1989-01-01
Contents: CP Phenomenology: Introduction to CP Violation (C Jarlskog); CP-Violation in the K 0 -K 0 -System (K Kleinknecht); The Quark Mixing Matrix, Charm Decays and B Decays (S Stone); The Question of CP Noninvariance - As Seen through the Eyes of Neutral Beauty (I I Bigi et al.); In Search of CP Noninvariance in Heavy Quark Systems (L-L Chau); CP Violation at High Energy e + e - Colliders (J Bernabéu & M B Gavela); CP Violation in the Standard Model with Four Families (A Datta & E A Paschos); CP Effects When Neutrinos are their Own Antiparticles (B Kayser); On Spontaneous CP Violation Trigg
We review the phenomenology of CP violation. the first part is a general discussion of CP violation in meson decays and in fermion electric dipole moments. The second part describes CP violation in in the Standard Model. The third part describes CP violation beyond the Standard Model. Our discussion is free of phase conventions and uses one language for the K and B systems, which gives further insight into the advantages of measuring CP violation in the β system
Beneke, M.
2002-01-01
Several pieces of direct and indirect evidence now suggest that the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism plays a distinguished role for CP violation at the electroweak scale. This talk provides a general overview of CP violation in its various contexts, emphasizing CP violation in flavour-violating interactions, such as due to the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism. I then review a few recent theoretical developments relevant to the interpretation of CP violation.
Predictions for CP violation in the three generation Standard Model are reviewed based on what is known about the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix. Application to the K and B meson systems are emphasized. 43 refs., 13 figs
Kraml, S.
2007-01-01
CP violation in supersymmetric models is reviewd with focus on explicit CP violation in the MSSM. The topics covered in particular are CP-mixing in the Higgs sector and its measurement at the LHC, CP-odd observables in the gaugino sector at the ILC, EDM constraints, and the neutralino relic density.
Yamamoto, Hitoshi
2001-01-01
We review the physics of CP violation in B decays. After introducing the CKM matrix and how it causes CP violation, we cover three types of CP violation that can occur in B decays: CP violation in mixing, CP violation by mixing-decay interference, and CP violation in decay.
Gronau, Michael
1998-01-01
CP violation in K and B decays is reviewed in the Standard Model (SM) and beyond the SM. In K decays, one is seeking first evidence for CP violation in direct $K\\to \\pi\\pi$ decays. This would not give a precise quantitative test for the present explanation of CP violation in terms of a phase in the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix. Such tests are provided by a variety of CP asymmetries in neutral and charged B decays. Certain features, characterizing CP violation beyond the standard model, are outlined in the B meson system.
Y Sakai
2006-11-01
Recent results on CP-violation measurements in decays from energy asymmetric -factory experiments are reported. Thanks to large accumulated data samples, CP-violations in decays in mixing-decay interference and direct CP-violation are now firmly established. The measurements of three angles of the unitarity triangle from CP-violations of decays are quite consistent with the Standard Model expectations. These results strongly support the validity of the Kobayashi-Maskawa prescription of CP-violation.
CP violation and modular symmetries
Dent, Thomas
2001-01-01
We reconsider the origin of CP violation in fundamental theory. Existing string models of spontaneous CP violation make ambiguous predictions, due to the arbitrariness of CP transformation and the apparent non-invariance of the results under duality. We find an unambiguous modular CP invariance condition, applicable to predictive models of spontaneous CP violation, which circumvents these problems; it strongly constrains CP violation by heterotic string moduli. The dilaton is also evaluated a...
Dunietz, Isard
1997-01-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K^0 decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity epsilon. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K^0 decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B_d -> J/\\psi K_S, pi^+pi^- asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The r...
Quinn, H.R.
1994-02-01
She reviews how one can test the Standard Model predictions for CP violation. This test requires sufficient independent measurements to overconstrain the model parameters and thus be sensitive to possible beyond Standard Model contributions. She addresses the challenges for theory as well as for experiment to achieve such a test.
She reviews how one can test the Standard Model predictions for CP violation. This test requires sufficient independent measurements to overconstrain the model parameters and thus be sensitive to possible beyond Standard Model contributions. She addresses the challenges for theory as well as for experiment to achieve such a test
Naboulsi, R
2003-01-01
A review on CP violation in the B and K mesons systems is given, which, we hope may familiarize new Belle members in the basic ingredients of this topic, which is one of the most challenging problems of experimental high energy physics.
Dunietz, I.
1997-09-24
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d} {yields} J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The rapid B{sub s}--{anti B}{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged B decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states.
Dunietz, I. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)
1998-05-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the standard model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in B decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d}{yields}J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive B data samples. The rapid B{sub s}- anti B{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged B decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states. The CKM phase {phi}=-2{beta}-{gamma}=-{pi}+{alpha}-{beta} can be obtained from time-dependent studies of B{sub d}(t){yields}D{sup (*){+-}}{pi}{sup -+}, even in the presence of possible final-state interactions. (orig.) 42 refs.
Dunietz, I. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)
1998-02-01
CP violation is observed to date only in K{sup 0} decays and is parameterizable by a single quantity {epsilon}. Because it is one of the least understood phenomena in the Standard Model and holds a clue to baryogenesis, it must be investigated further. Highly specialized searches in K{sup 0} decays are possible. Effects in {ital B} decays are much larger. In addition to the traditional B{sub d}{r_arrow}J/{psi}K{sub S}, {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}} asymmetries, CP violation could be searched for in already existing inclusive {ital B} data samples. The rapid B{sub s}{minus}{bar B}{sub s} oscillations cancel in untagged B{sub s} data samples, which therefore allow feasibility studies for the observation of CP violation and the extraction of CKM elements with present vertex detectors. The favored method for the extraction of the CKM angle {gamma} is shown to be unfeasible and a solution is presented involving striking direct CP violation in charged {ital B} decays. Novel methods for determining the B{sub s} mixing parameter {Delta}m are described without the traditional requirement of flavor-specific final states. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}
Gronau, Michael
2007-01-01
Precision tests of the Kobayashi-Maskawa model of CP violation are discussed, pointing out possible signatures for other sources of CP violation and for new flavor-changing operators. The current status of the most accurate tests is summarized.
Recent theoretical and experimental progress on the manifestation of CP violation in K decays, and toward understanding whether CP violation originates in a phase, or phases, in the weak mixing matrix of quarks is reviewed. 23 refs., 10 figs
Atomic CP-violating polarizability
Ravaine, Boris; Kozlov, M. G.; Derevianko, Andrei
2005-01-01
Searches for CP violating effects in atoms and molecules provide important constrains on competing extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. In particular, CP violation in an atom leads to the CP-odd (T,P-odd) polarizability $\\beta^\\mathrm{CP}$: a magnetic moment $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP}$ is induced by an electric field $\\mathcal{E}_0$ applied to an atom, $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP} = \\beta^\\mathrm{CP} \\mathcal{E}_0 $. We estimate the CP-violating polarizability for rare-gas (diamagnetic) atoms ...
CP violation in gauge theories
Einhorn, Martin B; Wudka, Jose
2000-01-01
We define the CP transformation properties of scalars, fermions and vectors in a gauge theory and show that only three types of interactions can lead to CP violation: scalar interactions, fermion-scalar interactions and $ F \\tilde F $ associated with the strong CP problem and which involve only the gauge fields. For technicolor theories this implies the absence of CP violation within perturbation theory.
Twenty-five years after the discovery of CP violation in the neutral Kaon system, we still dont know exactly the origin and the components of that weak non invariance. The two more precise experiments give slightly different answers concerning the direct way of CP violation NA 31 gives ε prime/ε incompatible with the Superweak Model (for which ε prime=0) and in agreement with Standard Model predictions compatible with both. Again, one needs new and precise results in order to conclude about ε prime. E731 and NA31 are actually working on their new data samples. Longer term ideas are also being discussed, looking for new experiments able to give ε prime/ε with a precision. Concerning CPT invariance the situation seems to be more clear
CP violating scalar Dark Matter
Cordero-Cid, A; Keus, V; King, S F; Moretti, S; Rojas, D; Sokołowska, D
2016-01-01
We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar $SU(2)$ doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are \\textit{inert}, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the \\textit{inert} sector, where the lightest \\textit{inert} state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a $Z_2$ symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the \\textit{inert} sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due to CP-violation, is hence a Dark Matter (DM) candidate. We discuss the new regions of DM relic density opened up by CP-violation, and compare our results to the CP-conserving limit and the Inert Doublet Model (IDM). We constrain the parameter space of the CP-violating model using recent results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and DM direct and indirect detection experiments.
Atomic CP-violating polarizability
Ravaine, B; Derevianko, A; Ravaine, Boris; Derevianko, Andrei
2005-01-01
Searches for CP violating effects in atoms and molecules provide important constrains on competing extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. In particular, CP violation in an atom leads to the CP-odd (T,P-odd) polarizability $\\beta^\\mathrm{CP}$: a magnetic moment $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP}$ is induced by an electric field $\\mathcal{E}_0$ applied to an atom, $\\mu^\\mathrm{CP} = \\beta^\\mathrm{CP} \\mathcal{E}_0 $. We estimate the CP-violating polarizability for rare-gas (diamagnetic) atoms He through Rn. We relate betaCP to the permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the electron and to the scalar constant of the CP-odd electron-nucleus interaction. The analysis is carried out using the third-order perturbation theory and the Dirac-Hartree-Fock formalism. We find that, as a function of nuclear charge Z, betaCP scales steeply as Z^5 R(Z), where slowly-varying R(Z) is a relativistic enhancement factor. Finally, we evaluate a feasibility of setting a limit on electron EDM by measuring CP-violating magnetizat...
Atomic CP-violating polarizability
Searches for CP-violating effects in atoms and molecules provide important constrains on competing extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. In particular, CP violation in an atom leads to the CP-odd (T,P-odd) polarizability βCP: a magnetic moment μCP is induced by an electric field E0 applied to an atom, μCP=βCPE0. We estimate the CP-violating polarizability for rare-gas (diamagnetic) atoms He through Rn. We relate βCP to the permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the electron and to the scalar constant of the CP-odd electron-nucleus interaction. The analysis is carried out using the third-order perturbation theory and the Dirac-Hartree-Fock formalism. We find that, as a function of nuclear charge Z, βCP scales steeply as Z5R(Z), where slowly varying R(Z) is a relativistic enhancement factor. Finally, we evaluate the feasibility of setting a limit on electron EDM by measuring CP-violating magnetization of liquid Xe. We find that such an experiment could provide competitive bounds on electron EDM only if the present level of experimental sensitivity to ultraweak magnetic fields [Kominis et al., Nature 422, 596 (2003)] is improved by several orders of magnitude
Zwicky, Roman
2007-01-01
We give a brief summary of the unparticle scenario proposed by Georgi. The CP-even phase of the propagator is exploited to study the CP-asymmetry in B+ --> tau+ + nu, which is neither experimentally searched for nor predicted by any other model. Furthermore we show that the novel CP-violation is consistent with the CPT theorem by identifying the CP-compensating mode in the unparticle sector.
The physics of CP violation is an area in which the Standard Model makes defininte predictions that have yet to be experimentally verified. B mesons are an excellent system in which to test these predictions. Current efforts to understand baryogenesis in the early universe suggest that there must be CP-violating processes betond the Standard Model. Reviewed here are the predictions of the Standard Model and how the various relationships between measurements can be used to test the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa picture of CP-violation, to measure remaining unknown Standard Model parameters, and to glimpse physics beyond the Standard Model. 88 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs
Leptonic CP Violation and Leptogenesis
Petcov, S T
2014-01-01
The phenomenology of 3-neutrino mixing, the current status of our knowledge about the 3-neutrino mixing parameters, including the absolute neutrino mass scale, and of the Dirac and Majorana CP violation in the lepton sector, are reviewed. The problems of CP violation in neutrino oscillations and of determining the nature - Dirac or Majorana - of massive neutrinos, are discussed. The seesaw mechanism of neutrino mass generation and the related leptogenesis scenario of generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe, are considered. The results showing that the CP violation necessary for the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe in leptogenesis can be due exclusively to the Dirac and/or Majorana CP-violating phase(s) in the neutrino mixing matrix $U$, are briefly reviewed.
CP violation in electroweak interactions
We present a general method to test the CP properties of gauge theories of the electroweak interactions. We consider both the case of spontaneous CP violation and of explicit CP breaking. The method enables one to derive in a simple way CP restrictions on the couplings of a given Lagrangian and to express these restrictions in terms of weak-basis invariants which define the CP properties of the Lagrangian. We consider in detail the case of the standard model and some of its simplest extensions. (orig.)
Recent Developments in Theory of CP Violation
Nir, Yosef
1997-01-01
Four topics in theory of CP violation are reviewed. (a) CP violation in $B$ decays: We describe a new clean way of constraining the angle $\\gamma$ of the unitarity triangle and how new CP violation in decay amplitudes can signal new physics. (b) CP violation in $K$ decays: We explain the special features of the decay $K_L\\ra\\pi^0\
CP violation with beautiful baryons
Dunietz, I. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.)
1992-10-01
CP violation can be studied in modes of charmed or bottom baryons when a decay process is compared with its charge-conjugated partner. It can show up as a rate asymmetry and in a study of other decay parameters. Neither tagging nor time-dependences are required to observe CP violation with modes of baryons, in contrast to the conventional B{sup 0} modes. Numerous modes of bottom baryons have the potential to show large CP-violating effects within the Standard Model. Those effects can be substantial for modes with a D{sup 0}, which is seen in a final state that can also be fed from {anti D}{sup 0}. For instance, a comparison of the {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}D{sub CP}{sup 0} with the anti {Lambda}{sub b}{yields} anti {Lambda}D{sub CP}{sup 0} process can show sizeable CP violation. Here D{sub CP}{sup 0} denotes CP eigenstates of D{sup 0}, which occur at a few percent. Six related processes, such as {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}D{sup 0}, {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}{anti D}{sup 0}, {Lambda}{sub b}{yields}{Lambda}D{sub CP}{sup 0}, and their charge-conjugated counterparts, can extract {phi}, which is the most problematic angle of the unitarity triangle and which is conventionally probed with the B{sub s}{yields}{rho}{sup 0} K{sub S} asymmetry. Here D{sup 0} and anti D{sup 0} are identified by their charged kaon or lepton.
CP violation and antigravity (revisited)
Chardin, G.
1993-06-01
Several arguments favour gravitation as the "Master Arrow of Time". Providing an explanation in terms of gravitation for the CP (and T) violation observed in the neutral kaon system, which provides the only example of a microscopic "arrow of time", is therefore extremely tempting. We show qualitatively that "antigravity" would provide just the amount of anomalous regeneration that we call CP violation and that a consequence of antigravity would be that any massive body would evaporate with the timescale of the Hawking radiation of black holes, which is linked to the generalized Second Law of Thermodynamics. Tests of this idea are proposed.
Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Pich, Antonio
2013-01-01
An introductory overview of the Standard Model description of flavour is presented. The main emphasis is put on present tests of the quark-mixing matrix structure and the phenomenological determination of its parameters. Special attention is given to the experimental evidences of CP violation and their important role in our understanding of flavour dynamics.
It is review the Standard Model predictions of CP violation in kaon decays. It is presented an elementary introduction to Chiral Perturbation Theory, four-quark effective Hamiltonians and the relation among them.Particular attention devoted to K -> 3 π, K->2πγ and K -> π ff decays
These lectures provide a basic overview of topics related to the study of CP Violation in B decays. In the first lecture, I review the basics of discrete symmetries in field theories, the quantum mechanics of neutral but flavor-non-trivial mesons, and the classification of three types of CP violation [1]. The actual second lecture which I gave will be separately published as it is my Dirac award lecture and is focused on the separate topic of strong CP Violation. In Lecture 2 here, I cover the Standard Model predictions for neutral B decays, and in particular discuss some channels of interest for CP Violation studies. Lecture 3 reviews the various tools and techniques used to deal with the hadronic physics effects. In Lecture 4, I briefly review the present and planned experiments that can study B decays. I cannot teach all the details of this subject in this short course, so my approach is instead to try to give students a grasp of the relevant concepts and an overview of the available tools. The level of these lectures is introductory. I will provide some references to more detailed treatments and current literature, but this is not a review article so I do not attempt to give complete references to all related literature. By now there are some excellent textbooks that cover this subject in great detail [1]. I refer students to these for more details and for more complete references to the original literature
These lectures provide a basic overview of topics related to the study of CP Violation in B decays. In the first lecture, I review the basics of discrete symmetries in field theories, the quantum mechanics of neutral but flavor-non-trivial mesons, and the classification of three types of CP violation. The actual second lecture which I gave will be separately published as it is my Dirac award lecture and is focussed on the separate topic of strong CP Violation. In Lecture 2 here, I cover the Standard Model predictions for neutral B decays, and in particular discuss some channels of interest for CP Violation studies. Lecture 3 reviews the various tools and techniques used to deal with the hadronic physics effects. In Lecture 4, I briefly review the present and planned experiments that can study B decays. I cannot teach all the details of this subject in this short course, so my approach is instead to try to give students a grasp of the relevant concepts and an overview of the available tools. The level of these lectures is introductory. I will provide some references to more detailed treatments and current literature, but this is not a review article so I do not attempt to give complete references to all related literature. By now there are some excellent textbooks that cover this subject in great detail. I refer students to these for more details and for more complete references to the original literature. (author)
Flavour physics and CP violation
Nir, Y
2015-01-01
We explain the many reasons for the interest in flavor physics. We describe flavor physics and the related CP violation within the Standard Model, and explain how the B-factories proved that the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism dominates the CP violation that is observed in meson decays. We explain the implications of flavor physics for new physics, with emphasis on the “new physics flavor puzzle”, and present the idea of minimal flavor violation as a possible solution. We explain why the values flavor parameters of the Standard Model are puzzling, present the Froggatt-Nielsen mechanism as a possible solution, and describe how measurements of neutrino parameters are interpreted in the context of this puzzle. We show that the recently discovered Higgs-like boson may provide new opportunities for making progress on the various flavor puzzles.
Flavour physics and CP violation
Rukmani Mohanta; Anjan Kumar Giri
2010-05-01
It is well known that the study of flavour physics and CP violation is very important to critically test the Standard Model and to look for possible signature of new physics beyond it. The observation of CP violation in kaon system in 1964 has ignited a lot of experimental and theoretical efforts to understand its origin and to look for CP violation effects in other systems besides the neutral kaons. The two -factories BABAR and BELLE, along with other experiments, in the last decade or so made studies in flavour physics and CP violation a very interesting one. In this article we discuss the status and prospectives of the flavour physics associated with the strange, charm and bottom sectors of the Standard Model. The important results in kaon sector will be briefly discussed. Recently, mixing in the charm system has been observed, which was being pursued for quite some time without any success. The smallness of the mixing parameters in the charm system is due to the hierarchical structure of the CKM matrix. Interestingly, so far we have not found CP violation in the charm system but in the future, with more dedicated experiments at charm threshold, the situation could change. Many interesting observations have been made in the case of bottom mesons and some of them show some kind of deviations from that of the Standard Model expectations which are mainly associated with the → flavour changing neutral current transitions. It is long believed that the system could be the harbinger of new physics since it is a system in which both bottom and strange quarks are the constituents. Recently, D0 and CDF announced their result for the mixing which is claimed to be the first possible new physics signature in the flavour sector. We plan to touch upon all important issues pointing out both theoretical and experimental developments and future prospects in this review article.
CP violation and flavor mixing
The development of the studies of CP violation and the quark and lepton flavors are reviewed based on the author's personal career. He started studying physics at Nagoya University before quark model came into the world. He entered the graduate program and the belonged to theoretical particle physics group led by Professor S. Sakata. In 1956, Sakata model was proposed on three baryons, n, p and lambda, which was eventually replaced by the quark model, but the root of the idea of the fundamental triplet was in Sakata model. Activities of Sakata group including proposal of Nagoya model, its further developments and the formulation of lepton flavor mixing are described based on his experience as a graduate student. After leaving Nagoya, he started to work on CP violation problem in Kyoto. The theoretical process they followed to explain CP violation and finally to propose the six-quark model in 1973 is described. Following their proposal, J/φ, τ-lepton, γ (bound state of quark b and anti-b) and quark t were discovered in '74, '75, '77 and '95', respectively. The large CP asymmetry in B-meson system expected from their theory was verified with electron positron collision experiments at B factories, KEKB of KEK and PEPII of SLAC. Measuring method and results of B factories are illustrated. Finally the lepton flavor mixing observed by K2K experiment with Super Kamiokande and reactor neutrinos with KamLAND, which are clearly showing the oscillating behavior, is described. (S. Funahashi)
CP violating scalar Dark Matter
Cordero-Cid, A.; Hernández-Sánchez, J; Keus, V.; King, S. F.; Moretti, S.; Rojas, D.; Sokołowska, D.
2016-01-01
We study an extension of the Standard Model (SM) in which two copies of the SM scalar $SU(2)$ doublet which do not acquire a Vacuum Expectation Value (VEV), and hence are \\textit{inert}, are added to the scalar sector. We allow for CP-violation in the \\textit{inert} sector, where the lightest \\textit{inert} state is protected from decaying to SM particles through the conservation of a $Z_2$ symmetry. The lightest neutral particle from the \\textit{inert} sector, which has a mixed CP-charge due...
This paper discusses some of the variety of CP violating processes in B decays and emphasize the advantages provided by decays into CP self-conjugate hadronic final states as a means of studying CP violation. New experimental inputs on the quark mixing matrix, which help narrow the range of predictions for hadronic CP violating asymmetries, are reviewed and some of the theoretical uncertainties connected with these predictions are discussed. Finally a brief discussion of present plans for experimentally observing CP violating effects in B decays is given
Leptogenesis without CP Violation at Low Energies
Rebelo, M. N.
2002-01-01
In this letter we give a class of examples where the decays of the heavy Majorana neutrinos may violate CP even if there is no CP violation at low energies, i.e., leptogenesis can take place without Majorana or Dirac type CP phases at low energies.
CP-violation in the neutralino system
Kalinowski, J.
2003-01-01
Supersymmetric extensions of the Standard Model provide new sources of CP violation. Here the CP properties of neutralinos are described and possible experimental signatures of CP--violation in the neutralino production processes at e+e- linear colliders are discussed.
Dynamical CP Violation in the Early Universe
Balaji, K R S; Brandenberger, Robert H; London, David; Brandenberger, Robert H.; London, David
2004-01-01
We show that the asymmetrical dynamical evolution of fields in the early Universe provides a new source for CP violation. This can lead to baryogenesis without any additional CP-violating interactions. The magnitude of this CP violation is time-dependent. In particular, it vanishes (or is very small) in the late Universe after the fields have relaxed (or are in their final approach) to their vacuum values. We provide an explicit example in which our mechanism is realized.
Gershon, T
2016-01-01
The phenomenon of CP violation is crucial to understand the asymmetry between matter and antimatter that exists in the Universe. Dramatic experimental progress has been made, in particular in measurements of the behaviour of particles containing the b quark, where CP violation effects are predicted by the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism that is embedded in the Standard Model. The status of these measurements and future prospects for an understanding of CP violation beyond the Standard Model are reviewed.
CP Violation in the scalar sector
Emmanuel-Costa, D; Osland, P; Rebelo, M N
2016-01-01
Models with an extended scalar sector may in principle provide new sources of CP violation originating in the scalar potential. One of the simplest ways to implement this idea is to have CP violation in a two-Higgs-doublet model. Here, it leads to CP violation in trilinear weak gauge boson couplings. We discuss how these couplings are becoming constrained in the alignment limit. In a model with three Higgs doublets, subject to an $S_3$ symmetry, several complex vacua are possible. Some of these, but not all, may lead to spontaneous CP violation.
Higgs CP Violation from Vectorlike Quarks
Chen, Chien-Yi; Zhang, Yue
2015-01-01
We explore CP violating aspects in the Higgs sector of models where new vectorlike quarks carry Yukawa couplings mainly to the third generation quarks of the Standard Model. We point out that in the simplest model, Higgs CP violating interactions only exist in the hWW channel. At low energy, we find that rare B decays can place similarly strong constraints as those from electric dipole moments on the source of CP violation. These observations offer a new handle to discriminate from other Higgs CP violating scenarios such as scalar sector extensions of the Standard Model, and imply an interesting future interplay among limits from different experiments.
CP violation from a higher dimensional model
It is shown that Randall–Sundrum model has the EDM term which violates the CP-symmetry. The comparison with the case of Kaluza–Klein theory is done. The chiral property, localization, anomaly phenomena are examined. We evaluate the bulk quantum effect using the method of the induced effective action. This is a new origin of the CP-violation. (author)
Michael Gronau
2004-02-01
While the Kobayashi-Maskawa single phase origin of CP violation passed its first crucial precision test in $B→ J/ K_{S}$, the chirality of weak $b$-quark couplings has not yet been carefully tested. We discuss recent proposals for studying the chiral and CP-violating structures of these couplings in radiative and hadronic $B$ decays.
Where is the origin of CP violations
If experimentally b→c is more suppressed than b→u, the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism of CP violation may not work. In the SU(2)xU(1)xS3 model, which gives all elements of the KM matrix naturally by the quark masses, this is the case and CP violations originate mainly from the Yukawa sector. (Auth.)
Theory prospective on leptonic CP violation
Petcov, S. T.
2016-07-01
The phenomenology of 3-neutrino mixing, the current status of our knowledge about the 3-neutrino mixing parameters, including the absolute neutrino mass scale, and of the Dirac and Majorana CP violation in the lepton sector are reviewed. The problems of CP violation in neutrino oscillations and of determining the nature - Dirac or Majorana - of massive neutrinos are discussed. The seesaw mechanism of neutrino mass generation and the related leptogenesis scenario of generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe are considered. The results showing that the CP violation necessary for the generation of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe in leptogenesis can be due exclusively to the Dirac and/or Majorana CP-violating phase(s) in the neutrino mixing matrix U are briefly reviewed. The discrete symmetry approach to understanding the observed pattern of neutrino mixing and the related predictions for the leptonic Dirac CP violation are also reviewed.
CP violation in K and B decays
The author reviews basic aspects of the phenomenology of CP violation in the decays of K and B mesons. In particular he discusses the commonly used classification of CP violation--CP violation in the mass matrix, in the interference of mixing with decay, and in the decay amplitude itself--and the related notions of direct and indirect CP violation. These concepts are illustrated with explicit examples. The author also emphasizes the highlights of this field including the clean observables B(KL → π0ν anti ν) and ACP (B → J/ΨKS). The latter quantity serves to demonstrate the general features of large, mixing induced CP violation in B decays
CP Violation in Vacuum Neutrino Oscillation Experiments
Gago, A M; Zukanovich-Funchal, R
2000-01-01
We discuss the use of the CP asymmetry parameter (Acp) as a possible observable of CP violation in the leptonic sector. In order to do this, we study for a wide range of values of L/E the behavior of this asymmetry for the corresponding maximal value of the CP violation factor allowed by all present experimental limits on neutrino oscillations in vacuum and the recent Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino result. We work in the three neutrino flavor framework.
Leptogenesis and Low energy CP violation, a link
Endoh, T; Kaneko, S; Kang, S K; Morozumi, T.; Tanimoto, M
2002-01-01
How is CP violation of low energy related to CP violation required from baryon number asymmetry ? We give an example which shows a direct link between CP violation of neutrino oscillation and baryogenesis through leptogenesis.
CP violation in charged B decays
CP violation in decay rates of, say, Bo → ψKs, important as they are, are primarily due to CP violation in the Bo bar Bo mass matrix. It is important to isolate CP violation that occurs in the decay process itself, since it provides independent checks on the mechanism of CP violation in nature. To this end, partial rate differences between B+ and B- would be particularly useful, since no mixing effects can occur, while complications such as effects of CP eigenstates in the final state would be absent as well. It is remarkable that CP violation can still arise, through interference effects between two amplitudes that have different CP-violating phases, as well as different final state interaction (FSI) phase shifts. In this paper, the author concentrates on the so-called penguin diagrams. Penguin diagrams provide both the ingredients for partial rate asymmetries. Being a loop diagram, it involves all three generations, each generation contributing with different KM elements. AT the same time, loop effects that involve real (on-shell) particle rescattering provide the necessary absorptive part (FSI phase). In what follows, the author reviews the subject of penguin-induced CP violation, with some emphasis on recent developments. Both inclusive and exclusive B± decays are discussed
Exploring CP Violation in the MSSM
Arbey, A; Godbole, R M; Mahmoudi, F
2015-01-01
We explore the prospects for observing CP violation in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with six CP-violating parameters, three gaugino mass phases and three phases in trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, using the CPsuperH code combined with a geometric approach to maximize CP-violating observables subject to the experimental upper bounds on electric dipole moments. We also implement CP-conserving constraints from Higgs physics, flavour physics and the upper limits on the cosmological dark matter density and spin-independent scattering. We study possible values of observables within the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), the non-universal Higgs model (NUHM), the CPX scenario and a variant of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM). We find values of the CP-violating asymmetry A_CP in b -> s gamma decay that may be as large as 3%, so future measurements of A_CP may provide independent information about CP violation in the MSSM. We find that CP-violating MSSM contributions to the...
CP violation versus flavour in supersymmetric theories
Abel, S.; Branco, G. C.; Khalil, S.
2003-09-01
We show that the quark flavour structure and CP violating phenomena are strongly correlated in supersymmetric theories. For a generic pattern of supersymmetry breaking the two broad categories of Yukawa couplings, democratic and hierarchical textures, have entirely different phenomenological implications. With hierarchical Yukawas, the rephasing invariant phase, arg(VusVcbVcb∗Vcs∗), in the CKM mixing matrix has to be of order unity, while the SUSY CP violating phases are severely constrained by electric dipole moments, giving rise to the so-called SUSY CP problem. With democratic Yukawas, all experimental CP results can be accommodated with small values for the CKM and SUSY CP violating phases (i.e., CP can be considered as an approximate symmetry at the high energy scale). We also show that within this scenario, an entirely real CKM matrix in supersymmetric models is still allowed by the present experimental results.
CP violation versus flavour in supersymmetric theories
Abel, S A; Khalil, S
2003-01-01
We show that the quark flavour structure and CP violating phenomena are strongly correlated in supersymmetric theories. For a generic pattern of supersymmetry breaking the two broad categories of Yukawa couplings, democratic and hierarchical textures, have entirely different phenomenological implications. With hierarchical Yukawas, the rephasing invariant phase, arg(V_us V_cb V_cb^* V_cs^*), in the CKM mixing matrix has to be of order unity, while the SUSY CP violating phases are severely constrained by electric dipole moments, giving rise to the so-called SUSY CP problem. With democratic Yukawas, all experimental CP results can be accommodated with small values for the CKM and SUSY CP violating phases (i.e., CP can be considered as an approximate symmetry at the high energy scale). We also show that within this scenario, an entirely real CKM matrix in supersymmetric models is still allowed by the present experimental results.
Dynamical CP violation in the early Universe
Following earlier ideas of Dolgov, we show that the asymmetrical dynamical evolution of fields in the early Universe provides a new source for CP violation. This can lead to baryogenesis without any additional CP-violating interactions. The magnitude of this CP violation is time-dependent. In particular, it vanishes (or is very small) in the late Universe after the fields have relaxed (or are in their final approach) to their vacuum values. We provide an explicit example in which our mechanism is realized
Exploring CP violation in the MSSM
We explore the prospects for observing CP violation in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) with six CP-violating parameters, three gaugino mass phases and three phases in trilinear soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters, using the CPsuperH code combined with a geometric approach to maximise CP-violating observables subject to the experimental upper bounds on electric dipole moments. We also implement CP-conserving constraints from Higgs physics, flavour physics and the upper limits on the cosmological dark matter density and spin-independent scattering. We study possible values of observables within the constrained MSSM (CMSSM), the non-universal Higgs model (NUHM), the CPX scenario and a variant of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM). We find values of the CP-violating asymmetry ACP in b → sγ decay that may be as large as 3 %, so future measurements of ACP may provide independent information about CP violation in the MSSM. We find that CP-violating MSSM contributions to the Bs meson mass mixing term ΔMBs are in general below the present upper limit, which is dominated by theoretical uncertainties. If these could be reduced, ΔMBs could also provide an interesting and complementary constraint on the six CP-violating MSSM phases, enabling them all to be determined experimentally, in principle. We also find that CP violation in the h2,3τ+ - and h2,3 anti tt couplings can be quite large, and so may offer interesting prospects for future pp, e+e-, μ+μ- and γγ colliders. (orig.)
MIXING AND CP VIOLATION IN D MESONS
Yaouanc, A. Le; Oliver, L.; Pène, O; Raynal, J. -C.
1995-01-01
We review mixing and CP violation in $D$ mesons, emphasizing the differences with the other pseudoscalar mesons in the Standard Model, and show that $D$ mesons can be useful to look for physics beyond the Standard Model.
Benson, Sean
2016-01-01
Latest LHCb measurements of $CP$ violation in b-hadrons are presented based on $pp$ collision data collected in 2011 and 2012 at centre-of-mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}=7$ $\\rm TeV$ and $8\\ \\rm TeV$ respectively. The total integrated luminosity collected is 3.0 fb$^{-1}$. Results include recent measurements of $CP$ violation in $B_d$ and $B_s$ mixing, along with those of quantifying the effects of $b\\to c\\bar{c} s$ loop pollution. Standard Model $CP$ violation tests in loop transitions are discussed with results consistent with expectations. New decays of b-baryons are presented and preliminary studies of $CP$ violation are performed.
CP violation in photon-photon collisions
Wudka, Jose
1994-01-01
The effective lagrangian parametrization is used to determine the CP violating effects in $ \\gamma \\gamma $ collisions. for the processes studied the effects are found to be very small, the one exception being scalar production.
Nonlocality and gravity-induced CP violation
Ahluwalia, D V
1998-01-01
We consider a space-time dependent relative phase between the right- and left-handed spinors and show that it results in a violation of locality in the presence of gravity once the demand of parity covariance is dropped. This violation of locality is such that it readily interprets itself as a gravity-induced CP violation, and at the same time confirms an earlier remark by Wigner that a representation space carries more information than a wave equation. This happens, as Kirchbach has noted, because while the dimensionality of an irreducible representation space does not depend upon the concrete realization of the symmetry generators, Noether currents (Dirac, versus Majorana, versus the CP violating construct presented here) do. The gravity-induced CP violation provides a dynamical reason on how a neutron star carrying its baryon and lepton numbers can collapse into a black hole and loose information on the latter characteristics.
Mixing and CP-violation in charm
Petrov, Alexey A.
2004-01-01
The motivation most often cited in searches for D0-anti-D0 mixing and CP-violation in charm system lies with the possibility of observing a signal from new physics which dominates that from the Standard Model. We review recent theoretical predictions and experimental constraints on D0-anti-D0 mixing parameters. We also discuss the current status of searches for CP-violation in charmed meson transitions, as well as some recent theoretical ideas.
CP violation in p bar p colliders
This paper presents a simple calculation to investigate the possibility of studying CP violation in the B-environment at present p bar p colliders. The authors' conclusion, based on the comparison of CDF, as an example of a standard detector, with a proposed bottom collider detector (BCD), is that observation of CP violation seems to be possible, though very hard, only with specifically designed detectors and with a high integrated luminosity
CP Violation in Hyperon Decays
Chang, Darwin; Chen, Chuan-Hung
1996-01-01
The CP properties in hyperon decays are briefly reviewed. We discuss the general phenomenology and define CP odd observables in hyperon decays. With these observables, we discuss the predictions of some models and their observational potential.
Spontaneous CP violation and neutral flavour conservation
The conditions for one-loop stability of neutral flavour conservation in SU(2)LxU(1) models with spontaneous CP violation are analysed. In addition to previously known cases there is an essentially unique two-generation model with two Higgs doublets where neutral flavour conservation is guaranteed to all orders by a non-standard CP symmetry. (orig.)
Recent theoretical developments in CP violation
Gronau, Michael
2001-01-01
We review recent suggestions for testing through B decays the flavor structure of CP violation in the Standard Model. Relative signs of CP asymmetries in U-spin related processes can by themselves test the Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism in a crude manner. Ratios of charge-averaged decay rates and certain CP asymmetries may constrain tightly the weak phases $\\gamma=\\phi_3$ and $\\alpha=\\phi_2$.
CP violation in B meson decays
Noguchi, S.; Belle Group
2003-06-01
CP violation in neutral B meson decays has been observed confirming the prediction of the Kobayashi-Maskawa model where introduction of six quaks naturally induces CP violation in the weak interaction. The measurements of CP asymmetryc in B meson decays were made at the newly constructed Asymmetric B factories, which consist of high luminosity, ebergy-asymmetric e+e- colliders (KEKB and PEP-II) and detectors (Belle and BaBar). The results are in good agreement and are consistent with other experimental results within the framework of the Standard Model.
CP Violation in Single Top Quark Production
Geng, Weigang [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
2012-01-01
We present a search for CP violation in single top quark production with the DØ experiment at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. CP violation in the top electroweak interaction results in different single top quark production cross sections for top and antitop quarks. We perform the search in the single top quark final state using 5.4 fb^{-1} of data, in the s-channel, t-channel, and for both combined. At this time, we do not see an observable CP asymmetry.
CP violation in charm decays at CDF
Exploiting the full Run II data sample collected by the CDF trigger on displaced vertices, we present a search for CP violation in neutral D mesons decays to hadronic final states. We use the strong D∗+ → D0π+ (and c.c.) decay to identify the flavor of the charmed meson at production time and exploit CP conserving strong c¯c pair-production in p¯p collisions. The results are the world’s most precise measurements to date and confirm the presence of sizable CP-violating effects in the charm sector as recently observed by the LHCb collaboration.
$CP$ violation effects in multibody $B$ decays
Dalseno, J
2014-01-01
$CP$ Violation is one of the necessary ingredients to produce the mat- ter anti-matter asymmetry we observe in the Universe today. The LHCb experiment is a general purpose forward-spectrometer located along the LHC proton-proton collider at CERN and is ideally suited for the in- vestigation of such phenomena. We present the latest results of 3-body charmless $B$ decays where large local $CP$ violating effects have been ob- served across various regions of the phase space. These results are discussed in the light of recent theoretical developments that attempt to understand the origin of the large asymmetries and their impact on future amplitude analyses.
Probing CP violation systematically in differential distributions
Durieux, Gauthier
2015-01-01
We revisit the topic of triple-product asymmetries which probe CP violation through differential distributions. We construct distributions with well-defined discrete symmetry properties and characterize the asymmetries formed upon them. It is stressed that the simplest asymmetries may not be optimal. We explore systematic generalizations having limited reliance on the process dynamics and phase-space parametrization. They exploit larger fractions of the information contained in differential distributions and may lead to increased sensitivities to CP violation. Our detailed treatment of the case of spinless four-body decays paves the way for further experimental studies.
Spontaneous CP symmetry violation in electroweak theories
The phenomenon of CP symmetry violation is reviewed with reference to the neutral kaon systems and its realization as manifest, or a spontaneous breaking in the context of electroweak gauge theories is discussed. It is shown that, as in the standard electroweak model, spontaneous CP violation can be achieved in the left-right symmetric and partially ununified models through extension of the Higgs sector and inclusion of an appropriate discrete symmetry. The experimental constraints on flavour changing neutral current in these models are also discussed. (author). 25 refs., 2 figs
CP - CPT - Violation in K0 - decays
Recent Measurements of the parameter ε'/ε in experiments at CERN and FNAL are reviewed. The measurement of the phases of η+- and η00 in these experiments give new upper limits on CPT - violation in the K → 2π decay amplitudes and in the mass difference between K0 and K-bar0. First data from CP - LEAR are presented with a short outline of the experiment. Prospects for the future of CP - violation experiments in K - decay are discussed. (author)
Prospects for CP Violation studies at LHCb
Gligorov, Vladimir V
2010-01-01
LHCb is the dedicated $B$ physics experiment at the Large Hadron Collider, whose goals are to overconstrain the CKM matrix and search for New Physics in the flavour sector. This contribution describes LHCb's programme for CP violation measurements. LHCb is introduced in the context of the LHC, and the current knowledge of CP violation is discussed. Three key areas of LHCb's physics programme are looked at in more detail: measurements of the CKM angle $\\gamma$, measurements of the $B^0_s$ mixing phase $\\phi_s$, and searches for New Physics in $b \\rightarrow s\\overline{s}s$ decays. LHCb's potential to measure the CKM angles $\\alpha$ and $\\beta$ is also discussed.
The investigation of rare K decays calls for a unified treatment of short- and long-distance aspects as provided by chiral perturbation theory. For the standard model with three generations, the theoretical predictions for signals of CP violation in those decays are reviewed. With direct CP violation as the main target, special emphasis is given to the charge asymmetries in charged K decays and to the especially rare decays KL → π0ll-bar. Time dependent rate asymmetries in K0 decays and the longitudinal muon polarization in KL → μ+μ- are also discussed. 50 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab. (Author)
Direct CP violation in neutral kaon decays
Wojciech Wiślicki
2004-03-01
The final result of the NA48 experiment is presented and performed at the CERN SPS neutral kaon beams, on the direct CP violation parameter Re$('/)$, as measured from the decay rates of neutral kaons into two pions. The data collected in the years 1997-2001 yield the evidence for the direct CP violation with Re$('/)=(14.7± 2.2)× 10^{-4}$. Description of experimental method and systematics, comparison with the corresponding FNAL result and discussion of some implications for the theory are given.
CP violation and the development of cosmological baryon asymmetry
Senjanovic, G.
1980-01-01
A discussion of the origin of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe is presented in the context of the standard cosmological model. Except in the case of the minimal SU(5) theory, it is possible that grand unified theories predict the right order of magnitude for the ratio of baryon to photon number. The question of CP violation is addressed in detail and it is shown that, tied up with symmetry nonrestoration at high temperature, the soft CP violation does remain at T approx. = 10/sup 15/ GeV as to lead to the creation of baryon asymmetry in the very early universe.
CP violation and the development of cosmological baryon asymmetry
A discussion of the origin of the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry of the universe is presented in the context of the standard cosmological model. Except in the case of the minimal SU(5) theory, it is possible that grand unified theories predict the right order of magnitude for the ratio of baryon to photon number. The question of CP violation is addressed in detail and it is shown that, tied up with symmetry nonrestoration at high temperature, the soft CP violation does remain at T approx. = 1015 GeV as to lead to the creation of baryon asymmetry in the very early universe
In this lecture, I will give an overview of the current and planned B meson facilities and the motivation for building them. The emphasis will be on the BaBar experiment at the PEP-II accelerator and on the primary physics motivation for these facilities: charge-parity symmetry violation. (Author) 11 refs
A CP-Violating Kinematic Structure
Ahluwalia, D V
2000-01-01
A CP violating kinematic structure is presented. The essential physical input is to question the textbook wisdom, ``Now when a particle is at rest, one cannot define its spin as either left- or right-handed, so phi_R(0) = phi_L(0),'' as found, e.g., in Lewis Ryder's Quantum Field Theory, and in many other books on the representations of the Lorentz group. It is suggested that this equality is true only up to a phase. The demand of C, P, and T covariances, separately, fixes this phase to be pm 1. If these conditions are relaxed, a natural CP-violating kinematic structure emerges. Having established a CP-violating kinematic structure, we then discuss how Planck scale physics necessarily invokes non-commutative space-time and that such changes in the structure of space-time will force upon us additional violations/deformations of the CPT structure of space-time, and a violation of the principle of equivalence via a violation of the Lorentz symmetries. The latter may carry significant consequences for understandi...
Charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
Gersabeck, Evelina Mihova
2015-01-01
LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. This sample is used to search for direct CP violation in the multibody prompt charm decays $D^0 -> \\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^0$. The search is employing an unbinned model independent method known as the energy test. Using the data collected by LHCb at centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV, the world's best sensitivity to CP violation in this decay is achieved. The data are found to be consistent with the hypothesis of CP symmetry with a p-value of $(2.6 \\pm 0.5)\\%$. New measurements of indirect CP violation in muon tagged $D^0$ decays to two-body CP even final states are presented. The time dependent CP asymmetries in the decay rates of the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays $D^0->KK$ and $D^0->\\pi\\pi$ decays using the full LHCb run 1 data set are determined to be $A_{\\Gamma} (K^-K^+) = (-0.134 \\pm 0.077 ^{+0.026}_{-0.034})\\% ; A_{\\Gamma} (\\pi^-\\pi^+) = (-0.092 \\pm 0.145 ^{+0.025}_{-0.033})\\%$, and are compatible with the hypothesis of no indirect CPV and with ...
Probing CP violation with T2K, NO$\
Dutta, Debajyoti
2016-01-01
The presence of non-unitary neutrino mixing can affect the measurement of the three-neutrino leptonic Dirac CP phase and hamper efforts to probe CP violation due to degeneracies of the extra non-unitary CP phase with the standard CP phase. We study the effect of including non-unitarity on probing CP violation with the long-baseline experiments NO$\
Indirect CP Violation in the Bd-system
Bernabeu, J.; Banuls, M. C.
1998-01-01
Recently a rephasing invariant definition of the CP-mixing parameter for Indirect CP Violation has been introduced. This is made possible by the explicit use of the CP operator into the analysis. The problem is then that of the determination of the CP operator for a CP violating scenario. We discuss it and provide a definite solution.
After an introduction to the standard-model description of C P violation and a brief look at the present status of this phenomenon in the kaon system, a classification of non-leptonic B-decays is given and the formalism of B0d,s-B0d,s mixing is discussed. We then turn to the B-factory benchmark modes, C P violation in charged B decays, and the Bs-meson system. Finally, we focus both on B → πK decays, which play an important role to probe the CKM angle γ, and on the Bd → π+π-, Bs → K+K- system, which allows an interesting determination of β and γ. (orig.)
CP violating phenomena and theoretical results
An introduction to CP violating phenomena is given and the standard model and its most popular low energy extensions in this context are reviewed. The discussion comprises the minimal supersymmetric extension of the standard model, left-right symmetry, the standard model with more than one Higgs doublet and gauged horizontal symmetries. (Author)
Search for CP Violation of CLEO
The CLEO experiment has been at the forefront of B meson physics for the last two decades. Particularly in the last few years CLEO has produced extensive results on rare decays of B meson. These results are a critical first step in the understanding of CP violations in the B meson system and are sensitive tests of the existence of new physics
CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence
Fitch, V. L.
1972-03-23
Within the past few months two excellent summaries of the state of our knowledge of the weak interactions have been presented. Correspondingly, we will not attempt a comprehensive review but instead concentrate this discussion on the status of CP violation, the question of the neutral currents, and the weak equivalence principle.
Flavour physics and CP-violation
An introductory overview of the Standard Model description of flavour is presented. The main emphasis is put on present tests of the quark-mixing matrix structure and the phenomenological determination of its parameters. Special attention is given to the experimental evidence for CP-violation and its important role in our understanding of flavour dynamics. (author)
Measuring CP violation in 3- and 4-body decays
Rademacker, J
2014-01-01
Multibody charm decays have a rich phenomenology and potentially unique sensitivity to CP violation. In these proceedings we discuss recent results, challenges and prospects in searches for CP violation in three and four body charm decays.
Measuring CP violation in 3- and 4-body decays
Jonas Rademacker
2013-01-01
Multibody charm decays have a rich phenomenology and potentially unique sensitivity to CP violation. In these proceedings we discuss recent results, challenges and prospects in searches for CP violation in three and four body charm decays.
Particle Width Effect on $CP$-Violating Asymmetries
Liu, Jiang
1992-01-01
$CP$-violating asymmetries calculated from the Breit-Wigner approximation for unstable particle propagators violate $CPT$. A formalism satisfying $CP$ invariance and unitarity is presented. Applications are given to $t$ decays. For the decay $t\\to b\
Charm CP violation and mixing at Belle
We present charm CP violation and mixing measurements at Belle. They are the first observation of D0 − D-bar 0 mixing in e+e− collisions from D0 → K+π− decays, the most precise mixing and indirect CP violation parameters from D0 → K0Sπ+π− decays, and the timeintegrated CP asymmetries in D0 → π0π0 and D0 → K0Sπ0 decays. Our mixing measurement in D0 → K+π− decays excludes the no-mixing hypothesis at the 5.1 standard deviation level. The mixing parameters x = (0.56 ± 0.19+0.03+0.06−0.09−0.09)%, y = (0.30 ± 0.15+0.04+0.03−0.05−0.06)% and indirect CP violation parameters |q/p| = (0.90+0.16+0.05+0.06−0.15−0.04−0.05)%, arg(q/p) = (−6 ± 11 ± 3+3−4)° measured from D0 → K0Sπ+π− decays, and the time-integrated CP asymmetries AD0→π0π0CP = (−0.03 ± 0.64 ± 0.10)% and AD0→K0Sπ0CP = (−0.21 ± 0.16 ± 0.07)% are the most precisemeasurements to date. Our measurements here are consistent with predictions of the standard model
CP violation in the B mesons at hadron colliders
CP violation measurements are a good way to test the validity of the Standard Model where CP violation phenomena are described by the CKM mechanism. A selection of recent measurements of CP violating observables in the decays of beauty hadrons performed at the hadronic colliders is presented.
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
Geng, Chao-Qiang, E-mail: geng@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, 400065, Chongqing (China); Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Physics Division, National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Huang, Da, E-mail: dahuang@phys.nthu.edu.tw; Tsai, Lu-Hsing, E-mail: lhtsai@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)
2015-11-26
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (M{sub ν}){sub ee}=0, and (ii) (M{sub ν}){sub ee}=(M{sub ν}){sub eμ}=0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators ℓ{sup -bar}{sub R}{sup c}γ{sup μ}L{sub L}(D{sub μ}Φ)Φ{sup 2} and ℓ{sup -bar}{sub R}{sup c}l{sub R}(D{sub μ}Φ){sup 2}Φ{sup 2}, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV≲m{sub 0}≲0.007 eV. Furthermore, for a given value of m{sub 0}, there are two solutions for the two Majorana phases α{sub 21} and α{sub 31}, whereas the Dirac phase δ is arbitrary. For (ii), the parameters of m{sub 0}, δ, α{sub 21}, and α{sub 31} can be completely determined. We calculate the CP-violating asymmetries in neutrino–antineutrino oscillations for both mass textures of (i) and (ii), which are closely related to the CP-violating Majorana phases.
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
Geng, Chao-Qiang [Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing (China); National Tsing Hua University, Department of Physics, Hsinchu (China); National Center for Theoretical Sciences, Physics Division, Hsinchu (China); Huang, Da; Tsai, Lu-Hsing [National Tsing Hua University, Department of Physics, Hsinchu (China)
2015-11-15
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (M{sub ν}){sub ee} = 0, and (ii) (M{sub ν}){sub ee} = (M{sub ν}){sub eμ} = 0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators anti l{sub R}{sup c}γ{sup μ}L{sub L}(D{sub μ}Φ)Φ{sup 2} and @ anti l{sub R}{sup c}l{sub R}(D{sub μ}Φ){sup 2}Φ{sup 2}, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (Mν)ee=0, and (ii) (Mν)ee=(Mν)eμ=0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators ℓ-barRcγμLL(DμΦ)Φ2 and ℓ-barRclR(DμΦ)2Φ2, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV≲m0≲0.007 eV. Furthermore, for a given value of m0, there are two solutions for the two Majorana phases α21 and α31, whereas the Dirac phase δ is arbitrary. For (ii), the parameters of m0, δ, α21, and α31 can be completely determined. We calculate the CP-violating asymmetries in neutrino–antineutrino oscillations for both mass textures of (i) and (ii), which are closely related to the CP-violating Majorana phases
CP violations in predictive neutrino mass structures
We study the CP-violation effects from two types of neutrino mass matrices with (i) (Mν)ee = 0, and (ii) (Mν)ee = (Mν)eμ = 0, which can be realized by the high-dimensional lepton number violating operators anti lRcγμLL(DμΦ)Φ2 and @ anti lRclR(DμΦ)2Φ2, respectively. In (i), the neutrino mass spectrum is in the normal ordering with the lightest neutrino mass within the range 0.002 eV
CP Violation in Tau to K* Decays
Hodgkinson, Mark; /Manchester U.
2006-03-10
A sample of {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} K*{sup {+-}} decays with K*{sup {+-}} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}} and K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, using 123.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is used to search for a direct CP violation effect in the charged Higgs sector. No evidence of CP violation is found and the imaginary part of the charged Higgs coupling, {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}), in the Multi-Higgs-Doublet-Model is found to be at -0.284 < {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}) < 0.200 at 90% Confidence Level. In addition the installation of the kk2f Monte Carlo generator into the BaBar software framework is described.
Signals for CP Violation in Split Supersymmetry
Deshpande, N.G.; Jiang, J.
2005-01-01
Split supersymmetry is characterized by relatively light chargino and neutralino sector and very heavy sfermion sector. We study the consequence of CP violation in this scenario by evaluating two-loop contributions to electric dipole moments of fermions from Higgs-photon as well as $W$-$W$ diagrams. These contributions add coherently and produce electron and neutron electric dipole moments close to present bounds. We then explore Higgs production at a photon-photon collider, and consider the ...
CP Violation in B -> pi K Decays
Imbeault, Maxime
2004-01-01
I briefly review CP violation in the B system, concentrating on B -> pi K decays. I discuss how to deal with electroweak-penguin contributions to these decays using flavour SU(3). With these, I show that the entire unitarity triangle can be extracted from measurements of B -> pi K decays. Finally, I examine the signals for new physics in these decays and the possibilities for measuring them.
The CP violating (CPV) kaonic matrix elements ε', ImA0, and ImA2, are used to compute CPV observables in baryonic systems. The numerical results for the electric dipole moment and the difference between Λ and Λ- decay parameters are similar to other approaches that use quark operators. Relations between the neutron electric dipole moment, CPV pion-nucleon coupling constants, and Λ decay parameters are derived
Charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
The LHCb experiment has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons. Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb−1 recorded in 2011 and 2012, measurements of direct and indirect CP violation in the charm sector and of D0 mixing parameters were performed. Results from several decay modes are presented with complementary time-dependent and time-integrated analyses
CP-violation in Compton scattering
Gorchtein, Mikhail
2008-01-01
I consider Compton scattering off the nucleon in the presence of $CP$ violation. I construct the Compton tensor which possesses these features and consider low energy expansion (LEX) of the corresponding amplitudes. It allows to separate out the Born contribution which only depends on the static properties of the nucleon, such as the electric charge, the mass, the magnetic moment, and the electric dipole moment (EDM). I introduce new structure constants, the $T$-odd nucleon polarizabilities w...
Flavor mixing democracy and minimal CP violation
Gerard, Jean-Marc; Xing, Zhi-zhong
2012-06-01
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle θC≃13° with the CP-violating phase ϕq around 1°, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around π/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase ϕl is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the ϕl→0 limit and predicts sin θ13=1/√{2}sin(ϕl/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation Jl=(sin ϕl)/12 can reach a few percent if θ13 lies in the range 7°⩽θ13⩽10°.
Flavor Mixing Democracy and Minimal CP Violation
Gerard, Jean-Marc
2012-01-01
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle \\theta_C \\simeq 13^\\circ with the CP-violating phase \\phi_q around 1^\\circ, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around \\pi/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase \\phi_l is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the \\phi_l \\to 0 limit and predicts \\sin\\theta_13 = 1/\\sqrt{2} \\sin (\\phi_l/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation J_l = (\\sin\\phi_l)/12 can reach a few percent if \\theta_13 lies in the range 7^\\circ \\leq \\theta_13 \\leq 10^\\circ.
Flavor mixing democracy and minimal CP violation
We point out that there is a unique parametrization of quark flavor mixing in which every angle is close to the Cabibbo angle θC≃13° with the CP-violating phase φq around 1°, implying that they might all be related to the strong hierarchy among quark masses. Applying the same parametrization to lepton flavor mixing, we find that all three mixing angles are comparably large (around π/4) and the Dirac CP-violating phase φl is also minimal as compared with its values in the other eight possible parametrizations. In this spirit, we propose a simple neutrino mixing ansatz which is equivalent to the tri-bimaximal flavor mixing pattern in the φl→0 limit and predicts sinθ13=1/√(2)sin(φl/2) for reactor antineutrino oscillations. Hence the Jarlskog invariant of leptonic CP violation Jl=(sinφl)/12 can reach a few percent if θ13 lies in the range 7°⩽θ13⩽10°.
Charm mixing and $CP$ violation at LHCb
Pearce, Alex
2016-01-01
LHCb collected the world's largest sample of open charm decays during Run 1 of the Large Hadron Collider. This has permitted many precision measurements of charm mixing and $CP$ violation parameters, the most precise of which being $\\Delta A_{CP}$, a measurement of the relative strength of direct, time-integrated $CP$ asymmetries between two singly-Cabibbo suppressed $D^{0}$ decays. This measurement has recently been updated using promptly-produced $D^{0}$ mesons with the full Run 1 dataset, and has a precision below the per mille level. In addition, LHCb has recently made the first observation of $D^{0}$ mixing in a multi-body $D^{0}$ decay, also measuring associated coherence parameters which can be used as input to measurements of the CKM angle $\\gamma$. LHCb has also measured the mixing parameters $x$ and $y$ with a model-independent analysis of $D^{0} \\to K_{S}^{0}\\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}$ decays, and the size of direct $CP$ violation in $D^{0} \\to K_{S}^{0}K_{S}^{0}$ decays. These four analyses will be presen...
Search for CP violation in hyperon decays.
Zyla, Piotr; Chan, A.; Chen, Y.C.; Ho, C.; Teng, P.K.; Choong, W.S.; Gidal, G.; Fu, Y.; Gu, P.; Jones, T.D.; Luk, K.B.; Turko, B.; James, C.; Volk, J.; Felix, J.; Burnstein, R.A.; Chakrovorty, A.; Kaplan, D.M.; Lederman, L.M.; Luebke, W.; Rajaram, D.; Rubin, H.A.; Solomey, N.; Torun, Y.; White, C.G.; White, S.L.; Leros, N.; Perroud, J.P.; Gustafson, H.R.; Longo, M.J.; Lopez, F.; Park H.K.; Clark, K.; Jenkins, M.; Dukes, E.C.; Durandet, C.; Holmstrom, T.; Huang, M.; Lu, L.; Nelson, K.S.
2002-10-25
Direct CP violation in nonleptonic hyperon decays can be established by comparing the decays of hyperons and anti-hyperons. For {Xi} decay to {Lambda} {pi} followed by {Lambda} to p{pi}, the proton distribution in the rest frame of Lambda is governed by the product of the decay parameters {alpha}{sub {Xi}} {alpha}{sub {Lambda}}. The asymmetry A{sub {Xi}{Lambda}}, proportional to the difference of {alpha}{sub {Xi}}{alpha}{sub {Lambda}} of the hyperon and anti-hyperon decays, vanishes if CP is conserved. We report on an analysis of a fraction of 1997 and 1999 data collected by the Hyper CP (E871) collaboration during the fixed-target runs at Fermilab. The preliminary measurement of the asymmetry is {Alpha}{sub {Xi}{Lambda}} = [-7 {+-} 12(stat) {+-} 6.2(sys)] x 10{sup -4}, an order of magnitude better than the present limit.
Rephasing-invariant CP violating parameters with Majorana neutrinos
We analyze the dependence of the squared amplitudes on the rephasing-invariant CP-violating parameters of the lepton sector, involving Majorana neutrinos, for various lepton- conserving and lepton-violating processes. We analyze the conditions under which the CP-violating effects in such processes vanish, in terms of the minimal set of rephasing invariants, giving special attention to the dependence on the extra CP-violating parameters that are due to the Majorana nature of the neutrinos. (author)
Radiative violation of CP-symmetry
The left-right quiral symmetry is not conserved by the Standard model. A subgroup of the standard gauge group (SU(2)L) breaks this symmetry in a explicit way. Moreover, the standard model, if there are theree or more matter generations, violates the CP discrete symmetry. This prediction has been experimentally demonstrated correct in the Kaon anti Kaon system. In this work some possible explanations to the CP violation parameter magnitude are researched. We have studied the variation of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix with the energy scale. To realize this work we have developed a general method to calculate the renormalization group equations of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix parameters. From these equations we could also calculate the renormalization group equation of the J parameter that characterizes the CP violation. This calculus has been applied in a concrete example: a typical supersymmetric model from superstring theories. This model can be seen like a natural extension of the supersymmetric standard model. This kind of models have a gauge group bigger that the standard one more particles and new terms of the Lagrangian. We have verified that such model provides us of a correct low energy fenomenology and, moreover other results, some particle spectrums have been developed. In the elaboration of this model some conditions, that the model has to respected to be compatible with the actual fenomenology, have been studied. The most interesting results of this thesis are the develop of a general method to calculate the renormalization group equations of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix parameters and the develop of a new mechanism of the radiative violation. This mechanism is related with the new terms of the Lagrangian. (Author)
CP violation in the cubic coupling of neutral gauge bosons
Chang, D; Pal, P B; Darwin Chang; Wai-Yee Keung; Palash Pal
1995-01-01
ABSTRACT: We investigate the CP violating form factor of the ZZZ and ZZ\\gamma vertices in the pair production of Z^0 bosons. Useful observables in azimuthal distributions are constructed to probe CP nonconservation which may originate from these vertices. A simple Two Higgs Model of CP violation is used as an illustration.
CP-violation in Compton scattering
Gorchtein, Mikhail
2008-01-01
I consider Compton scattering off the nucleon in the presence of $CP$ violation. I construct the Compton tensor which possesses these features and consider low energy expansion (LEX) of the corresponding amplitudes. It allows to separate out the Born contribution which only depends on the static properties of the nucleon, such as the electric charge, the mass, the magnetic moment, and the electric dipole moment (EDM). I introduce new structure constants, the $T$-odd nucleon polarizabilities which parametrize the unknown non-Born part. These constants describe the response of the $T$-violating content of the nucleon to the external quasistatic electromagnetic field. As an estimate, I provide a HBChPT calculation for these new polarizabilities and discuss the implications for the experiment.
The CKM matrix and CP violation
The CKM picture of the quark sector is reviewed. The author explains how the phenomena of quark mixing, CP violation and the absence of flavor changing neutral currents arise in the Standard Model. He describes the determination of the CKM elements from direct measurements, from unitarity and from indirect measurements. He discusses the motivation for schemes of quark mass matrices and analyzes the Fritzsch scheme as an example. Finally, he lists the experimental and theoretical improvements expected in the future in the determination of the CKM matrix. 86 refs., 6 figs
B mixing and CP violation at CDF
The mixing of the neutral B mesons and the violation of CP symmetry in the B sector can be investigated at the Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. The most severe challenge that these measurements pose is tagging the flavor of a B meson at production. Here we present in detail the method of same side tagging (SST), which is used to obtain new measurement of the B0 mass difference Δmd = 0.446 ± 0.057(stat) + 0. 034 - 0.031(syst) ps-1. The significance of SST and other tagging methods for physics during Run II of the Tevatron is discussed
Recent Tevatron Results on CP-Violation
Garbincius, Peter H. [Fermilab
2014-08-27
Using their full Tevatron Run II data sets, the CDF and D0 Experiments present measurements of CP -violating asymmetries in the charmless decays of bottom baryons Λ0 → pπ-, Λ0 → pK-, and also for B0 → K-π+, B0 → K+π-, b b s Ds → φπ± , and for single muons and like-sign dimuons in pp collisions. Except for the like-sign dimuon asymmetry, these asymmetry measurements are consistent with available predictions of the standard model.
Recent Tevatron Results on CP-Violation
Garbincius, Peter H. [Fermilab
2014-08-25
Using their full Tevatron Run II data sets, the CDF and D0 Experiments present measurements of CP-violating asymmetries in the charmless decay of bottom baryons Lambda-b => p pi-, Lambda-b => p K-, and also for Bs0 => K- pi+, B0 => K+ pi-, Ds => phi pi, and for single muons and like-sign dimuons in p-pbar collisions. Except for the like-sign dimuon asymmetry, these asymmetry measurements are consistent with available predictions of the standard model.
The Discovery of Direct CP Violation
Iconomidou-Fayard, L
2015-01-01
Soon after the discovery in 1964 of the non-conservation of CP symmetry in the neutral kaon system, the hunt was launched for a component arising from direct violation on top of the dominant effect due to mixing. It took almost 20 years until the first evidence of a signal was reported by NA31 and another 10 years to establish the effect with a significance of more than 5 standard deviations. This article describes the beams, detectors and analysis methods used by the two CERN experiments, NA31 and NA48, which made key contributions to these results and established new standards for precision measurements.
CP violating Tri-bimaximal-Cabibbo mixing
Ahluwalia, D V
2012-01-01
In view of the new data from the Daya Bay and RENO collaborations, King has presented a very natural deformation of tri-bimaximal mixing. Here we show that L/E flatness of the e-like event ratio in the atmospheric neutrino data, when coupled with King's observation that the smallest neutrino mixing angle, \\theta_{13}, seems to be related to the largest quark mixing angle (the Cabibbo angle \\theta_C), leads to a CP violating tri-bimaximal-Cabibbo mixing. King's tri-bimaximal-Cabibbo mixing follows as a leading order approximation from our result.
CP violation in the K and B systems
Kayser, B. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)][National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA (United States)
1996-11-01
Although CP violation was discovered more than thirty years ago, its origin is still unknown. In these lectures, we describe the CP- violating effects which have been seen in K decays, and explain how CP violation can be caused by the Standard Model weak interaction. The hypothesis that this interaction is indeed the origin of CP violation will be incisively tested by future experiments on B and K decays. We explain what quantities these experiments will try to determine, and how they will be able to determine them in a theoretically clean way. To clarify the physics of the K system, we give a phase-convention-free description of CP violation in this system. We conclude by briefly exploring whether electric dipole moments actually violate CP even if CPT invariance is not assumed.
Neutrinos as a probe of CP-violation and leptogenesis
Silvia Pascoli
2006-10-01
Establishing CP-violation in the lepton sector is one of the most challenging future tasks in neutrino physics. The lepton mixing matrix contains one Dirac phase and, if neutrinos are Majorana particles, two additional CP-violating phases. I will review the main theoretical aspects of CP-violation in the lepton sector. Then, I will present the strategies for determining the Dirac and the Majorana CP-violating phases in long-baseline and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments, respectively. Leptonic CP-violation has received recently a lot of attention as it might be at the origin of the baryon asymmetry of the Universe. Within the context of the see-saw mechanism, I will discuss the possible connection between the CP-violating phases measurable at low energy with the ones entering in leptogenesis.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
S.F. King
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM Constraints and Phenomenology
King, S F; Nevzorov, R; Walz, K
2015-01-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Exploring the CP-violating NMSSM: EDM constraints and phenomenology
King, S. F.; Mühlleitner, M.; Nevzorov, R.; Walz, K.
2015-12-01
The Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (NMSSM) features extra new sources for CP violation. In contrast to the MSSM CP violation can already occur at tree level in the Higgs sector. We investigate the range of possible allowed CP-violating phases by taking into account the constraints arising from the measurements of the Electric Dipole Moments (EDMs) and the latest LHC Higgs data. Our analysis shows that large CP-violating phases, that are NMSSM-specific, are not in conflict with the EDMs. They are dominantly constrained by the Higgs data in this case. We use our results to investigate the prospects of measuring CP violation through the combined measurement of Higgs rates, on the one hand, and in observables based on CP-violating Higgs couplings to tau leptons on the other hand.
Search for CP-violation in Positronium Decay
Yamazaki, T; Asai, S; Kobayashi, T
2009-01-01
CP-violation in the quark sector has been well established over the last decade, but has not been observed in the lepton sector. We search for CP-violating decay processes in positronium, using the angular correlation of (\\vec{S}\\cdot\\vec{k_{1}})(\\vec{S}\\cdot\\vec{k_{1}}\\times\\vec{k_{2}}), where \\vec{S} is the the positronium spin and \\vec{k_{1}}, \\vec{k_{2}} are the directions of the positronium decay photons. To a sensitivity of 2.2\\times10^{-3}, no CP-violation has been found, which is at the level of the CP-violation amplitude in the K meson. A 90% confidence interval of the CP-violation parameter (C_{CP}) was determined to be -0.0023 < C_{CP} < 0.0049. This result is a factor 7 more strict than that of the previous experiment.
Studies of charm mixing and CP violation at LHCb
Göbel Carla
2014-01-01
Recent results on mixing and CP violation in charm decays are presented, based on an integrated luminosity of 1 fb 1 from pp -collision data taken at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the LHCb detector. The hypothesis of no mixing in the D 0 ̄ D 0 system is excluded with a significance of 9 : 1 s . Direct CP violation searches are reported in different modes. No indication of CP violation in charm is found.
CP Violation in B Meson Decays: Experimental Results
Lanceri, Livio; /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste
2005-08-30
CP violation is intimately connected with the puzzle of matter-antimatter asymmetry and baryogenesis. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the observed CP violation phenomena are accounted for by the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mechanism involving a phase in the quark mixing matrix. This paper is devoted to a review of the experimental status of CP violation in the decays of B mesons.
The most recent results obtained by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B Factory at SLAC on CP-violating asymmetries and branching fractions for neutral and charged B decays are presented here. The analysis was performed on a data sample of ∼ 88 million Υ(4S) → B(bar B) decays collected between 1999 and 2002. Using b → c(bar c)s decays, we measure sin2β = 0.741 ± 0.067(stat) ± 0.034(syst). We also present sin2β measurements from, b → s(bar s)s and b → c(bar c)d processes. From neutral B meson decays to two-body final states of charged pions and kaons, we derive for the CP violating parameters, Sππ = 0.02 ± 0.34 ± 0.05 [-0.54, +0.58] and Cππ = -0.30 ± 0.25 ± 0.04 [-0.72, +0.12]. First results for B → π+π-π0 and K±π±π0 final states dominated by the ρ± resonance, are also presented
CP violation in B decays to spinning particles
When B-mesons decay to particles with spin, or to multibody final states, CP-violating effects that involve spins or momenta become possible. These effects could provide new insights into the physics underlying CP violation. In addition, in neutral B decays there are CP-violating signals whose study requires spin or angular distribution information, but that could, in effect, be added to the CP-violating signals coming from partial-width asymmetries. One might then be able to obtain a statistically significant measure of CP violation with fewer B-mesons than would otherwise be needed. This paper discusses CP-violating effects that involve outgoing particle spins or momenta, but do not involve the special features of neutral B decay that arise from Bo-bar Bo mixing. The authors review neutral B decay as a test of CP violation in the standard Model, and then show how measurements of angular distributions would enable one to extract additional CP-violating signals that could contribute to the test. The authors also review the intriguing quantum mechanics of CP violation in the decay of correlated B-mesons produced in Υ(4s) decays
Dark and Visible Photons as Source of CP Violation
Gamboa, J
2015-01-01
The problem of excess gamma radiation in the center of galaxy is discussed assuming that the photon's production is dominated by two kinds of processes, the first one due to the conventional kinetic mixing term and, secondly, due to a kinetic mixing term violating the CP symmetry between dark and visible photons. The CP violation symmetry between dark and visible sectors is not forbidden and, in principle, could be considered as an additional source of CP violation. The conversion probability between dark and visible photons is calculated and compared between both processes. The processes violating CP are less significant but contribute non-trivially to the excess gamma radiation.
Searches for New Physics in CP Violation from BABAR
Results of recent searches for new physics in CP violation in charm decays from the BABAR experiment are presented. These results include a measurement of D0 - anti D0 mixing and searches for CP violation in two-body D0 decays, a search for CP violation in the charm decays D± → KS0K± and DS± → KS0K± , KS0π± , and a search for direct CP violation in the singly-Cabibbo suppressed D± → K+K-π±decays. These studies are based on the final dataset collected by BABAR at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC in the period 1999-2008. No evidence of CP violation is found in these charm decays. The measured mixing parameter yCP = [0.72 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.12(syst)]% excludes the no-mixing null hypothesis with a significance of 3.3σ.
Direct CP violation in hadronic B decays
HONG; Bihai
2006-01-01
[1]Aubert B,Barate R,Boutigny D,et al.Direct CP violating asymmetry in B0 → K+π-decays.Phys Rev Lett,2004,93,131801[2]Abe K,Adachi I,Aihara H,et al.Observation of large CP violation and evidence for direct CP violation in B0 → K+π-decays.Phys Rev Lett,2004,93:021601[3]Bauer M,Stech B,Wirbel M.Exclusive semileptonic decays of heavy mesons.Z Phys C,1985,29:637-642[4]Bauer M,Stech B,Wirbel M.Exclusive nonleptonic decays of D,DS,and B mesons.Z Phys C,1987,34:103-115[5]Ali A,Kramer G,Lu C D.Experimental tests of factorization in charmless non-leptonic two-body B decays.Phys Rev D,1998,58:094009[6]Lu C D.Charmless non-leptonic two-body B decays in factorization approach.Nucl Phys Proc Supp,1999,74:227-230[7]Cheng H Y.Nonfactorizable contributions to nonleptonic weak decays of heavy mesons.Phys Lett B,1994,335:428-435[8]Cheng H Y Z.Hadronic weak decays of heavy mesons and nonfactorization.Phys Lett C,1996,69:647-654[9]Beneke M,Buchalla G,Neubert M,Sachrajda C T.QCD factorization for B0 → K+π-decays:Strong phases and CP violation in the heavy quark limit.Phys Rev Lett,1999,83:1914-1917[10]Beneke M,Buchalla G,Neubert M,Sachrajda C T.QCD factorization for exclusive,nonleptonic B meson decays:General arguments and the case of heavy light final states.Nucl Phys B,2000,591:313-418[11]Lapage G P,Brodsky S J.Exclusive processes in quantum chromodynamics:evolution equations for hadronic wave functions and the form-factors of mesons.Phys Lett B,1979,87:359-365[12]Lapage G P,Brodsky S J.Exclusive processes in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.Phys Rev D,1980,22:2157-2198[13]Huang C S.Phys Energ Fortis Et Phys Nucl,1980,4:761[14]Cao F G,Dai Y B,Huang C S.Twist-three contribution to the pion electromagnetic form-factor.Eur Phys J C,1999,11:501-506[15]Botts J,Sterman G,Hard elastic scattering in QCD:Leading behavior.Nucl Phys B,1989,325:62-100[16]Li H N,Sterman G.The perturbative pion form-factor with Sudakov suppression.Nucl Phys B,1992,381:129-140[17]Li H N,Yu H L
CP Violation in Kaon Decays (II)
Yamanaka, Taku
2014-01-01
Major progress has been made in kaon physics in the past 50 years. The number of KL->pi+pi- events has increased by 6 orders of magnitude, and the observed CP violation was experimentally proven to be caused by a complex phase in the CKM matrix. Recent kaon experiments are now searching for new physics beyond the standard model with the K->pi nu nu-bar decays. The branching ratio of K->pi nu nu-bar decays are 7-8 orders of magnitude smaller than the branching ratio of KL->pi+ pi-. This paper reviews the progress of kaon experiments in the US and Japan, and how the 6-7 orders of magnitude improvements were possible in the past 50 years.
CP violation in the radiative dileptonic B-meson decays
Erkol, G; Turan, G
2002-01-01
We investigate the CP violating asymmetry, the forward-backward asymmetry and the CP violating asymmetry in the forward-backward asymmetry for the radiative dileptonic B-meson decays B-d --> gammal(+)l(-) for the f = e, mu, tau channels. It is observed that these asymmetries are quite sizable and B-
CP violation: the past, the present and the future
A I Sanda
2000-07-01
We have just entered a period during which we expect considerable progress toward understanding CP violation. Here we review what we have learnt so far, and what is to be expected in the near future. To do this we cover the foundation of CP violation at a level which can be understood by physicists who are not working in this ﬁeld.
Effect of CP-violation on the sphaleron rate
B.J. Nauta
2000-01-01
We calculate the effect of two CP-violating (dimension-eight) operators of the SU(2)-Higgs model on the motion along a particular path from the vacuum to the sphaleron. It turns out that CP-violation may introduce a difference between the sphaleron rate towards larger Chern-Simons number and the rat
Proceedings of the Workshop on CP Violation at KAON Factory
These proceedings contain the written version of eight talks delivered at the Workshop on CP Violation at KAON Factory. The articles contain reviews on the exploration of CP violation effects associated with the s-quark. Discussion on the use of intense kaon fluxes, which will be available at the proposed KAON Factory, are included
Computing the temperature dependence of effective CP violation in the standard model
Brauner, Tomas; Taanila, Olli; Tranberg, Anders; Vuorinen, Aleksi
2012-01-01
CP violation in the standard model originates from the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix. Upon integrating all fermions out of the theory, its effects are captured by a series of effective nonrenormalizable operators for the bosonic gauge and Higgs fields. We compute the CP-violating part of...... the effective action to the leading nontrivial, sixth order in the covariant gradient expansion as a function of temperature. In the limit of zero temperature, our result addresses the discrepancy between two independent calculations existing in the literature [1, 2]. We find that CP violation in the...
CP violation and B0-(B0)-bar mixing
The status of CP violation and B0-(B0)-bar mixing is given and the subsequent constraints in the framework of the Standard Model are discussed. Recent result on CP violation in the kaon system and related topics are reviewed, including the status of T violation and the tests of the CPT symmetry. The results on B0-(B0)-bar mixing are presented followed by the studies on Bd0-(Bd0)-bar and Bs0-(Bs0)-bar oscillations. Finally, the prospects of progress on understanding CP violation are discussed in framework of the new projects expected to produce results at the turn of the century. (author)
Complementarity of LHC and EDMs for Exploring Higgs CP Violation
Chen, Chien-Yi; Zhang, Yue
2015-01-01
We analyze the constraints on a CP-violating, flavor conserving, two Higgs doublet model from the measurements of Higgs properties and from the search for heavy Higgs bosons at LHC, and show that the stronger limits typically come from the heavy Higgs search channels. The limits on CP violation arising from the Higgs sector measurements are complementary to those from EDM measurements. Combining all current constraints from low energy to colliders, we set generic upper bounds on the CP violating angle which parametrizes the CP odd component in the 126 GeV Higgs boson.
CP violation in hadronic τ decays
We consider CP-violating effects in τ→3πντ and 4πντ(ΔS=0), and τ→Kππντ(ΔS=1), assuming that the usual Standard Model amplitudes for these processes interfere with analogous amplitudes mediated by a charged Higgs boson. In the ΔS=0 case we focus specifically on the intermediate resonant processes τ→Vπντ (with V=ω,ρ, and a1), and consider three CP-odd observables – the partial rate asymmetry, a polarization-dependent asymmetry and a triple-product asymmetry. In the ΔS=1 case we examine the partial rate asymmetry, two “modified” rate asymmetries, and a triple-product asymmetry. The partial rate asymmetry is expected to be small for both the ΔS=0 and ΔS=1 cases. Evaluation of the other asymmetries indicates that they could potentially be measurable
Implications of maximal Jarlskog invariant and maximal CP violation
We argue here why CP violating phase Φ in the quark mixing matrix is maximal, that is, Φ=90 . In the Standard Model CP violation is related to the Jarlskog invariant J, which can be obtained from non commuting Hermitian mass matrices. In this article we derive the conditions to have Hermitian mass matrices which give maximal Jarlskog invariant J and maximal CP violating phase Φ. We find that all squared moduli of the quark mixing elements have a singular point when the CP violation phase Φ takes the value Φ=90 . This special feature of the Jarlskog invariant J and the quark mixing matrix is a clear and precise indication that CP violating Phase Φ is maximal in order to let nature treat democratically all of the quark mixing matrix moduli. (orig.)
Implications of maximal Jarlskog invariant and maximal CP violation
Rodriguez-Jauregui, E. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Cuernavaca (Mexico). Inst. de Fisica
2001-04-01
We argue here why CP violating phase {phi} in the quark mixing matrix is maximal, that is, {phi}=90 . In the Standard Model CP violation is related to the Jarlskog invariant J, which can be obtained from non commuting Hermitian mass matrices. In this article we derive the conditions to have Hermitian mass matrices which give maximal Jarlskog invariant J and maximal CP violating phase {phi}. We find that all squared moduli of the quark mixing elements have a singular point when the CP violation phase {phi} takes the value {phi}=90 . This special feature of the Jarlskog invariant J and the quark mixing matrix is a clear and precise indication that CP violating Phase {phi} is maximal in order to let nature treat democratically all of the quark mixing matrix moduli. (orig.)
Implications of maximal Jarlskog invariant and maximal CP violation
Rodríguez-Jáuregui, E
2001-01-01
We argue here why CP violating phase Phi in the quark mixing matrix is maximal, that is, Phi=90 degrees. In the Standard Model CP violation is related to the Jarlskog invariant J, which can be obtained from non commuting Hermitian mass matrices. In this article we derive the conditions to have Hermitian mass matrices which give maximal Jarlskog invariant J and maximal CP violating phase Phi. We find that all squared moduli of the quark mixing elements have a singular point when the CP violation phase Phi takes the value Phi=90 degrees. This special feature of the Jarlskog invariant J and the quark mixing matrix is a clear and precise indication that CP violating Phase Phi is maximal in order to let nature treat democratically all of the quark mixing matrix moduli.
Phenomenology of CP violation in a flavor blind MSSM
We present an analysis of CP violating effects in a supersymmetric scenario, where the CKM matrix remains the only source of flavor violation but new CP violating phases are introduced in the soft sector. Such a scenario can be probed not only through flavor conserving observables like EDMs, but also through several flavor changing and CP violating processes, like the CP asymmetries in b→sγ and B→φKS. We find strong correlations among these observables. In particular, the desire to reproduce the measured non-standard value of the CP asymmetry in B→φKS unambiguously implies large effects in the CP asymmetry of b→sγ as well as lower bounds of the EDMs of the electron and the neutron
Unity of CP and T Violation in Neutrino Oscillations
Blom, Martin; Blom, Martin; Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
In a previous work a simultaneous P- CP[P] and P- T[P] bi-probability plot was proposed as a useful tool for unified graphical description of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillation. The ``baseball diamond'' structure of the plot is understood as a consequence of the approximate CP-CP and the T-CP relations obeyed by the oscillation probabilities. In this paper, we make a step forward toward deeper understanding of the unified graphical representation by showing that these two relations are identical in its content, suggesting a truly unifying view of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillations. We suspect that the unity reflects the underlying CPT theorem. We also present calculation of corrections to the CP-CP and the T-CP relations to leading order in Delta m^2_{21} / Delta m^2_{31} and s^2_{13}.
Classical Illustrations of CP Violation in Kaon Decays
Rosner, Jonathan L; Rosner, Jonathan L.; Slezak, Scott A.
2001-01-01
It is easy to construct classical 2-state systems illustrating the behavior of the short-lived and long-lived neutral $K$ mesons in the limit of CP conservation. The emulation of CP violation is more tricky, but is provided by the two-dimensional motion of a Foucault pendulum. Analogies are drawn between the pendulum and observables in neutral kaon decays. An emulation of CP- and CPT-violation using electric circuits is also discussed.
First Search for CP Violation in Tau Lepton Decay
We have performed the first search for CP violation in tau lepton decay. CP violation in lepton decay does not occur in the minimal standard model but can occur in extensions such as the multi-Higgs doublet model. It appears as a characteristic difference between the τ- and τ+ decay angular distributions for the semileptonic decay modes such as τ-→K0π-ν . We define an observable asymmetry to exploit this and find no evidence for any CP violation. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society
CP Violation in Fermion Pair Decays of Neutral Boson Particles
He, X G; McKellar, B; He, Xiao-Gang
1994-01-01
We study CP violation in fermion pair decays of neutral boson particles with spin 0 or 1. We study a new asymmetry to measure CP violation in $\\eta, K_L \\rightarrow \\mu^+\\mu^-$ decays and discuss the possibility of measuring it experimentally. For the spin-1 particles case, we study CP violation in the decays of $J/\\psi$ to $SU(3)$ octet baryon pairs. We show that these decays can be used to put stringent constraints on the electric dipole moments of $\\Lambda$, $\\Sigma$ and $\\Xi$.
The MOMENT to search for CP violation
Blennow, Mattias; Fernández-Martinez, Enrique
2015-01-01
In this letter, we analyze for the first time the physics reach in terms of sensitivity to leptonic CP violation of the proposed MuOn-decay MEdium baseline NeuTrino beam (MOMENT) experiment, a novel neutrino oscillation facility that would operate with neutrinos from muon decay. Apart from obtaining a sufficiently intense flux, the bottlenecks to the physics reach of this experiment will be achieving a high enough suppression of the atmospheric background and, particularly, attaining a sufficient level of charge identification. We thus present our results as a function of these two factors. As for the detector, we consider a very massive Gd-doped Water Cherenkov detector. We find that MOMENT will be competitive with other currently planned future oscillation experiments if a charge identification of at least 80 % can be achieved at the same time that the atmospheric background can be suppressed by at least a factor of ten. We also find a large synergy of MOMENT with the current generation of neutrino oscillat...
The MOMENT to search for CP violation
Blennow, Mattias [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Coloma, Pilar [Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Fernández-Martinez, Enrique [Autonomous Univ. of Madrid and Inst. of Theoretical Physics (Spain)
2015-11-09
In this letter, we analyze for the first time the physics reach in terms of sensitivity to leptonic CP violation of the proposed MuOn-decay MEdium baseline NeuTrino beam (MOMENT) experiment, a novel neutrino oscillation facility that would operate with neutrinos from muon decay. Apart from obtaining a sufficiently intense flux, the bottlenecks to the physics reach of this experiment will be achieving a high enough suppression of the atmospheric background and, particularly, attaining a sufficient level of charge identification. We thus present our results as a function of these two factors. We consider a very massive Gd-doped Water Cherenkov detector. We also find that MOMENT will be competitive with other currently planned future oscillation experiments if a charge identification of at least 80 % can be achieved at the same time that the atmospheric background can be suppressed by at least a factor of ten. We also find a large synergy of MOMENT with the current generation of neutrino oscillation experiments, T2K and NOvA, which significantly enhances its final sensitivity.
Berger, Joshua; Ghosh, Diptimoy; Hewett, JoAnne L; Ismail, Ahmed; Rizzo, Thomas G
2015-01-01
We investigate the sensitivity of the next generation of flavor-based low-energy experiments to probe the supersymmetric parameter space in the context of the phenomenological MSSM (pMSSM), and examine the complementarity with direct searches for Supersymmetry at the 13 TeV LHC in a quantitative manner. To this end, we enlarge the previously studied pMSSM parameter space to include all physical non-zero CP-violating phases, namely those associated with the gaugino mass parameters, Higgsino mass parameter, and the tri-linear couplings of the top quark, bottom quark and tau lepton. We find that future electric dipole moment and flavor measurements can have a strong impact on the viability of these models even if the sparticle spectrum is out of reach of the 13 TeV LHC. In particular, the lack of positive signals in future low-energy probes would exclude values of the phases between ${\\cal O}(10^{-2})$ and ${\\cal O}(10^{-1})$. We also find regions of parameter space where large phases remain allowed due to cance...
LHCb : Measuring $CP$ violation with $\\Delta A_{CP}$ at LHCb
Pearce, A
2014-01-01
Measurements are presented of direct $CP$ violation in $D^{0}$ meson decays in LHCb, using the $\\Delta A_{CP}$ technique, and a proposal is outlined to make similar measurements in the decays of the charmed baryon $\\Lambda_{c}^{+}$. The motivations for use of the $\\Delta A_{CP}$ method are discussed, along with the current results and future prospects.
Estimate of CP Violation for the LBNE Project and $\\delta_{CP}
Kisslinger, Leonard S.
2011-01-01
Measurements of CP violation (CPV) and the basic $\\delta_{CP}$ parameter are the goals of the LBNE Project, which is being planned. Using the expected energy and baseline parameters for the LBNE Project, CPV and the dependence of CPV on $\\delta_{CP}$ are estimated, to help in the planning of this project.
50 years of CP violation — What have we learned?
McKellar, Bruce H. J. [Centre of Excellence for Particle Physics at the Terrascale School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Australia 3010 (Australia)
2015-04-24
Early after the discovery of CP violation, the explanation of how the Standard Model of particle physics could allow CP violation was quickly given, but it took many years for the original observation to be unequivocally explained on that basis. It was also proposed that this observation opened up the possibility that we could now explain the fact that the universe is made of matter. Remarkably, 50 years later we have no evidence in particle physics that there is any CP violation except that of the Kobayashi Maskawa mechanism of the standard model. Yet we fail completely to explain the baryon asymmetry of the Universe through that mechanism. After reviewing the main points in the history I describe the present experimental attempts to find CP violation beyond the standard model, and explain the theoretical attempts to explain the matter in the Universe.
CP violation and beauty factories and related issues in physics
This book contains the following topics: Results from existing and new colliders; CP violation and rare B decays' Hadronic production of B-quarks; Machine and detectors issues for B-factories; Future prospects: and summary of working group
Searches for CP violation in charm decays at BABAR
Neri, Nicola
2013-01-01
In the Standard Model \\CP violation in charm decays is expected to be very small, at the level of 0.1% or less. A significant excess of \\CP violation with respect to the Standard Model predictions would be a signature of new physics. We report on recent searches for \\CP violation in charm meson decays at \\babar, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 470 \\invfb. In particular, we report on searches for \\CPV in the 3-body $\\Dp\\to\\Kp\\Km\\pip$ decay and for decay modes with a \\KS in the final state, such as $\\Dp\\to\\KS\\Kp$, $\\Ds\\to\\KS\\Kp$, $\\Ds\\to\\KS\\pip$. A lifetime ratio analysis of $\\Dz\\to\\Kp\\Km, \\pip\\pim$ with respect to $\\Dz\\to\\Km\\pip$ decays, which is sensitive to \\Dz-\\Dzb mixing and \\CP violation, is also presented here.
Implications of CP-violation in charmed hadrons
I discuss theoretical implications of recent experimental progress in understanding CP-violation in charmed mesons. I review recent standard model predictions and attempts to constrain beyond the standard model scenarios using observations of charm hadron transitions
50 years of CP violation — What have we learned?
Early after the discovery of CP violation, the explanation of how the Standard Model of particle physics could allow CP violation was quickly given, but it took many years for the original observation to be unequivocally explained on that basis. It was also proposed that this observation opened up the possibility that we could now explain the fact that the universe is made of matter. Remarkably, 50 years later we have no evidence in particle physics that there is any CP violation except that of the Kobayashi Maskawa mechanism of the standard model. Yet we fail completely to explain the baryon asymmetry of the Universe through that mechanism. After reviewing the main points in the history I describe the present experimental attempts to find CP violation beyond the standard model, and explain the theoretical attempts to explain the matter in the Universe
Dilution measurements for CP violation in B decay
The dilution effect appearing in the search for CP violation in the B0d, bar B0d decay is discussed. The authors considers pN collisions at large c.m. energy (LHC and SSC projects). A measurement of the dilution parameter is proposed by considering B+-, B0d, bar B0d decaying into channels where CP violation is not present
CP violation and related topics in K and B physics
CP violation is a very small effect. It has only been seen in KoK-baro where ξ = 2.3 10/sup -3/ while the absolute value of ξ'/ξ 0// = 0. ii) In the standard Kobayashi-Maskawa (KM) model CP violation is proportional to s/sub 1/s/sub 2/x x s/sub 3/sinδ, its smallness being due to the smallness of the sinuses
CP violation in B hadron decays at LHCb
Perazzini, S
2015-01-01
LHCb is one of the four major experiments operating at the Large Hadron Collider, and is specifically dedicated to the measurement of CP violation and rare decays in the beauty and charm quark sectors. In this report we present some of the latest and most relevant CP violation measurements in B hadron decays, performed by LHCb using the data sample collected during 2011 and 2012
Seeking CP violating couplings in ZZ production at LEP2
Biebel, Jochen
1998-02-01
The effects of CP violating anomalous ZZZ and γZZ vertices in ZZ production are determined. We present the differential cross-section for e+e--->ZZ with dependence on the spins of the Z bosons. It is shown that from the different spin combinations those with one longitudinally and one transversally polarized Z in the final state are the most sensitive to CP violating anomalous couplings.
Seeking $CP$ Violating Couplings in $ZZ$ Production at LEP2
Biebel, J
1999-01-01
The effects of CP violating anomalous ZZZ and gammaZZ vertices in ZZ production are determined. We present the differential cross-section for e+e- -> ZZ with dependence on the spins of the Z bosons. It is shown that from the different spin combinations those with one longitudinally and one transversally polarized Z in the final state are the most sensitive to CP violating anomalous couplings.
Neutrinos How Do They Mix and Violate CP?
Fritzsch, Harald; Fritzsch, Harald; Xing, Zhi-zhong
2000-01-01
We discuss a simple model of lepton mixing and CP violation based on the flavor democracy of charge leptons and the mass degeneracy of neutrinos. A nearly bi-maximal flavor mixing pattern, which is favored by current data on atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillations, emerges naturally from this model after explicit symmetry breaking. The rephasing-invariant strength of CP or T violation can be as large as one percent, leading to significant probability asymmetries between \
14th Conference on Flavor Physics and CP Violation
2016-01-01
The 2016 edition of the Conference on Flavor Physics and CP Violation will be held at on the campus of the California Institute of Technology on 6-9 June. The FPCP conference series was founded in 2002 through the merger of the Heavy Flavor (HF) and B Physics and CP Violation (BPCP) conference series. A list of previous FPCP venues can be found here.
A prediction of neutrino mixing matrix with CP violating phase
The latest experimental progress has established three kinds of neutrino oscillations with three mixing angles measured to rather high precision. There is still one parameter, i.e., the CP violating phase, missing in the neutrino mixing matrix. It is shown that a replay between different parameterizations of the mixing matrix can determine the full neutrino mixing matrix together with the CP violating phase. From the maximal CP violation observed in the original Kobayashi-Maskawa (KM) scheme of quark mixing matrix, we make an Ansatz of maximal CP violation in the neutrino mixing matrix. This leads to the prediction of all nine elements of the neutrino mixing matrix and also a remarkable prediction of the CP violating phase δCK=(85.48-1.80(-4.90)+4.67(+12.87))° within 1σ (3σ) range from available experimental information. We also predict the three angles of the unitarity triangle corresponding to the quark sector for confronting with the CP violation related measurements.
Search for Direct CP Violation in B -> K pi Decays
Abe, K
2001-01-01
We search for direct CP violation in flavor specific B -> K pi decays by measuring the rate asymmetry between charge conjugate modes. The search is performed on a data sample of 11.1 million B B bar events recorded on the Upsilon(4S) resonance by the Belle experiment at KEKB. We measure 90% confidence intervals in the partial rate asymmetry A_CP of -0.25 < A_CP(K-/+ pi+/-) < 0.37, -0.40 < A_CP(K-/+ pi^0) < 0.36, and -0.53 < A_CP(K^0 pi-/+) < 0.82. By combining the K-/+ pi+/- and K-/+ pi^0 fin...
Generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry and leptonic CP violation
Chen, Peng; Gonzalez-Canales, Felix; Valle, J W F
2016-01-01
We propose a generalized $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection symmetry to constrain the lepton flavor mixing parameters. We obtain a new correlation between the atmospheric mixing angle $\\theta_{23}$ and the "Dirac" CP violation phase $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$. Only in a specific limit our proposed CP transformation reduces to standard $\\mu-\\tau$ reflection, for which $\\theta_{23}$ and $\\delta_{CP}$ are both maximal. The "Majorana" phases are predicted to lie at their CP-conserving values with important implications for the neutrinoless double beta decay rates. We also study the phenomenological implications of our scheme for present and future neutrino oscillation experiments including T2K, NO$\
Unity of CP and T Violation in Neutrino Oscillations
Blom, Martin; Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
In a previous work a simultaneous P- CP[P] and P- T[P] bi-probability plot was proposed as a useful tool for unified graphical description of CP and T violation in neutrino oscillation. The ``baseball diamond'' structure of the plot is understood as a consequence of the approximate CP-CP and the T-CP relations obeyed by the oscillation probabilities. In this paper, we make a step forward toward deeper understanding of the unified graphical representation by showing that these two relations ar...
New Views on the Problem of CP Violation
Minakata, Hisakazu
2004-01-01
After briefly recollecting basic features of the good-old way of detecting CP violation by comparing nu_{e} and nu_{e}-bar appearance measurement in long-baseline (LBL) neutrino oscillation experiments, I discuss two new ways of exploring leptonic CP violation. First, I discuss the reactor-LBL method in which reactor measurement of theta_{13} is combined with nu_{e} (no nu_{e}-bar) appearance measurement in LBL.. Assuming \\sim 10^{3} GW_{th} ton year operation of a reactor experiment, CP sens...
False Signals of CP-Invariance Violation at DUNE
de Gouvêa, André
2016-01-01
One of the main goals of the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) is to look for new sources of CP-invariance violation. Another is to significantly test the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm. Here, we show that there are CP-invariant new physics scenarios which, as far as DUNE data are concerned, cannot be distinguished from the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm with very large CP-invariance violating effects. We discuss examples with non-standard neutrino interactions and with a fourth neutrino mass eigenstate. We briefly discuss how ambiguities can be resolved by combining DUNE data with data from other long-baseline experiments, including Hyper-Kamiokande.
Searches for New Physics in CP Violation from BABAR
Palombo, Fernando [Universita di Milano, Dipartimento di Fisica, Milano (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano (Italy). et al.
2015-05-12
Results of recent searches for new physics in CP violation in charm decays from the BABAR experiment are presented. These results include a measurement of D^{0} - anti D^{0} mixing and searches for CP violation in two-body D^{0} decays, a search for CP violation in the charm decays D^{±} → K_{S}^{0}K ^{±} and D_{ s}^{±} → K_{S}^{0}K^{±} , K_{S}^{0}π^{±} , and a search for direct CP violation in the singly-Cabibbo suppressed D^{±} → K^{+}K^{-}π^{±}decays. These studies are based on the final dataset collected by BABAR at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC in the period 1999-2008. No evidence of CP violation is found in these charm decays. The measured mixing parameter y_{CP} = [0.72 ± 0.18(stat) ± 0.12(syst)]% excludes the no-mixing null hypothesis with a significance of 3.3σ .
On distinguishing the direct and spontaneous CP violation in 2HDM
Sokolowska, Dorota; Krawczyk, Maria; Kanishev, K. A.
2008-01-01
The most general Two Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) allows both for the explicit and the spontaneous CP violation in the scalar sector. Here we discuss CP violation in terms of basis-independent quantities and show how using two different sets of known CP-odd weak-basis invariants one can distinguish between CP conservation, explicit CP violation and spontaneous CP violation. The special case of CP violation without CP mixing, in which the neutral Higgs gauge boson interaction respects CP while H...
Higgs sector CP-violation at the electroweak phase transition
Laine, Mikko
1999-01-01
We consider explicit and spontaneous CP-violation related to the profile of the two Higgs doublets at the MSSM electroweak phase transition. We find, in accordance with previous results, that in principle spontaneous CP-violation could exist in the MSSM at finite temperatures, but when the constraints from experiment and the strength of the transition are taken into account, the relevant region of the parameter space is rather restricted. Nevertheless, we show that in this small region, perturbative estimates need not be reliable, and non-perturbatively the region might be slightly larger (or smaller). To allow for more precise perturbative studies and for a lattice study of the non-perturbative corrections, we construct an effective 3d theory for the light stops and the two Higgses in the regime of large mQ. The 3d theory involves CP-violating parameters and allows to determine CP-odd observables.
CP violation searches in the charm sector at LHCb
CERN. Geneva
2016-01-01
LHCb has collected the world's largest sample of charmed hadrons, thus enabling measurements of direct and indirect CP violation parameters of D^0 mesons to be made with unprecedented precision. The difference in CP asymmetries between the singly Cabibbo-suppressed (SCS) D^0 -> K+K- and D^0 -> pi+pi- decays (Delta A_CP) has emerged as a powerful observable to search for direct CPV in the charm sector. By taking the difference between the two modes, most of the asymmetries induced by the detector or coming from the production mechanism are cancelled. The measurement of Delta A_CP done at LHCb is the most precise measurement of a time-integrated CP asymmetry in the charm sector from a single experiment, with a precision reaching the sub-permille level. Two independent measurements of Delta A_CP based on complementary data sets will be presented. Related 2-body searches and searches for direct CP violation in multi-body decays of the D^0 mesons will be discussed. Indirect CP violation in charm is measured throug...
Higgs bosons in supersymmetric model with CP-violating potential
Oshimo, Noriyuki
2015-01-01
In the supersymmetric standard model which is not minimal, the Higgs potential does not conserve CP symmetry generally. Assuming that there exists an SU(2)-triplet Higgs field, we discuss resultant CP-violating effects on the Higgs bosons. The experimentally observed Higgs boson, which should be CP-even in the standard model, could decay into two photons of CP-odd polarization state non-negligibly. For the second lightest Higgs boson, in sizable region of parameter space, the dominant decay m...
Linking Leptonic CP violation to Quark Unitarity Triangle
Tanimoto, Morimitsu
2015-01-01
We study the linking between the CP violating phase of the lepton sectors and the unitarity triangle of the B0 meson system. Antusch, King, Malinsky and Spinrath have shown that the quark mass matrices with the negligible 1-3 mixing give an interesting relation between the phase of the quark mixing matrices and CP violating measure phi_2(alpha). This approach is extended by considering the SO(10) GUT including the Pati-Salam symmetry, which links the Yukawa matrices of the quark sector to the one of the lepton sector. We discuss the relation of the CP violating phases between both quark and lepton sectors as well as the mixing angles. Then, the leptonic CP violating phase is predicted in terms of the angle of the unitarity triangle of the B0 meson system. The leptonic CP violating phase deltaPMNS is predicted in the region -74 to -89, which is the consistent with the recent T2K results. Our predicted phase is sensitive to phi_2(alpha) and phi_3(gamma). These predictions will be clearly tested in the future ne...
CP Violation and Baryogenesis in the Presence of Black Holes
Banks, Tom
2015-01-01
In a recent paper[1] Kundu and one of the present authors showed that there were transient but observable CP violating effects in the decay of classical currents on the horizon of a black hole, if the Lagrangian of the Maxwell field contained a CP violating angle {\\theta}. In this paper we demonstrate that a similar effect can be seen in the quantum mechanics of QED: a non-trivial Berry phase in the QED wave function is produced by in-falling electric charges. We also investigate whether CP violation, of this or any other type, might be used to produce the baryon asymmetry of the universe, in models where primordial black hole decay contributes to the matter content of the present universe. This can happen both in a variety of hybrid inflation models, and in the Holographic Space-time (HST) model of inflation[2].
Cern Academic Training programme 2011 - Flavour Physics and CP Violation
PH Department
2011-01-01
LECTURE SERIES 4, 5, 6 and 7 April 2011 Flavour Physics and CP Violation Dr. Yosef Nir (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel 11:00-12:00 - 4, 6 and 7 April - Bldg. 222-R-001 - Filtration Plant 5 April - Bldg. 80-1-001 - Globe 1st Floor The B-factories have led to significant progress in our understanding of CP violation and of flavour physics. Yet, two flavour puzzles remain. The standard model flavour puzzle is the question of why there is smallness and hierarchy in the flavour parameters. The new physics flavour puzzle is the question of why TeV-scale new physics was not signalled in flavour changing neutral current processes. The high pT experiments, ATLAS and CMS, are likely to shed light on these puzzles. As concerns CP violation, the LHC will lead to progress on the puzzle of the baryon asymmetry as well.
CP violation in tbW couplings at the LHC
We study in a model-independent way anomalous CP-violating tbW effective couplings that might arise from new physics in the processes pp→tW-X and pp→t¯W+X, followed by semileptonic decay of t and t¯. These processes have a dependence on effective tbW couplings both in the production process as well as in the decay of the t or t¯. We propose several CP-violating asymmetries constructed out of variables in the two processes, including t and t¯ polarization, and energy and azimuthal angles of the decay particles. We find that it is feasible to probe a certain CP-violating combination of anomalous couplings at the percent level at the LHC for centre-of-mass energy 14 TeV and an integrated luminosity of 10 fb-1.
W K H Panofsky prize awarded for CP violation
2006-01-01
Italo Mannelli (left) et Heinrich Wahl (right) at CERN after the announcement of the prize. The American Physical Society has recently announced its 2007 winners of the W K H Panofsky prize to CERN's Heinrich Wahl (now at the University of Ferrara), Italo Mannelli from Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa and Bruce Winstein of University of Chicago. These three physicists led experiments that resulted in a multitude of precision measurements of properties of neutral kaons, most notably the discovery of direct CP violation. The W K H Panofsky prize recognizes outstanding achievements in experimental particle physics. Wahl and Mannelli's important work at CERN with CP violation and neutral kaons in the 1970s paved the way for the NA31 experiment in the 1980s. This experiment, of which Wahl was the spokesperson, focused on and found the first evidence for direct CP violation. Mannelli played a leading role, particularly in implementing his knowledge of calorimetry using liquefied noble gases, a technique originally...
Towards new frontiers in CP violation in B decays
CP-violating effects in decays of B mesons offer a wide spectrum of probes for testing the phase structure of the quark-flavour sector of the Standard Model. After a brief discussion of the picture emerging from the current LHC data, the focus will be put on two specific topics: hadronic uncertainties from penguin topologies on measurements of the B0q- B-bar 0q mixing phases (q element of {d,s}), and the U-spin-related decays B0s → K+K− and B0d → π+π−. Valuable new insights are expected from future studies of CP violation in B decays. For the detection of possible new sources of CP violation, it will be crucial to match the experimental and theoretical precisions and to have a careful look at the underlying assumptions
CP violation in the standard model and beyond
The present status of CP violation in the standard six quark model is reviewed and a combined analysis with B-meson decays is presented. The theoretical uncertainties in the analysis are discussed and the resulting KM weak mixing angles, the phase delta and the ratio epsilon'/epsilon are given as functions of Tsub(B), GAMMA(b -> u)/GAMMA(b -> c), msub(t) and the B parameter. For certain ranges of the values of these parameters the standard model is not capable in reproducing the experimental values for epsilon' and epsilon parameters. Anticipating possible difficulties we discuss various alternatives to the standard explanation of CP violation such as horizontal interactions, left-right symmetric models and supersymmetry. CP violation outside the kaon system is also briefly discussed. (orig.)
CP violation in charm and beauty decays at LHCb
Pepe Altarelli, M., E-mail: monica.pepe.altarelli@cern.ch
2013-08-15
LHCb is a dedicated heavy flavour physics precision experiment at the LHC searching for New Physics (NP) beyond the Standard Model (SM) through the study of very rare decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons and precision measurements of CP-violating observables. In this review I will present a selection of recent precision measurements of CP-violating observables in the decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons. These measurements are based on an integrated luminosity of up to 1.0 fb{sup −1} collected by LHCb in 2011.
On weak decays of heavy flavors, mixing and CP violation
Detailed studies of weak decays serve not only to confirm the Standard Model, but possess also a high sensitivity to New Physics: tau and top decays are discussed in this vein, with some short remarks on beauty and charm. The sensitivity to New Physics is even higher in delicate phenomena like mixing and CP violation: a fairly detailed discussion on K0 - anti K0, D0 - anti D0, and B0 - anti B0 mixing and on CP violation in K0 and B decays is presented. 48 refs., 11 figs
CP violation in the B system: What's old, what's new?
I review the many ways of obtaining information about the CKM matrix through CP violation in the B system. I include direct and indirect CP violation, the role of penguins and isospin analysis, tagging, and B→DK decays. I also discuss recent developments showing how to use SU(3) flavor symmetry, along with some dynamical approximations, to extract from B decays to ππ, πK, and KK0 the weak CKM phases, the strong phase shifts, and the sizes of the various contributing diagrams. Finally, I briefly show what can be learned from an exact treatment of the CKM matrix. copyright 1995 American Institute of Physics
CP violation in charm and beauty decays at LHCb
LHCb is a dedicated heavy flavour physics precision experiment at the LHC searching for New Physics (NP) beyond the Standard Model (SM) through the study of very rare decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons and precision measurements of CP-violating observables. In this review I will present a selection of recent precision measurements of CP-violating observables in the decays of beauty and charm-flavoured hadrons. These measurements are based on an integrated luminosity of up to 1.0 fb−1 collected by LHCb in 2011
On weak decays of heavy flavors, mixing and CP violation
Bigi, I.I.
1987-10-01
Detailed studies of weak decays serve not only to confirm the Standard Model, but possess also a high sensitivity to New Physics: tau and top decays are discussed in this vein, with some short remarks on beauty and charm. The sensitivity to New Physics is even higher in delicate phenomena like mixing and CP violation: a fairly detailed discussion on K/sup 0/ - anti K/sup 0/, D/sup 0/ - anti D/sup 0/, and B/sup 0/ - anti B/sup 0/ mixing and on CP violation in K/sup 0/ and B decays is presented. 48 refs., 11 figs.
CP Violation and Baryogenesis from New Heavy Quarks
Hou, Wei-Shu
2008-01-01
The electroweak theory contains all the necessary ingredients for baryogenesis, albeit insufficiently. Baryon number is violated at high temperature, but the electroweak phase transition is too weak, while {$CP$} violation in the three generation Kobayashi-Maskawa model is much too small. % We point out that an extra generation of heavy quarks could resolve both issues. Recent B factory data may hint at new sources of {$CP$} violation in the {$B^\\pm\\to K^\\pm\\pi^0$} electroweak penguin process. Unequivocal evidence could soon emerge at the Tevatron, in the {$CP$} violating phase {$\\sin 2\\Phi_{B_s}$} in {$\\bar B_s^0$}--{$B_s^0$} oscillations. Both effects can come from a heavy top-like {$t^\\prime$} quark. The large Yukawa couplings, associated with the heaviness of the {$t^\\prime$} and {$b^\\prime$} quarks, enhance the {$CP$} violation by orders of magnitude, and could strengthen the electroweak phase transition. The Large Hadron Collider can quickly confirm a large and negative {$\\sin 2\\Phi_{B_s}$}, and discove...
CPLEAR et BABAR, all aspects of CP violation
This report of French 'Habilitation a diriger les recherches' summarizes my scientific activity from 1993 to 2003. During this decade, my research work was related to two particle physics experiments: CPLEAR and BABAR. The first one, CPLEAR, has recorded data from 1988 to 1995 on the low energy anti-proton ring (LEAR) at CERN. This experiment was devoted to the study of T, CPT et CP discrete symmetries. The second experiment, BABAR, has been running since 1999, on the PEP-II B factory at SLAC. This experiment searches for CP violation and tests the Standard Model through the measurements of the angles and the sides of the Unitarity Triangle. My research work is divided in five main topics: Study of CP and CPT violation in K0 → π+ π- decays; Performance optimization of the particle identification detector (DIRC) of the BABAR experiment; B meson tagging in BABAR experiment; Δmd measurement and Search for CP and T violation in mixing with dilepton events; Search for CP violation in B0 → ρ± π± and B0 → π± K± decays. (author)
Search for CP and CPT violation in positronium decay
Adkins, Gregory S.
2010-01-01
Positronium, the electron-positron bound state, is described to a good approximation by pure QED. The states of positronium have definite values of C and P. Consequently, positronium is an attractive system for the investigation of possible violations of the discrete symmetries in the leptonic sector. We discuss signals for CP and CPT violation in the decay of spin-polarized orthopositronium and show where such correlations might arise in the context of the Standard-Model Extension.
Dynamical CP Violation in the Early Universe and Leptogenesis
Balaji, K R S; Brandenberger, R H; London, D; Biswas, Tirthabir; Brandenberger, Robert H.; London, David
2005-01-01
In a recent publication, we suggested a mechanism for obtaining dynamical CP violation in the early Universe based on the out-of-equilibrium evolution of complex scalar fields. In this paper, we suggest several ways of transferring the CP asymmetry from the scalar sector to the leptonic sector. In particular, we point out how a ``transient MNS(P) matrix'' can generate an asymmetry between fermions and anti-fermions directly.
Dynamical CP violation in the early universe and leptogenesis
In a recent publication, we suggested a mechanism for obtaining dynamical CP violation in the early universe based on the out-of-equilibrium evolution of complex scalar fields. In this paper, we suggest several ways of transferring the CP asymmetry from the scalar sector to the leptonic sector. In particular, we point out how a 'transient Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata (Pontecorvo) matrix' can generate an asymmetry between fermions and antifermions directly
New physics effects on CP violation in B decays
The author reviews new physics effects on CP violation in B decays. In chapter 2 he introduces the formalism, and discusses the Standard Model picture of CP violation in B decays, with special emphasis on the cleanliness of the predictions. Chapter 3 gives a general discussion of new physics effects: he points out the ingredients in the analysis that are sensitive to new physics and deduces the type of new physics that is most likely to modify the Standard Model predictions. Explicit examples are given in chapter 4: a model with Z-mediated flavor changing neutral currents demonstrates in which ways the new physics will manifest itself in CP asymmetries in B decays; a supersymmetric model with open-quotes quark-squark alignmentclose quotes mechanism shows that supersymmetry may affect CP asymmetries in B decays, even though the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model does not; multi-scalar models may affect the asymmetries even in the absence of new CP violating phases; schemes for quark mass matrices will be crucially tested by the CP asymmetries. In chapter 5 he explains how, if deviations from the Standard Model predictions are measured, one will be able to learn detailed features of the New Physics that is responsible for that
New FOCUS results on charm mixing and CP violation
Bianco, S; Paolone, V S; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vásquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Butler, J N; Vaandering, E W; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Gardner, R; Wiss, J; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Arena, V; Davenport, T F; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y; Bianco, Stefano
2001-01-01
We present a summary of recent results on CP violation and mixing in the charm quark sector based on a high statistics sample collected by photoproduction experiment FOCUS (E831 at Fermilab). We have measured the difference in lifetimes for the $D^0$ decays: $D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^+$ and $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$. This translates into a measurement of the $y_{CP}$ mixing parameter in the $\\d0d0$ system, under the assumptions that $K^-K^+$ is an equal mixture of CP odd and CP even eigenstates, and CP violation is negligible in the neutral charm meson system. We verified the latter assumption by searching for a CP violating asymmetry in the Cabibbo suppressed decay modes $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$, $D^0 \\to K^-K^+$ and $D^0 \\to \\pi^-\\pi^+$. We show preliminary results on a measurement of the branching ratio $\\Gamma(D^{*+}\\to \\pi^+ (K^+\\pi^-))/\\Gamma(D^{*+}\\to \\pi^+ (K^-\\pi^+))$.
CP violation in the standard model: The B meson system
The author shows how expected large CP asymmetries in B decays can determine CKM phases in manners which are free of hadronic uncertainties. With other (CP conserving) measurements, this may eventually serve to overconstrain the CKM matrix. A determination of the three angles of the unitarity triangle is based theoretically on different types of asymmetries and is expected to involve different levels of experimental difficulty. The most promising measurement seems at present to be that of the angle β in B0d → ψKs. This is the simplest case of CP violation in decays of mixed B0 bar B0, which essentially involves no corrections from CP nonconservation in direct decay. In the asymmetry of B0d → π+π- (ρ+-π-+), which measures the angle α, one will have to disentangle direct decay CP violation from the measured asymmetry. This requires a good detector for neutral pions. A time-dependent determination of γ from direct decay CP violation in B+- → D01,2K+- may be feasible if BR(B+ → D0K+) is not too strongly color-suppressed. Finally the author presented a new idea of tagging neutral B mesons, based on their correlation with nearby pions. This may be a very promising possibility if one can establish experimentally a strong correlation
SPONTANEOUS CP VIOLATION AND QUARK MASS AMBIGUITIES.
CREUTZ,M.
2004-09-21
I explore the regions of quark masses where CP will be spontaneously broken in the strong interactions. The boundaries of these regions are controlled by the chiral anomaly, which manifests itself in ambiguities in the definition of non-degenerate quark masses. In particular, the concept of a single massless quark is ill defined.
Summary of the working group on CP violation (theory)
The Working Group concentrated on hadronic asymmetries in B decays, because certain of these asymmetries are both predictable and large. In this paper, the authors study three topics in some detail: how the present expectations for these asymmetries are improved by new knowledge of other weak parameters, like mt and Vub; how much do penguin and rescattering effects change the theoretical basis for these predictions? how one can use appropriate angular correlation measurements to unravel CP eigenmodes from non-CP final states. In addition, the authors also briefly discussed CP violation in charged B decays
CPLEAR et BABAR, all aspects of CP violation; CPLEAR et BABAR la violation de CP dans tous ses etats
Yeche, Ch
2003-06-01
This report of French 'Habilitation a diriger les recherches' summarizes my scientific activity from 1993 to 2003. During this decade, my research work was related to two particle physics experiments: CPLEAR and BABAR. The first one, CPLEAR, has recorded data from 1988 to 1995 on the low energy anti-proton ring (LEAR) at CERN. This experiment was devoted to the study of T, CPT et CP discrete symmetries. The second experiment, BABAR, has been running since 1999, on the PEP-II B factory at SLAC. This experiment searches for CP violation and tests the Standard Model through the measurements of the angles and the sides of the Unitarity Triangle. My research work is divided in five main topics: Study of CP and CPT violation in K{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +} {pi}{sup -} decays; Performance optimization of the particle identification detector (DIRC) of the BABAR experiment; B meson tagging in BABAR experiment; {delta}m{sub d} measurement and Search for CP and T violation in mixing with dilepton events; Search for CP violation in B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup {+-}} {pi}{sup {+-}} and B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup {+-}} K{sup {+-}} decays. (author)
Addressing the strong CP problem with quark mass ratios
Díaz-Cruz, J L; Saldaña-Salazar, U J
2016-01-01
The strong CP problem is one of many puzzles in the theoretical description of elementary particles physics that still lacks an explanation. Solutions to that problem usually comprise new symmetries or fields or both. The main problem seems to be how to achieve small CP in the strong interactions despite large CP violation in weak interactions. Observation of CP violation is exclusively through the Higgs--Yukawa interactions. In this letter, we show that with minimal assumptions on the structure of mass (Yukawa) matrices the strong CP problem does not exist in the Standard Model and no extension to solve this is needed. However, to solve the flavor puzzle, models based on minimal SU(3) flavor groups leading to the proposed flavor matrices are favored.
Search for CP violation in $D^{0}$ and $D^{+}$ decays
Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Arena, V; Bediaga, I; Bianco, S; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Butler, J N; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cawlfield, C; Cheung, H W K; Cho, K; Chung, Y S; Cinquini, L; Copty, N K; Cumalat, J P; D'Angelo, P; Davenport, T F; De Miranda, J M; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Dos Reis, A C; Engh, D; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Gardner, R; Garren, L A; Giammarchi, M G; Gianini, G; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Göbel, C; Handler, T; Hernández, H; Hosack, M; Inzani, P; Johns, W E; Kang, J S; Kasper, P H; Kim, D Y; Ko, B R; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Kwak, J W; Kwon, Y; Lee, K B; Leveraro, F; Liguori, G; López, A M; Magnin, J; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Méndez, H; Méndez, L; Merlo, M; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Moroni, L; Myung, S S; Nehring, M S; O'Reilly, B; Olaya, D; Pantea, D; Paolone, V S; Park, H; Park, K S; Pedrini, D; Pepe, I M; Prelz, F; Purohit, M; Quinones, J; Rahimi, A; Ramírez, J E; Ratti, S P; Reyes, M; Riccardi, C; Rivera, C; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Sales, M; Sarwar, S; Sheaff, M; Sheldon, P D; Simão, F R A; Stenson, K; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Torre, P; Uribe, C; Vaandering, E W; Vázquez, F; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Webster, M S; Wilson, J R; Wiss, J; Yager, P M; Zallo, A; Zhang, Y
2000-01-01
A high statistics sample of photoproduced charm particles from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab has been used to search for CP violation in the Cabibbo suppressed decay modes D+ to K-K+pi+, D0 to K-K+ and D0 to pi-pi+. We have measured the following CP asymmetry parameters: A_CP(K-K+pi+) = +0.006 +/- 0.011 +/- 0.005, A_CP(K-K+) = -0.001 +/- 0.022 +/- 0.015 and A_CP(pi-pi+) = +0.048 +/- 0.039 +/- 0.025 where the first error is statistical and the second error is systematic. These asymmetries are consistent with zero with smaller errors than previous measurements.
CP violating asymmetries in charged D meson decays
Buccella, F; Mangano, G; Miele, G; Pugliese, A; Santorelli, P
1993-01-01
The CP violating asymmetries for Cabibbo suppressed charged D meson decays in the standard model are estimated in the factorized approximation, using the two-loop effective hamiltonian and a model for final state interactions previously tested for Cabibbo allowed D decays. No new parameters are added. The predictions are larger than expected and not too far from the experimental possibilities.
CP violating asymmetries in charged D meson decays
Buccella, F.; Lusignoli, M.; Mangano, G.; Miele, G.; Pugliese, A.; Santorelli, P.
1993-03-01
The CP violating asymmetries for Cabibbo suppressed charged D meson decays in the standard model are estimated in the factorized approximation, using the two-loop effective hamiltonian and a model for final state interactions previously tested for Cabibbo allowed D decays. No new parameters are added. The predictions are larger than expected and not too far from the experimental possibilities.
Searches for CP violation in multibody D decays
Fu, J
2014-01-01
Multibody charm decays are a good place to search for $CP$ violation. The results of the LHCb collaboration in the decays of $D^+ \\to \\pi^- \\pi^+ \\pi^+$, $D^0 \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ and $D^0 \\to K^+ K^- \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ are presented.
Determination of CP violation parameter using neutrino pair beam
M. Yoshimura
2016-02-01
Full Text Available Neutrino oscillation experiments under neutrino pair beam from circulating excited heavy ions are studied. It is found that detection of double weak events has a good sensitivity to measure CP violating parameter and distinguish mass hierarchy patterns in short baseline experiments in which the earth-induced matter effect is minimized.
Superweak C.P. violation mediated by neutral Higgs bosons
In the framework of the standard SU(2) tensorial product of U(1) model, it is shown that a triplet and a singlet of Higgs bosons give rise to the ΔI=1/2 rule and to superweak CP violation in the non-leptonic sector
CP-violation in cascade decays at the LHC
Tattersall, Jamie
We study the potential to observe CP-violating effects in various supersymmetric cascade decay chains at the LHC. Asymmetries composed by triple products of momenta of the final state particles are sensitive to CP-violating effects. We analytically calculate the cascade decays including the relevant spin correlations to compute the parton level asymmetry. In addition, we use Monte Carlo simulations to estimate the sensitivity of the LHC to the CP-violating observables. Due to large boosts that dilute the asymmetries, these can be difficult to observe at the LHC. However, if all particle masses in a cascade decay are known, it may be possible to reconstruct all momenta in the decay chains. We can then recover the full asymmetry on an event-by-event basis even when we have missing momentum due to a stable lightest supersymmetric particle. After the reconstruction, the non-diluted CP-violating signal gets significantly enhanced so that an observation may become feasible. A fully hadronic study has also been co...
CP violation due to multi Froggatt-Nielsen fields
Kanemura, Shinya; Ota, Toshihiko; Petcov, Serguey; Shindou, Tetsuo; Takasugi, Eiichi; Tsumura, Koji
2007-01-01
We study how to incorporate CP violation in the Froggatt--Nielsen (FN) mechanism. To this end, we introduce non-renormalizable interactions with a flavor democratic structure to the fermion mass generation sector. It is found that at least two iso-singlet scalar fields with imposed a discrete symmetry are necessary to generate CP violation due to the appearance of the relative phase between their vacuum expectation values. In the simplest model, ratios of quark masses and the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix including the CP violating phase are determined by the CKM element |V_{us}| and the ratio of two vacuum expectation values R=|R|e^{i*alpha} (a magnitude and a phase). It is demonstrated how the angles phi_i (i=1--3) of the unitarity triangle and the CKM off-diagonal elements |V_{ub}| and |V_{cb}| are predicted as a function of |V_{us}|, |R| and \\alpha. Although the predicted value of the CP violating phase does not agree with the experimental data within the simplest model, the basic idea of our sce...
Xie, Yuehong
2012-01-01
Study of CP violation in the decay channel Bs->J/psi phi is essential to exploring and constraining physics beyond the Standard Model in the quark flavour sector. The experimental progress in this area of activity at the LHC and Tevatron is discussed.
Physics of heavy quark decays and CP violation
The phenomena of quark mixing in weak interaction are described. The current experimental status of the mixing matrix, charm and beauty particle decays, and CP violations are reported. Future interesting experiments are pointed out, especially in the event that higher generations of quarks exist. 78 refs., 5 figs
CP violation and electroweak baryogenesis in the Standard Model
Brauner, Tomáš
Vol. 70. Les Ulis: E D P Sciences, 2014, 00078. ISSN 2100-014X. [1st International Conference on New Frontiers in Physics. Kolymbari (GR), 10.06.2012-16.06.2012] Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : Standard Model * CP-violation * electroweak Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics
Measurement of CP violation in the B0s system
Studies of CP violation play a key role in the search for physics beyond the Standard Model. In the B0s system these mainly consist of measurements of mixing-induced CP violation, which arises from the interference between the B0s− B-bar 0s mixing process and the subsequent decay. This report focusses on two such asymmetry measurements recently published by the LHCb collaboration. The first analysis presents the measurement of a CP violating phase in B0s → φφ, which is found to be φφφ = −0.17±0.15(stat)±0.03(syst)rad. The second provides an updated measurement of the B0s− B-bar 0s mixing phase φs using the B0s → J/ψπ+π− channel. It yields φs = 0.070 ± 0.068 (stat) ± 0.008 (syst) rad. Both results are consistent with the Standard Model expectations and no indication for direct CP violation was found in either decay mode
CP violation in K decays and rare decays
The present status of CP violation in decays of neutral kaons is reviewed. In addition selected rare decays of both K and B mesons are discussed. The emphasis is in particular on observables that can be reliably calculated and thus offer the possibility of clean tests of standard model flavor physics. 105 refs
CP violation in the Standard Model with a complex singlet
Darvishi, Neda
2016-01-01
CP violation of the Standard Model (SM) is insufficient to explain the baryon asymmetry in the Universe and therefore an additional source of CP violation is needed. Here we consider the extension of the SM by a neutral complex singlet and discuss the physical conditions for a spontaneous CP violation in such model. In the model there are three neutral Higgs particles. Assuming the lightest one to be the 125 GeV Higgs boson found at LHC we calculate masses of the additional Higgs scalars and perform a numerical study of the allowed region of parameters. The scenario according to which the SM-like Higgs particle comes mostly from the SM-like SU(2) doublet, with a small modification coming from the singlet, is in agreement with the newest $R_{\\gamma \\gamma}$ and precise EW (parameters S, T) data. We have found that the Jarlskog invariant, measuring the strength of the CP violation, can be enhanced as compared to the one in the SM, at the same time there is no corresponding enhancements expected for the Electric...
A new perspective on CP and T violation
Ashtekar, Abhay
2013-01-01
It is shown that the results of CP and T violation experiments can be interpreted using a very general framework that does not require a Hilbert space of states or linear operators to represent the symmetries or dynamics. Analysis within this general framework brings out the aspects of quantum mechanics that are essential for this interpretation. More importantly, should quantum mechanics be eventually replaced by a new paradigm, this framework could \\emph{still} be used to establish violation of CP and T invariance from the already known experimental results. This work arose as a `formal response' to a talk "Three Merry Roads to T-Violation" by Dr. Bryan Roberts [1]. Both talks were given at a "Workshop on Cosmology and Time" held at Penn State in April 2013, which brought together physicists and philosophers of science.
Superweak CP-violation and right-handed horizontal interactions
A horizontal extension of the Weinberg-Salam electroweak theory by a right-handed 0(3)sub(R)sub(H) gauge symmetry for the three fermion families is studied. By an appropriate choice of the Higgs-scalar fields the CP-symmetry of the Lagrangean is spontaneously broken, but the mixing of the left-handed fermion states, and hence the Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix, remains real. The CP-violation is manifested in the superweak horizontal gauge interactions, which are suppressed by the large mass of the corresponding gauge bosons. It is, however, possible that the horizontal boson acting on the second and third families can be considerably lighter than the other two, implying an interesting phenomenology of the related CP-violation effects and flavour-changing neutral currents. (orig.)
CMS performance for CP violation measurements
Recent set of structure functions, branching ratios and the current understanding of detector performance lead to a new evaluation of the CP reach of CMS. Compared to previous analysis, expected numbers of fully reconstructed and μ tagged B events are smaller, but are partly recovered thanks to progress on low pT electron identification based upon the high-resolution and fine granular electromagnetic calorimeter. This allow to use electrons for tagging purpose as well s for J/ψ → e+e-reconstruction. (author)
CMS performance for CP violation measurements
Pralavorio, P.
1996-12-31
Recent set of structure functions, branching ratios and the current understanding of detector performance lead to a new evaluation of the CP reach of CMS. Compared to previous analysis, expected numbers of fully reconstructed and {mu} tagged B events are smaller, but are partly recovered thanks to progress on low pT electron identification based upon the high-resolution and fine granular electromagnetic calorimeter. This allow to use electrons for tagging purpose as well s for J/{psi} {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}reconstruction. (author). 13 refs.
CP Violation in $D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S$
Nierste, Ulrich
2015-01-01
The direct CP asymmetry $a_{CP}^{\\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S)$ involves exchange diagrams which are induced at tree-level in the Standard Model. Since the corresponding topological amplitude $E_{KK}$ can be large, $D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S$ is a promising discovery channel for charm CP violation. We estimate the penguin annihilation amplitude with a perturbative calculation and extract the exchange amplitude $E_{KK}$ from a global fit to $D$ branching ratios. Our results are further used to predict the size of mixing-induced CP violation. We obtain $\\vert a_{CP}^{\\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\\rightarrow K_SK_S)\\vert \\leq 1.1\\%$ (95\\% C.L.). The same bound applies to the nonuniversal part of the phase between the $D\\!-\\overline{\\!D}\\,$ mixing and decay amplitudes. If future data exceed our predictions, this will point to new physics or an enhancement of the penguin annihilation amplitude by QCD dynamics. We briefly discuss the implications of these possibilities for other CP asymmetries.
Recent Results on T and CP Violation at BABAR
CP-violation (CPV) and Time-reversal violation (TRV) are intimately related through the CPT theorem: if one of these discrete symmetries is violated the other one has to be violated in such a way to conserve CPT. Although CPV in the B0B0-bar system has been established by the B-factories, implying indirectly TRV, there is still no direct evidence of TRV. We report on the observation of TRV in the B-meson system performed with a dataset of 468 x 106 BB-bar pairs produced in Y(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We also report on other CPV measurements recently performed on the B-meson system
Recent Results on T and CP Violation at BABAR
Perez Perez, Alejandro [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Pisa (Italy).
2015-02-06
CP-violation (CPV) and Time-reversal violation (TRV) are intimately related through the CPT theorem: if one of these discrete symmetries is violated the other one has to be violated in such a way to conserve CPT. Although CPV in the B^{0}B^{0}-bar system has been established by the B-factories, implying indirectly TRV, there is still no direct evidence of TRV. We report on the observation of TRV in the B-meson system performed with a dataset of 468 × 10^{6} BB-bar pairs produced in Υ(4S) decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e^{+}e^{-} collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We also report on other CPV measurements recently performed on the B-meson system
Spontaneous CP violation in the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos
Doff, A.(Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná – UTFPR – DAFIS, Av. Monteiro Lobato Km 04, 84016-210 Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil); Pires, C. A. de S.; da Silva, P. S. Rodrigues
2006-01-01
We implement the mechanism of spontaneous CP violation in the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos and recognize their sources of CP violation. Our main result is that the mechanism works already in the minimal version of the model and new sources of CP violation emerges as an effect of new physics at energies higher than the electroweak scale.
CP violation in multibody decays of beauty baryons
Durieux, Gauthier
2016-01-01
Beauty baryons are being observed in large number in the LHCb detector. The rich kinematics of their multibody decays are therefore becoming accessible and provide us with new opportunities to search for CP violation. We analyse the angular distributions of some three- and four-body decays of spin-$1/2$ baryons using the Jacob-Wick helicity formalism. The asymmetries that provide access to small differences of CP-odd phases between decay amplitudes of identical CP-even phases are notably discussed. The understanding gained on processes featuring specific resonant intermediate states allows us to establish which asymmetries are relevant for what purpose. It is for instance shown that some CP-odd angular asymmetries measured by the LHCb collaboration in the $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda\\,\\varphi \\to p\\,\\pi\\, K^+ K^-$ decay are expected to vanish identically.
Neutrino mixing and CP violation from Dirac-Majorana mixing
Harada, Junpei
2016-01-01
We consider a minimal condition that predicts the 1-3 lepton mixing angle $\\theta_{13} \\simeq \\theta_{\\rm C}/\\sqrt{2}$ with $\\theta_{\\rm C}$ the Cabibbo angle, and give the improved prediction of $\\theta_{13}$. In the case of normal mass ordering, the theoretical value of $\\theta_{13}$ is predicted as $\\theta_{13}=8.6^\\circ$, which is in good agreement with the current global best fit. In the case of inverted mass ordering, the theoretical value is predicted as $\\theta_{13}=9.7^\\circ$, which is far from the current global best fit. We also study the leptonic CP violation. We show that any values of the leptonic Dirac CP phase $\\delta_{\\rm CP}$ can be obtained by fine tuning. Without fine tuning, $|\\sin\\delta_{\\rm CP}|$ should be very small, typically of ${\\cal O}(\\lambda^2)$ where $\\lambda\\equiv \\sin\\theta_{\\rm C}$. Furthermore, a model-independent measure of CP violation is proposed, which is applicable to any flavor models.
Measurement of CP-violating asymmetries in B0 decays to CP Eigenstates
Aubert, B.; Boutigny, D.; Bonis, I.; Gaillard, JM; Jeremie, A.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, JP; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V.; Palano, A.; Chen, GP; Chen, JC; Qi, ND; Rong, G.; Wang, P.
2001-01-01
This is the pre-print version of the Article. The official published version can be accessed from the links below. Copyright @ 2001 APS We present measurements of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in neutral B decays to several CP eigenstates. The measurement uses a data sample of 23×106 ϒ(4S)→BB̅ decays collected by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric B Factory at SLAC. In this sample, we find events in which one neutral B meson is fully reconstructed in a CP eigenstate cont...
CP-violation - a window to new physics
Violation of combined charge and parity symmetry in strangeness changing K-meson decays is shortly reviewed. The ΔS=2 Ko ↔ anti Ko transition and ΔS=1 processes K → 2π are described in the quark language. It is pointed out that even if the standard SU(3) X SU(2) X U(1) theory gives an excellent description of the present particle physics, precise measurements of exotic phenomena like CP-violation might reveal whether there is new physics beyond the standard theory
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
Kim, Jihn E., E-mail: jihnekim@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, 26 Gyungheedaero, Dongdaemun-Gu, 02447, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), 291 Daehakro, Yuseong-Gu, 34141, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanakro, Gwanak-Gu, 08826, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, 26 Gyungheedaero, Dongdaemun-Gu, 02447, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2016-01-08
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δ{sub PMNS}≈-(π/2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously à la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears.
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
Kim, Jihn E. [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research (IBS), Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Nam, Soonkeon [Kyung Hee University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2015-12-15
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δ{sub PMNS} ∼ -(π)/(2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously a la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears. (orig.)
CP-violation in b quark radiative inclusive decays
The direct CP-violation in SU(2)L x SU(2)R x U(1) model and two-Higgs doublet extension of the standard model for b → dγ and b → sγ decays is investigated. The calculated CP-asymmetry for both of the models and for b → dγ and b → sγ decays for the wide range of parameters can exceed the value, predicted by the standard model and have a sign opposite to that of the latter. (author). 21 refs, 2 figs, 5 tabs
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δPMNS ∼ -(π)/(2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously a la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears. (orig.)
Unifying CP violations of quark and lepton sectors
A preliminary determination of the Dirac phase in the PMNS matrix is δPMNS≈-(π/2). A rather accurately determined Jarlskog invariant J in the CKM matrix is close to the maximum. Since the phases in the CKM and PMNS matrices will be accurately determined in the future, it is an interesting problem to relate these two phases. This can be achieved in a families-unified grand unification if the weak CP violation is introduced spontaneously à la Froggatt and Nielsen at a high energy scale, where only one meaningful Dirac CP phase appears
Origin of Constrained Maximal CP Violation in Flavor Symmetry
He, Hong-Jian; Xu, Xun-Jie
2015-01-01
Current data from neutrino oscillation experiments are in good agreement with $\\delta=-\\pi/2$ and $\\theta_{23} = \\pi/4$. We define the notion of "constrained maximal CP violation" for these features and study their origin in flavor symmetry models. We give various parametrization-independent definitions of constrained maximal CP violation and present a theorem on how it can be generated. This theorem takes advantage of residual symmetries in the neutrino and charged lepton mass matrices, and states that, up to a few exceptions, $\\delta=\\pm\\pi/2$ and $\\theta_{23} = \\pi/4$ are generated when those symmetries are real. The often considered $\\mu$-$\\tau$ reflection symmetry, as well as specific discrete subgroups of $O(3)$, are special case of our theorem.
CP violating asymmetries in the neutral kaon decays
Amelino-Camelia, G.; Buccella, F.; D'Ambrosio, G.; Gallo, A. R.; Mangano, G.; Miragliuolo, M.
1992-03-01
We study the time dependence of the integrated asymmetries in strangeness of kaons in the decays in two and three pions and in two photons with the purpose of disentangling the CP violating effects in the decay amplitudes from the ones related to theK^0 - bar K^0 mass matrix. We find two cases where they are not reduced by the Δ I=1/2 rule or hidden by CP violation in the mass matrix, namely the strangeness-energy correlation of the charged pions in the prompt decay (τ<τ S ) in π+π-π0, and the decays in two photons. The semileptonic decays are also briefly studied.
CP violating asymmetries in the neutral kaon decays
Amelino-Camelia, G. (Boston Univ., MA (United States)); Buccella, F.; Gallo, A. (Naples Univ. (Italy). Ist. di Fisica Teorica); D' Ambrosio, G. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Naples (Italy)); Mangano, G.; Miragliuolo, M. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Naples (Italy) Naples Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Fisiche)
1992-07-01
We study the time dependence of the integrated asymmetries in strangeness of kaons in the decays in two and three pions and in two photons with the purpose of disentangling the CP violating effects in the decay amplitudes from the ones related to the K{sup 0}-anti K{sup 0} mass matrix. We find two cases where they are not reduced by the {Delta}I=1/2 rule or hidden by CP violation in the mass matrix, namely the strangeness-energy correlation of the charged pions in the prompt decay ({tau}<{tau}{sub S}) in {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, and the decays in two photons. The semileptonic decays are also briefly studied. (orig.).
CP violating asymmetries in the neutral kaon decays
We study the time dependence of the integrated asymmetries in strangeness of kaons in the decays in two and three pions and in two photons with the purpose of disentangling the CP violating effects in the decay amplitudes from the ones related to the K0-anti K0 mass matrix. We find two cases where they are not reduced by the ΔI=1/2 rule or hidden by CP violation in the mass matrix, namely the strangeness-energy correlation of the charged pions in the prompt decay (τS) in π+π-π0, and the decays in two photons. The semileptonic decays are also briefly studied. (orig.)
Recent results on CP violation from the CPLEAR experiment
The CPLEAR experiment is aiming at precise CP violation tests using initially pure K0- and anti K0 beams from the intense source provided by the annihilation of the LEAR vector p-beam in hydrogen. The strangeness tagging efficiency and the systematic errors have been studied and found to be in agreement with the design specifications. The measurement of the differential time asymmetry of the π+ π- decays allowed the direct observation of differences in the decay rates of particles and antiparticles. The CP violating parameters were determined as vertical stroke η±vertical stroke = (2.32 ± 0.14).10-3 and φ± = 42.3 ± 4.4 . First results in the reconstruction and analysis of the neutral kaon decays into two neutral pions and the Ke3 decay are presented. (orig.)
How to Measure CP Violation in Neutrino Oscillation Experiments?
Minakata, H; Minakata, Hisakazu; Nunokawa, Hiroshi
1997-01-01
We propose a new method for measuring CP violation in neutrino oscillation experiments. The idea is to isolate the term due to the CP-violating phase out of the oscillation probability by taking difference between yields of two (or three) detectors at path-lengths $L = 250 (\\frac{E}{1.35 {GeV}}) (\\frac{\\Delta m^2}{10^{-2}{eV}^2})^{-1} {km}$ and at $L/3$ (and also at $2L/3$ in the case of three detectors). We use possible hierarchies in neutrino masses suggested by the astrophysical and the cosmological observations to motivate the idea and to examine how the method works.
Experiments on CP violation with B-mesons
This paper discusses: what is the optimum asymmetry of an asymmetric B-factory, and what luminosity is required to observe CP violation if it is due to a phase in the Kobayashi-Maskawa (KM) matrix. The most promising scheme for the observation of CP violation of B-mesons relies on the measurement of the time evolution of their decays, and thus on the detection of their decay vertices. This can be achieved with an asymmetric B-factory. In an asymmetric B-factory e+ and e- are collided with different energies E1 and E2. Thus, the resulting Y(4S) state, which is the source of the B-mesons. For any given reaction there exists an optimum boost, where the maximum experimental significance is reached. The position of this optimum depends on details of the reaction. The authors found, however, that this optimum lies always above βγ = 0.9
Baryon inhomogeneities due to CP violating QCD Z(3) walls
We have investigated the possibility of generating baryon inhomogeneities in the quark-gluon plasma phase in the early universe due to CP violating scattering of quarks and anti-quarks from moving Z(3) domain walls. CP violation, here, is spontaneous in nature, and arises from the non-trivial profile of the background gauge field between different Z(3) vacua. We have calculated the spatial variation of the background gauge field across the Z(3) interface from the profile of the Polyakov loop L(x) for the Z(3) interface and determined the reflection of quarks and anti-quarks using the Dirac equation. Our results have shown that the reflection coefficients of quarks and anti-quarks can differ by a large amount. We have discussed the implications of this for baryon inhomogeneity generation from collapsing large Z(3) walls
Charming CP Violation and Dipole Operators from RS Flavor Anarchy
Delaunay, Cédric; Perez, Gilad; Randall, Lisa
2013-01-01
Recently the LHCb collaboration reported evidence for direct CP violation in charm decays. The value is sufficiently large that either substantially enhanced Standard Model contributions or non-Standard Model physics is required to explain it. In the latter case only a limited number of possibilities would be consistent with other existing flavor-changing constraints. We show that warped extra dimensional models that explain the quark spectrum through flavor anarchy can naturally give rise to contributions of the size required to explain the the LHCb result. The D meson asymmetry arises through a sizable CP-violating contribution to a chromomagnetic dipole operator. This happens naturally without introducing inconsistencies with existing constraints in the up quark sector. We discuss some subtleties in the loop calculation that are similar to those in Higgs to \\gamma\\gamma. Loop-induced dipole operators in warped scenarios and their composite analogs exhibit non-trivial dependence on the Higgs profile, with t...
A Short Guide to Flavour Physics and CP Violation
Lee, Seung J
2015-01-01
We present the invited lectures given at the second Asia-Europe-Pacific School of High-Energy Physics (AEPSHEP), which took place in Puri, India in November 2014. The series of lectures aimed at graduate students in particle experiment/theory, covering the very basics of flavor physics and CP violation, some useful theoretical methods such as OPE and effective field theories, and some selected topics of flavour physics in the era of LHC.
Spontaneous CP Violation in the U(3) NJL Model
Kruglov, S I
2003-01-01
With the help of the functional integration method, the formation of scalar, pseudoscalar condensates, and dynamical symmetry breaking in the U(3) four-fermion model has been investigated. We show the possibility of spontaneous CP symmetry violation in the model under consideration. The bosonization procedures of the model are performed; the propagators of quarks, scalar and pseudoscalar fields are calculated in one loop approximation. The masses of the scalar and pseudoscalar mesons are evaluated.
Exploring Leptonic CP Violation by Reactor and Neutrino Superbeam Experiments
Minakata, Hisakazu; Sugiyama, Hiroaki(Maskawa Institute for Science and Culture, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto 603-8555, Japan)
2003-01-01
We point out the possibility that reactor measurement of theta_{13}, when combined with high-statistics nu_e appearance accelerator experiments, can detect leptonic CP violation. Our proposal is based on a careful statistical analysis under reasonable assumptions on systematic errors, assuming 2 years running of the neutrino mode J-PARC -> Hyper-Kamiokande experiment and a few years running of a reactor experiment with 100 ton detectors at the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant. We show t...
CP violation and B mixing in CDF-II
In March 2001, the Tevatron at Fermilab will start a new run at √s = 2.0 TeV, delivering an integrated luminosity of 2 fb-1 in the first two years and more than 15 fb-1 in the following years, before the start of LHC at CERN. CDF has been upgraded to cope with the new physics program. The authors present here the prospects for measuring B mixing and CP violation during the upcoming run
CP violation and B mixing in CDF-II
In March 2001, the Tevatron at Fermilab will start a new run at √s = 2.0 TeV, delivering an integrated luminosity of 2 fb-1 in the first two years and more than 15 fb-1 in the following years, before the start of LHC at CERN. CDF has been upgraded to cope with the new physics program. We present here the prospects for measuring B mixing and CP violation during the upcoming Run
Gluino mass and CP violation in supersymmetric models
We consider the 'old' phenomenon of CP violation in the K0-anti K0 system which has recently received a considerable amount of interest in view of the unexpectedly long B lifetime. Being the SUSY contribution dominated by gluino (g tilde) and squark (q tilde) insertions in the box diagram, we find it appropriate to start by summarizing our knowledge on the gluino mass which plays a discriminatory role among different SUSY models. (orig./HSI)
Neutron-Antineutron Oscillation as a Signal of CP Violation
Berezhiani, Zurab; Vainshtein, Arkady
2015-01-01
Assuming the Lorentz and CPT invariances we show that neutron-antineutron oscillation implies breaking of CP along with baryon number violation -- i.e. two of Sakharov conditions for baryogenesis. The oscillation is produced by the unique operator in the effective Hamiltonian. This operator mixing neutron and antineutron preserves charge conjugation C and breaks P and T. External magnetic field always leads to suppression of oscillations. Its presence does not lead to any new operator mixing ...
CP Violation: The CKM Matrix and New Physics
Wyler, Daniel
2002-01-01
Loop corrections for physics beyond the Standard Model are computed. DWe discuss the influence of new physics on CP-violating observables. Assuming the standard model gives a correct description of tree level processes, we show how a consistent procedure can determine the parameters of the standard model and check its validity also in loop induced processes. A method to include new physics in a systematic way is sketched.