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Sample records for alveolar ridge resorption

  1. Effects of smoking on resorption of the residual alveolar ridges in complete denture wearers

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    Markovi? Dubravka

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Based on literature data it is obvious that there is a connection between smoking and periodontal diseases. Alveolar bone loss increases with smoking. Tobacco smoking affects the proportion of subgingival bacterial flora by influencing oxidoreduction potential of dental plaque and thus making conditions for development of anaerobic bacteria. According to some researchers, smoking affects the mineral component of bone tissue. Orthopantomograms show higher level of alveolar bone loss in smokers than in nonsmokers with the same level of oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to establish if smoking affects alveolar bone loss in complete denture wearers. Material and methods Our clinical investigation included 60 patients of both sexes (30 smokers and 30 nonsmokers all complete dentures wearers. All patients met study criteria: jaw relation and smokers who smoke over 20 cigarettes per day. All subjects were interviewed, and after that orthopantomograms were made. They were used to calculate the degree of alveolar bone loss. Results The examined subjects were approximately of the same age. Mean age of smokers was 59.9 and nonsmokers 61.8. It was established that differences regarding resorption in men were not significant. The degree of resorption in women smokers and women nonsmokers was different, but differences were not significant. Discussion It has been proven that the number of cigarettes smoked per day is very important. It is considered that the risk of oral epithelial dysplasia increases when smoking more than 20 cigarettes per day. Considering our results regarding resorption of edentulous alveolar ridge in smokers and nonsmokers, we concluded that there were no significant differences. There are opinions in literature that smoking is not an etiological factor in resorption, but there are some opinions that smoking is connected with the degree of resorption in periodontium. The analyses of resorptive changes in edentulous smokers were done only around implants and it was estimated that smoking has more influence than other clinical risk factors. Conclusion On the bases of our research we may conclude that smoking does not directly affect the degree of resorption of edentulous alveolar ridge with complete denture wearers.

  2. Alveolar ridge resorption after tooth extraction: A consequence of a fundamental principle of bone physiology

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    Stig Hansson

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available It is well established that tooth extraction is followed by a reduction of the buccolingual as well as the apicocoronal dimension of the alveolar ridge. Different measures have been taken to avoid this bone modelling process, such as immediate implant placement and bone grafting, but in most cases with disappointing results. One fundamental principle of bone physiology is the adaptation of bone mass and bone structure to the levels and frequencies of strain. In the present article, it is shown that the reduction of the alveolar ridge dimensions after tooth extraction is a natural consequence of this physiological principle.

  3. Degree of the residual alveolar ridge resorption registrated by ortopantomograms among immediate and classic complete denture users

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    Markovi? Dubravka

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Degree of residual ridge loss is influenced by sistemic phactors, but during the first phase after extraction local phactors are dominant. Patohistological changes of alveolar processus of jaws show the possibility of negative influence of complete dentures on support tissue. In this study, on the chosen sample, the degree of alveolar ridge loss was measured in the group of immediate complete denture users (30 patients and classical complete denture users ( 30 patients.Height of residual alveolar ridge was measured on ortopantomograms. Localization of referent points proportion was used because of neutralization of shadow distorsion (five in maxilla and five in mandibula. The first ortopantomogram was made at the time of delivering dentures, and the second one six months later. The final measurement of alveolar ridge height is bigger in the group with classical dentures. The reduction degree of residual alveolar ridge is bigger in the group of immediate complete denture users in the first six months.

  4. Gelatin powders accelerate the resorption of calcium phosphate cement and improve healing in the alveolar ridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, Goichi; Sugita, Yoshihiko; Kubo, Katsutoshi; Yoshida, Waka; Ikada, Yoshito; Sobajima, Satoshi; Neo, Masashi; Maeda, Hatsuhiko; Kinoshita, Yukihiko

    2014-05-01

    The aim of this study was to show the effectiveness of combining calcium phosphate cement and gelatin powders to promote bone regeneration in the canine mandible. We mixed gelatin powders with calcium phosphate cement to create a macroporous composite. In four beagle dogs, two saddle-type bone defects were created on each side of the mandible, and calcium phosphate cement alone or calcium phosphate cement containing composite gelatin powders was implanted in each of the defects. After a healing period of six months, mandibles were removed for µCT and histological analyses. The µCT and histological analyses showed that at experimental sites at which calcium phosphate cement alone had been placed new bone had formed only around the periphery of the residual calcium phosphate cement and that there had been little or no ingrowth into the calcium phosphate cement. On the other hand, at experimental sites at which calcium phosphate cement containing composite gelatin powders had been placed, we observed regenerated new bone in the interior of the residual calcium phosphate cement as well as around its periphery. The amount of resorption of calcium phosphate cement and bone regeneration depended on the mixing ratio of gelatin powders to calcium phosphate cement. New bone replacement was significantly better in the sites treated with calcium phosphate cement containing composite gelatin powders than in those treated with calcium phosphate cement alone. PMID:24105428

  5. The role of synthetic biomaterials in resorptive alveolar bone regeneration

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    Kali?anin Biljana M.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The alveolar bone tissue resorption defect has a significant role in dentistry. Because of the bone tissue deficit developed by alveolar resorption, the use of synthetic material CP/PLGA (calcium-phosphate/polylactide-co-gliycolide composite was introduced. Investigations were performed on rats with artificially produced resorption of the mandibular bone. The results show that the best effect on alveolar bone were attained by using nano-composite implants. The effect of the nanocomposite was ascertained by determining the calcium and phosphate content, as a basis of the hydroxyapatite structure. The results show that synthetic CP/PLGA nanocomposite alleviate the rehabilitation of weakened alveolar bone. Due to its osteoconductive effect, CP/PLGA can be the material of choice for bone substitution in the future.

  6. An automatic early stage alveolar-bone-resorption evaluation method on digital dental panoramic radiographs

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    Zhang, Min; Katsumata, Akitoshi; Muramatsu, Chisako; Hara, Takeshi; Suzuki, Hiroki; Fujita, Hiroshi

    2014-03-01

    Periodontal disease is a kind of typical dental diseases, which affects many adults. The presence of alveolar bone resorption, which can be observed from dental panoramic radiographs, is one of the most important signs of the progression of periodontal disease. Automatically evaluating alveolar-bone resorption is of important clinic meaning in dental radiology. The purpose of this study was to propose a novel system for automated alveolar-bone-resorption evaluation from digital dental panoramic radiographs for the first time. The proposed system enables visualization and quantitative evaluation of alveolar bone resorption degree surrounding the teeth. It has the following procedures: (1) pre-processing for a test image; (2) detection of tooth root apices with Gabor filter and curve fitting for the root apex line; (3) detection of features related with alveolar bone by using image phase congruency map and template matching and curving fitting for the alveolar line; (4) detection of occlusion line with selected Gabor filter; (5) finally, evaluation of the quantitative alveolar-bone-resorption degree in the area surrounding teeth by simply computing the average ratio of the height of the alveolar bone and the height of the teeth. The proposed scheme was applied to 30 patient cases of digital panoramic radiographs, with alveolar bone resorption of different stages. Our initial trial on these test cases indicates that the quantitative evaluation results are correlated with the alveolar-boneresorption degree, although the performance still needs further improvement. Therefore it has potential clinical practicability.

  7. Automated method for measuring alveolar bone resorption by three-dimensional image processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes a method for estimating regions of alveolar bone resorption and automatically measuring resorption depth using dental 3-D CT images by applying 3-D image processing techniques. The depth of alveolar bone resorption is an important index of the severity of periodontitis. Conventional methods for evaluating alveolar bone resorption have suffered from the limitations of not permitting inspection on the interproximal sides and not providing a 3-D description of resorption. In our proposed method, dental 3-D X-ray CT images are used to estimate the region of resorption and to automatically measure the resorption depth around the tooth of interest. Detailed information concerning the distribution of resorption can be obtained using this method. Regions of resorption are estimated using morphological operations and labeling. Limits are established by fitting convex hulls to the region of the target tooth before searching for the lowest points of resorption. The resorption depth is calculated as the distance between the cement-enamel junction and the lowest point of resorption. The experimental results and comparison of these results against measurements obtained by experts using cross-sectional CT images and the findings of clinical examination showed that the proposed method can be used to measure the resorption depth around the entire tooth automatically. (author)

  8. Alveolar Ridge Carcinoma. Two Cases Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two cases with alveolar ridge carcinoma due to prosthetist traumatism are discussed in this paper, after 9 and 10 years of using dental prosthesis. Both patients began with disturbance in the alveolar ridge. The clinical examination and biopsy showed a well differenced carcinoma. The treatment was radical surgery and radiotherapy in the first patient, and conservative surgery with radiotherapy in the second case .The patients had xerostomia after radiotherapy and the woman had difficulties with mastication. The advantages and disadvantages of the treatment were discussed, focused on the prevention and treatment for oral

  9. Distracción osteogénica alveolar como método de aumento del reborde alveolar / Alveolar osteogenic distraction as method to increase the alveolar ridge

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Denia, Morales Navarro.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La distracción osteogénica alveolar, como proceso biológico de neoformación de hueso alveolar, nos motivó a la realización de la presente revisión bibliográfica, con el objetivo enfatizar en el análisis de las variables: antecedentes históricos en Cuba, clasificación de los distractores, fases de la [...] distracción (latencia, distracción y consolidación), indicaciones, contraindicaciones, ventajas, desventajas y complicaciones. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica mediante la consulta de bases de datos de los sistemas referativos, como MEDLINE y PubMed con la utilización de descriptores "alveolar distraction" y "osteogenic distraction". Se consultaron las fuentes bibliográficas publicadas fundamentalmente en los últimos 5 años, lo que reveló que esta técnica es una excelente alternativa para la formación de huesos y tejidos blandos en zonas de atrofia alveolar, que consta de tres etapas: latencia, distracción y consolidación; un método previsible y con bajas tasas de reabsorción ósea en comparación con otras técnicas de aumento del reborde alveolar. Tiene su principal indicación en la terapia de implantes al proveer volumen óseo. Debemos individualizar cada caso y usar el método más adecuado según las características clínicas y personales del paciente. Una adecuada selección de los casos y una mejor comprensión de la técnica son los puntales para lograr exitosos resultados mediante la distracción osteogénica alveolar. En Cuba se ha aplicado poco la distracción alveolar, por lo que ha sido necesario ampliar los estudios sobre esta temática. Abstract in english The alveolar osteogenic distraction, as a biological process of alveolar bone neoformation, motivates us to make the bibliographic review whose objective was to emphasize in analysis the following variables: historical backgrounds in Cuba, distraction classification, distraction phases (latency, dis [...] traction and consolidation), indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages and complications. A bibliographic review was made by database search of reference systems as MEDLINE and PubliMed using the descriptors "alveolar distraction" o "osteogenic distraction". The published bibliographic sources mainly over 5 years concluding that this technique is an excellent alternative for the bone and soft tissues formation in zones of alveolar atrophy including three stages: latency, distraction and consolidation; being a foreseeable method and with low rates of bone reabsorption compared to other techniques of increase of alveolar ridge. It has its main indication in implant therapy to provide bone volume. We must to individualize each case and to use the more appropriate method according the clinical and personal features of patient. A proper case selection and a better understand of technique are essential to achieve successful results by alveolar osteogenic distraction. In Cuba the alveolar distraction has been not much applied being necessary to expand the studies on this subject matter.

  10. Distracción osteogénica alveolar como método de aumento del reborde alveolar Alveolar osteogenic distraction as method to increase the alveolar ridge

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    Denia Morales Navarro

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La distracción osteogénica alveolar, como proceso biológico de neoformación de hueso alveolar, nos motivó a la realización de la presente revisión bibliográfica, con el objetivo enfatizar en el análisis de las variables: antecedentes históricos en Cuba, clasificación de los distractores, fases de la distracción (latencia, distracción y consolidación, indicaciones, contraindicaciones, ventajas, desventajas y complicaciones. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica mediante la consulta de bases de datos de los sistemas referativos, como MEDLINE y PubMed con la utilización de descriptores "alveolar distraction" y "osteogenic distraction". Se consultaron las fuentes bibliográficas publicadas fundamentalmente en los últimos 5 años, lo que reveló que esta técnica es una excelente alternativa para la formación de huesos y tejidos blandos en zonas de atrofia alveolar, que consta de tres etapas: latencia, distracción y consolidación; un método previsible y con bajas tasas de reabsorción ósea en comparación con otras técnicas de aumento del reborde alveolar. Tiene su principal indicación en la terapia de implantes al proveer volumen óseo. Debemos individualizar cada caso y usar el método más adecuado según las características clínicas y personales del paciente. Una adecuada selección de los casos y una mejor comprensión de la técnica son los puntales para lograr exitosos resultados mediante la distracción osteogénica alveolar. En Cuba se ha aplicado poco la distracción alveolar, por lo que ha sido necesario ampliar los estudios sobre esta temática.The alveolar osteogenic distraction, as a biological process of alveolar bone neoformation, motivates us to make the bibliographic review whose objective was to emphasize in analysis the following variables: historical backgrounds in Cuba, distraction classification, distraction phases (latency, distraction and consolidation, indications, contraindications, advantages, disadvantages and complications. A bibliographic review was made by database search of reference systems as MEDLINE and PubliMed using the descriptors "alveolar distraction" o "osteogenic distraction". The published bibliographic sources mainly over 5 years concluding that this technique is an excellent alternative for the bone and soft tissues formation in zones of alveolar atrophy including three stages: latency, distraction and consolidation; being a foreseeable method and with low rates of bone reabsorption compared to other techniques of increase of alveolar ridge. It has its main indication in implant therapy to provide bone volume. We must to individualize each case and to use the more appropriate method according the clinical and personal features of patient. A proper case selection and a better understand of technique are essential to achieve successful results by alveolar osteogenic distraction. In Cuba the alveolar distraction has been not much applied being necessary to expand the studies on this subject matter.

  11. Management of Compromised Vertical Alveolar Ridge using Distraction Osteogenesis

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    Wg Cdr Parul Sharma

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Deficient alveolar ridge is an often encountered problem which causes problem in providing prosthesis to patients. Acquired alveolar deficiencies are the result of tooth loss and associated periodontal disease, trauma or other pathology. This case report describes vertical mandibular alveolar ridge distraction achieved using Liebenger endosseous alveolar distractor device in a patient who had vertical ridge defect due to localized aggressive periodontitis leading to tooth loss. Total 5.6mm vertical distraction in mandibular alveolar ridge was achieved at 0.8mm per day in eight days. The advantage of this technique is that there is no need for bone harvesting hence it is not associated with donor site morbidity. Moreover gain of both soft tissue along with hard tissue is achieved.

  12. Improving prosthetic prognosis by connective tissue ridge augmentation of alveolar ridge

    OpenAIRE

    Mishra Niraj; Singh Balendra; Rao Jitendra; Rastogi Pavitra

    2010-01-01

    The contour of edentulous ridge should be carefully evaluated before a fixed partial denture is undertaken. The ideal ridge height and width allows placement of a natural looking pontic which facilitates maintenance of plaque-free environment. The localized alveolar ridge defect refers to the volumetric deficit of the limited extent of bone and soft tissue within the alveolar process. Such type of ridge defects can be corrected by surgical ridge augmentation that can be accomplished by the ad...

  13. Quantification and visualization of alveolar bone resorption from 3D dental CT images

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    Nagao, Jiro; Mori, Kensaku; Kitasaka, Takayuki; Suenaga, Yasuhito [Nagoya University, Graduate School of Information Science, Nagoya (Japan); Yamada, Shohzoh; Naitoh, Munetaka [Aichi-Gakuin University, School of Dentistry, Nagoya (Japan)

    2007-06-15

    Purpose A computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for quantifying and visualizing alveolar bone resorption caused by periodontitis was developed based on three-dimensional (3D) image processing of dental CT images. Methods The proposed system enables visualization and quantification of resorption of alveolar bone surrounding and between the roots of teeth. It has the following functions: (1) vertical measurement of the depth of resorption surrounding the tooth in 3D images, avoiding physical obstruction; (2) quantification of the amount of resorption in the furcation area; and (3) visualization of quantification results by pseudo-color maps, graphs, and motion pictures. The resorption measurement accuracy in the area surrounding teeth was evaluated by comparing with dentist's recognition on five real patient CT images, giving average absolute difference of 0.87 mm. An artificial image with mathematical truth was also used for measurement evaluation. Results The average absolute difference was 0.36 and 0.10 mm for surrounding and furcation areas, respectively. The system provides an intuitive presentation of the measurement results. Conclusion Computer aided diagnosis of 3D dental CT scans is feasible and the technique is a promising new tool for the quantitative evaluation of periodontal bone loss. (orig.)

  14. Quantification and visualization of alveolar bone resorption from 3D dental CT images

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose A computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system for quantifying and visualizing alveolar bone resorption caused by periodontitis was developed based on three-dimensional (3D) image processing of dental CT images. Methods The proposed system enables visualization and quantification of resorption of alveolar bone surrounding and between the roots of teeth. It has the following functions: (1) vertical measurement of the depth of resorption surrounding the tooth in 3D images, avoiding physical obstruction; (2) quantification of the amount of resorption in the furcation area; and (3) visualization of quantification results by pseudo-color maps, graphs, and motion pictures. The resorption measurement accuracy in the area surrounding teeth was evaluated by comparing with dentist's recognition on five real patient CT images, giving average absolute difference of 0.87 mm. An artificial image with mathematical truth was also used for measurement evaluation. Results The average absolute difference was 0.36 and 0.10 mm for surrounding and furcation areas, respectively. The system provides an intuitive presentation of the measurement results. Conclusion Computer aided diagnosis of 3D dental CT scans is feasible and the technique is a promising new tool for the quantitative evaluation of periodontal bone loss. (orig.)

  15. Reactive dentures: a novel approach to decrease residual ridge resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, Kesava K; Prasanna, Renuka G S; Sundaresh, K J; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    The need for reduction of traumatic forces transmitted through the prosthesis has long been recognised and studies have shown that either a soft acrylic resin/silicone rubber can serve as a stress distributor and absorb some of the forces applied to the teeth. These dentures permit reaction to impacting forces which allows independent movement of one or more teeth in function unlike the conventional dentures. A completely edentulous patient with adequate inter-ridge distance was selected for the case, the dentures with soft liner placed between the patient's teeth and denture base were fabricated. This report presents a completely new technique to reduce the ridge resorption and facilitate patient comfort. PMID:23576651

  16. Alveolar ridge augmentation by osteoinductive materials in goats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Haanaes, H R

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to determine whether alveolar ridge augmentation could be induced in goats. In 12 male goats allogenic, demineralized, and lyophilized dentin or bone was implanted subperiosteally on the buccal sides of the natural edentulous regions of the alveolar process of the mandible. Light microscopic evaluation revealed fibrous encapsulation, a few multinuclear giant cells, little inflammatory reaction, and no osteoinduction. It was concluded that no osteoinduction took place in goats.

  17. Effects of Hydroxyapatite on Bone Graft Resorption in an Experimental Model of Maxillary Alveolar Arch Defects

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    Ozgur Pilanci

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Most commonly used treatments use autologous bone grafts to address bony defects in patients with cleft palate. Major disadvantages of autogenous bone grafts include donor site morbidity and resorption. Suggestions to overcome such problems include biomaterials that can be used alone or in combination with bone. We examined the effect of hydroxyapatite cement on bone graft resorption in a rabbit maxillary alveolar defect model. We divided 16 young adult albino New Zealand rabbits into two groups. A defect 1 cm wide was created in each rabbit's maxillary arch. In Group 1, the removed bone was disrupted, and the pieces were replaced in the defect. In the other group, the pieces were replaced after mixing (1:1 with hydroxyapatite cement. Quantitative computed tomographic evaluation of these grafts was performed in axial and coronal planes for each rabbit at 2 and 12 weeks. In axial images at 12 weeks, the group without cement showed mean bone resorption of 15%. In the cement group, a mean volumetric increase of 68% was seen. No resorption occurred when bone grafts were mixed with hydroxyapatite cement. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2013; 2(3.000: 170-175

  18. A radiographic study on the prevalence of knife-edge residual alveolar ridge at proposed dental implant sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dental implants are widely used in restoration of completely or partially edentulous dental arches. Before placement of endosseous implants in the jaws, both the quantity and quality of the residual ridge must be assessed radiographically. Remodeling activity after tooth extraction is localized primarily at the crestal area of the residual ridges, resulting in reduction of the height of bone and creation of various three-dimensional shapes of the residual ridges. When bone resorption at the lingual and buccal aspects is greater than that at the crestal area, a knife-edge type of residual ridge develops. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the knife-edge morphology of the residual alveolar bone at proposed implant sites in partially or completely edentulous patients. Computed tomography (CT) cross-sectional images of the upper and lower jaws were assessed at the proposed sites before implant placement. Images of 258 proposed implant sites belonging to 30 patients were assessed radiographically. In 120 proposed implant sites out of 258 (46.5%), the residual alveolar ridge had a knife-edge configuration, the majority belonging to completely edentulous patients who lost their teeth more than ten years previously. High prevalence of knife-edge ridge was found, therefore, replacement of missing teeth by immediate implant is recommended to prevent atrophy or knife-edge morphology of the residual ridge. (author)

  19. ¿Preservación del reborde alveolar? Toma de decisión ante la colocación de implantes dentales / Alveolar ridge preservation?: Decision making for dental implant placement

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vanessa Louise, Ford-Martinelli; Gianna, Hanly; Juliana, Valenzuela; Lina Marcela, Herrera-Orozco; Sebastian, Muñoz-Zapata.

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available La reabsorción ósea es una consecuencia fisiológica de la pérdida dental que puede convertirse en un riesgo funcional y estético significativo para la colocación de implantes dentales. Los cambios dimensionales del reborde alveolar pueden ser manejados con diferentes materiales de injerto y procedim [...] ientos quirúrgicos reportados en la literatura. El propósito de esta revisión es presentar las indicaciones y técnicas actuales utilizadas para ayudar a prevenir, en lo posible, la reabsorción del reborde residual asegurando el éxito de la rehabilitación sobre implantes. Abstract in english Bone resorption is a physiological consequence of tooth loss that could be a significant functional and an esthetic risk for dental implants. The dimensional changes of the alveolar ridge could be managed with different graft materials and surgical techniques that have been reported in the scientifi [...] c literature. The purpose of this review is to explore the indications and present actual techniques to help prevent residual ridge resorption, as much as possible, guaranteeing the success of Prosthodontic rehabilitation with implants.

  20. Systemic Osteoporosis and Reduction of the Edentulous Alveolar Ridge

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    Sr?an D. Pošti?

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Systemic osteoporosis can damage skeletal bones to different degrees or remain persistent in intensity. The aim of this study was to determine the intensity and correlation of the osteoporotic changes in the bone density of the skeleton and body mass index (BMI with a reduction in edentulous mandibles. Material and Methods: In this study, 89 edentulous patients with decreased bone density comprised the experimental group, and 43 edentulous patients with normal bone densities formed the control. The age of the patients ranged between 53 and 73 years. Radiographs of the hands and panoramic radiographs were done for all the patients. The values of BMI, metacarpal index , density of lumbar spine (L2-L4, in the phalanx and segments of the mandibles as well as the heights of the edentulous alveolar ridges were measured, assessed and calculated.Results: The lowest value of the total skeletal density was established in the osteoporotic patients on the basis of the average T-score of -2.5 in men, and - 2.6 in women. Minimum values of the heights of the edentulous ridges (right/left, in mm were measured in both osteoporotic female (21.84/22.39 and male (24.90/24.96 patients. By comparison of the densities of the metacarpal bones, proximal phalanx, segments of the edentulous mandibles and based on the numerical values of the heights of the edentulous ridges, ?²=3.81 was found in men and ?²=4.03 was found in women with normal bone densities; ?²=5.92 was found in men and ?²=6.25 was found in women with osteopenia; ?²=2.63 was found in men and ?²=3.85 was found in women with osteoporosis, on the P level of probability of 0.05. Conclusion: Systemic osteoporosis causes a decrease of the jawbone density and induces residual edentulous alveolar ridge reduction.

  1. Aumento del reborde alveolar residual mediante técnica de rollo / Increase of residual alveolar ridge using roll technique

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Miguel Ángel, Simancas Pallares; Alejandra del Carmen, Herrera Herrera; Luisa Leonor, Arévalo Tovar; Antonio José, Díaz Caballero; Farith Damián, González Martínez.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La pérdida dentaria, asociada a factores sistémicos, patológicos y traumáticos, promueve el proceso de reabsorción ósea de los rebordes residuales y genera problemas funcionales, como la falta de estabilidad y retención de las prótesis dentarias removibles, y disturbios estéticos y psicológicos. Est [...] os defectos varían en dependencia de la cantidad de pérdida ósea y de tejidos blandos que hayan alcanzado. En la actualidad son descritas diversas técnicas que permiten corregir estos defectos. Una de ellas es la técnica del rollo, la cual demuestra muy buenos resultados al aumentar el tamaño del reborde alveolar y disminuir los defectos estéticos que causa sobre todo en el sector anterior. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir el caso clínico de un paciente con pérdida ósea en el sector anterior, tipo III según Seibert, rehabilitado con prótesis parcial fija y sometido a un procedimiento quirúrgico con la técnica del rollo. Se alcanzaron los objetivos planteados y proporciona una mejoría estética así como una mejora en su calidad de vida. Se demostró que con esta técnica se obtienen resultados predecibles que devuelven la estética en zonas de alta exigencia por parte de los pacientes. Abstract in english Tooth loss associated with systemic factors, pathological and traumatic conditions, promotes the bone resorption of residual ridges, this, creates functional problems such as lack of stability and retention of removable dentures as well as aesthetic and psychological disturbances. These defects vary [...] depending on the amount of bone loss and soft tissue they reach. At present there are described various techniques that can correct these defects. One of these is the roll technique which shows very good results by increasing the size of the alveolar ridge and decrease aesthetic defects in the anterior area of the maxilla. The aim of this article is to describe a case of a patient with Seibert bone loss type III, rehabilitated with fixed partial denture after undergoing a surgical procedure with the roll technique achieving the stated objectives and providing aesthetic improvement to the patient and an improvement in their quality of life. It is shown that the technique can be achieved with predictable results that return aesthetics in areas of high demand from patients.

  2. Aumento del reborde alveolar residual mediante técnica de rollo Increase of residual alveolar ridge using roll technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Simancas Pallares

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available La pérdida dentaria, asociada a factores sistémicos, patológicos y traumáticos, promueve el proceso de reabsorción ósea de los rebordes residuales y genera problemas funcionales, como la falta de estabilidad y retención de las prótesis dentarias removibles, y disturbios estéticos y psicológicos. Estos defectos varían en dependencia de la cantidad de pérdida ósea y de tejidos blandos que hayan alcanzado. En la actualidad son descritas diversas técnicas que permiten corregir estos defectos. Una de ellas es la técnica del rollo, la cual demuestra muy buenos resultados al aumentar el tamaño del reborde alveolar y disminuir los defectos estéticos que causa sobre todo en el sector anterior. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir el caso clínico de un paciente con pérdida ósea en el sector anterior, tipo III según Seibert, rehabilitado con prótesis parcial fija y sometido a un procedimiento quirúrgico con la técnica del rollo. Se alcanzaron los objetivos planteados y proporciona una mejoría estética así como una mejora en su calidad de vida. Se demostró que con esta técnica se obtienen resultados predecibles que devuelven la estética en zonas de alta exigencia por parte de los pacientes.Tooth loss associated with systemic factors, pathological and traumatic conditions, promotes the bone resorption of residual ridges, this, creates functional problems such as lack of stability and retention of removable dentures as well as aesthetic and psychological disturbances. These defects vary depending on the amount of bone loss and soft tissue they reach. At present there are described various techniques that can correct these defects. One of these is the roll technique which shows very good results by increasing the size of the alveolar ridge and decrease aesthetic defects in the anterior area of the maxilla. The aim of this article is to describe a case of a patient with Seibert bone loss type III, rehabilitated with fixed partial denture after undergoing a surgical procedure with the roll technique achieving the stated objectives and providing aesthetic improvement to the patient and an improvement in their quality of life. It is shown that the technique can be achieved with predictable results that return aesthetics in areas of high demand from patients.

  3. Comparison of ridge expansion and ridge splitting techniques for narrow alveolar ridge in a Swine cadaver model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Daniel W K; Fiorellini, Joseph P

    2015-01-01

    Ridge splitting and ridge expansion have been used to expand narrow alveolar ridges. Piezosurgical ridge splitting involves separating the atrophic crests with piezosurgical inserts. Ridge expansion with motor-driven expanders was proposed to achieve the cortical dilation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ridge gain by ridge expansion or ridge splitting. Eighteen (36 ramus) swine cadaver jaws were first divided into two groups- ridge expansion with a motor-driven expander or ridge splitting with the piezosurgical system. Then, either an active-tapping implant or nonactivetapping cylinder-type implant was inserted. The crestal ridge diameter change was measured with a Boley gauge. The area of bony perforation, which includes fenestrations and dehiscences, was measured with a prefabricated reference grid. The results showed that there was no statistically significant difference in crestal width gain between groups. However, the combination of the motor-driven ridge expansion technique and the active-tapping implant could be beneficial in significantly decreasing the bony perforation area. PMID:25909532

  4. A preliminary study of local administration of dexamethasone after tooth extraction: Better preservation of residual alveolar ridge?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pošti? Sr?an D.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. It is important that the height of the edentulous alveolar ridge after tooth extraction remains at a reasonable acceptable level for as long as possible. The aim of this study was to report preliminary results of the clinical effect of local oral submucous administration of dexamethasone after tooth extractions in order to prepare alveolar supporting tissues for acceptance of removable dentures. Methods. In a total of 15 patients (11 partially and 4 completely edentulous the quantity of 0.25 mL to 0.5 mL of dexamethasone was injected bucally and orally in the region of the tooth socket after complicated extractions. Results. Healing of extraction wounds was uneventful in all the patients, without pain or local inflammation. Conclusion. Dexamethasone can be locally applied to oral tissues to prevent post-extraction inflammation and extensive resorption of the residual alveolar ridge. The obtained results are promising for patients undergoing classic prosthodontic rehabilitation soon after tooth extraction, demonstrating that there are no adverse effects after local oral corticosteroids administration. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175021

  5. Analysis of correlation between initial alveolar bone density and apical root resorption after 12 months of orthodontic treatment without extraction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paula Cabrini, Scheibel; Adilson Luiz, Ramos; Lilian Cristina Vessoni, Iwaki; Kelly Regina, Micheletti.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a correlação entre a densidade óssea alveolar inicial dos incisivos centrais superiores (DOA-IS) e a reabsorção radicular apical externa (RRAE) após 12 meses de movimentação ortodôntica em casos sem extração. MÉTODOS: quarenta e sete pacientes ortodônticos (maiores que 11 ano [...] s) foram submetidos ao exame periapical dos incisivos superiores no pré-tratamento (T1) e 12 meses após (T2). Mensurou-se a RRAE no intervalo de 12 meses, bem como a densidade óssea alveolar inicial da região apical desses dentes por meio da fotodensitometria. RESULTADOS: não houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre a DOA-IS inicial e a RRAE em T2 (r = 0,149; p = 0,157). CONCLUSÃO: a densidade alveolar avaliada pela radiografia periapical não se apresentou como fator de interferência ou preditivo para reabsorção radicular após 12 meses de tratamento ortodôntico sem extração. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between initial alveolar bone density of upper central incisors (ABD-UI) and external apical root resorption (EARR) after 12 months of orthodontic movement in cases without extraction. METHODS: A total of 47 orthodontic [...] patients 11 years old or older were submitted to periapical radiography of upper incisors prior to treatment (T1) and after 12 months of treatment (T2). ABD-UI and EARR were measured by means of densitometry. RESULTS: No statistically significant correlation was found between initial ABD-UI and EARR at T2 (r = 0.149; p = 0.157). CONCLUSION: Based on the present findings, alveolar density assessed through periapical radiography is not predictive of root resorption after 12 months of orthodontic treatment in cases without extraction.

  6. Distracción osteogénica del reborde alveolar: revisión de la literatura / Distraction osteogenesis of the alveolar ridge: a review of the literature

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Nikola, Saulacic; Pilar, Gándara Vila; Manuel, Somoza Martín; Abel, García García.

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los principales problemas para la colocación de implantes dentales es la presencia de hueso insuficiente que impide que sean de una longitud y/o de un diámetro adecuados. Dentro de los métodos que se usan para el aumento del reborde alveolar se incluye tan solo desde hace una década la aplica [...] ción de los principios de distracción osteogénica (DO). Esta técnica se basa en la separación gradual de dos fragmentos de hueso perfectamente vascularizados, entre los que se forma un callo de distracción que progresivamente se transforma en hueso maduro. Un científico clave en el desarrollo de esta técnica fue el traumatólogo ruso Ilizarov. Esta revisión bibliográfica evalúa la metodología, el funcionamiento y las posibles aplicaciones de DO en el tratamiento de los defectos del reborde alveolar. Por sus cualidades demostradas, la DO podría sustituir el uso de injertos y regeneración ósea guiada para favorecer las relaciones esqueléticas de los rebordes alveolares. Abstract in english One of the principal problems in dental implantation is the lack of sufficient bone height or width. In the case of the alveolar ridge, a very effective technique for resolving this problem is distraction osteogenesis, introduced in this context about a decade ago. This technique is based on the gra [...] dual separation of a mobile but fully vascularized bone segment from the basal bone, leading to the formation of an intervening soft callus which gradually transforms to mature bone. A key researcher in the development of this technique was the Russian traumatologist Ilizarov. The present article reviews alveolar ridge distraction procedures and their clinical application. Alveolar ridge distraction may often be preferable to bone grafting or guided bone regeneration for increasing ridge height and width prior to implantation.

  7. Horizontal ridge augmentation using a combination approach

    OpenAIRE

    Rachana, C.; Sridhar, N.; Rangan, Anand V.; Rajani, V.

    2012-01-01

    Resorption of alveolar bone - a common sequel of tooth loss jeopardizes the functional and esthetic outcome of treatment, especially in the maxillary anterior areas. Therefore, augmentation of deficient alveolar ridges is an important aspect of dental implant therapy. A case of severe maxillary ridge deficiency successfully treated with horizontal ridge augmentation to facilitate implant placement is described. Ridge augmentation was achieved using a combination of autogenous block graft, par...

  8. Alveolar Ridge and Maxillary Sinus Augmentation Using rhBMP-2 : A Systematic Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Freitas, Rubens Moreno; Spin-Neto, Rubens

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate clinical and safety data for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) carrier when used for alveolar ridge/maxillary sinus augmentation in humans.

  9. Hyptis pectinata gel prevents alveolar bone resorption in experimental periodontitis in rats

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mônica S., Paixão; Mônica S., Melo; Nicole P., Damascena; Adriano A.S., Araújo; Andrea F., Soares; Denise V.A., Oliveira; Jeison S., Oliveira; Fabrício T.C., Almeida; Francilene S., Amaral; Brancilene S., Araújo; Charles S., Estevam; Marco A., Botelho; Lucindo J., Quintans-Júnior.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Hyptis pectinata (L.) Poit., Lamiaceae, is an aromatic, abundant and broadly used plant species in Sergipe to treat oral and gastrointestinal pain and inflammation. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relation between periodontitis and changes in the corporal mass and alveolar bone stru [...] cture after induction of experimental periodontal disease in rat treated or not treated with H. pectinata gel at 5% (GS5%) and 10% (GS10%), comparing their effects with doxycycline gel at 10% (D10%, positive control), vehicle gel (negative control) and a group with experimental periodontal disease, but non-treated. The gels were locally applied in the gingival region immediately after the experimental periodontal disease induction by ligature (3×/day, 11 days). Bone destruction was determined through clinical exam, histopathological analysis and cone beam computed tomography of the experimental animals (n = 36). After 11 days of periodontitis induction, all groups that received ligature presented a decrease in the corporal mass, except to the naïve group (without experimental periodontal disease) (p

  10. Role of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Rehabilitation of a Traumatised Deficient Maxillary Alveolar Ridge Using Symphyseal Block Graft Placement

    OpenAIRE

    Shipra Arora; Arundeep Kaur Lamba; Farrukh Faraz; Shruti Tandon; Abdul Ahad

    2013-01-01

    Deficiencies in the alveolar ridges cause multiple problems in achieving aesthetic and functional outcome of implant therapy and are commonly restored by using onlay graft from intraoral source. Careful assessment of the recipient as well as the donor site using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a prerequisite to ideal treatment planning. This paper highlights the critical role of CBCT in planning a successful rehabilitation of traumatised deficient anterior maxillary alveolar ridge usi...

  11. Distracción osteogénica alveolar: una alternativa en la reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos: Descripción de 10 casos / Alveolar distraction osteogenesis: an alternative in the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges: Report of 10 cases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    P.E., Maurette O’Brien; M.E., Allais de Maurette; R., Mazzonetto.

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available La distracción osteogénica alveolar (DOA) es un método alternativo para la reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos que ofrece un resultado previsible y que disminuye los tiempo de espera entre la reconstrucción del reborde alveolar atrófico y la colocación de los implantes óseo-integrados, e [...] n comparación con los métodos tradicionalmente utilizados. Fueron atendidos 10 pacientes que presentaban deficiencia de reborde alveolar mandibular y/o maxilar por medio de distracción osteogénica, utilizando un dispositivo yuxtaoseo (Conexión Implant System® - SP-Brasil). Todos los pacientes fueron atendidos de forma ambulatoria, bajo anestesia local y sedación conciente, comenzando la activación del dispositivo a los 7 días posteriores a la instalación, con un patrón de activación de 1 mm diarios hasta alcanzar la altura ósea deseada. Posteriormente se aguardaron 10 semanas como parte del periodo de consolidación ósea y se realizo la colocación de los implantes oseointegrados y local y el retiro del dispositivo de distracción, pudiéndose comprobar clínica y radiográficamente la ganancia de la altura y volumen óseo necesario para la rehabilitación por medio de implantes. Abstract in english The alveolar distraction osteogenesis is an alternative method for the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges with success, that decrease the time of wait between the reconstruction of the alveolar ridge and the placement of the osseointegrated implants in comparison with the traditionally used [...] methods. 10 patients that presented deficiency of the alveolar ridge in the maxilla and/or mandible were assisted by means of distraction osteogenesis, using a juxtaosseous device (Conexion Implant System® - SP-Brazil). All the patients were assisted of form ambulatory, under local anesthesia and conscientious sedation, beginning the activation from the device 7 days later to the installation, with a pattern of activation 1 mm diary until reaching the wanted bony height. Later on 10 weeks like part of the period of bony consolidation were awaited and one carries out the placement of the osseointegraded implants and the retirement of the distraction device, being able to check clinic and radiographic the gain of the height and necessary bony volume for the rehabilitation by means of implants.

  12. Clinical and histological results in alveolar ridge enlargement using coralline calcium carbonate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piattelli, A; Podda, G; Scarano, A

    1997-04-01

    A very important parameter during the insertion of dental implants is the amount of bone present in a site. A regenerative procedure to increase the width and the height of bone is proposed with the use of occlusive barrier membranes and biomaterials. The authors used, in six patients with deficient alveolar ridges, prior to implant insertion, Biocoral gel particles in connection with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membranes. After 6 months it was observed that a tissue similar to mature bone had regenerated under the membrane and microscopically it was observed that the Biocoral particles were still present and almost all were completely surrounded by mature bone. PMID:9134162

  13. Chemical, physical, and histologic studies on four commercial apatites used for alveolar ridge augmentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Ruyter, I E

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate four commercial apatite products. Subperiosteal alveolar ridge augmentation was performed on the maxilla of rats by implantation of granules of two dense products and of two porous products, and the tissue response was compared with the material characteristics obtained by chemical analysis and infrared spectrometry. None of the apatites caused osteoinduction or osteoconduction; fibrous encapsulation with multinuclear giant cells was observed around all four types. One of the apatites was fluorapatite and not hydroxylapatite, as claimed by the manufacturer. The tissue response to this implant material was dominated by multinuclear giant cells.

  14. Minimally traumatic alveolar ridge augmentation with a tunnel injectable thermo-sensitive alginate scaffold

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yifen, LI; Xiaoqian, FANG; Ting, JIANG.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Injectable bone substitutes and techniques have been developed for use in minimally invasive procedures for bone augmentation. Objective : To develop a novel injectable thermo-sensitive alginate hydrogel (TSAH) as a scaffold to induce bone regeneration, using a minimally invasive tunnelling techniqu [...] e. Material and Methods : An injectable TSAH was prepared from a copolymer solution of 8.0 wt% Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) and 8.0 wt% AAlg-g-PNIPAAm. In vitro properties of the material, such as its microstructure and the sustained release of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2), were investigated. Then, with the subperiosteal tunnelling technique, this material, carrying rhBMP-2, was injected under the labial periosteum of the maxillary anterior alveolar ridge in a rabbit model. New bone formation was evaluated by means of X-ray, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), fluorescence labelling, histological study, and immunohistochemistry study. Results : The material exhibited good injectability and thermo-irreversible properties. SEM showed an interconnected porous microstructure of the TSAH. The result of ALP activity indicated sustained delivery of BMP-2 from the TSAH from days 3 to 15. In a rabbit model, both TSAH and TSAH/rhBMP-2 induced alveolar ridge augmentation. The percentage of mineralised tissue in the TSAH/rhBMP-2 group (41.6±3.79%) was significantly higher than in the TSAH group (31.3±7.21%; p

  15. The effect of therapeutic radiation on canine alveolar ridges augmented with hydroxylapatite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinholt, E M; Kwon, P H

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of radiation on hydroxylapatite (HA) implanted subperiosteally for alveolar ridge augmentation in dogs. All bicuspids and molars were extracted from 16 dogs. After 6 weeks, nonporous HA granules were implanted subperiosteally on the alveolar ridge. Following 4 months of healing, 12 dogs (experimental group) underwent therapeutic radiation therapy (Co60, 4,000 rad [40 Gy]) to the head and neck region. Four dogs were not irradiated and served as controls. Four animals (three experimental and one control) were killed at 5,6,7, and 8 months after HA augmentation. Light microscopic evaluation showed that approximately 25% of HA granules were encased by bone while the others were surrounded by fibrous connective tissue. Dissolution of the HA was observed. Microparticles of HA were phagocytized as part of a granulomatous inflammatory reaction. This reaction decreased significantly as time elapsed after implantation. Osteoclastic activity was seen at the junction of HA and periosteum and as part of bone remodeling. Dissolution of the HA granules and the granulomatous inflammatory reaction were not significantly increased by therapeutic radiation. The radiation did not cause development of dehiscence or osteonecrosis.

  16. Ridge Augmentation and Root Coverage Using Acellular Dermal Matrix: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Jayavel, Kavitha; Swaminathan, Mythili; Kumar, Senthil

    2010-01-01

    Excessive alveolar bone resorption is commonly found when teeth are extracted. This is a problem in anterior part of mouth because it will result in an unaesthetic pontic on a narrow hollowed out alveolar ridge. Yet, another problem is gingival recession and root exposure in adjacent teeth which represent a therapeutic problem to the clinician.

  17. Comparison of alveolar ridge preservation method using three dimensional micro-computed tomographic analysis and two dimensional histometric evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Young Seok; Kim, Sung Tae; Oh, Seung Hee; Park, Hee Jung; Lee, Sophia; Kim, Taeil; Lee, Young Kyu; Heo, Min Suk [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15

    This study evaluated the efficacy of alveolar ridge preservation methods with and without primary wound closure and the relationship between histometric and micro-computed tomographic (CT) data. Porcine hydroxyapatite with polytetrafluoroethylene membrane was implanted into a canine extraction socket. The density of the total mineralized tissue, remaining hydroxyapatite, and new bone was analyzed by histometry and micro-CT. The statistical association between these methods was evaluated. Histometry and micro-CT showed that the group which underwent alveolar preservation without primary wound closure had significantly higher new bone density than the group with primary wound closure (P<0.05). However, there was no significant association between the data from histometry and micro-CT analysis. These results suggest that alveolar ridge preservation without primary wound closure enhanced new bone formation more effectively than that with primary wound closure. Further investigation is needed with respect to the comparison of histometry and micro-CT analysis.

  18. Comparison of alveolar ridge preservation method using three dimensional micro-computed tomographic analysis and two dimensional histometric evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluated the efficacy of alveolar ridge preservation methods with and without primary wound closure and the relationship between histometric and micro-computed tomographic (CT) data. Porcine hydroxyapatite with polytetrafluoroethylene membrane was implanted into a canine extraction socket. The density of the total mineralized tissue, remaining hydroxyapatite, and new bone was analyzed by histometry and micro-CT. The statistical association between these methods was evaluated. Histometry and micro-CT showed that the group which underwent alveolar preservation without primary wound closure had significantly higher new bone density than the group with primary wound closure (P<0.05). However, there was no significant association between the data from histometry and micro-CT analysis. These results suggest that alveolar ridge preservation without primary wound closure enhanced new bone formation more effectively than that with primary wound closure. Further investigation is needed with respect to the comparison of histometry and micro-CT analysis.

  19. Regeneración ósea guiada para el aumento vertical del reborde alveolar / Guided osseous regeneration for the vertical augmentation of the alveolar ridge

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    CE, Nappe; CE, Baltodano.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Se considera como aumento óseo vertical, cualquier técnica que apunte a crear una mayor altura del reborde alveolar. A inicios de la década de los 90’s se empezó a utilizar la regeneración ósea guiada (ROG) en mandíbulas atróficas, con el fin de permitir la instalación de implantes óseointegrados. C [...] on el fin de evaluar y exponer parte de la evidencia disponible en la actualidad, con respecto a la ROG para aumento óseo vertical, se realizó la siguiente revisión bibliográfica. Abstract in english Any technique aimed to improve the alveolar ridge height is considered as a vertical bone augmentation procedure. In the early 90’s guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures began to be used in atrophic mandibles to allow the installation of osseointegrated dental implants. The following bibliograph [...] ic review was made with the purpose of evaluating and exposing part of the available evidence at present in this field.

  20. Combined use of alveolar distraction osteogenesis and segmental osteotomy in anterior vertical ridge augmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öncü, Elif; Isik, Kubilay; Alaaddino?lu, E. Emine; Uçkan, Sina

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Vertical defects of the anterioral veolar ridge are challenging cases in implant dentistry. Various techniques, such as onlay bone grafting, segmental osteotomy (SO) oral veolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO), have been suggested to manage those situations. ADO has an advantage of being capable of enhancing both hard and soft tissue simultaneously. Presentation of case One of the possible complications of ADO is rotation ortilting the transport segment (TS). In this report, we present a 30-year old woman who had a severe anterior vertical deficiency. ADO was started to manage the case, but advancement of the TS lagged on the left side and the segment rotated. A SO was planned and the lagged side was corrected. Two years after the surgery, hard and soft tissue gains were found to be preserved. Discussion Vertical alveolar bone deficiencies are challenging cases for dental implantology. Alveolar DO promotes soft tissue along with hard tissue, and the bone regeneration process and shows lower infection rates and greater stability over the long term. However, the technique has some disadvantages and can lead to complications, such as breaking of the distraction device, nerve injury or paresthesia, fracture of transport bone, hematoma, wound dehiscence, severe bleeding, and even jaw fractures. Deviation of the TS from the distraction path is another undesired situation. The rigidity of the device, the width of the mucosa, the volume of the transport and anchor segments, and the amount of augmentation can affect vector deviation. Conclusion We suggest that SO can be used in similar cases in which TS could not be distracted on a straight vector line. PMID:25661636

  1. SYSTEMIC NON-MALIGNANT OSTEOPOROSIS AND REDUCTION OF EDENTULOUS ALVEOLAR RIDGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Postic D. Srdjan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Systemic osteoporosis damages skeletal bones to different degrees. The aim of this study was to determine the intensity and correlation of the osteoporotic changes in the bone density of the skeleton and body mass index (BMI with a reduction in edentulous mandibles, and to assess possibility of reparation of layers of mandibles with increase of mineral content in jaws of patients affected by osteoporosis. Material and Methods. In this study, 99 edentulous patients with decreased bone density comprised the experimental group, and 48 edentulous patients with normal bone densities formed the control. The age of the examined patients was 69.02 ± 7,9, range 53–74 of females and 69.11 ± 7.1, range 59–76 years. Radiographs of the hands and panoramic radiographs were done for all the patients. The values of BMI, metacarpal index , density of lumbar spine (L2–L4, in the phalanx and in segments of the mandibles as well as the edentulous alveolar ridges heights were measured, assessed and calculated. Results. The lowest value of the total skeletal density was established in the osteoporotic patients on the basis of the average T-score of – 2.5 in men, and – 2.6 in women. Minimum values of the edentulous ridges heights (right/left, in mm were measured in both osteoporotic females (21.84/22.39 and males 24.90/24.96 patients. By comparison of the densities of the metacarpal bones, proximal phalanx, segments of the edentulous mandibles and based on the numerical values of the edentulous ridges heights ?2 = 3.81 was found in men and ?2 = 4.03 was found in women with normal bone densities; ? 2= 5.92 was found in men and ?2=6.25 was found in women with osteopenia; ?2= 2.63 was found in men and ?2 = 3.85 was found in women with osteoporosis, on the level of probability of 0.05. After application of calcium and calcitonin in solutions, moderate increment of density (p < 0.05; p < 0.01 was verified, compensating up to 4% of total loss of mass, minerals and solidity of denture bearing areas of osteoporotic mandibles. Conclusion. Systemic osteoporosis leads to decrease of densities of bones of mandibles and causes reduction of edentulous ridges.

  2. Prosthetic Management of an Extensive Maxillary Alveolar Resorption with an Implant-supported Restoration: a Technical Report

    OpenAIRE

    Fariborz Saadat; Ramin Mosharraf

    2013-01-01

    Despite the recent developments in peri-implant surgical regenerative procedures, re-establishing the hard and soft tissue contour is still a challenge in cases with severe ridge deficiency. It becomes more difficult when incorrectly placed implants cause screw connections to come out onto the labial surfaces of the teeth. A two-part maxillary implant supported fixed restoration was constructed. The first part was consisted of a screw retained sub-structure that replaced gingival portions of ...

  3. Photoelastic Stress Analysis Surrounding Implant-Supported Prosthesis and Alveolar Ridge on Mandibular Overdentures

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Dorival Pedroso; Cazal, Claudia; de Almeida, Fernanda Campos Sousa; Dias, Reinaldo Brito e; Ballester, Rafael Yagüe

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to evaluate the maximum stress around osseointegrated implants and alveolar ridge, in a mandible with left partial resection through a photoelastic mandibular model. The first group consisted of two implants: traditional model (T), implants placed in the position of both canines; fulcrum model (F), implants placed in the position of left canine CL and right lateral incisor LiR. Both models linked through a bar and clips. The second group was consisted of three implants, with implants placed in the position of both canines (CR and CL) and the right lateral incisor (LiR), which composed four groups: (1) model with 3 “O” rings, (2) model 2 ERAs, bar with clips, (3) model 2 ERAs bar without clips; (4) model “O” ring bar and ERA. An axial and an oblique load of 6.8?kgf was applied on a overdenture at the 1st Pm, 2nd Pm, and 1st M. Results showed that the area around the left canine (CL) was practically free of stress; the left lateral incisor (LiL) developed only small tensions, and low stress in all the other cases; the right canine tooth suffered the largest concentrations of stress, mainly with the ERA retention mechanism. PMID:20467562

  4. Photoelastic Stress Analysis Surrounding Implant-Supported Prosthesis and Alveolar Ridge on Mandibular Overdentures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Yagüe Ballester

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to evaluate the maximum stress around osseointegrated implants and alveolar ridge, in a mandible with left partial resection through a photoelastic mandibular model. The first group consisted of two implants: traditional model (T, implants placed in the position of both canines; fulcrum model (F, implants placed in the position of left canine CL and right lateral incisor LiR. Both models linked through a bar and clips. The second group was consisted of three implants, with implants placed in the position of both canines (CR and CL and the right lateral incisor (LiR, which composed four groups: (1 model with 3 “O” rings, (2 model 2 ERAs, bar with clips, (3 model 2 ERAs bar without clips; (4 model “O” ring bar and ERA. An axial and an oblique load of 6.8?kgf was applied on a overdenture at the 1st Pm, 2nd Pm, and 1st M. Results showed that the area around the left canine (CL was practically free of stress; the left lateral incisor (LiL developed only small tensions, and low stress in all the other cases; the right canine tooth suffered the largest concentrations of stress, mainly with the ERA retention mechanism.

  5. Polyhedral microcrystals encapsulating bone morphogenetic protein 2 improve healing in the alveolar ridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, Goichi; Ueda, Takayo; Sugita, Yoshihiko; Kubo, Katsutoshi; Mizoguchi, Megumi; Kotani, Eiji; Oda, Naoki; Kawamata, Shin; Segami, Natsuki; Mori, Hajime

    2015-08-01

    Atelocollagen sponges incorporating polyhedra encapsulating bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) were implanted into lateral bone defects in the mandible. Half of the bone defects on the left side were treated with atelocollagen sponges containing 1.8?×?10(7) BMP-2 polyhedra, and half were treated with sponges containing 3.6?×?10(6) BMP-2 polyhedra. As controls, we treated the right-side bone defects in each animal with an atelocollagen sponge containing 5?µg of recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) or 1.8?×?10(7) empty polyhedral. After a healing period of six months, whole mandibles were removed for micro-computed tomography (CT) and histological analyses. Micro-CT images showed that more bone had formed at all experimental sites than at control sites. However, the density of the new bone was not significantly higher at sites with an atelocollagen sponge containing BMP-2 polyhedra than at sites with an atelocollagen sponge containing rhBMP-2 or empty polyhedra. Histological examination confirmed that the BMP-2 polyhedra almost entirely replaced the atelocollagen sponges and connected the original bone with the regenerated bone. These results show that the BMP-2 delivery system facilitates the regeneration of new bone in the mandibular alveolar bone ridge and has an advance in the technology of bone regeneration for implant site development. PMID:25766035

  6. Anthropometric Measurements in Toothed and Toothless Maxillaries and its Consequences in Human Alveolar Bone Resorption / Mediciones Antropométricas en Maxilares con y sin Dientes de Humanos y sus Consecuencias en la Reabsorción Ósea Alveolar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jaciel Benedito, de Oliveira; Andrelle Nayara Cavalcanti Lima de, Almeida; Carla Cabral dos Santos Accioly, Lins; Adelmar Afonso de Amorim, Júnior; Zélia Albuquerque, Seixas.

    1173-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio propuso medir y comparar las medidas antropométricas entre los maxilares con y sin dientes. Fueron utilizados 26 cráneos humanos, 13 maxilares con dientes y 13 sin dientes. Las mediciones fueron realizadas a ambos lados por dos evaluadores entre las distancias del reborde alveolar (RA): [...] a la espina nasal anterior (ENA), al canal incisivo (CI) y a lo foraámenes palatinos mayor (FPMA) y menor (FPME). Los datos mostraron que la media de las mediciones fueron proporcionalmente mayores en las maxilas con dientes, para todas las mediciones en cualquiera de los evaluadores. El RA-ENA (p = 0,001), AR-CI (p = 0,006), RA-APMA derecho (p = 0,001) y RA-APMA izquierdo (p Abstract in english This study proposes to measure and compare anthropometric measurements between toothed and toothless maxillas. 26 human skulls were used with: 13 toothed and 13 toothless maxillas. The measurements were made between the distances of the alveolar ridge (AR): the anterior nasal spine (ANS), to the inc [...] isive foramen (FI) and the palatine foramen, greater (FPMA) and lower (FPME) on both sides by two evaluators. The data obtained showed that the average of the measurements were correspondingly higher in toothed maxillas than in toothless, for all measurements in any one of the evaluators. The AR-ANS (p = 0.001), IF-AR (p = 0.006), AR-FPMA right (p = 0.001) and AR-FPMA left (p

  7. Prosthetic Management of an Extensive Maxillary Alveolar Resorption with an Implant-supported Restoration: a Technical Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariborz Saadat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite the recent developments in peri-implant surgical regenerative procedures, re-establishing the hard and soft tissue contour is still a challenge in cases with severe ridge deficiency. It becomes more difficult when incorrectly placed implants cause screw connections to come out onto the labial surfaces of the teeth. A two-part maxillary implant supported fixed restoration was constructed. The first part was consisted of a screw retained sub-structure that replaced gingival portions of the deficient maxilla and the second part was a cement retained super-structure that reconstructed the anatomical crowns of the lost teeth. In this way awkwardly placed implants did not interfere with the desired esthetic result. Another great advantage was that the alterations or repairs on cemented crowns can easily be carried out without compromising the entire construction.

  8. Anthropometric Measurements in Toothed and Toothless Maxillaries and its Consequences in Human Alveolar Bone Resorption Mediciones Antropométricas en Maxilares con y sin Dientes de Humanos y sus Consecuencias en la Reabsorción Ósea Alveolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaciel Benedito de Oliveira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes to measure and compare anthropometric measurements between toothed and toothless maxillas. 26 human skulls were used with: 13 toothed and 13 toothless maxillas. The measurements were made between the distances of the alveolar ridge (AR: the anterior nasal spine (ANS, to the incisive foramen (FI and the palatine foramen, greater (FPMA and lower (FPME on both sides by two evaluators. The data obtained showed that the average of the measurements were correspondingly higher in toothed maxillas than in toothless, for all measurements in any one of the evaluators. The AR-ANS (p = 0.001, IF-AR (p = 0.006, AR-FPMA right (p = 0.001 and AR-FPMA left (p Este estudio propuso medir y comparar las medidas antropométricas entre los maxilares con y sin dientes. Fueron utilizados 26 cráneos humanos, 13 maxilares con dientes y 13 sin dientes. Las mediciones fueron realizadas a ambos lados por dos evaluadores entre las distancias del reborde alveolar (RA: a la espina nasal anterior (ENA, al canal incisivo (CI y a lo foraámenes palatinos mayor (FPMA y menor (FPME. Los datos mostraron que la media de las mediciones fueron proporcionalmente mayores en las maxilas con dientes, para todas las mediciones en cualquiera de los evaluadores. El RA-ENA (p = 0,001, AR-CI (p = 0,006, RA-APMA derecho (p = 0,001 y RA-APMA izquierdo (p <0,001 y RA-APME en ambos lados (p = 0,001, comprobando la existencia de diferencias significativas entre los dos tipos de maxila. Fue verificado que a partir de la pérdida dental ocurren irreversibles cambios anatómicos en el maxilar, que deben ser considerados en el diseño y fabricación de prótesis e implantes osteointegrados.

  9. RIDGE SPLIT AND AUGMENTATION TECHNIQUE FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF ATROPHIC MAXILLA: CASE REPORT-Atrofik Maksilla Tedavisinde Kret Ay?rma ve Ogmentasyon Yöntemi: Olgu Sunumu

    OpenAIRE

    YAMAN, Zekai; CEBE, P?nar; Süer, Berkay Tolga

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACTThe success of dental implant treatment is being adversely affected by the excess alveolar crest resorption. Many techniques including bone augmentation, guided bone regeneration, ridge split and alveolar distraction techniques have been implemented successfully to overcome this problem. Ridge split technique is based on separation of the buccal and palatal cortical bone into two separate cortical plates in the horizontal plane and augmenting in between using various bone substitutes ...

  10. Orthopantomographic study of the alveolar bone level on periodontal disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author had measured the alveolar bone level of periodontal disease on 50 cases of orthopantomogram to detect the degree of alveolar bone resorption of both sexes of Korean. The results were obtained as follows; 1. Alveolar bone resorption of mesial and distal portion was similar in same patient. 2. The order of alveolar bone resorption was mandibular anterior region, posterior region, canine and premolar region of both jaws. 3. The degree of alveolar bone destruction was severe in shorter root length than longer one. 4. The degree of alveolar bone resorption was severe in fourth decades.

  11. Alveolar ridge preservation after dental extraction and before implant placement: a literature review / Preservação do rebordo alveolar após a extração dentária e antes da colocação de implante: revisão da literatura

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis André, Mezzomo; Rosemary Sadami, Shinkai; Nikos, Mardas; Nikolaos, Donos.

    Full Text Available Várias técnicas e materiais têm sido sugeridos para a preservação do rebordo alveolar (PRA) após a extração dentária e antes da colocação do implante. Esta revisão de literatura buscou discutir os aspectos histológicos e clínicos da cicatrização do alvéolo e do procedimento PRA após a extração dentá [...] ria e verificar se ele permite a colocação de implante dentário (com ou sem enxerto adicional). Apesar da heterogeneidade dos estudos, há evidência que os procedimentos de preservação do rebordo são eficazes na limitação da perda dimensional do rebordo pós-extração e são acompanhados por um grau diferente de regeneração óssea, com variadas quantidades de partículas residuais dos "materiais de enxerto". Abstract in english Several techniques and materials have been suggested for alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) after dental extraction and before implant placement. This literature review aimed to discuss the histological and clinical aspects of alveolar healing and the ARP procedure after dental extraction and to veri [...] fy whether it allows dental implant placement (with or without further augmentation). Despite the heterogeneity of the studies, some evidence suggests that ridge preservation procedures are efficient in limiting the postextraction dimensional loss of the ridge and are accompanied by a different degree of bone regeneration, with varied amounts of residual graft material particles.

  12. Improving oral rehabilitation through the preservation of the tissues through alveolar preservation

    OpenAIRE

    Afrashtehfar, Kelvin Ian; Kurtzman, Gregori Michael; Mahesh, Lanka

    2012-01-01

    When performing a tooth extraction, imminent collapse of the tissue by resorption and remodeling of the socket is a natural occurrence. The procedure for the preservation of the alveolar ridge has been widely described in the dental literatures and aims to maintain hard and soft tissues in the extraction site for optimal rehabilitation either with conventional fixed or removable prosthetics or implant-supported prosthesis.

  13. Invasive cervical root resorption: Engineering the lost tissue by regeneration

    OpenAIRE

    Johns, Dexton Antony; Shivashankar, Vasundara Yayathi; Maroli, Ramesh Kumar; Joseph, Rosamma

    2013-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a localized resorptive process that commences on the surface of the root below the epithelial attachment and the coronal aspect of the supporting alveolar process, namely the zone of the connective tissue attachment’ early diagnosis, elimination of the resorption and restorative management are the keys to a successful outcome. Treatment done was a combined non-surgical root canal therapy, surgical treatment to expose the resorptive defect and the resorp...

  14. Alveolar Ridge Conservation by Early Bone Formation After Tooth Extraction in Rabbits: A Histomorphological Study / Conservación de la Cresta Alveolar por Formación Ósea Temprana después de la Extracción Dentaria en Conejos: Un Estudio Histomorfológico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mario, Cantín; Sergio, Olate; Ramón, Fuentes; Bélgica, Vásquez.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La pérdida de volumen cresta alveolar, es un proceso irreversible. Para evitar este evento fisiológico, que típicamente resulta en cambios anatómicos locales significativos, tanto en la dimensión horizontal y vertical, existen algunos procedimienos para reducir al mínimo la pérdida de volumen óseo q [...] ue sigue típicamente a la extracción del diente. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar si tres injertos óseos diferentes podrían promover la formación de hueso en el alveolo tras la extracción del diente para la conservación de la cresta alveolar. Los primeros molares mandibulares de conejos machos adultos fueron extraídos y los alvéolos post extracción fueron rellenados aleatoriamente con tres injertos óseos diferentes, uno de xenoinjerto y dos injertos aloplásticos, más un grupo que no recibió tratamiento (coágulo de sangre). Los alvéolos post extracción en los conejos seleccionados de cada grupo fueron evaluados a las 4, 6, o 8 semanas post-extracción. Los resultados indicaron que los alvéolos tratados con injerto aloplástico mostraron formación de hueso lamelar (6,5%) ya a las 4 semanas post extracción. Por otra parte, el grado de formación de hueso nuevo fue significativamente mayor (P Abstract in english Alveolar ridge volume loss is an irreversible process. To prevent this physiological event, which typically result in significant local anatomical changes in both the horizontal and the vertical dimension, some strategies are indicated to minimize the loss of ridge volume that typically follows toot [...] h extraction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if three different bone grafts could promote new bone formation in the alveolar socket following tooth extraction for the alveolar ridge conservation. First mandibular molars of male adults rabbits were extracted and the extraction sockets were randomly treated with three different bone grafts, one xenograft and two alloplastic grafts, and a group that received no treatment (blood clot). The extraction sockets of selected rabbits from each group were evaluated at 4, 6, or 8-week post-extraction. The results indicated that the extraction sockets treated with alloplastic graft (biphasic calcium phosphate) exhibited lamellar bone formation (6.5%) as early as four weeks after the extraction was performed. Moreover, the degree of new bone formation was significantly higher (P

  15. Fate of autologous and fresh-frozen allogeneic block bone grafts used for ridge augmentation. A CBCT-based analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Spin-Neto, Rubens; Stavropoulos, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate dimensional changes in autologous (AT) and fresh-frozen allogeneic (AL) block bone grafts 6 months after alveolar ridge augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six partially or totally edentulous patients treated either with fresh-frozen AL bone or AT bone onlay block grafts prior to implant placement (13 patients in each group), were included in this analysis. Patients received CBCT (i-CAT Classic) examinations prior to surgery and 14 days and 6 months after grafting. Differences in alveolar ridge area among the various observation times were evaluated by planimetric measurements on two-dimensional CBCT images of the grafted regions. Nineteen grafted blocks from each group were evaluated. RESULTS: Significant increase in alveolar ridge dimensions, allowing implant placement, was obtained with both types of grafts 6 months after grafting; no significant differences in alveolar ridge area were observed between the groups at the various observation times. However, graft resorption in the AL group was significantly larger compared to that in the AT group at 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Larger bone graft resorption was seen in patients treated with fresh-frozen AL bone than in those treated with AT bone 6 months following alveolar ridge augmentation.

  16. Evaluación radiográfica de aumentos de rebordes alveolares con injertos aloplásticos de hidroxiapatita no reabsorbible: seguimiento a nueve meses Radiographic evaluation of alveolar ridge augmentation with non resorbable hydroxyapatite alloplastic grafts: nine months follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Félix Antonio Gil Cárdenas

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el objetivo fue determinar radiográficamente el porcentaje de estabilidad de la altura del reborde alveolar del maxilar superior e inferior en pacientes sometidos a cirugía preprotésica de aumento de reborde con implante de HA no reabsorbible. MÉTODOS: el estudio se realizó en quince pacientes, en quienes se determinaron mediciones reproducibles. Para el maxilar superior: (A desde espina nasal anterior; (B derecha-izquierda desde el borde más inferior de las fosas nasales; (C derecha- izquierda desde el borde más inferior de la órbita. Para el maxilar inferior: (E desde el borde inferior de la mandíbula y pasando por la sínfisis; (F derecha-izquierda pasando por el agujero mentoniano; (G derecha-izquierda pasando 5 mm. atrás del agujero mentoniano; (H derecha-izquierda pasando 10 mm posterior al agujero mentoniano. Todas las mediciones se realizaron en el prequirúrgico, en el posquirúrgico inmediato, y a los nueve meses. RESULTADOS: se promediaron los diferentes puntos del maxilar superior (PPMXS y se observó una pérdida de altura entre el 6,29 y un 33,6% con promedio del 17,36 %. En el maxilar inferior (PPMXI se observó una variación desde ganancia del 6,31% hasta una disminución del 18,87%, con promedio del 2,54%. CONCLUSIONES: el implante de HA permite restablecer adecuada altura del reborde alveolar. La altura del reborde alveolar obtenida inicialmente presenta un porcentaje de disminución de su altura en el maxilar superior del 17,36%, y en el maxilar inferior del 2,54 durante el seguimiento a nueve meses.INTRODUCTION: the purpose of this study was to determine radiographically the percentage of stability of alveolar ridge height in the maxilla and the mandible in patients subjected to pre prosthetic surgery of ridge augmentation with non resorbable HA implants. METHODS: the study was performed in 15 patients in whom reproducible measurements were taken. For the maxilla: (A From Anterior Nasal Spine; (B right and left from the lowest border of the nasal fossae; (C right and left from the lowest border of the orbit. For the mandible: (E from the lowest border of the mandible passing through symphysis; (F right and left passing through the mental foramen; (G right and left passing 5 mm posterior to the mental foramen; (H right and left passing 10 mm posterior to mental foramen. All measurements were performed before surgery, immediately after and, nine months after surgery. RESULTS: the different points of the maxilla were averaged (PPMXS and a height loss between 6.29% and 33.6% was observed, with an average of 17.36%. For the mandible (PPMXL variations ranging from 6.31% of augmentation to 18.8% loss were observed, with an average of 2.54%. CONCLUSIONS: HA implants allow reestablishment of adequate alveolar ridge height. The alveolar ridge height initially obtained presents a decrease percentage in height for the maxilla of 17.36% and 2.54% for the mandible after nine months follow up.

  17. Evaluación radiográfica de aumentos de rebordes alveolares con injertos aloplásticos de hidroxiapatita no reabsorbible: seguimiento a nueve meses / Radiographic evaluation of alveolar ridge augmentation with non resorbable hydroxyapatite alloplastic grafts: nine months follow up

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Félix Antonio, Gil Cárdenas.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el objetivo fue determinar radiográficamente el porcentaje de estabilidad de la altura del reborde alveolar del maxilar superior e inferior en pacientes sometidos a cirugía preprotésica de aumento de reborde con implante de HA no reabsorbible. MÉTODOS: el estudio se realizó en quince p [...] acientes, en quienes se determinaron mediciones reproducibles. Para el maxilar superior: (A) desde espina nasal anterior; (B derecha-izquierda) desde el borde más inferior de las fosas nasales; (C derecha- izquierda) desde el borde más inferior de la órbita. Para el maxilar inferior: (E) desde el borde inferior de la mandíbula y pasando por la sínfisis; (F derecha-izquierda) pasando por el agujero mentoniano; (G derecha-izquierda) pasando 5 mm. atrás del agujero mentoniano; (H derecha-izquierda) pasando 10 mm posterior al agujero mentoniano. Todas las mediciones se realizaron en el prequirúrgico, en el posquirúrgico inmediato, y a los nueve meses. RESULTADOS: se promediaron los diferentes puntos del maxilar superior (PPMXS) y se observó una pérdida de altura entre el 6,29 y un 33,6% con promedio del 17,36 %. En el maxilar inferior (PPMXI) se observó una variación desde ganancia del 6,31% hasta una disminución del 18,87%, con promedio del 2,54%. CONCLUSIONES: el implante de HA permite restablecer adecuada altura del reborde alveolar. La altura del reborde alveolar obtenida inicialmente presenta un porcentaje de disminución de su altura en el maxilar superior del 17,36%, y en el maxilar inferior del 2,54 durante el seguimiento a nueve meses. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: the purpose of this study was to determine radiographically the percentage of stability of alveolar ridge height in the maxilla and the mandible in patients subjected to pre prosthetic surgery of ridge augmentation with non resorbable HA implants. METHODS: the study was performed in 15 [...] patients in whom reproducible measurements were taken. For the maxilla: (A) From Anterior Nasal Spine; (B right and left) from the lowest border of the nasal fossae; (C right and left) from the lowest border of the orbit. For the mandible: (E) from the lowest border of the mandible passing through symphysis; (F right and left) passing through the mental foramen; (G right and left) passing 5 mm posterior to the mental foramen; (H right and left) passing 10 mm posterior to mental foramen. All measurements were performed before surgery, immediately after and, nine months after surgery. RESULTS: the different points of the maxilla were averaged (PPMXS) and a height loss between 6.29% and 33.6% was observed, with an average of 17.36%. For the mandible (PPMXL) variations ranging from 6.31% of augmentation to 18.8% loss were observed, with an average of 2.54%. CONCLUSIONS: HA implants allow reestablishment of adequate alveolar ridge height. The alveolar ridge height initially obtained presents a decrease percentage in height for the maxilla of 17.36% and 2.54% for the mandible after nine months follow up.

  18. A novel combined surgical approach to vertical alveolar ridge augmentation with titanium mesh, resorbable membrane, and rhPDGF-BB: a retrospective consecutive case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Funato, Akiyoshi; Ishikawa, Tomohiro; Kitajima, Hajime; Yamada, Masahiro; Moroi, Hidetada

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case series was to report the clinical outcomes and histologic findings of vertical ridge augmentation using a combination of titanium mesh, resorbable collagen membrane, and recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor BB (rhPDGF-BB). Nineteen patients were included, and autogenous bone and anorganic bovine bone particles were used. The bone graft was mixed with rhPDGF-BB and loaded onto the bony defect up to the level of the adjacent alveolar crest. A pre-adapted titanium mesh was placed over the grafted region and covered with a resorbable collagen membrane, leaving no areas of the grafted region exposed. Seventeen patients exhibited good soft tissue healing. Postoperative flap dehiscence occurred relatively early in the healing period in one patient, whereas the covering collagen membrane was exposed during the later phase of the healing period in another. During reentry surgery for removal of the titanium mesh, three patients with favorable soft and hard tissue healing underwent bone biopsies for histologic evaluation of the augmented tissue just below the titanium mesh. The mean vertical height of augmented bone was 8.6 ± 4.0 mm. This report demonstrates the remarkable efficacy of guided bone regeneration using a combination of titanium mesh, resorbable collagen membrane, and rhPDGF for vertical ridge augmentation, thus expanding the indications for implant therapy and allowing recovery of the three-dimensional esthetic architecture in a severely absorbed alveolar ridge. PMID:23820701

  19. Carcinoma de células escamosas em rebordo alveolar inferior: diagnóstico e tratamento odontológico de suporte Squamous cell carcinoma in lower alveolar ridge: diagnosis and odontologic support treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Filipe Ivan Daniel; Rodrigo Granato; Liliane Janete Grando; Sônia Maria Lückmann Fabro

    2006-01-01

    O carcinoma epidermóide é a neoplasia maligna mais comum de cavidade oral e estruturas adjacentes. Apresenta maior incidência no gênero masculino, após a quarta década de vida, e tem como principais fatores etiológicos os usos crônicos de tabaco e álcool. Neste trabalho é relatado um caso de carcinoma de células escamosas do rebordo alveolar inferior, que não é uma região preferencial para esse tipo de patologia. Também é discutida a importância do cirurgião-dentista na equipe de profissionai...

  20. Multiple tooth resorption in an Italian Greyhound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An Italian greyhound was presented three times during a two-year period for dental prophylaxis due to periodontal disease. Clinical examination revealed lesions on several teeth. Radiographs revealed extensive resorptive root lesions. On histological examination, the presence of odontoclasts and signs of boney remodeling of the roots confirmed the resorptive nature of the lesions. Given the extent of the lesions, and poor prognosis with conservative treatment alone, teeth affected by the most severe resorption were extracted at each visit using a flap technique combined with alveolar vestibular osteotomy. Dental resorptive lesions are rarely detected in the dog but may be more frequent than previously thought. The routine use of dental radiographs can be used to reveal these lesions in the dog

  1. Ridge augmentation and root coverage using acellular dermal matrix: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayavel, Kavitha; Swaminathan, Mythili; Kumar, Senthil

    2010-01-01

    Excessive alveolar bone resorption is commonly found when teeth are extracted. This is a problem in anterior part of mouth because it will result in an unaesthetic pontic on a narrow hollowed out alveolar ridge. Yet, another problem is gingival recession and root exposure in adjacent teeth which represent a therapeutic problem to the clinician.Use of acellular dermal matrix graft is an appropriate solution to obtain root coverage in areas with localized or generalized soft tissue recessions, particularly if the recessions create aesthetic concern or root sensitivity or shallow root caries lesions. This case report describes a surgical technique using acellular dermal matrix graft on a class III ridge defect and Millers grade II gingival recessions.There was a gain in both bucco-lingual and apico-coronal dimensions of the ridge, in both height and width directions, when compared to baseline and after 3 months. Recession was also covered compared to the baseline condition. PMID:22013463

  2. A case of progressive external root resorption treated with surgical exposure and composite restoration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isidor, F; Stokholm, R

    1992-10-01

    Progressive external, root resorption was observed apical to the alveolar crest on the buccal surface of a tooth. The area of root resorption was surgically exposed. To gain access to the root resorption cavity osteoectomy was performed. The soft tissue in the resorption cavity was removed and a composite filling (Retroplast) was placed in the cavity using a dentine bonding system (Gluma). The pulp was removed and the root canal was obturated with gutta-percha points and root canal sealer (AH26). Eight months after treatment no further root resorption was observed. Increased pocket depth and slight bleeding on probing in the area of resorption were evident. PMID:1302684

  3. Restoration of the maxillary anterior tooth using immediate implantation with simultaneous ridge augmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Jun-Beom

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Atrophy is most severe during the first month of post-extraction in the anterior maxilla with the degree of horizontal bone resorption being nearly twice as high as that of vertical bone resorption. The loss of the buccal alveolar plate following tooth extraction may lead to palatal implant positioning of the implants. Thus, immediate or early implant placement in the extraction socket has been suggested, because it would reduce the time period and the number of surgical intervention and yield higher patient satisfaction compared with delayed placed implants. However, placement of an implant immediately after tooth extraction may result in a gap between the occlusal portion of the implant and the surrounding alveolar bone crest. In this case report, an implant-supported restoration which is in harmony with the surrounding hard and soft tissue was created by the immediate implant placement with ridge augmentation in anterior region with high satisfaction from the patient.

  4. Evaluación clínica y radiográfica de la técnica de distracción osteogénica en la reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos en la región anterior del maxilar superior / A clinical and radiographic evaluation of the distraction osteogenesis technique for the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges in the anterior region of the upper maxilla

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M.E., Allais de Maurette; P.E., Maurette O’Brien; R., Mazzonetto.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar clínica y radiográficamente la técnica de distracción osteogénica alveolar en la región anterior del maxilar superior y las posibles complicaciones que pueden aparecer durante el tratamiento. Fueron evaluados 15 pacientes, sometidos a reconstrucción alveolar [...] del maxilar superior en la región anterior con distracción osteogénica, usando un distractor yuxtaóseo. Del total de 15 pacientes encontramos que 13 pacientes (86,6%) obtuvieron un éxito total de la técnica, obteniendo una ganancia ósea real media de 7,04 mm; en 1 paciente (6,66%) fue parcial (2,62 mm) y en 1 paciente (6,66%) se evidenció un fracaso en la técnica, al alcanzar solo 0,76 mm debido a problemas en la activación del distractor. En cuanto a las complicaciones surgidas durante el tratamiento fueron divididas en complicaciones menores, toda aquella que no interfirió en el éxito del tratamiento, y que estuvieron presentes en 8 pacientes (53,33%), y complicaciones mayores aquellas que no permitieron la rehabilitación con implantes, y que fue encontrado solo en 1 paciente (6,66%). La técnica de distracción osteogénica alveolar, demostró ser eficaz en la reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos con un éxito de 93,33%, presentado pequeñas complicaciones que pueden ser solventadas por medio de un seguimiento por parte del profesional. Abstract in english This study evaluates clinically and radiographically the distraction osteogenesis technique for the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges in the anterior maxilla region, and the possible complications that arise during treatment. Fifteen patients were evaluated, clinically and radiographically, [...] that had been treated with alveolar distraction osteogenesis in the anterior region, using a juxta-osseous distractor. In 13 patients (86.6%) the technique was completely successful, there being an effective bone gain of 7,04 mm. In 1 patient (6.66%) this was partial (2.62 mm) and in 1 patient (6.66%) the technique failed, as there was a gain of just 0,76 mm because of problems during the activation. The complications arising during the alveolar distraction osteogenesis were divided into minor complications that did not compromise the success of the technique, and which were found in 8 patients (53.33%), and major complications that did not permit rehabilitation, which were found in 1 patient (6.66%). The alveolar distraction osteogenesis technique proved to be an effective technique for the reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges with a success rate of 93.33%. There were minor complications but the surgeon intervened in time and these were solved.

  5. Alveolar socket healing: what can we learn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Mauricio G; Silva, Cléverson O; Misawa, Mônica; Sukekava, Flavia

    2015-06-01

    Tooth extraction induces a series of complex and integrated local changes within the investing hard and soft tissues. These local alterations arise in order to close the socket wound and to restore tissue homeostasis, and are referred to as '"socket healing". The aims of the present report were twofold: first, to describe the socket-healing process; and, second, to discuss what can be learned from the temporal sequence of healing events, in order to improve treatment outcomes. The socket-healing process may be divided into three sequential, and frequently overlapping, phases: inflammatory; proliferative; and modeling/remodeling. Several clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated that the socket-healing process promotes up to 50% reduction of the original ridge width, greater bone resorption at the buccal aspect than at the lingual/palatal counterpart and a larger amount of alveolar bone reduction in the molar region. In conclusion, tooth extraction, once a simple and straightforward surgical procedure, should be performed in the knowledge that ridge reduction will follow and that further clinical steps should be considered to compensate for this, when considering future options for tooth replacement. PMID:25867983

  6. Alveolar ridge preservation with a free gingival graft in the anterior maxilla: volumetric evaluation in a randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaca, Ç; Er, N; Gül?ah?, A; Köseo?lu, O T

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the dimensional changes in maxillary extraction sockets that have healed spontaneously and those treated with free gingival grafts. Ten subjects with at least two maxillary anterior teeth scheduled for extraction were selected for this study. Two maxillary teeth were allocated randomly to either the test group or the control group. In the test group, the extraction socket was covered with a free gingival graft harvested from the palate, while in the control group the sockets healed spontaneously. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were taken on the day of extraction and at 3 months postoperative. Soft tissue healing of the extraction sockets was assessed visually by clinical inspection. Hard tissue measurements were obtained from the CBCT scans. After 3 months of healing, the control sockets had lost height in the buccal and lingual crestal bones (-1.03 and -0.56mm, respectively); however, the height in the buccal and lingual crestal bones was preserved at the test sites (+0.06 and +0.25mm, respectively). This difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P0.05). The authors propose that covering the orifice of the extraction socket with a free gingival graft can result in preservation of the alveolar bone height. PMID:25682463

  7. Frequency of the external resorptions of root apex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opa?i?-Gali? Vanja

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Root resorptions present a significant problem in endodontic therapy of the affected teeth and in dentistry in general. The objective of this study was to analyze, based on epidemiological and statistical research, the frequency of clinical incidence of pathological root resorptions in everyday practice related to localization, type of tooth, age and sex of patients. Radiographie documentation of patients treated from 1997 till 2002 at the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Faculty of Stomatology in Belgrade, was used as baseline for this study. Retroalveolar radiographs of teeth with visible signs of resorptions were singled out from 15654 patients' clinical records used for this study. The external resorptions were shown as radiolucent areas localized on various outer root surfaces, followed by significant or less significant resorption of lamina dura and alveolar bone. Out of all teeth analyzed in this study, 594 (3.79% showed some kind of resorption. The external resorptions were found to be more present in the upper jaw (55.10% and molars (50.30% than in the lower jaw (44.90% and single root teeth (49.70%, but in both cases without significant statistical differences. The most frequent localization of resorptions was root apex (82.44%. In regard to age, the most frequent resorptions were recorded in patients aged between 21 and 30 years (28.40%, and the lowest incidence was found in the youngest population (5.51%. The results also showed that resorptions were more frequent among the female population (59.04% than among the male population (40.96%. Based on these results, we may conclude that the external root resorptions are not a frequent clinical phenomenon. Proper and early diagnostics of such tissue pathology is one of the basic prerequisites for successful endodontic therapy of the affected root.

  8. Mesenchymal dental pulp cells attenuate dentin resorption in homeostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Y; Chen, M; He, L; Marão, H F; Sun, D M; Zhou, J; Kim, S G; Song, S; Wang, S L; Mao, J J

    2015-06-01

    Dentin in permanent teeth rarely undergoes resorption in development, homeostasis, or aging, in contrast to bone that undergoes periodic resorption/remodeling. The authors hypothesized that cells in the mesenchymal compartment of dental pulp attenuate osteoclastogenesis. Mononucleated and adherent cells from donor-matched rat dental pulp (dental pulp cells [DPCs]) and alveolar bone (alveolar bone cells [ABCs]) were isolated and separately cocultured with primary rat splenocytes. Primary splenocytes readily aggregated and formed osteoclast-like cells in chemically defined osteoclastogenesis medium with 20 ng/mL of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and 50 ng/mL of receptor activator of nuclear factor ?B ligand (RANKL). Strikingly, DPCs attenuated osteoclastogenesis when cocultured with primary splenocytes, whereas ABCs slightly but significantly promoted osteoclastogenesis. DPCs yielded ~20-fold lower RANKL expression but >2-fold higher osteoprotegerin (OPG) expression than donor-matched ABCs, yielding a RANKL/OPG ratio of 41:1 (ABCs:DPCs). Vitamin D3 significantly promoted RANKL expression in ABCs and OPG in DPCs. In vivo, rat maxillary incisors were atraumatically extracted (without any tooth fractures), followed by retrograde pulpectomy to remove DPCs and immediate replantation into the extraction sockets to allow repopulation of the surgically treated root canal with periodontal and alveolar bone-derived cells. After 8 wk, multiple dentin/root resorption lacunae were present in root dentin with robust RANKL and OPG expression. There were areas of dentin resoprtion alternating with areas of osteodentin formation in root dentin surface in the observed 8 wk. These findings suggest that DPCs of the mesenchymal compartment have an innate ability to attenuate osteoclastogenesis and that this innate ability may be responsible for the absence of dentin resorption in homeostasis. Mesenchymal attenuation of dentin resorption may have implications in internal resorption in the root canal, pulp/dentin regeneration, and root resorption in orthodontic tooth movement. PMID:25762594

  9. Bone Replacement Materials and Techniques Used for Achieving Vertical Alveolar Bone Augmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeeshan Sheikh

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar bone augmentation in vertical dimension remains the holy grail of periodontal tissue engineering. Successful dental implant placement for restoration of edentulous sites depends on the quality and quantity of alveolar bone available in all spatial dimensions. There are several surgical techniques used alone or in combination with natural or synthetic graft materials to achieve vertical alveolar bone augmentation. While continuously improving surgical techniques combined with the use of auto- or allografts provide the most predictable clinical outcomes, their success often depends on the status of recipient tissues. The morbidity associated with donor sites for auto-grafts makes these techniques less appealing to both patients and clinicians. New developments in material sciences offer a range of synthetic replacements for natural grafts to address the shortcoming of a second surgical site and relatively high resorption rates. This narrative review focuses on existing techniques, natural tissues and synthetic biomaterials commonly used to achieve vertical bone height gain in order to successfully restore edentulous ridges with implant-supported prostheses.

  10. Mineral trioxide aggregate repair of a perforating internal resorption in a mandibular molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meire, Maarten; De Moor, Roeland

    2008-02-01

    Internal resorption is a rare condition in permanent teeth that poses difficulties for treatment. The challenge is complicated further if the resorption extends beyond the confines of the root. This article describes treatment of a perforating internal resorption in the mesial root of a second lower molar, with adjacent destruction of the alveolar bone. After cleaning the root canal space and the resorption lacuna by mechanical instrumentation, irrigation, and interim calcium hydroxide dressing, the defect was filled with mineral trioxide aggregate, and the canals were obturated conventionally with gutta percha and epoxy resin sealer. At a 2-year follow-up examination, no clinical abnormalities were found, and complete resolution of the alveolar bone lesion and establishment of a new periodontal ligament were observed. PMID:18215687

  11. Requirement of alveolar bone formation for eruption of rat molars

    OpenAIRE

    Gary E. Wise; He, Hongzhi; Gutierrez, Dina L.; Ring, Sherry; Yao, Shaomian

    2011-01-01

    Tooth eruption is a localized event that requires a dental follicle (DF) to regulate the resorption of alveolar bone to form an eruption pathway. During the intra-osseous phase of eruption, the tooth moves through this pathway. The mechanism or motive force that propels the tooth through this pathway is controversial but many studies have shown that alveolar bone growth at the base of the crypt occurs during eruption. To determine if this bone growth (osteogenesis) was causal, experiments wer...

  12. The efficacy of hydrothermally obtained carbonated hydroxyapatite in healing alveolar bone defects in rats with or without corticosteroid treatment

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    Markovi? Dejan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Autogenous bone grafting has been the gold standard in clinical cases when bone grafts are required for bone defects in dentistry. The study was undertaken to evaluate multilevel designed carbonated hydroxyapatite (CHA obtained by hydrothermal method, as a bone substitute in healing bone defects with or without corticosteroid treatment in rats as assessed by histopathologic methods. Methods. Bone defects were created in the alveolar bone by teeth extraction in 12 rats. The animals were initially divided into two groups. The experimental group was pretreated with corticosteroids: methylprednisolone and dexamethasone, intramuscularly, while the control group was without therapy. Posterior teeth extraction had been performed after the corticosteroid therapy. The extraction defects were fulfilled with hydroxyapatite with bimodal particle sizes in the range of 50-250 ?m and the sample from postextocactional defect of the alveolar bone was analyzed pathohystologically. Results. The histopatological investigations confirmed the biologic properties of the applied material. The evident growth of new bone in the alveolar ridge was clearly noticed in both groups of rats. Carbonated HA obtained by hydrothermal method promoted bone formation in the preformed defects, confirming its efficacy for usage in bone defects. Complete resorption of the material’s particles took place after 25 weeks. Conclusion. Hydroxyapatite completely meets the clinical requirements for a bone substitute material. Due to its microstructure, complete resorption took place during the observation period of the study. Corticosteroid treatment did not significantly affect new bone formation in the region of postextractional defects. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 172026

  13. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alveolar proteinosis; Pulmonary alveolar phospholipoproteinosis ... In some cases, the cause of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is unknown. In others, it occurs with lung infection or an immune problem. It also can occur with cancers of ...

  14. Ridge Preservation with Modified “Socket-Shield” Technique: A Methodological Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markus Glocker

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available After tooth extraction, the alveolar bone undergoes a remodeling process, which leads to horizontal and vertical bone loss. These resorption processes complicate dental rehabilitation, particularly in connection with implants. Various methods of guided bone regeneration (GBR have been described to retain the original dimension of the bone after extraction. Most procedures use filler materials and membranes to support the buccal plate and soft tissue, to stabilize the coagulum and to prevent epithelial ingrowth. It has also been suggested that resorption of the buccal bundle bone can be avoided by leaving a buccal root segment (socket shield technique in place, because the biological integrity of the buccal periodontium (bundle bone remains untouched. This method has also been described in connection with immediate implant placement. The present case report describes three consecutive cases in which a modified method was applied as part of a delayed implantation. The latter was carried out after six months, and during re-entry the new bone formation in the alveolar bone and the residual ridge was clinically evaluated as proof of principle. It was demonstrated that the bone was clinically preserved with this method. Possibilities and limitations are discussed and directions for future research are disclosed.

  15. Invasive cervical resorption: treatment challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Yookyung; Lee, Chan-young; Kim, Euiseong; Roh, Byoung-duck

    2012-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption is a relatively uncommon form of external root resorption. It is characterized by invasion of cervical region of the root by fibrovascular tissue derived from the periodontal ligament. This case presents an invasive cervical resorption occurring in maxillary lateral incisor, following damage in cervical cementum from avulsion and intracoronal bleaching procedure. Flap reflection, debridement and restoration with glass ionomer cement were performed in an attempt to...

  16. An Insight into Internal Resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Priya Thomas; Rekha Krishna Pillai; Bindhu Pushparajan Ramakrishnan; Jayanthi Palani

    2014-01-01

    Internal resorption, a rare phenomenon, has been a quandary from the standpoints of both its diagnosis and treatment. It is usually asymptomatic and discovered by chance on routine radiographic examinations or by a classic clinical sign, “pink spot” in the crown. This paper emphasizes the etiology and pathophysiologic mechanisms involved in internal root resorption. Prognosis is good for smaller lesions; however, for those with extensive resorption associated with perforation the tooth st...

  17. Invasive Cervical Resorption: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kandalgaonkar, Shilpa D.; Gharat, Leena A.; Tupsakhare, Suyog D.; Gabhane, Mahesh H.

    2013-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption is a relatively uncommon form of external root resorption exhibiting no external signs. The resorptive condition is often detected by routine radiographic examination. The clinical features vary from a small defect at the gingival margin to a pink coronal discoloration of the tooth crown resulting in ultimate cavitation of the overlying enamel which is painless unless pulpal or periodontal infection supervenes. Radiographic features of lesions vary from well-delin...

  18. Reconstruction of maxillary ridge atrophy caused by dentoalveolar trauma, using autogenous block bone graft harvested from chin: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisley Ávila Souza

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dentoalveolar trauma, especially when involving front teeth, negatively affect the patient’s life; in particular, tooth avulsion is a complex injury that affects multiple tissues, and no treatment option offers stable long-term outcomes. The aim of this study was to report a case of reconstruction of atrophic anterior alveolar ridge after tooth loss, performed with autograft harvested from the chin, and subsequent prosthetic rehabilitation with the use of an osseointegrated implant. Case report: A 23-years-old Caucasian girl, presented an atrophic alveolar bone in the area of tooth 11, as a result of tooth resorption 10 years after a tooth reimplantation procedure. Reconstruction was performed with autogenous bone harvested from the chin. After 6-months healing period to allow autograft incorporation, a dental implant was inserted. After further 6- months, a screw-retained implant supported metal-ceramic prosthesis was fabricated. Results The prosthetic rehabilitation was successful, and after a follow-up period of 5 years, the achieved result was stable. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the autogenous bone graft harvested from the chin, is a safe and effective option for alveolar ridge defects reconstruction, allowing a subsequent placement of a dental implant supporting a prosthetic restoration.

  19. Resorption of bone implants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weanling isogenously related rats were divided into one control group, one group given a fluoride supplement of 100 parts/106 of F- in the drinking water, and a third group given 0.5 mg per kg body weight of phosphorus as dichloromethylene diphosphanic acid (Cl2MDP). The rats were labeled with 1 ?Ci per g body weight of 3H proline and 40 ?Ci of 45Ca. Four weeks after labeling, the animals were sacrificed and one scapula was implanted subcutaneously in the back of an isogenously related rat of the same age. The other scapula was stored in a freezer pending analysis. After another 4 weeks the implants were recovered and the radioactivity of each isotope was compared with that of the initially stored scapulae. A 30-40 % loss of activity was found, reflecting a considerable loss of bone. However, this loss was significantly lower (P 2MDP was given to the donor animals, whereas fluoride treatment did not affect the resorption. (author)

  20. Clinical technique for invasive cervical root resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Silveira, Luiz Fernando Machado; Silveira, Carina Folgearini; Martos, Josue?; Piovesan, Edno Moacir; Ce?sar Neto, Joa?o Batista

    2011-01-01

    This clinical case report describes the diagnosis and treatment of an external invasive cervical resorption. A 17-year-old female patient had a confirmed diagnosis of invasive cervical resorption class 4 by cone beam computerized tomography. Although, there was no communication with the root canal, the invasive resorption process was extending into the cervical and middle third of the root. The treatment of the cervical resorption of the lateral incisor interrupted the resorptive process and ...

  1. Low-dose doxycycline prevents inflammatory bone resorption in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bezerra M.M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP are considered to be key initiators of collagen degradation, thus contributing to bone resorption in inflammatory diseases. We determined whether subantimicrobial doses of doxycycline (DX (<=10 mg kg-1 day-1, a known MMP inhibitor, could inhibit bone resorption in an experimental periodontitis model. Thirty male Wistar rats (180-200 g were subjected to placement of a nylon thread ligature around the maxillary molars and sacrificed after 7 days. Alveolar bone loss (ABL was measured macroscopically in one hemiarcade and the contralateral hemiarcade was processed for histopathologic analysis. Groups of six animals each were treated with DX (2.5, 5 or 10 mg kg-1 day-1, sc, 7 days and compared to nontreated (NT rats. NT rats displayed significant ABL, severe mononuclear cell influx and increase in osteoclast numbers, which were significantly reduced by 5 or 10 mg kg-1 day-1 DX. These data show that DX inhibits inflammatory bone resorption in a manner that is independent of its antimicrobial properties.

  2. Strontium ranelate improved tooth anchorage and reduced root resorption in orthodontic treatment of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschneck, Christian; Wolf, Michael; Reicheneder, Claudia; Wahlmann, Ulrich; Proff, Peter; Roemer, Piero

    2014-12-01

    The anchorage mechanisms currently used in orthodontic treatment have various disadvantages. The objective of this study was to determine the applicability of the osteoporosis medication strontium ranelate in pharmacologically induced orthodontic tooth anchorage. In 48 male Wistar rats, a constant orthodontic force of 0.25 N was reciprocally applied to the upper first molar and the incisors by means of a Sentalloy(®) closed coil spring for two to four weeks. 50% of the animals received strontium ranelate at a daily oral dosage of 900 mg per kilogramme of body weight. Bioavailability was determined by blood analyses. The extent of tooth movement was measured both optometrically and cephalometrically (CBCT). Relative alveolar gene expression of osteoclastic markers and OPG-RANKL was assessed by qRT-PCR and root resorption area and osteoclastic activity were determined in TRAP-stained histologic sections of the alveolar process. Compared to controls, the animals treated with strontium ranelate showed up to 40% less tooth movement after four weeks of orthodontic treatment. Gene expression and histologic analyses showed significantly less osteoclastic activity and a significantly smaller root resorption area. Blood analyses confirmed sufficient bioavailability of strontium ranelate. Because of its pharmacologic effects on bone metabolism, strontium ranelate significantly reduced tooth movement and root resorption in orthodontic treatment of rats. Strontium ranelate may be a viable agent for inducing tooth anchorage and reducing undesired root resorption in orthodontic treatment. Patients under medication of strontium ranelate have to expect prolonged orthodontic treatment times. PMID:25281203

  3. Influence of anatomical barriers on maxillary incisor root resorption after orthodontic treatment with premolar extractions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Antonio Geraldo de, Oliveira; Fabiana Guilhermina Ferreira, Castro.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Apical root resorption is a frequent and occasionally critical problem in orthodontic patients undergoing induced tooth movement. One of the factors that might influence prognosis, especially in maxillary incisors, which most frequently present resorptions, are the so-called the anatom [...] ical barriers; that is, proximity of the buccal and palatal cortical bones to the maxillary incisor roots. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to investigate whether patients with excessive vertical growth really present a small distance between the alveolar cortical bones and the maxillary incisor roots, and whether there is a correlation between this distance and the root resorption index in comparison with patients presenting horizontal growth. METHODS: The sample comprised orthodontic records of 18 patients with extraction planning of first maxillary premolars and treatment by the standard and/or preadjusted edgewise brackets. Their initial and final periapical radiographs were evaluated to determine the amount of root resorption that occurred. RESULTS: On the palatal side, patients with excessive vertical growth (Group 2 - SN-GoGn > 43º) showed a narrower alveolar bone than the horizontal growth patients (Group 1 - SN-GoGn

  4. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    OpenAIRE

    Patel, Sandeep M.; Sekiguchi, Hiroshi; Reynolds, Jordan P.; Krowka, Michael J.

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a disease of alveolar accumulation of phospholipoproteinaceous material that results in gas exchange impairment leading to dyspnea and alveolar infiltrates. There are three forms of PAP: congenital, acquired and idiopathic; of which the latter two are predominant in the adult population. Previous case studies have found that the acquired form can be secondary to various autoimmune, infectious, malignant and environmental etiologies. Recent advances in t...

  5. Analysis of the prevalence of different topographical characteristics of the residual ridge in mandibular free-end arches / Análise da prevalência de diferentes características topográficas do rebordo residual em arcos mandibulares com extremidades livres

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos Gramani, Guedes; Artêmio Luiz, Zanetti; Pedro Paulo, Feltrin.

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa constatou a prevalência dos tipos de rebordos residuais no sentido ântero-posterior em extremidades livres inferiores, além de correlacionar alguns fatores que possam influenciar as suas reabsorções. Para isso, utilizamos radiografias periapicais e dados individuais colhidos na amostra [...] de 64 hemiarcos; foram obtidas 2 radiografias de cada área de extremidade livre e, a partir de traçados, determinamos os ângulos formados pela reabsorção na altura do 1º molar inferior. Podemos constatar que: 1º) a grande maioria de inclinação encontrada foi de rebordos descendentes para distal; 2º) a média de angulação foi maior para usuários de prótese parcial removível inferior; 3º) os resultados sugeriram existir influência do tipo de arco antagônico superior na inclinação dos rebordos inferiores; 4º) observou-se aumento de inclinação quando os segundos pré-molares inferiores eram os dentes adjacentes ao espaço protético; e 5º) não foram encontradas correlações significantes entre idade, sexo e reabsorção do rebordo residual. Abstract in english This study observed the prevalence of different types of residual ridge inclination in free-ends of mandibles and reported possible correlative factors that may affect resorption. For this purpose, periapical radiographs and individual data collected from a sample of 64 hemiarches were used. Two rad [...] iographs were taken of each free-end, and tracing was employed to determine the angles formed by the resorption configuration in the area of the 1st mandibular molar. The following conclusions were drawn: 1) the great majority of alveolar ridges were distally descending; 2) the average angle was wider for users of mandibular removable partial dentures; 3) the results obtained suggest that the type of opposing maxillary arch affects the inclination of mandibular ridges; 4) greater inclination was observed when the 2nd bicuspids of the mandible were the abutment teeth; 5) no significant correlation was established between age, sex and residual ridge resorption.

  6. Analysis of the prevalence of different topographical characteristics of the residual ridge in mandibular free-end arches Análise da prevalência de diferentes características topográficas do rebordo residual em arcos mandibulares com extremidades livres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gramani Guedes

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available This study observed the prevalence of different types of residual ridge inclination in free-ends of mandibles and reported possible correlative factors that may affect resorption. For this purpose, periapical radiographs and individual data collected from a sample of 64 hemiarches were used. Two radiographs were taken of each free-end, and tracing was employed to determine the angles formed by the resorption configuration in the area of the 1st mandibular molar. The following conclusions were drawn: 1 the great majority of alveolar ridges were distally descending; 2 the average angle was wider for users of mandibular removable partial dentures; 3 the results obtained suggest that the type of opposing maxillary arch affects the inclination of mandibular ridges; 4 greater inclination was observed when the 2nd bicuspids of the mandible were the abutment teeth; 5 no significant correlation was established between age, sex and residual ridge resorption.Esta pesquisa constatou a prevalência dos tipos de rebordos residuais no sentido ântero-posterior em extremidades livres inferiores, além de correlacionar alguns fatores que possam influenciar as suas reabsorções. Para isso, utilizamos radiografias periapicais e dados individuais colhidos na amostra de 64 hemiarcos; foram obtidas 2 radiografias de cada área de extremidade livre e, a partir de traçados, determinamos os ângulos formados pela reabsorção na altura do 1º molar inferior. Podemos constatar que: 1º a grande maioria de inclinação encontrada foi de rebordos descendentes para distal; 2º a média de angulação foi maior para usuários de prótese parcial removível inferior; 3º os resultados sugeriram existir influência do tipo de arco antagônico superior na inclinação dos rebordos inferiores; 4º observou-se aumento de inclinação quando os segundos pré-molares inferiores eram os dentes adjacentes ao espaço protético; e 5º não foram encontradas correlações significantes entre idade, sexo e reabsorção do rebordo residual.

  7. Contaminant resorption during soil washing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the applicability of soil washing to a specific site requires some basic research in how contaminants are bound. Much can be learned from sequential extraction methodology based on micronutrient bioavailability studies wherein the soil matrix is chemically dissected to selectively remove particular fixation mechanisms independently. This procedure uses a series of progressively more aggressive solvents to dissolve the principle phases that make up a soil, however, the published studies do not appear to consider the potential for a contaminant released from one type of site to resorb on another site during an extraction. This physical model assumes no ion exchange or adsorption at sites either previously occupied by other ions, or exposed by the dissolution. Therefore, to make engineering use of the sequential extraction data, the release of contamination must be evaluated relative to the effects of resorption. Time release studies were conducted to determine the optimum duration for extraction to maximize complete destruction of the target matrix fraction while minimizing contaminant resorption. Tests with and without a potassium brine present to inhibit cesium resorption indicated extraction efficiency could be enhanced by as much as a factor of ten using the brine

  8. Alveolar process reconstruction after tooth extraction by orthodontic indications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovalev ?.?.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study is to determine indications for alveolar bone reconstruction after tooth extraction according to orthodontic indications. Material and methods. 62 patients (first maturity level with dental arch asymmetry due to loss of a premolar on one side of the mouth were examined and treated. Frontal-diagonal coefficient of the dental arch was used to determine the correlation between tooth size and dental arch parameters. Results. It has been demonstrated that changes of the alveolar ridge following the extraction of the first premolars in patients of the experimental group were less significant as compared with the controls. Conclusion. It is reasonable to apply this method simultaneously with the removal of a tooth for orthodontic indications or when the alveolar ridge in the post-extraction socket leaves insufficient bone volume.

  9. Dry Socket (Alveolar Osteitis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dry Socket (Alveolar Osteitis) What Is It? Symptoms Diagnosis Expected Duration Prevention Treatment When To Call a Professional Prognosis Additional Info What Is It? Dry socket is a problem that can occur after you ...

  10. Microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Javier Vallejo García

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar (MAP es una enfermedad rara caracterizada por la presencia difusa y bilateral de microlitos de fosfato de calcio en el interior de los espacios alveolares. La progresión de esta enfermedad potencialmente letal, es lenta y la mayoría de los pacientes permanecen asintomáticos por años o décadas, resultando en deterioro lento de sus funciones pulmonares. El hallazgo de la radiografía de tórax en "tormenta de arena" es característico de la entidad. Recientemente se identificaron mutaciones en el gen SLC34A2, que codifica para el cotransportador tipo IIb de fosfato sódico, como responsable de la enfermedad. De los casi 600 casos, sólo seis han sido reportados en Colombia. Nosotros presentamos un caso de microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar en un hombre de 27 años, con dificultad respiratoria progresiva, cuyo diagnóstico se hizo por los hallazgos radiográficos y se confirmó por biopsia transbronquial. En el seguimiento durante dos años, evolucionó hacia el deterioro de su función respiratoria y es candidato a trasplante de pulmón.Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease characterized by the diffuse and bilateral presence of calcium phosphate microlite in the alveolar spaces. The progression of this potentially lethal disease is show and most of the patients remain asymptomatic during years or decades, resulting in a show deterioration of the pulmonary function. The typical finding of the "sand storm" in the chest X-ray is characteristic of this entity. Mutations in the SLC34A2 gene that does the coding for the type II co-transporter of sodium phosphate were identified as responsible for this disease. Of the almost 600 cases, only 6 have been reported in Colombia. We are presenting a case of pulmonary alveolar microlite in a 27 year old man, with progressive respiratory distress whose diagnosis was made by the X-ray findings and confirmed by trans bronchial biopsy. In the 2 years follow-up, shows evolution towards deterioration of his respiratory function making him a candidate for lung transplantation.

  11. Microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar / Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Franco Javier, Vallejo García; Alejandro, Vallejo García; Maximiliano, Parra.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available La microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar (MAP) es una enfermedad rara caracterizada por la presencia difusa y bilateral de microlitos de fosfato de calcio en el interior de los espacios alveolares. La progresión de esta enfermedad potencialmente letal, es lenta y la mayoría de los pacientes permanecen asi [...] ntomáticos por años o décadas, resultando en deterioro lento de sus funciones pulmonares. El hallazgo de la radiografía de tórax en "tormenta de arena" es característico de la entidad. Recientemente se identificaron mutaciones en el gen SLC34A2, que codifica para el cotransportador tipo IIb de fosfato sódico, como responsable de la enfermedad. De los casi 600 casos, sólo seis han sido reportados en Colombia. Nosotros presentamos un caso de microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar en un hombre de 27 años, con dificultad respiratoria progresiva, cuyo diagnóstico se hizo por los hallazgos radiográficos y se confirmó por biopsia transbronquial. En el seguimiento durante dos años, evolucionó hacia el deterioro de su función respiratoria y es candidato a trasplante de pulmón. Abstract in english Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease characterized by the diffuse and bilateral presence of calcium phosphate microlite in the alveolar spaces. The progression of this potentially lethal disease is show and most of the patients remain asymptomatic during years or decades, result [...] ing in a show deterioration of the pulmonary function. The typical finding of the "sand storm" in the chest X-ray is characteristic of this entity. Mutations in the SLC34A2 gene that does the coding for the type II co-transporter of sodium phosphate were identified as responsible for this disease. Of the almost 600 cases, only 6 have been reported in Colombia. We are presenting a case of pulmonary alveolar microlite in a 27 year old man, with progressive respiratory distress whose diagnosis was made by the X-ray findings and confirmed by trans bronchial biopsy. In the 2 years follow-up, shows evolution towards deterioration of his respiratory function making him a candidate for lung transplantation.

  12. An interdisciplinary management of severely resorbed maxillary anterior ridge complicated by traumatic bite using a ridge splitting technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Narender Dev; Maheshwari, Sandhya; Chaudhari, Prabhat Kumar; Rathi, Shraddha

    2015-01-01

    Injury to the teeth and alveolar ridge of the maxillary anterior region due to trauma can cause severe alveolar ridge deficiency. Ridge augmentation is a valuable periodontal plastic surgical method for the correction of ridge defects for esthetic purpose. Although ridge augmentation can help to restore the ridge volume, the grafting procedures can significantly increase the patient morbidity, treatment time, and the cost. Among the ridge augmentation techniques, the ridge split procedure demonstrates many benefits such as no need for donor site, the rare risk of damage to underlying anatomical structures, less pain, and swelling. This case report presents a vertical split technique for increasing the bone volume. There was a remarkable healing and significant increase in bone volume. We have followed the case for 6 months. PMID:25810602

  13. The influence of ovariectomy, simvastatin and sodium alendronate on alveolar bone in rats Influência da ovariectomia, da sinvastatina e do alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Lia Anbinder; Fernanda de Almeida Prado; Marcela de Almeida Prado; Ivan Balducci; Rosilene Fernandes da Rocha

    2007-01-01

    Bisphosphonates are currently used in the treatment of many diseases involving increased bone resorption such as osteoporosis. Statins have been widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and recent studies have shown that these drugs are also capable of stimulating bone formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of an estrogen deficient state and the effects of simvastatin and sodium alendronate therapies on alveolar bone in female rats. Fifty-four rats wer...

  14. Combined method of treating a complete absence of teeth in the mandible and the prevention of alveolar atrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perunov A.Y.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available An alternative fully removable laminar prosthesis on the lower jaw design with poor fixation and sharp atrophy of alveolar ridge - a combined denture with girder construction of titanium, fixed on the implants

  15. Resorption of roots of different dimension induced by different types of forces

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Osmar Aparecido, Cuoghi; Carlos Alberto, Aiello; Alberto, Consolaro; Pedro Marcelo, Tondelli; Marcos Rogério de, Mendonça.

    2014-06-11

    Full Text Available Root resorption is a variable to be considered in induced tooth movement (ITM). It is related to root morphology and alveolar bone crest, and also to the types of forces exerted by mechanotherapy. This histometric study evaluated the predominance of root resorption among roots of different dimension [...] s, following ITM with different types of forces and at different time intervals. The study was conducted on 54 rats divided into three groups, according to the type of force: continuous (CF), continuous interrupted (CIF) and intermittent (IF), at periods of 5, 7 and 9 days. The percentage of resorption between mesiobuccal roots of larger dimension and intermediate roots of smaller dimension was assessed. The evaluations were performed on the AxioVision software, and the non-parametric analysis of variance for repeated measures in independent groups was further applied, consisting of a scheme of two factors, and complemented by the Dunn test at a significance level of 5%. The intermediate roots presented a higher percentage of resorption, which was gradual at the periods evaluated for the three types of forces, but mainly for CF. Comparing the intermediate roots with the mesiobuccal roots, there was a statistically significant difference (p 0.05) in individually analyzed roots.

  16. Preeruptive intracoronal resorption observed in 13 patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Inger; Steiniche, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    The literature on preeruptive intracoronal resorption is sparse, comprising mainly reports of single patients. This study includes 13 patients with preeruptive intracoronal resorption, forwarded for consultation regarding diagnostics and etiology. The purposes were to determine which teeth are affected by the condition and describe how the defect is manifested radiographically.

  17. Generalized Familial Crown Resorptions in Unerupted Teeth

    OpenAIRE

    Miloglu, Ozkan; Goregen, Mustafa; Akgul, Hayati Murat; Harorli, Abubekir

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports the case of 2 sisters with generalized familial crown resorptions, including co-occurrence of familial dental abnormalities of severe crown resorption, failure of eruption, and congenitally missing teeth, which have not been described earlier in the literature.

  18. Restoration of the maxillary anterior tooth using immediate implantation with simultaneous ridge augmentation

    OpenAIRE

    Park Jun-Beom

    2010-01-01

    Atrophy is most severe during the first month of post-extraction in the anterior maxilla with the degree of horizontal bone resorption being nearly twice as high as that of vertical bone resorption. The loss of the buccal alveolar plate following tooth extraction may lead to palatal implant positioning of the implants. Thus, immediate or early implant placement in the extraction socket has been suggested, because it would reduce the time period and the number of surgical intervention and yiel...

  19. Predisposing factors to severe external root resorption associated to orthodontic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gracemia Vasconcelos Picanço

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate predisposing factors among patients who developed moderate or severe external root resorption (Malmgren's grades 3 and 4, on the maxillary incisors, during fixed orthodontic treatment in the permanent dentition. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients who underwent orthodontic treatment with fixed edgewise appliances were selected. Patients were divided into two groups: G1 - 50 patients with no root resorption or presenting only apical irregularities (Malmgren's grades 0 and 1 at the end of the treatment, with mean initial age of 16.79 years and mean treatment time of 3.21 years; G2 - 49 patients presenting moderate or severe root resorption (Malmgren's grades 3 and 4 at the end of treatment on the maxillary incisors, with mean initial age of 19.92 years and mean treatment time of 3.98 years. Periapical radiographs and lateral cephalograms were evaluated. Factors that could influence the occurrence of severe root resorption were also recorded. Statistical analysis included chi-square tests, Fisher's exact test and independent t tests. RESULTS: The results demonstrated significant difference between the groups for the variables: Extractions, initial degree of root resorption, root length and crown/root ratio at the beginning, and cortical thickness of the alveolar bone. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that: Presence of root resorption before the beginning of treatment, extractions, reduced root length, decreased crown/root ratio and thin alveolar bone represent risk factors for severe root resorption in maxillary incisors during orthodontic treatment.OBJETIVO: avaliar os fatores comuns aos pacientes que desenvolveram reabsorção radicular externa moderada ou severa (graus 3 e 4 de Malmgren nos incisivos superiores, durante o tratamento ortodôntico fixo na dentição permanente. MÉTODOS: foram selecionados 99 pacientes que iniciaram o tratamento ortodôntico fixo com a técnica Edgewise. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: G1 - 50 pacientes que concluíram o tratamento com ausência de reabsorções radiculares ou apresentando apenas irregularidades apicais (graus 0 e 1 de Malmgren, com idade média inicial de 16,79 anos e tempo de tratamento médio de 3,21 anos; G2 - 49 pacientes que finalizaram o tratamento apresentando reabsorção radicular moderada ou severa (graus 3 e 4 de Malmgren nos incisivos superiores, com idade média inicial de 19,92 anos e tempo de tratamento médio de 3,98 anos. As radiografias periapicais e telerradiografias foram avaliadas, além de diversos fatores que pudessem influenciar a ocorrência de uma reabsorção severa. A análise estatística incluiu o testes qui-quadrado, teste exato de Fisher e teste t independente. RESULTADOS: foi demonstrada a presença de diferença significativa entre os grupos para as variáveis realização de extrações, grau de reabsorção radicular inicial, comprimento radicular, proporção coroa/raiz e da espessura da cortical óssea alveolar. CONCLUSÃO: pode-se concluir que são fatores de risco para reabsorção radicular severa nos incisivos superiores, durante o tratamento ortodôntico, a presença de reabsorção radicular antes do início do tratamento, a realização de extrações, o comprimento radicular reduzido, a proporção coroa/raiz diminuída e a espessura óssea alveolar fina.

  20. Predisposing factors to severe external root resorption associated to orthodontic treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gracemia Vasconcelos, Picanço; Karina Maria Salvatore de, Freitas; Rodrigo Hermont, Cançado; Fabricio Pinelli, Valarelli; Paulo Roberto Barroso, Picanço; Camila Pontes, Feijão.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar os fatores comuns aos pacientes que desenvolveram reabsorção radicular externa moderada ou severa (graus 3 e 4 de Malmgren) nos incisivos superiores, durante o tratamento ortodôntico fixo na dentição permanente. MÉTODOS: foram selecionados 99 pacientes que iniciaram o tratamento or [...] todôntico fixo com a técnica Edgewise. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: G1 - 50 pacientes que concluíram o tratamento com ausência de reabsorções radiculares ou apresentando apenas irregularidades apicais (graus 0 e 1 de Malmgren), com idade média inicial de 16,79 anos e tempo de tratamento médio de 3,21 anos; G2 - 49 pacientes que finalizaram o tratamento apresentando reabsorção radicular moderada ou severa (graus 3 e 4 de Malmgren) nos incisivos superiores, com idade média inicial de 19,92 anos e tempo de tratamento médio de 3,98 anos. As radiografias periapicais e telerradiografias foram avaliadas, além de diversos fatores que pudessem influenciar a ocorrência de uma reabsorção severa. A análise estatística incluiu o testes qui-quadrado, teste exato de Fisher e teste t independente. RESULTADOS: foi demonstrada a presença de diferença significativa entre os grupos para as variáveis realização de extrações, grau de reabsorção radicular inicial, comprimento radicular, proporção coroa/raiz e da espessura da cortical óssea alveolar. CONCLUSÃO: pode-se concluir que são fatores de risco para reabsorção radicular severa nos incisivos superiores, durante o tratamento ortodôntico, a presença de reabsorção radicular antes do início do tratamento, a realização de extrações, o comprimento radicular reduzido, a proporção coroa/raiz diminuída e a espessura óssea alveolar fina. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate predisposing factors among patients who developed moderate or severe external root resorption (Malmgren's grades 3 and 4), on the maxillary incisors, during fixed orthodontic treatment in the permanent dentition. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients who unde [...] rwent orthodontic treatment with fixed edgewise appliances were selected. Patients were divided into two groups: G1 - 50 patients with no root resorption or presenting only apical irregularities (Malmgren's grades 0 and 1) at the end of the treatment, with mean initial age of 16.79 years and mean treatment time of 3.21 years; G2 - 49 patients presenting moderate or severe root resorption (Malmgren's grades 3 and 4) at the end of treatment on the maxillary incisors, with mean initial age of 19.92 years and mean treatment time of 3.98 years. Periapical radiographs and lateral cephalograms were evaluated. Factors that could influence the occurrence of severe root resorption were also recorded. Statistical analysis included chi-square tests, Fisher's exact test and independent t tests. RESULTS: The results demonstrated significant difference between the groups for the variables: Extractions, initial degree of root resorption, root length and crown/root ratio at the beginning, and cortical thickness of the alveolar bone. CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that: Presence of root resorption before the beginning of treatment, extractions, reduced root length, decreased crown/root ratio and thin alveolar bone represent risk factors for severe root resorption in maxillary incisors during orthodontic treatment.

  1. Immunology of root resorption: A literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Luciano; Guimaraes Carolina; Santos Roberto

    2008-01-01

    Root resorption seems to be related to a complex combination of mechanical factors and biological activity, which comprehends the role of immunologic structures including specialized cells. The aim of this research was to explain the development of the process - from mineralization to the destruction of hard tissues - and the possible relationship between root resorption and immunology, along with discussing current concepts described in the literature.

  2. Regional Aggressive Root Resorption Caused by Neuronal Virus Infection

    OpenAIRE

    Inger Kjær; Carsten Strøm; Nils Worsaae

    2012-01-01

    During orthodontic treatment, root resorption can occur unexplainably. No clear distinction has been made between resorption located within specific regions and resorption occurring generally in the dentition. The purpose is to present cases with idiopathic (of unknown origin) root resorption occurring regionally. Two cases of female patients, 26 and 28 years old, referred with aggressive root resorption were investigated clinically and radiographically. Anamnestic information revealed severe...

  3. The four mechanisms of dental resorption initiation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto, Consolaro.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho propõe-se a apresentar uma classificação, com aplicação clínica, para as reabsorções dentárias, para que o diagnóstico seja objetivo e imediatamente ligado à causa do problema, levando automaticamente o clínico ao provável plano de tratamento e a um prognóstico preciso. Com esse [...] objetivo, sugerimos agrupar cada caso clínico de reabsorção dentária em um dos seguintes grupos: 1) Reabsorções radiculares pela morte dos cementoblastos, com manutenção dos restos epiteliais de Malassez. 2) Reabsorções radiculares pela morte dos cementoblastos e dos restos epiteliais de Malassez. 3) Reabsorções dentárias pela morte dos odontoblastos, com manutenção da vitalidade pulpar. 4) Reabsorções dentárias pela exposição direta da dentina ao tecido conjuntivo gengival, nos gaps da junção amelocementária. Abstract in english The aim of this study is to present a classification with a clinical application for root resorption, so that diagnosis will be more objective and immediately linked to the source of the problem, leading the clinician to automatically develop the likely treatment plan with a precise prognosis. With [...] this purpose, we suggest putting together all diagnosed dental resorptions into one of these four criteria: 1) Root resorption caused by cementoblast cell death, with preservation of the Malassez epithelial rests. 2) Root resorption by cementoblasts and Malassez epithelial rests death. 3) Dental resorption by odontoblasts cell death with preservation of pulp vitality. 4) Dental resorption by direct exposure of dentin to gingival connective tissue at the cementoenamel junction gaps.

  4. Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis

    OpenAIRE

    Razi, E.; Ehteram, H.; Talari, H. R.

    2006-01-01

    A 40-year-old male patient was referred with a history of exertional shortness of breath since a few years ago. Spirometric findings were consistent with a restrictive ventilatory defect. Plain chest radiographs showed sand-like opacities throughout both lungs predominantly in the lower zones. Computerized tomographic scan revealed diffuse bilateral calcified fine nodular pattern. The diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis was confirmed by transbronchial biopsy.

  5. Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Razi

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available A 40-year-old male patient was referred with a history of exertional shortness of breath since a few years ago. Spirometric findings were consistent with a restrictive ventilatory defect. Plain chest radiographs showed sand-like opacities throughout both lungs predominantly in the lower zones. Computerized tomographic scan revealed diffuse bilateral calcified fine nodular pattern. The diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis was confirmed by transbronchial biopsy.

  6. [Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jouneau, S; Kerjouan, M; Briens, E; Lenormand, J-P; Meunier, C; Letheulle, J; Chiforeanu, D; Lainé-Caroff, C; Desrues, B; Delaval, P

    2014-12-01

    Alveolar proteinosis (AP) is a rare disease characterized by alveolar accumulation of surfactant components, which impairs gas exchange. AP is classified into three groups: auto-immune AP defined by the presence of plasma autoantibodies anti-GM-CSF, the most frequent form (90% of all AP); secondary AP, mainly occurring as a consequence of haematological diseases, or following on from toxic inhalation or infections, and genetic AP, which affects almost exclusively children. AP diagnosis is suspected where chest CT-scan demonstrates interstitial lung disease with a crazy paving aspect; and confirmed by bronchoalveolar lavage, which has a milky appearance and contains periodic acid Schiff positive proteinaceous alveolar deposits. The use of surgical lung biopsy to confirm AP is less frequent nowadays. In this context, positive antibodies against GM-CSF indicates an auto-immune etiology of the AP. Concerning management, whole lung lavage is the gold standard therapy. In refractory AP, new treatments are available such as subcutaneous or inhaled GM-CSF supplementation, or rituximab infusions. The clinical course is unpredictable. Spontaneous improvement or even cure can occur, and the 5-year actuarial survival is 95%. The most frequent complications are infectious etiology. PMID:25496792

  7. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease characterized by the diffuse and bilateral presence of calcium phosphate microlite in the alveolar spaces. The progression of this potentially lethal disease is show and most of the patients remain asymptomatic during years or decades, resulting in a show deterioration of the pulmonary function. The typical finding of the sand storm in the chest X-ray is characteristic of this entity. Mutations in the SLC34A2 gene that does the coding for the type II co-transporter of sodium phosphate were identified as responsible for this disease. Of the almost 600 cases, only 6 have been reported in Colombia. We are presenting a case of pulmonary alveolar microlite in a 27 year old man, with progressive respiratory distress whose diagnosis was made by the X-ray findings and confirmed by trans bronchial biopsy. In the 2 years follow-up, shows evolution towards deterioration of his respiratory function making him a candidate for lung transplantation.

  8. Measuring mandibular ridge reduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This thesis investigates the mandibular reduction in height of complete denture wearers and overdenture wearers. To follow this reduction in the anterior region as well as in the lateral sections of the mandible, an accurate and reproducible measuring method is a prerequisite. A radiologic technique offers the best chance. A survey is given of the literature concerning the resorption process after the extraction of teeth. An oblique cephalometric radiographic technique is introduced as a promising method to measure mandibular ridge reduction. The reproducibility and the accuracy of the technique are determined. The reproducibility in the positioning of the mandible is improved by the introduction of a mandibular support which permits a precise repositioning of the edentulous jaw, even after long periods of investigation. (Auth.)

  9. A Comparative Study of Bone Resorption between Implant Placement Sites and Non-Implant Placement Sites after Autogenous Block Bone Grafts in the Anterior Maxilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jisi Zheng

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the bone resorption differences between implant placement sites (IPS and non-implant placement sites (NIPS after autogenous block bone grafts in the anterior maxilla. Fourteen patients (58 edentulous sites with alveolar atrophy in the anterior maxilla were treated with autogenous block bone grafts. CBCT examinations were performed at 1 month before surgery (T0, immediately after surgery (T1, 3 to 4 months after surgery (T2, 6 to 7 months after surgery before implant placement (T3, 12 to 13 months after surgery (T4, and the longest follow-up point (T5. Alveolar crestal and basal bone width (ACBW, ABBW, and alveolar bone height (ABH were measured and divided into IPS (30 sites and NIPS (28 sites. All results were compared by the Wilcoxon Signed Rank test. The bone resorption changes for both groups were the same. For these three parameters, ACBW didn’t change significantly from T2 to T3 and T4 to T5, ABBW didn’t change at every period from T2 to T5, and ABH didn’t change from T4 to T5. The bone resorption volume of ACBW and ABH in NIPS were more than in IPS after implant placement surgery, while the volume of ABBW was similar in both groups. At T5, the bone resorption percentages of ACBW, ABBW, and ABH were 25.57%, 16.85% and 43.84% in IPS, and 33.55%, 15.92% and 46.44% in NIPS. A more rapid loss of alveolar crest in NIPS resulted from implant placement surgery, and this reminded us of the importance of immediate implant placement.

  10. A Comparative Study of Bone Resorption between Implant Placement Sites and Non-Implant Placement Sites after Autogenous Block Bone Grafts in the Anterior Maxilla

    OpenAIRE

    Jisi Zheng; Shanyong Zhang; Huaihai Fan; Eryi Lu; Chi Yang; Jingyang Zhao

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the bone resorption differences between implant placement sites (IPS) and non-implant placement sites (NIPS) after autogenous block bone grafts in the anterior maxilla. Fourteen patients (58 edentulous sites) with alveolar atrophy in the anterior maxilla were treated with autogenous block bone grafts. CBCT examinations were performed at 1 month before surgery (T0), immediately after surgery (T1), 3 to 4 months after surgery (T2), 6 to 7 months after surger...

  11. Radiographic evaluation of apical root resorption following fixed orthodontic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sina Haghanifar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Apical root resorption is an adverse side effect of fixed orthodontic treatment which cannot be repaired. The aim of this study was to use panoramic radiographs to compare the root resorption before and after the orthodontic treatment with standard edgewise .018 appliance.Materials and Methods: The before and after treatment panoramic views of sixty-three patients needed fixed orthodontic treatment included 1520 teeth were categorized into 3 Grades (G0: without resorption, G1: mild resorption with blunt roots or ? 1/4 of root length, G2: moderate to severe resorption or > 1/4 to 1/2 of root length. Relationship between root resorption and sex and treatment duration was analyzed with Mann-whitney and Spearman's correlation coefficient, respectively.Results: The findings showed that 345 teeth were categorized as Grade 1. Grade 2 of root resorption was not found in this study. The highest amount of root resorption was recorded for the mandibular lateral incisor. In both gender, the root resorption of the mandible was more than that of the maxilla. The males showed significantly higher rate of resorption than the females (P0.05.Conclusion: The mandible and male patients showed higher amount of root resorption. In addition, root resorption was not related to the treatment duration and the side of the jaws.

  12. Regional aggressive root resorption caused by neuronal virus infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Inger; StrØm, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    During orthodontic treatment, root resorption can occur unexplainably. No clear distinction has been made between resorption located within specific regions and resorption occurring generally in the dentition. The purpose is to present cases with idiopathic (of unknown origin) root resorption occurring regionally. Two cases of female patients, 26 and 28 years old, referred with aggressive root resorption were investigated clinically and radiographically. Anamnestic information revealed severe virus diseases during childhood, meningitis in one case and whooping cough in the other. One of the patients was treated with dental implants. Virus spreading along nerve paths is a possible explanation for the unexpected resorptions. In both cases, the resorptions began cervically. The extent of the resorption processes in the dentition followed the virus infected nerve paths and the resorption process stopped when reaching regions that were innervated differently and not infected by virus. In one case, histological examination revealed multinuclear dentinoclasts. The pattern of resorption in the two cases indicates that innervation is a factor, which under normal conditions may protect the root surface against resorption. Therefore, the normal nerve pattern is important for diagnostics and for predicting the course of severe unexpected root resorption.

  13. Multiple Congenital Epulis of the Mandibular Ridge: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Gharavi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital epulis is a very rare benign soft-tissue tumor of uncertain histogenesis, which is also known as “gingival granular cell tumor of the newborn”. It occurs almost exclusively as a single tumor along the alveolar ridge of the maxilla in newborn females. Although congenital epulis is strikingly similar to the more common adult granular cell tumor histologically, in contrast to the latter congenital epulis cells are negative for S-100 protein. This case report describes a 15-day-old female infant with multiple congenital epulis of the mandibular alveolar ridge.

  14. A feasibility study of applying cone-beam computed tomography to observe dimensional changes in human alveolar bone*

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Bei; Wang, Yao; Li, Jun

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of applying cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to observe dimensional changes in human alveolar bone continuously after tooth extraction. Sixty patients were selected from a CBCT database. Each patient had two CBCT scans (CBCT I and CBCT II), one taken before and one taken after implant surgery. A fixed anatomic reference point was used to orient the horizontal slice of the two scans. The alveolar ridge width was measured on the h...

  15. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE

    OpenAIRE

    Niculescu, V.; Rodica Torok-Oance; Niculescu, M.

    2001-01-01

    The morpho – functional complex that ensures the fastening of teeth to sockets, called parodontium, is constituted of the alveolar bone, alveolodental ligament, radicular cement and gingiva, which transmit the chewing forces to the resistance functional structures within the cranium’s architectonics. This work presents the structural features of the alveolar bone, both from maxilla’s alveolar process level and mandible’s alveolar edge level. The alveolar bone is generally characterize...

  16. Alveolar proteinosis in Behçet's disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetikkurt Cuneyt

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 51-year-old man with Behçet's disease complained of fever, dry cough and dyspnea during exertion. Chest CT showed ground glass opacities with interstitial septal thickening in both lungs. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL revealed amorphous and lipoproteinaceous material that was periodic acid-Schiff (PAS stain positive. Transbronchial biopsy specimen demonstrated PAS positive alveolar eosinophilic material consistent with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Serum anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF antibody was negative. Recent studies have reported anti-GMCSF not present in the the serum of patients with secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP but they have not reported so in patients with idiopathic PAP. We report a case of alveolar proteinosis in the setting of Behçet's disease with spontaneous remission.

  17. Periapical tissue reactions to calcium hydroxide and MTA after external root resorption as a sequela of delayed tooth replantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marão, Heloisa Fonseca; Panzarini, Sônia Regina; Aranega, Alessandra Marcondes; Sonoda, Celso Koogi; Poi, Wilson Roberto; Esteves, Jônatas Caldeiras; Silva, Pedro Ivo Santos

    2012-08-01

    Clinical experience has shown that most avulsed teeth are replanted after a long extra-alveolar time and dry or inadequate wet storage, causing necrosis of periodontal ligament cells. This condition invariably leads to development of external root resorption, leaving the filling material in contact with the periapical connective tissues. In this study, the periapical tissue reactions to calcium hydroxide (CH) and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) were evaluated after occurrence of external root resorption as an expected sequela of delayed tooth replantation. Twenty male Wistar rats (Rattus norvegicus, albinus) had their right upper incisor extracted and maintained in dry storage for 60 min. Then, the dental papilla, enamel organ, pulp tissue, and periodontal ligament were removed, and the teeth were immersed in a 2% acidulated phosphate sodium fluoride solution, pH 5.5, for 10 min. The teeth were randomly assigned into two groups (n = 10), in which the canals were filled with either a CH and saline paste (CH group) or MTA (MTA group). The sockets were irrigated with saline, and the teeth were replanted. After 80 days, it was possible to observe large areas of replacement root resorption and some areas of inflammatory root resorption in both groups. More severe inflammatory tissue reaction was observed in contact with calcium hydroxide compared with the mineral trioxide aggregate. New bone formation was more intense at the bottom of the socket in the MTA group. In conclusion, as far as periapical tissue compatibility is concerned, intracanal MTA can be considered as a viable option for root canal filling in delayed tooth replantation, in which external root resorption is an expected sequela. PMID:22151580

  18. Proteinosis alveolar pulmonar, caso clínico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    TERESA, PARAM S; MANUEL, FLORES S; JUAN PABLO, BOLBARAN S; ARMANDO, DÍAZ C; JUAN CARLOS, ACUÑA H; LAURA, OCHOA M.

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available La Proteinosis Alveolar Pulmonar es una patología poco frecuente, especialmente en la edad pediátrica, caracterizada por acumulación de material lipoproteináceo proveniente del surfactante en los macrófagos alveolares. Objetivo: Comunicar un caso de proteinosis pulmonar en el cual el uso de la fibro [...] broncoscopía (FB) permitió el diagnóstico y el tratamiento. Caso Clínico: Escolar de 7 años, que consulta por un cuadro febril, en la cual se plantea inicialmente el diagnóstico de neumonía. Ante la mala evolución, con aumento de las imágenes radiológicas de tipo nodular, el ascenso de los niveles de LDH en plasma, y la mínima sintomatología clínica respiratoria, se planteó el diagnóstico de proteinosis alveolar, realizando una FB con lavado alveolar. Las tinciones de Sudán y PAS confirmaron la sospecha diagnóstica, lo cual fue apoyado por la mejoría radiológica y clínica de la paciente. Discusión: Se discute las formas clínicas de presentación, los hallazgos clínicos, radiológicos y de laboratorio que permiten plantear el diagnóstico. Se destaca el rol de la fibrobroncoscopía como método diagnóstico y terapéutico Abstract in english Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis. Case-report Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare pathology in children, characterized by the presence of lipoprotein material becoming from surfactants in alveolar macrophages. Objetive: Describe a clinical case of pulmonary proteinosis, in which fibrobronchoscopy [...] (FB) allowed diagnosis and treatment. Case-report: A 7 years-old boy with fever and diagnostic presumption of pneumonia. The evolution was not favorable, in terms of increase in nodular images on chest X-ray and increase in LDH plasmatic level, with few respiratory symptoms. The diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was suspected, performing a FB with bronchoalveolar lavage, where Sudán and PAS colouring confirmed the diagnosis. Discussion: Analysis of clinical presentations, laboratory findings and chest images that suggest the diagnosis. It is important to point out the role of FB in diagnosis and treatment

  19. Multidimensional scaling for orthodontic root resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Cristina Baleanu; Dumitru Baleanu; Tenreiro Machado, J. A.; Elena Preoteasa; Cristina Teodora Preoteasa; Ecaterina Ionescu

    2013-01-01

    The paper investigates the risk factors for the severity of orthodontic root resorption. The multidimensional scaling (MDS) visualization method is used to investigate the experimental data from patients who received orthodontic treatment at the Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Faculty of Dentistry, “Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, during a period of 4 years. The clusters emerging in the MDS plots reveal features and properties not easily captured...

  20. Root resorption : Focus on signs and symptoms of importance for avoiding root resorption during orthodontic treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, Inger

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This paper summarizes the different conditions, which have a well-known influence on the resorption of tooth roots, exemplified by trauma and orthodontic treatment. The concept of the paper is to summarize and explain symptoms and signs of importance for avoiding resorption during orthodontic treatment. The Hypothesis: The hypothesis in this paper is that three different tissue layers covering the root in the so-called periroot sheet can explain signs and symptoms of importance for avoiding root resorption during orthodontic treatment. These different tissue layers are; outermost-an ectodermal tissue layer (Malassez?s epithelium), a middle layer-composed by the collagen-mesodermal tissue layer, and an innermost root-close innervation layer. Abnormalities in one of these tissue layers are thought to cause inflammatory processes in the periodontal membrane comparable to inflammatory processes provoked by trauma and orthodontic pressure. Inflammatory reactions are followed by resorptive processes in the periroot sheet and along the root surface. Evaluation of the Hypothesis: Different morphologies in the dentition are signs of abnormal epithelium or an abnormal mesodermal layer. It has formerly been demonstrated how demyelinization of the myelin sheaths in the peripheral nerves close to the root provoke resorption. Accordingly, conditions affecting these tissue layers can be associated not only with different morphologies but also with general symptoms and diseases (e.g., ectodermal dysplasia and hypophosphatasia).

  1. External cervical resorption: clinical case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Hansel

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available External cervical resorption (ECR is an invasive type of resorption that begins below the gingival epithelium and affects mineralized tissues, e.g., cementum and dentin. Most authors refer to dental trauma, whitening agents, and orthodontic treatment as etiologic factors of ECR; clinical diagnosis is performed via inspection of the gingival groove and margin. In this scenario, cone beam computed tomography has become a highly valuable ancillary method, as it allows to assess the proximity between the resorption and the pulp cavity, and thus, plan treatment. This article describes, in the form of a clinical case report, the diagnosis and treatment of a case of ECR affecting tooth no. 11, classified as Class III according to Heitersay’s classification. Surgical approach, restoration and clinical follow-up over 2-years of follow-up are described. In view of the clinical and radiographic findings observed during follow-up, it can be concluded that treatment was successful in healing periodontal tissues, suggesting a good prognosis.

  2. Tomographic STED microscopy to study bone resorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguchi, Takahiro; Koho, Sami V.; Näreoja, Tuomas; Peltonen, Juha; Hänninen, Pekka

    2015-03-01

    We present a tomographic Stimulated Emission Depletion (STED) microscopy method with three-dimensional superresolution, and its application to osteoclast bone resorption study. In order to improve axial resolution in standard STED system by tomography, two axial projections were obtained by imaging a sample at two different angles; one conventionally from below and another from the side. The second observation was acquired via a metal-coated silicon mirror, positioned above the region of interest by a custom-built micro-positioner. The acquired two sets of 3D stacks were computationally registered and fused, with our own in-house-developed software, to produce a 3D tomogram with three-dimensional super-resolution. With the presented tomographic super-resolution method we optically investigated actin cytoskeleton through thin and smooth bone layer, particularly at ruffled boarders (RB), which are directly associated with active bone resorption in osteoclasts. Tomographic STED microscopy at RB of osteoclast, cultured on thin bone layer, demonstrated axial resolution of approx. 210 nm, revealing fine axial structures of actin cytoskeleton at RB. Further investigation of the cytoskeleton at RB in relation with associated proteins would provide understanding in the protein roles during the bone resorption.

  3. Association of type 2 diabetes mellitus with the reduction of mandibular residual ridge among edentulous patients using panoramic radiographs

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    Osama Al-Jabrah

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and the reduction of mandibular residual ridge in completely edentulous patients wearing complete dentures and to investigate the ef-fect of gender, age and years of edentulousness / den-ture wearing on ridge resorption on both groups. Methods:Seventy-two (36 men and 36 women with a mean age 63.5 years (range of 52 to 73 years com-pletely edentulous denture-wearing patients were included in this study. Of these, there were 40 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 32 control subjects participated in the study. Resorption in the mandibular residual ridges was assessed by using the mental foramen and the inferior border of the mandible, as they appear in panoramic radiographs, as reference points using Wical and Swoope Analysis method. Measurements were performed using “Dijite” Digital Caliper. The amount of mandibular ridge resorption was calculated and correlated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and the results were compared with control group. Differences in gender, age and years of edentulousness were investigated. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (V11.0. A 2-sample t-test was used to evaluate the differences in mean values of mandibular ridge resorption between diabetics and controls. Level of significance was set at 0.05. Results: The mean mandibular residual ridge resorption of all participants is 8.0 mm (26.9%, diabetic group significantly (P < 0.01 had two times more resorption compared with control group (35.8% versus 18.0%. Females recorded greater amount of resorption in diabetics 49.7% versus 21.8% (P < 0.001 and in controls 22.3% versus 13.7%, (P < 0.05 compared to males, respectively. There were no differences in both groups regarding the age of subjects and the length of time they have been edentulous and years of denture wearing. The amount of mandibular residual ridge resorption was directly related to the number of years of edentulousness. Conclusion: Completely edentulous, denture-wearing diabetics, women in particular, are at more risk to have ridge resorption than “nondiabetic” subjects. Reduced mandibular height is directly related to years of edentulousness and denture wear-ing with greater amount of resorption among diabet-ics.

  4. Congenital granular cell tumor of the alveolar ridge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhingra Meetu

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Congenital epulis or neonatal granular cell tumor is a tumor whose histogenesis has long been debated. It is dissimilar to other granular cell tumors; the latter having derivation from Schwann cells and hence being S-100 positive. We report a case of congenital granular cell tumor in a newborn female child that was uneventfully operated. The case is reported here because of its rarity.

  5. Multiple Idiopathic Apical Root Resorption: a Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Khojastepour, L.; Bronoosh, P.; Azar, M.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this case report was to present a case of multiple idiopathic apical root resorption which is a rare condition in a 17-year-old adult male. External root resorption of the permanent teeth is a multifactorial process. Well-recognized causes of apical root resorption in permanent teeth include orthodontic therapy, trauma, periapical or periodontal inflammation, tumors, cysts, occlusal stress, impacted teeth, systemic conditions, endocrine imbalances and dietary habits. When none of t...

  6. Endodontic therapy of pathological resorptions of tooth root

    OpenAIRE

    Opa?i?-Gali? Vanja; Živkovi? Slavoljub

    2004-01-01

    Pathological resorptions of a tooth root very often represent both a diagnostic and therapeutical problem. The goal of this study was, based on clinical research on a number of pathological resorptions of various types and localization in relation to time, to analyze and evaluate applied endodontic therapy. Clinical research covered 30 patients (40 root canals in total). 18 teeth (22 canal) with external and 12 (18 canal) with internal root resorptions received endodontic therapy. After stand...

  7. Post-extraction application of beta-tricalcium phosphate in alveolar socket

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    M. Muñoz-Corcuera

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim The objective of this study was to assess the capacity of beta-tricalcium phosphate to facilitate bone formation in the socket and prevent post-extraction alveolar resorption. Materials and methods After premolar extraction in 16 patients, the sockets were filled with beta-tricalcium phosphate. Six months later, during the implant placement surgery, a trephine was used to harvest the bone samples which were processed for histological and histomorphometrical analyses. Data were gathered on patient, clinical, histological and histomorphometric variables at the extraction and implant placement sessions, using data collection forms and pathological reports. Results Clinical outcomes were satisfactory, the biomaterial was radio-opaque on X-ray. Histological study showed: partial filling with alveolar bone of appropriate maturation and mineralization for the healing time, osteoblastic activity and bone lacunae containing osteocytes. The biomaterial was not completely resorbed at six months. Conclusion Beta-tricalcium phosphate is a material capable of achieving preservation of the alveolar bone when it is positioned in the immediate post-extraction socket followed by suture; it also helps the formation of new bone in the socket. Further studies are needed comparing this technique with other available biomaterials, with growth factors and with sites where no alveolar preservation techniques are performed.

  8. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with calcified pleural plaques

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    Malhotra Balbir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease. Herein we report a case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis who was suspected to have the disease on chest X-ray and was confirmed on high resolution CT and transbronchial lung biopsy. These investigations showed characteristic features of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis with diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis.

  9. Endodontic therapy of pathological resorptions of tooth root

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Opa?i?-Gali? Vanja

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Pathological resorptions of a tooth root very often represent both a diagnostic and therapeutical problem. The goal of this study was, based on clinical research on a number of pathological resorptions of various types and localization in relation to time, to analyze and evaluate applied endodontic therapy. Clinical research covered 30 patients (40 root canals in total. 18 teeth (22 canal with external and 12 (18 canal with internal root resorptions received endodontic therapy. After standard endodontic procedure had been applied (cleaning and canal shaping calcium hydroxide paste was used as a canal medicament for cases with internal resorptions and calcium hydroxide paste and points for cases with external resorptions. Canal opturations were done by modified technique of lateral condesation applying AH- Plus paste. The obtained results showed that in cases of internal resorption after 12 months, 11 cases were successful and only 1 failure occurred. In case of external resorption, after the same period of time, 15 cases were successful and failures occurred in 3 cases. The success of resorption treatment depends on many factors but, primarily, it depends on time and accuracy of diagnosis and properly applied treatment and root canal opturation.

  10. Extensive Idiopathic External Root Resorption in First Maxillary Molar: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Bolhari, Behnam; Meraji, Naghmeh; Nosrat, Ali

    2013-01-01

    External root resorption of permanent teeth is a multifactorial process. Several etiologic and predisposing factors have been related to external root resorption. Idiopathic external root resorption is defined as cases of external root resorption without a distinct etiologic factor. This article presents an extensive idiopathic external root resorption of maxillary first molar with irreversible pulpitis in an 18-year-old patient. The resorption was diagnosed in conventional radiographs and co...

  11. Study of the relationship between the indication rod of stent on implant CT and the real path of implant fixture insertion considering residual ridge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the relationship between the direction of the indicating rod of the radiographic stent for ideal prosthetic design and the actual possible path of implant fixture placement when residual ridge resorption is considered. The study materials considered of 326 implant sites (male 214 cases and female 112 cases) from a total of 106 patients (male 65 patients and female 41 patients) who desired implant prostheses. Computed tomography of patients were taken and reformatted using ToothPix software. Bony defects, bony sclerosis, the change of the direction of indicating rod, and root proximity of the adjacent teeth were examined on the CT-derived images. The rate of the irregular crestal cortex was relatively high on premolar and molar area of maxilla. Mandibular molar area showed relatively high rate of focal sclerosis on the area of implant fixture insertion. The position of the including rods were relatively acceptable on the molar areas of both jaws. However, the position of the indicating rods should be shifted to buccal side with lingual rotation of the apical end on maxillary anterior teeth and premolar area. Clinically determined rod direction and position of the indicating rod for implant placement was not always acceptable for insertion according to the reformatted CT images. The pre-operative treatment plan for implant should be determined carefully, considering the state of the alveolar bone using the reformatted CT images.CT images.

  12. Biomechanical aspects of external root resorption in orthodontic therapy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Allan, Abuabara.

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available External apical root resorption is a common phenomenon associated with orthodontic treatment. The factors relevant to root resorption can be divided into biological and mechanical factors. Some mechanical and biological factors might be associated with an increased or decreased risk of root resorpti [...] on during orthodontic treatment. For mechanical factors, the extensive tooth movement, root torque and intrusive forces, movement type, orthodontic force magnitude, duration and type of force are involved. For biological factors, a genetic susceptibility, systemic disease, gender and medication intake have been demonstrated influence root resorption. Orthodontic therapy of patients with increased risk of root resorption should be carefully planned. Medical history, medication intake, family history, tooth agenesis, root morphology, oral health and habits must be considerate if we do not want jeopardize our patients by severe root resorption. To monitor apical root resorption the standard procedure is a radiographic examination after 6 months of treatment. In teeth with enhanced risk, a 3-month radiographic follow-up is recommended. The administration of anti-inflammatory drugs might suppress root resorption induced by orthodontic therapy, although none study was enough conclusive to indicate a protocol for patients with enhanced risk. In the event of multiple external root resorption, the diagnostic procedure should focus on the exclusion of the local factors and its associations (such as magnitude, duration and type of orthodontic force; periodontal disease; root form) that might lead to external root resorption. Systemic disorders associated with phosphorus-calcium metabolic alterations shall be suspected. This review searched the current knowledge of the mechanical and biological aspects of root resorption in orthodontic tooth movement.

  13. Distracción osteogénica alveolar por medio de dispositivos yuxtaoseos: Revisión de literatura y reporte de caso

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paul E, Maurette; Marvis Allais, de Maurette; Renato, Mazzonetto, Msc, PhD.

    Full Text Available Resumo: A reconstrução dos rebordos alveolares atroficos por meio da técnica de distração osteogênica alveolar (DOA) oferece um resultado previsível com baixas taxas de morbilidade e uma ganância notável de tecido ósseo e tecidos moles, em comparação com as técnicas tradicionalmente utilizadas. Foi [...] atendido um paciente masculino de 21 anos de idade o qual apressentaba afrofia severa do rebordo alveolar na região anterior da maxila por meio de DOA, utilizando um dispositivo yuxtaoseo (Conexão Implant System® - SP-Brasil), começando a ativação do aparelho aos 7 dias após a instalação, com uma padronização de 1mm diários ate lograr os comprimentos ósseos desejado, retirando-se o distrator e colocando-se os implantes osseointegrados às 10 semanas posteriores. Pudo-se comprovar clinica e radiográficamente o incremento em comprimento e volume ósseo necessário para a reabilitação com implantes Abstract in spanish La reconstrucción de rebordes alveolares atróficos por medio de la técnica de distracción osteogénica alveolar (DOA) ofrece un resultado previsible con bajas tasas de morbilidad y una ganancia notable de tejido óseo y tejidos blandos, en comparación con las técnicas tradicionalmente utilizadas. Fue [...] atendido un paciente masculino de 21 años de edad quien presentaba atrofia severa del reborde alveolar en región anterior del maxilar por medio de DOA, utilizando un dispositivo yuxtaoseo (Conexão Implant System® - SP-Brasil). Comenzando la activación del dispositivo a los 7 días posteriores a la instalación, con un patrón de activación de 1 mm. diarios hasta alcanzar la altura ósea deseada, retirándose el distractor y colocando los implantes oseointegrados a las 10 semanas posteriores, pudo comprobarse clínica y radiográficamente el incremento en altura y volumen óseo necesario para la rehabilitación por medio de implantes Abstract in english Abstract: The reconstruction of atrophic alveolar ridges by means of the technique of alveolar distraction osteogenesis (ADO) offers a foregone result with small morbidity rates and a remarkable gain of bony and soft tissues, in comparison with the traditionally used techniques. A masculine patient [...] of 21 years old who presented a severe atrophy of alveolar ridge in the region anterior of the maxillary was assisted by means of ADO, using a juxtaosseous device (Connection Implant System® - SP-Brazil), beginning the activation from the device to the 7 days later to the installation, with a pattern of activation 1 mm. per day until reaching the wanted bony height, being carried out the retirement of the distractor and the placement of the implants 10 weeks later. It could be proven clinic and radiographic the gain of the height and necessary bony volume for the rehabilitation by implants

  14. Multiple idiopathic external apical root resorption: A rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Parul; Nikhil, Vineeta; Kapur, Sonali

    2015-01-01

    Multiple idiopathic external apical root resorption (MIEARR) is a relatively rare condition affecting multiple teeth in a dentition. As the condition is nonsymptomatic, a case is usually detected as an incidental radiographic finding. However, it may cause pain and mobility in severe cases. It is sometimes self-limiting or sometimes may progress to tooth loss. This paper presents a case of external apical root resorption involving multiple teeth in which etiology was not identified, so idiopathic root resorption was considered as a diagnosis of exclusion. PMID:25657532

  15. Alveolar septal pulmonary amyloidosis: a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary pulmonary amyloidosis is a rare diesase, and is classified as either tracheobronchial or parenchymal; the latter is also divided into nodular and diffuse alveolar septal forms. The alveolar septal form is extremely rare and usually produces reticular and nodular opacities. We describe a case of alveolar septal pulmonary amyloidosis manifested as multiple small nodules on chest radiograph and disseminated micronodules mainly in centrilobular and subpleural location without reticular opacities, on HRCT

  16. Alveolar septal pulmonary amyloidosis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Choon; Yi, Jeong Geun; Kim, Ho Chul; Bae, Sang Hoon [Hallym Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-06-01

    Primary pulmonary amyloidosis is a rare diesase, and is classified as either tracheobronchial or parenchymal; the latter is also divided into nodular and diffuse alveolar septal forms. The alveolar septal form is extremely rare and usually produces reticular and nodular opacities. We describe a case of alveolar septal pulmonary amyloidosis manifested as multiple small nodules on chest radiograph and disseminated micronodules mainly in centrilobular and subpleural location without reticular opacities, on HRCT.

  17. Effect of Nasal Floor Closure on the Size of Alveolar Cleft in Complete Unilateral or Bilateral Primary Cleft Palate

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    M Moghadaszadeh

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cleft lip (CL and cleft palate (CP are among the most common congenital anomalies. Constituting 65% of head and neck anomalies in isolated or syndromic forms, they are considered as the most common head and neck congenital deformities in children. Methods: 15 children from the Tabriz Children Hospital were evaluated in this descriptive-analytic cross sectional study that possessed unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate with inclusion criteria. The effect of nasal floor reconstruction on the size of alveolar cleft and palatal anterior fistula formation were evaluated in primary unilateral and bilateral cleft palate. Results: There were 11 (73.3% male and only 4 (26.7% female patients in the sample group. The mean duration from first consult to reconstructive surgery was 3.4±1.8 months (1 to 9 months range. The width of alveolar cleft and alveolar ridge angle on cleft side compared to normal side in sagittal and coronal axis was significant after nasal floor reconstruction (P=0.001, P=0.02, while septal angle changes were not significant (P=0.26, which means no increase in septal deviation has been documented. Conclusion: Considering the significant changes of alveolar cleft width and alveolar ridge angle on cleft side compared to normal side in sagittal and coronal axis after nasal floor closure, this method can be applied as a new interventional surgery in primary unilateral and bilateral cleft palate.

  18. B Cell IgD Deletion Prevents Alveolar Bone Loss Following Murine Oral Infection

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    Pamela J. Baker

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Periodontal disease is one of the most common infectious diseases of humans. Immune responses to infection trigger loss of alveolar bone from the jaw and eventual tooth loss. We investigated the contribution of B cell IgD to alveolar bone loss by comparing the response of B cell normal BALB/cJ mice and IgD deficient BALB/c-Igh-5?/?J mice to oral infection with Porphyromonas gingivalis, a gram-negative periodontopathic bacterium from humans. P. gingivalis-infected normal mice lost bone. Specific antibody to P. gingivalis was lower and oral colonization was higher in IgD deficient mice; yet bone loss was completely absent. Infection increased the proportion of CD69+ activated B cells and CD4+ T cells in immune normal mice compared to IgD deficient mice. These data suggest that IgD is an important mediator of alveolar bone resorption, possibly through antigen-specific coactivation of B cells and CD4+ T cells.

  19. Inflammatory root resorption in primary molars: prevalence and associated factors

    OpenAIRE

    Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade; Clarissa Lopes Drumond; Laura Pereira Azevedo Alves; Leandro Silva Marques; Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed at determining the prevalence of inflammatory root resorption and associated factors in 1068 primary mandibular molars in 453 children 3 to 12 years of age. Age, dental history and medical history were recorded using a questionnaire administered to the children's parents/caregivers. Previously trained and calibrated examiners assessed radiographic images of the primary molars by direct observation, with the aid of a viewing box. Root resorption (physiological or inflammatory)...

  20. Conservative Management of Invasive Cervical Resorption: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Farhan Raza Khan; Fahad Umer; Samira Adnan

    2013-01-01

    Invasive cervical resorption is a condition that affects the root surface area below the epithelial attachment. Multiple treatment modalities are advocated, involving exposure of the invasive defect, removal of the granulation tissue and sealing with various restorative materials. This report demonstrates conservative treatment of a patient presenting with peri-apical periodontitis in upper right central and lateral incisors, along with Class II invasive resorption defect cervically on the me...

  1. “Internal root resorption: An endodontic challenge”: A case series

    OpenAIRE

    Mittal, Sunandan; Kumar, Tarun; Mittal, Shifali; Sharma, Jyotika

    2014-01-01

    Management of internal root resorption is a challenge to the endodontists. It may occur in cases with chronic pulpal inflammation, following caries or due to trauma in the form of an accidental blow. Most cases of internal root resorption are seen in anterior teeth, due to their susceptibility to trauma. However, it may be seen in posterior teeth, most likely because of carious involvement of the pulp. Early diagnosis, removal of the cause, proper treatment of the resorbed root is mandatory f...

  2. Anti-dentine antibodies with root resorption during orthodontic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Solange de Paula; Ortolan, Geórgia Oliveira; Dos Santos, Lívia Marques; Tobouti, Priscila Lie; Hidalgo, Miriam Marubayashi; Consolaro, Alberto; Itano, Eiko Nakagawa

    2011-10-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse serum IgG levels and salivary secretory IgA (sIgA) levels in human dentine extract (HDE) before (T0) and 6 months after (T6) orthodontic treatment and to correlate anti-HDE autoantibodies to root resorption. Fifty orthodontic patients were selected, 19 males (15.6 ± 8.5 years) and 31 females (21.4 ± 11.2 years), 19 in the mixed dentition (10.3 ± 1.9 years) and 31 in the permanent dentition (24.6 ± 9.9 years). Fifty individuals not undergoing orthodontic treatment matched by gender and age were selected as the controls. Periapical radiographs of the upper central incisors and saliva sampling were obtained of all patients at T0 and T6. Serum samples were collected from the permanent dentition patients (n = 31). Antibody levels were determined by means of immunoenzyme assay. At T6, root resorption was classified as grade 0 (no resorption), grade 1 (slight resorption), and grade 2 (moderate to severe resorption). Differences between antibody levels at T0 and T6 and among different grades of resorption were determined by paired t- and Kruskal-Wallis tests, respectively. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was applied to detect correlation between sIgA and IgG levels, and logistic regression to determine the association of root resorption grade and the studied variables. Differences were considered significant at P salivary sIgA levels or other variables. Patients who had grade 2 root resorption at T6 showed higher levels of anti-HDE sIgA (P salivary sIgA before treatment were associated with more advanced lesions after 6 months of treatment. PMID:21300727

  3. Further Evidence for Direct Pro-Resorptive Actions of FSH

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Li; Zhang, Zhiyuan; Zhu, Ling-ling; Peng, Yuanzhen; Liu, Xuan; Li, Jianhua; Agrawal, Manasi; Robinson, Lisa J.; Iqbal, Jameel; Blair, Harry C.; Zaidi, Mone

    2010-01-01

    We confirm that FSH stimulates osteoclast formation, function and survival to enhance bone resorption. It does so via the activation of a pertussis toxin-sensitive Gi-coupled FSH receptor that we and others have identified on murine and human osteoclast precursors and mature osteoclasts. FSH additionally enhances the production of several osteoclastogenic cytokines, importantly TNF?, likely within the bone marrow microenvironment, to augment its pro-resorptive action. FSH levels in humans ri...

  4. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings

    OpenAIRE

    Celikten, Berkan; Uzuntas, Ceren Feriha; Kurt, Hakan

    2014-01-01

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as "idiopathic root resorption." This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition t...

  5. Assessment of apical root resorption using digital subtraction radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to compare the diagnostic ability of conventional intraoral radiographs with that of digital subtraction image and to assess the quantifying ability of digital subtraction image for simulated apical root resorption. Convectional intraoral radiographs and digital images of ten sound maxillary central incisors and those with simulated apical root resorption were taken with varying horizontal and vertical angulations of the x-ray beam. The diagnostic accuracy to detect the lesion was evaluated on conventional intraoral radiographs and digital subtraction images by ROC analysis. The amount of simulated apical root resorption was also estimated on the reconstruction images by Emago and compared with actual amount of tooth loss using paired t-test. The diagnostic accuracy of conventional intraoral radiographs to detect the apical root resorption was low (ROC area = 0.6446), and the sensitivity and the specificity of digital subtraction images were 100%, respectively. The calculated amounts of apical root resorption showed no statistically significant difference with the actual amounts of the lesion (p>0.05). Digital subtraction radiography is powerful tool to detect the small apical root resorption, and quantitative analysis of small amounts of the lesion can be evaluated by digital subtraction radiography

  6. Effect of fish oil on lipopolysaccharide-induced hydroxyapatite loss in rat alveolar bone: A Preliminary Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didin E. Indahyani

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Dietary fish oil has been shown to inhibit bone resorption and, therefore, the aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that fish oil alters lipopolysaccharide (LPS-induced hydroxyapatite loss in rat alveolar bone. Rats were divided into four groups. The animals injected with saline or Escherichia coli-derived LPS into the maxillary alveolar mucosa on the buccoapical site of the molar region daily for 8 days were served as a negative or positive control, respectively. Other groups of animals were injected with LPS and orally treated with fish oil at the same day with or after LPS injection. The results of the present study showed that the hydroxyapatite contents of alveolar bone in rats treated with fish oil at the same day with or before LPS injection were significantly higher than those in rats injected with LPS alone, but still lower than those in untreated animals. Therefore, the present study suggests that oral treatment with fish oil may reduce LPS-induced hydroxyapatite loss in rat alveolar bone

  7. Computed tomographic imaging of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease of uncertain etiology. The computed tomographic image is characterized by geographically sharply delineated alveolar infiltrates, faint, ground-glass-like parenchymal turbidity, with well bordered interstitial structures and recesses in the subpleural space. (orig.)

  8. CT features of lung alveolar echinococcosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the CT features of lung alveolar echinococcosis and assess the value of CT scanning for the diagnosis of this disease. Methods: The CT features of lung alveolar echinococcosis in 26 patients diagnosed pathologically or clinically were reviewed retrospectively and correlated with histopathology. Results: Lung alveolar echinococcosis appeared as multiple lesions bilaterally in 18 patients, as multiple lesions unilaterally in 6 patients, and as single lesion bilaterally in 2 patients. Seventeen cases presented as masses and nodules, 8 patients presented as nodules, 1 patient presented as a mass. Lobulation and speculation were showed in most lesions, irregular cavity or bubble-like opacity in 13 patients,calcification in 18 patients, a patchy area or fibrotic cord around lesion in 14 patients. Pleural thickening adjacent to the lesion in 20 patients. Conclusion: Lung alveolar echinococcosis has characteristic features on CT, and CT can provide important information for the diagnosis of lung alveolar echinococcosis. (authors)

  9. Effects of a Mikania laevigata extract on bone resorption and RANKL expression during experimental periodontitis in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno B. Benatti

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The Mikania laevigata extract (MLE (popularly known in Brazil as "guaco" possesses anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study we tested the effects of MLE in a periodontitis experimental model in rats. We also investigated possible mechanisms underlying such effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Periodontal disease was induced by a ligature placed around the mandibular first molars of each animal. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: non-ligated animals treated with vehicle; non-ligated animals treated with MLE (10 mg/kg, daily; ligature-induced animals treated with vehicle and ligature-induced animals treated with MLE (10 mg/kg, daily. Thirty days after the induction of periodontal disease, the animals were euthanized and mandibles and gingival tissues removed for further analysis. RESULTS: Morphometric analysis of alveolar bone loss demonstrated that MLE-treated animals presented a decreased alveolar bone loss and a lower expression of the activator of nuclear factor-?B ligand (RANKL measured by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, gingival tissues from the MLE-treated group showed decreased neutrophil migration myeloperoxidase (MPO assay. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that MLE may be useful to control bone resorption during progression of experimental periodontitis in rats.

  10. Effects of a Mikania laevigata extract on bone resorption and RANKL expression during experimental periodontitis in rats

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bruno B., Benatti; Jozafá C., Campos-Júnior; Vilmar J., Silva-Filho; Polyanna M., Alves; Isabela R., Rodrigues; Elizabeth, Uber-Bucek; Silvio M., Vieira; Marcelo H., Napimoga.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The Mikania laevigata extract (MLE) (popularly known in Brazil as "guaco") possesses anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study we tested the effects of MLE in a periodontitis experimental model in rats. We also investigated possible mechanisms underlying such effects. MATERIAL A [...] ND METHODS: Periodontal disease was induced by a ligature placed around the mandibular first molars of each animal. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: non-ligated animals treated with vehicle; non-ligated animals treated with MLE (10 mg/kg, daily); ligature-induced animals treated with vehicle and ligature-induced animals treated with MLE (10 mg/kg, daily). Thirty days after the induction of periodontal disease, the animals were euthanized and mandibles and gingival tissues removed for further analysis. RESULTS: Morphometric analysis of alveolar bone loss demonstrated that MLE-treated animals presented a decreased alveolar bone loss and a lower expression of the activator of nuclear factor-?B ligand (RANKL) measured by immunohistochemistry. Moreover, gingival tissues from the MLE-treated group showed decreased neutrophil migration myeloperoxidase (MPO) assay. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that MLE may be useful to control bone resorption during progression of experimental periodontitis in rats.

  11. A rare case of impacted supernumerary premolar causing resorption of mandibular first molar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murali, R. V.; Gnanashanmugam, K.; Rajasekar, L.; Kularashmi, B. S.; Saravanan, B.

    2015-01-01

    The management of patients with pain in today's general practice has become a major concern and sometimes this pain is related to some rare causes. A male patient aged 26 years reported with pain in the lower left molar region (36) and then an intra-oral periapical radiograph (IOPA), and orthopantomograph was taken. IOPA revealed the presence of supernumerary premolar causing pressure and root resorption of 36. Also, there was missing 21 and proximal decay in 11. Eleven was treated endodontically, and then bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Lower anterior crowding was also present. The treatment plan was to extract 36 followed by orthodontic extrusion of the supernumerary premolar and also the correction of lower anterior crowding. Hidden approach (lingual orthodontics) was used as the patient was insisting upon the braces not being seen outside during the course of the treatment. Later all ceramic bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Orthodontic tooth extrusion techniques offer excellent treatment options for Partially Impacted tooth. It is a well-documented clinical method for extruding sound tooth material from within the alveolar socket by light forces. The use of lingual technique for forced eruption enhance acceptance of orthodontic treatment by adults. The treatment of a young adult patient illustrates the importance of treatment planning from one discipline to another, communication among team members and the benefits of working together in an interdisciplinary approach PMID:26015740

  12. A rare case of impacted supernumerary premolar causing resorption of mandibular first molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murali, R V; Gnanashanmugam, K; Rajasekar, L; Kularashmi, B S; Saravanan, B

    2015-04-01

    The management of patients with pain in today's general practice has become a major concern and sometimes this pain is related to some rare causes. A male patient aged 26 years reported with pain in the lower left molar region (36) and then an intra-oral periapical radiograph (IOPA), and orthopantomograph was taken. IOPA revealed the presence of supernumerary premolar causing pressure and root resorption of 36. Also, there was missing 21 and proximal decay in 11. Eleven was treated endodontically, and then bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Lower anterior crowding was also present. The treatment plan was to extract 36 followed by orthodontic extrusion of the supernumerary premolar and also the correction of lower anterior crowding. Hidden approach (lingual orthodontics) was used as the patient was insisting upon the braces not being seen outside during the course of the treatment. Later all ceramic bridge was done in relation to 11, 21 and 22. Orthodontic tooth extrusion techniques offer excellent treatment options for Partially Impacted tooth. It is a well-documented clinical method for extruding sound tooth material from within the alveolar socket by light forces. The use of lingual technique for forced eruption enhance acceptance of orthodontic treatment by adults. The treatment of a young adult patient illustrates the importance of treatment planning from one discipline to another, communication among team members and the benefits of working together in an interdisciplinary approach. PMID:26015740

  13. Evaluation of the posterior superior alveolar artery and the maxillary sinus with CBCT

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dilhan, Ilguy; Mehmet, Ilguy; Semanur, Dolekoglu; Erdogan, Fisekcioglu.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Assessment of the maxillary sinus anatomy before sinus augmentation is important for avoiding surgical complications, because of the close anatomical relationship between the posterior maxillary teeth and the maxillary sinus. The posterior superior alveolar artery (PSAA) is the branch of the maxilla [...] ry artery that supplies the lateral sinus wall and overlying membrane. We evaluated the location of the PSAA and its relationship to the alveolar ridge and maxillary sinus using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study group consisted of 135 CBCT scans (270 sinuses) obtained from the archive of the dentomaxillofacial radiology department at Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey. The distance between the lower border of the artery and the alveolar crest, bone height from the sinus floor to the ridge crest, distance from the artery to the medial sinus wall, and the diameter and location of the artery were determined. The occurrence of septa and pathology were recorded from CBCT scans. The PSAA was observed in 89.3% of sinuses, and 71.1% of arteries were intraosseous with diameters mostly

  14. The effect of photobiomodulation on root resorption during orthodontic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nimeri G

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Ghada Nimeri, Chung H Kau, Rachel Corona, Jeffery Shelly Department of Orthodontics, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA Abstract: Photobiomodulation is used to accelerate tooth movement during orthodontic treatments. The changes in root morphology in a group of orthodontic patients who received photobiomodulation were evaluated using the cone beam computed tomography technique. The device used is called OrthoPulse, which produces low levels of light with a near infrared wavelength of 850 nm and an intensity of 60 mW/cm2 continuous wave. Twenty orthodontic patients were recruited for these experiments, all with class 1 malocclusion and with Little's Irregularity Index (>2 mm in either of the arches. Root resorption was detected by measuring changes in tooth length using cone beam computed tomography. These changes were measured before the orthodontic treatment and use of low-level laser therapy and after finishing the alignment level. Little's Irregularity Index for all the patients was calculated in both the maxilla and mandible and patients were divided into three groups for further analysis, which were then compared to the root resorption measurements. Our results showed that photobiomodulation did not cause root resorption greater than the normal range that is commonly detected in orthodontic treatments. Furthermore, no correlation between Little's Irregularity Index and root resorption was detected. Keywords: photobiomodulation, root resorption, accelerate tooth movement, orthodontics, cone beam computed tomography

  15. A case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is reported. A 33-year-old male visited our clinic because of cough and sore throat. The chest X-ray showed granular micronodulation diffusely disseminated throughout the lung fields. On the eighth day since admission, cough and sore throat disappeared. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis was confirmed by transbronchial lung biopsy. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed, and the differential cell count of the BAL fluid showed 74.3 % eosinophilia. Furthermore, 67Ga-citrate scintigraphy revealed diffuse uptake throughout the lung fields. Whether these findings are common in pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis or not is considered to be an unanswered problem. (author)

  16. Characterization of mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers

    OpenAIRE

    Demaio, Lucas; Tseng, Wanru; Balverde, Zerlinde; Alvarez, Juan R.; Kim, Kwang-Jin; Kelley, Diane G.; Senior, Robert M.; Crandall, Edward D.; Borok, Zea

    2009-01-01

    We investigated the influence of extracellular matrix on transport properties of mouse alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) monolayers (MAECM) and transdifferentiation of isolated mouse alveolar epithelial type II (AT2) cells into an alveolar epithelial type I (AT1) cell-like phenotype. Primary mouse AT2 cells plated on laminin 5-coated polycarbonate filters formed monolayers with transepithelial resistance (RT) and equivalent short-circuit current (IEQ) of 1.8 k?·cm2 and 5.3 ?A/cm2, respectivel...

  17. NOD2 contributes to Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced bone resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prates, T P; Taira, T M; Holanda, M C; Bignardi, L A; Salvador, S L; Zamboni, D S; Cunha, F Q; Fukada, S Y

    2014-11-01

    The NOD-like receptors are cytoplasmic proteins that sense microbial by-products released by invasive bacteria. Although NOD1 and NOD2 are functionally expressed in cells from oral tissues and play a role triggering immune responses, the role of NOD2 receptor in the bone resorption and in the modulation of osteoclastogenesis is still unclear. We show that in an experimental model of periodontitis with Porphyromonas gingivalis W83, NOD2(-/-) mice showed lower bone resorption when compared to wild type. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that wild-type infected mice showed an elevated RANKL/OPG ratio when compared to NOD2(-/-) infected mice. Moreover, the expression of 2 osteoclast activity markers-cathepsin K and matrix metalloproteinase 9-was significantly lower in gingival tissue from NOD2(-/-) infected mice compared to WT infected ones. The in vitro study reported an increase in the expression of the NOD2 receptor 24 hr after stimulation of hematopoietic bone marrow cells with M-CSF and RANKL. We also evaluated the effect of direct activation of NOD2 receptor on osteoclastogenesis, by the activation of this receptor in preosteoclasts culture, with different concentrations of muramyl dipeptide. The results show no difference in the number of TRAP-positive cells. Although it did not alter the osteoclasts differentiation, the activation of NOD2 receptor led to a significant increase of cathepsin K expression. We confirm that this enzyme was active, since the osteoclasts resorption capacity was enhanced by muramyl dipeptide stimulation, evaluated in osteoassay plate. These results show that the lack of NOD2 receptor impairs the bone resorption, suggesting that NOD2 receptor could contribute to the progression of bone resorption in experimental model of periodontitis. The stimulation of NOD2 by its agonist, muramyl dipeptide, did not affect osteoclastogenesis, but it does favor the bone resorption capacity identified by increased osteoclast activity. PMID:25239844

  18. Characteristic aspects of alveolar proteinosis diagnosis Aspectos característicos do diagnóstico da proteinose alveolar

    OpenAIRE

    Thiago Prudente Bártholo; José Gustavo Pugliese; Luiz Carlos Aguiar Vaz; Cláudia Henrique da Costa; Rogério Rufino

    2012-01-01

    Alveolar proteinosis is an uncommon pulmonary disease characterized by an accumulation of surfactant in terminal airway and alveoli, thereby impairing gas exchange and engendering respiratory insufficiency in some cases. Three clinically and etiologically distinct forms of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis are recognized: congenital, secondary and idiopathic, the latter corresponding to 90% of the cases. In this case report we present a young male patient that was diagnosed with alveolar protein...

  19. Alveolar wound healing in rats fed on high sucrose diet

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María A, Baró; Marina R, Rocamundi; Javier O, Viotto; Ruth S, Ferreyra.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available El potencial de reparacion osea esta influenciado por una variedad de mecanismos bioquimicos, biomecanicos, hormonales, patologicos y factores como la dieta y sus componentes; todos rigen comportamiento y funcion de las celulas encargadas de formar nuevo hueso. Varios autores sugieren que una dieta [...] rica en sacarosa, podria cambiar el balance del calcio y la composicion osea en animales, alterando la mineralizacion de tejidos duros. El mecanismo por el cual esto se produce no es claro. La cicatrizacion alveolar post extraccion reune caracteristicas particulares que la convierten en una herida unica, en animales y en humanos. El objetivo general de este trabajo fue evaluar y cuantificar la respuesta biologica durante la cicatrizacion alveolar post extraccion en ratas con dieta rica en sacarosa; mediante la histomorfometria de lagunas osteociticas, recuento de lagunas vacias y medicion de zonas de reposo, neoformacion y resorcion osea. Se utilizaron 42 ratas Wistar, de ambos sexos, que fueron divididas en dos grupos: grupo experimental, alimentadas con dieta modificada de Stephan Harris (43% de sacarosa) y grupo control alimentadas con dieta balanceada estandar. Se anestesiaron los animales y se extrajeron primeros molares inferiores, derecho e izquierdo, luego fueron sacrificados a las 0hs., 14, 28, 60 y 120 dias. Las muestras obtenidas fueron fijadas, descalcificadas con EDTA e incluidas en parafina y se obtuvieron cortes para microscopia optica que fueron coloreados con hematoxilina/eosina. El analisis histomorfometrico mostro diferencias significativas de tamano entre lagunas osteociticas de ambos grupos a los 28 y 60 dias siendo de mayor tamano en los experimentales, se encontraron mayor cantidad de lagunas vacias en experimentales a los 14 dias y no hubo diferencias significativas en las superficies de actividad osea. Una dieta rica en sacarosa podria producir modificaciones en la morfologia y calidad del tejido oseo que se forma en el alveolo post extraccion dentaria. Abstract in english The potential for bone repair is influenced by various biochemical, biomechanical, hormonal, and pathological mechanisms and factors such as diet and its components, all of which govern the behavior and function of the cells responsible for forming new bone. Several authors suggest that a high sucro [...] se diet could change the calcium balance and bone composition in animals, altering hard tissue mineralization. The mechanism by which it occurs is unclear. Alveolar healing following tooth extraction has certain characteristics making this type of wound unique, in both animals and humans. The general aim of this study was to evaluate and quantify the biological response during alveolar healing following tooth extraction in rats fed on high sucrose diets, by means of osteocyte lacunae histomorphometry, counting empty lacunae and measuring areas of bone quiescence, formation and resorption. Forty-two Wistar rats of both sexes were divided into two groups: an experimental group fed on modified Stephan Harris diet (43% sucrose) and a control group fed on standard balanced diet. The animals were anesthetized and their left and right lower molars extracted. They were killed at 0 hours, 14, 28, 60 and 120 days. Samples were fixed, decalcified in EDTA and embedded in paraffin to prepare sections for optical microscopy which were stained with hematoxylin/eosin. Histomorphometric analysis showed significant differences in the size of osteocyte lacunae between groups at 28 and 60 days, with the experimental group having larger lacunae. There were more empty lacunae in the experimental group at 14 days, and no significant difference in the areas of bone activity. A high sucrose diet could modify the morphology and quality of bone tissue formed in the alveolus following tooth extraction.

  20. Humoral Regulation of Osteoclasts and Their Role in Bone Resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Sebile Dökmeta?

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Osteoclasts are derived from the macrophage haematopoietic lineage, resemble monocyte-like phagocytic cells, and are involved in bone resorption. The cells of the bone and the immune system communicate by cytokines and growth factors. The discovery of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (RANK signalling pathway in osteoclasts provides a deeper understanding of osteoclastogenesis, mechanisms of the activation of bone resorption, and how bone structure and mass are affected by hormones. Turk Jem 2008; 12: 12-7

  1. Alveolar bone preservation subsequent to miniscrew implant placement in a canine model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melsen, Birte; Huja, Sarandeep

    2014-01-01

    Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of transcortical screws on alveolar (bone) ridge preservation following extraction. DESIGN: Four adult beagle dogs had mandibular premolars extracted bilaterally. After 6 weeks, using a split-mouth design, two transcortical screws were inserted unilaterally below the alveolar crest on the experimental side in the region of the extraction. The dogs were killed after 12 weeks. The bone at the extraction sites was analyzed using ?CT and 3D analysis. A cylindrical core was placed around the actual and a virtual screw placed in the identical location on the control side. The bone volume within the cylinders was quantified. An insertion of a dental implant was simulated bilaterally at the insertion site. The height of the clinical crown and the alveolar crest were determined on both sides. The bone turnover was assessed histomorphometrically on un-decalcified bucco-lingual sections stained with basic fuchsine and toluidine blue. RESULTS: Comparison of the two sidesrevealed a significant difference both with regard to the bone volume and morphology. The transcortical screw caused an increase in bone density and less ridge atrophy. When simulating a dental implant placement on both sides, the bone preservation on the experimental side led to a need for a shorter clinical crown compared to the control side. A higher activity level of the bone in the experimental side was demonstrated histologically. CONCLUSION: In this dog model the insertion of a mini-implant across the healing alveolar process results in increased density not only adjacent to the screws, but also in the region where a potential dental implant would be inserted. In humans, the insertion of transcortical screws may maintain bone when for various reasons insertion of a permanent dental implant has to be postponed.

  2. Management of maxillary alveolar process fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Shukhrat Boymuradov

    2011-01-01

    Incidence of maxillofacial traumas is reported steadily increasing, maxillary fractures being extremely severe. Maxillary alveolar process (AP) and front teeth are traumatized more frequently than any other parts of the maxilla. Deprivation of teeth and AP post-traumatic flaw as well as loss of alveolar height not only create a cosmetic defect but also complicate subsequent prosthetics of the patients. The work was initiated to assess efficacy of “CollapAn L” in comparison with a combinat...

  3. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.

    OpenAIRE

    Ucan, E. S.; Keyf, A. I.; Aydilek, R.; Yalcin, Z.; Sebit, S.; Kudu, M.; Ok, U.

    1993-01-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial dise...

  4. Toward Therapeutic Pulmonary Alveolar Regeneration in Humans

    OpenAIRE

    Massaro, Donald; Massaro, Gloria DeCarlo

    2006-01-01

    In humans, age results in loss of pulmonary alveoli; menopause accelerates loss of diffusing capacity, an index of alveolar surface area; and disease (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) results in loss of alveoli. Thus, an important goal for investigators is to generate knowledge that allows induction of pulmonary alveolar regeneration in humans. Our enthusiasm for this goal and our assessment of its feasibility are based on work in several laboratories over the last decade that has...

  5. Non-Surgical Repair of Internal Resorption with MTA: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Zahed Mohammadi; Mohammad Yazdizadeh; Sousan Shalavi

    2012-01-01

    Internal resorption is rare in permanent teeth. Treatment is usually performed through warm gutta-percha technique. If the resorptive process perforates the root, treatment may be more difficult and is usually performed via surgical approach. Non-surgical repair of a perforating internal root resorption with MTA was conducted in this case. Before repairing the resorption, a master gutta-percha point was placed in the canal to maintain negotiability of the original canal path. Then, MTA was pr...

  6. Treatment of Internal Resorption with Mineral Trioxide Aggregates: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav, Pankaj; Rao, Yogesh; Jain, Anurag; Relhan, Nikhil; Gupta, Sandeep

    2013-01-01

    Tooth resorption is a common sequel which follows injuries or irritation to the periodontal ligament and/or tooth pulp. The course of tooth resorption involves an elaborate interaction among inflammatory cells, resorbing cells, and hard tissue structures. The key cells which are involved in resorption are multi–nucleated giant cells. Internal root resorptions are usually non–symptomatic and they are discovered occasionally through periapical radiographs, which reveal very defined and regu...

  7. Surgical intervention for treating an extensive internal resorption with unfavorable crown-to-root ratio

    OpenAIRE

    Ashouri, Rezvan; Rekabi, Ali R.; Parirokh, Masoud

    2012-01-01

    Internal resorption is a rare lesion in permanent teeth. Managing perforating internal resorption is a great challenge for dentists. This report presents a successful surgical treatment of a maxillary central incisor that had extensive root perforation due to internal resorption. After unsuccessful nonsurgical approach, during surgical intervention apical part of the resorption defect was removed and the coronal part was filled with mineral trioxide aggregate. Three years later the tooth was ...

  8. A scanning electron microscopic study of the patterns of external root resorption under different conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Ravindran Sreeja; Chaudhary Minal; Tumsare Madhuri; Patil Swati; Wadhwan Vijay

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if there are qualitative differences in the appearance of external root resorption patterns of primary teeth undergoing physiologic resorption and permanent teeth undergoing pathological root resorption in different conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 teeth undergoing external root resorption in different conditions were divided into 4 groups and prepared for examination under scanning electron microscopy at magnifications ranging fr...

  9. Telomere dysfunction causes alveolar stem cell failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alder, Jonathan K.; Barkauskas, Christina E.; Limjunyawong, Nathachit; Stanley, Susan E.; Kembou, Frant; Tuder, Rubin M.; Hogan, Brigid L. M.; Mitzner, Wayne; Armanios, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Telomere syndromes have their most common manifestation in lung disease that is recognized as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema. In both conditions, there is loss of alveolar integrity, but the underlying mechanisms are not known. We tested the capacity of alveolar epithelial and stromal cells from mice with short telomeres to support alveolar organoid colony formation and found that type 2 alveolar epithelial cells (AEC2s), the stem cell-containing population, were limiting. When telomere dysfunction was induced in adult AEC2s by conditional deletion of the shelterin component telomeric repeat-binding factor 2, cells survived but remained dormant and showed all the hallmarks of cellular senescence. Telomere dysfunction in AEC2s triggered an immune response, and this was associated with AEC2-derived up-regulation of cytokine signaling pathways that are known to provoke inflammation in the lung. Mice uniformly died after challenge with bleomycin, underscoring an essential role for telomere function in AEC2s for alveolar repair. Our data show that alveoloar progenitor senescence is sufficient to recapitulate the regenerative defects, inflammatory responses, and susceptibility to injury that are characteristic of telomere-mediated lung disease. They suggest alveolar stem cell failure is a driver of telomere-mediated lung disease and that efforts to reverse it may be clinically beneficial. PMID:25840590

  10. Telomere dysfunction causes alveolar stem cell failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alder, Jonathan K; Barkauskas, Christina E; Limjunyawong, Nathachit; Stanley, Susan E; Kembou, Frant; Tuder, Rubin M; Hogan, Brigid L M; Mitzner, Wayne; Armanios, Mary

    2015-04-21

    Telomere syndromes have their most common manifestation in lung disease that is recognized as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema. In both conditions, there is loss of alveolar integrity, but the underlying mechanisms are not known. We tested the capacity of alveolar epithelial and stromal cells from mice with short telomeres to support alveolar organoid colony formation and found that type 2 alveolar epithelial cells (AEC2s), the stem cell-containing population, were limiting. When telomere dysfunction was induced in adult AEC2s by conditional deletion of the shelterin component telomeric repeat-binding factor 2, cells survived but remained dormant and showed all the hallmarks of cellular senescence. Telomere dysfunction in AEC2s triggered an immune response, and this was associated with AEC2-derived up-regulation of cytokine signaling pathways that are known to provoke inflammation in the lung. Mice uniformly died after challenge with bleomycin, underscoring an essential role for telomere function in AEC2s for alveolar repair. Our data show that alveoloar progenitor senescence is sufficient to recapitulate the regenerative defects, inflammatory responses, and susceptibility to injury that are characteristic of telomere-mediated lung disease. They suggest alveolar stem cell failure is a driver of telomere-mediated lung disease and that efforts to reverse it may be clinically beneficial. PMID:25840590

  11. The effect of photobiomodulation on root resorption during orthodontic treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimeri, Ghada; Kau, Chung H; Corona, Rachel; Shelly, Jeffery

    2014-01-01

    Photobiomodulation is used to accelerate tooth movement during orthodontic treatments. The changes in root morphology in a group of orthodontic patients who received photobiomodulation were evaluated using the cone beam computed tomography technique. The device used is called OrthoPulse, which produces low levels of light with a near infrared wavelength of 850 nm and an intensity of 60 mW/cm(2) continuous wave. Twenty orthodontic patients were recruited for these experiments, all with class 1 malocclusion and with Little's Irregularity Index (>2 mm) in either of the arches. Root resorption was detected by measuring changes in tooth length using cone beam computed tomography. These changes were measured before the orthodontic treatment and use of low-level laser therapy and after finishing the alignment level. Little's Irregularity Index for all the patients was calculated in both the maxilla and mandible and patients were divided into three groups for further analysis, which were then compared to the root resorption measurements. Our results showed that photobiomodulation did not cause root resorption greater than the normal range that is commonly detected in orthodontic treatments. Furthermore, no correlation between Little's Irregularity Index and root resorption was detected. PMID:24470774

  12. Porphyromonas gingivalis GroEL Induces Osteoclastogenesis of Periodontal Ligament Cells and Enhances Alveolar Bone Resorption in Rats

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Feng-yen; Hsiao, Fung-ping; Huang, Chun-yao; Shih, Chun-ming; Tsao, Nai-wen; Tsai, Chien-sung; Yang, Shue-fen; Chang, Nen-chung; Hung, Shan-ling; Lin, Yi-wen

    2014-01-01

    Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major periodontal pathogen that contains a variety of virulence factors. The antibody titer to P. gingivalis GroEL, a homologue of HSP60, is significantly higher in periodontitis patients than in healthy control subjects, suggesting that P. gingivalis GroEL is a potential stimulator of periodontal disease. However, the specific role of GroEL in periodontal disease remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of P. gingivalis GroEL on human periodontal ligame...

  13. Enhancement of bactericidal capacity of alveolar macrophages by human alveolar lining material.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juers, J A; Rogers, R M; McCurdy, J B; Cook, W W

    1976-01-01

    In vivo studies have shown a major role for the alveolar macrophage in the killing of inhaled bacteria. This contrasted with earlier work which showed a preservation of phagocytic properties but a loss of bactericidal capacity when alveolar macrophages were studied in vitro. Recently, alveolar lining material (ALM) from rats has been shown to enhance the in vitro bactericidal capacity of alveolar macrophages from homologous animals against Staphylococcus aureus. Utilizing a similar system, we have confirmed that rat alveolar macrophages do not kill S. aureus in vitro unless the bacteria have been incubated with rat ALM (R-ALM) before phagocytosis. In addition, human ALM (H-ALM) from 7 of 11 patients assayed showed an enhancement of bactericidal capacity by rat alveolar macrophages which was not significantly different from the results utilizing R-ALM. H-ALM from the other four patients gave results which differed significantly from results with H-ALM from the first seven patients and R-ALM (P less than 0.001). Preliminary results suggest that the factor enhancing the bactericidal capacity of rat alveolar macrophages is present in the lipid fraction of the ALM. Further characterization of the ALM is warranted in an effort to explain the enhancement of the bactericidal capacity of alveolar macrophages by most, but not all, H-ALM tested. PMID:956366

  14. Identification of A Novel Root Resorptive Function of Osteopontin Gene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Seifi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Osteopontin (OPN has been proposed to play a role in bone resorption. With regard to bone and cementum/dentin structural and histological similarities, it was hy-pothesized that expression of this gene might be increased in resorptive lacunae during orthodontic tooth movement.Materials and Methods: Fixed Nickel-Titanium closed coil springs (Dentaurum® capa-ble of delivering approximately 60 gf were applied for mesial movement of maxillary left first molars in 26 male 8-week-old Wistar rats. The right maxillary molar served as inter-nal control for each subject. After 21 days, the rats were sacrificed. Tissues from 13 rats were examined by histomorphometric analysis and the scratched material from resorptive lacunae on mesial sides of the roots was used for extracting messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA in RT-PCR reactions. T-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test served for statistical analyses.Results: Histomorphometric analysis of histologic sections revealed an increased resorbed area in test group compared to control animals (P<0.001. The integrity of mRNA con-firmed by RT-PCR for housekeeping gene glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH. Densitometric analysis of OPN mRNA on electrophoresis gel showed an in-crease in background levels of OPN in resorptive lacunae of test group (P<0.001.Conclusion: Data indicates that in the controlled environment of this study, an increase in OPN expression is associated with root resorption induced by orthodontic tooth move-ment.

  15. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide inhibits bone resorption in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Anne; Christensen, Mikkel

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In humans, the pronounced postprandial reduction in bone resorption (decreasing bone resorption markers by around 50%) has been suggested to be caused by gut hormones. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is a peptide hormone secreted postprandially from the small intestine. The hormone is known as an incretin hormone, but preclinical studies have suggested that it may also influence bone metabolism, showing both antiresorptive and anabolic effects as reflected by changes in biomechanical measures, microarchitecture, and activity of the bone cells in response to GIP stimulation. Its role in human bone homeostasis, however, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of GIP administration on bone resorption in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plasma samples were obtained from 10 healthy subjects during four conditions: euglycemic (5 mmol/L) and hyperglycemic (12 mmol/L) 90-minute glucose clamps with co-infusion of GIP (4 pmol/kg/min for 15 min, followed by 2 pmol/kg/min for 45 min) or placebo. The samples were analyzed for concentrations of degradation products of C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX), a bone resorption marker. RESULTS regarding effects on pancreatic hormone secretion have been published. RESULTS: During euglycemia, the decremental area under the curve in CTX was significantly (P < .001) higher during GIP infusion (2084 ± 686 % × min) compared to saline infusion (656 ± 295 % × min). During hyperglycemia, GIP infusion significantly (P < .001) augmented the decremental area under the curve to 2785 ± 446 % × minutes, compared to 1308 ± 448 % × minutes during saline infusion, with CTX values corresponding to 49% of basal values. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that GIP reduces bone resorption in humans, interacting with a possible effect of hyperglycemia.

  16. The influence of ovariectomy, simvastatin and sodium alendronate on alveolar bone in rats / Influência da ovariectomia, da sinvastatina e do alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Lia, Anbinder; Fernanda de Almeida, Prado; Marcela de Almeida, Prado; Ivan, Balducci; Rosilene Fernandes da, Rocha.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Os bisfosfonatos são empregados atualmente para o tratamento de várias doenças caracterizadas pelo aumento da reabsorção óssea, como a osteoporose. As estatinas são amplamente utilizadas para redução de níveis elevados de colesterol e estudos recentes têm revelado sua ação anabólica no osso. O objet [...] ivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência da deficiência estrogênica e dos tratamentos com sinvastatina ou alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas. Cinqüenta e quatro ratas sofreram ovariectomia (OVX) ou cirurgia simulada ("sham"). Um mês após, os animais passaram a receber diariamente, via oral, 25 mg/kg de sinvastatina (SIN), 2 mg/kg de alendronato (ALN) ou água (controle). Trinta e cinco dias depois do início do tratamento os animais foram sacrificados, as hemimandíbulas esquerdas removidas e radiografadas em aparelho de raios X digital. Foi calculada a densidade radiográfica em tons de cinza da área de osso alveolar sob o primeiro molar mandibular e os valores foram submetidos a ANOVA, ao nível de 5%. Ratas ovariectomizadas ganharam mais peso (média ± desvio-padrão: 20,06 ± 6,68%) que as demais (12,13 ± 5,63%). Os valores de densidade radiográfica, em tons de cinza, foram menores nos animais do grupo OVX-água (183,49 ± 6,47), significantemente diferentes daqueles observados nos grupos que receberam alendronato ("sham"-ALN: 193,85 ± 3,81; OVX-ALN: 196,06 ± 5,11) e no grupo "sham"-água (193,66 ± 4,36). Outras comparações entre grupos não revelaram diferenças estatísticas. Concluiu-se que a ovariectomia reduziu a densidade óssea alveolar e que o tratamento com alendronato sódico foi eficiente para o tratamento desta situação. Abstract in english Bisphosphonates are currently used in the treatment of many diseases involving increased bone resorption such as osteoporosis. Statins have been widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and recent studies have shown that these drugs are also capable of stimulating bone formation. The pu [...] rpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of an estrogen deficient state and the effects of simvastatin and sodium alendronate therapies on alveolar bone in female rats. Fifty-four rats were either ovariectomized (OVX) or sham operated. A month later, the animals began to receive a daily dose of simvastatin (SIN - 25 mg/kg), sodium alendronate (ALN - 2 mg/kg) or water (control) orally. Thirty-five days after the beginning of the treatment, the rats were sacrificed and their left hemimandibles were removed and radiographed using digital X-ray equipment. The alveolar radiographic density under the first molar was determined with gray-level scaling and the values were submitted to analysis of variance (a = 5%). Ovariectomized rats gained more weight (mean ± standard deviation: 20.06 ± 6.68%) than did the sham operated animals (12.13 ± 5.63%). Alveolar radiographic density values, expressed as gray levels, were lowest in the OVX-water group (183.49 ± 6.47), and differed significantly from those observed for the groups receiving alendronate (sham-ALN: 193.85 ± 3.81; OVX-ALN: 196.06 ± 5.11) and from those of the sham-water group (193.66 ± 4.36). Other comparisons between groups did not show significant differences. It was concluded that the ovariectomy reduced alveolar bone density and that alendronate was efficient for the treatment of this condition.

  17. The influence of ovariectomy, simvastatin and sodium alendronate on alveolar bone in rats Influência da ovariectomia, da sinvastatina e do alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lia Anbinder

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Bisphosphonates are currently used in the treatment of many diseases involving increased bone resorption such as osteoporosis. Statins have been widely used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and recent studies have shown that these drugs are also capable of stimulating bone formation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of an estrogen deficient state and the effects of simvastatin and sodium alendronate therapies on alveolar bone in female rats. Fifty-four rats were either ovariectomized (OVX or sham operated. A month later, the animals began to receive a daily dose of simvastatin (SIN - 25 mg/kg, sodium alendronate (ALN - 2 mg/kg or water (control orally. Thirty-five days after the beginning of the treatment, the rats were sacrificed and their left hemimandibles were removed and radiographed using digital X-ray equipment. The alveolar radiographic density under the first molar was determined with gray-level scaling and the values were submitted to analysis of variance (a = 5%. Ovariectomized rats gained more weight (mean ± standard deviation: 20.06 ± 6.68% than did the sham operated animals (12.13 ± 5.63%. Alveolar radiographic density values, expressed as gray levels, were lowest in the OVX-water group (183.49 ± 6.47, and differed significantly from those observed for the groups receiving alendronate (sham-ALN: 193.85 ± 3.81; OVX-ALN: 196.06 ± 5.11 and from those of the sham-water group (193.66 ± 4.36. Other comparisons between groups did not show significant differences. It was concluded that the ovariectomy reduced alveolar bone density and that alendronate was efficient for the treatment of this condition.Os bisfosfonatos são empregados atualmente para o tratamento de várias doenças caracterizadas pelo aumento da reabsorção óssea, como a osteoporose. As estatinas são amplamente utilizadas para redução de níveis elevados de colesterol e estudos recentes têm revelado sua ação anabólica no osso. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência da deficiência estrogênica e dos tratamentos com sinvastatina ou alendronato sódico no osso alveolar em ratas. Cinqüenta e quatro ratas sofreram ovariectomia (OVX ou cirurgia simulada ("sham". Um mês após, os animais passaram a receber diariamente, via oral, 25 mg/kg de sinvastatina (SIN, 2 mg/kg de alendronato (ALN ou água (controle. Trinta e cinco dias depois do início do tratamento os animais foram sacrificados, as hemimandíbulas esquerdas removidas e radiografadas em aparelho de raios X digital. Foi calculada a densidade radiográfica em tons de cinza da área de osso alveolar sob o primeiro molar mandibular e os valores foram submetidos a ANOVA, ao nível de 5%. Ratas ovariectomizadas ganharam mais peso (média ± desvio-padrão: 20,06 ± 6,68% que as demais (12,13 ± 5,63%. Os valores de densidade radiográfica, em tons de cinza, foram menores nos animais do grupo OVX-água (183,49 ± 6,47, significantemente diferentes daqueles observados nos grupos que receberam alendronato ("sham"-ALN: 193,85 ± 3,81; OVX-ALN: 196,06 ± 5,11 e no grupo "sham"-água (193,66 ± 4,36. Outras comparações entre grupos não revelaram diferenças estatísticas. Concluiu-se que a ovariectomia reduziu a densidade óssea alveolar e que o tratamento com alendronato sódico foi eficiente para o tratamento desta situação.

  18. Vanishing Roots: First Case Report of Idiopathic Multiple Cervico–Apical External Root Resorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, Priyadarshini; Maragathavalli; Panigrahi, Antarmayee; Patra, Padma Charan

    2015-01-01

    Idiopathic root resorption is a very rare phenomenon. Resorption in tooth is brought about by odontoclastic activity. Special mechanisms in the periodontal ligament exist to prevent mineralization of the periodontal ligament and these periodontal ligament cells produce factors that inhibit mineralized tissue resorption and are capable of regulating bone and cementum formation. When this mechanism is disturbed it manifests in resorption of root structure. This case report is of a 28-year-old male with a very rare phenomenon where external resorption of both cervical and apical portion of root of multiple teeth was observed and it is documented for the first time. PMID:25954713

  19. Vanishing roots: first case report of idiopathic multiple cervico-apical external root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudhury, Priyadarshini; Panigrahi, Rajat G; Maragathavalli; Panigrahi, Antarmayee; Patra, Padma Charan

    2015-03-01

    Idiopathic root resorption is a very rare phenomenon. Resorption in tooth is brought about by odontoclastic activity. Special mechanisms in the periodontal ligament exist to prevent mineralization of the periodontal ligament and these periodontal ligament cells produce factors that inhibit mineralized tissue resorption and are capable of regulating bone and cementum formation. When this mechanism is disturbed it manifests in resorption of root structure. This case report is of a 28-year-old male with a very rare phenomenon where external resorption of both cervical and apical portion of root of multiple teeth was observed and it is documented for the first time. PMID:25954713

  20. STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Niculescu

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The morpho – functional complex that ensures the fastening of teeth to sockets, called parodontium, is constituted of the alveolar bone, alveolodental ligament, radicular cement and gingiva, which transmit the chewing forces to the resistance functional structures within the cranium’s architectonics. This work presents the structural features of the alveolar bone, both from maxilla’s alveolar process level and mandible’s alveolar edge level. The alveolar bone is generally characterized by a sponginess contained between the two compact lamellae. The weight of the spongy bone and the compact bone differs from maxilla to mandible and, at the same time, from zone to zone. Within the spongy bone, one can notice the lamellae orientated and adapted to the pressure, traction and flexion forces as a result of the chewing forces. These lamellae are being in a continuous remodeling process, in answer to the functional requests. The compact bone, better represented and stronger at the mandible by its lamellae, vestibular outside and lingual inside, has remarkable features. All of them have not only a descriptive importance, but also an applicable one.

  1. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Celikten, Berkan; Uzuntas, Ceren Feriha; Kurt, Hakan [Faculty of Dentistry, Ankara University, Ankara (Turkmenistan)

    2014-12-15

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as 'idiopathic root resorption.' This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition to a clinical examination, the patient was imaged using conventional radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The examinations revealed multiple external and internal resorption of the teeth in all four quadrants of the jaws with an unknown cause. Multiple root resorption is a rare clinical phenomenon that should be examined using different radiographic modalities. Cross-sectional CBCT is useful in the diagnosis and examination of such lesions.

  2. Multiple idiopathic external and internal resorption: Case report with cone-beam computed tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Root resorption is loss of dental hard tissue as a result of clastic activities. The dental hard tissue of permanent teeth does not normally undergo resorption, except in cases of inflammation or trauma. However, there are rare cases of tooth resorption of an unknown cause, known as 'idiopathic root resorption.' This report would discuss a rare case of multiple idiopathic resorption in the permanent maxillary and mandibular teeth of an otherwise healthy 36-year-old male patient. In addition to a clinical examination, the patient was imaged using conventional radiography and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The examinations revealed multiple external and internal resorption of the teeth in all four quadrants of the jaws with an unknown cause. Multiple root resorption is a rare clinical phenomenon that should be examined using different radiographic modalities. Cross-sectional CBCT is useful in the diagnosis and examination of such lesions.

  3. Nutrient resorption of two evergreen shrubs in response to long?term fertilization in a bog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Meng; Murphy, Meaghan T; Moore, Tim R

    2014-02-01

    Plant resorption of multiple nutrients during leaf senescence has been established but stoichiometric changes among N, P and K during resorption and after fertilization are poorly understood. We anticipated that increased N supply would lead to further P limitation or co-limitation with N or K [i.e. P-(co)limitation], decrease N resorption and increase P and K resorption, while P and K addition would decrease P and K resorption and increase N resorption. Furthermore, Ca would accumulate while Mg would be resorbed during leaf senescence, irrespective of fertilization. We investigated the effect of N, P and K addition on resorption in two evergreen shrubs (Chamaedaphne calyculata and Rhododendron groenlandicum) in a long-term fertilization experiment at Mer Bleue bog, Ontario, Canada. In general, N addition caused further P-(co)limitation, increased P and K resorption efficiency but did not affect N resorption. P and K addition did not shift the system to N limitation and affect K resorption, but reduced P resorption proficiency. C. calyculata resorbed both Ca and Mg while R. groenlandicum resorbed neither. C. calyculata showed a higher resorption than R. groenlandicum, suggesting it is better adapted to nutrient deficiency than R. groenlandicum. Resorption during leaf senescence decreased N:P, N:K and K:P ratios. The limited response of N and K and the response of P resorption to fertilization reflect the stoichiometric coupling of nutrient cycling, which varies among the two shrub species; changes in species composition may affect nutrient cycling in bogs. PMID:24078082

  4. Two Ridges, One Explanation

    OpenAIRE

    Moschelli, George; Gavin, Sean

    2009-01-01

    We attribute the phenomenon known as "the ridge" to long range initial state correlations from Color Glass Condensate flux tubes and later stage radial flow. We show that this description can explain the amplitude and azimuthal width of the soft ridge and nearly explain that of the hard ridge, suggesting that the two are essentially the same phenomenon.

  5. Em busca de uma causa à parte da Ortodontia: hereditariedade e reabsorção apical em pacientes tratados ortodonticamente. Uma análise crítica do trabalho de Harris, Kineret e Tolley / In search of a cause apart of Orthodontics: heredity and apical resorption in patients treated Orthodontically. A critical analysis of Harris, Kineret, Tolley’s work

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto, Consolaro; Maria Fernanda, Martins-Ortiz.

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Exclusivamente a partir da equivalência radiográfica do padrão e intensidade de reabsorção dentária em tratamento ortodôntico de 103 irmãos, Harris, Kineret e Tolley12 tentaram impingir um caráter hereditário a este fenômeno sem considerar a morfologia dentária e maxilar, nem tampouco outros fatores [...] envolvidos na etiopatogenia das reabsorções. No trabalho fica claro que entre os objetivos principais dos autores estava atribuir à hereditariedade a ocorrência de reabsorções dentárias durante o tratamento ortodôntico para aliviar em parte as responsabilidades profissionais perante os pacientes e a sociedade. Mas nos parece mais lógico que o profissional devesse habilitar-se para fazer a previsibilidade das reabsorções dentárias com base em seus planejamentos, considerando a morfologia radicular, o tipo de ápice dentário, a proporção coroa-raiz e a morfologia da crista óssea alveolar, bem como evitando escolher, sempre que possível, os procedimentos que mais usualmente estão associados à reabsorção radicular. Se o paciente apresentar-se com morfologias desfavoráveis e ainda assim necessitar de procedimentos associados a um maior risco de reabsorção em seu tratamento, que o mesmo seja informado e conscientizado que as reabsorções dentárias apicais serão um custo biológico para a recuperação de sua estética e função. Considerando: 1) a grande limitação proporcionada pelo diagnóstico de reabsorções apicais em radiografias panorâmicas e telerradiografias em norma lateral (cefalométricas); 2) a ausência de análise da morfologia dentária e da crista óssea alveolar; e 3) principalmente a falta de um grupo controle para comparar se os resultados seriam equivalentes, ou não, em uma população semelhante, sem qualquer parentesco, mas com as mesmas características dentomaxilares; pode-se afirmar que as conclusões do trabalho estão severamente comprometidas em sua credibilidade científica. Tanto a abordagem empregada na discussão quanto as conclusões obtidas pelos autores, sobre correlação entre genótipo, fenótipo e reabsorção dentária, parecem despropositadas, pois não houve estudos envolvendo células, nem tampouco uma metodologia de identificação de genes ou aplicação de qualquer técnica cujos resultados permitissem inferências desta natureza. Abstract in english Harris, Kineret, Tolley12 tried to implicate heritability to root resorption exclusively though radiographic equivalence between the pattern of resorption intensity after orthodontic treatment in 103 siblings. Neither dental nor facial morphology or any other etiopathogenic factor of root resorption [...] was considered, whatsoever.It is clear in this study that the authors´ main goal was to attribute root resorption during orthodontic treatment to heritability in order to lighten the professional’s share of responsibility before patients and society. It seems more logic that the professional should try to predict root resorption when considering on treatment plan the root and alveolar crest morphology, the type of apex, crown-root proportion, and avoiding procedures known to cause more resorption. If a patient presents unfavorable morphology and still needs procedures associated with a higher risk of resorption, than he or she must be warned and informed that apical root resorption will be a biological cost to regain estetics and function. Considering on this paper: (1) the limitations to evaluate apical resorption in panoramic and cephalometric radiographs; (2) the absence of dental and alveolar crest morphology analysis; and (3) the lack of a control group in order to compare if the results would be equivalent in a similar population with no family ties but with same maxilofacial conditions; one can affirm that the scientific credibility of the conclusions are severely damaged. The conclusions drawn by the authors about genotype and phenotype concerning root resorption seem unfounded, since there was no cell analysis or gene identification method to permit such inf

  6. Em busca de uma causa à parte da Ortodontia: hereditariedade e reabsorção apical em pacientes tratados ortodonticamente. Uma análise crítica do trabalho de Harris, Kineret e Tolley In search of a cause apart of Orthodontics: heredity and apical resorption in patients treated Orthodontically. A critical analysis of Harris, Kineret, Tolley’s work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Consolaro

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Exclusivamente a partir da equivalência radiográfica do padrão e intensidade de reabsorção dentária em tratamento ortodôntico de 103 irmãos, Harris, Kineret e Tolley12 tentaram impingir um caráter hereditário a este fenômeno sem considerar a morfologia dentária e maxilar, nem tampouco outros fatores envolvidos na etiopatogenia das reabsorções. No trabalho fica claro que entre os objetivos principais dos autores estava atribuir à hereditariedade a ocorrência de reabsorções dentárias durante o tratamento ortodôntico para aliviar em parte as responsabilidades profissionais perante os pacientes e a sociedade. Mas nos parece mais lógico que o profissional devesse habilitar-se para fazer a previsibilidade das reabsorções dentárias com base em seus planejamentos, considerando a morfologia radicular, o tipo de ápice dentário, a proporção coroa-raiz e a morfologia da crista óssea alveolar, bem como evitando escolher, sempre que possível, os procedimentos que mais usualmente estão associados à reabsorção radicular. Se o paciente apresentar-se com morfologias desfavoráveis e ainda assim necessitar de procedimentos associados a um maior risco de reabsorção em seu tratamento, que o mesmo seja informado e conscientizado que as reabsorções dentárias apicais serão um custo biológico para a recuperação de sua estética e função. Considerando: 1 a grande limitação proporcionada pelo diagnóstico de reabsorções apicais em radiografias panorâmicas e telerradiografias em norma lateral (cefalométricas; 2 a ausência de análise da morfologia dentária e da crista óssea alveolar; e 3 principalmente a falta de um grupo controle para comparar se os resultados seriam equivalentes, ou não, em uma população semelhante, sem qualquer parentesco, mas com as mesmas características dentomaxilares; pode-se afirmar que as conclusões do trabalho estão severamente comprometidas em sua credibilidade científica. Tanto a abordagem empregada na discussão quanto as conclusões obtidas pelos autores, sobre correlação entre genótipo, fenótipo e reabsorção dentária, parecem despropositadas, pois não houve estudos envolvendo células, nem tampouco uma metodologia de identificação de genes ou aplicação de qualquer técnica cujos resultados permitissem inferências desta natureza.Harris, Kineret, Tolley12 tried to implicate heritability to root resorption exclusively though radiographic equivalence between the pattern of resorption intensity after orthodontic treatment in 103 siblings. Neither dental nor facial morphology or any other etiopathogenic factor of root resorption was considered, whatsoever.It is clear in this study that the authors´ main goal was to attribute root resorption during orthodontic treatment to heritability in order to lighten the professional’s share of responsibility before patients and society. It seems more logic that the professional should try to predict root resorption when considering on treatment plan the root and alveolar crest morphology, the type of apex, crown-root proportion, and avoiding procedures known to cause more resorption. If a patient presents unfavorable morphology and still needs procedures associated with a higher risk of resorption, than he or she must be warned and informed that apical root resorption will be a biological cost to regain estetics and function. Considering on this paper: (1 the limitations to evaluate apical resorption in panoramic and cephalometric radiographs; (2 the absence of dental and alveolar crest morphology analysis; and (3 the lack of a control group in order to compare if the results would be equivalent in a similar population with no family ties but with same maxilofacial conditions; one can affirm that the scientific credibility of the conclusions are severely damaged. The conclusions drawn by the authors about genotype and phenotype concerning root resorption seem unfounded, since there was no cell analysis or gene identification method to permit such inferences.

  7. Inflammatory root resorption in primary molars: prevalence and associated factors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Raquel Gonçalves, Vieira-Andrade; Clarissa Lopes, Drumond; Laura Pereira Azevedo, Alves; Leandro Silva, Marques; Maria Letícia, Ramos-Jorge.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at determining the prevalence of inflammatory root resorption and associated factors in 1068 primary mandibular molars in 453 children 3 to 12 years of age. Age, dental history and medical history were recorded using a questionnaire administered to the children's parents/caregivers. [...] Previously trained and calibrated examiners assessed radiographic images of the primary molars by direct observation, with the aid of a viewing box. Root resorption (physiological or inflammatory), dental crown status (healthy, carious with no pulp involvement, carious with pulp involvement and evidence of restoration), and pulpotomy or pulpectomy were determined. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, the chi-square test and a multiple logistic regression (p

  8. Pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption of a permanent first molar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czarnecki, Gail; Morrow, Melissa; Peters, Mathilde; Hu, Jan

    2015-01-01

    For the last 70 years, the phenomenon of pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption (PIR) has been described in the literature, including a number of case reports illustrating the challenges clinicians face in diagnosing and managing these resorptive defects. Pre-eruptively affected teeth can be difficult to access and posteruptively they are difficult to diagnose because the defects resemble caries. Many times, these defects are not detected until after eruption, when the majority are diagnosed as dental decay and teeth are often subjected to surgical tooth restoration. The purposes of this paper are to report a case of nonprogressive PIR that was detected early, treated with a preventive glass ionomer sealant, and monitored for 44 months, and to propose an alternative approach to management of nonprogressive defects that may help preserve tooth structure. PMID:25514260

  9. Descrição fonética eletropalatográfica de fones alveolares / Phonetic description of alveolar phones using electropalatography

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marisa de Sousa Viana, Jesus; Cesar, Reis.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a descrição articulatória do Português Brasileiro, examinando-se o contato da língua com o palato na produção de fones consonantais. MÉTODOS: Foi utilizada a eletropalatografia (EPG) de consoantes alveolares do Português Brasileiro de um sujeito com fala típica, considerando-se o [...] índice alveolar, pós-alveolar, palatal e velar e a porcentagem de contatos ativados no ponto de máxima constrição, assim como a inspeção visual dos palatogramas. RESULTADOS: Observou-se, conforme o esperado, que todos os fones avaliados têm, no ponto de máxima constrição, maior contato na região alveolar. Os fones /t/, /d/ e /n/ foram os que apresentaram maior contato alveolar, com obstrução total da corrente aérea; os fones fricativos /s/ e /z/ caracterizaram-se pela ausência de contato no eixo longitudinal central; o fone lateral /l/ não apresentou contato no eixo longitudinal lateral e o tapa, /?/, apresentou poucos contatos da língua com o palato e foi produzido com o menor tempo de duração. CONCLUSÃO: Por meio da eletropalatografia, pode-se fazer uma descrição detalhada da forma e da extensão do contato língua-palato nos diferentes fones alveolares do Português. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To describe the articulation of the Brazilian Portuguese, by examining the tongue-palate contact in the production of consonantal phones. METHODS: The electropalatography (EPG) of the alveolar consonants of the Brazilian Portuguese produced by an individual with typical speech was used, con [...] sidering the alveolar, post-alveolar, palatal, and velar rates, as well as the percentage of activated contacts at the point of maximum constriction, and the visual inspection of palatograms. RESULTS: As expected, it was observed that all the examined phones have more contact in the alveolar region at the point of maximum constriction. The phones /t/, /d/ and /n/ showed more alveolar contact, with total obstruction of the air stream; the fricative phones /s/ and /z/ were characterized by the absence of contact at the central longitudinal axis; the lateral phone /l/ did not present contact at the lateral longitudinal axis, and the tap /?/ showed not only few tongue-palate contacts but it was also produced in the shortest duration time. CONCLUSION: The electopalatography allowed a detailed description of the extension of the tongue-palate contact in the different alveolar phones of the Brazilian Portuguese and how they occur.

  10. Effects of surface microtopography on the assembly of the osteoclast resorption apparatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geblinger, Dafna; Zink, Christian; Spencer, Nicholas D; Addadi, Lia; Geiger, Benjamin

    2012-07-01

    Bone degradation by osteoclasts depends on the formation of a sealing zone, composed of an interlinked network of podosomes, which delimits the degradation lacuna into which osteoclasts secrete acid and proteolytic enzymes. For resorption to occur, the sealing zone must be coherent and stable for extended periods of time. Using titanium roughness gradients ranging from 1 to 4.5 µm R(a) as substrates for osteoclast adhesion, we show that microtopographic obstacles of a length scale well beyond the range of the 'footprint' of an individual podosome can slow down sealing-zone expansion. A clear inverse correlation was found between ring stability, structural integrity and sealing-zone translocation rate. Direct live-cell microscopy indicated that the expansion of the sealing zone is locally arrested by steep, three-dimensional 'ridge-like barriers', running parallel to its perimeter. It was, however, also evident that the sealing zone can bypass such obstacles, if pulled by neighbouring regions, extending through flanking, obstacle-free areas. We propose that sealing-zone dynamics, while being locally regulated by surface roughness, are globally integrated via the associated actin cytoskeleton. The effect of substrate roughness on osteoclast behaviour is significant in relation to osteoclast function under physiological and pathological conditions, and may constitute an important consideration in the design of advanced bone replacements. PMID:22090285

  11. A resorption cycle for the cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: A novel resorption cycle driven by low grade heat for cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration is studied. The cycle features in high exergy efficiency, very little or no ammonia liquid inside and simple structure. Highlights: ? A resorption cogeneration cycle for electricity and refrigeration is proposed. ? The cycle improved refrigeration COP by 10 times compared with Goswami cycle. ? The highest exergy efficiency of the cogeneration cycle is as high as 0.9. ? The cycle also features in safety and simple structure. - Abstract: This paper describes a novel resorption cycle driven by the low grade heat for the cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration, which is based on ammonia adsorption refrigeration technology. The presented cycle features a variable endothermic process which stands for higher adaptability if compared with the traditional Rankine cycle, very little or no ammonia liquid in the system which is a safety feature, solid adsorbents inside the beds, and simple structure for the fact of no rectifying equipment and circulation pumps required by the working fluids. This cycle can be utilised for the heat source with the temperature higher than 100 °C, and it has an electricity generation exergy efficiency of up to 0.69 and a refrigeration coefficient of performance (COP) of up to 0.77. If compared with the Goswami cycle, which is established based on the absorption Kalina cycle for the cogeneration of electricity and refrigeration, the novel resorption cycle kept the merit of the high exergy efficiency for electricity generation, meanwhile, it overcame the limitation of the low refrigeration coefficient of performance (COP) of Goswami cycle, and improved the COP by 10 times. The optimum overall exergy efficiency is as high as 0.9, which is 40–60% improved compared with the Goswami cycle under the same working conditions

  12. Modelling of TH-dependent regulation of tadpole tail resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Troncale, Sylvie; Thuret, Raphae?l; Fierro, Anna-carolina; Ben, C.; Pollet, Nicolas; Comet, Jean-paul; Bernot, Gilles

    2007-01-01

    Tail resorption observed at the time of amphibian metamorphosis is controlled by the thyroid hormone (TH). The inherent regulation network is complex and involves an important number of different factors. Consequently, global understanding of this biological process needs elaborate experiments. However, these experiments may be difficult to realize because of the need to manipulate in space and in time gene expression and hormonal treatments. Hence, we first modelled and simulated the biologi...

  13. Management of Internal Root Resorption on Permanent Teeth

    OpenAIRE

    Elisabeth Nilsson; Eric Bonte; François Bayet; Jean-Jacques Lasfargues

    2013-01-01

    Internal root resorption (IRR) is a particular category of pulp disease characterized by the loss of dentine as a result of the action of clastic cells stimulated by pulpal inflammation. This review article explains the etiology, the prevalence of IRR, and, in addition to the clinical data, the contribution of the three-dimensional imaging (CBCT) to the diagnosis, the clinical decision, and the therapeutic management of IRR. The authors discussed the various therapeutic options including the ...

  14. Tooth root resorption induced in rats by diphenylhydantoin and parathyroidectomy.

    OpenAIRE

    Robinson, P. B.; Harvey, W.

    1989-01-01

    Changes in bone, cartilage and the dentition in animals and man following the administration of anticonvulsant drugs resemble those seen in hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism. Groups of 21-day-old rats were treated with diphenylhydantoin, parathyroidectomized, or made hypocalcaemic with a calcium-deficient diet. Histological examination revealed extensive resorption of cementum and dentine in the molars of the drug-treated and parathyroidectomized rats, but not in the hypocalcaem...

  15. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucan, E S; Keyf, A I; Aydilek, R; Yalcin, Z; Sebit, S; Kudu, M; Ok, U

    1993-02-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial disease, which, though rare, is for unknown reasons most common in Turkey. PMID:8493634

  16. Conservative Management of Invasive Cervical Resorption: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhan Raza Khan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Invasive cervical resorption is a condition that affects the root surface area below the epithelial attachment. Multiple treatment modalities are advocated, involving exposure of the invasive defect, removal of the granulation tissue and sealing with various restorative materials. This report demonstrates conservative treatment of a patient presenting with peri-apical periodontitis in upper right central and lateral incisors, along with Class II invasive resorption defect cervically on the mesial aspect of the central incisor, as a result of trauma. As the patient was not willing for any surgical intervention, only ortho-grade root canal treatment was carried out in both teeth, with Calcium hydroxide as intra-canal medicament. At three year follow-up, the patient remains asymptomatic demonstrating radiographic evidence of infilling of defect with bone-like tissue.Within the limitations of this report, it was seen that this conservative method for halting the progression of invasive cervical resorption could be under taken in patients who are un-willing for surgical intervention or in whom surgery is contra-indicated.

  17. A Comparison of Panoramic, Periapical and Bite Wing Radiographies in Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Loss in Periodiontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Haerian Ardakani

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The height of the alveolar bone, is normally maintained by equilibrium between bone formation and bone resorption, but in periodontal disease more destruction or lack of bone formation will reduce the alveolar bone height. However the radiography is important in diagnosis, treatment plan and detection of quality and quantity of the alveolar bone; although the type of radiography is more important. The purpose of this study is the comparison between panaromic, P.A (Parallel, Bite Wing radiographs in diagnosis of periodontitis. Methods: This study was descriptive cross-Sectional study Periapical (PA, Bitewing (B.W & Panoramic radiographic images in 32 pationent 13 male and 19 female with moderate to advanced periodontitis (mean age 38 year were taken before surgical treatment. Actual hight of defect were measured by a William's probe during surgery, the distance between cemento enamel junction (CEJ and alveolar crest were measured on radiographs using a digital vernie scale as will as. Actual measurements were compared with values taken from panoramic PA, B.W radiographs. For Data analysis Paired t test was used. Results: A total of 314 linear distances from the panoramic PA , B.W, and CEJ/BL were measured. The mean difference between panoramic and actual Measurements (0.115 and 0.28 P=(0.24-0.07, were not satistically significant (P> 0.05. The mean difference between P.A and actual measurements (0.279-0.498 P=(0.0001-0.004 showed a satistically significant difference (P< 0.05. The mean deference between BW and actual Measurements (0.576-0.613 P=(0.24-0.07 were satistically significant (P<0.05. Conclusion: Although, all forms of radiographic images showed agreement in detection of periodontal bone loss, the accuracy of panoramic radiographs was more than PA & BW radiographs'. Specially when the magnification was adjusted in panoramic radiography.

  18. Rapid maxillary expansion in alveolar cleft repaired with a tissue-engineered bone in a canine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Jialiang; Tian, Bo; Chu, Fengting; Yang, Chenjie; Zhao, Jun; Jiang, Xinquan; Qian, Yufen

    2015-08-01

    This study aims to investigate the effects of orthodontic expansion on graft area of a tissue-engineered bone (TEB) BMSCs/?-TCP, and to find an alternative strategy for the therapy of alveolar cleft. A unilateral alveolar cleft canine model was established and then treated with BMSCs/?-TCP under rapid maxillary expansion (RME). Sequential fluorescent labeling, radiography and helical computed tomography were used to evaluate new bone formation and mineralization in the graft area. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Van Gieson?s picro fuchsin staining were performed for histological and histomorphometric observation. ALP activity, mineralization and the expression of osteogenic differentiation related genes of BMSCs that grew on the ?-TCP scaffold were promoted by their cultivation in osteogenic medium. Based on fact, TEB was constructed. After 8 weeks of treatment with BMSCs/?-TCP followed by RME, new bone formation and mineralization of the dogs were markedly accelerated, and bone resorption was significantly reduced, compared with the untreated dogs, or those only treated with autogenous iliac bone. The treatment with both TEB and RME evidently made the bone trabecula more abundant and the area of bone formation larger. What is more, there were no significant differences between BMSCs/?-TCP group and the group treated with autogenous bone and RME. This study further revealed that TEB was not only a feasible clinical approach for patients with alveolar cleft, but also a potential substituent of autogenous bone, and its combination with RME might be an alternative strategy for the therapy of alveolar cleft. PMID:25913611

  19. A radiologic study of the teeth resorption in the area of a ameloblastoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An ameloblastoma produces more extensive resorption of the teeth on which it encroaches than do most of the other lesions. In this study, intraoral and extraoral radiographs of 78 cases of ameloblastoma were observed and the root resorption associated with ameloblastoma was classified into four types of resorption. With these, the following conclusions were obtained. 1. The root resorption was observed in 72 cases of ameloblastoma. (92.3%) 2. In the aspect of resorptive changes of 424 roots observed, 342 roots showed smooth resorption. (80.6%) 3. The 424 roots associated with ameloblastoma revealed the following radiographic features. a) Root apex resorption in contact with the lesion appeared in 189 roots. (44.5%) b) The resorption of roots projected into the lesion appeared in 147 roots. (34.5%) c) Slight resorption of root surface in contact with the lesion was observed in 56 roots. (13.2%) d) Loss of lamina dura and periodontal space without root resorption were observed in 32 roots. (7.7%)

  20. Responses of plant nutrient resorption to phosphorus addition in freshwater marsh of Northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Rong; Zeng, De-Hui; Zhang, Xin-Hou; Song, Chang-Chun

    2015-01-01

    Anthropogenic activities have increased phosphorus (P) inputs to most aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. However, the relationship between plant nutrient resorption and P availability is still unclear, and much less is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here, we used a multi-level P addition experiment (0, 1.2, 4.8, and 9.6 g P m-2 year-1) to assess the effect of P enrichment on nutrient resorption at plant organ, species, and community levels in a freshwater marsh of Northeast China. The response of nutrient resorption to P addition generally did not vary with addition rates. Moreover, nutrient resorption exhibited similar responses to P addition across the three hierarchical levels. Specifically, P addition decreased nitrogen (N) resorption proficiency, P resorption efficiency and proficiency, but did not impact N resorption efficiency. In addition, P resorption efficiency and proficiency were linearly related to the ratio of inorganic P to organic P and organic P fraction in mature plant organs, respectively. Our findings suggest that the allocation pattern of plant P between inorganic and organic P fractions is an underlying mechanism controlling P resorption processes, and that P enrichment could strongly influence plant-mediated biogeochemical cycles through altered nutrient resorption in the freshwater wetlands of Northeast China.

  1. A scanning electron microscopic study of the patterns of external root resorption under different conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravindran Sreeja

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if there are qualitative differences in the appearance of external root resorption patterns of primary teeth undergoing physiologic resorption and permanent teeth undergoing pathological root resorption in different conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 teeth undergoing external root resorption in different conditions were divided into 4 groups and prepared for examination under scanning electron microscopy at magnifications ranging from 20x to 1000x. Group I: 10 primary molars exfoliated due to physiologic root resorption; Group II: 10 permanent teeth with periapical granulomas showing signs of resorption; Group III:10 permanent teeth therapeutically extracted during the course of orthodontic therapy with evidence of resorption, and Group IV: 10 permanent teeth associated with odontogenic tumors that showed evidence of resorption. RESULTS: In Group I, the primary teeth undergoing resorption showed smooth extensive and predominantly regular areas reflecting the slow ongoing physiologic process. In Group II, the teeth with periapical granulomas showed the resorption was localized to apex with a funnel shaped appearance in most cases. Teeth in Group III, which had been subjected to a short period of light orthodontic force, showed the presence of numerous resorption craters with adjoining areas of cemental repair in some cases. Teeth associated with odontogenic tumors in Group IV showed many variations in the patterns of resorption with extensive loss of root length and a sharp cut appearance of the root in most cases. CONCLUSION: Differences were observed in the patterns of external root resorption among the studied groups of primary and permanent teeth under physiologic and pathological conditions.

  2. A scanning electron microscopic study of the patterns of external root resorption under different conditions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ravindran, Sreeja; Chaudhary, Minal; Tumsare, Madhuri; Patil, Swati; Wadhwan, Vijay.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine if there are qualitative differences in the appearance of external root resorption patterns of primary teeth undergoing physiologic resorption and permanent teeth undergoing pathological root resorption in different conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A [...] total of 40 teeth undergoing external root resorption in different conditions were divided into 4 groups and prepared for examination under scanning electron microscopy at magnifications ranging from 20x to 1000x. Group I: 10 primary molars exfoliated due to physiologic root resorption; Group II: 10 permanent teeth with periapical granulomas showing signs of resorption; Group III:10 permanent teeth therapeutically extracted during the course of orthodontic therapy with evidence of resorption, and Group IV: 10 permanent teeth associated with odontogenic tumors that showed evidence of resorption. RESULTS: In Group I, the primary teeth undergoing resorption showed smooth extensive and predominantly regular areas reflecting the slow ongoing physiologic process. In Group II, the teeth with periapical granulomas showed the resorption was localized to apex with a funnel shaped appearance in most cases. Teeth in Group III, which had been subjected to a short period of light orthodontic force, showed the presence of numerous resorption craters with adjoining areas of cemental repair in some cases. Teeth associated with odontogenic tumors in Group IV showed many variations in the patterns of resorption with extensive loss of root length and a sharp cut appearance of the root in most cases. CONCLUSION: Differences were observed in the patterns of external root resorption among the studied groups of primary and permanent teeth under physiologic and pathological conditions.

  3. Compression-absorption (resorption) refrigerating machinery. Modeling of reactors; Machine frigorifique a compression-absorption (resorption). Modelisation des reacteurs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lottin, O.; Feidt, M.; Benelmir, R. [LEMTA-UHP Nancy-1, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)

    1997-12-31

    This paper is a series of transparencies presenting a comparative study of the thermal performances of different types of refrigerating machineries: di-thermal with vapor compression, tri-thermal with moto-compressor, with ejector, with free piston, adsorption-type, resorption-type, absorption-type, compression-absorption-type. A prototype of ammonia-water compression-absorption heat pump is presented and modeled. (J.S.)

  4. Microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar: caso clínico / Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: Report of one case

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cristina, Fernández F; Mauricio, Salinas F; José Andrés, de Grazia K; Juan Carlos, Díaz P.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is an extremely rare disease characterized by intra-alveolar accumulation of calcified spherical particles (called microliths), due to a mutation of the gene encoding a membrane transport protein of the alveolar surface. Most patients are asymptomatic at diagnosis. [...] The course of the disease is slowly progressive, with development of pulmonary fibrosis and respiratory failure. The "sandstorm" pattern is the characteristic finding of this disease. We report a 39-year-old female presenting with progressive dyspnea. A chest X ray showed ground-glass opacities and a high resolution CT scan showed numerous calcified lung micronodules. A surgical lung biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis.

  5. Stresses in implant-supported overdentures with bone resorption: a 3-D finite element analysis / Tensões em sobredentaduras com reabsorção óssea: análise por elementos finitos tridimensional

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luiz Oscar Honorato, Mariano; Evandro Afonso, Sartori; Josué Ricardo, Broilo; Rosemary Sadami, Shinkai; Leandro, Corso; Rogério José, Marczak.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar, através da análise por elementos finitos com modelo tridimensional, o efeito da reabsorção óssea na distribuição de tensões em prótese tipo overdenture, em situações de perda óssea ao redor dos implantes e reabsorção do rebordo posterior. METODOLOGIA: Foram construídos modelos tri [...] dimensionais de uma mandíbula e de intermediários protéticos, prótese total, placa resiliente e implante. Os modelos geométricos dos implantes e intermediários protéticos foram montados na região dos caninos, constituindo o modelo 1. Para a construção dos modelos experimentais, o contorno do modelo geométrico da mandíbula foi alterado para simular a perda óssea nos implantes (modelo 2) e a reabsorção do rebordo posterior associada à perda óssea marginal nos implantes (modelo 3). Para gerar a malha de elementos finitos os materiais foram considerados homogêneos, isotrópicos e linearmente elásticos. Uma carga de 100 N foi aplicada indiretamente, sobre uma simulação de bolo alimentar, na região de primeiro molar inferior direito em cada um dos três modelos. Foram analisadas as distribuições de tensão de von Mises em pontos pré-determinados. RESULTADOS: A reabsorção óssea do rebordo posterior associada à perda óssea do osso periimplantar promoveu maior concentração de tensões nos implantes, nos componentes protéticos e no tecido ósseo marginal. Houve maior concentração de tensões no osso periimplantar e nos implantes no mesmo lado de aplicação da carga. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados sugerem que a perda óssea periimplantar aumenta a concentração de tensões nos implantes, pilares e osso marginal independentemente da reabsorção óssea na crista distal. Abstract in english PURPOSE: This 3D-finite elements method study evaluated the effect of bone resorption on the stress distribution in overdentures with bone loss surrounding implants and resorption of the distal ridge. METHODS: Tridimensional models were built from the images of a computerized tomography of a mandibl [...] e and 3D laser digitalization of implants, abutments, mucosa, and complete denture. The geometric models of implants and abutments were mounted at the canine region to build reference model 1 - absence of bone resorption. To build the test models the mandible geometric solid was modified to simulate 2-mm vertical bone loss surrounding the implants (model 2) and resorption of the distal ridge (model 3). Finite elements models were generated, and a 100 N static load was applied at the first molar region of each model to compare the von Mises stress distributions in selected points. RESULTS: Von Mises stresses increased on the bone surrounding implants and on the prosthetic components in the model with 2-mm vertical bone loss. The combination of 2-mm vertical bone loss and resorption of the distal ridge did not increase the stresses compared with the model with only bone loss surrounding implants. The highest stress concentration at marginal bone and implants occurred on the same side of the vertical load application for all models. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the bone loss surrounding implants increases stress concentration in dental implants, abutments, and marginal bone independently from the bone resorption of the distal ridge.

  6. [Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis--a clinical case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murgoci, G; Galbenu, P; Anastasatu, O; Nichita, E; Ene, V

    1997-01-01

    A new case of alveolar microlithiasis is reported, demanding for the diagnosis besides the radio-clinical investigations, complete respiratory function tests, also the pathologic proof. Authors recall the diagnostic approach and our present ignorance of the pathogenesis of this curious entity; no valid therapy is presently able to check the relentless course toward progressive respiratory failure. PMID:9654968

  7. Orthodontic treatment in patient with idiopathic root resorption: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rey, Diego; Smit, Rosana Martínez; Gamboa, Liliana

    2015-01-01

    Multiple idiopathic external root resorption is a rare pathological condition usually detected as an incidental radiographic finding. External root resorption of permanent teeth is a multifactorial process related to several local and systemic factors. If an etiological factor cannot be identified for root resorption, the term "idiopathic" is applied. This report presents a case of multiple idiopathic apical root resorption. The condition was found in a young female patient seeking orthodontic treatment due to malocclusion. This kind of resorption starts apically and progresses coronally, causing a gradual shortening and rounding of the remaining root. Patients with this condition are not the ideal candidates for orthodontic treatment; however, the aim of this report is to describe an unusual case of idiopathic root resorption involving the entire dentition, and to present the orthodontic treatment of this patient. It describes the progress and completion of orthodontic therapy with satisfactory end results. PMID:25741832

  8. Orthodontic treatment and root resorption of teeth: Critical analysis of mechanical factors.

    OpenAIRE

    Ioulia Ioannidou-Marathiotou; Moshos A. Papadopoulos

    2010-01-01

    AIM: The aim of this review is the presentation and critical analysis of the mechanical factors associated with orthodontic treatment and implicated in the formation of root resorption.METHOD: Original articles and reviews pertaining to this topic were searched at the data base PubMed until May 2009.FINDINGS: Root resorption shows considerable variations. Individuals may present minimal or significant resorption, more than 3 mm while a percentage of 5% may present more than 5 mm. The magnitud...

  9. Internal and External Root Resorption Management: A Report of Two Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Hegde, Nanditha; Hegde, Mithra N.

    2013-01-01

    The response of the dentoalveolar apparatus to infection is characterized by inflammation which may result in tooth resorption. Depending upon the type of resorption and etiology, different treatment regimens have been proposed. The following two cases demonstrate internal and external inflammatory root resorption arrest by conventional nonsurgical endodontic therapy combined with calcium hydroxide-iodoform dressing, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and flowable gutta-percha system.The patien...

  10. Nonsurgical Endodontic Retreatment of Advanced Inflammatory External Root Resorption Using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Obturation

    OpenAIRE

    Sangeeta Talwar; Gaurav Garg; Shipra Arora; Shivani Utneja

    2012-01-01

    Inflammatory external root resorption is one of the major complications after traumatic dental injury. In this case report, we describe treatment of a maxillary central incisor affected by severe, perforating external root resorption. An 18-year-old patient presented with a previously traumatized, root-filled maxillary central incisor associated with pain and sinus tract. Radiographic examination revealed periradicular lesion involving pathologic resorption of the apical region of the root an...

  11. Conservative management of progressive external inflammatory root resorption after traumatic tooth intrusion

    OpenAIRE

    Ghafoor, Robia

    2013-01-01

    Intrusive luxation is one of the most severe types of dental trauma. The risk of development of inflammatory or replacement root resorption is high if not timely managed. Endodontic intervention is required soon after the occurrence of trauma, in an attempt to prevent or delay inflammatory root resorption. This case report emphasized timely referral for endodontic management of intruded tooth to prevent inflammatory root resorption.

  12. Técnica de Separación de Reborde Alveolar en Región Posterior de Mandíbula con Implante Inmediato / Splint Crest Technique for Alveolar Bone in Posterior Region of Mandible with Immediate Implant

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Leandro, Pozzer; Luca, Cavalieri-Pereira; Sergio, Olate; Jose, Albergaria Barbosa; Luciana, Asprino; Marcio, de Moraes.

    Full Text Available La implantología actual ha evolucionado rápidamente diseñando nuevas técnicas para tratar situaciones clínicas criticas; la reabsorción ósea presenta un constante desafío para la instalación de implantes dentales. Se presenta un caso clínico donde se utilizo la técnica de separación alveolar en el s [...] ector posterior de mandíbula en conjunto con la instalación de implantes dentales; la cirugía se desarrollo con anestesia local de forma exitosa. Con un seguimiento de 10 meses se presenta de forma optima demostrando la eficiencia de la técnica. Son discutidos aspectos relevantes de la cirugía así como también los elementos que podrían ayudar a optimizar los resultados postquirúrgicos. Abstract in english Nowadays, dental implantology presents an evolution with new techniques for treatment of critical situation; bone resorption is a challenge for dental implant installation.This paper presents a case with the splint crest technique in the posterior area of mandible with installation of dental implant [...] ; the surgery was done with local anesthesia with success of procedure. A 10 month follow-up show good results presenting the efficiency of this technique.We discussed relevant aspects of the technique and other situations to improve surgical options and results.

  13. Physiological and pathological factors and mechanisms in the process of root resorption in primary teeth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianca Zimmermann Santos

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tooth resorption is essential in the process of root resorption in primary teeth. However, pathological root resorption, mainly the inflammatory one, is a consequence and/or complication of several clinical conditions, such as dental trauma and periapical inflammatory lesions from dental caries, thus becoming a common cause of tooth loss. Objective: To present and discuss a literature review regarding the mechanisms of physiological and inflammatory pathological root resorption in primary teeth, emphasizing their biochemical and cellular events. Literature review: The odontoclasts cells are responsible for resorption of dental tissues, and they are influenced by several stimuli and molecular signals derived from cytokines, neuropeptides, hormones and degradation products released when tissue is injured. However, so far it is not clear what leads to the differentiation of the precursor cells of odontoclasts, what gives them the signal to start the resorption in a specific place and time (especially in primary teeth and why they are activated in some pathological conditions,but not in others.Conclusion: The knowledge regarding molecular mechanisms and factors that regulate the process of root resorption is still meager.Research in this area is of great relevance,since new knowledge about the molecular pathway(s involved in root resorption may allow the development of different therapies, more biological ones, in order to control or prevent resorption, thus preventing tooth loss and its consequences.

  14. Healing of external root resorption associated with odontogenic keratocyst: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardino Isaac Cerda CRISTERNA

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: A case of external root resorption associated to an odontogenic keratocyst is presented. Case report and conclusion: A review of the pertinent literature revealed that this cyst is not considered a common etiological factor for external root resorption. X-ray examinations showed root resorption in the teeth involved in an odontogenic keratocyst.Root canal treatment with calcium hydroxide mixed with propylenglicol was performed. The paste was applied at definite intervals during a 10 month period. X-rays were taken at each interval. At final X-ray examinations showed no signs of root resorption and the filling was completed.

  15. Effects of heparin, histamine, and salmon calcitonin on mouse calvarial bone resorption.

    OpenAIRE

    Crisp, A. J.; Wright, J. K.; Hazleman, B. L.

    1986-01-01

    A quantitative mouse calvarial bone resorption assay was employed to investigate the effects of the mast cell products, heparin and histamine, and of salmon calcitonin. 'Amorphous' heparin, containing a range of molecular weight fractions, inhibited resorption by 15-20% at concentrations of 0.75-5.0 mg/ml. A 'defined' heparin species of mol.wt 13 500 inhibited resorption by 14-28% at 10(-5)-10(-4) mol/l. Histamine inhibited resorption by 19-55% at 10(-3)-10(-2) mol/l. It is proposed that hepa...

  16. Root Resorption a 6-Year Follow-up Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, Caroline; Closs, Luciane; Barletta, Fernando; Reston, Eduardo; Tovo, Maximiano F; Lambert, Paula

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the clinical course of a pediatric patient developing cervical external root resorption (CERR). An 11-year old male patient had sustained dental trauma and was diagnosed with crown fracture affecting the incisal and middle thirds of the maxillary right permanent central incisor and the maxillary right permanent lateral incisor with pulp exposure and CERR after 24 months. Diagnosis and treatment of CERR are a challenge for dental practitioners. In this case, preservation of natural dentition is shown as a successful treatment in a 6-year follow-up. PMID:25870717

  17. Association of vitamin D3 with alveolar bone regeneration in dogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Hsiang-Hsi; Yen, Tzung-Hai; Hong, Adrienne; Chou, Ting-An

    2015-01-01

    Designed sockets prepared on the mandibles of nine Beagle dogs were divided into three groups: Calcitriol +Alloplast, Alloplast and Empty. Five of the nine dogs received Vit.D3 and calcium supplement (Vit.D/Ca group), while the other four dogs without supplements were assigned to Non-Vit.D/Ca group. After 4 weeks, the extent of vertical ridge resorption (VRR), bone density (density), new bone formation (NBF) and implant stability quotient (ISQ) were measured. Following systemic Vit.D/Ca administration, the Empty subgroup showed significant differences from the Calcitriol + Alloplast subgroup on variants NBF/Density/VRR and the Alloplast subgroup on items NBF/Density/ISQ/VRR. Alternatively, the Calcitriol + Alloplast subgroup revealed higher values of NBF/Density/ISQ (P dogs. Within the using dose, systemic vitamin D3 treatment displayed a superior stimulating effect than local vitamin D3 application did. PMID:25753943

  18. Bmp2 and Bmp4 accelerate alveolar bone development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou, Mingming; Zhao, Yibing; Zhang, Fangming; Huang, Xiaofeng

    2015-06-01

    Alveolar bone remodeling is a continuous process that takes place during development and in response to various physiological and pathological stimuli. However, detailed knowledge regarding the underlying mechanisms involved in alveolar bone development is still lacking. This study aims at improving our understanding of alveolar bone formation and the role of bone morphogenetic proteins (Bmps) in this process. Mice at embryonic (E) day 13.5 to postnatal (PN) day 15.5 were selected to observe the process of alveolar bone development. Alveolar bone development was found to be morphologically observable at E14.5. Molar teeth isolated from mice at PN7.5 were pretreated with Bmp2, Bmp4, Noggin, or BSA, and grafted subcutaneously into mice. The subcutaneously implanted tooth germs formed alveolar bone indicating the role of the dental follicle in alveolar bone development. Alveolar bone formation was increased after pretreatment with Bmp2 and Bmp4, but not with Noggin. Gene expression levels in dental follicle cells from murine molars were also determined by real-time RT-PCR. The expression levels of Runx2, Bsp, and Ocn were significantly higher in dental follicle cells cultured with Bmp2 or Bmp4, and significantly lower in those cultured with Noggin when compared with that of the BSA controls. Our results suggest that the dental follicle participates in alveolar bone formation and Bmp2/4 appears to accelerate alveolar bone development. PMID:25491151

  19. Characteristic aspects of alveolar proteinosis diagnosis / Aspectos característicos do diagnóstico da proteinose alveolar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Thiago Prudente, Bártholo; José Gustavo, Pugliese; Luiz Carlos Aguiar, Vaz; Cláudia Henrique da, Costa; Rogério, Rufino.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Proteinose alveolar é uma doença pulmonar incomum caracterizada pelo acúmulo de surfactante nas vias aéreas terminais e nos alvéolos, alterando a troca gasosa e, em alguns casos, promovendo insuficiência respiratória. Três formas clínicas e etiologicamente distintas de proteinose alveolar são reconh [...] ecidas: congênitas, secundárias e idiopáticas (mais de 90% dos casos são de etiologia idiopática). Neste relato, apresentamos um homem jovem que foi diagnosticado com proteinose pulmonar. Tomografia computadorizada de tórax, broncoscopia e biópsia transbrônquica foram realizadas. O aspecto histopatológico foi característico. O paciente teve alta, com boas condições de saúde, e encontra-se assintomático nos dias de hoje. Abstract in english Alveolar proteinosis is an uncommon pulmonary disease characterized by an accumulation of surfactant in terminal airway and alveoli, thereby impairing gas exchange and engendering respiratory insufficiency in some cases. Three clinically and etiologically distinct forms of pulmonary alveolar protein [...] osis are recognized: congenital, secondary and idiopathic, the latter corresponding to 90% of the cases. In this case report we present a young male patient that was diagnosed with alveolar proteinosis. Computed tomography of the thorax, bronchoscopy and transbronchial biopsy were performed. The histopathologic aspect was characteristic. The patient was discharged in good health conditions and remains asymptomatic to date.

  20. Characteristic aspects of alveolar proteinosis diagnosis Aspectos característicos do diagnóstico da proteinose alveolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Prudente Bártholo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar proteinosis is an uncommon pulmonary disease characterized by an accumulation of surfactant in terminal airway and alveoli, thereby impairing gas exchange and engendering respiratory insufficiency in some cases. Three clinically and etiologically distinct forms of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis are recognized: congenital, secondary and idiopathic, the latter corresponding to 90% of the cases. In this case report we present a young male patient that was diagnosed with alveolar proteinosis. Computed tomography of the thorax, bronchoscopy and transbronchial biopsy were performed. The histopathologic aspect was characteristic. The patient was discharged in good health conditions and remains asymptomatic to date.Proteinose alveolar é uma doença pulmonar incomum caracterizada pelo acúmulo de surfactante nas vias aéreas terminais e nos alvéolos, alterando a troca gasosa e, em alguns casos, promovendo insuficiência respiratória. Três formas clínicas e etiologicamente distintas de proteinose alveolar são reconhecidas: congênitas, secundárias e idiopáticas (mais de 90% dos casos são de etiologia idiopática. Neste relato, apresentamos um homem jovem que foi diagnosticado com proteinose pulmonar. Tomografia computadorizada de tórax, broncoscopia e biópsia transbrônquica foram realizadas. O aspecto histopatológico foi característico. O paciente teve alta, com boas condições de saúde, e encontra-se assintomático nos dias de hoje.

  1. Bilateral stony lung: pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandra, Subhash; Mohan, Anant; Guleria, Randeep; Das, Prasenjit; Sarkar, Chitra

    2009-01-01

    A 40-year-old male paddy field worker was referred for exertional shortness of breath and non-productive cough for 4 years. He had been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis twice. Chest radiograph showed extensive bilateral nodular opacities ("sandstorm-like") in the middle and lower lobe. Pulmonary function tests revealed a restrictive ventilatory defect. High resolution CT showed widespread nodular infiltration with "crazy paving" appearance and interrupted black pleura sign. This was confirmed as pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) by trans-bronchial lung biopsy, which showed normal respiratory lining epithelium with dilated alveolar spaces containing many calcific bodies, some of which showed concentric calcification. The possibilities of silicosis (due to exposure to husk) and tuberculosis, both of which can mimic PAM clinically and radiologically, made this case a diagnostic challenge. PMID:21686505

  2. Silica binding and toxicity in alveolar macrophages

    OpenAIRE

    Raymond F. Hamilton; Thakur, Sheetal A.; Holian, Andrij

    2007-01-01

    Inhalation of the crystalline form of silica is associated with a variety of pathologies from acute lung inflammation to silicosis, in addition to autoimmune disorders and cancer. Basic science researchers looking at the mechanisms involved with the earliest initiators of disease are focused on how the alveolar macrophage (AM) interacts with the inhaled silica particle and the consequences of silica-induced toxicity on the cellular level. Based on experimental results, several rationales have...

  3. Alveolar Macrophage Cathelicidin Deficiency in Severe Sarcoidosis

    OpenAIRE

    Barna, Barbara P; Culver, Daniel A.; Kanchwala, Ali; Singh, Ravinder J.; Huizar, Isham; Abraham, Susamma; Malur, Anagha; Marshall, Irene; Mani S. Kavuru; Thomassen, Mary Jane

    2012-01-01

    Dysfunctional immune responses characterize sarcoidosis but the status of cathelicidin, a potent immunoregulatory and anti-microbial molecule has not been established in clinical disease activity. Alveolar macrophage cathelicidin expression was determined in biopsy-proven sarcoidosis patients classified clinically as “severe” (requiring systemic treatment) or “non-severe” (never requiring treatment). Sarcoidosis and healthy control bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells were analyzed for mRNA exp...

  4. Human alveolar macrophages produce leukotriene B4.

    OpenAIRE

    Fels, A. O.; Pawlowski, N. A.; Cramer, E. B.; King, T. K.; Cohn, Z. A.; Scott, W. A.

    1982-01-01

    Human alveolar macrophages obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage were labeled overnight with [3H]arachidonic acid. The cells were stimulated with calcium ionophore A23187, and the 20:4 oxygenated metabolites released into the culture medium were identified by reverse-phase HPLC. Leukotriene B4 was the major 20:4 metabolite produced by these cultures. Leukotriene B4 was identified by its reverse-phase HPLC elution time, its UV spectrum, and its chemotactic and chemokinetic activities for neutroph...

  5. Characterization of mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demaio, Lucas; Tseng, Wanru; Balverde, Zerlinde; Alvarez, Juan R; Kim, Kwang-Jin; Kelley, Diane G; Senior, Robert M; Crandall, Edward D; Borok, Zea

    2009-06-01

    We investigated the influence of extracellular matrix on transport properties of mouse alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) monolayers (MAECM) and transdifferentiation of isolated mouse alveolar epithelial type II (AT2) cells into an alveolar epithelial type I (AT1) cell-like phenotype. Primary mouse AT2 cells plated on laminin 5-coated polycarbonate filters formed monolayers with transepithelial resistance (R(T)) and equivalent short-circuit current (I(EQ)) of 1.8 kOmega.cm(2) and 5.3 microA/cm(2), respectively, after 8 days in culture. Amiloride (10 microM), ouabain (0.1 mM), and pimozide (10 microM) decreased MAECM I(EQ) to 40%, 10%, and 65% of its initial value, respectively. Sequential addition of pimozide and amiloride, in either order, revealed that their inhibitory effects are additive, suggesting that cyclic nucleotide-gated channels contribute to amiloride-insensitive active ion transport across MAECM. Ussing chamber measurements of unidirectional ion fluxes across MAECM under short-circuit conditions indicated that net absorption of Na(+) in the apical-to-basolateral direction is comparable to net ion flux calculated from the observed short-circuit current: 0.38 and 0.33 microeq.cm(-2).h(-1), respectively. Between days 1 and 9 in culture, AEC demonstrated increased expression of aquaporin-5 protein, an AT1 cell marker, and decreased expression of pro-surfactant protein-C protein, an AT2 cell marker, consistent with transition to an AT1 cell-like phenotype. These results demonstrate that AT1 cell-like MAECM grown on laminin 5-coated polycarbonate filters exhibit active and passive transport properties that likely reflect the properties of intact mouse alveolar epithelium. This mouse in vitro model will enhance the study of AEC derived from mutant strains of mice and help define important structure-function correlations. PMID:19329539

  6. Characterization of mouse alveolar epithelial cell monolayers

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeMaio, Lucas; Tseng, Wanru; Balverde, Zerlinde; Alvarez, Juan R.; Kim, Kwang-Jin; Kelley, Diane G.; Senior, Robert M.; Crandall, Edward D.; Borok, Zea

    2009-01-01

    We investigated the influence of extracellular matrix on transport properties of mouse alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) monolayers (MAECM) and transdifferentiation of isolated mouse alveolar epithelial type II (AT2) cells into an alveolar epithelial type I (AT1) cell-like phenotype. Primary mouse AT2 cells plated on laminin 5-coated polycarbonate filters formed monolayers with transepithelial resistance (RT) and equivalent short-circuit current (IEQ) of 1.8 k?·cm2 and 5.3 ?A/cm2, respectively, after 8 days in culture. Amiloride (10 ?M), ouabain (0.1 mM), and pimozide (10 ?M) decreased MAECM IEQ to 40%, 10%, and 65% of its initial value, respectively. Sequential addition of pimozide and amiloride, in either order, revealed that their inhibitory effects are additive, suggesting that cyclic nucleotide-gated channels contribute to amiloride-insensitive active ion transport across MAECM. Ussing chamber measurements of unidirectional ion fluxes across MAECM under short-circuit conditions indicated that net absorption of Na+ in the apical-to-basolateral direction is comparable to net ion flux calculated from the observed short-circuit current: 0.38 and 0.33 ?eq·cm?2·h?1, respectively. Between days 1 and 9 in culture, AEC demonstrated increased expression of aquaporin-5 protein, an AT1 cell marker, and decreased expression of pro-surfactant protein-C protein, an AT2 cell marker, consistent with transition to an AT1 cell-like phenotype. These results demonstrate that AT1 cell-like MAECM grown on laminin 5-coated polycarbonate filters exhibit active and passive transport properties that likely reflect the properties of intact mouse alveolar epithelium. This mouse in vitro model will enhance the study of AEC derived from mutant strains of mice and help define important structure-function correlations. PMID:19329539

  7. Phagocytic properties of lung alveolar wall cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanaka,Akisuke

    1974-04-01

    Full Text Available For the purpose to define the mechanism of heavy metal intoxication by inhalation, morphologic observations were made on rat lungs after nasal instillation of iron colloid particles of positive and negative electric charges. Histochemical observation was also made on the liver and spleen of these animals. The instilled iron colloid particles reach the alveolar cavity easily, as can be seen in the tissue sections stained by Prussian blue reaction. Alveolar macrophages do take up them avidly both of positive and negative charges, though much less the positive particles than negative ones. In contrast, the alveolar epithelial cells take up solely positive particles by phagocytosis but not negative ones. Electron microscope observation revealed that the positive particles are ingested by Type I epithelial cells by pinocytosis and by Type II cells by phagocytosis as well. Then the iron colloid particles are transferred into the basement membrane by exocytosis. Travelling through the basement membrane they are again taken up by capillary endothelial cells by phagocytosis. Some particles were found in the intercellular clefts of capillary endothelial cells but not any iron colloid particles in the intercellular spaces of epithelial cells and in the capillary lumen. However, the liver and spleen tissues of the animals given iron colloid showed a strong positive iron reaction. On the basis of these observations, the mechanism of acute intoxication by inhaling heavy metal dusts like lead fume is discussed from the view point of selective uptake of alveolar epithelial and capillary endothelial cells for the particles of the positive electric cha'rge.

  8. Ridge regression revisited

    OpenAIRE

    Boer, P. M. C.; Hafner, C. M.

    2005-01-01

    We argue in this paper that general ridge (GR) regression implies no major complication compared with simple ridge regression. We introduce a generalization of an explicit GR estimator derived by Hemmerle and by Teekens and de Boer and show that this estimator, which is more conservative, performs better than the Hoerl and Kennard estimator in terms of a weighted quadratic loss criterion.

  9. The influence of mandibular ridge anatomy on treatment outcome with conventional complete dentures

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jaiane A.M, Ribeiro; Camila M.B.M, de Resende; Ana L.C, Lopes; Arcelino, Farias-Neto; Adriana da F.P, Carreiro.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Visto que indicadores de prognostico sao uma ferramenta importante para a selecao de pacientes a serem tratados com protese total, este estudo investigou a influencia da forma e da resiliencia do rebordo alveolar mandibular sobre a retencao e estabilidade de proteses totais convencionais. Noventa e [...] tres pacientes desdentados portadores de proteses totais superior e inferior compuseram a amostra. Os dados foram coletados quanto a forma e resiliencia do rebordo mandibular. As proteses foram avaliadas para a retencao e estabilidade utilizando-se uma ferramenta objetiva e reproduzivel. As associacoes entre as caracteristicas clinicas do rebordo alveolar mandibular e retencao e estabilidade das proteses foram analisados por meio dos testes qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher (a = 0.05). Observou-se associacao significativa entre a forma do rebordo e a estabilidade da protese (p Abstract in english Since prognostic indicators are likely to take on increasing importance as a diagnostic tool for selection of patients for implant provision, this study investigated the influence of the shape and resiliency of the mandibular alveolar ridge on the retention and stability of conventional complete den [...] tures. Ninety- three edentulous patients wearing both maxillary and mandibular conventional complete dentures composed the sample. Data were collected regarding shape and resiliencyof the mandibular residual ridge. Dentures were assessed for retention and stability using an objective and reproducible tool.The associations between the clinical characteristics of the mandibular alveolar ridge and denture retention and stability were analyzed using chi-square and Fisher exact tests (a = 0.05). A significant association between ridge shape and denture stability (p

  10. Management of maxillary alveolar process fractures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shukhrat Boymuradov

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Incidence of maxillofacial traumas is reported steadily increasing, maxillary fractures being extremely severe. Maxillary alveolar process (AP and front teeth are traumatized more frequently than any other parts of the maxilla. Deprivation of teeth and AP post-traumatic flaw as well as loss of alveolar height not only create a cosmetic defect but also complicate subsequent prosthetics of the patients. The work was initiated to assess efficacy of “CollapAn L” in comparison with a combination of “Osteon”, an osteoplastic material, and “Colla Guide” resorbable membrane in prevention of AP post-traumatic flaws and deformities. 60 patients aged from 16 to 47 with the comminuted fractures of maxillary AP emergently hospitalized were examined and treated. The findings showed that Combination of “Osteon” and “Colla Guide” resorbable membrane is the one to increase efficacy of the treatment, facilitating preservation of and alveolar crest height and shape. In addition, preservation of bone tissue mineralization helps avoid risk of the bone wound inflammatory morbidity.

  11. Bimaxillary protrusion with an atrophic alveolar defect: orthodontics, autogenous chin-block graft, soft tissue augmentation, and an implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Grace S C; Chang, Chris H N; Roberts, W Eugene

    2015-01-01

    Bimaxillary protrusion in a 28-year-old woman was complicated by multiple missing, restoratively compromised, or hopeless teeth. The maxillary right central incisor had a history of avulsion and replantation that subsequently evolved into generalized external root resorption with Class III mobility and severe loss of the supporting periodontium. This complex malocclusion had a discrepancy index of 21, and 8 additional points were scored for the atrophic dental implant site (maxillary right central incisor). The comprehensive treatment plan included extraction of 4 teeth (both maxillary first premolars, the maxillary right central incisor, and the mandibular right first molar), orthodontic closure of all spaces except for the future implant site (maxillary right central incisor), augmentation of the alveolar defect with an autogenous chin-block graft, enhancement of the gingival biotype with a connective tissue graft, and an implant-supported prosthesis. Orthodontists must understand the limitations of bone grafts. Augmented alveolar defects are slow to completely turn over to living bone, so they are usually good sites for implants but respond poorly to orthodontic space closure. However, postsurgical orthodontic treatment is often indicated to optimally finish the esthetic zone before placing the final prosthesis. The latter was effectively performed for this patient, resulting in a total treatment time of about 36 months for comprehensive interdisciplinary care. An excellent functional and esthetic result was achieved. PMID:25533077

  12. The Bone Resorption Inhibitors Odanacatib and Alendronate Affect Post-Osteoclastic Events Differently in Ovariectomized Rabbits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Rosgaard; Andersen, Thomas Levin

    2014-01-01

    Odanacatib (ODN) is a bone resorption inhibitor which differs from standard antiresorptives by its ability to reduce bone resorption without decreasing bone formation. What is the reason for this difference? In contrast with other antiresorptives, such as alendronate (ALN), ODN targets only the very last step of the resorption process. We hypothesize that ODN may therefore modify the remodeling events immediately following osteoclastic resorption. These events belong to the reversal phase and include recruitment of osteoblasts, which is critical for connecting bone resorption to formation. We performed a histomorphometric study of trabecular remodeling in vertebrae of estrogen-deficient rabbits treated or not with ODN or ALN, a model where ODN, but not ALN, was previously shown to preserve bone formation. In line with our hypothesis, we found that ODN treatment compared to ALN results in a shorter reversal phase, faster initiation of osteoid deposition on the eroded surfaces, and higher osteoblast recruitment. The latter is reflected by higher densities of mature bone forming osteoblasts and an increased subpopulation of cuboidal osteoblasts. Furthermore, we found an increase in the interface between osteoclasts and surrounding osteoblast-lineage cells. This increase is expected to favor the osteoclast-osteoblast interactions required for bone formation. Regarding bone resorption itself, we show that ODN, but not ALN, treatment results in shallower resorption lacunae, a geometry favoring bone stiffness. We conclude that, compared to standard antiresorptives, ODN shows distinctive effects on resorption geometry and on reversal phase activities which positively affect osteoblast recruitment and may therefore favor bone formation.

  13. Orthodontic treatment and root resorption of teeth: Critical analysis of mechanical factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioulia Ioannidou-Marathiotou

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: The aim of this review is the presentation and critical analysis of the mechanical factors associated with orthodontic treatment and implicated in the formation of root resorption.METHOD: Original articles and reviews pertaining to this topic were searched at the data base PubMed until May 2009.FINDINGS: Root resorption shows considerable variations. Individuals may present minimal or significant resorption, more than 3 mm while a percentage of 5% may present more than 5 mm. The magnitude of forces applied by the orthodontist seems to be among the mechanical factors that may affect the formation of resorptions, while intrusion and jiggling seem to be the most harmful among the teeth movement types. Teeth resorptions also seem to be associated with the type and duration of the applied forces, the range of tooth movement, as well as with genetic and biological factors, rendering this way the dissociation and the degree of participation of these factors in the appearance of resorptions particularly difficult.CONCLUSIONS: Root resorptions of teeth are an unanticipated phenomenon of multifactorial etiology. Up until now, it seems that there is not enough evidence that could lead to specific strategies efficient to minimize or prevent the phenomenon of root resorption.

  14. Proteinosis alveolar pulmonar: Una puesta al día

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gabriela, Tabaj; Juan Ignacio, Enghelmayer; Glenda, Ernst; Liliana, Castro Zorrilla; Mirta, Scarinci.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available La Proteinosis Alveolar Pulmonar (PAP) es una enfermedad rara, caracterizada por la acumulación de surfactante en el interior del espacio alveolar, resultando en una alteración del intercambio gaseoso. El curso clínico es variable, abarcando desde la resolución espontánea hasta el fallo respiratorio [...] y muerte. Se han descripto tres formas de PAP: genética, secundaria y primaria o idiopática, siendo esta última la más frecuente en la población adulta. Avances en el conocimiento de la fisiopatología de la PAP han demostrado que la forma idiopática es el resultado de la generación de autoanticuerpos anti factor estimulante de colonias granulocito-macrófago (GM-CSF). Todas las formas de PAP resultan en disfunción macrofágica con la acumulación del material lipoproteináceo en el espacio alveolar. La PAP se caracteriza por disnea progresiva, tos seca e hipoxemia. Se encuentran opacidades bilaterales en la radiografía de tórax y la tomografía computada de alta resolución pone de manifiesto vidrio esmerilado con engrosamiento de los septos inter e intralobulillar, conformando el patrón típico en empedrado. Si bien la biopsia quirúrgica es el método de referencia para el diagnóstico definitivo, la combinación de las manifestaciones clínicas características y el lavado broncoalveolar (LBA) con material PAS positivo a menudo son suficientes para establecer el diagnóstico. El tratamiento de elección en primera medida sigue siendo el lavado pulmonar total bajo anestesia general con el objeto de remover el material proteináceo del espacio alveolar y mejorar el intercambio gaseoso. Recientemente, estudios han demostrado que el tratamiento inhalatorio o subcutáneo con GM-CSF podría beneficiar a algunos pacientes con formas idiopáticas de PAP. Abstract in english Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disorder characterized by the accumulation of surfactant lipids and protein in the alveolar spaces, resulting in impairment in gas exchange. The clinical course can be variable, ranging from spontaneous resolution to respiratory failure and death. There [...] are three forms of PAP: congenital, acquired and idiopathic, being the latter the most prevalent form in the adult population. Advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of PAP demonstrate that the idiopathic form is due to antigranulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) antibodies. All the forms of PAP cause macrophage dysfunction leading to accumulation of the proteinaceous material. PAP is characterized by progressive exertional dyspnea and nonproductive cough with hypoxemia. Bilateral infiltrates are typically present on chest radiograph; high-resolution computed tomography reveals diffuse ground-glass opacities and airspace consolidation with interlobular septal thickening in a characteristic “crazy paving” pattern. Although surgical lung biopsy will provide a definitive diagnosis, a combination of typical clinical and imaging features with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive material on bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial biopsies is usually sufficient. The current standard of care is to perform whole lung lavage under anesthesia on these patients to clear the alveolar space to help improving respiratory physiology. Recent studies have demonstrated that GM-CSF (inhalation or subcutaneous) can result in improvement in some patients with idiopathic PAP.

  15. Non-Surgical Repair of Internal Resorption with MTA: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahed Mohammadi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Internal resorption is rare in permanent teeth. Treatment is usually performed through warm gutta-percha technique. If the resorptive process perforates the root, treatment may be more difficult and is usually performed via surgical approach. Non-surgical repair of a perforating internal root resorption with MTA was conducted in this case. Before repairing the resorption, a master gutta-percha point was placed in the canal to maintain negotiability of the original canal path. Then, MTA was prepared and applied with a small carrier in the resorption area and compacted. Thereafter gutta-percha was retrieved and the access cavity was closed with a temporary filling material. In the second visit, the root canal was obturated with gutta-percha and AH26 sealer using lateral compaction technique and subsequently, the crown was restored. The symptoms and signs ceased and the result was satisfactory at the 18 month follow-up visit.

  16. Primary Cerebral Alveolar Echinococcosis: Mycology to the Rescue

    OpenAIRE

    Debourgogne, Anne; Goehringer, Franc?ois; Umhang, Ge?rald; Gauchotte, Guillaume; He?nard, Sandrine; Boue?, Franck; May, Thierry; Machouart, Marie

    2014-01-01

    A case of primary cerebral alveolar echinococcosis with a favorable outcome is reported. A universal fungal PCR enabled this diagnosis, while the initial serological analysis remained noncontributive.

  17. Risk variables of external apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina Feio Barroso

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: External apical root resorption (EARR is an adverse outcome of the orthodontic treatment. So far, no single or associated factor has been identified as responsible for EARR due to tooth movement. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association of risk variables (age, gender, extraction for orthodontic treatment and Angle classification with EARR and orthodontic treatment. METHOD: The sample (n=72 was divided into two groups according to presence (n=32 or absence (n=40 of EARR in maxillary central and lateral incisors after orthodontic treatment. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in EARR according to age, gender, extraction or type of malocclusion (p>0.05. CONCLUSION: The risk variables examined were not associated with EARR in the study population.

  18. Risk variables of external apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Carolina Feio, Barroso; Renan Lana, Devita; Eugênio José Pereira, Lages; Fernando de Oliveira, Costa; Alexandre Fortes, Drummond; Henrique, Pretti; Elizabeth Maria Bastos, Lages.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: External apical root resorption (EARR) is an adverse outcome of the orthodontic treatment. So far, no single or associated factor has been identified as responsible for EARR due to tooth movement. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association of risk variables (age, gender, extrac [...] tion for orthodontic treatment and Angle classification) with EARR and orthodontic treatment. METHOD: The sample (n=72) was divided into two groups according to presence (n=32) or absence (n=40) of EARR in maxillary central and lateral incisors after orthodontic treatment. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in EARR according to age, gender, extraction or type of malocclusion (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: The risk variables examined were not associated with EARR in the study population.

  19. Nostril Base Augmentation Effect of Alveolar Bone Graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Woojin Lee

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background The aims of alveolar bone grafting are closure of the fistula, stabilization ofthe maxillary arch, support for the roots of the teeth adjacent to the cleft on each side.We observed nostril base augmentation in patients with alveolar clefts after alveolar bonegrafting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nostril base augmentation effect ofsecondary alveolar bone grafting in patients with unilateral alveolar cleft.Methods Records of 15 children with alveolar clefts who underwent secondary alveolar bonegrafting with autogenous iliac cancellous bone between March of 2011 and May of 2012 werereviewed. Preoperative and postoperative worm’s-eye view photographs and reconstructedthree-dimensional computed tomography (CT scans were used for photogrammetry. Thedepression of the nostril base and thickness of the philtrum on the cleft side were measuredin comparison to the normal side. The depression of the cleft side pyriform aperture wasmeasured in comparison to the normal side on reconstructed three-dimensional CT.Results Significant changes were seen in the nostril base (P=0.005, the philtrum length(P=0.013, and the angle (P=0.006. The CT measurements showed significant changes in thepyriform aperture (P<0.001 and the angle (P<0.001.Conclusions An alveolar bone graft not only fills the gap in the alveolar process but alsoaugments the nostril base after surgery. In this study, only an alveolar bone graft was performedto prevent bias from other procedures. Nostril base augmentation can be achieved byperforming alveolar bone grafts in children, in whom invasive methods are not advised.

  20. Hemorragia alveolar associada a nefrite lúpica Alveolar hemorrhage associated with lupus nephritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Henrique de Oliveira Braga Teixeira

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Hemorragia alveolar, como causa de insuficiência respiratória, é pouco freqüente, com diversas etiologias possíveis. Entre elas, o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, que se apresenta geralmente como síndrome pulmão-rim, possui alta morbimortalidade. Acredita-se que a patogênese da microangiopatia, tanto renal como pulmonar, esteja associada ao depósito de imunocomplexos, que ativariam as vias de apoptose celular. Relatam-se dois casos de pacientes com nefrite lúpica que evoluíram com hemorragia alveolar associada à insuficiência respiratória necessitando de ventilação mecânica com evoluções totalmente distintas frente às terapias farmacológicas. O achado de anticorpos antimembrana basal em um dos casos evidencia a multiplicidade de mecanismos fisiopatológicos possivelmente envolvidos, que poderiam justificar as respostas heterogêneas frente aos tratamentos disponíveis.Alveolar hemorrhage leading to respiratory failure is uncommon. Various etiologies have been reported, including systemic lupus erythematosus, which generally presents as pulmonary-renal syndrome. It is believed that the pathogenesis of microangiopathy is related to deposits of immune complexes that lead to activation of cellular apoptosis. The authors report two cases of alveolar hemorrhage and respiratory failure, both requiring mechanical ventilation. The two cases had opposite outcomes after pharmacological therapy. The presence of anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies in one of the cases demonstrates the multiplicity of physiopathological mechanisms that may be involved. This multiplicity of mechanisms provides a possible explanation for the heterogeneous responses to the available treatments.

  1. Populations at Risk for Alveolar Echinococcosis, France

    OpenAIRE

    Piarroux, Martine; Piarroux, Renaud; Knapp, Jenny; Bardonnet, Karine; Dumortier, Je?ro?me; Watelet, Je?ro?me; Gerard, Alain; Beytout, Jean; Abergel, Armand; Bresson-hadni, Solange; Gaudart, Jean; Surveillance Network, Francechino

    2013-01-01

    During 1982–2007, alveolar echinococcosis (AE) was diagnosed in 407 patients in France, a country previously known to register half of all European patients. To better define high-risk groups in France, we conducted a national registry-based study to identify areas where persons were at risk and spatial clusters of cases. We interviewed 180 AE patients about their way of life and compared responses to those of 517 controls. We found that almost all AE patients lived in 22 départements in e...

  2. Alveolar macrophage interaction with air pollution particulates.

    OpenAIRE

    Goldsmith, C A; Frevert, C; Imrich, A; Sioutas, C.; Kobzik, Lester

    1997-01-01

    We applied flow cytometric analysis to characterize the in vitro response of alveolar macrophages (AM) to air pollution particulates. Normal hamster AM were incubated with varying concentrations of residual oil fly ash (ROFA) or concentrated ambient air particulates (CAP). We found a dose-dependent increase in AM-associated right angle light scatter (RAS) after uptake of ROFA (e.g., mean channel number 149.4 +/- 6.5, 102.5 +/- 4.1, 75.8 +/- 3.5, and 61.0 +/- 4.6 at 200, 100, 50, and 25 mg/ml,...

  3. Ridge jump process in Iceland

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia, Sebastian

    2010-01-01

    Eastward ridge jumps bring the volcanic zones of Iceland back to the centre of the hotspot in response to the absolute westward drift of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Mantellic pulses triggers these ridge jumps. One of them is occurring in Southern Iceland, whereas the exact conditions of the last ridge jump in Northern Iceland remain controversial. The diachronous evolution of these two parts of Iceland may be related to the asymmetric plume-ridge interaction when comparing Northern and Southern I...

  4. RIDGE Multibeam Synthesis Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    The RIDGE Program is a National Science Foundation initiative that promotes interdisciplinary study, scientific communication, and outreach related to all aspects of the globe-encircling, mid-ocean ridge system. The RIDGE Multibeam Synthesis Project site provides free access to downloadable multibeam bathymetric images and datasets of suboceanic ridges and vents. From either a hotlinked world map or a drop-down menu, users can specify the feature of interest - from the Reykjanes Ridge to the Shona Hotspot to the Galapagos Spreading Center - then progressively zoom to finer grid scales. The bathymetric images are depicted at different node spacings (100 m to 1500m) and grids are supported by the appropriate metadata. The images are also accompanied by ping data (including ship tracks) and other related data, which may include coaxial segment perspective images or isochron interpretation maps. Also, for many of the grids the user can specify subsample regions or retrieve contour areas of subregions. Links throughout the site include those to the main RIDGE page, a gallery of coaxial images, information on Served Data Formats, and the Principal Investigators involved with the Project.

  5. Tongue-Palate Contact of Perceptually Acceptable Alveolar Stops

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Alice; Gibbon, Fiona E.; O'Donovan, Cliona

    2013-01-01

    Increased tongue-palate contact for perceptually acceptable alveolar stops has been observed in children with speech sound disorders (SSD). This is a retrospective study that further investigated this issue by using quantitative measures to compare the target alveolar stops /t/, /d/ and /n/ produced in words by nine children with SSD (20 tokens of…

  6. Unexplained alveolar hemorrhage associated with ginkgo and ginseng use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlile, Paul V

    2015-04-01

    The author presents a case of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in a woman consuming Ginkgo biloba extract and ginseng. The patient had no illnesses or exposures that would predispose to diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, and an extensive evaluation revealed no etiology. The patient has had no further bleeding since discontinuing Ginkgo biloba extract and ginseng 1 year ago. PMID:25887018

  7. Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage associated with aerosol propellant use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelchen, Phillip; Jamous, Fady; Huntington, Mark K

    2013-01-01

    Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a clinical syndrome resulting from injury to the alveolar microcirculation, most commonly associated with not only autoimmune disorders or connective tissue disease, but also a variety of infections, neoplasms and toxins. We report here a case of an otherwise healthy young man with DAH attributable to an inhalation injury resulting from use of aerosol spray paint. PMID:23955981

  8. Enhanced M1/M2 macrophage ratio promotes orthodontic root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, D; Kou, X; Luo, Q; Yang, R; Liu, D; Wang, X; Song, Y; Cao, H; Zeng, M; Gan, Y; Zhou, Y

    2015-01-01

    Mechanical force-induced orthodontic root resorption is a major clinical challenge in orthodontic treatment. Macrophages play an important role in orthodontic root resorption, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we examined the mechanism by which the ratio of M1 to M2 macrophage polarization affects root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement. Root resorption occurred when nickel-titanium coil springs were applied on the upper first molars of rats for 3 to 14 d. Positively stained odontoclasts or osteoclasts with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase were found in resorption areas. Meanwhile, M1-like macrophages positive for CD68 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) persistently accumulated on the compression side of periodontal tissues. In addition, the expressions of the M1 activator interferon-? and the M1-associated pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-? were upregulated on the compression side of periodontal tissues. When the coil springs were removed at the 14th day after orthodontic force application, root resorption was partially rescued. The number of CD68(+)CD163(+) M2-like macrophages gradually increased on the compression side of periodontal tissues. The levels of M2 activator interleukin (IL)-4 and the M2-associated anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 also increased. Systemic injection of the TNF-? inhibitor etanercept or IL-4 attenuated the severity of root resorption and decreased the ratio of M1 to M2 macrophages. These data imply that the balance between M1 and M2 macrophages affects orthodontic root resorption. Root resorption was aggravated by an enhanced M1/M2 ratio but was partially rescued by a reduced M1/M2 ratio. PMID:25344334

  9. Implant-retaines mandibular overdentures; clinical and psychosocial aspects.

    OpenAIRE

    Boerrigter, Elisabeth Maria,

    1995-01-01

    Loss of teeth results in a gradual resorption of the bone of the alveolar ridge. The general pattern of this resorption has been described by Tallgren (1972) and Cawood (1988). In severe cases, resorption of the mandibular body and basal maxillary bone may also occur. As a consequence, the denture bearing area progressively reduces, eventually causing loss of retention and stability of the prostheses. With time, pain and increasing difficulty with oral functioning may occur to an extent that ...

  10. Contemporary Approaches in the Repair of Alveolar Clefts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ufuk Tatli

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common craniofacial anomalies. The repair of the alveolar clefts is an important part of the treatment for patients with cleft lip and palate. The treatment concepts of alveolar bone grafting are still controversial. The corresponding controversial issues are; timing of alveolar bone grafting, graft materials, and timing of the orthodontic expansion. In the present article, aforementioned controversial issues and contemporary treatment modalities of the maxillary alveolar clefts were reviewed in the light of current literature. In conclusion, the most suitable time for alveolar bone grafting is mixed dentition period. Grafting procedure may be performed in the early or late phases of this period depending on some clinical features. Adjunct orthodontic expansion procedures should be performed before and/or after grafting depending on the patient's current features. [Archives Medical Review Journal 2014; 23(4.000: 563-574

  11. Treatment to pulmonary alveolar proteinosis with total bronchoalveolar lavage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease with variable course and characterized by the accumulation of surfactant in the alveoli. By the treatment it was used the alveolar lavage with good results. We present the experience accumulated in the Las Americas clinic of Medellin city with the treatment of three patients with diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis by alveolar lavage. We realized seven lavages, two of them bilateral and sequential. We didn't 't have important complications and in all cases we got good clinical and physiological results. Two patients had relapsed six and seven months after the first lavage and they needed a second lavage. We conclude that the pulmonary lavage is a secure and effective procedure in the treatment of the pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and the modality of bilateral sequential lavage is a good alternative and less expensive

  12. Cone beam CT assisted re-treatment of class 3 invasive cervical resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Unni; Moule, Alex J; Alawadhi, Abdulwahab

    2015-01-01

    Invasive cervical root resorption is an uncommon external root resorption which initiates at the cervical aspect of the tooth. This case report involves a case of cervical root resorption which was initially misdiagnosed and managed as cervical root caries. It was later diagnosed with cone beam CT and the lesion microsurgically removed and restored with resin modified glass ionomer cement. The importance of increasing awareness of this uncommon pathology and the role of cone beam CT in mapping the extent of the lesion is emphasised. PMID:25795743

  13. Mode of progression of subperiosteal resorption in the hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal failure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meema, H.E.; Oreopoulos, D.G.

    1983-09-01

    Subperiosteal resorption in finger phalanges is usually thought to be the result of osteoclastic bone resorption on the periosteal surface of bone, progressive centripetally with creation of the serrated appearances and ''lace-like'' patterns in periosteal cortical bone. Our longitudinal microradioscopic observations in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal failure have revealed evidence of another pathogenetic mechanism: by the enlargement of intracortical juxtaperiosteal resorption spaces, the remaining thin layer of bone is broken down from inside the bone, i.e., a centrifugal rather then centripetal process.

  14. The mode of progression of subperiosteal resorption in the hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Subperiosteal resorption in finger phalanges is usually thought to be the result of osteoclastic bone resorption on the periosteal surface of bone, progressive centripetally with creation of the serrated appearances and ''lace-like'' patterns in periosteal cortical bone. Our longitudinal microradioscopic observations in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism of chronic renal failure have revealed evidence of another pathogenetic mechanism: by the enlargement of intracortical juxtaperiosteal resorption spaces, the remaining thin layer of bone is broken down from inside the bone, i.e., a centrifugal rather then centripetal process. (orig.)

  15. Repair of apical root resorption associated with periodontitis using a new intracanal medicament protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera, Daniel R; Herrera, Carlos M; Lima, Augusto R; Nagata, Juliana Y; Pereira, Andrea C; Silva, Emmanuel J; Soares, Adriana J; Gomes, Brenda P

    2014-01-01

    Endodontic therapy is indicated for cases of traumatic tooth dislocation associated with pulp necrosis and/or inflammatory resorption. Here we describe the management of a maxillary left lateral permanent incisor that suffered lateral luxation, leading to pulp necrosis and root resorption, in a 13-year-old boy. The traumatized tooth was treated successfully by intracanal medication with calcium hydroxide, 2% chlorhexidine gel and zinc oxide for 12 months without any need to change the dressing, followed by conventional root canal filling. The postoperative course was uneventful and a stable clinical outcome was obtained with evidence of periapical lesion repair and stabilization of the resorption process. PMID:25500930

  16. Consideraciones anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior / Anatomical considerations of the inferior alveolar canal

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Omar Yamid, Ruge Jiménez; Oscar Andrés, Camargo Cañón; Yudy, Patricia Ortiz.

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el conocimiento de variantes anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior es necesario para la realización de procedimientos que involucren la mandíbula. El objetivo fue determinar las relaciones y variaciones anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior MÉTODOS: se hizo un estudio descripti [...] vo, en 50 hemimandíbulas humanas secas, midiendo distancias del foramen mandibular con respecto a los bordes anterior, posterior, inferior y escotadura sigmoidea, las distancias del agujero mentoniano al borde basal y la cresta alveolar. Se hicieron cortes en la rama y el cuerpo, para determinar las relaciones con estructuras anatómicas próximas. RESULTADOS: el foramen mandibular fue encontrado en el 88% en el tercio medio de rama. La distancia del foramen a la escotadura fue 19,78 ± 3,3 mm, al borde anterior 17,46 ± 3,04, al borde posterior 12,2 ± 1,9 y al borde basal 26,4 ± 3,8 mm. La ubicación del conducto alveolar inferior a nivel de rama respecto a los bordes anterior, posterior, lateral y medial fue 11,1 ± 2,6, 15,8 ± 2,7, 3,5 ± 1,0 y 1,9 ± 0,7 mm respectivamente. En el cuerpo mandibular la distancias respecto a los bordes basal, lateral, medial y alveolar fueron 10,1 ± 2,3, 4,7 ± 1,4, 2,5 ± 1,0 y 13,7 ± 2,7 mm respectivamente distal al tercer molar, 7,6 ± 1,7, 6,4 ± 1,4, 2,8 ± 1,0 y 16,4 ± 2,2 mm distal al segundo molar, 7,1 ± 1,5, 6,1 ± 1,3, 2,6 ± 0,8 y 17,0 ± 2,3 mm distal al primer molar, y 7,9 ± 1,7, 4,7 ± 1,2, 3,4 ± 1,2 y 18.3±2.7 mm distal al segundo premolar. El diámetro fue 2,82 ± 0,6 mm. La distancia del agujero mentoniano al borde basal fue 14,2 ± 1,59 mm, a la cresta alveolar 15,97 ± 2,87 mm, y se relacionó con el segundo premolar. CONCLUSIONES: los datos obtenidos, si bien, no infieren en la totalidad de la población colombiana, confirma que existen variaciones anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior diferentes a las descritas en otras poblaciones. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: the knowledge of anatomical variations of the inferior alveolar canal is necessary for surgical procedures involving the mandible. The purpose was to determine the relationships and anatomical variations of the mandibular canal. METHODS: a descriptive study was performed using 50 dry m [...] andibles measuring distances of the mandibular foramen with respect to the anterior posterior and lower borders and the sigmoid notch, distances from the mental foramen to the basal border and the alveolar crest. Cuts were done in ramus and body to determine the relationship with close anatomical structures. RESULTS: The mandibular foramen was found in 88% of the cases in the middle third of ramus. The distance from the foramen to the sigmoid notch was 19.78 ± 3.3 mm, to the anterior border was 17.46 ± 3.04 mm, to the posterior border was 12.2 ± 1.9 mm and to the inferior border was 26.4 ± 3.8 mm. The location of the inferior alveolar canal on the mandibular ramus with respect to the anterior, posterior, lateral and medial borders were 11.1 ± 2.6 mm, 15.8 ± 2.7 mm, 3.5 ±1.0 mm y 1.9 ± 0.7 mm respectively. On the mandibular body, the distances from the inferior alveolar canal to the inferior, lateral, medial and alveolar borders were 10.1 ± 2.3 mm, 4.7 ± 1.4 mm, 2.5 ± 1.0 mm and 13.7±2.7 mm respectively distal to the third molar, 7.6 ± 1.7 mm, 6.4 ± 1.4 mm, 2.8 ± 1.0 mm and 16.4 ± 2.2 mm distal to the second molar, 7.1 ± 1.5 mm, 6.1 ± 1.3 mm, 2.6 ± 0.8 mm and 17.0 ± 2.3 mm distal to the first molar, and 7.9 ± 1.7 mm, 4.7 ± 1.2 mm, 3.4 ± 1.2 mm and 18.3 ± 2.7 mm distal to the second bicuspid. The diameter was 2.82 ± 0.6 mm. The distance from the mental foramen to the inferior border was 14.2 ± 1.59 mm, to the alveolar crest was 15.97 ± 2.87 mm, and it was directly related to the second bicuspid. CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained, even though, do not infer in the totality of the Colombian population, confirms that there are anatomical variations of the inferior alveolar canal different from the ones described for other populations.

  17. Alpha-1-antitrypsin content in the serum, alveolar macrophages, and alveolar lavage fluid of smoking and nonsmoking normal subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, G N; Harris, J O; Castle, J R; Waldman, R H; Karmgard, H J

    1975-02-01

    The content of alpha-1-antitrypsin in the serum, alveolar lavage fluid, and alveolar macrophages of smokers and nonsmokers was studied. Bronchoalveolar lavage was used to obtain alveolar fluid and macrophages from normal volunteers, and alpha-1-antitrypsin and albumin were measured using the electroimmunodiffusion technique. The serum level of inhibitor was not different between the two groups, while the total lavage fliud content of alpha-1-antitrypsin was increased in the smokers. The level of alpha-1-antitrypsin was also significantly greater (P less than 0.001) in the alveolar macrophages of the smokers suggesting the possibility of chronically increased alveolar levels in the cigarette smoker as a possible protective mechanism against proteolysis. PMID:1079211

  18. Consideraciones anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior Anatomical considerations of the inferior alveolar canal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Yamid Ruge Jiménez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: el conocimiento de variantes anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior es necesario para la realización de procedimientos que involucren la mandíbula. El objetivo fue determinar las relaciones y variaciones anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior MÉTODOS: se hizo un estudio descriptivo, en 50 hemimandíbulas humanas secas, midiendo distancias del foramen mandibular con respecto a los bordes anterior, posterior, inferior y escotadura sigmoidea, las distancias del agujero mentoniano al borde basal y la cresta alveolar. Se hicieron cortes en la rama y el cuerpo, para determinar las relaciones con estructuras anatómicas próximas. RESULTADOS: el foramen mandibular fue encontrado en el 88% en el tercio medio de rama. La distancia del foramen a la escotadura fue 19,78 ± 3,3 mm, al borde anterior 17,46 ± 3,04, al borde posterior 12,2 ± 1,9 y al borde basal 26,4 ± 3,8 mm. La ubicación del conducto alveolar inferior a nivel de rama respecto a los bordes anterior, posterior, lateral y medial fue 11,1 ± 2,6, 15,8 ± 2,7, 3,5 ± 1,0 y 1,9 ± 0,7 mm respectivamente. En el cuerpo mandibular la distancias respecto a los bordes basal, lateral, medial y alveolar fueron 10,1 ± 2,3, 4,7 ± 1,4, 2,5 ± 1,0 y 13,7 ± 2,7 mm respectivamente distal al tercer molar, 7,6 ± 1,7, 6,4 ± 1,4, 2,8 ± 1,0 y 16,4 ± 2,2 mm distal al segundo molar, 7,1 ± 1,5, 6,1 ± 1,3, 2,6 ± 0,8 y 17,0 ± 2,3 mm distal al primer molar, y 7,9 ± 1,7, 4,7 ± 1,2, 3,4 ± 1,2 y 18.3±2.7 mm distal al segundo premolar. El diámetro fue 2,82 ± 0,6 mm. La distancia del agujero mentoniano al borde basal fue 14,2 ± 1,59 mm, a la cresta alveolar 15,97 ± 2,87 mm, y se relacionó con el segundo premolar. CONCLUSIONES: los datos obtenidos, si bien, no infieren en la totalidad de la población colombiana, confirma que existen variaciones anatómicas del conducto alveolar inferior diferentes a las descritas en otras poblaciones.INTRODUCTION: the knowledge of anatomical variations of the inferior alveolar canal is necessary for surgical procedures involving the mandible. The purpose was to determine the relationships and anatomical variations of the mandibular canal. METHODS: a descriptive study was performed using 50 dry mandibles measuring distances of the mandibular foramen with respect to the anterior posterior and lower borders and the sigmoid notch, distances from the mental foramen to the basal border and the alveolar crest. Cuts were done in ramus and body to determine the relationship with close anatomical structures. RESULTS: The mandibular foramen was found in 88% of the cases in the middle third of ramus. The distance from the foramen to the sigmoid notch was 19.78 ± 3.3 mm, to the anterior border was 17.46 ± 3.04 mm, to the posterior border was 12.2 ± 1.9 mm and to the inferior border was 26.4 ± 3.8 mm. The location of the inferior alveolar canal on the mandibular ramus with respect to the anterior, posterior, lateral and medial borders were 11.1 ± 2.6 mm, 15.8 ± 2.7 mm, 3.5 ±1.0 mm y 1.9 ± 0.7 mm respectively. On the mandibular body, the distances from the inferior alveolar canal to the inferior, lateral, medial and alveolar borders were 10.1 ± 2.3 mm, 4.7 ± 1.4 mm, 2.5 ± 1.0 mm and 13.7±2.7 mm respectively distal to the third molar, 7.6 ± 1.7 mm, 6.4 ± 1.4 mm, 2.8 ± 1.0 mm and 16.4 ± 2.2 mm distal to the second molar, 7.1 ± 1.5 mm, 6.1 ± 1.3 mm, 2.6 ± 0.8 mm and 17.0 ± 2.3 mm distal to the first molar, and 7.9 ± 1.7 mm, 4.7 ± 1.2 mm, 3.4 ± 1.2 mm and 18.3 ± 2.7 mm distal to the second bicuspid. The diameter was 2.82 ± 0.6 mm. The distance from the mental foramen to the inferior border was 14.2 ± 1.59 mm, to the alveolar crest was 15.97 ± 2.87 mm, and it was directly re

  19. LEPTIN REGULATION OF BONE RESORPTION BY THE SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM AND CART

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bone remodelling, the mechanism by which vertebrates regulate bone mass, comprises two phases, namely resorption by osteoclasts and formation by osteoblasts; osteoblasts are multifunctional cells also controlling osteoclast differentiation. Sympathetic signalling via beta2-adrenergic receptors (Adrb...

  20. Ion transporters involved in acidification of the resorption lacuna in osteoclasts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, K.; Sorensen, M.G.

    2008-01-01

    Osteoclasts possess a large amount of ion transporters, which participate in bone resorption; of these, the vacuolar-adenosine trisphosphatase (V-ATPase) and the chloride-proton antiporter ClC-7 acidify the resorption lacuna. However, whether other ion transporters participate in this process is currently not well understood. We used a battery of ion channel inhibitors, human osteoclasts, and their subcellular compartments to perform an unbiased analysis of the importance of the different ion transporters for acidification of the resorption lacuna in osteoclasts. CD14(+) monocytes from human peripheral blood were isolated, and mature osteoclasts were generated using RANKL and M-CSF. The human osteoclasts were (1) used for acridine orange assays for evaluation of lysosomal acidification, (2) used for bone resorption assays, (3) used for generation of osteoclasts membranes for acid influx experiments, or (4) lysed in trizol for mRNA isolation for Affymetrix array analysis. Inhibitors targeted toward most of theion transporters showed low potency in the acidification-based assays, although some inhibitors, such as carbonic anhydrase II and the sodium-hydrogen exchanger (NHE) inhibitors, reduced resorption potently. In contrast, inhibitors targeted at V-ATPase and ClC-7 potently inhibited both acidification and resorption, as expected. We here show evidence that acidification of the resorption lacuna is mainly mediated by V-ATPase and ClC-7. Furthermore, a group of other ion transporters, including carbonic anhydrase II, the NHEs, and potassium-chloride cotransporters, are all involved in resorption but do not seem to directly be involved in acidification of the lysosomes Udgivelsesdato: 2008/9

  1. Bone resorption induced by parathyroid hormone is strikingly diminished in collagenase-resistant mutant mice

    OpenAIRE

    Zhao, Weiguang; Byrne, Michael H.; Boyce, Brendan F.; Krane, Stephen M.

    1999-01-01

    Parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates bone resorption by acting directly on osteoblasts/stromal cells and then indirectly to increase differentiation and function of osteoclasts. PTH acting on osteoblasts/stromal cells increases collagenase gene transcription and synthesis. To assess the role of collagenase in the bone resorptive actions of PTH, we used mice homozygous (r/r) for a targeted mutation (r) in Col1a1 that are resistant to collagenase cleavage of type I collagen. Human PTH(1–34) w...

  2. Effects of Zinc and Strontium Substitution in Tricalcium Phosphate on Osteoclast Differentiation and Resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, Mangal; Fielding, Gary; Bandyopadhyay, Amit; Bose, Susmita

    2013-01-01

    Bone replacement materials must be able to regulate both osteoblastic synthesis of new bone and osteoclastic resorption process in order to maintain the balance of bone remodeling. Osteoclasts generate from differentiation of mononuclear cells. In the present study, we have studied the osteoclast-like-cells responses (differentiation from mononuclear cells and resorption) to beta tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) doped with zinc (Zn) and strontium (Sr). Osteoclast-like-cells differentiation and r...

  3. Osteoclastogenesis and Osteoclastic Resorption of Tricalcium Phosphate: Effect of Strontium and Magnesium Doping

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, Mangal; Bose, Susmita

    2012-01-01

    Bone substitute materials are required to support the remodeling process, which consists of osteoclastic resorption and osteoblastic synthesis. Osteoclasts, the bone resorbing cells, generate from differentiation of hemopoietic mononuclear cells. In the present study we have evaluated the effects of 1.0 wt% strontium (Sr) and 1.0 wt% magnesium (Mg) doping in beta-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) on the differentiation of mononuclear cells into osteoclast-like cells and its resorptive activity. I...

  4. Influence of anatomical barriers on maxillary incisor root resorption after orthodontic treatment with premolar extractions

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Geraldo de Oliveira; Fabiana Guilhermina Ferreira Castro

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Apical root resorption is a frequent and occasionally critical problem in orthodontic patients undergoing induced tooth movement. One of the factors that might influence prognosis, especially in maxillary incisors, which most frequently present resorptions, are the so-called the anatomical barriers; that is, proximity of the buccal and palatal cortical bones to the maxillary incisor roots. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to investigate whether patients with excessive...

  5. Lithium chloride attenuates root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yu; Gao, Shang; Jiang, Huan; Lin, Peng; Bao, Xingfu; Zhang, Zhimin; Hu, Min

    2013-01-01

    Root resorption is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. In the current study, lithium chloride (LiCl), a Wnt signaling activator, was examined to determine its effect on root resorption. In total, 10 Sprague Dawley rats were randomly allocated into the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Each group consisted of five subjects. By using closed nickel-titanium coil springs, a 50-g force was applied between the upper incisors and the maxillary right first molars in order to ...

  6. Sharp Curvature of Premolar Resulting in External Apical Root Resorption of the Neighbouring Molar

    OpenAIRE

    Amp Lke Atasoy Ulusoy, Amp Zg Amp R.

    2011-01-01

    This case report describes an external apical root resorption resulted from the unusual root morphology of the neighbouring tooth. A 28-year-old female was referred to the department of endodontics with a complaint of intense pain in her maxillary second premolar tooth. The clinical and radiographical evaluation revealed an external apical resorption in the mesial root of the maxillary first molar, which shows close proximity to the severely curved root of the premolar. A successful root cana...

  7. External cervical resorption case report and a brief review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, Nizar; Gopalakrishnan,, P.; Mony, Bejoy; Parthasarthy, Harinath

    2014-01-01

    External cervical resorption (ECR) is the loss of dental hard tissue as a result of odontoclastic action; it usually begins on the cervical region of the root surface of the teeth. The etiology, predisposing factors, diagnosis, and management of ECR have been reviewed here. Effective management and appropriate treatment can only be carried out if the true nature and exact location of the ECR lesion are known. This paper reports on the management of a case of external cervical root resorption ...

  8. Bone resorption in incompletely impacted mandibular third molars and acute pericoronitis

    OpenAIRE

    Minoru Yamaoka; Yusuke Ono; Masahiro Takahashi; Ryosuke Doto; et al, ...

    2009-01-01

    Minoru Yamaoka, Yusuke Ono, Masahiro Takahashi, Ryosuke Doto, Kouichi Yasuda, Takashi Uematsu, Kiyofumi FurusawaMatsumoto Dental University, School of Dentistry, Shiojiri, Nagano, JapanAbstract: Acute pericoronitis (AP) arises frequently in incompletely impacted mandibular third molars, but it remains unknown whether bone resorption in aging is associated with acute inflammation of the third molar. We conducted an experiment to compare the ratio of bone resorption to root length in the distal...

  9. Internal root resorption studied by radiography, stereomicroscope, scanning electron microscope and computerized 3D reconstructive method

    OpenAIRE

    Lyroudia, K.; Dourou, V.; Pantelidou, O.; Lambrianidis, T.; Pitas, I.

    2010-01-01

    Aim and methology:Two cases of internal tooth resorption were examined. A mandibular premolar and a mandibular canine were studied after they were extracted using radiographs, a stereomicroscope (SM) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Lastly, 3D images of the sectioned teeth were obtained(3D). Results: Radiographically, internal root resorption was shown as a uniform radiolucency. By SM examination, an extensive destruction of dentin was seen, while, by SEM examination, a disappearance...

  10. TNF-? and RANKL facilitates the development of orthodontically-induced inflammatory root resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Tadashi Kojima; Masaru Yamaguchi; Tomokazu Yoshino; Mami Shimizu; Kunihiko Yamada; Takemi Goseki; Kazutaka Kasai

    2013-01-01

    Background: The objective of this study was to determine the levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) and receptor activator of NF-kB ligand (RANKL) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) in patients with severe root resorption after orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: Ten patients who had been receiving orthodontic treatment (5-control subjects and 5-severe root resorption subjects) participated in this study. GCF was collected from all patients. Subjec...

  11. Predisposing factors to severe external root resorption associated to orthodontic treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Gracemia Vasconcelos Picanço; Karina Maria Salvatore de Freitas; Rodrigo Hermont Cançado; Fabricio Pinelli Valarelli; Paulo Roberto Barroso Picanço; Camila Pontes Feijão

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate predisposing factors among patients who developed moderate or severe external root resorption (Malmgren's grades 3 and 4), on the maxillary incisors, during fixed orthodontic treatment in the permanent dentition. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients who underwent orthodontic treatment with fixed edgewise appliances were selected. Patients were divided into two groups: G1 - 50 patients with no root resorption or presenting only apical irregularities (M...

  12. Glutamate modulates temporomandibular joint bone tissue resorption in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Hajati, Anna?Kari

    2010-01-01

    The general aim was to investigate the occurrence and development of TMJ bone tissue resorption and to identify predictors for progression during the two first years with rheumatoid arthritis. The thesis comprises one cross-sectional part and one longitudinal part. The aim of the cross-sectional part was to investigate whether there was an association between the radiographic sign (TMJ erosions) or the clinical sign (crepitus) of TMJ bone tissue resorption and glutamate and ...

  13. Surgical management of a failed internal root resorption treatment: a histological and clinical report

    OpenAIRE

    Asgary, Saeed; Eghbal, Mohammad Jafar; Mehrdad, Leili; Kheirieh, Sanam; Nosrat, Ali

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the successful surgical management of a failed mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) orthograde obturation of a tooth with a history of impact trauma and perforated internal root resorption. A symptomatic maxillary lateral incisor with a history of perforation due to internal root resorption and nonsurgical repair using MTA was referred. Unintentional overfill of the defect with MTA had occurred 4 yr before the initial visit. The excess MTA had since disappeared, and a radiol...

  14. Reduction of instability-induced bone resorption using bisphosphonates: high doses are needed in rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Åstrand, Jörgen; Aspenberg, Per

    2002-01-01

    Bone resorption associated with prosthetic loosening can be reduced by giving bisphosphonates since they bind to bone surfaces and inactivate osteoclasts when bisphosphonate-containing bone is resorbed. During loosening, an increase in osteoclastic activity can be triggered by mechanical instability, fluid pressure or wear particles. We used a rat model in which a titanium surface can be made to slide over a bone surface and cause instability-induced bone resorption. 111 rats were operated on...

  15. Effect of Ridge-Ridge Interactions in Crumpled Thin Sheets

    OpenAIRE

    Liou, Shiuan-fan; Lo, Chun-chao; Chou, Ming-han; Hsiao, Pai-yi; Hong, Tzay-ming

    2013-01-01

    We study whether and how the energy scalings based on the single-ridge approximation are revised in an actual crumpled sheet; namely, in the presence of ridge-ridge interactions. Molecular Dynamics Simulation is employed for this purpose. In order to improve the data quality, modifications are introduced to the common protocol. As crumpling proceeds, we find that the average storing energy changes from being proportional to one-third of the ridge length to a linear relation,...

  16. Oak Ridge national reservation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation is located on 37 000 acres in east Tennessee. The Oak Ridge facilities include the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Y-12 National Security Complex and the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP - originally built as a uranium enrichment facility for defence programmes and originally named 'The Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant'. After World War II this plant was renamed Oak Ridge K-25 Site and produced enriched uranium for the commercial nuclear power industry from 1945 to 1985. It was renamed ETTP in 1987. The situation at this site is characterized by hundreds of contaminated buildings in deteriorating conditions. The water table is shallow at the site implying a short travel time of the contaminants. The overall strategy for cleanup of the Reservation is based on surface water considerations as the Reservation encompasses five distinct watersheds. The cleanup strategy is a risk-based approach that focuses first on those contaminant sources that are the greatest contributors of risk. The watershed approach is used to determine which sources are the worst contributors and therefore should be cleaned up as early as possible. At the end of site cleanup, planned by 2015, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory will continue to operate as a world-class research facility. Y-12 will continue to operate, fulfilling its national security mission. As cleanup of the East Tennessee Technology Park is completed DOE will tre Technology Park is completed DOE will transfer ownership of the uncontaminated buildings to the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET) which in turn will lease this property for immediate private industrial use. To further refine the overall cleanup strategy, a prioritization system has been developed to help guide decisions where investments should be made. The general priorities are as follows: (a) Mitigate immediate onsite and offsite risks; (b) Reduce offsite migration of contaminants; (c) Remediate sources of surface water and groundwater contamination; (d) Remediate remaining onsite contamination; (e) Demolish excess facilities

  17. Microscopic study on resorption of ?-tricalcium phosphate materials by osteoclasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsunaga, Akihiro; Takami, Masamichi; Irié, Tarou; Mishima, Kenji; Inagaki, Katsunori; Kamijo, Ryutaro

    2015-08-01

    Sintered compounds prepared with ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) are commonly used as biocompatible materials for bone regenerative medicine. Although implanted ?-TCP is gradually replaced with new bone after resorption by osteoclasts, exactly how osteoclasts resorb ?-TCP is not well understood. To elucidate this mechanism, we analyzed the structure of ?-TCP discs on which mouse mature osteoclasts were cultured using scanning electron microscopy. We found that ?-TCP was resorbed by mature osteoclasts on one side of each disc, as evidenced by the formation of multiple spine-like crystals at the exposed areas. Because osteoclasts secrete acid to resorb bone minerals, we mimicked this acidification by dipping ?-TCP slices into HCl solution (pH 2.0). However, no spine-like crystals appeared even though the size of each ?-TCP particle was reduced. On dentin slices, osteoclasts formed clear actin rings, which are cytoskeletal structures characteristic of bone-resorbing osteoclasts. No clear actin rings were observed in osteoclasts cultured on ?-TCP slices, although small actin dots were observed. Analysis by transmission electron microscopy showed that osteoclasts attached to ?-TCP particles. These results suggest that osteoclasts resorb ?-TCP particles independently of clear actin ring formation. PMID:25672942

  18. Effect of allergen sensitization on external root resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murata, N; Ioi, H; Ouchi, M; Takao, T; Oida, H; Aijima, R; Yamaza, T; Kido, M A

    2013-07-01

    In orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), we should be concerned about external root resorption (ERR) as an undesirable iatrogenic problem, but its mechanisms are not fully understood. Since our previous epidemiologic studies found that patients with allergic diseases showed higher rates of ERR during orthodontic treatment, we explored the possible effect of allergic sensitization on ERR. In ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized Brown-Norway rats, the amounts of ERR and OTM were greater than those in animals subjected to orthodontic force alone. The expression levels of RANKL and pro-inflammatory cytokines were increased in the periodontal tissues of sensitized rats with OTM, compared with control rats. Furthermore, leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a potent lipid mediator of allergic inflammation, and enzymes of the 5-lipoxygenase pathway, the biosynthetic pathway of leukotrienes, were also up-regulated. We found that low doses of aspirin suppressed ERR in allergen-sensitized rats, as well as the expressions of RANKL, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and LTB4. The present findings indicate that allergen sensitization has adverse effects on ERR under OTM, and that aspirin is a potential therapeutic agent for combating ERR. PMID:23648742

  19. Dynamic thermal performance of alveolar brick construction system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ? Even though U-value does not measure thermal inertia, it is the commonly used parameter. ? The thermal performance analysis of buildings must include the evaluation of transient parameters. ? Transient parameters of alveolar brick constructive system show good agreement with its low energy consumption. -- Abstract: Alveolar bricks are being introduced in building sector due to the simplicity of their construction system and to the elimination of the insulation material. Nevertheless, it is not clear if this new system is energetically efficient and which is its thermal behaviour. This paper presents an experimental and theoretical study to evaluate the thermal behaviour of the alveolar brick construction system, compared with a traditional Mediterranean brick system with insulation. The experimental study consists of measuring the thermal performance of four real house-like cubicles. The thermal transmittance in steady-state, also known as U-value, is calculated theoretically and experimentally for each cubicle, presenting the insulated cubicles as the best construction system, with differences around 45% in comparison to the alveolar one. On the other hand, experimental results show significantly smaller differences on the energy consumption between the alveolar and insulated construction systems during summer period (around 13% higher for the alveolar cubicle). These values demonstrate the high thermal efficiency of the alveolar system. In additicy of the alveolar system. In addition, the lack of agreement between the measured energy consumption and the calculated U-values, guides the authors to analyze the thermal inertia of the different building components. Therefore, several transient parameters, extracted from the heat transfer matrix and from experimental data, are also evaluated. It can be concluded that the alveolar brick construction system presents higher thermal inertia than the insulated one, justifying the low measured energy consumption.

  20. External root resorption after orthodontic treatment: a study of contributing factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yun Hoa; Cho, Bong Hae [School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the patient- and treatment-related etiologic factors of external root resorption. This study consisted of 163 patients who had completed orthodontic treatments and taken the pre- and post-treatment panoramic and lateral cephalometric radiographs. The length of tooth was measured from the tooth apex to the incisal edge or cusp tip on the panoramic radiograph. Overbite and overjet were measured from the pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs. The root resorption of each tooth and the factors of malocclusion were analyzed with an analysis of variance. A paired t test was performed to compare the mean amount of root resorption between male and female, between extraction and non-extraction cases, and between surgery and non-surgery groups. Correlation coefficients were measured to assess the relationship between the amount of root resorption and the age in which the orthodontic treatment started, the degree of changes in overbite and overjet, and the duration of treatment. Maxillary central incisor was the most resorbed tooth, followed by the maxillary lateral incisor, the mandibular central incisor, and the mandibular lateral incisor. The history of tooth extraction was significantly associated with the root resorption. The duration of orthodontic treatment was positively correlated with the amount of root resorption. These findings show that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in patients who need the treatment for a long period and with a pre-treatment extraction of teeth.

  1. Effects of berberine on differentiation and bone resorption of osteoclasts derived from rat bone marrow cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peng WEI

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To observe the effects of berberine on osteoclastic differentiation and bone resorption action in vitro, and to investigate the cellular mechanism of its inhibitory effects on bone resorption.Methods: The multinucleated osteoclasts (MNCs were derived by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and dexamethasone from bone marrow cells in the coculture system with primary osteoblastic cells. The tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP staining and image analysis of bone resorption pit on dental slices were used to identify osteoclast. The activity of TRAP was measured by p-nitrophenyl sodium phosphate assay. The bone resorption pit area on the bone slices formed by osteoclasts was measured by computer image processing.Results: At the concentrations of 0.1, 1 and 10 ?mol/L, berberine dose-dependently suppressed the formation of TRAP-positive multinucleated cells, the TRAP activity and the osteoclastic bone resorption. The strongest inhibitory effect was exhibited at the concentration of 10 ?mol/L, with the inhibiting rate of 60.45%, 42.12% and 72.69% respectively.Conclusion: Berberine can decrease bone loss through inhibition of osteoclast formation, differentiation and bone resorption.

  2. Rat spontaneous foetal resorption: altered ?2-macroglobulin levels and uNK cell number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, B M; Almada, M; Costa, M A; Teixeira, N A; Correia-da-Silva, G

    2014-12-01

    During rat pregnancy, some of the foetoplacental units undergo complete spontaneous resorption while the adjacent units remain unaffected. In an attempt to clarify the mechanisms implicated in this spontaneous resorption, implantation units from days 14 and 16 of pregnancy were examined. The number of implantation sites and resorption units was recorded, and uterine paraffin sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin for the evaluation of tissue morphology. The incidence of resorption was about 9.2 % on day 14 and 8.2 % on day 16. Perforin and active caspase-3 immunostaining were performed for localization and characterization of uterine natural killer (uNK) and apoptotic cells, respectively. The ?2-macroglobulin (?2-MG) expression was examined by in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry and its levels quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A reduction in ?2-MG decidual levels in resorpted units was observed when compared to normal implantation units in both days. This potent protease inhibitor is the major product secreted by the mesometrial decidual tissue and may constitute an indicator of maternal tissues remodelling abnormalities. Besides the decreased ?2-MG levels, an increase in uNK cell number was found in resorption units. The decreased ?2-MG levels may be related to the aberrant control of trophoblast invasion that may activate uNK cells. The elucidation of the mechanisms underlying natural pregnancy loss in rat may contribute for the clarification of the "vanishing twin" phenomenon that occurs in human pregnancy. PMID:25085343

  3. External root resorption after orthodontic treatment: a study of contributing factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the patient- and treatment-related etiologic factors of external root resorption. This study consisted of 163 patients who had completed orthodontic treatments and taken the pre- and post-treatment panoramic and lateral cephalometric radiographs. The length of tooth was measured from the tooth apex to the incisal edge or cusp tip on the panoramic radiograph. Overbite and overjet were measured from the pre- and post-treatment lateral cephalometric radiographs. The root resorption of each tooth and the factors of malocclusion were analyzed with an analysis of variance. A paired t test was performed to compare the mean amount of root resorption between male and female, between extraction and non-extraction cases, and between surgery and non-surgery groups. Correlation coefficients were measured to assess the relationship between the amount of root resorption and the age in which the orthodontic treatment started, the degree of changes in overbite and overjet, and the duration of treatment. Maxillary central incisor was the most resorbed tooth, followed by the maxillary lateral incisor, the mandibular central incisor, and the mandibular lateral incisor. The history of tooth extraction was significantly associated with the root resorption. The duration of orthodontic treatment was positively correlated with the amount of root resorption. These findings show that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in patients who neebe carefully performed in patients who need the treatment for a long period and with a pre-treatment extraction of teeth.

  4. Effect of LED-mediated-photobiomodulation therapy on orthodontic tooth movement and root resorption in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekizer, Abdullah; Uysal, Tancan; Güray, Enis; Akku?, Derya

    2015-02-01

    The aim of this experimental study was to evaluate the effects of light-emitting diode-mediated-photobiomodulation therapy (LPT), on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement (TM) and orthodontically induced root resorption, in rats. Twenty male 12-week-old Wistar rats were separated into two groups (control and LPT) and 50 cN of force was applied between maxillary left molar and incisor with a coil spring. In the treatment group, LPT was applied with an energy density of 20 mW/cm(2) over a period of 10 consecutive days directly over the movement of the first molar teeth area. The distance between the teeth was measured with a digital caliper on days 0 (T0), 10 (T1), and 21 (T2) on dental cast models. The surface area of root resorption lacunae was measured histomorphometrically using digital photomicrographs. Mann-Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical evaluation at p?root resorption, expressed as a percentage, showed that the average relative root resorption affecting the maxillary molars on the TM side was 0.098?±?0.066 in the LPT group and 0.494?±?0.224 in the control group. Statistically significant inhibition of root resorption with LPT was determined (p?resorptive activity. PMID:23990217

  5. DISTRACCIÓN OSTEOGÉNICA ALVEOLAR EXPERIMENTAL CON DISPOSITIVO SIMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Garc\\u00EDa-Roco P\\u00E9rez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de desarrollar un dispositivo simple con tornillos de distracción para aumentos del reborde alveolar deficitario mediante distracción osteogénica e investigar las reacciones locales de los tejidos se realizó en el Centro de Experimentación Animal del ISCM-Camagüey un ensayo preclínico unicéntrico aleatorizado en 10 perros Beagles certificados y distribuidos por el método de lotería en dos grupos, experimental y control, desde enero a diciembre de 2003. El procedimiento utilizado constó de cuatro etapas: extracción de los premolares mandibulares y alveoloplastia en ambos grupos, para crear un área atrófica que permaneció sin tratamiento en el grupo control. A las 12 semanas osteotomías en el grupo experimental para construir un segmento de transporte rectangular y colocación del distractor. Previo período de latencia de siete días elongación ósea vertical a 1.0 mm/ día durante siete días, y fijación durante ocho semanas. Se realizó evaluación radiográfica e histológica en el sitio de distracción y control. Se logró un aumento vertical promedio de 6.53 ± 0.21 mm después de completar la distracción y de 5.81 ± 0.43 mm alconcluir el período de consolidación, se apreció en el sitio una osteogénesis satisfactoria con hueso maduro. En el grupo control la atrofia alveolar siguió su curso natural, se apreciaron fenómenos de cicatrización y remodelado óseo con una pérdida vertical de 1.05 ± 0.5 mm al evaluarse radiográficamente. Histológicamente no se apreciaron diferencias morfológicas entre los tejidos del sitio quirúrgico y los circundantes. El dispositivo intraoral de distracción en estudio es una técnica novedosa, y los resultados obtenidos son todavía variables, pero experimentalmente resultó eficaz y fiable para conseguir un determinado volumen de masa ósea en una posición predeterminada.

  6. Ridge from strings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, M. A.; Pajares, C.; Vechernin, V. V.

    2015-04-01

    In the colour string picture with fusion and percolation it is shown that long-range azimuthal-rapidity correlations (ridge) can arise from the superposition of many events with exchange of clusters of different number of strings and not from a single event. Relation of the ridge with the flow harmonics coefficients is derived. By direct Monte Carlo simulations, in the technique previously used to calculate these coefficients, ridge correlations are calculated for AA, pA and pp collisions. The azimuthal anisotropy follows from the assumed quenching of the emitted particles in the strong colour fields inside string clusters. It is confirmed that in pp collisions the ridge structure only appears in rare events with abnormally high multiplicity. Comparison with the experimental data shows a good agreement. Good agreement is also found for pPb collisions. For AA collisions a reasonable agreement is found for both near-side and away-side angular correlations although it worsens at intermediate angles.

  7. Reduction of mandibular residual ridge after vestibuloplasty. A two-year follow-up study comparing the Edlan flap, mucosal and skin graft operations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillerup, SØren; Eriksen, Erik

    1989-01-01

    Mandibular residual ridge reduction (RRR) after Edlan flap vestibuloplasty, buccal mucosal graft, and split skin graft vestibuloplasty was measured on lateral cephalometric radiographs obtained 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 months postsurgery in 50 patients. The ridge reduction was most severe during the immediate postoperative period. The different operation methods did not give rise to significant variations in the reduction pattern, neither did the sex of the patient appear to be an important factor. The temporary increase of mandibular resorption after vestibuloplasty surgery is of a magnitude comparable to the average RRR during 1 year in full denture wearers with a long denture experience.

  8. Inferior alveolar nerve sensitivity changes after mandibular trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonas Grybauskas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The investigation was performed on 195 patients, who had fracture on mandibular angle zone. In control group pain thresholds of infraorbital nerve and inferior alveolar nerve did not differ significantly (p > 0.05. Consequently, lesion degree of inferior alveolar nerve and its functional recovery dynamics were estimated objectively according to pain threshold and lesion index of neural function. Stump dislocation extent has influence on neural lesion: the more expressed dislocation, the higher likelihood of severe lesion of inferior alveolar nerve. Three degrees of neural lesion were identified in the case of mandibular angle fracture. When minor lesion of inferior alveolar nerve took place (17.4%, sensation recovered in 21 days after stump reposition and fixation; moderate lesion of nerve (55.8% had sensory recovery after 28 days, and in the case of severe lesion of nerve (26.6% neural function did not recover even after 90 days.

  9. An incident case of primary acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderhelst, E; Bonella, F; Wissing, K; Verfaillie, G; Geers, C; Vincken, W

    2012-01-01

    This is a case of a primary acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) in an asymptomatic patient, on the waiting list for kidney transplantation, confirmed on lung biopsy and by identifying anti-GM-CSF antibodies. PMID:22712171

  10. Alveolar lymphangioma in infants: report of two cases.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    FitzGerald, Kirsten

    2009-06-01

    The alveolar lymphangioma is a benign but relatively rare condition found only in the oral cavities of black infants. Dentists practising in Ireland may be unaware of this condition due to its racial specificity. This paper presents two case reports of multiple alveolar lymphangiomas found in black infants in a children\\'s hospital in Ireland. The epidemiology, aetiology, clinical presentation, histology, and management options are discussed. The photographs should aid the practitioner in recognising these lesions.

  11. Alveolar lymphangioma in infants: report of two cases.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    FitzGerald, Kirsten

    2012-02-01

    The alveolar lymphangioma is a benign but relatively rare condition found only in the oral cavities of black infants. Dentists practising in Ireland may be unaware of this condition due to its racial specificity. This paper presents two case reports of multiple alveolar lymphangiomas found in black infants in a children\\'s hospital in Ireland. The epidemiology, aetiology, clinical presentation, histology, and management options are discussed. The photographs should aid the practitioner in recognising these lesions.

  12. Alveolar Osteitis: A Comprehensive Review of Concepts and Controversies

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Miloro; Eliza Olech; Antonia Kolokythas

    2010-01-01

    Alveolar osteitis, “dry socket”, remains amongst the most commonly encountered complications following extraction of teeth by general dentists and specialists. A great body of literature is devoted to alveolar osteitis addressing the etiology and pathophysiology of this condition. In addition numerous studies are available discussing methods and techniques to prevent this condition. To this date though great controversy still exists regarding the appropriate terminology used f...

  13. Plasminogen activators and inhibitor type-1 in alveolar osteitis

    OpenAIRE

    BRUSCHI, Stefano

    2006-01-01

    Alveolar osteitis (AO) is characterized by excess fibrinolysis, leading to early dissociation of the clot that normally follows tooth extraction. Nonetheless, scarce information is available on the fibrinolytic system in AO. In this study, we report on the differential composition of postextraction wound healing tissue and of peri-alveolar gingival epithelium from normal healing and AO patients in terms of plasminogen activators, plasminogen activator inhibitor-type 1, and urokinase-type plas...

  14. External apical root resorption in maxillary incisors in orthodontic patients: associated factors and radiographic evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nanekrungsan, Kamonporn [Dept. of Dentistry, Overbrook Hospital, Chiang Rai (Thailand); Patanaporn, Virush; Janhom, Apirum; Korwanich, Narumanus [Dept. of Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai (Thailand)

    2012-09-15

    This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and degree of external apical root resorption of maxillary incisors after orthodontic treatment and to evaluate particular associated factors related to external apical root resorption. The records and maxillary incisor periapical radiographs of 181 patients were investigated. Crown and root lengths were measured and compared on the pre- and post-treatment periapical radiographs. Crown length was measured from the center of the incisal edge to the midpoint of the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ). Root length was measured from the CEJ midpoint to the root apex. A correction factor for the enlargement difference was used to calculate root resorption. The periapical radiographs of 564 teeth showed that the average root resorption was 1.39{+-}1.27 (8.24{+-}7.22%) and 1.69{+-}1.14 mm (10.16{+-}6.78%) for the maxillary central and lateral incisors, respectively. The results showed that the dilacerated or pointed roots, maxillary premolar extraction cases, and treatment duration were highly significant factors for root resorption (p<0.001). Allergic condition was a significant factor at p<0.01. Age at the start of treatment, large overjet, and history of facial trauma were also factors significantly associated with root resorption (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in root resorption among the factors of gender, overbite, tongue-thrusting habit, types of malocclusion, and types of bracket. These results suggested that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in pre-treatment extraction patients who have pointed or dilacerated roots and need long treatment duration.

  15. External apical root resorption in maxillary incisors in orthodontic patients: associated factors and radiographic evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was performed to evaluate the incidence and degree of external apical root resorption of maxillary incisors after orthodontic treatment and to evaluate particular associated factors related to external apical root resorption. The records and maxillary incisor periapical radiographs of 181 patients were investigated. Crown and root lengths were measured and compared on the pre- and post-treatment periapical radiographs. Crown length was measured from the center of the incisal edge to the midpoint of the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ). Root length was measured from the CEJ midpoint to the root apex. A correction factor for the enlargement difference was used to calculate root resorption. The periapical radiographs of 564 teeth showed that the average root resorption was 1.39±1.27 (8.24±7.22%) and 1.69±1.14 mm (10.16±6.78%) for the maxillary central and lateral incisors, respectively. The results showed that the dilacerated or pointed roots, maxillary premolar extraction cases, and treatment duration were highly significant factors for root resorption (p<0.001). Allergic condition was a significant factor at p<0.01. Age at the start of treatment, large overjet, and history of facial trauma were also factors significantly associated with root resorption (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in root resorption among the factors of gender, overbite, tongue-thrusting habit, types of malocclusion, and types of bracket. These results suggestypes of bracket. These results suggested that orthodontic treatment should be carefully performed in pre-treatment extraction patients who have pointed or dilacerated roots and need long treatment duration.

  16. One-visit RCT of maxillary incisors with extensive inflammatory root resorption and periradicular lesions: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Maryam Ahmadyar; Saeed Asgary

    2011-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory external root resorption (IERR) is a pathological phenomenon of microbial origin. This study reports a case of external apical inflammatory root resorption of maxillary incisors associated with periradicular lesions in a 22 year old female, which was successfully treated by one-visit root canal therapy (RCT). Radiographic investigation revealed periapical radiolucencies in the upper incisors associated with varying degrees of external inflammatory root resorption of tee...

  17. A Comparison of Apical Root Resorption in Incisors after Fixed Orthodontic Treatment with Standard Edgewise and Straight Wire (MBT) Method

    OpenAIRE

    Sm, Zahed Zahedani; Oshagh M; Momeni Danaei Sh.; Smm, Roeinpeikar

    2013-01-01

    Statement of Problem: One of the major outcomes of orthodontic treatment is the apical root resorption of teeth moved during the treatment. Identifying the possible risk factors, are necessary for every orthodontist. Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of apical root resorption after fixed orthodontic treatment with standard edgewise and straight wire (MBT) method, and also to evaluate other factors effecting the rate of root resorption in orthodontic treatments.Materials a...

  18. Utilidad de la ortopedia prequirúrgica en el moldeamiento de las crestas alveolares en niños de 0-12 meses de edad con fisura labiopalatina unilateral completa. Revisión sistemática de la literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Isabel Betancourt

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES-CO X-NONE X-NONE Dentro del manejo temprano de los niños que presentan FLP se ha propuesto la ortopedia prequirúrgica, como una alternativa para el alineamiento de las crestas alveolares.. En la actualidad hay variaciones y existen dos filosofías de tratamiento en relación al uso o no de ortopedia prequirúrgica. Lo anterior ha generado controversia en los efectos reales de la misma. OBJETIVO: Determinar la utilidad de la ortopedia prequirúrgica en el moldeamiento de las crestas alveolares, en pacientes de 0 a 12 meses de edad con Fisura Labiopalatina Unilateral Completa. METODO: La investigación se realizó a través de una Revisión Sistemática de la literatura mediante la búsqueda electrónica de artículos científicos, empleando las bases de datos Medline, Elsevier, Cochrane y Ebsco. Como descriptores de búsqueda se incluyeron las palabras Pre-surgical orthopedics, ridges alveolar, Alveolar molding, Complete Unilateral cleft lip and palate. Se realizó lectura de títulos, abstracts y textos completos. Se determinó la calidad y validez de los estudios de acuerdo a las listas de chequeo internacionales : Consort, Strobe y Quórum. Se clasificaron los artículos según el nivel de evidencia y los grados de recomendación de acuerdo a los parámetros del SIGN. RESULTADOS: Se identificaron 4739 artículos de los cuales se seleccionaron 88 que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. La depuración y filtro final arrojó 3 artículos. DISCUSION Y CONCLUSIONES: No existe suficiente evidencia científica que avale la utilidad de la ortopedia prequirúrgica en el moldeamiento de las crestas alveolares y existen factores adicionales que influyen y que deben ser estudiados conjuntamente PALABRAS CLAVES: Ortopedia Prequirúrgica, Crestas Alveolares, Moldeamiento Alveolar, Fisura Labio Palatina Unilateral Completa.

  19. Bayesian inference of the lung alveolar spatial model for the identification of alveolar mechanics associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is acute lung failure secondary to severe systemic inflammation, resulting in a derangement of alveolar mechanics (i.e. the dynamic change in alveolar size and shape during tidal ventilation), leading to alveolar instability that can cause further damage to the pulmonary parenchyma. Mechanical ventilation is a mainstay in the treatment of ARDS, but may induce mechano-physical stresses on unstable alveoli, which can paradoxically propagate the cellular and molecular processes exacerbating ARDS pathology. This phenomenon is called ventilator induced lung injury (VILI), and plays a significant role in morbidity and mortality associated with ARDS. In order to identify optimal ventilation strategies to limit VILI and treat ARDS, it is necessary to understand the complex interplay between biological and physical mechanisms of VILI, first at the alveolar level, and then in aggregate at the whole-lung level. Since there is no current consensus about the underlying dynamics of alveolar mechanics, as an initial step we investigate the ventilatory dynamics of an alveolar sac (AS) with the lung alveolar spatial model (LASM), a 3D spatial biomechanical representation of the AS and its interaction with airflow pressure and the surface tension effects of pulmonary surfactant. We use the LASM to identify the mechanical ramifications of alveolar dynamics associated with ARDS. Using graphical processing unit parallel algorithms, we perform Bayg unit parallel algorithms, we perform Bayesian inference on the model parameters using experimental data from rat lung under control and Tween-induced ARDS conditions. Our results provide two plausible models that recapitulate two fundamental hypotheses about volume change at the alveolar level: (1) increase in alveolar size through isotropic volume change, or (2) minimal change in AS radius with primary expansion of the mouth of the AS, with the implication that the majority of change in lung volume during the respiratory cycle occurs in the alveolar ducts. These two model solutions correspond to significantly different mechanical properties of the tissue, and we discuss the implications of these different properties and the requirements for new experimental data to discriminate between the hypotheses. (paper)

  20. Microlitíase alveolar pulmonar em gêmeos univitelinos: relato de dois casos Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis in monozygotic twins: report of two case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sizenildo da Silva Figueirêdo

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Os autores apresentam dois casos de microlitíase alveolar pulmonar em gêmeos monozigóticos. Os principais achados obtidos em exames radiográficos e de tomografia computadorizada (técnica de alta resolução são enfatizados, com base em breve revisão literária.The authors report two cases of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis affecting monozygotic twins. The main findings observed on plain x-ray films and high-resolution computed tomography are discussed and compared with data from a brief literature review.

  1. Effects of Zinc and Strontium Substitution in Tricalcium Phosphate on Osteoclast Differentiation and Resorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Mangal; Fielding, Gary; Bandyopadhyay, Amit; Bose, Susmita

    2013-01-01

    Bone replacement materials must be able to regulate both osteoblastic synthesis of new bone and osteoclastic resorption process in order to maintain the balance of bone remodeling. Osteoclasts generate from differentiation of mononuclear cells. In the present study, we have studied the osteoclast-like-cells responses (differentiation from mononuclear cells and resorption) to beta tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) doped with zinc (Zn) and strontium (Sr). Osteoclast-like-cells differentiation and resorption was studied in vitro using osteoclast-like-cells precursor RAW 264.7 cell, supplemented with receptor activator of nuclear factor ?? ligand (RANKL). Morphological and immunohistochemical analysis confirmed successful differentiation of osteoclast-like-cells on the doped and undoped ?-TCP substrates after 8 days of culture. Cells on the substrate surface expressed specific osteoclast markers such as; actin ring, multiple nucleus, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) synthesis, and vitronectin receptor. However, quantitative TRAP assay indicated the inhibiting effect of Zn on osteoclast differentiation. Although, Zn doped ?-TCP restricted osteoclast-like-cells differentiation, the samples were resorbed much faster. An increased resorption pit volume was noticed on Zn doped ?-TCP samples after 28 days of culture compared to pure and Sr doped ?-TCP. In this work, we demonstrated that ?-TCP bone substitute materials can be successfully resorbed by osteoclast-like-cells, where both osteoclast-like-cells differentiation and resorption were modulated by Zn and/or Sr doping- a much needed property for successful bone remodeling. PMID:24244866

  2. Expression of RANKL mRNA during Root Resorption Induced by Orthodontic Tooth Movement in Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massoud Seifi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Receptor activator for nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL, which is alsocalled osteoclast differentiation factor, is an important regulatory factor in osteoclastmaturation. Knowledge of bone and cementum similarities and RANKL role in bone resorptionsuggests the possibility of a role for this protein in root resorption induced by orthodontictooth movement. The aim of this study is to examine the expression of RANKLmRNA during root resorption induced by orthodontic tooth movement in rats.Materials and Methods: In order to move maxillary right first molars mesially fixed Ni-Ticlosed coil springs (Dentaurum®-Germany were tightened to the teeth. Sample consistedof 20 male seven week old Wistar rats. For each animal, the contralateral tooth was usedas, an internal control. At day 21 the rats were sacrificed. Tissues from 10 rats were embeddedin paraffin for histologic examination. Scratched material from resorptive lacunaeon mesial sides of the roots of the other ten rats was used for extracting mRNA by RTPCR.Results: The histologic sections, analyzed histomorphometrically, showed a significantincrease in root resorption in the case group as compared to the control (p<0.001.Densitometric studies of RANKL mRNA expression band on gel electrophoresis showedsignificantly increased RANKL expression in the resorptive lacunae of the case group(p<0.001.Conclusion: This observation indicates increased RANKL

  3. The clinical meaning of external cervical resorption in maxillary canine: transoperative dental trauma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consolaro, Alberto; Cardoso, Mauricio de Almeida; de Almeida, Carolina Dornelas C M; Souza, Ingrid Araújo Oliveira; Capelloza Filho, Leopoldino

    2014-01-01

    External Cervical Resorption in maxillary canines with pulp vitality is frequently associated with dental trauma resulting from surgical procedures carried out to prepare the teeth for further orthodontic traction. Preparation procedures might surgically manipulate the cementoenamel junction or cause luxation of teeth due to applying excessive force or movement tests beyond the tolerance limits of periodontal ligament and cervical tissue structures. Dentin exposure at the cementoenamel junction triggers External Cervical Resorption as a result of inflammation followed by antigen recognition of dentin proteins. External Cervical Resorption is painless, does not induce pulpitis and develops slowly. The lesion is generally associated with and covered by gingival soft tissues which disguise normal clinical aspects, thereby leading to late diagnosis when the process is near pulp threshold. Endodontic treatment is recommended only if surgical procedures are rendered necessary in the pulp space; otherwise, External Cervical Resorption should be treated by conservative means: protecting the dental pulp and restoring function and esthetics of teeth whose pulp will remain in normal conditions. Unfortunately, there is a lack of well-grounded research evincing how often External Cervical Resorption associated with canines subjected to orthodontic traction occurs. PMID:25628076

  4. Resorption of monetite calcium phosphate cement by mouse bone marrow derived osteoclasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montazerolghaem, M; Karlsson Ott, M; Engqvist, H; Melhus, H; Rasmusson, A J

    2015-07-01

    Recently the interest for monetite based biomaterials as bone grafts has increased; since in vivo studies have demonstrated that they are degradable, osteoconductive and improve bone healing. So far osteoclastic resorption of monetite has received little attention. The current study focuses on the osteoclastic resorption of monetite cement using primary mouse bone marrow macrophages, which have the potential to differentiate into resorbing osteoclasts when treated with receptor activator NF-?B ligand (RANKL). The osteoclast viability and differentiation were analysed on monetite cement and compared to cortical bovine bone discs. After seven days live/dead stain results showed no significant difference in viability between the two materials. However, the differentiation was significantly higher on the bone discs, as shown by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and Cathepsin K gene expression. Moreover monetite samples with differentiated osteoclasts had a 1.4 fold elevated calcium ion concentration in their culture media compared to monetite samples with undifferentiated cells. This indicates active resorption of monetite in the presence of osteoclasts. In conclusion, this study suggests that osteoclasts have a crucial role in the resorption of monetite based biomaterials. It also provides a useful model for studying in vitro resorption of acidic calcium phosphate cements by primary murine cells. PMID:25953560

  5. Lung vasculitis and alveolar hemorrhage: pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fishbein, Gregory A; Fishbein, Michael C

    2011-06-01

    Pulmonary vasculitides are a diverse group of limited and systemic disorders associated with inflammation of pulmonary vessels and parenchyma. These diseases often have distinctive clinical, serological, and histopathological features-extrapulmonary sites of involvement, circulating autoantibodies, predispositions for small or large vessels, and others. Some have characteristic inflammatory lesions; others are characterized by the absence of such lesions. Frequently pathological findings overlap, rendering classification, and diagnosis a challenge. The anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated small-vessel diseases constitute the major pulmonary vasculitides. These include Wegener granulomatosis (WG), Churg Strauss syndrome (CSS), and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). Less frequently, diseases such as polyarteritis nodosa, Takayasu arteritis, Behçet syndrome, and connective tissue diseases may involve pulmonary vessels, but these entities are better associated with extrapulmonary disease. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a severe manifestation of pulmonary vasculitis. DAH is most commonly seen in small-vessel vasculitides, specifically MPA and WG. Other syndromes associated with DAH include Goodpasture syndrome, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Less commonly, DAH may be secondary to infection or drugs/toxins. Furthermore, in the absence of discernable systemic disease, DAH may be idiopathic-referred to as isolated pulmonary capillaritis (IPC) or idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH), depending on the presence of capillaritis. PMID:21674412

  6. Polystyrene nanoparticle trafficking across alveolar epithelium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacobi, Nazanin R; Demaio, Lucas; Xie, Jiansong; Hamm-Alvarez, Sarah F; Borok, Zea; Kim, Kwang-Jin; Crandall, Edward D

    2008-06-01

    We investigated trafficking of polystyrene nanoparticles (PNP; 20 and 100 nm; carboxylate, sulfate, or aldehyde-sulfate modified [negatively charged] and amidine-modified [positively charged]) across rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayers (RAECM). Apical-to-basolateral fluxes of nanoparticles were estimated as functions of apical PNP concentration ([PNP]) and temperature. Uptake of nanoparticles into RAECM was determined using confocal microscopy. Fluxes increased as charge density became less negative/more positive, with positively charged PNPs trafficking 20-40 times faster than highly negatively charged PNP of comparable size. Trafficking rates decreased with increasing PNP diameter. PNP fluxes tended to level off at high apical [PNP]. Fluxes at 4 degrees C were significantly lower than those at 37 degrees C. Confocal microscopy revealed nanoparticles localized to cell cytoplasm, whereas cell junctions and nuclei appeared free of PNP. These data indicate that (1) trafficking of PNP across RAECM is strongly influenced by charge density, size, and temperature, (2) PNP translocate primarily transcellularly, and (3) PNP translocation requires cellular energy. PMID:18375191

  7. Resorption Rate Tunable Bioceramic: Si, Zn-Modified Tricalcium Phosphate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xiang Wei

    2006-08-09

    This dissertation is organized in an alternate format. Several manuscripts which have already been published or are to be submitted for publication have been included as separate chapters. Chapter 1 is a general introduction which describes the dissertation organization and introduces the human bone and ceramic materials as bone substitute. Chapter 2 is the background and literature review on dissolution behavior of calcium phosphate, and discussion of motivation for this research. Chapter 3 is a manuscript entitled ''Si,Zn-modified tricalcium phosphate: a phase composition and crystal structure study'', which was published in ''Key Engineering Materials'' [1]. Chapter 4 gives more crystal structure details by neutron powder diffraction, which identifies the position for Si and Zn substitution and explains the stabilization mechanism of the structure. A manuscript entitled ''Crystal structure analysis of Si, Zn-modified Tricalcium phosphate by Neutron Powder Diffraction'' will be submitted to Biomaterials [2]. Chapter 5 is a manuscript, entitled ''Dissolution behavior and cytotoxicity test of Si, Zn-modified tricalcium phosphate'', which is to be submitted to Biomaterials [3]. This paper discusses the additives effect on the dissolution behavior of TCP, and cytotoxicity test result is also included. Chapter 6 is the study of hydrolysis process of {alpha}-tricalcium phosphate in the simulated body fluid, and the phase development during drying process is discussed. A manuscript entitled ''Hydrolysis of {alpha}-tricalcium phosphate in simulated body fluid and phase transformation during drying process'' is to be submitted to Biomaterials [4]. Ozan Ugurlu is included as co-authors in these two papers due to his TEM contributions. Appendix A is the general introduction of the materials synthesis, crystal structure and preliminary dissolution result. A manuscript entitled ''Resorption rate tunable bioceramic: Si and Zn-modified tricalcium phosphate'' was published in Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings (the 29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites - Advances in Bioceramics and Biocomposites) [5].

  8. Asymmetric [14C]albumin transport across bullfrog alveolar epithelium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bullfrog lungs were prepared as planar sheets and bathed with Ringer solution in Ussing chambers. In the presence of a constant electrical gradient (20, 0, or -20 mV) across the tissue, 14C-labeled bovine serum albumin or inulin was instilled into the upstream reservoir and the rate of appearance of the tracer in the downstream reservoir was monitored. Two lungs from the same animal were used to determine any directional difference in tracer fluxes. An apparent permeability coefficient was estimated from a relationship between normalized downstream radioactivities and time. Results showed that the apparent permeability of albumin in the alveolar to pleural direction across the alveolar epithelial barrier is 2.3 X 10(-7) cm/s, significantly greater (P less than 0.0005) than that in the pleural to alveolar direction (5.3 X 10(-8) cm/s) when the tissue was short circuited. Permeability of inulin, on the other hand, did not show any directional dependence and averaged 3.1 X 10(-8) cm/s in both directions. There was no effect on radiotracer fluxes permeabilities of different electrical gradients across the tissue. Gel electrophoretograms and corresponding radiochromatograms suggest that the large and asymmetric isotope fluxes are not primarily due to digestion or degradation of labeled molecules. Inulin appears to traverse the alveolar epithelial barrier by simple diffusion through hydrated paracellular pathways. On the other hand, [14C]albumin crosseother hand, [14C]albumin crosses the alveolar epithelium more rapidly than would be expected by simple diffusion. These asymmetric and large tracer fluxes suggest that a specialized mechanism is present in alveolar epithelium that may be capable of helping to remove albumin from the alveolar space

  9. Hemorragia alveolar como complicación del uso de trombolíticos Alveolar hemorrhage as a complication of thrombolytic therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra González

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La trombolisis se usa como estrategia de reperfusión coronaria en el infarto agudo de miocardio. El sangrado es su principal complicación; la mayoría ocurre en los sitios de accesos venosos y es leve, pero también pueden presentarse hemorragia gastrointestinal, retroperitoneal, genitourinaria, pulmonar y a nivel del sistema nervioso central, episodios estos generalmente de mayor gravedad y a veces fatales. Se describe aquí el caso de un paciente que recibió terapia trombolítica con estreptoquinasa como tratamiento por un infarto de miocardio, y que posteriormente desarrolló insuficiencia respiratoria aguda, infiltrados pulmonares bilaterales, caída del hematocrito y aumento de la difusión de monóxido de carbono, cuadro compatible con diagnóstico de hemorragia alveolar.Coronary thrombolysis is used as a strategy for coronary reperfusion for acute myocardial infarction. Bleeding is the main complication described. Although most of these events occur at sites of vascular access and are mild, in some cases gastrointestinal, retroperitoneal, genitourinary, lung and central nervous system bleeding may occur. These episodes are usually serious and sometimes fatal. The following report describes the case of a patient who received thrombolytic therapy with streptokinase as a treatment for myocardial infarction. Subsequently he developed acute respiratory failure, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and fall of hematocrit compatible with diagnosis of alveolar hemorrhage.

  10. Hemorragia alveolar como complicación del uso de trombolíticos / Alveolar hemorrhage as a complication of thrombolytic therapy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandra, González; Judith, Sagardía; Amorina, Redondo; Marcelo, Villaverde; Alfredo, Monteverde.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La trombolisis se usa como estrategia de reperfusión coronaria en el infarto agudo de miocardio. El sangrado es su principal complicación; la mayoría ocurre en los sitios de accesos venosos y es leve, pero también pueden presentarse hemorragia gastrointestinal, retroperitoneal, genitourinaria, pulmo [...] nar y a nivel del sistema nervioso central, episodios estos generalmente de mayor gravedad y a veces fatales. Se describe aquí el caso de un paciente que recibió terapia trombolítica con estreptoquinasa como tratamiento por un infarto de miocardio, y que posteriormente desarrolló insuficiencia respiratoria aguda, infiltrados pulmonares bilaterales, caída del hematocrito y aumento de la difusión de monóxido de carbono, cuadro compatible con diagnóstico de hemorragia alveolar. Abstract in english Coronary thrombolysis is used as a strategy for coronary reperfusion for acute myocardial infarction. Bleeding is the main complication described. Although most of these events occur at sites of vascular access and are mild, in some cases gastrointestinal, retroperitoneal, genitourinary, lung and ce [...] ntral nervous system bleeding may occur. These episodes are usually serious and sometimes fatal. The following report describes the case of a patient who received thrombolytic therapy with streptokinase as a treatment for myocardial infarction. Subsequently he developed acute respiratory failure, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and fall of hematocrit compatible with diagnosis of alveolar hemorrhage.

  11. Comparison between two tomographic sections in the diagnosis of external root resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Afonso Lermen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of coronal and sagittal CT sections to detect cavities simulating root resorption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 mandibular incisors were embedded in plaster bases, and cavities with 0.6, 1.2 or 1.8 mm in diameter and 0.3, 0.6 or 0.9 mm in depth (small, medium and large cavities were drilled on the buccal surfaces with high-speed round burs with diameters of 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 mm to simulate external inflammatory root resorption. Simulations in the cervical, middle and apical thirds of each tooth root were made randomly. The Dental Scan software was used to obtain 1-mm-thick axial images from direct scanning, which were reconstructed in the coronal and sagittal planes using 3D software (Syngo FastView. Each series was loaded into the software. Fourteen images of each tooth were reconstructed in the coronal plane and 14 in the sagittal plane. A total of 1,652 images were obtained for analysis. Series information, tooth number and the plane reconstructed were stored. The images generated were saved on a CD-ROM together with the visualization software (Syngo FastView. Images were analyzed by a previously calibrated blinded, radiologist. Cochran's Q test was conducted separately for each region analyzed followed by pair-wise comparison by the McNemar test (p=0.05. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference (p>0.05 was observed in the diagnosis of simulated resorption between the apical, middle, and coronal thirds. When the axial plane was assessed separately, diagnoses were statistically different (p0.05 between planes, irrespective of the third in which the resorptions were located. CONCLUSION: When tomographic sections are requested for the diagnosis of buccal or lingual external root resorption, sagittal sections afford the best image characterization of the resorption process.

  12. Orthodontic treatment in patient with idiopathic root resorption: A case report

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Diego, Rey; Rosana Martínez, Smit; Liliana, Gamboa.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A reabsorção radicular externa idiopática é uma rara condição patológica, normalmente detectada como um achado fortuito radiológico. Trata-se de um processo multifatorial, relacionado a diversos fatores locais e sistêmicos. Se um fator etiológico não for identificado, a reabsorção radicular é classi [...] ficada como idiopática. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino com reabsorção radicular idiopática, que procurou tratamento ortodôntico para corrigir uma má oclusão. Esse tipo de reabsorção começa apicalmente e evolui coronalmente, provocando o encurtamento gradual e o arredondamento da raiz remanescente. Os pacientes com essa condição não são os candidatos ideais para o tratamento ortodôntico, no entanto, o objetivo desse relato é descrever um caso incomum de reabsorção radicular idiopática que envolveu toda a dentição. Além disso, pretende-se apresentar o tratamento ortodôntico da paciente. Também são descritos o progresso e a conclusão do tratamento ortodôntico, assim como os satisfatórios resultados finais. Abstract in english Multiple idiopathic external root resorption is a rare pathological condition usually detected as an incidental radiographic finding. External root resorption of permanent teeth is a multifactorial process related to several local and systemic factors. If an etiological factor cannot be identified f [...] or root resorption, the term "idiopathic" is applied. This report presents a case of multiple idiopathic apical root resorption. The condition was found in a young female patient seeking orthodontic treatment due to malocclusion. This kind of resorption starts apically and progresses coronally, causing a gradual shortening and rounding of the remaining root. Patients with this condition are not the ideal candidates for orthodontic treatment; however, the aim of this report is to describe an unusual case of idiopathic root resorption involving the entire dentition, and to present the orthodontic treatment of this patient. It describes the progress and completion of orthodontic therapy with satisfactory end results.

  13. Comparison between two tomographic sections in the diagnosis of external root resorption

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cláudio Afonso, Lermen; Gabriela Salatino, Liedke; Heloísa Emília Dias da, Silveira; Heraldo Luis Dias da, Silveira; Alessandro André, Mazzola; José Antônio Poli de, Figueiredo.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of coronal and sagittal CT sections to detect cavities simulating root resorption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 mandibular incisors were embedded in plaster bases, and cavities with 0.6, 1.2 or 1.8 mm in diameter and 0.3, 0.6 or 0.9 mm in depth (small, medium and large [...] cavities) were drilled on the buccal surfaces with high-speed round burs with diameters of 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 mm to simulate external inflammatory root resorption. Simulations in the cervical, middle and apical thirds of each tooth root were made randomly. The Dental Scan software was used to obtain 1-mm-thick axial images from direct scanning, which were reconstructed in the coronal and sagittal planes using 3D software (Syngo FastView). Each series was loaded into the software. Fourteen images of each tooth were reconstructed in the coronal plane and 14 in the sagittal plane. A total of 1,652 images were obtained for analysis. Series information, tooth number and the plane reconstructed were stored. The images generated were saved on a CD-ROM together with the visualization software (Syngo FastView). Images were analyzed by a previously calibrated blinded, radiologist. Cochran's Q test was conducted separately for each region analyzed followed by pair-wise comparison by the McNemar test (p=0.05). RESULTS: No statistically significant difference (p>0.05) was observed in the diagnosis of simulated resorption between the apical, middle, and coronal thirds. When the axial plane was assessed separately, diagnoses were statistically different (p0.05) between planes, irrespective of the third in which the resorptions were located. CONCLUSION: When tomographic sections are requested for the diagnosis of buccal or lingual external root resorption, sagittal sections afford the best image characterization of the resorption process.

  14. Dynamics of fibrosis production and resorption in intestinal schistosomiasis of mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosella de Oliveira Santos

    1992-03-01

    Full Text Available A histological, morphometric and immunocytochemical study of schistosomal periovular granulomas in the liver and intestines of mice revealed that intestinal granulomas are smaller and contain less collagen than those in the liver. After curative treatment intestinal granulomas undergo a relatively more rapid resorption, although the general pattern of collagen degradation apparently does not differ from that observed in the liver. Tendency to form scattered, usually isolated granulomas that are only mildly fibrogenic, coupled with a well-balanced process of resorption appear as the explanation why intestinal fibrosis is not an outstanding feature of schistosomiasis as it is in the liver.

  15. Comparison between two tomographic sections in the diagnosis of external root resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudio Afonso Lermen; Gabriela Salatino Liedke; Heloísa Emília Dias da Silveira; Heraldo Luis Dias da Silveira; Alessandro André Mazzola; José Antônio Poli de Figueiredo

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To assess the accuracy of coronal and sagittal CT sections to detect cavities simulating root resorption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 mandibular incisors were embedded in plaster bases, and cavities with 0.6, 1.2 or 1.8 mm in diameter and 0.3, 0.6 or 0.9 mm in depth (small, medium and large cavities) were drilled on the buccal surfaces with high-speed round burs with diameters of 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 mm to simulate external inflammatory root resorption. Simulations in the cervical, middl...

  16. The effect of exogenous surfactant on alveolar interdependence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salito, Caterina; Aliverti, Andrea; Mazzuca, Enrico; Rivolta, Ilaria; Miserocchi, Giuseppe

    2015-05-01

    To investigate the nature of alveolar mechanical interdependence, we purposefully disturbed the equilibrium condition by administering exogenous surfactant in physiological non-surfactant deprived conditions. Changes in alveolar morphology induced by intra-tracheal delivery of CUROSURF were evaluated after opening a pleural window allowing in-vivo microscopic imaging of sub-pleural alveoli in 6 male anesthetized, tracheotomized and mechanically ventilated rabbits. Surfactant instillation increased the surface area of alveoli smaller than 20,000?m(2) up to ?50% at 15min after instillation, reflecting a lowering of surface tension due to local surfactant enrichment. Conversely, for alveoli greater than 20,000?m(2), surface area decreased by ?5%. Opposite changes in alveolar surface are interpreted as reflecting a new inter-alveolar mechanical equilibrium modified by local surfactant distribution and by a decrease in lung distending pressure. We propose that smaller alveoli, representing the majority of alveolar population, might mostly contribute to improve the oxygenation index following surfactant replacement therapy in case of surfactant deficiency. PMID:25600053

  17. Acute cigarette smoke exposure increases alveolar permeability in rabbits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors measured lung clearance of aerosolized technetium-labeled diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (/sup 99m/TcDTPA) as an index of alveolar epithelial permeability in rabbits exposed to cigarette smoke. Eighteen rabbits were randomly assigned to 3 equal-size groups: control, all smoke exposure (ASE), and limited smoke exposure (LSE). Cigarette or sham smoke was delivered by syringe in a series of 5, 10, 20, and 30 tidal volume breaths with a 20-min counting period between each subset of breaths to determine /sup 99m/TcDTPA biologic half-life (T1/2). Mean T1/2 minimum was significantly lower for ASE and LSE rabbits than by control rabbits. They observed a significant difference at 20 and 30 breath exposures between the control and ASE group mean values for T1/2, arterial blood pressure, and peak airway pressure. A combination of light and electron microscopy showed focal alveolar edema and hemorrhage in the ASE and LSE groups but no alveolar-capillary membrane damage. In summary, acute cigarette smoke exposure increases alveolar permeability as measured by /sup 99m/TcDTPA clearance, but there was no detectable ultrastructural alteration of the alveolar-capillary membrane

  18. Bathymetry of the Reykjanes Ridge

    OpenAIRE

    Keeton, Ja; Searle, Rc; Parsons, B.; White, Rs; Murton, Bj; Parson, Lm; Peirce, C.; Sinha, Mc

    1997-01-01

    We present a series of 1:200,000 scale maps of the bathymetry of the Reykjanes Ridge. The data are divided into four maps, extending 630 km along the ridge axis and between 30 and 100 km off-axis. This compilation of bathymetry data is extremely detailed, gridded at approximately 100 m resolution, and with almost no gaps. The Reykjanes Ridge is one of the best examples of a hotspot-dominated ridge, whose characteristics are influenced by its proximity to the Iceland plume. Many fundamental qu...

  19. Amiloride-sensitive fluid resorption in NCI-H441 lung epithelia depends on an apical Cl(-) conductance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korbmacher, Jonas P; Michel, Christiane; Neubauer, Daniel; Thompson, Kristin; Mizaikoff, Boris; Frick, Manfred; Dietl, Paul; Wittekindt, Oliver H

    2014-01-01

    Proper apical airway surface hydration is essential to maintain lung function. This hydration depends on well-balanced water resorption and secretion. The mechanisms involved in resorption are still a matter of debate, especially as the measurement of transepithelial water transport remains challenging. In this study, we combined classical short circuit current (I SC) measurements with a novel D2O dilution method to correlate ion and water transport in order to reveal basic transport mechanisms in lung epithelia. D2O dilution method enabled precise analysis of water resorption with an unprecedented resolution. NCI-H441 cells cultured at an air-liquid interface resorbed water at a rate of 1.5 ± 0.4 ?L/(h cm(2)). Water resorption and I SC were reduced by almost 80% in the presence of the bulk Cl(-) channel inhibitor 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB) or amiloride, a specific inhibitor of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). However, water resorption and I SC were only moderately affected by forskolin or cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) channel inhibitors (CFTRinh-172 and glybenclamide). In line with previous studies, we demonstrate that water resorption depends on ENaC, and CFTR channels have only a minor but probably modulating effect on water resorption. However, the major ENaC-mediated water resorption depends on an apical non-CFTR Cl(-) conductance. PMID:24744880

  20. Amiloride?sensitive fluid resorption in NCI?H441 lung epithelia depends on an apical Cl? conductance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korbmacher, Jonas P.; Michel, Christiane; Neubauer, Daniel; Thompson, Kristin; Mizaikoff, Boris; Frick, Manfred; Dietl, Paul; Wittekindt, Oliver H.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Proper apical airway surface hydration is essential to maintain lung function. This hydration depends on well?balanced water resorption and secretion. The mechanisms involved in resorption are still a matter of debate, especially as the measurement of transepithelial water transport remains challenging. In this study, we combined classical short circuit current (ISC) measurements with a novel D2O dilution method to correlate ion and water transport in order to reveal basic transport mechanisms in lung epithelia. D2O dilution method enabled precise analysis of water resorption with an unprecedented resolution. NCI?H441 cells cultured at an air–liquid interface resorbed water at a rate of 1.5 ± 0.4 ?L/(h cm2). Water resorption and ISC were reduced by almost 80% in the presence of the bulk Cl? channel inhibitor 5?nitro?2?(3?phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB) or amiloride, a specific inhibitor of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). However, water resorption and ISC were only moderately affected by forskolin or cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) channel inhibitors (CFTRinh?172 and glybenclamide). In line with previous studies, we demonstrate that water resorption depends on ENaC, and CFTR channels have only a minor but probably modulating effect on water resorption. However, the major ENaC?mediated water resorption depends on an apical non?CFTR Cl? conductance. PMID:24744880

  1. Alveolar Osteitis: A Comprehensive Review of Concepts and Controversies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Miloro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar osteitis, “dry socket”, remains amongst the most commonly encountered complications following extraction of teeth by general dentists and specialists. A great body of literature is devoted to alveolar osteitis addressing the etiology and pathophysiology of this condition. In addition numerous studies are available discussing methods and techniques to prevent this condition. To this date though great controversy still exists regarding the appropriate terminology used for this condition as well as the actual etiology, pathophysiology, and best methods of prevention and treatment. This article is a comprehensive critical review of the available literature addressing the concepts and controversies surrounding alveolar osteitis. We aim to assist the dental health care professional with patient preparation and management of this commonly encountered postoperative condition should be encountered.

  2. Acute pulmonary alveolar proteinosis due to exposure to cotton dust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thind Gurcharan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP is rare but may occur in association with malignancy, certain infections, and exposure to inorganic or organic dust and some toxic fumes. This case report describes the second recorded case of PAP due to exposure to cotton dust. A 24-year-old man developed PAP after working as a spinner for eight years without respiratory protection. He was admitted as an emergency patient with very severe dyspnea for four months and cough for several years. Chest X-ray showed bilateral diffuse alveolar consolidation. He died 16 days later, and a diagnosis of acute pulmonary alveolar proteinosis was made at autopsy. The histopathology demonstrated alveoli and respiratory bronchioles filled with characteristic periodic acid Schiff-positive material, which also revealed birefringent bodies of cotton dust under polarized light. Secondary PAP can be fatal and present with acute respiratory failure. The occupational history and characteristic pathology can alert clinicians to the diagnosis.

  3. Leukotriene B4 receptors on guinea pig alveolar eosinophils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The existence of receptors for LTB4 on highly purified guinea pig alveolar eosinophils was investigated. Massive infiltration of eosinophils in alveolar spaces was induced in guinea pigs by i.v. injections of Sephadex beads G50 (16 mg/kg). Alveolar eosinophils (50 x 10(6) cells) were purified to approximately 98% by Percoll continuous density gradient centrifugation. The binding studies indicated that alveolar eosinophils bind LTB4 in a saturable, reversible and specific manner. Scatchard analysis indicated the existence of high-affinity binding sites (Kd1 = 1.00 ± 0.22 nM; Bmax1 = 966 ± 266 sites/cell) and low-affinity binding sites (Kd2 = 62.5 ± 8.9 nM; Bmax2 = 5557 ± 757 sites/cell). The metabolism of LTB4 by alveolar eosinophils in binding conditions was assessed by RP-HPLC and no significant degradation of [3H]LTB4 was observed. LTB4 dose-dependently stimulated eosinophil migration in both chemokinesis and chemotaxis assays with an EC50 value of 1.30 ± 0.14 and 18.14 ± 1.57 nM, respectively. LTB4 caused a dose-dependent increase in the production of superoxide anion with an apparent EC50 value of 50 x 10(-9) M in the authors experimental conditions. LTB4 also induced a dose-dependent increase in the generation of TxA2 with an EC50 value of 46.2 x 10(-9) M. Taken together, their results demonstrated that guinea pig alveolar eosinophils express two classes of specific receptors for LTB4. The high-affinity binding sites seem associated to chemokinesis and chem associated to chemokinesis and chemotaxis whereas the low-affinity binding sites seem associated to superoxide anion production and generation of TxA2. The existence of LTB4 receptors in eosinophils could explain the presence of these cells in hypersensitivity reactions

  4. Poliangeíte microscópica com hemorragia alveolar difusa / Microscopic polyangiitis with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Wellington Alves dos, Santos; Gustavo Trindade, Michel; Carlos Eurico da Luz, Pereira; Vera Luiza, Capelozzi; Jader Nascimento, Mileto; Cleber Antonio, Fiorini.

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Poliangeíte microscópica é uma forma de vasculite sistêmica de pequenos vasos, associada aos anticorpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos, que preferencialmente acomete vênulas, capilares e arteríolas, e que pode, entretanto, envolver artérias e veias. Está entre as vasculites sistêmicas primárias de pe [...] quenos vasos mais freqüentes, e pode ter apresentação clínica indistinguível da granulomatose de Wegener e da síndrome de Churg-Strauss. Estas vasculites de pequenos vasos são histologicamente semelhantes e podem ser diferenciadas pela presença de granulomas na granulomatose de Wegener, ou de quadro clínico-funcional de asma na síndrome de Churg-Strauss. Relata-se o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino de 66 anos com poliangeíte microscópica com hemorragia alveolar difusa como forma de apresentação clínica, com ênfase no diagnóstico diferencial com outras vasculites pulmonares de pequenos vasos. Abstract in english Microscopic Polyangiitis is a form of Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (ANCA)- associated small-vessel vasculitis that preferentially involves venules, capillaries and arterioles and may also involve arteries and veins. It is one of the most common primary systemic small-vessel vasculitis. Its c [...] linical presentation is not distinguishable from the Wegener’s granulomatosis (WG) and the Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS). These types of small-vessel vasculitis are histologically similar and can be differentiated by the presence of granulomatous inflammation in WG or asthma in CSS. The case of a 66-year-old man with microscopic polyangiitis presenting with alveolar hemorrhage is reported with a discussion of the differential diagnosis of other types of pulmonary small-vessel vasculitis.

  5. Alveolar epithelial permeability in bronchial asthma in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate alveolar epithelial permeability (kep) in children with bronchial asthma, 99mTc-DTPA (diethylene triamine penta acetate) aerosol lung inhalation scintigraphies were performed. There was no correlation between the kep value and the severity of asthma. On the other hand, out of 10 cases which had no aerosol deposition defect in the lung field, 4 showed high kep values on the whole lung field and 7 had high kep value areas, particularly apparent in the upper lung field. These results suggest that even when the central airway lesions are mild, severe damage exists in the alveolar region of the peripheral airway. (author)

  6. Repopulation of denuded tracheal grafts with alveolar type II cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Repopulation of denuded heterotopic tracheal grafts with populations of specific epithelial cell types is one approach to study the differentiation potential of various cell types. This technique has been adopted to delineate the differentiation pathways of alveolar type II cells isolated from rat lungs. Under the conditions of this experiment, the reestablished epithelial lining was alveolar-like, however, ultrastructural analysis of the cells showed them to be like Clara cells. These preliminary results suggest that the secretary cells of the lung parenchyma and terminal airways may share a common ancestry. (author)

  7. Deformation of Forearcs during Aseismic Ridge Subduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeumann, S.; Hampel, A.

    2014-12-01

    Subduction of aseismic oceanic ridges causes considerable deformation of the forearc region. To identify the crucial parameters for forearc deformation we created 3D finite-element models representing both erosive and accretive forearcs as well as migrating and non-migrating ridges. As natural examples we choose the Cocos ridge subducting stationary beneath the erosive margin of Costa Rica and the Nazca and Gagua Ridges that migrate along the erosive Peruvian margin and the accretive accretive Ryukyu margin, respectively. A series of models show that the deformation of the forearc depends on the ridge shape (height, width), on the frictional coupling along the plate interface and the mechanical strength of the forearc. The forearc is uplifted and moved sideward during ridge subduction. Strain components show domains of both, shortening and extension. Along the ridge axis, extension occurs except at the ridge tip, where shortening prevails. The strain component normal to the ridge axis reveals extension at the ridge tip and contraction above the ridge flanks. Shortening and extension increase with increasing ridge height. Higher friction coefficients lead to less extension and more shortening. Accretive wedges show larger indentation at the model trench. For stationary ridges (Cocos Ridge) the deformation pattern of the forearc is symmetric with respect to the ridge axis whereas for migrating ridges (Nazca Ridge, Gagua Ridge) the oblique convergence direction leads to asymmetric deformation of the forearc. In case of ridge migration, uplift occurs at the leading flank of the ridge and subsidence at the trailing flank, in agreement with field observations and analogue models. For a model with a 200-km-wide and 1500-m-high ridge (i.e. similar to the dimensions of the Nazca Ridge), the modelled uplift rate at the southern ridge flank of the ridge is ~1 mm/a, which agrees well with uplift rates of ~0.7 mm/a derived from the elevation of marine terraces in southern Peru.

  8. Height ridges of oriented medialness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furst, Jacob David

    Shape analysis of objects is an important aspect of medical image processing. Information gained from shape analysis can be used for object segmentation, object- based registration and object visualization. One shape analysis tool is the core, defined to be a height ridge of a medial strength measure made on an image. In this dissertation I present 3D cores, defined here to be optimal scale-orientation height ridges of oriented medial strength measurements. This dissertation covers (1)a medial strength measurement, Blum- like medialness, that is robust, efficient, and insensitive to intrafigural interference, (2)a new definition for a ridge, the optimal parameter height ridge, and its properties, and (3)an algorithm, Marching Ridges, for extracting cores. The medial strength measurement uses Gaussian derivatives, so is insensitive to noise, and responds to object boundaries at points rather than on entire spheres, so is faster to calculate and less sensitive to boundaries of other image figures. The Marching Ridges algorithm uses the grid structure of the image domain to identify ridge points as zero-crossings of first derivatives and to track ridges through the image domain. I include results of this algorithm on medical images of cerebral vasculature, a skull, kidneys, and brain ventricles.

  9. On the assessment of radionuclide resorption from the gastro-intestinal tract of the blood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comparison of the resorption rates measured for the radionuclides Ce, Co, Pu, Ru, Sr and Zn as well as the vitamin B12 with the recommendations for calculation given by the SSK showed that the values used by the SSK partly are too low by orders of magnitude. The dose factors therefore no longer correspond to the international level of science. (DG)

  10. Immunohistochemical expression of biglycan and decorin in the pulp tissue of human primary teeth during resorption

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Monique Saveriano De, Benedetto; Filipe Modolo, Siqueira; Marcelo Betti, Mascaro; Vera Cavalcanti, Araujo; Marcelo Jose Strazzeri, Bonecker.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary teeth are interesting models that can be used to study physiological and pathological processes involving cells and extracellular matrices in hard and soft tissues. This study investigated the expression and distribution of biglycan and decorin-the non-collagenous components of the extracell [...] ular matrix-in primary teeth tissue, during physiological root resorption. Thirty healthy human primary teeth were grouped together according to root length: Group I - two-thirds root length, Group II - one-third root length, and Group III - teeth with no root. The streptavidin-biotin-peroxidase immunohistochemical method was used with antibodies against the previously named antigens. The proteoglycans studied were found in the pulp and dentin extracellular matrix in all groups without any differences in the proteins, among the groups. Biglycan was observed mainly in predentin and in pulp connective tissue in the resorption area. In addition, decorin was observed mainly in pulp connective tissue, but near the resorption area. Biglycan and decorin were distributed differentially in the dental tissues. The present immunohistocytochemical data, combined with previously reported data, suggest that these proteoglycans could be involved in regulating the physiological resorption process in healthy primary teeth.

  11. Identifying enamel diffusion properties in feline teeth affected with resorptive lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živkovi? R.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Various factors have been suggested in the pathogenesis of feline resorptive lesions, such as periodontal disease, dietary factors, mechanical stress, developmental tooth defects, breed and viral disease, although none of these factors have been definitively proven to be the direct cause. It was recently published that normally enamel in cats is significantly thinner at the cemento-enamel junction, and both enamel and dentine are significantly less mineralized than elsewhere on the tooth. However, it is still unclear what anatomical features of the tooth surface are associated with a predisposition for resorptive lesions, and what is the initiating cause for the clastic activity afterwards. The present study was undertaken with the aim to describe enamel properties of transport and distribution of organic molecules in intact feline teeth and teeth affected with resorptive lesions. The results indicate that damaged enamel is prone to a greater bilateral diffusion process, leading to continuous disruption of the enamel structure. Also, teeth that are subjected to occlusal stress are at greater risk of destruction because micro fractures produce disarrangements in feline dental tissue diffusion homeostasis. The relationship between these features with feline dental resorptive lesions requires further studies.

  12. Osteoclastogenesis and osteoclastic resorption of tricalcium phosphate: effect of strontium and magnesium doping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Mangal; Bose, Susmita

    2012-09-01

    Bone substitute materials are required to support the remodeling process, which consists of osteoclastic resorption and osteoblastic synthesis. Osteoclasts, the bone-resorbing cells, generate from differentiation of hemopoietic mononuclear cells. In the present study, we have evaluated the effects of 1.0 wt % strontium (Sr) and 1.0 wt % magnesium (Mg) doping in beta-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP) on the differentiation of mononuclear cells into osteoclast-like cells and its resorptive activity. In vitro osteoclast-like cell formation, adhesion, and resorption were studied using osteoclast precursor RAW 264.7 cell, supplemented with receptor activator of nuclear factor ?? ligand (RANKL). Osteoclast-like cell formation was noticed on pure and Sr-doped ?-TCP samples at day 8, which was absent on Mg-doped ?-TCP samples indicating decrease in initial osteoclast differentiation due to Mg doping. After 21 days of culture, osteoclast-like cell formation was evident on all samples with osteoclastic markers such as actin ring, multiple nuclei, and presence of vitronectin receptor ?(v)?(3) integrin. After osteoclast differentiation, all substrates showed osteoclast-like cell-mediated degradation, however, significantly restricted for Mg-doped ?-TCP samples. Our present results indicated that substrate chemistry controlled osteoclast differentiation and resorptive activity, which can be used in designing TCP-based resorbable bone substitutes with controlled degradation properties. PMID:22566212

  13. An experimental study on the tooth root resorption for digital radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluated experimental tooth root resorption for digital radiography. For this study, experimentally three root sites were used, and radiograms were taken with standardized apparatus. Digital imaging system were consisted of NEC PC-9801 (computer), TRINITRON (monitor), SONY XC-711 CCD camera. The display monitor had a resolution of 512 X 512 pixels. The following results were obtained: 1. In the difference of the four X-ray film of the contrast correction, the contrast difference was one gray scale variation at mean value. 2. Viewing of the view box of the periapical radiographs, experimental tooth root resorption of the periapical area of the first premolar, middle of mesial surface of the first molar mesial root, middle of lingual surface of the first molar distal root were recognized by increased diameter. 3. On the analysis by histogram, the periapical area of the first premolar, the middle surface of the first molar mesial root were each recognized tooth root resorption of the 5,6,7 pixel, 2,4,5 pixel by increased diameter. 4. On the analysis by histogram, the middle of lingual surface of the first molar distal root was each recognized tooth root resorption of the none, 3,6, pixel by increased diameter.

  14. Is mild dental invagination a risk factor for apical root resorption in orthodontic patients?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavragani, Maria; Apisariyakul, Janya; Brudvik, Pongsri; Selvig, Knut Andreas

    2006-08-01

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess if dental invagination is a risk factor for root resorption during orthodontic treatment. The sample consisted of 91 patients (32 males, 59 females) with a mean age of 13.1 years (range 9.3-32.1 years) with complete orthodontic records, including periapical radiographs of the maxillary incisors before and after treatment. Forty-nine patients had at least one maxillary incisor invaginated, whilst the remaining 42 patients were free of dental invaginations. Variables recorded for each patient included gender, age, Angle classification, extraction or non-extraction therapy, ANB angle, overjet, overbite, trauma, habits, agenesis, tooth exfoliation, treatment duration, Class II elastics, body-build, general factors, impacted canines, and root form deviation. Crown and root length of the maxillary incisors were measured on pre- and post-treatment long cone periapical radiographs corrected for image distortion. The percentage of root shortening and root length loss in millimetres was then calculated. Most of the invaginated teeth were minor type 1. Statistical analysis revealed no significant difference in the severity of apical root resorption between invaginated and non-invaginated incisors in patients without dental invaginations, nor was the extent of dental invagination related to the severity of apical root resorption. However, invaginated teeth had malformed roots more often than non-invaginated teeth. Dental invagination, and particularly type 1, cannot be considered a risk factor for apical root resorption during orthodontic tooth movement. PMID:16763089

  15. Association of orthodontic force system and root resorption : A systematic review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roscoe, Marina G; Meira, Josete B C

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In this systematic review, we assessed the literature to determine which evidence level supports the association of orthodontic force system and root resorption. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases were searched with no restrictions on year, publication status, or language. Selection criteria included human studies conducted with fixed orthodontic appliances or aligners, with at least 10 patients and the force system well described. RESULTS: A total of 259 articles were retrieved in the initial search. After the review process, 21 full-text articles met the inclusion criteria. Sample sizes ranged from 10 to 73 patients. Most articles were classified as having high evidence levels and low risks of bias. CONCLUSIONS: Although a meta-analysis was not performed, from the available literature, it seems that positive correlations exist between increased force levels and increased root resorption, as well as between increased treatment time and increased root resorption. Moreover, a pause in tooth movement seems to be beneficial in reducing root resorption because it allows the resorbed cementum to heal. The absence of a control group, selection criteria of patients, and adequate examinations before and after treatment are the most common methodology flaws.

  16. BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS OF BONE RESORPTION AND HORMONAL REGULATION OF BONE METABOLISM FOLLOWING LIVER TRANSPLANTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. P. Buzulina

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim. Comparative evaluation of two biochemical markers of bone resorption and hormonal regulation of bone metabolism in liver recipients. Methods and results. B?ne densitometry of L2–L4 and neck of femur, serum level of some hormones (PTH, vitamin D3, estradiol, testosterone regulating osteoclastogenesis as well as com- parative analyses of two bone resorption markers ?-crosslaps and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase type 5b (TRAP-5b were fulfilled in patients after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT. In 1 month after OLT bone density reduction of L2–L4 and neck of femur; decrease of vitamin D3, estradiol in women, testosterone in men and increase levels of bone resorption markers were observed. In 1 and 2 years after OLT the rise of bone density, increased levels of PTH, estradiol, testosterone and decreased ?-crosslaps levels were revealed, while vitamin D3 and TRAP-5b levels remained stable. Conclusion. TRAP-5b was found to be a more speciffic marker of bone resorption, independent from collagen metabolism in liver. Osteoporosis defined in long-term period after OLT was associated with higher TRAP-5b and revialed in women with low estradiol level. 

  17. Management of a massive resorptive lesion with multiple perforations in a molar: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borkar, Swati; de Noronha de Ataide, Ida

    2015-05-01

    Internal resorption is usually asymptomatic. Large resorption defects may result in penetration of the root dentin leading to perforation. In this case report, we describe the diagnosis and nonsurgical repair of a large resorptive lesion with multiple perforations in a mandibular first molar using cone-beam computed tomographic technology. The 3 different root perforations were located in the mesial root and repaired using Biodentine (Septodont, Saint-Maur des Fossés, France). The mesial root weakened from resorption was reinforced by replacing the lost root dentin with calcium silicate-based cement and placement of a glass fiber post. The 18-month follow-up confirmed remineralization of the osseous defect and asymptomatic function of the tooth. A further follow-up at 43 months revealed retention of the tooth and absence of root fracture. Usually, a tooth with multiple perforations and such a severe tooth material loss would have been destined for extraction. However, with contemporary diagnostic techniques such as cone-beam computed tomography and use of advanced biomaterials and root reinforcement methods, such teeth can be salvaged. PMID:25728818

  18. Lack of Interleukin 1-beta Expression Following Orthodontic Induced Root Resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massoud Seifi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the effect of orthodontic tooth movement on the expression ofinterleukin-1? mRNA in rats using RT-PCR.Materials and Methods: Sample consisted of eighteen 8-week-old male Wistar rats. Theright maxillary first molar of each animal was protracted using an orthodontic protraction appliance.The left maxillary first molar received no treatment and was assigned as the controlgroup. On day 21, all rats were sacrifice and divided in two equal groups. The first group,group (A, was histologically evaluated for the presence and size of potential resorptive lacunae.The second group, group (B, was investigated using RT-PCR in order to determineIL-1? mRNA expression.Results: Measurements revealed that the mean tooth movement was 0.23 mm in group Aand 0.24 mm in group B. The mean depth of the resorptive lacunae was 0.17×10-11 mm2 inthe control group and 4.9×10-11 mm2 in the intervention group (control group: left maxillaryfirst molars; right maxillary first molars were divided to group A & B, histologic study of groupA assures the existence of resorptive lacunae and its extent relative to control group. Thedifference between the two groups was statistically significant (p<0.05. The RT-PCR evaluationshowed no significant differences in IL-1? mRNA expressions of resorptive lacunaebetween the treated and untreated groups.Conclusion: Although interleukin1-beta is the most potent stimulator of bone resorptionand mediator of inflammatory response, the present study showed that the IL-1beta mRNAwas not expressed more significantly in root resorption lacunae of the treated molars relativeto the control group.

  19. Effects of leukemia inhibitory factor on bone resorption and DNA synthesis in neonatal mouse calvaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, C; Cornish, J; Martin, T J; Reid, I R

    1991-12-01

    Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a recently characterized cytokine which has been shown to regulate cell growth and differentiation in a variety of tissues. We have shown that LIF stimulates bone resorption and DNA synthesis in bone organ culture and, in vivo, LIF has been shown to have marked effects on bone remodeling. The present study examines further the dose-response, time course and mechanisms of action of LIF in neonatal mouse calvaria. 45Ca release was significantly increased by LIF at concentrations of 10-5,000 U/ml, and its stimulation of bone resorption increased with time from 24 to 96 hours. These concentrations of LIF also increased DNA synthesis at 24 hours. At 72 hours, low concentrations of LIF produced less marked stimulation of [3H]-thymidine incorporation, and 5,000 u/ml actually inhibited DNA synthesis at both this time point and at 96 hours. The effect of LIF on 45Ca release was partially inhibited when DNA synthesis was blocked by hydroxyurea (50 microM). The resorptive effect of supramaximal concentrations of LIF was not additive to that of parathyroid hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, prostaglandin E2, or transforming growth factor-beta. Although LIF-stimulated resorption is at least partially dependent on DNA synthesis, these results suggest that there are different mechanisms involved in mediating LIF's effects on bone resorption and DNA synthesis. The demonstration of effects of LIF at low concentrations indicates that this cytokine may be involved in the physiological regulation of bone metabolism in vivo. PMID:1818764

  20. Alveolar osseous defect in rat for cell therapy: preliminary report Defeito ósseo alveolar em ratos para terapia celular: estudo preliminar

    OpenAIRE

    Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral; Gerson Shigeru Kobayashi; Ana Beatriz Almeida; Bueno, Daniela F.; Freitas, Fatima Rodrigues Souza E.; Luiz Carlos Vulcano; Maria Rita Passos-Bueno; Nivaldo Alonso

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: To study were to reproduce an alveolar bone defect model in Wistar rats to be used for testing the efficacy of stem cell therapies. Additionally, we also aimed to determine the osteogenesis process of this osseous defect in the 1 month period post-surgery. METHODS: The animals were randomly divided into two groups of 7 animals each. A gingivobuccal incision was made, and a bone defect of 28 mm² of area was performed in the alveolar region. Animals were killed at 2 weeks after surger...

  1. Probable Limitations of Osteoblasts Isolation from the Periosteum and Alveolar Bone in a Dog Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sourena Vahabi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: Bone defects in jaws create major problems for oral and maxillofacial surgery. To overcome the limitations of Autografts tissue engineering uses autogenus cells and synthetic scaffolds. Type of cells or cell sources have an important effect on the construction which is produced. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and probable limitations of osteoblast isolation from the periosteum and alveolar bone in an animal model and to compare their probable results quantitatively. Materials & Methods: Bone and periosteal samples were harvested from interdental septum and retromolar area of 4 dogs. Because no cell was grown new samples were harvested from edentulous ridge and buccal mandibular periosteum. Since no cell was isolated in next step samples were harvested from buccal area of maxillary premolars and explants in cell culture medium. After 2 weeks adherent cells reaching 80% confluent; cells were counted and passaged in cell culture flasks. Results: Despite first good proliferation of periosteal cells of all dogs in P0, their growth was stopped and they become senescence after one week. Conclusion: The key problems in culture techniques are cell senescence and de-differentiation leading to lose the ability of proliferation. It seems there are probable reasons for isolating of osteoblasts including thermal damage of cells, contamination of culture with fibroblasts, inconsistency of medium and cell requirements, enzymatic damage from enzymes used for cell passage and high donor ages.

  2. Alveolar osseous defect in rat for cell therapy: preliminary report / Defeito ósseo alveolar em ratos para terapia celular: estudo preliminar

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cassio Eduardo, Raposo-Amaral; Gerson Shigeru, Kobayashi; Ana Beatriz, Almeida; Daniela F., Bueno; Fatima Rodrigues de Souza e, Freitas; Luiz Carlos, Vulcano; Maria Rita, Passos-Bueno; Nivaldo, Alonso.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Reproduzir um novo modelo de defeito ósseo alveolar em ratos Wistar que será utilizado para terapia genética e estudos com células tronco. Adicionalmente, outro objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar o pico de regeneração óssea do defeito criado na região alveolar do modelo experimenta [...] l. MÉTODOS: Os animais foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos de sete animais. Através de uma incisão gengivobucal foi criado um defeito ósseo medindo 28 mm² de área na região alveolar dos ratos. Os ratos foram sacrificados após duas semanas (n=7) e quatro semanas (n=7) da cirurgia. RESULTADOS: A área média do defeito alveolar após duas semanas de cirurgia foi de 22.27 ± 1.31 mm² e a área média do defeito alveolar após quatro semanas de cirurgia foi de 9.03 ± 1.17 mm². A taxa de formação óssea foi de 5.73 ± 1.31 mm² após duas semanas de cirurgia e de 19 ± 1.17 mm² após quatro semanas de cirurgia. Foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante na taxa de formação óssea entre o grupo dos animais sacrificados com duas e quatro semanas (p=0.003). CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo demonstrou que a maior taxa de regeneração óssea ocorreu no período entre duas e quatro semanas após a cirurgia de criação do defeito ósseo alveolar, portanto esta observação sugere que o período de tempo de quatro semanas será suficiente para avaliar a capacidade de células tronco em regenerar osso em ratos Wistar com defeito ósseo alveolar. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To study were to reproduce an alveolar bone defect model in Wistar rats to be used for testing the efficacy of stem cell therapies. Additionally, we also aimed to determine the osteogenesis process of this osseous defect in the 1 month period post-surgery. METHODS: The animals were randomly [...] divided into two groups of 7 animals each. A gingivobuccal incision was made, and a bone defect of 28 mm² of area was performed in the alveolar region. Animals were killed at 2 weeks after surgery (n=7) and 4 weeks after surgery (n=7). RESULTS: The average area of the alveolar defect at time point of 2 weeks was 22.27 ± 1.31 mm² and the average area of alveolar defect at time point of 4 weeks was 9.03 ± 1.17 mm². The average amount of bone formation at time point of 2 weeks was 5.73 ± 1.31 mm² and the average amount of bone formation at time point of 4 weeks was 19 ± 1.17 mm². Statistically significant differences between the amount of bone formation at 2 weeks and 4 weeks after surgery were seen (p=0.003). CONCLUSION: The highest rate of ossification occurred mostly from 2 to 4 weeks after surgery. This observation suggests that 4 weeks after the bone defect creation should be a satisfactory timing to assess the potential of bone inductive stem cells to accelerate bone regeneration in Wistar rats.

  3. Alveolar osseous defect in rat for cell therapy: preliminary report Defeito ósseo alveolar em ratos para terapia celular: estudo preliminar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To study were to reproduce an alveolar bone defect model in Wistar rats to be used for testing the efficacy of stem cell therapies. Additionally, we also aimed to determine the osteogenesis process of this osseous defect in the 1 month period post-surgery. METHODS: The animals were randomly divided into two groups of 7 animals each. A gingivobuccal incision was made, and a bone defect of 28 mm² of area was performed in the alveolar region. Animals were killed at 2 weeks after surgery (n=7 and 4 weeks after surgery (n=7. RESULTS: The average area of the alveolar defect at time point of 2 weeks was 22.27 ± 1.31 mm² and the average area of alveolar defect at time point of 4 weeks was 9.03 ± 1.17 mm². The average amount of bone formation at time point of 2 weeks was 5.73 ± 1.31 mm² and the average amount of bone formation at time point of 4 weeks was 19 ± 1.17 mm². Statistically significant differences between the amount of bone formation at 2 weeks and 4 weeks after surgery were seen (p=0.003. CONCLUSION: The highest rate of ossification occurred mostly from 2 to 4 weeks after surgery. This observation suggests that 4 weeks after the bone defect creation should be a satisfactory timing to assess the potential of bone inductive stem cells to accelerate bone regeneration in Wistar rats.OBJETIVO: Reproduzir um novo modelo de defeito ósseo alveolar em ratos Wistar que será utilizado para terapia genética e estudos com células tronco. Adicionalmente, outro objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar o pico de regeneração óssea do defeito criado na região alveolar do modelo experimental. MÉTODOS: Os animais foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos de sete animais. Através de uma incisão gengivobucal foi criado um defeito ósseo medindo 28 mm² de área na região alveolar dos ratos. Os ratos foram sacrificados após duas semanas (n=7 e quatro semanas (n=7 da cirurgia. RESULTADOS: A área média do defeito alveolar após duas semanas de cirurgia foi de 22.27 ± 1.31 mm² e a área média do defeito alveolar após quatro semanas de cirurgia foi de 9.03 ± 1.17 mm². A taxa de formação óssea foi de 5.73 ± 1.31 mm² após duas semanas de cirurgia e de 19 ± 1.17 mm² após quatro semanas de cirurgia. Foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante na taxa de formação óssea entre o grupo dos animais sacrificados com duas e quatro semanas (p=0.003. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo demonstrou que a maior taxa de regeneração óssea ocorreu no período entre duas e quatro semanas após a cirurgia de criação do defeito ósseo alveolar, portanto esta observação sugere que o período de tempo de quatro semanas será suficiente para avaliar a capacidade de células tronco em regenerar osso em ratos Wistar com defeito ósseo alveolar.

  4. Is there correlation between alveolar and systemic bone density?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paula Cabrini, Scheibel; Adilson Luiz, Ramos; Lilian Cristina Vessoni, Iwaki.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a correlação entre a densidade óssea alveolar maxilomandibular e a densidade mineral óssea sistêmica. MÉTODOS: a absorciometria duoenergética por raios X do osso alveolar maxilomandibular (região anterior e posterior), dos sítios sistêmicos padrões (coluna lombar e fêmur) e da terc [...] eira vértebra cervical foi realizada em 23 mulheres de meia idade. Radiografias periapicais dos incisivos superiores também foram obtidas com uma escala de alumínio como referência para a leitura digital da densidade óssea da região apical. RESULTADOS: o teste de correlação de Spearman revelou que a densidade da região apical foi correlacionada com a do colo femoral (r = 0,433; p Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the correlation between maxillomandibular alveolar bone density and systemic bone mineral density (BMD). METHODS: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry of the anterior and posterior maxillomandibular alveolar bone, of the standard sites for the measurement of BMD (lu [...] mbar spine and femur) and the third cervical vertebra was performed on 23 middle-aged women. Periapical radiographs were also obtained, with an aluminum step-wedge as reference for the digital reading of apical bone density of the upper incisors. RESULTS: Spearman's correlations coefficients revealed that density in the apical region was correlated with that of the femoral neck (r = 0.433; p

  5. Reconstruction of alveolar cleft with allogenous bone graft: clinical considerations

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Omar Gabriel da, Silva Filho; Terumi Okada, Ozawa; Cláudia, Bachega; Marco Aurélio, Bachega.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: o enxerto ósseo secundário consiste em um procedimento rotineiro no tratamento de pacientes com fissura alveolar. Via de regra, é realizado no final da dentadura mista, na época de erupção do canino permanente, com osso medular autógeno retirado da crista ilíaca. OBJETIVO: o presente art [...] igo discorre sobre a alternativa de enxerto ósseo autógeno realizado com osso alógeno, obtido de banco de ossos humanos, ilustrando o resultado com a apresentação de um caso clínico de fissura alveolar unilateral do lado esquerdo. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: Secondary bone grafting consists in a routine procedure on the treatment of patients with alveolar cleft. Usually, it is performed by the end of the mixed dentition, when the permanent canine is erupting, with autogenous cancellous bone from the iliac crest. OBJECTIVE: The present arti [...] cle discusses the alternative of autogenous bone grafting with allogeneic bone, obtained from human bone bank, illustrating the result with the presentation of a clinical case of left unilateral alveolar cleft.

  6. Sensitivity of MRI in detecting alveolar infiltrates. Experimental studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: An experimental study using porcine lung explants and a dedicated chest phantom to evaluate the signal intensity of artificial alveolar infiltrates with T1- and T2-weighted MRI sequences. Material and Methods: 10 porcine lung explants were intubated, transferred into the cavity of a MRI-compatible chest phantom and inflated by continuous evacuation of the artificial pleural space. All lungs were examined with MRI at 1.5 T before and after intra-tracheal instillation of either 100 or 200 ml gelatine-stabilised liquid to simulate alveolar infiltrates. MR-examination comprised gradient echo (2D- and 3D-GRE) and fast spin echo sequences (T2-TSE and T2-HASTE). The signal intensity of lung parenchyma was evaluated at representative cross sections using a standardised scheme. Control studies were acquired with helical CT. Results: The instilled liquid caused patchy confluent alveolar infiltrates resembling the findings in patients with pneumonia or ARDS. CT revealed typical ground-glass opacities. Before the application of the liquid, only T2-HASTE and T2-TSE displayed lung parenchyma signals with a signal/noise ratio of 3.62 and 1.39, respectively. After application of the liquid, both T2-weighted sequences showed clearly visible infiltrates with an increase in signal intensity of approx. 30% at 100 ml (p2-weighted sequences detects artificial alveolar infiltrates with high signal intensity and may be a highly sensitive tool to detect pneumonia in patients. (orig.)

  7. Contribution of the tooth bud mesenchyme to alveolar bone.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Diep, L.; Matalová, Eva; Mitsiadis, T. A.; Tucker, A. S.

    312B, ?. 5 (2009), 510-517. ISSN 1552-5007 R&D Projects: GA ?R GC524/08/J032; GA AV ?R KJB500450802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50450515 Keywords : tooth * alveolar bone * bud Subject RIV: FF - HEENT, Dentistry Impact factor: 2.938, year: 2009

  8. Multisystem involvement of alveolar echinococcosis in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantarci, Mecit; Bayraktutan, Ummugulsum; Pirimoglu, Berhan; Ogul, Hayri; Oral, Akgun; Eren, Suat; Gundogdu, Betul

    2014-11-01

    Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a chronic progressive infestation inducing a slowly progressing, life-threatening tumor-like growth in the liver. It may spread to other organs by regional extension or hematogenous or lymphatic metastasis. Herein, we report a fifteen-year-old patient diagnosed with AE of the liver and simultaneous lung and brain metastasis with a literature review. PMID:25390065

  9. Effects of Nonsurgical Periodontal Treatment on the Alveolar Bone Density

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fabiana Cervo de, Barros; Flávia Farah, Braga; Ricardo Guimarães, Fischer; Carlos Marcelo da Silva, Figueredo.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico na densidade do osso alveolar e na altura óssea alveolar usando radiografias digitais diretas. Dezenove pacientes (média de idade 36±7,3 anos) com pacientes com periodontite crônica generalizada foram examinados n [...] o tempo 0 e aos 90 (90AT) e 180 (180AT) dias após o tratamento periodontal não cirúrgico. Dois grupos de sítios foram radiografados, 39 com profundidade de bolsa a sondagem (PBS)?3 mm e nível de inserção clínica (NIC)?1 mm (sítios rasos) e 62 com PBS?5 mm and NIC?3 mm (sítios profundos). A densidade foi avaliada considerando as regiões ósseas de interesse na crista óssea alveolar (ROI I) e no osso medular (ROI II). A altura óssea compreendia a distância entre a crista óssea alveolar e a junção cemento-esmalte. Os sítios profundos mostraram um significante aumento na densidade óssea na ROI I tendo p Abstract in english The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of nonsurgical periodontal treatment on alveolar bone density (ABD) and bone height (BH) using direct digital radiography. Nineteen patients (mean age: 36±7.3 years) with generalized chronic periodontitis were examined at baseline, 90 (90AT) and 180 [...] (180AT) days after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Radiographs were taken from two sites with specific characteristics: 39 sites with probing pocket depth (PPD)?3 mm and clinical attachment level (CAL)?1 mm (shallow sites); and 62 sites with PPD?5 mm and CAL?3 mm (deep sites). The ABD was assessed considering the bone regions of interest at the alveolar bone crest (ROI I) and at the medullar bone (ROI II). The BH was assessed considering the distance from the alveolar bone crest to the cementoenamel junction. Mann-Whitney test was used for the overall demographic data, Wilcoxon test was used to compare the baseline, 90AT and 180AT data as well as to compare the groups and subgroups within the same evaluation period. The significance level was set at 5%. The deep sites showed a significant increase of ABD in ROI I at 90AT (p

  10. A supra-cellular model for coupling of bone resorption to formation during remodeling : lessons from two bone resorption inhibitors affecting bone formation differently

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Rosgaard; Andersen, Thomas Levin

    2014-01-01

    The bone matrix is maintained functional through the combined action of bone resorbing osteoclasts and bone forming osteoblasts, in so-called bone remodeling units. The coupling of these two activities is critical for securing bone replenishment and involves osteogenic factors released by the osteoclasts. However, the osteoclasts are separated from the mature bone forming osteoblasts in time and space. Therefore the target cell of these osteoclastic factors has remained unknown. Recent explorations of the physical microenvironment of osteoclasts revealed a cell layer lining the bone marrow and forming a canopy over the whole remodeling surface, spanning from the osteoclasts to the bone forming osteoblasts. Several observations show that these canopy cells are a source of osteoblast progenitors, and we hypothesized therefore that they are the likely cells targeted by the osteogenic factors of the osteoclasts. Here we provide evidence supporting this hypothesis, by comparing the osteoclast-canopy interface in response to two types of bone resorption inhibitors in rabbit lumbar vertebrae. The bisphosphonate alendronate, an inhibitor leading to low bone formation levels, reduces the extent of canopy coverage above osteoclasts. This effect is in accordance with its toxic action on periosteoclastic cells. In contrast, odanacatib, an inhibitor preserving bone formation, increases the extent of the osteoclast-canopy interface. Interestingly, these distinct effects correlate with how fast bone formation follows resorption during these respective treatments. Furthermore, canopy cells exhibit uPARAP/Endo180, a receptor able to bind the collagen made available by osteoclasts, and reported to mediate osteoblast recruitment. Overall these observations support a mechanism where the recruitment of bone forming osteoblasts from the canopy is induced by osteoclastic factors, thereby favoring initiation of bone formation. They lead to a model where the osteoclast-canopy interface is the physical site where coupling of bone resorption to bone formation occurs.

  11. A supra-cellular model for coupling of bone resorption to formation during remodeling : Lessons from two bone resorption inhibitors affecting bone formation differently

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Pia Rosgaard; Andersen, Thomas Levin

    2014-01-01

    The bone matrix is maintained functional through the combined action of bone resorbing osteoclasts and bone forming osteoblasts, in so-called bone remodeling units. The coupling of these two activities is critical for securing bone replenishment and involves osteogenic factors released by the osteoclasts. However, the osteoclasts are separated from the mature bone forming osteoblasts in time and space. Therefore the target cell of these osteoclastic factors has remained unknown. Recent explorations of the physical microenvironment of osteoclasts revealed a cell layer lining the bone marrow and forming a canopy over the whole remodeling surface, spanning from the osteoclasts to the bone forming osteoblasts. Several observations show that these canopy cells are a source of osteoblast progenitors, and we hypothesized therefore that they are the likely cells targeted by the osteogenic factors of the osteoclasts. Here we provide evidence supporting this hypothesis, by comparing the osteoclast-canopy interface in response to two types of bone resorption inhibitors in rabbit lumbar vertebrae. The bisphosphonate alendronate, an inhibitor leading to low bone formation levels, reduces the extent of canopy coverage above osteoclasts. This effect is in accordance with its toxic action on periosteoclastic cells. In contrast, odanacatib, an inhibitor preserving bone formation, increases the extent of the osteoclast-canopy interface. Interestingly, these distinct effects correlate with how fast bone formation follows resorption during these respective treatments. Furthermore, canopy cells exhibit uPARAP/Endo180, a receptor able to bind the collagen made available by osteoclasts, and reported to mediate osteoblast recruitment. Overall these observations support a mechanism where the recruitment of bone forming osteoblasts from the canopy is induced by osteoclastic factors, thereby favoring initiation of bone formation. They lead to a model where the osteoclast-canopy interface is the physical site where coupling of bone resorption to bone formation occurs.

  12. Ridge And Valley Junctions Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    Magnier, Baptiste; Montesinos, Philippe; Diep, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we propose a new junctions ridges and valleys detection method in images based on the dif- ference of rotating Gaussian semi filters. The novelty of this approach resides in the mixing of ideas coming both from directional filters and DoG method. We obtain a new ridges/valleys junctions anisotropic DoG detector enabling very precise detection of ridge/valley junctions. Moreover, this detector performs correctly even if crest lines are highly bended or noised. This detector has b...

  13. Ocean Ridges and Oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langmuir, C. H.

    2014-12-01

    The history of oxygen and the fluxes and feedbacks that lead to its evolution through time remain poorly constrained. It is not clear whether oxygen has had discrete steady state levels at different times in Earth's history, or whether oxygen evolution is more progressive, with trigger points that lead to discrete changes in markers such as mass independent sulfur isotopes. Whatever this history may have been, ocean ridges play an important and poorly recognized part in the overall mass balance of oxidants and reductants that contribute to electron mass balance and the oxygen budget. One example is the current steady state O2 in the atmosphere. The carbon isotope data suggest that the fraction of carbon has increased in the Phanerozoic, and CO2 outgassing followed by organic matter burial should continually supply more O2 to the surface reservoirs. Why is O2 not then increasing? A traditional answer to this question would relate to variations in the fraction of burial of organic matter, but this fraction appears to have been relatively high throughout the Phanerozoic. Furthermore, subduction of carbon in the 1/5 organic/carbonate proportions would contribute further to an increasingly oxidized surface. What is needed is a flux of oxidized material out of the system. One solution would be a modern oxidized flux to the mantle. The current outgassing flux of CO2 is ~3.4*1012 moles per year. If 20% of that becomes stored organic carbon, that is a flux of .68*1012 moles per year of reduced carbon. The current flux of oxidized iron in subducting ocean crust is ~2*1012 moles per year of O2 equivalents, based on the Fe3+/Fe2+ ratios in old ocean crust compared to fresh basalts at the ridge axis. This flux more than accounts for the incremental oxidizing power produced by modern life. It also suggests a possible feedback through oxygenation of the ocean. A reduced deep ocean would inhibit oxidation of ocean crust, in which case there would be no subduction flux of oxidized material, and oxygen could rise. Once the ocean becomes fully oxidized, a substantial subduction flux operates as a negative feedback. Plate tectonic geochemical cycles may have played a very significant role in the oxygen balance in both the ancient and modern Earth.

  14. Growth of a tectonic ridge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleming, R.W.; Messerich, J.A. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Johnson, A.M. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

    1997-12-31

    The 28 June 1992 Landers, California, earthquake of M 7.6 created an impressive record of surface rupture and ground deformation. Fractures extend over a length of more than 80 km including zones of right-lateral shift, steps in the fault zones, fault intersections and vertical changes. Among the vertical changes was the growth of a tectonic ridge described here. In this paper the authors describe the Emerson fault zone and the Tortoise Hill ridge including the relations between the fault zone and the ridge. They present data on the horizontal deformation at several scales associated with activity within the ridge and belt of shear zones and show the differential vertical uplifts. And, they conclude with a discussion of potential models for the observed deformation.

  15. Structural processes at slow-spreading ridges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutter, J C; Karson, J A

    1992-07-31

    Slow-spreading (crustal rocks are common only along slow-spreading ridges. These contrasting features suggest that mechanical deformation is far more important in crustal formation at slow-spreading ridges than at fast-spreading ridges. New seismic images suggest that the nature and scale of segmentation of slow-spreading ridges is integral to the deformational process and not to magmatic processes that may control segmentation on fast-spreading ridges. PMID:17740729

  16. Morphological characteristics of frontal sinus and nasal bone focusing on bone resorption and apposition in hypophosphatemic rickets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    GjØrup, Hans; Kjaer, I

    2013-01-01

    To characterize the size and the morphology of the frontal sinus (i.e., structure evolved by bone resorption) and the nasal bone (i.e., structure evolved by bone formation) in adults with hypophosphatemic rickets (HR) compared with controls.

  17. A Comparison of pical Root Resorption in Incisors after Fixed Orthodontic Treatment with Standard Edgewise and Straight Wire (MBT) Method

    OpenAIRE

    Zahed Zahedani, Sm; Oshagh, M.; Momeni Danaei, Sh; Roeinpeikar, Smm

    2013-01-01

    Statement of Problem: One of the major outcomes of orthodontic treatment is the apical root resorption of teeth moved during the treatment. Identifying the possible risk factors, are necessary for every orthodontist.

  18. Investigation of microscopic bone resorption in cortical Bone Multicellular Units using a lattice-based computational model

    CERN Document Server

    Buenzli, P R; Pivonka, P; Smith, D W; Cummings, P T

    2011-01-01

    Bone resorption by osteoclasts is an essential phase in the bone remodelling cycle as it creates the physiological conditions for subsequent bone formation. While several properties of osteoclastic bone resorption in cortical Bone Multicellular Units (BMU) have been assessed experimentally, the precise spatio-temporal dynamics, movement pattern, apoptotic state (single nuclei vs. whole cell) of the osteoclasts remain to be eludicated. Furthermore, the individual effects that these behaviours confer on the shape and extent of the resorption cavity are unclear. In this paper, we develop a lattice-based computational model focused on bone resorption in cortical BMUs to address these questions. Our model takes into account the interaction of osteoclasts with the bone matrix, the interaction of osteoclasts with each other, the production of osteoclasts from the tip of a growing blood vessel, and the renewal of osteoclasts' nuclei by cell fusion. All these features are shown to strongly affect the geometrical prope...

  19. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a neotropical rain forest of a nutrient-rich soil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Luis, Martínez-Sánchez.

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available En las selvas tropicales con suelos fértiles se ha observado que la reabsorción de nutrientes de los arboles de las hojas seniles no siempre es baja. Esta falta de consistencia en el resultado es talvez debida en parte a la metodología de reabsorción de nutrientes utilizada. El objetivo de este estu [...] dio fue analizar la reabsorción final de N y P de arboles de la selva húmeda tropical en un suelo rico en nutrientes. La hipótesis planteada fue que en un suelo rico en nutrientes los arboles presentarían una baja reabsorción final de nutrientes. En 30 muestras del suelo superficial (10 cm) de tres sitios de la selva no perturbada, se analizó entre otras características físicas y químicas, la concentración de N total y P extraíble. A través de la concentración de N y P en hojas seniles, se determinó la reabsorción real de 11 especies dominantes de arboles de esta selva. El N se analizó por digestión microkjeldahl con ácido sulfúrico y destilación con ácido bórico, y el P se analizó por digestión con ácido nítrico y destilación con perclórico. El suelo fue rico en N total (0.50%, n = 30) y P extraíble (4.11 µg g-1, n = 30). Tal como se esperaba, los arboles mostraron una reabsorción incompleta para el N (1.13%, n = 11) y P (0.11%, n = 11). Abstract in english In tropical forests with nutrient-rich soil tree’s nutrient resorption from senesced leaves has not always been observed to be low. Perhaps this lack of consistence is partly owing to the nutrient resorption methods used. The aim of the study was to analyse N and P resorption proficiency from tropic [...] al rain forest trees in a nutrient-rich soil. It was hypothesised that trees would exhibit low nutrient resorption in a nutrient-rich soil. The soil concentrations of total N and extractable P, among other physical and chemical characteristics, were analysed in 30 samples in the soil surface (10 cm) of three undisturbed forest plots at ‘Estación de Biología Los Tuxtlas’ on the east coast of Mexico (18°34’ - 18°36’ N, 95°04’ - 95°09’ W). N and P resorption proficiency were determined from senescing leaves in 11 dominant tree species. Nitrogen was analysed by microkjeldahl digestion with sulphuric acid and distilled with boric acid, and phosphorus was analysed by digestion with nitric acid and perchloric acid. Soil was rich in total N (0.50%, n = 30) and extractable P (4.11 µg g-1, n = 30). As expected, trees showed incomplete N (1.13%, n = 11) and P (0.11%, n = 11) resorption. With a more accurate method of nutrient resorption assessment, it is possible to prove that a forest community with a nutrient-rich soil can have low levels of N and P resorption. Rev. Biol. Trop. 53(3-4): 353-359. Epub 2005 Oct 3.

  20. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a neotropical rain forest of a nutrient-rich soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Martínez-Sánchez

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available In tropical forests with nutrient-rich soil tree’s nutrient resorption from senesced leaves has not always been observed to be low. Perhaps this lack of consistence is partly owing to the nutrient resorption methods used. The aim of the study was to analyse N and P resorption proficiency from tropical rain forest trees in a nutrient-rich soil. It was hypothesised that trees would exhibit low nutrient resorption in a nutrient-rich soil. The soil concentrations of total N and extractable P, among other physical and chemical characteristics, were analysed in 30 samples in the soil surface (10 cm of three undisturbed forest plots at ‘Estación de Biología Los Tuxtlas’ on the east coast of Mexico (18°34’ - 18°36’ N, 95°04’ - 95°09’ W. N and P resorption proficiency were determined from senescing leaves in 11 dominant tree species. Nitrogen was analysed by microkjeldahl digestion with sulphuric acid and distilled with boric acid, and phosphorus was analysed by digestion with nitric acid and perchloric acid. Soil was rich in total N (0.50%, n = 30 and extractable P (4.11 µg g-1, n = 30. As expected, trees showed incomplete N (1.13%, n = 11 and P (0.11%, n = 11 resorption. With a more accurate method of nutrient resorption assessment, it is possible to prove that a forest community with a nutrient-rich soil can have low levels of N and P resorption. Rev. Biol. Trop. 53(3-4: 353-359. Epub 2005 Oct 3.En las selvas tropicales con suelos fértiles se ha observado que la reabsorción de nutrientes de los arboles de las hojas seniles no siempre es baja. Esta falta de consistencia en el resultado es talvez debida en parte a la metodología de reabsorción de nutrientes utilizada. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la reabsorción final de N y P de arboles de la selva húmeda tropical en un suelo rico en nutrientes. La hipótesis planteada fue que en un suelo rico en nutrientes los arboles presentarían una baja reabsorción final de nutrientes. En 30 muestras del suelo superficial (10 cm de tres sitios de la selva no perturbada, se analizó entre otras características físicas y químicas, la concentración de N total y P extraíble. A través de la concentración de N y P en hojas seniles, se determinó la reabsorción real de 11 especies dominantes de arboles de esta selva. El N se analizó por digestión microkjeldahl con ácido sulfúrico y destilación con ácido bórico, y el P se analizó por digestión con ácido nítrico y destilación con perclórico. El suelo fue rico en N total (0.50%, n = 30 y P extraíble (4.11 µg g-1, n = 30. Tal como se esperaba, los arboles mostraron una reabsorción incompleta para el N (1.13%, n = 11 y P (0.11%, n = 11.

  1. Management of recurrent fracture of central incisor with internal resorption using light transmitting (luminex post

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hariharan V

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The normal root canal anatomy may be altered in various pathological processes and making it very difficult and at times impossible to achieve ideal obturation by normal methods. Internal resorption is one among them. There are several treatment protocols advised for this pathological condition. A crown-root fracture is defined as a fracture involving enamel, dentin and cementum and accounts for 5% of all traumatic injuries to the permanent dentition. In anterior teeth, these fractures are usually caused by direct trauma and often complicated in fully erupted teeth. In cases where the fracture line extends down along the long axis of the root, extraction of the tooth is indicated. The purpose of this report is to present the use of light transmitting post system to reinforce the crown root fractured maxillary central incisor due to trauma and internal resorption.

  2. Etiology and prevention of external cervical root resorption associated to teeth bleaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Mendes da SILVA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Esthetic dentistry has been prioritizedand the desire for whiter teeth has been increasingly present in dental offices, since whiter teeth tend to indicate health, beauty, youth and a more attractive smile. Teeth bleaching is a conservative method widely used to restore the original color of darkened teeth. However, possible relations with the external cervical root resorption have concerned many researchers and clinicians. Literature review: There are many mechanisms that can activate the external cervical root resorption, such as: chemical and physical action of the bleaching materials used, morphology of the cementoenamel junction associated to the immune system, material concentration, traumas and bleaching technique used. Conclusion: Therefore, considering many factors that are still not conclusive, preventing deleterious effects on teeth and support structures, care must be taken when choosing bleaching agent and bleaching technique, as well as when selecting each case, beyond a proper restoration after teeth bleaching.

  3. Influencing of resorption and side-effects of salicylic acid by complexing with ?-cyclodextrin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After oral administration of 14C-labelled salicylic acid and its ?-cyclodextrin complex to rats, the radioactivity level of the blood reached its maximum during the first 2 h. The blood level obtained with the complex is somewhat but not significantly lower than with free acid. Since the resorption of cyclodextrin is a considerably slower process, it is very likely that the resorption of salicylic acid takes place in the form of free acid after dissociation of the complex. The urinary excretion cumulative curves showed that the free salicylic acid was completely excreted, while about 10% of the salicylic acid administered in the form of complex is lost. The cyclodextrin complex formation increased the pK values of all hydroxybenzoic acids. Direct observations revealed that complex formation decreased the stomach-irritating effect of salicylic acid. The ratio of radioactivity was nearly the same in the organs of animals treated by both free salicylic and cyclodextrin complex. (author)

  4. Endovascular Embolization of Varicoceles: Resorption of Tungsten Coils in the Spermatic Vein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To investigate whether resorption of tungsten coils occurs in patients with varicoceles treated by endovascular embolization of the spermatic vein.Methods: Patients who had previously had varicocele embolization were requested by letter to attend the radiology department. Blood levels of tungsten were compared with a group of controls. Fluoroscopic images of the coils were taken and compared with those obtained during the original procedures.Results: Nineteen patients attended, whose procedure had been done 19-57 months previously (mean 40 months). Blood levels of tungsten were raised in 18 patients compared with the controls. Radiographic evidence of loss of substance of the coils was seen in four patients.Conclusion: Tungsten coil resorption occurs in varicocele embolization. In view of the unknown long-term effects of raised blood tungsten levels and the availability of alternative embolization agents, we feel that it is unwise to persist in the use of tungsten coils in this application

  5. Study on bone resorption behavior of osteoclast under drug effect using 41Ca tracing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mechanisms governing calcium fluxes during bone remodeling processes in Osteoporosis (OP) patients are poorly known. Understanding the changes of Osteoclasts (OC) during this dynamic transition is important to prevent and cure OP. The exploration of long-lived 41Ca (T1/2 = 1.04 × 105 years) tracer combined with AMS measurements leads to the possibility of monitoring the bone resorption behavior of OC in OP patients. In this work, the behavior of OC with the administration of Strontium Ranelate (SR), a drug for OP, was studied by using 41Ca labeled hydroxyapatite (HAP) to simulate the bone. AMS on the HI-13 tandem accelerator at CIAE was used to determine trace amounts of 41Ca. The results show that the technique of 41Ca tracing with AMS can be used to quantitatively monitor the behavior of OC in bone resorption under the effects of drugs. Experimental details and preliminary results will be presented.

  6. Leukotriene B4 receptors on guinea pig alveolar eosinophils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maghni, K.; de Brum-Fernandes, A.J.; Foeldes-Filep, E.G.; Gaudry, M.; Borgeat, P.; Sirois, P. (Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine University of Sherbrooke, Quebec (Canada))

    1991-09-01

    The existence of receptors for LTB4 on highly purified guinea pig alveolar eosinophils was investigated. Massive infiltration of eosinophils in alveolar spaces was induced in guinea pigs by i.v. injections of Sephadex beads G50 (16 mg/kg). Alveolar eosinophils (50 {times} 10(6) cells) were purified to approximately 98% by Percoll continuous density gradient centrifugation. The binding studies indicated that alveolar eosinophils bind LTB4 in a saturable, reversible and specific manner. Scatchard analysis indicated the existence of high-affinity binding sites (Kd1 = 1.00 {plus minus} 0.22 nM; Bmax1 = 966 {plus minus} 266 sites/cell) and low-affinity binding sites (Kd2 = 62.5 {plus minus} 8.9 nM; Bmax2 = 5557 {plus minus} 757 sites/cell). The metabolism of LTB4 by alveolar eosinophils in binding conditions was assessed by RP-HPLC and no significant degradation of (3H)LTB4 was observed. LTB4 dose-dependently stimulated eosinophil migration in both chemokinesis and chemotaxis assays with an EC50 value of 1.30 {plus minus} 0.14 and 18.14 {plus minus} 1.57 nM, respectively. LTB4 caused a dose-dependent increase in the production of superoxide anion with an apparent EC50 value of 50 {times} 10(-9) M in the authors experimental conditions. LTB4 also induced a dose-dependent increase in the generation of TxA2 with an EC50 value of 46.2 {times} 10(-9) M. Taken together, their results demonstrated that guinea pig alveolar eosinophils express two classes of specific receptors for LTB4. The high-affinity binding sites seem associated to chemokinesis and chemotaxis whereas the low-affinity binding sites seem associated to superoxide anion production and generation of TxA2. The existence of LTB4 receptors in eosinophils could explain the presence of these cells in hypersensitivity reactions.

  7. Tibolone inhibits bone resorption without secondary positive effects on cartilage degradation

    OpenAIRE

    Byrjalsen I; Ma, Karsdal; Dj, Leeming; Christiansen C

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Osteoarthritis is associated with increased bone resorption and increased cartilage degradation in the subchondral bone and joint. The objective of the present study was to determine whether Tibolone, a synthetic steroid with estrogenic, androgenic, and progestogenic properties, would have similar dual actions on both bone and cartilage turnover, as reported previously with some SERMS and HRT. Methods This study was a secondary analysis of ninety-one healthy postmenopausal...

  8. Dynamics of fibrosis production and resorption in intestinal schistosomiasis of mice

    OpenAIRE

    Rosella de Oliveira Santos; Aryon A. Barbosa Júnior; Andrade, Zilton A.

    1992-01-01

    A histological, morphometric and immunocytochemical study of schistosomal periovular granulomas in the liver and intestines of mice revealed that intestinal granulomas are smaller and contain less collagen than those in the liver. After curative treatment intestinal granulomas undergo a relatively more rapid resorption, although the general pattern of collagen degradation apparently does not differ from that observed in the liver. Tendency to form scattered, usually isolated granulomas that a...

  9. MTA resorption and periradicular healing in an open-apex incisor: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Asgary, Saeed; Ehsani, Sara

    2011-01-01

    This case report describes the periradicular healing and resorption of an unintentional extrusion of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in an open-apex central incisor. A 22-year old female with a symptomatic open-apex right maxillary central incisor associated with a periradicular lesion was referred for evaluation and treatment. After chemomechanical debridement, the apical third of the root canal was filled with MTA to create an apical plug. Postoperative radiographs showed the extrusion of ...

  10. Apical root resorption caused by orthodontic forces: A brief review and a long-term observation

    OpenAIRE

    Topkara, Ahu; Karaman, Ali I.; Kau, Chung H.

    2012-01-01

    External apical root resorption (ARR) is a common iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. One of the aims of this article is to present a brief overview of the literature, including; diagnosis and etiology, with emphasis on orthodontic forces to facilitate an understand of the prevention or management of ARR in orthodontic patients. We also present a long-term follow-up observation of severe ARR, including the last obtained cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) records, to demonstrate...

  11. Extraoral Retrograde Root Canal Filling of an Orthodontic-induced External Root Resorption Using CEM Cement

    OpenAIRE

    Kheirieh, Sanam; Fazlyab, Mahta; Torabzadeh, Hassan; Eghbal, Mohamad Jafar

    2014-01-01

    Inflammatory external root resorption (IERR) after orthodontic treatments is an unusual complication. This case report describes a non-vital maxillary premolar with symptomatic extensive IERR (with a crown/root ratio of 1:1) after receiving orthodontic treatment. The first appointment included drainage, chemo-mechanical preparation of the canal and intra-canal medication with calcium hydroxide (CH) along with prescription of analgesic/antibiotic. The subsequent one-week follow-up revealed the...

  12. Role of mineral trioxide aggregate in management of external root resorption

    OpenAIRE

    Ashwini, Ts; Hosmani, Namrata; Patil, Chetan R.; Yalgi, Viraj S.

    2013-01-01

    External root resorption (ERR) is a lytic process occurring in the cementum or cementum and dentin of the roots of teeth. Here we report a case of inflammatory ERR in a mandibular right molar in a 22-year-old male patient with history of incomplete root canal treatment with the same. Considering the biological properties of mineral trioxide aggregate cement, especially its alkalinity and sustained calcium hydroxide release, this material was used for the treatment of ERR, followed by permanen...

  13. Effect of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite Socket Preservation on Orthodontically Induced Inflammatory Root Resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massoud Seifi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR is considered to be an important sequel associated with orthodontic tooth movement (OTM. OTM after Socket preservation enhances the periodontal condition before orthodontic space closure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the histologic effects of NanoBone®, a new highly nonsintered porous nano-crystalline hydroxyapatite bone on root resorption following OTM. Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted on four male dogs. In each dog, four defects were created at the mesial aspects of the maxillary and mandibular first premolars. The defects were filled with NanoBone®. We used the NiTi closed coil for mesial movement of the first premolar tooth. When the experimental teeth moved approximately halfway into the defects, after two months, the animals were sacrificed and we harvested the area of interest. The first premolar root and adjacent tissues were histologically evaluated. The three-way ANOVA statistical test was used for comparison. Results: The mean root resorption in the synthetic bone substitute group was 22.87 ± 11.25×10-4 mm2 in the maxilla and 21.41 ± 11.25×10-4 mm2 in the mandible. Statistically, there was no significant difference compared to the control group (p>0.05. Conclusion: The use of a substitution graft in the nano particle has some positive effects in accessing healthy periodontal tissue following orthodontic procedures without significant influence on root resorption (RR. Histological evaluation in the present study showed osteoblastic activity and remodeling environment of nanoparticles in NanoBone®.

  14. Management of recurrent fracture of central incisor with internal resorption using light transmitting (luminex) post

    OpenAIRE

    Hariharan V; Nandlal B; Srilatha K

    2010-01-01

    The normal root canal anatomy may be altered in various pathological processes and making it very difficult and at times impossible to achieve ideal obturation by normal methods. Internal resorption is one among them. There are several treatment protocols advised for this pathological condition. A crown-root fracture is defined as a fracture involving enamel, dentin and cementum and accounts for 5% of all traumatic injuries to the permanent dentition. In anterior teeth, these fractures...

  15. Aggressive adenomatoid odontogenic tumor of mandible showing root resorption: A histological case report

    OpenAIRE

    Saluja, Ramandeep; Kaur, Gurkiran; Singh, Preetinder

    2013-01-01

    Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) is a benign odontogenic tumor with slow but progressive growth. The three variants: Follicular, extra follicular (both central type), and peripheral present with identical histologic findings. This case report describes a patient with a large AOT in the mandible of the extra follicular type which is the less common of the two central types. It also strikes as an unusual case as it shows significant root resorption of the involved displaced teeth which is no...

  16. Nonsurgical Management of an Extensive Perforative Internal Root Resorption with Calcium-Enriched Mixture Cement

    OpenAIRE

    Esnaashari, Ehsan; Pezeshkfar, Arezou; Fazlyab, Mahta

    2014-01-01

    Internal inflammatory root resorption (IIRR) is a rare condition of the root canal and if it is left untreated it may lead to destruction of the surrounding dental hard tissues. Odontoclasts are responsible for this situation which can potentially perforate the root. Many initiating factors have been mentioned for IIRR, almost all causing chronic inflammation in the vital pulp. IIRR is usually symptom free, but in cases of root perforation, a sinus tract usually forms. The prognosis of treatm...

  17. Foliar Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) Dynamics, and Foliar Resorption of Corylus avellana var. avellana

    OpenAIRE

    Tugba Bayrak Ozbucak; Hamdi Guray KUTBAY; Sevda Yalcin; Dudu Kilic

    2011-01-01

    Corylus avellana var. avellana (Corylaceae) has a widespread distribution in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey and is very valuable in the food industry and plays an important role in the economy of the Black Sea Region of Turkey. In this study, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) concentrations along a topographical gradient (from sea level to 550 m) and through the growing season (from April to October) were investigated. In addition to this, foliar resorption was also studied as resorptio...

  18. Estrogen directly attenuates human osteoclastogenesis, but has no effect on resorption by mature osteoclasts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SØrensen, M G; Henriksen, K

    2006-01-01

    Estrogen deficiency arising with the menopause promotes marked acceleration of bone resorption, which can be restored by hormone replacement therapy. The inhibitory effects of estrogen seem to involve indirect cytokine- mediated effects via supporting bone marrow cells, but direct estrogen-receptor mediated effects on the bone-resorbing osteoclasts have also been proposed. Little information is available on whether estrogens modulate human osteoclastogenesis or merely inhibit the functional activity of osteoclasts. To clarify whether estrogens directly modulate osteoclastic activities human CD14+ monocytes were cultured in the presence of M-CSF and RANKL to induce osteoclast differentiation. Addition of 0.1-10 nM 17beta-estradiol to differentiating osteoclasts resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRACP) activity reaching 60% at 0.1 nM. In addition, 17beta-estradiol inhibited bone resorption, as measured by the release of the C-terminal crosslinked telopeptide (CTX), by 60% at 0.1 nM, but had no effect on the overall cell viability. In contrast to the results obtained with differentiating osteoclasts, addition of 17beta-estradiol (0.001-10 nM) to mature osteoclasts did not affect bone resorption or TRACP activity. We investigated expression of the estrogen receptors, using immunocytochemistry and Western blotting. We found that ER-alpha is expressed in osteoclast precursors, whereas ER- beta is expressed at all stages, indicating that the inhibitory effect of estrogen on osteoclastogenesis is mediated by ER-alpha for the major part. In conclusion, these results suggest that the in vivo effects of estrogen are mediated by reduction of osteoclastogenesis rather than direct inhibition of the resorptive activity of mature osteoclasts.

  19. Local Mechanical Stimuli Regulate Bone Formation and Resorption in Mice at the Tissue Level

    OpenAIRE

    Schulte, Friederike A.; Ruffoni, Davide; Lambers, Floor M.; Christen, David; Webster, Duncan J.; Kuhn, Gisela; Mu?ller, Ralph

    2013-01-01

    Bone is able to react to changing mechanical demands by adapting its internal microstructure through bone forming and resorbing cells. This process is called bone modeling and remodeling. It is evident that changes in mechanical demands at the organ level must be interpreted at the tissue level where bone (re)modeling takes place. Although assumed for a long time, the relationship between the locations of bone formation and resorption and the local mechanical environment is still under debate...

  20. THE BENEFIT OF SOY BEAN- CHOCOLATE BEVERAGE ON BONE RESORPTION IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH OSTEOPOROSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Ainun Rani, Nur; Astuti, Nurpudji; Rasyid, Haerani; Bahar, Burhanuddin

    2011-01-01

    THE BENEFIT OF SOY BEAN- CHOCOLATE BEVERAGE ON BONE RESORPTION IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH OSTEOPOROSIS Nur Ainun Rani1, Nurpudji A. Taslim,1,2 Haerani Rasyid1,2, Burhanuddin Bahar3 Department of Clinical Nutrition Faculty of Medicine 1, Department of Nutrition2 Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Public Health3, Hasanuddin University, Makassar ABSTRACT Background Soybeans and chocolate contain isoflavones, which is the active substance which is recommended as an hormone replacem...

  1. Gallium a unique anti-resorptive agent in bone: Preclinical studies on its mechanisms of action

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The discovery of gallium as a new and unique agent for the treatment of metabolic bone disorders was in part fortuitous. Gallium is an exciting new therapeutic agent for the treatment of pathologic states characterized by accelerated bone resorption. Compared to other therapeutic metal compounds containing platinum or germanium, gallium affects its antiresorptive action without any evidence of a cytotoxic effect on bone cells. Gallium is unique amongst all therapeutically available antiresorptive agents in that it favors bone formation. 18 refs., 1 fig

  2. Relationship between renal stone formation, mitral annular calcification and bone resorption markers

    OpenAIRE

    Celik Ahmet; Davutoglu Vedat; Sarica Kemal; Erturhan Sakip; Ozer Orhan; Sari Ibrahim; Yilmaz Mustafa; Baltaci Yasemin; Akcay Murat; Al Behcet; Yuce Murat; Yilmaz Necat

    2010-01-01

    Background and Objectives : Mitral annular calcification (MAC) is associated with osteoporosis and there is evidence of reduced bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with renal stone formation (RSF). Therefore, we designed this study to test if RSF was associated with MAC and if this association could be linked to bone resorption. Methods : Fifty-nine patients (mean age, 41.5 years) with RSF and 40 healthy subjects (mean age, 44.2 years) underwent screening for MAC and BMD, and measuuremen...

  3. Nitrogen Resorption and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Cacao Agroforestry Systems Managed Differently in Central Sulawesi

    OpenAIRE

    TRIADIATI; SOEKISMAN TJITROSEMITO; EDI GUHARDJA; SUDARSONO; IBNUL QAYIM; CHRISTOPH LEUSCHNER

    2007-01-01

    Cacao agroforestry is a traditional form of agriculture practiced by the people of Central Sulawesi. These agroforestry systems vary from a simple system following selective cutting of forest trees, to a more sophisticated planting design. The cacao was planted under remaining forest covers (CF1), under planted trees (CF2), and between shade trees Gliricidia sepium (CP). The objectives of this study were to quantify nitrogen use efficiency (N NUE) and nitrogen resorption in cacao agroforestry...

  4. Diagnosis of invasive cervical resorption by using cone beam computed tomography: report of two cases

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karla de Faria, Vasconcelos; Yuri, Nejaim; Francisco, Haiter Neto; Frab Norberto, Bóscolo.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A interpretação radiográfica é essencial para o diagnóstico da reabsorção cervical invasiva (RCI) e a dificuldade em distingui-la da reabsorção radicular interna tem sido destacada na literatura. Este trabalho relata o uso da tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) no diagnóstico da RCI. O [...] s casos descrevem como a TCFC pode ser utilizada no diagnóstico diferencial e relatam também como esta tecnologia pode providenciar relevantes informações sobre a localização e natureza das reabsorções radiculares, limitadas pelas radiografias convencionais. Como resultado, o tratamento do canal radicular não foi inicialmente considerado. Os pacientes serão acompanhados e após curto período de tempo novos exames tomográficos serão realizados no intuito de detectar pequenas alterações. Observa-se que ambos os casos beneficiaram-se com o uso da TCFC no diagnóstico de RCI, pois esta modalidade de imagem determinou a real extensão da reabsorção e possíveis pontos de comunicação com o espaço periodontal. Abstract in english A radiographic interpretation is essential to the diagnosis of invasive cervical resorption (ICR) and the difficulty in distinguishing this lesion from internal root resorption has been highlighted in the literature. This paper reports the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the diagnosis [...] of ICR. The cases reports describe how CBCT can be used to make a differential diagnosis and also show that the use of this technology can provide relevant information on the location and nature of root resorption, which conventional radiographs cannot. As a result, the root canal treatment was not initially considered. The patients will be monitored and will undergo a scan after a short period of time to detect any small changes. It was observed that both cases benefited from CBCT in the diagnosis of ICR, because this imaging modality determined the real extent of resorption and possible points of communication with the periodontal space.

  5. Effects of surface microtopography on the assembly of the osteoclast resorption apparatus

    OpenAIRE

    Geblinger, Dafna; Zink, Christian; Spencer, Nicholas D.; Addadi, Lia; Geiger, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    Bone degradation by osteoclasts depends on the formation of a sealing zone, composed of an interlinked network of podosomes, which delimits the degradation lacuna into which osteoclasts secrete acid and proteolytic enzymes. For resorption to occur, the sealing zone must be coherent and stable for extended periods of time. Using titanium roughness gradients ranging from 1 to 4.5 µm Ra as substrates for osteoclast adhesion, we show that microtopographic obstacles of a length scale well beyond t...

  6. Expression of the proteinase specialized in bone resorption, cathepsin K, in granulomatous inflammation.

    OpenAIRE

    Di?az, A.; Willis, A. C.; Sim, R. B.

    2000-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The cysteine proteinase cathepsin K has aroused intense interest as the main effector in the digestion of extracellular matrix during bone resorption by osteoclasts. The enzyme is not a housekeeping lysosomal hydrolase, but is instead expressed with striking specificity in osteoclasts. In this work, we present evidence for the association of cathepsin K with the granulomatous reaction. Granulomas are inflammatory tissue reactions against persistent pathogens or foreign bodies. We ...

  7. Root resorption after leveling with super-elastic and conventional steel arch wires:a prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Alzahawi, Kawa; Færøvig, Espen; Brudvik, Pongsri; Bøe, Olav Egil; Mavragani, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Background: The aim of this prospective study was to compare root resorption after the leveling phase of treatment, performed by either super-elastic or conventional multi-stranded stainless steel arch wires.

    Methods: From a total of 156 future orthodontic patients in a private clinic, 82 were included in the study after excluding those who earlier had orthodontic or endodontic treatment or signs of resorption. Patients were equally arbitrary allocated into two groups, whe...

  8. Oxidative Stress, Cell Death, and Other Damage to Alveolar Epithelial Cells Induced by Cigarette Smoke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagai A

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor in the development of various lung diseases, including pulmonary emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, and lung cancer. The mechanisms of these diseases include alterations in alveolar epithelial cells, which are essential in the maintenance of normal alveolar architecture and function. Following cigarette smoking, alterations in alveolar epithelial cells induce an increase in epithelial permeability, a decrease in surfactant production, the inappropriate production of inflammatory cytokines and growth factors, and an increased risk of lung cancer. However, the most deleterious effect of cigarette smoke on alveolar epithelial cells is cell death, i.e., either apoptosis or necrosis depending on the magnitude of cigarette smoke exposure. Cell death induced by cigarette smoke exposure can largely be accounted for by an enhancement in oxidative stress. In fact, cigarette smoke contains and generates many reactive oxygen species that damage alveolar epithelial cells. Whether apoptosis and/or necrosis in alveolar epithelial cells is enhanced in healthy cigarette smokers is presently unclear. However, recent evidence indicates that the apoptosis of alveolar epithelial cells and alveolar endothelial cells is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema, an important cigarette smoke-induced lung disease characterized by the loss of alveolar structures. This review will discuss oxidative stress, cell death, and other damage to alveolar epithelial cells induced by cigarette smoke.

  9. How to measure alterations in alveolar barrier function as a marker of lung injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrero, Raquel; Matute-Bello, Gustavo

    2015-01-01

    The alveolar capillary membrane maintains the proper water and solute content of the epithelial lining fluid at the alveolar air-liquid interface, which is critical for adequate gas exchange in the lung. This is possible due to the alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) capacity of this membrane that assists in the removal of salt and water from the alveolar air spaces. The alveolar capillary membrane also provides a barrier that restricts the passage of proteins and water from the interstitial and vascular compartments into the alveolar air spaces. This restricted passage is due to the presence of tight junctions between adjacent alveolar epithelial cells. Severe injury to the alveolar epithelial/endothelial membrane results in increased protein permeability and impairment of AFC, which leads to the formation of protein-rich edema with the consequent deterioration of gas exchange. Many animal models of lung injury, focused on damage of the alveolar-capillary membrane, assess the AFC capacity and the barrier function. We describe a simple method to assess the AFC rate in normal and pathological conditions in mice. We also describe two complementary methods to assess the alveolar-capillary barrier function, which require measuring the concentration of endogenous plasma proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and detection of tight-junction proteins in lung tissue by immunofluorescence. © 2015 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:25645245

  10. Normal Tempo of Bone Formation in Turner Syndrome despite Signs of Accelerated Bone Resorption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cleemann, Line; Holm, Kirsten

    2011-01-01

    Aims: To evaluate area bone mineral density (aBMD) and volumetric BMD (vBMD) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and relations to bone markers and hormones in adolescent women with Turner syndrome (TS). Methods: Cross-sectional study in TS patients (n = 37, 16.7 ± 3.4 years) and control group (n = 49), assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, bone markers and hormones. TS patients were divided into a young group receiving ('ongoing') GH (n = 15) and an older group previously receiving ('previous') GH (n = 22). Results: vBMD(spine) was similar in 'ongoing GH' TS, but higher in 'previous GH' TS, compared to controls. vBMD(hip) was lower in 'ongoing GH' TS, but similar in 'previous GH'. z scores for aBMD were uniformly reduced in 'ongoing TS', but near-normalized in 'previous GH' TS. Bone formation and resorption markers were increased in 'ongoing GH' TS, while 'previous GH' TS had elevated bone resorption markers. Conclusion: BMD increased in parallel with age in TS patients receiving optimal estradiol replacement therapy and GH according to consensus guidelines, and in controls. Young TS undergoing pubertal induction and still receiving GH have lower z score BMD than older TS patients receiving hormonal replacement therapy, where a near-normalization of BMD was achieved. TS patients previously receiving GH showed signs of increased bone resorption.

  11. Tibolone inhibits bone resorption without secondary positive effects on cartilage degradation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byrjalsen I

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Osteoarthritis is associated with increased bone resorption and increased cartilage degradation in the subchondral bone and joint. The objective of the present study was to determine whether Tibolone, a synthetic steroid with estrogenic, androgenic, and progestogenic properties, would have similar dual actions on both bone and cartilage turnover, as reported previously with some SERMS and HRT. Methods This study was a secondary analysis of ninety-one healthy postmenopausal women aged 52–75 yrs entered a 2-yr double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of treatment with either 1.25 mg/day (n = 36, or 2.5 mg/day Tibolone (n = 35, or placebo (n = 20, (J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Jul;81(7:2419–22 Second void morning urine samples were collected at baseline, and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Urine CrossLaps® ELISA (CTX-I and Urine CartiLaps® ELISA (CTX-II was investigated as markers of bone resorption and cartilage degradation, respectively. Results Tibolone significantly (P Conclusion These data suggest uncoupling of the bone and cartilage effects of the synthetic steroid, Tibolone. Bone resorption was significantly decreased, whereas cartilage degradation was unchanged. These effects are in contrast to those observed some SERMs with effects on both bone and cartilage degradation. These effects may in part be described by the complicated pharmacology of Tibolone on testosterone, estrogen and progesterone receptors.

  12. Nectar resorption in flowers of Sinapis alba L., Brassicaceae and Platanthera chlorantha Custer (Rchb.), Orchidaceae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In the flowers of Sinapis alba nectar is secreted by two pairs of nectaries and accumulated as drops between filaments and in the cavity of sepals whereas in Platanthera chlorantha nectar is produced and accumulated within a spur. Previous studies of these species revealed that after a period of secretion and cessation, rapid nectar resorption occurs. The aim of this study was the observation of nectar resorption by the nectaries using radiolabelled sucrose. During the peak of secretion the nectar accumulated in unpollinated flowers was replaced with the same volume of labelled sucrose and after 12-48 hrs of incubation, at the resorption phase, parts of S. alba flowers with nectaries as well as fragments of P. chlorantha spur were sampled and fixed for microautoradiographic studies. In S. alba the presence of [14C(U)] sucrose was detected at the base of nectaries, in phloem elements of main vascular strands supplying glands, whereas both epidermis and nectary parenchyma showed no traces of radiolabelled sugars. In P. chlorantha the presence of labelled sucrose was stated mainly in the walls of nectary cells, which indicate an apoplastic route of reabsorbed nectar. (author)

  13. The estimation of the resorption of radionuclides from the gastro-intestinal tract into blood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taking a look at the international literature, resorption rates for the transfer of the following radionuclides from stomach-intestinal tract into the blood have been determined: Cerium, cobalt (also as vitamin B 12), plutonium, ruthenium, strontium and zinc. It was found that the resorption rates determined in experiments and measurements, partly varies by several orders of dimension and are dependent on numerous parameters. A comparison of the measured resorption rates for the single radionuclides with the values based on the recommendations of the radiation protection commission showed that the values used by the radiation protection commission are in many cases too low, partly by several orders of dimension. One may thus conclude that the dose factors given in the fundamental calculation of the radiation protection commission do no longer correspond with the international state of science. In interest of an exact estimation of the radiation burden caused by the nuclear power plant Biblis, we therefore recommend to recheck the further parameters relevant for dose factors and a new calculation of the dose factors within the framework of the model study radioecology Biblis. (orig./MG)

  14. Experimental studies on the resorption and translocation of 14C-aldimorph in selected plant species

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental studies were performed with 14C-labelled 4-n-dodecyl-trans-2,6-dimethyl morpholine and both isolated plant segments and intact seedlings of Hordeum distichon L. and Sinapis alba L. to elucidate resorption and transportation of the fungicidal substance aldimorph. The compound is quickly resorbed by isolated roots and leaves during the initial phase, and accumulated in plant tissue. In the steady state of influx/efflux equilibrium, the root concentration factor amounts to 10 with barley roots and the tissue concentration factor is 3 with mustard cotyledons. The relationship between the resorption of active substance and the concentration of ambient solution was found to be linear, thus corroborating a postulated resorption by diffusion. The morpholine derivative also penetrates into the leaf tissue of intact barley seedlings within few hours and at rather high rates. Nevertheless, according to translocation studies aldimorph has to be considered only moderately mobile. However, metabolites originated in the plant, especially during longer trial periods, show markedly improved translocation properties compared with the mother compound. (author)

  15. Dioscin inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption though down-regulating the Akt signaling cascades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qu, Xinhua; Zhai, Zanjing; Liu, Xuqiang; Li, Haowei [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Ouyang, Zhengxiao [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Department of Orthopaedics, Hunan Provincial Tumor Hospital and Tumor Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha (China); Wu, Chuanlong [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Liu, Guangwang [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Central Hospital of Xuzhou, Affiliated Hospital of Medical Collage of Southeast University, Xuzhou (China); Fan, Qiming; Tang, Tingting [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Qin, An, E-mail: dr.qinan@gmail.com [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China); Dai, Kerong, E-mail: krdai@163.com [Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Department of Orthopaedics, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai (China)

    2014-01-10

    Highlights: •A natural-derived compound, dioscin, suppresses osteoclast formation and bone resorption. •Dioscin inhibits osteolytic bone loss in vivo. •Dioscin impairs the Akt signaling cascades pathways during osteoclastogenesis. •Dioscin have therapeutic value in treating osteoclast-related diseases. -- Abstract: Bone resorption is the unique function of osteoclasts (OCs) and is critical for both bone homeostasis and pathologic bone diseases including osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and tumor bone metastasis. Thus, searching for natural compounds that may suppress osteoclast formation and/or function is promising for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases. In this study, we for the first time demonstrated that dioscin suppressed RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. The suppressive effect of dioscin is supported by the reduced expression of osteoclast-specific markers. Further molecular analysis revealed that dioscin abrogated AKT phosphorylation, which subsequently impaired RANKL-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-?B) signaling pathway and inhibited NFATc1 transcriptional activity. Moreover, in vivo studies further verified the bone protection activity of dioscin in osteolytic animal model. Together our data demonstrate that dioscin suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and function through Akt signaling cascades. Therefore, dioscin is a potential natural agent for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases.

  16. Understanding coupling between bone resorption and formation : are reversal cells the missing link?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Thomas L; Abdelgawad, Mohamed E

    2013-01-01

    Bone remodeling requires bone resorption by osteoclasts, bone formation by osteoblasts, and a poorly investigated reversal phase coupling resorption to formation. Likely players of the reversal phase are the cells recruited into the lacunae vacated by the osteoclasts and presumably preparing these lacunae for bone formation. These cells, called herein reversal cells, cover >80% of the eroded surfaces, but their nature is not identified, and it is not known whether malfunction of these cells may contribute to bone loss in diseases such as postmenopausal osteoporosis. Herein, we combined histomorphometry and IHC on human iliac biopsy specimens, and showed that reversal cells are immunoreactive for factors typically expressed by osteoblasts, but not for monocytic markers. Furthermore, a subpopulation of reversal cells showed several distinctive characteristics suggestive of an arrested physiological status. Their prevalence correlated with decreased trabecular bone volume and osteoid and osteoblast surfaces in postmenopausal osteoporosis. They were, however, virtually absent in primary hyperparathyroidism, in which the transition between bone resorption and formation occurs optimally. Collectively, our observations suggest that arrested reversal cells reflect aborted remodeling cycles that did not progress to the bone formation step. We, therefore, propose that bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis does not only result from a failure of the bone formation step, as commonly believed, but also from a failure at the reversal step.

  17. Foliar Nitrogen (N, Phosphorus (P Dynamics, and Foliar Resorption of Corylus avellana var. avellana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tugba Bayrak Ozbucak

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Corylus avellana var. avellana (Corylaceae has a widespread distribution in the Central Black Sea Region of Turkey and is very valuable in the food industry and plays an important role in the economy of the Black Sea Region of Turkey. In this study, nitrogen (N and phosphorus (P concentrations along a topographical gradient (from sea level to 550 m and through the growing season (from April to October were investigated. In addition to this, foliar resorption was also studied as resorption efficiency (RE and resorption proficiency (RP which is defined as the proportion of nutrients withdrawn from leaves and the N and P concentrations in senesced leaves, respectively. Statistically significant differences were not found with respect to leaf N concentration and SLA during the growing season although leaf P concentration, leaf N/P ratio and SLA were significantly changed during the growing season. Except for NRE, PRE, ARP, and PRP all of the leaf traits were significantly changed along the topographic gradient. The N/P ratio which is an indicator of N- and P- limitation decreased during the growing season and along the topographic gradient. The N and P concentrations in the senescent leaves of C. avellana was below 50 ?g cm-2 and 3 ?g cm-2, respectively along the topographic gradient and this species is N and P-proficient according to the threshold values. Soil properties along the topographic gradient also changed.

  18. Dioscin inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption though down-regulating the Akt signaling cascades

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •A natural-derived compound, dioscin, suppresses osteoclast formation and bone resorption. •Dioscin inhibits osteolytic bone loss in vivo. •Dioscin impairs the Akt signaling cascades pathways during osteoclastogenesis. •Dioscin have therapeutic value in treating osteoclast-related diseases. -- Abstract: Bone resorption is the unique function of osteoclasts (OCs) and is critical for both bone homeostasis and pathologic bone diseases including osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis and tumor bone metastasis. Thus, searching for natural compounds that may suppress osteoclast formation and/or function is promising for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases. In this study, we for the first time demonstrated that dioscin suppressed RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. The suppressive effect of dioscin is supported by the reduced expression of osteoclast-specific markers. Further molecular analysis revealed that dioscin abrogated AKT phosphorylation, which subsequently impaired RANKL-induced nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-?B) signaling pathway and inhibited NFATc1 transcriptional activity. Moreover, in vivo studies further verified the bone protection activity of dioscin in osteolytic animal model. Together our data demonstrate that dioscin suppressed RANKL-induced osteoclast formation and function through Akt signaling cascades. Therefore, dioscin is a potential natural agent for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases

  19. Resorption of apatite-wollastonite containing glass-ceramic and beta-tricalcium phosphate in vivo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teramoto,Hidefumi

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Apatite-wollastonite containing glass ceramic is considered to be difficult to resorb, but we experienced the disappearance of the porous type of Apatite-wollastonite glass ceramic particles . In this study, the resorption of porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic implanted in the femurs of rabbits was investigated, and the process was compared with beta-tricalcium phosphate, a resorbable ceramics. Porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic (70, 80, and 90% porosity and beta-tricalcium phosphate (75% porosity were implanted in the femurs of Japanese white rabbits. Samples were harvested and examined 0, 4, 8, 12, 24 and 36 weeks after implantation. Quantitative analysis of the radiographic and histologic findings was performed with NIH Image software. Radiographic examination demonstrated that the radiopacity and size of the porous apatite-wollastonite glassceramic cylinders decreased gradually after implantation. Histologic examination revealed that the surface area of the apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic cylinders decreased continuously, and approached 20% of the original area 36 weeks after implantation. However, the resorption rate of porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic was slower than that of beta-tricalcium phosphate. Toluidine blue staining showed abundant new bone formation on the surface of the apatite-wollastonite glassceramic matrix. Considering its mechanical strength, gradual resorption characteristics, and good osteochonductive activity, porous apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic appears to be a suitable artificial bone substitutes.

  20. Root surface resorption, repair, and periodontal attachment following rapid maxillary expansion in man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langford, S R; Sims, M R

    1982-02-01

    This study was designed to investigate human repair and reattachment of principal periodontal fibers in areas of resorption on anchor premolar root surfaces following rapid maxillary expansion. Maxillary first premolar teeth were obtained from patients requiring rapid maxillary expansion. Extraction of the teeth was scheduled after periods of retention varying between 14 and 53 weeks. The roots of the teeth were examined via light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Extensive root resorption characterized the buccal surfaces of anchor premolars. Repair of the resorptive defects was found to occur exclusively with cellular cementum. Anchor teeth retained for longer periods, up to the maximum of 53 weeks of retention in this study, generally demonstrated more advanced repair. Topographically, Sharpey fiber holes indicative of principal periodontal fiber insertion were found in repair cementum. However, these depressions were neither numerous nor consistent in their presence and location. In human teeth, periodontal attachment to resorbed and repairing surfaces was shown to be present. SEM studies of histologic sections revealed that periodontal fibers and fiber bundles inserted directly into the repair cellular cementum matrix, irrespective of the site of the lesion on the root. PMID:6758592

  1. Chloride transport-driven alveolar fluid secretion is a major contributor to cardiogenic lung edema.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solymosi, Esther A; Kaestle-Gembardt, Stefanie M; Vadász, István; Wang, Liming; Neye, Nils; Chupin, Cécile Julie Adrienne; Rozowsky, Simon; Ruehl, Ramona; Tabuchi, Arata; Schulz, Holger; Kapus, Andras; Morty, Rory E; Kuebler, Wolfgang M

    2013-06-18

    Alveolar fluid clearance driven by active epithelial Na(+) and secondary Cl(-) absorption counteracts edema formation in the intact lung. Recently, we showed that impairment of alveolar fluid clearance because of inhibition of epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaCs) promotes cardiogenic lung edema. Concomitantly, we observed a reversal of alveolar fluid clearance, suggesting that reversed transepithelial ion transport may promote lung edema by driving active alveolar fluid secretion. We, therefore, hypothesized that alveolar ion and fluid secretion may constitute a pathomechanism in lung edema and aimed to identify underlying molecular pathways. In isolated perfused lungs, alveolar fluid clearance and secretion were determined by a double-indicator dilution technique. Transepithelial Cl(-) secretion and alveolar Cl(-) influx were quantified by radionuclide tracing and alveolar Cl(-) imaging, respectively. Elevated hydrostatic pressure induced ouabain-sensitive alveolar fluid secretion that coincided with transepithelial Cl(-) secretion and alveolar Cl(-) influx. Inhibition of either cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) or Na(+)-K(+)-Cl(-) cotransporters (NKCC) blocked alveolar fluid secretion, and lungs of CFTR(-/-) mice were protected from hydrostatic edema. Inhibition of ENaC by amiloride reproduced alveolar fluid and Cl(-) secretion that were again CFTR-, NKCC-, and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase-dependent. Our findings show a reversal of transepithelial Cl(-) and fluid flux from absorptive to secretory mode at hydrostatic stress. Alveolar Cl(-) and fluid secretion are triggered by ENaC inhibition and mediated by NKCC and CFTR. Our results characterize an innovative mechanism of cardiogenic edema formation and identify NKCC1 as a unique therapeutic target in cardiogenic lung edema. PMID:23645634

  2. Screening of protein kinase inhibitors identifies PKC inhibitors as inhibitors of osteoclastic acid secretion and bone resorption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boutin Jean A

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bone resorption is initiated by osteoclastic acidification of the resorption lacunae. This process is mediated by secretion of protons through the V-ATPase and chloride through the chloride antiporter ClC-7. To shed light on the intracellular signalling controlling extracellular acidification, we screened a protein kinase inhibitor library in human osteoclasts. Methods Human osteoclasts were generated from CD14+ monocytes. The effect of different kinase inhibitors on lysosomal acidification in human osteoclasts was investigated using acridine orange for different incubation times (45 minutes, 4 and 24 hours. The inhibitors were tested in an acid influx assay using microsomes isolated from human osteoclasts. Bone resorption by human osteoclasts on bone slices was measured by calcium release. Cell viability was measured using AlamarBlue. Results Of the 51 compounds investigated only few inhibitors were positive in both acidification and resorption assays. Rottlerin, GF109203X, Hypericin and Ro31-8220 inhibited acid influx in microsomes and bone resorption, while Sphingosine and Palmitoyl-DL-carnitine-Cl showed low levels of inhibition. Rottlerin inhibited lysosomal acidification in human osteoclasts potently. Conclusions In conclusion, a group of inhibitors all indicated to inhibit PKC reduced acidification in human osteoclasts, and thereby bone resorption, indicating that acid secretion by osteoclasts may be specifically regulated by PKC in osteoclasts.

  3. Modified edentulous ridge expansion technique and immediate implant placement: a 3-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santagata, Mario; Guariniello, Luigi; Tartaro, Gianpaolo

    2015-04-01

    Restoration of the edentulous alveolar ridge with implants often requires the ridge width to be augmented to allow its placement. The aim of this study was to evaluate the split-crest technique, with subepithelial connective tissue graft used as biological barrier, in patients with narrow ridges, focusing on the status of soft and hard tissues and on implant success rate, at 36 months after implant loading. Thirteen patients (6 males and 7 females), ages 32-68 years (mean 49.4 years) with an atrophic maxillary jaw underwent modified edentulous ridge expansion technique for implant placement. A total of 33 Laser-Lok tapered internal implant, were placed in the maxilla. The following parameters were evaluated: (1) initial ridge width (time t0); (2) ridge width at the time of abutment connection (time t1); four months after implants placement, healing abutments were connected and the prosthetic rehabilitation was initiated, and all patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically with periapical radiograph at intervals of 3-6 months for the first year and annually thereafter for 3 years. The ridge width was measured with a cone beam computed tomography. The initial ridge width ranged from 3.5 mm to 7 mm (mean: 4.67 mm), while at the end of the expansion procedure the width ranged from 6.3 mm to 11.0 mm (mean: 8.2 mm). The width gain of the edentulous ridge ranged from 1.45-4.9 mm (mean: 3.5 mm). Two implants became exposed 1 month after surgery. One implant was lost before loading (3%). The diameter of failed implant was 5.8 mm and length was 10.5 mm. The remaining 32 implants were stable and free of complications at the end of the study. Thus, the implant survival rate was 97%. Because no implant failed after loading, the cumulative survival rate of loaded implants was 100%. The minimally invasive regenerative technique presented here avoids the use of bone graft, secondary surgery for soft tissue augmentation, and mechanical expansion devices. However, the follow-up period for outcome evaluation and exiguous patient's number in this series was limited. PMID:23641728

  4. Comparison of the changes of alveolar bone thickness in maxillary incisor area in extraction and non-extraction cases: computerized tomography evaluation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paulo Roberto Barroso, Picanço; Fabricio Pinelli, Valarelli; Rodrigo Hermont, Cançado; Karina Maria Salvatore de, Freitas; Gracemia Vasconcelos, Picanço.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: comparar, por meio de tomografia computadorizada, a alteração da espessura óssea alveolar na região de incisivos superiores durante o tratamento ortodôntico, com e sem extração dentária. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 12 pacientes, divididos em dois grupos: G1, seis pacientes tratados com extraç [...] ões de dois primeiros pré-molares superiores, com idade média inicial de 15,83 anos, e tratados por um tempo médio de 2,53 anos; G2, seis pacientes tratados sem extrações, com idade média inicial de 18,26 anos e tratados por um período de 2,39 anos. Foram utilizadas tomografias computadorizadas, telerradiografias em norma lateral e radiografias periapicais ao início (T1) e após 18 meses de tratamento (T2), desde que o espaço da extração já estivesse fechado nos casos tratados com extrações. A comparação intragrupo foi realizada por meio do teste t dependente, e a comparação intergrupos por meio do com o teste t independente. RESULTADOS: o grupo 1 apresentou uma retração e verticalização do incisivo central, enquanto o grupo 2 apresentou uma vestibularização desse dente. Além disso, o grupo 1 apresentou maior aumento da espessura óssea cervical vestibular durante o tratamento, quando comparado ao grupo 2. A incidência de reabsorção radicular não apresentou diferenças significativas entre os grupos. CONCLUSÕES: não houve alteração nas espessuras ósseas alveolares quando comparados casos tratados com e sem extrações, com exceção da espessura óssea vestibular na região cervical dos incisivos superiores. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare, through computed tomography, alveolar bone thickness changes at the maxillary incisors area during orthodontic treatment with and without tooth extraction. METHODS: Twelve patients were evaluated. They were divided into 2 groups: G1 - 6 patients treated with extraction of righ [...] t and left maxillary first premolars, with mean initial age of 15.83 years and mean treatment length of 2.53 years; G2 - 6 patients treated without extraction, with mean initial age of 18.26 years and mean treatment length of 2.39 years. Computed tomographies, lateral cephalograms and periapical radiographs were used at the beginning of the treatment (T1) and 18 months after the treatment had started (T2). Extraction space closure occurred in the extraction cases. Intragroup and intergroup comparisons were performed by dependent and independent t test, respectively. RESULTS: In G1, the central incisor was retracted and uprighted, while in G2 this tooth showed vestibularization. Additionally, G1 presented a higher increase of labial alveolar bone thickness at the cervical third in comparison with G2. The incidence of root resorption did not present significant differences between groups. CONCLUSION: There were no changes in alveolar bone thickness when extraction and nonextraction cases were compared, except for the labial alveolar bone thickness at the cervical third of maxillary incisors.

  5. Gravidez em paciente com microlitíase alveolar pulmonar grave / Pregnancy in a patient with severe pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José Osmar Bezerra de, Souza Filho; Cristiane Maria Cavalcante, Silveira; Aline Barreto da, Cunha; Valéria Goes Ferreira, Pinheiro; Francisco Edson de Lucena, Feitosa; Marcelo Alcântara, Holanda.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available A microlitíase alveolar pulmonar (MAP) é uma doença rara que atinge ambos os pulmões, caracterizada pela presença de pequenos cálculos (fosfato de cálcio) nos espaços alveolares. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 26 anos, cujo diagnóstico foi confirmado com base nos achados marca [...] ntes na radiografia de tórax e tomografia computadorizada de alta resolução. A paciente, gestante de 28 semanas, retornou ao hospital 10 meses após o diagnóstico apresentando insuficiência respiratória hipoxêmica e com distúrbio ventilatório restritivo grave à espirometria. Após completadas 32 semanas e 4 dias de gestação, foi submetida aparto cesariano, com sucesso para mãe e filha. A MAP tem evolução clínica variável. Tem provável caráter autossômico recessivo e associação com história familiar positiva. A etiologia é incerta, e muitos autores especulam que haja um defeito enzimático local responsável pelo acúmulo intra-alveolar de cálcio. Relatos de pacientes com MAP que engravidaram são excepcionais, sendo o presente caso o primeiro descrito no Brasil. O curso dessa doença costuma ser lentamente progressivo, e os pacientes geralmente falecem devido à insuficiência cardiorrespiratória. O presente caso ilustra a necessidade de se oferecer aconselhamento genético e orientações sobre o risco de gravidez às pacientes, especialmente em casos de doença avançada. Atualmente, a única terapia efetiva é o transplante pulmonar. Abstract in english Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease that affects both lungs. It is characterized by the presence of small calculi (calcium phosphate) within the alveolar spaces. We report the case of a 26-year-old female whose diagnosis was based on characteristic findings on chest X-rays and [...] high-resolution computed tomography scans. The patient, 28 weeks pregnant, was rehospitalized 10 months after the diagnosis, presenting hypoxemic acute respiratory failure and severe restrictive ventilatory defect on spirometry. After 32 completed weeks of gestation (228 days), she was submitted to cesarean section, and the outcome was successful for mother and newborn. PAM has a variable clinical course. It is suggestive of an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern and has been associated with positive family history. The etiology of PAM is unclear, and many authors speculate that there is a local enzymatic defect responsible for the intra-alveolar accumulation of calcium. Reports of patients with PAM who become pregnant are exceptional, and this is the first case described in Brazil. The course of this disease is usually slow and progressive, and patients typically die of cardiorespiratory failure. The present case illustrates the need to offer female patients, especially those with advanced disease, genetic counseling and orientation regarding the risks of pregnancy. Currently, the only effective therapy is lung transplantation.

  6. Gravidez em paciente com microlitíase alveolar pulmonar grave Pregnancy in a patient with severe pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Osmar Bezerra de Souza Filho

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available A microlitíase alveolar pulmonar (MAP é uma doença rara que atinge ambos os pulmões, caracterizada pela presença de pequenos cálculos (fosfato de cálcio nos espaços alveolares. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 26 anos, cujo diagnóstico foi confirmado com base nos achados marcantes na radiografia de tórax e tomografia computadorizada de alta resolução. A paciente, gestante de 28 semanas, retornou ao hospital 10 meses após o diagnóstico apresentando insuficiência respiratória hipoxêmica e com distúrbio ventilatório restritivo grave à espirometria. Após completadas 32 semanas e 4 dias de gestação, foi submetida aparto cesariano, com sucesso para mãe e filha. A MAP tem evolução clínica variável. Tem provável caráter autossômico recessivo e associação com história familiar positiva. A etiologia é incerta, e muitos autores especulam que haja um defeito enzimático local responsável pelo acúmulo intra-alveolar de cálcio. Relatos de pacientes com MAP que engravidaram são excepcionais, sendo o presente caso o primeiro descrito no Brasil. O curso dessa doença costuma ser lentamente progressivo, e os pacientes geralmente falecem devido à insuficiência cardiorrespiratória. O presente caso ilustra a necessidade de se oferecer aconselhamento genético e orientações sobre o risco de gravidez às pacientes, especialmente em casos de doença avançada. Atualmente, a única terapia efetiva é o transplante pulmonar.Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM is a rare disease that affects both lungs. It is characterized by the presence of small calculi (calcium phosphate within the alveolar spaces. We report the case of a 26-year-old female whose diagnosis was based on characteristic findings on chest X-rays and high-resolution computed tomography scans. The patient, 28 weeks pregnant, was rehospitalized 10 months after the diagnosis, presenting hypoxemic acute respiratory failure and severe restrictive ventilatory defect on spirometry. After 32 completed weeks of gestation (228 days, she was submitted to cesarean section, and the outcome was successful for mother and newborn. PAM has a variable clinical course. It is suggestive of an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern and has been associated with positive family history. The etiology of PAM is unclear, and many authors speculate that there is a local enzymatic defect responsible for the intra-alveolar accumulation of calcium. Reports of patients with PAM who become pregnant are exceptional, and this is the first case described in Brazil. The course of this disease is usually slow and progressive, and patients typically die of cardiorespiratory failure. The present case illustrates the need to offer female patients, especially those with advanced disease, genetic counseling and orientation regarding the risks of pregnancy. Currently, the only effective therapy is lung transplantation.

  7. Effect of dexamethasone on osteoclast formation in the alveolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Y. Yasear

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was planned to determine whether a short period dexamethasone treatment induce alveolar bone loss or not, therefore, twenty six male albino rabbits were divided into three groups as follow: Test groups I (10 rabbits received 1.56 mg/kg dexamethasone intraperitoneal injection daily for two weeks, test group II (10 rabbits received 3.12 mg/kg dexamethasone intraperitoneal injection daily, and the control group (6 rabbits received saline solution for same period. The animals were sacrificed and histological sections were prepared from the alveolar bone of molar areas of mandible, as well as morphometric analysis of osteoclasts number was performed. The results showed a significant increase in the number of osteoclasts, which indicates that bone loss, is quite inevitable secondary to dexamethasone treatment even in a short period of treatment for two weeks.

  8. Demyelinating hypertrophic inferior alveolar nerve mimicking a nerve tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Hiroaki; Kokubun, Norito; Sada, Tsubasa; Nagashima, Takahide; Komagamine, Tomoko; Kawabe, Kiyokazu; Hirata, Koichi

    2015-01-01

    We herein report a patient with demyelinating inferior alveolar nerve hypertrophy, which was initially suspected to have a nerve tumor. A 39-year-old woman with childhood-onset polyneuropathy presented with tooth pain and visited a dental clinic. An X-ray examination of the mandible revealed enlargement of the mandibular canal, and a nerve tumor was suspected. CT scan and MRI showed hypertrophy of the inferior alveolar nerve along its entire length. We diagnosed the patient with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP), which was supported by the spontaneous recovery reported in her childhood, the results from a nerve conduction study and MRI data. CIDP should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mandibular canal enlargement. PMID:25948359

  9. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage resulting from Pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Andreia Salarini, Monteiro; Gabriela, Addor; David Henrique, Nigri; Wilhermo, Torres; Carlos Alberto de Barros, Franco.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available A 27 year-old female patient, cocaine user, presenting hemoptysis and progressive dyspnea with onset 48 hours prior to hospital admission, without any other signs or symptoms. Serum tests for infectious diseases, collagen disorders and vasculitis were negative. Urinalysis was normal. Computed tomogr [...] aphy of the chest showed diffuse alveolar infiltrate, affecting mainly the lower left lobe. A thoracoscopic lung biopsy was performed to clarify the diagnosis. The histopathological findings showed capillaritis and diffuse intra-alveolar hemorrhage. Treated with steroid and cyclophosphamide pulse therapy, a good clinical and radiographical response was obtained. The recently described pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis is characterized by the presence of isolated pulmonary capillaritis and negative serum testing for auto-immune diseases.

  10. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage resulting from Pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia Salarini Monteiro

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available A 27 year-old female patient, cocaine user, presenting hemoptysis and progressive dyspnea with onset 48 hours prior to hospital admission, without any other signs or symptoms. Serum tests for infectious diseases, collagen disorders and vasculitis were negative. Urinalysis was normal. Computed tomography of the chest showed diffuse alveolar infiltrate, affecting mainly the lower left lobe. A thoracoscopic lung biopsy was performed to clarify the diagnosis. The histopathological findings showed capillaritis and diffuse intra-alveolar hemorrhage. Treated with steroid and cyclophosphamide pulse therapy, a good clinical and radiographical response was obtained. The recently described pauci-immune pulmonary capillaritis is characterized by the presence of isolated pulmonary capillaritis and negative serum testing for auto-immune diseases.

  11. Imaging alveolar-capillary permeability in experimental respiratory distress syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary edema can be induced in dogs by low doses of oleic acid (20 ?l/kg) given intravenously, simulating the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Alveolar-capillary permeability was measured in dogs, using sup(99m)Tc-DTPA and sup(99m)Tc-albumin fine aerosols produced by a newly designed separator. This separator eliminates the effect of mucociliary movement on aerosol clearance. The small molecular-laden aerosol particles were cleared in the order: sup(99m)-TcO4-, sup(99m)Tc-DTPA, and sup(99m)Tc-disofenin; the Tsub(1/2) of lung clearance correlated with molecular sizes. Experimental ARDS increased the lung clearance of sup(99m)Tc-DTPA. Lung clearance of large molecule (sup(99m)Tc-albumin) laden aerosol particles was not accelerated in the ARDS model. Inhalation with fine aerosols revealed increased alveolar permeability in the ARDS model without any change of cardiac output

  12. Microlitiasis alveolar: Diagnóstico por biopsia transbronquial. Presentación de 1 caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pablo Pino Alfonso

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presentó el caso de un pacientes de 32 años de edad, raza negra y sexo masculino que consultó por expectoración hemoptoica que, en ocasiones, contenía microlitos. En los rayos X de tórax se observaron calcificaciones intraparenquimatosas en ambos pulmones. Se le realizó biopsia transbronquial y el diagnóstico definitivo fue una microlitiasis alveolar pulmonar. Se discutió el caso y se revisó la literaturaWe presented the case of a 32 years-old black male patient that was seen at the doctor's because he had hemoptoic expectoration that occasionally contains microlites. Chest X-ray exam showed intraparenchimatous calcification in the lungs. Transbronchial biopsy was performed and the final diagnosis was alveolar pulmonary microlithiasis. The case was discussed and a literature review was made

  13. European Echinococcosis Registry: Human Alveolar Echinococcosis, Europe, 1982–2000

    OpenAIRE

    Kern, Petra; Bardonnet, Karine; Renner, Elisabeth; Auer, Herbert; Pawlowski, Zbigniew; Ammann, Rudolf W.; Vuitton, Dominique A.; Kern, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Surveillance for alveolar echinococcosis in central Europe was initiated in 1998. On a voluntary basis, 559 patients were reported to the registry. Most cases originated from rural communities in regions from eastern France to western Austria; single cases were reported far away from the disease-“endemic” zone throughout central Europe. Of 210 patients, 61.4% were involved in vocational or part-time farming, gardening, forestry, or hunting. Patients were diagnosed at a mean age of 52.5 ye...

  14. Glycogen synthase kinase 3? represses MYOGENIN function in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma

    OpenAIRE

    Dionyssiou, M. G.; Ehyai, S.; Avrutin, E.; Connor, M. K.; Mcdermott, J. C.

    2014-01-01

    MYOGENIN is a member of the muscle regulatory factor family that orchestrates an obligatory step in myogenesis, the terminal differentiation of skeletal muscle cells. A paradoxical feature of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS), a prevalent soft tissue sarcoma in children arising from cells with a myogenic phenotype, is the inability of these cells to undergo terminal differentiation despite the expression of MYOGENIN. The chimeric PAX3-FOXO1 fusion protein which results from a chromosomal trans...

  15. Human Alveolar Echinococcosis in Poland: 1990–2011

    OpenAIRE

    Nahorski, Wac?aw L.; Knap, Józef P.; Paw?owski, Zbigniew S.; Krawczyk, Marek; Pola?ski, Jerzy; Stefaniak, Jerzy; Patkowski, Waldemar; Szostakowska, Beata; Pietkiewicz, Halina; Grzeszczuk, Anna; Felczak-Korzybska, Iwona; Go??b, El?bieta; Wnukowska, Natalia; Paul, Ma?gorzata; Kacprzak, El?bieta

    2013-01-01

    Human alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a consequence of accidental ingestion of the eggs of the tapeworm Echinococcus multilocularis. AE constitutes a serious and increasing medical and epidemiological problem in many countries including Poland. The natural environments with a high AE prevalence are the areas where the definitive hosts (foxes, raccoons) and the intermediate hosts (rodents) live. The increasing population of infected foxes that penetrate nearby the village and urban buildings a...

  16. A palatalização das oclusivas alveolares: propriedades fixas e variáveis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Battisti

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Assumindo que restrições não-hierarquizadas geram variação e que um mesmo traço pode ocorrer em vários níveis, a palatalização variável das oclusivas alveolares numa variedade de português brasileiro é analisada como um processo que se aplica para ligar C(Abertura da vogal alta a uma posição consonantal mais alta, explicando a tendência nas línguas do mundo de as vogais altas se espraiarem para segmentos precedentes.

  17. Effects of midazolam on isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration in goats

    OpenAIRE

    Dzikiti, T. Brighton; Stegmann, George F.; Dzikiti, Loveness N.; Hellebrekers, Ludo J.

    2011-01-01

    The effects of midazolam on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in mechanically ventilated goats were evaluated. Six healthy goats (3 does and 3 wethers) were used in a randomized crossover design. General anaesthesia was induced with isoflurane. Endotracheal intubation was performed after which anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane. Baseline isoflurane MAC was determined. The goats then received, on separate occasions, one of three midazolam treatments intravenously: ...

  18. The clinical meaning of external cervical resorption in maxillary canine: transoperative dental trauma

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto, Consolaro; Mauricio de Almeida, Cardoso; Carolina Dornelas C. M. de, Almeida; Ingrid Araújo Oliveira, Souza; Leopoldino, Capelloza Filho.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A reabsorção cervical externa em caninos superiores com vitalidade pulpar em sua quase totalidade está associada a traumatismo dentário decorrente de procedimentos cirúrgicos associado à preparação desse dente para ser tracionado ortodonticamente. Nessa preparação pode se manipular cirurgicamente a [...] junção amelocementária ou luxar o dente com forças excessivas ou com testes de movimentação além dos limites de tolerância estrutural do ligamento periodontal e tecidos cervicais. A exposição dentinária na junção amelocementária é o estopim para se iniciar uma reabsorção cervical externa a partir de uma inflamação induzida na região seguida de reconhecimento antigênico das proteínas dentinárias. A reabsorção cervical externa é indolor, não induz pulpites e tem uma evolução lenta. Em geral, a lesão está associada e recoberta por tecidos moles gengivais que mantêm, por longos períodos, os aspectos clínicos normais, induzindo diagnósticos tardios, quando o processo se aproxima dos limites pulpares. O tratamento endodôntico está indicado apenas em função de procedimentos operatórios que se fazem necessários no espaço pulpar; caso contrário, a reabsorção cervical externa deve ser tratada de forma conservadora, protegendo a polpa dentária e restaurando a função e estética do dente que permanecerá com sua polpa normal. Infelizmente, não sabemos, com base em pesquisas de casuísticas bem estabelecidas, qual é a frequência da reabsorção cervical externa associada a caninos ortodonticamente tracionados. Abstract in english External Cervical Resorption in maxillary canines with pulp vitality is frequently associated with dental trauma resulting from surgical procedures carried out to prepare the teeth for further orthodontic traction. Preparation procedures might surgically manipulate the cementoenamel junction or caus [...] e luxation of teeth due to applying excessive force or movement tests beyond the tolerance limits of periodontal ligament and cervical tissue structures. Dentin exposure at the cementoenamel junction triggers External Cervical Resorption as a result of inflammation followed by antigen recognition of dentin proteins. External Cervical Resorption is painless, does not induce pulpitis and develops slowly. The lesion is generally associated with and covered by gingival soft tissues which disguise normal clinical aspects, thereby leading to late diagnosis when the process is near pulp threshold. Endodontic treatment is recommended only if surgical procedures are rendered necessary in the pulp space; otherwise, External Cervical Resorption should be treated by conservative means: protecting the dental pulp and restoring function and esthetics of teeth whose pulp will remain in normal conditions. Unfortunately, there is a lack of well-grounded research evincing how often External Cervical Resorption associated with canines subjected to orthodontic traction occurs.

  19. Effects of elastase and cigarette smoke on alveolar epithelial permeability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine whether instilled porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) increases alveolar epithelial permeability, the authors measured alveolar epithelium permeability X surface area (PS) for [14C]sucrose and 125I-bovine serum albumin in isolated perfused lungs from hamsters previously exposed to PPE and/or cigarette smoke. Saline (0.5 ml) with 0, 5, or 20 units PPE was instilled intratracheally in anesthetized hamsters. Those exposed to smoke for 4-6 wk received 0 or 5 units; PS was measured 3 h later. Nonsmokers received 0, 5, or 20 units; PS was measured 3 h, 24 h, or 5 days later. Control PS values were (cm3/s X 10(-4), +/- SE) 0.84 +/- 0.11 for sucrose and 0.030 +/- 0.006 for BSA. Three and 24 h following 20 units PPE, (PS)sucrose was twice the control valve. (PS)BSA was four times control at 3 h but not significantly increased at 24 h. Five days after PPE both were back to control levels. Five units PPE or smoke exposure alone caused no PS changes. Smoke exposure and 5 units PPE caused (PS)sucrose to increase markedly (1.85 +/- 0.32); (PS)BSA was not significantly increased (0.076 +/- 0.026). Thus, instilled PPE causes reversible increases in alveolar epithelial PS; cigarette smoking potentiates this effect

  20. Cigarette smoke extract affects mitochondrial function in alveolar epithelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballweg, Korbinian; Mutze, Kathrin; Königshoff, Melanie; Eickelberg, Oliver; Meiners, Silke

    2014-12-01

    Cigarette smoke is the main risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Exposure of cells to cigarette smoke induces an initial adaptive cellular stress response involving increased oxidative stress and induction of inflammatory signaling pathways. Exposure of mitochondria to cellular stress alters their fusion/fission dynamics. Whereas mild stress induces a prosurvival response termed stress-induced mitochondrial hyperfusion, severe stress results in mitochondrial fragmentation and mitophagy. In the present study, we analyzed the mitochondrial response to mild and nontoxic doses of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) in alveolar epithelial cells. We characterized mitochondrial morphology, expression of mitochondrial fusion and fission genes, markers of mitochondrial proteostasis, as well as mitochondrial functions such as membrane potential and oxygen consumption. Murine lung epithelial (MLE)12 and primary mouse alveolar epithelial cells revealed pronounced mitochondrial hyperfusion upon treatment with CSE, accompanied by increased expression of the mitochondrial fusion protein mitofusin 2 and increased metabolic activity. We did not observe any alterations in mitochondrial proteostasis, i.e., induction of the mitochondrial unfolded protein response or mitophagy. Therefore, our data indicate an adaptive prosurvival response of mitochondria of alveolar epithelial cells to nontoxic concentrations of CSE. A hyperfused mitochondrial network, however, renders the cell more vulnerable to additional stress, such as sustained cigarette smoke exposure. As such, cigarette smoke-induced mitochondrial hyperfusion, although part of a beneficial adaptive stress response in the first place, may contribute to the pathogenesis of COPD. PMID:25326581

  1. MR hydrography in the diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the clinical application of MR hydrography (MRH) in diagnosing alveolar echinococcosis (AE). Methods: Thirty-four patients with suspected alveolar echinococcosis were examined using MRH in addition to conventional magnetic resonance imaging(cMRI). Thirty-two of the 34 patinets had surgery and the pathological diagnoses were alveolar echinococcosis. Results: Among 128 lesions in these 32 patients found at surgery, cMRI examination found 68 lesions and MRH found 108 lesions. The sensitivity of cMRI examination was (53.13±0.04)%, the specificity was (92.59± 0.05)%, concordance rate was (60.00±0.03)%. The sensitivity of MRH examination was (84.38± 0.03)%, the specificity was (81.48±0.08)%, concordance rate was (83.87±0.03)%. Comparing concordance rate of cMRI examination and MRH, significant difference was found (U=5.44, P<0.01). Conclusion: MRH technique can raise the sensitivity and concordance rate for diagnosing AE. This technique should be employed in the evaluation of patients suspected of AE. (authors)

  2. Nanoparticle effects on rat alveolar epithelial cell monolayer barrier properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yacobi, Nazanin R; Phuleria, Harish C; Demaio, Lucas; Liang, Chi H; Peng, Ching-An; Sioutas, Constantinos; Borok, Zea; Kim, Kwang-Jin; Crandall, Edward D

    2007-12-01

    Inhaled nanoparticles have been reported to contribute to deleterious effects on human health. In this study, we investigated the effects of ultrafine ambient particulate suspensions (UAPS), polystyrene nanoparticles (PNP; positively and negatively charged; 20, 100, 120 nm), quantum dots (QD; positively and negatively charged; 30 nm) and single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) on alveolar epithelial cell barrier properties. Transmonolayer resistance (R(t)) and equivalent short-circuit current (I(eq)) of primary rat alveolar epithelial monolayers were measured in the presence and absence of varying concentrations of apical nanoparticles. In some experiments, apical-to-basolateral fluxes of radiolabeled mannitol or inulin were determined with or without apical UAPS exposure and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release was analyzed after UAPS or SWCNT exposure. Results revealed that exposure to UAPS decreased R(t) and I(eq) significantly over 24 h, although neither mannitol nor inulin fluxes changed. Positively charged QD decreased R(t) significantly (with subsequent recovery), while negatively charged QD did not. R(t) decreased significantly after SWCNT exposure (with subsequent recovery). On the other hand, PNP exposure had no effects on R(t) or I(eq). No significant increases in LDH release were observed after UAPS or SWCNT exposure. These data indicate that disruption of alveolar epithelial barrier properties due to apical nanoparticle exposure likely involves alteration of cellular transport pathways and is dependent on specific nanoparticle composition, shape and/or surface charge. PMID:17555923

  3. Severe root resorption resulting from orthodontic treatment: Prevalence and risk factors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Caroline Pelagio Raick, Maués; Rizomar Ramos do, Nascimento; Oswaldo de Vasconcellos, Vilella.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a prevalência de reabsorções radiculares externas severas e identificar prováveis fatores de risco decorrentes do tratamento ortodôntico. MÉTODOS: utilizou-se uma amostra selecionada aleatoriamente, composta de radiografias periapicais de incisivos superiores e inferiores, obtidas [...] no mesmo centro radiológico, de pré- e pós-tratamento ortodôntico ativo, de 129 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, tratados por meio da técnica Edgewise Standard. Dois examinadores mensuraram e definiram a reabsorção radicular de acordo com índice proposto por Levander et al., e o grau de reabsorção foi registrado, definindo a reabsorção em quatro graus de severidade. Para avaliar a reprodutibilidade intra- e interexaminadores, adotou-se o índice de coeficiente kappa ponderado. O teste chi-quadrado (?2) foi adotado para avaliar a relação entre a quantidade de reabsorção radicular e o sexo dos pacientes, arcada dentária (superior ou inferior), tratamentos com ou sem extrações, duração do tratamento, forma radicular, estágio do ápice radicular (aberto ou fechado), overjet e overbite no início do tratamento. RESULTADOS: os incisivos centrais superiores apresentaram a maior porcentagem de reabsorção radicular severa, seguidos dos incisivos laterais superiores e dos incisivos laterais inferiores. Entre 959 dentes avaliados, 28 (2,9%) apresentaram reabsorção radicular severa. Os fatores de risco relacionados foram: dentes localizados na região anterossuperior, overjet maior ou igual a 5mm ao início do tratamento, tratamentos envolvendo extrações dentárias, tempo prolongado de terapia e formação radicular completa à época do início do tratamento ortodôntico. CONCLUSÃO: o estudo demonstrou que cuidados devem ser tomados em tratamentos ortodônticos envolvendo extrações, com grande retração de incisivos superiores, tratamentos prolongados e/ou ápice radicular completamente formado no início da terapia ortodôntica. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of severe external root resorption and its potential risk factors resulting from orthodontic treatment. METHODS: A randomly selected sample was used. It comprised conventional periapical radiographs taken in the same radiology center for maxillary and mandibular [...] incisors before and after active orthodontic treatment of 129 patients, males and females, treated by means of the Standard Edgewise technique. Two examiners measured and defined root resorption according to the index proposed by Levander et al. The degree of external apical root resorption was registered defining resorption in four degrees of severity. To assess intra and inter-rater reproducibility, kappa coefficient was used. Chi-square test was used to assess the relationship between the amount of root resorption and patient's sex, dental arch (maxillary or mandibular), treatment with or without extractions, treatment duration, root apex stage (open or closed), root shape, as well as overjet and overbite at treatment onset. RESULTS: Maxillary central incisors had the highest percentage of severe root resorption, followed by maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular lateral incisors. Out of 959 teeth, 28 (2.9%) presented severe root resorption. The following risk factors were observed: anterior maxillary teeth, overjet greater than or equal to 5 mm at treatment onset, treatment with extractions, prolonged therapy, and degree of apex formation at treatment onset. CONCLUSION: This study showed that care must be taken in orthodontic treatment involving extractions, great retraction of maxillary incisors, prolonged therapy, and/or completely formed apex at orthodontic treatment onset.

  4. Elemental analysis of lung tissue particles and intracellular iron content of alveolar macrophages in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ohkubo Takeru

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP is a rare disease occurred by idiopathic (autoimmune or secondary to particle inhalation. The in-air microparticle induced X-ray emission (in-air micro-PIXE system performs elemental analysis of materials by irradiation with a proton microbeam, and allows visualization of the spatial distribution and quantitation of various elements with very low background noise. The aim of this study was to assess the secondary PAP due to inhalation of harmful particles by employing in-air micro-PIXE analysis for particles and intracellular iron in parafin-embedded lung tissue specimens obtained from a PAP patient comparing with normal lung tissue from a non-PAP patient. The iron inside alveolar macrophages was stained with Berlin blue, and its distribution was compared with that on micro-PIXE images. Results The elements composing particles and their locations in the PAP specimens could be identified by in-air micro-PIXE analysis, with magnesium (Mg, aluminum (Al, silicon (Si, phosphorus (P, sulfur (S, scandium (Sc, potassium (K, calcium (Ca, titanium (Ti, chromium (Cr, copper (Cu, manganase (Mn, iron (Fe, and zinc (Zn being detected. Si was the major component of the particles. Serial sections stained by Berlin blue revealed accumulation of sideromacrophages that had phagocytosed the particles. The intracellular iron content of alveolar macrophage from the surfactant-rich area in PAP was higher than normal lung tissue in control lung by both in-air micro-PIXE analysis and Berlin blue staining. Conclusion The present study demonstrated the efficacy of in-air micro-PIXE for analyzing the distribution and composition of lung particles. The intracellular iron content of single cells was determined by simultaneous two-dimensional and elemental analysis of paraffin-embedded lung tissue sections. The results suggest that secondary PAP is associated with exposure to inhaled particles and accumulation of iron in alveolar macrophages.

  5. Influence of the Alveolar Cleft Type on Preoperative Estimation Using 3D CT Assessment for Alveolar Cleft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hang Suk Choi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background The bone graft for the alveolar cleft has been accepted as one of the essentialtreatments for cleft lip patients. Precise preoperative measurement of the architecture andsize of the bone defect in alveolar cleft has been considered helpful for increasing the successrate of bone grafting because those features may vary with the cleft type. Recently, somestudies have reported on the usefulness of three-dimensional (3D computed tomography(CT assessment of alveolar bone defect; however, no study on the possible implication of thecleft type on the difference between the presumed and actual value has been conducted yet.We aimed to evaluate the clinical predictability of such measurement using 3D CT assessmentaccording to the cleft type.Methods The study consisted of 47 pediatric patients. The subjects were divided according tothe cleft type. CT was performed before the graft operation and assessed using image analysissoftware. The statistical significance of the difference between the preoperative estimationand intraoperative measurement was analyzed.Results The difference between the preoperative and intraoperative values were -0.1±0.3cm3 (P=0.084. There was no significant intergroup difference, but the groups with a cleftpalate showed a significant difference of -0.2±0.3 cm3 (P<0.05.Conclusions Assessment of the alveolar cleft volume using 3D CT scan data and image analysissoftware can help in selecting the optimal graft procedure and extracting the correct volumeof cancellous bone for grafting. Considering the cleft type, it would be helpful to extract anadditional volume of 0.2 cm3 in the presence of a cleft palate.

  6. The roles of hyperoxia and mechanical deformation in alveolar epithelial injury and repair

    OpenAIRE

    Mckechnie, Stuart R.

    2008-01-01

    The alveolar epithelium is a key functional component of the air-blood barrier in the lung. Comprised of two morphologically distinct cell types, alveolar epithelial type I (ATI) and type II (ATII) cells, effective repair of the alveolar epithelial barrier following injury appears to be an important determinant of clinical outcome. The prevailing view suggests this repair is achieved by the proliferation of ATII cells and the transdifferentiation of ATII cells into ATI cells. ...

  7. Oxidative Stress, Cell Death, and Other Damage to Alveolar Epithelial Cells Induced by Cigarette Smoke

    OpenAIRE

    Nagai A; Aoshiba K

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor in the development of various lung diseases, including pulmonary emphysema, pulmonary fibrosis, and lung cancer. The mechanisms of these diseases include alterations in alveolar epithelial cells, which are essential in the maintenance of normal alveolar architecture and function. Following cigarette smoking, alterations in alveolar epithelial cells induce an increase in epithelial permeability, a decrease in surfactant production, the inapprop...

  8. A radiological method to evaluate alveolar bone regeneration in the Chacma baboon (Papio ursinus)

    OpenAIRE

    Kotze, Marthinus J; Butow, Kurt-Wilhelm; Kotze, Harry F.

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION : The evaluation of alveolar bone healing may have a role in dental implantology, in prosthodontics in the post-extraction phase and in monitoring fracture repair. There are several radiological techniques described to evaluate alveolar bone regeneration. However, most are expensive and time consuming. OBJECTIVES : To develop and evaluate a radiological method utilising readily available equipment to measure alveolar bone regeneration. MATERIALS AND MET...

  9. HIV-1–Transgene Expression in Rats Decreases Alveolar Macrophage Zinc Levels and Phagocytosis

    OpenAIRE

    Joshi, Pratibha C; Raynor, Robert; Fan, Xian; Guidot, David M

    2008-01-01

    HIV-1 infection impairs alveolar macrophage immune function and renders patients susceptible to pneumonia by poorly understood mechanisms. Alveolar macrophage maturation and function depends on granulocyte-macrophage colony–stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which is produced and secreted by the alveolar epithelium. Macrophages respond to GM-CSF through the GM-CSF receptor (GM-CSFR), which has a binding subunit (GM-CSFR?) and a signaling subunit (GM-CSFR?). In this study, we measured GM-CSFR ex...

  10. Alveolar graft in the cleft lip and palate patient: Review of 104 cases

    OpenAIRE

    Luque-marti?n, Estela; Tobella-camps, Mari?a L.; Rivera-baro?, Alejandro

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Alveolar bone grafting is a vital part of the rehabilitation of cleft patients. The factors that have been most frequently associated with the success of the graft are the age at grafting and the pre-grafting orthodontic treatment. Objectives: 1) Describe the cases of alveolar bone grafts performed at the Maxilofacial Unit of Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona (HSJD); and 2) Analyze the success/failure of alveolar grafts and related variables. Material and Methods: Descriptiv...

  11. Alterations in gene expression in T1? null lung: a model of deficient alveolar sac development

    OpenAIRE

    Hinds Anne; Spira Avrum; Millien Guetchyn; Wang Junling; Williams Mary C; Ramirez Maria I

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Development of lung alveolar sacs of normal structure and size at late gestation is necessary for the gas exchange process that sustains respiration at birth. Mice lacking the lung differentiation gene T1? [T1?(-/-)] fail to form expanded alveolar sacs, resulting in respiratory failure at birth. Since little is known about the molecular pathways driving alveolar sacculation, we used expression microarrays to identify genes altered in the abnormal lungs and, by inference,...

  12. Simultaneous occurrence of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis and alveolar cell carcinoma in one family.

    OpenAIRE

    Beaumont, F.; Jansen, H. M.; Elema, J. D.; ten Kate, L P; Sluiter, H. J.

    1981-01-01

    The coexistence of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and alveolar cell carcinoma is well known. The familial occurrence of a combination of these two entities, however, is very rare. We present a family of which five members had diffuse interstitial pulmonary fibrosis. Three of them had in addition alveolar cell carcinoma. In a sixth family member, evidence of alveolar cell carcinoma was present without proven interstitial fibrosis. An autosomal dominant trait is suggested as the mode of inheri...

  13. Beta-adrenoceptor stimulation of alveolar fluid clearance is increased in rats with heart failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maron, Michael B; Luther, Daniel J; Pilati, Charles F; Ohanyan, Vahagn; Li, Tianbo; Koshy, Shyny; Horne, Walter I; Meszaros, J Gary; Walro, Jon M; Folkesson, Hans G

    2009-09-01

    The alveolar epithelium plays a critical role in resolving pulmonary edema. We thus hypothesized that its function might be upregulated in rats with heart failure, a condition that severely challenges the lung's ability to maintain fluid balance. Heart failure was induced by left coronary artery ligation. Echocardiographic and cardiovascular hemodynamics confirmed its development at 16 wk postligation. At that time, alveolar fluid clearance was measured by an increase in protein concentration over 1 h of a 5% albumin solution instilled into the lungs. Baseline alveolar fluid clearance was similar in heart failure and age-matched control rats. Terbutaline was added to the instillate to determine whether heart failure rats responded to beta-adrenoceptor stimulation. Alveolar fluid clearance in heart failure rats was increased by 194% after terbutaline stimulation compared with a 153% increase by terbutaline in control rats. To determine the mechanisms responsible for this accelerated alveolar fluid clearance, we measured ion transporter expression (ENaC, Na-K- ATPase, CFTR). No significant upregulation was observed for these ion transporters in the heart failure rats. Lung morphology showed significant alveolar epithelial type II cell hyperplasia in heart failure rats. Thus, alveolar epithelial type II cell hyperplasia is the likely explanation for the increased terbutaline-stimulated alveolar fluid clearance in heart failure rats. These data provide evidence for previously unrecognized mechanisms that can protect against or hasten resolution of alveolar edema in heart failure. PMID:19592457

  14. Reduction in bone resorption by exogenous glucagon-like peptide-2 administration requires an intact gastrointestinal tract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottschalck, Ida B; Jeppesen, Palle B

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Biochemical markers for bone resorption (s-CTX) are reduced by food intake, whereas markers for bone formation seem to be unaffected by meal status. Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a peptide secreted from endocrine L cells in the intestinal mucosa in relation to food-intake. Subcutaneous GLP-2 treatment has been shown to reduce bone resorption in postmenopausal women. The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of exogenous GLP-2 to reduce bone resorption in patients with jejunostomy or ileostomy and to elucidate whether an intact gastrointestinal tract and the ability to secrete GLP-2 are required for meal-induced inhibition of bone resorption. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen control subjects, 13 colectomized patients with an ileostomy and 12 colectomized patients with a jejunostomy (remnant small bowel 89 +/- 53 cm) were given: a) a subcutaneous injection of 1600 microg GLP-2, b) placebo and c) 3.8 MJ of a breakfast meal. Blood was sampled for measurements of s-CTX, s-osteocalcinand GLP-2 for 4 h after each intervention. RESULTS: After the GLP-2 injection, only control subjects showed a significant reduction in s-CTX (24% +/- 13%, p = 0.05, 120 min) compared with baseline values. Patients with an ileostomy had a preserved endogenous postprandial GLP-2 secretion, which was absent in patients with a jejunostomy. Consumption of a meal reduced s-CTX in all groups but significantly less so in the jejunostomy group. CONCLUSIONS: Reductions in bone resorption by exogenous GLP-2 require an intact gastrointestinal tract. The decreased meal-induced inhibition of bone resorption in the jejunostomy patients, who lack a GLP-2 response, supports the view that GLP-2 plays a role in postprandial reduction in bone resorption.

  15. Bone resorption in post-menopausal women with normal and low BMD assessed with biochemical markers specific for telopeptide derived degradation products of collagen type I

    OpenAIRE

    Reginster, Jean-yves; Henrotin, Yves; Christiansen, C.; Gamwell-henriksen, E.; Bruye?re, Olivier; Collette, Julien; Christgau, S.

    2001-01-01

    Biochemical markers of bone resorption can be used clinically to predict the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures (prognostic tool) and to assess the response of an osteoporotic patient to an antiresorptive therapy (monitoring tool). Our aim was to assess the ability of four currently marketed biochemical markers of bone resorption, based on the measurement of degradation products from collage type I telopeptides to monitor the elevated resorption associated with menopause. Women (846) were...

  16. ConcepTest: Magnetism Across Oceanic Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    The figure below represents a magnetic profile across an oceanic ridge system. The profile is a plot of (A) distance from the oceanic ridge vs. (B) _________. a. magnetic declination b. magnetic intensity c. ...

  17. ConcepTest: Axis of Ridge

    Science.gov (United States)

    This is part of a magnetic profile across an oceanic ridge system. The profile shows both positive and negative anomalies. Based on the symmetry of the patterns, where is the axis of the ridge located? a. A b. B c. ...

  18. The Ridge, the Glasma and Flow

    OpenAIRE

    Mclerran, Larry

    2008-01-01

    I discuss the ridge phenomena observed in heavy ion collisions at RHIC. I argue that the ridge may be due to flux tubes formed from the Color Glass Condensate in the early Glasma phase of matter produced in such collisions

  19. Pulley Ridge Swath Bathymetry Grid - filtered

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Pulley Ridge is a series of drowned barrier islands that extends almost 200 km in 60-100 m water depths. This drowned ridge is located on the Florida Platform in...

  20. Predisposição genética, hereditariedade e reabsorções radiculares em Ortodontia: cuidados com interpretações precipitadas: uma análise crítica do trabalho de Al-Qawasmi et al Genetics predisposition, heredity and radicular resorption, in Orthodontics: cares with precipitated interpretations and a critical analysis of Al-Qawasmi´s work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Consolaro

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho de Al-Qawasmi et al.¹, publicado em março de 2003 pelo American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, procurou estabelecer uma predisposição genética para justificar as reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia, mas apresentou algumas limitações metodológicas e equívocos na interpretação de seus resultados. A análise criteriosa deste artigo ressalta que, na maioria, estas limitações foram mencionadas e reconhecidas pelos autores na discussão do trabalho, mas o seu resumo e título foram muito taxativos e conclusivos. A linguagem de estudos genéticos nem sempre é familiar a todos os clínicos e isto também requer uma análise esclarecedora à luz de uma visão mais aplicada ao cotidiano ortodôntico. Referenciar ou citar este trabalho de Al-Qawasmi et al.¹, para afirmar de forma taxativa que se demonstrou a natureza hereditária das reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia, pode denotar falta de conhecimento sobre o assunto ou uma leitura ou compreensão apenas do seu título. Ou ainda, a citação deste trabalho como prova definitiva de associação entre hereditariedade e reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia pode traduzir também o desejo de excluir da prática clínica a responsabilidade de planejar de forma individualizada e detalhada cada tratamento com base no conhecimento das possibilidades e limitações técnicas oferecidas pela ciência ortodôntica, bem como nas suas bases biológicas, por exemplo, valorizando a morfologia radicular e da crista óssea alveolar e o papel dos cementoblastos na proteção da superfície radicular.The study published in the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics last March by Al-Qawasmi et al. tried to implicate dental resorption during orthodontic treatment to genetic predisposition. The methodology used, however, presents limitations and interpretative mistakes of the results. When analyzing the article sensibly, one is able to find that these limitations, mostly acknowledged and mentioned by the authors in the discussion, does not allow concluding as they did in the end or even being so decisive in the abstract. Since most clinicians are not familiar with genetic terminology, an elucidative analysis is required in order to apply this knowledge to everyday life in orthodontic practice. When referencing or citating Al-Qawasmi et al. one must be careful its limitations acknowledged by the authors themselves, despite their decisive title. Affirming that the referred paper demonstrates the heritable nature of root resorption in Orthodontics may reveal lack of knowledge on the subject, an inappropriate interpretation of it or even the exclusive reading of its title. In another hypothesis, citating this study as decisive scientific proof of heritability implicated in dental resorption in Orthodontics may indicate the wish to exonerate the clinician of responsibility to consider root and alveolar crest morphology when individualizing treatment plan based on a deeper knowledge of Orthodontic techniques.

  1. Predisposição genética, hereditariedade e reabsorções radiculares em Ortodontia: cuidados com interpretações precipitadas: uma análise crítica do trabalho de Al-Qawasmi et al / Genetics predisposition, heredity and radicular resorption, in Orthodontics: cares with precipitated interpretations and a critical analysis of Al-Qawasmi´s work

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto, Consolaro; Maria Fernanda, Martins-Ortiz.

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho de Al-Qawasmi et al.¹, publicado em março de 2003 pelo American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, procurou estabelecer uma predisposição genética para justificar as reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia, mas apresentou algumas limitações metodológicas e equívocos na inter [...] pretação de seus resultados. A análise criteriosa deste artigo ressalta que, na maioria, estas limitações foram mencionadas e reconhecidas pelos autores na discussão do trabalho, mas o seu resumo e título foram muito taxativos e conclusivos. A linguagem de estudos genéticos nem sempre é familiar a todos os clínicos e isto também requer uma análise esclarecedora à luz de uma visão mais aplicada ao cotidiano ortodôntico. Referenciar ou citar este trabalho de Al-Qawasmi et al.¹, para afirmar de forma taxativa que se demonstrou a natureza hereditária das reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia, pode denotar falta de conhecimento sobre o assunto ou uma leitura ou compreensão apenas do seu título. Ou ainda, a citação deste trabalho como prova definitiva de associação entre hereditariedade e reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia pode traduzir também o desejo de excluir da prática clínica a responsabilidade de planejar de forma individualizada e detalhada cada tratamento com base no conhecimento das possibilidades e limitações técnicas oferecidas pela ciência ortodôntica, bem como nas suas bases biológicas, por exemplo, valorizando a morfologia radicular e da crista óssea alveolar e o papel dos cementoblastos na proteção da superfície radicular. Abstract in english The study published in the American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics last March by Al-Qawasmi et al. tried to implicate dental resorption during orthodontic treatment to genetic predisposition. The methodology used, however, presents limitations and interpretative mistakes of the [...] results. When analyzing the article sensibly, one is able to find that these limitations, mostly acknowledged and mentioned by the authors in the discussion, does not allow concluding as they did in the end or even being so decisive in the abstract. Since most clinicians are not familiar with genetic terminology, an elucidative analysis is required in order to apply this knowledge to everyday life in orthodontic practice. When referencing or citating Al-Qawasmi et al. one must be careful its limitations acknowledged by the authors themselves, despite their decisive title. Affirming that the referred paper demonstrates the heritable nature of root resorption in Orthodontics may reveal lack of knowledge on the subject, an inappropriate interpretation of it or even the exclusive reading of its title. In another hypothesis, citating this study as decisive scientific proof of heritability implicated in dental resorption in Orthodontics may indicate the wish to exonerate the clinician of responsibility to consider root and alveolar crest morphology when individualizing treatment plan based on a deeper knowledge of Orthodontic techniques.

  2. Estudio histológico comparativo de la reparación ósea entre hueso alveolar y extra-alveolar en los cerdos sometidos a osteotomía con alta y baja velocidad, con refrigeración líquida Comparative study of bone repair between alveolar and extra-alveolar bone in pigs subjected to osteotomy at low speed and high speed with liquid refrigeration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique José Baldo de Toledo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Teniendo en cuenta que el proceso de reparación ósea en los cerdos se muestra en una mayor proximidad entre las variables histológicas estudiadas en comparación con otros modelos biológicos, el presente estudio tenía como objetivo evaluar el proceso histológico de la reparación ósea de osteotomías realizadas en huesos alveolares y extra-alveolar, utilizando instrumentos rotatorios con refrigeración líquida. Material y método: Dieciocho cerdos Large White con peso comprendido entre 20 y 25Kg fueron divididos en tres grupos de seis animales cada uno, con cada grupo formado por tres animales para evaluar la reparación de osteotomías con baja y alta velocidades en el hueso alveolar y tres en área extra-alveolar en los períodos de estudio de 7, 14 y 28 días. Resultados: Se observó que en el hueso alveolar en los tiempos post-operatorio de 14 y 28 días, los mejores resultados de reparación fueron en las osteotomías realizadas con baja velocidad, mientras que en el período post-operatorio de siete días, los resultados con alta velocidad fueron ligeramente mejores tanto en áreas alveolares como extra-alveolares. Para la metodología utilizada, no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el proceso de reparación ósea alveolar y extra-alveolar. Conclusiones: El proceso de reparación, por medio de análisis microscópico en la región alveolar y extra-alveolar, son similares con mejores resultados observados en osteotomías hechas con taladros en baja velocidad en los tiempos de catorce y veintiocho días y en el post-operatorio de siete días, los resultados con taladros de alta velocidad y la refrigeración fueron ligeramente mejores. Los trabajos de investigación utilizando cerdos como modelo animal son perfectamente viables.Introduction: Taking into account the bone repair process in pigs has shown a greater similarity among the histological variables studied compared to other biological models, the present study has as its aim to evaluate the histological bone repair process of osteotomy performed on alveolar and extra-alveolar bones, using drilling tools with liquid refrigeration. Material and method Eighteen Large White pigs weighing between 20 and 25 Kg were divided into three groups of six animals in order to evaluate the osteotomy repairs with low and high speed in the alveolar bone and threes in the extra-alveolar area, study periods of 7, 14 and 28 days. Results: It was observed that in the alveolar bone at the postoperative times of 14 and 28 days, the best repair results were in the osteotomy performed with low speed, while in the 7 day postoperative period, the results with high speed were slightly better, in alveolar areas as well as extra-alveolar areas. There no statistically significant differences between the alveolar and extra-alveolar bone repair process. Conclusions: The repair process, by means of microscopic analysis in the alveolar and extra-alveolar areas, are similar with better results observed in osteotomies performed with low speed drills in the 14 and 28 day study periods, and at 7 days postoperative the results with high speed drills and refrigeration were slightly better. Research works using pigs as an animal model are perfectly viable.

  3. APLICACION DE DISTRACCION OSTEOGENICA EN REBORDES ALVEOLARES ATROFICOS: ANALISIS DE SU EFECTIVIDAD Y ESTABILIDAD Ostheogenic distraction in patients with alveolar dent atrophy: Analysis of its effectiveness and stability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadonim Vila Morales

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available La colocación de implantes dentales osteointegrados y la retención de las prótesis estomatológicas convencionales de acrílico es un grave problema en pacientes con reborde alveolar atrófico. La distracción osteogénica ofrece en la actualidad una solución potencial ante la severa pérdida de tejido óseo alveolar. Este estudio tuvo el propósito de evaluar en nuestro medio la Efectividad y Estabilidad de la osteogénesis alveolar. Se realizó un ensayo clínico Fase II. Fueron tratados 5 pacientes con atrofia del reborde alveolar mandibular o maxilar con distractores alveolares intraorales producidos por Walter Lorenz Surgical, Inc, (ROTT-NELSON-1713-06-04 para inducir osteogénesis. Los pacientes fueron atendidos de forma ambulatoria. El período de latencia fue de 5 días, la tasa de distracción de 1mm diario y el período de contención de 4 semanas . La efectividad de la distracción aplicada fue 76.3% y la estabilidad de 92.0 %. La media de la distracción total obtenida fue 7,25 mm. La Distracción osteogénica resultó ser un método eficaz para lograr incremento de la cresta alveolar en pacientes que presentaron atrofias previas.The bone integrated dental implants placement and the conventional acrylic estomatological prosthesis is a serious problem in patients with an atrophic alveolar edge. Ostheogenic distraction currently offers a potential solution to the severe loss of alveolar bone tissue. This study had the purpose of evaluate the effectiveness and stability of alveolar ostheogenesis. A Clinical Trial Phase II was conducted. Five patients with an atrophy of the jaw bone or maxillary alveolar edges were treated with intraoral alveolar distracters produced by Walter Lorenz Surgical Inc.(Rott-Nelson-1703-06-04 to induce ostheogenesis. They were all out patients. The latency period was of 1 mm/day and the contention period of 4 weeks. The effectiveness of the applied distraction was of a 76.3% and the stability of a 92.0%. The average of the total distraction obtained was of 7,25 mm. Ostheogenic distraction was an efficacious method to achieve the alveolar dent in patients with previous atrophy.

  4. APLICACION DE DISTRACCION OSTEOGENICA EN REBORDES ALVEOLARES ATROFICOS: ANALISIS DE SU EFECTIVIDAD Y ESTABILIDAD / Ostheogenic distraction in patients with alveolar dent atrophy: Analysis of its effectiveness and stability

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dadonim, Vila Morales; María Elena, Regalado Barreda; Angel Mario, Felipe Garmendía.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available La colocación de implantes dentales osteointegrados y la retención de las prótesis estomatológicas convencionales de acrílico es un grave problema en pacientes con reborde alveolar atrófico. La distracción osteogénica ofrece en la actualidad una solución potencial ante la severa pérdida de tejido ós [...] eo alveolar. Este estudio tuvo el propósito de evaluar en nuestro medio la Efectividad y Estabilidad de la osteogénesis alveolar. Se realizó un ensayo clínico Fase II. Fueron tratados 5 pacientes con atrofia del reborde alveolar mandibular o maxilar con distractores alveolares intraorales producidos por Walter Lorenz Surgical, Inc, (ROTT-NELSON-1713-06-04) para inducir osteogénesis. Los pacientes fueron atendidos de forma ambulatoria. El período de latencia fue de 5 días, la tasa de distracción de 1mm diario y el período de contención de 4 semanas . La efectividad de la distracción aplicada fue 76.3% y la estabilidad de 92.0 %. La media de la distracción total obtenida fue 7,25 mm. La Distracción osteogénica resultó ser un método eficaz para lograr incremento de la cresta alveolar en pacientes que presentaron atrofias previas. Abstract in english The bone integrated dental implants placement and the conventional acrylic estomatological prosthesis is a serious problem in patients with an atrophic alveolar edge. Ostheogenic distraction currently offers a potential solution to the severe loss of alveolar bone tissue. This study had the purpose [...] of evaluate the effectiveness and stability of alveolar ostheogenesis. A Clinical Trial Phase II was conducted. Five patients with an atrophy of the jaw bone or maxillary alveolar edges were treated with intraoral alveolar distracters produced by Walter Lorenz Surgical Inc.(Rott-Nelson-1703-06-04) to induce ostheogenesis. They were all out patients. The latency period was of 1 mm/day and the contention period of 4 weeks. The effectiveness of the applied distraction was of a 76.3% and the stability of a 92.0%. The average of the total distraction obtained was of 7,25 mm. Ostheogenic distraction was an efficacious method to achieve the alveolar dent in patients with previous atrophy.

  5. Anestesia para lavagem pulmonar em paciente pediátrico portador de proteinose alveolar pulmonar Anestesia para el lavado pulmonar en paciente pediátrico portador de proteinosis alveolar pulmonar Anesthesia for lung lavage in pediatric patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis

    OpenAIRE

    Breno Monteiro Gonçalves; Vera Coelho Teixeira; Paulo Fernando Souto Bittencourt

    2012-01-01

    JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A proteinose alveolar pulmonar (PAP) é um transtorno raro, descrito inicialmente em 1958. A lavagem pulmonar total (LPT), proposta na década de 1960 ainda é o tratamento de escolha. Diversas técnicas foram descritas para realizar a lavagem pulmonar em pediatria, no entanto, todas apresentam limitações e riscos. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente de 6 anos e 8 meses, sexo feminino, 25 kg com o diagnóstico de proteinoise alveolar pulmonar submetida a lavagem pulmonar tot...

  6. Changes in markers of bone formation and resorption in a bed rest model of weightlessness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lueken, S. A.; Arnaud, S. B.; Taylor, A. K.; Baylink, D. J.

    1993-01-01

    To study the mechanism of bone loss in physical unloading, we examined indices of bone formation and bone resorption in the serum and urine of eight healthy men during a 7 day -6 degrees head-down tilt bed rest. Prompt increases in markers of resorption--pyridinoline (PD), deoxypyridinoline (DPD), and hydroxyproline (Hyp)/g creatinine--during the first few days of inactivity were paralleled by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) with significant increases in all these markers by day 4 of bed rest. An index of formation, skeletal alkaline phosphatase (SALP), did not change during bed rest and showed a moderate 15% increase 1 week after reambulation. In contrast to SALP, serum osteocalcin (OC) began increasing the day preceding the increase in Hyp, remained elevated for the duration of the bed rest, and returned to pre-bed rest values within 5 days of reambulation. Similarly, DPD increased significantly at the onset of bed rest, remained elevated for the duration of bed rest, and returned to pre-bed rest levels upon reambulation. On the other hand, the other three indices of resorption, Hyp, PD, and TRAP, remained elevated for 2 weeks after reambulation. The most sensitive indices of the levels of physical activity proved to be the noncollagenous protein, OC, and the collagen crosslinker, DPD. The bed rest values of both these markers were significantly elevated compared to both the pre-bed rest values and the post-bed rest values. The sequence of changes in the circulating markers of bone metabolism indicated that increases in serum OC are the earliest responses of bone to head-down tilt bed rest.

  7. Notch signaling induces root resorption via RANKL and IL-6 from hPDL cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kikuta, J; Yamaguchi, M; Shimizu, M; Yoshino, T; Kasai, K

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we first investigated the expressions of Jagged1, Notch2, the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa?B ligand (RANKL), and interleukin (IL)-6 in areas of root resorption during experimental tooth movement in rats in vivo. We then assessed the effects of compression force (CF) with or without GSI (an inhibitor of Notch signaling) on Jagged1, RANKL, and IL-6 release from human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells. Twelve male 6-wk-old Wistar rats were subjected to an orthodontic force of 50?g to induce mesially tipping movement of the upper first molars for 7?d. The expression levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, Jagged1, Notch2, IL-6, and RANKL proteins in the dental root were determined using an immunohistochemical analysis. Furthermore, the effects of the CF on Jagged1, IL-6, and RANKL production were investigated using hPDL cells in vitro. The effects of the cell-conditioned medium obtained from the hPDL cells subjected to CF (CFM) and Jagged 1 on osteoclastogenesis of human osteoclast precursor cells (hOCPs) were also investigated. Under the conditions of experimental tooth movement in vivo, resorption lacunae with multinucleated cells were observed in the 50 g group. In addition, immunoreactivity for Jagged1, Notch2, IL-6, and RANKL was detected on day 7 in the PDL tissue subjected to the orthodontic force. In the in vitro study, the compression force increased the production of Jagged1, IL-6, and RANKL from the hPDL cells, whereas treatment with GSI inhibited the production of these factors in vitro. The osteoclastogenesis increased with the CFM and rhJagged1, and the increase in the osteoclastogenesis was almost inhibited by GSI. These results suggest that the Notch signaling response to excessive orthodontic forces stimulates the process of root resorption via RANKL and IL-6 production from hPDL cells. PMID:25376720

  8. Accuracy of Digital Subtraction Radiography in detection of artificial external root resorption (in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Ghafari

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: External root resorption refers to the loss of cementum and/or dentin from the rootof the teeth. 40% mineral loss occur in conventional radiographies but digital subtractionradiography is capable of localizing a lesion with only 1-5% mineral loss. This in vitro study aimedto determine the accuracy of digital subtraction radiography in diagnosis of simulated external rootresorption.Methods and Materials: Ten premolar teeth with clinically intact roots were used were fixed insuitable place between the X-ray tube and CCD sensor. Direct digital radiographs were obtainedbefore and after each lesion was created by 1/2, 1, 2, 4 and 6 round dental burs at facial andproximal surfaces; then digital subtraction images were obtained and observers evaluated all of theimages and sensitivity and specificity and accuracy were calculated. Results were compared by J2test.Results: The sensitivity of digital subtraction and direct digital methods in detecting proximaldefects were 97.34% and 93.92% respectively (p value = 0.16. The sensitivity of digital subtractionand direct digital radiography in facial surfaces were 98% and 92.6% respectively (p value =0.03. The specificity of direct digital and subtraction methods in proximal surfaces were 91.92%and 96.52% (p value = 0.08 and in facial surfaces were 91.92% and 99.26% respectively (p value= 0.002. The accuracy of digital subtraction radiography in detecting facial lesion wassignificantly superior to direct digital radiography.Conclusion: Digital subtraction radiography was superior to direct digital radiography indetecting small external root resorptive defects.Key words: External root resorption, Digital subtraction radiography, Direct digital radiography

  9. 27 CFR 9.182 - Ribbon Ridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ribbon Ridge. 9.182 Section 9.182 Alcohol...Viticultural Areas § 9.182 Ribbon Ridge. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural...described in this section is “Ribbon Ridge.” (b) Approved Maps. The...

  10. 27 CFR 9.158 - Mendocino Ridge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mendocino Ridge. 9.158 Section 9.158 Alcohol...Viticultural Areas § 9.158 Mendocino Ridge. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural...described in this section is “Mendocino Ridge.” (b) Approved maps. The...

  11. Injerto de tejido conectivo subpediculado con utilización de hidroxiapatita para aumento de reborde alveolar: reporte de un caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José Díaz Caballero

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa reconstrucción quirúrgica de rebordes atrofiados mediante injertos de tejido conectivo y la hidroxiapatita es una opción que permite la fijación de los implantes de manera estética y funcional, ofrece un resultado previsible con bajas tasas de morbilidad y una ganancia notable de tejido óseo y tejidos blandos, gracias a su alta biocompatibilidad, alta capacidad de regeneración del tejido, una perfecta integración y elevados resultados, bajo riesgo de infección y ausencia de signos de rechazo. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con una pérdida ósea marcada en la zona anterior del maxilar, secundaria a procesos inflamatorios periodontales con la posterior pérdida de órganos dentarios prematuros, lo que conlleva a una perdida ósea. Se le realizó la cirugía tomando porciones de tejido conectivo donadas por el mismo paciente con la posterior utilización de hidroxiapatita porosa en la zona receptora para así lograr el aumento del reborde que se encontraba atrófico.Se constatan buenos resultados como respuesta biológica al material y al procedimiento, con una adecuada respuesta clínica y radiográfica, por lo que se recomienda el uso de este material en el tratamiento de defectos óseos bucofaciales por su biocompatibilidad, debido a su similitud con el hueso. Considerando así que se abren nuevos horizontes con la utilización de este material en este tipo de afección. (Duazary 2008; 1: 48 - 55AbstractSurgical reconstruction of atrophies residual ridges by use of connective tissue grafts plus hydroxyapatite is an option that allows the implant fixation in an esthetic and functional manner, offers a predictable outcome with low rates of morbidity and a remarkable gain of bone and soft tissue, Thanks to its high biocompatibility, high capacity for regeneration of tissue, a perfect integration and high performance, low risk of infection and the absence of signs of rejection. In this paper we present the case of a patient with marked bone loss in the anterior maxillary secondary to periodontal inflammatory processes with the subsequent loss of teeth premature organs, which leads to a loss of bone. It underwent surgery taking pieces of connective tissue donated by the same patient with the subsequent use of porous hydroxyapatite in the receiving area, thus increasing the roll which was atrophic. Furthermore, a successful response to biological materials and procedure, with an adequate clinical and radiographic response, it is recommended to use this material in the treatment of bone defects in vestibular aspects for its biocompatibility, because of its similarity to the bone. Whereas that open new horizons with the use of this material in this kind of condition.Keywords: Alveolar atrophy; connective tissue graft; Hydroxyapatite; alveolar ridge augmentation.

  12. Nitrogen and phosphorus resorption in a salt marsh in northern Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    C?akir, Yasemin Bedi?rkurum; O?zbucak, Tug?ba; Kutbay, Hamdi Gu?ray; Kilic?, Duygu; Bi?lgi?n, Ali; Hu?seyi?nova, Rena

    2010-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate foliar nitrogen and phosphorus dynamics, nitrogen and phosphorus resorption, and some leaf traits (i.e. SLA=specific leaf area) in some coastal salt marsh plants located in northern Turkey. The study area is located on the east bank of the K?z?l?rmak River in the central Black Sea Region. There were statistically significant differences among months (from June to October) in terms of SLA in all species except for Artemisia santonicum. However, no sig...

  13. External cervical resorption associated with the use of bisphosphonates: a case series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Shanon; Saberi, Navid

    2015-05-01

    Although the pathogenesis and etiology of external cervical resorption (ECR) are not well understood, several predisposing factors have been reported to potentially contribute toward the initiation of ECR. However, a potential link between systemic medication and ECR has not been reported. Bisphosphonates (BSPs) are 1 group of these medications (the amino-containing BSP), which are associated with an acute-phase response and the release of proinflammatory cytokines, which could be associated with the initiation of ECR. Therefore, a possible causal link between BSPs and ECR could be drawn. PMID:25796364

  14. Apical root resorption caused by orthodontic forces: A brief review and a long-term observation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topkara, Ahu; Karaman, Ali I; Kau, Chung H

    2012-10-01

    External apical root resorption (ARR) is a common iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. One of the aims of this article is to present a brief overview of the literature, including; diagnosis and etiology, with emphasis on orthodontic forces to facilitate an understand of the prevention or management of ARR in orthodontic patients. We also present a long-term follow-up observation of severe ARR, including the last obtained cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) records, to demonstrate the effect of orthodontic forces on ARR. PMID:23077427

  15. External resorption presenting as an intracoronal radiolucent lesion in a pre-eruptive tooth.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McNamara, C M

    1997-09-01

    A large intracoronal radiolucent lesion in an unerupted permanent molar was found during the routine assessment of a young male Caucasian prior to orthodontic treatment. The tooth was extracted. Histological examination indicated the lesion was caused by external resorption. The defect extended widely into the enamel and dentine, and was repaired in part by bone. The pulp chamber was not involved. The aetiology of these lesions is often obscure but in this case it appeared to have originated in the floor of two developmental pits on the occlusal surface of the tooth.

  16. Mid-Ocean Ridge Spreading

    Science.gov (United States)

    COSI

    2009-01-01

    In this earth science activity (page 14 of the PDF), learners use layers of closed-cell foam to create their own model of the mid-ocean ridge in order to simulate seafloor spreading. Although this was created as a post-visit activity for a workshop about earth processes, it also makes an excellent stand alone activity.

  17. Mid-Ocean Ridge Observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamie Levine

    Students work in partners during class to make observations about the East Pacific Rise and Mid-Atlantic Ridge from Google Earth images. They also examine samples of typical oceanic crust and upper mantle and use relative density to predict the appropriate rock sequence.

  18. O conceito de reabsorções dentárias ou As reabsorções dentárias não são multifatoriais, nem complexas, controvertidas ou polêmicas! / The concept of root resorptions: root resorptions are not multifactorial, complex, controversial or polemical!

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto, Consolaro.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Os mecanismos das reabsorções dentárias são conhecidos e suas causas bem definidas. Clinicamente são assintomáticas e não induzem alterações pulpares, periapicais e periodontais, sendo geralmente consequências delas. As reabsorções dentárias são alterações locais e adquiridas e não representam manif [...] estações dentárias de doenças sistêmicas. As reabsorções dentárias ocorrem quando as estruturas de proteção dos dentes em relação à remodelação óssea são eliminados, especialmente os cementoblastos e restos epiteliais de Malassez. Abstract in english The mechanisms of root resorptions are known, and their causes are well defined. They are clinically asymptomatic and do not induce pulp, periapical or periodontal changes; rather, they are usually consequences of these phenomena. Root resorptions are local and acquired defects, and not dental signs [...] of systemic diseases. Root resorptions occur when structures that protect teeth from bone remodeling, particularly cementoblasts and epithelial rests of Malassez, are eliminated.

  19. Enhanced rifampicin delivery to alveolar macrophages by solid lipid nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study aimed at developing a drug delivery system targeting the densest site of tuberculosis infection, the alveolar macrophages (AMs). Rifampicin (RFP)-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (RFP-SLNs) with an average size of 829.6 ± 16.1 nm were prepared by a modified lipid film hydration method. The cytotoxicity of RFP-SLNs to AMs and alveolar epithelial type II cells (AECs) was examined using MTT assays. The viability of AMs and AECs was above 80 % after treatment with RFP-SLNs, which showed low toxicity to both AMs and AECs. Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy was employed to observe the interaction between RFP-SLNs and both AMs and AECs. After incubating the cells with RFP-SLNs for 2 h, the fluorescent intensity in AMs was more and remained longer (from 0.5 to 12 h) when compared with that in AECs (from 0.5 to 8 h). In vitro uptake characteristics of RFP-SLNs in AMs and AECs were also investigated by detection of intracellular RFP by High performance liquid chromatography. Results showed that RFP-SLNs delivered markedly higher RFP into AMs (691.7 ng/mg in cultured AMs, 662.6 ng/mg in primary AMs) than that into AECs (319.2 ng/mg in cultured AECs, 287.2 ng/mg in primary AECs). Subsequently, in vivo delivery efficiency and the selectivity of RFP-SLNs were further verified in Sprague–Dawley rats. Under pulmonary administration of RFP-SLNs, the amount of RFP in AMs was significantly higher than that in AECs at each time point. Our results demonstrated that sopoint. Our results demonstrated that solid lipid nanoparticles are a promising strategy for the delivery of rifampicin to alveolar macrophages selectively.

  20. Anesthetic technique for inferior alveolar nerve block: a new approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dafna Geller Palti

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Effective pain control in Dentistry may be achieved by local anesthetic techniques. The success of the anesthetic technique in mandibular structures depends on the proximity of the needle tip to the mandibular foramen at the moment of anesthetic injection into the pterygomandibular region. Two techniques are available to reach the inferior alveolar nerve where it enters the mandibular canal, namely indirect and direct; these techniques differ in the number of movements required. Data demonstrate that the indirect technique is considered ineffective in 15% of cases and the direct technique in 13-29% of cases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe an alternative technique for inferior alveolar nerve block using several anatomical points for reference, simplifying the procedure and enabling greater success and a more rapid learning curve. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 193 mandibles (146 with permanent dentition and 47 with primary dentition from dry skulls were used to establish a relationship between the teeth and the mandibular foramen. By using two wires, the first passing through the mesiobuccal groove and middle point of the mesial slope of the distolingual cusp of the primary second molar or permanent first molar (right side, and the second following the oclusal plane (left side, a line can be achieved whose projection coincides with the left mandibular foramen. RESULTS: The obtained data showed correlation in 82.88% of cases using the permanent first molar, and in 93.62% of cases using the primary second molar. CONCLUSION: This method is potentially effective for inferior alveolar nerve block, especially in Pediatric Dentistry.

  1. Anesthetic technique for inferior alveolar nerve block: a new approach

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Dafna Geller, Palti; Cristiane Machado de, Almeida; Antonio de Castro, Rodrigues; Jesus Carlos, Andreo; José Eduardo Oliveira, Lima.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Effective pain control in Dentistry may be achieved by local anesthetic techniques. The success of the anesthetic technique in mandibular structures depends on the proximity of the needle tip to the mandibular foramen at the moment of anesthetic injection into the pterygomandibular regio [...] n. Two techniques are available to reach the inferior alveolar nerve where it enters the mandibular canal, namely indirect and direct; these techniques differ in the number of movements required. Data demonstrate that the indirect technique is considered ineffective in 15% of cases and the direct technique in 13-29% of cases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe an alternative technique for inferior alveolar nerve block using several anatomical points for reference, simplifying the procedure and enabling greater success and a more rapid learning curve. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 193 mandibles (146 with permanent dentition and 47 with primary dentition) from dry skulls were used to establish a relationship between the teeth and the mandibular foramen. By using two wires, the first passing through the mesiobuccal groove and middle point of the mesial slope of the distolingual cusp of the primary second molar or permanent first molar (right side), and the second following the oclusal plane (left side), a line can be achieved whose projection coincides with the left mandibular foramen. RESULTS: The obtained data showed correlation in 82.88% of cases using the permanent first molar, and in 93.62% of cases using the primary second molar. CONCLUSION: This method is potentially effective for inferior alveolar nerve block, especially in Pediatric Dentistry.

  2. Enhanced rifampicin delivery to alveolar macrophages by solid lipid nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chuan Junlan [West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System, Ministry of Education (China); Li Yanzhen [Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, State Key Laboratory of Drug Delivery Technology and Pharmacokinetics (China); Yang Likai; Sun Xun [West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System, Ministry of Education (China); Zhang Qiang [Peking University, State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences (China); Gong Tao, E-mail: gongtaoy@126.com; Zhang Zhirong, E-mail: zrzzl@vip.sina.com [West China School of Pharmacy, Sichuan University, Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Drug Delivery System, Ministry of Education (China)

    2013-05-15

    The present study aimed at developing a drug delivery system targeting the densest site of tuberculosis infection, the alveolar macrophages (AMs). Rifampicin (RFP)-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (RFP-SLNs) with an average size of 829.6 {+-} 16.1 nm were prepared by a modified lipid film hydration method. The cytotoxicity of RFP-SLNs to AMs and alveolar epithelial type II cells (AECs) was examined using MTT assays. The viability of AMs and AECs was above 80 % after treatment with RFP-SLNs, which showed low toxicity to both AMs and AECs. Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy was employed to observe the interaction between RFP-SLNs and both AMs and AECs. After incubating the cells with RFP-SLNs for 2 h, the fluorescent intensity in AMs was more and remained longer (from 0.5 to 12 h) when compared with that in AECs (from 0.5 to 8 h). In vitro uptake characteristics of RFP-SLNs in AMs and AECs were also investigated by detection of intracellular RFP by High performance liquid chromatography. Results showed that RFP-SLNs delivered markedly higher RFP into AMs (691.7 ng/mg in cultured AMs, 662.6 ng/mg in primary AMs) than that into AECs (319.2 ng/mg in cultured AECs, 287.2 ng/mg in primary AECs). Subsequently, in vivo delivery efficiency and the selectivity of RFP-SLNs were further verified in Sprague-Dawley rats. Under pulmonary administration of RFP-SLNs, the amount of RFP in AMs was significantly higher than that in AECs at each time point. Our results demonstrated that solid lipid nanoparticles are a promising strategy for the delivery of rifampicin to alveolar macrophages selectively.

  3. Influence of bisphosphonates on alveolar bone density: a histomorphometric analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Milton, Santamaria Júnior; Ana Carolina Cuzzuol, Fracalossi; Maria Fernanda Martins Ortiz, Consolaro; Alberto, Consolaro.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This study is a histomorphometrical analysis of the influence of the bisphosphonate alendronate on alveolar bone density. Eighteen male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 9) that received no medication and an experimental group (n = 9) that received oral alendronate (1 mg/kg) [...] from birth until euthanization at 3 months of age. Semi-serial 4-µm-thick transverse sections were obtained from the region between the roots of the left maxillary first molar, stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and examined with a Zeiss Axioskop II optical microscope for histomorphometric analysis. The images were captured with a digital camera coupled with the microscope and connected to a computer, and were analyzed using Image J 1.34s image-analysis software. A 1,200-point grid was positioned onto each digitized image. The number of intersection points of grid lines in the bone tissue was counted. The ratio between the number of points in the bone tissue and the total number of points of the grid (1,200) was used to determine the bone density of the analyzed tissue. Data from the control and experimental groups were compared and analyzed statistically by the Student's t-test (p = 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.3754) in the alveolar bone density between the control and alendronate-treated animals. It may be concluded that the bisphosphonate alendronate did not alter the morphology of the alveolar bone, maintaining its structural tissue characteristics in healthy animals.

  4. Mosaic of Europa's Ridges, Craters

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    This view of the icy surface of Jupiter's moon, Europa, is a mosaic of two pictures taken by the Solid State Imaging system on board the Galileo spacecraft during a close flyby of Europa on February 20, 1997. The pictures were taken from a distance of 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles). The area shown is about 14 kilometers by 17 kilometers (8.7 miles by 10.6 miles), and has a resolution of 20 meters (22 yards) per pixel. Illumination is from the right (east). The picture is centered at about 14.8 north latitude, 273.8 west longitude, in Europa's trailing hemisphere.One of the youngest features seen in this area is the double ridge cutting across the picture from the lower left to the upper right. This double ridge is about 2.6 kilometers (1.6 miles) wide and stands some 300 meters (330 yards) high. Small craters are most easily seen in the smooth deposits along the south margin of the prominent double ridge, and in the rugged ridged terrain farther south. The complexly ridged terrain seen here shows that parts of the icy crust of Europa have been modified by intense faulting and disruption, driven by energy from the planet's interior.The Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, manages the mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington D.C. This image and other images and data received from Galileo are posted on the World Wide Web Galileo mission home page at: http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov.

  5. La resorción como proceso inflamatorio: Aproximación a la patogenia de las resorciones dentaria y periodontal / Resorption as an inflammatory process: An approach to the pathogenesis of dental and periodontal resorption

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Guillermo, Del Nero-Viera.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Se considera aquí a la resorción (inflamación) y a la reparación como dos fases de un conjunto: 1º) la fase de resorción, catabólica o destructiva y 2º) la fase reparativa, anabólica o de síntesis. La similitud de los agentes agresores, de las citocinas intermediarias y de las formas de reparación p [...] ermiten pensar que las resorciones dentarias y óseas de causa local son fenómenos inflamatorio-reparativos asentados sobre tejidos mineralizados. Se justifica este concepto unificador de las patogenias de la resorción y de la inflamación. Se recuerdan, a la luz de los conocimientos clásicos, los agentes agresores (las etiologías) y los fundamentos sobre el origen, desarrollo, grupos celulares y factores humorales que regulan las inflamaciones y las resorciones (la patogenia). Se analizan los últimos hallazgos que explican el por qué y el cómo las células blásticas (osteoblastos y odontoblastos), a través del sistema autocrino-paracrino RANK-RANKL-OPG, son imprescindibles en los procesos de clastogénesis y de resorción-reparación dentaria y periodontal de causa local. Abstract in english Resorption (inflammation) and repair are considered two phases of a whole: 1) the resorptive, catabolic or destructive phase and 2) the repairing, anabolic or synthesis phase. The similarity of the aggressive agents, intermediating cytokines and the restorative forms allows us think that dental and [...] bone resorptions of local origin are inflammatoryrepairing processes located in mineralised tissues. This unifying concept is justified by the resorption and inflammation pathogenesis. The aggressive agents (the aetiologies), the basics about the origins, development, cell groups and humoral factors that regulate inflammations and resorptions (the pathogenesis) are reviewed based on classical knowledge. Recent findings that explain why and how blast cells (osteoblasts and odontoblasts), through the RANK-RANKL-OPG autocrine-paracrine system are essential in the clastogenesis and the dental and periodontal resorption-repairing processes of local origin are analysed.

  6. Laccase Protects Cryptococcus neoformans from Antifungal Activity of Alveolar Macrophages

    OpenAIRE

    LIU, LIDE; Tewari, Ram P.; Williamson, Peter R.

    1999-01-01

    While laccase of Cryptococcus neoformans is implicated in the virulence of the organism, our recent studies showing absence of melanin in the infected mouse brain has led us to a search for alternative roles for laccase in cryptococcosis. We investigated the role of laccase in protection of C. neoformans against murine alveolar macrophage (AM)-mediated antifungal activity by using a pair of congenic laccase-positive (2E-TUC) and laccase-deficient (2E-TU) strains. The laccase-positive cells wi...

  7. Pterins inhibit nitric oxide synthase activity in rat alveolar macrophages.

    OpenAIRE

    Jorens, P. G.; Overveld, F. J.; Bult, H.; Vermeire, P. A.; Herman, A. G.

    1992-01-01

    1. The synthesis of nitrite and citrulline from L-arginine by immune-stimulated rat alveolar macrophages and the modulation of this synthesis were studied. 2,4-Diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine (DAHP), 6R-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-L-biopterin (BH4) and L-sepiapterin were potent inhibitors of the recombinant interferon-gamma induced production of nitrogen oxides in intact cultured cells with I50 values for BH4 and L-sepiapterin of approximately 10 microM. They were equally effective in inhibiting the induc...

  8. Sex Determination from Fingerprint Ridge Density

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Sudesh Gungadin

    2007-01-01

    This study was conducted with an aim to establish a relationship between sex and fingerprint ridge density. The fingerprints were taken from 500 subjects (250 males and 250 females) in the age group of 18-60 years. After taking fingerprints, the ridges were counted in the upper portion of the radial border of each print for all ten fingers and mean value was calculated. The results have shown that a finger print ridge of < 13 ridges/25 mm2 is more likely of male origin and finger print ridge ...

  9. Reconstrucción de proceso alveolar maxilar con injerto autólogo de cresta iliaca / Reconstruction of maxillary alveolar process with iliac crest autologous graft

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jorge, Pérez Villaseñor; David, Villanueva Jurado.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El caso clínico que se muestra ejemplifica la conjunción de múltiples técnicas quirúrgicas con el objetivo de rehabilitar protésicamente a un paciente desdentado, para el tratamiento del maxilar superior atrófico con injerto autólogo de cresta iliaca anterior tipo onlay. Se trata de paciente del sex [...] o femenino de 60 años de edad, la cual presenta un proceso alveolar atrófico tipo IV de Cawood y Howell, por lo que se realiza la conservación y reconstrucción de proceso alveolar con injerto autólogo de cresta iliaca. Abstract in english The clinical case presented in this article illustrates the combination of multiple surgical techniques geared to the prosthetic rehabilitation of an edentulous patient for the treatment of an atrophic upper jaw with an onlay type iliac crest autologous graft. Treated patient was a 60 year old femal [...] e presenting a type IV Cawood and Howell atrophic alveolar process. Therefore, treatment conducted was reconstruction of the alveolar process with an iliac crest autologous graft.

  10. Rare case report of Traumatic neuroma of anterior superior alveolar nerve associated with high frenal attachment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ananthaneni, Anuradha; Srilekha, Namala; Guduru, Vijay Srinivas; Kiresur, Mohammad Asif

    2015-01-01

    We present an incredible case of traumatic neuroma (TN) in the anterior superior alveolar nerve leading to the swelling in the upper labial mucosa. This paper attempts to highlight the rarity of site of occurrence of this lesion and reports the first case of TN of anterior superior alveolar nerve. PMID:25972959

  11. Alveolar macrophages lack CCR2 expression and do not migrate to CCL2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hunter Melissa G

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The recruitment of mononuclear cells has important implications for tissue inflammation. Previous studies demonstrated enhanced CCR1 and CCR5 expression and decreased CCR2 expression during in vitro monocyte to macrophage differentiation. To date, no study examined the in vivo differences in chemokine receptor expression between human peripheral blood monocytes and alveolar macrophages. Methods We examined the expression of these receptors in human peripheral blood monocytes and alveolar macrophages using microarray analysis, reverse-transcriptase PCR, flow cytometry and migration analyses. Results In contrast to peripheral blood monocytes, alveolar macrophages did not express the CCL2 receptor, CCR2, and did not migrate toward CCL2. In contrast, monocytes and freshly isolated resident alveolar macrophages both migrated towards CCL3. However, up to 6-fold more monocytes migrated toward equivalent concentrations of CCL3 than did alveolar macrophages from the same donor. While peripheral blood monocytes expressed the CCL3 receptor, CCR1, alveolar macrophages expressed the alternate CCL3 receptor, CCR5. The addition of anti-CCR5 blocking antibodies completely abrogated CCL3-induced migration in alveolar macrophages, but did not affect the migration of peripheral blood monocytes. Conclusion These data support the specificity of CCL2 to selectively drive monocyte, but not alveolar macrophage recruitment to the lung and CCR5 as the primary macrophage receptor for CCL3.

  12. Metastatic Alveolar Soft-Part Sarcoma of the Intracranial Skull Base: Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, David B.; Jones, David M.; Fergus, Allan H.; Qian, Jiang; Schwartz, Marc S.

    2002-01-01

    A patient with an intracranial skull base alveolar soft-part sarcoma, thought on preoperative imaging to be a meningioma, is presented. The mass was removed and identified by pathological evaluation to be an alveolar soft-part sarcoma. Postoperative investigation revealed widespread systemic disease. The histologic and clinical characteristics of this unusual tumor and the implications for prognosis and treatment are discussed.

  13. Bilateral severe root resorption associated with impacted maxillary canines: details on diagnosis and treatment plan – A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annarosa Scapini

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Maxillary canines are the second most frequently impacted teeth in the dental arch. Root resorptions are often found in teeth adjacent to an impacted maxillary canine (IMC and may potentially lead to tooth loss. The treatment is often complicated when diagnosis is established at a later stage. Computed tomography (CT has been proven to be superior in determining the presence and degree of root resorption in teeth adjacent to IMC to support treatment plans and clinical decisions. This report describes the case of a patient with bilaterally impacted maxillary canines associated with severe root resorption of the right fi rst premolar and the left lateral incisor and focuses on the importance of CT imaging for diagnosis and treatment plan.

  14. DA-Raf–dependent inhibition of the Ras-ERK signaling pathway in type 2 alveolar epithelial cells controls alveolar formation

    OpenAIRE

    Watanabe-Takano, Haruko; Takano, Kazunori; Sakamoto, Akemi; Matsumoto, Kenji; Tokuhisa, Takeshi; Endo, Takeshi; Hatano, Masahiko

    2014-01-01

    Alveoli participating in gas exchange are essential for maintaining life in air-breathing vertebrates. In developing lungs, alveolar myofibroblasts (AMYFs) cause morphological changes of interalveolar walls and consequently generate alveoli. Although the Ras-ERK signaling pathway is known to regulate alveolar formation, the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying its role remain largely obscure. Here, we clarified a critical role of DA-Raf1 (DA-Raf)—a dominant-negative antagonist of the ...

  15. Efecto de la Terapia láser de Baja Potencia sobre el Hueso Alveolar Dañado The Low Level Laser Therapy Effect on Alveolar Bone Damaged

    OpenAIRE

    María José Landaeta Bendezú; Iván Claudio Suazo Galdames; Mario Cantín López; Ignacio Javier Roa Henriquez; Daniela Alejandra Zavando Matamata

    2008-01-01

    La terapia con láser de baj a potencia ha demostrado tener propiedades analgésicas antiinflamatorias, bioestimulantes y promotoras de la respuesta tisular al daño. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar el efecto que el láser de baja potencia tiene sobre el hueso alveolar dañado. Se utilizaros 13 ratas Sprage Dawley, en las cuales se realizó una lesión estandarizada del hueso alveolar, posterior a lo cual una muestra aleatoria de 7 ratas fue sometida a un protocolo de irradiación de 6 J/...

  16. Retinoic acid promotes primary fetal alveolar epithelial type II cell proliferation and differentiation to alveolar epithelial type I cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Rui-Wei; Kong, Xiang-Yong; Zhu, Xiao-Xi; Zhu, Guo-Qing; Ma, Jin-Shuai; Liu, Xiu-Xiang

    2015-05-01

    Retinoic acid (RA) plays an important role in lung development and maturation. Many stimuli can induce alveolar epithelial cell damage which will result in the injury of lung parenchyma. The aim of this study was to observe the effect of RA on the proliferation and differentiation of primary fetal alveolar epithelial type II cells (fAECIIs). Primary fAECIIs were isolated from fetal rats at 19 d of gestation and purified by a differential centrifugation and adhesion method. The cells were randomly divided into control (dimethyl sulfoxide, DMSO) and RA groups. Cell proliferation, viability, apoptosis, cycle, and expression of target protein were examined at 24, 48, and 72 h. We found that the proliferation and viability of cells in the RA-exposed group significantly increased compared with the DMSO control group. The proportion (%) of cells in the G2 and S phases in the RA group was significantly higher than that in control group cells. The proportion (%) of both early apoptotic cells and late apoptotic cells decreased significantly in cells exposed to RA compared with cells exposed to DMSO. RA significantly enhanced the expression of aquaporin 5 (AQP5). The expression level of pulmonary surfactant C (SPC) was elevated after cells were exposed to RA for 24 and 72 h but was inhibited when cells were exposed to RA for 48 h. These results suggest that RA promotes fAECII proliferation by improving cell viability, promoting S phase entry and inhibiting apoptosis and RA promotes fAECIIs differentiation to alveolar epithelial type I cells (AECIs). PMID:25515249

  17. O primeiro estudo sobre hereditariedade relacionada com as reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia: uma análise crítica do trabalho de Newman The first study about heredity related to dental resorptions in Orthodontics: a critical analysis of Newman´s work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Consolaro

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Na literatura pertinente à relação entre reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia e hereditariedade destacam-se quatro artigos: Newman21, Harris, Kineret, Tolley16, Al-Qawasmi et al.¹ e de Al-Qawasmi et al². O trabalho de Newman21 possui o mérito do pioneirismo, mas apesar disto não conseguiu provar ou mostrar fortes evidências da relação entre reabsorções dentárias e hereditariedade. As falhas metodológicas e o pequeno número de gerações e famílias pesquisadas não permitiram afirmações conclusivas, como reconhece explicitamente o próprio autor. A principal falha está na amostra, constituída por raízes curtas sem preocupar-se com a causa das mesmas, incluindo-se raízes curtas próprias do desenvolvimento dentário. Também não houve critério definido para diagnosticar o que é uma raiz curta, foi um critério muito subjetivo. No final nota-se um pequeno número de famílias e gerações, pois foram analisados pais e filhos em apenas 17 heredogramas. Durante o trabalho não houve preocupação com a padronização do tipo de discrepâncias faciais e dentárias, do tipo de má oclusão, da morfologia radicular ou da crista óssea, do tipo de diagnóstico e plano de tratamento, nem tampouco da técnica e dos operadores dos tratamentos ortodônticos. No final considerou-se como causa de maior reabsorção de dentes com raízes curtas, após o tratamento ortodôntico, um potencial de reabsorção ao qual atribui-se um caráter genético, mas sem qualquer fundamentação nos resultados. Hoje, sabe-se que as raízes curtas quando movimentadas apresentam maior índice de reabsorção, pois concentram mais forças no ligamento periodontal, com maior possibilidade lesão na camada cementoblástica e conseqüente reabsorção radicular8, 9, 14,15, 23.Four articles stand out when analyzing literature concerning root resorption in Orthodontics and heritability: Newman21, Harris, Kineret, Tolley16 and Al-Qawasmi et al.¹ e Al-Qawasmi et al.². Although Newman´s study21 was pioneer on the matter, it could not prove or show strong evidence relation between dental resorption and heritability. The author acknowledges himself that there were methodological flaws. Its main problem was that short roots were included in the sample regardless of the cause inclusive those naturally short. Moreover, an unspecific and subjective criterion was used to diagnose short roots. Finally, the small number of families and generations studied does not permit to affirm conclusively. Parents and children were analyzed in only 17 pedigrees. There was no preoccupation standardizing malocclusions, facial types, root and alveolar crest morphology, diagnosis, treatment plan, used technique nor professionals involved. In the conclusions a genetic potential was considered the main cause for root resorption on short roots, not based on any evidence provide by the results. Recently, it has been shown that short roots are more likely to concentrate force on the periodontal ligament with a higher possibility of damaging the cementoblastic layer and therefore present more root resorption.

  18. O primeiro estudo sobre hereditariedade relacionada com as reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia: uma análise crítica do trabalho de Newman / The first study about heredity related to dental resorptions in Orthodontics: a critical analysis of Newman´s work

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alberto, Consolaro; Maria Fernanda, Martins-Ortiz; Renata Bianco, Consolaro.

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Na literatura pertinente à relação entre reabsorções dentárias em Ortodontia e hereditariedade destacam-se quatro artigos: Newman21, Harris, Kineret, Tolley16, Al-Qawasmi et al.¹ e de Al-Qawasmi et al². O trabalho de Newman21 possui o mérito do pioneirismo, mas apesar disto não conseguiu provar ou m [...] ostrar fortes evidências da relação entre reabsorções dentárias e hereditariedade. As falhas metodológicas e o pequeno número de gerações e famílias pesquisadas não permitiram afirmações conclusivas, como reconhece explicitamente o próprio autor. A principal falha está na amostra, constituída por raízes curtas sem preocupar-se com a causa das mesmas, incluindo-se raízes curtas próprias do desenvolvimento dentário. Também não houve critério definido para diagnosticar o que é uma raiz curta, foi um critério muito subjetivo. No final nota-se um pequeno número de famílias e gerações, pois foram analisados pais e filhos em apenas 17 heredogramas. Durante o trabalho não houve preocupação com a padronização do tipo de discrepâncias faciais e dentárias, do tipo de má oclusão, da morfologia radicular ou da crista óssea, do tipo de diagnóstico e plano de tratamento, nem tampouco da técnica e dos operadores dos tratamentos ortodônticos. No final considerou-se como causa de maior reabsorção de dentes com raízes curtas, após o tratamento ortodôntico, um potencial de reabsorção ao qual atribui-se um caráter genético, mas sem qualquer fundamentação nos resultados. Hoje, sabe-se que as raízes curtas quando movimentadas apresentam maior índice de reabsorção, pois concentram mais forças no ligamento periodontal, com maior possibilidade lesão na camada cementoblástica e conseqüente reabsorção radicular8, 9, 14,15, 23. Abstract in english Four articles stand out when analyzing literature concerning root resorption in Orthodontics and heritability: Newman21, Harris, Kineret, Tolley16 and Al-Qawasmi et al.¹ e Al-Qawasmi et al.². Although Newman´s study21 was pioneer on the matter, it could not prove or show strong evidence relation bet [...] ween dental resorption and heritability. The author acknowledges himself that there were methodological flaws. Its main problem was that short roots were included in the sample regardless of the cause inclusive those naturally short. Moreover, an unspecific and subjective criterion was used to diagnose short roots. Finally, the small number of families and generations studied does not permit to affirm conclusively. Parents and children were analyzed in only 17 pedigrees. There was no preoccupation standardizing malocclusions, facial types, root and alveolar crest morphology, diagnosis, treatment plan, used technique nor professionals involved. In the conclusions a genetic potential was considered the main cause for root resorption on short roots, not based on any evidence provide by the results. Recently, it has been shown that short roots are more likely to concentrate force on the periodontal ligament with a higher possibility of damaging the cementoblastic layer and therefore present more root resorption.

  19. Formulation and evaluation of Alendronate Sodium gel for the treatment of bone resorptive lesions in Periodontitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, G Thirumal; Kumar, T M Pramod; Veena

    2005-01-01

    Alendronate sodium is formulated into gels and evaluated for the treatment of bone resorptive lesions in periodontitis. Carbopol 934P was used for the preparation of gels in three different concentrations. The prepared gel was evaluated for various properties such as preformulation, content uniformity, viscosity, compatibility, sterility, in vitro diffusion, and in vivo studies. The drug and the polymer were found to be compatible and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Viscosity of the gels increased with the increase in the polymer concentration. The formulations were found to be sterile. In vitro release study revealed that drug released from the gel follows non-Fickian diffusion followed by first-order release. In vivo studies were carried out for 6 months in patients. The results revealed a significant improvement in the clinical parameters such as gingival index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and potent inhibitory effect on bone resorption by inhibition of osteoclasts. In addition, there was increase in the new bone formation. PMID:16044536

  20. Effects of Neuropeptides and Mechanical Loading on Bone Cell Resorption in Vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeong-Min Yoo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Neuropeptides such as vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP are present in nerve fibers of bone tissues and have been suggested to potentially regulate bone remodeling. Oscillatory fluid flow (OFF-induced shear stress is a potent signal in mechanotransduction that is capable of regulating both anabolic and catabolic bone remodeling. However, the interaction between neuropeptides and mechanical induction in bone remodeling is poorly understood. In this study, we attempted to quantify the effects of combined neuropeptides and mechanical stimuli on mRNA and protein expression related to bone resorption. Neuropeptides (VIP or CGRP and/or OFF-induced shear stress were applied to MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblastic cells and changes in receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-?B ligand (RANKL and osteoprotegerin (OPG mRNA and protein levels were quantified. Neuropeptides and OFF-induced shear stress similarly decreased RANKL and increased OPG levels compared to control. Changes were not further enhanced with combined neuropeptides and OFF-induced shear stress. These results suggest that neuropeptides CGRP and VIP have an important role in suppressing bone resorptive activities through RANKL/OPG pathway, similar to mechanical loading.

  1. Scrotal calcinosis due to resorption of cyst walls: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parlakgumus Alper

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Scrotal calcinosis is a rare benign entity defined as the presence of multiple calcified nodules within the scrotal skin. There are controversies about the origin of this entity. In fact, it is still debatable whether scrotal calcinosis is an idiopathic growth or dystrophic calcification of dartoic muscles. It is also unclear whether scrotal calcinosis originates from inflammation of epidermal cysts affected by mild to moderate inflammation of mononuclear cells, from foreign body granuloma formation followed by resorption of cyst walls or from eccrine epithelial cysts. Case presentation We report a 41-year-old male Turkish patient presenting with a 10-year history of scrotal tumours increasing slowly in size and number. Histopathologically, there was no epithelial lining around the calcified nodules, but there was fibrosis adjacent to atrophic stratified squamous epithelium. Conclusion Results of histopathological examinations suggested that scrotal calcinosis might have been due to resorption of cyst walls. Surgery remains the key for this problem. In cases of non-massive scrotal calcinosis, like the case presented here, excision of the nodules from the affected part of the scrotal wall and repairing the defect with horizontal stitches offer good cosmetic results without relapse.

  2. Study on bone resorption behavior of osteoclast under drug effect using {sup 41}Ca tracing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dong Kejun [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275(50), Beijing 102413 (China); Lu Liyan [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275(50), Beijing 102413 (China); CNNC Third Qinshan Nuclear Power Co. Ltd., Haiyan 314300 (China); He Ming; Ouyang Yinggen; Xue Yan; Li Chaoli; Wu Shaoyong [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275(50), Beijing 102413 (China); Wang Xianggao [College of Physics Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004 (China); Shen Hongtao [College of Physics and Technology, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004 (China); Gao Jianjun [Institute of Radiation Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032 (China); Wang Wei [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275(50), Beijing 102413 (China); China National Nuclear Corporation, Beijing 100822 (China); Chen Dafu; Xing Yonggang [Beijing Research Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Beijing 100035 (China); Jian, Yuan [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275(50), Beijing 102413 (China); Jiang Shan, E-mail: jiangs@ciae.ac.cn [China Institute of Atomic Energy, P.O. Box 275(50), Beijing 102413 (China)

    2013-01-15

    The mechanisms governing calcium fluxes during bone remodeling processes in Osteoporosis (OP) patients are poorly known. Understanding the changes of Osteoclasts (OC) during this dynamic transition is important to prevent and cure OP. The exploration of long-lived {sup 41}Ca (T{sub 1/2} = 1.04 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} years) tracer combined with AMS measurements leads to the possibility of monitoring the bone resorption behavior of OC in OP patients. In this work, the behavior of OC with the administration of Strontium Ranelate (SR), a drug for OP, was studied by using {sup 41}Ca labeled hydroxyapatite (HAP) to simulate the bone. AMS on the HI-13 tandem accelerator at CIAE was used to determine trace amounts of {sup 41}Ca. The results show that the technique of {sup 41}Ca tracing with AMS can be used to quantitatively monitor the behavior of OC in bone resorption under the effects of drugs. Experimental details and preliminary results will be presented.

  3. Local mechanical stimuli regulate bone formation and resorption in mice at the tissue level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, Friederike A; Ruffoni, Davide; Lambers, Floor M; Christen, David; Webster, Duncan J; Kuhn, Gisela; Müller, Ralph

    2013-01-01

    Bone is able to react to changing mechanical demands by adapting its internal microstructure through bone forming and resorbing cells. This process is called bone modeling and remodeling. It is evident that changes in mechanical demands at the organ level must be interpreted at the tissue level where bone (re)modeling takes place. Although assumed for a long time, the relationship between the locations of bone formation and resorption and the local mechanical environment is still under debate. The lack of suitable imaging modalities for measuring bone formation and resorption in vivo has made it difficult to assess the mechanoregulation of bone three-dimensionally by experiment. Using in vivo micro-computed tomography and high resolution finite element analysis in living mice, we show that bone formation most likely occurs at sites of high local mechanical strain (pmicro-environment. These findings disclose how mechanical stimuli at the tissue level contribute to the regulation of bone adaptation at the organ level. PMID:23637993

  4. Osteogenic protein 1 device increases bone formation and bone graft resorption around cementless implants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Thomas B; Overgaard, SØren

    2002-01-01

    In each femoral condyle of 8 Labrador dogs, a non weight-bearing hydroxyapatite-coated implant was inserted surrounded by a 3 mm gap. Each gap was filled with bone allograft or ProOsteon with or without OP-1 delivered in a bovine collagen type I carrier (OP-1 device). 300 microg OP-1 was used in the 0.75 cc gap surrounding the implant. After 3 weeks, the OP-1 device enhanced implant fixation by 800% (p <0.05) in the ProOsteon group, but OP-1 bad no significant effect on implant fixation in the allograft group. By adding the OP-1 device, the volume fraction of woven bone close to the implant increased from 12% to 20% (p < 0.05) in the bone allograft group and from 6% to 25% (p < 0.05) in the ProOsteon group. The volume fraction of bone allograft decreased from 29% to 9% (p < 0.05) in the OP-1 treated group versus 33% to 30% in the allograft group not treated with OP-1. No resorption of ProOsteen was found. In conclusion, OP-1 accelerates resorption of bone allograft and enhances new bone formation around cementless implants grafted with bone allograft or semisynthetic hydroxyapatite bone substitute. Our findings do not support the use of ProOsteon alone around cementless implants.

  5. Marker of Bone Resorption in Acute Response to Exogenous or Endogenous Parathyroid Hormone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vit Zikan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Parathyroid hormone (PTH changes morphology of osteoclasts within minutes after its systemic administration. The aim of our study was to test in healthy men whether both exogenous and endogenous PTH could change acutely (minutes to hours the serum cross-linked C-telopeptide of type I collagen (beta CTX, which is released during osteoclastic resorption of bone. Twelve healthy men (age range 24–34 yr were each studied during 180 min on a control period, after a single subcutaneous injection of teriparatide, and after 30 min EDTA infusion to stimulate endogenous PTH secretion. The tests were started after overnight fast, 3 h after a standard calcium load. The EDTA infusion induced a significant decrease in serum ionized calcium (by 8.5% at 33 min and a significant increase in plasma PTH (by 305% at 33 min. Both the EDTA and teriparatide resulted in a significant increase in beta CTX (p < 0.001 with maximum increases of 64% and 80%, respectively. A mild, but significant decrease in beta CTX was observed during the control test period. In conclusion, single-dose teriparatide injection as well as a stimulation of endogenous PTH in healthy men results in an acute increase of the bone resorption marker.

  6. Bone resorption and environmental exposure to cadmium in children: a cross - sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sughis Muhammad

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Exposure to cadmium has been associated with osteoporosis and fracture risk in women and elderly, but studies in children are lacking. In the present study we investigate the association between markers of bone demineralization [urinary calcium (Ca and deoxypyridinoline (DPD excretion] and urinary cadmium (Cd excretion (as an index of lifetime body burden. Methods 155 schoolchildren from 2 elementary schools in Lahore, Pakistan were included. Urinary Cd was measured as an index of lifetime exposure. We assessed the multivariate-adjusted association of exposure with markers of bone resorption, urinary DPD as well as with Ca excretion. Results Urinary Cd averaged 0.50 nmol/mmol creatinine and was not influenced by age, height, weight and socio-economic status (SES. Independent of gender, age, height, weight and SES a doubling of urinary Cd was associated with a 1.72 times (p Conclusions Even in young children, low-level environmental exposure to cadmium is associated with evidence of bone resorption, suggesting a direct osteotoxic effect with increased calciuria. These findings might have clinical relevance at older age.

  7. Surgical management of a failed internal root resorption treatment: a histological and clinical report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asgary, Saeed; Eghbal, Mohammad Jafar; Mehrdad, Leili; Kheirieh, Sanam; Nosrat, Ali

    2014-05-01

    This article presents the successful surgical management of a failed mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) orthograde obturation of a tooth with a history of impact trauma and perforated internal root resorption. A symptomatic maxillary lateral incisor with a history of perforation due to internal root resorption and nonsurgical repair using MTA was referred. Unintentional overfill of the defect with MTA had occurred 4 yr before the initial visit. The excess MTA had since disappeared, and a radiolucent lesion adjacent to the perforation site was evident radiographically. Surgical endodontic retreatment was performed using calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement as a repair material. Histological examination of the lesion revealed granulation tissue with chronic inflammation, and small fragments of MTA encapsulated within fibroconnective tissue. At the one and two year follow up exams, all signs and symptoms of disease had resolved and the tooth was functional. Complete radiographic healing of the lesion was observed two years after the initial visit. This case report illustrates how the selection of an appropriate approach to treatment of a perforation can affect the long term prognosis of a tooth. In addition, extrusion of MTA into a periradicular lesion should be avoided. PMID:24790928

  8. Parathyroid hormone sensitizes long bones to the stimulation of bone resorption by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Leeuwen, J P; Birkenhäger, J C; Bos, M P; van der Bemd, G J; Herrmann-Erlee, M P; Pols, H A

    1992-03-01

    In response to hypocalcemia the serum PTH level increases rapidly followed by a PTH-induced rise in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3] production. Therefore, bone is first exposed to increased PTH levels before increased 1,25-(OH)2D3 levels. In the present study the effect of pretreatment with PTH on 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced bone resorption was examined. Bone resorption was measured as release of prelabeled 45Ca during culture from 17-day-old fetal mice radii/ulnae and metatarsals. Radii/ulnae and metatarsals are characterized by differences in development. In radii/ulnae mature osteoclasts are present, whereas in metatarsals only different stages of preosteoclasts can be found. Preincubation for 24 h but not 4 h with PTH increases the stimulation of bone resorption by 1,25-(OH)2D3 in fetal radii/ulnae but not in metatarsals. Coincubation of PTH and 1,25-(OH)2D3 did not result in a significant change in bone resorption compared to 1,25-(OH)2D3 alone. The observed difference in the effect of pretreatment with PTH between radii/ulnae and metatarsals indicates that PTH does not stimulate the development of early osteoclast precursors but that a certain level of differentiation of the osteoclast precursor is required. Pretreatment with prostaglandin E2 resulted in an effect similar to that of PTH. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis by indomethacin prevented the potentiation of 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced bone resorption by pretreatment with PTH. Thus, the present study demonstrates that PTH sensitizes responses to 1,25-(OH)2D3. PTH must be present before 1,25-(OH)2D3 to observe a potentiation of 1,25-(OH)2D3-induced bone resorption.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1585831

  9. Prevalent of root resorption of second molar adjustment the impacted third molar in prepiacal and panoramic radiographs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ebrahimi Saravi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Impacted third molar reduces the bone level in the distal aspect of second molar, and sometimes it can lead to root resorption of the adjacent tooth. The purpose of this study was to determine this resorption using panoramic and periapical radiographs.   Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study 54 patient (28 men, 26 women above 15 years old with the average of 22 years in Oral and Maxillofacial Department of Tehran University were studied. A periapical radiography from the third molar and a panoramic radiograph were taken from each patient (Because of their routine use and evaluation of accuracy of panoramic compared with periapical, and the magnitude of the root resorption for the second molar was determined by 2 observers and written in a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Fisher test.   Results: The prevalence of the root resorption of the second molar adjacent to the impacted third molar in the panoramic and the periapical radiographies, with respect to the limitation of the sample size were 46.3% and 31.5%, respectively, with 95% confidence(P>0.05. Most of these resorptions were in the cervical third of the second molar roots and in cases in which the third molars were mesially oriented or horizontal. There was also no significant difference between panoramic and periapical radiographs.   Conclusion: Due to the increased risk of the resorption of the second molar adjacent to the third molar, extraction of the impacted third molars, especiall y mesially oriented or horizontal ones are recommended.

  10. Bone resorption is decreased postprandially by intestinal factors and glucagon-like peptide-2 is a possible candidate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Jens Juul; Hartmann, Bolette

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Food intake inhibits bone resorption by a mechanism thought to involve gut hormones, and the intestinotrophic glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) is a candidate because exogenous GLP-2 inhibits bone resorption in humans. The purpose of the study was to investigate patients with short-bowel syndrome (SBS) or total gastrectomy in order to elucidate whether the signal for the meal-induced reduction of bone resorption is initiated from the stomach or the intestine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone resorption was assessed from the serum concentration of collagen type I C-telopeptide cross-links (s-CTX) and compared with the plasma concentrations of GLP-2. Bone formation was assessed from serum osteocalcin concentrations. Seven SBS patients with a preserved colon and 7 with SBS and colectomy and 7 healthy controls were given a breakfast test meal (936 kcal). Eight patients who had undergone total gastrectomy had an oral glucose load (75 g in 150 ml). RESULTS: The SBS patients without a colon showed no reduction in bone resorption (s-CTX) to a meal, whereas SBS patients with a colon had an intermediate response with a 27% (p<0.05) reduction of s-CTX from baseline after 120 min as compared with 66% (p<0.001) for normal controls. A significant reduction of 53% (p<0.001) was seen in gastrectomized patients after receiving oral glucose, which is comparable with the published data for the oral glucose tolerance test (OGGT) in healthy subjects (50% reduction over 120 min). Bone formation was unchanged for both SBS and gastrectomy patients. GLP-2 concentrations increased significantly in all groups with the exception of the SBS plus colectomy group. CONCLUSIONS: An intestinal factor is responsible for the postprandial reduction in bone resorption, and our findings are compatible with such a function for GLP-2.

  11. Maxillary ridge augmentation with custom-made CAD/CAM scaffolds. A 1-year prospective study on 10 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangano, Francesco; Macchi, Aldo; Shibli, Jamil Awad; Luongo, Giuseppe; Iezzi, Giovanna; Piattelli, Adriano; Caprioglio, Alberto; Mangano, Carlo

    2014-10-01

    Several procedures have been proposed to achieve maxillary ridge augmentation. These require bone replacement materials to be manually cut, shaped, and formed at the time of implantation, resulting in an expensive and time-consuming process. In the present study, we describe a technique for the design and fabrication of custom-made scaffolds for maxillary ridge augmentation, using three-dimensional computerized tomography (3D CT) and computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM). CT images of the atrophic maxillary ridge of 10 patients were acquired and modified into 3D reconstruction models. These models were transferred as stereolithographic files to a CAD program, where a virtual 3D reconstruction of the alveolar ridge was generated, producing anatomically shaped, custom-made scaffolds. CAM software generated a set of tool-paths for manufacture by a computer-numerical-control milling machine into the exact shape of the reconstruction, starting from porous hydroxyapatite blocks. The custom-made scaffolds were of satisfactory size, shape, and appearance; they matched the defect area, suited the surgeon's requirements, and were easily implanted during surgery. This helped reduce the time for surgery and contributed to the good healing of the defects. PMID:23343341

  12. Comparação da intensidade de dor em bloqueios do nervo alveolar inferior / Comparison of pain intensity during inferior alveolar nerve block

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Felippe Almeida, Costa; Liane Maciel de Almeida, Souza; Francisco, Groppo.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Este estudo foi idealizado para investigar o desconforto dos procedimentos odontológicos associados à anestesia. Este procedimento frequentemente gera uma grande ansiedade, o que aumenta a dor. O medo da injeção tem sido relatado como sendo um fator determinante à não proc [...] ura do tratamento dental. O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar o nível de dor na perfuração, penetração e deposição da solução anestésica no bloqueio do nervo alveolar inferior nas Técnicas Direta e Vazirani-Akinosi. MÉTODOS: Estudo clínico randomizado, cruzado e duplamente encoberto envolvendo 30 pacientes atendidos no Departamento de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Sergipe (DOD-UFS) que necessitaram de tratamento odontológico e que se submeteram a bloqueio bilateral do nervo alveolar inferior. Estes foram interrogados a respeito da intensidade de dor durante as seguintes etapas: perfuração, penetração e deposição do anestésico local. A mensuração da intensidade dolorosa foi realizada através da escala analógica visual (EAV) com comprimento de 10 cm, sem a existência de marcações pré-definidas. Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e submetidos aos testes estatísticos de Friedman e Wilcoxon com índice de significância estatística de 5%. RESULTADOS: A análise dos dados revelou que não houve diferenças estatisticamente significantes (Wilcoxon, p > 0,05) entre os valores de EAV das duas técnicas anestésicas em nenhum dos momentos operatórios. Para ambas as técnicas, a dor induzida pela penetração foi maior (Friedman, p Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was developed to investigate anesthesia-related discomfort during dental procedures. This procedure often generates major anxiety, which increases pain. Fear of injection has been reported as a determining factor for not looking for dental treatment. This study [...] aimed at comparing the level of pain during perforation, penetration and anesthetic solution deposition during inferior alveolar block by the Direct and Vazirani-Akinosi techniques. METHODS: Randomized, crossover, double-blind clinical trial involving 30 patients seen by the Dentistry Department of the Federal University of Sergipe (DOD-UFS) who needed dental treatment and were submitted to bilateral inferior alveolar nerve block. Patients were asked about pain intensity during the following stages: perforation, penetration and local anesthetic deposition. Pain intensity was measured by the 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS), without predefined marks. Data were tabulated and submitted to statistical Friedman and Wilcoxon tests with statistical significance of 5%. RESULTS: Data have not shown statistically significant differences (Wilcoxon, p > 0.05) between VAS values of both anesthetic techniques in all operatory moments. For both techniques, penetration-induced pain was higher (Friedman, p

  13. Primary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: computed tomography features at diagnosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is characterized by an abnormal accumulation of periodic acid-schiff-positive lipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli. Early diagnosis allows setting up of therapeutic lung lavages, which reduces the need for oxygen supplementation and weight gain. To provide a description of radiological features by CT at the onset of primary PAP in children. The clinical and radiological data of 24 patients, including 16 boys and 8 girls (median age: 12 months), diagnosed with a primary form of PAP between April 1992 and May 2012 in a tertiary referral hospital, were retrospectively reviewed. CT images were examined for the presence of alveolar and interstitial elementary lesions. Correlation between clinical and radiological