1989-01-01
Contents: CP Phenomenology: Introduction to CP Violation (C Jarlskog); CP-Violation in the K 0 -K 0 -System (K Kleinknecht); The Quark Mixing Matrix, Charm Decays and B Decays (S Stone); The Question of CP Noninvariance - As Seen through the Eyes of Neutral Beauty (I I Bigi et al.); In Search of CP Noninvariance in Heavy Quark Systems (L-L Chau); CP Violation at High Energy e + e - Colliders (J Bernabéu & M B Gavela); CP Violation in the Standard Model with Four Families (A Datta & E A Paschos); CP Effects When Neutrinos are their Own Antiparticles (B Kayser); On Spontaneous CP Violation Trigg
We review the phenomenology of CP violation. the first part is a general discussion of CP violation in meson decays and in fermion electric dipole moments. The second part describes CP violation in in the Standard Model. The third part describes CP violation beyond the Standard Model. Our discussion is free of phase conventions and uses one language for the K and B systems, which gives further insight into the advantages of measuring CP violation in the β system
Beneke, M.
2002-01-01
Several pieces of direct and indirect evidence now suggest that the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism plays a distinguished role for CP violation at the electroweak scale. This talk provides a general overview of CP violation in its various contexts, emphasizing CP violation in flavour-violating interactions, such as due to the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism. I then review a few recent theoretical developments relevant to the interpretation of CP violation.
Predictions for CP violation in the three generation Standard Model are reviewed based on what is known about the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix. Application to the K and B meson systems are emphasized. 43 refs., 13 figs
Kraml, S.
2007-01-01
CP violation in supersymmetric models is reviewd with focus on explicit CP violation in the MSSM. The topics covered in particular are CP-mixing in the Higgs sector and its measurement at the LHC, CP-odd observables in the gaugino sector at the ILC, EDM constraints, and the neutralino relic density.
Yamamoto, Hitoshi
2001-01-01
We review the physics of CP violation in B decays. After introducing the CKM matrix and how it causes CP violation, we cover three types of CP violation that can occur in B decays: CP violation in mixing, CP violation by mixing-decay interference, and CP violation in decay.
Gronau, Michael
1998-01-01
CP violation in K and B decays is reviewed in the Standard Model (SM) and beyond the SM. In K decays, one is seeking first evidence for CP violation in direct $K\\to \\pi\\pi$ decays. This would not give a precise quantitative test for the present explanation of CP violation in terms of a phase in the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix. Such tests are provided by a variety of CP asymmetries in neutral and charged B decays. Certain features, characterizing CP violation beyond the standard model, are outlined in the B meson system.
Y Sakai
2006-11-01
Recent results on CP-violation measurements in decays from energy asymmetric -factory experiments are reported. Thanks to large accumulated data samples, CP-violations in decays in mixing-decay interference and direct CP-violation are now firmly established. The measurements of three angles of the unitarity triangle from CP-violations of decays are quite consistent with the Standard Model expectations. These results strongly support the validity of the Kobayashi-Maskawa prescription of CP-violation.
CP violation and modular symmetries
Dent, Thomas
2001-01-01
We reconsider the origin of CP violation in fundamental theory. Existing string models of spontaneous CP violation make ambiguous predictions, due to the arbitrariness of CP transformation and the apparent non-invariance of the results under duality. We find an unambiguous modular CP invariance condition, applicable to predictive models of spontaneous CP violation, which circumvents these problems; it strongly constrains CP violation by heterotic string moduli. The dilaton is also evaluated a...
Dunietz, Isard
1997-01-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K^0 decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity epsilon. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K^0 decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B_d -> J/\\psi K_S, pi^+pi^- asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The r...
She reviews how one can test the Standard Model predictions for CP violation. This test requires sufficient independent measurements to overconstrain the model parameters and thus be sensitive to possible beyond Standard Model contributions. She addresses the challenges for theory as well as for experiment to achieve such a test
Quinn, H.R.
1994-02-01
She reviews how one can test the Standard Model predictions for CP violation. This test requires sufficient independent measurements to overconstrain the model parameters and thus be sensitive to possible beyond Standard Model contributions. She addresses the challenges for theory as well as for experiment to achieve such a test.
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
A review on CP violation in the B and K mesons systems is given, which, we hope may familiarize new Belle members in the basic ingredients of this topic, which is one of the most challenging problems of experimental high energy physics.
Dunietz, I.
1997-09-24
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d} {yields} J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The rapid B{sub s}--{anti B}{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged B decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states.
Dunietz, I. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)
1998-05-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the standard model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d}{yields}J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The rapid B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged B decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states. The CKM phase {phi}=-2{beta}-{gamma}=-{pi}+{alpha}-{beta} can be obtained from time-dependent studies of B{sub d}(t){yields}D{sup (*){+-}}{pi}{sup -+}, even in the presence of possible final-state interactions. (orig.) 42 refs.
Dunietz, I. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)
1998-02-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in {ital B} decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d}{r_arrow}J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive {ital B} data samples. The rapid B{sub s}{minus}{bar B}{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged {ital B} decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}
Recent theoretical and experimental progress on the manifestation of CP violation in K decays, and toward understanding whether CP violation originates in a phase, or phases, in the weak mixing matrix of quarks is reviewed. 23 refs., 10 figs
Gronau, Michael
2007-01-01
Precision tests of the Kobayashi-Maskawa model of CP violation are discussed, pointing out possible signatures for other sources of CP violation and for new flavor-changing operators. The current status of the most accurate tests is summarized.
Atomic CP-violating polarizability
Ravaine, Boris; Kozlov, M. G.; Derevianko, Andrei
2005-01-01
Searches for CP violating effects in atoms and molecules provide important constrains on competing extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. In particular, CP violation in an atom leads to the CP-odd (T,P-odd) polarizability $\\beta^\\mathrm{CP}$: a magnetic moment $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP}$ is induced by an electric field $\\mathcal{E}_0$ applied to an atom, $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP} = \\beta^\\mathrm{CP} \\mathcal{E}_0 $. We estimate the CP-violating polarizability for rare-gas (diamagnetic) atoms ...
CP violation in gauge theories
Einhorn, Martin B; Wudka, Jose
2000-01-01
We define the CP transformation properties of scalars, fermions and vectors in a gauge theory and show that only three types of interactions can lead to CP violation: scalar interactions, fermion-scalar interactions and $ F \\tilde F $ associated with the strong CP problem and which involve only the gauge fields. For technicolor theories this implies the absence of CP violation within perturbation theory.
Twenty-five years after the discovery of CP violation in the neutral Kaon system, we still dont know exactly the origin and the components of that weak non invariance. The two more precise experiments give slightly different answers concerning the direct way of CP violation NA 31 gives ε prime/ε incompatible with the Superweak Model (for which ε prime=0) and in agreement with Standard Model predictions compatible with both. Again, one needs new and precise results in order to conclude about ε prime. E731 and NA31 are actually working on their new data samples. Longer term ideas are also being discussed, looking for new experiments able to give ε prime/ε with a precision. Concerning CPT invariance the situation seems to be more clear
CP violating scalar Dark Matter
Cordero-Cid, A; Keus, V; King, S F; Moretti, S; Rojas, D; Sokołowska, D
2016-01-01
We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar $SU(2)$ doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are \\textit{inert}, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the \\textit{inert} sector, where the lightest \\textit{inert} state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a $Z_2$ symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the \\textit{inert} sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due to CP-violation, is hence a Dark Matter (DM) candidate. We discuss the new regions of DM relic density opened up by CP-violation, and compare our results to the CP-conserving limit and the Inert Doublet Model (IDM). We constrain the parameter space of the CP-violating model using recent results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and DM direct and indirect detection experiments.
Atomic CP-violating polarizability
Ravaine, B; Derevianko, A; Ravaine, Boris; Derevianko, Andrei
2005-01-01
Searches for CP violating effects in atoms and molecules provide important constrains on competing extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. In particular, CP violation in an atom leads to the CP-odd (T,P-odd) polarizability $\\beta^\\mathrm{CP}$: a magnetic moment $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP}$ is induced by an electric field $\\mathcal{E}_0$ applied to an atom, $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP} = \\beta^\\mathrm{CP} \\mathcal{E}_0 $. We estimate the CP-violating polarizability for rare-gas (diamagnetic) atoms He through Rn. We relate betaCP to the permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the electron and to the scalar constant of the CP-odd electron-nucleus interaction. The analysis is carried out using the third-order perturbation theory and the Dirac-Hartree-Fock formalism. We find that, as a function of nuclear charge Z, betaCP scales steeply as Z^5 R(Z), where slowly-varying R(Z) is a relativistic enhancement factor. Finally, we evaluate a feasibility of setting a limit on electron EDM by measuring CP-violating magnetizat...
Atomic CP-violating polarizability
Searches for CP-violating effects in atoms and molecules provide important constrains on competing extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. In particular, CP violation in an atom leads to the CP-odd (T,P-odd) polarizability βCP: a magnetic moment μCP is induced by an electric field E0 applied to an atom, μCP=βCPE0. We estimate the CP-violating polarizability for rare-gas (diamagnetic) atoms He through Rn. We relate βCP to the permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the electron and to the scalar constant of the CP-odd electron-nucleus interaction. The analysis is carried out using the third-order perturbation theory and the Dirac-Hartree-Fock formalism. We find that, as a function of nuclear charge Z, βCP scales steeply as Z5R(Z), where slowly varying R(Z) is a relativistic enhancement factor. Finally, we evaluate the feasibility of setting a limit on electron EDM by measuring CP-violating magnetization of liquid Xe. We find that such an experiment could provide competitive bounds on electron EDM only if the present level of experimental sensitivity to ultraweak magnetic fields [Kominis et al., Nature 422, 596 (2003)] is improved by several orders of magnitude
Zwicky, Roman
2007-01-01
We give a brief summary of the unparticle scenario proposed by Georgi. The CP-even phase of the propagator is exploited to study the CP-asymmetry in B+ --> tau+ + nu, which is neither experimentally searched for nor predicted by any other model. Furthermore we show that the novel CP-violation is consistent with the CPT theorem by identifying the CP-compensating mode in the unparticle sector.
The physics of CP violation is an area in which the Standard Model makes defininte predictions that have yet to be experimentally verified. B mesons are an excellent system in which to test these predictions. Current efforts to understand baryogenesis in the early universe suggest that there must be CP-violating processes betond the Standard Model. Reviewed here are the predictions of the Standard Model and how the various relationships between measurements can be used to test the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa picture of CP-violation, to measure remaining unknown Standard Model parameters, and to glimpse physics beyond the Standard Model. 88 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs
Leptonic CP Violation and Leptogenesis
Petcov, S T
2014-01-01
The phenomenology of 3-neutrino mixing, the current status of our knowledge about the 3-neutrino mixing parameters, including the absolute neutrino mass scale, and of the Dirac and Majorana CP violation in the lepton sector, are reviewed. The problems of CP violation in neutrino oscillations and of determining the nature - Dirac or Majorana - of massive neutrinos, are discussed. The seesaw mechanism of neutrino mass generation and the related leptogenesis scenario of generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, are considered. The results showing that the CP violation necessary for the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe in leptogenesis can be due exclusively to the Dirac and/or Majorana CP-violating phase(s) in the neutrino mixing matrix $U$, are briefly reviewed.
CP violation in electroweak interactions
We present a general method to test the CP properties of gauge theories of the electroweak interactions. We consider both the case of spontaneous CP violation and of explicit CP breaking. The method enables one to derive in a simple way CP restrictions on the couplings of a given Lagrangian and to express these restrictions in terms of weak-basis invariants which define the CP properties of the Lagrangian. We consider in detail the case of the standard model and some of its simplest extensions. (orig.)
Recent Developments in Theory of CP Violation
Nir, Yosef
1997-01-01
Four topics in theory of CP violation are reviewed. (a) CP violation in $B$ decays: We describe a new clean way of constraining the angle $\\gamma$ of the unitarity triangle and how new CP violation in decay amplitudes can signal new physics. (b) CP violation in $K$ decays: We explain the special features of the decay $K_L\\ra\\pi^0\
CP violation with beautiful baryons
Dunietz, I. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.)
1992-10-01
CP violation can be studied in modes of charmed or bottom baryons when a decay process is compared with its charge-conjugated partner. It can show up as a rate asymmetry and in a study of other decay parameters. Neither tagging nor time-dependences are required to observe CP violation with modes of baryons, in contrast to the conventional B{sup 0} modes. Numerous modes of bottom baryons have the potential to show large CP-violating effects within the Standard Model. Those effects can be substantial for modes with a D{sup 0}, which is seen in a final state that can also be fed from {anti D}{sup 0}. For instance, a comparison of the {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}D{sub CP}{sup 0} with the anti {Lambda}{sub b}{yields} anti {Lambda}D{sub CP}{sup 0} process can show sizeable CP violation. Here D{sub CP}{sup 0} denotes CP eigenstates of D{sup 0}, which occur at a few percent. Six related processes, such as {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}D{sup 0}, {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}{anti D}{sup 0}, {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}D{sub CP}{sup 0}, and their charge-conjugated counterparts, can extract {phi}, which is the most problematic angle of the unitarity triangle and which is conventionally probed with the B{sub s}{yields}{rho}{sup 0} K{sub S} asymmetry. Here D{sup 0} and anti D{sup 0} are identified by their charged kaon or lepton.
CP violation and antigravity (revisited)
Chardin, G.
1993-06-01
Several arguments favour gravitation as the "Master Arrow of Time". Providing an explanation in terms of gravitation for the CP (and T) violation observed in the neutral kaon system, which provides the only example of a microscopic "arrow of time", is therefore extremely tempting. We show qualitatively that "antigravity" would provide just the amount of anomalous regeneration that we call CP violation and that a consequence of antigravity would be that any massive body would evaporate with the timescale of the Hawking radiation of black holes, which is linked to the generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics. Tests of this idea are proposed.
Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Pich, Antonio
2013-01-01
An introductory overview of the Standard Model description of flavour is presented. The main emphasis is put on present tests of the quark-mixing matrix structure and the phenomenological determination of its parameters. Special attention is given to the experimental evidences of CP violation and their important role in our understanding of flavour dynamics.
It is review the Standard Model predictions of CP violation in kaon decays. It is presented an elementary introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory, four-quark effective Hamiltonians and the relation among them.Particular attention devoted to K -> 3 π, K->2πγ and K -> π ff decays
These lectures provide a basic overview of topics related to the study of CP Violation in B decays. In the first lecture, I review the basics of discrete symmetries in field theories, the quantum mechanics of neutral but flavor-non-trivial mesons, and the classification of three types of CP violation. The actual second lecture which I gave will be separately published as it is my Dirac award lecture and is focussed on the separate topic of strong CP Violation. In Lecture 2 here, I cover the Standard Model predictions for neutral B decays, and in particular discuss some channels of interest for CP Violation studies. Lecture 3 reviews the various tools and techniques used to deal with the hadronic physics effects. In Lecture 4, I briefly review the present and planned experiments that can study B decays. I cannot teach all the details of this subject in this short course, so my approach is instead to try to give students a grasp of the relevant concepts and an overview of the available tools. The level of these lectures is introductory. I will provide some references to more detailed treatments and current literature, but this is not a review article so I do not attempt to give complete references to all related literature. By now there are some excellent textbooks that cover this subject in great detail. I refer students to these for more details and for more complete references to the original literature. (author)
These lectures provide a basic overview of topics related to the study of CP Violation in B decays. In the first lecture, I review the basics of discrete symmetries in field theories, the quantum mechanics of neutral but flavor-non-trivial mesons, and the classification of three types of CP violation [1]. The actual second lecture which I gave will be separately published as it is my Dirac award lecture and is focused on the separate topic of strong CP Violation. In Lecture 2 here, I cover the Standard Model predictions for neutral B decays, and in particular discuss some channels of interest for CP Violation studies. Lecture 3 reviews the various tools and techniques used to deal with the hadronic physics effects. In Lecture 4, I briefly review the present and planned experiments that can study B decays. I cannot teach all the details of this subject in this short course, so my approach is instead to try to give students a grasp of the relevant concepts and an overview of the available tools. The level of these lectures is introductory. I will provide some references to more detailed treatments and current literature, but this is not a review article so I do not attempt to give complete references to all related literature. By now there are some excellent textbooks that cover this subject in great detail [1]. I refer students to these for more details and for more complete references to the original literature
Flavour physics and CP violation
Nir, Y
2015-01-01
We explain the many reasons for the interest in flavor physics. We describe flavor physics and the related CP violation within the Standard Model, and explain how the B-factories proved that the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism dominates the CP violation that is observed in meson decays. We explain the implications of flavor physics for new physics, with emphasis on the “new physics flavor puzzle”, and present the idea of minimal flavor violation as a possible solution. We explain why the values flavor parameters of the Standard Model are puzzling, present the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism as a possible solution, and describe how measurements of neutrino parameters are interpreted in the context of this puzzle. We show that the recently discovered Higgs-like boson may provide new opportunities for making progress on the various flavor puzzles.
Flavour physics and CP violation
Rukmani Mohanta; Anjan Kumar Giri
2010-05-01
It is well known that the study of flavour physics and CP violation is very important to critically test the Standard Model and to look for possible signature of new physics beyond it. The observation of CP violation in kaon system in 1964 has ignited a lot of experimental and theoretical efforts to understand its origin and to look for CP violation effects in other systems besides the neutral kaons. The two -factories BABAR and BELLE, along with other experiments, in the last decade or so made studies in flavour physics and CP violation a very interesting one. In this article we discuss the status and prospectives of the flavour physics associated with the strange, charm and bottom sectors of the Standard Model. The important results in kaon sector will be briefly discussed. Recently, mixing in the charm system has been observed, which was being pursued for quite some time without any success. The smallness of the mixing parameters in the charm system is due to the hierarchical structure of the CKM matrix. Interestingly, so far we have not found CP violation in the charm system but in the future, with more dedicated experiments at charm threshold, the situation could change. Many interesting observations have been made in the case of bottom mesons and some of them show some kind of deviations from that of the Standard Model expectations which are mainly associated with the → flavour changing neutral current transitions. It is long believed that the system could be the harbinger of new physics since it is a system in which both bottom and strange quarks are the constituents. Recently, D0 and CDF announced their result for the mixing which is claimed to be the first possible new physics signature in the flavour sector. We plan to touch upon all important issues pointing out both theoretical and experimental developments and future prospects in this review article.
CP violation and flavor mixing
The development of the studies of CP violation and the quark and lepton flavors are reviewed based on the author's personal career. He started studying physics at Nagoya University before quark model came into the world. He entered the graduate program and the belonged to theoretical particle physics group led by Professor S. Sakata. In 1956, Sakata model was proposed on three baryons, n, p and lambda, which was eventually replaced by the quark model, but the root of the idea of the fundamental triplet was in Sakata model. Activities of Sakata group including proposal of Nagoya model, its further developments and the formulation of lepton flavor mixing are described based on his experience as a graduate student. After leaving Nagoya, he started to work on CP violation problem in Kyoto. The theoretical process they followed to explain CP violation and finally to propose the six-quark model in 1973 is described. Following their proposal, J/φ, τ-lepton, γ (bound state of quark b and anti-b) and quark t were discovered in '74, '75, '77 and '95', respectively. The large CP asymmetry in B-meson system expected from their theory was verified with electron positron collision experiments at B factories, KEKB of KEK and PEPII of SLAC. Measuring method and results of B factories are illustrated. Finally the lepton flavor mixing observed by K2K experiment with Super Kamiokande and reactor neutrinos with KamLAND, which are clearly showing the oscillating behavior, is described. (S. Funahashi)
CP violating scalar Dark Matter
Cordero-Cid, A.; Hernández-Sánchez, J; Keus, V.; King, S. F.; Moretti, S.; Rojas, D.; Sokołowska, D.
2016-01-01
We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar $SU(2)$ doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are \\textit{inert}, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the \\textit{inert} sector, where the lightest \\textit{inert} state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a $Z_2$ symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the \\textit{inert} sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due...
This paper discusses some of the variety of CP violating processes in B decays and emphasize the advantages provided by decays into CP self-conjugate hadronic final states as a means of studying CP violation. New experimental inputs on the quark mixing matrix, which help narrow the range of predictions for hadronic CP violating asymmetries, are reviewed and some of the theoretical uncertainties connected with these predictions are discussed. Finally a brief discussion of present plans for experimentally observing CP violating effects in B decays is given
Leptogenesis without CP Violation at Low Energies
Rebelo, M. N.
2002-01-01
In this letter we give a class of examples where the decays of the heavy Majorana neutrinos may violate CP even if there is no CP violation at low energies, i.e., leptogenesis can take place without Majorana or Dirac type CP phases at low energies.
CP-violation in the neutralino system
Kalinowski, J.
2003-01-01
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model provide new sources of CP violation. Here the CP properties of neutralinos are described and possible experimental signatures of CP--violation in the neutralino production processes at e+e- linear colliders are discussed.
Dynamical CP Violation in the Early Universe
Balaji, K R S; Brandenberger, Robert H; London, David; Brandenberger, Robert H.; London, David
2004-01-01
We show that the asymmetrical dynamical evolution of fields in the early Universe provides a new source for CP violation. This can lead to baryogenesis without any additional CP-violating interactions. The magnitude of this CP violation is time-dependent. In particular, it vanishes (or is very small) in the late Universe after the fields have relaxed (or are in their final approach) to their vacuum values. We provide an explicit example in which our mechanism is realized.
Gershon, T
2016-01-01
The phenomenon of CP violation is crucial to understand the asymmetry between matter and antimatter that exists in the Universe. Dramatic experimental progress has been made, in particular in measurements of the behaviour of particles containing the b quark, where CP violation effects are predicted by the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism that is embedded in the Standard Model. The status of these measurements and future prospects for an understanding of CP violation beyond the Standard Model are reviewed.
Higgs CP Violation from Vectorlike Quarks
Chen, Chien-Yi; Zhang, Yue
2015-01-01
We explore CP violating aspects in the Higgs sector of models where new vectorlike quarks carry Yukawa couplings mainly to the third generation quarks of the Standard Model. We point out that in the simplest model, Higgs CP violating interactions only exist in the hWW channel. At low energy, we find that rare B decays can place similarly strong constraints as those from electric dipole moments on the source of CP violation. These observations offer a new handle to discriminate from other Higgs CP violating scenarios such as scalar sector extensions of the Standard Model, and imply an interesting future interplay among limits from different experiments.
CP Violation in the scalar sector
Emmanuel-Costa, D; Osland, P; Rebelo, M N
2016-01-01
Models with an extended scalar sector may in principle provide new sources of CP violation originating in the scalar potential. One of the simplest ways to implement this idea is to have CP violation in a two-Higgs-doublet model. Here, it leads to CP violation in trilinear weak gauge boson couplings. We discuss how these couplings are becoming constrained in the alignment limit. In a model with three Higgs doublets, subject to an $S_3$ symmetry, several complex vacua are possible. Some of these, but not all, may lead to spontaneous CP violation.
Michael Gronau
2004-02-01
While the Kobayashi-Maskawa single phase origin of CP violation passed its first crucial precision test in $B→ J/ K_{S}$, the chirality of weak $b$-quark couplings has not yet been carefully tested. We discuss recent proposals for studying the chiral and CP-violating structures of these couplings in radiative and hadronic $B$ decays.
Where is the origin of CP violations
If experimentally b→c is more suppressed than b→u, the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation may not work. In the SU(2)xU(1)xS3 model, which gives all elements of the KM matrix naturally by the quark masses, this is the case and CP violations originate mainly from the Yukawa sector. (Auth.)
CP violation from a higher dimensional model
It is shown that Randall–Sundrum model has the EDM term which violates the CP-symmetry. The comparison with the case of Kaluza–Klein theory is done. The chiral property, localization, anomaly phenomena are examined. We evaluate the bulk quantum effect using the method of the induced effective action. This is a new origin of the CP-violation. (author)
CP violation in K and B decays
The author reviews basic aspects of the phenomenology of CP violation in the decays of K and B mesons. In particular he discusses the commonly used classification of CP violation--CP violation in the mass matrix, in the interference of mixing with decay, and in the decay amplitude itself--and the related notions of direct and indirect CP violation. These concepts are illustrated with explicit examples. The author also emphasizes the highlights of this field including the clean observables B(KL → π0ν anti ν) and ACP (B → J/ΨKS). The latter quantity serves to demonstrate the general features of large, mixing induced CP violation in B decays
Theory prospective on leptonic CP violation
Petcov, S. T.
2016-07-01
The phenomenology of 3-neutrino mixing, the current status of our knowledge about the 3-neutrino mixing parameters, including the absolute neutrino mass scale, and of the Dirac and Majorana CP violation in the lepton sector are reviewed. The problems of CP violation in neutrino oscillations and of determining the nature - Dirac or Majorana - of massive neutrinos are discussed. The seesaw mechanism of neutrino mass generation and the related leptogenesis scenario of generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe are considered. The results showing that the CP violation necessary for the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe in leptogenesis can be due exclusively to the Dirac and/or Majorana CP-violating phase(s) in the neutrino mixing matrix U are briefly reviewed. The discrete symmetry approach to understanding the observed pattern of neutrino mixing and the related predictions for the leptonic Dirac CP violation are also reviewed.
CP Violation in Vacuum Neutrino Oscillation Experiments
Gago, A M; Zukanovich-Funchal, R
2000-01-01
We discuss the use of the CP asymmetry parameter (Acp) as a possible observable of CP violation in the leptonic sector. In order to do this, we study for a wide range of values of L/E the behavior of this asymmetry for the corresponding maximal value of the CP violation factor allowed by all present experimental limits on neutrino oscillations in vacuum and the recent Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino result. We work in the three neutrino flavor framework.
Leptogenesis and Low energy CP violation, a link
Endoh, T; Kaneko, S; Kang, S K; Morozumi, T.; Tanimoto, M
2002-01-01
How is CP violation of low energy related to CP violation required from baryon number asymmetry ? We give an example which shows a direct link between CP violation of neutrino oscillation and baryogenesis through leptogenesis.
CP violation in charged B decays
CP violation in decay rates of, say, Bo → ψKs, important as they are, are primarily due to CP violation in the Bo bar Bo mass matrix. It is important to isolate CP violation that occurs in the decay process itself, since it provides independent checks on the mechanism of CP violation in nature. To this end, partial rate differences between B+ and B- would be particularly useful, since no mixing effects can occur, while complications such as effects of CP eigenstates in the final state would be absent as well. It is remarkable that CP violation can still arise, through interference effects between two amplitudes that have different CP-violating phases, as well as different final state interaction (FSI) phase shifts. In this paper, the author concentrates on the so-called penguin diagrams. Penguin diagrams provide both the ingredients for partial rate asymmetries. Being a loop diagram, it involves all three generations, each generation contributing with different KM elements. AT the same time, loop effects that involve real (on-shell) particle rescattering provide the necessary absorptive part (FSI phase). In what follows, the author reviews the subject of penguin-induced CP violation, with some emphasis on recent developments. Both inclusive and exclusive B± decays are discussed
Exploring CP Violation in the MSSM
Arbey, A; Godbole, R M; Mahmoudi, F
2015-01-01
We explore the prospects for observing CP violation in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with six CP-violating parameters, three gaugino mass phases and three phases in trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, using the CPsuperH code combined with a geometric approach to maximize CP-violating observables subject to the experimental upper bounds on electric dipole moments. We also implement CP-conserving constraints from Higgs physics, flavour physics and the upper limits on the cosmological dark matter density and spin-independent scattering. We study possible values of observables within the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), the non-universal Higgs model (NUHM), the CPX scenario and a variant of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM). We find values of the CP-violating asymmetry A_CP in b -> s gamma decay that may be as large as 3%, so future measurements of A_CP may provide independent information about CP violation in the MSSM. We find that CP-violating MSSM contributions to the...
CP violation versus flavour in supersymmetric theories
Abel, S.; Branco, G. C.; Khalil, S.
2003-09-01
We show that the quark flavour structure and CP violating phenomena are strongly correlated in supersymmetric theories. For a generic pattern of supersymmetry breaking the two broad categories of Yukawa couplings, democratic and hierarchical textures, have entirely different phenomenological implications. With hierarchical Yukawas, the rephasing invariant phase, arg(VusVcbVcb∗Vcs∗), in the CKM mixing matrix has to be of order unity, while the SUSY CP violating phases are severely constrained by electric dipole moments, giving rise to the so-called SUSY CP problem. With democratic Yukawas, all experimental CP results can be accommodated with small values for the CKM and SUSY CP violating phases (i.e., CP can be considered as an approximate symmetry at the high energy scale). We also show that within this scenario, an entirely real CKM matrix in supersymmetric models is still allowed by the present experimental results.
CP violation versus flavour in supersymmetric theories
Abel, S A; Khalil, S
2003-01-01
We show that the quark flavour structure and CP violating phenomena are strongly correlated in supersymmetric theories. For a generic pattern of supersymmetry breaking the two broad categories of Yukawa couplings, democratic and hierarchical textures, have entirely different phenomenological implications. With hierarchical Yukawas, the rephasing invariant phase, arg(V_us V_cb V_cb^* V_cs^*), in the CKM mixing matrix has to be of order unity, while the SUSY CP violating phases are severely constrained by electric dipole moments, giving rise to the so-called SUSY CP problem. With democratic Yukawas, all experimental CP results can be accommodated with small values for the CKM and SUSY CP violating phases (i.e., CP can be considered as an approximate symmetry at the high energy scale). We also show that within this scenario, an entirely real CKM matrix in supersymmetric models is still allowed by the present experimental results.
Dynamical CP violation in the early Universe
Following earlier ideas of Dolgov, we show that the asymmetrical dynamical evolution of fields in the early Universe provides a new source for CP violation. This can lead to baryogenesis without any additional CP-violating interactions. The magnitude of this CP violation is time-dependent. In particular, it vanishes (or is very small) in the late Universe after the fields have relaxed (or are in their final approach) to their vacuum values. We provide an explicit example in which our mechanism is realized
Exploring CP violation in the MSSM
We explore the prospects for observing CP violation in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with six CP-violating parameters, three gaugino mass phases and three phases in trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, using the CPsuperH code combined with a geometric approach to maximise CP-violating observables subject to the experimental upper bounds on electric dipole moments. We also implement CP-conserving constraints from Higgs physics, flavour physics and the upper limits on the cosmological dark matter density and spin-independent scattering. We study possible values of observables within the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), the non-universal Higgs model (NUHM), the CPX scenario and a variant of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM). We find values of the CP-violating asymmetry ACP in b → sγ decay that may be as large as 3 %, so future measurements of ACP may provide independent information about CP violation in the MSSM. We find that CP-violating MSSM contributions to the Bs meson mass mixing term ΔMBs are in general below the present upper limit, which is dominated by theoretical uncertainties. If these could be reduced, ΔMBs could also provide an interesting and complementary constraint on the six CP-violating MSSM phases, enabling them all to be determined experimentally, in principle. We also find that CP violation in the h2,3τ+ - and h2,3 anti tt couplings can be quite large, and so may offer interesting prospects for future pp, e+e-, μ+μ- and γγ colliders. (orig.)
CP violation in photon-photon collisions
Wudka, Jose
1994-01-01
The effective lagrangian parametrization is used to determine the CP violating effects in $ \\gamma \\gamma $ collisions. for the processes studied the effects are found to be very small, the one exception being scalar production.
MIXING AND CP VIOLATION IN D MESONS
Yaouanc, A. Le; Oliver, L.; Pène, O; Raynal, J. -C.
1995-01-01
We review mixing and CP violation in $D$ mesons, emphasizing the differences with the other pseudoscalar mesons in the Standard Model, and show that $D$ mesons can be useful to look for physics beyond the Standard Model.
Benson, Sean
2016-01-01
Latest LHCb measurements of $CP$ violation in b-hadrons are presented based on $pp$ collision data collected in 2011 and 2012 at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}=7$ $\\rm TeV$ and $8\\ \\rm TeV$ respectively. The total integrated luminosity collected is 3.0 fb$^{-1}$. Results include recent measurements of $CP$ violation in $B_d$ and $B_s$ mixing, along with those of quantifying the effects of $b\\to c\\bar{c} s$ loop pollution. Standard Model $CP$ violation tests in loop transitions are discussed with results consistent with expectations. New decays of b-baryons are presented and preliminary studies of $CP$ violation are performed.
Nonlocality and gravity-induced CP violation
Ahluwalia, D V
1998-01-01
We consider a space-time dependent relative phase between the right- and left-handed spinors and show that it results in a violation of locality in the presence of gravity once the demand of parity covariance is dropped. This violation of locality is such that it readily interprets itself as a gravity-induced CP violation, and at the same time confirms an earlier remark by Wigner that a representation space carries more information than a wave equation. This happens, as Kirchbach has noted, because while the dimensionality of an irreducible representation space does not depend upon the concrete realization of the symmetry generators, Noether currents (Dirac, versus Majorana, versus the CP violating construct presented here) do. The gravity-induced CP violation provides a dynamical reason on how a neutron star carrying its baryon and lepton numbers can collapse into a black hole and loose information on the latter characteristics.
Mixing and CP-violation in charm
Petrov, Alexey A.
2004-01-01
The motivation most often cited in searches for D0-anti-D0 mixing and CP-violation in charm system lies with the possibility of observing a signal from new physics which dominates that from the Standard Model. We review recent theoretical predictions and experimental constraints on D0-anti-D0 mixing parameters. We also discuss the current status of searches for CP-violation in charmed meson transitions, as well as some recent theoretical ideas.
CP violation in p bar p colliders
This paper presents a simple calculation to investigate the possibility of studying CP violation in the B-environment at present p bar p colliders. The authors' conclusion, based on the comparison of CDF, as an example of a standard detector, with a proposed bottom collider detector (BCD), is that observation of CP violation seems to be possible, though very hard, only with specifically designed detectors and with a high integrated luminosity
CP Violation in Hyperon Decays
Chang, Darwin; Chen, Chuan-Hung
1996-01-01
The CP properties in hyperon decays are briefly reviewed. We discuss the general phenomenology and define CP odd observables in hyperon decays. With these observables, we discuss the predictions of some models and their observational potential.
Spontaneous CP violation and neutral flavour conservation
The conditions for one-loop stability of neutral flavour conservation in SU(2)LxU(1) models with spontaneous CP violation are analysed. In addition to previously known cases there is an essentially unique two-generation model with two Higgs doublets where neutral flavour conservation is guaranteed to all orders by a non-standard CP symmetry. (orig.)
Recent theoretical developments in CP violation
Gronau, Michael
2001-01-01
We review recent suggestions for testing through B decays the flavor structure of CP violation in the Standard Model. Relative signs of CP asymmetries in U-spin related processes can by themselves test the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism in a crude manner. Ratios of charge-averaged decay rates and certain CP asymmetries may constrain tightly the weak phases $\\gamma=\\phi_3$ and $\\alpha=\\phi_2$.
CP violation in charm decays at CDF
Exploiting the full Run II data sample collected by the CDF trigger on displaced vertices, we present a search for CP violation in neutral D mesons decays to hadronic final states. We use the strong D∗+ → D0π+ (and c.c.) decay to identify the flavor of the charmed meson at production time and exploit CP conserving strong c¯c pair-production in p¯p collisions. The results are the world’s most precise measurements to date and confirm the presence of sizable CP-violating effects in the charm sector as recently observed by the LHCb collaboration.
CP violation in B meson decays
Noguchi, S.; Belle Group
2003-06-01
CP violation in neutral B meson decays has been observed confirming the prediction of the Kobayashi-Maskawa model where introduction of six quaks naturally induces CP violation in the weak interaction. The measurements of CP asymmetryc in B meson decays were made at the newly constructed Asymmetric B factories, which consist of high luminosity, ebergy-asymmetric e+e- colliders (KEKB and PEP-II) and detectors (Belle and BaBar). The results are in good agreement and are consistent with other experimental results within the framework of the Standard Model.
CP Violation in Single Top Quark Production
Geng, Weigang [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
2012-01-01
We present a search for CP violation in single top quark production with the DØ experiment at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. CP violation in the top electroweak interaction results in different single top quark production cross sections for top and antitop quarks. We perform the search in the single top quark final state using 5.4 fb^{-1} of data, in the s-channel, t-channel, and for both combined. At this time, we do not see an observable CP asymmetry.
Probing CP violation systematically in differential distributions
Durieux, Gauthier
2015-01-01
We revisit the topic of triple-product asymmetries which probe CP violation through differential distributions. We construct distributions with well-defined discrete symmetry properties and characterize the asymmetries formed upon them. It is stressed that the simplest asymmetries may not be optimal. We explore systematic generalizations having limited reliance on the process dynamics and phase-space parametrization. They exploit larger fractions of the information contained in differential distributions and may lead to increased sensitivities to CP violation. Our detailed treatment of the case of spinless four-body decays paves the way for further experimental studies.
Spontaneous CP symmetry violation in electroweak theories
The phenomenon of CP symmetry violation is reviewed with reference to the neutral kaon systems and its realization as manifest, or a spontaneous breaking in the context of electroweak gauge theories is discussed. It is shown that, as in the standard electroweak model, spontaneous CP violation can be achieved in the left-right symmetric and partially ununified models through extension of the Higgs sector and inclusion of an appropriate discrete symmetry. The experimental constraints on flavour changing neutral current in these models are also discussed. (author). 25 refs., 2 figs
CP - CPT - Violation in K0 - decays
Recent Measurements of the parameter ε'/ε in experiments at CERN and FNAL are reviewed. The measurement of the phases of η+- and η00 in these experiments give new upper limits on CPT - violation in the K → 2π decay amplitudes and in the mass difference between K0 and K-bar0. First data from CP - LEAR are presented with a short outline of the experiment. Prospects for the future of CP - violation experiments in K - decay are discussed. (author)
Direct CP violation in neutral kaon decays
Wojciech Wiślicki
2004-03-01
The final result of the NA48 experiment is presented and performed at the CERN SPS neutral kaon beams, on the direct CP violation parameter Re$('/)$, as measured from the decay rates of neutral kaons into two pions. The data collected in the years 1997-2001 yield the evidence for the direct CP violation with Re$('/)=(14.7± 2.2)× 10^{-4}$. Description of experimental method and systematics, comparison with the corresponding FNAL result and discussion of some implications for the theory are given.
Prospects for CP Violation studies at LHCb
Gligorov, Vladimir V
2010-01-01
LHCb is the dedicated $B$ physics experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, whose goals are to overconstrain the CKM matrix and search for New Physics in the flavour sector. This contribution describes LHCb's programme for CP violation measurements. LHCb is introduced in the context of the LHC, and the current knowledge of CP violation is discussed. Three key areas of LHCb's physics programme are looked at in more detail: measurements of the CKM angle $\\gamma$, measurements of the $B^0_s$ mixing phase $\\phi_s$, and searches for New Physics in $b \\rightarrow s\\overline{s}s$ decays. LHCb's potential to measure the CKM angles $\\alpha$ and $\\beta$ is also discussed.
The investigation of rare K decays calls for a unified treatment of short- and long-distance aspects as provided by chiral perturbation theory. For the standard model with three generations, the theoretical predictions for signals of CP violation in those decays are reviewed. With direct CP violation as the main target, special emphasis is given to the charge asymmetries in charged K decays and to the especially rare decays KL → π0ll-bar. Time dependent rate asymmetries in K0 decays and the longitudinal muon polarization in KL → μ+μ- are also discussed. 50 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab. (Author)
$CP$ violation effects in multibody $B$ decays
Dalseno, J
2014-01-01
$CP$ Violation is one of the necessary ingredients to produce the mat- ter anti-matter asymmetry we observe in the Universe today. The LHCb experiment is a general purpose forward-spectrometer located along the LHC proton-proton collider at CERN and is ideally suited for the in- vestigation of such phenomena. We present the latest results of 3-body charmless $B$ decays where large local $CP$ violating effects have been ob- served across various regions of the phase space. These results are discussed in the light of recent theoretical developments that attempt to understand the origin of the large asymmetries and their impact on future amplitude analyses.
In this lecture, I will give an overview of the current and planned B meson facilities and the motivation for building them. The emphasis will be on the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II accelerator and on the primary physics motivation for these facilities: charge-parity symmetry violation. (Author) 11 refs
CP violation and the development of cosmological baryon asymmetry
Senjanovic, G.
1980-01-01
A discussion of the origin of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe is presented in the context of the standard cosmological model. Except in the case of the minimal SU(5) theory, it is possible that grand unified theories predict the right order of magnitude for the ratio of baryon to photon number. The question of CP violation is addressed in detail and it is shown that, tied up with symmetry nonrestoration at high temperature, the soft CP violation does remain at T approx. = 10/sup 15/ GeV as to lead to the creation of baryon asymmetry in the very early universe.
CP violation and the development of cosmological baryon asymmetry
A discussion of the origin of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe is presented in the context of the standard cosmological model. Except in the case of the minimal SU(5) theory, it is possible that grand unified theories predict the right order of magnitude for the ratio of baryon to photon number. The question of CP violation is addressed in detail and it is shown that, tied up with symmetry nonrestoration at high temperature, the soft CP violation does remain at T approx. = 1015 GeV as to lead to the creation of baryon asymmetry in the very early universe
A CP-Violating Kinematic Structure
Ahluwalia, D V
2000-01-01
A CP violating kinematic structure is presented. The essential physical input is to question the textbook wisdom, ``Now when a particle is at rest, one cannot define its spin as either left- or right-handed, so phi_R(0) = phi_L(0),'' as found, e.g., in Lewis Ryder's Quantum Field Theory, and in many other books on the representations of the Lorentz group. It is suggested that this equality is true only up to a phase. The demand of C, P, and T covariances, separately, fixes this phase to be pm 1. If these conditions are relaxed, a natural CP-violating kinematic structure emerges. Having established a CP-violating kinematic structure, we then discuss how Planck scale physics necessarily invokes non-commutative space-time and that such changes in the structure of space-time will force upon us additional violations/deformations of the CPT structure of space-time, and a violation of the principle of equivalence via a violation of the Lorentz symmetries. The latter may carry significant consequences for understandi...
Charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
Gersabeck, Evelina Mihova
2015-01-01
LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. This sample is used to search for direct CP violation in the multibody prompt charm decays $D^0 -> \\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^0$. The search is employing an unbinned model independent method known as the energy test. Using the data collected by LHCb at centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, the world's best sensitivity to CP violation in this decay is achieved. The data are found to be consistent with the hypothesis of CP symmetry with a p-value of $(2.6 \\pm 0.5)\\%$. New measurements of indirect CP violation in muon tagged $D^0$ decays to two-body CP even final states are presented. The time dependent CP asymmetries in the decay rates of the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays $D^0->KK$ and $D^0->\\pi\\pi$ decays using the full LHCb run 1 data set are determined to be $A_{\\Gamma} (K^-K^+) = (-0.134 \\pm 0.077 ^{+0.026}_{-0.034})\\% ; A_{\\Gamma} (\\pi^-\\pi^+) = (-0.092 \\pm 0.145 ^{+0.025}_{-0.033})\\%$, and are compatible with the hypothesis of no indirect CPV and with ...
Probing CP violation with T2K, NO$\
Dutta, Debajyoti
2016-01-01
The presence of non-unitary neutrino mixing can affect the measurement of the three-neutrino leptonic Dirac CP phase and hamper efforts to probe CP violation due to degeneracies of the extra non-unitary CP phase with the standard CP phase. We study the effect of including non-unitarity on probing CP violation with the long-baseline experiments NO$\
Indirect CP Violation in the Bd-system
Bernabeu, J.; Banuls, M. C.
1998-01-01
Recently a rephasing invariant definition of the CP-mixing parameter for Indirect CP Violation has been introduced. This is made possible by the explicit use of the CP operator into the analysis. The problem is then that of the determination of the CP operator for a CP violating scenario. We discuss it and provide a definite solution.
After an introduction to the standard-model description of C P violation and a brief look at the present status of this phenomenon in the kaon system, a classification of non-leptonic B-decays is given and the formalism of B0d,s-B0d,s mixing is discussed. We then turn to the B-factory benchmark modes, C P violation in charged B decays, and the Bs-meson system. Finally, we focus both on B → πK decays, which play an important role to probe the CKM angle γ, and on the Bd → π+π-, Bs → K+K- system, which allows an interesting determination of β and γ. (orig.)
CP violating phenomena and theoretical results
An introduction to CP violating phenomena is given and the standard model and its most popular low energy extensions in this context are reviewed. The discussion comprises the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model, left-right symmetry, the standard model with more than one Higgs doublet and gauged horizontal symmetries. (Author)
Search for CP Violation of CLEO
The CLEO experiment has been at the forefront of B meson physics for the last two decades. Particularly in the last few years CLEO has produced extensive results on rare decays of B meson. These results are a critical first step in the understanding of CP violations in the B meson system and are sensitive tests of the existence of new physics
CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence
Fitch, V. L.
1972-03-23
Within the past few months two excellent summaries of the state of our knowledge of the weak interactions have been presented. Correspondingly, we will not attempt a comprehensive review but instead concentrate this discussion on the status of CP violation, the question of the neutral currents, and the weak equivalence principle.
Flavour physics and CP-violation
An introductory overview of the Standard Model description of flavour is presented. The main emphasis is put on present tests of the quark-mixing matrix structure and the phenomenological determination of its parameters. Special attention is given to the experimental evidence for CP-violation and its important role in our understanding of flavour dynamics. (author)
Measuring CP violation in 3- and 4-body decays
Jonas Rademacker
2013-01-01
Multibody charm decays have a rich phenomenology and potentially unique sensitivity to CP violation. In these proceedings we discuss recent results, challenges and prospects in searches for CP violation in three and four body charm decays.
Particle Width Effect on $CP$-Violating Asymmetries
Liu, Jiang
1992-01-01
$CP$-violating asymmetries calculated from the Breit-Wigner approximation for unstable particle propagators violate $CPT$. A formalism satisfying $CP$ invariance and unitarity is presented. Applications are given to $t$ decays. For the decay $t\\to b\
Measuring CP violation in 3- and 4-body decays
Rademacker, J
2014-01-01
Multibody charm decays have a rich phenomenology and potentially unique sensitivity to CP violation. In these proceedings we discuss recent results, challenges and prospects in searches for CP violation in three and four body charm decays.
Charm CP violation and mixing at Belle
We present charm CP violation and mixing measurements at Belle. They are the first observation of D0 − D-bar 0 mixing in e+e− collisions from D0 → K+π− decays, the most precise mixing and indirect CP violation parameters from D0 → K0Sπ+π− decays, and the timeintegrated CP asymmetries in D0 → π0π0 and D0 → K0Sπ0 decays. Our mixing measurement in D0 → K+π− decays excludes the no-mixing hypothesis at the 5.1 standard deviation level. The mixing parameters x = (0.56 ± 0.19+0.03+0.06−0.09−0.09)%, y = (0.30 ± 0.15+0.04+0.03−0.05−0.06)% and indirect CP violation parameters |q/p| = (0.90+0.16+0.05+0.06−0.15−0.04−0.05)%, arg(q/p) = (−6 ± 11 ± 3+3−4)° measured from D0 → K0Sπ+π− decays, and the time-integrated CP asymmetries AD0→π0π0CP = (−0.03 ± 0.64 ± 0.10)% and AD0→K0Sπ0CP = (−0.21 ± 0.16 ± 0.07)% are the most precisemeasurements to date. Our measurements here are consistent with predictions of the standard model
CP violation in the B mesons at hadron colliders
CP violation measurements are a good way to test the validity of the Standard Model where CP violation phenomena are described by the CKM mechanism. A selection of recent measurements of CP violating observables in the decays of beauty hadrons performed at the hadronic colliders is presented.
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
Geng, Chao-Qiang, E-mail: geng@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 400065, Chongqing (China); Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Huang, Da, E-mail: dahuang@phys.nthu.edu.tw; Tsai, Lu-Hsing, E-mail: lhtsai@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)
2015-11-26
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (M{sub ν}){sub ee}=0, and (ii) (M{sub ν}){sub ee}=(M{sub ν}){sub eμ}=0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators ℓ{sup -bar}{sub R}{sup c}γ{sup μ}L{sub L}(D{sub μ}Φ)Φ{sup 2} and ℓ{sup -bar}{sub R}{sup c}l{sub R}(D{sub μ}Φ){sup 2}Φ{sup 2}, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV≲m{sub 0}≲0.007 eV. Furthermore, for a given value of m{sub 0}, there are two solutions for the two Majorana phases α{sub 21} and α{sub 31}, whereas the Dirac phase δ is arbitrary. For (ii), the parameters of m{sub 0}, δ, α{sub 21}, and α{sub 31} can be completely determined. We calculate the CP-violating asymmetries in neutrino–antineutrino oscillations for both mass textures of (i) and (ii), which are closely related to the CP-violating Majorana phases.
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
Geng, Chao-Qiang [Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing (China); National Tsing Hua University, Department of Physics, Hsinchu (China); National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Physics Division, Hsinchu (China); Huang, Da; Tsai, Lu-Hsing [National Tsing Hua University, Department of Physics, Hsinchu (China)
2015-11-15
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (M{sub ν}){sub ee} = 0, and (ii) (M{sub ν}){sub ee} = (M{sub ν}){sub eμ} = 0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators anti l{sub R}{sup c}γ{sup μ}L{sub L}(D{sub μ}Φ)Φ{sup 2} and @ anti l{sub R}{sup c}l{sub R}(D{sub μ}Φ){sup 2}Φ{sup 2}, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (Mν)ee=0, and (ii) (Mν)ee=(Mν)eμ=0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators ℓ-barRcγμLL(DμΦ)Φ2 and ℓ-barRclR(DμΦ)2Φ2, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV≲m0≲0.007 eV. Furthermore, for a given value of m0, there are two solutions for the two Majorana phases α21 and α31, whereas the Dirac phase δ is arbitrary. For (ii), the parameters of m0, δ, α21, and α31 can be completely determined. We calculate the CP-violating asymmetries in neutrino–antineutrino oscillations for both mass textures of (i) and (ii), which are closely related to the CP-violating Majorana phases
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (Mν)ee = 0, and (ii) (Mν)ee = (Mν)eμ = 0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators anti lRcγμLL(DμΦ)Φ2 and @ anti lRclR(DμΦ)2Φ2, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV
CP Violation in Tau to K* Decays
Hodgkinson, Mark; /Manchester U.
2006-03-10
A sample of {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} K*{sup {+-}} decays with K*{sup {+-}} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}} and K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, using 123.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is used to search for a direct CP violation effect in the charged Higgs sector. No evidence of CP violation is found and the imaginary part of the charged Higgs coupling, {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}), in the Multi-Higgs-Doublet-Model is found to be at -0.284 < {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}) < 0.200 at 90% Confidence Level. In addition the installation of the kk2f Monte Carlo generator into the BaBar software framework is described.
Signals for CP Violation in Split Supersymmetry
Deshpande, N.G.; Jiang, J.
2005-01-01
Split supersymmetry is characterized by relatively light chargino and neutralino sector and very heavy sfermion sector. We study the consequence of CP violation in this scenario by evaluating two-loop contributions to electric dipole moments of fermions from Higgs-photon as well as $W$-$W$ diagrams. These contributions add coherently and produce electron and neutron electric dipole moments close to present bounds. We then explore Higgs production at a photon-photon collider, and consider the ...
CP Violation in B -> pi K Decays
Imbeault, Maxime
2004-01-01
I briefly review CP violation in the B system, concentrating on B -> pi K decays. I discuss how to deal with electroweak-penguin contributions to these decays using flavour SU(3). With these, I show that the entire unitarity triangle can be extracted from measurements of B -> pi K decays. Finally, I examine the signals for new physics in these decays and the possibilities for measuring them.
The CP violating (CPV) kaonic matrix elements ε', ImA0, and ImA2, are used to compute CPV observables in baryonic systems. The numerical results for the electric dipole moment and the difference between Λ and Λ- decay parameters are similar to other approaches that use quark operators. Relations between the neutron electric dipole moment, CPV pion-nucleon coupling constants, and Λ decay parameters are derived
CP-violation in Compton scattering
Gorchtein, Mikhail
2008-01-01
I consider Compton scattering off the nucleon in the presence of $CP$ violation. I construct the Compton tensor which possesses these features and consider low energy expansion (LEX) of the corresponding amplitudes. It allows to separate out the Born contribution which only depends on the static properties of the nucleon, such as the electric charge, the mass, the magnetic moment, and the electric dipole moment (EDM). I introduce new structure constants, the $T$-odd nucleon polarizabilities w...
Charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
The LHCb experiment has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb−1 recorded in 2011 and 2012, measurements of direct and indirect CP violation in the charm sector and of D0 mixing parameters were performed. Results from several decay modes are presented with complementary time-dependent and time-integrated analyses
Flavor mixing democracy and minimal CP violation
Gerard, Jean-Marc; Xing, Zhi-zhong
2012-06-01
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle θC≃13° with the CP-violating phase ϕq around 1°, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around π/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase ϕl is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the ϕl→0 limit and predicts sin θ13=1/√{2}sin(ϕl/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation Jl=(sin ϕl)/12 can reach a few percent if θ13 lies in the range 7°⩽θ13⩽10°.
Flavor Mixing Democracy and Minimal CP Violation
Gerard, Jean-Marc
2012-01-01
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle \\theta_C \\simeq 13^\\circ with the CP-violating phase \\phi_q around 1^\\circ, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around \\pi/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase \\phi_l is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the \\phi_l \\to 0 limit and predicts \\sin\\theta_13 = 1/\\sqrt{2} \\sin (\\phi_l/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation J_l = (\\sin\\phi_l)/12 can reach a few percent if \\theta_13 lies in the range 7^\\circ \\leq \\theta_13 \\leq 10^\\circ.
Flavor mixing democracy and minimal CP violation
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle θC≃13° with the CP-violating phase φq around 1°, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around π/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase φl is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the φl→0 limit and predicts sinθ13=1/√(2)sin(φl/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation Jl=(sinφl)/12 can reach a few percent if θ13 lies in the range 7°⩽θ13⩽10°.
Charm mixing and $CP$ violation at LHCb
Pearce, Alex
2016-01-01
LHCb collected the world's largest sample of open charm decays during Run 1 of the Large Hadron Collider. This has permitted many precision measurements of charm mixing and $CP$ violation parameters, the most precise of which being $\\Delta A_{CP}$, a measurement of the relative strength of direct, time-integrated $CP$ asymmetries between two singly-Cabibbo suppressed $D^{0}$ decays. This measurement has recently been updated using promptly-produced $D^{0}$ mesons with the full Run 1 dataset, and has a precision below the per mille level. In addition, LHCb has recently made the first observation of $D^{0}$ mixing in a multi-body $D^{0}$ decay, also measuring associated coherence parameters which can be used as input to measurements of the CKM angle $\\gamma$. LHCb has also measured the mixing parameters $x$ and $y$ with a model-independent analysis of $D^{0} \\to K_{S}^{0}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decays, and the size of direct $CP$ violation in $D^{0} \\to K_{S}^{0}K_{S}^{0}$ decays. These four analyses will be presen...
Search for CP violation in hyperon decays.
Zyla, Piotr; Chan, A.; Chen, Y.C.; Ho, C.; Teng, P.K.; Choong, W.S.; Gidal, G.; Fu, Y.; Gu, P.; Jones, T.D.; Luk, K.B.; Turko, B.; James, C.; Volk, J.; Felix, J.; Burnstein, R.A.; Chakrovorty, A.; Kaplan, D.M.; Lederman, L.M.; Luebke, W.; Rajaram, D.; Rubin, H.A.; Solomey, N.; Torun, Y.; White, C.G.; White, S.L.; Leros, N.; Perroud, J.P.; Gustafson, H.R.; Longo, M.J.; Lopez, F.; Park H.K.; Clark, K.; Jenkins, M.; Dukes, E.C.; Durandet, C.; Holmstrom, T.; Huang, M.; Lu, L.; Nelson, K.S.
2002-10-25
Direct CP violation in nonleptonic hyperon decays can be established by comparing the decays of hyperons and anti-hyperons. For {Xi} decay to {Lambda} {pi} followed by {Lambda} to p{pi}, the proton distribution in the rest frame of Lambda is governed by the product of the decay parameters {alpha}{sub {Xi}} {alpha}{sub {Lambda}}. The asymmetry A{sub {Xi}{Lambda}}, proportional to the difference of {alpha}{sub {Xi}}{alpha}{sub {Lambda}} of the hyperon and anti-hyperon decays, vanishes if CP is conserved. We report on an analysis of a fraction of 1997 and 1999 data collected by the Hyper CP (E871) collaboration during the fixed-target runs at Fermilab. The preliminary measurement of the asymmetry is {Alpha}{sub {Xi}{Lambda}} = [-7 {+-} 12(stat) {+-} 6.2(sys)] x 10{sup -4}, an order of magnitude better than the present limit.
Rephasing-invariant CP violating parameters with Majorana neutrinos
We analyze the dependence of the squared amplitudes on the rephasing-invariant CP-violating parameters of the lepton sector, involving Majorana neutrinos, for various lepton- conserving and lepton-violating processes. We analyze the conditions under which the CP-violating effects in such processes vanish, in terms of the minimal set of rephasing invariants, giving special attention to the dependence on the extra CP-violating parameters that are due to the Majorana nature of the neutrinos. (author)
Radiative violation of CP-symmetry
The left-right quiral symmetry is not conserved by the Standard model. A subgroup of the standard gauge group (SU(2)L) breaks this symmetry in a explicit way. Moreover, the standard model, if there are theree or more matter generations, violates the CP discrete symmetry. This prediction has been experimentally demonstrated correct in the Kaon anti Kaon system. In this work some possible explanations to the CP violation parameter magnitude are researched. We have studied the variation of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix with the energy scale. To realize this work we have developed a general method to calculate the renormalization group equations of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix parameters. From these equations we could also calculate the renormalization group equation of the J parameter that characterizes the CP violation. This calculus has been applied in a concrete example: a typical supersymmetric model from superstring theories. This model can be seen like a natural extension of the supersymmetric standard model. This kind of models have a gauge group bigger that the standard one more particles and new terms of the Lagrangian. We have verified that such model provides us of a correct low energy fenomenology and, moreover other results, some particle spectrums have been developed. In the elaboration of this model some conditions, that the model has to respected to be compatible with the actual fenomenology, have been studied. The most interesting results of this thesis are the develop of a general method to calculate the renormalization group equations of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix parameters and the develop of a new mechanism of the radiative violation. This mechanism is related with the new terms of the Lagrangian. (Author)
CP violation in the cubic coupling of neutral gauge bosons
Chang, D; Pal, P B; Darwin Chang; Wai-Yee Keung; Palash Pal
1995-01-01
ABSTRACT: We investigate the CP violating form factor of the ZZZ and ZZ\\gamma vertices in the pair production of Z^0 bosons. Useful observables in azimuthal distributions are constructed to probe CP nonconservation which may originate from these vertices. A simple Two Higgs Model of CP violation is used as an illustration.
CP-violation in Compton scattering
Gorchtein, Mikhail
2008-01-01
I consider Compton scattering off the nucleon in the presence of $CP$ violation. I construct the Compton tensor which possesses these features and consider low energy expansion (LEX) of the corresponding amplitudes. It allows to separate out the Born contribution which only depends on the static properties of the nucleon, such as the electric charge, the mass, the magnetic moment, and the electric dipole moment (EDM). I introduce new structure constants, the $T$-odd nucleon polarizabilities which parametrize the unknown non-Born part. These constants describe the response of the $T$-violating content of the nucleon to the external quasistatic electromagnetic field. As an estimate, I provide a HBChPT calculation for these new polarizabilities and discuss the implications for the experiment.
Recent Tevatron Results on CP-Violation
Garbincius, Peter H. [Fermilab
2014-08-27
Using their full Tevatron Run II data sets, the CDF and D0 Experiments present measurements of CP -violating asymmetries in the charmless decays of bottom baryons Λ0 → pπ-, Λ0 → pK-, and also for B0 → K-π+, B0 → K+π-, b b s Ds → φπ± , and for single muons and like-sign dimuons in pp collisions. Except for the like-sign dimuon asymmetry, these asymmetry measurements are consistent with available predictions of the standard model.
Recent Tevatron Results on CP-Violation
Garbincius, Peter H. [Fermilab
2014-08-25
Using their full Tevatron Run II data sets, the CDF and D0 Experiments present measurements of CP-violating asymmetries in the charmless decay of bottom baryons Lambda-b => p pi-, Lambda-b => p K-, and also for Bs0 => K- pi+, B0 => K+ pi-, Ds => phi pi, and for single muons and like-sign dimuons in p-pbar collisions. Except for the like-sign dimuon asymmetry, these asymmetry measurements are consistent with available predictions of the standard model.
CP violating Tri-bimaximal-Cabibbo mixing
Ahluwalia, D V
2012-01-01
In view of the new data from the Daya Bay and RENO collaborations, King has presented a very natural deformation of tri-bimaximal mixing. Here we show that L/E flatness of the e-like event ratio in the atmospheric neutrino data, when coupled with King's observation that the smallest neutrino mixing angle, \\theta_{13}, seems to be related to the largest quark mixing angle (the Cabibbo angle \\theta_C), leads to a CP violating tri-bimaximal-Cabibbo mixing. King's tri-bimaximal-Cabibbo mixing follows as a leading order approximation from our result.
B mixing and CP violation at CDF
The mixing of the neutral B mesons and the violation of CP symmetry in the B sector can be investigated at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. The most severe challenge that these measurements pose is tagging the flavor of a B meson at production. Here we present in detail the method of same side tagging (SST), which is used to obtain new measurement of the B0 mass difference Δmd = 0.446 ± 0.057(stat) + 0. 034 - 0.031(syst) ps-1. The significance of SST and other tagging methods for physics during Run II of the Tevatron is discussed
The CKM matrix and CP violation
The CKM picture of the quark sector is reviewed. The author explains how the phenomena of quark mixing, CP violation and the absence of flavor changing neutral currents arise in the Standard Model. He describes the determination of the CKM elements from direct measurements, from unitarity and from indirect measurements. He discusses the motivation for schemes of quark mass matrices and analyzes the Fritzsch scheme as an example. Finally, he lists the experimental and theoretical improvements expected in the future in the determination of the CKM matrix. 86 refs., 6 figs
The Discovery of Direct CP Violation
Iconomidou-Fayard, L
2015-01-01
Soon after the discovery in 1964 of the non-conservation of CP symmetry in the neutral kaon system, the hunt was launched for a component arising from direct violation on top of the dominant effect due to mixing. It took almost 20 years until the first evidence of a signal was reported by NA31 and another 10 years to establish the effect with a significance of more than 5 standard deviations. This article describes the beams, detectors and analysis methods used by the two CERN experiments, NA31 and NA48, which made key contributions to these results and established new standards for precision measurements.
CP violation in the K and B systems
Kayser, B. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)][National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA (United States)
1996-11-01
Although CP violation was discovered more than thirty years ago, its origin is still unknown. In these lectures, we describe the CP- violating effects which have been seen in K decays, and explain how CP violation can be caused by the Standard Model weak interaction. The hypothesis that this interaction is indeed the origin of CP violation will be incisively tested by future experiments on B and K decays. We explain what quantities these experiments will try to determine, and how they will be able to determine them in a theoretically clean way. To clarify the physics of the K system, we give a phase-convention-free description of CP violation in this system. We conclude by briefly exploring whether electric dipole moments actually violate CP even if CPT invariance is not assumed.
Neutrinos as a probe of CP-violation and leptogenesis
Silvia Pascoli
2006-10-01
Establishing CP-violation in the lepton sector is one of the most challenging future tasks in neutrino physics. The lepton mixing matrix contains one Dirac phase and, if neutrinos are Majorana particles, two additional CP-violating phases. I will review the main theoretical aspects of CP-violation in the lepton sector. Then, I will present the strategies for determining the Dirac and the Majorana CP-violating phases in long-baseline and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, respectively. Leptonic CP-violation has received recently a lot of attention as it might be at the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Within the context of the see-saw mechanism, I will discuss the possible connection between the CP-violating phases measurable at low energy with the ones entering in leptogenesis.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
S.F. King
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM Constraints and Phenomenology
King, S F; Nevzorov, R; Walz, K
2015-01-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
King, S. F.; Mühlleitner, M.; Nevzorov, R.; Walz, K.
2015-12-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Search for CP-violation in Positronium Decay
Yamazaki, T; Asai, S; Kobayashi, T
2009-01-01
CP-violation in the quark sector has been well established over the last decade, but has not been observed in the lepton sector. We search for CP-violating decay processes in positronium, using the angular correlation of (\\vec{S}\\cdot\\vec{k_{1}})(\\vec{S}\\cdot\\vec{k_{1}}\\times\\vec{k_{2}}), where \\vec{S} is the the positronium spin and \\vec{k_{1}}, \\vec{k_{2}} are the directions of the positronium decay photons. To a sensitivity of 2.2\\times10^{-3}, no CP-violation has been found, which is at the level of the CP-violation amplitude in the K meson. A 90% confidence interval of the CP-violation parameter (C_{CP}) was determined to be -0.0023 < C_{CP} < 0.0049. This result is a factor 7 more strict than that of the previous experiment.
CP Violation in B Meson Decays: Experimental Results
Lanceri, Livio; /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste
2005-08-30
CP violation is intimately connected with the puzzle of matter-antimatter asymmetry and baryogenesis. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the observed CP violation phenomena are accounted for by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism involving a phase in the quark mixing matrix. This paper is devoted to a review of the experimental status of CP violation in the decays of B mesons.
Studies of charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
Göbel Carla
2014-01-01
Recent results on mixing and CP violation in charm decays are presented, based on an integrated luminosity of 1 fb 1 from pp -collision data taken at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the LHCb detector. The hypothesis of no mixing in the D 0 ̄ D 0 system is excluded with a significance of 9 : 1 s . Direct CP violation searches are reported in different modes. No indication of CP violation in charm is found.
The most recent results obtained by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC on CP-violating asymmetries and branching fractions for neutral and charged B decays are presented here. The analysis was performed on a data sample of ∼ 88 million Υ(4S) → B(bar B) decays collected between 1999 and 2002. Using b → c(bar c)s decays, we measure sin2β = 0.741 ± 0.067(stat) ± 0.034(syst). We also present sin2β measurements from, b → s(bar s)s and b → c(bar c)d processes. From neutral B meson decays to two-body final states of charged pions and kaons, we derive for the CP violating parameters, Sππ = 0.02 ± 0.34 ± 0.05 [-0.54, +0.58] and Cππ = -0.30 ± 0.25 ± 0.04 [-0.72, +0.12]. First results for B → π+π-π0 and K±π±π0 final states dominated by the ρ± resonance, are also presented
Dark and Visible Photons as Source of CP Violation
Gamboa, J
2015-01-01
The problem of excess gamma radiation in the center of galaxy is discussed assuming that the photon's production is dominated by two kinds of processes, the first one due to the conventional kinetic mixing term and, secondly, due to a kinetic mixing term violating the CP symmetry between dark and visible photons. The CP violation symmetry between dark and visible sectors is not forbidden and, in principle, could be considered as an additional source of CP violation. The conversion probability between dark and visible photons is calculated and compared between both processes. The processes violating CP are less significant but contribute non-trivially to the excess gamma radiation.
CP violation in B decays to spinning particles
When B-mesons decay to particles with spin, or to multibody final states, CP-violating effects that involve spins or momenta become possible. These effects could provide new insights into the physics underlying CP violation. In addition, in neutral B decays there are CP-violating signals whose study requires spin or angular distribution information, but that could, in effect, be added to the CP-violating signals coming from partial-width asymmetries. One might then be able to obtain a statistically significant measure of CP violation with fewer B-mesons than would otherwise be needed. This paper discusses CP-violating effects that involve outgoing particle spins or momenta, but do not involve the special features of neutral B decay that arise from Bo-bar Bo mixing. The authors review neutral B decay as a test of CP violation in the standard Model, and then show how measurements of angular distributions would enable one to extract additional CP-violating signals that could contribute to the test. The authors also review the intriguing quantum mechanics of CP violation in the decay of correlated B-mesons produced in Υ(4s) decays
Searches for New Physics in CP Violation from BABAR
Results of recent searches for new physics in CP violation in charm decays from the BABAR experiment are presented. These results include a measurement of D0 - anti D0 mixing and searches for CP violation in two-body D0 decays, a search for CP violation in the charm decays D± → KS0K± and DS± → KS0K± , KS0π± , and a search for direct CP violation in the singly-Cabibbo suppressed D± → K+K-π±decays. These studies are based on the final dataset collected by BABAR at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC in the period 1999-2008. No evidence of CP violation is found in these charm decays. The measured mixing parameter yCP = [0.72 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.12(syst)]% excludes the no-mixing null hypothesis with a significance of 3.3σ.
Direct CP violation in hadronic B decays
HONG; Bihai
2006-01-01
[1]Aubert B,Barate R,Boutigny D,et al.Direct CP violating asymmetry in B0 → K+π-decays.Phys Rev Lett,2004,93,131801[2]Abe K,Adachi I,Aihara H,et al.Observation of large CP violation and evidence for direct CP violation in B0 → K+π-decays.Phys Rev Lett,2004,93:021601[3]Bauer M,Stech B,Wirbel M.Exclusive semileptonic decays of heavy mesons.Z Phys C,1985,29:637-642[4]Bauer M,Stech B,Wirbel M.Exclusive nonleptonic decays of D,DS,and B mesons.Z Phys C,1987,34:103-115[5]Ali A,Kramer G,Lu C D.Experimental tests of factorization in charmless non-leptonic two-body B decays.Phys Rev D,1998,58:094009[6]Lu C D.Charmless non-leptonic two-body B decays in factorization approach.Nucl Phys Proc Supp,1999,74:227-230[7]Cheng H Y.Nonfactorizable contributions to nonleptonic weak decays of heavy mesons.Phys Lett B,1994,335:428-435[8]Cheng H Y Z.Hadronic weak decays of heavy mesons and nonfactorization.Phys Lett C,1996,69:647-654[9]Beneke M,Buchalla G,Neubert M,Sachrajda C T.QCD factorization for B0 → K+π-decays:Strong phases and CP violation in the heavy quark limit.Phys Rev Lett,1999,83:1914-1917[10]Beneke M,Buchalla G,Neubert M,Sachrajda C T.QCD factorization for exclusive,nonleptonic B meson decays:General arguments and the case of heavy light final states.Nucl Phys B,2000,591:313-418[11]Lapage G P,Brodsky S J.Exclusive processes in quantum chromodynamics:evolution equations for hadronic wave functions and the form-factors of mesons.Phys Lett B,1979,87:359-365[12]Lapage G P,Brodsky S J.Exclusive processes in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.Phys Rev D,1980,22:2157-2198[13]Huang C S.Phys Energ Fortis Et Phys Nucl,1980,4:761[14]Cao F G,Dai Y B,Huang C S.Twist-three contribution to the pion electromagnetic form-factor.Eur Phys J C,1999,11:501-506[15]Botts J,Sterman G,Hard elastic scattering in QCD:Leading behavior.Nucl Phys B,1989,325:62-100[16]Li H N,Sterman G.The perturbative pion form-factor with Sudakov suppression.Nucl Phys B,1992,381:129-140[17]Li H N,Yu H L
CP Violation in Kaon Decays (II)
Yamanaka, Taku
2014-01-01
Major progress has been made in kaon physics in the past 50 years. The number of KL->pi+pi- events has increased by 6 orders of magnitude, and the observed CP violation was experimentally proven to be caused by a complex phase in the CKM matrix. Recent kaon experiments are now searching for new physics beyond the standard model with the K->pi nu nu-bar decays. The branching ratio of K->pi nu nu-bar decays are 7-8 orders of magnitude smaller than the branching ratio of KL->pi+ pi-. This paper reviews the progress of kaon experiments in the US and Japan, and how the 6-7 orders of magnitude improvements were possible in the past 50 years.
Effect of CP-violation on the sphaleron rate
B.J. Nauta
2000-01-01
We calculate the effect of two CP-violating (dimension-eight) operators of the SU(2)-Higgs model on the motion along a particular path from the vacuum to the sphaleron. It turns out that CP-violation may introduce a difference between the sphaleron rate towards larger Chern-Simons number and the rat
Proceedings of the Workshop on CP Violation at KAON Factory
These proceedings contain the written version of eight talks delivered at the Workshop on CP Violation at KAON Factory. The articles contain reviews on the exploration of CP violation effects associated with the s-quark. Discussion on the use of intense kaon fluxes, which will be available at the proposed KAON Factory, are included
CP violation: the past, the present and the future
A I Sanda
2000-07-01
We have just entered a period during which we expect considerable progress toward understanding CP violation. Here we review what we have learnt so far, and what is to be expected in the near future. To do this we cover the foundation of CP violation at a level which can be understood by physicists who are not working in this ﬁeld.
CP violation in the radiative dileptonic B-meson decays
Erkol, G; Turan, G
2002-01-01
We investigate the CP violating asymmetry, the forward-backward asymmetry and the CP violating asymmetry in the forward-backward asymmetry for the radiative dileptonic B-meson decays B-d --> gammal(+)l(-) for the f = e, mu, tau channels. It is observed that these asymmetries are quite sizable and B-
Computing the temperature dependence of effective CP violation in the standard model
Brauner, Tomas; Taanila, Olli; Tranberg, Anders; Vuorinen, Aleksi
2012-01-01
CP violation in the standard model originates from the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix. Upon integrating all fermions out of the theory, its effects are captured by a series of effective nonrenormalizable operators for the bosonic gauge and Higgs fields. We compute the CP-violating part of...... the effective action to the leading nontrivial, sixth order in the covariant gradient expansion as a function of temperature. In the limit of zero temperature, our result addresses the discrepancy between two independent calculations existing in the literature [1, 2]. We find that CP violation in the...
CP violation and B0-(B0)-bar mixing
The status of CP violation and B0-(B0)-bar mixing is given and the subsequent constraints in the framework of the Standard Model are discussed. Recent result on CP violation in the kaon system and related topics are reviewed, including the status of T violation and the tests of the CPT symmetry. The results on B0-(B0)-bar mixing are presented followed by the studies on Bd0-(Bd0)-bar and Bs0-(Bs0)-bar oscillations. Finally, the prospects of progress on understanding CP violation are discussed in framework of the new projects expected to produce results at the turn of the century. (author)
CP violation in hadronic τ decays
We consider CP-violating effects in τ→3πντ and 4πντ(ΔS=0), and τ→Kππντ(ΔS=1), assuming that the usual Standard Model amplitudes for these processes interfere with analogous amplitudes mediated by a charged Higgs boson. In the ΔS=0 case we focus specifically on the intermediate resonant processes τ→Vπντ (with V=ω,ρ, and a1), and consider three CP-odd observables – the partial rate asymmetry, a polarization-dependent asymmetry and a triple-product asymmetry. In the ΔS=1 case we examine the partial rate asymmetry, two “modified” rate asymmetries, and a triple-product asymmetry. The partial rate asymmetry is expected to be small for both the ΔS=0 and ΔS=1 cases. Evaluation of the other asymmetries indicates that they could potentially be measurable
Complementarity of LHC and EDMs for Exploring Higgs CP Violation
Chen, Chien-Yi; Zhang, Yue
2015-01-01
We analyze the constraints on a CP-violating, flavor conserving, two Higgs doublet model from the measurements of Higgs properties and from the search for heavy Higgs bosons at LHC, and show that the stronger limits typically come from the heavy Higgs search channels. The limits on CP violation arising from the Higgs sector measurements are complementary to those from EDM measurements. Combining all current constraints from low energy to colliders, we set generic upper bounds on the CP violating angle which parametrizes the CP odd component in the 126 GeV Higgs boson.
Implications of maximal Jarlskog invariant and maximal CP violation
We argue here why CP violating phase Φ in the quark mixing matrix is maximal, that is, Φ=90 . In the Standard Model CP violation is related to the Jarlskog invariant J, which can be obtained from non commuting Hermitian mass matrices. In this article we derive the conditions to have Hermitian mass matrices which give maximal Jarlskog invariant J and maximal CP violating phase Φ. We find that all squared moduli of the quark mixing elements have a singular point when the CP violation phase Φ takes the value Φ=90 . This special feature of the Jarlskog invariant J and the quark mixing matrix is a clear and precise indication that CP violating Phase Φ is maximal in order to let nature treat democratically all of the quark mixing matrix moduli. (orig.)
Implications of maximal Jarlskog invariant and maximal CP violation
Rodriguez-Jauregui, E. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Cuernavaca (Mexico). Inst. de Fisica
2001-04-01
We argue here why CP violating phase {phi} in the quark mixing matrix is maximal, that is, {phi}=90 . In the Standard Model CP violation is related to the Jarlskog invariant J, which can be obtained from non commuting Hermitian mass matrices. In this article we derive the conditions to have Hermitian mass matrices which give maximal Jarlskog invariant J and maximal CP violating phase {phi}. We find that all squared moduli of the quark mixing elements have a singular point when the CP violation phase {phi} takes the value {phi}=90 . This special feature of the Jarlskog invariant J and the quark mixing matrix is a clear and precise indication that CP violating Phase {phi} is maximal in order to let nature treat democratically all of the quark mixing matrix moduli. (orig.)
Implications of maximal Jarlskog invariant and maximal CP violation
Rodríguez-Jáuregui, E
2001-01-01
We argue here why CP violating phase Phi in the quark mixing matrix is maximal, that is, Phi=90 degrees. In the Standard Model CP violation is related to the Jarlskog invariant J, which can be obtained from non commuting Hermitian mass matrices. In this article we derive the conditions to have Hermitian mass matrices which give maximal Jarlskog invariant J and maximal CP violating phase Phi. We find that all squared moduli of the quark mixing elements have a singular point when the CP violation phase Phi takes the value Phi=90 degrees. This special feature of the Jarlskog invariant J and the quark mixing matrix is a clear and precise indication that CP violating Phase Phi is maximal in order to let nature treat democratically all of the quark mixing matrix moduli.
Phenomenology of CP violation in a flavor blind MSSM
We present an analysis of CP violating effects in a supersymmetric scenario, where the CKM matrix remains the only source of flavor violation but new CP violating phases are introduced in the soft sector. Such a scenario can be probed not only through flavor conserving observables like EDMs, but also through several flavor changing and CP violating processes, like the CP asymmetries in b→sγ and B→φKS. We find strong correlations among these observables. In particular, the desire to reproduce the measured non-standard value of the CP asymmetry in B→φKS unambiguously implies large effects in the CP asymmetry of b→sγ as well as lower bounds of the EDMs of the electron and the neutron
Unity of CP and T Violation in Neutrino Oscillations
Blom, Martin; Blom, Martin; Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
In a previous work a simultaneous P- CP[P] and P- T[P] bi-probability plot was proposed as a useful tool for unified graphical description of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillation. The ``baseball diamond'' structure of the plot is understood as a consequence of the approximate CP-CP and the T-CP relations obeyed by the oscillation probabilities. In this paper, we make a step forward toward deeper understanding of the unified graphical representation by showing that these two relations are identical in its content, suggesting a truly unifying view of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations. We suspect that the unity reflects the underlying CPT theorem. We also present calculation of corrections to the CP-CP and the T-CP relations to leading order in Delta m^2_{21} / Delta m^2_{31} and s^2_{13}.
Classical Illustrations of CP Violation in Kaon Decays
Rosner, Jonathan L; Rosner, Jonathan L.; Slezak, Scott A.
2001-01-01
It is easy to construct classical 2-state systems illustrating the behavior of the short-lived and long-lived neutral $K$ mesons in the limit of CP conservation. The emulation of CP violation is more tricky, but is provided by the two-dimensional motion of a Foucault pendulum. Analogies are drawn between the pendulum and observables in neutral kaon decays. An emulation of CP- and CPT-violation using electric circuits is also discussed.
First Search for CP Violation in Tau Lepton Decay
We have performed the first search for CP violation in tau lepton decay. CP violation in lepton decay does not occur in the minimal standard model but can occur in extensions such as the multi-Higgs doublet model. It appears as a characteristic difference between the τ- and τ+ decay angular distributions for the semileptonic decay modes such as τ-→K0π-ν . We define an observable asymmetry to exploit this and find no evidence for any CP violation. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
CP Violation in Fermion Pair Decays of Neutral Boson Particles
He, X G; McKellar, B; He, Xiao-Gang
1994-01-01
We study CP violation in fermion pair decays of neutral boson particles with spin 0 or 1. We study a new asymmetry to measure CP violation in $\\eta, K_L \\rightarrow \\mu^+\\mu^-$ decays and discuss the possibility of measuring it experimentally. For the spin-1 particles case, we study CP violation in the decays of $J/\\psi$ to $SU(3)$ octet baryon pairs. We show that these decays can be used to put stringent constraints on the electric dipole moments of $\\Lambda$, $\\Sigma$ and $\\Xi$.
The MOMENT to search for CP violation
Blennow, Mattias [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Coloma, Pilar [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Fernández-Martinez, Enrique [Autonomous Univ. of Madrid and Inst. of Theoretical Physics (Spain)
2015-11-09
In this letter, we analyze for the first time the physics reach in terms of sensitivity to leptonic CP violation of the proposed MuOn-decay MEdium baseline NeuTrino beam (MOMENT) experiment, a novel neutrino oscillation facility that would operate with neutrinos from muon decay. Apart from obtaining a sufficiently intense flux, the bottlenecks to the physics reach of this experiment will be achieving a high enough suppression of the atmospheric background and, particularly, attaining a sufficient level of charge identification. We thus present our results as a function of these two factors. We consider a very massive Gd-doped Water Cherenkov detector. We also find that MOMENT will be competitive with other currently planned future oscillation experiments if a charge identification of at least 80 % can be achieved at the same time that the atmospheric background can be suppressed by at least a factor of ten. We also find a large synergy of MOMENT with the current generation of neutrino oscillation experiments, T2K and NOvA, which significantly enhances its final sensitivity.
The MOMENT to search for CP violation
Blennow, Mattias; Fernández-Martinez, Enrique
2015-01-01
In this letter, we analyze for the first time the physics reach in terms of sensitivity to leptonic CP violation of the proposed MuOn-decay MEdium baseline NeuTrino beam (MOMENT) experiment, a novel neutrino oscillation facility that would operate with neutrinos from muon decay. Apart from obtaining a sufficiently intense flux, the bottlenecks to the physics reach of this experiment will be achieving a high enough suppression of the atmospheric background and, particularly, attaining a sufficient level of charge identification. We thus present our results as a function of these two factors. As for the detector, we consider a very massive Gd-doped Water Cherenkov detector. We find that MOMENT will be competitive with other currently planned future oscillation experiments if a charge identification of at least 80 % can be achieved at the same time that the atmospheric background can be suppressed by at least a factor of ten. We also find a large synergy of MOMENT with the current generation of neutrino oscillat...
Berger, Joshua; Ghosh, Diptimoy; Hewett, JoAnne L; Ismail, Ahmed; Rizzo, Thomas G
2015-01-01
We investigate the sensitivity of the next generation of flavor-based low-energy experiments to probe the supersymmetric parameter space in the context of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM), and examine the complementarity with direct searches for Supersymmetry at the 13 TeV LHC in a quantitative manner. To this end, we enlarge the previously studied pMSSM parameter space to include all physical non-zero CP-violating phases, namely those associated with the gaugino mass parameters, Higgsino mass parameter, and the tri-linear couplings of the top quark, bottom quark and tau lepton. We find that future electric dipole moment and flavor measurements can have a strong impact on the viability of these models even if the sparticle spectrum is out of reach of the 13 TeV LHC. In particular, the lack of positive signals in future low-energy probes would exclude values of the phases between ${\\cal O}(10^{-2})$ and ${\\cal O}(10^{-1})$. We also find regions of parameter space where large phases remain allowed due to cance...
Searches for CP violation in charm decays at BABAR
Neri, Nicola
2013-01-01
In the Standard Model \\CP violation in charm decays is expected to be very small, at the level of 0.1% or less. A significant excess of \\CP violation with respect to the Standard Model predictions would be a signature of new physics. We report on recent searches for \\CP violation in charm meson decays at \\babar, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 470 \\invfb. In particular, we report on searches for \\CPV in the 3-body $\\Dp\\to\\Kp\\Km\\pip$ decay and for decay modes with a \\KS in the final state, such as $\\Dp\\to\\KS\\Kp$, $\\Ds\\to\\KS\\Kp$, $\\Ds\\to\\KS\\pip$. A lifetime ratio analysis of $\\Dz\\to\\Kp\\Km, \\pip\\pim$ with respect to $\\Dz\\to\\Km\\pip$ decays, which is sensitive to \\Dz-\\Dzb mixing and \\CP violation, is also presented here.
50 years of CP violation — What have we learned?
McKellar, Bruce H. J. [Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terrascale School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Australia 3010 (Australia)
2015-04-24
Early after the discovery of CP violation, the explanation of how the Standard Model of particle physics could allow CP violation was quickly given, but it took many years for the original observation to be unequivocally explained on that basis. It was also proposed that this observation opened up the possibility that we could now explain the fact that the universe is made of matter. Remarkably, 50 years later we have no evidence in particle physics that there is any CP violation except that of the Kobayashi Maskawa mechanism of the standard model. Yet we fail completely to explain the baryon asymmetry of the Universe through that mechanism. After reviewing the main points in the history I describe the present experimental attempts to find CP violation beyond the standard model, and explain the theoretical attempts to explain the matter in the Universe.
Implications of CP-violation in charmed hadrons
I discuss theoretical implications of recent experimental progress in understanding CP-violation in charmed mesons. I review recent standard model predictions and attempts to constrain beyond the standard model scenarios using observations of charm hadron transitions
50 years of CP violation — What have we learned?
Early after the discovery of CP violation, the explanation of how the Standard Model of particle physics could allow CP violation was quickly given, but it took many years for the original observation to be unequivocally explained on that basis. It was also proposed that this observation opened up the possibility that we could now explain the fact that the universe is made of matter. Remarkably, 50 years later we have no evidence in particle physics that there is any CP violation except that of the Kobayashi Maskawa mechanism of the standard model. Yet we fail completely to explain the baryon asymmetry of the Universe through that mechanism. After reviewing the main points in the history I describe the present experimental attempts to find CP violation beyond the standard model, and explain the theoretical attempts to explain the matter in the Universe
CP violation and beauty factories and related issues in physics
This book contains the following topics: Results from existing and new colliders; CP violation and rare B decays' Hadronic production of B-quarks; Machine and detectors issues for B-factories; Future prospects: and summary of working group
LHCb : Measuring $CP$ violation with $\\Delta A_{CP}$ at LHCb
Pearce, A
2014-01-01
Measurements are presented of direct $CP$ violation in $D^{0}$ meson decays in LHCb, using the $\\Delta A_{CP}$ technique, and a proposal is outlined to make similar measurements in the decays of the charmed baryon $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}$. The motivations for use of the $\\Delta A_{CP}$ method are discussed, along with the current results and future prospects.
Estimate of CP Violation for the LBNE Project and $\\delta_{CP}
Kisslinger, Leonard S.
2011-01-01
Measurements of CP violation (CPV) and the basic $\\delta_{CP}$ parameter are the goals of the LBNE Project, which is being planned. Using the expected energy and baseline parameters for the LBNE Project, CPV and the dependence of CPV on $\\delta_{CP}$ are estimated, to help in the planning of this project.
Seeking CP violating couplings in ZZ production at LEP2
Biebel, Jochen
1998-02-01
The effects of CP violating anomalous ZZZ and γZZ vertices in ZZ production are determined. We present the differential cross-section for e+e--->ZZ with dependence on the spins of the Z bosons. It is shown that from the different spin combinations those with one longitudinally and one transversally polarized Z in the final state are the most sensitive to CP violating anomalous couplings.
Seeking $CP$ Violating Couplings in $ZZ$ Production at LEP2
Biebel, J
1999-01-01
The effects of CP violating anomalous ZZZ and gammaZZ vertices in ZZ production are determined. We present the differential cross-section for e+e- -> ZZ with dependence on the spins of the Z bosons. It is shown that from the different spin combinations those with one longitudinally and one transversally polarized Z in the final state are the most sensitive to CP violating anomalous couplings.
CP violation and related topics in K and B physics
CP violation is a very small effect. It has only been seen in KoK-baro where ξ = 2.3 10/sup -3/ while the absolute value of ξ'/ξ 0// = 0. ii) In the standard Kobayashi-Maskawa (KM) model CP violation is proportional to s/sub 1/s/sub 2/x x s/sub 3/sinδ, its smallness being due to the smallness of the sinuses
14th Conference on Flavor Physics and CP Violation
2016-01-01
The 2016 edition of the Conference on Flavor Physics and CP Violation will be held at on the campus of the California Institute of Technology on 6-9 June. The FPCP conference series was founded in 2002 through the merger of the Heavy Flavor (HF) and B Physics and CP Violation (BPCP) conference series. A list of previous FPCP venues can be found here.
Dilution measurements for CP violation in B decay
The dilution effect appearing in the search for CP violation in the B0d, bar B0d decay is discussed. The authors considers pN collisions at large c.m. energy (LHC and SSC projects). A measurement of the dilution parameter is proposed by considering B+-, B0d, bar B0d decaying into channels where CP violation is not present
CP violation in B hadron decays at LHCb
Perazzini, S
2015-01-01
LHCb is one of the four major experiments operating at the Large Hadron Collider, and is specifically dedicated to the measurement of CP violation and rare decays in the beauty and charm quark sectors. In this report we present some of the latest and most relevant CP violation measurements in B hadron decays, performed by LHCb using the data sample collected during 2011 and 2012
Neutrinos How Do They Mix and Violate CP?
Fritzsch, Harald; Fritzsch, Harald; Xing, Zhi-zhong
2000-01-01
We discuss a simple model of lepton mixing and CP violation based on the flavor democracy of charge leptons and the mass degeneracy of neutrinos. A nearly bi-maximal flavor mixing pattern, which is favored by current data on atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillations, emerges naturally from this model after explicit symmetry breaking. The rephasing-invariant strength of CP or T violation can be as large as one percent, leading to significant probability asymmetries between \
A prediction of neutrino mixing matrix with CP violating phase
The latest experimental progress has established three kinds of neutrino oscillations with three mixing angles measured to rather high precision. There is still one parameter, i.e., the CP violating phase, missing in the neutrino mixing matrix. It is shown that a replay between different parameterizations of the mixing matrix can determine the full neutrino mixing matrix together with the CP violating phase. From the maximal CP violation observed in the original Kobayashi-Maskawa (KM) scheme of quark mixing matrix, we make an Ansatz of maximal CP violation in the neutrino mixing matrix. This leads to the prediction of all nine elements of the neutrino mixing matrix and also a remarkable prediction of the CP violating phase δCK=(85.48-1.80(-4.90)+4.67(+12.87))° within 1σ (3σ) range from available experimental information. We also predict the three angles of the unitarity triangle corresponding to the quark sector for confronting with the CP violation related measurements.
Generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry and leptonic CP violation
Chen, Peng; Gonzalez-Canales, Felix; Valle, J W F
2016-01-01
We propose a generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry to constrain the lepton flavor mixing parameters. We obtain a new correlation between the atmospheric mixing angle $\\theta_{23}$ and the "Dirac" CP violation phase $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$. Only in a specific limit our proposed CP transformation reduces to standard $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection, for which $\\theta_{23}$ and $\\delta_{CP}$ are both maximal. The "Majorana" phases are predicted to lie at their CP-conserving values with important implications for the neutrinoless double beta decay rates. We also study the phenomenological implications of our scheme for present and future neutrino oscillation experiments including T2K, NO$\
Search for Direct CP Violation in B -> K pi Decays
Abe, K
2001-01-01
We search for direct CP violation in flavor specific B -> K pi decays by measuring the rate asymmetry between charge conjugate modes. The search is performed on a data sample of 11.1 million B B bar events recorded on the Upsilon(4S) resonance by the Belle experiment at KEKB. We measure 90% confidence intervals in the partial rate asymmetry A_CP of -0.25 < A_CP(K-/+ pi+/-) < 0.37, -0.40 < A_CP(K-/+ pi^0) < 0.36, and -0.53 < A_CP(K^0 pi-/+) < 0.82. By combining the K-/+ pi+/- and K-/+ pi^0 fin...
Unity of CP and T Violation in Neutrino Oscillations
Blom, Martin; Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
In a previous work a simultaneous P- CP[P] and P- T[P] bi-probability plot was proposed as a useful tool for unified graphical description of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillation. The ``baseball diamond'' structure of the plot is understood as a consequence of the approximate CP-CP and the T-CP relations obeyed by the oscillation probabilities. In this paper, we make a step forward toward deeper understanding of the unified graphical representation by showing that these two relations ar...
False Signals of CP-Invariance Violation at DUNE
de Gouvêa, André
2016-01-01
One of the main goals of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is to look for new sources of CP-invariance violation. Another is to significantly test the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm. Here, we show that there are CP-invariant new physics scenarios which, as far as DUNE data are concerned, cannot be distinguished from the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm with very large CP-invariance violating effects. We discuss examples with non-standard neutrino interactions and with a fourth neutrino mass eigenstate. We briefly discuss how ambiguities can be resolved by combining DUNE data with data from other long-baseline experiments, including Hyper-Kamiokande.
New Views on the Problem of CP Violation
Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
After briefly recollecting basic features of the good-old way of detecting CP violation by comparing nu_{e} and nu_{e}-bar appearance measurement in long-baseline (LBL) neutrino oscillation experiments, I discuss two new ways of exploring leptonic CP violation. First, I discuss the reactor-LBL method in which reactor measurement of theta_{13} is combined with nu_{e} (no nu_{e}-bar) appearance measurement in LBL.. Assuming \\sim 10^{3} GW_{th} ton year operation of a reactor experiment, CP sens...
Searches for New Physics in CP Violation from BABAR
Palombo, Fernando [Universita di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milano (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano (Italy). et al.
2015-05-12
Results of recent searches for new physics in CP violation in charm decays from the BABAR experiment are presented. These results include a measurement of D^{0} - anti D^{0} mixing and searches for CP violation in two-body D^{0} decays, a search for CP violation in the charm decays D^{±} → K_{S}^{0}K ^{±} and D_{ s}^{±} → K_{S}^{0}K^{±} , K_{S}^{0}π^{±} , and a search for direct CP violation in the singly-Cabibbo suppressed D^{±} → K^{+}K^{-}π^{±}decays. These studies are based on the final dataset collected by BABAR at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC in the period 1999-2008. No evidence of CP violation is found in these charm decays. The measured mixing parameter y_{CP} = [0.72 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.12(syst)]% excludes the no-mixing null hypothesis with a significance of 3.3σ .
Higgs sector CP-violation at the electroweak phase transition
Laine, Mikko
1999-01-01
We consider explicit and spontaneous CP-violation related to the profile of the two Higgs doublets at the MSSM electroweak phase transition. We find, in accordance with previous results, that in principle spontaneous CP-violation could exist in the MSSM at finite temperatures, but when the constraints from experiment and the strength of the transition are taken into account, the relevant region of the parameter space is rather restricted. Nevertheless, we show that in this small region, perturbative estimates need not be reliable, and non-perturbatively the region might be slightly larger (or smaller). To allow for more precise perturbative studies and for a lattice study of the non-perturbative corrections, we construct an effective 3d theory for the light stops and the two Higgses in the regime of large mQ. The 3d theory involves CP-violating parameters and allows to determine CP-odd observables.
On distinguishing the direct and spontaneous CP violation in 2HDM
Sokolowska, Dorota; Krawczyk, Maria; Kanishev, K. A.
2008-01-01
The most general Two Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) allows both for the explicit and the spontaneous CP violation in the scalar sector. Here we discuss CP violation in terms of basis-independent quantities and show how using two different sets of known CP-odd weak-basis invariants one can distinguish between CP conservation, explicit CP violation and spontaneous CP violation. The special case of CP violation without CP mixing, in which the neutral Higgs gauge boson interaction respects CP while H...
CP violation searches in the charm sector at LHCb
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons, thus enabling measurements of direct and indirect CP violation parameters of D^0 mesons to be made with unprecedented precision. The difference in CP asymmetries between the singly Cabibbo-suppressed (SCS) D^0 -> K+K- and D^0 -> pi+pi- decays (Delta A_CP) has emerged as a powerful observable to search for direct CPV in the charm sector. By taking the difference between the two modes, most of the asymmetries induced by the detector or coming from the production mechanism are cancelled. The measurement of Delta A_CP done at LHCb is the most precise measurement of a time-integrated CP asymmetry in the charm sector from a single experiment, with a precision reaching the sub-permille level. Two independent measurements of Delta A_CP based on complementary data sets will be presented. Related 2-body searches and searches for direct CP violation in multi-body decays of the D^0 mesons will be discussed. Indirect CP violation in charm is measured throug...
Higgs bosons in supersymmetric model with CP-violating potential
Oshimo, Noriyuki
2015-01-01
In the supersymmetric standard model which is not minimal, the Higgs potential does not conserve CP symmetry generally. Assuming that there exists an SU(2)-triplet Higgs field, we discuss resultant CP-violating effects on the Higgs bosons. The experimentally observed Higgs boson, which should be CP-even in the standard model, could decay into two photons of CP-odd polarization state non-negligibly. For the second lightest Higgs boson, in sizable region of parameter space, the dominant decay m...
Linking Leptonic CP violation to Quark Unitarity Triangle
Tanimoto, Morimitsu
2015-01-01
We study the linking between the CP violating phase of the lepton sectors and the unitarity triangle of the B0 meson system. Antusch, King, Malinsky and Spinrath have shown that the quark mass matrices with the negligible 1-3 mixing give an interesting relation between the phase of the quark mixing matrices and CP violating measure phi_2(alpha). This approach is extended by considering the SO(10) GUT including the Pati-Salam symmetry, which links the Yukawa matrices of the quark sector to the one of the lepton sector. We discuss the relation of the CP violating phases between both quark and lepton sectors as well as the mixing angles. Then, the leptonic CP violating phase is predicted in terms of the angle of the unitarity triangle of the B0 meson system. The leptonic CP violating phase deltaPMNS is predicted in the region -74 to -89, which is the consistent with the recent T2K results. Our predicted phase is sensitive to phi_2(alpha) and phi_3(gamma). These predictions will be clearly tested in the future ne...
CP violation in tbW couplings at the LHC
We study in a model-independent way anomalous CP-violating tbW effective couplings that might arise from new physics in the processes pp→tW-X and pp→t¯W+X, followed by semileptonic decay of t and t¯. These processes have a dependence on effective tbW couplings both in the production process as well as in the decay of the t or t¯. We propose several CP-violating asymmetries constructed out of variables in the two processes, including t and t¯ polarization, and energy and azimuthal angles of the decay particles. We find that it is feasible to probe a certain CP-violating combination of anomalous couplings at the percent level at the LHC for centre-of-mass energy 14 TeV and an integrated luminosity of 10 fb-1.
Cern Academic Training programme 2011 - Flavour Physics and CP Violation
PH Department
2011-01-01
LECTURE SERIES 4, 5, 6 and 7 April 2011 Flavour Physics and CP Violation Dr. Yosef Nir (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 11:00-12:00 - 4, 6 and 7 April - Bldg. 222-R-001 - Filtration Plant 5 April - Bldg. 80-1-001 - Globe 1st Floor The B-factories have led to significant progress in our understanding of CP violation and of flavour physics. Yet, two flavour puzzles remain. The standard model flavour puzzle is the question of why there is smallness and hierarchy in the flavour parameters. The new physics flavour puzzle is the question of why TeV-scale new physics was not signalled in flavour changing neutral current processes. The high pT experiments, ATLAS and CMS, are likely to shed light on these puzzles. As concerns CP violation, the LHC will lead to progress on the puzzle of the baryon asymmetry as well.
Towards new frontiers in CP violation in B decays
CP-violating effects in decays of B mesons offer a wide spectrum of probes for testing the phase structure of the quark-flavour sector of the Standard Model. After a brief discussion of the picture emerging from the current LHC data, the focus will be put on two specific topics: hadronic uncertainties from penguin topologies on measurements of the B0q- B-bar 0q mixing phases (q element of {d,s}), and the U-spin-related decays B0s → K+K− and B0d → π+π−. Valuable new insights are expected from future studies of CP violation in B decays. For the detection of possible new sources of CP violation, it will be crucial to match the experimental and theoretical precisions and to have a careful look at the underlying assumptions
CP Violation and Baryogenesis in the Presence of Black Holes
Banks, Tom
2015-01-01
In a recent paper[1] Kundu and one of the present authors showed that there were transient but observable CP violating effects in the decay of classical currents on the horizon of a black hole, if the Lagrangian of the Maxwell field contained a CP violating angle {\\theta}. In this paper we demonstrate that a similar effect can be seen in the quantum mechanics of QED: a non-trivial Berry phase in the QED wave function is produced by in-falling electric charges. We also investigate whether CP violation, of this or any other type, might be used to produce the baryon asymmetry of the universe, in models where primordial black hole decay contributes to the matter content of the present universe. This can happen both in a variety of hybrid inflation models, and in the Holographic Space-time (HST) model of inflation[2].
W K H Panofsky prize awarded for CP violation
2006-01-01
Italo Mannelli (left) et Heinrich Wahl (right) at CERN after the announcement of the prize. The American Physical Society has recently announced its 2007 winners of the W K H Panofsky prize to CERN's Heinrich Wahl (now at the University of Ferrara), Italo Mannelli from Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and Bruce Winstein of University of Chicago. These three physicists led experiments that resulted in a multitude of precision measurements of properties of neutral kaons, most notably the discovery of direct CP violation. The W K H Panofsky prize recognizes outstanding achievements in experimental particle physics. Wahl and Mannelli's important work at CERN with CP violation and neutral kaons in the 1970s paved the way for the NA31 experiment in the 1980s. This experiment, of which Wahl was the spokesperson, focused on and found the first evidence for direct CP violation. Mannelli played a leading role, particularly in implementing his knowledge of calorimetry using liquefied noble gases, a technique originally...
CP violation in the standard model and beyond
The present status of CP violation in the standard six quark model is reviewed and a combined analysis with B-meson decays is presented. The theoretical uncertainties in the analysis are discussed and the resulting KM weak mixing angles, the phase delta and the ratio epsilon'/epsilon are given as functions of Tsub(B), GAMMA(b -> u)/GAMMA(b -> c), msub(t) and the B parameter. For certain ranges of the values of these parameters the standard model is not capable in reproducing the experimental values for epsilon' and epsilon parameters. Anticipating possible difficulties we discuss various alternatives to the standard explanation of CP violation such as horizontal interactions, left-right symmetric models and supersymmetry. CP violation outside the kaon system is also briefly discussed. (orig.)
CP violation in charm and beauty decays at LHCb
LHCb is a dedicated heavy flavour physics precision experiment at the LHC searching for New Physics (NP) beyond the Standard Model (SM) through the study of very rare decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons and precision measurements of CP-violating observables. In this review I will present a selection of recent precision measurements of CP-violating observables in the decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons. These measurements are based on an integrated luminosity of up to 1.0 fb−1 collected by LHCb in 2011
CP violation in charm and beauty decays at LHCb
Pepe Altarelli, M., E-mail: monica.pepe.altarelli@cern.ch
2013-08-15
LHCb is a dedicated heavy flavour physics precision experiment at the LHC searching for New Physics (NP) beyond the Standard Model (SM) through the study of very rare decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons and precision measurements of CP-violating observables. In this review I will present a selection of recent precision measurements of CP-violating observables in the decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons. These measurements are based on an integrated luminosity of up to 1.0 fb{sup −1} collected by LHCb in 2011.
On weak decays of heavy flavors, mixing and CP violation
Detailed studies of weak decays serve not only to confirm the Standard Model, but possess also a high sensitivity to New Physics: tau and top decays are discussed in this vein, with some short remarks on beauty and charm. The sensitivity to New Physics is even higher in delicate phenomena like mixing and CP violation: a fairly detailed discussion on K0 - anti K0, D0 - anti D0, and B0 - anti B0 mixing and on CP violation in K0 and B decays is presented. 48 refs., 11 figs
CP violation in the B system: What's old, what's new?
I review the many ways of obtaining information about the CKM matrix through CP violation in the B system. I include direct and indirect CP violation, the role of penguins and isospin analysis, tagging, and B→DK decays. I also discuss recent developments showing how to use SU(3) flavor symmetry, along with some dynamical approximations, to extract from B decays to ππ, πK, and KK0 the weak CKM phases, the strong phase shifts, and the sizes of the various contributing diagrams. Finally, I briefly show what can be learned from an exact treatment of the CKM matrix. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics
On weak decays of heavy flavors, mixing and CP violation
Bigi, I.I.
1987-10-01
Detailed studies of weak decays serve not only to confirm the Standard Model, but possess also a high sensitivity to New Physics: tau and top decays are discussed in this vein, with some short remarks on beauty and charm. The sensitivity to New Physics is even higher in delicate phenomena like mixing and CP violation: a fairly detailed discussion on K/sup 0/ - anti K/sup 0/, D/sup 0/ - anti D/sup 0/, and B/sup 0/ - anti B/sup 0/ mixing and on CP violation in K/sup 0/ and B decays is presented. 48 refs., 11 figs.
CP Violation and Baryogenesis from New Heavy Quarks
Hou, Wei-Shu
2008-01-01
The electroweak theory contains all the necessary ingredients for baryogenesis, albeit insufficiently. Baryon number is violated at high temperature, but the electroweak phase transition is too weak, while {$CP$} violation in the three generation Kobayashi-Maskawa model is much too small. % We point out that an extra generation of heavy quarks could resolve both issues. Recent B factory data may hint at new sources of {$CP$} violation in the {$B^\\pm\\to K^\\pm\\pi^0$} electroweak penguin process. Unequivocal evidence could soon emerge at the Tevatron, in the {$CP$} violating phase {$\\sin 2\\Phi_{B_s}$} in {$\\bar B_s^0$}--{$B_s^0$} oscillations. Both effects can come from a heavy top-like {$t^\\prime$} quark. The large Yukawa couplings, associated with the heaviness of the {$t^\\prime$} and {$b^\\prime$} quarks, enhance the {$CP$} violation by orders of magnitude, and could strengthen the electroweak phase transition. The Large Hadron Collider can quickly confirm a large and negative {$\\sin 2\\Phi_{B_s}$}, and discove...
CPLEAR et BABAR, all aspects of CP violation
This report of French 'Habilitation a diriger les recherches' summarizes my scientific activity from 1993 to 2003. During this decade, my research work was related to two particle physics experiments: CPLEAR and BABAR. The first one, CPLEAR, has recorded data from 1988 to 1995 on the low energy anti-proton ring (LEAR) at CERN. This experiment was devoted to the study of T, CPT et CP discrete symmetries. The second experiment, BABAR, has been running since 1999, on the PEP-II B factory at SLAC. This experiment searches for CP violation and tests the Standard Model through the measurements of the angles and the sides of the Unitarity Triangle. My research work is divided in five main topics: Study of CP and CPT violation in K0 → π+ π- decays; Performance optimization of the particle identification detector (DIRC) of the BABAR experiment; B meson tagging in BABAR experiment; Δmd measurement and Search for CP and T violation in mixing with dilepton events; Search for CP violation in B0 → ρ± π± and B0 → π± K± decays. (author)
Search for CP and CPT violation in positronium decay
Adkins, Gregory S.
2010-01-01
Positronium, the electron-positron bound state, is described to a good approximation by pure QED. The states of positronium have definite values of C and P. Consequently, positronium is an attractive system for the investigation of possible violations of the discrete symmetries in the leptonic sector. We discuss signals for CP and CPT violation in the decay of spin-polarized orthopositronium and show where such correlations might arise in the context of the Standard-Model Extension.
Dynamical CP Violation in the Early Universe and Leptogenesis
Balaji, K R S; Brandenberger, R H; London, D; Biswas, Tirthabir; Brandenberger, Robert H.; London, David
2005-01-01
In a recent publication, we suggested a mechanism for obtaining dynamical CP violation in the early Universe based on the out-of-equilibrium evolution of complex scalar fields. In this paper, we suggest several ways of transferring the CP asymmetry from the scalar sector to the leptonic sector. In particular, we point out how a ``transient MNS(P) matrix'' can generate an asymmetry between fermions and anti-fermions directly.
Dynamical CP violation in the early universe and leptogenesis
In a recent publication, we suggested a mechanism for obtaining dynamical CP violation in the early universe based on the out-of-equilibrium evolution of complex scalar fields. In this paper, we suggest several ways of transferring the CP asymmetry from the scalar sector to the leptonic sector. In particular, we point out how a 'transient Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata (Pontecorvo) matrix' can generate an asymmetry between fermions and antifermions directly
SPONTANEOUS CP VIOLATION AND QUARK MASS AMBIGUITIES.
CREUTZ,M.
2004-09-21
I explore the regions of quark masses where CP will be spontaneously broken in the strong interactions. The boundaries of these regions are controlled by the chiral anomaly, which manifests itself in ambiguities in the definition of non-degenerate quark masses. In particular, the concept of a single massless quark is ill defined.
New FOCUS results on charm mixing and CP violation
Bianco, S; Paolone, V S; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vásquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Butler, J N; Vaandering, E W; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Gardner, R; Wiss, J; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Arena, V; Davenport, T F; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y; Bianco, Stefano
2001-01-01
We present a summary of recent results on CP violation and mixing in the charm quark sector based on a high statistics sample collected by photoproduction experiment FOCUS (E831 at Fermilab). We have measured the difference in lifetimes for the $D^0$ decays: $D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^+$ and $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$. This translates into a measurement of the $y_{CP}$ mixing parameter in the $\\d0d0$ system, under the assumptions that $K^-K^+$ is an equal mixture of CP odd and CP even eigenstates, and CP violation is negligible in the neutral charm meson system. We verified the latter assumption by searching for a CP violating asymmetry in the Cabibbo suppressed decay modes $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$, $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$ and $D^0 \\to \\pi^-\\pi^+$. We show preliminary results on a measurement of the branching ratio $\\Gamma(D^{*+}\\to \\pi^+ (K^+\\pi^-))/\\Gamma(D^{*+}\\to \\pi^+ (K^-\\pi^+))$.
CP violation in the standard model: The B meson system
The author shows how expected large CP asymmetries in B decays can determine CKM phases in manners which are free of hadronic uncertainties. With other (CP conserving) measurements, this may eventually serve to overconstrain the CKM matrix. A determination of the three angles of the unitarity triangle is based theoretically on different types of asymmetries and is expected to involve different levels of experimental difficulty. The most promising measurement seems at present to be that of the angle β in B0d → ψKs. This is the simplest case of CP violation in decays of mixed B0 bar B0, which essentially involves no corrections from CP nonconservation in direct decay. In the asymmetry of B0d → π+π- (ρ+-π-+), which measures the angle α, one will have to disentangle direct decay CP violation from the measured asymmetry. This requires a good detector for neutral pions. A time-dependent determination of γ from direct decay CP violation in B+- → D01,2K+- may be feasible if BR(B+ → D0K+) is not too strongly color-suppressed. Finally the author presented a new idea of tagging neutral B mesons, based on their correlation with nearby pions. This may be a very promising possibility if one can establish experimentally a strong correlation
New physics effects on CP violation in B decays
The author reviews new physics effects on CP violation in B decays. In chapter 2 he introduces the formalism, and discusses the Standard Model picture of CP violation in B decays, with special emphasis on the cleanliness of the predictions. Chapter 3 gives a general discussion of new physics effects: he points out the ingredients in the analysis that are sensitive to new physics and deduces the type of new physics that is most likely to modify the Standard Model predictions. Explicit examples are given in chapter 4: a model with Z-mediated flavor changing neutral currents demonstrates in which ways the new physics will manifest itself in CP asymmetries in B decays; a supersymmetric model with open-quotes quark-squark alignmentclose quotes mechanism shows that supersymmetry may affect CP asymmetries in B decays, even though the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model does not; multi-scalar models may affect the asymmetries even in the absence of new CP violating phases; schemes for quark mass matrices will be crucially tested by the CP asymmetries. In chapter 5 he explains how, if deviations from the Standard Model predictions are measured, one will be able to learn detailed features of the New Physics that is responsible for that
Summary of the working group on CP violation (theory)
The Working Group concentrated on hadronic asymmetries in B decays, because certain of these asymmetries are both predictable and large. In this paper, the authors study three topics in some detail: how the present expectations for these asymmetries are improved by new knowledge of other weak parameters, like mt and Vub; how much do penguin and rescattering effects change the theoretical basis for these predictions? how one can use appropriate angular correlation measurements to unravel CP eigenmodes from non-CP final states. In addition, the authors also briefly discussed CP violation in charged B decays
CPLEAR et BABAR, all aspects of CP violation; CPLEAR et BABAR la violation de CP dans tous ses etats
Yeche, Ch
2003-06-01
This report of French 'Habilitation a diriger les recherches' summarizes my scientific activity from 1993 to 2003. During this decade, my research work was related to two particle physics experiments: CPLEAR and BABAR. The first one, CPLEAR, has recorded data from 1988 to 1995 on the low energy anti-proton ring (LEAR) at CERN. This experiment was devoted to the study of T, CPT et CP discrete symmetries. The second experiment, BABAR, has been running since 1999, on the PEP-II B factory at SLAC. This experiment searches for CP violation and tests the Standard Model through the measurements of the angles and the sides of the Unitarity Triangle. My research work is divided in five main topics: Study of CP and CPT violation in K{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {pi}{sup -} decays; Performance optimization of the particle identification detector (DIRC) of the BABAR experiment; B meson tagging in BABAR experiment; {delta}m{sub d} measurement and Search for CP and T violation in mixing with dilepton events; Search for CP violation in B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup {+-}} {pi}{sup {+-}} and B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup {+-}} K{sup {+-}} decays. (author)
Search for CP violation in $D^{0}$ and $D^{+}$ decays
Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Arena, V; Bediaga, I; Bianco, S; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Butler, J N; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cawlfield, C; Cheung, H W K; Cho, K; Chung, Y S; Cinquini, L; Copty, N K; Cumalat, J P; D'Angelo, P; Davenport, T F; De Miranda, J M; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Dos Reis, A C; Engh, D; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Gardner, R; Garren, L A; Giammarchi, M G; Gianini, G; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Göbel, C; Handler, T; Hernández, H; Hosack, M; Inzani, P; Johns, W E; Kang, J S; Kasper, P H; Kim, D Y; Ko, B R; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Kwak, J W; Kwon, Y; Lee, K B; Leveraro, F; Liguori, G; López, A M; Magnin, J; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Méndez, H; Méndez, L; Merlo, M; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Moroni, L; Myung, S S; Nehring, M S; O'Reilly, B; Olaya, D; Pantea, D; Paolone, V S; Park, H; Park, K S; Pedrini, D; Pepe, I M; Prelz, F; Purohit, M; Quinones, J; Rahimi, A; Ramírez, J E; Ratti, S P; Reyes, M; Riccardi, C; Rivera, C; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Sales, M; Sarwar, S; Sheaff, M; Sheldon, P D; Simão, F R A; Stenson, K; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Torre, P; Uribe, C; Vaandering, E W; Vázquez, F; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Webster, M S; Wilson, J R; Wiss, J; Yager, P M; Zallo, A; Zhang, Y
2000-01-01
A high statistics sample of photoproduced charm particles from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab has been used to search for CP violation in the Cabibbo suppressed decay modes D+ to K-K+pi+, D0 to K-K+ and D0 to pi-pi+. We have measured the following CP asymmetry parameters: A_CP(K-K+pi+) = +0.006 +/- 0.011 +/- 0.005, A_CP(K-K+) = -0.001 +/- 0.022 +/- 0.015 and A_CP(pi-pi+) = +0.048 +/- 0.039 +/- 0.025 where the first error is statistical and the second error is systematic. These asymmetries are consistent with zero with smaller errors than previous measurements.
Addressing the strong CP problem with quark mass ratios
Díaz-Cruz, J L; Saldaña-Salazar, U J
2016-01-01
The strong CP problem is one of many puzzles in the theoretical description of elementary particles physics that still lacks an explanation. Solutions to that problem usually comprise new symmetries or fields or both. The main problem seems to be how to achieve small CP in the strong interactions despite large CP violation in weak interactions. Observation of CP violation is exclusively through the Higgs--Yukawa interactions. In this letter, we show that with minimal assumptions on the structure of mass (Yukawa) matrices the strong CP problem does not exist in the Standard Model and no extension to solve this is needed. However, to solve the flavor puzzle, models based on minimal SU(3) flavor groups leading to the proposed flavor matrices are favored.
Determination of CP violation parameter using neutrino pair beam
M. Yoshimura
2016-02-01
Full Text Available Neutrino oscillation experiments under neutrino pair beam from circulating excited heavy ions are studied. It is found that detection of double weak events has a good sensitivity to measure CP violating parameter and distinguish mass hierarchy patterns in short baseline experiments in which the earth-induced matter effect is minimized.
Superweak C.P. violation mediated by neutral Higgs bosons
In the framework of the standard SU(2) tensorial product of U(1) model, it is shown that a triplet and a singlet of Higgs bosons give rise to the ΔI=1/2 rule and to superweak CP violation in the non-leptonic sector
CP violating asymmetries in charged D meson decays
Buccella, F; Mangano, G; Miele, G; Pugliese, A; Santorelli, P
1993-01-01
The CP violating asymmetries for Cabibbo suppressed charged D meson decays in the standard model are estimated in the factorized approximation, using the two-loop effective hamiltonian and a model for final state interactions previously tested for Cabibbo allowed D decays. No new parameters are added. The predictions are larger than expected and not too far from the experimental possibilities.
CP violating asymmetries in charged D meson decays
Buccella, F.; Lusignoli, M.; Mangano, G.; Miele, G.; Pugliese, A.; Santorelli, P.
1993-03-01
The CP violating asymmetries for Cabibbo suppressed charged D meson decays in the standard model are estimated in the factorized approximation, using the two-loop effective hamiltonian and a model for final state interactions previously tested for Cabibbo allowed D decays. No new parameters are added. The predictions are larger than expected and not too far from the experimental possibilities.
Physics of heavy quark decays and CP violation
The phenomena of quark mixing in weak interaction are described. The current experimental status of the mixing matrix, charm and beauty particle decays, and CP violations are reported. Future interesting experiments are pointed out, especially in the event that higher generations of quarks exist. 78 refs., 5 figs
CP violation and electroweak baryogenesis in the Standard Model
Brauner, Tomáš
Vol. 70. Les Ulis: E D P Sciences, 2014, 00078. ISSN 2100-014X. [1st International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics. Kolymbari (GR), 10.06.2012-16.06.2012] Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : Standard Model * CP-violation * electroweak Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics
Measurement of CP violation in the B0s system
Studies of CP violation play a key role in the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. In the B0s system these mainly consist of measurements of mixing-induced CP violation, which arises from the interference between the B0s− B-bar 0s mixing process and the subsequent decay. This report focusses on two such asymmetry measurements recently published by the LHCb collaboration. The first analysis presents the measurement of a CP violating phase in B0s → φφ, which is found to be φφφ = −0.17±0.15(stat)±0.03(syst)rad. The second provides an updated measurement of the B0s− B-bar 0s mixing phase φs using the B0s → J/ψπ+π− channel. It yields φs = 0.070 ± 0.068 (stat) ± 0.008 (syst) rad. Both results are consistent with the Standard Model expectations and no indication for direct CP violation was found in either decay mode
CP-violation in cascade decays at the LHC
Tattersall, Jamie
We study the potential to observe CP-violating effects in various supersymmetric cascade decay chains at the LHC. Asymmetries composed by triple products of momenta of the final state particles are sensitive to CP-violating effects. We analytically calculate the cascade decays including the relevant spin correlations to compute the parton level asymmetry. In addition, we use Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the sensitivity of the LHC to the CP-violating observables. Due to large boosts that dilute the asymmetries, these can be difficult to observe at the LHC. However, if all particle masses in a cascade decay are known, it may be possible to reconstruct all momenta in the decay chains. We can then recover the full asymmetry on an event-by-event basis even when we have missing momentum due to a stable lightest supersymmetric particle. After the reconstruction, the non-diluted CP-violating signal gets significantly enhanced so that an observation may become feasible. A fully hadronic study has also been co...
Xie, Yuehong
2012-01-01
Study of CP violation in the decay channel Bs->J/psi phi is essential to exploring and constraining physics beyond the Standard Model in the quark flavour sector. The experimental progress in this area of activity at the LHC and Tevatron is discussed.
Searches for CP violation in multibody D decays
Fu, J
2014-01-01
Multibody charm decays are a good place to search for $CP$ violation. The results of the LHCb collaboration in the decays of $D^+ \\to \\pi^- \\pi^+ \\pi^+$, $D^0 \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $D^0 \\to K^+ K^- \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ are presented.
CP violation in K decays and rare decays
The present status of CP violation in decays of neutral kaons is reviewed. In addition selected rare decays of both K and B mesons are discussed. The emphasis is in particular on observables that can be reliably calculated and thus offer the possibility of clean tests of standard model flavor physics. 105 refs
CP violation due to multi Froggatt-Nielsen fields
Kanemura, Shinya; Ota, Toshihiko; Petcov, Serguey; Shindou, Tetsuo; Takasugi, Eiichi; Tsumura, Koji
2007-01-01
We study how to incorporate CP violation in the Froggatt--Nielsen (FN) mechanism. To this end, we introduce non-renormalizable interactions with a flavor democratic structure to the fermion mass generation sector. It is found that at least two iso-singlet scalar fields with imposed a discrete symmetry are necessary to generate CP violation due to the appearance of the relative phase between their vacuum expectation values. In the simplest model, ratios of quark masses and the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix including the CP violating phase are determined by the CKM element |V_{us}| and the ratio of two vacuum expectation values R=|R|e^{i*alpha} (a magnitude and a phase). It is demonstrated how the angles phi_i (i=1--3) of the unitarity triangle and the CKM off-diagonal elements |V_{ub}| and |V_{cb}| are predicted as a function of |V_{us}|, |R| and \\alpha. Although the predicted value of the CP violating phase does not agree with the experimental data within the simplest model, the basic idea of our sce...
CP violation in the Standard Model with a complex singlet
Darvishi, Neda
2016-01-01
CP violation of the Standard Model (SM) is insufficient to explain the baryon asymmetry in the Universe and therefore an additional source of CP violation is needed. Here we consider the extension of the SM by a neutral complex singlet and discuss the physical conditions for a spontaneous CP violation in such model. In the model there are three neutral Higgs particles. Assuming the lightest one to be the 125 GeV Higgs boson found at LHC we calculate masses of the additional Higgs scalars and perform a numerical study of the allowed region of parameters. The scenario according to which the SM-like Higgs particle comes mostly from the SM-like SU(2) doublet, with a small modification coming from the singlet, is in agreement with the newest $R_{\\gamma \\gamma}$ and precise EW (parameters S, T) data. We have found that the Jarlskog invariant, measuring the strength of the CP violation, can be enhanced as compared to the one in the SM, at the same time there is no corresponding enhancements expected for the Electric...
A new perspective on CP and T violation
Ashtekar, Abhay
2013-01-01
It is shown that the results of CP and T violation experiments can be interpreted using a very general framework that does not require a Hilbert space of states or linear operators to represent the symmetries or dynamics. Analysis within this general framework brings out the aspects of quantum mechanics that are essential for this interpretation. More importantly, should quantum mechanics be eventually replaced by a new paradigm, this framework could \\emph{still} be used to establish violation of CP and T invariance from the already known experimental results. This work arose as a `formal response' to a talk "Three Merry Roads to T-Violation" by Dr. Bryan Roberts [1]. Both talks were given at a "Workshop on Cosmology and Time" held at Penn State in April 2013, which brought together physicists and philosophers of science.
CMS performance for CP violation measurements
Pralavorio, P.
1996-12-31
Recent set of structure functions, branching ratios and the current understanding of detector performance lead to a new evaluation of the CP reach of CMS. Compared to previous analysis, expected numbers of fully reconstructed and {mu} tagged B events are smaller, but are partly recovered thanks to progress on low pT electron identification based upon the high-resolution and fine granular electromagnetic calorimeter. This allow to use electrons for tagging purpose as well s for J/{psi} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}reconstruction. (author). 13 refs.
CMS performance for CP violation measurements
Recent set of structure functions, branching ratios and the current understanding of detector performance lead to a new evaluation of the CP reach of CMS. Compared to previous analysis, expected numbers of fully reconstructed and μ tagged B events are smaller, but are partly recovered thanks to progress on low pT electron identification based upon the high-resolution and fine granular electromagnetic calorimeter. This allow to use electrons for tagging purpose as well s for J/ψ → e+e-reconstruction. (author)
Superweak CP-violation and right-handed horizontal interactions
A horizontal extension of the Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory by a right-handed 0(3)sub(R)sub(H) gauge symmetry for the three fermion families is studied. By an appropriate choice of the Higgs-scalar fields the CP-symmetry of the Lagrangean is spontaneously broken, but the mixing of the left-handed fermion states, and hence the Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix, remains real. The CP-violation is manifested in the superweak horizontal gauge interactions, which are suppressed by the large mass of the corresponding gauge bosons. It is, however, possible that the horizontal boson acting on the second and third families can be considerably lighter than the other two, implying an interesting phenomenology of the related CP-violation effects and flavour-changing neutral currents. (orig.)
CP Violation in $D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S$
Nierste, Ulrich
2015-01-01
The direct CP asymmetry $a_{CP}^{\\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S)$ involves exchange diagrams which are induced at tree-level in the Standard Model. Since the corresponding topological amplitude $E_{KK}$ can be large, $D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S$ is a promising discovery channel for charm CP violation. We estimate the penguin annihilation amplitude with a perturbative calculation and extract the exchange amplitude $E_{KK}$ from a global fit to $D$ branching ratios. Our results are further used to predict the size of mixing-induced CP violation. We obtain $\\vert a_{CP}^{\\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S)\\vert \\leq 1.1\\%$ (95\\% C.L.). The same bound applies to the nonuniversal part of the phase between the $D\\!-\\overline{\\!D}\\,$ mixing and decay amplitudes. If future data exceed our predictions, this will point to new physics or an enhancement of the penguin annihilation amplitude by QCD dynamics. We briefly discuss the implications of these possibilities for other CP asymmetries.
Recent Results on T and CP Violation at BABAR
Perez Perez, Alejandro [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Pisa (Italy).
2015-02-06
CP-violation (CPV) and Time-reversal violation (TRV) are intimately related through the CPT theorem: if one of these discrete symmetries is violated the other one has to be violated in such a way to conserve CPT. Although CPV in the B^{0}B^{0}-bar system has been established by the B-factories, implying indirectly TRV, there is still no direct evidence of TRV. We report on the observation of TRV in the B-meson system performed with a dataset of 468 × 10^{6} BB-bar pairs produced in Υ(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e^{+}e^{-} collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We also report on other CPV measurements recently performed on the B-meson system
Recent Results on T and CP Violation at BABAR
CP-violation (CPV) and Time-reversal violation (TRV) are intimately related through the CPT theorem: if one of these discrete symmetries is violated the other one has to be violated in such a way to conserve CPT. Although CPV in the B0B0-bar system has been established by the B-factories, implying indirectly TRV, there is still no direct evidence of TRV. We report on the observation of TRV in the B-meson system performed with a dataset of 468 x 106 BB-bar pairs produced in Y(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We also report on other CPV measurements recently performed on the B-meson system
Spontaneous CP violation in the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos
Doff, A.(Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná – UTFPR – DAFIS, Av. Monteiro Lobato Km 04, 84016-210 Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil); Pires, C. A. de S.; da Silva, P. S. Rodrigues
2006-01-01
We implement the mechanism of spontaneous CP violation in the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos and recognize their sources of CP violation. Our main result is that the mechanism works already in the minimal version of the model and new sources of CP violation emerges as an effect of new physics at energies higher than the electroweak scale.
CP violation in multibody decays of beauty baryons
Durieux, Gauthier
2016-01-01
Beauty baryons are being observed in large number in the LHCb detector. The rich kinematics of their multibody decays are therefore becoming accessible and provide us with new opportunities to search for CP violation. We analyse the angular distributions of some three- and four-body decays of spin-$1/2$ baryons using the Jacob-Wick helicity formalism. The asymmetries that provide access to small differences of CP-odd phases between decay amplitudes of identical CP-even phases are notably discussed. The understanding gained on processes featuring specific resonant intermediate states allows us to establish which asymmetries are relevant for what purpose. It is for instance shown that some CP-odd angular asymmetries measured by the LHCb collaboration in the $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda\\,\\varphi \\to p\\,\\pi\\, K^+ K^-$ decay are expected to vanish identically.
Neutrino mixing and CP violation from Dirac-Majorana mixing
Harada, Junpei
2016-01-01
We consider a minimal condition that predicts the 1-3 lepton mixing angle $\\theta_{13} \\simeq \\theta_{\\rm C}/\\sqrt{2}$ with $\\theta_{\\rm C}$ the Cabibbo angle, and give the improved prediction of $\\theta_{13}$. In the case of normal mass ordering, the theoretical value of $\\theta_{13}$ is predicted as $\\theta_{13}=8.6^\\circ$, which is in good agreement with the current global best fit. In the case of inverted mass ordering, the theoretical value is predicted as $\\theta_{13}=9.7^\\circ$, which is far from the current global best fit. We also study the leptonic CP violation. We show that any values of the leptonic Dirac CP phase $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$ can be obtained by fine tuning. Without fine tuning, $|\\sin\\delta_{\\rm CP}|$ should be very small, typically of ${\\cal O}(\\lambda^2)$ where $\\lambda\\equiv \\sin\\theta_{\\rm C}$. Furthermore, a model-independent measure of CP violation is proposed, which is applicable to any flavor models.
Measurement of CP-violating asymmetries in B0 decays to CP Eigenstates
Aubert, B.; Boutigny, D.; Bonis, I.; Gaillard, JM; Jeremie, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, JP; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V.; Palano, A.; Chen, GP; Chen, JC; Qi, ND; Rong, G.; Wang, P.
2001-01-01
This is the pre-print version of the Article. The official published version can be accessed from the links below. Copyright @ 2001 APS We present measurements of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B decays to several CP eigenstates. The measurement uses a data sample of 23×106 ϒ(4S)→BB̅ decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. In this sample, we find events in which one neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a CP eigenstate cont...
CP-violation - a window to new physics
Violation of combined charge and parity symmetry in strangeness changing K-meson decays is shortly reviewed. The ΔS=2 Ko ↔ anti Ko transition and ΔS=1 processes K → 2π are described in the quark language. It is pointed out that even if the standard SU(3) X SU(2) X U(1) theory gives an excellent description of the present particle physics, precise measurements of exotic phenomena like CP-violation might reveal whether there is new physics beyond the standard theory
CP-violation in b quark radiative inclusive decays
The direct CP-violation in SU(2)L x SU(2)R x U(1) model and two-Higgs doublet extension of the standard model for b → dγ and b → sγ decays is investigated. The calculated CP-asymmetry for both of the models and for b → dγ and b → sγ decays for the wide range of parameters can exceed the value, predicted by the standard model and have a sign opposite to that of the latter. (author). 21 refs, 2 figs, 5 tabs
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
Kim, Jihn E. [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2015-12-15
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δ{sub PMNS} ∼ -(π)/(2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously a la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears. (orig.)
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δPMNS ∼ -(π)/(2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously a la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears. (orig.)
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δPMNS≈-(π/2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously à la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
Kim, Jihn E., E-mail: jihnekim@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, 26 Gyungheedaero, Dongdaemun-Gu, 02447, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), 291 Daehakro, Yuseong-Gu, 34141, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanak-Gu, 08826, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, 26 Gyungheedaero, Dongdaemun-Gu, 02447, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2016-01-08
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δ{sub PMNS}≈-(π/2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously à la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears.
Baryon inhomogeneities due to CP violating QCD Z(3) walls
We have investigated the possibility of generating baryon inhomogeneities in the quark-gluon plasma phase in the early universe due to CP violating scattering of quarks and anti-quarks from moving Z(3) domain walls. CP violation, here, is spontaneous in nature, and arises from the non-trivial profile of the background gauge field between different Z(3) vacua. We have calculated the spatial variation of the background gauge field across the Z(3) interface from the profile of the Polyakov loop L(x) for the Z(3) interface and determined the reflection of quarks and anti-quarks using the Dirac equation. Our results have shown that the reflection coefficients of quarks and anti-quarks can differ by a large amount. We have discussed the implications of this for baryon inhomogeneity generation from collapsing large Z(3) walls
Charming CP Violation and Dipole Operators from RS Flavor Anarchy
Delaunay, Cédric; Perez, Gilad; Randall, Lisa
2013-01-01
Recently the LHCb collaboration reported evidence for direct CP violation in charm decays. The value is sufficiently large that either substantially enhanced Standard Model contributions or non-Standard Model physics is required to explain it. In the latter case only a limited number of possibilities would be consistent with other existing flavor-changing constraints. We show that warped extra dimensional models that explain the quark spectrum through flavor anarchy can naturally give rise to contributions of the size required to explain the the LHCb result. The D meson asymmetry arises through a sizable CP-violating contribution to a chromomagnetic dipole operator. This happens naturally without introducing inconsistencies with existing constraints in the up quark sector. We discuss some subtleties in the loop calculation that are similar to those in Higgs to \\gamma\\gamma. Loop-induced dipole operators in warped scenarios and their composite analogs exhibit non-trivial dependence on the Higgs profile, with t...
Origin of Constrained Maximal CP Violation in Flavor Symmetry
He, Hong-Jian; Xu, Xun-Jie
2015-01-01
Current data from neutrino oscillation experiments are in good agreement with $\\delta=-\\pi/2$ and $\\theta_{23} = \\pi/4$. We define the notion of "constrained maximal CP violation" for these features and study their origin in flavor symmetry models. We give various parametrization-independent definitions of constrained maximal CP violation and present a theorem on how it can be generated. This theorem takes advantage of residual symmetries in the neutrino and charged lepton mass matrices, and states that, up to a few exceptions, $\\delta=\\pm\\pi/2$ and $\\theta_{23} = \\pi/4$ are generated when those symmetries are real. The often considered $\\mu$-$\\tau$ reflection symmetry, as well as specific discrete subgroups of $O(3)$, are special case of our theorem.
CP violating asymmetries in the neutral kaon decays
Amelino-Camelia, G.; Buccella, F.; D'Ambrosio, G.; Gallo, A. R.; Mangano, G.; Miragliuolo, M.
1992-03-01
We study the time dependence of the integrated asymmetries in strangeness of kaons in the decays in two and three pions and in two photons with the purpose of disentangling the CP violating effects in the decay amplitudes from the ones related to theK^0 - bar K^0 mass matrix. We find two cases where they are not reduced by the Δ I=1/2 rule or hidden by CP violation in the mass matrix, namely the strangeness-energy correlation of the charged pions in the prompt decay (τ<τ S ) in π+π-π0, and the decays in two photons. The semileptonic decays are also briefly studied.
CP violating asymmetries in the neutral kaon decays
Amelino-Camelia, G. (Boston Univ., MA (United States)); Buccella, F.; Gallo, A. (Naples Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica Teorica); D' Ambrosio, G. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Naples (Italy)); Mangano, G.; Miragliuolo, M. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Naples (Italy) Naples Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Fisiche)
1992-07-01
We study the time dependence of the integrated asymmetries in strangeness of kaons in the decays in two and three pions and in two photons with the purpose of disentangling the CP violating effects in the decay amplitudes from the ones related to the K{sup 0}-anti K{sup 0} mass matrix. We find two cases where they are not reduced by the {Delta}I=1/2 rule or hidden by CP violation in the mass matrix, namely the strangeness-energy correlation of the charged pions in the prompt decay ({tau}<{tau}{sub S}) in {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, and the decays in two photons. The semileptonic decays are also briefly studied. (orig.).
CP violating asymmetries in the neutral kaon decays
We study the time dependence of the integrated asymmetries in strangeness of kaons in the decays in two and three pions and in two photons with the purpose of disentangling the CP violating effects in the decay amplitudes from the ones related to the K0-anti K0 mass matrix. We find two cases where they are not reduced by the ΔI=1/2 rule or hidden by CP violation in the mass matrix, namely the strangeness-energy correlation of the charged pions in the prompt decay (τS) in π+π-π0, and the decays in two photons. The semileptonic decays are also briefly studied. (orig.)
Recent results on CP violation from the CPLEAR experiment
The CPLEAR experiment is aiming at precise CP violation tests using initially pure K0- and anti K0 beams from the intense source provided by the annihilation of the LEAR vector p-beam in hydrogen. The strangeness tagging efficiency and the systematic errors have been studied and found to be in agreement with the design specifications. The measurement of the differential time asymmetry of the π+ π- decays allowed the direct observation of differences in the decay rates of particles and antiparticles. The CP violating parameters were determined as vertical stroke η±vertical stroke = (2.32 ± 0.14).10-3 and φ± = 42.3 ± 4.4 . First results in the reconstruction and analysis of the neutral kaon decays into two neutral pions and the Ke3 decay are presented. (orig.)
How to Measure CP Violation in Neutrino Oscillation Experiments?
Minakata, H; Minakata, Hisakazu; Nunokawa, Hiroshi
1997-01-01
We propose a new method for measuring CP violation in neutrino oscillation experiments. The idea is to isolate the term due to the CP-violating phase out of the oscillation probability by taking difference between yields of two (or three) detectors at path-lengths $L = 250 (\\frac{E}{1.35 {GeV}}) (\\frac{\\Delta m^2}{10^{-2}{eV}^2})^{-1} {km}$ and at $L/3$ (and also at $2L/3$ in the case of three detectors). We use possible hierarchies in neutrino masses suggested by the astrophysical and the cosmological observations to motivate the idea and to examine how the method works.
Experiments on CP violation with B-mesons
This paper discusses: what is the optimum asymmetry of an asymmetric B-factory, and what luminosity is required to observe CP violation if it is due to a phase in the Kobayashi-Maskawa (KM) matrix. The most promising scheme for the observation of CP violation of B-mesons relies on the measurement of the time evolution of their decays, and thus on the detection of their decay vertices. This can be achieved with an asymmetric B-factory. In an asymmetric B-factory e+ and e- are collided with different energies E1 and E2. Thus, the resulting Y(4S) state, which is the source of the B-mesons. For any given reaction there exists an optimum boost, where the maximum experimental significance is reached. The position of this optimum depends on details of the reaction. The authors found, however, that this optimum lies always above βγ = 0.9
Gluino mass and CP violation in supersymmetric models
We consider the 'old' phenomenon of CP violation in the K0-anti K0 system which has recently received a considerable amount of interest in view of the unexpectedly long B lifetime. Being the SUSY contribution dominated by gluino (g tilde) and squark (q tilde) insertions in the box diagram, we find it appropriate to start by summarizing our knowledge on the gluino mass which plays a discriminatory role among different SUSY models. (orig./HSI)
A Short Guide to Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Lee, Seung J
2015-01-01
We present the invited lectures given at the second Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics (AEPSHEP), which took place in Puri, India in November 2014. The series of lectures aimed at graduate students in particle experiment/theory, covering the very basics of flavor physics and CP violation, some useful theoretical methods such as OPE and effective field theories, and some selected topics of flavour physics in the era of LHC.
Spontaneous CP Violation in the U(3) NJL Model
Kruglov, S I
2003-01-01
With the help of the functional integration method, the formation of scalar, pseudoscalar condensates, and dynamical symmetry breaking in the U(3) four-fermion model has been investigated. We show the possibility of spontaneous CP symmetry violation in the model under consideration. The bosonization procedures of the model are performed; the propagators of quarks, scalar and pseudoscalar fields are calculated in one loop approximation. The masses of the scalar and pseudoscalar mesons are evaluated.
Exploring Leptonic CP Violation by Reactor and Neutrino Superbeam Experiments
Minakata, Hisakazu; Sugiyama, Hiroaki(Maskawa Institute for Science and Culture, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan)
2003-01-01
We point out the possibility that reactor measurement of theta_{13}, when combined with high-statistics nu_e appearance accelerator experiments, can detect leptonic CP violation. Our proposal is based on a careful statistical analysis under reasonable assumptions on systematic errors, assuming 2 years running of the neutrino mode J-PARC -> Hyper-Kamiokande experiment and a few years running of a reactor experiment with 100 ton detectors at the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant. We show t...
CP violation and B mixing in CDF-II
In March 2001, the Tevatron at Fermilab will start a new run at √s = 2.0 TeV, delivering an integrated luminosity of 2 fb-1 in the first two years and more than 15 fb-1 in the following years, before the start of LHC at CERN. CDF has been upgraded to cope with the new physics program. The authors present here the prospects for measuring B mixing and CP violation during the upcoming run
CP violation and B mixing in CDF-II
In March 2001, the Tevatron at Fermilab will start a new run at √s = 2.0 TeV, delivering an integrated luminosity of 2 fb-1 in the first two years and more than 15 fb-1 in the following years, before the start of LHC at CERN. CDF has been upgraded to cope with the new physics program. We present here the prospects for measuring B mixing and CP violation during the upcoming Run
Rare Decays and CP Violation in the Bs System
Borissov, Guennadi; Fleischer, Robert; Schune, Marie-Hélène
2013-10-01
CP-violating phenomena and rare decays of B0s mesons offer interesting probes to test the quark-flavor sector of the Standard Model. In view of the many new results reported, in particular from the Large Hadron Collider, this topic received a great deal of attention in 2012. We provide an overview of the most recent experimental results and new theoretical developments, and we discuss the prospects for future exploration of the B0s meson system.
Neutron-Antineutron Oscillation as a Signal of CP Violation
Berezhiani, Zurab; Vainshtein, Arkady
2015-01-01
Assuming the Lorentz and CPT invariances we show that neutron-antineutron oscillation implies breaking of CP along with baryon number violation -- i.e. two of Sakharov conditions for baryogenesis. The oscillation is produced by the unique operator in the effective Hamiltonian. This operator mixing neutron and antineutron preserves charge conjugation C and breaks P and T. External magnetic field always leads to suppression of oscillations. Its presence does not lead to any new operator mixing ...
CP Violation: The CKM Matrix and New Physics
Wyler, Daniel
2002-01-01
Loop corrections for physics beyond the Standard Model are computed. DWe discuss the influence of new physics on CP-violating observables. Assuming the standard model gives a correct description of tree level processes, we show how a consistent procedure can determine the parameters of the standard model and check its validity also in loop induced processes. A method to include new physics in a systematic way is sketched.
Experimental possibilities for observation of CP violation in B decay
The detection and the measurement of CP violation in the decays of B hadrons will require the accumulation of large numbers of B decays in particular exclusive modes. The potential of beauty hadroproduction experiments for obtaining these large data samples is examined in the context of various trigger and analysis strategies. The possibilities for doing such experiments at present hadron machines is compared with the potential for such experiments at the SSC. 3 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs
This was the particle physics that was: The years from P and C violation to CP violation
This paper contains lecture notes given by Gary Feinberg on the historical aspect of the violation of P and C invariance and more recently the violation of CP invariance. (LSP) 13 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs
The CP-odd nucleon interaction and the value of T-violation in nuclei
Gudkov, V. P.
1996-01-01
The relations between the value of T- and P-violating correlations in neutron scattering and different models of CP violation are discussed. It is shown that a specific structure of CP-odd interactions gives the possibility to obtain the essential information about CP-odd interaction at the quark-gluon level from nuclear experimental data. The up-to-date estimations for CP- violating nucleon coupling constants show that CP violation in neutron scattering is sensitive to many models of CP viol...
Models of neutrino mass, mixing and CP violation
King, Stephen F.
2015-12-01
In this topical review we argue that neutrino mass and mixing data motivates extending the Standard Model (SM) to include a non-Abelian discrete flavour symmetry in order to accurately predict the large leptonic mixing angles and {C}{P} violation. We begin with an overview of the SM puzzles, followed by a description of some classic lepton mixing patterns. Lepton mixing may be regarded as a deviation from tri-bimaximal mixing, with charged lepton corrections leading to solar mixing sum rules, or tri-maximal lepton mixing leading to atmospheric mixing rules. We survey neutrino mass models, using a roadmap based on the open questions in neutrino physics. We then focus on the seesaw mechanism with right-handed neutrinos, where sequential dominance (SD) can account for large lepton mixing angles and {C}{P} violation, with precise predictions emerging from constrained SD (CSD). We define the flavour problem and discuss progress towards a theory of favour using GUTs and discrete family symmetry. We classify models as direct, semidirect or indirect, according to the relation between the Klein symmetry of the mass matrices and the discrete family symmetry, in all cases focussing on spontaneous {C}{P} violation. Finally we give two examples of realistic and highly predictive indirect models with CSD, namely an A to Z of flavour with Pati-Salam and a fairly complete A 4 × SU(5) SUSY GUT of flavour, where both models have interesting implications for leptogenesis.
Baryogenesis from Strong CP Violation and the QCD Axion
Servant, Geraldine
2014-01-01
The strong CP-violating parameter is small today as indicated by constraints on the neutron electric dipole moment. In the early universe, the QCD axion has not yet relaxed to its QCD-cancelling minimum and it is natural to wonder whether this large CP violation could be responsible for baryogenesis. We show that strong CP violation from the QCD axion can be responsible for the matter antimatter asymmetry of the universe in the context of cold EW baryogenesis if the EW phase transition is delayed below the GeV scale. This can occur naturally if the Higgs couples to a O(100) GeV dilaton, as expected in some models where the Higgs is a pseudo-Nambu Goldstone boson of a new strongly interacting sector at the TeV scale. The only new relevant ingredients beyond the Standard Model in our framework are the QCD axion and an EW scale dilaton-like scalar field. The existence of such a second scalar resonance with a mass and properties similar to the Higgs boson will soon be tested at the LHC. Our conclusions are indepe...
Quark sector CP violation of the universal seesaw model
Kawasaki, Ryomu; Umeeda, Hiroyuki
2013-01-01
We study the CP violation of universal seesaw model, especially its quark sector. The model is based on SU(2)_L \\times SU(2)_R \\times U(1)_{Y^\\prime}. In order to count the number of parameters in quark sector, we use the degree of freedom of weak basis transformation. For N(3)-generation model, the number of CP violating phase in quark sector is identified as 3N^2-3N+1 (19). We also construct nineteen CP violating weak basis invariants of Yukawa coupling matrices and SU(2) singlet quark mass matrices in the three-generation universal seesaw model. The quark interaction terms induced by neutral currents are given as an exact formula. Both of the charged current and the neutral current are expressed in terms of the mass basis by finding the transformations from weak basis to mass basis. Finally, we calculate the mixing matrix element approximately assuming that the SU(2)_R breaking scale v_R is much larger than the electro-weak breaking scale v_L.
CP violation and mixing in charm decays at Belle
Ko, Byeong Rok [Korea University (Korea, Republic of)
2010-07-01
We have searched for CP violation of charmed mesons in the decays D {yields} K{sup 0}{sub S} P, where D denotes D{sup 0}, D{sup +} and D{sub s}{sup +}, and P denotes the pseudo-scalar mesons {pi}{sup +}, K{sup +}, {pi}{sup 0}, {eta} and {eta}'. No evidence of CP violation in these decays is observed. We have measured the CP asymmetry difference between the Cabibbo suppressed decay D{sup +} {yields} {phi} {pi}{sup +} and the Cabibbo favored D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {phi} {pi}{sup +} decays. The measured asymmetry is corrected for the residual asymmetry due to detector effects, and the contributions of both CP and forward-backward asymmetries are determined. We also present a measurement of D{sup 0}-anti-D{sup 0} mixing parameters in three-body D{sup 0} decays using a time-dependent Dalitz plot analysis. These results are obtained on a large data sample collected at and near the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance with the Belle detector operating at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e{sup +} e{sup -} collider. (author)
Generalized Dirac duality and CP violation in a two photon theory
Arias, P; Gamboa, J; Mendez, F
2016-01-01
A kinetic mixing term, which generalizes the duality symmetry of Dirac, is studied in a theory with two photons (visible and hidden). This theory can be either CP conserving or CP violating depending on the transformation of fields in the hidden sector. However if CP is violated, it necessarily occurs in the hidden sector. This opens up an interesting possibility of new sources of CP violation.
Measurement of direct CP violation in the NA48 experiment
The 2 first chapters of this thesis are dedicated to the theoretical and experimental aspects of CP violation. The NA48 experiment is a third generation experiment like KTeV, NA48 has been designed to collect data concerning the simultaneous detection of the 4 decay modes: KL,S → ππ and to provide the measurement of the parameter of direct CP violation with an uncertainty nearing 2*10-4. The third chapter describes the experimental equipment of NA48 in CERN: the production of KL and KS beams, the tagging system, the detection system for K → π+π-, the detection system for K → π0π0, the data acquisition system, and the trigger system. Chapter 4 is dedicated to the selection and identification of events. Chapter 5 deals with specific problems concerning the detection of π+π-, it means: the dead time in the triggering system, the overflow of the chamber reading system and the inefficiency of shift chambers. Chapter 6 lists the different corrections and systematic errors concerning the double ratio R, and gives the following result: Re(ε'/ε=(14.4±2.6)*10-4 which is by itself, for the first time, an evidence of direct violation. (A.C.)
CP Violation in the $B_s^0$ system
Artuso, Marina; Lenz, Alexander
2015-01-01
We review experimental and theoretical aspects of CP violation in the $B_s^0$-system. In that respect we present updates for the mixing parameters of the $B_s^0$ mesons expected in the Standard Model (SM): the mass difference $\\Delta M_s^{\\rm SM} = (18.3 \\pm 2.7)$ ps$^{-1}$, the decay rate difference $\\Delta \\Gamma_s^{\\rm SM} = (0.085 \\pm 0.015)$ ps$^{-1}$, the flavour specific CP asymmetry $a_{\\rm fs}^{s, \\rm SM} = (2.22 \\pm 0.27) \\cdot 10^{-5}$ and the equivalent quantities in the $B^0$-sector. The experimental measurements of $\\Delta M_s$ and $\\Delta \\Gamma_s$ are more precise and agree very well with theoretica predictions, which can also be viewed as a proof of theoretical tools, like the Heavy Quark Expansion (HQE). CP violating studies in the $B_s^0$ system provide essential information to test the SM expectations. Mixing quantities can be used to study model independent bounds on new physics (NP) effects, yielding the familiar picture: the standard model (SM) gives the dominant contribution, while the...
QCD Approach to B → Dπ Decays and CP Violation
The branching ratios and CP violations of the B → Dπ decays, including both the color-allowed and the color-suppressed modes, are investigated in detail within QCD framework by considering all diagrams that lead to three effective currents of two quarks. An intrinsic mass scale as a dynamical gluon mass is introduced to treat the infrared divergence caused by the soft collinear approximation in the endpoint regions, and the Cutkosky rule is adopted to deal with a physical-region singularity of the on mass-shell quark propagators. When the dynamical gluon mass μg is regarded as a universal scale, it is extracted to be around μg = 440 MeV from one of the well-measured B → Dπ decay modes. The resulting predictions for all branching ratios are in agreement with the current experimental measurements. As these decays have no penguin contributions, there are no direct CP asymmetries. Due to interference between the Cabibbo-suppressed and the Cabibbo-favored amplitudes, mixing-induced CP violations are predicted in the B → D±πmp decays to be consistent with the experimental data at 1-σ level. More precise measurements will be helpful to extracting weak angle 2β + γ.
Generalised geometrical CP violation in a T′ lepton flavour model
We analyse the interplay of generalised CP transformations and the non-Abelian discrete group T′ and use the semi-direct product Gf=T′⋊HCP, as family symmetry acting in the lepton sector. The family symmetry is shown to be spontaneously broken in a geometrical manner. In the resulting flavour model, naturally small Majorana neutrino masses for the light active neutrinos are obtained through the type I see-saw mechanism. The known masses of the charged leptons, lepton mixing angles and the two neutrino mass squared differences are reproduced by the model with a good accuracy. The model allows for two neutrino mass spectra with normal ordering (NO) and one with inverted ordering (IO). For each of the three spectra the absolute scale of neutrino masses is predicted with relatively small uncertainty. The value of the Dirac CP violation (CPV) phase δ in the lepton mixing matrix is predicted to be δ≅π/2 or 3π/2. Thus, the CP violating effects in neutrino oscillations are predicted to be maximal (given the values of the neutrino mixing angles) and experimentally observable. We present also predictions for the sum of the neutrino masses, for the Majorana CPV phases and for the effective Majorana mass in neutrinoless double beta decay. The predictions of the model can be tested in a variety of ongoing and future planned neutrino experiments
CP violations in π± meson decay
We study the pion decays with intermediate on-shell neutrinos N into two electrons and a muon, π± → e±N → e±e±μ∓ν. We investigate the branching ratios Br± = [Γ(π− → e−e−μ+ν) ± Γ(π+ → e+e+μ−ν)]/Γ(π− → all) and the CP asymmetry ratio ACP=Br−/Br+ for such decays, in the scenario with two different on-shell neutrinos. If N is Dirac, only the lepton number conserving (LC) decays contribute (LC: ν = νe or ν-bar e); if N is Majorana, both LC and lepton number violating (LV) decays contribute (LV: ν= ν-bar μ or ν = νμ). The results show that the CP asymmetry ACP is in general very small, but increases and becomes ∼1 when the masses of the two intermediate neutrinos get closer to each other, i.e., when their mass difference becomes comparable with their decay width, ΔMN not >> ΓN. The observation of CP violation in pion decays would be consistent with the existence of the well-motivated νMSM model with two almost degenerate heavy neutrinos. (paper)
A time-dependent measurement of charm CP violation at LHCb
Smith, M
2014-01-01
A time dependent analysis of CP violation in charm mesons is presented through the measurement of the observable $A_{\\Gamma}$. This observable involves precise measurements of the D0 lifetime as it decays to a CP eigenstate. The results presented are the most precise to date. No CP violation is observed.
LHCb: Search for CP violation in $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$ decays at LHCb
Gordon, Hamish
2012-01-01
A model-independent search for direct CP violation in the Cabibbo suppressed decay $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$ in a sample of approximately 370,000 decays is described. The normalized Dalitz plot distributions for $D^+$ and $D^-$ are compared using four different binning schemes that are sensitive to different manifestations of CP violation. No evidence for CP asymmetry is found.
Lambda-antilambda decay asymmetries and CP violation
The exclusive reaction /bar p/p → /bar Lambda/Λ is an interesting laboratory in which to study both spin physics and fundamental symmetries. The PS185 collaboration at LEAR has been exploiting this fact for the last few years in an ongoing program of hyperon-antihyperon production. The motivation for this study will be outlined and the experimental technique will be described. Spin physics aspects such as the measurements of the outgoing hyperon polarization and preliminary determinations of spin correlation coefficients will be presented. Fundamental symmetry checks such as lifetime differences between Λ and /bar Lambda/ (CPT) and decay properties (CP) will be discussed. A future experiment which is quite sensitive to CP violation in a hyperon-antihyperon system will be mentioned. 15 refs., 4 figs
CP violation due to new ΔB = 1 amplitudes
The authors make a systematic analysis of the effects of new physics in the B decay amplitudes on the CP asymmetries in neutral B decays. Although these are expected to be smaller than new physics effects on the mixing amplitude, they are easier to probe in some cases. The effects of new contributions to the mixing amplitude are felt universally across all decay modes, whereas the effects of new decay amplitudes could vary from mode to mode. In particular the prediction that the CP asymmetries in the B decay modes with b → c anti cs, b → c anti cd, b → c anti ud and b → s anti ss should all measure the same quantity (sin 2β in the Standard Model) could be violated
CP violation and the Cabibbo angle in the quaternion model
Chkareuli, D.L.
1979-01-20
The quark mass matrix in the gauge model of the quaternion fields is investigated. The model requires introduction of eight quark states. The discrete M symmetry, which does not allow mixing of ''light'' u, d, s, and c quarks with the ''heavy'' t, b, t', and b' quarks, is discussed. A spontaneous CP violation in the peaks of the interaction of the Higgs bosons with the scalar quark current d-bars occurs in the sector of the ''light'' quarks. The Cabibbo angle theta/sub c/ =arc tan(m/sub d//m/sub s/)/sup 1/2/-arc tan(m/sub u//m/sub c/)/sup 1/2/ is calculated within the limit of CP invariance.
Simulating a CP-violating topological term in gauge theories
We present recent results on the θ-dependence of four-dimensional SU(N) gauge theories, where θ is the coefficient of the CP-violating topological term in the Lagrangian. In particular, we study the scaling behavior of these theories, by Monte Carlo simulations at imaginary θ. The numerical results provide good evidence of scaling in the continuum limit. The imaginary θ dependence of the ground-state energy turns out to be well described by the first few terms of related expansions around θ = 0, providing accurate estimates of the first few coefficients, up to O(θ6).
Simulating a CP-violating topological term in gauge theories
Panagopoulos, Haralambos
2011-01-01
We present recent results on the theta-dependence of four-dimensional SU(N) gauge theories, where theta is the coefficient of the CP-violating topological term in the Lagrangian. In particular, we study the scaling behavior of these theories, by Monte Carlo simulations at imaginary theta. The numerical results provide good evidence of scaling in the continuum limit. The imaginary theta dependence of the ground-state energy turns out to be well described by the first few terms of related expansions around theta=0, providing accurate estimates of the first few coefficients, up to O(theta^6).
Composite two-Higgs model with dynamical CP-violation
Andrianov, A A; Yudichev, V L
1996-01-01
Quark models with four-fermion interaction including derivatives of fields are exploited as prototypes for composite-Higgs extensions of the Standard Model. In the non-trivial case of two- and four-derivative insertions the dynamical breaking of chiral symmetry occurs in two channels, giving rise to two composite Higgs doublets. For special configuration of four-fermion coupling constants the dynamical CP-violation in the Higgs sector appears as a result of complexity of two v.e.v. for Higgs doublets. In this scenario the second Higgs doublet is regarded as a radial excitation of the first one.
Difficulties for a simple picture of spontaneous CP violation
We show that vertical stroke epsilon'/epsilon vertical stroke is unacceptably large in SU(2)sub(L) x U(1) models with spontaneous CP violation and natural flavor conservation in neutral Higgs-particle interactions if it is assumed that charmed quark intermediate states contribute significantly and that Msub(W)2 >> Msub(H)2 >> Msub(C)2. From the quark operator structure of box and penguin graphs involving Higgs-particle exchange, we demonstrate that pseudoscalar current matrix elements cannot be enhanced over axial-current matrix elements as has been previously assumed in similar calculations. Alternate ways to evaluate the matrix elements are employed. (orig.)
Suppression of 0ν2β decay from CP violation
The observed phenomenon of neutrino oscillations is interpreted as the proof that neutrinos must have mass. As this is true for the neutrinos in the mass basis, the mass matrix in the flavor (weak) basis may still contain zeros. This can happen if the CP violating phases, usually neglected, come into play and result in suppression of processes which half-life depends on the masses of νe, νμ, or ντ. In the present paper we investigate the possibility of such suppression of the neutrinoless double beta decay (0ν2β). (author)
Observation of CP violation in B±→DK± decays
An analysis of B±→DK± and B±→Dπ± decays is presented where the D meson is reconstructed in the two-body final states: K±π-Or +, K+K- and π+π-. Using 1.0 fb-1 of √(s)=7 TeV pp collisions, measurements of several observables are made including the first observation of the suppressed mode B±→[π±K- Or+]DK±. CP violation in B±→DK± decays is observed with 5.8σ significance.
CP violation and flavour mixing in the standard model
We review and update the constraints on the parameters of the quark flavour mixing matrix VCKM in the standard model and estimate the resulting CP asymmetries in B decays, taking into account recent experimental and theoretical developments. In performing our fits, we use inputs from the measurements of the following quantities: (i) vertical stroke εvertical stroke , the CP-violating parameter in K decays, (ii) ΔMd, the mass difference due to the B0d- anti B0d mixing, (iii) the matrix elements vertical stroke Vcbvertical stroke and vertical stroke Vubvertical stroke , (iv) B-hadron lifetimes, and (v) the top quark mass. The experimental input in points (ii) - (v) has improved compared to our previous fits. With the updated CKM matrix we present the currently-allowed range of the ratios vertical stroke Vtd/Vtsvertical stroke and vertical stroke Vtd/Vubvertical stroke , as well as the standard model predictions for the Bs0- anti Bs0 mixing parameter xs, (or, equivalently, ΔMs) and the quantities sin 2α, sin 2β and sin2 γ, which characterize the CP-asymmetries in B-decays. Various theoretical issues related to the so-called ''penguin-pollution'', which are of importance for the determination of the phases α and γ from the CP-asymmetries in B decays, are also discussed. (orig.)
Theoretical Aspects of Flavour and CP Violation in the Lepton Sector
Feruglio, Ferruccio
2015-01-01
We review flavour and CP violations in the lepton sector as probes of new physics beyond the standard model and its minimal extensions accommodating massive neutrinos. After recalling the main experimental bounds and the future perspectives, we summarize the limits on a set of dimension-six gauge-invariant operators, pointing to a scale of new physics much larger than the electroweak scale. If we insist on having new physics at the TeV scale, as demanded by most of the standard model extensions addressing the gauge hierarchy problem, we should rely on special mechanisms to deplete flavour and CP violations in the charged lepton sector. We comment on the capability of partial compositeness in reconciling the absence of signals with a scale of new physics accessible to the LHC.
Exponential parameterization of neutrino mixing matrix with account for CP-violation data
Zhukovsky, K
2016-01-01
The exponential parameterization of Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata mixing matrix for neutrino is discussed. The exponential form allows easy factorization and separate analysis of the CP-violating and Majorana terms. Based upon the recent experimental data on the neutrino mixing, the values for the exponential parameterization matrix for neutrinos are determined. The matrix entries for the pure rotational part in charge of the mixing without CP-violation are derived. The complementarity hypothesis for quarks and neutrinos is demonstrated. The comparison of the results, based on most recent and on old data is held. The CP-violating parameter value is estimated, based on the so far imprecise experimental indications, regarding CP-violation for neutrinos. The unitarity of the exponential parameterisation and the CP-violating term transform is confirmed. The transform of the neutrino mass state vector by the exponential matrix with account for CP-violation is shown.
The investigation of CP violation through the decay of polarized tau leptons II
Tsai, Y.S.
1996-05-01
Under the assumption that CP violation is caused by exchange of anew boson, the authors propose to measure the magnitudes and CP-violating phases of the coupling constants of this boson to five different vertices in tau decay. This can be accomplished by studying the decay of polarized tau leptons produced at an e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collider whose beams are polarized. These five coupling constants could be used to construct a future theory of CP violation. If CP is violated in any channel of tau decay, it will imply that there exists a new charged boson other than the W boson responsible for CP violation. It will also imply that CP violation is much more prevalent than the standard theory predicts and this may enable one to understand the preponderance of matter over antimatter in the present universe.
Searches for New Sources of CP and T Violation at BABAR
We present recent results from searches for new sources of CP and T violation from the B, charm, and τ sectors from BABAR. From the B sector, we search for CP violation in B decays to three kaons, and to Kℓ+ℓ−, and present the first direct observation of T violation using B0→J/ψK0. In the charm sector, we search for a T-odd correlation in D+ decays to K+K0π+π−. And in the τ sector, we measure CP violation in τ− decays to K0π−ντ. Highlights of these new results include the world's first observation of T violation that is fully experimentally independent of CP violation, and a 3.1σ deviation from the Standard Model predictions for CP violation in τ−→K0π−ντ
CP violation in the B meson system and prospects at an asymmetric B meson factory
An overview of the expected phenomenology of CP violation in the B system is presented. The prospects for observing CP-violating signals at an asymmetric B-Factory are analyzed. It is shown how these phenomena can be used to test the unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix, and to either verify the Standard Model mechanism of CP violation or provide clear evidence for new physics. (authors) 72 refs., 12 figs., 8 tabs
An Effective Operators Analysis of CP Violation The Semileptonic Case
Chang, W F; Chang, We-Fu; Ng, John N.
2005-01-01
Aiming at a model-independent analysis of possible new physics effects in semileptonic processes at various energy scales, we list and study a complete set of $SU(3)_c\\times SU(2)_L\\times U(1)_Y$ invariant 4-Fermi operators which consist of a pair of quarks and a pair of leptons above the electroweak symmetry breaking. We give a full 1-loop renormalization group treatment of the evolution of the Wilson coefficients associated with these 4-Fermi operators between low energy ($\\sim$ meson masses) and the cutoff scale $\\Lambda$, $\\sim (1-10)$ TeV, where we assume new degree of freedom beyond standard model will begin to appear and an ultra-violet completion of our effective theory will take place. Motivated by the existing phenomenological bounds, we argue that the new CP violation can only stem from the scalar and tensor types of 4-Fermi interaction. Some interesting constraints are obtained by studying the universality of kaon and pion leptonic decays, CP violating polarization of $K^+_{\\mu 3}$, charged lepton...
Models of Neutrino Mass, Mixing and CP Violation
King, Stephen F
2015-01-01
In this topical review we argue that neutrino mass and mixing data motivates extending the Standard Model to include a non-Abelian discrete flavour symmetry in order to accurately predict the large leptonic mixing angles and CP violation. We begin with an overview of the Standard Model puzzles, followed by a description of some classic lepton mixing patterns. Lepton mixing may be regarded as a deviation from tri-bimaximal mixing, with charged lepton corrections leading to solar mixing sum rules, or tri-maximal lepton mixing leading to atmospheric mixing rules. We survey neutrino mass models, using a roadmap based on the open questions in neutrino physics. We then focus on the seesaw mechanism with right-handed neutrinos, where sequential dominance (SD) can account for large lepton mixing angles and CP violation, with precise predictions emerging from constrained SD (CSD). We define the flavour problem and discuss progress towards a theory of flavour using GUTs and discrete family symmetry. We classify models ...
QCD Approach to B→Dπ Decays and CP Violation
AN Hai-Xia; SU Fang; CAI Chong-Hai; WU Yue-Liang; YANG Ya-Dong; ZHUANG Ci
2008-01-01
The branching ratios and CP violations of the B → Dπ decays, including both the color-allowed and the color-suppressed modes, are investigated in detail within QCD framework by considering all diagrams that lead to three effective currents of two quarks. An intrinsic mass scale as a dynamical gluon mass is introduced to treat the infrared divergence caused by the soft collinear approximation in the endpoint regions, and the Cutkosky rule is adopted to deal with a physical-region singularity of the on mass-shell quark propagators. When the dynamical gluon mass μg is regarded as a universal scale, it is extracted to be around μg = 440 MeV from one of the well-measured B → Dπ decay modes. The resulting predictions for all branching ratios are in agreement with the current experimental measurements. As these decays have no penguin contributions, there are no direct CP asymmetries. Due to interference between the Cabibbo-suppressed and the Cabibbo-favored amplitudes, mixing-induced C P violations are predicted in the B → D±π+decays to be consistent with the experimental data at 1-a level. More precise measurements will be helpful to extractingweak angle 2β + γ.
The role of CP violating annihilations in baryogenesis - case study of the neutron portal
Baldes, Iason; Millar, Alexander; Petraki, Kalliopi; Volkas, Raymond R
2014-01-01
Many baryogenesis scenarios invoke the charge parity (CP) violating out-of-equilibrium decay of a heavy particle in order to explain the baryon asymmetry. Such scenarios will in general also allow CP violating annihilations. We study the effect of these CP violating annihilations on the final asymmetry in a neutron portal scenario. We solve the Boltzmann equations governing the evolution of the baryon number numerically and show that the CP violating annihilations play a dominant role in a significant portion of the parameter space.
The investigation of CP violation through the decay of polarized tau leptons
Under the assumption that CP violation is caused by exchange of a new boson, the author proposes to measure the magnitudes and CP-violating phases of the coupling constants of this boson to five different vertices in tau decay. This can be accomplished by studying the decays of polarized tau leptons produced at an e+ e- collider whose beams are polarized. He points out that CP violation in the tau decay tests most directly the assumption in the standard theory that the imaginary numbers in the mass matrix is the sole cause of CP violation
The investigation of CP violation through the decay of polarized tau leptons
Tsai, Y.S.
1996-03-01
Under the assumption that CP violation is caused by exchange of a new boson, the author proposes to measure the magnitudes and CP-violating phases of the coupling constants of this boson to five different vertices in tau decay. This can be accomplished by studying the decays of polarized tau leptons produced at an e{sup +} e{sup {minus}} collider whose beams are polarized. He points out that CP violation in the tau decay tests most directly the assumption in the standard theory that the imaginary numbers in the mass matrix is the sole cause of CP violation.
Soft CP violation and the global matter-antimatter symmetry of the universe
Senjanovic, G.; Stecker, F. W.
1980-01-01
Scenarios for baryon production are considered within the context of SU(5) and SO(10) grand unified theories where CP violation arises spontaneously. The spontaneous CP symmetry breaking then results in a matter-antimatter domain structure in the universe. Two possible, distinct types of theories of soft CP violation are defined. In the first type the CP nonconservation originates only from the breaking of SU(2) sub L X U(1) symmetry, and in the second type, even at the unification temperature scale, CP violation can emerge as a result of symmetry breaking by the vacuum expectation values of the superheavy Higgs sector scalars.
CP violation measurements in B mesons at Belle
We present recent measurements of time-dependent CP asymmetries in two neutral B decay modes: B0 → η'K0 and B0 → ωK°S. The measured values of mixing-induced (sin 2φ1eff) and direct CP violation parameters are: Sη'Ko = +0.68 ± 0.07stat ± 0.03syst, Aη'K0 = +0.03 ± 0.05stat ± 0.04syst and SωK0S = +0.91 ± 0.32stat ± 0.05syst, AωK0S = -0.36 ± 0.19stat ± 0.05syst, respectively. These results are fully consistent with the current world average of sin 2φ1 measured in b → c c-bar s transitions, and represent the most accurate measurements in these modes up-to- date. In addition, we present a new preliminary update on branching ratio measurement in B0 → π0π0 decay mode, the result of which: B(B0 → π0π0) = (0.90 ± 0.12stat ± 0.10syst) × 10−6 represents an important ingredient in a ππSU(2) isospin analysis, used to experimentally extract φ2 angle from B → ππ measurements. To obtain CP violation parameters (B(B0 → π0π0)) the final data set of 772 × 106 (751.5 × 106) B B-bar pairs collected at the Υ(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e+e− collider in Japan (3.5 × 8.0GeV) is used
Rare top decay and CP violation in THDM
Gaitán, R; Y., J H Montes de Oca; Romo, S Rodriguez
2013-01-01
We discuss the formalism of two Higgs doublet model type III with CP violation from CP-even CP-odd mixing in the neutral Higgs bosons. The flavor changing interactions among neutral Higgs bosons and fermions are presented at tree level in this type of model. These assumptions allow the study rare top decays mediated by neutral Higgs bosons, particularly we are interested in $t\\rightarrow c l^+l^-$. For this process we estimated upper bounds of the branching ratios $\\textrm{Br}(t\\rightarrow c \\tau^+\\tau^-)$ of the order of $10^{-9}\\sim 10^{-7}$ for a neutral Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV and $\\tan\\beta=1$, 1.5, 2, 2.5. For the case of $t\\rightarrow c \\tau^+\\tau^-$ the number of possible events is estimated from 1 to 10 events which could be observed in future experiments at LHC with a luminosity of 300 $\\textrm{fb}^{-1}$ and 14 GeV for the energy of the center of mass. Also we estimate that the number of events for the process $t\\rightarrow c l^+l^-$ in different scenarios is of order of $2500$.
General flavor blind minimal supersymmetric standard model and CP violation
We study the implications on flavor changing neutral current and CP violating processes in the context of supersymmetric theories without a new flavor structure (flavor blind supersymmetry). The low-energy parameters are determined by the running of the soft breaking terms from the grand unified scale with supersymmetric (SUSY) phases consistent with the electric dipole moment constraints. We find that the CP asymmetry in b→sγ can reach large values potentially measurable at B factories, especially in the low BR(b→sγ) region, while the contributions to electric dipole moments are kept under control through a cancellation mechanism. We perform a fit of the unitarity triangle including all the relevant observables. In this case, no sizable deviations from the standard model expectations are found. Finally, we analyze the SUSY contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon pointing out its impact on the b→sγ CP asymmetry and on the SUSY spectrum including chargino and top squark masses
LEP Limits on CP-Violating Non-Minimal Higgs Sectors
Gunion, J F; Grzadkowski, B.; Haber, H. E.; Kalinowski, J.
1997-01-01
We derive a sum rule which shows how to extend LEP limits on the masses of the lightest CP-even and CP-odd Higgs bosons of a CP-conserving two-Higgs-doublet model to any two Higgs bosons of a general CP-violating two-Higgs-doublet model. We generalize the analysis to a Higgs sector consisting of an arbitrary number of Higgs doublets and singlets, giving explicit limits for the CP-conserving and CP-violating two-doublet plus one-singlet Higgs sectors.
CP violation in bilinear R-parity violation and its consequences for the early universe
Supersymmetric models with bilinear R-parity violation (BRpV) provide a framework for neutrino masses and mixing angles to explain neutrino oscillation data. We consider CP violation within the new physical phases in BRpV and discuss their effect on the generation of neutrino masses and the decays of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), being a light neutralino with mass ∝100 GeV, at next-to-leading order. The decays affect the lepton and via sphaleron transitions the baryon asymmetry in the early universe. For a rather light LSP, asymmetries generated before the electroweak phase transition via e.g. the Affleck-Dine mechanism are reduced up to two orders of magnitude, but are still present. On the other hand, the decays of a light LSP themselves can account for the generation of a lepton and baryon asymmetry, the latter in accordance to the observation in our universe, since the smallness of the BRpV parameters allows for an out-of-equilibrium decay and sufficiently large CP violation is possible consistent with experimental bounds from the non-observation of electric dipole-moments.
CP violation in bilinear R-parity violation and its consequences for the early universe
Cheriguene, Asma; Porod, Werner
2014-01-01
Supersymmetric models with bilinear R-parity violation (BRpV) provide a framework for neutrino masses and mixing angles to explain neutrino oscillation data. We consider CP violation within the new physical phases in BRpV and discuss their effect on the generation of neutrino masses and the decays of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), being a light neutralino with mass $\\sim 100$ GeV, at next-to-leading order. The decays affect the lepton and via sphaleron transitions the baryon asymmetry in the early universe. For a rather light LSP, asymmetries generated before the electroweak phase transition via e.g. the Affleck-Dine mechanism are reduced up to two orders of magnitude, but are still present. On the other hand, the decays of a light LSP themselves can account for the generation of a lepton and baryon asymmetry, the latter in accordance to the observation in our universe, since the smallness of the BRpV parameters allows for an out-of-equilibrium decay and sufficiently large CP violation is possibl...
CP violation in bilinear R-parity violation and its consequences for the early universe
Cheriguene, Asma; Porod, Werner [Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik; Liebler, Stefan [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
2014-06-15
Supersymmetric models with bilinear R-parity violation (BRpV) provide a framework for neutrino masses and mixing angles to explain neutrino oscillation data. We consider CP violation within the new physical phases in BRpV and discuss their effect on the generation of neutrino masses and the decays of the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), being a light neutralino with mass ∝100 GeV, at next-to-leading order. The decays affect the lepton and via sphaleron transitions the baryon asymmetry in the early universe. For a rather light LSP, asymmetries generated before the electroweak phase transition via e.g. the Affleck-Dine mechanism are reduced up to two orders of magnitude, but are still present. On the other hand, the decays of a light LSP themselves can account for the generation of a lepton and baryon asymmetry, the latter in accordance to the observation in our universe, since the smallness of the BRpV parameters allows for an out-of-equilibrium decay and sufficiently large CP violation is possible consistent with experimental bounds from the non-observation of electric dipole-moments.
CP Violation in the B System : Status and Perspectives
Fleischer, Robert
2005-01-01
In this decade, the exploration of CP violation is governed by the B-meson system, where non-leptonic decays play an outstanding role. To set the stage, we have first a look at the main strategies to circumvent the calculation of the relevant hadronic matrix elements in these studies, and discuss popular avenues for physics beyond the Standard Model to enter the roadmap of quark-flavour physics. We are then well prepared to analyze puzzles in the data for B -> phi K and B -> pi K decays, and to discuss b -> d penguin processes, which represent a new territory for the B-factory studies. Finally, we turn to the physics potential of the Bs-meson system, which can be fully exploited at the LHC.
Searching for new physics with CP violating B decays
The author explores the possibility of using CP violation in B decays to detect the presence of physics beyond the Standard Model. He first studies the possibility of new physics in the B-anti B mixing amplitude. He discusses a construction to extract information about the phase and magnitude of the new physics contribution, as well as the CKM parameters in a model independent way. He points out the difficulty of carrying through this program induced by hadronic uncertainties and discrete ambiguities, and suggests additional measurements to overcome these problems. He then studies the possibility of new physics contributions to the B meson decay amplitudes. The author emphasizes the sensitivity of the B → φKS decay to these new contributions, and explains how this sensitivity can be quantified using experimental data on SU(3) related decays. Finally, he analyzes a number of models where the B decay amplitudes are modified
Omnibus experiment: CPT and CP violation with sterile neutrinos
Loo, K. K.; Novikov, N. Yu; Smirnov, M. V.; Trzaska, W. H.; Wurm, M.
2016-05-01
We propose to probe both the CPT and CP violation together with the search for sterile neutrinos in one do-it-all experiment. This omnibus experiment would utilize neutrino oscillometry with large scintillator detectors like LENA, JUNO or RENO-50 and manmade radioactive sources similar to the ones used by the GALLEX experiment. Our calculations indicate that such an experiment is realistic and could be performed in parallel to the main research plan for JUNO, LENA, or RENO-50. Assuming as the starting point the values of the oscillation parameters indicated by the current global fit (in 3 active + 1 sterile scenario) and requiring at least 5 sigma confidence level, we estimate that with the proposed experiment we would be able to detect CPT mass anomalies of the order of 1% or larger.
Structure of neutrino mass matrix and CP violation
Frigerio, M; Frigerio, Michele; Smirnov, Alexei Yu.
2002-01-01
We reconstruct the neutrino mass matrix in the flavor basis, using all available experimental data from neutrino oscillations. Majorana nature of neutrinos, normal mass hierarchy (ordering) and validity of the LMA MSW solution of the solar neutrino problem are assumed. We study dependences of the mass matrix elements, $m_{\\alpha\\beta}$, on the CP violating Dirac, $\\delta$, and Majorana, $\\rho$, $\\sigma$, phases, for different values of the mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ and of the absolute mass scale, $m_1$. The contours of constant mass in the $\\rho-\\sigma$ plane have been constructed for all $m_{\\alpha\\beta}$. Possible structures of the mass matrix have been analyzed. We identify regions of parameters in which the matrix has (i) a structure with the dominant $\\mu\\tau$-block, (ii) various hierarchical structures, (iii) structures with special ordering or equalities of elements, (iv) the democratic form. In certain cases the matrix can be parameterized by powers of a unique expansion (ordering) parameter $\\lambda...
Hyper-Kamiokande: Towards a measurement of CP violation in lepton sector
Bron, S
2016-01-01
We present the latest Hyper-Kamiokande sensitivity study showing that, with a total exposure of 7.5 MW $\\times 10^{7}$ seconds integrated beam power, the CP phase - $\\delta_{CP}$ - can be determined better than 18.9 degrees for all possible values of $\\delta_{CP}$ and CP violation can be established with a significance of more than 3$\\sigma$ (5$\\sigma$) for 80\\% (64.5\\%) of the $\\delta_{CP}$ parameter space.
Transverse polarization at e+e- colliders and CP violation from new physics
This paper investigates the implications of CP violation from physics for the process of e+e- → ff using transversely polarized electrons at SLC and LEP. The authors define an asymmetry whose nonzero value signals the time reversal violation of the underlying interactions. Using a general effective Lagrangian the authors analyze the signal expected from any new physics. The authors show that for a large class of theories this observable is exclusively sensitive to a single CP-violating electron gauge boson dimension six interaction. Experiments at LEP can probe such CP violation from new physics at scales up to several TeV
CP Violation vs. Matter Effect in Long-Baseline Neutrino Oscillation Experiments
Minakata, H; Minakata, Hisakazu; Nunokawa, Hiroshi
1997-01-01
We investigate, within the framework of three generations of neutrinos, the effects of CP violation in long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. We aim at illuminating the global feature of the interplay between genuine effect due to the CP violating phase and a fake one due to the earth matter effect. To this goal, we develop a formalism based on the adiabatic approximation and perturbative treatment of the matter effect which allows us to obtain approximate analytic expressions of the oscillation probabilities. We present an order-of-magnitude estimation and a detailed numerical computation of the absolute and the relative magnitudes of the CP violations under the mass hierarchy suggested by the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the cosmological dark matter. We find that the genuine CP violating effect is at most $\\sim$ 1%, and the matter effect dominates over the intrinsic CP violation only in a region of parameters where the oscillation probability of $\
The Discovery reach of $CP$ violation in neutrino oscillation with non-standard interaction effects
Rahman, Zini; Adhikari, Rathin
2015-01-01
We have studied the $CP$ violation discovery reach in neutrino oscillation experiment with superbeam, neutrino factory and monoenergetic neutrino beam. For NSI satisfying model-dependent bound for shorter baselines (like CERN-Fr\\'ejus set-up ) there is insignificant effect of NSI on the the discovery reach of $CP$ violation due to $\\delta$. Particularly, for superbeam and neutrino factory we have also considered relatively longer baselines for which there could be significant NSI effects on $CP$ violation discovery reach for higher allowed values of NSI. For monoenergetic beam only shorter baselines are considered to study $CP$ violation with different nuclei as neutrino sources. Interestingly for non-standard interactions - $\\varepsilon_{e\\mu}$ and $\\varepsilon_{e\\tau}$ of neutrinos with matter during propagation in longer baselines in superbeam, there is possibility of better discovery reach of $CP$ violation than that with only Standard Model interactions of neutrinos with matter. For complex NSI we have s...
Top Quark Phenomenology in CP-Violating Supersymmetric Models
Moreno Briceno, Alexander
The Standard Model (SM) of particle physics so far has successfully described all measurements of phenomena at the subatomic level of ordinary matter at very high precision. The theoretical developments and experimental observations during the last 50 years, including the long sought and recently observed SM Higgs-like boson at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), have provided us with a framework to understand the strong and the electroweak interactions between fermions, gauge bosons and the scalar boson, the Higgs boson, which is called the SM. However, the SM is considered to be incomplete. It does not provide a framework to include gravity and it does not provide an explanation for a number of observations such as the baryon asymmetry of the Universe (BAU), neutrino oscillations and dark matter. One possible extension of the SM is Supersymmetry, which provides for instance a dark matter candidate. No direct or indirect evidence of Supersymmetry has been observed so far. Searches for supersymmetric particles at high energy collider experiments, for instance, have set limits on parameters of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the SM (MSSM). Supersymmetry may also affect the properties of SM particles through their virtual presence in higher order corrections in perturbation theory. Here we study indirect, i.e. virtual effects, of Supersymmetry in the production of top quark pairs at the LHC. In particular, we investigate possible CP violating effects due to one loop corrections to top-quark pair production at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the context of the complex (MSSM) with minimal flavor violation (MFV). We include the complete supersymmetric QCD as well as supersymmetric electroweak contributions to the two main top-quark pair production mechanisms at the LHC, namely quark-antiquark annihilation, qq → tt, and gluon fusion, gg → tt. At the level of the top quarks, we study in detail spin-spin correlating observables that are sensitive to CP
CP violation in D meson decays: would it be a sign of new physics ?
Buccella, Franco; Lusignoli, Maurizio; Pugliese, Alessandra; Santorelli, Pietro
2013-01-01
Ascribing the large SU(3) violations in the Cabibbo forbidden decays of neutral D mesons to the final state interactions, one gets large strong phase differences, necessary for substantial direct CP violation. While the absolute value of the CP violating asymmetries depend on the uncertain strength of the penguin contribution, we predict an asymmetry for the decays into charged pions more than twice as large and having opposite sign with respect to that for charged kaons.
CP violation in D meson decays: Would it be a sign of new physics?
Buccella, Franco; Lusignoli, Maurizio; Pugliese, Alessandra; Santorelli, Pietro
2013-10-01
Ascribing the large SU(3) violations in the singly Cabibbo suppressed decays of neutral D mesons to the final state interactions, one gets large strong phase differences, necessary for substantial direct CP violation. While the absolute value of the CP violating asymmetries depend on the uncertain strength of the penguin contribution, we predict an asymmetry for the decays into charged pions more than twice as large and having opposite sign with respect to that for charged kaons.
CP and Lepton-Number Violation in GUT Neutrino Models with Abelian Flavour Symmetries
Ellis, John; Gomez, Mario E.; Lola, Smaragda
2006-01-01
We study the possible magnitudes of CP and lepton-number-violating quantities in specific GUT models of massive neutrinos with different Abelian flavour groups, taking into account experimental constraints and requiring successful leptogenesis. We discuss SU(5) and flipped SU(5) models that are consistent with the present data on neutrino mixing and upper limits on the violations of charged-lepton flavours and explore their predictions for the CP-violating oscillation and Majorana phases. In ...
B -> K pi Puzzle and New Sources of CP Violation in Supersymmetry
S Khalil; A. Masiero; Murayama, H.
2009-01-01
The difference between the CP asymmetries of the $B^0 \\to K^+ \\pi^-$ and $B^+ \\to K^+ \\pi^0$ decays has been recently confirmed with an evidence larger than $5\\sigma$'s. We discuss it as a possible signal of new physics associated with new (large) CP violation in the electroweak penguin contributions. We propose a supersymmetry breaking scheme where such new sources of CP violation occur in the flavor non-universal trilinear scalar couplings.
Looking from the East at an Elephant Trotting West: Direct CP Violation in $B^0$ Decays
Bigi, I. I.(University of Notre Dame, 46556, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA)
2002-01-01
With the time dependant CP asymmetry in $B_d(t) \\to \\psi K_S$ well measured, the most powerful method to search for {\\em direct} CP violation in $B_d$ decays is to analyze whether the CP asymmetry of other transitions like $B_d(t) \\to \\pi ^+ \\pi ^-, \\eta ^{\\prime}K_S$ etc. can be described by a $sin$ term taken from $B_d(t) \\to \\psi K_S$ and without a cos term. The failure of such a constrained fit would establish direct CP violation (even if no CP asymmetry were observed in these other modes).
Looking from the East at an Elephant Trotting West Direct CP Violation in $B^0$ Decays
Bigi, Ikaros I
2002-01-01
With the time dependant CP asymmetry in $B_d(t) \\to \\psi K_S$ well measured, the most powerful method to search for {\\em direct} CP violation in $B_d$ decays is to analyze whether the CP asymmetry of other transitions like $B_d(t) \\to \\pi ^+ \\pi ^-, \\eta ^{\\prime}K_S$ etc. can be described by a $sin$ term taken from $B_d(t) \\to \\psi K_S$ and without a $cos$ term. The failure of such a constrained fit would establish direct CP violation (even if no CP asymmetry were observed in these other modes).
Recent results for \\Dz-\\Dzb mixing and \\CP violation, and HFAG averages
Neri, Nicola
2012-01-01
I present here the HFAG averages for the parameters that regulate flavor mixing and \\CP violation in the neutral $D$ meson system. I also discuss recent results from the $B$ factories for the measurements of the mixing parameter \\yCP and the \\CP violation parameter \\deltaY (\\AGamma) in the lifetime ratio analysis of the transitions to the \\CP-even eigenstates $\\Dz\\to K^+K^-,\\pi^+\\pi^-$, relative to the transitions to the \\CP-mixed state $\\Dz \\to K^-\\pi^+$.
Search for neutral Higgs bosons in CP-conserving and CP-violating MSSM scenarios
Abbiendi, G; Åkesson, P F; Alexander, G; Allison, J; Amaral, P; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Asai, S; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barillari, T; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Bechtle, P; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Benelli, G; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Büsser, K; Burckhart, H J; Campana, S; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Ciocca, C; Csilling, A; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; De, A; Roeck, A D; De Wolf, E A; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Donkers, M; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Feld, L; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giunta, M; Goldberg, J; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Günther, P O; Sen-Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harel, A; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Hoffman, K; Horváth, D; Igo-Kemenes, P; Ishii, K; Jeremie, H; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J; Karlen, Dean A; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Komamiya, S; Kramer, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Krüger, K; Kühl, T; Kupper, M; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Layter, J G; Lellouch, D; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Lü, J; Ludwig, A; Ludwig, J; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Masetti, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McKenna, J A; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, N; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Moed, S; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Nanjo, H; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, J L; Plane, D E; Poli, B; Pooth, O; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Roney, J M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Sobie, R J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spanó, F; Stahl, A; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Teuscher, R; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Tran, P; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvári, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Vertesi, R; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, Joost Herman; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wolf, G; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zer-Zion, D; Zivkovic, L
2004-01-01
This report summarizes the final results from the OPAL collaboration on searches for neutral Higgs bosons predicted by the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). CP-conserving and for the first time at LEP CP-violating scenarios are studied. New scenarios are also included, which aim to set the stage for Higgs searches at future colliders. The results are based on the data collected with the OPAL detector at e+e- centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV. The data are consistent with the prediction of the Standard Model with no Higgs boson produced. Model-independent limits are derived for the cross-section of a number of events topologies motivated by prediction of the MSSM. Limits on Higgs boson masses and other MSSM parameters are obtained for a number of representative MSSM benchmark scenarios. For example, in the CP-conserving scenario mh-max where the MSSM parameters are adjusted to predict the largest range of values for mh at each tan beta, and for a top quark mass of 174.3 GeV, the domain 0.784.5 ...
Measurements of $CP$ violation in charmless two-body $B$ decays at LHCb
Perazzini, Stefano
2014-01-01
The study of charmless two-body B decays provides valuable information for testing the Cabibbo- Kobayashi-Maskawa paradigm of CP violation in the Standard Model. In addition, as the contri- bution of loop diagrams to the decay amplitudes are sizeable, the CP violation observables may be sensitive to physics beyond the Standard Model. In this paper we present the latest measurements performed by the LHCb Collaboration in this sector. Of particular note are the first evidence of the B 0 ! p ̄ p decay, the best measurement to date of the direct CP asymmetry of the B + ! K 0 S K + decay, the first observation of CP violation in the decays of the B 0 s mesons with the measure- ment of A CP ( B 0 s ! p + K ) and the first measurement of the coefficients of the time-dependent CP asymmetry of the B 0 s ! K + K decay.
Prospects of Measuring Lepton CP-violation with LBNE at DUSEL
Excellent measurement of the neutrino oscillation parameters achieved in recent years has set the scene for probing the size of the leptonic CP-violation angle. The Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment (LBNE) will have an unprecedented sensitivity to CP-violation angle and a range of other physics questions. LBNE will be a massive neutrino detector located at the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL) in the Homestake mine in the town of Lead, South Dakota, USA. Two independent detector technologies have been utilized for detector design: water Cherenkov and liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) type of detector and both technologies have similar sensitivity to the main physics questions to be answered. The experiment will measure the value of CP-violation phase δ in lepton sector, ordering of neutrino masses and value of the angle θ13. In addition, the LBNE will be able to search for proton decay, get a detailed energy spectrum in the case of galactic supernovae, detect solar and atmospheric neutrinos, possibly geoneutrinos and even measure the relic supernovae neutrino flux. In order to address most of the aforementioned physics questions, the detector will be placed at large depth of 1480 m (WC). The scientific goals require a minimal size of 2x100 kton equivalent water Cherenkov fiducial volume or 2x17 kton LArTPC, or the combination of the both. The LBNE will obtain 3σ C.L. measurement of θ13 at the 0.001 level, for any value of CP-δ phase. In addition LBNE will resolve the neutrino mass hierarchy at 3σ C.L. measurement of the neutrino mass hierarchy if sin22θ13 ≥ 0.01 for any value of CP-δ phase and measure about 50% of all CP-δ phases with 3σ C.L. for sin2 2θ13 ≥ 0.01. The experiment will make these measurements using an electron neutrino appearance signal in the muon neutrino beam sent to LBNE from Fermilab, 1300 km away. The beam will be 700 kW and then 2 MW. The experiment will run in both neutrino and anti
The road to the discovery of large CP violation in B decays. A miracle story
In 2008, Kobayashi and Maskawa were awarded the Nobel Prize for the theory of CP violation. I would like to invite you to a historical tour of CP violation. A special emphasis is made on one curious fact. The way the Mother Nature has shown us CP violation is like presenting us with a beautiful box. This box contains the treasure which forms the code to discover the ultimate theory explaining the secret of matter-antimatter asymmetry. I will show you the box and the treasure. All you have to do is to decode it. (author)
Asymmetric Dark Matter and CP Violating Scatterings in a UV Complete Model
Baldes, Iason; Millar, Alexander J; Volkas, Raymond R
2015-01-01
We explore possible asymmetric dark matter models using CP violating scatterings to generate an asymmetry. In particular, we introduce a new model, based on DM fields coupling to the SM Higgs and lepton doublets, $\\overline{L}H$, and explore its UV completions. We study the CP violation and asymmetry formation of this model, to demonstrate that it is capable of producing the correct abundance of dark matter and the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. Crucial to achieving this is the introduction of interactions which violate CP with a $T^{2}$ dependence.
Direct CP violation in K L , S → 2γ for large top mass
Short-distance contributions to Ko(anti Ko) → γγ within the standard model for large m t, including QCD corrections, have been studied. Owing to a relaxed GIM suppression, CP violation in the decay amplitude turns out to be more important than previously presumed, namely of order 100 times the direct CP violation(ε') in the K L → ππ decays. This promotes the rare K L , S → γγ decay modes at LEAR and Φ factories as the next possible candidates for testing direct CP violation. 26 refs., 2 figs
Asymmetric dark matter and CP violating scatterings in a UV complete model
Baldes, Iason; Bell, Nicole F.; Millar, Alexander J.; Volkas, Raymond R. [ARC Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terascale,School of Physics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010 (Australia)
2015-10-21
We explore possible asymmetric dark matter models using CP violating scatterings to generate an asymmetry. In particular, we introduce a new model, based on DM fields coupling to the SM Higgs and lepton doublets, a neutrino portal, and explore its UV completions. We study the CP violation and asymmetry formation of this model, to demonstrate that it is capable of producing the correct abundance of dark matter and the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. Crucial to achieving this is the introduction of interactions which violate CP with a T{sup 2} dependence.
CP violation in two-generation version of left-right models
Recent measurements of ε'/ε ∼ 3 x 10-3 and Dn, the neutron electric dipole moment, of the order 10-25 e.cm, if confirmed, may be used to place useful constraints on different CP violation models. In this paper, we study their implications on a class of two generation-version of minimal left-right models. We find that, if all these observations are to be explained by these models, the CP violation phases of the model must fall into an interesting hierarchical pattern. A realization of such a pattern is illustrated in a minimal spontaneous CP violation model
Search for new mechanism of CP violation through tau decay and semileptonic decay at hadrons
If CP is violated in any decay process involving leptons it will signify the existence of a new force (called the X boson) responsible for CP violation that may be the key to understanding matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The author discusses the signatures of CP violation in (1) the decay of tau lepton, and (2) the semileptonic decay of π, K, D, B and t particles by measuring the polarization of the charged lepton in the decay. The author discusses how the coupling constants and their phases of the coupling of the X boson to 9 quark vertices and 3 lepton vertices can be obtained through 12 decay processes
Asymmetric dark matter and CP violating scatterings in a UV complete model
We explore possible asymmetric dark matter models using CP violating scatterings to generate an asymmetry. In particular, we introduce a new model, based on DM fields coupling to the SM Higgs and lepton doublets, a neutrino portal, and explore its UV completions. We study the CP violation and asymmetry formation of this model, to demonstrate that it is capable of producing the correct abundance of dark matter and the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. Crucial to achieving this is the introduction of interactions which violate CP with a T2 dependence
D{sup 0} mixing and CP violation
Bobrowski, Markus [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Institut fuer Theoretische Teilchenphysik (Germany); Lenz, Alexander [Universitaet Regensburg, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik (Germany)
2011-07-01
We report the results of a recent study on D{sup 0}- anti D{sup 0} mixing and argue that currently a CP violating weak phase of the order of some per mille can not be excluded in the Standard Model. Our work relies on a short-distance analysis of the {Delta}C=2 Hamiltonian, using the framework of Heavy Quark Expansion (HQE), an expansion in powers of the inverse charm quark mass. We demonstrate that, as expected, the dominant contribution is related to effects of SU(3) flavour symmetry breaking present in higher orders of the HQE: they appear for the first time in meson-antimeson transitions with an intermediate state coupling to the sea quark background of the meson, associated with operators of dimension 10 and 12. A factorisation approach is used to simplify the operator basis. Due to a lifting of GIM suppression by one power of m{sub s}/m{sub c}, the contribution to y={Delta}{Gamma}/2{Gamma} is found to exceed that of the formally leading dimension six by a factor close to ten.
Ruling out the Weinberg Model of Spontaneous CP Violation
There have been many declarations of the death of the Weinberg model of spontaneous CP violation. Previous studies, before the recent measurements of ε'/ε indicated that the model could not accommodate the experimental values on ε in K0 - bar K0 mixing, the neutron electric dipole moment (EDM), the branching ratio of b → sγ and the upper limit on ε'/ε. We point out that these studies were based on optimistic estimates of the uncertainties in the calculations and that when more realistic estimates of these errors are used the Weinberg model cannot be conclusively ruled out from these considerations alone. Here we use these realistic error estimates to analyze the present situation of the Weinberg model. The latest results from Belle and BaBar on sin 2β allow the small values of this parameter which occur naturally in the Weinberg model. However, in this model, the recently measured value of Re(ε'/ε) = (1.92 ± 10-3) cannot be made compatible with the branching ratio B(b → sγ) = (3.15 ± 0.54) x 10-4. As a result they conclude that the Weinberg model is now confidently and conservatively ruled out
Canonical Constraints on Leptonic Cp Violation using UHCR neutrino fluxes
Balaji, K R S; Hamzaoui, C
2006-01-01
It is shown that one can in principle constrain the CP-violating parameter delta from measurements of four independant |V_{ij}|^2, or three of them and a ratio, in the leptonic sector. To quantify our approach, using unitarity, we derive simple expressions in terms of four independant |V_{ij}|^2 for cos(delta) and an expression for sin^2(delta) from J^2. Thus, depending on the values of |V_{ij}| and their accuracy, we can set meaningful limits on |delta|. To illustrate numerically, if |V_{u1}|^2 is close to 0.1 with a 10% precision, and if |V_{e3}^2 is larger than 0.005 and for values of |V_{e2}|^2 and |V_{u3}|^2 that stay within +-0.1 of the current experimental data leads to a bound pi/2 < |delta| < pi. Alternatively, a certain combination of parameters with values of |V_{e3}|^2 larger than 0.01 leads to a closed bound of 73 < |delta| < 103. In general, we find that over most of the parameter space, delta is least sensitive to |V_{e3}|^2. With just three independant measurements (solar, atmosphe...
Leptogenesis, CP violation and neutrino data: what can we learn?
A detailed analytic and numerical study of baryogenesis through leptogenesis is performed in the framework of the standard model of electroweak interactions extended by the addition of three right-handed neutrinos, leading to the seesaw mechanism. We analyze the connection between GUT-motivated relations for the quark and lepton mass matrices and the possibility of obtaining a viable leptogenesis scenario. In particular, we analyze whether the constraints imposed by SO(10) GUTs can be compatible with all the available solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino data and, simultaneously, be capable of producing the required baryon asymmetry via the leptogenesis mechanism. It is found that the Just-So2 and SMA solar solutions lead to a viable leptogenesis even for the simplest SO(10) GUT, while the LMA, LOW and VO solar solutions would require a different hierarchy for the Dirac neutrino masses in order to generate the observed baryon asymmetry. Some implications on CP violation at low energies and on neutrinoless double beta decay are also considered. (author)
CP violation and Kaon weak matrix elements from Lattice QCD
Garron, Nicolas
2015-01-01
In this short review, I present the recent lattice computations of kaon weak matrix elements relevant to $K \\to \\pi\\pi$ decays and neutral kaon mixing. These matrix elements are key to the theoretical determination of the CP violation parameters $\\epsilon$ and $\\epsilon'$ . Impressive progress have been achieved recently, in particular the first realistic computation of $\\epsilon'/\\epsilon$ with physical kinematics has been reported in [1]. The novelty is the $\\Delta I = 1/2$ channel, whereas the $\\Delta I = 3/2$ contribution is now computed at several values of the lattice spacing and extrapolated to the continuum limit. I will also present the status of $B_K$ and discuss its error budget, with a particular emphasis on the perturbative error. Finally I will review the matrix elements of neutral kaon mixing beyond the standard model and will argue that the discrepancy observed by different collaborations could be explained by the renormalisation procedure of the relevant four-quark operators.
Neutrino mass matrix inverted hierarchy and CP violation
Frigerio, M
2003-01-01
We reconstruct the neutrino mass matrix in flavor basis, in the case of inverted mass hierarchy (ordering), using all available experimental data on neutrino masses and oscillations. We analyze the dependence of the matrix elements m_{alpha beta} on the CP violating Dirac, delta, and Majorana, rho and sigma, phases, for different values of the absolute mass scale. We find that the present data admit various structures of the mass matrix: (i) hierarchical structures with a set of small (zero) elements; (ii) structures with equalities among various groups of elements: e-row and/or mu tau-block elements, diagonal and/or off-diagonal elements; (iii) ``democratic'' structure. We find values of phases for which these structures are realized. The mass matrix elements can anti-correlate with flavor: inverted partial or complete flavor alignment is possible. For various structures of the mass matrix we identify possible underlying symmetry. We find that the mass matrix can be reconstructed completely only in particula...
Search for direct CP-violation in singly-Cabibbo suppressed D+- --> K+ K- pi+- decays
Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Tico, J Garra; Grauges, E; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; So, R Y; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Yushkov, A N; Bondioli, M; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; West, C A; Eisner, A M; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Chao, D S; Cheng, C H; Echenard, B; Flood, K T; Hitlin, D G; Ongmongkolkul, P; Porter, F C; Rakitin, A Y; Andreassen, R; Huard, Z; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Sun, L; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Spaan, B; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Bernard, D; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Garzia, I; Luppi, E; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Vetere, M Lo; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Bhuyan, B; Prasad, V; Lee, C L; Morii, M; Edwards, A J; Adametz, A; Uwer, U; Lacker, H M; Lueck, T; Dauncey, P D; Mallik, U; Chen, C; Cochran, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Grosdidier, G; Diberder, F Le; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Griessinger, K; Hafner, A; Prencipe, E; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; Behn, E; Cenci, R; Hamilton, B; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Dallapiccola, C; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Sciolla, G; Cheaib, R; Lindemann, D; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Biassoni, P; Neri, N; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Nguyen, X; Simard, M; Taras, P; De Nardo, G; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Martinelli, M; Raven, G; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Honscheid, K; Kass, R; Brau, J; Frey, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Feltresi, E; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Akar, S; Ben-Haim, E; Bomben, M; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Sitt, S; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Pacetti, S; Rossi, A; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Casarosa, G; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Oberhof, B; Paoloni, E; Perez, A; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Pegna, D Lopes; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Gioi, L Li; Mazzoni, M A; Piredda, G; Bunger, C; Grunberg, O; Hartmann, T; Leddig, T; Voss, C; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; de Monchenault, G Hamel; Vasseur, G; Yeche, Ch; Aston, D; Bard, D J; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cartaro, C; Convery, M R; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Ebert, M; Field, R C; Sevilla, M Franco; Fulsom, B G; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Lewis, P; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Randle-Conde, A; Sekula, S J; Bellis, M; Burchat, P R; Miyashita, T S; Puccio, E M T; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Gorodeisky, R; Guttman, N; Peimer, D R; Soffer, A; Lund, P; Spanier, S M; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schwitters, R F; Wray, B C; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Zambito, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Martinez-Vidal, F; Oyanguren, A; Villanueva-Perez, P; Ahmed, H; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bernlochner, F U; Choi, H H F; King, G J; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Tasneem, N; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Wu, S L
2012-01-01
We report on a search for direct CP asymmetry in the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decay D+- --> K+ K- pi+- using a data sample of 476 fb-1 accumulated with the BaBar detector running at and just below the Y(4S) resonance. The CP-violating decay rate asymmetry A_CP is determined to be (0.35 +- 0.30 +- 0.15)%. Model-dependent and model-independent Dalitz plot analysis techniques are used to search for CP-violating asymmetries in the various intermediate states.
CP-violating ZZh Coupling at $e^{+}e^{-}$ Linear Colliders
Han, T
2001-01-01
We study the general Higgs-weak boson coupling with CP-violation via the process e+e- -> f \\bar f h. We categorize the signal channels by sub-processes Zh production and ZZ fusion and construct four CP asymmetries by exploiting polarized e+e- beams. We find complementarity among the sub-processes and the asymmetries to probe the real and imaginary parts of the CP-violating form factor. Certain asymmetries with unpolarized beams can retain significant sensitivity to the coupling. We conclude that at a linear collider with high luminosity, the CP-odd ZZh coupling may be sensitively probed via measurements of the asymmetries.
BNL workshop on rare K decays and CP violation, August 25-27, 1988
1988-10-01
This report contains viewgraphs on the following topics: rare and forbidden K decays; CP violation in the K system; the status of current experiments at BNL, CERN, FNAL, and KEK; and future experiments and facilities.
Higgs sector with spontaneous CP violation in $S(3)$ Standard Model
Barradas-Guevara, E; Rodríguez-Jáuregui, E
2016-01-01
Conditions for spontaneous Charge-Parity (CP) violation in the scalar potential sector of general $S(3)$ Higgs-doublet model (3HDM) are analyzed. An analysis of the Higgs sector of the minimal $S(3)$-invariant extension of the Standard Model including CP violation arising from the spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry is presented. This extended Higgs sector with three SU(2) doublets Higgs fields with complex vev's provides an interesting scenario to analyze the Higgs masses spectrum, trilinear self-couplings and CP violation. We present how the spontaneous electroweak symmetry breaking, coming from three $S(3)$ Higgs fields, gives an interesting scenario with nine physical Higgs and three Goldstone bosons, when spontaneous CP violation arises from the Higgs field $S(3)$ singlet $H_S$.
The CP violation beyond the SM Higgs and theoretical predictions of electric dipole moment
Bian, Ligong
2016-01-01
The CP-violating phase may arise beyond the SM Higgs sectors. Due to the possible cancellation mechanism in the electric dipole moment (EDM) contributions mediated by the CP-violating Higgs sectors, the CP violation may escape the current and even the future constraints of the eEDM measurements. The cancellations in the quark and chromo-EDMs driven by the same sources alleviates the constraints of the neutron and diamagnetic atom EDM measurements. This property can be induced by the mass degeneracy of two heavy Higgs bosons. On the other hand, the diamagnetic atom EDM experiments can be more competitive to constrain or detect the CP-violating phases in this scenario. We explore this point in the framework of the type-II two-Higgs-doublet model and the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model.
BNL workshop on rare K decays and CP violation, August 25-27, 1988
This report contains viewgraphs on the following topics: rare and forbidden K decays; CP violation in the K system; the status of current experiments at BNL, CERN, FNAL, and KEK; and future experiments and facilities
CP violation in the B system: Physics at a high luminosity B Factory
Lueth, V.
1991-06-01
CP Violation remains one of the unsolved puzzles in particle physics. Measurements of CP violating asymmetries in {beta} meson decay will test the Standard Model of electro-weak interactions and tell whether this phenomenon can be explained simply through the non-zero angles and phase in the CKM matrix. A high luminosity, energy asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} storage ring provides the most versatile and best opportunity to measure CP violating effects and to test the consistency of the Standard Model, and should discrepancies occur, information will be available to establish the origin of CP violation outside the model. Such a machine is a very challenging, though technically achievable device, that when complemented with a suitable detector will represent a very exiting laboratory for studies of many aspects of beauty, charm, and {tau}{sup +-} physics in the coming decade. 26 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs.
CP violation in the B system: Physics at a high luminosity B Factory
CP Violation remains one of the unsolved puzzles in particle physics. Measurements of CP violating asymmetries in β meson decay will test the Standard Model of electro-weak interactions and tell whether this phenomenon can be explained simply through the non-zero angles and phase in the CKM matrix. A high luminosity, energy asymmetric e+e- storage ring provides the most versatile and best opportunity to measure CP violating effects and to test the consistency of the Standard Model, and should discrepancies occur, information will be available to establish the origin of CP violation outside the model. Such a machine is a very challenging, though technically achievable device, that when complemented with a suitable detector will represent a very exiting laboratory for studies of many aspects of beauty, charm, and τ+- physics in the coming decade. 26 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs
Computing the temperature dependence of effective CP violation in the standard model
Brauner, Tomáš; Taanila, O.; Tranberg, A.; Vuorinen, A.
2012-01-01
Roč. 2012, č. 11 (2012), 076. ISSN 1126-6708 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : CP violation * Thermal Field Theory * Standard Model Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 5.618, year: 2012
LHC experimental sensitivity to CP violating gt t-bar couplings
The level of CP violation in pp → t t-bar + X induced by the standard model is known to be below the experimental sensitivity by many orders of magnitude. However, in some effective theories, it is plausible that new CP violating physics could reveal itself as additional non-renormalizable terms in the Lagrangian. Since these should respect the symmetries of the low-energy gauge interaction, violate CP and generate the correct event topology, the set of allowed terms is highly restricted. This analysis gives an estimate of the expected experimental sensitivity to the lowest order effective CP violating gt t-bar interaction term beyond the standard model using simulated data from the ATLAS detector at the LHC. (research notes from collaborations)
CP Violation in Trilinear Neutral Gauge Boson Couplings Via the Anomalous tcZ Coupling
Moyotl, A.; Tavares-Velasco, G.
2008-07-01
Trilinear Neutral Gauge Boson Couplings (TNGBCs), namely ZZZ, ZZγ, and Zγγ may be highly sensitive to any new physics effects as their amplitude is extremely suppressed in any renormalizable theory such as the standard model (SM), where these class of couplings arise up to the one-loop level. Even more, in the SM, CP-odd TNGBCs are more suppressed than CP-even ones as the former are absent at the one loop level. This opens up the window to examine CP-violating effects on TNGBCs induced by new sources of CP-violation. Along these lines, we analyze the possible CP-violation on TNGBCS induced by the most general renormalizable tcZ coupling.
CP-Violation in B Mesons and Physics Beyond the SM
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
In this paper, we describe the physics beyond the Standard Model with respect to CP violation and baryon asymmetry. We describe and discuss some general model-independant considerations for new effects in B mixing and decays. A review on CP violation in the $B^0$ and $K^0$ mesons systems is given, which, we hope may familiarize new Belle members in the basic ingredients of this topic.
Search for CP violation in singly Cabibbo suppressed four-body D decays
Martinelli, Maurizio; /Bari U.
2011-06-22
We search for CP violation in a sample of 4.7 x 10{sup 4} singly Cabibbo suppressed D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +} K{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays and 1.8(2.6) x 10{sup 4} D{sub (s)}{sup +} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sup +} {pi}{sup +} {pi}{sup -} decays. CP violation is searched for in the difference between the T-odd asymmetries, obtained using triple product correlations, measured for D and {bar D} decays. The measured CP violation parameters are A{sub T}(D{sup 0}) = (1.0 {+-} 5.1(stat) {+-} 4.4(syst)) x 10{sup -3}, A{sub T}(D{sup +}) = (-11.96 {+-} 10.04(stat) {+-} 4.81(syst)) x 10{sup -3} and A{sub T}(D{sub s}{sup +}) = (-13.57 {+-} 7.67(stat) {+-} 4.82(syst)) x 10{sup -3}. This search for CP violation showed that the T-odd correlations are a powerful tool to measure the CP violating observable A{sub T}. The relative simplicity of an analysis based on T-odd correlations and the high quality results that can be obtained, allow to consider this tool as fundamental to search for CP violation in four-body decays. Even if the CP violation has not been found, excluding any New Physics effect to the sensitivity of about 0.5%, it is still worth to search for CP violation in D decays. The high statistics that can be obtained at the LHC or by the proposed high luminosity B-factories, make this topic to be considered in high consideration by experiments such as LHCb, SuperB or SuperBelle. The results outlined in this thesis strongly suggest to include a similar analysis into the Physics program of these experiments.
On the relevance of long-distance contributions to CP violation in the K0 system
The sensitivity of the CP violating parameter epsilon to long-distance contributions to the K0 average K0 mass matrix is estimated on general grounds. Improving the accuracy in the measurement of epsilon'/epsilon by an order of magnitude will unambiguously decide whether the standard model can account for CP violation for msub(t) < or approximately 50 GeV. (Author)
Revisiting the model predicting maximal 2–3 mixing and CP violation for neutrinos
The model of the neutrino mass matrix that we proposed in 2000 is revisited in the light of the recent T2K experiments. This model has the special property that it predicts maximal 2–3 mixing and CP violation under some simple condition. In this model, if the condition is relaxed, the 2–3 angle and the CP violation deviate from their maximal values and are related. We present such relations for typical cases
BaBar: a new detector for studying CP violation in the B system
A new detector for investigating the CP violation mechanism in the B meson system is being built and is scheduled to take data at PEP II, the asymmetric B Factory in construction at SLAC, at the end of this century. Its main characteristics are briefly overviewed in this paper. Its sensitivity for measuring CP violation in some selected B decays is also discussed, underlining the great potential of this detector to accomplish a comprehensive study of this phenomenon. (author)
Spontaneous CP violation in the 2HDM: physical conditions and the alignment limit
Grzadkowski, B; Osland, P
2016-01-01
For the general Two-Higgs-Doublet model, we present conditions for having spontaneous CP violation, in terms of physical masses and couplings. These relations involve the charged-Higgs mass, its cubic couplings with neutral scalars and quartic coupling, and become particularly simple in the alignment limit. In the simplified model with softly broken $Z_2$ symmetry, some deviation from alignment is required for spontaneous CP violation to be present.
Source of CP Violation for the Baryon Asymmetry of the Universe
Hou, George W S
2011-01-01
We give a description of why the existence of a fourth generation is likely to provide enough CP violation for baryogenesis, and trace how this observation came about. We survey the current experimental and theoretical pursuits and outline a research agenda, touching upon unitarity violation and very heavy chiral quarks, and comment on how the electroweak phase transition picture might be altered.
Search for CP violating charge asymmetry in B^+ -> J/psi K^+ decays (version 2)
Sakai, K; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Barberio, E; Belous, K; Bhardwaj, V; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; cko, M Bra; Browder, T E; Chang, M -C; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, K -F; Chen, P; Cheon, B G; Chiang, C -C; Cho, K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; zal, Z Dole; Dr?asal, Z; Dungel, W; Eidelman, S; Feindt, M; Golob, B; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W -S; Hyun, H J; Inami, K; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, Y; Kang, J H; Kawai, H; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, H J; Kim, J H; Kim, Y J; Ko, B R; Korpar, S; zan, P Kri; Krokovny, P; Kuhr, T; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y -J; Kyeong, S -H; Lange, J S; Lee, M J; Li, J; Limosani, A; Liu, C; Liventsev, D; Louvot, R; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, D; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Neubauer, S; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, H K; Pestotnik, R; c, M Petri; Piilonen, L E; Prim, M; R?ohrken, M; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Schneider,; Schwartz, A J; Senyo, K; Seon,; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Smerkol, P; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; c, S Stani; c, M Stari; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Wang, C H; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Won, E; Yamashita, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhou, P; Zivko, T; Zupanc, A; Zyukova1, O
2010-01-01
We present the result of a search for charge asymmetry in B^+ -> J/psi K^+ decays. The CP-violating charge asymmetry is measured to be A_CP(B^+ -> J/psi K^+) = [-0.76 +/- 0.50 (stat) +/- 0.22 (syst)]%.
Search for CP violating charge asymmetry in B^+ -> J/psi K^+ decays
Sakai, K; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Barberio, E; Belous, K; Bhardwaj, V; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; cko, M Bra; Browder, T E; Chang, M -C; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, K -F; Chen, P; Cheon, B G; Chiang, C -C; Cho, K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; zal, Z Dole; Dr?asal, Z; Dungel, W; Eidelman, S; Feindt, M; Golob, B; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W -S; Hyun, H J; Inami, K; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, Y; Kang, J H; Kawai, H; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, H J; Kim, J H; Kim, Y J; Ko, B R; Korpar, S; zan, P Kri; Krokovny, P; Kuhr, T; Kumita, T; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y -J; Kyeong, S -H; Lange, J S; Lee, M J; Li, J; Limosani, A; Liu, C; Liventsev, D; Louvot, R; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, D; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Neubauer, S; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, H K; Pestotnik, R; c, M Petri; Piilonen, L E; Prim, M; R?ohrken, M; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Schneider,; Schwartz, A J; Senyo, K; Seon,; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Smerkol, P; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; c, S Stani; c, M Stari; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Trabelsi, K; Tsuboyama, T; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Wang, C H; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Won, E; Yamashita, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhou, P; Zivko, T; Zupanc, A; Zyukova, O
2010-01-01
We present the result of a search for charge asymmetry in B^+ -> J/psi K^+ decays. The CP-violating charge asymmetry is measured to be A_CP(B^+ -> J/psi K^+) = [-0.76 +/- 0.50 (stat) +/- 0.22 (syst)]%.
Probing CP-violating Higgs contributions in → $f\\bar{f}$
Rohini M Godbole; Sabine Kraml; Saurabh D Rindani; Ritesh K Singh
2007-11-01
We discuss the use of fermion polarization for studying neutral Higgs bosons at a photon collider. To this aim we construct polarization asymmetries which can isolate the contribution of a Higgs boson in → $f\\bar{f}$, = /, from that of the QED continuum. This can help in getting information on the coupling in case is a CP eigenstate. We also construct CP-violating asymmetries which can probe CP mixing in case has indeterminate CP. Furthermore, we take the MSSM with CP violation as an example to demonstrate the potential of these asymmetries in a numerical analysis. We find that these asymmetries are sensitive to the presence of a Higgs boson as well as its CP properties over a wide range of MSSM parameters.
Spontaneous CP violation and non-abelian family symmetry in SUSY
We present a model based on an SU(3) family symmetry providing a full description of quark and lepton masses and mixing angles. CP is spontaneously broken in the flavour sector reproducing the observed results of the Jarlskog invariant in the CKM mixing matrix. Our model predicts the amount of CP violation to be expected in the neutrino sector and solves the Supersymmetric CP and FCNC problems in a gravity mediation scenario. (author)
Evidence for CP Violation in the Decay $D^+\\rightarrow K^0_S\\pi^+$
Ko, B.R.; Won, E.; Adachi, I.; Aihara, H.; Asner, D. M.; Aulchenko, V.; Aushev, T.; Aziz, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Belous, K.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bischofberger, M.; Bondar, A.; Bonvicini, G.
2012-01-01
We observe evidence for CP violation in the decay $D^+\\rightarrow K^0_S\\pi^+$ using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of 977 fb$^{-1}$ collected by the Belle detector at the KEKB $e^+e^-$ asymmetric-energy collider. The CP asymmetry in the decay is measured to be $(-0.363\\pm0.094\\pm0.067)%$, which is 3.2 standard deviations away from zero, and is consistent with the expected CP violation due to the neutral kaon in the final state.
Status of CP violation in K decays within chiral perturbation theory
In the framework of recently derived effective strong and weak meson Lagrangians an analysis of K→2π, K→3π and K→2πγ decay amplitudes is performed and the current status of direct CP violation in nonleptonic K decays is reviewed. Besides estimates of the charge CP-asymmetry for decay probabilities and slope parameters in charged K±→3π decays, a discussion of the Li-Wolfenstein relation for the direct CP-violation parameter in neutral K0(K-bar0)→3π decays is given. 30 refs.; 6 figs
CP-violating ZZh Coupling at e+e- Linear Colliders
Han, T.; Jiang, J.
2000-01-01
We study the general Higgs-weak boson coupling with CP-violation via the process e+e- -> f \\bar f h. We categorize the signal channels by sub-processes Zh production and ZZ fusion and construct four CP asymmetries by exploiting polarized e+e- beams. We find complementarity among the sub-processes and the asymmetries to probe the real and imaginary parts of the CP-violating form factor. Certain asymmetries with unpolarized beams can retain significant sensitivity to the coupling. We conclude t...
Fukugita, Masataka; Shimizu, Yusuke; Tanimoto, Morimitsu; Yanagida, Tsutomu T
2016-01-01
The model of neutrino mass matrix with minimal texture is now tightly constrained by experiment so that it can yield a prediction for the phase of CP violation. This phase is predicted to lie in the range $\\delta_{CP}=0.77\\pi - 1.24\\pi$. If neutrino oscillation experiment would find the CP violation phase outside this range, this means that the minimal-texture neutrino mass matrix, the element of which is all real, fails and the neutrino mass matrix must be complex, i.e., the phase must be present that is responsible for leptogenesis.
CP Violating Polarization Asymmetry in Charmless Two-Body Decays of Beauty Baryons
He, Min; Li, Guan-Nan
2015-01-01
Several baryons containing a heavy b-quark, the b-baryons, have been discovered. The charmless two-body decays of b-baryons can provide a new platform for CP violating studies in a similar way as charmless two-body decays of B-meson. In b-baryon decays there are new CP violating observable related to baryon polarization. We show that in the flavor $SU(3)$ limit there exist relations involve different combinations of the decay amplitudes compared with those in CP violating rate asymmetry. These new relations therefore provide interesting tests for the mechanism of CP in the standard model (SM) and flavor $SU(3)$ symmetry. Future data from LHCb can test these relations.
Search for CP Violation in Charm at $e^+e^-$ colliders
,
2013-01-01
In this proceeding, I discuss results from the BaBar and Belle collaborations for searches of direct CP violation in the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decay $\\D^\\pm\\to K^+K^-\\pi^\\pm$ from $e^+e^-$ annihilation data collected at a center-of-mass energy at or just below the \\Y4S resonance. The Belle collaboration measures the CP asymmetry as a function of the production angle of the $D^\\pm$ meson in the quasi two-body $\\D^\\pm\\to\\phi\\pi^\\pm$ decay. The Babar experiment studies the entire phase-space with model-independent and model-dependent Dalitz plot analysis techniques to search for CP-violating asymmetries in the various intermediate states, in addition to a phase-space integrated measurement as a function of the production angle. No evidence for CP violation is reported from either experiment.
Measurement of the direct $CP$-violating parameter $A_{CP}$ in the decay $D^+ \\to K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+$
Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; Abbott, Braden Keim; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; Adams, Mark Raymond; Adams, Todd; Agnew, James P; Alexeev, Guennadi D; Alkhazov, Georgiy D; Alton, Andrew K; Askew, Andrew Warren; Atkins, Scott; Augsten, Kamil; Avila, Carlos A; Badaud, Frederique; Bagby, Linda F; Baldin, Boris; Bandurin, Dmitry V; Banerjee, Sunanda; Barberis, Emanuela; Baringer, Philip S; Bartlett, JFrederick; Bassler, Ursula Rita; Bazterra, Victor; Bean, Alice L; Begalli, Marcia; Bellantoni, Leo; Beri, Suman B; Bernardi, Gregorio; Bernhard, Ralf Patrick; Bertram, Iain A; Besancon, Marc; Beuselinck, Raymond; Bhat, Pushpalatha C; Bhatia, Sudeep; Bhatnagar, Vipin; Blazey, Gerald Charles; Blessing, Susan K; Bloom, Kenneth A; Boehnlein, Amber S; Boline, Daniel Dooley; Boos, Edward E; Borissov, Guennadi; Borysova, Maryna; Brandt, Andrew; Brandt, Oleg; Brock, Raymond L; Bross, Alan D; Brown, Duncan Paul; Bu, Xue-Bing; Buehler, Marc; Buescher, Volker; Bunichev, Viacheslav Yevgenyevich; Burdin, Sergey; Buszello, Claus Peter; Camacho-Perez, Enrique; Casey, Brendan Cameron Kieran; Castilla-Valdez, Heriberto; Caughron, Seth Aaron; Chakrabarti, Subhendu; Chan, Kwok Ming Leo; Chandra, Avdhesh; Chapon, Emilien; Chen, Guo; Cho, Sung-Woong; Choi, Suyong; Choudhary, Brajesh C; Cihangir, Selcuk; Claes, Daniel R; Clutter, Justace Randall; Cooke, Michael P; Cooper, William Edward; Corcoran, Marjorie D; Couderc, Fabrice; Cousinou, Marie-Claude; Cutts, David; Das, Amitabha; Davies, Gavin John; de Jong, Sijbrand Jan; De La Cruz-Burelo, Eduard; Deliot, Frederic; Demina, Regina; Denisov, Dmitri S; Denisov, Sergei P; Desai, Satish Vijay; Deterre, Cecile; DeVaughan, Kayle Otis; Diehl, HThomas; Diesburg, Michael; Ding, Pengfei; Dominguez, DAaron M; Dubey, Abhinav Kumar; Dudko, Lev V; Duperrin, Arnaud; Dutt, Suneel; Eads, Michael T; Edmunds, Daniel L; Ellison, John A; Elvira, VDaniel; Enari, Yuji; Evans, Harold G; Evdokimov, Valeri N; Faure, Alexandre; Feng, Lei; Ferbel, Thomas; Fiedler, Frank; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, Wade Cameron; Fisk, HEugene; Fortner, Michael R; Fox, Harald; Fuess, Stuart C; Garbincius, Peter H; Garcia-Bellido, Aran; Garcia-Gonzalez, Jose Andres; Gavrilov, Vladimir B; Geng, Weigang; Gerber, Cecilia Elena; Gershtein, Yuri S; Ginther, George E; Gogota, Olga; Golovanov, Georgy Anatolievich; Grannis, Paul D; Greder, Sebastien; Greenlee, Herbert B; Grenier, Gerald Jean; Gris, Phillipe Luc; Grivaz, Jean-Francois; Grohsjean, Alexander; Gruenendahl, Stefan; Gruenewald, Martin Werner; Guillemin, Thibault; Gutierrez, Gaston R; Gutierrez, Phillip; Haley, Joseph Glenn Biddle; Han, Liang; Harder, Kristian; Harel, Amnon; Hauptman, John Michael; Hays, Jonathan M; Head, Tim; Hebbeker, Thomas; Hedin, David R; Hegab, Hatim; Heinson, Ann; Heintz, Ulrich; Hensel, Carsten; Heredia-De La Cruz, Ivan; Herner, Kenneth Richard; Hesketh, Gavin G; Hildreth, Michael D; Hirosky, Robert James; Hoang, Trang; Hobbs, John D; Hoeneisen, Bruce; Hogan, Julie; Hohlfeld, Mark; Holzbauer, Jenny Lyn; Howley, Ian James; Hubacek, Zdenek; Hynek, Vlastislav; Iashvili, Ia; Ilchenko, Yuriy; Illingworth, Robert A; Ito, Albert S; Jabeen, Shabnam; Jaffre, Michel J; Jayasinghe, Ayesh; Jeong, Min-Soo; Jesik, Richard L; Jiang, Peng; Johns, Kenneth Arthur; Johnson, Emily; Johnson, Marvin E; Jonckheere, Alan M; Jonsson, Per Martin; Joshi, Jyoti; Jung, Andreas Werner; Juste, Aurelio; Kajfasz, Eric; Karmanov, Dmitriy Y; Katsanos, Ioannis; Kaur, Manbir; Kehoe, Robert Leo Patrick; Kermiche, Smain; Khalatyan, Norayr; Khanov, Alexander; Kharchilava, Avto; Kharzheev, Yuri N; Kiselevich, Ivan Lvovich; Kohli, Jatinder M; Kozelov, Alexander V; Kraus, James Alexander; Kumar, Ashish; Kupco, Alexander; Kurca, Tibor; Kuzmin, Valentin Alexandrovich; Lammers, Sabine Wedam; Lebrun, Patrice; Lee, Hyun-Su; Lee, Seh-Wook; Lee, William M; Lei, Xiaowen; Lellouch, Jeremie; Li, Dikai; Li, Hengne; Li, Liang; Li, Qi-Zhong; Lim, Jeong Ku; Lincoln, Donald W; Linnemann, James Thomas; Lipaev, Vladimir V; Lipton, Ronald J; Liu, Huanzhao; Liu, Yanwen; Lobodenko, Alexandre; Lokajicek, Milos; Lopes de Sa, Rafael; Luna-Garcia, Rene; Lyon, Adam Leonard; Maciel, Arthur KA; Madar, Romain; Magana-Villalba, Ricardo; Malik, Sudhir; Malyshev, Vladimir L; Mansour, Jason; Martinez-Ortega, Jorge; McCarthy, Robert L; Mcgivern, Carrie Lynne; Meijer, Melvin M; Melnitchouk, Alexander S; Menezes, Diego D; Mercadante, Pedro Galli; Merkin, Mikhail M; Meyer, Arnd; Meyer, Jorg Manfred; Miconi, Florian; Mondal, Naba K; Mulhearn, Michael James; Nagy, Elemer; Narain, Meenakshi; Nayyar, Ruchika; Neal, Homer A; Negret, Juan Pablo; Neustroev, Petr V; Nguyen, Huong Thi; Nunnemann, Thomas P; Orduna, Jose de Jesus Hernandez; Osman, Nicolas Ahmed; Osta, Jyotsna; Pal, Arnab; Parashar, Neeti; Parihar, Vivek; Park, Sung Keun; Partridge, Richard A; Parua, Nirmalya; Patwa, Abid; Penning, Bjoern; Perfilov, Maxim Anatolyevich; Peters, Reinhild Yvonne Fatima; Petridis, Konstantinos; Petrillo, Gianluca; Petroff, Pierre; Pleier, Marc-Andre; Podstavkov, Vladimir M; Popov, Alexey V; Prewitt, Michelle; Price, Darren; Prokopenko, Nikolay N; Qian, Jianming; Quadt, Arnulf; Quinn, Breese; Ratoff, Peter N; Razumov, Ivan A; Ripp-Baudot, Isabelle; Rizatdinova, Flera; Rominsky, Mandy Kathleen; Ross, Anthony; Royon, Christophe; Rubinov, Paul Michael; Ruchti, Randal C; Sajot, Gerard; Sanchez-Hernandez, Alberto; Sanders, Michiel P; Santos, Angelo Souza; Savage, David G; Savitskyi, Mykola; Sawyer, HLee; Scanlon, Timothy P; Schamberger, RDean; Scheglov, Yury A; Schellman, Heidi M; Schwanenberger, Christian; Schwienhorst, Reinhard H; Sekaric, Jadranka; Severini, Horst; Shabalina, Elizaveta K; Shary, Viacheslav V; Shaw, Savanna; Shchukin, Andrey A; Simak, Vladislav J; Skubic, Patrick Louis; Slattery, Paul F; Smirnov, Dmitri V; Snow, Gregory R; Snow, Joel Mark; Snyder, Scott Stuart; Soldner-Rembold, Stefan; Sonnenschein, Lars; Soustruznik, Karel; Stark, Jan; Stoyanova, Dina A; Strauss, Michael G; Suter, Louise; Svoisky, Peter V; Titov, Maxim; Tokmenin, Valeriy V; Tsai, Yun-Tse; Tsybychev, Dmitri; Tuchming, Boris; Tully, Christopher George T; Uvarov, Lev; Uvarov, Sergey L; Uzunyan, Sergey A; Van Kooten, Richard J; van Leeuwen, Willem M; Varelas, Nikos; Varnes, Erich W; Vasilyev, Igor A; Verkheev, Alexander Yurievich; Vertogradov, Leonid S; Verzocchi, Marco; Vesterinen, Mika; Vilanova, Didier; Vokac, Petr; Wahl, Horst D; Wang, Michael HLS; Warchol, Jadwiga; Watts, Gordon Thomas; Wayne, Mitchell R; Weichert, Jonas; Welty-Rieger, Leah Christine; Williams, Mark Richard James; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Wobisch, Markus; Wood, Darien Robert; Wyatt, Terence R; Xie, Yunhe; Yamada, Ryuji; Yang, Siqi; Yasuda, Takahiro; Yatsunenko, Yuriy A; Ye, Wanyu; Ye, Zhenyu; Yin, Hang; Yip, Kin; Youn, Sungwoo; Yu, Jiaming; Zennamo, Joseph; Zhao, Tianqi Gilbert; Zhou, Bing; Zhu, Junjie; Zielinski, Marek; Zieminska, Daria; Zivkovic, Lidija
2014-01-01
We measure the direct CP-violating parameter A_CP for the decay of the charged charm meson, D+ -> K-pi+pi+ (and charge conjugate), using the full 10.4 fb-1 sample of ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We extract the raw reconstructed charge asymmetry by fitting the invariant mass distributions for the sum and difference of charge-specific samples. This quantity is then corrected for detector-related asymmetries using data-driven methods and for possible physics asymmetries (from B -> D processes) using input from Monte Carlo simulation. We measure A_CP = [-0.16 +- 0.15 (stat.) +- 0.09 (syst.)]%, which is consistent with zero, as expected from the standard model prediction of CP conservation, and is the most precise measurement of this quantity to date
The special features of CP violation in the Standard Model are presented. The significance of measuring CP violation in B, K and D decays is explained. The predictions of the Standard Model for CP asymmetries in B decays are analyzed in detail. Then, four frameworks of new physics are reviewed: (1) Supersymmetry provides an excellent demonstration of the power of CP violation as a probe of new physics. (2) Left-right symmetric models are discussed as an example of an extension of the gauge sector. CP violation suggests that the scale of LRS breaking is low. (3) the variety of extensions of the scalar sector are presented and their unique CP violating signatures are emphasized. (4) Vector-like down quarks are presented as an example of an extension of the fermion sector. Their implications for CP asymmetries in B decays are highly interesting
Model-Independent Analysis of CP Violation in Charmed Meson Decays
Dhir, Rohit; Oh, Sechul
2015-01-01
We present a model-independent analysis of CP violation, inspired by recent experimental observations, in charmed meson decays. The topological diagram approach is used to study direct CP asymmetries for singly Cabibbo-suppressed two-body hadronic decays of charmed mesons. We extract the magnitudes and relative phases of the corresponding topological amplitudes from available experimental information. In order to get more precise and reliable estimates of direct CP asymmetries, we take into account contributions from all possible strong penguin amplitudes, including the internal $b$-quark penguin contributions. We also study flavor SU(3) symmetry breaking effects in these decay modes and consequently, predict direct CP asymmetries of unmeasured modes.
Measuring $CP$ violation and mixing in charm with inclusive self-conjugate multibody decay modes
Malde, S; Wilkinson, G
2015-01-01
Time-dependent studies of inclusive charm decays to multibody self-conjugate final states can be used to determine the indirect $CP$-violating observable $A_\\Gamma$ and the mixing observable $y_{CP}$, provided that the fractional $CP$-even content of the final state, $F_+$, is known. This approach can yield significantly improved sensitivity compared with the conventional method that relies on decays to $CP$ eigenstates. In particular, $D \\to \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ appears to be an especially powerful channel, given its relatively large branching fraction and the high value of $F_+$ that has recently been measured at charm threshold.
Direct CP violation in B → π+π-π. Determination of α without discrete ambiguity
Direct CP violation in the hadronic decays B-bar0 → π+π-π0 is investigated near the peak of the ρ0 taking into account the effect of ρ - ω mixing. Branching ratio for processes B±,0 → ρ±,0π±,0 and B- → ωπ- are calculated as well. We find that the CP violation asymmetry is strongly dependent on the CKM matrix elements. For a fixed Nceff, the CP violation asymmetry, a, has a maximum of order - 40% to - 70% for B-bar0 → ρ0(ω)π0 when the invariant mass of the π+π- pair is in the vicinity of the ω resonance. The sensitivity of the asymmetry to Nceff is small in that case. Moreover, we find that in the range of Nceff which is allowed by the most recent experimental branching ratios from the BABAR, BELLE and CLEO Collaborations, the sign of sinδ is always positive. Thus, a measurement of direct CP violation in decays B-bar0 → π+π-π0 would remove the mod(π) ambiguity in the determination of the CP violating phase angle α. (authors)
On the Interplay Between the 'Low' and 'High' Energy CP - Violation in Leptogenesis
We analyse within the '' flavoured '' leptogenesis scenario of baryon asymmetry generation, the interplay of the '' low energy '' CP-violation, originating from the PMNS neutrino mixing matrix U, and the '' high energy '' CP-violation which can be present in the matrix of neutrino Yukawa couplings, λ, and can manifest itself only in '' high '' energy scale processes. The type I see-saw model with three heavy right-handed Majorana neutrinos having hierarchical spectrum is considered. The '' orthogonal '' parametrisation of the matrix of neutrino Yukawa couplings, which involves a complex orthogonal matrix R, is employed. In this approach the matrix R is the source of '' high energy '' CP-violation. Results for normal hierarchical (NH) and inverted hierarchical (IH) light neutrino mass spectrum are derived in the case of decoupling of the heaviest RH Majorana neutrino. It is shown that taking into account the contribution to YB due to the CP-violating phases in the neutrino mixing matrix U can change drastically the predictions for YB, obtained assuming only '' high energy '' CP-violation from the R-matrix is operative in leptogenesis. In the case of IH spectrum, in particular, there exist significant regions in the corresponding parameter space where the purely '' high energy '' contribution in YB plays a subdominant role in the production of baryon asymmetry compatible with the observations. (author)
Search for CP violation in B0s to Jpsi Phi
Liu, Chunlei; /Pittsburgh U.
2008-12-01
The CDF experiment, which uses p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.9 TeV produced at the Fermilab Tevatron, is unique in its ability to observe all flavors of B hadrons and measure their properties. Among them, CP violation is of fundamental interest. In the B{sup +} and B{sup 0} systems, measurements of CP violation parameters performed essentially at B factories have borne out the predictions of CKM model. Little is known, experimentally, about CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system. The standard model predicts very little CP violation there, thus any nonzero measurement could be an indication of new physics. In this thesis, we will report on the very first flavor-tagged analysis of approximately 2000 B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} decays reconstructed in a 1.35 fb{sup -1} data sample collected at CDF. This channel is sensitive not only to the width difference {Delta}{Lambda} in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system but also to the CP violation parameter {beta}{sub s}. The final result we obtain is a confidence region in the two dimensional space of {beta}{sub s} and {Delta}{Lambda}. Assuming the standard model predictions of {beta}{sub s} and {Delta}{Lambda}, the probability is 15%, corresponding to 1.5 Gaussian standard deviations.
Leptonic CP violation phases, quark–lepton similarity and seesaw mechanism
We explore generic features of the leptonic CP violation in the framework of the seesaw type I mechanism with similarity of the Dirac lepton and quarks mass matrices mD. For this, we elaborate on the standard parametrization conditions which allow to simultaneously obtain the Dirac and Majorana phases. If the only origin of CP violation is the left-handed (LH) transformation which diagonalizes mD (similar to quarks), the leptonic CP violation is suppressed and the Dirac phase is close to π or to 0 with sinδCP≈(sinθ13q/sinθ13)cosθ23sinδq∼λ2sinδq. Here λ∼θC, is the Cabibbo mixing angle, and θ13q and θ13 are the 1–3 mixing angles of quarks and leptons respectively. The Majorana phases β1 and β2 are suppressed as λ3sinδq. For Majorana neutrinos implied by seesaw, the right-handed (RH) transformations are important. We explore the simplest extension inspired by Left–Right (L–R) symmetry with small CKM-type CP violation. In this case, seesaw enhancement of the CP violation occurs due to strong hierarchy of the eigenvalues of mD leading to δCP∼1. The enhancement is absent under the phase factorization conditions which require certain relations between parameters of the Majorana mass matrix of RH neutrinos
Aaltonen, T.; Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U. /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR
2011-03-01
We report measurements of direct CP-violating asymmetries in charmless decays of neutral bottom hadrons to pairs of charged hadrons with the upgraded Collider Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. Using a data sample corresponding to 1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity, we obtain the first measurements of direct CP violation in bottom strange mesons, A{sub CP}(B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}) = +0.39 {+-} 0.15 (stat) {+-} 0.08 (syst), and botton baryons, A{sub CP}({Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} p{pi}{sup -}) = + 0.03 {+-} 0.17 (stat) {+-} 0.05 (syst) and A{sub CP} ({Lambda}{sub b}{sup 0} {yields} pK{sup -}) = +0.37 {+-} 0.17 (stat) {+-} 0.03 (syst). In addition, they measure CP violation in B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays with 3.5{sigma} significance, A{sub CP} (B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) = -0.086 {+-} 0.023 (stat) {+-} 0.009 (syst), in agreement with the current world average. Measurements of branching fractions of B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} and B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays are also updated.
Momentum reconstruction at the LHC for probing CP-violation in the stop sector
Moortgat-Pick, G. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Rolbiecki, K.; Tattersall, J. [Durham Univ. (United Kingdom). Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology
2010-08-15
We study the potential to observe CP-violating effects in SUSY t{sub 1}-cascade decay chains at the LHC. Asymmetries composed by triple products of momenta of the final state particles are sensitive to CP-violating effects. Due to large boosts that dilute the asymmetries, these can be difficult to observe. If all particle masses in a cascade decay are known, it may be possible to reconstruct all momenta in the decay chains on an event-by-event basis even when we have missing momentum due to a stable LSP. After the reconstruction, the non-diluted CP-violating signal can be recovered and gets significantly enhanced so that an observation may become feasible. A fully hadronic study has been completed to define the areas of the mSUGRA parameter space that may yield a 3-{sigma} observation with 500 fb{sup -1} at the LHC.
Towards a high precision CP violation measurement with the ATLAS Detector
de Mora, Lee; Smizanska, Maria
2010-01-01
ATLAS is a general purpose detector designed to study the high energy proton-proton collisions produced at the Large Hadron Collider. The channel Bs→J/ψφ offers a measurement of standard model CP violating parameters, and has the potential to be sensitive to new physics. The measurement of CP violation in the Bs→J/ψφ channel at ATLAS is largely determined by three factors: statistics, lifetime resolution and flavour tagging. This study concentrates on improving the lifetime measurement and the implementation of flavour tagging. Flavour tagging has a strong influence on the sensitivity of CP violation studies. The jet charge flavour tagging method was optimised to increase its effectiveness. The lifetime of a B-hadron is calculated using the pT , mass and vertexing. A deformation in the inner detector can produce a detectable change in these observables.
Search for CP violation in the decay Z --> b$\\overline{b}$g
Buskulic, Damir; Décamp, D; Ghez, P; Goy, C; Lees, J P; Lucotte, A; Minard, M N; Nief, J Y; Odier, P; Pietrzyk, B; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Crespo, J M; Delfino, M C; Efthymiopoulos, I; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Garrido, L; Juste, A; Martínez, M; Orteu, S; Padilla, C; Park, I C; Pascual, A; Perlas, J A; Riu, I; Sánchez, F; Teubert, F; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Palma, M; Gelao, G; Girone, M; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Marinelli, N; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Alemany, R; Bazarko, A O; Bonvicini, G; Cattaneo, M; Comas, P; Coyle, P; Drevermann, H; Forty, Roger W; Frank, M; Hagelberg, R; Harvey, J; Janot, P; Jost, B; Kneringer, E; Knobloch, J; Lehraus, Ivan; Lutters, G; Martin, E B; Mato, P; Minten, Adolf G; Miquel, R; Mir, L M; Moneta, L; Oest, T; Pacheco, A; Pusztaszeri, J F; Ranjard, F; Rensing, P E; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Schmelling, M; Schmitt, M; Schneider, O; Tejessy, W; Tomalin, I R; Venturi, A; Wachsmuth, H W; Wagner, A; Ajaltouni, Ziad J; Barrès, A; Boyer, C; Falvard, A; Gay, P; Guicheney, C; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Perret, P; Podlyski, F; Proriol, J; Rosnet, P; Rossignol, J M; Fearnley, Tom; Hansen, J B; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Nilsson, B S; Rensch, B; Wäänänen, A; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, Errietta; Siotis, I; Vayaki, Anna; Zachariadou, K; Blondel, A; Bonneaud, G R; Brient, J C; Bourdon, P; Rougé, A; Rumpf, M; Valassi, Andrea; Verderi, M; Videau, H L; Candlin, D J; Parsons, M I; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Corden, M; Georgiopoulos, C H; Jaffe, D E; Antonelli, A; Bencivenni, G; Bologna, G; Bossi, F; Campana, P; Capon, G; Casper, David William; Chiarella, V; Felici, G; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, F; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Pepé-Altarelli, M; Curtis, L; Dorris, S J; Halley, A W; Knowles, I G; Lynch, J G; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Reeves, P; Scarr, J M; Smith, K; Teixeira-Dias, P; Thompson, A S; Thomson, F; Thorn, S; Turnbull, R M; Becker, U; Dhamotharan, S; Geweniger, C; Graefe, G; Hanke, P; Hansper, G; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Schmidt, M; Sommer, J; Stenzel, H; Tittel, K; Werner, S; Wunsch, M; Abbaneo, D; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, David M; Cameron, W; Dornan, Peter J; Moutoussi, A; Nash, J; Sedgbeer, J K; Stacey, A M; Williams, M D; Dissertori, G; Girtler, P; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Betteridge, A P; Bowdery, C K; Colrain, P; Crawford, G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Sloan, Terence; Williams, M I; Galla, A; Giehl, I; Greene, A M; Kleinknecht, K; Quast, G; Renk, B; Rohne, E; Sander, H G; Van Gemmeren, P; Zeitnitz, C; Aubert, Jean-Jacques; Bencheikh, A M; Benchouk, C; Bonissent, A; Bujosa, G; Calvet, D; Carr, J; Diaconu, C A; Etienne, F; Konstantinidis, N P; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Talby, M; Sadouki, A; Thulasidas, M; Trabelsi, K; Aleppo, M; Ragusa, F; Abt, I; Assmann, R W; Bauer, C; Blum, Walter; Dietl, H; Dydak, Friedrich; Ganis, G; Gotzhein, C; Jakobs, K; Kroha, H; Lütjens, G; Lutz, Gerhard; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Richter, R H; Rosado-Schlosser, A; Schael, S; Settles, Ronald; Seywerd, H C J; Saint-Denis, R; Wiedenmann, W; Wolf, G; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Choi, Y; Cordier, A; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Höcker, A; Jacquet, M; Kim, D W; Le Diberder, F R; Lefrançois, J; Lutz, A M; Nikolic, I A; Park, H J; Schune, M H; Simion, S; Veillet, J J; Videau, I; Zerwas, D; Azzurri, P; Bagliesi, G; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bozzi, C; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Ciocci, M A; Ciulli, V; Dell'Orso, R; Fantechi, R; Ferrante, I; Foà, L; Forti, F; Giassi, A; Giorgi, M A; Gregorio, A; Ligabue, F; Lusiani, A; Marrocchesi, P S; Messineo, A; Palla, Fabrizio; Rizzo, G; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Spagnolo, P; Steinberger, Jack; Tenchini, Roberto; Tonelli, G; Vannini, C; Verdini, P G; Walsh, J; Blair, G A; Bryant, L M; Cerutti, F; Chambers, J T; Gao, Y; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Perrodo, P; Strong, J A; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Botterill, David R; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Haywood, S; Maley, P; Norton, P R; Thompson, J C; Wright, A E; Bloch-Devaux, B; Colas, P; Emery, S; Kozanecki, Witold; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Marx, B; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Renardy, J F; Roussarie, A; Schuller, J P; Schwindling, J; Trabelsi, A; Vallage, B; Black, S N; Dann, J H; Johnson, R P; Kim, H Y; Litke, A M; McNeil, M A; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Boswell, R; Brew, C A J; Cartwright, S L; Combley, F; Köksal, A; Lehto, M H; Newton, W M; Reeve, J; Thompson, L F; Böhrer, A; Brandt, S; Büscher, V; Cowan, G D; Grupen, Claus; Minguet-Rodríguez, J A; Rivera, F; Saraiva, P; Smolik, L; Stephan, F; Apollonio, M; Bosisio, L; Della Marina, R; Giannini, G; Gobbo, B; Musolino, G; Rothberg, J E; Wasserbaech, S R; Armstrong, S R; Elmer, P; Feng, Z; Ferguson, D P S; Gao, Y S; González, S; Grahl, J; Greening, T C; Hayes, O J; Hu, H; McNamara, P A; Nachtman, J M; Orejudos, W; Pan, Y B; Saadi, Y; Scott, I J; Walsh, A M; Wu Sau Lan; Wu, X; Yamartino, J M; Zheng, M; Zobernig, G
1996-01-01
About three million hadronic decays of the Z collected by ALEPH in the years 1991 to 1994 are used to search for anomalous CP violation beyond the Standard Model in the decay Z -> bbg. The study is performed by analyzing angular correlations between the two quarks and the gluon in Three-jet events and by measuring the differential two-jet rate. No signal of CP violation is found. For the combinations of anomalous CP violating couplings, h_b =h_Ab*g_Vb-h_Vb*g_Ab and h^*_b=sqrt(h_Vb^2+h_Ab^2), limits of h_b < 0.59 and h^*_b < 3.02 are given at 95\\% CL.
Maximal CP violation in the Higgs sector and its effect on the $\\varrho$ parameter
Joshi, G C; Tanimoto, M; Grish C Joshi; Masahisa Matsuda; Morimitsu Tanimoto
1994-01-01
Abstract:We study the conditions of maximal CP violation in the neutral Higgs mass matrix of the two Higgs doublet model. We get fixed values of \\tan\\b and constraints on the Higgs potential parameters. Two neutral Higgs scalars are constrained to be lighter than the charged Higgs scalar and these two Higgs scalars are expected to be almost degenerate due to the smallness of the h parameter, where h is the CP violating coupling constant of the Higgs interaction. The radiative correction of the \\rho parameter from the Higgs scalar exchange is rather small and its sign negative for a wide range of Higgs masses. It follows that maximum CP violation in the two Higgs doublet model is safely allowed for the \\rho parameter without the custodial symmetry.
Considering the value of mixing angle θ13 as obtained in recent Daya Bay and MINOS experiments we have explored the discovery reach of CP violation in the leptonic sector due to complex δ phase in neutrino oscillation experiments with superbeam. We have considered two experimental set-up corresponding to two baselines of 130 Km and 2300 Km respectively. Considering numerical simulation we have shown how the discovery reach of CP violation will change due to the presence of various non-standard interactions (NSIs). Although it is known that short baseline is better choice for CP violation study for Standard Model (SM) interactions of neutrinos with matter but in presence of NSI we find that sometimes better discovery reach is possible in relatively longer baselines
Search for new mechanism of CP violation through decay of leptons and semileptonic decay of hadrons
If CP is violated in any decay process involving leptons it will signify the existence of a new scalar boson (called the X boson) responsible for CP violation that may be the key to understanding matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. The authors discuss the signatures of CP violation in (1) the decay of tau and mu leptons, and (2) the semileptonic decay of π, K, D, B and t particles by measuring the polarization of the charged lepton in the decay. The authors discuss how the coupling constants and their phases of the coupling of the X boson to 9 quark vertices and 3 lepton vertices can be obtained through 12 decay processes
Measurement of the CP Violation Parameters in B0 -> pi+ pi- Decays
Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Arita, Y; Asner, D M; Aso, T; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Aziz, T; Bakich, A M; Ban, Y; Barberio, E; Barrett, M; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Belhorn, M; Belous, K; Bhardwaj, V; Bhuyan, B; Bischofberger, M; Blyth, S; Bondar, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Brodzicka, J; Brovchenko, O; Browder, T E; Chang, M -C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Chen, K -F; Chen, P; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, I -S; Cho, K; Choi, K -S; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Crnkovic, J; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dingfelder, J; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Drutskoy, A; Dungel, W; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Epifanov, D; Esen, S; Fast, J E; Feindt, M; Frey, A; Fujikawa, M; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Goh, Y M; Golob, B; Perdekamp, M Grosse; Guo, H; Haba, J; Hamer, P; Han, Y L; Hara, K; Hara, T; Hasegawa, Y; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Heffernan, D; Higuchi, T; Horii, Y; Hoshi, Y; Hoshina, K; Hou, W -S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Imamura, M; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwabuchi, M; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Iwashita, T; Iwata, S; Jaegle, I; Jones, M; Julius, T; Kah, D H; Kakuno, H; Kang, J H; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kiesling, C; Kim, B H; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, J B; Kim, J H; Kim, K T; Kim, M J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Klucar, J; Ko, B R; Kobayashi, N; Koblitz, S; Kodyš, P; Koga, Y; Korpar, S; Kouzes, R T; Kreps, M; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kronenbitter, B; Kuhr, T; Kumar, R; Kumita, T; Kurihara, E; Kuroki, Y; Kuzmin, A; Kvasnička, P; Kwon, Y -J; Kyeong, S -H; Lange, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S -H; Leitgab, M; Leitner, R; Li, J; Li, X; Li, Y; Libby, J; Lim, C -L; Limosani, A; Liu, C; Liu, Y; Liu, Z Q; Liventsev, D; Louvot, R; MacNaughton, J; Marlow, D; Matvienko, D; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Mikami, Y; Miyabayashi, K; Miyachi, Y; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, D; Moll, A; Mori, T; Müller, T; Muramatsu, N; Mussa, R; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakahama, Y; Nakamura, I; Nakano, E; Nakano, T; Nakao, M; Nakayama, H; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Nayak, M; Nedelkovska, E; Negishi, K; Neichi, K; Neubauer, S; Ng, C; Niiyama, M; Nishida, S; Nishimura, K; Nitoh, O; Nozaki, T; Ogawa, A; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Panzenböck, E; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, H K; Park, K S; Peak, L S; Pedlar, T K; Peng, T; Pestotnik, R; Peters, M; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Poluektov, A; Prim, M; Prothmann, K; Reisert, B; Ritter, M; Röhrken, M; Rorie, J; Rozanska, M; Ryu, S; Sahoo, H; Sakai, K; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santel, D; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Sasao, N; Sato, Y; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schönmeier, P; Schwanda, C; Schwartz, A J; Schwenker, B; Seidl, R; Sekiya, A; Senyo, K; Seon, O; Sevior, M E; Shang, L; Shapkin, M; Shebalin, V; Shen, C P; Shibata, T -A; Shibuya, H; Shinomiya, S; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Sibidanov, A; Simon, F; Singh, J B; Sinha, R; Smerkol, P; Sohn, Y -S; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stanič, S; Starič, M; Stypula, J; Sugihara, S; Sugiyama, A; Sumihama, M; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Takeichi, H; Tamponi, U; Tanaka, M; Tanaka, S; Tanida, K; Taniguchi, N; Tatishvili, G; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Thorne, F; Tikhomirov, I; Trabelsi, K; Tse, Y F; Tsuboyama, T; Uchida, M; Uchida, T; Uchida, Y; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Ushiroda, Y; Usov, Y; Vahsen, S E; Vanhoefer, P; Van Hulse, C; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Vinokurova, A; Vorobyev, V; Vossen, A; Wang, C H; Wang, J; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; White, E; Wicht, J; Widhalm, L; Wiechczynski, J; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamamoto, H; Yamaoka, J; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zander, D; Zhang, C C; Zhang, L M; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, L; Zhilich, V; Zhou, P; Zhulanov, V; Zivko, T; Zupanc, A; Zwahlen, N; Zyukova, O
2013-01-01
We present a measurement of the time-dependent CP violation parameters in B0 -> pi+ pi- decays. The results are obtained from the final data sample containing 772 million BBbar pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. We obtain the CP violation parameters Acp = +0.33 +/- 0.06 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst) and Scp = -0.64 +/- 0.08 (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst), where Acp and Scp represent direct and mixing-induced CP violation, respectively. From an isospin analysis including results from other Belle measurements, we rule out 23.8 < phi2 < 66.8 degrees at the 1 sigma level.
Measurement of $CP$ violation in $B^0 \\!\\rightarrow D^+ D^-$ decays
Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio Augusto; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Andreassi, Guido; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; d'Argent, Philippe; Arnau Romeu, Joan; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Babuschkin, Igor; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Baesso, Clarissa; Baker, Sophie; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Batsukh, Baasansuren; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Bel, Lennaert; Bellee, Violaine; Belloli, Nicoletta; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bertolin, Alessandro; Betti, Federico; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bezshyiko, Iaroslava; Bifani, Simone; Billoir, Pierre; Bird, Thomas; Birnkraut, Alex; Bitadze, Alexander; Bizzeti, Andrea; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frederic; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Boettcher, Thomas; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borgheresi, Alessio; Borghi, Silvia; Borisyak, Maxim; Borsato, Martino; Bossu, Francesco; Boubdir, Meriem; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Braun, Svende; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Buchanan, Emma; Burr, Christopher; Bursche, Albert; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Campora Perez, Daniel Hugo; Capriotti, Lorenzo; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carniti, Paolo; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cavallero, Giovanni; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chatzikonstantinidis, Georgios; Chefdeville, Maximilien; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chobanova, Veronika; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Cogoni, Violetta; Cojocariu, Lucian; Collazuol, Gianmaria; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombs, George; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Costa Sobral, Cayo Mar; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Crocombe, Andrew; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Da Cunha Marinho, Franciole; Dall'Occo, Elena; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Aguiar Francisco, Oscar; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Serio, Marilisa; De Simone, Patrizia; Dean, Cameron Thomas; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Demmer, Moritz; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Dey, Biplab; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dufour, Laurent; Dujany, Giulio; Dungs, Kevin; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Déléage, Nicolas; Easo, Sajan; Ebert, Marcus; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Fazzini, Davide; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Fernandez Prieto, Antonio; Ferrari, Fabio; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fini, Rosa Anna; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fleuret, Frederic; Fohl, Klaus; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forshaw, Dean Charles; Forty, Roger; Franco Lima, Vinicius; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Färber, Christian; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garcia Martin, Luis Miguel; García Pardiñas, Julián; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Garsed, Philip John; Gascon, David; Gaspar, Clara; Gavardi, Laura; Gazzoni, Giulio; Gerick, David; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianì, Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Girard, Olivier Göran; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gizdov, Konstantin; Gligorov, Vladimir; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gorelov, Igor Vladimirovich; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graverini, Elena; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Gruberg Cazon, Barak Raimond; Grünberg, Oliver; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Göbel, Carla; Hadavizadeh, Thomas; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; Hatch, Mark; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heister, Arno; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hombach, Christoph; Hopchev, P H; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Humair, Thibaud; Hushchyn, Mikhail; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Iakovenko, Viktor; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jiang, Feng; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Kariuki, James Mwangi; Karodia, Sarah; Kecke, Matthieu; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Kenzie, Matthew; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khairullin, Egor; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Kirn, Thomas; Klaver, Suzanne; Klimaszewski, Konrad; Koliiev, Serhii; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Kosmyntseva, Alena; Kozachuk, Anastasiia; Kozeiha, Mohamad; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Krzemien, Wojciech; Kucewicz, Wojciech; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kuonen, Axel Kevin; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Lefèvre, Regis; Lemaitre, Florian; Lemos Cid, Edgar; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Likhomanenko, Tatiana; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Xuesong; Loh, David; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lucchesi, Donatella; Lucio Martinez, Miriam; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Lusiani, Alberto; Lyu, Xiao-Rui; Machefert, Frederic; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Maguire, Kevin; Malde, Sneha; Malinin, Alexander; Maltsev, Timofei; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Manning, Peter Michael; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martin, Morgan; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massacrier, Laure Marie; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathad, Abhijit; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mauri, Andrea; Maurin, Brice; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Melnychuk, Dmytro; Merk, Marcel; Merli, Andrea; Michielin, Emanuele; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Mitzel, Dominik Stefan; Mogini, Andrea; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monroy, Igancio Alberto; Monteil, Stephane; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Morris, Adam Benjamin; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Mulder, Mick; Mussini, Manuel; Müller, Dominik; Müller, Janine; Müller, Katharina; Müller, Vanessa; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nandi, Anita; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nieswand, Simon; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; O'Hanlon, Daniel Patrick; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Ogilvy, Stephen; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Otto, Adam; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Aranzazu; Pais, Preema Rennee; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Pappalardo, Luciano; Parker, William; Parkes, Christopher; Passaleva, Giovanni; Pastore, Alessandra; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Penso, Gianni; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perret, Pascal; Pescatore, Luca; Petridis, Konstantinos; Petrolini, Alessandro; Petrov, Aleksandr; Petruzzo, Marco; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pikies, Malgorzata; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Piucci, Alessio; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Poikela, Tuomas; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polyakov, Ivan; Polycarpo, Erica; Pomery, Gabriela Johanna; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Poslavskii, Stanislav; Potterat, Cédric; Price, Eugenia; Price, Joseph David; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Quagliani, Renato; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rama, Matteo; Ramos Pernas, Miguel; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Raven, Gerhard; Redi, Federico; Reichert, Stefanie; dos Reis, Alberto; Remon Alepuz, Clara; Renaudin, Victor; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Sophie; Rihl, Mariana; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vicente; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Lopez, Jairo Alexis; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Rogozhnikov, Alexey; Roiser, Stefan; Rollings, Alexandra Paige; Romanovskiy, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Ronayne, John William; Rotondo, Marcello; Rudolph, Matthew Scott; Ruf, Thomas; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sadykhov, Elnur; Sagidova, Naylya; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santimaria, Marco; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Saunders, Daniel Martin; Savrina, Darya; Schael, Stefan; Schellenberg, Margarete; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmelzer, Timon; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schubert, Konstantin; Schubiger, Maxime; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Semennikov, Alexander; Sergi, Antonino; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Siddi, Benedetto Gianluca; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Silva de Oliveira, Luiz Gustavo; Simi, Gabriele; Simone, Saverio; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Iwan Thomas; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Spradlin, Patrick; Sridharan, Srikanth; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Marian; Stahl, Sascha; Stefko, Pavol; Stefkova, Slavorima; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stemmle, Simon; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Tayduganov, Andrey; Tekampe, Tobias; Tellarini, Giulia; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tilley, Matthew James; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Toriello, Francis; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Trabelsi, Karim; Traill, Murdo; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Trisovic, Ana; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tully, Alison; Tuning, Niels; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vacca, Claudia; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valassi, Andrea; Valat, Sebastien; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vecchi, Stefania; van Veghel, Maarten; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Venkateswaran, Aravindhan; Vernet, Maxime; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Volkov, Vladimir; Vollhardt, Achim; Voneki, Balazs; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; de Vries, Jacco; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Wark, Heather Mckenzie; Watson, Nigel; Websdale, David; Weiden, Andreas; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wilkinson, Guy; Wilkinson, Michael; Williams, Mark Richard James; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Williams, Timothy; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wraight, Kenneth; Wright, Simon; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yin, Hang; Yu, Jiesheng; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zarebski, Kristian Alexander; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhang, Yu; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zheng, Yangheng; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhu, Xianglei; Zhukov, Valery; Zucchelli, Stefano
2016-01-01
The $C\\!P$ violation observables $S$ and $C$ in the decay channel $B^0 \\!\\rightarrow D^+ D^-$ are determined from a sample of proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of $7$ and $8$ TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3~ {\\text {fb}}^{-1}$. The observable $S$ describes $C\\!P$ violation in the interference between mixing and the decay amplitude, and $C$ parametrizes direct $C\\!P$ violation in the decay. The following values are obtained from a flavour-tagged, decay-time-dependent analysis: \\begin{align*} S &= -0.54 \\, ^{+0.17}_{-0.16} \\, \\text{(stat)} \\pm 0.05 \\, \\text{(syst)}\\,, \\\\ C &= \\phantom{-}0.26 \\, ^{+0.18}_{-0.17} \\, \\text{(stat)} \\pm 0.02 \\, \\text{(syst)}\\,. \\end{align*} These values constrain higher-order Standard Model corrections to be small.
Study of CP violation in Bx to J/psi phi decays at DZero
Strom, Derek A.; /Northwestern U.
2008-12-01
In a universe dominated by matter, the source of CP violation may explain one of the greatest mysteries in particle physics: what happened to the antimatter? The Standard Model successfully describes CP violation in the B{sup +} and B{sub d}{sup 0} systems, yet insufficiently accounts for the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. The Standard Model predicts a small value of CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0} meson system, which has only recently been experimentally tested. A measurement of large, anomalous CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0} system would be a clear indication of new physics sources beyond the Standard Model. This dissertation describes a study of CP violation in approximately 2000 B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}{phi} decays reconstructed in a 2.8 fb{sup -1} data sample collected by the D0 Run II detector at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois. This data was provided by p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV delivered by the Tevatron accelerator between April 2002 and August 2007. Flavor-tagged B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} J/{psi}({mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}){phi}(K{sup +}K{sup -}) decays and an angular analysis are used to study the time evolution of the final state angular distributions. From this analysis, we measure the width difference between the heavy and light mass eigenstates, B{sub s}{sup L} and B{sub s}{sup H}, to be {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} = 0.19 {+-} 0.07 and the CP-violating phase {phi}{sub s} = -0.57{sub -0.30}{sup +0.24}.
Measurements of CP-Violating Asymmetries in the Decay B0-->K+K-K0
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F R; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H
2007-01-01
We analyze the decay B0 --> K+ K- K0 using 383 million B-Bbar events collected by the BaBar detector at SLAC to extract CP violation parameter values over the Dalitz plot. Combining all K+ K- K0 events, we find A_CP = -0.015 +/- 0.077 +/- 0.053 and beta_eff = 0.352 +/- 0.076 +/- 0.026 rad, corresponding to a CP violation significance of 4.8 sigma. A second solution near pi/2 - beta_eff is disfavored with a significance of 4.5 sigma. We also report A_CP and beta_eff separately for decays to phi(1020) K0, f0(980) K0, and K+ K- K0 with m_{K+ K-} > 1.1 GeV/c^2.
Charged Higgs Boson Pair Production via Gluon-Gluon Collisions in MSSM with CP Violation
JIANG Yi; MA Wen-Gan; HAN Liang; HOU Hong-Sheng
2001-01-01
The CP-violating effects to the subprocess gg → H+ H- are studied in the mSUGRA scenario at the CERN large hadron collider, by taking into account the experimental bounds of electron and neutron electric dipole moments.The CP-violating effects in this process are related to the complex phases ofμ and Af in the mSUGRA scenario. In our calculation we consider smallCP phases ofμ and Af and neglect the effects of neutral Higgs boson mixing. In this case the CP effects to the process mainly come from the complex couplings of Higgs-squark-squark. We find a strong dependence of charged Higgs boson pair production rate on the complex couplings in the parameter space of minimal supersymmetric standard model``
Exclusive $B \\to VV $ Decays and CP Violation in the General two-Higgs-doublet Model
Bao, Shou-Shan; Wu, Yue-Liang; Zhuang, Ci
2008-01-01
Using the general factorization approach, we present a detailed investigation for the branching ratios, CP asymmetries and longitudinal polarization fractions in all charmless hadronic $B \\to VV$ decays (except for the pure annihilation processes) within the most general two-Higgs-doublet model with spontaneous CP violation. It is seen that such a new physics model only has very small contributions to the branching ratios and longitudinal polarization fractions. However, as the model has rich CP-violating sources, it can lead to significant effects on the CP asymmetries, especially on those of penguin-dominated decay modes, which provides good signals for probing new physics beyond the SM in the future B-physics experiments.
Search for CP violation in semileptonic B(s)0 decays
Abazov, : V.
2009-04-01
We have performed a search for CP violation in a sample of semileptonic B{sub s}{sup 0} decays corresponding to approximately 5 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the D0 detector in Run II at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A time-dependent fit to the distributions of the B{sub s}{sup 0} candidates yields the flavor-specific asymmetry a{sub fs}{sup s} = [-1.7 {+-} 9.1(stat){sub -2.3}{sup +1.2}(syst)] x 10{sup -3}. This is the most precise measurement to date of this CP violation parameter.
Search for CP violation in singly Cabibbo suppressed four-body D decays
Martinelli, Maurizio [Univ. of Bari Aldo Moro (Italy)
2011-02-01
We search for CP violation in a sample of 4.7 x 10^{4} singly Cabibbo suppressed D^{0} → K^{+} K^{-} π^{+}π^{-} decays and 1.8(2.6) x 10^{4} D_{(s)}^{+} → K_{S}^{0} K^{+} π^{+} π^{-} decays. CP violation is searched for in the difference between the T-odd asymmetries, obtained using triple product correlations, measured for D and _{D} decays. The measured CP violation parameters are A_{T}(D^{0}) = (1.0 ± 5.1(stat) ± 4.4(syst)) x 10^{-3}, A_{T}(D^{+}) = (-11.96 ± 10.04(stat) ± 4.81(syst)) x 10^{-3} and A_{T}(D_{s}^{+}) = (-13.57 ± 7.67(stat) ± 4.82(syst)) x 10^{-3}. This search for CP violation showed that the T-odd correlations are a powerful tool to measure the CP violating observable A_{T}. The relative simplicity of an analysis based on T-odd correlations and the high quality results that can be obtained, allow to consider this tool as fundamental to search for CP violation in four-body decays. Even if the CP violation has not been found, excluding any New Physics effect to the sensitivity of about 0.5%, it is still worth to search for CP violation in D decays. The high statistics that can be obtained at the LHC or by the proposed high luminosity B-factories, make this topic to be considered in high consideration by experiments such as LHCb, SuperB or SuperBelle. The results outlined in this thesis strongly suggest to include a similar analysis into the Physics program of these experiments.
B(s) Mixing, Delta Gamma(s) and CP Violation at the Tevatron
Di Giovanni, Gian Piero; /Paris U., VI-VII
2008-05-01
The authors discuss the results from the Tevatron experiments on mixing and CP violation in the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} system, with particular emphasis to the updated measurements of the decay-width difference {Delta}{Lambda}{sub s} and the first measurement of the CP-violating phase {beta}{sub s} using flavor tagging information. They also briefly review the charge asymmetry measurements in semileptonic B{sub s}{sup 0} decays and in B{sup {+-}} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup {+-}} decays.
Observation of CP violation in B^0 -> eta' K^0 Decays
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Lee, C L; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F R; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H; al, et
2007-01-01
We present measurements of the time-dependent CP-violation parameters S and C in B^0 --> eta' K^0 decays. The data sample corresponds to 384 million B Bar pairs produced by e^+ e^- annihilation at the Y(4S). The results are S = 0.58 +- 0.10 +- 0.03 and C = -0.16 +- 0.07 +- 0.03. We observe mixing-induced CP violation with a significance of 5.5 standard deviations in this b -> s penguin dominated mode.
Constraints on CP-violating Higgs couplings to the third generation
Brod, Joachim; Zupan, Jure
2013-01-01
Discovering CP-violating effects in the Higgs sector would constitute an indisputable sign of physics beyond the Standard Model. We derive constraints on the CP-violating Higgs-boson couplings to top and bottom quarks as well as to tau leptons from low-energy bounds on electric dipole moments, resumming large logarithms when necessary. Present and future projections of the sensitivities and comparisons with the LHC constraints are provided. Non-trivial constraints are possible in the future, even if the Higgs boson only couples to the third-generation fermions.
Observation of Direct CP Violation in B0 -> K+pi- Decays
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q L; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hart, P A; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Elsen, E E; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Band, H R; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H
2004-01-01
We present an updated search for direct CP violation in the decay B0 -> K+pi-. Using 227 million Y(4S) -> BBbar decays collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at SLAC, we observe a total signal yield of n(K+pi-) + n(K-pi+) = 1606 +- 51 decays and measure the asymmetry [n(K+pi-)-n(K-pi+)]/[n(K+pi-)+n(K-pi+)] = -0.133+-0.030 (stat) +- 0.009 (syst). This measurement establishes direct CP violation in the B0 meson system at the level of 4.2 standard deviations.
Nonzero θ13 and CP violation from broken μ – τ symmetry
Nonzero and relatively large of θ13 mixing angle has some phenomenological consequences on neutrino physics beyond the standard model. One of the consequences if the mixing angle θ13 ≠ 0 is the possibility of the CP violation on the neutrino sector. In order to obtain nonzero θ13 mixing angle, we break the neutrino mass matrix that obey μ – τ symmetry by introducing a complex parameter and determine the Jarlskog invariant as a measure of CP violation existence. By using the experimental data θ12 and θ23 as input, we can determine the Dirac phase δ as function of mixing angle θ13
He, Hong-Jian
2016-01-01
Leptonic unitarity triangle (LUT) provides fundamental means to geometrically describe CP violation in neutrino oscillation. In this work, we use LUT to present a new geometrical interpretation of the vacuum oscillation probability, and derive a compact new oscillation formula in terms of only 3 independent parameters of the corresponding LUT. Then, we systematically study matter effects for the geometrical formulation of neutrino oscillation with CP violation. Including matter effects, we derive a very compact new oscillation formula by using the LUT formulation. We further demonstrate that this geometrical formula holds well for practical applications to neutrino oscillations in matter, including T2K, MINOS, and NOvA experiments.
What does the value of the Dirac CP-violating phase teach us?
The 3x3 neutrino mixing matrix accommodates a Dirac CP-violating phase which can in principle show up in the neutrino oscillation patterns. Measuring this phase is going to be one of the main challenges of neutrino physics. Moreover, from the theoretical side it is not clear what a certain value of this phase would indicate. The aim of this talk is to search for possible principles, symmetries and phenomenological relations that can lead to particular values of the Dirac CP-violating phase, δ
Observation of CP violation in B^0 to eta' K^0
Aubert, B.
2006-10-06
The authors present measurements of the time-dependent CP-violation parameters S and C in B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup 0} decays. The data sample corresponds to 384 million B{bar B} pairs produced by e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation at the {Upsilon}(4S). The results are S = 0.58 {+-} 0.10 {+-} 0.03, and C = -0.16 {+-} 0.07 {+-} 0.03. They observe mixing-induced CP violation with a significance of 5.5 standard deviations in this b {yields} s penguin dominated mode.
The electric dipole moment of the neutron in the mixed model of CP-violation
The discussion of the possibility of CP violation in Ksub(L) decays due to the Higgs mechanism is presented. It is marked that the direct relation between the parameters of CP violation in Ksub(L) decays and the parameters determining the value of the electric dipole moments Dsub(N) of baryons is absent in the six-quark variant of the SU(2)sub(L)xU(1) theory with an expanded Higgs fields sector. For this reason the detection of the neutron Dsub(N) is possible in the wide range 10-34-25 cm
Searches for $CP$ violation in $D^{+} \\to K^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay at the LHCb Experiment
Gordon, Hamish; Harnew, Neville
This thesis documents searches for direct $CP$ violation in the Cabibbo-suppressed $D^{+} \\to K^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay at the LHCb experiment. Two complementary analyses are described. Direct $CP$-violating asymmetries are predicted to exist in singly Cabibbo-suppressed charm decays with magnitudes of up to $\\mathcal{O}(10^{-3})$ in the Standard Model, and can be enhanced to the percent level by contributions from new physics. No such asymmetry has yet been observed. The LHCb detector is a forward spectrometer with a precise vertex detector and powerful particle identification capabilities, designed to collect large, pure samples of charm and $B$ decays. Data collected at LHCb in 2010 corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 pb$^{-1}$ are used to perform a model-independent search for direct $CP$ violation in the $D^{+} \\to K^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{+}$ decay. The Dalitz plot is divided into bins and a $\\chi^{2}$ test of the compatibility of the dataset with no $CP$ violation is performed. No evidence of $CP$ vi...
Measurements of CP-Violating Asymmetries in B0 to a1(1260)^{+-} pi^{-+} Decays
Aubert, B; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, R; Allen, M T; Allison, J; Altenburg, D D; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Arnaud, N; Asgeirsson, D J; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M A; Back, J J; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Battaglia, M; Bauer, J M; Bechtle, P; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Ben-Haim, E; Benelli, G; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhuyan, B; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Biesiada, J; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P C; Blount, N L; Bomben, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Briand, H; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Buchanan, C; Bugg, W; Bukin, A D; Bula, R; Burchat, P R; Burke, J P; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Bóna, M; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Castelli, G; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Cenci, R; Chai, X; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Chao, M; Charles, M J; Chauveau, J; Chavez, C A; Chen, A; Chen, C; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Cheng, C H; Chia, Y M; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Claus, R; Cochran, J; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Corwin, L A; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Covarelli, R; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L; Cunha, A; Curry, S; Côté, D; D'Orazio, A; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Dasu, S; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, C L; De Nardo, Gallieno; De Sangro, R; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Del Buono, L; Del Re, D; Della Ricca, G; Denig, A G; Di Lodovico, F; Di Marco, E; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, L; Dorfan, J; Druzhinin, V P; Dubitzky, R S; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W; Dvoretskii, A; Ebert, M; Eckhart, E A; Eckmann, R; Edgar, C L; Edwards, A J; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Escalier, M; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Eyges, V; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fang, F; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flacco, C J; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, W T; Forster, I J; Forti, F; Foulkes, S D; Franek, B; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Fulsom, B G; Gabathuler, E; Gaidot, A; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; Gaz, A; George, K A; Giorgi, M A; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Golubev, V B; Gowdy, S J; Gradl, W; Graham, M T; Graugès-Pous, E; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamano, K; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hartfiel, B L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hill, E J; Hirschauer, J F; Hitlin, D G; Hollar, J J; Hong, T M; Honscheid, K; Hopkins, D A; Hrynóva, T; Hufnagel, D; Hulsbergen, W D; Hutchcroft, D E; Höcker, A; Igonkina, O; Innes, W R; Izen, J M; Jackson, P D; Jackson, P S; Jacobsen, R G; Jain, V; Jasper, H; Jawahery, A; Jessop, C P; Kadyk, J A; Kagan, H; Karyotakis, Yu; Kass, R; Kelsey, M H; Kerth, L T; Khan, A; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kirkby, D; Klose, V; Knecht, N S; Koch, H; Kolb, J A; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kovalskyi, D; Kowalewski, R V; Kozanecki, W; Kreisel, A; Krishnamurthy, M; Kroeger, R; Kroseberg, J; Kukartsev, G; Kutter, P E; Kyberd, P; La Vaissière, C de; Lacker, H M; Lae, C K; Lafferty, G D; Lanceri, L; Lange, D J; Lankford, A J; Latham, T E; Latour, E; Lau, Y P; Lazzaro, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lees, J P; Legendre, M; Leith, D W G S; Lepeltier, V; Leruste, P; Lewandowski, B; Li Gioi, L; Li, S; Li, X; Lista, L; Liu, F; Liu, H; Lo Vetere, M; LoSecco, J M; Lockman, W S; Lombardo, V; Long, O; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lopez-March, N; Lou, X C; Lu, M; Luitz, S; Lund, P; Luppi, E; Lusiani, A; Lutz, A M; Lynch, G; Lynch, H L; Lü, C; Lüth, V; MacFarlane, D B; Macri, M M; Mader, W F; Majewski, S A; Malcles, J; Mallik, U; Mancinelli, G; Mandelkern, M A; Marchiori, G; Margoni, M; Marks, J; Marsiske, H; Martin, E C; Martínez-Vidal, F; Mattison, T S; Mazur, M A; Mazzoni, M A; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T R; Mclachlin, S E; Meadows, B T; Mellado, B; Menges, W; Merkel, J; Messner, R; Meyer, N T; Meyer, W T; Mir, L M; Mishra, K; Mohanty, G B; Monge, M R; Monorchio, D; Moore, T B; Morandin, M; Morganti, M; Morganti, S; Morii, M; Morris, J P; Muheim, F; Müller, D R; Nagel, M; Narsky, I; Nash, J A; Nauenberg, U; Neal, H; Negrini, M; Neri, N; Nicholson, H; Nikolich, M B; Nogowski, R; Nugent, I M; O'Grady, C P; Ocariz, J; Ofte, I; Olaiya, E O; Olivas, A; Olsen, J; Onuchin, A P; Orimoto, T J; Oyanguren, A; Ozcan, V E; Paar, H P; Pacetti, S; Palano, A; Palombo, F; Pan, B; Pan, Y; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Paoloni, E; Paolucci, P; Pappagallo, M; Park, W; Passaggio, S; Patel, P M; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Payne, D J; Pelizaeus, M; Pelliccioni, M; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Peruzzi, I M; Peters, K; Petersen, B A; Petrella, A; Petzold, A; Piatenko, T; Piccolo, D; Piccolo, M; Piemontese, L; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Playfer, S; Poireau, V; Polci, F; Pompili, A; Porter, F C; Posocco, M; Potter, C T; Prell, S; Prencipe, E; Prepost, R; Pripstein, M; Prudent, X; Pruvot, S; Pulliam, T; Purohit, M V; Qi, N D; Rahatlou, S; Rahimi, A M; Rahmat, R; Rama, M; Ratcliff, B N; Raven, G; Regensburger, J J; Ricciardi, S; Richman, J D; Ritchie, J L; Rizzo, G; Roberts, D A; Robertson, A I; Robertson, S H; Robutti, E; Rodier, S; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Roney, J M; Rong, G; Roodman, A; Rosenberg, E I; Rotondo, M; Roudeau, P; Rubin, A E; Röthel, W; Sacco, R; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Salnikov, A A; Salvati, E; Salvatore, F; Sanders, D A; Santroni, A; Saremi, S; Schalk, T; Schenk, S; Schilling, C J; Schindler, R H; Schofield, K C; Schott, G; Schröder, T; Schröder, H; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schumm, B A; Schune, M H; Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Serrano, J; Sharma, V; Shen, B C; Sherwood, D J; Simard, M; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snoek, H L; Snyder, A; Sobie, R J; Soffer, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Sordini, V; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spitznagel, M; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stocchi, A; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Strube, J; Stugu, B; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Tackmann, K; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Thiebaux, C; Thompson, J M; Tisserand, V; Todyshev, K Yu; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Ulmer, K A; Uwer, U; Van Bakel, N; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Viaud, F B; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Volk, A; Wacker, K; Wagner, A P; Wagner, S R; Waldi, R; Walker, D; Walsh, J J; Wang, P; Wang, W F; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Wenzel, W A; West, T J; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Wilson, F F; Wilson, J R; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Winstrom, L O; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wren, A C; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Wulsin, H W; Xie, Y; Yamamoto, R K; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yi, J I; Yi, K; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yéche, C; Zain, S B; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q; Zghiche, A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Ziegler, V; Zito, M; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; al, et
2006-01-01
We present measurements of CP-violating asymmetries in the decay B0 -> a_1(1260)^{+-} pi^{-+} with a_1(1260)^{+-} -> pi^{-+} pi^{+-} pi^{+-}. The data sample corresponds to 384 million B B-bar pairs collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B-factory at SLAC. We measure the CP-violating asymmetry A^{a_1 \\pi}_{CP}=-0.07+-0.07+-0.02, the mixing-induced CP violation parameter S_{a_1 \\pi}= 0.37 +-0.21+-0.07, the direct CP violation parameter C_{a_1 \\pi}=-0.10+-0.15+-0.09, and the parameters \\Delta C_{a_1 \\pi}=0.26+-0.15+-0.07 and \\Delta S_{a_1\\pi}=-0.14+-0.21+-0.06. From these measured quantities we determine the angle \\alpha_{\\rm eff}= 78.6^{\\circ} +- 7.3^{\\circ}.
CP violation in h → ττ and LFV h → μτ
Hayreter, Alper; He, Xiao-Gang; Valencia, German
2016-09-01
The CMS Collaboration has reported a possible lepton flavor violating (LFV) signal h → μτ. Whereas this does not happen in the standard model (SM), we point out that new physics responsible for this type of decay would, in general, also produce charge-parity (CP) violation in h → ττ. We estimate the size of this effect in a model independent manner and find that a large asymmetry, of order 25%, is allowed by current constraints.
Measurement of CP-violation asymmetries in D-0 -> K-S(0)pi(+)pi(-)
Aaltonen, T.; Gonzalez, B.A.; Amerio, S.; Lysák, Roman
2012-01-01
Roč. 86, č. 3 (2012), 032007/1-032007/15. ISSN 1550-7998 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC527 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : Batavia TEVATRON * CP asymmetry * CP violation * D0 hadronic decay * CDF * Dalitz plot * isobar model Subject RIV: BF - Elementary Particles and High Energy Physics Impact factor: 4.691, year: 2012 http://arxiv.org/abs/arXiv:1207.0825
Higgs boson searches in CP-conserving and CP-violating MSSM scenarios with the DELPHI detector
Abdallah, J; Adam, W; Adzic, P; Albrecht, T; Alemany-Fernandez, R; Allmendinger, T; Allport, P P; Amaldi, Ugo; Amapane, N; Amato, S; Anashkin, E; Andreazza, A; Andringa, S; Anjos, N; Antilogus, P; Apel, W D; Arnoud, Y; Ask, S; Åsman, B; Augustin, J E; Augustinus, A; Baillon, P; Ballestrero, A; Bambade, P; Barbier, R; Bardin, D; Barker, G J; Baroncelli, A; Battaglia, M; Baubillier, M; Becks, K H; Begalli, M; Behrmann, A; Ben-Haim, E; Benekos, N; Benvenuti, A; Bérat, C; Berggren, M; Berntzon, L; Bertrand, D; Besançon, M; Besson, N; Bloch, D; Blom, M; Bluj, M; Bonesini, M; Boonekamp, M; Booth, P S L; Borisov, G; Botner, O; Bouquet, B; Bowcock, T J V; Boyko, I; Bracko, M; Brenner, R; Brodet, E; Brückman, P; Brunet, J M; Buschbeck, B; Buschmann, P; Calvi, M; Camporesi, T; Canale, V; Carena, F; Castro, N; Cavallo, F; Chapkin, M; Charpentier, P; Checchia, P; Chierici, R; Shlyapnikov, P; Chudoba, J; Chung, S U; Cieslik, K; Collins, P; Contri, R; Cosme, G; Cossutti, F; Costa, M J; Crennell, D J; Cuevas-Maestro, J; D'Hondt, J; Dalmau, J; Da Silva, T; Da Silva, W; Della Ricca, G; De Angelis, A; de Boer, Wim; De Clercq, C; De Lotto, B; De Maria, N; De Min, A; De Paula, L; Di Ciaccio, L; Di Simone, A; Doroba, K; Drees, J; Eigen, G; Ekelöf, T J C; Ellert, M; Elsing, M; Espirito-Santo, M C; Fanourakis, G K; Fassouliotis, D; Feindt, M; Fernández, J; Ferrer, A; Ferro, F; Flagmeyer, U; Föth, H; Fokitis, E; Fulda-Quenzer, F; Fuster, J; Gandelman, M; García, C; Gavillet, P; Gazis, E; Gokieli, R; Golob, B; Gómez-Ceballos, G; Gonçalves, P; Graziani, E; Grosdidier, G; Grzelak, K; Guy, J; Haag, C; Hallgren, A; Hamacher, K; Hamilton, K; Haug, S; Hauler, F; Hedberg, V; Hennecke, M; Herr, H; Hoffman, J; Holmgren, S O; Holt, P J; Houlden, M A; Jackson, J N; Jarlskog, G; Jarry, P; Jeans, D; Johansson, E K; Johansson, P D; Jonsson, P; Joram, C; Jungermann, L; Kapusta, F; Katsanevas, S; Katsoufis, E; Kernel, G; Kersevan, B P; Kerzel, U; King, B T; Kjaer, N J; Kluit, P; Kokkinias, P; Kourkoumelis, C; Kuznetsov, O; Krumshtein, Z; Kucharczyk, M; Lamsa, J; Leder, G; Ledroit, F; Leinonen, L; Leitner, R; Lemonne, J; Lepeltier, V; Lesiak, T; Liebig, W; Liko, D; Lipniacka, A; Lopes, J H; López, J M; Loukas, D; Lutz, P; Lyons, L; MacNaughton, J; Malek, A; Maltezos, S; Mandl, F; Marco, J; Marco, R; Maréchal, B; Margoni, M; Marin, J C; Mariotti, C; Markou, A; Martínez-Rivero, C; Masik, J; Mastroyiannopoulos, N; Matorras, F; Matteuzzi, C; Mazzucato, F; Mazzucato, M; McNulty, R; Meroni, C; Migliore, E; Mitaroff, W A; Mjörnmark, U; Moa, T; Moch, M; Mönig, K; Monge, R; Montenegro, J; Moraes, D; Moreno, S; Morettini, P; Müller, U; Münich, K; Mulders, M; Mundim, L; Murray, W; Muryn, B; Myatt, G; Myklebust, T; Nassiakou, M; Navarria, F; Nawrocki, K; Nicolaidou, R; Nikolenko, M; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V F; Olshevski, A; Onofre, A; Orava, R; Österberg, K; Ouraou, A; Oyanguren, A; Paganoni, M; Paiano, S; Palacios, J P; Palka, H; Papadopoulou, T D; Pape, L; Parkes, C; Parodi, F; Parzefall, U; Passeri, A; Passon, O; Peralta, L; Perepelitsa, V; Perrotta, A; Petrolini, A; Piedra, J; Pieri, L; Pierre, F; Pimenta, M; Piotto, E; Podobnik, T; Poireau, V; Pol, M E; Polok, G; Pozdnyakov, V; Pukhaeva, N; Pullia, A; Rames, J; Read, A; Rebecchi, P; Rehn, J; Reid, D; Reinhardt, R; Renton, P B; Richard, F; Rídky, J; Rivero, M; Rodríguez, D; Romero, A; Ronchese, P; Roudeau, P; Rovelli, T; Ruhlmann-Kleider, V; Ryabtchikov, D; Sadovskii, A; Salmi, L; Salt, J; Sander, C; Savoy-Navarro, A; Schwickerath, U; Sekulin, R; Siebel, M; Sisakian, A; Smadja, G; Smirnova, O; Sokolov, A; Sopczak, A; Sosnowski, R; Spassoff, Tz; Stanitzki, M; Stocchi, A; Strauss, J; Stugu, B; Szczekowski, M; Szeptycka, M; Szumlak, T; Tabarelli de Fatis, T; Taffard, A C; Tegenfeldt, F; Timmermans, J; Tkatchev, L; Tobin, M; Todorovova, S; Tomé, B; Tonazzo, A; Tortosa, P; Travnicek, P; Treille, D; Tristram, G; Trochimczuk, M; Troncon, C; Turluer, M L; Tyapkin, I A; Tyapkin, P; Tzamarias, S; Uvarov, V; Valenti, G; van Dam, P; Van Eldik, J; Van Remortel, N; Van Vulpen, I; Vegni, G; Veloso, F; Venus, W; Verdier, P; Verzi, V; Vilanova, D; Vitale, L; Vrba, V; Wahlen, H; Washbrook, A J; Weiser, C; Wicke, D; Wickens, J; Wilkinson, G; Winter, M; Witek, M; Yushchenko, O; Zalewska-Bak, A; Zalewski, P; Zavrtanik, D; Zhuravlov, V; Zimin, N I; Zintchenko, A; Zupan, M
2008-01-01
This paper presents the final interpretation of the results from DELPHI on the searches for Higgs bosons in the Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM). A few representative scenarios are considered, that include CP conservation and explicit CP violation in the Higgs sector. The experimental results encompass the searches for neutral Higgs bosons at LEP1 and LEP2 in final states as expected in the MSSM, as well as LEP2 searches for charged Higgs bosons and for neutral Higgs bosons decaying into hadrons independent of the quark flavour. The data reveal no significant excess with respect to background expectations. The results are translated into excluded regions of the parameter space in the various scenarios. In the CP-conserving case, these lead to limits on the masses of the lightest scalar and pseudoscalar Higgs bosons, h and A, and on tan(beta). The dependence of these limits on the top quark mass is discussed. Allowing for CP violation reduces the experimental sensitivity to Higgs b...
$A_4$ and CP symmetry and a model with maximal CP violation
Li, Cai-Chang; Ding, Gui-Jun
2016-01-01
We study a second CP symmetry compatible with the $A_4$ flavor group, which interchanges the representations $\\mathbf{1}'$ and $\\mathbf{1}"$. We analyze the lepton mixing patterns arising from the $A_4$ and CP symmetry broken to residual subgroups $Z_3$ and $Z_2\\times CP$ in the charged lepton and neutrino sectors respectively. One phenomenologically viable mixing pattern is found, and it predicts maximal atmospheric mixing angle as well as maximal Dirac CP phase, trivial Majorana phase and the correlation $\\sin^2\\theta_{12}\\cos^2\\theta_{13}=1/3$. We construct a concrete model based on the $A_4$ and CP symmetry, the above interesting mixing pattern is achieved, the observed charged lepton mass hierarchy is reproduced, and the reactor mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$ is of the correct order.
Towards the hot sphaleron rate and sizable CP violation in the Standard Model
In this work we study two aspects of the Standard Model related to baryogenesis at the electroweak scale. The first deals with CP violation. For some time now, it has been thought that CP violation within the Standard Model was too weak to be able to produce the baryon asymmetry of the universe. The argument is based on the small value of the Jarslkog's determinant, ∝10-19, but the latter is a perturbative calculation and CP violation in experiments can be much larger, e.g. in the Kaon system of order 10-3. With the use of the worldline method, we derive a oneloop effective action by integrating out the fermions in the next-to-leading order of a gradient expansion. The CP violation, previously present in the fermion sector, manifests as CP violating operators in the effective action. By treating the fermion masses non-perturbatively, albeit with their derivatives treated perturbatively as befits a gradient expansion, we find the operators not to be suppressed by the Jarlskog determinant, but by the Jarlskog invariant, which is of order 10-5. The second part of this work deals with the infrared analysis of Boedeker's effective theory, which encodes the dynamics of weakly coupled, non-abelian gauge fields at high temperature with characteristic momentum scale of order vertical stroke k vertical stroke ∝g2T. The motivation for this is the eventual analytic calculation of the hot sphaleron rate, which is directly proportional to the rate of baryon number violation in the symmetric phase. After transcribing Boedeker's effective theory from a Langevin equation into an Euclidean path integral, we derive Dyson-Schwinger equations. We introduce an ansatz intended to solve the infrared dominated equations, and find the expected enhanced gauge propagator. An analogous role to the ghost propagator in Yang-Mills theory is played by the mixed propagator, which is suppressed. (orig.)
Study of the CP-violating effects with gg → Η → τ+τ- process
Belyaev, N. L.; Konoplich, R. V.
2015-12-01
Study of the gg → Η → τ+τ- process was performed at Monte Carlo level within the framework of searching for CP-violating effects. The sensitivity of chosen observables to CP-parity of the Higgs boson was demonstrated for hadronic 1-prong τ decays (τ± → π±, ρ±). Monte Carlo samples for the gg → Η → τ+τ- process were generated including the parton hadronisation to final state particles. This generation was performed for the Standard Model Higgs boson, the pseudoscalar Higgs boson, the Z → τ+τ- background, and mixed CP-states of the Higgs boson.
Mixing among the neutral Higgs bosons and rare B decays in the CP-violating MSSM
Considering corrections from two-loop Feynman diagrams which involve a gluino at large tanβ, we analyze the effects of possible CP phases on the rare B decays: Bs→l+l- and B→Kl+l- in the CP violating minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model. It is shown that the results of exact two-loop calculations obviously differ from those including one-loop contributions plus threshold radiative corrections. The numerical analysis indicates that the possibly large CP phases strongly affect the theoretical estimation of the branching ratios, and these results coincide with the conclusion of some other works appearing in recent literature
Search for CP Violation in the Decays D0 --> K- K+ and D0 --> pi- pi+
Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H
2007-01-01
We measure CP-violating asymmetries of neutral charmed mesons in the modes D0 --> K- K+ and D0 --> pi- pi+ with the highest precision to date by using D0 --> K- pi+ decays to correct detector asymmetries. An analysis of 385.8 fb-1 of data collected with the BaBar detector yields values of aCP(KK) = (0.00 +/- 0.34 (stat.) +/- 0.13 (syst.))% and aCP(pipi) = (-0.24 +/- 0.52 (stat.) +/- 0.22 (syst.))%, which agree with Standard Model predictions.
CP violation in η, KL → μantiμ- decays and electric dipole moments of electron and muon
The CP-violating longitudinal polarization asymmetry PL of the outgoing muon in η → μμ- decays and the electric dipole moments of electron and muon (dl, l = e,μ) are studied in various extensions of the standard CP violation model. The possibility of having large PL in both decays and dl is explored
Search for $\\Lambda_{b}^{0} \\rightarrow [K^{+}\\pi^{-}]_{D}pK^{-}$ and the study of CP violation
Sirks, Ellen Laura
2016-01-01
CP violation has been observed in many processes, but has yet to be found in one key area: The decay of baryons. This project aims to search for the beauty baryon Lambda via its suppressed decay: $\\Lambda_{b}^{0} \\rightarrow [K^{+}\\pi^{-}]_{D}pK^{-}$ and to study CP violation in this mode.
Partial Quark-Lepton Universality and Neutrino CP Violation
We study a model with partial quark-lepton universality that can naturally arise in grand unified theories. We find that constraints on the model can be reduced to a single condition on the Dirac CP phase δ in the neutrino sector. Using our current knowledge of the CKM and PMNS mixing matrices, we predict -32.4°≤δ≤32.0° at 2σ
Measurement of CP Content and Time-Dependent CP Violation in B0 --> D*+D*- Decays
Anderson, Jacob M.
2009-01-05
This dissertation presents the measurement of the Cp-odd fraction and time-dependent CP violation parameters for the B{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} D*{sup -} decay. These results are based on the full BABAR dataset of (467 {+-} 5) x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs collected at the PEP-II B Factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. An angular analysis finds that the CP-odd fraction of the B{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} D*{sup -} decay is R{sub {perpendicular}} = 0.158 {+-} 0.028 {+-} 0.006, where the first uncertainty is statistical, and the second is systematic. A fit to the flavor-tagged, time-dependent, angular decay rate yields C{sub +} = 0.02 {+-} 0.12 {+-} 0.02; C{sub {perpendicular}} = 0.41 {+-} 0.50 {+-} 0.08; S{sub +} = -0.76 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.04; S{sub {perpendicular}} = -1.81 {+-} 0.71 {+-} 0.16, for the CP-odd ({perpendicular}) and CP-even (+) contributions. Constraining these two contributions to be the same results in C = 0.047 {+-} 0.091 {+-} 0.019; S = -0.71 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.03. These measurements are consistent with the Standard Model and with measurements of sin2{beta} from B{sup 0} {yields} (c{bar c})K{sup 0} decays.
Enhanced direct CP violation in B±,0 → π+π- K±,0
We investigate in a phenomenological way, direct CP violation in the hadronic decays B±,0 → π+π-K±,0 where the effect of ρ - ω mixing is included. If Nceff (the effective parameter associated with factorization) is constrained using the most recent experimental branching ratios (to ρ0K0, ρ±K-+, ρ±K0, ρ0K± and ωK±) from the BABAR, BELLE and CLEO Collaborations, we get a maximum CP violating asymmetry, amax, in the range -25% to +49% for B- → π+π-K- and -24% to +55% for B-bar0 → π+π-K-bar0. We also find that CP violation is strongly dependent on the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements. Finally, we show that the the sign of sin δ is always positive in the allowed range of Nceff and hence, a measurement of direct CP violation in B±,0 → π+π-K±,0 would remove the mod(π) ambiguity in arg [-VtsVtb* / VusVub*]. (authors)
The CP-violating asymmetry in K_L -> pi+ pi- e+ e-
Ecker, G; Pichl, H.
2001-01-01
We update the theoretical analysis of the CP-violating asymmetry in the decay K_L -> pi+ pi- e+ e-, relying on chiral perturbation theory and on the most recent phenomenological information. With the experimentally determined magnetic amplitude and branching ratio as input, the asymmetry can be calculated with good accuracy. The theoretical interpretation of the sign of the asymmetry is discussed.
Measuring CP-Violating Observables in Rare Top Decays at the LHC
Saha, Pratishruti; Bhattacharya, Bhubanjyoti; London, David; Szynkman, Alejandro; Melendez, Jordan
2015-01-01
In this paper we consider CP-violating new-physics contributions to the decay $t \\to b \\bar b c$. We examine the prospects for detecting such new physics at the LHC, which requires studying the process $gg \\to t (\\to b \\bar b c) \\bar t (\\to \\bar b \\ell \\bar \
A new tool for the study of the CP-violating NMSSM
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model open up the possibility for new types of CP-violation. We consider the case of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model where, beyond the phases from the soft lagrangian, CP-violation could enter the Higgs sector directly at tree-level through complex parameters in the superpotential. We develop a series of Fortran subroutines, cast within the public tool NMSSMTools and allowing for a phenomenological analysis of the CP-violating NMSSM. This new tool performs the computation of the masses and couplings of the various new physics states in this model: leading corrections to the sparticle masses are included; the precision for the Higgs masses and couplings reaches the full one-loop and leading two-loop order. The two-body Higgs and top decays are also attended. We use the public tools HiggsBounds and HiggsSignals to test the Higgs sector. Additional subroutines check the viability of the sparticle spectrum in view of LEP-limits and constrain the phases of the model via a confrontation to the experimentally measured Electric Dipole Moments. These tools will be made publicly available in the near future. In this paper, we detail the workings of our code and illustrate its use via a comparison with existing results. We also consider some consequences of CP-violation for the NMSSM Higgs sector.
Final State Interactions and CP Violation in $K_L \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- e^+ e^-$
Elwood, John K.; Wise, Mark B.; Savage, Martin J.; Walden, James W.
1995-01-01
Using chiral perturbation theory we calculate the imaginary parts of the $K_L \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- e^+ e^-$ form factors that arise from $\\pi \\pi \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $\\pi \\pi \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\gamma^*$ rescattering. We discuss their influence on CP violating variables in $K_L \\rightarrow \\pi^+ \\pi^- e^+ e^-$.
Pion-Kaon interaction effects on CP violation in B -> K pi+ pi- decays
Loiseau, B; Furman, A; Kaminski, R; Lesniak, L; Moussallam, B
2008-01-01
We apply QCD factorization to the quasi two-body B ->(K pi) pi decays where the (K pi)-pair effective mass is limited to 1.8 GeV. Our strong interaction phases constrained by theory and pi-K experimental data yield useful information for studies of CP violation
A new tool for the study of the CP-violating NMSSM
Domingo, Florian
2015-06-01
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model open up the possibility for new types of CP-violation. We consider the case of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model where, beyond the phases from the soft lagrangian, CP-violation could enter the Higgs sector directly at tree-level through complex parameters in the superpotential. We develop a series of Fortran subroutines, cast within the public tool NMSSMTools and allowing for a phenomenological analysis of the CP-violating NMSSM. This new tool performs the computation of the masses and couplings of the various new physics states in this model: leading corrections to the sparticle masses are included; the precision for the Higgs masses and couplings reaches the full one-loop and leading two-loop order. The two-body Higgs and top decays are also attended. We use the public tools HiggsBounds and HiggsSignals to test the Higgs sector. Additional subroutines check the viability of the sparticle spectrum in view of LEP-limits and constrain the phases of the model via a confrontation to the experimentally measured Electric Dipole Moments. These tools will be made publicly available in the near future. In this paper, we detail the workings of our code and illustrate its use via a comparison with existing results. We also consider some consequences of CP-violation for the NMSSM Higgs sector.
2π decay of the KL0 meson without CP violation
It is shown that assuming mixed-quark states in hadrons suggests that the two pion decay of the long-lived neutral kaon may be described without CP violation. The rate of this decay relative to the decay into all charged modes is estimated quite accurately in terms of the Cabibbo-mixing angle. (author)
Letter of intent for a study of CP violation in B meson decays
A major unresolved issue in the understanding of the Universe is how the current Universe evolved from the matter-antimatter symmetric Big Bang. CP-violating effects have played a key role in the development of the Universe. Since the Kobayashi-Maskawa hypothesis of six quarks has been substantiated, the K-M model for CP violation is now considered to be an essential part of the Standard Model. Observations indicated that it would be feasible to carry out the decisive tests of the K-M model by studying B meson decay. The observation of CP-violating asymmetry in B meson decay would be the first successful demonstration of a CP-violating effect outside K0 meson system, and would be the dramatic confirmation of the K-M model. In light of the strong competition in this research, the upgrade of the TRISTAN facility and the construction of a detector must be ready as early as possible. In this letter of intent for the experiment at National Laboratory for High Energy Physics B Factory, the goals of this experiment, detector requirements and optimization, accelerator-detector interface, the reference design, physics simulation, and cost, schedule and organization are described. (K.I.) 140 refs
Topologically induced local PandCP violation in QCD x QED
The existence of topological solutions and axial anomaly open a possibility of PandCP violation in QCD. For a reason that has not yet been established conclusively, this possibility is not realized in strong interactions - the experimental data indicate that a global PandCP violation in QCD is absent. Nevertheless, the fluctuations of topological charge in QCD vacuum, although not observable directly, are expected to play an important role in the breaking of UA(1) symmetry and in the mass spectrum and other properties of hadrons. Moreover, in the presence of very intense external electromagnetic fields topological solutions of QCD can induce localP-andCP-odd effects in the SUc(3)xUem(1) gauge theory that can be observed in experiment directly. Here I show how these local parity-violating phenomena can be described by using the Maxwell-Chern-Simons, or axion, electrodynamics as an effective theory. Local P-andCP-violation in hot QCD matter can be observed in experiment through the 'chiral magnetic effect' - the separation of electric charge along the axis of magnetic field. Very recently, STAR Collaboration presented an observation of the electric charge asymmetry with respect to reaction plane in relativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC.
The Rosner-Worah Type Quark Mass Matrix and Ansatz of Maximal CP Violation
Koide, Y
1993-01-01
A democratic form version of the Rosner-Worah quark mass matrix is discussed from a phenomenological point of view. It is pointed out that an ansatz of "maximal CP violation" can provide reasonable values of the Kobayashi-Maskawa mixings.
Dispersive contribution to K0-K-bar 0 transition and Higgs-boson-exchange model of CP violation
Dispersive π0, eta, and eta' pole contributions to CP-violating K0-K-bar 0 transition are analyzed for the Higgs-boson-exchange model of CP violation and are found to produce epsilon/sub m//xi much larger than the box-diagram contributions, independent of CP-violating ΔS = 1 matrix elements. The penguin-type CP-violating ΔS = 2 transition due to one-gluon exchange, not analyzed previously, is found to be negligible. This indicates that barring accidental cancellation of the low-energy and high-energy dispersive contributions, the Higgs-boson-exchange model of CP violation can still be acceptable with present data on epsilon'/epsilon
Abouzaid, E; Barker, A R; Barrio, M; Bellantoni, L; Blucher, E; Bock, G J; Bown, C; Cheu, E; Coleman, R; Corcoran, M D; Cox, B; Erwin, A R; Escobar, C O; Glazov, A; Golossanov, A; Gomes, R A; Gouffon, P; Graham, J; Hamm, J; Hsiung, Y B; Jensen, D A; Kessler, R; Kotera, K; LaDue, J; Ledovskoy, A; McBride, P L; Monnier, E; Nguyen, H; Niclasen, R; Phillips, D G; Prasad, V; Qi, X R; Ramberg, E J; Ray, R E; Ronquest, M; Roodman, A; Santos, E; Shanahan, P; Shawhan, P S; Slater, W; Smith, D; Solomey, N; Swallow, E C; Taegar, S A; Toale, P A; Tschirhart, R; Wah, Y W; Wang, J; White, H B; Whitmore, J; Wilking, M J; Winstein, B; Winston, R; Worcester, E T; Yamanaka, T; Zimmerman, E D; Zukanovich, R F
2010-01-01
We present precise tests of CP and CPT symmetry based on the full dataset of K to pipi decays collected by the KTeV experiment at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory during 1996, 1997, and 1999. This dataset contains 16 million K to 2pi0 and 69 million K to pi+pi- decays. We measure the direct CP violation parameter Re(epsilon'/epsilon) = (19.2 pm 2.1)x10-4. We find the KL-KS mass difference Deltam = (5270 pm 12)x10^6 hbar/s and the KS lifetime tauS = (89.62 pm 0.05)x10-12 s. We also measure several parameters that test CPT invariance. We find the difference between the phase of the indirect CP violation parameter, epsilon, and the superweak phase, phi epsilon - phiSW = (0.40 pm 0.56) degrees. We measure the difference of the relative phases between the CP violating and CP conserving decay amplitudes for K to pi+pi- (phi+-) and for K to 2pi0 (phi00), Delta phi = (0.30 pm 0.35) degrees. From these phase measurements, we place a limit on the mass difference between K0 and K0bar, DeltaM < 4.8 x 10-19 GeV/c^...
A mini review on CP-violating minimal supersymmetric Standard Model Higgs
AMIT CHAKRABORTY; DILIP KUMAR GHOSH
2016-09-01
We discuss the present status of the Higgs sector of the CP-violating minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (CPVMSSM). In the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, the only source of CP violation is the complex phase in the Cabibbo–Kobayashi–Maskawa (CKM) matrix. By now we all know that this singlephase is not large enough to explain the observed baryon asymmetry of our Universe. Hence, one require additional sources of CP violation. The MSSM with several complex phases is one such scenario. The tree-level CP invariance of the MSSM Higgs potential is broken at one-loop level in the presence of complex phases in the MSSM Lagrangian. The presence of these additional phases modifies Higgs masses, mixings and couplings significantly. These additional phases have non-trivial impact on several low-energy observables; like the electric dipole moments (EDMs) of atoms and molecules, the CP asymmetry in rare b-decays etc. We first present a brief outline of the CPVMSSM Higgs sector, and then discuss the current limits/bounds obtained from the measurementsof several low-energy observables. We also comment on the current bounds coming from the high-energy collider experiments, specially the Large Electron Positron (LEP) Collider and the ongoing Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the CERN.
Is there room for CP violation in the top-Higgs sector?
Cirigliano, V; de Vries, J; Mereghetti, E
2016-01-01
We discuss direct and indirect probes of chirality-flipping couplings of the top quark to Higgs and gauge bosons, considering both CP-conserving and CP-violating observables, in the framework of the Standard Model effective field theory. In our analysis we include current and prospective constraints from collider physics, precision electroweak tests, flavor physics, and electric dipole moments (EDMs). We find that low-energy indirect probes are very competitive, even after accounting for long-distance uncertainties. In particular, EDMs put constraints on the electroweak CP-violating dipole moments of the top that are two to three orders of magnitude stronger than existing limits. The new indirect constraint on the top EDM is given by $|d_t| < 6 \\cdot 10^{-20}$ e cm at $90\\%$ C.L.
Standard Model CP violation in Polarised $b\\to dl^{+}l^{-}$
Babu, K S; Schienbein, I
2003-01-01
In the standard model, we study CP violating rate asymmetries in the decay b->d l^+ l^- when one of the leptons is polarised. We find an asymmetry of (5 -- 15)% in the polarised decay spectrum which is comparable to known results for the unpolarised case. In the kinematic region separating the rho-omega and $c \\bar c$ resonances, which is also theoretically cleanest, the polarised contribution to the asymmetry is larger than the unpolarised results. In order to observe a 3 sigma signal for direct CP violation in the polarised spectrum, assuming 100% efficiency, about 10^10 $B \\bar B$ pairs are required at a B factory. Our results indicate an asymmetric contribution from the individual polarisation states to the unpolarised CP asymmetry. Taking advantage of this, one can attribute any new physics to be most sensitive to a specific polarisation state.
Standard model CP violation in polarised b → dl+l-
In the standard model, we study CP violating rate asymmetries in the decay b → dl+l- when one of the leptons is polarised. We find an asymmetry of (5 / 15)% in the polarised decay spectrum which is comparable to known results for the unpolarised case. In the kinematic region separating the ρ - ω and cc resonances, which is also theoretically cleanest, the polarised contribution to the asymmetry is larger than the unpolarised results. In order to observe a 3σ signal for direct CP violation in the polarised spectrum, assuming 100% efficiency, about 1010 BB pairs are required at a B factory. Our results indicate an asymmetric contribution from the individual polarisation states to the unpolarised CP asymmetry. Taking advantage of this, one can attribute any new physics to be most sensitive to a specific polarisation state. (orig.)
CP violation in polarized $b \\to d l^+ l^-$: A Detailed Standard Model Analysis
Babu, K S; Schienbein, I
2003-01-01
The electroweak CP violating rate asymmetries in the decay $b \\to d l^+ l^-$ are reexamined in detail and updated. In particular, the rate asymmetries are studied when one of the final state leptons is polarised. We find an estimate for the asymmetry of (5-15)% in the polarised decay spectrum which is close to known results for the unpolarised case. Interestingly, in the region separating the $\\rho-\\omega$ and $c \\bar c$ resonances, which is also theoretically cleanest, the polarised contribution to the asymmetry is larger than the unpolarised result. A $3\\sigma$ signal for direct CP violation, requires about 10^{10} $B \\bar B$ pairs at a B factory. In general these results indicate an asymmetric contribution from the individual polarisation states to the unpolarised CP asymmetry; an atribute for any new physics searches.
Supersymmetric explanation of CP violation in $K \\to \\pi\\pi$ decays
Kitahara, Teppei; Tremper, Paul
2016-01-01
Recent progress in the determination of hadronic matrix elements has revealed a tension between the measured value of $\\epsilon^{\\prime}_K/\\epsilon_K$, which quantifies direct CP-violation in $K \\to \\pi\\pi$ decays, and the Standard-Model prediction. The well-understood indirect CP violation encoded in the quantity $\\epsilon_K$ typically precludes large new-physics contributions to $\\epsilon^{\\prime}_K/\\epsilon_K$ and challenges such an explanation of the discrepancy. We show that it is possible to cure the $\\epsilon^{\\prime}_K/\\epsilon_K$ anomaly in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with squark masses above 3 TeV without overshooting $\\epsilon_K$. This solution exploits two features of supersymmetry, the possibility of large isospin-breaking contributions (enhancing $\\epsilon^{\\prime}_K$) and the Majorana nature of gluinos (permitting a suppression of $\\epsilon_K$). Our solution involves no fine-tuning of CP phases or other parameters.
D0-D-bar0 mixing and CP violation from focus experiment
Measurement results on D0-D-bar0 mixing and CP violation are presented. FOCUS is the fixed target experiment at Fermilab and results are based on a high statistics photo-produced charm sample collected during 96-97 run. We reconstructed more than 1 million charmed particles and compared the lifetimes of two D0 meson decays to K-π+ and K-K+. We obtained a mixing parameter, ycp, is (3.42±1.39±0.74)%. We also searched CP asymmetries in D+→K-K+π+, D0→K-K+ and D0→π-π+ decay modes. We did not see any evidence of CP violation by comparing the decay rates for particle and antiparticle. (author)
Formica, A
2001-10-01
The 2 first chapters of this thesis are dedicated to the theoretical and experimental aspects of CP violation. The NA48 experiment is a third generation experiment like KTeV, NA48 has been designed to collect data concerning the simultaneous detection of the 4 decay modes: K{sub L,S} {yields} {pi}{pi} and to provide the measurement of the parameter of direct CP violation with an uncertainty nearing 2*10{sup -4}. The third chapter describes the experimental equipment of NA48 in CERN: the production of K{sub L} and K{sub S} beams, the tagging system, the detection system for K {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, the detection system for K {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, the data acquisition system, and the trigger system. Chapter 4 is dedicated to the selection and identification of events. Chapter 5 deals with specific problems concerning the detection of {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, it means: the dead time in the triggering system, the overflow of the chamber reading system and the inefficiency of shift chambers. Chapter 6 lists the different corrections and systematic errors concerning the double ratio R, and gives the following result: Re({epsilon}'/{epsilon}=(14.4{+-}2.6)*10{sup -4}) which is by itself, for the first time, an evidence of direct violation. (A.C.)
Bigi, I.
1999-01-01
The narrative of these lectures contains three main threads: (i) CP violation despite having so far been observed only in the decays of neutral kaons has been recognized as a phenomenon of truly fundamental importance. The KM ansatz constitutes the minimal implementation of CP violation: without requiring unknown degrees of freedom it can reproduce the known CP phenomenology in a nontrivial way. (ii) The physics of beauty hadrons -- in particular their weak decays -- opens a novel window onto...
CP-Violation in Beautiful-Strange Oscillations at LHCb
Currie, Robert A
The LHCb experiment is an experiment based at the LHC in Geneva and is dedicated to the study of mesons containing bottom and charm quarks. One of the primary goals of the physics at LHCb is to measure $\\mathcal{C}\\mathcal{P}\\text{-violating}$ effects which lead to a dominance of matter over anti-matter in the universe. This thesis presents the measurement of the $\\mathcal{C}\\mathcal{P}\\text{-violating}$ phase $\\phi_s$ which is one of the golden channels at LHCb. This phase is observed as the interference between mixing of $B^0_{s}\\leftrightarrow \\overline{B^0_{s}}$ and decay of $B_s^0\\rightarrow J/\\psi\\,K^{+}K^{-}$. The results, based upon the 1.0$\\,\\text{fb}^{-1}$ dataset collected by LHCb during 2011, are: $\\phi_{s}=0.07\\pm0.09\\pm0.01$ rad, $\\Delta\\Gamma_{s}=0.100\\pm0.016\\pm0.002$ ps$^{-1}$ $\\Gamma_{s}=0.663\\pm0.005\\pm0.006$ ps$^{-1}$. This analysis is also able to measure the mixing parameter $\\Delta m_s=17.71\\pm0.10\\pm0.01\\,\\text{ps}^{-1}$. To improve upon this measurement the $B_s^0\\rightarrow J/\\psi\\,K...
Looking from the east at an elephant trotting west:1 direct /CP violation in B0 decays
Bigi, I. I.
2002-05-01
With the time dependent CP asymmetry in Bd(t)-->ψKS well measured, the most powerful method to search for direct CP violation in Bd decays is to analyze whether the CP asymmetry of other transitions like Bd(t)-->π+π- ,η'KS, etc., can be described by a /sin term taken from Bd(t)-->ψKS and without a /cos term. The failure of such a constrained fit would establish direct CP violation (even if no CP asymmetry were observed in these other modes).
The Higgs Boson Sector of the Next-to-MSSM with CP Violation
Cheung, Kingman; Lee, Jae Sik; Senaha, Eibun
2010-01-01
We perform a comprehensive study of the Higgs sector in the framework of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) with CP-violating parameters in the superpotential and in the soft-supersymmetry-breaking sector. Since the CP is no longer a good symmetry, the two CP-odd and the three CP-even Higgs bosons of the NMSSM in the CP-conserving limit will mix. We show explicitly how the mass spectrum and couplings to gauge bosons of the various Higgs bosons change when the CP-violating phases take on nonzero values. We include full one-loop and the logarithmically enhanced two-loop effects employing the renormalization-group (RG) improved approach. In addition, the LEP limits, the global minimum condition, and the positivity of the square of the Higgs-boson mass have been imposed. We demonstrate the effects on the Higgs mass spectrum and the couplings to gauge bosons with and without the RG improved corrections. Substantial modifications to the allowed parameter space happen because of the changes to...
Violation of CP invariance for neutral K0-, D0-, Bd0-, Bs0-mesons and quarks in weak interactions
CP violation in the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix was introduced by using phase which is the same for the three families of quarks. However, analysis of CP violation of mesons has shown that new small-angle mixings appear besides of CP phases. This work is devoted to the consideration of possible schemes for introducing CP violation. It is noted that in general case it is not correct to use CP phase only for the first and third quark families as it is usually introduced. CP phase has to be presented for all quark families, and moreover these phases cannot be the same for all families. Besides, a common case of CP violation was considered for K0, D0, Bd0, Bs0 mesons, where mixing angles and phases are present at CP violation. Expressions for transition probabilities for these processes are given. In conclusion, mixing of d, s, b quarks at CP violation was considered with taking into account their angle mixings and phases.
A Study of Factorization and a Measurement of CP Violation
Dahmes, Bryan
2008-01-16
We report on a study of the decay {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} {omega}{pi}{sup -} with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II B-factory at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Based on a sample of 232 million B{sup 0}{bar B}{sup 0} decays collected between 1999 and 2004, we measure the branching fraction {Beta}({bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} {omega}{pi}{sup -}) = (2.88 {+-} 0.21(stat.) {+-} 0.31(syst.)) x 10{sup -3}. We study the invariant mass spectrum of the {omega}{pi}{sup -} system in this decay. This spectrum is in good agreement with expectations based on factorization and the measured spectrum in {tau}{sup -} {yields} {omega}{pi}{sup -} {nu}{sub {tau}}. We also measure the polarization of the D*{sup +} as a function of the {omega}{pi}{sup -} mass. In the mass region 1.1 to 1.9 GeV we measure the fraction of longitudinal polarization of the D*{sup +} to be {Lambda}{sub L}/{Lambda} = 0.654 {+-} 0.042(stat.) {+-} 0.016(syst.). This is in agreement with the expectations from heavy-quark effective theory and factorization assuming that the decay proceeds as {bar B}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +} {rho}(1450){sup -}, {rho}(1450){sup -} {yields} {omega}{pi}{sup -}. Furthermore, we present the results on the time-dependent CP asymmetry in neutral B meson decays to the CP eigenstate J/{psi}K{sub L}. The measurements use a data sample of about 88 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} decays collected between 1999 and 2002 with the BABAR detector. We study events in which one neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in the J/{psi}K{sub L} final state and the other B meson is determined to be either a B{sup 0} or a {bar B}{sup 0} from its decay products. The amplitude of the CP asymmetry, which in the Standard Model is proportional to sin 2{beta}, is derived from the decay-time distributions in such events. We measure sin 2{beta} = 0.723 {+-} 0.158(stat.) {+-} 0.086(syst.), which is consistent with Standard Model expectations.
Effect of CP violation in bilinear R-parity violation on baryogenesis
Cheriguene, Asma; Langenfeld, Ulrich; Porod, Werner [Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Liebler, Stefan [Universitaet Wuppertal (Germany)
2013-07-01
Supersymmetric models where R-parity is broken via lepton number violation provides an intrinsically supersymmetric explanation for the observed neutrino. The complex phases of the corresponding parameters are constrained by the observed matter anti-matter asymmetry of the universe. Taking bilinear R-parity violation as framework in combination with the assumption of a large lepton asymmetry generated via the Affleck-Dine mechanism at the end of inflation we investigate these constraints in the parameter range compatible with neutrino data.
Effect of CP violation in bilinear R-parity violation on baryogenesis
Supersymmetric models where R-parity is broken via lepton number violation provides an intrinsically supersymmetric explanation for the observed neutrino. The complex phases of the corresponding parameters are constrained by the observed matter anti-matter asymmetry of the universe. Taking bilinear R-parity violation as framework in combination with the assumption of a large lepton asymmetry generated via the Affleck-Dine mechanism at the end of inflation we investigate these constraints in the parameter range compatible with neutrino data.
Agarwalla, S K; Aittola, M; Alekou, A; Andrieu, B; Antoniou, F; Asfandiyarov, R; Autiero, D; Bésida, O; Balik, A; Ballett, P; Bandac, I; Banerjee, D; Bartmann, W; Bay, F; Biskup, B; Blebea-Apostu, A M; Blondel, A; Bogomilov, M; Bolognesi, S; Borriello, E; Brancus, I; Bravar, A; Buizza-Avanzini, M; Caiulo, D; Calin, M; Calviani, M; Campanelli, M; Cantini, C; Cata-Danil, G; Chakraborty, S; Charitonidis, N; Chaussard, L; Chesneanu, D; Chipesiu, F; Crivelli, P; Dawson, J; De Bonis, I; Declais, Y; Sanchez, P Del Amo; Delbart, A; Di Luise, S; Duchesneau, D; Dumarchez, J; Efthymiopoulos, I; Eliseev, A; Emery, S; Enqvist, T; Enqvist, K; Epprecht, L; Erykalov, A N; Esanu, T; Franco, D; Friend, M; Galymov, V; Gavrilov, G; Gendotti, A; Giganti, C; Gilardoni, S; Goddard, B; Gomoiu, C M; Gornushkin, Y A; Gorodetzky, P; Haesler, A; Hasegawa, T; Horikawa, S; Huitu, K; Izmaylov, A; Jipa, A; Kainulainen, K; Karadzhov, Y; Khabibullin, M; Khotjantsev, A; Kopylov, A N; Korzenev, A; Kosyanenko, S; Kryn, D; Kudenko, Y; Kuusiniemi, P; Lazanu, I; Lazaridis, C; Levy, J -M; Loo, K; Maalampi, J; Margineanu, R M; Marteau, J; Martin-Mari, C; Matveev, V; Mazzucato, E; Mefodiev, A; Mineev, O; Mirizzi, A; Mitrica, B; Murphy, S; Nakadaira, T; Narita, S; Nesterenko, D A; Nguyen, K; Nikolics, K; Noah, E; Novikov, Yu; Oprima, A; Osborne, J; Ovsyannikova, T; Papaphilippou, Y; Pascoli, S; Patzak, T; Pectu, M; Pennacchio, E; Periale, L; Pessard, H; Popov, B; Ravonel, M; Rayner, M; Resnati, F; Ristea, O; Robert, A; Rubbia, A; Rummukainen, K; Saftoiu, A; Sakashita, K; Sanchez-Galan, F; Sarkamo, J; Saviano, N; Scantamburlo, E; Sergiampietri, F; Sgalaberna, D; Shaposhnikova, E; Slupecki, M; Smargianaki, D; Stanca, D; Steerenberg, R; Sterian, A R; Sterian, P; Stoica, S; Strabel, C; Suhonen, J; Suvorov, V; Toma, G; Tonazzo, A; Trzaska, W H; Tsenov, R; Tuominen, K; Valram, M; Vankova-Kirilova, G; Vannucci, F; Vasseur, G; Velotti, F; Velten, P; Venturi, V; Viant, T; Vihonen, S; Vincke, H; Vorobyev, A; Weber, A; Wu, S; Yershov, N; Zambelli, L; Zito, M
2014-01-01
One of the main goals of the Long Baseline Neutrino Observatory (LBNO) is to study the $L/E$ behaviour (spectral information) of the electron neutrino and antineutrino appearance probabilities, in order to determine the unknown CP-violation phase $\\delta_{CP}$ and discover CP-violation in the leptonic sector. The result is based on the measurement of the appearance probabilities in a broad range of energies, covering t he 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima, at a very long baseline of 2300 km. The sensitivity of the experiment can be maximised by optimising the energy spectra of the neutrino and anti-neutrino fluxes. Such an optimisation requires exploring an extended range of parameters describing in details the geometries and properties of the primary protons, hadron target and focusing elements in the neutrino beam line. In this paper we present a numerical solution that leads to an optimised energy spectra and study its impact on the sensitivity of LBNO to discover leptonic CP violation. In the optimised flux ...
Measurement of CP violation in $B_s^0 \\to \\phi \\phi$ decays
Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Balagura, Vladislav; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Borsato, Martino; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brambach, Tobias; van den Brand, Johannes; Bressieux, Joël; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Busetto, Giovanni; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Ciba, Krzystof; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Counts, Ian; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dujany, Giulio; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; García Pardiñas, Julián; Garofoli, Justin; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gaspar, Clara; Gauld, Rhorry; Gavardi, Laura; Gavrilov, Gennadii; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianelle, Alessio; Giani', Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gordon, Hamish; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hunt, Philip; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kaballo, Michael; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Karodia, Sarah; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Klaver, Suzanne; Klimaszewski, Konrad; Kochebina, Olga; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kozlinskiy, Alexandr; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucewicz, Wojciech; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Langhans, Benedikt; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Likhomanenko, Tatiana; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Guoming; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lopez-March, Neus; Lowdon, Peter; Lu, Haiting; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martens, Aurelien; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Moggi, Niccolò; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Morris, Adam Benjamin; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Mussini, Manuel; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; O'Hanlon, Daniel Patrick; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pazos Alvarez, Antonio; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Price, Eugenia; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rama, Matteo; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Sophie; Rihl, Mariana; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Roa Romero, Diego; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruffini, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Saunders, Daniel Martin; Savrie, Mauro; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Seco, Marcos; Semennikov, Alexander; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Simi, Gabriele; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Sparkes, Ailsa; Spradlin, Patrick; Sridharan, Srikanth; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Marian; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Stroili, Roberto; Subbiah, Vijay Kartik; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szilard, Daniela; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; Voss, Helge; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wiedner, Dirk; Wilkinson, Guy; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wu, Suzhi; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang; Zvyagin, Alexander
2014-01-01
A measurement of the decay time dependent $CP$-violating asymmetry in $B_s^0 \\to \\phi\\phi$ decays is presented, along with measurements of the $T$-odd triple-product asymmetries. In this decay channel, the $CP$-violating weak phase arises from the interference between $B_s^0$-$\\overline{B}_s^0$ mixing and the loop-induced decay amplitude. Using a sample of proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $3.0\\, fb^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector, a signal yield of approximately 4000 $B_s^0 \\to \\phi\\phi$ decays is obtained. The $CP$-violating phase is measured to be ${\\phi_s =-0.17\\pm0.15\\mathrm{\\,(stat)}\\pm0.03\\mathrm{\\,(syst)}}$ rad. The triple-product asymmetries are measured to be ${A_U=-0.003\\pm0.017\\mathrm{\\,(stat)}\\pm0.006\\mathrm{\\,(syst)}}$ and ${A_V=-0.017\\pm0.017\\mathrm{\\,(stat)}\\pm0.006\\mathrm{\\,(syst)}}$. Results are consistent with the hypothesis of $CP$ conservation.
CP violation in electron-positron and proton-antiproton collisions
In this thesis possible CP tests in e-+e-- and panti p collisions were presented and analyzed. In chapter 3 3-jet exclusive and 2-jet inclusive reactions of the electron-positron scattering were considered. It is shown that one is here sensitive to possible CP violation in the anti qqZG vertex with the dimensionless coupling constants hqA,V for the vector and the axial-vector contribution. By means of Monte Carlo calculations it can be shown that couplings hqA,V of 0.3 at a c. m. energy of 200 GeV respectively 0.06 at a c. m. energy of 500 GeV can still be detected. In chapter 4 the density matrix of the Z boson was analyzed, which is produced in the reaction anti p+p→Z+jet+X. Also in this experiment it is possible to test CP violation in the effective vertex anti qqZG. The density matrix of the Z boson was decomposed into cartesic tensors and the coefficients of this decomposition plotted in dependence of the pseudorapidity (2 values) and the transverse momentum of the Z boson in diagrams. If in the framework of the measurement accuracy CP violation is present the dimensionless vector and axial-vector coupling constants for the CP violating four-vertex anti qqZG must be smaller than O(10-1) at 105 produced Z bosons and a c. m. energy of 630 GeV. In this reaction also a possibility resulted to determine by measurement of the tensor polarization of the Z boson the gluon distribution function. In chapter 5 briefly a CP test was discussed, which is sensitive to possible CP violation in the 3-gluon vertex in the reaction anti p+p→3jets+X. For 106 possible events (for a c. m. energy of 630 GeV) for the coupling constant as bound 0.32x10-3 GeV-2 can be given. (orig./HSI)
Post-ACME2013 CP-violation in Higgs Physics and Electroweak Baryogenesis
Bian, Ligong; Shu, Jing
2014-01-01
We present a class of cancellation mechanisms to suppress the total contributions of Barr-Zee diagrams to the electron electric dipole moment (eEDM). This class of mechanisms are of particular significance after the new eEDM upper limit, which strongly constrains the allowed magnitude of CP-violation in Higgs couplings and hence the feasibility of electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG), were released by the ACME collaboration in 2013. We point out: if both the CP-odd Higgs-photon-photon ($Z$ boson) and the CP-odd Higgs-electron-positron couplings are turned on, a cancellation may occur either between the contributions of a CP-mixing Higgs boson, with the other Higgs bosons being decoupled, or between the contributions of a CP-even and a CP-odd Higgs bosons. With the assistance of the cancellation mechanisms, a large CP-phase in Higgs couplings with viable electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG) is still allowed. The reopened parameter regions would be probed by the future neutron, mercury EDM measurements, and direct measur...
Leptonic CP Violation Search and the Ambiguity of dm^2_31
Koike, M; Saitó, M; Takeuchi, T; Koike, Masafumi; Okamura, Naotoshi; Saito, Masako; Takeuchi, Tatsu
2006-01-01
We consider a search for the CP-violating angle deltaCP in long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments. We show that the subleading deltaCP-dependent terms in the nu_mu -> nu_e oscillation probability can be easily obscured by the ambiguity of the leading term given by dm^2_31. It is thus necessary to determine the value of dm^2_31 with a sufficient accuracy. We point out that nu_mu survival events, which can be accumulated simultaneously with the nu_e appearance events, can serve for this purpose owing to its large statistics. Therefore, the combined analysis of nu_e appearance and nu_mu survival events is crucial to provide a restrictive constraint on deltaCP. Taking a test experimental setup, we demonstrate in the deltaCP-dm^2_31 plane that the analysis of nu_e appearance events leads to less restrictive constraints on the value of deltaCP due to the ambiguity of dm^2_31. In contrast, the combined analysis is capable of constraining the values of deltaCP and dm^2_31 into a single small region, and also ...
Manifestations of nuclear CP-violation in ThO molecule
Skripnikov, L V; Titov, A V; Flambaum, V V
2014-01-01
Investigations of CP violation in hadron sector may be done using measurements in the ThO molecule. Recent measurements in this molecule improved the limit on electron EDM by an order of magnitude. Another time reversal (T) and parity (P) violating effect in $^{229}$ThO is induced by the nuclear magnetic quadrupole moment. We have performed nuclear and molecular calculations to express this effect in terms of the strength constants of T,P-odd nuclear forces, neutron EDM, QCD vacuum angle $\\theta$, quark EDM and chromo-EDM.
Precision Measurement of CP Violation in D0->pi+pi- at CDF
,
2010-01-01
We report a preliminary measurement of the CP violating asymmetry in D0->pi+pi- using approximately 215,000 decays reconstructed in about 5.94/fb of CDF data. We use the strong D*+->D0pi+ decay ("D* tag") to identify the flavor of the charmed meson at production time and exploit CP-conserving strong c-cbar pair-production in p-pbar collisions. Higher statistic samples of Cabibbo-favored D0->K-pi+ decays with and without D* tag are used to highly suppress systematic uncertainties due to detector effects. The result is the world's most precise measurement to date.
Direct CP violation in b → dJ/ψ decays
We investigate the possibility of observing direct CP violation in self-tagging B-meson decays of the type b → dJ/ψ. The CP asymmetry can be generated due to strong or electromagnetic scattering in the final state, or due to long distance effects. The first two contributions give asymmetries of a few x 10-3, in the standard model. The long distance effects are hard to estimate, but it cannot be excluded that they yield asymmetries of about 1%. (author). 16 refs
CP violating asymmetries of b quarks and leptons in e+e-→tt-bar and supersymmetry
The distributions of the single decay b-quarks and leptons from e+e-→tt-bar assuming CP violation are reviewed. Different asymmetries, sensitive independently to CP violation in the production and in the decay, and sensitive to the real and imaginary parts of dγ and dZ are defined. The analytic expressions are general and independent on the model of CP violation. In most of them all phase space integrations are fulfilled analytically. Numerical results in the MSSM with complex couplings are presented. (author)
Assuming 3-ν mixing, massive Majorana neutrinos and neutrinoless double-beta ((ββ)0ν-) decay generated only by the (V-A) charged current weak interaction via the exchange of the three Majorana neutrinos, we briefly review the predictions for the effective Majorana mass || in (ββ)0ν-decay and reanalyze the physics potential of future (ββ)0ν-decay experiments to provide information on the type of neutrino mass spectrum, the absolute scale of neutrino masses, and Majorana CP-violation in the lepton sector. Using as input the most recent experimental results on neutrino oscillation parameters and the prospective precision that can be achieved in future measurements of the latter, we perform a statistical analysis of a (ββ)0ν-decay half-life measurement taking into account experimental and theoretical errors, as well as the uncertainty implied by the imprecise knowledge of the corresponding nuclear matrix element (NME). We show, in particular, how the possibility to discriminate between the different types of neutrino mass spectra and the constraints on the absolute neutrino mass scale depend on the mean value and the experimental error of || and on the NME uncertainty. The constraints on Majorana CP-violation phases in the neutrino mixing matrix, which can be obtained from a measurement of || and additional data on the sum of neutrino masses, are also investigated in detail. We estimate the required experimental accuracies on both types of measurements, and the required precision in the NME permitting to address the issue of Majorana CP-violation in the lepton sector
Masud, Mehedi
2016-01-01
It is by now established that neutrino oscillations occur due to non-zero masses and parameters in the leptonic mixing matrix. The extraction of oscillation parameters may be complicated due to subleading effects such as non-standard neutrino interactions (NSI) and one needs to have a fresh look how a particular parameter value is inferred from experimental data. In the present work, we focus on an important parameter entering the oscillation framework - the leptonic CP violating phase $\\delta$, about which we know very little. We demonstrate that the sensitivity to CP violation gets significantly impacted due to NSI effects for the upcoming long baseline experiment, Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE). We also draw a comparison with the sensitivities of other ongoing neutrino beam experiments such as NOvA, and T2K, as well as a future generation experiment, T2HK.
The Higgs Pair Productions in The CP-violating Two-Higgs-Doublet Model
Bian, Ligong
2016-01-01
In this work, we study the SM-like Higgs pair productions in the framework of the general CP-violating two-Higgs-doublet model. Several constraints are imposed to the model sequentially, including the SM-like Higgs boson signal fits, the precise measurements of the electric dipole moments, the perturbative unitarity and stability bounds to the Higgs potential, and the most recent LHC searches for the heavy Higgs bosons. We show how are the CP-violating mixing angles related to the Higgs cubic self couplings in this setup. Afterwards, we estimate the cross sections of the future LHC/SppC searches for the Higgs pair productions, as well as other possible decay modes for the heavy Higgs bosons.
CP-violation in B-decays and B-decay properties at ATLAS experiment
Smizanska, Maria; The ATLAS collaboration
2015-01-01
ATLAS has a wide programme to study the production cross section and decay properties of particles with beauty, as well as charmonium and bottomonium states. The main part of the talk will discuss the ATLAS full Run-1 analysis of mixing and CP violation in the decay of Bs meson to J/psi Phi, observed in the final state mu+mu-K+K-. The different amplitudes contributing to the process are studied through the time dependence of the angular distribution, and the average lifetime and lifetime difference between the two eigenstate BH and BL, and of the CP violating phase phi_s are extracted. The presentation will also cover selected latest ATLAS studies in the field of B-hadron decay properties.
CP Violation and the Role of Electroweak Penguins in Non-leptonic B Decays
Fleischer, Robert
1996-01-01
The phenomenon of CP violation in the B system and strategies for extracting CKM phases are reviewed. We focus both on general aspects and on some recent developments including CP-violating asymmetries in B_d decays, the B_s system in light of a possible width difference $\\Delta\\Gamma_s$, charged B decays, and SU(3) relations among certain transition amplitudes. In order to describe the relevant non-leptonic B decays, low energy effective Hamiltonians calculated beyond the leading logarithmic approximation are used. Special emphasis is given to the role of electroweak penguin operators in such transitions. These effects are analyzed both within a general framework and more specifically in view of the theoretical cleanliness of methods to determine CKM phases. Strategies for obtaining insights into the world of electroweak penguins are discussed.
Mixing angles and CP violation in SU(2)/sub L/ x U(1) gauge model
Expressions for the mixing parameters are obtained in terms of mass ratios in the standard Weinberg-Salam model with permutation symmetry S3 for six quarks. The CP-violating phase, delta, is taken into account, and there are no arbitrary parameters except for the quark masses. In the lowest order, the angles defined by Kobayashi-Maskawa are sin theta1 approx. = (m/sub d//m sub d/ + m/sub s/)/sup 1/2, sin theta2 approx. = -[(m/sub s//m/sub b/)2 - (m/sub c//m/sub t/)2]/sup 1/2/, and sin theta3 = (m/sub s//m/sub b/)2/cos theta1. The model can be consistent with the observed magnitude of CP violation. The b quarks decay predominantly into c quarks with lifetime of tau/sub b/ approx. = 10-11 s
Neutrino masses and mixings in a predictive SO(10) model with CKM CP violation
It has recently been shown that a minimal SO(10) model with a single 10 and a single 126 Higgs field breaking B-L symmetry predicts large solar and atmospheric mixings in agreement with observations if it is assumed that the neutrino mass obeys the type II seesaw formula. No additional symmetries need to be assumed for this purpose. Understanding CP violation in the renormalizable version of the model, however, requires a significant non-CKM source. In this Letter we show that if we extend the model by the inclusion of a heavy 120-dimensional Higgs field, then it can accommodate CKM CP violation while remaining predictive in the neutrino sector. Among the predictions are: (i) solar mixing angle in the observed range; (ii) θ13 in the range of 0.1 to 0.26; (iii) the Dirac phase close to maximal for the central value of the solar mixing angle
First determination of CP violation parameters from K0-anti K0 decay asymmetry
We report the first determination of CP violation parameters from particle-antiparticle asymmetry in the decay of neutral kaons into two charged pions. Observation of such an asymmetry is direct proof of CP violation. A fit to the asymmetry enabled a determination of the parameter η+- to be made, yielding the result vertical strokeη+-vertical stroke=[2.32±0.14(stat.)±0.03(syst.)]x10-3 and φ+-=42.3deg±4.4deg(stat.)±0.4deg(syst.), with an additional uncertainty of ±1.0deg due to the error on the present published value of Δm, the KL0-KS0 mass difference. The magnitudes of both statistical and systematic errors will be significantly reduced in the future. (orig.)
Search for CP violation in the decay Z → τ+τ-
Buskulic, D.; Casper, D.; de Bonis, I.; Decamp, D.; Ghez, P.; Goy, C.; Lees, J.-P.; Minard, M.-N.; Odier, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Ariztizabal, F.; Chmeissani, M.; Crespo, J. M.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fernandez, E.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, Ll.; Martinez, M.; Orteu, S.; Pacheco, A.; Padilla, C.; Palla, F.; Pascual, A.; Perlas, J. A.; Sanchez, F.; Teubert, F.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Marinelli, N.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Huang, X.; Lin, J.; Ouyang, Q.; Wang, T.; Xie, Y.; Xu, R.; Xue, S.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, W.; Bonvicini, G.; Comas, P.; Coyle, P.; Drevermann, H.; Engelhardt, A.; Forty, R. W.; Frank, M.; Ganis, G.; Gay, C.; Girone, M.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Jacobsen, R.; Jost, B.; Knobloch, J.; Lehraus, I.; Maggi, M.; Markou, C.; Martin, E. B.; Mato, P.; Meinhard, H.; Minten, A.; Miquel, R.; Palazzi, P.; Pater, J. R.; Perrodo, P.; Pusztaszeri, J.-F.; Ranjard, F.; Rolandi, L.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Tejessy, W.; Tomalin, I. R.; Veenhof, R.; Venturi, A.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wiedenmann, W.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; Barres, A.; Boyer, C.; Falvard, A.; Gay, P.; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Monteil, S.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Podlyski, F.; Proriol, J.; Rossignol, J.-M.; Saadi, F.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J. B.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Johnson, S. D.; Møllerud, R.; Nilsson, B. S.; Kyriakis, A.; Simopoulou, E.; Siotis, I.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J. C.; Bourdon, P.; Passalacqua, L.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Valassi, A.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D. J.; Parsons, M. I.; Veitch, E.; Focardi, E.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Delfino, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Jaffe, D. E.; Antonelli, A.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Bossi, F.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Cerutti, F.; Chiarella, V.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Salomone, S.; Colrain, P.; Ten Have, I.; Knowles, I. G.; Lynch, J. G.; Maitland, W.; Morton, W. T.; Raine, C.; Reeves, P.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Smith, M. G.; Thompson, A. S.; Thorn, S.; Turnbull, R. M.; Becker, U.; Braun, O.; Geweniger, C.; Graefe, G.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Schmidt, M.; Sommer, J.; Stenzel, H.; Tittel, K.; Wunsch, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Cattaneo, M.; Colling, D. J.; Dornan, P. J.; Hassard, J. F.; Konstantinidis, N.; Moneta, L.; Moutoussi, A.; Nash, J.; Payne, D. G.; San Martin, G.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Wright, A. G.; Dissertori, G.; Girtler, P.; Kneringer, E.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Jackson, D.; Keemer, N. R.; Nuttall, M.; Patel, A.; Sloan, T.; Snow, S. W.; Whelan, E. P.; Galla, A.; Greene, A. M.; Kleinknecht, K.; Raab, J.; Renk, B.; Sander, H.-G.; Schmidt, H.; Walther, S. M.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, B.; Bencheikh, A. M.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Calvet, D.; Carr, J.; Diaconu, C.; Etienne, F.; Nicod, D.; Payre, P.; Roos, L.; Rousseau, D.; Talby, M.; Abt, I.; Adlung, S.; Assmann, R.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Brown, D.; Cattaneo, P.; Dehning, B.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Halley, A. W.; Jakobs, K.; Kroha, H.; Lauber, J.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Moser, H.-G.; Richter, R.; Schröder, J.; Schwarz, A. S.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; Stierlin, U.; Stiegler, U.; Denis, R. St.; Wolf, G.; Alemany, R.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Courault, F.; Davier, M.; Duflot, L.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Heusse, Ph.; Jacquet, M.; Janot, P.; Kim, D. W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A.-M.; Musolino, G.; Nikolic, I.; Park, H. J.; Park, I. C.; Schune, M.-H.; Simion, S.; Veillet, J.-J.; Videau, I.; Abbaneo, D.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Bottigli, U.; Bozzi, C.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M. A.; Ciulli, V.; Dell'Orso, R.; Ferrante, I.; Fidecaro, F.; Foà, L.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M. A.; Gregorio, A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Marrocchesi, P. S.; Messineo, A.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Sciabà, A.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Vannini, C.; Verdini, P. G.; Walsh, J.; Betteridge, A. P.; Blair, G. A.; Bryant, L. M.; Gao, Y.; Green, M. G.; Johnson, D. L.; Medcalf, T.; Mir, Ll. M.; Strong, J. A.; Bertin, V.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Haywood, S.; Edwards, M.; Maley, P.; Norton, P. R.; Thompson, J. C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Duarte, H.; Emery, S.; Kozanecki, W.; Lançon, E.; Lemaire, M. C.; Locci, E.; Marx, B.; Perez, P.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J.-F.; Rosowsky, A.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J.-P.; Schwindling, J.; Si Mohand, D.; Trabelsi, A.; Vallage, B.; Johnson, R. P.; Litke, A. M.; Taylor, G.; Wear, J.; Beddall, A.; Booth, C. N.; Boswell, C.; Cartwright, S.; Combley, F.; Dawson, I.; Koksal, A.; Letho, M.; Newton, W. M.; Rankin, C.; Thompson, L. F.; Böhrer, A.; Brandt, S.; Cowan, G.; Feigl, E.; Grupen, C.; Lutters, G.; Minguet-Rodriguez, J.; Rivera, F.; Saraiva, P.; Schäfer, U.; Smolik, L.; Bosisio, L.; Della Marina, R.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Pitis, L.; Ragusa, F.; Kim, H.; Rothberg, J.; Wasserbaech, S.; Armstrong, S. R.; Bellantoni, L.; Conway, J. S.; Elmer, P.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; Gonzáles, S.; Grahl, J.; Harton, J. L.; Hayes, O. J.; Hu, H.; McNamara, P. A.; Nachtman, J. M.; Orejudos, W.; Pan, Y. B.; Saadi, Y.; Schmitt, M.; Scott, I.; Sharma, V.; Turk, J. D.; Walsh, A. M.; Weber, F. V.; Wildish, T.; Wu, Sau Lan; Wu, X.; Yamartino, J. M.; Zheng, M.; Zobernig, G.; Aleph Collaboration
1995-02-01
Data collected by ALEPH in the years 1990, 1991 and 1992 have been used to update a previous search for CP violation in the decay of the Z into τ+τ-. The measurement of the weak dipole form factor of the τ lepton has been performed by studying correlations between the τ leptons. No signal of CP violation was found. The weak dipole form factor is found to be d˜τ = (+0.15 ± 0.58 stat ± 0.38 sys)10 -17e · cm, obtained with 19628 identified τ+τ- events. This gives an upper limit on the weak dipole form factor of d˜τ < 1.5 · 10 -17 e · cm at the 95% confidence level.
Spontaneous CP violation in A4xSU(5) with Constrained Sequential Dominance 2
Antusch, Stefan; Spinrath, Martin
2013-01-01
We revisit a two right-handed neutrino model with two texture zeros, namely an indirect model based on A4 with the recently proposed new type of constrained sequential dominance (CSD2), involving vacuum alignments along the (0,1,-1)^T and (1,0,2)^T directions in flavour space, which are proportional to the neutrino Dirac mass matrix columns. In this paper we construct a renormalizable and unified indirect A4xSU(5) model along these lines and show that, with spontaneous CP violation and a suitable vacuum alignment of the phases, the charged lepton corrections lead to a reactor angle in good agreement with results from Daya Bay and RENO. The model predicts a right-angled unitarity triangle in the quark sector and a Dirac CP violating oscillation phase in the lepton sector of delta approximately 130 degrees, while providing a good fit to all quark and lepton masses and mixing angles.
Flavour Physics and CP Violation in the Standard Model and Beyond
Castelo-Branco, Gustavo
2014-01-01
We present the invited lectures given at the Third IDPASC School which took place in Santiago de Compostela in January 2013. The students attending the school had very different backgrounds, some of them were doing their PhD in experimental particle physics, others in theory. As a result, and in order to make the lectures useful for most of the students, we focused on basic topics of broad interest, avoiding the more technical aspects of Flavour Physics and CP Violation. We make a brief review of the Standard Model, paying special attention to the generation of fermion masses and mixing, as well as to CP violation. We describe some of the simplest extensions of the SM, emphasising novel flavour aspects which arise in their framework.
Observation of large CP violation in the B-meson system
We report a measurement of the CP violation parameter sin 2phi1 based on a 29.1 fb-1 data sample recorded at the γ(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e+e- collider. One neutral B meson is fully reconstructed as a J/ψKS, ψ(2S)KS, χKc1, ηcKS, J/ψKL or J/ψK*0 decay and the flavor of the accompanying B meson is identified from its decay products. From the asymmetry in the distribution of the time intervals between the two B meson decay points, we determine sin 2phi1 = 0.99 ± 0.14(stat) ± 0.06(sys) and conclude that CP symmetry is violated in the neutral B meson system
Direct and indirect constraints on CP-violating Higgs-quark and Higgs-gluon interactions
Chien, Y. T.; Cirigliano, V.; Dekens, W.; de Vries, J.; Mereghetti, E.
2016-02-01
We investigate direct and indirect constraints on the complete set of anomalous CP-violating Higgs couplings to quarks and gluons originating from dimension-6 operators, by studying their signatures at the LHC and in electric dipole moments (EDMs). We show that existing uncertainties in hadronic and nuclear matrix elements have a significant impact on the interpretation of EDM experiments, and we quantify the improvements needed to fully exploit the power of EDM searches. Currently, the best bounds on the anomalous CP-violating Higgs interactions come from a combination of EDM measurements and the data from LHC Run 1. We argue that Higgs production cross section and branching ratios measurements at the LHC Run 2 will not improve the constraints significantly. On the other hand, the bounds on the couplings scale roughly linearly with EDM limits, so that future theoretical and experimental EDM developments can have a major impact in pinning down interactions of the Higgs.
Direct and indirect constraints on CP-violating Higgs-quark and Higgs-gluon interactions
Chien, Y -T; Dekens, W; de Vries, J; Mereghetti, E
2015-01-01
We investigate direct and indirect constraints on the complete set of anomalous CP-violating Higgs couplings to quarks and gluons originating from dimension-6 operators, by studying their signatures at the LHC and in electric dipole moments (EDMs). We show that existing uncertainties in hadronic and nuclear matrix elements have a significant impact on the interpretation of EDM experiments, and we quantify the improvements needed to fully exploit the power of EDM searches. Currently, the best bounds on the anomalous CP-violating Higgs interactions come from a combination of EDM measurements and the data from LHC Run 1. We argue that Higgs production cross section measurements at the LHC Run 2 will not improve the constraints significantly. On the other hand, the bounds on the couplings scale roughly linearly with EDM limits, so that future theoretical and experimental EDM developments can have a major impact in pinning down interactions of the Higgs.
Towards the hot sphaleron rate and sizable CP violation in the Standard Model
Hernandez Canseco, Andres
2009-10-14
In this work we study two aspects of the Standard Model related to baryogenesis at the electroweak scale. The first deals with CP violation. For some time now, it has been thought that CP violation within the Standard Model was too weak to be able to produce the baryon asymmetry of the universe. The argument is based on the small value of the Jarslkog's determinant, {proportional_to}10{sup -19}, but the latter is a perturbative calculation and CP violation in experiments can be much larger, e.g. in the Kaon system of order 10{sup -3}. With the use of the worldline method, we derive a oneloop effective action by integrating out the fermions in the next-to-leading order of a gradient expansion. The CP violation, previously present in the fermion sector, manifests as CP violating operators in the effective action. By treating the fermion masses non-perturbatively, albeit with their derivatives treated perturbatively as befits a gradient expansion, we find the operators not to be suppressed by the Jarlskog determinant, but by the Jarlskog invariant, which is of order 10{sup -5}. The second part of this work deals with the infrared analysis of Boedeker's effective theory, which encodes the dynamics of weakly coupled, non-abelian gauge fields at high temperature with characteristic momentum scale of order vertical stroke k vertical stroke {proportional_to}g{sup 2}T. The motivation for this is the eventual analytic calculation of the hot sphaleron rate, which is directly proportional to the rate of baryon number violation in the symmetric phase. After transcribing Boedeker's effective theory from a Langevin equation into an Euclidean path integral, we derive Dyson-Schwinger equations. We introduce an ansatz intended to solve the infrared dominated equations, and find the expected enhanced gauge propagator. An analogous role to the ghost propagator in Yang-Mills theory is played by the mixed propagator, which is suppressed. (orig.)
Anatomy and phenomenology of flavor and CP violation in supersymmetric theories
Altmannshofer, Wolfgang
2010-07-20
The main subject of this PhD thesis is a comprehensive and systematic analysis of flavor and CP violating low energy processes in the framework of the MSSM, the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. Supersymmetric (SUSY) models are among the best motivated and most thoroughly analyzed New Physics (NP) models. The new degrees of freedom predicted by Supersymmetry are expected to have masses of the order of the TeV scale and the direct search for these particles is one of the major goals at the LHC. A complementary strategy to probe the MSSM is given by the analysis of low energy high-precision observables, that can be modified through virtual effects of the new degrees of freedom. Of particular importance in this respect are so-called Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes that, forbidden in the Standard Model at the tree level, are highly sensitive probes of the flavor structure of NP models. We first analyze model independently low energy processes that show high sensitivity to the new sources of flavor and CP violation contained in the MSSM. Next, we discuss in detail the rich flavor structure of the MSSM and the implied SUSY contributions to FCNC and CP violating observables both in the low and high tan {beta} regime. In fact, well measured low energy observables lead to remarkably strong constraints on the MSSM parameter space, which is often referred to as the SUSY flavor problem. We outline possibilities to control dangerously large SUSY effects in such observables and analyze the implied predictions for those low energy processes that are not measured with high precision, yet. We consider both the Minimal Flavor Violating MSSM and SUSY models based on abelian and non-abelian flavor symmetries that show representative flavor structures in the soft SUSY breaking terms. We identify the distinctive patterns of SUSY effects in the low energy observables, focussing in particular on CP violation in the b {yields} s{gamma} transition, the
Anatomy and phenomenology of flavor and CP violation in supersymmetric theories
The main subject of this PhD thesis is a comprehensive and systematic analysis of flavor and CP violating low energy processes in the framework of the MSSM, the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model. Supersymmetric (SUSY) models are among the best motivated and most thoroughly analyzed New Physics (NP) models. The new degrees of freedom predicted by Supersymmetry are expected to have masses of the order of the TeV scale and the direct search for these particles is one of the major goals at the LHC. A complementary strategy to probe the MSSM is given by the analysis of low energy high-precision observables, that can be modified through virtual effects of the new degrees of freedom. Of particular importance in this respect are so-called Flavor Changing Neutral Current (FCNC) processes that, forbidden in the Standard Model at the tree level, are highly sensitive probes of the flavor structure of NP models. We first analyze model independently low energy processes that show high sensitivity to the new sources of flavor and CP violation contained in the MSSM. Next, we discuss in detail the rich flavor structure of the MSSM and the implied SUSY contributions to FCNC and CP violating observables both in the low and high tan β regime. In fact, well measured low energy observables lead to remarkably strong constraints on the MSSM parameter space, which is often referred to as the SUSY flavor problem. We outline possibilities to control dangerously large SUSY effects in such observables and analyze the implied predictions for those low energy processes that are not measured with high precision, yet. We consider both the Minimal Flavor Violating MSSM and SUSY models based on abelian and non-abelian flavor symmetries that show representative flavor structures in the soft SUSY breaking terms. We identify the distinctive patterns of SUSY effects in the low energy observables, focussing in particular on CP violation in the b → sγ transition, the Bs mixing
LHCb: Measuring $CP$ Violation in $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}$ Decays at LHCb
Pearce, A
2013-01-01
An ongoing analysis of a measurement of CP violation in decays of the charmed baryon $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}$, using the full $3\\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$ of data collected by LHCb in 2011 and 2012, is presented. The detection asymmetry of the final states is considered, leading to the use of the narrow $p\\phi$ and $pK_{s}^{0}$ resonances in the $pK^{+}K^{-}$ and $p\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ phase spaces, respectively.
Gaitan, R; de Oca, J H Montes; Martinez, R
2015-01-01
In this work we study the anomalous top quark-gluon couplings Chromoelectric and Chromomagnetic Dipole Moments, CEDM and CMDM, in a general THDM with CP violation. We find that this model provides an important contribution from the $Y_{tt}$ Yukawa coupling that needs to be taken into account. The CMDM and CEDM obtained are $\\Delta\\tilde{k} < 10^{-2}$ and $\\Delta \\tilde{d} < 10^{-4}$.
Predicting CP Violation from Flavor Symmetry in a Lepton Quarticity Dark Matter Model
Chuliá, Salvador Centelles; Srivastava, Rahul; Valle, José W. F.
2016-01-01
We propose a simple $\\Delta (27) \\otimes Z_4$ model where neutrinos are predicted to be Dirac fermions. The smallness of their masses follows from a type-I seesaw mechanism and the leptonic CP violating phase correlates with the pattern of $\\Delta (27)$ flavor symmetry breaking. The scheme naturally harbors a WIMP dark matter candidate associated to the Dirac nature of neutrinos, in that the same $Z_4$ lepton number symmetry also ensures dark matter stability.
Search for CP and P violating pseudoscalar decays into pi pi
Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Alberto, D.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Berger, N.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Calcaterra, A. C.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, X. X.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fan, R. R.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Feng, C. Q.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Greco, M.; Grishin, S.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, B.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jia, L. K.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kuehn, W.; Lange, J. S.; Leung, J. K. C.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, Lei; Li, N. B.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, G. C.; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. H.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Y. W.; Liu, Yong; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Z. Q.; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, T.; Ma, X.; Ma, X. Y.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, H.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Nefedov, Y.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Sonoda, S.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, X. D.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tang, X. F.; Tian, H. L.; Toth, D.; Varner, G. S.; Wan, X.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z. R.; Xu, Z. Z.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, M.; Yang, T.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, L.; Yu, S. P. Yu; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, W. L.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, T. R.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, Jiawei; Zhao, Jingwei; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhao, Z. L.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhong, L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, X. W.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Zuo, J. X.
2011-01-01
Using a sample of (225.2 +/- 2.8) x 10(6) J/psi events collected with the Beijing Spectrometer at the Beijing Electron-Positron Collider, CP and P violating decays of eta, eta', and eta(c) into pi(+)pi(-) and pi(0)pi(0) are searched for in J/psi radiative decays. No significant eta, eta', or eta(c)
Final-state Rescattering Effects on B_d-->\\pi\\pi Decays and CP Violation
Xing, Zhi-zhong
2000-01-01
The significance of final-state interactions in B_d-->\\pi\\pi decays is phenomenologically demonstrated by taking elastic \\pi\\pi--\\pi\\pi and inelastic \\pi\\pi--D\\bar{D} rescattering effects into consideration. We find that the present experimental data on B^0_d-->\\pi^+\\pi^- can well be understood in this approach without fine-tuning of the input parameters, and large CP-violating asymmetries are expected to manifest themselves in such charmless rare processes.
Particle currents on a CP violating Higgs background and the spontaneous baryogenesis mechanism
We compute the particle currents induced on a bubble wall background at finite temperature in a model with CP violation in the Higgs sector. Using a field theory approach we show that fermionic currents arise at one loop, so that a suppression factor OMIKRON (htφ/πT)2 with respect to previous computations is found. The contributions to the Higgs currents are also derived and their relevancy for the spontaneous baryogenesis mechanism is discussed. (orig.)
CP Violating Phase and Quark Mixing Angles from Flavour Permutational Symmetry-Breaking
Mondragón, A
2000-01-01
The phase equivalence of the theoretical quark mixing matrix ${\\bf V}^{th}$ derived from the breaking of the flavour permutational symmetry and the phenomenological parametrizations ${\\bf V}^{PDG}$ and ${\\bf V}^{KM}$ is explicitly exhibited. From here, we derive exact explicit expressions for the three mixing angles and the CP violating phase of the two phenomenological parametrizations in terms of the quark mass ratios $(m_{u}/m_{t}, m_{c}/m_{t}, m_{d}/m_{b}, m_{s}/m_{b})$ and the parameters $Z^{*1/2}$ and $\\Phi^*$ characterizing the preferred symmetry breaking pattern. The computed values for the CP violating phase and the mixing angles of the standard parametrization advocated by the Particle Data Group are $\\delta^*_{13}=73.2^\\circ$, $\\sin\\theta^*_{12}=0.222$, $\\sin\\theta^*_{13}=0.0036$, and $\\sin\\theta^*_{23}=0.040$. The computed values of the CP-violating phase and the mixing angles of the Kobayashi-Maskawa parametrization are $\\delta^*_{KM}=96.4^\\circ$, $\\sin\\theta^*_{1}=0.2225$, $\\sin\\theta^*_{2}=0.03...
Breaking eightfold degeneracies in neutrino CP violation, mixing, and mass hierarchy
We identify three independent twofold parameter degeneracies (δ,θ13), sgn(δm312) and (θ23,π/2-θ23) inherent in the usual three-neutrino analysis of long-baseline neutrino experiments, which can lead to as much as an eightfold degeneracy in the determination of the oscillation parameters. We discuss the implications these degeneracies have for detecting CP violation and present criteria for breaking them. A superbeam facility with a baseline at least as long as the distance between Fermilab and Homestake (1290 km) and a narrow band beam with energy tuned so that the measurements are performed at the first oscillation peak can resolve all the ambiguities other than the (θ23,π/2-θ23) ambiguity (which can be resolved at a neutrino factory) and a residual (δ,π-δ) ambiguity. However, whether or not CP violation occurs in the neutrino sector can be ascertained independently of the latter two ambiguities. The (δ,π-δ) ambiguity can be eliminated by performing a second measurement to which only the cos δ terms contribute. The hierarchy of mass eigenstates can be determined at other oscillation peaks only in the most optimistic conditions, making it necessary to use the first oscillation maximum. We show that the degeneracies may severely compromise the ability of the proposed SuperJHF-HyperKamiokande experiment to establish CP violation. In our calculations we use approximate analytic expressions for oscillation probabilities that agree with numerical solutions with a realistic Earth density profile
Breaking eightfold degeneracies in neutrino CP violation, mixing, and mass hierarchy
Barger, V.; Marfatia, D.; Whisnant, K.
2002-04-01
We identify three independent twofold parameter degeneracies (δ,θ13), sgn(δm231) and (θ23,π/2-θ23) inherent in the usual three-neutrino analysis of long-baseline neutrino experiments, which can lead to as much as an eightfold degeneracy in the determination of the oscillation parameters. We discuss the implications these degeneracies have for detecting CP violation and present criteria for breaking them. A superbeam facility with a baseline at least as long as the distance between Fermilab and Homestake (1290 km) and a narrow band beam with energy tuned so that the measurements are performed at the first oscillation peak can resolve all the ambiguities other than the (θ23,π/2-θ23) ambiguity (which can be resolved at a neutrino factory) and a residual (δ,π-δ) ambiguity. However, whether or not CP violation occurs in the neutrino sector can be ascertained independently of the latter two ambiguities. The (δ,π-δ) ambiguity can be eliminated by performing a second measurement to which only the cos δ terms contribute. The hierarchy of mass eigenstates can be determined at other oscillation peaks only in the most optimistic conditions, making it necessary to use the first oscillation maximum. We show that the degeneracies may severely compromise the ability of the proposed SuperJHF-HyperKamiokande experiment to establish CP violation. In our calculations we use approximate analytic expressions for oscillation probabilitites that agree with numerical solutions with a realistic Earth density profile.
A New Tool for the study of the CP-violating NMSSM
Domingo, Florian
2015-01-01
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model open up the possibility for new types of CP-violation. We consider the case of the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model where, beyond the phases from the soft lagrangian, CP-violation could enter the Higgs sector directly at tree-level through complex parameters in the superpotential. We develop a series of Fortran subroutines, cast within the public tool NMSSMTools and allowing for a phenomenological analysis of the CP-violating NMSSM. This new tool performs the computation of the masses and couplings of the various new physics states in this model: leading corrections to the sparticle masses are included; the precision for the Higgs masses and couplings reaches the full one-loop and leading two-loop order. The two-body Higgs and top decays are also attended. We use the public tools HiggsBounds and HiggsSignals to test the Higgs sector. Additional subroutines check the viability of the sparticle spectrum in view of LEP-limits and constrain the phases o...
Latest results on the direct CP violation measurements: Ε'/ε
Preliminary results, based on the full data sample from Fermilab-E731 and the combined data sample from CERN-NA31, on the ''direct'' CP-violation measurements ε'ε in neutral kaon decay have been reviewed. The E731's results if Re(ε'ε) = (6.0 ± 5.8(stat) ± 3.2(syst) ± 1.8(MC)) x 10-4, which provides no evidence for ''direct'' CP-violation, thus supporting the Superweak model; while the NA31's combined result (1986 + 1988 + 1989 data) is Re(ε'/ε = (23±3.4(stat) ±6.5(syst))x104, three standard deviations from zero, which provides evidence for the ''direct'' CP-violation in the Standard Model. Comparisons of the two experiments are made. The Fermilab-E731 group has also fit for the other parameters of the neutral kaon system in their 2π data sample, such as: the KS life time τS; the KL-KS mass difference δm; the phase difference between η+-, δφ = (-0.6±1.6)degrees). Which is a test of CPT invariance; the Superweak phase φSW = (43.37±0.22)degrees, and the phase of η±, φ± = (43.2± 1.6)degrees, which is predicted by CPT invariance to equal φSW
Low energy probes of CP violation in a flavor blind MSSM
We analyze the low energy implications of a flavor blind supersymmetric scenario (where the CKM matrix is the only source of flavor violation) in the presence of new CP violating but flavor conserving phases in the soft sector. We find that the best probes of this rather restricted scenario are (i) the electric dipole moments (EDMs) of the electron (de) and the neutron (dn) and (ii) flavor changing and CP violating processes in B systems, like the CP asymmetries in b→sγ and B→φ(η')KS, i.e. ACP(b→sγ) and Sφ(η')KS, respectively. The non-standard values for Sφ(η')KS, measured at the B factories, can find a natural explanation within our scenario and this would unambiguously imply (i) positive and often large (non-standard) values for ACP(b→sγ) and (ii) a lower bound for the electron and neutron EDMs at the level of de,n≥10-28ecm. Moreover, we predict positive New Physics (NP) contributions to εK which could be welcomed in view of the recently lowered Standard Model value for εK. Interestingly, an explanation for the non-standard values for Sφ(η')KS can also naturally lead to an explanation for the anomaly of the muon anomalous magnetic moment. Finally, we outline the role and the interplay of the direct NP searches at the LHC with the indirect searches performed by low energy flavor physics observables
Measurement of CP-Violating Asymmetries in the B0->K+K-Ks Dalitz Plot
Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Cahn, R N; Jacobsen, R G; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Nash, J A; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Firminoda Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Fritsch, A G; Denig, M; Gradl, W; Schott, G; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Li, X; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; ALazzaro; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Godang, L; Cremaldi, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Esteve, L; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Gabareen, A M; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; West, C A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Zain, S B; Spanier, S M; Wogsland, B J; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Drummond, B W; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Choi, H H F; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Vuosalo, C O; Wu, S L
2008-01-01
We present a preliminary measurement of CP-violation parameters in the decay B0->K+K-Ks, using approximately 465 million BBbar events collected by the BABAR detector at SLAC. Reconstructing the neutral kaon as Ks->pi+pi- or Ks->pi0pi0, we analyze the Dalitz plot distribution and measure fractions to intermediate states. We extract CP parameters from the asymmetries in amplitudes and phases between B0 and B0bar decays across the Dalitz plot. From a fit to the whole Dalitz plot, we measure beta_eff = 0.44 +/- 0.07 +/- 0.02, A_CP = 0.03 +/- 0.07 +/- 0.02, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones are systematic. For decays to phiKs, we measure beta_eff = 0.13 +/- 0.13 +/- 0.02, A_CP = 0.14 +/- 0.19 +/- 0.02. For decays to f0Ks, we measure beta_eff = 0.15 +/- 0.13 +/- 0.03, A_CP = 0.01 +/- 0.26 +/- 0.07. From a fit to the region of the Dalitz plot with m_{K+K-}>1.1 GeV/c^2, we measure beta_eff = 0.52 +/- 0.08 +/- 0.03, A_CP = 0.05 +/- 0.09 +/- 0.04.
Charmless Three-Body B-decays: final state interaction and CP violation
Alvarenga Nogueira, J. H.; Bediaga, I.; Cavalcante, A. B. R.; Frederico, T.; Lourenço, O.
2016-04-01
We obtain an explicit expression for the charge-parity violation (CPV) considering final state interactions (FSI) and the ρ(770) and f 0(980) resonances in the B± → π± π+π‑ decay. In addition, we investigate the channel coupled by the strong interaction B± → π± K+ K-. dictated by the CPT constraint. We use our model to fit experimental data of such decays [1], For the interfering resonant contributions to the CP asymmetry, we show that locally CPT constraint seems to be valid in the B± → π± π+π‑ channel. Our work suggests, in agreement with the CPT constraint, that the CP asymmetry in coupled channels are related and have opposite signs. Our formula for the CP asymmetry fairly fit the LHCb data improving our understanding of the interplay between the FSI and CP violation. For more complete and detailed studies for the channels K± K+ K-, K± π+π‑, π± K+ K- and π± π+π‑ see Ref. [2],
Generalised Geometrical CP Violation in a $T^{\\prime}$ Lepton Flavour Model
Girardi, Ivan; Petcov, S T; Spinrath, Martin
2014-01-01
We analyse the interplay of generalised CP transformations and the non-Abelian discrete group $T^{\\prime}$ and use the semi-direct product $G_f= T^{\\prime}\\rtimes H_{\\text{CP}}$, as family symmetry acting in the lepton sector. The family symmetry is shown to be spontaneously broken in a geometrical manner. In the resulting flavour model, naturally small Majorana neutrino masses for the light active neutrinos are obtained through the type I see-saw mechanism. The known masses of the charged leptons, lepton mixing angles and the two neutrino mass squared differences are reproduced by the model with a good accuracy. The model allows for two neutrino mass spectra with normal ordering (NO) and one with inverted ordering (IO). For each of the three spectra the absolute scale of neutrino masses is predicted with relatively small uncertainty. The value of the Dirac CP violation (CPV) phase $\\delta$ in the lepton mixing matrix is predicted to be $\\delta \\cong \\pi/2~{\\rm or}~ 3\\pi/2$. Thus, the CP violating effects in ...
Missing energy and the measurement of the CP-violating phase in neutrino oscillations
Ankowski, Artur M; Huber, Patrick; Mariani, Camillo; Vagnoni, Erica
2015-01-01
In the next generation of long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments, aiming to determine the charge-parity violating phase $\\delta_{CP}$ in the appearance channel, fine-grained time-projection chambers are expected to play an important role. In this Letter, we analyze an influence of realistic detector capabilities on the $\\delta_{CP}$ sensitivity for a setup similar to that of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment. We find that the effect of the missing energy, carried out by undetected particles, is sizable. Although the reconstructed neutrino energy can be corrected for the missing energy, the accuracy of such procedure has to exceed 20\\%, to avoid a sizable bias in the extracted $\\delta_{CP}$ value.
Search for CP violation in ZmF ττ
Buskulic, D.; Decamp, D.; Goy, C.; Lees, J.-P.; Minard, M.-N.; Mours, B.; Alemany, R.; Ariztizabal, F.; Comas, P.; Crespo, J. M.; Delfino, M.; Fernandez, E.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, Ll.; Mattison, T.; Pacheco, A.; Pascual, A.; Creanza, D.; de Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Maggi, M.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Quattromini, M.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Hu, H.; Huang, D.; Huang, X.; Lin, J.; Lou, J.; Qiao, C.; Wang, T.; Xie, Y.; Xu, D.; Xu, R.; Zhang, J.; Zhao, W.; Bauerdick, L. A. T.; Blucher, E.; Bonvicini, G.; Bossi, F.; Boudreau, J.; Casper, D.; Drevermann, H.; Forty, R. W.; Ganis, G.; Gay, C.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Haywood, S.; Hilgart, J.; Jacobsen, R.; Jost, B.; Knobloch, J.; Lançon, E.; Lehraus, I.; Lohse, T.; Lusiani, A.; Martinez, M.; Mato, P.; Meinhard, H.; Minten, A.; Miquel, R.; Moser, H.-G.; Palazzi, P.; Perlas, J. A.; Pusztaszeri, J.-F.; Ranjard, F.; Redlinger, G.; Rolandi, L.; Rothberg, J.; Ruan, T.; Saich, M.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Sefkow, F.; Tejessy, W.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wiedenmann, W.; Wildish, T.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Badaud, F.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; Bencheikh, A. M.; El Fellous, R.; Falvard, A.; Gay, P.; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, P.; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Montret, J.-C.; Pallin, D.; Perret, P.; Pietrzyk, B.; Proriol, J.; Prulhière, F.; Stimpfl, G.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J. D.; Hansen, J. R.; Hansen, P. H.; Møllerud, R.; Nilsson, B. S.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Kyriakis, A.; Simopoulou, E.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Badier, J.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J. C.; Fouque, G.; Orteu, S.; Rosowsky, A.; Rougé, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D. J.; Parsons, M. I.; Veitch, E.; Moneta, L.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Ikeda, M.; Lannutti, J.; Levinthal, D.; Mermikides, M.; Sawyer, L.; Wasserbaech, S.; Antonelli, A.; Baldini, R.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Cerutti, F.; Chiarella, V.; D'Ettorre-Piazzoli, B.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G. P.; Passalacqua, L.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Picchi, P.; Altoon, B.; Boyle, O.; Colrain, P.; Ten Have, I.; Lynch, J. G.; Maitland, W.; Morton, W. T.; Raine, C.; Scarr, J. M.; Smith, K.; Thompson, A. S.; Turnbull, R. M.; Brandl, B.; Braun, O.; Fischer, T.; Geweniger, C.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E. E.; Maumary, Y.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Stahl, A.; Tittel, K.; Wunsch, M.; Belk, A. T.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D. M.; Cameron, W.; Cattaneo, M.; Colling, D. J.; Dornan, P. J.; Dugeay, S.; Greene, A. M.; Hassard, J. F.; Lieske, N. M.; Nash, J.; Patton, S. J.; Payne, D. G.; Phillips, M. J.; Sedgbeer, J. K.; Tomalin, I. R.; Wright, A. G.; Kneringer, E.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Bowdery, C. K.; Brodbeck, T. J.; Finch, A. J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Jackson, D.; Keemer, N. R.; Nuttall, M.; Patel, A.; Sloan, T.; Snow, S. W.; Whelan, E. P.; Kleinknecht, K.; Raab, J.; Renk, B.; Sander, H.-G.; Schmidt, H.; Steeg, F.; Walther, S. M.; Wolf, B.; Aubert, J.-J.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Carr, J.; Coyle, P.; Drinkard, J.; Etienne, F.; Papalexiou, S.; Payre, P.; Qian, Z.; Roos, L.; Rousseau, D.; Schwemling, P.; Talby, M.; Adlung, S.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Brown, D.; Cattaneo, P.; Cowan, G.; Dehning, B.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Frank, M.; Halley, A. W.; Lauber, J.; Lütjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Männer, W.; Richter, R.; Rotscheidt, H.; Schröder, J.; Schwarz, A. S.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; Stierlin, U.; Stiegler, U.; Denis, R. St.; Takashima, M.; Thomas, J.; Wolf, G.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Davier, M.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Heusse, Ph.; Jaffe, D. E.; Janot, P.; Kim, D. W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrançois, J.; Lutz, A.-M.; Schune, M.-H.; Veillet, J.-J.; Videau, I.; Zhang, Z.; Abbaneo, D.; Amendolia, S. R.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bosisio, L.; Bottigli, U.; Bozzi, C.; Bradaschia, C.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M. A.; Dell'Orso, R.; Ferrante, I.; Fidecaro, F.; Foà, L.; Focardi, E.; Forti, F.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Vannini, C.; Venturi, A.; Verdini, P. G.; Walsh, J.; Carter, J. M.; Green, M. G.; March, P. V.; Mir, Ll. M.; Medcalf, T.; Quazi, I. S.; Strong, J. A.; West, L. R.; Botterill, D. R.; Clifft, R. W.; Edgecock, T. R.; Edwards, M.; Fisher, S. M.; Jones, T. J.; Norton, P. R.; Salmon, D. P.; Thompson, J. C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Duarte, H.; Kozanecki, W.; Lemaire, M. C.; Locci, E.; Loucatos, S.; Monnier, E.; Perez, P.; Perrier, F.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J.-F.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J.-P.; Schwindling, J.; Si Mohand, D.; Vallage, B.; Johnson, R. P.; Litke, A. M.; Taylor, G.; Wear, J.; Ashman, J. G.; Babbage, W.; Booth, C. N.; Buttar, C.; Carney, R. E.; Cartwright, S.; Combley, F.; Hatfield, F.; Reeves, P.; Thompson, L. F.; Barberio, E.; Böhrer, A.; Brandt, S.; Grupen, C.; Mirabito, L.; Rivera, F.; Schäfer, U.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Ragusa, F.; Bellantoni, L.; Chen, W.; Cinabro, D.; Conway, J. S.; Cowen, D. F.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D. P. S.; Gao, Y. S.; Grahl, J.; Harton, J. L.; Jared, R. C.; Leclaire, B. W.; Lishka, C.; Pan, Y. B.; Pater, J. R.; Saadi, Y.; Sharma, V.; Schmitt, M.; Shi, Z. H.; Walsh, A. M.; Weber, F. V.; Whitney, M. H.; Wu, Sau Lan; Wu, X.; Zobernig, G.; Aleph Collaboration
1992-12-01
Using the 18.8 pb -1 of data accumulated at LEP in 1990 and 1991 with the ALEPH detector, a direct test of neutral current CP-invariance is performed by a search for CP-odd correlations in Z decays to τ pairs where both τ decay modes are identified. No evidence for CP-violation is observed. The weak dipole moment of the τ has been measured to be dτ( mZ) = (1.3 ± 1.4 ± 0.1) × 10 -17e·cm which results in an upper limit on the weak dipole moment of | dτ( mZ)| ⩽ 3.7 × 10 -17e·cm with 95% confidence level.
Trimaximal TM1 neutrino mixing in S4 with spontaneous CP violation
Luhn, Christoph
2013-01-01
The measurement of the reactor angle by the Daya Bay and RENO experiments in 2012 has ruled out the tri-bimaximal paradigm. Adopting an S4 family symmetry, we propose direct models of the trimaximal type TM1 in which the tri-bimaximal Klein symmetry of the neutrino sector is broken to a residual Z2 symmetry. In such a scenario, the solar mixing angle is decreased compared to its tri-bimaximal value by about one degree, thus bringing it in excellent agreement with experimental observation. The atmospheric mixing angle, on the other hand, depends on the CP violating Dirac phase delta. Imposing CP conservation in the family symmetry limit, we show how to break the CP symmetry via flavon VEVs with well-defined complex phases, so that sizable deviations of the atmospheric angle from maximal mixing, consistent with the latest global fits, are produced.
Search for $CP$ violation using $T$-odd correlations in $D^0 \\to K^+K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decays
Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Borsato, Martino; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brambach, Tobias; Bressieux, Joël; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Busetto, Giovanni; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chefdeville, Maximilien; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Ciba, Krzystof; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Cojocariu, Lucian; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Counts, Ian; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dujany, Giulio; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fol, Philip; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; García Pardiñas, Julián; Garofoli, Justin; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gaspar, Clara; Gauld, Rhorry; Gavardi, Laura; Gavrilov, Gennadii; Geraci, Angelo; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianelle, Alessio; Gianì, Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hunt, Philip; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kaballo, Michael; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Karodia, Sarah; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Klaver, Suzanne; Klimaszewski, Konrad; Kochebina, Olga; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kozlinskiy, Alexandr; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucewicz, Wojciech; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Langhans, Benedikt; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Likhomanenko, Tatiana; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lopez-March, Neus; Lowdon, Peter; Lu, Haiting; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Malinin, Alexander; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Mapelli, Alessandro; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martens, Aurelien; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Moggi, Niccolò; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Morris, Adam Benjamin; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Mussini, Manuel; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; O'Hanlon, Daniel Patrick; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Pappalardo, Luciano; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pazos Alvarez, Antonio; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Price, Eugenia; Price, Joseph David; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rama, Matteo; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Redi, Federico; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Sophie; Rihl, Mariana; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Saunders, Daniel Martin; Savrie, Mauro; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Seco, Marcos; Semennikov, Alexander; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Simi, Gabriele; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Sparkes, Ailsa; Spradlin, Patrick; Sridharan, Srikanth; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Marian; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Stroili, Roberto; Subbiah, Vijay Kartik; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szilard, Daniela; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vacca, Claudia; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; Voss, Helge; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wiedner, Dirk; Wilkinson, Guy; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilschut, Hans; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang; Zvyagin, Alexander
2014-01-01
A search for $CP$ violation using $T$-odd correlations is performed using the four-body $D^0 \\to K^+K^-\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decay, selected from semileptonic $B$ decays. The data sample corresponds to integrated luminosities of $1.0\\,\\text{fb}^{-1}$ and $2.0\\,\\text{fb}^{-1}$ recorded at the centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV, respectively. The $CP$-violating asymmetry $a_{CP}^{T\\text{-odd}}$ is measured to be $(0.18\\pm 0.29\\text{(stat)}\\pm 0.04\\text{(syst)})\\%$. Searches for $CP$ violation in different regions of phase space of the four-body decay, and as a function of the $D^0$ decay time, are also presented. No significant deviation from the $CP$ conservation hypothesis is found.
Diaz-Cruz, L; Gaitan-Lozano, R; Y, J H Montes de Oca
2012-01-01
We discuss the formulation of the general two-Higgs doublet model type III, which incorporates flavor changing neutral scalar interactions (FCNSI) and CP violation from several sources. CP violation can arise either from Yukawa terms or from the Higgs potential, and it can explicit or spontaneous. We discuss the case that includes CP violation with Yukawa textures to control FCNSI and evaluate the CP asymmetry for the decay h-> c-b+ W-, which may allow to test the patterns of FCNSI and CP violation, that arises in these models.
An Improved Measurement of Mixing-induced CP Violation in the Neutral B Meson System
Abe, K; Abe, N; Abe, R; Abe, T; Adachi, I; Ahn, B S; Aihara, H; Akatsu, M; Asai, M; Asano, Y; Aso, T; Aulchenko, V M; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Ban, Y; Banas, E; Banerjee, S; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Behera, P K; Beiline, D; Bizjak, I; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Bracko, M; Brodzicka, J; Browder, T E; Casey, B C K; Chang, M C; Chang, P; Chao, Y; Chen, K F; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Choi, S K; Choi, Y; Choi, Y K; Danilov, M; Dong, L Y; Dowd, R; Dragic, J; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Eiges, V; Enari, Y; Everton, C W; Fang, F; Fujii, H; Fukunaga, C; Gabyshev, N I; Garmash, A; Gershon, T J; Golob, B; Gordon, A; Gotow, K; Guler, H; Guo, R; Haba, J; Hanagaki, K; Handa, F; Hara, K; Hara, T; Harada, Y; Hashimoto, K; Hastings, N C; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heenan, E M; Higuchi, I; Higuchi, T; Hinz, L; Hirai, T; Hojo, T; Hokuue, T; Hoshi, Y; Hoshina, K; Hou Wei Shu; Hsu, S C; Huang, H C; Igaki, T; Igarashi, Y; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwamoto, M; Iwasaki, H; Iwasaki, Y; Jackson, D J; Jalocha, P; Jang, H K; Jones, M; Kagan, R; Kakuno, H; Kaneko, J; Kang, J H; Kang, J S; Kapusta, P; Kataoka, M; Kataoka, S U; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kawakami, Y; Kawamura, N; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kim, D W; Kim, H; Kim, H J; Kim, H O; Kim, S K; Kim, T H; Kinoshita, K; Kobayashi, S; Koishi, S; Korotushenko, K; Korpar, S; Krizan, P; Krokovnyi, P P; Kulasiri, R; Kumar, S; Kurihara, E; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y J; Lange, J S; Leder, Gerhard; Lee, S H; Li, J; Limosani, A; Liventsev, D; Lu, R S; MacNaughton, J; Majumder, G; Mandl, F; Marlow, D; Matsubara, T; Matsuishi, T; Matsumoto, S; Matsumoto, T; Mikami, Y; Mitaroff, Winfried A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyabayashi, Y; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Moffitt, L C; Moloney, G R; Moorhead, G F; Mori, S; Mori, T; Murakami, A; Nagamine, T; Nagasaka, Y; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, T; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nakazawa, H; Nam, J W; Narita, S; Natkaniec, Z; Neichi, K; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Noguchi, S; Nozaki, T; Ofuji, A; Ogawa, S; Ohno, F; Ohshima, T; Ohshima, Y; Okabe, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Onuki, Y; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Park, K S; Peak, L S; Perroud, Jean-Pierre; Peters, M; Piilonen, L E; Prebys, E J; Rodríguez, J L; Ronga, F J; Root, N; Rózanska, M; Rybicki, K; Ryuko, J; Sagawa, H; Saitoh, S; Sakai, Y; Sakamoto, H; Sakaue, H; Satapathy, M; Satpathy, A; Schneider, O; Schrenk, S; Schwanda, C; Semenov, S; Senyo, K; Settai, Y; Seuster, R; Sevior, M E; Shibuya, H; Shimoyama, M; Shwartz, B A; Sidorov, A; Sidorov, V; Singh, J B; Soni, N; Stanic, S; Staric, M; Sugi, A; Sugiyama, A; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Suzuki, K; Suzuki, S; Suzuki, S Y; Swain, S K; Takahashi, T; Takasaki, F; Tamai, K; Tamura, N; Tanaka, J; Tanaka, M; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tokuda, S; Tomoto, M; Tomura, T; Tovey, Stuart N; Trabelsi, K; Trischuk, W; Tsuboyama, T; Tsukamoto, T; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Ushiroda, Y; Vahsen, S E; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Wang Chao Cheng; Wang, C H; Wang, J G; Wang, M Z; Watanabe, Y; Won, E; Yabsley, B D; Yamada, Y; Yamaguchi, A; Yamamoto, H; Yamanaka, T; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yanai, H; Yanaka, S; Yashima, J; Yeh, P; Yokoyama, M; Yoshida, K; Yuan, Y; Yusa, Y; Yuta, H; Zhang, C C; Zhang, J; Zhang, Z P; Zheng, Y; Zhilich, V N; Zhu, Z M
2002-01-01
We present an improved measurement of the standard model CP violation parameter sin2phi_1 (also known as sin2beta) based on a sample of 85 times 10^6 B Bbar pairs collected at the Upsilon(4S) resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e+e- collider. One neutral B meson is reconstructed in a J/psi K_S, psi(2S) K_S, chi_{c1} K_S, eta_c K_S, J/psi K^{*0}, or J/psi K_L CP-eigenstate decay channel and the flavor of accompanying B meson is identified from itsdecay products. From the asymmetry in the distribution of the time intervals between the two B meson decay points, we obtain sin2phi_1 = 0.719 +/- 0.074(stat) +/- 0.035(syst). We also report measurements of CP violation parameters for the related B^0 -> J/psi pi^0 decay mode and the penguin-dominated processes B^0 -> eta' K_S, phi K_S and K^+K^- K_S.
Two Higgs bi-doublet left-right model with spontaneous P and CP violation
2008-01-01
A left-right symmetric model with two Higgs bi-doublet is shown to be a consistent model for both spontaneous P and CP violation. The flavor changing neutral cur- rents can be suppressed by the mechanism of approximate global U(1) family symmetry. The constraints from neural K meson mass difference ΔmK are calcu- lated and it is demonstrated that a right-handed gauge boson W2 contribution in box-diagrams with mass well below 1 TeV is allowed due to a cancelation caused by a light-charged Higgs boson with a mass range of 150-300 GeV. The W2 con- tribution to εK can be suppressed from an appropriate choice of additional CP phases appearing in the right-handed Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix. The model is also found to be fully consistent with B0 mass difference ΔmB and the mixing induced CP violation sin2βJ/ψ , which is usually difficult for the model with only one Higgs bi-doublet. The new physics beyond the standard model can be directly searched at the colliders LHC and ILC.
Two Higgs bi-doublet left-right model with spontaneous P and CP violation
WU YueLiang; ZHOU YuFeng
2008-01-01
A left-right symmetric model with two Higgs bi-doublet is shown to be a consistent model for both spontaneous P and CP violation.The flavor changing neutral cur-rents can be suppressed by the mechanism of approximate global U(1) family symmetry.The constraints from neural K meson mass difference △mK are calcu-lated and it is demonstrated that a right-handed gauge boson W2 contribution in box-diagrams with mass well below 1 TeV is allowed due to a cancelation caused by a light-charged Higgs boson with a mass range of 150-300 GeV.The W2 contribution to εK can be suppressed from an appropriate choice of additional CP phases appearing in the right-handed Cabbibo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix.The model is also found to be fully consistent with B0 mass difference △mB and the mixing induced CP violation sin2βJ/ψ,which is usually difficult for the model with only one Higgs bi-doublet.The new physics beyond the standard model can be directly searched at the colliders LHC and ILC.
CP violation in supersymmetry, Higgs sector and the large hadron collider
Rohini M Godbole
2006-11-01
In this talk I discuss some aspects of CP violation (CPV) in supersymmetry (SUSY) as well as in the Higgs sector. Further, I discuss ways in which these may be probed at hadronic colliders. In particular I will point out the ways in which studies in the $\\tilde{}^{±}$, $\\tilde{}_{2}^{0}$ sector at the Tevatron may be used to provide information on this and how the search can be extended to the LHC. I will then follow this by a discussion of the CP mixing induced in the Higgs sector due to the above-mentioned CPV in the soft SUSY breaking parameters and its effects on the Higgs phenomenology at the LHC. I would then point out some interesting aspects of the phenomenology of a moderately light charged Higgs boson, consistent with the LEP constraints, in this scenario. Decay of such a charged Higgs boson would also allow a probe of a light (≲ 50 GeV), CP-violating (CPV) Higgs boson. Such a light neutral Higgs boson might have escaped detection at LEP and could also be missed at the LHC in the usual search channels.
Lightness of Higgs Boson and Spontaneous CP-violation in the Lee Model: An Alternative Scenario
Mao, Ying-nan
2016-01-01
Based on the weakly-coupled two-Higgs-doublet model with spontaneous CP-violation (named Lee model) and the mechanism to generate the correlation between smallness of CP-violation and lightness of scalar mass, as we proposed earlier, we predicted a light CP-mixing scalar $\\eta$ in which pseudoscalar component is dominant. It is a natural scenario in which $m_{\\eta}\\sim\\mathcal{O}(10\\textrm{GeV})\\ll v$. Masses of all other scalars ($h$, $H$, $H^\\pm$) should be around the electro-weak scale $v$. Among them, the 125 GeV Higgs ($h$) couplings are standard-model like, and the charged Higgs ($H^\\pm$) mass should be around the heaviest neutral scalar ($H$) mass. We discussed all experimental constraints and showed that this scenario is still allowed by data. The strictest constraints come from the experiments of the flavor-changing processes and the EDM of lepton and neutron. We also discussed the future tests for this scenario. It is possible to discover the extra scalars or exclude this scenario at future collider...
CP violation from spin-1/2 constituents of the weak bosons
Spin 1 can be represented by a mixed rank-2 spinor of the Lorentz group, which gives rise to the option of interpreting the particles W and Z as compounds of two spin-1/2 constituents. We analyze the scenario characterized by the absence of non-local structures in the interaction couplings at low energies. It seems to be possible to achieve a self-contained description. The existence of an isoscalar vector particle (Y) is predicted and it is shown that all its couplings can be understood by wave functions that are independent of the assignment of electric charge to the two spin-1/2 constituents. The vertices, in particular those including γ, Z, Y and W, possess the feature of hermicity. The emission of Y by W and Z will violate CP. We get agreement with the experimental absence of electric dipole moments of the electron and neutron and find substantial contributions to the CP impurity parameter of indirect CP violation in the K0-K-bar0 system. These contributions represent two-loop effects. Moreover, the precise form of a trilinear vertex for the neutral-current production of Z pairs is predicted. It can be tested at LEP II. (author). 11 refs, 4 figs
Standard-model prediction for direct CP violation in $K\\to\\pi\\pi$ decay
Bai, Z; Boyle, P A; Christ, N H; Frison, J; Garron, N; Izubuchi, T; Jung, C; Kelly, C; Lehner, C; Mawhinney, R D; Sachrajda, C T; Soni, A; Zhang, D
2015-01-01
We report the first lattice QCD calculation of the complex kaon decay amplitude $A_0$ with physical kinematics, using a $32^3\\times 64$ lattice volume and a single lattice spacing $a$, with $1/a= 1.379(7)$ GeV. We find Re$(A_0) = 4.62(0.99)(1.20) \\times 10^{-7}$ GeV and Im$(A_0) = -1.90(1.22)(1.04) \\times 10^{-11}$ GeV, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic. The first value is in approximate agreement with the experimental result: Re$(A_0) = 3.3201(18) \\times 10^{-7}$ GeV while the second can be used to compute the direct CP violating ratio Re$(\\varepsilon'/\\varepsilon)=1.36(5.21)(4.49)\\times 10^{-4}$, which is $2.1\\sigma$ below the experimental value $16.6(2.3)\\times10^{-4}$. The real part of $A_0$ is CP conserving and serves as a test of our method while the result for Re$(\\varepsilon'/\\varepsilon)$ provides a new test of the standard-model theory of CP violation, one which can be made more accurate with increasing computer capability.
Probing the high scale SUSY in CP violations of K, B0 and Bs mesons
We probe the high scale SUSY at 10–50 TeV in the CP violations of K, B0 and Bs mesons. In order to estimate the contribution of the squark flavor mixing to these CP violations, we discuss the squark mass spectrum, which is consistent with the recent Higgs discovery. Taking the universal soft parameters at the SUSY breaking scale, we obtain the squark mass spectrum at 10 TeV and 50 TeV, where the SM emerges. Then, the 6×6 mixing matrix between down-squarks and down-quarks is discussed by input of the experimental data of K, B0 and Bs mesons. It is found that ϵK is most sensitive to the high scale SUSY. The SUSY contributions for the time-dependent CP asymmetries SJ/ψKS and SJ/ψϕ are 6–8% at the SUSY scale of 10 TeV. We also discuss the SUSY contribution to the chromo-EDM of the strange quark
In this paper we calculate the one loop contributions to the CP violating three gauge boson coupling in two-Higgs doublet and Left-Right symmetric models. In the two-Higgs doublet model only a P conserving and CP violating coupling is generated, and it can be large as 10-3. In the Left-Right symmetric model both P conserving and violating couplings are generated. Due to constraints on the WL-WR mixing, these couplings are small. 19 refs., 3 figs
About a possibility for observation of CP-violation in B-meson decays in fixed target experiments
An approach to rhe detection of CP-violation tn the decays of neutral B mesons at fixed target accelerators is suggested. This approach is feasible in experiments with high intensity hadron beams and, thus, allows one to employ one of the main advantages of fixed target accelerators. Possible systematic errors of the CP asymmetry measurement are also discussed. The Bo decays into J/ψ+Ks and J/ψ+Kl are considered as an optimum for the detection of CP-violation
CP-Violation in the $ZZZ$ and $ZWW$ vertices at $e^+e^-$ colliders in Two-Higgs-Doublet Models
Grzadkowski, B; Osland, P
2016-01-01
We discuss possibilities of measuring CP violation in the Two-Higgs-Doublet Model by studying effects of one-loop generated $ZZZ$ and $ZWW$ vertices. We discuss a set of CP-sensitive asymmetries for $ZZ$ and $W^+W^-$ production at linear $e^+e^-$-colliders, that directly depends on the weak-basis invariant Im $J_2$ that parametrises the strength of CP violation. Given the restrictions on this model that follow from the LHC measurements, the predicted effects are small. Pursuing such measurements is however very important, as an observed signal might point to a richer scalar sector.
CP-violation in the ZZZ and ZWW vertices at e + e - colliders in Two-Higgs-Doublet Models
Grzadkowski, B.; Ogreid, O. M.; Osland, P.
2016-05-01
We discuss possibilities of measuring CP violation in the Two-Higgs-Doublet Model by studying effects of one-loop generated ZZZ and ZW W vertices. We discuss a set of CP-sensitive asymmetries for ZZ and W + W - production at linear e + e --colliders, that directly depends on the weak-basis invariant Im J 2 that parametrises the strength of CP violation. Given the restrictions on this model that follow from the LHC measurements, the predicted effects are small. Pursuing such measurements is however very important, as an observed signal might point to a richer scalar sector.
A minimal spontaneous CP violation model with small neutrino mass and SU(2) x U(1) x Z3 symmetry
It is shown that spontaneous CP violation and natural flavor conservation can occur in the SU(2)L x U(1)Y model based on two Higgs doublet and one Higgs singlet fields with a Z3 discrete symmetry. Physical CP nonconservation is purely due to scalar-pseudoscalar mixings. In order for this to be a major source of CP violation a light spin-O boson of mass less than 10 GeV is required. The see-saw mechanism can be implemented to generate small neutrino masses. The model implies a relatively large electric dipole moment for charged leptons and small value for ε'/ε
$W^{\\pm}H^{\\mp}$ associated production at LHC in the general 2HDM with Spontaneous CP Violation
Bao, Shou-Shan; Wu, Yue-Liang
2010-01-01
Spontaneous CP violation motivates the introduction of two Higgs doublets in the electroweak theory. Such a simple extension of the standard model has three neutral Higgs bosons and a pair charged Higgs, especially it leads to rich $CP$-violating sources including the induced Kobayashi-Maskawa CP-violating phase, the mixing of the neutral Higgs bosons due to the $CP$-odd Higgs and the effective complex Yukawa couplings of the charged and neutral Higgs bosons. Within this model, we present the production of a charged Higgs boson in association with a W boson at the LHC, and calculate in detail the cross section and the transverse momentum distribution of the associated W boson.
Latest results on the direct CP violation measurements: {Epsilon}{prime}/{epsilon}
Hsiung, Yee B.; E731 Collaboration
1992-03-01
Preliminary results, based on the full data sample from Fermilab-E731 and the combined data sample from CERN-NA31, on the ``direct`` CP-violation measurements {epsilon}{prime}{epsilon} in neutral kaon decay have been reviewed. The E731`s results if Re({epsilon}{prime}{epsilon}) = (6.0 {plus_minus} 5.8(stat) {plus_minus} 3.2(syst) {plus_minus} 1.8(MC)) {times} 10{sup {minus}4}, which provides no evidence for ``direct`` CP-violation, thus supporting the Superweak model; while the NA31`s combined result (1986 + 1988 + 1989 data) is Re({epsilon}{prime}/{epsilon} = (23{plus_minus}3.4(stat) {plus_minus}6.5(syst)){times}10{sup 4}, three standard deviations from zero, which provides evidence for the ``direct`` CP-violation in the Standard Model. Comparisons of the two experiments are made. The Fermilab-E731 group has also fit for the other parameters of the neutral kaon system in their 2{pi} data sample, such as: the K{sub S} life time {tau}{sub S}; the K{sub L}-K{sub S} mass difference {delta}m; the phase difference between {eta}{sub +-}, {delta}{phi} = ({minus}0.6{plus_minus}1.6){degrees}). Which is a test of CPT invariance; the Superweak phase {phi}{sub SW} = (43.37{plus_minus}0.22){degrees}, and the phase of {eta}{sub {plus_minus}}, {phi}{sub {plus_minus}} = (43.2{plus_minus} 1.6){degrees}, which is predicted by CPT invariance to equal {phi}{sub SW}.
Latest results on the direct CP violation measurements:. Epsilon. prime /. epsilon
Hsiung, Yee B.
1992-03-01
Preliminary results, based on the full data sample from Fermilab-E731 and the combined data sample from CERN-NA31, on the direct'' CP-violation measurements {epsilon}{prime}{epsilon} in neutral kaon decay have been reviewed. The E731's results if Re({epsilon}{prime}{epsilon}) = (6.0 {plus minus} 5.8(stat) {plus minus} 3.2(syst) {plus minus} 1.8(MC)) {times} 10{sup {minus}4}, which provides no evidence for direct'' CP-violation, thus supporting the Superweak model; while the NA31's combined result (1986 + 1988 + 1989 data) is Re({epsilon}{prime}/{epsilon} = (23{plus minus}3.4(stat) {plus minus}6.5(syst)){times}10{sup 4}, three standard deviations from zero, which provides evidence for the direct'' CP-violation in the Standard Model. Comparisons of the two experiments are made. The Fermilab-E731 group has also fit for the other parameters of the neutral kaon system in their 2{pi} data sample, such as: the K{sub S} life time {tau}{sub S}; the K{sub L}-K{sub S} mass difference {delta}m; the phase difference between {eta}{sub +-}, {delta}{phi} = ({minus}0.6{plus minus}1.6){degrees}). Which is a test of CPT invariance; the Superweak phase {phi}{sub SW} = (43.37{plus minus}0.22){degrees}, and the phase of {eta}{sub {plus minus}}, {phi}{sub {plus minus}} = (43.2{plus minus} 1.6){degrees}, which is predicted by CPT invariance to equal {phi}{sub SW}.
Probing CP violation with the electric dipole moment of atomic mercury
Latha, K V P; Das, B P; Mukherjee, D
2009-01-01
The electric dipole moment of atomic $^{199}$Hg induced by the nuclear Schiff moment and tensor-pseudotensor electron-nucleus interactions has been calculated. For this, we have developed and employed a novel method based on the relativistic coupled-cluster theory. The results of our theoretical calculations combined with the latest experimental result of $^{199}$Hg electric dipole moment, provide new bounds on the T reversal or CP violation parameters $\\theta_{\\rm QCD}$, the tensor-pseudotensor coupling constant $C_T$ and $(\\widetilde{d}_u - \\widetilde{d}_d)$. This is the most accurate calculation of these parameters to date. We highlight the the crucial role of electron correlation effects in their interplay with the P,T violating interactions. Our results demonstrate substantial changes in the results of earlier calculations of these parameters which can be attributed to the more accurate inclusion of important correlation effects in the present work.
CP Violation in Higgs Diphoton Decay in Models with Vectorlike Heavy Fermions
Voloshin, M B
2012-01-01
The amplitude of the diphoton decay of the Higgs boson is considered in an extension of the Standard Model involving heavy vectorlike fermions, which was recently suggested in the literature in order to explain a possible enhancement of the h -> gamma gamma decay rate. It is pointed out that generally in such models the decay amplitude acquires a sizable CP-odd contribution from the complex phases in the mass matrix of the new heavy fermions. The resulting CP violation in the diphoton decay can be studied experimentally when both photons are converted into e^+ e^- pairs by measuring the distribution over the angle between the planes of the pairs. Such measurement, if feasible, would be of a great interest of its own, even irrespective of specific models.
Optimization of a neutrino beam for the study of CP violation with the LENA detector
Neutrino beams are nowadays a commonly used and well investigated tool to study neutrino oscillations, e.g. T2K, NOνA experiments. Beam neutrinos are produced by the decays of properly focused particles, mostly pions and kaons, generated by the collisions of accelerated protons with a target. The shape and composition of the obtained neutrino fluxes depend on the properties of the neutrino production apparatus. Primary beam, target, focusing system, decay tunnel must be optimized relatively to the neutrino detector, in order to achieve the highest possible sensitivity to oscillation parameters such as the CP-violating phase δcp. This talk will focus on the optimization of a neutrino beam from the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden, to the liquid scintillator neutrino detector LENA, proposed in the Pyhaesalmi mine in Finland.
Performance of the LHCb RICH Photon Detectors and Tagging Systematics for CP Violation Studies
Somerville, L P
2006-01-01
The LHCb experiment, currently under construction at CERN, is designed to perform high precision CP violation measurements in the B-meson system. Two Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detectors provide charged particle identification, and these utilise the novel pixel Hybrid Photon Detectors (HPDs) to detect the Cherenkov photons. A programme was designed and implemented to ensure quality control at each stage of the photon detector production process. A detailed study of the HPD anodes was carried out, including accelerated ageing tests required to demonstrate their robustness over the lifetime of the LHCb experiment. A RICH demonstrator detector with an aerogel radiator was tested in a particle beam and the data were analysed to determine the Cherenkov angle resolution and photon yield. The results were compared with expectations for the detector, taken from a Monte Carlo simulation. The tagging of neutral B mesons, to find their flavour at production, is essential for many CP asymmetry measurements. Biases in ...
Aspects of CP violation with the BABAR detector. Constraints on the CKM Matrix
This document presents the work done within the BABAR Collaboration as well as a phenomenological study on the interpretation of the B measurements related to the Unitarity Triangle. The read-out electronics of the Cerenkov detector, the DIRC, and especially the Time-Digital-Converter designed at LPNHE are described. Two major results of the BABAR Collaboration are presented: the measurement of the sin(2β) parameter in the b → ccs modes, which has established the CP violation in the B sector in 2001 and the study of CP asymmetries in the B0 → π+π- channel. The constraints on the Unitarity Triangle from the K0K0 system, the B semi-leptonic decays, the B oscillation parameters are in excellent agreement with those from sin(2β) and α. (author)
Optimization of a neutrino beam for the study of CP violation with the LENA detector
Genster, Christoph; Meloni, Marta; Soiron, Michael; Stahl, Achim; Weifels, Marcel; Wiebusch, Christopher [RWTH Aachen University, III. Physikalisches Institut B (Germany)
2015-07-01
Neutrino beams are nowadays a commonly used and well investigated tool to study neutrino oscillations, e.g. T2K, NOνA experiments. Beam neutrinos are produced by the decays of properly focused particles, mostly pions and kaons, generated by the collisions of accelerated protons with a target. The shape and composition of the obtained neutrino fluxes depend on the properties of the neutrino production apparatus. Primary beam, target, focusing system, decay tunnel must be optimized relatively to the neutrino detector, in order to achieve the highest possible sensitivity to oscillation parameters such as the CP-violating phase δ{sub cp}. This talk will focus on the optimization of a neutrino beam from the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden, to the liquid scintillator neutrino detector LENA, proposed in the Pyhaesalmi mine in Finland.
Constrain the UT angle gamma by CP violation parameters in B0 -> pi+ pi-
Qin, Qin; Lü, Cai-Dian; Li, Ying
2015-01-01
We calculate the tree and penguin amplitudes in the $B^0\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-$ decay channel employing the perturbative QCD factorization approach. Using the amplitudes as input with the theoretical uncertainties sufficiently considered, we constrain the UT angle $\\gamma$ to $51^\\circ\\leq\\gamma\\leq64^\\circ$, from the measurements of the CP violation parameters $C_{\\pi^+\\pi^-}$ and $S_{\\pi^+\\pi^-}$ in $B^0\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-$. The U-spin breaking effect between $B^0\\to\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $B_s^0\\to K^+K^-$ is estimated to be around 30\\%.
CP violation: the standard model and left-right symmetric electroweak models
We review and discuss CP violation in the minimal standard model of the electroweak interactions, and in general left-right symmetric electroweak models based on the gauge groups SU(2)/sub L/ x SU(2)/sub R/ x U(1). We point out that in left-right symmetric models the contribution to epsilon' due to W/sub L/-W/sub R/ mixing could be as large as the present experimental limit. Some other effects of W/sub L/-W/sub R/ mixing are also considered. 49 references