Sample records for adl process

  1. A Process for the Representation of openEHR ADL Archetypes in OWL Ontologies.

    Porn, Alex Mateus; Peres, Leticia Mara; Didonet Del Fabro, Marcos


    ADL is a formal language to express archetypes, independent of standards or domain. However, its specification is not precise enough in relation to the specialization and semantic of archetypes, presenting difficulties in implementation and a few available tools. Archetypes may be implemented using other languages such as XML or OWL, increasing integration with Semantic Web tools. Exchanging and transforming data can be better implemented with semantics oriented models, for example using OWL which is a language to define and instantiate Web ontologies defined by W3C. OWL permits defining significant, detailed, precise and consistent distinctions among classes, properties and relations by the user, ensuring the consistency of knowledge than using ADL techniques. This paper presents a process of an openEHR ADL archetypes representation in OWL ontologies. This process consists of ADL archetypes conversion in OWL ontologies and validation of OWL resultant ontologies using the mutation test. PMID:26262167

  2. Ineffective ADL skills in women with fibromyalgia

    Von Bülow, Cecilie; Amris, Kirstine; La Cour, Karen;


    BACKGROUND: Subgroups of women with fibromyalgia likely show different activity of daily living (ADL) skill deficits. Identifying ineffective ADL skills of significance in the 'typical' woman with fibromyalgia will promote the planning of targeted occupational therapy interventions aiming at...... improving ADL ability. OBJECTIVE: To identify frequently reported ADL skill deficits of significance in subgroups of women with fibromyalgia who have decreased ADL motor ability in combination with decreased or competent ADL process ability. METHOD: Women with fibromyalgia were evaluated with the Assessment...... ability (n = 105). CONCLUSION: It is suggested that clinicians modify the individual's tasks and environments to compensate for identified ineffective ADL skills and to use the AMPS to differentiate interventions in women with fibromyalgia....

  3. Existence of Continuous and C\\`adl\\`ag Versions for Cylindrical Processes in the Dual of a Nuclear Space

    Fonseca-Mora, Christian


    Let $\\Phi$ be a nuclear space and let $\\Phi'_{\\beta}$ denote its strong dual. In this paper we introduce sufficient conditions for a cylindrical process in $\\Phi'$ to have a version that is a $\\Phi'_{\\beta}$-valued continuous or c\\'{a}dl\\'{a}g process. We also establish sufficient conditions for the existence of such a version taking values and having finite moments in a Hilbert space continuously embedded in $\\Phi'_{\\beta}$. Finally, we apply our results to the study of properties of cylindr...

  4. Self-reported and Observed Quality of ADL Task Performance in Adults with Depression

    Nielsen, Kristina Tomra; Wæhrens, Eva


    Introduction Limited relationship between measures of self-reported and observed quality of ADL task performance has been revealed in a rheumatologic population, stressing the need to apply both self-report and observation in that population when evaluating ADL task performance. As occupational t...... quality of ADL task performance, it is recommended that occupational therapists perform evaluations of ADL task performance based on both interview and observation as prescribed in the Occupational Therapy Intervention Process Model (OTIPM)....... diagnosed with depression (range 19-79, median 45,5) Procedure In order to evaluate the participants’ self-reported and observed quality of ADL task performance the ADL-Interview (ADL-I) and the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) were chosen. Both instruments are developed to evaluate and measure...... performance. 35% had AMPS ADL process ability measures below cut off indicating decreased efficiency, safety risk and/or need of assistance. However, limited relationship was found between measures of self-reported and observed quality of ADL task performance (figure 3 and 4). Conclusion Evaluations based on...

  5. Trainee Occupational Therapists Scoring the Barthel ADL.

    Martin, Elizabeth; Nugent, Chris; Bond, Raymond; Martin, Suzanne


    Within medical applications there are two main types of information design; paper-based and digital information [1]. As technology is constantly changing, information within healthcare management and delivery is continually being transitioned from traditional paper documents to digital and online resources. Activity of Daily Living (ADL) charts are still predominantly paper based and are therefore prone to "human error" [2]. In light of this, an investigation has taken place into the design for reducing the amount of human error, between a paper based ADL, specifically the Barthel Index, and the same ADL created digitally. The digital ADL was developed as an online platform as this offers the best method of data capture for a large group of participants all together [3]. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usability of the Barthel Index ADL in paper format and then reproduce the same ADL digitally. This paper presents the findings of a study involving 26 participants who were familiar with ADL charts, and used three scenarios requiring them to complete both a paper ADL and a digital ADL. An evaluation was undertaken to ascertain if there were any 'human errors' in completing the paper ADL and also to find similarities/differences through using the digital ADL. The results from the study indicated that 22/26 participants agreed that the digital ADL was better, if not the same as a paper based ADL. Further results indicated that participants rate highly the added benefit of the digital ADL being easy to use and also that calculation of assessment scores were performed automatically. Statistically the digital BI offered a 100 % correction rate in the total calculation, in comparison to the paper based BI where it is more common for users to make mathematical calculation errors. Therefore in order to minimise handwriting and calculation errors, the digital BI proved superior than the traditional paper based method. PMID:26250757

  6. The Link between Cognitive Measures and ADLs and IADL Functioning in Mild Alzheimer's: What Has Gender Got to Do with It?

    James R. Hall


    Full Text Available Objectives. To investigate the link between neurocognitive measures and various aspects of daily living (ADL and IADL in women and men with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD. Methods. Participants were 202 AD patients (91 male, 111 female with CDR global scores of ≤1. ADLs and IADLs ratings were obtained from caregivers. Cognitive domains were assessed with neuropsychological testing. Results. Memory and executive functioning were related to IADL scores. Executive functioning was linked to total ADL. Comparisons stratified on gender found attention predicted total ADL score in both men and women. Attention predicted bathing and eating ability in women only. Language predicted IADL functions in men (food preparation and women (driving. Conclusions. Associations between ADLs/IADLs and memory, learning, executive functioning, and language suggest that even in patients with mild AD, basic ADLs require complex cognitive processes. Gender differences in the domains of learning and memory area were found.

  7. ADL ability characteristics of partially dependent older people: Gender and age differences in ADL ability

    Sato, Susumu; Demura, Shinichi; Tanaka, Kiyoji; Kasuga, Kohsho; Kobayashi, Hidetsugu


    Age and gender differences in ADL ability were investigated using 568 Japanese partially dependent older people (PD, Mean age=82.2±7.76 years) living in welfare institutions. The subjects were asked about 17 ADL items representing 7 ADL domains by the professional staff working at subjects' institutions. Each item was assessed by a dichotomous scale of “possible” or “impossible”. Item proportions of “possible” response were calculated for gender and age groups (60s, 70s, 80s and 90s). Two-way...

  8. Architecture Level Dependency Analysis of SOA Based System through ?-Adl

    Pawan Kumar; Ratneshwer


    A formal Architecture Description Language (ADL) provides an effective way to dependency analysis at early stage of development. ?-ADL is an ADL that represents the static and dynamic features of software services. In this paper, we describe an approach of dependency analysis of SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) based system, at architecture level, through ?-ADL. A set of algorithms are also proposed for identification of dependency relationships from a SOA based system. The proposed algori...

  9. Audio Development Laboratory (ADL) User Test Planning Guide

    Romero, Andy


    Test process, milestones and inputs are unknowns to first-time users of the ADL. The User Test Planning Guide aids in establishing expectations for both NASA and non-NASA facility customers. The potential audience for this guide includes both internal and commercial spaceflight hardware/software developers. It is intended to assist their test engineering personnel in test planning and execution. Material covered includes a roadmap of the test process, roles and responsibilities of facility and user, major milestones, facility capabilities, and inputs required by the facility. Samples of deliverables, test article interfaces, and inputs necessary to define test scope, cost, and schedule are included as an appendix to the guide.

  10. Marte CCSL to execute East-ADL Timing Requirements

    Mallet, Frédéric; Peraldi-Frati, Marie-Agnès; André, Charles


    In the automotive domain, several loosely-coupled Architecture Description Languages (ADLs) compete to provide a set of abstract modeling and analysis services on top of the implementation code. In an effort to make all these languages, and more importantly their underlying models, interoperable, we use the UML Profile for MARTE as a pivot to define the semantics of these models. In this paper, we particularly focus on East-ADL2. We discuss the benefits of having an integrated, MARTE-centered...

  11. Ergoterapeutiske ADL-indsatser på akut psykiatrisk hospital

    Nielsen, Kristina Tomra; Petersen, Rikke; Decker, Lone


    Det første kapitel i bogen omhandler ADL-begrebet såvel på engelsk som dansk og præsenterer relevante definitioner i et historisk samt tværfagligt og ergoterapeutisk perspektiv. I de efterfølgende kapitler får man et godt indtryk af, hvordan der arbejdes med ADL bredt set, og hvilke metoder og re...

  12. Software component composition based on ADL and Middleware


    How to compose prefabricated components is a key issue in component-based reuse. Research on Software Architecture (SA) and Component-based Software Development (CBSD) provides two hopeful solutions from different perspectives. SA provides a top-down approach to realizing component-based reuse. However, it pays insufficient attention to the refinement and implementation of the architectural descriptions, and does not provide the necessary capability to automate the transformation or composition to form a final executable application. CBSD provides a bottom-up way by using existing middleware infrastructures. However, these technologies do not take into account the systematic methodology that can guide the CBSD process, especially the component composition at higher abstract levels. We argue that it is a natural solution to combine these two approaches.   In this paper, an architecture-based component composition approach is presented. In this way, SA description, using mapping rules and mini-tools to narrow the gap between design and implementation, is used as the blueprint and middleware technology as the runtime scaffold for component composition. Our approach presents an ADL, which supports user-defined connectors and has an extensible framework, to specify software architectures. To map a SA description into implementation, it is necessary to map it first to an OO design model described in UML, then to the final implementation. The architectural description can be mapped into source code or executable code by using some ORB conforming to CORBA standard. Also a toolkit is provided to support this approach efficiently.

  13. The measurement of instrumental ADL: content validity and construct validity

    Avlund, K; Schultz-Larsen, K; Kreiner, S


    A new measure of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), which is able to discriminate among the large group of elderly who do not depend on help, was tested for content validity and construct validity. Most assessments of functional ability include Physical ADL (PADL) and Instrumental ADL....... The measure of Instrumental ADL included 30 activities in relation to tiredness and reduced speed. Construct validity was tested by the Rasch model for item analysis; internal validity was specifically addressed by assessing the homogeneity of items under different conditions. The Rasch item analysis...... of IADL showed that 14 items could be combined into two qualitatively different additive scales. The IADL-measure complies with demands for content validity, distinguishes between what the elderly actually do, and what they are capable of doing, and is a good discriminator among the group of elderly...

  14. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  7. AudioRegent: Exploiting SimpleADL and SoX for Digital Audio Delivery

    Nitin Arora


    AudioRegent is a command-line Python script currently being used by the University of Alabama Libraries’ Digital Services to create web-deliverable MP3s from regions within archival audio files. In conjunction with a small-footprint XML file called SimpleADL and SoX, an open-source command-line audio editor, AudioRegent batch processes archival audio files, allowing for one or many user-defined regions, particular to each audio file, to be extracted with additional audio processing in a trans...

  8. An Evaluation of ADLs on Modeling Patterns for Software Architecture

    Waqas Kamal, Ahmad; Avgeriou, Paris


    Architecture patterns provide solutions to recurring design problems at the architecture level. In order to model patterns during software architecture design, one may use a number of existing Architecture Description Languages (ADLs), including the UML, a generic language but also a de facto indust

  9. Physical performance as long-term predictor of onset of activities of daily living (ADL) disability

    Idland, Gro; Pettersen, Renate; Avlund, Kirsten;


    Disability in ADL of aging women is an important public health concern. It is thus of interest to identify modifiable factors underlying onset of ADL disability. We assessed whether three physical performance-based measurements could predict ADL disability 9 years later. The participants were 113...... non-disabled community-dwelling women with a mean age of 79.5 years at baseline. The baseline examinations of physical performance were: functional reach, climbing steps and comfortable walking speed. ADL disability was defined as need of personal assistance in at least one of five basic ADL items....... The participants were followed for 9 years. Logistic regression models were fitted for each of the physical performance measurements together with the covariates in relation to ADL disability. At follow-up 25.7% were disabled in ADL. All three performance measurements were significantly associated...

  10. Developing Dependable Automotive Embedded Systems using the EAST-ADL

    Chen, DeJiu; Johansson, Rolf; Lönn, Henrik; Törngren, Martin


    The complexity of embedded automotive systemscalls for a more rigorous approach to systemdevelopment compared to current state of practice. Acritical issue is the management of the engineeringinformation that defines the embedded system. TheEAST-ADL1 is an architecture description languagefor automotive embedded systems. The languageemphasizes information management as a basis forsystematic design and verification. It is currently beingrefined in the ATESST2 project.

  11. UV Index Modeling by Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ADL Model)

    Alexandre Boleira Lopo; Maria Helena Constantino Spyrides; Paulo Sérgio Lucio; Javier Sigró


    The objective of this work is to model statistically the ultraviolet radiation index (UV Index) to make forecast (extrapolate) and analyze trends. The task is relevant, due to increased UV flux and high rate of cases non-melanoma skin cancer in northeast of Brazil. The methodology utilized an Autoregressive Distributed Lag model (ADL) or Dynamic Linear Regression model. The monthly data of UV index were measured in east coast of the Brazilian Northeast (City of Natal-Rio G...

  12. The psychometric properties of ADCS - activities of daily living inventory and comparison of different ADL scores

    Rózsa, S.; Brandtmüller, A.; Nagy, B.; Brennan, A.(School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia); Akehurst, R


    Several multi-item activities of daily living (ADL) scales have been developed for assessment of functional status of patients with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) in the last few decades. A disadvantage of the large number of scales is that scores of different ADL scales cannot be compared directly with each other. ADL scales which are used by McNamee’s (Townsend's disability scale) and Hill’s (Medicare Beneficiary definitions and Katz index of ADL) provide suitable tools for modelling the cost-eff...

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  14. Self-reported quality of ADL task performance among patients with COPD exacerbations

    Bendixen, Hans Jørgen; Wæhrens, Eva Elisabet Ejlersen; Wilcke, Jon Torgny;


    OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) experience problems in the performance of activities of daily living (ADL) tasks. The objective was to examine the self-reported quality of ADL task performance among COPD patients, and to investigate whether age, gen...

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  18. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male SRX013084,SRX013049,S...RX013033,SRX013050,SRX013032,SRX013013 ...

  19. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male SRX013049,SRX013084,S...RX013050,SRX013032,SRX013033,SRX013013 ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male SRX013049,SRX013050,S...RX013084,SRX013033,SRX013032,SRX013013 ...

  1. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male dm3 Histone Adult Adult male SRX013033,SRX013032,SRX013...084,SRX013013 ...

  2. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male SRX013049,SRX013033,S...RX013032,SRX013050,SRX013084,SRX013013 ...

  3. File list: Pol.Adl.05.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase III Adult ...SRX395531,SRX331268,SRX331270,SRX395532 ...

  4. File list: Pol.Adl.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase II Adult SR...SRX1388757,SRX1388756 ...

  5. File list: Pol.Adl.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.RNA_polymerase_II.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase II Adult SR...SRX043965,SRX005629,SRX043964,SRX554718 ...

  6. File list: Oth.Adl.05.coh-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.coh-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-3 Adult SRX494912,SRX494892,SRX494...893,SRX494913 ...

  7. File list: Oth.Adl.10.coh-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.coh-1.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-1 Adult SRX466565,SRX495079,SRX466...566,SRX495080 ...

  8. File list: Oth.Adl.20.coh-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.coh-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-3 Adult SRX494912,SRX494892,SRX494...893,SRX494913 ...

  9. File list: Oth.Adl.50.coh-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.coh-1.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-1 Adult SRX466565,SRX495079,SRX495...080,SRX466566 ...

  10. File list: Oth.Adl.50.coh-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.coh-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-3 Adult SRX494912,SRX494892,SRX494...893,SRX494913 ...

  11. File list: Oth.Adl.20.coh-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.coh-1.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-1 Adult SRX466565,SRX495079,SRX495...080,SRX466566 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.05.coh-1.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.coh-1.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-1 Adult SRX495079,SRX466565,SRX495...080,SRX466566 ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.10.coh-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.coh-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others coh-3 Adult SRX494912,SRX494892,SRX494...893,SRX494913 ...

  14. File list: Oth.Adl.50.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181419,SRX...ttp:// ...

  15. File list: Oth.Adl.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181427,SRX...ttp:// ...

  16. File list: Oth.Adl.05.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181427,SRX...ttp:// ...

  17. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX0056...9 ...

  18. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Young adult SRX554723,SRX1388779,SR...RX1388775,SRX554734,SRX1388768,SRX012297,SRX012298,SRX012300 ...

  19. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX146...,SRX054208,SRX054210 ...

  20. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX3732...X331269,SRX331331,SRX467093,SRX982096,SRX1388752,SRX1388749,SRX235166,SRX012299 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX395531,SRX08007...4210,SRX005633 ...

  2. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Young adult SRX707297,SRX70729...8 ...

  3. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX0056...6,SRX005633 ...

  4. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Young adult SRX395531,SRX331...RX043965 ...

  5. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX14642...54208,SRX054210,SRX054211 ...

  6. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Young adult SRX1388777,SRX554723,SR...1388779,SRX1388772,SRX1388771,SRX1388778,SRX012297 ...

  7. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Young adult SRX080072,SRX331...,SRX054211,SRX054210 ...

  8. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX146...,SRX054211 ...

  9. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX4670...9,SRX005633 ...

  10. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Young adult SRX331268,SRX331...RX043964 ...

  11. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Young adult SRX707297,SRX70729...8 ...

  12. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX080072,SRX39553...2299,SRX005633 ...

  13. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Young adult SRX707297,SRX70729...8 ...

  14. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Young adult SRX395531,SRX331...RX043965 ...

  15. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Young adult SRX1388777,SRX1388779,S...SRX554724,SRX554734,SRX1388769,SRX012297,SRX012298,SRX012300 ...

  16. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX14642...4210 ...

  17. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX485215,SRX1149373,SRX485203,...X215623,SRX215627 ...

  18. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX101478,SRX485215,SRX264599,S...215627,SRX1165009 ...

  19. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX201903,SRX485216,SRX201902,S...X215627,SRX485205 ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX485220,SRX485219,SRX1134696,...X485205,SRX661228 ...

  1. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Unclassified Adult Egg chamber SRX914951,SRX914955...,SRX914953,SRX914957 ...

  2. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Unclassified Adult Egg chamber SRX914955,SRX914951...,SRX914953 ...

  3. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 All antigens Adult Egg chamber SRX914951,SRX914955...13,SRX914958,SRX914966,SRX914964,SRX706811,SRX914954,SRX706815,SRX706812,SRX706816,SRX706810 ...

  4. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Input control Adult Egg chamber SRX706813,SRX70681...2,SRX706816 ...

  5. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 All antigens Adult Egg chamber SRX914951,SRX914955...58,SRX706813,SRX706815,SRX914957,SRX706816,SRX914964,SRX706811,SRX914966,SRX914954,SRX706812 ...

  6. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 All antigens Adult Egg chamber SRX914955,SRX914951...64,SRX706811,SRX914958,SRX914957,SRX706813,SRX914962,SRX914954,SRX914966,SRX706812,SRX706816 ...

  7. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706815,SRX7068...11,SRX706814,SRX706810 ...

  8. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Input control Adult Egg chamber SRX706812,SRX70681...6,SRX706813 ...

  9. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Histone Adult Egg chamber SRX914961,SRX914956,SRX9...14962,SRX914952,SRX914960,SRX914958,SRX914964,SRX914954,SRX914966,SRX914963,SRX914959 ...

  10. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706810,SRX7068...14,SRX706815,SRX706811 ...

  11. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Histone Adult Egg chamber SRX914961,SRX914956,SRX9...14959,SRX914952,SRX914963,SRX914962,SRX914960,SRX914958,SRX914966,SRX914964,SRX914954 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706814,SRX7068...10,SRX706815,SRX706811 ...

  13. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Unclassified Adult Egg chamber SRX914955,SRX914951...,SRX914953,SRX914957 ...

  14. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Histone Adult Egg chamber SRX914961,SRX914952,SRX9...14956,SRX914959,SRX914960,SRX914963,SRX914962,SRX914958,SRX914964,SRX914966,SRX914954 ...

  15. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Histone Adult Egg chamber SRX914961,SRX914959,SRX9...14956,SRX914952,SRX914963,SRX914960,SRX914964,SRX914958,SRX914962,SRX914954,SRX914966 ...

  16. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Input control Adult Egg chamber SRX706813,SRX70681...6,SRX706812 ...

  17. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 All antigens Adult Egg chamber SRX914955,SRX914951...16,SRX914954,SRX914966,SRX706813,SRX914963,SRX914959,SRX706814,SRX706810,SRX914953 ...

  18. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Unclassified Adult Egg chamber SRX914951,SRX914955...,SRX914953,SRX914957 ...

  19. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Input control Adult Egg chamber SRX706813,SRX70681...2,SRX706816 ...

  20. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706814,SRX7068...11,SRX706815,SRX706810 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX017854,SRX017856,SRX017857...,SRX390503,SRX390501,SRX390502 ...

  2. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX017856,SRX0...17854 ...

  3. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX017857,SRX017854,SRX017856...,SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX390503 ...

  4. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX390503...,SRX017856,SRX017854 ...

  5. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX017856,SRX0...17854 ...

  6. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX017854,SRX017856,SRX390501,SRX3...90502 ...

  7. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX017854,SRX017856,SRX390502,SRX3...90501 ...

  8. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX017857,SRX390502,SRX390501...,SRX017856,SRX390503,SRX017854 ...

  9. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  10. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181433,SRX181435...,SRX181431,SRX181437,SRX181439,SRX181441 ...

  11. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 Input control Adult Adult body SRX181432,SRX181440,...SRX181436,SRX181438,SRX181434,SRX181442 ...

  12. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2245,SRX042251,SRX042250 ...

  13. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2245,SRX042251,SRX042250 ...

  14. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  15. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  16. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  17. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  18. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  19. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  20. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181435,SRX181431...,SRX181433,SRX181437,SRX181441,SRX181439 ...

  1. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 Input control Adult Adult body SRX181432,SRX181440,...SRX181436,SRX181434,SRX181438,SRX181442 ...

  2. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  3. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 Input control Adult Adult body SRX181440,SRX181432,...SRX181436,SRX181434,SRX181438,SRX181442 ...

  4. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  5. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  6. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181435,SRX181431...,SRX181437,SRX181433,SRX181441,SRX181439 ...

  7. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  8. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181435,SRX181437...,SRX181431,SRX181433,SRX181441,SRX181439 ...

  9. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  10. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  11. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult ce10 Histone Adult Adult SRX958296,SRX958294,SRX958297,SRX95...X743651,SRX113609 ...

  12. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Histone Adult Adult head SRX287978,SRX287840,SRX287...287784,SRX287783,SRX287795,SRX287796,SRX403437,SRX403435,SRX403434 ...

  13. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Histone Adult Adult head SRX287832,SRX287831,SRX287...287828,SRX403435,SRX403434,SRX287795,SRX287796,SRX287784,SRX287783 ...

  14. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Histone Adult Adult head SRX287840,SRX287839,SRX287...287796,SRX287943,SRX287795,SRX287783,SRX287656,SRX287655 ...

  15. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult ce10 Histone Adult Adult SRX743640,SRX958296,SRX958294,SRX95...X743650,SRX113609 ...

  16. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  17. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  18. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult ce10 All antigens Adult Adult SRX794054,SRX958296,SRX958294,...47,SRX743650,SRX743648,SRX743651,SRX113609 ...

  19. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult ce10 All antigens Adult Adult SRX794054,SRX958296,SRX958294,...51,SRX743648,SRX743647 ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  1. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  2. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  3. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  4. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 TFs and others Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  5. File list: NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 No description Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  6. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  7. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  8. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  9. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  10. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  11. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  12. File list: NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  13. File list: NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 No description Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  14. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  15. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Input control Adult Octopaminergic neurons ...

  16. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  17. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  18. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  19. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  20. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  1. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 TFs and others Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  2. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  3. File list: NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  4. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  5. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  6. File list: His.Adl.20.H2APERIODV.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.H2APERIODV.AllCell dm3 Histone H2A.V Adult SRX287940,SRX287939,SRX914961...,SRX914959,SRX914963 ...

  7. File list: Pol.Adl.10.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase III Adult ...SRX395531,SRX331268,SRX331270,SRX395532 ...

  8. File list: Oth.Adl.50.SuBRACKETLTplBRACKETR.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  12. Alternate Communications Spectrum Study (ACSS) for Aviation Data Links (ADL)

    Matolak, David W.


    The aim of the work was to identify the key factors involved in the use of alternate spectrum in various bands for a future integrated CNS data link. The study focused on systems and spectral bands that can deliver VDL-or-higher data rates in a two-way communication setting (including air-ground, ground-air, and air-air modes of operation), with multiple platforms (aircraft) operating in the same local environment. We begin with a review of the initial task list, and the final task list. The final task list contained a focus upon spectral availability and related systems that could be affected by the deployment of a new aviation data link (ADL) system. Most of this addresses the lower few layers of the communications protocol stack. A brief review of current related efforts in the aeronautical community is then provided, in which we describe several systems and programs of interest. Participation in some of these efforts is recommended. We also delineate several of the advantages and disadvantages of these system/efforts, in view of anticipated requirements of a new ADL. Desired attributes of a new ADL system are then discussed, and a connection with existing systems is made. The need to consider a wider set of alternative systems and technologies is described, and the beneficial aspects of a particular transmission technique- spread spectrum-are discussed. We then discuss in more detail several potential spectral regions, in terms of propagation conditions, available technology, spectrum availability, and waveform selection. Some comments on the need for standardization are also provided. We note that none of the existing systems described will likely meet the full range of desired features of a new ADL, but that several systems and spectral regions offer promise in terms of one or more characteristics. A system design and analysis approach is then provided. In this, we again focus on the lower few layers of the protocol stack, and aim to capture the main features

  13. Constructing Active Architectures in the ArchWare ADL

    Morrison, Ron; Balasubramaniam, Dharini; Mickan, Kath; Oquendo, Flavio; Cîmpan, Sorana; Warboys, Brian; Snowdon, Bob; Greenwood, Mark


    Software that cannot change is condemned to atrophy: it cannot accommodate the constant revision and re-negotiation of its business goals nor intercept the potential of new technology. To accommodate change in such systems we have defined an active software architecture to be: dynamic in that the structure and cardinality of the components and interactions are not statically known; updatable in that components can be replaced dynamically; and evolvable in that it permits its executing specification to be changed. Here we describe the facilities of the ArchWare architecture description language (ADL) for specifying active architectures. The contribution of the work is the unique combination of concepts including: a {\\pi}-calculus based communication and expression language for specifying executable architectures; hyper-code as an underlying representation of system execution; a decomposition operator to break up and introspect on executing systems; and structural reflection for creating new components and bind...

  14. File list: NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 No description Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells ...

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  16. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  17. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  19. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Input control Adult Temperature se...nsitive cells ...

  20. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Input control Adult Temperature se...nsitive cells ...

  1. File list: NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 No description Adult Germline containing young adult... ...

  2. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Germline containing young ...

  3. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Germline containing young adult...X495061,SRX495102,SRX495062,SRX495066 ...

  4. File list: NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 No description Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  5. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Input control Adult Adult male fatbody http...:// ...

  6. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Input control Adult Adult male fatbody http...:// ...

  7. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Input control Adult Adult male fatbody http...:// ...

  8. File list: NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  9. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Input control Adult Adult male fatbody http...:// ...

  10. File list: NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  11. File list: NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 No description Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  12. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Germline containing young...4938,SRX466563,SRX495065,SRX495061,SRX494933,SRX495102,SRX494887 ...

  13. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Germline containing ...

  14. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Germline containing young... adult ...

  15. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  16. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Germline containing young... adult ...

  17. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Germline containing young...p/kyushu-u/ce10/assembled/InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult.bed ...

  18. File list: NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  20. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  1. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Germline containing young... adult ...

  2. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  3. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  4. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  5. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  6. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  7. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  8. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  9. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  10. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  11. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  12. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Germline containing young... adult ...

  13. File list: NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 No description Adult Germline containing young... adult ...

  14. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Germline containing ...

  15. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Germline containing young... adult ...

  16. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Germline_containing_young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  17. The effect of quality control circle on improving ADL training efficiency among cerebral stroke patients%品管圈在提高脑卒中患者ADL训练有效率中的应用

    蒲树英; 蒋玮; 谭波涛; 张茂舒; 李青; 李良洪


    Objective To put into the application of quality control circle (QCC) in the ADL training process for cerebral stroke patients to raise the ADL training efficiency. Methods Based on the low efficiency in ADL training of cerebral stroke pa﹣tients in the department of rehabilitation medicine ,the QCC team was established and implemented the measurements such as grasping of current condition,objective setting,analysis of essential factors,countermeasure protocol. It was observed the effective rate of ADL training of cerebral stroke patients. Results It was established ADL team. The ADL training efficiency of cerebral stroke patients was significantly raised from 42.67%(32/75) to 67.50%(27/40),the difference had statistical significance (χ2=6.439, P<0.01). Conclusion The correct application of QCC is helpful for improving ADL training efficiency,strengthening the cohesion of team work,standarding the training content for nurses,playing a positive role in enriching the significance of nursing specialties.%目的:将品管圈应用于脑卒中患者日常生活活动能力(ADL)训练,以提高患者ADL训练的有效率。方法成立品管圈小组,针对康复医学科脑卒中患者ADL训练有效率低的情况,运用品管圈手法进行现状把握、目标设定、要因分析、对策拟定并实施,观察活动前后脑卒中患者ADL训练的有效率。结果通过开展品管圈活动,脑卒中患者ADL训练有效率由活动前的42.67%(32/75)提高到活动后的67.50%(27/40),差异有统计学意义(χ2=6.439,P<0.01)。结论开展品管圈活动能提高脑卒中患者ADL训练的有效率,提升团队凝聚力,规范专科护士培训内容,丰富了专科护理内涵。

  18. Muscle strength as a predictor of onset of ADL dependence in people aged 75 years

    Rantanen, Taina; Avlund, Kirsten; Suominen, Harri;


    each muscle group tested, three equal groups were formed for men and women separately based on distributions of results. Those who reported being unable or needing help for eating, dressing, bathing, toileting, walking indoors or transferring from a bed or a chair were rated as ADL dependent. Of the...

  19. The Use of Hydrogel Materials Coletex-ADL and Colegel in the Treatment of Purulent Frontal Sinusitis

    Khar’kova N.А.


    Full Text Available The aim of the investigation was to assess the treatment efficacy of purulent frontal sinusitis including local use of Russian hydrogel materials with antiseptic, analgesic and hemostatic properties in combination with sinus obliteration by osteoplastic materials and physiotherapy. Materials and Methods. The study involved 20 subjects who had been operated on for destructive changes of frontal sinus walls due to purulent frontitis. For local treatment we used Russian depot-materials: hydrogel medical compositions based on biopolymer — sodium alginate. Intraoperatively we sanitated frontal sinuses: using hydrogel matrix Colegel with dioxydine and ε-aminocaproic acid we lined sinus walls and bone defect area at the level of operative approach after obliteration by osteoplastic composition МК-9М. A postoperative wound was blindly sutured and covered by hydrogel textile-biopolymer-based Coletex-ADL napkin with dioxydine and lidocaine. Magnetotherapy was being carried out since first postoperative days. Results. Local intra- and postoperative use of hydrogel materials in combination with sinus obliteration by osteoplastic material and magnetotherapy since the first postoperative days contributed to the healing of frontal area wounds by primary adhesion within an optimal period. We recorded no complications and adverse sequelae of surgical interventions, hospital stay decreased by 7–10 days. Conclusion. The use of Russian hydrogel materials — Colegel and Coletex-ADL matrices with antiseptics, anesthetic and hemostatic agents combined with sinus obliteration by osteoplastic materials contributes to the prevention of complications, reduction of the treatment period of patients with destructive changes of frontal sinus walls in inflammatory processes.

  20. Differences between questionnaire-and interview-based measures of activities of daily living (ADL) ability and their association with observed ADL ability in women with rheumatoid arthritis, knee osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia

    Wæhrens, E. E.; Bliddal, Henning; Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente;


    Although self-report based on questionnaire is the common method to obtain information about activities of daily living (ADL) ability in rheumatic diseases, little is known about the relationship between measures of ADL ability based on questionnaire, interview, and observation. The present study...... examined whether measures of self-reported ADL ability based on questionnaire and interview yielded different results, determined whether the magnitude of the difference varied among women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), knee osteoarthritis (OA), and fibromyalgia (FM), and investigated the relationships...

  1. Changes in Antibody Levels during and following an Episode of Acute Adenolymphangitis (ADL among Lymphedema Patients in Leogane, Haiti.

    Katherine E Mues

    Full Text Available Episodes of acute adenolymphangitis (ADL are often the first clinical sign of lymphatic filariasis (LF. They are often accompanied by swelling of the affected limb, inflammation, fever, and general malaise and lead to the progression of lymphedema. Although ADL episodes have been studied for a century or more, questions still remain as to their etiology. We quantified antibody levels to pathogens that potentially contribute to ADL episodes during and after an episode among lymphedema patients in Léogâne, Haiti. We estimated the proportion of ADL episodes hypothesized to be attributed to specific pathogens.We measured antibody levels to specific pathogens during and following an ADL episode among 41 lymphedema patients enrolled in a cohort study in Léogâne, Haiti. We calculated the absolute and relative changes in antibody levels between the ADL and convalescent time points. We calculated the proportion of episodes that demonstrated a two-fold increase in antibody level for several bacterial, fungal, and filarial pathogens.Our results showed the greatest proportion of two-fold changes in antibody levels for the carbohydrate antigen Streptococcus group A, followed by IgG2 responses to a soluble filarial antigen (BpG2, Streptococcal Pyrogenic Exotoxin B, and an antigen for the fungal pathogen Candida. When comparing the median antibody level during the ADL episode to the median antibody level at the convalescent time point, only the antigens for Pseudomonas species (P-value = 0.0351 and Streptolysin O (P-value = 0.0074 showed a significant result.Although our results are limited by the lack of a control group and few antibody responses, they provide some evidence for infection with Streptococcus A as a potential contributing factor to ADL episodes. Our results add to the current evidence and illustrate the importance of determining the causal role of bacterial and fungal pathogens and immunological antifilarial response in ADL episodes.

  2. A comparative study of ADL at home and at care facilities : differences between system of elderly daycare administration

    Mitsumura, Mika; Someya, Fujiko


    [Purpose] In elderly daycare facilities, services are provided according to independence support, which is the basic philosophy of Long-Term Care Insurance, to maintain and improve the user s activities of daily living (ADL). However, the efforts aimed at independence support and methods of service vary from facility to facility. In this study, we examined the relationship between the administrations system of the facilities and the user s independence of ADL, comparing two typ...

  3. Loneliness in elderly individuals, level of dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) and influential factors.

    Hacihasanoğlu, Rabia; Yildirim, Arzu; Karakurt, Papatya


    This study has been carried out to investigate the level of loneliness, determine the level of dependence in the ADL and influential factors in the elderly people. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 Family Healthcare Centers (FHC) located in central Erzincan, Turkey between March and June 2010. The data of the research was collected using a questionnaire that determined the descriptive and UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS). Mean score of the UCLA-LS was determined as 51.59 ± 4.44. It was determined that 2% of the elderly ADL were completely dependent, 14.5% were semi-dependent. Factors such as being old, a widow/divorced, having a lower level of education and/or income, living alone, having a chronic disease, poor self-perceived health, lack of visits by relatives or acquaintances, dissatisfaction with the place of living, and being fully dependent while performing daily activities were determined as factors which increased the level of loneliness. Furthermore, factors such as being old, a female, a widow/divorced, living together with a daughter/son, having a chronic disease and poor self-perceived health were found to be influential in dependency. Elderly people who are alone and dependent in fulfilling their ADL should be monitored more closely. PMID:21514680

  4. Client-centred ADL intervention after stroke: Occupational therapists' experiences.

    Ranner, Maria; von Koch, Lena; Guidetti, Susanne; Tham, Kerstin


    Background This study was conducted in the context of a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effect of a client-centred activities in daily living intervention (CADL). The aim of the CADL was to enable agency in daily activities and participation in everyday life among persons with stroke. Objective This qualitative, longitudinal study aimed to describe how occupational therapists (OTs) applied the CADL in their clinical practice by studying their experiences and reflections concerning their interaction with the clients with stroke. Methods Six OTs who conducted the CADL were followed through interviews and observations on four separate occasions over one year. Data were analysed using a grounded theory approach. Results Sharing was the core category showing how the OTs helped their clients to achieve agency in daily activities. Through sharing the situation the OTs strove to obtain an empathetic understanding of the clients' lived experience throughout the whole intervention process in order to enable the clients' ownership of their daily activities. Conclusion The continuity of sharing seems to be the key for a gradual increase in agency. The approach of sharing should preferably be applied by all members of the interprofessional team, including the client and significant others. PMID:26654956




    Full Text Available Throughout the years, Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL became an important part of DRESMARA’s teaching and education programs. This paper presents an overview of the past and present ADL related initiatives that took place in DRESMARA, along with a short analysis of key issues related with ADL implementation. Also presents the content of a typical online complementary package that provides all the needed support for a resident course. In the end presents the latest developments and efforts to bring innovative and effective methods, practices and technology to the NATO Alliance and the Partnership for Peace Program, in order to enhance education and training initiatives and enrich DRESMARA’s course offering.

  6. Quantitative Assessment of ADL: A Pilot Study of Upper Extremity Reaching Tasks

    Saiyi Li


    Full Text Available Effective telerehabilitation technologies enable patients with certain physiological disabilities to engage in rehabilitative exercises for performing Activities of Daily Living (ADLs. Therefore, training and assessment scenarios for the performance of ADLs are vital for the promotion for telerehabilitation. In this paper we investigate quantitatively and automatically assessing patient’s kinematic ability to perform functional upper extremity reaching tasks. The shape of the movement trajectory and the instantaneous acceleration of kinematically crucial body parts, such as wrists, are used to compute the approximate entropy of the motions to represent stability (smoothness in addition to the duration of the activity. Computer simulations were conducted to illustrate the consistency, sensitivity and robustness of the proposed method. A preliminary experiment with kinematic data captured from healthy subjects mimicking a reaching task with dyskinesia showed a high degree of correlation (Cohen’s kappa 0.85 with p<0.05 between a human observer and the proposed automatic classification tool in terms of assigning the datasets to various levels to represent the subjects’ kinematic abilities to perform reaching tasks. This study supported the use of Microsoft Kinect to quantitatively evaluate the ability of individuals with involuntary movements to perform an upper extremity reaching task.

  7. Ventilatory demand and dynamic hyperinflation induced during ADL-based tests in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease patients

    Karoliny dos Santos


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background Airflow limitation frequently leads to the interruption of activities of daily living (ADL in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD. These patients commonly show absence of ventilatory reserve, reduced inspiratory reserve volume, and dynamic hyperinflation (DH. Objective To investigate ventilatory response and DH induced by three ADL-based protocols in COPD patients and compare them to healthy subjects. Method Cross-sectional study. COPD group: 23 patients (65±6 years, FEV1 37.2±15.4%pred; control group: 14 healthy subjects (64±4 years matched for age, sex, and body mass index. Both groups performed all three tests: Glittre-ADL test; an activity test that involved moving objects on a shelf (TSHELF; and a modified shelf protocol isolating activity with upper limbs (TSHELF-M. Ventilatory response and inspiratory capacity were evaluated. Results Baseline ventilatory variables were similar between groups (p>0.05. The ventilatory demand increased and the inspiratory capacity decreased significantly at the end of the tests in the COPD group. Ventilatory demand and DH were higher (p0.05 and ventilatory demand increased at the end of the tests (p<0.05 but to a lower extent than the COPD group. Conclusion The TSHELF induces similar ventilatory responses to the Glittre-ADL test in COPD patients with higher ventilatory demand and DH. In contrast, the ventilatory response was attenuated in the TSHELF-M, suggesting that squatting and bending down during the Glittre-ADL test could trigger significant ventilatory overload.

  8. Support for Evolving Software Architectures in the ArchWare ADL

    Morrison, Ron; Balasubramaniam, Dharini; Mickan, Kath; Oquendo, Flavio; Cîmpan, Sorana; Warboys, Brian; Snowdon, Bob; Greenwood, Mark; 10.1109/WICSA.2004.1310691


    Software that cannot evolve is condemned to atrophy: it cannot accommodate the constant revision and re-negotiation of its business goals nor intercept the potential of new technology. To accommodate change in software systems we have defined an active software architecture to be: dynamic in that the structure and cardinality of the components and interactions are changeable during execution; updatable in that components can be replaced; decomposable in that an executing system may be (partially) stopped and split up into its components and interactions; and reflective in that the specification of components and interactions may be evolved during execution. Here we describe the facilities of the ArchWare architecture description language (ADL) for specifying active architectures. The contribution of the work is the unique combination of concepts including: a {\\pi}-calculus based communication and expression language for specifying executable architectures; hyper-code as an underlying representation of system ...

  9. The easy ADL home: A physical-virtual approach to domestic living

    Surie, Dipak; Pederson, Thomas; Janlert, Lars-Erik


    Smart environments worthy of the name need to capture, interpret, and support human activities that take place within their realms. Most existing efforts tend to focus on either real world activities or activities taking place in the virtual world accessed through digital devices. However, as...... digital computation continues to permeate our everyday real world environments, and as the border between physical and digital continues to blur for the human agents acting in these environments, we need system design approaches that can cope with human activities that span the physical-virtual gap. In...... within the easy ADL home. An initial qualitative study of the system involving 20 subjects revealed a highly positive attitude (score 4.37 out of 5) towards the system's capability of co-locating and synchronizing physical and virtual events throughout the everyday activity scenarios, while classical...

  10. Self-reported Quality of ADL Task Performance in Adults with Schizophrenia

    Nielsen, Kristina Tomra; Petersen, Rikke S.; Wæhrens, Eva Ejlersen


    December 2014 among in- and out patients from Aalborg University Hospital – Psychiatry and Brønderslev Psychiatric Hospital. The sample was a consecutive sample of convenience fulfilling the following inclusion criteria: age ≥ 18 years, diagnosed with psychotic disorders (F20) according to ICD 10 and...... evaluation tool developed to describe and measure the quality of ADL task performance in terms of effort/fatigue, use of time, safety risks, and need for assistance based on self-report. Occupational therapists employed at the hospitals and trained in conducting the ADL–I were collecting data. The interviews...... were conducted at the wards or in the occupational therapy clinic. Results In total, 107 patients participated in the study. Two thirds were men and the participants were between 20-71 years (mean 36 years and SD 12,5 years). Results indicated that the participants to some extent reported decreased...

  11. Measuring quality of occupational performance based on self-report and observation : development and validation of instruments to evaluate ADL task performance

    Waehrens, Eva Ejlersen


    Background People with rheumatic or neurologic conditions are commonly referred for occupational therapy because of decreased ability to perform ADL tasks. Upon referral, occupational therapists use a client-centred, occupationfocused approach when evaluating a person's perceived and observed quality of ADL task performance to clarify the nature and extent of the person’s problems, plan interventions and determine effectiveness of interventions. Evaluation of the extent of problems and change...

  12. Possibility of Independence in ADL (Activities of Daily Living) for Patients with Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries : An Evaluation based on the Zancolli Classification of Residual Arm Functions

    Yoshimura, Osamu; Takayanagi, Kiyomi; Kobayashi, Ryuji; Hosoda, Masataka; Minematsu, Akira; Sasaki, Hisato; Maejima, Hiroshi; Matsuda, Yuiti; Tanaka, Satiko; Matsuo, Akihisa; Kanemura, Naohiko


    For patients with cervical spinal cord injuries to become independent in their ADL (Activities of Daily Living), residual arm function is very important. Also, age, sex, physical strength, obesity, spasticity, pain, contracture and motivation are related. We investigated the possibility of independence in ADL for patients with cervical spinal cord injuries, carrying out our evaluation based on the Zancolli Classification of Residual Arm Functions. Zancolli classification C6BII is taken as the...

  13. The Link between Cognitive Measures and ADLs and IADL Functioning in Mild Alzheimer's: What Has Gender Got to Do with It?

    Hall, James R; Hoa T. Vo; Johnson, Leigh A.; Robert C Barber; S. E. O'Bryant


    Objectives. To investigate the link between neurocognitive measures and various aspects of daily living (ADL and IADL) in women and men with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods. Participants were 202 AD patients (91 male, 111 female) with CDR global scores of ≤1. ADLs and IADLs ratings were obtained from caregivers. Cognitive domains were assessed with neuropsychological testing. Results. Memory and executive functioning were related to IADL scores. Executive functioning was linked to tota...

  14. Restoring ADL function after wrist surgery in children with cerebral palsy: a novel Bilateral robot system design.

    Holley, D; Theriault, A; Kamara, S; Anewenter, V; Hughes, D; Johnson, M J


    Cerebral palsy is a leading cause of disability in children and reducing its effects on arm function will improve quality of life. Our goal is to train children with CP after wrist tendon transfer surgery using a robotic therapy system consisting of two robot arms and wrist robots. The therapeutic goal is to determine if the robot training combined with surgery intervention improved functional outcomes significantly more than surgery alone. To accomplish this long-term goal we have developed a Bilateral ADL Exercise Robot, BiADLER aimed at training children with CP in reach to grasp coordination on ADLs. Specifically, the robot will provide active training using an assist-as-needed. This paper presents the design concepts. PMID:24187280

  15. Older Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders with Activities of Daily Living (ADL Limitations: Immigration and Other Factors Associated with Institutionalization

    Esme Fuller-Thomson


    Full Text Available This study determined the national prevalence and profile of Asian Americans with Activities of Daily Living (ADL limitations and identified factors associated with institutionalization. Data were obtained from 2006 American Community Survey, which replaced the long-form of the US Census. The data are nationally representative of both institutionalized and community-dwelling older adults. Respondents were Vietnamese (n = 203, Korean (n = 131, Japanese (n = 193, Filipino (n = 309, Asian Indian (n = 169, Chinese (n = 404, Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (n = 54, and non-Hispanic whites (n = 55,040 aged 55 and over who all had ADL limitations. The prevalence of institutionalized among those with ADL limitations varies substantially from 4.7% of Asian Indians to 18.8% of Korean Americans with ADL limitations. Every AAPI group had a lower prevalence of institutionalization than disabled Non-Hispanic whites older adults (23.8% (p < 0.001. After adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics, Asian Indians, Vietnamese, Japanese, Filipino, and Chinese had significantly lower odds of institutionalization than non-Hispanic whites (OR = 0.29, 0.31, 0.58, 0.51, 0.70, respectively. When the sample was restricted to AAPIs, the odds of institutionalization were higher among those who were older, unmarried, cognitively impaired and those who spoke English at home. This variation suggests that aggregating data across the AAPI groups obscures meaningful differences among these subpopulations and substantial inter-group differences may have important implications in the long-term care setting.

  16. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Arigita, Elena


    The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality). By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Sp...

  17. The effect of gamma irradiation on crude fibre NDF, ADF, and ADL of some Syrian agricultural residues

    The effects of 150 KGy of gamma irradiation on crude fibre and its main components (cellulose, hemicellulose-cellulose and lignin) and on neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent lignin (ADL), and acid detergent fibre (ADF) were investigated. The results indicate that gamma irradiation decreased Cf content by 30%, 28%, 29%, and 17% for cottonwood, lentils straw, apple-tree pruning products and olive-oil cake, respectively. NDF values also decreased by 5%, 23%, 13% and 3% for, cottonwood, lentils straw, olive-oil cake and apple-tree pruning products respectively. Gamma irradiation (150 KGy) had no effects on ADF and ADL for lentils straw, apple-tree pruning products and olive-oil cake whereas, ADF decreased by 8.5% and ADL by 8.3 for cottonwood. Hemicellulose content increased by 12% for cottonwood while decreased by 54% for lentils straw and by 33% for apple-tree pruning products with no effects for olive-oil cake. Cellulose content decreased by 8.6% for cottonwood whereas no effects for the remaining residues were seen. Gamma irradiation treatment improved the nutritive value of the agriculture residues examined. The reduction in crude fibre content varies with the residue. (author). 15 refs., 5 tabs

  18. HIV and disability: a pilot study exploring the use of the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to measure daily life performance

    Jacqueline Gahagan


    Full Text Available Introduction: Limitations in performing activities of daily living (ADL are important indicators of health and overall wellness, yet relatively few studies specifically identify the ADL abilities of people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs. Given the wide range of abilities and ages of PHAs, there is an urgent need to utilize an assessment of ADL ability that can validly evaluate those who are very able, as well as those who are very disabled, without the presence of ceiling or floor effects, to provide sensitive measures to detect change. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gather preliminary evidence of the validity of using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS with PHAs. Methods: By utilizing existing data records of PHAs from the international AMPS database, we explored (a demographic factors; (b person response validity by examining person and individual item goodness-of-fit to the AMPS measurement model; and (c trends in ADL abilities of PHAs. Findings: There were 137 data records in the international AMPS database (0.08% of the database. Goodness-of-fit analyses revealed that >90% of the individuals in the sample fit AMPS measurement model and >99% of the individual item ratings fit the model. More than 80% of the data record had ADL motor abilities that were significantly lower than age expectations, and 67% had ADL process ability measures that were significantly lower than age expectations. Conclusions: The findings indicate that the AMPS is a valid measure of ADL ability for PHAs. Coupled with the lower than expected number of AMPS data records for PHAs and the significant ADL ability challenges that were encountered by this sample, this pilot study may indicate that PHAs encounter barriers to accessing rehabilitation services and/or may not receive referrals until significant ADL challenges are encountered.

  19. Reduction in patient burdens with graphical computerized adaptive testing on the ADL scale: tool development and simulation

    Wang Weng-Chung


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness and efficacy of saving time and reducing burden for patients, nurses, and even occupational therapists through computer adaptive testing (CAT. Methods Based on an item bank of the Barthel Index (BI and the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI for assessing comprehensive activities of daily living (ADL function in stroke patients, we developed a visual basic application (VBA-Excel CAT module, and (1 investigated whether the averaged test length via CAT is shorter than that of the traditional all-item-answered non-adaptive testing (NAT approach through simulation, (2 illustrated the CAT multimedia on a tablet PC showing data collection and response errors of ADL clinical functional measures in stroke patients, and (3 demonstrated the quality control of endorsing scale with fit statistics to detect responding errors, which will be further immediately reconfirmed by technicians once patient ends the CAT assessment. Results The results show that endorsed items could be shorter on CAT (M = 13.42 than on NAT (M = 23 at 41.64% efficiency in test length. However, averaged ability estimations reveal insignificant differences between CAT and NAT. Conclusion This study found that mobile nursing services, placed at the bedsides of patients could, through the programmed VBA-Excel CAT module, reduce the burden to patients and save time, more so than the traditional NAT paper-and-pencil testing appraisals.

  20. Examination of Children's Recess Physical Activity Patterns Using the Activities for Daily Living-Playground Participation (ADL-PP) Instrument

    Stellino, Megan Babkes; Sinclair, Christina


    Thorough assessment of children's physical activity is essential to efficacious interventions to reduce childhood obesity prevalence. The purpose of this study was to examine children's recess physical activity (RPA) patterns of behavior using the Activities of Daily Living-Playground Participation (ADL-PP: Watkinson et al., 2001)…

  1. Occupation-based evaluation and intervention : validity of the assessment of motor and process skills when used with persons with mental retardation

    Kottorp, Anders


    The ability to perform everyday life occupations is a critical component in both evaluation and intervention for persons with mental retardation (MR). While the ability to perform personal and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) has always been important for occupational therapy (OT) practice, there is an absence in OT literature and research with a focus on ADL and persons with MR. The overall aim of this thesis was to evaluate the validity of the Assessment of Motor and Process Sk...

  2. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Arigita, Elena


    Full Text Available The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality. By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Spain. Based on in-depth interviews with these leaders, she explores how the Movement’s commitment to Morocco as well as the ummah (Universal Community of Believers interact with the way these muslims perceive and position themselves in the national context of Spain.

    Se examina en este ensayo la evolución reciente de las asociaciones musulmanas en España creadas por inmigrantes marroquíes vinculados al movimiento islámico al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justicia y Espiritualidad. Partiendo de las declaraciones de un liderazgo emergente de este movimiento en España, la autora trata de explicar cómo el compromiso político de estas personas y el vínculo espiritual con su Guía marroquí incorporan, al tiempo que reelaboran, elementos del discurso dominante sobre la necesaria adaptación del islam a España. Entrevistas en profundidad con estos activistas revelan cómo los lazos del Movimiento con Marruecos y con la umma (Comunidad universal de creyentes interactúan con el modo en el que estos musulmanes perciben y se posicionan en el contexto nacional de España.

  3. Quick lateral movements of the trunk in a seated position reflect mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) function in frail elderly individuals.

    Iwata, Akira; Higuchi, Yumi; Kimura, Daisuke; Okamoto, Kensuke; Arai, Shin; Iwata, Hiroshi; Fuchioka, Satoshi


    A novel and safe performance test for measuring mobility is described. The test, which we have named the Seated Side Tapping test (Side Tapping test), requires the subjects to move their bodies laterally to the left and right in turn as quickly as possible whilst remaining in a seated position. We examined the associations between the results of the new test and those of other mobility tests, ADL, and the use of walking aids. The participants were 75 frail elderly people who were receiving rehabilitation services. Gait speed and the timed up and go (TUG) test were employed as mobility tests, and the participants' use of walking aids was recorded. The ADL score was assessed using the Barthel Index. Significant correlations were found between the side tapping test and gait speed (r=-0.59, pwalking aids. These results indicate that an ability to perform quick lateral trunk movements in a seated position reflects their mobility during standing. Thus, we concluded that since the side tapping test is simple and safe, it is useful for detecting mobility impairments, ADL levels, and the need for walking aids, especially in frail elderly individuals. PMID:23270712

  4. Can the Glittre ADL test differentiate the functional capacity of COPD patients from that of healthy subjects? O teste de AVD-Glittre é capaz de diferenciar a capacidade funcional de indivíduos com DPOC da de saudáveis?

    Krislainy S. Corrêa; Manuela Karloh; Letícia Q. Martins; Karoliny dos Santos; Anamaria F. Mayer


    BACKGROUND: The Glittre ADL (TGlittre) test is a specifically designed to assess functional limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. However, it is not known if it can differentiate the performance of these patients from healthy subjects. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the Glittre ADL test is able to differentiate the functional capacity of COPD patients from that of healthy subjects and to compare the cardiorespiratory response between Glittre ADL and the six-...

  5. The Kingman tree length process has infinite quadratic variation

    Dahmer, Iulia; Knobloch, Robert; Wakolbinger, Anton


    In the case of neutral populations of fixed sizes in equilibrium whose genealogies are described by the Kingman $N$-coalescent back from time $t$ consider the associated processes of total tree length as $t$ increases. We show that the (c\\`adl\\`ag) process to which the sequence of compensated tree length processes converges as $N$ tends to infinity is a process of infinite quadratic variation; therefore this process cannot be a semimartingale. This answers a question posed in Pfaffelhuber et ...

  6. 長寿者の居住地の特性と日常生活動作能力 (Activities of Daily Living : ADL)

    荒木, 英俊


    A study on relationship between the living environment and activities of daily living (ADL) was conducted to all eldery persons of more than 100 years old in 1993. The response was received from 840 males (73.6%) of 100-107 years of ages. Living environment was devided into three areas according to the geographical areas (Hokkaido-Tohoku-Hokuriku-Sanin, Kanto-Tokai-Kinki, and Sanyo-Shikoku-Kyushu), two community types according to an urban or an agricultural or fishing village, and four commu...

  7. The First Aid of Fracture Injury in the Wild Based on ADL Evaluation%ADL评价指导的最佳骨折急救方法



    研究基于ADL评价指导的野外骨折伤急救方法。提出一种基于ADL评价指导的野外骨折伤急救方法,采用ADL作为评价骨折伤急救效果好坏的标尺,将骨折伤的治理效果分为从高到低的完全自理、半自理、轻度缺陷、中度缺陷和严重缺陷5个档次,通过大量的实验和统计论证,给出最佳急救方案,提高骨折伤野外救助的效果。以长白山区的105例骨折伤为研究对象,分析了不同季节骨折伤的分布特性,并且对其采用ADL指标进行评价,得出夏季骨折伤治愈率最高的结论。所提的ADL评价体系对野外骨折伤急救具有很好的评价指导作用。%Research on the first aid of fracture injury in the wild based on ADL. A method of fracture injury first aid in the wild based on ADL evaluation was proposed, the ADL evaluation of the fracture injury first aid was taken as the ruler to judge whether the effect was good or not, the fracture injury control effect was divided into five grades, they were full-self-care, semi-self-care, mild defects, moderate defects and serious defects, the best method of the first aid was given out after much experiment and with which, the effect became better. The 105 cases of fracture injury in the Changbai Mountain area were researched and the distribution characteristics of fracture injury in different seasons was analyzed, the result shows that it is easier to be cured in summer and the ADL evaluation system has a good evaluation effect for first aid of fracture injury in the wild.

  8. Tradução, validação e adaptação cultural da escala de atividade de vida diária Translation, validation and cultural adaptation of the 'activities of daily living' scale (ADLS

    Priscila Zeitune Nigri


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a tradução, adaptação cultural e validação do "Knee Outcome Survey- Activities of Daily Living Scale" (ADLS para a língua portuguesa, bem como verificar suas propriedades de medida, reprodutibilidade e validade, para que o mesmo possa ser usado como um instrumento específico para avaliação de sintomas em pacientes brasileiros portadores de afecções no joelho durante as atividades de vida diária. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas 2 entrevistas,na primeira o questionário foi aplicado em conjunto ao Lysholm, SF-36 e EAV (examinador 1. Após aproximadamente 30 minutos da primeira entrevista, os mesmos pacientes responderam apenas ao ADLS (examinador 2. Após um intervalo entre 7 a 10 dias, foi realizada a terceira entrevista constituída de nova aplicação do ADLS (examinador 2. RESULTADOS: A amostra consistiu de 53 entrevistados, sendo a média de idade de 33.0566 anos e patologia mais freqüente a lesão ligamentar (56,6%. O índice de Sperman obteve um valor de 0,986 (alfa=0,05, roOBJECTIVES: To perform the translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the "Knee Outcome Survey - Activities of Daily Living Scale" (ADLS into Portuguese, as well as to check its measurement, reproducibility and validity properties in order to make it useful as a specific instrument for evaluating symptoms in Brazilian patients with knee injuries during their daily living activities. METHODS: Two interviews were performed; in the first interview, the questionnaire was applied along with Lysholm's, SF-36 and VAS (investigator 1. Approximately 30 minutes after the first interview, the same patients answered only the ADLS (investigator 2. After a break of 7 to 10 days, a third additional interview with the ADLS was applied (investigator 2. RESULTS: The sample was constituted of 53 subjects, with mean age of 33.0566 years, with the most frequent pathology being ligamentar injury (56.6%. The Spearman's index used for inter

  9. VIIRS Atmospheric Products in the Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP)

    Cureton, G. P.; Gumley, L.; Mindock, S.; Martin, G.; Garcia, R. K.; Strabala, K.


    The Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) has a long history of supporting the Direct Broadcast (DB) community for various sensors, recently with the International MODIS/AIRS Processing Package (IMAPP) for the NASA EOS polar orbiters Terra and Aqua. CIMSS has continued this effort into the NPP/JPSS (previously NPOESS) era with the development of the Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP), supporting the VIIRS, CrIS and ATMS sensors on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) spacecraft. In time it is intended that CSPP will support GOES-R, JPSS and other geostationary and polar orbiting platforms. Here we focus on the implementation and usage of the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) atmospheric product sub-packages within CSPP, which are based on the Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS) code as implemented by Raytheon in the Algorithm Development Library (ADL). The VIIRS atmospheric algorithms available in CSPP include the Cloud Mask, Active Fires, Cloud Optical Properties, Cloud Top Parameters, and the Aerosol Optical Thickness algorithms. Each ADL sub-package consists of a binary executable and a series of configuration XML files. A series of python scripts handle ancillary data retrieval and preparation for ingest into ADL, manage algorithm execution, and provide a variety of execution options which are of utility in operational and algorithm development settings. Examples of these options, applied to operational and direct-broadcast VIIRS SDR data, are described.

  10. Wilde’ın The Happy Prince ve Swift’in A Modest Proposal Adlı Eserlerinde Artgönderimler / Anaphoric Reference Forms in Wilde’s The Happy Prince and Swift’s a Modest Proporal

    GENÇ, Bilal; Erkılıç, Gencer


    Özet: Sadece gerçek yaşamdaki dil kullanımında değil, edebi eserlerdeki dil kullanımındada hem yazılı, hem sözlü söylemde bütünlük sağlayan gönderim biçimleri kulanılmaktadır.Bu çalışmadaki amacımız Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) tarafından yazılan The Happy Prince-Mutlu Prens (1888) adlı kısa hikayedeki ve Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) tarafından yazılan A Modest Proposal-Mütevazi Bir Öneri (1729) adlı deneme yazısında bulunan artg...

  11. On Progressive Filtration Expansions with a Process; Applications to Insider Trading

    Kchia, Younes; Protter, Philip


    In this paper we study progressive filtration expansions with c\\`adl\\`ag processes. Using results from the theory of the weak convergence of $\\sigma$-fields, we first establish a semimartingale convergence theorem. Then we apply it in a filtration expansion with a process setting and provide sufficient conditions for a semimartingale of the base filtration to remain a semimartingale in the expanded filtration. Applications to the expansion of a Brownian filtration are given. The paper conclud...

  12. The Glittre-ADL test reflects functional performance measured by physical activities of daily living in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Manuela Karloh


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background The Glittre-ADL test (TGlittre is a valid and reliable test for the evaluation of functional capacity and involves multiple physical activities of daily living (PADL, which are known to be troublesome to patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD. However, it is still unknown if this test is also able to reflect the functional performance of patients with COPD. Objective To investigate whether the TGlittre reflects the functional performance of COPD patients and whether the necessary time to complete the TGlittre and the PADL varies according to disease severity. Method Thirty-eight patients with COPD (age 65, SD=7 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second 41.3, SD=15.2% predicted underwent anthropometric and lung function assessments and were submitted to the TGlittre and PADL measurement. Results TGlittre performance correlated significantly (p<0.05 with PADL variables, such as time sitting (r=0.50, walking (r=-0.46, number of steps taken (r=–0.53, walking movement intensity (r=–0.66, walking energy expenditure (r=-0.50, and total energy expenditure (r=–0.33. TGlittre performance was not significantly different in patients among the Global Initiative for COPD (GOLD spirometric stages, but walking and sitting time were significantly lower and greater, respectively, in severe and very severe patients compared to those with moderate disease (p<0.05. Conclusion The performance on the TGlittre correlates with walking and sitting time and other real life PADL measurements. The severity of the disease is associated with the differences in the level of physical activity in daily life more than in functional capacity.

  13. Investigation and analysis on 210 Senior citizens’ activity of daily living (ADL) in senior apartment%老年公寓210例老人日常生活能力(ADL)调查分析

    周琦; 秦生发; 马秋平; 梁凯讴; 黄子民


    目的:调查住老年公寓的日常生活能力与健康状况。方法:应用日常生活能力量表(ADL)对入住老年公寓210例老人测评。结果:调查对象中,平均每人患1.15种疾病(242/210);80-89岁组与60-69岁组,70-79岁组ADL分值比较,差异具有统计学意义(p<0.05)。结论:入住老年公寓老人具有高龄多病的特点,随着增龄日常生活能力显著下降,日常生活能力量表(ADL)具有良好的区分性。引入日常生活能力量表(ADL)进行评定,不失为老人分级管理的简便可靠的工具。%Objective:Investigation health conditions and activity of daily living of senior citizens living in senior apartment. Method:Appraising 210 senior citizens in senior apartment by using the Activity of Daily Living (ADL) scale. Result:On average, each respondent suffers from 1.15 kinds of disease (242/210), According to the comparison of the ADL values from 3 age groups of 80-89,60-69 and 70-79, the difference is statistically significant (p<0.05).Conclusion: Senior citizens living in senior apartment are characterized by the features of advanced ages and being troubled by diseases. While the age increases, the ability of daily living decreases. ADL scale has a fine distinguish ability. Therefore ADL scale is a convenient and reliable tool to classify senior citizens and furthermore facilitate a better care for the old.




    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Health problems are a major concern for the elderly and they are prone to diseases and disabilities more than the younger age groups which can make them physically and economically dependent. The increasing number of elderly in the country means that they are going to make contributions to the economy. Elderly persons, being one of the most vulnerable groups of the society have more chances of chronic disease, infections, as well as disabilities. Disability has been defined as a restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.[1] It reflects how well an individual is able to function in general areas of life. Disability in elderly can be grouped in three large groups. First - who can manage in their daily activities with the help of mechanical devices. Second - who have multiple health problems and severe limitations in mental and/or physical functioning who require very intensive levels of care. Third-in between above two groups, they are functionally disabled in one or two ADLs, or have mild cognitive impairments.[2] OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: 1. To assess disability related to Activities of Daily Living(ADL amongst the elderly in the urban and rural area. 2. To determine the use of physical aids by the elderly in both the urban and rural areas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among persons aged 60 years and above, in urban and rural areas in the Kamrup district, Assam. In the study, 400 no.s of elderly are under study of which 200 are from the urban area and 200 from the rural areas. The urban area is from the Guwahati city which consists of 60 municipalty blocks. Out of the sixty municipalty blocks, 10 no.s of blocks are randomly selected and 20 elderly are chosen from each block totaling a mark of 200.The kamrup rural area of Rani Community Development block is choosen from where 20 no.s of villages are

  15. 音乐疗法对脑卒中偏瘫患者肢体运动功能的影响%The Effects of Music Therapy on Motor Function and ADL in the HemipLegic Patients with Stroke

    宋涛; 许光旭; 龙丽华; 符鲲; 李辉萍; 陶希; 张付秀


    Objective To investigate the effects of music therapy on the limbs motor function and activity of daily living(ADL) in the hemipLegic patients with stroke. Methods A randomly case control study approach was conducted. Thirty nine hemiplegic patients with storke were randomly divided into experiment group(n=20) and control group (n=19).All patients were treated with routine rehabilitatinon training. Those patients In experiment group were treated with music therapy additionally. All patients were assessed by Fugl-Meyer assessment(FMA) and Modified Barthel Index(MBI) before and after 4-week therapy. Result After 4 weeks treatment in both groups, FMA and MBI scores improved significantly compared with anterior treatment(P<0.01). Meanwhile, FMA and MBI scores in experimental group increased outstanding higher than control group(P<0.01). Conclusion Music therapy can improve the limbs motor function and ADL in the hemiplegic patients with stroke.%目的:探讨音乐疗法对脑卒中偏瘫患者肢体运动功能和日常生活活动(ADL)能力的影响。方法采用随机病例对照方法,将入选的39例脑卒中患者随机分为治疗组(n=20)和对照组(n=19),治疗组音乐疗法进行干预。入选时和治疗4周后,用Fugl-Meyer运动功能评分方法和改良巴氏指数评定患者的肢体运动功能和ADL能力。结果同组间治疗前后比较,FMA和MBI均有明显改善,差异有显著性意义(P<0.01),治疗后治疗组与对照组之间的FMA和MBI值比较差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。结论音乐疗法可明显地促进脑卒中偏瘫患者肢体运动功能和ADL能力恢复。

  16. Sylvie Germaın’in gecelerin kitabı ve amber- gece adlı yapıtlarında büyülü gerçekçilik

    YILDIRIM, Ceylan


    ÖZET Çalışmamız, Germain’in Gecelerin Kitabı ve Amber-Gece adlı yapıtlarının Büyülü Gerçekçi anlatım tarzına göre incelenmesi ve yazarın her iki yapıtında kullanılan Büyülü Gerçekçi öğelerin örneklerle açıklanmasını kapsar. Germain’in söz konusu iki yapıtında hangi Büyülü Gerçekçi anlatım tekniklerini kullandığı, bu tarzın anlatım tekniklerini kullanırken hangi unsurlardan ya da kişilerden esinlenmiş olabileceği gösterilmeye çalışılmıştır. Germain’in iki yapıtının Büyülü Gerçek...

  17. Elizabeth Gaskell’ ın Mary Barton, North and South ve Wives and Daughters adlı romanlarında ‘İngiliz kimliği’

    TONOZ, Nurdan


    Bu çalışmanın amacı, Elizabeth Gaskell‟ın 19.yy‟da İngiltere‟deki sanayileşmenin sebep olduğu toplumsal sorunları ele alarak yazmış olduğu Mary Barton, North and South ve Wives and Daughters adlı romanlarının, hem sınıf hem de cinsiyet bağlamında meydana gelen kimlik tartışmalarını ele alan, yansıtan ve onlara bir tepki niteliği taşıyan romanlar olarak incelenmesidir. Giriş bölümünde, kısa olarak Gaskel‟ın bu üç romanında 19.yy da İngiltere‟de yaşanan değişimleri nasıl ele aldığı ve ...

  18. Cultural synthesis in the story„ Nasreddin Hodca und Weihnachtsmann“„Nasreddin Hodca und Weihnachtsmann“ adlı öyküde kültür sentezi

    Hikmet Asutay


    nemli bir yere sahip olan Osman Engin tarafından Alman dilinde okuyucuya nasıl aktarıldığı eser üzerinde irdelenmeye çalışılacaktır. Araştırmada kültürel yansımaları değerlendirmek amacıyla Osman Engin’in “Nasreddin Hodca und Weihnachtsmann” adlı hikâyesi seçilmiştir. “Nasreddin Hodca und Weihnachtsmann” adlı hikâyede Nasrettin Hoca’ya ait mizah özellikleri Almancaya aktarılabilmiş midir?  Gülme öğeleri hikâyenin Almancasında da hissedilebilmekte midir? Yazar içinde yaşadığı diğer kültürün inanç özelliklerine değinmiş midir, şeklindeki sorulara araştırmada cevap aranacaktır. Araştırma, benzerlikler ya da farklılıklar üzerine yoğunlaşan karşılaştırmalı çalışmaların araştırma nesnesi olarak sadece öteki kültürün ürünlerini ele almasının aksine her iki kültürü bir araya getiren Türk-Alman yazınından bir eseri incelemesi bakımından kanımızca önem taşımaktadır. Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normal Tablo"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  19. Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’in Suda Halkalar Adlı Eserinde Su İmajları ve Benzetmeler Water Images and Metaphors in Suda Halkalar Which Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’s Work



    Full Text Available Suda Halkalar (Circles in Water which the poetry book of Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, has not been translated into the Latin alphabet to the present day. The images of the water and metaphors which used in this work brought new connotations and approaches to the Turkish poetry. The images of the water in the poetry book are used instead of the poet's soul and dreams sometimes. These images are thought with poet’s darling and sometimes are used as a background. The poetformed the images of the water in his poem sadly. There are the poetand his darling in these tables. The images of the water and thedreams of the poet form the background of the poem. The backgroundsin this poem are repeated as a leitmotiv. Visuality and individualitybecomes important feature in these tables created by the poet. Themetaphors in the work created differently from classical Turkish poetry.These metaphors brought a new meaning to the poem. The poem basedon the intellectual grounds via metaphors. This can be considered asone of the significant achievements of Turkish poetry. We can see thatthe past remembered and desired both in poetry and metaphors bypessimistic feeling. In this respect the past affects the poet's dreamscombining with a sense of mourning, water images and metaphors inpoetry. The metaphors can be grouped as imaginary, visual andstrongly poetic ground. The feelings of pessimism and sadness arepredominant in these metaphors. The images and metaphors used bythe poet can be considered as an improvement for Turkish poetry. It isthe first research done on Suda Halkalar (Circles in Water will help tobetter understand and identify Çamlıbel’s aspect of poetry and literaryline. Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’in Suda Halkalar adlı şiir kitabı günümüze kadar Latin harflerine aktarılmamıştır. Bu eserde kullanılan su imajları ve benzetmeler Türk şiirine yeni yaklaşımlar ve çağrışımlar getirmiştir. Eserdeki su imajları bazen şairin ruhu ve hayalleri

  20. Can the Glittre ADL test differentiate the functional capacity of COPD patients from that of healthy subjects? O teste de AVD-Glittre é capaz de diferenciar a capacidade funcional de indivíduos com DPOC da de saudáveis?

    Krislainy S. Corrêa


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Glittre ADL (TGlittre test is a specifically designed to assess functional limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients. However, it is not known if it can differentiate the performance of these patients from healthy subjects. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the Glittre ADL test is able to differentiate the functional capacity of COPD patients from that of healthy subjects and to compare the cardiorespiratory response between Glittre ADL and the six-minute walk test (6MWT. METHODS: The study included 10 patients with COPD (GOLD 2 to 4 and 10 healthy subjects matched by age who performed the following: spirometry pre-and post-bronchodilator, a Glittre ADL test and two 6MWT on two consecutive days. RESULTS: The performance of COPD (FEV1%pred= 38.1±11.8, age=64±10 years, BMI=23.7±5.2 kg/ m² was worse than the control group on TGlittre (5.26±2.9 min, 3.3±0.3 min, p0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The performance of COPD patients is worse than that of healthy subjects on the Glittre ADL test, with a greater increase in dyspnea and similar heart rates.CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: O teste de AVD Glittre (TGlittre é um teste específico desenvolvido para avaliar a limitação funcional em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC, no entanto não se sabe qual sua capacidade de diferenciar o desempenho de doentes do de indivíduos saudáveis. OBJETIVOS: Investigar se o TGlittre é capaz de diferenciar a capacidade funcional de pacientes com DPOC da de indivíduos normais, além de comparar a resposta cardiorrespiratória induzida pelo TGlittre com a do teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6min. MÉTODOS: Participaram do estudo dez indivíduos com DPOC (GOLD 2 a 4 e dez indivíduos saudáveis de mesma faixa etária, realizando as seguintes avaliações: espirometria pré e pós-broncodilatador; um TGlittre e dois TC6min em dois dias consecutivos. RESULTADOS: O grupo DPOC (VEF1%prev = 38,1±11,8, idade = 64±10 anos

  1. Halveti-Şâbânî Şeyhi Mustafa Kemâleddîn Bekrî ve Hediyyetü’l-Ahbâb Adlı Eseri

    Halim Gül


    Full Text Available AbstractThis article studies the life and woks of Kemaleddin Bekrî, who affiliated himself to Khalvati-Shabani Sheikh Abdullatîf b. Hüsameddîn el-Halebî, and who was growed up under Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi’s control. His work “Hadiyyat al-Ahbab fi ma li’l-Khalveti min al-Şuruti va’l-Adab”, which explains the conditions and rules of “khalvet” was also studied. The work consists of preface, eight parts and an epilogue and all parts examined in detail.ÖzetBu makalede, Abdülganî Nablusî’nin (ö.1143/1730 gözetiminde yetişen, halvetî-Şabânî şeyhi Abdullatîf b. Hüsameddîn el-Halebî’ye intisap eden Mustafa Kemaleddin Bekrî’nin hayatı ve eserleri incelenmiştir. Bu çerçevede onun tasavvufi bir kavram olan halvetin âdab ve şartlarını izah eden “Hediyyetü’l ahbâb fî mâ li’l-halveti mine’ş-şurûti ve’l-âdâb” adlı risalesinin incelenmesi ve değerlendirmesi üzerinde durulmuştur. Söz konusu eser, mukaddime sekiz bölüm ve bir hatimeden oluşmaktadır.Le Shaykh Khalwatî-Sha‘bânî Mustafâ Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî et son Traité qui s’intitule Hadiyya al-ahbâbRésuméDans cet article, on va étudier d’abord la vie et les œuvres du Shaykh Khalwatî-Sha‘bânî Mustafâ Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî qui a été éduqué par le célèbre soufi ‘Abd al-Ghanî Nablûsî (m. 1143/1730 et a été initié par ‘Abd al-Latîf b. Husâm al-Dîn al-Halabî. Puis, plus particulièrement, on va analyser son traité qui s’intitule ‘Hadiyya al-ahbâb fî mâ li’l-khalwatî min al-shurût wa’l-âdâb’. Ce traité – qui a été composé de dix-huit chapitres et d’une conclusion – étudie les convenances et les conditions de la retraite spirituelle, khalwa, une des notions soufies importantes

  2. 康复护理对颅脑外伤患者运动功能和ADL的效果探讨%Observation of the Effect of Rehabilitation Nursing on Motor Function and ADL of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients



    Objective To observe and analyze the effect of rehabilitation nursing on motor function and ADL of traumatic brain injury patients. Methods 152 cases with traumatic brain injury were selected and randomly divided into two groups, 76 cases in each group. The control group were given routine nursing, while the observation group were given comprehensive rehabilitation nursing based on routine nursing. Results After rehabilitation treatment, the FAM score (68.4 ± 22.1) of the observation group was significantly higher than that (44.3 ± 20.4) of the control group with a statistically significant difference (tFAM=6.986, P=0.000). After rehabilitation treatment, the MBI score (77.4 ± 19.4) of the observation group was significantly higher than that (51.5 ± 21.2) of the control group with a statistically significant difference (tMBI=7.857,P=0.000). Conclusion Rehabilitation nursing is an effective treatment for traumatic brain injury patients, which can improve motor function and activities of daily living of the patients with a good treatment effect. It is worthy of popularization and application.%目的:探讨分析康复护理对颅脑外伤患者运动功能和ADL的改善情况。方法选取颅脑外伤患者152例,随机分为2组,各76例。给予对照组患者常规护理手段,观察组患者在对照组基础上给予综合康复护理措施。结果观察组康复治疗后的FAM评分为(68.4±22.1),明显高于对照组的FAM评分(44.3±20.4),差异有统计学意义(tFAM=6.986,P=0.000);观察组康复治疗后的MBI评分为(77.4±19.4),明显高于对照组的MBI评分(51.5±21.2),差异有统计学意义(tMBI=7.857,P=0.000)。结论康复护理是治疗和改善颅脑外伤患者肢体运动功能和日常生活活动能力的有效治疗手段,治疗效果良好,值得推广应用。

  3. Mehmed Enisî Yalkı’nın Alman Ruhu Adlı Seyahatnamesine İmgebilimsel Bir Yaklaşım An Imagologist Approach To Mehmet Enisi Yalkı's Travelbook

    Yılmaz DAŞCIOĞLU


    , Cumhuriyetle birlikte sistematik hale getirilen batı tipi Türk kimliğinin inşasında önemli bir görev üstlendiğini söylemek yanlış olmayacaktır. Bu çalışmada, II. Meşrutiyet’in ilanı ile birlikte büyük bir artış gösteren yurt dışı seyahatnamelerinden birisi imgebilimsel yöntemle incelenmektedir. Meşrutiyet dönemi isimlerinden gazeteci-yazar Mehmed Enisî Yalkı’nın, henüz Latin alfabesine aktarılmayan Alman Ruhu adlı seyahatnamesinde yeni bir ulusun, batı tipi Türk’ün inşası için teklif ettiği Alman/Almanya modeli çeşitli imgeler aracılığıyla çözümlenmektedir. Bütün bir seyahatname boyunca “Alman gibi çalış”, “Alman gibi metin ol”, “Alman gibi ruhunu kuvvetlendir”, “Alman gibi adalete hizmet et” nidalarının bir arka fon olarak çınlaması, Almanya’nın model alınmasının teklif edilmesinin açık işaretleridir. Çalışmanın sonunda, Tanzimat’tan Cumhuriyet’e kadar uzanan yeni bir ulusun inşası bunalımını yaşayan Osmanlı aydınının, seyahatnameyi bir edebi tür gibi kullanmaktan çok, toplumu eğitmek, ona yön vermek, ona alternatif yaşam ve kültür sunmak kaygısıyla kaleme aldığı tespit edilmektedir.

  4. Hâlit Ziya Uşaklıgil'in ''Kar Yağarken'' Adlı Öyküsüne Yapısalcı Bir Yaklaşım A Structuralist Approach to Hâlit Ziya Uşaklıgil's Short Story "Kar Yağarken" (While It Snows

    Yavuz Sinan ULU


    Full Text Available 20th century is admitted era of structuralism in the human sciences. Firstly, structuralism emerged in range of linguistic and completed the process of acquisition of a scientific identity in this field. Sometimes structuralism was adopted as a method in expression of fact, sometimes it also was described as doctrin or common tendency of diffrent groups. Structuralism, founded by F. de Saussure, is interested in structures and it aspecially researches on general institutes making these structures on. Structuralism has a tendency to degradefhenomans up to some parts of these institutes. Structuralism theoryaims at determining and describing frame of components thosegenerating a narration and detecting every component’s function in thewhole part. According to structuralism, every single component isvaluable and these components are like keys those provide to cross intodeep structure from surface based upon simultaneity.This paper includes an analysis of the short story "Kar Yağarken"belonging to one of the most significant novelists of Turkish LiteratureHalit Ziya Uşaklıgil in the way of structuralism. This story occupied inBir Şi'r-i Hayal which published in 1914. Key element of Uşaklıgil'sstoryies is love of child. Writer opens the children's world of doors toreader with sensibility which wring the hearts. "Kar Yağarken" is alsosuch a story. In the story that is about pathetic lifestory of a lonelyfoundling by the name of Sermed, his dilemmas, rat race, dreams andlots of facts more are symbolized by the means of person, place, time,object, scent, and emotion profile. Child heart flourishing by a fury coatis represented by Sermed. 20. yüzyıl, insan bilimlerinde yapısalcılık çağı olarak adlandırılır. Yapısalcılık, ilk kez dilbilim sahasında kendini göstermiş ve bilimsel bir kimlik kazanım sürecini bu alanda tamamlamıştır. Yapısalcılık, bazen olguları ifadede bir yöntem olarak benimsenmiş bazen de öğreti veya

  5. Relação entre a limitação nas atividades de vida diária (AVD e o índice BODE em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica Relationship between daily living activities (ADL limitation and the BODE index in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Karen M. Simon


    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: A Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica (DPOC é uma doença progressiva que reduz a capacidade funcional, comprometendo as atividades de vida diária (AVD. A morbidade e a mortalidade na DPOC apresentam uma estreita relação com a limitação funcional nesses pacientes. OBJETIVOS: Verificar se há associação entre a limitação nas AVD e o índice preditor de mortalidade BODE em pacientes com DPOC moderada a muito grave e não moderada e grave. MÉTODOS: Trinta e nove pacientes com DPOC GOLD 2 a 4, em uma amostra de conveniência, foram submetidos às avaliações: espirometria, índice de massa corpórea (IMC, escala London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL, teste da caminhada de seis minutos (TC6min; escala Medical Research Council (MRC, e o índice BODE foi calculado. O escore total e o percentual do escore total da LCADL (LCADL%total foram comparados entre os pacientes dos quatro quartis do BODE utilizando-se ANOVA. O Coeficiente de Correlação de Spearman foi utilizado para verificar a associação entre os escores da LCADL e do índice BODE. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes apresentaram em média VEF1%prev=37,0±12,2%, idade=66±8 anos. A LCADL%total apresentou correlação com o BODE (r=0,65, pBACKGROUND: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD is a progressive disease that reduces functional capacity, deteriorating the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL. A close relationship between morbidity and mortality with functional limitation is observed in patients with COPD. OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is a relationship between ADL limitation and the BODE index, which is a predictor of mortality, in patients with moderate to severe COPD. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with COPD GOLD 2 to 4 recruited by convenience, were submitted to the following tests: spirometry, body mass index (BMI, the London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL scale, six-minute walking test (6MWT, the Medical Research Council

  6. Osmanlı Devleti’nde Kadınlara Yönelik Tarih Öğretimi Çabaları ve Ali Seydi Bey’in Kızlara Mahsûs Târîh-i Osmânî Adlı Eseri


    ÖzetBu makalede Osmanlı Devleti’nde kadınlara yönelik tarih öğretimi paralelinde kaleme alınmış olan “Kızlara Mahsûs Târîh-i Osmânî” adlı eser, tarih eğitimi ve kadın eğitimi bağlamında incelenmiştir. Osmanlı Devleti’nde eğitim Tanzimat Fermanı’nın ilanından sonra değişmeye başlamıştır. Modernleşme paralelinde açılan yeni bürokratik kurumların nitelikli eleman ihtiyacını arttırması eğitimin devlet tarafından yeniden organize edilmesine ve yeni eğitim kurumlarının doğmasına yol açmıştır. Bu ye...

  7. Hasan Basri Çantay’ın “On Kere Kırk Hadis” Adlı Eserinde Ahkâm Hadislerine Getirdiği Fıkhî Yorumlar / Hasan Basri Çantay’s Fiqh Interpretations on Ahādīth Ahkām In The Entitled Book ‘On Kere Kırk Hadis’

    Mehmet Özkan


    Full Text Available Milli mücadele yıllarının öne çıkan isimlerinden biri olan Hasan Basri Çantay yazarlık, gazetecilik, öğretmenlik ve milletvekilliği gibi birçok alanda faaliyet göstermiş, çeşitli konularda yazılar yazmış, eserler kaleme almıştır. İslami ilimler alanında da kendini yetiştiren Çantay’ın bu alandaki en önemli eseri “Kur’an-ı Hakîm ve Meal-i Kerîm” adlı Kur’an mealidir. İkinci önemli eseri, “On Kere Kırk Hadis” adlı kitabıdır. 1955-1962 yılları arasında üç cilt halinde basılan bu kitap iman, ibâdet, temizlik, ahlak, muâmelat, evlenme, boşanma, suç ve cezalar, şûra, askerlik ve cihat, savaş hukuku,  helal,  haram gibi birçok konuyla ilgili bin iki yüz hadisten oluşmaktadır. Bunların yaklaşık dört yüz yirmisi ahkâm hadisidir. Çantay, hadisleri tercüme etmekle kalmamış yeri geldikçe izahlarda da bulunmuştur. Bu çalışmada Çantay’ın yaklaşık yüz otuz ahkâm hadisine yaptığı izah ve fıkhî değerlendirmelerden örneklere yer verilecektir.Hasan Basri Çantay, one of the most famous personalities in the National Struggle period in Turkey, has been active in many areas such as writing, journalism, teaching and member of parliament. Additionally, he has written the articles and the books on various topics. He educated himself in the field of basic Islamic sciences. His most important Qur'anic interpretation (tafsir is entitled “Kur’an-ı Hakîm ve Meal-i Kerîm” and his second major work is titled “On Kere Kırk Hadis.” The book, published in three volumes between 1955 and 1962 years, consist of thousand two hundred hadith associated with many issues, such as faith, worship, cleanliness, morals, procedures, marriage and divorce, crime and punishment, the council, soldiering, jihad, law of war, lawful, forbidden. Approximately four hundred and twenty of hadith are ahādīth ahkām. Çantay has translated hadith and occasionally interpreted them in the

  8. The Hamlet Application Design Language: introductory definition report

    M.R. van Steen


    textabstractThis report provides an introduction to the definition of the Hamlet Application Design Language (ADL). ADL is a graphical-based language and notation supporting the design of parallel real-time applications. Designs expressed in ADL are based on a model of processes that communicate by

  9. 19. Yüzyıl Klasik Şairlerimizden Muhammed Şerîfî’nin Dürr-i Manzûm Adlı Menakıpnamesi The Menaqibname Named Dürr-i Manzûm Of Muhammed Şerîfî Who Is One Of Our 19th Century Classic Poets



    Full Text Available This study aims to introduce the work named Dürr-i Manzûm which is a example of menaqıpname.Menaqıpname is the common name of the religious-mystical works about the legends and miracles formed around the life of a saint. Turkish literature makes acquainted with menaqıpnames through mysticism consisting of Islam. The first menaqıpname of Turkish literature is the work named Tezkire-i Satuk Buğra Han which is written at the end of the 11th century. From this century, more than 100 menakıpnames are indited by copyright or translation in Anatolia.One of the verse examples of this genre is, also, belong to Muhammed Şerîfî who is one of our 19th century classic poets. In this menaqıpname named Dürr-i Manzûm, various parables about Ebû Hanîfe and his student İmâm Yûsuf are narrated. The work is mesnevi and consists of 605 couplets. A single copy that can be detected of the work is registered in the National Library of Turkey (archives nu. 06 Mil Yz A 2032.In the introduction of the study consists of six chapters, general information about the prose and verse menaqibnames in the classical Turkish literature is given. The first chapter consists of various determinations of menaqıpname named Dürr-i Manzûm. The second chapter contains the transcribed text of this work. The results from this study are summarized in the third chapter. In the fourth chapter, sources used this study are stated. The fifth chapter includes a short glossary of Dürr-i Manzûm. Examples of original text of the work are given in the last chapter.In this study, menaqibname genre which is very important in terms of Turkish history, culture and literature is explained and a verse example of the genre is presented in the context of “analyse-text-dictionary”. Bu çalışma bir menakıpname örneği olan Dürr-i Manzûm adlıeseri tanıtmayı amaçlamaktadır.Menakıpname, bir velinin hayatı çevresinde oluşmuş menkıbeveya kerâmetleri anlatan din

  10. Necip Fazıl Kısakürek’in Yunus Emre Adlı Tiyatro Eseri Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Study About Yunus Emre, A Theatre Work Written By Necip Fazıl Kısakürek

    Turan GÜLER


    ürler içinde tiyatroya büyük bir önem veren Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, Yunus Emre adlı oyununda Yunus Emre‟ye oyunun başkişisi olarak yer vermiştir. Bu çalışmada Necip Fazıl Kısakürek‟in Yunus Emre adlı tiyatrosu, oyunun kimlik çözümlemesi, konusu, olay dizisi, kişilik çözümlemesi, mekân ve dekor çözümlemeleri gibi yapısal unsurları bakımından incelenecektir. Eserde Türk-İslam tarihi içinde önemli bir yere sahip olan Yunus Emre‟nin menkıbelere dayalı hayatı tablolaştırılmıştır. Bu tablo içinde bir yandan Yunus Emre‟nin Anadolu‟ya gelmesi ile başlayan serüveni anlatılırken diğer yandan şiirleri aracılığı ile Yunus Emre‟nin yaşadığı tasavvufi yolculuk anlatılır. Oyunda, Yunus Emre devrinde Anadolu‟da vuku bulan bazı sosyal ve siyasal olaylara da göndermeler yapılır. Anadolu‟daki Moğol saldırıları ve hakimiyeti, Selçuklu Devleti‟nin son durumu, Beylikler arasındaki iç çekişmeler, halkın çaresizliği, bu karmaşa içinde tarikatların üstlendikleri çeşitli roller gibi meselelere oyunda yer verilmiştir. İncelememizde yapısal unsurların yanı sıra, bu gibi tematik hususlara da temas edilmiştir. Bu şekilde Yunus Emre‟nin çok fonksiyonlu kimliği ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır. Son olarak yazar için önemli bir husus olan „Büyük Cihad‟ yani nefis terbiyesi gibi oyunun asıl tez konusuna dikkat çekilmiştir.

  11. Effect Of Bobath Approach In Improving Adl Of Hemiplegic Patients

    Karthikeyan Thangavelu; A. S. Moorthy


    -Stroke is the third leading cause of death and the primary cause of long term disability. It is a sudden, focal neurological deficit resulting from ischemic (or) hemorrhagic lesions in the brain. It affects more than six lakhs people all over the world each year. In the analysis and interpretation of Functional independence scale and Barthel Index of Bobath approach, There was a significant in the FIM scales pre test (M= 67.3, SD=0.96) and post test (M= 74.9, SD=0.96) t(9)=25.01, P ≤0.01 whi...

  12. Process Accounting

    Gilbertson, Keith


    Standard utilities can help you collect and interpret your Linux system's process accounting data. Describes the uses of process accounting, standard process accounting commands, and example code that makes use of process accounting utilities.

  13. “Gülün Adı ve Benim Adım Kırmızı” Adlı Romanlara Karşılaştırmalı Bir Yaklaşım A Comparative Approach to the novels “Name of the Rose and My Name Is Red”

    Elmas ŞAHİN


    Literature; Concepts of Criticism (1963, C:L: Wrenn'in The Idea of Comparative Literature (1973, Rey Chow'un In the Name of Comparative Literature (1995 gibi eserlerle, bizde ise İnci Enginün'ün Mukayeseli Edebiyat (1992, Gürsel Aytaç'ın Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat Bilimi (1997, Emel Kefeli'nin Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat İncelemeleri (2000 ve Kamil Aydın’ın Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat: Günümüz Postmodern Bağlamda Algılanışı (2008 adlı çalışmalar karşılaştırmalı edebiyat bilimine katkı sağlayan ilk kuramsal yaklaşımlardandır.Karşılaştırmalı edebiyat, 1950’lerden sonra postmodern edebiyatın da gelişmesiyle birlikte metinlerarasılık kavramıyla da adını sıkça duyurmaya başlar. Gerek dil gerekse tema ve teknik açılardan eş ya da art zamanlı benzerlikler; metinlerarası göndermeler, alıntılar, montajlar; benzer söylemler ve kaynak metnin yeniden yorumlanışı gibi etkileşimler karşılaştırmalı edebiyat bilimini yakından ilgilendirir.Bu bağlamda çağımız yazarlarından İtalyan yazarı Umberto Eco'nun Gülün Adı (1980 ile Orhan Pamuk'un Benim Adım Kırmızı (1998 adlı eserleri farklı coğrafyalarda edebiyat sahasına girmelerine karşın, içerik ve biçim bağlamında benzer noktalara sahiptirler vekarşılaştırmalı edebiyat için eş zamanlı bir örnek teşkil etmektedirler.Bu çalışmada Gülün Adı ile Benim Adım Kırmızı adlı eserler, metneodaklı inceleme metodu kullanılarak öz ve biçim açısındankarşılaştırılacaktır. Her iki eser de, ortak tür, konu ve motifler dikkatealınarak; metinlerarası boyutta irdelenip; karşılaştırmalı edebiyatyönetimiyle benzer ve farklılıklarıyla çözümlenecektir.

  14. Nursing Cooperation Team in the Training of ADL in Patients with Hemiplegia after Stroke in the Effects Observed%护理协作团队合作在脑卒中偏瘫患者ADL训练中的效果观察

    徐华清; 吴碧静; 杨宇宁


    Objective:To observe the effect of nursing cooperation team training on activities of daily living in patients with stroke (ADL training).Method:60 stroke patients in recovery stage were randomly divided into control group (30 cases) and observation group (30 cases).The control group received the routine nursing,and the observation group with and rehabilitation doctor,nurse,therapist,nutritionist responsibility,patients,families,full-time nursing staff joint involvement of nursing team,in view of the patient assessment results to give the corresponding basic life activities (BADL) and assisted living (IADL) ability training activities.Using the basic life activities and discharged on two groups of admission,respectively (BADL) Ability Scale (Barthel index rating scale) and functional independence measure (FIM) assessment.Result:In the observation group,Baahel index and FIM score was compared with the control group,the two groups improved obviously,the difference has statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusion:The nursing cooperation team,effectively improve the patient’s initiative and participation,significantly improve stroke patients on the activities of daily living,promote the rehabilitation of patients.%目的:护理协作团队合作在脑卒中患者日常生活活动训练(ADL训练)中的效果观察。方法:将60例脑卒中恢复期患者按随机数字表法分为对照组(30例)与观察组(30例)。对照组实施常规护理;观察组采用与康复医生、责任护士、治疗师、营养师、患者、家属、专职生活护理人员联合参与的护理协作团队,针对患者的评估结果给予相应的基本生活活动(BADL)和辅助生活活动(IADL)能力训练。分别于两组入院时、出院时采用基本生活活动能力(BADL)量表(Barthel指数评定量表)及功能独立性评定(FIM)进行评定。结果:观察组Baahel指数及FIM评分均较对照组改善,比较差

  15. Primary Processing

    Mulder, W.J.; Harmsen, P.F.H.; Sanders, J.P.M.; Carre, P.; Kamm, B.; Schoenicke, P.


    Primary processing of oil-containing material involves pre-treatment processes, oil recovery processes and the extraction and valorisation of valuable compounds from waste streams. Pre-treatment processes, e.g. thermal, enzymatic, electrical and radio frequency, have an important effect on the oil r

  16. Budgeting Process

    Hentschke, Guilbert C.; Shaughnessy, John


    Attempts to describe the budgeting process in school districts. Discusses general budget calendars and explains the process of constructing a Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) chart of the budgeting process. Presents a detailed list of activities to be included in the budgeting process and a PERT chart indicating how these activities…

  17. Halit Fahri Ozansoy'un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler Adlı Eserinde Bahçe İmajları ve Renkler Garden Images and Colors in Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s Work of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler



    Full Text Available Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s poetry books of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler printed with old letters but not transformed to the Latin alphabet until now. In his work, garden images and colors which loaded special meaning of poet was known as hidden pearls and no research have been made on this work till now. Garden images in poetry are sometimes colorful, light and sometimes dull and dark. These images change with the with the poet's spirit world. We can visualize the garden images like an oil painting. These images drawn by the poet's words, show poet’s mood like a mirror. The colors used in the poem vary with garden images. This change appears with the change of the mental status of the poet. Thus, the poet uses the colors in accordancewith the different tables and his mood. When there are a lively andwarm colors in optimistic tables, dark and dull colors chosen inpessimistic tables. The poet's choice of the colors is not a coincidence.This selectivity included to poetry with different sensations. In his work,Ozansoy has described variety of colors in different gardens.Imagination, imagery and various emotions had been made with oneaccord in his depictions. The colors and portraits of garden form thepoet’s imagination. Colorful memories in the garden which experiencedin a darling moves from poet's imagination to the verses of the poem.Imagination, colors and gardens are described with darling. Theseimageries compose the garden images and semantic change of thecolors. Halit Fahri Ozansoy’un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler adlı şiir kitabı eski harflerle basılmış ancak günümüze kadar Latin harflerine aktarılmamıştır. Bu eserde şairin bahçe imajları ve renklere yüklediği anlamlar saklı inciler gibi gizli kalmış ve günümüze kadar üzerinde inceleme yapılmamıştır. Şiirdeki bahçe imajları bazen renkli, ışıklı ve bazen de donuk ve karanlıktır. Şairin değişen ruh dünyası ile birlikte bu imajlar da değişir. Bah

  18. Katilini Yaratan Annelik: Elif Şafak'ın "İskender" Adlı Romanından Yola Çıkarak Türkiye'de Kadınlık Ve Erkeklik Rollerine Dair Bir Sorgulama Motherhood Creating Its Killer: Based On Elif Shafak's Novel "Alexander" Questioning The Femininity And Masculinity In Turkey

    İlknur MEŞE


    Full Text Available Elif Shafak‟s novel “Alexander” holds many references tofemininity and masculinity in the context of the „purity‟ of woman and„honor‟ of man, which still exist in Turkey. On the cover of the book, thewriter poses in man‟s suit which tells us that it is woman –especiallymothers- who prepares man to the appropriate masculinity. Theinequality between man and woman has been built culturally ratherthan a natural result created by biological differences. The concept ofmasculinity has been shaped by political, ideological, and marketorientedinterests. In this sense, masculinity gained hard meanings likemind, power, will, achievement, activity, committing violence, actingindependently, and knowing to rule the others. However, the concept offemininity - having the reverse situation- has soft meanings likecompassion, pity, conscience, peaceful, passivity, and sensuality.Woman has tried to negotiate her secondary position by aspiringthe power of man. In this sense, we can assess woman‟s wish for a malechild as a wish of legitimate power. Her wish of compensating herhelplessness with the power attributed to man has no benefit otherthan creating anothervictimhood. Femininity and its repercussionmotherhood are something produced down the generations. More orless each new generation has been affected by this legacy. Both menand women will be able to get over this power cycle by questioning thecultural system and using the capacity of their subjectivity. Elif Şafak‟ın “İskender” adlı romanı, Türkiye‟de halen varlığınısürdüren, kadının „namusu‟ ve erkeğin „şerefi‟ üzerinden kadınlık veerkeklik rolleri tanımlamalarına dair çok göndermeler bulabileceğimizbir eser. Yazarın, kitabın kapağında bir erkek takım elbisesi içindeverdiği pozun bize anlattığı şey, tıpkı romanın başkahramanı olanİskender gibi, erkekleri, kabullere uygun erkeklik rolüne hazırlayanlarınkadınlar -özellikle anneler

  19. 17. Yüzyıl Azerbaycan Sahasında Yazılan Hikayat Adlı Eserdeki Ünlü Uyumları Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Study On Vowel Harmony In Written Work Named Hikáyát In Azerbaijani Field In Seventeenth Century

    Meltem GÜL


    rkçenin seslerini ifade etmedeki yetersizliğinden dolayı genellikle yabancı araştırmacıların yazmış olduğu transkripsiyon metinleri üzerinde araştırmalar yapılmıştır. Bu transkripsiyon metinleri kendi içlerinde bazı problemleri barındırmalarına rağmen Türkçe’nin tarihi için çok değerli kaynaklardır. Bu çalışmada 17. yüzyıl ünlü uyumları Hikāyāt adlı eser örneği üzerinde incelenerek dönemin özellikleriyle karşılaştırılmıştır. Öncelikle metinde hangi eklerin ünlü uyumunu bozduğu tespit edilmiştir. Uyuma aykırılıkların ne ölçüde olduğu belirtilip bu aykırılıklar sözcük kök ve gövdelerindeki aykırılıklar ve eklerde aykırılıklar olmak üzere ayrı başlıklar altında incelenmiştir.Bunun dışında büyük ünlü uyumunun tam olarak olup olmadığına bakılmıştır. Ayrıca 17. Yüzyılın en önemli ses olaylarından olan dudak uyumunun Hikāyāt metninde nasıl görüldüğü tespit edilmiştir. Uyuma aykırılıkların ne ölçüde olduğu belirlenmiştir. Düzleşme konusunda kurallı bir kullanımın olup olmadığı ortaya konulmuştur.17. yüzyıl Orta Osmanlıca dönemi bir geçiş dönemi olarak değerlendirilir. Eserde ünlü uyumlarında tam bir geçiş dönemi özelliklerinin görülüp görülmediği belirlenmiştir. Eklerin genel olarak nasıl kullanıldıkları belirlenmiştir.Ayrıca Azerbaycan sahasında yazılan bu eserle ünlü uyumu üzerinde Azerbaycan Türkçesinin etkilerini yansıtan ek kullanımları belirlenmeye çalışılarak Azerbaycan Türkçesiyle Türkiye Türkçesi arasındaki dil özelliklerinin farkları ortaya konulmuştur. Bu makale üzerinde çok sınırlı araştırmaların bulunduğu 17. yüzyıl Türkçesinin aydınlatılmasına katkı sağlayacaktır.

  20. Elektrokemiske Processer

    Bech-Nielsen, Gregers


    Electrochemical processes in: Power sources, Electrosynthesis, Corrosion.Pourbaix-diagrams.Decontamination of industrial waste water for heavy metals.......Electrochemical processes in: Power sources, Electrosynthesis, Corrosion.Pourbaix-diagrams.Decontamination of industrial waste water for heavy metals....

  1. Process mining

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.;


    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...

  2. Data processing

    Fry, T F


    Data Processing discusses the principles, practices, and associated tools in data processing. The book is comprised of 17 chapters that are organized into three parts. The first part covers the characteristics, systems, and methods of data processing. Part 2 deals with the data processing practice; this part discusses the data input, output, and storage. The last part discusses topics related to systems and software in data processing, which include checks and controls, computer language and programs, and program elements and structures. The text will be useful to practitioners of computer-rel

  3. Food processing

    The paper discusses the processes involved in food preparation for consumption and technological processing that could be used to reduce contamination of foodstuffs. The food processing transfer parameters - food processing retention factor, processing efficiency and the food processing factor - are defined and their relationships discussed. Data are presented for vegetables, fruit, cereals, dairy products, meat (mammals, birds and fish-edible fraction), fungi, seafoods and drinks. Processing procedures considered includes: simple washing and boiling for fruit, vegetables and mushrooms, boiling and milling for cereals, cooking and curing for meats, butter and cheese productions for dairy products and washing and cooking for seafoods. Storage times for foodstuffs have also been considered. A wide range of chemical elements are considered, with the majority of data presented caesium, strontium and iodine, stable element databases have been reviewed and relevant data used to extend the data set. A discussion of application of the data is presented with consideration of areas where cautions is needed. (author)

  4. A longitudinal study of change in asylum seekers Activities of Daily Living ability while in asylum centre

    Morville, Anne-Le; Amris, Kirstine; Eklund, Mona;


    them participated. ADL-ability was measured using Assessment of Motor and Process Skills and questionnaires about exposure to torture, self-reported mental health and pain. ADL motor and process measures, well-being and self-rated health declined from baseline to follow-up. Measures of pain and...... depression increased. Exposure to physical torture and change in ADL motor (r=0.525) measures were associated, as well as change in current pain and change in ADL process (r=0.525) measures. Due to preponderance of torture survivors analysis of group difference was not applicable. Health care workers should...

  5. Processing trends

    This paper identifies trends associated with the performance of automatic film processors in hospitals and nonhospital facilities, including chiropractic facilities. Automatic film processors were evaluated in more than 1,700 facilities as a part of the Nationwide Evaluation of x-ray Trends (NEXT) program. Processing was evaluated with use of the Sensitometric Technique for Evaluation of Processing (STEP) procedure, which involves the exposure of control film to a calibrated light sensitometer and evaluation of the resultant film density. A processing speed index of 100 means that the processor is processing films according to the film manufacturers' normal recommended specifications; deviation from this value suggest underprocessing or overprocessing conditions

  6. Design Processes

    Ovesen, Nis


    Inspiration for most research and optimisations on design processes still seem to focus within the narrow field of the traditional design practise. The focus in this study turns to associated businesses of the design professions in order to learn from their development processes. Through interviews...... advantages and challenges of agile processes in mobile software and web businesses are identified. The applicability of these agile processes is discussed in re- gards to design educations and product development in the domain of Industrial Design and is briefly seen in relation to the concept of dromology...

  7. Data processing

    The 1988 progress report of the Data Processing laboratory (Polytechnic School, France), is presented. The laboratory research fields are: the semantics, the tests and the semantic analysis of the codes, the formal calculus, the software applications, the algorithms, the neuron networks and VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration). The investigations concerning the polynomial rings are performed by means of the standard basis approach. Among the research topics, the Pascal codes, the parallel processing, the combinatorial, statistical and asymptotic properties of the fundamental data processing tools, the signal processing and the pattern recognition. The published papers, the congress communications and the thesis are also included

  8. Stochastic processes

    Parzen, Emanuel


    Well-written and accessible, this classic introduction to stochastic processes and related mathematics is appropriate for advanced undergraduate students of mathematics with a knowledge of calculus and continuous probability theory. The treatment offers examples of the wide variety of empirical phenomena for which stochastic processes provide mathematical models, and it develops the methods of probability model-building.Chapter 1 presents precise definitions of the notions of a random variable and a stochastic process and introduces the Wiener and Poisson processes. Subsequent chapters examine

  9. Tokat’ın 17. Yüzyıl Âlim Şairlerinden İshak Bin Hasan Tokatî ve Nazmu’l-Ulum Adlı Mesnevîsi Poetry in Rhymed Couplets of Tokatlı İshâk Efendi Nazmu'l-Ulûm

    Bayram ÖZFIRAT


    ncelediğimiz Nazmu’l-Ulûm adlı mesnevîsinde şâir, çeşitli ilimler hakkında bilgi verdikten sonra bunların öğrenilmesi gerektiğini vurgulamıştır. Mesnevî, arûz vezninin “Mefāīlün Mefāīlün Faūlün” kalıbıyla yazılmış olup 1098/1687 yılında Tokat’ta telif edilmiştir. Mesnevî toplam 422 beyittir. Araştırmalarımız neticesinde yirmi iki nüshasını tespit ettiğimiz mesnevîde çeşitli ilimler hakkında bilgi verildikten sonra bunların öğrenilmesi gereği vurgulanmaktadır. Nazmu’l-Ulûm bu yönüyle manzûm bir nasihatnâme olup öğrenilmesinin öğütlendiği ilimlerin bazıları şunlardır: 1. İlm-i tecvîd, 2. İlm-i Kelâm, 3. İlm-i Fıkıh, 4. İlm-i Tasavvuf ve Ahlâk, 5. İlm-i Hadîs, 6. İlm-i Tefsîr, 7. İlm-i Tıp, 8. İlm-i Lugat, 9. İlm-i Nahv ve Sarf, 10. İlm-i Mantık, 11. İlm-i Edeb, 12. İlm-i Usûl-i Fıkıh, 13. İlm-i Meânî, 14. İlm-i Hisâb, 15. İlm-i Hendese, 17. İlm-i Kîmyâ, 18. İlm-i Arûz, 19. İlm-i Eş’âr. Nazmu’l-Ulûm kafiye yönünden oldukça sağlamdır. Hatta eserin kafiye bakımından kusursuz bir yapıya sahip olduğunu söylemek de mümkündür. Mesnevîyi oluşturan kelimler dikkate alındığında Arapça ve Farsça kelimelerin çokluğu dikkat çekmektedir. Ama eserin bu özelliği onun akıcılığından bir şey kaybettirmemiştir. Mesnevîde her türlü kafiyeye rastlanmakla birlikte; en çok zengin ve tam kafiyelere yer verilmiş, az sayıda yarım kafiye kullanılmıştır. Mesnevîde, bolca söz sanatlarına ve tasvirlere yer verilmiştir. Gereksiz ifadelerden kaçınılmaya çalışılmıştır. İshâk Efendi arûz veznine ve dile hâkim bir şâirdir. Nazmu’l-Ulûm’da şâirin vezin kusuruna düşmeden dili rahatlıkla kullanması dikkat çekicidir. Bu özellik İshâk Efendi’nin şâirlik gücüne, çok sayıda şiir yazmasına ve yaşadığı dönem olan on yedinci yüzyıla değin Türkçe anlatımdaki gelişmeye de bağlıdır.

  10. Tahsin Ömer’in “Darb-I Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat” Adlı Atasözleri Seçkisi A Selection of Proverbs from Tahsin Ömer’s “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat”

    Abdulmuttalip İPEK


    foreword. Atasözleri ve deyimler, toplumların uzun süren gözlem, deneyim ve yaşantılarına dayandığından; ait oldukları toplumun yaşama biçiminden düşünce yapısına, değer yargılarından ahlâk anlayışına varıncaya kadar çok değişik konuları içerirler. Bu nedenle bir milletin bütün kültür ve değerler dünyasının özü mesabesinde olan kalıplaşmış sözlerdir. İletişim esnasında kısa, kestirme ve etkili bir anlatımı mümkün kılan atasözleri, aynı zamanda bir milletin felsefesini de yansıtır. Bu bakımdan bu söz varlıklarının bilinmesi ve yaşatılması hayatî önem arz etmektedir. Türk dilinin bilinen en eski sözlüğü olan Divânü Lügati’t-Türk’ten günümüze değin bu söz varlıklarını yaşatma ve kayıt altına alma amacına yönelik önemli sözlükler kaleme alınmıştır. Bunların her biri Türk dili ve kültürü açısından birbirinden değerli kaynaklardır. Bu makalede, yapılan taramalar ve araştırmalar neticesinde, bugüne kadar –bir iki yazı dışında– varlığından söz edilmemiş bir atasözü seçkisi üzerinde durulacaktır. 1337-1340 (M. 1921 yıllarında İstanbul Şehzâdebaşı’ndaki Evkâf Matbaası’nda basılan ve Tahsin Ömer tarafından kaleme alınmış olan “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlîlî Tedkîkât” adlı risalenin, Toronto Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi’nde PN 6505 T8 035 numarada kayıtlı, eski harfli matbu nüshası kısa bir değerlendirme ilave edilerek yeni yazıya çevrilmiştir. Tahsin Ömer’in iki buçuk sayfalık mukaddimede belirttiği üzere bu eser, memleketimizde kullanılan beş bine yakın darbımeselin birer birer tetkiki neticesinde toplanan iki yüze yakın sözün, sahip olduğu manalar itibariyle ayrı ayrı kadrolar halinde tasnif edilip, halkın çeşitli dersler çıkarması ve ibret alması amacıyla kaleme alınmış 16 sayfalık bir risaledir. Pek hacimli olmayan bu risalenin en dikkate değer tarafı müellifinin darb

  11. Kreative processer

    Schoch, Odilo


    Explaining the way of understanding processes and the development of visionary goals - linked to the daily business in archtiectural practise.......Explaining the way of understanding processes and the development of visionary goals - linked to the daily business in archtiectural practise....

  12. Sustainable processing

    Kristensen, Niels Heine


    Kristensen_NH and_Beck A: Sustainable processing. In Otto Schmid, Alexander Beck and Ursula Kretzschmar (Editors) (2004): Underlying Principles in Organic and "Low-Input Food" Processing - Literature Survey. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland. ISBN 3-906081-58-3...

  13. Organizing Process

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Bojesen, Anders

    This paper invites to discuss the processes of individualization and organizing being carried out under what we might see as an emerging regime of change. The underlying argumentation is that in certain processes of change, competence becomes questionable at all times. The hazy characteristics of...

  14. Peat Processing


    Humics, Inc. already had patented their process for separating wet peat into components and processing it when they consulted NERAC regarding possible applications. The NERAC search revealed numerous uses for humic acid extracted from peat. The product improves seed germination, stimulates root development, and improves crop yields. There are also potential applications in sewage disposal and horticultural peat, etc.

  15. Process automation

    Process automation technology has been pursued in the chemical processing industries and to a very limited extent in nuclear fuel reprocessing. Its effective use has been restricted in the past by the lack of diverse and reliable process instrumentation and the unavailability of sophisticated software designed for process control. The Integrated Equipment Test (IET) facility was developed by the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program (CFRP) in part to demonstrate new concepts for control of advanced nuclear fuel reprocessing plants. A demonstration of fuel reprocessing equipment automation using advanced instrumentation and a modern, microprocessor-based control system is nearing completion in the facility. This facility provides for the synergistic testing of all chemical process features of a prototypical fuel reprocessing plant that can be attained with unirradiated uranium-bearing feed materials. The unique equipment and mission of the IET facility make it an ideal test bed for automation studies. This effort will provide for the demonstration of the plant automation concept and for the development of techniques for similar applications in a full-scale plant. A set of preliminary recommendations for implementing process automation has been compiled. Some of these concepts are not generally recognized or accepted. The automation work now under way in the IET facility should be useful to others in helping avoid costly mistakes because of the underutilization or misapplication of process automation. 6 figs

  16. Grants Process

    The NCI Grants Process provides an overview of the end-to-end lifecycle of grant funding. Learn about the types of funding available and the basics for application, review, award, and on-going administration within the NCI.

  17. Membrane Processes.

    Pellegrin, Marie-Laure; Burbano, Marie S; Sadler, Mary E; Diamond, Jason; Baker, Simon; Greiner, Anthony D; Arabi, Sara; Wong, Joseph; Doody, Alexandra; Padhye, Lokesh P; Sears, Keith; Kistenmacher, Peter; Kent, Fraser; Tootchi, Leila; Aguinaldo, Jorge; Saddredini, Sara; Schilling, Bill; Min, Kyungnan; McCandless, Robert; Danker, Bryce; Gamage, Neranga P; Wang, Sunny; Aerts, Peter


    This review, for literature published in 2015, contains information related to membrane processes for municipal and industrial applications. This review is a subsection of the Treatment Systems section of the annual Water Environment Federation literature review and covers the following topics: pretreatment, membrane bioreactor (MBR) configuration, design, nutrient removal, operation, industrial treatment, anaerobic membrane systems, reuse, microconstituents removal, membrane technology advances, membrane fouling, and modeling. Other sub-sections of the Treatment Systems section that might relate to this literature review include: Biological Fixed-Film Systems, Activated Sludge and Other Aerobic Suspended Culture Processes, Anaerobic Processes, Water Reclamation and Reuse. The following sections might also have related information on membrane processes: Industrial Wastes, Hazardous Wastes, and Fate and Effects of Pollutants. PMID:27620084

  18. Electrochemical Processes

    Bech-Nielsen, Gregers


    The notes describe in detail primary and secondary galvanic cells, fuel cells, electrochemical synthesis and electroplating processes, corrosion: measurments, inhibitors, cathodic and anodic protection, details of metal dissolution reactions, Pourbaix diagrams and purification of waste water from...

  19. Processing Proteases

    Ødum, Anders Sebastian Rosenkrans

    Processing proteases are proteases which proteolytically activate proteins and peptides into their biologically active form. Processing proteases play an important role in biotechnology as tools in protein fusion technology. Fusion strategies where helper proteins or peptide tags are fused to the...... protein of interest are an elaborate method to optimize expression or purification systems. It is however critical that fusion proteins can be removed and processing proteases can facilitate this in a highly specific manner. The commonly used proteases all have substrate specificities to the N-terminal of...... the scissile bond, leaving C-terminal fusions to have non-native C-termini after processing. A solution yielding native C-termini would allow novel expression and purification systems for therapeutic proteins and peptides.The peptidyl-Lys metallopeptidase (LysN) of the fungus Armillaria mellea (Am) is...

  20. Membrane Processes.

    Pellegrin, Marie-Laure; Sadler, Mary E; Greiner, Anthony D; Aguinaldo, Jorge; Min, Kyungnan; Zhang, Kai; Arabi, Sara; Burbano, Marie S; Kent, Fraser; Shoaf, Robert


    This review, for literature published in 2014, contains information related to membrane processes for municipal and industrial applications. This review is a subsection of the Treatment Systems section of the annual Water Environment Federation literature review and covers the following topics: pretreatment, membrane bioreactor (MBR) configuration, design, nutrient removal, operation, industrial treatment, fixed film and anaerobic membrane systems, reuse, microconstituents removal, membrane technology advances, membrane fouling, and modeling. Other sub-sections of the Treatment Systems section that might relate to this literature review include: Biological Fixed-Film Systems, Activated Sludge and Other Aerobic Suspended Culture Processes, Anaerobic Processes, Water Reclamation and Reuse. The following sections might also have related information on membrane processes: Industrial Wastes, Hazardous Wastes, and Fate and Effects of Pollutants. PMID:26420079

  1. Renewal processes

    Mitov, Kosto V


    This monograph serves as an introductory text to classical renewal theory and some of its applications for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and probability theory. Renewal processes play an important part in modeling many phenomena in insurance, finance, queuing systems, inventory control and other areas. In this book, an overview of univariate renewal theory is given and renewal processes in the non-lattice and lattice case are discussed. A pre-requisite is a basic knowledge of probability theory.

  2. Wastes processing

    Farinet, J.L. (CIRAD-CA, 34 - Montpellier (France)); Copin, Y. (CEREMHER, 34 - Meze (France))


    The Transpaille procedure is used for the recovery and processing of organic wastes using methane fermentation; gas and compost are produced. The system was installed at the slaughterhouse in Thies, Senegal, in 1988-89. It consists of a 40 cubic metres horizontal cylinder. The slaughterhouse produces 480 metric tonnes of wastes per year and 35.5 cubic metres of biogas per day at a process temperature of 31 deg C. Lagooning is used for the first time as a water purification technique at a slaughterhouse in West Africa. This technique reproduces the process by which water purifies itself biologically, by accelerating and controlling the phenomenon. The procedure includes pre-processing, a decanter/digester and three lagoons. The organic matter is degraded by bacteria, producing water, carbon dioxide and mineral elements, which are then assimilated by micro-algae and macrophytes (Pistia stratiotes). The tropical climate is convenient for this processing method, which is optimum of temperatures of between 25 deg C and 35 deg C. (authors).

  3. Sewer Processes

    Hvitved-Jacobsen, Thorkild; Vollertsen, Jes; Nielsen, Asbjørn Haaning

    Since the first edition was published over a decade ago, advancements have been made in the design, operation, and maintenance of sewer systems, and new problems have emerged. For example, sewer processes are now integrated in computer models, and simultaneously, odor and corrosion problems caused...... and valuable information on the sewer as a chemical and biological reactor. It focuses on how to predict critical impacts and control adverse effects. It also provides an integrated description of sewer processes in modeling terms. This second edition is full of illustrative examples and figures, includes...... revisions of chapters from the previous edition, adds three new chapters, and presents extensive study questions. • Presents new modeling tools for the design and operation of sewer networks • Establishes sewer processes as a key element in preserving water quality • Includes greatly expanded coverage...

  4. Clustering processes

    Ryabko, Daniil


    The problem of clustering is considered, for the case when each data point is a sample generated by a stationary ergodic process. We propose a very natural asymptotic notion of consistency, and show that simple consistent algorithms exist, under most general non-parametric assumptions. The notion of consistency is as follows: two samples should be put into the same cluster if and only if they were generated by the same distribution. With this notion of consistency, clustering generalizes such classical statistical problems as homogeneity testing and process classification. We show that, for the case of a known number of clusters, consistency can be achieved under the only assumption that the joint distribution of the data is stationary ergodic (no parametric or Markovian assumptions, no assumptions of independence, neither between nor within the samples). If the number of clusters is unknown, consistency can be achieved under appropriate assumptions on the mixing rates of the processes. (again, no parametric ...

  5. Copula Processes

    Wilson, Andrew Gordon


    We define a copula process which describes the dependencies between arbitrarily many random variables independently of their marginal distributions. As an example, we develop a stochastic volatility model, Gaussian Copula Process Volatility (GCPV), to predict the latent standard deviations of a sequence of random variables. To learn the parameters of GCPV we use Bayesian inference, with the Laplace approximation, and with Markov chain Monte Carlo as an alternative. We find both methods comparable. We also find our model can outperform GARCH, on simulated and financial data. And unlike GARCH, GCPV can easily handle missing data, incorporate covariates other than time, and model a rich class of covariance structures.

  6. Extraction process

    A process is described for extracting at least two desired constituents from a mineral, using a liquid reagent which produces the constituents, or compounds thereof, in separable form and independently extracting those constituents, or compounds. The process is especially valuable for the extraction of phosphoric acid and metal values from acidulated phosphate rock, the slurry being contacted with selective extractants for phosphoric acid and metal (e.g. uranium) values. In an example, uranium values are oxidized to uranyl form and extracted using an ion exchange resin. (U.K.)

  7. Process simulation

    The search for an optimal design of a heavy water plant is done by means of a simulation model for the mass and enthalpy balances of the SH2-H2O exchange process. A symplified model for the simulation diagram where the entire plant is represented by a sole tray tower with recicles, and heat and mass feeds/extractions was used. The tower is simulated by the method developed by Tomich with the convergence part given by the algorithm of Broyden. The concluding part of the work is centered in setting the design parameters (flowrates, heat exchange rates, number of plates) wich give the desired process operating conditions. (author)

  8. Film processing

    The processing was made not only to show what are in the film but also to produce radiograph with high quality where the information gathered really presented level of the quality of the object inspected. Besides that, good procedure will make the film with good quality can keep the film in long time for reference. Here, more detailed on how the dark room functioned and its design. So, the good procedure while processed the film will be discussed detailed in this chapter from entering the dark room to exit from there.

  9. Offshoring Process

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi


    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  10. Causticizing process

    Engdal, H.


    This invention seeks to provide a method in which the soda lye obtained as a result of cellulose cooking process and unslaked lime are used for producing white liquor which can be re-used in the cooking process. In this method, the heat released by the slaking of lime with soda lye is recovered by a high pressure slaking process wherein the heat is transferred, either to the steam separating from the lye, which steam is then led to the desired application, or to some other medium to be heated. The invention is characterized in that the soda lye to be causticized is divided into two parts, one of which is used for the slaking of lime by adding to it all the unslaked lime needed for the causticizing process, and that, following slaking, the two volumes are brought together for the actual causticizing reaction involving the total amount of lye needed. This invention provides the advantage that the amount of lye needed is smaller, and so the temperature can be increased.


    Anamarija Kutlić


    Full Text Available Bentonite has vide variety of uses. Special use of bentonite, where its absorbing properties are employed to provide water-tight sealing is for an underground repository in granites In this paper, bentonite processing and beneficiation are described.

  12. Signal Processing

    Signal processing techniques, extensively used nowadays to maximize the performance of audio and video equipment, have been a key part in the design of hardware and software for high energy physics detectors since pioneering applications in the UA1 experiment at CERN in 1979

  13. Transplant Process

    ... typing, including high-resolution typing A complete health history and physical exam Evaluation of your psychological and emotional strengths Identifying who will be your primary caregiver throughout the transplant process Bone marrow biopsy CT (computed tomography) scan or MRI (magnetic ...

  14. Processing Needs

    Concerning processing needs the following recommendations can be made: Encourage and support spectrum-averaged cross section measurements for data validation. For example, measurements of constants for neutron activation analysis (thermal capture and resonance integrals), astrophysics cross sections (MACS, e.g. corresponding to a 30 keV Maxwellian spectrum), 252Cf spontaneous fission spectrum averaged cross sections, etc. The latter could help to resolve many issues related to uncertainties in the capture cross section in the energy region between 100 keV and a few MeV; Continue to develop and improve web based and off-line data visualisation tools, striving for generality as well as user-friendliness; Continue to support developments for the generation of covariance data of experimental measurements as well as evaluated nuclear data; Regarding the issue of independent processing codes, the generally available PREPRO series is highly esteemed and truly valuable, but it lacks, by design the following: a module to generate scattering matrices; a module to generate temperature dependent self-shielded cross sections in the unresolved resonance region; processing of fission neutron multiplicity; treatment of covariances; Perhaps Red Cullen might be willing to undertake this work. The details of additional modules to be developed include also treatment of covariances. All these modules should be clearly identified. Enhancement of the processing of covariance matrices could be sought by acquiring and making generally available a code that is already developed (e.g. drawing from the experience in Japan)

  15. Innovation process

    Kolodovski, A.


    Purpose of this report: This report was prepared for RISO team involved in design of the innovation system Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts and related terminology The report does not includeRISO- or Denmark-specific cultural, economic...

  16. Process validation for radiation processing

    Process validation concerns the establishment of the irradiation conditions that will lead to the desired changes of the irradiated product. Process validation therefore establishes the link between absorbed dose and the characteristics of the product, such as degree of crosslinking in a polyethylene tube, prolongation of shelf life of a food product, or degree of sterility of the medical device. Detailed international standards are written for the documentation of radiation sterilization, such as EN 552 and ISO 11137, and the steps of process validation that are described in these standards are discussed in this paper. They include material testing for the documentation of the correct functioning of the product, microbiological testing for selection of the minimum required dose and dose mapping for documentation of attainment of the required dose in all parts of the product. The process validation must be maintained by reviews and repeated measurements as necessary. This paper presents recommendations and guidance for the execution of these components of process validation. (author)

  17. Restoration Process


    In the accompanying photos, a laboratory technician is restoring the once-obliterated serial number of a revolver. The four-photo sequence shows the gradual progression from total invisibility to clear readability. The technician is using a new process developed in an applications engineering project conducted by NASA's Lewis Research Center in conjunction with Chicago State University. Serial numbers and other markings are frequently eliminated from metal objects to prevent tracing ownership of guns, motor vehicles, bicycles, cameras, appliances and jewelry. To restore obliterated numbers, crime laboratory investigators most often employ a chemical etching technique. It is effective, but it may cause metal corrosion and it requires extensive preparatory grinding and polishing. The NASA-Chicago State process is advantageous because it can be applied without variation to any kind of metal, it needs no preparatory work and number recovery can be accomplished without corrosive chemicals; the liquid used is water.

  18. Innovation process

    Kolodovski, A.


    Purpose of this report: This report was prepared for RISO team involved in design of the innovation system Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts and related terminology The report does not includeRISO- or Denmark-specific cultural, economic, and political challenges, which will be considered in a separate report on implementation The report was written in February 2005.

  19. Biogas processing

    Kudláč, Adam


    The diploma thesis includes proposals suitable for usage of the technologies for clearing the biogas into a quality of substitute natural gas (SNG). The most suitable technology is chosen for the clearing the biogas out of the septic tanks of the laboratory for biologically decomposable waste treatment at Institute of process and environmental engineering. There is a calculation , a proposal and a realisation of the experimental unit for clearing the biogas performed.

  20. Er-Redd Ale'l-Mantıkıyyîn Adlı Eseri Çerçevesinde İbn Teymiyye'nin Fıkhî Kıyas ile Mantıkî Kıyas Arasındaki İlişkiye Dair Görüşleri / The Thoughts Of Ibn Taymıyya About Analogical Reasıng [Qıyas] In The Fıqh And Logic In The Framework Of Hıs “Al-Rad

    DUMAN, Dr. Soner


    İbn Teymiyye, İslam dünyasında Aristo mantığına yönelik en ciddî tepkileri gösteren alimlerin başında gelmektedir. O yazdığı er-Redd ale'l-mantıkiyyîn adlı eserinde mantığı çeşitli açılardan eleştirir-ken, mantıkta yer alan kıyasın usulcüler ve fıkıhçılar tarafından kulla-nılan kıyastan daha üstün olduğu fikrini reddetmekte, bunu çeşitli örnekler üzerinde ortaya koymaya çalışmaktadır. Biz bu makalemizde bir yandan mantıkî kıyas ile fıkhî kıyas arasındaki farklılıkları incele-meye, diğer yanda...

  1. Radiopharmaceutical process

    A process is described in which a dispersion of denatured aggregates of serum albumin to which tin is attached, suitable for radioactive labelling and use as a diagnostic agent is prepared and lyophilized. Where the physical and chemical properties degrade during lyophilization or aging an improvement is described comprising additionally including in as a protective agent, a mixture of a polycarboxylic acid and a disaccharide or monosaccharide in a sufficient amount to reduce degradation of the physical and chemical properties of the dispersion during lyophilization and aging

  2. Image processing

    The nuclear medical methods developed over the last ten years for cardiological diagnosis are especially suited to evaluating the functional performance of the left ventricle, and myocardial perfusion. Computed tomography and subtraction angiography are two other, non-invasive radiological methods for examining the size and topography of the cavities of the heart, and echocardiography has meanwhile taken the first position in the diagnosis of morphological heart disease. Fourier analysis and the Fourier tansformation technique allow acquisition, recording and evaluation of quantitative data of the radionuclide ventriculography. Due to the weak spatial resolution of the scintigraphic phase analysis, the next logical development was to apply Fourier analysis to the cine-ventriculography, which unfortunately requires considerable computing efforts and time. A solution has now been found that combines the two image processing systems and thus creates the basis for applying the Fourier analysis to all the diagnostic imaging methods, such as echocardiography, radiography, and nuclear medical methods. (orig.)

  3. Image Processing


    Electronic Imagery, Inc.'s ImageScale Plus software, developed through a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Kennedy Space Flight Center for use on space shuttle Orbiter in 1991, enables astronauts to conduct image processing, prepare electronic still camera images in orbit, display them and downlink images to ground based scientists for evaluation. Electronic Imagery, Inc.'s ImageCount, a spin-off product of ImageScale Plus, is used to count trees in Florida orange groves. Other applications include x-ray and MRI imagery, textile designs and special effects for movies. As of 1/28/98, company could not be located, therefore contact/product information is no longer valid.

  4. Lithospheric processes

    Baldridge, W. [and others


    The authors used geophysical, geochemical, and numerical modeling to study selected problems related to Earth's lithosphere. We interpreted seismic waves to better characterize the thickness and properties of the crust and lithosphere. In the southwestern US and Tien Shari, crust of high elevation is dynamically supported above buoyant mantle. In California, mineral fabric in the mantle correlate with regional strain history. Although plumes of buoyant mantle may explain surface deformation and magmatism, our geochemical work does not support this mechanism for Iberia. Generation and ascent of magmas remains puzzling. Our work in Hawaii constrains the residence of magma beneath Hualalai to be a few hundred to about 1000 years. In the crust, heat drives fluid and mass transport. Numerical modeling yielded robust and accurate predictions of these processes. This work is important fundamental science, and applies to mitigation of volcanic and earthquake hazards, Test Ban Treaties, nuclear waste storage, environmental remediation, and hydrothermal energy.

  5. Welding process

    This invention relates to a process for making a large number of weld beads as separate contours, spaced out from each other, by means of an automatic welding head. Under this invention, after striking the arc in the prescribed manner and positioning the torch on the first contour to be welded and having made the first weld bead, the torch current is reduced to bring about a part fade out of the arc. The torch is then moved to the starting position on a second contour to be welded where a static timed pre-fusion is effected by resumption of the welding current to carry out the second weld bead by following the second welding contour in the same manner and so forth. The invention particularly applies to the welding of tube ends to a tube plate

  6. Lithospheric processes

    The authors used geophysical, geochemical, and numerical modeling to study selected problems related to Earth's lithosphere. We interpreted seismic waves to better characterize the thickness and properties of the crust and lithosphere. In the southwestern US and Tien Shari, crust of high elevation is dynamically supported above buoyant mantle. In California, mineral fabric in the mantle correlate with regional strain history. Although plumes of buoyant mantle may explain surface deformation and magmatism, our geochemical work does not support this mechanism for Iberia. Generation and ascent of magmas remains puzzling. Our work in Hawaii constrains the residence of magma beneath Hualalai to be a few hundred to about 1000 years. In the crust, heat drives fluid and mass transport. Numerical modeling yielded robust and accurate predictions of these processes. This work is important fundamental science, and applies to mitigation of volcanic and earthquake hazards, Test Ban Treaties, nuclear waste storage, environmental remediation, and hydrothermal energy

  7. The Hamlet design entry system: on the implementation of synchronous channels

    M.R. van Steen


    textabstractThe graphical Hamlet Application Design Language (ADL) has been developed to support the construction of parallel applications. The language is based on a notion of processes communicating by means of message-passing. One of the goals of ADL is that its implementation should allow fo

  8. The effect of thermal processing of cruciferous vegetables on their content of dietary fiber and its fractions

    Patrycja Komolka


    Full Text Available   Background. Dietary fiber is composed of many compounds exhibiting various properties. Individual frac- tions are characterised by a diverse action in the human organism, thus it is crucial to know the fraction com- position of dietary fiber. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of thermal processing of cruciferous vegetables on the content of dietary fiber and its fractions. Material and methods. The experimental material comprised common cabbage cv. Cilion, red cabbage cv. Lektro and savoy cabbage cv. Fiona. Tested various parts of raw material – the whole head of cabbage, leaves and stumps. Cabbages were boiled for 17 min, and steamed for 13 min. Contents of neutral detergent fiber (NDF, acid detergent fiber (ADF and acid detergent lignin (ADL were determined according to the Van Soest method, while contents of hemicelluloses and cellulose were calculated from the difference between NDF and ADF. Results. Cabbages were characterised by varied NDF contents. The highest content of dietary fiber was found in red cabbage (15.48 g/100 g d.m., while it was lowest in common cabbage (12.66 g/100 g d.m.. Moreover, high variation was observed in contents of individual fractions of dietary fiber. The highest content of hemicelluloses was recorded in red cabbage (4.46 g/100 g d.m., cellulose – in savoy cabbage (10.76 g/100 g d.m., while lignin – in common cabbage (1.70 g/100 g d.m.. Boiled vegetables were charac- terised by a significantly higher content of dietary fiber than steamed cabbage. Conclusions. Thermal processing of cruciferous vegetables had a significant effect on changes in contents of dietary fiber and its fractions. Boiled vegetables were characterised by the highest contents of dietary fiber. Different contents of dietary fiber were also found in individual anatomical parts of cruciferous vegetables.  

  9. Information Processing - Administrative Data Processing

    Bubenko, Janis

    A three semester, 60-credit course package in the topic of Administrative Data Processing (ADP), offered in 1966 at Stockholm University (SU) and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is described. The package had an information systems engineering orientation. The first semester focused on datalogical topics, while the second semester focused on the infological topics. The third semester aimed to deepen the students’ knowledge in different parts of ADP and at writing a bachelor thesis. The concluding section of this paper discusses various aspects of the department’s first course effort. The course package led to a concretisation of our discipline and gave our discipline an identity. Our education seemed modern, “just in time”, and well adapted to practical needs. The course package formed the first concrete activity of a group of young teachers and researchers. In a forty-year perspective, these people have further developed the department and the topic to an internationally well-reputed body of knowledge and research. The department has produced more than thirty professors and more than one hundred doctoral degrees.

  10. Lumping Processes of Periodic ARMA Processes

    Smadi, Abdullah A. [عبد الله الصمادي


    In this article various lumping processes are defined for periodic ARMA (PARMA) processes, namely, the forward, the backward and the cyclic lumping processes. The inter-relations between the parameters of these lumping processes are obtained. It is then proved that stationarity of any lumped process implies sta¬tionarity of all other lumped processes.


    Engin GÜRTEKİN


    Full Text Available Biological wastewater treatment is not effective treatment method if raw wastewater contains toxic and refractory organics. Advanced oxidation processes are applied before or after biological treatment for the detoxification and reclamation of this kind of wastewaters. The advanced oxidation processes are based on the formation of powerful hydroxyl radicals. Among advanced oxidation processes Fenton process is one of the most promising methods. Because application of Fenton process is simple and cost effective and also reaction occurs in a short time period. Fenton process is applied for many different proposes. In this study, Fenton process was evaluated as an advanced oxidation process in wastewater treatment.

  12. William Wordsworth's 'Double Awareness' of Memory in Virginia Woolf's Mrs Dalloway = William Wordsworth'un 'Hatıranın Çift Yönlü Algılaması' Kavramının Virgina Woolf'un Mrs Dalloway Adlı Romanındaki Kullanımı

    Ali GÜNEŞ


    Full Text Available This article deals with Romanticism in modernist British writer Virginia Woolf's novel, Mrs Dalloway. Although her works are experimental and new, they are part of a wider and developing perspective in the historical process of literary tradition, so that they cannot be viewed as completely breaking away from literary tradition, but rather as a reworking and redevelopment in its evolution. In her reworking of the traditional novel, this paper may suggest that Woolf made it "new" by returning to the Romantics, particularly to Wordsworth. By this claim, this paper does not mean that Woolf copied Wordsworth exactly, but was profoundly and pervasively influenced by his aesthetic views, especially in relation to her understanding of life as "consciousness". By returning to the Romantics, Woolf develops her sense of "reality" as both fragmented and whole, and of the "self" as fragmented but desiring and imagining unity. Hence she not only strove to construct a poetical or lyrical novel to express that contradictory view but also used her fiction to explore the mystery of the subjective consciousness as the dominant modernist view. In order to express her perception of modernist identity, Woolf used memory as a device in Mrs Dalloway and thus developed a new way of narration as well as a new view of human identity. By means of this new method, she left the objective narration of the traditional novel, and thus meaning or the view of identity in Woolf's late fiction is not static but undecided, unfinished and mysterious.




    Biological wastewater treatment is not effective treatment method if raw wastewater contains toxic and refractory organics. Advanced oxidation processes are applied before or after biological treatment for the detoxification and reclamation of this kind of wastewaters. The advanced oxidation processes are based on the formation of powerful hydroxyl radicals. Among advanced oxidation processes Fenton process is one of the most promising methods. Because application of Fenton process is simple ...

  14. Auditory Processing Disorders

    Auditory Processing Disorders Auditory processing disorders (APDs) are referred to by many names: central auditory processing disorders , auditory perceptual disorders , and central auditory disorders . APDs ...

  15. Extensible packet processing architecture

    Robertson, Perry J.; Hamlet, Jason R.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Olsberg, Ronald R.; Chun, Guy D.


    A technique for distributed packet processing includes sequentially passing packets associated with packet flows between a plurality of processing engines along a flow through data bus linking the plurality of processing engines in series. At least one packet within a given packet flow is marked by a given processing engine to signify by the given processing engine to the other processing engines that the given processing engine has claimed the given packet flow for processing. A processing function is applied to each of the packet flows within the processing engines and the processed packets are output on a time-shared, arbitered data bus coupled to the plurality of processing engines.

  16. Process mineralogy IX

    Petruk, W.; Hagni, R.D.; Pignolet-Brandom, S.; Hausen, D.M. (eds.) (Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, Ottawa, ON (Canada))


    54 papers are presented under the headings: keynote address; process mineralogy applications to mineral processing; process mineralogy applications to gold; process mineralogy applications to pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy; process mineralogy applications to environment and health; and process mineralogy applications to synthetic materials. Subject and author indexes are provided. Three papers have been abstracted separately.

  17. Thinning spatial point processes into Poisson processes

    Møller, Jesper; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik


    In this paper we describe methods for randomly thinning certain classes of spatial point processes. In the case of a Markov point process, the proposed method involves a dependent thinning of a spatial birth-and-death process, where clans of ancestors associated with the original points are ident......, thus, can be used as a graphical exploratory tool for inspecting the goodness-of-fit of a spatial point process model. Several examples, including clustered and inhibitive point processes, are considered.......In this paper we describe methods for randomly thinning certain classes of spatial point processes. In the case of a Markov point process, the proposed method involves a dependent thinning of a spatial birth-and-death process, where clans of ancestors associated with the original points...... are identified, and where we simulate backwards and forwards in order to obtain the thinned process. In the case of a Cox process, a simple independent thinning technique is proposed. In both cases, the thinning results in a Poisson process if and only if the true Papangelou conditional intensity is used, and...

  18. Thinning spatial point processes into Poisson processes

    Møller, Jesper; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik

    This paper describes methods for randomly thinning certain classes of spatial point processes. In the case of a Markov point process, the proposed method involves a dependent thinning of a spatial birth-and-death process, where clans of ancestors associated with the original points are identified...... be used as a diagnostic for assessing the goodness-of-fit of a spatial point process model. Several examples, including clustered and inhibitive point processes, are considered.......This paper describes methods for randomly thinning certain classes of spatial point processes. In the case of a Markov point process, the proposed method involves a dependent thinning of a spatial birth-and-death process, where clans of ancestors associated with the original points are identified......, and where one simulates backwards and forwards in order to obtain the thinned process. In the case of a Cox process, a simple independent thinning technique is proposed. In both cases, the thinning results in a Poisson process if and only if the true Papangelou conditional intensity is used, and thus can...

  19. Modelingof the Biotransformation Processes

    Vrsalovic Presecki, A.; Findrik, Z.; Zelic, B.


    Modeling and simulation of biotransformation processes have a large potential in searching for optimal process conditions, development and process design, control, scale-up, identifying of the process cost structure, and comparing process alternatives. Modeling and simulation leads to better understanding and quantification of the investigated process and could lead to significant material and costs savings especially in the early phases of the process development. In this review modeling and...

  20. Food Processing and Allergenicity

    Verhoeckx, K.; Vissers, Y.; Baumert, J.L.; Faludi, R.; Fleys, M.; Flanagan, S.; Herouet-Guicheney, C.; Holzhauser, T.; Shimojo, R.; Bolt, van der Nieke; Wichers, H.J.; Kimber, I.


    Food processing can have many beneficial effects. However, processing may also alter the allergenic properties of food proteins. A wide variety of processing methods is available and their use depends largely on the food to be processed.

    In this review the impact of processing (heat and non

  1. Refactoring Process Models in Large Process Repositories.

    Weber, B.; Reichert, M.U.


    With the increasing adoption of process-aware information systems (PAIS), large process model repositories have emerged. Over time respective models have to be re-aligned to the real-world business processes through customization or adaptation. This bears the risk that model redundancies are introduced and complexity is increased. If no continuous investment is made in keeping models simple, changes are becoming increasingly costly and error-prone. Though refactoring techniques are widely use...

  2. Evaluating knee replacement mechanics during ADL with PID-controlled dynamic finite element analysis.

    Fitzpatrick, Clare K; Baldwin, Mark A; Clary, Chadd W; Maletsky, Lorin P; Rullkoetter, Paul J


    Validated computational knee simulations are valuable tools for design phase development of knee replacement devices. Recently, a dynamic finite element (FE) model of the Kansas knee simulator was kinematically validated during gait and deep flexion cycles. In order to operate the computational simulator in the same manner as the experiment, a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller was interfaced with the FE model to control the quadriceps actuator excursion and produce a target flexion profile regardless of implant geometry or alignment conditions. The controller was also expanded to operate multiple actuators simultaneously in order to produce in vivo loading conditions at the joint during dynamic activities. Subsequently, the fidelity of the computational model was improved through additional muscle representation and inclusion of relative hip-ankle anterior-posterior (A-P) motion. The PID-controlled model was able to successfully recreate in vivo loading conditions (flexion angle, compressive joint load, medial-lateral load distribution or varus-valgus torque, internal-external torque, A-P force) for deep knee bend, chair rise, stance-phase gait and step-down activities. PMID:22687046

  3. The Hamlet design entry system: an overview of ADL and its environment

    M.R. van Steen; A. ten Dam; T. Vogel


    textabstractExploiting parallelism for industrial real-time applications has not received much attention compared to scientific applications. The available real-time design methods do not adequately address the issue of parallelism, resulting still in a strong need for low-level tools such as debugg

  4. Resting and ADL-induced dynamic hyperinflation explain physical inactivity in COPD better than FEV1

    Lahaije, A.J.M.C.; Helvoort, H.A.C. van; Dekhuijzen, P.N.R.; Vercoulen, J.H.M.M.; Heijdra, Y.F.


    BACKGROUND: Physical activity and health status deteriorate early in the course of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This can only partially be explained by the degree of airflow limitation. Changes in (resting and dynamic) lung volumes are known to be associated with functional impairme

  5. Sevimli Mecmua Adlı Çocuk Dergisi (Çeviriyazı, İnceleme)

    Akdağ, Erhan


    Çocuk edebiyatı alanında çocuk dergilerinin önemli bir yeri ve işlevi vardır. Çocuğun edebî ve estetik bir zevk edinmesinde, düşünce ufku ve kelime hazinesinin gelişmesinde çocuk dergilerinin geçmişten bugüne büyük katkısı olmuştur ve olmaktadır. Eski harfli çocuk dergilerimizden biri olan Sevimli Mecmua da, cumhuriyetin ilk yıllarında, 1925’te yayımlanmış ve ancak on üç sayı çıkarak aynı yıl yayın hayatına veda etmiştir. Bu tezde, aradan neredeyse doksan yıl geçmesine rağmen, bütünüyle...

  6. Process Intensification: A Perspective on Process Synthesis

    Lutze, Philip; Gani, Rafiqul; Woodley, John


    design tools with a clear focus on specific PI tasks exist. Therefore, in this paper, the concept of a general systematic framework for synthesis and design of PI options in hierarchical steps through analyzing an existing process, generating PI options in a superstructure and evaluating intensified...... of options to potentially improve the process but to identify the set of feasible solutions for PI in which the optimal can be found takes considerable resources. Hence, a process synthesis tool to achieve PI would potentially assist in the generation and evaluation of PI options. Currently, several process...... of the main concepts is illustrated through an example involving the operation of a membrane reactor....

  7. Natural Process Processing: Discovering Process Models from Plain Text

    Martinez Puerto, Didac-Joan


    Aquest projecte consisteix en la implementació i estudi d'un mètode de generació automàtica de models Business Process Model and Notation(BPMN) mitjançant l'aplicació de tècniques de Natural Language Processing (NLP) i regles sintàctiques sobre textos que descriuen processos de negoci.

  8. Blood Donation Process

    ... Home > Donating Blood > Donation Process Printable Version Donation Process View Video Getting Ready for Your Donation The ... worry about. Make a Donation Appointment The Donation Process Step by Step Donating blood is a simple ...

  9. Special parallel processing workshop



    This report contains viewgraphs from the Special Parallel Processing Workshop. These viewgraphs deal with topics such as parallel processing performance, message passing, queue structure, and other basic concept detailing with parallel processing.

  10. A dynamic contagion process

    Dassios, Angelos; Zhao, Hongbiao


    We introduce a new point process, the dynamic contagion process, by generalising the Hawkes process and the Cox process with shot noise intensity. Our process includes both self-excited and externally excited jumps, which could be used to model the dynamic contagion impact from endogenous and exogenous factors of the underlying system. We have systematically analysed the theoretical distributional properties of this new process, based on the piecewise-deterministic Markov pr...

  11. Contracting process innovation

    Nissen, Mark E.


    Process innovation pertains to making dramatic improvements in performance of enterprise processes. Stemming from total quality management, business process reengineering and other widely-accepted approaches to performance improvement in the business enterprise, process innovation has largely been practiced without a systematic method and required expertise only possessed by a few, highly-talented people. Now, as the result of research in this area, the process of process innovation now has a...

  12. Exclusive Processes at Colliders

    Szczurek, Antoni


    A few examples of exclusive processes at high energy are discussed. Several mechanisms are presented. The differential distributions are shown. The possibilities to measure the processes are discussed.

  13. Product Development Process Modeling


    The use of Concurrent Engineering and other modern methods of product development and maintenance require that a large number of time-overlapped "processes" be performed by many people. However, successfully describing and optimizing these processes are becoming even more difficult to achieve. The perspective of industrial process theory (the definition of process) and the perspective of process implementation (process transition, accumulation, and inter-operations between processes) are used to survey the method used to build one base model (multi-view) process model.

  14. Integrated Process Capability Analysis

    Chen; H; T; Huang; M; L; Hung; Y; H; Chen; K; S


    Process Capability Analysis (PCA) is a powerful too l to assess the ability of a process for manufacturing product that meets specific ations. The larger process capability index implies the higher process yield, a nd the larger process capability index also indicates the lower process expected loss. Chen et al. (2001) has applied indices C pu, C pl, and C pk for evaluating the process capability for a multi-process product wi th smaller-the-better, larger-the-better, and nominal-the-best spec...

  15. Conscious processing and the process goal paradox.

    Mullen, Richard; Hardy, Lew


    The three experiments reported here examined the process goal paradox, which has emerged from the literature on goal setting and conscious processing. We predicted that skilled but anxious performers who adopted a global movement focus using holistic process goals would outperform those who used part-oriented process goals. In line with the conscious processing hypothesis, we also predicted that performers using part process goals would experience performance impairment in test compared with baseline conditions. In all three experiments, participants performed motor tasks in baseline and test conditions. Cognitive state anxiety increased in all of the test conditions. The results confirmed our first prediction; however, we failed to find unequivocal evidence to support our second prediction. The consistent pattern of the results lends support to the suggestion that, for skilled athletes who perform under competitive pressure, using a holistic process goal that focuses attention on global aspects of a motor skill is a more effective attentional focus strategy than using a part process goal. PMID:20587818

  16. Idaho Chemical Processing Plant Process Efficiency improvements

    Griebenow, B.


    In response to decreasing funding levels available to support activities at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) and a desire to be cost competitive, the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) and Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company have increased their emphasis on cost-saving measures. The ICPP Effectiveness Improvement Initiative involves many activities to improve cost effectiveness and competitiveness. This report documents the methodology and results of one of those cost cutting measures, the Process Efficiency Improvement Activity. The Process Efficiency Improvement Activity performed a systematic review of major work processes at the ICPP to increase productivity and to identify nonvalue-added requirements. A two-phase approach was selected for the activity to allow for near-term implementation of relatively easy process modifications in the first phase while obtaining long-term continuous improvement in the second phase and beyond. Phase I of the initiative included a concentrated review of processes that had a high potential for cost savings with the intent of realizing savings in Fiscal Year 1996 (FY-96.) Phase II consists of implementing long-term strategies too complex for Phase I implementation and evaluation of processes not targeted for Phase I review. The Phase II effort is targeted for realizing cost savings in FY-97 and beyond.

  17. Idaho Chemical Processing Plant Process Efficiency improvements

    In response to decreasing funding levels available to support activities at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) and a desire to be cost competitive, the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) and Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company have increased their emphasis on cost-saving measures. The ICPP Effectiveness Improvement Initiative involves many activities to improve cost effectiveness and competitiveness. This report documents the methodology and results of one of those cost cutting measures, the Process Efficiency Improvement Activity. The Process Efficiency Improvement Activity performed a systematic review of major work processes at the ICPP to increase productivity and to identify nonvalue-added requirements. A two-phase approach was selected for the activity to allow for near-term implementation of relatively easy process modifications in the first phase while obtaining long-term continuous improvement in the second phase and beyond. Phase I of the initiative included a concentrated review of processes that had a high potential for cost savings with the intent of realizing savings in Fiscal Year 1996 (FY-96.) Phase II consists of implementing long-term strategies too complex for Phase I implementation and evaluation of processes not targeted for Phase I review. The Phase II effort is targeted for realizing cost savings in FY-97 and beyond

  18. Competencies of process managers

    Matej Jevšček


    Abstract: Research Question (RQ): Effectiveness of managers differs in implementation of the process approach. Which competencies affect performance effectiveness of managers in the process approach? Purpose:The aim of the research is to specify a set of competencies which affect performance effectiveness of managers in the process approach. Method: The theoretical part examines the current state and terminology from the field of processes ...

  19. Spatial Process Generation

    Kroese, Dirk P.; Botev, Zdravko I.


    The generation of random spatial data on a computer is an important tool for understanding the behavior of spatial processes. In this paper we describe how to generate realizations from the main types of spatial processes, including Gaussian and Markov random fields, point processes, spatial Wiener processes, and Levy fields. Concrete MATLAB code is provided.

  20. Recursive Markov Process

    Hidaka, Shohei


    A Markov process, which is constructed recursively, arises in stochastic games with Markov strategies. In this study, we defined a special class of random processes called the recursive Markov process, which has infinitely many states but can be expressed in a closed form. We derive the characteristic equation which the marginal stationary distribution of an arbitrary recursive Markov process needs to satisfy.

  1. Activity of daily living performance amongst Danish asylum seekers

    Morville, Anne-Le; Erlandsson, Lena-Karin; Eklund, Mona; Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Christensen, Robin; Amris, Kirstine


    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) ability impairment in newly arrived Danish asylum seekers. It was hypothesized that exposure to trauma and torture would negatively influence ADL performance and that measures of ADL ability would be...... and Process Skills (AMPS). Interviews were based on questionnaires about torture exposure, WHO-5 Wellbeing Index, Major Depression Inventory and Pain Detect Questionnaire. All participants were interviewed and tested using a linguistic interpreter. RESULTS: Thirty three (77%) participants reported...

  2. On Permanental Processes

    Eisenbaum, Nathalie; Kaspi, Haya


    Permanental processes can be viewed as a generalisation of squared centered Gaussian processes. We develop in this paper two main subjects. The first one analyses the connections of these processes with the local times of general Markov processes. The second deals with Bosonian point processes and the Bose-Einstein condensation. The obtained results in both directions are related and based on the notion of infinite divisibility.


    Vlad BALANESCU; Mihaela MASCU


    Business Process Management (BPM) is considered to be the third wave in business process theory. Appearing as a response to the critique formulated regarding Business Process Reengineering, BPM tries to be a more holistic and integrated approach to management and processes. In a time where complex solutions are needed solution that incorporates elements from various concepts, Business Process Management can be, in my opinion, a link between these ideas. After a short introduction presenting g...

  4. Thin film processes

    Vossen, John L


    Remarkable advances have been made in recent years in the science and technology of thin film processes for deposition and etching. It is the purpose of this book to bring together tutorial reviews of selected filmdeposition and etching processes from a process viewpoint. Emphasis is placed on the practical use of the processes to provide working guidelines for their implementation, a guide to the literature, and an overview of each process.

  5. Software Process Improvement Framework

    Nikitina, Natalja


    Many software development organizations today are keen on improving their software development processes in order to develop software products faster, cheaper or better. For that reason, Software Process Improvement (SPI) has received significant attention from the research community over the last few decades. Process maturity models have become widely known for benchmarking software processes against predefined practices and for identifying processes to be improved or implemented, whereas pr...

  6. Hyperspectral processing in graphical processing units

    Winter, Michael E.; Winter, Edwin M.


    With the advent of the commercial 3D video card in the mid 1990s, we have seen an order of magnitude performance increase with each generation of new video cards. While these cards were designed primarily for visualization and video games, it became apparent after a short while that they could be used for scientific purposes. These Graphical Processing Units (GPUs) are rapidly being incorporated into data processing tasks usually reserved for general purpose computers. It has been found that many image processing problems scale well to modern GPU systems. We have implemented four popular hyperspectral processing algorithms (N-FINDR, linear unmixing, Principal Components, and the RX anomaly detection algorithm). These algorithms show an across the board speedup of at least a factor of 10, with some special cases showing extreme speedups of a hundred times or more.

  7. Gaussian Processes for Nonlinear Signal Processing

    Pérez-Cruz, Fernando; Van Vaerenbergh, Steven; Murillo-Fuentes, Juan José; Lázaro-Gredilla, Miguel; Santamaria, Ignacio


    Gaussian processes (GPs) are versatile tools that have been successfully employed to solve nonlinear estimation problems in machine learning, but that are rarely used in signal processing. In this tutorial, we present GPs for regression as a natural nonlinear extension to optimal Wiener filtering. After establishing their basic formulation, we discuss several important aspects and extensions, including recursive and adaptive algorithms for dealing with non-stationarity, low-complexity solutio...

  8. The effect of application of multiple psychological interventions in the treatment process of patients with facial burn injury%综合心理干预在颜面部烧伤患者治疗中的应用

    周琴; 官浩; 何飞; 折涛; 石雪琴; 邹小梅; 焦晓春


    目的:通过对颜面部烧伤患者的综合心理干预,探讨颜面部烧伤患者心理健康状况及对生活能力的影响,评估综合心理干预在颜面部烧伤患者临床疗效中的重要作用.方法:将95例患者随机分为实验组和对照组.实验组在实施常规医学护理的同时给予各类综合心理干预措施.干预前后均采用抑郁自评量表、焦虑自评量表、症状自评量表和Barthe1指数记分法对患者心理状况及生活能力进行评定.结果:综合心理干预后,实验组SDS评分、SAS评分均明显低于对照组,实验组抑郁、焦虑、恐怖、精神病性因子评分等也明显低于对照组.结论:在颜面部烧伤患者的临床治疗中,综合心理干预能够更好的改善患者的焦虑、抑郁、心理健康状况、生活自理能力.对颜面烧伤患者实施综合心理干预,在其整个治疗中非常必要且具有重要意义.%Objective Multiple psychological intervention were applied in the process of facial bum injury treatment. Jo explore the effect of multiple psychological interventions on patients' mental health and living ability. Methods Ninety five patients were divided into experiment group and control group. In the experiment group, patients not only received routine nursing care but also got multiple psychological interventions. Self-rating depression scale (SDS), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), symptom checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Barthel index of ADL (ADL) were employed to evaluate the mental health and living ability of facial burn patients before and after multiple psychological intervention. Results The scores of SDS and SAS in experiment group were significantly lower than that of in control group. After the intervention, patients in experiment group had lower scores in depression, phobic-anxiety and psychoticism score. Conclusions In facial burn patients treatment process applied multiple psychological interventions can improve depression, phobic

  9. Digital image processing.

    Seeram, Euclid


    Digital image processing is now commonplace in radiology, nuclear medicine and sonography. This article outlines underlying principles and concepts of digital image processing. After completing this article, readers should be able to: List the limitations of film-based imaging. Identify major components of a digital imaging system. Describe the history and application areas of digital image processing. Discuss image representation and the fundamentals of digital image processing. Outline digital image processing techniques and processing operations used in selected imaging modalities. Explain the basic concepts and visualization tools used in 3-D and virtual reality imaging. Recognize medical imaging informatics as a new area of specialization for radiologic technologists. PMID:15352557

  10. Drug Development Process

    ... Device Approvals The Drug Development Process The Drug Development Process Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing ... Pin it Email Print Step 1 Discovery and Development Discovery and Development Research for a new drug ...

  11. Nonlinear Markov processes

    Frank, T.D. [Center for the Ecological Study of Perception and Action, Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, 406 Babbidge Road, Storrs, CT 06269 (United States)], E-mail:


    Some elementary properties and examples of Markov processes are reviewed. It is shown that the definition of the Markov property naturally leads to a classification of Markov processes into linear and nonlinear ones.

  12. The Integrated Renovation Process

    Galiotto, Nicolas; Heiselberg, Per; Knudstrup, Mary-Ann

    The Integrated Renovation Process (IRP) is a user customized methodology based on judiciously selected constructivist and interactive multi-criteria decision making methods (Galiotto, Heiselberg, & Knudstrup, 2014 (expected)). When applied for home renovation, the Integrated Renovation Process for...

  13. Natural Language Processing.

    Chowdhury, Gobinda G.


    Discusses issues related to natural language processing, including theoretical developments; natural language understanding; tools and techniques; natural language text processing systems; abstracting; information extraction; information retrieval; interfaces; software; Internet, Web, and digital library applications; machine translation for…

  14. Process evaluation distributed system

    Moffatt, Christopher L. (Inventor)


    The distributed system includes a database server, an administration module, a process evaluation module, and a data display module. The administration module is in communication with the database server for providing observation criteria information to the database server. The process evaluation module is in communication with the database server for obtaining the observation criteria information from the database server and collecting process data based on the observation criteria information. The process evaluation module utilizes a personal digital assistant (PDA). A data display module in communication with the database server, including a website for viewing collected process data in a desired metrics form, the data display module also for providing desired editing and modification of the collected process data. The connectivity established by the database server to the administration module, the process evaluation module, and the data display module, minimizes the requirement for manual input of the collected process data.

  15. Process innovation laboratory

    Møller, Charles


    models. The process innovation laboratory facilitates innovation by using an integrated action learning approach to process modelling in a controlled environment. The study is based on design science and the paper also discusses the implications to EIS research and practice...... thus to create a new methodology for developing and exploring process models and applications. The paper outlines the process innovation laboratory as a new approach to BPI. The process innovation laboratory is a comprehensive framework and a collaborative workspace for experimenting with process......Most organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but also to allow for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Today nearly every business relies on their enterprise information systems (EIS) for process integration and future generations of EIS...

  16. Group Decision Process Support

    Gøtze, John; Hijikata, Masao


    Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists.......Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists....

  17. Nonlinear Markov processes

    Some elementary properties and examples of Markov processes are reviewed. It is shown that the definition of the Markov property naturally leads to a classification of Markov processes into linear and nonlinear ones

  18. Flavor changing lepton processes

    The flavor changing lepton processes, or in another words the lepton flavor changing processes, are described with emphasis on the updated theoretical motivations and the on-going experimental progress on a new high-intense muon source. (author)

  19. Dissection of Kinesin's Processivity

    Adio, Sarah; Jaud, Johann; Ebbing, Bettina; Rief, Matthias; Woehlke, Günther


    The protein family of kinesins contains processive motor proteins that move stepwise along microtubules. This mechanism requires the precise coupling of the catalytic steps in the two heads, and their precise mechanical coordination. Here we show that these functionalities can be uncoupled in chimera of processive and non-processive kinesins. A chimera with the motor domain of Kinesin-1 and the dimerization domain of a non-processive Kinesin-3 motor behaves qualitatively as conventional kines...

  20. Grind hardening process

    Salonitis, Konstantinos


    This book presents the grind-hardening process and the main studies published since it was introduced in 1990s.  The modelling of the various aspects of the process, such as the process forces, temperature profile developed, hardness profiles, residual stresses etc. are described in detail. The book is of interest to the research community working with mathematical modeling and optimization of manufacturing processes.

  1. Software Process Improvement Defined

    Aaen, Ivan


    This paper argues in favor of the development of explanatory theory on software process improvement. The last one or two decades commitment to prescriptive approaches in software process improvement theory may contribute to the emergence of a gulf dividing theorists and practitioners. It is...... proposed that this divide be met by the development of theory evaluating prescriptive approaches and informing practice with a focus on the software process policymaking and process control aspects of improvement efforts...

  2. Modeling multiphase materials processes

    Iguchi, Manabu


    ""Modeling Multiphase Materials Processes: Gas-Liquid Systems"" describes the methodology and application of physical and mathematical modeling to multi-phase flow phenomena in materials processing. The book focuses on systems involving gas-liquid interaction, the most prevalent in current metallurgical processes. The performance characteristics of these processes are largely dependent on transport phenomena. This volume covers the inherent characteristics that complicate the modeling of transport phenomena in such systems, including complex multiphase structure, intense turbulence, opacity of

  3. Business Process Modeling Notation

    Robert Flowers; Charles Edeki


    Models as representations of real world entities may appear to the novice to be an unnecessary abstraction. Indeed, in small organizations where there are relatively few processes, there is little need to abstract activities. When it comes to large organizations, with hundreds or thousands of processes, thecreation of models becomes an essential activity. Even if the process itself does not change in the form of new process re-engineering efforts or new applications, there are new employees a...

  4. Hawkes processes in finance

    Emmanuel Bacry; Iacopo Mastromatteo; Jean-Fran\\c{c}ois Muzy


    In this paper we propose an overview of the recent academic literature devoted to the applications of Hawkes processes in finance. Hawkes processes constitute a particular class of multivariate point processes that has become very popular in empirical high frequency finance this last decade. After a reminder of the main definitions and properties that characterize Hawkes processes, we review their main empirical applications to address many different problems in high frequency finance. Becaus...

  5. Fuel gas conditioning process

    Lokhandwala, Kaaeid A.


    A process for conditioning natural gas containing C.sub.3+ hydrocarbons and/or acid gas, so that it can be used as combustion fuel to run gas-powered equipment, including compressors, in the gas field or the gas processing plant. Compared with prior art processes, the invention creates lesser quantities of low-pressure gas per unit volume of fuel gas produced. Optionally, the process can also produce an NGL product.

  6. Mining processes in dentistry

    R. S. Mans; Reijers, H.A.; Genuchten, van, MJIM Michiel; Wismeijer, D.


    Business processes in dentistry are quickly evolving towards "digital dentistry". This means that many steps in the dental process will increasingly deal with computerized information or computerized half products. A complicating factor in the improvement of process performance in dentistry, however, is the large number of independent dental professionals that are involved in the entire process. In order to reap the benefits of digital dentistry, it is essential to obtain an accurate view on ...

  7. Stochastic Processes in Finance

    Madan, Dilip B.


    Stochastic processes arising in the description of the risk-neutral evolution of equity prices are reviewed. Starting with Brownian motion, I review extensions to Lévy and Sato processes. These processes have independent increments; the former are homogeneous in time, whereas the latter are inhomogeneous. One-dimensional Markov processes such as local volatility and local Lévy are discussed next. Finally, I take up two forms of stochastic volatility that are due to either space scaling or tim...

  8. Modeling Design Process

    TAKEDA, Hideaki; Veerkamp, Paul; Yoshikawa, Hiroyuki


    This article discusses building a computable design process model, which is a prerequisite for realizing intelligent computer-aided design systems. First, we introduce general design theory, from which a descriptive model of design processes is derived. In this model, the concept of metamodels plays a crucial role in describing the evolutionary nature of design. Second, we show a cognitive design process model obtained by observing design processes using a protocol analysis method. We then di...

  9. Lithography process control

    Levinson, Harry J


    This text covers lithography process control at several levels, from fundamental through advanced topics. The book is a self-contained tutorial that works both as an introduction to the technology and as a reference for the experienced lithographer. It reviews the foundations of statistical process control as background for advanced topics such as complex processes and feedback. In addition, it presents control methodologies that may be applied to process development pilot lines.

  10. Multiphoton processes: conference proceedings

    The chapters of this volume represent the invited papers delivered at the conference. They are arranged according to thermatic proximity beginning with atoms and continuing with molecules and surfaces. Section headings include multiphoton processes in atoms, field fluctuations and collisions in multiphoton process, and multiphoton processes in molecules and surfaces. Abstracts of individual items from the conference were prepared separately for the data base

  11. Business Process Management - Methodologies

    PROKOP, Jan


    The main objective of this thesis is to map some of the business process management, business process reengineering methodologies and compare it according to several criteria. Part of this thesis is survey of the state of business process management in Czech Republic and Hungary.

  12. Semisolid Metal Processing Consortium



    Mathematical modeling and simulations of semisolid filling processes remains a critical issue in understanding and optimizing the process. Semisolid slurries are non-Newtonian materials that exhibit complex rheological behavior. There the way these slurries flow in cavities is very different from the way liquid in classical casting fills cavities. Actually filling in semisolid processing is often counter intuitive

  13. Statistical Process Control for KSC Processing

    Ford, Roger G.; Delgado, Hector; Tilley, Randy


    The 1996 Summer Faculty Fellowship Program and Kennedy Space Center (KSC) served as the basis for a research effort into statistical process control for KSC processing. The effort entailed several tasks and goals. The first was to develop a customized statistical process control (SPC) course for the Safety and Mission Assurance Trends Analysis Group. The actual teaching of this course took place over several weeks. In addition, an Internet version of the same course complete with animation and video excerpts from the course when it was taught at KSC was developed. The application of SPC to shuttle processing took up the rest of the summer research project. This effort entailed the evaluation of SPC use at KSC, both present and potential, due to the change in roles for NASA and the Single Flight Operations Contractor (SFOC). Individual consulting on SPC use was accomplished as well as an evaluation of SPC software for KSC use in the future. A final accomplishment of the orientation of the author to NASA changes, terminology, data format, and new NASA task definitions will allow future consultation when the needs arise.

  14. Biomass process handbook


    Descriptions are given of 42 processes which use biomass to produce chemical products. Marketing and economic background, process description, flow sheets, costs, major equipment, and availability of technology are given for each of the 42 processes. Some of the chemicals discussed are: ethanol, ethylene, acetaldehyde, butanol, butadiene, acetone, citric acid, gluconates, itaconic acid, lactic acid, xanthan gum, sorbitol, starch polymers, fatty acids, fatty alcohols, glycerol, soap, azelaic acid, perlargonic acid, nylon-11, jojoba oil, furfural, furfural alcohol, tetrahydrofuran, cellulose polymers, products from pulping wastes, and methane. Processes include acid hydrolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis, fermentation, distillation, Purox process, and anaerobic digestion.

  15. Theory of Markov processes

    Dynkin, E B


    Theory of Markov Processes provides information pertinent to the logical foundations of the theory of Markov random processes. This book discusses the properties of the trajectories of Markov processes and their infinitesimal operators.Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the necessary concepts and theorems from measure theory. This text then provides a general definition of Markov process and investigates the operations that make possible an inspection of the class of Markov processes corresponding to a given transition function. Other chapters consider the more c

  16. Evaluation of steelmaking processes

    Fruehan, R.J. [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)


    Objective of the AISI Direct Steelmaking Program is to develop a process for producing steel directly from ore and coal; the process should be less capital intensive, consume less energy, and have higher productivity. A task force was formed to examine available processes: trough, posthearth, IRSID, Electric Arc Furnace, energy optimizing furnace. It is concluded that there is insufficient incentive to replace a working BOF with any of these processes to refine hot metal; however, if new steelmaking capacity is required, IRSID and EOF should be considered. A fully continuous process should not be considered until direct ironmaking and continuous refining are perfected.

  17. Data processing made simple

    Wooldridge, Susan


    Data Processing: Made Simple, Second Edition presents discussions of a number of trends and developments in the world of commercial data processing. The book covers the rapid growth of micro- and mini-computers for both home and office use; word processing and the 'automated office'; the advent of distributed data processing; and the continued growth of database-oriented systems. The text also discusses modern digital computers; fundamental computer concepts; information and data processing requirements of commercial organizations; and the historical perspective of the computer industry. The

  18. Colloid process engineering

    Peukert, Wolfgang; Rehage, Heinz; Schuchmann, Heike


    This book deals with colloidal systems in technical processes and the influence of colloidal systems by technical processes. It explores how new measurement capabilities can offer the potential for a dynamic development of scientific and engineering, and examines the origin of colloidal systems and its use for new products. The future challenges to colloidal process engineering are the development of appropriate equipment and processes for the production and obtainment of multi-phase structures and energetic interactions in market-relevant quantities. The book explores the relevant processes and for controlled production and how they can be used across all scales.

  19. Thin film processes II

    Kern, Werner


    This sequel to the 1978 classic, Thin Film Processes, gives a clear, practical exposition of important thin film deposition and etching processes that have not yet been adequately reviewed. It discusses selected processes in tutorial overviews with implementation guide lines and an introduction to the literature. Though edited to stand alone, when taken together, Thin Film Processes II and its predecessor present a thorough grounding in modern thin film techniques.Key Features* Provides an all-new sequel to the 1978 classic, Thin Film Processes* Introduces new topics, and sever

  20. Nonaqueous processing methods

    A high-temperature process utilizing molten salt extraction from molten metal alloys has been developed for purification of spent power reactor fuels. Experiments with laboratory-scale processing operations show that purification and throughput parameters comparable to the Barnwell Purex process can be achieved by pyrochemical processing in equipment one-tenth the size, with all wastes being discharged as stable metal alloys at greatly reduced volume and disposal cost. This basic technology can be developed for large-scale processing of spent reactor fuels. 13 references, 4 figures

  1. Dynamical laser spike processing

    Shastri, Bhavin J; Tait, Alexander N; Rodriguez, Alejandro W; Wu, Ben; Prucnal, Paul R


    Novel materials and devices in photonics have the potential to revolutionize optical information processing, beyond conventional binary-logic approaches. Laser systems offer a rich repertoire of useful dynamical behaviors, including the excitable dynamics also found in the time-resolved "spiking" of neurons. Spiking reconciles the expressiveness and efficiency of analog processing with the robustness and scalability of digital processing. We demonstrate that graphene-coupled laser systems offer a unified low-level spike optical processing paradigm that goes well beyond previously studied laser dynamics. We show that this platform can simultaneously exhibit logic-level restoration, cascadability and input-output isolation---fundamental challenges in optical information processing. We also implement low-level spike-processing tasks that are critical for higher level processing: temporal pattern detection and stable recurrent memory. We study these properties in the context of a fiber laser system, but the addit...

  2. Future Steelmaking Processes

    Prof. R. J. Fruehan


    There is an increasing demand for an ironmaking process with lower capital cost, energy consumption and emissions than a blast furnace. It is the hypothesis of the present work that an optimized combination of two reasonable proven technologies will greatly enhance the overall process. An example is a rotary hearth furnace (RHF) linked to a smelter (e.g., AISI, HIsmelt). The objective of this research is to select promising process combinations, develop energy, materials balance and productivity models for the individual processes, conduct a limited amount of basic research on the processes and evaluate the process combinations. Three process combinations were selected with input from the industrial partners. The energy-materials and productivity models for the RHF, smelter, submerged arc furnace and CIRCOFER were developed. Since utilization of volatiles in coal is critical for energy and CO{sub 2} emission reduction, basic research on this topic was also conducted. The process models developed are a major product developed in this research. These models can be used for process evaluation by the industry. The process combinations of an RHF-Smelter and a simplified CIRCOFER-Smelter appear to be promising. Energy consumption is reduced and productivity increased. Work on this project is continuing using funds from other sources.

  3. Spitzer Telemetry Processing System

    Stanboli, Alice; Martinez, Elmain M.; McAuley, James M.


    The Spitzer Telemetry Processing System (SirtfTlmProc) was designed to address objectives of JPL's Multi-mission Image Processing Lab (MIPL) in processing spacecraft telemetry and distributing the resulting data to the science community. To minimize costs and maximize operability, the software design focused on automated error recovery, performance, and information management. The system processes telemetry from the Spitzer spacecraft and delivers Level 0 products to the Spitzer Science Center. SirtfTlmProc is a unique system with automated error notification and recovery, with a real-time continuous service that can go quiescent after periods of inactivity. The software can process 2 GB of telemetry and deliver Level 0 science products to the end user in four hours. It provides analysis tools so the operator can manage the system and troubleshoot problems. It automates telemetry processing in order to reduce staffing costs.

  4. Radioactive sodium processing apparatus

    Purpose: To enable safety, continuous and economical disposal for radioactive sodium while preventing radioactive contaminations. Constitution: Reaction gas introduction pipe for introducing oxygen and carbon dioxygen, and steams for accelerating the processing speed, as well as a discharge pipe for sodium carbonate as reaction products are connected to the lower side wall of a radioactive sodium processing container. A screw conveyor is mounted within the radioactive sodium processing container and a torque meter is disposed in the central axis of the conveyor. Signals from the torque meter are sent to an oxygen introduction control device. V-shaped recesses are formed to the screw blades of the conveyor for improving the separating efficiency between sodium carbonate produced through the procession and not-processed radioactive sodium. Since sodium is converted after the process into sodium carbonate, it can be handled and stored within ease. (Yoshihara, H.)

  5. Computers for symbolic processing

    Wah, Benjamin W.; Lowrie, Matthew B.; Li, Guo-Jie


    A detailed survey on the motivations, design, applications, current status, and limitations of computers designed for symbolic processing is provided. Symbolic processing computations are performed at the word, relation, or meaning levels, and the knowledge used in symbolic applications may be fuzzy, uncertain, indeterminate, and ill represented. Various techniques for knowledge representation and processing are discussed from both the designers' and users' points of view. The design and choice of a suitable language for symbolic processing and the mapping of applications into a software architecture are then considered. The process of refining the application requirements into hardware and software architectures is treated, and state-of-the-art sequential and parallel computers designed for symbolic processing are discussed.

  6. Badge Office Process Analysis

    Haurykiewicz, John Paul [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Dinehart, Timothy Grant [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Parker, Robert Young [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)


    The purpose of this process analysis was to analyze the Badge Offices’ current processes from a systems perspective and consider ways of pursuing objectives set forth by SEC-PS, namely increased customer flow (throughput) and reduced customer wait times. Information for the analysis was gathered for the project primarily through Badge Office Subject Matter Experts (SMEs), and in-person observation of prevailing processes. Using the information gathered, a process simulation model was constructed to represent current operations and allow assessment of potential process changes relative to factors mentioned previously. The overall purpose of the analysis was to provide SEC-PS management with information and recommendations to serve as a basis for additional focused study and areas for potential process improvements in the future.

  7. Linearity in Process Languages

    Nygaard, Mikkel; Winskel, Glynn


    The meaning and mathematical consequences of linearity (managing without a presumed ability to copy) are studied for a path-based model of processes which is also a model of affine-linear logic. This connection yields an affine-linear language for processes, automatically respecting open-map bisi......The meaning and mathematical consequences of linearity (managing without a presumed ability to copy) are studied for a path-based model of processes which is also a model of affine-linear logic. This connection yields an affine-linear language for processes, automatically respecting open......-map bisimulation, in which a range of process operations can be expressed. An operational semantics is provided for the tensor fragment of the language. Different ways to make assemblies of processes lead to different choices of exponential, some of which respect bisimulation....

  8. NASA Hazard Analysis Process

    Deckert, George


    This viewgraph presentation reviews The NASA Hazard Analysis process. The contents include: 1) Significant Incidents and Close Calls in Human Spaceflight; 2) Subsystem Safety Engineering Through the Project Life Cycle; 3) The Risk Informed Design Process; 4) Types of NASA Hazard Analysis; 5) Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA); 6) Hazard Analysis Process; 7) Identify Hazardous Conditions; 8) Consider All Interfaces; 9) Work a Preliminary Hazard List; 10) NASA Generic Hazards List; and 11) Final Thoughts

  9. Operating System Process Schedulers



    Process scheduling is one of the key tasks of every operating system. Proper implementation of a scheduler reflects itself in a system responsiveness, especially when processes require execution in real-time. Multimedia playback is one of these processes, also being one of the most common operating system tasks nowadays. In the beginning of this thesis, I present theoretical basics of scheduling: its goals, different scheduling types and basics algorithms. I cover scheduling in single-proces...

  10. Basic digital signal processing

    Lockhart, Gordon B


    Basic Digital Signal Processing describes the principles of digital signal processing and experiments with BASIC programs involving the fast Fourier theorem (FFT). The book reviews the fundamentals of the BASIC program, continuous and discrete time signals including analog signals, Fourier analysis, discrete Fourier transform, signal energy, power. The text also explains digital signal processing involving digital filters, linear time-variant systems, discrete time unit impulse, discrete-time convolution, and the alternative structure for second order infinite impulse response (IIR) sections.

  11. Transnational Learning Processes

    Nedergaard, Peter

    This paper analyses and compares the transnational learning processes in the employment field in the European Union and among the Nordic countries. Based theoretically on a social constructivist model of learning and methodologically on a questionnaire distributed to the relevant participants......, a number of hypotheses concerning transnational learning processes are tested. The paper closes with a number of suggestions regarding an optimal institutional setting for facilitating transnational learning processes.Key words: Transnational learning, Open Method of Coordination, Learning, Employment...

  12. Process Improvement Essentials

    Persse, James R


    Process Improvement Essentials combines the foundation needed to understand process improvement theory with the best practices to help individuals implement process improvement initiatives in their organization. The three leading programs: ISO 9001:2000, CMMI, and Six Sigma--amidst the buzz and hype--tend to get lumped together under a common label. This book delivers a combined guide to all three programs, compares their applicability, and then sets the foundation for further exploration.

  13. Multiphoton processes: conference proceedings

    Lambropoulos, P.; Smith, S.J. (eds.)


    The chapters of this volume represent the invited papers delivered at the conference. They are arranged according to thermatic proximity beginning with atoms and continuing with molecules and surfaces. Section headings include multiphoton processes in atoms, field fluctuations and collisions in multiphoton process, and multiphoton processes in molecules and surfaces. Abstracts of individual items from the conference were prepared separately for the data base. (GHT)

  14. TEP process flow diagram

    Wilms, R Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Carlson, Bryan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Coons, James [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kubic, William [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    This presentation describes the development of the proposed Process Flow Diagram (PFD) for the Tokamak Exhaust Processing System (TEP) of ITER. A brief review of design efforts leading up to the PFD is followed by a description of the hydrogen-like, air-like, and waterlike processes. Two new design values are described; the mostcommon and most-demanding design values. The proposed PFD is shown to meet specifications under the most-common and mostdemanding design values.

  15. Olfactory Signal Processing

    Varshney, Kush R.; Varshney, Lav R.


    Olfaction, the sense of smell, has received scant attention from a signal processing perspective in comparison to audition and vision. In this paper, we develop a signal processing paradigm for olfactory signals based on new scientific discoveries including the psychophysics concept of olfactory white. We describe a framework for predicting the perception of odorant compounds from their physicochemical features and use the prediction as a foundation for several downstream processing tasks. We...

  16. Software Radar signal processing

    T. Grydeland; Lind, F. D.; Erickson, P J; J. M. Holt


    Software infrastructure is a growing part of modern radio science systems. As part of developing a generic infrastructure for implementing Software Radar systems, we have developed a set of reusable signal processing components. These components are generic software-based implementations for use on general purpose computing systems. The components allow for the implementation of signal processing chains for radio frequency signal reception, correlation-based data processing, and cross-correla...

  17. Business process transformation

    Grover, Varun


    Featuring contributions from prominent thinkers and researchers, this volume in the ""Advances in Management Information Systems"" series provides a rich set of conceptual, empirical, and introspective studies that epitomize fundamental knowledge in the area of Business Process Transformation. Processes are interpreted broadly to include operational and managerial processes within and between organizations, as well as those involved in knowledge generation. Transformation includes radical and incremental change, its conduct, management, and outcome. The editors and contributing authors pay clo

  18. Free Jacobi Process

    Demni, Nizar


    Using a matrix approach, we define the free Jacobi process as the limit of the complex Jacobi matrix process. The we derive a free SDE which is analogous to its classical counterpart. To proceed, we prove that fro suitable parameters the process remains injective if it is initially injective and then use the polar decomposition. In the stationnary case, this will be easily deduced from the explicit expression of the spectral measure. In the general setting we derive a recurrence formula for t...

  19. Software Engineering Process Metamodels

    Ragna Steenweg; Marco Kuhrmann; Daniel Méndez Fernández


    Software processes help to structure and organize software projects. Since software projects are complex endeavors and continuously grow in terms of size, budget, and complexity, software processes are used to coordinate people and teams, to define inter- faces in a multi-site project setting in global distributed development, and to provide a shared terminology and knowledge base. Since much process knowledge is available, appropriate tools are required to structure knowledge and to make it ...

  20. Polygon mesh processing

    Botsch, Mario; Pauly, Mark; Alliez, Pierre; Levy, Bruno


    Geometry processing, or mesh processing, is a fast-growing area of research that uses concepts from applied mathematics, computer science, and engineering to design efficient algorithms for the acquisition, reconstruction, analysis, manipulation, simulation, and transmission of complex 3D models. Applications of geometry processing algorithms already cover a wide range of areas from multimedia, entertainment, and classical computer-aided design, to biomedical computing, reverse engineering, and scientific computing. Over the last several years, triangle meshes have become increasingly popular,

  1. Hierarchical Dirichlet Scaling Process

    Kim, Dongwoo; Oh, Alice


    We present the \\textit{hierarchical Dirichlet scaling process} (HDSP), a Bayesian nonparametric mixed membership model. The HDSP generalizes the hierarchical Dirichlet process (HDP) to model the correlation structure between metadata in the corpus and mixture components. We construct the HDSP based on the normalized gamma representation of the Dirichlet process, and this construction allows incorporating a scaling function that controls the membership probabilities of the mixture components. ...

  2. TEP process flow diagram

    This presentation describes the development of the proposed Process Flow Diagram (PFD) for the Tokamak Exhaust Processing System (TEP) of ITER. A brief review of design efforts leading up to the PFD is followed by a description of the hydrogen-like, air-like, and waterlike processes. Two new design values are described; the mostcommon and most-demanding design values. The proposed PFD is shown to meet specifications under the most-common and mostdemanding design values.

  3. Financial information processing

    Shuo BAI; Shouyang WANG; Lean YU; Aoying ZHOU


    @@ The rapid growth in financial data volume has made financial information processing more and more difficult due to the increase in complexity, which has forced businesses and academics alike to turn to sophisticated information processing technologies for better solutions. A typical feature is that high-performance computers and advanced computational techniques play ever-increasingly important roles for business and industries to have competitive advantages. Accordingly, financial information processing has emerged as a new cross-disciplinary field integrating computer science, mathematics, financial economics, intelligent techniques, and computer simulations to make different decisions based on processed financial information.

  4. Multimodal Processes Rescheduling

    Bocewicz, Grzegorz; Banaszak, Zbigniew A.; Nielsen, Peter;


    -cuted in these kinds of systems can be considered using a declarative modeling framework. Proposed representation provides a unified way for performance evaluation of local cyclic as well as supported by them multimodal processes. The main question regards of reachability of a SCCP cyclic behavior. In this context......Cyclic scheduling problems concerning multimodal processes are usually observed in FMSs producing multi-type parts where the Automated Guided Vehicles System (AGVS) plays a role of a material handling system. Schedulability analysis of concurrently flowing cyclic processes (SCCP) exe......, the sufficient conditions guarantee the reachability of both local and multimodal processes cyclic steady state spaces are discussed....

  5. Processing and recycling

    Participants of the meeting reported on materials and methods of industrial waste recycling and waste processing: development of sampling techniques for bulk quantities, characterization of electronic scrap, mechanical-biological treatment of residual wastes, comminution, ultrasonic dispersion of solids, control of particle size, fractionation, mills, wet benefication of heavy minerals from sand dunes, processing of slags and ashes, processing of polypropylene, computerized simulation of processing machines, recycling of photovoltaic Cadmium Telluride thin layer modules, compacting of hard coal, production of AIM (Auto Ignition Materials) pellets for airbags, oxidic solder for conditioning of radioactive wasteshydrocyclons, gasification of biomass, recycling of non-ferrous metals, mechanochemical dechlorination of PCB, dioxins, pentachlorphenol and pesticides, ceramics. (uke)

  6. The Critical Design Process

    Brunsgaard, Camilla; Knudstrup, Mary-Ann; Heiselberg, Per


    . Data analysis showed that the majority of the consortiums worked in an integrated manner; though there was room for improvment. Additionally, the paper discusses the challanges of implementing the integrated design process in practice and suggests ways of overcomming some of the barriers . In doing so...... within Danish tradition of architecture and construction. The objective of the research presented in this paper, is to compare the different design processes behind the making of passive houses in a Danish context. We evaluated the process with regard to the integrated and traditional design process...

  7. Cooperative internal conversion process

    Kálmán, Péter


    A new phenomenon, called cooperative internal conversion process, in which the coupling of bound-free electron and neutron transitions due to the dipole term of their Coulomb interaction permits cooperation of two nuclei leading to neutron exchange if it is allowed by energy conservation, is discussed theoretically. General expression of the cross section of the process is reported in one particle nuclear and spherical shell models as well in the case of free atoms (e.g. noble gases). A half-life characteristic of the process is also determined. The case of $Ne$ is investigated numerically. The process may have significance in fields of nuclear waste disposal and nuclear energy production.

  8. Living olefin polymerization processes

    Schrock, Richard R.; Baumann, Robert


    Processes for the living polymerization of olefin monomers with terminal carbon-carbon double bonds are disclosed. The processes employ initiators that include a metal atom and a ligand having two group 15 atoms and a group 16 atom or three group 15 atoms. The ligand is bonded to the metal atom through two anionic or covalent bonds and a dative bond. The initiators are particularly stable under reaction conditions in the absence of olefin monomer. The processes provide polymers having low polydispersities, especially block copolymers having low polydispersities. It is an additional advantage of these processes that, during block copolymer synthesis, a relatively small amount of homopolymer is formed.

  9. Fuels Processing Laboratory

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — NETL’s Fuels Processing Laboratory in Morgantown, WV, provides researchers with the equipment they need to thoroughly explore the catalytic issues associated with...

  10. Process modeling style

    Long, John


    Process Modeling Style focuses on other aspects of process modeling beyond notation that are very important to practitioners. Many people who model processes focus on the specific notation used to create their drawings. While that is important, there are many other aspects to modeling, such as naming, creating identifiers, descriptions, interfaces, patterns, and creating useful process documentation. Experience author John Long focuses on those non-notational aspects of modeling, which practitioners will find invaluable. Gives solid advice for creating roles, work produ

  11. Chemical process hazards analysis



    The Office of Worker Health and Safety (EH-5) under the Assistant Secretary for the Environment, Safety and Health of the US Department (DOE) has published two handbooks for use by DOE contractors managing facilities and processes covered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Rule for Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals (29 CFR 1910.119), herein referred to as the PSM Rule. The PSM Rule contains an integrated set of chemical process safety management elements designed to prevent chemical releases that can lead to catastrophic fires, explosions, or toxic exposures. The purpose of the two handbooks, ``Process Safety Management for Highly Hazardous Chemicals`` and ``Chemical Process Hazards Analysis,`` is to facilitate implementation of the provisions of the PSM Rule within the DOE. The purpose of this handbook ``Chemical Process Hazards Analysis,`` is to facilitate, within the DOE, the performance of chemical process hazards analyses (PrHAs) as required under the PSM Rule. It provides basic information for the performance of PrHAs, and should not be considered a complete resource on PrHA methods. Likewise, to determine if a facility is covered by the PSM rule, the reader should refer to the handbook, ``Process Safety Management for Highly Hazardous Chemicals`` (DOE- HDBK-1101-96). Promulgation of the PSM Rule has heightened the awareness of chemical safety management issues within the DOE. This handbook is intended for use by DOE facilities and processes covered by the PSM rule to facilitate contractor implementation of the PrHA element of the PSM Rule. However, contractors whose facilities and processes not covered by the PSM Rule may also use this handbook as a basis for conducting process hazards analyses as part of their good management practices. This handbook explains the minimum requirements for PrHAs outlined in the PSM Rule. Nowhere have requirements been added beyond what is specifically required by the rule.

  12. EARSEC SAR processing system

    Protheroe, Mark; Sloggett, David R.; Sieber, Alois J.


    Traditionally, the production of high quality Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery has been an area where a potential user would have to expend large amounts of money in either the bespoke development of a processing chain dedicated to his requirements or in the purchase of a dedicated hardware platform adapted using accelerator boards and enhanced memory management. Whichever option the user adopted there were limitations based on the desire for a realistic throughput in data load and time. The user had a choice, made early in the purchase, for either a system that adopted innovative algorithmic manipulation, to limit the processing time of the purchase of expensive hardware. The former limits the quality of the product, while the latter excludes the user from any visibility into the processing chain. Clearly there was a need for a SAR processing architecture that gave the user a choice into the methodology to be adopted for a particular processing sequence, allowing him to decide on either a quick (lower quality) product or a detailed slower (high quality) product, without having to change the algorithmic base of his processor or the hardware platform. The European Commission, through the Advanced Techniques unit of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Institute for Remote Sensing at Ispra in Italy, realizing the limitations on current processing abilities, initiated its own program to build airborne SAR and Electro-Optical (EO) sensor systems. This program is called the European Airborne Remote Sensing Capabilities (EARSEC) program. This paper describes the processing system developed for the airborne SAR sensor system. The paper considers the requirements for the system and the design of the EARSEC Airborne SAR Processing System. It highlights the development of an open SAR processing architecture where users have full access to intermediate products that arise from each of the major processing stages. It also describes the main processing stages in the overall

  13. Facilitated exclusion process and Pfaffian Schur processes

    Baik, Jinho; Barraquand, Guillaume; Corwin, Ivan; Suidan, Toufic


    We study the Facilitated TASEP, an interacting particle system on the one dimensional integer lattice. We prove that starting from step initial condition, the position of the rightmost particle has Tracy Widom GSE statistics on a cube root time scale, while the statistics in the bulk of the rarefaction fan are GUE. This uses a mapping with last-passage percolation in a half-quadrant, which we study using the formalism of Pfaffian Schur processes. For the model with exponential weights, we pro...

  14. Technologies for Optical Processing

    Stubkjær, Kristian


    The article consists of a Powerpoint presentation on technologies for optical processing. The paper concludes that the nonlinear elements based on SOA, fibers and waveguide structures have capabilities of simple processing at data rates of 100-600 Gb/s. Switching powers comparable to electronics...

  15. Competencies of process managers

    Matej Jevšček


    Full Text Available Abstract: Research Question (RQ: Effectiveness of managers differs in implementation of the process approach. Which competencies affect performance effectiveness of managers in the process approach? Purpose:The aim of the research is to specify a set of competencies which affect performance effectiveness of managers in the process approach. Method: The theoretical part examines the current state and terminology from the field of processes and competencies. The empirical part is based on a quantitative research. An online survey questionnaire was used for data collection. The survey was conducted among auditors of management systems worldwide. Results: The research indicates that there are significant differences between influences of different competencies on performance effectiveness of managers in the process approach. The studied competencies are presented in an array from the most to the least influential. Organization: The research directly affects the development of the HR function in organizations in practice. It enables an easier and more oriented personnel selection process and development of managers in the field of process performance. Society: The research enables easier orientation in competencies development that can improve the social order as well as social responsibility and the environment indirectly. Originality: The research originally offers a set of competencies that are relevant to process management. Limitations/Future Research: The research is restricted to the population of auditors.Future studies could examine the research question from a point of view of other professional groups

  16. Hybrid quantum information processing

    Furusawa, Akira [Department of Applied Physics, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo (Japan)


    I will briefly explain the definition and advantage of hybrid quantum information processing, which is hybridization of qubit and continuous-variable technologies. The final goal would be realization of universal gate sets both for qubit and continuous-variable quantum information processing with the hybrid technologies. For that purpose, qubit teleportation with a continuousvariable teleporter is one of the most important ingredients.


    E. I. Marukovich


    Full Text Available The description of equipment for hydrodynamic experiments and methods of hydromodeling of foundry processes, allowing to carry out three-dimensional modeling of filling process, is given. This method can be used for identification of numerical models and development of casting technology of the new types of production.

  18. Applying Mathematical Processes (AMP)

    Kathotia, Vinay


    This article provides insights into the "Applying Mathematical Processes" resources, developed by the Nuffield Foundation. It features Nuffield AMP activities--and related ones from Bowland Maths--that were designed to support the teaching and assessment of key processes in mathematics--representing a situation mathematically, analysing,…

  19. Fleksibilitet i strategiske processer

    Larsen, Mette Vinther


    Hvad vil det sige at strategiske processer er fleksible? Kan man lede sådanne fleksible processer? Hvilke udfordringer, muligheder, dilemmaer, - og for den sags skyld - glæder og frustrationer er der knyttet til dette? Dette paper vil forsøge at behandle og diskutere disse spørgsmål....

  20. Image processing mini manual

    Matthews, Christine G.; Posenau, Mary-Anne; Leonard, Desiree M.; Avis, Elizabeth L.; Debure, Kelly R.; Stacy, Kathryn; Vonofenheim, Bill


    The intent is to provide an introduction to the image processing capabilities available at the Langley Research Center (LaRC) Central Scientific Computing Complex (CSCC). Various image processing software components are described. Information is given concerning the use of these components in the Data Visualization and Animation Laboratory at LaRC.

  1. Hyperspectral image processing methods

    Hyperspectral image processing refers to the use of computer algorithms to extract, store and manipulate both spatial and spectral information contained in hyperspectral images across the visible and near-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. A typical hyperspectral image processing work...

  2. Hyperspectral image processing

    Hyperspectral image processing refers to the use of computer algorithms to extract, store and manipulate both spatial and spectral information contained in hyperspectral images across the visible and near-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. A typical hyperspectral image processing work...

  3. Relational Processing Following Stroke

    Andrews, Glenda; Halford, Graeme S.; Shum, David; Maujean, Annick; Chappell, Mark; Birney, Damian


    The research examined relational processing following stroke. Stroke patients (14 with frontal, 30 with non-frontal lesions) and 41 matched controls completed four relational processing tasks: sentence comprehension, Latin square matrix completion, modified Dimensional Change Card Sorting, and n-back. Each task included items at two or three…

  4. Contaminated nickel scrap processing

    The DOE will soon choose between treating contaminated nickel scrap as a legacy waste and developing high-volume nickel decontamination processes. In addition to reducing the volume of legacy wastes, a decontamination process could make 200,000 tons of this strategic metal available for domestic use. Contaminants in DOE nickel scrap include 234Th, 234Pa, 137Cs, 239Pu (trace), 60Co, U, 99Tc, and 237Np (trace). This report reviews several industrial-scale processes -- electrorefining, electrowinning, vapormetallurgy, and leaching -- used for the purification of nickel. Conventional nickel electrolysis processes are particularly attractive because they use side-stream purification of process solutions to improve the purity of nickel metal. Additionally, nickel purification by electrolysis is effective in a variety of electrolyte systems, including sulfate, chloride, and nitrate. Conventional electrorefining processes typically use a mixed electrolyte which includes sulfate, chloride, and borate. The use of an electrorefining or electrowinning system for scrap nickel recovery could be combined effectively with a variety of processes, including cementation, solvent extraction, ion exchange, complex-formation, and surface sorption, developed for uranium and transuranic purification. Selected processes were reviewed and evaluated for use in nickel side-stream purification. 80 refs

  5. The Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Barfod, Michael Bruhn


    The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use.......The technical note gathers the theory behind the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and present its advantages and disadvantages in practical use....

  6. The process of entrepreneurship:

    Neergaard, Helle


    Growing a technology-based new venture is a complex process because these ventures are embedded in turbulent environments that require fast organisational and managerial transformation. This chapter addresses the evolutionary process of such ventures. It seeks to provide insight into the link bet...

  7. The Integrated Renovation Process

    Galiotto, Nicolas; Heiselberg, Per; Knudstrup, Mary-Ann


    the purpose of overcoming such barriers, a new scheme was proposed: the Integrated Renovation Process. In this paper, the scheme is applied to two single-family homes and is called the Integrated Renovation Process for Homes (IRP4homes). In both case studies, the newly developed methodology...

  8. Uranium processing and properties


    Covers a broad spectrum of topics and applications that deal with uranium processing and the properties of uranium Offers extensive coverage of both new and established practices for dealing with uranium supplies in nuclear engineering Promotes the documentation of the state-of-the-art processing techniques utilized for uranium and other specialty metals

  9. Auditory processing models

    Dau, Torsten


    present topics on signal processing which are important in a specific area of acoustics. These will be of interest to specialists in these areas because they will be presented from their technical perspective, rather than a generic engineering approach to signal processing. Non-specialists, or specialists...


    Gallo, Anthony E.


    U.S. food processing sector assets are valued at about $360 billion, or about 12 percent of all manufacturing assets. Profit and sales returns on assets in food processing are among the highest in the U.S. economy. Foreign holdings comprise a significant portion of food processors' assets.

  11. Laser processing of plastics

    Atanasov, Peter A.


    CO2-laser processing of plastics has been studied experimentally and theoretically. Welding of cylindrical parts made from polycarbonate and polypropylene, cutting of polymethyl-methacrylate plates, and drilling holes in polypropylene are presented as examples. A good coincidence between theoretical and experimental results in case of laser welding has been found. Some practical aspects of laser processing of plastics has been given.

  12. Microsystem process networks

    Wegeng, Robert S.; TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.; Whyatt, Greg A.


    Various aspects and applications of microsystem process networks are described. The design of many types of microsystems can be improved by ortho-cascading mass, heat, or other unit process operations. Microsystems having exergetically efficient microchannel heat exchangers are also described. Detailed descriptions of numerous design features in microcomponent systems are also provided.

  13. Dosimetry in process control

    Measurement of absorbed dose and dose distribution in irradiated medical products relies on the use of quality dosimetry systems, trained personnel and a thorough understanding of the energy deposition process. The interrelationship of these factors will be discussed with emphasis on the current and future practices of process control dosimetry. (author)

  14. Manufacturing processes 4 forming

    Klocke, Fritz


    This book provides essential information on metal forming, utilizing a practical distinction between bulk and sheet metal forming. In the field of bulk forming, it examines processes of cold, warm and hot bulk forming, as well as rolling and a new addition, the process of thixoforming. As for the field of sheet metal working, on the one hand it deals with sheet metal forming processes (deep drawing, flange forming, stretch drawing, metal spinning and bending). In terms of special processes, the chapters on internal high-pressure forming and high rate forming have been revised and refined. On the other, the book elucidates and presents the state of the art in sheet metal separation processes (shearing and fineblanking). Furthermore, joining by forming has been added to the new edition as a new chapter describing mechanical methods for joining sheet metals. The new chapter “Basic Principles” addresses both sheet metal and bulk forming, in addition to metal physics, plastomechanics and computational basics; ...

  15. New Processes for Annulation

    Liu Hsing-Jang


    Making use of the high propensity of 2-cyano-2-cycloalkenones to undergo conjugate addition with various carbanions and the high reactivity of the ensuing α -cyano ketone system, a number of new annulation processes have been developed recently in our laboratories. As shown in Eq. 1 (n=1) with a specific example, one such process involves the addition of 3-butenylmagnesium bromide, followed by a palladium (Ⅱ) acetate mediated oxidative cyclization, to facilitate methylenecyclopentane ring formation. This annulation process could be readily extended to effect methylenecyclohexane ring formation (Eq. 1, n=2), using 4-pentenylmagnesinm bromide as the initial reagent, and to install the carbomethoxy-substituted methylenecyclopentane and methylenecyclohexane rings, using the carbanions derived from methyl 4-pentenoate and methyl 5-hexenoate, respectively (Eq. 2). In another annulation process, the addition of the enolate of methyl 5-chloropentanoate is involved initially, and the ring formation is readily effected by an intramolecular alkylation process. A specific example is given in Eq. 3.

  16. Identification of wastewater processes

    Carstensen, Niels Jacob

    The introduction of on-line sensors for monitoring of nutrient salts concentrations on wastewater treatment plants with nutrient removal, opens a wide new area of modelling wastewater processes. The subject of this thesis is the formulation of operational dynamic models based on time series...... of ammonia, nitrate, and phosphate concentrations, which are measured in the aeration tanks of the biological nutrient removal system. The alternatign operation modes of the BIO-DENITRO and BIO-DENIPHO processes are of particular interest. Time series models of the hydraulic and biological processes are very......-known theory of the processes with the significant effects found in data. These models are called grey box models, and they contain rate expressions for the processes of influent load of nutrients, transport of nutrients between the aeration tanks, hydrolysis and growth of biomass, nitrification...

  17. Economics of polysilicon processes

    Yaws, C. L.; Li, K. Y.; Chou, S. M.


    Techniques are being developed to provide lower cost polysilicon material for solar cells. Existing technology which normally provides semiconductor industry polysilicon material is undergoing changes and also being used to provide polysilicon material for solar cells. Economics of new and existing technologies are presented for producing polysilicon. The economics are primarily based on the preliminary process design of a plant producing 1,000 metric tons/year of silicon. The polysilicon processes include: Siemen's process (hydrogen reduction of trichlorosilane); Union Carbide process (silane decomposition); and Hemlock Semiconductor process (hydrogen reduction of dichlorosilane). The economics include cost estimates of capital investment and product cost to produce polysilicon via the technology. Sensitivity analysis results are also presented to disclose the effect of major paramentes such as utilities, labor, raw materials and capital investment.

  18. In Process Beam Monitoring

    Steen, W. M.; Weerasinghe, V. M.


    The industrial future of lasers in material processing lies in the combination of the laser with automatic machinery. One possible form of such a combination is an intelligent workstation which monitors the process as it occurs and adjusts itself accordingly, either by self teaching or by comparison to a process data bank or algorithm. In order to achieve this attractive goal in-process signals are required. Two devices are described in this paper. One is the Laser Beam Analyser which is now maturing into a second generation with computerised output. The other is the Acoustic Mirror, a totally novel analytic technique, not yet fully understood, but which nevertheless can act as a very effective process monitor.

  19. Branching processes in biology

    Kimmel, Marek


    This book provides a theoretical background of branching processes and discusses their biological applications. Branching processes are a well-developed and powerful set of tools in the field of applied probability. The range of applications considered includes molecular biology, cellular biology, human evolution and medicine. The branching processes discussed include Galton-Watson, Markov, Bellman-Harris, Multitype, and General Processes. As an aid to understanding specific examples, two introductory chapters, and two glossaries are included that provide background material in mathematics and in biology. The book will be of interest to scientists who work in quantitative modeling of biological systems, particularly probabilists, mathematical biologists, biostatisticians, cell biologists, molecular biologists, and bioinformaticians. The authors are a mathematician and cell biologist who have collaborated for more than a decade in the field of branching processes in biology for this new edition. This second ex...

  20. Formed HIP Can Processing

    Clarke, Kester Diederik [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)


    The intent of this report is to document a procedure used at LANL for HIP bonding aluminum cladding to U-10Mo fuel foils using a formed HIP can for the Domestic Reactor Conversion program in the NNSA Office of Material, Management and Minimization, and provide some details that may not have been published elsewhere. The HIP process is based on the procedures that have been used to develop the formed HIP can process, including the baseline process developed at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The HIP bonding cladding process development is summarized in the listed references. Further iterations with Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) to refine the process to meet production and facility requirements is expected.