatosis (WG disease. Even though the lungs are rarely affected. massive alveolar hemorrhage is seen which leads to mortality. The patient was a 28 year old man. His illness was diagnosed as WG and glomerulonephritis a year previously and he was treated by administration of methylprednisolone orally. He had been treated irregularly. He applied to the emergency service with hemoptysis and asthma complaints two days earlier. After the results of his examination Hb: 3.6 gr/dl, Htc:10.3%, re:131 mg /dl, kreatini: 7.7 mg/dl, pH: 7.41, pO2: 55 mmHg, pCO2:33 mmHg, and being diagnosed as alveolar consolidation on lung X-ray, he was taken to the intensive care unit with a diagnosis of a massive alveolar hemorrhagei. He was intubated and attached to mechanical ventilation. He was treated with parenteral 1 mg/kg/day methylprednisolone and, siklofosfamid 2 mg/kg/day. He was extubated on the 21st day. He was taken to the chest service department on 24th day. He is still being treated.

  8. Strength of pulmonary vascular response to regional alveolar hypoxia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regional alveolar hypoxia in the lung induces regional pulmonary vasoconstriction which diverts blood flow from the hypoxic area. However, the predominant determinant of the distribution of perfusion in the normal erect lung is gravity so that more perfusion occurs at the base than at the apex. To determine the strength of the regional alveolar hypoxic response in diverting flow with or against the gravity gradient a divided tracheal cannula was placed in anesthetized dogs and unilateral alveolar hypoxia created by ventilating one lung with nitrogen while ventilating the other lung with oxygen to preserve normal systemic oxygenation. Scintigrams of the distribution of perfusion obtained with intravenous 13N and the MGH positron camera revealed a 34 and 32 percent decrease in perfusion to the hypoxic lung in the supine and erect positions and a 26 percent decrease in the decubitus position with the hypoxic lung dependent (P = 0.94 from supine shift), indicating nearly equal vasoconstriction with shift of perfusion away from the hypoxic lung in all positions. Analysis of regional shifts in perfusion revealed an equal vasoconstrictor response from apex to base in the supine position but a greater response in the lower lung zones in the erect position where perfusion was also greatest

  9. Anomalies in the Foundations of Ridge Regression

    CERN Document Server

    Jensen, D R

    2007-01-01

    Anomalies persist in the foundations of ridge regression as set forth in Hoerl and Kennard (1970) and subsequently. Conventional ridge estimators and their properties do not follow on constraining lengths of solution vectors using LaGrange's method, as claimed. Estimators so constrained have singular distributions; the proposed solutions are not necessarily minimizing; and heretofore undiscovered bounds are exhibited for the ridge parameter. None of the considerable literature on estimation, prediction, cross--validation, choice of ridge parameter, and related issues, collectively known as ridge regression, is consistent with constrained optimization, nor with corresponding inequality constraints. The problem is traced to a misapplication of LaGrange's principle, failure to recognize the singularity of distributions, and misplaced links between constraints and the ridge parameter. Other principles, based on condition numbers, are seen to validate both conventional ridge and surrogate ridge regression to be de...

  10. Influence of ridge inclination and implant localization on the association of mandibular Kennedy class I removable partial denture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, Lígia Del' Arco Pignatta; Pellizzer, Eduardo Piza; Verri, Fellippo Ramos; Falcón-Antenucci, Rosse Mary; Goiato, Marcelo Coelho

    2011-05-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the tendency of displacement of the supporting structures of the distal extension removable partial denture (DERPD) associated to the implant with different inclinations of alveolar ridge and implant localizations through a two-dimensional finite-element method. Sixteen mandibular models were fabricated, presenting horizontal, distally descending, distally ascending, or descending-ascending ridges. All models presented the left canine and were rehabilitated with conventional DERPD or implant-retained prosthesis with the ERA system. The models were obtained by the AutoCAD software and transferred to the finite-element software ANSYS 9.0 for analysis. A force of 50 N was applied on the cusp tips of the teeth, with 5 points of loading of 10 N. The results were visualized by displacement maps. For all ridge inclinations, the assembly of the DERPD with distal plate retained by an anterior implant exhibited the lowest requisition of the supporting structures. The highest tendency of displacement occurred in the model with distally ascending ridge with incisal rest. It was concluded that the association of the implant decreased the displacement of the DERPD, and the anterior positioning of the implant associated to the DERPD with the distal plate preserved the supporting structures for all ridges. PMID:21558932

  11. The influence of ovariectomy, simvastatin and sodium alendronate on alveolar bone in rats Influência da ovariectomia, da sinvastatina e do alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lia Anbinder

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Bisphosphonates are currently used in the treatment of many diseases involving increased bone resorption such as osteoporosis. Statins have been widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and recent studies have shown that these drugs are also capable of stimulating bone formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of an estrogen deficient state and the effects of simvastatin and sodium alendronate therapies on alveolar bone in female rats. Fifty-four rats were either ovariectomized (OVX or sham operated. A month later, the animals began to receive a daily dose of simvastatin (SIN - 25 mg/kg, sodium alendronate (ALN - 2 mg/kg or water (control orally. Thirty-five days after the beginning of the treatment, the rats were sacrificed and their left hemimandibles were removed and radiographed using digital X-ray equipment. The alveolar radiographic density under the first molar was determined with gray-level scaling and the values were submitted to analysis of variance (a = 5%. Ovariectomized rats gained more weight (mean ± standard deviation: 20.06 ± 6.68% than did the sham operated animals (12.13 ± 5.63%. Alveolar radiographic density values, expressed as gray levels, were lowest in the OVX-water group (183.49 ± 6.47, and differed significantly from those observed for the groups receiving alendronate (sham-ALN: 193.85 ± 3.81; OVX-ALN: 196.06 ± 5.11 and from those of the sham-water group (193.66 ± 4.36. Other comparisons between groups did not show significant differences. It was concluded that the ovariectomy reduced alveolar bone density and that alendronate was efficient for the treatment of this condition.Os bisfosfonatos são empregados atualmente para o tratamento de várias doenças caracterizadas pelo aumento da reabsorção óssea, como a osteoporose. As estatinas são amplamente utilizadas para redução de níveis elevados de colesterol e estudos recentes têm revelado sua ação anabólica no osso. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência da deficiência estrogênica e dos tratamentos com sinvastatina ou alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas. Cinqüenta e quatro ratas sofreram ovariectomia (OVX ou cirurgia simulada ("sham". Um mês após, os animais passaram a receber diariamente, via oral, 25 mg/kg de sinvastatina (SIN, 2 mg/kg de alendronato (ALN ou água (controle. Trinta e cinco dias depois do início do tratamento os animais foram sacrificados, as hemimandíbulas esquerdas removidas e radiografadas em aparelho de raios X digital. Foi calculada a densidade radiográfica em tons de cinza da área de osso alveolar sob o primeiro molar mandibular e os valores foram submetidos a ANOVA, ao nível de 5%. Ratas ovariectomizadas ganharam mais peso (média ± desvio-padrão: 20,06 ± 6,68% que as demais (12,13 ± 5,63%. Os valores de densidade radiográfica, em tons de cinza, foram menores nos animais do grupo OVX-água (183,49 ± 6,47, significantemente diferentes daqueles observados nos grupos que receberam alendronato ("sham"-ALN: 193,85 ± 3,81; OVX-ALN: 196,06 ± 5,11 e no grupo "sham"-água (193,66 ± 4,36. Outras comparações entre grupos não revelaram diferenças estatísticas. Concluiu-se que a ovariectomia reduziu a densidade óssea alveolar e que o tratamento com alendronato sódico foi eficiente para o tratamento desta situação.

  12. Metallogenesis along the Indian Ocean Ridge System

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Banerjee, R.; Ray, Dwijesh

    fauna. Nature , 1996, 379 , 531 ? 533. 24. Sohrin, Y. and Gamo, T. and the Shipboard Science Party of the INDOYO, CTD observations to search for hydrothermal activity on the Southwest Indian Ridge and the Cen tral Indian Ridge just north... - OCEANIC RIDGES CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 85, NO. 3, 10 AUGUST 2003 321 Metallogenesis along the Indian Ocean Ridge System Ranadip Banerjee* and Dwijesh Ray Geological Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403...

  13. The beach ridges of India: A review

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kunte, P.D.; Wagle, B.G.

    , and is presented in a consolidated form. Beach ridges of the east and west coast of India are grouped in thirteen-beach ridge complexes based on their association. Review indicates that the beach ridges of India are not older than the Holocene age...

  14. Influence of the Alveolar Cleft Type on Preoperative Estimation Using 3D CT Assessment for Alveolar Cleft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hang Suk Choi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background The bone graft for the alveolar cleft has been accepted as one of the essentialtreatments for cleft lip patients. Precise preoperative measurement of the architecture andsize of the bone defect in alveolar cleft has been considered helpful for increasing the successrate of bone grafting because those features may vary with the cleft type. Recently, somestudies have reported on the usefulness of three-dimensional (3D computed tomography(CT assessment of alveolar bone defect; however, no study on the possible implication of thecleft type on the difference between the presumed and actual value has been conducted yet.We aimed to evaluate the clinical predictability of such measurement using 3D CT assessmentaccording to the cleft type.Methods The study consisted of 47 pediatric patients. The subjects were divided according tothe cleft type. CT was performed before the graft operation and assessed using image analysissoftware. The statistical significance of the difference between the preoperative estimationand intraoperative measurement was analyzed.Results The difference between the preoperative and intraoperative values were -0.1±0.3cm3 (P=0.084. There was no significant intergroup difference, but the groups with a cleftpalate showed a significant difference of -0.2±0.3 cm3 (P<0.05.Conclusions Assessment of the alveolar cleft volume using 3D CT scan data and image analysissoftware can help in selecting the optimal graft procedure and extracting the correct volumeof cancellous bone for grafting. Considering the cleft type, it would be helpful to extract anadditional volume of 0.2 cm3 in the presence of a cleft palate.

  15. Elemental analysis of lung tissue particles and intracellular iron content of alveolar macrophages in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ohkubo Takeru

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP is a rare disease occurred by idiopathic (autoimmune or secondary to particle inhalation. The in-air microparticle induced X-ray emission (in-air micro-PIXE system performs elemental analysis of materials by irradiation with a proton microbeam, and allows visualization of the spatial distribution and quantitation of various elements with very low background noise. The aim of this study was to assess the secondary PAP due to inhalation of harmful particles by employing in-air micro-PIXE analysis for particles and intracellular iron in parafin-embedded lung tissue specimens obtained from a PAP patient comparing with normal lung tissue from a non-PAP patient. The iron inside alveolar macrophages was stained with Berlin blue, and its distribution was compared with that on micro-PIXE images. Results The elements composing particles and their locations in the PAP specimens could be identified by in-air micro-PIXE analysis, with magnesium (Mg, aluminum (Al, silicon (Si, phosphorus (P, sulfur (S, scandium (Sc, potassium (K, calcium (Ca, titanium (Ti, chromium (Cr, copper (Cu, manganase (Mn, iron (Fe, and zinc (Zn being detected. Si was the major component of the particles. Serial sections stained by Berlin blue revealed accumulation of sideromacrophages that had phagocytosed the particles. The intracellular iron content of alveolar macrophage from the surfactant-rich area in PAP was higher than normal lung tissue in control lung by both in-air micro-PIXE analysis and Berlin blue staining. Conclusion The present study demonstrated the efficacy of in-air micro-PIXE for analyzing the distribution and composition of lung particles. The intracellular iron content of single cells was determined by simultaneous two-dimensional and elemental analysis of paraffin-embedded lung tissue sections. The results suggest that secondary PAP is associated with exposure to inhaled particles and accumulation of iron in alveolar macrophages.

  16. Inhibited osteoclastic bone resorption through alendronate treatment in rats reduces severe osteoarthritis progression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siebelt, M; Waarsing, J H; Groen, H C; Mller, C; Koelewijn, S J; de Blois, E; Verhaar, J A N; de Jong, M; Weinans, H

    2014-09-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is a non-rheumatoid joint disease characterized by progressive degeneration of extra-cellular cartilage matrix (ECM), enhanced subchondral bone remodeling, osteophyte formation and synovial thickening. Alendronate (ALN) is a potent inhibitor of osteoclastic bone resorption and results in reduced bone remodeling. This study investigated the effects of pre-emptive use of ALN on OA related osteoclastic subchondral bone resorption in an in vivo rat model for severe OA. Using multi-modality imaging we measured effects of ALN treatment within cartilage and synovium. Severe osteoarthritis was induced in left rat knees using papain injections in combination with a moderate running protocol. Twenty rats were treated with subcutaneous ALN injections and compared to twenty untreated controls. Animals were longitudinally monitored for 12weeks with in vivo ?CT to measure subchondral bone changes and SPECT/CT to determine synovial macrophage activation using a folate-based radiotracer. Articular cartilage was analyzed at 6 and 12weeks with ex vivo contrast enhanced ?CT and histology to measure sulfated-glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) content and cartilage thickness. ALN treatment successfully inhibited subchondral bone remodeling. As a result we found less subchondral plate porosity and reduced osteophytosis. ALN treatment did not reduce subchondral sclerosis. However, after the OA induction phase, ALN treatment protected cartilage ECM from degradation and reduced synovial macrophage activation. Surprisingly, ALN treatment also improved sGAG content of tibia cartilage in healthy joints. Our data was consistent with the hypothesis that osteoclastic bone resorption might play an important role in OA and may be a driving force for progression of the disease. However, our study suggest that this effect might not solely be effects on osteoclastic activity, since ALN treatment also influenced macrophage functioning. Additionally, ALN treatment and physical activity exercised a positive effect in healthy control joints, which increased cartilage sGAG content. More research on this topic might lead to novel insights as to improve cartilage quality. PMID:24933343

  17. Changes in markers of bone formation and resorption in a bed rest model of weightlessness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lueken, S. A.; Arnaud, S. B.; Taylor, A. K.; Baylink, D. J.

    1993-01-01

    To study the mechanism of bone loss in physical unloading, we examined indices of bone formation and bone resorption in the serum and urine of eight healthy men during a 7 day -6 degrees head-down tilt bed rest. Prompt increases in markers of resorption--pyridinoline (PD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and hydroxyproline (Hyp)/g creatinine--during the first few days of inactivity were paralleled by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) with significant increases in all these markers by day 4 of bed rest. An index of formation, skeletal alkaline phosphatase (SALP), did not change during bed rest and showed a moderate 15% increase 1 week after reambulation. In contrast to SALP, serum osteocalcin (OC) began increasing the day preceding the increase in Hyp, remained elevated for the duration of the bed rest, and returned to pre-bed rest values within 5 days of reambulation. Similarly, DPD increased significantly at the onset of bed rest, remained elevated for the duration of bed rest, and returned to pre-bed rest levels upon reambulation. On the other hand, the other three indices of resorption, Hyp, PD, and TRAP, remained elevated for 2 weeks after reambulation. The most sensitive indices of the levels of physical activity proved to be the noncollagenous protein, OC, and the collagen crosslinker, DPD. The bed rest values of both these markers were significantly elevated compared to both the pre-bed rest values and the post-bed rest values. The sequence of changes in the circulating markers of bone metabolism indicated that increases in serum OC are the earliest responses of bone to head-down tilt bed rest.

  18. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 mediates prostate cancer-induced bone resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yi; Cai, Zhong; Xiao, Guozhi; Keller, Evan T; Mizokami, Atsushi; Yao, Zhi; Roodman, G David; Zhang, Jian

    2007-04-15

    Prostate cancer preferentially metastasizes to bone, resulting in high mortality. Strategies to inhibit prostate cancer metastasis include targeting both tumor-induced osteoblastic lesions and underlying osteoclastic activities. We and others have previously shown that blocking receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) partially blocks tumor establishment and progression in bone in murine models. However, levels of RANKL in the cell lines used in these studies were very low, suggesting that soluble factors other than RANKL may mediate the cancer-induced osteoclast activity. To identify these factors, a human cytokine antibody array was used to measure cytokine expression in conditioned medium collected from primary prostate epithelial cells (PrEC), prostate cancer LNCaP and its derivative C4-2B, and PC3 cells. All prostate cancer cells produced high amounts of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) compared with PrEC cells. Furthermore, levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, GROalpha, ENA-78, and CXCL-16 were higher in PC3 than LNCaP. These results were confirmed by ELISA. Finally, human bone marrow mononuclear cells (HBMC) were cultured with PC3 conditioned medium. Although both recombinant human MCP-1 and IL-8 directly stimulated HBMC differentiation into osteoclast-like cells, IL-8, but not MCP-1, induced bone resorption on dentin slices with 21 days of culture in the absence of RANKL. However, the conditioned medium-induced bone resorption was inhibited by MCP-1 neutralizing antibody and was further synergistically inhibited with IL-8 antibody, indicating that MCP-1, in addition to IL-8, mediates tumor-induced osteoclastogenesis and bone resorption. MCP-1 may promote preosteoclast cell fusion, forming multinucleated tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive osteoclast-like cells. This study may provide novel therapeutic targets for treatment of prostate cancer skeletal metastasis. PMID:17440076

  19. Passive and active in vitro resorption of calcium and magnesium phosphate cements by osteoclastic cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossardt, Christian; Ewald, Andrea; Grover, Liam M; Barralet, Jake E; Gbureck, Uwe

    2010-12-01

    Biocements are clinically applied materials for bone replacement in non-load-bearing defects. Depending on their final composition, cements can be either resorbed or remain stable at the implantation site. Degradation can occur by two different mechanisms, by simple dissolution (passive) or after osteoclastic bone remodeling (active). This study investigated both the passive and active in vitro resorption behavior of brushite (CaHPO₄ · 2H₂O), monetite (CaHPO₄), calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite (CDHA; Ca₉(PO₄)₅HPO₄OH), and struvite (MgNH₄PO₄ · 6H₂O) cements. Passive resorption was measured by incubating the cement samples in a cell culture medium, whereas active resorption was determined during the surface culture of multinuclear osteoclastic cells derived from RAW 264.7 macrophages. Osteoclast formation was confirmed by showing tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity on CDHA, brushite, and monetite surfaces, as well as by measuring calcitonin receptor (CT-R) expression as an osteoclast-specific protein by Western blot analysis for struvite ceramics. An absence of passive degradation and only marginally active degradation of phosphates brushite and monetite, active degradation was predominant with a cumulative Ca²+ release of 2.02 (1.20) μmol during 13 days, whereas passive degradation released only 0.788 (0.04) μmol calcium ions into the medium. The struvite cement was the most degradable with a passive (active) release of 9.26 (2.92) Mg²+ ions and a total weight loss of 4.7% over 13 days of the study. PMID:20673025

  20. Studies of the mechanism by which the mechanical failure of polymethylmethacrylate leads to bone resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horowitz, S M; Doty, S B; Lane, J M; Burstein, A H

    1993-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the mechanical failure of polymethylmethacrylate and bone resorption at the bone-cement interface of a prosthesis. Evaluation of tissue that had been retrieved from the cement-bone interface of eighteen femoral components of total hip prostheses that were loose without associated infection revealed that a critical factor associated with bone resorption was the presence of particles that were small enough (one to twelve micrometers) to be phagocytized by macrophages. To study this phenomenon in vitro, macrophages in tissue culture were exposed to three preparations of polymethylmethacrylate cement. A novel method of cement preparation was used with control for solid and soluble contaminants, which provided a sensitive and specific technique for the determination of which mediators were released from the macrophages. Electron microscopy demonstrated phagocytosis of particles of less than twelve micrometers in size, regardless of the type of cement preparation. Exposure to all three cement preparations resulted in toxicity, as reflected by inhibition of 3H-thymidine incorporation. Exposure also led to increased release of tumor necrosis factor, but none of the three preparations resulted in release of prostaglandin E2. Division of the cement preparations into two groups on the basis of the size of the particles demonstrated that exposure to particles that were small enough to be phagocytized led to inhibition of 3H-thymidine incorporation and release of tumor necrosis factor, while exposure to particles that were too large to be phagocytized did not. Neither exposure to small particles nor exposure to large particles of cement led to release of prostaglandin E2. Our results show that when the mechanical failure of cement produces particles that are small enough to be phagocytized, phagocytosis of the particles results in the increased production of tumor necrosis factor by the macrophages, which may in turn lead to bone resorption and prosthetic loosening. These small particles also decrease 3H-thymidine uptake by the macrophages. PMID:8314821

  1. TRPV4-mediated disruption of the alveolar septal barrier: A novel mechanism of acute lung injury

    OpenAIRE

    Diego F. Alvarez; King, Judy A.; Weber, David; Addison, Emile; Liedtke, Wolfgang; Townsley, Mary I

    2006-01-01

    Acute lung injury disrupts the alveolar septal barrier, leading to patchy alveolar flooding and hypoxemia. While calcium entry into endothelial cells is critical for loss of barrier integrity, the cation channels participating in disruption of this barrier in acute lung injury have not been identified. We hypothesized that activation of the vanilloid transient receptor potential channel TRPV4 disrupts the alveolar septal barrier. Expression of TRPV4 was confirmed via immunohistochemistry in t...

  2. Identification of hydrogen peroxide as a Streptococcus pneumoniae toxin for rat alveolar epithelial cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Duane, P G; Rubins, J B; Weisel, H R; Janoff, E N

    1993-01-01

    Streptococcus pneumoniae infections of the lung are associated with significant damage to the alveolar epithelium. Host phagocytes and pneumolysin, a cytolytic toxin of S. pneumoniae, are believed to contribute to this cellular damage, yet experiments in which these elements are absent demonstrate the presence of an additional soluble S. pneumoniae factor that is toxic to alveolar epithelium. We examined the effects of S. pneumoniae-associated alveolar epithelial cell injury by factors other ...

  3. N-N-dimethylformamide concentration in environmental and alveolar air in an artificial leather factory.

    OpenAIRE

    Brugnone, F; Perbellini, L; Gaffuri, E

    1980-01-01

    N-N-Dimethylformamide was determined every hour during the eight hours of the work shift in the alveolar air of eight workers employed in an artificial leather factory and in the breathing zone of the eight workers. The alveolar ventilation of each worker was measured for 10 minutes during the work shift. Alveolar dimethylformamide concentration (Ca) was correlated with the environmental concentration (Ci) in six of the eight workers. The amount of dimethylformamide retained per litre of vent...

  4. Recombinant Human Factor VIIa for Alveolar Hemorrhage Following Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Elinoff, Jason M; Bagci, Ulas; Moriyama, Brad; Dreiling, Jennifer L.; Foster, Brent; Gormley, Nicole J.; Salit, Rachel B.; Cai, Rongman; SUN, JUNFENG; Beri, Andrea; Reda, Debra J.; Fakhrejahani, Farhad; Battiwalla, Minoo; Baird, Kristin; Cuellar-Rodriguez, Jennifer M.

    2014-01-01

    The mortality rate of alveolar hemorrhage following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is greater than 60% with supportive care and high dose steroids. We performed a retrospective cohort analysis to assess the benefits and risks of rFVIIa as a therapeutic adjunct for alveolar hemorrhage. From 2005 to 2012, 57 episodes of alveolar hemorrhage occurred in 37 patients. Fourteen episodes (in 14 patients) were treated with steroids alone and 43 episodes (in 23 patients) were treate...

  5. Essential Role for Neutrophils but not Alveolar Macrophages at Early Time Points following Aspergillus fumigatus Infection

    OpenAIRE

    Mircescu, Monica M.; Lipuma, Lauren; Van Rooijen, Nico; Pamer, Eric G; Hohl, Tobias M

    2009-01-01

    Alveolar macrophages and neutrophils mediate innate immune defense against the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus and are believed to be essential for host survival following inhalation of fungal spores (conidia). Although alveolar macrophages are postulated to kill inhaled conidia and neutrophils are believed to act against hyphae, the relative contribution of alveolar macrophages and neutrophils to early defense against A. fumigatus remain incompletely defined. To more prec...

  6. Acute Lung Injury Edema Fluid Decreases Net Fluid Transport across Human Alveolar Epithelial Type II Cells*

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jae W.; Fang, Xiaohui; Dolganov, Gregory; Fremont, Richard D; Julie A. Bastarache; Ware, Lorraine B.; Matthay, Michael A.

    2007-01-01

    Most patients with acute lung injury (ALI) have reduced alveolar fluid clearance that has been associated with higher mortality. Several mechanisms may contribute to the decrease in alveolar fluid clearance. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that pulmonary edema fluid from patients with ALI might reduce the expression of ion transport genes responsible for vectorial fluid transport in primary cultures of human alveolar epithelial type II cells. Following exposure to ALI pulmonary edema ...

  7. Claudin-4 augments alveolar epithelial barrier function and is induced in acute lung injury

    OpenAIRE

    Wray, Charlie; Ying MAO; Pan, Jue; Chandrasena, Anita; Piasta, Frank; Frank, James A

    2009-01-01

    Intact alveolar barrier function is associated with better outcomes in acute lung injury patients; however, the regulation of alveolar epithelial paracellular transport during lung injury has not been extensively investigated. This study was undertaken to determine whether changes in tight junction claudin expression affect alveolar epithelial barrier properties and to determine the mechanisms of altered expression. In anesthetized mice exposed to ventilator-induced lung injury, claudin-4 was...

  8. Impact of bone graft harvesting techniques on bone formation and graft resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saulacic, Nikola; Bosshardt, Dieter D; Jensen, Simon S; Miron, Richard J; Gruber, Reinhard; Buser, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Harvesting techniques can affect cellular parameters of autogenous bone grafts in vitro. Whether these differences translate to in vivo bone formation, however, remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of different harvesting techniques on bone...... formation and graft resorption in vivo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four harvesting techniques were used: (i) corticocancellous blocks particulated by a bone mill; (ii) bone scraper; (iii) piezosurgery; and (iv) bone slurry collected from a filter device upon drilling. The grafts were placed into bone defects in...

  9. Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist decreases bone loss and bone resorption in ovariectomized rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Kimble, R B; Vannice, J L; Bloedow, D C; Thompson, R. C.; Hopfer, W; Kung, V T; Brownfield, C; PACIFICI, R.

    1994-01-01

    Interleukin-1 (IL-1), a cytokine produced by bone marrow cells and bone cells, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of postmenopausal osteoporosis because of its potent stimulatory effects on bone resorption in vitro and in vivo. To investigate whether IL-1 plays a direct causal role in post ovariectomy bone loss, 6-mo-old ovariectomized rats were treated with subcutaneous infusions of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), a specific competitor of IL-1, for 4 wk, beginning either at the time ...

  10. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a salt marsh in northern Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    ÇAKIR, Yasemin BEDİRKURUM; Özbucak, Tuğba; Kutbay, Hamdi Güray; KILIÇ, Duygu; Ali BİLGİN; HÜSEYİNOVA, Rena

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate foliar nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics, nitrogen and phosphorus resorption, and some leaf traits (i.e. SLA=specific leaf area) in some coastal salt marsh plants located in northern Turkey. The study area is located on the east bank of the Kızılırmak River in the central Black Sea Region. There were statistically significant differences among months (from June to October) in terms of SLA in all species except for Artemisia santonicum. However, no signif...

  11. Iron resorption and iron stores in piglets after intramuscular injection of 59Fe-iron dextran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iron resorption from intramuscular injection of an iron dextran complex (Fedex) is almost complete in piglets one week after injection. The excess of resorbed iron is stored in liver and spleen. The stored iron is made available for the growing pig since half of the iron recorded on the 14th day after injection is used during the third week. The remaining iron stores might well be enough to cover the needs for the fourth week also, although it is not absolutely necessary for the pigs at this age. (orig.)

  12. Endodontics: Part 9. Calcium hydroxide, root resorption, endo-perio lesions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrotte, P

    2004-12-25

    For more than 70 years calcium hydroxide has played a major role in endodontic therapy, although many of its functions are now being taken over by the recently introduced material MTA. Calcium hydroxide may be used to preserve the vital pulp if infection and bleeding are controlled; to repair root fractures, perforations, open apices and root resorptions. Endo-perio lesions are complex and the correct diagnosis is essential if treatment is to be successful. However, root canal treatment will always be the first phase in treating such lesions. PMID:15608732

  13. External resorption presenting as an intracoronal radiolucent lesion in a pre-eruptive tooth.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNamara, C M

    1997-09-01

    A large intracoronal radiolucent lesion in an unerupted permanent molar was found during the routine assessment of a young male Caucasian prior to orthodontic treatment. The tooth was extracted. Histological examination indicated the lesion was caused by external resorption. The defect extended widely into the enamel and dentine, and was repaired in part by bone. The pulp chamber was not involved. The aetiology of these lesions is often obscure but in this case it appeared to have originated in the floor of two developmental pits on the occlusal surface of the tooth.

  14. A rare case of impacted supernumerary premolar causing resorption of mandibular first molar

    OpenAIRE

    R. V. Murali; Gnanashanmugam, K.; L Rajasekar; Kularashmi, B. S.; B Saravanan

    2015-01-01

    The management of patients with pain in today′s general practice has become a major concern and sometimes this pain is related to some rare causes. A male patient aged 26 years reported with pain in the lower left molar region (36) and then an intra-oral periapical radiograph (IOPA), and orthopantomograph was taken. IOPA revealed the presence of supernumerary premolar causing pressure and root resorption of 36. Also, there was missing 21 and proximal decay in 11. Eleven was treated endodontic...

  15. Reduction of nocturnal rise in bone resorption by subcutaneous GLP-2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Dennis B; Alexandersen, Peter; Byrjalsen, Inger; Hartmann, Bolette; Bone, Henry G; Christiansen, Claus; Holst, Jens Juul

    2004-01-01

    -CTX), a marker of bone resorption. In contrast, GLP-2 was found to have a neutral effect on bone formation, as assessed by serum osteocalcin. Since increased s-CTX levels are normally observed at night, we conducted bedtime studies in healthy postmenopausal women. The objective was to study the effect of...... GLP-2 injection on bone turnover given at bedtime. A total of 81 postmenopausal women were included in two randomised placebo-controlled studies. In conclusion, we found a dose-related reduction of s-CTX after injection of GLP-2 (P < 0.05) and osteocalcin levels was increased as compared to placebo (P...

  16. Invasive Cervical Resorption Class III in a Maxillary Central Incisor: Diagnosis and Follow-up by Means of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Estévez Luaña, Roberto; Aranguren, José; Escorial, Alfonso; Gregorio González, César de; Torre de la Fuente, Francisco de la; Vera, Jorge; Cisneros Cabello, Rafael

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a type of external resorption that begins below the epithelial attachment. The etiology of ICR is mainly caused by trauma or orthodontic treatment. In many cases, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a very useful tool to achieve proper diagnosis. Methods: This case presented with invasive cervical resorption class III (Heithersay) caused by trauma on tooth #9. CBCT was performed allowing observation of the extent of the lesion in the thr...

  17. Sex Determination from Fingerprint Ridge Density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Sudesh Gungadin

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted with an aim to establish a relationship between sex and fingerprint ridge density. The fingerprints were taken from 500 subjects (250 males and 250 females in the age group of 18-60 years. After taking fingerprints, the ridges were counted in the upper portion of the radial border of each print for all ten fingers and mean value was calculated. The results have shown that a finger print ridge of 14 ridges/25 mm2 is more likely of female origin. It has been successful to support the hypothesis that women tend to have a statistically significant greater ridge density than men.

  18. Methodological approach for the evaluation of homologous bone graft use in post-extractive atrophic alveolar ridges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Musante

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to investigate the in vivo efficacy of Puros® cancellous particulate allograft bone in the regeneration of post-extractive sites. Twelve molar or premolar sites were selected. Seven days after minimally invasive tooth extraction, Puros® cancellous particulate allografts were inserted into the elected sites. TC Cone-Beam investigation and at 4 months from surgery; bone height and width were evaluated. Five months after surgery, biopsy samples of the regenerated sites were taken and histologically analyzed to qualitatively evaluate bone regeneration. TC analysis showed, a mean bone gain of 4.1 mm in height and 2.02 mm in width. The histological analysis of the samples showed intense bone metabolic activity with active osteoblasts on the implant surface, at the level of the native bone-graft interface and in the grafted area. The radiographic and histological analyses demonstrate an optimal bonen regeneration, both in terms of quality and quantity using Puros®.

  19. Influence of immobilization stress on the phospholipid composition of alveolar surfactant and lungs in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanev, E; Momchilova-Pankova, A; Markovska, T; Koumanov, K; Kenarov, P; McGuigan, F J; Nicolov, N

    1990-01-01

    The influence of immobilization stress on the lipid composition of alveolar surfactant and lungs in rats immobilized for 12 and 24 hours, the effects of phospholipase A2, and lipid transfer activity in alveolar surfactant were investigated. The results indicate that alveolar surfactant phospholipids underwent more significant alterations compared to lung phospholipids. Furthermore, phospholipase A2 and lipid transfer activity were reduced in alveolar surfactant of immobilized rats. The reported data suggest that the lower lipid transfer activity might be responsible for the reduced phospholipids in the surfactant system. PMID:2314936

  20. The influence of tibial component fixation techniques on resorption of supporting bone stock after total knee replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Desmond Y R; Hansen, Ulrich N; van der Venne, Rene; Verdonschot, Nico; Amis, Andrew A

    2011-03-15

    Periprosthetic bone resorption after tibial prosthesis implantation remains a concern for long-term fixation performance. The fixation techniques may inherently aggravate the "stress-shielding" effect of the implant, leading to weakened bone foundation. In this study, two cemented tibial fixation cases (fully cemented and hybrid cementing with cement applied under the tibial tray leaving the stem uncemented) and three cementless cases relying on bony ingrowth (no, partial and fully ingrown) were modelled using the finite element method with a strain-adaptive remodelling theory incorporated to predict the change in the bone apparent density after prosthesis implantation. When the models were loaded with physiological knee joint loads, the predicted patterns of bone resorption correlated well with reported densitometry results. The modelling results showed that the firm anchorage fixation formed between the prosthesis and the bone for the fully cemented and fully ingrown cases greatly increased the amount of proximal bone resorption. Bone resorption in tibial fixations with a less secure anchorage (hybrid cementing, partial and no ingrowth) occurred at almost half the rate of the changes around the fixations with a firm anchorage. The results suggested that the hybrid cementing fixation or the cementless fixation with partial bony ingrowth (into the porous-coated prosthesis surface) is preferred for preserving proximal tibial bone stock, which should help to maintain post-operative fixation stability. Specifically, the hybrid cementing fixation induced the least amount of bone resorption. PMID:21236431